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Full text of "A genealogical and biographical record of the Savery families (Savory and Savary) and of the Severy family (Severit, Savery, Savory and Savary) : descended from early immigrants to New England and Philadelphia, with introductory articles on the origin and history of the names ... a detailed sketch of the life and labors of William Savery, minister of the Gospel in the Society of Friends ; and appendixes containing an account of Savery's invention of the steam engine"

A GENEALOGICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



OF THE 



SAVERY FAMILIES 



(SAVORY AND SAVARY) 

AND OF THE 



SEVERY FAMILY 

(SEVERIT, SAVERY, SAVORY, AND SAVARY) 

DESCENDED FROM EARLY IMMIGRANTS TO NEW ENGLAND AND PHILADELPHIA 

WITH INTRODUCTORY ARTICLES ON THE ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF THE 

NAMES, AND OF ENGLISH FAMILIES OF THE NAME SAVERY IN ITS VA- 

RIOUS FORMS; A DETAILED SKETCH OF THE LIFE AND LABORS 

OF WILLIAM SAVERY, MINISTER OF THE GOSPEL IN THE 

SOCIETY OF FRIENDS ; AND APPENDIXES CONTAINING 

AN ACCOUNT OF SAVERY'S INVENTION OF THE 

STEAM ENGINE, AND EXTRACTS FROM ENG- 

LISH, NEW ENGLAND, AND BARBADOES 

RECORDS RELATING TO FAMILIES 

OF BOTH NAMES. 

BY 

A. W. SAVARY, M. A., 

OF ANNAPOLIS ROYAL, NOVA SCOTIA, JUDGE OF THE COUNTY COURTS 

OF NOVA SCOTIA. 

ASSISTED IN THE GENEALOGY BY 

MISS LYDIA A. SAVARY, 

OF EAST WAREHAM, MASS. 



Mea me virtus, et sancta oracula Divuni, 
Cognatique patres, tua terris didita faniH, 
Conjunxere tibi. VIRG., JEx. viii. 131. 



BOSTON: 
THE COLLINS 









^ON DEP^ 
LIBRARY 

1898 





? 



PREFACE. 

BESIDES my recognized assistant in the compilation of this 
Genealogy, and those to whom I acknowledged my obligations in 
the " New England Historical and Genealogical Register" for Octo- 
ber, 1887, I am indebted to Dr. William Savery, of Sharon Hill, 
Penn., for biographical matter pertaining to the Philadelphia Family, 
to Hon. James B. Severy, Judge of the County Court of El Paso 
County, Col. , for information by which I was enabled to trace the 
branches of the Severy family settled in Maine, and to Dr. Samuel 
Smiles for the permission accorded me to publish in America the 
chapter in his " Lives of Boulton and Watt," which gives an account 
of Savery's invention of the steam engine. 

And in this place I would repeat with emphasis the expression of 
my great indebtedness to Miss Lydia A. Savary for her invaluable 
and continued assistance, without which I would never have been 
able to bring the work to a satisfactory conclusion. She gathered 
and furnished me by far the greater part of the materials woven into 
the genealogy of what I have called "Subdivision A" of the Old 
Colony Family, and a considerable quantity of other important mat- 
ter utilized in appropriate places in the genealogical portions of the 
book. 

I have consulted, for my sketch of the eminent minister, the 
"Journal of the Life and Labours of William Savery," edited by 
Jonathan Evans, Philadelphia; the " Life of Elizabeth Fry," by her 
daughter, Mrs. Cresswell; "Anecdotes of Friends" (issued by the 
"Tract Association of Friends," Philadelphia), and some letters of 
the minister to his wife from England. 

Those who have been surprised and disappointed at the long delay 
in issuing the book have no conception of the immense amount of 
time and labor which the compilation of such a work demands, and 
which was, in this case, aggravated by the distance of my residence 
from the records in which information was to be sought, and my 
want of sufficient leisure to spare from the duties of an engrossing 
office. The correspondence involved was enormous, and the ex- 



j v PREFACE. 

penses incurred so extraordinary that the financial loss will be great 
relatively to that resulting from the preparation and publication of 
most works of the same nature. Such books are expected to repay 
the cost of publication, and sometimes partially or wholly the expense 
of researches, but the work of compiling and writing is a " labor of 
love." My own expenses are much beyond the possibility of recoup- 
ment from sales of the book. It may appear ungracious to mention 
this, and yet it seems but right to disabuse the minds of those who 
may suppose that I have entered upon and carried on this work 
with a prospect of pecuniary gain. What was at first the indulgence 
of a taste for antiquarian research, family history, and speculations 
in heredity, gradually grew into a herculean task, which I more than 
once seriously contemplated abandoning in despair. 

In beginning my investigations in 1881, I was actuated simply by 
a desire to clearly trace up my own ancestry to its source on the 
other side of the Atlantic, and to that end applied for information to 
several kinspeople in Massachusetts whose addresses I chanced to 
obtain, but whom I had never met. These, in the order of time, 
were Hon. William Savery, of Carver; Adolphus Savary, Esq., and 
Miss Lydia A. Savary, of East Wareham; Theodore P. Adams, 
Esq., of Boston; and Rev. W. H. Savary, of Canton, now of South 
Boston ; all of whom most cordially responded, with a large amount 
of interesting matter, which, while not reaching back far enough to 
elucidate the transatlantic origin of the family, inspired me with 
more zeal to discover it, and prompted the more ambitious task of a 
full family history and genealogy. The pleasure I have derived 
from my correspondence and subsequent acquaintance with these 
and others of my American kinsfolk, and others not kinsfolk, who 
have in various degrees contributed to my success, has relieved and 
lightened my labors. 

A complication that rendered my work more difficult was the exist- 
ence in Plymouth County of a quite numerous family of the same 
name, who, it was taken for granted by myself and most of my early 
correspondents, were a part of the " Old Colony " family of Saverys, 
but whom a careful investigation proved to have been descended 
from an entirely different source, the name being a development 
from one originally quite different, and an example of the curious 
way in which in English-speaking communities a name originally 



PREFACE. V 

purely French, will, in the course of generations, become gradually 
changed into one of English sound, or locally common as an English 
name. The book will therefore be divided into two parts, the second 
of which will contain the genealogy of the Severy family, and of the 
Saverys who are descended from the immigrant ancestor of the 
Severys, whose name, it will be seen, was Sivret, changed to Severit 
on this side of the water. I at one time thought of publishing this 
in a separate volume, but decided finally that it would be more inter- 
esting and useful to both families to place the two genealogies in juxta- 
position in the same book, in order that difference, as well as identity, 
of origin and pedigree, and non-relationship, as well as relationship, 
of people bearing the same names, might be elucidated together. I 
am sorry that the genealogy of the Severy family is not fuller. 
Many of the descendants of the first Joseph Severy, of Sutton, I 
have been unable to trace, and there were evidently two of the name, 
probably his uncles, who remained at Marblehead, and were progen- 
itors of a numerous posterity, who now all write their names 
44 Savory." All the Marblehead church and town records relating to 
the name I have inserted in an appendix, so that any one who may 
wish to trace these lines more closely may be aided in doing so. I 
was disappointed at discovering that so many esteemed correspond- 
ents, worthy of all regard, and much interested in this Genealogy, 
were in no wise related to the family of which I was a member, or 
to any of the consanguineous families of the same name, whose his- 
tory alone I for some time thought I was compiling. 

In the female lines I did not at first expect to give more than the 
marriages of daughters, and the first generations of their children. 
Where I have done more, the information was volunteered to me, or 
was easily obtainable. A genealogy of the descendants of an early 
immigrant to America on a plan embracing the descendants in female 
as well as in male lines is rarely accomplished, and would have been 
much beyond my time and resources. 

A. W. SAVARY. 

ANNAPOLIS, 1893. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS . . . . . . ix 

EXPLANATIONS OF SIGNS AND ABBREVIATIONS xi 

NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS xiii 

PART I. 

I. INTRODUCTORY. The name Savery .... 1 
The Name in France . . . . . 7 

Modern English Families 8 

The Name in early New England Annals . . 12 
II. THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. Thomas Savory, the Pil- 
grim, and his Descendants . .19 

Subdivision A .'31 

Subdivision B . . -. . . . 74 

Subdivision C . . . . . .95 

III. THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. Robert Savory and his 

Descendants 102 

IV. THE NEW HAMPSHIRE FAMILY. Richard Savory and 

his Descendants . . . . .125 

V. THE NAME IN BARBADOES . . . .133 

VI. THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY. William Savery, Sr., and 

his Descendants . . . . .136 

VII. WILLIAM SAVERY, THE EMINENT MINISTER . 146 

PART II. 

VIII. THE SEVERY FAMILY AND SAVERYS FROM THE SAME 

ANCESTOR : 

Introductory: The Name and its Origin . 177 

John Severit or Severy and his Descendants . 179 



viii TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

VALEDICTORY REMARKS . . . . . . . 

APPENDIX A. Extracts from Records relating to Savery 

Family . . . 217 

Extracts from Records relating to Severy Family, 224 
APPENDIX B. Savery's Invention of the Steam Engine . 229 

APPENDIX C. Extracts from Records relating to the Sa- 

verys of Devonshire .... . 245 
INDEXES 255 






LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



THE SAVAKY MANSION AT GROVELAND, MASS. 
AUTOGRAPHS OF THOMAS SAVORY OF PLYMOUTH 
PORTRAIT OF Miss LYDIA A. SAVAKY 

14 CAPT. ISAAC SAVERY 

44 BENJAMIN SAVERY . 

44 URIAH SAVERY OF NOVA SCOTIA 

44 JAMES C. SAVERY . 

44 ANNE NOLAND, WIFE OF JAMES 

C. SAVERY .... 

44 BESSIE C. OTTY, LATE WIFE OF 

THE AUTHOR . 

44 HON. JOHN SAVERY . 

44 HON. WM. SAVERY OF CARVER . 

14 WILLIAM L. SHERRETT, M. D. . 

k4 PHINEAS M. SAVERY OF MISSISSIPPI 

u HON. GEORGE SAVARY 

4k REV. WM. H. SAVARY 

44 REV. GEORGE SAVARY 

44 EDWARD HOSMER SAVARY 

SILHOUETTE OF WILLIAM SAVERY, THE MINISTER 
COAT OF ARMS OF THE SYVRETS OF JERSEY 
PORTRAIT OF REV. GEO. W. SAVORY 

44 THE AUTHOR 



Frontispiece 
. Pages 20 and 21 
Opposite page 31 

it n 40 

" " 42 

< 4 48 



56 

65 

83 

91 

94 

100 

103 

117 

121 

123 

147 

177 

201 

213 



EXPLANATIONS OF SIGNS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 



THE small figures over the Christian names denote the number of the 
generation in which the person named is removed in descent from the im- 
migrant ancestor of his family. The names between brackets and in Italics 
are those of the direct lineal ancestors of the person treated of back to his 
immigrant ancestor, who is in such case numbered with a small l over the 
Christian name in the same manner, the son of the immigrant numbered 2 , 
grandson 3 , and so on down to the present generation. The Roman nu- 
merals in a column on the left of the names where births are recorded are 
intended to show the number of the children born of the same parents and 
the order of their births. The familiar Arabic numerals in the margin 
farther to the left show the order in which an extended and fuller record 
will be given of the person so numbered, and the births of his or her chil- 
dren, and so on. In case of a person not having any children, or only un- 
married children, and in female lines, it did not seem necessary always to 
carry the name forward in that way, unless there was something special to 
record in the person's own career, such as important military or civil pub- 
lic service, professional eminence, etc. In some cases the necessary infor- 
mation came too late to give it in a further extended record. In tracing 
down a line of descent, the reader will look in the middle of the page for 
the same number as that on the left side and directly against the name of 
the person traced from; and so, conversely, in tracing back, look in the 
left-hand margin of the previous pages for the same number as appears in 
the middle of the page above the name of the person whose ancestors you 
desire to trace. 

In England and the colonies the Julian Calendar was retained until 1752, 
when the C+regorian calendar, or new style, was adopted. In order, there- 
fore, to make the dates before 1752 correspond in the solar year to the new 
style, it is necessary to add ten to dates of days between 1600 and 1700, and 
eleven to dates between 1700 and 1752. Thus the " Mary and John" arrived 
on May 1, 1634 (old style), to which, adding ten, would be May 11, 1634 
(new style). The year in old style was computed to begin on March 25, 
so that most of her passengers took the oaths of supremacy and allegiance 
before sailing, March 24, 1633, although we would say it was in the same 
year as that in which they arrived. Some of her passengers took the oaths 
on the 26th of March, which was the second day of the year 1634. 

Where I have used the prefixes "Deacon," "Captain," etc., it is in 
most cases for the purpose of distinguishing the person designated from 
others of the same Christian name, or because the prefix was a common or 
well-known designation of the person. I concluded it a safe rule to apply 
to clergymen and physicians, senators and members of a State executive, 
the titles universally accorded to them by the usages of the country in which 
they lived. In cases of persons who held offices, in respect to which there 
is a diversity of usage, or the prefix "honorable" is merely given by 
courtesy, I have omitted that prefix. 

ABBREVIATIONS: b., lorn; d., died or dead; m., married; ch., child or 
rhildren; dau., daughter. 

PARTICULAR REQUEST. Any person who may discover any error it the 
<;<-nilo(jy will confer a great favor on the author by immediately notify ini/ him 
thereof. 



NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS. 



N. B. Some of the following matter is merely correction of errata; some I did not 
receive until after the book was in press, and some, I regret to say, that relating to James 
Savery (No. 4, Old Colony Family B) and his descendants, was communicated to me 
years ago in letters which got mislaid in the mass of my correspondence, and were only 
discovered within a few weeks. As it all ought to have been incorporated in the text, I 
insert it here, the better to insure its being read with the text. 

Pages 2, 6, and 7. The form "Saverick" occurs as late as 
Jan. 31, 1607-8, on the Court Rolls of Middlesex Quarter 
Sessions. 

Page 9. It is, however, likely that the family had a good 
standing in Devonshire long before the time of John Savery, 
of Halberton ; for as early as A. D. 1400, John Savery received 
the tonsure (tonsuratus eat), i. e., was admitted to holy orders 
at an ordination held by Stafford, Bishop of Exeter, at Totnes. 
In 1535 and 1536 a son of John of Halberton was mayor of 
Totnes, and the family possessed Totnes Castle until 1591. 
Notwithstanding the statement of Risdon in his " Survey of 
Devon," that this family " came originally out of Brittany," it 
is possible that they are descended from a Savery of Wiltshire, 
through a branch extending first into Somersetshire, which lies 
between Wilts and Devon, and gave a scholar to Winchester 
School in 1433, as mentioned on page 7. 

Pages 11 and 137. Charles Lamb was born Feb. 10, 1775, 
and Hester Savory, May 31, 1777. She married July 1, 1802, 
Charles Dudley, merchant, of Chester Place, Lambeth, at 
Peter's Court, St. Martin's Lane, and died as Hester Dudley, 
Feb. 9, 1803, and was interred at Bunhill Field, the 13th of 
the same month. In March, 1803, Lamb wrote to his friend 
Manning, then in Paris : 

" DEAR MANNING, I send you some verses I have made on the death of 
a young Quaker you may have heard me speak of as being in love with for 
some time while I lived at Pentonville, though"! had never spoken to her 
in my life. She died about a month since." 



xiv NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS. 

In the notes to Canon Ainger's edition of "Lamb's Letters," 
Canon Ainger says : 

'Miss Emma Savory, of Blackheath, a niece of Hester Savory, lias 
supplied me with a few biographical details : ' She (Hester) was the eldest 
sister of my father, A. B. Savory, and lived with him and his sisters, Anna 
and Martha, at Pentonville. She married Charles Stoke Dudley, and died 
eight months after her marriage, of fever. I possess a miniature portrait 
of her which I greatly value. My mother used to say that her beauty con- 
sisted more in expression than in regularity of features.' " 

Canon Ainger adds that he had seen the portrait, and after 
the lyric it was anything but disappointing, showing a bright- 
eyed gypsy face, such as we know so well from the canvas of 
Reynolds. 

A. B. (full name Adey Bellamy) Savory was long the head 
of the great firm of goldsmiths at Cornhill. It is said that Lamb 
had a fellow-clerk with him in the India office named Savory. 

Pages 11 and 57. The Walloons, like the Welsh, are relics 
of the original Celtic race. But the war waged by the Saxon 
invaders in South Britain was more one of extermination than 
that which resulted from the Teutonic invasions of Gaul. 
Hence the Celtic blood prevails much more in France than in 
England. 

Pages 16, 17, and 19. A difficulty in identifying this 
Thomas and Anthony with these two (supposed) grandsons of 
Robert and Joan Savery requires notice. The first recorded 
birth of a child to Thomas of Plymouth was in March, 1644-5, 
when the two Thomases, born at Hannington, would be forty- 
two and forty years old, respectively. Early marriages were 
the rule in those days. I have been unable to get anything 
from most of the Wiltshire and neighboring records. Thomas 
and Anthony, mentioned in Robert's will in 1598, were probably 
younger brothers, there being one older than they, Richard ; 
and it may In- that a Thomas and an Anthony descended from 
one of these brothers, and, inheriting their names, came to Plym- 
outh, while the Anthony who was baptized Jan. 20, 1605-6, was 
the same who died in liarl.adoes, Jan. 24, 1682-3, But Thomas 



NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS. XV 

Plymouth must have been born at the latest as early as 

>16, or he would not have been old enough to serve in 
Rowland's expedition against Hocking. Here I may observe 
the name of the parish is now always spelt Haiimngton. 

Page 32, lines 12 and 13. The tithingman was an officer 
appointed to see to the proper observance of the laws, especially 
those relating to the Sabbath, public worship, etc., and to warn 
and report delinquents ; and was so called from one who in 
old Saxon times had the oversight of the conduct of ten 
families ; an old name applied to a new office. 

Pages 41 and 51. Date of birth of Clarissa Savery should 
probably be Feb. 24 instead of 14. 

Page 51. Add to line 14: 

Benjamin S. Doty; m. Aug. 2, 1874, at Barraboo, Wis., Anna Westou. 

Also add to children of Clarissa Savery and Wilson Doty : 

VIII. Dora A., b. June 16, 1855; d. in infancy. 

Page 58. While the work was going through the press I 
was deeply grieved to hear of the death of Richard Gurney 
Savery, the younger, which occurred early in December, 1892. 
A contemporary paper says of him : 

u He was born in Taberg and educated at Whitestown Seminary. In 1883 
he entered the office of VV. E. Scripture, of Rome, and began the study of 
law. In 1885 he went with George R. Cornish, now of Rome, to Beatrice, 
Neb., and opened a law office. Mr. Savery was admitted to the bar while 
there. After remaining there about two years, he returned to Oneida 
County and opened an office in Taberg. Some two years ago he was ap- 
pointed a United States government land agent. His headquarters have 
been at Portland, Ore., but he has travelled extensively through Cali- 
fornia, New Mexico, Utah, and other parts of the West and Southwest. 
Not long ago he was promoted to chief inspector of land agents for the 
section of which Portland is the headquarters. He was a very genial man, 
and had many friends who will be surprised and pained at the news of his 
death." 

Page 62, line 15. The small figure 6 over the surname is a 
misprint. Line 24, for Lomoni read Lamoni. 

Page 65, line 7. Probably for Haines read Hians. Sister 
Charlotte Hians m. 1822 Joseph Fellows, Annapolis Co., N. S. 

Page 69, lines 17 to 1-9. Rev. Aaron Cleveland, great-great- 



Xvi NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS. 

grandfather of President Grover Cleveland, was from 1750 to 
1754 pastor of Mather's Congregational, now St. Matthew's 
Presbyterian Church, at Halifax, N. S. Two of his brothers also 
came to the Province about that time, Samuel and Josiah, of 
whom Samuel was treacherously killed by the Indians. From 
these two brothers the Clevelands of Nova Scotia descended. 

Page 70. According to the English law of primogeniture, 
Rufus L. Savery is the representative of the family. For in- 
stance : If the first Thomas, the immigrant, had borne an 
hereditary title, Rufus L. would now be bearing it, and his 
eldest son, Ward W., would be the heir apparent. 

Pages 74, 75, No. 2. Mary Shurtliffe, fourth wife of Deacon 
Thomas Savery, was probably widow of Francis Shurtliffe, and 
mother of Olivia, wife of James Savery, No. 11. 

Pages 75, 76, No. 4. James Savery, who married Mercy, 
daughter of Timothy Burbank, was probably that son of Thomas 
and Priscilla who was killed by falling from a building, 
instead of William as stated. That he so met his death is a 
clear tradition among his descendants. The following is a cor- 
rected record of his children : 

I. Mercy", b. 1776; m. 1797, Seth Morton, seventh in descent 
from George Morton, who, a member of the Pilgrim Society 
at Ley-den, was later their agent in London, and, coming to 
Plymouth in the "Ann." in 1623, was father of Nathaniel 
Morton, long the brilliant secretary of the colony. The 
descent was through Ephraim 2 (second son of George), 
Ephraim 3 , John 4 , Josiah 5 , Seth 6 . Ch. : (1) Seth 7 , b. 1797 ; 
(2) Mercy, b. 1800, m. Antipas Brigham ; (3) William, 
b. 1802; (4) James, b. 1806, m. Pamelia D. Bobbins; 
(5) Betsey, b. 1808; (6) Harriet, b. 1811, in. William Atwood ; 
(7) Henry, b. 1815; (8) Caroline, b. 1818, m. Richard W. 
Holmes. She died aged 96, the instance of greatest longevity 
that I have found in the Old Colony Family. 

11 II. James, b. August, 1777. 

III. Priwilla, twin of James; m. Perez Churchill, and lived in Paris, 
i Ktiird County, Me. No children. 

12 IV. Ruth, b. 1780. 

V. Mary, m. st-pli<-n Greenleaf, and lived in Norway, Oxford, 
County. Mr. 



NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS. XVli 

Page 80, No. 11. James Saveiy. Besides what I have given, 
it should have been noted that he was born late in August, 
1777 ; his wife was probably daughter of Francis Shurtliffe, of 
Carver, by wife Mary, daughter of Nathaniel Shaw ; was a man 
of marked originality and independence of character, and was 
deemed eccentric in his ideas and habits, in many of which he 
was merely ahead of his time, for they are now popular and 
fashionable. The church and community were scandalized by 
his wearing a full long beard, a practice previously unknown 
in the colony, and repugnant to Puritan notions, and he was 
subjected to some persecution by his persistence in the habit. 
He died in 1880, in his eighty-third year. The following is 
a corrected record of his children : 

28 I. William Shurtliffe 7 , b. Aug. 3, 1801. 

II. Susannah Lothrop, b. 1804; d. Jan. 20, 1869. 

III. Mary Shaw, b. 1805 ; d. Aug. 9, 1821. 

IV. James, b. 1807 ; m. Jan. 24, 1833, Almira W. Cushman; no eh. 
V. Thomas, b. 1808; d. Aug. 17, 1831. 

29 VI. Priscilla, b. 1811. 

VII. Benjamin, b. 1813; d. Aug. 4, 1837. 

Page 88, No. 28. William Shurtliffe Savery. Of him it 
should have been added that he was at first a farmer at East 
Middleboro, and afterwards a general merchant at North Carver, 
doing a large business for that day. Although mostly self-edu- 
cated, his knowledge was extensive, and he was a man of "rare 
and excellent qualities " of mind and heart. His first wife died 
Sept. 6, 1843 ; married, second, in the spring of 1845. He was 
elected about this time to the State House of Representatives, 
being for many years an active Whig in politics. 

Page 89, No. 29. Priscilla Savery. Insert year of birth, 1811. 

Pages 111, 112, 113, No. 20. Governor Nathaniel Savory 

married, in 1850, Widow Maria Mazaro ; and died April 10, 

1874. She died Feb. 1, 1890. Besides the children mentioned 

in the text he had : 

VI. Benjamin, b. June 24, 1865. 
VII. Isabella, b. June 11, 1870. 

All the children, except Agues, are liviug on their father's 
domain, Peel Island. 



xviii NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS. 

Page 89, line 14: 

Birth of Wilson Morse; for 1825 read 1835. 

Page 129. Laura Lewis, daughter of William Thomas 5 
Savory and Laura Deland, married Frank L. Wing, of Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., and has children: (1) Richard Belaud 7 ; (2) Helen; 
(3) Borothy. 

Pages 133, 134. The most .important information from Bar- 
badoes reached me after the Genealogy was in press. I have 
no doubt that John, the attorney, and his wife Elizabeth, after- 
wards the testatrix, whose will is in the appendix, were the 
members of the Society of Friends, John and Elizabeth Sa- 
very, who were fined, the former in 1674 and 1678. He may 
have embraced the doctrines of the Friends after he became an 
attorney, for the practice of the law was not a favorite pursuit 
with the early Friends, although in recent times the secular 
avocation and religious profession have been jointly honored in 
the person of Sir Edward Fry, late Lord Justice of the Court 
of Appeal in England. John, grantor in the deed of 1644, 
was very likely the father of the attorney. 

Page 148, note; line three from the bottom ; for " a celebrated 
painter," read " the celebrated painter." To these names may 
be added the notable ones of Abraham Carlyle and John 
Koljerts, Quakers, who were executed in Philadelphia in 1778 
for their assistance to the Royal cause. 

Page 161 fifteenth line from the bottom, for "this refusal " 
read " their refusal." 

Page 181. My authority for the statement that Joseph 
Severy lived for a time in Ipswich or Rehoboth is Tracey's 
History of Sutton." It may- be an error. 

I'.ige 185. Nehemiah, son of John Severy, was born in 
17U7. nut 1769. (Seepage 192.) 

Samr pacr... J ose ph Severy, or Savory, of Tolland, Conn., 

probably married Sarah . 

ge 1 !':'. Mary Ann, daughter of Ira Savory, married 
Asul.rl Cole, Vnr Melina, name of her eldest daughter, read 



NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS. xix 

Melissa. Melissa Cole married - - Bennett, Harlem married 
Helen Leonard, Ira married Mary Hendricks. 

Same page, third line from bottom. Jonathan Savery mar- 
ried at Belfast, Me., Polly Piper, both of Prospect, June 12, 
1812. 

Page 194, lines 1 and 3. The alternative dates were sup- 
plied me by different informants. I do not know which are the 
correct dates. 

Page 205, line 5. For "Francis A.," read " Frances A." 

Page 206, line 21. For "Janes" (daughter of Jonathan M. 
Savory), read " Jane S." 

Page 210. After fifth line add to the children of William 
Franklin Savery and Fanny R., his wife, whose full Christian 
name was Fanny Rosaline : 

V. Birdie, b. Nov. 24, 1873 ; d. June, 1874. 

Page 211, ninth line from the bottom. Marriage of Charles 
A., son of Albert T. Savery, should be 1891, not 1881. 

Page 221, Appendix A, add from Probate records of Berk- 
shire, which joins Wiltshire on the east : 

BERKSHIRE ARCHDEACONRY. Will of William Savery, of North Hiuk- 
sey, 7th October, 1561. Body to be buried in Hinksey Churchyard. Wife 
Margaret to be executrix. Mentions sons William and Thomas, and son- 
in-law Mark. Also daughters Elizabeth, Agnes, and Margaret, and brother 
Harry Savery. Proved November, 1561. 

Will of William Savery, of Stanford-in-the-Vale, County Berkshire, 
husbandman, 4th May, 1573. Body to be buried in Stanford Churchyard; 
daughter Wintildes and son-in-law Holloway ; wife Elinor sole executrix. 
Proved 19th April, 1574. F. 401. 

Will of Henry Savorie, of Goosey, County Berkshire, 29th September, 
1592 ; gentleman. Body to be buried in the Parish Churchyard of Stanford ; 
sous John, Henry, and Thomas, and deceased wife Margaret, also the 
children of John and Thomas Saverie. Executors, Thomas Saverie and 
Thomas Steade, of Abingdon. Proved 26th March, 1595. /. 266. 

Will of John Saverie the elder, of Upper Lambourne, County Berk- 
shire, husbandman. 2d April, 1608. Body to be buried in Churchyard 
at Lambourne. Bequeaths all his property in Upper Lambourne to 
wife Maria for life, she sole executrix; Sous William and John and 
daughter Elizabeth. Proved Oct. 7, 1608. K. 490. 



XX NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS. 

Feb. 15, 1611-12. A commissioii issued to Henry Kempster, of 
Appletoii, a creditor, to administer the goods of Thomas Savery, of Dench- 
worth, deceased. Adm. 81, ii. 

Page 224. Jolin Savery, the testator of Barbadoes, 1805, 
had (as appeal's by his will) sons John and William, and daugh- 
ter Mary, who married Thomas ; and grandsons John Alex- 
ander Savery and George Sanders Savery. Jane was the name 
of the wife of his son John. The only Saverys in Barbadoes 
now are colored people, descended from slaves of former 
Saverys. 



PART L 



THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 



THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

(SAVORY AND SAVARY.) 



IN the title I give precedence to' the form of spelling the 
name used by the majority of those who will be mentioned in 
the work, and nearly universal in the " Old Colony " branch, 
from which I am myself descended, and which is the oldest family 
of the name in America;* and there is better authority for 
" Savery," or " Savory," as an English or American name, than 
there is for " Savary." The latter is distinctively the French 
form, the other two are English forms of the same ancient 
name. In old Norman French the a and the e were almost 
convertible letters. f In the French language there is no 
accent, or, what is the same thing, the accent is equalized over 
all the syllables of a word, with a slight stress on the last, 
while, in the progressive growth and development of the 
English language, a marked accent on a particular syllable, 
generally the antepenult, became in process of time a recog- 
nized rule, bringing with it a tendency to abbreviation. Hence, 
the second or unaccented vowel in this name, not affecting the 
sound, became a matter of no importance, with an ever-recur- 
ring preference for the e, because it practically reduced it to 
two vsyllables. It is interesting to note, however, that in its 
first appearance in those old English records, the Hundred 
Rolls, it is under the form " Savary," John Savary in the 

* My father was the first in his line to adopt the form, which, according to modern 
custom, has passed to me and mine by inheritance. He followed the Hon. George Savary, 
of Bradford, Mass., whose father was the first in his line to adopt it. The change in every 
case was, no doubt, directly or indirectly due to the prominence in the early part of the 
century of the name of Savary, Due de Rovigo, Napoleon's celebrated general and 
minister of police. 

t Bardsley on surnames. 



.-> THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

Hundred of Westbury, county of Wilts being enrolled as a 
juror in the thirty-ninth year of Henry III, A. D. 1255 but 
ever afterwards in these records, as in the early records of New 
Encrland, it is spelt indifferently "Savery" and -Savory, 
with every variety of termination that would give the same 
sound as 'the //. Settled rules for the spelling of surnames 
were unknown or despised until about the beginning of this 
century. In early colonial days learned men on both sides of 
the ocean not only Wrote their names phonetically and .accord- 
ing to each one's ear or taste, but entirely at random, and often 
in several different ways in the same document. So great was 
the diversity in orthography generally, that an eminent author- 
ity on names* suggests that the display of variety in this 
respect may have been considered ornamental, just as a writer 
aiming at elegance to-day would strive to avoid repeating 
the same word or phrase in a sentence. Among the French 
similar differences, but not to so striking an extent, existed in 
respect to this name. In AgnewVs " List of French Protestant 
Exiles in England;' we find not only Matthew and Stephen 
Savary and sons Luke and John, and Danielf Savary, but in 
1701, Elias Savoret, John Savouret, and Zachary Savory. 

The most rational etymology of the name is that given by 
Ferguson in his excellent work on English surnames. He 
makes it a compound of a word in the ancient Teutonic lan- 
guages, " Saba " or " Sabas," a sword (whence our modern 
"sabre "), and the familiar old German termination rih or rich, 
implying rule or dominion, and generally rendered "Prince," 
as in " Heinrich," German, whence " Henry," English, from old 
German, Heim, home' quasi "Prince of home," and 
" Friedrich," German, " Frederic," English, from old Ger- 
man, Fried, peace, meaning u Prince of peace." :f I select 

* Lower. 

t Mentioned In letters of denization reproduced by Mr. Hassam from Sussex records 
In the " Register," Boston, Vol. XXXV., p. *45. 

J Perhaps the true significance is rather that " home," or " peace," " the sword," etc., 
i* ruler or prince, the sentiment being adopted and applied as a proper name. Rich 
or rih is ronmvtrtl with tin- Latin rego. 



THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 3 

these two examples as illustrating the evolution of two distinct 
terminations, y and ic, in names compounded of the same abo- 
riginal rih or rich. The letter b softened into a v made the 
name Savarich, under which form it is found in Central 
Europe to-day.* Thus the name means " Prince of the 
sword." f 

Sabas was a Gothic bishop in the fifth century, mentioned in 
Gibbon's " Decline and Fall," and the name and various com- 
pounds of it existed not only on the Continent, but in England 
before the Norman conquest. It is suggested that the name 
Savage is from this root, Savarich shortened into Savaich, and 
thence modernized to its present less congenial form. Sabe, 
Latinized to Sabinus, would be re-anglified to Sabin, and Sea- 
bright may come from Saebeorht.J 

But the Normans were not only the most martial of the 
northern nations ; they earlier attained a comparatively refined 
and complex civilization, and a more complete and polished 
language. Descended from the vanguard of the pristine 
Germanic tribes, themselves the flower of the Swedes, 
Danes, and Norwegians, they had settled themselves in that 
part of ancient Gaul to which they gave the name indicative 
of their northern origin, learned and improved on the native 
language, and left indelible traces of their conquests and 

*The transition of B to V, in the development of European languages, is well known 
to the linguist. The Greek B has the sound of V in modern Greece. In post-classical 
Latinity such words as mirabile are found written miravile; verbum, vervum, etc., indi- 
cating a change of sound. In Germany the metal is still silber, while it is "silver" in 
England. Any one can observe how children will call marbles, " marvels." In our 
early records learned but careless writers wrote " Marvil Head" for the name of the 
Massachusetts town. 

t A writer on such subjects has suggested for the origin of the name the same root as 
the French Xavier, with the meaning " bright," " brilliant," which has prompted a neat 
ode to the name from the gifted pen of John Savary, Esq., of the Congressional Library, 
Washington. 

| Webster derives the adjective'" savage " from the Armoric, i. e., Breton, " savaich," 
whicli points to the origin of the name, though his suggested connection with the Latin 
sylva is probably fanciful. Lower says the name Savage was brought over to England 
in the train of Isabella, the French consort of Henry II. I might suggest that the loss of 
the r was due to the less perfect enunciation of Frank and Saxon as compared with the 
more correct and polished Norman. Burke, however, assigns a Norman origin to an 
Irish family, armorially identified with a prominent English one of the name. 



4 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

domination around the coasts as far as Italy itself. It was 
soon after their ascendency in England that surnames began 
to be used to permanently distinguish families, and wherever 
the influence of that brilliant race prevailed in an age of war, 
a name of such import, applied to greater or lesser knights and 
chieftains, was sure to be multiplied ; sometimes conferred as a 
title of honor, or mark of military distinction ; sometimes as a 
pramomen, as Savary de Bohun ; then as a cognomen, and 
tinally as a permanent surname, as given or Christian names 
developed into surnames, as we understand the significance of 
surnames in modern times. But except in honor of a family 
alliance, of which there have been many instances in Massa- 
chusetts, it has not been so fortunate in retaining its hold as a 
Christian name, as many others of cognate derivation (notably 
the two I have cited), which are still favorites in the homes of 
Western Europe and America. Perhaps it dropped out of use 
when, in the " ages of faith," it became the rule to give the 
new-born child the name of a tutelar saint, no Savary having 
attained the distinction of canonization. 

The Normans were probably the first to plant the name in 
Holland and Flanders, countries which produced the distin- 
guished painters and engravers, John, Roland, and Solomon 
Savery, born in the sixteenth century. 

A Roeland Savery from Holland visited the New Nether- 
lands in the service of the Dutch West India Company in 
1654, and in the records of the Reformed Dutch Church at 
New York is noted, A. D. 1675, the baptism of Franciscus, son 
of Leendert Savara, and Jeanne ttie Stevens, his wife. Per- 
haps the earliest occurrence of the name in regular history 
is in Daru's " Histoire de la Bretagne," p. 334, where it is 
recorded that Duke Conan III., in the early part of the twelfth 
century, set himself to chastise the nobles of Brittany for their 
cruel exactions from the peasantry, in the course of which he 
driw.lished the mansion of Savary, Viscount of Donges, and 
(MM i tii MM! in the tower of Nantes, Oliver of Pontchan train, who 



THE S AVERT FAMILIES. 5 

had become the tyrant of his country." It would be interest- 
ing to know whether the unhappy noble fled from his desolated 
domain to that ever-hospitable asylum, England,* there to found 
that Devonshire family of Savery or Savory, which it is said 
"came originally out of Brittany," and, as so often happens, 
reversed the traditions of the name in later generations. Daru 
tells us that when William invaded Englandf " several Breton 
nobles, whom the civil troubles of their province had allied to 
the interests of this foreign prince,:): accompanied him." We 
know that the Conqueror rewarded his followers with large 
estates, and (translating again from Daru, pp. 306-308), " The 
immense fortunes so suddenly acquired excited the cupidity of 
these transmarine people so that they rushed to the newly con- 
quered island as it were to a new world which belonged to 
every new-comer." The Northmen had obtained a foothold in 
Brittany as early as A. D. 912, and about the year 990 the 
Norman Geoffroi, Count of Rermes, assumed the title of Duke 
of Bretagne. At the time of the conquest many of the nobles 
of Brittany were of Norman origin ; to which fact the name of 
"Savary" in that province was unquestionably due. Doubt- 
less Bretons of all classes mixed their blood in some degree 
with the Norman element which infused itself into the South 
and Southwest of England, as Britain herself had contributed 
to Brittany in the fifth and sixth centuries. 

Brittany was not then politically a part of France. Their 
national fortunes, blended for a while, had parted, and the val- 
iant dukes of Normandy and their dauntless followers had 
practically wrested their own country from the control of the 
Carlovingian kings ; and even if the goodly Devonshire tree, 
instead of the still older Norman-English trunk, had sent out 
our New England offshoots, it would be erroneous to say that 
we are of French extraction. The Normans of that day were 
as distinct from the various tribes or races that made up the 

*Sub anno 938, Daru says, " L'Angleterre etait aloral'asyle des Princes detroncs." 
t A century earlier than the occurrence just related. 
t"Ce prince etranger." 



6 THE SAVBRY FAMILIES. 

French nation, *us they were from the Saxons whom they crossed 
the channel to subdue. They were more nearly allied to the 
Danes than to the Franks, and all were equally distant from 
the Celts, who once held both Gaul and Britain. The name is 
by no means peculiarly a French one, and where we find it in 
France it is largely due to the influence of the Norman race ; 
and it is surely inaccurate to assign a French extraction to an 
American family whose ancestors were part of the English 
people tefore the advent of the Huguenots. The centuries 
preceding that immigration were the formative period of the 
English character and language. Tennyson could not have 
said, " Saxon and French and Dane are we." * 

It is an historical fact not always sufficiently considered in 
English ethnology, that for a century or two after the accession 
of William the Conqueror a copious and unbroken stream of 
Norman migration poured into England. The author of a very 
learned and interesting work, " The Norman People and their 
Descendants in England and America,"! proves that this result 
of the conquest gave the so-called Anglo-Saxon race an admix- 
ture of fully one third Norman blood. To this source he traces 
in England and America ver}^ many French names erroneously 
assigned by their modern bearers to a Huguenot origin. 

From translations of Wendover's Chronicle (Bonn's edition) 
it appears that in 1176 one Savary with Nicholas and Herbert 
was appointed Archdeacon by Richard, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, and in 1192, Savary, Archdeacon of Northampton, was 
elected Bishop of Bath. In 1194, Savaric^ Bishop of Bath, 
with others was delivered by King Richard I. to the Emperoi 
Henry VI. as " hostage " for the remainder of the money due 
for his ransom, and for the keeping of the peace towards the 

* " Saxon and Norman and Dane are we, 
But all are Danes in our welcome of thee." 

. . TENNYSON, to the Princess of Wales. 

t Anonymous. H. S. King & Co., London, 1874. 

:oii-Tve here both terminations y and c given to the same name before notec 
a* falling to different modern names of the same primal formation. Translations intc 
Latin uixl re-tranHlations into English at different epochs or by different writers maj 
have settled the rule differently in respect to different names. 



THE S A VERY FAMILIES. 7 

Emperor. Later on we find that Henry, Emperor of the 
Romans, sent Savaric, Bishop of Bath, his " relative and Chan- 
cellor," from Burgundy to Richard, king of England, to offer 
to restore to him his ransom. He was probably of Norman 
birth. 

From the " Norman People " I gather that the name Peter 
Savore appears in Norman records in 1180 and 1198. I 
find Richard Savaria in the Canterbury rolls, England, 1202 ; 
John Savary (Johes, abbreviated from the Latin Johannes) 
in Westbury, Wilts, 1255 ; and Laurence cle Savore and Rich- 
ard Saveri, the former of Somersetshire, the latter of Leicester- 
shire, in other Hundred Rolls, 1272. In the fourteenth cen- 
tury the name occurs as legatee in a will in Lincolnshire and 
as executor of a will at Bristol. In 1433, Thomas Savery, of 
Yeovil, Somerset, occurs in a list of Winchester scholars. 
Everything indicates that the name, as a family name, origi- 
nated in Wiltshire or one of the immediately adjacent counties, 
and thence re-enforced, perhaps, by Norman accessions, soon 
spread all over England, as it was at the same time spreading 
over France, becoming about equally common in both countries, 
and prevailing in France more among the aristocracy, in Eng- 
land more among the yeomanry and artisan class. As the name 
does not appear in " Domesday Book," it must have come into 
England between the year 1086 and the last quarter of the 
following century. 

THE NAME ix FRANCE. 

The facts recorded in Worcester's " Chronicle," p. 315, that 
in 1212 Savary de Mauleon. rose in arms against John of 
England in Poictiers, and that Pierre Savary was one of the 
arbitrators or ambassadors on behalf of the French king in 
negotiating the peace which followed, remind us that there 
have been French families of the name of great renown, notably 
that of Touraine, which has given "to France from a very 



8 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

remote period a continuous and brilliant line of generals, 
diplomatists, statesmen, ecclesiastics. A branch of this family, 
known as 4% de Savaiy," were Seigneurs of the Isle Savary in 
the Inde. The arms of this family, or of a branch of it, are 
given in " Le Dictionnaire de la Noblesse," tome 18, as " e'cartele' 
d'argent et sable " (quarterly argent and sable). Savary, Due 
de Kovigo, Napoleon's minister of police and most devoted 
adherent, according to the " Nobiliare Universelle," par M. Le 
Vicomte de Magny, tome 4, Avas born in Champagne. Arms : 
" D'azur, dn chevron d'or accoste en chef de deux mollettes 
d'e'pe'ron d'argent, et en pointe, d'un sabre de cavalarie pose* 
en pal, d'argent. Couronne de Due." Most of the celebrated 
French authors and artists of the name in recent times have 
been natives of Brittany. 

MODERN ENGLISH FAMILIES. 

( )f these. Burke, in the last edition of his " General Armory," 
and " Baronetage," mentions as bearing coat armor the follow- 
ing : - 

1. 

SAVAKY. Certified in 1799. Arms: "Az. a chevron or, 
betw. two roses in chief of +he last and a lion ramp, in base ar. 
on a chief gu. a crescent betw. two estoiles of the third. Crest 

- A cubit arm in armor holding in the hand all ppr. a sword 
erect ar. hilt and pommel or, enfiled on the blade with a boar's 
head erased, also ppr. Motto : 4 Nocentes prosequor.' " The 
features of the arms and crest in common with De Rovigo 
point to a cognate origin ; but perhaps it would be strained to 
connect the sword in each with the original significance of the 
name. This family, I learn, was founded by a noble Huguenot 

Perigord, who, at the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, fled 
Low Countries, where he allied his fortunes to those of 
the Prince of Orange, and following him to England, settled in 
Kent. 



THE S A VERY FAMILIES. 9 

2. 

SAVER Y. Arms : " Quarterly or and azure ; a bend gules." 

3. 

SAVORY. " Paly of six argent and vert a chief sable " (not 
very dissimilar from those of de Savary). Crest "A hand 
holding a chapeau betw. two branches of laurel in orle, all ppr." 

4. 

SAVERY OR SAVORY, OF DEVONSHIRE. Arms : " Gules, a fess. 
vair betAv. three unicorns' heads couped or." Crest " A heron's 
(sometimes an eagle's) head erased ar betAv. two wings displayed 
sable, holding in the beak an olive branch vert." Motto : 
" Aut vita libera aut mors gloriosa." The latter is no doubt of 
modern adoption, perhaps dating from the great civil Avar. 
This, the most celebrated family of the name that England 
has produced, seems to have been founded by John Savery, of 
Halberton, in 1501. It gave a member or members to Parlia- 
ment for forty consecutive years. Christopher Savery, son and 
heir of Sir Christopher Savery, knight, high sheriff of Devon, 
was an active colonel in the Parliamentary army. The Rev. 
Servington Savery Avas a patron of the great literary genius, 
Gifford, Avhen the latter Avas an indigent youth. Gifford, in 
his characteristic autobiography, speaks of him in terms of 
affectionate gratitude. 

But the most illustrious member of this family Avas Thomas 
Savery of Shilston, " Captain of Engineers," Avhose merits as 
the true inventor of the steam engine, long eclipsed by the 
later glory of Watt, are now receiving a tardy recognition. I 
claim for him, as the first Avho constructed a real working en- 
gine, the right to a statue in Westminster Abbey, beside, or 
in a more conspicuous place than, those of Bolton and Watt; 
for it is no extravagant conjecture that if he had not lived, Ave 
would have been yet without the steam engine in its develop- 
ment of to-day. As a century might have elapsed, in the then 



10 THE S A VERY FAMILIES. 

state of human knowledge, before a counterpart of Columbus had 
discovered a New World, so Bolton and Watt might have lived 
and died without any existing machine on which to devote the 
resources of their genius and industry for its improvement and 
perfection. The steam engine did not, like the fabled Minerva, 
issue all armed and panoplied from the brain of any earthly 
Jove. Savery 's genius conceived and brought forth the infant 
prodigy : they were the later and most famous of several gen- 
erations of foster parents who nurtured and trained its expand- 
ing powers into their sublime maturity. And as the tendency 
of everything in nature is to grow, and multiply itself, so in 
the world of science, machinery, moved by the giant energy of. 
steam, was required for the construction of still more pon- 
derous and powerful engines, till they culminated in those iron 
monsters that now so marvellously minister to the insatiable 
wants of man. Columbus is honored before Amerigo Ves- 
puccio or Jacques Cartier ; and let not the laurels which belong 
to Savery 's brow adorn those of Bolton and Watt.* 

5. 

SAVORY. Arms granted to Sir Joseph Savory, recently 
Lord Mayor of London, and in 1887 sheriff of Middlesex : 
"Paly of six or and vert on a chevron ermine 3 cross crosslets- 
fitchde sable a chief gules." He is the eldest son of the late 
Joseph Savory, Esq., of Buckhurst Park, Berkshire, and comes 
from a family whose leading members have been for generations 
prominent as silversmiths, goldsmiths, and bullion dealers at 
Cornhill, London. Many of them have been active and influ- 
ential members of the Society of Friends, of whom Joseph 
Savory was the friend of the eminent American minister of the 
gospel, William Savery, and will be mentioned in his biography 
hereafter; Anna Savory was the friend, and for a time at least 

- account of the invention of the steam engine by Thomas Savery and of his 
tluM- n ve n it on,, from Smile.'. ' Lives of Bolton and Watt," in Appendix B. It will be 

S, a.uro Im !T ibUity of ' aki "K ">* engine strong enough was the cause of 
failure to inert thr p urpo-i-s it was intended for. 



THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 



11 



co-worker with the minister, and like him a correspondent of 
Elizabeth Fry ; and Hester Savory was the Quaker maiden 
whose early death Charles Lamb deplored in a tender poem.* 
Sir Joseph claims a Huguenot descent, but may, however, have 
no better authority for it than the prevalent error that the 
name is necessarily French. The family can be traced back in 
Wandsworth and Kingston, Surrey, on the records of the 
Friends, to the year 1696, only eleven years after the revocation 
of the Edict of Nantes. There are indications on the same 
records of members of the family being settled in Kent as 
early as that date. Peter Savery was returned to Parliament 
for the borough of Southwark in Surrey in 6 Henry VI., 1427 ; 
and although a colony of Protestant Walloons had come to 
Wandsworth in 1570, and established a church there in 1573, 
it is not unlikely that this family also is of Norman English 
yeoman origin, perhaps descended through the intervening 
county of Berks from the same Wiltshire family from which I 
deduce the Saverys of America. Sir Joseph, through a female 
ancestor, is descended from King Edward I.f 

6. 

SAVORY. Arms granted to Sir William Schofield Savory, 
the eminent surgeon : k 'Argent 2 pallets betiveen flanches vert, 



* When maidens such as Hester die, 
Their place ye may not well supply, 
Though ye among a thousand try, 
With vain endeavor. 

A month or more hath she been dead, 
Yet cannot I by force be led 
To think upon the wormy bed, 
And her together. 

A springy motion in her gait, 
A rising step, did indicate 
Of pride and joy no common rate, 
That flushed her spirit. 

I know not by what name beside 
I shall call it if 'twas not pride, 
It was a joy to that allied, 
She did inherit. 



Her parents held the Quaker rule, 
Which doth the human feeling cool, 
But she was trained in nature's school ; 
Nature had blest her. 

A waking eye, a prying mind, 
A heart that stirs is hard to bind, 
A hawk's keen sight ye cannot blind, 
Ye could not Hester. 

My sprightly neighbor! gone before 
To that unknown and silent shore, 
Shall we not meet, as heretofore, 
Some summer morning, 

When from thy cheerful eyes a ray 
Hath struck a bliss upon the day, 
A bliss that would not go away, 
,A sweet forewarning? 



t Foster's "Noble and Gentle Families of Royal Descent." 



12 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

on a chief sable, a staff entwined by a serpent proper." He 
was son of William Henry Savory of the city of London, 
probably the t>ne who appears in the Directory of 1820 as a 
"fish factor" at Love Lane. 

An original document, temp. Henry VIII., shows that one 
Henry Savory, a party to it, then of Southampton, was born 
a subject of France. William Savery, age 25, was among the 
passengers of the ship " Globe " of London, Blackwell, master, 
to Virginia, in 1035. July 2, 1060, Bridget Busby, widow 
of Nicholas, of Boston, mentions in a deed her daughter 
Catherine, wife of William Savery of Norwich, England. In 
Barbadocs the name appeared soon after its advent to New 
England, coupled with several Christian names common in both 
migrations. The name Anthony, rare among the Pilgrims and 
Puritans of that day, but common to the Wiltshire and Plym- 
outh County Saverys, appears to me very suggestive of a 
kinship: but as I suspect that the Philadelphia family de- 
scended from this source, it will be expedient to treat of the 
name in Barbadoes elsewhere and more in detail. 

THE NAME ix NEW EXCJLAND. 

The fiftieth name on the first list of freemen of Plymouth 
Colony, 1033, is Anthony Savery, repeated in a longer list of 
1030-7, and again in a list of 1039.* Opposite the name on 
this list is the word -dead/' but he is mentioned in the records 
until as late as 1042. 

The second occurrence of the name is that of Thomas Savory 
in April, 1034, as one of that ill-advised expedition organized 
by Howland, then one of the governor's assistants, to dislodge 
the alleged intruder Hocking from his trading position on the 
KenneW Uiver, which he held, it was said, in defiance of the 
chartered rights of Plymouth Colony. Hocking refusing to 
depart when summoned, Savory was ordered, with John Frish 

Wrongly printed " l:w, a* a close look at the MS. shows. 






THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 13 

and William Reimoles, to " cut his cables," and succeeded in 
cutting one, "but were drifted away from the other by the 
strength of the streme." Mr. Rowland, seeing they could not 
reach it, " called him abord and bid Moses Talbot goe with 
them, who went very reddily and brought the canow to Hock- 
ing's cable." But Hocking then came on deck with a "carbine 
and a pistole in his hand and p r sently p'sented his peece at 
Thomas Savory ; but the canow with the tide was put nere the 
bow of the barque, w v]l Hocking seeing p r sently put his peece 
almost to Moyses Talbott's head, \v ch M r Howland seeing called 
to him desiering him not to shut his man but to take himselfe 
for his mark," saying " his men did but that which Ire com- 
manded them." Hocking, however, fired and shot Talbot, and 
was himself immediately killed by a shot from Rowland's 
"barke." Bradford in his journal calls this affair one of the 
saddest things which befell them since they came. Governor 
Winthrop deplores it as " much condemned by all men," and 
which u brought us all and the gospel under a common reproach 
of cutting one another's throats for beaver." John Alden, the 
Puritan magistrate, was present, and was arrested and put 
'under bonds for his appearance to answer for his complicity in it 
when required. An investigation by the proper authorities in 
England disclosed that Hocking was really a trespasser; and 
therefore the assault on him was technically justified, though 
none the less injudicious and reprehensible. But it came near 
making this genealogy impossible. 

The next mention of the name is among the passengers of 
the. "Mary and John," who took the oaths of allegiance and 
supremacy exacted before leaving England on the 24th day of 
March, 1633, which in old style was the last day of the year. 
Thomas Savery is the twelfth on the list, and William Savery 
the twentieth. They arrived at Ipswich in May, 1634, after a 
passage of about five or six weeks. Savage, in his " Genealogi- 
cal Dictionary," betrays a strange carelessness in confounding 
this second Thomas with the Plymouth man so often and favor- 



14 THE SAYERY FAMILIES. 

ably mentioned in Old Colony affairs. But however unsavory 
the tale told by the Ipswich records of this new-comer, we are 
left in the dark as to the precise nature or degree of his offence. 
It was certainly in part of an ecclesiastical character, for it took 
place k> in the time of exercise." We know that bitter dissen- 
sions existed in the early church at Ipswich, by which some 
account for the loss of the church books, their destruction 
prompted, it is supposed, by a desire to bury the scandal. In a 
small community aiming at an ideal perfection iii faith and 
morals, the administration of church and state was blended, 
and the most venial delinquencies were regarded with a 
microscopic eye: while the alternative of whipping (and even 
sometimes death) or banishment was presented as the dread 
penalty of a too aggressive religious heterodoxy. That this 
Thomas was not a bad man is proved by the fact that immedi- 
ately after his second and more serious escapade, he removed to 
Newport, U. I., with Coddington, one of the earliest champions 
of freedom of religious thought in the New World, who under- 
took after his own way to found a colony which was to be 
"judged and guided by the laws of Christ"; of which it must 
be confessed those of Massachusetts Bay were but a travesty/ 
In a list of - Inhabitants admitted at the town of Nieuport Since 
30 th 3 r " mo. 1038" (K. 1. Hist, Coll., Vol. I., p. 92), the name 
"Thomas Sauorie " occurs next before that of Hugh Durdall. 
Turning back to p. 48 of the volume just cited, we find a 
receipt from the Indian Washaganeeset witnessed by Hugh 
Durdall and Thomas Saber y, the latter signing by mark, for 
money paid by Coddington and his friends for ground broken 
up. or any other title, etc., of the island of Aquedneck. I 
find no trace of him after his settlement at Newport, nor any 
indication that he left posterity. Requiescat in pace. 

Of his companion William we find no further mention, but, 
as we will show hereafter, no doubt he removed to Newbury 
with the Ipswich people, and was the father of Robert, the 
undoubted progenitor of the Kssex County Savorys. 



THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 15 

Several distinct traditions in the Plymouth branches repre- 
sent the early Saverys as remarkable for greatness of stature, 
aquiline or Roman nose, and black hair contrasting with blue 
eyes ; * and I have met with striking examples of these physi- 
cal traits in both families. f 

Farmer, in his " Genealogical Register of the Early Settlers 
of New England," A'. D. 1829, says of the Pilgrims, Thomas 
and Anthony, that they u came from Slade in Devonshire 
before 1640." Savage, in his later and more elaborate work, 
says that no such place Avas found by him. It is, however, the 
name of the manor or family seat of a branch of the Saverys of 
Devonshire, situated in the then parish of Plympton, St. Mary, 
now partly in Cornwood, but the first of the name who lived 
there was Richard, of Willing, in Rattery, who, succeeding his 
father at Willing in 1618, afterwards removed to Slade, and 
died there in 1646.J A faint oral tradition of a Devonshire 
origin has come down in one line, but I failed to trace it to any 
source early enough to give it value, and a thorough search of 
Devonshire parish records and wills absolutely discredits it, 

*Some ethnologists consider this contrast indicative of a Norman extraction. In 
some places in Great Britain the Norman blood has been preserved in more purity than 
in others, and so with Welsh and Danish, while other communities are more purely 
Saxon. The Normans who invaded the South and West of England were distinguished 
from their cognate race, the Danes of the North and East, by darker hair and less florid 
complexion, while both preserved the truces cerulei oculi, noted by Tacitus in the ancient 
Teutonic tribes. The Normans probably had to some extent, during a southern resi- 
dence, mixed their blood with people who had inherited a darker complexion by an 
earlier admixture with remnants of the primitive Basque or Iberian race, hemmed in or 
driven to the seacoast in a still more remote age by the. advancing Celts. 

fThe following interesting anecdote, told me by my father, I give for what it is 
worth : Once, on visiting Eastport, he met a former neighbor then residing there, who 
related that he had recently seen a gentleman on the street, whose gait in walking was 
so much like that of his (my father's) father, that it excited his curiosity to discover who 
he was, and he learned, on inquiry, that he was the Hon. George Savary, of Bradford, 
Mass., whose record as sixth from Robert, of Newbury, will appear in its proper place. 
If there is anything in physical type to prove kinship after so long descent and so many 
intermarriages, it connects the Plymouth, Essex County, and New Hampshire families of 
this name. The late Dr. Charles A. Savory, of Lowell, whom I cannot trace to Robert, of 
Newbury, or Thomas, of Plymouth, bore a striking resemblance to my late father in 
every particular, except those in which my father differed from the original typical 
Saverys. The doctor had the commanding stature and aquiline nose, which my father 
had not, but which his father, my grandfather, had. 

1 1 have lately found another Slade near Sidmouth, Devon, but no trace of a Savery in 
the parish. 



1(3 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

disclosing no trace in that county of any Anthony Savery 
whatever, and none of any Thomas who could be identified 
with the early immigrants. It is, however, an historical fact 
that the passengers by the " Mary and John " were from Wilt- 
shire or places on its borders, and were influenced in their 
migration by their devotion to the person and ministry of the 
celebrated Rev. Robert Parker, of Newbury, Berkshire, whose 
early home was near Hanington, Wilts ; and a search in the 
records of that parish, while it does not give me any Thomas 
and William whom I can clearly indentify as the Thomas and 
William of the " Mary and John, gives" me a Thomas and an 
Anthony answering to those of that name who appeared at 
Plymouth the year before. The names of Thomas and Anthony 
are frequently mentioned together in the Old Colony records, 
and in such a way in the later records as if they lived together, 
occurring jointly in 1642 in an allotment of cattle, Thomas 
always having precedence, as if the elder ; so ive infer they were 
brothers. 

On May 1, 1598, Robert Savery was buried at Hanington, 
and on the 15th his will, in which he is styled husbandman, 
was proved by his widow Joan. He left his u free lands " to 
his son Thomas, and 40*. each to his u three brothers, Richard, 
Thoma* and Anthonie" but does not say where these brothers 
lived. I infer tjiat Thomas was his only son, and he must have 
remained at Hanington, on the paternal acres devised to him. 
The records of all the neighboring parishes in Wiltshire, and 
over the border, in Berks, contain abundant mention of the 
name, but some records do not extend back quite so far as 
these of Hanington, while the latter do not, until a considerably 
later date, give the parentages in case of baptism, or the ages 
at death in case of burials. But on Jan. 26, 1596, Thomas 
Savory, who it seems certain was this only son of Robert, married 
Mary Woodrorke, and I find, in due course, a Robert Savory chris- 
tened May 14, 1598. That this child should have been given 
the iiamr of his father's father was in accordance with a cus- 



THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 17 

torn almost universal in those days.* Next in 1601, March 4 
(1602, new style), less than two years after Robert's birth, 
" Thomas Savory the younger " was baptized ; the younger, I 
think, indicates that his father's name also was Thomas. 
Again, Feb. 8, 1603 (1604, new style), Thomas Savory was 
baptized, Thomas Savory, Sr., and William Batson, Jr., being 
godfathers. This godfather may have been the brother Thomas 
mentioned in the will of Robert. A Thomas Savory (whether 
this now old man, or one of these infants does not appear) was 
buried Feb. 17, 1604, and an " Anthonie Savorie " was baptized 
Jan. 20, 1605 (1606, new style). There is the strongest 
probability that one of these infant Thomases and this Anthony 
were the brothers (second and third sons of Thomas Savory 
and Mary Woodrorke, and grandsons of the testator Robert), 
who came to Plymouth in the wake of the Pilgrim fathers. 
If I could find the descendants of their great-uncle Anthony, 
mentioned in Robert's will, I should expect to find in one of 
his grandchildren the Anthony who died in Barbadoes in 1682, 
while among the later descendants of this younger Robert, or 
of his great-uncle Richard, might perhaps be found the Robert 
who appears in Portsmouth, N. H., in 1746. Richard and 
Robert, sons of Richard, were born at Hanington in 1650 and 
1654, respectively, a circumstance that repeated itself in or 
near Portsmouth or Seabrook, N. H., about 1781 and 1783. 
There were several William Saverys at Hanington, and one 
at least at Lambourne, Berkshire, about thirteen miles distant, 
about this period ; the names Thomas and William, Thomas and 
Anthony, William and Robert, Robert and Richard, run alter- 
nately as of father and son, or in couples as of brothers, all 
through these Hanington and adjacent records, while the 
name Humphrey also was common, one of that name who was 
buried at Hanington, July 13, 1615, mentioning in his will, 
dated June 20, and proved Nov. 27 of that year, his eldest 
son Thomas (suggesting that his father's name was Thomas), 

* In Wales, David ap John ap David ap John, and so on, often runs back many 
generations. 



18 THE S A VERY FAMILIES. 

and his youngest son Richard, and John Savery, of Farrington, 
and Catherine Savery. All these names, except Thomas, 
which was common everywhere, and Anthony, a favorite 
among Roman Catholics, were distinctively Norman names ; and 
while .the Essex County and younger New Hampshire branch 
preserved most of them as family names, the Plymouth family 
retained only those of the immigrant ancestors, seeming to turn 
their backs upon all the traditions of their fathers as soon as 
they touched the New World. In 1637, Thomas Savory was 
churchwarden of Hanington. The family was allied by inter- 
marriage to one of Marsh, at one time of considerable note in 
the parish, one of whom, Rev. Triptolemus Marsh, D. D., 
liecame Archbishop of Dublin. From this family, therefore, as 
so many offshoots or scions from a parent tree, still well rep- 
resented on the old soil, I deduce all of the name who are 
treated in the ensuing pages, except those shown to be descended 
from the Severits or Severys, of Marblehead, including the 
Philadelphia family, provided I am correct in my matured 
opinion that the undoubted ancestor of the latter was born in 
Barbadoes. 

Anthony Savery evidently died in or soon after the year 
1(542, and I find no trace of his leaving any children. The 
births of none appear in the records, and I think he was un- 
married, unless the Mary Savery, who in 1661 married Joseph 
Ramsden, when Thomas's daughter Mary was but seven years 
old, was his widow.* Still it is possible that he may have been 
married, and the father of a Joseph, mentioned hereafter. 

* She was Ramsden's second wife, he having first married, 1646, Rachel, daughter . 
Francis Eaton. 






THOMAS SAVORY, THE PILGRIM. 19 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. 



THOMAS SAVORY, THE PILGRIM. 

Son, as I think, of Thomas Savory and Mary Woodrorke, and 
grandson of Robert Savory of Hanington, Wiltshire, England, 
who died in 1598. The next mention of his name in Old 
Colony records is in Pierce's colony lists (Company rolls, 
p. 73), containing names of all male persons residing in Plymouth 
Colony able to perform military duty, i. e., between 16 and 60 
years of age, in April, 1643, " as shewn by the special return 
of an actual examination and inspection made at that time." 
In 1641 we find he sold a house at Squerrill to Josiah Pratt. 
" Squerrill hill " is supposed to have been on Summer Street, 
near the site of the rolling mills in modern Plymouth. In 
deeds he is always styled " Planter." In 1646 he had a differ- 
ence " about a canoe " with William Bradford, who was ordered 
by the court to pay him five shillings. From 1644 to 1650 he 
is often mentioned as custodian of the cattle kept at the public 
expense for the benefit of the poor.* In 1652, "Thomas 
Savory is endented with by the Court to serve in the office of 
under-Marshall, and to have 20 nobles per annum besides his 
ordinary fees." On the 2d August, 1653, Thomas and his wife 
Anne covenanted with Thomas Lettice that Thomas Savory, 
Jr., " aged 5 years or thereabouts on the 15 th day of March " 
previous, should remain with him as an apprentice till the age 

*ln 1623, Mr. Wlnslow had visited England, and returning in 1624 brought with him 
the first cattle introduced into the colony, consisting of a bull and three heifers. One 
of the latter, sent by Mr. Shirley, a warm friend of Jhe colony, was to be held, with its 
increase, for the benefit of the poor. 



20 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

of 21. This document, found in Vol. II., Part I., p. 71, of 
the Registry of Deeds, Plymouth,' contains the autograph 
signature 



We are surprised at the apprenticeship of a child so young, 
but it was quite in accord with the custom of the times. So 
we find John, son of Samuel Eddy, not yet eight years old, ap- 
prenticed to Francis Gould, April 3, 1645.* " Happy is the 
man who hath his quiver full of them." Was it a rule of 
brotherly love among our Pilgrim fathers to share a plethora 
of such blessings with friends or kindred less highly favored? 

Again, on the third day of November, 1653, they indenture a 
son Benjamin to John Shaw and Alice his wife, he being "9 
years old in March next ensuing." In 1655 he was granted 
" one share " of land for his children in the "Major's purchase." 
On the 2d of March, 1657, he and his wife again indenture 
Benjamin to Stephen Bryant, describing him as " 13 years old 
this present month." He is to be " instructed in husbandry,'* 
and to receive 5 stg. at the end of his term. 

That our immigrant ancestor was intrusted with the manage- 
ment of very important affairs appears by the following ex- 
tract from the accounts found due by the colony in the report of 
Major Josias Winslow, Mr. Josias Winslow, Sr., and Nathaniel 
Bacon. 



1660. 13 June 

To Thomas Sauory by the countreye's order . . . 14. 10. 
More paied by him for charges of taking up, driueing, 
grasing of the countreye's cattle for horse hier att 
seuerall times for money paied on account of trooping 
horses and seuerall other charges p'ticularly appeer- 
ing in his accounts ' . 214. 13. 4 

* K.ldy Family Genealogy, p. 102. 



THOMAS SAVORY, THE PILGRIM. 21 

From this it would appear that he was commissioned to buy 
horses for the use of the colonial troops in the Indian wars. 
Again we find in these accounts : 

More to Thomas Sauory by the countres order . 20. 00. 00 

And again in 1661, 10th of June, appears among other items 
due by the colony : 

To Thomas Savory yet unpaid . . . . . 5. 18. 1 

Similar mentions of sums due him at various times occur. 

In 1661, Jan. 4, Thomas Savory sells to Zachariah Eddy 
a piece of land lying near Whetstone's Vineyard in Major's 
purchase, abounded on or near where Eddy lives. 

On the 20th of February, 1662, Thomas Savory makes over 
to Samuel Eddy (who it will be seen was his brother-in-law) 
land commonly called and known as Point Puncateeset, lying 
over and against Pond Island, for and in lieu of a piece of land 
belonging to the said Samuel Eddy, lying near Four-mile Brook 
in the township of Plymouth, also a piece of upland lying and 
being near Fresh Lake. 

On the 21st of February, 1663, ten acres of land were granted 
to Thomas Savory " at the foure mile brook lying next unto his 
other land there." By a record dated March 22, same year, 
" the several lots on Puncateeset Neck are described : 3 rd lot is 
on the West side of the South Point bounded on the south end 
with a walnut stake standing at the highway side betwixt 2 nd 
lot and this ; at the North end butteth to the highway at the 
Cove as far as a white thorn bush ; at the east side bounded 
with the highway ; at the West side with the sea and fogland 
beach." This record is under the names of Thomas Savory and 
Samuel Eddy. On the sixth day of March, 1665, we find 
another autograph signature as witness to an administration 
bond.* 





* These signatures are a little reduced. 



22 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

In May, same year, he became surety for the good behavior 
of John Barlow, who being charged with an offence against 
good morals, protested his innocence. July 10, 1667, he sold 
to Zachariah Eddy thirty acres adjoining land on which the 
latter then lived at Middleboro. 

On the seventh day of June, 1670, with the usual strong and 
expressive adjectives unfortunately used by our stern old fore- 
fathers to emphasize every adverse record, we find that Thomas- 
Savory was dismissed from his office of under-marshal for lack 
of vigilance in his care of prisoners, " especially by letting of 
one Joseph Turner,* committed to him as his prisoner make his- 
escape from him to the great offence of the Court and country ; 
the said Turner being found guilty of many abominable crimes, 
and had received his demerits had he not made his escape as 
aforesaid." But on a petition of the inhabitants for his rein 
statement, the court, as early as the 5th of the following 
month, was "persuaded ... to admit him to his place 
again," and he evidently held the office until his death. 
Finally, on the 7th of March, 1676, his widow Ann proves his- 
will, dated April 1, 1674. 

The last Will and Testament of Thomas Savory Senior. I give my 
soule to him that gave it and my body to a decent burial. And next 1 give 
to Anne my dearly beloved wife all that estate that I have that is to say 
my house and lands both uplands and meddows with all my mouables in 
the house and belonging to the house or all that appeares to be mine from 
any other thus I say and will and give to Anne my deare wife, shee to pay 
all my debts, and I desire my deare wife to consider my son Aaron att her 
decease if she have anything left, and the Reasons why I give all to my 
wife is because I have little my debts being payed; 1 leave her sole admin- 
istrator and executor. THOMAS SAVORY. 
Witness. 

Samuel Dunham. 

John Richard. 

The inventory comprised, inter alia, " land at 4 mile Brook,. 
12," "Bible and psalm book," and "other books"; "house 

* Turner was probably son of Humphrey Turner, one of the founders of the church 
In Scituate, and hie "crimes" would In our eyes probably seem mere peccadillos. 



THOMAS SAVORY, THE PILGRIM. 23 

and land upland and meadow and orchard and plough land, 
9 acres at hand and 5 more lying at the fishing point, and 3 
score acres lying at 4 mile brook, and 4 acres of meddow lying 
att the four mile brook." 

Thus looms up through the vista of a quarter of a millennium 
the venerable figure of our first American ancestor. It pro- 
jects from incidents, most of them insignificant of themselves, 
but magnified to us by the mists of time through which we 
would fain estimate his character. As a youth, we see him 
ready to offer his life in the discharge of a duty laid on him b}^ 
his superior in civil authority. That he disbursed large sums 
of money for the infant commonwealth with fidelity and honor, 
the public accounts, and his pathetic testamentary allusion to 
his own slender means, amply prove. No temptation to turn 
this to his own profit ever overcame him. The records do not 
lack indication that he was not always in outward deportment 
a Puritan "after the straitest manner" of his sect. Of pure 
motives and strict probity, his failings, like those of Gold- 
smith's country parson, " leaned to virtue's side." We can 
imagine him exceptionally genial in manners, and perhaps im 
prudently trustful of others because strictly faithful and true 
himself ; while the family Bible and psalm book, never wanting 
in his household, attest his devotional feeling, and that his was 
the language of old, " yet I will rejoice in the Lord, I will joy 
in the God of my salvation." He was evidently better edu- 
cated than the mass of his contemporaries, and although not 
among the leaders of the colony, he was high up in their con- 
fidence and in the esteem of the people at large, and a conspic- 
uous figure in social and civic affairs. Descended from a long 
and honorable line of independent English yeomen, or small 
landed proprietors, he inherited in ample measure those more 
splendid qualities which the Norman race grafted on the sturdy 
tree of the Anglo-Saxon character, and was a fair type of the 
dauntless planters of British civilization in the New World, 
amidst gloom and terrors scarcely conceivable by us to whom 



24 THE SAVBRY FAMILIES. 

they bequeathed such a magnificent heritage. The precise date 
and exact place of his birth like the features of his coun- 
tenance and his physical aspect are lost forever in the shadows 
of the past ; and the place of his sepulchre has been forgotten 
by his posterity. 

