A GENEALOGICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD
(SAVORY AND SAVARY)
AND OF THE
(SEVERIT, SAVERY, SAVORY, AND SAVARY)
DESCENDED FROM EARLY IMMIGRANTS TO NEW ENGLAND AND PHILADELPHIA
WITH INTRODUCTORY ARTICLES ON THE ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF THE
NAMES, AND OF ENGLISH FAMILIES OF THE NAME SAVERY IN ITS VA-
RIOUS FORMS; A DETAILED SKETCH OF THE LIFE AND LABORS
OF WILLIAM SAVERY, MINISTER OF THE GOSPEL IN THE
SOCIETY OF FRIENDS ; AND APPENDIXES CONTAINING
AN ACCOUNT OF SAVERY'S INVENTION OF THE
STEAM ENGINE, AND EXTRACTS FROM ENG-
LISH, NEW ENGLAND, AND BARBADOES
RECORDS RELATING TO FAMILIES
OF BOTH NAMES.
A. W. SAVARY, M. A.,
OF ANNAPOLIS ROYAL, NOVA SCOTIA, JUDGE OF THE COUNTY COURTS
OF NOVA SCOTIA.
ASSISTED IN THE GENEALOGY BY
MISS LYDIA A. SAVARY,
OF EAST WAREHAM, MASS.
Mea me virtus, et sancta oracula Divuni,
Cognatique patres, tua terris didita faniH,
Conjunxere tibi. VIRG., JEx. viii. 131.
BESIDES my recognized assistant in the compilation of this
Genealogy, and those to whom I acknowledged my obligations in
the " New England Historical and Genealogical Register" for Octo-
ber, 1887, I am indebted to Dr. William Savery, of Sharon Hill,
Penn., for biographical matter pertaining to the Philadelphia Family,
to Hon. James B. Severy, Judge of the County Court of El Paso
County, Col. , for information by which I was enabled to trace the
branches of the Severy family settled in Maine, and to Dr. Samuel
Smiles for the permission accorded me to publish in America the
chapter in his " Lives of Boulton and Watt," which gives an account
of Savery's invention of the steam engine.
And in this place I would repeat with emphasis the expression of
my great indebtedness to Miss Lydia A. Savary for her invaluable
and continued assistance, without which I would never have been
able to bring the work to a satisfactory conclusion. She gathered
and furnished me by far the greater part of the materials woven into
the genealogy of what I have called "Subdivision A" of the Old
Colony Family, and a considerable quantity of other important mat-
ter utilized in appropriate places in the genealogical portions of the
I have consulted, for my sketch of the eminent minister, the
"Journal of the Life and Labours of William Savery," edited by
Jonathan Evans, Philadelphia; the " Life of Elizabeth Fry," by her
daughter, Mrs. Cresswell; "Anecdotes of Friends" (issued by the
"Tract Association of Friends," Philadelphia), and some letters of
the minister to his wife from England.
Those who have been surprised and disappointed at the long delay
in issuing the book have no conception of the immense amount of
time and labor which the compilation of such a work demands, and
which was, in this case, aggravated by the distance of my residence
from the records in which information was to be sought, and my
want of sufficient leisure to spare from the duties of an engrossing
office. The correspondence involved was enormous, and the ex-
j v PREFACE.
penses incurred so extraordinary that the financial loss will be great
relatively to that resulting from the preparation and publication of
most works of the same nature. Such books are expected to repay
the cost of publication, and sometimes partially or wholly the expense
of researches, but the work of compiling and writing is a " labor of
love." My own expenses are much beyond the possibility of recoup-
ment from sales of the book. It may appear ungracious to mention
this, and yet it seems but right to disabuse the minds of those who
may suppose that I have entered upon and carried on this work
with a prospect of pecuniary gain. What was at first the indulgence
of a taste for antiquarian research, family history, and speculations
in heredity, gradually grew into a herculean task, which I more than
once seriously contemplated abandoning in despair.
In beginning my investigations in 1881, I was actuated simply by
a desire to clearly trace up my own ancestry to its source on the
other side of the Atlantic, and to that end applied for information to
several kinspeople in Massachusetts whose addresses I chanced to
obtain, but whom I had never met. These, in the order of time,
were Hon. William Savery, of Carver; Adolphus Savary, Esq., and
Miss Lydia A. Savary, of East Wareham; Theodore P. Adams,
Esq., of Boston; and Rev. W. H. Savary, of Canton, now of South
Boston ; all of whom most cordially responded, with a large amount
of interesting matter, which, while not reaching back far enough to
elucidate the transatlantic origin of the family, inspired me with
more zeal to discover it, and prompted the more ambitious task of a
full family history and genealogy. The pleasure I have derived
from my correspondence and subsequent acquaintance with these
and others of my American kinsfolk, and others not kinsfolk, who
have in various degrees contributed to my success, has relieved and
lightened my labors.
A complication that rendered my work more difficult was the exist-
ence in Plymouth County of a quite numerous family of the same
name, who, it was taken for granted by myself and most of my early
correspondents, were a part of the " Old Colony " family of Saverys,
but whom a careful investigation proved to have been descended
from an entirely different source, the name being a development
from one originally quite different, and an example of the curious
way in which in English-speaking communities a name originally
purely French, will, in the course of generations, become gradually
changed into one of English sound, or locally common as an English
name. The book will therefore be divided into two parts, the second
of which will contain the genealogy of the Severy family, and of the
Saverys who are descended from the immigrant ancestor of the
Severys, whose name, it will be seen, was Sivret, changed to Severit
on this side of the water. I at one time thought of publishing this
in a separate volume, but decided finally that it would be more inter-
esting and useful to both families to place the two genealogies in juxta-
position in the same book, in order that difference, as well as identity,
of origin and pedigree, and non-relationship, as well as relationship,
of people bearing the same names, might be elucidated together. I
am sorry that the genealogy of the Severy family is not fuller.
Many of the descendants of the first Joseph Severy, of Sutton, I
have been unable to trace, and there were evidently two of the name,
probably his uncles, who remained at Marblehead, and were progen-
itors of a numerous posterity, who now all write their names
44 Savory." All the Marblehead church and town records relating to
the name I have inserted in an appendix, so that any one who may
wish to trace these lines more closely may be aided in doing so. I
was disappointed at discovering that so many esteemed correspond-
ents, worthy of all regard, and much interested in this Genealogy,
were in no wise related to the family of which I was a member, or
to any of the consanguineous families of the same name, whose his-
tory alone I for some time thought I was compiling.
In the female lines I did not at first expect to give more than the
marriages of daughters, and the first generations of their children.
Where I have done more, the information was volunteered to me, or
was easily obtainable. A genealogy of the descendants of an early
immigrant to America on a plan embracing the descendants in female
as well as in male lines is rarely accomplished, and would have been
much beyond my time and resources.
A. W. SAVARY.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS . . . . . . ix
EXPLANATIONS OF SIGNS AND ABBREVIATIONS xi
NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS xiii
I. INTRODUCTORY. The name Savery .... 1
The Name in France . . . . . 7
Modern English Families 8
The Name in early New England Annals . . 12
II. THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. Thomas Savory, the Pil-
grim, and his Descendants . .19
Subdivision A .'31
Subdivision B . . -. . . . 74
Subdivision C . . . . . .95
III. THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. Robert Savory and his
IV. THE NEW HAMPSHIRE FAMILY. Richard Savory and
his Descendants . . . . .125
V. THE NAME IN BARBADOES . . . .133
VI. THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY. William Savery, Sr., and
his Descendants . . . . .136
VII. WILLIAM SAVERY, THE EMINENT MINISTER . 146
VIII. THE SEVERY FAMILY AND SAVERYS FROM THE SAME
Introductory: The Name and its Origin . 177
John Severit or Severy and his Descendants . 179
viii TABLE OF CONTENTS.
VALEDICTORY REMARKS . . . . . . .
APPENDIX A. Extracts from Records relating to Savery
Family . . . 217
Extracts from Records relating to Severy Family, 224
APPENDIX B. Savery's Invention of the Steam Engine . 229
APPENDIX C. Extracts from Records relating to the Sa-
verys of Devonshire .... . 245
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
THE SAVAKY MANSION AT GROVELAND, MASS.
AUTOGRAPHS OF THOMAS SAVORY OF PLYMOUTH
PORTRAIT OF Miss LYDIA A. SAVAKY
14 CAPT. ISAAC SAVERY
44 BENJAMIN SAVERY .
44 URIAH SAVERY OF NOVA SCOTIA
44 JAMES C. SAVERY .
44 ANNE NOLAND, WIFE OF JAMES
C. SAVERY ....
44 BESSIE C. OTTY, LATE WIFE OF
THE AUTHOR .
44 HON. JOHN SAVERY .
44 HON. WM. SAVERY OF CARVER .
14 WILLIAM L. SHERRETT, M. D. .
k4 PHINEAS M. SAVERY OF MISSISSIPPI
u HON. GEORGE SAVARY
4k REV. WM. H. SAVARY
44 REV. GEORGE SAVARY
44 EDWARD HOSMER SAVARY
SILHOUETTE OF WILLIAM SAVERY, THE MINISTER
COAT OF ARMS OF THE SYVRETS OF JERSEY
PORTRAIT OF REV. GEO. W. SAVORY
44 THE AUTHOR
. Pages 20 and 21
Opposite page 31
it n 40
" " 42
< 4 48
EXPLANATIONS OF SIGNS AND ABBREVIATIONS.
THE small figures over the Christian names denote the number of the
generation in which the person named is removed in descent from the im-
migrant ancestor of his family. The names between brackets and in Italics
are those of the direct lineal ancestors of the person treated of back to his
immigrant ancestor, who is in such case numbered with a small l over the
Christian name in the same manner, the son of the immigrant numbered 2 ,
grandson 3 , and so on down to the present generation. The Roman nu-
merals in a column on the left of the names where births are recorded are
intended to show the number of the children born of the same parents and
the order of their births. The familiar Arabic numerals in the margin
farther to the left show the order in which an extended and fuller record
will be given of the person so numbered, and the births of his or her chil-
dren, and so on. In case of a person not having any children, or only un-
married children, and in female lines, it did not seem necessary always to
carry the name forward in that way, unless there was something special to
record in the person's own career, such as important military or civil pub-
lic service, professional eminence, etc. In some cases the necessary infor-
mation came too late to give it in a further extended record. In tracing
down a line of descent, the reader will look in the middle of the page for
the same number as that on the left side and directly against the name of
the person traced from; and so, conversely, in tracing back, look in the
left-hand margin of the previous pages for the same number as appears in
the middle of the page above the name of the person whose ancestors you
desire to trace.
In England and the colonies the Julian Calendar was retained until 1752,
when the C+regorian calendar, or new style, was adopted. In order, there-
fore, to make the dates before 1752 correspond in the solar year to the new
style, it is necessary to add ten to dates of days between 1600 and 1700, and
eleven to dates between 1700 and 1752. Thus the " Mary and John" arrived
on May 1, 1634 (old style), to which, adding ten, would be May 11, 1634
(new style). The year in old style was computed to begin on March 25,
so that most of her passengers took the oaths of supremacy and allegiance
before sailing, March 24, 1633, although we would say it was in the same
year as that in which they arrived. Some of her passengers took the oaths
on the 26th of March, which was the second day of the year 1634.
Where I have used the prefixes "Deacon," "Captain," etc., it is in
most cases for the purpose of distinguishing the person designated from
others of the same Christian name, or because the prefix was a common or
well-known designation of the person. I concluded it a safe rule to apply
to clergymen and physicians, senators and members of a State executive,
the titles universally accorded to them by the usages of the country in which
they lived. In cases of persons who held offices, in respect to which there
is a diversity of usage, or the prefix "honorable" is merely given by
courtesy, I have omitted that prefix.
ABBREVIATIONS: b., lorn; d., died or dead; m., married; ch., child or
rhildren; dau., daughter.
PARTICULAR REQUEST. Any person who may discover any error it the
<;<-nilo(jy will confer a great favor on the author by immediately notify ini/ him
NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS.
N. B. Some of the following matter is merely correction of errata; some I did not
receive until after the book was in press, and some, I regret to say, that relating to James
Savery (No. 4, Old Colony Family B) and his descendants, was communicated to me
years ago in letters which got mislaid in the mass of my correspondence, and were only
discovered within a few weeks. As it all ought to have been incorporated in the text, I
insert it here, the better to insure its being read with the text.
Pages 2, 6, and 7. The form "Saverick" occurs as late as
Jan. 31, 1607-8, on the Court Rolls of Middlesex Quarter
Page 9. It is, however, likely that the family had a good
standing in Devonshire long before the time of John Savery,
of Halberton ; for as early as A. D. 1400, John Savery received
the tonsure (tonsuratus eat), i. e., was admitted to holy orders
at an ordination held by Stafford, Bishop of Exeter, at Totnes.
In 1535 and 1536 a son of John of Halberton was mayor of
Totnes, and the family possessed Totnes Castle until 1591.
Notwithstanding the statement of Risdon in his " Survey of
Devon," that this family " came originally out of Brittany," it
is possible that they are descended from a Savery of Wiltshire,
through a branch extending first into Somersetshire, which lies
between Wilts and Devon, and gave a scholar to Winchester
School in 1433, as mentioned on page 7.
Pages 11 and 137. Charles Lamb was born Feb. 10, 1775,
and Hester Savory, May 31, 1777. She married July 1, 1802,
Charles Dudley, merchant, of Chester Place, Lambeth, at
Peter's Court, St. Martin's Lane, and died as Hester Dudley,
Feb. 9, 1803, and was interred at Bunhill Field, the 13th of
the same month. In March, 1803, Lamb wrote to his friend
Manning, then in Paris :
" DEAR MANNING, I send you some verses I have made on the death of
a young Quaker you may have heard me speak of as being in love with for
some time while I lived at Pentonville, though"! had never spoken to her
in my life. She died about a month since."
xiv NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS.
In the notes to Canon Ainger's edition of "Lamb's Letters,"
Canon Ainger says :
'Miss Emma Savory, of Blackheath, a niece of Hester Savory, lias
supplied me with a few biographical details : ' She (Hester) was the eldest
sister of my father, A. B. Savory, and lived with him and his sisters, Anna
and Martha, at Pentonville. She married Charles Stoke Dudley, and died
eight months after her marriage, of fever. I possess a miniature portrait
of her which I greatly value. My mother used to say that her beauty con-
sisted more in expression than in regularity of features.' "
Canon Ainger adds that he had seen the portrait, and after
the lyric it was anything but disappointing, showing a bright-
eyed gypsy face, such as we know so well from the canvas of
A. B. (full name Adey Bellamy) Savory was long the head
of the great firm of goldsmiths at Cornhill. It is said that Lamb
had a fellow-clerk with him in the India office named Savory.
Pages 11 and 57. The Walloons, like the Welsh, are relics
of the original Celtic race. But the war waged by the Saxon
invaders in South Britain was more one of extermination than
that which resulted from the Teutonic invasions of Gaul.
Hence the Celtic blood prevails much more in France than in
Pages 16, 17, and 19. A difficulty in identifying this
Thomas and Anthony with these two (supposed) grandsons of
Robert and Joan Savery requires notice. The first recorded
birth of a child to Thomas of Plymouth was in March, 1644-5,
when the two Thomases, born at Hannington, would be forty-
two and forty years old, respectively. Early marriages were
the rule in those days. I have been unable to get anything
from most of the Wiltshire and neighboring records. Thomas
and Anthony, mentioned in Robert's will in 1598, were probably
younger brothers, there being one older than they, Richard ;
and it may In- that a Thomas and an Anthony descended from
one of these brothers, and, inheriting their names, came to Plym-
outh, while the Anthony who was baptized Jan. 20, 1605-6, was
the same who died in liarl.adoes, Jan. 24, 1682-3, But Thomas
NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS. XV
Plymouth must have been born at the latest as early as
>16, or he would not have been old enough to serve in
Rowland's expedition against Hocking. Here I may observe
the name of the parish is now always spelt Haiimngton.
Page 32, lines 12 and 13. The tithingman was an officer
appointed to see to the proper observance of the laws, especially
those relating to the Sabbath, public worship, etc., and to warn
and report delinquents ; and was so called from one who in
old Saxon times had the oversight of the conduct of ten
families ; an old name applied to a new office.
Pages 41 and 51. Date of birth of Clarissa Savery should
probably be Feb. 24 instead of 14.
Page 51. Add to line 14:
Benjamin S. Doty; m. Aug. 2, 1874, at Barraboo, Wis., Anna Westou.
Also add to children of Clarissa Savery and Wilson Doty :
VIII. Dora A., b. June 16, 1855; d. in infancy.
Page 58. While the work was going through the press I
was deeply grieved to hear of the death of Richard Gurney
Savery, the younger, which occurred early in December, 1892.
A contemporary paper says of him :
u He was born in Taberg and educated at Whitestown Seminary. In 1883
he entered the office of VV. E. Scripture, of Rome, and began the study of
law. In 1885 he went with George R. Cornish, now of Rome, to Beatrice,
Neb., and opened a law office. Mr. Savery was admitted to the bar while
there. After remaining there about two years, he returned to Oneida
County and opened an office in Taberg. Some two years ago he was ap-
pointed a United States government land agent. His headquarters have
been at Portland, Ore., but he has travelled extensively through Cali-
fornia, New Mexico, Utah, and other parts of the West and Southwest.
Not long ago he was promoted to chief inspector of land agents for the
section of which Portland is the headquarters. He was a very genial man,
and had many friends who will be surprised and pained at the news of his
Page 62, line 15. The small figure 6 over the surname is a
misprint. Line 24, for Lomoni read Lamoni.
Page 65, line 7. Probably for Haines read Hians. Sister
Charlotte Hians m. 1822 Joseph Fellows, Annapolis Co., N. S.
Page 69, lines 17 to 1-9. Rev. Aaron Cleveland, great-great-
Xvi NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS.
grandfather of President Grover Cleveland, was from 1750 to
1754 pastor of Mather's Congregational, now St. Matthew's
Presbyterian Church, at Halifax, N. S. Two of his brothers also
came to the Province about that time, Samuel and Josiah, of
whom Samuel was treacherously killed by the Indians. From
these two brothers the Clevelands of Nova Scotia descended.
Page 70. According to the English law of primogeniture,
Rufus L. Savery is the representative of the family. For in-
stance : If the first Thomas, the immigrant, had borne an
hereditary title, Rufus L. would now be bearing it, and his
eldest son, Ward W., would be the heir apparent.
Pages 74, 75, No. 2. Mary Shurtliffe, fourth wife of Deacon
Thomas Savery, was probably widow of Francis Shurtliffe, and
mother of Olivia, wife of James Savery, No. 11.
Pages 75, 76, No. 4. James Savery, who married Mercy,
daughter of Timothy Burbank, was probably that son of Thomas
and Priscilla who was killed by falling from a building,
instead of William as stated. That he so met his death is a
clear tradition among his descendants. The following is a cor-
rected record of his children :
I. Mercy", b. 1776; m. 1797, Seth Morton, seventh in descent
from George Morton, who, a member of the Pilgrim Society
at Ley-den, was later their agent in London, and, coming to
Plymouth in the "Ann." in 1623, was father of Nathaniel
Morton, long the brilliant secretary of the colony. The
descent was through Ephraim 2 (second son of George),
Ephraim 3 , John 4 , Josiah 5 , Seth 6 . Ch. : (1) Seth 7 , b. 1797 ;
(2) Mercy, b. 1800, m. Antipas Brigham ; (3) William,
b. 1802; (4) James, b. 1806, m. Pamelia D. Bobbins;
(5) Betsey, b. 1808; (6) Harriet, b. 1811, in. William Atwood ;
(7) Henry, b. 1815; (8) Caroline, b. 1818, m. Richard W.
Holmes. She died aged 96, the instance of greatest longevity
that I have found in the Old Colony Family.
11 II. James, b. August, 1777.
III. Priwilla, twin of James; m. Perez Churchill, and lived in Paris,
i Ktiird County, Me. No children.
12 IV. Ruth, b. 1780.
V. Mary, m. st-pli<-n Greenleaf, and lived in Norway, Oxford,
NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS. XVli
Page 80, No. 11. James Saveiy. Besides what I have given,
it should have been noted that he was born late in August,
1777 ; his wife was probably daughter of Francis Shurtliffe, of
Carver, by wife Mary, daughter of Nathaniel Shaw ; was a man
of marked originality and independence of character, and was
deemed eccentric in his ideas and habits, in many of which he
was merely ahead of his time, for they are now popular and
fashionable. The church and community were scandalized by
his wearing a full long beard, a practice previously unknown
in the colony, and repugnant to Puritan notions, and he was
subjected to some persecution by his persistence in the habit.
He died in 1880, in his eighty-third year. The following is
a corrected record of his children :
28 I. William Shurtliffe 7 , b. Aug. 3, 1801.
II. Susannah Lothrop, b. 1804; d. Jan. 20, 1869.
III. Mary Shaw, b. 1805 ; d. Aug. 9, 1821.
IV. James, b. 1807 ; m. Jan. 24, 1833, Almira W. Cushman; no eh.
V. Thomas, b. 1808; d. Aug. 17, 1831.
29 VI. Priscilla, b. 1811.
VII. Benjamin, b. 1813; d. Aug. 4, 1837.
Page 88, No. 28. William Shurtliffe Savery. Of him it
should have been added that he was at first a farmer at East
Middleboro, and afterwards a general merchant at North Carver,
doing a large business for that day. Although mostly self-edu-
cated, his knowledge was extensive, and he was a man of "rare
and excellent qualities " of mind and heart. His first wife died
Sept. 6, 1843 ; married, second, in the spring of 1845. He was
elected about this time to the State House of Representatives,
being for many years an active Whig in politics.
Page 89, No. 29. Priscilla Savery. Insert year of birth, 1811.
Pages 111, 112, 113, No. 20. Governor Nathaniel Savory
married, in 1850, Widow Maria Mazaro ; and died April 10,
1874. She died Feb. 1, 1890. Besides the children mentioned
in the text he had :
VI. Benjamin, b. June 24, 1865.
VII. Isabella, b. June 11, 1870.
All the children, except Agues, are liviug on their father's
domain, Peel Island.
xviii NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS.
Page 89, line 14:
Birth of Wilson Morse; for 1825 read 1835.
Page 129. Laura Lewis, daughter of William Thomas 5
Savory and Laura Deland, married Frank L. Wing, of Brook-
lyn, N. Y., and has children: (1) Richard Belaud 7 ; (2) Helen;
Pages 133, 134. The most .important information from Bar-
badoes reached me after the Genealogy was in press. I have
no doubt that John, the attorney, and his wife Elizabeth, after-
wards the testatrix, whose will is in the appendix, were the
members of the Society of Friends, John and Elizabeth Sa-
very, who were fined, the former in 1674 and 1678. He may
have embraced the doctrines of the Friends after he became an
attorney, for the practice of the law was not a favorite pursuit
with the early Friends, although in recent times the secular
avocation and religious profession have been jointly honored in
the person of Sir Edward Fry, late Lord Justice of the Court
of Appeal in England. John, grantor in the deed of 1644,
was very likely the father of the attorney.
Page 148, note; line three from the bottom ; for " a celebrated
painter," read " the celebrated painter." To these names may
be added the notable ones of Abraham Carlyle and John
Koljerts, Quakers, who were executed in Philadelphia in 1778
for their assistance to the Royal cause.
Page 161 fifteenth line from the bottom, for "this refusal "
read " their refusal."
Page 181. My authority for the statement that Joseph
Severy lived for a time in Ipswich or Rehoboth is Tracey's
History of Sutton." It may- be an error.
I'.ige 185. Nehemiah, son of John Severy, was born in
17U7. nut 1769. (Seepage 192.)
Samr pacr... J ose ph Severy, or Savory, of Tolland, Conn.,
probably married Sarah .
ge 1 !':'. Mary Ann, daughter of Ira Savory, married
Asul.rl Cole, Vnr Melina, name of her eldest daughter, read
NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS. xix
Melissa. Melissa Cole married - - Bennett, Harlem married
Helen Leonard, Ira married Mary Hendricks.
Same page, third line from bottom. Jonathan Savery mar-
ried at Belfast, Me., Polly Piper, both of Prospect, June 12,
Page 194, lines 1 and 3. The alternative dates were sup-
plied me by different informants. I do not know which are the
Page 205, line 5. For "Francis A.," read " Frances A."
Page 206, line 21. For "Janes" (daughter of Jonathan M.
Savory), read " Jane S."
Page 210. After fifth line add to the children of William
Franklin Savery and Fanny R., his wife, whose full Christian
name was Fanny Rosaline :
V. Birdie, b. Nov. 24, 1873 ; d. June, 1874.
Page 211, ninth line from the bottom. Marriage of Charles
A., son of Albert T. Savery, should be 1891, not 1881.
Page 221, Appendix A, add from Probate records of Berk-
shire, which joins Wiltshire on the east :
BERKSHIRE ARCHDEACONRY. Will of William Savery, of North Hiuk-
sey, 7th October, 1561. Body to be buried in Hinksey Churchyard. Wife
Margaret to be executrix. Mentions sons William and Thomas, and son-
in-law Mark. Also daughters Elizabeth, Agnes, and Margaret, and brother
Harry Savery. Proved November, 1561.
Will of William Savery, of Stanford-in-the-Vale, County Berkshire,
husbandman, 4th May, 1573. Body to be buried in Stanford Churchyard;
daughter Wintildes and son-in-law Holloway ; wife Elinor sole executrix.
Proved 19th April, 1574. F. 401.
Will of Henry Savorie, of Goosey, County Berkshire, 29th September,
1592 ; gentleman. Body to be buried in the Parish Churchyard of Stanford ;
sous John, Henry, and Thomas, and deceased wife Margaret, also the
children of John and Thomas Saverie. Executors, Thomas Saverie and
Thomas Steade, of Abingdon. Proved 26th March, 1595. /. 266.
Will of John Saverie the elder, of Upper Lambourne, County Berk-
shire, husbandman. 2d April, 1608. Body to be buried in Churchyard
at Lambourne. Bequeaths all his property in Upper Lambourne to
wife Maria for life, she sole executrix; Sous William and John and
daughter Elizabeth. Proved Oct. 7, 1608. K. 490.
XX NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND CORRECTIONS.
Feb. 15, 1611-12. A commissioii issued to Henry Kempster, of
Appletoii, a creditor, to administer the goods of Thomas Savery, of Dench-
worth, deceased. Adm. 81, ii.
Page 224. Jolin Savery, the testator of Barbadoes, 1805,
had (as appeal's by his will) sons John and William, and daugh-
ter Mary, who married Thomas ; and grandsons John Alex-
ander Savery and George Sanders Savery. Jane was the name
of the wife of his son John. The only Saverys in Barbadoes
now are colored people, descended from slaves of former
THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
(SAVORY AND SAVARY.)
IN the title I give precedence to' the form of spelling the
name used by the majority of those who will be mentioned in
the work, and nearly universal in the " Old Colony " branch,
from which I am myself descended, and which is the oldest family
of the name in America;* and there is better authority for
" Savery," or " Savory," as an English or American name, than
there is for " Savary." The latter is distinctively the French
form, the other two are English forms of the same ancient
name. In old Norman French the a and the e were almost
convertible letters. f In the French language there is no
accent, or, what is the same thing, the accent is equalized over
all the syllables of a word, with a slight stress on the last,
while, in the progressive growth and development of the
English language, a marked accent on a particular syllable,
generally the antepenult, became in process of time a recog-
nized rule, bringing with it a tendency to abbreviation. Hence,
the second or unaccented vowel in this name, not affecting the
sound, became a matter of no importance, with an ever-recur-
ring preference for the e, because it practically reduced it to
two vsyllables. It is interesting to note, however, that in its
first appearance in those old English records, the Hundred
Rolls, it is under the form " Savary," John Savary in the
* My father was the first in his line to adopt the form, which, according to modern
custom, has passed to me and mine by inheritance. He followed the Hon. George Savary,
of Bradford, Mass., whose father was the first in his line to adopt it. The change in every
case was, no doubt, directly or indirectly due to the prominence in the early part of the
century of the name of Savary, Due de Rovigo, Napoleon's celebrated general and
minister of police.
t Bardsley on surnames.
.-> THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
Hundred of Westbury, county of Wilts being enrolled as a
juror in the thirty-ninth year of Henry III, A. D. 1255 but
ever afterwards in these records, as in the early records of New
Encrland, it is spelt indifferently "Savery" and -Savory,
with every variety of termination that would give the same
sound as 'the //. Settled rules for the spelling of surnames
were unknown or despised until about the beginning of this
century. In early colonial days learned men on both sides of
the ocean not only Wrote their names phonetically and .accord-
ing to each one's ear or taste, but entirely at random, and often
in several different ways in the same document. So great was
the diversity in orthography generally, that an eminent author-
ity on names* suggests that the display of variety in this
respect may have been considered ornamental, just as a writer
aiming at elegance to-day would strive to avoid repeating
the same word or phrase in a sentence. Among the French
similar differences, but not to so striking an extent, existed in
respect to this name. In AgnewVs " List of French Protestant
Exiles in England;' we find not only Matthew and Stephen
Savary and sons Luke and John, and Danielf Savary, but in
1701, Elias Savoret, John Savouret, and Zachary Savory.
The most rational etymology of the name is that given by
Ferguson in his excellent work on English surnames. He
makes it a compound of a word in the ancient Teutonic lan-
guages, " Saba " or " Sabas," a sword (whence our modern
"sabre "), and the familiar old German termination rih or rich,
implying rule or dominion, and generally rendered "Prince,"
as in " Heinrich," German, whence " Henry," English, from old
German, Heim, home' quasi "Prince of home," and
" Friedrich," German, " Frederic," English, from old Ger-
man, Fried, peace, meaning u Prince of peace." :f I select
t Mentioned In letters of denization reproduced by Mr. Hassam from Sussex records
In the " Register," Boston, Vol. XXXV., p. *45.
J Perhaps the true significance is rather that " home," or " peace," " the sword," etc.,
i* ruler or prince, the sentiment being adopted and applied as a proper name. Rich
or rih is ronmvtrtl with tin- Latin rego.
THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 3
these two examples as illustrating the evolution of two distinct
terminations, y and ic, in names compounded of the same abo-
riginal rih or rich. The letter b softened into a v made the
name Savarich, under which form it is found in Central
Europe to-day.* Thus the name means " Prince of the
Sabas was a Gothic bishop in the fifth century, mentioned in
Gibbon's " Decline and Fall," and the name and various com-
pounds of it existed not only on the Continent, but in England
before the Norman conquest. It is suggested that the name
Savage is from this root, Savarich shortened into Savaich, and
thence modernized to its present less congenial form. Sabe,
Latinized to Sabinus, would be re-anglified to Sabin, and Sea-
bright may come from Saebeorht.J
But the Normans were not only the most martial of the
northern nations ; they earlier attained a comparatively refined
and complex civilization, and a more complete and polished
language. Descended from the vanguard of the pristine
Germanic tribes, themselves the flower of the Swedes,
Danes, and Norwegians, they had settled themselves in that
part of ancient Gaul to which they gave the name indicative
of their northern origin, learned and improved on the native
language, and left indelible traces of their conquests and
*The transition of B to V, in the development of European languages, is well known
to the linguist. The Greek B has the sound of V in modern Greece. In post-classical
Latinity such words as mirabile are found written miravile; verbum, vervum, etc., indi-
cating a change of sound. In Germany the metal is still silber, while it is "silver" in
England. Any one can observe how children will call marbles, " marvels." In our
early records learned but careless writers wrote " Marvil Head" for the name of the
t A writer on such subjects has suggested for the origin of the name the same root as
the French Xavier, with the meaning " bright," " brilliant," which has prompted a neat
ode to the name from the gifted pen of John Savary, Esq., of the Congressional Library,
| Webster derives the adjective'" savage " from the Armoric, i. e., Breton, " savaich,"
whicli points to the origin of the name, though his suggested connection with the Latin
sylva is probably fanciful. Lower says the name Savage was brought over to England
in the train of Isabella, the French consort of Henry II. I might suggest that the loss of
the r was due to the less perfect enunciation of Frank and Saxon as compared with the
more correct and polished Norman. Burke, however, assigns a Norman origin to an
Irish family, armorially identified with a prominent English one of the name.
4 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
domination around the coasts as far as Italy itself. It was
soon after their ascendency in England that surnames began
to be used to permanently distinguish families, and wherever
the influence of that brilliant race prevailed in an age of war,
a name of such import, applied to greater or lesser knights and
chieftains, was sure to be multiplied ; sometimes conferred as a
title of honor, or mark of military distinction ; sometimes as a
pramomen, as Savary de Bohun ; then as a cognomen, and
tinally as a permanent surname, as given or Christian names
developed into surnames, as we understand the significance of
surnames in modern times. But except in honor of a family
alliance, of which there have been many instances in Massa-
chusetts, it has not been so fortunate in retaining its hold as a
Christian name, as many others of cognate derivation (notably
the two I have cited), which are still favorites in the homes of
Western Europe and America. Perhaps it dropped out of use
when, in the " ages of faith," it became the rule to give the
new-born child the name of a tutelar saint, no Savary having
attained the distinction of canonization.
The Normans were probably the first to plant the name in
Holland and Flanders, countries which produced the distin-
guished painters and engravers, John, Roland, and Solomon
Savery, born in the sixteenth century.
A Roeland Savery from Holland visited the New Nether-
lands in the service of the Dutch West India Company in
1654, and in the records of the Reformed Dutch Church at
New York is noted, A. D. 1675, the baptism of Franciscus, son
of Leendert Savara, and Jeanne ttie Stevens, his wife. Per-
haps the earliest occurrence of the name in regular history
is in Daru's " Histoire de la Bretagne," p. 334, where it is
recorded that Duke Conan III., in the early part of the twelfth
century, set himself to chastise the nobles of Brittany for their
cruel exactions from the peasantry, in the course of which he
driw.lished the mansion of Savary, Viscount of Donges, and
(MM i tii MM! in the tower of Nantes, Oliver of Pontchan train, who
THE S AVERT FAMILIES. 5
had become the tyrant of his country." It would be interest-
ing to know whether the unhappy noble fled from his desolated
domain to that ever-hospitable asylum, England,* there to found
that Devonshire family of Savery or Savory, which it is said
"came originally out of Brittany," and, as so often happens,
reversed the traditions of the name in later generations. Daru
tells us that when William invaded Englandf " several Breton
nobles, whom the civil troubles of their province had allied to
the interests of this foreign prince,:): accompanied him." We
know that the Conqueror rewarded his followers with large
estates, and (translating again from Daru, pp. 306-308), " The
immense fortunes so suddenly acquired excited the cupidity of
these transmarine people so that they rushed to the newly con-
quered island as it were to a new world which belonged to
every new-comer." The Northmen had obtained a foothold in
Brittany as early as A. D. 912, and about the year 990 the
Norman Geoffroi, Count of Rermes, assumed the title of Duke
of Bretagne. At the time of the conquest many of the nobles
of Brittany were of Norman origin ; to which fact the name of
"Savary" in that province was unquestionably due. Doubt-
less Bretons of all classes mixed their blood in some degree
with the Norman element which infused itself into the South
and Southwest of England, as Britain herself had contributed
to Brittany in the fifth and sixth centuries.
Brittany was not then politically a part of France. Their
national fortunes, blended for a while, had parted, and the val-
iant dukes of Normandy and their dauntless followers had
practically wrested their own country from the control of the
Carlovingian kings ; and even if the goodly Devonshire tree,
instead of the still older Norman-English trunk, had sent out
our New England offshoots, it would be erroneous to say that
we are of French extraction. The Normans of that day were
as distinct from the various tribes or races that made up the
*Sub anno 938, Daru says, " L'Angleterre etait aloral'asyle des Princes detroncs."
t A century earlier than the occurrence just related.
t"Ce prince etranger."
6 THE SAVBRY FAMILIES.
French nation, *us they were from the Saxons whom they crossed
the channel to subdue. They were more nearly allied to the
Danes than to the Franks, and all were equally distant from
the Celts, who once held both Gaul and Britain. The name is
by no means peculiarly a French one, and where we find it in
France it is largely due to the influence of the Norman race ;
and it is surely inaccurate to assign a French extraction to an
American family whose ancestors were part of the English
people tefore the advent of the Huguenots. The centuries
preceding that immigration were the formative period of the
English character and language. Tennyson could not have
said, " Saxon and French and Dane are we." *
It is an historical fact not always sufficiently considered in
English ethnology, that for a century or two after the accession
of William the Conqueror a copious and unbroken stream of
Norman migration poured into England. The author of a very
learned and interesting work, " The Norman People and their
Descendants in England and America,"! proves that this result
of the conquest gave the so-called Anglo-Saxon race an admix-
ture of fully one third Norman blood. To this source he traces
in England and America ver}^ many French names erroneously
assigned by their modern bearers to a Huguenot origin.
From translations of Wendover's Chronicle (Bonn's edition)
it appears that in 1176 one Savary with Nicholas and Herbert
was appointed Archdeacon by Richard, Archbishop of Canter-
bury, and in 1192, Savary, Archdeacon of Northampton, was
elected Bishop of Bath. In 1194, Savaric^ Bishop of Bath,
with others was delivered by King Richard I. to the Emperoi
Henry VI. as " hostage " for the remainder of the money due
for his ransom, and for the keeping of the peace towards the
* " Saxon and Norman and Dane are we,
But all are Danes in our welcome of thee."
. . TENNYSON, to the Princess of Wales.
t Anonymous. H. S. King & Co., London, 1874.
:oii-Tve here both terminations y and c given to the same name before notec
a* falling to different modern names of the same primal formation. Translations intc
Latin uixl re-tranHlations into English at different epochs or by different writers maj
have settled the rule differently in respect to different names.
THE S A VERY FAMILIES. 7
Emperor. Later on we find that Henry, Emperor of the
Romans, sent Savaric, Bishop of Bath, his " relative and Chan-
cellor," from Burgundy to Richard, king of England, to offer
to restore to him his ransom. He was probably of Norman
From the " Norman People " I gather that the name Peter
Savore appears in Norman records in 1180 and 1198. I
find Richard Savaria in the Canterbury rolls, England, 1202 ;
John Savary (Johes, abbreviated from the Latin Johannes)
in Westbury, Wilts, 1255 ; and Laurence cle Savore and Rich-
ard Saveri, the former of Somersetshire, the latter of Leicester-
shire, in other Hundred Rolls, 1272. In the fourteenth cen-
tury the name occurs as legatee in a will in Lincolnshire and
as executor of a will at Bristol. In 1433, Thomas Savery, of
Yeovil, Somerset, occurs in a list of Winchester scholars.
Everything indicates that the name, as a family name, origi-
nated in Wiltshire or one of the immediately adjacent counties,
and thence re-enforced, perhaps, by Norman accessions, soon
spread all over England, as it was at the same time spreading
over France, becoming about equally common in both countries,
and prevailing in France more among the aristocracy, in Eng-
land more among the yeomanry and artisan class. As the name
does not appear in " Domesday Book," it must have come into
England between the year 1086 and the last quarter of the
THE NAME ix FRANCE.
The facts recorded in Worcester's " Chronicle," p. 315, that
in 1212 Savary de Mauleon. rose in arms against John of
England in Poictiers, and that Pierre Savary was one of the
arbitrators or ambassadors on behalf of the French king in
negotiating the peace which followed, remind us that there
have been French families of the name of great renown, notably
that of Touraine, which has given "to France from a very
8 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
remote period a continuous and brilliant line of generals,
diplomatists, statesmen, ecclesiastics. A branch of this family,
known as 4% de Savaiy," were Seigneurs of the Isle Savary in
the Inde. The arms of this family, or of a branch of it, are
given in " Le Dictionnaire de la Noblesse," tome 18, as " e'cartele'
d'argent et sable " (quarterly argent and sable). Savary, Due
de Kovigo, Napoleon's minister of police and most devoted
adherent, according to the " Nobiliare Universelle," par M. Le
Vicomte de Magny, tome 4, Avas born in Champagne. Arms :
" D'azur, dn chevron d'or accoste en chef de deux mollettes
d'e'pe'ron d'argent, et en pointe, d'un sabre de cavalarie pose*
en pal, d'argent. Couronne de Due." Most of the celebrated
French authors and artists of the name in recent times have
been natives of Brittany.
MODERN ENGLISH FAMILIES.
( )f these. Burke, in the last edition of his " General Armory,"
and " Baronetage," mentions as bearing coat armor the follow-
ing : -
SAVAKY. Certified in 1799. Arms: "Az. a chevron or,
betw. two roses in chief of +he last and a lion ramp, in base ar.
on a chief gu. a crescent betw. two estoiles of the third. Crest
- A cubit arm in armor holding in the hand all ppr. a sword
erect ar. hilt and pommel or, enfiled on the blade with a boar's
head erased, also ppr. Motto : 4 Nocentes prosequor.' " The
features of the arms and crest in common with De Rovigo
point to a cognate origin ; but perhaps it would be strained to
connect the sword in each with the original significance of the
name. This family, I learn, was founded by a noble Huguenot
Perigord, who, at the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, fled
Low Countries, where he allied his fortunes to those of
the Prince of Orange, and following him to England, settled in
THE S A VERY FAMILIES. 9
SAVER Y. Arms : " Quarterly or and azure ; a bend gules."
SAVORY. " Paly of six argent and vert a chief sable " (not
very dissimilar from those of de Savary). Crest "A hand
holding a chapeau betw. two branches of laurel in orle, all ppr."
SAVERY OR SAVORY, OF DEVONSHIRE. Arms : " Gules, a fess.
vair betAv. three unicorns' heads couped or." Crest " A heron's
(sometimes an eagle's) head erased ar betAv. two wings displayed
sable, holding in the beak an olive branch vert." Motto :
" Aut vita libera aut mors gloriosa." The latter is no doubt of
modern adoption, perhaps dating from the great civil Avar.
This, the most celebrated family of the name that England
has produced, seems to have been founded by John Savery, of
Halberton, in 1501. It gave a member or members to Parlia-
ment for forty consecutive years. Christopher Savery, son and
heir of Sir Christopher Savery, knight, high sheriff of Devon,
was an active colonel in the Parliamentary army. The Rev.
Servington Savery Avas a patron of the great literary genius,
Gifford, Avhen the latter Avas an indigent youth. Gifford, in
his characteristic autobiography, speaks of him in terms of
But the most illustrious member of this family Avas Thomas
Savery of Shilston, " Captain of Engineers," Avhose merits as
the true inventor of the steam engine, long eclipsed by the
later glory of Watt, are now receiving a tardy recognition. I
claim for him, as the first Avho constructed a real working en-
gine, the right to a statue in Westminster Abbey, beside, or
in a more conspicuous place than, those of Bolton and Watt;
for it is no extravagant conjecture that if he had not lived, Ave
would have been yet without the steam engine in its develop-
ment of to-day. As a century might have elapsed, in the then
10 THE S A VERY FAMILIES.
state of human knowledge, before a counterpart of Columbus had
discovered a New World, so Bolton and Watt might have lived
and died without any existing machine on which to devote the
resources of their genius and industry for its improvement and
perfection. The steam engine did not, like the fabled Minerva,
issue all armed and panoplied from the brain of any earthly
Jove. Savery 's genius conceived and brought forth the infant
prodigy : they were the later and most famous of several gen-
erations of foster parents who nurtured and trained its expand-
ing powers into their sublime maturity. And as the tendency
of everything in nature is to grow, and multiply itself, so in
the world of science, machinery, moved by the giant energy of.
steam, was required for the construction of still more pon-
derous and powerful engines, till they culminated in those iron
monsters that now so marvellously minister to the insatiable
wants of man. Columbus is honored before Amerigo Ves-
puccio or Jacques Cartier ; and let not the laurels which belong
to Savery 's brow adorn those of Bolton and Watt.*
SAVORY. Arms granted to Sir Joseph Savory, recently
Lord Mayor of London, and in 1887 sheriff of Middlesex :
"Paly of six or and vert on a chevron ermine 3 cross crosslets-
fitchde sable a chief gules." He is the eldest son of the late
Joseph Savory, Esq., of Buckhurst Park, Berkshire, and comes
from a family whose leading members have been for generations
prominent as silversmiths, goldsmiths, and bullion dealers at
Cornhill, London. Many of them have been active and influ-
ential members of the Society of Friends, of whom Joseph
Savory was the friend of the eminent American minister of the
gospel, William Savery, and will be mentioned in his biography
hereafter; Anna Savory was the friend, and for a time at least
- account of the invention of the steam engine by Thomas Savery and of his
tluM- n ve n it on,, from Smile.'. ' Lives of Bolton and Watt," in Appendix B. It will be
S, a.uro Im !T ibUity of ' aki "K ">* engine strong enough was the cause of
failure to inert thr p urpo-i-s it was intended for.
THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
co-worker with the minister, and like him a correspondent of
Elizabeth Fry ; and Hester Savory was the Quaker maiden
whose early death Charles Lamb deplored in a tender poem.*
Sir Joseph claims a Huguenot descent, but may, however, have
no better authority for it than the prevalent error that the
name is necessarily French. The family can be traced back in
Wandsworth and Kingston, Surrey, on the records of the
Friends, to the year 1696, only eleven years after the revocation
of the Edict of Nantes. There are indications on the same
records of members of the family being settled in Kent as
early as that date. Peter Savery was returned to Parliament
for the borough of Southwark in Surrey in 6 Henry VI., 1427 ;
and although a colony of Protestant Walloons had come to
Wandsworth in 1570, and established a church there in 1573,
it is not unlikely that this family also is of Norman English
yeoman origin, perhaps descended through the intervening
county of Berks from the same Wiltshire family from which I
deduce the Saverys of America. Sir Joseph, through a female
ancestor, is descended from King Edward I.f
SAVORY. Arms granted to Sir William Schofield Savory,
the eminent surgeon : k 'Argent 2 pallets betiveen flanches vert,
* When maidens such as Hester die,
Their place ye may not well supply,
Though ye among a thousand try,
With vain endeavor.
A month or more hath she been dead,
Yet cannot I by force be led
To think upon the wormy bed,
And her together.
A springy motion in her gait,
A rising step, did indicate
Of pride and joy no common rate,
That flushed her spirit.
I know not by what name beside
I shall call it if 'twas not pride,
It was a joy to that allied,
She did inherit.
Her parents held the Quaker rule,
Which doth the human feeling cool,
But she was trained in nature's school ;
Nature had blest her.
A waking eye, a prying mind,
A heart that stirs is hard to bind,
A hawk's keen sight ye cannot blind,
Ye could not Hester.
My sprightly neighbor! gone before
To that unknown and silent shore,
Shall we not meet, as heretofore,
Some summer morning,
When from thy cheerful eyes a ray
Hath struck a bliss upon the day,
A bliss that would not go away,
,A sweet forewarning?
t Foster's "Noble and Gentle Families of Royal Descent."
12 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
on a chief sable, a staff entwined by a serpent proper." He
was son of William Henry Savory of the city of London,
probably the t>ne who appears in the Directory of 1820 as a
"fish factor" at Love Lane.
An original document, temp. Henry VIII., shows that one
Henry Savory, a party to it, then of Southampton, was born
a subject of France. William Savery, age 25, was among the
passengers of the ship " Globe " of London, Blackwell, master,
to Virginia, in 1035. July 2, 1060, Bridget Busby, widow
of Nicholas, of Boston, mentions in a deed her daughter
Catherine, wife of William Savery of Norwich, England. In
Barbadocs the name appeared soon after its advent to New
England, coupled with several Christian names common in both
migrations. The name Anthony, rare among the Pilgrims and
Puritans of that day, but common to the Wiltshire and Plym-
outh County Saverys, appears to me very suggestive of a
kinship: but as I suspect that the Philadelphia family de-
scended from this source, it will be expedient to treat of the
name in Barbadoes elsewhere and more in detail.
THE NAME ix NEW EXCJLAND.
The fiftieth name on the first list of freemen of Plymouth
Colony, 1033, is Anthony Savery, repeated in a longer list of
1030-7, and again in a list of 1039.* Opposite the name on
this list is the word -dead/' but he is mentioned in the records
until as late as 1042.
The second occurrence of the name is that of Thomas Savory
in April, 1034, as one of that ill-advised expedition organized
by Howland, then one of the governor's assistants, to dislodge
the alleged intruder Hocking from his trading position on the
KenneW Uiver, which he held, it was said, in defiance of the
chartered rights of Plymouth Colony. Hocking refusing to
depart when summoned, Savory was ordered, with John Frish
Wrongly printed " l:w, a* a close look at the MS. shows.
THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 13
and William Reimoles, to " cut his cables," and succeeded in
cutting one, "but were drifted away from the other by the
strength of the streme." Mr. Rowland, seeing they could not
reach it, " called him abord and bid Moses Talbot goe with
them, who went very reddily and brought the canow to Hock-
ing's cable." But Hocking then came on deck with a "carbine
and a pistole in his hand and p r sently p'sented his peece at
Thomas Savory ; but the canow with the tide was put nere the
bow of the barque, w v]l Hocking seeing p r sently put his peece
almost to Moyses Talbott's head, \v ch M r Howland seeing called
to him desiering him not to shut his man but to take himselfe
for his mark," saying " his men did but that which Ire com-
manded them." Hocking, however, fired and shot Talbot, and
was himself immediately killed by a shot from Rowland's
"barke." Bradford in his journal calls this affair one of the
saddest things which befell them since they came. Governor
Winthrop deplores it as " much condemned by all men," and
which u brought us all and the gospel under a common reproach
of cutting one another's throats for beaver." John Alden, the
Puritan magistrate, was present, and was arrested and put
'under bonds for his appearance to answer for his complicity in it
when required. An investigation by the proper authorities in
England disclosed that Hocking was really a trespasser; and
therefore the assault on him was technically justified, though
none the less injudicious and reprehensible. But it came near
making this genealogy impossible.
The next mention of the name is among the passengers of
the. "Mary and John," who took the oaths of allegiance and
supremacy exacted before leaving England on the 24th day of
March, 1633, which in old style was the last day of the year.
Thomas Savery is the twelfth on the list, and William Savery
the twentieth. They arrived at Ipswich in May, 1634, after a
passage of about five or six weeks. Savage, in his " Genealogi-
cal Dictionary," betrays a strange carelessness in confounding
this second Thomas with the Plymouth man so often and favor-
14 THE SAYERY FAMILIES.
ably mentioned in Old Colony affairs. But however unsavory
the tale told by the Ipswich records of this new-comer, we are
left in the dark as to the precise nature or degree of his offence.
It was certainly in part of an ecclesiastical character, for it took
place k> in the time of exercise." We know that bitter dissen-
sions existed in the early church at Ipswich, by which some
account for the loss of the church books, their destruction
prompted, it is supposed, by a desire to bury the scandal. In a
small community aiming at an ideal perfection iii faith and
morals, the administration of church and state was blended,
and the most venial delinquencies were regarded with a
microscopic eye: while the alternative of whipping (and even
sometimes death) or banishment was presented as the dread
penalty of a too aggressive religious heterodoxy. That this
Thomas was not a bad man is proved by the fact that immedi-
ately after his second and more serious escapade, he removed to
Newport, U. I., with Coddington, one of the earliest champions
of freedom of religious thought in the New World, who under-
took after his own way to found a colony which was to be
"judged and guided by the laws of Christ"; of which it must
be confessed those of Massachusetts Bay were but a travesty/
In a list of - Inhabitants admitted at the town of Nieuport Since
30 th 3 r " mo. 1038" (K. 1. Hist, Coll., Vol. I., p. 92), the name
"Thomas Sauorie " occurs next before that of Hugh Durdall.
Turning back to p. 48 of the volume just cited, we find a
receipt from the Indian Washaganeeset witnessed by Hugh
Durdall and Thomas Saber y, the latter signing by mark, for
money paid by Coddington and his friends for ground broken
up. or any other title, etc., of the island of Aquedneck. I
find no trace of him after his settlement at Newport, nor any
indication that he left posterity. Requiescat in pace.
Of his companion William we find no further mention, but,
as we will show hereafter, no doubt he removed to Newbury
with the Ipswich people, and was the father of Robert, the
undoubted progenitor of the Kssex County Savorys.
THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 15
Several distinct traditions in the Plymouth branches repre-
sent the early Saverys as remarkable for greatness of stature,
aquiline or Roman nose, and black hair contrasting with blue
eyes ; * and I have met with striking examples of these physi-
cal traits in both families. f
Farmer, in his " Genealogical Register of the Early Settlers
of New England," A'. D. 1829, says of the Pilgrims, Thomas
and Anthony, that they u came from Slade in Devonshire
before 1640." Savage, in his later and more elaborate work,
says that no such place Avas found by him. It is, however, the
name of the manor or family seat of a branch of the Saverys of
Devonshire, situated in the then parish of Plympton, St. Mary,
now partly in Cornwood, but the first of the name who lived
there was Richard, of Willing, in Rattery, who, succeeding his
father at Willing in 1618, afterwards removed to Slade, and
died there in 1646.J A faint oral tradition of a Devonshire
origin has come down in one line, but I failed to trace it to any
source early enough to give it value, and a thorough search of
Devonshire parish records and wills absolutely discredits it,
*Some ethnologists consider this contrast indicative of a Norman extraction. In
some places in Great Britain the Norman blood has been preserved in more purity than
in others, and so with Welsh and Danish, while other communities are more purely
Saxon. The Normans who invaded the South and West of England were distinguished
from their cognate race, the Danes of the North and East, by darker hair and less florid
complexion, while both preserved the truces cerulei oculi, noted by Tacitus in the ancient
Teutonic tribes. The Normans probably had to some extent, during a southern resi-
dence, mixed their blood with people who had inherited a darker complexion by an
earlier admixture with remnants of the primitive Basque or Iberian race, hemmed in or
driven to the seacoast in a still more remote age by the. advancing Celts.
fThe following interesting anecdote, told me by my father, I give for what it is
worth : Once, on visiting Eastport, he met a former neighbor then residing there, who
related that he had recently seen a gentleman on the street, whose gait in walking was
so much like that of his (my father's) father, that it excited his curiosity to discover who
he was, and he learned, on inquiry, that he was the Hon. George Savary, of Bradford,
Mass., whose record as sixth from Robert, of Newbury, will appear in its proper place.
If there is anything in physical type to prove kinship after so long descent and so many
intermarriages, it connects the Plymouth, Essex County, and New Hampshire families of
this name. The late Dr. Charles A. Savory, of Lowell, whom I cannot trace to Robert, of
Newbury, or Thomas, of Plymouth, bore a striking resemblance to my late father in
every particular, except those in which my father differed from the original typical
Saverys. The doctor had the commanding stature and aquiline nose, which my father
had not, but which his father, my grandfather, had.
1 1 have lately found another Slade near Sidmouth, Devon, but no trace of a Savery in
1(3 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
disclosing no trace in that county of any Anthony Savery
whatever, and none of any Thomas who could be identified
with the early immigrants. It is, however, an historical fact
that the passengers by the " Mary and John " were from Wilt-
shire or places on its borders, and were influenced in their
migration by their devotion to the person and ministry of the
celebrated Rev. Robert Parker, of Newbury, Berkshire, whose
early home was near Hanington, Wilts ; and a search in the
records of that parish, while it does not give me any Thomas
and William whom I can clearly indentify as the Thomas and
William of the " Mary and John, gives" me a Thomas and an
Anthony answering to those of that name who appeared at
Plymouth the year before. The names of Thomas and Anthony
are frequently mentioned together in the Old Colony records,
and in such a way in the later records as if they lived together,
occurring jointly in 1642 in an allotment of cattle, Thomas
always having precedence, as if the elder ; so ive infer they were
On May 1, 1598, Robert Savery was buried at Hanington,
and on the 15th his will, in which he is styled husbandman,
was proved by his widow Joan. He left his u free lands " to
his son Thomas, and 40*. each to his u three brothers, Richard,
Thoma* and Anthonie" but does not say where these brothers
lived. I infer tjiat Thomas was his only son, and he must have
remained at Hanington, on the paternal acres devised to him.
The records of all the neighboring parishes in Wiltshire, and
over the border, in Berks, contain abundant mention of the
name, but some records do not extend back quite so far as
these of Hanington, while the latter do not, until a considerably
later date, give the parentages in case of baptism, or the ages
at death in case of burials. But on Jan. 26, 1596, Thomas
Savory, who it seems certain was this only son of Robert, married
Mary Woodrorke, and I find, in due course, a Robert Savory chris-
tened May 14, 1598. That this child should have been given
the iiamr of his father's father was in accordance with a cus-
THE SAVERY FAMILIES. 17
torn almost universal in those days.* Next in 1601, March 4
(1602, new style), less than two years after Robert's birth,
" Thomas Savory the younger " was baptized ; the younger, I
think, indicates that his father's name also was Thomas.
Again, Feb. 8, 1603 (1604, new style), Thomas Savory was
baptized, Thomas Savory, Sr., and William Batson, Jr., being
godfathers. This godfather may have been the brother Thomas
mentioned in the will of Robert. A Thomas Savory (whether
this now old man, or one of these infants does not appear) was
buried Feb. 17, 1604, and an " Anthonie Savorie " was baptized
Jan. 20, 1605 (1606, new style). There is the strongest
probability that one of these infant Thomases and this Anthony
were the brothers (second and third sons of Thomas Savory
and Mary Woodrorke, and grandsons of the testator Robert),
who came to Plymouth in the wake of the Pilgrim fathers.
If I could find the descendants of their great-uncle Anthony,
mentioned in Robert's will, I should expect to find in one of
his grandchildren the Anthony who died in Barbadoes in 1682,
while among the later descendants of this younger Robert, or
of his great-uncle Richard, might perhaps be found the Robert
who appears in Portsmouth, N. H., in 1746. Richard and
Robert, sons of Richard, were born at Hanington in 1650 and
1654, respectively, a circumstance that repeated itself in or
near Portsmouth or Seabrook, N. H., about 1781 and 1783.
There were several William Saverys at Hanington, and one
at least at Lambourne, Berkshire, about thirteen miles distant,
about this period ; the names Thomas and William, Thomas and
Anthony, William and Robert, Robert and Richard, run alter-
nately as of father and son, or in couples as of brothers, all
through these Hanington and adjacent records, while the
name Humphrey also was common, one of that name who was
buried at Hanington, July 13, 1615, mentioning in his will,
dated June 20, and proved Nov. 27 of that year, his eldest
son Thomas (suggesting that his father's name was Thomas),
* In Wales, David ap John ap David ap John, and so on, often runs back many
18 THE S A VERY FAMILIES.
and his youngest son Richard, and John Savery, of Farrington,
and Catherine Savery. All these names, except Thomas,
which was common everywhere, and Anthony, a favorite
among Roman Catholics, were distinctively Norman names ; and
while .the Essex County and younger New Hampshire branch
preserved most of them as family names, the Plymouth family
retained only those of the immigrant ancestors, seeming to turn
their backs upon all the traditions of their fathers as soon as
they touched the New World. In 1637, Thomas Savory was
churchwarden of Hanington. The family was allied by inter-
marriage to one of Marsh, at one time of considerable note in
the parish, one of whom, Rev. Triptolemus Marsh, D. D.,
liecame Archbishop of Dublin. From this family, therefore, as
so many offshoots or scions from a parent tree, still well rep-
resented on the old soil, I deduce all of the name who are
treated in the ensuing pages, except those shown to be descended
from the Severits or Severys, of Marblehead, including the
Philadelphia family, provided I am correct in my matured
opinion that the undoubted ancestor of the latter was born in
Anthony Savery evidently died in or soon after the year
1(542, and I find no trace of his leaving any children. The
births of none appear in the records, and I think he was un-
married, unless the Mary Savery, who in 1661 married Joseph
Ramsden, when Thomas's daughter Mary was but seven years
old, was his widow.* Still it is possible that he may have been
married, and the father of a Joseph, mentioned hereafter.
* She was Ramsden's second wife, he having first married, 1646, Rachel, daughter .
THOMAS SAVORY, THE PILGRIM. 19
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY.
THOMAS SAVORY, THE PILGRIM.
Son, as I think, of Thomas Savory and Mary Woodrorke, and
grandson of Robert Savory of Hanington, Wiltshire, England,
who died in 1598. The next mention of his name in Old
Colony records is in Pierce's colony lists (Company rolls,
p. 73), containing names of all male persons residing in Plymouth
Colony able to perform military duty, i. e., between 16 and 60
years of age, in April, 1643, " as shewn by the special return
of an actual examination and inspection made at that time."
In 1641 we find he sold a house at Squerrill to Josiah Pratt.
" Squerrill hill " is supposed to have been on Summer Street,
near the site of the rolling mills in modern Plymouth. In
deeds he is always styled " Planter." In 1646 he had a differ-
ence " about a canoe " with William Bradford, who was ordered
by the court to pay him five shillings. From 1644 to 1650 he
is often mentioned as custodian of the cattle kept at the public
expense for the benefit of the poor.* In 1652, "Thomas
Savory is endented with by the Court to serve in the office of
under-Marshall, and to have 20 nobles per annum besides his
ordinary fees." On the 2d August, 1653, Thomas and his wife
Anne covenanted with Thomas Lettice that Thomas Savory,
Jr., " aged 5 years or thereabouts on the 15 th day of March "
previous, should remain with him as an apprentice till the age
*ln 1623, Mr. Wlnslow had visited England, and returning in 1624 brought with him
the first cattle introduced into the colony, consisting of a bull and three heifers. One
of the latter, sent by Mr. Shirley, a warm friend of Jhe colony, was to be held, with its
increase, for the benefit of the poor.
20 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
of 21. This document, found in Vol. II., Part I., p. 71, of
the Registry of Deeds, Plymouth,' contains the autograph
We are surprised at the apprenticeship of a child so young,
but it was quite in accord with the custom of the times. So
we find John, son of Samuel Eddy, not yet eight years old, ap-
prenticed to Francis Gould, April 3, 1645.* " Happy is the
man who hath his quiver full of them." Was it a rule of
brotherly love among our Pilgrim fathers to share a plethora
of such blessings with friends or kindred less highly favored?
Again, on the third day of November, 1653, they indenture a
son Benjamin to John Shaw and Alice his wife, he being "9
years old in March next ensuing." In 1655 he was granted
" one share " of land for his children in the "Major's purchase."
On the 2d of March, 1657, he and his wife again indenture
Benjamin to Stephen Bryant, describing him as " 13 years old
this present month." He is to be " instructed in husbandry,'*
and to receive 5 stg. at the end of his term.
That our immigrant ancestor was intrusted with the manage-
ment of very important affairs appears by the following ex-
tract from the accounts found due by the colony in the report of
Major Josias Winslow, Mr. Josias Winslow, Sr., and Nathaniel
1660. 13 June
To Thomas Sauory by the countreye's order . . . 14. 10.
More paied by him for charges of taking up, driueing,
grasing of the countreye's cattle for horse hier att
seuerall times for money paied on account of trooping
horses and seuerall other charges p'ticularly appeer-
ing in his accounts ' . 214. 13. 4
* K.ldy Family Genealogy, p. 102.
THOMAS SAVORY, THE PILGRIM. 21
From this it would appear that he was commissioned to buy
horses for the use of the colonial troops in the Indian wars.
Again we find in these accounts :
More to Thomas Sauory by the countres order . 20. 00. 00
And again in 1661, 10th of June, appears among other items
due by the colony :
To Thomas Savory yet unpaid . . . . . 5. 18. 1
Similar mentions of sums due him at various times occur.
In 1661, Jan. 4, Thomas Savory sells to Zachariah Eddy
a piece of land lying near Whetstone's Vineyard in Major's
purchase, abounded on or near where Eddy lives.
On the 20th of February, 1662, Thomas Savory makes over
to Samuel Eddy (who it will be seen was his brother-in-law)
land commonly called and known as Point Puncateeset, lying
over and against Pond Island, for and in lieu of a piece of land
belonging to the said Samuel Eddy, lying near Four-mile Brook
in the township of Plymouth, also a piece of upland lying and
being near Fresh Lake.
On the 21st of February, 1663, ten acres of land were granted
to Thomas Savory " at the foure mile brook lying next unto his
other land there." By a record dated March 22, same year,
" the several lots on Puncateeset Neck are described : 3 rd lot is
on the West side of the South Point bounded on the south end
with a walnut stake standing at the highway side betwixt 2 nd
lot and this ; at the North end butteth to the highway at the
Cove as far as a white thorn bush ; at the east side bounded
with the highway ; at the West side with the sea and fogland
beach." This record is under the names of Thomas Savory and
Samuel Eddy. On the sixth day of March, 1665, we find
another autograph signature as witness to an administration
* These signatures are a little reduced.
22 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
In May, same year, he became surety for the good behavior
of John Barlow, who being charged with an offence against
good morals, protested his innocence. July 10, 1667, he sold
to Zachariah Eddy thirty acres adjoining land on which the
latter then lived at Middleboro.
On the seventh day of June, 1670, with the usual strong and
expressive adjectives unfortunately used by our stern old fore-
fathers to emphasize every adverse record, we find that Thomas-
Savory was dismissed from his office of under-marshal for lack
of vigilance in his care of prisoners, " especially by letting of
one Joseph Turner,* committed to him as his prisoner make his-
escape from him to the great offence of the Court and country ;
the said Turner being found guilty of many abominable crimes,
and had received his demerits had he not made his escape as
aforesaid." But on a petition of the inhabitants for his rein
statement, the court, as early as the 5th of the following
month, was "persuaded ... to admit him to his place
again," and he evidently held the office until his death.
Finally, on the 7th of March, 1676, his widow Ann proves his-
will, dated April 1, 1674.
The last Will and Testament of Thomas Savory Senior. I give my
soule to him that gave it and my body to a decent burial. And next 1 give
to Anne my dearly beloved wife all that estate that I have that is to say
my house and lands both uplands and meddows with all my mouables in
the house and belonging to the house or all that appeares to be mine from
any other thus I say and will and give to Anne my deare wife, shee to pay
all my debts, and I desire my deare wife to consider my son Aaron att her
decease if she have anything left, and the Reasons why I give all to my
wife is because I have little my debts being payed; 1 leave her sole admin-
istrator and executor. THOMAS SAVORY.
The inventory comprised, inter alia, " land at 4 mile Brook,.
