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Full text of "Genealogical and family history of the state of Maine;"

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TUK LI 1! HAH IKS 




Bequest of 

Frederic Bancroft 

1860-1945 



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GENL'MDCICAL AND FAMILY HISTORY 

01- rill'; 

STATE OF MAINE 



COMPILED UNDER THE EDITORIAL SUPERVISION OF 

GEORGE THOMAS LITTLE, A. M., Litt. D. 

Librarian of Bowdoin College Vice-President Maine Genealogical Society 

Member Maine Historical Society Honorary Member Minnesota Historical Society 

Member American Historical Association Member of Council, American Library Association 

Author "Little Genealogy" 

AND INCLUDING AMONG OTHER LOCAL CONTRIBUTORS 

REV. HENRY S. BURRAGE, D.D. 

State Historian Chaplain of National Home, Togus 

AND V 

ALBERT ROSCOE STUBBS 

Librarian Maine Genealogical Society 



VOLUME I 



ILLUSTRATED 



LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 

NEW YORK 
1909 



V I 



Copyright, 1909, 

LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY. 

New York. 



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INTRODUCTORY 



Tl 1 li present "Genealogical and Family History of the State of Maine" 
presents in the aggregate an amount and variety of genealogical and 
I>ersonal information and portraiture unci|ualled by any kindred pub- 
lication. Indeed, no similar work concerning Maine I-aniilies has ever l>efore 
been presented. It contains a vast amount of ancestral history never before 
printed. The object, clearly defined and well digested, was threefold: 

First. To present in concise forni the history of Maine Families of 
the Colonial Days. 

Second. To preserve a record of the prominent present-day people of 
the State. 

Third. To present through personal sketches the relation of its prom- 
inent families of all times to the growth, singular prosperity and widespread 
influence of Maine. 

There are numerous voluminous histr)ries of the State, making it 
unnecessary in this work to even outline its annals. What has been pub- 
lished, however, relates principally to civic life. The amplification neces- 
sary to complete the picture of the State, old and nowaday, is what is sup- 
plied by these Genealogical- and Family Memoirs. In other words, while 
others have written of "the times," the pro\ince of this work is to be a 
chronicle of the people who have made Maine what it is. 

Unique in conception and treatment, this work constitutes one of the 
most original and permanently valuable contributions ever made to the social 
history of an American commonwealth. In it are arrayed in a lucid and 
dignified manner all the im])ortant facts regarding the ancestry, personal 
careers and matrimonial alliances of those who. in each succeeding genera- 
tion, have been accorded leading positions in the social, professional and 

business life of the State. Nor has 

it been based upon, neither does it 

minister to, aristocratic prejudices 
and assumptions. On the contrary, 

its fundamental ideas are thoroughly 

American and democratic. The work 

everywhere conveys the lesson that 

distinction has been gained only by 

honoral)le public service, or bv use- 
fulness in private station, and that 

the de\elopment and prosperity of 

the State has been dependent upon the 

character of its citizens, and in the 

stimulus -which they haxe given to 

commerce, to industry, to the arts 

and sciences, to education and reli- 

Sln WjLLIAM Pepperell. 




L\ rkUDULlCJRY 



sjion — to all that is comprised in the highest civilization of the present day 

through a continual progressiNe devcloijnient. 

The inspiration underlying- the jirescnt \voH< is a fervent appreciation 
of the truth so well expressed by Sir Walter Scott, that "there is no heroic 
poem in the world hut is at the bottom the life of a man." And with this 
goes a kindretl truth, that to know a man. and rightly measure his char- 
acter, and weigh his achievements, we must know whence he came, from 
what forbears he sprang. Truly as heroic poems have been written in 
human lives in the paths of peace as in the scarred roads of war. Such 
examples, in whatever line of endeavor, are of much worth as an incentive 
to those who come afterward, and as such were never so needful to be writ- 
ten of as in the present day, when pessimism, forgetful of the splendid 
lessons of the past, withholds its effort in the present, and views the future 
only with alarm. 

Every community with such ample history as Maine, should see that 
it be worthily supplemented by Genealogical and Personal Memoirs of its 
leading families and prominent citizens. Such a work is valuable in its his- 
toric utility as a memorial of the development and progress of the com- 
nnmity from its very founding, and in the jiersonal interest which attaches 
to the record made by the individual. 

Out of these considerations the authors and publishers have received 
encouragement and ap[)roval of authorities of the iiighest standing as gen- 
ealogists, historians and litterateurs. In the production of this work, no pains 
have been spared to ensure absolute truth — that quality upon which its value 
in every feature depends. The material comprising the genealogical and per- 
sonal records of the active living, as well as of the honored dead, have been 
gathered by men and women experienced in such work and acquainted with 
local history and ancestral families. These have appealed with confidence 
to the custodians of faniil\- records concerning the useful men of preceding 
generations, and of their descendants' who have lived useful and honorable 
lives. Such custodians, who availed themselves of this opportunity of having 
this knowledge placed in preservable and accessible form, have performed 
a jniblic service in rendering honor to whom honor is due, in preserving 

the distinction which rightfully 
belongs to the Colonial Fami- 
lies, and which distinguishes 
them from later immigrations; 
and in inculcating the most val- 
ualile and enduring lessons of 
liatriotism and good citizenship. 
Than Maine, no other State 
or region offers a more ])eculiar- 
ly interesting field for such re- 
search. Its sons — "native here, 
and to the manner born," and 




POBTLJkSU KBOM THE UaY. 



INTRUIJUCTORY iii 

• 
of splendid ancestry — Iiave attained distinction in every field of human 
eflfort. An additional interest attaches to tlie present undertaking- in the 
fact that, while dealing- primarily with the history of native Maine, this 
work approaches the dignity of a national epitome of genealogy and biog- 
raphy. Owing to the wide dispersion throughout the country of the old 
families of the State, the authentic account here jiresented of the constituent 
elements of her social life, past and present, is of far more than merely 
local value. In its special field it is, in an appreciable degree, a reflection 
of the development of the country at large, since hence went out repre- 
sentatives of historical families, in various generations, who in far remote 
places — beyond the Mississipjii and in the h'ar West — were with the van- 
guard of ci\-ilization, building- up communities, creating new common- 
wealths, planting, wherever thev went, the clun"ch, the schoolhousc and the 
nrinting press, leading into channels of thrift and enterprise all who gath- 
ered about them, and proving a power for ideal citizenshi]) and good 
government. 

These records are presented in a series of independent genealogical and 
personal sketches relating to lineal familv heads, and the most conspicuous 
representatives in the present generation. There is an entire avoidance of 
the stereotyped and unattractive manner in which such data is usually pre- 
sented. The past is linked to the present in such style as to form a sym-_ 
metrical narrative exhil)iting- the lines of descent and the history of distin- 
guished menibcrs in each generation, thus giving to it a distinct personal 
interest. That these ends are conscientiously and faithfully ccjnserved is as- 
sured by the cordial personal interest and recognized capability of the super- 
vising editors, of promii-ient connection with the leading patriotic societies, 
all of whom have long pursued genealogical in\estigations with intelligence 
and enthusiasn-i. 

A very happy arrangement was that which secured the services of 
George Thomas Little, A. M., Litt. D., as editor-in-chief. Of course, it 
was a physical impossibility for Professor Little to conipile all the matter 
for this work, Init his aid and assistance have been invaluable, and many 
articles herein are the pmduct of his pen. Rev. Henry S. Burrage, D. D.. 
has also been a very valuable contributor. The efficient aid of Mr. Nathan 
Goold. Librarian of the Maine Historical Society, is gratefully acknowl- 
edged. His familiarity with the 
history of Maine and its families, 
~^-. and with the authorities touching 
the san-ie. have been of much value. 
antl his knowledge has been gener- 
ous!}- afforded at all times when 
called upon. The same may be 
"''^.' : ■' said of .Mbert Roscoe Stubbs, Li- 

''^i^ brarian nf the Maine Genealogical 
ou) .Mill, sa.nuvi'ui.nt. Society. Other leading citizens of 



■r^ I'M-' 




iv INTRODUCTORY 

the state liave contributed aid in many ways. One of the most active and 
dihgent writers is J. C. Jenning-s. Esq.. a native of Wayne, Androscoggin 
coimty, wliose tliorough scholarship and cntlnisiasm and interest in genealog- 
ical work ha\e made his services invaluable. 

After two years of diligent labor, the publishers place this work in the 
hands of their patrons and in libraries, with the confident assurance that it 
will be found a valuable assistance to coming generations of the Sons of 
Maine, in tracing their ancestry. It is believed that it includes the main 
stem of the familv tree of every family of any importance in Maine, and 
in many cases it has been practicable to carry down several lines to the 
present time. It has reached out to cities of the West, as well as the East, 
where worthy Sons of Maine are now abiding, and has brought together and 
made acquainted many remotely separated and divergent lines of descent 
from a common ancestor. In all cases, the matter for the work has been 
submitted in typewritten manuscript to the persons most interested, for cor- 
rection. If, as occurs at times, a sketch is faulty or incomplete, the short- 
coming is mainly ascribable to paucity of data, or conflicting records, many 
families being at disagreement with regard to given names and dates. 

It is believed that the present work, in spite of the occasional fault which 
always attaches to such undertakings, will prove a real addition to the mass 
of annals concerning the old families of Maine, and that, without it, much 
• valuable information would be left inaccessible to the general reader, or 
irretrievably lost, owing to the passing away of custodians of family records, 
and the consequent disappearance of material in their possession. 

THE PUBLISHERS. 




V;l,v ui -Maluias. 




Judges of Supreme Court. 




Old Court House, Portland. Built lSl(i. 



ADDENDA AND ERRATA 

nigelow. p. 800, gen. VI.: John E. Blgelow married (.second) Polly Bunker: Hiram married 
Hannali McPhcters. In gen. VII: George Higelow married (flr.«t) .\Iartba (Ring) Boardman (sec- 
ond) Caroline Longley. P. 801. gen. VIII : Augustus \V. Blgelow was a postal clerk from Bangor 
to Boston, from Vanceboro to Bangor, and from F'armlngton. etc.; his wife was born in Etna Maine- 
their daughter Anna married, October 1, 1895, Joseph E. Lamb. 

liisbce. George D.. p. 1347 : has served as president of Maine State Bar Association. 

Clarke, p. 1890, col. 2, line 2: birth of Theodore Leander Jr. should be December 11, 1903 

Cleaves. Robert A., p. 97 : he died March 15, 1909, at Lafayette Hotel. Portland, and was 
burled at Bridgton, Maine. 

Cook, p. 1902. col. I: the epitaph on gravestone of Rev. Solomon Aiken, at Hardwick. Vermont, 
is as follows: In youth a Soldier of the Revolution; in age a Christian Pastor; and through life 
the Inflexible friend of civil and religious liberty." 

Eastman, p. 58(; : Reference to Ebcnezer (I) should read Philip (II). p. 1596. 

Emery, p. 951 : citation at head should be to John Emery (I), instead of Anthony, and William 
(VII). the latter on p. 1725. (VII i William on p. 951 should read (VllI) William. 

Fuller, p. 23, gen. VIII: for Catherine Martin, read Catherine Martin Weston. 

Gardner, p. 678. col. 2: Fred L. Gardner is a . past master of Crescent Lodge F. and A. M.. 
Pembroke, Washington county ; and George R. Gardner is a past master of St. Croix Lodge, F. and 
A. M. 

Hayes, p. 1462, gen. VI: for Sklllin read Sklllings ; among children, for Deslah read Desire 
Lorlng. 

Jordan, p. 1226, col. I, parag, I : the name Rishworth is on some authorities given as Rich- 
worth. 

Lord. Thomas Bradbury, p, 2258, col. 2: he was born in Limerick, Maine: he married. In 
Hiram. Maine, Clarissa, born in Hiram, daughter of John Watson. 

Milliken, p. 2243: In reference line at beginning, for Hoyle Millikeu, read Hugh Milllken. 

Oakes. p. 2202, gen. V: Deacon John Oakes married (first) in 1780. Patience Nason, born June 
6, 1764. died 1799, and (second) Susannah P. Staples, who died February 9, 1838. He carried on 
a large farm, was prominent in local alTairs. especially in the <'hurch, and was an intimate friend 
of the well-known evangelist. Rev. Jotham Sewall. He died March 17. 1845. Gen. VIII: children 
of Henry W. Oakes: Raymond Silvesler, born June 23. 1887, and Wallace Toothaker, March 12, 1890. 

Paul. p. 650, gen. VI : Stephen Paul was a master ship carpenter, and built a number of ves- 
sels at Durham. New Hampshire; was a lieutenant in Company A. under Capt. Wiggins, in war of 
1812; he married Temperance Bllerson ; in addition to children named, they had a daughter, 
Harriett. 

Pennell. Walter J., p. 699 : he was a student at Greeley Institute, Cumberland Center, and 
Nichols Latin School of Lewlston. Maine, where he graduated In 1886. After two years in Bates 
College he entered the medical department of Bowdoin College, where he remained one year, then 
entered the University of Vermont, etc. in 1900 Bates College conferred upon him the degree of 
A. M. In addition to societies named, he is a member of the Maine Eye and Ear Association. In 
Masonry he is a Knight Templar, etc. His marriage occurred November 29, 1S91 ; the second of his 
children dle<l at the age of seven years. 

Perkins, p. 515. col. 2: Mary Hawthorne Higglns, wife of Frederick C. Perkins, died February 
11, 1909. 

Perkins, p. 1195. gen. VIII: Aurella Frances Perkins, who became wife of William Edward 
Maddocks. is an authoress of no mean ability, writing for publication many beautiful and pathetic 
pieces, both in poetry and prose, during the civil strife of 18t>l-65. 

Perkins, p. 1196, col. 2: in connection with Lewis Wentworth Perkins (III) see Cbadbourne 
family elsewhere. 

Philbrook. Warren C, p. 321 : Mr. Phllbrook was elected attorney general of Maine, January 7, 
1909. and was duly admitted and qualified as an attorney and coun.selor of the Supreme Court of 
the United States on May .''.d. same year. 

Quimby. p. 626. Quinby. p. 1099: one family authority (Mr. Henry C. Quinby) says that the 
uanie of the founder of the family. Robert (see p. 626), invariably used the Quinby form, as indi- 
cated by original documents on tile at Salem. Massachusetts ; that his son.s and grandsons used the 
same form without any exception ; and that it was not until the fourth generation that the Quimby 
form began to appear in New Hampshire 

CJuinhy. p. 1100. gen. VII; Moses Quinby graduated from Howdoln College in 1806. Gen. VIII, 
Henry Brewer Quinby. name of daughter. Candace Ellen. 

Roberts. Hamlin M., p. 1639: in connection see Rich family, in another place 

Sautelle, William H., p. 2247, col. 2 : Mr. Sautelle Is a member of Oriental Star Ix)dge, F. and 
A. M. ; St. Matthew's Chapter, R. A. M.. and St. Omer Commandery. K T. : also of Kora Temple, 
Mystic Shrine. Lewlston. In politics he Is a Republican, and In religion a Unlvcrsallst. Child of 
Edwin C. and Mary (Sautelle) Goodwin: Edwin Crane Goodwin Jr.. born July 26, 1908, In Dorches- 
ter, Mass. 

Shepherd, p. 1555. col. 2, last parag: In connection with this see Stanwood family elsewhere 
In this work. 

Sylve.^ter. p. 303. col. 2. parag. 1 : among children, for Eliza Charlotte read Elizabeth Charlotte. 
Vcrrlll Albert Edward, p. 1700 gen. VI: from records in family Bibles It Is learned that his 
paternal great-grandfather was not Samuel Variel, but Davis Variel, who was born August 30, 1759, 
married (first) Elizabeth Jumper, and their r\i\n<t chll<h Samuel was horn February 6. 1 TS2 



VI 



INDEX 



Volume I comprises pages 1-500; Volume II. pages 501-1050; Volume IH, pages 1051-1650; Volum 
IV, 1651-2283. 

Note; Where the asterisk (*) appears, reference is made to .\ddenda ami Errata page. 



.•\ 

Abbott Ancestry, 321, 
323, 326, 327, 329, 
330 

Abiel, 323 

Alonzo, 331 

Arthur 1'., 327 

Benjamin, 326 

Bijah, 330 

Carroll W., 328 

Edvillc G., 331 

George, 322 

Henry, 328 

Jacob, 324, 325 

Jeremiah, 327 

Job, 327 

John, Capt., 323 

John, Dea., 323 

Lyman, 325 

Nathaniel, 323 

Nathaniel, 327 

Nathaniel T., 330 

Natt r., 330 

Walter, 329 
Achorn .Ancestry, 2143 

Edgar O., 2144 

George, 2144 

John T., 2144 

Mathias, 2143 
Adams .Ancestry, 1308. 
1944. 1945. 1948, 2138 

Abraham, 1946 

Abraham, Sergt., 1948 

Alonzo B., Dr., 1945 

Charles E., Dr., 1947 

Charles K., 1944 

Edward R., 1947 

Elijah, 1309 

George M., 1949 

Henry, 1308 

James, Hon., 1946 

Jephthah H., 1951 

John, 1950 

John M., 2138 

John M., Col., 2138 

Lynne R, 1945 

Madeleine, 1947 

Moses, 1309 

Moses, 1944 

Moses, 1950 
. Moses, Corp., 1948 

Nathan, 2138 

Philip, 1944 

Philip, 1950 

Robert, 1948 

Silas B,, 1949 



Silas M.. 1948 
Aiken, John, 995 
Alden Ancestry, 1213, 
2125 

Benjamin. 2125 

Eleazer, 1483 

Harley K., 2125 

Isaac, 1 2 14 

Isaiah, 2176 

John, 1212 

John, 1699 

John, 2125 

John, Hon., 1553 

Joseph, Dea., 1483 

Leonard, 2176 

Nelson H., 2125 

Samuel, 1213 
Alexander Ancestry, 1679 

David, 1680 

De Alva S., 1681 

Stanvt-ood, 1681 

William, 1680 
Allan Ancestry, 1156, 
' 2222 

George W., 220 

George W., 2222 

Herbert H., 1 159 

John, Colonel, 219 

John, Colonel, 1 157 

John D., 1 159 

Theophilus W., 1158 

William. Maj., 218 

William. Maj., 1156 
Allen Ancestry, 1076, 
1117, 1644 

Alfred R., 1078 

Alonzo P., 1078 

Amos, 1117 

Amos L., Hon., 1118 

Fred J., 1644 

John. 1644 

Joseph, Capt., 1076 

Jotham. 1 1 17 

Jotham, 1644 

Otis, 1077 

William, 1076 

William, Col., 1077 

William A., 1078 
Alley .'\nccstry, 2018 

Albion P., 2019 

Frank O., 2019 

Fred J., 2019 

Hugh, 2018 

James, 2019 
Altheam .Ancestry, 993 

Jethro, 993 

Simon, 993 



Ames .\ncestry, 1841, 
1990 

Alfred, Capt., 1842 

Alfred K., Capt., 1842 

Allison G., 1990 

Anthony, Capt., 1842 

George S., 1990 

Isaac, 1990 

Jabez, 1990 

John K., Hon., 1842 

Jonathan, 1990 

Mark, Lieut., 1842 
Anderson Ancestry, 2235 

George J., 2236 

James H., 2235 

William H., 2235 
Andrews -Ancestry, 578, 
579. 581 

David. 578^ 

Ephraim K., 581 

Jeremiah, 581 

John, 579 

Melville H., 581 

Percy M., 579 

Simon S., 580 

Stephen, 579 

Stephen, 580 
Anthoine .Ancestry, 1007 

Isaiah G., Dr., 1008 

John, 1008 

Nicholas, 1007 

Nicholas Jr., 1008 
Arey, Melvin F., 760 
Arnold Ancestry, 1039, 
1048, 2022 

Ambrose, 1049 

Benjamin, 1039 

Ellen L. F., 1050 

Harry L., 2023 

Jeremiah, 1050 

Jesse M., 2023 

Spencer, 2023 

Stephen, 1039 

Thomas, 1039 

Willard B., 1050 

William, 1048 
.Ashby. George F., 2004 

James, 2003 
Ashe .Ancestry, 2055 

John, 2056 

John E., 2056 
Atkins Ancestry, 924, 
2004 

Edwin H., 2004 

Joseph C, 924 

Joseph C, 925 

Will C, 2004 



Atwood Ancestry, 939 

Abial, Lieut., 940 

Charles 11, 941 

Fred H., 942 

Henry, 940 

Nathan, 941 

Samuel, Capt., 941 
Austin .-Vncestry, 1034 

Anthony, 1034 

David, 1035 

Frank J., 1036 

Harry B., 1036 
Averill .Ancestry, 152: 

1523 
Frank L., 1523 
Frederic B., 1523 
James, 1523 
John. 1523 
Joseph B., 1523 
Moses, 1522 
Moses L., 1522 
William, 1522 
Ayer .Ancestry, 105 

1053, 1054 
Ebenezer, Lieut., 105 
Ebenezer, Maj., 1053 
Edwin W., 1054 
Harry B., 1054 
Humphrey, 1053 
Jacob, 1054 
James C, 1054 
James M., 1054 
John, 1051 
John, 1052 
Peter, Cornet, 1051 
Samuel, Capt., 1051 
William E., 1055 
William M., 1052 

B 

Babson Ancestry, 1330 

George J., 1331 

James, 1330 

John W., 1332 

Samuel B., 1332 

Sivilian, Capt., 1331 
Bacon Ancestry, 529 

Ebenezer, 530 

Josiah, Lieut., 530 

Michael, 529 

William, 531 
Bailey Ancestry, 206 
2063, 2064. 206 
2068, 2196 

Abner, 2063 

Adalbert W., 2197 



Vll 



Vlll 



INDEX 



Bailey Family 

Annie N., 2070 

Augustus, 2068 

Benjamin, 2196 

Bernard C, 2063 

Calvin, 20O2 

Charles E., 2070 

Eben i\l., 2064 

feekiel, 2064 

Francis H., 2070 

George, 2070 

Guy P., 2064 

Hannah J., 2066 

Helen M., 2071 

Jacob, 20O4 

Jeremiah, 2070 

John, Uea., 2069 

John, 2068 

Joseph, 2066 

Joseph, 2067 

Joseph, Dea., 2066 

Lucmda, 2063 

Moses, 2065 

Moses M., 2065 

Nathan, 2067 

Richard, 2066 

Samuel D., 2062 

Samuel H., 2064 

Thomas, 2oi6j 

Wesley, 2197 

William, 20O3, 2196 
Bain Ancestry, 446 

Charles H., 447 

Harriet M., 447 

James, 446 

James, Capt., 446 

Jennie S., 447 
Baker Ancestry, 245, 
1037, 2224 

Amos, 2225 

Clarence A., Dr., 1038 

Edward, 245 

Henry K., 2225 

John P., 1038 

Joseph, 245, 246, 2225 

Prince, 1037 

William, 2224 
Bangs Ancestry, 2141 

Edward, 2141 

Edward, Capt., 2142 

James, 2143 

Jonathan, Capl., 2142 

Robert, 2143 

William T., 2143 
Barker Ancestry, 2071, 
2074, 21 19 

Asa, 2072 

Cyrus I., 2072 

Ebenezer, 2120 

James, 2074, 21 19 

Jonathan, 2072 

Peleg. 207s 

Simeon, 2120 

Thomas, 2074 

Thomas A., 2074 
Barrett Ancestry, 24a, 
2026 

Charles E., 244 

Felix, Dr.. 2026 

Franklin R., 244 

James, 242 

John, 243 



Barrett Family 

John, Dea., 242 

John, Lieut.-Col., 243 

Joseph, 2026 
Barslow Ancestry, 1406 

George S., 1408 

Joseph, Capt., 1407 

Timothy, 1408 

William, 1406 
Bartlett Ancestry, 477, 
1816, 1818, 2023 

Charles S., 1819 

Elhanan, 2024 

Frank, 1818 

Frank L., 1818 

George D., 2024 

Ichabod, 1819 

James, 2025 

Joseph, 2023 

Levi, 1818 

Lucius L, 1819 

Malachi, 1817 

Nathan, 479 

Nathan, Capt., 478 

Ralph S., 479 

Richard, 477 

Richard, 2024 

Robert, 1816 

Stephen, 2023 

Sylvester, 479 

William, 2025 

William R., 2023 

William Y., 2025 

Zenas W., 2024 
Bass Ancestry, 1553 

Joseph P., 1553 

Samuel, 1553 

Samuel, Dea., 1553 
Bates Ancestry, 1700, 
1703 

Anson, 1702 

Asa B., 1703 

Clement. 1701 

Constantine, 1702 

Henry A., 1702 

Henry E., 1703 
Baxter Ancestry, 1556 

Clinton L., 1558 

Elihu, 1556 

Elihu, Dr., 1557 

James P., 1557 

Simon. 1556 
Beal Ancestry, 128 

Arthur, 128 

Benjamin, 129 

Fred N.. 131 

Nathaniel B., 130 

Sheldon H.. 129 

William, 128 

William. Col., 128 
Bean Ancestry, 438, 440, 
443, 444 

Charles, 445 

Charles A., 446 

Cotton, 445 

Daniel F.. 440 

Elisha, 441 

Emery O., Hon., 442 

Ervin A.. 2238 

George W., 444 

Henry. 439 

Ivory S.. 446 



Bean Family 

James, 440 

Joel, 440 

John, 438 

John, 443 

Jonathan, Capt., 445 

Joshua, 439 

Levi. 443 

Lewis, 444 

Lewis, Capt., 444 

Oliver, 441 

Warren, 2238 
Beanc, Fred E., Hon., 442 
Bechard Ancestry, 224I 

Henri P., 2241 

Uldric, 2241 
Beckler Ancestry, 2279 

Philip C, 2279 

Warren B., M. D., 
2280 
Beede Ancestry, 2036, 
2140 

Eli. 2037 

Joshua W., Dr., 2037 

Nathan, 2141 

Phineas, 2037 

Thomas, 2140 
Beedy Ancestry, 2140 

Harry F., 2141 

Samuel H., 2141 
Belcher Ancestry, 957 

ClitTord, 959 

Gregory, 958 

Samuel, 959 

Samuel C., 959 
Bender. Simpson P., 

Rev., 760 . 

Bennett Ancestry, 1574, 
1576, 1796, 2172 

Anthony, 1574 

Bradford, 1576 

David, Dr., 1576 

Eben H., Dr., 1796 

Elmer D.. 1577 

Edward K., 2173 

Joseph, 1575 

Joseph L., 157s 

Josiah, 1796 

Myron E., 2173 

Nahum, 1577 

Nathan, 1796 

Nathaniel, 2172 

Nathaniel. Lieut., 1576 

Peter. 1576 

William, 1575 
Benson Ancestry, 1937 

Charles C, 1941 

George B., 1941 

Ichabod, 1938 

John, 1937 

Pelcg. Dr., 1939 

Seth E., 1942 

Stephen, 1939 
Bergeron Ancestry, 809 

Francois. 810 

Louis, 810 

Louis, Rev. Father, 
810 
Berry Ancestry, 392, 395 

Alfred H., 395 

Alfred L., 395 

Augustus H., 396 



Berry Family 

Charles H., 397 

George, 394 

George, 395 

George, Maj., 394 

Harold L., 395 

JosepJi, Gen., 395 

Levi, 396 

Samuel, 394 

Thaddeus C. S., 397 

Thaddeus C. S., Dr., 
396 

Thomas, Lieut., 394 

William, 392 

William, Dea., 395 
Besse .Ancestry, 1121 

Anthony, 1121 

Frank L., 1122 

Jonathan B., 1 121 
Beyer, Henry G., 2201 

Henry G., Jr., 2201 
Bickford Ancestry, 1561 

Anson W., 1561 

Edwin W., 1561 
Bickmore Ancestry, 2096 

Albert H., 2097 

Albert S., 2097 

George, 2096 

John, 2097 

Thomas, 2096 

William H., 2097 
Bigelow Ancestry, 799 

Augu>tus W., 801 

♦George, 801 

James, 379 

John. 378 

John, 799 
Billings Ancestry, 960 

Adoniram J., ^L D., 
Hon., 961 

John, 961 

Nathaniel. 960 

Bird, .^aron Jr., 484 

Royal, 4S4 
Bisbee Ancestry, 1344 

Charles, 1345 

Elisha Jr., 1345 

•George D., 1346 

George W., 1346 

Spaulding, 1347 

Stanley, 1347 

Thomas, 1344 
Black Ancestry. lOSS, 
1058. 1060, 1 06 1 

Frank S., 1056 

Frederick F., 1060 

Jacob, 105s 

James A.. lo6i 

John. 1058 

Joshua W.. 1059 

Josiah, 1060 

Laura M., Dr., 1061 

Thomas H.. 1061 

William, 1055 

William T., 1062 
Blaine Ancestry, 1023 

Ephraini. Col., 1023 

Ephraim L., 1023 

James, 1023 

James G., 1024 
Blair Ancestry, 1791 

Charles A., 1792 



INDEX 



IX 



Blair Family 
James, 1792 
John, 1792 
Blaisdell Ancestry, 2020, 
2022, 2251, 2252 
Daniel, 2022 
David, 2021 
Diimmer, 2021 
Eben I-., 2251 
Ebenezer, 2251 
Elijah, 2022 
Hosea, 2022 
John, 2021 
John C, 2022 
Martin, Hon., 2022 
Ralph, 2021 
Sarah L., 2021 
Silas C, 2252 
Walter l\, 2251 
Blanchard Ancestry, 281, 
2S2, 284, 285 
Alvah P., 283 
Cyrus, 282 
Cyrus N., 282 ' 
Howard W., 285 
James A., 283 
Jesse, 282 
John, Dca., 261 
Nathaniel. 284 
Nathaniel W'., 286 
Ozias, 284 
Perez N., 286 
Sylvanus, Capt., 285 
Thomas, 261, 281, 282 
Thomas S., 283 
Blunt Ancestry, 2131 
David D., 2133 
David F., 2133 
John, 2132 
John, Rev., 2131 
Mark S., 2133 
William, 2131 
Boardman Ancestry, 21 18 
Jonathan, Capt., 2119 
Offin, 2iig 
Offin, Capt., 21 18 
Thomas, 2118 
William, 21 19 
Bodvvell Ancestry, 777 
Charles A., 779 
Henry, 777 
John, 778 
John, Capt., 777 
John W., Gen., 778 
William H., 779 
Began Ancestry, 221 1 
Cornelius. 221 1 
Fred H. H., 2212 
George A., 221 1 
Bolster Ancestry, 569 
Isaac, 569 
Isaac, Capt., 569 
Mellen E., 570 
Otis C, 569 
Bonneau Ancestry, 812 
Alfred, 812 
Charles, 812 
Boody Ancestry, 473 
David, 474 
David. 1468 
David A., 475 
Henry H., Hon., 475 



Boody Family 
John H., 474 
John 11., 1468 
Robert, Rev., 474 
Robert, Rev., 1467 
Zechariah, 473 
Boothby Ancestry, 1674 
Henry, 1674 
Roswell C, 1677 
Samuel, Rev., 1675 
Stephen, Col., 1676 
Bosworth Ancestry, 1220 
Arthur S., 1222 
Frederic S., Capt., 

1221 
Robert, 1221 
Bourne Ancestry, 992 
Richard, 992 
Shcarjashub, 992 
Bowler Ancestry, 987 
Ernest C, 987 
Silas H., 987 
William O., 987 
Boyd Ancestry, 974, 1643 
Alexander, 975 
Andrew, 975 
Byron, 1643 
Richard. 1643 
Robert, Dr., 1643 
Samuel, 974 
Boynton Ancestry, 1499 
Amos, 1501 
Bartholomew, 1499 
George B., 1502 
Joshua, 1501 
Roscoe G., 1502 
Stephen, 1501 
Bracket! Ancestry, 40 
Anthony, 40 
James. 1760 
Joseph, 1760 
Joshua, Lieut., 43 
Samuel, 1758 
Thomas, 44 
Bradbury Ancestry, 315, 

."45 
Bion, Hon., 317 
James, Dr., 1146 
James O., 1147 
Jeremiah, 317 
John. Elder, 317 
Joseph, 317 
Robert. 315 
Samuel M.. M. D., 1147 
Thomas, 316 
William. 1535 
Wymond. 1145 
Bradford Ancestry, 480, 
Charles G., 498 
Chester. 499 
Ephraim. 481 
Ernest "W.. 499 
Ezekiel, 481 
Gideon, soo' 
Herbert C., Dr., 500 
John. Maj.. 500 
Martin, 498 
Martin, 500 
Phillips. 484 
Richmond, Dr., 500 
Royal B., 485 
Samuel, 498 



Bradford Family 
Samuel, Lieut., 500' 
William, 480 
William, 482 
William, 483 
William 11., 500 
Bradish Ancestry, 1435 
David, Maj., 1436 
Martin, 1436 
Robert, 1435 
Walter F., 1436 
Bradley Ancestry, 2128 
Henry R., 2129 
Joseph, 2128 
Levi, 2129 
Bradstreet Ancestry, 99 
Daniel, 100 
Humphrey, 99 
Moses, Capt., 99 
Nathaniel, 100 
Nathaniel, Lieut., 100 
Bragdon Ancestry, 732, 
758 
Albert M., 734 
Arthur, 732 
Arthur, Sergt., 732 
Edward A., yjj 
Frederick A., 763 
Frederick A., Rev., 758 
Frederick E., 758 
George, 763 
Josiah, Lieut., 733 
William, 762 
Bragg Ancestry, 1983 
Isaac, 1982 
Isaac M., 1982 
Thomas, 1982 
Brazier Ancestry, 1470 
Daniel, 1471 
Harrison, 1470 
Joseph R., 1471 
Nellie L., 1471 
Zachary H., 1470 
Brewer, John S., 15 16 