' Xo longer seek his merits to disclose, 

Nor draw his frailties from their dread abode; 
There they alike in trembling hope repose, 
The bosom of his father and his God." 

It is to be regretted that we have no reliable records illustrat- 
ing the character of our "Pilgrim mother," except the affec- 
tionate and devoted terms in which she is thrice mentioned in 
the short will of her husband, evidently his own composition, for 
its phraseology is not that of an official or professional scribe. 
There is nothing whatever to show her parentage, any clew to 
which evades research. In a deed dated March 22, 1677-8, 
recorded Vol. IV., p. 311, of Plymouth records, she conveys 
to Anthony and Aaron, her sons, the land at Four-mile Brook 
which " fell to my late husband Thomas Savory by exchange 
with our brother-in-law Samuel Eddy." In which of several 
ways the affinity thus spoken of consisted, we can only conjec- 
ture. Samuel Eddy, the progenitor of a distinguished American 
family, was a son of the Rev. William Eddy, A. M., a native 
of Bristol and vicar of Cranbrook, Kent, England. (See Eddy 
Family, with Genealogy, by R. H. Eddy, Boston, 1882.) He 
had a sister Anna, born May, 1603, but the language, " our 
brother-in-law," was not exactly what would have been used by 
her, and we cannot suppose her to have been the mother of the 
Mary born 1654, and we have reason to believe there were still 
younger children of Thomas and Anne Savory. She and 
Samuel Eddy's wife may have been sisters ; but the language, 
although it would suit this, is still better adapted to the con- 
dition that Samuel Eddy married Thomas Savory's sister.* 
In this deed, also, we find the only reference to a son 

* Hut we cannot find her birth on the Hanington records. 



THOMAS SAVORY, THE PILGRIM. 



25 



Anthony. We may conjecture that he and Aaron were younger 
sons who had remained under the parental roof after the others 
had left, or been otherwise provided for; and no doubt the 
deed was intended, as far as Aaron was concerned, as a fulfil- 
ment of the testamentary behest. The loss of some old book 
or books of town and church records deprives us of complete 
data of the births of Thomas Savory's children, a matter in 
respect to which the Savery family in this, and, as will be seen 
in the next generation, is exceptionally unfortunate. Five 
only are found recorded. In Vol. IV., p. 50, on March 1, 
16634, we find this : u Richard Willis and Joseph Savery fined 
3 s 4 d for breaking the peace towards each other." I suspect that 
this Joseph was still another son of Thomas. I therefore con- 
struct the following list of his children : - 

I. Joseph 2 (?). No further trace of him appears. 
II. Benjamin, b. March, 1644-5; no trace of him appears except 

the two apprenticeships already mentioned. 

III. Thomas, b. March 15, 1647-8 ; we have seen that he was at the 
age of five apprenticed to Thomas Lettice. It appears 
that later he was apprenticed to, or in some way employed 
by the worthy and distinguished Timothy Hatherly, the 
founder of Scituate, who was so active and influential in 
the history of the infant colony ; for he is remembered by 
him in his will, dated Dec. 20, 1664, by the bequest of 50s., 
u to be payed when his service is expired." He was killed 
in a battle with the Indians, 27th March, 1676, while serv- 
ing under Capt. Pierce, who was sent with a company of 
fifty white men and twenty friendly Indians from Cape 
Cod, to pursue the Indians to Rhode Island. They crossed 
the river at Pawtucket, and were surrounded and defeated. 
(See Deane's u History of Scituate," pp. 121 and 122 ; where 
will be found [a letter from the Rev. Noah Newman of 
Rehoboth, to the Rev. John Cotton, of Plymouth.) He 
says that fifteen out of the eighteen men from Scituate in 
this expedition were slain; the major part of whom 
(among them "Thomas Savary") he says were heads of 
families. Denne says (p. 336), tk Thomas Savory had 
settled at Scituate in 1675. He was the son of Thomas 
of Sandwich. He had lands in the 2 mile, but probably 
had no family." The U 2 mile" was a strip of land 



Og THE SAVER Y FAMILIES. 

added to Scituate at the instance of Hatherly. He may have 
been spoken of as " head of a family," although living, 
unmarried, with widowed mother and younger children. 

IV. Moses, b. Jan. 22, 1649-50; d. June 9, 1650. 
2 V 7 . Samuel, b. June 4, 1651. 

VI, Jonathan, b. March 4, 1652-3. In the original manuscript 
record I find the name first written " Dauiell," which was 
erased and "Jonathan" written above it. No further 
trace of him appears. 
VII. Mary, b. April ', 1654. 

VIII. Anthony, b. probably 1655. Ricketson's "History of New Bed- 
ford/' p. 347, places his [name at the foot of a list of 
those who had taken the freeman's oath as citizens of 
Dartmouth in and previous to the year 1686. I find no 
further trace of him, unless he is the one who, according to 
my more mature opinion, was a son of Samuel, and who 
married Margaret Price in 1703, when, this Anthony would 
be forty-eight years old. 

IX. Aaron, b. probably before March 22, 1656-7; for I presume he 
was of age when he and Anthony received their deed from 
their mother. From the records of the laying out of lands 
in the registry office at New Bedford, I find him living 
at Dartmouth (head of Acushnet River), in 1711. His 
will was proved August, .1717, mentioning only his wife 
Hannah. He probably left no children. At Dartmouth, 
Oct. 19, 1728, the intentions of marriage between John 
Perry of Sandwich, and Hannah Savery of Dartmouth, 
were entered by the town clerk, but no record of the 
marriage can be found. John Perry died 1732, leaving no 
widow. 

What l)ecame of the sons not accounted for above I cannot 
say, although I have made diligent and persevering efforts to 
ascertain. Samuel alone remained and settled in Plymouth 
County or left any issue that I can discover. Considerable 
migration from the Old Colony to New Jersey took place in 
that generation and the next, especially of those who favored 
the doctrines of the " Friends," and from New Jersey many 
moved over to Pennsylvania ; and for some time I hoped thus 
to prove the ancestry of the eminent minister. The pedigree of 
President Lincoln illustrates this migration, going back through 
Pennsylvania to New Jersey, where his Quaker ancestors were 
an offshoot from the Old Colony. 






THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. 27 



SECOND GENERATION. 



SAMUEL 2 SAVERY (Thomas 1 ), born in or near Plymouth, 
June 4, 1651. No record of his marriage or death is to be 
found, and we are even left in ignorance of his wife's Christian 
name. In 1681, Jan. 30, he was granted twenty acres of 
land "between John's Pond and the Cedar Swamp," Swan- 
hold. Swanhold was in the present town of Carver, formerly 
Plympton. On Feb. 6, 1701-2, the government decreed that 
every freeholder of six years' standing, who had not received a 
grant of thirty acres of land, should forthwith receive that 
quantity. July 20, 1716, he sold 30 acres of land granted him 
by the town of Plymouth on Feb. 9, 1701-2, to Abiel Shurt- 
liffe for 40s. As to his children the records again fail us. 
About the middle of page fifty-two of the town records of 
Rochester, we find " Samuel Savory, Jr., born y e 16 th day of 
November in the year 1695." Then after the entry of John 
Bumpas's children (from 1695 to 17b9) there follows this: 
" The births of Samuel Savery Senr's children are as follows " ; 
proceeding to mention " Judee " in 1679-80, and Susanna, 
1690 (ten years later), with the note, " his son's age may be 
seen above. " These entries were evidently all made at one 
time, and not earlier than 1715, and no doubt copied from 
fragmentary remains of an older book. In Vol. I. of Plymouth 
town records, p. 112, the entry of the births of the children 
of Thomas 3 Savery is headed thus: " Children of Thomas 
Savery. Born Oct. 3, 1681." Whoever prompted this lucky 
addition to the name of the parent may have been conscious of 
the fact that his birth was not elsewhere recorded. Thomas in 
1699 (18 years old) was a member of the South Military Com- 
pany of Plymouth, which embraced Rochester, where Samuel 
was settled. There was no other Savery than Samuel then in 
Plymouth County who could have been this Thomas's father. 



28 THE SAVEBY FAMILIES. 

Thomas handed down the name Samuel to his posterity, and 
his birth evidently fits the first vacant space after that of 
Judith. The children of Samuel were therefore: 

3 I. Anthony 3 . 

II. Mary, b. Jan. 3, 1678-9 ; ra. 1703, James Bumpas. 
Ill Judith, b. Jan. 10, 1679-80. I read from the records that she 
' m., by Samuel Prince, Esq., Feb. 27, 1719-20, Ebenezer 
Perry, but the correct date must be much earlier. In those 
days early marriages were the almost universal rule ; and 
the records show that there were born to "Ebenezer Perry 
and his wife Judee," (1) Ebenezer 4 , b. May 21, 1718; 
(2) Mary, twin of Ebenezer; (3) Hannah, b. July 6, 1722; 
and (4) Samuel Savery, b. Sept. 16, 1724 (she being then 44). 
He was probably the same Ebenezer Perry who had first m. 
June 14, 1708, Mary Burgess, and hadch. : Meribah, b.Dec. 
4, 1709; and Edmund, b. March 24, 1710-11. 

4 IV. Thomas, b. Oct. 3, 1681. 

V. Susanna, b. May 19, 1690; m. April 3,1728, Peter Oman, a 
Quaker. They had ch. : (1) Elizabeth 4 , b. March 22, 1729; 
(2) Deborah, b. Feb. 23, 1730-1; (3) Simon, b. Aug. 25, 
1733. 

VI. Samuel, b. Nov. 16, 1695. Was living, an invalid, with Margaret 
Savery, widow of Anthony 3 in 1723, which adds more 
strength to my opinion that this Anthony was son, 
rather than brother, of Samuel 2 , as he would be more likely 
to have a home with a brother's than with an uncle's 
widow. Mention is made of him as late as 1724. Never 
married. 



THIRD GENERATION. 
3. 

ANTHONY 8 SAVERY (Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was probably the 
eldest of the family. He married Feb. 2, 1703, Margaret Price, 
and died Jan. 27, 1711. With tantalizing incompletness, the 
Rochester record says he was in " y e year of his age." 

His widow survived him many years. He owned land at 
Rochester, a piece adjoining which was "laid out" to his son 
Anthony, as mentioned in Vol I., p. 413, old Proprietors' 
records. 






THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. 29 

CHILDREN. 

I. Ruth 3 , b. July 28, 1704. She married Look. Her chil- 
dren, Margaret 4 , who m. Wing, Alice Look, and Ruth 

Look, are mentioned iii the will of her brother Anthony. A 
descendant, Savery Look, m. Jemima Swift in 1796, and 
had dau. Jemima. 

II. Joseph, b. April 5, 1706; m. Oct. 13, 1736, Experience Killer, 
of a Quaker family living near the Dartmouth line. In 
1740, and again in 1742, he was fined 4 for refusing to 
serve in the office of constable. I suspect that he had 
embraced the religious tenets of his wife, which, while 
they fully recognized the obligations of civil authority, 
prescribed caution in the acceptance of such offices as 
required the taking or administering of oaths, or the 
employment of arms. I find no trace of any posterity nor 
record of his death, and in respect to him also it is quite 
probable that he may have removed to more congenial 
religious surroundings. 

III. Anthony, b. Oct. 24, 1708; d. July 31, 1788. He accumulated a 
good property, and lived and died at Rochester, leaving no 
issue, and probably unmarried, mentioning in his will only 
his brother Joseph and his sisters' children, Margaret Wing 
and Alice and Ruth Look. 



4. 

THOMAS 3 SAVERY (Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), born (probably in 
Rochester) Oct. 3, 1681 O. S; married Dec. 14, 1T05, by Rev. 
Roland Cotton, Esther Saunderson or Saunders ; the latter name 
being no doubt an abbreviation of the former, as we see the two 
forms often interchanged in the Old Colony records. She was, 
perhaps, daughter of Henry, of Sandwich. We have seen that 
he was living at Rochester at the age of eighteen, but removed 
to the " Agawam plantation," where in a deed dated March 6, 
1727, from Micah Gibbs, he is described as of Plymouth, hus- 
bandman. Agawam was then a part of Plymouth ; hence the 
recording of his children's births at Plymouth. He was quite 
conspicuous in the affairs of the infant plantation, and died 
there about 1731. His oldest son, Uriah, administered on his 
estate, which was inventoried at X 162. 



30 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

CHILDREN. * 

I. Mary 4 , b. June 21, 1706; m. Ichabod Sampson, whose parents 
were Samuel Sampson and Mercy, daughter of Obadiah 
and grand-daughter of Samuel Eddy. 
1 A II. Uriah, b. April 30, 1708. 
IB III. Thomas, b. April 26, 1710. 

IV. Lydia, b. July 21, 1712; m. Thomas Bates, of the Agawam 
plantation. Ch. : (1) Sarah 5 ,!). Dec. 6, 1737. (2) Mercy, b. 
Xov. 13, 1739. (3) Lydia, b. Jan. 16, 1747. (4) Patience, 
b. March 23, 1754; m. May 4, 1771, John Carver. (5) Mar- 
garet, b. May 8, 1756. (6) Samuel, b. Aug. 11, 1758. 
V. Esther, b. April 2, 1715; m. 1735, Lemuel Jackson, of 

Plymouth. 

1C VI. Samuel, b. Aug. 18, 1718. 
VII. Mehitable, b. April 15, 1721. 



I will now subdivide the genealogy of the Old Colony family, 
and treat of the descendants of the three sons of Thomas 3 under 
three heads, A, B, and C, respectively, with distinct sets of 
reference numbers. 




Miss LYDJA A. SAVAHY 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. 31 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. 

SUBDIVISION A. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 
1. 

URIAH 4 S A VERY (Thomatf, Samuel*, Thomas 1 ), was born 
April 30, 1708 ; and married Sept. 3, 1738, Deborah, daughter 
of Isaac Bumpas, or Bumpus, of Rochester, Mass., afterwards 
of Lyme, Conn., by wife Mary, daughter of Ezra Perry, of 
Sandwich. She was born Aug. 31, 1712, and received into full 
church membership Aug. 15, 1736. In the marriage record 
she is styled " Mrs." ; but it does not follow that she was a 
widow, for " Miss " was in those days applied only to young 
girls. Women of mature years and respectable social rank 
were styled " Mrs." Those in humble life usually had no prefix 
given them in such records. Similarly, in case of married 
people, " Goodman " and " Goodwife," as contrasted with the 
more dignified " Mr." and " Mrs.," denoted an inferior social 
position. The father of Isaac was John Bumpas, a large landed 
proprietor, son of Edward Bompasse, the first of his name in 
America, who came over in the " Fortune," the first vessel that 
followed the " Mayflower," arriving Nov. 6, 1621, with Robert 
Cushman, noted in Pilgrim annals, and thirty-five more pas- 
sengers, to re-enforce the infant colony. This name, in defiance 
of euphony, has been shortened to Bump, in which form it has 
been adorned by the laurels of a distinguished law writer.* 
Rejecting the repeated consonant and superfluous final e, 

* The late Orlando F. Bump, of the Baltimore Bar. 



32 THE S A VERY FAMILIES. 

peculiar to the orthography of that age, from the name as it 
appears on the list of passengers by the " Fortune," we have 
" Bompas," a name well and honorably known in the legal 
annals of the present and past generations in England.* The 
Norman and French Bonpas, literally translated " Goodstep," 
is an aristocratic name in France. Doubtless it crossed the 
Channel with the Normans, and perhaps again with the Hugue- 
nots, although in their day the name was conspicuous in 
Brittany on the Catholic side. According to the author of 
' The Norman People," the form " Bumpus " also exists as a 
distinct name in England, derived from Boneboz in Normandy, 
a fief held of the Earls of Mellent. Was appointed " Tything- 
man " in!754 ; date of death not recorded. 

CHILDREN. 

2 I. Thomas 5 , b. Aug. 26, 1739. 

II. Mercy, b. July 24, 1741 ; probably m. March 1, 1769, Zephaniah 
Thomas, of Middleboro. 

3 III. Isaac, b. Sept. 5, 1743. 

IV. Samuel, b. Xov. 5, 1746. Xo further trace of him appears. 

4 V. Xathan, b. 1748. 
VI. Esther. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 

2. 

THOMAS' SAVERY ( Uriah 4 , Thomas*, Samuel-, Thomas'), was 
born probably at Wareham, Aug. 26, 1739 ; and married March 
31, 1766, Elizabeth Randall, of Rochester. She died April, 
1839. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Hannah 6 , b. June 27, 1767; m. 1789, Benjamin Benson. 
II. Elizabeth, b. June 3, 1769. 
III. Mary, b. April 20, 1771 ; m. June 22, 1794, Benj. Writington. 

* Sergeant (at law) Bompas was said to have been the original of Sergeant Buz fuz in 
Dlckenrt's EMckwick trial. Dr. Bompas is the missionary bishop of Selkirk, Canadian 
Northwest; and Bompas, Bischoff & Bompas is an eminent firm of solicitors in London. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 33 

IV. Mercy, b. Oct. 30, 1772. 

V. Charity, b. March 28, 1775; d. unm. June 15, 1865. 
5 VI. Thomas, b. Feb. 24, 1777. 

VII. Peleg, b. June 26. 1789; m. June 30, 1807, Sally Caswell. Had 
ch. : (1) Albert, b. 1808 ; d. unm. 1828. (2) Justina, who 
died, soon after marriage, childless. 

3. 

ISAAC 6 SAVERY (Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was 
born Sept. 5, 1743 ; married Jan. 1, 1772, Deliverance Clifton. 
The Cliftons were allied in some way to the Saverys from the 
first advent of the families to America. Savorie Clifton had a 
son Benjamin, born 1690. Benjamin had sons, Timothy, born 
March 9, 1719, and Benjamin. Timothy married Deliverance, 
and had children: (1) Dorothy, born June 9, 1743; married 
Savery Hatheway. (2) S.arah, born Dec. 31, 1744. (3) Mary, 
born Oct. 30, 1746 ; married John Keen. (4) Lydia, born March 
16, 1748, who married Eben Holmes, whose descendant, Hon. 
John Holmes, was a lawyer of distinction. (5) Anna, born Feb. 
3, 1750 ; married Eben Bowles. (6) Deliverance, born Sept. 26, 
1753 ; married Isaac Savery. (7) Savery, born March 17, 1756. 

(8) Meribah, born Oct. 24, 1758 ; married Job Mendall. 

(9) Timothy, born March 17, 1761. There was also a Savery 
Clifton born in 1713, and another in 1759, the latter a son of 
Benjamin. For an interesting account of English Cliftons, 
who went to Leyden with the Pilgrims, see Hunter's " Founders 
of New Plymouth." Many peculiar Christian names are so 
common to both families as to suggest a near kinship between 
these notable Pilgrims and the Old Colony Cliftons. A rigid 
Puritan in religion, Isaac Savery inherited the virtues of the 
Pilgrim fathers, without the faults, always less conspicuous 
in them than in the first colonists of Massachusetts Bay. He 
was a man of good education, extensive reading, and deep 
thought, a correspondent of Hopkins, Bellamy, and other Puri- 
tan writers and divines. He held an evening school for the 
better education of his own large family, who all developed 



34 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

into intelligent, respected, and useful members of society, 
under his judicious religious and intellectual training, 
died July 23, 1825, and his wife March 11, 1828. 

CHILDREN. 

6 I. Deborah 8 , b. Oct. 2, 1772. 

II. Timothy, b. Dec. 14, 1773. 

Ill Sarah b. Oct. 8, 1775; m. Feb. 19, 1795, Job Bourne Bumpus, 
and lived in New York State. Ch. : (1) Selah 7 ; (2) Benjamin ; 
(3) Betsey. 

IV. Meribah, b. March 24, 1778; m. Nov. 17, 1799, Reuben 

Briggs. No descendants. 

V. Deliverance, b. Feb. 20, 1780; m. Capt. Richard Gurney, and 

had son, Capt. Barnabas 7 Guruey, who m. Mercy Hatheway. 
g VI. Uriah, b. Dec. 24, 1781. 
9 VII. Silvia, b. July 5, 1784. 

10 VIII. Isaac, b. May 10, 1786. 

11 IX. Samuel, b. May 15, 1788. 

12 X. Benjamin, b. April 25, 1790. 

13 XL Phineas, b. Sept. 23, 1792. 

14 XII. Mary, b. May 11, 1795. 

4. 

NATHAN' SAVERY (Uriah 4 , Thomas?, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), 
was born in Rochester in the year 1748, and named for 
his mother's brother, Nathan Bumpas ; married, 1st, Elizabeth 
Nye, who is said to have been descended from a Percival family 
of rank in England ; she left an honorable memory affection- 
ately cherished by a respectable posterity : 2d, at Digby, Nova 
Scotia, by Rev. Edward Brudenell, rector, May 28, 1785, Deida- 
mia,* daughter of Jeremiah Sabin (fifth in descent from William 1 , 
of Rehoboth, Mass., through Benjamin 2 , Jeremiah 3 , Jeremiah 4 ). 
She is said to have been the first white child born in Sissiboo, 
now Wey mouth, N. S. Her mother's name was Susanna Le val- 
ley or Lavalle'e, whose paternal ancestors were either Hugue- 

* The certificate of marriage says, "The banns being lirst duly published according to 
an act of the Province, in that case made and provided." At that time, however, mar 
rlajte could be solemnized by "license" in the Episcopal Church, and in dissenting 
churche* only were the three publications rendered necessary by statute. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMLIY. SUBDIVISION A. 35 

nots, directly from France, or from the Channel Islands, among 
the colonists who founded Marblehead. He joined the Conti- 
nental Army at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War for a short 
term, and, it is said, was with Gen. Ethan Allen when 
he surprised the fortress of Ticonderoga* and demanded its 
surrender with the grandiloquent, but, as some think, fabulous f 
formula, " In the name of the Great Jehovah and of the Con- 
tinental Congress." But he refused to re-enlist, imbibed 
partially, .if not wholly, the doctrines and adopted many of the 
distinctive practices of the Society of Friends, and at the close 
of the war came to Nova Scotia. Sic genus amborum scindit 
se sanguine ab uno. He professed that the Declaration of 
Independence had wrought a change in his political views and 
affiliations ; that he had fought " for redress of grievances, but 
not for independence," declaring that u independence," in the 
sense of separation, was to him a " hateful word," and held that 
the Colonies in arms ought to have accepted the offer of recon- 
ciliation;]: made by the government of the parent state, under the 
terms of which, I may remark, British America to-day continues 
to enjoy the blessings of constitutional liberty, clothed in its 
ancient forms, and symbolized by the venerable flag of our 
more remote ancestors. Of course, while the institutions of my 
own country are as dear to me, and I trust ever will be to my 
posterity, as those of my republican kinsmen are to them, I 
must not be understood as hinting an opinion, in such a work 
as this, as to whether these sentiments were right or wrong. I 
merely give them as they were handed down to me. It is pre- 
sumed that the national and personal animosities of that day 
have been buried -in oblivion. To our American neighbors 

* Rev. E. E. Hale at bicentennial celebration of Rochester, 1879. 

t The following from the pen of William Cleaves Todd, Esq., A. M., of Newburyport, I 
quote from the Hist. Genl. Reg., Vol. XL., p. 380, note: "An amusing illustration of 
one of these persistent and popularly cherished fictions has recently come to the knowl- 
edge of the writer. According to all histories of the United States, Ethan Allen demanded 
from the British commander the surrender of Ticonderoga in the name of the Great 
Jehovah and the Continental Congress. Prof. James D. Butler, of Madison, Wis., has 
informed me that hi* grandfather, Israel Harris, was present, and had often told him that 
Ethan Allen's real language was, ' Come out of here, you d d old rat.' " 

+ Acts for the.paritication of America passed Feb. 17, 177H; 



36 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

as the victors we look for magnanimous sympathy and respect 
in the enjoyment of our own independence and national rights 
as a part of the old empire and subjects of the flag of our own 
choice ; thus reciprocating the sentiments which our govern- 
ment and people ever seek to manifest towards them, while each 
of us " under his own vine and fig-tree " may be allowed to glory 
with an appreciable and mutually respected pride and in friendly 
and generous rivalry in the free institutions and national prosper- 
ity which all have alike inherited from their forefathers. In Nova 
Scotia he was faithful to the flag under whose folds he finally 
sheltered himself, enjoying the favor and confidence of such 
pronounced Loyalists as Gideon White of Shelburne, a descend- 
ant of Peregrine White of the " Mayflower," and Brig.- 
Gen. Kuggles of Sandwich, the latter of whom was at first 
stoutly opposed to the measures of the British ministry, but 
l>eing averse to the dismemberment of the empire, finally 
espoused with zeal the cause of the Crown. Died in 1826 from 
erysipelas in the arm. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 

15 I. Patience 6 , b. March 22, 1772. 

16 II. Nathan, l>. .Ian. 21, 1774. 

17 III. Mercy. 

IV. Amelia, in. 1st, William Swift; ch. (1) Samuel 7 , (2) Richard, 
(3) George, (4) Almira, (5) Marietta, (6) Betsey, (7) a 

daughter ; in. 2d, Drake of Middleboro, Mass. 

V. Aaron, died on a voyage from the South. 
By second wife : 

V I . Sarah, b. May 14, 1786 ; m. Charles Thybault, of French extra 
tion. 

18 VII. Sabine, b. March 20, 1788. 
VIII. Lemuel, died in infancy. 

IX. Esther, b. May 10, 1792; in. James Smith. 
X. Susannah Levalley, b. July 13, 1794 ; m. James Brown. 
XI. Deidamia, b. Oct. 17, 1796; m. 1st, George Worthylake; 2 
Stanley Wright. 

19 XII. Uriah, b. May 20, 1799. 

XIII. Deborah, b. Oct. 17, 1801 ; in. John Andrews, b. at Plymout 
Dock, Devonshire, England. 



in 



I 




;V>OU\AXAJU> 



DIED DEC. 1, 1893. 



See page 55. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 37 

XIV. Orrilla, b. Dec. 7, 1803 ; m. William Warner, a native of Blythe, 
Northumberland, England. Ch. : (1) William Charlton; 
(2) Robert Henry ; (3) Mary Anne, m. Charles Budd Dun- 
ham; (4) Joseph; (5) Charles Turner; (6) George; (7) 
James Leander; (8) Eliza H., m. Dan'l Messenger; 
(9) Jesse; (10) William Wallace. She died February, 
1877. He, born in 1800, d. Dec. 8, 1892. 
XV. Lydia, b. April 15. 1806; m. Samuel Doty. 
20 XVI. Nathan, b. June 18, 1809. 

XVII. Mary Anne, b. Dec. 13, 181-3; m. Allen Chute. No children. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 
5. 

THOMAS 6 S A VERY (Thomas' 1 , Uriah 4 , Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , 
Thomas 1 ), was born Feb. 24, 1777; and married Jan. 6, 1807, 
Mary Ryder. She died Dec. 5, 1830. 

CHILDREN. 

21 I. Stillman 7 , b. July 14, 1809. 

II. Charity, b. Sept. 10, 1810; m. Elisha Nye. 

22 III. Rufus, b. Dec. 29, 1812. 

IV. Eliza, b. Dec. 6, 1816; m. Selim Bonney. 
V. Hannah, b. March 6, 1818; m. Charles G. Nye. 

6. 

DEBORAH 6 SAVERY (Isaac 5 , Uriah*, Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , 
Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 2, 1772 ; and married Lemuel Gurney. 
The Gurneys are of a characteristic sturdy New England stock, 
producing industrious and successful farmers and enterprising 
navigators. Most of them belong to the Society of Friends, 
arid have a tradition that they are an offshoot of the English 
family of Norman descent of whom came Mrs. Elizabeth Fry, 
to be more particularly mentioned in connection with William 
Savery, the eminent minister. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Roxana 7 , m. Freeman Cahoon ; d. 1879. 
II. Matilda, m. Ira Crapo; d. 



38 THE SAVEKY FAMILIES. 

III. Delia, in. 1st, May 12, 1825, William Keys ; 2d, Jesse Maxim ; 

d. Oct. 8, 1881, aged 74 years 9 months 29 days. 

IV. Meribah, m. John Pierce; d. October, 1880. 

7. 

CAPT. TIMOTHY SAVEKY (Imac\ Uriah*, Thomas*, 8am- 
w/ 2 , Thomad), was born Dec. 14, 1773 ; married March 3, 1798, 
Elizabeth Swift. He was in early life a manner, as were many 
of the New England Saverys of that and the next generation, 
aiding in building up the maritime greatness of their country, 
and winning independence for themselves by enterprise and 
hardy determination. Abandoning the sea, he engaged in ship- 
building at Wareham, and in the manufacture of hollow ware ;. 
was a selectman and member of the school board of Wareham 
many yeai-s ; a man of sterling integrity, deep religious senti- 
ment, and amiable disposition. Died Feb. 18, 1842. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Kli/alx'tliM). Dec. 8, 1802; in. June 24, 1821, Joseph B 

Leonard; d. Oct. 23, same year. 
II. Cyrus, b. May 12, 1805; d. May 9, 1828. 

III. Sarab, 1). March 20, 1809; d. Dec. 29, 1821. 

IV. Timothy, b. Aug. 25, 1811; m. July 29, 1832, Mary Bliss 

and d. at Columbia, Cal., Feb. 6, 1852, leaving one 
daughter, Mary Elizabeth, who m. Howard Douglas 
Frost, a native of Dorchester, New Brunswick, and d 
in Illinois, 1855. His widow died at New Bedford, Mass. 
Oct. 29, 1883, aged 72. 
V. Benjamin, b. July 19, 1816 ; d. May 25, 1840, on board schoonei 

" Talma," on passage from Cuba to Alexandria. 
VI. Corbin Barnes, d. March 21, 1808, aged 8 months 23 days. 

8. 

CAPT. URIAH 6 SAVEKY (Imac\ Uriah 4 , Thoma^, Samuel? 
ThomaJ), was born Dec. 24, 1781 ; and married Jane, daughter 
of Barnabas Ellis. Was selectman of Wareham many years, 

CHILDREN. 

I. Barnabas Ellis 7 , b. July 24, 1807 ; d. young. 
II. Ruth Ellis, b. May 24, 1808; m. Dec. 7, 1828, Zeno Fuller 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 39 

III. Robertson, b. Oct. 12, 1810; d. March 3, 1886. No children. 

IV. Deborah, b. June 15, 1812; m. Oct. 4, 1829, James Bent; d. 
V. Isaac, b. May 29, 1814 ; no children ; d. 

23 VI. Uriah, b. June 21, 1816. 

VII. Jane,b. Oct. 14, 1819; m. May 19, 1836, Lewis Bent. 
VIII. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 28, 1821 ; m. 1st, April 11, 1840, Eben A. 
Bishop, of Seekonk, R. I. ; 2d, Freeman King ; 3d, 
Hitching. Lives at Providence, R. I. 
IX. Patience, b. Feb. 28, 1825; m. 1st, Howard Keith; 2d, 

Zaccheus Lambert, Bridge water, Mass. 

X. Maria, b. March 1, 1827; m. John Hancock, Providence, 
R. I. Living at Hyannis, Mass. 

9. 

SiLViA 6 SAVERY (Isaac*, Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), 
was born July 5, 1784 . and married Caleb King, who was born 
Nov. 6, 1779. He died Feb. 18, 1854 ; she, March 13, 1863. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Hannah 7 , b. Dec. 24, 1809; m. June 12, 1828, Daniel Hall, 
deputy sheriff of Plymouth County, 40 years, Barnstable 
County, 12 years, and Bristol County, 9 years ; resided 
at Marion, Mass. Ch. : (1) Charles 8 , m. 1st, Elizabeth 
Barstow; 2d, Betsey Jenny; 3d, Henrietta Blenkinship; 
resides at Marion, Mass. (2) Sylvanus, m. Annie Ellis, 
resides at Marion. (3) Julia, m. 1st, Fred. Littlefield; 
2d, Enoch Robinson; resides at East Taunton, Mass. 
(4) Jennison, m. 1st, Miss Spicer; 2d. Emma Wiggins, 
of California. 
II. Julia A., b. July 19, 1815 ; died young. 

III. Delia, b. Dec. 24, 1817; m. Capt. David Lewis. Ch. : 

(1) Hannah Ellen 8 , m. Judah Hatheway, of Rochester; 

(2) David Swanson, m. Caroline Weld, of Rochester. 

IV. Asa, b. Nov. 2, 1818 ; d. Feb. 2, 1836. 

V. Silvia A., b. Dec. 6,1820; m. 1st, Capt. Evans Hatheway. 
Ch. : (1) Anne Evans 8 , m. Albert Dexter, of Matta- 
poisett; (2) Sarah E. C., resides at Mattapoisett ; m. 2d, 
Nathan Mendall. Ch. : (3) Nathan, resided at same 
place. Died April 12, 1871. 

VI. Caleb, twin of Silvia, m. Anne Hammond. Ch. : (1) Caleb 8 ; 
(2) Robert, m. Ellen Wellman; (3) George, m. Harriet 
Rogers. Reside at Maiden. 

VII. Matilda, b. July 20, 1825; m. Oliver A. Washburn, Provi- 
dence, R. I. Ch. : (1) Roscoe Stetson 8 , m. Mollie 
Sayles; (2) Edgar Symonds; both live in Providence, 
R. I. Died October, 1878. 



40 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

1C. 

CAPT. ISAAC 6 SAVERY (Isaac?, Uriah*, Thomat?, Samuel?, 
Thomas 1 ), was born May 10, 1786 ; and married Temperance 
Cornish, descendant of the Cornish and Reed families of 
Revolutionary fame. In 1837 he removed to Oneida County, 
N. Y. In 1857 he went West to spend his last years with his 
children, and died at Halfday, Lake County, 111., aged 86 
years 3 months and 18 days, Aug. 28, 1872. A daughter 
writes of him : " In his youth he was engaged in farming, 
teaching school in winter, but I think not in navigation until 
after his marriage. He was a great reader, and in those days 
had few equals in 'his part of the State. I never saw him 
angry, which few can say of a father. He always looked at 
the silver lining, however dark the cloud." His widow died 
Feb. 27, 1880. 

The following notice is from a contemporary paper: 

Mrs. Savery was born at Plymouth, Plymouth County, Mass., Aug. 8, 
1790 ; was married to Mr. Isaac Savery, Jan. 1, 1809. The first twenty-eight 
years of her married life were spent in Rochester, Mass., where all of her 
children were born in the same house. Mr. Savery was a sea captain, con- 
sequently was away from home most of the time; thus upon Mrs. Savery 
devolved all the care and responsibility of rearing and training their chil- 
dren. All, with the exception of one who died in childhood, lived to grow 
up and become respectable members of society. Grandma Savery, as she 
was familiarly called by all who knew her, made a profession of religion 
in early life and united with the Presbyterian church, and putting her 
Christian principles into the training of her children, most, if not all of 
them, were led to Christ, and are now members of some branch of the 
Christian church. The writer became acquainted with her three years 
ago, and has ever since enjoyed a call upon and a season of prayer with 
her. She was always cheerful and happy, enjoying great love for the 
Bible and her Saviour, and looking forward with an anxious longing for 
the time to come when she should go to be with him forevermore ; often 
saying after a sick spell that she thought her Jesus had come for her, but 
she should have to wait a little longer. But just as the sun was setting 
on that, beautiful 27th of February, her daughter, Mrs. Rose, said to her, 
Mother, you are going home,' and the dying saint said, ' Glory to 
God,' and fell asleep in Jesus. Some years ago her son, who lives in 
Michigan, visited her and marked a text for her funeral sermon : ' Precious 




CAPT. ISAAC SAVEKY. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 41 

in the sight of the Lord are the death of his saints.' Grandma in her 
humility felt that such a text would not be appropriate for her ; but it 
was used with the feeling that she had honored the name of saint." 

CHILDREN. 

I. Hannah C. 7 , b. Sept. 24, 1809; m. Barnabas Ellis Swift; d. 
July, 1889; he d. August, 1890. Ch. : (1) Jacob 8 ; (2) Bar- 
nabas E.; (3) Hannah E., d. young; (4) Rufus S. ; 
(5) Hannah E. 

II. Adelia, b. June 25, 1811; m. Wilson Gurney, and d. 1832, 
leaving one daughter, Adelia 8 , who m. Mr. Gault, a 
native of Canada. 

24 III. Clarissa, b. Feb. 14, 1814. 

IV. Samuel, b. Feb. 17, 1815; d. same day. 

25 V. George Cornish, b. April 21, 1816. 

26 VI. Temperance Cornish, b. Oct. 21, 1818. 
2T VII. Eloisa Matilda, b. Nov. 7, 1820. 

28 VIII. Sarah Nelson, b. Jan. 30, 1823. 

29 IX. Lucinda B., b. Dec. 12, 1825. 

30 X. Isaac P., b. Oct. 28, 1827. 

31 XI. Amanda W., b. Oct. 4, 1831. 

XII. Marietta E., b. Nov. 30, 1833; m. J. H. Talcott; lives in 
Illinois. (See Talcott Genealogy.) He died Aug. 30, 
1890. Ch. : (1) Sigel Delano, b. Jan. 15, 1862. 

11. 

REV. SAMUEL 6 SAVERY (Imac>, Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel?, 
Thomas^), born May 15, 1788. Graduated at Brown Uni- 
versity, Providence, and entered the ministry of the Baptist 
church. Married (probably in 1816) Sally Woodworth 
of Still water, Saratoga County, N. Y. A man of talent 
and learning, his career was cut short by an early death. His 
wife, who resided with her son James, at Des Moines, Iowa, 
died Jan. 14, 1860, aged 59 years. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Mary E. 7 , b. probably in 1817 ; d. in infancy. 
II. Sanford S., b. 1818 ; m. and d. Ch. : One son, also d, 
III. Safford, b. about 1819; m. Susan Thurston; d. 1874. Three 
children, all d. 



42 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

IV. George W., b. December, 1822 ; m. Mary Jane Fredenburg. He 
d. at Des Moines, Iowa, January, 1887. Ch. : Three dead ; 
Carrie May 8 , surviving, m. Edwin Hewit, of Denver, Col., 
and resides there. 
33 V. James C., b. Xov. 30, 1824. 

VI. Chester Tracey, b. Xov. 24, 1825 ; m. Aug. 17, 1848, Nancy A. 
Allen; d. Nov. 9, 1877. Had two daughters, one died at 
birth, and (2) Ella 8 , died Jan. 5, 1862. His widow 
was for many years the useful and respected matron of 
the woman's hospital, cor. 13th, Grand, and River Streets, 
Detroit. 
VII. A posthumous child, d. 

12. 

BENJAMIN 6 SAVERY (Isaac*, Uriah*, Thomas?, SamueP, 
Thomas 1 ), was born April 25, 1790. Was in his early days a navi- 
gator, but for a time was a school teacher in New Jersey, where 
he married Miss Lydia Whitlock, supposed to be from the 
family of Bulstrode Whitlock, of Cromwell's day. In 1829 he 
removed to New York City, and was in the employ of Peter 
Cooper, the world-renowned millionnaire philanthropist. They 
were intimate friends, and the families still cherish the mutual 
traditionary regard. Abandoning commercial pursuits, he 
bought a farm near the home of his ancestors in Wareham, 
after which he became a member of the Legislature of his 
native State. " He was celebrated for his generous, open- 
hearted hospitality. No one sought his help in vain or left his 
door hungry. It may be said that he was too generous, almost 
impoverishing himself in the exuberance of his kindly, unselfish 
nature. His kindred revered him, and a large circle of friends 
lament his loss to this day." He died Aug. 13, 1861 ; and 
his widow May 11, 1865. 

CHILDREN. 

33 I. Adolphus 7 , b. Jan. 17, 1824. 

II. Narcissa, b. March 29, 1826 ; d. Aug. 14, 1850. 
III. John Whitlock, b. May 3, 1829. JOHN WHITLOCK? SAVARY 
m. July 2, 1879, Bessie Tyer, a native of London, Eng., 
eldest dau. of Henry T. Tyer, late of Andover, Mass., 
who was nephew and heir at law of Sir John Musgrove, 
formerly Lord Mayor of London. 







BENJAMIN SAVBBY. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 43 

IV. Cyrus, b. April 9, 1832 ; d. Sept. 29, 1836. 
V. Eliza Whitlock, b. July 18, 1834; d. Dec. 25, 1888. 
VI. Benjamin, b. Oct. 1, 1837 ; d. in infancy. 

VII. Lydia Adelia, b. Dec. 8, 1841. Miss LYDIA A. SAVARY 
resides at East Wareham, Mass. 

13- 

DBA. PniNEAS 6 S A VERY (Isaac*, Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel?, 
Thomas 1 ), was born' Sept. 23, 1792; married Hannah Cor- 
nish, who was born in 1788. He died in 1872. She died 
July 28, 1885. The following is from the Roman Citizen, 
Home, N. Y. : u Dea. Savery was born in Rochester, Mass. 
He removed to the town of Annsville, N. Y., in 1817, and died 
on the farm where he had resided .for fifty years. The deceased 
was a respected member of the community in which he lived. 
In 1833 he was chosen deacon of the First Baptist Church at 
Annsville, the first deacon chosen by the society, and held the 
office for thirty years. He always sustained the character of an 
honest, upright Christian, and was respected and beloved by all 
who knew him. For several years he had been an invalid, and 
endured much suffering, which he bore without complaining, 
waiting for the time Avhen the great Master should call him 
home to be at rest. Truly a good man has gone to his reward." 
The following is from another local paper : - 

" Mrs. Hannah Savery died at 7 A. M. Tuesday, in her ninety-second year. 
She was among the older residents of Oneida County. She was born in 
Plymouth, Mass., Oct. 2, 1793. Her family name was Cornish, and she 
came from good New England stock, being one of a family of twelve chil- 
dren. In 1817, Mr. and Mrs. Savery emigrated to the town of Annsville in 
this county, settling about two miles north of the present village of Taberg. 
This section was then accounted the far west, and an almost unbroken wilder- 
ness presented itself to the young couple. They came with an ox team, 
bringing all their goods and chattels in a covered wagon. Col. Richard G. 
Savery, their only child, was in his fifth year. They went resolutely to 
work to make for themselves a home, Mr. Savery clearing the forest and 
burning charcoal. Mr. and Mrs. Savery lived on the homestead until 1872, 
and reared a large family. They were among the early members of the 
Taberg Baptist Church. 

u Mrs. Savery was a very sociable and agreeable old lady, and was always 



44 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

full of life; it was a pleasure to talk with her. Her memory was bright 
and clear, and her mind was stored with recollections of early life and 
times in Oneida County. She could tell many interesting anecdotes of the 
olden time that is beyond the memory of most people now living. She re- 
tained her natural buoyancy to the last. Her sight and hearing were 
almost unimpaired up to the time of her death. She could read without 
the aid of spectacles, and could hear conversation carried on in an ordinary 
tone. Her life was an active one. She lived to see the wilderness blossom 
as the rose, and to see the march of civilization extend over the entire con- 
tinent/' 

CHILDREN. 

I. Phineas 7 , b. 1811; d. young. 

34 II. Richard Gurney, b. Dec. 9, 1812. 

III. Mary, 1). 1814; "dead. 

IV. Samuel, b. 1816; m. Sarah Peck. 

35 V. .Henry, b. 1818. 

VI. Ruby Ann, b. 1821; m. Sanford T. Samson, of Weston, 

N. V., and d. at Ann Arbor, Mich., May 13, 1882. Their 

son HENHY J. s SAMSON is an attorney and counsellor at 

law in Chicago. 

VII. nifton, 1). 1823; m. Harriet Clarke. Ch. : (1) Wellington 8 ; 

(2) Matilda; (3) Rose; (4) George. 
VIII. Uriah, b. 1825; d. 1858, unni. 

36 IX. Hosea ('., b. March 23, 1827. 
31 X. Louisa, b. 1830. 

XI. Emily, b. 1832; m. Benjamin Mattison; d: Ch. : (1) Flora 8 , m. 

Hazelton ; d. 
XII. Sarah, b. 1834 ; m. Jason Wade ; d. 



14. 

MARY* SAVERY (Imac\ Uriah** Thomas 3 , Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), 
born May 11, 1795, who married, 1816, Jacob Swift, closes my 
record of the children of Isaac Savery and Deliverance 
Clifton, worthy offspring of worthy parents. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Charles H. 7 , b. Aug. 6, 1817 ; m. Hannah Smith ; d. at Martha's 

Vineyard, March 31, 1884. 

II. Reuben Briggs, b. Aug. 2, 1819; m. Mary, daughter of Amos 
and Ruth (Clifton) Hadley; d. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 45 

III. Meribah Briggs, twin of Reuben; m. 1st, John Washburn; 2d, 

Rev. George Cryer, a native of England ; d. at Norwich, 
Conn., Oct. 25, 1886. 

IV. Pelham E., b. Dec. 18, 1822; m. Lydia Delano; d. at New 

Bedford, Mass., May 9, 1891. 

V. Mary S., b. July 24, 1829; m. Seth Morse; resides in West 
Wareham. 



15. 

PATIENCE 6 S A VERY (Nathan 5 , Uriah?, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , 
Thomas 1 ), born March 22, 1772 ; married Dec. 5, 1790, George 
Douglas, who was born Aug. 26, 1762. She died Dec. 1, 1863. 

CHILDREN. 

38 I. Barnabas Nye 7 , b. Nov. 11, 1791. 

39 II. Betsey, b. July 14, 1795. 

16. 

NATHAN 6 S A VERY (Nathan;*, Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , 
Thomas 1 ), was born Jan. 21, 1774, and always lived in Massa- 
chusetts ; married Aug. 28, 1796, Elizabeth Gammons ; died 
Nov. 1, 1858. The following obituary notice I quote from a 
contemporary paper : " FATHER SAVERY. The following fine 
description of our good old townsman, late of Sippican, is from 
the pen of Mrs. Bruce : < Died in Sippican, Nathan Saveiy, in 
the eighty-sixth year of his age. He was a true and faithful 
Christian. Religion was his life. He was devoted to the 
church and her rites. Warm and affectionate in his nature, 
and simple and unaffected in his manners, he was fervent in 
his zeal, gentle in his life, and devout in his piety. Having led 
a blameless life, he came to a peaceful and triumphant end. 
Thirty-six hours before his death he was as well and cheerful 
as usual. No seated disease, but the general dissolution and 
decay of age took him away. Conscious of his end, he met 
death with great composure, and like an infant to its repose, he 
lay down to rest.' ' 



4(5 THE SAVEKY FAMILIES. 

He hath gone, the grand old soldier, 
With his Christian armor on ; 
He hath borne the heat of battle, 
He hath now the victory won. 

The heavy cross long carried, 

He hath at last laid down, 

Only to take in place of it 

The Christian's golden crown. , 

No longer at the fireside 
Shall we his welcome meet, 
No more his smile shall greet us 
Upon the busy street. 

For he hath passed forever 
That dim and shadowy bourne, 
Whence the traveller, once entering, 
Can never more return. 

In you fair and peaceful city, 
Where love can ne'er grow dim, 
Though he will not return to us, 
We all shall go to him. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Nathan 7 , b. 1798 ; d. at Savannah, May, 1822. 

40 II. Patience, b. June 12, 1803. 

41 III. Hiram Nye, b. Aug. 18, 1800. 
4*2 IV. Aaron, twin of Hiram. 

V. Dennis N., b. Aug. 1, 1808; m. in 1831, Betsey Tabor, of 
near New Bedford, and lived at Wheeling, Va. Ch. : 
(1) Fernando 8 , d.; (2) Maria; (3) George, d. ; (4) Ruby, 
d.; (5) Juliet; (6) William, d. ; (7) Lucy ; (8) Flora. 

Hannah, b. Jan. 1, 1810; in. Cashing; d. Oct. 20, 1818. 

Klizsi. b. March 14, 1811; m. William Spooner, resides at Fair- 
haven. Ch. : (1) Susan 8 , b. Feb. 22, 1835; m. William 
Mayo. (2) Benjamin, b. Aug. 31, 1840; d. Oct. 3, 1841. 
(3) Lucy M., b. Sept. 24, 1841 ; d. June 20, 1864. 
43 VIII. Hichanl. b. July 14, 1813. 

17. 

MERCY'- SAVEKY (Nathari', Uriah 4 , Thomas?, Samuel 2 , 
thoma** ), married Saveiy Bolles, descended from a Savery of a 
former generation, through a female ancestor. 






THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 47 

CHILDREN. 

I. Leonard 7 , m. Lovicy Hatheway; died before 1882. 

II. Sophia, m. Barnabas Green; died before 1882. 

III. Charltou, m. Sarah Pope; died before 1882. 

IV. Mercy. 
V. Almira. 

VI. Delia, m. Stillman Savery 7 (Thomas 6 , Thomas 5 , Uriah 4 ). 

VII. Eliza, m. Drake. 

VIII. John, m. Burgess. 

18. 

SABINE SAVARY (Nathan*, Uriah*, Thomas 3 , Samuel?, 
Thomas 1 ), was born March 20, 1788, at St. Mary's Bay, now 
Plymton, in Digby County, where he always resided ; married 
Nov. 15, 1821, Olivia, daughter of Samuel Marshall, a Loyalist, 
who came from New York to Shelburne, and thence to Yar- 
mouth, N. S., where he was one of the first two churchwardens 
of Trinity Church, and was a prominent merchant, pioneer 
ship-owner, and public man, a member of the Provincial Parlia- 
ment from 1812 until his death at the age of 55 ; he was buried 
April 3, 1813. I have an impression that he was a Southern 
Loyalist, who had taken refuge with the army in New York, and 
was of the same Loyalist family as the late Judge Marshall, and 
Hon. J. J. Marshall, of Guysborough, N. S., but have no relia- 
ble data on which to base a positive opinion.* Her mother was 
Olivia, daughter of William Haskell, Jr., who with William, 
Sr., came from Beverly, Mass., among the early settlers of 
Yarmouth, about 1767, and married Hannah, daughter of 
Ebenezer Healy, who came at the same time from Plymouth or 
Marblehead.f Died May 1, 1878, aged 90 years and upwarcl. 
The following is from an obituary notice : " The deceased in 
his early days was a man of remarkable physical energy and 
power of endurance. He filled before the memory of adults 
of the present generation a considerable space in the commercial 

* I have heard it stated that this family were a branch of that from which Chief 
Justice Marshall, the great American jurist, came, 
t Campbell's History of Yarmouth. 



48 THE SAVEBY FAMILIES. 

arena of the county of Digby. His first business relations 
were with Eastport, Me., with which the western part of Nova 
Scotia then carried on an extensive trade, and where his name, 
highly respected, has doubtless long since been remembered 
and forgotten. He was subsequently one of the pioneers of 
what is familiarly known as the 'Boston trade,' which formerly, 
more than now, engrossed the commercial energies of the 
western counties. More recently he engaged in shipbuild- 
ing, and his business relations were more with St. John, 
N. B. For many years he possessed a great personal in- 
fluence in his neighborhood and throughout a large portion 
of his county, the spontaneous result of his then extensive 
business relations, and his recognized character for purity of 
motive and strict integrity. He died an affectionate and 
devoted member of the Church of England, of which he had 
)>een an adherent from early manhood." 

CHILDREN. 

44 I. Mary Elizabeth?. 

II. Eliza Helen, m. James K. Garden, now postmaster at Gibson, 
X. B., whose father, George Frederic Starr Garden, was 
for many years sergeant-at-arms to the New Brunswick 
Legislature. His grandfather, William H. Garden, a 
native of Aberdeen, came to New Brunswick, a Loyalist, 
from Xew York. Oh. : (1) Alfred William Savary 8 , now, 
1893, pursuing an arts course at the University of To- 
ronto, and theology at Wyckliffe (Church of England) 
College in the same city. 

45 III. Alfred William, b. Oct. 10, 1831. 
IV. Margaret Jane, unm. 

19. 

URIAH 6 SAVEBY (Nathan*, Uriah 4 , Thomas*. SamueV 
Thnma*\ was born May 20, 1799; married, 1823, Aley Eliza 
beth Worthylake; died suddenly of congestion of the lung 
April, 1881. A devout Christian and member of the Baptis 
Church for many years. 




"S 

i: 




UitiAH SAVEBY. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 49 

CHILDREN. 

46 T. Deidamia 7 , b. Xov. 14, 1824. 

II. Charles Thomas, b. 1826; m. Ellen Van Norden, of Yar- 

mouth, X. S. ; d. about 1871. 

III. Xathan, b. 1828; drowned from Schooner "Eagle" about 1851. 

IV. James, b. 1830; d. May, 1853. 

V. Aley Elizabeth, b. 1832 ; m. 1st, Charles Allen, of. Yarmouth, 
X. S. ; 2d, Wm. B. Long, of X. Andover, Mass. Xow a widow 
in Danvers, Mass. 

VI. Mary Jane, b. 1834; m. April, 1855, George Pitman, of Yar- 

mouth ; d. 

VII. Edward, b. 1840; m. 1st, Eliza, daughter of his uncle 

Xathan 6 Savery, Jr. ; she d ; m. twice since. 

VIII. Albert, b. 1842 ; m. Mary Elizabeth Ellis, of Yarmouth, X. S. ; 
drowned from schooner "D. M. Smith," March 20, 1878, 
in Petite Passage coming from St. John, X. B., to Plym- 
ton, X. S. 

20. 

NATHAN 6 SAVARY, the younger (Nathan 5 , Uriah*, Thomas*, 
SamueP, Thomas 1 }, born June 18, 1809; married Phoebe Dun- 
bar; and died Nov. 3, 1891. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Armanilla 7 , b. June 24, 1834; m. James Holmes. 

47 II. John Dean, b. April 22, 1836. 

III. Mary Hannah, b. Oct. 23, 1838 ; m. John Wright, 

IV. William Henry, b. March 17, 1841 ; m. Elizabeth Wagner. 
V. Moses Washington, b. Dec. 21, 1843; m. Emma McKay. 

48 VI. Joseph H. 

VII. George Malcolm, m. Eliza Carty. 

VIII. Uriah, d. aged 6. 

IX. Eliza Helen, b. Xov. 22, 1850; m. Edward 7 Savery, her cousin, 

son of Uriah 6 ( Xathan 5 ) ; d. young. 
X. Xathan Thomas, b. March 24, 1854; m. Maud Snow. 
XI. Phoebe Frances, b. Xov. 21, 1855 ; m. Wm. H. Chute. 
XII. James Alfred, b. June 5, 1859; m. Hannah Marshall. 



STILI 



SEVENTH GENERATION. 
21. 



(Thomas*, Thomas 5 , Uriah*, Thomas 3 , 
SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born July 14, 1809 ; and married Delia 7 , 



50 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

daughter of Saveiy Bolles and Mercy 6 Savery, who was one of 
the daughters of Nathan 5 and Elizabeth Nye. (See No. 17.) 

CHILDREN. 

I. Polly Xye 8 , b. March 10, 1832; m. Xov. 22, 1853, Lynes Ryder, 
of Rochester; and has ch. : (1) Hannah E. 9 ; (2) Stillman 
Savery; (3) George E.; (4) Frank E. 
49 II. Rufus L.'. b. Jan. 29, 1834. 

III. John Thomas, b. December, 1835; m. Mary E. Greenleaf, of 

New Hampshire; d. at Stamford Place, Boston, much 
honored, Jan. 11, 1883. 

IV. Sophia,!). March 5, 1838; m. March 30, 1859, Capt. Arthur. 

Hammond; and has ch. : (1) Jennie C. 9 ; (2) Delia Bolles 
(3) Arthur H., who m. Minnie Hammond ; (4) Sophia Savery ' 
V. Josephine, b. March 12, 1839; d. March 30, 1839. 
VI. Hannah, b. Feb. 23, 1842. 



Rrrus 7 SAVERY (Thomai\ Thomas*, Uriah*, Thomas*, SamueP, 
Thomas 1 ), was born Dec. 29,1812; and married Martha H. 
Gibbs, who was born Nov. 19, 1816. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Iluldah Louisa 9 ,!). Oct. 15, 1842; in. Dec. 26, 1862, Edward 

D. Hewius; d. 

II. Lucretia. 1). Dec. 22, 1844; m. Edw. D. Hewins, after her sis- 
ter's death. 

III. Edward Everett, b. Feb. 22, 1847; d. aged 1 yr. 11 mos. 

IV. Roland T., b. April 9, 1848; m. Mary Hoyt, and has dau. 

Jennie 9 , b. March, 1871. 



23. 

URIAH 7 SAVERY (Uriah 6 , Isaac*, Uriah 4 , Thomas*, SamueP, 
Thomas 1 ), was born June 21, 1816 ; married Elizabeth Pain< 
and lives in California. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Barnabas Ellis 8 , b. Oct. 22, 1846. BARNABAS E. 8 SAVERY m. 

Aug. 29, 1880, Emma A. Drinkwater ; resides at Campello, 

Mass., and has ch. : (1) Jennie F. 

II. Uriah, b. Dec. 25, 1848. 

III. Jane Frances, b. Jan. 26, 1850; d. Nov. 12, 1865. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 51 

24. 

CLARISSA 7 SAVERY (Isaac*, Isaac 5 , Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , 
Thomas 1 ), was born at Rochester, Feb. 14, 1814 ; married Dec. 
1832, Wilson Doty ; and removed to Illinois. 



2 



CHILDREN. 

I. Clara A. 8 , b. May 27, 1834, at Wareham, Mass.; m. at Taberg, 
Oneida County, ]$". Y., John B. Allanson, a native of Eng- 
land ; a farmer living at Vernon, 111. 
II. Reuben Briggs, b. April 26, 1836 ; d. Feb. 7, 1838. 

III. W. Warren, b. June 15, 1839, at Taberg, N. Y. ; m. March 5, 

1862, at Vernon, Lake County, 111., Lilias Mason, and now 
residing at Winona; flour and grain merchant. 

IV. Benjamin Savery, b. Aug. 26, 1841, at Barriboo, Wis., where he 

now resides; flour and grain merchant. 

V. Mary J., b. Feb. 16, 1844, at Taberg, N. Y. ; d. Dec. 6, 1861. 
VI. Belle A., b. Aug. 27, 1846, at Wareham ; m. April 15, 1866, John 
A. Corbin, a farmer of Vernon, 111., who was drowned with 
five others by the upsetting of a new ferry boat when attempt- 
ing to cross Fox Elver, at Elgin, 111. "Mr. Corbin was a 
native of Illinois, having been born at Halfday, April 2, 1844, 
and was only 37 years old. He was a well-to-do farmer and 
an active and useful citizen. His friends fittingly folded 
the flag of the Union about his coffin, for when but 18 years 
of age he enlisted and served through the war, and was a 
strong and 'brave soldier." 

VII. Lottie L., b. at Taberg, N. Y., Oct. 27, 1850; m. George H. 
Foote, at Vernon, Lake County, 111. 

25. 

GEORGE CORNISH 7 SAVERY (Isaac 6 , Isaac 5 , Uriah*, Thomas*, 
SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born April 21, 1816. A navigator with 
his father in his younger days, but settled down to agricultural 
pursuits in 1854 in Oneida County, N. Y., and removed 
later to Dexter, Mich. ; a man of exemplary Christian char- 
acter and blameless life, respected and beloved by his kindred 
in an uncommon degree. He married Feb. 17, 1839, Rachel 
Porter, who was born Sept. 26, 1819, and died at Dexter, 
June 29, 1886. 



52 THE S A VERY FAMILIES. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Ann Elizabeth 8 , b. Xov. 9, 1840; d. young. 

50 II. Stephen Porter, b. Dec. 11, 1841. 

51 III. Isaac Sanford, b. Dec. 11, 1843. 

52 IV. Henrietta E., b. Jan. 15, 1847. 

V. Henry K., b. Oct. 23, 1848. 

VI Gustavus Adolphus, b. Xov. 15, 1850, at Vienna, X. Y. ; m. 
1st, Sept. 15, 1874, Mary S. Mason; 2d, Sept. 18, 1889, Xellie 
Robertson. Ch. : (1) Maude 9 , b. July 8, 1875 ; d. May 5, 1876. 

26. 

TEMPERANCE CORXISH : SAVERY (Isaac 6 , Isaac?, Uriah*, 
Thomaf, Samuel Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 21, 1818 ; and mar- 
ried April 16, 1840, Samuel Mitchell, who died Nov. 12, 1873. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Mary E. 8 , b. May 23, 1841; m. April 29, 1862, Alexander Ho- 

man. 

II. Adelia X., b. June 7, 1843; m. Sept. 26, 1865, Henry A. 

Matheson. 

III. Geneva F., b. June 23, 1852; m. Dec. 11, 1872, Harvey S. Coon. 

IV. Gesler F., b. June 23, 1852 ; d. Feb. 18, 1853. 

V. George F., b. Aug. 28, 1855; m. Feb. 21, 1877, Mary M. Rouse. 

27. 

ELOISA MATILDA 7 SAVERY (Isaac 8 , Isaac 5 , Uriah*, Thomas*, 
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born at Rochester, Mass., Nov. 9, 1820 ; 
and married Dec. 1, 1841, at Annsville, N. Y., Allen Thrasher, 
who was born at Thurlow, Upper Canada, Sept. 20, 1820, and 
died in Rantoul, Champagne County, 111., Ang. 19, 1877. She 
lives at Halfday, 111. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Angelina 8 , b. at Annsville, X. Y., Xov. 17, 1842; m. Sept. 14, 

1858, Marcus S. Gleason, in Halfday, 111. 

II. John G., b. at Annsville, July 18, 1844; died in the service of 
the Union, Dec. 11,1863, having served 1 year and 4 months. 

III. Louise A., b. at Wareham, Mass., Dec. 17, 1849; m. Jan. 14, 

1871, in Rantoul, 111., to John C. Peplow. 

IV. Lillie A., b. May 14, 1860; m. Oct. 29, 1877, Charles Shore, in 

Rantoul, 111., where she died Feb. 20, 1880. 



THF OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 53 

28. 

SARAH NELSON? SAVERY (Isaac*, Isaac 5 , Uriah*, Thomas?, 
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born Jan. 30, 1823 ; and married March 
30, 1843, James Homan. 

CHILDREN. 

I. David Uriah 8 , b. July 24, 1844; m. Sept. 5, 1866, Sarah E. 

Cline. 

II. Martha Adelia, b. Feb. 25, 1846; m. ^ T ov. 25, 1865, Charles 

Jacob Miller, whose father was from Pennsylvania. 

III. Lucinda Rose, b. Sept. 27, 1848; m. Feb. 10, 1869, Edwin 

Bridges. 

IV. Alexander Henry, b. June 28. 1851 ; m. Aug. 16, 1875, Jennie 

S. Jones. 

V. Leonard Allen, b. Aug. 26, 1853 ; m. Nov. 27, 1877, Amos S. 

Eobb. 

VI. Sarah Elizabeth, b. April 24, 1856; d. April 27, 1874. 
VII. Mary Amanda, b. Sept. 21, 1863; m. Nov. 23, 1881, George A. 

Houghton. 
VIII. Jennie Delilah, b. Jan. 30, 1865; d. Feb. 8, 1871. 

29. 

LUCINDA B. 7 SAVERY (Isaac*, Isaac 5 , Uriah*, Thomas 3 , 8am- 
ueP, Thomas 1 ), born Dec. 12, 1825; married Sept. 4, 1847, 
P. T. Rose, living in Illinois. He died March 2, 1877, aged 
63 years 10 months and 16 days. Married, 2d, Nov. 24, 1886, 
Reuben Tuck, a native of Upwell, county of Norfolk, England. 

CHILDREN. 

I. M. Jeannette 8 , b. Jan. 2, 1852 ; m. Sept. 11, 1873, E. J. Locke. 

II. Calvin B., b. Dec. 5, 1857; d. Feb. 18, 1858. 

III. Ida C., b. Jan. 20, 1859; d. Jan. 6, 1861. 

IV. Effie J., b. Feb. 19, 1861 ; d. April 28, 1861. 
V. E. Grant, b. July 18, 1863 ; m. 

VI. Carrie C., b. March 5, 1866. 

30. 

ISAAC P. 7 SAVERY (Isaac 6 , Isaac 5 , Uriah 4 , Thomas*, SamueP, 
Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 28, 1827 ; married 1850, Marie Blakes- 
lie, living in Dexter, MicTi. 






54 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

CHILDREN. 

(Besides three who died young.) 
I. Libbie A. 8 , b. August, 1859. 
II. George S., b. September, 1870. 

III. Mertie M., b. July, 1873. 

IV. Ira A., b. January, 1877. 

31. 

AMANDA W. 7 SAVERY (Isaac*, Isaac*, Uriah 4 , Thomas*, Sam- 
ueP. Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 4, 1831; and married Feb. 
12, 1854, Jacob H. Sexton, who was born July 29, 1829. 

CHILDREN. 

1. William Henry 8 , b. Dec. 7, 1854; m. March 28, 1876, Anna L. 

Skinner. 

II. Roscoe C., b. Oct. 10. 1858; d. March 29, 1862. 
III. Isaac Franklin, b. Feb. 10, 1862. 



32. 

JAMES C. 7 SAVERY (Samuel*, Isaac*, Uriah 4 , Thomas 3 , 
Samuel 2 , Tfiomas 1 ), was born Nov. 30,1824; married Jan. 20, 
1852, Anne Noland, a native of England. He was among the 
first settlers of Des Moines, Iowa, and largely interested in the 
building up of that city ; was one of the founders of the Ameri- 
can Emigration Company, which was instrumental in settling 
nearly a hundred thousand Scandinavian people in the Western 
States; is now (1892) engaged in banking and in Western 
lands, as well as mining in Montana. Resides in New York 
City. His wife died in New York City, April 14, 1891. She 
was a woman of rare intellectual endowment and great learn- 
ing. Among the many eulogies written at her death, the fol- 
lowing was by one who ranks among the first as a scholar, 
lawyer, and judge, and who had known her many years : 

"Mrs. Savery was a woman of wonderful capacity for acquiring knowl- 
edge, gifted with a marvellous memory and great mental activity, added to 






THE OLD COLOXY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 55 



untiring industry. She was a close student from childhood. She became a 
linguist, a lawyer, lecturer, a fine classical scholar, and enforced her ideas 
with a strong, vigorous pen and by eloquent speech from the public 
rostrum. 

" She graduated with the highest honors at the Law School of the 
University of Iowa, was admitted to the bar and licensed to practise in 
the Supreme Courts ; not for the purpose as she expressed it of 
entering upon the practice of law, but to furnish woman with an example 
and as evidence that the learned professions were open to her sex. She 
then turned her attention to travel, and during her frequent visits to 
Europe she wasted little time at the gay capitals, but sought out those 
historic grounds where she could study the buried past and the lives of 
those great actors who had made a nation's history and left their names 
upon her monuments. 

" She gathered in the classic treasures of Greece and Rome and studied 
Bible history through Egypt, Palestine to Jerusalem, and became more 
familiar with it than most of the learned theologians. She seemed to me 
to have read all history, all religions, and was one of the best Shakespearian 
scholars I ever saw, an unceasing thinker and worker in any field of knowl- 
edge. Having accustomed herself to compact analogical reasoning, her 
conversations more nearly resembled prepared discourses, which if taken 
down at the time \vould have required no revision of its rhetoric or grammat- 
ical construction. And yet, w T ith such gifts as I have but briefly sketched, 
she seemed to have so little appreciated her own powers of original 
thought, that when solicited by a publisher and by her intimate friends to 
prepare a set of essays upon different themes to which she had given her 
principal thought, she \vould reply (as she once did tome), 'It is not 
more books that people need, but more readers for books already printed. 
Whatever I might have to say has already been said in books already 
made, and has been expressed in better form than I can put it in.' 

u Realizing the fact that her disease might terminate her life at any 
moment, she talked about death with the same freedom and cheerfulness 
she would upon an anticipated journey to Europe or elsewhere. 

"She was a Theosophist, a firm believer in reincarnation and immor- 
tality." 



33. 

ADOLPHUS 7 SAVARY (Benjamin*, Isaac 5 , Uriah 4 , Thomas*, 
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born Jan. 17, 1824; and was educated 
at public school No. 15, New York City, under the celebrated 
teacher, William A. Walker, in a class which has furnished 
many eminent men ; entered the Sophomore class of the New 



5(3 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

York University at the early age of fourteen ; left before gradu- 
ating on account of the removal of his parents from the city ; 
finished his studies as a civil engineer in Boston with Samuel 
Nott and Francis Darricott ; has followed that profession all his 
life, and has had charge of some important works in the United 
States; married, 1st, April 13,1853, Adeline Burgess, of Ware- 
ham, who was in the eighth generation from Thomas Burgess, 
who came from England in 1630. (See Burgess Genealogy.) 
Her father was first cousin of the late Bishop Burgess, of 
Maine ; a woman of very superior intellect. She died June 
20, 1864. He married, 2d, May 18, 186T, Julia A. C. Bourne, 
eighth generation from Richard Bourne, who settled in Sand- 
wich, 1632 ; lives at East Wareham. 

CHILDREN. 

By first wife : 

I. Walter Burgess 8 , b. Jan. 28, 1855; m. Dec. 23, 1884, Elleii 
Frances Bourne. Ch. : (1) lalossa Bourne 9 , b. Sept. 13, 
1885; d. Sept. 13, 1887. (2) July 1, 1888, Warren Hapgood. 
(3) Aug. 24, 1892, Emma Mabel. 
II. Edith, b. June 8, 1856; d. Aug. 16, 1856. 

III. Beatrice, b. Aug. 21, 1859; d. Oct. 18, 1859. 

IV. Philip Adolphus, b. Sept. 24, 1860; m. at Taeoma, Washing- 

ton Territory, May 28, 1890, Xellie H. Perry. 
V. Richard Adrian, b. April 9, 1864; d. July, 1864. 

By second wife : 

VI. Julia Adeline, b. Aug. 30, 1868. 

VII. Arthur Bourne, b. Jan. 14, 1872. 

VIII. Benjamin Clifton, b. Dec. 20, 1873. 

IX. Wiliiam Cooper, b. July 7, 1875. 



34. 

COL. RICHARD GURNEY T SAVERY (Phineaa*, Isaac?, 
Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Dec. 9, 1812, 
and moved with his parents when five years of age to their 
new home in New York State. In 1840 he married Cor- 
nelia Delano, no doubt a descendant of Philip de la Noye, who 
came over in the " Fortune " in November, 1621, and was, as his 







ANNE NOLAND, 
WIFE OF JAMKS C. SAVERY. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 57 

name imports, of French or Walloon origin, a Protestant 
refugee with the Pilgrims at Leyden.* Having, in face of the 
great difficulties presented in what was then a new country, 
obtained a good education, part of it after he was of age, 
he became, while a young man, head master of the principal 
institution of learning in Rome, N. Y. He early interested 
himself in the politics of the country, and, while carrying on 
successfully a mercantile business in Rome, and accumulating a 
large property there, he was, in 1848, appointed postmaster 
of the city, the first Republican who had filled that office. He 
is said to have held more public positions than any other man 
in the county of Oneida. Among others, he filled for about 
ten years those of deputy and chief superintendent of the Erie 
Canal with great vigor and efficiency, carrying on at the same 
time a farm in Blossvale. He held the commission of colonel 
of the 46th Regiment of New York State Militia from 1856 
until it was disbanded in 1862. He was a most public-spirited 
man, of a genial disposition and generous instincts. His hospi- 
talities were unstinted, and his contributions to public charities 
and the support of the Baptist Church, of Avhich he was a mem- 
ber, most liberal. His second wife was Mrs. Patience Forward, 
of Blossvale, N. Y., where he lived after his health began to 
fail about eight years before his death, which occurred Feb. 1, 

1892. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Phineas 8 , died in infancy. 

II. Frederic, m. Harriet Beers, and has ch. : (1) Fanny 9 , d. ; (2) Al- 
bert; (3) Flora; (4) William, d.; (5) Cornelia; (6) Everett. 

35. 

HENKY 7 SAYERY (Phineas Q , Isaac?, Uriah 4 , Thomas*, SamueV, 
Thomas 1 ), was born 1818 ; married Martha Rogers ; was captain 
of a military company; died 1880. 

* Although the name is spelt De la Noye in the list of the passengers by the " Fortune," 
there is reason to suppose he was the son of Jean and Marie Delaunay, who was 
baptized in the Walloon church at Leyden in 1603. The Walloons bear the same racial 
relationship to the French as the Welsh do to the English. Both were survivors of 
the original Celtic tribes who inhabited the Southwest of Europe, but had to yield to 
invasions of stronger tribes, Angles, Jutes, and Saxons in England, and Franks in 
Gaul and " Gallia Belgica," now Belgium. 