12," "Bible and psalm book," and "other books"; "house
* Turner was probably son of Humphrey Turner, one of the founders of the church
In Scituate, and hie "crimes" would In our eyes probably seem mere peccadillos.
THOMAS SAVORY, THE PILGRIM. 23
and land upland and meadow and orchard and plough land,
9 acres at hand and 5 more lying at the fishing point, and 3
score acres lying at 4 mile brook, and 4 acres of meddow lying
att the four mile brook."
Thus looms up through the vista of a quarter of a millennium
the venerable figure of our first American ancestor. It pro-
jects from incidents, most of them insignificant of themselves,
but magnified to us by the mists of time through which we
would fain estimate his character. As a youth, we see him
ready to offer his life in the discharge of a duty laid on him b}^
his superior in civil authority. That he disbursed large sums
of money for the infant commonwealth with fidelity and honor,
the public accounts, and his pathetic testamentary allusion to
his own slender means, amply prove. No temptation to turn
this to his own profit ever overcame him. The records do not
lack indication that he was not always in outward deportment
a Puritan "after the straitest manner" of his sect. Of pure
motives and strict probity, his failings, like those of Gold-
smith's country parson, " leaned to virtue's side." We can
imagine him exceptionally genial in manners, and perhaps im
prudently trustful of others because strictly faithful and true
himself ; while the family Bible and psalm book, never wanting
in his household, attest his devotional feeling, and that his was
the language of old, " yet I will rejoice in the Lord, I will joy
in the God of my salvation." He was evidently better edu-
cated than the mass of his contemporaries, and although not
among the leaders of the colony, he was high up in their con-
fidence and in the esteem of the people at large, and a conspic-
uous figure in social and civic affairs. Descended from a long
and honorable line of independent English yeomen, or small
landed proprietors, he inherited in ample measure those more
splendid qualities which the Norman race grafted on the sturdy
tree of the Anglo-Saxon character, and was a fair type of the
dauntless planters of British civilization in the New World,
amidst gloom and terrors scarcely conceivable by us to whom
24 THE SAVBRY FAMILIES.
they bequeathed such a magnificent heritage. The precise date
and exact place of his birth like the features of his coun-
tenance and his physical aspect are lost forever in the shadows
of the past ; and the place of his sepulchre has been forgotten
by his posterity.
' Xo longer seek his merits to disclose,
Nor draw his frailties from their dread abode;
There they alike in trembling hope repose,
The bosom of his father and his God."
It is to be regretted that we have no reliable records illustrat-
ing the character of our "Pilgrim mother," except the affec-
tionate and devoted terms in which she is thrice mentioned in
the short will of her husband, evidently his own composition, for
its phraseology is not that of an official or professional scribe.
There is nothing whatever to show her parentage, any clew to
which evades research. In a deed dated March 22, 1677-8,
recorded Vol. IV., p. 311, of Plymouth records, she conveys
to Anthony and Aaron, her sons, the land at Four-mile Brook
which " fell to my late husband Thomas Savory by exchange
with our brother-in-law Samuel Eddy." In which of several
ways the affinity thus spoken of consisted, we can only conjec-
ture. Samuel Eddy, the progenitor of a distinguished American
family, was a son of the Rev. William Eddy, A. M., a native
of Bristol and vicar of Cranbrook, Kent, England. (See Eddy
Family, with Genealogy, by R. H. Eddy, Boston, 1882.) He
had a sister Anna, born May, 1603, but the language, " our
brother-in-law," was not exactly what would have been used by
her, and we cannot suppose her to have been the mother of the
Mary born 1654, and we have reason to believe there were still
younger children of Thomas and Anne Savory. She and
Samuel Eddy's wife may have been sisters ; but the language,
although it would suit this, is still better adapted to the con-
dition that Samuel Eddy married Thomas Savory's sister.*
In this deed, also, we find the only reference to a son
* Hut we cannot find her birth on the Hanington records.
THOMAS SAVORY, THE PILGRIM.
Anthony. We may conjecture that he and Aaron were younger
sons who had remained under the parental roof after the others
had left, or been otherwise provided for; and no doubt the
deed was intended, as far as Aaron was concerned, as a fulfil-
ment of the testamentary behest. The loss of some old book
or books of town and church records deprives us of complete
data of the births of Thomas Savory's children, a matter in
respect to which the Savery family in this, and, as will be seen
in the next generation, is exceptionally unfortunate. Five
only are found recorded. In Vol. IV., p. 50, on March 1,
16634, we find this : u Richard Willis and Joseph Savery fined
3 s 4 d for breaking the peace towards each other." I suspect that
this Joseph was still another son of Thomas. I therefore con-
struct the following list of his children : -
I. Joseph 2 (?). No further trace of him appears.
II. Benjamin, b. March, 1644-5; no trace of him appears except
the two apprenticeships already mentioned.
III. Thomas, b. March 15, 1647-8 ; we have seen that he was at the
age of five apprenticed to Thomas Lettice. It appears
that later he was apprenticed to, or in some way employed
by the worthy and distinguished Timothy Hatherly, the
founder of Scituate, who was so active and influential in
the history of the infant colony ; for he is remembered by
him in his will, dated Dec. 20, 1664, by the bequest of 50s.,
u to be payed when his service is expired." He was killed
in a battle with the Indians, 27th March, 1676, while serv-
ing under Capt. Pierce, who was sent with a company of
fifty white men and twenty friendly Indians from Cape
Cod, to pursue the Indians to Rhode Island. They crossed
the river at Pawtucket, and were surrounded and defeated.
(See Deane's u History of Scituate," pp. 121 and 122 ; where
will be found [a letter from the Rev. Noah Newman of
Rehoboth, to the Rev. John Cotton, of Plymouth.) He
says that fifteen out of the eighteen men from Scituate in
this expedition were slain; the major part of whom
(among them "Thomas Savary") he says were heads of
families. Denne says (p. 336), tk Thomas Savory had
settled at Scituate in 1675. He was the son of Thomas
of Sandwich. He had lands in the 2 mile, but probably
had no family." The U 2 mile" was a strip of land
Og THE SAVER Y FAMILIES.
added to Scituate at the instance of Hatherly. He may have
been spoken of as " head of a family," although living,
unmarried, with widowed mother and younger children.
IV. Moses, b. Jan. 22, 1649-50; d. June 9, 1650.
2 V 7 . Samuel, b. June 4, 1651.
VI, Jonathan, b. March 4, 1652-3. In the original manuscript
record I find the name first written " Dauiell," which was
erased and "Jonathan" written above it. No further
trace of him appears.
VII. Mary, b. April ', 1654.
VIII. Anthony, b. probably 1655. Ricketson's "History of New Bed-
ford/' p. 347, places his [name at the foot of a list of
those who had taken the freeman's oath as citizens of
Dartmouth in and previous to the year 1686. I find no
further trace of him, unless he is the one who, according to
my more mature opinion, was a son of Samuel, and who
married Margaret Price in 1703, when, this Anthony would
be forty-eight years old.
IX. Aaron, b. probably before March 22, 1656-7; for I presume he
was of age when he and Anthony received their deed from
their mother. From the records of the laying out of lands
in the registry office at New Bedford, I find him living
at Dartmouth (head of Acushnet River), in 1711. His
will was proved August, .1717, mentioning only his wife
Hannah. He probably left no children. At Dartmouth,
Oct. 19, 1728, the intentions of marriage between John
Perry of Sandwich, and Hannah Savery of Dartmouth,
were entered by the town clerk, but no record of the
marriage can be found. John Perry died 1732, leaving no
What l)ecame of the sons not accounted for above I cannot
say, although I have made diligent and persevering efforts to
ascertain. Samuel alone remained and settled in Plymouth
County or left any issue that I can discover. Considerable
migration from the Old Colony to New Jersey took place in
that generation and the next, especially of those who favored
the doctrines of the " Friends," and from New Jersey many
moved over to Pennsylvania ; and for some time I hoped thus
to prove the ancestry of the eminent minister. The pedigree of
President Lincoln illustrates this migration, going back through
Pennsylvania to New Jersey, where his Quaker ancestors were
an offshoot from the Old Colony.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. 27
SAMUEL 2 SAVERY (Thomas 1 ), born in or near Plymouth,
June 4, 1651. No record of his marriage or death is to be
found, and we are even left in ignorance of his wife's Christian
name. In 1681, Jan. 30, he was granted twenty acres of
land "between John's Pond and the Cedar Swamp," Swan-
hold. Swanhold was in the present town of Carver, formerly
Plympton. On Feb. 6, 1701-2, the government decreed that
every freeholder of six years' standing, who had not received a
grant of thirty acres of land, should forthwith receive that
quantity. July 20, 1716, he sold 30 acres of land granted him
by the town of Plymouth on Feb. 9, 1701-2, to Abiel Shurt-
liffe for 40s. As to his children the records again fail us.
About the middle of page fifty-two of the town records of
Rochester, we find " Samuel Savory, Jr., born y e 16 th day of
November in the year 1695." Then after the entry of John
Bumpas's children (from 1695 to 17b9) there follows this:
" The births of Samuel Savery Senr's children are as follows " ;
proceeding to mention " Judee " in 1679-80, and Susanna,
1690 (ten years later), with the note, " his son's age may be
seen above. " These entries were evidently all made at one
time, and not earlier than 1715, and no doubt copied from
fragmentary remains of an older book. In Vol. I. of Plymouth
town records, p. 112, the entry of the births of the children
of Thomas 3 Savery is headed thus: " Children of Thomas
Savery. Born Oct. 3, 1681." Whoever prompted this lucky
addition to the name of the parent may have been conscious of
the fact that his birth was not elsewhere recorded. Thomas in
1699 (18 years old) was a member of the South Military Com-
pany of Plymouth, which embraced Rochester, where Samuel
was settled. There was no other Savery than Samuel then in
Plymouth County who could have been this Thomas's father.
28 THE SAVEBY FAMILIES.
Thomas handed down the name Samuel to his posterity, and
his birth evidently fits the first vacant space after that of
Judith. The children of Samuel were therefore:
3 I. Anthony 3 .
II. Mary, b. Jan. 3, 1678-9 ; ra. 1703, James Bumpas.
Ill Judith, b. Jan. 10, 1679-80. I read from the records that she
' m., by Samuel Prince, Esq., Feb. 27, 1719-20, Ebenezer
Perry, but the correct date must be much earlier. In those
days early marriages were the almost universal rule ; and
the records show that there were born to "Ebenezer Perry
and his wife Judee," (1) Ebenezer 4 , b. May 21, 1718;
(2) Mary, twin of Ebenezer; (3) Hannah, b. July 6, 1722;
and (4) Samuel Savery, b. Sept. 16, 1724 (she being then 44).
He was probably the same Ebenezer Perry who had first m.
June 14, 1708, Mary Burgess, and hadch. : Meribah, b.Dec.
4, 1709; and Edmund, b. March 24, 1710-11.
4 IV. Thomas, b. Oct. 3, 1681.
V. Susanna, b. May 19, 1690; m. April 3,1728, Peter Oman, a
Quaker. They had ch. : (1) Elizabeth 4 , b. March 22, 1729;
(2) Deborah, b. Feb. 23, 1730-1; (3) Simon, b. Aug. 25,
VI. Samuel, b. Nov. 16, 1695. Was living, an invalid, with Margaret
Savery, widow of Anthony 3 in 1723, which adds more
strength to my opinion that this Anthony was son,
rather than brother, of Samuel 2 , as he would be more likely
to have a home with a brother's than with an uncle's
widow. Mention is made of him as late as 1724. Never
ANTHONY 8 SAVERY (Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was probably the
eldest of the family. He married Feb. 2, 1703, Margaret Price,
and died Jan. 27, 1711. With tantalizing incompletness, the
Rochester record says he was in " y e year of his age."
His widow survived him many years. He owned land at
Rochester, a piece adjoining which was "laid out" to his son
Anthony, as mentioned in Vol I., p. 413, old Proprietors'
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. 29
I. Ruth 3 , b. July 28, 1704. She married Look. Her chil-
dren, Margaret 4 , who m. Wing, Alice Look, and Ruth
Look, are mentioned iii the will of her brother Anthony. A
descendant, Savery Look, m. Jemima Swift in 1796, and
had dau. Jemima.
II. Joseph, b. April 5, 1706; m. Oct. 13, 1736, Experience Killer,
of a Quaker family living near the Dartmouth line. In
1740, and again in 1742, he was fined 4 for refusing to
serve in the office of constable. I suspect that he had
embraced the religious tenets of his wife, which, while
they fully recognized the obligations of civil authority,
prescribed caution in the acceptance of such offices as
required the taking or administering of oaths, or the
employment of arms. I find no trace of any posterity nor
record of his death, and in respect to him also it is quite
probable that he may have removed to more congenial
III. Anthony, b. Oct. 24, 1708; d. July 31, 1788. He accumulated a
good property, and lived and died at Rochester, leaving no
issue, and probably unmarried, mentioning in his will only
his brother Joseph and his sisters' children, Margaret Wing
and Alice and Ruth Look.
THOMAS 3 SAVERY (Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), born (probably in
Rochester) Oct. 3, 1681 O. S; married Dec. 14, 1T05, by Rev.
Roland Cotton, Esther Saunderson or Saunders ; the latter name
being no doubt an abbreviation of the former, as we see the two
forms often interchanged in the Old Colony records. She was,
perhaps, daughter of Henry, of Sandwich. We have seen that
he was living at Rochester at the age of eighteen, but removed
to the " Agawam plantation," where in a deed dated March 6,
1727, from Micah Gibbs, he is described as of Plymouth, hus-
bandman. Agawam was then a part of Plymouth ; hence the
recording of his children's births at Plymouth. He was quite
conspicuous in the affairs of the infant plantation, and died
there about 1731. His oldest son, Uriah, administered on his
estate, which was inventoried at X 162.
30 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
I. Mary 4 , b. June 21, 1706; m. Ichabod Sampson, whose parents
were Samuel Sampson and Mercy, daughter of Obadiah
and grand-daughter of Samuel Eddy.
1 A II. Uriah, b. April 30, 1708.
IB III. Thomas, b. April 26, 1710.
IV. Lydia, b. July 21, 1712; m. Thomas Bates, of the Agawam
plantation. Ch. : (1) Sarah 5 ,!). Dec. 6, 1737. (2) Mercy, b.
Xov. 13, 1739. (3) Lydia, b. Jan. 16, 1747. (4) Patience,
b. March 23, 1754; m. May 4, 1771, John Carver. (5) Mar-
garet, b. May 8, 1756. (6) Samuel, b. Aug. 11, 1758.
V. Esther, b. April 2, 1715; m. 1735, Lemuel Jackson, of
1C VI. Samuel, b. Aug. 18, 1718.
VII. Mehitable, b. April 15, 1721.
I will now subdivide the genealogy of the Old Colony family,
and treat of the descendants of the three sons of Thomas 3 under
three heads, A, B, and C, respectively, with distinct sets of
Miss LYDJA A. SAVAHY
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. 31
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY.
URIAH 4 S A VERY (Thomatf, Samuel*, Thomas 1 ), was born
April 30, 1708 ; and married Sept. 3, 1738, Deborah, daughter
of Isaac Bumpas, or Bumpus, of Rochester, Mass., afterwards
of Lyme, Conn., by wife Mary, daughter of Ezra Perry, of
Sandwich. She was born Aug. 31, 1712, and received into full
church membership Aug. 15, 1736. In the marriage record
she is styled " Mrs." ; but it does not follow that she was a
widow, for " Miss " was in those days applied only to young
girls. Women of mature years and respectable social rank
were styled " Mrs." Those in humble life usually had no prefix
given them in such records. Similarly, in case of married
people, " Goodman " and " Goodwife," as contrasted with the
more dignified " Mr." and " Mrs.," denoted an inferior social
position. The father of Isaac was John Bumpas, a large landed
proprietor, son of Edward Bompasse, the first of his name in
America, who came over in the " Fortune," the first vessel that
followed the " Mayflower," arriving Nov. 6, 1621, with Robert
Cushman, noted in Pilgrim annals, and thirty-five more pas-
sengers, to re-enforce the infant colony. This name, in defiance
of euphony, has been shortened to Bump, in which form it has
been adorned by the laurels of a distinguished law writer.*
Rejecting the repeated consonant and superfluous final e,
* The late Orlando F. Bump, of the Baltimore Bar.
32 THE S A VERY FAMILIES.
peculiar to the orthography of that age, from the name as it
appears on the list of passengers by the " Fortune," we have
" Bompas," a name well and honorably known in the legal
annals of the present and past generations in England.* The
Norman and French Bonpas, literally translated " Goodstep,"
is an aristocratic name in France. Doubtless it crossed the
Channel with the Normans, and perhaps again with the Hugue-
nots, although in their day the name was conspicuous in
Brittany on the Catholic side. According to the author of
' The Norman People," the form " Bumpus " also exists as a
distinct name in England, derived from Boneboz in Normandy,
a fief held of the Earls of Mellent. Was appointed " Tything-
man " in!754 ; date of death not recorded.
2 I. Thomas 5 , b. Aug. 26, 1739.
II. Mercy, b. July 24, 1741 ; probably m. March 1, 1769, Zephaniah
Thomas, of Middleboro.
3 III. Isaac, b. Sept. 5, 1743.
IV. Samuel, b. Xov. 5, 1746. Xo further trace of him appears.
4 V. Xathan, b. 1748.
THOMAS' SAVERY ( Uriah 4 , Thomas*, Samuel-, Thomas'), was
born probably at Wareham, Aug. 26, 1739 ; and married March
31, 1766, Elizabeth Randall, of Rochester. She died April,
I. Hannah 6 , b. June 27, 1767; m. 1789, Benjamin Benson.
II. Elizabeth, b. June 3, 1769.
III. Mary, b. April 20, 1771 ; m. June 22, 1794, Benj. Writington.
* Sergeant (at law) Bompas was said to have been the original of Sergeant Buz fuz in
Dlckenrt's EMckwick trial. Dr. Bompas is the missionary bishop of Selkirk, Canadian
Northwest; and Bompas, Bischoff & Bompas is an eminent firm of solicitors in London.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 33
IV. Mercy, b. Oct. 30, 1772.
V. Charity, b. March 28, 1775; d. unm. June 15, 1865.
5 VI. Thomas, b. Feb. 24, 1777.
VII. Peleg, b. June 26. 1789; m. June 30, 1807, Sally Caswell. Had
ch. : (1) Albert, b. 1808 ; d. unm. 1828. (2) Justina, who
died, soon after marriage, childless.
ISAAC 6 SAVERY (Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was
born Sept. 5, 1743 ; married Jan. 1, 1772, Deliverance Clifton.
The Cliftons were allied in some way to the Saverys from the
first advent of the families to America. Savorie Clifton had a
son Benjamin, born 1690. Benjamin had sons, Timothy, born
March 9, 1719, and Benjamin. Timothy married Deliverance,
and had children: (1) Dorothy, born June 9, 1743; married
Savery Hatheway. (2) S.arah, born Dec. 31, 1744. (3) Mary,
born Oct. 30, 1746 ; married John Keen. (4) Lydia, born March
16, 1748, who married Eben Holmes, whose descendant, Hon.
John Holmes, was a lawyer of distinction. (5) Anna, born Feb.
3, 1750 ; married Eben Bowles. (6) Deliverance, born Sept. 26,
1753 ; married Isaac Savery. (7) Savery, born March 17, 1756.
(8) Meribah, born Oct. 24, 1758 ; married Job Mendall.
(9) Timothy, born March 17, 1761. There was also a Savery
Clifton born in 1713, and another in 1759, the latter a son of
Benjamin. For an interesting account of English Cliftons,
who went to Leyden with the Pilgrims, see Hunter's " Founders
of New Plymouth." Many peculiar Christian names are so
common to both families as to suggest a near kinship between
these notable Pilgrims and the Old Colony Cliftons. A rigid
Puritan in religion, Isaac Savery inherited the virtues of the
Pilgrim fathers, without the faults, always less conspicuous
in them than in the first colonists of Massachusetts Bay. He
was a man of good education, extensive reading, and deep
thought, a correspondent of Hopkins, Bellamy, and other Puri-
tan writers and divines. He held an evening school for the
better education of his own large family, who all developed
34 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
into intelligent, respected, and useful members of society,
under his judicious religious and intellectual training,
died July 23, 1825, and his wife March 11, 1828.
6 I. Deborah 8 , b. Oct. 2, 1772.
II. Timothy, b. Dec. 14, 1773.
Ill Sarah b. Oct. 8, 1775; m. Feb. 19, 1795, Job Bourne Bumpus,
and lived in New York State. Ch. : (1) Selah 7 ; (2) Benjamin ;
IV. Meribah, b. March 24, 1778; m. Nov. 17, 1799, Reuben
Briggs. No descendants.
V. Deliverance, b. Feb. 20, 1780; m. Capt. Richard Gurney, and
had son, Capt. Barnabas 7 Guruey, who m. Mercy Hatheway.
g VI. Uriah, b. Dec. 24, 1781.
9 VII. Silvia, b. July 5, 1784.
10 VIII. Isaac, b. May 10, 1786.
11 IX. Samuel, b. May 15, 1788.
12 X. Benjamin, b. April 25, 1790.
13 XL Phineas, b. Sept. 23, 1792.
14 XII. Mary, b. May 11, 1795.
NATHAN' SAVERY (Uriah 4 , Thomas?, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ),
was born in Rochester in the year 1748, and named for
his mother's brother, Nathan Bumpas ; married, 1st, Elizabeth
Nye, who is said to have been descended from a Percival family
of rank in England ; she left an honorable memory affection-
ately cherished by a respectable posterity : 2d, at Digby, Nova
Scotia, by Rev. Edward Brudenell, rector, May 28, 1785, Deida-
mia,* daughter of Jeremiah Sabin (fifth in descent from William 1 ,
of Rehoboth, Mass., through Benjamin 2 , Jeremiah 3 , Jeremiah 4 ).
She is said to have been the first white child born in Sissiboo,
now Wey mouth, N. S. Her mother's name was Susanna Le val-
ley or Lavalle'e, whose paternal ancestors were either Hugue-
* The certificate of marriage says, "The banns being lirst duly published according to
an act of the Province, in that case made and provided." At that time, however, mar
rlajte could be solemnized by "license" in the Episcopal Church, and in dissenting
churche* only were the three publications rendered necessary by statute.
THE OLD COLONY FAMLIY. SUBDIVISION A. 35
nots, directly from France, or from the Channel Islands, among
the colonists who founded Marblehead. He joined the Conti-
nental Army at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War for a short
term, and, it is said, was with Gen. Ethan Allen when
he surprised the fortress of Ticonderoga* and demanded its
surrender with the grandiloquent, but, as some think, fabulous f
formula, " In the name of the Great Jehovah and of the Con-
tinental Congress." But he refused to re-enlist, imbibed
partially, .if not wholly, the doctrines and adopted many of the
distinctive practices of the Society of Friends, and at the close
of the war came to Nova Scotia. Sic genus amborum scindit
se sanguine ab uno. He professed that the Declaration of
Independence had wrought a change in his political views and
affiliations ; that he had fought " for redress of grievances, but
not for independence," declaring that u independence," in the
sense of separation, was to him a " hateful word," and held that
the Colonies in arms ought to have accepted the offer of recon-
ciliation;]: made by the government of the parent state, under the
terms of which, I may remark, British America to-day continues
to enjoy the blessings of constitutional liberty, clothed in its
ancient forms, and symbolized by the venerable flag of our
more remote ancestors. Of course, while the institutions of my
own country are as dear to me, and I trust ever will be to my
posterity, as those of my republican kinsmen are to them, I
must not be understood as hinting an opinion, in such a work
as this, as to whether these sentiments were right or wrong. I
merely give them as they were handed down to me. It is pre-
sumed that the national and personal animosities of that day
have been buried -in oblivion. To our American neighbors
* Rev. E. E. Hale at bicentennial celebration of Rochester, 1879.
t The following from the pen of William Cleaves Todd, Esq., A. M., of Newburyport, I
quote from the Hist. Genl. Reg., Vol. XL., p. 380, note: "An amusing illustration of
one of these persistent and popularly cherished fictions has recently come to the knowl-
edge of the writer. According to all histories of the United States, Ethan Allen demanded
from the British commander the surrender of Ticonderoga in the name of the Great
Jehovah and the Continental Congress. Prof. James D. Butler, of Madison, Wis., has
informed me that hi* grandfather, Israel Harris, was present, and had often told him that
Ethan Allen's real language was, ' Come out of here, you d d old rat.' "
+ Acts for the.paritication of America passed Feb. 17, 177H;
36 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
as the victors we look for magnanimous sympathy and respect
in the enjoyment of our own independence and national rights
as a part of the old empire and subjects of the flag of our own
choice ; thus reciprocating the sentiments which our govern-
ment and people ever seek to manifest towards them, while each
of us " under his own vine and fig-tree " may be allowed to glory
with an appreciable and mutually respected pride and in friendly
and generous rivalry in the free institutions and national prosper-
ity which all have alike inherited from their forefathers. In Nova
Scotia he was faithful to the flag under whose folds he finally
sheltered himself, enjoying the favor and confidence of such
pronounced Loyalists as Gideon White of Shelburne, a descend-
ant of Peregrine White of the " Mayflower," and Brig.-
Gen. Kuggles of Sandwich, the latter of whom was at first
stoutly opposed to the measures of the British ministry, but
l>eing averse to the dismemberment of the empire, finally
espoused with zeal the cause of the Crown. Died in 1826 from
erysipelas in the arm.
By first wife :
15 I. Patience 6 , b. March 22, 1772.
16 II. Nathan, l>. .Ian. 21, 1774.
17 III. Mercy.
IV. Amelia, in. 1st, William Swift; ch. (1) Samuel 7 , (2) Richard,
(3) George, (4) Almira, (5) Marietta, (6) Betsey, (7) a
daughter ; in. 2d, Drake of Middleboro, Mass.
V. Aaron, died on a voyage from the South.
By second wife :
V I . Sarah, b. May 14, 1786 ; m. Charles Thybault, of French extra
18 VII. Sabine, b. March 20, 1788.
VIII. Lemuel, died in infancy.
IX. Esther, b. May 10, 1792; in. James Smith.
X. Susannah Levalley, b. July 13, 1794 ; m. James Brown.
XI. Deidamia, b. Oct. 17, 1796; m. 1st, George Worthylake; 2
19 XII. Uriah, b. May 20, 1799.
XIII. Deborah, b. Oct. 17, 1801 ; in. John Andrews, b. at Plymout
Dock, Devonshire, England.
DIED DEC. 1, 1893.
See page 55.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 37
XIV. Orrilla, b. Dec. 7, 1803 ; m. William Warner, a native of Blythe,
Northumberland, England. Ch. : (1) William Charlton;
(2) Robert Henry ; (3) Mary Anne, m. Charles Budd Dun-
ham; (4) Joseph; (5) Charles Turner; (6) George; (7)
James Leander; (8) Eliza H., m. Dan'l Messenger;
(9) Jesse; (10) William Wallace. She died February,
1877. He, born in 1800, d. Dec. 8, 1892.
XV. Lydia, b. April 15. 1806; m. Samuel Doty.
20 XVI. Nathan, b. June 18, 1809.
XVII. Mary Anne, b. Dec. 13, 181-3; m. Allen Chute. No children.
THOMAS 6 S A VERY (Thomas' 1 , Uriah 4 , Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 ,
Thomas 1 ), was born Feb. 24, 1777; and married Jan. 6, 1807,
Mary Ryder. She died Dec. 5, 1830.
21 I. Stillman 7 , b. July 14, 1809.
II. Charity, b. Sept. 10, 1810; m. Elisha Nye.
22 III. Rufus, b. Dec. 29, 1812.
IV. Eliza, b. Dec. 6, 1816; m. Selim Bonney.
V. Hannah, b. March 6, 1818; m. Charles G. Nye.
DEBORAH 6 SAVERY (Isaac 5 , Uriah*, Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 ,
Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 2, 1772 ; and married Lemuel Gurney.
The Gurneys are of a characteristic sturdy New England stock,
producing industrious and successful farmers and enterprising
navigators. Most of them belong to the Society of Friends,
arid have a tradition that they are an offshoot of the English
family of Norman descent of whom came Mrs. Elizabeth Fry,
to be more particularly mentioned in connection with William
Savery, the eminent minister.
I. Roxana 7 , m. Freeman Cahoon ; d. 1879.
II. Matilda, m. Ira Crapo; d.
38 THE SAVEKY FAMILIES.
III. Delia, in. 1st, May 12, 1825, William Keys ; 2d, Jesse Maxim ;
d. Oct. 8, 1881, aged 74 years 9 months 29 days.
IV. Meribah, m. John Pierce; d. October, 1880.
CAPT. TIMOTHY SAVEKY (Imac\ Uriah*, Thomas*, 8am-
w/ 2 , Thomad), was born Dec. 14, 1773 ; married March 3, 1798,
Elizabeth Swift. He was in early life a manner, as were many
of the New England Saverys of that and the next generation,
aiding in building up the maritime greatness of their country,
and winning independence for themselves by enterprise and
hardy determination. Abandoning the sea, he engaged in ship-
building at Wareham, and in the manufacture of hollow ware ;.
was a selectman and member of the school board of Wareham
many yeai-s ; a man of sterling integrity, deep religious senti-
ment, and amiable disposition. Died Feb. 18, 1842.
I. Kli/alx'tliM). Dec. 8, 1802; in. June 24, 1821, Joseph B
Leonard; d. Oct. 23, same year.
II. Cyrus, b. May 12, 1805; d. May 9, 1828.
III. Sarab, 1). March 20, 1809; d. Dec. 29, 1821.
IV. Timothy, b. Aug. 25, 1811; m. July 29, 1832, Mary Bliss
and d. at Columbia, Cal., Feb. 6, 1852, leaving one
daughter, Mary Elizabeth, who m. Howard Douglas
Frost, a native of Dorchester, New Brunswick, and d
in Illinois, 1855. His widow died at New Bedford, Mass.
Oct. 29, 1883, aged 72.
V. Benjamin, b. July 19, 1816 ; d. May 25, 1840, on board schoonei
" Talma," on passage from Cuba to Alexandria.
VI. Corbin Barnes, d. March 21, 1808, aged 8 months 23 days.
CAPT. URIAH 6 SAVEKY (Imac\ Uriah 4 , Thoma^, Samuel?
ThomaJ), was born Dec. 24, 1781 ; and married Jane, daughter
of Barnabas Ellis. Was selectman of Wareham many years,
I. Barnabas Ellis 7 , b. July 24, 1807 ; d. young.
II. Ruth Ellis, b. May 24, 1808; m. Dec. 7, 1828, Zeno Fuller
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 39
III. Robertson, b. Oct. 12, 1810; d. March 3, 1886. No children.
IV. Deborah, b. June 15, 1812; m. Oct. 4, 1829, James Bent; d.
V. Isaac, b. May 29, 1814 ; no children ; d.
23 VI. Uriah, b. June 21, 1816.
VII. Jane,b. Oct. 14, 1819; m. May 19, 1836, Lewis Bent.
VIII. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 28, 1821 ; m. 1st, April 11, 1840, Eben A.
Bishop, of Seekonk, R. I. ; 2d, Freeman King ; 3d,
Hitching. Lives at Providence, R. I.
IX. Patience, b. Feb. 28, 1825; m. 1st, Howard Keith; 2d,
Zaccheus Lambert, Bridge water, Mass.
X. Maria, b. March 1, 1827; m. John Hancock, Providence,
R. I. Living at Hyannis, Mass.
SiLViA 6 SAVERY (Isaac*, Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel?, Thomas 1 ),
was born July 5, 1784 . and married Caleb King, who was born
Nov. 6, 1779. He died Feb. 18, 1854 ; she, March 13, 1863.
I. Hannah 7 , b. Dec. 24, 1809; m. June 12, 1828, Daniel Hall,
deputy sheriff of Plymouth County, 40 years, Barnstable
County, 12 years, and Bristol County, 9 years ; resided
at Marion, Mass. Ch. : (1) Charles 8 , m. 1st, Elizabeth
Barstow; 2d, Betsey Jenny; 3d, Henrietta Blenkinship;
resides at Marion, Mass. (2) Sylvanus, m. Annie Ellis,
resides at Marion. (3) Julia, m. 1st, Fred. Littlefield;
2d, Enoch Robinson; resides at East Taunton, Mass.
(4) Jennison, m. 1st, Miss Spicer; 2d. Emma Wiggins,
II. Julia A., b. July 19, 1815 ; died young.
III. Delia, b. Dec. 24, 1817; m. Capt. David Lewis. Ch. :
(1) Hannah Ellen 8 , m. Judah Hatheway, of Rochester;
(2) David Swanson, m. Caroline Weld, of Rochester.
IV. Asa, b. Nov. 2, 1818 ; d. Feb. 2, 1836.
V. Silvia A., b. Dec. 6,1820; m. 1st, Capt. Evans Hatheway.
Ch. : (1) Anne Evans 8 , m. Albert Dexter, of Matta-
poisett; (2) Sarah E. C., resides at Mattapoisett ; m. 2d,
Nathan Mendall. Ch. : (3) Nathan, resided at same
place. Died April 12, 1871.
VI. Caleb, twin of Silvia, m. Anne Hammond. Ch. : (1) Caleb 8 ;
(2) Robert, m. Ellen Wellman; (3) George, m. Harriet
Rogers. Reside at Maiden.
VII. Matilda, b. July 20, 1825; m. Oliver A. Washburn, Provi-
dence, R. I. Ch. : (1) Roscoe Stetson 8 , m. Mollie
Sayles; (2) Edgar Symonds; both live in Providence,
R. I. Died October, 1878.
40 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
CAPT. ISAAC 6 SAVERY (Isaac?, Uriah*, Thomat?, Samuel?,
Thomas 1 ), was born May 10, 1786 ; and married Temperance
Cornish, descendant of the Cornish and Reed families of
Revolutionary fame. In 1837 he removed to Oneida County,
N. Y. In 1857 he went West to spend his last years with his
children, and died at Halfday, Lake County, 111., aged 86
years 3 months and 18 days, Aug. 28, 1872. A daughter
writes of him : " In his youth he was engaged in farming,
teaching school in winter, but I think not in navigation until
after his marriage. He was a great reader, and in those days
had few equals in 'his part of the State. I never saw him
angry, which few can say of a father. He always looked at
the silver lining, however dark the cloud." His widow died
Feb. 27, 1880.
The following notice is from a contemporary paper:
Mrs. Savery was born at Plymouth, Plymouth County, Mass., Aug. 8,
1790 ; was married to Mr. Isaac Savery, Jan. 1, 1809. The first twenty-eight
years of her married life were spent in Rochester, Mass., where all of her
children were born in the same house. Mr. Savery was a sea captain, con-
sequently was away from home most of the time; thus upon Mrs. Savery
devolved all the care and responsibility of rearing and training their chil-
dren. All, with the exception of one who died in childhood, lived to grow
up and become respectable members of society. Grandma Savery, as she
was familiarly called by all who knew her, made a profession of religion
in early life and united with the Presbyterian church, and putting her
Christian principles into the training of her children, most, if not all of
them, were led to Christ, and are now members of some branch of the
Christian church. The writer became acquainted with her three years
ago, and has ever since enjoyed a call upon and a season of prayer with
her. She was always cheerful and happy, enjoying great love for the
Bible and her Saviour, and looking forward with an anxious longing for
the time to come when she should go to be with him forevermore ; often
saying after a sick spell that she thought her Jesus had come for her, but
she should have to wait a little longer. But just as the sun was setting
on that, beautiful 27th of February, her daughter, Mrs. Rose, said to her,
Mother, you are going home,' and the dying saint said, ' Glory to
God,' and fell asleep in Jesus. Some years ago her son, who lives in
Michigan, visited her and marked a text for her funeral sermon : ' Precious
CAPT. ISAAC SAVEKY.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 41
in the sight of the Lord are the death of his saints.' Grandma in her
humility felt that such a text would not be appropriate for her ; but it
was used with the feeling that she had honored the name of saint."
I. Hannah C. 7 , b. Sept. 24, 1809; m. Barnabas Ellis Swift; d.
July, 1889; he d. August, 1890. Ch. : (1) Jacob 8 ; (2) Bar-
nabas E.; (3) Hannah E., d. young; (4) Rufus S. ;
(5) Hannah E.
II. Adelia, b. June 25, 1811; m. Wilson Gurney, and d. 1832,
leaving one daughter, Adelia 8 , who m. Mr. Gault, a
native of Canada.
24 III. Clarissa, b. Feb. 14, 1814.
IV. Samuel, b. Feb. 17, 1815; d. same day.
25 V. George Cornish, b. April 21, 1816.
26 VI. Temperance Cornish, b. Oct. 21, 1818.
2T VII. Eloisa Matilda, b. Nov. 7, 1820.
28 VIII. Sarah Nelson, b. Jan. 30, 1823.
29 IX. Lucinda B., b. Dec. 12, 1825.
30 X. Isaac P., b. Oct. 28, 1827.
31 XI. Amanda W., b. Oct. 4, 1831.
XII. Marietta E., b. Nov. 30, 1833; m. J. H. Talcott; lives in
Illinois. (See Talcott Genealogy.) He died Aug. 30,
1890. Ch. : (1) Sigel Delano, b. Jan. 15, 1862.
REV. SAMUEL 6 SAVERY (Imac>, Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel?,
Thomas^), born May 15, 1788. Graduated at Brown Uni-
versity, Providence, and entered the ministry of the Baptist
church. Married (probably in 1816) Sally Woodworth
of Still water, Saratoga County, N. Y. A man of talent
and learning, his career was cut short by an early death. His
wife, who resided with her son James, at Des Moines, Iowa,
died Jan. 14, 1860, aged 59 years.
I. Mary E. 7 , b. probably in 1817 ; d. in infancy.
II. Sanford S., b. 1818 ; m. and d. Ch. : One son, also d,
III. Safford, b. about 1819; m. Susan Thurston; d. 1874. Three
children, all d.
42 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
IV. George W., b. December, 1822 ; m. Mary Jane Fredenburg. He
d. at Des Moines, Iowa, January, 1887. Ch. : Three dead ;
Carrie May 8 , surviving, m. Edwin Hewit, of Denver, Col.,
and resides there.
33 V. James C., b. Xov. 30, 1824.
VI. Chester Tracey, b. Xov. 24, 1825 ; m. Aug. 17, 1848, Nancy A.
Allen; d. Nov. 9, 1877. Had two daughters, one died at
birth, and (2) Ella 8 , died Jan. 5, 1862. His widow
was for many years the useful and respected matron of
the woman's hospital, cor. 13th, Grand, and River Streets,
VII. A posthumous child, d.
BENJAMIN 6 SAVERY (Isaac*, Uriah*, Thomas?, SamueP,
Thomas 1 ), was born April 25, 1790. Was in his early days a navi-
gator, but for a time was a school teacher in New Jersey, where
he married Miss Lydia Whitlock, supposed to be from the
family of Bulstrode Whitlock, of Cromwell's day. In 1829 he
removed to New York City, and was in the employ of Peter
Cooper, the world-renowned millionnaire philanthropist. They
were intimate friends, and the families still cherish the mutual
traditionary regard. Abandoning commercial pursuits, he
bought a farm near the home of his ancestors in Wareham,
after which he became a member of the Legislature of his
native State. " He was celebrated for his generous, open-
hearted hospitality. No one sought his help in vain or left his
door hungry. It may be said that he was too generous, almost
impoverishing himself in the exuberance of his kindly, unselfish
nature. His kindred revered him, and a large circle of friends
lament his loss to this day." He died Aug. 13, 1861 ; and
his widow May 11, 1865.
33 I. Adolphus 7 , b. Jan. 17, 1824.
II. Narcissa, b. March 29, 1826 ; d. Aug. 14, 1850.
III. John Whitlock, b. May 3, 1829. JOHN WHITLOCK? SAVARY
m. July 2, 1879, Bessie Tyer, a native of London, Eng.,
eldest dau. of Henry T. Tyer, late of Andover, Mass.,
who was nephew and heir at law of Sir John Musgrove,
formerly Lord Mayor of London.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 43
IV. Cyrus, b. April 9, 1832 ; d. Sept. 29, 1836.
V. Eliza Whitlock, b. July 18, 1834; d. Dec. 25, 1888.
VI. Benjamin, b. Oct. 1, 1837 ; d. in infancy.
VII. Lydia Adelia, b. Dec. 8, 1841. Miss LYDIA A. SAVARY
resides at East Wareham, Mass.
DBA. PniNEAS 6 S A VERY (Isaac*, Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel?,
Thomas 1 ), was born' Sept. 23, 1792; married Hannah Cor-
nish, who was born in 1788. He died in 1872. She died
July 28, 1885. The following is from the Roman Citizen,
Home, N. Y. : u Dea. Savery was born in Rochester, Mass.
He removed to the town of Annsville, N. Y., in 1817, and died
on the farm where he had resided .for fifty years. The deceased
was a respected member of the community in which he lived.
In 1833 he was chosen deacon of the First Baptist Church at
Annsville, the first deacon chosen by the society, and held the
office for thirty years. He always sustained the character of an
honest, upright Christian, and was respected and beloved by all
who knew him. For several years he had been an invalid, and
endured much suffering, which he bore without complaining,
waiting for the time Avhen the great Master should call him
home to be at rest. Truly a good man has gone to his reward."
The following is from another local paper : -
" Mrs. Hannah Savery died at 7 A. M. Tuesday, in her ninety-second year.
She was among the older residents of Oneida County. She was born in
Plymouth, Mass., Oct. 2, 1793. Her family name was Cornish, and she
came from good New England stock, being one of a family of twelve chil-
dren. In 1817, Mr. and Mrs. Savery emigrated to the town of Annsville in
this county, settling about two miles north of the present village of Taberg.
This section was then accounted the far west, and an almost unbroken wilder-
ness presented itself to the young couple. They came with an ox team,
bringing all their goods and chattels in a covered wagon. Col. Richard G.
Savery, their only child, was in his fifth year. They went resolutely to
work to make for themselves a home, Mr. Savery clearing the forest and
burning charcoal. Mr. and Mrs. Savery lived on the homestead until 1872,
and reared a large family. They were among the early members of the
Taberg Baptist Church.
u Mrs. Savery was a very sociable and agreeable old lady, and was always
44 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
full of life; it was a pleasure to talk with her. Her memory was bright
and clear, and her mind was stored with recollections of early life and
times in Oneida County. She could tell many interesting anecdotes of the
olden time that is beyond the memory of most people now living. She re-
tained her natural buoyancy to the last. Her sight and hearing were
almost unimpaired up to the time of her death. She could read without
the aid of spectacles, and could hear conversation carried on in an ordinary
tone. Her life was an active one. She lived to see the wilderness blossom
as the rose, and to see the march of civilization extend over the entire con-
I. Phineas 7 , b. 1811; d. young.
34 II. Richard Gurney, b. Dec. 9, 1812.
III. Mary, 1). 1814; "dead.
IV. Samuel, b. 1816; m. Sarah Peck.
35 V. .Henry, b. 1818.
VI. Ruby Ann, b. 1821; m. Sanford T. Samson, of Weston,
N. V., and d. at Ann Arbor, Mich., May 13, 1882. Their
son HENHY J. s SAMSON is an attorney and counsellor at
law in Chicago.
VII. nifton, 1). 1823; m. Harriet Clarke. Ch. : (1) Wellington 8 ;
(2) Matilda; (3) Rose; (4) George.
VIII. Uriah, b. 1825; d. 1858, unni.
36 IX. Hosea ('., b. March 23, 1827.
31 X. Louisa, b. 1830.
XI. Emily, b. 1832; m. Benjamin Mattison; d: Ch. : (1) Flora 8 , m.
Hazelton ; d.
XII. Sarah, b. 1834 ; m. Jason Wade ; d.
MARY* SAVERY (Imac\ Uriah** Thomas 3 , Samuel?, Thomas 1 ),
born May 11, 1795, who married, 1816, Jacob Swift, closes my
record of the children of Isaac Savery and Deliverance
Clifton, worthy offspring of worthy parents.
I. Charles H. 7 , b. Aug. 6, 1817 ; m. Hannah Smith ; d. at Martha's
Vineyard, March 31, 1884.
II. Reuben Briggs, b. Aug. 2, 1819; m. Mary, daughter of Amos
and Ruth (Clifton) Hadley; d.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 45
III. Meribah Briggs, twin of Reuben; m. 1st, John Washburn; 2d,
Rev. George Cryer, a native of England ; d. at Norwich,
Conn., Oct. 25, 1886.
IV. Pelham E., b. Dec. 18, 1822; m. Lydia Delano; d. at New
Bedford, Mass., May 9, 1891.
V. Mary S., b. July 24, 1829; m. Seth Morse; resides in West
PATIENCE 6 S A VERY (Nathan 5 , Uriah?, Thomas*, Samuel 2 ,
Thomas 1 ), born March 22, 1772 ; married Dec. 5, 1790, George
Douglas, who was born Aug. 26, 1762. She died Dec. 1, 1863.
38 I. Barnabas Nye 7 , b. Nov. 11, 1791.
39 II. Betsey, b. July 14, 1795.
NATHAN 6 S A VERY (Nathan;*, Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 ,
Thomas 1 ), was born Jan. 21, 1774, and always lived in Massa-
chusetts ; married Aug. 28, 1796, Elizabeth Gammons ; died
Nov. 1, 1858. The following obituary notice I quote from a
contemporary paper : " FATHER SAVERY. The following fine
description of our good old townsman, late of Sippican, is from
the pen of Mrs. Bruce : < Died in Sippican, Nathan Saveiy, in
the eighty-sixth year of his age. He was a true and faithful
Christian. Religion was his life. He was devoted to the
church and her rites. Warm and affectionate in his nature,
and simple and unaffected in his manners, he was fervent in
his zeal, gentle in his life, and devout in his piety. Having led
a blameless life, he came to a peaceful and triumphant end.
Thirty-six hours before his death he was as well and cheerful
as usual. No seated disease, but the general dissolution and
decay of age took him away. Conscious of his end, he met
death with great composure, and like an infant to its repose, he
lay down to rest.' '
4(5 THE SAVEKY FAMILIES.
He hath gone, the grand old soldier,
With his Christian armor on ;
He hath borne the heat of battle,
He hath now the victory won.
The heavy cross long carried,
He hath at last laid down,
Only to take in place of it
The Christian's golden crown. ,
No longer at the fireside
Shall we his welcome meet,
No more his smile shall greet us
Upon the busy street.
For he hath passed forever
That dim and shadowy bourne,
Whence the traveller, once entering,
Can never more return.
In you fair and peaceful city,
Where love can ne'er grow dim,
Though he will not return to us,
We all shall go to him.
I. Nathan 7 , b. 1798 ; d. at Savannah, May, 1822.
40 II. Patience, b. June 12, 1803.
41 III. Hiram Nye, b. Aug. 18, 1800.
4*2 IV. Aaron, twin of Hiram.
V. Dennis N., b. Aug. 1, 1808; m. in 1831, Betsey Tabor, of
near New Bedford, and lived at Wheeling, Va. Ch. :
(1) Fernando 8 , d.; (2) Maria; (3) George, d. ; (4) Ruby,
d.; (5) Juliet; (6) William, d. ; (7) Lucy ; (8) Flora.
Hannah, b. Jan. 1, 1810; in. Cashing; d. Oct. 20, 1818.
Klizsi. b. March 14, 1811; m. William Spooner, resides at Fair-
haven. Ch. : (1) Susan 8 , b. Feb. 22, 1835; m. William
Mayo. (2) Benjamin, b. Aug. 31, 1840; d. Oct. 3, 1841.
(3) Lucy M., b. Sept. 24, 1841 ; d. June 20, 1864.
43 VIII. Hichanl. b. July 14, 1813.
MERCY'- SAVEKY (Nathari', Uriah 4 , Thomas?, Samuel 2 ,
thoma** ), married Saveiy Bolles, descended from a Savery of a
former generation, through a female ancestor.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 47
I. Leonard 7 , m. Lovicy Hatheway; died before 1882.
II. Sophia, m. Barnabas Green; died before 1882.
III. Charltou, m. Sarah Pope; died before 1882.
VI. Delia, m. Stillman Savery 7 (Thomas 6 , Thomas 5 , Uriah 4 ).
VII. Eliza, m. Drake.
VIII. John, m. Burgess.
SABINE SAVARY (Nathan*, Uriah*, Thomas 3 , Samuel?,
Thomas 1 ), was born March 20, 1788, at St. Mary's Bay, now
Plymton, in Digby County, where he always resided ; married
Nov. 15, 1821, Olivia, daughter of Samuel Marshall, a Loyalist,
who came from New York to Shelburne, and thence to Yar-
mouth, N. S., where he was one of the first two churchwardens
of Trinity Church, and was a prominent merchant, pioneer
ship-owner, and public man, a member of the Provincial Parlia-
ment from 1812 until his death at the age of 55 ; he was buried
April 3, 1813. I have an impression that he was a Southern
Loyalist, who had taken refuge with the army in New York, and
was of the same Loyalist family as the late Judge Marshall, and
Hon. J. J. Marshall, of Guysborough, N. S., but have no relia-
ble data on which to base a positive opinion.* Her mother was
Olivia, daughter of William Haskell, Jr., who with William,
Sr., came from Beverly, Mass., among the early settlers of
Yarmouth, about 1767, and married Hannah, daughter of
Ebenezer Healy, who came at the same time from Plymouth or
Marblehead.f Died May 1, 1878, aged 90 years and upwarcl.
The following is from an obituary notice : " The deceased in
his early days was a man of remarkable physical energy and
power of endurance. He filled before the memory of adults
of the present generation a considerable space in the commercial
* I have heard it stated that this family were a branch of that from which Chief
Justice Marshall, the great American jurist, came,
t Campbell's History of Yarmouth.
48 THE SAVEBY FAMILIES.
arena of the county of Digby. His first business relations
were with Eastport, Me., with which the western part of Nova
Scotia then carried on an extensive trade, and where his name,
highly respected, has doubtless long since been remembered
and forgotten. He was subsequently one of the pioneers of
what is familiarly known as the 'Boston trade,' which formerly,
more than now, engrossed the commercial energies of the
western counties. More recently he engaged in shipbuild-
ing, and his business relations were more with St. John,
N. B. For many years he possessed a great personal in-
fluence in his neighborhood and throughout a large portion
of his county, the spontaneous result of his then extensive
business relations, and his recognized character for purity of
motive and strict integrity. He died an affectionate and
devoted member of the Church of England, of which he had
)>een an adherent from early manhood."
44 I. Mary Elizabeth?.
II. Eliza Helen, m. James K. Garden, now postmaster at Gibson,
X. B., whose father, George Frederic Starr Garden, was
for many years sergeant-at-arms to the New Brunswick
Legislature. His grandfather, William H. Garden, a
native of Aberdeen, came to New Brunswick, a Loyalist,
from Xew York. Oh. : (1) Alfred William Savary 8 , now,
1893, pursuing an arts course at the University of To-
ronto, and theology at Wyckliffe (Church of England)
College in the same city.
45 III. Alfred William, b. Oct. 10, 1831.
IV. Margaret Jane, unm.
URIAH 6 SAVEBY (Nathan*, Uriah 4 , Thomas*. SamueV
Thnma*\ was born May 20, 1799; married, 1823, Aley Eliza
beth Worthylake; died suddenly of congestion of the lung
April, 1881. A devout Christian and member of the Baptis
Church for many years.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 49
46 T. Deidamia 7 , b. Xov. 14, 1824.
II. Charles Thomas, b. 1826; m. Ellen Van Norden, of Yar-
mouth, X. S. ; d. about 1871.
III. Xathan, b. 1828; drowned from Schooner "Eagle" about 1851.
IV. James, b. 1830; d. May, 1853.
V. Aley Elizabeth, b. 1832 ; m. 1st, Charles Allen, of. Yarmouth,
X. S. ; 2d, Wm. B. Long, of X. Andover, Mass. Xow a widow
in Danvers, Mass.
VI. Mary Jane, b. 1834; m. April, 1855, George Pitman, of Yar-
mouth ; d.
VII. Edward, b. 1840; m. 1st, Eliza, daughter of his uncle
Xathan 6 Savery, Jr. ; she d ; m. twice since.
VIII. Albert, b. 1842 ; m. Mary Elizabeth Ellis, of Yarmouth, X. S. ;
drowned from schooner "D. M. Smith," March 20, 1878,
in Petite Passage coming from St. John, X. B., to Plym-
ton, X. S.
NATHAN 6 SAVARY, the younger (Nathan 5 , Uriah*, Thomas*,
SamueP, Thomas 1 }, born June 18, 1809; married Phoebe Dun-
bar; and died Nov. 3, 1891.
I. Armanilla 7 , b. June 24, 1834; m. James Holmes.
47 II. John Dean, b. April 22, 1836.
III. Mary Hannah, b. Oct. 23, 1838 ; m. John Wright,
IV. William Henry, b. March 17, 1841 ; m. Elizabeth Wagner.
V. Moses Washington, b. Dec. 21, 1843; m. Emma McKay.
48 VI. Joseph H.
VII. George Malcolm, m. Eliza Carty.
VIII. Uriah, d. aged 6.
IX. Eliza Helen, b. Xov. 22, 1850; m. Edward 7 Savery, her cousin,
son of Uriah 6 ( Xathan 5 ) ; d. young.
X. Xathan Thomas, b. March 24, 1854; m. Maud Snow.
XI. Phoebe Frances, b. Xov. 21, 1855 ; m. Wm. H. Chute.
XII. James Alfred, b. June 5, 1859; m. Hannah Marshall.
(Thomas*, Thomas 5 , Uriah*, Thomas 3 ,
SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born July 14, 1809 ; and married Delia 7 ,
50 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
daughter of Saveiy Bolles and Mercy 6 Savery, who was one of
the daughters of Nathan 5 and Elizabeth Nye. (See No. 17.)
I. Polly Xye 8 , b. March 10, 1832; m. Xov. 22, 1853, Lynes Ryder,
of Rochester; and has ch. : (1) Hannah E. 9 ; (2) Stillman
Savery; (3) George E.; (4) Frank E.
49 II. Rufus L.'. b. Jan. 29, 1834.
III. John Thomas, b. December, 1835; m. Mary E. Greenleaf, of
New Hampshire; d. at Stamford Place, Boston, much
honored, Jan. 11, 1883.
IV. Sophia,!). March 5, 1838; m. March 30, 1859, Capt. Arthur.
Hammond; and has ch. : (1) Jennie C. 9 ; (2) Delia Bolles
(3) Arthur H., who m. Minnie Hammond ; (4) Sophia Savery '
V. Josephine, b. March 12, 1839; d. March 30, 1839.
VI. Hannah, b. Feb. 23, 1842.
Rrrus 7 SAVERY (Thomai\ Thomas*, Uriah*, Thomas*, SamueP,
Thomas 1 ), was born Dec. 29,1812; and married Martha H.
Gibbs, who was born Nov. 19, 1816.
I. Iluldah Louisa 9 ,!). Oct. 15, 1842; in. Dec. 26, 1862, Edward
D. Hewius; d.
II. Lucretia. 1). Dec. 22, 1844; m. Edw. D. Hewins, after her sis-
III. Edward Everett, b. Feb. 22, 1847; d. aged 1 yr. 11 mos.
IV. Roland T., b. April 9, 1848; m. Mary Hoyt, and has dau.
Jennie 9 , b. March, 1871.
URIAH 7 SAVERY (Uriah 6 , Isaac*, Uriah 4 , Thomas*, SamueP,
Thomas 1 ), was born June 21, 1816 ; married Elizabeth Pain<
and lives in California.
I. Barnabas Ellis 8 , b. Oct. 22, 1846. BARNABAS E. 8 SAVERY m.
Aug. 29, 1880, Emma A. Drinkwater ; resides at Campello,
Mass., and has ch. : (1) Jennie F.
II. Uriah, b. Dec. 25, 1848.
III. Jane Frances, b. Jan. 26, 1850; d. Nov. 12, 1865.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 51
CLARISSA 7 SAVERY (Isaac*, Isaac 5 , Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 ,
Thomas 1 ), was born at Rochester, Feb. 14, 1814 ; married Dec.
1832, Wilson Doty ; and removed to Illinois.
I. Clara A. 8 , b. May 27, 1834, at Wareham, Mass.; m. at Taberg,
Oneida County, ]$". Y., John B. Allanson, a native of Eng-
land ; a farmer living at Vernon, 111.
II. Reuben Briggs, b. April 26, 1836 ; d. Feb. 7, 1838.
III. W. Warren, b. June 15, 1839, at Taberg, N. Y. ; m. March 5,
1862, at Vernon, Lake County, 111., Lilias Mason, and now
residing at Winona; flour and grain merchant.
IV. Benjamin Savery, b. Aug. 26, 1841, at Barriboo, Wis., where he
now resides; flour and grain merchant.
V. Mary J., b. Feb. 16, 1844, at Taberg, N. Y. ; d. Dec. 6, 1861.
VI. Belle A., b. Aug. 27, 1846, at Wareham ; m. April 15, 1866, John
A. Corbin, a farmer of Vernon, 111., who was drowned with
five others by the upsetting of a new ferry boat when attempt-
ing to cross Fox Elver, at Elgin, 111. "Mr. Corbin was a
native of Illinois, having been born at Halfday, April 2, 1844,
and was only 37 years old. He was a well-to-do farmer and
an active and useful citizen. His friends fittingly folded
the flag of the Union about his coffin, for when but 18 years
of age he enlisted and served through the war, and was a
strong and 'brave soldier."
VII. Lottie L., b. at Taberg, N. Y., Oct. 27, 1850; m. George H.
Foote, at Vernon, Lake County, 111.
GEORGE CORNISH 7 SAVERY (Isaac 6 , Isaac 5 , Uriah*, Thomas*,
SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born April 21, 1816. A navigator with
his father in his younger days, but settled down to agricultural
pursuits in 1854 in Oneida County, N. Y., and removed
later to Dexter, Mich. ; a man of exemplary Christian char-
acter and blameless life, respected and beloved by his kindred
in an uncommon degree. He married Feb. 17, 1839, Rachel
Porter, who was born Sept. 26, 1819, and died at Dexter,
June 29, 1886.
52 THE S A VERY FAMILIES.
I. Ann Elizabeth 8 , b. Xov. 9, 1840; d. young.
50 II. Stephen Porter, b. Dec. 11, 1841.
51 III. Isaac Sanford, b. Dec. 11, 1843.
52 IV. Henrietta E., b. Jan. 15, 1847.
V. Henry K., b. Oct. 23, 1848.
VI Gustavus Adolphus, b. Xov. 15, 1850, at Vienna, X. Y. ; m.
1st, Sept. 15, 1874, Mary S. Mason; 2d, Sept. 18, 1889, Xellie
Robertson. Ch. : (1) Maude 9 , b. July 8, 1875 ; d. May 5, 1876.
TEMPERANCE CORXISH : SAVERY (Isaac 6 , Isaac?, Uriah*,
Thomaf, Samuel Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 21, 1818 ; and mar-
ried April 16, 1840, Samuel Mitchell, who died Nov. 12, 1873.
I. Mary E. 8 , b. May 23, 1841; m. April 29, 1862, Alexander Ho-
II. Adelia X., b. June 7, 1843; m. Sept. 26, 1865, Henry A.
III. Geneva F., b. June 23, 1852; m. Dec. 11, 1872, Harvey S. Coon.
IV. Gesler F., b. June 23, 1852 ; d. Feb. 18, 1853.
V. George F., b. Aug. 28, 1855; m. Feb. 21, 1877, Mary M. Rouse.
ELOISA MATILDA 7 SAVERY (Isaac 8 , Isaac 5 , Uriah*, Thomas*,
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born at Rochester, Mass., Nov. 9, 1820 ;
and married Dec. 1, 1841, at Annsville, N. Y., Allen Thrasher,
who was born at Thurlow, Upper Canada, Sept. 20, 1820, and
died in Rantoul, Champagne County, 111., Ang. 19, 1877. She
lives at Halfday, 111.
I. Angelina 8 , b. at Annsville, X. Y., Xov. 17, 1842; m. Sept. 14,
1858, Marcus S. Gleason, in Halfday, 111.
II. John G., b. at Annsville, July 18, 1844; died in the service of
the Union, Dec. 11,1863, having served 1 year and 4 months.
III. Louise A., b. at Wareham, Mass., Dec. 17, 1849; m. Jan. 14,
1871, in Rantoul, 111., to John C. Peplow.
IV. Lillie A., b. May 14, 1860; m. Oct. 29, 1877, Charles Shore, in
Rantoul, 111., where she died Feb. 20, 1880.
THF OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 53
SARAH NELSON? SAVERY (Isaac*, Isaac 5 , Uriah*, Thomas?,
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born Jan. 30, 1823 ; and married March
30, 1843, James Homan.
I. David Uriah 8 , b. July 24, 1844; m. Sept. 5, 1866, Sarah E.
II. Martha Adelia, b. Feb. 25, 1846; m. ^ T ov. 25, 1865, Charles
Jacob Miller, whose father was from Pennsylvania.
III. Lucinda Rose, b. Sept. 27, 1848; m. Feb. 10, 1869, Edwin
IV. Alexander Henry, b. June 28. 1851 ; m. Aug. 16, 1875, Jennie
V. Leonard Allen, b. Aug. 26, 1853 ; m. Nov. 27, 1877, Amos S.
VI. Sarah Elizabeth, b. April 24, 1856; d. April 27, 1874.
VII. Mary Amanda, b. Sept. 21, 1863; m. Nov. 23, 1881, George A.
VIII. Jennie Delilah, b. Jan. 30, 1865; d. Feb. 8, 1871.
LUCINDA B. 7 SAVERY (Isaac*, Isaac 5 , Uriah*, Thomas 3 , 8am-
ueP, Thomas 1 ), born Dec. 12, 1825; married Sept. 4, 1847,
P. T. Rose, living in Illinois. He died March 2, 1877, aged
63 years 10 months and 16 days. Married, 2d, Nov. 24, 1886,
Reuben Tuck, a native of Upwell, county of Norfolk, England.
I. M. Jeannette 8 , b. Jan. 2, 1852 ; m. Sept. 11, 1873, E. J. Locke.
II. Calvin B., b. Dec. 5, 1857; d. Feb. 18, 1858.
III. Ida C., b. Jan. 20, 1859; d. Jan. 6, 1861.
IV. Effie J., b. Feb. 19, 1861 ; d. April 28, 1861.
V. E. Grant, b. July 18, 1863 ; m.
VI. Carrie C., b. March 5, 1866.
ISAAC P. 7 SAVERY (Isaac 6 , Isaac 5 , Uriah 4 , Thomas*, SamueP,
Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 28, 1827 ; married 1850, Marie Blakes-
lie, living in Dexter, MicTi.
54 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
(Besides three who died young.)
I. Libbie A. 8 , b. August, 1859.
II. George S., b. September, 1870.
III. Mertie M., b. July, 1873.
IV. Ira A., b. January, 1877.
AMANDA W. 7 SAVERY (Isaac*, Isaac*, Uriah 4 , Thomas*, Sam-
ueP. Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 4, 1831; and married Feb.
12, 1854, Jacob H. Sexton, who was born July 29, 1829.
1. William Henry 8 , b. Dec. 7, 1854; m. March 28, 1876, Anna L.
II. Roscoe C., b. Oct. 10. 1858; d. March 29, 1862.
III. Isaac Franklin, b. Feb. 10, 1862.
JAMES C. 7 SAVERY (Samuel*, Isaac*, Uriah 4 , Thomas 3 ,
Samuel 2 , Tfiomas 1 ), was born Nov. 30,1824; married Jan. 20,
1852, Anne Noland, a native of England. He was among the
first settlers of Des Moines, Iowa, and largely interested in the
building up of that city ; was one of the founders of the Ameri-
can Emigration Company, which was instrumental in settling
nearly a hundred thousand Scandinavian people in the Western
States; is now (1892) engaged in banking and in Western
lands, as well as mining in Montana. Resides in New York
City. His wife died in New York City, April 14, 1891. She
was a woman of rare intellectual endowment and great learn-
ing. Among the many eulogies written at her death, the fol-
lowing was by one who ranks among the first as a scholar,
lawyer, and judge, and who had known her many years :
"Mrs. Savery was a woman of wonderful capacity for acquiring knowl-
edge, gifted with a marvellous memory and great mental activity, added to
THE OLD COLOXY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 55
untiring industry. She was a close student from childhood. She became a
linguist, a lawyer, lecturer, a fine classical scholar, and enforced her ideas
with a strong, vigorous pen and by eloquent speech from the public
" She graduated with the highest honors at the Law School of the
University of Iowa, was admitted to the bar and licensed to practise in
the Supreme Courts ; not for the purpose as she expressed it of
entering upon the practice of law, but to furnish woman with an example
and as evidence that the learned professions were open to her sex. She
then turned her attention to travel, and during her frequent visits to
Europe she wasted little time at the gay capitals, but sought out those
historic grounds where she could study the buried past and the lives of
those great actors who had made a nation's history and left their names
upon her monuments.
" She gathered in the classic treasures of Greece and Rome and studied
Bible history through Egypt, Palestine to Jerusalem, and became more
familiar with it than most of the learned theologians. She seemed to me
to have read all history, all religions, and was one of the best Shakespearian
scholars I ever saw, an unceasing thinker and worker in any field of knowl-
edge. Having accustomed herself to compact analogical reasoning, her
conversations more nearly resembled prepared discourses, which if taken
down at the time \vould have required no revision of its rhetoric or grammat-
ical construction. And yet, w T ith such gifts as I have but briefly sketched,
she seemed to have so little appreciated her own powers of original
thought, that when solicited by a publisher and by her intimate friends to
prepare a set of essays upon different themes to which she had given her
principal thought, she \vould reply (as she once did tome), 'It is not
more books that people need, but more readers for books already printed.
Whatever I might have to say has already been said in books already
made, and has been expressed in better form than I can put it in.'
u Realizing the fact that her disease might terminate her life at any
moment, she talked about death with the same freedom and cheerfulness
she would upon an anticipated journey to Europe or elsewhere.