Thomas A., 1516 
Bridges Ancestrv, 1601, 
1604 
Benjamin, 1603 
Bizer, 1604 
Edmund. 1601 
Jeremiah, 1604 
John. 1604 
Joseph C, 1603 
Ralph E., 1605 
Robert A., 1604 
Brid.cham Ancestry, 1588 
Albert, 1590 
Dexter W., 1592 
Charles B.. Dr., 1591 
Henry, 1588 
Joseph, 1590 
Percy A., 1590 
Thomas S., 1591 
William, Dr., 1591 
William H,. 1592 
Briggs Ancestry, ^242 
Ansel, 2242 
Daniel, 2242 
Hiram C, 2242 
Brooks Ancestrv, 967 
Albert W., 968 
Joshua, Dea., 967 



Brooks Family 
Joshua, Dca'., 968 
Percy W., 9O8 
Samuel S., 968 
Thomas, 967 
Brown Ancestry, 258, 
259, 260, 263, 266, 
272, 1682, 1800, 1998, 
2IS3. 2156, 2190 
Asaph, 259 
Augustus H., 2191 
Calvin S., Hon., 259 
Carroll, 271 
Chapin, 2257 
Charles A., 2155 
Charles B., 266 
Edward, 2190 
Euthalius I., 262 
Frank E., 2157 
Frank I., Dr., 260 
Herbert L., 2155 
James, 260 
James, 262 
James, 1801 
James, 2154 
James T., 1801 
John, 258 
John, 265 
John, 272 
John, 1800 
John B., Hon., 267 
John I., 272 
John I., 273 
John M., Gen., 269 
John O., 2155 
John W., 272 
Jonas, Ens., 264 
Jonathan, 2191 
Joseph, 2191 
Joseph, Dea., 2154 
Luke, 2156 
Newell, 258 
Richard, 2154 
Robbins, 260 
Samuel, 2154, 2256 
Samuel P., 2257 
Simeon, 1682 
Simeon, Dr., 2154 
Simeon S., 2157 
Solomon, 1682 
Stephen, 1998 
Stephen O., 1999 
Stephen P., 1999 
Thomas, 263 
Thomas, 266 
Thomas, 272 
Thomas, 2156 
Titus O., 267 
William, 1682 
Bryant Ancestry, 738 
Eldridge H., Hon., 739 
George R., 738 
Stephen, 738 
Susan, 740 
William C, 738 
Bucknam Ancestry, 1031, 
1032 
Clarence L., Hon., 

1032 
Gilbert L., 1034 
James M., 1032 
Nathan, 1033 



INDEX 



Bucknam Family 

Nathan C, 1034 

Robert P., 759 

William, 1033 

William, Capt., 1031 
Bunker Ancestry, 164S 

Dudley P., 1045 

George, 1645 

John E., 1645 

Luther G., 1 he Hon., 
1645 
Burbank Ancestry, 1002 

Abner, 1003 

Horace H., Col., 1003 

John, 1002 

Elizabeth P., 1004 
Burleigh Ancestry, 1088 

Clarence B., 1092 

Edwin C, Hon., 1090 

Giles, 1088 

Lewis A., 1093 

Moses, Col., 1089 

Parker P., Hon., 1090 
Burnham .Ancestry, 333, 
336 

Frank, 337 

George, 333 

John, 332 

John E., 335 

Josiah, 334 

Mary S., 335 

Perez B., 333 

Ralph F., 337 

Thomas, Lieut., 336 

Zebulun, 337 
Burr Ancestry, 605 

Charles, 607 

John, 336 

Johnathan, Rev., 605 

Perez, 336 

Warren, 607 
Burrage .Ancestry, 44 

Caroline, 1488 

Champlin, 49 

Henry S., 48 

Henry 3., Rev., 1488 

Jonathan, 47 

Josiah, 47 

Leonard D., 48 

Robert, 44 

Thomas. 46 

Thomas F., 48 

Thomas J., 50 

William, 46 

William, 47 
Butler Ancestry, 131, 
1729, 1731. 1732. 
1735. 1737, 21SS 

Benjamin, 1730 

Benjamin, Rev., 1731 

Charles H., 1737 

Edmund, 1732 

Edward B., 1737 

Elijah, 1730 

Elijah, J 1 56 

Frank W., 1730 

George H., 1737 

Harry, 1732 

Harry, 1740 

Henry, Gen.. 1731 

Ichabod. 1738 

James, 1735 



Butler Family 

James H., Gen., 1731 

John, 1732 

John, Capt., 2155 

John, Rev., 1733 

Joseph, Lieut., 1736 

Manly, 1736 

Manly U., 1736 

Moses M., Hon., 1739 

Nathaniel, 131 

Nathaniel, 132 

Nathaniel, 1734 

Nathaniel, Rev., 1733 

Nicholas, 1729, 2155 

Orville VV., 1737 

Ralph, 1730 

Stephen, 1735 

Thomas, 131 

Thomas, 1737 
Bu.xton Ancestry, 621, 

653 

Anthony, 622 

Anthony, 653 

Charles M., Hon., 633 

Edward G., 622 

George H., 654 

Jeremiah, 622 

William, 653 
Byrne Ancestry. 2235 

John, 2235 
Byrnes .Xncestry, 1648 

Joseph R., 1648 

Patrick J., 1648 

Roger, 1648 



Calderwood .Ancestry, 

954 

Ezra, 954 

George G., 955 

Harry C, 955 

James, 954 
Caldwell Ancestry, locg, 
1897 

James, 1009 

James, loio 

John, 1898 

Joseph C, Dr., lOio 

Willi.-ini, 1898 
Campbell Ancestry, 1683, 
2164 

Alex.inder, 2164 

Archibald, 2164 

James, 1683 

Manning S., 2165 

William, 1683 

William, Capt., 1683 
Capen .\nccstry, 890 

Barnard, 890 

Benjamin, 891 

Charles E., 8gi 

Lillian M., 891 
Carlton Ancestry, 2075 

Asa, 2076 

Frank W.. 2076 

Ira, 2076 

John G., 2075 
Carleton Ancestrv. 1869. 
1873. 1877 

Amos F.. 1874 

Baldwin de, 1869 



Carleton Family 

Ebenezer, 1871 

Ebenezer Jr., 1871 

Edward, 1870 

Edward E., 1873 

George, 1877 

John, 1873 

John, 1877 

Jonathan A., 1873 

Joseph, 1873 

Joseph H., 1874 

Oliver, 1877 

Osgood, 1870 

Osgood, 1872 

Reuel W., 1872 

Thomas, 1877 
Carll Ancestry, 1514, 
2161 

Herbert H., 1516 

Jason S., 1515 

John, 2162 

Samuel, 1514, 1515, 
2161 

Samuel, Lieut., 2163 

Seth S., 1515 
Carter Ancestry, 583, 

1454 

Horace B., 1455 

Jacob, 582 

Jacob, 583 

John, Col., 1455 

John W. D., 584 

Samuel. Rev., 1454 

Thomas, 582 

Thomas, Rev., 1454 

William, 1455 
Carver Ancesto'. 1928, 
1930, 1931, 1932 

Amos D., 1930 

Cyrus H., 1930 

Edgar N., 1931 

Edwin G., 1931 

Eleazar, 1931 

Eugene P., 1932 

George A., 1929 

Harry P., 1931 

John, 2152 

John A., 1929 

Nathan, 1931 

Nathan P., 1932 

Robert, 1928 

Wilbur J., 1930 

William, 1930 

Woodburn, 1932 
Case .Ancestry, 221 

Irving W., 221 

Solomon T., 221 

William, 221 
Caswell. Clark R., 2218 

Elvira F., 2218 

Winficld B.. 2218 
Catcll. Charles R., 1649 

Paul, 1649 
Chadbourne Ancestry, 
1347, 2239 

Benjamin F., 1350 

Francis. 2230 

Humphrey, Elder, 1349 

Israel, 1350 

William, 1347 

William, 2239 

William, Rev., 1349 



Chadwick Ancestry, 277 
Cyrus H., 277 
Cyrus W., 278 
James W., 277 
John, Sergt., 277 

Chamberlain Ancestry, 
132 
Joshua, 133 
Joshua, Col., 133 
Joshua L., Gov., 133 
William, 132 

Chamberlin .Ancestry, 
1991 

David r. P., M. D., 
1991 

Don. 1992 

Hiram G., 1991 

Nathaniel, Dea., 1991 
Champlin .Ancestrv, 1484 

Arthur P., 1488' 

Augu>tus, 1488 

Geoffrey. 1484 

George P., 1488 

James P., 1487 

James P., Jr., 1488 

James T., 1485 

John, 1485 
Chandler Ancestry, 1474 

Joseph, 1476 

TKomas, Capt., 1474 

William, 1474 

William. 1475 
Chaplin .Ancestry, 819, 
841 

Ashbel C, 842 

Bcnjamm, 820 

Caleb A., 842 

Caleb A., Hon.. 820 

Huldah .M.. 842 

Jeremiah, 819, 841 

John, 842 
Chapman .Ancestry, 66$ 

Charles D.. 666 

Harry J., 667 

Nathaniel. 666 

William, Capt., 666 
Chase .Ancestry, 1510, 
1605 

Alden F.. Rev.. 760 

Amos, 1607 

Amos, Dea., 1606 

Aquila. 1605 

Daniel, 1606 

George W., Dr., 1510 

Jacob B., 1510 

Matthew, 1605 
Cheney .Ancestry, 1806 

John, 1806 

William, 1807 

William, Col., 1807 
Chickering .Ancestry, 465 

Jabez, Rev., 466 

John J., 467 

John W.. Prof., 467 

John W.. Rev., 466 

Joseph, Rev,, 466 

Nathaniel, Dea., 466 

Thomas, 465 
Choate Ancestry, 706 

Aaron, 708 

Daniel L.. 709 



INDEX 



XI 



Clio.-itc Family 

Francis, Elder, 707 
John, 706 
Clapp Ancestry, 765 
Asa, 765 
Asa W. H , 767 
Mary J. E., 768 
Thomas, 765 
Clark Ancestry, 84, 1880, 
1884, 1880 
Abraham, 1882 
Charles B., 1887 
David, 1885 
Dennis \V., 1883 
Edward, 84 

Edward, 1884 
Ephraim, 84 
Horatio, 1886 
Ira, 1886 
John, 1880 
John McU., i88s 
Jonathan, 1887 

Mervin W., 1884 
Nathaniel, 85 

Nathaniel, 1886 

Peacallis. 1880 

Peacallis M., 1887 

Pennell, 1885 

Ralph H., 2169 

Samuel O.. Dr., 2169 
Clarke Ancestry, 1238, 
1888, 1889 

Charles B., 1889 

Charles D., Col.. i888 

Charles L.. 1242 

Daniel, 1238 

Daniel, 1241 

Elisha, 1889 

Frank W,, Dr., 1890 

George, 1889 

*James, 1890 

James W., Hon., 1890 

Samuel, 1239 

Samuel, 1240 

Samuel W., Capt., 1890 

Theodore, Capt., 1890 

Walter B., Hon., 1891 
Clary Ancestry, 1974, 
2126. 2277 

Albert E., judge, 1975 

Charles H., 2278 

Daniel, 1974, i97S. 
2126 

Daniel, Capt., 2127 

Isaac B., 2127 

John, 1975 

John, 2277 

Nahum E., 2127 

Robert, 2276 

William. 2126 
Cleaves Ancestry, 94 

Benjamin, 96 

Benjamin. Lieut., 95 

George, 94 

Henry B., 98 

Joshua. Capt.. 96 

Nathan, Judge, 97 

♦Robert A., 97 

Thomas, 97 

Thomas P., 98 



Cleveland Ancestry, 1294 

Frederick M., 1297 

Heber H., 1297 

Joseph, 1296 

iMoyses, 1294 

Samuel, Sergt., 1295 
Clifford Ancestry, i 

George, I 

Nathan, Hon., i 

Nathan, Hon., 4 

Nathaniel, Dea., i 

Philip G., 5 

Willnm H., 3 

William H., C:ipt., 4 
Cobb .-Xnccstry, 12 

EbeiK'7.er. 1251 

Franci.s, 12 

Henry, 12 

Henry, Deacon, 2095 

Henry, Elder, 1250 

William, 2095, 2096 

William T., 13 
Coburn Ancestry, 156, 
166 

Abner, Gov., 159 

Edward, 156 

Eleazer, 158 

Eleazer, 157 

Joseph, Dea., 156 

Julia L., 166 

Louise H., 167 

Philander, 165 • 

Samuel W., 166 

Samuel W., 986 

Stephen, 166 
Cochrane .A.ncestry, 793 

Chauncey, "93 

James, Ens., 793 

James, Maj., 793 

Jasper D., Dr., 794 

John, Dea., 793 
Collin ,'\ncestry, 709, 

763 

Peter, 709 

Seth A., 763 

Simeon, 711 

Tristram, 709 

Voranus L., Capt., 711 

William II., 763 
Coggan Ancestry, 1617 

Henry, 1617 

John, 1617 

Leonard C., 1618 

Marcellus, 1618 
Colbath Ancestry, 206 

Benning, 208 

James, 207 

Jeremiah S., 208 

John, 206 

Samuel. 208 
Colburn Ancestry, 684 

Edward, 684 

Samuel, Co!., 684 
Colcord Ancestry, 1188 

Edward, 1 188 

Frank A., 1 190 

Josiah A., 1189 

Melvin E., 1190 
Cole Ancestry, 749 

John T., 750 

William, 749 



Comstock, (jeorge. Col., 

2222 
Conant Ancestry, 246, 
251, 255, 256 
Abraham, 255 
Alvah. 253 
Charles. 256 
Ch;;rles M., 256 
Daniel, 252 
Edgar F., 251 
Francis A., 251 
Frederick O., 254 
John, 246 
John. 251 
John, 253 
Joshua, 256 
Lot, 249 
Lot, 255 
Mary E., 256 
Nnthar.iel, 252 
Oliver, 251 
Richard O.. 254 
Roger, 248 
Thomas. 251 
William G., 256 
William IL, 256 
Connor .Ancestry, 997 
Selden. 998 
William, 998 
Converse Ancestry, 1865 
Edward, Capt., 1866 
Edward, Dea., 1865 
John, Dr., 1867 
John H., 1867 
Samuel. Sergt., 1865 
Cook Ancestry, 1518, 
1520. 1899, 1901 
Charles, 1901 
Charles, 1902 
Charles S., 1900 
Edward B., 1902 
Elijah. 1519 
Emery, 1521 
Ephraim, 1899 
George D., Dr., 1519 
♦George H., 1901, 1902 
Harold E., 1519 
Leone R., 1521 
Obadiah G., 1900 
Samuel, 1518 
Samuel. 1521 
Samuel. 1899 
Samuel, 1901 
Coolidge Ancestry, 1713 
Charles A,, Dr., 1713 
Henry E., 1714 
John, 1713 
Coombs Ancestry. 1122, 
1 124, 1 127. 1 128 
Anthony, 1123 
Anthony, 1 127 
Arphaxad, 1 123 
Charles R., 1128 
Delbert D.. 1130 
Fields. Capt., 1124 
Henry, 1128 
Hosea. 1124 
James, 1129 
James B., 1124 
Peter, Lieut., 1123 
Philip, II2S 



Coombs Family 
Philip H., 1 125 
Robert H., Capt., 1128 
William G., 1130 
Cooper Ancestry, 942 
Jesse, Sergt.. 943 
Leonard, 943 
Peter, 942 
Copeland Ancestry, 791 
Asa, Dea., 792 
Benjamin, Dea., 792 
George K, 792 
Lawrence, 791 
Lemuel, 792 
Lizzie M., 792 
Corson Ancestry, 1684 
Aaron, 1684 
Eri D., 1684 
George E.. 1684 
John T., 1684 
Samuel, 1684 
Cothrcn Ancestry, 969 
Frank H., 970 
Nathaniel, 969 
William, 969 
William, Capt., 969 
Cotton Ancestry, 89 

Benjamin R., 91 

Edward C, 91 
John. 90 
John B., 91 
William, 89 
Cousens Ancestry, 228 

John, 228 

Lyman M., 228 

William. 228 
Cousins Ancestry. 229 

Ichabod. 229 

John. 229 

Joseph. 229 

Stephen H., 230 

William L., Dr., 230 
Cox Ancestry, 713 

Almira C, 716 

Augustus P., 714 

Edward W., 717 

Elisha, 713 

Frank W., 717 

Henry P., 714 
Crafts Ancestry, 2146 

Francis M., 2148 

Griffin, Lieut.. 2146 

Moses, 2148 

Samuel. 2148 

Selden T., 251 
Cram Ancestry, 572 

Andrew. 11 56 

Franklin W.. 574 

George O. K.. 673,674 

Gilman, 574 

Harry L.. 1156 

John, 572 

John. 1 155 

Nathaniel O., 674 

Nehemiah. 673 

Orlando B.. 1156 

Stephen. Capt.. 573 

Wingate F.. 575 
Crane Ancestry, 1228, 
1230 

Frank T., 1229 



XH 



INDEX 



Crane Family 
George D., 1231 
Henry, 1228 
Hczekiah, 1230 
John, Brig-Gen., 1229 
Rufus T., i2-'9 
Sewall L., 1230 
Crawford Ancestry, 1028, 
1662 
Benjamin, 1029 
George, 1662 
George A., 1663 
James B., Rev., 759 
Thomas, 1028 
William II., Rev., 1663 
William M.. 1029 
William S., 1029 
Creighton Ancestry, 1274 
David, 1274 
James A., Capt., 1274 
John M., 12/5 
Cressev Ancestry, 1549 
Cyrus, 1550 
James, 1550 
John, 1549 
Mighill. 1549 
Olive F., 1550 
Crockett Ancestry, 1808 
James, 1810 
Leonard, iSio 
Thomas. 1808 
Crooker Ancestry, 1227 
Charles, 1228 
Isaiah, 1227 
Jonathan 11., 1228 
Crosby Ancestry, 1471 
Ezra, 1472 
Jacob T., Rev., 1474 
John S.. 1472 
Sherwin, 1472 
Simon, 1471 
Cross Ancestry, 55 1 
Hubert J., 552 
Sewall B., 552 
William, 551 
William, 552 
Cummings Ancestry, 
1040. 1043, 2187 
Abraham, 1041 
Abraham L. T., 1044 
Anda C, 1042 
Benjamin. 2188 
Daniel, 1042 
Daniel, 2187 
George H., Dr., 1042 
Isaac, 1040 
Isaac, Dea., 2187 
John, 1043 
John G., 1043 
Joseph, 2188 
Joseph, Capt., 1041 
Thomas, Lieut., 1041 
Cumstnn Ancestry, 1293 
Charles McL., 1293 
Henry Van S., 1293 
John, 1293 
Cunningham Ancestry, 

945 
Samuel, Capt., 945 
Thomas, 945 
William, 946 



Currier Ancestry, 797 
Everett B., 799 
Jonathan, Sergt., 798 
Jonathan Jr., 798 
Richard. 797 
Russell S., 799 
Curtis Ancestry, 525. 
2185 
Alice C, 529 
Cyrus H. K., 2186 
Cyrus L., 2186 
John, 52s 
John B., 526 
Reuben, 2186 
William, 2186 
Gushing Ancestry, 1198, 
1867 
Andre, 1757 
Caleb, Rev.. 12OI 
Caleb, Rev., 1868 
James, Rev., 1202 
John, 1869 
John, Rev,, 1869 
John W., 1202 
Joseph W., 1202 
Matthew, 1200 
Matthew, Dea., 33^ 
Nehcmiah, 1756 
ThenphiUis. Gen.. 1750 
Wain w right, 1203 
William, II99 
William, 1755 
William, 1867 
Cushman Ancestry, 867 
Ara, 868 
Charles L., 868 
Robert, 867 
Cutter Ancestry, 172 
Anmii R., Rev., 173 
Elizabeth, 172 
Levi, 174 

William. Capt.. 173 
Cutts Ancestry, 934 
James H., Maj., 935 
Robert, 934 
Thomas, 935 
Thomas, Col., 1721 



D 



Daggett Ancestry, 1543 
Charles F., 1546 
John, 1543 
Orrin, 1546 
Samuel, 1546 
Samuel. Capt., 1545 
Thomas. Capt., 1544 
Dana Ancestry, 1954. 
2046 

Caroline P., 2047 

John W., 2047 

John W., Capt., 2047 

Luther, 1954 

Oscar F., 2047 

Philip, 1955 

Richard, 2046 

Woodbury K., 1954 
Danforth Ancestry, 1322 

Albion G., 1324 

David W., 1324 



Danforth Family 

Harland A., Dr., 1324 

Nathaniel, 1323 

Ralph M., 1325 

Wniiam, 1322 

William D., 1324 
Darling Ancestry, 2176, 

2254 
Amos B., 2177 
Eliakim, 2177 
John, 2176. 2254 
John A., Col., 2177 
Veranus, 2255 
Veranus S., 2255 
Davis .\ncestry, 211, 215, 
216, 1874 
Barnabas, 1874 
Cyrus, 215 

Cyrus W., Hon., 215 
Dolor, 216 
Elizabeth C, 208 
Elizabeth L., 209 
Frederick A., Dr., 2172 
Heald, 217 
James, 2170 
James A., 2171 
James W., 2171 
John, 211 
John, 215 
John A., Capt., 217 
Nicholas, Maj., 211 
Robert, 215 
Samuel G., 1876 
Walter G., 213 
William, 1875 
William F., 1876 
William G., Hon., 211 
Day Ancestry, 2120, 2124 
Holman F., 2121 
Horace C, 2124 
Isaac C, 2124 
John R., Capt., 2121 
Stephen, 212 1 
William, 2121 
Dearborn Ancestry, 769 
Godfrey, 769 
Henry. Maj .-Gen., 77° 
Henry A. S., 774 
Dearth Ancestry, 1332 
Freeman D., 1332 
Freeman D.. 1333 
Leonard, 1332 
De Coster Ancestry, 1677 
Francesco V., Capt., 

1678 
Samuel, 1677 
Varanes. 1677 
D^eering Ancestry, 830 
George, S30 
Henry. 832 
Nathaniel, 831 
Dennen Ancestry, 1083 
Samuel, 1084 
Simeon, 1084 
William W., 1084 
Dennett Ancestry, 789 
Alexander, 791 
John, 789 
Mark, 790 



Dennison Ancestry, 273 
David, 274 
George, 274 
George. Capt., 273 
John. 273 

William, Capt., 274 
Denniston, Robert, M. 

D., 1256 
Derby Ancestry, 5°7 

George B., 587 
Devereux Ancestry, 1043 
Frank G., 1644 
John, 1644 
Richard, 1643 
Dillingham Ancestry, 
1480, 2105, 2107,2108 
Albert A., 2106 
Broderick, 2105 
Ebcnczer H., 2107 
Edward, 1480, 2107 
Edwin F., 1482 
Edwin L., 1483 
Frederic B.. 2107 
Frederic H., 2107 
Frederic W., 2108 
Frederick H., 1483 
John, 2105 
John G., 2108 
Nathaniel, 1482 
Pitt, 2106. 2107 
Theodore H.. 1482 
Thomas M., 2106 
William, 2108 
William A. P., 2106 
Dinsniore, Arthur, 2174 
Charles H., 2174 
Luke H., 2174 
Doane .-\ncestry, "397 
Ebenezer, 398 
Ebenezer, 399 
Ephraim. 398 
John, 308 « 
Dodge .Ancestry. 1355 
Caleb A., 1356 
Howard W., Hon., 

1356 
John P., 1356 
William. 1355 
Dole Ancestry, 340, 597 
Amos, 597 
Charles E., 598 
Cvrus R.. 598 
Elihu. 598 
John, Hon., 34° 
Richard, 597 
Donovan, Dennis, 95° 
Ella H., 950 
John B.. 950 
Dornian, Wilmer J., 96' 
Dow Ancestry, 288, 289, 
301 
Abner, 288 
Elizabeth C, 302 
Fred T., 289 
Frederick N., 299 
George S. C, 302 
Huse, 2230 
John, 289 

Joseph, Scrgt., 290 
Josiah, 291 
Leander A., 289 



INDEX 



XIII 



Dow Family 
Levi, joi 
Lorenzo R., 2230 
Neal, 293 
Richard S., 302 
Thomas, 301 
WilMam H., 301 
William M., 2230 
Downcs, George, 2013 

Lemuel G., 2013 
Drew Ancestry, O17 
Jesse, 618 
John. 617 
Morrill N.. 618 
Drinkwater Ancestry, 623 
John, 623 
Joseph, 623 
Thomas, 623 
Drummond Ancestry, 
1728 
Alexander. 1728 
Clark. 1728 
Everett R., 1729 
Josiah II.. 1729 
Dudley .\ncestry. 700 
Benjamin. 704. 705 
Frank, 704 
Frederic C., 705 
Herbert J. ,705 
James, Lieut., 703 
John. 705 
Joseph. 703 
Samuel, Rev.. 701 
Thomas. Gov., 700 
Dunbar .Ancestry, g86 
.\lbert. 1903 
Jacob. gS6 
Judson li . 1903 
Lemuel. 0)X(i 
Robert. 986 
Robert VV., Rev., 1903 
Dunn .Ancestrv. 1093, 
',"4 ^ 

Cliarles. 1094^ 
Elbridge G.. 1753 
George B.. 1755 
Jonah, 1093 
Peter, 1755 
Dunning .Ancestry, 846 
.Vndrew, 846 
.Andrew. 936 
James. 936 
James. Lieut.. 848 
John, 937 
Richard T., 849 
Solomon, 848 
William. 937 
William E.. 848 
Dunlon .Ancestry. 2026 
Charles i?., 2027 
John .S., 2027 
Timothy, 2026 
Timothy, 2027 
Durgin Ancestry, 1271 
Henry L, 1271 
Job. 1271 
Joshua. 1271 
Dyer Ancestry, 655 
Asa, 656 

Christopher Jr., Lieut., 
656 



Dyer Family 
Frederick, 657 
Frederick R., 657 
Herbert S., 1095 
Isaac, Gen., 656 
Thomas, Dea., 655 
William 11., 057 



Eastman Ancestry, 586, 
1415, 1590, 1598, 1600 
Benjamin, 141O 
Benjamin !■'., Col., 1598 
Briceno M., 1599 
Chase, 1598 
Daniel, 1600 
Ebenezer, 1596 
Edward, 1598 
F'red E., 1599 
Jonathan, 1600 
*Moses, 586 
Philip, 1590 
Philip, 1597 
Richard. 1600 
Roger, 1416 
Samuel, Hon., 1417 
Thomas. 1600 
Tobias L., i6or 
Eaton Ancestry, 221, 222, 
1310. 1312 
Bradley L., 222 
Charles C, 224 
George H., Hon., 13 12 
Henry F., 1312 
John, 222 
Jonas, 1310 
Jonas, 131 1 
Joseph E., 222 
Stephen W., 223 
Thomas, 1312 
Thomas H., 1313 
Tristram, 223 
VV'illiam C, 225 
Woodman S., 224 
Eddy Ancestry, 2173 
George W., 2173 
Harry B., 2173 
John, 2173 
Samuel, 2173 
Elder .Ancestry, 1327 
Isaac L., 1329 
Richard J.. 1328 
Robert, 1327 
Samuel. 1327 
Eliot Ancestrv, 183 
.Adolphus F'. C, 185 
Edmund or Edward, 

183 
Frank M., 186 
Jacob R., 185 
Jacob S., 185 
Wyman, 185 
Ellis Ancestry, 927, 1836 
Columbus W., 929 
Freeman. 1836 
John, 928 
John, 1836 
Mellen F., 929 
Stephen, 928 
Sylvanus, 928 



Ellis Family 
Vinal IL, 929 

Elwell .Ancestry, 1508 
Edward H., 1509 
Nathamel H., 1509 
Robert, 1508 
Theodore, 1509 
Emerson Ancestry, 369, 
879 
Daniel, Rev., 370 
Ezekicl, 881 
Josepli, 370 
Luther D., 882 
Peter, 370 
Thomas, 369 
Thomas, 880 
Walter C, 882 
Emery Ancestry, '95 1, 
1715. 1718, 1724, 1727 
Asa C, 1717 
Caleb, Col., 1724 
Caleb, Dr., 1725 
Caleb J., Dr., 1725 
Chandler S., 1725 
Daniel, 1724 
Daniel W., 1723 
Eben H., 1717 
Ernest W., 1724 
George A., 1720 
Hiram, 1727 
Isaac, 1727 
John, 1 715 
John, 1718 
John, Lieut., 1719 
Jonathan, 1722 
Levi, 1717 
Moses, 1719 
Samuel B., 1725 
Samuel B.. 1726 
Simon. 1727 
Thomas J., 1727 
Walter K., 1726 
♦William, 951 
William, 1723 
William. Hon., 951 
Zachariah, 1717 
Emmerton .Ancestry, 
2216 
Jacob P.. 2218 
Joseph, 2217 
Thomas, 2218 
Emmons .Ancestry, 2236 
Eliakim. 2236 
John, 2236 
Leonar<i, 2236 
Willis T., 2236 
Estabrooke Ancestry, 
1840 
Horace M., 1841 
Kate C, 1841 
Leverett E., 1840 
Thomas T., 1840 
Estes Ancestry, 418 
Barzilla, 419 
Llewellyn G., Gen., 419 
Llewellyn W., 420 
Richard, 418 
Everett Ancestry, 1150 
Edward S., 1150 
John, 1150 
Timothy, 1150 



Fahyan Ancestry, 2266 
John, 2266 
Joshua, 2268 
George F., 2269 
Francis W., 2270 
Fairbanks Ancestry, 1396 
Columbus, 1398 
Jonathan, 1396 
Joseph, Dea., 1396 
Joseph W., Hon., 1398 
Nathaniel, Col., 1397 
F'airbrother Ancestry, 
1642 
Isaac, 1642 
Joseph, 1642 
Fairfield Ancestry, 1 197 
John, 1 197 
John, 1 198 
John. Capt., 1 197 
William, Capt., 1198 
Farnham Ancestry, 1 167 
.Augustus B., 1168 
Henry B., 1 167 
John, Capt., 1 167 
Ralph, 1 167 
Farnsuorth Ancestry, 
1912, 1915 
Arthur L., igi6 
Benjamin B., 1914 
Benjamin H., 1915 
Cephas, 1914 
Chauncey, 1916 
Jonathan, 1915 
Joseph, 1912 
Joseph S., 1916 
Matthias, 1913 
Farrington Ancestry, 
1305, 1708 
Benjamin, 1708 
Clayton J., 1306 
Daniel, 1306 
Edtiiond, 1305 
Ira P., 1306 
John, 1305 
Joseph R., 1709 
Oliver, 1709 
Oliver C, 1709 
Rufus. 1306 
Fassett .Ancestry, 657 
Edward, 658 
Francis H., 658 
Fellows Ancestry, 2038, 
2183 
George, 2039 
George E.. 2040 
Isaac, 2184 
Isaac, Corp., 2184 
Joseph, 2039 
Samuel, 2038 
William, 2183 
William E., Dr., 2184 
Fennelly .Ancestry, 923 
Andrew, 923 
Locklan, 923 
William, Hon., 923 
Ferguson Ancestry, 948, 
2278 
Alexander, 2278 
Daniel, 948 