58 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Esther 9 , ra. John Williams ; d. leaving four children. 
II. Mary, m. Adams. 

III. Alice, d. 

IV. Phineas. 

V. Sarah, m. Vroman. 

VI. Arabella, m. Charles Graves. 
VII. George H., d. 

36. 

HOSEA C. 7 SAVERY (Phineas*, Isaac*, Uriah*, Thomas*, Sam- 
uel 2 , Thomas^, was born March 23, 1827 ; married, 1st, Nancy 
Hartwell ; 2d, Caroline Stanahil, of New York, and lives in 

Chicago. 111. 

CHILDREN. 

By first wife : 

I. William Alonzo 8 , m. and has one daughter ; resides (1892) Deans- 
ville, Oneida County, X. Y. 
By second wife : 

II. Hannah 8., b. May 1, 1857; m. 1876, Gardner H. Grower. Ch. : 
(1) Benjamin, d. ; (2) Walter; (3) Belle; (4) Lena; (5) Ray- 
mond. 

III. Roscoe Conkling, b. Oct. 30, 1858 ; m. March 20, 1878, Nettie 

Cooper. Ch. : (1) Walter A., b. Aug. 27, 1881. R. C. 8 SA- 
VERY resides (1892) in Wabash Avenue, Chicago. 

IV. Isabella II., b. Aug. 15, 1861 ; m., 1883, John J. Kelly, member 

of the Board of Examining Engineers, Chicago. Ch. : 
(1) William; (2) Walter. 

V. Richard Gurney, b. Nov. 3, 1863; m. 1885, Laura B., dau. of 
Hon. Thomas Allanson. Ch. : (1) Ruth 9 ; (2) Thomas Allan- 
son. RICHARD GURNEY S SAVERY is an attorney at law, 
and now holds the position of special agent of the Inte- 
rior Department, General Land Office, Portland, Ore. 
VI. Josephine M., b. Sept. 21,1864; m. 1886, George Zimmer. Ch. : 

(1) William 9 ; (2) Arthur; (3) Belle. 
VII. Xelsoii H., b. Sept. 4, 1872. 
VIII. Joseph D., b. Sept. 21, 1874. JOSEPH D. 8 SAVERY resides 

(1892) in Chicago. 
IX. Mabel F., b. Sept. 12, 1877. 

37. 

LouiSA 7 SAVERY (Phineas 6 , Isaac*, Uriah 4 , Thomas*, SamueP, 
Thomas 1 ), was born 1830 ; married George H. Rowland, and 
lives at Rome, N. Y. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 59 

CHILDREN. 

1. Isabel 8 , b. Sept. 18, 1851. 

II. Willard G., b. Jan. 28, 1854. 

III. Caroline, b. Dec. 26, 1856; d. Oct. 15, 1863. 

IV. Edward U.. b. Sept. 12, 1858. 

V. Richard Gurney Savery,b. June 10, 1863; m. June 10, 1889, Mary, 
dau. of William Johnston, of Wappinger's Falls, Dutchess 
County, N. Y. State, of Scotch descent. Ch. : (1) Isabel 9 , b. 
March 25, 1891. RICHARD G. S. 8 ROWLAND is city editor of 
the Rome semi-weekly Citizen. 
VI. Clesson B., b. Oct. 19, 1867. 



38. 

BARNABAS NYE T DOUGLAS (Patience Savery* and George 
Douglas, Nathan*, Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), married a 
Miss Swift, of Bourne, Mass. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Caroline S. 8 , b. Aug. 8, 1830. 
II. Phoebe, b. May 18, 1832. 

III. George, b. May 20, 1834; d. July 29, 1836. 

IV. Moses S., b. March 21, 1837. 
V. George, twin of Moses. 

VI. Pamela C., b. July 1, 1840. 

VII. James Oscar, b. Aug. 12, 1843. 

VIII. Edwin D. L., b. April 17, 1845. 

IX. Mary A. King, b. Dec. 26, 1847. 

X. Elizabeth F., b. March 24, 1850. 

XI. Charles A., b. Oct. 26, 1853. 

39. 

BETSEY 7 DOUGLAS (Patience Savery* and Creorge Douglas, 
Nathan 5 , Uriah 4 ", Thomas*, Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born July 14,. 
'1793 ; and married Nathaniel King. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Catherine Clark 8 , b. Aug. 2-7, 1815. 
II. Charles Franklin, b. March 4, 1818. 

III. Betsey M., b. Feb. 9, 1820; m. John Ryder, of Rochester; d. 

IV. Patience Maria, b. April 28, 1822. 
V. Mary Ann, b. Jan. 21, 1824. 

VI. Nathaniel, b. April 9, 1829. 
VII. Lucy B., b. Jan. 7, 1833. 



60 THE SAVERY FAMILIES 

4O. 

PATIENCE 7 SAVERY (Nathan*, Nathan*, Uriah*, Thomas*, 
Samuel-, Thomas 1 ), was born June 12, 1803 ; and married Ben- 
jamin Chamberlain ; lived at Acushnet, and died Feb. 20, 1885. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Benjamin Allen 8 , b. Feb. 28, 1827. Besides at Carver. 

II. Patience Maria, b. July 8, 1832; m. Dr. S. S. Gifford, East 

Stoughton, Mass. ; died leaving two children : (1) Sarah ; 
(2) Charles. 

III. Sarah Caroline, b. Nov. 2, 1834; m. Samuel Porter. 

IV. James Edwin, b. March 6, 1837. Resides at Acushnet. 

V. Nathan Savery, b. Dec. 23, 1845. Dr. NATHAN SAVERY* 
CHAMBERLAIN graduated M. D. from the Harvard Medical 
School in 1866, and practised his profession in Marlborough, 
Mass.; m. Dec. 25, 1868, Miss Antonia Harvey, of 
Boston. He d. Oct. 31, 1884, of typhoid fever, at the 
early age of 38 years. Says a contemporary paper : "When 
the sad news circulated about town, a feeling of universal 
sorrow and sadness pervaded all classes, for never has there 
died in this town a man more widely known, respected, or 
beloved, or one whose loss is more sincerely mourned. He 
was so intimately connected with such a large number of the 
social organizations in this and other towns, in many of 
which he held high office, and as a skilful physician closely 
related to many a home circle, whose confidence, love, and 
respect he always received and retained to the last, that his 
death makes a void that cannot be filled." He was "an 
honored member of the Massachusetts Medical Society, State 
medical examiner for his district, and surgeon of the 6th 
Begiment M. V. M." From the same paper I extract the fol- 
lowing lines, " written by a friend " : 

"TO N. S. C. 

41 O friend of many, cold and still in death, 
While others all thy praises tell, and twine 
With loving hands a wreath for that pale brow, 
This simple tribute to thy name I bring ; 
Upon thy bier this flower in mem'ry cast. 
Lover of nature, when thou layest low, 
The skies were sad, and in the darksome night 
That saw thee die, all nature, weeping sore, 
Wove of her tears a mantle pure and white, 
And spread it o'er her breast to mourn thee, dead. 






THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 61 

Ah ! never more thy smile will welcome hers, 
And nevermore unto our call of need 
Thy answering presence come with swift relief; 
For oft, beside our bed of pain and woe, 
Thy form has stood, a star of Jiope and strength, 
And in thy look and voice, so pitying kind, 
We thought we read a heart like his of old, 
The Great Physician named, w r ho walked on earth 
With healing steps among the sick and sad. 
O friend, so needed, by whose care 'we live, 
Yea, to whose death, perchance, we owe our life, 
We mourn thy loss ; and for sweet sympathy 
In pain or grief, and kindliest help and cheer, 
Thy debtors, we will give our tenderesf thoughts 
To those, thy dearest ones, who miss thee most, 
And wait, in vain, for thy returning step, 
Whom ne'er again thy love and care shall bless. 
With them we mourn, yet know thou livest still 
In many a grateful heart, that, like a harp 
Whose strings long tremble with a silenced tone, 
Will quiet memories keep of one kind hand, 
. Whose touch waked glad response in many souls. 
Farewell ! sweet peace and rest from toil be thine. 
Why didst thou go? Thy voice I hear reply, 
As once I heard, ' 'Tis right, we may not see, 
And yet, by law divine, all, all is right.' " 

He left ch. : Harry 9 , 12, and Clara, 10 years of age. 

41. 

HIRAM NYE T S A VERY (Nathan 6 , Nathan 5 , Uriah 4 , Thomas 3 , 
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ^, was born Aug. 18, 1806; and married 

Polly Vaughan. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Cordelia 8 , m. George Clark, Fairhaven, Mass. 

II. Betsey, m. Kichard Bolles, Pittsburgh, Va. 

III. Sarah, m. Daniel Wing, Holyoke, Mass. 

IV. Mary Elizabeth. Miss MARY ELIZABETH^ SAVERY is teacher of 

a ladies' school at North Adams, Mass. 

42. 

AARON 7 SAVERY (Nathan*, Nathan*, Uriah 4 , Thomas 3 , 
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was twin brother of Hiram Nye ; married, 
1st, Sept. 18,1828, Eleanor Bisbee ; 2d, Phoebe Burroughs; 
3d, Mary Peck. 






62 THE S A VERY FAMILIES. 

CHILDREN. 

By first wife : 

I. Charles W. 8 , of New Bedford, the only living male descendant 
of Nathan 5 in Massachusetts bearing the family name. He 
m. 1st, Eliza A. -Peckham; 2d, Dec. 20, 1883, Emma A. 
Macumber. 
II. Marion, m. Freeman Munson; d. 

III. Xathau, d. 

By third wife : 

IV. Eleanor, b. 1852; m. William Bateman, of Fairhaven. 
V. Henrietta, b. 1855; m. Andrew Shooks, of Fairhaven. 

VI. Hannah, b. 1856; m. Herbert Vincent, of Fairhaven. 
VII. Mary Elizabeth, b. 1860; m. Fred. Barrows. 

43. 

RiCHARD 7 SAVARY G (Nathan*, Nathan*, Uriah*, Thomas*, 
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born July 14, 1813 ; married Jan. 
24, 1834, Betsey Keene, of Fairhaven, Mass.; and died July 
7, 1865. "A scholar and a gentleman; at one time wealthy; 
an inventor of polished Russia iron, a spring gate, and a head- 
ing machine, and a method of uniting brass and iron." He 
lived in Pittsburgh, Penn. His widow died Aug. 7, 1891. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Maria E. 8 , b. Jan. 1, 1835; m. Joseph Salyards, who d. 1861; 
resides at Lomoui, Iowa. Ch. : (1) Richard Savary 9 . Rev. 
RICHARD S. 9 SALYARDS, a minister and editor, m. Zaide 
V. Smith, who d. Jan. 8, 1890. Ch. : (1) Emma Marie 10 , d. ; 
(2) Zaide Aleen; (3) Joseph Richard; (4) Richard Savary. 
II. Helen Marie, b. Feb. 2, 1837; m. Rev. Thomas E.Lloyd, of 

Independence, Mo. Ch. : (1) Nellie M. 9 
.54 III. Cecilia J., b. Sept. 20, 1840. 

IV. Mary M., b. March 17, 1842; m. Wm. H. CTDwyer, formerly of 
Canada ; counsellor at law, New York City. 

V. Jeannette Evelyn, b. 1845; d. 9 months old. 
VI. Antoinette, b. 1849; d. in infancy. 

VII. Clara L., b. 1851 ; m. 1st, Philip L. Brennau; 2d, John French. 
Resides in Boston, Mass. Had three children, of whom Clara 
F. 9 Brennan survives. 

VIII. Richard H. B., b. Jan. 1, 1853; d. 1854. 
. IX. Jeannette, d. aged 3 years. 

X. Alma O., b. 1858 ; m. William C. George, Pittsburgh, Penn. ; d. 
leaving ch. : (1) EdnaE. 9 ; (2) Richard Savary ; (3) AlmaO.; 
(4) Merciue Marie. 






THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 63 

44. 



MARY ELIZABETH ? SAVARY (Sabine & , Nathan 5 , Uriah*, 
Thomas?, Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), married Richard Pattison Mc- 
Givern, a native of Dunmanway, county Cork, Ireland, who 
died on the 31st May, 1892, aged 82. He was long a leading 
and highly respected merchant and citizen of St. John, N. B. 
His brother, Rev. John McGivern, was for many years the be- 
loved rector of St. George's, N. B. 

CHILDREN. 

f 

I. Mary Elizabeth 8 , d. in early infancy. 

II. Eliza Helen, m. Nov. 18, 1874, John Fletcher Taylor, of 
Taylor Bros., prominent merchants and ship-owners of St. 
John, a young lady of very superior mental and moral 
qualities, whose early death on Aug. 7, 1876, left a great 
blank in the family and social circles of which she was a 
brilliant ornament. She held a special place in the heart of 
the compiler of this work. Ch. : (1) Frederic Eichard 9 , b. 
Sept. 11, 1875. 

III. James Sabine, b. Dec. 8, 1851; m. Maria, dau. of Rev. Wm. 

H. Snyder, rector of Mahone Bay, N. S., whose father was 
a Loyalist from New York, of German extraction, and 
mother a daughter of Col. Taylor, a prominent Loyalist 
and member of the Nova Scotia Legislature. Her mother 
was a daughter of James R. DeWolf, of Liverpool, N. S., a 
prominent member of the same Legislature. Ch. surviving : 
(1) Nellie 9 ; (2) Richard James; (3) Annie MacLauchlan. 

IV. Annie Gertrude, m. Dec. 10, 1873, George Leatham McKean, 

a native of Armagh, Ireland, a leading merchant of 
St. John. Ch. : (1) Mary Ethel 9 ; (2) William Kirk Barton; 
(3) George Robert. 

V. Richard Pattison, b. Dec. 30, 1854; B. A., University of New 
Brunswick, barrister at law, and for several terms alder- 
man of the city of St. John; m. Aug. 11, 1891, Emma 
Louise, dau. of Chas. Taylor, of St. John, grand-daughter 
of Morris, and great-grand-daughter of Col. Taylor, before 
mentioned. Ch. : (1) Margaret Constance 9 , b. Sept. 3, 1892. 
VI. John Henry, b. June 3, 1857; M. D. of the University of New 
York, in which city he practises his profession; m. Ida 
Tuttle jMacdonough, of Brooklyn, N. Y. Ch. : (1) Edith 
Miriam 9 , b. Feb. 23, 1892. 
VII. Clara Olive. 



64 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

45. 

ALFRED WILLIAM T SAVARY (Sab ine 6 , Nathan*, Uriah\ Thomas*, 
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), born Oct. 10, 1831 ; graduated M. A., 
at King's College, Windsor, N. S., the oldest university in 
Canada. Studied law and practised four years in St. John, N. B. 
Returned to Nova Scotia, and practised in Digby; was inspec- 
tor of schools for Digby County three years ; member for the 
same county in the first and second Parliaments of the Dominion 
of Canada (1867 to 1874) ; created queen's counsel 1870, and 
was appointed judge of the newly established county courts 
for the counties of Annapolis, Digby, and Yarmouth, Aug. 21, 
1876. Married Feb. 20, 1877, Bessie Crookshank, daughter of 
Henry P. Otty, of St. John, N. B., whose father. Allen 
Otty, a retired commander in the Royal Navy, was born in 
the old Danish town of Whitby, in Yorkshire, Nov. 18, 1784. 
The name Otty is Scandinavian, and with the birthplace,* fixes 
the descent of the family from the Danish invaders of England. 
" Saxon, and Norman, and Dane are we." It is akin to the 
German Otto, Otho, etc., still used as a Christian name on the 
Continent, but rarely among English-speaking people not of 
German origin. Under the older forms, Ote, Otte> Otere, 
Ala in Otere, the name is found in English records from the 
thirteenth to the fifteenth centuries, and Otere in the Domesday 
book. LOW&- says that " Walter Fitz Other [which would now 
be expressed' 4 Walter, the son of Otty"], the celebrated castel 
Ian of Windsor, temp. William I., the ancestor of the Fitzger- 
alds, Gerards, Windsor, and other great families, was the son 
of Otherus, a great landowner under Edward the Confessor." 
Here we have the name Latinized, whence we Have a retransla- 
tionwith the favorite English termination e ory (old English e, 
modern y). Ingram, in his translation of the Saxon Chronicle, 
says the name was Oht-here, or Ocht-here, i. e., " Terror of 
an army " (oht or ocht, a host, or army, and here, fear). " Fear 

* Whitby, meaning " white town," was founded by the Danes. The termination by, 
in Danish towns, la equivalent to the ville in Norman, and ton in Saxon. 




I> loss IK (\ OTTV, 
LATE WIFE OK THE AUTHOR. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 65 

inspiring," " terrible in war," is the meaning usually assigned 
to it by writers on names. Her father's mother was Elizabeth, 
daughter of Andrew Crookshank and Elizabeth Irons, son of 
George Crookshank, a Loyalist from New Jersey, of Scotch 
birth. Her mother's name was Hetty, daughter of John Howe, 
formerly Postmaster General of Nova Scotia and New Bruns- 
wick, and Hetty Haines, of Halifax, said to be of German 
descent. He was son of John Howe 5 , a Loyalist from Boston, 
and Martha, daughter of William Minns, who came to Boston, 
I believe, from Great Yarmouth, England, about 1738. Joseph 
Howe 6 , the celebrated political leader and Canadian statesman, 
was son of John Howe 5 by a second wife. They trace to an 
immigrant ancestor, Abraham Howe, of Roxbury, Mass., sup- 
posed to have been born at Hatfield, Broad Oak, Essex, Eng- 
land, through lasac 2 , Isaac 3 , Joseph 4 . The following is from 
the inscription on the monument to her memory in the Church 
of England cemetery at Digby : " A woman of most amiable 
disposition and rare mental gifts; a daughter, wife, and mother 
of exquisite tenderness of devotion ; a Christian of unassuming 
piety, wide charity, and active benevolence. Born Nov. 29, 
1851 ; died suddenly Oct. 8, 1887. Many daughters have done 
virtuously, but thou excellest them all." The following obit- 
uary notice appeared in the Digby Courier : " The news of the 
sudden demise of Mrs. A. W. Savary on Saturday morning last 
was received with feelings of the deepest sorrow by the many 
friends by whom she was loved and respected. She was a true 
lady, a fond and devoted wife and mother, and full of kindly 
sympathy for others in their hour of sorrow and trouble, a 
sympathy which was practical, and often took a substantial form 
to those whose needs rendered such an expression necessary. 
This is the truest charity 4 which thinketh no evil,' and finds 
its fullest expression in acts of benevolence and words of kind- 
ness. At two o'clock on Monday, the time appointed for the 
funeral, the shops in the town were closed, and from every 
flagstaff colors were hung at half mast. A large number of 



6(J THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

persons, including many from Wey mouth and other parts of 
the county, were present to show the last mark of respect to 
one so highly esteemed. Prayers were offered at the house by 
the Rev. Dean Filleul, of Weymouth, and the Rev. R. Mc- 
Artlmr, after which the remains were conveyed to Trinity 
Church, where, the usual services being held, the cortege pro- 
ceeded to the Episcopal cemetery. Here kindly hands had 
lined the grave with flowers and green moss, and all that was 
mortal was consigned to its last quiet resting place. As the 
solemn words, 4 earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust,' 
fell on the ears of the listeners, many a silent tear-drop bore mute 
testimony to the general sorrow. The earth was replaced, the 
mourners sadly departed, and the autumn leaves dropped noise- 
lessly over the grave of a most estimable lady whose place 
in society will long remain unfilled." 

He married, 2d, June 16, 1892, Eliza Theresa, daughter of 
the late Rev. Abraham Spurr and Catherine (Johnstone) Hunt. 
Rev. A. S. Hunt, Baptist clergyman and superintendent of 
education in Nova Scotia, was son of Elijah and grandson of 
Benjamin Hunt, who was a Loyalist colonel in .the Revolution- 
ary War, of New York or New Jersey, and probably descendant 
of Thomas Hunt, who came to Westchester County, N. Y., in 
the time of Cromwell.* 

His mother was a daughter of Abraham Spurr, of an old An- 
napolis County family. Catherine 4 Johnstone was daughter of 
Dr. Lewis Johnstone, physician, of Wolfville, N. S., by his first 
wife, May Cunningham, of Jamaica, and niece of Hon. James 
W. Johnstone, for twenty-five years leader of the Conservative 
party of Nova Scotia, a most eloquent orator and profound 
jurist. Lewis 3 Johnstone was, through William Moreton 2 
Johnstone, grandson of Lewis 1 Johnstone, of the family of the 
Johnstones, Earls of Annandale, with plausible claims to the 
title, now dormant, who served the British government in high 

* See Hunt Genealogy, by Wyman. Thomasi was supposed to be son of Thomas 
Shropshire, England, and a descendant of Richard of Shrewsbury. 






THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 67 



offices in Georgia, and is said to have been the last Royal gov- 
ernor of that Province, and who married a Miss Peyton, of an 
old Georgia family. William Moreton 2 Johnstone, a distin- 
guished Loyalist officer, married Elizabeth, who was daughter of 
John, and grand-daughter of Rev. Gustavus Philip Lighten- 
stone, a Protestant clergyman of Cronstadt, Russia, a descend- 
ant of Count Lichtenstein, an Austrian, and was also of some 
Jewish extraction; her mother was Catherine, daughter of 
Philip Delegal, a French Protestant, also a high British official 
of that day. Elizabeth (Lightenstone) Johnstone was a lady 
of strong character and great talents and attainments, and her 
life, owing to the troubles of the times, was one of peculiar 
and romantic vicissitudes, recorded by her, with notes on 
events of a more public character, in an interesting and valu- 
able manuscript never yet published. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 

I. Thomas William 8 , b. Jan. 8, 1878. 
II. Effie Howe, b. Feb. 4, 1879. 

III. Henry Phipps Otty, b. Sept. 12, 1880. 

IV. John Howe, b. Jan. 28, 1882. 

[From O'Byrue's "Naval Biography."] 

44 CAPT. ALLEN OTTY, R. N., COMMANDER, 1815, F. P. 14, H. P. 30. 

"Allen Otty entered the navy, 15th August, 1803, as A. B., on board the 
4 Helder ' guard ship, in the river Humber, Capts. Edmund Hawkins and 
Benjamin Walker. From April, 1806, until promoted to the rank of lieu- 
tenant, 14th April, 1810, he served chiefly in the capacity of master's 
mate, a rating he attained 9th May, 1805, in the ' San Josef ' and ; Ville de 
Paris,' of 110 guns, 'Caledonia,' 120, and 'Barfleur,' 98, flagships (on the 
Channel and Lisbon stations) of Sir Charles Cotton, Lords Gardiner and 
Gambier, and Hon. Lord George Crawford Berkley. His succeeding ap- 
pointments were, to the 'Impeterix,' 74, Capt. John Lawford; 'Phipps,' 
gun brig, Capt. Christopher Bell; and 'Goshawk,' sloop, Capt. Jas. 
Lilburne, Thos. Ball Clowes, and Hon. Wm. John Napier; to the gun- 
boat service on the river St. Lawrence, and to the 'Constance,' 18, and 
'Minstrel,' 20, both commanded by Capt. Peter Fisher. On the night of 
29th April, 1812, we find him serving with boats of ' Goshawk,' and of a 
squadron under command of Capt. Thos. Usher, and acquiring the greatest 
praise for his undaunted courage in a brilliant attack on the enemy's 






gg THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

privateers and batteries in the Mole of Malaga, an enterprise which, 
though partially successful, terminated in a loss to the British, out of 149 
officers and men, of fifteen (including Capt. Lilburne) killed, and fifty- 
three wounded. After having acted for a period as commander of the 
' Star ' sloop in North America, Mr. Otty was confirmed in his present 
rank of commander, by commission bearing date 1st July, 1815. During 
the two following years he appears to have had command of the Mon- 
treal' and 'CharwelV on the lakes of Canada." 

"GEORGE CROOKSHANK. 

[Compiled by H. P. OTTY, ESQ.] 

" Geo. 1 Crookshank, a native of the Orkneys, Scotland, left Orkneys 
when a boy and came to America. The next we know of him was as Capt. 
George Crookshank, who sailed out of New York through the war. He 
settled in Red Bank, New Jersey ; had a family of five children, three sons 
and two daughters ; vi/., George, Robert, and ANDREW, and Rachel and 
Catherine. He died in St. John, 20th March, 1797. He must have left the 
Orkneys somewhere about 1740. 

" Georges Crookshank was in his Majesty's commissary; he was Deputy 
Commissary General in Canada, and afterwards a member of the Privy 
Council in Upper Canada. One daughter survives him, Mrs. Stephen 
Reward. 

" Robt. 2 Crookshank sailed for some years as captain in the merchant 
service, then settled in St. John, and entered the mercantile business (a, 
member of the firm of Crookshank & Johnston) . He died 6th May, 1861 ; 
aged 91. Two sons, Andrew and Robert, and two daughters are still 
living. 

" ANDREW 2 CROOKSHANK, born in New Jersey, came to St. -John with 
the second lot of Loyalists. He married Elizabeth Irons, a lady born in 
Elizabethtown, New Jersey. He was a merchant in St. John; died 13th 
February, 1815, aged 49 years. His wife died April 18, 1847, aged 87 
years. They had two children, Robert and Elizabeth. Robert married 
Hannah Otty (sister of Allen Otty), and ELIZABETH S married Allen Otty, 
R. N. 

" Rachel Crookshank married Dr. Macauly, a professor in a university 
or college in Upper Canada. 

"Catherine Crookshank married Hon. Peter McGill, of Canada, from 
whom McGill College, Montreal, derived its name. 

" As Colville is a family name, I mention here Capt. John Colville was 
an uncle of ANDREW CROOKSHANK; he died in St. John, Nov. 17, 1808, 
aged 70 years. 

"Capt. Allen Otty married Elizabeth Crookshank at York, Upper 
Canada, 8th August, 1818. He died at Darlings Island, King's County, 
N. B., 15th March, 1859, aged 74 years. His wife died same place, 7th 
August, 1852, aged 51 years." 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 69 

[From Lawrence's "Footprints of St. John."] 

"In early years Prince William Street was a fashionable street for 
residences, and later for business, merchants residing over their stores. 
The oldest building in St. John is the Crookshank House in that street, 
erected by John Colville, one of the first merchants. He died there Nov. 
17, 1808, aged 70 years." 



46. 

DEIDAMIA 7 SAVERY (Uriah 6 , Nathan 5 , Uriah*, Thomas 3 , 
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was bom Nov. 14, 1824; and married Feb. 
17, 1846, John Smith, a native of Hull, England ; died May 
26, 1884, an exemplary Christian parent and citizen. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Charles 8 , b. June, 1847 ; d. 1848. 

II. Uriah Savery, b. July 21, 1849; m. Oct. 7, 1879, Alma Alice 
Lewis, of Weymouth, N. S. ; she d. He resides in New York 
City. 

III. William K., b. Nov. 8, 1851 ; m. Jan. 15, 1875, Marie Sophronia 

Cleveland, of Margaretsville, N. S., of New England ex- 
traction, and doubtless of same family as President Cleve- 
land. 

IV. Lizzie A., b. July 8, 1853; m. June, 1880, R. Douglas Hardy, 

Granville, N. S. 

V. Deidamia, fc. March 28, 1855; m. May 28, 1877. Frank E. 
Thomas, of Hill Grove, Digby County; now a widow residing 
with her son, C. ELDON S THOMAS, in New York City. 
VI. John Havelock, b. March 21, 1857 ; perished in shipwreck with 

his uncle, Albert Savery, March 20, 1878. (See No. 19.) 
VII. EnaM.,b. May 26, 1859; m. July 4, 1878, Judson A. Reed, 

of Hill Grove, Digby County. Resides at Waltham, Mass. 
VIII. Ada May, b. Aug. 1, 1861 ; m. Oct. 24, 1888, Herbert E. 
Warner, son of Charles T. Warner 7 , who was son of William 
Warner and Orrilla Savery 6 . (See No. 4.) 
IX. Cassie B., b. June 10, 1863. 
X. Hattie K., b. April 1, 1865; m. Nov. 28, 1888, Charles W. Rice, 

of Waltham, Mass. 
XL Emma A., b. Sept. 16, 1866. 



47. 

JOHN DEAN 7 S A VARY (Nathan* the younger, Nathan*, Uriah*, 
Thoma, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 *), was bora April 22, 1836 ; and 



7Q THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

married, 1st, Feb. 14, 1856, Sarah Jane Tibbitts ; she died Dec. 
15, 1878 ; 2d, April 28, 1881, Elizabeth Milner. 

CHILDREN. 

By first wife : 

I. Sabina J. 8 , b. Nov. 15, 1858. 
II. William E., b. Dec. 25, 1860. 

III. Norman D., b. Feb. 4, 1862. 

IV. 3Iiner II., b. May 7, 1864. 
V. Ehnira E., b. Oct. 4, 1867. 

VI. Sarah A., b. Oct. 23, 1869. 

VII. Ida M., b. April 26, 1874. 

VIII. John A., b. May 27, 1877. 

By second wife : 

IX. Pha>be A., b. Sept. 11, 1883. 

X. Deidamia II., b. Aug. 11, 1885. 

XI. Lizzie I., b. June 7, 1887. 

XII. Charles II. Spurgeon, b. April 11, 1889. 

XIII. Carrie P., b. March 3, 1891. 

48. 

JOSEPH H. 7 S A VARY (Nathan* the younger, Nathan 5 , Uriah\ 
Thomas?, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 )^ married Lizzie, daughter of Joseph 
J. Raymond, of Beaver River Corner, Digby County, where he 
resides. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Annie 8 , b. Aug. 13, 1878. 

II. Lita Vale, b. July 22, 1880. 

III. George Murray, b. Dec. 1, 1S83. 

IV. Joseph Henry, b. Aug. 15, 1885. 



EIGHTH GENERATION. 
49. 



RUFUS L. 8 SAVERY (Stillman 1 , Thomas*, Thomas 5 , Uriah*, 
Thomas*, SamueP, Thomas 1 ), born Jan. 29, 1834 ; married 
March 19, 1858, Harriet Hatheway, and resides at Marion, 
Mass. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 71 

CHILDREN. 

I. Ward W. 9 , b. May, 1860; graduated B. A., at Yale College, 

1884; and in 1891 a law student at Chicago, 111. 
JI. John Thomas, b. October, 1861 ; d. Sept. 20, 1882. 

III. Herbert W., d. April 3, 1881. 

IV. Elmer E., b. July, 1864; d. Oct. 25, 1881. 
V. Esther L., b. November, 1872. 

VI. Charles L., b. February, 1880. 
VII. Rufus H., b. 1881. 
VIII. Harriet. 



5O. 

STEPHEN PORTER S SAVERY ( George C. 1 , Isaac 6 , Isaac*, Uriah 4 , 
Thomas B , Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born Dec. 11, 1841 ; joined 
the 4th Michigan Volunteers in 1861, and served in the 
national forces, except for short intervals, when invalided, 
throughout the Civil War, interrupting for that patriotic pur- 
pose his studies at the University at Ann Arbor ; assisted Capt. 
DeGoyler in enlisting a company of light artillery, known as 
Battery 26, and sometimes as DeGoyler's battery, in which he 
at first held the commission of second lieutenant. He was after- 
wards promoted to a captaincy, and December, 1862, was placed 
in command of Co. G, Second Regiment, Illinois Artillery ; 
was in the battle of New Madrid (where his battery sunk the 
enemy's gunboat " Mississippi "), and at that of Holly Springs, 
and in command at Davis's mill, where he signally defeated 
Gen. Vardum, who attacked his position with an immensely 
superior force ; was in command at Island No. 1 0, Mississippi 
River, and in several other important services ; and, ranking as 
major under Gen. Hurlburt at Memphis, Tenn., where he was 
organizing a home guard for the defence of the city, he died 
there of smallpox, June 25, 1864. " He lived and died a 
Christian soldier." 

" How sleep the brave who sink to rest, 
By all their country's wishes blest." 



72 THE S A VERY FAMILIES. 

He married Feb. 3, 1863, Julia P. Foster, and had one child, 
born Nov. 25, 1863, and died Sept, 19, 1864. 

51. 

ISAAC SANFORD SAVERY (George C. 7 , Isaac*, Isaac**, Uriah*, 
Thomat?, SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born Dec. 11, 1843 ; married 
Sept, 3, 1868, Cornelia Rogers. Like his brother, Capt. 
Stephen Porter Savery, he served in the Michigan volunteer 
infantry during the entire Civil War, and was wounded in the 
leg. He is a member of the G. A. R. Resides at Salem, Mich. 

CHILDREN. 

1. Effie J. 9 , h. Nov. 25, 1869. 

II. Wirt Ira, b. Oct. 14, 1873. 

III. George P., b. Dec. 17, 1877 ; d. Aug. 2, 1878. 

IV. Vesta P., b. Nov. 9, 1879. 
V. Ray L., b. Jan. 9, 1883. 

VI. Coda J., b. Feb. 19, 1887. 

52. 

HENRIETTA E. 8 SAVERY (George C. 1 , Isaac 6 , Isaac?, Uriah 4 , 
Thomatf, Samuel? \ Thomas 1 ), was born Jan. 15, 1847 ; and 
married Nov. 27, 1871, George A. Smith. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Lloyd De Witt 9 , b. Aug. 14, 1873. 
II. Harry II., b. Feb. 2, 1876; d. in infancy, 
III. Ford Savery, b. Nov. 23, 1877. 

53. 

HENRY R. 8 SAVERY (George C. 1 , Isaac*, Isaac 5 , Uriah 4 , 
Thomatf, SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 23, 1848 ; married 
Jan. 14, 1880, Lida Van Houghten. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Ethel M. 9 , b. July 10, 1881. 

II. Rex T., b. Aug. 20, 1883. 

III. George Clyde, b. June 10, 1885. 

IV. Donna, b. Feb. 16, 1887. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 73 

54. 

CECILIA J. 8 SAVARY (Richard 1 , Nathan*, Nathan^, Uriah*, 
Thomas*, Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born Sept. 20, 1840 ; married 
Dr. Enoch Pearce, son of Enoch and Rachel (McKenzie) 
Pearce, who was born at Westminster, near Baltimore, Md. ; 
a physician and surgeon of eminence, and writer on medical 
topics. He filled many important positions, military surgeon, 
examiner, etc., during the Civil War, a prominent member of 
the State Medical Society of Ohio, and chairman of the Com- 
mittee on the Incurable Insane, a member of the Ninth Inter- 
national Medical Congress at Washington, 1887, etc., etc. They 
reside at Steubenville, Ohio. 

CHILDREN. 

I. George Grant 9 , graduate of Steubenville High School, and Duff's 

Commercial College, Pittsburgh, Va. 
II. Jessie B. 

III. Frank Savary, a graduate with honors of Pennsylvania Medical 

College, and resident physician, Presbyterian Hospital there. 

IV. Olive B. 

V. Beulah. 

VI. Enoch Stanton. 






THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. 

SUBDIVISION B. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 
1. 

THOMAS 4 SAVERY (Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born 
April 26, 1710 ; and married Priscilla, daughter of Ichabgd Pad- 
dock, the ancestor of the North and South Carver branches. 
But few reliable traditions concerning him have come down to 
us. It is said that he was carried away as a prisoner of war 
to one of the French West Indies, and kept there two years. 
There is sufficient to indicate that he was fairly prosperous, and 
respected in the community where he lived. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Bethia 5 , b. Feb. 19, 1735-6; m. Rogers. 

2 II. Thomas, b. July 1, 1736. 

III. Priscilla, b. May 8, 1739 ; m. Ezra Burbank. 

3 IV. William, b. Aug. 12, 1744. 

V. Esther, b. Jan. 7, 1746; m. 1st, John Allen; 2d, William 

Stephens. 
VI. Ruth, b. June 8, 1749; d. Sept. 14, 1754. 

4 VII. James, b. Dec. 13, 1752. 

VIII. Ruth, b. March 27, 1755 ; m. Dr. Coy. 

5 IX. Lemuel, b. July 7, 1759. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 
2. 

DEACON THOMAS* SAVERV (Thomas*, Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , 
Thomas 1 ), was born July 1, 1736 ; married, 1st, Zilpah Barrows; 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 75 

2d, Aug. 10, 1763, Hannah Bennett, of Middleboro; 3d, Mary 
Crocker; 4th, Mary Shurtliffe. A man well known, highly re- 
spected, and long remembered for his intelligence and shrewd- 
ness, genial disposition, and probity of character. Died March 
13, 1822. 

CHILDREN. 

By first wife : 

6 I. Mary 6 , b. Aug. 20,1761. 

II. Thomas, b. March 7, 1764; d. young 

7 III. Peleg, b. March 7, 1764. 

By second wife : 

IV. Zilpah, b. Aug. 16, 1766; m. William Cushman ; d. March 11, 
1789. He d. March 5, 1849, aged 85. 

8 V. Mercy, b. June 26, 1768. 

3. 

WILLIAM 5 SAVERY (Thomas*, Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ], 
born Aug. 12, 1744 ; married Lydia, daughter of George 
Holmes. According to the traditions handed down by the 
writer's grandfather, lie was the favorite cousin and companion 
of the latter in their youth ; of tall, slender, and erect figure, 
he met his death at an early age by an accidental fall from a 
building. His widow married twice afterwards, an Atwood 
and a Clark. 

CHILDREN. 

I. William 6 , b. Sept. 2, 1769. 

9 II. Thomas. 

10 III. George H. 

IV. Sarah. 

V. Joanna, or Joey. 

4. 

JAMES 5 SAVERY (Thomas 4 , Thomas 3 , Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was 
born Dec. 13, 1752 ; married June 18, 1774, Mercy Burbank. 
Both died quite young. They had six children, of whom I have 
the names of four, the rest probably dying young. I cannot 
give the order of birth of these. 



76 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

CHILDREN. 

11 I. James 6 . 

12 II. Ruth, b. 1780. 

III. I'rtecilla, m. Greenleaf, and went to Maine. 

IV. Caroline, was probably the one who m. Seth Morton; lived to 

the age of 96 ; had a son Seth, and daughters Caroline, Mercy, 
Betsey, Harriet, and three others. 

5. 

LEMUEL* SAVERY (Thomas 4 , Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), 
was. born July 7, 1759; married (intentions recorded June 18, 
1785) Elizabeth "Deverson," or Davidson, widow of George, 
who had been married to Elizabeth Stephenson, Jan. 4, 1777. 
She came from Canada with father, mother, and brother 

Jasper. 

CHILDREN. 

13 I. John 6 , b. Oct. 24, 1786. 

II. Elizabeth, b. July 28, 1788; m. Isaac Dunham, whose son, Rev. 

Isaac 7 Dunham, is a Trinitarian Congregational minister at 
East Bridgewater, Mass. ; was several years chaplain to the 
Senate of Massachusetts; a useful and respected minister 
of the gospel. 

III. William, b. Feb. 2, 1790; unm. ; probably d. at sea. 

14 IV. Lemuel, b. Sept. 1, 1792. 

V. Samuel, d. young. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 
6. 

MARY 6 SAVERY (Thomas 5 , Thomas*, Thomas 5 , Samuel 2 , 
Thomas 1 ), eldest child of Dea. Thomas Savery, was born 
Aug. 20, 1761 ; and married Job Cole. 

CHILDREN. 
15 I. Samuel 7 , b. 1780. 

IF. Zilpah, b. June 2, 1783; m. Barnabas Shurtliffe, of Carver; d. 
May 25, 1871. Ch. : (1) William 8 , b. July 9, 1806; d. March 
9, 1853. (2) Mary Savery, b. Dec. 18, 1808; m. Samson 
McFarlin; d. May 6, 1846. (3) .Barnabas, b. Aug. 9, 1812; 
m. Desire Irish, of Bangor, Me. ; d. Feb. 9, 1848. (4) Lo- 
throp, b. May 31, 1814; m. Elizabeth Whitmore; d. March 
4, 1879. (5) Zilpah Barrows, b. Sept. 17, 1823; m. Seneca 
R. Thomas. 






THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 77 

III. Ruth, b. Sept. 9, 1786 ; m. Zebedee Chandler, of Carver ; d. Aug. 

27,1834. He d. April 6, 1849, aged 63. Ch. : (1) Job Cole 8 , 
b. Dec. 13, 1804; m. Nancy B. Sherman, of Plympton. 

(2) Mary, b. April 25, 1806; m. Levi Shurtliffe, of Carver. 

(3) Caroline, b. Nov. 13, 1807; m. Job Morton, of Carver; d. 
Jan. 5, 1857. (4) Isaac, b. Sept. 21, 1809; d. Jan. 10, 182i. 
(5) Hannah, b. Sept. 11, 1811 ; d. Oct. 25, 1811. (6) Josiah, 
b. Sept. 12, 1812; d. Jan. 25, 1825. (7) Ruth C., b. Oct. 10, 
1814; m. Wra. F. Jones, of Barnstable. (8) Benjamin P. 
T., b. Oct. 3, 1816; d. April 29, 1818. (9) Mercy S., b. Oct. 
16, 1818; m. Samuel Ridgway, of Stoughton; d. Jan. 9, 
1853. (10) Albert F., b. Dec. 21, 1820 ; m. 1st, Sarah W, Tol- 
man; 2d, Martha E. Fuller. (11) Sarah B., b. Dec. 21, 
1825 ; m. Miles Pratt, of Carver. 

IV. Hannah, m. Ezra Thomas. Ch. : (1) Charlotte 8 , b. October, 1812 ; 

m. Phineas S. Burgess. (2) Ezra, b. May, 1814; m. Mary 
Briggs. (3) Lucy, b. Dec. 19, 1815. (4) Isaac S., b. 1816; 
m. Huldah Bunker, of New Hampshire. (5) Elizabeth, b. 
May, 1817 ; m. Winslow Burgess ; d. December, 1867. (6) Har- 
vey, b. July 2, 1825 ; m. Bhoda Morton, of Martha's Vineyard. 
V. Mary, m. John Freeman. Ch. : (1) Nancy B. 8 , m. Elkanah 
Shaw ; (2) Anna Maria, m. James B. Til ton ; (3) Polly, m. 
EliabWood; (4) Deborah, m. Hezekiah Cole. 

VI. Mercy, b. 1794; m. Micah Leonard. Ch. : (1) Theodora 8 , b. 
Sept. 14, 1812; m. John Vaughan; d. January, 1880. 

(2) George S., b. Feb. 20, 1819; m. Lydia Gammons. 

(3) Henry D., b. April 6, 1826; m. Elizabeth Barrows; d. 
Sept. 7, 1871. 

VII. Job, d. young. 

7. 

PELEG 6 SAVERY (Thomas 5 , Thomas*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , 
Thomas 1 ), born in Carver, Mass., March 7, 1764 ; and married 
Hannah, daughter of Joshna and Hannah Perkins, of Middle- 
boro, Mass., who was born July 25, 1763 ; was an amiable 
man, a good neighbor and citizen, honest and truthful. He 
reared a large family in comfort and respectability, but never 
sought to acquire extended property or possessions. He was a 
natural sportsman. His good-nature and aptness made " Uncle 
Peleg," as he was familiarly called, a great favorite with young 
as well as old. A wit and a wag, he was remarkably happy 
and quick at repartee. He died July 14, 1849. His widow 
died April 9, 1853, aged 89. 



yg THE S A VERY FAMILIES. 

CHILDREN. 

16 I. Thomas 7 , b. Oct. 25, 1787. 

i; II. John, b. Aug. 26, 1789. 

18 III- William, b. Xov. 2, 1791. 

19 IV. Zilpah, b. Dec. 27, 1793. 

20 V. Mary, 1). Jan. 22, 1797. 

21 VI. Hannah P., b. March 24, 1799. 

22 VII. Drusilla, b. Xov. 30, 1802. 

Peleg Barrows, b. June 7, 1805. 



8. 

MEKCY C SAVERY (Thomas b , Thomas 4 , Thoma^, Samuel?, 
Thomas 1 ), was born June 26, 1768 ; married Thomas Adams 4 , 
descended from Francis Adams 1 , who was born in Cheshire, Eng- 
land, A. D. 1677, and died at Kingston, Mass., April 16, 
1758, through Thomas 2 , Joshua 8 . He died Sept. 1, 1810. She 
afterwards married Dr. Gad Hitchcock, of Hanson, and died 
March 19, 1838. The following obituary notice -of her, from the 
4 > Old Colony Memorial," I cite from the "Adams Genealogy " : 
"Died in Boston on the 19th hist., Mrs. Mercy Hitchcock, aged 
69 years, widow of the late Dr. Gad Hitchcock, of Hanson, 
Mass. During her last illness she evinced an extraordinary 
degree of patience and resignation ; and such was her con- 
fidence in God, and so bright were her hopes of a glorious 
immortality, that death was disarmed of its terrors; and she 
would exclaim, 4 Though I walk through the valley of the 
shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for the Lord is my strength 
and my salvation.' For her children she ever manifested an 
unusually strong and self-sacrificing affection, which entwined 
around her the tenderest sensibilities of their hearts. In the 
benevolent operations of the day she took the deepest interest, 
and the distressed and afflicted never appealed to her sympathy 
in vain." 

CHILDREN. 

I. A daughter 7 , b. at Plympton, Feb. 10, 1790; d. same day. 

II. Thomas, b. Aug. 10, 1794; d. Aug. 10, 1795. 

III. Thomas, b. Dec. 23, 1795; d. Aug. 23, 1796. 

IV. John, b. Jan. 20, 1797 ; m. Nancy Pratt, of Carver. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 79 

V. George, born July 26, 1800; d. Jan. 14, 1803. 
VI. Thomas, b. Aug. 6, 1802; m. Eunice Bigbee, of Pomfret, Vt. 
VII. Mary, b. November, 1805; m. 1st, John Bent, of Middleboro; 

2d, Watson Gordon, of Croydon, N. H. 
24 VIII. George, b. Jan. 10, 1807. 



9. 

THOMAS 6 SAVERY (William 5 , Thomas*, Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , 
Thomas 1 ), born before 1769 ; married, 1st, July 23, 1791, 
Abigail Everson. She died, as I believe, 1805, but perhaps 
earlier; 2d, March 28, 1806, Joanna, daughter of Ezra Bur- 
bank, of Plymouth. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 

I. Lydia Holmes 7 , b. Feb. 9, 1792; m. Bartlett Faunce. 
II. Sally, b. September, 1794; m. 1st, Thomas Faunce; 2d. 
III. Abigail T., b. August, 1796; m. Thomas Spinney, of Boston. 
IV. George, b. Dec. 26, 1798; sailor in the navy; d. unm. 

By second wife (Joanna Burbank) : 
V. Sophia, b. Jan. 24, 1807 ; m. John A. Spinney. 
VI. Joanna Holmes, b. Sept. 24, 1808. 

VII. Thomas, b. Sept. 23, 1810; m. Fanny Smith; lived only one 
year, leaving one child, which also d. His widow m. Windsor 
ftavery, son of Nehemiah, of the Middleboro Severys or 
Saverys. (See No. 50, Severy and Savery Family.) 
VIII. Mary, b. Aug. 11, 1814; m. 1st, Henry Dunstan; 2d, John 
Alexander ; 3d, Charles Soule ; 4th, Aaron Sampson. 

25 IX. William S., b. Sept. 17, 1816. 

X. Priscilla Paddock, b. 1819. 

26 XI. Joseph B., b. June 15, 1820. 

XII. Phoebe S., b. April 27, 1826; m. Francis Paulding. 

I here reach a genealogical difficulty. It is asserted that 
George, fourth child in regular order, died unm. Another 
account, not so well verified, has it that the one who 
died in the navy, unmarried, was named William. There 
is a faint tradition of three marriages of Thomas, one 
between those which I have stated as first and second 
marriages. I tbink that a George 7 , who survived and 
married, should come in here, and although probably 
born before any of the children by the marriage with 
Joanna Burbank, it will be convenient, on account of the 
uncertainty of date of birth, to put him below. 
2T George. 



80 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

10. 

GEORGE H. 6 SAVERY ( William 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas?, Samuel 2 , 
Thoma* l \ married Nov. 4, 1804, Mary, daughter of Peter 
Lanman; and died in South America. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Eli/a 7 , m. Xahum Johnson, of Bridge water. 

II. Sally. 

III. Hiram. 

IV. Mary X., m. Solomon Hardy. 

V. George H., m. Dorothy Guruey, of Abiugton, and had a 
daughter, Mary Elizabeth, m. Stephen Holmes. Geo. H. 
Savery died at South Abington, Mass., in 1881, aged 64. 



11. 

JAMES P| SAVERY (James 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas*, SamueP, 
Thomas 1 ), married Olivia Shurtliffe. " He was a man of 
feeble constitution, but by careful attention to the laws of 
health, preserved a fair degree of physical vigor. He was 
conscientious, and aimed at doing right, as far as he could see 
the right, both in public and private affairs. He early recog- 
nized the sinfulness of slavery, and was the first; in his town 
to vote the abolition ticket. Then he stood alone, but the.! 
next year he had the satisfaction of seeing six vote with 

him." 

CHILDREN. 

28 I. WilliamS. 7 
II. Susanna L. 

III. MaryS. 

IV. James, m. Jan. 24, 1833, Almira W. Cushman ; no children. 
V. Thomas, d. under 25. 

29 VI. Priscilla. 

VII. Benjamin; prepared for a university course, but died befoi 
entering. 

12. 

RUTH 6 SAVERY (James 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas*, Samuel 
Thomas 1 ), was born in 1780; and married Levi Morse, 
Middeboro, who was born 1777, and died May 4, 1857 ; si 
died Jan. 3, 1864. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 81 

CHILDREN. 

r. Mercy B. 7 , b. Dec. 10, 1799; m. 1822, Otis Cobb, of Carver; d. 
Dec. 31, 1840. Ch. : (1) Benjamin R. s , b. 1823, d. 1825; 
(2) Otis, b. March, 1827; (3) Mary B., b. Aug. 16, 1837. 
30 II. Levi, b. Aug. 26, 1802. 

III. Hannah, b. Feb. 1, 1807; m. Sept. 21, 1834, Ichabod Sampson; 

d. Sept. 26, 1885. Ch. : (1) Ruth Savery 8 , b. Aug. 17, 1835; 
(2) Josephus, b. April 29, 1837; (3) Thomas W., b. March 
7, 1840. 

IV. Ruth S., b. Aug. 10, 1809; m. April 10, 1831, Lewis Holmes, 

of Plymouth; d. April 1, 1835. Ch. : (1) Isabella F. 8 , b. 
1832, d. 1835; (2) Lewis J., b. May 27, 1834. 
V. Thomas, b. Aug. 26, 1812; d. Aug. 25, 1838. 
VI. Elisha, b. Sept. 12, 1816 ; m. April 28, 1841, Rachel F. French. 
VII. Luther, b. Feb. 2, 1820; d. Sept. 20, 1824. 

VIII. Cephas, b. June 6, 1823; m. June 2, 1850, Susanna E. Bradford, 
of Plympton. Ch. : (1) Cephas 8 , b. April 3, 1851 ; and others. 



13. 

JOHN 6 SAVERY (Lemuel!*, Thomas 4 , Thomas*, Samuel 2 , 
Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 24, 1786 ; removed when young to 
Oxford, N. EL, where he married, 1810, Abiah Butterfield; and 
died 1819. His widow survived him seven years. 

CHILDREN. 
31 I. John Stephenson 7 , b. Aug. 8, 1812. 

II. William, b. Sept. 3, 1814; d. June 4, 1849, in New York; un- 
married. 

III. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 23, 1815; m. in New York, April 18, 1848, 

E. IV. Bradley, who died March 6, 1868 ; and has son, GEORGE 
W. 8 , b. Sept. 20, 1840, living at Greenfield Hill, Conn. 

IV. George W., b. Aug. 20. 1818 ; removed young to Chicago, where 

he married, and had three children, whose names and records 
I have been unable to obtain. 

14, 

LEMUEL 6 SAVERY (Lemuel 5 , Thomas*, Thomas 3 , Samuel' 2 , 
Thomas 1 ), was born Sept. 1, 1792 ; married Oct. 9, 1816, Rizpah, 
daughter of Eleazer Thomas, of Middleboro, whose mother 
was Rizpah Bryant; and died at Plymouth, June 23, 1834. She 
was born Sept. 3, 1797, and died at Middleboro, Nov. 25, 
1882, aged 85. 






g2 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Emily Williams 7 , b. Feb. 13, 1819 ; m. 1st, Rev. - - Walker ; 2d, 

Silas Dean, of Middleboro. 
II. William Thomas, b. Dec. 24, 1820; m. Dec. 12, 1842, Silvia C. 

Alexander. 
III. Elizabeth Stephenson, b. Oct. 30, 1822 ; intentions of marriage 

recorded Nov. 13, 1840, to Henry S. Ryder. 
32 IV. Samuel Munson or Marstou, b. Nov. 7, 1825. 

V. Cordelia Bartlett, b. Feb. 29, 1828; m. Robert Cole, of Middle- 
boro. 
VI. Ann Maria, b. June 12, 1834; d. Sept. 14, 1836. 



SEVENTH GENERATION. 
15. 

SAMUEL COLE T (Mary Saver/ and Job Cole, Thomas?, 
Thomas 4 , Thomas*, Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born 1780 ; married 
Sally Morton, of Plymouth ; and died April 1, 1843. She died 

Oct. 23, 1855. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Mary 8 , b. Nov. 30, 1803; m. Winslow Wright, of Plymouth. 
II. Sarah, b. Aug. 4, 1806; m. Ephraim Paty, of Plymouth, who d. 
in California. 

III. Samuel, b. Sept. 25, 1808 ; m. 1st, Hannah Burgess, of Plymouth ; 

2d, Jane Morton. 

IV. Job T., b. Jan. 24, 1811 ; m. 1st, Hannah Frye; 2d, Lucy Frye; 

both of Andover. 
V. Esther S., b. April 23. 1813; m. William Beekman; d. June 28, 

1856. 

VI. Martha M., b. March 14, 1816; m. Charles T. Holmes, of Plym- 
outh ; d. Oct. 25, 1844. 

VII. Deborah B., b. May 3, 1819 ; d. April 30, 1837. 
VIII. Caroline E., b. Sept. 1,- 1822; d. Sept. 12, 1842. 
IX. Jane R., b. Feb. 19, 1825 ; d. Sept. 28, 1827. 



16. 

HON. THOMAS 7 SAVERY (Pdecf, Thomas 5 , Thomas*, The 
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 25, 1787; married Betsey 
Shaw. He was a selectman of Wareham in 1820 ; elected a 





HON. JOHN SAVERY 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 83 

county commissioner, May 12, 1835 ; a member for Warehamin 
the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1840 ; and was a 
member of the Executive Council of the State under Governor 
Clifford in 1853, and under Governor Washburne in 1854. 
He filled these high public positions with ability and honor, and 
died May 15, 1873. His widow died Jan. 29, 1885, aged 94 
years 8 months 18 days. 

CHILDREN 

33 I. John 8 , b. Nov. 3, 1815. 

II. Thomas, b. April 8, 1819; d. Sept. 23, 1820. 
III. Elizabeth Shaw, b. Jan. 26, 1828; d. Oct. 28, 1828. 

17. 

JOHN 7 S A VERY (Peleg*, Thomas*, Thomas*, Thomas*, Sam- 
uel?, Thomas 1 ), was born in Carver, Aug. 26, 1789 ; married 
Polly Atwood. The Atwoods were among the earliest comers 
and first settlers of Plymouth. I quote from the " History of 
American Manufactures," published in 1867 : " John Savery, 
the founder of the Phoenix Works in Jersey City, together with 
his son William, a man eminently qualified by natural endow- 
ments for success in business pursuits, united in 1838 and 
established the works in Jersey City. Mr. Savery was a pioneer 
in developing American manufactures. He served an appren- 
ticeship at the trade of a moulder. He made cannon balls in 
the War of 1812. In fact, he was the first who succeeded in 
making a perfect cannon ball at the foundry where he learnt 
his trade. He made balls which were used by the U. S. frigate 
4 Constitution ' in her memorable engagement with the 
Guerriere.' His first partnership was with Hon. Benjamin 
Ellis at the extensive works in Carver, next at Albany, N. Y., 
last at Jersey City, N. J." Although he neither sought nor 
coveted office, yet he was early appointed selectman, and twice 
elected to the State Legislature. He could be elected from his 
town when no other man of the Whig party could. He died 
April 17, 1853 ; his widow, April 23-, 1883, aged 90. 






84 THE SAVEIIY FAMILIES. 

CHILDREN. 

34 I. William 8 , h. Oct. 26, 1815. 

35 II. Polly, b. April 18, 1818. 

30 III. Hannah Perkins, b. Nov. 13, 1820. 

37 IV. Waitstill At wood, b. Nov. 25, 1822. 

V. John, b. Sept. 30, 1825; d. December, 1826. 

18. 

WILT JAM 7 S A VERY (Pelef, Thomas 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas?, 
Samuel 2 , thomas } )< was born at Carver, Mass., Nov. 2, 1791 ; 
and married Oct. 5, 1817, Abigail Fearing. After an appren- 
ticeship as shipping clerk in the office of his brother-in-law, 
Benjamin Ellis, Esq., of Carver, he entered into a copartnership 
with his brother Thomas in an extensive hollow-ware business 
at Wareham, operating a foundry for the manufacture of such 
wares at Agawam. Later he became engaged extensively in 
shipping, owning property in many vessels. After a prosper- 
ous and honorable mercantile career, he retired from business, 
and was for twenty-five years a director of the Wareham National 
Bank, and filled with honor various other positions of impor- 
tance in fiscal and social affairs. He died Aug. 31, 1881 ; his 
\vilV had died July 9, 1873, aged 77 years 8 months 26 days. 

CHILDREN. 

I. William Curtis 8 , b. Xov. 30, 1818; d. Jan. 22, 1822. 
II. Abigail Fearing, b. Jan. 19, 1821 ; d. Feb. 16, 1834. 

III. Mary Ellis, b. April 3, 182.3; m. 1st, July 30, 1843, Joseph 

Bartlett, of Wareham ; 2d, Gad Kobinson. of Bridgewater ; 
d. Sept. 27, 1889. 

IV. Tirzah Tobey, b. Aug. 30, 1825; m. Aug. 7, 1852, Sturgis Chad- 

dock, of Boston. 
V. Hannah Perkins, b. Oct. 31, 1827; m. March 22, 1850, John H. 

Kobinson, of Falmouth. 
VI. Bartlett Murdock, b. March 4, 1830. BARTLETT M. 8 SAVERY is 

a prominent merchant of New York City 

38 VII. William, b. Dec. 11, 1832. 

VIII. Abby Caroline, b. Sept. 14, 1836; unm. 

19. 

ZiLPAH 7 SAVEKY (Pdeg\ Thomas 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas*, 
Samuel*, Thomas 1 ), was born Dec. 27, 1793 ; and married Wil- 
liam Murdock. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 85 

CHILDREN. 

I. Abigail 8 , b. May 3, 1818 ; m. Eufus C. Freeman; d. Oct. 5, 1864. 
II. William, b. Sept. 6, 1820 ; m. Fanny Maria Evans, of Baltimore. 

2O. 

MARY 7 SAVERY (Pe% 6 , Thomas', Thomas 4 , Thomas*, Sam- 
ueP, Thomas 1 ), was born Jan. 22, 1797 ; married Feb. 14, 
1818, Benjamin Ellis, of Carver; and died May 30, 1879. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Louisa Jane 8 , b. April 13, 1819 ; m. Joseph Pratt. 
II. Matthias, b. May 29, 1825; m. Sallie Forsyth, of Albany; d. 
Nov. 21, 1879. Ch. : (1) Helena 9 , m. John Stewart Elliot, 
of Xew York; (2) Marie Louise, m. Thomas Gaff, of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

21. 

HANNAH P. 7 SAVERY (Peleg^, Thomas 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas*, 
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born March 24, 1799 ; and married 
Bartlett Bent ; died 1890. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Anmira 8 , b. Aug. 1, 1825; m. Mr. Peacock, of Brooklyn, X. Y. 
II. Bartlett, b. Sept. 11, 1829; m. Sarah Peacock. 
III. Thomas Savery, b. Sept. 12, 1833; m. Mary Peacock. 

22. 

DRUSILLA 7 SAVERY (Pdeg*, Thomas*, Thomas 4 , Thomas*, 
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Nov. 30, 1802; and married 
Gamaliel Fuller. 

CHILDREN. 

I. John Savery 8 , b. July 11, 1828 ; m. Susan Cobb. 
II. Drusilla, b. Feb. 22, 1841; m. John S. Carter. 

23. 

HON. PELEG BARROWS T SAVERY (Peleg*^ Thomas', Thomas 4 , 
Thomas*, SamueP, Thomas^), was born in Carver, June 7, 1805 ; 
and married May 22, 1834, Julia Eliza, daughter of the late 
Charles and Lydia (Reno) Conklin, of Albany, N. Y., a cousin of 



86 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

the late distinguished senator, Roscoe Conklin. As iron manu- 
facturer and dealer in iron ware, he was a member of the firm 
of Savery, Shaw & Co., of Albany, N. Y., and of Savery & Co. 
in Philadelphia, which lie established in 1838. He was a gen- 
tleman of kindly and amiable, courteous and genial disposition, 
possessing in a remarkable degree the elements of large 
personal popularity, making friends everywhere. Like his 
father, lie was an excellent sportsman, and devoted much of his 
leisure to his favorite amusement. He was a member of the 
Senate of Pennsylvania. Died Sept. 15, 1863. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Julia Antoinette 8 , b. Aug. 22, 1836; d. Feb. 18, 1837. 

39 II. Charles Conklin, b. Jan. 2, 1838. 

(0 III. William Henry, b. Aug. 10, 1847. 

IV. Mary Ellis, b. Dec. 7, 1855 ; d. Feb. 4, 1879. 

V. Alanson Spenser, d. young. 

This closes the record of the children of Peleg Savery, of 
Carver, all of whom filled honorable and prominent positions in 
society, in commerce, and in politics. 



24. 

GEORGE 7 ADAMS (Mercy Saver^ and 'Thomas Adams, 
Thomas' i Thomas*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born in 
Boston, Jan. 10, 1807 ; married Hannah S. Harlow, of Plym- 
outh. Was the author of the " Genealogy of the Descendants 
of Francis Adams," his ancestor, who came to New England in 
1692, and to whose labors I am also indebted, mainly, for a record 
of the descendants of Dea. Thomas 5 Savery, and of the births 
and marriages of the deacon's brothers and sisters, all of which 
I have here incorporated. He left Boston in 1811, and lived 
in Carver and neighboring towns till 1823, and in 1835 re- 
moved to Boston. In 1846 he began the publication of the 
"Boston Directory," and subsequently directories of other 
cities and towns in New England and elsewhere. The firm of 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 87 

Adams, Sampson & Co., of which he was the founder, was 
widely known as the largest publishing house for that class of 
books in the country. Died in Newton, Oct. 4, 1865. 

CHILDREN. 

I. George W. 8 , b. Aug. 10, 1830; m. Mary A. Holland. 
II. Hannah, b. July 27, 1832 ; m. Dr. Edward A. Spooner, of Plym- 
outh, now in Philadelphia. 

III. Sarah S., b. Oct. 17, 1840 ; d. March 12, 1842. 

IV. Theodore Parker, b. July 24, 1845; m. Aug. 11, 1869, Ellen B. 

Cushman, of Plymouth. THEODORE P. 8 ADAMS, teacher of 
a preparatory school and much devoted to genealogical re- 
search, resides in Boston, Mass. 



25. 

WILLIAM S. 7 SAVERY (Thomas 6 , William*, Thomas*, Thomas 3 , 
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Sept. 17, 1816 ; and married May 
14, 1837, Ruth Ann Barrett. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Augusta S. 8 , b. Feb. 22, 1838 ; m. 1855, Lorenzo F. Simmons. 
II. George, lives at Rockland. 

III. Emeline P., b. 1850; m. June 30,1872, Russell T. Bartlett, 
and probably others. 

26. 

JOSEPH B. 7 SAVERY (Thomas 6 , William 5 , Thomas*, Thomas 3 , 
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born June 15, 1820 ; married Mary Ann, 
daughter of George Thrasher. Resides at Savery's Pond, near 
Plymouth, Mass., a locality known by that name for genera- 
tions. 

CHILDREN. 

41 I. Thomas G. 8 , b. Sept. 19, 1843. 

27. 

GEORGE 7 SAVERY (Thomas*, William 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas 3 , 
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), date of birth unknown ; married Catherine 
Baxter, of Hyannis, Mass., who died April 20, 1848. 



88 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

CHILDREN. 

1. Samadrus", b. 1829; m. LydiaC. Sturgis; d. Dec. 12, 1889. Ch. : 
(1) Mary C. 9 , b. 1856; m. Jan. 9, 1876, Eugene Crowell. (2) 
Ida, 1). 1859; m. 1878, Edgar Evans. (3) Frederic A., b. 
1801 : in. Augusta Jones. (4) Eugene H., b. 1863; m. Lois 
Xewcomb. (5) Alon/o C., b. 1865 ; m. Myra Edsou. (6) Bes- 
sie, b. 1867 : in. John Williams. (7) Lily C., b. 1869 ;ra. Charles 
Fuller. (8) George H., b. 1871. (9) Chester, b. 1874. 
(10) Bertie, b. 1877. (11) Alice, b. 1880. 

II. Sarah P., m. 1S41, Frederic Ames, of Cotuit; d. February, 1888. 
Xo children. 

28. 

WILLIAM S. 7 SAVERY (Jame/; James*, Thomas*, Thomas', 
SamueP, Thomas 1 ), born Aug. 23, 1801; married, 1st, Susan 
Shurtliffe ; 2d, Joanna Waterman. Was a member of the 
Massachusetts House of Representatives one term, and a justice 
of the peace many years. Resided at North Carver, Mass. ; died 

Dec. 23', 1870. 

CHILDREN. 

By first wife : 

I. Mary T.% b. June 24, 1832; m. Lewis Sherrett, of Trimshaw 
Park, Blackburn, Eng. Ch. : (1) William L. 9 , b. in Carver, 
Sept. 9, 1859; (2) Susan, b. Aug. 7, 1864; d. Oct. 15, 1869. 
WILLIAM L. SHERRETT was a young man of fine intellect and 
great industry. He held a position in the Pension Depart- 
ment at Washington five years, and while there qualified him- 
self for the profession of the law at Georgetown University, 
and was admitted to the Washington Bar in 1889 ; and also, 
during this time, studied medicine and surgery at Howard 
University, Washington, where he graduated M. D., 1890. 
Was Deputy Grand Master of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and high up in Masonry. He died of consumption 
in Florida, 1890. Mrs. Sherrett died suddenly of paralysis, 
July 31, 1892. 

II. Angeline A., b. Sept. 30, 1833; d. Feb. 27, 1840. 

III. William S., b. April 24, 1835 ; went to sea, fate unknown. 

IV. Francis A., b. October, 1836; d. March 16, 1840. 

V. Benjamin Harrison, b. April 9, 1841 ; m. Hattie L. Holmes, of 
Plymouth, where he resides. Ch. : (1) Harrison Stephen. 
b. May 3, 1872. (2) Lewis Winslow, b. Aug. 17, 1874; d. 
Jan. 20, 1875. (3) Wolcott Smith, b. March 7, 1878. 
(4) Aurissa Wrn., b. March 7, 1878. BENJ. H. 8 SAVERY, who 
d. Dec. 15, 1892, served honorably during the war, in the 
38th Massachusetts Regiment. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 89 

29. 

PmsciLLA 7 SAVEKY (Jame&, James*, Thomas 4 , Thomas*, 
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), married James Sullivan Holmes, and now 
resides at Lawrence, Mass. 

CHILDREN. 

I. James Aristides 8 . 
II. Thomas Savery. 
III. Olivia Shurtliffe. 



30. 

LEVI T MOUSE (Ruth Savery^ and Levi Morse, James*, Thomas 4 , 
Thomas 5 , Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ^), was born Aug. 26, 1802 ; married 
March, 1834, Sally Tinkham, who was born March 13, 1805. 

CHILDREN. 

I. . Wilson 8 , b. Feb. 1, 1825 ; in. and had three children, of whom 

one, Elisha, is living (in 1887). 
II. Ezra", b. July 17, 1837 ; m. and has live children, all living in 1887. 

III. Emily, b. Feb. 6, 1839; m. Baxter; four children. 

IV. Sarah, b. Jan. 10, 1841 ; d. Oct. 4, 1858. 

V. Harrison, b. Nov. 7, 1842 ; in., four children. HARRISON S MORSE 
is a leading citizen of Brockton, Mass., of which city he has 
been councilman and alderman. 

VI. Bradford, b. May 4, 1848; m. June 22, 1871, Ella A., daughter 
of Oilman P. and Jane W. (Pratt) Keith, of North Middle- 
boro. Ch. : (1) Ruth 9 , b. Aug. 1, d. Aug. 5, 1878. BRAD- 
FORD 8 MORSE was captain of Co. I, 1st Reg., M. V. M. 
Infantry, four years. Removed to California, and engaged 
in fruit raising. City marshal and tax collector, Riverside, 
Cal. 

31. 

JOHN STEVENSON 7 SAVERY (John*, Lemuel, Thomas 4 , 
Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born probably at Oxford or 
Lyme, N. H., Aug. 8, 1812 ; and with his brother and sister, 
William and Elizabeth, removed young to New York City, 
where he married Lydia Dare, who died May 13, 1868. He 
was proprietor of a hotel and restaurant in New York, but 



9Q THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

resided with his family more than thirty years in Brooklyn. 
He tecame celebrated and popular as an anti-slavery and tem- 
perance orator, a fellow-worker in the canse of negro emancipa- 
tion with the illustrious William Lloyd Garrison. He readily 
undertook the circulation of Garrison's newspaper, the Liberator, 
when to do so involved great personal danger. His death, Jan. 
17, 1882, was extensively noticed in the American and 
Canadian press. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Harriet M. s , b. Oct. 20, 1838; m. 1858, Henry C. Bonnell, who 
died leaving her and one son, A. H. 9 Bonnell, b. Oct. 21, 1859. 
II. John S.,b. Dec. 21, 1842. 

III. Elizabeth, b. March 15, 1846 ; m. 1866, Albert 0. Stebbins; living 
at Worcester, X. Y. 



32. 

SAMUEL MARSTOX T SAVERY (Lemuel, Lemuel*, Thomas 4 , 
Thomav\ Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 }, was born Nov. 7, 1825. Inten- 
tions of marriage published April 18, 1847, to Nancy 
Ripley, daughter of Capt. Ansel Bartlett, of Plymouth. He 
died Jan. 16, 1862, of dislocation of the spine and consequent 
paralysis, caused by being thrown from a carriage. The Plym- 
outh Rock newspaper of Jan. 23, 1862, notices his death 
in two articles, speaking of him as a well and favorably known 
and enterprising business man. The widow is still (1887) 
living at Boston. 

CHILDREN. 

I. William Henry 8 , b. Oct. 9, 1844 ; m. April 10, 1874, Catherine Ag- 
nes, daughter of James Turley, of Portland, Me., where he 
resides. Ch. : (1) William Peters 9 , b. June 26, 1875 ; (2) Wal- 
ter James, b. July 1, 1880; (3) Charles Foster, b. April 28, 
1883. 
II. James C., b. Xov. 14, 1851. Was a soldier in the CJ. S. Army, 

and was killed at Black Hills, 1875. 
III. Samuel Marstou, b. Jan. 1, 1862 ; m., lives in Virginia. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 91 

EIGHTH GENERATION. 
33. 

JOHN 8 S AVER Y (Thomas 1 , Peleg 6 , Thomas 5 , Thomas*, Thomas 9 , 
SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born Nov. 3, 1815 ; married, 1st, July 
13, 1850, Elizabeth Ogle ; 2d, Aug. 6, 1859, Martha Adele 
Winslow, of Philadelphia. She died Dec. 5, 1892. Has rep- 
resented Wareham in the Massachusetts House of Representa- 
tives. Was for some time a member of the firm of Savery & 
Co., Philadelphia (see Peleg B. 7 , No. 23). During the war he 
rendered valuable service to the national cause, actively assisting 
in the organization of volunteer refreshment saloons in Phila- 
delphia, through which city all the Western regiments were 
obliged to pass on their way to Washington. Lives at East 
Wareham. 

CHILDREN. 

By second wife : 
I. John Maximilian 9 , b. in Philadelphia, July 26, 1864. 



34. 