"She was a Theosophist, a firm believer in reincarnation and immor-
ADOLPHUS 7 SAVARY (Benjamin*, Isaac 5 , Uriah 4 , Thomas*,
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born Jan. 17, 1824; and was educated
at public school No. 15, New York City, under the celebrated
teacher, William A. Walker, in a class which has furnished
many eminent men ; entered the Sophomore class of the New
5(3 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
York University at the early age of fourteen ; left before gradu-
ating on account of the removal of his parents from the city ;
finished his studies as a civil engineer in Boston with Samuel
Nott and Francis Darricott ; has followed that profession all his
life, and has had charge of some important works in the United
States; married, 1st, April 13,1853, Adeline Burgess, of Ware-
ham, who was in the eighth generation from Thomas Burgess,
who came from England in 1630. (See Burgess Genealogy.)
Her father was first cousin of the late Bishop Burgess, of
Maine ; a woman of very superior intellect. She died June
20, 1864. He married, 2d, May 18, 186T, Julia A. C. Bourne,
eighth generation from Richard Bourne, who settled in Sand-
wich, 1632 ; lives at East Wareham.
By first wife :
I. Walter Burgess 8 , b. Jan. 28, 1855; m. Dec. 23, 1884, Elleii
Frances Bourne. Ch. : (1) lalossa Bourne 9 , b. Sept. 13,
1885; d. Sept. 13, 1887. (2) July 1, 1888, Warren Hapgood.
(3) Aug. 24, 1892, Emma Mabel.
II. Edith, b. June 8, 1856; d. Aug. 16, 1856.
III. Beatrice, b. Aug. 21, 1859; d. Oct. 18, 1859.
IV. Philip Adolphus, b. Sept. 24, 1860; m. at Taeoma, Washing-
ton Territory, May 28, 1890, Xellie H. Perry.
V. Richard Adrian, b. April 9, 1864; d. July, 1864.
By second wife :
VI. Julia Adeline, b. Aug. 30, 1868.
VII. Arthur Bourne, b. Jan. 14, 1872.
VIII. Benjamin Clifton, b. Dec. 20, 1873.
IX. Wiliiam Cooper, b. July 7, 1875.
COL. RICHARD GURNEY T SAVERY (Phineaa*, Isaac?,
Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Dec. 9, 1812,
and moved with his parents when five years of age to their
new home in New York State. In 1840 he married Cor-
nelia Delano, no doubt a descendant of Philip de la Noye, who
came over in the " Fortune " in November, 1621, and was, as his
WIFE OF JAMKS C. SAVERY.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 57
name imports, of French or Walloon origin, a Protestant
refugee with the Pilgrims at Leyden.* Having, in face of the
great difficulties presented in what was then a new country,
obtained a good education, part of it after he was of age,
he became, while a young man, head master of the principal
institution of learning in Rome, N. Y. He early interested
himself in the politics of the country, and, while carrying on
successfully a mercantile business in Rome, and accumulating a
large property there, he was, in 1848, appointed postmaster
of the city, the first Republican who had filled that office. He
is said to have held more public positions than any other man
in the county of Oneida. Among others, he filled for about
ten years those of deputy and chief superintendent of the Erie
Canal with great vigor and efficiency, carrying on at the same
time a farm in Blossvale. He held the commission of colonel
of the 46th Regiment of New York State Militia from 1856
until it was disbanded in 1862. He was a most public-spirited
man, of a genial disposition and generous instincts. His hospi-
talities were unstinted, and his contributions to public charities
and the support of the Baptist Church, of Avhich he was a mem-
ber, most liberal. His second wife was Mrs. Patience Forward,
of Blossvale, N. Y., where he lived after his health began to
fail about eight years before his death, which occurred Feb. 1,
I. Phineas 8 , died in infancy.
II. Frederic, m. Harriet Beers, and has ch. : (1) Fanny 9 , d. ; (2) Al-
bert; (3) Flora; (4) William, d.; (5) Cornelia; (6) Everett.
HENKY 7 SAYERY (Phineas Q , Isaac?, Uriah 4 , Thomas*, SamueV,
Thomas 1 ), was born 1818 ; married Martha Rogers ; was captain
of a military company; died 1880.
* Although the name is spelt De la Noye in the list of the passengers by the " Fortune,"
there is reason to suppose he was the son of Jean and Marie Delaunay, who was
baptized in the Walloon church at Leyden in 1603. The Walloons bear the same racial
relationship to the French as the Welsh do to the English. Both were survivors of
the original Celtic tribes who inhabited the Southwest of Europe, but had to yield to
invasions of stronger tribes, Angles, Jutes, and Saxons in England, and Franks in
Gaul and " Gallia Belgica," now Belgium.
58 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
I. Esther 9 , ra. John Williams ; d. leaving four children.
II. Mary, m. Adams.
III. Alice, d.
V. Sarah, m. Vroman.
VI. Arabella, m. Charles Graves.
VII. George H., d.
HOSEA C. 7 SAVERY (Phineas*, Isaac*, Uriah*, Thomas*, Sam-
uel 2 , Thomas^, was born March 23, 1827 ; married, 1st, Nancy
Hartwell ; 2d, Caroline Stanahil, of New York, and lives in
By first wife :
I. William Alonzo 8 , m. and has one daughter ; resides (1892) Deans-
ville, Oneida County, X. Y.
By second wife :
II. Hannah 8., b. May 1, 1857; m. 1876, Gardner H. Grower. Ch. :
(1) Benjamin, d. ; (2) Walter; (3) Belle; (4) Lena; (5) Ray-
III. Roscoe Conkling, b. Oct. 30, 1858 ; m. March 20, 1878, Nettie
Cooper. Ch. : (1) Walter A., b. Aug. 27, 1881. R. C. 8 SA-
VERY resides (1892) in Wabash Avenue, Chicago.
IV. Isabella II., b. Aug. 15, 1861 ; m., 1883, John J. Kelly, member
of the Board of Examining Engineers, Chicago. Ch. :
(1) William; (2) Walter.
V. Richard Gurney, b. Nov. 3, 1863; m. 1885, Laura B., dau. of
Hon. Thomas Allanson. Ch. : (1) Ruth 9 ; (2) Thomas Allan-
son. RICHARD GURNEY S SAVERY is an attorney at law,
and now holds the position of special agent of the Inte-
rior Department, General Land Office, Portland, Ore.
VI. Josephine M., b. Sept. 21,1864; m. 1886, George Zimmer. Ch. :
(1) William 9 ; (2) Arthur; (3) Belle.
VII. Xelsoii H., b. Sept. 4, 1872.
VIII. Joseph D., b. Sept. 21, 1874. JOSEPH D. 8 SAVERY resides
(1892) in Chicago.
IX. Mabel F., b. Sept. 12, 1877.
LouiSA 7 SAVERY (Phineas 6 , Isaac*, Uriah 4 , Thomas*, SamueP,
Thomas 1 ), was born 1830 ; married George H. Rowland, and
lives at Rome, N. Y.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 59
1. Isabel 8 , b. Sept. 18, 1851.
II. Willard G., b. Jan. 28, 1854.
III. Caroline, b. Dec. 26, 1856; d. Oct. 15, 1863.
IV. Edward U.. b. Sept. 12, 1858.
V. Richard Gurney Savery,b. June 10, 1863; m. June 10, 1889, Mary,
dau. of William Johnston, of Wappinger's Falls, Dutchess
County, N. Y. State, of Scotch descent. Ch. : (1) Isabel 9 , b.
March 25, 1891. RICHARD G. S. 8 ROWLAND is city editor of
the Rome semi-weekly Citizen.
VI. Clesson B., b. Oct. 19, 1867.
BARNABAS NYE T DOUGLAS (Patience Savery* and George
Douglas, Nathan*, Uriah*, Thomas*, Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), married a
Miss Swift, of Bourne, Mass.
I. Caroline S. 8 , b. Aug. 8, 1830.
II. Phoebe, b. May 18, 1832.
III. George, b. May 20, 1834; d. July 29, 1836.
IV. Moses S., b. March 21, 1837.
V. George, twin of Moses.
VI. Pamela C., b. July 1, 1840.
VII. James Oscar, b. Aug. 12, 1843.
VIII. Edwin D. L., b. April 17, 1845.
IX. Mary A. King, b. Dec. 26, 1847.
X. Elizabeth F., b. March 24, 1850.
XI. Charles A., b. Oct. 26, 1853.
BETSEY 7 DOUGLAS (Patience Savery* and Creorge Douglas,
Nathan 5 , Uriah 4 ", Thomas*, Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born July 14,.
'1793 ; and married Nathaniel King.
I. Catherine Clark 8 , b. Aug. 2-7, 1815.
II. Charles Franklin, b. March 4, 1818.
III. Betsey M., b. Feb. 9, 1820; m. John Ryder, of Rochester; d.
IV. Patience Maria, b. April 28, 1822.
V. Mary Ann, b. Jan. 21, 1824.
VI. Nathaniel, b. April 9, 1829.
VII. Lucy B., b. Jan. 7, 1833.
60 THE SAVERY FAMILIES
PATIENCE 7 SAVERY (Nathan*, Nathan*, Uriah*, Thomas*,
Samuel-, Thomas 1 ), was born June 12, 1803 ; and married Ben-
jamin Chamberlain ; lived at Acushnet, and died Feb. 20, 1885.
I. Benjamin Allen 8 , b. Feb. 28, 1827. Besides at Carver.
II. Patience Maria, b. July 8, 1832; m. Dr. S. S. Gifford, East
Stoughton, Mass. ; died leaving two children : (1) Sarah ;
III. Sarah Caroline, b. Nov. 2, 1834; m. Samuel Porter.
IV. James Edwin, b. March 6, 1837. Resides at Acushnet.
V. Nathan Savery, b. Dec. 23, 1845. Dr. NATHAN SAVERY*
CHAMBERLAIN graduated M. D. from the Harvard Medical
School in 1866, and practised his profession in Marlborough,
Mass.; m. Dec. 25, 1868, Miss Antonia Harvey, of
Boston. He d. Oct. 31, 1884, of typhoid fever, at the
early age of 38 years. Says a contemporary paper : "When
the sad news circulated about town, a feeling of universal
sorrow and sadness pervaded all classes, for never has there
died in this town a man more widely known, respected, or
beloved, or one whose loss is more sincerely mourned. He
was so intimately connected with such a large number of the
social organizations in this and other towns, in many of
which he held high office, and as a skilful physician closely
related to many a home circle, whose confidence, love, and
respect he always received and retained to the last, that his
death makes a void that cannot be filled." He was "an
honored member of the Massachusetts Medical Society, State
medical examiner for his district, and surgeon of the 6th
Begiment M. V. M." From the same paper I extract the fol-
lowing lines, " written by a friend " :
"TO N. S. C.
41 O friend of many, cold and still in death,
While others all thy praises tell, and twine
With loving hands a wreath for that pale brow,
This simple tribute to thy name I bring ;
Upon thy bier this flower in mem'ry cast.
Lover of nature, when thou layest low,
The skies were sad, and in the darksome night
That saw thee die, all nature, weeping sore,
Wove of her tears a mantle pure and white,
And spread it o'er her breast to mourn thee, dead.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 61
Ah ! never more thy smile will welcome hers,
And nevermore unto our call of need
Thy answering presence come with swift relief;
For oft, beside our bed of pain and woe,
Thy form has stood, a star of Jiope and strength,
And in thy look and voice, so pitying kind,
We thought we read a heart like his of old,
The Great Physician named, w r ho walked on earth
With healing steps among the sick and sad.
O friend, so needed, by whose care 'we live,
Yea, to whose death, perchance, we owe our life,
We mourn thy loss ; and for sweet sympathy
In pain or grief, and kindliest help and cheer,
Thy debtors, we will give our tenderesf thoughts
To those, thy dearest ones, who miss thee most,
And wait, in vain, for thy returning step,
Whom ne'er again thy love and care shall bless.
With them we mourn, yet know thou livest still
In many a grateful heart, that, like a harp
Whose strings long tremble with a silenced tone,
Will quiet memories keep of one kind hand,
. Whose touch waked glad response in many souls.
Farewell ! sweet peace and rest from toil be thine.
Why didst thou go? Thy voice I hear reply,
As once I heard, ' 'Tis right, we may not see,
And yet, by law divine, all, all is right.' "
He left ch. : Harry 9 , 12, and Clara, 10 years of age.
HIRAM NYE T S A VERY (Nathan 6 , Nathan 5 , Uriah 4 , Thomas 3 ,
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ^, was born Aug. 18, 1806; and married
I. Cordelia 8 , m. George Clark, Fairhaven, Mass.
II. Betsey, m. Kichard Bolles, Pittsburgh, Va.
III. Sarah, m. Daniel Wing, Holyoke, Mass.
IV. Mary Elizabeth. Miss MARY ELIZABETH^ SAVERY is teacher of
a ladies' school at North Adams, Mass.
AARON 7 SAVERY (Nathan*, Nathan*, Uriah 4 , Thomas 3 ,
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was twin brother of Hiram Nye ; married,
1st, Sept. 18,1828, Eleanor Bisbee ; 2d, Phoebe Burroughs;
3d, Mary Peck.
62 THE S A VERY FAMILIES.
By first wife :
I. Charles W. 8 , of New Bedford, the only living male descendant
of Nathan 5 in Massachusetts bearing the family name. He
m. 1st, Eliza A. -Peckham; 2d, Dec. 20, 1883, Emma A.
II. Marion, m. Freeman Munson; d.
III. Xathau, d.
By third wife :
IV. Eleanor, b. 1852; m. William Bateman, of Fairhaven.
V. Henrietta, b. 1855; m. Andrew Shooks, of Fairhaven.
VI. Hannah, b. 1856; m. Herbert Vincent, of Fairhaven.
VII. Mary Elizabeth, b. 1860; m. Fred. Barrows.
RiCHARD 7 SAVARY G (Nathan*, Nathan*, Uriah*, Thomas*,
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born July 14, 1813 ; married Jan.
24, 1834, Betsey Keene, of Fairhaven, Mass.; and died July
7, 1865. "A scholar and a gentleman; at one time wealthy;
an inventor of polished Russia iron, a spring gate, and a head-
ing machine, and a method of uniting brass and iron." He
lived in Pittsburgh, Penn. His widow died Aug. 7, 1891.
I. Maria E. 8 , b. Jan. 1, 1835; m. Joseph Salyards, who d. 1861;
resides at Lomoui, Iowa. Ch. : (1) Richard Savary 9 . Rev.
RICHARD S. 9 SALYARDS, a minister and editor, m. Zaide
V. Smith, who d. Jan. 8, 1890. Ch. : (1) Emma Marie 10 , d. ;
(2) Zaide Aleen; (3) Joseph Richard; (4) Richard Savary.
II. Helen Marie, b. Feb. 2, 1837; m. Rev. Thomas E.Lloyd, of
Independence, Mo. Ch. : (1) Nellie M. 9
.54 III. Cecilia J., b. Sept. 20, 1840.
IV. Mary M., b. March 17, 1842; m. Wm. H. CTDwyer, formerly of
Canada ; counsellor at law, New York City.
V. Jeannette Evelyn, b. 1845; d. 9 months old.
VI. Antoinette, b. 1849; d. in infancy.
VII. Clara L., b. 1851 ; m. 1st, Philip L. Brennau; 2d, John French.
Resides in Boston, Mass. Had three children, of whom Clara
F. 9 Brennan survives.
VIII. Richard H. B., b. Jan. 1, 1853; d. 1854.
. IX. Jeannette, d. aged 3 years.
X. Alma O., b. 1858 ; m. William C. George, Pittsburgh, Penn. ; d.
leaving ch. : (1) EdnaE. 9 ; (2) Richard Savary ; (3) AlmaO.;
(4) Merciue Marie.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 63
MARY ELIZABETH ? SAVARY (Sabine & , Nathan 5 , Uriah*,
Thomas?, Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), married Richard Pattison Mc-
Givern, a native of Dunmanway, county Cork, Ireland, who
died on the 31st May, 1892, aged 82. He was long a leading
and highly respected merchant and citizen of St. John, N. B.
His brother, Rev. John McGivern, was for many years the be-
loved rector of St. George's, N. B.
I. Mary Elizabeth 8 , d. in early infancy.
II. Eliza Helen, m. Nov. 18, 1874, John Fletcher Taylor, of
Taylor Bros., prominent merchants and ship-owners of St.
John, a young lady of very superior mental and moral
qualities, whose early death on Aug. 7, 1876, left a great
blank in the family and social circles of which she was a
brilliant ornament. She held a special place in the heart of
the compiler of this work. Ch. : (1) Frederic Eichard 9 , b.
Sept. 11, 1875.
III. James Sabine, b. Dec. 8, 1851; m. Maria, dau. of Rev. Wm.
H. Snyder, rector of Mahone Bay, N. S., whose father was
a Loyalist from New York, of German extraction, and
mother a daughter of Col. Taylor, a prominent Loyalist
and member of the Nova Scotia Legislature. Her mother
was a daughter of James R. DeWolf, of Liverpool, N. S., a
prominent member of the same Legislature. Ch. surviving :
(1) Nellie 9 ; (2) Richard James; (3) Annie MacLauchlan.
IV. Annie Gertrude, m. Dec. 10, 1873, George Leatham McKean,
a native of Armagh, Ireland, a leading merchant of
St. John. Ch. : (1) Mary Ethel 9 ; (2) William Kirk Barton;
(3) George Robert.
V. Richard Pattison, b. Dec. 30, 1854; B. A., University of New
Brunswick, barrister at law, and for several terms alder-
man of the city of St. John; m. Aug. 11, 1891, Emma
Louise, dau. of Chas. Taylor, of St. John, grand-daughter
of Morris, and great-grand-daughter of Col. Taylor, before
mentioned. Ch. : (1) Margaret Constance 9 , b. Sept. 3, 1892.
VI. John Henry, b. June 3, 1857; M. D. of the University of New
York, in which city he practises his profession; m. Ida
Tuttle jMacdonough, of Brooklyn, N. Y. Ch. : (1) Edith
Miriam 9 , b. Feb. 23, 1892.
VII. Clara Olive.
64 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
ALFRED WILLIAM T SAVARY (Sab ine 6 , Nathan*, Uriah\ Thomas*,
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), born Oct. 10, 1831 ; graduated M. A.,
at King's College, Windsor, N. S., the oldest university in
Canada. Studied law and practised four years in St. John, N. B.
Returned to Nova Scotia, and practised in Digby; was inspec-
tor of schools for Digby County three years ; member for the
same county in the first and second Parliaments of the Dominion
of Canada (1867 to 1874) ; created queen's counsel 1870, and
was appointed judge of the newly established county courts
for the counties of Annapolis, Digby, and Yarmouth, Aug. 21,
1876. Married Feb. 20, 1877, Bessie Crookshank, daughter of
Henry P. Otty, of St. John, N. B., whose father. Allen
Otty, a retired commander in the Royal Navy, was born in
the old Danish town of Whitby, in Yorkshire, Nov. 18, 1784.
The name Otty is Scandinavian, and with the birthplace,* fixes
the descent of the family from the Danish invaders of England.
" Saxon, and Norman, and Dane are we." It is akin to the
German Otto, Otho, etc., still used as a Christian name on the
Continent, but rarely among English-speaking people not of
German origin. Under the older forms, Ote, Otte> Otere,
Ala in Otere, the name is found in English records from the
thirteenth to the fifteenth centuries, and Otere in the Domesday
book. LOW&- says that " Walter Fitz Other [which would now
be expressed' 4 Walter, the son of Otty"], the celebrated castel
Ian of Windsor, temp. William I., the ancestor of the Fitzger-
alds, Gerards, Windsor, and other great families, was the son
of Otherus, a great landowner under Edward the Confessor."
Here we have the name Latinized, whence we Have a retransla-
tionwith the favorite English termination e ory (old English e,
modern y). Ingram, in his translation of the Saxon Chronicle,
says the name was Oht-here, or Ocht-here, i. e., " Terror of
an army " (oht or ocht, a host, or army, and here, fear). " Fear
* Whitby, meaning " white town," was founded by the Danes. The termination by,
in Danish towns, la equivalent to the ville in Norman, and ton in Saxon.
I> loss IK (\ OTTV,
LATE WIFE OK THE AUTHOR.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 65
inspiring," " terrible in war," is the meaning usually assigned
to it by writers on names. Her father's mother was Elizabeth,
daughter of Andrew Crookshank and Elizabeth Irons, son of
George Crookshank, a Loyalist from New Jersey, of Scotch
birth. Her mother's name was Hetty, daughter of John Howe,
formerly Postmaster General of Nova Scotia and New Bruns-
wick, and Hetty Haines, of Halifax, said to be of German
descent. He was son of John Howe 5 , a Loyalist from Boston,
and Martha, daughter of William Minns, who came to Boston,
I believe, from Great Yarmouth, England, about 1738. Joseph
Howe 6 , the celebrated political leader and Canadian statesman,
was son of John Howe 5 by a second wife. They trace to an
immigrant ancestor, Abraham Howe, of Roxbury, Mass., sup-
posed to have been born at Hatfield, Broad Oak, Essex, Eng-
land, through lasac 2 , Isaac 3 , Joseph 4 . The following is from
the inscription on the monument to her memory in the Church
of England cemetery at Digby : " A woman of most amiable
disposition and rare mental gifts; a daughter, wife, and mother
of exquisite tenderness of devotion ; a Christian of unassuming
piety, wide charity, and active benevolence. Born Nov. 29,
1851 ; died suddenly Oct. 8, 1887. Many daughters have done
virtuously, but thou excellest them all." The following obit-
uary notice appeared in the Digby Courier : " The news of the
sudden demise of Mrs. A. W. Savary on Saturday morning last
was received with feelings of the deepest sorrow by the many
friends by whom she was loved and respected. She was a true
lady, a fond and devoted wife and mother, and full of kindly
sympathy for others in their hour of sorrow and trouble, a
sympathy which was practical, and often took a substantial form
to those whose needs rendered such an expression necessary.
This is the truest charity 4 which thinketh no evil,' and finds
its fullest expression in acts of benevolence and words of kind-
ness. At two o'clock on Monday, the time appointed for the
funeral, the shops in the town were closed, and from every
flagstaff colors were hung at half mast. A large number of
6(J THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
persons, including many from Wey mouth and other parts of
the county, were present to show the last mark of respect to
one so highly esteemed. Prayers were offered at the house by
the Rev. Dean Filleul, of Weymouth, and the Rev. R. Mc-
Artlmr, after which the remains were conveyed to Trinity
Church, where, the usual services being held, the cortege pro-
ceeded to the Episcopal cemetery. Here kindly hands had
lined the grave with flowers and green moss, and all that was
mortal was consigned to its last quiet resting place. As the
solemn words, 4 earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust,'
fell on the ears of the listeners, many a silent tear-drop bore mute
testimony to the general sorrow. The earth was replaced, the
mourners sadly departed, and the autumn leaves dropped noise-
lessly over the grave of a most estimable lady whose place
in society will long remain unfilled."
He married, 2d, June 16, 1892, Eliza Theresa, daughter of
the late Rev. Abraham Spurr and Catherine (Johnstone) Hunt.
Rev. A. S. Hunt, Baptist clergyman and superintendent of
education in Nova Scotia, was son of Elijah and grandson of
Benjamin Hunt, who was a Loyalist colonel in .the Revolution-
ary War, of New York or New Jersey, and probably descendant
of Thomas Hunt, who came to Westchester County, N. Y., in
the time of Cromwell.*
His mother was a daughter of Abraham Spurr, of an old An-
napolis County family. Catherine 4 Johnstone was daughter of
Dr. Lewis Johnstone, physician, of Wolfville, N. S., by his first
wife, May Cunningham, of Jamaica, and niece of Hon. James
W. Johnstone, for twenty-five years leader of the Conservative
party of Nova Scotia, a most eloquent orator and profound
jurist. Lewis 3 Johnstone was, through William Moreton 2
Johnstone, grandson of Lewis 1 Johnstone, of the family of the
Johnstones, Earls of Annandale, with plausible claims to the
title, now dormant, who served the British government in high
* See Hunt Genealogy, by Wyman. Thomasi was supposed to be son of Thomas
Shropshire, England, and a descendant of Richard of Shrewsbury.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 67
offices in Georgia, and is said to have been the last Royal gov-
ernor of that Province, and who married a Miss Peyton, of an
old Georgia family. William Moreton 2 Johnstone, a distin-
guished Loyalist officer, married Elizabeth, who was daughter of
John, and grand-daughter of Rev. Gustavus Philip Lighten-
stone, a Protestant clergyman of Cronstadt, Russia, a descend-
ant of Count Lichtenstein, an Austrian, and was also of some
Jewish extraction; her mother was Catherine, daughter of
Philip Delegal, a French Protestant, also a high British official
of that day. Elizabeth (Lightenstone) Johnstone was a lady
of strong character and great talents and attainments, and her
life, owing to the troubles of the times, was one of peculiar
and romantic vicissitudes, recorded by her, with notes on
events of a more public character, in an interesting and valu-
able manuscript never yet published.
By first wife :
I. Thomas William 8 , b. Jan. 8, 1878.
II. Effie Howe, b. Feb. 4, 1879.
III. Henry Phipps Otty, b. Sept. 12, 1880.
IV. John Howe, b. Jan. 28, 1882.
[From O'Byrue's "Naval Biography."]
44 CAPT. ALLEN OTTY, R. N., COMMANDER, 1815, F. P. 14, H. P. 30.
"Allen Otty entered the navy, 15th August, 1803, as A. B., on board the
4 Helder ' guard ship, in the river Humber, Capts. Edmund Hawkins and
Benjamin Walker. From April, 1806, until promoted to the rank of lieu-
tenant, 14th April, 1810, he served chiefly in the capacity of master's
mate, a rating he attained 9th May, 1805, in the ' San Josef ' and ; Ville de
Paris,' of 110 guns, 'Caledonia,' 120, and 'Barfleur,' 98, flagships (on the
Channel and Lisbon stations) of Sir Charles Cotton, Lords Gardiner and
Gambier, and Hon. Lord George Crawford Berkley. His succeeding ap-
pointments were, to the 'Impeterix,' 74, Capt. John Lawford; 'Phipps,'
gun brig, Capt. Christopher Bell; and 'Goshawk,' sloop, Capt. Jas.
Lilburne, Thos. Ball Clowes, and Hon. Wm. John Napier; to the gun-
boat service on the river St. Lawrence, and to the 'Constance,' 18, and
'Minstrel,' 20, both commanded by Capt. Peter Fisher. On the night of
29th April, 1812, we find him serving with boats of ' Goshawk,' and of a
squadron under command of Capt. Thos. Usher, and acquiring the greatest
praise for his undaunted courage in a brilliant attack on the enemy's
gg THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
privateers and batteries in the Mole of Malaga, an enterprise which,
though partially successful, terminated in a loss to the British, out of 149
officers and men, of fifteen (including Capt. Lilburne) killed, and fifty-
three wounded. After having acted for a period as commander of the
' Star ' sloop in North America, Mr. Otty was confirmed in his present
rank of commander, by commission bearing date 1st July, 1815. During
the two following years he appears to have had command of the Mon-
treal' and 'CharwelV on the lakes of Canada."
[Compiled by H. P. OTTY, ESQ.]
" Geo. 1 Crookshank, a native of the Orkneys, Scotland, left Orkneys
when a boy and came to America. The next we know of him was as Capt.
George Crookshank, who sailed out of New York through the war. He
settled in Red Bank, New Jersey ; had a family of five children, three sons
and two daughters ; vi/., George, Robert, and ANDREW, and Rachel and
Catherine. He died in St. John, 20th March, 1797. He must have left the
Orkneys somewhere about 1740.
" Georges Crookshank was in his Majesty's commissary; he was Deputy
Commissary General in Canada, and afterwards a member of the Privy
Council in Upper Canada. One daughter survives him, Mrs. Stephen
" Robt. 2 Crookshank sailed for some years as captain in the merchant
service, then settled in St. John, and entered the mercantile business (a,
member of the firm of Crookshank & Johnston) . He died 6th May, 1861 ;
aged 91. Two sons, Andrew and Robert, and two daughters are still
" ANDREW 2 CROOKSHANK, born in New Jersey, came to St. -John with
the second lot of Loyalists. He married Elizabeth Irons, a lady born in
Elizabethtown, New Jersey. He was a merchant in St. John; died 13th
February, 1815, aged 49 years. His wife died April 18, 1847, aged 87
years. They had two children, Robert and Elizabeth. Robert married
Hannah Otty (sister of Allen Otty), and ELIZABETH S married Allen Otty,
" Rachel Crookshank married Dr. Macauly, a professor in a university
or college in Upper Canada.
"Catherine Crookshank married Hon. Peter McGill, of Canada, from
whom McGill College, Montreal, derived its name.
" As Colville is a family name, I mention here Capt. John Colville was
an uncle of ANDREW CROOKSHANK; he died in St. John, Nov. 17, 1808,
aged 70 years.
"Capt. Allen Otty married Elizabeth Crookshank at York, Upper
Canada, 8th August, 1818. He died at Darlings Island, King's County,
N. B., 15th March, 1859, aged 74 years. His wife died same place, 7th
August, 1852, aged 51 years."
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 69
[From Lawrence's "Footprints of St. John."]
"In early years Prince William Street was a fashionable street for
residences, and later for business, merchants residing over their stores.
The oldest building in St. John is the Crookshank House in that street,
erected by John Colville, one of the first merchants. He died there Nov.
17, 1808, aged 70 years."
DEIDAMIA 7 SAVERY (Uriah 6 , Nathan 5 , Uriah*, Thomas 3 ,
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was bom Nov. 14, 1824; and married Feb.
17, 1846, John Smith, a native of Hull, England ; died May
26, 1884, an exemplary Christian parent and citizen.
I. Charles 8 , b. June, 1847 ; d. 1848.
II. Uriah Savery, b. July 21, 1849; m. Oct. 7, 1879, Alma Alice
Lewis, of Weymouth, N. S. ; she d. He resides in New York
III. William K., b. Nov. 8, 1851 ; m. Jan. 15, 1875, Marie Sophronia
Cleveland, of Margaretsville, N. S., of New England ex-
traction, and doubtless of same family as President Cleve-
IV. Lizzie A., b. July 8, 1853; m. June, 1880, R. Douglas Hardy,
Granville, N. S.
V. Deidamia, fc. March 28, 1855; m. May 28, 1877. Frank E.
Thomas, of Hill Grove, Digby County; now a widow residing
with her son, C. ELDON S THOMAS, in New York City.
VI. John Havelock, b. March 21, 1857 ; perished in shipwreck with
his uncle, Albert Savery, March 20, 1878. (See No. 19.)
VII. EnaM.,b. May 26, 1859; m. July 4, 1878, Judson A. Reed,
of Hill Grove, Digby County. Resides at Waltham, Mass.
VIII. Ada May, b. Aug. 1, 1861 ; m. Oct. 24, 1888, Herbert E.
Warner, son of Charles T. Warner 7 , who was son of William
Warner and Orrilla Savery 6 . (See No. 4.)
IX. Cassie B., b. June 10, 1863.
X. Hattie K., b. April 1, 1865; m. Nov. 28, 1888, Charles W. Rice,
of Waltham, Mass.
XL Emma A., b. Sept. 16, 1866.
JOHN DEAN 7 S A VARY (Nathan* the younger, Nathan*, Uriah*,
Thoma, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 *), was bora April 22, 1836 ; and
7Q THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
married, 1st, Feb. 14, 1856, Sarah Jane Tibbitts ; she died Dec.
15, 1878 ; 2d, April 28, 1881, Elizabeth Milner.
By first wife :
I. Sabina J. 8 , b. Nov. 15, 1858.
II. William E., b. Dec. 25, 1860.
III. Norman D., b. Feb. 4, 1862.
IV. 3Iiner II., b. May 7, 1864.
V. Ehnira E., b. Oct. 4, 1867.
VI. Sarah A., b. Oct. 23, 1869.
VII. Ida M., b. April 26, 1874.
VIII. John A., b. May 27, 1877.
By second wife :
IX. Pha>be A., b. Sept. 11, 1883.
X. Deidamia II., b. Aug. 11, 1885.
XI. Lizzie I., b. June 7, 1887.
XII. Charles II. Spurgeon, b. April 11, 1889.
XIII. Carrie P., b. March 3, 1891.
JOSEPH H. 7 S A VARY (Nathan* the younger, Nathan 5 , Uriah\
Thomas?, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 )^ married Lizzie, daughter of Joseph
J. Raymond, of Beaver River Corner, Digby County, where he
I. Annie 8 , b. Aug. 13, 1878.
II. Lita Vale, b. July 22, 1880.
III. George Murray, b. Dec. 1, 1S83.
IV. Joseph Henry, b. Aug. 15, 1885.
RUFUS L. 8 SAVERY (Stillman 1 , Thomas*, Thomas 5 , Uriah*,
Thomas*, SamueP, Thomas 1 ), born Jan. 29, 1834 ; married
March 19, 1858, Harriet Hatheway, and resides at Marion,
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 71
I. Ward W. 9 , b. May, 1860; graduated B. A., at Yale College,
1884; and in 1891 a law student at Chicago, 111.
JI. John Thomas, b. October, 1861 ; d. Sept. 20, 1882.
III. Herbert W., d. April 3, 1881.
IV. Elmer E., b. July, 1864; d. Oct. 25, 1881.
V. Esther L., b. November, 1872.
VI. Charles L., b. February, 1880.
VII. Rufus H., b. 1881.
STEPHEN PORTER S SAVERY ( George C. 1 , Isaac 6 , Isaac*, Uriah 4 ,
Thomas B , Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born Dec. 11, 1841 ; joined
the 4th Michigan Volunteers in 1861, and served in the
national forces, except for short intervals, when invalided,
throughout the Civil War, interrupting for that patriotic pur-
pose his studies at the University at Ann Arbor ; assisted Capt.
DeGoyler in enlisting a company of light artillery, known as
Battery 26, and sometimes as DeGoyler's battery, in which he
at first held the commission of second lieutenant. He was after-
wards promoted to a captaincy, and December, 1862, was placed
in command of Co. G, Second Regiment, Illinois Artillery ;
was in the battle of New Madrid (where his battery sunk the
enemy's gunboat " Mississippi "), and at that of Holly Springs,
and in command at Davis's mill, where he signally defeated
Gen. Vardum, who attacked his position with an immensely
superior force ; was in command at Island No. 1 0, Mississippi
River, and in several other important services ; and, ranking as
major under Gen. Hurlburt at Memphis, Tenn., where he was
organizing a home guard for the defence of the city, he died
there of smallpox, June 25, 1864. " He lived and died a
" How sleep the brave who sink to rest,
By all their country's wishes blest."
72 THE S A VERY FAMILIES.
He married Feb. 3, 1863, Julia P. Foster, and had one child,
born Nov. 25, 1863, and died Sept, 19, 1864.
ISAAC SANFORD SAVERY (George C. 7 , Isaac*, Isaac**, Uriah*,
Thomat?, SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born Dec. 11, 1843 ; married
Sept, 3, 1868, Cornelia Rogers. Like his brother, Capt.
Stephen Porter Savery, he served in the Michigan volunteer
infantry during the entire Civil War, and was wounded in the
leg. He is a member of the G. A. R. Resides at Salem, Mich.
1. Effie J. 9 , h. Nov. 25, 1869.
II. Wirt Ira, b. Oct. 14, 1873.
III. George P., b. Dec. 17, 1877 ; d. Aug. 2, 1878.
IV. Vesta P., b. Nov. 9, 1879.
V. Ray L., b. Jan. 9, 1883.
VI. Coda J., b. Feb. 19, 1887.
HENRIETTA E. 8 SAVERY (George C. 1 , Isaac 6 , Isaac?, Uriah 4 ,
Thomatf, Samuel? \ Thomas 1 ), was born Jan. 15, 1847 ; and
married Nov. 27, 1871, George A. Smith.
I. Lloyd De Witt 9 , b. Aug. 14, 1873.
II. Harry II., b. Feb. 2, 1876; d. in infancy,
III. Ford Savery, b. Nov. 23, 1877.
HENRY R. 8 SAVERY (George C. 1 , Isaac*, Isaac 5 , Uriah 4 ,
Thomatf, SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 23, 1848 ; married
Jan. 14, 1880, Lida Van Houghten.
I. Ethel M. 9 , b. July 10, 1881.
II. Rex T., b. Aug. 20, 1883.
III. George Clyde, b. June 10, 1885.
IV. Donna, b. Feb. 16, 1887.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION A. 73
CECILIA J. 8 SAVARY (Richard 1 , Nathan*, Nathan^, Uriah*,
Thomas*, Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born Sept. 20, 1840 ; married
Dr. Enoch Pearce, son of Enoch and Rachel (McKenzie)
Pearce, who was born at Westminster, near Baltimore, Md. ;
a physician and surgeon of eminence, and writer on medical
topics. He filled many important positions, military surgeon,
examiner, etc., during the Civil War, a prominent member of
the State Medical Society of Ohio, and chairman of the Com-
mittee on the Incurable Insane, a member of the Ninth Inter-
national Medical Congress at Washington, 1887, etc., etc. They
reside at Steubenville, Ohio.
I. George Grant 9 , graduate of Steubenville High School, and Duff's
Commercial College, Pittsburgh, Va.
II. Jessie B.
III. Frank Savary, a graduate with honors of Pennsylvania Medical
College, and resident physician, Presbyterian Hospital there.
IV. Olive B.
VI. Enoch Stanton.
THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY.
THOMAS 4 SAVERY (Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born
April 26, 1710 ; and married Priscilla, daughter of Ichabgd Pad-
dock, the ancestor of the North and South Carver branches.
But few reliable traditions concerning him have come down to
us. It is said that he was carried away as a prisoner of war
to one of the French West Indies, and kept there two years.
There is sufficient to indicate that he was fairly prosperous, and
respected in the community where he lived.
I. Bethia 5 , b. Feb. 19, 1735-6; m. Rogers.
2 II. Thomas, b. July 1, 1736.
III. Priscilla, b. May 8, 1739 ; m. Ezra Burbank.
3 IV. William, b. Aug. 12, 1744.
V. Esther, b. Jan. 7, 1746; m. 1st, John Allen; 2d, William
VI. Ruth, b. June 8, 1749; d. Sept. 14, 1754.
4 VII. James, b. Dec. 13, 1752.
VIII. Ruth, b. March 27, 1755 ; m. Dr. Coy.
5 IX. Lemuel, b. July 7, 1759.
DEACON THOMAS* SAVERV (Thomas*, Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 ,
Thomas 1 ), was born July 1, 1736 ; married, 1st, Zilpah Barrows;
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 75
2d, Aug. 10, 1763, Hannah Bennett, of Middleboro; 3d, Mary
Crocker; 4th, Mary Shurtliffe. A man well known, highly re-
spected, and long remembered for his intelligence and shrewd-
ness, genial disposition, and probity of character. Died March
By first wife :
6 I. Mary 6 , b. Aug. 20,1761.
II. Thomas, b. March 7, 1764; d. young
7 III. Peleg, b. March 7, 1764.
By second wife :
IV. Zilpah, b. Aug. 16, 1766; m. William Cushman ; d. March 11,
1789. He d. March 5, 1849, aged 85.
8 V. Mercy, b. June 26, 1768.
WILLIAM 5 SAVERY (Thomas*, Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ],
born Aug. 12, 1744 ; married Lydia, daughter of George
Holmes. According to the traditions handed down by the
writer's grandfather, lie was the favorite cousin and companion
of the latter in their youth ; of tall, slender, and erect figure,
he met his death at an early age by an accidental fall from a
building. His widow married twice afterwards, an Atwood
and a Clark.
I. William 6 , b. Sept. 2, 1769.
9 II. Thomas.
10 III. George H.
V. Joanna, or Joey.
JAMES 5 SAVERY (Thomas 4 , Thomas 3 , Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was
born Dec. 13, 1752 ; married June 18, 1774, Mercy Burbank.
Both died quite young. They had six children, of whom I have
the names of four, the rest probably dying young. I cannot
give the order of birth of these.
76 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
11 I. James 6 .
12 II. Ruth, b. 1780.
III. I'rtecilla, m. Greenleaf, and went to Maine.
IV. Caroline, was probably the one who m. Seth Morton; lived to
the age of 96 ; had a son Seth, and daughters Caroline, Mercy,
Betsey, Harriet, and three others.
LEMUEL* SAVERY (Thomas 4 , Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ),
was. born July 7, 1759; married (intentions recorded June 18,
1785) Elizabeth "Deverson," or Davidson, widow of George,
who had been married to Elizabeth Stephenson, Jan. 4, 1777.
She came from Canada with father, mother, and brother
13 I. John 6 , b. Oct. 24, 1786.
II. Elizabeth, b. July 28, 1788; m. Isaac Dunham, whose son, Rev.
Isaac 7 Dunham, is a Trinitarian Congregational minister at
East Bridgewater, Mass. ; was several years chaplain to the
Senate of Massachusetts; a useful and respected minister
of the gospel.
III. William, b. Feb. 2, 1790; unm. ; probably d. at sea.
14 IV. Lemuel, b. Sept. 1, 1792.
V. Samuel, d. young.
MARY 6 SAVERY (Thomas 5 , Thomas*, Thomas 5 , Samuel 2 ,
Thomas 1 ), eldest child of Dea. Thomas Savery, was born
Aug. 20, 1761 ; and married Job Cole.
15 I. Samuel 7 , b. 1780.
IF. Zilpah, b. June 2, 1783; m. Barnabas Shurtliffe, of Carver; d.
May 25, 1871. Ch. : (1) William 8 , b. July 9, 1806; d. March
9, 1853. (2) Mary Savery, b. Dec. 18, 1808; m. Samson
McFarlin; d. May 6, 1846. (3) .Barnabas, b. Aug. 9, 1812;
m. Desire Irish, of Bangor, Me. ; d. Feb. 9, 1848. (4) Lo-
throp, b. May 31, 1814; m. Elizabeth Whitmore; d. March
4, 1879. (5) Zilpah Barrows, b. Sept. 17, 1823; m. Seneca
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 77
III. Ruth, b. Sept. 9, 1786 ; m. Zebedee Chandler, of Carver ; d. Aug.
27,1834. He d. April 6, 1849, aged 63. Ch. : (1) Job Cole 8 ,
b. Dec. 13, 1804; m. Nancy B. Sherman, of Plympton.
(2) Mary, b. April 25, 1806; m. Levi Shurtliffe, of Carver.
(3) Caroline, b. Nov. 13, 1807; m. Job Morton, of Carver; d.
Jan. 5, 1857. (4) Isaac, b. Sept. 21, 1809; d. Jan. 10, 182i.
(5) Hannah, b. Sept. 11, 1811 ; d. Oct. 25, 1811. (6) Josiah,
b. Sept. 12, 1812; d. Jan. 25, 1825. (7) Ruth C., b. Oct. 10,
1814; m. Wra. F. Jones, of Barnstable. (8) Benjamin P.
T., b. Oct. 3, 1816; d. April 29, 1818. (9) Mercy S., b. Oct.
16, 1818; m. Samuel Ridgway, of Stoughton; d. Jan. 9,
1853. (10) Albert F., b. Dec. 21, 1820 ; m. 1st, Sarah W, Tol-
man; 2d, Martha E. Fuller. (11) Sarah B., b. Dec. 21,
1825 ; m. Miles Pratt, of Carver.
IV. Hannah, m. Ezra Thomas. Ch. : (1) Charlotte 8 , b. October, 1812 ;
m. Phineas S. Burgess. (2) Ezra, b. May, 1814; m. Mary
Briggs. (3) Lucy, b. Dec. 19, 1815. (4) Isaac S., b. 1816;
m. Huldah Bunker, of New Hampshire. (5) Elizabeth, b.
May, 1817 ; m. Winslow Burgess ; d. December, 1867. (6) Har-
vey, b. July 2, 1825 ; m. Bhoda Morton, of Martha's Vineyard.
V. Mary, m. John Freeman. Ch. : (1) Nancy B. 8 , m. Elkanah
Shaw ; (2) Anna Maria, m. James B. Til ton ; (3) Polly, m.
EliabWood; (4) Deborah, m. Hezekiah Cole.
VI. Mercy, b. 1794; m. Micah Leonard. Ch. : (1) Theodora 8 , b.
Sept. 14, 1812; m. John Vaughan; d. January, 1880.
(2) George S., b. Feb. 20, 1819; m. Lydia Gammons.
(3) Henry D., b. April 6, 1826; m. Elizabeth Barrows; d.
Sept. 7, 1871.
VII. Job, d. young.
PELEG 6 SAVERY (Thomas 5 , Thomas*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 ,
Thomas 1 ), born in Carver, Mass., March 7, 1764 ; and married
Hannah, daughter of Joshna and Hannah Perkins, of Middle-
boro, Mass., who was born July 25, 1763 ; was an amiable
man, a good neighbor and citizen, honest and truthful. He
reared a large family in comfort and respectability, but never
sought to acquire extended property or possessions. He was a
natural sportsman. His good-nature and aptness made " Uncle
Peleg," as he was familiarly called, a great favorite with young
as well as old. A wit and a wag, he was remarkably happy
and quick at repartee. He died July 14, 1849. His widow
died April 9, 1853, aged 89.
yg THE S A VERY FAMILIES.
16 I. Thomas 7 , b. Oct. 25, 1787.
i; II. John, b. Aug. 26, 1789.
18 III- William, b. Xov. 2, 1791.
19 IV. Zilpah, b. Dec. 27, 1793.
20 V. Mary, 1). Jan. 22, 1797.
21 VI. Hannah P., b. March 24, 1799.
22 VII. Drusilla, b. Xov. 30, 1802.
Peleg Barrows, b. June 7, 1805.
MEKCY C SAVERY (Thomas b , Thomas 4 , Thoma^, Samuel?,
Thomas 1 ), was born June 26, 1768 ; married Thomas Adams 4 ,
descended from Francis Adams 1 , who was born in Cheshire, Eng-
land, A. D. 1677, and died at Kingston, Mass., April 16,
1758, through Thomas 2 , Joshua 8 . He died Sept. 1, 1810. She
afterwards married Dr. Gad Hitchcock, of Hanson, and died
March 19, 1838. The following obituary notice -of her, from the
4 > Old Colony Memorial," I cite from the "Adams Genealogy " :
"Died in Boston on the 19th hist., Mrs. Mercy Hitchcock, aged
69 years, widow of the late Dr. Gad Hitchcock, of Hanson,
Mass. During her last illness she evinced an extraordinary
degree of patience and resignation ; and such was her con-
fidence in God, and so bright were her hopes of a glorious
immortality, that death was disarmed of its terrors; and she
would exclaim, 4 Though I walk through the valley of the
shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for the Lord is my strength
and my salvation.' For her children she ever manifested an
unusually strong and self-sacrificing affection, which entwined
around her the tenderest sensibilities of their hearts. In the
benevolent operations of the day she took the deepest interest,
and the distressed and afflicted never appealed to her sympathy
I. A daughter 7 , b. at Plympton, Feb. 10, 1790; d. same day.
II. Thomas, b. Aug. 10, 1794; d. Aug. 10, 1795.
III. Thomas, b. Dec. 23, 1795; d. Aug. 23, 1796.
IV. John, b. Jan. 20, 1797 ; m. Nancy Pratt, of Carver.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 79
V. George, born July 26, 1800; d. Jan. 14, 1803.
VI. Thomas, b. Aug. 6, 1802; m. Eunice Bigbee, of Pomfret, Vt.
VII. Mary, b. November, 1805; m. 1st, John Bent, of Middleboro;
2d, Watson Gordon, of Croydon, N. H.
24 VIII. George, b. Jan. 10, 1807.
THOMAS 6 SAVERY (William 5 , Thomas*, Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 ,
Thomas 1 ), born before 1769 ; married, 1st, July 23, 1791,
Abigail Everson. She died, as I believe, 1805, but perhaps
earlier; 2d, March 28, 1806, Joanna, daughter of Ezra Bur-
bank, of Plymouth.
By first wife :
I. Lydia Holmes 7 , b. Feb. 9, 1792; m. Bartlett Faunce.
II. Sally, b. September, 1794; m. 1st, Thomas Faunce; 2d.
III. Abigail T., b. August, 1796; m. Thomas Spinney, of Boston.
IV. George, b. Dec. 26, 1798; sailor in the navy; d. unm.
By second wife (Joanna Burbank) :
V. Sophia, b. Jan. 24, 1807 ; m. John A. Spinney.
VI. Joanna Holmes, b. Sept. 24, 1808.
VII. Thomas, b. Sept. 23, 1810; m. Fanny Smith; lived only one
year, leaving one child, which also d. His widow m. Windsor
ftavery, son of Nehemiah, of the Middleboro Severys or
Saverys. (See No. 50, Severy and Savery Family.)
VIII. Mary, b. Aug. 11, 1814; m. 1st, Henry Dunstan; 2d, John
Alexander ; 3d, Charles Soule ; 4th, Aaron Sampson.
25 IX. William S., b. Sept. 17, 1816.
X. Priscilla Paddock, b. 1819.
26 XI. Joseph B., b. June 15, 1820.
XII. Phoebe S., b. April 27, 1826; m. Francis Paulding.
I here reach a genealogical difficulty. It is asserted that
George, fourth child in regular order, died unm. Another
account, not so well verified, has it that the one who
died in the navy, unmarried, was named William. There
is a faint tradition of three marriages of Thomas, one
between those which I have stated as first and second
marriages. I tbink that a George 7 , who survived and
married, should come in here, and although probably
born before any of the children by the marriage with
Joanna Burbank, it will be convenient, on account of the
uncertainty of date of birth, to put him below.
80 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
GEORGE H. 6 SAVERY ( William 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas?, Samuel 2 ,
Thoma* l \ married Nov. 4, 1804, Mary, daughter of Peter
Lanman; and died in South America.
I. Eli/a 7 , m. Xahum Johnson, of Bridge water.
IV. Mary X., m. Solomon Hardy.
V. George H., m. Dorothy Guruey, of Abiugton, and had a
daughter, Mary Elizabeth, m. Stephen Holmes. Geo. H.
Savery died at South Abington, Mass., in 1881, aged 64.
JAMES P| SAVERY (James 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas*, SamueP,
Thomas 1 ), married Olivia Shurtliffe. " He was a man of
feeble constitution, but by careful attention to the laws of
health, preserved a fair degree of physical vigor. He was
conscientious, and aimed at doing right, as far as he could see
the right, both in public and private affairs. He early recog-
nized the sinfulness of slavery, and was the first; in his town
to vote the abolition ticket. Then he stood alone, but the.!
next year he had the satisfaction of seeing six vote with
28 I. WilliamS. 7
II. Susanna L.
IV. James, m. Jan. 24, 1833, Almira W. Cushman ; no children.
V. Thomas, d. under 25.
29 VI. Priscilla.
VII. Benjamin; prepared for a university course, but died befoi
RUTH 6 SAVERY (James 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas*, Samuel
Thomas 1 ), was born in 1780; and married Levi Morse,
Middeboro, who was born 1777, and died May 4, 1857 ; si
died Jan. 3, 1864.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 81
r. Mercy B. 7 , b. Dec. 10, 1799; m. 1822, Otis Cobb, of Carver; d.
Dec. 31, 1840. Ch. : (1) Benjamin R. s , b. 1823, d. 1825;
(2) Otis, b. March, 1827; (3) Mary B., b. Aug. 16, 1837.
30 II. Levi, b. Aug. 26, 1802.
III. Hannah, b. Feb. 1, 1807; m. Sept. 21, 1834, Ichabod Sampson;
d. Sept. 26, 1885. Ch. : (1) Ruth Savery 8 , b. Aug. 17, 1835;
(2) Josephus, b. April 29, 1837; (3) Thomas W., b. March
IV. Ruth S., b. Aug. 10, 1809; m. April 10, 1831, Lewis Holmes,
of Plymouth; d. April 1, 1835. Ch. : (1) Isabella F. 8 , b.
1832, d. 1835; (2) Lewis J., b. May 27, 1834.
V. Thomas, b. Aug. 26, 1812; d. Aug. 25, 1838.
VI. Elisha, b. Sept. 12, 1816 ; m. April 28, 1841, Rachel F. French.
VII. Luther, b. Feb. 2, 1820; d. Sept. 20, 1824.
VIII. Cephas, b. June 6, 1823; m. June 2, 1850, Susanna E. Bradford,
of Plympton. Ch. : (1) Cephas 8 , b. April 3, 1851 ; and others.
JOHN 6 SAVERY (Lemuel!*, Thomas 4 , Thomas*, Samuel 2 ,
Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 24, 1786 ; removed when young to
Oxford, N. EL, where he married, 1810, Abiah Butterfield; and
died 1819. His widow survived him seven years.
31 I. John Stephenson 7 , b. Aug. 8, 1812.
II. William, b. Sept. 3, 1814; d. June 4, 1849, in New York; un-
III. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 23, 1815; m. in New York, April 18, 1848,
E. IV. Bradley, who died March 6, 1868 ; and has son, GEORGE
W. 8 , b. Sept. 20, 1840, living at Greenfield Hill, Conn.
IV. George W., b. Aug. 20. 1818 ; removed young to Chicago, where
he married, and had three children, whose names and records
I have been unable to obtain.
LEMUEL 6 SAVERY (Lemuel 5 , Thomas*, Thomas 3 , Samuel' 2 ,
Thomas 1 ), was born Sept. 1, 1792 ; married Oct. 9, 1816, Rizpah,
daughter of Eleazer Thomas, of Middleboro, whose mother
was Rizpah Bryant; and died at Plymouth, June 23, 1834. She
was born Sept. 3, 1797, and died at Middleboro, Nov. 25,
1882, aged 85.
g2 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
I. Emily Williams 7 , b. Feb. 13, 1819 ; m. 1st, Rev. - - Walker ; 2d,
Silas Dean, of Middleboro.
II. William Thomas, b. Dec. 24, 1820; m. Dec. 12, 1842, Silvia C.
III. Elizabeth Stephenson, b. Oct. 30, 1822 ; intentions of marriage
recorded Nov. 13, 1840, to Henry S. Ryder.
32 IV. Samuel Munson or Marstou, b. Nov. 7, 1825.
V. Cordelia Bartlett, b. Feb. 29, 1828; m. Robert Cole, of Middle-
VI. Ann Maria, b. June 12, 1834; d. Sept. 14, 1836.
SAMUEL COLE T (Mary Saver/ and Job Cole, Thomas?,
Thomas 4 , Thomas*, Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born 1780 ; married
Sally Morton, of Plymouth ; and died April 1, 1843. She died
Oct. 23, 1855.
I. Mary 8 , b. Nov. 30, 1803; m. Winslow Wright, of Plymouth.
II. Sarah, b. Aug. 4, 1806; m. Ephraim Paty, of Plymouth, who d.
III. Samuel, b. Sept. 25, 1808 ; m. 1st, Hannah Burgess, of Plymouth ;
2d, Jane Morton.
IV. Job T., b. Jan. 24, 1811 ; m. 1st, Hannah Frye; 2d, Lucy Frye;
both of Andover.
V. Esther S., b. April 23. 1813; m. William Beekman; d. June 28,
VI. Martha M., b. March 14, 1816; m. Charles T. Holmes, of Plym-
outh ; d. Oct. 25, 1844.
VII. Deborah B., b. May 3, 1819 ; d. April 30, 1837.
VIII. Caroline E., b. Sept. 1,- 1822; d. Sept. 12, 1842.
IX. Jane R., b. Feb. 19, 1825 ; d. Sept. 28, 1827.
HON. THOMAS 7 SAVERY (Pdecf, Thomas 5 , Thomas*, The
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 25, 1787; married Betsey
Shaw. He was a selectman of Wareham in 1820 ; elected a
HON. JOHN SAVERY
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 83
county commissioner, May 12, 1835 ; a member for Warehamin
the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1840 ; and was a
member of the Executive Council of the State under Governor
Clifford in 1853, and under Governor Washburne in 1854.
He filled these high public positions with ability and honor, and
died May 15, 1873. His widow died Jan. 29, 1885, aged 94
years 8 months 18 days.
33 I. John 8 , b. Nov. 3, 1815.
II. Thomas, b. April 8, 1819; d. Sept. 23, 1820.
III. Elizabeth Shaw, b. Jan. 26, 1828; d. Oct. 28, 1828.
JOHN 7 S A VERY (Peleg*, Thomas*, Thomas*, Thomas*, Sam-
uel?, Thomas 1 ), was born in Carver, Aug. 26, 1789 ; married
Polly Atwood. The Atwoods were among the earliest comers
and first settlers of Plymouth. I quote from the " History of
American Manufactures," published in 1867 : " John Savery,
the founder of the Phoenix Works in Jersey City, together with
his son William, a man eminently qualified by natural endow-
ments for success in business pursuits, united in 1838 and
established the works in Jersey City. Mr. Savery was a pioneer
in developing American manufactures. He served an appren-
ticeship at the trade of a moulder. He made cannon balls in
the War of 1812. In fact, he was the first who succeeded in
making a perfect cannon ball at the foundry where he learnt
his trade. He made balls which were used by the U. S. frigate
4 Constitution ' in her memorable engagement with the
Guerriere.' His first partnership was with Hon. Benjamin
Ellis at the extensive works in Carver, next at Albany, N. Y.,
last at Jersey City, N. J." Although he neither sought nor
coveted office, yet he was early appointed selectman, and twice
elected to the State Legislature. He could be elected from his
town when no other man of the Whig party could. He died
April 17, 1853 ; his widow, April 23-, 1883, aged 90.
84 THE SAVEIIY FAMILIES.
34 I. William 8 , h. Oct. 26, 1815.
35 II. Polly, b. April 18, 1818.
30 III. Hannah Perkins, b. Nov. 13, 1820.
37 IV. Waitstill At wood, b. Nov. 25, 1822.
V. John, b. Sept. 30, 1825; d. December, 1826.
WILT JAM 7 S A VERY (Pelef, Thomas 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas?,
Samuel 2 , thomas } )< was born at Carver, Mass., Nov. 2, 1791 ;
and married Oct. 5, 1817, Abigail Fearing. After an appren-
ticeship as shipping clerk in the office of his brother-in-law,
Benjamin Ellis, Esq., of Carver, he entered into a copartnership
with his brother Thomas in an extensive hollow-ware business
at Wareham, operating a foundry for the manufacture of such
wares at Agawam. Later he became engaged extensively in
shipping, owning property in many vessels. After a prosper-
ous and honorable mercantile career, he retired from business,
and was for twenty-five years a director of the Wareham National
Bank, and filled with honor various other positions of impor-
tance in fiscal and social affairs. He died Aug. 31, 1881 ; his
\vilV had died July 9, 1873, aged 77 years 8 months 26 days.
I. William Curtis 8 , b. Xov. 30, 1818; d. Jan. 22, 1822.
II. Abigail Fearing, b. Jan. 19, 1821 ; d. Feb. 16, 1834.
III. Mary Ellis, b. April 3, 182.3; m. 1st, July 30, 1843, Joseph
Bartlett, of Wareham ; 2d, Gad Kobinson. of Bridgewater ;
d. Sept. 27, 1889.
IV. Tirzah Tobey, b. Aug. 30, 1825; m. Aug. 7, 1852, Sturgis Chad-
dock, of Boston.
V. Hannah Perkins, b. Oct. 31, 1827; m. March 22, 1850, John H.
Kobinson, of Falmouth.
VI. Bartlett Murdock, b. March 4, 1830. BARTLETT M. 8 SAVERY is
a prominent merchant of New York City
38 VII. William, b. Dec. 11, 1832.
VIII. Abby Caroline, b. Sept. 14, 1836; unm.
ZiLPAH 7 SAVEKY (Pdeg\ Thomas 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas*,
Samuel*, Thomas 1 ), was born Dec. 27, 1793 ; and married Wil-
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 85
I. Abigail 8 , b. May 3, 1818 ; m. Eufus C. Freeman; d. Oct. 5, 1864.
II. William, b. Sept. 6, 1820 ; m. Fanny Maria Evans, of Baltimore.
MARY 7 SAVERY (Pe% 6 , Thomas', Thomas 4 , Thomas*, Sam-
ueP, Thomas 1 ), was born Jan. 22, 1797 ; married Feb. 14,
1818, Benjamin Ellis, of Carver; and died May 30, 1879.
I. Louisa Jane 8 , b. April 13, 1819 ; m. Joseph Pratt.
II. Matthias, b. May 29, 1825; m. Sallie Forsyth, of Albany; d.
Nov. 21, 1879. Ch. : (1) Helena 9 , m. John Stewart Elliot,
of Xew York; (2) Marie Louise, m. Thomas Gaff, of Cin-
HANNAH P. 7 SAVERY (Peleg^, Thomas 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas*,
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born March 24, 1799 ; and married
Bartlett Bent ; died 1890.
I. Anmira 8 , b. Aug. 1, 1825; m. Mr. Peacock, of Brooklyn, X. Y.
II. Bartlett, b. Sept. 11, 1829; m. Sarah Peacock.
III. Thomas Savery, b. Sept. 12, 1833; m. Mary Peacock.
DRUSILLA 7 SAVERY (Pdeg*, Thomas*, Thomas 4 , Thomas*,
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Nov. 30, 1802; and married
I. John Savery 8 , b. July 11, 1828 ; m. Susan Cobb.
II. Drusilla, b. Feb. 22, 1841; m. John S. Carter.
HON. PELEG BARROWS T SAVERY (Peleg*^ Thomas', Thomas 4 ,
Thomas*, SamueP, Thomas^), was born in Carver, June 7, 1805 ;
and married May 22, 1834, Julia Eliza, daughter of the late
Charles and Lydia (Reno) Conklin, of Albany, N. Y., a cousin of
86 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
the late distinguished senator, Roscoe Conklin. As iron manu-
facturer and dealer in iron ware, he was a member of the firm
of Savery, Shaw & Co., of Albany, N. Y., and of Savery & Co.
in Philadelphia, which lie established in 1838. He was a gen-
tleman of kindly and amiable, courteous and genial disposition,
possessing in a remarkable degree the elements of large
personal popularity, making friends everywhere. Like his
father, lie was an excellent sportsman, and devoted much of his
leisure to his favorite amusement. He was a member of the
Senate of Pennsylvania. Died Sept. 15, 1863.
I. Julia Antoinette 8 , b. Aug. 22, 1836; d. Feb. 18, 1837.
39 II. Charles Conklin, b. Jan. 2, 1838.
(0 III. William Henry, b. Aug. 10, 1847.
IV. Mary Ellis, b. Dec. 7, 1855 ; d. Feb. 4, 1879.
V. Alanson Spenser, d. young.
This closes the record of the children of Peleg Savery, of
Carver, all of whom filled honorable and prominent positions in
society, in commerce, and in politics.
GEORGE 7 ADAMS (Mercy Saver^ and 'Thomas Adams,
Thomas' i Thomas*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born in
Boston, Jan. 10, 1807 ; married Hannah S. Harlow, of Plym-
outh. Was the author of the " Genealogy of the Descendants
of Francis Adams," his ancestor, who came to New England in
1692, and to whose labors I am also indebted, mainly, for a record
of the descendants of Dea. Thomas 5 Savery, and of the births
and marriages of the deacon's brothers and sisters, all of which
I have here incorporated. He left Boston in 1811, and lived
in Carver and neighboring towns till 1823, and in 1835 re-
moved to Boston. In 1846 he began the publication of the
"Boston Directory," and subsequently directories of other
cities and towns in New England and elsewhere. The firm of
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 87
Adams, Sampson & Co., of which he was the founder, was
widely known as the largest publishing house for that class of
books in the country. Died in Newton, Oct. 4, 1865.
I. George W. 8 , b. Aug. 10, 1830; m. Mary A. Holland.
II. Hannah, b. July 27, 1832 ; m. Dr. Edward A. Spooner, of Plym-
outh, now in Philadelphia.
III. Sarah S., b. Oct. 17, 1840 ; d. March 12, 1842.
IV. Theodore Parker, b. July 24, 1845; m. Aug. 11, 1869, Ellen B.
Cushman, of Plymouth. THEODORE P. 8 ADAMS, teacher of
a preparatory school and much devoted to genealogical re-
search, resides in Boston, Mass.
WILLIAM S. 7 SAVERY (Thomas 6 , William*, Thomas*, Thomas 3 ,
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Sept. 17, 1816 ; and married May
14, 1837, Ruth Ann Barrett.
I. Augusta S. 8 , b. Feb. 22, 1838 ; m. 1855, Lorenzo F. Simmons.
II. George, lives at Rockland.
III. Emeline P., b. 1850; m. June 30,1872, Russell T. Bartlett,
and probably others.
JOSEPH B. 7 SAVERY (Thomas 6 , William 5 , Thomas*, Thomas 3 ,
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born June 15, 1820 ; married Mary Ann,
daughter of George Thrasher. Resides at Savery's Pond, near
Plymouth, Mass., a locality known by that name for genera-
41 I. Thomas G. 8 , b. Sept. 19, 1843.
GEORGE 7 SAVERY (Thomas*, William 5 , Thomas 4 , Thomas 3 ,
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), date of birth unknown ; married Catherine
Baxter, of Hyannis, Mass., who died April 20, 1848.
88 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
1. Samadrus", b. 1829; m. LydiaC. Sturgis; d. Dec. 12, 1889. Ch. :
(1) Mary C. 9 , b. 1856; m. Jan. 9, 1876, Eugene Crowell. (2)
Ida, 1). 1859; m. 1878, Edgar Evans. (3) Frederic A., b.
1801 : in. Augusta Jones. (4) Eugene H., b. 1863; m. Lois
Xewcomb. (5) Alon/o C., b. 1865 ; m. Myra Edsou. (6) Bes-
sie, b. 1867 : in. John Williams. (7) Lily C., b. 1869 ;ra. Charles
Fuller. (8) George H., b. 1871. (9) Chester, b. 1874.
(10) Bertie, b. 1877. (11) Alice, b. 1880.
II. Sarah P., m. 1S41, Frederic Ames, of Cotuit; d. February, 1888.
WILLIAM S. 7 SAVERY (Jame/; James*, Thomas*, Thomas',
SamueP, Thomas 1 ), born Aug. 23, 1801; married, 1st, Susan
Shurtliffe ; 2d, Joanna Waterman. Was a member of the
Massachusetts House of Representatives one term, and a justice
of the peace many years. Resided at North Carver, Mass. ; died
Dec. 23', 1870.