XIV 



INDEX 



Ferguson Family 
Kranklin A., 2279 

M. Hubbard, Dr., 949 

Reuben, 949 

Willard B., 949 
Fesscnden Ancestry, 860 

James D., 863 

Nicholas, 801 

Samuel, Gen., 861 

William, Rev., 861 

William P., 862 
Pickett Ancestry, 629 

Amos G., 630 

John, 629 

Oscar A., 630 
Field Ancestry, 1827 

Darby, 1827 

George W., 1829 

John, Rev., 1827 

John L., 1828 

Roger, 1827 

Zachariah, Lieut., 1828 

Zachary, Lieut., 1828 
Files Ancestry, 1183, 1613 

David F., 1 184 

Ebcnezer S. T., 1613 

Samuel, 1613 

Stephen, 1184 

William, 1 183 

William, 1613 

William R., 1184 
Fillebrown Ancestry, 

1037 

James, 1037 

Rudolphus, 1037 

Thomas, 1037 
Finson Ancestry, 1995 

Ambrose, Capt., 1995 

James J., 1995 

Jerome C., 1996 

Thomas, 1995 
Fish Ancestry, 2232 

Amos, 2233 

Elias H., 2233 

Fitz M., 1644 

William G., 1644 
Flanders Ancestry, 918, 
919 

David P., 919 

David P., Dr., 919 

James D., 918 

James M., 918 

Joseph, 919 

Louis E., 919 

Stephen, 918 
Fletcher Ancestry, 660, 
1789 

Adams, 661 

Benjamin G., 1790 

Francis, 1789 

Furber, 1790 

George H., 661 

Jonathan IL, 661 

Joseph, Capt.. 661 

Joseph B., 1790 

Pelatiah, Capt., 661 

Robert, 660 
Flint Ancestry, 1489 

Ephraim, 1490 

Henry B , 1490 

John, Col., 1489 

Thomas, Hon., 1489 



Fobes Ancestry, 1533 

Amasa, 1534 

Charles, 1534 

Daniel, Dea., 1534 

Leandcr W., 1535 
Fogg Ancestry, I98<5 

Hiram H., 1987 

Isaac, 1987 

Joseph, 1987 

Samuel, 1986 
Folsom Ancestry, 2181 

Franklin N., 2183 

John, 2181 

Joseph G., 2181 

Mark, 2183 

Mark, Maj., 2183 
Forbes Ancestry, 1533 

Edward, Dea., 1533 

John, 1533 
Ford Ancestry, 1039 

Benjamin F., 1040 

Joshua T., 1039 

William, Dea., 1039 
Forsyth, George, Rev., 

760 
Forticr Ancestry, 1829 

Francis, 1829 

Frederique, 1829 

John L., 1829 
Foss Ancestry, 2202, 
2203 

Alexander, 1471 

Benjamin, 2203 

Horatio G., 2203 

James O., 2203 

Jeremiah, 2203 

Susan F., 1471 

Willis O., 2204 
Foster Ancestry, 1964, 
2098 

Barzillai B., Dr., 1965 

Charles W., Dr., 1966 

Dexter, 2098 

Dexter L., 2099 

Frank C, 2099 

George C, 2099 

George H., 2098, 2099 

Mary W., 1965 

Reginald, 1964 

Thomas A., Dr., 1965 

Thomas D., 1965 

William. Sergt., 1965 
Fowles Ancestry, 821 

Alvin W^, 822 

Benjamin, 822 

Frank R., 822 

George, 821 

James, Capt., 822 

James, Lieut., 821 
Fox Ancestry, 2102, 2104 

Daniel. 2103 

Frederick, 2104 

James C, 2104 

John, 2102, 2103, 2104 

John, Rev.. 2103 

William O., 2103 
Frank Ancestry, 554 

Alpheus, 555 

Melvin P., Hon., 555 

Royal T., Gen., 555 

Thomas, 555 



Freeman Ancestry, 904, 

^925 

Ebcnezer, 926 

Edmund, 904 

Ednmnd, 925 

Frederick W., 926 

George G., 908 

Samuel, 904 

Samuel, Dea., 905 

William, 907 

William P., 926 
Frees Ancestry, 1552 

Benjamin, 1552 

Benjamin M., 1553 

J.imcs. 1 55 J 

Retire W., 1552 
French Ancestry, 204, 
2157 

Edward, 204 

George H., 2158 

James, 2157 

Nathaniel W.. 205 

Samuel G., 205 

Sidney L, 2158 
Frey, Charles H., 2239 

John, 2239 
Frost Ancestry, 1301, 
1530 

Charles S., 1532 

David, 1302 

Edmund, Elder, 1530 

Ephraim, 1532 

Ephraim A., 1532 

George, 1301 

Robert, 1302 

William. 1302 
Frye Ancestry, 14 

Dean, 15 

John, 14 

John M., Col., 15 

Joseph, 15 

Joseph, Capt., 15 

William P., 15 
Fuller Ancestry, 16, 20, 
22. 25, 1776 

Andrew, Rev., 19 

Benjamin, 21 

Caleb, 23 

Daniel, 1912 

Ebcnezer, 25 

Edward, 20 

Frederick A., 23 

Freeman, 1836 

Henry W., Capt., 23 

Isaac, 1836 

James E., 22 

John, 16 

John, 25 

John, Dea.. 1835 

John J., 22 

Matthew, 22 

Matthew, Capt., 17 

Melville W., Chief 
Jus., 23 

Peter, 19 

Samuel, Capt., 1777 

Samuel, Dr., 1776 

Sainuel, Dr., 1835 

Samuel, Lieut.. 18 

Samuel, Rev., 1835 

Samuel A., Rev., 1778 

Sidney T., 25 



Fuller Family 

W'illiam, 1912 

William O., 19 

William O., 20 
Fulton Ancestry, 539 

Aaron J., Dr., 540 

James, 539 

Robert, 540 

Samuel, 540 
Furber .Ancestry, 2042 

Benjamin, 2043 

Francis P., 2043 

Jonathan. 2043 
Furbish Ancestry, 1050 

Jeremiah, 1050 

Richard, 1050 



Gannett Ancestry, 470 

Barzillai. Maj., 471 

Guy P., 473 

Joseph. 471 

Joseph F., 471 

Matthew, 470 

William H., 471 
Gardiner Ancestry, 225 

George, 225 

John, 226 

John W. T., 227 

Robert H., 227 

Sylvester, 225 
Gardner Ancestry, 675, 
680 

Aaron L. R., 678 

Abel, Lieut., 676 

Ebenczer, 677, 21 12 

♦George R., 678 

Herbert N., 683 

Ira B.. Col.,*682 

John. 6S0 

John. 681 

Jonathan, 681 

Thoma^ 675, 21 1 1, 
2112 
Garner .\ncestry, 2239 

Allen. 2240 

William. 2240 

William A., 2240 
Garnsey .^Vncestry, 1577 

Amos, 1578 

Amos. Dea., 1578 

Frederick A., 1578 

John, 1577 

Julia A.. 1578 
George Ancestry, 1273 

Asa, 1274 

Edward P., 1274 

Gideon. 1273 
Gerrish .Ancestry. 1260 

Charles, Maj.» 1262 

Charles O., 1266 

Everett M., 1263 

Frederick H., 1266 

George L., 1264 

Harold S., 1263 

John, Capt.. 1260 

John J., 1264 

Leonard H.. 1261 

Leonard H., 1262 

Lester P.. 1263 

Nathaniel. Capt.. 1261 



INDEX 



x\ 



Gcrrish Family 
Oliver, 1265 
Orvillc K., 1261 
Timothy, Col., 1264 
William, Capl., 1260 
William L., 1266 

Getchcll Ancestry, 1536 
Edwin F., 1536 
George, 1536 
Henry F., 1536 

Gibbs Ancestry, I57g 
Charles E., 1580 
Edward A., 1580 
Matthew, 1579 
Rudolph R., 1580 
Rufiis, 1579 

Gibson Ancestry, 1245 
James L.. 1247 
James M., 1247 
John, 1245 
Robert, Lient., 1246 
Timotliy, Capt., 1246 
Timothy, Dea., 1246 

Gilbert Ancestry, 548 
Charles Dupiiis dit, 548 
Frank Y., Dr., 674 
Frederick A., 549 
Thomas, 548 
Thomas, 674 

Gilman .Ancestry, 1019 
Albert H., 1021 
David, Col., 1020 
Edward, 1019 
Edward H., 1021 
Jeremiah, Capt., 1020 
Simon G., 1021 

Gilmore Ancestry. 850, 

994 

James, 994 

John, 850 

Pascal P.. Hon., 852 

Robert, 994 

Tyrrel, 851 
Gilson Ancestry, 1558 

Arthur S., 1559 

Calvin, IS59 

Charles A., 1559 

Joseph, 1558 
Glover Ancestry, 1214 

John, 1214 

Phinehas H., 1216 

Russell, Capt.. 1216 
Godfrey Ancestry, 2265 

Benjamin, Capt., 2265 

Francis, 2265 

Otis S., 2265 
Coding Ancestry, 428 

Edward N., 430 

Henry, 428 

Luther, 429 

Richard H., 429 

William. 429 
Goodell Ancestry, 1 186 

Daniel S., Capt., 1186 

Robert, 1186 

Sears, 1186 

William H., Capt., 1 187 
Goodnough .Ancestry, 
2213 

Edmund, 2213 

Jacob N.. 2215 

Jonas, 2214 



Goodnough h'amily 

Waller S., 2215 
Goodwin Ancestry, 1400, 

1403 

Charles E., 1404 

Daniel, 1400 

Francis J., 1403 

George B., 1402 

Henry H., 1403 

John, 1402 

John M., 1402 

Joseph P., 1404 

Reuben, 1404 

Thomas, 1403 . 

Wilfiani R., 14I03 
Goold Ancestry, 405 

Jarvice, 406 

Nathan, 409 

Williain, 407 
Gordon .\nccstry, 1190, 
1711 

Alexander, 1712 

Arthur H., 1712 

David, 1712 

John, 1 190 

Seth C, Dr., 1191 

Stephen, 1190 
Gorham Ancestry, 1458 

Ebenezer, 1460 

James, 1458 

John, Capt., 1459 
Goudy Ancestry, 566 

Alden, 567 

Amos, 566 

Lewis A., 567 
Gould Ancestry, 409, 
2152 

Alexander, 2153 

Alexander, Capt., 2152 

Benjamin, 2152 

Charles F., 409 

James, 409 

John H., 409 

Roval E., 409 

Will D., 2153 

William H., 2153 
Gove Ancestry, 787 

Almon H., 788 

Chesley D., 1550 

Edward. 1551 

John, 787 

John, 1550 

John, 1551 

Roland S., 788 
Grant Ancestry, 371 

Elijah. 372 

Joel, 372 

John C. 372 

Matthew, 371 
Grav Ancestry, 872, 874, 

'875 
Arthur, 874 
Charles H., 876 
Elbridge, 873 
George, 875 
George, 876 
George B. M., 87s 
Isaac, 874 
John, 872 
Joshua. 87s 
Walter L.,'873 
William L., 873 



Greely Ancestry, 1961 

Andrew, 1961 

Cyrus, 1963 

Henry, 1963 

Horace W., 1963 

John W., 1963 
Green, Stephen H., Rev., 
1 163 

William M., Rev., 1162 
Greenlaw .'Vncestry, 2007 

Albert, Hon.. 2008 

George A., 2008 

James, 2008 
Greenleaf Ancestry, 358, 
1360, 1364, 1367, 1369, 
1628 

Charles H., 1368 

Charles T., 1368 

Daniel, Dr., 2101 

Daniel, Rev., 2101 

Edmund, 1360 

Edmund, 1367 

Edmund, 2100 

Emma C, 1369 

Granville C, 1370 

John, 358 

John, 1364 

John, 2102 

Jonathan, Hon., 358 

Jonathan, Hon., 1364 

Joseph W., 1629 

Levi, 1364, 2102 

Luther C, 1629 

Moses, Capt., 359 

Moses, Capt., 1365 

Samuel, 1369 

Simon, Hon., 1366 

Stephen, 1363 

Stephen, 1628 

Stephen, Capt., 1361 

Stephen, Capt., 2100 

Thomas, Capt., 1629 

Westbrook, 1369 

William, 1368 

William, Capt., 1368 
Greenwood Ancestry, 

1325 

Chester, 1327 

Nathaniel Jr., 1326 

Thomas, 1325 

Zina H., 1326 
Gregory Ancestry, 1994 . 

George A., Dr., 1994 

John J., 1994 
Griffin Ancestry, 832 

Eliphalet, 833 

Humphrey, 832 

James, 833 

John, 833 

Maria L., 833 
GrifTith Ancestry, 1392, 
2189 

Claude M., 2190 

Hezckiah, 2189 

John, 2189 

Nijah, 1392 

Stephen E., 2190 
Gross Ancestry, 1849 

Isaac. 1849 

Israel, 1849 

John S., 1849 

Samuel L, 1850 



H 

Haggclt Ancestry, 1231 

Amos, 1231 

Amos B., 1231 . 

Benjamin, 1231 

Mary O., 2231 

William, 2231 
Hale Ancestry, 69 

Clarence, 73 

Eliphalet. 1815 

Eugene, Hon., 72 

James S., 72 

Joseph. Capt., 71 

Samuel, 1815 

Thomas, 69 
Haley .Ancestry, 1022 

Andrew, 1022 

George F., 1023 

Henry U., 1022 

J. Frank, Rev., 760 

Leroy, 1023 

Samuel, 1022 
Halford Ancestry. 1646 

John, 1646 

Robert. 1646 
Hall Ancestry, 1580, 1582, 
1586, 1587, 2259 

Abiel, Dr., 1586 

Albert B., 1586 

Charles B., Maj.-Gen., 

1584 
Charles H., 1584 
Ebenezer, 2259 
Edward I., 1586 
Elvira C, 1588 
Frank, 1582 
Frederick P., 1587 
George W., 2259 
Goff A., 2260 
Hatevil, 1582 
Horace S., 1582 
Jennie I., 1588 
John, 1580 
John, 1582 
John. 2259 
Joseph. 1581 
Joseph, 1587 
Lemuel. 1587 
Mary, 1588 
Peter, 1583 
Porter, 1587 
Rachel A., 1588 
Richard, 1586 
William T., 1588 
William T., Judge, 

1587 
Ham Ancestry, 701 

Charles C, 782 

Joseph G., 782 

William, 781 
Hamilton Ancestry, 663, 
1714 

Ambrose, 1714 

Benjamin, 1714 

Benjamin R., 2159 

Fred G.. 1715 

George, 663 

Henry O., 1714 

James, 663 

Robert. 663 

.Samuel K.. 2159 



XVI 



INDEX 



Hamlin Ancestry, 5. 1° 
Charles, 9 
Cyrus, 9 
Cyrus, Dr., 7 
Ebenezer, Dea., 10 
Eleazer, Maj., 6 
Frank, 9 
George H., 11 
Hannibal, 7 

Hannibal, 10 

Hannibal, Maj., 10 

Hannibal E., 9 

James, S 

Wellington B., 11 

William, 11 
Hancock Ancestry, 234, 

433 
Isaac. 234 
Joseph. 433 
Nathaniel, 433 
Orrin J., 434 
William, 234 
William, 434 
William J., 434 
Hanev Ancestry, 2130 
John P., 2130 
Oramel E., Dr., 2130 
William S., 2130 
Hanscom Ancestry, 278, 
280 
Aaron, 280 
Howard C, 280 
Loring L., Rev., 280 
Luther P., 280 
Moses, Rev., 279 
Ruel W., 279 
Thomas, 278 
Walter V., Dr., 280 
Hanson Ancestry, 760, 
810, 2263 
Benjamin P., Hon., 811 
Ebenezer S., 761 
George W.. Hon., 8l2 
Henry H., 761 
John, 811 
Nicholas, 761 
Thomas, 810 
Tobias, 2263, 2264 
Harper. John, 1907 

William. 1907 
Harmon Ancestry, 1615 
Josiah, 1615 
Nathaniel, 1615 
Trueman, 1615 
Harriman .\ncestry, 883 
George P.. 884 
Leonard, 883 
Willard P.. 884 
Harris Ancestry, 972. 

1351 
Austin. 1352 
Benjamin, 973 
Fred H., 973 
Herbert. T353 
John, 1351 
Peter T.. 1352 
Samuel, 972 
Hart .A.ncestry. 1813 
Benjamin. 1814 
Hanson M., 1814 
John, Col., 1814 



Harvey Ancestry, 2149 
Albert, 2151 
Albion K. P., 2151 
Bezer, 2150 
Daniel, 2150 
Humphrey, 2149 
Haskell Ancestry, 1421, 
1423, 142s. 1450. 1573 
Asa, 1424 
Benjamin, 1425 
Charles A., 1422 
Charles P., 1381 
Elias, 1574 
Elizabeth \\ ■, 1383 
Frank H., 1422 
Jacob, 1380 
Job, 1451 
John, 1574 
Lewis W., 1424 
Loomis P., 1425 
Mark, 1425 
Marshall J., 1424 
Moses M., Capt., 1422 
Nathaniel, 143° 
Peter, Capt., 1381 
Roger, 1574 - 

Thomas H., Hon., 1381 
William, 1421 
William, 1423 
William, 145° 
William, Capt., 1380 
Hastings Ancestry, 1257, 
1752, 1754 
Amos, Gen., 1258 
Amos. Gen., 1752 
Charles H., I7S4 
Daniel S., I7S3 
David R., I2S9 
Gideon A., 1258 
John, 1257 
John, 1258 
John, 1753 
Robert, 1752 
St. John, 1754 
Thomas, 1257 
Timothy, Capt., I7S4 
Walter. Dea., 1257 
Hatch Ancestry, 2212 
Charles P., 2213 
Elijah, 2213 
Philip, 2212 
Hawkes Ancestry, 783 
Adam, 783 
Ahijah, 1823 
Ebenezer, 784 
Wilson L., Dr., 784 
Hawley Ancestry, 1000 
John, 1000 
Joseph, 1000 
Samuel B., looi 
Theodore, lOOl 
Theodore, 1002 
Hawthorne Ancestry, 
2261 
B. W., Mrs., 648 
Frank W., 2262 
Warren, 2262 
William, 2261 
Hayes Ancestry, 1460 
Jacob, 1462 
Jacob, Dea., 1462 
John, 1461 



Hayes Family 
John, Dea., 1461 
Joseph, 1462 
Joseph M., 1463 
Richmond B., 1462 
•Samuel S., 1462 
Sylvanus B., 1462 
Velmer F., 1463 
William, 1461 
Heald Ancestry, 1075 
1976 
Ephraim, Maj., 1075 
Fred P., 1076 
John, 1976 
Perham S., 107S 
Samuel, 1976 
Thomas H., 1075 
Heath Ancestry, 1095 
Alvan M. C, 1097 
Asa, 1097 
Asa, Rev., 1096 
Bartholomew, 1096 
Herbert M., 1097 
John, 1095 
Hegwein, Adam, 065 

Lewis, 665 
Henderson Ancestry, 98° 
Horace E., 981 
James, 980 
James C, 980 
Hersey Ancestry, 1967. 
1969, 1971. 1972 
Caleb, 1970 
Emily M., I974 
Heman N., I970 
Ira G., 1972 
James, 1972 
James, 1973 
John, 1969 
John, 1971 
John H., 1970 
Jonathan, 1971 
Levi, 1968 
Levi, Rev., 1968 
Oscar H., 1968 
Samuel B., 1972 
Samuel F., Hon., 1973 
Will O., 1971 
William, 1967 
Hescock, Enos T., 989 

Rov M., 989 
Heseiton .\ncestry, 2079 
George W., 2081 
John, 2080 
Joseph, 2080 
Reuben, 2081 
Heywood Ancestry, 383 
John, 384 
John. Dea., 384 
Josiah. 384 
Peter, 384 
Hicliborn Ancestry, 1009 
Harry R., 1009 
Robert, 1O09 
Wilson, 1009 
Higgins Ancestry. 1784. 
1786. 1788, 2089 
Algernon S., 1787 
Amos, 1785 
Benjamin, 1786 
Benjamin, 1788 



Higgins Family 
Charles, 1787 
Eleazer. 1785 
Elisha, 1787 
Israel, 1789 
John H., 1785 
Micah, 2089 
Reuben, 2089 
Richard, 1784 
Royal G.. Capt., 1798 
Royal G., Dr., 1798 
Hight Ancestrj', 669 
Horatio. Capt., 671 
John, Sergt., 669 
Leroy L., 671 
Hill Ancestry. 35. '540. 
1744,1746, 1747. 2"27. 

2264 - 

Aaron, Dr., 1748 
Abraham, I747 
Abraham. Rev., 174° 
Benjamin, 2264 
Benjamin J., Hon., 

1746 
Edward. 2127 
Francis, Col., 1748 
Hezekiah, 1746 
James, 2265 
John, 35 
John, 1548 

John, 2264 ,, _^ 

John F., Hon., M. D., 

36 
Joseph H., 226s 
Nathaniel, I74S 
Nathaniel, Capt., 174° 
Peter, 1744 
Samuel. 36 
Tristram. I745 
Valentine, 1746 
William, 36 
William, 1548 ^ 

Winfield S., M. D., 



1745 

Hills Ancestry, 1749 
Isaac, Dr., 1751 
Joseph, 1749 
Nathan. 175' 
Vinal, I75> 
Hinckley Ancestry, IS<» 
Aaron, 1851 
Edmund, 1503 
Ephraim O.. IS03 
Frederick J.. 1503 
Samuel. 1502 
Hincks Ancestry. 849 
Jesse. Capt., 849 
Jesse Y.. 850 
John, 849 
Joseph L. S., 850 
Hinds Ancestry, IS37. 
2247 
Albert D., 1539 
Asher, 15.38 
Asher, 1539 
Asher C, 1S39 
Benjamin, 15.38 
Fiienczer, 2249 
Ebenezer. Rev., 2248 
James, 1538 
John, 2248 
William, 2247 



INDEX 



xvii 



Hiscock Ancestry, 988 

Joseph L., 988 

Ricliard, 988 
Hitchcock Ancestry, 1697 

Eldad, 1697 

Harry A., 1698 

Luke, 1697 

Matthias, 1697 

Noah, 1697 

Samuel P., 1698 
Hobbs Ancestry, 1592, 

1594 
Charles H., 1595 
Daniel A., 2240 
Frederick A., 2240 
George, 1593 
George 11., 2240 
Henry, 1592 
James B., 1595 
Maurice, 1594 
Nathaniel, Col., 1593 
Nathaniel, Judge, 1593 
Obe. 1595 

Thomas, Capt., 1593 
Hobson Ancestry, 230 
Jabez, 231 
James E., 232 
Sewell, 231 
William, 230 
William, 231 
Hodgdon .'\ncestry, 450, 
1616. 2128 
Daniel R., 836 
Daniel R., 837 
John, 1616 
Moses, 2128 
Moses A., 2128 
Nicholas, 450 
Thomas, Capt., 1616 
Thomas S., 451 
Timothy, 1616 
William. 451, 2128 
Hodgkins Ancestry, 1775 
Jefferson, Col., 1775 
Thomas, 1776 
Thomas J., 1776 
William, 1775 
Willi.nm L., 1776 
Holt Ancestry, 500^ 
Abel, 50o3 

Erastus E., Dr., soo5 
Nicholas, 500^ 
Homer Ancestry, 920 
John, Capt., 920 
Leslie C, 921 
William, 921 
Zenas, 921 
Hood Ancestry, 1219 
Abner, 1219 
Ebenezer, 1220 
John, i2ig 
Martin, 1220 
Richard, 1219 
Hopkins Ancestry, 1426, 
2219 
Andrew W., 2219 
Isaac, 2219 
Joseph, 1427 
Nathan, 2219 
Percival O., 2219 
Prince, 1427 
Stephen, 1426 



Hopkins Family 
Thomas S., 1427 

Hough Ancestry, 1503 
Alonzo B., 1504 
Joseph, 1504 
Scrrajah, 1504 
William O., 1504 

Houghton Ancestry, goo, 

903 

Abel, Capt., 903 
Henry L., 904 

Houghton Bros., 901 

John, 900 

Jonathan, Maj., 903 

Levi, 901 

Luther, Capt., 903 
Howard Ancestry, 27, 
1650 

Charles H., 1650 

Columbus, 28 

Daniel M., 369 

Jeremiah, 1650 

John, 27 

Jonathan, Maj., 27 

Ruel, 27 
Howe Ancestry, 952 

Elliot W., 953 

John, 952 

John W., 953 

Phineas, 953 

Samuel G, 1338 
Howiand Ancestry, 1537 

Arthur, 1537 

Joseph, 1537 

William, 1537 
Hubbard Ancestry, 887 

Cornet R., 887 

John, 888 

John, Lieut., 888 

Richard, Cant., 888 

Thomas H., 889 
Huff Ancestry, 804 

Atherton. 804 

George F., 805 

Isaiah, 805 

Sumner S., 805 
Hughes Ancestry, 1417 

John, 1417 

John, Capt., 1417 

John F., 1418 

Ralph W., 1418 
Humphrey Ancestry, 556, 
897. 898 

Asa, 559 

Havilah, 899 

Henry P.. 559 

James, 897 

James B.. 899 

John, 898 

Jonas, 556 • 

Jonas. Dea., 557 

Jonathan. 897 

Orman B., 898 

Samuel F.. 897 
Hunt Ancestry, 1404 

Arthur K., 1406 

Frederick E.. 1405 

George S., 1405 

Jonathan, Dea.. 1404 

Philip B., 1406 

Samuel. Capt., 1405 



Huntington, Catherine 
M., 1779 

Charles A., 1779 
Hurd Ancestry, 1546 

Daniel A., Hon., 1547 

Isaiah, 1547 

John, 1546 

Mary R., 1548 
Hussey Ancestry, 435, 
437. 718 

Charles W., 437 

Christopher, 435 

Daniel, 2012 

Daniel W., 2012 

Ebenezer, 437 

Ebenezer, 438 

Erwin A., Capt., 438 

James, 718 

Marcellus L., 2012 

Richard, 718 

Samuel F., 438 

Silas, 437 

Huston Ancestry, 970 

James, 970 

Joel, 972 

Joel P., 972 

Robert, 971 

Sylvester, 824 
Hutchinson Ancestry. 
1526, 1717 

Barnard, 1526 

Benjamin, 1717 

Eben, 1717 

James P., 1528 

John, 1527 

John C. 1528 

Joseph, Rev., 1527 

W. A., Rev., 760 
Hyatt Ancestry, 1388 

Dilwin L., 1392 

Ely E.. 1391 

Lewis B.. 1391 

Nelson G., 1391 

Pulaski F., Dr., 1393 

Samuel. 1390, 1391 

Thomas, 1.388, 1390 
Hyde Ancestry, 87. 1372 

Edward W., 1376 

Job, 88 

Joel, 88 

John S., 1376 

Jonathan, 87 

Thomas W., 1374 

William, 1372 

William D., 88 

Zina, 1373 



I 



Inealls Ancestry, 913 

Edmund, 913 

Phineas, 915 

Phineas H., M. D.,qi5 
Ingraham .Ancestry, 667, 
1291 

Darius H , 1292 

Edward. 667. 668, 1291 

Ferdinand, 66g 

Joseph H., 129: 

William C. S., 669 

William M.. 1292 



Irish Ancestry, 2135 
Fred D., 2138 
James, 2135, 2136 
Thaddeus P., 2137 

J 

Jacobs Ancestry, 823 

George, 823 

George, 824 

George, Lieut., 824 

Harrison L., 824 

Theodore, 824 
Jameson Ancestry, 994 

Martin, 994 

William, 994 
Jenks Ancestry, 360 

Eleazer A., 361 

John, Capt., 361 

Joseph, 360 

William R., 361 
Jennings Ancestry, 140 

Edward L., 147 

Edward M., l'48 

John, 140 

Julius C, 150 

Laura, 149 

Lovias, 149 

Octavius L., 150 

Perez S., Dr.. 149 

Ralph W., 148 

Samuel, 145 

Samuel M., 145 

Scth W., 149 

Williston, 146 
Jewell Ancestry, 1846 

.Mbcrt, 1847 

Enos. 1847 

Ralph A.. 1848 

Rufus M., 1847 

Thomas, 1847 
Jewett Ancestry, 1794 

Charles, Dr., 1795 

Henri. 1794 
Jonathan, 1795 
Maximilian. 1795 
Johnson Ancestry, 1465, 
1468. 2188 
Anson. 1469 
Benjamin. 2188 
Charles E., 1470 
Charles F.. Hon., 2i8g 
Edward, Capt., 1468 
Elbridse, 1467 
Fmnklin W., 2033 
Horatio H., 1469 
Isaac, Capt., 1466 
Jacob. 21S8 
John. 1465 
John, Maj., 1466 
Samuel W., 1467 
William F., 2188 
Johnston .\ncestry, 2065 
David. 2066 
John. 2065 
Thomas. 2065 
Jones .\nccstry, 1298, 
1302. 2001 
Eben M., 2170 
Ebenezer, 2169 
Eliphalet, 1298. 1299 



XVlll 



INDEX 



Jones Family 

Henry M., 2001 

Hiram T., 1302 

Lelaiid W., 2170 

Levi, 2001 

Nathaniel M.. 1302, 
• 1303 

Otis N., 1299 

Ralph, 1298 

William F., 1299 
Jordan Ancestry, 1 16, 
118, 120, 123, 125, 
126, 1223, 1385 

Archer, 120 

Benjamin C, 117 

David, 117 

Dominicus. 120 

Forrest E., 125 

Frank H,, Dr., 126 

George I., 126 

Herbert R., 124 

Horace M., 122 

Ichabod, 1386 

Ichabod, Capt., 1226 

James C, 1227 

James C, Capt., 1227 

Jedediah, 116 

Jeremiah, 116 

Joseph, 126 

Joshua, Capt., 120 

Lyman G., 117 

Nathaniel, 125 

Nathaniel, Lt.-Col., 121 

Robert, Rev., 1223 

Rishworth, 124 

Rishworth, Judge, 1385 

Rishworth. Maj., 1386 

Samuel, 121 

*S a m u c 1, Capt., 123, 
1225 

Tristram. Col., 123. 
1226 

Wentworth, 125 

William, 119 

William, 121 
Joscelyn Ancestry, 2006 

Daniel J. P., 2006 

David, 2006 

Robert N., 2006 

William J., 2006 
Jose Ancestry. 2237 

Alexander, 2237 

Christopher, 2237 

Horatio N., 2237 

John, 2237 

Harriet N. (Cam- 
mett), 2237 
Josselyn Ancestry, 379 

Alden, 381 

Everett R., 383 

Harrison C, 383 

Henry. 380 

Theodore A., 382 

Thomas, 379 

William H., 381 

K 

Keating Ancestry. 1097 
Francis R.. 156 
John B., 1098 
Richard, Capt , 1097 



Keeler, Jeremiah, 2216 

Timothy, 2216 
Kelley Ancestry, 930 

Francis, 930 

John R., Capt., 930 

William, 930 
Kelly Ancestry, 932 

Abel H., 933 

John, 932, 933 

Melville il., 933 

Phineas 1 ., 933 

Richard, Capt., 933 
Kendall Ancestry, 1281, 
1284 

Clarence F., Dr., 1286 

Heman, 1285 

John, 1282 

Lucius n., 1286 

Nathan, 1285 

Nathan N., 1284 

Nathan O., 1285 

Robert R., Capt., 1283 

Samuel, 1284 

Thomas, 1282 

William C, 1284 

William P., 1283 

William R., 1283 
Kenscll, De.xter W., 
2014 

Mehitable G., 2015 
Keyes Ancestry, 570 

Francis, 572 

Jonathan, 571 

Jonathan, Dea., 571 

Robert, 570 

Thomas, Dea., 570 
Kilborn Ancestry, 1629 

Charles H., 1633 

John, Capt., 1630 

Samuel F., 1633 

Thomas, 1630 

William. Capt., 1631 

William T., 1632 
Kilby Ancestry, n6o 

Benjamin F., Ii6l 

Charles H., 1161 

John, 1 160 
Kimball Ancestry, 65, 67 

Ebenezer P., 68 

Irving E., 68 

Ivory G., 66 

Jesse, Rev.. 68 

Mary E. (Shaw), 1696 

Richard, 65, 67 

Robert M.. 68 

Wilbraham, 66 
Kincaid .Xncestry, 2009 

John. 2009 

Robert J., 2010 

Thomas, 2010 
King Ancestry, 1198. 
1687, i6go 

David. iiqS 

Horatio, 1688 

Horatio C, 1689 

John, 1 198 

Joseph, 1690 

Joseph M., Dr., 1690 

Philip. 1687 

Samuel, 1688. 1690 
Kinsman Ancestry, i6g 

John, 169 



Kinsman Family 

John D., 170 

Nathan, 170 

Oliver D., 171 

Robert, 169 

Robert, Quar'm'r, 169 

Stephen, Sergt., 170 
Knight Ancestry, 1 177, 
1539. 1563 

Austin D., 1540 

Charles S., M. D., 673 

Frank A., 1178 

George, Capt., 1563 

George H., 1564 

James, 11 78 

John, 1177, 1539 

Nathan, 1540 

Storer S., 672 

Walter, 1563 
Knox Ancestry, 1272 

Ira S., 1272 

John, 1272 

L. L., Rev., 759 

Thomas, 1272 



Lane Ancestry, 185 1 

Joshua, Dea., 185 1 

Samuel, 1852 

William, 1851 

William, Dea., 1851 
Lang, Charles, 1006 

Charles A., IQ07 

Charles E., 1006 
Larrabee Ancestry, 1437, 
1439, 2207 

Benjamin, 1437 

Charles F., 2208 

Daniel, 1439 

George H. P., 1438 

James M., 1439 

John, 1439 

Jordan L., 1438 

Robert, 2207 

Samuel W., Dea., 2207 

Seth L., 1438 

Stephen, 1437 

Stephen, 2207 

Thomas. 1437 
Lary .Ancestry, 2133 

Arthur H., 2134 

Jonas G., 2134 

Joseph, 2134 
Laughlin .Ancestry, 1217 

Alice H., 1218 

Thomas, 1217 

Thomas S., 1217 
Lawrence .Ancestry. 1029 

David, Capt., 1030 

Edward J., 1030 

James. 1030 

Robert, 1020 
Lawrence Library. 856 
Lawry Ancestry, 2129 

Charles A., 2130 

Otis W., 2129 
Leavitt Ancestry, iioi. 
1 103, 1 104 

Aaron R.. 1104 

Abraham. 1104 

A. Judson, 1 103 



Leavitt Family 

Francis W., 1104 

Fred L„ 1103 

Ichabod, 1103 

Isaac, 1103 

Jacob, 1 102 

John, IIOI 

John, Sir, iioi 

Leonard, 1103 

Lewis, 1 103 
Ledyard Ancestry, 1 168 

Harriet C, 1170 

James C, 1170 

John, 1 169 

William P., 1 170 
Leighlon Ancestry, 2056, 
2057. 2059 

Adam, 659 

Adam, 2057 

Adam P., Hon., 659 

Alfred, 2059 

Charles M., Dr., 2057 

Jacob, 2058 

Jonathan, 2059 

Lincoln H., 2060 

Llewellyn M., 2059 

Mark, 2060 

Marshall O., 2059 

Thomas, 2058 

Warren. 2060 

Wilbur F,, 2057 
Lemont Ancestry, 550 

Alfred, 551 

John. 551 

John, Capt., 551 

John, Col., 551 
Leonard .Ancestry, 1074 

E. Randall, 1075 

Thoinas, 1074 

Thomas E., 1074 

William, 1074 
Lewis Ancestry, 1062, 

1541 
Abijah, 1542 
C. J., 1542 
Francis D., 1542 
George. 1063 
George, Maj., 1063, 

1064 
George, Rev., 1064 
James, Lt , 1063 
John, 1541 
Lothrop, 1064 
Libby Ancestry, 307, 310, 

312, 313, 2010 
Abner. 308 
Andrew, 314 
Andrew, Lieut., 311 
.Arthur, 1081 
Augustus F., 309 
Charles F., 309 
Daniel, 2010 
David, 313 
Elias, Rev., 308 
Ellen H., 313 
George, 314 
George W., 312 
Harriet A.. 313 
Harrison J.. 312 
James B., 309 
John. 307 
John, 1079 