WiLLiAM 8 SAVERY (John 1 , Peleg*, Thomas*, Thomas*, 
Thomas*, SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 26, 1815, and mar- 
ried Mary Page Van Schaack, of Albany, N. Y., daughter of Ste- 
phen and Harriet (Dunnell) Van Schaack. Resides at his seat, 
Leyden Cottage, South Carver, Mass., where he has always 
lived, except for about twenty years that he spent in New York 
and Jersey City. Has always been engaged in the business of 
iron manufacture, and in partnership with his father in Jersey 
City (see John 7 , No. 17), and the head and manager of the re- 
spected and well-known firm of John Savery's Sons, New York 
City. Although never ambitious for political office, he has- 
served as a member of the State Legislature, and in minor public 
positions. A man of great but unassuming and modest gener- 
osity, ever ready to assist the poor and the oppressed, his name 



$2 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

is mentioned with deep affection among his kindred, and esteem 
and respect by all who know him, far and wide. 

CHILDREN. 

42 I. William Egbert 9 , b. Sept. 23, 1841. 

II. Mary Page, b. Sept. 9, 1854; m. May 15, 1889, Josiah Jowett. 
III. Harriett D., b. Nov. 5, 1858. 

35. 

POLLY" SAVERY (John', Pelecf, Thomas 5 , Thomas*, Thomas*, 
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born April 18, 1818; and married 
Alexander Law. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Emma W. 9 , b. March 10, 1846; m. C. H. Dennett, and has two 
children. 

36. 

HANNAH PERKINS* SAVERY (John 7 , Peleg*, Thomas 5 , 
Thomax*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Nov. 13, 1820 ; 
married Samuel A. Shurtliff. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Abby F. 9 , b. Nov. 28, 1843; m. W. C. Ireland; no children. 

II. Charles A., b. March 7, 1848 ; d. June 28, 1854. 

III. Anna L., b. March 29, 1851. 

IV. Hannah S., b. Aug. 11,1855; m. Albert Partridge; one child, 

Marion Louise 10 . 

V. Grace A., b. Jan. 17,1858; m. Harry Hutchinson; one child, 
Ruth Allerton 10 . 

37. 

WAITSTILL ATWOOD* SAVERY (John 1 , Pelef, Thomas 5 , 
Thomas 4 , Thomas-\ Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born Nov. 25, 1822 ; 
married George P. Bowers; and died Jan 13, 1866. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Polly Savery 9 , b. Feb. 8,1848; m. Felice Cammilli, of Rome, 

Italy. 
II. Nancy C., b. May 4, 1853. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 93 

38. 

WILLIAM 8 SAVERY (William 7 , Pele/, Thomas*, Thomas 4 , 
Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Dec. 11, 1832 ; married 
Dec. 25, 1876, Ella Jane Bassett. Resides at Wareliam. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Sadie Louise 9 , b. June 9, 1879. 
IT. Waldo Bartlett, b. Dec. 30, 1883 ; d. Jan. 18, 1888. 



39. 

CHARLES CONKLIN S SAVERY (Peleg B. 1 , Pelef, Thomas 5 , 
Thomas 4 , Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Jan. 2, 1838 ; 
and was a member of the firm of Savery & Co., Philadelphia. 
He married Jan. 1, 1862, Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander 
Purves, who was born in Scotland, but brought up in New 
Hampshire, and whose wife, married in 1837, was Sarah A. 
Likens, born in Pennsylvania, and died Dec. 19, 1890, aged" 
73, leaving him surviving. Charles C. Savery died June 18, 
1880. The following is from an obituary notice : u Quiet, re- 
tired, truly kind to every one," his was " a generous heart to 
sympathize with all with whom he came in contact ; just in all 
his ways, true to the right under all circumstances, he so bore 
himself to his fellow-men that none can rise up to say aught 
against him." 

CHILDREN. 

I. Charles Peleg 9 , b. Jan. 13, 1863. 

II. Lewis Alexander, b. Oct. 15, 1864; d. when 21 months old. 

III. Fanny Mary, b. Oct. 25, 1866; d. when 7 weeks old. 

IV. Alexander Purves, b. Feb. 7, 1870; d. when 22 months old. 
V. Sarah Lydia, b. June 22, 1874. 

4O. 

WILLIAM HENBY S SAVERY (Peleg B. 1 , Peleg 6 , Thomas 5 , 
Thomas 4 , Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Aug. 10, 1847 ; 
and married Sept. 4, 1871, Rosey, daughter of the late (mari- 



94 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

time) Capt. James and Catharine (Maglellon) Taylor, of whom 
Bayard Taylor makes mention in his travels through the Holy 
Land, in 1851, being his guest at Smyrna, but not of kin. 
She was born April 21, 1843. On becoming of age he was 
admitted member of the firm of Savery & Co., and continued so 
till it ceased to exist, in 1876. Resides in Philadelphia. 

CHILDREN. 

I. William Henry Aloysius 9 , b. May 31, 1872 ; d. May 17, 1875. 

II. Francis Nelson, b. Jan. 16, 1874. 

III. William Aloysius, b. Feb. 17, 1876. 

IV. James Taylor, b. Sept. 5, 1879. 
V. Charles Conklin, b. Oct. 15, 1881. 



41. 



THOMAS G. 8 SAVERY (Joseph B. 1 , Thomas*, William*, Thomas*, 
Tliomas*, Samuel 1 , Thomas 1 ), was born Sept. 19, 1843 ; and mar- 
ried July 2, 1871, Laura A. Pierce. 



CHILDREN. 

I. Thomas F., b. July 27, 1873. 
II. Eddie C., b. Feb. 26, 1876. 
III. Florence E., b. Sept. 13, 1882. 



NINTH GENERATION. 
42. 



WILLIAM EGBERT 9 SAVERY (William 8 , John 7 , Peleg\ 
Thomax\ Thomas*, Thomas?, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Sept. 
23, 1841; married June, 1870, Sarah Louise, daughter of Dr. 
William Belcher, of Sing Sing, N. Y. Succeeding his father, 
he now carries on the business of the old firm of John Savery's 
Sons in Jersey City and New York. 



CHILDREN. 

I. Annie B.', b. Jan. 21, 1878. 
II. Ethel, b. Feb. 27, 1882. . 








WILLIAM L. SHEKKETT, M. D, 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION C. 95 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. 

SUBDIVISION C. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 
1. 

SAMUEL 4 SAVEKY (T~koma&, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born 
'probably at the Agawam Plantation, Aug. 18,1718; married 
by Rev. Roland Cotton, Dec. 25, 1739, Elizabeth Bumpas, 
probably sister of Deborah, wife of his brother Uriah. He was 
a man of ability and influence, a leading spirit in the affairs of 
his town and of Wareham, after it was set off, for more than 
forty years, during most of which period he was selectman, 
chairman of all important committees, engaged the schoolmas- 
ter, and managed the settlement of the ministers.* He was 
appointed a coroner, July 1, 1769 ; was one of the " Committee 
of Correspondence and Safety " during the Revolutionary War ; 
and held a captain's commission in the Continental Army. " It 
is said that he received some votes for the office of governor, 
although not regularly nominated as a candidate." His wife 
died in 1787, aged 69. He married,' 2d (intentions published 
Sept. 11, 1788), Lois Sturtevant, of Halifax, Mass., and died in 
1812, in his 94th year, attaining a greater age than any other 
male descendant of our common ancestor. 

*For interesting references to him and other Saverys of the period, as well as other 
valuable information, the reader is referred to a book entitled " Colonial Times on Buz- 
za'rd's Bay," by William K. Bliss, Esq. : published by Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston 
and New York. I quote the following from an article by Mr. Bliss in the Plymouth Free 
Press, November, 1886 : "The Rev. Ebenezer Burgess said in a sermon, preached some 
thirty years ago, that he remembered the congregation in the old historic meeting-house 
at Wareham before it was torn down; he remembered Mackie reading off the hymns in 
Scottish style, Fearing in the gallery leading the choir with a loud voice, Savery with 
white locks bending over his staff, Nye with powdered wig like an English judge, " etc. 



96 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 

I. Mehitable 5 , b. Jan. 29, 1741 ; m. April 21, 1767, Ebenezer Clarke. 

II. Lydia, b. April 15, 1744; m. June 4, 1772, David Swift. 
III. Benjamin, b. March 26, 1746 ; d. July 28, 1754. 

2 IV. Samuel, b. Feb. 14, 1747. 

V. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 31, 1750 ; m. Sept. 11, 1784, Jeremiah Bnmpus. 
VI. Benjamin, b. Jan. 29, 1755. 

3 VII. Phineas, b. April 8, 1757. 

VIII. Mary, b. Jan. 30, 1760; d. May 14, 1816. 

IX. Abigail, b. March 18, 1764; m. probably Sept. 11, 1784, Lot 
Bumpaa. 

FIFTH GENERATION". 



SAMUEL 5 SAVERY (SamueP, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), 
was born Feb. 14, 1747 ; married Dec. 13, 1770, Ruth Gibbs, 
who, described as the wife of " Capt. Samuel Savery," .died 
April 24, 1817, aged 65 years 2 months and 23 days. On 
June 24, 1814, he Avas sergeant of a detachment doing duty as 
guard in the town and harbor of Wareham. . Died Nov. 28, 
1836, attaining within four years the age of his father. It is 
said that his tombstone in the old cemetery at Rochester has 
the following quaint, old-fashioned epitaph : 

" Samuel Savery 's work is done, 
The sands from out his glass have run ; 
Of children ten he lost but one, 
Who drowned was, his youngest son." 

CHILDREN. 

I. Lucy", b. July 29, 1772; m. May 5, 1811, Joseph Miller. 
II. Esther, b. Aug. 6, 1774; m. Nov. 16, 1800, Josiah Ellis. 

III. Temperance, b. July 9, 1776; m. Nov. 13, 1794, Pelham Gibbs. 

IV. Ruth, b. Oct. 2, 1778 ; m. Oct. 21, 1802, Lewis Ellis. 

V. Alothea, b. March 13, 1781 ; m. 1st May 15, 1806, Prince Dexter ; 

2d, his brother. 

VI. Polly, b. July 11, 1783 ; m. Feb. 23, 1804, John Bourne. 
VII. Lucinda, b. May 11, 1787; m. 1st, March 15, 1812, Joseph Lam- 
bert ; 2d, White. 

4 VIII. Samuel, b. Sept. 15, 1789. 

IX. Nabby, b. July 24, 1792; m. Capt. Freeman Gibbs. 
X. William, b. Oct. 18, 1796; drowned in Weweantic River, 
Wareham. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION C. 97 

3. 

LIEUT. PniNEAS 5 SAVERY (Samuel* , Thomas*, SamueP, 
Thomas 1 ), an officer in the Revolutionary army, was born April 
8, 1757 ; married, 1st, Mercy, who died Nov. 3, 1793, in her 
38th year; 2d, Jan. 15, 1797, Hannah Swift. She died Aug. 
21, 1847. He died Oct. 1, 1837. 

CHILDREN. 
By second wife : 

I. Mercy 6 , b. March 19, 1798 ; m. Samuel Hatch, and had two 
daughters, Hope To.bey and Elizabeth; both d. 

5 II. Phineas, b. April 5, 1800. 

6 III. Lemuel, b Jan. 28, 1802. 

IV. Benjamin, b. Aug. 10, 1802 ; d. Aug. 10, 1804. 
V. Cyrus, b. June 2, 1803 ; d. aged 4 years. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 
4. 

SAMUEL 6 SAVERY (Samuel 5 , Samuel*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , 
Thomas 1 ), was born Sept. 15, 1789 ; married March 15, 1812, 
Rebecca Swift, who died June 1, 1867 ; died Feb. 2, 1859. 

CHILDREN. 
I. Esther 7 , b. Dec. 5, 1813; m. 1st, Dec. 5, 1832; Capt. Willis 

Churbuck; 2d, William Benson; d. at E. Wareham, Oct. 22, 

1881. 
II. Betsey, b. 1814; m. Feb. 23, 1834, Capt. Thomas Churbuck; d. 

1835. 

7 III. William, b. April 27, 1817. 

IV. Charlotte, b. July 8, 1819; m. 1st, Jan. 29, 1840, Capt. Elisha 

Besse ; 2d, George Griffith ; d. 1870. 

V. Ruth, b. Feb. 9, 1821; m. 1st, Dec. 4, 1842, Andrew Long; 
2d, George Bent; 3d, Benjamin Ingalls. Resides at East 
Wareham. 

8 VI. Levi, b. June 13, 1823. 

VII. Lemuel Frederic, b. 1829; m. Caroline Raymond. Ch. : 

(1) Frank ; (2) Victoria ; both dead. 
VIII. Martha, b. June 2, 1833; m. April 3, 1850, William P. Gibbs; 

d. at East Wareham, Mass., Feb. 20, 1881. 
IX. Mary, twin of Martha; m. Nov. 28, 1852, John Eldridge. Lives 

at East Wareham. 



pg THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

5. 

DR. PniNEAS 6 SAVERY (Phineas 6 , Samuel*, Thomas?, Samuel?, 
Thomas 1 ), was born April 15, 1800 ; graduated M. D. at the 
Medical School of Harvard University ; married, 1st, Jan. 21,. 
1825, Hope Tobey, who died Feb. 18, 1825 ; 2d, May 26, 1829,. 
Nancy, daughter of John and Ann Messenger ; she died Sept. 4> 
1830 ; 3d, Aug. 5,1833, Sarah Bailey, who died Aug. 26, 1878. 
He resided at Attleboro, Mass., where he enjoyed a high repute 
and successful practice as a physician. Died May 19, 1853. 

CHILDREN. 

By second wife : 

9 I. Phineas Messinger 7 , b. July 30, 1830. 

Bv third wife : 
II. Abraham Bailey, b. May 12, 1834; d. May 22, 1834. 

III. Hope Tobey, b. June 25, 1835 ; rn. Dec. 31, 1856, William Water- 

man; d. Oct. 31, 1868. Ch.: (1) Grace Savery 8 , b. Nov. 5, 
1857; d. June 7,1868. (2) William Atwood, b. Aug. 29 > 
1860; d. Oct. 22, 1861. (3) Lizzie Ann Bailey, b. Feb. 20,. 
1863; d. Aug. 20, 1864. , 

IV. Abraham Bailey, b. May 23, 1837 ; d. Dec. 16, 1863. 
V. Cyrus Benjamin, b. April 17, 1839; d. Sept. 17, 1861. 

10 VI. Job Briggs, b. Jan. 24, 1841. 

VII. Nancy Messinger, b. Nov. 30, 1842; m. Nov. 22, 1865, Alviu F, 

Gibbs, who was town clerk of Wareham, and d. 1883. Ch. i 
(1) Abraham Bailey, b. March 26, 1868; she afterwards m. 
Watson Ryder; and d. April 9, 1892. 

VIII. Sarah Ann Bailey, b. May 11, 1847 ; d. Dec. 23, 1848. 
IX. Henry Oliver, b. May 5, 1850. 

O. 

LEMUEL 6 SAVERY (Phineas 5 , Samuel 4 , Thomas 3 , Samuel?, 
Thomas 1 ), a farmer at Wareham, b. Jan. 28, 1802 ; married, 1st, 
Sept. 4, 1825, Selina Gibbs, who died May, 1869, aged 63 ; 2d, 
Dec. 10, 1874, Mrs. Margaret R. Gorham (maiden name Nich- 
ols), of Halifax, N. S. He died April 9, 1890. 

CHILDREN. 

By first wife : 
I. Mary Anne 7 , b. Sept. 11, 1826. 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION C. 99 

II. Hannah Swift, b. Nov. 30, 1828; m. Nov. 10, 1849, Harvey 
Crocker, of Barn stable. 

III. Lemuel, b. May 2, 1831 ; m. 1st, July 22, 1854, Helen Thomas; 

2d, Nellie Nichols. He d. Feb. 7, 1881, leaving daughter, 
Helen 8 . 

IV. Selina, b. June 18, 1833 ; m. Nov. 19, 1853, Levi Rennells ; living 

at Hyde Park, Mass. Ch. : (1) Edgar A. 8 , m. Cassie 
Walker; (2) Cora A. 

V. Elizabeth S., b. Oct. 1, 1835; m. 1st, Aug. 15, 1854, SylvanuS 
Snow. Ch. : (1) Frederic 8 ; (2) Esther Ann : m. 2d, Watson 
Ryder. Ch. : (3) William W., b. June, 1876. She died, and 
Watson Ryder m. 2d, June 18, 1885, Nancy Messinger, widow 
of Alvin Gibbs, and daughter of Dr. Phineas Savery. 
VI. Roxana G., b. Feb. 24, 1838; m. Samuel Rennells; d. 
VII. Phineas, b. June 1, 1840 ; m. Elizabeth Hyler. 
VIII. Mercy D., b. Aug. 23, 1842; m. June 25, 1867, Henry Curtis. 
Ch. : (1) Harry 8 ; (2) Florence. Resides at Troy, N. Y. 



SEVENTH GENERATION. 
7. 

WILLIAM 7 SAVERY (Samuel 6 , Samuel 5 , Samuel 4 , Thomas 3 , 
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born April 27, 1817 ; and married 
November, 1842, Mary Anne Besse. Lives at East Wareham. 
She died Oct. 27, 1873, aged 50 years 10 months 6 days. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Abbie Adelia 8 , b. Sept. 14, 1843; m. Oct. 22, 1863, Alexander 
Swift. Resides at Nashua, N. H. 

II. Rebecca A., b. Sept. 8, 1845; m. March 1, 1870, Frank Mendall, 

of Marion, Mass. 

III. Mary Frances, b. July 10, 1847 ; m. July 29, 1865, Benj. Bourne, 

East Wareham. 

IV. Seth Besse, b. May 4, 1850; lives at Astoria on Pacific coast. 
V. Levi Augustus, b. October, 1852 ; d. October, 1854. 

VI. Winifred Maria, b. Jan. 22, 1855 ; m. Warren Howe, Nashua, 

N. H. 

VII. Evelyn Augusta, b. July 9, 1858. Lives at Marion, Mass., un- 
married. 

VIII. Betsey Swift, b. March 3, 1861. Lives at Nashua, N. II. 
IX. Wilhelmina Isabel, b. March 1. 1867 ; d. March 20, 1868. 



100 THE SAVER Y FAMILIES. 

8. 

LEVI 7 SAVERY (SamueP, Samuel*, Samuel*, Thomas*, Samuel?, 
Thomas^}, was born June 13, 1823 ; married, 1st, Jan. 10, 1850, 
Mary E. Burgess, who d. Jan. 10, 1873 ; 2d, Mrs. Caroline 
Bumpus. Lives at Sagamore, formerly called West Sandwich, 
Mass. 

CHILDREN. 

By first wife : 
11. I. Betsey E. 8 , b. Nov. 9, 1850. 

II. Mary Estelle. b. Aug. 13, 1854; m. Dec. 30, 1881, Obed Delano 
Clifton, of Marion. Ch. : (1) Viola A. 9 , b. Aug. 6, 1888 ; 
(2) Helen, b. Feb. 6, 1890. 

III. Jacob Burgess, b. Aug. 12, 1858; m. Sept. 27, 1888, Amy A. 

Hammond. 

IV. Lizzie Linwood, b. Jan. 9, 1861. 
V. Louisa Lincoln, twin of Lizzie. 

VI. William Grant, b. April 27, 1865 ; d. Jan. 16, 1866. 
VII. Martha Maria, b. July 27, 1869 ; d. Aug. 19, 1869. 



. 9. 

PHINEAS MESSINGER ? SAVERY (Phineas*, Phineas 5 , Samuel 4 , 
Thomas?, SamueP, Thomas 1 ), counsellor and attorney-at-law, 
was born at Attleboro, Mass., where his father then resided, 
July 30, 1830 ; and married Nov. 29, 1853, at Liberty, Clay 
County, Missouri, Amanda Gertrude, daughter of Hon. Henry 
F. Mitchell ; commenced the practice of his profession in 
Liberty in 1858, and was successful in it until the breaking 
out of the Civil War ; was a major of cavalry in the Confed- 
erate Army, and provost-marshal general of the trans- 
Mississippi Department, C. S. A., for one year, and was after- 
wards in the field either in line or on staff duty until surrender ; 
was one year, 1867, assistant clerk to the House of Represent- 
atives of the State ; has been twenty years continuously a com- 
missioner of the United States for that State. In the Grand 
Army of the United Confederate Veterans he has served on 



THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION C. 101 

the staff of the major general commanding Mississippi Divis- 
ion, as inspector general, with the rank of colonel. His 
Masonic record is long and very honorable. Now lives at 
Tupelo, Miss. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Charles Virgil 8 , b. Sept. 9, 1854; m. Sept. 9, 1884, in Madison- 
ville, Ky., Hattie Ford. Ch. : (1) Earl Ford 9 , b. Feb. 7, 1886 ; 
d. Oct. 24, 1891. (2) Fatie May, b. Nov. 10, 1888. 
II. Mary A. Fidelia, b. Dec. 28, 1856 ; d. June 7, 1892. 

III. James Mitchell, b. Jan. 13, 1859 ; d. unm. Oct. 25, 1884. 

IV. Finney Messinger, b. Aug. 18, 1861; m. Nov. 13, 1889, Lucy 

Martin. Ch. : (1) Charles Roy 9 , b. Aug. 24, 1890. 

10. 

JOB BuiGGS 7 SAVERY (Phineas & , Phineas b , Samuel*, Thomas*, 
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), half brother of the preceding, was born 
Jan. 24, 1841; and married Nov. 16, 1869, Isadora E. Briggs. 
Was a highly respected citizen, and held the office of town 
clerk of Attleboro fourteen years, as well as " other positions of 
honor and trust." Died Oct. 3, 1886. 

CHILDREN. 

I. William Briggs 8 , b. Sept. 26, 1875. 
II. Sarah Adelaide, b. Dec. 1, 1878. 
III. Job Luther, b. Oct. 9, 1880. 



EIGHTH GENERATION. 
11. 

BETSEY E. 8 SAVERY (Levi 1 , Samuel*, Samuel 5 , Samuel*, 
Thomas*, SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born Nov. 9, 1850 ; and 
married Oct. 28, 1873, Seth A. Cobb, of Marion. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Celia A. 9 , b. Feb. 27, 1875. 

II. George E., b. July 27, 1876; d. Sept. 13, same year. 

III. Mary H., b. Dec. 25, 1877; d. Jan. 27, 1884. 

IV. Augustus A., b. Dec. 8, 1879. 
V. Seth A., b. April 15, 1882. 

VI. Levi S., b. Jan. 22, 1889. 



102 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 



THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 



ROBERT SAVORY OF NEWBURY 

AND HIS 

DESCENDANTS. 

1. 

ROBERT SAVORY. 

The Thomas Savery who came in the " Mary and John," I have, 
as already noticed, traced from Ipswich to Newport, R. I., and 
there lost him. The ship arrived May 1, 1634, over a year after 
the first mention of the first Thomas at Plymouth. She had 
also among her passengers one WILLIAM SAVERY.* In the spring 
of 1635 a band of twenty-three persons moved oVer from Ipswich 
and laid the venerable foundations of old Newbury, now New- 
bury, West Newbury, and Newburyport. The Rev. Thomas 
Parker removed from Ipswich in order to retain his connection 
with some of his attached friends from Wiltshire, and again 
many Wiltshire people who had come with him to Ipswich fol- 
lowed him to Newbury. I find many William .Saverys on the 
records of Hanington, Wiltshire, near the early home of this 
celebrated Puritan divine, but none whom I can -, positively 
identify as the disciple who followed him to America. Whether 
William, with a young son Robert, was among these early 
removals to Newbury, or whether Robert's was a distinct 
migration from England, there is nothing on the records to 
show, but there is reason to believe that in either case Robert 
was born in England, for on Dec. 8, 1656, he married Mary, who 
had been the widow of William Mitchell since July 16, 1654 ; and 
if he was then as old as twenty-two years and eight months, his 

*So spelled in a copy of the list of passengers. 




LIBRARY, 

APR 189-3 






HON. GEORGE SAVAKY, 
DIKD MARCH 28, 1854. 



THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 103 

birth would antedate the arrival of the " Mary and John." He 
handed down the name William, as we presume, by the usual 
rule of alternation in those days, from father to the eldest son, 
as this son did, in his turn, naming his own eldest son Robert ; 
and there is no doubt that Robert was the son of William, 
although we find no certain trace of any brothers or sisters. 
There was, however, an Anne Savory who married John Hardy, 
July 8, 1701, who may have been a brother's daughter. Mary S., 
who died Dec. 13, 1704, was his widow. From Newbury he re- 
moved among the first settlers to Bradford, where land taken up 
by him is still held by some of his descendants. He died coming 
home from Canada in 1690. I presume he was serving in that 
formidable but unsuccessful expedition against Quebec, pro- 
jected by Governor Winthrop, and commanded by Sir William 
Phipps and Major Walley. If so, he could not have been over 
sixty years of age, an additional proof that he was of tender 
years at the time of the arrival of the " Mary and John." 

CHILDREN. 

I. Sarah 2 , b. Nov. 12, 1658. 
2 II. William, b. Sept. 15, 1659. 

III. Samuel, b. March 8, 1662. We find no further trace of him, 
but I suspect that he married and was the father of a Ben- 
jamin Savory, who " owned the covenant " at Bradford, Dec. 
25, 1709, m. Lydia Parker, Dec. 8, 1715, and d. Sept. 28, 
1747, having had children: (1) Martha 4 , b. March 4, 
1717-18; (2) Benjamin, b. Nov. 26, 1721. I have found no 
posterity of this Benjamin 4 . 

IV. Rebecca, b. Jan. 20, 1663 ; m. Robert Mullican, Dec. 15, 1687. 
V. Robert, b. Aug. 8, 1666 ; d. April 9, 1685. 



SECOND GENERATION. 
2. 

WiLLiAM 2 SAVORY (Robert 1 ), was bom Sept. 15, 1659; 
administered de bonis non on his father's estate after his 
mother's death, and carried on the farm ten years after he 
became of age; married Hannah , and with his two 



104 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

sons, Robert and Thomas, was among the founders of the 
church at Groveland, formerly East Bradford, in 1727. 
Hannah was admitted to full church membership Feb. 18, 

1727-8. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Hannah 3 , b. Jan. 25, 1691. 

3 II. Robert, b. June 10, 1694. 

4 III. Samuel, b. Oct. 6, 1696. 

5 IV. Thomas, b. Jan. 23, 1701-2. 

V. Mary, b. Sept. 1, 1704; m. July 31, 1722. John Rawlins, or 
Rollins. 



THIRD GENERATION. 
3. 

ROBERT 3 SAVORY (William 2 , Robert 1 }, born June 10, 1694; 
married Jan. 10, 1717-18, Elizabeth Anderton, of Newbury, 
who died Sept. 14, 1720 ; 2d, Rebecca, daughter of Aquila 
Chase. 

CHILDREN. 

By first wife : 

I. Elizabeh 4 , b. Sept. 4, 1720; m. Sayer, or Sayler. 

By second wife : 
II. Chase, b. Oct. 5, 1723. 

III. Hannah, twin sister of Chase. They seem to have been bap- 

tized next day, and she probably died soon, as her name 
does not appear on the town records. 

IV. Ann, b. Dec. 5, 1729. 

V. Abigail, b. April 1, 1731 ; m. April 25, 1753, Abraham Burbank, 

4. 

SAMUEL 3 SAVORY ( William*, Robert 1 ), was born Oct. 6, 1696 ; 
and married July 24, 1724, Abigail Ordway ; he died in 1729. 
His widow administered on his estate ; and Nathaniel Ordway 
was appointed guardian to the children, July 7, 1729. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Abigail 4 , b. Jan. 2, 1725-6. 
II. Samuel, b. Nov. 20, 1727. 



THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 105 

5. 

THOMAS 3 SAVORY (William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born Jan. 23, 
1701-2 ; married Mercy Adams, of Ipswich (intentions pub- 
lished at Ipswich, Aug. 10, 1723). His will, a very elaborate 
and interesting document, disclosing great care and circumspec- 
tion, and illustrating the domestic and social habits of well-to-do 
New-Englanders of that day, was dated Jan. 28, 1751, and 
proved April 23, 1753. His son John, made sole executor, 
being under age, administration durante minoritate, with will 
annexed, was granted to his widow, who was also appointed 
guardian of children, William and Betty, then under fourteen 
years of age. She died Nov. 10, 1785. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Hannah 4 , b. Sept. 19, 1724; m. Nov. 26, 1744, Eldad Hardy. 
II. Mercy, b. Oct. 23, 1728; m. Dec. 20, 1748, John Burbank. 

III. Mary, b. Nov. 9, 1730; m. Jan. 24, 1749, Samuel Palmer, Jr.. 

IV. William, b. Dec. 13, 1734 ; probably d. young. (See VIII.) 

7 V. John, b. May 21, 1736. 

VI. Samuel, b. Jan. 30, 1737-38. 
VII. Betty, b. July 11, 1740; m. Dec. 31, 1761, Solomon Tenny, 

8 VIII. William, b. Dec. 6, 1743. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 
6. 

CHASE 4 SAVORY (Robert*, William^, Robert 1 ), was born Oct. 
5, 1723; and married, 1st, April 13,1747, Priscilla Hardy ; 
2d, June 2, 1779, Hannah Burbank. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wif>< : 

I. Abigail 5 , b. Nov. 7, 1748 ; m. Sept. 8, 1768, Nathaniel Walling- 
ford. Descendants live in East Bradford, now Groveland, 
Mass. 

9 II. Samuel, b. March 15, 1749-50. 
10 III. Daniel, b. Dec. 11, 1751. 

IV. Hannah, b. Jan. 7, 1754; m. June 11, 1776, according to town 
records, Parker Smith; church records, Plummer Smith;* 
lived in West Newbury. 

,*i. e., if they have been correctly transcribed for me. Parker is probably correct. 



106 THE SAVER Y FAMILIES. 

V. Robert, b. Dec. 1, 1757; " probably died in the army," but the 
death of a Robert, who may be this man, is recorded at 
Amesbury, April 6, 1799. 

11 VI. Jonathan, b. Sept. 7 (or 22), 1759. 

12 VII. Benjamin, b. Oct. 2, 1762. 

VIII. Eliphalet, b. Feb. 19, 1765; m. Lucy Perkins; no children. 
IX. Rebecca, b. Nov. 22, 1767; m. Dec. 5, 1797, Abel Saunders; 
d. Jan. 5, 1838. 

X. Susanna, b. July 17, 1772 ; m. Dec. 15, 1793, David Foote. 

By second wife : 

XI. Mary, b. June 27, 1780; m. Samuel Adams, of whom she was 

the second wife. 



7. 

CAPT. JOHN 4 SAVORY (Thomag, William' 2 , Robert 1 }, was 
born May 21, 1736; and married Sept. 11, 1755, Sarah, 
daughter of Edward and Mary (Spofford) Wood. It was 
probably she who died a widow June 4, 1823. 

CHILDREN. 

13 I. Thomas 5 , b. Feb. 16, 1756. 

14 II. John, b. Nov. 18, 1757. 

8. 

WILLIAM 4 SAVORY (Thoma#, William*, Robert 1 ), was born 
Dec. 6, 17.43; and married Mary- -;died July 22, 1800; 
and his widow Dec. 24, 1814. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Ebenezer 5 , b. May 2, 1765. 

II. Moses, b. Oct. 5, 1766; m. June 15, 1791, Susannah (or Sukey) 
Dutch. Was a merchant of Newburyport, where his estate 
was administered by his widow, July 8, 1802 ; had one son, 
Moses 6 , b. Sept. 30, 1792. I think this son afterwards lived 
in Bangor, Me. 

III. Mary, b. June 19, 1768; m. Aug. 2, 1788, Noyes Jacques. 

IV. Sarah, b. Jan. 9, 1770; d. Oct. 8, 1790. 
V. William, b. Feb. 15, 1772 ; d. July, 1774. 

VI. Betsey, b. June 24, 1774; m. May 5, 1794, Samuel Balch. 

VII. Hannah, b. March 24, 1777; m. Feb. 3, 1801, Wadleigh Noyes. 

VIII. William (twin of Hannah), d. April 12, same year. 

IX. Priscilla, b. Jan. 4, 1781 ; m. April 15, 1802, Retire Parker. 

15 X. Thomas, twin of Priscilla. 

XI. Anna, b. July 23, 1782 ; d. Nov. 7, 1783. 



THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 107 

FIFTH GENERATION. 
9. 

SAMUEL 5 SAVORY (Chase*, Robert?, William*, Robert 1 ), was 
bom March 15, 1749-50 ; and married at Amesbury (intentions 
published, Feb. 10, 1776) Mrs. Elizabeth Sargent, who may 
not have been a widow, as the prefix " Mrs." was used to denote 
a woman of mature years, when the father held a position of 
rank or superior social standing, " Miss " being until more 
recently confined to girls under twelve years old. She was born 
April 18, 1757. He removed to and resided in Derry, N. H., 
whence some of his descendants removed to Warner, N. H. 
He died Sept. 9, 1821, being killed by a tornado which demol- 
ished his buildings. His widow died March 20, 1847. So far 
as I have been able to gather, he had 

CHILDREN. 
16 I. Robert 6 . 
IT IT. John. 
18 III. Daniel, b. March 24, 1789. 

IV. Rebecca, m. Obadiah Fifield. Ch. : (1) Franklin 7 ; m. Mary 

Frisbee. (2) Francis, m. Lucy , and had two children. 

(3) Albert. (4) Harriet. (5) Emily, m. Edwin Stone. 
(6) Warren. (7) Sarah. 

1C. 

DANIEL 5 SAVORY (Chase*, Robert*, William!, Robert 1 ), was 
born Dec. 11, 1751 ; and married (intentions published at 
Amesbury Sept. 9, 1775) " Mrs." Sarah Colby; both described 
as of Amesbury. He lived in various places, and had, I am 
informed, twelve children born in Amesbury, of which the fol- 
lowing are recorded : 

CHILDREN. 

I. Daniel 6 , b. Feb. 17,1777; intentions of marriage published at 

Amesbury to Lois Goodwin, of same place. 
II. Benjamin, b. June 18, 1779; d. April 5, 1799. 

III. Elizabeth, b. April 15, 1781. 

IV. William, b. July 27, 1783 ; d. April 7, 1799. 
V. Sarah, b. Aug. 2, 1785. 



10$ THE SA VERY ' FAMILIES. 

VI. Aaron, b. Oct. 23, 1787. 

VII. Hannah, b. June 25, 1790. 

VIII. Chase, b. Oct. 4, 1794. 

IX. Judith Tucker, b. Sept. 19, 1797. 

X. Priscilla, b. March 19, 1800. 

11. 

DBA.' JONATHAN 5 SAVORY (Chase 4 , Robert, William*, Robert 1 }, 
was born Sept. 7 (or 22 *), 1759 ; married, 1st, March, 1783, 
Hannah Tenny ; 2d, Betsey Kimball ; resided in Deny, N. H. ; 
died Feb. 25, 1841. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 

19 I. Thomas 6 , b. Oct. 6, 1783. 

II. Priscilla, b. April 8, 1785; m. Abraham Burbank, and had two 
daughters: (1) Hannah 7 , m. Warren Coffin, and had five 
children ; (2) Harriet, m. David Coffin, and had four chil- 
dren. A descendant of one of these is a lawyer of standing 
in Boston. 

III. Hannah, b. April 14, 1788; d. unm. 

IV. Betsey, b. April 28, 1790; d. Aug. 29, 790. 
V. Jonathan, b. March 6, 1793 ; d. June 17, 1795. 

VI. Betsey, b. May 24, 1795; d. 1818, unm. 

12. 

BENJAMIN^ SAVORY (Chase 4 , Robert, William?, Robert 1 ), 
was born Oct. 2, 1762; and married, 1st, Aug. 26, 1789, 
Judith Burbank, who was born July 28, 1767, and died July 
10, 1830 ; 2d, April 5, 1836, Widow Mary Tenny, who died 
Aug. 3, 1852. He died in Georgetown, Mass., March 26, 1856. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 

I. Mercy 6 , b. May 6, 1790; m. Dec. 25, 1811, Moses W. Thurlow. 
Ch. : (1) Patience W. 7 , b. June 17, 1812; d. June 7, 1856. 

(2) Tristram C. W., b. Sept. 8, 1813; d. Oct. 26, 1836. 

(3) Judith S., b. July 8, 1822. 

II. Judith, b. May 30, 1792; m. Jan. 23, 1816, her third cousin, 
John Stickney. Ch. : (1) Moses 7 , b. May 17, 1819; (2) Abel, 
b. Feb. 11, 1825; (3) Betsey, b. Nov. 22, 1830; d. 

20 III. Nathaniel, b. July 31. 1794. 

* Recorded twice. Perhaps 22d was date of baptism. 



THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 109 

21 IV. John Burbank, b. Jan. 6, 1797. 

V. Eleazer, b. Sept. 11, 1799 ; m. March 7, 1843, Abigail P. Law- 
rence ; d. ; no children. 

VI. Robert, b. Feb. 1, 1802; resided at Haverhill; m. Catharine 
Spofford. Ch. : (1) George Robert 7 , b. May 23, 1832; d. 
(2) Lucy. 

22 VII. Benjamin, b. Nov. 1, 1804. 



13. 

MAJOR THOMAS 5 SAVORY (John*, Thomas*, William 2 , Rob- 
ert 1 ), was born Feb. 16, 1756 ; and married, 1st, June 18, 1778, 
Bethiah Carle ton ; 2d, Aug. 18, 1785, Polly Rollins (or Rawlins). 
He was a man of superior ability and of much influence, and a 
prominent member of the Massachusetts House of Representa- 
tives. He died May 23, 1829. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Bethiah 6 , b. Feb. 27, 1787 ; d. Oct. 1, 1790. 
II. Polly, b. March 9, 1789 ; d. Jan. 21, 1800. 

23 III. Bethiah, b. Feb. 24, 1791. 

24 IV. George, b. Jan. 30, 1793. 

V. Sophia, b. April 28, 1795 ; m. Sept. 21, 1836, John Pearson, of 

Xewburyport. 

25 VI. Joseph, b. April 28, 1797. 

VII. Martha, b. Oct. 26, 1799 ; m. Jan. 14, 1823, Francis Wingate, of 
Hallowell, Me. 

14. 

JOHN 5 SAVORY (Jo/in*, Thomas*, William 2 , Robert 1 ), was 
born Nov. 18, 1757; and married December, 1779, Polly 
Bacon. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Abigail 6 , b. Dec. 27, 1781. 

II. William, b. Aug. 11, 1783. 

III. Sarah, b. March 21, 1785. 

IV. John, b. Oct. 22, 1788 ; m. July 30, 1810, Ruthy Goodrich, of 

Newbury. 
V. Josiah, b. July 11, 1792. 

VI. Hannah, b. July 31, 1795; m. Oct. 22, 1815, Ebenezer Hale 

(probably). 



HO THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

15. 

THOMAS 5 SAVORY ( William 4 , Thomas?, William?, Robert 1 ), 
was born Jan. 4, 1781, twin of Priscilla ; and married Oct. 10, 
1804, Deborah Perley ; died probably July 23, 1838. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Moses 6 , b. Aug. 10, 1805. 

II. Betsey, b. July 27, 1806. 

III. Lucy Perley, b. June 5, 1808. 

IV. Thomas, b. May 11, 1810 ; probably died young. 
V. Mary Stevens, b. May 30, 1811. 

VI. Dolly Wood, b. Nov. 12, 1813. 

VII. Priscilla Parker, b. Feb. 13, 1816; d. Sept. 17, 1816. 
VIII. Thomas William, b. Sept. 11, 1817 ; m. and had children : Carrie 

P. 7 , who m. Feb. 6, 1857, Herbert E. Walker. 
IX. Priscilla Parker, b. March 20, 1820. 
X. Moses Putnam, b. Aug. 30, 1822. 

XI. Hannah Dalton, b. March 19, 1825. In Groveland town records 
is recorded a marriage Oct. 11, 1855, of Hannah H., daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Deborah Sr.vory, to Samuel Balch. 
26 XII. Charles Putnam, b. May 20, 1828. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 
16. 

ROBERT 6 SAVORY (Samuel 5 , Chase 4 , Robert, William*, Rob- 
ert 1 ), married Abigail Hardy. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Samuel 7 . 

II. Jesse. 

III. Levi. 

IV. George. 
V. Isaac. 

VI. William. 

VII. Lydia, m. Samuel Chase. Ch. : (1) Louis N. ; (2) Emmeline, 
m. - - Ludlam. 

17. 

JOHN 6 SAVORY (Samuel 5 , Chase 4 , Robert 3 , William 2 , Rob- 
ert 1 ), married Sarah Straw. 



THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. Ill 

CHILDREN. 

27 I. Hiram. 

28 II. Moses. 

III. Sarah, m. Warren Damon. Ch. : (1) Sarah; (2) Jessie; 

(3) Emily. 

IV. Betsey, d. unm. 

29 V. John. 

18. 

DANIEL 6 SAVORY (Samuel?, Chase*, Robert, William*, Rob- 
ert 1 ), was born March 24, 1789 ; married April 8, 1813, Mary- 
Straw ; died 1853. 

CHILDREN. 
Besides four who died young. 

30 I. Cyrus Pettee 7 , b. July 24, 1824. 

II. Pluma, b. October, 1826; m. Horace Stanley. 

31 III. Lucy, b. Jan. 24, 1830. 



19. 

THOMAS 6 SAVORY (Jonathan*, Chase 4 , Robert, William 1 ^ 
Robert 1 ), was born Oct. 6, 1783 ; married Grisel Holmes ; died 
Dec. 16, 1867. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Elizabeth 7 , b. May 9, 1810; m. Oct. 9, 1835, Isaac Dow; no 
children. 

32 II. Jonathan, b. May 7, 1812. 

33 III. Caroline, b. March 14, 1821. 



20. 

NATHANIEL 6 SAVORY (Benjamin*, Chase 4 , Robert?, William 2 , 
Robert 1 ), was born July 31, 1794, and early entered on a life of 
maritime adventure. In 1830, in company with four other 
white men and a party of natives, he fitted out at Oahu, one of 
the Sandwich Islands, sailed to and made a settlement on Peel 
Island, one of the Bonin Islands, in the North Pacific. These 
islands had been discovered and taken possession of by the 
English ; but as they were originally, peopled by Japanese* 



THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

Japan has been of late years permitted to resume her ancient 
sovereignty over them. The following account of the coloniza- 
tion of the islands by Savory and his associates is from " Cham- 
bers' Encyclopaedia " : " In 1830, Peel Island, the centre of the 
group, was settled, in connection with the whaling business, by 
a motley colony, an Englishman, an Italian, a Dane, two 
Americans, and fifteen Sandwich-Islanders (five men and ten 
women), under the auspices of a ' union jack.' " 

The following was written by a member of Commodore 
Perry's eventful expedition to Japan in 1853, in Harper } s Maga- 
zine for March, 1856:* u ln 1830 a colony of Americans and 
Europeans came to Peel Island from the Sandwich Islands, 
having in their train several native, male and female, Kanakas. 
This is the nucleus of a population which amounted only to 
thirty-one all told on the visit of Commodore Perry. One 
Nathaniel Savory, a New England Yankee, is looked up to as 
a sort of patriarch of the people, and he manages to sustain 
himself with the proper degree of dignity. This man has mar- 
ried a native of Guam, the widow of one of the first settlers, 
and what with an increasing family of young Savorys, the cul- 
tivation of a patch of alluvial land, bounded in front towards 
the bay by a coral reef, and in the rear by a wooded gorge, 
which stretches between two hills which rise from the interior, 
and the proverbial ingenuity of his countrymen in making the 
best of the accidental circumstances of life, seems to be in a 
highly prosperous condition. Savory contrives to raise such 
abundant harvests of sweet potatoes, maize, onions, pine- 
apples, bananas, and watermelons that he not only has enough 
for himself and family, but a surplus to spare for the whalers 
who frequent the Benin's for supplies. Whatever may be the 
theoretical views of Savory upon the all-absorbing question of 
the Maine law, he evidently practically disapproves of it, for he 
has constructed a still and is famous for making the best rum 
in all the Bonins. He has a pretty enough cottage with neat 

*See also Coin. Perry's report of hia expedition, in any large public library. 



THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 113 

enclosures, and a garden, watered by a beautiful stream which 
flows coolly through the tropical vegetation that fills in the 
valleys beyond." From a declaration signed by him, dated 
March 20, 1862, published in the Georgetown, Mass., Advocate, 
Oct. 23, 1880, and said to be "elegantly" constructed and 
written, it appears that in 1824* he was elected governor of the 
island for two years, which period he served, and was elected for 
three years more. The Japanese authorities, after their arrival, 
treated him " with respect and much friendship." He sold a 
portion of his estate on the island to the United States govern- 
ment for a coaling and watering station for whaling and other 
vessels in the Pacific Ocean. His wife was thirty-four years 
old in 1862. He died about 1877 or 1878. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Agnes Burbank 7 , b. Feb. 14, 1853. 

II. Horace Perry, b. April 3, 1855. 

III. Helen Jane, b. Feb. 28, 1857. 

IV. Robert Nathaniel, b. March IS, 1860. 
V. Esther Thurbon, b. March 20, 1862. 

And perhaps others. 

21. 

JOHN BuRBANK 6 SAVORY (Benjamin 5 , Chase 4 , Robert 3 , Wil- 
liam 1 , Robert 1 ), was born Jan. 6, 1797 ; and married May 30, 
1819, Rachel Johnson, daughter of Solomon Hale, who was 
born in Bradford, Mass., Jan. 11, 1798, and died March 28, 
1880 ; lived in Rowley, now Georgetown, Mass.; died 1865. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Wicom Hale 7 , b. June 16, 1820; resided at Haverhill; d. Jan. 

15, 1890. 
II. Sophila, b. July 10, 1823; m. Amos Spofford; d. January, 1880. 

III. Martha Lorinda, b. May 16, 1830; d. Aug. 28, 1832. 

IV. Benjamin Little, b. Feb. 27, 1832 ; resides in New York. 
V. Rachel Johnson, b. March 6, 1837. 

* But 1824 is evidently a typographical error in the. Advocate, for he first went to the 
island in 1830. 



THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

22. 

BENJAMIN 6 SAVORY (Benjamin*, Chase*, Robert, William*, 
Robert^, was born Nov. 1, 1804 ; and married Feb. 13, 1831, 
Mary Shaw Stone, of Salem, Mass. 

CHILDREN. 

34 I. Benjamin 7 , b. Aug. 23, 1832. 

II. Tristram Thurlow, b. Sept. 19, 1834 ; m. March 7, 1873, Har- 
riet F. Price. TRISTRAM T. 7 SAVORY is the proprietor 
Savory & Co.'s express. 

III. Mary Thorndike, b. May 12, 1837; d. Dec. 4, 1888; m. Wm. F. 

Lef avour ; both d. leaving two children. 

IV. Nathaniel, b. March 1, 1839; d. Aug. 11, 1857. 



23. 

BETHiAH 6 SAVARY (Thomas*, John*, Thomas 3 , William*, 
Robert 1 }, was born Feb. 24, 1791 ; and married Capt. David 
Walker, who served his country as a lieutenant in the War of 
1812. He was born Jan. 27, 1792, and died Feb. 20, 1829. 
She died Jan. 12, 1883, aged 92. She was left a widow in 
early life with three small children to care for, and nobly did 
she do her duty. Through her long life she was ever faithful 
to the highest and truest. Always cheerful, amiable, and kind 
to all, quiet and unobtrusive in her manner, she was a close 
observer, and her perceptive powers were unusually keen. 
Until within about a year, when failing health impaired her 
faculties, she was interested in all the events transpiring around 
her. She was in every sense a true gentlewoman of the olden 
time." 

CHILDREN. 

I. George Savary 7 , b. Feb. 3, 1821; d. at Newburyport, Jan. 22, 

1891. 

II. Mary Jane, b. Oct. 11, 1823 ; d. July 2, 1865. 
III. William R., b. Oct. 15, 1827 ; WILLIAM R. 7 WALKER was the last 
cashier of the Merrimack County Bank in Concord, N. H. ; 
m. Sept. 20, 1866, Emeline B. Defriez, of Nantucket, 
Mass. Ch. : (1) Isabelle 8 , b. June 11, 1868 ; m. Sept. 7, 
1887, W. J. M. Gates, and has daughter, Vivian Walker 9 , 
b. May 13, 1890. 



THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 115 

24. 

HON. GEOKGE 6 SAVARY ( Thomas?, John*, Thomatf, William 2 , 
Robert 1 ), was born Jan. 30, 1793 ; and married Louisa, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin Balch. He was in the sixth generation from 
John Balch, who it is supposed came to America with Gorges 
in 1623, through Benjamin 2 , Freeborn 3 , William 4 , William 5 . 
(See " Boston Historical and Genealogical Register," Vol. IX., 
p. 233.) Like the Saverys, the Balches were clearly an English 
family of ancient Norman extraction, but dating in England 
further back, for the name is in the illustrious " Roll of Battle 
Abbey," the list of the principal chiefs and knights who 
fought for William at Hastings, deposited by him in the Abbey 
which he built on the field of his immortal victory. In business 
Mr. Savary was engaged in the manufacture of boots and shoes, 
on a very extended scale. After filling many minor positions, 
he was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representa- 
tives four terms, from Bradford East Parish, and thence was 
elected to the State Senate in 1843, and was the candidate of 
his party for the office of lieutenant-governor. The following 
obituary is from a contemporary paper : 

" The death of Mr. Savary will be felt as a public loss. 
Though not a great talker, he was a man of marked ability, 
possessed an influence of very considerable extent, and had 
mingled quite largely in public affairs. He had been several 
times State senator, and was supported by the Democratic 
party, to which he had always adhered, as its candidate for 
Presidential elector, for lieutenant-governor, etc. At home, 
in the midst of his family and his neighbors, the life of Mr. 
Savary was very beautiful. He was never known to exhibit 
any asperity ; was always kind, considerate, and ready to help, 
and few men have ever been more endeared to those with whom 
they came in daily contact. Injury and insult he put aside in a 
quiet and unmoved way quite peculiar to himself, and, if 
allowed to, soon suffered the matter to fall from his mind. It 
is the unanimous testimony of those who knew him best that 



THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

they have never seen his equal in this respect. In times of 
pecuniary distress he made it a point to give employment to 
poor and suffering persons; and in respect to all his more 
immediate relations, it is not eulogy but simple statement of 
fact to say that he may be proposed as a model. Of late he 
has taken great interest in the Independent Church in Grove- 
land ; and he is remembered with especial gratitude and affec- 
tion by the members of the society." 

Also the following : u In the sudden death of this active and 
enterprising citizen, not only his family, but our town and the 
whole community have suffered an irreparable loss. A feeling 
of sadness, not confined to any sect or party, has pervaded the 
town from the moment it was known that he was seriously 
ill. Every person in active life in this community for nearly 
forty years has known and appreciated the business talents, the 
open-hearted liberality, and the social qualities of GEORGE 
SAVARY, and his demise has left a void in society which it will 
take long years to fill. In all the relations 1 of life and business 
he was always the able and efficient friend, or the fair and hon- 
orable opponent." And the following: "As a politician he 
was a firm and consistent Democrat, freely allowing to all an 
honest difference of opinion." The church of which he was a 
meml>er adopted, on the occasion of his death, resolutions of 
more than ordinary feeling and power. He died March 28, 
1854, and his widow, June 1, 1887, aged 84 years 11 months. 
Of her a contemporary paper said: " During his [Rev. David 
Wasson's] ministry in Groveland, he gave a great impetus to 
progressive thought, and Mr. Savary and his wife were among 
his loyal supporters. Her heart was large, her hospitality 
abounding. The doors of her home were not more widely opei 
than was her heart to invite to the comfort and cheer of he 
roof-tree. Beauty of presence and a remarkable amiability o 
spirit made her at once the centre of attraction. These quali 
tu-s. united with strong and earnest convictions, and youthfu 
spirit, iMvs.-rvcd her from the common infirmities of age, and tci 



THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 117 

the very last made her the bright particular star of her house- 
hold." From another obituary notice : " Mrs. Savary was in 
many respects a remarkable woman. Exceedingly easy and 
affable in her manner, she was an ornament to society. She 
had a happy disposition, took a cheerful view of life, and in a 
remarkable degree looked on the bright side. She kept up her 
interest in all that was taking place about her. She enjoyed 
the society of young people, and entered into their pleasures 
with a sympathy which made her a delightful companion. She 
bore her years as a light weight, and her erect form and 
fair face gave little indication that more than fourscore 
summers had passed over her head. To the very last 
day of her life her mental powers were undimmed. To 
her children and friends she has been a great comfort and 
joy to her very last day. Her long life-work has been well done, 
and now she is gathered like a sheaf of corn fully ripe. Her 
death was like the going down of the sun in a clear sky. 
Though her children will mourn with deep grief her going home, 
yet they must feel comforted that she had been spared so long, 
and her life so full of peace and happiness. Through the coin- 
ing years the memory of her will be to her children as strains of 
remembered music, always bringing much of joy and comfort." 

CHILDREN. 
I. Martha Wingate 7 , b. May 10, 1823 ; m. Eldred S. Parker. 

35 II. George Thomas, b. July 28, 1826. 

III. Frank, b. Sept. 5, 1829. FRANK ? SAVARY m. June 14, 1861, 

Esther A. Barnard, of Worcester. Ch. : (1) Caroline A. 8 , b. 
Jan. 24, 1864; in 1891-2 a pupil of the artist Jacob Wagner, 
in Boston; Nov., 1893, in Paris as an art student. (2) 
Martha P., b. Nov. 4, 1865; resides in Worcester, Mass. 

IV. Clara Louisa, b. July 9, 1831 ; d. Dec. 21, 1831. 
V. Mary Rollins, b. April 15, 1833 ; d. Dec. 21, 1833. 

36 VI. William Henry, b. April 18, 1835. 
VII. Lucy A., b. July 8, 1836 ; d. infant. 

VIII. Clara Louisa, b. Dec. 24, 1837; unm. 

IX. Benjamin Balch, b. April 17, 1840. BENJAMIN B. 7 SAVARY m. 
Oct. 30, 1873, Abby Dorr, of Medford. Ch. : (1) Nellie 
Louise 8 , b. Dec. 27, 1880 ; resides in Medford, Mass. 



THE S A VERY FAMILIES. 
25. 



JOSEPH 6 SAVAKY (Thomas*, John*, Thomas 3 , William 2 , Rob- 
ert 1 ), was born April 28, 1797 ; married (intentions published 
Sept. 30, 1820) Jane F., daughter of Dudley Griffin, of 
Gloucester; died Nov. 3, 1858, "a gentleman whose high 
standard of moral integrity and pleasing social deportment 
secured the esteem of a large circle of friends." 

CHILDREN. 

37 I. Charles Griffin 7 , b. Nov. 27, 1821. 

38 II. John Haraden, b. May 22, 1825. 

39 III. Joseph Augustus, b. Nov. 22, 1829. 
IV. Eben Rollins, b. Nov. 22, 1832; unm. 

40 V. Henry Solon, b. Nov. 1, 1838. 



26. 

CHARLES PUTNAM G SAVARY (Thomas 5 , William 4 , Thomas 3 , 
William*, Robert 1 ), was born May 20, 1828 ; and married Oct. 
25, 1849, Sarah H. Balch. 

CHILDREN. 

I. William Perley 8 , b. April 10, 1852; m. Aug. 3, 1879, Alice M. 

Richardson. 

II. Elizabeth B., b. May 27, 1859 ; d. April 8, 1863. 
III. Annie W., b. July 25, 1866. 



SEVENTH GENERATION. 
27. 

HiRAM 7 SAVORY (John 6 , Samuel 5 , Chase*, Robert, William 2 , 
Robert 1 ), married Belinda Ryan. 

CHILDREN. 
I. Mary 8 , d. young. 
II. Daniel, living at Waltham, Mass. 

28. 

MOSES 7 SAVORY (John 6 , Samuel 5 , Chase 4 , Robert 3 , William 2 , 
Robert 1 ), married Almira Brown, of Sutton, N. H. 



THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 119 

CHILDREN. 

I. Charles 8 , d. young. 
II. Verona, b. March, 1845. 

III. Everett C., b. June 3, 1847. EVERETT C. 8 SAVORY m. 1st, 
Dec. 29, 1867, Susie M. Matthews; 2d, Nov. 26, 1885, Vir- 
ginia Payne ; no children ; resides at Chattanooga, Tenn. 

29. 

JOHN 7 SAVORY (John*, Samuel*, Chase 4 , Robert, William?, 
Robert 1 ), married Nancy J. Manning. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Luella 8 , m. John Clement. 
II. Warren, m. Nellie Page. 

III. Fred, m. Emma Dow. 

IV. Eugene. 

V. Harland. The last two in 1887 living with their father in 
Boston. 



3O. 

CYRUS PETTEE 7 SAVORY (Daniel*, Samuel 5 , Chase*, Robert, 
William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born July 24, 1824 ; married June 6, 
1850, Helen Solena Harriman, a sister of Brig. -Gen. Walter 
Harriman, who, after service in the great Civil War, became 
governor of New Hampshire. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Frank D. 8 , d. young. 

II. Josephine Augusta, b. June 1, 1852 ; m. Frank L. Lamb. Ch. : 
(1) Fred W. 9 , b. 1875 ; (2) Silvia, b. 1882 ; (3) Walter, b. 1886. 

41 III. George Washington, b. March 29, 1856. 

42 IV. Walter Harriman, b. June 15, 1866. 

81. 

LuCY 7 SAVORY (Daniel*, Samuel 5 , Chase 4 , Robert?, William 2 , 
Robert 1 ), born Jan. 24, 1830 ; married Sept. 22, 1850, William 

Montgomery. 

CHILDREN. 

Besides two who died young. 
I. Albert 8 , b. Aug. 11, 1851 ; m. Susie Russell. Ch. : (1) Ida 

Louisa. 
II. Jerome, b. Sept. 12, 1854; m. Liza J. Dunbar. 

III. Scott, b. Xov. 17, 1856; unm. 

IV. Guy, b. Feb. 28, 1860; m. Nellie, Martin. 



120 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

32. 

COL. JONATHAN 7 SAVORY (Thomas*, Jonathan*, Chase*, 
Robert, William 2 , Robert 1 ), of Londonderry, N. H., was born 
May 7, 1812; and married March 20, 1836, Abigail S. Coffin; 
died Feb. 2, 1881. The following obituary notice is from a 
contemporary paper : " Col. Jonathan Savory was a native of 
Londonderry, and a man well known in that part of the State. 
He has represented the town in the Legislature, and was for 
several years on the board of selectmen, and often a school 
committee man. For mai^ years he taught school in the town. 
He was a farmer, and did much to promote that industry. He 
was recognized by all as a man of high character and ability. 
He was formerly a colonel of militia, and was a person of fine 
physique and marked presence in any assembly where he ap- 
peared. He leaves a widow with no children. He had accu- 
mulated a large property by his industry and excellent judg- 
ment." 

33. 

CAROLINE 7 SAVORY (Thomas*, Jonathan*, Chase*, Robert, 
William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born March 14, 1821 ; married May 7, 
1846, Benjamin McAllister. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Thomas Savory 8 , b. July 10, 1847; d. May 3, 1880. He gradu- 
ated M. D. at Bowdoin College in 1872, and was a success- 
ful physician at Amesbury, Mass. 
II. George, b. Aug. 4, 1850. 
III. Charles, b. Nov. 10, 1852. 



34. 

BENJAMIN 7 SAVORY (Benjamin*, Benjamin*, Chase*, Robert*, 
William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born Aug. 23, 1832 ; married Oct. 29, 
1857, Hannah B. Peele ; died Aug. 16, 1862. 



CHILDREN. 



I. Nathaniel 8 , b. Aug. 31, 1858; m. Ella L. Watson, Aug. 7, 1880. 
Ch. : (1) Benjamin T. 



THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 121 

II. Henry P., b. May 15, 1860. HENRY P. 8 SAVORY m. Feb. 

5, 1885, Adelle L. Houston, of Newton Highlands, Mass. 

Ch. : (1) Robert Henry 9 , b. March 26, 1886; (2) Helen 

Louisa, b. March 23, 1889. 
III. Benjamin T., d. at age of seven months. 



35. 

GEORGE THOMAS? SAVARY ( G-eorge*, Thomas 5 , John*, Thomas*, 
William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born July 28, 1826 ; and married, 1st, 
Feb. 9, 1851, Margaret C. Tappan ; 2d, May 18, 1861, Jennie 
Goodale ; deceased. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 
I. Margaret 8 , b. April 3, 1860; died in infancy. 

By second wife : 

II. Anna Louisa, b. May 10, 1863 ; unm. 

III. George, b. July 7, 1865; m. May 24, 1891, Henrietta L. John- 
son, of Boston. REV. GEORGE S SAVARY was ordained a deacon 
of the Eeformed Episcopal Church, in Boston, in 1891; a 
student in the Theological Seminary of the Reformed Epis- 
copal Church, at Philadelphia in 1892-93; unanimously 
called to the pastorate of Emmanuel Reformed Episcopal 
Church of Newark, N. J., Feb. 25, 1893; to be ordained a 
presbyter in June. 1893, at Philadelphia. 

36. 

REV. WILLIAM H. 7 SAVARY (G-eorge*, Thomas 5 , John*, 
Thomas 3 , William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born at Savaryville, East 
Bradford, Mass., on the same land taken up by his ancestor, 
Robert, seven generations back, April 18, 1835 ; graduated at 
Yale College in the class of 1857 ; married Oct. 21, 1862, Anna 
E., only daughter of Rev. Geo. W. Hosmer, D. D., one of the 
pioneer Unitarian ministers of the United States, and among 
the most distinguished for his learning, eloquence, and piety, 
at one time president of Antioch College, Ohio, who died at 
Mr. Savary's residence at Canton, Mass., July 5, 1881. Her 
mother was Hannah, daughter of the Rev. James Kendall, D. D., 
of Plymouth, Mass. Her brother, Prof. James K. Hosmer, of 
Washington University, Mo., has won- abiding fame in the field 



122 THE SAVEKY FAMILIES. 

of letters. Mr. Savary gathered and organized in 1865 the 
First Unitarian Church of Ellsworth, Me., and has been the 
respected and popular pastor of churches at Ellsworth, Me., 
and Canton, Mass., and now (1891) of Unity Church, South 
Boston; an able preacher and lecturer and organizer of 
Christian missionary work. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Edward Hosmer 8 , b. July 22, 1861, in Buffalo, N. Y. EDWARD 
HOSMER SAVARY graduated at Boston Latin School, 1884; 
graduated at Harvard University in the class of 1888 ; law 
student at Harvard, 1888-90; admitted to Boston, Suffolk 
County, Bar in December, 1890. Is practising law in Boston. 
II. Sara Kendall, b. July 21, 1867, at Ellsworth, Me.; graduated 
Canton, Mass., High School, 1885; Chauncy Hall School, 
Boston, 1889. Kindergarten teacher. 



37. 

CHARLES GRIFFIN T SAVARY (Joseph*, Thomas*, John*, 
Thomas?, William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born Nov. 27, 1821 ; married 
Nov. 30, 1841, Martha E. Griffith, of East Bradford; a prom- 
inent citizen of Groveland. In 1862 he was appointed United 
States assistant internal revenue collector, which he held until 
the autumn of 1880, when he resigned it on account of ill 
health, and died of apoplexy, March 20, 1881. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Edward 8 , b. Feb. 20, 1843 ; m. Feb. 18, 1868 ; d. in California. 
IF. Martha J., b. Aug. 21, 1844; m. Aaron Parker, of Groveland. 
III. Warren, b. Oct. 16, 1849; d. Oct. 2, 1851. 

38. 

JOHN HARADEN : SAVARY (Joseph*, Thomas*, John*, Thomas?, 
William?, Robert 1 ), was born May 22, 1825 ; married Dec. 27, 
1854, Maria A. Tyler, of Groveland; deceased. 

CHILDREN. 

I. George 8 , b. March 7, 1855; d. Sept. 21, 1855. 
II. Harry, b. Dec. 12, 1856; unm. 



THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 123 

39. 

JOSEPH AUGUSTUS 7 SAVARY (Joseph*, Thomas?, John\ 
Thomas 3 , William?, Robert), was born Nov. 22, 1829 ; and mar- 
ried Nov. 29, 1855, Caroline D. Jamieson; died Sept. 11, 1877, 
in the same house in which he was born, at Savaryville, Grove- 
land, the mansion house of the family for generations. HON. 
GEORGE S A VARY built the mansion house nearly opposite on 
ancestral land in 1823-24. Obituary notice : " Mr. Savary was 
widely known, was a genial, large-hearted man and beautiful 
singer. He was formerly leader of Savary's Harmonics, com- 
posed of Henry S., E. Rollins, J. Augustus Savary, and William 
A. Renton. The popularity of the quartet was unbounded. 
They sang everywhere in this section, and were everywhere 
greeted by enthusiastic audiences. Their voices blended in 
perfect harmony, and their efforts delighted everybody. Their 
programmes always included some of < y e ancient ' music, which 
was magnificently rendered, the effect being enhanced by the 
old-fashioned costumes they wore." 

CHILDREN. 

I. EldredP. 8 , b. Aug. 10, 1856; m. in Haverhill, Mass. 

II. Willard A., b. July 23, 1857 ; d. Aug. 4, 1878. 

III. Mary S., b. July 25,1857 ; m. Xov. 29, 1882, Arthur E. Abbott. 

IV. Carrie, b. March 28, 1861 ; d. in infancy. 

V. Sarah J., b. May 1, 1864; m. Dec. 31, 1881, J. Everett Wood. 

40. 

HENRY SOLON 7 SAVARY (Joseph*, Thomas 5 , John 4 , Thomas 3 , 
William?, Robert 1 ), was born Nov. 1, 1838 ; married, 1st, Mary 
Jane Colby, October, 1861, died Oct. 10,1871; 2d, Sept. 
27, 1873, Olive A. Beane. 

CHILDREN. 

By first wife : 

I. Kebecca 8 , b. Jan. 12, 1863 ; d. Oct. 11, 1864. 
II. Ruth E., b. July 5, 1867. 

By second wife : 
III. Jennie Marion, b. May 8, 1875. 



124 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

EIGHTH GENERATION. 
41. 

REV. GEORGE W. 8 SAVORY (Cyrus P. 1 , Daniel*, Samuel 5 , 
Chase*, Robert 3 , William 2 , Robert 1 ), born March 29, 1856 ; edu- 
cated at Phillips Exeter Academy, Kendall Union Academy, 
Meriden, N. H., and Hartford Theological School; married 
March 24, 1884, Ida, daughter of Nathan P. Gilmore, adopted 
daughter of one of his mother's brothers ; ordained Congrega- 
tional (Trinitarian) minister, April 19, 1885, and has been pas- 
tor of churches at Warner, Enfield, andStratham. Removing 
to Los Angeles, Cal., in 1888, he afterwards embraced the doc- 
trines taught by Emmanuel Swedenborg, and now ministers 
to a congregation of that faith; an eloquent preacher and 
lecturer. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Gustiue Harriman 9 , b. Feb. 13, 1885. 
II. Soleiia, b. Feb. 20, 1887. 

42. 

WALTER HARRIMAN SAVORY ( Cyrus P. 1 , Daniel*, Samuel*, 
Chase*, Robert?, William*, Robert 1 ), was born June 15, 1866 ; 
and married Sept. 1, 1886, Minnie A. Duffie. Was city editor 
of the Meriden, Conn., Daily Republican, and in 1891 editor of 
the Staten Islander, and vice-president of the Staten Island (New 
York) Press Club. 

CHILDREN. 
I. Ethel Minnie 9 , b. June 30, 1887. 



THE NEW HAMPSHIRE FAMILY. 



THE NEW HAMPSHIRE FAMILY. 



RICHARD SAVORY, OF PORTSMOUTH, AND HIS DESCENDANTS, 

Early genealogical investigators in America used to be every- 
where met by the tradition that the family inquired after sprang 
from " three brothers," who had come over together, until the 
phrase, rarely, if ever, verified, became a byword and jest. 
Just as common was the positive assertion and belief that it 
was the great-grandfather who came. Oral traditions of any 
reliability very seldom indeed, if they do ever, extend back 
beyond one's grandfather. In many a case a man of fair intel- 
ligence, in sending me his family record, after giving a clear 
account of his father's, and one perhaps a little misty of his 
grandfather's family, has added with the utmost assurance, 
" my great-grandfather came from England," which I have read 
while I had before me a record proving the birth of that great- 
grandfather's grandfather, and perhaps a still remoter ancestor, 
in New England. Similarly all trace of the county or parish 
from which the immigrant ancestor came faded out of the mem- 
ory and knowledge of his posterity after the second generation. 
But in this instance a careful inquiry, involving much corre- 
spondence, convinces me that the tradition among the elders of 
the present generation, that the great-grandfather was the 
immigrant, is sound; and that while no three brothers of our 
name came together to America, there were three distinct migra- 
tions from the same parent family, the branch which I now 
deal with coming to New Hampshire a little before the middle of 
the last century. If there really is -anything in physical type 



126 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

and facial expression to indicate relationship, it certainly exists 
in the characteristics common to the three New England fami- 
lies of the name, especially common to those who derive from 
Essex County and New Hampshire, there being branches of the 
Plymouth family which present marked exceptions.* I found 
a faint tradition that the name "of the great-grandfather 
and supposed immigrant was Robert, and I have found one of 
that name who fills the necessary conditions. Robert Savory, 
place of birth and death unknown, married at Portsmouth, 
N. H., April 17, 1748, Mary Pitman, but no further trace of 
him appears. I have no doubt there must be further records of 
him somewhere, but we cannot conjecture where to look for 
them. He was very likely the father of RICHARD, and perhaps 
other children. 



SECOND GEXEPATION. 
1. 

RICHARD 2 SAVORY (Robert 1 ?), date of birth unknown. At 
Portsmouth, March, 1799, by Rev. Samuel Haven, D. D., he 
married Abigail Hodgden, in the record described as of Roches- 
ter, N. H., but her descendants say of Farmington, whither he 
soon removed with most of his children, for this was a second 
marriage. One tradition gives his first wife's name as Barker, 
but another, apparently more reliable, names her Emily Mil- 
ler, and says further that she was born at Gravely Ridge, 
Portsmouth, and that her father once owned a " handsome 
estate" in England, which, descending to the eldest son, 
passed out of the family. The dates of his birth, first mar- 
riage, and death have eluded all my researches. 

* See note to page 15. In consequence of this resemblance, I long cherished the idea 

elng able to trace Dr. Charles A. Savory's descent from the Old Colony rather than 

c branch. He and the Rev. W. H. Savaryand myself met together about 1881, 

I Lowell Island, in Salem Harbor, each a member of one of the three " learned profes- 

ma," not .abundantly represented in the family, and each, as it turns out, descended 

rent immigrant ancestor. I remember the Doctor, who was a man of com- 

stature, Jocosely remarking as we went in to dinner, We Savorys have the 

ilsfaction of being able to put our hats where nobody else can reach them." 



THE NEW HAMPSHIRE FAMILY. 127 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 

2 I. Mary Roberts 3 . 

3 II. Richard; b. about 1781. 

4 III. Robert. 

IV. William, lived in Hopkinton, N. H. 

5 V. Charles. 

6 VI. Thomas Collins; b. about 1790. 
VII. Ann, d. unm. at Charlestown. 

By second wife : 
VIII. Emma. 

IX. Betsey, m. Goodwin, of Rollinsford, N. H., and had seven 

children, of whom three were living in 1885. 
X. Henry, no children. 

XI. George P., m., and had eight children, of whom Charles F. 3 
Savory, living at Amesbury, Mass., is one; died November, 
1882 ; his wife in August, 1879. 
XII. Nathaniel, became deranged, andd. unm. 

XIII. Lydia, d. young. 

XIV. Amy, d. young. 



THIRD GENERATION. 
2. 

MARY ROBERTS 3 SAVORY (Richard 1 , probably Robert 1 ), married 
Robert Mendum, or Mendom, of Portsmouth, N. H. A modern 
branch of the family spell the name Mendon, which I suspect 
was really the original name. 

CHILDREN. 

Besides, perhaps, others. 

I. Mary Roberts 4 , who m. September, 1831, William Hamilton 
Walker; lived at Leicester, N. H., and d. Dec. 21, 1889. 
She had ch. : (1) Col. Sumuel 5 Walker, who d. in Denver, 
Col., from the effect of a bullet lodged in his body at the 
battle of Fredericksburg, years before. (2) Mary Lavinia, 
who m. John Francis Annable. (3) Charlotte Theresa, 
living at Leicester. 