By first wife :
I. Mary T.% b. June 24, 1832; m. Lewis Sherrett, of Trimshaw
Park, Blackburn, Eng. Ch. : (1) William L. 9 , b. in Carver,
Sept. 9, 1859; (2) Susan, b. Aug. 7, 1864; d. Oct. 15, 1869.
WILLIAM L. SHERRETT was a young man of fine intellect and
great industry. He held a position in the Pension Depart-
ment at Washington five years, and while there qualified him-
self for the profession of the law at Georgetown University,
and was admitted to the Washington Bar in 1889 ; and also,
during this time, studied medicine and surgery at Howard
University, Washington, where he graduated M. D., 1890.
Was Deputy Grand Master of the Independent Order of Odd
Fellows, and high up in Masonry. He died of consumption
in Florida, 1890. Mrs. Sherrett died suddenly of paralysis,
July 31, 1892.
II. Angeline A., b. Sept. 30, 1833; d. Feb. 27, 1840.
III. William S., b. April 24, 1835 ; went to sea, fate unknown.
IV. Francis A., b. October, 1836; d. March 16, 1840.
V. Benjamin Harrison, b. April 9, 1841 ; m. Hattie L. Holmes, of
Plymouth, where he resides. Ch. : (1) Harrison Stephen.
b. May 3, 1872. (2) Lewis Winslow, b. Aug. 17, 1874; d.
Jan. 20, 1875. (3) Wolcott Smith, b. March 7, 1878.
(4) Aurissa Wrn., b. March 7, 1878. BENJ. H. 8 SAVERY, who
d. Dec. 15, 1892, served honorably during the war, in the
38th Massachusetts Regiment.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 89
PmsciLLA 7 SAVEKY (Jame&, James*, Thomas 4 , Thomas*,
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), married James Sullivan Holmes, and now
resides at Lawrence, Mass.
I. James Aristides 8 .
II. Thomas Savery.
III. Olivia Shurtliffe.
LEVI T MOUSE (Ruth Savery^ and Levi Morse, James*, Thomas 4 ,
Thomas 5 , Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ^), was born Aug. 26, 1802 ; married
March, 1834, Sally Tinkham, who was born March 13, 1805.
I. . Wilson 8 , b. Feb. 1, 1825 ; in. and had three children, of whom
one, Elisha, is living (in 1887).
II. Ezra", b. July 17, 1837 ; m. and has live children, all living in 1887.
III. Emily, b. Feb. 6, 1839; m. Baxter; four children.
IV. Sarah, b. Jan. 10, 1841 ; d. Oct. 4, 1858.
V. Harrison, b. Nov. 7, 1842 ; in., four children. HARRISON S MORSE
is a leading citizen of Brockton, Mass., of which city he has
been councilman and alderman.
VI. Bradford, b. May 4, 1848; m. June 22, 1871, Ella A., daughter
of Oilman P. and Jane W. (Pratt) Keith, of North Middle-
boro. Ch. : (1) Ruth 9 , b. Aug. 1, d. Aug. 5, 1878. BRAD-
FORD 8 MORSE was captain of Co. I, 1st Reg., M. V. M.
Infantry, four years. Removed to California, and engaged
in fruit raising. City marshal and tax collector, Riverside,
JOHN STEVENSON 7 SAVERY (John*, Lemuel, Thomas 4 ,
Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born probably at Oxford or
Lyme, N. H., Aug. 8, 1812 ; and with his brother and sister,
William and Elizabeth, removed young to New York City,
where he married Lydia Dare, who died May 13, 1868. He
was proprietor of a hotel and restaurant in New York, but
9Q THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
resided with his family more than thirty years in Brooklyn.
He tecame celebrated and popular as an anti-slavery and tem-
perance orator, a fellow-worker in the canse of negro emancipa-
tion with the illustrious William Lloyd Garrison. He readily
undertook the circulation of Garrison's newspaper, the Liberator,
when to do so involved great personal danger. His death, Jan.
17, 1882, was extensively noticed in the American and
I. Harriet M. s , b. Oct. 20, 1838; m. 1858, Henry C. Bonnell, who
died leaving her and one son, A. H. 9 Bonnell, b. Oct. 21, 1859.
II. John S.,b. Dec. 21, 1842.
III. Elizabeth, b. March 15, 1846 ; m. 1866, Albert 0. Stebbins; living
at Worcester, X. Y.
SAMUEL MARSTOX T SAVERY (Lemuel, Lemuel*, Thomas 4 ,
Thomav\ Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 }, was born Nov. 7, 1825. Inten-
tions of marriage published April 18, 1847, to Nancy
Ripley, daughter of Capt. Ansel Bartlett, of Plymouth. He
died Jan. 16, 1862, of dislocation of the spine and consequent
paralysis, caused by being thrown from a carriage. The Plym-
outh Rock newspaper of Jan. 23, 1862, notices his death
in two articles, speaking of him as a well and favorably known
and enterprising business man. The widow is still (1887)
living at Boston.
I. William Henry 8 , b. Oct. 9, 1844 ; m. April 10, 1874, Catherine Ag-
nes, daughter of James Turley, of Portland, Me., where he
resides. Ch. : (1) William Peters 9 , b. June 26, 1875 ; (2) Wal-
ter James, b. July 1, 1880; (3) Charles Foster, b. April 28,
II. James C., b. Xov. 14, 1851. Was a soldier in the CJ. S. Army,
and was killed at Black Hills, 1875.
III. Samuel Marstou, b. Jan. 1, 1862 ; m., lives in Virginia.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 91
JOHN 8 S AVER Y (Thomas 1 , Peleg 6 , Thomas 5 , Thomas*, Thomas 9 ,
SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born Nov. 3, 1815 ; married, 1st, July
13, 1850, Elizabeth Ogle ; 2d, Aug. 6, 1859, Martha Adele
Winslow, of Philadelphia. She died Dec. 5, 1892. Has rep-
resented Wareham in the Massachusetts House of Representa-
tives. Was for some time a member of the firm of Savery &
Co., Philadelphia (see Peleg B. 7 , No. 23). During the war he
rendered valuable service to the national cause, actively assisting
in the organization of volunteer refreshment saloons in Phila-
delphia, through which city all the Western regiments were
obliged to pass on their way to Washington. Lives at East
By second wife :
I. John Maximilian 9 , b. in Philadelphia, July 26, 1864.
WiLLiAM 8 SAVERY (John 1 , Peleg*, Thomas*, Thomas*,
Thomas*, SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born Oct. 26, 1815, and mar-
ried Mary Page Van Schaack, of Albany, N. Y., daughter of Ste-
phen and Harriet (Dunnell) Van Schaack. Resides at his seat,
Leyden Cottage, South Carver, Mass., where he has always
lived, except for about twenty years that he spent in New York
and Jersey City. Has always been engaged in the business of
iron manufacture, and in partnership with his father in Jersey
City (see John 7 , No. 17), and the head and manager of the re-
spected and well-known firm of John Savery's Sons, New York
City. Although never ambitious for political office, he has-
served as a member of the State Legislature, and in minor public
positions. A man of great but unassuming and modest gener-
osity, ever ready to assist the poor and the oppressed, his name
$2 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
is mentioned with deep affection among his kindred, and esteem
and respect by all who know him, far and wide.
42 I. William Egbert 9 , b. Sept. 23, 1841.
II. Mary Page, b. Sept. 9, 1854; m. May 15, 1889, Josiah Jowett.
III. Harriett D., b. Nov. 5, 1858.
POLLY" SAVERY (John', Pelecf, Thomas 5 , Thomas*, Thomas*,
Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born April 18, 1818; and married
I. Emma W. 9 , b. March 10, 1846; m. C. H. Dennett, and has two
HANNAH PERKINS* SAVERY (John 7 , Peleg*, Thomas 5 ,
Thomax*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Nov. 13, 1820 ;
married Samuel A. Shurtliff.
I. Abby F. 9 , b. Nov. 28, 1843; m. W. C. Ireland; no children.
II. Charles A., b. March 7, 1848 ; d. June 28, 1854.
III. Anna L., b. March 29, 1851.
IV. Hannah S., b. Aug. 11,1855; m. Albert Partridge; one child,
Marion Louise 10 .
V. Grace A., b. Jan. 17,1858; m. Harry Hutchinson; one child,
Ruth Allerton 10 .
WAITSTILL ATWOOD* SAVERY (John 1 , Pelef, Thomas 5 ,
Thomas 4 , Thomas-\ Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born Nov. 25, 1822 ;
married George P. Bowers; and died Jan 13, 1866.
I. Polly Savery 9 , b. Feb. 8,1848; m. Felice Cammilli, of Rome,
II. Nancy C., b. May 4, 1853.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION B. 93
WILLIAM 8 SAVERY (William 7 , Pele/, Thomas*, Thomas 4 ,
Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Dec. 11, 1832 ; married
Dec. 25, 1876, Ella Jane Bassett. Resides at Wareliam.
I. Sadie Louise 9 , b. June 9, 1879.
IT. Waldo Bartlett, b. Dec. 30, 1883 ; d. Jan. 18, 1888.
CHARLES CONKLIN S SAVERY (Peleg B. 1 , Pelef, Thomas 5 ,
Thomas 4 , Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Jan. 2, 1838 ;
and was a member of the firm of Savery & Co., Philadelphia.
He married Jan. 1, 1862, Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander
Purves, who was born in Scotland, but brought up in New
Hampshire, and whose wife, married in 1837, was Sarah A.
Likens, born in Pennsylvania, and died Dec. 19, 1890, aged"
73, leaving him surviving. Charles C. Savery died June 18,
1880. The following is from an obituary notice : u Quiet, re-
tired, truly kind to every one," his was " a generous heart to
sympathize with all with whom he came in contact ; just in all
his ways, true to the right under all circumstances, he so bore
himself to his fellow-men that none can rise up to say aught
I. Charles Peleg 9 , b. Jan. 13, 1863.
II. Lewis Alexander, b. Oct. 15, 1864; d. when 21 months old.
III. Fanny Mary, b. Oct. 25, 1866; d. when 7 weeks old.
IV. Alexander Purves, b. Feb. 7, 1870; d. when 22 months old.
V. Sarah Lydia, b. June 22, 1874.
WILLIAM HENBY S SAVERY (Peleg B. 1 , Peleg 6 , Thomas 5 ,
Thomas 4 , Thomas 3 , Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Aug. 10, 1847 ;
and married Sept. 4, 1871, Rosey, daughter of the late (mari-
94 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
time) Capt. James and Catharine (Maglellon) Taylor, of whom
Bayard Taylor makes mention in his travels through the Holy
Land, in 1851, being his guest at Smyrna, but not of kin.
She was born April 21, 1843. On becoming of age he was
admitted member of the firm of Savery & Co., and continued so
till it ceased to exist, in 1876. Resides in Philadelphia.
I. William Henry Aloysius 9 , b. May 31, 1872 ; d. May 17, 1875.
II. Francis Nelson, b. Jan. 16, 1874.
III. William Aloysius, b. Feb. 17, 1876.
IV. James Taylor, b. Sept. 5, 1879.
V. Charles Conklin, b. Oct. 15, 1881.
THOMAS G. 8 SAVERY (Joseph B. 1 , Thomas*, William*, Thomas*,
Tliomas*, Samuel 1 , Thomas 1 ), was born Sept. 19, 1843 ; and mar-
ried July 2, 1871, Laura A. Pierce.
I. Thomas F., b. July 27, 1873.
II. Eddie C., b. Feb. 26, 1876.
III. Florence E., b. Sept. 13, 1882.
WILLIAM EGBERT 9 SAVERY (William 8 , John 7 , Peleg\
Thomax\ Thomas*, Thomas?, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born Sept.
23, 1841; married June, 1870, Sarah Louise, daughter of Dr.
William Belcher, of Sing Sing, N. Y. Succeeding his father,
he now carries on the business of the old firm of John Savery's
Sons in Jersey City and New York.
I. Annie B.', b. Jan. 21, 1878.
II. Ethel, b. Feb. 27, 1882. .
WILLIAM L. SHEKKETT, M. D,
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION C. 95
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY.
SAMUEL 4 SAVEKY (T~koma&, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ), was born
'probably at the Agawam Plantation, Aug. 18,1718; married
by Rev. Roland Cotton, Dec. 25, 1739, Elizabeth Bumpas,
probably sister of Deborah, wife of his brother Uriah. He was
a man of ability and influence, a leading spirit in the affairs of
his town and of Wareham, after it was set off, for more than
forty years, during most of which period he was selectman,
chairman of all important committees, engaged the schoolmas-
ter, and managed the settlement of the ministers.* He was
appointed a coroner, July 1, 1769 ; was one of the " Committee
of Correspondence and Safety " during the Revolutionary War ;
and held a captain's commission in the Continental Army. " It
is said that he received some votes for the office of governor,
although not regularly nominated as a candidate." His wife
died in 1787, aged 69. He married,' 2d (intentions published
Sept. 11, 1788), Lois Sturtevant, of Halifax, Mass., and died in
1812, in his 94th year, attaining a greater age than any other
male descendant of our common ancestor.
*For interesting references to him and other Saverys of the period, as well as other
valuable information, the reader is referred to a book entitled " Colonial Times on Buz-
za'rd's Bay," by William K. Bliss, Esq. : published by Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston
and New York. I quote the following from an article by Mr. Bliss in the Plymouth Free
Press, November, 1886 : "The Rev. Ebenezer Burgess said in a sermon, preached some
thirty years ago, that he remembered the congregation in the old historic meeting-house
at Wareham before it was torn down; he remembered Mackie reading off the hymns in
Scottish style, Fearing in the gallery leading the choir with a loud voice, Savery with
white locks bending over his staff, Nye with powdered wig like an English judge, " etc.
96 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
By first wife :
I. Mehitable 5 , b. Jan. 29, 1741 ; m. April 21, 1767, Ebenezer Clarke.
II. Lydia, b. April 15, 1744; m. June 4, 1772, David Swift.
III. Benjamin, b. March 26, 1746 ; d. July 28, 1754.
2 IV. Samuel, b. Feb. 14, 1747.
V. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 31, 1750 ; m. Sept. 11, 1784, Jeremiah Bnmpus.
VI. Benjamin, b. Jan. 29, 1755.
3 VII. Phineas, b. April 8, 1757.
VIII. Mary, b. Jan. 30, 1760; d. May 14, 1816.
IX. Abigail, b. March 18, 1764; m. probably Sept. 11, 1784, Lot
SAMUEL 5 SAVERY (SamueP, Thomas*, Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 ),
was born Feb. 14, 1747 ; married Dec. 13, 1770, Ruth Gibbs,
who, described as the wife of " Capt. Samuel Savery," .died
April 24, 1817, aged 65 years 2 months and 23 days. On
June 24, 1814, he Avas sergeant of a detachment doing duty as
guard in the town and harbor of Wareham. . Died Nov. 28,
1836, attaining within four years the age of his father. It is
said that his tombstone in the old cemetery at Rochester has
the following quaint, old-fashioned epitaph :
" Samuel Savery 's work is done,
The sands from out his glass have run ;
Of children ten he lost but one,
Who drowned was, his youngest son."
I. Lucy", b. July 29, 1772; m. May 5, 1811, Joseph Miller.
II. Esther, b. Aug. 6, 1774; m. Nov. 16, 1800, Josiah Ellis.
III. Temperance, b. July 9, 1776; m. Nov. 13, 1794, Pelham Gibbs.
IV. Ruth, b. Oct. 2, 1778 ; m. Oct. 21, 1802, Lewis Ellis.
V. Alothea, b. March 13, 1781 ; m. 1st May 15, 1806, Prince Dexter ;
2d, his brother.
VI. Polly, b. July 11, 1783 ; m. Feb. 23, 1804, John Bourne.
VII. Lucinda, b. May 11, 1787; m. 1st, March 15, 1812, Joseph Lam-
bert ; 2d, White.
4 VIII. Samuel, b. Sept. 15, 1789.
IX. Nabby, b. July 24, 1792; m. Capt. Freeman Gibbs.
X. William, b. Oct. 18, 1796; drowned in Weweantic River,
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION C. 97
LIEUT. PniNEAS 5 SAVERY (Samuel* , Thomas*, SamueP,
Thomas 1 ), an officer in the Revolutionary army, was born April
8, 1757 ; married, 1st, Mercy, who died Nov. 3, 1793, in her
38th year; 2d, Jan. 15, 1797, Hannah Swift. She died Aug.
21, 1847. He died Oct. 1, 1837.
By second wife :
I. Mercy 6 , b. March 19, 1798 ; m. Samuel Hatch, and had two
daughters, Hope To.bey and Elizabeth; both d.
5 II. Phineas, b. April 5, 1800.
6 III. Lemuel, b Jan. 28, 1802.
IV. Benjamin, b. Aug. 10, 1802 ; d. Aug. 10, 1804.
V. Cyrus, b. June 2, 1803 ; d. aged 4 years.
SAMUEL 6 SAVERY (Samuel 5 , Samuel*, Thomas*, Samuel 2 ,
Thomas 1 ), was born Sept. 15, 1789 ; married March 15, 1812,
Rebecca Swift, who died June 1, 1867 ; died Feb. 2, 1859.
I. Esther 7 , b. Dec. 5, 1813; m. 1st, Dec. 5, 1832; Capt. Willis
Churbuck; 2d, William Benson; d. at E. Wareham, Oct. 22,
II. Betsey, b. 1814; m. Feb. 23, 1834, Capt. Thomas Churbuck; d.
7 III. William, b. April 27, 1817.
IV. Charlotte, b. July 8, 1819; m. 1st, Jan. 29, 1840, Capt. Elisha
Besse ; 2d, George Griffith ; d. 1870.
V. Ruth, b. Feb. 9, 1821; m. 1st, Dec. 4, 1842, Andrew Long;
2d, George Bent; 3d, Benjamin Ingalls. Resides at East
8 VI. Levi, b. June 13, 1823.
VII. Lemuel Frederic, b. 1829; m. Caroline Raymond. Ch. :
(1) Frank ; (2) Victoria ; both dead.
VIII. Martha, b. June 2, 1833; m. April 3, 1850, William P. Gibbs;
d. at East Wareham, Mass., Feb. 20, 1881.
IX. Mary, twin of Martha; m. Nov. 28, 1852, John Eldridge. Lives
at East Wareham.
pg THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
DR. PniNEAS 6 SAVERY (Phineas 6 , Samuel*, Thomas?, Samuel?,
Thomas 1 ), was born April 15, 1800 ; graduated M. D. at the
Medical School of Harvard University ; married, 1st, Jan. 21,.
1825, Hope Tobey, who died Feb. 18, 1825 ; 2d, May 26, 1829,.
Nancy, daughter of John and Ann Messenger ; she died Sept. 4>
1830 ; 3d, Aug. 5,1833, Sarah Bailey, who died Aug. 26, 1878.
He resided at Attleboro, Mass., where he enjoyed a high repute
and successful practice as a physician. Died May 19, 1853.
By second wife :
9 I. Phineas Messinger 7 , b. July 30, 1830.
Bv third wife :
II. Abraham Bailey, b. May 12, 1834; d. May 22, 1834.
III. Hope Tobey, b. June 25, 1835 ; rn. Dec. 31, 1856, William Water-
man; d. Oct. 31, 1868. Ch.: (1) Grace Savery 8 , b. Nov. 5,
1857; d. June 7,1868. (2) William Atwood, b. Aug. 29 >
1860; d. Oct. 22, 1861. (3) Lizzie Ann Bailey, b. Feb. 20,.
1863; d. Aug. 20, 1864. ,
IV. Abraham Bailey, b. May 23, 1837 ; d. Dec. 16, 1863.
V. Cyrus Benjamin, b. April 17, 1839; d. Sept. 17, 1861.
10 VI. Job Briggs, b. Jan. 24, 1841.
VII. Nancy Messinger, b. Nov. 30, 1842; m. Nov. 22, 1865, Alviu F,
Gibbs, who was town clerk of Wareham, and d. 1883. Ch. i
(1) Abraham Bailey, b. March 26, 1868; she afterwards m.
Watson Ryder; and d. April 9, 1892.
VIII. Sarah Ann Bailey, b. May 11, 1847 ; d. Dec. 23, 1848.
IX. Henry Oliver, b. May 5, 1850.
LEMUEL 6 SAVERY (Phineas 5 , Samuel 4 , Thomas 3 , Samuel?,
Thomas 1 ), a farmer at Wareham, b. Jan. 28, 1802 ; married, 1st,
Sept. 4, 1825, Selina Gibbs, who died May, 1869, aged 63 ; 2d,
Dec. 10, 1874, Mrs. Margaret R. Gorham (maiden name Nich-
ols), of Halifax, N. S. He died April 9, 1890.
By first wife :
I. Mary Anne 7 , b. Sept. 11, 1826.
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION C. 99
II. Hannah Swift, b. Nov. 30, 1828; m. Nov. 10, 1849, Harvey
Crocker, of Barn stable.
III. Lemuel, b. May 2, 1831 ; m. 1st, July 22, 1854, Helen Thomas;
2d, Nellie Nichols. He d. Feb. 7, 1881, leaving daughter,
Helen 8 .
IV. Selina, b. June 18, 1833 ; m. Nov. 19, 1853, Levi Rennells ; living
at Hyde Park, Mass. Ch. : (1) Edgar A. 8 , m. Cassie
Walker; (2) Cora A.
V. Elizabeth S., b. Oct. 1, 1835; m. 1st, Aug. 15, 1854, SylvanuS
Snow. Ch. : (1) Frederic 8 ; (2) Esther Ann : m. 2d, Watson
Ryder. Ch. : (3) William W., b. June, 1876. She died, and
Watson Ryder m. 2d, June 18, 1885, Nancy Messinger, widow
of Alvin Gibbs, and daughter of Dr. Phineas Savery.
VI. Roxana G., b. Feb. 24, 1838; m. Samuel Rennells; d.
VII. Phineas, b. June 1, 1840 ; m. Elizabeth Hyler.
VIII. Mercy D., b. Aug. 23, 1842; m. June 25, 1867, Henry Curtis.
Ch. : (1) Harry 8 ; (2) Florence. Resides at Troy, N. Y.
WILLIAM 7 SAVERY (Samuel 6 , Samuel 5 , Samuel 4 , Thomas 3 ,
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), was born April 27, 1817 ; and married
November, 1842, Mary Anne Besse. Lives at East Wareham.
She died Oct. 27, 1873, aged 50 years 10 months 6 days.
I. Abbie Adelia 8 , b. Sept. 14, 1843; m. Oct. 22, 1863, Alexander
Swift. Resides at Nashua, N. H.
II. Rebecca A., b. Sept. 8, 1845; m. March 1, 1870, Frank Mendall,
of Marion, Mass.
III. Mary Frances, b. July 10, 1847 ; m. July 29, 1865, Benj. Bourne,
IV. Seth Besse, b. May 4, 1850; lives at Astoria on Pacific coast.
V. Levi Augustus, b. October, 1852 ; d. October, 1854.
VI. Winifred Maria, b. Jan. 22, 1855 ; m. Warren Howe, Nashua,
VII. Evelyn Augusta, b. July 9, 1858. Lives at Marion, Mass., un-
VIII. Betsey Swift, b. March 3, 1861. Lives at Nashua, N. II.
IX. Wilhelmina Isabel, b. March 1. 1867 ; d. March 20, 1868.
100 THE SAVER Y FAMILIES.
LEVI 7 SAVERY (SamueP, Samuel*, Samuel*, Thomas*, Samuel?,
Thomas^}, was born June 13, 1823 ; married, 1st, Jan. 10, 1850,
Mary E. Burgess, who d. Jan. 10, 1873 ; 2d, Mrs. Caroline
Bumpus. Lives at Sagamore, formerly called West Sandwich,
By first wife :
11. I. Betsey E. 8 , b. Nov. 9, 1850.
II. Mary Estelle. b. Aug. 13, 1854; m. Dec. 30, 1881, Obed Delano
Clifton, of Marion. Ch. : (1) Viola A. 9 , b. Aug. 6, 1888 ;
(2) Helen, b. Feb. 6, 1890.
III. Jacob Burgess, b. Aug. 12, 1858; m. Sept. 27, 1888, Amy A.
IV. Lizzie Linwood, b. Jan. 9, 1861.
V. Louisa Lincoln, twin of Lizzie.
VI. William Grant, b. April 27, 1865 ; d. Jan. 16, 1866.
VII. Martha Maria, b. July 27, 1869 ; d. Aug. 19, 1869.
PHINEAS MESSINGER ? SAVERY (Phineas*, Phineas 5 , Samuel 4 ,
Thomas?, SamueP, Thomas 1 ), counsellor and attorney-at-law,
was born at Attleboro, Mass., where his father then resided,
July 30, 1830 ; and married Nov. 29, 1853, at Liberty, Clay
County, Missouri, Amanda Gertrude, daughter of Hon. Henry
F. Mitchell ; commenced the practice of his profession in
Liberty in 1858, and was successful in it until the breaking
out of the Civil War ; was a major of cavalry in the Confed-
erate Army, and provost-marshal general of the trans-
Mississippi Department, C. S. A., for one year, and was after-
wards in the field either in line or on staff duty until surrender ;
was one year, 1867, assistant clerk to the House of Represent-
atives of the State ; has been twenty years continuously a com-
missioner of the United States for that State. In the Grand
Army of the United Confederate Veterans he has served on
THE OLD COLONY FAMILY. SUBDIVISION C. 101
the staff of the major general commanding Mississippi Divis-
ion, as inspector general, with the rank of colonel. His
Masonic record is long and very honorable. Now lives at
I. Charles Virgil 8 , b. Sept. 9, 1854; m. Sept. 9, 1884, in Madison-
ville, Ky., Hattie Ford. Ch. : (1) Earl Ford 9 , b. Feb. 7, 1886 ;
d. Oct. 24, 1891. (2) Fatie May, b. Nov. 10, 1888.
II. Mary A. Fidelia, b. Dec. 28, 1856 ; d. June 7, 1892.
III. James Mitchell, b. Jan. 13, 1859 ; d. unm. Oct. 25, 1884.
IV. Finney Messinger, b. Aug. 18, 1861; m. Nov. 13, 1889, Lucy
Martin. Ch. : (1) Charles Roy 9 , b. Aug. 24, 1890.
JOB BuiGGS 7 SAVERY (Phineas & , Phineas b , Samuel*, Thomas*,
Samuel?, Thomas 1 ), half brother of the preceding, was born
Jan. 24, 1841; and married Nov. 16, 1869, Isadora E. Briggs.
Was a highly respected citizen, and held the office of town
clerk of Attleboro fourteen years, as well as " other positions of
honor and trust." Died Oct. 3, 1886.
I. William Briggs 8 , b. Sept. 26, 1875.
II. Sarah Adelaide, b. Dec. 1, 1878.
III. Job Luther, b. Oct. 9, 1880.
BETSEY E. 8 SAVERY (Levi 1 , Samuel*, Samuel 5 , Samuel*,
Thomas*, SamueP, Thomas 1 ), was born Nov. 9, 1850 ; and
married Oct. 28, 1873, Seth A. Cobb, of Marion.
I. Celia A. 9 , b. Feb. 27, 1875.
II. George E., b. July 27, 1876; d. Sept. 13, same year.
III. Mary H., b. Dec. 25, 1877; d. Jan. 27, 1884.
IV. Augustus A., b. Dec. 8, 1879.
V. Seth A., b. April 15, 1882.
VI. Levi S., b. Jan. 22, 1889.
102 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY.
ROBERT SAVORY OF NEWBURY
The Thomas Savery who came in the " Mary and John," I have,
as already noticed, traced from Ipswich to Newport, R. I., and
there lost him. The ship arrived May 1, 1634, over a year after
the first mention of the first Thomas at Plymouth. She had
also among her passengers one WILLIAM SAVERY.* In the spring
of 1635 a band of twenty-three persons moved oVer from Ipswich
and laid the venerable foundations of old Newbury, now New-
bury, West Newbury, and Newburyport. The Rev. Thomas
Parker removed from Ipswich in order to retain his connection
with some of his attached friends from Wiltshire, and again
many Wiltshire people who had come with him to Ipswich fol-
lowed him to Newbury. I find many William .Saverys on the
records of Hanington, Wiltshire, near the early home of this
celebrated Puritan divine, but none whom I can -, positively
identify as the disciple who followed him to America. Whether
William, with a young son Robert, was among these early
removals to Newbury, or whether Robert's was a distinct
migration from England, there is nothing on the records to
show, but there is reason to believe that in either case Robert
was born in England, for on Dec. 8, 1656, he married Mary, who
had been the widow of William Mitchell since July 16, 1654 ; and
if he was then as old as twenty-two years and eight months, his
*So spelled in a copy of the list of passengers.
HON. GEORGE SAVAKY,
DIKD MARCH 28, 1854.
THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 103
birth would antedate the arrival of the " Mary and John." He
handed down the name William, as we presume, by the usual
rule of alternation in those days, from father to the eldest son,
as this son did, in his turn, naming his own eldest son Robert ;
and there is no doubt that Robert was the son of William,
although we find no certain trace of any brothers or sisters.
There was, however, an Anne Savory who married John Hardy,
July 8, 1701, who may have been a brother's daughter. Mary S.,
who died Dec. 13, 1704, was his widow. From Newbury he re-
moved among the first settlers to Bradford, where land taken up
by him is still held by some of his descendants. He died coming
home from Canada in 1690. I presume he was serving in that
formidable but unsuccessful expedition against Quebec, pro-
jected by Governor Winthrop, and commanded by Sir William
Phipps and Major Walley. If so, he could not have been over
sixty years of age, an additional proof that he was of tender
years at the time of the arrival of the " Mary and John."
I. Sarah 2 , b. Nov. 12, 1658.
2 II. William, b. Sept. 15, 1659.
III. Samuel, b. March 8, 1662. We find no further trace of him,
but I suspect that he married and was the father of a Ben-
jamin Savory, who " owned the covenant " at Bradford, Dec.
25, 1709, m. Lydia Parker, Dec. 8, 1715, and d. Sept. 28,
1747, having had children: (1) Martha 4 , b. March 4,
1717-18; (2) Benjamin, b. Nov. 26, 1721. I have found no
posterity of this Benjamin 4 .
IV. Rebecca, b. Jan. 20, 1663 ; m. Robert Mullican, Dec. 15, 1687.
V. Robert, b. Aug. 8, 1666 ; d. April 9, 1685.
WiLLiAM 2 SAVORY (Robert 1 ), was bom Sept. 15, 1659;
administered de bonis non on his father's estate after his
mother's death, and carried on the farm ten years after he
became of age; married Hannah , and with his two
104 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
sons, Robert and Thomas, was among the founders of the
church at Groveland, formerly East Bradford, in 1727.
Hannah was admitted to full church membership Feb. 18,
I. Hannah 3 , b. Jan. 25, 1691.
3 II. Robert, b. June 10, 1694.
4 III. Samuel, b. Oct. 6, 1696.
5 IV. Thomas, b. Jan. 23, 1701-2.
V. Mary, b. Sept. 1, 1704; m. July 31, 1722. John Rawlins, or
ROBERT 3 SAVORY (William 2 , Robert 1 }, born June 10, 1694;
married Jan. 10, 1717-18, Elizabeth Anderton, of Newbury,
who died Sept. 14, 1720 ; 2d, Rebecca, daughter of Aquila
By first wife :
I. Elizabeh 4 , b. Sept. 4, 1720; m. Sayer, or Sayler.
By second wife :
II. Chase, b. Oct. 5, 1723.
III. Hannah, twin sister of Chase. They seem to have been bap-
tized next day, and she probably died soon, as her name
does not appear on the town records.
IV. Ann, b. Dec. 5, 1729.
V. Abigail, b. April 1, 1731 ; m. April 25, 1753, Abraham Burbank,
SAMUEL 3 SAVORY ( William*, Robert 1 ), was born Oct. 6, 1696 ;
and married July 24, 1724, Abigail Ordway ; he died in 1729.
His widow administered on his estate ; and Nathaniel Ordway
was appointed guardian to the children, July 7, 1729.
I. Abigail 4 , b. Jan. 2, 1725-6.
II. Samuel, b. Nov. 20, 1727.
THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 105
THOMAS 3 SAVORY (William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born Jan. 23,
1701-2 ; married Mercy Adams, of Ipswich (intentions pub-
lished at Ipswich, Aug. 10, 1723). His will, a very elaborate
and interesting document, disclosing great care and circumspec-
tion, and illustrating the domestic and social habits of well-to-do
New-Englanders of that day, was dated Jan. 28, 1751, and
proved April 23, 1753. His son John, made sole executor,
being under age, administration durante minoritate, with will
annexed, was granted to his widow, who was also appointed
guardian of children, William and Betty, then under fourteen
years of age. She died Nov. 10, 1785.
I. Hannah 4 , b. Sept. 19, 1724; m. Nov. 26, 1744, Eldad Hardy.
II. Mercy, b. Oct. 23, 1728; m. Dec. 20, 1748, John Burbank.
III. Mary, b. Nov. 9, 1730; m. Jan. 24, 1749, Samuel Palmer, Jr..
IV. William, b. Dec. 13, 1734 ; probably d. young. (See VIII.)
7 V. John, b. May 21, 1736.
VI. Samuel, b. Jan. 30, 1737-38.
VII. Betty, b. July 11, 1740; m. Dec. 31, 1761, Solomon Tenny,
8 VIII. William, b. Dec. 6, 1743.
CHASE 4 SAVORY (Robert*, William^, Robert 1 ), was born Oct.
5, 1723; and married, 1st, April 13,1747, Priscilla Hardy ;
2d, June 2, 1779, Hannah Burbank.
By first wif>< :
I. Abigail 5 , b. Nov. 7, 1748 ; m. Sept. 8, 1768, Nathaniel Walling-
ford. Descendants live in East Bradford, now Groveland,
9 II. Samuel, b. March 15, 1749-50.
10 III. Daniel, b. Dec. 11, 1751.
IV. Hannah, b. Jan. 7, 1754; m. June 11, 1776, according to town
records, Parker Smith; church records, Plummer Smith;*
lived in West Newbury.
,*i. e., if they have been correctly transcribed for me. Parker is probably correct.
106 THE SAVER Y FAMILIES.
V. Robert, b. Dec. 1, 1757; " probably died in the army," but the
death of a Robert, who may be this man, is recorded at
Amesbury, April 6, 1799.
11 VI. Jonathan, b. Sept. 7 (or 22), 1759.
12 VII. Benjamin, b. Oct. 2, 1762.
VIII. Eliphalet, b. Feb. 19, 1765; m. Lucy Perkins; no children.
IX. Rebecca, b. Nov. 22, 1767; m. Dec. 5, 1797, Abel Saunders;
d. Jan. 5, 1838.
X. Susanna, b. July 17, 1772 ; m. Dec. 15, 1793, David Foote.
By second wife :
XI. Mary, b. June 27, 1780; m. Samuel Adams, of whom she was
the second wife.
CAPT. JOHN 4 SAVORY (Thomag, William' 2 , Robert 1 }, was
born May 21, 1736; and married Sept. 11, 1755, Sarah,
daughter of Edward and Mary (Spofford) Wood. It was
probably she who died a widow June 4, 1823.
13 I. Thomas 5 , b. Feb. 16, 1756.
14 II. John, b. Nov. 18, 1757.
WILLIAM 4 SAVORY (Thoma#, William*, Robert 1 ), was born
Dec. 6, 17.43; and married Mary- -;died July 22, 1800;
and his widow Dec. 24, 1814.
I. Ebenezer 5 , b. May 2, 1765.
II. Moses, b. Oct. 5, 1766; m. June 15, 1791, Susannah (or Sukey)
Dutch. Was a merchant of Newburyport, where his estate
was administered by his widow, July 8, 1802 ; had one son,
Moses 6 , b. Sept. 30, 1792. I think this son afterwards lived
in Bangor, Me.
III. Mary, b. June 19, 1768; m. Aug. 2, 1788, Noyes Jacques.
IV. Sarah, b. Jan. 9, 1770; d. Oct. 8, 1790.
V. William, b. Feb. 15, 1772 ; d. July, 1774.
VI. Betsey, b. June 24, 1774; m. May 5, 1794, Samuel Balch.
VII. Hannah, b. March 24, 1777; m. Feb. 3, 1801, Wadleigh Noyes.
VIII. William (twin of Hannah), d. April 12, same year.
IX. Priscilla, b. Jan. 4, 1781 ; m. April 15, 1802, Retire Parker.
15 X. Thomas, twin of Priscilla.
XI. Anna, b. July 23, 1782 ; d. Nov. 7, 1783.
THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 107
SAMUEL 5 SAVORY (Chase*, Robert?, William*, Robert 1 ), was
bom March 15, 1749-50 ; and married at Amesbury (intentions
published, Feb. 10, 1776) Mrs. Elizabeth Sargent, who may
not have been a widow, as the prefix " Mrs." was used to denote
a woman of mature years, when the father held a position of
rank or superior social standing, " Miss " being until more
recently confined to girls under twelve years old. She was born
April 18, 1757. He removed to and resided in Derry, N. H.,
whence some of his descendants removed to Warner, N. H.
He died Sept. 9, 1821, being killed by a tornado which demol-
ished his buildings. His widow died March 20, 1847. So far
as I have been able to gather, he had
16 I. Robert 6 .
IT IT. John.
18 III. Daniel, b. March 24, 1789.
IV. Rebecca, m. Obadiah Fifield. Ch. : (1) Franklin 7 ; m. Mary
Frisbee. (2) Francis, m. Lucy , and had two children.
(3) Albert. (4) Harriet. (5) Emily, m. Edwin Stone.
(6) Warren. (7) Sarah.
DANIEL 5 SAVORY (Chase*, Robert*, William!, Robert 1 ), was
born Dec. 11, 1751 ; and married (intentions published at
Amesbury Sept. 9, 1775) " Mrs." Sarah Colby; both described
as of Amesbury. He lived in various places, and had, I am
informed, twelve children born in Amesbury, of which the fol-
lowing are recorded :
I. Daniel 6 , b. Feb. 17,1777; intentions of marriage published at
Amesbury to Lois Goodwin, of same place.
II. Benjamin, b. June 18, 1779; d. April 5, 1799.
III. Elizabeth, b. April 15, 1781.
IV. William, b. July 27, 1783 ; d. April 7, 1799.
V. Sarah, b. Aug. 2, 1785.
10$ THE SA VERY ' FAMILIES.
VI. Aaron, b. Oct. 23, 1787.
VII. Hannah, b. June 25, 1790.
VIII. Chase, b. Oct. 4, 1794.
IX. Judith Tucker, b. Sept. 19, 1797.
X. Priscilla, b. March 19, 1800.
DBA.' JONATHAN 5 SAVORY (Chase 4 , Robert, William*, Robert 1 },
was born Sept. 7 (or 22 *), 1759 ; married, 1st, March, 1783,
Hannah Tenny ; 2d, Betsey Kimball ; resided in Deny, N. H. ;
died Feb. 25, 1841.
By first wife :
19 I. Thomas 6 , b. Oct. 6, 1783.
II. Priscilla, b. April 8, 1785; m. Abraham Burbank, and had two
daughters: (1) Hannah 7 , m. Warren Coffin, and had five
children ; (2) Harriet, m. David Coffin, and had four chil-
dren. A descendant of one of these is a lawyer of standing
III. Hannah, b. April 14, 1788; d. unm.
IV. Betsey, b. April 28, 1790; d. Aug. 29, 790.
V. Jonathan, b. March 6, 1793 ; d. June 17, 1795.
VI. Betsey, b. May 24, 1795; d. 1818, unm.
BENJAMIN^ SAVORY (Chase 4 , Robert, William?, Robert 1 ),
was born Oct. 2, 1762; and married, 1st, Aug. 26, 1789,
Judith Burbank, who was born July 28, 1767, and died July
10, 1830 ; 2d, April 5, 1836, Widow Mary Tenny, who died
Aug. 3, 1852. He died in Georgetown, Mass., March 26, 1856.
By first wife :
I. Mercy 6 , b. May 6, 1790; m. Dec. 25, 1811, Moses W. Thurlow.
Ch. : (1) Patience W. 7 , b. June 17, 1812; d. June 7, 1856.
(2) Tristram C. W., b. Sept. 8, 1813; d. Oct. 26, 1836.
(3) Judith S., b. July 8, 1822.
II. Judith, b. May 30, 1792; m. Jan. 23, 1816, her third cousin,
John Stickney. Ch. : (1) Moses 7 , b. May 17, 1819; (2) Abel,
b. Feb. 11, 1825; (3) Betsey, b. Nov. 22, 1830; d.
20 III. Nathaniel, b. July 31. 1794.
* Recorded twice. Perhaps 22d was date of baptism.
THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 109
21 IV. John Burbank, b. Jan. 6, 1797.
V. Eleazer, b. Sept. 11, 1799 ; m. March 7, 1843, Abigail P. Law-
rence ; d. ; no children.
VI. Robert, b. Feb. 1, 1802; resided at Haverhill; m. Catharine
Spofford. Ch. : (1) George Robert 7 , b. May 23, 1832; d.
22 VII. Benjamin, b. Nov. 1, 1804.
MAJOR THOMAS 5 SAVORY (John*, Thomas*, William 2 , Rob-
ert 1 ), was born Feb. 16, 1756 ; and married, 1st, June 18, 1778,
Bethiah Carle ton ; 2d, Aug. 18, 1785, Polly Rollins (or Rawlins).
He was a man of superior ability and of much influence, and a
prominent member of the Massachusetts House of Representa-
tives. He died May 23, 1829.
I. Bethiah 6 , b. Feb. 27, 1787 ; d. Oct. 1, 1790.
II. Polly, b. March 9, 1789 ; d. Jan. 21, 1800.
23 III. Bethiah, b. Feb. 24, 1791.
24 IV. George, b. Jan. 30, 1793.
V. Sophia, b. April 28, 1795 ; m. Sept. 21, 1836, John Pearson, of
25 VI. Joseph, b. April 28, 1797.
VII. Martha, b. Oct. 26, 1799 ; m. Jan. 14, 1823, Francis Wingate, of
JOHN 5 SAVORY (Jo/in*, Thomas*, William 2 , Robert 1 ), was
born Nov. 18, 1757; and married December, 1779, Polly
I. Abigail 6 , b. Dec. 27, 1781.
II. William, b. Aug. 11, 1783.
III. Sarah, b. March 21, 1785.
IV. John, b. Oct. 22, 1788 ; m. July 30, 1810, Ruthy Goodrich, of
V. Josiah, b. July 11, 1792.
VI. Hannah, b. July 31, 1795; m. Oct. 22, 1815, Ebenezer Hale
HO THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
THOMAS 5 SAVORY ( William 4 , Thomas?, William?, Robert 1 ),
was born Jan. 4, 1781, twin of Priscilla ; and married Oct. 10,
1804, Deborah Perley ; died probably July 23, 1838.
I. Moses 6 , b. Aug. 10, 1805.
II. Betsey, b. July 27, 1806.
III. Lucy Perley, b. June 5, 1808.
IV. Thomas, b. May 11, 1810 ; probably died young.
V. Mary Stevens, b. May 30, 1811.
VI. Dolly Wood, b. Nov. 12, 1813.
VII. Priscilla Parker, b. Feb. 13, 1816; d. Sept. 17, 1816.
VIII. Thomas William, b. Sept. 11, 1817 ; m. and had children : Carrie
P. 7 , who m. Feb. 6, 1857, Herbert E. Walker.
IX. Priscilla Parker, b. March 20, 1820.
X. Moses Putnam, b. Aug. 30, 1822.
XI. Hannah Dalton, b. March 19, 1825. In Groveland town records
is recorded a marriage Oct. 11, 1855, of Hannah H., daugh-
ter of Thomas and Deborah Sr.vory, to Samuel Balch.
26 XII. Charles Putnam, b. May 20, 1828.
ROBERT 6 SAVORY (Samuel 5 , Chase 4 , Robert, William*, Rob-
ert 1 ), married Abigail Hardy.
I. Samuel 7 .
VII. Lydia, m. Samuel Chase. Ch. : (1) Louis N. ; (2) Emmeline,
m. - - Ludlam.
JOHN 6 SAVORY (Samuel 5 , Chase 4 , Robert 3 , William 2 , Rob-
ert 1 ), married Sarah Straw.
THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. Ill
27 I. Hiram.
28 II. Moses.
III. Sarah, m. Warren Damon. Ch. : (1) Sarah; (2) Jessie;
IV. Betsey, d. unm.
29 V. John.
DANIEL 6 SAVORY (Samuel?, Chase*, Robert, William*, Rob-
ert 1 ), was born March 24, 1789 ; married April 8, 1813, Mary-
Straw ; died 1853.
Besides four who died young.
30 I. Cyrus Pettee 7 , b. July 24, 1824.
II. Pluma, b. October, 1826; m. Horace Stanley.
31 III. Lucy, b. Jan. 24, 1830.
THOMAS 6 SAVORY (Jonathan*, Chase 4 , Robert, William 1 ^
Robert 1 ), was born Oct. 6, 1783 ; married Grisel Holmes ; died
Dec. 16, 1867.
I. Elizabeth 7 , b. May 9, 1810; m. Oct. 9, 1835, Isaac Dow; no
32 II. Jonathan, b. May 7, 1812.
33 III. Caroline, b. March 14, 1821.
NATHANIEL 6 SAVORY (Benjamin*, Chase 4 , Robert?, William 2 ,
Robert 1 ), was born July 31, 1794, and early entered on a life of
maritime adventure. In 1830, in company with four other
white men and a party of natives, he fitted out at Oahu, one of
the Sandwich Islands, sailed to and made a settlement on Peel
Island, one of the Bonin Islands, in the North Pacific. These
islands had been discovered and taken possession of by the
English ; but as they were originally, peopled by Japanese*
THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
Japan has been of late years permitted to resume her ancient
sovereignty over them. The following account of the coloniza-
tion of the islands by Savory and his associates is from " Cham-
bers' Encyclopaedia " : " In 1830, Peel Island, the centre of the
group, was settled, in connection with the whaling business, by
a motley colony, an Englishman, an Italian, a Dane, two
Americans, and fifteen Sandwich-Islanders (five men and ten
women), under the auspices of a ' union jack.' "
The following was written by a member of Commodore
Perry's eventful expedition to Japan in 1853, in Harper } s Maga-
zine for March, 1856:* u ln 1830 a colony of Americans and
Europeans came to Peel Island from the Sandwich Islands,
having in their train several native, male and female, Kanakas.
This is the nucleus of a population which amounted only to
thirty-one all told on the visit of Commodore Perry. One
Nathaniel Savory, a New England Yankee, is looked up to as
a sort of patriarch of the people, and he manages to sustain
himself with the proper degree of dignity. This man has mar-
ried a native of Guam, the widow of one of the first settlers,
and what with an increasing family of young Savorys, the cul-
tivation of a patch of alluvial land, bounded in front towards
the bay by a coral reef, and in the rear by a wooded gorge,
which stretches between two hills which rise from the interior,
and the proverbial ingenuity of his countrymen in making the
best of the accidental circumstances of life, seems to be in a
highly prosperous condition. Savory contrives to raise such
abundant harvests of sweet potatoes, maize, onions, pine-
apples, bananas, and watermelons that he not only has enough
for himself and family, but a surplus to spare for the whalers
who frequent the Benin's for supplies. Whatever may be the
theoretical views of Savory upon the all-absorbing question of
the Maine law, he evidently practically disapproves of it, for he
has constructed a still and is famous for making the best rum
in all the Bonins. He has a pretty enough cottage with neat
*See also Coin. Perry's report of hia expedition, in any large public library.
THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 113
enclosures, and a garden, watered by a beautiful stream which
flows coolly through the tropical vegetation that fills in the
valleys beyond." From a declaration signed by him, dated
March 20, 1862, published in the Georgetown, Mass., Advocate,
Oct. 23, 1880, and said to be "elegantly" constructed and
written, it appears that in 1824* he was elected governor of the
island for two years, which period he served, and was elected for
three years more. The Japanese authorities, after their arrival,
treated him " with respect and much friendship." He sold a
portion of his estate on the island to the United States govern-
ment for a coaling and watering station for whaling and other
vessels in the Pacific Ocean. His wife was thirty-four years
old in 1862. He died about 1877 or 1878.
I. Agnes Burbank 7 , b. Feb. 14, 1853.
II. Horace Perry, b. April 3, 1855.
III. Helen Jane, b. Feb. 28, 1857.
IV. Robert Nathaniel, b. March IS, 1860.
V. Esther Thurbon, b. March 20, 1862.
And perhaps others.
JOHN BuRBANK 6 SAVORY (Benjamin 5 , Chase 4 , Robert 3 , Wil-
liam 1 , Robert 1 ), was born Jan. 6, 1797 ; and married May 30,
1819, Rachel Johnson, daughter of Solomon Hale, who was
born in Bradford, Mass., Jan. 11, 1798, and died March 28,
1880 ; lived in Rowley, now Georgetown, Mass.; died 1865.
I. Wicom Hale 7 , b. June 16, 1820; resided at Haverhill; d. Jan.
II. Sophila, b. July 10, 1823; m. Amos Spofford; d. January, 1880.
III. Martha Lorinda, b. May 16, 1830; d. Aug. 28, 1832.
IV. Benjamin Little, b. Feb. 27, 1832 ; resides in New York.
V. Rachel Johnson, b. March 6, 1837.
* But 1824 is evidently a typographical error in the. Advocate, for he first went to the
island in 1830.
THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
BENJAMIN 6 SAVORY (Benjamin*, Chase*, Robert, William*,
Robert^, was born Nov. 1, 1804 ; and married Feb. 13, 1831,
Mary Shaw Stone, of Salem, Mass.
34 I. Benjamin 7 , b. Aug. 23, 1832.
II. Tristram Thurlow, b. Sept. 19, 1834 ; m. March 7, 1873, Har-
riet F. Price. TRISTRAM T. 7 SAVORY is the proprietor
Savory & Co.'s express.
III. Mary Thorndike, b. May 12, 1837; d. Dec. 4, 1888; m. Wm. F.
Lef avour ; both d. leaving two children.
IV. Nathaniel, b. March 1, 1839; d. Aug. 11, 1857.
BETHiAH 6 SAVARY (Thomas*, John*, Thomas 3 , William*,
Robert 1 }, was born Feb. 24, 1791 ; and married Capt. David
Walker, who served his country as a lieutenant in the War of
1812. He was born Jan. 27, 1792, and died Feb. 20, 1829.
She died Jan. 12, 1883, aged 92. She was left a widow in
early life with three small children to care for, and nobly did
she do her duty. Through her long life she was ever faithful
to the highest and truest. Always cheerful, amiable, and kind
to all, quiet and unobtrusive in her manner, she was a close
observer, and her perceptive powers were unusually keen.
Until within about a year, when failing health impaired her
faculties, she was interested in all the events transpiring around
her. She was in every sense a true gentlewoman of the olden
I. George Savary 7 , b. Feb. 3, 1821; d. at Newburyport, Jan. 22,
II. Mary Jane, b. Oct. 11, 1823 ; d. July 2, 1865.
III. William R., b. Oct. 15, 1827 ; WILLIAM R. 7 WALKER was the last
cashier of the Merrimack County Bank in Concord, N. H. ;
m. Sept. 20, 1866, Emeline B. Defriez, of Nantucket,
Mass. Ch. : (1) Isabelle 8 , b. June 11, 1868 ; m. Sept. 7,
1887, W. J. M. Gates, and has daughter, Vivian Walker 9 ,
b. May 13, 1890.
THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 115
HON. GEOKGE 6 SAVARY ( Thomas?, John*, Thomatf, William 2 ,
Robert 1 ), was born Jan. 30, 1793 ; and married Louisa, daugh-
ter of Benjamin Balch. He was in the sixth generation from
John Balch, who it is supposed came to America with Gorges
in 1623, through Benjamin 2 , Freeborn 3 , William 4 , William 5 .
(See " Boston Historical and Genealogical Register," Vol. IX.,
p. 233.) Like the Saverys, the Balches were clearly an English
family of ancient Norman extraction, but dating in England
further back, for the name is in the illustrious " Roll of Battle
Abbey," the list of the principal chiefs and knights who
fought for William at Hastings, deposited by him in the Abbey
which he built on the field of his immortal victory. In business
Mr. Savary was engaged in the manufacture of boots and shoes,
on a very extended scale. After filling many minor positions,
he was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representa-
tives four terms, from Bradford East Parish, and thence was
elected to the State Senate in 1843, and was the candidate of
his party for the office of lieutenant-governor. The following
obituary is from a contemporary paper :
" The death of Mr. Savary will be felt as a public loss.
Though not a great talker, he was a man of marked ability,
possessed an influence of very considerable extent, and had
mingled quite largely in public affairs. He had been several
times State senator, and was supported by the Democratic
party, to which he had always adhered, as its candidate for
Presidential elector, for lieutenant-governor, etc. At home,
in the midst of his family and his neighbors, the life of Mr.
Savary was very beautiful. He was never known to exhibit
any asperity ; was always kind, considerate, and ready to help,
and few men have ever been more endeared to those with whom
they came in daily contact. Injury and insult he put aside in a
quiet and unmoved way quite peculiar to himself, and, if
allowed to, soon suffered the matter to fall from his mind. It
is the unanimous testimony of those who knew him best that
THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
they have never seen his equal in this respect. In times of
pecuniary distress he made it a point to give employment to
poor and suffering persons; and in respect to all his more
immediate relations, it is not eulogy but simple statement of
fact to say that he may be proposed as a model. Of late he
has taken great interest in the Independent Church in Grove-
land ; and he is remembered with especial gratitude and affec-
tion by the members of the society."
Also the following : u In the sudden death of this active and
enterprising citizen, not only his family, but our town and the
whole community have suffered an irreparable loss. A feeling
of sadness, not confined to any sect or party, has pervaded the
town from the moment it was known that he was seriously
ill. Every person in active life in this community for nearly
forty years has known and appreciated the business talents, the
open-hearted liberality, and the social qualities of GEORGE
SAVARY, and his demise has left a void in society which it will
take long years to fill. In all the relations 1 of life and business
he was always the able and efficient friend, or the fair and hon-
orable opponent." And the following: "As a politician he
was a firm and consistent Democrat, freely allowing to all an
honest difference of opinion." The church of which he was a
meml>er adopted, on the occasion of his death, resolutions of
more than ordinary feeling and power. He died March 28,
1854, and his widow, June 1, 1887, aged 84 years 11 months.
Of her a contemporary paper said: " During his [Rev. David
Wasson's] ministry in Groveland, he gave a great impetus to
progressive thought, and Mr. Savary and his wife were among
his loyal supporters. Her heart was large, her hospitality
abounding. The doors of her home were not more widely opei
than was her heart to invite to the comfort and cheer of he
roof-tree. Beauty of presence and a remarkable amiability o
spirit made her at once the centre of attraction. These quali
tu-s. united with strong and earnest convictions, and youthfu
spirit, iMvs.-rvcd her from the common infirmities of age, and tci
THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 117
the very last made her the bright particular star of her house-
hold." From another obituary notice : " Mrs. Savary was in
many respects a remarkable woman. Exceedingly easy and
affable in her manner, she was an ornament to society. She
had a happy disposition, took a cheerful view of life, and in a
remarkable degree looked on the bright side. She kept up her
interest in all that was taking place about her. She enjoyed
the society of young people, and entered into their pleasures
with a sympathy which made her a delightful companion. She
bore her years as a light weight, and her erect form and
fair face gave little indication that more than fourscore
summers had passed over her head. To the very last
day of her life her mental powers were undimmed. To
her children and friends she has been a great comfort and
joy to her very last day. Her long life-work has been well done,
and now she is gathered like a sheaf of corn fully ripe. Her
death was like the going down of the sun in a clear sky.
Though her children will mourn with deep grief her going home,
yet they must feel comforted that she had been spared so long,
and her life so full of peace and happiness. Through the coin-
ing years the memory of her will be to her children as strains of
remembered music, always bringing much of joy and comfort."
I. Martha Wingate 7 , b. May 10, 1823 ; m. Eldred S. Parker.
35 II. George Thomas, b. July 28, 1826.
III. Frank, b. Sept. 5, 1829. FRANK ? SAVARY m. June 14, 1861,
Esther A. Barnard, of Worcester. Ch. : (1) Caroline A. 8 , b.
Jan. 24, 1864; in 1891-2 a pupil of the artist Jacob Wagner,
in Boston; Nov., 1893, in Paris as an art student. (2)
Martha P., b. Nov. 4, 1865; resides in Worcester, Mass.
IV. Clara Louisa, b. July 9, 1831 ; d. Dec. 21, 1831.
V. Mary Rollins, b. April 15, 1833 ; d. Dec. 21, 1833.
36 VI. William Henry, b. April 18, 1835.
VII. Lucy A., b. July 8, 1836 ; d. infant.
VIII. Clara Louisa, b. Dec. 24, 1837; unm.
IX. Benjamin Balch, b. April 17, 1840. BENJAMIN B. 7 SAVARY m.
Oct. 30, 1873, Abby Dorr, of Medford. Ch. : (1) Nellie
Louise 8 , b. Dec. 27, 1880 ; resides in Medford, Mass.
THE S A VERY FAMILIES.
JOSEPH 6 SAVAKY (Thomas*, John*, Thomas 3 , William 2 , Rob-
ert 1 ), was born April 28, 1797 ; married (intentions published
Sept. 30, 1820) Jane F., daughter of Dudley Griffin, of
Gloucester; died Nov. 3, 1858, "a gentleman whose high
standard of moral integrity and pleasing social deportment
secured the esteem of a large circle of friends."
37 I. Charles Griffin 7 , b. Nov. 27, 1821.
38 II. John Haraden, b. May 22, 1825.
39 III. Joseph Augustus, b. Nov. 22, 1829.
IV. Eben Rollins, b. Nov. 22, 1832; unm.
40 V. Henry Solon, b. Nov. 1, 1838.
CHARLES PUTNAM G SAVARY (Thomas 5 , William 4 , Thomas 3 ,
William*, Robert 1 ), was born May 20, 1828 ; and married Oct.
25, 1849, Sarah H. Balch.
I. William Perley 8 , b. April 10, 1852; m. Aug. 3, 1879, Alice M.
II. Elizabeth B., b. May 27, 1859 ; d. April 8, 1863.
III. Annie W., b. July 25, 1866.
HiRAM 7 SAVORY (John 6 , Samuel 5 , Chase*, Robert, William 2 ,
Robert 1 ), married Belinda Ryan.
I. Mary 8 , d. young.
II. Daniel, living at Waltham, Mass.
MOSES 7 SAVORY (John 6 , Samuel 5 , Chase 4 , Robert 3 , William 2 ,
Robert 1 ), married Almira Brown, of Sutton, N. H.
THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 119
I. Charles 8 , d. young.
II. Verona, b. March, 1845.
III. Everett C., b. June 3, 1847. EVERETT C. 8 SAVORY m. 1st,
Dec. 29, 1867, Susie M. Matthews; 2d, Nov. 26, 1885, Vir-
ginia Payne ; no children ; resides at Chattanooga, Tenn.
JOHN 7 SAVORY (John*, Samuel*, Chase 4 , Robert, William?,
Robert 1 ), married Nancy J. Manning.
I. Luella 8 , m. John Clement.
II. Warren, m. Nellie Page.
III. Fred, m. Emma Dow.
V. Harland. The last two in 1887 living with their father in
CYRUS PETTEE 7 SAVORY (Daniel*, Samuel 5 , Chase*, Robert,
William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born July 24, 1824 ; married June 6,
1850, Helen Solena Harriman, a sister of Brig. -Gen. Walter
Harriman, who, after service in the great Civil War, became
governor of New Hampshire.
I. Frank D. 8 , d. young.
II. Josephine Augusta, b. June 1, 1852 ; m. Frank L. Lamb. Ch. :
(1) Fred W. 9 , b. 1875 ; (2) Silvia, b. 1882 ; (3) Walter, b. 1886.
41 III. George Washington, b. March 29, 1856.
42 IV. Walter Harriman, b. June 15, 1866.
LuCY 7 SAVORY (Daniel*, Samuel 5 , Chase 4 , Robert?, William 2 ,
Robert 1 ), born Jan. 24, 1830 ; married Sept. 22, 1850, William
Besides two who died young.
I. Albert 8 , b. Aug. 11, 1851 ; m. Susie Russell. Ch. : (1) Ida
II. Jerome, b. Sept. 12, 1854; m. Liza J. Dunbar.
III. Scott, b. Xov. 17, 1856; unm.
IV. Guy, b. Feb. 28, 1860; m. Nellie, Martin.
120 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
COL. JONATHAN 7 SAVORY (Thomas*, Jonathan*, Chase*,
Robert, William 2 , Robert 1 ), of Londonderry, N. H., was born
May 7, 1812; and married March 20, 1836, Abigail S. Coffin;
died Feb. 2, 1881. The following obituary notice is from a
contemporary paper : " Col. Jonathan Savory was a native of
Londonderry, and a man well known in that part of the State.
He has represented the town in the Legislature, and was for
several years on the board of selectmen, and often a school
committee man. For mai^ years he taught school in the town.
He was a farmer, and did much to promote that industry. He
was recognized by all as a man of high character and ability.
He was formerly a colonel of militia, and was a person of fine
physique and marked presence in any assembly where he ap-
peared. He leaves a widow with no children. He had accu-
mulated a large property by his industry and excellent judg-
CAROLINE 7 SAVORY (Thomas*, Jonathan*, Chase*, Robert,
William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born March 14, 1821 ; married May 7,
1846, Benjamin McAllister.
I. Thomas Savory 8 , b. July 10, 1847; d. May 3, 1880. He gradu-
ated M. D. at Bowdoin College in 1872, and was a success-
ful physician at Amesbury, Mass.
II. George, b. Aug. 4, 1850.
III. Charles, b. Nov. 10, 1852.
BENJAMIN 7 SAVORY (Benjamin*, Benjamin*, Chase*, Robert*,
William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born Aug. 23, 1832 ; married Oct. 29,
1857, Hannah B. Peele ; died Aug. 16, 1862.
I. Nathaniel 8 , b. Aug. 31, 1858; m. Ella L. Watson, Aug. 7, 1880.
Ch. : (1) Benjamin T.
THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 121
II. Henry P., b. May 15, 1860. HENRY P. 8 SAVORY m. Feb.
5, 1885, Adelle L. Houston, of Newton Highlands, Mass.
Ch. : (1) Robert Henry 9 , b. March 26, 1886; (2) Helen
Louisa, b. March 23, 1889.
III. Benjamin T., d. at age of seven months.
GEORGE THOMAS? SAVARY ( G-eorge*, Thomas 5 , John*, Thomas*,
William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born July 28, 1826 ; and married, 1st,
Feb. 9, 1851, Margaret C. Tappan ; 2d, May 18, 1861, Jennie
Goodale ; deceased.
By first wife :
I. Margaret 8 , b. April 3, 1860; died in infancy.
By second wife :
II. Anna Louisa, b. May 10, 1863 ; unm.
III. George, b. July 7, 1865; m. May 24, 1891, Henrietta L. John-
son, of Boston. REV. GEORGE S SAVARY was ordained a deacon
of the Eeformed Episcopal Church, in Boston, in 1891; a
student in the Theological Seminary of the Reformed Epis-
copal Church, at Philadelphia in 1892-93; unanimously
called to the pastorate of Emmanuel Reformed Episcopal
Church of Newark, N. J., Feb. 25, 1893; to be ordained a
presbyter in June. 1893, at Philadelphia.
REV. WILLIAM H. 7 SAVARY (G-eorge*, Thomas 5 , John*,
Thomas 3 , William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born at Savaryville, East
Bradford, Mass., on the same land taken up by his ancestor,
Robert, seven generations back, April 18, 1835 ; graduated at
Yale College in the class of 1857 ; married Oct. 21, 1862, Anna
E., only daughter of Rev. Geo. W. Hosmer, D. D., one of the
pioneer Unitarian ministers of the United States, and among
the most distinguished for his learning, eloquence, and piety,
at one time president of Antioch College, Ohio, who died at
Mr. Savary's residence at Canton, Mass., July 5, 1881. Her
mother was Hannah, daughter of the Rev. James Kendall, D. D.,
of Plymouth, Mass. Her brother, Prof. James K. Hosmer, of
Washington University, Mo., has won- abiding fame in the field
122 THE SAVEKY FAMILIES.
of letters. Mr. Savary gathered and organized in 1865 the
First Unitarian Church of Ellsworth, Me., and has been the
respected and popular pastor of churches at Ellsworth, Me.,
and Canton, Mass., and now (1891) of Unity Church, South
Boston; an able preacher and lecturer and organizer of
Christian missionary work.
I. Edward Hosmer 8 , b. July 22, 1861, in Buffalo, N. Y. EDWARD
HOSMER SAVARY graduated at Boston Latin School, 1884;
graduated at Harvard University in the class of 1888 ; law
student at Harvard, 1888-90; admitted to Boston, Suffolk
County, Bar in December, 1890. Is practising law in Boston.
II. Sara Kendall, b. July 21, 1867, at Ellsworth, Me.; graduated
Canton, Mass., High School, 1885; Chauncy Hall School,
Boston, 1889. Kindergarten teacher.
CHARLES GRIFFIN T SAVARY (Joseph*, Thomas*, John*,
Thomas?, William 2 , Robert 1 ), was born Nov. 27, 1821 ; married
Nov. 30, 1841, Martha E. Griffith, of East Bradford; a prom-
inent citizen of Groveland. In 1862 he was appointed United
States assistant internal revenue collector, which he held until
the autumn of 1880, when he resigned it on account of ill
health, and died of apoplexy, March 20, 1881.
I. Edward 8 , b. Feb. 20, 1843 ; m. Feb. 18, 1868 ; d. in California.
IF. Martha J., b. Aug. 21, 1844; m. Aaron Parker, of Groveland.
III. Warren, b. Oct. 16, 1849; d. Oct. 2, 1851.
JOHN HARADEN : SAVARY (Joseph*, Thomas*, John*, Thomas?,
William?, Robert 1 ), was born May 22, 1825 ; married Dec. 27,
1854, Maria A. Tyler, of Groveland; deceased.