INDEX 



XIX 



l,il)l)y Family 

John, Capt., 308 

Joseph, 2010 

Joshua, Capt., 31 1 

Joshua, Dca., 311 

Joshua C. 312 

Matthew, 310 

Rufus, 314 

Simon. 314 

Stephen, 2010 

Steplien, Capt., 315 

Washington, 31 1 

William, 1081 
Lincoln Ancestry, 39Q, 

403 

Anna M., 403 

Artluir I'., Dr., 403 

Benjamin, Dea., 399 

Benjamin, Hon., 399 

Benjamin. Maj.-Gen., 
400 

Frederick D., 406 

John K., 406 

Justus, 405 

Theodore, 401 

Thomas, 399, 402, 404 
Linn Ancestry, 1997 

Archibald, 1998 

Thomas A., 1998 
Linscott .Ancestry, 965 

Jacob, 966 

John J., 967 

Joseph. 965 

Joseph A., 966 
Lithgow Library (Au- 
gusta). 856 
Lithgow, Llewellyn W., 

§57 
Little Ancestry, 451, 458, 

459, 460, 461, 462, 

1966 
Adderson C. 1967 
Albion, 463 
Albion II., 463 
Daniel. Dea., 462 
Edward, 456 
Edward A., 458 
Edward T., 458 
Frank H., 459 
George, 452 
George T., 458 
George W., 461 
Hall J.. 459 
Henry, 1966 
Horace C, 457 
Jacob R., 457 
James, 1966 
John L., Capt., 460 
Joseph. Capt., 462 
Joshua. Capt., 463 
Josiah. 455 
Josiah. 456 
Josiah S., 461 
Leslie E., 1967 
Michael, 461 
Moses, 453 
Paul. 460 
Samuel, 463 
Stephen, 459 
Timothy, M. D., 460 
William, 1966 



LittU-field .'Vncestry, lOI. 
104, 105, 106 

Arthur S., 107 

Charles R., 102 

Charles W., 103 

Christopher, 102 

Daniel L., 106 

Edmund, loi 
■ Eliab, 105 

Frank H., 105 

Francis Jr., Ens., 105 

Gilnian P., Hon., 106 

Harry G., 105 

John, Capt., 104 

Josiah, 106 

Samuel B., 102 

Theodore, 107 

William H., 107 
Littlehalc Ancestry, 2015 

Isaac, 2015 

Jacob B., 2015 

Leslie N., 2015 
Lobdell Ancestry, 152 

Isaac, 153 

Isaac. Capt., 153 

Nicholas, 152 

Simon, 152 
Locke Ancestry, 1672 

Ebenezer, 1673 

John, Capt., 1672 

John M., 1673 

Nathaniel, Capt., 1673 

Stcplicn B., 1674 
Lombard Ancestry, 2076 

Calvin, 2077 

James, 2077 

Loring S.. Dr., 2077 

Richard, Col, 2077 

Solomon, Rev., 2077 

Thomas, 2076 
Longfellow Ancestry, 
238 

Alexander W., 242 

Henry W., 240 

Stephen, Hon., 240 

Stephen, Lieut., 239 

William, Ens., 238 
Longley, Eli, 1445 
Lord Ancestry, 501, 506, 
507, 1911, 2258 

Benjamin, Capt., 507 

Edward T. S., 2259 

Elbridge G., 504 

Ephraim H., 502 

George W., Capt., 507 

Hartley, 505 

Ivory F., 507 

James, 1912 

John, 1911 

John F., 807 

Joseph. 1912 

Lyman. 504 

Nathan, 501, 807 

Robert, 506 

Robert W., 505 

Samuel L., 502 

Sylvester, 507 

Thomas. 2258 

♦Thomas B., 2258 

Tobias, Capt., 504 

Tobias. Lieut., 504 

William. 505 



lj)rd l^'amily 

William G., 2258 
Loring Ancestry, 1464 

John, 1464 

Lot, 1465 

Nicholas, Rev., 1464 

Thomas, 1465 

Thomas, Dea., 1464 
Lothrop .'\ncestry, 374, 

377 

Daniel, Col., 375 

Daniel W., 376 

George, 377 

Harry W., 377 
- Mark, 375 

Solomon L., 377 

Sullivan, 376 

William H., 377 
Loud. Adeline B., 1843 
Low Ancestry, 1505, 1507 

Frank M., 1507 

Jeremiah, 1506 

Jerry A., 1507 

John W., 1507 

Thomas, 1505 

Thomas, 1506 
Lowe Ancestry, 1508 

David, 1508 

Perley, 1508 

Robert, 1508 

William G., 1508 
Lowell Ancestry, 205. 
257. 1434 

Abner, 1435 

Gideon, Capt., 205 

Gideon, Capt., 1434 

James. 258 

James, 1435 

James, Hon., 205 

John, 1435 

Joseph, 257 

Mark, Hon.. 205 

Percival, 205, 257 

Richard, 1434 
Ludwig .\ncestry, 2220 

George, 2220 

Godfrey, 2220 

Joseph, 2220 

Roscoe F., 2221 
Luques Ancestry, 1108 

Anthony, Dr., 1 108 

Edward C, 1109 

Samuel W., 1109 
Lyford .Ancestry, 1476, 

1479 
Biley, 1479 
Dudley, 1477 
Earle H., 1480 
Francis, 1476 
Franklin O.. M. D., 

1479 
John F., 1479 
Oliver S., 1478 
Stephen, 1477 
Will H., 1478 

M 

MacDonald or McDonald 
Ancestry, 744 
George, 744 
Horace E., Col., 745 



MacDonald Family 

John, 744 

Lucius F., 745 
McAllister Ancestry, 
2231 

Charles L., 2231 

Ella F., 2232 

Henry F., 2232 

Margaret B., 2232 

Stephen, 2231 

William H., 2232 
McCully, Charles G., 1 174 
McCurdy Ancestry, 664 

Charles L., 664 

Harding G., 664 

Thomas, 1 196 
McDonald Ancestry, 753 

George, 754 

George A., Capt., 754 

Herbert R., 754 
McFarland, Elijah, 1518 

Josiah. 1517 
McKean-McKeen Ances- 
try, 174 

Ephraim. 181 

James, 179 

James, 175 

James, Justice, 176 

James F. 182 

Joseph, 177 

Joseph. 182 

Julia G., 183 

.Samuel. Dea.. 181 

William, 175 
McKinney, Ale.xan d e r, 
1082 

John. 1081 

Luther F., 1081 
McLaughlin, John, 1791 
McNelly Ancestry, 448 

Michael. 449 

William. 449 
McQuillan .Ancestry, 33 

George F., 33 

Hugh McL., Rev., 33 

John, 33 

Rufus H., 33 
Macomber Ancestry, 
1114 

George E., 1115 

George W., 11 15 

John, 1114 
Maddncks .\ncestry, 1951 

Abbie F., 1952 

*-'Vurelia F.. 1195, 1952 

Charles. 1952 

Henry, 1952 

John. 1952 

Palgrave. 1952 

Samuel. 1951 

William E.. 1952 
Manley .Ancestry. H07 

James S.. 1108 

Joseph H., 1108 

Samuel C. 1108 

William. 1 107 
Mann .\ncestry, 1980 

Roland W., 1983 

Peter, 1981 

William. 1981 

William. 1982 

William E., 1982 



XX 



INDEX 



Manning Ance^t^.v, 1801 
Charles C, 1806 
Charles R, 1805 
Ellen C, 1806 
Franklin, 1805 
James, 1803 
Samuel, 1802 
William, 1801 
William, 1804 
Marden Anccslry, 1903 
Benjamin, 1905 
James, 1903 
Oscar A., Judge, 1906 
Stephen, Dea., 1904 
Stephen P., 1906 
Marsh Ancestry, 2027, 
2204 
George A., 2205 
George E., 2205 
Joel, Col.. 2205 
John, 2204 
Joseph, Capt., 2205 
Martin \'an B., 2028 
Ralph H., Dr., 2028 
Stephen D., 2027 
Welcome, 2205 
Marshall Ancestry, 795 
Benjamin, 795 
Edward S., 796 
Frank D., 796 
John, 795 
Jonathan, 236 
Nathaniel G.. 795 
Marson Ancestry, 973 

Arber, 973 
Marston Ancestry, 757, 
805 

Daniel, 757 

Daniel. Capt., 1152 
Daniel C, 807 

Mariam L., 807 

Samuel, Ens.. 806 

Samuel, Capt., 806 

Simon. Capt., 758 

Theodore. Col., 1152 

William, Capt.. 757 

William Sr., 805 

William S., 807 
Martin Ancestry. 2229 

Dudley S., 2230 

George D.. 2230 

Richard, 2229 

Robert, 2229 
Mason Ancestry, 107, 588 

Amos, 107 

Ayres, 1371 

Charles. 1371 

Ebenczer. 482 

Ebenezer, Dr.. 589 

George L.. 124 

Griffith, 2228 

Helen A.. 125 

Hugh. Capt.. 588 

Jeremiah M., Hon , 107 

Jonas, 589 

Moses, 1 37 1 

William W., 109 

Zelotes. 589 

Mathias. David. 2228 

Philip. 2228 
Matthews .^ncest^y. 1610 

Alfred, 1611 



Matthews Family 

Elbridge, Capt., 1612 

Francis, 1610 

Fred V., 1612 

John, Capt., 161 1 
Maxcy Ancestry, 1696 

Alexander, 1696 

Benjamin, Lieut., 1696 

Estelle A., 1697 

Frederick E.. 1697 

Ira. Capt., 1696 
Maxfield Ancestry, 604 

Abbie C, 605 

Dudley, 605 

Wcntworth, 605 I 

Maxwell Ancestry, 627 

James, Capt., 628 

Ruth A., 629 

Thomas C, 629 

William, 628 
Maybury Ancestry, 1073 

Nathaniel, 1074 

Richard. Capt., 1073 

William. 1073 

William J., M. D.. 1074 
Mayhew Ancestry, 991 

Experience, 992 

Nathan, 993 

Vinal, 994 

William, 991 

William, 993 

Zachariah, 992 
Maynard Ancestry, 306 

John. 306 

William. 306 
Mavo .Ancestry, 1779 

Edward P., 1781 

John, Rev., 1779 

Leonard, 1780 

Samuel, Rev., 1780 
Medina, Annabelle F., 

2233 

John. 2233 
Megquier Ancestry, 624 

Adelaide H.. 625 

Arthur S., 624 

John. 624 

Thomas L.. 624 
Melcher Ancestry, 464 

Edward. 464 

Hoi man S., Maj., 464 
Merriam Ancestry, 186, 
192 

Henry C, Maj .-Gen., 
188 

John, Dea., 187 

Joseph, 186 

Lewis, 188 

Lewis, Maj., Jr., 192 

William. 187 
Merrifield Ancestry, 1799 

George A. L., 1799 

Jacob. 1799 

Nathaniel, 1799 

i^imcon, 1799 
Merrill Ancestrv, 1408, 
i8=;2. i8s4. iS'^5. iSi^e, 
1858. 1859. 1861, i86^ 

Abel. 1856 

Amos. 1859 

Asa. 1858 

Benjamin. 1861 



Merrill Family 

Benjamin W., 1859 

Charles B., Col., 1863 

Charles E„ 1864 

Daniel, 1859 

Dainel, Sergt., 1408 

Daniel, Sergt., 1855 

Edward, 1857 

Edward B., 1857 

Edward R.. 1862 

Edwin S., 1855 

Elmer D., Dr., 1858 

Ezekiel, 1853 

George P., i860 

Henry F., 1863 

Horace P., 1854 

Irvmg L., Hon., 1859 

Isniah, 185!; 

Ithamar B., 1858 

John, 1859 

John. 1863 

John, Dea., 1854 

John, Dea.. l8ss 

John F. A.. 1864 

John H., 1856 

Lucius, i860 

Lucius H., 1861 

Major, 1864 

Moses, 1854 

Moses, i860 

Nathaniel, 1852 

Nathaniel, 1861 

Paul, Col., 1409 

Roger. 1856 

Samuel. 1853 

Samuel F.. 1853 

Stephen S., 1864 

Thomas, 1409 

Thomas, 1858 

Thomas, 1863 
M e r r i m a n Ancestrv, 
2078. 2281 

Eli, 2078 

James. 2281 

James D., 2078 

John A.. 2282 

Robert, 2078 

Walter, 2078 
Meserve Ancestry, 1236 

Albion K. P., Dr., 1237 

Benjamin, Capt., 1237 

Clement. 1236 

Mary M.. 1238 
Meuli, Addie L. 1872 

Martin. 1872 
Mildon Ancestry, 1354 

Thomas. 1355 

William S.. Hon., 1355 

Miller. Caleb D., 169 

Charles. Rev., 168 

Charles A., 168 
Milliken Ancestr>', 599, 
601. 603, 2243 

Allison, 603 

Asa. 600 

Benjamin. 601 

Benjamin, 2243 

Daniel. 604 

Edward. 6oi 

Harris J., 604 

Howard A., 603 

Hugh, 599 



Milliken Family 

James, 604 

James A.. 602 

John, 599 

John. 2243 

Jonathan, 603 

Josiah, 2243 

Nathaniel, Dea., 600 

Seth M., 2244 

Silas W., 600 

William R.. 602 
Miner Ancestry, 1:87 

Clement. 1 187 

Henry. 1187 

Nathan, 1188 

Silvanus. 1188 

Walter N.. Dr., 1 188 

William, 1 188 
Mitchell Ancestry, 1069,. 
1071 

Charles, 1072 

Christopher, 1072 

Experience, 1 069 

Henry L., 1071 

Horace, Hon., 1072 

John, 995 

Reuben, 1072 

Solomon S., 1070 
M'offitt Ancestry, 2016 

Caleb, 2017 

Caleb G., 2017 

Julia E.. 2017 
Mooers, Mary E., 1792 

Reuben, Capt., 1792 
Moor Ancestry, 1064 

Daniel, 1065 

Daniel, Capt., 1065 

James. Dea.. 1065 

William. 1066 
Moore Ancestry, 467, 
2089. 2090. 2092, 209s, 
2116. 2168 

Charles. 2095 

Edward, 2092 

Edward B., Hon., 468 

Frank L, 2095 

Henry. 2169 

Hiram. 2090 

Ira, 2ogi 

Ira H., 2092 

John. 20S9, 2091, 21 16, 
2117 

John. Dea.. 2168 

John F., 2092 

Luther, 2090 

Luther R., 2118 

Luther S., 21 17 

William. 467, 2091, 

2095 

William E., 2092 
Morey, Frank A., 2034 
Morgan Ancestrv, 725, 
748 

Appleton. 725 

Charles. 726 

Eustis'P.. 727 

John. 748 

Manley R., 749 

Richard, 726 

Samuel, 748 



INDEX 



XXI 



Morrill Ancestry, 1985 

Abraham, 1985 

John, 1986 

John, Capt,, 1985 

Moses, 1986 

Moses, Rev., 1985 
Morris, Myra F., 1351 
Morrison Ancestry, 1279 

Daniel, 1279 

David, 1280 

James, Capt., 1280 

James, Hon., 1281 
Morse Ancestry, 647,868, 
2085 

Anthony, 647 

Anthony, Ens., 871 

Anthony, Lieut., 871 

Benjamin W., Capt., 
648 

Charles \V., 672 

James, 672 

James S., 869 

John. Ens., 869 

John Jr., 871 

Joseph, 868 

Reuben, 2085 

Samuel A., 2266 

Thomas £., 872 

Thomas, Rev., 2085 

Walter G., 870 

William M., 86g 

Wyman, 648 

Zenas W., 870 
Morton Ancestry, 151, 
1044, 1115 

Bryant, Capt., iu6 

Charles A., 1048 

Ebenezer, Capt., 151 

Edmund, Capt., 1047 

Ephraim, Hon., 1046 

George, 1045 

Isaac, Capt., 1047 

John, Hon., 151 

John, 1 1 16 

Seth, 151 

Seth C, 1117 

William. 1048 

William W., 1116 
Moses Ancestry, 631 

Abram, 633 

Charles M., 633 

Cyrus, 632 

John, Sergt., 631 
Mosher Ancestry, 911 

Guy L., 913 

Hugh, 911 

Nathan W., 913 

Samuel P., 913 
Moulton Ancestry, 4TO, 
413, 415, 417, '1292 

Abel, Capt., 416 

Allen C. 417 

Augustus F., 412 

Charles G.. 417 

Daniel, 1292 

Daniel, Capt., 411 

Freedom, 412 

George, 416 

George D.. 417 

Jeremiah. 415 

Jeremiah, Capt.. 415 

Jeremiah, Col., 413 



Moulton Family 

Joshua, Capt., 411 

Jotham, Brigadier, 414 

Jotham, Dr., 415 

Moses S., 415 

Silas M., 415 

Thomas, 413 

William, 410 

William, 1293 

William G., 416 
Mudgctt Ancestry, 937 

David H., 939 

Simeon, Dr., 938 

Thomas, 937 
Mulliken, Charles H., 

2233 

John, 2233 
Munroe Ancestry, 2221 

Alexander, 2221 

David, 2221 

James, 2221 
Munson Ancestry, 2276 

Daniel G., 2276 

Edwin L., 2276 

Richard, Capt., 2276 
Murchie .'\ncestry, 1233 

Andrew, 1233 

James, 1233 

William A., 1234 
Murray .Ancestry, 824 

Edmund G., 825 

Hiram. 824 

Horace. 824 

N 

Nash Ancestry, 565, 607 

.Mbert M., 609 

Daniel F., 566 

Daniel W., 566 

Elijah, 565 

Francis, 607 

Stillman W., 609 

Uriah, 608 
Neal Ancestry, 212 

John, 2T2 

Joseph, 212 

Joseph. 213 
Nelson Ancestry, 664 

Gustaf, 664 

Lars. 664 

Otto, 664 
Nesmith Ancestry, 944 

Benjamin, 944 

James. 944 

James, Dea.. 944 
Newell Ancestry, 1131 

Charles C, 1134 

Charles D., 1134 

David, Rev., 1 132 

Ebenezer, 1132 

William B., 1133 

William H., Hon., 1133 
Newhall Ancestry. 1164 

George H., 1 166 

Henry C, 1166 

Joseph. Ens.. 1165 

Louise E., 1 166 

Samuel. 1165 

Thomas, 1164 

Thomas, Ens., 1165 



Nichols .\ncestry, 1843 

Lemuel, 1844 

Martha A., 1844 

Richard, 1843 

Samuel, Capt., 1844 
Nickerson .Ancestry, 2001 

Josiah, 2002 

Peter S., 2002 

Shubael, 2001 

Shubacl, 2002 
Norwood Ancestry, 1956, 
2177 

Francis, 1956 

Henry D., 1956 

John E., I9S7 

Joseph R., Rev., 2178 
Noyes Ancestry, 2048, 
2050, 2052 

Albert, 2049 

Crosby S., 2050 

Edward A., 2053 

Elizabeth S., 2051 

Frank B., 2052 

Frank C, 2049 

Jacob, 2052 

John, 2049 

John, 2050 

John v.. 2054 

Joseph, 2052 

Joseph C, 2052 

Nicholas, 2050 

Nicholas, Dea., 2048 

Peter, 2054 

Theodore W., 2051 

Thomas C, 2052 

Willard A., 2054 

William, Rev., 2048 
Nudd Ancestry, 1838 

Charles H., 1838 

Joseph W.. 1838 

Levi C, 1838 
Nutt Ancestry, 922 

Frederick E., 923 

James. 922 

Noel B., 922 
Nye Ancestry, 1706 

Benjamin, 1706 

Elisha, Capt., 1706 

Elizabeth A.. 1708 

George H., Gen., 1707 

O 

Oakes Ancestry, 1664, 
2201 

Abel, 166s 

Henry W., 220a 

*John, 2202 

Jonathan, Capt., 1664 

Nathaniel, 1664 

Silvester, 2202 

Thomas, 2201 

William, Col.. 1665 
Oliver Ancestry, 1358 

John, 1359 

Wilbur C, 1359 
Osgood Ancestry, 1710 

Charles H., 1711 

Henry A., 171 1 

John, 1710 

Safford. 171 1 



Otis Ancestry, 1043 

James, 1043 

Samuel, 1043 

William .\L, Capt., 1043 
Overend Ancestry, 1646 

Benjamin, 1647 

George W., 1647 

Jonas, 1646 



Packard Ancestry, 684, 
687, 2036 

Alphcus S., 2036 

Charles, 688 

Charles W., 688 

Eliphalet F., 686 

Frank H., 687 

Henry M., 686 

Robert L., 2036 

Samuel, 685 

Solomon, 687 
Page Ancestry, 1109, II 13 

Edward P., Hon., nil 

Francis, Dea., mo 

George N., 11 n 

Hannah R., iiii 

Horatio N., iiii 

John, II 13 

John, 1 1 14 

Lizzie M., 11 12 

Melvin, 11 14 

Prince C. Dr., 1114 

Robert, 1109 

Samuel. Lieut., mo 

Thomas. Col, 1113 
Paine Ancestry, 74, 1418 

Albert W., 77 

Charles A., 2238 

Frederick, 77 

Hezekiah, 1420 

Jedediah, 1420 

Jenny N.. 997, 2238 

Jonathan. 1420 

Lemuel, 77 

Thomas. 1418 ; 

Thomas, Sir, 74 

William, 75 
Palmer Ancestry, 962 

Dwight P., 962 

Joseph, 962 

Lemuel R., 962 
Parcher .Ancestry, 1845 

Elias, 1845 

George. 1843 

Summer C. 1845 
Parker Ancestry, 946, 
1179 

Edward F., 948 

Edwin C, 1 181 

Isaac, Lieut., 946 

James, Capt., 946 

Jonathan D., Judge, 
1 180 

Joseph, 1 1 79 

Nehemiah, 047 

Olivia J.. 1 181 

Peter. Capt.. 1180 

Thomas. Dea.. 947 
Parsons .Ancestry, 1833 

John. 1833 

Kendall, 1833 



xxu 



INDEX 



Parsons Family 
Levi, 1833 
Willis E., 1834 
Patten Ancestry, 214. 
1012 
Clara A. K., 1016 
Emma M., 1015 
Frederic H., lOiS 
Gilbert E. R., Capt., 

1015 
Hector, 1013 
James, 214 
James F., 1015 
John, Capt., 1013 
John O., 1016 
Johnson, 214 
Richard. 1012 
Robert, 214 , 

Patterson Ancestry, 903 
989 
Abraham, 14SO 
Frank N., 99° 
George W, 99° 
Nathaniel, Judge, 03 
Robert, 963 
Robert, 989 
Paul Ancestry, 648 
Daniel, 649 
Ether S., 651 
Howard, 650 
Josiah, 650 
Mark W., 650 
Samuel M., 652 
•Stephen, 650 
Walter E.. 652 
William, 651 
William A., 652 
Payne Ancestry, 2044 
Frederick G.. 204S 
George W., 2045 
John, 2044 
Peaks Ancestry, 74S. 747 
Alfred R.. 747 
Francis C, 748 
Henry W., 747 
Joseph B., 747 
Thomas J., 747 
William, 746 
W'illiam G., 746 
William M., 746 
Pearson Ancestry, 40°, 
2000 
Benjamin, 2001 
Benjamin, Capt., 2000 
John, 2000 
John, Dea., 468 
Nelson R., 47° 
Thomas. 469 
Woodbridge, 469 
Pease Ancestry, 1380, 
1824 
Albion P., Maj., 1825 
Harry H.. 1388 
John. 1824 
Nathaniel. 1825 
Robert. i.-?86 
Usher P.. 182s 
William. 1.387 
William H.. Rev., 1388 
Zebulon. Maj., 1824 
Peaslee Ancestry, TI18 
Clarence A., it 20 



Peaslee Family 
John T., 11^0 
Joseph, 1 1 19 
Peirce Ancestry. 2184 
Alexander C, 2185 
Benjamin, 2184 
David, 2185 
John, 2185 

William H., Hon., 2i»5 
Pendleton Ancestry, 
1957, 2-45 
Brian. 1957 
Caleb, 2245 
Fields C. 2245 
Fields S., 2246 
Frank I., Capt., i959 
Greene, Capt., I9S9 
Irving E., i960 
James, Capt., 1958 
James H., I9S9 
Joseph, Ens., 1958 
Mark, 2245 
Oliver, 962 
Peleg. Capt., 1959 
William, 962 
William, Col., 1959 
Penley .\ncestry, 1790 
Albert M., 1797 
John, Capt., 1797 
Joseph. 1797 
Pennell ,\ncc5try, 095 
Clement. 697 
Henry B., 697 
Jeremiah, 699 
John P.. 697 
Philip. 69s 
Richard C. 698 
Robert. 696 
♦Walter J., 699 
William D., 698 
William M., 696 
Penniol (Pennell) An- 
cestry,. 2009 
Albert, 2009 
Philip, 2009 
Percy .\ncestry. 55^ 
Francis, 554 
Galfred, 553 
Gilmore, 554 
Richard, 553 
Samuel R.. 554 
Perham Ancestry, 1319 
Joel. 1321 
John, 1320 

Sidney, 1321 ^ 

Perkins Ancestry, SOS' 
513. S16, S18, 739. 
1192, 1194. H96 
Abraham, 516 
Arthur W., Si5 
Charles H., 518 
Charles N.. Prof., 518 
Clement. 1I93 
David. Lieut.. 511 
David F., 512 
David P., 5" 
Ephraim, IJ9S 
•Frederick C, 515 
George C, II93 
George W., 1 196 
Gideon, Rev., 517 
Isaac (Isaachc), S09 



Perkins Family 
Isaac, 1196 
Jacob, 1194 
Jeremiah, 518 
John, 513 
John, 1192 
John C, 517 
John W., 517 
Joseph, Capt., 51S 
•Lewis W., 1196 
Nathaniel, Capt.. 5"° 
Robert. Capt., 514 
Robert, Dea., 515 
Thomas, 739 
Thomas, 740 
Thomas, Capt., 739 
Thomas S., 740 
William, Rev., 1190 
Perlcy Ancestry, lOO 
.Mian. 100 
Thomas, 100, 101 
Perry Ancestry, i960 
Ephraim, Capt., 1961 
John, i960 
John J., 1961 
Orin F., 1961 
Peterson .\ncestry, 2195 
Benjamin, 219S 
John, 2195 
Nehemiah, 2195 
Phair .\ncestry, 2019 
James, 2019 
James H.. 2020 
Thomas H., 2020 
Phelcn .A-nccstry, 2005 
Richard W., 2005 
William. 2005 
Philbrick Ancestry, 909. 
1428 
James, 909 
James. Capt.. 1+28 
Nathan, 1429 
Samuel, 910 
Samuel W., 9" 
Thomas, 1428 
William, Hon., 911 
Philbrook .\ncestry, 318 
Job. 320 
John. 320 
Luther G.. 321 
Thomas. 318 
•Warren C, 321 
Philbrook-Philbrick An- 
cestry, 1603 
Daniel. 1603 
Joscs. ifi03 
Thomas. 1603 
Phinncv .\ncestry. 858 
Edmund. Col., 1614 
Horace C. 860 
Isaac, 860 
John, 858 
John, 859 
John. 1614 
Joseph, 1615 
Thomas F.. 860 
Pierce Ancestry, 1932 
2215 
Bcla. 1936 
Charles H., 1936 
Charles S., 1937 
Daniel, 2215 



Pierce Family 
George H., 2216 
Nehemiah, 1935 
Samuel .\.. 2215 
Thomas, i933 
Timothy, 1933 
Pike Ancestry, 754 
Bion M., Hon., 75° 
Jabez M., 755 
Jacob C, Hon., 755 
John, 754 
Moses, 755 
Pineo Ancestry. 1640 
David. 1641 
Jacques. 1640 
Peter, 1641 
Pingree Ancestry, 1247 
Harold A-, 1249 
Hoyt, 1248 
Luther F., 1248 
Moses, 1247 
Malcolm C, 1249 
Pinkham .\ncestry, 833 
Daniel. 835 
Frank L., 836 
Richard, 834 
Stephen H.. 836 
Pirington Ancestry, 2017 
Prcscott, 2018 
Prescott M., 2018 
Pitman .\ncestry, 1357 
John, 1358 
Woodman C, 135° 
Pitts .Ancestry, 154 
Abiel, 155 
John A., 155 
Peter, iS4 
Plaisted Ancestry. 2270 
Frederick W., 2275 
Harris M., 2270 
Ralph P.. 2174 
Roper. Capt.. 2270 
Plimpton .Ancestry, 1908 
.Asa W., 1910 
Elias, 1910 
John. 1908 
Warren O., 19" 
Plummer .Ancestry, 693- 

Albert S.. 695 
Edward. 764 
Francis. 693 
Francis. 764 
Henrv. 764 
Walter E.. 764 
William H., 694 
Pooler Ancestry, 985 
George, 985 
Manlev T., 986 
Samuel W.. 98S 
Poore .Ancestry, 181 1 

Benjamin. 1812 

Benjamin, Capt.. 1812 

John. 181 1 

Samuel. 1812 
Pope Ancestry. 976 

Frederick. Col, 977 

James O.. 979 

John, 976 

John A.. 979 

Macy S., 979 

Warren F., 979 



INDIOX 



xxin 



Poort- Kiimily 

William, Hon., 977 
Porter Ancestry, 1175 

George M., 1177 

John. 117s 

Jonatliaii, Dr., 1 176 

Jo.>;cpli. 1176 

William, Dca., 1176 
Potter .-Xiicestry, 2208 

Anthony, 2208 

David, 2079 

Edwin A., 2209 

John, Lieut., 2209 

Sannicl. 2079 

William, 2209 
Powers Ancestry, 531 

Arba, 534 

Daniel, 532 

Frederick A., 535 

Llewellyn, 534 

Peter, Capt., 533 

Walter, 531 
Prentice or Prentiss An- 
cestry. 544 

Caleb. Dea., 546 

Caleb., Rev., 545 

Henry, 544 

Henry, Dea., 545 
Prentiss Ancestry, 373, 

■893 

Caleb, Rev., 1894 

Henry, 373 

Henry, 1893 

Henry, Dea., 1893 

Henry E., Hon., 373 

Henry E., Hon., 1894 

Henry M., 374 

John W.. :89s 

Marian H., 374 

Samuel R., 1895 
Prescott .\ncestry, 1016 

Amos, 1018 

Charles H., 1019 

James, 1016 

James, 1017 

James, Sergt., 1017 

James L., 1018 

Jeremiah, Col., I0l8 
Pressey Ancestry, 426 

Henry A., 427 

Jacob, 427 

John, 426 

Thomas, 427 

Thomas, 841 

Warren E., 427 
Price Ancestry, 2043 

Charles T., 2043 

Charles W., 2043 

Wallace N., Dr., 2044 
Prince Ancestry, 1766 

David, 1768 

Howard L., 1769 

John, 1767 

Morris W.. Rev., 760 

Paul, 1768 

Paul C, 1769 
Proctor Ancestry, 2109 

Jeremiah G., 2110 

Joseph, 21 10 

Robert, 2109 

Robert L., 21 10 



Pullen Ancestry, 423 
Stanley 1'., 424 
Thomas S., 423 
Pulsifcr Ancestry, 1066, 

1069 
Ann C. (Moor), 1068 
Augustus M., 1068 
Benjamin, 1069 
Fobcs F., 1069 
James B., 1069 
John, 1066 

Moses R., M. D., 1067 
Nathan G. H., M. D., 

1067 
Ralph H., M. D., 1068 
William M., M. D., 

1068 
Purinton Ancestry, 1762, 

1764 
Amos, 1765 
Amos E., 1765 
Charles E., 1766 
Frank B.. 1766 
George, 1762 
Herbert H., M. D., 

1764 
Hezekiah, Dea., 1764 
Humphrey, Rev., 1765 
John, 1-63 
Jonathan, 1766 
Robert, 1764 
Stephen, 1762 
Stephen L., 1763 
Putnam Ancestry, 51, 54, 