NOTE. The following is from Salem Register of Jan. 12, 1882 : 
GOLDEN WEDDINGS. We alluded a few days ago to the golden wed- 
ding of Mr. and Mrs. John Amiable, of Beverly, and to the fact that their 
son, Mr. John F. Annable, formerly of Beverly, but now a prominent 
dealer in coffee at Boston, had a short time before been present at the 
golden wedding of the parents of his wife. Mr. John Annable was a native 



128 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

of Manchester, and fifty years ago married Miss Hannah Hill Savory, of 
Salem, the daughter of Robert Savory, of the firm of Robert & Richard 
Savory, coopers, well known in Salem seventy years ago. Mr. John F. 
Amiable married Miss MaryL. Walker, the daughter of Mr. William H. 
Walker, formerly of Portsmouth, N. H., but now of Leicester, Mass., 
whose wife was Miss Mary Roberts Mendum, and they celebrated the 
fiftieth anniversary of their marriage last September. The mother of 
Miss Mary R. Mendum (now Mrs. Wm. H. Walker) was the daughter of 
Mrs. Mary Savory Mendum, who was the sister of Mr. Robert Savory, the 
maternal grandfather of Mr. John F. Annable. It thus appears that both 
Mr. and Mrs. John F. Annable can trace their ancestry direct to the same 
honored Salem family, although neither was aware of the relationship until 
quite recently. It is a striking fact that each should have had the good for- 
tune to witness the golden wedding of the parents of both, the notable 
events occurring within a few weeks of each other. 

3. 

RiCHARD 3 SAVORY (Richard 2 , probably Robert 1 ), was born at 
Portsmouth or Seabrook, about 1781, and after his father's 
second marriage, and while ,both were yet young, went with his 
brother Robert to Salem, where they learned and engaged in 
the business of coopers, in which for many years they were 
somewhat renowned, Richard at one time running three facto- 
ries, and acquiring considerable estate; he married at Salem, 
Sept. 11, 1803, Betsey Lewis; was one of the founders of the 
Universalist Church at Salem; died Feb. 12, 1841, and his 
widow Sept. 2, 1861, aged 75 years 9 months. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Emily Lewis', b. 1804; m. Jan. 7, 1830, Phineas B. Weston; 

and d. Aug. 3, 1874. Ch. : (1) Emily 5 ; (2) Alice. 
II. Mary, b. 1806 ; m. Jan. 24, 1828, Joseph Hardy Millet, of Salem. 
III. Augustus, b. 1808; m. June 14, 1829, Eliza Varney ; d. Feb. 27, 

1838. Ch. : George A. 5 , living in Minneapolis. 
1 IV. George, b. 1810. 

V. Elizabeth L., b. 1813; m. Oct. 16, 1843, Benj. Webb; d. Nov. 1, 

1860. Xo children. 
VI. Caroline, b. 1816; m. June 21, 1846, John J. Scobie; d. Dec. 11, 

1849. No children living. 

VII. Sarah Ann, b. 1818; m. Oct. 8, 1839, Charles A. Smith, of Bos 
ton; d. Oct. 28, 1864. Ch. : Arabella T. 5 



THE NEW HAMPSHIRE FAMILY. 129 

VIII. Harriet Ellen, b. 1820; m. Nov. 10, 1840, Henry P. Upton; d. 
Aug. 29, 1877. Oh. living: (1) Elizabeth Lewis 5 ; (2) 
Georgiana Theresa. 

IX. Richard F., b. 1823; m. Sept. 30, 1847, Elizabeth M. Lopez; 
d. at sea, Sept. 12, 1851. Ch. : E. W. 5 , m. to Joseph McKay ; 
lives in St. Paul, Minn. 
X. Theresa Maria, b. 1825 ; m. Oct. 17, 1847, Daniel R. Bowker. 

Ch.: (1) Richard Rogers 5 ; (2) Carrie F. 

XI. William Thomas, b. 1827 ; m. Laura, daughter of Robert De- 
land and Mary Welcome. Ch. : Laura Lewis 5 . 

4. 

ROBERT 3 SAVORY (Richard' 1 , probably Robert 1 ), married at 
Beverly, by Rev. Mr. Abbott, Nov. 30, 1808, Jane Hill, daugh- 
ter of James and Elizabeth Hill, natives of Ireland. She was 
born at Beverly, Nov. 16, 1786 ; d. Feb. 23, 1840. He removed 
to Beverly and died there, at what date I do not know. 

CHILDREN. 
Born at Beverly. 
I. James 4 , d. unm. 
II. Isabella, d. unm. 
III. Hannah Hill, m. 1832, John Annable ; living at Beverly. 

5. 

CHARLES 3 SAVORY (Richard?, probably Robert 1 ), date of birth 
unknown. He married Nancy Vickery, and died young, in Bos- 
ton. His widow, although in delicate physical health, supported 
herself, by her energy and decision of character, respectably 
to the time of her decease. She died of consumption. 

CHILDREN. 
I. Jane 4 . 
8 II. Charles August, b. Dec. 25, 1813. 

6. 

THOMAS COLLINS S SAVORY (Richard?, probably Robert 1 ), mar- 
ried Nancy Smith ; died March 11, 1825. His widow married 
Shadrach Dixon, and had four children ; died Aug. 4, 1843. 

CHILDREN. 

9 I. Thomas Collins 4 , b. June 11, 1818. 

10 II. Richard, b. Sept. 2, 1819; .d. about 1869. 

III. William Henry, b. June 5, 1821 ; in. Oct. 16, 1849, Catherine 

Amelia Lucas, of Plymouth. Ch. : (1) William H. 6 , b. May 
12, 1852 ; lives at Chelsea, Mass. 

IV. Benjamin, b. April 11, 1823 ; d. Oct. 18, 1825. 



130 THE SAVEKY FAMILIES. 

FOURTH GENERATION. 

7. 

GEORGE 4 SAVORY (Richard*, Richard?, probably Robert 1 }, was 
born in 1810; m. Dec. 12, 1839, Mary Allen Wellman ; was 
president of the New York and La Plata Steampship Company, 
and of the People's Gas Light Company, of Albany ; died Jan. 

6, 1875. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Augustus T. ft 
II. George A. 



8. 

DR. CHARLES AUGUST 4 S AVOTCY ( Charted, Richard?, probably 
Robert 1 }, was born Dec. 25, 1813 ; was a young child when his 
father died and was taken by his uncle Richard to Hopkinton, 
N. II., and there placed with Mr. John Kimball, with whom he 
remained several years, and prepared himself for the avocation 
of a teacher ; was postmaster and inspector of schools of Hop- 
kinton. He graduated at Dartmouth Medical School in 1835, 
receiving the honorary degree of A. M. from Dartmouth Col- 
lege in 1852, was appointed Professor of Midwifery in Philadel- 
phia College of Medicine, but soon afterwards resigned, and 
entered on a general practice, and was for many years one of 
the leading and most respected and able practitioners in Low- 
ell, Mass., both in medicine and surgery, making a specialty 
of diseases of the eye. His reputation was not merely local, 
but he was well known as a leading member of his profes- 
sion throughout the State. He was a constant student, four 
times journeying to Europe to add to his stock of knowl- 
edge. He was one of the [first in Massachusetts to recognize 
the importance of antiseptics in surgery, and kept himself 
abreast of modern scientific thoughts and discovery in the 
practice of his profession. " Dr. Savory was a fine representative 
of the old-school family physician, a man whose very presence 
in the sick-room was a help and stimulant to the patient, Of 



THE NEW HAMPSHIRE FAMILY. 131 

a kindly nature, self-reliant and careful, he was peculiarly fitted 
by nature for the great profession he adopted and in which he 
attained such marked success. He will be missed and mourned 
by many, but by none more than the many families in which he 
was the helper and consoler in times of trouble and illness. 
A devout churchman, the singular circumstance will not escape 
notice that his birth and death were upon days that are promi- 
nent in the Protestant Episcopal Church calendar Christmas 
Day and Candlemas Day." He married Ma} T 9, 1838, Mary 
Stark, daughter of Dr. James Stark, and descendant of a dis- 
tinguished officer in the Revolution. He died Feb. 2, 1892, 
leaving one child, the wife of Solon W. Stevens, Esq. 



9. 

THOMAS CoLLixs 4 SAVORY (Thomas Collins*, Richard' 1 , 
probably Robert 1 ), was born in Boston, June 11, 1818, and at the 
death of his father in 1825, became a member of the family of his 
uncle Richard ; married Miss Berkely, whose parents came to 
America from Antrim, Ireland. Her mother's maiden name 
was Johnston, connected with the Johnstons of Belfast. De- 
veloping a natural taste for art, he declined to embrace the 
business of his uncles, and removed to Boston, where he has 
long been well known as a banner and ornamental painter. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Thomas C. 5 , b. Jan. 25, 1840; d. Oct. 31, 1879. 
II. Anne L., b. Dec. 28, 1842 ; m. Byron W. Nichols, of New 

Haven, Conn., who d. in 1884. Oh. : (1) Byron W. 6 , b. 1873 ; 

(2) Mary Christine, b. 1876. 

III. Christine W., b. Aug. 17, 1843. 

IV. Eugene F., b. March 16, 1848 ; d. June 28, 1862. 

V. Ida Berkeley, b. Dec. 23, 1850 ; a lady of great histrionic talent, 
and other accomplishments, natural and acquired ; married 
Dr. L. Hopkins Keep, of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

VI. Walter Scott; b. Sept. 26, 1853. WALTER ScoxT 5 SAVORY fol- 
lows the profession of a decorative painter; m. Aug. 2, 
1880, May Maud Gove, of Troy, X. H. Ch. : (1) Norma 
Berkely 6 , b. Sept. 20, 1881; d. Sept. 3, 1890. (2) Thomas 
Charles, b. May 12, 1883. 
VII. Joseph V., b. Jan. 8, 1856. 



132 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

1C. 

RiCHARD 4 SAVORY (Thomas Collins*, Richard?, probably 
Robert*), was born Sept, 2, 1819; and married Aug. 26, 1843, 
Cornelia C. Dnrell, of Boston; died Aug. 2, 1860. 

CHILDREN. 

I. George E. 5 , b. Xov. 18, 1844. GEORGE E. SAVORY m. Feb. 
9, 1892, Helen E. Pease, of Nashua, 1ST. H. ; is property clerk 
for the Police Department at No. 7 Pemberton Square, 
Boston. 

II. A daughter, b. Xov. 11, 1847; d., aged four years. 
III. Ella F., b. April 2, 1851 ; unm. 



THE NAME IN BARBADOES. 133 



THE NAME IN BARBADOES. 



THE name appears early and conspicuously in Barbadoes, 
where in 1674 John Savery was fined 870 pounds of sugar, " for 
not sending arms to the troops." In 1678 he was fined for 
" not appearing in the troop or sending men to serve in arms." 
About the same time Jeremiah and Elizabeth Savery were 
punished for similar disregard of requirements repugnant 
to the consciences of the Friends.* In a record of masters, 
mistresses, etc., in St. Andrew's Parish, Barbadoes, June 3, 
1680, is " John Savery, 53 acres of land, no servants, no ne- 
groes." The above is from printed books, but a reference to 
the few parish and other records of the island which have sur- 
vived the ravages of time, insects, and hurricanes, discloses a 
numerous and highly respectable family there at a still earlier 
date. All I have gleaned from these sources will be found in 
Appendix A. It will there be seen that the name William, a 
favorite name among the Philadelphia Saverys, appeared as 
early as 1665, and continued in the family throughout; that the 
name Samuel, also quite common, evidently occurred, as it did 
in each of the early New England families, in the second gen- 
eration ; that in 1663 and 1668, John Savery was a prominent 
attorney, being in the latter year appointed returning officer for 
the parish of St. Lucia's in the general election about to be 
held ; and that an ANTHONY SAVORY died Jan. 24, 1682. 

Whether the lawyer was identical with the John Savory, 
"planter," who, Dec. 7, 1644 (only nineteen years after 
the first settlement), conveyed to Henry Miller and others 
land which he had "lately purchased of Lewis Evans," or 

*Besse'8 " Sufferings of Quakers." 1 In 1658 many Friends fled from persecution in 
Barbadoes to Jamaica, where they were kindly received by Gen. D'Oyley. 



134 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

with the Friend who was fined in 1674 and 1678, or if not, 
whether either and which of them was the same JOHN SAVERY 
who was baptized at Hannington in 1606,1 cannot say: but 
probably he was the one mentioned in the list of " masters," etc., 
of 1<)8<>, for St. Andrew's, St. Lucy's, and St. Peter's were con- 
tiguous parishes in the northern part of the island. Eliza- 
beth Savery, his widow, a lady of considerable property, by her 
will, dated Aug. 6, 1693, leaves a bequest to the "poor among 
Friends," mentions a son John, as a young man without chil- 
dren, and a young grandson, John, son of a son Samuel, then 
in Jamaica. This grandson is probably the same who married 
April 20, 1718, at St. James', Mary Stanley, the pair being de- 
scribed as "both of ys parish." It was not, however, until 
March. 1735, that we find John, son of John and Mary Savory, 
baptized, and on May 24 of the same year, all together, 
" WILLIAM, son, and Elizabeth, Margaret, Polly, and Susanna, 
daughters of John and Mary Savory," Were baptized. The ages of 
these children must have ranged from fifteen or sixteen years to 
infancy, and William may well have been born in 1721 or 1722, 
the delay in bringing them to the baptismal font of the English 
Church being probably due to the doctrinal proclivities of the 
male parent. Again, March 9, 1739-40, Thomas and John, sons 
of John and Mary, were baptized, showing that the first John 
had died young. Thus, William may, as he grew to maturity, 
have returned to the religious faith and ordinances to which some 
of his ancestors and doubtless many of his collateral relatives 
were attached, and removed to Philadelphia and allied himself 
to his co-religionists there without taking with him any certifi- 
cate of regular membership among Friends. If so, he and his 
descendants are the subjects of the next two articles ; but I only 
advance this as a plausible conjecture. The registers of only 
three out of the eleven parishes into which the island was 
divided have escaped extinction, and the records of the Society 
of Friends, who were a numerous body in Barbadoes, I have 
been unable to find after exhaustive inquiries, generously 



THE NAME IN BAKBADOES. 135 

assisted by several correspondents. The Societies were found 
almost disorganized when James Cresson a minister of Phila- 
delphia, made them a religious visit in 1784, and no trace of 
their records can be found among the valuable archives pre- 
served by the English Society at Devonshire House, London, 
where I have searched as a last resource. They are no doubt 
irretrievably lost. The name Anthony, so common in the 
Wiltshire and Old Colony family, but not found among the 
Saverys of Devonshire, in which county the surname abounds, 
seems to me very indicative of a cognate origin for the planters 
in Massachusetts and Barbadoes. For Anthony, a peculiarly 
honored Roman Catholic name, being that of the founder of 
monasticism, was very rare indeed at that day among Protes- 
tants, especially Puritans, and was soon dropped alike by the 
Puritans of New England and the Quakers of Barbadoes. A 
familiar and common Christian name frequent in two families 
would prove nothing, but a rare and unusual one would 
strongly suggest kinship. The first families who migrated to 
Barbadoes were " chiefly from Kent, and the southern and west- 
ern counties," * which, of course, includes Wiltshire. 

* Schomburgh's " History of Barbadoes." 



136 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 



THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY, 



i. 

WILLIAM SAVERY, SR. 

THE first mention of the name on the records of the Society 
of Friends, in Philadelphia, or any record of the city, is the 
marriage of William Savery, April 19, 1746, to Mary, daughter of 
Reese Peters. In the record of his death, May 27, 1787, his 
age is given as 65. Therefore he must have been born between 
May 27, 1721, and May 27, 1722. His wife was born 1722, 
and died July 27, 1804. I have been unable to fix with 
certainty his birthplace, or to trace the relationship (if 
any) between him and the other branches of the American 
family. There is nothing to show that he was not de- 
scended (perhaps through New Jersey) from one of the miss- 
ing sons of Thomas the Pilgrim, whom I cannot trace after 
their birth at Plymouth. The Friends in Barbadoes, as we 
have seen, were sorely vexed, and early in the last century 
many of them sought a more congenial home in the City of 
Peace and "brotherly love." At the outset of my investiga- 
tions as to the origin of the Philadelphia family, I found among 
its living members a tradition, not very much trusted, that 
their male ancestor's name was Solomon, who, with his son 
William, came to that city from one of the" West India 
Islands, in company with Solomon Cresson, one of their 
ancestors in a maternal line, but no record exists to prove 
the fact, while the names of most of the arrivals from 
Barbadoes at that time are preserved and known. Still, 
the frequency of the name in Barbadoes, and especially its 
connection with the Friends, gives &prima facie color of prob- 



THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY. 137 

ability to this tradition of his origin, although there may 
have been confusion as to his Christian name and other 
details. His son, the eminent minister, in the journal of 
his religious visit to England, first speaks, under date 
Sept. 4, 1796, of "Joseph Savory, of London," who was evi- 
dently a prominent and active, and apparently a wealthy mem- 
ber of the English Society. This Joseph was an ancestor of 
the late Lord Mayor of London, and in the London Directory of 
1801 is mentioned as cutler and silversmith at 10 the Poultry, 
perhaps the pioneer in the grand firm or succession of firms 
who have carried on the business of silversmiths, goldsmiths, 
and bullion dealers at Cornhill to this day. He was son of 
Moses and Hester Savory, born at Wands worth, Surrey, May 8, 
1745, his father being described as "of Wandsworth, fisherman," 
and probably being the same Moses who was son of Thomas 
and Mary Savory, born at Wandsworth, May 28, 1712. 
Joseph Savory married July 31, 1776, Anna, daughter of 
Joseph and Judith Bellamy, "late of Framingham, Suffolk," 
and had a daughter Hester, born May 31, 1777, the subject 
of Charles Lamb's poem, and a daughter Anna, born Oct. 
16, 1788. The minister, in connection with his crossing 
to Ireland, April, 1798, speaks of being accompanied by 
A. Savory, and of his "cousin," A. Savory, landing with 
him at Holyhead on his return. A letter to his wife at 
this time proves that the "A." meant Anna Savory, from 
whom he conveys to his wife a kindly greeting, as he does in 
another letter a similar message from Joseph and Hester Savory, 
the latter perhaps the mother of Joseph. But as to whether 
Anna was the wife or daughter, we can merely conjecture that 
the latter, being then only twenty years of age, would be less 
likely to go with him to Ireland than the matron of mature 
years. In her journal, date Oct. 6, 1780, Elizabeth Fry (then 
Gurney) speaks with concern of her sister Catherine wishing 
her to discontinue her correspondence with Anna Savory, and 
her own inclination to comply with the advice. The younger 



THE S AVERT FAMILIES. 

Anna would be a little older than she, and was probably the 
correspondent alluded to, and it may have been the daughter, 
and not the wife of Joseph, who, inspired early with religious 
zeal, was the companion of the minister on this visit. Which- 
ever it was, the fact of his calling her his cousin impressed me 
with the idea that she must have been a descendant of an uncle 
or great-uncle of his own, but nothing appears in the records 
of the Society to prove it. I had difficulty in getting over the 
notion that one so precise and staid as the minister, or any 
typical member of his religious fraternity in that day, would 
apply the term u cousin" * to another unless he knew of some such 
relationship by blood or marriage. But in his frequent refer- 
ences to the husband or father he never gives him any other 
title than that of his " friend," or " beloved friend " ; and Dr. 
William Savery, his grand-nephew, whose opinion in such 
a matter is entitled to more weight than mine, thinks she must 
have been merely " one of a number of that name who lived in 
London at the time, and who seem to have united in acts of 
kindness and attention to him, either on account of a known or 
supposed relationship, or from sympathy with his gospel labors, 
or both," an opinion which is confirmed by the fact that there 
is nowhere in his journal or correspondence (at least such por- 
tions as have come down to us) any reference to a visit to his 
father's early home in England, or to any relatives whom he 
met there, some of whom he would surely speak of as such. 
Dr. Savery is inclined also to the belief that the first William 
was an Englishman, coming to Philadelphia probably direct 
from London, without bringing with him any credentials or 
" certificate of membership " among Friends, which he is informed 
was not uncommon in the early history of the Society, and may 
have been repeated at as late a time as his arrival. But Mr. Isaac 
Sharpe, the able and courteous secretary of the present London 
Society at Devonshire House, and custodian of all the English 

* Who knows but that this was a printer's error, for " compn.," companion ; a common 
sort of abbreviation In those days? The MS. is supposed to be no longer in existence. 



THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY. 139 

records of the Friends preserved there, assures me that his 
name does not appear anywhere on those records, and he infers 
conclusively that he was born either " out of the Society or out 
of the Kingdom." I have concluded, after weighing the whole 
case carefully, that he was a native of Barbadoes, descended 
not unlikely from the John who was fined as a Quaker in 1674 
and 1678, or from some other one of those who brought to Bar- 
badoes the Wiltshire, Old Colony, and Essex County names, 
Anthony, William, and Samuel Savery. And the naming of 
his children, Elizabeth, Thomas, and John, in the same order as 
that of the brothers and sisters of the same name of the 
William who was baptized in Barbadoes in 1735, seems to me 
,more than a coincidence. It points strongly to the identity of that 
William of Barbadoes with the William of this article. By occu- 
pation, " chair-maker," he held for several years the position of 
assessor in some of the central wards of the city of Philadelphia, 
having been appointed thereto, Aug. 20, 1754. His certificate of 
this appointment was signed by Benjamin Franklin and several 
other prominent men of the city. It is now in the possession of 
the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. He also served the city 
as agent and collector of taxes for the guardians of the poor, etc., 
in 1767 ; and disbursed the moneys appropriated for the ex- 
penses of the almshouse, as appears by his records in manu- 
script, still in the family. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Elizabeth 2 , born May 30, 1747; d. young. 
II. WILLIAM, b. July 14, 1750, the eminent minister. (See his 

biography, next article.) 
2 III. Thomas, b. Oct. 13, 1751. 

IV. Joseph, b. Feb. 14, 1753; d. Feb. 16, 1757. 
V. Mary, b. Jan. 27, 1755 ; d. Sept. 9, 1775. 
VI. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 24, 1756. 
VII. Joseph, b. March 18, 1759; d. Aug. 16, 1770. 
VIII. John, b. Xov. 21, 1760; d. Sept. 5, 1761. 
IX. Ann, b. Dec. 21, 1762. 
X. Benjamin, b. Jan. 27, 1765 ; d. May 4, 1765. 
XI. Rachel, twin of Benjamin; d. Aug. 29, 1766. 

Besides William and Thomas, Elizabeth and Ann survived their 
father, and are mentioned in their brother William's will. 



140 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

SECOND GENERATION. 
2. 

THOMAS- SAVERY ( William 1 ), was born Oct. 13, 1751 ; mar- 
ried Nov. 24, 1791, Rebecca Scattergood, daughter of John and 
Elizabeth (Head) Scattergood, who was born July 29, 1770, 
and died Aug. 25, 1855 ; was by occupation a " carpenter and 
builder," an elder of Arch Street Meeting, Philadelphia, in the 
Society of Friends ; was an active and useful member of the 
Volunteer Fire Department, belonging to the Harmony Fire 
Engine Company ; was a member of the original Anti-slavery 
Society of Pennsylvania (founded by Franklin, Rush, etc.), 
and much interested in the cause of the oppressed Afri- 
cans, both l)oiid and free ; was also an active member of the 
Humane Society of Philadelphia, for the relief and restoration 
of persons apparently drowned, etc. ; was a member of the Society 
for the Promotion of First-Day or Sunday Schools in Philadel- 
phia, of which the eminent Bishop White was president; 
was a constant and valuable working member of the Commit- 
tee of Safety (appointed at a town meeting of the citizens of 
Philadelphia, held Sept, 14, 1793), to take charge of the hos- 
pital at Bush Hill, and attend to the needs of those suffering 
from the prevailing epidemic of yellow fever, which was at 
that time very widespread and fatal. 

This committee rendered most efficient service during the 
whole period of the epidemic, and four of its members fell 
victims 'to the dread disease in the midst of their labors. 
After disbanding (March 8, 1794), the surviving members were 
publicly thanked for their unselfish devotion to the cause of suf- 
fering humanity, at a town meeting held March 15, 1794, pre- 
sided over by the governor of the State, Hon. Thomas McKean. 

CHILDREN. 

3 I. William 3 , b. Jan. 9, 1798. 

4 II. Mary, b. Aug. 16, 1800. 

5 III. Thomas, b. Sept. 19, 1802. 

IV. Elizabeth, b. June 1, 1806; d. May 25, 1860. 
V. Sarah, 1). 1810; d. Jan. 24, 1832. 



THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY. 141 

THIRD GENERATION. 
3. 

WILLIAM 3 SAVEKY ( Thomas*, William 1 ), was born Jan. 9, 1798 ; 
married Dec. 11, 1828, Elizabeth H. Cresson, who was born Dec. 
15, 1808, and died Dec. 20, 1851. He died Aug. 17, 1858. 

CHILDREN. 

6 I. Thomas 4 , b. Dec. 20, 1829. 

7 II. John C., b. Dec. 5, 1830. 

8 III. William, b. Oct. 20, 1832. 

9 IV. Rebecca W., b. Oct. 19, 1836. 

V. Elizabeth, b. July 5, 1839 ; d. 16th same month. 

4. 

MARY 3 SAVERY (Thomas 1 ', William 1 ), was born Aug. 16, 
1800 ; and married Feb. 12, 1822, Thomas F. Scattergood, who 
was born Sept. 26, 1795, and died March 16, 1876. She died 

Jan. 7, 1869. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Rebecca S. 4 , b. Aug. 4, 1823; d. Nov. 28, 1831. 
II. Savery, b. March 12, 1827 ; d. Jan. 6, 1828. 

III. Thomas S., b. April 22, 1830 ; d. Dec. 26, 1834. 

IV. Sarah S., b. April 27, 1836. 

10 V. Thomas F., b. March 15, 1840. 

5. 

THOMAS^ SAVERY (Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born Sept. 
19, 1802; married, 1st, Sept, 2, 1824, Rebecca W. Cresson, who 
was born Sept. 18, 1803, and died, leaving no children, Jan. 4, 
1825 ; 2d, Nov. 13, 1834, Hannah H. Webb, who was born 
Nov. 19, 1810, and died Aug. 5, 1890. He died March 18, 1860. 

CHILDREN. 

By second wife : 

11 I. Stephen W. 4 , b. Aug. 27, 1835. 

12 II. Thomas H., b. May. 31, 1837. 

13 III. Sarah, b. April 13, 1839. 

14 IV. Edward, b. Dec. 6, 1841. 

V. William H., b. April 6, 1844 ; d. July 13, 1864. 

VI. Mary W., b. July 17, 1846; m. Nov. 14, 1872, Eli Sharpies, of 

New Jersey; and d. Nov. 27, 1874, leaving no children. 
VII. Charles, b. Jan. 6, 1849; d. March 8, 1854. 

15 VIII. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 1, 1852. 



142 THE SAVER Y FAMILIES. 

FOURTH GENERATION. 
6. 

THOMAS 4 S A VERY ( William 3 , Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born 
Dec. 20, 1829 ; was a farmer living for many years in Penns- 
bury Township, Chester County, Penn., leaving there about 1883 
for Wiiiona, Col umbiana County, Ohio, where he died unmarried 
Sept. 12, 1889. At his former home he held the station of 
elder, and was also the clerk of " Kennett Monthly Meeting 
of Friends" (Orthodox). 

7. 

JOHN C. 4 8 A VERY (William?, Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born 
Dec. 5, 1830 ; Avas a druggist and chemist, graduate of the 
Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, and pursued that business 
for many years. He died unmarried at Winona, Ohio, Aug. 1, 
1888, whilst on a visit to his brother Thomas, who was then 
ill. Neither he nor his father ever held any public office; but 
both were in their day useful members of the Volunteer Fire 
Department of Philadelphia. 

8. 

WiLLiAM 4 SAVERY (William 3 , Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born 
Oct. 20, 1832; graduated at the Philadelphia College of Phar- 
macy, 1 854 ; was resident apothecary and medical registrar 
at the Friends' Asylum for the Insane, 1860 ; graduated at 
the University of Pennsylvania in medical class of 1861 ; resi- 
dent physician in the Will's Hospital for the Eye, 1861 and 

L862; resident physician and surgeon in the Pennsylvania 
Hospital, Philadelphia, April, 1862, to October, 1863 ; volun- 
teer surgeon in the United States Hospital at Fredericksburg, 
Va.; physician to the Winnebago tribe of Indians in Ne- 
braska, under appointment of President. Grant ("Peace Policy"), 

.870-71; was attending physician to the Hospital of the 
Good Shepherd, near Philadelphia, for several years, from 
1874-80. Married Sept. 15, 1870, Rebecca Hutton, daugh- 
ter of Joel W. and Ann Hutton, who was born Feb. 18, 1847. 



THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY. 143 

CHILDREN. 

I. Albert H. 5 *b. June 27, 1871. 

II. Addison H., b. Oct. 20, 1872. 

III. Elizabeth H., b. Jan. 9, 1875. 

IV. Anne, b. Oct. 4, 1879. 

9. 

REBECCA W. 4 SAVERY (William*, Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was 
born Oct. 19, 1836 ; and married Oct. 10, 1865, Addison Hut- 
ton, architect, of Philadelphia, who was born Jan. 28, 1834. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Mary Hutton 5 , b. Sept. 11, 1869. 



10. 

THOMAS F. 4 SCATTERGOOD, JR. (Mary* Saver y and Thomas 
F. Scatter good, Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born March 15, 1840; 
and married Oct. 13, 1869, Sarah Armitt Woodward. 

CHILDREN. 

I. AVilliam Savery 5 , b. Aug. 24, 1871. 
II. Thomas Walter, b. June 20, 1874. 
III. Herbert Armitt, b. Jan. 11, 1881. 



11. 

STEPHEN W. 4 SAVERY (Thomas*, Thomas 1 , William 1 }, was 
born Aug. 27,1835; and married Oct. 15, 1873, Susanna 
Forsyth. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Susanna 5 , b. Sept. 14, 1874; d. Sept. 25, 1874. 

II. Elizabeth, b. March 27, 1876. 

III. Charles W., b. Xov. 15, 1878. 

IV. Hannah, b. Jan. 8, 1882. 
V. Marian F., b. May 10, 1884. 

VI. Walter H., b. Oct. 8, 1890. 

12. 

THOMAS H. 4 SAVERY (Thomas*, Thomas*, William 1 ), was born 
May 31, 1837 ; and married June 15,- 1864, Sarah Pirn, who 



144 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

was born Sept, 20, 1837. Resides at Wilmington, Del., and 
holds, among others, the following positions* President of the 
"Harpers Ferry Paper Co.," and of the " Shenandoah Pulp Co.," 
vice-president of the "General Steamship Co." (navigating the 
Orinoco River), vice-president of the "Pusey & Jones Co.," 
capital $750,000, builders of iron vessels, steam engines, etc. ; the 
" Wilmington Savings Fund Society," and "City Electric Co.," 
all of which are successful institutions, and director of the 
-York Haven Paper Co.," York Haven, Pa., and the "Denver 
Sulphite Co.," Denver, Col. 

CHILDREN. 

I. William H.% b. Oct. 24, 1865. 

II. Helen, b. Sept. 5,1809. 

III. Thomas H., t. May 31, 1871. 

IV. Florence, b. July 3, 1874; d. June 25, 1876. 
V. Anne I'im, b. Nov. 30, 1876. 

13. 

SARAH 4 SAVERY (Thomas 9 , Thomas' 2 , William 1 ), was born 
April 13, 1839; and married Dec. 17, 1868, George B. Mellor. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Thomas 5 , b. Oct. 10, 1869. 

II. Elizabeth, b. May 10, 1871. 

III. Hannah, b. Dec. 20, 1872. 

IV. George, b. Xov. 13, 1877. 

14. 

EDWARD 4 SAVEKY (Thomas*, Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born 
Dec. 6, 1841 ; and married Dec. 13, 1873, Hannah Hughes. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Charles 5 , b. Oct. 15, 1874; d. March 11, 1875. 

II. Mary H., b. Dec. 5, 1875. 

III. Edward W., b. March 26, 1880. 

IV. Rebecca L., b. Jan. 4, 1885. 

15. 

ELIZABETH 4 SAVERY ( Thomas 3 , Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born 
Nov. 1, 1852; and married Oct. 7, 1880, Thomas B. Taylor, of 
West Chester, Pa. 






THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY. 145 

CHILDREN. 

I. Emma Harvey 5 , b. June 20, 1882. 

II. Francis Richards, b. Dec. 31, 1884. 

III. Sarah Savery, b. Sept. 2. 1886; d. Sept. 23, 1886. 

IV. Ralph Savery, b. March 6, 1888. * 



146 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 



WILLIAM SAVERY. 



WILLIAM SAVERY was born in the city of Philadelphia in 
the year 1750 ; received an education in the principles of the 
Christian religion as professed by the Society of Friends, and 
was placed with a Friend in the country to learn the business 
of a tanner. Returning to the city at the expiration of his 
apprenticeship, he for a time mingled with gay and thoughtless 
companions, and led a life of ease, comfort, and pleasure, which 
he afterwards pathetically described as a revolt from the paths 
of purity and peace. Activity of spirits, loose discourse, and 
noisy mirth were often resorted to as a means of drowning the 
serious reflections that sometimes intruded themselves upon 
him. Social in his disposition and genial in his habits, he was 
no stranger to the tavern and other places of public diversion; 
and, having a sense of humor and fondness for the ludi- 
crous, he indulged a habit which in his after years he much 
deplored, of relating mirth-provoking tales, strained beyond the 
strict truth for the sake of embellishment and zest. He was 
evidently by nature reverential, and extremely conscientious ; 
penitence followed more and more on the unsanctified enjoy- 
ments of such a life as he was leading, and nights of sorrow 
often succeeded days of careless pleasure, and he was sometimes 
favored to see in part the beauty of holiness, but fearful, if he 
should turn his back upon the world, of incurring the scorn of 
its votaries. After many spiritual baptisms, in response to his 
ardent struggles to obtain the favor of God, at length, in 1778, 
while attending a meeting after an interment " in Marion, he 
experienced a deeper and more decided and abiding religious 
impression than ever before. He married in that year his wife, 



WILLIAM S A VERY. 147 

Sarah Evans,* daughter of Pennell Evans, of Berks County, Penn- 
sylvania, and settled himself in business in the city. He had 
at this time been earnestly employed in bringing himself to a 
better and more circumspect life, exercising extreme caution in 
his daily conduct, and strict justice in his dealings with his 
fellow-men. He condemned as a delusion any idea that he 
might have once cherished, that he ever could by his own exer- 
tions have reached " that purity which all the vessels of the 
Lord's house must come to, being under the law which cannot 
make the comers thereunto perfect ; not having passed under 
the flaming sword, nor felt the day of the Lord to be come, 
which burns as an oven." For a period "his meat was gall and' 
wormwood," and his "drink was of the bitter waters of Mara"; 
times of "spiritual baptism" followed more frequently, until 
after many prayers and tears and struggles, he was enabled to 
cry aloud, " Oh, now I know that my Redeemer liveth ! " and 
felt "an inexpressible sweetness in being favored with such an 
evidence of the goodness and mercy of God " ; and his beloved 
wife, who had shared with him in his affliction, was made a par- 
taker with him in his exceeding great joy. Henceforth his 
motto was, " What shall I render to the Lord for all his mer- 
cies ? " In this spirit he entered on that career of tireless Chris- 
tian labors and acts of beneficence and mercy, which only ter- 
minated with his life, and which, with his winning eloquence, 
and the loveliness of his character, have made his name a 
"sweet savor" among the Society of Friends to this day. 

In the year 1779 he accompanied a Friend on a visit .to 
meetings of Friends in Virginia and Carolina, and it seems 
to have been about this time that he was constrained to 
speak a few words occasionally in the solemn assembly. He 
was much impressed at seeing a Friend, who had been drafted 
to serve in the army of the Revolution, punished with forty 
lashes for refusing to serve, and lie commends the exemption 

* After his death she married Thomas Norton, of Philadelphia. 



THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

claimed for the Friends by a Major Roberts, who urged that 
they ought not to suffer, because they had borne their tes- 
timony against war from the beginning, and moreover were 
compelled to pay threefold more than their share of the taxes. 
The repugnance of the Quakers to bear arms was often mis- 
taken for loyalty to the Empire, and the circumstance related 
will show how hard it was for any one to maintain a neutral 
attitude between the contending parties in those unhappy 
days. There were some notable Friends among the Loyalists 
who settled in Nova Scotia at the peace, showing that they, 
as well as other denominations, were divided in opinion as to 
the merits of the war.* In 1781 he was acknowledged a 
minister, and in 1785, with the concurrence of the monthly 
meeting, he visited the yearly meetings of New York and 
Rhode Island, and other meetings in the State of New York 
and in New England. I have not met with any account 
of a visit by him to Plymouth County, but it may be that 
the occurrence so often of the profession of Quaker principles 
among the Saverys of the Old Colony is in part due to the 
influence of his preaching. It is worthy of remark that so 
many of the name widely sundered, and connected by no known 
kinship, have at different periods been conspicuous among the 
Friends. One is disposed to attribute it to a peculiar psychical 
and mental characteristic, inherited through the centuries from 
the common stock of the parent tree, wherever its scions have 
been planted; a natural and transmitted tendency to the sub- 
jective and spiritual in religion the inner sense as opposed to 
the outward form a tendency which only had free scope for its 
development in the great religious upheaval consequent on the 
Reformation, and which probably led the family early to em- 
brace Protestantism, and carried many of them soon over to the 
congenial fellowship of the Friends, as evinced alike in Barda- 

* The father of Benjamin West, a celebrated painter, was a Quaker Loyalist, and so 
were the ancestors of the Fitzrandolphs and Warringtons of Digby and Annapolis 
CounUes, N. 3. 



WILLIAM SAVER Y. 149 

does, in Philadelphia, in New England, in London, and in 
Cork.* 

In 1791 he visited Charleston and other cities of the Southern 
States, where his first contact with slavery, so abhorrent to the 
cardinal principles of his people, touched his sympathetic and 
tender nature most profoundly. At T. Lewis's, about fifty- 
four miles from Charleston, he had the satisfaction of meeting a 
landlord, who, he wrote, had freed ten negroes, several of 
whom cost fifty guineas apiece, he and his Avife being united in 
this, and saying they never had peace till it was done ; whether 
the act was in any degree the result of his own intercession, he 
does not tell us ; but if so, his modest silence Avas quite char- 
acteristic. Seeing between thirty and forty negroes, some of 
them lame and decrepit, travelling to Ashley bridge to be sold 
for what they would fetch, he thus apostrophizes : " Certainly 
there is a righteous and omniscient Judge who commiserates 
the poor and oppressed, and takes cognizance of the actions of 
the hard-hearted and merciless oppressors, and by terrible 
things in righteousness will sooner or later plead the cause of 
the afflicted " ; a premonition of the horrors of the Civil War 
which, seventy years later, shook the fabric of the Republic from 
turret to foundation stone, and deluged the land with blood. 

Near Savannah he lodged at the house of one Blunt, who 
ordered his negro boy to be " flogged " because in going for his 
cows he had, through weariness, fallen asleep. Inquiring what 
this meant, Blunt told him it was the custom to cut the slave's 
back with a lash until it was raw, and then to salt it. Incredu- 
lous at this, he was informed by the landlord, " with many 
curses on the blacks," that it was true. He remarks in his 
journal that the blessing which this inhuman person craved be- 
fore his meat must have been as abhorrent to the Divine Being 
as his curses. The next morning, hearing cries for mercy, he 
sought their source, and found the poor boy tied up and receiv- 

* I am informed there was a Friend of note in Cork, named Daniel Savory, early 
in the last century, whose letters to a prominent citizen of Philadelphia are in the 
library of the Pennsylvania Historical Society. 



150 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.. 

ing his castigation, already terribly lacerated. Stepping in 
between the victim and his scourger, he ordered the boy un- 
bound, a request which was promptly complied with ; after 
which he rebuked the landlord unsparingly, so angering the by- 
standers that one of them suggested that he should be " popped 
off " ; and he left the place with his companions in anxious dread 
of being followed and attacked. During his journey that day 
lie was depressed by " heaviness and sad reflections," and in the 
bitterness of his soul exclaimed, " Oh, Christianity and human- 
ity, how are ye disgraced! where will all this end?" He 
visited North Carolina the same year, and in 1792 went to Vir- 
inia, and during these and all his other tours felt more and more 
the comfort and aid of the divine help and the assurance of 
abundant success in his labors, as he sowed the seed of the gospel, 
leaving the great Husbandman to reap the final harvest of souls. 
From the beginning of the colonization of Pennsylvania by 
the followers of Penn, the aboriginal tribes noticed and were 
touched by their pacific principles, and the justice and equity 
of their conduct towards them and each other, and their savage 
natures were softened into a disposition of kindness and amity 
towards these newcomers. This, in turn, met with appreciation 
and lasting gratitude on their part towards the Indians, whose 
true interests they ever faithfully strove to promote ; and 
William Savery Avas the originator of a special movement in 
the Society for the relief of the aborigines in Pennsylvania and 
New York, who suffered from the encroachment of the whites 
upon their lands. In the negotiation of treaties between the 
government and the savage tribes, the latter generally desired 
the presence of Friends as advisers, and as a guarantee that 
some measure of justice would be meted to them by their 
more powerful and mentally equipped antagonists ; while, on 
the other hand, the government was only too glad on critical 
occasions to have the benefit of able and influential Friends as 
mediators and auxiliaries ; and William Savery was engaged on 
two very important missions of this nature. In December, 



WILLIAM S A VERY. 151 

1792, the societies at Philadelphia addressed an urgent memo- 
rial to President Washington on the duty of taking prompt 
and just measures to terminate the Indian wars by which the 
border land of Western civilization was then being desolated ; 
and as a conference with a vieAv to a treaty of peace was about 
to be held at Sandusky, now in Ohio, he, with John Parish, 
Jacob Lindley, and four others, were, with Washington's express 
sanction, despatched to the scene, bearing a lengthy and touch- 
ing address, invoking the ties of hereditary amity, and the 
principles of brotherly love on behalf of the object of their mis- 
sion. He and Lindley and two others having first discussed 
the matter with President Washington, they set out in May, 

1793, on a journey which proved to be one of extreme peril 
and hardship ; never neglecting, however, to minister to the 
religious edification of all whom they met with on the way, 
as well as to the officers and men of the United States Army, 
under Gen. Lincoln, whose companions they more immedi- 
ately were, and who welcomed their kindly and pious offices 
with respect and appreciation. Crossing the border, they were 
equally well received by the officers and garrisons at British 
posts, and secured passes from Governor Simcoe to go on to 
Detroit by the first king's vessel from Fort Erie. He found 
the land between Fort Erie and Niagara " generally rich " and 
fast being settled by people mostly from the United States, and 
a greater number of members of the Society of Friends than he 
expected. Among the numerous religious meetings held by 
him and his companions in this tour was the first Friends' 
meeting ever held in Detroit. At Detroit the appearance of 
the savages dancing their war dance in more revolting and 
horrid paint and dress (or rather undress) than he had ever yet 
seen, and clamoring for fire water, elicited the reflection: 
" Sorrowful indeed it is that such is the depravity of many 
under the dignified name of Christians, whose conduct towards 
these poor creatures ought to have been marked with a pacific 
desire of inspiring them with the mild and blessed doctrines of 



152 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

the gospel, that they are, alas, taking delight in encouraging 
them to this exercise, and stimulating them with potations of 
strong liquor until they become frantic." He expresses his 
conviction that much might be done Avith those poor people by 
pei-suasion, and kindliness and honest dealing, and but very 
little by compulsion or harsh and repellent measures ; a policy 
which we in Canada have tested and found to be sound and 
satisfactory, and which, if it had always been pursued by the 
government of the United States and its officials, might have 
spared Mrs. Helen Hunt Jackson the occasion of her sad arid 
thrilling record of " A Century of Dishonor." But of late years 
a more humane and distinctively Christian treatment has been 
accorded to the Indian wards of the nation, which has had a 
reflex beneficial effect in many ways.* 

Referring to the barbarities of Indian warfare and the horrors 
of Avar in general, he exclaims : " Oh, ye professors of the benign 
and heavenly doctrines of the gospel, that breathes nothing but 
peace and good-Avill to men, IIOAV Avill ye appear in the aAvful 
day of retribution, when your divine Master shall come to 
judge the world in righteousness, if any of you have been pro- 
moters of the great desolation, Avretchedness, and misery which 
mark the footsteps of Avar! " Here he relates that an old 
Indian, who had visited the place some time previously, being 
asked about the region farther Avest, referred to his sons, Avho 
had travelled much, as an authority for its enormous extent 
and other marvellous features ; and being pressed as to whether 
his sons did not tell lies, " Lies ! " said he, in amazement, 
" why, they have never yet seen a European ! " While here, 
he ascertained that furs Avere brought from regions farther 
to the northwest than he ever imagined, and observes very 
impressively that a vast country remained yet unsettled in the 
British territories, including immense tracts of most excellent 
land, which might in time become an " extensive empire " ; a 
prediction which the closing years of another century are seeing 

* Among the officers with Gen. Grant at the surrender of Gen. Lee was a full- 
blooded Indian, Col. (afterwards Gen.) Ely S. Parker, a member of Grant's staff. 



WILLIAM SAVERY. 153 

rapidly fulfilled. His humble namesake, and probably remote 
kinsman, the compiler of this sketch, three quarters of a cen- 
tury after this prediction was uttered, had the honor of contrib- 
uting a mite towards its fulfilment by actively supporting in a 
United British American Parliament measures to subject this 
remote and still undeveloped region to the electric touch of 
British civilization, to supply its howling wastes and desolate 
prairies with Christian homes, and to span it with a railway 
which is the grandest national highway, and in many respects 
the greatest product of engineering skill in the world ; a work 
which realizes as nothing else can do the dream of Columbus, 
affording as it does the shortest route from Europe to the re- 
mote East by a westward journey. We are developing this 
" extensive empire," not in a spirit of hostility to our neighbors on 
the southern side of the boundary, but of generous rivalry with 
them in the arts of peace and the moral and material progress 
of mankind. Let the American people pray for our success, as 
we rejoice in theirs. 

.Returning to Sandusky, the scene of the negotiations, pro- 
posals were made and considered on both sides, and a serious 
obstacle was presented by the demand of the Indians that the 
whites should relinquish all their settlements west of the Ohio 
and the Americans having ansAvered .this, it was suggested that 
the Friends should accompany the chiefs to the grand council, 
where the answer was to be considered, and William Savery was 
" resigned to go " ; but on further deliberation the adventure was 
deemed too hazardous. Soon afterwards he was prostrated with 
a severe attack of fever and chills, induced by the climate and 
exposure, which nearly proved fatal. The main object of the 
mission failed ; no treaty of peace was reached, and he and his 
party returned by a route down the Niagara and St. Lawrence 
Rivers to Montreal, thence across New York State to Albany, 
down to New York City, and thence home, where he arrived in 
a very weak condition of health. Their report to the Society 
referred specially to the kindness and appreciation shown 



154 THE SAYEEY FAMILIES. 

towards them by the Shawhee, Wyandott, and Delaware tribes, 
some of whom had travelled sixty miles to see the descendants . 
of the men whose just and honorable treatment of their fore- 
fathers was still held in grateful remembrance, a sentiment 
which we are not in the habit of ascribing to the savage mind ; 
and yet similar instances are not wanting, when an historian 
pauses to do some little justice to a people who have had no 
chroniclers of their own, but whose characters have always been 
painted by their enemies. Hannay, in his history of Acadia, 
relates that after their capture of York, Me., in 1692, they 
allowed several aged women and a number of children to retire 
to the garrisoned towns to reward the English for sparing the 
lives of the wives of two sagamores, their children, and two or 
three old squaws, by Capt. Church, at Pejebscot a year and 
a half before, although Church massacred all the rest of the 
women and children in cold blood. A Massachusetts officer, 
in one of the Indian wars, reports having made prisoner of a 
squaw, and after getting valuable information from her, order- 
ing her to be torn to pieces by dogs, and that she was " soe 
dealt withal." * Although their methods of warfare, like those 
of all uncivilized and unchristian races, were dreadfully cruel, 
they were alive to sentiments of honor and gratitude, while 
their white enemies, our common forefathers, rivalled them in 
the ferocity of their reprisals, and were too ready to break 
faith with them in peace or war. 

Again in 17 9-t, at the request of the Indians, and with the 
cordial acquiescence of the government, the Society concluded to 
send a delegation to assist Col. Pickering, as American com- 
missioner, in negotiating a treaty with the Six Nation Indians 
at Canandaigua in the State of New York, and William Savery, 

* Thus Capt. Moseley reports in his letter to the governor under date Hatfield, 10th 
October, 1675, mentioning the sentence and its execution in a postscript as if it were a 
matter of courne, and without any hint that the woman had been guilty of any offence to 
justify such a cruel retribution. See Boston Historical and Genealogical Register," 
Vol. XXXVII., p. 180. When King Philip's War broke out, the "praying Indians," as 
those converted to Christianity were called, were arrested, chained two and two, and 
torn from their homes, from a mere suspicion that they might join the enemy, to the 
horror and dismay of the Eliots and Tuppers who had preached the Cross among them . 






WILLIAM S A VERY. 155 

with David Bacon, John Fairish and James Emlen, volunteered 
for the service, leaving Philadelphia, Sept. 15, 1794. Again 
he suffered much from the hardships and privations of the 
journey, but his zeal and determination overcame all difficulties. 
They ministered as they went unremittingly in public and pri- 
vate, and joined Col. Pickering in time to take part in all the 
negotiations. 

Near this place he met some followers of Jemima Wilkinson, 
who was bred a Quaker, and who having when a young woman 
revived after apparently dying from a fever, declared that she 
had been raised from death to life, pretended to work miracles, 
and founded a sect (now extinct) which built up in Yates 
County, New York, a town called Jerusalem. Among her fol- 
lowers was one Judge Potter, who entertained William Savery 
and his companions hospitably, and from whom he was glad to 
learn that he had seen his error, and left the sect. He 
sought and obtained an interview with Jemima herself, find- 
ing in her household a consumptive man who had brought in 
so much of his property that his family was left destitute, upon 
which he exclaims, " Oh, wretched infatuation ! that can 
break the most solemn ties of God and nature, and yet natter 
its votaries that they are the favorites of heaven." At one 
religious meeting there were present a good many Indians who 
had received some instructions in Christianity from missionaries, 
and desired to open the worship by singing some psalms and 
hymns, a wish that he deemed it advisable under the circum- 
stances to accede to, on which he remarked that the melody and 
softness of their voices in the Indian language, and the sweet- 
ness and harmony that attended it, exceeded by far anything of 
the kind he had ever heard among white people, and that there 
in the woods the satisfaction of hearing these poor untutored 
people sing, with every appearance of devotion, their Maker's 
praise, and the serious attention to the word delivered to them, 
conspired to make it a most solemn meeting, long to be remem- 
bered by him. But his impression wais that the great body of 



156 THE SAVEBY FAMILIES. 

the Oneidas had received the religion of Christ in word only 
but not in power. I will here digress to observe that the Iroquois 
or Five Nations, consisting of the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the 
Onandagoes, the Cayugas, and the Senecas, were re-enforced in 
1715 by the Tuscaroras, a kindred tribe, who had been sepa- 
rated from them by the chances of war, but being driven out of 
their homes in North Carolina, sought and obtained a confed- 
eracy with the Iroquois; and in 1784, mainly through the 
intervention of a chief, Joseph Brandt (Thayendenega), sup- 
ported by Governor Haldimand, those of the Six Nations who 
had espoused the British cause during the Revolution sought 
and obtained a grant of the district on the Grand River (now 
in the county of Brandt, Ontario), which they have ever since 
occupied in peace and prosperity, interrupted only by the 
War of 1812. The British general, Sir Win. Johnson, after 
the death of his wife, espoused Mary Brandt, Joseph's sister, 
and she bore him several children. About five or six 
years ago Chief John Henry Martin Johnson, a descend- 
ant of Sir William, and a son of Chief John Smoke 
Johnson, died on this reservation, leaving a very honorable 
memory. The community has produced citizens who have won 
fair distinction in every walk of life. Several Christian 
ministers, and one eminent doctor and social reformer, and 
more than one prominent and wealthy manufacturer of pure 
aboriginal blood, have issued from it, living contradictions to 
the trite saying accepted by so many as true, that there is " no 
good Indian but a dead Indian." Miss E. Pauline Johnson, 
two of whose poetical compositions are comprised in the " Songs 
of the Great Dominion," edited by Mr. W. D. Lightall, M. A., 
of Montreal, and by an eminent critic pronounced the great- 
est living poetess, is a daughter of the late head chief, 
G. M. H. Johnson. Her mother was a daughter of Mr. Henry 
Howells, of Bristol, England, a kinsman of Mr. W. D. Howells, 
the novelist. One of her brothers is cashier of the New York 
Life Assurance Company, in the Dominion of Canada, and 



WILLIAM SAVERY. 157 

another holds a mercantile position in Hamilton. The Six 
Nations settled on Grand River were computed in 1785 to 
number about five hundred souls. They were re-enforced by 
some of their kin from the United States, and now number 
about .four thousand. They enjoy the Dominion franchise, are 
ministered to by a Church of England clergyman, and cer- 
tainly show no prospect of being " civilized off the face of the 
earth," nor do their fairer complexioned fellow-subjects evince 
any desire to submit them to that etherealizing process, the fate 
of so many of their brethren on the southern side of the border. 
The Friends were as before bearers of credentials from the 
Society, in the shape of a fraternal and affectionate address to 
the Indians, and immediately after their arrival Col. Pick- 
ering called on them and took William Savery and David 
Bacon with him to the camp of the Oneidas ; conference after 
conference, council after council, was held ; the Indian chiefs 
visiting the Friends in their tent to discuss with them every 
important communication. On Tuesday, Oct. 21, a more 
formal conference than any preceding one took place, at which 
Ool. Pickering introduced himself as sole commissioner on 
behalf of the United States, and their friends the Quakers, who, 
he told them, had come at their request ; and the address from 
the Society at Philadelphia was read to them, and interpreted 
by John Parrish. On one occasion some Indian women 
requested and were granted leave to speak through one of the 
chiefs as their orator, and said that the white people had been 
the cause of all the Indians' distresses ; that the whites f had 
pressed and squeezed them together until it gave them great 
pain at their hearts ; and that the whites ought to give them 
back the lands they had taken from them ; that a white woman 
the day before (Jemima Wilkinson, who had foisted herself 
upon the council, against Col. Pickering's wish) had told the 
Indians to repent, and they now in turn called on the white 
people to repent, for they had as much need as the Indians, and 
that they should wrong the Indians no more. At another con- 



158 THE SAVER* FAMILIES. 

ference the Indians said that when the white people came to the 
country and had no land to subsist on, they had given them 
land out of compassion ; that afterward they were called on for 
more, and gave it for the sake of peace, until war arose between 
them and their great king across the ocean, which involved the 
Indians in troubles not of their own making, but the fault of 
the whites. About the 25th, a man named Johnson, no doubt a 
descendant of Sir William by his Mohawk wife, and thus a 
nephew of Brandt, and an ancestor of the poetess, came with a 
message from Brandt, the Mohawk chief, to those of the Six 
Nations who \vere there assembled, and acting, as William 
Savery says in his journal, as a " British interpreter." On 
observing Col. Pickering's displeasure at his presence, one of 
the chiefs expressed surprise that since the peace with the 
British nation the Americans and the British could not bear to 
sit side by side in any treaty with the Indians. Col. Picker- 
ing, however, denounced Johnson as a British spy, and his 
presence there as a fresh proof of " British insolence," and he 
was compelled to leave, after which the chief declared that 
what they had been told at a previous treaty, that the treaty 
between Great Britain and America had been agreed on in the 
presence of the Great Spirit and under his influence, and that 
it was 1 a " good peace," must be false ; that they had requested 
Johnson to be present, and in consenting to his departure must 
insist on provisions being supplied him for his journey. 

At a grand council on the 28th, William Savery read Col. 
Pickering's commission, and the American proposals were fully 
opened up. On the 31st, several chiefs waited on the Friends 
in their tent and presented to them an address, in which the 
following passage occurred : " You all know the proposals that 
have been made by the commissioner and the offers made by us 
to him. We are all now in the presence of the Great Spirit, 
and we place more confidence in you than in any other people. 
As you rxpivss your desire for peace, we now desire your help 
and assistance; we hope you will not deceive us, for if you 



WILLIAM SAYERY. 159 

should do so we shall no more place any confidence in man- 
kind." It is no wonder that William Savery and his compan- 
ions were deeply touched by such an appeal from those sim- 
ple children of the forest, and found it a " delicate and weighty 
matter " to answer some of their requests. It is quite evident 
that without their aid, no treaty could have been accomplished. 
When at length articles were agreed on, and were finally sub- 
mitted to the assembled chiefs, William Savery was required by 
them to hold in his hand a duplicate, and follow it while the 
commissioner read aloud, so that he could assure them it was a 
verbatim copy. Even after this they pressed him and his com- 
panions for an assurance that they had not been duped, or 
unfairly dealt with. When the articles were at length signed, 
the chiefs again visited them, and in an earnest and pathetic 
address besought them also to sign the treaty, as a guarantee 
of its fairness and good faith, and Col. Pickering was very 
desirous that they should do so ; but in the words of their 
report to the Society, " as the articles confirmed the right of 
the United States to large tracts of land which had been ob- 
tained by conquest, without making what Friends deemed an 
adequate and just compensation for it, they could not consent 
to the requests so frequently made to sign the treaty." As 
before, he reached home much broken in health by the hard- 
ships of the journey ; nevertheless, after a short rest, he set 
out to attend the yearly meeting in Virginia, and some of the 
meetings composing it, holding meetings for worship and exhor- 
tation, continually, going and returning. 

In the year 1796 he felt constrained by the monitions of the 
Spirit to embark for Europe, leaving on May 18, in company 
with " several ministers," viz., Samuel Emlen, Deborah Darby. 
Rebecca Young, Sarah Talbot, and Phoebe Speakman. He 
reached Liverpool on Sunday, June 19, 1796, and immediately 
proceeded to hold meetings in that city, in Manchester, and in 
London, and procured from the American minister a pass to the 
Continent, Here he speaks of part-ing from his ^ friend*. 



1(50 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

Joseph Savory and family, of London." Reaching Oldenburg, 
Germany, on the 7th of August, they were very courteously 
received by the secretary of the governor, Prince Etienne. 
Everywhere he sought out " separatist " societies and isolated 
communities of religious people, groping after spiritual truths, 
and yearning after religious light amidst surroundings of indif- 
ference or formalism, and consoled and ministered to, com- 
forted and advised them, as their several circumstances re- 
quired or permitted ; and if I had space it would be interesting 
to speak of the different notable religious characters whom 
he encountered. 

At Altona he preached in German for the first time, and 
interpreted an English address by one of his companions. The 
objective point of this part of the journey was Pyrmont, where 
there had long existed a large body of Friends. Here he 
stayed some time, strengthening the Society, and healing its 
divisions. Here also he notes the murmurs of surprise by the 
people at seeing him and his companions keep their hats on in 
the presence of the governor, who had invited them to an 
interview, and received them with great courtesy. At Bruns- 
wick he sought an interview with the duke, the father of 
44 Brunswick's fated chieftain," * himself a great general, who 
was killed at Auerstiidt in 1806. He failed to find him at 
home, but was graciously listened to by the duchess, to whom 
he delivered Penn's 44 No Cross, no Crown," and she thanked 
him for the book and his exhortation. At Helmstead he waited 
on the learned Professor Beireis, and gave him Barclay's 
44 Apology," and being informed by him that there were no 
separatists in the town, moved on, finding more kindred spirits 
in Magdeburg, but on the way towards Berlin experienced the 
mortification of having some of the books they had left at 
Magdeburg returned, the donee not being satisfied with the 
rejection of the sacraments, and certain other doctrines taught 
in them. At Berlin he stayed some time, and met many sym- 

* Byron's "Childe Harold," Canto Hi., v. 23. 



WILLIAM S A VERY. 161 

pathizers, among whom were some men of note, especially a 
Major Marconnay, who had served under the king with distinc- 
tion, but, impressed by religious considerations, had resigned 
his offices, and was living a retired life. This gentleman 
attended one of his meetings, and afterwards called on him and 
his companions with the gratifying information that he had 
through them found the truth that he was so long seeking 
for under many professors, and that he believed they had 
been sent there in the will of God, for the benefit and 
blessing of himself and others. He failed, however, to get 
an audience of the king, which distressed him much ; and a 
letter afterwards received from Major Marconnay, informing 
him that he had secured an audience for him for the day after 
he had left, intensified his regret that he had left so soon. 

After further travels and labors and meetings in Germany, 
he passed on to Holland, and held meetings in various parts 
of that country, and then proceeded to France. At Paris, while 
getting their passes indorsed by the proper official, they were 
ordered to take off their hats ; but on its being explained that 
they had " religious scruples " against such an act of obeisance 
to a mere fellow-man, this refusal to do so was excused. Here he 
and his friends had a discussion with Tom Paine, the infidel 
author of " The Age of Reason." He says that Paris " contains 
almost everything to gratify the eyes of the curious, the desires 
of the voluptuous, the talents of the learned, and the dissipa- 
tion of the gay and fashionable world ; but has little to satisfy 
the soul longing after celestial riches." After travelling 
through the South of France with many interesting vicissitudes 
and incidents, he returned to Paris, and on the way to Dun- 
kirk was hospitably entertained by one Christopher Potter, who 
lived on part of the estate formerly owned by the Prince de 
Conde'. He now computed the number of miles he had trav- 
elled in France at fourteen hundred. 

On the 16th May, 1797, he landed at Gravesend, and renewed 
his labors in the South and West of England, crossing over to 



1(32 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

the Channel Islands ; returning, he visited Liverpool, Chester, 
York, and the Isle of Man, where he was treated with special 
respect and hospitality by the lieutenant-governor of the 
island, and thence resumed his travels on the mainland, and 
in Scotland, holding large and, as a rule, satisfactory meetings 
everywhere. Thence he went to Ireland, and after diligent and 
interesting labor in the " Island of the Saints," he crossed over 
to Wales. At Bath he sought and obtained an interview with 
the celebrated Hannah More, and was introduced by her to 
William Wilberforce. Arriving at London, he was affection- 
ately received by his " beloved friends, J. Savory and others," 
and proceeded to Norwich, where his visit was one of the most 
important and eventful of his life, for it was on that occasion 
that he made the acquaintance of the Gurneys, the family of 
which Elizabeth, afterwards Mrs. Elizabeth Fry, the renowned 
prison philanthropist, was a member. Not one word does he 
say in his journal of his intercourse with this family, no doubt 
all unconscious, or, at least, utterly without prescience of the 
far-reaching results of an influence which gave its bent to the 
career of one of the most remarkable English women of modern 
times. On the other hand, all her biographers, especially her 
daughter, Mrs. Cresswell, place the figure of William Savery 
conspicuously in the foreground of the grand and interesting 
picture of her life. He alludes to Norwich and the Friends 
there, under date Feb. 4, 1798, as follows : " Attended their 
meeting; there were about two hundred under our name 
very few middles-aged or young persons who had a consistent 
appearance in their dress; indeed, I thought it the gayes 
meeting of Friends I ever sat in, and was grieved to see il 
I expected to pass the meeting in silent suffering, but at lengl 
believed it most for my peace to express a little, and througl 
gracious condescension was favored to relieve my mind, an< 
many were tendered. Had a meeting in the evening in a lar 
meeting-house in another part of the town. There seems to be but 
few upright standard bearers left among the members in this place, 






WILLIAM S A VERY. 163 

yet they are not entirely removed. Attended the public meet- 
ing, and the house, though very large, could not contain the 
people by several hundreds ; but considering their crowded 
situation, many being obliged to stand, they soon became settled, 
and through mercy it proved a remarkably open, satisfactory meet- 
ing, ending in prayers and praise to the author of every bless- 
ing. The marks of wealth and grandeur are too obvious in several 
families of Friends in this place, which made me sorrowful, yet 
saw but little opening to relieve my mind; several of the 
younger branches, though they are enabled by divine grace to 
see what the truth leads to, yet it is uncertain whether, with all 
the alluring things of this world around them, they will choose 
the simple safe path of self-denial." Like the Saverys, the 
Gurneys were of Norman extraction, the name being derived 
from Gournay de Brai, in Normandy, the Norman lords of 
which held fiefs in England as early as the days of William 
Rufus. The Norwich branch lived at Earlham, a family seat, 
and were high up among the local gentry, and although pro- 
fessing the principles of the Friends, like a larger proportion 
to-day, they did not strictly live up to the austere rules of the 
Society, conforming more to the fashions of the world, and par- 
taking more of its enjoyments and mingling more in its gayeties- 
than was then deemed consistent with their profession. By the 
death of her mother, Elizabeth and her six sisters were left 
under the care of their father, whose occupations, public and 
private, were engrossing. But the elder ones were judicious 
and discreet, although not devout, according to the standard of 
the Friends, and all were rich in talent, lively and original, 
possessing a peculiar freshness of character with singular purity 
of purpose and warmth of affection. " For a time," says her 
daughter, " they were permitted to stumble on the dark moun- 
tains, seeking rest and finding none. To the gayeties of the 
world as we understand them, they were but little disposed." 
Mr. Gurney had no objection to music, although neither music 
nor dancing was allowed by the Friends, yet they were gifted 



164 THE SAVEKY FAMILIES. 

with music, and under the influence of natural hilarity, they 
often danced together. The thrilling pathos of their native 
warblings, especially the duets of Rachel and Elizabeth, was 
long remembered. In all these enjoyments no one entered with 
more zest than Elizabeth. She was also an excellent horse- 
woman, and rode fearlessly. But during all these days she 
was evidently struggling after more spiritual light and a higher 
spiritual life, occasionally troubled by a tendency to scepticism, 
or wavering in response to the attractions of fashionable life, 
for which her lively disposition and great personal charms and 
accomplishments so eminently fitted her. 

At an age when a graver form of rebuke might have repelled 
her, a gentleman of high principle formed a strong and ardent 
friendship for her and her sisters, and discussed the grand 
truths of Christianity with them in the most judicious manner, 
never, although a Roman Catholic, touching on any contro- 
verted topic. Another Christian consoler and guide appeared 
later in the person of Marianne Galton, afterwards Mrs. 
Schimmelpenninck.* And there were other associates from 
whom all the sisters derived more or less benefit. In January, 
1797, she writes in her journal: " My mind is in so dark a state 
that I see everything through a black medium." In April she 
writes : " Why do I so much wish for the Prince to come ? 
[H. R. H. William Frederic, afterwards Duke of Gloucester, 
then quartered with his regiment at Norwich.] Pride, alas, is 
the cause. 29th, I met the Prince ; it showed me the folly oi 
the world ; my mind feels very flat after the storm of pleasure.' 
I now quote from her biographer her own account of the meet- 
ing, the description of which in Savery's journal I have given 
above: " It was on the 4th of February, 1798, that William 
Savery, an American Friend, who had come to England on 
religious visit (as it is termed in the language of Friends) 
in the course of his travels arrived at Norwich. He appears 
to have been sound in the Christian faith, and to have laid du< 

* Authoress of Select Memoirs of Port Royal," etc. 



WILLIAM SAVERY. 165 

stress on the great doctrines of the atonement. He was a 
strict Friend, earnest in urging a faithful obedience to the 
immediate guidings of the spirit of God, yet careful lest from 
any want of watchfulness and humility the youthful mind 
should be led into error." Elizabeth's sister Richenda thus 
describes this eventful day : " On that day we seven sisters sat 
as usual in a row, under the gallery, at meeting. I sat by 
Betsey ; William Savery was there ; we liked to have yearly 
meeting Friends to preach it was a little change. Betsey 
was generally rather restless at meeting, and on this day I 
remember her very smart boots were a great amusement to me ; 
they were purple, laced with scarlet. At last William Savery 
began to preach. His voice and manner were arresting, and 
we all liked the sound : her attention became fixed, at last I saw 
her begin to weep, and she became a good deal agitated. As 
soon as meeting was over, I have a remembrance of her making 
her way to the men's side of the meeting, and having found my 
father she begged him if she might dine with William Savery 
at the Grove (the residence of her uncle, Joseph Gurney), to 
which he soon consented, though rather surprised by the re- 
quest ; we went home as usual, and, for a wonder, we wished 
to go again in the afternoon. I have not the same clear remem- 
brance of this meeting, but the next scene that has fastened 
itself on my memory is our return home in the carriage. 
Betsey sat in the middle, and astonished us all by the feeling 
she showed. She wept most of the way home. The next 
morning, William Savery came to breakfast, and preached to 
our dear sister after breakfast, prophesying of the high and im- 
portant calling she would be led into. What she went through 
in her own mind, I cannot say, but the results were most pow- 
erful and most evident. From that day her love of pleasure 
and of the world was gone." The impression on Elizabeth's 
mind her own journal portrays : 

" SUNDAY, Feb. 4, 1798. This morning I went to meeting, though but 
poorly, because I wished to hear an American Friend, named William Sa- 



THE SAVEBY FAMILIES. 

very. Much passed there of a very interesting nature. I have had a faint 
light spread over my mind ; at least, I believe it is something of that kind, 
owing to having been much with and having heard much excellence from 
one who appears to me to be a true Christian. It has caused me to feel a 
little religion. My imagination has been worked upon,, and I fear that all 
I have felt will go off. I fear it now, though at first I was frightened that 
a plain Quaker should have made so deep an impression upon me ; but how 
truly prejudiced hi me to think that because good came from a Quaker, I 
should be led away by enthusiasm and folly. But I hope I am now free from 
such fears. I wish the state of enthusiasm I am now in may last, for 
to-day I have felt that there is a God. I have been devotional, and my mind 
has been led away from the follies that it is mostly wrapped up in. We had 
much serious conversation ; in short, what he said and what I felt was like 
a refreshing shower, falling upon earth that has been dried up for ages. 

" SUNDAY, 11. It is very different to this day week (a day never to be for- 
gotten while memory lasts) .... To-day I have felt all my old irreligious 
feelings. My object shall be to search, try to do right, and if I am mis- 
taken, it is not my fault, but the state I am now T in makes it difficult to 
act. What little religion 1 have felt has been owing to my giving away 
quietly and humbly to my feelings : but the more I reason upon it, the 
more I get into a labyrinth of uncertainty, nd my mind is so much inclined 
to both scepticism and enthusiasm, that if I argue and doubt, I shall be a 
total sceptic ; if, on the contrary, I give way to it, and, as it were, wait for 
religion, 1 may be led away. But I hope that will not be the case ; at all 
events, religion, true and uncorrupted, is of all comforts the greatest ; it is 
the first stimulus to virtue ; it is a support under every affliction. I am sure 
it is better to be so in an enthusiastic w r ay than not to be so at all, for it is 
a delighful enthusiasm/' 

Immediately after this, with the consent of her father, she 
visited London, that she might become acquainted for herself 
with those amusements and fascinations that the world offers 
to its votaries, that she might have the opportunity of " trying 
all things, and choosing that which seemed to be good." 
Thirty years afterwards, in July, 1828, she thus writes of this 
eventful period of her life : 

" Here ended this important and interesting visit to London, where I 
learned much and had much to digest. I saw and entered various scenes 
of gayety, many of our first public places, attended balls and other places 
of amusement. I saw many interesting characters in the world ; some of 
considerable eminence in that day. I was also cast among a great variety 
of persons of different descriptions. I had the high advantage of attending 
several most interesting meetings of William Savery, and having at times 



WILLIAM S A VERY. 167 

his company and that of a few other Friends. It was like the casting die 
in my life ; however, I believe it was in the ordering of Providence for me, 
and that the lessons then learned are to this day valuable to me." 

Then follows in detail an account of her spiritual experi- 
ences and convictions as to religion and the world, derived from 
William Savery's preaching and teaching. 

The following letter she received immediately on her arrival 
home : 

WILLIAM SAVERY TO ELIZABETH GURXEY. 