I. George 8 , b. March 7, 1855; d. Sept. 21, 1855.
II. Harry, b. Dec. 12, 1856; unm.
THE ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY. 123
JOSEPH AUGUSTUS 7 SAVARY (Joseph*, Thomas?, John\
Thomas 3 , William?, Robert), was born Nov. 22, 1829 ; and mar-
ried Nov. 29, 1855, Caroline D. Jamieson; died Sept. 11, 1877,
in the same house in which he was born, at Savaryville, Grove-
land, the mansion house of the family for generations. HON.
GEORGE S A VARY built the mansion house nearly opposite on
ancestral land in 1823-24. Obituary notice : " Mr. Savary was
widely known, was a genial, large-hearted man and beautiful
singer. He was formerly leader of Savary's Harmonics, com-
posed of Henry S., E. Rollins, J. Augustus Savary, and William
A. Renton. The popularity of the quartet was unbounded.
They sang everywhere in this section, and were everywhere
greeted by enthusiastic audiences. Their voices blended in
perfect harmony, and their efforts delighted everybody. Their
programmes always included some of < y e ancient ' music, which
was magnificently rendered, the effect being enhanced by the
old-fashioned costumes they wore."
I. EldredP. 8 , b. Aug. 10, 1856; m. in Haverhill, Mass.
II. Willard A., b. July 23, 1857 ; d. Aug. 4, 1878.
III. Mary S., b. July 25,1857 ; m. Xov. 29, 1882, Arthur E. Abbott.
IV. Carrie, b. March 28, 1861 ; d. in infancy.
V. Sarah J., b. May 1, 1864; m. Dec. 31, 1881, J. Everett Wood.
HENRY SOLON 7 SAVARY (Joseph*, Thomas 5 , John 4 , Thomas 3 ,
William?, Robert 1 ), was born Nov. 1, 1838 ; married, 1st, Mary
Jane Colby, October, 1861, died Oct. 10,1871; 2d, Sept.
27, 1873, Olive A. Beane.
By first wife :
I. Kebecca 8 , b. Jan. 12, 1863 ; d. Oct. 11, 1864.
II. Ruth E., b. July 5, 1867.
By second wife :
III. Jennie Marion, b. May 8, 1875.
124 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
REV. GEORGE W. 8 SAVORY (Cyrus P. 1 , Daniel*, Samuel 5 ,
Chase*, Robert 3 , William 2 , Robert 1 ), born March 29, 1856 ; edu-
cated at Phillips Exeter Academy, Kendall Union Academy,
Meriden, N. H., and Hartford Theological School; married
March 24, 1884, Ida, daughter of Nathan P. Gilmore, adopted
daughter of one of his mother's brothers ; ordained Congrega-
tional (Trinitarian) minister, April 19, 1885, and has been pas-
tor of churches at Warner, Enfield, andStratham. Removing
to Los Angeles, Cal., in 1888, he afterwards embraced the doc-
trines taught by Emmanuel Swedenborg, and now ministers
to a congregation of that faith; an eloquent preacher and
I. Gustiue Harriman 9 , b. Feb. 13, 1885.
II. Soleiia, b. Feb. 20, 1887.
WALTER HARRIMAN SAVORY ( Cyrus P. 1 , Daniel*, Samuel*,
Chase*, Robert?, William*, Robert 1 ), was born June 15, 1866 ;
and married Sept. 1, 1886, Minnie A. Duffie. Was city editor
of the Meriden, Conn., Daily Republican, and in 1891 editor of
the Staten Islander, and vice-president of the Staten Island (New
York) Press Club.
I. Ethel Minnie 9 , b. June 30, 1887.
THE NEW HAMPSHIRE FAMILY.
THE NEW HAMPSHIRE FAMILY.
RICHARD SAVORY, OF PORTSMOUTH, AND HIS DESCENDANTS,
Early genealogical investigators in America used to be every-
where met by the tradition that the family inquired after sprang
from " three brothers," who had come over together, until the
phrase, rarely, if ever, verified, became a byword and jest.
Just as common was the positive assertion and belief that it
was the great-grandfather who came. Oral traditions of any
reliability very seldom indeed, if they do ever, extend back
beyond one's grandfather. In many a case a man of fair intel-
ligence, in sending me his family record, after giving a clear
account of his father's, and one perhaps a little misty of his
grandfather's family, has added with the utmost assurance,
" my great-grandfather came from England," which I have read
while I had before me a record proving the birth of that great-
grandfather's grandfather, and perhaps a still remoter ancestor,
in New England. Similarly all trace of the county or parish
from which the immigrant ancestor came faded out of the mem-
ory and knowledge of his posterity after the second generation.
But in this instance a careful inquiry, involving much corre-
spondence, convinces me that the tradition among the elders of
the present generation, that the great-grandfather was the
immigrant, is sound; and that while no three brothers of our
name came together to America, there were three distinct migra-
tions from the same parent family, the branch which I now
deal with coming to New Hampshire a little before the middle of
the last century. If there really is -anything in physical type
126 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
and facial expression to indicate relationship, it certainly exists
in the characteristics common to the three New England fami-
lies of the name, especially common to those who derive from
Essex County and New Hampshire, there being branches of the
Plymouth family which present marked exceptions.* I found
a faint tradition that the name "of the great-grandfather
and supposed immigrant was Robert, and I have found one of
that name who fills the necessary conditions. Robert Savory,
place of birth and death unknown, married at Portsmouth,
N. H., April 17, 1748, Mary Pitman, but no further trace of
him appears. I have no doubt there must be further records of
him somewhere, but we cannot conjecture where to look for
them. He was very likely the father of RICHARD, and perhaps
RICHARD 2 SAVORY (Robert 1 ?), date of birth unknown. At
Portsmouth, March, 1799, by Rev. Samuel Haven, D. D., he
married Abigail Hodgden, in the record described as of Roches-
ter, N. H., but her descendants say of Farmington, whither he
soon removed with most of his children, for this was a second
marriage. One tradition gives his first wife's name as Barker,
but another, apparently more reliable, names her Emily Mil-
ler, and says further that she was born at Gravely Ridge,
Portsmouth, and that her father once owned a " handsome
estate" in England, which, descending to the eldest son,
passed out of the family. The dates of his birth, first mar-
riage, and death have eluded all my researches.
* See note to page 15. In consequence of this resemblance, I long cherished the idea
elng able to trace Dr. Charles A. Savory's descent from the Old Colony rather than
c branch. He and the Rev. W. H. Savaryand myself met together about 1881,
I Lowell Island, in Salem Harbor, each a member of one of the three " learned profes-
ma," not .abundantly represented in the family, and each, as it turns out, descended
rent immigrant ancestor. I remember the Doctor, who was a man of com-
stature, Jocosely remarking as we went in to dinner, We Savorys have the
ilsfaction of being able to put our hats where nobody else can reach them."
THE NEW HAMPSHIRE FAMILY. 127
By first wife :
2 I. Mary Roberts 3 .
3 II. Richard; b. about 1781.
4 III. Robert.
IV. William, lived in Hopkinton, N. H.
5 V. Charles.
6 VI. Thomas Collins; b. about 1790.
VII. Ann, d. unm. at Charlestown.
By second wife :
IX. Betsey, m. Goodwin, of Rollinsford, N. H., and had seven
children, of whom three were living in 1885.
X. Henry, no children.
XI. George P., m., and had eight children, of whom Charles F. 3
Savory, living at Amesbury, Mass., is one; died November,
1882 ; his wife in August, 1879.
XII. Nathaniel, became deranged, andd. unm.
XIII. Lydia, d. young.
XIV. Amy, d. young.
MARY ROBERTS 3 SAVORY (Richard 1 , probably Robert 1 ), married
Robert Mendum, or Mendom, of Portsmouth, N. H. A modern
branch of the family spell the name Mendon, which I suspect
was really the original name.
Besides, perhaps, others.
I. Mary Roberts 4 , who m. September, 1831, William Hamilton
Walker; lived at Leicester, N. H., and d. Dec. 21, 1889.
She had ch. : (1) Col. Sumuel 5 Walker, who d. in Denver,
Col., from the effect of a bullet lodged in his body at the
battle of Fredericksburg, years before. (2) Mary Lavinia,
who m. John Francis Annable. (3) Charlotte Theresa,
living at Leicester.
NOTE. The following is from Salem Register of Jan. 12, 1882 :
GOLDEN WEDDINGS. We alluded a few days ago to the golden wed-
ding of Mr. and Mrs. John Amiable, of Beverly, and to the fact that their
son, Mr. John F. Annable, formerly of Beverly, but now a prominent
dealer in coffee at Boston, had a short time before been present at the
golden wedding of the parents of his wife. Mr. John Annable was a native
128 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
of Manchester, and fifty years ago married Miss Hannah Hill Savory, of
Salem, the daughter of Robert Savory, of the firm of Robert & Richard
Savory, coopers, well known in Salem seventy years ago. Mr. John F.
Amiable married Miss MaryL. Walker, the daughter of Mr. William H.
Walker, formerly of Portsmouth, N. H., but now of Leicester, Mass.,
whose wife was Miss Mary Roberts Mendum, and they celebrated the
fiftieth anniversary of their marriage last September. The mother of
Miss Mary R. Mendum (now Mrs. Wm. H. Walker) was the daughter of
Mrs. Mary Savory Mendum, who was the sister of Mr. Robert Savory, the
maternal grandfather of Mr. John F. Annable. It thus appears that both
Mr. and Mrs. John F. Annable can trace their ancestry direct to the same
honored Salem family, although neither was aware of the relationship until
quite recently. It is a striking fact that each should have had the good for-
tune to witness the golden wedding of the parents of both, the notable
events occurring within a few weeks of each other.
RiCHARD 3 SAVORY (Richard 2 , probably Robert 1 ), was born at
Portsmouth or Seabrook, about 1781, and after his father's
second marriage, and while ,both were yet young, went with his
brother Robert to Salem, where they learned and engaged in
the business of coopers, in which for many years they were
somewhat renowned, Richard at one time running three facto-
ries, and acquiring considerable estate; he married at Salem,
Sept. 11, 1803, Betsey Lewis; was one of the founders of the
Universalist Church at Salem; died Feb. 12, 1841, and his
widow Sept. 2, 1861, aged 75 years 9 months.
I. Emily Lewis', b. 1804; m. Jan. 7, 1830, Phineas B. Weston;
and d. Aug. 3, 1874. Ch. : (1) Emily 5 ; (2) Alice.
II. Mary, b. 1806 ; m. Jan. 24, 1828, Joseph Hardy Millet, of Salem.
III. Augustus, b. 1808; m. June 14, 1829, Eliza Varney ; d. Feb. 27,
1838. Ch. : George A. 5 , living in Minneapolis.
1 IV. George, b. 1810.
V. Elizabeth L., b. 1813; m. Oct. 16, 1843, Benj. Webb; d. Nov. 1,
1860. Xo children.
VI. Caroline, b. 1816; m. June 21, 1846, John J. Scobie; d. Dec. 11,
1849. No children living.
VII. Sarah Ann, b. 1818; m. Oct. 8, 1839, Charles A. Smith, of Bos
ton; d. Oct. 28, 1864. Ch. : Arabella T. 5
THE NEW HAMPSHIRE FAMILY. 129
VIII. Harriet Ellen, b. 1820; m. Nov. 10, 1840, Henry P. Upton; d.
Aug. 29, 1877. Oh. living: (1) Elizabeth Lewis 5 ; (2)
IX. Richard F., b. 1823; m. Sept. 30, 1847, Elizabeth M. Lopez;
d. at sea, Sept. 12, 1851. Ch. : E. W. 5 , m. to Joseph McKay ;
lives in St. Paul, Minn.
X. Theresa Maria, b. 1825 ; m. Oct. 17, 1847, Daniel R. Bowker.
Ch.: (1) Richard Rogers 5 ; (2) Carrie F.
XI. William Thomas, b. 1827 ; m. Laura, daughter of Robert De-
land and Mary Welcome. Ch. : Laura Lewis 5 .
ROBERT 3 SAVORY (Richard' 1 , probably Robert 1 ), married at
Beverly, by Rev. Mr. Abbott, Nov. 30, 1808, Jane Hill, daugh-
ter of James and Elizabeth Hill, natives of Ireland. She was
born at Beverly, Nov. 16, 1786 ; d. Feb. 23, 1840. He removed
to Beverly and died there, at what date I do not know.
Born at Beverly.
I. James 4 , d. unm.
II. Isabella, d. unm.
III. Hannah Hill, m. 1832, John Annable ; living at Beverly.
CHARLES 3 SAVORY (Richard?, probably Robert 1 ), date of birth
unknown. He married Nancy Vickery, and died young, in Bos-
ton. His widow, although in delicate physical health, supported
herself, by her energy and decision of character, respectably
to the time of her decease. She died of consumption.
I. Jane 4 .
8 II. Charles August, b. Dec. 25, 1813.
THOMAS COLLINS S SAVORY (Richard?, probably Robert 1 ), mar-
ried Nancy Smith ; died March 11, 1825. His widow married
Shadrach Dixon, and had four children ; died Aug. 4, 1843.
9 I. Thomas Collins 4 , b. June 11, 1818.
10 II. Richard, b. Sept. 2, 1819; .d. about 1869.
III. William Henry, b. June 5, 1821 ; in. Oct. 16, 1849, Catherine
Amelia Lucas, of Plymouth. Ch. : (1) William H. 6 , b. May
12, 1852 ; lives at Chelsea, Mass.
IV. Benjamin, b. April 11, 1823 ; d. Oct. 18, 1825.
130 THE SAVEKY FAMILIES.
GEORGE 4 SAVORY (Richard*, Richard?, probably Robert 1 }, was
born in 1810; m. Dec. 12, 1839, Mary Allen Wellman ; was
president of the New York and La Plata Steampship Company,
and of the People's Gas Light Company, of Albany ; died Jan.
I. Augustus T. ft
II. George A.
DR. CHARLES AUGUST 4 S AVOTCY ( Charted, Richard?, probably
Robert 1 }, was born Dec. 25, 1813 ; was a young child when his
father died and was taken by his uncle Richard to Hopkinton,
N. II., and there placed with Mr. John Kimball, with whom he
remained several years, and prepared himself for the avocation
of a teacher ; was postmaster and inspector of schools of Hop-
kinton. He graduated at Dartmouth Medical School in 1835,
receiving the honorary degree of A. M. from Dartmouth Col-
lege in 1852, was appointed Professor of Midwifery in Philadel-
phia College of Medicine, but soon afterwards resigned, and
entered on a general practice, and was for many years one of
the leading and most respected and able practitioners in Low-
ell, Mass., both in medicine and surgery, making a specialty
of diseases of the eye. His reputation was not merely local,
but he was well known as a leading member of his profes-
sion throughout the State. He was a constant student, four
times journeying to Europe to add to his stock of knowl-
edge. He was one of the [first in Massachusetts to recognize
the importance of antiseptics in surgery, and kept himself
abreast of modern scientific thoughts and discovery in the
practice of his profession. " Dr. Savory was a fine representative
of the old-school family physician, a man whose very presence
in the sick-room was a help and stimulant to the patient, Of
THE NEW HAMPSHIRE FAMILY. 131
a kindly nature, self-reliant and careful, he was peculiarly fitted
by nature for the great profession he adopted and in which he
attained such marked success. He will be missed and mourned
by many, but by none more than the many families in which he
was the helper and consoler in times of trouble and illness.
A devout churchman, the singular circumstance will not escape
notice that his birth and death were upon days that are promi-
nent in the Protestant Episcopal Church calendar Christmas
Day and Candlemas Day." He married Ma} T 9, 1838, Mary
Stark, daughter of Dr. James Stark, and descendant of a dis-
tinguished officer in the Revolution. He died Feb. 2, 1892,
leaving one child, the wife of Solon W. Stevens, Esq.
THOMAS CoLLixs 4 SAVORY (Thomas Collins*, Richard' 1 ,
probably Robert 1 ), was born in Boston, June 11, 1818, and at the
death of his father in 1825, became a member of the family of his
uncle Richard ; married Miss Berkely, whose parents came to
America from Antrim, Ireland. Her mother's maiden name
was Johnston, connected with the Johnstons of Belfast. De-
veloping a natural taste for art, he declined to embrace the
business of his uncles, and removed to Boston, where he has
long been well known as a banner and ornamental painter.
I. Thomas C. 5 , b. Jan. 25, 1840; d. Oct. 31, 1879.
II. Anne L., b. Dec. 28, 1842 ; m. Byron W. Nichols, of New
Haven, Conn., who d. in 1884. Oh. : (1) Byron W. 6 , b. 1873 ;
(2) Mary Christine, b. 1876.
III. Christine W., b. Aug. 17, 1843.
IV. Eugene F., b. March 16, 1848 ; d. June 28, 1862.
V. Ida Berkeley, b. Dec. 23, 1850 ; a lady of great histrionic talent,
and other accomplishments, natural and acquired ; married
Dr. L. Hopkins Keep, of Brooklyn, N. Y.
VI. Walter Scott; b. Sept. 26, 1853. WALTER ScoxT 5 SAVORY fol-
lows the profession of a decorative painter; m. Aug. 2,
1880, May Maud Gove, of Troy, X. H. Ch. : (1) Norma
Berkely 6 , b. Sept. 20, 1881; d. Sept. 3, 1890. (2) Thomas
Charles, b. May 12, 1883.
VII. Joseph V., b. Jan. 8, 1856.
132 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
RiCHARD 4 SAVORY (Thomas Collins*, Richard?, probably
Robert*), was born Sept, 2, 1819; and married Aug. 26, 1843,
Cornelia C. Dnrell, of Boston; died Aug. 2, 1860.
I. George E. 5 , b. Xov. 18, 1844. GEORGE E. SAVORY m. Feb.
9, 1892, Helen E. Pease, of Nashua, 1ST. H. ; is property clerk
for the Police Department at No. 7 Pemberton Square,
II. A daughter, b. Xov. 11, 1847; d., aged four years.
III. Ella F., b. April 2, 1851 ; unm.
THE NAME IN BARBADOES. 133
THE NAME IN BARBADOES.
THE name appears early and conspicuously in Barbadoes,
where in 1674 John Savery was fined 870 pounds of sugar, " for
not sending arms to the troops." In 1678 he was fined for
" not appearing in the troop or sending men to serve in arms."
About the same time Jeremiah and Elizabeth Savery were
punished for similar disregard of requirements repugnant
to the consciences of the Friends.* In a record of masters,
mistresses, etc., in St. Andrew's Parish, Barbadoes, June 3,
1680, is " John Savery, 53 acres of land, no servants, no ne-
groes." The above is from printed books, but a reference to
the few parish and other records of the island which have sur-
vived the ravages of time, insects, and hurricanes, discloses a
numerous and highly respectable family there at a still earlier
date. All I have gleaned from these sources will be found in
Appendix A. It will there be seen that the name William, a
favorite name among the Philadelphia Saverys, appeared as
early as 1665, and continued in the family throughout; that the
name Samuel, also quite common, evidently occurred, as it did
in each of the early New England families, in the second gen-
eration ; that in 1663 and 1668, John Savery was a prominent
attorney, being in the latter year appointed returning officer for
the parish of St. Lucia's in the general election about to be
held ; and that an ANTHONY SAVORY died Jan. 24, 1682.
Whether the lawyer was identical with the John Savory,
"planter," who, Dec. 7, 1644 (only nineteen years after
the first settlement), conveyed to Henry Miller and others
land which he had "lately purchased of Lewis Evans," or
*Besse'8 " Sufferings of Quakers." 1 In 1658 many Friends fled from persecution in
Barbadoes to Jamaica, where they were kindly received by Gen. D'Oyley.
134 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
with the Friend who was fined in 1674 and 1678, or if not,
whether either and which of them was the same JOHN SAVERY
who was baptized at Hannington in 1606,1 cannot say: but
probably he was the one mentioned in the list of " masters," etc.,
of 1<)8<>, for St. Andrew's, St. Lucy's, and St. Peter's were con-
tiguous parishes in the northern part of the island. Eliza-
beth Savery, his widow, a lady of considerable property, by her
will, dated Aug. 6, 1693, leaves a bequest to the "poor among
Friends," mentions a son John, as a young man without chil-
dren, and a young grandson, John, son of a son Samuel, then
in Jamaica. This grandson is probably the same who married
April 20, 1718, at St. James', Mary Stanley, the pair being de-
scribed as "both of ys parish." It was not, however, until
March. 1735, that we find John, son of John and Mary Savory,
baptized, and on May 24 of the same year, all together,
" WILLIAM, son, and Elizabeth, Margaret, Polly, and Susanna,
daughters of John and Mary Savory," Were baptized. The ages of
these children must have ranged from fifteen or sixteen years to
infancy, and William may well have been born in 1721 or 1722,
the delay in bringing them to the baptismal font of the English
Church being probably due to the doctrinal proclivities of the
male parent. Again, March 9, 1739-40, Thomas and John, sons
of John and Mary, were baptized, showing that the first John
had died young. Thus, William may, as he grew to maturity,
have returned to the religious faith and ordinances to which some
of his ancestors and doubtless many of his collateral relatives
were attached, and removed to Philadelphia and allied himself
to his co-religionists there without taking with him any certifi-
cate of regular membership among Friends. If so, he and his
descendants are the subjects of the next two articles ; but I only
advance this as a plausible conjecture. The registers of only
three out of the eleven parishes into which the island was
divided have escaped extinction, and the records of the Society
of Friends, who were a numerous body in Barbadoes, I have
been unable to find after exhaustive inquiries, generously
THE NAME IN BAKBADOES. 135
assisted by several correspondents. The Societies were found
almost disorganized when James Cresson a minister of Phila-
delphia, made them a religious visit in 1784, and no trace of
their records can be found among the valuable archives pre-
served by the English Society at Devonshire House, London,
where I have searched as a last resource. They are no doubt
irretrievably lost. The name Anthony, so common in the
Wiltshire and Old Colony family, but not found among the
Saverys of Devonshire, in which county the surname abounds,
seems to me very indicative of a cognate origin for the planters
in Massachusetts and Barbadoes. For Anthony, a peculiarly
honored Roman Catholic name, being that of the founder of
monasticism, was very rare indeed at that day among Protes-
tants, especially Puritans, and was soon dropped alike by the
Puritans of New England and the Quakers of Barbadoes. A
familiar and common Christian name frequent in two families
would prove nothing, but a rare and unusual one would
strongly suggest kinship. The first families who migrated to
Barbadoes were " chiefly from Kent, and the southern and west-
ern counties," * which, of course, includes Wiltshire.
* Schomburgh's " History of Barbadoes."
136 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY,
WILLIAM SAVERY, SR.
THE first mention of the name on the records of the Society
of Friends, in Philadelphia, or any record of the city, is the
marriage of William Savery, April 19, 1746, to Mary, daughter of
Reese Peters. In the record of his death, May 27, 1787, his
age is given as 65. Therefore he must have been born between
May 27, 1721, and May 27, 1722. His wife was born 1722,
and died July 27, 1804. I have been unable to fix with
certainty his birthplace, or to trace the relationship (if
any) between him and the other branches of the American
family. There is nothing to show that he was not de-
scended (perhaps through New Jersey) from one of the miss-
ing sons of Thomas the Pilgrim, whom I cannot trace after
their birth at Plymouth. The Friends in Barbadoes, as we
have seen, were sorely vexed, and early in the last century
many of them sought a more congenial home in the City of
Peace and "brotherly love." At the outset of my investiga-
tions as to the origin of the Philadelphia family, I found among
its living members a tradition, not very much trusted, that
their male ancestor's name was Solomon, who, with his son
William, came to that city from one of the" West India
Islands, in company with Solomon Cresson, one of their
ancestors in a maternal line, but no record exists to prove
the fact, while the names of most of the arrivals from
Barbadoes at that time are preserved and known. Still,
the frequency of the name in Barbadoes, and especially its
connection with the Friends, gives &prima facie color of prob-
THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY. 137
ability to this tradition of his origin, although there may
have been confusion as to his Christian name and other
details. His son, the eminent minister, in the journal of
his religious visit to England, first speaks, under date
Sept. 4, 1796, of "Joseph Savory, of London," who was evi-
dently a prominent and active, and apparently a wealthy mem-
ber of the English Society. This Joseph was an ancestor of
the late Lord Mayor of London, and in the London Directory of
1801 is mentioned as cutler and silversmith at 10 the Poultry,
perhaps the pioneer in the grand firm or succession of firms
who have carried on the business of silversmiths, goldsmiths,
and bullion dealers at Cornhill to this day. He was son of
Moses and Hester Savory, born at Wands worth, Surrey, May 8,
1745, his father being described as "of Wandsworth, fisherman,"
and probably being the same Moses who was son of Thomas
and Mary Savory, born at Wandsworth, May 28, 1712.
Joseph Savory married July 31, 1776, Anna, daughter of
Joseph and Judith Bellamy, "late of Framingham, Suffolk,"
and had a daughter Hester, born May 31, 1777, the subject
of Charles Lamb's poem, and a daughter Anna, born Oct.
16, 1788. The minister, in connection with his crossing
to Ireland, April, 1798, speaks of being accompanied by
A. Savory, and of his "cousin," A. Savory, landing with
him at Holyhead on his return. A letter to his wife at
this time proves that the "A." meant Anna Savory, from
whom he conveys to his wife a kindly greeting, as he does in
another letter a similar message from Joseph and Hester Savory,
the latter perhaps the mother of Joseph. But as to whether
Anna was the wife or daughter, we can merely conjecture that
the latter, being then only twenty years of age, would be less
likely to go with him to Ireland than the matron of mature
years. In her journal, date Oct. 6, 1780, Elizabeth Fry (then
Gurney) speaks with concern of her sister Catherine wishing
her to discontinue her correspondence with Anna Savory, and
her own inclination to comply with the advice. The younger
THE S AVERT FAMILIES.
Anna would be a little older than she, and was probably the
correspondent alluded to, and it may have been the daughter,
and not the wife of Joseph, who, inspired early with religious
zeal, was the companion of the minister on this visit. Which-
ever it was, the fact of his calling her his cousin impressed me
with the idea that she must have been a descendant of an uncle
or great-uncle of his own, but nothing appears in the records
of the Society to prove it. I had difficulty in getting over the
notion that one so precise and staid as the minister, or any
typical member of his religious fraternity in that day, would
apply the term u cousin" * to another unless he knew of some such
relationship by blood or marriage. But in his frequent refer-
ences to the husband or father he never gives him any other
title than that of his " friend," or " beloved friend " ; and Dr.
William Savery, his grand-nephew, whose opinion in such
a matter is entitled to more weight than mine, thinks she must
have been merely " one of a number of that name who lived in
London at the time, and who seem to have united in acts of
kindness and attention to him, either on account of a known or
supposed relationship, or from sympathy with his gospel labors,
or both," an opinion which is confirmed by the fact that there
is nowhere in his journal or correspondence (at least such por-
tions as have come down to us) any reference to a visit to his
father's early home in England, or to any relatives whom he
met there, some of whom he would surely speak of as such.
Dr. Savery is inclined also to the belief that the first William
was an Englishman, coming to Philadelphia probably direct
from London, without bringing with him any credentials or
" certificate of membership " among Friends, which he is informed
was not uncommon in the early history of the Society, and may
have been repeated at as late a time as his arrival. But Mr. Isaac
Sharpe, the able and courteous secretary of the present London
Society at Devonshire House, and custodian of all the English
* Who knows but that this was a printer's error, for " compn.," companion ; a common
sort of abbreviation In those days? The MS. is supposed to be no longer in existence.
THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY. 139
records of the Friends preserved there, assures me that his
name does not appear anywhere on those records, and he infers
conclusively that he was born either " out of the Society or out
of the Kingdom." I have concluded, after weighing the whole
case carefully, that he was a native of Barbadoes, descended
not unlikely from the John who was fined as a Quaker in 1674
and 1678, or from some other one of those who brought to Bar-
badoes the Wiltshire, Old Colony, and Essex County names,
Anthony, William, and Samuel Savery. And the naming of
his children, Elizabeth, Thomas, and John, in the same order as
that of the brothers and sisters of the same name of the
William who was baptized in Barbadoes in 1735, seems to me
,more than a coincidence. It points strongly to the identity of that
William of Barbadoes with the William of this article. By occu-
pation, " chair-maker," he held for several years the position of
assessor in some of the central wards of the city of Philadelphia,
having been appointed thereto, Aug. 20, 1754. His certificate of
this appointment was signed by Benjamin Franklin and several
other prominent men of the city. It is now in the possession of
the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. He also served the city
as agent and collector of taxes for the guardians of the poor, etc.,
in 1767 ; and disbursed the moneys appropriated for the ex-
penses of the almshouse, as appears by his records in manu-
script, still in the family.
I. Elizabeth 2 , born May 30, 1747; d. young.
II. WILLIAM, b. July 14, 1750, the eminent minister. (See his
biography, next article.)
2 III. Thomas, b. Oct. 13, 1751.
IV. Joseph, b. Feb. 14, 1753; d. Feb. 16, 1757.
V. Mary, b. Jan. 27, 1755 ; d. Sept. 9, 1775.
VI. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 24, 1756.
VII. Joseph, b. March 18, 1759; d. Aug. 16, 1770.
VIII. John, b. Xov. 21, 1760; d. Sept. 5, 1761.
IX. Ann, b. Dec. 21, 1762.
X. Benjamin, b. Jan. 27, 1765 ; d. May 4, 1765.
XI. Rachel, twin of Benjamin; d. Aug. 29, 1766.
Besides William and Thomas, Elizabeth and Ann survived their
father, and are mentioned in their brother William's will.
140 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
THOMAS- SAVERY ( William 1 ), was born Oct. 13, 1751 ; mar-
ried Nov. 24, 1791, Rebecca Scattergood, daughter of John and
Elizabeth (Head) Scattergood, who was born July 29, 1770,
and died Aug. 25, 1855 ; was by occupation a " carpenter and
builder," an elder of Arch Street Meeting, Philadelphia, in the
Society of Friends ; was an active and useful member of the
Volunteer Fire Department, belonging to the Harmony Fire
Engine Company ; was a member of the original Anti-slavery
Society of Pennsylvania (founded by Franklin, Rush, etc.),
and much interested in the cause of the oppressed Afri-
cans, both l)oiid and free ; was also an active member of the
Humane Society of Philadelphia, for the relief and restoration
of persons apparently drowned, etc. ; was a member of the Society
for the Promotion of First-Day or Sunday Schools in Philadel-
phia, of which the eminent Bishop White was president;
was a constant and valuable working member of the Commit-
tee of Safety (appointed at a town meeting of the citizens of
Philadelphia, held Sept, 14, 1793), to take charge of the hos-
pital at Bush Hill, and attend to the needs of those suffering
from the prevailing epidemic of yellow fever, which was at
that time very widespread and fatal.
This committee rendered most efficient service during the
whole period of the epidemic, and four of its members fell
victims 'to the dread disease in the midst of their labors.
After disbanding (March 8, 1794), the surviving members were
publicly thanked for their unselfish devotion to the cause of suf-
fering humanity, at a town meeting held March 15, 1794, pre-
sided over by the governor of the State, Hon. Thomas McKean.
3 I. William 3 , b. Jan. 9, 1798.
4 II. Mary, b. Aug. 16, 1800.
5 III. Thomas, b. Sept. 19, 1802.
IV. Elizabeth, b. June 1, 1806; d. May 25, 1860.
V. Sarah, 1). 1810; d. Jan. 24, 1832.
THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY. 141
WILLIAM 3 SAVEKY ( Thomas*, William 1 ), was born Jan. 9, 1798 ;
married Dec. 11, 1828, Elizabeth H. Cresson, who was born Dec.
15, 1808, and died Dec. 20, 1851. He died Aug. 17, 1858.
6 I. Thomas 4 , b. Dec. 20, 1829.
7 II. John C., b. Dec. 5, 1830.
8 III. William, b. Oct. 20, 1832.
9 IV. Rebecca W., b. Oct. 19, 1836.
V. Elizabeth, b. July 5, 1839 ; d. 16th same month.
MARY 3 SAVERY (Thomas 1 ', William 1 ), was born Aug. 16,
1800 ; and married Feb. 12, 1822, Thomas F. Scattergood, who
was born Sept. 26, 1795, and died March 16, 1876. She died
Jan. 7, 1869.
I. Rebecca S. 4 , b. Aug. 4, 1823; d. Nov. 28, 1831.
II. Savery, b. March 12, 1827 ; d. Jan. 6, 1828.
III. Thomas S., b. April 22, 1830 ; d. Dec. 26, 1834.
IV. Sarah S., b. April 27, 1836.
10 V. Thomas F., b. March 15, 1840.
THOMAS^ SAVERY (Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born Sept.
19, 1802; married, 1st, Sept, 2, 1824, Rebecca W. Cresson, who
was born Sept. 18, 1803, and died, leaving no children, Jan. 4,
1825 ; 2d, Nov. 13, 1834, Hannah H. Webb, who was born
Nov. 19, 1810, and died Aug. 5, 1890. He died March 18, 1860.
By second wife :
11 I. Stephen W. 4 , b. Aug. 27, 1835.
12 II. Thomas H., b. May. 31, 1837.
13 III. Sarah, b. April 13, 1839.
14 IV. Edward, b. Dec. 6, 1841.
V. William H., b. April 6, 1844 ; d. July 13, 1864.
VI. Mary W., b. July 17, 1846; m. Nov. 14, 1872, Eli Sharpies, of
New Jersey; and d. Nov. 27, 1874, leaving no children.
VII. Charles, b. Jan. 6, 1849; d. March 8, 1854.
15 VIII. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 1, 1852.
142 THE SAVER Y FAMILIES.
THOMAS 4 S A VERY ( William 3 , Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born
Dec. 20, 1829 ; was a farmer living for many years in Penns-
bury Township, Chester County, Penn., leaving there about 1883
for Wiiiona, Col umbiana County, Ohio, where he died unmarried
Sept. 12, 1889. At his former home he held the station of
elder, and was also the clerk of " Kennett Monthly Meeting
of Friends" (Orthodox).
JOHN C. 4 8 A VERY (William?, Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born
Dec. 5, 1830 ; Avas a druggist and chemist, graduate of the
Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, and pursued that business
for many years. He died unmarried at Winona, Ohio, Aug. 1,
1888, whilst on a visit to his brother Thomas, who was then
ill. Neither he nor his father ever held any public office; but
both were in their day useful members of the Volunteer Fire
Department of Philadelphia.
WiLLiAM 4 SAVERY (William 3 , Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born
Oct. 20, 1832; graduated at the Philadelphia College of Phar-
macy, 1 854 ; was resident apothecary and medical registrar
at the Friends' Asylum for the Insane, 1860 ; graduated at
the University of Pennsylvania in medical class of 1861 ; resi-
dent physician in the Will's Hospital for the Eye, 1861 and
L862; resident physician and surgeon in the Pennsylvania
Hospital, Philadelphia, April, 1862, to October, 1863 ; volun-
teer surgeon in the United States Hospital at Fredericksburg,
Va.; physician to the Winnebago tribe of Indians in Ne-
braska, under appointment of President. Grant ("Peace Policy"),
.870-71; was attending physician to the Hospital of the
Good Shepherd, near Philadelphia, for several years, from
1874-80. Married Sept. 15, 1870, Rebecca Hutton, daugh-
ter of Joel W. and Ann Hutton, who was born Feb. 18, 1847.
THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY. 143
I. Albert H. 5 *b. June 27, 1871.
II. Addison H., b. Oct. 20, 1872.
III. Elizabeth H., b. Jan. 9, 1875.
IV. Anne, b. Oct. 4, 1879.
REBECCA W. 4 SAVERY (William*, Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was
born Oct. 19, 1836 ; and married Oct. 10, 1865, Addison Hut-
ton, architect, of Philadelphia, who was born Jan. 28, 1834.
I. Mary Hutton 5 , b. Sept. 11, 1869.
THOMAS F. 4 SCATTERGOOD, JR. (Mary* Saver y and Thomas
F. Scatter good, Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born March 15, 1840;
and married Oct. 13, 1869, Sarah Armitt Woodward.
I. AVilliam Savery 5 , b. Aug. 24, 1871.
II. Thomas Walter, b. June 20, 1874.
III. Herbert Armitt, b. Jan. 11, 1881.
STEPHEN W. 4 SAVERY (Thomas*, Thomas 1 , William 1 }, was
born Aug. 27,1835; and married Oct. 15, 1873, Susanna
I. Susanna 5 , b. Sept. 14, 1874; d. Sept. 25, 1874.
II. Elizabeth, b. March 27, 1876.
III. Charles W., b. Xov. 15, 1878.
IV. Hannah, b. Jan. 8, 1882.
V. Marian F., b. May 10, 1884.
VI. Walter H., b. Oct. 8, 1890.
THOMAS H. 4 SAVERY (Thomas*, Thomas*, William 1 ), was born
May 31, 1837 ; and married June 15,- 1864, Sarah Pirn, who
144 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
was born Sept, 20, 1837. Resides at Wilmington, Del., and
holds, among others, the following positions* President of the
"Harpers Ferry Paper Co.," and of the " Shenandoah Pulp Co.,"
vice-president of the "General Steamship Co." (navigating the
Orinoco River), vice-president of the "Pusey & Jones Co.,"
capital $750,000, builders of iron vessels, steam engines, etc. ; the
" Wilmington Savings Fund Society," and "City Electric Co.,"
all of which are successful institutions, and director of the
-York Haven Paper Co.," York Haven, Pa., and the "Denver
Sulphite Co.," Denver, Col.
I. William H.% b. Oct. 24, 1865.
II. Helen, b. Sept. 5,1809.
III. Thomas H., t. May 31, 1871.
IV. Florence, b. July 3, 1874; d. June 25, 1876.
V. Anne I'im, b. Nov. 30, 1876.
SARAH 4 SAVERY (Thomas 9 , Thomas' 2 , William 1 ), was born
April 13, 1839; and married Dec. 17, 1868, George B. Mellor.
I. Thomas 5 , b. Oct. 10, 1869.
II. Elizabeth, b. May 10, 1871.
III. Hannah, b. Dec. 20, 1872.
IV. George, b. Xov. 13, 1877.
EDWARD 4 SAVEKY (Thomas*, Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born
Dec. 6, 1841 ; and married Dec. 13, 1873, Hannah Hughes.
I. Charles 5 , b. Oct. 15, 1874; d. March 11, 1875.
II. Mary H., b. Dec. 5, 1875.
III. Edward W., b. March 26, 1880.
IV. Rebecca L., b. Jan. 4, 1885.
ELIZABETH 4 SAVERY ( Thomas 3 , Thomas 2 , William 1 ), was born
Nov. 1, 1852; and married Oct. 7, 1880, Thomas B. Taylor, of
West Chester, Pa.
THE PHILADELPHIA FAMILY. 145
I. Emma Harvey 5 , b. June 20, 1882.
II. Francis Richards, b. Dec. 31, 1884.
III. Sarah Savery, b. Sept. 2. 1886; d. Sept. 23, 1886.
IV. Ralph Savery, b. March 6, 1888. *
146 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
WILLIAM SAVERY was born in the city of Philadelphia in
the year 1750 ; received an education in the principles of the
Christian religion as professed by the Society of Friends, and
was placed with a Friend in the country to learn the business
of a tanner. Returning to the city at the expiration of his
apprenticeship, he for a time mingled with gay and thoughtless
companions, and led a life of ease, comfort, and pleasure, which
he afterwards pathetically described as a revolt from the paths
of purity and peace. Activity of spirits, loose discourse, and
noisy mirth were often resorted to as a means of drowning the
serious reflections that sometimes intruded themselves upon
him. Social in his disposition and genial in his habits, he was
no stranger to the tavern and other places of public diversion;
and, having a sense of humor and fondness for the ludi-
crous, he indulged a habit which in his after years he much
deplored, of relating mirth-provoking tales, strained beyond the
strict truth for the sake of embellishment and zest. He was
evidently by nature reverential, and extremely conscientious ;
penitence followed more and more on the unsanctified enjoy-
ments of such a life as he was leading, and nights of sorrow
often succeeded days of careless pleasure, and he was sometimes
favored to see in part the beauty of holiness, but fearful, if he
should turn his back upon the world, of incurring the scorn of
its votaries. After many spiritual baptisms, in response to his
ardent struggles to obtain the favor of God, at length, in 1778,
while attending a meeting after an interment " in Marion, he
experienced a deeper and more decided and abiding religious
impression than ever before. He married in that year his wife,
WILLIAM S A VERY. 147
Sarah Evans,* daughter of Pennell Evans, of Berks County, Penn-
sylvania, and settled himself in business in the city. He had
at this time been earnestly employed in bringing himself to a
better and more circumspect life, exercising extreme caution in
his daily conduct, and strict justice in his dealings with his
fellow-men. He condemned as a delusion any idea that he
might have once cherished, that he ever could by his own exer-
tions have reached " that purity which all the vessels of the
Lord's house must come to, being under the law which cannot
make the comers thereunto perfect ; not having passed under
the flaming sword, nor felt the day of the Lord to be come,
which burns as an oven." For a period "his meat was gall and'
wormwood," and his "drink was of the bitter waters of Mara";
times of "spiritual baptism" followed more frequently, until
after many prayers and tears and struggles, he was enabled to
cry aloud, " Oh, now I know that my Redeemer liveth ! " and
felt "an inexpressible sweetness in being favored with such an
evidence of the goodness and mercy of God " ; and his beloved
wife, who had shared with him in his affliction, was made a par-
taker with him in his exceeding great joy. Henceforth his
motto was, " What shall I render to the Lord for all his mer-
cies ? " In this spirit he entered on that career of tireless Chris-
tian labors and acts of beneficence and mercy, which only ter-
minated with his life, and which, with his winning eloquence,
and the loveliness of his character, have made his name a
"sweet savor" among the Society of Friends to this day.
In the year 1779 he accompanied a Friend on a visit .to
meetings of Friends in Virginia and Carolina, and it seems
to have been about this time that he was constrained to
speak a few words occasionally in the solemn assembly. He
was much impressed at seeing a Friend, who had been drafted
to serve in the army of the Revolution, punished with forty
lashes for refusing to serve, and lie commends the exemption
* After his death she married Thomas Norton, of Philadelphia.
THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
claimed for the Friends by a Major Roberts, who urged that
they ought not to suffer, because they had borne their tes-
timony against war from the beginning, and moreover were
compelled to pay threefold more than their share of the taxes.
The repugnance of the Quakers to bear arms was often mis-
taken for loyalty to the Empire, and the circumstance related
will show how hard it was for any one to maintain a neutral
attitude between the contending parties in those unhappy
days. There were some notable Friends among the Loyalists
who settled in Nova Scotia at the peace, showing that they,
as well as other denominations, were divided in opinion as to
the merits of the war.* In 1781 he was acknowledged a
minister, and in 1785, with the concurrence of the monthly
meeting, he visited the yearly meetings of New York and
Rhode Island, and other meetings in the State of New York
and in New England. I have not met with any account
of a visit by him to Plymouth County, but it may be that
the occurrence so often of the profession of Quaker principles
among the Saverys of the Old Colony is in part due to the
influence of his preaching. It is worthy of remark that so
many of the name widely sundered, and connected by no known
kinship, have at different periods been conspicuous among the
Friends. One is disposed to attribute it to a peculiar psychical
and mental characteristic, inherited through the centuries from
the common stock of the parent tree, wherever its scions have
been planted; a natural and transmitted tendency to the sub-
jective and spiritual in religion the inner sense as opposed to
the outward form a tendency which only had free scope for its
development in the great religious upheaval consequent on the
Reformation, and which probably led the family early to em-
brace Protestantism, and carried many of them soon over to the
congenial fellowship of the Friends, as evinced alike in Barda-
* The father of Benjamin West, a celebrated painter, was a Quaker Loyalist, and so
were the ancestors of the Fitzrandolphs and Warringtons of Digby and Annapolis
CounUes, N. 3.
WILLIAM SAVER Y. 149
does, in Philadelphia, in New England, in London, and in
In 1791 he visited Charleston and other cities of the Southern
States, where his first contact with slavery, so abhorrent to the
cardinal principles of his people, touched his sympathetic and
tender nature most profoundly. At T. Lewis's, about fifty-
four miles from Charleston, he had the satisfaction of meeting a
landlord, who, he wrote, had freed ten negroes, several of
whom cost fifty guineas apiece, he and his Avife being united in
this, and saying they never had peace till it was done ; whether
the act was in any degree the result of his own intercession, he
does not tell us ; but if so, his modest silence Avas quite char-
acteristic. Seeing between thirty and forty negroes, some of
them lame and decrepit, travelling to Ashley bridge to be sold
for what they would fetch, he thus apostrophizes : " Certainly
there is a righteous and omniscient Judge who commiserates
the poor and oppressed, and takes cognizance of the actions of
the hard-hearted and merciless oppressors, and by terrible
things in righteousness will sooner or later plead the cause of
the afflicted " ; a premonition of the horrors of the Civil War
which, seventy years later, shook the fabric of the Republic from
turret to foundation stone, and deluged the land with blood.
Near Savannah he lodged at the house of one Blunt, who
ordered his negro boy to be " flogged " because in going for his
cows he had, through weariness, fallen asleep. Inquiring what
this meant, Blunt told him it was the custom to cut the slave's
back with a lash until it was raw, and then to salt it. Incredu-
lous at this, he was informed by the landlord, " with many
curses on the blacks," that it was true. He remarks in his
journal that the blessing which this inhuman person craved be-
fore his meat must have been as abhorrent to the Divine Being
as his curses. The next morning, hearing cries for mercy, he
sought their source, and found the poor boy tied up and receiv-
* I am informed there was a Friend of note in Cork, named Daniel Savory, early
in the last century, whose letters to a prominent citizen of Philadelphia are in the
library of the Pennsylvania Historical Society.
150 THE SAVERY FAMILIES..
ing his castigation, already terribly lacerated. Stepping in
between the victim and his scourger, he ordered the boy un-
bound, a request which was promptly complied with ; after
which he rebuked the landlord unsparingly, so angering the by-
standers that one of them suggested that he should be " popped
off " ; and he left the place with his companions in anxious dread
of being followed and attacked. During his journey that day
lie was depressed by " heaviness and sad reflections," and in the
bitterness of his soul exclaimed, " Oh, Christianity and human-
ity, how are ye disgraced! where will all this end?" He
visited North Carolina the same year, and in 1792 went to Vir-
inia, and during these and all his other tours felt more and more
the comfort and aid of the divine help and the assurance of
abundant success in his labors, as he sowed the seed of the gospel,
leaving the great Husbandman to reap the final harvest of souls.
From the beginning of the colonization of Pennsylvania by
the followers of Penn, the aboriginal tribes noticed and were
touched by their pacific principles, and the justice and equity
of their conduct towards them and each other, and their savage
natures were softened into a disposition of kindness and amity
towards these newcomers. This, in turn, met with appreciation
and lasting gratitude on their part towards the Indians, whose
true interests they ever faithfully strove to promote ; and
William Savery Avas the originator of a special movement in
the Society for the relief of the aborigines in Pennsylvania and
New York, who suffered from the encroachment of the whites
upon their lands. In the negotiation of treaties between the
government and the savage tribes, the latter generally desired
the presence of Friends as advisers, and as a guarantee that
some measure of justice would be meted to them by their
more powerful and mentally equipped antagonists ; while, on
the other hand, the government was only too glad on critical
occasions to have the benefit of able and influential Friends as
mediators and auxiliaries ; and William Savery was engaged on
two very important missions of this nature. In December,
WILLIAM S A VERY. 151
1792, the societies at Philadelphia addressed an urgent memo-
rial to President Washington on the duty of taking prompt
and just measures to terminate the Indian wars by which the
border land of Western civilization was then being desolated ;
and as a conference with a vieAv to a treaty of peace was about
to be held at Sandusky, now in Ohio, he, with John Parish,
Jacob Lindley, and four others, were, with Washington's express
sanction, despatched to the scene, bearing a lengthy and touch-
ing address, invoking the ties of hereditary amity, and the
principles of brotherly love on behalf of the object of their mis-
sion. He and Lindley and two others having first discussed
the matter with President Washington, they set out in May,
1793, on a journey which proved to be one of extreme peril
and hardship ; never neglecting, however, to minister to the
religious edification of all whom they met with on the way,
as well as to the officers and men of the United States Army,
under Gen. Lincoln, whose companions they more immedi-
ately were, and who welcomed their kindly and pious offices
with respect and appreciation. Crossing the border, they were
equally well received by the officers and garrisons at British
posts, and secured passes from Governor Simcoe to go on to
Detroit by the first king's vessel from Fort Erie. He found
the land between Fort Erie and Niagara " generally rich " and
fast being settled by people mostly from the United States, and
a greater number of members of the Society of Friends than he
expected. Among the numerous religious meetings held by
him and his companions in this tour was the first Friends'
meeting ever held in Detroit. At Detroit the appearance of
the savages dancing their war dance in more revolting and
horrid paint and dress (or rather undress) than he had ever yet
seen, and clamoring for fire water, elicited the reflection:
" Sorrowful indeed it is that such is the depravity of many
under the dignified name of Christians, whose conduct towards
these poor creatures ought to have been marked with a pacific
desire of inspiring them with the mild and blessed doctrines of
152 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
the gospel, that they are, alas, taking delight in encouraging
them to this exercise, and stimulating them with potations of
strong liquor until they become frantic." He expresses his
conviction that much might be done Avith those poor people by
pei-suasion, and kindliness and honest dealing, and but very
little by compulsion or harsh and repellent measures ; a policy
which we in Canada have tested and found to be sound and
satisfactory, and which, if it had always been pursued by the
government of the United States and its officials, might have
spared Mrs. Helen Hunt Jackson the occasion of her sad arid
thrilling record of " A Century of Dishonor." But of late years
a more humane and distinctively Christian treatment has been
accorded to the Indian wards of the nation, which has had a
reflex beneficial effect in many ways.*
Referring to the barbarities of Indian warfare and the horrors
of Avar in general, he exclaims : " Oh, ye professors of the benign
and heavenly doctrines of the gospel, that breathes nothing but
peace and good-Avill to men, IIOAV Avill ye appear in the aAvful
day of retribution, when your divine Master shall come to
judge the world in righteousness, if any of you have been pro-
moters of the great desolation, Avretchedness, and misery which
mark the footsteps of Avar! " Here he relates that an old
Indian, who had visited the place some time previously, being
asked about the region farther Avest, referred to his sons, Avho
had travelled much, as an authority for its enormous extent
and other marvellous features ; and being pressed as to whether
his sons did not tell lies, " Lies ! " said he, in amazement,
" why, they have never yet seen a European ! " While here,
he ascertained that furs Avere brought from regions farther
to the northwest than he ever imagined, and observes very
impressively that a vast country remained yet unsettled in the
British territories, including immense tracts of most excellent
land, which might in time become an " extensive empire " ; a
prediction which the closing years of another century are seeing
* Among the officers with Gen. Grant at the surrender of Gen. Lee was a full-
blooded Indian, Col. (afterwards Gen.) Ely S. Parker, a member of Grant's staff.
WILLIAM SAVERY. 153
rapidly fulfilled. His humble namesake, and probably remote
kinsman, the compiler of this sketch, three quarters of a cen-
tury after this prediction was uttered, had the honor of contrib-
uting a mite towards its fulfilment by actively supporting in a
United British American Parliament measures to subject this
remote and still undeveloped region to the electric touch of
British civilization, to supply its howling wastes and desolate
prairies with Christian homes, and to span it with a railway
which is the grandest national highway, and in many respects
the greatest product of engineering skill in the world ; a work
which realizes as nothing else can do the dream of Columbus,
affording as it does the shortest route from Europe to the re-
mote East by a westward journey. We are developing this
" extensive empire," not in a spirit of hostility to our neighbors on
the southern side of the boundary, but of generous rivalry with
them in the arts of peace and the moral and material progress
of mankind. Let the American people pray for our success, as
we rejoice in theirs.
.Returning to Sandusky, the scene of the negotiations, pro-
posals were made and considered on both sides, and a serious
obstacle was presented by the demand of the Indians that the
whites should relinquish all their settlements west of the Ohio
and the Americans having ansAvered .this, it was suggested that
the Friends should accompany the chiefs to the grand council,
where the answer was to be considered, and William Savery was
" resigned to go " ; but on further deliberation the adventure was
deemed too hazardous. Soon afterwards he was prostrated with
a severe attack of fever and chills, induced by the climate and
exposure, which nearly proved fatal. The main object of the
mission failed ; no treaty of peace was reached, and he and his
party returned by a route down the Niagara and St. Lawrence
Rivers to Montreal, thence across New York State to Albany,
down to New York City, and thence home, where he arrived in
a very weak condition of health. Their report to the Society
referred specially to the kindness and appreciation shown
154 THE SAYEEY FAMILIES.
towards them by the Shawhee, Wyandott, and Delaware tribes,
some of whom had travelled sixty miles to see the descendants .
of the men whose just and honorable treatment of their fore-
fathers was still held in grateful remembrance, a sentiment
which we are not in the habit of ascribing to the savage mind ;
and yet similar instances are not wanting, when an historian
pauses to do some little justice to a people who have had no
chroniclers of their own, but whose characters have always been
painted by their enemies. Hannay, in his history of Acadia,
relates that after their capture of York, Me., in 1692, they
allowed several aged women and a number of children to retire
to the garrisoned towns to reward the English for sparing the
lives of the wives of two sagamores, their children, and two or
three old squaws, by Capt. Church, at Pejebscot a year and
a half before, although Church massacred all the rest of the
women and children in cold blood. A Massachusetts officer,
in one of the Indian wars, reports having made prisoner of a
squaw, and after getting valuable information from her, order-
ing her to be torn to pieces by dogs, and that she was " soe
dealt withal." * Although their methods of warfare, like those
of all uncivilized and unchristian races, were dreadfully cruel,
they were alive to sentiments of honor and gratitude, while
their white enemies, our common forefathers, rivalled them in
the ferocity of their reprisals, and were too ready to break
faith with them in peace or war.
Again in 17 9-t, at the request of the Indians, and with the
cordial acquiescence of the government, the Society concluded to
send a delegation to assist Col. Pickering, as American com-
missioner, in negotiating a treaty with the Six Nation Indians
at Canandaigua in the State of New York, and William Savery,
* Thus Capt. Moseley reports in his letter to the governor under date Hatfield, 10th
October, 1675, mentioning the sentence and its execution in a postscript as if it were a
matter of courne, and without any hint that the woman had been guilty of any offence to
justify such a cruel retribution. See Boston Historical and Genealogical Register,"
Vol. XXXVII., p. 180. When King Philip's War broke out, the "praying Indians," as
those converted to Christianity were called, were arrested, chained two and two, and
torn from their homes, from a mere suspicion that they might join the enemy, to the
horror and dismay of the Eliots and Tuppers who had preached the Cross among them .
WILLIAM S A VERY. 155
with David Bacon, John Fairish and James Emlen, volunteered
for the service, leaving Philadelphia, Sept. 15, 1794. Again
he suffered much from the hardships and privations of the
journey, but his zeal and determination overcame all difficulties.
They ministered as they went unremittingly in public and pri-
vate, and joined Col. Pickering in time to take part in all the
Near this place he met some followers of Jemima Wilkinson,
who was bred a Quaker, and who having when a young woman
revived after apparently dying from a fever, declared that she
had been raised from death to life, pretended to work miracles,
and founded a sect (now extinct) which built up in Yates
County, New York, a town called Jerusalem. Among her fol-
lowers was one Judge Potter, who entertained William Savery
and his companions hospitably, and from whom he was glad to
learn that he had seen his error, and left the sect. He
sought and obtained an interview with Jemima herself, find-
ing in her household a consumptive man who had brought in
so much of his property that his family was left destitute, upon
which he exclaims, " Oh, wretched infatuation ! that can
break the most solemn ties of God and nature, and yet natter
its votaries that they are the favorites of heaven." At one
religious meeting there were present a good many Indians who
had received some instructions in Christianity from missionaries,
and desired to open the worship by singing some psalms and
hymns, a wish that he deemed it advisable under the circum-
stances to accede to, on which he remarked that the melody and
softness of their voices in the Indian language, and the sweet-
ness and harmony that attended it, exceeded by far anything of
the kind he had ever heard among white people, and that there
in the woods the satisfaction of hearing these poor untutored
people sing, with every appearance of devotion, their Maker's
praise, and the serious attention to the word delivered to them,
conspired to make it a most solemn meeting, long to be remem-
bered by him. But his impression wais that the great body of
156 THE SAVEBY FAMILIES.
the Oneidas had received the religion of Christ in word only
but not in power. I will here digress to observe that the Iroquois
or Five Nations, consisting of the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the
Onandagoes, the Cayugas, and the Senecas, were re-enforced in
1715 by the Tuscaroras, a kindred tribe, who had been sepa-
rated from them by the chances of war, but being driven out of
their homes in North Carolina, sought and obtained a confed-
eracy with the Iroquois; and in 1784, mainly through the
intervention of a chief, Joseph Brandt (Thayendenega), sup-
ported by Governor Haldimand, those of the Six Nations who
had espoused the British cause during the Revolution sought
and obtained a grant of the district on the Grand River (now
in the county of Brandt, Ontario), which they have ever since
occupied in peace and prosperity, interrupted only by the
War of 1812. The British general, Sir Win. Johnson, after
the death of his wife, espoused Mary Brandt, Joseph's sister,
and she bore him several children. About five or six
years ago Chief John Henry Martin Johnson, a descend-
ant of Sir William, and a son of Chief John Smoke
Johnson, died on this reservation, leaving a very honorable
memory. The community has produced citizens who have won
fair distinction in every walk of life. Several Christian
ministers, and one eminent doctor and social reformer, and
more than one prominent and wealthy manufacturer of pure
aboriginal blood, have issued from it, living contradictions to
the trite saying accepted by so many as true, that there is " no
good Indian but a dead Indian." Miss E. Pauline Johnson,
two of whose poetical compositions are comprised in the " Songs
of the Great Dominion," edited by Mr. W. D. Lightall, M. A.,
of Montreal, and by an eminent critic pronounced the great-
est living poetess, is a daughter of the late head chief,
G. M. H. Johnson. Her mother was a daughter of Mr. Henry
Howells, of Bristol, England, a kinsman of Mr. W. D. Howells,
the novelist. One of her brothers is cashier of the New York
Life Assurance Company, in the Dominion of Canada, and
WILLIAM SAVERY. 157
another holds a mercantile position in Hamilton. The Six
Nations settled on Grand River were computed in 1785 to
number about five hundred souls. They were re-enforced by
some of their kin from the United States, and now number
about .four thousand. They enjoy the Dominion franchise, are
ministered to by a Church of England clergyman, and cer-
tainly show no prospect of being " civilized off the face of the
earth," nor do their fairer complexioned fellow-subjects evince
any desire to submit them to that etherealizing process, the fate
of so many of their brethren on the southern side of the border.
The Friends were as before bearers of credentials from the
Society, in the shape of a fraternal and affectionate address to
the Indians, and immediately after their arrival Col. Pick-
ering called on them and took William Savery and David
Bacon with him to the camp of the Oneidas ; conference after
conference, council after council, was held ; the Indian chiefs
visiting the Friends in their tent to discuss with them every
important communication. On Tuesday, Oct. 21, a more
formal conference than any preceding one took place, at which
Ool. Pickering introduced himself as sole commissioner on
behalf of the United States, and their friends the Quakers, who,
he told them, had come at their request ; and the address from
the Society at Philadelphia was read to them, and interpreted
by John Parrish. On one occasion some Indian women
requested and were granted leave to speak through one of the
chiefs as their orator, and said that the white people had been
the cause of all the Indians' distresses ; that the whites f had
pressed and squeezed them together until it gave them great
pain at their hearts ; and that the whites ought to give them
back the lands they had taken from them ; that a white woman
the day before (Jemima Wilkinson, who had foisted herself
upon the council, against Col. Pickering's wish) had told the
Indians to repent, and they now in turn called on the white
people to repent, for they had as much need as the Indians, and
that they should wrong the Indians no more. At another con-
158 THE SAVER* FAMILIES.
ference the Indians said that when the white people came to the
country and had no land to subsist on, they had given them
land out of compassion ; that afterward they were called on for
more, and gave it for the sake of peace, until war arose between
them and their great king across the ocean, which involved the
Indians in troubles not of their own making, but the fault of
the whites. About the 25th, a man named Johnson, no doubt a
descendant of Sir William by his Mohawk wife, and thus a
nephew of Brandt, and an ancestor of the poetess, came with a
message from Brandt, the Mohawk chief, to those of the Six
Nations who \vere there assembled, and acting, as William
Savery says in his journal, as a " British interpreter." On
observing Col. Pickering's displeasure at his presence, one of
the chiefs expressed surprise that since the peace with the
British nation the Americans and the British could not bear to
sit side by side in any treaty with the Indians. Col. Picker-
ing, however, denounced Johnson as a British spy, and his
presence there as a fresh proof of " British insolence," and he
was compelled to leave, after which the chief declared that
what they had been told at a previous treaty, that the treaty
between Great Britain and America had been agreed on in the
presence of the Great Spirit and under his influence, and that
it was 1 a " good peace," must be false ; that they had requested
Johnson to be present, and in consenting to his departure must
insist on provisions being supplied him for his journey.
At a grand council on the 28th, William Savery read Col.
Pickering's commission, and the American proposals were fully
opened up. On the 31st, several chiefs waited on the Friends
in their tent and presented to them an address, in which the
following passage occurred : " You all know the proposals that
have been made by the commissioner and the offers made by us
to him. We are all now in the presence of the Great Spirit,
and we place more confidence in you than in any other people.
As you rxpivss your desire for peace, we now desire your help
and assistance; we hope you will not deceive us, for if you
WILLIAM SAYERY. 159
should do so we shall no more place any confidence in man-
kind." It is no wonder that William Savery and his compan-
ions were deeply touched by such an appeal from those sim-
ple children of the forest, and found it a " delicate and weighty
matter " to answer some of their requests. It is quite evident
that without their aid, no treaty could have been accomplished.
When at length articles were agreed on, and were finally sub-
mitted to the assembled chiefs, William Savery was required by
them to hold in his hand a duplicate, and follow it while the
commissioner read aloud, so that he could assure them it was a
verbatim copy. Even after this they pressed him and his com-
panions for an assurance that they had not been duped, or
unfairly dealt with. When the articles were at length signed,
the chiefs again visited them, and in an earnest and pathetic
address besought them also to sign the treaty, as a guarantee
of its fairness and good faith, and Col. Pickering was very
desirous that they should do so ; but in the words of their
report to the Society, " as the articles confirmed the right of
the United States to large tracts of land which had been ob-
tained by conquest, without making what Friends deemed an
adequate and just compensation for it, they could not consent
to the requests so frequently made to sign the treaty." As
before, he reached home much broken in health by the hard-
ships of the journey ; nevertheless, after a short rest, he set
out to attend the yearly meeting in Virginia, and some of the
meetings composing it, holding meetings for worship and exhor-
tation, continually, going and returning.
In the year 1796 he felt constrained by the monitions of the
Spirit to embark for Europe, leaving on May 18, in company
with " several ministers," viz., Samuel Emlen, Deborah Darby.
Rebecca Young, Sarah Talbot, and Phoebe Speakman. He
reached Liverpool on Sunday, June 19, 1796, and immediately
proceeded to hold meetings in that city, in Manchester, and in
London, and procured from the American minister a pass to the
Continent, Here he speaks of part-ing from his ^ friend*.
1(50 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
Joseph Savory and family, of London." Reaching Oldenburg,
Germany, on the 7th of August, they were very courteously
received by the secretary of the governor, Prince Etienne.
Everywhere he sought out " separatist " societies and isolated
communities of religious people, groping after spiritual truths,
and yearning after religious light amidst surroundings of indif-
ference or formalism, and consoled and ministered to, com-
forted and advised them, as their several circumstances re-
quired or permitted ; and if I had space it would be interesting
to speak of the different notable religious characters whom
At Altona he preached in German for the first time, and
interpreted an English address by one of his companions. The
objective point of this part of the journey was Pyrmont, where
there had long existed a large body of Friends. Here he
stayed some time, strengthening the Society, and healing its
divisions. Here also he notes the murmurs of surprise by the
people at seeing him and his companions keep their hats on in
the presence of the governor, who had invited them to an
interview, and received them with great courtesy. At Bruns-
wick he sought an interview with the duke, the father of
44 Brunswick's fated chieftain," * himself a great general, who
was killed at Auerstiidt in 1806. He failed to find him at
home, but was graciously listened to by the duchess, to whom
he delivered Penn's 44 No Cross, no Crown," and she thanked
him for the book and his exhortation. At Helmstead he waited
on the learned Professor Beireis, and gave him Barclay's
44 Apology," and being informed by him that there were no
separatists in the town, moved on, finding more kindred spirits
in Magdeburg, but on the way towards Berlin experienced the
mortification of having some of the books they had left at
Magdeburg returned, the donee not being satisfied with the
rejection of the sacraments, and certain other doctrines taught
in them. At Berlin he stayed some time, and met many sym-
* Byron's "Childe Harold," Canto Hi., v. 23.
WILLIAM S A VERY. 161
pathizers, among whom were some men of note, especially a
Major Marconnay, who had served under the king with distinc-
tion, but, impressed by religious considerations, had resigned
his offices, and was living a retired life. This gentleman
attended one of his meetings, and afterwards called on him and
his companions with the gratifying information that he had
through them found the truth that he was so long seeking
for under many professors, and that he believed they had
been sent there in the will of God, for the benefit and
blessing of himself and others. He failed, however, to get
an audience of the king, which distressed him much ; and a
letter afterwards received from Major Marconnay, informing
him that he had secured an audience for him for the day after
he had left, intensified his regret that he had left so soon.
After further travels and labors and meetings in Germany,
he passed on to Holland, and held meetings in various parts
of that country, and then proceeded to France. At Paris, while
getting their passes indorsed by the proper official, they were
ordered to take off their hats ; but on its being explained that
they had " religious scruples " against such an act of obeisance
to a mere fellow-man, this refusal to do so was excused. Here he
and his friends had a discussion with Tom Paine, the infidel
author of " The Age of Reason." He says that Paris " contains
almost everything to gratify the eyes of the curious, the desires
of the voluptuous, the talents of the learned, and the dissipa-
tion of the gay and fashionable world ; but has little to satisfy
the soul longing after celestial riches." After travelling
through the South of France with many interesting vicissitudes
and incidents, he returned to Paris, and on the way to Dun-
kirk was hospitably entertained by one Christopher Potter, who
lived on part of the estate formerly owned by the Prince de
Conde'. He now computed the number of miles he had trav-
elled in France at fourteen hundred.