57. 1251 
Benjamin, Capt., 55 
Benjamin. Capt., 1252 
Charles A. V., 56 
Daniel. Dea., 58 
Daniel, Rev., 57 
George H., 60 
George P., 58 
George W. S., 53 
Harrington. 56 
Henry, 58 
Herbert, 60 
Israel, Capt., 57 
Israel, Dr., 57 
Jacob, 1253 
Jeremiah, Capt., 53 
Jeremiah S.. S3 
John, 52 
John, 1251 
John, Capt., 52 
Jonathan. Capt., 53 
Nathaniel, 54 
Nathaniel, 1251 
Nathaniel, Dca., 56 
Nathaniel, Dea., 1253 
Rodger, 51 
Samuel, 56 
Stephen, 1253 
Tarrant, 57 
Tarrant, Capt., 53 
Tarrant, Dea., 57 
William LeB., 57 
William S., 54 

Q 

•Quimby .Ancestry, 626 
Herbert C, 627 



Quiniby hamily 

Robert, 626 

William, 627 
Quinby Ancestry, 1099 

•Henry B., 1 100 

Henry C, lioi 

John, Capt., 1 100 

•Moses, 1 100 

Robert, 1099 

Thomas, iioo 

R 

Rand .Xncestry, 780 

George H., 781 

William, 781 
Randall Ancestry, 740, 
742, 1 112 

ClitTord S., 743 

Elvira S., 743 

Ernest A., 743 

Isaac, 742 

Isaac, 1 1 12 

Isaac n.. Dr., ma 

James D., 1 113 

Jesse A., Dr., 743 

John 1 1 12 

John F., 742 

John H., 743 

Noah Jr., 741 

Richard, 740 
Rankin Ancestry, 1 161 

James, 389 

Moses, 1 162 

Robert, 1162 

Thomas T., 1162 
Rawson Ancestry, 304 

Ebenezer, 305 

Ebenezer, 1897 

Edward, 304 

Edward, 1895 

James F., 305 

Samuel, Capt., 305 

Samuel, Capt., 1897 
Raymond Ancestry, 829 

King S., 830 

Marlon M., 829 

Samuel, 829 
Record Ancestry, 1988, 
2028 

Alvin, 2029 

Calvin, 1988 

George L., 1988 

Judson A., 2029 

Thomas, 1988 

Thomas, 2029 
Redlon Ancestry, 1178 

Amos, 1 179 

Ebenezer, 1179 t 

Magnus, 1178 
Reed Ancestry. 37 

Joseph, 37 

Thomas B., 37 
Remick Ancestry, 1233 

Christian. 1232 

Daniel, 1233 

William A., 1233 
Reynolds Ancestry, 1208, 
2007 

Bela R , Capt., 680 

Charles, 2007 

George F, 1210 



Reynolds Family 

Ichabod, Capt., 1210 

Jonathan, 680 

Jonathan, 2007 

Leavitt, 2007 

Nathaniel, 2007 

Robert, 1209 

Roscoe C, 1210 

Thomas, 2007 
Rice Ancestry, 2034,222a 

Albert S., 2224 

Christopher, 2034 

Edmond, Dca., 2222 

Edward C, 2034 

James, 2034 

Robert D., 2034 

Merwyn Ap, 2224 

Nathan D., 2223 

Richard D., 2223 
Rich .Ancestry, 559, 1846, 
2264 

Artemas, 559 

Joel, 2264 

John J., 1846 

Joseph, 2264 

Lemuel, 1846 

Marshall N., 559 

Maurice C, 561 

William J., 1846 
Richards Ancestry, 563, 

589. 1337 

Charles, 591 

Charles D., 564 

Dodipher, 563 

Edward, 590 

Enoch C., 564 

Ensign William, 591 

Francis, 1337 

Fred E., 592 

Henry, 1338 

James, 1337 

Jeremiah, Capt., 591 

John, 563 

Thomas, 564 
Richardson Ancestry, 
609, 1651, 2054, 2086 

Abel E., 2086 

Adam, Dr., 2055 

Asa A., 2086 

Charles, Capt., 611 

Charles H., 621 

Daniel T., Hon., 1654 

Edward, 2086 

Ezekiel, 6og 

George H., 611 

James, Capt., 610 

Jeremiah, 2086 

John D., 2055 

John E., 2055 

John S., 165s 

Joseph, 2054 

Joseph, Dea., 1653 

Samuel, 1651 

Stephen, 2054 

Thaddeus, 621 

Theodore M., 621 

Thomas, 610 
Ridlev .Ancestry, 876 

Charles A., 879 

Daniel, Dea., 878 

Jason M., 879 

Magnus, 877 



XXIV 

Riker Ancestry, 840 
Edgar J., 840 
Thomas J., 840 
Warren E., 840 
Riley Ancestry, 2175 
Edwin, 2175 
Fred E., 2176 
James, 2175 
Rmg Ancestry, 561 
Andrew, 562 
Andrew, 563 
Eleazer, 563 
Mary. 561 
Roberts Ancestry, 1633, 
1635. 1640 
Cassius C, 1639 
Giles, 1640 
♦Hamlin M., 1639 
Jacob. Dr.. 1638 
James A., 1635 
James H., 1635 
Jeremiah, 1634 
Jeremiah. 1635 
Joseph. 1634 
Joseph, 1635 
Joseph, 1636 
Thomas, 1633 
Tobias. 1640 
William M., 1640 
Robie .Ancestry, 28 
Edward. 30 
Frederick. Gov., 31 
Henrv. 28 
Ichabod. Col., 29 
John, 28 

Toppan. Capt., 30 
William P. F., 32 
Robinson .\ncestry, 827 
Edward W.. 828 
Samuel F.. 828 
Thomas, 827 
Rodick Ancestry, 926 
Daniel, 926 
John A., 926 
John B., 926 
Rogers Ancestry, 26, 1781 
Allen, 1783 
Allen, 1784 
Franklin G., 1784 
James, 27 
Jesse. 388 
John. 26 

Joseph, Lieut., 1781 
Thomas, 27 
Thomas, 1781 
William S. B.. 389 
William W., 1783 
Rollins or Rawlins An 
cestry. 61 
Arabella C, 63 
Daniel G., Hon., 62 
Franklin J., 63 
Ichabod. Hon., 62 
James, 6i 
Jordan J.. 63 
Rollins Ancestry, 64 
Frank W., 64 
Henry, 64 
Nathaniel. 64 
Thomas, 64 



INDEX 



Rounds Ancestry, 1665, 
i()68 
Arthur C, 1667 
Charles C, 1666 
David, 1668 
Edgar E., 1669 
John, 1668 
Mark, 1665 
Nathan. 1666 
Ralph S., 1668 
Roussin Ancestry, 852 
Jean, 852 
William, 853 
William C, 853 
Rowe Ancestry. 983 
Charles O., 984 
John, 984 
Nicholas, 983 
Sylvanus C, 984 
Sylvanus C, 985 
William H., 985 
Rundlett Ancestry. 2282 
Runnells .Ancestry, 1342 
James. i343 
Samuel. Sergt, 1342 
William F., 1343 
William T. C, 1343 
Rust .\ncestry, 1299, 1891 
Henry, 1299 
Henry. 1300 
Jacob P.. 1301 
Joseph, Capt., 1892 
Nathaniel. 1891 
William, Hon., 1892 



Safford Ancestry, 1286 
Edward D., 1288 
Moses. 1287 
Moses A., 1288 
Thomas, 1287 
Sale Ancestry, 652 
Edward, 652 
John, 653 
John, Col., 652 
John, Dea., 652 
Thomas D., 653 
Sampson Ancestry, 1643 

Caleb, 1642 

David, 1642 

Henry, 1642 
Sanborn Ancestry, 21 12, 
211S 

Bigelow T., Dr., 2114 

Cyrus, 1843 

John. 21 16 

John, Capt., 21 14 

John, Dea., 21 16 

John, Ens., 21 15 

John. Lieut., 1843, 21 13 

Richard. 2115 

Warren. Capt., 2114 

William. 1843 
Sargent Ancestry, 1339 

John, 1340 

Walter T., 1341 

William. 1339 

William K., 1341 
Saunders, Ernest, 1848 

Jonathan. 1848 
Samuel W., 1848 



Savage Ancestry, 1670 
Asahel, 1672 
Ephraini, Capt., 1671 
Stillm.an S., 1672 
Thomas, 1670 

Sawtcll Ancestry, 2246 
Nathan H., 2247 
Nathaniel, Sergt., 2246 
Nchemiah, Lieut., 2347 
Richard, 2246 
•William H., 2247 

Sawyer Ancestry, 232, 
1440, 1442, 1444. 1448, 

1451 
Aaron, 1451 
Alfred D., I4S3 
Alfred S., Dr., 1448 
Andrew C, 1449 
Benjamin, 1443 
Clarence E., 1442 
Dana, 1705 
Elijah F., 1443 
Georgia (Gcorgiana), 

1705 

Harry B., i444 

Horace B., 1441 

Ira C, M. D., 170S 

Jabcz, 233 

James, 232 

John. 1444 

John. 1445 

Jonathan, 1448 

Joseph R., 1449 

Lemuel. 1447 
Mark, Capt., 144I 
Nathaniel, 1452 
Paul, 1453 
Reuben A., 1453 
Stephen, Capt., 1451 
Whitman, Capt., 1446 
William, 1440 
William. 1442 
William, 1704 
William E.. 1452 
William M., 1452 
William N., 1453 „ 
Schoppee, Frank H., 

1703 
William H., 1793 
Scott Ancestry, 2180 
Clarence. 2181 
David, 2181 
William H.. 2181 
Searle .\ncestry, 655 
Charles J.. 655 
Frank W.. 655 
Joseph, 655 
Sedgclcy Ancestry, 123S 
Daniel. 1236 
George B., 1236 
John, 1235 . 

Seiders Ancestry, 1084 
Conrad. 1085 
George M.. 1085 
Henry, 1085 
Senter, Andrew. 1267 
Emma D.. 1268 
Joseph H., 1267 
Timothy, 1267 
William. 1267 
William,^ 1268 



Sewall Ancestry, 518 
Arthur, 522 
Arthur E., 525 
Harold M.. 524 
Henry, 520 
Joseph, 525 
Noah M., 525 
William, 519 
William D., 522 
William D., 525 
Shackford Ancestry, 837 
i^uward W., 839 
John, 837 
William, 837 
William, Capt., 839 
Shapleigh Ancestry, 794 
Alexander, 794 
Dennis F., 794 
Dennis M.. 795 
Edward E., Dr., 795 
John. Capt., 794 
John. Col., 794 
Shaw Ancestry, 447, 1693 
Albert. Dr., 448 
Daniel, 1694 
Joseph, 447 
Joseph. 448 
Milton G., 1695 
Roger, 1693 
Sargent, 448 
Shepherd, Edith S.. 1555 
•Russell B.. Gen., 1554 
Shepley Ancestry, 1917 
Ether. Hon., 1917 
George F., Gen., 1920 
Helen M.. 1923 
John, 1917 
John, Capt., 1917 
Sherburne .\ncestry, 2191 
Benjamin, 2192 
Fred S.. 2193 
Henry, 2192 
John, Col.. 2192 
Nathaniel S., 2192 
Samuel. Capt., 2192 
Samuel D., 2192 
Sherman Ancestry, 915 
Albion A., 916 
William, 915 
William H., 916 
Simpson .Ancestry, 1004 
Henry. 1004 
Jeremiah P.. 1006 
Joseph W.. Hon.. 1006 
William. 1006 
Skelton Ancestry. 2002 
Thomas. 2003 
Thomas W., 2003 
William B., 2003 
Skinner .■\ncestry, 630 
Austin R.. 630 
John. 630 
Justin. 630 
William A., 6.^1 
Skolfield .Ancestry. 1992 
Ezra R.. Dr.. 1993 
George. Master, 1992 
Robert. 1993 
Thomas. 19Q2 
Small .\ncestry. 80, 86, 
1655. 1658 
Abner, 83 



INDEX 



XXV 



Small Family 

Abner R., Maj., 84 

Edward, 80 

Edward, 1655 

Francis, 81 

Francis, 8C 

Frtd E., 1488 

John, 86 

John, 1O59 

John C, 1658 

Marion P., 1488 

Mcdora F. (Clark), 84 

Nathaniel, 86 

Nathaniel C, 87 

Kicliard, Col., 1657 

Richard D., 1658 

Samuel, Dea., 82 

Samuel, Dea., 1656 

Samuel F'., 1659 

Taylor, 86 

William. 83 

William W., 1659 
Smart Ancestry, 1517 

Edwin P., 1518 

Levi, 151- 

Orren P., 1517 
Smiley Ancestry, 2241 

Edward li., 2241 

Francis, 2241 

Reuel W., 2241 
Smith Ancestry, 337, 340, 
341.344. 345.347.348, 
349.350, 351,353,355. 
1409 

Abraham, 347 

Annie E., 238 

Barnabas C, 342 

Benjamin F., 339 

Charles, Maj., 1409 

Charles' R., M. D., 353 

Charles W., 353 

Clyde H., 349 

Daniel, 355 

Edgar C, 355 

Frederick B., 351 

George H., 354 

George O., 343 

George R., 351 

Grant, 349 

Harold J. E., 339 

Harry F., 238 

Henian, 345 

Heman, Capt.. 345 

Heman P., 345 

Henry H., 345 

Isaac, 347 

Isaac, 348 

Jacob. 353 

James, 353 

John, 341. 347, 352 

John, Capt., 353 

Jolin O., 344 

John P., 354 

Joseph, 348 

Joseph O., 342 

Joseph O., M. D., 342 

Manasseh, 338, 340 

Manasseh H., 340 

Nathaniel, 351, 1410 

Nicholas. 350 

Osgood. 348 

Payson, 354 



Smith Family 

Perky G., 350 

Richard, 1409 

Robert, 337 

Samuel, 349 

Samuel A., 355 

Samuel E., 338 

Sewell W., 348 

Sheridan 1., 349 

Stephen, 341, 344 

Stevens, 351 

Thomas H., Col., 352 

Willard, 348 

William, 352 

William O., 344 
Snell, Abigail, 1484 

Martin, 1484 
Snow Ancestry, 275, 1623, 
1625, 1626, 1628 

.■Mfred D., 1627 

Alpheus, 275 

Ambrose, Capt., 1626, 
1627 

Anthony, 1624 

David, 1628 

David W., 276 

Edward, 1625 

Elisha, Rev., 1626 

Enoch, 1628 

Epliraim, 1624 

George W., 1625 

Herbert A., 1624 

Isaac, Dea., 1626 

Jabez, 1625 

John, 1624 

John A., 1628 

John S., 1628 

Jude, 275 

Lucien, 276 

Mary S., 1626 

Nicholas, 1623 

Richard, 275 

Robert, Qipt.. 1627 
Somerby, Benjamin C, 

1843 
Somes Ancestry, 924 

Abraham, 924 

Jacob, Hon., 924 

John, 924 

Morris. 924 
Sortwell Ancestry, 421 

Alvin F., 423 

Daniel R., 422 

John, 422 

Richard, 421 
Soiile Ancestry, 543 

David F.. 544, 569 

George, 543, 568 

Gilbert, 544 
Southard Ancestry, 2193 

John, 2193 

John. Capt., 2194 

Louis C. 2194 

William L., 2194 
Spaulding Ancestry, 576 

Atwood W^. 577 

Edward, 576 

Sidney, 577 

William C., 577 
Spear Ancestry, 390, 537 

Daniel H., 539 

Ellis, 391 



Spear Family 

George, 537. 538 

George J., 538 

James M., 391 

Jolin, 390 

John, Capt., 390 
Spellman Ancestry, 1649 

Daniel, 1650 

James F., 1650 
Spinney Ancestry, 1511 

Elvington P., 151 1 

Palmer O., 151 1 

/ina II., 1511 
SpfitTord Ancestry, 916 

Frederick, 917 

John, 917 

Parker, Hon., 917 
Spooncr Ancestry, 1333 

Daniel, 1334, 1335 

Stevens, 1335 

William, 1333 
Sprague Ancestry, 981 

Arthur C, 983 

Carleton, 156 

Edgar G., 983 

Edward, 981 

Greene, 982 

Henry M., 983 

Silas, 982 

William, 982 
Spring Ancestry, 689 

Alpheus, 689 

John, 689 
Standish Ancestry, 1211 

Andrew C, 1212 

Myles, Capt., 121 1 
Stanhope Ancestry, 1171 

Henry B., 1172 

Jonathan, Ens., 1171 

Warren. 1171 

William, 1172 
Stanley Ancestry, 1163 

John, Rev., 1163 

Ornian L., 1 164 

Preston J., 1164 

William, 1 163 
Stanwood Ancestry, 1682, 
1943 

Isaac, Capt., 1943 

Jacob, 1944 

James, 1683 

Philip, 1682, 1943 

William, 1683 
Staples Ancestrv, 863 

Charles A.. 864 

Frank L., 864 

Frank T., 867 

Hezekiah, 865 

James, 865 

Peter, 863 
Starkey Ancestry, 535 

Henry, 536 

John, 535 

William H., 536 
St. Clair Ancestry, 1770 

Ashley. 1774 

Guildford D., 1774 

James, 1774 

John, 1772 

Ropenwald, 1770 
Steadman Ancestry, 1685 

Amasa, 1685 



Steadman Family 

Ephraim M., 1685 

James M., 1686 

John, 1685 
Stetson Ancestry, 196, 
199, 201, 203, 274 

Abner, 202 

Anthony, 203, 274 

Benjamin, 199 

Edward S., 201 

Edwin F., Dr., 202 

Elisha, 203, 274 

John N. S., 201 

Joseph H., 200 

Nathaniel, 200 

Reuben, 197 

Robert, ig6, 197, 274 

Samuel, 201 

Stephen, 274 

Turner, 197 

W'illiam B., Capt., 200 

William W., 197 
Stevens Ancestry, 1204, 
1205 

Ansel, 1205 

Daniel A., 1205 

Elizabeth, 1204 

John, 1204 

John C, 1206 

Joseph, Capt., 1204 

Leander, 1205 

Moses, 1205 
Stevenson Ancestry. lOio 

James, lOio 

James B., ion 
Steward-Stewart Ances- 
try, 93 

David, 93 

Duncan, 93 

Levi M., 94 
Stewart Ancestrv, 593, 
614 

Ale.xander, 614 

Allan. 593 

Charles M., 616 

Duncan. 595 

Edward L., 617 

Harry D.. 617 

John C, 595 

Rowland W.. 617 

Thomas J., Capt., 615 
Stickney Ancestry, 356 

Samuel, 357 

William. 356, 357 
Stimmel. Jacob, 2228 

John B., 2228 
Stockbridge Ancestry, 
885 

Benjamin. Dr., 885 

George H., 887 

John, 885 

John C, 886 
Stocking Ancestry, 585 

George, 585 

George, Capt., 585 

Reuben, 585 

Samuel, 586 

Samuel, Dea., 585 
Stockwell Ancestry, 2226 

Calvin, 2227 

John W.. 2227, 2228 

Quintin, 2226 



XXVI 



INDEX 



Stcickwcll Family 
William, 2226 
Storer Ancestry, 174I 
Augustine, 1741 
Frederick. 1743 
George L., 1743 
Horace P., i743 
John, Col., 1742 
Joseph, 1741 
Stowe Ancestry, 636 
John, 638 
Thomas, 639 
Stowell Ancestry, 1993 
Benjamin, 1994 
John, 1994 
Samuel, 1993 
Strout Ancestry. 2081, 
2083 
Charles A., 2084 
Christopher, 2082 
Edward C, 2083 
Enoch, 2083 
Joshua, 2082 
Joshua F., 2083 
Sewall C, Judge, 2083 
Stubbs Ancestry. 1414 
Philip H., Hon., 141S 
Philip M., 1415 
Richard. 1414 ' 
William, 1415 
Sturdivant Ancestry, 
2167 
Gardiner L., 2167 
Gardiner M., 2167 
Jonathan. 2167 
William R., 2167 
Sturges Ancestry, 1660 
Alonzo W., 1661 
Edward. 1660 
Leigh F., 1662 
Ralph A., 1661 
Samuel. 1661 
Sturgis Ancestry. 1456 
Benjamin F.. Dr.. 1458 
James G.. 1458 
John. Dea.. 1458 
Jonathan. 1457 
Roger. 1456 
Sturtevant Ancestry, 

1837 

Charles A., Dr., 1837 

Joseph E., 1837 

Lot, 1837 

Reward, 1837 

Samuel. 1837 
Sumner Ancestry, n8l 

Alexander B., 1182 

Joseph. 1 182 

Roger, 1181 
Swan Ancestry, 1268 

Charles E., 1270 

Edward, 1268 

Eugene. 1270 

Francis. 1269 

Francis K.. 1270 

Henry. 1268 

James C. 1269 

William H.. 1270 
Sweet Ancestry, 801, 1648 

Arnold. 802 

Charles. 1648 

Charles F., 1648 



Sweet Family 

Ebenezcr. 801 

John, 801 
Swett Ancestry, 1148 

.•\twcll W.. Dr., 1149 

Benjamin. 1 148 

John. 1148 

William A.. !I49 
Swift .'\ncestry, 384 

Job. 385 

Joshua. 385. 386 

William. 384 
Sylvester (Silvester) An- 
cestry. 303 

Richard. 303 

•Samuel. 303 

William. 303 
Symonds Ancestry. 612 

John. 612 

Joseph. 613 

Joseph W.. Hon.. 613 

William L.. 613 



Tabor Ancestry. 802 

Calvin. 803 

James A.. Dr., 803 

Philip, 802 
Talbot .Ancestry, 1353 

Peter, 1353 

Peter, 1354 
Tarbox Ancestry, 549 

Andrew. 550 

Aramede S.. Mrs.. 550 

John, 549 

Henry C. 55° 
Taylor Ancestry. 1504, 

2145 

Alexander. 1504 

Duncan, 1504 

Isaac. 2145 

John. 2145 

Joseph, 2145 

William N., 1505 
Teague Ancestry. 1560 

Bani, 1560 

Daniel. 1560 

Grecnleaf. 1560 

Howard A., 1560 
Templeton Ancestry, 1304 

Adam. 1304 

Albert L.. 1304 

Andrew J., 1304 

John. 1304 
Thatcher Ancestry, 1491 

George A., 1493 

Henry K.. 1493 

Peter. Rev., 1491 

Samuel. 1492 

Samuel. Hon.. 1492 
Thaxter Ancestry. 1977 

John. Capt.. 1978 

Joseph. Capt.. 1978 

Joshua. 1979 

Samuel. Col.. 1978 

Sidney, 1979 

Sidney W., Maj., 1979 

Thomas, 1977 
Thayer Ancestry, 541 

America, S42 

Augustus S., Dr., 543 



Thayer Family 
Charles H., 547 
Frederick C, Dr., 547 
Stephen. Dr.. 546 
Thomas, 541 
Thomas, Capt., 546 
Thomas Ancestry. 386 
Charles D., 387 
John, 387 
Stephen A., 387 
William, 386 
Thompson Ancestry, 713, 
719. 721, 723. 750, 
1678 
Alonzo, 753 
Amos, 751 
Andrew, 713 
Benjamin. 722 
Daniel, 288 

Elbridge A., Dr., 721 
Frank N., 724 
George E., 713 
George E., 725 
Horace, 723 
Lsaac, 1679 
Isaac S.. Dr.. 288 
James, 719 
James, 720 
John. 1678 
John L.. 723 
Joseph, 72s 
Robert. 721 
Samuel. 287 
Samuel. 723 
Samuel, 725 
William, 713 
William, 750 
Uzza. 1679 
Thornton. Thomas G., 

Dr.. 1721 
Thurlough. Harry H., 

976 
Thurlow .Xricestry, 97S • 
George N., 976 
John. 975 
Tibbctts Ancestry, 95S. 
1616 • 
Benjamin R.. 957 
Henry. 955 
Henry. 1616 
Ichabod. Capt.. 956 
James. 1616 
Jeremiah. 1616 
Nnth-'niel. 1616 
Raymond R.. 957 
Samuel. Capt., 956 
Woodbury, 957 
Tillson Ancestry, 1159 
Edmund. 11 59 
George W'.. 1160 
Perez. 1160 
Perez T., 1 159 
Tilton Ancestry. 1925 
Charles A.. 1925 
Gibbs. 1925 
Stephen. 1925 
Titcomb Ancestry, 1619. 
1621 
Frank E . 1623 
Hiram. 1622 
James. 1620 
Joseph, 1622 



Joseph, Hon., 1620 
Stephen, 1621 
Stephen, Capt., 1620 
William, 1619 
William. 1621 
Tobey .'\ncestry. 690 
Horatio N., 691 
Matthias, Capt.. 691 
Thomas, 690 
William B., 692 
Tobie Ancestry 734 
.-\nnie L.. 738 
Charles F.. 737 
Charles .M., 737 
Edward P., 736 
Elbridge T., 737 
James. 734 
LeRoy F.. 737 
LeRoy H., 736 
Walter E., 736 
Todd Ancestry. 1647 

Percy R.. 1647 
Tolman Ancestry. 816 
Benjamin. 817 
J.-imes II.. 818 
Philander, 817 
Tompson .Ancestry, 1315 
Edward. Rev.. 1318 
Frederick A.. 1319 
John, Rev., 1318 
John A., 1319 
Samuel, Deacon, 1317 
William, Capt.. 1319 
William. Rev., 1315 
William. Rev.. 1318 
Towle Ancestry. 2041, 
2210 
Caleb. 2210 
George B.. 221 1 
Joseph. Sergt., 2041 
Josiah. 2042 
Josiah C. 2042 
Josiah. Major, 2041 
J. Norman. 2042 
Nathaniel. 221 1 
Nathaniel 'M., 221 1 
Philip. 2041 
Traverse .\ncestry, 1878 
Asa. 1879 
Hcnric. 1878 . 
Oliver. 1879 
Samuel, 1880 
Trefethen Ancestry, 1923, 

1953 

Charles N., 1924 

George. 1923 

George. 1953 

John W.. 1923 

Melville W.. 1925 

Newell F.. 1953 

Newell F., 1924 ' 

Walter S., 1953 
Trull Ancestry, 853 

David, 854 

Joel F.. M. D., 854 

John. 853 

Samuel, Capt., 853 
Trumbull (T rumble) 
Ancestry, 1877 

John. 1877 

Judah. 1877 



IXDliX 



XXVll 



Tuck Ancestry, 843 

Elizabeth J., 844 

John, Deacon, 843 

Madison, 844 

Robert, 843 

William J., 844 
Tucker Ancestry, 235 

Gideon, 236 

Gideon M., 237 

James F., 238 

John, 235 

John L., 238 

Martha 11., 237 

William M., 237 
Tuppcr Ancestry, 1529 

Cyrus R., 1530 

Peleg, 1530 

Simon, 1530 

Thomas. 1529 
Tutllc Ancestry, 1509 

Elisha, 1510 

George, 1510 

John, 1509 

Thomas. 1510 
Twambley Ancestry, 1691 

George E., 1692 

Ralph, 1691 

Rufus K., 1691 
Twombley Ancestry, 
1692, 1693 

Edwin D.. 1692 

Eliza C, 1693 

Ephraim. 1693 

Joseph B.. 1692 

Leonard W., 1693 

Stephen, 1692 
Twitchell Ancestry, 1275 

Alphin, 1276 

Ezra. Deacon, 1276 

Herbert F., 1276 

Joseph. 1275 

Joseph, Capt., 1275 

U 

Ulmer Ancestry, 2255 
Frederick T., 2255 
James A., Maj., 2255 
John, 2255 
John. Capt., 2255 
Mary F., 2256 
Ralph R., 2256 

V 

Vance, Lawrence M., 616 

Varney Ancestry, 1429, 

1431, 1432, 1433 

Abijah, 1431 

Almon L.. Col , 1431 

Ebenezer, 1433 

Enoch, 1430 

Fred L., Dr.. 1432 

George. Gen.. 1434 

Humphrey, 1429 

Isaac, 1433 

Jedediah. 1432 

Joel, 1 43 1 

Joseph, 1430 

Joseph, 1432 

Julia A., 1431 

Timothy. 1429 



Varney I^'aniily 

Timothy. 1433 

William, 1429 
Vauglm ,\ncestry, 1289 

George, 1289 

Joseph, Capt., 1289 

William, Rev., 1290 

Zephaniah, Hon., 1290 
Veazie Ancestry, 2165 

John W., 2166 

Samuel, 2166 

Wilder P. W., 2167 

William, 2165 
Verrill .^ncestrv, 1698 

♦Albert E., 1700 

Charles, 1699 

Samuel, 1698 

Samuel, 1699 
Viles Ancestry, 430 

Blaine S., 431 

Edward P., 43' 

Joseph, 4,30 

Rufus, Capt., 431 
Vinnl Ancestry, 788, 993 

John, 993 

Levi. 788 

Paul J., 789 

Renough J., 789 

Stephen, 788 

William, 993 
Vose Ancestry, 727, 825 

Charles W., 826 

Ebenezer. 1997 

Edwin H.. Dr., 730 

George C, 729 

Harry E., 827 

Henry. Lieut., 728 

Jesse, 1997 

John E.. 826 

Peter E., 73° 

Peter T.. 729 

Robert, 727 

Robert, 825 

Robert. Lieut., 728 

Thomas, Col.. 729 

Thomas E.. 731 

Thomas. Hon., 728 

Thomas. Sergt.. 826 

W 

Wade Ancestry, 1420 

Abner T.. Capt., 1421 

Nicholas. 1420 

Turner, 1420 
Wadsworth .Ancestry, 
995. 1 104 

Charles O., 1107 

Christopher. 996 

Christopher, 1105 

John, Deacon. 996 

Moses, 1 106 

Moses S., 1 106 

Peleg, Deacon, 996 

Peleg, Gen., Q96 

Samuel B., 997 
Waite Ancestry, 1512 

Daniel, 1513 

David S.. ni4 

Otis F. R.. Maj., 1513 

Richard. 1512 



Wakefield Ancestry, 1277 

Archibald, 1278 

James, 1278 

John, 1277 

Scth D.. 1278 
Walker Ancestry, 1494, 
1496 

Augustus H., 1496 

Charles F., 1499 

George S., 1496 

Isaac, 1496 

James, 1496 

James, 1497 

James, Capt., 1498 

Joshua. 1498 

Lenuiel. Capt., 1498 

Richard, Capt., 149S 
Wallace Ancestry, 998 

Alonzo S., M. D., 999 

David, 999 

James, 999 
Ward .Ancestry. 1800 

John. 1800 

John E., 1800 

S. Curtis C, 1800 
Warren Ancestry, 633, 
641. 1820, 1821 

Isaac, 634 

Israel P., Rev.. 635 

James. 1820, 1821 

John, 641 

John C. 1821 

John, Capt., 641 

John E., 642 

John W.. 1821 

Joseph A., 642, 643 

Joseph, Capt., 641 

Lewis P., 1821 

Luman. 1822 

Michael. 1822 

Richard, 634 
Samuel, 1822 

Samuel. Capt., 641 

Stanley P., 640 
Wasgatt Ancestry. 1493 

As.a. Rev.. 1494 
Charles W.. 1494 

Davis. 1403 

Rowland J., 1494 
Watcrhouse Ancestry, 

lOII 

Richard. lOii 

William C. 1012 

William H., 1012 
Waterville Public Li- 
brary. 2234 
Watts .Ancestry, 1793 

Samuel, 1793 

Samuel, Capt., 1793 
Watson .Ancestry, 761, 
784 

Frederick C. 786 

Henry, 762 

John. 762 

John, 784 

Murray B.. 786 

Murray H., 786 

WilliMm. 762 

William B.. 786 

William W.. 786 



Webb Ancestry, iiS3. 
"55 

Eli, 1154 

Evelyn T., 1155 

Jahaziah S., 115S 

Lindley M., Hon., 1155 

Mason G., 1154 

Michael, 1155 

Nathan. Judge, 1155 

Richard. 1154 

Samuel, 1 153 
Webber Ancestry, 1618, 
2179 

Benjamin, 1619 

EdscU, 2179 

Edsell B., 2179 

John R., 2180 

Joshua, 1619 

Quincy R., 579 

Thomas, 1619 
Webster Ancestry, 892, 
895, 1812 

Arthur G., Dr., 896 

Benjamin F.. 896 

Charles E., Dr., 1813 

Fred P., Dr., 896 

Hanson H., 1813 

Harriet P., 894 

Henry S., 894 

James, 1812 

John, 892 

John M., 893 

John O., 894 

Joseph, 1813 

Merit V., 896 

Reuben, 209 

Samuel S., 1813 

Stephen. 209 

Thomas. 895 

William. Capt., 1812 
Wedgwood Ancestry, 
1562 

Curtis. 1562 

John, 1562 

Milton C, 1562 
Weeks Ancestry, 361, 365, 

367 

Benjamin, 367 

Eliphalet, 365 

George H., 364 

Howe, 367 

James B , 363 

James W.. Hon., 364 

John, 366 

John. Capt., 362 

John, Dr., 362 

Joshua, Capt., 362 

Leonard, 361 

Samuel. Capt., 365 

Samuel. Rev., 365 

Stephen H., Dr., 366 

William, 367 

William H.. 368 
Welch .Ancestry, 2015 

Albert M.. 2016 

Colby, 2016 

Colby S., 2016 
Wellington .Ancestry. 619 

George. 619 

Joel, 619 

Roger, 619 



xxvm 



INDEX 



Wellman Ancestry, 844 

Abraham, 845 

Jacob, Capt., 845 

John P., 845 

Lonzo L., 846 
Wentworth Ancestry, 

813. 1839 
Benjamin, 1839 
Bradford H., 816 
Daniel W., M. D., 816 
Isaiah F, Dr., 1840 
Nicholas, 1839 
Reginald, 813 
Paul, 1840 

William, 814 , 

Wescott Ancestry, 903. 