13TH FOURTH MONTH, 1798. 
DEAR FRIEND : 

As I left thee unwell, and without having it in my power to take thee 
affectionately by the hand, as I was much inclined to do, it gave me great 
pleasure to receive thy kind letter, which brings no complaint of thy present 
want of health; for I assure thee, I feel interested in thy welfare and 
happiness every way. My attachment has not been more cordial or agree- 
able to any young Friend in England, and my heart leaped with joy to find 
thou art willing to acknowledge a state of hunger and thirst after righteous- 
ness, which, if thou cherish and dwell in, thou never need to doubt, my dear 
friend, will eventually be crowned with the enjoyment of the heavenly 
promise, " thou shalt be filled." Thou art favoured with amiable and 
benevolent dispositions, which I hope thou hast wisely determined shall 
1 not be eclipsed by a conformity to the god of this world, nor enslaved by 
its rudiments and maxims, its philosophy and vain deceit, but rather with 
a holy magnanimity, regardless of the world's dread laugh, thou wilt 
resolve to implore the Omnipotent hand that formed thee for Glory, 
Immortality, and Eternal Life, to finish the glorious work he has begun, 
by creating thee anew in Christ Jesus unto every good word and work ; 
bringing thee under the dominion of His own power and spirit, the fruit 
of which is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 
meekness, temperance. 

I know, my dear, thou hast and wilt have many temptations to combat 
with ; thou will doubtless be frequently importuned to continue with thy 
gay acquaintances, in pursuit of that unsubstantial and false glare of 
happiness which the world, in too bewitching and deceitful colors, holds 
out to the poor, young, unwary traveller, which, if he be ensnared with, 
most certainly ends in blinding the intellectual eye from discerning the 
uncontaminated source of soul-felt pleasure, resulting from a humble 
heart at peace with its God, its neighbor, and itself. Thou askest my 
advice, my dear friend, and without any premeditation when I sat down, 1 
find I have been attempting it ; but it is very evident thou art under the 
especial care of an infinitely better instructor, who has already uttered His 



THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

soft and heavenly voice, to teach thee that the first step toward religion is 
true humility ; because in that state only we can feel the need we have of 
an arm stronger than human to lean upon, to lead us out of and keep us 
from polluting things, which hinder our access to, and confidence in that 
boundless source of purity, love, and mercy ; who amidst all the vicissi- 
tudes of time, is disposed to be our invincible Shepherd, Guardian, and 
Friend, in whom we may trust, and never be afraid; but this blessed 
confidence is not, cannot be enjoyed by the gay, the giddy, proud, or 
abandoned votaries of this world. 

It is the peculiar privilege of those who are sincerely endeavoring to 
wash* their hands in iunocency, that they may compass the altar of God 
availiugly. I have experienced what it is to be under the imperious and 
slavish dominion of my own uncontrolled passions; and I know that 
such a state is abundantly mixed with the wormwood and the gall, and I 
have been, through adorable mercy, convinced there is an infinitely more 
happy one to be attained, even in this life ; an enjoyment, under the per- 
fect law of liberty, of that serene state of mind wherein there is no 
condemnation, as Paul speaks, the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus, 
setting the soul free from the law of sin and death. I do not pretend, my 
dear friend, to boast myself as having attained such an uninterrupted state, 
yet the transient foretaste which we partake of, in proportion to our 
obedience to revealed duty, is enough to inspire the soul of every Christian 
soldier so to run, through God's mercy and grace, that we may obtain the 
full and complete enjoyment of it. There are many formal professors of 
religion, who think to obtain peace with God by a critical exactness, and 
even rigid austerity in outward observances, and outside formalities, as 
well as many who from constitution or habit are always exhibiting the 
dark and gloomy side of religion, not having, in my humble opinion, their 
minds sufficiently expanded by just conceptions of the adorable love and 
mercy of God ; and both of these spread a discouraging report of the 
good land, or of the way which our Heavenly Father has appointed for us 
to obtain possession of it. I speak only my own experience, dear Elizabeth, 
when I say, that whenever I have found my way more than usually strewn 
with thorns, I have generally discovered, on a deep scrutiny of my heart, 
it has been the fruit of some open or secret departure from the paths of 
obedience and virtue, so that I am confirmed it is in our own ways we are 
corrected ; but the ways of the Lord are ways of pleasantness, and all 
his paths are peace. I know very well that the most virtuous, being 
children of frail humanity, and this world not designed to be the place of 
their undisturbed rest, but a school of discipline, to prepare them for a 
better, are subject to afflictions as well as others ; still there is this differ- 
ence in the midst of them all, that while the votary of this world is 
overwhelmed with murmuring and repining, and agitated with sorrow 
which worketh death under the afflictive dispensation, that all more or 
ess, in the wisdom of Providence for our good, must pass through in this 
life, yet the humble Christians, believing that even afflictions from His 



WILLIAM SAVERY. 169' 

sovereign hands are mercies in disguise, and that all things shall work 
eventually for good to them that love and fear Him, are strengthened, 
through the Lord's love and mercy to say, " The cup that my Heavenly 
Father hath blessed, shall I not drink it? " for our light affliction, which is 
but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight 
of glory, while we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things 
which are not seen, for the things which are seen are temporal, but the 
things which are not seen are eternal. On the other hand, the temporal 
enjoyments of this life being sanctified to us by the hand that gave them, 
and the world used without abusing it, the pe<ice, comfort, and rational 
enjoyment of them is doubly tasted by the religious and grateful soul. My 
dear child, my heart is full towards thee. I have written a great deal more 
than I expected ; but I fain would take thee by the hand, if I were quali- 
fied so to do, and ascend, as our Heavenly Father may enable us, together, 
step by step, up that ladder which reaches from earth to Heaven ; but 
alas ! my weakness is such I can only recommend both myself and thee to 
that good hand that is able to do more abundantly for us than we can 
either ask or think ; and bid thee for the present in much Christian affection, 
farewell. 

WILLIAM SAVERY. 

On 7th December, 1798, she mentions in her diary a letter an- 
nouncing the arrival of her "clear friend William Savery" in 
America. 

From Norwich he passed on from place to place, and again 
visiting London, he on the 10th of March had an important 
interview with the king and royal family. This he secured 
through the intercession of Benjamin West, the celebrated 
painter, who, born of Quaker parents in Pennsylvania, was then 
in the zenith of his fame, having six years before succeeded Sir 
Joshua Reynolds as president of the Royal Academy, and 
declined the honor of knighthood. The queen, he says, ordered 
a page to conduct him into one of the apartments, whence, in 
about five minutes, he was ushered into the drawing-room 
where the king, queen, and three of the princesses, and Prince 
Ernest Augustus met his party "with pleasant countenances." 
The prince, being informed of his late visit to the Continent, 
asked him many questions, giving him an opportunity of 
descanting feelingly on the horrors and miseries of war, and its 
antagonism to the spirit of the Christian religion, the queen 



170 THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 

and the princesses giving an emphatic assent to his views. 
These illustrious ladies were especially pleased with the inter- 
view, the queen giving him the names and ages of her children, 
and sending for the Princess Amelia, " a tall girl of fourteen," 
who was unwell, to come in. The king asked him about the 
situation of affairs between France and America, and on being 
told that he seldom meddled with politics, said, " No, no, I 
understand, but as a people you can never form so natural an 
attachment with any country as with England ; we are united 
by religion, relationship, commerce, disposition, etc." He 
replied that he valued the connection, and hoped the family 
compact would never be broken ; and the queen, catching part 
of the conversation, desired him to repeat it ; was much pleased 
with the idea, and spoke of it to her daughters with satisfac- 
tion. And yet, alas ! the family compact was broken only four- 
teen years afterwards. Who was to blame for that fratricidal 
War of 1812 ? The emphatic and eloquent protest against it by 
the people of New England, which we still remember with 
deep gratitude, confirms us in our opinion that it was not 
altogether the fault of our government ; and it is significant 
that not one of President Madison's grounds for the declaration 
of war was so much as even mentioned in the treaty of peace. 
Should it ever unfortunately occur that the family compact is 
broken again, we in Canada are determined that it shall be by 
no fault of ours, unless to cling tenaciously to our own little 
patrimony, in the spirit of the race from which we all come, is 
to be deemed a fault. When in the treaty of 1783, Lord Shel- 
burne, in spite of the pressure of France, America's ally, to the 
oontrary, "endowed" * the original States with the magnificent 
extension of boundaries they pleaded for west of the Ohio, and 
on the north and south, he said he yielded for the sake of recon- 
ciliation. " Reconciliation," replied Franklin, " that is a sweet 
word." And yet, alas ! it often seems in these later years that 
the reconciliation has not yet come. I know that in the matters 

* The very language used by Hon. John Jay, an American statesman and diplomat, 
descendant of one of the American plenipotentiaries. 






WILLIAM S A VERY. 171 

which have recently been subjects of controversy, the Canadian 
government has carefully striven to keep well within the lines 
of existing treaties and recognized international law, and to 
assert undoubted rights with forbearance and moderation. If 
an impression to the contrary prevails in the United States, it is 
because their people only hear one side of the story. Let me 
implore those who conduct the American press, and on whom so 
grave a responsibility devolves in any such case, to deal more 
justly, nay liberally, with us in this respect, that our case may be 
heard and judged of by the great body of the intelligent Ameri- 
can public, to whose judgment, as to the decisions of the great 
jurists who adorn the courts of the United States, we do not 
shrink from appealing. I humbly hope, in these days of 
u retaliation " and threatened non-intercourse, my kinsfolk 
and namesakes will pardon this digression in the interests of 
peace, and I will hasten to resume the subject of this eminent 
apostle of peace, who bore and honored our common name. 
He told the king and queen that he desired to embrace the 
good everywhere as brethren, under whatever modification of out- 
ward profession ; and the queen replied, " A good Christian must 
do so." After a "free conversation " he could scarcely part 
from them without tears, and West heurd the king say to his 
consort, " Charlotte, how satisfactory this has been." 

Continuing his travels in England, he soon after this began 
to seek for a ship in which to take passage for home, and met 
with many disappointments delaying his departure from time to 
time. Scorning idleness, he availed himself of the time at his 
disposal to cross over to Ireland again, mentioning Anna Sa- 
vory as going and returning with him. On May 18, 1799, he 
refers to Thomas Scattergood, of Philadelphia, a distinguished 
Friend, appearing in prayer at one of his meetings. 

On June 27 he and his companions visited William Wilber- 
force, and laid before him the distressed state of the people of 
Ireland ; and the free expression of their sentiments seemed to 
give much satisfaction to the great English abolitionist. On 



172 THE S A VERY FAMILIES. 

the first day of August he succeeded in finding an eligible ship 
to carry him to America. 

On his passage out he received from a passing vessel infor- 
mation of the prevalence of yellow fever in his native city, and 
writes in his journal: "O Philadelphia, Philadelphia! thou 
whom the Lord has known and favored above all the cities I 
have ever seen, is there not a cause why thou shouldst so re- 
peatedly be made to read the roll written within and without, 
with mourning, lamentation, and woe ? Doubtless there is, 
or thy God would still have preserved the walls of salvation 
around thee, and thy gates would have resounded with anthems 
of praise." 

He arrived at New York on the 18th of October, and soon 
joined his wife and household, who had removed a few miles 
from the city to escape the ravages of the fever. Owing to fail- 
ing health he travelled but little after this, except to attend 
the yearly meeting of New York in 1800, and of Baltimore of 
1801, but continued diligent in his ministrations to the full ex- 
tent of his remaining strength ; dropsical symptoms at length 
supervened, and in March, 1804, he was confined to his house, 
awaiting his last summons with Christian humility, considering 
himself, notwithstanding all his labors, an unprofitable servant, 
" having nothing to depend on but the mercy of God through 
his Saviour, Christ." He died on the 19th of June, 1804,* and 
the pure " white flower of a blameless life," transplanted to the 
immortal shores, blooms in the sunlight of God's countenance for- 
evermore. 

In person William Savery was about five feet nine or ten 
inches in height, was of a firm make, and for one inclined to 
corpulency, had a good figure. His features were comely, and 

*His brother, Thomas Savery, thus writes in his journal, under date June 19, 1804: 
" 18th. Went a-rldlng with brother William about three or four miles, but he very low; 
taken with a chill in afternoon, and a fever succeeded which continued till mid- 
night on the 18th; and the 19th about 6 o'clock A. M., he terminated his short but useful 
life in the 54th year of his age, much lamented by his connections and numerous friends. 
In years past he sought diligently the just .man's path, which was shown him and in 
which he was mostly enabled to walk. He was a lover of mercy and true charity, and 
walked humbly to the end of his days, which terminated in a becoming resignation to his 
Heavenly Master's will, in whose favor he died peacefully, without much pain of body, 
and is no doubt entered into that rest where all sighing and sorrow is at an end." 



WILLIAM S A VERY. 173 

although his complexion was not fair, it was good and healthy. 
The expression of his face was usually placid ; and when he 
was sitting in silence or in the social circle, it was dignified and 
sedate. But when in conversation, his countenance would 
often brighten up, and a smile the most benignant and attrac- 
tive would play over it. Of the extent of his early general 
education we know but little. It is clear that he was fairly 
proficient in German, and had a good knowledge of French, in 
which he could converse, but not very freely. His written sen- 
tences are always grammatically correct, and often classically 
elegant, and his diction flowing and graceful, betokening 
literary taste, and no little culture ; and we can appreciate 
while we cannot describe the magical charm and versatility of 
address that enabled him to deliver his divine message with 
equal acceptance in the cottages of the poor and in the palaces 
of kings, in the refined society of the gentry of Norwich and 
among the savages of the desert. 



PART II. 



THE SEVERY FAMILY AND SAVERYS OF THE 
SAME ORIGIN. 




COAT OF A EMS 

OF TIIK SVVKETS OF JERSEY. 






THE SEVER Y FAMILY AND SAVERYS OF THE 
SAME ORIGIN. 



THE first American progenitor of this family I have found 
at Marbleheacl, which although not organized until about 1635, 
had been settled about 1629 by immigrants from the islands 
of Jersey and Guernsey, commonly called the Channel Islands, 
off the coast of France, the only possessions of the Dukes of 
Normandy which are now subject to the English Crown. 
In the Civil War between Charles I. and his Parliament, Jersey 
was Episcopalian and Loyalist, and Guernsey Parliamentarian 
and Puritan. There is a family of Sivret or Syvret in both 
islands, from one of which I suspect the branch now treated of 
came ; the name first appearing on the records of Marblehead and 
adjacent towns, in the form Sevrit. The coat-of-arms of the 
Syvrets of Jersey, as given in Burke's " General Armory," is 
u Sable a lion rampant argent." The name under the form 
Sivret exists to-day among the Acadian French of New 
Brunswick. Many of the old Norman-French names of the 
early settlers of Marblehead have been superseded in later 
generations by names of English sound, or translations, some 
of the latter not by any means literal; and the change in 
this name, as in many others, arose from the attempt by school 
teachers, tOAvn clerks, and pastors of churches to spell phonetically 
in English a peculiar French name.* An Englishman, unversed 
in the French language, hearing a French-speaking man pro- 
nounce the name " Sivret," and desiring to write it down, would 

* Smiles, In his work on the Huguenots, gives a curious instance of this transition of 
names. The name of the French Protestant ancestors of Judge Bayley of the West- 
minster, London, County Court was De liaillcux, from which it came to Bayley through 
nine changes. 



178 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 

be almost sure to write it Scivery (Sciv-ery) or Severy. 
Either of these two combinations of letters would, to an 
Englishman, convey very nearly, and with about equal effect, 
the name as it would be pronounced by a Frenchman. As 
those acquainted with the French language know, the letter t 
at the end of a word is not sounded as it is in English. It 
merely gives a little shade of difference to the sound of the e 
preceding it. The French termination et would be as nearly as 
possible pronounced as eh would be by an Englishman ; but a 
purely English name never ends with such a combination as 
eh.* For these reasons the name came to be written Severy 
or Scivery, the latter on the church, the former on the 
town records, while it was often also spelt Sevrit and Severit, 
from a lingering knowledge that the , although silent, really 
belonged there. Once the form Severy became established, 
town historians and registrars everywhere mistook the name for 
a corruption of the more familiar Savery, and thus widened 
and perpetuated the divergence from the original, making " con- 
fusion worse confounded," and sad work indeed for genealogists 
and searchers of titles. At Marblehead and Wenham we find 
the name connected contemporaneously with the Christian 
names Thomas, Andrew, Peter, James, and John ; and soon 
afterwards we meet at Marblehead, Clement, Gregory, and 
Philip, redolent of the Channel Islands and France ; and the 
more Puritan and biblically associated names Jonathan, David, 
Solomon, still common in the family, appeared simultaneously 
in branches widely separated for generations. Among the 
soldiers in King Philip's War were Edward and John Severy, 
of Marblehead, and others of the name, and the family con- 
tributed a remarkable number to all the wars in which the 
colonies and United States were engaged. Marblehead is said 
to have contained six hundred widows at the close of the Revo- 
lutionary War, and five hundred of her citizens were prisoners 

*I think, however, that in modern French usage it is gradually becoming fashionable 
to give the final letter t a more distinct sound. It is so, at least, in Canada. 



THE SEVER Y AND S A VERY FAMILY. 179 

of war in England at the close of the War of 1812. The 
estate of Peter Severe, or Sevoree, who died, it would seem, at 
Marblehead, was administered by his brother Thomas, May 14, 
1685, and that of Andrew by his wife Mary, May 21, 1715. I 
think the same Peter was of Wenham, in 1684, for I find there 
recorded : " Mary, daughter to Peter and Mary Severy, born 
16. 1. 1684." But the Mary Sevrit whose " intent of marrig " 
to Jonathan Moulton, " both of Wenham," was published 
May 31, 1713, and " certificate given " June 18, was probably 
daughter of the first John. It would seem likely that Andrew, 
who by wife Mary had a child born to him in 1683, and 
Thomas, who by wife Elizabeth had apparently five children 
born before 1699, were, with Peter, brothers of the first John of 
Wenham. The early settlers of Marblehead gave great con- 
cern to the General Court by their lack of devotion to the church 
and its rules, and I believe organized no church whatever until 
after those of Ipswich and Wenham were organized, but the 
town had Episcopal missionaries, from a very early date. 

1. 

JOHN 1 SEVRIT, SEVERIT, or SEVERY, must have been born 
between Nov. 8, 1644, and the same date in 1645, for, according 
to Wenham records, " John Seven died Nov. 8, 1742, in the 
ninety-eighth year of his age." " Goodwife Severit " had died 
March, 1737. The earliest mention of his name is on the Pro- 
bate records of Essex County, where it appears that, in 1680, 
John Severy charged the estate of John Harris, of Marblehead, 
for " providing his coffin and digging the grave." According 
to the new " History of Essex County,"* sub cap. Wenham, 
he removed to Wenham in 1695, his name in connection with 
his settlement there being spelt Severett. Here also, as at 
Marblehead, the records show that he was employed from the 
first in connection with the last rites to the dead, and is thus 
more . clearly identified. Besides probably others, he had the 
following 

* Edited by D. Hamilton Kurd, 1888. 



180 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 

CHILDREN. 

2 I. John 2 , b. probably before 1683. 

3 II. Joseph, b. May 4, 1690. 

III. Mary (probably), who m. Jonathan Moulton. 

IV. James, " Jeams Sevrit, son of John Sevrit, by Mary his wife 

died 1722-3." His estate was administered by Jonathan 
Moulton, and balance given to his father, showing he was 
over twenty-one and unmarried. 



SECOND GENERATION. 
2. 

JOHN* SEVERIT, JR. (Jo/w 1 ), carefully styled Junior on the 
Wenham records, born no doubt at Marblehead before 1683, 
date unknown, the immediate progenitor of the Middleboro 
Saverys; married Martha, daughter of Thomas Parlow, of 
Middleboro, who under the name Martha Severy, on the 
Probate records, Plymouth, was June 11, 1727, allotted one 
third of the estate of her father. Her death, at the age of 
eighty-five, Dec. 19, 1768, is recorded at Wenham. 

CHILDREN. 

I. John 3 , b. March 29, 1706 ; d. May 7, 1706. 

4 II. John, b. Aug. 13, 1707. 

5 III. Thomas. 
IV. Elizabeth. 

Perhaps other daughters. 

3. 

JOSEPH 2 SEVERIT or SEVERY (John 1 }, was born May 4, 1690, 
l>efore his father's removal from Marblehead to Wenham. His 
intent of marriage, under the name " Joseph Saverit, of Wen- 
ham," to Mary Crocker, of Topsfield, was recorded July 13, 
1712. She died March 8, 1712-13 ; and on Sept. 13, 1713, 
we find again an " intent of marrig " between " Joseph Saverit, 
of Wenham, and Sarah Stockwell, of Ipswich," not " Joseph 
Severy, of Ipswich, and Sarah Stockwell, of Rehoboth," as 
Tracy, doubtless relying on tradition, gives it in his " History 



THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 181 

of Button." In Ipswich he was published as Joseph "Seavery." 
His wife is said to have been a sister of the five brothers Stock- 
well, of Rehoboth, who removed thence to Sutton, Oxford 
County, among the earliest settlers. Before moving to Sutton 
he lived in Ipswich or Rehoboth, perhaps consecutively in 
both places, and settled in Sutton, with four children already 
born to him, about 1728. The farm he first owned there he 
sold, and bought one a little north from it, which remained in 
the family one hundred and forty years or upwards. His 
descendants now are most widely scattered all over the Union, 
and the progressive variations in the spelling of their names 
render them most difficult to trace. He died Nov. 14, 1761, 
aged, according to the family record from which I compute the 
day of his birth, 71 years 6 months 10 days ; and his widow, 
April 4, 1770, aged 81 years 5 months and 26 days. 

CHILDREN. 

6 I. Joseph 3 , b. June 26, 1714. 

II. Sarah, b. Dec. 17,1715; m. March 5, 1741, James How; re- 
moved to Warwick, and d. there February, 1801. 

III. John, b. May 4, 1720; d. May 11, 172!). 

IV. Mary, b. Jan. 20, 1724-5 ; d. May 9, 1729. 

7 V. John, b. Feb. 25, 1729-30. 

8 VI. Benjamin, b. June 21, 1731. 

9 VII. Jacob, b. May 8, 173.i. 

VIII. Thomas, b. July 13, 1737; d. in the French War, Sept. 4, 1759. 
The will of a Thomas Severy, of Suttou, was proved 1759. 



THIRD GENERATION". 
4. 

JOHN 3 SEVERIT or SEVERY (John*, John 1 }. At Wenham, 
"John son of John Severtt Jr. by Martha his wife was 
born Au. the 13, 1707"; married July 17, 1729, by Rev. 
Peter Thacher, at Middleboro, Mary, daughter of Jonathan 
Thomas, whose mother's maiden name was Stewart. He prob- 
ably settled on his mother's share of the Parlow estate. He 
mentioned in his will only his wife Mary and his daughter 
Lydia Tinkham, and Nehemiah and Daniel, sons of his deceased 



182 THE SEVER Y AND SAVER Y FAMILY. 

son John. His gravestone in the Middleboro cemetery says 
he died June, 1778, in his seventy-second year. We would say 
lie was in his seventy-first year. His survivors may have con- 
founded the- year of his birth with that of the John who died 
in infancy. His widow died July 20, 1778, aged 71 years. On 
the Plymouth County Records of Deeds his name, I think, is 
most frequently spelt Severit. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Martha 4 , b. June 29, 1731; d. before 1743. 

II. Mary, b. 1733; d. May IS, 1794; unm., as appears from the in- 
scription in the old cemetery, Middleboro. Birth not recorded. 

10 III. John, b. Sept. 6, 1735. 
IV. Perez, b. June 10, 1737. 

V. Xehemiah, b. Jan. 24, 1740. 

VI. Martha, b. April 1, 1743. 

VII. Joanna, 1). Sept. 14, 1745. 

VIII. Lydia, b. Feb. 27, 1747; m. Tiukham. 

5. 

THOMAS 3 SEVER Y (John 2 , John 1 ), married Mary Williams, in 
1738. In a deed, Dec. 29, 1741, recorded Book 37, p. 71, 
Plymouth Records, he conveys a ninth share of the land derived 
from his " honored grandfather Thomas Parlow." He bought 
land at Hebron, Conn., 1753, and removed there with his family. 
His wife was "dismissed" in 1758 to the church at Andover, 
then forming one society with Hebron. Died at Hebron, 1761. 

CHILDREN. 
I. Martha 4 , b. 1738. 
II. Lucia, b. 1740. 
III. Solomon, b. 1742; d. Dec. 14, 1747. 

11 IV. Joseph, b. Sept. 11, 1744. 

V. Sarah, b. Sept. 12, 1746. 

V I . Solomon, b. April 22, 1749 ; lived at Hebron ; d. about 1874 ; and 
estate divided among three daughters : Sally, who m. Aaron 
Bills; Clarissa, who rn. Simon House; and Betsey SAVORY. 
VII. Thomas, b. April 6, 1751. 
VIII. Mary, b. May 14, 1753. 

IX. John, b. Oct. 4, 1756; d. 1804. No trace of posterity. 
X. Hiram, b. Jan. 25, 1761. 



THE SEVER Y AND SAVER Y FAMILY. 183 

6. 

JOSEPH 3 SEVERY, JR. (Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born June 26, 
1714 ; and married Susanna Stockwell, who died Jan. 14, 1762, 
in her fifty-third year. He settled in that part of Sutton which 
is now Millbury, and died Jan. 14, 1800. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Mary 4 , b. Dec. 5, 1735; d. April 15, 1758. 
II. Susanna, b. Aug. 22, 1737. 

III. Hannah, b. April 23, 1740; d. May 11, 1740. 

IV. Hannah, b. Feb. 3, 1741. 

12 V. Joseph, b. Jan 13, 1744. 

VI. Eunice, b. Oct. 23, 1747 ; m. June 11, 1772, Samuel Merriman. 

13 VII. David, b. March 11, 1750. 

14 VIII. Jonathan, b. Feb. 16, 1754. 

7. 

JOHN 3 SEVEKY(Jb*^A 2 , John 1 ), was born Feb. 25, 1730. He 
lived at Ward, afterwards Auburn, Mass., and then at Lan- 
caster, where he died. He married March 8, 1750, Hannah, 
daughter of Edward Holman. Died May 28, 1812. 

CHILDREN. 
I. Sarah 4 , b. Jan. 25, 1750-1. 

15 II. John, b. Aug. 25, 1752. 

III. Hannah, b. May 13, 1753; d. soon. 

IV. Hannah, b. May 13, 1754. 
V. Rebecca, b. Nov. 25, 1755. 

VI. Edward, b. Feb. 25, 1757 ; accidentally shot himself Jan. 4, 1790. 

16 VII. Thomas, b. Xov. 4, 1759. 
VIII. Solomon, b. Aug. 8, 1761. 

IX. Lucy, b. Oct. 2, 1765. 

X. Judith, b. Aug. 13, 1768. 
XI. Joshua, b. May 8, 1771. 

8. 

BENJAMIN 3 SEVERY (Joseph 2 , John 1 ), born at Sutton on the 
old homestead of the Severys, June 21, 1731 ; married April 6, 
1756, Widow Elizabeth Harwood. He died in the French War, 
Aug. 17, 1758 ; and administration was granted to his widow 
the same year. 

CHILDREN. 

17 I. Reuben 4 , b. about 1757. 



184 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 

9. 

JACOB 3 SEVERY (Joseph-, John 1 ), was born at Button, May 
8, 1735 ; married April 1, 1756, Abigail, daughter of Joseph 
Rhodes, of Marblehead, who Avas born March 23, 1733, and died 
July 9, 1815. He lived on the farm which his father bought 
at Sutton ; did considerable business in the settlement of estates 
and town affairs ; was collector of taxes a long time, active in 
getting up recruits in the Revolutionary War, and in providing 
for their families. I compute the date of birth of his wife and 
several others of the family from their ages at death as recorded 
by him with great precision in the family Bible ; extracts hav- 
ing been obtained for my purpose by James B. Severy, Esq., of 
Colorado Springs, El Paso County, Col. He died March 
23, 1826, aged nearly 91. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Mary 4 , b. Feb. 0, 1757; d. without issue August, 1854. 
II. Jacob, b. Xov. 17, 1758; d. Oct. 1, 1780, in the Revolutionary 
War. 

III. Ruth, b. Aug. 19, 1760; m. Henry King. Ch. : (1) Hemy; 

(2) Asenath. Died at Dixfield, Me., April 10, 1858. 

IV. Sarah, b. June 28, 1762; m. Phiueas Goodnough; d. at Newton, 

near Boston, aged 85, leaving two sons, Jacob and Phineas. 

18 V. Joseph Rhodes, b. March 25, 1764. 

19 VI. Moody, b. Oct. 22, 1765. 

VII. Thomas, b. July 21, 1767; d. Xov. 24, 1793. 

20 VIII. Asa, b. April 23, 1769. 

21 IX. Aaron, b. Aug. 8, 1771. 

22 X. Archibald, b. June 22, 1773. 

23 XI. Samuel, b. March 17, 1775. 

XII. Lydia, b. July 9, 1777; d. Dec. 24, 1792. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 
10. 

JOHN* SEVERY (John*, John 2 , John 1 ), was born Sept. 6, 1735 ; 
and married in 1764 (intentions published April 21), Thankful 
Cobb, by Rev. S. Conant, and died at Middleboro in the 
lifetime of his father, July 17, 1770. His widow, Oct. 20, 1774, 
married David Bates. 



THE SEVEKY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 185 

CHILDREN. 



24 I. Daniel 5 , b. 1764. 

25 II. Nehemiah, b. 1769. 



11. 

JOSEPH* SEVERY or SAVORY (Thomas*, John 1 , Jo/m 1 ), was 
born Sept. 11, 1744; lived in Tolland, Conn. His posterity 
have generally spelt their names Savory. 

CHILDREN. 

26 I. Ira 5 , b. Aug. 7, 1776. 

II. Backus, who is said to have been a leather dealer, and died on a 
second visit to Spain, about 1804. 

12. 

JOSEPH 4 SEVERY (Joseph*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born Jan. 13, 
1744, probably at Sutton; married Rebecca - , and had: 

CHILDREN. 

27 I. Joseph Emerson 5 , b. March 11, 1767, who was an only son, 

and probablj r only child. 

13. 

DAVID 4 SEVERY (Joseph 3 , Joseph-, John 1 ), Avas born March 
11, 1750, at Sutton ; removed to Warwick, and thence to 
Northfield. In the " History of Northfield " his name is given 
Daniel, but the records of Warwick and Northfield have it 
clearly David and fully identify him. From those records and 
the history, we find that he. first married Silvia , who died 
Nov. 1, 1786 ; and that June 18, 1787, he married, second, at 
Northfield, Lydia Barber, of Warwick, and doubtless had other 
posterity whom I am unable to trace. His first three children 
were born at Warwick. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 

I. Mary 5 , b. Aug. 27, 1777. 
II. Susanna, b. May 22, 17SO. 

III. Silvia; b. Oct. 7, 1782. 

IV. Lydia, b. May 20, 1784. 
V. Sally, b. Oct. 27, 1786. 



18(3 THE SEVERY AND SAVEEY FAMILY. 

14. 

JONATHAN 4 SEVERY (Joseph 3 , Joseph 2 John 1 ), was born Feb. 
16, 1754, probably at Button; removed to Warwick, and settled 
there, and no doubt served in the Revolutionary War, and was 
a pensioner ; but the tradition among his descendants at Sears- 
port, Me., that he was killed in the war is erroneous, for his 
death is recorded at Warwick under date Aug. 23, 1810, and 
his age stated at 63 ; but either the age or the year of death is 
an error in the record, which must refer to this Jonathan, for 
there was then no other man of the name at Warwick or Sut- 
ton. The Warwick records of this period, perhaps transcrip- 
tions of the original, are notably imperfect and erroneous. The 
births of his children I take from tradition, or compute from 
their ages as stated in the records of their deaths. Of any daugh- 
ters I know nothing. 

CHILDREN. 

28 I. Jonathan 5 , b. Nov. 4, 1780. 

II. Elisha, b. 1783 ; d. March 6, 1843, " aged 60." 

29 III. David, b. Aug. 1 or 9, 1785. 

IV. Joseph, 1). late in 1786 or early in 1787; " d. March 12, 1810 r 
aged 24. v 

30 V. Ephraim, b. June 26, 1795. 



15. 

JOHN 4 SEVERY (John 3 , Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was bom Aug. 25, 
1752, and married Dec. 9, 1779, Phoebe Kendall. He was a 
Revolutionary pensioner, lived at Lancaster, Mass., and died 
Sept. 10, 1834, " aged 82," at the house of Windsor Brainard. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Edward 5 , b. Aug. 26, 1780, and perhaps others. On Nov. 28, 
1813, Windsor Brainard was married to Miss Phcebe Severy r 
at Lancaster, perhaps daughter of this John 4 . 

16. 

THOMAS* SEVERY (John*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born Nov. 4 t 
1759; and married May 26, 1780, Lucretia Kendall; settled first 






THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 187 

at Auburn, Mass.; removed to Vermont, and died May 23, 
1847. His wife died September, 1840, in her seventy-sixth year. 



CHILDREN. 



I. Judith 5 , b. Nov. 5, 1781. 

II. Lucretia, b. Sept. 5, 1783. 

III. Phoebe, b. Xov. 14, 1785. 

31 IV. Harvey, b. Aug. 7, 1789. 

32 V. William, b. March 3, 1802. 



17. 

REUBEN 4 SEVERY (Benjamin*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born at 
Sutton, about 1757. In 1771 his uncle Jacob was appointed 
his guardian. When of age he removed to Hardwick, and thence 
toUxbridge, Mass. He married Lucy- . 

CHILDREN. 

33 I. Marshall 5 , b. March 13, 1779. 

34 II. Herman or Heman, b. June 22, 1782. 

III. Bosanna, b. Jan. 17, 1784. 

IV. Elizabeth, b. July 18, 1787. 

V. George Carroll, b. May 27, 1790. Intentions of marriage 
between George Severy and Miss Chloe Wood were published 
at Uxbridge, April 21, 1811. 



18. 

JOSEPH RHODES 4 SEVERY (Jacob*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born 
March 25, 1764 ; and married Eunice Fitts, of Oxford, Dec. 24, 
1789. She is said to have had some of the blood of the 
aborigines in her veins, and to have been a woman of large 
physique and fabulous strength. He died in Douglas, Mass., 
aged 85. Both were much respected citizens. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Benjamin 5 , b. Jan. 28, 1791 ; d. 1844; no ch. 
II. Arnos, b. Sept. 2, 1792; m. his cousin Abigail, dau. of Moody 
Csee No. 19) ; d. Oct. 10, 1837. - 



188 THE SEVER Y AND SAVER Y FAMILY.' 

III. Judah, b. Jan. 16, 1794 ; ra. Huldah Griffin. Ch. : (1) Roxauna 6 , 

m . Avery. (2) Georgiana, m. Avery, a brother. 

(3) Diantha, m. George Himer (3 ch.). (4) Edward, m. 
Sarah Jilson (2 ch.). It was perhaps this Judah, who 
with John S., about 1822. according to Miss Blackman's 
" History of Susquehanna County, Penn.,'' settled at Jack 
son, in that county, giving the name Savory's Corners to 
a locality now called Lake View. Probably his descendants 
now all spell their names Savory. 

IV. Clarissa, b. Nov. 17, 1795; m. Abraham Tourtelotte. Ch. : 

(1) Amos; (2) Stephen. 

V. Lydia, b. May 20, 1797 ; m. M. Cutting ; 2 ch., d. ; she d. 1856. 
VI. Cynthia, b. July 9, 1799. 
VII. Libra, b. Feb. 17, 1803 ; m. Sarah Warren. Ch. : (1) Mary; 

(2) Abigail. He d. Sept. 26, 1868. 
VIII. Diantha, b. May 12, 1805; d. Dec. 3, 1806. 

19. 

MOODY* SEVERY (Jacob*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born Oct. 22, 
1765; married Oct. 2, 1793, Judith, daughter of Solomon Hoi- 
man, of Petersham; lived and died on the old homestead at 
Button. She died Dec. 28, 1840, aged 76 years 3 months and 
2 days ; and he, Dec. 24, 1848. 

CHILDREN. 
35 I. Jacob 5 , b. Feb. 3, 1795. 

II. Abigail, b. Sept. 12, 1796; m. June 4, 1827, Amos Severy ; lived 
at Millbury ; no issue. 

III. Willard, b. Feb. 16, 1798; m. Rhoda Hewett, of Sutton. Ch. : 

Harriet Maria 6 , b. June 8, 1825; (2) Freeman; (3) Adeline; 

(4) Willard; he d. July 15, 1855. 

IV. Moody, b. January 18, 1800; d. Sept. 12, 1803. 

V. Sally, b. Nov. 22, 1801 ; m. Kiel Day, April 18, 1844; d. Feb. 19, 

1872. 
VI. Moody Holman, b. July 14, 1803; m. April 25, 1843, Charlotte 

Forbush, of Weshona ; d. March 27, 1874 ; no issue. 
VII. Solomon, b. Feb. 12, 1805. SOLOMON 6 SEVERY, last survivor of 
the family at Sutton, who m. Sept. 28, 1830, Mary B. Knapp, 
and had ch. : (1) Francis Solomon 6 , b. Jan. 3, 1846, d. Aug. 14, 
1846, is now also " gathered to his fathers." He d. March 
21, 1886. His widow d. March 21, 1890. 

2O. 

ASA 4 SEVERY (Jacob*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born at Sutton, 
April 23, 1769; married, 1st, May 9, 1801, Hannah Walker, 



THE SEVERY AND S A VERY FAMILY. 189 

of Wilton, Me., who died Sept. 6, 1820, aged 48 years 11 
months and 24 days; 2d, Oct. 8, 1821, Mehitable Fitts, of 
Mass., and settled in Dixfield, Oxford County, Me., as did also 
his three brothers next named; died Oct. 21, 1859. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 

I. Abigail 5 , b. Jan. 9, 1802 ; m. March 27, 1823, Joshua Blake, who 
d. Aug. 12, 1867. Had one ch. : Hannah S. 6 , b. April 2, 1824 ; 
m. Jan. 13, 1845, Charles Marston, who d. Jan. 23, 1863. She 
lives at Farmington, Me. 
II. Asa, b. March 2, 1804; d. July 20, 1810. 
III. Moody, b. Dec. 23, 1806; d. Jan. 13, 1813. 
36 IV. William, b. April 20, 1809. 

V. Hannah, b. Aug. 22, 1814; m. John H. Wait; lives at Canton. 
Me. Ch. (1) Hannah Abigail 6 , b. March 25, 1848 ; d. Jan. 26 
1863. 

By second wife : 
VI. Harriet, b. July 18, 1823; in. Amos H. Blake; d. Jan. 10, 1849; 

no ch. 
VII. Asa, d. Dec. 26, 1824; d. April 5, 1845. 

21. 

AARON 4 SEVERY (Jacob 3 , Joseph 2 , John 1 }, was born at Sutton, 
according to the record made by his father in the family Bible, 
Aug. 8, 1771, but elsewhere stated, apparently with authority, 
Aug. 10, 1770. He married, 1st, Phoebe Tucker, of Hebron, 
who died Oct. 5, 1815, aged 86; 2d, Hannah Morse, of 
Dixfield, who died Dec. 7, 1862, aged 66. He died Oct. 16, 
1860. The following is from the Oxford, Me., Democrat: 

u In 1792, taking all he possessed on his back, he penetrated the wilderness 
of Maine, to establish for himself his future home, and finally selected an 
elevated, beautiful, and fertile spot, in what is now Dixfield, then an un- 
broken forest. Only one pioneer had preceded him, who had just commenced 
a clearing in another part of the township. Entirely alone, in the solitude of 
the forest, he packed his provisions and necessaries of life, and conveyed 
them, by a spotted line, from Canton Point, a distance of ten miles, to his 
contemplated home. For three nights a mossy log was his only pillow, 
and the leafy wilderness and the starry heavens his only covering. Soon 
the log-cabin, reared by his own unaided arm, afforded him a comfortable 
shelter, and this, in time, gave place to a substantial brick mansion, while 
by the same strong arm those dark forests have been transformed into one 



190 THE SEVER Y AND SAVERY FAMILY. 



of the nogt extensive and productive farms in our county. He resided on 
the same spot he first selected till his death, a period of sixty-eight years. 
"For more than twenty-five years he honorably filled responsible offices 
in the town of Dixfield, and throughout his protracted life he enjoyed the 
confidence and respect of all who knew him. For many years before his 
death he was a leading member of the Freewill Baptist Church, and an 
earnest and devoted Christian. His house and his heart were always open 
to the afflicted and unfortunate, and every Christian grace and manly 
virtue was practically illustrated by his daily life. Notwithstanding his 
great age, he retained full possession of all his faculties to the last, and 
iliMl as h* had lived, in the blessed hope of immortality. 1 ' 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife. 
31 I. Aaron 5 , b. March 6, 1801. 

II. Phcebe, b. Dec. 5, 1803; m. November, 1824, Nathan Holt. 
Ch. : (1) Harriet Ann 6 , b. March 17, 1827; d. Oct. 5, 1845. 
(2) Phoebe, b. Jan. 20, 1829; m. Nov. 17, 1853, Jesse Blanch- 
ard. (3) Lucy Isabella, b. May 3, 1830; m. March 14, 1868, 
Harrison Lake. (4) Abiel, b. Nov. 9, 1832; d. Dec. 3, 1846. 
(5) Aaron Severy, j.^ Aug. 16, 1836; m. March 28, 1867, 
Lucetta Smith. (6) Farrington, b. May 28, 1845; d. Feb. 
2, 1846. She d. Nov. 16, 1884. 

38 III. Charlotte,b. April 23, 1805. 

39 IV. Polly, b. May 3, 1807. 

40 V. Silas, b. Nov. 23, 1808. 

VI. Hufus, b. Sept. 29, 1810; m. 1st, Mary Jackson, who d. Dec. 
11, 1863; 2d, Mrs. Emeline B. Kendall, who d. March 2, 
1876 ; he d. July 28, 1890. 
VII. Alden, b. Oct. 31, 1812; d. March 6, 1814. 

41 VIII. John T., b. Aug. 28, 1814. 

By second wife. 
IX. Charles, b. Jan 13, 1818; d. March 11, 1834. 

42 X. Clarinda P., b. June 14, 1820. 

XI. Alden B., b. Dec. 3, 1823 ; m. Rosella Richmond ; d. April 17, 1883. 
Two children; d. 

43 XII. Cyrus M., b. Oct. 28, 1831. 

22. 

ARCHIBALD 4 SEVERY (JacoW, Joseph?, John 1 ), was born at Sut- 
ton, June 22, 1773 ; married Feb. 17, 1805, Olive Holman, of 
Petersham, who was born Nov. 11, 1784 ; settled in Dixfield, Me. 
Died Feb. 4, 1856 ; she died July 9, 1882. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Willard 3 , b. Dec. 5, 1805; m. 1st, Sarah Reed; 2d, Joanna 

Hiscock. Ch. : (I) Ebeu 6 ; (2) Leonard. Died July 2, 1870. 

II. Moses Holman, b. June 21, 1807; d. Jan. 8, 1810. 






THE SEVERY AND S A VERY FAMILY. 191 

III. Jones, b. Nov. 11, 1808 ; d. Dec. 20, 1808. 

IV. Sallie, b. Nov. 1, 1809; d. Jan. 21, 1840. 
V. Betsey, b. Feb. 15, 1812. 

VI. Anna, b. Jan. 4, 1815 ; m. Daniel Stimson, of Weston, Mass. 
Ch. : (1) Daniel Muuroe; (2) Marshall Oliver; (3) Susan 
Anna, m. and lives in Auburndale, Mass. 
VII. Joel, b. Aug. 19, 1817 ; d. March 12, 1841. 
VIII. Daniel, b. Oct. 10, 1819; d. Xov. 16, 1880. 
IX. Harrison, b. April 9, 1821 ; d. Aug. 6, 1821. 

44 X. Moses, b. April 10, 1823. 

45 XI. Solomon, b. Jan. 3, 1825. 
XII. Warren, b. March 3, 1827. 

XIII. Matilda, b. April 17, 1829 ; umn. 

XIV. Lucinda, b. Nov. 24, 1831; m. July 9, 1854, Henry P. Newton. 

of Boston, Mass., who was b. Nov. 14, 1829, and d. Oct. 25, 
1886. Ch. : (1) Lilla Eva 6 , b. Sept. 9, 1855; d. Oct. 4, 1856. 
(2) Olive M., b. Jan. 30, 1860; m. and lives in Buffalo, 
N. Y. (3) Lucia Viola, b. Feb. 18, 1862; d. Jan. 20, 1863. 
(4) George H., b. Aug. 6, d. Aug. 30. 1867. 

23. 

SAMUEL* SEVERY (Jacob*, Joseph-, John 1 ), was born March 

17, 1775 ; and married Mercy Tucker, of Dixfield. 

* 
CHILDREN. 

I. Lydia 5 . 
II. Phoebe, m. Cook, and settled in Norridgewock, Me. 

III. Jonas, m. Rebecca Green, of Wilton. Ch. : (1) Zilpha; 

(2) Asa. 

IV. Galen, m. Mary Green, of Wilton, settled in Dixfield. Ch.: 

(1) Mary; (2) Amanda; (3) Belle; (4) Alon/o; (5) Nathan; 
(6) Laman. 

V. Ruth. 

VI. Shepherd ; unm. 
VII. Naomi, m. Ransom Green, of Wilton, settled at Carthage, Me. 

Ch. : (1) Amanda 6 . 

VIII. Amanda, m. Rev. David Allen; settled at Wilton. Ch. : 
(1) Mary 8 ; (2) Mercy. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 
24. 

DANIEL 5 SAVERY (John 4 , John 9 , John 2 , John 1 ), of Middle- 
boro, was born in 1764; and married April 22, 1794, 



192 THE SEVERY AND S A VERY FAMILY. 

Hnhlah Soule. He was a man of fine physique and presence, 
of pungent and ready wit, and prominent in church and civic 
affairs in the community where he lived. Died Sept. 21, 1836 ; 
his widow, Oct. 17, 1853, aged 78 years 6 months. 

CHILDREN. 

I. John 6 , b. May 28, 1795; d. June 5, 1796. 

46 II. Daniel, b. Jan. 22, 1797. 

III. Iluldah, b. Sept. 4, 1798. 

IV. William Soule, b. April 14, 1800; lost at sea in 1821. 
V. Lydia, b. Dec. 25, 1801. 

47 VI. Peregrine White, b. Oct. 6, 1803. 
VII. Sarah Briggs, b. Aug. 18, 1805. 

VIII. Betsey, b. July 14, 1812. 

IX. George Simmons, b. Sept. 21, 1816; m. Nov. 27, 1847, Khoda J. 

Churchill ; no ch. ; d. 
And I believe two others. 

25. 

NEHEMiAH 5 SAVERY (John 4 , John 5 , John 2 , John 1 ), born in) 
1767, being 78 years old when he died, Jan. 20, 1846. He 
married, 1st, Dec. 14, 1793, Sarah Cornish; and 2d, April 5, 
1806, Deborah Swift ; and lived in the north part of the town of 
Plymouth. She died Jan. 10, 1847, aged 75 years. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 

48 I. Thomas 6 , b. Dec. 24, 1796. 

49 II. Xehemiah, b. May 11, 1797. 

50 III. Windsor, b. Sept. 10, 1801. 
IV. Betsey. 

V. Mary* 

VI. Sally. 

By second wife : 

VII. Cordelia. 

VIII. Louisa, m. David H. Holmes; eleven ch. 

IX. Deborah. 

X. Mercy. 

XI. A son. 



26. 

II:A* SAVORY (Joseph 4 , Thomas 3 , John 2 , John 1 ), was born in 
Tolland County, Conn., Aug. 7, 1776; married in 1802, at 






THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 193 

Hebron, Conn., Lovina or Lavinia Richardson. He had removed 
to Onondago County, N. Y., previous to his marriage, and re- 
mained there till 1818, when he removed to Steuben County, 
with his wife and family. He died Feb. 8, 1842 ; and his widow 
Sept. 30, 1864, aged 83. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Willard 6 , d. at Buffalo, imm. 

II. William, d. a child. 

51 III. Walter C. , b. July 18, 1808. 

52 IV, Warren W., b. 1812. 

V. Willis J., b. about 1816. 

VI. Harriet, m. Thomas Quigley; d. Dec. 20, 1846; had six ch. 
VII. William, m. Lucy Holmes ; d. Dec. 24, 1850; had four ch. 
VIII. Mary Aim, b. June 3, 1817 ; m. Asaph Cole; lives at Havana. 
Had ch. : (1) Melina 7 , b. June 2, 1836; (2) Harlem, b. Nov. 7, 
1837; (3) Ira, b. March 28, 1839. 

53 IX. Wilbur W. 

X. Fidelia, m. John W. Cuffmau; she d. Dec. 23, 1841 ; no ch. 

54 XI. Washington P., b. Jan. 6, 1822. 
XII. Willard, m. Melissa E. Daily; no ch. 



27. 

JOSEPH EMERSON^ SEVERY (Joseph 4 , Joseph*, Joseph 1 , John 1 ), 
was born March 11, 1767 ; married Miriam Stone ; lived in 
Auburn, and died in 1829 ; his Avidow in 1846, in the eighty- 
fifth year of her age. 

CHILDREN. 
55 I. Stephen 6 , b. Aug. 30, 1791. 



28. 

JONATHAN 5 SEVERY or SAVERY (Jonathan*, Joseph*, Joseph 2 , 
John 1 ), was born Nov. 4, 1780, and removed from Warwick, 
Mass., to Prospect, now Searsport, Me., about 1800 ; and 
died there, Feb. 15, 1863. He married, about 1808, Widow 
Mary Piper (maiden name Towle), of Searsport, who was born 
at Laconia, N. H., April 15, 1781, and died Jan. 22, 1854. 



194 THE SEVERY AND S A VERY FAMILY. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Maria 6 , b. July 28, 1814; m. Dec. 7 or 18, 1835, Capt. Elisha 

Lamphier; and d. April 6, 1888. 
II. Sarah A., b. March 12, 1819 or 1821 ; m. 1848, John Towle. 

56 III. Jonathan M. , b. Oct. 7, 1824. 

29. 

DAVID 5 SEVERY or SAVERY (Jonathan 4 , Joseph 3 , Joseph 2 , 
John 1 ), was born at Warwick, Mass., Aug. 1 or 9, 1785, and 
moved to Barre, Vt. ; married, 1st, Mary or Polly Smith, who 
died Aug. 18, 1843, aged 50; 2d, Zilpah Caswell, of Maine; 
3d, Widow Asenath Claflin, maiden name Pratt, of Plainfield, 
Vt. He died Aug. 29, 1871, aged, as copied from his tomb- 
stone, 86 years and 28 days. 

CHILDREN. 

By first wife : 

I. David 6 , baptized, according to the imperfect records of War- 
wick, March 15. 1815, u on account of Mr. Johns who had 
adopted him," but according to the entry in the family Bible 
he was born Nov. 2, 1815. Has son WILLIAM P. 7 SAVORY, 
living at Manchester, Va. 
II. Mary, m. Isaiah Kilgore; lives in Independence, Kan. 

57 III. Jonathan, b. Feb 18, 1818. 
IV. Samuel, d. young. 

V. William, d. young. 
VI. Joseph, d. young. 

58 VII. Oliver A., b. 1824. 
VIII. Sarah, d. 

IX. Lorinda, d. 

59 X. George W., b. Aug. 5, 1839. 

By second wife : 

XI. Franklin C., b. Aug. 24, 1849; d. Feb. 29, 1862. 
XII. Jefferson T., b. in Barre, Feb. 16, 1852; m. Jan. 7, 1873, Angle 
, and had ch. : (1) Alice M. 7 , b. Nov. 12, 1878 ; (2) Flor- 
ence L., b. June 21, 1887. 
XIII. Jackson T., twin of Jefferson T. ; d. Feb. 29, 1862. 

3O. 

EPHRAIM 5 SEVERY or SAVERY (Jonathan 4 , Joseph 3 , Joseph?, 
John 1 ), was born June 26. 1795; and married Jan. 19, 1824, 
Mary Ellis. He served in the War of 1812; was brought 



THE SEVER Y AND SAVERY FAMILY. 195 

up at Warwick, Mass. ; moved, about 1829, to Vermont, and 
settled at Clarendon Springs about 1835. His wife died Nov. 
26, 1872 ; and he Oct. 11, 18T4. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Nancy I,. 6 , b. Oct. 18, 1824; d. March 25, 1890; unm. 
II. Mary E., b. Nov. 9, 1825; unm. 

III. Harriet U., b. June 18, 1827 ; m. Lyman Taylor. 

IV. Lucy A., b. June 8, 1828; m. 1st, June 12, 1853, Charles Ellis; 

2d, Lucian Winslow. 

60 V. Aaron A., b. June 2, 1829. 

VI. Sarah J., b. Aug. 31, 1831 ; m. 1869, John Kershaw. 

61 VII. William Jonathan, b. Sept. 4, 1833,. 

62 VIII. George W., b. May 24, 1835. 

IX. John H., b. April 15,1837; killed at Yorktown, Va., in the 

Civil War, April 18, 1862. 

X. Martha E., b. June 20, 1841 ; m. Aug. 4, 1873, Charles E. Jen- 
nings. Ch. : (1) Frank B. 7 , b. Aug. 8, 1874. She d. March 
31, 1885. . 

31. 

HARVEY 5 SEVELIY (Thomas 4 , John*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was bom 
Aug. 7, 1789 ; and married Lydia Whitney, of Westminster, 
and died April 12, 1878. She died Oct. 12, 1871. 

CHILDREN. 
I. Phoebe 6 , b. Feb. 17, 1810; in. 1849, Lyman Cotton. 

63 IF. Jehiel, b. Aug. 17, 1811. 

III. Betsy, b. Dec. 22, 1813; m. March 18, 137, George Raymond; 

d. May 1, 1887. Has son C. S. Raymond at Omaha, Neb. 

IV. Kendall, b. Feb. 17, 1816; in. Phoebe Graves; left son Walter 7 

living at Warren, Vt., perhaps others. 
V. Alvira. 
VI. Celinda, b. June 4, 1S20; m. Leonard Percival. 

64 VII. William, b. May 1, 1822. 

VIII. Mary, b. July 24, 1824; m. Orrell Towne, June 26, 1845. 
IX. Diana, b. Nov. 12, 1826; m. Charles Fiilley. 
X. Amos, b. June 18, 1829; m. Dec. 22, 1861, Lucy E. Howard. 
Ch. : (1) Eugene W. 7 , b. Dec. 31, 1862; d. young. (2) Laura 
K. J., b. Sept. 30, 1865 ; m. Joseph St. John. (3) Carrie H., 
b. June 13, 1870. 

32. 

WiLLiAM 5 SEVER Y or SAVERY (Thomas*, John*, Joseph 2 , 
John 1 ), was born March 3, 1802 ; married Polly Tuttle, who 



196 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 

died Aug. 18, 1858, in the fifty-eighth year of her age. He 

died Dec. 13, 1864. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Eliza Ann 6 , b. Dec. 1, 1823; m. Peter J. M. Powell; d. Oct. 23, 

1881. 

II. Charlotte, b. Sept. 30, 1826 ; m. Joel Newton. 
65 III. William Franklin, b. Nov. 12, 1834. 



33. 

MARSHALL 5 SEVER Y (Reuben*, Benjamin 3 , Joseph 2 , John 1 ), 
was born at Uxbridge, Mass., March 13, 1779 ; settled at Wel- 
lington and died there. 'He married Chloe . 

CHILDREN. 

I. Elias 6 , b. Aug. 4, 1803; only child; in. and had children, some 
b. in Union, Conn., some in Chaplin: (1) Eunice Emeline 7 , 
b. May 24, 1825 ; in. Studley, of Warren, Mass. (2) Wil- 
liam Clark, b. March 25, 1829; d. March 11, 1830. (3) Mar- 
tha A., b. July 10, 1846; m. South worth. (4) Elvira. 

(5) Henry, a promising young man who d. just after 
completing his preparation for the ministry. Elvira 7 m. 
Freeman Severy, son of Levi 6 , below. Elias finally re- 
moved to Warren, Mass. 

34. 

HERMAN 5 or HEMAX SEVERY (Reuben*, Benjamin*, Joseph**, 
John 1 ), was born at Uxbridge, Mass., June 22, 1782 ; and 
removed to Union, Conn., where he died. He married Je- 
mima - I am not sure whether Herman or Heman was the 
name, nor as to the date of his death. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Levi 6 , b. March 15, 1804. By wife Sophia had ch. : (1) Har- 
riet 7 , b. March 25, 1829; (2) Betsy, m. Sheldon; 

(3) Freeman, m. Elvira 7 , daughter of Elias 6 Severy, above; 

(4) Miranda; (5) George. 
66 II. Elijah, b. March 17, 1806. 

III. Lucy, b. July 12, 1808; m. Mr. Corbin, and lives with son 

Windsor 7 Corbin at Dudley, Mass. A daughter, Mrs. Silvia 7 
Marsh, lives at Webster, Mass. 

IV. Harriet, b. Jan. 17, 1810; d. in infancy. 
V. Reuben, b. March 5, 1812. 

VI. Fanny, b. Oct. 13, 1816; d. in infancy. 



THE SEVER Y AND SAVER Y FAMILY. 197 

35. 

JACOB 5 SEVERY (Moody^, Jacob*, Joseph 2 , John 1 }, was born Feb. 
3, 1795, at Button; and married, 1st, Jan. 25, 1819, Rebecca 
Stevens, of Charlton, Mass. ; and, like his uncles Aaron, Asa, 
Archibald, and Samuel, settled in Dixfield, Me. ; she died Feb. 
11, 1832; and he married, 2d, Oct. 28, 1832, Mary Walker, of 
Milton, Me. He died at Mt. Vernon, Me., Aug. 15, 1877. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 
67 I. Dexter 6 , b. March 2, 1820. 

II. Satira, b. June 16, 1822 ; m. Henry J. Dakiii, of Jay, Me. ; set- 
tled in Millbury, Mass. ; d. April 27, 1871 ; 110 children. 

III. Hiram, b. Aug. 15, 1826; m. Jane E. Wallace, of Illinois; no 

children; lives at Aurora, 111. 

IV. John Moody, b. Xov. 4, 1829; m. Sarah Hubbard, of Dixfield; 

settled in Illinois; one child, Frances E. 7 ; lives at Sand- 
wich, 111. 
By second wife : 

V. Charles Harrison, b. Feb. 16, 1838; d. Jan. 25, 1839. 
VI. Charles Henry, b. May 26, 1840; m. Dec. 25, 1862, Anna C. 
Morse, of Dixfield; settled in Mt. Vernon, Me. Ch. : (1) 
Fred. W. 7 , b. Feb. 6, 1864; (2) Lena \V., b. Dec. 12, 1867; 
(3) Morris H. 

VII. Frances Helena, b. Jan. 6, 1842 ; m. Valorous White, of Jay, Me. 
VIII. Marshall Harrison, b. Oct. 16, 1845; m. Oct. 5, 1868, Clara A. 
Eastman, of Danforth, 111. ; settled in Oilman, 111. Ch. : 
(1) Cora Belle 7 , b. Sept, 7, 1869. 



36. 

WiLLiAM 5 SEVERY (J.sa 4 , Jacob*, Joseph*, John 1 ), was born at 
Dixfield, -Me., April 20, 1809 ; married June 25, 1834, Hester 
Ann Blake, of Phillips, Me., who was born Oct. 5, 1868. 
Removed to Farmington in 1863. She died Sept. 22, 1881; 
he died Feb. 24, 1873. 

CHILDREN. 
68 I. James B. 6 , b. June 29, 1840. 

37. 

AARON 5 SEVERY ( Aaron 4 , Jacob*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born at 
Dixfield, Me., March 6, 1801; married, 1st, at Dixfield, April 



198 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 

27, 1823, Hannah Eustis, who was born at Chelsea, Mass., 
March 14, 1802, and died March 30, 1833 ; 2d, at Wilton, 
Oct. 16, 1833, Anna Colburn, who was born at Tamworth, 
N. H., May 27, 1811, and died at Dixfield, Feb. 18, 1885; he 

died Dec. 30, 1863. 

CHILDREN. 

By first wife : 

I. Leonora 6 , b. Jsin. 9, 1824; d. May 5, 1844. 
II. Minerva, b. April 23, 1825. 

III. Orlando, b. April 6, 1827. 

IV. Byron, b. April 29, 1830; d. July 24, 1830. 
V. Mary, b. Nov. 5, 1831. 

By second wife : 

VI. Wallace F., b. Nov. 15, 1835. 
VII. Ransom, b. Aug. 30, 1837; d. at Stratford, N. H., April 24, 

1855. 

VIII. Charles A., b. Aug. 29, 1S39. 
IX. William II. II., b. Feb. '2Z, 1841. 

X. Leonora, b. Sept. 16, 1843 ;'m. in Boston, and d. Dec. 4, 1876. 

XI. Clarence H., b. July 9, 1845; m. January, 1867, at Carthage, 

Me., Mahala Tucker. 

XII. Lucy A., b. July 27, 1848; ra. Sept. 7, 1864, John Casey; d. 
Aug. 8, 1874. 

38. 

CHARLOTTE 5 SEVERY (Aaron*, Jacob 3 , Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was 
born at Dixfield, April 23, 1805 ; and married Jan. 2, 1827, 
Rev. Waldron Morse, Jr. ; and died May 5, 1892. He was born 
Jan. 27, 1803 ; died Jan. 18, 1878. 

CHILDREN. 
I. Koxana", b. June 1,1828; m. Daniel Safford ; d. June 4,1890. 

II. Lucy Ann, b. Aug. 11 , 1829 ; d. May 15, 1849. 

III. Miriam, b. May 16, 1831; m. Gilbert Allen, Milton, Me. 

IV. Hannah, b. March 26, 1833 ; m. Ira Russell, of Lewiston, Me. 
V. Silas Curtis, b. March 30, 1835; m. 1st, Abbie Maxwell; 

2d, July Casey. Is postmaster at South Carthage. 

VI. Lorena, b. Jan. 10, 1837; m. Dwinall. 

VII. Philona, b. Jan. 27, 1803; m. Potter; d. Jan. 21, 1864. 

VIII. Abbie C., b. April 14, 1848. Was for several years one of the 
superintending school committee of Carthage, Me. 

39. 

POLLY 5 SEVERY (Aaron*, Jacob 3 , Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born 



THE SEVER Y AND S AVERT FAMILY. 199 

May 3, 1807 ; and married March 31, 1837, Herman Holt; and 
died Dec. 19, 1887. He died Aug. 10, 1868. They were 
among the founders of the Freewill Baptist church at Weld, 
Me., where they resided. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Hannah E. 6 , b. March 20, 1839; d. Nov. 14, 1864. 
IT. Annie D., b. Qct. 6, 1843. ANNIE D. 6 m. Oct. 13, 1868, 
FRANK P. BAKER. Ch. : (1) Frank H. 7 , b. Dec. 4, 1869. 
(2) Fred H., b. Jan. 2, 1873; d. Sept. 2, 1873. 

4O. 

SiLAS 5 SEVERY (Aarotf, Jacob 3 , Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born at 
Dixfield, Nov. 23, 1808 ; married, 1st, June 14, 1832, Lucinda 
M. Walker, of Wilton, Me., who died Nov. 14, 1835 ; 2d, 
April 6, 1837, Betsy P. Gould, of the same place, who died 
Dec. 7, 1856 ; 3d, Aug. 12, 1857, Clara Holt, who survived him 
till Dec. 12, 1886. He died at Monson, Mass., June 26, 1885. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 

I. Melissa 6 , b. April 28, 1834; m. 1st, March 21, 1852, George Gor- 
don Byron Adams, who d. Oct. 27, 1865. Ch. : (1) Edgar 
Silas 7 , b. June 11, 1854; d. Feb. 1, 1855; (2) Walter Scott, b. 
April 25, 1855 ; (3) Ida Jessie, b. Feb. 7, 1857 ; (4) Lester 
Wiufield, b. Sept. 25, 1859; (5) Nellie Adeste, b. Sept. 8, 
1861; all m. 2nd, March 31, 1870, Harvey Kenney; no 
ch. 

By second wife : 

II. Benjamin Franklin, b. April 15, 1839; m. Xov. 6, 1860, Fanny 
E. Cross. Ch. : (1) George Lester 7 , b. May 5. 1862 ; (2) Mary 
Betsy, b. Nov. 26, 1867; (3) James Enoch, b. Jan. 8,1885. 

III. George Mellin, b. June 22, 1842; m. Oct. 24, 1866, Martha M. 

Pease. Ch. : (1) William Gould 7 , b. May 27, 1867; (2) Edith 
Louise, b. March 31, 1869; (3) Frank Edwin, b. Dec. 5, 
1871 ; (4) Arthur Mellin, b. July 9, 1878. He resides at 
Monsou, Mass. 

IV. Elizabeth Ann, b. Oct. 14. 1846; d. Sept. 15, 1874. 

V. Julia Gould, b. Dec. 18, 1848 ; m. Oct. 30. 1880, William Wallace 
Gleason. Ch. : (1) Frank Hubbard 7 , b. Dec. 28, 1881 ; re- 
sides at Cheyenne, X. Y. 
By third wife : 
VI. Everett Holt, b. June 9, 1859. EVERETT H. 6 SEVERY resides 

and carries on business at Lytfn, Mass. 
VII. Clara Belle, b. Oct. 16, 1864; d. Oct. 21, 1S86. 



200 THE SEVERY AND S A VERY FAMILY. 

41. 

JOHN T. 5 SEVERY (Aaron*, Jacob*, Joseph 1 , John 1 ), was born 
at Dixfield, Me., Aug. 28, 1814 ; married Mary P. Gould, of 
Wilton, Me. Lived at Dixfield, but died in Springfield, Mass., 
Dec. 5, 1887. She died in Dixfield in 1865. He held many 
offices in Dixfield, selectman, deputy sheriff of Oxford and 
Franklin Counties, etc. 

CHILDREN. 
I. Emery F. 6 , b. December, 1843; now living in Boston; m. and 

has one dau. 

II. James E., b. May 15, 1845. JAMES E. 6 SEVERY m. December, 
1870, Mary L. Newman, of Baugor, Me. Resides at Spring- 
field, Mass. No ch. 

III. Helen J., b. Dec. 25, 1847; m. Isaac Hancock; lives in "Boston, 

Ch. : Two sons. 

IV. Lucy A. A., b. 1849; m. W. H. Boulter; lives in West Buxton, 

Me. Ch. : Two sons and one daughter living. 
V. John E., b. June, 1852. 

Besides two daughters who d. young. 

42. 

CLARIXDA P. 5 SEVERY (Aaron*, Jacotf, Joseph, John 1 ), was 
born June 14, 1820; and married Aug. 13, 1840, Frederic 
P. Butterfield, of Wilton, Me. She died May 26, 1892. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Celestia L. 6 , b. Sept. 3, 1841 ; d. April 10, 1863. 
II. Clara K., b. July 25, 1845 ; d. Sept. 22, 1848. 

III. Frederic H., b. July 25, 1850; m. July 4, 1874, Nanna M. 

Rollins, of Hopkintou, N. H. ; is supervisor of music in the 
public schools, New Bedford, Mass. Ch. : (1) Walter H. 7 , 
b. Dec. 9, 1875; (2) George, b. Nov. 8, 1886. 

IV. Gideon P., b. Nov. 29, 1852 ; m. Nov. 26, 1874, Mabel J. Smith, 

of Dixfield, Me., and is postmaster of Dixfield. Ch. : 
(1) Celestia M. 7 , b. June 2, 1875. (2) Charles A., b. Aug. 
21, 1876. (3) Lillian, b. Feb. 8, 1880. (4) Ethel, b. Dec. 3, 
1881. (5) Fred, b. Feb. 16, 1885 ; d. May 20, 1885. 
V. Clara E., b. Jan. 16, 1856. 
VI. Edith A., b. Nov. 29, 1860. 

43. 

CYRUS M. 5 SEVERY (Aaron 4 , ' JacoW, Joseph 2 , John 1 }, was 
born at Dixfield, Oct. 28, 1831 ; married Feb. 22, 1857, Delona 




UEV. GEORGE W. SAVORY. 



THE SEVERY AND S A VERY FAMILY. 201 

Eastman, of Canton, Me., who died 'Oct. 19, 1878 ; he settled 
in Danforth, 111., and removed afterwards to Glenada, Ore., 
where, I believe, he now lives, the last surviving son of Aaron 
Severy, Sr., of Dixfield. His wife died Oct. 19, 1878. 



CHILDREN. 



I. Ernest 6 , b. Nov. 29, 1859. ERNEST SEVERY is un attorney and 

couusellor-at-law in Chicago. 
II. Walter, h. Aug. IS, 1861 ; d. May 4, 1805. 

III. Lettie Butterfield, b. Feb. 10, 1865. 

IV. Drew, b. Aug. 16. 1868. 
V. Delona, h. Sept. 23, 1873. 



44. 

MosES 5 SEVERY (Archibald 4 , Jacob*, Joseph*, John 1 ), was born 
April 10, 1823; married Margaret J. Baxter, of Boston, Mass., 
and lives in Stockton, Cal. Real-estate agent. 

CHILDREN. 

Besides several deceased. 
I. Fred Albert 6 . 
II. Frank Warren. 

III. Annie L. 

IV. Will. 

45. 

SOLOMON 5 SEVERY (Archibald*, Jacob*, Joseph-, John 1 ), was 
born Jan. 3, 1825 ; m. Oct. 19,1850, Carrie P. Babb. Now liv- 
ing at Boston, Mass. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Elmer A. 6 , b. April 10, 1852 ; d. Feb. 14, 1872. 

II. Clarence E., b. Oct. 14, 1853; d. Nov. 27, 1867. 

III. Henry F., b. April 30, 1855; d. Sept. 6, 1858. 

IV. Leon F., b. March 7, 1860 ; m. Feb. 22, 1888, Georgie Annie Hix- 

son, of Boston. Ch. : (1) Vera 6 , b. Dec. 10, 1889 ; d. same 
day. (2) Leila Pen-in, b. March 14, 1891. 
V. Lillian V., b. July 11, 1861. 

VI. Melvin L., b. Aug. 5, 1863 ; m. November, 1884, Mina Howard. 
Ch. : (1) Enid May 7 , b. July 6, 1887 ; (2) a son, b. March 12, 
1890. 



202 THE SEVER Y AND SAVEKY FAMILY. 

SIXTH GENERATION. 

46. 

DANIEL 6 S A VERY (Daniel 5 , John*, John*, John 2 , John 1 ), of 
Middleboro, was born Jan. 22, 1797 ; married, 1st, Sept. 19, 
1824, Elizabeth Vaughan, who died Nov. 13, 1825; 2d, Jan. 
9, 1832, Lydia Morton. He died Feb. 2, 1869. 

CHILDREN. 
By first wife : 
I. Elizabeth 7 , b. July 9, 1825. 

By second wife : 

II. Priscilla Morton, b. Dec. 4, 1833 ; d. Dec. 26, 1833. 
III. Daniel Morton, b. May 16, 1839. DANIEL MORTON 5 SAVERY 
m. Dec. 30, 1860, Rosetta Y. Wood, of New Bedford, 
'Mass. ; now lives in Xevv York City. No ch. 

47. 

PEREGRINE WHITE 6 SAVERY (Daniel?, John*, John 3 , John 2 , 
-/0/m 1 ), was born Oct. 6, 1803 ; married Mary Drew Cobb, 
daughter of Ebenezer Cobb ; lived on the old"Savery farm" 
at Middleboro: and died Jan. 8, 1881. She died Oct. 28, 
1881, aged 76 years and 11 months. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Mary Drew 7 , b. July 7, 1835; m. Sept. 3, 1871, Nathan B. 
Maxim. Ch. : (1) Ernest D. 8 ;d. in infancy. (2) Phoebe 
A., b. Nov. 10, 1875. 

II. Phoebe Ann, b. Oct. 10, 1837; d. unm. Aug. 28, 1870. 
III. Luther Wright, b. Dec. 31, 1839; m. Sept. 28. 1881, Alice 
I. Churchill, daughter of James and Rebecca Churchill, of 
Carver; d. Oct. 25,1886. 
69 IV. Albert T., b. March 16, 1842. 



48. 

THOMAS 6 SAVERY (Nehemiatf, John 4 , John*, John 2 , John 1 ), 
was born Dec. 24, 1796; married April 22, 1821, Penelope, 
daughter of John Swift. He died 1856 ; she died March 
28, 1876, aged 75. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Everett Williams 7 , b. April 12, 1822; unm. 
70 II Albert Allen, b. July 28, 1824. 