On the 16th May, 1797, he landed at Gravesend, and renewed
his labors in the South and West of England, crossing over to
1(32 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
the Channel Islands ; returning, he visited Liverpool, Chester,
York, and the Isle of Man, where he was treated with special
respect and hospitality by the lieutenant-governor of the
island, and thence resumed his travels on the mainland, and
in Scotland, holding large and, as a rule, satisfactory meetings
everywhere. Thence he went to Ireland, and after diligent and
interesting labor in the " Island of the Saints," he crossed over
to Wales. At Bath he sought and obtained an interview with
the celebrated Hannah More, and was introduced by her to
William Wilberforce. Arriving at London, he was affection-
ately received by his " beloved friends, J. Savory and others,"
and proceeded to Norwich, where his visit was one of the most
important and eventful of his life, for it was on that occasion
that he made the acquaintance of the Gurneys, the family of
which Elizabeth, afterwards Mrs. Elizabeth Fry, the renowned
prison philanthropist, was a member. Not one word does he
say in his journal of his intercourse with this family, no doubt
all unconscious, or, at least, utterly without prescience of the
far-reaching results of an influence which gave its bent to the
career of one of the most remarkable English women of modern
times. On the other hand, all her biographers, especially her
daughter, Mrs. Cresswell, place the figure of William Savery
conspicuously in the foreground of the grand and interesting
picture of her life. He alludes to Norwich and the Friends
there, under date Feb. 4, 1798, as follows : " Attended their
meeting; there were about two hundred under our name
very few middles-aged or young persons who had a consistent
appearance in their dress; indeed, I thought it the gayes
meeting of Friends I ever sat in, and was grieved to see il
I expected to pass the meeting in silent suffering, but at lengl
believed it most for my peace to express a little, and througl
gracious condescension was favored to relieve my mind, an<
many were tendered. Had a meeting in the evening in a lar
meeting-house in another part of the town. There seems to be but
few upright standard bearers left among the members in this place,
WILLIAM S A VERY. 163
yet they are not entirely removed. Attended the public meet-
ing, and the house, though very large, could not contain the
people by several hundreds ; but considering their crowded
situation, many being obliged to stand, they soon became settled,
and through mercy it proved a remarkably open, satisfactory meet-
ing, ending in prayers and praise to the author of every bless-
ing. The marks of wealth and grandeur are too obvious in several
families of Friends in this place, which made me sorrowful, yet
saw but little opening to relieve my mind; several of the
younger branches, though they are enabled by divine grace to
see what the truth leads to, yet it is uncertain whether, with all
the alluring things of this world around them, they will choose
the simple safe path of self-denial." Like the Saverys, the
Gurneys were of Norman extraction, the name being derived
from Gournay de Brai, in Normandy, the Norman lords of
which held fiefs in England as early as the days of William
Rufus. The Norwich branch lived at Earlham, a family seat,
and were high up among the local gentry, and although pro-
fessing the principles of the Friends, like a larger proportion
to-day, they did not strictly live up to the austere rules of the
Society, conforming more to the fashions of the world, and par-
taking more of its enjoyments and mingling more in its gayeties-
than was then deemed consistent with their profession. By the
death of her mother, Elizabeth and her six sisters were left
under the care of their father, whose occupations, public and
private, were engrossing. But the elder ones were judicious
and discreet, although not devout, according to the standard of
the Friends, and all were rich in talent, lively and original,
possessing a peculiar freshness of character with singular purity
of purpose and warmth of affection. " For a time," says her
daughter, " they were permitted to stumble on the dark moun-
tains, seeking rest and finding none. To the gayeties of the
world as we understand them, they were but little disposed."
Mr. Gurney had no objection to music, although neither music
nor dancing was allowed by the Friends, yet they were gifted
164 THE SAVEKY FAMILIES.
with music, and under the influence of natural hilarity, they
often danced together. The thrilling pathos of their native
warblings, especially the duets of Rachel and Elizabeth, was
long remembered. In all these enjoyments no one entered with
more zest than Elizabeth. She was also an excellent horse-
woman, and rode fearlessly. But during all these days she
was evidently struggling after more spiritual light and a higher
spiritual life, occasionally troubled by a tendency to scepticism,
or wavering in response to the attractions of fashionable life,
for which her lively disposition and great personal charms and
accomplishments so eminently fitted her.
At an age when a graver form of rebuke might have repelled
her, a gentleman of high principle formed a strong and ardent
friendship for her and her sisters, and discussed the grand
truths of Christianity with them in the most judicious manner,
never, although a Roman Catholic, touching on any contro-
verted topic. Another Christian consoler and guide appeared
later in the person of Marianne Galton, afterwards Mrs.
Schimmelpenninck.* And there were other associates from
whom all the sisters derived more or less benefit. In January,
1797, she writes in her journal: " My mind is in so dark a state
that I see everything through a black medium." In April she
writes : " Why do I so much wish for the Prince to come ?
[H. R. H. William Frederic, afterwards Duke of Gloucester,
then quartered with his regiment at Norwich.] Pride, alas, is
the cause. 29th, I met the Prince ; it showed me the folly oi
the world ; my mind feels very flat after the storm of pleasure.'
I now quote from her biographer her own account of the meet-
ing, the description of which in Savery's journal I have given
above: " It was on the 4th of February, 1798, that William
Savery, an American Friend, who had come to England on
religious visit (as it is termed in the language of Friends)
in the course of his travels arrived at Norwich. He appears
to have been sound in the Christian faith, and to have laid du<
* Authoress of Select Memoirs of Port Royal," etc.
WILLIAM SAVERY. 165
stress on the great doctrines of the atonement. He was a
strict Friend, earnest in urging a faithful obedience to the
immediate guidings of the spirit of God, yet careful lest from
any want of watchfulness and humility the youthful mind
should be led into error." Elizabeth's sister Richenda thus
describes this eventful day : " On that day we seven sisters sat
as usual in a row, under the gallery, at meeting. I sat by
Betsey ; William Savery was there ; we liked to have yearly
meeting Friends to preach it was a little change. Betsey
was generally rather restless at meeting, and on this day I
remember her very smart boots were a great amusement to me ;
they were purple, laced with scarlet. At last William Savery
began to preach. His voice and manner were arresting, and
we all liked the sound : her attention became fixed, at last I saw
her begin to weep, and she became a good deal agitated. As
soon as meeting was over, I have a remembrance of her making
her way to the men's side of the meeting, and having found my
father she begged him if she might dine with William Savery
at the Grove (the residence of her uncle, Joseph Gurney), to
which he soon consented, though rather surprised by the re-
quest ; we went home as usual, and, for a wonder, we wished
to go again in the afternoon. I have not the same clear remem-
brance of this meeting, but the next scene that has fastened
itself on my memory is our return home in the carriage.
Betsey sat in the middle, and astonished us all by the feeling
she showed. She wept most of the way home. The next
morning, William Savery came to breakfast, and preached to
our dear sister after breakfast, prophesying of the high and im-
portant calling she would be led into. What she went through
in her own mind, I cannot say, but the results were most pow-
erful and most evident. From that day her love of pleasure
and of the world was gone." The impression on Elizabeth's
mind her own journal portrays :
" SUNDAY, Feb. 4, 1798. This morning I went to meeting, though but
poorly, because I wished to hear an American Friend, named William Sa-
THE SAVEBY FAMILIES.
very. Much passed there of a very interesting nature. I have had a faint
light spread over my mind ; at least, I believe it is something of that kind,
owing to having been much with and having heard much excellence from
one who appears to me to be a true Christian. It has caused me to feel a
little religion. My imagination has been worked upon,, and I fear that all
I have felt will go off. I fear it now, though at first I was frightened that
a plain Quaker should have made so deep an impression upon me ; but how
truly prejudiced hi me to think that because good came from a Quaker, I
should be led away by enthusiasm and folly. But I hope I am now free from
such fears. I wish the state of enthusiasm I am now in may last, for
to-day I have felt that there is a God. I have been devotional, and my mind
has been led away from the follies that it is mostly wrapped up in. We had
much serious conversation ; in short, what he said and what I felt was like
a refreshing shower, falling upon earth that has been dried up for ages.
" SUNDAY, 11. It is very different to this day week (a day never to be for-
gotten while memory lasts) .... To-day I have felt all my old irreligious
feelings. My object shall be to search, try to do right, and if I am mis-
taken, it is not my fault, but the state I am now T in makes it difficult to
act. What little religion 1 have felt has been owing to my giving away
quietly and humbly to my feelings : but the more I reason upon it, the
more I get into a labyrinth of uncertainty, nd my mind is so much inclined
to both scepticism and enthusiasm, that if I argue and doubt, I shall be a
total sceptic ; if, on the contrary, I give way to it, and, as it were, wait for
religion, 1 may be led away. But I hope that will not be the case ; at all
events, religion, true and uncorrupted, is of all comforts the greatest ; it is
the first stimulus to virtue ; it is a support under every affliction. I am sure
it is better to be so in an enthusiastic w r ay than not to be so at all, for it is
a delighful enthusiasm/'
Immediately after this, with the consent of her father, she
visited London, that she might become acquainted for herself
with those amusements and fascinations that the world offers
to its votaries, that she might have the opportunity of " trying
all things, and choosing that which seemed to be good."
Thirty years afterwards, in July, 1828, she thus writes of this
eventful period of her life :
" Here ended this important and interesting visit to London, where I
learned much and had much to digest. I saw and entered various scenes
of gayety, many of our first public places, attended balls and other places
of amusement. I saw many interesting characters in the world ; some of
considerable eminence in that day. I was also cast among a great variety
of persons of different descriptions. I had the high advantage of attending
several most interesting meetings of William Savery, and having at times
WILLIAM S A VERY. 167
his company and that of a few other Friends. It was like the casting die
in my life ; however, I believe it was in the ordering of Providence for me,
and that the lessons then learned are to this day valuable to me."
Then follows in detail an account of her spiritual experi-
ences and convictions as to religion and the world, derived from
William Savery's preaching and teaching.
The following letter she received immediately on her arrival
WILLIAM SAVERY TO ELIZABETH GURXEY.
13TH FOURTH MONTH, 1798.
DEAR FRIEND :
As I left thee unwell, and without having it in my power to take thee
affectionately by the hand, as I was much inclined to do, it gave me great
pleasure to receive thy kind letter, which brings no complaint of thy present
want of health; for I assure thee, I feel interested in thy welfare and
happiness every way. My attachment has not been more cordial or agree-
able to any young Friend in England, and my heart leaped with joy to find
thou art willing to acknowledge a state of hunger and thirst after righteous-
ness, which, if thou cherish and dwell in, thou never need to doubt, my dear
friend, will eventually be crowned with the enjoyment of the heavenly
promise, " thou shalt be filled." Thou art favoured with amiable and
benevolent dispositions, which I hope thou hast wisely determined shall
1 not be eclipsed by a conformity to the god of this world, nor enslaved by
its rudiments and maxims, its philosophy and vain deceit, but rather with
a holy magnanimity, regardless of the world's dread laugh, thou wilt
resolve to implore the Omnipotent hand that formed thee for Glory,
Immortality, and Eternal Life, to finish the glorious work he has begun,
by creating thee anew in Christ Jesus unto every good word and work ;
bringing thee under the dominion of His own power and spirit, the fruit
of which is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
I know, my dear, thou hast and wilt have many temptations to combat
with ; thou will doubtless be frequently importuned to continue with thy
gay acquaintances, in pursuit of that unsubstantial and false glare of
happiness which the world, in too bewitching and deceitful colors, holds
out to the poor, young, unwary traveller, which, if he be ensnared with,
most certainly ends in blinding the intellectual eye from discerning the
uncontaminated source of soul-felt pleasure, resulting from a humble
heart at peace with its God, its neighbor, and itself. Thou askest my
advice, my dear friend, and without any premeditation when I sat down, 1
find I have been attempting it ; but it is very evident thou art under the
especial care of an infinitely better instructor, who has already uttered His
THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
soft and heavenly voice, to teach thee that the first step toward religion is
true humility ; because in that state only we can feel the need we have of
an arm stronger than human to lean upon, to lead us out of and keep us
from polluting things, which hinder our access to, and confidence in that
boundless source of purity, love, and mercy ; who amidst all the vicissi-
tudes of time, is disposed to be our invincible Shepherd, Guardian, and
Friend, in whom we may trust, and never be afraid; but this blessed
confidence is not, cannot be enjoyed by the gay, the giddy, proud, or
abandoned votaries of this world.
It is the peculiar privilege of those who are sincerely endeavoring to
wash* their hands in iunocency, that they may compass the altar of God
availiugly. I have experienced what it is to be under the imperious and
slavish dominion of my own uncontrolled passions; and I know that
such a state is abundantly mixed with the wormwood and the gall, and I
have been, through adorable mercy, convinced there is an infinitely more
happy one to be attained, even in this life ; an enjoyment, under the per-
fect law of liberty, of that serene state of mind wherein there is no
condemnation, as Paul speaks, the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus,
setting the soul free from the law of sin and death. I do not pretend, my
dear friend, to boast myself as having attained such an uninterrupted state,
yet the transient foretaste which we partake of, in proportion to our
obedience to revealed duty, is enough to inspire the soul of every Christian
soldier so to run, through God's mercy and grace, that we may obtain the
full and complete enjoyment of it. There are many formal professors of
religion, who think to obtain peace with God by a critical exactness, and
even rigid austerity in outward observances, and outside formalities, as
well as many who from constitution or habit are always exhibiting the
dark and gloomy side of religion, not having, in my humble opinion, their
minds sufficiently expanded by just conceptions of the adorable love and
mercy of God ; and both of these spread a discouraging report of the
good land, or of the way which our Heavenly Father has appointed for us
to obtain possession of it. I speak only my own experience, dear Elizabeth,
when I say, that whenever I have found my way more than usually strewn
with thorns, I have generally discovered, on a deep scrutiny of my heart,
it has been the fruit of some open or secret departure from the paths of
obedience and virtue, so that I am confirmed it is in our own ways we are
corrected ; but the ways of the Lord are ways of pleasantness, and all
his paths are peace. I know very well that the most virtuous, being
children of frail humanity, and this world not designed to be the place of
their undisturbed rest, but a school of discipline, to prepare them for a
better, are subject to afflictions as well as others ; still there is this differ-
ence in the midst of them all, that while the votary of this world is
overwhelmed with murmuring and repining, and agitated with sorrow
which worketh death under the afflictive dispensation, that all more or
ess, in the wisdom of Providence for our good, must pass through in this
life, yet the humble Christians, believing that even afflictions from His
WILLIAM SAVERY. 169'
sovereign hands are mercies in disguise, and that all things shall work
eventually for good to them that love and fear Him, are strengthened,
through the Lord's love and mercy to say, " The cup that my Heavenly
Father hath blessed, shall I not drink it? " for our light affliction, which is
but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight
of glory, while we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things
which are not seen, for the things which are seen are temporal, but the
things which are not seen are eternal. On the other hand, the temporal
enjoyments of this life being sanctified to us by the hand that gave them,
and the world used without abusing it, the pe<ice, comfort, and rational
enjoyment of them is doubly tasted by the religious and grateful soul. My
dear child, my heart is full towards thee. I have written a great deal more
than I expected ; but I fain would take thee by the hand, if I were quali-
fied so to do, and ascend, as our Heavenly Father may enable us, together,
step by step, up that ladder which reaches from earth to Heaven ; but
alas ! my weakness is such I can only recommend both myself and thee to
that good hand that is able to do more abundantly for us than we can
either ask or think ; and bid thee for the present in much Christian affection,
On 7th December, 1798, she mentions in her diary a letter an-
nouncing the arrival of her "clear friend William Savery" in
From Norwich he passed on from place to place, and again
visiting London, he on the 10th of March had an important
interview with the king and royal family. This he secured
through the intercession of Benjamin West, the celebrated
painter, who, born of Quaker parents in Pennsylvania, was then
in the zenith of his fame, having six years before succeeded Sir
Joshua Reynolds as president of the Royal Academy, and
declined the honor of knighthood. The queen, he says, ordered
a page to conduct him into one of the apartments, whence, in
about five minutes, he was ushered into the drawing-room
where the king, queen, and three of the princesses, and Prince
Ernest Augustus met his party "with pleasant countenances."
The prince, being informed of his late visit to the Continent,
asked him many questions, giving him an opportunity of
descanting feelingly on the horrors and miseries of war, and its
antagonism to the spirit of the Christian religion, the queen
170 THE SAVERY FAMILIES.
and the princesses giving an emphatic assent to his views.
These illustrious ladies were especially pleased with the inter-
view, the queen giving him the names and ages of her children,
and sending for the Princess Amelia, " a tall girl of fourteen,"
who was unwell, to come in. The king asked him about the
situation of affairs between France and America, and on being
told that he seldom meddled with politics, said, " No, no, I
understand, but as a people you can never form so natural an
attachment with any country as with England ; we are united
by religion, relationship, commerce, disposition, etc." He
replied that he valued the connection, and hoped the family
compact would never be broken ; and the queen, catching part
of the conversation, desired him to repeat it ; was much pleased
with the idea, and spoke of it to her daughters with satisfac-
tion. And yet, alas ! the family compact was broken only four-
teen years afterwards. Who was to blame for that fratricidal
War of 1812 ? The emphatic and eloquent protest against it by
the people of New England, which we still remember with
deep gratitude, confirms us in our opinion that it was not
altogether the fault of our government ; and it is significant
that not one of President Madison's grounds for the declaration
of war was so much as even mentioned in the treaty of peace.
Should it ever unfortunately occur that the family compact is
broken again, we in Canada are determined that it shall be by
no fault of ours, unless to cling tenaciously to our own little
patrimony, in the spirit of the race from which we all come, is
to be deemed a fault. When in the treaty of 1783, Lord Shel-
burne, in spite of the pressure of France, America's ally, to the
oontrary, "endowed" * the original States with the magnificent
extension of boundaries they pleaded for west of the Ohio, and
on the north and south, he said he yielded for the sake of recon-
ciliation. " Reconciliation," replied Franklin, " that is a sweet
word." And yet, alas ! it often seems in these later years that
the reconciliation has not yet come. I know that in the matters
* The very language used by Hon. John Jay, an American statesman and diplomat,
descendant of one of the American plenipotentiaries.
WILLIAM S A VERY. 171
which have recently been subjects of controversy, the Canadian
government has carefully striven to keep well within the lines
of existing treaties and recognized international law, and to
assert undoubted rights with forbearance and moderation. If
an impression to the contrary prevails in the United States, it is
because their people only hear one side of the story. Let me
implore those who conduct the American press, and on whom so
grave a responsibility devolves in any such case, to deal more
justly, nay liberally, with us in this respect, that our case may be
heard and judged of by the great body of the intelligent Ameri-
can public, to whose judgment, as to the decisions of the great
jurists who adorn the courts of the United States, we do not
shrink from appealing. I humbly hope, in these days of
u retaliation " and threatened non-intercourse, my kinsfolk
and namesakes will pardon this digression in the interests of
peace, and I will hasten to resume the subject of this eminent
apostle of peace, who bore and honored our common name.
He told the king and queen that he desired to embrace the
good everywhere as brethren, under whatever modification of out-
ward profession ; and the queen replied, " A good Christian must
do so." After a "free conversation " he could scarcely part
from them without tears, and West heurd the king say to his
consort, " Charlotte, how satisfactory this has been."
Continuing his travels in England, he soon after this began
to seek for a ship in which to take passage for home, and met
with many disappointments delaying his departure from time to
time. Scorning idleness, he availed himself of the time at his
disposal to cross over to Ireland again, mentioning Anna Sa-
vory as going and returning with him. On May 18, 1799, he
refers to Thomas Scattergood, of Philadelphia, a distinguished
Friend, appearing in prayer at one of his meetings.
On June 27 he and his companions visited William Wilber-
force, and laid before him the distressed state of the people of
Ireland ; and the free expression of their sentiments seemed to
give much satisfaction to the great English abolitionist. On
172 THE S A VERY FAMILIES.
the first day of August he succeeded in finding an eligible ship
to carry him to America.
On his passage out he received from a passing vessel infor-
mation of the prevalence of yellow fever in his native city, and
writes in his journal: "O Philadelphia, Philadelphia! thou
whom the Lord has known and favored above all the cities I
have ever seen, is there not a cause why thou shouldst so re-
peatedly be made to read the roll written within and without,
with mourning, lamentation, and woe ? Doubtless there is,
or thy God would still have preserved the walls of salvation
around thee, and thy gates would have resounded with anthems
He arrived at New York on the 18th of October, and soon
joined his wife and household, who had removed a few miles
from the city to escape the ravages of the fever. Owing to fail-
ing health he travelled but little after this, except to attend
the yearly meeting of New York in 1800, and of Baltimore of
1801, but continued diligent in his ministrations to the full ex-
tent of his remaining strength ; dropsical symptoms at length
supervened, and in March, 1804, he was confined to his house,
awaiting his last summons with Christian humility, considering
himself, notwithstanding all his labors, an unprofitable servant,
" having nothing to depend on but the mercy of God through
his Saviour, Christ." He died on the 19th of June, 1804,* and
the pure " white flower of a blameless life," transplanted to the
immortal shores, blooms in the sunlight of God's countenance for-
In person William Savery was about five feet nine or ten
inches in height, was of a firm make, and for one inclined to
corpulency, had a good figure. His features were comely, and
*His brother, Thomas Savery, thus writes in his journal, under date June 19, 1804:
" 18th. Went a-rldlng with brother William about three or four miles, but he very low;
taken with a chill in afternoon, and a fever succeeded which continued till mid-
night on the 18th; and the 19th about 6 o'clock A. M., he terminated his short but useful
life in the 54th year of his age, much lamented by his connections and numerous friends.
In years past he sought diligently the just .man's path, which was shown him and in
which he was mostly enabled to walk. He was a lover of mercy and true charity, and
walked humbly to the end of his days, which terminated in a becoming resignation to his
Heavenly Master's will, in whose favor he died peacefully, without much pain of body,
and is no doubt entered into that rest where all sighing and sorrow is at an end."
WILLIAM S A VERY. 173
although his complexion was not fair, it was good and healthy.
The expression of his face was usually placid ; and when he
was sitting in silence or in the social circle, it was dignified and
sedate. But when in conversation, his countenance would
often brighten up, and a smile the most benignant and attrac-
tive would play over it. Of the extent of his early general
education we know but little. It is clear that he was fairly
proficient in German, and had a good knowledge of French, in
which he could converse, but not very freely. His written sen-
tences are always grammatically correct, and often classically
elegant, and his diction flowing and graceful, betokening
literary taste, and no little culture ; and we can appreciate
while we cannot describe the magical charm and versatility of
address that enabled him to deliver his divine message with
equal acceptance in the cottages of the poor and in the palaces
of kings, in the refined society of the gentry of Norwich and
among the savages of the desert.
THE SEVERY FAMILY AND SAVERYS OF THE
COAT OF A EMS
OF TIIK SVVKETS OF JERSEY.
THE SEVER Y FAMILY AND SAVERYS OF THE
THE first American progenitor of this family I have found
at Marbleheacl, which although not organized until about 1635,
had been settled about 1629 by immigrants from the islands
of Jersey and Guernsey, commonly called the Channel Islands,
off the coast of France, the only possessions of the Dukes of
Normandy which are now subject to the English Crown.
In the Civil War between Charles I. and his Parliament, Jersey
was Episcopalian and Loyalist, and Guernsey Parliamentarian
and Puritan. There is a family of Sivret or Syvret in both
islands, from one of which I suspect the branch now treated of
came ; the name first appearing on the records of Marblehead and
adjacent towns, in the form Sevrit. The coat-of-arms of the
Syvrets of Jersey, as given in Burke's " General Armory," is
u Sable a lion rampant argent." The name under the form
Sivret exists to-day among the Acadian French of New
Brunswick. Many of the old Norman-French names of the
early settlers of Marblehead have been superseded in later
generations by names of English sound, or translations, some
of the latter not by any means literal; and the change in
this name, as in many others, arose from the attempt by school
teachers, tOAvn clerks, and pastors of churches to spell phonetically
in English a peculiar French name.* An Englishman, unversed
in the French language, hearing a French-speaking man pro-
nounce the name " Sivret," and desiring to write it down, would
* Smiles, In his work on the Huguenots, gives a curious instance of this transition of
names. The name of the French Protestant ancestors of Judge Bayley of the West-
minster, London, County Court was De liaillcux, from which it came to Bayley through
178 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY.
be almost sure to write it Scivery (Sciv-ery) or Severy.
Either of these two combinations of letters would, to an
Englishman, convey very nearly, and with about equal effect,
the name as it would be pronounced by a Frenchman. As
those acquainted with the French language know, the letter t
at the end of a word is not sounded as it is in English. It
merely gives a little shade of difference to the sound of the e
preceding it. The French termination et would be as nearly as
possible pronounced as eh would be by an Englishman ; but a
purely English name never ends with such a combination as
eh.* For these reasons the name came to be written Severy
or Scivery, the latter on the church, the former on the
town records, while it was often also spelt Sevrit and Severit,
from a lingering knowledge that the , although silent, really
belonged there. Once the form Severy became established,
town historians and registrars everywhere mistook the name for
a corruption of the more familiar Savery, and thus widened
and perpetuated the divergence from the original, making " con-
fusion worse confounded," and sad work indeed for genealogists
and searchers of titles. At Marblehead and Wenham we find
the name connected contemporaneously with the Christian
names Thomas, Andrew, Peter, James, and John ; and soon
afterwards we meet at Marblehead, Clement, Gregory, and
Philip, redolent of the Channel Islands and France ; and the
more Puritan and biblically associated names Jonathan, David,
Solomon, still common in the family, appeared simultaneously
in branches widely separated for generations. Among the
soldiers in King Philip's War were Edward and John Severy,
of Marblehead, and others of the name, and the family con-
tributed a remarkable number to all the wars in which the
colonies and United States were engaged. Marblehead is said
to have contained six hundred widows at the close of the Revo-
lutionary War, and five hundred of her citizens were prisoners
*I think, however, that in modern French usage it is gradually becoming fashionable
to give the final letter t a more distinct sound. It is so, at least, in Canada.
THE SEVER Y AND S A VERY FAMILY. 179
of war in England at the close of the War of 1812. The
estate of Peter Severe, or Sevoree, who died, it would seem, at
Marblehead, was administered by his brother Thomas, May 14,
1685, and that of Andrew by his wife Mary, May 21, 1715. I
think the same Peter was of Wenham, in 1684, for I find there
recorded : " Mary, daughter to Peter and Mary Severy, born
16. 1. 1684." But the Mary Sevrit whose " intent of marrig "
to Jonathan Moulton, " both of Wenham," was published
May 31, 1713, and " certificate given " June 18, was probably
daughter of the first John. It would seem likely that Andrew,
who by wife Mary had a child born to him in 1683, and
Thomas, who by wife Elizabeth had apparently five children
born before 1699, were, with Peter, brothers of the first John of
Wenham. The early settlers of Marblehead gave great con-
cern to the General Court by their lack of devotion to the church
and its rules, and I believe organized no church whatever until
after those of Ipswich and Wenham were organized, but the
town had Episcopal missionaries, from a very early date.
JOHN 1 SEVRIT, SEVERIT, or SEVERY, must have been born
between Nov. 8, 1644, and the same date in 1645, for, according
to Wenham records, " John Seven died Nov. 8, 1742, in the
ninety-eighth year of his age." " Goodwife Severit " had died
March, 1737. The earliest mention of his name is on the Pro-
bate records of Essex County, where it appears that, in 1680,
John Severy charged the estate of John Harris, of Marblehead,
for " providing his coffin and digging the grave." According
to the new " History of Essex County,"* sub cap. Wenham,
he removed to Wenham in 1695, his name in connection with
his settlement there being spelt Severett. Here also, as at
Marblehead, the records show that he was employed from the
first in connection with the last rites to the dead, and is thus
more . clearly identified. Besides probably others, he had the
* Edited by D. Hamilton Kurd, 1888.
180 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY.
2 I. John 2 , b. probably before 1683.
3 II. Joseph, b. May 4, 1690.
III. Mary (probably), who m. Jonathan Moulton.
IV. James, " Jeams Sevrit, son of John Sevrit, by Mary his wife
died 1722-3." His estate was administered by Jonathan
Moulton, and balance given to his father, showing he was
over twenty-one and unmarried.
JOHN* SEVERIT, JR. (Jo/w 1 ), carefully styled Junior on the
Wenham records, born no doubt at Marblehead before 1683,
date unknown, the immediate progenitor of the Middleboro
Saverys; married Martha, daughter of Thomas Parlow, of
Middleboro, who under the name Martha Severy, on the
Probate records, Plymouth, was June 11, 1727, allotted one
third of the estate of her father. Her death, at the age of
eighty-five, Dec. 19, 1768, is recorded at Wenham.
I. John 3 , b. March 29, 1706 ; d. May 7, 1706.
4 II. John, b. Aug. 13, 1707.
5 III. Thomas.
Perhaps other daughters.
JOSEPH 2 SEVERIT or SEVERY (John 1 }, was born May 4, 1690,
l>efore his father's removal from Marblehead to Wenham. His
intent of marriage, under the name " Joseph Saverit, of Wen-
ham," to Mary Crocker, of Topsfield, was recorded July 13,
1712. She died March 8, 1712-13 ; and on Sept. 13, 1713,
we find again an " intent of marrig " between " Joseph Saverit,
of Wenham, and Sarah Stockwell, of Ipswich," not " Joseph
Severy, of Ipswich, and Sarah Stockwell, of Rehoboth," as
Tracy, doubtless relying on tradition, gives it in his " History
THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 181
of Button." In Ipswich he was published as Joseph "Seavery."
His wife is said to have been a sister of the five brothers Stock-
well, of Rehoboth, who removed thence to Sutton, Oxford
County, among the earliest settlers. Before moving to Sutton
he lived in Ipswich or Rehoboth, perhaps consecutively in
both places, and settled in Sutton, with four children already
born to him, about 1728. The farm he first owned there he
sold, and bought one a little north from it, which remained in
the family one hundred and forty years or upwards. His
descendants now are most widely scattered all over the Union,
and the progressive variations in the spelling of their names
render them most difficult to trace. He died Nov. 14, 1761,
aged, according to the family record from which I compute the
day of his birth, 71 years 6 months 10 days ; and his widow,
April 4, 1770, aged 81 years 5 months and 26 days.
6 I. Joseph 3 , b. June 26, 1714.
II. Sarah, b. Dec. 17,1715; m. March 5, 1741, James How; re-
moved to Warwick, and d. there February, 1801.
III. John, b. May 4, 1720; d. May 11, 172!).
IV. Mary, b. Jan. 20, 1724-5 ; d. May 9, 1729.
7 V. John, b. Feb. 25, 1729-30.
8 VI. Benjamin, b. June 21, 1731.
9 VII. Jacob, b. May 8, 173.i.
VIII. Thomas, b. July 13, 1737; d. in the French War, Sept. 4, 1759.
The will of a Thomas Severy, of Suttou, was proved 1759.
JOHN 3 SEVERIT or SEVERY (John*, John 1 }. At Wenham,
"John son of John Severtt Jr. by Martha his wife was
born Au. the 13, 1707"; married July 17, 1729, by Rev.
Peter Thacher, at Middleboro, Mary, daughter of Jonathan
Thomas, whose mother's maiden name was Stewart. He prob-
ably settled on his mother's share of the Parlow estate. He
mentioned in his will only his wife Mary and his daughter
Lydia Tinkham, and Nehemiah and Daniel, sons of his deceased
182 THE SEVER Y AND SAVER Y FAMILY.
son John. His gravestone in the Middleboro cemetery says
he died June, 1778, in his seventy-second year. We would say
lie was in his seventy-first year. His survivors may have con-
founded the- year of his birth with that of the John who died
in infancy. His widow died July 20, 1778, aged 71 years. On
the Plymouth County Records of Deeds his name, I think, is
most frequently spelt Severit.
I. Martha 4 , b. June 29, 1731; d. before 1743.
II. Mary, b. 1733; d. May IS, 1794; unm., as appears from the in-
scription in the old cemetery, Middleboro. Birth not recorded.
10 III. John, b. Sept. 6, 1735.
IV. Perez, b. June 10, 1737.
V. Xehemiah, b. Jan. 24, 1740.
VI. Martha, b. April 1, 1743.
VII. Joanna, 1). Sept. 14, 1745.
VIII. Lydia, b. Feb. 27, 1747; m. Tiukham.
THOMAS 3 SEVER Y (John 2 , John 1 ), married Mary Williams, in
1738. In a deed, Dec. 29, 1741, recorded Book 37, p. 71,
Plymouth Records, he conveys a ninth share of the land derived
from his " honored grandfather Thomas Parlow." He bought
land at Hebron, Conn., 1753, and removed there with his family.
His wife was "dismissed" in 1758 to the church at Andover,
then forming one society with Hebron. Died at Hebron, 1761.
I. Martha 4 , b. 1738.
II. Lucia, b. 1740.
III. Solomon, b. 1742; d. Dec. 14, 1747.
11 IV. Joseph, b. Sept. 11, 1744.
V. Sarah, b. Sept. 12, 1746.
V I . Solomon, b. April 22, 1749 ; lived at Hebron ; d. about 1874 ; and
estate divided among three daughters : Sally, who m. Aaron
Bills; Clarissa, who rn. Simon House; and Betsey SAVORY.
VII. Thomas, b. April 6, 1751.
VIII. Mary, b. May 14, 1753.
IX. John, b. Oct. 4, 1756; d. 1804. No trace of posterity.
X. Hiram, b. Jan. 25, 1761.
THE SEVER Y AND SAVER Y FAMILY. 183
JOSEPH 3 SEVERY, JR. (Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born June 26,
1714 ; and married Susanna Stockwell, who died Jan. 14, 1762,
in her fifty-third year. He settled in that part of Sutton which
is now Millbury, and died Jan. 14, 1800.
I. Mary 4 , b. Dec. 5, 1735; d. April 15, 1758.
II. Susanna, b. Aug. 22, 1737.
III. Hannah, b. April 23, 1740; d. May 11, 1740.
IV. Hannah, b. Feb. 3, 1741.
12 V. Joseph, b. Jan 13, 1744.
VI. Eunice, b. Oct. 23, 1747 ; m. June 11, 1772, Samuel Merriman.
13 VII. David, b. March 11, 1750.
14 VIII. Jonathan, b. Feb. 16, 1754.
JOHN 3 SEVEKY(Jb*^A 2 , John 1 ), was born Feb. 25, 1730. He
lived at Ward, afterwards Auburn, Mass., and then at Lan-
caster, where he died. He married March 8, 1750, Hannah,
daughter of Edward Holman. Died May 28, 1812.
I. Sarah 4 , b. Jan. 25, 1750-1.
15 II. John, b. Aug. 25, 1752.
III. Hannah, b. May 13, 1753; d. soon.
IV. Hannah, b. May 13, 1754.
V. Rebecca, b. Nov. 25, 1755.
VI. Edward, b. Feb. 25, 1757 ; accidentally shot himself Jan. 4, 1790.
16 VII. Thomas, b. Xov. 4, 1759.
VIII. Solomon, b. Aug. 8, 1761.
IX. Lucy, b. Oct. 2, 1765.
X. Judith, b. Aug. 13, 1768.
XI. Joshua, b. May 8, 1771.
BENJAMIN 3 SEVERY (Joseph 2 , John 1 ), born at Sutton on the
old homestead of the Severys, June 21, 1731 ; married April 6,
1756, Widow Elizabeth Harwood. He died in the French War,
Aug. 17, 1758 ; and administration was granted to his widow
the same year.
17 I. Reuben 4 , b. about 1757.
184 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY.
JACOB 3 SEVERY (Joseph-, John 1 ), was born at Button, May
8, 1735 ; married April 1, 1756, Abigail, daughter of Joseph
Rhodes, of Marblehead, who Avas born March 23, 1733, and died
July 9, 1815. He lived on the farm which his father bought
at Sutton ; did considerable business in the settlement of estates
and town affairs ; was collector of taxes a long time, active in
getting up recruits in the Revolutionary War, and in providing
for their families. I compute the date of birth of his wife and
several others of the family from their ages at death as recorded
by him with great precision in the family Bible ; extracts hav-
ing been obtained for my purpose by James B. Severy, Esq., of
Colorado Springs, El Paso County, Col. He died March
23, 1826, aged nearly 91.
I. Mary 4 , b. Feb. 0, 1757; d. without issue August, 1854.
II. Jacob, b. Xov. 17, 1758; d. Oct. 1, 1780, in the Revolutionary
III. Ruth, b. Aug. 19, 1760; m. Henry King. Ch. : (1) Hemy;
(2) Asenath. Died at Dixfield, Me., April 10, 1858.
IV. Sarah, b. June 28, 1762; m. Phiueas Goodnough; d. at Newton,
near Boston, aged 85, leaving two sons, Jacob and Phineas.
18 V. Joseph Rhodes, b. March 25, 1764.
19 VI. Moody, b. Oct. 22, 1765.
VII. Thomas, b. July 21, 1767; d. Xov. 24, 1793.
20 VIII. Asa, b. April 23, 1769.
21 IX. Aaron, b. Aug. 8, 1771.
22 X. Archibald, b. June 22, 1773.
23 XI. Samuel, b. March 17, 1775.
XII. Lydia, b. July 9, 1777; d. Dec. 24, 1792.
JOHN* SEVERY (John*, John 2 , John 1 ), was born Sept. 6, 1735 ;
and married in 1764 (intentions published April 21), Thankful
Cobb, by Rev. S. Conant, and died at Middleboro in the
lifetime of his father, July 17, 1770. His widow, Oct. 20, 1774,
married David Bates.
THE SEVEKY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 185
24 I. Daniel 5 , b. 1764.
25 II. Nehemiah, b. 1769.
JOSEPH* SEVERY or SAVORY (Thomas*, John 1 , Jo/m 1 ), was
born Sept. 11, 1744; lived in Tolland, Conn. His posterity
have generally spelt their names Savory.
26 I. Ira 5 , b. Aug. 7, 1776.
II. Backus, who is said to have been a leather dealer, and died on a
second visit to Spain, about 1804.
JOSEPH 4 SEVERY (Joseph*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born Jan. 13,
1744, probably at Sutton; married Rebecca - , and had:
27 I. Joseph Emerson 5 , b. March 11, 1767, who was an only son,
and probablj r only child.
DAVID 4 SEVERY (Joseph 3 , Joseph-, John 1 ), Avas born March
11, 1750, at Sutton ; removed to Warwick, and thence to
Northfield. In the " History of Northfield " his name is given
Daniel, but the records of Warwick and Northfield have it
clearly David and fully identify him. From those records and
the history, we find that he. first married Silvia , who died
Nov. 1, 1786 ; and that June 18, 1787, he married, second, at
Northfield, Lydia Barber, of Warwick, and doubtless had other
posterity whom I am unable to trace. His first three children
were born at Warwick.
By first wife :
I. Mary 5 , b. Aug. 27, 1777.
II. Susanna, b. May 22, 17SO.
III. Silvia; b. Oct. 7, 1782.
IV. Lydia, b. May 20, 1784.
V. Sally, b. Oct. 27, 1786.
18(3 THE SEVERY AND SAVEEY FAMILY.
JONATHAN 4 SEVERY (Joseph 3 , Joseph 2 John 1 ), was born Feb.
16, 1754, probably at Button; removed to Warwick, and settled
there, and no doubt served in the Revolutionary War, and was
a pensioner ; but the tradition among his descendants at Sears-
port, Me., that he was killed in the war is erroneous, for his
death is recorded at Warwick under date Aug. 23, 1810, and
his age stated at 63 ; but either the age or the year of death is
an error in the record, which must refer to this Jonathan, for
there was then no other man of the name at Warwick or Sut-
ton. The Warwick records of this period, perhaps transcrip-
tions of the original, are notably imperfect and erroneous. The
births of his children I take from tradition, or compute from
their ages as stated in the records of their deaths. Of any daugh-
ters I know nothing.
28 I. Jonathan 5 , b. Nov. 4, 1780.
II. Elisha, b. 1783 ; d. March 6, 1843, " aged 60."
29 III. David, b. Aug. 1 or 9, 1785.
IV. Joseph, 1). late in 1786 or early in 1787; " d. March 12, 1810 r
aged 24. v
30 V. Ephraim, b. June 26, 1795.
JOHN 4 SEVERY (John 3 , Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was bom Aug. 25,
1752, and married Dec. 9, 1779, Phoebe Kendall. He was a
Revolutionary pensioner, lived at Lancaster, Mass., and died
Sept. 10, 1834, " aged 82," at the house of Windsor Brainard.
I. Edward 5 , b. Aug. 26, 1780, and perhaps others. On Nov. 28,
1813, Windsor Brainard was married to Miss Phcebe Severy r
at Lancaster, perhaps daughter of this John 4 .
THOMAS* SEVERY (John*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born Nov. 4 t
1759; and married May 26, 1780, Lucretia Kendall; settled first
THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 187
at Auburn, Mass.; removed to Vermont, and died May 23,
1847. His wife died September, 1840, in her seventy-sixth year.
I. Judith 5 , b. Nov. 5, 1781.
II. Lucretia, b. Sept. 5, 1783.
III. Phoebe, b. Xov. 14, 1785.
31 IV. Harvey, b. Aug. 7, 1789.
32 V. William, b. March 3, 1802.
REUBEN 4 SEVERY (Benjamin*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born at
Sutton, about 1757. In 1771 his uncle Jacob was appointed
his guardian. When of age he removed to Hardwick, and thence
toUxbridge, Mass. He married Lucy- .
33 I. Marshall 5 , b. March 13, 1779.
34 II. Herman or Heman, b. June 22, 1782.
III. Bosanna, b. Jan. 17, 1784.
IV. Elizabeth, b. July 18, 1787.
V. George Carroll, b. May 27, 1790. Intentions of marriage
between George Severy and Miss Chloe Wood were published
at Uxbridge, April 21, 1811.
JOSEPH RHODES 4 SEVERY (Jacob*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born
March 25, 1764 ; and married Eunice Fitts, of Oxford, Dec. 24,
1789. She is said to have had some of the blood of the
aborigines in her veins, and to have been a woman of large
physique and fabulous strength. He died in Douglas, Mass.,
aged 85. Both were much respected citizens.
I. Benjamin 5 , b. Jan. 28, 1791 ; d. 1844; no ch.
II. Arnos, b. Sept. 2, 1792; m. his cousin Abigail, dau. of Moody
Csee No. 19) ; d. Oct. 10, 1837. -
188 THE SEVER Y AND SAVER Y FAMILY.'
III. Judah, b. Jan. 16, 1794 ; ra. Huldah Griffin. Ch. : (1) Roxauna 6 ,
m . Avery. (2) Georgiana, m. Avery, a brother.
(3) Diantha, m. George Himer (3 ch.). (4) Edward, m.
Sarah Jilson (2 ch.). It was perhaps this Judah, who
with John S., about 1822. according to Miss Blackman's
" History of Susquehanna County, Penn.,'' settled at Jack
son, in that county, giving the name Savory's Corners to
a locality now called Lake View. Probably his descendants
now all spell their names Savory.
IV. Clarissa, b. Nov. 17, 1795; m. Abraham Tourtelotte. Ch. :
(1) Amos; (2) Stephen.
V. Lydia, b. May 20, 1797 ; m. M. Cutting ; 2 ch., d. ; she d. 1856.
VI. Cynthia, b. July 9, 1799.
VII. Libra, b. Feb. 17, 1803 ; m. Sarah Warren. Ch. : (1) Mary;
(2) Abigail. He d. Sept. 26, 1868.
VIII. Diantha, b. May 12, 1805; d. Dec. 3, 1806.
MOODY* SEVERY (Jacob*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born Oct. 22,
1765; married Oct. 2, 1793, Judith, daughter of Solomon Hoi-
man, of Petersham; lived and died on the old homestead at
Button. She died Dec. 28, 1840, aged 76 years 3 months and
2 days ; and he, Dec. 24, 1848.
35 I. Jacob 5 , b. Feb. 3, 1795.
II. Abigail, b. Sept. 12, 1796; m. June 4, 1827, Amos Severy ; lived
at Millbury ; no issue.
III. Willard, b. Feb. 16, 1798; m. Rhoda Hewett, of Sutton. Ch. :
Harriet Maria 6 , b. June 8, 1825; (2) Freeman; (3) Adeline;
(4) Willard; he d. July 15, 1855.
IV. Moody, b. January 18, 1800; d. Sept. 12, 1803.
V. Sally, b. Nov. 22, 1801 ; m. Kiel Day, April 18, 1844; d. Feb. 19,
VI. Moody Holman, b. July 14, 1803; m. April 25, 1843, Charlotte
Forbush, of Weshona ; d. March 27, 1874 ; no issue.
VII. Solomon, b. Feb. 12, 1805. SOLOMON 6 SEVERY, last survivor of
the family at Sutton, who m. Sept. 28, 1830, Mary B. Knapp,
and had ch. : (1) Francis Solomon 6 , b. Jan. 3, 1846, d. Aug. 14,
1846, is now also " gathered to his fathers." He d. March
21, 1886. His widow d. March 21, 1890.
ASA 4 SEVERY (Jacob*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born at Sutton,
April 23, 1769; married, 1st, May 9, 1801, Hannah Walker,
THE SEVERY AND S A VERY FAMILY. 189
of Wilton, Me., who died Sept. 6, 1820, aged 48 years 11
months and 24 days; 2d, Oct. 8, 1821, Mehitable Fitts, of
Mass., and settled in Dixfield, Oxford County, Me., as did also
his three brothers next named; died Oct. 21, 1859.
By first wife :
I. Abigail 5 , b. Jan. 9, 1802 ; m. March 27, 1823, Joshua Blake, who
d. Aug. 12, 1867. Had one ch. : Hannah S. 6 , b. April 2, 1824 ;
m. Jan. 13, 1845, Charles Marston, who d. Jan. 23, 1863. She
lives at Farmington, Me.
II. Asa, b. March 2, 1804; d. July 20, 1810.
III. Moody, b. Dec. 23, 1806; d. Jan. 13, 1813.
36 IV. William, b. April 20, 1809.
V. Hannah, b. Aug. 22, 1814; m. John H. Wait; lives at Canton.
Me. Ch. (1) Hannah Abigail 6 , b. March 25, 1848 ; d. Jan. 26
By second wife :
VI. Harriet, b. July 18, 1823; in. Amos H. Blake; d. Jan. 10, 1849;
VII. Asa, d. Dec. 26, 1824; d. April 5, 1845.
AARON 4 SEVERY (Jacob 3 , Joseph 2 , John 1 }, was born at Sutton,
according to the record made by his father in the family Bible,
Aug. 8, 1771, but elsewhere stated, apparently with authority,
Aug. 10, 1770. He married, 1st, Phoebe Tucker, of Hebron,
who died Oct. 5, 1815, aged 86; 2d, Hannah Morse, of
Dixfield, who died Dec. 7, 1862, aged 66. He died Oct. 16,
1860. The following is from the Oxford, Me., Democrat:
u In 1792, taking all he possessed on his back, he penetrated the wilderness
of Maine, to establish for himself his future home, and finally selected an
elevated, beautiful, and fertile spot, in what is now Dixfield, then an un-
broken forest. Only one pioneer had preceded him, who had just commenced
a clearing in another part of the township. Entirely alone, in the solitude of
the forest, he packed his provisions and necessaries of life, and conveyed
them, by a spotted line, from Canton Point, a distance of ten miles, to his
contemplated home. For three nights a mossy log was his only pillow,
and the leafy wilderness and the starry heavens his only covering. Soon
the log-cabin, reared by his own unaided arm, afforded him a comfortable
shelter, and this, in time, gave place to a substantial brick mansion, while
by the same strong arm those dark forests have been transformed into one
190 THE SEVER Y AND SAVERY FAMILY.
of the nogt extensive and productive farms in our county. He resided on
the same spot he first selected till his death, a period of sixty-eight years.
"For more than twenty-five years he honorably filled responsible offices
in the town of Dixfield, and throughout his protracted life he enjoyed the
confidence and respect of all who knew him. For many years before his
death he was a leading member of the Freewill Baptist Church, and an
earnest and devoted Christian. His house and his heart were always open
to the afflicted and unfortunate, and every Christian grace and manly
virtue was practically illustrated by his daily life. Notwithstanding his
great age, he retained full possession of all his faculties to the last, and
iliMl as h* had lived, in the blessed hope of immortality. 1 '
By first wife.
31 I. Aaron 5 , b. March 6, 1801.
II. Phcebe, b. Dec. 5, 1803; m. November, 1824, Nathan Holt.
Ch. : (1) Harriet Ann 6 , b. March 17, 1827; d. Oct. 5, 1845.
(2) Phoebe, b. Jan. 20, 1829; m. Nov. 17, 1853, Jesse Blanch-
ard. (3) Lucy Isabella, b. May 3, 1830; m. March 14, 1868,
Harrison Lake. (4) Abiel, b. Nov. 9, 1832; d. Dec. 3, 1846.
(5) Aaron Severy, j.^ Aug. 16, 1836; m. March 28, 1867,
Lucetta Smith. (6) Farrington, b. May 28, 1845; d. Feb.
2, 1846. She d. Nov. 16, 1884.
38 III. Charlotte,b. April 23, 1805.
39 IV. Polly, b. May 3, 1807.
40 V. Silas, b. Nov. 23, 1808.
VI. Hufus, b. Sept. 29, 1810; m. 1st, Mary Jackson, who d. Dec.
11, 1863; 2d, Mrs. Emeline B. Kendall, who d. March 2,
1876 ; he d. July 28, 1890.
VII. Alden, b. Oct. 31, 1812; d. March 6, 1814.
41 VIII. John T., b. Aug. 28, 1814.
By second wife.
IX. Charles, b. Jan 13, 1818; d. March 11, 1834.
42 X. Clarinda P., b. June 14, 1820.
XI. Alden B., b. Dec. 3, 1823 ; m. Rosella Richmond ; d. April 17, 1883.
Two children; d.
43 XII. Cyrus M., b. Oct. 28, 1831.
ARCHIBALD 4 SEVERY (JacoW, Joseph?, John 1 ), was born at Sut-
ton, June 22, 1773 ; married Feb. 17, 1805, Olive Holman, of
Petersham, who was born Nov. 11, 1784 ; settled in Dixfield, Me.
Died Feb. 4, 1856 ; she died July 9, 1882.
I. Willard 3 , b. Dec. 5, 1805; m. 1st, Sarah Reed; 2d, Joanna
Hiscock. Ch. : (I) Ebeu 6 ; (2) Leonard. Died July 2, 1870.
II. Moses Holman, b. June 21, 1807; d. Jan. 8, 1810.
THE SEVERY AND S A VERY FAMILY. 191
III. Jones, b. Nov. 11, 1808 ; d. Dec. 20, 1808.
IV. Sallie, b. Nov. 1, 1809; d. Jan. 21, 1840.
V. Betsey, b. Feb. 15, 1812.
VI. Anna, b. Jan. 4, 1815 ; m. Daniel Stimson, of Weston, Mass.
Ch. : (1) Daniel Muuroe; (2) Marshall Oliver; (3) Susan
Anna, m. and lives in Auburndale, Mass.
VII. Joel, b. Aug. 19, 1817 ; d. March 12, 1841.
VIII. Daniel, b. Oct. 10, 1819; d. Xov. 16, 1880.
IX. Harrison, b. April 9, 1821 ; d. Aug. 6, 1821.
44 X. Moses, b. April 10, 1823.
45 XI. Solomon, b. Jan. 3, 1825.
XII. Warren, b. March 3, 1827.
XIII. Matilda, b. April 17, 1829 ; umn.
XIV. Lucinda, b. Nov. 24, 1831; m. July 9, 1854, Henry P. Newton.
of Boston, Mass., who was b. Nov. 14, 1829, and d. Oct. 25,
1886. Ch. : (1) Lilla Eva 6 , b. Sept. 9, 1855; d. Oct. 4, 1856.
(2) Olive M., b. Jan. 30, 1860; m. and lives in Buffalo,
N. Y. (3) Lucia Viola, b. Feb. 18, 1862; d. Jan. 20, 1863.
(4) George H., b. Aug. 6, d. Aug. 30. 1867.
SAMUEL* SEVERY (Jacob*, Joseph-, John 1 ), was born March
17, 1775 ; and married Mercy Tucker, of Dixfield.
I. Lydia 5 .
II. Phoebe, m. Cook, and settled in Norridgewock, Me.
III. Jonas, m. Rebecca Green, of Wilton. Ch. : (1) Zilpha;
IV. Galen, m. Mary Green, of Wilton, settled in Dixfield. Ch.:
(1) Mary; (2) Amanda; (3) Belle; (4) Alon/o; (5) Nathan;
VI. Shepherd ; unm.
VII. Naomi, m. Ransom Green, of Wilton, settled at Carthage, Me.
Ch. : (1) Amanda 6 .
VIII. Amanda, m. Rev. David Allen; settled at Wilton. Ch. :
(1) Mary 8 ; (2) Mercy.
DANIEL 5 SAVERY (John 4 , John 9 , John 2 , John 1 ), of Middle-
boro, was born in 1764; and married April 22, 1794,
192 THE SEVERY AND S A VERY FAMILY.
Hnhlah Soule. He was a man of fine physique and presence,
of pungent and ready wit, and prominent in church and civic
affairs in the community where he lived. Died Sept. 21, 1836 ;
his widow, Oct. 17, 1853, aged 78 years 6 months.
I. John 6 , b. May 28, 1795; d. June 5, 1796.
46 II. Daniel, b. Jan. 22, 1797.
III. Iluldah, b. Sept. 4, 1798.
IV. William Soule, b. April 14, 1800; lost at sea in 1821.
V. Lydia, b. Dec. 25, 1801.
47 VI. Peregrine White, b. Oct. 6, 1803.
VII. Sarah Briggs, b. Aug. 18, 1805.
VIII. Betsey, b. July 14, 1812.
IX. George Simmons, b. Sept. 21, 1816; m. Nov. 27, 1847, Khoda J.
Churchill ; no ch. ; d.
And I believe two others.
NEHEMiAH 5 SAVERY (John 4 , John 5 , John 2 , John 1 ), born in)
1767, being 78 years old when he died, Jan. 20, 1846. He
married, 1st, Dec. 14, 1793, Sarah Cornish; and 2d, April 5,
1806, Deborah Swift ; and lived in the north part of the town of
Plymouth. She died Jan. 10, 1847, aged 75 years.
By first wife :
48 I. Thomas 6 , b. Dec. 24, 1796.
49 II. Xehemiah, b. May 11, 1797.
50 III. Windsor, b. Sept. 10, 1801.
By second wife :
VIII. Louisa, m. David H. Holmes; eleven ch.
XI. A son.
II:A* SAVORY (Joseph 4 , Thomas 3 , John 2 , John 1 ), was born in
Tolland County, Conn., Aug. 7, 1776; married in 1802, at
THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 193
Hebron, Conn., Lovina or Lavinia Richardson. He had removed
to Onondago County, N. Y., previous to his marriage, and re-
mained there till 1818, when he removed to Steuben County,
with his wife and family. He died Feb. 8, 1842 ; and his widow
Sept. 30, 1864, aged 83.
I. Willard 6 , d. at Buffalo, imm.
II. William, d. a child.
51 III. Walter C. , b. July 18, 1808.
52 IV, Warren W., b. 1812.
V. Willis J., b. about 1816.
VI. Harriet, m. Thomas Quigley; d. Dec. 20, 1846; had six ch.
VII. William, m. Lucy Holmes ; d. Dec. 24, 1850; had four ch.
VIII. Mary Aim, b. June 3, 1817 ; m. Asaph Cole; lives at Havana.
Had ch. : (1) Melina 7 , b. June 2, 1836; (2) Harlem, b. Nov. 7,
1837; (3) Ira, b. March 28, 1839.
53 IX. Wilbur W.
X. Fidelia, m. John W. Cuffmau; she d. Dec. 23, 1841 ; no ch.
54 XI. Washington P., b. Jan. 6, 1822.
XII. Willard, m. Melissa E. Daily; no ch.
JOSEPH EMERSON^ SEVERY (Joseph 4 , Joseph*, Joseph 1 , John 1 ),
was born March 11, 1767 ; married Miriam Stone ; lived in
Auburn, and died in 1829 ; his Avidow in 1846, in the eighty-
fifth year of her age.
55 I. Stephen 6 , b. Aug. 30, 1791.
JONATHAN 5 SEVERY or SAVERY (Jonathan*, Joseph*, Joseph 2 ,
John 1 ), was born Nov. 4, 1780, and removed from Warwick,
Mass., to Prospect, now Searsport, Me., about 1800 ; and
died there, Feb. 15, 1863. He married, about 1808, Widow
Mary Piper (maiden name Towle), of Searsport, who was born
at Laconia, N. H., April 15, 1781, and died Jan. 22, 1854.
194 THE SEVERY AND S A VERY FAMILY.
I. Maria 6 , b. July 28, 1814; m. Dec. 7 or 18, 1835, Capt. Elisha
Lamphier; and d. April 6, 1888.
II. Sarah A., b. March 12, 1819 or 1821 ; m. 1848, John Towle.
56 III. Jonathan M. , b. Oct. 7, 1824.
DAVID 5 SEVERY or SAVERY (Jonathan 4 , Joseph 3 , Joseph 2 ,
John 1 ), was born at Warwick, Mass., Aug. 1 or 9, 1785, and
moved to Barre, Vt. ; married, 1st, Mary or Polly Smith, who
died Aug. 18, 1843, aged 50; 2d, Zilpah Caswell, of Maine;
3d, Widow Asenath Claflin, maiden name Pratt, of Plainfield,
Vt. He died Aug. 29, 1871, aged, as copied from his tomb-
stone, 86 years and 28 days.
By first wife :
I. David 6 , baptized, according to the imperfect records of War-
wick, March 15. 1815, u on account of Mr. Johns who had
adopted him," but according to the entry in the family Bible
he was born Nov. 2, 1815. Has son WILLIAM P. 7 SAVORY,
living at Manchester, Va.
II. Mary, m. Isaiah Kilgore; lives in Independence, Kan.
57 III. Jonathan, b. Feb 18, 1818.
IV. Samuel, d. young.
V. William, d. young.
VI. Joseph, d. young.
58 VII. Oliver A., b. 1824.
VIII. Sarah, d.
IX. Lorinda, d.
59 X. George W., b. Aug. 5, 1839.
By second wife :
XI. Franklin C., b. Aug. 24, 1849; d. Feb. 29, 1862.
XII. Jefferson T., b. in Barre, Feb. 16, 1852; m. Jan. 7, 1873, Angle
, and had ch. : (1) Alice M. 7 , b. Nov. 12, 1878 ; (2) Flor-
ence L., b. June 21, 1887.
XIII. Jackson T., twin of Jefferson T. ; d. Feb. 29, 1862.
EPHRAIM 5 SEVERY or SAVERY (Jonathan 4 , Joseph 3 , Joseph?,
John 1 ), was born June 26. 1795; and married Jan. 19, 1824,
Mary Ellis. He served in the War of 1812; was brought
THE SEVER Y AND SAVERY FAMILY. 195
up at Warwick, Mass. ; moved, about 1829, to Vermont, and
settled at Clarendon Springs about 1835. His wife died Nov.
26, 1872 ; and he Oct. 11, 18T4.
I. Nancy I,. 6 , b. Oct. 18, 1824; d. March 25, 1890; unm.
II. Mary E., b. Nov. 9, 1825; unm.
III. Harriet U., b. June 18, 1827 ; m. Lyman Taylor.
IV. Lucy A., b. June 8, 1828; m. 1st, June 12, 1853, Charles Ellis;
2d, Lucian Winslow.
60 V. Aaron A., b. June 2, 1829.
VI. Sarah J., b. Aug. 31, 1831 ; m. 1869, John Kershaw.
61 VII. William Jonathan, b. Sept. 4, 1833,.
62 VIII. George W., b. May 24, 1835.
IX. John H., b. April 15,1837; killed at Yorktown, Va., in the
Civil War, April 18, 1862.
X. Martha E., b. June 20, 1841 ; m. Aug. 4, 1873, Charles E. Jen-
nings. Ch. : (1) Frank B. 7 , b. Aug. 8, 1874. She d. March
31, 1885. .
HARVEY 5 SEVELIY (Thomas 4 , John*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was bom
Aug. 7, 1789 ; and married Lydia Whitney, of Westminster,
and died April 12, 1878. She died Oct. 12, 1871.
I. Phoebe 6 , b. Feb. 17, 1810; in. 1849, Lyman Cotton.
63 IF. Jehiel, b. Aug. 17, 1811.
III. Betsy, b. Dec. 22, 1813; m. March 18, 137, George Raymond;
d. May 1, 1887. Has son C. S. Raymond at Omaha, Neb.
IV. Kendall, b. Feb. 17, 1816; in. Phoebe Graves; left son Walter 7
living at Warren, Vt., perhaps others.
VI. Celinda, b. June 4, 1S20; m. Leonard Percival.
64 VII. William, b. May 1, 1822.
VIII. Mary, b. July 24, 1824; m. Orrell Towne, June 26, 1845.
IX. Diana, b. Nov. 12, 1826; m. Charles Fiilley.
X. Amos, b. June 18, 1829; m. Dec. 22, 1861, Lucy E. Howard.
Ch. : (1) Eugene W. 7 , b. Dec. 31, 1862; d. young. (2) Laura
K. J., b. Sept. 30, 1865 ; m. Joseph St. John. (3) Carrie H.,
b. June 13, 1870.
WiLLiAM 5 SEVER Y or SAVERY (Thomas*, John*, Joseph 2 ,
John 1 ), was born March 3, 1802 ; married Polly Tuttle, who
196 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY.
died Aug. 18, 1858, in the fifty-eighth year of her age. He
died Dec. 13, 1864.
I. Eliza Ann 6 , b. Dec. 1, 1823; m. Peter J. M. Powell; d. Oct. 23,
II. Charlotte, b. Sept. 30, 1826 ; m. Joel Newton.
65 III. William Franklin, b. Nov. 12, 1834.
MARSHALL 5 SEVER Y (Reuben*, Benjamin 3 , Joseph 2 , John 1 ),
was born at Uxbridge, Mass., March 13, 1779 ; settled at Wel-
lington and died there. 'He married Chloe .
I. Elias 6 , b. Aug. 4, 1803; only child; in. and had children, some
b. in Union, Conn., some in Chaplin: (1) Eunice Emeline 7 ,
b. May 24, 1825 ; in. Studley, of Warren, Mass. (2) Wil-
liam Clark, b. March 25, 1829; d. March 11, 1830. (3) Mar-
tha A., b. July 10, 1846; m. South worth. (4) Elvira.
(5) Henry, a promising young man who d. just after
completing his preparation for the ministry. Elvira 7 m.
Freeman Severy, son of Levi 6 , below. Elias finally re-
moved to Warren, Mass.
HERMAN 5 or HEMAX SEVERY (Reuben*, Benjamin*, Joseph**,
John 1 ), was born at Uxbridge, Mass., June 22, 1782 ; and
removed to Union, Conn., where he died. He married Je-
mima - I am not sure whether Herman or Heman was the
name, nor as to the date of his death.
I. Levi 6 , b. March 15, 1804. By wife Sophia had ch. : (1) Har-
riet 7 , b. March 25, 1829; (2) Betsy, m. Sheldon;
(3) Freeman, m. Elvira 7 , daughter of Elias 6 Severy, above;
(4) Miranda; (5) George.
66 II. Elijah, b. March 17, 1806.
III. Lucy, b. July 12, 1808; m. Mr. Corbin, and lives with son
Windsor 7 Corbin at Dudley, Mass. A daughter, Mrs. Silvia 7
Marsh, lives at Webster, Mass.
IV. Harriet, b. Jan. 17, 1810; d. in infancy.
V. Reuben, b. March 5, 1812.
VI. Fanny, b. Oct. 13, 1816; d. in infancy.
THE SEVER Y AND SAVER Y FAMILY. 197
JACOB 5 SEVERY (Moody^, Jacob*, Joseph 2 , John 1 }, was born Feb.
3, 1795, at Button; and married, 1st, Jan. 25, 1819, Rebecca
Stevens, of Charlton, Mass. ; and, like his uncles Aaron, Asa,
Archibald, and Samuel, settled in Dixfield, Me. ; she died Feb.
11, 1832; and he married, 2d, Oct. 28, 1832, Mary Walker, of
Milton, Me. He died at Mt. Vernon, Me., Aug. 15, 1877.
By first wife :
67 I. Dexter 6 , b. March 2, 1820.
II. Satira, b. June 16, 1822 ; m. Henry J. Dakiii, of Jay, Me. ; set-
tled in Millbury, Mass. ; d. April 27, 1871 ; 110 children.
III. Hiram, b. Aug. 15, 1826; m. Jane E. Wallace, of Illinois; no
children; lives at Aurora, 111.
IV. John Moody, b. Xov. 4, 1829; m. Sarah Hubbard, of Dixfield;
settled in Illinois; one child, Frances E. 7 ; lives at Sand-
By second wife :
V. Charles Harrison, b. Feb. 16, 1838; d. Jan. 25, 1839.
VI. Charles Henry, b. May 26, 1840; m. Dec. 25, 1862, Anna C.
Morse, of Dixfield; settled in Mt. Vernon, Me. Ch. : (1)
Fred. W. 7 , b. Feb. 6, 1864; (2) Lena \V., b. Dec. 12, 1867;
(3) Morris H.
VII. Frances Helena, b. Jan. 6, 1842 ; m. Valorous White, of Jay, Me.
VIII. Marshall Harrison, b. Oct. 16, 1845; m. Oct. 5, 1868, Clara A.
Eastman, of Danforth, 111. ; settled in Oilman, 111. Ch. :
(1) Cora Belle 7 , b. Sept, 7, 1869.