2199 
Archibald, 2199 
Clement \V., 965 
George P., 2200 
Horace W., 965 
Joseph, Capt.. 2200 
Richard, 963 
William, 964. 2199 
West Ancestry, 662 
George F., 663 
George W., Gen., 662 
Henrv N., Dr., 662 
Wilkes, 662 
Weston Ancestry, 1140 
Benjamin. Dea., 1 143 
Benjamin P. J., ii44 
John, 1140 
Levi W., 1 142 
Nathan A., 11+4 
Wheeler Ancestry, 1410, 
1412 
Ernest .\.. 1413 
Galen, 1413 
George, 1412 
John, 1410 
Joseph B., 141 • 
Leslie H., 1412 
Peter, 1413 
Samuel. Dea., 1410 
Wheelwright Ancestry, 
2162 
George. 2163, 2164 
John. Rev., 2162 
Joseph S., 2164 
White .Ancestry, 779. 
1524, 152s. 2134. 2206 
Alonzo. 2207 
Ambrose, 2135 
Ambrose H., 2135 
Ansel L.. Maj., 152S 
Benjamin. 2134 
Charles. 1525 
Frank L.. 1525 
Joel. 2206 
John, 780 
Peter. 1525 
Robert, 1524 
William. 779 
William. 2206 
William, Col., 1524 
William, Dea.. 780. 
1524 
Whitehouse .\ncestry^ 
625. 1249 
Benjamin, 1250 



Whitehouse Family 
Francis C, 1250 
Robert T.. 625 
Thomas, 625, 1249 
William P., 625 
Whitman Ancestry, 1383 
Christopher, 1039 
Isaac P.. 1385 
John, Dea., 1383, 1384 
Obadiah, 1385 
Thomas A., 1039 
Whitmore Ancestry, 1370 
Albion S., 1379 
Francis, 1377 
Samuel, 1379 
Whitney .Ancestry, 808, 
1989, 2087, 2158 
Benjamin. 1989 
Charles A.. 1989 
Christopher A., 1989 
Ephraim, Capt.. 809 
Gustavus F.. 809 
Jacob, 1989 
Joel, 809 
John, 808, 1989 
Jonathan, 2158 
Jonathan, Dea., 2158 
Phineas, Capt., 2159 
Richard. 2158 
Stephen. 2088 
Thomas. 2087 
Whittemore .\ncestry, 
908 
Alpheus. 909 
Daniel. O08 
Edwin C. Rev., 909 
Herbert C, 909 
Isaac, 909 
John. Sir. 008 
Thomas. 908 
Whittier .Ancestry. 692. 
1663 
Artemas N.. 1664 
Charles T.. 693 
Joseph. 1663 
Thomas. 692. 1663 
Wieein Ancestry, 432 
Charles M.. 4.33 
Chester McL.. Dr., 433 
Samuel S.. 433 
Thomas, Capt.. 432 
Wipht Ancestry, 34, 1254 
Henry. 34 
John G., 1255 
Jonathan. 3S 
Joseph. 3S 
Percy L., 1256 
Thomas. 1254 
Timothy. 1255 
Wiehlman .Ancestry. 1039 
Flisha. 1039 
George. 1039 
Wildes .Ancestry, 213 
Asa W.. Col., 214 
Asa W . Hon.. 213 
John, 213 
John. Cant.. 213 
Williams .Ancestry, 127, 
2029. 2031 
Barnard. 127 
Charles E.. 128 



Williams Family 
George, 127 
Howell, 2030 
John S.. 2031 
Mavnard S., 2033 
Nathaniel, 2031 
Norman S., 2031 
Oliver, 2031 
Richard, 2030 
Simeon, 2032 
Thomas, 127 
Timothy. 2032 
Williamson Ancestry, 
1184 
Stephen E., 1185 
Timothy, 1185 
Walter D., M. D., 1186 
Willis Ancestry, 1 172 
John, Dea., 1172. "73 
John L. M., 1174 
Lemuel, Rev., II73 
Lemuel M.. Dr.. 1173 
Wills .Ancestry. 1798 
Fred I., 1799 
Ruel, 1798 
Thomas, 1798 
Wilson Ancestry, 043. 
994. 1564. 1568, 1570, 
1571, 1926, 2253 
Alfred. 2254 
Bion, 1573 
Charles S., 1567 
David, 1571 
Edmund, 1927 " 
Edmund, Hon., 1571 
Everard -A., Dr., 1928 
Frank, 654 
Frank P., 157° 
Franklin A., 1560 
Frederick, 654 
George .A., 2254 
Gowen. 643, 645 
Hayward W.. 1567 
Isaac. 1570 
James, 994 
JefTerson F., 1569 
Jesse E., 1570 
John, 1566 
John, 1567 
John. 1569 
John. 1571 
John, Hon., 1569 
John S. P. H.. 1571 
Jonathan. 995 
Joseph, Sergt., 643 
Nathaniel. Maj.. 645 
Nathaniel B.. 646 
Otis D.. 1028 
Robert. Maj., 1568 
Roger. 1565 
Samuel H., 157° 
Scott. 646 
Thaddeus. 2254 
Timothv. M. D., 654 
William. 1568 
William, 1926 
William, 2253 
Winchester .Ancestry 
Benjamin P.. Rev. 
John, 92 
John H, 92 



Winchester Family 

Josiah, 92 
Wingate .Ancestry, 1087 

Edwin R., 1088 

John, 1087 

John, 1208 

Snell, 1208 

William, 1088 

William W., 1088 
Winn Ancestry, I3I3. 

1315 
Edward, 1313 
George H., I3'5 
Japheth, 1315 
Japheth M., 1315 
John, 1314. '315 
Nathaniel, 1315 
Winslow .Ancestry, n35. 
1 138, 1139 
Alfred, 1138 
Chester E. A., 1138 
Dennis, ii39 
Edward, 1135 
Eli, 1 140 
John B., 1 140 
Kenelm, 1 136 
Perlie E., ii39 
Samuel, Ii39 
Samuel A.. 1140 
Thomas, 1 139 
Winter Ancestry, 1990 
George H., 1996 
John, 1996 
Wise Ancestry, 1983 
Daniel, Capt., 1984 
Jeremiah. Rev.. 1984 
John, Capt., 1984 
John. Rev., 1983 
Joseph, 1983 
Wiswell .Ancestry. 2tI0 
Carl G.. 211 1 
Edward S., 2111 
Elbert E., 21 1 1 
Thomas. 21 11 
Witham .Ancestry, 2008 
Alphonso N., 2008 
Asaph, 2008 
Ernest C. 2009 
Joshua, 2008 
Josiah, 2008 
Withce. Charles W. G., 

2199 Q 

Wood Ancestry, 1398. 
1607 

Elijah. 1400 

Henrv, 1399 

John N., 1609 

Nathan. 1609 

Samuel. 1400 

William, 1608 
Woodbury Ancestry, 9". 

Andrew. Capt., 90 

Ernest R.. Prof., 1245 

Roliston, 1245 

William. q6. 97 

William. Capt.. 1244 
92 Woodcock Ancestry. 1335 
02 Aaron H., 1336 

John L., 1337 

John Sr, I33S 



INDEX 



XXIX 



Woodcock Family 

John T., 1336 

Lindsay T., 1336 
Woodman Ancestry, 109, 
113. "4 

Benjamin, no 

Benjamin J., 115 

Charles B., 115 

Daniel N., 114 

Edward, log. 113 

George M., 116 

John, 1 13 

John F.. Rev., 113 

Joseph, Capt., in 



Woodman Family 

Joshua, 114, ns 

William, n2 
Woodside Ancestry, 935 

James, Rev., 935 

William, 935 

William, 936 
Woolson, Abba L., 408 

Moses, 408 
Wyman Ancestry, 1761, 
2013 

Francis, 1761, 2013 

Jasper, 1761 

John, 1761 



Wyman Family 
John, 1761 
Joseph, 2014 
Robert, 2014 
Sumner J., 2014 



York Ancestry, 2249 
Advardinis, 2033 
Henry, 2250 
Henry F., 225a 
John E., 2033 
Richard. 2033, 2250 
Walter H., 2251 



Youland Ancestry, 85s 

John, 855 

Thomas S., 855 

William E., 8ss 
Young Ancestry, 1669, 
2197 

Albion G., M. D., 2199 

Charles W., 1669 

George W., 1670 

Jabez, 2199 

John, 1669 

Nathaniel, 2197 

Nathaniel, 2198 



V 




t/hzM'^^^^ S/^ 



<5~>-^'^ '^^^ 



STATE OF MAINE. 



The earliest family of Clif- 
CLIFFORD fords in New England, that 

of George Clifford, though 
for a time resident of Massachusetts, may be 
called a New Hampshire family, as George 
and all his children settled and lived in New 
Hampshire, and from him, as the only seven- 
teenth century innnigrant who is known to 
have left posterity, all the New England Clif- 
fords of the earliest times are said to be de- 
scended. The only other immigrant of this 
name before 1700 was John of Lynn, who is 
not said to have left children. 

(I) George Clifford, the immigrant, de- 
scended directly from the ancient and noble 
family of Clifford in England, came from the 
village and parish of Arnold, Nottingham 
county, England, to Boston, in 1644, prob- 
ably bringing his wife, whose name seems to 
have been Elizabeth, and a son John. He was 
a member of the Ancient and Honorable Ar- 
tillery Company. After residing for a time 
in lloston he removed to Hampton, New 
Hampshire. 

(II) John, son of George and Elizabeth 
Clifton!, was born in England in 1614, and 
baptized, says Savage, May 10, 1646. He died 
October 17, 1694, "aged eighty years," accord- 
ing to the town records. His first wife was 
Sarah; he married (second), September 28, 
1658. Mrs. Elizabeth Richardson, who died 
December 1, 1667: and (third), February 6, 
1672. Mrs. Bridget Huggins, widow of John 
Huggins. His children were: John, Israel, 
Hannah, Elizabeth (died young), Mehelabel, 
Elizabeth, Esther, Isaac and Mary. 

(III) Israel, second son of John Clift'ord, 
was born in Hampton, April 15, 1647, ^"d 
took the oath of allegiance in 1678. He mar- 
ried, March 15, 1680. Ann Smith, probably 
the same Ann who was alleged to be a victim 
of Goody Cole's witchcraft. Their children 
were: Ann, Mehetabel, Samuel, Sarah, John, 
Isaac and Richard. 

(IV) Isaac, si.xth child of Israel and Ann 
(Smith) Clift'ord, was born in Hampton, May 
24, 1696. and settled in Kingston, originally a 
part of Hampton. In 1745 he bought land of 
Samuel Healy, the same being one-fourth of 



No. no, U. 11. He linally moved to Runi- 
ney, where the latter part of his life was spent, 
and there he was a citizen of considerable 
prominence and was for many years collector 
and treasurer of the town. He married Sarah 
Healey, born in Cluster, 1726, daughter of 
William and Mar\- (.Sanborn) Healey, of 
Chester. The\ had ten children, eight of 
whom were: -Sarah, Elizabeth, Bridget, Isaac, 
Nathaniel, John, Samuel and Joanna. 

(V) Nathaniel, fifth child of Isaac and 
Sarah (Healey) Clifford, was born in Rum- 
ney, in April, 1750, and died January 23, 1824. 
Ele was much like his father — active, public 
spirited and respected, and was for years 
town treasurer and collector. He married 
Ruth Garland, of Candia, born in September, 
1757. Their only child was Nathaniel, whose 
sketch follows. 

(\T) Deacon Nathaniel (2), only son of 
Nathaniel (i) and Ruth (Garland) Clifford, 
was born in Runme_\-, September 2t„ 1778, and 
died 1820. Deacon Clift'ord was of a serious 
turn of mind, a tritle stern and Puritanical, 
perhaps, but highly respected for intelligence 
and uprightness of character. He married 
Lydia Simpson, born October 7, 1773, daugh- 
ter of David Simpson, of Greenland. She was 
a woman of great personal beauty and unusual 
energy, vigor and perspicacity. Her mental 
characteristics were transmitted to some of iier 
descendants. She lived to see her son Nathan 
one of the supreme court judges of the United 
States. She died June 30, 1869, in the ninety- 
sixth year of her age. The children of this 
union were: Mary Williams, Betsy Ham, 
Nathan, Nancy Hutchins, Ruth Garland, 
Katherine Simpson, and Lydia Simpson. 

(\'II) Hon. Nathan, only son of Deacon 
Nathaniel (2) and Lydia (Simpson) Clifford, 
was born in Rumney, Grafton county. New 
Hampshire, August 18, 1803, and died in 
Cornish, Maine, July 25, 1881. His father 
was able to provide a comfortable home for 
his family, but their circumstances, like those 
of their neighbors on the frontier of New 
Hampshire, in those days, were far different 
from those which obtain there now, and Na- 
than Clifford had to put forth all his energies 



STATE OF MAINE. 



to ac<|uire the education he got. He attended 
school in his native town until he was four- 
teen years of age, and then by great effort 
overcame objections to his going away to ob- 
tain a more extended education and entered 
Haverhill Academy, where he remained three 
years. He was an industrious and earnest 
student, and made good progress in his stud- 
ies, but was compelled to spend a portion of 
each year in teaching school to obtain money 
to pay his expenses. Besides teaching school 
he gave instruction in vocal music, for which 
he hnd rare taste and talent. He left the 
Haverhill school in 1820, and then took a 
year's course in the New Hampton Literary 
Institution, which he left at eighteen years of 
age. He then entered the law office of Hon. 
Josiah Quincy, then the leader of the Grafton 
county bar. At that time admission to the 
bar of New Hampshire required of those not 
college graduates a period of five years" study 
to prepare for practice. While in the acad- 
emy Mr. Clifford had pursued a broad course 
of general reading, and this he kept up, after- 
wards giving much attention to the study of 
the classics as taught in the regular courses of 
the New England colleges. Having to make 
his own way he continued to teach while a 
student at law, and up till near the time of his 
admission to the bar in May, 1827. Leaving 
New Hampshire he crossed over into the bor- 
der town of Newfield, in York county, Maine. 
and there opened an office. His thorougn 
preparation for his work, remarkably retentive 
memory and good habits formed a foundation 
upon which the young man soon reared the 
superstructure of success. He gained the con- 
fidence and got the business of the people. He 
entered the political arena early, and became a 
•warm supporter of the principles of Democ- 
racy, though there were in Newfield scarce 
twenty men of that faith. He had inspired so 
much confidence in his fellow citizens that in 
1830, only three years after settling in New- 
field, he was elected by a large majority to 
represent the town in the state legislature. To 
this office he was three times successively re- 
elected. At the beginning of his third term he 
was elected speaker of the house, and at the 
next session was again elected. Lie soon be- 
came one of the ablest leaders among the 
Maine Democrats, and at the same time that 
he was gaining a leadership in politics he car- 
ried on a successful practice of law. In 1834 
be was appointed attorney general of the 
state. This office he filled with ability until 
1838, when he was nominated for congress 
from the first district. In the exciting politi- 



cal conflict which followed he was elected. 
Before his term was out he was renominated, 
and again elected, — his term of service cover- 
ing the period between December 2, 1839, and 
March 3, 1843. \\ hen he left congress his 
reputation as an able and zealous leader and 
an accomplished parliamentarian was firmly 
establis^ieil. During the presidential canvass 
of 184D he supported Martin \'an Buren, and 
met in political debate many distinguished 
Whig orators, and gained for himself the 
reputation of being one of the most eloquent 
champions of his party. Though originally 
favoring the reelection of \'an Buren to the 
chief magistracy of the nation, he supported 
the nomination of Polk with earnest and ei- 
fective ardor, and in 1S46 was offered the 
appointment of attorney-general in President 
Polk's cabinet, to accept which he gave up a 
very extensive legal practice at home. He 
found the duties of the office congenial to his 
tastes, and his administration was such as to 
prove him a worthy successor of the best of 
those who had preceded him. While he was 
a member of the cabinet the war with Mex- 
ico was in progress, and at its close i\Ir. Clif- 
ford became a member of the United States 
commission with the power of envoy ex- 
traordinary and minister plenipotentiary, to 
arrange terms of peace, and through his ef- 
forts the treaty was arranged with Mexico, by 
which California became United States terri- 
tory. In September, 1849, with the outgoing 
of the administration, he returned to Maine 
and settled permanently in Portland, where he 
carried on his law practice until 1858. Jan- 
uary 12 of that year he was appointed asso- 
ciate justice of the supreme court of the 
United States, and served as a member of that 
august body for more than twenty-three years. 
Judge Clifford was now fifty-five years old, 
and in the full vigor of his physical and in- 
tellectual faculties. He found himself a=50- 
clated with a bench, the majority of v.-hich 
were old men rendered slow by age and that 
habitual caution which attends the con- 
scientious exercise of judicial functions. The 
business of the court was far in arrears, and 
to the work of relieving this condition he ap- 
plied himself with characteristic energy, and 
by continuous labor saw the docket much re- 
duced. His opinions as a federal justice form 
a respectable part in number and importance 
of the forty volumes of reports issued up to 
the time of his death. Chief Justice Salmon 
P. Chase died May 7, 1873, and Judge Clifford 
succeeded to the place thus made vacant. The 
presidential election of 1876 was not settled 



STATE OF MA INK. 



by pui>ular ballut, and by a hpccial act <>i con- 
gress the matter was referred to an electoral 
commission of fifteen men, over whose delib- 
erations Judge Clifford, as senior associate 
justice, presided in the early part of the fol- 
lowing year. The highest office within the 
gift of the American people was in the bal- 
ance, men's minds were heated, and the dis- 
cussions were frequently acrimonious, but dur- 
ing all this, although a firm believer in Mr. 
Tihlen's election, he conducted the proceedings 
with the dignity and impartiality of an ancient 
Roman, retaining perfect calmness, evincing 
wisdom and fairness in his decision, and, even 
winning the commendation of his opponents. 
He agreed with the minority and delivered an 
opinion on the question of tlie Florida returns, 
but deeming it of no avail, he rendered no 
<public judgment on the votes of the other con- 
tested states. For several years before his 
death. Judge Clifford was at liberty, if he 
chose, to retire from the bench and receive 
the pension provided by law, but relinquish- 
ment of duty was not in accordance with his 
disposition or the habits of his life, and he con- 
tinued with unabated clearness and force of 
mind to perform his judicial labors until over- 
taken by his last sickness. In October, 1880, 
he was seized by serious illness involving a 
complication of disorders, and was obliged to 
submit to amputation of the foot. From this 
he never fully recovered, and he died in Cor- 
nish, Maine, July 25, 1881. Mason's "Bench 
and Bar" thus closes its account of this illus- 
trious citizen : 

"Judge Clififord was a man of noble and 
commanding presence, and exhibited in his 
bearing and manner a graciousness and dig- 
nity combined that both won afifection and in- 
spired respect. Strength, culture and intellect 
were written on his face. He was a man of 
unyielding determination and immense ca- 
pacity for study and investigation, and faced 
every duty, however onerous, with cheerful- 
ness and confidence in himself. He possessed 
the genius of labor, industry, truthfulness, in- 
tegrity and entire fidelity on the performance 
of duty were among his leading characteris- 
tics. The urbanity and courtesy which marked 
his intercourse with men, secured the friend- 
ship of a wide circle of eminent persons with 
whom he came in contact during the many 
years of his public life. The judge was of a 
temperament to prize such associations and 
cherished the friendships which he had thus 
formed to the end of his life. The simplicity, 
elevation and solidity of his character im- 
pressed all with whom he came in contact, A 



memor\- of wonderful power easily retained 
the fruit of a long, arduous and studious life. 
Bowdoin, Dartmouth, Brown and Harvard all 
conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of 
Laws. In the proceedings of the supreme 
court of the United Stales as well as in the 
circuit courts of the county, held to honor his 
memory, bench and bar united in conceding to 
the venerable magistrate the character of a 
great, wise and just judge." 

Judge Clifford married, March 20, 1828, at 
Newficld, Maine, Hannah Ayer, born in \'ew- 
field, March 3, 181 1, died in Portland, Maine, 
August 2, 1892, aged eighty-one, daughter of 
James and Nancy (Robinson) Ayer, of Xew- 
field. Children: i. Charles Edward, bom 
November 3, 1828, died April, 1907; married 
Antoinette Elhs Ayer, of Newfield. 2. Nancy 
Ayer, born January 19, 1830, married E. L. 
Cummings, and died November 14, 1899. 3- 
Nathan J., born January 12, 1832, died 

; married Sarah Gilman. 4. Hannah 

Frances, born May 11, 1834; married Philip 
Henry Brown, of Portland, Maine, died De- 
cember 20, 1900. 5. William Henry, born Oc- 
tober 22, 1835, and died September 13, 1836. 6. 
William Henry, born August 11, 1838 (see 
forward). 7. Elisha, born June 26, 1839, ^'^d 
June 27, 1839. 8- Lydia J., born June 8, 1842, 
died March 28, 1843. 9. George Franklin, 
born November 8, 1844, died October 21, 
1903, married Martha O'Brien, of Cornish, 
Maine. 

(VHI) William Henry, third son of Judge 
Nathan and Hannah (Ayer) Clifford, was 
born in Newfield, Maine, August 11, 1838. 
After leaving the public schools he fitted for 
college at Portland Academy and at Profes- 
sor Woods's school at Yarmouth. After 
spending four years in Dartmouth College he 
graduated there in 1858. Soon afterward he 
began the study of law in the office of Shepley 
& Dane, of Portland, and completed the course 
in the ofiice of Benjamin R. Curtis, in Boston. 
He was admitted to practice in the courts of 
Massachusetts in 1863; in Maine and in the 
United States circuit court in 1864; and in the 
United States supreme court in 1867. After 
his admission to the bar he opened an office in 
Portland, where he practiced his profession 
up to the time of his death, September 18, 
1901. F-or about ten years he was a commis- 
sioner of the United States circuit court for 
the District of Maine, and afterwards ac- 
quired extensive practice in the federal courts 
and before the supreme coun at Washington. 
He was author of "Clifford's Reports," a com- 
pilation in four volumes of his father's deci- 



STATF. OF MAINE. 



sions ill tlie New England circuit. From 
young manliood he was interested in the poUti- 
cal contests in Maine, on the Democratic side, 
and from the time of the civil war was quite 
prominent as a leader in campaigns. Twice he 
was nominated as Democratic candidate for 
congress in the First Congressional District — 
once against John H. Burleigh, and the second 
time as the opponent of Thomas B. Reed, and 
won credit and respect by both his abilities and 
powers as a [wlitical speaker, and by the vigor 
and energy of his campaigns. He was a mem- 
ber of the Democratic national committee, and 
presided over a number of state conventions 
of the party. In 1896 he was candidate for 
governor of Maine on the ticket of the Gold 
Democrats. He was fond of literature ; was a 
member of the Maine Historical Society, and 
was. author of several pamphlets on literary, 
political and other subjects. His degree of 
Master of Arts was conferred by Bishops Col- 
lege, l.eno.\ville. Province of Quebec. He 
was a member of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, and for some time served as vestry- 
man in St. Luke's Cathedral. He was a mem- 
ber 61 the Cumberland Club of Portland, and 
the Union Club of Boston. He was afifiliated 
with various Masonic bodies, including the 
Commandery ; and w-ith the orders of Odd 
Fellows and Knights of Pythias. It has been 
written of him: "He was a man of scholarly 
tastes anil broad culture ; always a studL-nt, his 
reading was both extensive and exhaustive. 
He was an authority on many literary and his- 
torical subjects, and the addresses which he 
delivered from time to time on such subjects 
bore evidence of his natural ability and wide 
learning.'" 

Mr. Clifford married, August 8, 1866, Ellen 
(ireeley I'.rown. born in Portland, May 30, 
1841, died there May 9, 1904, daughter of 
John B. and .^nn M. (Greeley) Brown, of 
Portland. Children: i. Nathan ; see forward. 

2. Matilda Greeley, born July 20, 1869; mar- 
ried Jame>i W. Jamieson, November 15, 1904. 

3. William Henry, July 28, 1875; see forward. 

4. Philip tlreeley, born Sei)tcmber 11, 1882; 
see forward. Children of William H. Clifford, 
who (lied young, were John B. and Ellen 
Ayer. 

( IX) Hon. Nathan (2), eldest child of Hon. 
William H. and Ellen G. (Brown) ClifTonl. 
was born in Portland, June 17, 1867. He at- 
tended the public schools of Portland, Phillips 
Andovcr .\cademy. and the Portland iiigh 
school, graduating from the latter in 1886. In 
the fall of the same year he entered Harvard 
University, from which he graduated with 



high iionors in June, 1890. Immediately after 
graduation he entered upon the study of law 
in the office of his father in Portland and was 
admittc<l to the bar three years later, in -May, 
1893, and became a member of the lirm of 
Clifford, X'errill & Clifford, the present lirm. 
The marks of heredity are discernible in Mr. 
Clifford, and he displays much of. the ability 
that distinguished his progenitors. As a law- 
yer he ranks high, and in the Democratic 
party, of which he is an honored member, he 
is regarded as a wise counselor and successful 
leader. His interest in politics began at an 
early age, and his activity in party matters be- 
gan immediately after his graduation from 
college. He has filled various offices in the 
party and in the municipality. In 1895 he 
was made chairman of the Democratic cit^ 
committee. In 1905 he was elected mayor of 
Portland, and was re-elected the next year. 
His election to succeed himself in this office 
was the first instance in the liistory of the city 
where a Democrat was his own immediate suc- 
cessor. His administration of municipal busi- 
ness gave great satisfaction, but when he was 
made candidate for a third term, in 1907, he 
was defeated by Adam P. Leighton. Mr. Clif- 
ford is a member of tht Maine Historical So- 
ciety ; the Alaine Geological Society; vice- 
president of the Harvard Club in Maine, and 
the New England Federation of Harvard 
Clubs ; director of the Harvard Alumni .■\sso- 
ciation ; and member of the Cumberland Club, 
and various other bodies. Mr. Clifford mar- 
ried, in Boston, May 5, 1897, Caroline L. 
Devens, born in Charlestown, Alassachusetts, 
April 6, 1872, daughter of Captain Edward 
Fesser and Abbie Maria (Fairbanks) Devens; 
her father was an officer in the United States 
navy. Children of Air. and Mrs. Clifford: 
Katharine Louisa, born 1898; Nathan Jr., 
1900; William Henry, 1904. 

(IX) Captain W'illiam Henry, son of Hon. 
William H. and Ellen G. (Brown) Clifford, 
was born in Portland, July 28, 1875. He was 
educated in public schools of Portland, Chaun- 
cey Hall school, Boston, and Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology. He reatl law in the 
office of Clifford, Verrill & Clifford at Port- 
land. At the outbreak of the Spanish-.Vmeri- 
can war, he organized the naval reserve of 
Maine and was elected junior lieutenant; the 
reserves were ordered to the monitor "Mon- 
tauk" and stationed in Portland harbor during 
the summer of 1898. At the close of the war 
Mr. Clifford went to Annapolis, Maryland, 
and after studying for a few months passed 
the examination for first lieutenant of United 




k 



0L>fc6v_( 




STATE OF MAINE. 



States Marine Corps, and served for three 
years in the I'hiHppiiies. He commanded the 
guard at the St. Louis exposition and the lega- 
tion guard at Pekin, China, in the winter of 
1907. He has attained the rank of captain 
and is now serving in the Phihppines. 1 le is 
a prominent member of the Masonic fraternity, 
holding various important offices in that or- 
der. He married, October 12, 1907, Mabel 
Moore, daughter of George M. Moore, of Lon- 
ion. They have one son. 

(IX) Philip Greely, son of Hon. William 
H. and Ellen G. (Brown) Clifford, was born 
in Portland, September 11, 1882. He at- 
tended the public schools and prepared for col- 
lege by studying under private tutors ; in 1899 
he entered Bowdoin College, graduating 
therefrom in 1903. He then took up the study 
of law at Harvard College, and also read law 
in the office of his brother, Hon. Nathan Clif- 
ford. He was admitted to the bar in 1906, 
and at once established himself in practice. He 
is a member of the Cumberland Club, Portland 
Country Club, Portland Yacht Club, and the 
following college fraternities : Psi Upsilon, 
Phi Beta Kappa and the Crown and Coffin. 
Mr. Clifford married, October 11, 1905, 
Katharine Hale, daughter of Judge Clarence 
and Margaret (Rollins) Hale, the former 
named being judge of the United States Dis- 
trict Court (see Hale family). Mr. and r^Irs. 
Clifford have one child, Margaret Ellen Clif- 
ford. 



It is supposed that the name of 
HA;\ILIN Hamlin is originally of Ger- 
manic origin, perhaps derived 
from the town of Hamlin in Lower Saxony 
situated at the junction of the river of Hamel 
with the Weiser. The name Hamelin is still 
common in France, whence some have emi- 
grated to this country and to Quebec, where 
they have become numerous. In England this 
name was formerly spelled Hamblen. Hamelyn, 
Hamelin and Ilamlyn. As the name is found 
in the "Roll of Battle .Vbbey" it is undoubtedly 
of French origin, and was brought into Eng- 
land by a follower of the Norman conqueror. 
Burke's Encyclopedia of Heraldry describes 
several coats-of-arms belonging to the Hamb- 
lens and Hamlyns. Representatives of the 
distinguished American family of this name 
participated in the war for national independ- 
ence and the civil war. It has produced a 
goodly number of able men including clergy- 
men, lawyers, jihysicians and statesmen, and 
its most distinguished representative of mod- 



ern times was the Hon. Hanniijal i lamhn, 
vice-president of the United States during 
Abraham Lincoln's administration, for many 
years a member of the national senate from 
Maine and afterwards minister to Spain. A 
numerous progeny sprung from Captain Giles 
Hamlin, who immigrated to Middletown, Con- 
necticut, in 1650. It is supposed that James 
and Giles were brothers, but their relation- 
ship, like the connection between Sire de Balon 
and Ilamelinus, was never determined. At 
the time Giles came to this country, Lewis 
Hamelin of France settled in Canada and es- 
tablished the Flamlin family of that part of the 
continent. 

The English ancestor of the Hamlins of 
New England appears to be John Hamelyn, 
of Cornwall, living in 1570, and who married 
Amor, daughter of Robert Knowle, of Sarum. 
This couple had a son and heir who lived in 
Devonshire by the name of Giles. Giles 
Hamelin or Hamelyn married a daughter of 
Robert Ashley and had two sons : Thomas, 
Gentleman, London, 1623, and James. James 
is the ancestor of the larger part of the Ham- 
lin race in this Republic. He made a voyage 
to Cape Cod unaccompanied by his family, and 
there made a home for them at Barnstable. 
He then returned to England, and in 1639 
brought back his w^ife and several children. 

(I) James, son of (jiles and (.Vsh- 

ley) Hamelin, lived, and his children were 
baptized in the church in the parish of St. 
Lawrence, Reading, Berkshire, England, be- 
tween 1630 and 1636. These children were: 
I. James, baptized October 31, 1630, died be- 
fore April, 1636. 2. Sarah, baptized Septem- 
ber 6, 1632. 3. Mary, baptized July 27, 1634. 
4. James, baptized April 10, 1636. The first 
record of his children born in America is : 
Bartholomew, born in Barnstable, Plymouth 
Colony, April 11, 1642. A child, Hannah, was 
probably born in England between 1636 and 
1642, but no record of her birth appears either 
in luigland or New England. James Ham- 
lenc appears among the list of freemen in 
Barnstable in 1643 and James Hamhlen Jun- 
ior, and James Hamhlen Senior, on list of 
freemen May 29, 1670. He made his will 
January 23, 1683, and Governor Hinckley and 
Jonathan Russell witnessed the signing and 
sealing of the will. In this will he names his 
wife as Anne, but no other record of her name 
has been found. The children of James and 
.\nne Hamlin not certainly Iwrn in England 
are: 6. Hannah. 7. Bartholomew. 8. John, 
born June 26, 1644. 9. A child, stillborn and 



STATE OF MAINE. 



buried December 2. 1646. 10. Sarah, born 
November 7, 1O47. •'■ Eleazer, March 17. 
i64i>. 12. Israel. June 25, i()52. 

(II) James (2), second son and luv.rtii 
child of James { i ) and Anne Hamlin, was 
born in England and baptized April 10, 1636, 
at St. Lawrence Parish, Reading, Berkshire. 
He came to IMymoutii Colony, New England, 
with his mother and sisters prior to 1642, anti 
was married at iiarnstable in that colony to 
Mary, daugiiter of John and Mary Dunham, 
November 20, 1662. He was a farmer and 
lived on the Coggin's Pond lot owned by his 
father up to 1702, when he removed to Hamb- 
lin Plains in W'est Berkshire. In his will, 
made in 171 7, he claims to be a resident of 
Tisbury, but he is recorded as a representa- 
tive at a great and general court or assembly 
for her Majesties I'rovince of Massachusetts 
Bay in New England held in Boston, Wednes- 
day, May 13, 1705, as IMr. James Hamlin, 
Barnstable. His wife, Mary, dietl April 19, 
171 5, in the seventy-third year of her age, 
and James Hamlin died in Tisbury, May 3. 
1718. Their children were fourteen in num- 
ber, as follows, all born in Iiarnstable: i. 
Mary, July 24, 1664. 2. Elizabeth, February 
14, 1665-66. 3. Eleazer (q. v.), April 12, 
1668. 4. Experience, April 12, 1O68. 5. 
James, August 26, 1669. 6. Jonathan, March 
6, 1670-71. 7. A son, March 28, 1672, died 
April 7, 1672. 8. Ebenezer, July 29, 1674. g. 
Elisha, March 5. 1676-77, died December 20, 
1677. 10. Hope, March 13, 1679-80. 11. Job, 
January 15, 1681. 12. John, January 12, 1683. 