THE SEVER Y AND SAVERY FAMIL1. 203 

III. Harriet Richmond, b. Aug. 28, 1830; m. Rowland. 

IV. Eliza Jane, I). Dec. 26, 1835. 

49. 

NEHEMIAH 6 SAVERY (Nehemiatf, John*, John*, John 2 , John 1 ), 
was born May 11,' 1797; married Oct. 20, 1841, Phoebe C., 
daughter of William Stephens, who died May 30, 1876, aged 
63 years 2 months 28 days. He died May 22, 1877. 

CHILDREN. 
I. Nehemiah Lewis 7 , b. July 17, 1842; m. Dec. 25, 1867, Welthea 

E. Cobh; one son, Charles Lewis 7 , b. Oct. 15, 1868. 

II. Sarah C., b. Oct. 24, 1843 ; m. Dec. 10, 1874, Edw. J. Thompson. 

III. Esther S., b. 1847; m. May 1, 1871, Alex. J. Harriett. 

IV. Irene F., b. July 4, 1848 ; m. March 8, 1869, William F. Peterson. 
V. Mary S., b. July 8, 1850; d. Nov. 15, 1856. 

VI. John, b. Nov. 8, 1852; d. Feb. 7, 1853. 
VII. James E., b. May 24, 1854. 
VIII. Emeline, b. Aug. 29, 1855 ; d. July 14, same year. 

50. 

WiNSOR 6 SAVERY (Nehemiah^, John 4 , Jolin\ John-, John 1 ), 
was born Sept, 10, 1801 ; married Aug. 29, 1836, Fannie G., 
widow of Thomas 7 Savery (Thomas 6 , William 5 , Thomas 4 , 
Thomas 3 , Samuel' 2 , Thomas 1 ), maiden name Smith ; died April, 

1874. 

CHILDREN. 
I. Winsor Thomas 7 , b. Feb. 2, 1845; m. March 8, 1869, Alinira 

F. Cobb. Has one son, Robert Windsor 8 , b. June 10, 1871. 
II. Sarah Cornish, b. April 19, 1848; m. November, 1866, Elisha 

T. Nelson, and had one child, Elisha T. 8 , b. Dec. 30, 1869; 
d. Jan. 1, 1870. She d. May 14, 1871. 



51. 

WALTER C. 6 SAVORY (Ira?, Joseph*, Thomaz\ John 2 , John 1 ), 
was born July 18, 1808, in Marcellus, Onondaga County, New 
York ; married Minerva Baker, of Mill Creek, Tioga County, 
Penn., who was born Oct. 3, 1818. Now living at Beaver Dam, 

Schuyler County, N. Y. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Susan 7 , b. at Port Creek, Chemung County, New York. 
II. George. 



204 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 

III. Ira. b. Aug. 24. 1843, at Hornby, Steubeu County, New York; 

in. Jan. 1, 1866, Cynthia A. Sickles, of Orange, Schuyler 
County. 

IV. Emma. 
V. Annie. 

52. 

WARREN W. SAVORY (Ircf\ Joseph*, Thomas*, John*, John 1 ), 
was born in 1812; and married about 1843, Miss Fidelia 
Perego. Lived for a while in Elgin, in 1889 in Joliet, 111., and 
now, I think, in Missouri. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Mary K. 7 , b. about 1845; in. George C. Grant. 
II. Hattie C., b. about 1846; m. John Bouham. 

III. Willard W. 

IV. Walter M., b. about 1854. 
V. Lulu 15., b. about 1864. 

53. 

WILBUR W." SAVORY (Ira 5 , "Joseph*, Thomas 9 , John-, John 1 ), 
was born at Catlin, Steuben County, New York; married, 1st, 
Rachel Baker, who died July 14, 1852 ; he married, 2d, Aug. 
10, 1858, Delphene Laurette, who was born Aug. 10, 1840, 
daughter of Keuel 7 Cogswell and Eliza Mead, descended from 
John 1 Cogswell, the ancestor of the distinguished family of 
Cogswell of the United States and Nova Scotia, through Wil- 
liam' 2 , William 3 , Edward 4 , Samuel 5 , Edward 6 . (See Cogswell 
Genealogy.) 

CHILDREN. 

I. Fidelia 7 , b. Xov. 11, 1841 ; d. March 11, 1851. 

II. Frank, b. June 1, 1843; d. March 21, 1869, from a disease con- 

tracted in the army, having been with Gen. Sherman in 
his great march through Georgia. 

III. Charles, b. Jan. 21, 1846. 

IV. Man- Ann, b. Nov. 21, 1848. 

V. Cornelia, b. Aug. 20, 1851 ; m. James Whitford. Ch. : (1) Dil- 
lie; (2) Celia. 

54. 

WASHINGTON P. 6 SAVORY (7m 5 , Joseph 4 , Thomas*, John 2 , 
John 1 }, was born in the town of Camelin, Jan. 6, 1822 ; married 






THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 

1843, Sarah Caff man, of Dryden, Tompkins County, New 
York, who was born Aug. 15, 1818, and lives at Kendall Sta- 
tion, Chemung County, New York. 

CHILDREN. 
I. Francis A. 7 , b. April 6, 1847 ; m. A. C. Place. Ch. : (1) Blanche 

M. s ,b. July 25,1871. 

II. Marvin L., b. April 30, ISoO; in. Feb. 18, 1882, Lillian B. Little- 
hale. Ch. : (1) Edwin Victor. 

III. Adra O., b. Aug. 19, 1854; m. 1870, B. F. Mead, a native of 

Port Dover, Norfolk County, Canada West. Ch. : (1) Myrtie 
Belle, b. July 15, 1871 ; d. Oct. 11, 1871. (2) William A., b. 
Feb. 9, 1873; (3) Mary E., b. July 8, 1876; (4) Frank, b. 
April 9. 1878; (5) Alpha D., b. Nov. 11, 1880, at Buffalo. 

IV. Rosealtha D., b. Jan. 2, 1856*; m. 1871, William H. Christian, 

who was born in 1848. Ch. : (1) Lowell V. 8 , b. Oct. 3, 1873 ; 
(2) Maude E., b. Feb. 3, 1875; (3) Grace M., b. Jan. 9. 1878; 
(4) Lillian B., b. June 22, 1881. 



55. 

STEPHEN 6 SAVARY (Joseph Emerson\ Joseph*, Joseph\ Joseph-, 
John 1 ), was born Aug. 30, 1791; and married (intentions pub- 
lished Oct. 5, 1816) Daphne Hall, who was born June 23, 1800. 
By the advice of his preceptor in the Lancaster Academy, 
where he was educated, he was led to change the spelling of 
the name to Savary. He died July 29, 1868 ; and his widow 
followed him July 30, 1883. The sketch of the life, times, and 
character of this lady by her son John is a most interesting 
paper, and deserves perpetual preservation by her descend- 
ants. She was of the " best type " of the New England matron 
of a past generation, belonging to " that great army of brave 
and silent workers who made the New England of to-day." 

CHILDREN. 
I. Nancy 7 , b. June 16, 1817 ; m. S. Baker ; had three sons, of whom 

two survive : Henry 8 and George. 

II. Louisa, b. March 27, 1820; m. Jan. 1, J844, George Darling. 
Ch. : (1) Jacob W. 8 , b. Oct. 8, 1844; d. ; (2) Eugene, b. 
March 29, 1846. (3) Jerome A., b. May 24, 1848. (4) Ruth 
M., b. Feb. 26,1850; d. 1876., 

* There is some uncertainty about this date. 



206 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 

HI. Miriam Stone, b. April 15,1823; m. November, 1842, Sanford 
A. Inmari, of Burrillville, E. I. ; d. Jan. 7, 1859. 

71 IV. Stephen Augustus, b. Oct. 19, 1825. 

V. Joseph Emerson, b. April 17, 1827. JOSEPH E. 7 SAVARY m. 
October, 1882, LydiaJ., dau. of Jonathan Ross, of Effington, 
X. H., widow of Benjamin Stillings; has lived in Palmyra, 
X. Y., and a long time in California at the time of the gold- 
mining pioneers; now and for some time in Boston in 
railroad business. Xo children. 

72 VI. John, b. Xov. 4, 1832. 



56. 

JONATHAN M. 6 SAVORY (Jonathan?, Jonathan*, Joseph*, 
Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born Oct. 7, 1824; married Oct. 25, 1854, 
Olivia Sleeper. Lived at Searsport, Me., where he died, highly 
respected, Oct. 25, 1891, " after a long and lingering illness." 

CHILDREN. 

I. Mary G. 7 , b. Sept. 13, 1S55*. 
II. Fred. M., b. Feb. 7, 1857; m. Oct. 25, 1879, Etta Piper. 

III. Edwin L., b. Dec. 10, 1861; rn. D^c. 16, 1882, Caddie Mason. 

Ch. : (1) Maude E. 8 , b. Jan. 14, 1885; (2) Hervey H., b. 
March 28, 1889. 

IV. Janes, b. March 15, 1863; m. Sept. 20, 1885, Elden Harriman. 

Ch. : (1) Olivia s , b. Oct. 20, 1887. 



57. 

JONATHAN 6 SAVORY (David b , Jonathan 4 , Joseph*, Joseph*, 
John 1 ), was born Feb. 18, 1818; and married at Westfield, 
Mass., Dec. 31, 1848, Miss Almeda C. Morrison. Resides at 
Colon, Mich. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Ida S. 7 , b. April 12, 1850 ; d. 1853. 
II. Belle J., b. July 7, 1852. 

III. David W., b. Feb. 7, 1854. DAVID W. 7 SAVORY married Miss 

Frank Sprague, of Cedar Springs, Mich., and has ch. : 
(1) Vertie M. 8 ; (2) JohnO.; (3) Jennie C. ; (4) Leona. 

IV. Charles P., b. Xov. 24, 1867.* 
V. Flora M., b. Feb. 8, 1870.* 

* There may be an error in these dates; 1857 and 18(50 seem more provable. 



THE SEVERY AND SAYERY FAMILY. 207 

58. 

OLIVER A. 6 SAVORY (David 5 , Jonathan 4 , Joseph Joseph-, 
John 1 ), born in 1824, lives at Manchester, Chesterfield County, 
Va , and has 

CHILDREN. 

I. Orvis W. 7 , b. Sept. 4, 1851. 

II. Edgar A., b. Dec. 15, 1853. 

III. Sarah L., b. Feb. 5, 1856. 

IV. Ida B., b. Aug. 16, 1858 ; d. Dee. 17, 1S64. 

V. Winfleld C., b. July 25, 1861 ; d. Dee. 6, 1860. 

VI. Mary Frances, b. April 3, 1864. 

VII. Walter Lee, b. Dec. 13, 1866. 

VIII. Nolan C., b. March 18, 1867. 

IX. Ethel F., b. Xov. 12, 1872. 

59. 

GEORGE W. 6 SAVORY (David*, Jonathan 4 , Joseptf, Joseph 2 , 
John 1 ), was born Aug. 5, 1839 ; and married Flora Blanche, of 
Barre, Vt., and lives at Williamstown, Vt. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Leslie G. 7 , b. Aug. 12, 1869. 
II. Willie L., b. May 12. 1872; d. Sept. 16, 1876. 

III. Mabel T., b. Nov. 4, 1876. 

IV. Mary B., b. May 15, 1879. 

V. Vernon B., b. Sept. 17, 1882. 



60. 

AARON A. c SAVERY (Ephraim\ Jonathan*, Joseph*, Joseph 2 , 
John 1 ), was born June 2, 1829. Lived at Clarendon Springs, 
Vt., till 1859, when he removed to Topeka, Kansas, but re- 
turned to Vermont. Married April 14, 1861, Almira P. 
Cheney. He served in the llth Vermont Volunteers during 
the Civil War, and was honorably discharged Aug. 25, 1865. 
Then settled first at Rutland, then moved to Danby, and finally 
to Proctor, Vt., where he died March 10, 1892. His wife died 
at Danby, July 13, 1889. 

CHILDREN. 
I. Helen C. 7 , b. Aug. 19, 1866; d. September, 1867. 



208 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 

II. Franklin A., b. July 11, 1868. FRANKLIN A. 7 SAVERY resides 
and carries on business at Centre Rutland, Vt. ; m. May 
19, 1891, Harriet M. Gee. 
III. Martha A., b. Sept. 25, 1871. 

61. 

WILLIAM JONATHAN 6 SAVERY (Ephramf, Jonathan*, Jo- 
seph*, Joseph' 2 , John 1 ), was born Sept. 4, 1833 ; and married 
Sept. 22, 1859, Margaret A. Harrison. Resides at Cuttings- 

ville, Vt. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Xancy E. 7 , b. June 28, 1861 ; m. April 24, 1877, Levi J. Taylor. 
II. Jennie B., b. March 11, 1863; m. May 30, 1887, Winslow K. 
Eddy. 

III. Lillic M., b. Aug. 18, 1865 ; d. April 4, 1866. 

IV. Belle C., b. Feb. 25, 1867. 

V. William II., b. April 18, 1869. 

VI. Martha L., b. Oct. 1, 1871. 

VII. Emma C., b. June 30, 1875. 

VIII. Bertha B., b. July 7, 1877; d. Jan. 31, 1879. 

IX. Harrison B., b. Aug. 4, 1883. 

62. 

GEORGE W. 6 SAVERY (Ephraim*, Jonathan*, Joseph?, Joseph 2 , 
J0W),* was born May 24, 1835 ; anc l married Nov. 26, 1860, 
Diana L. Pratt. Resides at Wallingford, Vt. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Mary M. 7 , b. Xov. 19, 1861 ; m. May 12, 1886, Sheridan E. Cong 

don. Ch. : (1) Harold W. 8 , b. Oct. 21, 1889. 

II. John H., b. Sept. 1, 1863 ; m. Aug. 26, 1882, EmmaL. Patterson. 
Ch. : (1) George H. 8 , b. July 12, 1886. JOHN H. 7 SAVERY 
resides at Cambridge, N. Y. 

III. Herbert G. , b. July 25, 1865. HERBERT G. 7 SAVERY resides at 

Wallingford. 

IV. Luella L., b. Aug. 17, 1867 ; d. Dec. 21, 1870. 



63. 

JEHIEL 6 SEVERY (Harvey b , Thomas*, John 8 , Joseph 2 , John 1 ), 
was born Aug. 17, 1811 ; married 1853, Eliza Field; and died 
April 23, 1870. 



THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 209 

CHILDREN. 

I. Frank B. 7 , b. Nov. 8, 1854. 
II. Maggie E.. b. June 6, 1856. 

III. Martha N., b. Aug . 14, 1858 ; d. Jan. 26, 1862. 

64. 

WILLIAM 6 SEVERY or SAVERY (Harvetf*, Thomas*, John 3 , 
Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born May 1, 1822; and married Jan. 24, 
1847, Eliza Wetmore. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Orrel 7 , b. April 3, 1848; m. 1st, Oct. 21, 1869, Lydia Shedd, 
who d. June, 1881. Ch. : (1) Emma O. 8 , b. April 5,1876: 
m. 2d, Aug. 30, 1881, Ida M. Churchill. Ch. : (2) Walter, b. 
Oct. 1, 1882; (3) Balph, b. May 2, 1886. 

II. Leslie, b. Jan. 10, 1850; m. March 11, 1874, Olive Gilbert. Ch. : 
(1) Myrtle 8 , b. Aug. 15, 1877 ; (2) Harold, b. March 6, 1885 ; 
III. Maria, b. Aug. 26, 1851 ; m. Sept. 29, 1869, N. S. Capen. 

IV. George, b. Nov. 26, 1853 ; m. Dec. 24, 1876, Aggie Baker. Ch. : 

(1) Lewis W. 8 , b. Dec. 22, 1877; (2) Bessie F., b. June 

3, 1881; (3) Elva G., b. May 4, 1885; (4) Hazel, b. Aug. 

4, 1888. 

V. Joseph, b. Aug. 26. 1855. 

VI. Ida. b. July 24, 1857; m. Sept. 17, 1879, Ford Capen. 

VII. Judson, b. Jan. 15, 1859; m. Jan. 5, 1885, Linnie Wheeler. 

VIII. Eva, b. May 19, 1861 ; m. May 30, 1879, Herbert Baker. 

IX. Addie, b. Jan. 5, 1863 ; m. Nov. 20, 1888, Thomas W. Wood. 

X. Harry, b. Jan. 28, 1864; d. Sept. 18, 1865. 

XI. William, b. Dec. 4, 1866. 

XII. Bertha, b. Aug. 3, 1870; m. Nov. 28, 1888, Lewis Mason. 



65. 

WILLIAM FRANKLIN^ SAVERY ( William*, Thomas 4 , Johri\ 
Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born Nov. 12, 1834 ; married Sept. 8, 1853, 
Fanny R. Kingsley ; died Nov. 16, 1885. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Ernest A. 7 , b. Dec, 26, 1854; m. Dec. 29, 1880, Cora M. Thomas, 
who d. Dec. 14, 1886. Ch. : (1) Fred. 8 , b. Aug. 2, 1884; d. 
Dec. 13. 1886 : m. 2d, Hattie M. Sawyer. 
II. Florence E., b. June 19, 1857 ; m. Frank H. Welch. 



210 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 

III. Charles E., b. May 14, 1861. CHARLES E. 7 SAVERY m. April 

14, 1887, Edith M. Parker. Resides and carries on mercantile 
business in Brandon, Vt. 

IV. Chet K., b. June 28, 1869; m. May 12, 1891, Mary J. Parker. 

Ch. : (1) Marjorie A. 8 , b. March 27, 1892. 



60. 

ELIJAH 6 SEVERY (Herman* or Heman, Reuben*, Benjamin*, 
Joseph*, John 1 ), was born March 17, 1806 ; was a farmer; mar- 
ried Polly Lilley; died at Union, Conn., 1875. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Fidelia 7 , b. Dec. 4, 1829 ; living in Union, Conn. 

II. Fanny, b. Dec. 25, 1831 ; d. Feb. 10, 1878. 

III. Lucy, b. Dec. 29, 1835 ; d. in the West, leaving family. 

IV. Polly, b. July 5, 1839; m. and d. at Brim field, leaving three 

daughters. 

V. Elisha, b. Sept. 15, 1842 ; lives at Waterbury, Conn. ; m. in 

1863, Emily Snow, who was b. at West Woodstock. Ch. : 
(1) Ernest Elisha 8 , b. at Lebanon, Conn., 1870. (2) Clarence 
Lucius, b. at Waterbury, Conn., 1883. ERNEST ELISHA S 
SEVERY, Ph. B., graduated at Yale University, 1890, and is 
now Professor of Modern Languages at Pennington Semi- 
nary, Penuingtou, 1ST. J. 



67. 

DEXTER 6 SEVERY (Jacob*, Moody*, Jacob* , Joseph*, John 1 ), 
was born March 2, 1820, at East Dixfield, Me., and removed to 
Illinois, and now lives at Leland, La Salle County, in that 
State, engaged with his two sons in the business of stock- 
raising on an extensive scale ; the farm being at Victor, De 
Kalb County. He married Sept. 14, 1848, Susan C. Hanson, 
who was born Nov. 5, 1821, at Barnstead, L. C. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Amos Henry 7 , b. Oct. 7, 1851; m. and has one son, Frai 

Dexter 8 , b. May, 1878. 
II. Charles Allen, b. May 29, 1856; m. and has three ch. 
(l)EdnaM. 8 ; (2) Bessie M. ; (3) Fern. 



THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 211 

68. 

JAMES B. 6 SEVER Y ( William 5 , Asa\ Jacob*, Joseph-, John 1 ), was 
born at Dixfield, June 29, 1840 ; graduated M. D. ; married 
June 28, 1866, Emma A. Bass, of Boston, Mass. She died 
June 21, 1892. Abandoning the medical profession, he removed, 
in 1882, to Colorado Springs, Col., and now resides there, 
holding the office of judge of the county court of El Paso 
County. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Lena P. 7 , b. Nov. 24, 1867; d. Jan. 2, 1868. 
II. John William, b. July 4, 1871 ; d. March 26, 1874. 
III. Emma Genevieve, b. Aug. 1, 1873. 



f SEVENTH GENERATION. 

69. 
ALBERT T. 7 SAVERY (Peregrine IT. 6 , Daniel 5 , John 4 , John 3 , 
John 2 , John 1 ), of Middleboro, Mass., was born March 16, 
1842 ; married Feb. 22, 1865, Maria S., daughter of James and 
Rebecca Waterman, who was born Dec. 19, 1844. An active 
and public-spirited citizen, is a justice of the peace, and has 
been chairman of the selectmen and assessors of Middleboro, 
and a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Trueman C. 8 , b. Dec. 24, 1865. 
II. Horace H., b. July 2, 1867; d. Sept. 7, 1868. 
III. Charles A., b. Nov. 28, 1868; m. April 30, 1881, at Boston, 
Nina J. Falline. 



70. 

ALBERT ALLEN ? SAVERY (Thomas 6 , Nehemiatf, John 4 , John 3 , 
John 2 , John 1 ), was born July 28, 1824 ; married by Rev. Dr. 
Putnam, Jan. 26, 1846, Elizabeth, daughter of James and Eliz- 
abeth (Thomas) Shurtliffe, both of Carver, Mass. 

CHILDREN. 

I. Chester Forrest 8 , b. Sept. 9, 1848; m. Nov. 25, 1875, by Rev. 
Geo. G. Fairbanks, EllaE. F. Snow, of Canton, Mass., daugh- 



212 THE S EVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 

ter of Russell and Amelia Atwood Snow, whose mother's 
maiden name was Amelia Atwood Briggs, and who were 
born, the former in Sharon, the latter in Berkeley, Mass. 
CHESTER F. SAVERY lives at Taunton, Mass. 
II. Elizabeth A., b. March 10, 1853. 

III. Agnes T., b. May 30, 1856; m. May 26, 1875, Elbridge Hollo- 

way, son of Benjamin and Harriet (Cole) Holloway, of Mid- 
dleboro, and hail eh.: (1) Lillie Bernard 9 , b. Dec. 28, 1875; 
(2) Eva Agnes, b. Feb. 18, 1877 ; (3) Wendell Elbridge, b. 
May 20, 1878; all b. in Middleboro. 

IV. Laura Ann, b. July 13, 1862. 



71. 

STEPHEN AUGUSTUS 7 S A VARY (Stephen^, Joseph Emerson b , 
Joseph Joseph*, Joseph 1 , John 1 }, was born Oct. 19, 1825 ; mar- 
ried, 1st, Mary Eddy; 2d, Georgie Case. He resides in West 

Millburv, Mass. 

% 

CHILDREN. 
I. Wendell S;, b. 1870. 

72. 

JoHN 7 SAVARY (Stephen*', Joseph Emerson', Joseph*, Joseph*, 
Joseph 1 , John 1 ), was born in Auburn, Worcester County, Mass., 
Nov. 4, 1832; attended district school and worked on a 
farm till the age of seventeen ; entered Williams College 1851, 
graduated 1855 ; graduated from Harvard Divinity School, and 
licensed to preach as a Unitarian minister in autumn of 1860. 
War breaking out soon after his ordination, he joined the 
national army as a private with the promise of a chaplaincy ; 
served under Gen. Banks in New Orleans in 1862 and 1863, 
and was connected with the Sanitary Commission at the close of 
the war ; returning home, engaged for a while in the work of 
the ministry, but at length abandoned it, and has since been 
employed as an assistant in the library of Congress. Is a writer 
of felicity and power both in prose and poetry, author of 
memorial ode to President Garfield, etc. 




I 



^^ 



(In 1881. ) 



THUS do I lay a reverent wreath upon the graves of my ances- 
tors, and across those graves stretch forth a fraternal hand from 
under the folds of the British flag towards my kindred in the 
United States. Never, I pray, may a more hostile message 
cross our international boundary than that which I now send 
to you, or than those with which you have welcomed and 
cheered my efforts to elucidate our family history. Although 
we live under different governments, a mutual respect for each 
other's predilections and preferences ought surely to prevail 
among both peoples, so that the separation may be artificial 
only, while a union of heart and sentiment is cultivated and 
perpetuated. We have everything in common that is worthy of 
being prized as a national heritage, a common origin, the same 
high civilization, the same pure faith, and although under dif- 
ferent forms, the same freedom. Let no thought be entertained 
of a political change that will tend to further disintegrate the 
world- wide family from which we all spring, and which, if united 
in friendly ties, must be the dominant agent in preserving the 
peace and civilization of the world. It is a truism that the 
great founders and masters of our science and literature are 
yours as well as ours by right of a common inheritance ; and 
the venerable poet through whom New England vied with Old 
England in the grandeur of her song, and excelled her in the 
poetry of the affections, and whose statue has an honored place 
in the memorial hall of England's worthy dead, is ours as well 
as yours by virtue of the common language in which he clothed 
the sublime conceptions of his genius. 

" Peace, and no longer from its brazen portals 

The blast of war's great organ shakes the skies ; 
But, beautiful as songs of the immortals, 
The holy melodies of love arise." 



APPENDIXES. 



APPENDIX A. 



EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS. 



(Dates modernized and years adapted to old and new style.) 

From parish registers of Hannington, Wiltshire : 

1572. Bubert Savory was buried 25th July. 

Virgil Savory \vas christened the 6th October. 
1573-4. Richard Savory was christened 18th of March. 
1574. Thomas Savory (remainder illegible). 

1576. Elizabeth Savory was christened 23d May (or 8th). 
Elizabeth Savory was buried llth December (or 31st May). 
Thomas Savory was buried 7th November. 

1577. Thomas Savory and Mary Marshe were married the 28th No- 

vember. 

1578. Ales Savory was christened 7th September. 
1583. John Savory was buried 7th November. 

1585. William Savory was christened 28th November. 

Robert Savory and Margaret Savory were christened on the 
16th December (or November). 

Robert Savory was buried 23d December. 

Margaret Savory was buried 27th December. 
1586-7. William Savory was buried 2d January. 
1596-7. THOMAS SAVORY and Marie Woodrorke were married the 26th 

January. 

1507-8. John Savory was burecl 13th February. 
1598. ROBERT SAVORY buried 1st May. 

ROBERT SAVORY christened 14th May. 

1601-2. THOMAS SAVORY, the younger, baptized 4th March. 
1603-4. Thomas Savory baptized 8th February. (Thomas Savory, Sr., 

William Batson, Jr., godfathers.) 
1604-5. Thomas Savory buried 17th February. 
1605-6. ANTHONIE SAVORIE baptized 20th January. 
1606. JOHN SAVORY baptized. No date. 
1613. William Savorey buried 26th July.' 



218 APPENDIX A. 

1615. William Savorie was buried 24th April. 
Humphrey Savery buried 13th July. 
Richard Savory and Agnes Morrett were married the 13th 

February. 

1616-17. Humphrey, son of Robert Savory and Mary his wife, baptized 
5th (or 10th) January. 

1620. Thomas Savory and Sybell Gerring (or Gerrind) were married 

4th May. 

1621. Robert Marsh and Joan Savery were married 23d July. 

1627. Mary, daughter of Robert Savory and Susanna his wife, was 

baptized 1st August. 
1630. Robert, son of Robert Savory and Susanna his wife, baptized 

1st August. 

1636. Francis Simons and Mary Savery were married. 

1637. Elizabeth, the daughter of John Savery and Joane his wife, 

baptized 17th December. 
Thomas Savery was church-warden in this year. 

1644. Humphrey Savery buried 18th January. 

1645. Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Savery and Elizabeth his wife 

was baptized 14th June. , 

1649. Thomas, son of Thomas Savery and Elizabeth, baptized. 

1650. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Savary, was buried. 

Richard, son of Richard Savary and Dorothy, baptized 23d 
September. 

1654. Robert, sou of Richard Savory and Dorothy, baptized 15th 
January. 

1659. James, son of Richard Savory and Dorothy, baptized 5th No- 
vember. 

The vicar, Rev. Dr. Smeaton, to whose genial courtesy I am 
much indebted, writes me that besides the above, " the register 
is full of them," as godfathers, godmothers, church-wardens, 
etc. ; and that the neighboring parish of BLUNSDON always had 
a great many of the name. 



From registers of Lambourne, Berkshire, thirteen miles south- 
west from Hannington : 

1608. John Sauorie, of Up. Lamborne, buried 18th April. 

1609. Williii Sauorie, Up. Lamborne, buried 18th August. 

[Twenty-eight died of plague.] 

1614. John Sauory, of Upper Lamborne, buried 6th May. 
1616. Mary Sauory, widow, buried llth December. 






APPENDIX A. 219 

1656. Mary, the daughter of Peter and Joan Sauery, of Up. Lam- 

borne, baptized 29th November. 

1657. Wm., the son of Peeter and Joan Savery, Upl., christened 

13th December. 

1663. Jeane, the daughter of Peter and Joane Savery, of Up. Lam- 
borne, baptized 3d July. 

1668. Joan, the daughter of Peter and Joan Savery, baptized 10th 
December. 

1650. Francis Stiff and Alice Savery e married 20th April. 

1654. Peeter Savery and Joan Vize were married after three times 
publication, 20th August. 

1656-7. Mary, the daughter of Peeter Savory, of Up. Lamborne, buried 
llth January. 

1680. Joane, the wife of Peter Sauerey, 19th July. 

1708. Elizabeth, y e daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Savery. bap- 
tized 28th February. 



From registers of Broad Chalke County, Wilts : 

MARRIAGES. 

May 1, 1605. William Savery and Annie Randall. 
Jan. 25, 1612-13. Clement White and Annie Savery. 

BAPTISMS. 
Aug. 11, 1605. Sible, daughter of William Savery. 

BURIALS. 
Feb. 24, 1615-16. Sible Savery, daughter of William. 



Registers of Clyffe Pypard, county of Wilts, about eight 
miles from Hannington : 

Elizabeth, the daughter of Thomas Savory and Alice his wife, was bap- 
tized the twenty-seventh day of December, 1683. 

Oct. 25, 1685. Baptized Mary, daughter of Thomas and Alice Savory. 

NOTE. I have been unable to get anything from the registers ef the nearest parishes 
to Hannington, Blunsdon, Highworth, Stanton, Stratton, Marston, Cricklade, etc., 
in the first-named of which Saverys have been very numerous from time immemorial 
In many cases there are no records extant of so early a date. In others I failed to get 
reply to my inquiries. 

From probate registers, original spelling preserved : 
50 Lewin. " Robert Savorie, of Haningtori, Wilts, husbandman. 
To the reparation of the church at Sarum, /12. 



220 APPENDIX A. 

To the parish church of Haningtou, /12.' 

To the poor of Hauington, 12 bushels of barley. 

To my three brothers, Richard, THOMAS, and ANTHONIE, 40/ each. 

To Margaret Savery a cow ; also one other cow instead of the heifer 
which Alee, my mother, did bequeath her. 

To Agnes Pecock, 10.'. 

To Thomas Poole, Richard Richins, William Adams, and Richard the 
Shepperd, /12 each. 
. To THOMAS SAVORY MY SON all my free lands. 

Residue to Thomas my son and Joan my wife, they to be executors. 

William Harper and Walter Becket to be overseers. 

Signed X mark of Robert Savery. 

Witnesses, Walter Harper, Robert Marshe. 

Proved 17th May, 1598, by Joan Savery, the relict. 

991!mhl. 20th June, 1615. " Humphrie Savorie, of Hannington, Wilts, 
husbandman." 

Thomas Savorie, my eldest son, and Richard Savorie, my youngest son, to 
be executors. 

Thomas Willie and Alice Willie and^Elizabeth Willie, his daughters. 

Richard Matthew, of Sarney,* Gloucestershire, and his children, Richard, 
Johan, and Margerie. 

Thomas Mounke, William Fiie, Elizabeth Charter. 

Agnes Baker Agnes Savorie of Lushall. 

John Savorie of Farrington, Catherine Saverie, and Catherine Savorie, her 
sister (probably sister-in-law). 

Thomas Plumer and Richard Matthews, overseers. 

Witnesses, William Jones, clerk, John Plumer, Richard Mathews, 
Thomas Plumer. 

Proved 27th November, 1615, by Richard Savorie. 

25 Fenner. 1st May, 1610, " Robert Severy, of Wotton Courtney, Somer- 
setshire, yeoman." 
To be buried at Wotton Courtney. 
To William Severy, my son, 30. 
To Robert Severy, my son, 50. 
To Christian Severy, my daughter, 50. 
Johane, my servant. Children under age. 
Johane, my wife she great with child same to have 20. 
William Leigh, John Geiles, Henry Hoole, to be overseers. 
Signed X the mark of Robert Severy. 
Proved 7th March, 1611, by Joan Severy, the widow. 

The name here, I have no doubt, means Savery. Somerset 
lies Iretween Wilts and Devon. 

* i. e., Cerney. 



APPENDIX A. 221 

Between 1593 and 1660, I cannot give the several dates, 
administrations were granted on the estates of 

John Savory, of Uplambourue, Berkshire. 

Richard Savery, of Aston Keene, Wilts. 

Christopher Saffary, Bucklinton, parish of Keevil, Wilts, 1636-7. 

It has been suggested by some that Saffery and Savary were 
orignally the same name. Safrei I have found in the " Hundred 
Rolls," but am unable to judge whether it was a corruption of 
Savary and Savery, or an independent name. 

AMERICAN RECORDS. 

From town records of Newport, Rhode Island: 
1743. William Savery married Elizabeth Ashbrook. 
I cannot conjecture who this William was 

BARBADOES RECORDS. 

DEEDS. 

7th December, 1644, John Savery, planter, to Henry Miller and others 
(mentioned p. 133). 

This John was no doubt an immigrant ancestor, perhaps the 
one baptized at Hannington in 1606, coming over in company 
with a brother Anthony, also baptized there 16th of January, 
1604-5, and dying in 1682, as appears below. (See "additions 
and corrections," ante.) 

FROM PARISH REGISTERS. 

BAPTISMS. 

Parish of St. Philip : 

1665, Nov. 5. WILLIAM SAVERY, son of WILLIAM SAVERY. 
Parish of St. Joseph : 

1720, April 8. John Savery (parents not mentioned). 
1722-3, March 11. Samuel Savery (parents not mentioned). 
1723, Dec. 27. A daughter of Samuel Savery. 
1727, April 6. Francis Savery and John Savery, sous of Samuel 

Savery. 

1732-3, March 11. Joseph, son of Samuel and Ann Savery. 
1735-6, March . John, son of John and Mary Savory. (This John 
probably died soon. See baptism of another 
John below.) 

1735-6, May 24. All together: WILLIAM (son), and A7/.:w //,-//,, 
Margaret, Polly, and Susanna, daughters of 
John and Mary Savory. 



902 APPENDIX A. 

1739-40, March 9. Thomas and John, sons of John and Mary Savory. 
X. B. The names which I have italicized are reproduced in the family 
of the first William Savery, of Philadelphia, and in the same order. (See 
page 139.) 

MARRIAGES. 
Parish of St. John : 

1661-2, Feb. 10. Eliz. Savary to Alex. McCollin. 
Parish of St. Philip : 

1684-5, March 1. Eliza. Savary to Thomas Hill. 
Parish of St. James : 

1718, April 20. JOHN SAVORY to Mary Stanley, " both of ys 
parish, by License." 

BURIALS. 
Parish of St. Michael : 

1676, Sept. 22. Eliza Savery. 
1682-3, Jan. 24. ANTHONY SAVERY. 

1691. July 5. Edward Savery, from Captain 

1698, Feb. 8. Bowles Savery, mariner. 
Parish of St. Joseph : 

1723-4, Jan. 4. Samuel Sav ory. 

EXECUTIVE COUNCIL MINUTES. 

" At a meeting of his Excellency andCouncell, y e 4> Aug. 1668. ' John 
Savery Esqre, Attorney to George Booth to reverse a judgment obteyned 
agst his Attornor by Thomas Booth at the Court held for ye Precincts of 
St. Peters, All Sts., and St. Lucy's in September, 1663,' was mulcted 
in 250 Ibs. sugar, costs." 

" Att a meeting of y e Depty Governor and Councel the 19 th of Aug. 
1669 Ordered . . . that writs do forthwith issue directed to the gentlemen 
hereafter written requiring them to sumon the ffreeholders," etc., "to 
choose two sufficient, discreate and able ffreeholders for each Pish as 
Assembly men,'' etc. Eleven names, one for each parish, among them 
John Savory for St. Lucyes. 

PROBATE RECORDS. 

Digest of the will of Elizabeth Savery : 

" In the Feare of God, I, Elizabeth Savery, of the Island of Barbadoes, 
widow relict of John Savery formerly of the parish called St. Lucies in 
the aforesaid Island, deceased." . . . Testatrix bequeaths to son, Samuel 
Savery, " now in the Island of Jamaica " and to his heirs certain negroes 
aud "two of the largest fine cotton hammocks." To her daughter, " Mary 
Collyns, the wife of Francis Collyns of Pennsylvania," all her wearing 
apparel, linen and woollen, to be sent to her by the first opportunity to 
Pennsylvania." To her grandson, John Gosling all moneys due testatrix 



APPENDIX A. 223 

by the said Mary Collyns (his mother), and John Gosling, his deceased 
father. To daughter, Mary Collyns, and grand-daughter, Sarah Savery, 
whatever "new linning stuffe and crape" the testatrix dies possessed of 
"in the house not made up" to be divided equally. To grand-daughter, 
Sarah Savery, 10 to be paid out of produce of testatrix's 181 acres of land 
lying in the parish of St. Lucies. To her grandson, John Savery, and his 
issue (when he shall attain 21 years), 15| acres of land "lately recovered " 
by the testatrix in St. Lucies, but should he die without issue, this laud to 
go to Samuel Savery's eldest son,* and to (testatrix's son) John Savery's 
eldest child, " if he ever hath any," f to be equally divided between them. If 
her son, John Savery, has no issue he is still to enjoy the benefit of one half 
the land during his lifetime (i. e., of course, if grandson, John Savery, died 
without issue) . To her five grandchildren (whose father's name is not men- 
tioned, probably Samuel), Josiah, Vennor, Samuel, Mary an, and Elizabeth 
Savery, testatrix leaves 5 each, with benefit of survivorship. To grand- 
son JestahJ (?) Savery, " all the dower money due her from an estate that 
was formerly her husband's," and which was secured to her by an indent- 
ure of annuity of 100 per aim. To her son, John Savery, she bequeaths 
a " great bible and standard, a silver tankard, a desk, upper bed and bed- 
stead and curtains," with half of the bed linen, and an " upper great table." 
To grand-daughter Sarah Savery she bequeaths " ye lower bed & bed- 
stead" with the other half of the bed linen : and all the rest of the "house- 
hold stuffe " is to be equally divided between her son, John Savery, and 
grand-daughter, Sarah Savery. To her son, John Savery, all the money 
in the house at her decease " after funeral charges and the nurse are paid." 

To the " POOR AMONG FRIENDS " the sum of 3. Appoints Robert 
Gibbs, John Chase, Jr., and her son John Savery, executors. 

Will dated 6th August, 1693. 

Signed Elizabeth Savery (L. S.). 

Witnesses, John Went, Robt. Scott, Beuja. Biddle. 

Proved 31st August, 1693. 

1716. Deposition of Mary Savery as to the last wishes of Thomas Beard 
when in his last moments. 

Feb. 2. Will of Mary Savery of St. Peter's Parish. Mentions her son, 
John Burch (probably by a former husband), and her daughters, Ann 

* From this it would appear that the grandson John was the eldest son then living, 
possibly the only son of Samuel, then in Jamaica. Probably Samuel and John were her 
only sons. If there were others they must have predeceased her, or they would have 
been mentioned. The inference is very strong that there never were but two who 
survived her, or who attained maturity. The words, "now in Jamaica," would imply 
only a temporary sojourn there. Probably he was the one who was buried Jan. 4, 
1723-4, and the grandson, Samuel, the one whose children were baptized from 1722 t< 

I qO 

fThis would seem to imply that John was unmarried, or at all events still childless, 
although being named executor, he was, no doubt, of age. 

t Probably clerical error for Josiah, the eldest of the five grandchildren and pro 
eldest son of Samuel. 



224 APPENDIX A. 

Clark, wife of John Clark, and grand-daughters, Ann and Elizabeth Clarke, 
and grand-daughter, Eliz. Ball, daughter of John Ball. 

180."), April 23. Letters testamentary granted to WM. SAVERY to estate 
of JOHN SAVERY, deceased. 

I suspect that this William was own cousin of the minister, 
for I take the testator, John, to be the son of John and Mary 
Stanley who was baptized March 9, 1740, John's older brother 
William being, as I think, William Savery, Sr., of Phila- 
delphia, the minister's father. 

1815, Aug. 28. Letters testamentary, granted to Margaret Jane Savery 
to estate of John Alexander Savery, deceased. 



RECORDS RELATING TO THE SEVERY AND 
SAVERY FAMILY. 

For the benefit of those who may wish to follow down the 
main collateral branches of the*Sivrets or Severys, descendants 
of the two supposed to be brothers of the John who removed to 
Wenham, I here give the following from the church records of 
Marblehead : 

Admitted to the church, 1699, Dec. 10, Eliz. Seivory. 

BAPTISMS. 
Dec. 24, 1699. Eliz. Seivory.* 

Thomas, | 

Elizabeth 

Deborah, \- Children of Eliz. Seivory. 

Deliverance, j 

Elenor, 

June 22, 1701. Mary, of Elizabeth Seivory. 

Nov. 9, 1707. Samuel, of Thomas Scivery. 

May 31, 1724. Andrew, infant of Andrew and Mary Scivery. 

July 28, 1728. Mary, infant of Andrew and Mary Scivery. 

Sept. 2, 1759. Peter, infant of Clement and Hannah Scivery. 

March 27. 1763. Clement, infant of Clement and Hannah Scivery. 

Oct. 19, 1766. John and Benjamin, of Clement and Hannah Scivery. 

Sept. 10, 1769. Hannah, of Clement and Hannah Scivery. 

Dec. 9, 1782, Clement, of Clement and Sarah Scivery. 

June 4, 1797. Hannah, of Clement and Sarah Scivery. 

9 * Probably wife of Thomas A. W. S. 



APPENDIX A. 225 

May 18, 1800. Johh Walpee, of Clement aud Sarah Scivery. 

Dec. 11, 1808. Francis Doliber, of Clement, Jr., and Martha Scivery. 

Oct. 29, 1820. Sarah Freeto, of Peter and Sally Scivery. 

May 2, 1830. Benjamin, of Benjamin and Rebecca Scivery. 

Oct. 6, 1832. Joseph Franklin, of Joseph and Mary Scivery. 

Oct. 6, 1832. William Green, of Joseph and Mary Scivery. 

April 12, 1835. Elizabeth Devereux, of Joseph and Mary Scivery. 

Aug. 2, 1835. Rebecca Jane, of Benjamin and Rebecca Scivery. 

Aug. 6, 1837. Elias White, of Joseph and Mary Scivery. 

Aug. 13, 1835. John Hammond, of Benjamin, deceased, and Rebecca 
Scivery. 

Admitted to covenant May 11, 1718, Phebe Scivery. (The name does 
not occur in a list of the church members written July 18, 1716, which only 
includes those in full communion, as distinct from those "admitted to 
covenant.") 

MARRIAGES. 

March 2, 1719. Henry Darling, Jr., Mary Scivery, both of Marblehead. 

Oct. 31, 1721. John Pickett, Eliz. Scivery, both of Marblehead. 

Oct. 3, 1723. Andrew Scivery, Mary Pittman, both of Marblehead. 

Feb. 10, 1732. John Scivery, Eliz. Fabins, both of Marblehead. 

Aug. 1, 1758. Clement Scivery, Hannah Dodd, hoth of Marblehead. 

Jan. 4, 1787. Clement Severy, Sarah Freeto, both of Marblehead. 

Feb. 22, 1798. Joseph Scivery, Sarah Bradshaw, both of Marblehead. 

Sept. 4, 1808. Clement Scivery, Jr., Martha Doliber, both of Marble- 
head. 

July 13, 1817. Peter Scivery, Sally Russell, both of Marblehead. 

Jan. 25, 1821. William D. Hammond, Sarah Scivery, both of Marble- 
head. 

July 12, 1827. Benjamin Scivery, Rebecca Hammond, both of Marble- 
head. 

Jan. 20, 1829. Joseph Scivery, Mary D. White, both of Marblehead. 

The following I extract from the town records, which also 
contain many entries which I have given from the church, dif- 
fering only in the spelling of the name. The gradual change 
in the spelling to Savery and Savory will be noted : 

BIRTHS. 

Feb. 15, 1683. Martha, daughter of Andrew and Mary Severy. 

April 2, 1685. Mary, daughter of Andrew an^d Mary. 

Jan. 4, 1693. Daniel, son of Andrew and Mary. 

Aug. 4, 1695. Andrew, son of Andrew and Mary. 

Oct. 27, 1697. Gregory and Phebe, twins of Andrew and Mary. 

Feb. 16, 1699. Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew aud Mary. 



226 



APPENDIX A. 



Aug. 31, 1704. , daughter of Andrew and Mary. 

April 16, 1707. , daughter of Andrew and Mary. 

Dec. 14, 1705. Hannah, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth. 

June 3, 1704. Mary, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth; 

April 14, 1707. Samuel, son of Thomas and Elizabeth. 

MARRIAGES. 

Feb. 3, 1708. John Roundy, Elizabeth Savory, by Rev. Samuel 
Oheever. 

May 3, 1708. William Colfree, Mary Severy, by Rev. Samuel Cheever. 

June 3, 1708. John Savery, Hannah Groe, by Rev. Samuel Cheever. 

Feb. 1, 1719. Richard Gross, Susanna Severy, by Rev. Edw. Hoi- 
yoke. 

Jan. 31, 1721. John Edwards, Mary Savory, by Rev. Edw. Holyoke. 

Feb. 7, 1721. Stephen Hilton, Hannah Severy, by Rev. Edw. Holyoke. 

Oct. 21, 1721. John Savery, Abigail Dod. 

Feb. 10, 1732. John Severy, Elizabeth Fabins, by Rev. Mr. Barnard. 

Dec. 14, 1758. John Weber, Mary Severy, by Rev. S. Bradstreet. 

Oct. 6, 1725. Gregory Savory, Mary Allen, by Rev. Mr. White, of 
Gloucester. 

March 30, 1775. William Hines, Sarah Severy, by Rev. Isaac Story. 

June 12, 1791. Michael Corbett, Hannah Severy, by Rev. E. Hubbard. 
1804. John T. Preble, Hannah Severy, by Rev. Samuel Dana. 
1804. Nathaniel Preble, Jr., Elizabeth Severy, by Rev. Sam- 
uel Dana. 

Jan. 21, 1836. Peter Savory, Mary Symonds, by Geo. Pickering Clark, 
Methodist Church. 

April 3, 1851. Joseph F. Savory, Hannah Tucker, by Rev. Samuel 
Dana. 

March 17, 1853. Benjamin Savory, Margaret Phalen, by E. A. Law- 
rence. 

June 9, 1859. Joseph Savory, Sarah A. Basgett, by Rev. B, R. Allen. 

Dec. 13, 1860. John H. Savory, Mary W. Tucker, by Rev. B. R. Allen. 

Jan. 7, 1861. Benjamin Savory, Mary E. Smith, by Rev. F. Holmes. 

Jan. 24, 1867. William Savory, Sarah J. Warrington,* Rev. B. Othe- 
man. 

July 17, 1867. Benjamin T. Savory, Elizabeth H. Tucker, by Rev. 
G. W. Patch. 

April 17, 1877. William L. Roundey, Mary S. Savory, by Rev J. H. 
Williams. 

May 14, 1877. Edgar M Savory, Ann M. O'Sullivan, by Rev. D. S. 
Healey. 

Nov. 23, 1878. Benjamin Savory, Sarah E. Harrington, by Rev. John 
H. Williams. 

* She was of Digby, N. S., where she and her husband lived some years, and then 
removed to California. 



APPENDIX A. 227 

DEATHS. 

(None recorded prior to 1800.) 

Sept. 24, 1807. Sarah, daughter of Peter Severy. 

Feb. 23, 1808. A son of Clement Severy. 

Oct. 10, 1828. A child of Benjamin Savory. 

Sept. 23, 1831. A child of John Severy. 

Dec. 20, 1833. A child of John Severy, 3 years of age. 

July 5, 1834. In Salem, Sarah F. Severy, age 14 years. 

Jan. 24, 18o6. Child of John Severy, 1 year 2 months. 

Feb. 18,1837. Benjamin Severy, 35 year? 3 months. 

Feb. 27, 1840. Joseph Severy, 73 years 3 months. 

March 26, 1841. John Severy. 

Feb. 27, 1841. Son of John Severy, 1 year 6 monfehs. 

April 22, 1843. Rebecca, daughter of Rebecca Severy, 8 years. 

Jan. 6, 1845. Benjamin, son of Peter and Mary Severy, 4 years. 

July 25, 1846. Child of Peter and Mary Severy. 

Jan. 29, 1849. Sarah Severy, 80 years 11 months. 

Jan. 3, 1861. Mary Savory, 50 years 1 month 28 days. 

Jan. 4, 1869. Mary E., wife of Benjamin Savory, 33 years 2 months 

22 days. 

May 30, 1871. Sarah (Russell) Savory, widow, 80 years 7 mouths. 

Feb. 6, 1875. Joseph Savory, 71 years 3 mouths 1 day. 

May 16, 1876. Mary D. (White) Savory, 70 years 7 months 28 days. 

Feb. 16, 1882. Joseph Savory (born in Spain), 82 years. 

The following is from the records of the Protestant Episco- 
pal Church of Marblehead : 

BAPTISMS. 

Nov. 16, 1729. Philip, William, Thomas, sons of Samuel and Mary 

Severey. 
Sept. 12, 1731. Elizabeth, of Samuel Severey. 

Sept. 19, 1731. Michael, of Severey. 

Sept. 2, 1733. Mary D., of Samuel and Mary Severey. 

All of above by Rev. George Pigot. 
Oct. 7, 1753. Sarah, of Thomas and Sarah Severy. 
Oct. 13, 1756. Thomas, of Thomas and Sarah Severy. 
Nov. 5, 1758. Sarah, of Thomas and Sarah Severy. 

Above by Rev. Peter Bowers. 
June 26, 1768. Mary, of Peter and Mary Sevory. 
Aug. 26, 1770. Sarah Elizabeth, of Peter and Mary Seavery. 

Above by Rev. J. W. Weeks, probably. 
Oct. 27, 1782. Child, of Peter and Mary Severy. 

By Rev. Mr. Fisher. 



228 APPENDIX A. 

MARRIAGES. 

Jan. 21, 1728. Samuel Severy and Mary Andrews, by Rev. Geo. Pigot. 
Feb. 8, 1767. Elizabeth Seavery and John Caswell, by Rev. J. W. 

Weeks. 

Feb. 15, 1767. Peter Seavery and Mary Tucker, by Rev. J. W. Weeks. 
Dec. 4, 1768. Sarah Severy and John Hermon, by Rev. J. W. Weeks. 

BURIALS. 

Sept. 9, 1732. Thomas Severy, by Rev. Geo. Pigot. 

The town records of Gloucester contain the following : 

Gregory Savery, of Marblehead, and Mary Allen, married Oct. 6, 1725. 
Their children: Mary, born Aug. 11, 1726; Phoebe, born May 17, 1729; 
Martha, born June 8, 1731 ; Peter, born March 7, 1734 ; Daniel, b. Sept. 
3, 1742. 

Peter Savery and Ann Glover, married June 2, 1755. 

Peter Savery, of Boston, and Miss Mary Worley, married Nov. 27, 1806. 

On the town records of Andover is the following : 
June 4,1759. Mary, daughter of William and Lydia Savory. 
Feb. 10, 1760. Jenny, daughter of William and Lydia Savory. 
Crcsar Freeman and Jenny Savory, of Andover, married June 12, 1782. 



On the town records of Oxford, Mass., I find the following 
of the family of William Severy, evidently one of the numer- 
ous descendants of Joseph, of Button, whom I have been un- 
able to trace : 

Freeman Severy, son of William and Ruth, was born Nov. 25, 1827. 
Adeline Severy, daughter of William and Ruth, born March 17, 1829. 
Willard Willis, son of William and Ruth, born Jan. 2, 1833. 

From Joseph Severy, of Sutton, is also descended LUTHER 
SEVERY, a prominent citizen of Kansas, residing at Emporia ; 
but I did not succeed in getting the information to enable me 
to trace his lineage, and include him in the genealogy. 



APPENDIX B. 



THOMAS SAVERY. HIS FIRE ENGINE. 

FROM THE "LIVES OF BOLTON AND WATT," BY SAMUEL 

SMILES, AUTHOR OF "SELF-HELP, 11 "INDUSTRIAL 

BIOGRAPHY," ETC., REPUBLISHED IN THIS 

VOLUME BY SPECIAL PERMISSION 

OF THE AUTHOR. 



THE attempts hitherto made to invent a working steam 
engine had not been attended with much success. The most 
that could be said of them was, that, by demonstrating the 
impracticable, they were gradually leading other experimenters 
in the direction of the practicable. Although the progress 
seemed but slow, the amount of net result was by no means 
inconsiderable. Men were becoming better acquainted with 
the elastic force of steam. The vacuum produced by its con- 
densation in a closed vessel, and the consequent atmospheric 
pressure, had been illustrated by repeated experiments ; and 
many separate and minor inventions, which afterwards proved 
of great value, had been made, such as the four-way cock, the 
safety valve, and the piston moving in a cylinder. The prin- 
ciple of a true steam engine had not only been demonstrated, 
but most of the separate parts of such an engine had been con- 
trived by various inventors. It seemed as if all that was now 
wanting was a genius of more than ordinary power to combine 
them in a complete and effective whole. 

To Thomas Savery is usually accorded the merit of having 
constructed the first actual working steam engine. Little is 
known of his early history; and various surmises have been 



230 APPENDIX B. 

formed as to his origin and calling. Some writers have 
described him as the captain of a tin mine ; others as a naval 
captain ; while a third says he was an immigrant Frenchman.* 
We are, however, enabled to state, from information communi- 
cated by his descendants, that he was the scion of a well-known 
Devonshire family. John Savery, of Halberton, or Harberton, 
afterwards of Great Totness, was a gentleman of considerable 
property in the reign of Henry VIII. In the sixteenth cen- 
tury the Saverys became connected by marriage with the 
Servingtons of Tavistock, another old county family, one of 
whom served as sheriff in the reign of Edward III. In 1588, 
Christopher Savery, the head of the family, resided in Totness 
Castle, of which he was the owner ; and for a period of nearly 
forty years the town was represented in Parliament by members 
of the Savery family. Sir Charles f served as sheriff of Devon 
in 1619. Though the Saverys took the side of Parliament in 
resisting the despotic power assumed by Charles L, they never- 
theless held *a moderate course, for we find Col. Savery, in 
1643, attaching his name to the famous "round robin," pre- 
sented to Parliament. Richard Savery, the youngest son of the 
colonel, was father of Thomas Savery, the inventor of the " fire 
engine." Other members of the Savery family, besides Thomas, 
were distinguished for their prosecution of physical science. 
Thus we find from the family MSS., Servington Savery cor- 
responding with Dr. Jurin, secretary to the Royal Society, 
respecting an improvement which he had made in the barome- 
ter, and communicating the results of some magnetic experi- 
ments of a novel kind, which he had recently performed.^ 

*Burn'a "History of Foreign Protestant Refugees." 

t No doubt this is a mistake for " Christopher." He was an active Parliamentarian, 
and it was his son and heir Christopher who was a colonel in the Parliamentary Army, as 
authentic pedigrees in my hands, through the courtesy of the present head of the family, 
John Thomas Savery, Esq., of Ivybridge, Modbury, Devon, show. A. W. S. 

tin a letter dated Shilston, Aug. 9, 1727, he writes: "The late Mr. Thomas Savery, 
Inventor of the engines for rowing and raising water by flre, was, I believe, well known 
to several of the Royal Society, perhaps to the president; but, as I am a perfect stranger, 
io acquaint you that his father was youngest brother to my grandfather. The late Ser- 
vington Suvery, M. D., of Marlborough, was one of my family, viz., a brother of my 
deceased father." 



SAVERY'S STEAM ENGINE. 231 

Thomas Savery was born at Shilston, near Modbury, in 
Devon, about the year 1650. Nothing is known of his early 
life beyond that he was educated to the profession of a military 
engineer, and in course of time duly reached the rank of 
Trench-master. The corps of engineers was not, however, 
regarded as an essential part of the military force until the year 
1787, when the officers ranked with those of the Royal Artil- 
lery. . The pursuit of his profession, as well as his natural dis- 
position, led Savery to the study of mechanics, and he became 
well accomplished in the physical knowledge of his time. He 
occupied much of his spare time in mechanical experiments and 
In projecting and executing contrivances of various sorts. 
One of his early works was a clock, still preserved in the 
family,* which until lately kept very good time; and when 
last repaired by a watchmaker of Modbury was pronounced to 
l>e a piece of very good work, of a peculiar construction, dis- 
playing much ingenuity. 

Another of Savery's early contrivances was a machine for 
polishing plate glass, for which he obtained a patent. He was 
occupied about the same time with an invention for rowing 
ships in calms by the mechanical apparatus subsequently de- 
scribed in his treatise entitled " Navigation Improved." He 
there relates how it troubled his thoughts and racked his 
brains to find out this invention, which he accomplished after 
many experiments conducted " with great charge." He nat- 
urally set much value on the product of so much study and 
labor ; and he was proportionately vexed on finding that others 
regarded it with indifference. He professed to have had 
" promises of a great reward from the court if the thing would 
answer the end for which he proposed it " ; but instead of a 
reward, Savery received only contumely and scorn. He attrib- 
uted his want of success to the ill-humor of the then surveyor 
of the navy, who reported against his engine, because, said he, 

*It is now in the possession of Capt. Lowe, of the Twenty-sixth Regiment, whose 
grand-aunt was a Miss Savery, of Shilston. 



232 APPENDIX B. 

" it's the nature of some men to decry all inventions that are 
not the product of their own brains." He only asked for a fair 
trial of his paddle-boat, believing in its efficiency and utility ; 
declaring that it was not his " fondness for his own bratt that 
made him think so," but the favorable opinions of several very 
judicious persons in town, that encouraged him to urge his 
invention for public adoption. 

The invention in question consisted of a boat mounted with 
two paddle-wheels, one on each side, worked by a capstan 
placed in the centre of the vessel. Savery says he was led to 
make the invention through the difficulty which had been 
experienced in getting ships in motion so as to place them 
alongside of the enemy in sea-fights, especially during calm 
weather. He thought that if our fighting ships could be made 
to move independent of the winds, we should thereby possess 
an advantage of essential consequence to the public service. 
" The gentlemen," said he, " that were on the Brest expedition 
with my Lord Caermarthen, must know how useful this engine 
would have been ; for had they had them there on board each 
ship, they might have moved themselves where they had 
pleased." He also urged the usefulness of the engine for 
packet-boats, bomb-vessels, and sloops, and especially for use in 
sea-fights, in bringing off disabled ships. When he had com- 
pleted his invention, he took steps to bring it under the notice 
Mr. Secretary Trenchard. The plan was shown to the king, 
who thought highly of it, and referred Savery to the Admiralty. 
When he went there he was told that he should have gone to 
the Navy Board. At the Navy Board he was told that certain 
objections to the adoption of his scheme had already been sent 
to the Admiralty. 

Savery, having ascertained that the surveyor was himself the 
author of the objections, proceeded to discuss the matter with 
him. But the surveyor was not a man to be argued out of his 
views by an inventor ; and he shut up Savery with the remark, 
" What have interloping people, that have no concern with us, 



SAVERY'S STEAM ENGINE. 233 

to do to pretend to contrive or invent things for us?" Savery 
was highly indignant at the official snub, and published the 
conversation in his treatise. ''Though one has found out," 
said he, " an improvement as great to shipping as turning to 
windward or the Compass, unless you can sit round the Green 
Table in crutched Friars, your invention is damned, of course " ; 
and the testy inventor concluded: "All I have now to add 
is, that whoever is angry with the Truth for appearing in mean 
language may as well be angry with an honest man for his 
plain habit ; for, indeed, it is as common for Lyes and Nonsense 
to be disguised by a jingle of words as for a Blockhead to be 
hid by abundance of Peruke." * 

Notwithstanding his rebuff by the navy surveyor, Savery 
proceeded to fit up a small yacht with his engine, and tried an 
experiment with it on tfee Thames, in sight of many thousands- 
of spectators. The experiment was, in his opinion, entirely 
successful. " All people," said Savery, " seemed to like the 
demonstration of the use of my engine, the public newspapers 
speaking very largely of it, yet all to no purpose." Savery had 
already expended X200 in his experiments on the paddle boat, 
and was not disposed to go any further, now that government 
had decided not to take up the invention. Indeed, its practical 
utility was doubtful. The power of the wind was. after all, 
better than hand labor for working large ships ; and it con- 
tinued to maintain its superiority until the steam engine was 
brought to perfection. 

It is curious that it should not have occurred to Savery, who 
invented both a paddle-wheel boat and a steam engine, to com- 
bine the two in one machine ; but he was probably sick of the 
former invention which had given him so much vexation and 
annoyance, and gave it up in disgust, leaving it to Papin, who 
saw both his inventions at work, to hit upon the grand idea of 

* " Navigation Improved; or the art of rowing ships of all rates in calms, with a more 
easy, swift and steady motion than oars can. Also a description of the engine that per- 
forms it, and the author's answer to all Mr. Drummer's objections that have been made 
against it. By Thomas Savory, Gent." London, 1698. 



234 APPENDIX B. 

combining the two in a steam vessel, the only machine 
capable of effectually and satisfactorily rowing ships in a calm, 
or against wind and tide. 

It is probable that Savery was led to enter upon his next and 
most important invention by the circumstance of his having 
been brought up in the neighborhood of the mining districts, 
and being well aware of the great difficulty experienced by the 
miners in keeping their pits clear of water, to enable them to 
proceed with their underground operations. The early tin min- 
ing of Cornwall was for the most part what was called " stream 
work," being confined mainly to washing and collecting the 
diluvial deposits of the ore. Mines usually grew out of these 
stream works ; the ground was laid open at the back of the 
lodes, and the ore was dug out as from a quarry. Some of 
these old openings, called " coffins," are still to be met with .in 
different parts of Cornwall. Th*e miners did not venture much 
below the surface, for fear of the water, by which they were 
constantly liable to be drowned out. But as the upper strata 
became exhausted, they were tempted to go deeper in search of 
the richer ores. Shafts were sunk to the lodes, and they were 
followed underground. Then it was that the difficulty of water 
had to be encountered and overcome; for unless it could be 
got rid of, the deeper ores of Cornwall were as so much buried 
treasure. When the mines were of no great depth it was pos- 
sible to bale out the 'water by hand buckets ; but this expedient 
was soon exhausted, and the power of horses was then em- 
ployed to draw the buckets. Where the lodes ran along a 
hillside, it was possible, by driving an adit from a lower point, 
to let off the water by natural drainage. But this was not often 
found practicable, and in most cases it had to be raised directly 
from the shafts by artificial methods. As the quantity in- 
creased, a whim or gin moving on a perpendicular axis was 
employed to draw the water. An improvement on this was the 
rack and chain pump, consisting of an endless iron chain 
mounted with knobs of cloth, stiffened with leather, inclosed in 



SAVERY'S STEAM ENGINE. 235 

a wooden pump of from six to eight inches bore, the lower part 
of which rested in the well of the mine. The chain was turned 
round by a wheel two or three feet in diameter, usually worked 
by men, and the knobs with which it was mounted brought up 
a stream of water according to the dimensions of the pump. 
Another method, considered the most effectual of all, was 
known as " the water wheel and bobs," consisting of a powerful 
pump, or series of pumps, worked by a water wheel. But al- 
though there is no want of water underground in Cornwall, 
and no want of rain above ground, there are few or no great 
water-courses capable of driving machinery; besides, as the 
mines are for the most part situated on high ground, it will be 
obvious that water power was available to only a very limited 
extent for this purpose. 

It is also worthy of notice that the early mining of Cornwall 
was carried on by men of small capital, principally by working- 
men, who were unable to expend any large amount of money 
in forming artificial reservoirs, or in erecting the powerful 
pumping machinery necessary for keeping the deeper mines 
clear of water. The Cornish miners, like the Whitstable oyster 
dredgers, worked upon the principle of co-operation. This doc- 
trine, now taught as a modern one, was practised by them 
almost time out of mind. The owner of the land gave the use 
of his land, the adventurers gave their money, and the miners 
their labor ; all sharing in the proceeds according to ancient 
custom. For the use of his land, and for the ore taken from 
the mine, the lord usually took a sixth part; but in considera- 
tion of draining the mine, and in order to encourage the adven- 
ture he was often content with an eighth, or it might be only a 
tenth part of the produce. The miners, on their part, agreed to 
divide in the proportions in which they took part in the work. 
Their shares of the ore raised were measured by barrows, and 
parcelled into heaps ; " and it is surprising," says Borlase, " to 
see how ready and exact the reckoners are in dividing, though 
oftentimes they can neither write nor Tead. The parcels being 



236 APPENDIX B. 

laid forth, lots are cast, and then every parcel has a distinct 
mark laid on it with one, two, or three stones, and sometimes a, 
bit of stick or turf stuck up in the middle or side of the pile ; 
and when these marks are laid on, the parcels may continue 
there half a year or more unmolested." * 

These were, however, the early and primitive days of mining, 
when the operations were carried on comparatively near the 
surface, and the capital invested in pumping machinery was- 
comparatively small in amount. As the miners went deeper 
and deeper into the ground, and the richer lodes were struck 
and followed, the character of mining became considerably 
changed. Larger capitals were required to sink the shafts and 
keep them clear of water until the ore was reached ; and a new 
class of men, outside the mining districts, was induced to ven- 
ture their money in the mines as a speculation. Yet the sys- 
tem above described, though gVeatly modified by altered cir- 
cumstances, continues to this day ; and the mining of Cornwall 
continues to be carried on mainly upon the co-operative or joint- 
stock system. 

When the surface lodes became exhausted, the necessity of 
employing some more efficient method of pumping the water 
became more and more urgent. In one pit after another the 
miners were being drowned out, and the operations of an impor- 
tant branch of national industry were in danger of being 
brought to a complete standstill. It was under these circum- 
stances that Capt. Savery turned his attention to the contriv- 
ance of a more powerful engine for the raising of water ; and 
after various experiments, he became persuaded that the most 
effective agency for the purpose was the power of steam. 
It is very probable that he was aware of the attempts that had 
been previously made in the same direction, and he may have 
gathered many useful and suggestive hints from the Marquis of 
Worcester's " Century " ; but as that book contained no plans 
or precise definitions of the methods by which the Marquis had 

* Borlase's "Natural History of Cornwall." 






SAVERY'S STEAM ENGINE. 237 

accomplished his objects, it could have helped him but little 
towards the contrivance of a practicable working engine.* 

How Savery was led to the study of the power of steam has 
been differently stated. Desaguliers says his own account was 
this : that having drunk a flask of Florence at a tavern, and 
thrown the empty flask on the fire, he called for a basin of 
water to wash his hands, and perceiving that the little wine 
left in the flask had changed to steam, he took the vessel by 
the neck and plunged its mouth into the water in the basin, 
when, the steam being condensed, the water was immediately 
driven up into the flask by the pressure of the atmosphere. 
Desaguliers disbelieved this account, but admits that Savery 
made many experiments upon the powers of steam, and event- 
ually succeeded in making several engines "which raised water 
very well." Switzer, who was on intimate terms with Savery, 
gives another account. He says the first hint from which he 
took the engine was from a tobacco pipe, which he immersed in 
water to wash or cool it, when he discovered by the rarefaction 
of the air in the tube, by the heat or steam, and the gravitation 
or pressure of the exterior air on the condensation of the latter, 
that the water was made to spring through the tube of the pipe 
in a most surprising manner ; f and that this phenomenon in- 
duced him to search for the rationale, and to prosecute a series 
of experiments which issued in the invention of his fire engine. 

However Savery may have obtained his first idea of the 
expansion and condensation of steam, and of atmospheric pres- 
sure, it is certain that the subject occupied his attention for 
many years. He had the usual difficulties to encounter in 
dealing with a wholly new and untried power, in contriving the 

*The absurd story is told by Dr. Desaguliers (" Experimental Philosophy," II., 465) 
that Savery, having read the Marquis's book, " was the first to put in practice the raising 
of water by fire, which he proposed for the draining of mines"; and having copied the 
Marquis's engine, " the better to conceal the matter, bought up all the Marquis of Worces- 
ter's books that he could purchase in Pater Noster Row and elsewhere and burned 'em in 
the presence of the gentleman, his friend, who told me this." It need scarcely be said 
that it was very unlikely that Savery should have attempted thus to conceal an Invention 
recorded in a printed book, which had been in circulation for more than forty years. 

f Switzer, " System of Hydrostaticks and Hydraulicks," London, 1729. 



238 APPENDIX B. 

novel mechanism through which it was to work, and of getting 
his contrivances executed by the hands of mechanics necessarily 
unaccustomed to such kind of work. " Though I was obliged," 
he says, " to encounter the oddest and almost insuperable diffi- 
culties, I spared neither time, pains, nor money till I had abso- 
lutely conquered them." 

Having sufficiently matured his design, he had a model of 
his new "fire engine," as he termed it, made for exhibition 
before the king at Hampton Court in 1698. William III., who 
was himself of a mechanical turn, was highly pleased with the 
ingenuity displayed in Savery's engine, as well as with its 
efficient action, and he permitted the inventor to dedicate to 
him "The Miner's Friend," containing the first published 
description of his invention. The king also promoted Savery's 
application for a patent, which was secured in July, 1698,* and 
an Act confirming it was passed*in the following year. 

Savery's next step was to bring his invention under the notice 
of the Royal Society, whose opinion on all matters of science 
was listened to with profound respect. He accordingly ex- 
hibited his model at a meeting held on the 14th of June, 1699, 
and it is recorded in the minutes of that date that " Mr. Savery 
entertained the Society with showing his engine to raise water 
by the force of fire. He was thanked for showing the experi- 
ment, which succeeded according to expectation, and was 
approved of." The inventor presented the Society with a draw- 
ing of his engine, accompanied by a description which was 
printed in the " Transactions." f 

Savery next endeavored to bring his invention into practical 
use, but this was a matter of much greater difficulty. So many 
schemes with a like object had been brought out and failed, 

*The patent ia dated 25th of July, 1698. and is entitled " A grant to Thomas Savory, 
Gentl., of the sole exercise of a new invencion for raising of water and occasioning mocion 
to all sort of mill works, by the impellant force of fire, which will be of great use for 
draining mines, serving towns with water, and for the working of all sorts of mills, 
when they have not the benefit of water nor constant winds; to hold for 14 years; with 
usual clauses." 

t Philosophical Transactions," No. 252, Weld's Royal Society, I., 357. 



SAVERY'S STEAM ENGINE. 239 

that the mining interest came to regard new projects with 
increasing suspicion. To persuade them that he was no mere 
projector, but the inventor of a practicable working engine, 
Savery wrote and published his " Miner's Friend." I am not 
very fond," he there said, of lying under the scandal of a bare 
projector, and therefore present you here with a draught of my 
machine, and lay before you the uses of it, and leave it to your 
consideration whether it be worth your while to make use of it 
or no." 

Inventors before Savery's time were wont to make a great 
mystery of their inventions ; but he proclaimed that there was 
no mystery whatever about his machine, and he believed that 
the more clearl} r it was understood, the better it would be 
appreciated. He acknowledged that there had been many pre- 
tenders to new inventions of the same sort, who had excited 
hopes which had never been fulfilled ; but this invention which 
he had made was a thing the uses of which were capable of 
actual demonstration. He urged that the old methods of rais- 
ing water could not be carried further ; and that an entirely 
new power was needed to enable the miner to prosecute his 
underground labors. " I fear," said he, " that whoever by the 
old causes of motion pretends to improvements within the last 
century does betray his knowledge and judgment. For more 
than a hundred years since, men and horses would raise by 
engines then made as much water as they have ever done since, 
or I believe ever will, or, according to the law of nature, ever 
can do; and, though my thoughts have been long employed 
about water works, I should never have pretended to any in- 
vention of that kind, had I not happily found out this new, 
but yet a much stronger and cheaper force or cause of motion 
than any before made use of." He proceeded to show how easy 
it was to work his engine, boys of thirteen or fourteen years 
being able to attend and work it to perfection after a few days' 
teaching, and how he had at length, after great difficulty, 
instructed handicraft artificers to construct the engine according 



240 APPENDIX B. 

to his design, so that after much experience, said he, " they are 
become such masters of the thing that they oblige themselves 
to deliver what engines they make exactly tight and fit for ser- 
vice, and as such I dare warrant them to anybody that has occa- 
sion for them."* Savery's engine, as described by himself, con- 
sisted of a series of boilers, condensing vessels, and tubes. Its 
principal features were two large cylindrical vessels, which 
were alternately filled with steam from an adjoining boiler, and 
with cold water from the well or mine out of which the water 
had to be raised. When either of the hollow vessels was filled 
with steam, and then suddenly cooled by a dash of cold water, a 
vacuum was thereby created, and, the vessel being closed at the 
top and open at the bottom, the water was at once forced up 
into it from the well by the pressure of the atmosphere. The 
steam being then let into the vessel from the top, pressed upon 
the surface of the water, and forced it out at the bottom by 
another pipe (its return into the well being prevented by a 
clack), and so up the perpendicular pipe which opened into the 
outer air. The second vessel being treated in the same manner, 
the same result followed ; and thus, by alternate filling and 
forcing, a continuous stream of water was poured out from the 
upper opening. The whole of the labor required to work the 
engine was capable of being performed by a single man, or 
even by a boy, after very little teaching. 