WiLLiAM 5 SEVERY (J.sa 4 , Jacob*, Joseph*, John 1 ), was born at
Dixfield, -Me., April 20, 1809 ; married June 25, 1834, Hester
Ann Blake, of Phillips, Me., who was born Oct. 5, 1868.
Removed to Farmington in 1863. She died Sept. 22, 1881;
he died Feb. 24, 1873.
68 I. James B. 6 , b. June 29, 1840.
AARON 5 SEVERY ( Aaron 4 , Jacob*, Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born at
Dixfield, Me., March 6, 1801; married, 1st, at Dixfield, April
198 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY.
27, 1823, Hannah Eustis, who was born at Chelsea, Mass.,
March 14, 1802, and died March 30, 1833 ; 2d, at Wilton,
Oct. 16, 1833, Anna Colburn, who was born at Tamworth,
N. H., May 27, 1811, and died at Dixfield, Feb. 18, 1885; he
died Dec. 30, 1863.
By first wife :
I. Leonora 6 , b. Jsin. 9, 1824; d. May 5, 1844.
II. Minerva, b. April 23, 1825.
III. Orlando, b. April 6, 1827.
IV. Byron, b. April 29, 1830; d. July 24, 1830.
V. Mary, b. Nov. 5, 1831.
By second wife :
VI. Wallace F., b. Nov. 15, 1835.
VII. Ransom, b. Aug. 30, 1837; d. at Stratford, N. H., April 24,
VIII. Charles A., b. Aug. 29, 1S39.
IX. William II. II., b. Feb. '2Z, 1841.
X. Leonora, b. Sept. 16, 1843 ;'m. in Boston, and d. Dec. 4, 1876.
XI. Clarence H., b. July 9, 1845; m. January, 1867, at Carthage,
Me., Mahala Tucker.
XII. Lucy A., b. July 27, 1848; ra. Sept. 7, 1864, John Casey; d.
Aug. 8, 1874.
CHARLOTTE 5 SEVERY (Aaron*, Jacob 3 , Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was
born at Dixfield, April 23, 1805 ; and married Jan. 2, 1827,
Rev. Waldron Morse, Jr. ; and died May 5, 1892. He was born
Jan. 27, 1803 ; died Jan. 18, 1878.
I. Koxana", b. June 1,1828; m. Daniel Safford ; d. June 4,1890.
II. Lucy Ann, b. Aug. 11 , 1829 ; d. May 15, 1849.
III. Miriam, b. May 16, 1831; m. Gilbert Allen, Milton, Me.
IV. Hannah, b. March 26, 1833 ; m. Ira Russell, of Lewiston, Me.
V. Silas Curtis, b. March 30, 1835; m. 1st, Abbie Maxwell;
2d, July Casey. Is postmaster at South Carthage.
VI. Lorena, b. Jan. 10, 1837; m. Dwinall.
VII. Philona, b. Jan. 27, 1803; m. Potter; d. Jan. 21, 1864.
VIII. Abbie C., b. April 14, 1848. Was for several years one of the
superintending school committee of Carthage, Me.
POLLY 5 SEVERY (Aaron*, Jacob 3 , Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born
THE SEVER Y AND S AVERT FAMILY. 199
May 3, 1807 ; and married March 31, 1837, Herman Holt; and
died Dec. 19, 1887. He died Aug. 10, 1868. They were
among the founders of the Freewill Baptist church at Weld,
Me., where they resided.
I. Hannah E. 6 , b. March 20, 1839; d. Nov. 14, 1864.
IT. Annie D., b. Qct. 6, 1843. ANNIE D. 6 m. Oct. 13, 1868,
FRANK P. BAKER. Ch. : (1) Frank H. 7 , b. Dec. 4, 1869.
(2) Fred H., b. Jan. 2, 1873; d. Sept. 2, 1873.
SiLAS 5 SEVERY (Aarotf, Jacob 3 , Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born at
Dixfield, Nov. 23, 1808 ; married, 1st, June 14, 1832, Lucinda
M. Walker, of Wilton, Me., who died Nov. 14, 1835 ; 2d,
April 6, 1837, Betsy P. Gould, of the same place, who died
Dec. 7, 1856 ; 3d, Aug. 12, 1857, Clara Holt, who survived him
till Dec. 12, 1886. He died at Monson, Mass., June 26, 1885.
By first wife :
I. Melissa 6 , b. April 28, 1834; m. 1st, March 21, 1852, George Gor-
don Byron Adams, who d. Oct. 27, 1865. Ch. : (1) Edgar
Silas 7 , b. June 11, 1854; d. Feb. 1, 1855; (2) Walter Scott, b.
April 25, 1855 ; (3) Ida Jessie, b. Feb. 7, 1857 ; (4) Lester
Wiufield, b. Sept. 25, 1859; (5) Nellie Adeste, b. Sept. 8,
1861; all m. 2nd, March 31, 1870, Harvey Kenney; no
By second wife :
II. Benjamin Franklin, b. April 15, 1839; m. Xov. 6, 1860, Fanny
E. Cross. Ch. : (1) George Lester 7 , b. May 5. 1862 ; (2) Mary
Betsy, b. Nov. 26, 1867; (3) James Enoch, b. Jan. 8,1885.
III. George Mellin, b. June 22, 1842; m. Oct. 24, 1866, Martha M.
Pease. Ch. : (1) William Gould 7 , b. May 27, 1867; (2) Edith
Louise, b. March 31, 1869; (3) Frank Edwin, b. Dec. 5,
1871 ; (4) Arthur Mellin, b. July 9, 1878. He resides at
IV. Elizabeth Ann, b. Oct. 14. 1846; d. Sept. 15, 1874.
V. Julia Gould, b. Dec. 18, 1848 ; m. Oct. 30. 1880, William Wallace
Gleason. Ch. : (1) Frank Hubbard 7 , b. Dec. 28, 1881 ; re-
sides at Cheyenne, X. Y.
By third wife :
VI. Everett Holt, b. June 9, 1859. EVERETT H. 6 SEVERY resides
and carries on business at Lytfn, Mass.
VII. Clara Belle, b. Oct. 16, 1864; d. Oct. 21, 1S86.
200 THE SEVERY AND S A VERY FAMILY.
JOHN T. 5 SEVERY (Aaron*, Jacob*, Joseph 1 , John 1 ), was born
at Dixfield, Me., Aug. 28, 1814 ; married Mary P. Gould, of
Wilton, Me. Lived at Dixfield, but died in Springfield, Mass.,
Dec. 5, 1887. She died in Dixfield in 1865. He held many
offices in Dixfield, selectman, deputy sheriff of Oxford and
Franklin Counties, etc.
I. Emery F. 6 , b. December, 1843; now living in Boston; m. and
has one dau.
II. James E., b. May 15, 1845. JAMES E. 6 SEVERY m. December,
1870, Mary L. Newman, of Baugor, Me. Resides at Spring-
field, Mass. No ch.
III. Helen J., b. Dec. 25, 1847; m. Isaac Hancock; lives in "Boston,
Ch. : Two sons.
IV. Lucy A. A., b. 1849; m. W. H. Boulter; lives in West Buxton,
Me. Ch. : Two sons and one daughter living.
V. John E., b. June, 1852.
Besides two daughters who d. young.
CLARIXDA P. 5 SEVERY (Aaron*, Jacotf, Joseph, John 1 ), was
born June 14, 1820; and married Aug. 13, 1840, Frederic
P. Butterfield, of Wilton, Me. She died May 26, 1892.
I. Celestia L. 6 , b. Sept. 3, 1841 ; d. April 10, 1863.
II. Clara K., b. July 25, 1845 ; d. Sept. 22, 1848.
III. Frederic H., b. July 25, 1850; m. July 4, 1874, Nanna M.
Rollins, of Hopkintou, N. H. ; is supervisor of music in the
public schools, New Bedford, Mass. Ch. : (1) Walter H. 7 ,
b. Dec. 9, 1875; (2) George, b. Nov. 8, 1886.
IV. Gideon P., b. Nov. 29, 1852 ; m. Nov. 26, 1874, Mabel J. Smith,
of Dixfield, Me., and is postmaster of Dixfield. Ch. :
(1) Celestia M. 7 , b. June 2, 1875. (2) Charles A., b. Aug.
21, 1876. (3) Lillian, b. Feb. 8, 1880. (4) Ethel, b. Dec. 3,
1881. (5) Fred, b. Feb. 16, 1885 ; d. May 20, 1885.
V. Clara E., b. Jan. 16, 1856.
VI. Edith A., b. Nov. 29, 1860.
CYRUS M. 5 SEVERY (Aaron 4 , ' JacoW, Joseph 2 , John 1 }, was
born at Dixfield, Oct. 28, 1831 ; married Feb. 22, 1857, Delona
UEV. GEORGE W. SAVORY.
THE SEVERY AND S A VERY FAMILY. 201
Eastman, of Canton, Me., who died 'Oct. 19, 1878 ; he settled
in Danforth, 111., and removed afterwards to Glenada, Ore.,
where, I believe, he now lives, the last surviving son of Aaron
Severy, Sr., of Dixfield. His wife died Oct. 19, 1878.
I. Ernest 6 , b. Nov. 29, 1859. ERNEST SEVERY is un attorney and
couusellor-at-law in Chicago.
II. Walter, h. Aug. IS, 1861 ; d. May 4, 1805.
III. Lettie Butterfield, b. Feb. 10, 1865.
IV. Drew, b. Aug. 16. 1868.
V. Delona, h. Sept. 23, 1873.
MosES 5 SEVERY (Archibald 4 , Jacob*, Joseph*, John 1 ), was born
April 10, 1823; married Margaret J. Baxter, of Boston, Mass.,
and lives in Stockton, Cal. Real-estate agent.
Besides several deceased.
I. Fred Albert 6 .
II. Frank Warren.
III. Annie L.
SOLOMON 5 SEVERY (Archibald*, Jacob*, Joseph-, John 1 ), was
born Jan. 3, 1825 ; m. Oct. 19,1850, Carrie P. Babb. Now liv-
ing at Boston, Mass.
I. Elmer A. 6 , b. April 10, 1852 ; d. Feb. 14, 1872.
II. Clarence E., b. Oct. 14, 1853; d. Nov. 27, 1867.
III. Henry F., b. April 30, 1855; d. Sept. 6, 1858.
IV. Leon F., b. March 7, 1860 ; m. Feb. 22, 1888, Georgie Annie Hix-
son, of Boston. Ch. : (1) Vera 6 , b. Dec. 10, 1889 ; d. same
day. (2) Leila Pen-in, b. March 14, 1891.
V. Lillian V., b. July 11, 1861.
VI. Melvin L., b. Aug. 5, 1863 ; m. November, 1884, Mina Howard.
Ch. : (1) Enid May 7 , b. July 6, 1887 ; (2) a son, b. March 12,
202 THE SEVER Y AND SAVEKY FAMILY.
DANIEL 6 S A VERY (Daniel 5 , John*, John*, John 2 , John 1 ), of
Middleboro, was born Jan. 22, 1797 ; married, 1st, Sept. 19,
1824, Elizabeth Vaughan, who died Nov. 13, 1825; 2d, Jan.
9, 1832, Lydia Morton. He died Feb. 2, 1869.
By first wife :
I. Elizabeth 7 , b. July 9, 1825.
By second wife :
II. Priscilla Morton, b. Dec. 4, 1833 ; d. Dec. 26, 1833.
III. Daniel Morton, b. May 16, 1839. DANIEL MORTON 5 SAVERY
m. Dec. 30, 1860, Rosetta Y. Wood, of New Bedford,
'Mass. ; now lives in Xevv York City. No ch.
PEREGRINE WHITE 6 SAVERY (Daniel?, John*, John 3 , John 2 ,
-/0/m 1 ), was born Oct. 6, 1803 ; married Mary Drew Cobb,
daughter of Ebenezer Cobb ; lived on the old"Savery farm"
at Middleboro: and died Jan. 8, 1881. She died Oct. 28,
1881, aged 76 years and 11 months.
I. Mary Drew 7 , b. July 7, 1835; m. Sept. 3, 1871, Nathan B.
Maxim. Ch. : (1) Ernest D. 8 ;d. in infancy. (2) Phoebe
A., b. Nov. 10, 1875.
II. Phoebe Ann, b. Oct. 10, 1837; d. unm. Aug. 28, 1870.
III. Luther Wright, b. Dec. 31, 1839; m. Sept. 28. 1881, Alice
I. Churchill, daughter of James and Rebecca Churchill, of
Carver; d. Oct. 25,1886.
69 IV. Albert T., b. March 16, 1842.
THOMAS 6 SAVERY (Nehemiatf, John 4 , John*, John 2 , John 1 ),
was born Dec. 24, 1796; married April 22, 1821, Penelope,
daughter of John Swift. He died 1856 ; she died March
28, 1876, aged 75.
I. Everett Williams 7 , b. April 12, 1822; unm.
70 II Albert Allen, b. July 28, 1824.
THE SEVER Y AND SAVERY FAMIL1. 203
III. Harriet Richmond, b. Aug. 28, 1830; m. Rowland.
IV. Eliza Jane, I). Dec. 26, 1835.
NEHEMIAH 6 SAVERY (Nehemiatf, John*, John*, John 2 , John 1 ),
was born May 11,' 1797; married Oct. 20, 1841, Phoebe C.,
daughter of William Stephens, who died May 30, 1876, aged
63 years 2 months 28 days. He died May 22, 1877.
I. Nehemiah Lewis 7 , b. July 17, 1842; m. Dec. 25, 1867, Welthea
E. Cobh; one son, Charles Lewis 7 , b. Oct. 15, 1868.
II. Sarah C., b. Oct. 24, 1843 ; m. Dec. 10, 1874, Edw. J. Thompson.
III. Esther S., b. 1847; m. May 1, 1871, Alex. J. Harriett.
IV. Irene F., b. July 4, 1848 ; m. March 8, 1869, William F. Peterson.
V. Mary S., b. July 8, 1850; d. Nov. 15, 1856.
VI. John, b. Nov. 8, 1852; d. Feb. 7, 1853.
VII. James E., b. May 24, 1854.
VIII. Emeline, b. Aug. 29, 1855 ; d. July 14, same year.
WiNSOR 6 SAVERY (Nehemiah^, John 4 , Jolin\ John-, John 1 ),
was born Sept, 10, 1801 ; married Aug. 29, 1836, Fannie G.,
widow of Thomas 7 Savery (Thomas 6 , William 5 , Thomas 4 ,
Thomas 3 , Samuel' 2 , Thomas 1 ), maiden name Smith ; died April,
I. Winsor Thomas 7 , b. Feb. 2, 1845; m. March 8, 1869, Alinira
F. Cobb. Has one son, Robert Windsor 8 , b. June 10, 1871.
II. Sarah Cornish, b. April 19, 1848; m. November, 1866, Elisha
T. Nelson, and had one child, Elisha T. 8 , b. Dec. 30, 1869;
d. Jan. 1, 1870. She d. May 14, 1871.
WALTER C. 6 SAVORY (Ira?, Joseph*, Thomaz\ John 2 , John 1 ),
was born July 18, 1808, in Marcellus, Onondaga County, New
York ; married Minerva Baker, of Mill Creek, Tioga County,
Penn., who was born Oct. 3, 1818. Now living at Beaver Dam,
Schuyler County, N. Y.
I. Susan 7 , b. at Port Creek, Chemung County, New York.
204 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY.
III. Ira. b. Aug. 24. 1843, at Hornby, Steubeu County, New York;
in. Jan. 1, 1866, Cynthia A. Sickles, of Orange, Schuyler
WARREN W. SAVORY (Ircf\ Joseph*, Thomas*, John*, John 1 ),
was born in 1812; and married about 1843, Miss Fidelia
Perego. Lived for a while in Elgin, in 1889 in Joliet, 111., and
now, I think, in Missouri.
I. Mary K. 7 , b. about 1845; in. George C. Grant.
II. Hattie C., b. about 1846; m. John Bouham.
III. Willard W.
IV. Walter M., b. about 1854.
V. Lulu 15., b. about 1864.
WILBUR W." SAVORY (Ira 5 , "Joseph*, Thomas 9 , John-, John 1 ),
was born at Catlin, Steuben County, New York; married, 1st,
Rachel Baker, who died July 14, 1852 ; he married, 2d, Aug.
10, 1858, Delphene Laurette, who was born Aug. 10, 1840,
daughter of Keuel 7 Cogswell and Eliza Mead, descended from
John 1 Cogswell, the ancestor of the distinguished family of
Cogswell of the United States and Nova Scotia, through Wil-
liam' 2 , William 3 , Edward 4 , Samuel 5 , Edward 6 . (See Cogswell
I. Fidelia 7 , b. Xov. 11, 1841 ; d. March 11, 1851.
II. Frank, b. June 1, 1843; d. March 21, 1869, from a disease con-
tracted in the army, having been with Gen. Sherman in
his great march through Georgia.
III. Charles, b. Jan. 21, 1846.
IV. Man- Ann, b. Nov. 21, 1848.
V. Cornelia, b. Aug. 20, 1851 ; m. James Whitford. Ch. : (1) Dil-
lie; (2) Celia.
WASHINGTON P. 6 SAVORY (7m 5 , Joseph 4 , Thomas*, John 2 ,
John 1 }, was born in the town of Camelin, Jan. 6, 1822 ; married
THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY.
1843, Sarah Caff man, of Dryden, Tompkins County, New
York, who was born Aug. 15, 1818, and lives at Kendall Sta-
tion, Chemung County, New York.
I. Francis A. 7 , b. April 6, 1847 ; m. A. C. Place. Ch. : (1) Blanche
M. s ,b. July 25,1871.
II. Marvin L., b. April 30, ISoO; in. Feb. 18, 1882, Lillian B. Little-
hale. Ch. : (1) Edwin Victor.
III. Adra O., b. Aug. 19, 1854; m. 1870, B. F. Mead, a native of
Port Dover, Norfolk County, Canada West. Ch. : (1) Myrtie
Belle, b. July 15, 1871 ; d. Oct. 11, 1871. (2) William A., b.
Feb. 9, 1873; (3) Mary E., b. July 8, 1876; (4) Frank, b.
April 9. 1878; (5) Alpha D., b. Nov. 11, 1880, at Buffalo.
IV. Rosealtha D., b. Jan. 2, 1856*; m. 1871, William H. Christian,
who was born in 1848. Ch. : (1) Lowell V. 8 , b. Oct. 3, 1873 ;
(2) Maude E., b. Feb. 3, 1875; (3) Grace M., b. Jan. 9. 1878;
(4) Lillian B., b. June 22, 1881.
STEPHEN 6 SAVARY (Joseph Emerson\ Joseph*, Joseph\ Joseph-,
John 1 ), was born Aug. 30, 1791; and married (intentions pub-
lished Oct. 5, 1816) Daphne Hall, who was born June 23, 1800.
By the advice of his preceptor in the Lancaster Academy,
where he was educated, he was led to change the spelling of
the name to Savary. He died July 29, 1868 ; and his widow
followed him July 30, 1883. The sketch of the life, times, and
character of this lady by her son John is a most interesting
paper, and deserves perpetual preservation by her descend-
ants. She was of the " best type " of the New England matron
of a past generation, belonging to " that great army of brave
and silent workers who made the New England of to-day."
I. Nancy 7 , b. June 16, 1817 ; m. S. Baker ; had three sons, of whom
two survive : Henry 8 and George.
II. Louisa, b. March 27, 1820; m. Jan. 1, J844, George Darling.
Ch. : (1) Jacob W. 8 , b. Oct. 8, 1844; d. ; (2) Eugene, b.
March 29, 1846. (3) Jerome A., b. May 24, 1848. (4) Ruth
M., b. Feb. 26,1850; d. 1876.,
* There is some uncertainty about this date.
206 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY.
HI. Miriam Stone, b. April 15,1823; m. November, 1842, Sanford
A. Inmari, of Burrillville, E. I. ; d. Jan. 7, 1859.
71 IV. Stephen Augustus, b. Oct. 19, 1825.
V. Joseph Emerson, b. April 17, 1827. JOSEPH E. 7 SAVARY m.
October, 1882, LydiaJ., dau. of Jonathan Ross, of Effington,
X. H., widow of Benjamin Stillings; has lived in Palmyra,
X. Y., and a long time in California at the time of the gold-
mining pioneers; now and for some time in Boston in
railroad business. Xo children.
72 VI. John, b. Xov. 4, 1832.
JONATHAN M. 6 SAVORY (Jonathan?, Jonathan*, Joseph*,
Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born Oct. 7, 1824; married Oct. 25, 1854,
Olivia Sleeper. Lived at Searsport, Me., where he died, highly
respected, Oct. 25, 1891, " after a long and lingering illness."
I. Mary G. 7 , b. Sept. 13, 1S55*.
II. Fred. M., b. Feb. 7, 1857; m. Oct. 25, 1879, Etta Piper.
III. Edwin L., b. Dec. 10, 1861; rn. D^c. 16, 1882, Caddie Mason.
Ch. : (1) Maude E. 8 , b. Jan. 14, 1885; (2) Hervey H., b.
March 28, 1889.
IV. Janes, b. March 15, 1863; m. Sept. 20, 1885, Elden Harriman.
Ch. : (1) Olivia s , b. Oct. 20, 1887.
JONATHAN 6 SAVORY (David b , Jonathan 4 , Joseph*, Joseph*,
John 1 ), was born Feb. 18, 1818; and married at Westfield,
Mass., Dec. 31, 1848, Miss Almeda C. Morrison. Resides at
I. Ida S. 7 , b. April 12, 1850 ; d. 1853.
II. Belle J., b. July 7, 1852.
III. David W., b. Feb. 7, 1854. DAVID W. 7 SAVORY married Miss
Frank Sprague, of Cedar Springs, Mich., and has ch. :
(1) Vertie M. 8 ; (2) JohnO.; (3) Jennie C. ; (4) Leona.
IV. Charles P., b. Xov. 24, 1867.*
V. Flora M., b. Feb. 8, 1870.*
* There may be an error in these dates; 1857 and 18(50 seem more provable.
THE SEVERY AND SAYERY FAMILY. 207
OLIVER A. 6 SAVORY (David 5 , Jonathan 4 , Joseph Joseph-,
John 1 ), born in 1824, lives at Manchester, Chesterfield County,
Va , and has
I. Orvis W. 7 , b. Sept. 4, 1851.
II. Edgar A., b. Dec. 15, 1853.
III. Sarah L., b. Feb. 5, 1856.
IV. Ida B., b. Aug. 16, 1858 ; d. Dee. 17, 1S64.
V. Winfleld C., b. July 25, 1861 ; d. Dee. 6, 1860.
VI. Mary Frances, b. April 3, 1864.
VII. Walter Lee, b. Dec. 13, 1866.
VIII. Nolan C., b. March 18, 1867.
IX. Ethel F., b. Xov. 12, 1872.
GEORGE W. 6 SAVORY (David*, Jonathan 4 , Joseptf, Joseph 2 ,
John 1 ), was born Aug. 5, 1839 ; and married Flora Blanche, of
Barre, Vt., and lives at Williamstown, Vt.
I. Leslie G. 7 , b. Aug. 12, 1869.
II. Willie L., b. May 12. 1872; d. Sept. 16, 1876.
III. Mabel T., b. Nov. 4, 1876.
IV. Mary B., b. May 15, 1879.
V. Vernon B., b. Sept. 17, 1882.
AARON A. c SAVERY (Ephraim\ Jonathan*, Joseph*, Joseph 2 ,
John 1 ), was born June 2, 1829. Lived at Clarendon Springs,
Vt., till 1859, when he removed to Topeka, Kansas, but re-
turned to Vermont. Married April 14, 1861, Almira P.
Cheney. He served in the llth Vermont Volunteers during
the Civil War, and was honorably discharged Aug. 25, 1865.
Then settled first at Rutland, then moved to Danby, and finally
to Proctor, Vt., where he died March 10, 1892. His wife died
at Danby, July 13, 1889.
I. Helen C. 7 , b. Aug. 19, 1866; d. September, 1867.
208 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY.
II. Franklin A., b. July 11, 1868. FRANKLIN A. 7 SAVERY resides
and carries on business at Centre Rutland, Vt. ; m. May
19, 1891, Harriet M. Gee.
III. Martha A., b. Sept. 25, 1871.
WILLIAM JONATHAN 6 SAVERY (Ephramf, Jonathan*, Jo-
seph*, Joseph' 2 , John 1 ), was born Sept. 4, 1833 ; and married
Sept. 22, 1859, Margaret A. Harrison. Resides at Cuttings-
I. Xancy E. 7 , b. June 28, 1861 ; m. April 24, 1877, Levi J. Taylor.
II. Jennie B., b. March 11, 1863; m. May 30, 1887, Winslow K.
III. Lillic M., b. Aug. 18, 1865 ; d. April 4, 1866.
IV. Belle C., b. Feb. 25, 1867.
V. William II., b. April 18, 1869.
VI. Martha L., b. Oct. 1, 1871.
VII. Emma C., b. June 30, 1875.
VIII. Bertha B., b. July 7, 1877; d. Jan. 31, 1879.
IX. Harrison B., b. Aug. 4, 1883.
GEORGE W. 6 SAVERY (Ephraim*, Jonathan*, Joseph?, Joseph 2 ,
J0W),* was born May 24, 1835 ; anc l married Nov. 26, 1860,
Diana L. Pratt. Resides at Wallingford, Vt.
I. Mary M. 7 , b. Xov. 19, 1861 ; m. May 12, 1886, Sheridan E. Cong
don. Ch. : (1) Harold W. 8 , b. Oct. 21, 1889.
II. John H., b. Sept. 1, 1863 ; m. Aug. 26, 1882, EmmaL. Patterson.
Ch. : (1) George H. 8 , b. July 12, 1886. JOHN H. 7 SAVERY
resides at Cambridge, N. Y.
III. Herbert G. , b. July 25, 1865. HERBERT G. 7 SAVERY resides at
IV. Luella L., b. Aug. 17, 1867 ; d. Dec. 21, 1870.
JEHIEL 6 SEVERY (Harvey b , Thomas*, John 8 , Joseph 2 , John 1 ),
was born Aug. 17, 1811 ; married 1853, Eliza Field; and died
April 23, 1870.
THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 209
I. Frank B. 7 , b. Nov. 8, 1854.
II. Maggie E.. b. June 6, 1856.
III. Martha N., b. Aug . 14, 1858 ; d. Jan. 26, 1862.
WILLIAM 6 SEVERY or SAVERY (Harvetf*, Thomas*, John 3 ,
Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born May 1, 1822; and married Jan. 24,
1847, Eliza Wetmore.
I. Orrel 7 , b. April 3, 1848; m. 1st, Oct. 21, 1869, Lydia Shedd,
who d. June, 1881. Ch. : (1) Emma O. 8 , b. April 5,1876:
m. 2d, Aug. 30, 1881, Ida M. Churchill. Ch. : (2) Walter, b.
Oct. 1, 1882; (3) Balph, b. May 2, 1886.
II. Leslie, b. Jan. 10, 1850; m. March 11, 1874, Olive Gilbert. Ch. :
(1) Myrtle 8 , b. Aug. 15, 1877 ; (2) Harold, b. March 6, 1885 ;
III. Maria, b. Aug. 26, 1851 ; m. Sept. 29, 1869, N. S. Capen.
IV. George, b. Nov. 26, 1853 ; m. Dec. 24, 1876, Aggie Baker. Ch. :
(1) Lewis W. 8 , b. Dec. 22, 1877; (2) Bessie F., b. June
3, 1881; (3) Elva G., b. May 4, 1885; (4) Hazel, b. Aug.
V. Joseph, b. Aug. 26. 1855.
VI. Ida. b. July 24, 1857; m. Sept. 17, 1879, Ford Capen.
VII. Judson, b. Jan. 15, 1859; m. Jan. 5, 1885, Linnie Wheeler.
VIII. Eva, b. May 19, 1861 ; m. May 30, 1879, Herbert Baker.
IX. Addie, b. Jan. 5, 1863 ; m. Nov. 20, 1888, Thomas W. Wood.
X. Harry, b. Jan. 28, 1864; d. Sept. 18, 1865.
XI. William, b. Dec. 4, 1866.
XII. Bertha, b. Aug. 3, 1870; m. Nov. 28, 1888, Lewis Mason.
WILLIAM FRANKLIN^ SAVERY ( William*, Thomas 4 , Johri\
Joseph 2 , John 1 ), was born Nov. 12, 1834 ; married Sept. 8, 1853,
Fanny R. Kingsley ; died Nov. 16, 1885.
I. Ernest A. 7 , b. Dec, 26, 1854; m. Dec. 29, 1880, Cora M. Thomas,
who d. Dec. 14, 1886. Ch. : (1) Fred. 8 , b. Aug. 2, 1884; d.
Dec. 13. 1886 : m. 2d, Hattie M. Sawyer.
II. Florence E., b. June 19, 1857 ; m. Frank H. Welch.
210 THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY.
III. Charles E., b. May 14, 1861. CHARLES E. 7 SAVERY m. April
14, 1887, Edith M. Parker. Resides and carries on mercantile
business in Brandon, Vt.
IV. Chet K., b. June 28, 1869; m. May 12, 1891, Mary J. Parker.
Ch. : (1) Marjorie A. 8 , b. March 27, 1892.
ELIJAH 6 SEVERY (Herman* or Heman, Reuben*, Benjamin*,
Joseph*, John 1 ), was born March 17, 1806 ; was a farmer; mar-
ried Polly Lilley; died at Union, Conn., 1875.
I. Fidelia 7 , b. Dec. 4, 1829 ; living in Union, Conn.
II. Fanny, b. Dec. 25, 1831 ; d. Feb. 10, 1878.
III. Lucy, b. Dec. 29, 1835 ; d. in the West, leaving family.
IV. Polly, b. July 5, 1839; m. and d. at Brim field, leaving three
V. Elisha, b. Sept. 15, 1842 ; lives at Waterbury, Conn. ; m. in
1863, Emily Snow, who was b. at West Woodstock. Ch. :
(1) Ernest Elisha 8 , b. at Lebanon, Conn., 1870. (2) Clarence
Lucius, b. at Waterbury, Conn., 1883. ERNEST ELISHA S
SEVERY, Ph. B., graduated at Yale University, 1890, and is
now Professor of Modern Languages at Pennington Semi-
nary, Penuingtou, 1ST. J.
DEXTER 6 SEVERY (Jacob*, Moody*, Jacob* , Joseph*, John 1 ),
was born March 2, 1820, at East Dixfield, Me., and removed to
Illinois, and now lives at Leland, La Salle County, in that
State, engaged with his two sons in the business of stock-
raising on an extensive scale ; the farm being at Victor, De
Kalb County. He married Sept. 14, 1848, Susan C. Hanson,
who was born Nov. 5, 1821, at Barnstead, L. C.
I. Amos Henry 7 , b. Oct. 7, 1851; m. and has one son, Frai
Dexter 8 , b. May, 1878.
II. Charles Allen, b. May 29, 1856; m. and has three ch.
(l)EdnaM. 8 ; (2) Bessie M. ; (3) Fern.
THE SEVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY. 211
JAMES B. 6 SEVER Y ( William 5 , Asa\ Jacob*, Joseph-, John 1 ), was
born at Dixfield, June 29, 1840 ; graduated M. D. ; married
June 28, 1866, Emma A. Bass, of Boston, Mass. She died
June 21, 1892. Abandoning the medical profession, he removed,
in 1882, to Colorado Springs, Col., and now resides there,
holding the office of judge of the county court of El Paso
I. Lena P. 7 , b. Nov. 24, 1867; d. Jan. 2, 1868.
II. John William, b. July 4, 1871 ; d. March 26, 1874.
III. Emma Genevieve, b. Aug. 1, 1873.
f SEVENTH GENERATION.
ALBERT T. 7 SAVERY (Peregrine IT. 6 , Daniel 5 , John 4 , John 3 ,
John 2 , John 1 ), of Middleboro, Mass., was born March 16,
1842 ; married Feb. 22, 1865, Maria S., daughter of James and
Rebecca Waterman, who was born Dec. 19, 1844. An active
and public-spirited citizen, is a justice of the peace, and has
been chairman of the selectmen and assessors of Middleboro,
and a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives.
I. Trueman C. 8 , b. Dec. 24, 1865.
II. Horace H., b. July 2, 1867; d. Sept. 7, 1868.
III. Charles A., b. Nov. 28, 1868; m. April 30, 1881, at Boston,
Nina J. Falline.
ALBERT ALLEN ? SAVERY (Thomas 6 , Nehemiatf, John 4 , John 3 ,
John 2 , John 1 ), was born July 28, 1824 ; married by Rev. Dr.
Putnam, Jan. 26, 1846, Elizabeth, daughter of James and Eliz-
abeth (Thomas) Shurtliffe, both of Carver, Mass.
I. Chester Forrest 8 , b. Sept. 9, 1848; m. Nov. 25, 1875, by Rev.
Geo. G. Fairbanks, EllaE. F. Snow, of Canton, Mass., daugh-
212 THE S EVERY AND SAVERY FAMILY.
ter of Russell and Amelia Atwood Snow, whose mother's
maiden name was Amelia Atwood Briggs, and who were
born, the former in Sharon, the latter in Berkeley, Mass.
CHESTER F. SAVERY lives at Taunton, Mass.
II. Elizabeth A., b. March 10, 1853.
III. Agnes T., b. May 30, 1856; m. May 26, 1875, Elbridge Hollo-
way, son of Benjamin and Harriet (Cole) Holloway, of Mid-
dleboro, and hail eh.: (1) Lillie Bernard 9 , b. Dec. 28, 1875;
(2) Eva Agnes, b. Feb. 18, 1877 ; (3) Wendell Elbridge, b.
May 20, 1878; all b. in Middleboro.
IV. Laura Ann, b. July 13, 1862.
STEPHEN AUGUSTUS 7 S A VARY (Stephen^, Joseph Emerson b ,
Joseph Joseph*, Joseph 1 , John 1 }, was born Oct. 19, 1825 ; mar-
ried, 1st, Mary Eddy; 2d, Georgie Case. He resides in West
I. Wendell S;, b. 1870.
JoHN 7 SAVARY (Stephen*', Joseph Emerson', Joseph*, Joseph*,
Joseph 1 , John 1 ), was born in Auburn, Worcester County, Mass.,
Nov. 4, 1832; attended district school and worked on a
farm till the age of seventeen ; entered Williams College 1851,
graduated 1855 ; graduated from Harvard Divinity School, and
licensed to preach as a Unitarian minister in autumn of 1860.
War breaking out soon after his ordination, he joined the
national army as a private with the promise of a chaplaincy ;
served under Gen. Banks in New Orleans in 1862 and 1863,
and was connected with the Sanitary Commission at the close of
the war ; returning home, engaged for a while in the work of
the ministry, but at length abandoned it, and has since been
employed as an assistant in the library of Congress. Is a writer
of felicity and power both in prose and poetry, author of
memorial ode to President Garfield, etc.
(In 1881. )
THUS do I lay a reverent wreath upon the graves of my ances-
tors, and across those graves stretch forth a fraternal hand from
under the folds of the British flag towards my kindred in the
United States. Never, I pray, may a more hostile message
cross our international boundary than that which I now send
to you, or than those with which you have welcomed and
cheered my efforts to elucidate our family history. Although
we live under different governments, a mutual respect for each
other's predilections and preferences ought surely to prevail
among both peoples, so that the separation may be artificial
only, while a union of heart and sentiment is cultivated and
perpetuated. We have everything in common that is worthy of
being prized as a national heritage, a common origin, the same
high civilization, the same pure faith, and although under dif-
ferent forms, the same freedom. Let no thought be entertained
of a political change that will tend to further disintegrate the
world- wide family from which we all spring, and which, if united
in friendly ties, must be the dominant agent in preserving the
peace and civilization of the world. It is a truism that the
great founders and masters of our science and literature are
yours as well as ours by right of a common inheritance ; and
the venerable poet through whom New England vied with Old
England in the grandeur of her song, and excelled her in the
poetry of the affections, and whose statue has an honored place
in the memorial hall of England's worthy dead, is ours as well
as yours by virtue of the common language in which he clothed
the sublime conceptions of his genius.
" Peace, and no longer from its brazen portals
The blast of war's great organ shakes the skies ;
But, beautiful as songs of the immortals,
The holy melodies of love arise."
EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS.
(Dates modernized and years adapted to old and new style.)
From parish registers of Hannington, Wiltshire :
1572. Bubert Savory was buried 25th July.
Virgil Savory \vas christened the 6th October.
1573-4. Richard Savory was christened 18th of March.
1574. Thomas Savory (remainder illegible).
1576. Elizabeth Savory was christened 23d May (or 8th).
Elizabeth Savory was buried llth December (or 31st May).
Thomas Savory was buried 7th November.
1577. Thomas Savory and Mary Marshe were married the 28th No-
1578. Ales Savory was christened 7th September.
1583. John Savory was buried 7th November.
1585. William Savory was christened 28th November.
Robert Savory and Margaret Savory were christened on the
16th December (or November).
Robert Savory was buried 23d December.
Margaret Savory was buried 27th December.
1586-7. William Savory was buried 2d January.
1596-7. THOMAS SAVORY and Marie Woodrorke were married the 26th
1507-8. John Savory was burecl 13th February.
1598. ROBERT SAVORY buried 1st May.
ROBERT SAVORY christened 14th May.
1601-2. THOMAS SAVORY, the younger, baptized 4th March.
1603-4. Thomas Savory baptized 8th February. (Thomas Savory, Sr.,
William Batson, Jr., godfathers.)
1604-5. Thomas Savory buried 17th February.
1605-6. ANTHONIE SAVORIE baptized 20th January.
1606. JOHN SAVORY baptized. No date.
1613. William Savorey buried 26th July.'
218 APPENDIX A.
1615. William Savorie was buried 24th April.
Humphrey Savery buried 13th July.
Richard Savory and Agnes Morrett were married the 13th
1616-17. Humphrey, son of Robert Savory and Mary his wife, baptized
5th (or 10th) January.
1620. Thomas Savory and Sybell Gerring (or Gerrind) were married
1621. Robert Marsh and Joan Savery were married 23d July.
1627. Mary, daughter of Robert Savory and Susanna his wife, was
baptized 1st August.
1630. Robert, son of Robert Savory and Susanna his wife, baptized
1636. Francis Simons and Mary Savery were married.
1637. Elizabeth, the daughter of John Savery and Joane his wife,
baptized 17th December.
Thomas Savery was church-warden in this year.
1644. Humphrey Savery buried 18th January.
1645. Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Savery and Elizabeth his wife
was baptized 14th June. ,
1649. Thomas, son of Thomas Savery and Elizabeth, baptized.
1650. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Savary, was buried.
Richard, son of Richard Savary and Dorothy, baptized 23d
1654. Robert, sou of Richard Savory and Dorothy, baptized 15th
1659. James, son of Richard Savory and Dorothy, baptized 5th No-
The vicar, Rev. Dr. Smeaton, to whose genial courtesy I am
much indebted, writes me that besides the above, " the register
is full of them," as godfathers, godmothers, church-wardens,
etc. ; and that the neighboring parish of BLUNSDON always had
a great many of the name.
From registers of Lambourne, Berkshire, thirteen miles south-
west from Hannington :
1608. John Sauorie, of Up. Lamborne, buried 18th April.
1609. Williii Sauorie, Up. Lamborne, buried 18th August.
[Twenty-eight died of plague.]
1614. John Sauory, of Upper Lamborne, buried 6th May.
1616. Mary Sauory, widow, buried llth December.
APPENDIX A. 219
1656. Mary, the daughter of Peter and Joan Sauery, of Up. Lam-
borne, baptized 29th November.
1657. Wm., the son of Peeter and Joan Savery, Upl., christened
1663. Jeane, the daughter of Peter and Joane Savery, of Up. Lam-
borne, baptized 3d July.
1668. Joan, the daughter of Peter and Joan Savery, baptized 10th
1650. Francis Stiff and Alice Savery e married 20th April.
1654. Peeter Savery and Joan Vize were married after three times
publication, 20th August.
1656-7. Mary, the daughter of Peeter Savory, of Up. Lamborne, buried
1680. Joane, the wife of Peter Sauerey, 19th July.
1708. Elizabeth, y e daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Savery. bap-
tized 28th February.
From registers of Broad Chalke County, Wilts :
May 1, 1605. William Savery and Annie Randall.
Jan. 25, 1612-13. Clement White and Annie Savery.
Aug. 11, 1605. Sible, daughter of William Savery.
Feb. 24, 1615-16. Sible Savery, daughter of William.
Registers of Clyffe Pypard, county of Wilts, about eight
miles from Hannington :
Elizabeth, the daughter of Thomas Savory and Alice his wife, was bap-
tized the twenty-seventh day of December, 1683.
Oct. 25, 1685. Baptized Mary, daughter of Thomas and Alice Savory.
NOTE. I have been unable to get anything from the registers ef the nearest parishes
to Hannington, Blunsdon, Highworth, Stanton, Stratton, Marston, Cricklade, etc.,
in the first-named of which Saverys have been very numerous from time immemorial
In many cases there are no records extant of so early a date. In others I failed to get
reply to my inquiries.
From probate registers, original spelling preserved :
50 Lewin. " Robert Savorie, of Haningtori, Wilts, husbandman.
To the reparation of the church at Sarum, /12.
220 APPENDIX A.
To the parish church of Haningtou, /12.'
To the poor of Hauington, 12 bushels of barley.
To my three brothers, Richard, THOMAS, and ANTHONIE, 40/ each.
To Margaret Savery a cow ; also one other cow instead of the heifer
which Alee, my mother, did bequeath her.
To Agnes Pecock, 10.'.
To Thomas Poole, Richard Richins, William Adams, and Richard the
Shepperd, /12 each.
. To THOMAS SAVORY MY SON all my free lands.
Residue to Thomas my son and Joan my wife, they to be executors.
William Harper and Walter Becket to be overseers.
Signed X mark of Robert Savery.
Witnesses, Walter Harper, Robert Marshe.
Proved 17th May, 1598, by Joan Savery, the relict.
991!mhl. 20th June, 1615. " Humphrie Savorie, of Hannington, Wilts,
Thomas Savorie, my eldest son, and Richard Savorie, my youngest son, to
Thomas Willie and Alice Willie and^Elizabeth Willie, his daughters.
Richard Matthew, of Sarney,* Gloucestershire, and his children, Richard,
Johan, and Margerie.
Thomas Mounke, William Fiie, Elizabeth Charter.
Agnes Baker Agnes Savorie of Lushall.
John Savorie of Farrington, Catherine Saverie, and Catherine Savorie, her
sister (probably sister-in-law).
Thomas Plumer and Richard Matthews, overseers.
Witnesses, William Jones, clerk, John Plumer, Richard Mathews,
Proved 27th November, 1615, by Richard Savorie.
25 Fenner. 1st May, 1610, " Robert Severy, of Wotton Courtney, Somer-
To be buried at Wotton Courtney.
To William Severy, my son, 30.
To Robert Severy, my son, 50.
To Christian Severy, my daughter, 50.
Johane, my servant. Children under age.
Johane, my wife she great with child same to have 20.
William Leigh, John Geiles, Henry Hoole, to be overseers.
Signed X the mark of Robert Severy.
Proved 7th March, 1611, by Joan Severy, the widow.
The name here, I have no doubt, means Savery. Somerset
lies Iretween Wilts and Devon.
* i. e., Cerney.
APPENDIX A. 221
Between 1593 and 1660, I cannot give the several dates,
administrations were granted on the estates of
John Savory, of Uplambourue, Berkshire.
Richard Savery, of Aston Keene, Wilts.
Christopher Saffary, Bucklinton, parish of Keevil, Wilts, 1636-7.
It has been suggested by some that Saffery and Savary were
orignally the same name. Safrei I have found in the " Hundred
Rolls," but am unable to judge whether it was a corruption of
Savary and Savery, or an independent name.
From town records of Newport, Rhode Island:
1743. William Savery married Elizabeth Ashbrook.
I cannot conjecture who this William was
7th December, 1644, John Savery, planter, to Henry Miller and others
(mentioned p. 133).
This John was no doubt an immigrant ancestor, perhaps the
one baptized at Hannington in 1606, coming over in company
with a brother Anthony, also baptized there 16th of January,
1604-5, and dying in 1682, as appears below. (See "additions
and corrections," ante.)
FROM PARISH REGISTERS.
Parish of St. Philip :
1665, Nov. 5. WILLIAM SAVERY, son of WILLIAM SAVERY.
Parish of St. Joseph :
1720, April 8. John Savery (parents not mentioned).
1722-3, March 11. Samuel Savery (parents not mentioned).
1723, Dec. 27. A daughter of Samuel Savery.
1727, April 6. Francis Savery and John Savery, sous of Samuel
1732-3, March 11. Joseph, son of Samuel and Ann Savery.
1735-6, March . John, son of John and Mary Savory. (This John
probably died soon. See baptism of another
1735-6, May 24. All together: WILLIAM (son), and A7/.:w //,-//,,
Margaret, Polly, and Susanna, daughters of
John and Mary Savory.
902 APPENDIX A.
1739-40, March 9. Thomas and John, sons of John and Mary Savory.
X. B. The names which I have italicized are reproduced in the family
of the first William Savery, of Philadelphia, and in the same order. (See
Parish of St. John :
1661-2, Feb. 10. Eliz. Savary to Alex. McCollin.
Parish of St. Philip :
1684-5, March 1. Eliza. Savary to Thomas Hill.
Parish of St. James :
1718, April 20. JOHN SAVORY to Mary Stanley, " both of ys
parish, by License."
Parish of St. Michael :
1676, Sept. 22. Eliza Savery.
1682-3, Jan. 24. ANTHONY SAVERY.
1691. July 5. Edward Savery, from Captain
1698, Feb. 8. Bowles Savery, mariner.
Parish of St. Joseph :
1723-4, Jan. 4. Samuel Sav ory.
EXECUTIVE COUNCIL MINUTES.
" At a meeting of his Excellency andCouncell, y e 4> Aug. 1668. ' John
Savery Esqre, Attorney to George Booth to reverse a judgment obteyned
agst his Attornor by Thomas Booth at the Court held for ye Precincts of
St. Peters, All Sts., and St. Lucy's in September, 1663,' was mulcted
in 250 Ibs. sugar, costs."
" Att a meeting of y e Depty Governor and Councel the 19 th of Aug.
1669 Ordered . . . that writs do forthwith issue directed to the gentlemen
hereafter written requiring them to sumon the ffreeholders," etc., "to
choose two sufficient, discreate and able ffreeholders for each Pish as
Assembly men,'' etc. Eleven names, one for each parish, among them
John Savory for St. Lucyes.
Digest of the will of Elizabeth Savery :
" In the Feare of God, I, Elizabeth Savery, of the Island of Barbadoes,
widow relict of John Savery formerly of the parish called St. Lucies in
the aforesaid Island, deceased." . . . Testatrix bequeaths to son, Samuel
Savery, " now in the Island of Jamaica " and to his heirs certain negroes
aud "two of the largest fine cotton hammocks." To her daughter, " Mary
Collyns, the wife of Francis Collyns of Pennsylvania," all her wearing
apparel, linen and woollen, to be sent to her by the first opportunity to
Pennsylvania." To her grandson, John Gosling all moneys due testatrix
APPENDIX A. 223
by the said Mary Collyns (his mother), and John Gosling, his deceased
father. To daughter, Mary Collyns, and grand-daughter, Sarah Savery,
whatever "new linning stuffe and crape" the testatrix dies possessed of
"in the house not made up" to be divided equally. To grand-daughter,
Sarah Savery, 10 to be paid out of produce of testatrix's 181 acres of land
lying in the parish of St. Lucies. To her grandson, John Savery, and his
issue (when he shall attain 21 years), 15| acres of land "lately recovered "
by the testatrix in St. Lucies, but should he die without issue, this laud to
go to Samuel Savery's eldest son,* and to (testatrix's son) John Savery's
eldest child, " if he ever hath any," f to be equally divided between them. If
her son, John Savery, has no issue he is still to enjoy the benefit of one half
the land during his lifetime (i. e., of course, if grandson, John Savery, died
without issue) . To her five grandchildren (whose father's name is not men-
tioned, probably Samuel), Josiah, Vennor, Samuel, Mary an, and Elizabeth
Savery, testatrix leaves 5 each, with benefit of survivorship. To grand-
son JestahJ (?) Savery, " all the dower money due her from an estate that
was formerly her husband's," and which was secured to her by an indent-
ure of annuity of 100 per aim. To her son, John Savery, she bequeaths
a " great bible and standard, a silver tankard, a desk, upper bed and bed-
stead and curtains," with half of the bed linen, and an " upper great table."
To grand-daughter Sarah Savery she bequeaths " ye lower bed & bed-
stead" with the other half of the bed linen : and all the rest of the "house-
hold stuffe " is to be equally divided between her son, John Savery, and
grand-daughter, Sarah Savery. To her son, John Savery, all the money
in the house at her decease " after funeral charges and the nurse are paid."
To the " POOR AMONG FRIENDS " the sum of 3. Appoints Robert
Gibbs, John Chase, Jr., and her son John Savery, executors.
Will dated 6th August, 1693.
Signed Elizabeth Savery (L. S.).
Witnesses, John Went, Robt. Scott, Beuja. Biddle.
Proved 31st August, 1693.
1716. Deposition of Mary Savery as to the last wishes of Thomas Beard
when in his last moments.
Feb. 2. Will of Mary Savery of St. Peter's Parish. Mentions her son,
John Burch (probably by a former husband), and her daughters, Ann
* From this it would appear that the grandson John was the eldest son then living,
possibly the only son of Samuel, then in Jamaica. Probably Samuel and John were her
only sons. If there were others they must have predeceased her, or they would have
been mentioned. The inference is very strong that there never were but two who
survived her, or who attained maturity. The words, "now in Jamaica," would imply
only a temporary sojourn there. Probably he was the one who was buried Jan. 4,
1723-4, and the grandson, Samuel, the one whose children were baptized from 1722 t<
fThis would seem to imply that John was unmarried, or at all events still childless,
although being named executor, he was, no doubt, of age.
t Probably clerical error for Josiah, the eldest of the five grandchildren and pro
eldest son of Samuel.
224 APPENDIX A.
Clark, wife of John Clark, and grand-daughters, Ann and Elizabeth Clarke,
and grand-daughter, Eliz. Ball, daughter of John Ball.
180."), April 23. Letters testamentary granted to WM. SAVERY to estate
of JOHN SAVERY, deceased.
I suspect that this William was own cousin of the minister,
for I take the testator, John, to be the son of John and Mary
Stanley who was baptized March 9, 1740, John's older brother
William being, as I think, William Savery, Sr., of Phila-
delphia, the minister's father.
1815, Aug. 28. Letters testamentary, granted to Margaret Jane Savery
to estate of John Alexander Savery, deceased.
RECORDS RELATING TO THE SEVERY AND
For the benefit of those who may wish to follow down the
main collateral branches of the*Sivrets or Severys, descendants
of the two supposed to be brothers of the John who removed to
Wenham, I here give the following from the church records of
Admitted to the church, 1699, Dec. 10, Eliz. Seivory.
Dec. 24, 1699. Eliz. Seivory.*
Deborah, \- Children of Eliz. Seivory.
June 22, 1701. Mary, of Elizabeth Seivory.
Nov. 9, 1707. Samuel, of Thomas Scivery.
May 31, 1724. Andrew, infant of Andrew and Mary Scivery.
July 28, 1728. Mary, infant of Andrew and Mary Scivery.
Sept. 2, 1759. Peter, infant of Clement and Hannah Scivery.
March 27. 1763. Clement, infant of Clement and Hannah Scivery.
Oct. 19, 1766. John and Benjamin, of Clement and Hannah Scivery.
Sept. 10, 1769. Hannah, of Clement and Hannah Scivery.
Dec. 9, 1782, Clement, of Clement and Sarah Scivery.
June 4, 1797. Hannah, of Clement and Sarah Scivery.
9 * Probably wife of Thomas A. W. S.
APPENDIX A. 225
May 18, 1800. Johh Walpee, of Clement aud Sarah Scivery.
Dec. 11, 1808. Francis Doliber, of Clement, Jr., and Martha Scivery.
Oct. 29, 1820. Sarah Freeto, of Peter and Sally Scivery.
May 2, 1830. Benjamin, of Benjamin and Rebecca Scivery.
Oct. 6, 1832. Joseph Franklin, of Joseph and Mary Scivery.
Oct. 6, 1832. William Green, of Joseph and Mary Scivery.
April 12, 1835. Elizabeth Devereux, of Joseph and Mary Scivery.
Aug. 2, 1835. Rebecca Jane, of Benjamin and Rebecca Scivery.
Aug. 6, 1837. Elias White, of Joseph and Mary Scivery.
Aug. 13, 1835. John Hammond, of Benjamin, deceased, and Rebecca
Admitted to covenant May 11, 1718, Phebe Scivery. (The name does
not occur in a list of the church members written July 18, 1716, which only
includes those in full communion, as distinct from those "admitted to
March 2, 1719. Henry Darling, Jr., Mary Scivery, both of Marblehead.
Oct. 31, 1721. John Pickett, Eliz. Scivery, both of Marblehead.
Oct. 3, 1723. Andrew Scivery, Mary Pittman, both of Marblehead.
Feb. 10, 1732. John Scivery, Eliz. Fabins, both of Marblehead.
Aug. 1, 1758. Clement Scivery, Hannah Dodd, hoth of Marblehead.
Jan. 4, 1787. Clement Severy, Sarah Freeto, both of Marblehead.
Feb. 22, 1798. Joseph Scivery, Sarah Bradshaw, both of Marblehead.
Sept. 4, 1808. Clement Scivery, Jr., Martha Doliber, both of Marble-
July 13, 1817. Peter Scivery, Sally Russell, both of Marblehead.
Jan. 25, 1821. William D. Hammond, Sarah Scivery, both of Marble-
July 12, 1827. Benjamin Scivery, Rebecca Hammond, both of Marble-
Jan. 20, 1829. Joseph Scivery, Mary D. White, both of Marblehead.
The following I extract from the town records, which also
contain many entries which I have given from the church, dif-
fering only in the spelling of the name. The gradual change
in the spelling to Savery and Savory will be noted :
Feb. 15, 1683. Martha, daughter of Andrew and Mary Severy.
April 2, 1685. Mary, daughter of Andrew an^d Mary.
Jan. 4, 1693. Daniel, son of Andrew and Mary.
Aug. 4, 1695. Andrew, son of Andrew and Mary.
Oct. 27, 1697. Gregory and Phebe, twins of Andrew and Mary.
Feb. 16, 1699. Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew aud Mary.
Aug. 31, 1704. , daughter of Andrew and Mary.
April 16, 1707. , daughter of Andrew and Mary.
Dec. 14, 1705. Hannah, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth.
June 3, 1704. Mary, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth;
April 14, 1707. Samuel, son of Thomas and Elizabeth.
Feb. 3, 1708. John Roundy, Elizabeth Savory, by Rev. Samuel
May 3, 1708. William Colfree, Mary Severy, by Rev. Samuel Cheever.
June 3, 1708. John Savery, Hannah Groe, by Rev. Samuel Cheever.
Feb. 1, 1719. Richard Gross, Susanna Severy, by Rev. Edw. Hoi-
Jan. 31, 1721. John Edwards, Mary Savory, by Rev. Edw. Holyoke.
Feb. 7, 1721. Stephen Hilton, Hannah Severy, by Rev. Edw. Holyoke.
Oct. 21, 1721. John Savery, Abigail Dod.
Feb. 10, 1732. John Severy, Elizabeth Fabins, by Rev. Mr. Barnard.
Dec. 14, 1758. John Weber, Mary Severy, by Rev. S. Bradstreet.
Oct. 6, 1725. Gregory Savory, Mary Allen, by Rev. Mr. White, of
March 30, 1775. William Hines, Sarah Severy, by Rev. Isaac Story.
June 12, 1791. Michael Corbett, Hannah Severy, by Rev. E. Hubbard.
1804. John T. Preble, Hannah Severy, by Rev. Samuel Dana.
1804. Nathaniel Preble, Jr., Elizabeth Severy, by Rev. Sam-
Jan. 21, 1836. Peter Savory, Mary Symonds, by Geo. Pickering Clark,
April 3, 1851. Joseph F. Savory, Hannah Tucker, by Rev. Samuel
March 17, 1853. Benjamin Savory, Margaret Phalen, by E. A. Law-
June 9, 1859. Joseph Savory, Sarah A. Basgett, by Rev. B, R. Allen.
Dec. 13, 1860. John H. Savory, Mary W. Tucker, by Rev. B. R. Allen.
Jan. 7, 1861. Benjamin Savory, Mary E. Smith, by Rev. F. Holmes.
Jan. 24, 1867. William Savory, Sarah J. Warrington,* Rev. B. Othe-
July 17, 1867. Benjamin T. Savory, Elizabeth H. Tucker, by Rev.
G. W. Patch.
April 17, 1877. William L. Roundey, Mary S. Savory, by Rev J. H.
May 14, 1877. Edgar M Savory, Ann M. O'Sullivan, by Rev. D. S.
Nov. 23, 1878. Benjamin Savory, Sarah E. Harrington, by Rev. John
* She was of Digby, N. S., where she and her husband lived some years, and then
removed to California.
APPENDIX A. 227
(None recorded prior to 1800.)
Sept. 24, 1807. Sarah, daughter of Peter Severy.
Feb. 23, 1808. A son of Clement Severy.
Oct. 10, 1828. A child of Benjamin Savory.
Sept. 23, 1831. A child of John Severy.
Dec. 20, 1833. A child of John Severy, 3 years of age.
July 5, 1834. In Salem, Sarah F. Severy, age 14 years.
Jan. 24, 18o6. Child of John Severy, 1 year 2 months.
Feb. 18,1837. Benjamin Severy, 35 year? 3 months.
Feb. 27, 1840. Joseph Severy, 73 years 3 months.
March 26, 1841. John Severy.
Feb. 27, 1841. Son of John Severy, 1 year 6 monfehs.
April 22, 1843. Rebecca, daughter of Rebecca Severy, 8 years.
Jan. 6, 1845. Benjamin, son of Peter and Mary Severy, 4 years.
July 25, 1846. Child of Peter and Mary Severy.
Jan. 29, 1849. Sarah Severy, 80 years 11 months.
Jan. 3, 1861. Mary Savory, 50 years 1 month 28 days.
Jan. 4, 1869. Mary E., wife of Benjamin Savory, 33 years 2 months
May 30, 1871. Sarah (Russell) Savory, widow, 80 years 7 mouths.
Feb. 6, 1875. Joseph Savory, 71 years 3 mouths 1 day.
May 16, 1876. Mary D. (White) Savory, 70 years 7 months 28 days.
Feb. 16, 1882. Joseph Savory (born in Spain), 82 years.
The following is from the records of the Protestant Episco-
pal Church of Marblehead :
Nov. 16, 1729. Philip, William, Thomas, sons of Samuel and Mary
Sept. 12, 1731. Elizabeth, of Samuel Severey.
Sept. 19, 1731. Michael, of Severey.
Sept. 2, 1733. Mary D., of Samuel and Mary Severey.
All of above by Rev. George Pigot.
Oct. 7, 1753. Sarah, of Thomas and Sarah Severy.
Oct. 13, 1756. Thomas, of Thomas and Sarah Severy.
Nov. 5, 1758. Sarah, of Thomas and Sarah Severy.
Above by Rev. Peter Bowers.
June 26, 1768. Mary, of Peter and Mary Sevory.
Aug. 26, 1770. Sarah Elizabeth, of Peter and Mary Seavery.
Above by Rev. J. W. Weeks, probably.
Oct. 27, 1782. Child, of Peter and Mary Severy.
By Rev. Mr. Fisher.
228 APPENDIX A.
Jan. 21, 1728. Samuel Severy and Mary Andrews, by Rev. Geo. Pigot.
Feb. 8, 1767. Elizabeth Seavery and John Caswell, by Rev. J. W.
Feb. 15, 1767. Peter Seavery and Mary Tucker, by Rev. J. W. Weeks.
Dec. 4, 1768. Sarah Severy and John Hermon, by Rev. J. W. Weeks.
Sept. 9, 1732. Thomas Severy, by Rev. Geo. Pigot.
The town records of Gloucester contain the following :
Gregory Savery, of Marblehead, and Mary Allen, married Oct. 6, 1725.
Their children: Mary, born Aug. 11, 1726; Phoebe, born May 17, 1729;
Martha, born June 8, 1731 ; Peter, born March 7, 1734 ; Daniel, b. Sept.
Peter Savery and Ann Glover, married June 2, 1755.
Peter Savery, of Boston, and Miss Mary Worley, married Nov. 27, 1806.
On the town records of Andover is the following :
June 4,1759. Mary, daughter of William and Lydia Savory.
Feb. 10, 1760. Jenny, daughter of William and Lydia Savory.
Crcsar Freeman and Jenny Savory, of Andover, married June 12, 1782.
On the town records of Oxford, Mass., I find the following
of the family of William Severy, evidently one of the numer-
ous descendants of Joseph, of Button, whom I have been un-
able to trace :
Freeman Severy, son of William and Ruth, was born Nov. 25, 1827.
Adeline Severy, daughter of William and Ruth, born March 17, 1829.
Willard Willis, son of William and Ruth, born Jan. 2, 1833.
From Joseph Severy, of Sutton, is also descended LUTHER
SEVERY, a prominent citizen of Kansas, residing at Emporia ;
but I did not succeed in getting the information to enable me
to trace his lineage, and include him in the genealogy.
THOMAS SAVERY. HIS FIRE ENGINE.
FROM THE "LIVES OF BOLTON AND WATT," BY SAMUEL
SMILES, AUTHOR OF "SELF-HELP, 11 "INDUSTRIAL
BIOGRAPHY," ETC., REPUBLISHED IN THIS
VOLUME BY SPECIAL PERMISSION
OF THE AUTHOR.
THE attempts hitherto made to invent a working steam
engine had not been attended with much success. The most
that could be said of them was, that, by demonstrating the
impracticable, they were gradually leading other experimenters
in the direction of the practicable. Although the progress
seemed but slow, the amount of net result was by no means
inconsiderable. Men were becoming better acquainted with
the elastic force of steam. The vacuum produced by its con-
densation in a closed vessel, and the consequent atmospheric
pressure, had been illustrated by repeated experiments ; and
many separate and minor inventions, which afterwards proved
of great value, had been made, such as the four-way cock, the
safety valve, and the piston moving in a cylinder. The prin-
ciple of a true steam engine had not only been demonstrated,
but most of the separate parts of such an engine had been con-
trived by various inventors. It seemed as if all that was now
wanting was a genius of more than ordinary power to combine
them in a complete and effective whole.
To Thomas Savery is usually accorded the merit of having
constructed the first actual working steam engine. Little is
known of his early history; and various surmises have been
230 APPENDIX B.
formed as to his origin and calling. Some writers have
described him as the captain of a tin mine ; others as a naval
captain ; while a third says he was an immigrant Frenchman.*
We are, however, enabled to state, from information communi-
cated by his descendants, that he was the scion of a well-known
Devonshire family. John Savery, of Halberton, or Harberton,
afterwards of Great Totness, was a gentleman of considerable
property in the reign of Henry VIII. In the sixteenth cen-
tury the Saverys became connected by marriage with the
Servingtons of Tavistock, another old county family, one of
whom served as sheriff in the reign of Edward III. In 1588,
Christopher Savery, the head of the family, resided in Totness
Castle, of which he was the owner ; and for a period of nearly
forty years the town was represented in Parliament by members
of the Savery family. Sir Charles f served as sheriff of Devon
in 1619. Though the Saverys took the side of Parliament in
resisting the despotic power assumed by Charles L, they never-
theless held *a moderate course, for we find Col. Savery, in
1643, attaching his name to the famous "round robin," pre-
sented to Parliament. Richard Savery, the youngest son of the
colonel, was father of Thomas Savery, the inventor of the " fire
engine." Other members of the Savery family, besides Thomas,
were distinguished for their prosecution of physical science.
Thus we find from the family MSS., Servington Savery cor-
responding with Dr. Jurin, secretary to the Royal Society,
respecting an improvement which he had made in the barome-
ter, and communicating the results of some magnetic experi-
ments of a novel kind, which he had recently performed.^
*Burn'a "History of Foreign Protestant Refugees."
t No doubt this is a mistake for " Christopher." He was an active Parliamentarian,
and it was his son and heir Christopher who was a colonel in the Parliamentary Army, as
authentic pedigrees in my hands, through the courtesy of the present head of the family,
John Thomas Savery, Esq., of Ivybridge, Modbury, Devon, show. A. W. S.
tin a letter dated Shilston, Aug. 9, 1727, he writes: "The late Mr. Thomas Savery,
Inventor of the engines for rowing and raising water by flre, was, I believe, well known
to several of the Royal Society, perhaps to the president; but, as I am a perfect stranger,
io acquaint you that his father was youngest brother to my grandfather. The late Ser-
vington Suvery, M. D., of Marlborough, was one of my family, viz., a brother of my
SAVERY'S STEAM ENGINE. 231
Thomas Savery was born at Shilston, near Modbury, in
Devon, about the year 1650. Nothing is known of his early
life beyond that he was educated to the profession of a military
engineer, and in course of time duly reached the rank of
Trench-master. The corps of engineers was not, however,
regarded as an essential part of the military force until the year
1787, when the officers ranked with those of the Royal Artil-
lery. . The pursuit of his profession, as well as his natural dis-
position, led Savery to the study of mechanics, and he became
well accomplished in the physical knowledge of his time. He
occupied much of his spare time in mechanical experiments and
In projecting and executing contrivances of various sorts.
One of his early works was a clock, still preserved in the
family,* which until lately kept very good time; and when
last repaired by a watchmaker of Modbury was pronounced to
l>e a piece of very good work, of a peculiar construction, dis-
playing much ingenuity.
Another of Savery's early contrivances was a machine for
polishing plate glass, for which he obtained a patent. He was
occupied about the same time with an invention for rowing
ships in calms by the mechanical apparatus subsequently de-
scribed in his treatise entitled " Navigation Improved." He
there relates how it troubled his thoughts and racked his
brains to find out this invention, which he accomplished after
many experiments conducted " with great charge." He nat-
urally set much value on the product of so much study and
labor ; and he was proportionately vexed on finding that others
regarded it with indifference. He professed to have had
" promises of a great reward from the court if the thing would
answer the end for which he proposed it " ; but instead of a
reward, Savery received only contumely and scorn. He attrib-
uted his want of success to the ill-humor of the then surveyor
of the navy, who reported against his engine, because, said he,
*It is now in the possession of Capt. Lowe, of the Twenty-sixth Regiment, whose
grand-aunt was a Miss Savery, of Shilston.