13. Heniamin, baptized March 16, 1684-85. 

14. Elkanah. baptized IMarch 16, 1685. 

(III) Eleazer, eldest son and third child of 
James and Mary (Dunham) Hamlin, was 
born in Barnstable. Plymouth Colony, April 
12, 1668. He married I.ydia, daughter of 
Paul and Deborah ( W'illard ) Sares or Sears, 
and they lived in Horwich or ^'armouth. His 
father in his will made in 1717 mentions "my 
four grandchildren, the children of my son 
Eleazer Hamlin, deceased." He died in Yar- 
mouth in 1698, and his widow married, Sep- 
tember 30, 1706, Thomas Snow, of Harwich. 
The children of Eleazer and Lydia (Scars) 
Hamlin were: 1. Benjamin (q. v.), born in 
1692. 2. .-\ son, 1694. 3. Mary, 1696. 4. 
Elisha, January 26, 1697-98. 

(I\') Benjamin, eldest child of Eleazer and 
Lydia (Sears) Hamlin, was born in 1692. He 
married, October 25. 1716, Anne, daughter of 
Samuel Mayo and great-granddaughter of 
Rev. John Mayo, who was in B.arnstable in 
1639. the marriage ceremony being performed 



by John Doane, Esq., of Eastham, and the 
marriage recorded in Orleans. The eight 
cliiUlren of Benjamin and Anne (Mayo) Ham- 
lin were: i. Cornelius, born 1719. 2. Joshua, 
about 1721. 3. Benjamin, baptized July 2, 

1727. 4. Lydia, about 1724. 5. Isaac, about 

1728. 6. Mary. 7. Eleazer (q. v.), about 
1732. 8. Elizabeth. Benjamin Hamlin was a 
mariner engaged in the whale fishing; was 
instantly killed while engaged in assisting in 
the capture of a whale early in July, 1737, and 
September 7, 1738, his widow married William 
Graham, of Boston. 

(V) Major Eleazer (2), youngest son and 
seventh child of Benjamin and Anne (Mayo) 
Hamlin, was born in Billinggate, Plymouth 
Colony, about July, 1732. He was married 
(first) in East Parish, Bridgewater, Massa- 
chusetts, June 30, 1750, by the Rev. John 
Augier, to Lydia Bonney, of Pembroke. She 
died August 12, 1769, and he married (sec- 
ond) Mrs. Sarah (Lobdell) Bryant, a widow 
with two children, George and William Bry- 
ant. Eleazer Hamlin was baptized in Second 
Church at Pembroke, February 6, 1762. His 
five eldest children had been baptized prior to 
tiiat date "on account of his wife." He was a 
grantee in fifteen deeds of land in Pembroke 
and Bridgewater, from 1759 to 1774, and about 
April, 1776, removed to Harvard, Middlesex: 
county, and on the Lexington alarm. April 19, 
1775, he w^as second lieutenant in Captain 
James Hatch's company and marched from 
West Parish, Pembroke, to Scituate and 
Marshfield. In list of officers in General 
Thomas' regiment, commissioned May 19, 

1775, he held the rank of captain, and 
January i, 1776, he was captain in the Twenty- 
third Continental Infantry. He was in the 
army at Peekskill, New York, December 27, 

1776. Tradition in the family gave it that be- 
cause of his large family at home he was re- 
tired with the rank of brevet major and that 
General Washington on bidding him farewell 
gave him $200 in Continental money. Four 
of his sons: Africa, Europe, America and 
Eleazer, and a son-in-law. Major Seth Phil- 
lips, served in the revolutionary army. After 
the war the general court of Massachusetts 
gave him a grant of land in .Maine in consid- 
eration of the services of his family in the 
revolution, and the trust is known as "Ham- 
lin's Grant" to this day.. The land proving un- 
productive, his sons were allowed to select 
farms and settlements in Oxford county, af- 
terwards called Waterford, Maine. He was 
a great reader and particularly fond of his- 
tory and biography and he lielped to found 




'Kuiinllnil -tluiiiliu, 



STATK Ol- MAINE. 



and was a stockliolder in tlie first public li- 
brary established at Westford, .Middlesex 
county, Massachusetts, in 1796. He was a 
member of the committee of correspondence 
and safety in 1779; was a licensed inn-holder 
17S0-85; was a delegate at Concord, Octo- 
ber, 1779; selectman. 1782; delegate to con- 
vention at Lunenburg, May 19, 1785. He 
died December I. 1867. aged seventy-five 
years and five months, and was buried in the 
east burying ground. Westford, where his sec- 
ond wife, Mrs. Sarah Hamlin, who died No- 
vember 15, 1788, in the forty-fifth year of her 
age, was buried. The eleven children of Ma- 
jor Eleazer and Lydia (Bonney) Hamlin, all 
born in Pembroke. Plymouth Colony, were : 
I. Asia, born March 9, 1753, baptized Octo- 
ber 16, 1757, died at the age of seventeen 
years. 2. Elizabeth, born October 27. 1754, 
baptized October 16, 1757. 3. Alice, born 
February 17, 1756, baptized October 16, 1757. 

4. Africa, born January 27, 1758, baptized 
February 26, 1758. 5. Europe, born Novem- 
ber 20, 1759, baptized April 20, 1760. 6. 
America, born October 20, 1761, baptized No- 
vember 22, 1 761. 7. Lydia, born November 

5. 1763, baptized November, 1763. 8. Eleazer, 
born September 23, 1765, baptized September 
29, 1765. 9. Mary, born .August 3, 1767, bap- 
tized September 13, 1767. 10. Cyrus (q. v.) 
and II. Ilannibal (twins), born July 21. 1769, 
baptized August 20, 1769. The six children 
of Major Eleazer Hamlin by his second wife, 
Sarah (Lobdell) (Bryant) Hamlin, were: 
12. Asia, born in Pembroke, May 11. 1774. 
died November 2, 1778. 13. Sally, born in 
Pembroke. October 29, 1775, baptized Jan- 
uary 26. 1776. 14. Isaac, born in Harvard, 
January 30. 1778. 15. Asia, born May 15, 
1780. 16. Green, born 1782. died July 2. 
1798. T7. George. (For Hannibal and de- 
scendants see forward.) 

(\T) Dr. Cyrus, sixth son and tenth child of 
Major Eleazer and Lydia (Bonney) Hamlin. 
wns born in Pembroke, Plymouth Colony, 
July 21, 1769. He removed with the family 
to Harvard, Middlesex county, Massachusetts. 
in 1776. where he taught school, pursued an 
academic course of study preparatory to study- 
ing medicine, and practiced medicine in con- 
nection with teaching school up to the time of 
I'is death. In 1795 he was invited by the 
early settlers of Livermore. Oxford county, 
Maine, through a committee made up of Syl- 
vnnus Boardman, Ransom Norton, William 
Hood and Isaac Livermore, to settle in that 
place, at the time destitute of a physician, and 
he removed there the same vear and at once 



secured a large practice and a most estimable 
wife. He married December 4, 1797, Anna, 
daughter and sixth child of Deacon Fdijah 
Livermore, granddaughter of Deacon Elijah 
Livermore, of Wallham, Massachusetts, and 
presumably a descendant from John Liver- 
more, the immigrant, who came from Ipswich, 
England, to New England in the ship "I-Van- 
cis," Captain John Cutting, master, in April, 
1634, with his wife, Grace, and settled in 
Watertown as early as 1642, and they had 
nine children. Dr. Cyrus Hamlin was town 
clerk and treasurer of Livermore township, 
moderator of the town meeting and repre- 
sentative from Livermore in the general court 
of Massachusetts, 1803. He ])urchased in 1804 
from General Leonard a farm known as Paris 
Hill, in the center of the townshi]), for which 
he paid four hundred dollars. He built there- 
on a large two-story house in 1807 and beau- 
tified the place by planting rows of elm trees 
along the street. When the county of Oxford 
was organized in 1804, he was appointed the 
first clerk of the court of common pleas and 
held the office for many years. The court was 
held in the Baptist church on Paris Hill and 
the judge, Hon. Simeon Frye, stopped at Dr. 
Hamlin's house. Dr. Hamlin was subsequently 
high sheriff of Oxford county. Dr. Hamlin is 
described as a man of dark, swarthy complex- 
ion, with blue eyes and weighed nearly three 
hundred pounds. He was a founder and orig- 
He died suddenly at his home in Paris Hill, 
February 2, 1829, and at the time six of their 
eight children were living, the youngest boy 
fifteen years old. His death left a great re- 
sponsibility on the widow, as well as on the 
two older sons, and she continued to live at 
Paris Hill with two maiden daughters up to 
the time of her death, which occurred August 
25, 1852. The first five of the eight children 
of Dr. Cyrus and Anna (Livermore) Ham- 
lin were born in Livermore and the others in 
Paris, Alaine. They were, in the order of 
their birth: i. Elijah Livermore, December 
30, 1798, died April 6, 1799. 2. Elijah Liver- 
more, March 29, 1800. 3. Cyrus, July 16, 
1802. 4. Eliza, April 4. 1804. 5. Anna, July 
14. 1805. 6. Vesta, June 6, 1808. 7. Hanni- 
bal (q. v.). 8. Hannah Livermore, October 
10, 1814. 

(\TI) Hannibal, son of Dr. Cyrus and Anna 
(Livermore) Hamlin, was born in Paris Hill, 
Maine, August 27. 1809. He attended Hebron 
Academy preparatory to entering college, but 
the death of his father in 1829 forced him to 
devote himself to the care of the farm and 
to teachincr school in the winter season in or- 



8 



STATE OF MAINE. 



dcr to furnish fur the maintenance of his 
mother and sisters. Wiiile engaged in farm- 
ing and teaching he found httle time to study 
law. He pubhshcd the Jc/'fcrsoiiiaii, a local 
Democratic paper, in partnership with Hora- 
tio King, but at the end of a year he sold 
his interest in the venture to his partner and 
took up the study of law in the office of 
General Samuel Fessendcn in Portland and 
he settled in the practice of law in Hampden, 
Penobscot county, in 1833. In 1835 he en- 
tered the arena of politics as the Democratic 
candidate for representative in the Maine legis- 
lature, and he was elected and continueil in 
office 1835-40, and for three terms, 1838-39-40, 
he was a speaker of the house, although but 
twenty-nine years of age when first elected 
.^peaker. In the fall of 1840 he was the un- 
.successful Democratic candidate for repre- 
sentative in the twenty-seventh United States 
congress, but he was the successful candidate 
in 1842 and 1844, serving in the twenty-eighth 
and twenty-ninth congresses, 1843-47. In con- 
gress he opposed the extension of slavery in 
his maiden speech, opposed the annexation of 
Texas, denounced the practice of duelling, and 
was the candidate of the anti-slavery Demo- 
crats for speaker. The Maine legislature in 
1846, after balloting six weeks, defeated him 
for United Slates senator by one vote, he being 
the candidate of the anti-slavery Democrats. 
In 1847 he was sent as a representative to the 
Maine legislature, and in May, 1848, when a 
vacancy occurred in the United States senate 
by the death of Senator John Fairfield, of 
Maine, as tilled temporarily by W. B. S. 
Moore, appointed by Governor Dana, Mr. 
Hamlin was elected by a majority of one vote 
to fill the vacancy, and in 1850 was re-elected 
after a contest in the legislative caucus for 
three months, for a full terms of six years. 
When Buchanan became the Democratic can- 
didate for president of the United States in 
1856, he left the parly, assisted in the forma- 
tion of the Republican party in Maine, ac- 
cepted the Republican nomination for govern- 
or of .Maine and was elected by 25.000 plu- 
rality. Thereupon lie resigned his seat in the 
United Stales senate, February 6, 1857, and 
was inaugurated as governor of Maine, but 
the same year was elected by the Republican 
legislature of Maine United States senator, 
and in l^'ebruary, 1857, resigned the governor- 
ship in oriler to take his seat in ihe United 
Stales senate, March 4, 1857. In i860 he was 
nominated ami elected vice-president of the 
United States on the ticket with Abraham 
Lincoln for president, and January i, 1861. he 



resigned his seat in the United States senate, 
and March 4, 1861, he took his seat as presi- 
dent of the United States senate and ably pre- 
sided over that body during the first four 
years of the eventful civil war. The wisdom 
of his party, in convention assembled in 1864, 
decided to give the vice-presidential nomina- 
tion to the south and President Lincoln on his 
second inauguration offered to Senator Ham- 
lin the portfolio of the United States treasury, 
which cabinet position he declined, and when 
Lincoln was assassinated, President Johnson 
made Senator Hamlin collector of the port of 
Boston, but he resigned the lucrative office in 
1866, as he was not in political accord with 
the president. The legislature of the state of 
Maine elected him to the United States senate 
in 1869 for the fourth time, and in 1875 for 
the fifth time. Having served in the United 
States senate for twenty-five years and as 
chairman of the committees on commerce, post- 
offices and post roads and of foreign affairs, 
he declined re-election to the senate in 1881, 
and President Garfield gave it to him to select 
his choice of three important missions, Ger- 
many, Italy and Spain, and Senator Hamlin 
went to Spain, but found it advisable to resign 
the mission in 1883. He was a founder of 
education, served as regent of the Smithsonian 
Institute, ex-officer 1861-65 and by appoint- 
ment 1870-82, and he was for a time dean of 
the board of regents. He was a trustee of 
Colby University, 1857-91, and that institu- 
tion conferred on him the honorary degree of 
LL. D. in 1859. 

He married (first) December 10, 1833, 
Sarah Jane, daughter of Hon. Stephen and 
Sally (Stowell) Emery, of Hallowell, Maine. 
She died in Hampden, Maine, .\pril 17, 1855, 
and on September 25, 1856, he married his 
deceased wife's half-sister, Ellen X'esta, daugh- 
ter of Hon. Stephen and Jcannette (Loring) 
Emory. He died at a public entertainment at 
the Tarratine Club rooms, Bangor, Maine, 
July 4, i8yi, the third citizen of the United 
Stales who had held the office of vice-president 
of the L'nited States to die on the nation's 
birlhday. The children of Hannibal and 
Sarah jaiie (Emery) Hamlin were: i. George 
Emery, born September 30, 1835, died July 14, 
1844. 2. Charles, September 13, 1837. 3. 
Cyrus, April 26, 1839. 4- Sarah Jane, Jan- 
uary 7, 1842. 5. (ieorge Emery, February 24, 
1848, died September 6, 1849. By his sec- 
ond wife, Ellen \e.sta (Emery) Hamlin, he 
had: 6. Hannibal Emery (q. v.), .\ugust 22, 
1858. 7. Frank, September 26. 1862, men- 
tioned below. 



STATE OF MAIM-: 



(VIII) Charles, second son of Hannibal and 
Sarah Jane (Emery) Hamlin, was born in 
Hampden, Maine, September 13, 1837, grad- 
nated at Bowdoin College, A. B., 1857, A. AI., 
i8()0. Major of Eighteenth Maine V'olnnteers, 
i8()J, brevet brigadier-general. United States 
X'olunteers, 1864, for his bravery on the bat- 
tlefield of Gettysburg. He was acting adju- 
tant general of the second division, third 
corps, Army of the Potomac, and saw service 
at Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863, Kelly's Ford, 
November 7, 1863, Locust CJrove, November 
29, 1863, Mine Run, May 8. 1864, and the 
battles of the Wilderness following. He re- 
signed his commission in the United States 
Volunteer Army, September 13, 1865, prac- 
ticed law in Bangor, Maine, was city solicitor, 
register in bankruptcy. United States commis- 
sioner and reporter of the decisions of the su- 
preme court of Maine. He was representative 
in the state legislature, 1883-85, and speaker 
of the house, 1885. He served as chairman of 
the executive committee of the ( lettysburg 
commission from Maine, commander of the 
Maine Commanding Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion of the United States, president 
of the Eastern Maine General Hospital and 
author of "Insolvent Laws of Maine"' and co- 
editor of "Maine at Gettysburg." He mar- 
ried, November 28, i860, Sarah Purington, 
daughter of Dixey W. and Sarah (Purington) 
Thompson, of Topsham, Maine. 

(VIII) Cyrus, third son of Hannibal antl 
Sarah Jane (Emery) Hamlin, was born in 
Hampden, Maine, April 26, 1839. Attended 
Hampden Academy and Colby University, but 
left college to study law ; practiced in York 
county courts, and in 1862 was made aide-de- 
camp on the staiif of General John C. Fre- 
mont, and for bravery at Cross Keyes, Vir- 
ginia, received the commendation of his com- 
mander. He was colonel of the Eighteenth 
United States Colored Volunteers and com- 
manded a brigade in the Department of the 
Gulf. He received promotion to brigadier- 
general of volunteers, December 3, 1864, com- 
mandeil the district of Port Hudson, 1864-65, 
and was brevetted major-general of volunteer, 
March 13, 1865. He helped to reconstruct 
the government of the state of Louisiana, and 
was a practicing attorney in New Orleans, 
Louisiana, where he died August 28, 1867. 
General Cyrus Hamlin married, ( )ctober 12, 
1862, Sarah, daughter of True and Sarah 
Sanborn, of Prospect, ]\Iaine. She died in 
Port Hudson, Louisiana, July 14, 1863, leaving 
no issue. 

(VIII) Hannibal Emery, son of Hannibal 



and Ellen V. (Emery) Hamlin, was born in 
Hampilen, Penobscot county, Maine, August 
22, 1858. He was a pupil in tiie public schools 
of Bangor, Maine, and was fitted for college 
at VVaterville Classical Institute, now the Co- 
burn Classical Institute, and he was graduated 
at Colby University, A. B., 1879, and at the 
Boston University, LL. B., 1882. He pursued 
a course in law in the Columbia University 
Law School, Washington, D. C, 1879-80. He 
was admitted to the bar of Waldo county, 
Maine, in 1883, and began the practice of law 
in Ellsworth, Maine, in January, 1883, as the 
junior member of the law firm of Hale, Emery 
and Hamlin. The elevation of Mr. Emery to a 
justiceship of the Maine supreme judicial 
court, in the fall of 1883, changed the name 
of the firm to Hale & Hamlin, and they added 
to their law office in Ellsworth one at Bar 
Harbor. The firm of which Hon. Eugene 
Hale, United States senator from Maine, is 
senior partner was augmented in 1900 by 
Henry M. Hall becoming junior partner. 
From inheritance and choice, Mr. Hamlin is 
a stalwart Republican. He served his native 
state as a representative in the state legislature, 
1893-95, ''"d '" 1895 represented the house as 
chairman of the judiciary committee. He was 
made a state senator in 1899 and was presi- 
dent of the Maine senate in 1901. He was 
judge advocate-general on the staiif of Govern- 
or Llewellyn Powers, 1899-1901, and on the 
staft' of Governor John Fremont Hill, 1901- 
04. He was one of the three Maine commis- 
sioners on uniformity of legislation, appointed 
in 1895, and the commission is still in force. 
In 1904 he was appointed one of the three 
Maine delegates to the Ufniversal Congress of 
Lawyers and Jurists at St. Louis, and in 1906 
was appointed one of the three Maine dele- 
gates to the Divorce Congress that met in 
Washington and Philadelphia. In January, 
1905, he was elected attorney-general for the 
state of Maine for the year 1905-06, an'' 
Jamiary, 1907, was re-elected for the years 
1907-08. Mr. Hamlin has not married. 

(VIII) Frank, son of Hannibal and Ellen 
V. (Emery) Flamlin, was born in Bangor, 
Maine, September 26, 1862. He attended the 
public schools of Bangor and was prepared 
for college at the Phillips Academy, Exeter, 
New Hampshire. He matriculated at Har- 
vard in 1880 and was graduated A. B., 1884. 
Was in the employ of the Chicago and North- 
western railroad at Chicago for one year. He 
then took up the study of law and enteretl the 
School of Law of Boston University, where 
he oraduated LL. B. 1888. He settled in Chi- 



10 



STATE OF MAINE. 



cago, Illinois, in the practice of law, having 
been admitted to the Illinois bar in 1888. He 
first was a clerk in the offices of Flower. Remy 
& Holstein, 1S88-90, and in iSgo formed a 
partnership with John F. Holland, as Hamlin 
& Holland. 1892 the firm, by the addition of a 
■partner, in the person of William C. Hoyden, 
became Hamlin, Holland & I'.oyden. In 1898 
a friendly reorganization of his firm was ef- 
fected and a partnership with Byron Boyden, 
who had been associated with him in the office 
of the corporation counsel of the city of Chi- 
cago, was then formed, imder the firm name of 
Hamlin & Boyden, which is still in existence, 
with law offices at 107 Dearborn street. While 
practicing in all the courts of Cook county, the 
state of Illinois, and the United States district, 
circuit and supreme courts, he became some- 
what of a specialist in the direction of munici- 
pal corporation law. He served as assistant 
corporation counsel for the city of Chicago, 
1895-97, 3S attorney for the Lincoln .I'ark com- 
mission 1901-07, and as attorney for the civil 
service commission of Chicago during a part of 
the year 1907. He is also attorney for the board 
of education of the city of Chicago. His club 
affiliation in Chicago includes the University, 
Chicago, Marquette, Harvard and other clubs. 
He served as president of the Harvard Club, 
1900-01. His religious affiliation is with the 
Unitarian denomination. He was still a bach- 
elor in 1908 and as he grew older he became 
more like his father in physical features, which 
fact was often spoken of by elderly men w'lio 
had been intimate with his father in Washing- 
ton during the civil war, when in the senate or 
presiding over that body. 

(VI) Major Hannibal, eleventh child of 
Major Eleazer and Lydia (Bonney) Hamlin 
(twin of Cyrus), was born July 21, 1769, in 
Pembroke, and was a boy of seven years when 
his parents moved to Harvard, where he be- 
came a teacher. He went to Waterford, 
Maine, about 1796, settled on lot 8, range 4, 
and was active in the incorporation of the 
town; was both moderator and selectman 
1804-6, representative 1809-10, and also served 
as high sheriff of Oxford county. His mili- 
tary title came from service in the militia. He 
was made a Mason November 12, 1804, in 
Oriental Lodge. No. 13, A. F. and A. M., 
Bridgton, and was active in promoting culture 
in the backwoods. The Bible was read dailv 
in his home, and the Sabbath strictly observed. 
Before his marriage he had built a house and 
barn, but he did not live many years to enjoy 
his home. He died September 8, 1811, and 



was laid away in the ancient burying ground at 
Waterford, where his family rests. He mar- 
ried, January 16, 1800, Susannah, daughter of 
Colonel Francis Faulkner, of .Acton, .Massa- 
chusetts, born February 21, 1772. She is 
spoken of as "a beautiful and charming 
woman." Children : Susan, Emerson Faulk- 
ner (died young), Rebecca Faulkner, Win- 
throp, Emerson Faulkner. Hannibal and Cy- 
rus. 

(\'in Hannibal, fourth son of Hannibal 
and Susannah (I-"aulkner) Hamlin, was born 
January 30, 1809, at Waterford and was less 
than three years old at the time of his father's 
death. He resided with his mother on the 
homestead and was early made acquainted with 
the labors necessary on a farm. As soon as 
he was old enough, he managed the farm. In 
1840 he removed to Union. Maine, where he 
was a merchant for two years. Thencefor- 
ward he resided in the vicinity of Boston until 
1861, when he went to Washington to take 
a position in the United States Treasury De- 
partment. He died at Washington, Novem- 
ber 13, 1862. He was a man of exemplary 
Christian character, with literary tastes and 
modest nature. Some of his literary produc- 
tions were published in Boston papers and at 
the dedication of the Congregational Church 
at Temple, Maine, in 1840, two hymns com- 
posed by him were sung. He was married, 
February 3, 1835, at Temple, to .Abigail, 
daughter of Benjamin and Phoebe (y\bbot) 
.Mihott. .She was born JunV 20. 181 5, at Tem- 
ple. 

(\^II) Abby Frances, daughter of Hanni- 
bal and Abigail (Abbott) Hamlin, was born 
October 22, 1837, in Waterford, and was mar- 
ried October 14, 1857, to Reverend Doctor 
Lyman Abbott (see Abbott VII). 



(For preceding generations see James Hamltn I.) 

(HI) Deacon Ebenezer, fourth 
HAMLIN son of James (2) and Mary 

(Dunham) Hamlin, was hirn 
in Barnstable, Massachusetts, July 29, 1674. 
He was an active man in community affairs, 
and occupied the old farm with his father at 
Coggin Pond. He removed to Rochester, 
Massachusetts, now Wareham, and was one of 
the original members of the church there and 
was appointed deacon in 1705. In 1742 he 
became one of the early settlers in Sharon. 
Connecticut, living where George Skinner now 
resides. He married Sarah Lewis, of Barn- 
stable, April 4, 1698. Children: Ebenezer. 
Mercy, Hopestill, Cornelius, Thomas, Isaac 



STATii OK MAINE. 



II 



and Lewis. He married (second) Elizabeth, 
widow of Samuel Arnold, of Rochester, Mas- 
sachusetts. 

(IV) Lewis, sixth son of Deacon Ebenczer 
and Sarah (Lewis) Hamlin, was born in 
Barnstable, Massachusetts, January 31, 1718. 
He removed to Lebanon, Connecticut, about 
1740. He married Experience, daughter of 
Samuel and Mary (Hinckley) Jenkins, of 
Barnstable. Children : Sarah, Nathaniel, Lew- 
is, Sarah, Mary, Philemon, Mercy and Perez. 
On the night of the great earthquake in 1755, 
he arose clad only in his night garments, and 
as a result thereof contra9ted a severe cold 
and died in December, 1755. His widow mar- 
ried a Mr. Holbrook; she died in Wellfleet, 
Massachusetts, November 24, 1794. 

(V) Natlianiel, eldest son of Lewis and Ex- 
perience (Jenkins) Hamlin, was born in Le- 
banon, Connecticut, November 20, 1741. In 
1759 he assisted in building boats in Albany, 
New York, and on Lakes George and Cham- 
plain for General Amherst's expedition. Erom 
May, 1760, to 1761 he served as a private in 
Captain Bassett's company of Chillmark, Mas- 
sachusetts, and in Colonel Nathaniel Wing's 
regiment, seeing hard service at Nova Scotia. 
He was one of the garrison who, under the 
direction of a company of sappers and miners 
sent out from England, blew up the fortifica- 
tions of Louisburg. Mr. Hamlin removed to 
Wellfleet, then to Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, 
in 1763, and to Oxford, same state, 1778. 
While there he officiated as tax collector. In 
1782 he removed to Hallowell, Maine, where 
he worked as a housew right, and in 1795 he 
made that town his permanent abode. At Au- 
gusta, Maine, he labored as a joiner and made 
wooden clocks, spinning wheels and sleighs. 
The lot on which the present Kennebec granite 
courthouse stands was the site of his home. 
Through his long life he was a man much 
looked up to for counsel and advice in public 
matters, and his great skill as a mechanic 
made him much sought after in that line. He 
married, December 5, 1762, Sarah Bacon. 
Children : Theophilus, Mary, Olive, Louis, 
Sarah, Perez, Nathaniel and Lot. Mr. Ham- 
lin died in 1834, and his wife died at Sidney, 
Maine, on Independence day, 1830. 

(VI) Perez, third son of Nathaniel and 
Sarah (Bacon) Hamlin, was born in Shrews- 
bury, r^Iassachusetts, October i, 1777. Like 
his father he was a housesmith. He came to 
Augusta, Maine, in 1794, subsequently taking 
up his residence in Sidney, Kennebec county, 
Maine. He married (first) Anna, daughter 
of John and Betsey (Bean) Prescott. of Read- 



field, Maine, wiio was originally from Epping, 
New Hampshire. Children: Charles, William, 
Olive, Reuel and Anna. He married (second) 
Betsey Crommett, of Sidney. Child, Eliza- 
beth. He married (third) Sarah Kendall. 
Children : Fanny, Sarah W., Almira and Mary 
Ann. Perez Hamlin died in Augusta, Sep- 
tember 7, i860. 

(VII) William, second son of Perez and 
Anna (Prescott) Hamlin, was born in Au- 
gusta, Maine, December 8, 1801. He lived in 
Sidney, where he followed the occupation of 
his forefathers, housesmith, and was also a 
farmer. He rertioved to Wisconsin subsequent 
to his marriage and the birth of his children. 
He married Paulina Bacon. Children : Wel- 
lington Bacon, Albion H. P., Caroline Ann, 
William Augustus, Alelvin Orlando, Alary 
Elizabeth, Joseph Perez, Mary Paulina, George 
Henry, Solomon Alfred, Henry Harrison, 
John Carter and Prince Edward. 

(VHl) Wellington Bacon, eldest son of 
William and Paulina (Bacon) Hamlin, was 
born in Sidney, Maine, September i, 1824, 
and his death occurred there May 2, 1885. 
Like his father he was a carpenter, was a 
Universalist in religion and a Republican in 
politics. He married Philena P. Robinson. 
Children : Dclwin A., Almeda C, George H., 
Willie, Fred O., Mary E. and Jennie. 

(IX) George H., second son of Wellington 
Bacon and Philena P. (Robinson) Hamlin, 
was born in Sidney, Maine, November 18, 
1850. He fitted for college at the Waterville 
Classical Institute, and graduated from Maine 
State College (now University of Alaine) in 
1873, with which institution he was connected 
as instructor and professor of civil engineer- 
ing until 1898, also serving as treasurer of the 
university for several years. He is general 
manager of the Marine Railway & Lumber 
Company of Brewer, Maine, owns and oper- 
ates a lumber mill at Winn, Maine, and has 
extensive real estate interests. He is a Free 
and Accepted Mason. He is a member of the 
American Society of Civil Engineers, the Bos- 
ton Society of Civil Engineers, the .American 
Association for the .Advancement of Science, 
the Society of Arts of Massachusetts Insti- 
tute of Technology and the Society for the 
Promotion of Engineering Education. He has 
been in the active practice of his profession 
until within the last few years, when his vari- 
ous business enterprises have taken the greater 
part of his time. Professor Hamlin married 
Annie M., daughter of Gideon Mayo, of 
Orono, Maine. Children: i. Henry Mayo, 
born November 28, 1881. died January 28, 



12 



STATE OF MAINE. 



1886. 2. Laura, September 7, 1883, died Feb- 
ruary 13, 1886. 3. Charles M., March 5, 
1885, a graduate of Brown University, and a 
lumber salesman. 4. George Harold, Septem- 
ber 29, 1888, now in Phillips Andover Acad- 
emy. 



Of the several distinct families of 
COBB New England origin bearing this 

surname, none is larger in point of 
numbers or more productive of distinguished 
men than that which claims as its progenitor 
Elder Henry Cobb, of IJarnstable, ^lassachu- 
setts. He is believed to have come from the 
county of Kent, in England ; and it has been 
claimed by one genealogist, apparently with- 
out documentary evidence, that he was con- 
nected with the landed family of the same sur- 
name which then had its seat at Cobbe Court 
in that county. There does seem reason, how- 
ever, to assert tiiat he became a Separatist in 
early youth, and was a member of the much 
persecuted congregation to which Rev. John 
Lothrop ministered in London before crossing 
the Atlantic. 

(1) Henry Cobb was living at Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, in 1632, at Scituate in 1633, 
and settled finally in Barnstable in 1639, where 
he died in 1679. In 1634 he and his wife 
were dismissed from the Plymouth church, and 
became, with others, original members of the 
church at Scituate. Here he was chosen a 
deacon in 1635, and the town historian re- 
cords that "he was a useful and valuable man." 
At Barnstable, whither he removed with his 
pastor, Rev. John Lothrop, he was senior 
deacon or ruling elder for forty-four years. 
He built two houses on his home lot of seven 
acres, the first apparently for temporary occu- 
pancy, the second of stone, as a place of 
refuge from the Indians, should they prove 
hostile. His "great lot" of sixty acres was 
especially adapted for grazing, and was sim- 
ply sufficient for the "one cowe and two goates 
to him in hand payd by Manasseth Kcmpton" 
in partial return for his lands at Scituate. He 
also had two lots in the "common field" oc- 
cupied for planting lands. He was a town 
officer, a member of its most important com- 
mittees and a deputy to the colony court in 
l645-47-52-59-C>o-f)i. He married (first) Pa- 
tience Hurst, who died in May, 1648; and 
(second) Sarah, daughter of Samuel Hinck- 
ley, whose death occurred shortly after his 
own. He had by the first marriage : John, 
James, Mary, Hannah, Patience, Gershom and 
Eliezer; by the second: Samuel, Jonathan. 



Sarah, Henry, Mehiiable, E.xperience besiiles 
two that died in infancy. 

(II) Jonathan, son of Elder Henry and 
Sarah (Hinckley) Cobb, was born April 10, 
1660, at Barnstable, Massachusetts. He mar- 
ried, March 1, 1682-83, Hope, widow of John 
Huckings, and daughter of Elder John Chip- 
man. In 1703 he removed to Middleborough, 
Massachusetts, and thence to Falmouth Neck, 
now Portland, Maine. His children were Sam- 
uel, Jonathan, Ebenezer, Joseph, Lydia and 
Gershom. 