Although Savery's plans and description of the arrangement 
and working of his engines are clear and explicit, he does not 
give any information as to their proportions, beyond stating 
that an engine employed in raising a column of water three and 
a half inches in diameter, sixty feet high, requires a fireplace 
twenty inches deep. Speaking of their performances he says : 
" I have known in Cornwall a work with three lifts of about 
eighteen feet each, lift and carry a 3^-inch bore, that cost 42s. 

*"The Miner's Friend, or an engine to raise Water by Fire, described, and of the 
manner of fixing it in Mines, with an account of the several uses it is applicable unto; 
and an answer to the several objections made against it. By Tho. Savery, Gent." Lon- 
don, 1702. 



SAVEKY'S STEAM ENGINE. 241 

a day (reckoning 24 a day) for labor, besides the wear and tear 
of engines, each pump having four men working eight hours at 
14d. a man, and the men obliged to rest at least a third part 
of that time." He pointed out that at least one-third part of 
the then cost of raising water might be saved by the adoption 
of his invention, which on many mines would amount to 
" a brave estate " in the course of a year. In estimating the 
power of his engine, Savery was accustomed to compare it with 
the quantity of work that horses could perform, and hence he 
introduced the term " horse-power," which is still in use. 

Although, in the treatise referred to, Savery describes an 
engine with two furnaces, the drawing which he presented to 
the Royal Society showed only one ; and. it appears that in 
another of his designs he showed only one cylindrical vessel 
instead of two. In order to exhibit the working of his engine 
on a larger scale than in the model, he proceeded to erect one 
in a potter's house at Lambeth, where, Switzer says, though it 
was a small engine, the water struck up the tiles and forced its 
way through the roof in a manner that surprised all the specta- 
tors. Switzer mentions other engines erected after Savery's 
designs for the raising of water at Camden House and Sion 
House, which proved quite successful. The former, he says, 
was the plainest and best proportioned engine he had seen ; it 
had only a single condensing vessel ; and " though but a small 
one in comparison with many others of the kind that are made 
for coal works, it is sufficient for any reasonable family, and 
other uses required for it in watering middling gardens."* 
Four receivers full of water, or equal to fifty-two gallons, were 
raised every minute, or 3,110 gallons in the hour ; whilst, in 
the case of the larger engines with double receivers, 6,240 gal- 
lons an hour might easily be raised. The cost of the smaller 
engine was about fifty pounds, and the consumption of coal 
about a bushel in the twenty-four hours, supposing it was kept 
constantly at work during that time. 

* Switzer, " Introduction to a General System of Hydrostaticks and Hydraulicks," 237. 



242 APPENDIX B. 

The uses to which Savery proposed to apply his engine were 
various. One was to pump water into a reservoir, from which, 
by falling on a water wheel, it might produce a continuous 
rotary motion ; another was to raise water into cisterns for the 
supply of gentlemen's houses, and for use in fountains, and as 
an extinguisher in case of fire ; a third was to raise water for 
the supply of towns ; and a fourth to drain fens and marsh lands. 
But the most important, in the inventor's estimation, was its 
employment in clearing drowned mines and coal-pits of water. 
He showed how Avater might be raised from deep mines by 
using several engines, placed at different depths, one over the 
other. Thus by three lifts, each of 80 feet, water might be 
raised from a mine about 240 feet, then considered a very 
great depth. From Savery's own accounts, it is evident that 
several of his engines were erected in Cornwall ; and it is said 
that the first was tried at Huef Vor, or " The Great Work in 
Breage," a few miles from Helstone, then considered the richest 
tin mine in the county. The engine was found to be an im- 
provement on the methods formerly employed for draining the 
mine, and sent the miners to considerably greater depths. But 
the great pressure of steam required to force up a high column 
of water was such as to strain to the utmost the imperfect boil- 
ers and receivers of those early days ; and the frequent 
explosions which attended its use eventually led to its discon- 
tinuance in favor of the superior engine of Newcomen, which 
was shortly after invented. 

Savery also endeavored to introduce his engine in the coal- 
mining districts, but without success, and for the same reason. 
The demand for coal in connection with the iron manufacture 
having greatly increased in the county of Stafford, and the coal 
which lay nearest the surface having been for the most part 
" won," the mining interest became very desirous of obtaining 
some more efficient means of clearing the pits of water, in order 
to send the miners deeper into the ground. Windlass and 
buckets, wind-mills, horse-gins, rack-and-chain pumps, adits, 



SAVERY'S STEAM ENGINE. 243 

and all sorts of contrivances had been tried, and the limit of 
their powers had been reached. The pits were fast becoming 
drowned out, and the iron masters began to fear lest their manu- 
facture should become lost through want of fuel. Under these 
circumstances they were ready to hail the invention of Capt. 
Savery, which promised to relieve them of their difficulty. He 
was accordingly invited to erect one of his engines over a coal 
mine at the Broadwaters, near Wednesbury. The influx of 
water, however, proved too much for the engine ; the springs 
were so many and so strong, that all the means which Savery 
could employ failed to clear the mine of water. To increase 
the forcing power he increased the pressure of steam ; but 
neither boiler nor receiver could endure it, and the steam " tore 
the engine to pieces ; so that, after much time, labor, and ex- 
pense, Mr. Savery gave up the undertaking, and the engine was 
laid aside as useless." * 

He was no more successful with the engine which he erected 
at York buildings to pump water from the Thames for the supply 
of the western parts of London. Bradley says that to increase its 
power he doubled every part, but " it was liable to so many dis- 
orders, if a single mistake happened in the working of it, that at 
length it was looked upon as a useless piece of work, and re- 
jected."! Savery's later engines thus lost him much of the credit 
which he had gained by those of an earlier and simpler construction. 
It became clear that their application was very limited. They 
involved much waste of fuel, through the condensation of the 
hot steam pressing upon the surface of the cold water, previous 
to the expulsion of the latter from the vessel ; and eventually 
their use was confined to the pumping of water for fountains 
and the supply of gentlemen's houses, and in some cases to the 
raising of water for the purpose of working an overshot water 
wheel. Various attempts were made to improve the engine by 
Bradley, by Papin, by Desaguliers, and others; but no great 

*Dr. Wilkes in Shaw's "|Hi9tory of Staffordshire." 

t Bradley, " Discourses on Earth and Water, etc.," Westminster, 1727. 



244 APPENDIX B. 

advance was made in its construction and method of working 
until it was taken in hand by Newcomen and Galley, whose 
conjoint invention marks an important epoch in the history of 
the steam engine. 

Not much is known of the later years of Savery's life. We 
find him a captain of military engineers in 1702 ;* and in 
1705, with the view of advancing knowledge in his special 
branch of military science, he gave to the world a translation, 
in folio, of Cohorn's celebrated work on fortification. The 
book was dedicated to Prince George, of Denmark, to whom he 
was indebted, in the same year, for his appointment to the 
office of treasurer of the Hospital for Sick and Wounded Seamen. 
Various letters and documents are still to be found in the 
Transport Office, Somerset House, addressed to him in that 
capacity.f In 1714 he was further indebted to Prince George 
for the appointment of surveyof to the water works at Hampton 
Court ; but he did not live to enjoy it, as he died in the course 
of the following year. He is said to have accumulated consid- 
erable property, which he bequeathed to his wife, together with 
all interest in his inventions. His will was executed on the 
day of his death, the 15th of May, 1715, and was proved four 
davs after in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. He there 
described himself as " of the parish of Saint Margaret, at West- 
minster, Esquire." His widow herself died before all his effects 
were administered. There was a considerable amount of un- 
claimed stock which the Savery family were prevented from 
claiming, as it had passed to the widow ; and it has since been 
transferred to the credit of the national debt. 

*We are informed by Quartermaster Conolly, R. E., who has given much attention 
to the early history of the Royal Engineers, that the book of Warrants and Appointments 
anno 1712, No. 172J^ in the Tower Record-room, contains the following memorandum in 
pencil on the inside cover : [Thomas] " Savery, engineer, officer, 1702-14." 

t A pamphlet published in 1712, entitled " An Impartial Enquiry into the Management 
of the War in Spain," contains the following reference to Savery : " Sums allowed by 
Parliament for carrying on the war in Spain ... for the year 1710. To Thomas Savery, 
Esq. : for Thomas Cale, surgeon, for care of disabled soldiers, 306. 6. 4." 



APPENDIX C. 



EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS RELATING TO 
FAMILY OF SAVERY OF DEVONSHIRE. 



THE 



(Original Spelling Preserved.) 



FROM PARISH REGISTERS OF DEVONSHIRE. 
FROM Totnes Parish Register: 

BAPTISMS. 

Allyn, son of Steven Savery. 
Christopher, son of Mr. Christopher Savery. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Steven Savery. 
Parthesia, daughter of Christopher Savery. 
Inysake, son of Stephen Savery. 
Steven, son of Steven Savery. 
Samuel, son of Crystover Savery. 
Richard, son of Steven Savery. 
Margrett, daughter of Mr. Chrystover Savery. 
Chrystover, son of Mr. Chrystover Savery, Mayor. 
Margaret, daughter of Steven Savery. 
VVelthyn, daughter of Steven Savery. 
Frydswide, daughter of Chrystover Savery. 
Chrystover and Tymothe, sons of Mr. Christover 

Savery. 

Gylles, son of John Savery. 
Johan, daughter of John Savery. 
Gryssell, daughter of Mr. Steven Savery. 
Mary, daughter of Richard Savery. 
Margaret, daughter of Christover Savery. 
Jone, daughter of Christover Savery, Junior. 
Christover, son of Christover Savery, Junior, then 

Maior. 
Leonard and Mary, son and daughter of Mr. Chris 

Savery. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Chris Savery. 
Pesy (?), daughter of Mr. Chris Savery. 
Xtopher, son of Samuel Savery. 



1565. 
1566. 


April 8. 
Nov. 22. 


1567. 
1568. 


April 10. 
Dec. 18. 


1568-9. 


Jan. 28. 


1570. 
1571. 
1572. 
1572-3. 


April 15. 
Sept. 11. 
July 25. 
Jan. 11. 


1574. 


Dec. 13. 


1575. 


Oct. 24. 


1577. 
1577. 


April 4. 
June 6. 


1578-9. 


Feb. 3. 



1579-80. 


Feb. 14. 


1581. 


May 4. 


1581. 
1585. 
1585. 


Sept. 12. 
Aug. 26. 
June 20. 


1588. 


Oct. 2. 


1592. 


Feb. 16. 



1594-5. Jan. 6. 



1595. 
1596. 
1596. 



May 23. 
July 17. 
Nov. 22. 



246 



APPENDIX C. 



1598. May 21. 

1600. Nov. 4. 

1605-6. Jan. 9. 

1606-7. Jan. 3. 



- , son of Xtopher Savery. 
Samuel, son of Xtopher Savery. 
Margaret, daughter of John Savery. 
Xtopher, son of John Savery. 

BURIALS. 

Christopher, son of Christopher Savery. 
Mr. Richard Savery. 
Mr. Allyn Savery. 
Mystress lone Savery. 
lone, daughter of John Savery. 
Richard Savery. 

Margaret, daughter of Cristover Savery. 
Mr. Nycholas Savery. 
Elizebeth, daughter of John Savery. 
Mr. Christopher Savery. 
Lenard and Mary, son and daughter of Mr. Chris 

Savery. 

Samuel Savery. 
John, son of Thomas Savery. 
Mr. Richard Sharrye (? Savery). 
Xtopher, son of John Savery. 
Mrs. Joan Savery, widow. 
William Savery. 
Mrs. Fridiswide Savery. 
Mrs. Joan Savery, widow. 
Samuel, son of Mr. Richard Savery. 
Mary, daughter of Mrs. Grace Saffery. 
Joan, daughter of Mr. Richard Savery. 
Joan, daughter of Mr. Richard Savery. 
Mrs. Susanna Savery, widow. 
Sarah, wife of Mr. William Savery. 

MARRIAGES. 

Thomas Every * and Johan Savery. 
Trystram Maynard and Anuys Savery. 
William Ducke and Johan Savery. 
Richard Lye and Catharen Savery. 
Richard Lucey and Annys Savery. 

From Ugborough Parish Register: 

BURIALS. 

Cathren, daughter of Steven Savery, Esq. 
Elizabeth, wife of Xtopher Savery, Gent. 
Serviugton Savery, Esq. 
Thomas Savery, Gent. 



1568. 


June 


2. 


1571-2. 


Feb. 


7. 


1578. 


July 


20. 


1584. 


April 


6. 


1584. 


June 


16. 


1586. 


April 


1. 


1585. 


July 


9. 


1589-90. 


Feb. 


27. 


1590. 


Nov. 


20. 


1592-3. 


Feb. 


20. 


1594-5. 


Jan. 


8. 


1599-1600. 


Mar. 


10. 


1602. 


July 


3. 


1602. 


Dec. 


21. 


1606-7. 


Jan. 


29. 


1607. 


Xov. 


26. 


T607-8. 


Jan. 


4. 


1613. 


June 


24. 


1624. 


Dec. 


1. 


1632. 


July 


26. 


1634. 


Dec. 


14. 


1639. 


April 


18. 


1654. 


May 


10. 


1666. 


June 


13. 


1711. 


July 


31. 


1574-5. 


Jan. 


23. 


1576-7. 


Feb. 


10. 


1581-2. 


Jan. 


22. 


1584. 


Sept. 


7. 


1594. 


June 


28. 



1677. Oct. 4. 

1679. May 13. 

1688-9. March 5. 

1695. April 8. 



* Probably A very, also a common Devonshire name. 



EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS. 247 

MARRIAGES. 

1651. Feb. 19. Walter Shute, minister of (Cornwood?), and Eliz- 

abeth, daughter of Xtopher Savery, of Shilstou 
in Modbury, Esq. 

1633. Aug. 23. Carew Savery, Gent, and Alice Rich. 

1683-4. Jan. 3. Cha 8 Vincent, Gent, and Mrs. Mary Savery. 

1686. Oct. 8. Rich d Savery, Gent, and Grace Rich. 

1692. April 6. Servington Savery of Shilston, Esq., and Elizabeth 

Hale. 

1693-4. Feb. 2. Rich d Savery, Gent, and (N l ?) Prideaux. 

1694-5. Jan. 1. Mr. Nicholas Croker and Mrs. Philippa Savery. 

From Staverton Parish Register: 

MARRIAGE. 

1655. Oct. 5. Richard Savery, of Owlacombe, in Rattery, Gent, 

and Mrs. Mary Gould, gentlewoman, daughter 
of Mrs. Julia Gould, of Staverton, widow. 

BURIALS. 

1755. Dec. 30. Grace Savery. 

1777. May 9. Thomas Savery. 

1779. Mar. 10. Elizabeth Savery. 

From Ashburton Parish Register : 

MARRIAGE. 
1738. May 28. Mr. Richard Savery and Mrs. Elizabeth Tozer. 

From Heavitree Parish Register: 

MARRIAGES. 

1658. Nov. 14. Mr. John Furse and Mrs. Phillip Savery. 

1664. May 19. William Savarye and Ellinor Ashley. 

From West Alvington Parish Register: 

MARRIAGE. 
1646-7. Feb. 11. Nicholas Savery, Gent., and Susanna Holditch. 

BAPTISMS. 

1627. July 9. Sarah, daughter of Xtopher Savery, Gent. 

1629-30. Feb. 21. Thomas, son of Xtopher Savery. 
1631. May 8. Mary, daughter of Xtopher Savery, Esq. 

1648. April 2. Joan, daughter of Nicholas Savery, Gent. 

From Ipplepen Parish Registry: 

No entries of Savery. 



248 



APPENDIX C. 



From 

1677. 
1735. 
1739. 

From 
1643-4. 
1643. 

From 
1605. 

1614. 
From 

1588. 
1592. 
1597. 

1692. 

1615-16. 

1620. 

1622. 

1624-5. 

1625. 

1629. 

1665-6. 

1668. 



Ashburton Parish Registry : 

BAPTISMS. 

Dec. 28. John, son of William Savery, Gent. 
Nov. 5. Richard, son of Mr, Rich' 1 . 
April 17. Richard, sou of Mr. Rich d . 

Marldon Parish Register : 

BAPTISMS. 
Mar. 19. Xtopher, son of Master Servington Savery. 

MARRIAGE. 

April 10. Mr. Servington Savery and Mrs. Katherine Lus- 
comb. 

Brixham Parish Register : 

BAPTISM. 

Sept. 29. Steven, son of Allyn Savery and Catherine. 
MARRIAGE. 

Nov. 10. Stephen Borradge and Alice Savery. 

% 
St. Keiyans, Exeter, Parish Register : 

BAPTISMS. 

Dec. 30. Elizabeth, daughter of Giles Savery. 
Sept. 3. Eleanor, daughter of Giles Savery. 
Aug. 17. Grace, daughter of Giles Savery. 

BURIAL. 
Oct. 13. Mr. Nicholas Savery. 

MARRIAGE LICENSES AT EXETER. 

Feb. 21. William Martin, of Totnes, and Dorothie Savery, 

of Corn wood. 
June 7. John Savory, of Rattery, Gent, and Thomasine 

Comyn, of Bishop's Teignton. 
Dec. 19. Arthur Rupert, Gent, of South Brant, and Joan 

Savery, of Rattens 
Feb. 3. Rich d Savory, of Yealmbridge, and Jane Pol- 

lexfen, of the same. 
June 1. George Catling, of Stoke Climsland, and Agnes 

Savory, of Quiltriock, Gent. 
June 29. Christopher Irish, of Totnes, and Margaret 

Savory, of the same. 
Jan. 26. Richard Savery and Katherine Hillersdon, of 

Towey, Cornwall. 
July 27. Nicholas Savery, of Exeter, merchant, and I )or. 

othy \Vollacott. 



EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS. 249 

MARRIAGES. 

Circa 1550. - Savery, of Totnes, married Alice, daughter William 
Amalas, and widow of Dowse, of Totnes. [Harl. 
MSS. 5185, fo. 22.] 

Circa 1563. John Arsecott, of Egg Bucklaud, married Marie, daugh- 
ter of Christopher Savery of Totnes. She remarried 
Anthony Monk, Sept. 13, 1568, at Ashwater. [Harl. 
MSS. 1162.] 

Circa 1660. Arthur Aysheford and Jone, daughter of Servington 
Savery, were married. Colby's Visit: Devon, 1564; 
Exeter, 1884. 

Circa - 1540. Philippa, daughter of Philip Dennis, of Padstow, mar- 
ried Richard Savery. She was widow of Francis 
Courtenay, of Penkivell (Westerton, Devon). 

July 21, 1653. William Flamank, of Boscarne, married Mary, daughter 
of Christopher Savery, of Shilston, at Shilstou. 
Registered at Coll. of Arms. [Flamank pedigree.] 

July 13, 1665. William Savery and Bridget, daughter of John Eliot, of 
St. Germans, were married at St. Germans. [Parish 
register.] 



The following inquisiones post mortem are in the Public Record 
office: 

Rd. Savery, Devon 18-20 Elizth. Rd. Savery, Devon, 20 Elizth. Rd. 
Savery, 16 James I. Christopher Savery, Esq., 1 Charles I. Royalist 
Composition papers (time of Commonwealth), Margaret Savery, Carew 
Sayery, Cary Savery, John Savery. In 2 James I., Tho. Savery and Richard 
Savery both received pardons by Letters Patent. 

Exeter District Probate Register : 
I. PRINCIPAL REGISTRY, i. e., the Bishop's. 
From 1592 to 1653, no Savery found. 
II. TOTNES REGISTRY. 

i. Deanery of Plympton, which includes, inter alia, Corn- 
wood. No will or administration of Savery from 1600 to 1625 
inclusive. 

ii. Deanery of Totnes, which includes Totnes and Rattery, 
etc., from 1575 to 1625. No Savery will, but the following 
administrations occur : 

Christopher Savery, of Totton, i. e., Totnes, 1591. 
Samuel Savery, of Totton, i. e., Totnes, 1599. 
Thomasine Savery, of Dartmouth, 1601. 
Christopher Savery, of Totton, 1603. 
John Savery, of Dartmouth, 1613. 



250 



APPENDIX C. 



The papers relating to the administration of Christopher Savery, 
1603, show that the grant was made to his brother, Timothy 
Savery. It is therefore to be inferrred that he died unmarried, 
or at least a widower without issue. 

PREROGATIVE COURT OF CANTERBURY. 
( INDEX OF WILLS SEARCHED FROM 1583 TO 1625.) 
S Watson. Joanne Savery, widow. 

To Xtofer, son of Steven Saverye, a gown faced with 

satin, etc. 

To Elizabeth Blacheler, wife of William Blacheler. 
If Xtofer die under 21, then to Allan, son of said 

Steven. 
To seven of said Steven's daughters now living, 7 

amongst them. 

To my maid Thomazine Smithe, at discretion of over- 
seers until she is 21. 
To goddaughter Mary Brokinge, 20/. 
To the poor people fcf the Magdalen, 20/. 
To my late husband's sisters, 20/. 
To every one of my godchildren in the town of Tot- 

tenes, I/. 
To the reparation of Tottenes church, 20/, " so that the 

parishioners let me be buried in that place of the 

church where Joan Savory, wife of Christopher 

Savory, was buried.'' 
To Christopher Savory and Henry Gildon, 40/. They to 

be overseers. 
Cousin Christopher younger Savory and my cousin 

Richard Gribell to be executors. Willing that they 

two see the last will of my first husband Alexander 

Odian performed. Dated 24th May, 1581. Signed, 

Joan Saverie. 
To Agnes Savery, daughter of said Steven, a gown. 

To Elizabeth, daughter of said Steven, a gown. To 

the vicar of Tottenes, 20/. 
Witnessed by the executors. 
To Elizabeth Forwood, servant to my said sister Joan, 

20/. 

My maid, Thomazine Smith. To Thomas Hine, 20/. 
Proved 22d May, 1584. 

32 Harrmcjton. 4 March, 1591. Christopher Savory, of Totnes, Devon, 
the elder marchauute. 



EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS. 251 

To be buried in hoi lie earthe. To the vicar of Totnes 
10/. 

To the poor in the Mawdlin house of Totnes, 20/. To 
the almshouse of Totnes, 20/. To the poor of Totnes, 
207. To the reparation of Totnes church, 107. 

Towards the bringing in of the water into the conduit 
of the town of Totnes. 

To my daughter Frideswede Saverie, 6.13.4. 

To son Samuel Saverie, 20. 

To son Timothie Saverie. 20. 

To son Richard's three daughters, Joane S., Frides- 
wede S., and Marie S., 5. 

To Christopher Maynarde. 40/. 

To Tristram Weekes, John Weekes, and Steven Weeks, 

sons of Steven Weekes, 40/. 

To Christopher Ducke, Frideswede Ducke and Marie 
Ducke, Joan Ducke, Elizabeth Ducke and Philip 
Ducke, children of William Ducke, 40/ each. 

To Frideswede Lee, Wilmott Lee, Katherine Lee, chil- 
dren of Richard Lee, 40/. 

To my daughter Ann Weekes, 407. 

To my daughter Joan Ducke, 40/. 

To my daughter Katherine Lee, 40/. 

To my daughter Mary Camme, 40/. 

To my daughter Pertozey Kenycott, 40/. 

My daughter-in-law Joane Saverie. 

Matthewe Camme, John Kenycott, servant Julian Martin? 
servant boy Christopher Boss. 

My wife Frideswide to be executrix. 

William Ducke and Richard Lee to be overseers. 
Signed By me, Xrof er Savery, the elder. 

Witnessed by Henry Gildon, Gabriell Kenycott, Rich- 
ard Martin, William Gildon. 

The second part of the will contains the disposition of the 
testator's real property, and bears the same date, 4th March* 

1591. 

To Frideswide, my wife, my mansion house in Great 
Totnes, where I now dwell. Also lauds in North 
Forde in the parish of Dartington ; also lands in 
Bridgetown Pomay; remainder to Samuel, my son, 
and the heirs of his body ; remainder to Timothy, my 
son. 

To said Samuel, my son, my manor of Hood Michael; 
also lands in Marley, alias Marleighe, in Rattery, 
Devon, and all lands in Rattery; remainder to Tim- 



252 APPENDIX C. 

othy Savery. After death of my wife, Frideswide, 

lands in Bridgetown, to Timothy : also the messuage 

called Yellond in Rattery; lands in Buckfastleigh, 

Tibbcombe in Ashpriugton. 
If Samuel and Timothy die without heirs, then to my 

daughter, Agnes Weekes, wife of Steven Weekes. 
Daughter Katherine Lee, wife of Richard Lee. 
Daughter Joan Duck, wife of William Duck. 
Daughter Mary Camme, wife of Matthew Cam me. 
Daughter Pretezey Kennycott, wife of John Kennycott. 
Daughter Frideswide and their heirs ; remainder to my 

right heirs. 

Signed " by me, Christopher Savery, the elder.'' 
Proved 21st April, 1592, for Frideswide Savery, the relict. 
90 Watson. 10th August, 1617. Helen Saverye, of St. Tolifes, 

Oxou, widow. 
To Richard Stevens, 20/. 
To Richard Radley, 20/. 
To Edward Mapley, 20/. 
To my sister Mathewe, 5. 
To my sister Alice, 5. 
To my sister Dorothie Saverye, 5. 
To my sister Mary Saverye, 5. 
Residue amongst my sisters. 

Witnessed by Edith Richardson and Margerye Smythe. 
Proved 29th October, 1617. 

JOHN THOMAS SAVERY, ESQ., of "the Cottage," Ivybridge, 
Modbury, Devonshire, born Nov. 6, 1814, is thirteenth in descent 
from John, of Halberton in 1501, through Christopher 2 (Mayor 
of Totness), Stephen 3 , Sir Christopher 4 , Col. Christopher 5 , 
Servington 6 (whose brother Richard was father of the inventor) , 
Christopher 7 , Servington 8 (M. A., and F. R. S., inventor of the 
artificial magnet), Christopher', John 10 , Christopher 11 (third son, 
the elder two being John 11 , the heir, and Servington 11 ), John 
Servington 1 -. John" married, first, Sarah Butler Clark of Exeter; 
second, Mary, daughter of Math. Towgood, of London, banker. 
By the first marriage he had two daughters ; by the second, nine 
sons and seven daughters. The sons were ( 1 ) John Servington 12 ; 
(2) William; (3) Servington; (4) Christopher; (5) Towgood; 
(6) Henry; (7) Frederic; (8) Arthur; (9) Charles. Frederic 
and Charles were living in 1882. 



INDEXES. 



INDEX 

TO CHRISTIAN NAMES OF S AVERTS (SAVORY AND 
SAVARY), COVERING PAGES 12 TO 173. 



PAGE 
Aaron, 24, 25, 26, 36, 46, 61, 108 

AbbieAdelia 99 

Abby Caroline .... 84 
Abigail ... 96, 104, 105, 109 
Abigail Fearing .... 84 

Abigail T 79 

Abraham Bailey .... 98 

Addison H 143 

Adelia 41 

Adolphus 42, 55 

Agnes Burbank .... 113 
Alanson Spenser ... 86 

Albert 33,49,57 

Albert H 143 

Alexander Purves ... 93 
Aley Elizabeth .... 49 
Alfred William . . .48,64 

Alice 58,88 

AlmaO 62 

Alonzo C 88 

Alothea 96 

Amanda W 41, 54 

Amelia 36 

Amy 127 

AngelineA 88 

Ann ... 22, 104, 127, 139 
Anne Elizabeth .... 52 

Ann Maria 82 

Anna 106, 137, 171 

Anna Louisa 121 

Anne . 19, 22, 103, 104, 127, 143 

Anne L 131 

Anne Pirn 144 

Annie 70 

Annie B 94 

Annie W 118 

Anthony, 12 to 18, 26, 28, 29, 
133, 139. 

Antoinette 62 

Arabella 58 

Armanilla , 49 



Arthur Bourne . 
Augusta S. . . . 
Augustus . . . 
Augusta S. . . 
Augustus T. . . 
Aurissa William . 



. . 101 

88 



Barnabas Ellis . . . 38, 50 
Bartlett Murdock ... 84 

Beatrice 56 

Benjamin, 20, 25, 34, 38, 42, 43, 

80, 96, 97, 103, 106, 107, 

108, 109, 114, 120, 129, 139 

Notes and corrections to 113 

Benjamin Balch .... 117 

Benjamin Clifton ... 56 

Benjamin Harrison . . 88 

Benjamin Little .... 113 

Benjamin T. . . . 120, 121 

Bertie 88 

Bessie 88 

Bethiah .... 74, 109, 114 
Betsy,61,97, 106, 108, 110, 111, 127 

Betsy E 100, 101 

Betsy Swift 99 

Betty 105 

Caroline . . 76, 111, 120, 128 

Caroline A 117 

Carrie 123 

Carrie May 42 

Carrie P 70, 110 

Cecilia J 62, 73 

Charity 33, 37 

Charles . 119, 127, 129, 141, 144 
Charles August . . 129,130 
Charles Conklin . . 86, 93, 94 

Charles F 127 

Charles Foster 90 

Charles Griffin . . .,118,122 
Charles H. Spurgeon . . 70 



PAGE 

Charles L 7! 

Charles Peleg ..... 93 
Charles Putnam . . no, 118 

Charles Roy 101 

Charles Thomas .... 49 

Charles Virgil 101 

Charles W. . . . . .62, 143 

Charlotte 97 

Chase 104, 105, 108 

Chester g^ 

Chester Tracy 42 

Christine W .131 

Clara L 62 

Clara Louisa 117 

Clarissa 41, 51 

Clifton 44 

Coda J 72 

Corbin Barnes .... 38 

Cordelia 61 

Cordelia Bartlett ... 82 

Cornelia 57 

Cyrus 38,43,97 

Cyrus Benjamin .... 98 
Cyrus Pettee . . . Ill, 119 

Daniel, 26, 105, 107, 111, 118, 149 
Deborah .... 34, 36, 37, 39 
Deidamia .... 36, 49, 69 

Deidamia H 70 

Delia 38,39 

Deliverance 34 

Dennis N 46 

Dolly Wood 110 

Donna 72 

Drusilla 78, 80 

E.W 12'.' 

Eben Rollins 118 

Ebenezer 106 

Eddie C 94 

Edith 86 



256 



INDEX. 



Edward . . .49,122 
Edward Everett . . 
Edward Hosnier . . 
Edward W 


PAGE 
, 141, 144 
. . 50 
. . 122 
. . 144 
67 


Francis Nelson . . 
Frank 
Frank D 


PAGE 
. . 94 
. . 117 
. . 119 


Fred 
Frederic 


. . 119 
. . 57 


EffieJ 

I.M.li-,.,1 P 


. . 72 
. . 123 


Frederic A . ... 

George, 44, 46, 79, 87, 
115, 121, 122 
George (Rev.) . . 
George A 


. . 88 

109, 110, 
128, 130 
. . 121 
128, 130 
. . 72 
. 41, 51 
. . 132 
75, 80, 88 
. . 49 
. . 70 
. 72, 127 




. . 62 




. . 109 


Eliphalet . . 


. . 106 


Elisha 
Eliza 


. . 81 
37, 46, 80 
. 48, 49 
. . 43 
i, 81, 90, 
133, 134 ( 
, 143, 144 
118 


George Clyde . . . 
George Cornish . . 
George E . . 


Eliza Helen . . . 
Eliza Whitlock . . 
Elizabeth, 32, 38, 39, 7 
96, 104, 107, 111 
139, 140, 141 
Elizabeth B 


George H. . . 58, 
George Malcolm . . 
George Murray . . 
George P 


FH/nhpth H 


143 




Rl 


Elizabeth L 


. . 128 


George Thomas . . 117, 121 
George W 42, 81, 87 
George W (Rev.) ... 124 
George Washington . . 119 
Gustavus AdolyJhus . . 52 
Gustine Harriman ... 124 

Hannah, 26, 32, 37, 46, 50, 62, 
81, 104, 105, 106, 108, 109, 143 
Hannah C ... 41 


Elizabeths. . . . 
Elizabeth Shaw . . 
Elizabeth Stephenson 
Ella 


. . 99 
. . 83 
. 82 
42 


Ella F 


. 132 


Elmer E 
Elmira E 


. . 71 

70 


Eloisa Matilda . . 
Emeline P 
Emily 


. 41, 52 
. . 87 
. . 44 


Hannah Dalton . . 
Hannah Hill . . . 
Hannah P 
Hannah Perkins . . 
Hannah S 


. . 110 
. . 129 
. 78, 85 
. 84, 92 
. . 58 


Emily Lewis 


128 


Emily Williams . . 
Emma 


. . 82 
. 127 


Emma Mabel 56 
Esther, 30, 82, 36, 58, 74, 96, 97 
Esther L 71 
Esther Thurbon .... 113 
Ethel <M 


Hannah Swift . . . 
Harland 


. . 99 
119 


Harriet .... 


. . 71 


Harriet D 
Harriet Ellen . . . 
Harriet M 


. . 92 
. . 129 
90 


Ethel M 
Ethel Minnie . . . 


. . 72 
. . 124 

119 


Harrison Stephen . 
Harry 


. . 88 


Eugene F. . . . 


. . 131 




88 


Helen 


144 


Evelyn Augusta . . 
Everett ... 


. . 99 
. . 57 


Helen Jane .... 


. 113 


Helen Louisa . . . 


. . 121 

AA 


Everett C 


. . 119 


Fanny ... . . 


. . 57 


Henrietta . . 


62 


Henrietta E. . . . 
Henry 4 


. 52, 72 
4, 57, 127 
M 


Fanny Mary . . . 


. . 98 


Fernando .... 


46 


Henry Oliver 


Finney Messinger . 
Flora 


. . 101 
46 57 


Henry P 
Henry Phipps Otty . 


. . 121 
. . 67 


Florence 


144 


Florence E 


94 


Henry Solon . . . 
Herbert W. . 


118. 123 
71 


Francis A 


. . 88 



PAGE 

Hester 137 

Hiram 80, 111, 118 

Hiram Nye 46,61 

Hope Tobey 98 

Horace Perry 113 

Hosea C 44, 58 

Huldah Louisa .... 50 
Humphrey 17 

lalossa Bourne .... 56 

Ida 88 

IdaBerkely 131 

Ida M 70 

Ira A 54 

Isaac, 32, 33, 34, 39, 40, 44, 110 

Isaac P 41, 53 

Isaac Sanford .... 52, 72 
Isabella, 129, Notes, etc., to 113 
Isabella H 58 

Jacob Burgess .... 100 
James . 49, 74, 75. 76, 80, 129 

James Alfred 49 

James C 42,54,90 

James Mitchell .... 101 

James Taylor 94 

Jane 39, 129 

Jane Frances 50 

Jeannette 62 

Jeannette Evelyn ... 62 

Jennie 50 

Jennie F 50 

Jennie Marion .... 123 

Jeremiah 133 

Jesse .110 

Joanna 75 

Joanna Holmes .... 79 

Job Briggs 98 

Job Luther 101 

John, 18, 76, 78, 81, 83, 84, 91, 

105, 106, 107, 109, 110, 111, 

119, 133, 134, 139 

John A 70 

JohnBurbank . . 109,113 

John C 141, 142 

John (Capt.) 106 

John Dean 49, 69 

JohnHaraden . . 118,122 

John Howe 67 

John Maximilian ... 91 

JohnS 90 

John Stephenson . 81, 89, 90 
John Thomas .... 50, 71 
John Whitlock .... 42 
Jonathan, . 26, 106, 108, 111 



CHRISTIAN NAMES OF SAVEBYS. 



257 



PAGE 

Jonathan (Col.) .... 120 

Jonathan (Deacon) . . 108 
Joseph, 25, 29, 109, 118, 137, 139 
Joseph Augustus . 118,123 
Joseph B ...... 79, 87 

Joseph D ....... 58 

Joseph H ...... 49, 70 

Joseph Henry ..... 70 

Joseph V ....... 131 

Josephine ...... 50 

Josephine Augusta . . 119 
Josephine M ...... 58 

Josiah ........ 109 

Judee ........ 27 

Judith ....... 28,108 

Judith Tucker .... 108 

Julia Adeline ..... 56 

Julia Antoinette .... 86 

Juliet ........ 46 

Justina ....... 33 



Laura Lewis 
Lemuel, 36, 74, 76, 81 



97, 



Lemuel Frederic 

Levi 

Levi Augustus .. 

LeviS 

Lewis Alexander . 

Lewis Winslow .. 

LibbieA 

LilyC 

Lita Vale 

Lizzie 1 

Lizzie Linwood ... 

Louisa ...... 

Louisa Lincoln ... 

Luciuda 

Lucinda B ...... 

Lucretia 

Lucy . . 46,96,109, 

Lucy A 

Lucy Perley 

Luella 

Lydia, . . 30, 37, 96, 

Lydia Adelii 

Lydia Holmes ... 



129 

97, 98, 
99. 

.. 97 

100, 110 

. 99 

101 

. 93 

. 88 

54 



70 
70 

. 100 

44, 58 

. 100 

96 

41, 53 
50 

111,119 
117 
110 
119 

110, 127 

43 

. 79 



Mabel F ........ 58 

Margaret . . . 28,121,134 
Margaret Jane .... 48 

Maria ....... 39, 46 

Maria E ........ 62 

Marian F ....... 143 

Marietta E. . . . 41 



PAGE 

Marion g2 

Martha .... 97, 103, 109 

Martha J 122 

Martha Lorinda .... 113 

Martha Maria loo 

Martha P 117 

Martha Wingate .... 117 

Mary, 18, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, 44, 58, 

75, 76, 78, 79, 85, 96, 97, 103, 

104, 105, 106, 118, 128, 139, 140 

Mary A . Fidelia .... 101 

Mary Anne 37, 98 

Mary C 88 

Mary E 41 

Mary Elizabeth.38,48, 61, 62,63 
Mary Ellis . . . . . 84, 86 

Mary Estelle 100 

Mary Frances 99 

Mary H 144 

Mary Hannah 49 

Mary Jane 49 

Mary M 62 

MaryN 80 

Mary Page 92 

Mary Roberts 127 

Mary Rollins 117 

Mary S 80, 123 

Mary Stevens no 

MaryT 88 

Mary Thorndike ... 114 

MaryW 141 

Matilda 37, 44 

Maude 5-2 

Mehitable 30, 96 

Mercy, 32, 33, 86, 46, 75, 78, 97, 

105, 108 

Notes and corrections to 76 

Mercy B 81 

Mercy D 99 

Meribah 84, 38 

Mertie M 54 

Miner H 70 

Moses, . 26, 106, 110, 111, 118, 
137 

Moses Putnam .... 110 
Moses Washington ... 49 

Nabby 96 

Nancy Messinger ... 98 

Narcissa 42 

Nathan, 32, 34, 36, 37, 45, 46, 49, 
50,62 

Nathan Thomas .... 49 
Nathaniel, 108, 111, 113, 114, 
'120, 127 



PAGE 

Nellie Louise in 

Nelson II 53 

Norma Berkely .... 131 

Norman D 79 



Orrilla 



Patience . . 36, 39, 45, 46, 60 

p eleg 33, 75, 77, 86 

Peleg Barrows ... 78, 85 
Philip Adolphus ... 56 
Phineas, 34, 44, 57, 58, 96, 97, 
99 
Phineas (Deacon) ... 43 

Phineas (Dr.) 98 

Phineas (Lieut.) .... i7 
Phineas Messinger . 98, 100 

Phoebe A 70 

Phoebe Frances .... 49 

Phoebe S 79 

Pluma in 

Polly . . . 84, 92, 96, 109, 134 

Polly Nye 50 

Priscilla . 74, 76, 80, 89, 106, 108 
Priocilla Paddock ... 79 
Priscilla Parker .... 110 

Rachel 139 

Rachel Johnson .... 113 

RayL 72 

Rebecca . . 103, 106, 107, 123 

Rebecca A 99 

Rebecca L 144 

Rebecca W. ... 141, 143 

RexT 72 

Richard, 16, 46, 62, 125, 126, 127, 

128, 129, 132 

Richard Adrian .... 56 

Richard F. ....... 129 

Richard Gurney . . 44, 56, 58 
(See also "Notes and Cor- 
rections.") 

Richard H. B 62 

Robert, 16, 19, 102, 103, 104, 106, 
107, 109, 110, 126, 127, 128, 
129 

Robert Henry 121 

Robert Nathaniel ... 118 

Robertson 39 

Roland T 50 

Roscoe Conkliug ... 58 

Ro*e 44 

RoxanaG 99 

Ruby 46 

Ruby Ann 44 



258 



INDEX. 





PAGE 

37 50 


PAGE 

Stephen Porter ... 52, 71 
Stephen W 141, 143 
Stillman 37, 49 


Ruf us H . . 


... 71 




50 70 


Ruth . 29,58,74, 
Ruth E 
Ruth Ellis 


76, 80, 6, 97 
... 123 

38 


Susanna . 27,28,106,134,143 


Susanna Levalley ... 36 
Temperance .... 96 


RuthS 
Sabina J 


... 81 
70 


Temperance Cornish . 41, 52 
Theresa Maria .... 129 
Thomas, 12 to 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 
32, 33, 37, 74, 75, 78, 79, 80, 
81, 82, 83, 102, 104, 105, 
106, 108, 109, 110, 111, 134, 
139, 140, 141, 142, 172 
Thomas Jr . 19 


Sablne 


36 47 


Sadie Louisa . 


... 93 


Safford . . . 


... 41 


Sally 


. . 79, 80 


Samadrus 


m 


Samuel, 26, 27, 28, 30, 32, 34, 41, 
44, 76, 95, 96, 97, 103, 104, 
105, 107, 110, 139 
Samuel, Jr 27 
Samuel (Capt.) .... 96 
Samuel (Rev.) .... 41 
Samuel Marston, or Munson, 
82,90 
Sanford S 41 
Sarah, 34, 36, 38, 44. 58. fil. 75. 


Thomas (Deacon) . . 74, 86 
Thomas (Hon.) . ... 82 
Thomas (Major ) ... 109 
Thomas A Hanson ... 58 
Thomas C 131 
Thomas Charles . . . . 131 
Thomas Collins . 127, 129, 131 
Thomas F. . % . ... 94 


103, 106, 107, 1 
Sarah A. 


L09, 111, 140, 
141, 144 

70 


Thomas G . . . . . 87, 94 
Thomas H. . . . 141, 143, 144 
Thomas William . . .67, 110 
Timothy 34 38 


Sarah Adelaide . 
Sarah Ann 


... 101 
128 


Tirza Tobey 84 
Tristram Thurlow ... 114 

Uriah, 29, 30, 31, 34, 36, 38, 39, 
44, 48, 49, 50 


Sarah Ann Bailey 
Sarah J. . . . 


... 98 
123 


Sara Kendall . . 
Sarah Lydia . . 
Sarah Nelson . . 
Sarah P 


. . . 122 
... 93 
. . 41, 53 

88 


Selina 


. . . 99 


Vesta P 72 


Seth A. . 


101 


Waitstill Atwood . . 84, 92 
Waldo Bartlett .... 93 
Walter A 58 
Walter Burgess .... 56 
Walter H 143 


Seth Besse . . 


99 


Silvia . . . ... 
Solena . . . 


. . 34, 39 
124 


Sophia .... 
Sophila .... 


50, 79, 109 
... 113 



PAGE 

Walter Harriman . 119, 124 

Walter James 90 

Walter Scott 131 

Ward W 71 

(See also " Notes and Cor- 
rections.") 

Warren 119, 122 

Warren Hapgood ... 56 

Wellington 44 

WicomHale 113 

Wilhelmina Isabel ... 99 
Willard A. ...... 123 

William, 13, 14, 17, 46, 57, 74, 
75, 76, 78, 81, 84, 91, 
93, 96, 97, 99, 102, 103, 
105, 106, 107, 109, 110, 
127, 133, 134, 136, 139, 
140, 141, 142, 146-173 

William, Sr 136-139 

William (Dr.) . . . 138, 142 
William Alonzo .... 58 
William Aloysius ... 94 
William Briggs .... 101 
William Cooper .... 56 
William Curtis .... 84 

William E 70 

William Egbert ... 92, 94 
William Grant .... 100 
William H. 121, 129, 141, 144 
William H. (Rev.) . . . 121 
William Henry, 49, 86, 90, 93, 
117, 129 

William Henry Aloysius, 94 
William Perley .... 118 
William Peters .... 90 
William S. . . .79, 80, 87, 88 
William Thomas . . 82,129 
Winifred Maria .... 99 

Wirtlra 72 

Wolcott Smith 88 



Zilpah. . 



. 75,78,84 



INDEX 

TO CHRISTIAN NAMES OF SEVERYS AND SAVERYS OF THE 

SAME ORIGIN (SEVRIT OR SEVERIT, SAVORY, SAVARY), 

COVERING PART II., PAGES 177 TO 212. 



PAGE 
Aaron ... 184, 189, 190, 197 

AaronA 195,207 

Abigail .... 187, 188, 189 

Addie 209 

Adeline 188 

AdraO 205 

Agnes T 212 

Albert Allen . . . .202,211 

AlbertT 202,211 

Alden 190 

Alden B 190 

Alice M 194 

Alonzo 191 

Alvira 195 

Amanda 191 

Amos 187, 188, 195 

Amos Henry 210 

Andrew 178, 179 

Anna 191 

Annie 204 

Annie L 201 

Archibald 184, 190 

Arthur Mellin 199 

Asa . . . . 184, 188, 189, 191 

Backus 185 

Belle 191 

Belle C 208 

Belle J 206 

Benjamin . . . 181, 183, 187 
Benjamin Franklin ... 199 

Bertha 209 

Bertha B 208 

Bessie F 209 

Bessie M 210 

Betsy . . 182, 191, 192, 195, 196 

Birdie, notes and corrections 

to 210 

Byron 198 

Carrie H 195 

Celinda 195 





PAGE 


Charles .... 


. 190, 204 


Charles A. . . . 


. 198, 211 


Charles Allen . . 


... 210 


Charles E. . . . 


... 210 


Charles Harrison 


... 197 


Charles Henry . 


... 197 


Charles Lewis . 


... 203 


Charles P. . . . 


... 206 


Charlotte . . . 


190, 196, 198 


Chester Forrest . 


. .211,212 


ChetK. .' . . . 


... 210 


Clara Belle . . . 


... 199 


Clarence E. . . . 


... 201 


Clarence H. . . . 


... 198 


Clarence Lucius . 


... 210 


ClarindaP. . . . 


. 190, 200 


Clarissa .... 


. 182, 188 


Clement .... 


... 178 


Cora Belle . . . 


... 197 


Cordelia .... 


... 192 


Cornelia .... 


... 204 


Cynthia .... 


... 188 


Cyrus M 


. 190, 200 


Daniel . . 181, 185, 191, 192, 202 


Daniel Morton 


... 202 


David . . 178, 183, 


185, 186, 194 


David W. . . . 


... 206 


Deborah .... 


. . . 192 


Delona .... 


... 201 


Dexter .... 


, 197, 210 


Diana 


... 195 


Diantha .... 


. . 188 


Drew 


... 201 


Eben 


... 190 


Edgar A. . . . 


. . . 207 


Edith Louise . . 


... 199 


EdnaM 


... 210 


Kdward . . 178, 


183, 186, 188 


Edwin L. . . . 


. ". .206 


Edwin Victor . . 


... 205 



PAGE 

Ellas 196 

Elijah 196, 210 

Elisha 186, 210 

Eliza Ann 196 

Eliza Jane 203 

Elizabeth . . .180, 187, 202 

Elizabeth A 212 

Elizabeth Ann .... 199 

Elva G 209 

Elvira 196 

Elmer A 201 

Emeline 203 

Emery F 200 

Emma 204 

Emma C 208 

Emma Genevieve ... 211 

Emma 209 

Enid May 201 

Ephraim 186, 194 

Ernest 201 

Ernest A 209 

Ernest Elisha 210 

Esther S 203 

Ethel F 207 

Eugene W 195 

Eunice 183 

Eunice Emeline .... 196 

Eva 209 

Everett Holt 199 

Everett Williams ... 202 

Fanny 196, 210 

Fern 210 

Fidelia .... 193,204,210 

Flora M 206 

Florence E 209 

Florence L 194 

Frances A 205 

(See " Notes and Correc- 
tions.") 

Frances E 197 

Frances Helena .... 197 



260 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Francis Solomon ... 188 

Frank 204 

Frank B 209 

Frank Dexter 210 

Frank Edwin ... . 19 

Frank Warren .... 201 

Franklin A 208 

Franklin C 194 

Fred 209 

Fred Albert 201 

FredM 206 

FredW 197 

Freeman 188, 196 

Galen 191 

George . . 187, 196, 203, 209 
George Carroll ... 187 

George H 208 

George Lester .... 199 
George Mellin .... 199 
George Simmons . . . 192 
George W. . 194, 195, 207, 208 

Georgiana 188 

Gregory 178 

Hannah 183,189 

Harold 209 

Harriet .... 189, 193, 196 
Harriet Maria .... 188 
Harriet Richmond ... 203 

Harriet U 195 

Harrison 191 

Harrison B 203 

Harry 209 

Harvey 187,195 

HattieC 204 

Hazel 209 

Helen C 207 

Helen J 200 

Heman 187,196 

Henry 196 

Henry F 201 

Herbert G 208 

Herman 187, 198 

Hervey H 206 

Hiram 182,197 

Horace H 211 

Huldah . . ' 192 



Ida . . 
Ida B. . 

IdaS. . 
Ira . . 
Irene F. 



Jackson T. 



-.'07 



185,192,204 
... 203 



PAGE 
Jacob . 181, 184, 187, 188, 197 

James 178, 180 

James B. ....'. 197, 211 

James E 200, 203 

James Enoch 199 

JaneS 206 

(See "Notes and Correc- 
tions.") 

Jefferson T 194 

Jehiel 195, 208 

Jennie B 208 

Jennie C 206 

Joanna ...... 182 

Joel 191 

John, 178, 179, 180, 181,182, 183, 
184, 186, 192, 203, 206, 212 

John E 200 

John H 195, 208 

John Moody 197 

JohnO 206 

John T 190, 200 

John William 211 

Jonathan, 178, 183, 186, 193, 

194, 206 

Jonathan M. . . . 194, 206 

Jonas 191 

Jones 191 

Joseph, 180, 181, 182, 183, 185, 
186, 194, 209 

Joseph Emerson, 185, 193, 206 
Joseph Rhodes . . 184, 187 

Joshua 383 

Judah 188 

Judith ... .183, 187 

Judson 209 

Julia Gould . 199 



Kendall 



195 



Laman 191 

Laura Ann 212 

Laura K. J 195 

Leila Perrin 201 

Lena P 211 

Lena W 197 

Leon F 201 

Leona 206 

Leonard 190 

Leonora 193 

Leslie ........ 209 

Lester G 207 

Lettie Butterfleld ... 201 

L evi .196 

Lewis W.. 209 

Libra 188 

Lillian V 201 



PAGE 

Lillie M 208 

Lorinda 194 

Louisa 192,205 

Lucia 182 

Lucinda 191 

Lucretia . . . 187 

Lucy ... .183, 196, 210 

Lucy A 195, 198, 200 

Luella L 208 

LuluB 204 

Luther Wright .... 202 

Lydia, 181, 182, 184, 185, 188, 

191, 192 

Mabel T. ...... 207 

Maggie E 209 

Maria 194,209 

MarjorieA 210 

Marshall .... 187, 196 
M arshall Harrison . . . 1P7 

Martha 182 

Martha A 196, 208 

Martha E. ...... 195 

Martha L. ...... 208 

Martha N. 209 

Marvin L 205 

Mary, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 

184, 185, 188, 191, 192, 194, 

195, 198 

Mary Ann .... 193, 204 

MaryB 207 

Mary Betsy 199 

Mary Drew 202 

MaryE 195,204 

Mary Frances 207 

MaryG 206 

Mary M 208 

MaryS 203 

Matilda 191 

Maude E 206 

Melissa 199 

Melvin L 201 

Mercy 192 

Minerva 198 

Miranda 196 

Miriam Stone 206 

Moody . . 184,187,188,189 
Moody Holman .... 188 

Morris H 197 

Moses 191, 201 

Moses Holman .... 190 
Myrtle 209 



Nancy . , 
Nancy E. 
Nancy L. 



205 



195 



CHRISTIAN NAMES OF SEVERYS AND SAVERYS, 



261 



PAGE 

Naomi 191 

Nathan 191 

Nehemiah, 181, 182, 185, 192, 203 
Nehemiah Lewis ... 203 
Nolan C 207 

Oliver A 194,207 

Orlando 198 

Orrell 209 

Orvis W. ... 207 



Peregrine White 

Perez 

Peter 

Philip 



192, 202 

. . 182 

178, 179 

. 178 



Phoebe . 186, 187, 190, 191, 195 
Phoebe Ann ..... 202 
Polly ..... 190,198,210 
Priscilla Morton .... 202 



Ralph 
Ransom 
Rebecca 
Reuben 



209 

198 

183 

. 183, 187, 1% 



Robert Winsor .... 203 

Rosanna ....... 187 

Roxana ....... 188 

Rufus ....... 190 

Ruth ...... 184,191 



Sallie 



PAGE 

Sally . . . 182, 185, 188, 192 
Samuel .... 184, 191, 194 
Sarah . 181, 182, 183, 184, 194 

Sarah A 194 

Sarah Briggs 192 

Sarah C 203 

Sarah Cornish 203 

Sarah J 195 

Sarah L 207 

Satira 197 

Shepherd 191 

Silas 190, 199 

Silvia 185 

Solomon, 178, 182, 183, 188, 191, 
201 

Stephen 193,205 

Stephen Augustus . 206,212 

Susan 203 

Susanna 183,185 

Thomas, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 

183, 184, 186, 192, 202 

Trueman C. .211 



Vera . . 
Vernon B. 
Vertie M. 



191 Wallace F. 



PAGE 
Walter .... 195, 201,209 

Walter C 193,203 

Walter Lee 207 

Walter M 204 

Warren 191 

Warren W. .... 193,204 
Washington P. . . 193, 204 

WendellS 212 

Wilbur W 193,204 

Will 201 

Willard .... 188, 190, 193 

Willard W 204 

William, 187, 189, 193, 194, 195, 
197, 209 

William Clarke .... 196 
William Franklin . 196, 209 
William Gould .... 199 

William H 208 

William H. H 198 

William Jonathan . 195,208 

William P 15)4 

William Soule 192 

Willie L 207 

Willis J 193 

Winfleld C 207 

Winsor 192,203 

Winsor Thomas .... 203 



198 Zilpah, or Zilpha 



191 



INDEX 

TO SURNAMES OF PERSONS CONNECTED BY MARRIAGE, IN 
CLUDING DESCENDANTS OF DAUGHTERS, COVERING 
PART I. AND II., PAGES 12 TO 212. 



PAGE 

Abbott 123 

Adams, 58, 78, 86, 87, 105, 106, 199 

Alexander 79, 82 

Allansou 51, 5b 

Allen . . .42, 49, 74, 191, 198 

Ames 88 

Anderton 104 

Andrews 36 

Annable .... 127, 128, 129 

Atwood 83 

Notes and corrections to 76 
Avery 188 

Babb 201 

Bacon 109 

Bailey 98 

Baker . . 199, 203, 204, 205, 209 
Balch ... 106, 110, 115, 118 

Barber 185 

Barker . 126 

Barnard 117 

Barrett 87 

Barrows 62, 74, 77 

Barstowe 39 

Bartlett ... 84, 87, 90, 203 

Bass 211 

Basset 93 

Bateman 62 

Bates 30, 1*4 

Baxter 87, 89, 201 

Beane 123 

Beekman 82 

Beers 57 

Belcher 04 

Bellamy 137 

Bennett 75 

Benson 32, 97 

Bent 39, 79, 85, 96 

Berkeley 131 

Besse 97, 99 



Bijrbee . 


PAGE 

. . . 79 


Cammilli . . . 
Capen 
Carleton .... 
Carter 


PAGE 
... 92 
... 209 
... 109 
85 


Bills . . 
Bisbee . . 


1S2 
HI 


Bishop . 
Blake . . 
Blakeslie . 
Blanchard 
Blanche . 
Blenkinship 
Bliss . . 
Bolles . . 
Bompas, or 


39 
. . . 189, 197 
53 
]90 


Carty . ... 
Carver .... 
Case 


... 49 
... 30 
212 


207 
39 
38 
. . . 46,50,61 
Bompasse, 31, 32 
204 


Casey .... 
Caswell . . . 


... 198 
. . 33, 194 


Chaddock . . 
Chamberlain . 
Chandler . . . 
Chase 


... 84 
... 60 
... 77 
. 104 110 


Bonn ell . 


90 


Cheney . . . 
Christian 


... 207 
... 205 




37 


Boulter 


200 




97 


Bourne . 
Bowers . 
Bowker . 
Bowles 
Bradford 
Bradley . 
Brainerd 
Brennan 


. ... 56, 96, 99 
92 
129 


Churchill, ... 192, 202, 209 
Notes and corrections to 76 
Chute 37, 49 
Claflin .... 194 


33 

81 


Clarke 


. 44, 61,96 


81 
186 
...'... 62 
53 




. . 119 


Cleveland . . 
Clifton ... 
Cline . . 


... 69 
. 33, 44, 100 
... 53 


Brigham, 
Briggs . 
Brown 
Bryant . 
Bump . . 
Bumpas or ] 

Bunker . 
Burbank, 74 
Burgess, 28, 
Burroughs 
Butterfleld 


Notes, etc., to 76 
. . 34, 77, 101, 212 
36, 118 
81 
31 
Bumpus, 28, 31, 32, 
34, 95, 96, 100 
77 
, 75, 79, 104, 105, 108 
47, 56, 77, 82, 100 
61 
81 200 


Cobb .81,85,101 
Coffin . 


, 184, 202, 203 
. 108, 120 


Cogswell 


... 204 


Col burn . . . 
Colby .... 
Cole . . . 76, ' 
Colville .... 


... 198 
. . 107, 123 
7, 82, 1!3, 212 
... 68 
... 208 


Conklin . . 


. . . 85 


Pnok 




Coon .... 
Cooper 


... 58 


.... 205 


Corbin . . . 
Cornish . . . 
Cotton .... 


. . .61, 198 
. .40,43,192 


flflhnon 


37 



264 



INDEX. 



Coy 
Crapo . 
Cresson . 
Crocker . 
Crookshank 
Cross 
Crowell . . 
Cryer . . - 
Cuffman . 
Cunningham 
Curtis . . . 
Cushing . . 
Cushman 



Evans . 
Everson 



PAGE 
. . 74 
. . 37 

' 141 I Falline 
75, 99, 180 Faunce 

65, 68, 69 
. 199 



PAGE 

. 85, 88, 147 
. . . 79 

. 211 



84 



4:. 



Field J 

Fifield 10T 

Fitts I 8 "' 189 

Foote 51, 106 



. . 46 

75, 80, 87 



Cutting 188 



Dailey 193 

Dakin I 97 

Damon HI 

Dare 89 

Darling 205 

Davidson 

Day l 88 

Dean 82 

Defriez H* 

Deland 129 

Delano 45,5' 

De la Noye 56 

Delegal 

Dennett 

Deverson 

Dewolf 63 

Dexter 39, % 



188 
. 101 
85, 143 
. 57 
. 72 
. 42 
77, 85 
62, 81 
. 195 

Frisbee 107 

Frost 38 

Frye 82 

Fuller 38, 77, 85, 

Gaff 

Gammons 45, 77 

Garden 48 



Forbush . . 

Ford . 

Forpyth . . 

Forward . 

Foster . . . 
Fredenburgh 

Freeman . . 

French . . 
Frilley 



PAGE 

Hale 109,113 

Hall 39, 205 

Hammond . . . .39,50,100 

Hancock 39, 200 

Hanson 210 

Hardy . 69, 80, 103, -105, 110 

Harlow 

Harrlman .... 119, 20 

Harrison 208 

Hartwell 58 

Harvey 

larwood lgs 

Haskell & 

Hatch 97 



Gates . 
Gault . 
Gee. . 
George 
Gibbs . 
Gilford 



114 
41 

208 



. 50, 96, 97, 98, 99 



Dixon 129 Gilbert 20 

Dorr H7 Gilmore 12 

Doty 37, 51 Gleason 52, 19 

Douglas 45 Goodale 12 

Dow Ill, H9 Goodnough 184 

Drake 36, 47 Goodrich 10 

Drinkwater 50 Goodwin ..'... 107, 12 

Duffle 124 Gordon 79 

Dunbar 49, 119 Gorham 98 

Dunham 37, 76 Gould 199, 200 

Dunnell 91 1 Qove 131 

Grant 204 



Hatheway 
lazelton 
Healy . . 
Reward . 
Hewett . 
Hewins . 
Hewit . . 
Hians . . 
Hill. 
Hiller . . 
Himer. . 
Hiscock . 
Hitchcock 
Hitching . 
Hixson 
Hodgden 
Holland 
Holloway 
Holman 



33, 34, 39, 47, 70 
44 

47 



188 

50 

42 

Notes, etc., to 65 

. 129 



188 
190 



Dunstan ....... 79 

Durell ..... . . 132 

Dutch ........ 106 

Dwlnall ....... 198 



Graves ...... 58, 195 

Green ....... 47, 191 

G reenleaf,50Notee,etc.,to 76 
Griffin ...... 118, 188 

Eastman ..... 197, 201 1 Griffith ...... 97, 122 

Eddy, 20, 21, 22, 24, 30, 208, 212 Grower ....... 58 

Edson ........ 88 Gurney . . . .34, 37, 41, 

Eldridge ....... 97 

Elliott ....... 85 1 Hadley ....... 44 

Ellis, 38, 39, 49, 85, 96, 194, 195, Haines or Hians .... 65 

Eustis ........ 198 1 See notes and corrections 



.... 201 
.... 126 
.... 87 
.... 212 
. 183, 188, 190 
Holmes, 33, 49, 75, 80, 81, 82, 88, 
89,111,192,193 Notes, etc., to 76 
Holt .... 
Homan . . . 
Hosmer . . 
Houghton . . 
House .... 
Houston . . . 
How .... 
Howard . . 
Howe .... 
Rowland . . 
Hoyt .... 
Hubbard . . 
Hughes . 
Hunt .... 
Hutchinson . 
Hutton . 
Hyler . . 



Ingalls 
Inman . 



190, 199 

52, 53 

. 121 

. 53 

. 182 

. 12] 

. 18] 

195, 20: 

65, 9! 

58, 20; 

. . 5 

. . 19 

. . 14 

. . 6 

. . 8 

142, 14 



SURNAMES OF PERSONS CONNECTED BY MARRIAGE. 265 





PAGE 
92 


Macumber . 


PAGE 
.... 62 


Jgle . . . . 


PAGE 
.... 91 


Irish 


... 76 


Maglellon 
Manning . . 
Marsh 


.... 94 
.... 119 


3man . . . . 
Drdway . . . 


.... 28 
.... 104 




65 68 




. . 30, 190 


18, 196 


Otty . . . . 


. . 64, 67 68 


Marshall . . 
Marston . 


... 47, 49 
.... 189 


Paddock . . 


74 


Jacques .... 
Jamieson 


. . 106 
... 123 


Martin . . 
Mason . . . 


. . 101, 119 
. 51, 52, 206, 209 
52 


Page 


119 




... 195 


Paine 


50 


Jenny 


... 39 


Palmer . . 
Parker . 103, 
Parlow . . 
Partridge . 
Patterson . 
atv 


.... 105 
106, 117, 122, 210 

. . . 180,182 
92 
208 
82 


jilson 


... 188 




119 




. 80 121 


Mattison . . 

MflYim 


44 
38 202 




. . 59, 131 


Johnstone . . 


... 67 

. 53,77,88 


Maxwell 


... 198 




IK 


Jowett . . . . 
Keen 


... 92 
... 33 


Mazaro, Notes, etc., to 113 
McAllister 1<2ft 


Paulding 


79 


Payne . . . 


119 
85 




7fi 


Keene 


... 62 






> earce . . 
Pearson . . 


73 
109 


Keep 
Keith 


... 131 

. . 39, 89 


McGill . . 


63 








13 199 


Kelley 


... 58 


McKay . . 


00 




44, 61 


Kendall . . . . 
Kenney . . . 


121, 186, 190 
... 199 




73 




62 




oni on* 


Peele . . 


120 


Kershaw . . . 
Keys .... 


... 195 
... 38 


M pi 1 rr 


144 


Peplow . . 


52 






Percival 


. . 34, 195 


Kilgore 


. 194 


Mendall oo, OB, ua 
Mendon, or Mendum, 127, 128 
Vferriman 183 
Messenger 37, 98 
Messinger 98 
Miller 53,96,126 
Millet - - - 128 




04 


Kim ball 


... 108 


Perkins . . 


. . . . 77, 106 
. . 110 


King .... 


. 39, 59, 184 




... 209 




26 28 31 56 




. ... 188 


Perry . - 


136 


Lake .... 


. ... 190 


Peterson . . 


203 
(57 








. ... 119 


Milner . . 
Mitchell . . 
Montgomery 


. . 52,100, 102 
119 




38, 94 




. . . 39, 96 




. 143 


Lamphier . . 


. ... 194 




. . . 193, 206 


Lanman . . . 
Law 


. . . . 80 
. . . . 92 


Morrison *" 
Morse . 45, 80, 89, 189, 197, 198 
Morton ... 76, 77, 82, 202, 
Notes and corrections to 76 
Moulton ..... 179,180 
Mullican 103 




. . . . 49, 126 




205 




. ... 109 




. 47 




. 114 


Porter . . . 


. . . . 51, 60 
... 198 


Leonard . . . 
Levalley . . 


. . . 38, 77 
.... 34 


Powell . . 
Pratt . .77, 


.... 196 


Lewis .... 


. .39,69,128 


Munson . . 


QA 


78, 85, 89, 194, 208 
. . .26,28,114 


Lightenstone . 
Lilley . . 


.... 67 
.... 210 


Musgrove . 


42 


Purves . 


.... 93 


Littlefleld . . 


.... 39 


193 


Littlehale . . 


. . . . 205 






Lloyd .... 


.... 62 


Newconib . 




Ramsden . 


18 
32 


Locke 


.... 53 


Newman . . 
Newton . . 
Nichols . . 
Noland . . 


. . . 191,196 
. . 98, 99, 13 
54 




... 49, 97 


Look . . . 


.... 28 




... 104, 109 


Lopez .... 


. . . . 12 


Raymond . 
Reed . 


. . 70, 97, 195 
. . .69, 190 


Lucas .... 


. . . . 12 


Norton . . 




Ludlam . . . 


.... IK 


Noyes . . . 




Rennells . . 
Reno . . 
Rhodes . 


99 
85 
.... 184 


Macaulay . . 
Macdonough . 


.... 6c 

6, 


Nye .... 
O'Dwyer 









266 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

. . 69 
118, 193 
. 190 



Rice .... 

Richardson . . 
Richmond . . 

Rldgway 

Robb 53 

Robbins, Notes, etc., to 76 

Robertson 52 

Robinson 39, 84 

Rogers .... 39, 57, 72, 74 
Rollins . 104,109,200 

Rose 53 

Ross 206 

Rouse 52 

Russell 119, 198 

Ryan 118 

Ryder . . 37, 50, 59, 82, 98, 99 



Sabln . . . 
Satford . 
Salyards . 
Sampson . 
Samson . . 
Sargent . 
Saunders 
Saunderson 



... 34 

... 198 
... 62 
. 30, 79, 81 
... 44 
... 107 
. . 29, 106 
29 



Savery (intermarriages), 47, 
49, 50, 69, 99, 203 

Sawyer 209 

Sayer 104 

Sayler 104 

Sayles 39 

Scattergood . . . 140, 141 

Scobie 128 

Severy (intermarriages), 79, 
187, 188, 196 

Sexton 54 

Sharpies 141 

Shaw 77, 82 

Shedd 

Sheldon 196 

Sherman 

Sherrett 88 

Shocks 62 

Shore 52 

Shurtliffe, 75, 76, 77,80,88,92,211 

Sickles 204 

Simmons 

Skinner 54 

Sleeper 206 

Smith, 86, 44, 62, 69, 72, 7P, 105, 

128, 129, 190, 194, 200, 203 

Snow . . . .49, 9*., 210, 211 

Snyiler 63 



PAGE 
. 79, 192 
. . 196 
. . 39 

79 



Soule .... 

Southworth 
Spicer .... 

Spinney . . 

Spofford .... 106, 109, 113 

Spooner ...... 46, 87 

Sprague ....... 206 

Spurr ........ 66 

Stanahil ....... 58 

Stanley ..... 111,134 

Stark ........ 131 

Stebbins ....... 90 

Stephens ...... 74, 203 

Stevens ..... 131,197 

Stewart ....... 181 

Stickney ....... 108 

Stillings ....... 206 

Stimson ....... 191 

St. John ....... 195 

Stockwell .... 180, 183 

Stone ...... 114,193 

Straw ...... 110,111 

Studley ...... 196 

Sturgis . . . % . . . . 88 

Sturtevant ...... 95 

Swift, 29, 36, 38, 41, 44, 59, 96, 
97, 99, 192, 202 



Tabor 

Talcott 

Tappan 

Taylor 

Tenny 

Thomas, 32, 69, 



Thompson 

Thrasher 

Thurlow 

Thurston 

Thybault 

Tibbitts 

Tilton 

Tinkham . 

Tobey 

Tolman 

Tourtelotte 

Towle 

Towne 

Tuck 

Tucker . 

Turley 

Tuttle 

Tyer 



41 

121 

63, 94, 144, 195, 208 
. . . . 105, 108 
76, 77, 81, 99, 
181, 209, 211 
.... 203 
... 52, 87 
.... 108 
.... 41 
.... 36 
'. . . . 70 
.... 77 
. 89, 181, 182 
.... 98 
77 

.... 188 
. . 193, 194 
.... 195 
.... 53 
. 189, 191, 198 
.... 90 
.... 195 
.... 42 



Tyler . 
Upton . 



PAGE 
. 122 



129 



Van Houghton 
Van Norden . 
Van Schaack . 
Varney . . 
Vaughan . . . 
Vickery . . . 
Vincent . . . 
Vronian . . . 



. . 49 
. . . 91 

. . . 128 
61, 77, 202 
. - . 129 
. . . 62 

58 



Wade 44 

Wagner 49 

Wait 189 

Walker, 82, 110, 114, 127, 128, 
188, 197, 199 

Wallace 197 

Wallingford 105 

Warner 37, 69 

Warren 188 

Washburn 39, 45 

Waterman . . . 88,98,211 

Watson 120 

Webb ...... 128, 141 

Welch 209 

W r elcome 129 

Weld 39 

Wellman 39, 130 

Weston 128 

Notes and corrections to 51 

Wetmore 209 

Wheeler 209 

White 96,197 

Whitford 204 

Whitlock 42 

Wliitmore 76 

Whitney 195 

Wiggins 39 

Williams 58, 88, 182 

Wing 29, 61 

Notes and corrections to 129 

Winjrate 109 

Winslow 91, 195 

Wood, 77, 106, 123, 187, 202, 209 
Woodrorke . . . 16,17,19 

Woodward 143 

Woodworth 41 

Worthylake .... 36, 48 

Wright 36, 49, 82 

Writington 32 

Zimmer 58 



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Savary, A. W. (Alfred William) 
7! A genealogical and 
S266 biographical record of 
1893 the Savery families 



73