232 APPENDIX B.
" it's the nature of some men to decry all inventions that are
not the product of their own brains." He only asked for a fair
trial of his paddle-boat, believing in its efficiency and utility ;
declaring that it was not his " fondness for his own bratt that
made him think so," but the favorable opinions of several very
judicious persons in town, that encouraged him to urge his
invention for public adoption.
The invention in question consisted of a boat mounted with
two paddle-wheels, one on each side, worked by a capstan
placed in the centre of the vessel. Savery says he was led to
make the invention through the difficulty which had been
experienced in getting ships in motion so as to place them
alongside of the enemy in sea-fights, especially during calm
weather. He thought that if our fighting ships could be made
to move independent of the winds, we should thereby possess
an advantage of essential consequence to the public service.
" The gentlemen," said he, " that were on the Brest expedition
with my Lord Caermarthen, must know how useful this engine
would have been ; for had they had them there on board each
ship, they might have moved themselves where they had
pleased." He also urged the usefulness of the engine for
packet-boats, bomb-vessels, and sloops, and especially for use in
sea-fights, in bringing off disabled ships. When he had com-
pleted his invention, he took steps to bring it under the notice
Mr. Secretary Trenchard. The plan was shown to the king,
who thought highly of it, and referred Savery to the Admiralty.
When he went there he was told that he should have gone to
the Navy Board. At the Navy Board he was told that certain
objections to the adoption of his scheme had already been sent
to the Admiralty.
Savery, having ascertained that the surveyor was himself the
author of the objections, proceeded to discuss the matter with
him. But the surveyor was not a man to be argued out of his
views by an inventor ; and he shut up Savery with the remark,
" What have interloping people, that have no concern with us,
SAVERY'S STEAM ENGINE. 233
to do to pretend to contrive or invent things for us?" Savery
was highly indignant at the official snub, and published the
conversation in his treatise. ''Though one has found out,"
said he, " an improvement as great to shipping as turning to
windward or the Compass, unless you can sit round the Green
Table in crutched Friars, your invention is damned, of course " ;
and the testy inventor concluded: "All I have now to add
is, that whoever is angry with the Truth for appearing in mean
language may as well be angry with an honest man for his
plain habit ; for, indeed, it is as common for Lyes and Nonsense
to be disguised by a jingle of words as for a Blockhead to be
hid by abundance of Peruke." *
Notwithstanding his rebuff by the navy surveyor, Savery
proceeded to fit up a small yacht with his engine, and tried an
experiment with it on tfee Thames, in sight of many thousands-
of spectators. The experiment was, in his opinion, entirely
successful. " All people," said Savery, " seemed to like the
demonstration of the use of my engine, the public newspapers
speaking very largely of it, yet all to no purpose." Savery had
already expended X200 in his experiments on the paddle boat,
and was not disposed to go any further, now that government
had decided not to take up the invention. Indeed, its practical
utility was doubtful. The power of the wind was. after all,
better than hand labor for working large ships ; and it con-
tinued to maintain its superiority until the steam engine was
brought to perfection.
It is curious that it should not have occurred to Savery, who
invented both a paddle-wheel boat and a steam engine, to com-
bine the two in one machine ; but he was probably sick of the
former invention which had given him so much vexation and
annoyance, and gave it up in disgust, leaving it to Papin, who
saw both his inventions at work, to hit upon the grand idea of
* " Navigation Improved; or the art of rowing ships of all rates in calms, with a more
easy, swift and steady motion than oars can. Also a description of the engine that per-
forms it, and the author's answer to all Mr. Drummer's objections that have been made
against it. By Thomas Savory, Gent." London, 1698.
234 APPENDIX B.
combining the two in a steam vessel, the only machine
capable of effectually and satisfactorily rowing ships in a calm,
or against wind and tide.
It is probable that Savery was led to enter upon his next and
most important invention by the circumstance of his having
been brought up in the neighborhood of the mining districts,
and being well aware of the great difficulty experienced by the
miners in keeping their pits clear of water, to enable them to
proceed with their underground operations. The early tin min-
ing of Cornwall was for the most part what was called " stream
work," being confined mainly to washing and collecting the
diluvial deposits of the ore. Mines usually grew out of these
stream works ; the ground was laid open at the back of the
lodes, and the ore was dug out as from a quarry. Some of
these old openings, called " coffins," are still to be met with .in
different parts of Cornwall. Th*e miners did not venture much
below the surface, for fear of the water, by which they were
constantly liable to be drowned out. But as the upper strata
became exhausted, they were tempted to go deeper in search of
the richer ores. Shafts were sunk to the lodes, and they were
followed underground. Then it was that the difficulty of water
had to be encountered and overcome; for unless it could be
got rid of, the deeper ores of Cornwall were as so much buried
treasure. When the mines were of no great depth it was pos-
sible to bale out the 'water by hand buckets ; but this expedient
was soon exhausted, and the power of horses was then em-
ployed to draw the buckets. Where the lodes ran along a
hillside, it was possible, by driving an adit from a lower point,
to let off the water by natural drainage. But this was not often
found practicable, and in most cases it had to be raised directly
from the shafts by artificial methods. As the quantity in-
creased, a whim or gin moving on a perpendicular axis was
employed to draw the water. An improvement on this was the
rack and chain pump, consisting of an endless iron chain
mounted with knobs of cloth, stiffened with leather, inclosed in
SAVERY'S STEAM ENGINE. 235
a wooden pump of from six to eight inches bore, the lower part
of which rested in the well of the mine. The chain was turned
round by a wheel two or three feet in diameter, usually worked
by men, and the knobs with which it was mounted brought up
a stream of water according to the dimensions of the pump.
Another method, considered the most effectual of all, was
known as " the water wheel and bobs," consisting of a powerful
pump, or series of pumps, worked by a water wheel. But al-
though there is no want of water underground in Cornwall,
and no want of rain above ground, there are few or no great
water-courses capable of driving machinery; besides, as the
mines are for the most part situated on high ground, it will be
obvious that water power was available to only a very limited
extent for this purpose.
It is also worthy of notice that the early mining of Cornwall
was carried on by men of small capital, principally by working-
men, who were unable to expend any large amount of money
in forming artificial reservoirs, or in erecting the powerful
pumping machinery necessary for keeping the deeper mines
clear of water. The Cornish miners, like the Whitstable oyster
dredgers, worked upon the principle of co-operation. This doc-
trine, now taught as a modern one, was practised by them
almost time out of mind. The owner of the land gave the use
of his land, the adventurers gave their money, and the miners
their labor ; all sharing in the proceeds according to ancient
custom. For the use of his land, and for the ore taken from
the mine, the lord usually took a sixth part; but in considera-
tion of draining the mine, and in order to encourage the adven-
ture he was often content with an eighth, or it might be only a
tenth part of the produce. The miners, on their part, agreed to
divide in the proportions in which they took part in the work.
Their shares of the ore raised were measured by barrows, and
parcelled into heaps ; " and it is surprising," says Borlase, " to
see how ready and exact the reckoners are in dividing, though
oftentimes they can neither write nor Tead. The parcels being
236 APPENDIX B.
laid forth, lots are cast, and then every parcel has a distinct
mark laid on it with one, two, or three stones, and sometimes a,
bit of stick or turf stuck up in the middle or side of the pile ;
and when these marks are laid on, the parcels may continue
there half a year or more unmolested." *
These were, however, the early and primitive days of mining,
when the operations were carried on comparatively near the
surface, and the capital invested in pumping machinery was-
comparatively small in amount. As the miners went deeper
and deeper into the ground, and the richer lodes were struck
and followed, the character of mining became considerably
changed. Larger capitals were required to sink the shafts and
keep them clear of water until the ore was reached ; and a new
class of men, outside the mining districts, was induced to ven-
ture their money in the mines as a speculation. Yet the sys-
tem above described, though gVeatly modified by altered cir-
cumstances, continues to this day ; and the mining of Cornwall
continues to be carried on mainly upon the co-operative or joint-
When the surface lodes became exhausted, the necessity of
employing some more efficient method of pumping the water
became more and more urgent. In one pit after another the
miners were being drowned out, and the operations of an impor-
tant branch of national industry were in danger of being
brought to a complete standstill. It was under these circum-
stances that Capt. Savery turned his attention to the contriv-
ance of a more powerful engine for the raising of water ; and
after various experiments, he became persuaded that the most
effective agency for the purpose was the power of steam.
It is very probable that he was aware of the attempts that had
been previously made in the same direction, and he may have
gathered many useful and suggestive hints from the Marquis of
Worcester's " Century " ; but as that book contained no plans
or precise definitions of the methods by which the Marquis had
* Borlase's "Natural History of Cornwall."
SAVERY'S STEAM ENGINE. 237
accomplished his objects, it could have helped him but little
towards the contrivance of a practicable working engine.*
How Savery was led to the study of the power of steam has
been differently stated. Desaguliers says his own account was
this : that having drunk a flask of Florence at a tavern, and
thrown the empty flask on the fire, he called for a basin of
water to wash his hands, and perceiving that the little wine
left in the flask had changed to steam, he took the vessel by
the neck and plunged its mouth into the water in the basin,
when, the steam being condensed, the water was immediately
driven up into the flask by the pressure of the atmosphere.
Desaguliers disbelieved this account, but admits that Savery
made many experiments upon the powers of steam, and event-
ually succeeded in making several engines "which raised water
very well." Switzer, who was on intimate terms with Savery,
gives another account. He says the first hint from which he
took the engine was from a tobacco pipe, which he immersed in
water to wash or cool it, when he discovered by the rarefaction
of the air in the tube, by the heat or steam, and the gravitation
or pressure of the exterior air on the condensation of the latter,
that the water was made to spring through the tube of the pipe
in a most surprising manner ; f and that this phenomenon in-
duced him to search for the rationale, and to prosecute a series
of experiments which issued in the invention of his fire engine.
However Savery may have obtained his first idea of the
expansion and condensation of steam, and of atmospheric pres-
sure, it is certain that the subject occupied his attention for
many years. He had the usual difficulties to encounter in
dealing with a wholly new and untried power, in contriving the
*The absurd story is told by Dr. Desaguliers (" Experimental Philosophy," II., 465)
that Savery, having read the Marquis's book, " was the first to put in practice the raising
of water by fire, which he proposed for the draining of mines"; and having copied the
Marquis's engine, " the better to conceal the matter, bought up all the Marquis of Worces-
ter's books that he could purchase in Pater Noster Row and elsewhere and burned 'em in
the presence of the gentleman, his friend, who told me this." It need scarcely be said
that it was very unlikely that Savery should have attempted thus to conceal an Invention
recorded in a printed book, which had been in circulation for more than forty years.
f Switzer, " System of Hydrostaticks and Hydraulicks," London, 1729.
238 APPENDIX B.
novel mechanism through which it was to work, and of getting
his contrivances executed by the hands of mechanics necessarily
unaccustomed to such kind of work. " Though I was obliged,"
he says, " to encounter the oddest and almost insuperable diffi-
culties, I spared neither time, pains, nor money till I had abso-
lutely conquered them."
Having sufficiently matured his design, he had a model of
his new "fire engine," as he termed it, made for exhibition
before the king at Hampton Court in 1698. William III., who
was himself of a mechanical turn, was highly pleased with the
ingenuity displayed in Savery's engine, as well as with its
efficient action, and he permitted the inventor to dedicate to
him "The Miner's Friend," containing the first published
description of his invention. The king also promoted Savery's
application for a patent, which was secured in July, 1698,* and
an Act confirming it was passed*in the following year.
Savery's next step was to bring his invention under the notice
of the Royal Society, whose opinion on all matters of science
was listened to with profound respect. He accordingly ex-
hibited his model at a meeting held on the 14th of June, 1699,
and it is recorded in the minutes of that date that " Mr. Savery
entertained the Society with showing his engine to raise water
by the force of fire. He was thanked for showing the experi-
ment, which succeeded according to expectation, and was
approved of." The inventor presented the Society with a draw-
ing of his engine, accompanied by a description which was
printed in the " Transactions." f
Savery next endeavored to bring his invention into practical
use, but this was a matter of much greater difficulty. So many
schemes with a like object had been brought out and failed,
*The patent ia dated 25th of July, 1698. and is entitled " A grant to Thomas Savory,
Gentl., of the sole exercise of a new invencion for raising of water and occasioning mocion
to all sort of mill works, by the impellant force of fire, which will be of great use for
draining mines, serving towns with water, and for the working of all sorts of mills,
when they have not the benefit of water nor constant winds; to hold for 14 years; with
t Philosophical Transactions," No. 252, Weld's Royal Society, I., 357.
SAVERY'S STEAM ENGINE. 239
that the mining interest came to regard new projects with
increasing suspicion. To persuade them that he was no mere
projector, but the inventor of a practicable working engine,
Savery wrote and published his " Miner's Friend." I am not
very fond," he there said, of lying under the scandal of a bare
projector, and therefore present you here with a draught of my
machine, and lay before you the uses of it, and leave it to your
consideration whether it be worth your while to make use of it
Inventors before Savery's time were wont to make a great
mystery of their inventions ; but he proclaimed that there was
no mystery whatever about his machine, and he believed that
the more clearl} r it was understood, the better it would be
appreciated. He acknowledged that there had been many pre-
tenders to new inventions of the same sort, who had excited
hopes which had never been fulfilled ; but this invention which
he had made was a thing the uses of which were capable of
actual demonstration. He urged that the old methods of rais-
ing water could not be carried further ; and that an entirely
new power was needed to enable the miner to prosecute his
underground labors. " I fear," said he, " that whoever by the
old causes of motion pretends to improvements within the last
century does betray his knowledge and judgment. For more
than a hundred years since, men and horses would raise by
engines then made as much water as they have ever done since,
or I believe ever will, or, according to the law of nature, ever
can do; and, though my thoughts have been long employed
about water works, I should never have pretended to any in-
vention of that kind, had I not happily found out this new,
but yet a much stronger and cheaper force or cause of motion
than any before made use of." He proceeded to show how easy
it was to work his engine, boys of thirteen or fourteen years
being able to attend and work it to perfection after a few days'
teaching, and how he had at length, after great difficulty,
instructed handicraft artificers to construct the engine according
240 APPENDIX B.
to his design, so that after much experience, said he, " they are
become such masters of the thing that they oblige themselves
to deliver what engines they make exactly tight and fit for ser-
vice, and as such I dare warrant them to anybody that has occa-
sion for them."* Savery's engine, as described by himself, con-
sisted of a series of boilers, condensing vessels, and tubes. Its
principal features were two large cylindrical vessels, which
were alternately filled with steam from an adjoining boiler, and
with cold water from the well or mine out of which the water
had to be raised. When either of the hollow vessels was filled
with steam, and then suddenly cooled by a dash of cold water, a
vacuum was thereby created, and, the vessel being closed at the
top and open at the bottom, the water was at once forced up
into it from the well by the pressure of the atmosphere. The
steam being then let into the vessel from the top, pressed upon
the surface of the water, and forced it out at the bottom by
another pipe (its return into the well being prevented by a
clack), and so up the perpendicular pipe which opened into the
outer air. The second vessel being treated in the same manner,
the same result followed ; and thus, by alternate filling and
forcing, a continuous stream of water was poured out from the
upper opening. The whole of the labor required to work the
engine was capable of being performed by a single man, or
even by a boy, after very little teaching.
Although Savery's plans and description of the arrangement
and working of his engines are clear and explicit, he does not
give any information as to their proportions, beyond stating
that an engine employed in raising a column of water three and
a half inches in diameter, sixty feet high, requires a fireplace
twenty inches deep. Speaking of their performances he says :
" I have known in Cornwall a work with three lifts of about
eighteen feet each, lift and carry a 3^-inch bore, that cost 42s.
*"The Miner's Friend, or an engine to raise Water by Fire, described, and of the
manner of fixing it in Mines, with an account of the several uses it is applicable unto;
and an answer to the several objections made against it. By Tho. Savery, Gent." Lon-
SAVEKY'S STEAM ENGINE. 241
a day (reckoning 24 a day) for labor, besides the wear and tear
of engines, each pump having four men working eight hours at
14d. a man, and the men obliged to rest at least a third part
of that time." He pointed out that at least one-third part of
the then cost of raising water might be saved by the adoption
of his invention, which on many mines would amount to
" a brave estate " in the course of a year. In estimating the
power of his engine, Savery was accustomed to compare it with
the quantity of work that horses could perform, and hence he
introduced the term " horse-power," which is still in use.
Although, in the treatise referred to, Savery describes an
engine with two furnaces, the drawing which he presented to
the Royal Society showed only one ; and. it appears that in
another of his designs he showed only one cylindrical vessel
instead of two. In order to exhibit the working of his engine
on a larger scale than in the model, he proceeded to erect one
in a potter's house at Lambeth, where, Switzer says, though it
was a small engine, the water struck up the tiles and forced its
way through the roof in a manner that surprised all the specta-
tors. Switzer mentions other engines erected after Savery's
designs for the raising of water at Camden House and Sion
House, which proved quite successful. The former, he says,
was the plainest and best proportioned engine he had seen ; it
had only a single condensing vessel ; and " though but a small
one in comparison with many others of the kind that are made
for coal works, it is sufficient for any reasonable family, and
other uses required for it in watering middling gardens."*
Four receivers full of water, or equal to fifty-two gallons, were
raised every minute, or 3,110 gallons in the hour ; whilst, in
the case of the larger engines with double receivers, 6,240 gal-
lons an hour might easily be raised. The cost of the smaller
engine was about fifty pounds, and the consumption of coal
about a bushel in the twenty-four hours, supposing it was kept
constantly at work during that time.
* Switzer, " Introduction to a General System of Hydrostaticks and Hydraulicks," 237.
242 APPENDIX B.
The uses to which Savery proposed to apply his engine were
various. One was to pump water into a reservoir, from which,
by falling on a water wheel, it might produce a continuous
rotary motion ; another was to raise water into cisterns for the
supply of gentlemen's houses, and for use in fountains, and as
an extinguisher in case of fire ; a third was to raise water for
the supply of towns ; and a fourth to drain fens and marsh lands.
But the most important, in the inventor's estimation, was its
employment in clearing drowned mines and coal-pits of water.
He showed how Avater might be raised from deep mines by
using several engines, placed at different depths, one over the
other. Thus by three lifts, each of 80 feet, water might be
raised from a mine about 240 feet, then considered a very
great depth. From Savery's own accounts, it is evident that
several of his engines were erected in Cornwall ; and it is said
that the first was tried at Huef Vor, or " The Great Work in
Breage," a few miles from Helstone, then considered the richest
tin mine in the county. The engine was found to be an im-
provement on the methods formerly employed for draining the
mine, and sent the miners to considerably greater depths. But
the great pressure of steam required to force up a high column
of water was such as to strain to the utmost the imperfect boil-
ers and receivers of those early days ; and the frequent
explosions which attended its use eventually led to its discon-
tinuance in favor of the superior engine of Newcomen, which
was shortly after invented.
Savery also endeavored to introduce his engine in the coal-
mining districts, but without success, and for the same reason.
The demand for coal in connection with the iron manufacture
having greatly increased in the county of Stafford, and the coal
which lay nearest the surface having been for the most part
" won," the mining interest became very desirous of obtaining
some more efficient means of clearing the pits of water, in order
to send the miners deeper into the ground. Windlass and
buckets, wind-mills, horse-gins, rack-and-chain pumps, adits,
SAVERY'S STEAM ENGINE. 243
and all sorts of contrivances had been tried, and the limit of
their powers had been reached. The pits were fast becoming
drowned out, and the iron masters began to fear lest their manu-
facture should become lost through want of fuel. Under these
circumstances they were ready to hail the invention of Capt.
Savery, which promised to relieve them of their difficulty. He
was accordingly invited to erect one of his engines over a coal
mine at the Broadwaters, near Wednesbury. The influx of
water, however, proved too much for the engine ; the springs
were so many and so strong, that all the means which Savery
could employ failed to clear the mine of water. To increase
the forcing power he increased the pressure of steam ; but
neither boiler nor receiver could endure it, and the steam " tore
the engine to pieces ; so that, after much time, labor, and ex-
pense, Mr. Savery gave up the undertaking, and the engine was
laid aside as useless." *
He was no more successful with the engine which he erected
at York buildings to pump water from the Thames for the supply
of the western parts of London. Bradley says that to increase its
power he doubled every part, but " it was liable to so many dis-
orders, if a single mistake happened in the working of it, that at
length it was looked upon as a useless piece of work, and re-
jected."! Savery's later engines thus lost him much of the credit
which he had gained by those of an earlier and simpler construction.
It became clear that their application was very limited. They
involved much waste of fuel, through the condensation of the
hot steam pressing upon the surface of the cold water, previous
to the expulsion of the latter from the vessel ; and eventually
their use was confined to the pumping of water for fountains
and the supply of gentlemen's houses, and in some cases to the
raising of water for the purpose of working an overshot water
wheel. Various attempts were made to improve the engine by
Bradley, by Papin, by Desaguliers, and others; but no great
*Dr. Wilkes in Shaw's "|Hi9tory of Staffordshire."
t Bradley, " Discourses on Earth and Water, etc.," Westminster, 1727.
244 APPENDIX B.
advance was made in its construction and method of working
until it was taken in hand by Newcomen and Galley, whose
conjoint invention marks an important epoch in the history of
the steam engine.
Not much is known of the later years of Savery's life. We
find him a captain of military engineers in 1702 ;* and in
1705, with the view of advancing knowledge in his special
branch of military science, he gave to the world a translation,
in folio, of Cohorn's celebrated work on fortification. The
book was dedicated to Prince George, of Denmark, to whom he
was indebted, in the same year, for his appointment to the
office of treasurer of the Hospital for Sick and Wounded Seamen.
Various letters and documents are still to be found in the
Transport Office, Somerset House, addressed to him in that
capacity.f In 1714 he was further indebted to Prince George
for the appointment of surveyof to the water works at Hampton
Court ; but he did not live to enjoy it, as he died in the course
of the following year. He is said to have accumulated consid-
erable property, which he bequeathed to his wife, together with
all interest in his inventions. His will was executed on the
day of his death, the 15th of May, 1715, and was proved four
davs after in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. He there
described himself as " of the parish of Saint Margaret, at West-
minster, Esquire." His widow herself died before all his effects
were administered. There was a considerable amount of un-
claimed stock which the Savery family were prevented from
claiming, as it had passed to the widow ; and it has since been
transferred to the credit of the national debt.
*We are informed by Quartermaster Conolly, R. E., who has given much attention
to the early history of the Royal Engineers, that the book of Warrants and Appointments
anno 1712, No. 172J^ in the Tower Record-room, contains the following memorandum in
pencil on the inside cover : [Thomas] " Savery, engineer, officer, 1702-14."
t A pamphlet published in 1712, entitled " An Impartial Enquiry into the Management
of the War in Spain," contains the following reference to Savery : " Sums allowed by
Parliament for carrying on the war in Spain ... for the year 1710. To Thomas Savery,
Esq. : for Thomas Cale, surgeon, for care of disabled soldiers, 306. 6. 4."
EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS RELATING TO
FAMILY OF SAVERY OF DEVONSHIRE.
(Original Spelling Preserved.)
FROM PARISH REGISTERS OF DEVONSHIRE.
FROM Totnes Parish Register:
Allyn, son of Steven Savery.
Christopher, son of Mr. Christopher Savery.
Elizabeth, daughter of Steven Savery.
Parthesia, daughter of Christopher Savery.
Inysake, son of Stephen Savery.
Steven, son of Steven Savery.
Samuel, son of Crystover Savery.
Richard, son of Steven Savery.
Margrett, daughter of Mr. Chrystover Savery.
Chrystover, son of Mr. Chrystover Savery, Mayor.
Margaret, daughter of Steven Savery.
VVelthyn, daughter of Steven Savery.
Frydswide, daughter of Chrystover Savery.
Chrystover and Tymothe, sons of Mr. Christover
Gylles, son of John Savery.
Johan, daughter of John Savery.
Gryssell, daughter of Mr. Steven Savery.
Mary, daughter of Richard Savery.
Margaret, daughter of Christover Savery.
Jone, daughter of Christover Savery, Junior.
Christover, son of Christover Savery, Junior, then
Leonard and Mary, son and daughter of Mr. Chris
Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Chris Savery.
Pesy (?), daughter of Mr. Chris Savery.
Xtopher, son of Samuel Savery.
1594-5. Jan. 6.
1598. May 21.
1600. Nov. 4.
1605-6. Jan. 9.
1606-7. Jan. 3.
- , son of Xtopher Savery.
Samuel, son of Xtopher Savery.
Margaret, daughter of John Savery.
Xtopher, son of John Savery.
Christopher, son of Christopher Savery.
Mr. Richard Savery.
Mr. Allyn Savery.
Mystress lone Savery.
lone, daughter of John Savery.
Margaret, daughter of Cristover Savery.
Mr. Nycholas Savery.
Elizebeth, daughter of John Savery.
Mr. Christopher Savery.
Lenard and Mary, son and daughter of Mr. Chris
John, son of Thomas Savery.
Mr. Richard Sharrye (? Savery).
Xtopher, son of John Savery.
Mrs. Joan Savery, widow.
Mrs. Fridiswide Savery.
Mrs. Joan Savery, widow.
Samuel, son of Mr. Richard Savery.
Mary, daughter of Mrs. Grace Saffery.
Joan, daughter of Mr. Richard Savery.
Joan, daughter of Mr. Richard Savery.
Mrs. Susanna Savery, widow.
Sarah, wife of Mr. William Savery.
Thomas Every * and Johan Savery.
Trystram Maynard and Anuys Savery.
William Ducke and Johan Savery.
Richard Lye and Catharen Savery.
Richard Lucey and Annys Savery.
From Ugborough Parish Register:
Cathren, daughter of Steven Savery, Esq.
Elizabeth, wife of Xtopher Savery, Gent.
Serviugton Savery, Esq.
Thomas Savery, Gent.
1677. Oct. 4.
1679. May 13.
1688-9. March 5.
1695. April 8.
* Probably A very, also a common Devonshire name.
EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS. 247
1651. Feb. 19. Walter Shute, minister of (Cornwood?), and Eliz-
abeth, daughter of Xtopher Savery, of Shilstou
in Modbury, Esq.
1633. Aug. 23. Carew Savery, Gent, and Alice Rich.
1683-4. Jan. 3. Cha 8 Vincent, Gent, and Mrs. Mary Savery.
1686. Oct. 8. Rich d Savery, Gent, and Grace Rich.
1692. April 6. Servington Savery of Shilston, Esq., and Elizabeth
1693-4. Feb. 2. Rich d Savery, Gent, and (N l ?) Prideaux.
1694-5. Jan. 1. Mr. Nicholas Croker and Mrs. Philippa Savery.
From Staverton Parish Register:
1655. Oct. 5. Richard Savery, of Owlacombe, in Rattery, Gent,
and Mrs. Mary Gould, gentlewoman, daughter
of Mrs. Julia Gould, of Staverton, widow.
1755. Dec. 30. Grace Savery.
1777. May 9. Thomas Savery.
1779. Mar. 10. Elizabeth Savery.
From Ashburton Parish Register :
1738. May 28. Mr. Richard Savery and Mrs. Elizabeth Tozer.
From Heavitree Parish Register:
1658. Nov. 14. Mr. John Furse and Mrs. Phillip Savery.
1664. May 19. William Savarye and Ellinor Ashley.
From West Alvington Parish Register:
1646-7. Feb. 11. Nicholas Savery, Gent., and Susanna Holditch.
1627. July 9. Sarah, daughter of Xtopher Savery, Gent.
1629-30. Feb. 21. Thomas, son of Xtopher Savery.
1631. May 8. Mary, daughter of Xtopher Savery, Esq.
1648. April 2. Joan, daughter of Nicholas Savery, Gent.
From Ipplepen Parish Registry:
No entries of Savery.
Ashburton Parish Registry :
Dec. 28. John, son of William Savery, Gent.
Nov. 5. Richard, son of Mr, Rich' 1 .
April 17. Richard, sou of Mr. Rich d .
Marldon Parish Register :
Mar. 19. Xtopher, son of Master Servington Savery.
April 10. Mr. Servington Savery and Mrs. Katherine Lus-
Brixham Parish Register :
Sept. 29. Steven, son of Allyn Savery and Catherine.
Nov. 10. Stephen Borradge and Alice Savery.
St. Keiyans, Exeter, Parish Register :
Dec. 30. Elizabeth, daughter of Giles Savery.
Sept. 3. Eleanor, daughter of Giles Savery.
Aug. 17. Grace, daughter of Giles Savery.
Oct. 13. Mr. Nicholas Savery.
MARRIAGE LICENSES AT EXETER.
Feb. 21. William Martin, of Totnes, and Dorothie Savery,
of Corn wood.
June 7. John Savory, of Rattery, Gent, and Thomasine
Comyn, of Bishop's Teignton.
Dec. 19. Arthur Rupert, Gent, of South Brant, and Joan
Savery, of Rattens
Feb. 3. Rich d Savory, of Yealmbridge, and Jane Pol-
lexfen, of the same.
June 1. George Catling, of Stoke Climsland, and Agnes
Savory, of Quiltriock, Gent.
June 29. Christopher Irish, of Totnes, and Margaret
Savory, of the same.
Jan. 26. Richard Savery and Katherine Hillersdon, of
July 27. Nicholas Savery, of Exeter, merchant, and I )or.
EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS. 249
Circa 1550. - Savery, of Totnes, married Alice, daughter William
Amalas, and widow of Dowse, of Totnes. [Harl.
MSS. 5185, fo. 22.]
Circa 1563. John Arsecott, of Egg Bucklaud, married Marie, daugh-
ter of Christopher Savery of Totnes. She remarried
Anthony Monk, Sept. 13, 1568, at Ashwater. [Harl.
Circa 1660. Arthur Aysheford and Jone, daughter of Servington
Savery, were married. Colby's Visit: Devon, 1564;
Circa - 1540. Philippa, daughter of Philip Dennis, of Padstow, mar-
ried Richard Savery. She was widow of Francis
Courtenay, of Penkivell (Westerton, Devon).
July 21, 1653. William Flamank, of Boscarne, married Mary, daughter
of Christopher Savery, of Shilston, at Shilstou.
Registered at Coll. of Arms. [Flamank pedigree.]
July 13, 1665. William Savery and Bridget, daughter of John Eliot, of
St. Germans, were married at St. Germans. [Parish
The following inquisiones post mortem are in the Public Record
Rd. Savery, Devon 18-20 Elizth. Rd. Savery, Devon, 20 Elizth. Rd.
Savery, 16 James I. Christopher Savery, Esq., 1 Charles I. Royalist
Composition papers (time of Commonwealth), Margaret Savery, Carew
Sayery, Cary Savery, John Savery. In 2 James I., Tho. Savery and Richard
Savery both received pardons by Letters Patent.
Exeter District Probate Register :
I. PRINCIPAL REGISTRY, i. e., the Bishop's.
From 1592 to 1653, no Savery found.
II. TOTNES REGISTRY.
i. Deanery of Plympton, which includes, inter alia, Corn-
wood. No will or administration of Savery from 1600 to 1625
ii. Deanery of Totnes, which includes Totnes and Rattery,
etc., from 1575 to 1625. No Savery will, but the following
administrations occur :
Christopher Savery, of Totton, i. e., Totnes, 1591.
Samuel Savery, of Totton, i. e., Totnes, 1599.
Thomasine Savery, of Dartmouth, 1601.
Christopher Savery, of Totton, 1603.
John Savery, of Dartmouth, 1613.
The papers relating to the administration of Christopher Savery,
1603, show that the grant was made to his brother, Timothy
Savery. It is therefore to be inferrred that he died unmarried,
or at least a widower without issue.
PREROGATIVE COURT OF CANTERBURY.
( INDEX OF WILLS SEARCHED FROM 1583 TO 1625.)
S Watson. Joanne Savery, widow.
To Xtofer, son of Steven Saverye, a gown faced with
To Elizabeth Blacheler, wife of William Blacheler.
If Xtofer die under 21, then to Allan, son of said
To seven of said Steven's daughters now living, 7
To my maid Thomazine Smithe, at discretion of over-
seers until she is 21.
To goddaughter Mary Brokinge, 20/.
To the poor people fcf the Magdalen, 20/.
To my late husband's sisters, 20/.
To every one of my godchildren in the town of Tot-
To the reparation of Tottenes church, 20/, " so that the
parishioners let me be buried in that place of the
church where Joan Savory, wife of Christopher
Savory, was buried.''
To Christopher Savory and Henry Gildon, 40/. They to
Cousin Christopher younger Savory and my cousin
Richard Gribell to be executors. Willing that they
two see the last will of my first husband Alexander
Odian performed. Dated 24th May, 1581. Signed,
To Agnes Savery, daughter of said Steven, a gown.
To Elizabeth, daughter of said Steven, a gown. To
the vicar of Tottenes, 20/.
Witnessed by the executors.
To Elizabeth Forwood, servant to my said sister Joan,
My maid, Thomazine Smith. To Thomas Hine, 20/.
Proved 22d May, 1584.
32 Harrmcjton. 4 March, 1591. Christopher Savory, of Totnes, Devon,
the elder marchauute.
EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS. 251
To be buried in hoi lie earthe. To the vicar of Totnes
To the poor in the Mawdlin house of Totnes, 20/. To
the almshouse of Totnes, 20/. To the poor of Totnes,
207. To the reparation of Totnes church, 107.
Towards the bringing in of the water into the conduit
of the town of Totnes.
To my daughter Frideswede Saverie, 6.13.4.
To son Samuel Saverie, 20.
To son Timothie Saverie. 20.
To son Richard's three daughters, Joane S., Frides-
wede S., and Marie S., 5.
To Christopher Maynarde. 40/.
To Tristram Weekes, John Weekes, and Steven Weeks,
sons of Steven Weekes, 40/.
To Christopher Ducke, Frideswede Ducke and Marie
Ducke, Joan Ducke, Elizabeth Ducke and Philip
Ducke, children of William Ducke, 40/ each.
To Frideswede Lee, Wilmott Lee, Katherine Lee, chil-
dren of Richard Lee, 40/.
To my daughter Ann Weekes, 407.
To my daughter Joan Ducke, 40/.
To my daughter Katherine Lee, 40/.
To my daughter Mary Camme, 40/.
To my daughter Pertozey Kenycott, 40/.
My daughter-in-law Joane Saverie.
Matthewe Camme, John Kenycott, servant Julian Martin?
servant boy Christopher Boss.
My wife Frideswide to be executrix.
William Ducke and Richard Lee to be overseers.
Signed By me, Xrof er Savery, the elder.
Witnessed by Henry Gildon, Gabriell Kenycott, Rich-
ard Martin, William Gildon.
The second part of the will contains the disposition of the
testator's real property, and bears the same date, 4th March*
To Frideswide, my wife, my mansion house in Great
Totnes, where I now dwell. Also lauds in North
Forde in the parish of Dartington ; also lands in
Bridgetown Pomay; remainder to Samuel, my son,
and the heirs of his body ; remainder to Timothy, my
To said Samuel, my son, my manor of Hood Michael;
also lands in Marley, alias Marleighe, in Rattery,
Devon, and all lands in Rattery; remainder to Tim-
252 APPENDIX C.
othy Savery. After death of my wife, Frideswide,
lands in Bridgetown, to Timothy : also the messuage
called Yellond in Rattery; lands in Buckfastleigh,
Tibbcombe in Ashpriugton.
If Samuel and Timothy die without heirs, then to my
daughter, Agnes Weekes, wife of Steven Weekes.
Daughter Katherine Lee, wife of Richard Lee.
Daughter Joan Duck, wife of William Duck.
Daughter Mary Camme, wife of Matthew Cam me.
Daughter Pretezey Kennycott, wife of John Kennycott.
Daughter Frideswide and their heirs ; remainder to my
Signed " by me, Christopher Savery, the elder.''
Proved 21st April, 1592, for Frideswide Savery, the relict.
90 Watson. 10th August, 1617. Helen Saverye, of St. Tolifes,
To Richard Stevens, 20/.
To Richard Radley, 20/.
To Edward Mapley, 20/.
To my sister Mathewe, 5.
To my sister Alice, 5.
To my sister Dorothie Saverye, 5.
To my sister Mary Saverye, 5.
Residue amongst my sisters.
Witnessed by Edith Richardson and Margerye Smythe.
Proved 29th October, 1617.
JOHN THOMAS SAVERY, ESQ., of "the Cottage," Ivybridge,
Modbury, Devonshire, born Nov. 6, 1814, is thirteenth in descent
from John, of Halberton in 1501, through Christopher 2 (Mayor
of Totness), Stephen 3 , Sir Christopher 4 , Col. Christopher 5 ,
Servington 6 (whose brother Richard was father of the inventor) ,
Christopher 7 , Servington 8 (M. A., and F. R. S., inventor of the
artificial magnet), Christopher', John 10 , Christopher 11 (third son,
the elder two being John 11 , the heir, and Servington 11 ), John
Servington 1 -. John" married, first, Sarah Butler Clark of Exeter;
second, Mary, daughter of Math. Towgood, of London, banker.
By the first marriage he had two daughters ; by the second, nine
sons and seven daughters. The sons were ( 1 ) John Servington 12 ;
(2) William; (3) Servington; (4) Christopher; (5) Towgood;
(6) Henry; (7) Frederic; (8) Arthur; (9) Charles. Frederic
and Charles were living in 1882.
TO CHRISTIAN NAMES OF S AVERTS (SAVORY AND
SAVARY), COVERING PAGES 12 TO 173.
Aaron, 24, 25, 26, 36, 46, 61, 108
Abby Caroline .... 84
Abigail ... 96, 104, 105, 109
Abigail Fearing .... 84
Abigail T 79
Abraham Bailey .... 98
Addison H 143
Adolphus 42, 55
Agnes Burbank .... 113
Alanson Spenser ... 86
Albert H 143
Alexander Purves ... 93
Aley Elizabeth .... 49
Alfred William . . .48,64
Alonzo C 88
Amanda W 41, 54
Ann ... 22, 104, 127, 139
Anne Elizabeth .... 52
Ann Maria 82
Anna 106, 137, 171
Anna Louisa 121
Anne . 19, 22, 103, 104, 127, 143
Anne L 131
Anne Pirn 144
Annie B 94
Annie W 118
Anthony, 12 to 18, 26, 28, 29,
Armanilla , 49
Arthur Bourne .
Augusta S. . . .
Augustus . . .
Augusta S. . .
Augustus T. . .
Aurissa William .
. . 101
Barnabas Ellis . . . 38, 50
Bartlett Murdock ... 84
Benjamin, 20, 25, 34, 38, 42, 43,
80, 96, 97, 103, 106, 107,
108, 109, 114, 120, 129, 139
Notes and corrections to 113
Benjamin Balch .... 117
Benjamin Clifton ... 56
Benjamin Harrison . . 88
Benjamin Little .... 113
Benjamin T. . . . 120, 121
Bethiah .... 74, 109, 114
Betsy,61,97, 106, 108, 110, 111, 127
Betsy E 100, 101
Betsy Swift 99
Caroline . . 76, 111, 120, 128
Caroline A 117
Carrie May 42
Carrie P 70, 110
Cecilia J 62, 73
Charity 33, 37
Charles . 119, 127, 129, 141, 144
Charles August . . 129,130
Charles Conklin . . 86, 93, 94
Charles F 127
Charles Foster 90
Charles Griffin . . .,118,122
Charles H. Spurgeon . . 70
Charles L 7!
Charles Peleg ..... 93
Charles Putnam . . no, 118
Charles Roy 101
Charles Thomas .... 49
Charles Virgil 101
Charles W. . . . . .62, 143
Chase 104, 105, 108
Chester Tracy 42
Christine W .131
Clara L 62
Clara Louisa 117
Clarissa 41, 51
Coda J 72
Corbin Barnes .... 38
Cordelia Bartlett ... 82
Cyrus Benjamin .... 98
Cyrus Pettee . . . Ill, 119
Daniel, 26, 105, 107, 111, 118, 149
Deborah .... 34, 36, 37, 39
Deidamia .... 36, 49, 69
Deidamia H 70
Dennis N 46
Dolly Wood 110
Drusilla 78, 80
Eben Rollins 118
Eddie C 94
Edward . . .49,122
Edward Everett . .
Edward Hosnier . .
, 141, 144
. . 50
. . 122
. . 144
Francis Nelson . .
. . 94
. . 117
. . 119
. . 119
. . 57
. . 72
. . 123
Frederic A . ...
George, 44, 46, 79, 87,
115, 121, 122
George (Rev.) . .
. . 88
. . 121
. . 72
. 41, 51
. . 132
75, 80, 88
. . 49
. . 70
. 72, 127
. . 62
. . 109
Eliphalet . .
. . 106
. . 81
37, 46, 80
. 48, 49
. . 43
i, 81, 90,
133, 134 (
, 143, 144
George Clyde . . .
George Cornish . .
George E . .
Eliza Helen . . .
Eliza Whitlock . .
Elizabeth, 32, 38, 39, 7
96, 104, 107, 111
139, 140, 141
George H. . . 58,
George Malcolm . .
George Murray . .
. . 128
George Thomas . . 117, 121
George W 42, 81, 87
George W (Rev.) ... 124
George Washington . . 119
Gustavus AdolyJhus . . 52
Gustine Harriman ... 124
Hannah, 26, 32, 37, 46, 50, 62,
81, 104, 105, 106, 108, 109, 143
Hannah C ... 41
Elizabeths. . . .
Elizabeth Shaw . .
. . 99
. . 83
. . 71
Eloisa Matilda . .
. 41, 52
. . 87
. . 44
Hannah Dalton . .
Hannah Hill . . .
Hannah Perkins . .
. . 110
. . 129
. 78, 85
. 84, 92
. . 58
Emily Williams . .
. . 82
Emma Mabel 56
Esther, 30, 82, 36, 58, 74, 96, 97
Esther L 71
Esther Thurbon .... 113
Hannah Swift . . .
. . 99
. . 71
Harriet Ellen . . .
. . 92
. . 129
Ethel Minnie . . .
. . 72
. . 124
Harrison Stephen .
. . 88
Eugene F. . . .
. . 131
Evelyn Augusta . .
. . 99
. . 57
Helen Jane ....
Helen Louisa . . .
. . 121
. . 119
Fanny ... . .
. . 57
Henrietta . .
Henrietta E. . . .
. 52, 72
4, 57, 127
Fanny Mary . . .
. . 98
Finney Messinger .
. . 101
Henry Phipps Otty .
. . 121
. . 67
Henry Solon . . .
Herbert W. .
. . 88
Hiram 80, 111, 118
Hiram Nye 46,61
Hope Tobey 98
Horace Perry 113
Hosea C 44, 58
Huldah Louisa .... 50
lalossa Bourne .... 56
Ida M 70
Ira A 54
Isaac, 32, 33, 34, 39, 40, 44, 110
Isaac P 41, 53
Isaac Sanford .... 52, 72
Isabella, 129, Notes, etc., to 113
Isabella H 58
Jacob Burgess .... 100
James . 49, 74, 75. 76, 80, 129
James Alfred 49
James C 42,54,90
James Mitchell .... 101
James Taylor 94
Jane 39, 129
Jane Frances 50
Jeannette Evelyn ... 62
Jennie F 50
Jennie Marion .... 123
Joanna Holmes .... 79
Job Briggs 98
Job Luther 101
John, 18, 76, 78, 81, 83, 84, 91,
105, 106, 107, 109, 110, 111,
119, 133, 134, 139
John A 70
JohnBurbank . . 109,113
John C 141, 142
John (Capt.) 106
John Dean 49, 69
JohnHaraden . . 118,122
John Howe 67
John Maximilian ... 91
John Stephenson . 81, 89, 90
John Thomas .... 50, 71
John Whitlock .... 42
Jonathan, . 26, 106, 108, 111
CHRISTIAN NAMES OF SAVEBYS.
Jonathan (Col.) .... 120
Jonathan (Deacon) . . 108
Joseph, 25, 29, 109, 118, 137, 139
Joseph Augustus . 118,123
Joseph B ...... 79, 87
Joseph D ....... 58
Joseph H ...... 49, 70
Joseph Henry ..... 70
Joseph V ....... 131
Josephine ...... 50
Josephine Augusta . . 119
Josephine M ...... 58
Josiah ........ 109
Judee ........ 27
Judith ....... 28,108
Judith Tucker .... 108
Julia Adeline ..... 56
Julia Antoinette .... 86
Juliet ........ 46
Justina ....... 33
Lemuel, 36, 74, 76, 81
Levi Augustus ..
Lewis Alexander .
Lewis Winslow ..
Lizzie Linwood ...
Louisa Lincoln ...
Lucinda B ......
Lucy . . 46,96,109,
Lydia, . . 30, 37, 96,
Lydia Holmes ...
Mabel F ........ 58
Margaret . . . 28,121,134
Margaret Jane .... 48
Maria ....... 39, 46
Maria E ........ 62
Marian F ....... 143
Marietta E. . . . 41
Martha .... 97, 103, 109
Martha J 122
Martha Lorinda .... 113
Martha Maria loo
Martha P 117
Martha Wingate .... 117
Mary, 18, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, 44, 58,
75, 76, 78, 79, 85, 96, 97, 103,
104, 105, 106, 118, 128, 139, 140
Mary A . Fidelia .... 101
Mary Anne 37, 98
Mary C 88
Mary E 41
Mary Elizabeth.38,48, 61, 62,63
Mary Ellis . . . . . 84, 86
Mary Estelle 100
Mary Frances 99
Mary H 144
Mary Hannah 49
Mary Jane 49
Mary M 62
Mary Page 92
Mary Roberts 127
Mary Rollins 117
Mary S 80, 123
Mary Stevens no
Mary Thorndike ... 114
Matilda 37, 44
Mehitable 30, 96
Mercy, 32, 33, 86, 46, 75, 78, 97,
Notes and corrections to 76
Mercy B 81
Mercy D 99
Meribah 84, 38
Mertie M 54
Miner H 70
Moses, . 26, 106, 110, 111, 118,
Moses Putnam .... 110
Moses Washington ... 49
Nancy Messinger ... 98
Nathan, 32, 34, 36, 37, 45, 46, 49,
Nathan Thomas .... 49
Nathaniel, 108, 111, 113, 114,
Nellie Louise in
Nelson II 53
Norma Berkely .... 131
Norman D 79
Patience . . 36, 39, 45, 46, 60
p eleg 33, 75, 77, 86
Peleg Barrows ... 78, 85
Philip Adolphus ... 56
Phineas, 34, 44, 57, 58, 96, 97,
Phineas (Deacon) ... 43
Phineas (Dr.) 98
Phineas (Lieut.) .... i7
Phineas Messinger . 98, 100
Phoebe A 70
Phoebe Frances .... 49
Phoebe S 79
Polly . . . 84, 92, 96, 109, 134
Polly Nye 50
Priscilla . 74, 76, 80, 89, 106, 108
Priocilla Paddock ... 79
Priscilla Parker .... 110
Rachel Johnson .... 113
Rebecca . . 103, 106, 107, 123
Rebecca A 99
Rebecca L 144
Rebecca W. ... 141, 143
Richard, 16, 46, 62, 125, 126, 127,
128, 129, 132
Richard Adrian .... 56
Richard F. ....... 129
Richard Gurney . . 44, 56, 58
(See also "Notes and Cor-
Richard H. B 62
Robert, 16, 19, 102, 103, 104, 106,
107, 109, 110, 126, 127, 128,
Robert Henry 121
Robert Nathaniel ... 118
Roland T 50
Roscoe Conkliug ... 58
Ruby Ann 44
Stephen Porter ... 52, 71
Stephen W 141, 143
Stillman 37, 49
Ruf us H . .
Ruth . 29,58,74,
76, 80, 6, 97
Susanna . 27,28,106,134,143
Susanna Levalley ... 36
Temperance .... 96
Temperance Cornish . 41, 52
Theresa Maria .... 129
Thomas, 12 to 26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
32, 33, 37, 74, 75, 78, 79, 80,
81, 82, 83, 102, 104, 105,
106, 108, 109, 110, 111, 134,
139, 140, 141, 142, 172
Thomas Jr . 19
Sadie Louisa .
Safford . . .
. . 79, 80
Samuel, 26, 27, 28, 30, 32, 34, 41,
44, 76, 95, 96, 97, 103, 104,
105, 107, 110, 139
Samuel, Jr 27
Samuel (Capt.) .... 96
Samuel (Rev.) .... 41
Samuel Marston, or Munson,
Sanford S 41
Sarah, 34, 36, 38, 44. 58. fil. 75.
Thomas (Deacon) . . 74, 86
Thomas (Hon.) . ... 82
Thomas (Major ) ... 109
Thomas A Hanson ... 58
Thomas C 131
Thomas Charles . . . . 131
Thomas Collins . 127, 129, 131
Thomas F. . % . ... 94
103, 106, 107, 1
L09, 111, 140,
Thomas G . . . . . 87, 94
Thomas H. . . . 141, 143, 144
Thomas William . . .67, 110
Timothy 34 38
Sarah Adelaide .
Tirza Tobey 84
Tristram Thurlow ... 114
Uriah, 29, 30, 31, 34, 36, 38, 39,
44, 48, 49, 50
Sarah Ann Bailey
Sarah J. . . .
Sara Kendall . .
Sarah Lydia . .
Sarah Nelson . .
. . . 122
. . 41, 53
. . . 99
Vesta P 72
Seth A. .
Waitstill Atwood . . 84, 92
Waldo Bartlett .... 93
Walter A 58
Walter Burgess .... 56
Walter H 143
Seth Besse . .
Silvia . . . ...
Solena . . .
. . 34, 39
50, 79, 109
Walter Harriman . 119, 124
Walter James 90
Walter Scott 131
Ward W 71
(See also " Notes and Cor-
Warren 119, 122
Warren Hapgood ... 56
Wilhelmina Isabel ... 99
Willard A. ...... 123
William, 13, 14, 17, 46, 57, 74,
75, 76, 78, 81, 84, 91,
93, 96, 97, 99, 102, 103,
105, 106, 107, 109, 110,
127, 133, 134, 136, 139,
140, 141, 142, 146-173
William, Sr 136-139
William (Dr.) . . . 138, 142
William Alonzo .... 58
William Aloysius ... 94
William Briggs .... 101
William Cooper .... 56
William Curtis .... 84
William E 70
William Egbert ... 92, 94
William Grant .... 100
William H. 121, 129, 141, 144
William H. (Rev.) . . . 121
William Henry, 49, 86, 90, 93,
William Henry Aloysius, 94
William Perley .... 118
William Peters .... 90
William S. . . .79, 80, 87, 88
William Thomas . . 82,129
Winifred Maria .... 99
Wolcott Smith 88
TO CHRISTIAN NAMES OF SEVERYS AND SAVERYS OF THE
SAME ORIGIN (SEVRIT OR SEVERIT, SAVORY, SAVARY),
COVERING PART II., PAGES 177 TO 212.
Aaron ... 184, 189, 190, 197
Abigail .... 187, 188, 189
Agnes T 212
Albert Allen . . . .202,211
Alden B 190
Alice M 194
Amos 187, 188, 195
Amos Henry 210
Andrew 178, 179
Annie L 201
Archibald 184, 190
Arthur Mellin 199
Asa . . . . 184, 188, 189, 191
Belle C 208
Belle J 206
Benjamin . . . 181, 183, 187
Benjamin Franklin ... 199
Bertha B 208
Bessie F 209
Bessie M 210
Betsy . . 182, 191, 192, 195, 196
Birdie, notes and corrections
Carrie H 195
. 190, 204
Charles A. . . .
. 198, 211
Charles Allen . .
Charles E. . . .
Charles Henry .
Charles Lewis .
Charles P. . . .
Charlotte . . .
190, 196, 198
Chester Forrest .
ChetK. .' . . .
Clara Belle . . .
Clarence E. . . .
Clarence H. . . .
Clarence Lucius .
ClarindaP. . . .
. 190, 200
. 182, 188
Cora Belle . . .
. 190, 200
Daniel . . 181, 185, 191, 192, 202
David . . 178, 183,
185, 186, 194
David W. . . .
. . . 192
, 197, 210
. . 188
Edgar A. . . .
. . . 207
Edith Louise . .
Kdward . . 178,
183, 186, 188
Edwin L. . . .
. ". .206
Edwin Victor . .
Elijah 196, 210
Elisha 186, 210
Eliza Ann 196
Eliza Jane 203
Elizabeth . . .180, 187, 202
Elizabeth A 212
Elizabeth Ann .... 199
Elva G 209
Elmer A 201
Emery F 200
Emma C 208
Emma Genevieve ... 211
Enid May 201
Ephraim 186, 194
Ernest A 209
Ernest Elisha 210
Esther S 203
Ethel F 207
Eugene W 195
Eunice Emeline .... 196
Everett Holt 199
Everett Williams ... 202
Fanny 196, 210
Fidelia .... 193,204,210
Flora M 206
Florence E 209
Florence L 194
Frances A 205
(See " Notes and Correc-
Frances E 197
Frances Helena .... 197
Francis Solomon ... 188
Frank B 209
Frank Dexter 210
Frank Edwin ... . 19
Frank Warren .... 201
Franklin A 208
Franklin C 194
Fred Albert 201
Freeman 188, 196
George . . 187, 196, 203, 209
George Carroll ... 187
George H 208
George Lester .... 199
George Mellin .... 199
George Simmons . . . 192
George W. . 194, 195, 207, 208
Harriet .... 189, 193, 196
Harriet Maria .... 188
Harriet Richmond ... 203
Harriet U 195
Harrison B 203
Helen C 207
Helen J 200
Henry F 201
Herbert G 208
Herman 187, 198
Hervey H 206
Horace H 211
Huldah . . ' 192
Ida . .
Ida B. .
Ira . .
Jacob . 181, 184, 187, 188, 197
James 178, 180
James B. ....'. 197, 211
James E 200, 203
James Enoch 199
(See "Notes and Correc-
Jefferson T 194
Jehiel 195, 208
Jennie B 208
Jennie C 206
Joanna ...... 182
John, 178, 179, 180, 181,182, 183,
184, 186, 192, 203, 206, 212
John E 200
John H 195, 208
John Moody 197
John T 190, 200
John William 211
Jonathan, 178, 183, 186, 193,
Jonathan M. . . . 194, 206
Joseph, 180, 181, 182, 183, 185,
186, 194, 209
Joseph Emerson, 185, 193, 206
Joseph Rhodes . . 184, 187
Judith ... .183, 187
Julia Gould . 199
Laura Ann 212
Laura K. J 195
Leila Perrin 201
Lena P 211
Lena W 197
Leon F 201
Leslie ........ 209
Lester G 207
Lettie Butterfleld ... 201
L evi .196
Lewis W.. 209
Lillian V 201
Lillie M 208
Lucretia . . . 187
Lucy ... .183, 196, 210
Lucy A 195, 198, 200
Luella L 208
Luther Wright .... 202
Lydia, 181, 182, 184, 185, 188,
Mabel T. ...... 207
Maggie E 209
Marshall .... 187, 196
M arshall Harrison . . . 1P7
Martha A 196, 208
Martha E. ...... 195
Martha L. ...... 208
Martha N. 209
Marvin L 205
Mary, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183,
184, 185, 188, 191, 192, 194,
Mary Ann .... 193, 204
Mary Betsy 199
Mary Drew 202
Mary Frances 207
Mary M 208
Maude E 206
Melvin L 201
Miriam Stone 206
Moody . . 184,187,188,189
Moody Holman .... 188
Morris H 197
Moses 191, 201
Moses Holman .... 190
Nancy . ,
CHRISTIAN NAMES OF SEVERYS AND SAVERYS,
Nehemiah, 181, 182, 185, 192, 203
Nehemiah Lewis ... 203
Nolan C 207
Oliver A 194,207
Orvis W. ... 207
. . 182
Phoebe . 186, 187, 190, 191, 195
Phoebe Ann ..... 202
Polly ..... 190,198,210
Priscilla Morton .... 202
. 183, 187, 1%
Robert Winsor .... 203
Rosanna ....... 187
Roxana ....... 188
Rufus ....... 190
Ruth ...... 184,191
Sally . . . 182, 185, 188, 192
Samuel .... 184, 191, 194
Sarah . 181, 182, 183, 184, 194
Sarah A 194
Sarah Briggs 192
Sarah C 203
Sarah Cornish 203
Sarah J 195
Sarah L 207
Silas 190, 199
Solomon, 178, 182, 183, 188, 191,
Stephen Augustus . 206,212
Thomas, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182,
183, 184, 186, 192, 202
Trueman C. .211
Vera . .
191 Wallace F.
Walter .... 195, 201,209
Walter C 193,203
Walter Lee 207
Walter M 204
Warren W. .... 193,204
Washington P. . . 193, 204
Wilbur W 193,204
Willard .... 188, 190, 193
Willard W 204
William, 187, 189, 193, 194, 195,
William Clarke .... 196
William Franklin . 196, 209
William Gould .... 199
William H 208
William H. H 198
William Jonathan . 195,208
William P 15)4
William Soule 192
Willie L 207
Willis J 193
Winfleld C 207
Winsor Thomas .... 203
198 Zilpah, or Zilpha
TO SURNAMES OF PERSONS CONNECTED BY MARRIAGE, IN
CLUDING DESCENDANTS OF DAUGHTERS, COVERING
PART I. AND II., PAGES 12 TO 212.
Adams, 58, 78, 86, 87, 105, 106, 199
Alexander 79, 82
Allansou 51, 5b
Allen . . .42, 49, 74, 191, 198
Annable .... 127, 128, 129
Notes and corrections to 76
Baker . . 199, 203, 204, 205, 209
Balch ... 106, 110, 115, 118
Barker . 126
Barrows 62, 74, 77
Bartlett ... 84, 87, 90, 203
Bates 30, 1*4
Baxter 87, 89, 201
Benson 32, 97
Bent 39, 79, 85, 96
Besse 97, 99
. . . 79
Cammilli . . .
Bills . .
Bisbee . .
Blake . .
Bliss . .
Bolles . .
. . . 189, 197
Carty . ...
. . . 46,50,61
Bompasse, 31, 32
Caswell . . .
. . 33, 194
Chaddock . .
Chandler . . .
. 104 110
Bonn ell .
Cheney . . .
. ... 56, 96, 99
Churchill, ... 192, 202, 209
Notes and corrections to 76
Chute 37, 49
Claflin .... 194
. 44, 61,96
. . 119
Cleveland . .
Cline . .
. 33, 44, 100
Bump . .
Bumpas or ]
Notes, etc., to 76
. . 34, 77, 101, 212
Bumpus, 28, 31, 32,
34, 95, 96, 100
, 75, 79, 104, 105, 108
47, 56, 77, 82, 100
, 184, 202, 203
. 108, 120
Col burn . . .
Cole . . . 76, '
. . 107, 123
7, 82, 1!3, 212
Conklin . .
. . . 85
Corbin . . .
Cornish . . .
. . .61, 198
Crowell . .
Cryer . . -
Curtis . . .
Cushing . .
. . 74
. . 37
' 141 I Falline
75, 99, 180 Faunce
65, 68, 69
. 85, 88, 147
. . . 79
Fitts I 8 "' 189
Foote 51, 106
. . 46
75, 80, 87
Dakin I 97
Day l 88
De la Noye 56
Dexter 39, %
Fuller 38, 77, 85,
Gammons 45, 77
Forbush . .
Forpyth . .
Foster . . .
Freeman . .
French . .
Hall 39, 205
Hammond . . . .39,50,100
Hancock 39, 200
Hardy . 69, 80, 103, -105, 110
Harrlman .... 119, 20
. 50, 96, 97, 98, 99
Dixon 129 Gilbert 20
Dorr H7 Gilmore 12
Doty 37, 51 Gleason 52, 19
Douglas 45 Goodale 12
Dow Ill, H9 Goodnough 184
Drake 36, 47 Goodrich 10
Drinkwater 50 Goodwin ..'... 107, 12
Duffle 124 Gordon 79
Dunbar 49, 119 Gorham 98
Dunham 37, 76 Gould 199, 200
Dunnell 91 1 Qove 131
Healy . .
Hewit . .
Hians . .
Hiller . .
33, 34, 39, 47, 70
Notes, etc., to 65
Dunstan ....... 79
Durell ..... . . 132
Dutch ........ 106
Dwlnall ....... 198
Graves ...... 58, 195
Green ....... 47, 191
G reenleaf,50Notee,etc.,to 76
Griffin ...... 118, 188
Eastman ..... 197, 201 1 Griffith ...... 97, 122
Eddy, 20, 21, 22, 24, 30, 208, 212 Grower ....... 58
Edson ........ 88 Gurney . . . .34, 37, 41,
Eldridge ....... 97
Elliott ....... 85 1 Hadley ....... 44
Ellis, 38, 39, 49, 85, 96, 194, 195, Haines or Hians .... 65
Eustis ........ 198 1 See notes and corrections
. 183, 188, 190
Holmes, 33, 49, 75, 80, 81, 82, 88,
89,111,192,193 Notes, etc., to 76
Homan . . .
Hosmer . .
Houghton . .
Houston . . .
Howard . .
Rowland . .
Hubbard . .
Hyler . .
. . 5
. . 19
. . 14
. . 6
. . 8
SURNAMES OF PERSONS CONNECTED BY MARRIAGE. 265
Jgle . . . .
Manning . .
3man . . . .
Drdway . . .
. . 30, 190
Otty . . . .
. . 64, 67 68
Marshall . .
... 47, 49
Paddock . .
. . 106
Martin . .
Mason . . .
. . 101, 119
. 51, 52, 206, 209
Palmer . .
Parker . 103,
Parlow . .
106, 117, 122, 210
. . . 180,182
. 80 121
Mattison . .
. . 59, 131
Johnstone . .
Jowett . . . .
Mazaro, Notes, etc., to 113
Payne . . .
> earce . .
Pearson . .
. . 39, 89
McGill . .
McKay . .
Kendall . . . .
Kenney . . .
121, 186, 190
Peele . .
Kershaw . . .
M pi 1 rr
Peplow . .
. . 34, 195
Mendall oo, OB, ua
Mendon, or Mendum, 127, 128
Messenger 37, 98
Millet - - - 128
Perkins . .
. . . . 77, 106
. . 110
. 39, 59, 184
26 28 31 56
. ... 188
Perry . -
. ... 190
Peterson . .
. ... 119
Milner . .
Mitchell . .
. . 52,100, 102
. . . 39, 96
Lamphier . .
. ... 194
. . . 193, 206
Lanman . . .
. . . . 80
. . . . 92
Morse . 45, 80, 89, 189, 197, 198
Morton ... 76, 77, 82, 202,
Notes and corrections to 76
Moulton ..... 179,180
. . . . 49, 126
. ... 109
Porter . . .
. . . . 51, 60
Leonard . . .
Levalley . .
. . . 38, 77
Powell . .
Pratt . .77,
Munson . .
78, 85, 89, 194, 208
. . .26,28,114
Lilley . .
Littlefleld . .
Littlehale . .
. . . . 205
Newman . .
Newton . .
Nichols . .
Noland . .
. . . 191,196
. . 98, 99, 13
... 49, 97
Look . . .
... 104, 109
. . . . 12
. . 70, 97, 195
. . .69, 190
. . . . 12
Norton . .
Ludlam . . .
Noyes . . .
Rennells . .
Reno . .
Macaulay . .
. . 69
Richardson . .
Richmond . .
Robbins, Notes, etc., to 76
Robinson 39, 84
Rogers .... 39, 57, 72, 74
Rollins . 104,109,200
Russell 119, 198
Ryder . . 37, 50, 59, 82, 98, 99
Sabln . . .
Samson . .
. 30, 79, 81
. . 29, 106
Savery (intermarriages), 47,
49, 50, 69, 99, 203
Scattergood . . . 140, 141
Severy (intermarriages), 79,
187, 188, 196
Shaw 77, 82
Shurtliffe, 75, 76, 77,80,88,92,211
Smith, 86, 44, 62, 69, 72, 7P, 105,
128, 129, 190, 194, 200, 203
Snow . . . .49, 9*., 210, 211
. 79, 192
. . 196
. . 39
Spinney . .
Spofford .... 106, 109, 113
Spooner ...... 46, 87
Sprague ....... 206
Spurr ........ 66
Stanahil ....... 58
Stanley ..... 111,134
Stark ........ 131
Stebbins ....... 90
Stephens ...... 74, 203
Stevens ..... 131,197
Stewart ....... 181
Stickney ....... 108
Stillings ....... 206
Stimson ....... 191
St. John ....... 195
Stockwell .... 180, 183
Stone ...... 114,193
Straw ...... 110,111
Studley ...... 196
Sturgis . . . % . . . . 88
Sturtevant ...... 95
Swift, 29, 36, 38, 41, 44, 59, 96,
97, 99, 192, 202
Thomas, 32, 69,
63, 94, 144, 195, 208
. . . . 105, 108
76, 77, 81, 99,
181, 209, 211
... 52, 87
'. . . . 70
. 89, 181, 182
. . 193, 194
. 189, 191, 198
Van Norden .
Van Schaack .
Varney . .
Vaughan . . .
Vickery . . .
Vincent . . .
Vronian . . .
. . 49
. . . 91
. . . 128
61, 77, 202
. - . 129
. . . 62
Walker, 82, 110, 114, 127, 128,
188, 197, 199
Warner 37, 69
Washburn 39, 45
Waterman . . . 88,98,211
Webb ...... 128, 141
W r elcome 129
Wellman 39, 130
Notes and corrections to 51
Williams 58, 88, 182
Wing 29, 61
Notes and corrections to 129
Winslow 91, 195
Wood, 77, 106, 123, 187, 202, 209
Woodrorke . . . 16,17,19
Worthylake .... 36, 48
Wright 36, 49, 82
PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE
CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET
UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY
Savary, A. W. (Alfred William)
7! A genealogical and
S266 biographical record of
1893 the Savery families