(HI) Samuel, son of Jonathan and Hope 
(Cliipnian) Cobb, was born .April 6, 1686, at 
Barnstable, Massachusetts. He married Abi- 
gail Stuart, at Middleborough, Massachusetts, 
and removed to Maine in 171 7, and built the 
second house at Purpooduck, opposite Fal- 
mouth Neck. The following year, however, 
he removed and made his home on what is now 
Congress street, near the head of India street. 
He was a ship carpenter, and was for many 
years an active and influential man in the af- 
fairs of the town, having sustained the offices 
of clerk, treasurer and selectman. He died in 
1766. His children were : Chipman, Ebenezer, 
Samuel, Peter, Hope and Hannah. 

(I\') Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) and 
Abigail (Stuart) Cobb, was born about 1720, 
and is referred to in Smith's Journal as Cap- 
tain Cobb, evidently to distinguish him from 
his father, who was generally known as 
Deacon Cobb. Like him he was largely en- 
gaged in shipbuilding both at Portland and at 
what is now Falmouth. He and his wife, 
whose maiden name is believed to be IngersoU, 
had two children : Samuel and William. 

(V) Samuel (3), son of Captain Samuel (2) 
Cobb, is the father of the Edward, Samuel and 
Francis Cobb who in February, 1806, con- 
veyed to Jonathan Moody "part of our honored 
Grandfather, Samuel Cobb, late of Falmouth, 
home estate e.xccpt one-half of tiie ship-yard 
given to our uncle William Cobb." They were 
joiners or iiousewrights, and united in otiier 
deeds of real estate in Portland. 

(\T) Francis Cobb, believed to be the Fran- 
cis mentioned above (the unfortunate destruc- 
tion of the probate records of Cumberland 
county prevents a more definite assertion), 
married Jane, daughter of Captain .Vmbrose 
and Fanny (Campbell) Snow, of Thoniaston. 
He was a ship joiner, and one of the first 
settlers at Cherryfield, Maine. He himself 
died at Boston, in 1817. .\mong his chiltlren 
were Mary and Francis. 

( \ II) Francis (2), son of Francis (i) and 



STATE OF MAlNli. 



13 



Jane (Snow) Lobb, was born l''chriuii) 23, 
1818, at Chcrrylicld, Maine, ilis father died 
a few weeks previous, leaving the family in 
narrow circumstances. The mother succeeded, 
however, in bringing up the children with the 
ordinary comforts and advantages of the time 
and place. After obtaining a common school 
education the youngest son was for two years 
in the family and store of Mr. Hawley, a mer- 
chant at Cherryticld, and then for a year with 
Mr. Morse, of Machias. The latter's kindness 
he never forgot, and would often recall the 
suit of broadcloth and the fur hat which he 
received from him, despite his youth. In Au- 
gust, 1834, he became a clerk in the store of 
his uncle, Thomas A. Snow, at Thomaston, 
Maine, where he remained nearly four years. 
At this period Rockland was a small village 
known as East Thomaston. Here, a youth 
of only twenty, Mr. Cobb began business 
for himself in March, 1838, in a small store on 
the corner of Maine and Limerick streets. He 
soon sold out, and, entering into copartner- 
ship with L K. Kimball, conducted for five 
years a general merchandise store, carrying 
the largest stock of goods in the place. He 
continued in the same line of business for 
twenty years, sometiines in partnership with 
others, sometimes alone. Meanwhile Rockland 
had been growing rapidly. It was set off from 
Thomaston in 1848, and became a city in 1850. 
Mr. Cobb was not only enterprising in busi- 
ness, but displayed wonderfully accurate judg- 
ments in investments. His ventures generally 
proved profitable and he accumulated property 
rapidly. His firm began to engage in the man- 
ufacture of lime and in shipbuilding. In 1859 
the cutting of granite was added to its enter- 
prises, and quarries were opened at Spruce 
Head. In 1871 the Bodwell Granite Com- 
pany was formed, and Mr. Cobb became its 
treasurer. This company obtained valuable 
government contracts and also did a lucrative 
general business. In 1870 the Cobb Lime 
Company was formed, composed of the largest 
firms then engaged in the lime business. Mr. 
Cobb was the first president and held this 
office till his death. As early as 1845 he built 
his first vessel, the "Mary Langdon," which 
was still afloat and owned by him at the time 
of his decease. Under the firm name of Cobb, 
Butler & Company he was largely interested 
in the building, repairing and sailing of ves- 
sels. He was also president of the Rockland 
Savings Bank, a director in the Rockland 
National Bank and the Knox and Lincoln 
railroad. In politics he was a Republican, ami 
naturally exercised great influence. He was 



not, however, active in practical politics, and 
rarely would accept office for himself. He 
represented Rockland in the state legislature 
of i860 and i86i, served as city councilman 
in 1865, as alderman in 1866-67-68 and 1870. 
He was a delegate to the Republican national 
conventions in 1876, 1880 and 1884, and a 
presidential elector in 1876. As a leader in 
great corporations and a potential factor in 
the political part}' dominant in the state, he 
was often the target for spirited if not bitter 
attacks, but no man ever breathed an aspersion 
or a suspicion against his personal character 
for integrity and honor. All accorded him the 
noble qualities, the intellectual force, and the 
sturdy manhood which his long life in the 
community had revealed. He died of paraly- 
sis, at Portland, Maine, December 2, 1890. 

Mr. Cobb married, October 16, 1839, ^^ 
Thomaston, JNIaine, Martha J., daughter of 
Dr. Chauncey C. and Lovisa (MillerJ Chand- 
ler, who was born at Belfast, April 2, 1820, 
and died at Rockland, May 23, 1895. They 
had eleven children : Mary A. C, widow of 
E. P. Norton; Captain Frank K., who com- 
manded the bark "Jennie Cobb," and was lost 
at sea on its first vo_\age ; Lovisa H., wife of 
James S. Hanley, of San P'rancisco; Alaria F., 
wife of Louis T. Snow, of San Francisco; 
Charles W. S., of St. Louis ; Jennie W., wife of 
A. W. Butler, of Rockland ; Maynard S., who 
died in infancy ; William T., mentioned be- 
low ; Martha F., who died February 3, 1883; 
Nathan P., and Lucius Edward, both of Rock- 
land. 

(VTII) William Titcomb, son of Francis 
and Martha J. (Chandler) Cobb, was born 
July 23, 1857, at Rockland, Maine. He re- 
ceived his early education in the public schools 
of his native city, graduating at its high school 
in 1873. He pursued his college course at 
Bowdoin, where, though one of the youngest 
members of the class, he won reputation for 
excellence in English composition and was 
an editor of the undergraduate journal. Fol- 
lowing his graduation in 1877 he studied at 
the Universities of Leipsic and Berlin for two 
years. Returning to America he was a student 
at the Harvard Law School for a year, con- 
tinued his law studies with Messrs. Rice and 
Hall, of Rockland, and was admitted to the 
bar in December, 1880. He did not, however, 
engage in practice, preferring a business life, 
and entered at once the firm of Cobb, Wight 6: 
Company, wholesale and retail grocers. Sub- 
sequently he formed a partnership with his 
father for the manufacture of lime at Rock- 
land ; and, upon the latter's death, became 



STATE OF MAIXE. 



president of the Cobb Lime Company, a po- 
sition he hckl till the sale of this properly to 
the Rocklanil-Rockport Lime Company in 
1900. He is director in the Rt)cklan(l Xatioiial 
Bank, the Rockland Trust Company, the Cam- 
den and Rockland Water Company, and the 
Rockland, Thomaston & Camden Street Rail- 
way. He is a trustee of his alma mater, JjOW- 
doin College, where in his undergraduate days 
he received from his classmates the "wooden 
spoon," the coveted emblem of the most popu- 
lar man. 

In 1889-90, Mr. Cobb served as a member 
of the executive council, and in 1904 was 
chosen governor of Maine. He was reelected 
in iyo6 for a second term of two years. What- 
ever may have been said in the bitterness of 
political contests during the election period, 
the citizens of Maine now agree that not for 
half a centur) has any governor stood so 
strongly and so consistently for the enforce- 
ment of law, regardless of personal or party 
interests. His administration witnessed the 
passing of legislation enabling the state to pre- 
vent open nullification of its prohibitory law 
by local officials; the adoption of the referen- 
dum: the .substitution of salaries in places of 
fees in the case of most officials, and the es- 
tablishment of a state auditor. 

Governor Cobb married, June 14, 1S82, 
Lucy Callie, oulv daughter of Dr. William A. 
and Mary .\. (Tillsonj Banks, of Rockland. 
Their two children are Martha Banks and 
Anna West Cobb. Dr. Banks, a native of 
East Livermore, graduated at JefTerson ]\Ied- 
ical College in 1846, was commissioned sur- 
geon of the Fourth JNlaine Infantry in 1861. 
and practiced his profession at Rockland, 
where he died in 1893. He was a descendant 
of the emigrant ancestor Richard Bankes, a 
prominent citizen of York, ?ilaine. where he 
was a provincial councillor in 1651-52. select- 
man for seven years, trial justice in 1669, 1672 
and 1679, and is believed to have perished in 
the Indian massacre of January 25, 1692. 

The sources from which names are 
FRYE derived and the circumstances 

which dictated the taking of them 
are so numerous and varied as to be beyond 
all knowledge, y>.t careful study and prolonged 
search have discovcre<l the origin of a multi- 
tude of them. Writers have classified sur- 
names from their origins as baptismal, local, 
official, occupative and sobriquet. Not a few 
names of both ancient and modern times are 
expressive of the condition of tbe persons who 



bore them. Among primitive and uncivilized 
nations slavery has generally been a recog- 
nized institution. Our Sa.xon ancestors cher- 
ished it, and the last slave was not liberated 
in Britain until after surnames were adopted. 
In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, when 
men had but one name, and a nickname was 
added to designate more closely the person re- 
ferred to, a slave might be mentioned as "Ive 
De Bond," or "Richard le Bond," while a man 
who had been born free, though of humble 
circumstances, would be anxious to preserve 
himself from a doubtful or suspected position 
by such a name as "Walter le Free," or "John 
le Freeman." In our "Fryes," a sobriquet that 
has acquired much honor of late years and 
represented in the mediaeval rolls by such en- 
tries as "Thomas le Frye," or "Walter le 
Frie," we have but an absolute rendering of 
"free." 

Among the early New England families of 
English origin this has been more conspicu- 
ously identified with the state of Maine than 
with its original home in Massachusetts. It 
has furnished one of the most distinguished 
members of the United States senate, and 
many useful and worthy citizens in various 
localities. Its origin is directly traced to Eng- 
land, and its establishment in New England 
was early. 

(I) John Frye, born i6oi, was a resident of 
Bassing, Hants, England. In May, 1638, he 
sailed from Southampton in the ship "Bevis," 
of Hampton, commanded by Robert Eaton, 
and w^as an early settler in Newbury, Massa- 
chusetts. In 1645 '>^ removed thence to An- 
dover, Massachusetts, where he was a very 
active citizen up to the end of his life, and 
where lie died November 9, 1693, at the age 
of ninety-two years and seven months. His 
wife Ann died at Andover, October 22, 1680. 
Their children were: John, Benjamin, Sam- 
uel, James, Elizabeth and Susan. 

(II) Samuel, third son and child of John 
and Ann Frye, was born about 1650, in An- 
dover, Massachusetts, where he passed his life 
and died May 9, 1725. He married, Novem- 
ber 20, 1671, Mary, daughter of John .Aslett 
(or Asledee). She survived her husband 
about twelve years, dying in 1747. John 
Aslett, or .Asledee, of Newbury and .Andover, 
was born about 1614, and died June 6, 1771. 
He married, October 8, 1648, Rebecca Ayer, 
daughter of John Aver. Their children were : 
John, Samuel, Mary, Phoebe, Hannah, Ebe- 
nezer, Nathan, Deborah, Samuel and Benja- 
min. Their third child and daughter, Mary, 




V. -Dar.'veT- j^ - 




STATK OI' MALM".. 



became tlic wife i>f Samuel Frye ; she was 
born April J4, 1654, and died .-\u;;ust 12. 

1747- 

(III) John (2), eldest child of Samuel and 
Mary (Aslelt or Asictlee) Frye, was born 
September 16, 1672, in Andover, and died in 
that town, April 7, 1737. He married, No- 
vember I, 1694, Tabitha, daughter of Thom- 
as and Elizabeth Farnum, who died May 17, 
1775, in her seventy-tilth year. Their chil- 
dren were: John (died young), Isaac, Joshua, 
Abiel, Mehitabel, .Anne (died young), Joseph, 
Samuel, Anne, John, Tabitha and Hannah. 

(IV) Joseph, fourth son and eighth child 
of John (2) and Tabitha (Farnum) Frye, 
was born in April, 171 1, in Andover and re- 
sided in that town, where he was a very prom- 
inent citizen. He served as justice of the 
peace, representative in the general court and 
was generally active in the affairs of the 
town. He served in the war of 1755 and par- 
ticipated in the siege of Louisburg. In the 
war of 1757 he was colonel of a regiment at 
the capture of Fort William Henry by Mont- 
■calm. He was promised protection by La- 
corne, who had great influence among the 
savages and whose countrymen had been hu- 
manely treated by Colonel Frye in Nova Sco- 
tia. He expressed great gratitude and pre- 
tended that he desired to make returns in this 
way, promising that neither he nor any of the 
Massachusetts troops should receive injury 
from the Indians. This promise was in no- 
wise fulfilled, and Colonel Frye was plundered 
and stripped of his clothes and led into the 
woods by an Indian, who intended to dispatch 
him. On arriving at a secluded spot the colo- 
nel made a desperate effort to preserve his life, 
and with no other arms than those which na- 
ture gave him, he overpowered and killed the 
Indian and by rapid flight in a thick woods 
eluded his captors, and after several days of 
suffering in the wilderness he arrived at Fort 
Edward. He was appointed major-general, 
June 21, 1775, by the provincial congress and 
continued a short time with the troops at 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the revolution- 
ary war. In recognition of his military ser- 
vice he was granted a township of land by the 
general court of Massachusetts, which he se- 
lected in a very lonely locality in the present 
state of Maine, and this tow^n is still known 
as Fryeburg. He was a land surveyor among 
•other accomplishments, and was enabled to 
secure a verv fine location. His descendants 
are still very nutnerous in that locality and 
■other sections of the state of Maine. He mar- 
ried, March 20, 1733, Mehitable Poore. and 



they were the parents of: Joseph (died 

young), SanuR-l, Mehitable (died young), Me- 
hitable (died young) MeliilaMe, Joseph, Ta- 
bitha, Hannah, Richard, Nathan and Samuel. 

(V) Captain Joseph (2), third son and 
si.xth child of General Joseph ( 1 ) Frye, was 
born July 10, 1743, in Andover, and passed 
most of his life in Fryeburg, Maine. His 
children were: Joseph, Mary, Mehitable, John, 
Nancy, Dean, Sarah, William and Sophia. 

(\T) Dean, third son of Captain Joseph 
(2) Frye, was born May 25, 1775. 

(\TI) Colonel John M., son of Dean Frye, 
was born November 28, 1802, in Westbrook, 
Maine, and settled in Lewiston, same state, 
where he was many years identified with man- 
ufacturing, and was a prominent and public- 
spirited citizen. He was colonel of the local 
militia, and a popular and efficient officer. For 
thirty-five years he served the town as clerk, 
was selectman in 1831-32-33, and moderator 
in 1840-41-42-43-44. He was town treasurer 
in 1849-50-51-52-53-54 and 1858-59-60-61-62. 
In 1841 he was elected a member of the state 
senate and was a member of the council in 
1861. Fie married Alice, daughter of David 
Davis, of Lewiston, who was a Friend and 
an elder in his church. She was born May 
ID, 1809, died November, 1871. Colonel 
Frye and wife were the parents of Mary D., 
Sarah, Addie, a child wdio died in infancy, 
William Pierce, and Dr. Albert S., who died 
in early manhood. 

(VIII) William Pierce, only surviving son 
of Colonel John M. and Alice (Davis) Frye, 
was born September 2, 1831, in Lewiston, 
Maine, and received his primary education in 
the public schools, preparing for college at 
Lewiston Falls Academy. Entering Bowdoin 
College, he was graduated from that institu- 
tion in the class of 1850 and immediately went 
to Rockland, where he began the study of 
law in the office of Lowell & Foster. Later 
he pursued his legal studies with Hon. William 
Pitt Fessenden, at Portland, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in October, 1852. He at 
once engaged in practice at Rockland, but was 
destined soon to take a prominent place in the 
conduct of public affairs. In 1855 h^ ■"£" 
moved to Lewiston and rapidly built up a legal 
business through his superior ability and care- 
ful attention to the interests of his clientele. 
A man of his talents and broad mental makeup 
could not be long confined to private affairs, 
and he soon came to be recognized as a power 
in public concerns. He was elected to the 
state legislature in 1861-62 and again in 1S67. 
In the latter and preceding years he was 



i6 



STATE OF MAINE. 



mayor of Lewiston, and was attorney-general 
of the state in 1867-68-69. He was a presi- 
dential elector in 1864, and was a delegate to 
the National Republican conventions of 1872- 
76-80 ; was elected chairman of the National 
Republican executive committee in the same 
years, and was made chairman of the Repub- 
lican state committee upon the resignation of 
James G. Blaine in 1881. He was elected 
representative in the United States congress, 
serving through the forty-second, forty-third, 
forty-fourth, forty-fifth, forty-sixth and forty- 
seventh congresses. He was elected to the 
United States senate, IMarch 15, 1881, to fill 
the unexpired term of James G. Blaine, who 
resigned to become national secretary of state. 
Mr. Frye took his seat three days after elec- 
tion, and has filled the position continuously 
since, by repeated elections. He was elected 
president pro tempore of the senate, February 
7, 1896, March 7, 1901, December 5, 1907, and 
presided as vice-president of senate for six 
years ; first upon the death of Garret A. Ho- 
bart and second upon the death of President 
McKinley. He was a member of the commis- 
sion which met in Paris in September, 1898, 
to adjust terms of peace between the United 
States and Spain, and has been a member of 
nearly all important committees, especially 
those relating to New England coast matters, 
was a member of the committee on rules for 
the senate and is the author of nearly all the 
rules now governing that body and also house. 
Senator Frye reported the bill governing the 
Geneva award and, though he was opposed 
by all the large insurance companies, won 
out and secured direct payment of the money 
to those entitled to it. For many years he 
has been chairman of various important com- 
mittees of congress, including those on ways 
and means, commerce, judiciary, foreign re- 
lations, and served three times on the Canadian 
fisheries commission, winning the contest with 
Canada and breaking up the old treaty and es- 
tablishing that now in force. Senator Frye 
was instrumental in bringing about the annex- 
ation of Hawaii, and in fact in all important 
legislation for more than a quarter of a cen- 
tury. His continuous service is longer than 
any other man in congress, and he is yet active 
in the service of his country, respected and 
honored by his colleagues as well as by the 
entire nation. No other wields a greater in- 
fluence. His democratic manners and straight- 
forward methods endear him to all lovers of 
justice and liberty. He was elected a trustee 
of Bowdoin College in 1880, received the de- 
gree of Doctor of Laws from Bates College 



the following year and from his alma mater 
in 1889. 

Senator Frye married, February 29, 1853, 
Caroline F., daughter of Captain Archibald 
and Angelica (Branton) Spear, of Rockland. 
Children: i. Helen, married Wallace H. 
White, of Lewiston ; children : i. William 
Frye, a lawyer in Boston ; married Charlotte 
Wilson, of Washington; two children, Eliza- 
beth F. and Charlotte W. ; ii. Wallace H., an 
attorney in Lewiston ; married Anna Pratt, one 
child, Herbert ; iii. John, married Julia Bearch ; 
he is superintendent of a large cotton mill in 
Augusta, Maine ; iv. Emme Frye, married Dr. 
Horace P. Stevens, of Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts; V. Thomas C, merchant of Boston; 
married Martha Pratt, of Lewiston ; vi. Don 
C, merchant of Lewiston ; married Ethel 
Ham ; vii. Harold, a student of Bowdoin Col- 
lege ; all the sons in the White family grad- 
uated from Bowdoin College. 2. Alice, mar- 
ried Frank H. Briggs ; children: i. Benjamin 
F., now a student at law ; ii. Eugene Hale, a 
machinist ; iii. Leland Stanford, at school ; 
iv. Caroline Frye, married Garret A. Hobart, 
son of the late Vice-president Hobart, now of 
Patterson, New Jersey ; one child. Garret A. 
Hobart 3rd. 3. Emme, died while attending 
school at Stamford, Connecticut, aged about 
fourteen. 



John Fuller, ancestor of Ed- 
FULLER ward Fuller, and his brother, 

Dr. Samuel Fuller, both of 
whom came on the "Mayflower," and of Cap- 
tain Matthew Fuller, who came later to Ply- 
mouth, lived in the parish of Redenhall with 
Harleston, in nearly the center of the hundred 
of Earsham. county Norfolk, England. Wort- 
well, an adjacent parish, shares in the parish 
church, through which the division line passes. 
He was born probably as early as 1500 and 
died in 1558-59. There were living in Reden- 
hall in 1482 and 1488 John and William Ful- 
ler, one of whom was doubtless father of John 
Fuller (i), whose will was dated February 4, 
1558-59, and proved May 12, 1559, bequeath- 
ing to his son John lands in Redenhall and 
Wortwell : also to son Robert and daughter 
Alice (Ales) ; and to Stephen and Frances 
Sadd. Children: i. John; mentioned below. 
2. Alice. 3. Robert, mentioned below. 

(H) John (2), son of John (i) Fuller, 
lived at Redenhall. His will is dated January 
29, 1598-99, and proved May 8, 1599, be- 
queathing to wife Ann ; sons Thomas, the 
younger : Roger. Ralph, Robert, "young Will- 
iam, my Sonne." "Thomas Fuller, the young- 



STATl-: OF MAINE. 



17 



cr,"' "oulti William, my soiiiic, " then deceased, 
and his four children. He married Ann 

, who married second Ciiles Chalker. 

Children and date of baptism: i. i'^lizabeth. 
February i. i559- 2. Ann, Se])teniber 8, 1560. 
3. Garthred, February 30, 1562. 4. Kaljih, No- 
vember 4, 1565. 5. Thomas, December 18, 
1565. 6. Roger, October 19, 1572, died 1644; 
married Jane Gowen who died in 1647 ! chil- 
dren : i. Giles, who came to America, was in 
Dedham, Massachusetts in 1638, removed that 
year to Hampton, New 1 Iam])sliire, where he 
died in 1673; ii. Elizabeth baptized 1609, mar- 
ried John F\iller, perhaps brother of Matthew ; 
iii. Susanna married Thomas Thurston, father 
of Thomas Thurston, who came to New Eng- 
land in 1677. 7. William, the younger, mar- 
ried Alice Linge, November 25, 1581 ; their 
children were baptized at Redcnhall ; among 
them was Ralph, baptized November 8, 1584, 
married. November 3, 1608, Elizabeth Eliot, 
and had among other children Thomas F'uUcr, 
baptized January 20, 1619, settled at Dedham, 
Massachusetts. 8. William, the elder, one of 
the older children, died before his father. 9. 
Thomas, the younger. Perhaps others. There 
is no doubt that there were two children, 
adults at the same time, named \\'illiam and 
two also named Thomas. This perplexing cus- 
tom of having two children of the same name, 
both living, was not at all uncommon. 

(H) Robert, son of John (i) Fuller, lived 
at Redenhall. He was a yeoman. His will 
was dated May 19, 1614, and proved May 31, 
1614, by the widow and June 16, 1614, by 
son Thomas. He bequeathed to wife Frances a 
place in Assyes, in Harleston or Redenhall, 
for the term of her natural life; to son Edward 
the same tenement after his wife's death; to 
son Samuel ; to, daughter Anna ; daughter 
Elizabeth Fuller and daughter Mary Fuller; 
to sen Thomas a tenement "wherein now 
dwell, held of Tryndelhedge Bastoft Manor in 
Redenhall or Harleston ;" and mentions grand- 
son John, son of John deceased. He married 

Frances He was a butcher by trade. 

Children and date of baptism: i. Thomas, 
December 13, 1573. 2. Edward, September 4, 
1575, came in the "Mayfiower" and signed the 
compact; died in 1621, Jeft an only son Sam- 
uel. 3. Ann. April 22, 1577. 4. Ann, Decem- 
ber 21, 1378. 5. John, March 15, 1578-79, 
mentioned below. 6. Samuel, January 20, 
1580, the physician of the Plymouth colony, 
who came in the "Mayflower." 7. Robert, Oc- 
tober 22, 1581. 8. Edmund, May 19, 1583. 9. 
Sarah, September 4, 1586. 10. Christopher. 
December 15, 1588. Several other children of 



Robert huUer may have been of another of 
the same name. The will of Robert Fuller, 
butcher, mentions those of the American fam- 
ilies, however. 

(HI) John (3), son of Robert F'uUer, was 
baptized at Redenliall, .March 15, 1578-79, or 
March 25, 1582. and died in 1608, before his 
father. He married Margaret Balls and lived 
at Redenhall. Children: i. John, baptized 
April 25, 1602. 2. Matthew, October 16, 1603, 
mentioned below. 3. Thomas, June 16, 1605. 
4. Thomas, March 1, 1606. 5. William, bap- 
tized after his father died, June 30, 1C09. 

(IV) Captain Matthew, son of John (3) 
Fuller, was baptized in Redenhall, England, 
October 16, 1C03. He came to Plymouth, 
where his two uncles, Edward and Dr. Sam- 
uel, had preceded him, and until recently it 
was supposed that he was a son of Edward. 
The first record of him at Plymouth was Oc- 
tober 26, 1640, when he sold to Andrew Ring 
for one cow, a calf and two goats a piece of 
land at Plymouth and six acres in the new 
field, lately bought of John Gregory. In later 
years he was accounted to be "one of the 
first born of the colony" and had land assigned 
him by virtue of his primogeniture. It was 
the law that where no children were born to 
a family in this country, the right of drawing 
land was given to the eldest son, though he 
were born in the old country. Nevertheless he 
was classed among ''the first born of the col- 
ony." In 1642 he was granted ten acres near 
the farm of Thurston Clark in Plymouth, and 
in the same year served as a juryman. He 
applied for admission as a freeman September 
7, 1642, but was not allowed to qualify until 
June 7, 1653. He was one of the leading mili- 
tary men of the colony. When the first com- 
pany was organized under command of Cap- 
tain Myles Stantlish in 1643 h^ was appointed 
sergeant and made lieutenant in September, 
1652. He was a lieutenant June 20, 1654, 
under Captain Standish, in command of fifty 
men organized for the proposed expedition 
against the Dutch of New Amsterdam, later 
called New York. The company was ordered 
to rendezvous at Sandwich, Plymouth colony, 
June 29, to embark from Mahanet in the 
barque "Adventure," owned by Captain Sam- 
uel Mayo, of Barnstable, and to join the other 
English colonial forces; but on June 2^ news 
was received that peace was declared between 
England and Holland and preparations for 
war ceased. Fuller was elected to the council 
of war October 2, 1658, and was made chair- 
man in 1671. In that year also he was lieu- 
tenant of the colonial forces in the expedition 



i8 



STATE OF MAINE. 



against the Indians of Saconet. Fuller was a 
physician by profession and had a good stand- 
ing as shown by his appointment December 
17, 1673, as surgeon-general of the Plymouth 
Colony troops and also of the Massachusetts 
Bay troops. He served as captain of the com- 
pany in King Philip's war and took a dis- 
tinguishing part. He was deputy to the gen- 
eral court as early as 1653. He lived first at 
Plymouth, then at Scituate, where he was ad- 
mitted to the church by letter from Plymouth 
church, and finally at Barnstable, where he was 
the first regular physician. His son John and 
some of his grandsons followed him in his 
profession, which he doubtless learned of his 
uncle, Dr. Samuel, and in turn taught to his 
son. He and his cousin lived side by side on 
Scorton Neck, which was bought of the Se- 
cunke (Seeconk) Indians by Barnstable and 
Sandwich. The west end of the Fuller farm 
formed the town line between Sandwich and 
Barnstable. A dispute as to this boundary 
line caused a lawsuit, which was eventually 
compromised, the Fullers relinquishing their 
claim to certain lands granted by Barnstable 
October 3, 1672, and the town of Sandwich 
conceding to the Fullers certain rights of way 
with the privilege of cutting fence stuiT in 
Sandwich. Captain Fuller had land granted 
at Suckennesset, now Falmouth, and in the 
"Major's Purchase," Middleborough, as "first- 
born" rights. He was a man of sound judg- 
ment, good understanding and courage. He 
was faithful to his trusts, liberal in politics and 
tolerant in religion. In fact he was too toler- 
ant for his day and too frank in his speech to 
avoid trouble. He was indignant at the pro- 
secution of the Quakers, and was indicted for 
saying "the law enacted about minister's main- 
tenance was a wicked and devilish law and 
that the devil sat at the stone when it was 
enacted." He admitted that he used the words, 
and was fined fifty shillings. Yet he held the 
confidence of the people and received further 
honors and high office afterward. He died at 
Barnstable in 1678. He bequeathed in his will, 
dated July 25, proved October 30, 167S, to 
his wife Frances, to grandchild Shubael, son 
of Ralph Jones; to son John, and to Thomas, 
Jabez, Timothy, Matthias and Samuel, sons of 
his deceased son Samuel; to Elizabeth, wife 
of Moses Rowdey, and Anne, wife of son 
Samuel ; to Bethiah, wife of son John ; to 
grandchild Sarah Rowley, Jedediah Jones and 
all the rest. Also to Robert Marshall, "the 
Scotchman." Children: i. Mary, married, 
April 17, 1650, Ralph Jones. 2. Elizabeth, 
married, April 22, 1632, Moses Rowley. 3. 



Samuel, mentioned below. 4. John, married 
(first) Bethia : (second) Hannah Martin. 5. 
Ann, married Samuel Fuller Jr., her cousin. 

(V) Lieutenant Samuel, son of Captain 
Matthew Fuller, was born in England. He 
was a prominent citizen and soldier. In 1670 
he served on a committee of Plymouth colony 
to assess damages for injury to the cattle of 
the Indians. He held various town offices. 
He was lieutenant of the Barnstable company 
in King Philip's war and was killed in battle 
at Rehoboth, Massachusetts, August 15, 1675. 
By a singular coincidence another Samuel 
Fuller, the son of Robert Fuller, of Salem, 
was killed at Rehoboth, March 25, 1675, but a 

few months before. He married Mary . 

The following children are mentioned in his 
will: I. Thomas. 2. Jabez, mentioned below. 
3. Timothy, resided at Haddam, Connecticut; 
married Sarah Gates. 4. Matthew, died un- 
married at Barnstable in 1697; bequeathed 
half his land at jMiddleborough to his mother 
and half to his brother Timothy. 5. Anne, 
married, April 29, 1689, Joseph Smith, of 
Barnstable, born December 6, 1667, died 1746. 
6. Abigail. 7. Samuel (posthumous), born 
1676, married Elizabeth Thacher. 

(VI) Jabez, son of Lieutenant Samuel Ful- 
ler, was born at Plymouth in 1660. He was 
a farmer at Middleborough and Barnstable. 
He married Mercy Hallett. Children, born at 
Barnstable: i. Samuel, February 23, 1687. 
2. Jonathan, March 10, 1692, mentioned be- 
low. 3. Mercy, April i, 1696, married, March 
17, 1719-20. 4. Lois, born September 23, 1704, 
married, November 25. 1725, Thomas Foster. 
5. Ebenezer, February 20, 1708, married Mar- 
tha Jones, January I, 1729. 6. Mary. 7. 
Hannah. 

(VII) Jonathan, son of Jabez Fuller, was 
born at Plymouth, March 10, 1692. He went 
with the family to jMiddleborough, where he 
was a farmer. He married (first) February 
14, 1711-12. Eleanor Bennett, who died Sep- 
tember 28. 1721 ; (second) December 17, 1729, 
Hannah Harlow, of an old Plymouth family. 
Children, born at Middleborough, of first wife : 
I. Margaret, November 17, 1712. 2. Abigail, 
March 11, 1 714-15. 3. Jabez, mentioned be- 
low. 4. Jonathan Jr., July 13, 1719. 5. Tim- 
othy, January, 1721. 6. Molly, September 11, 
1725. Child of second wife: 7. Eleanor, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1730-31. 

(VIII) Jabez (2), son of Jonathan Fuller, 
was born at Middleborough, July 17, 171 7. He 
married Hannah Pratt. He was a farmer in 
his native town. Children, born in Middle- 
borough : Sarah. Peter, Lucy, Zenas, Betsey, 



STATE OF MAINE. 



>9 



John, Amos, Rev. Andrew, mentioned Ijelow. 
Hannah. 

(IX) Rev. Anth-ew, son of Jaliez (2) Ful- 
ler, was born in Middleborough, May 18, 1761. 
He enlisted in the revolutionary army when 
he was but sixteen, as stated in the records, 
and shown by the date, March 5, 1777, for 
three years. He was first assigned to Cap- 
tain Joseph Tupper's company of Middlebor- 
ough. He was in Captain Nehemiah Allen's 
company, Colonel Sprout's I'^ourth Plymouth 
Regiment, February 19, 1778; also in Captain 
Wadsworth's company, Colonel Gamaliel Brad- 
ford's regiment, enlisted for three years. He 
was at Valley Forge in Washington's army in 
the terrible winter of 1777-78. He was pro- 
moted sergeant when but seventeen years of 
age, in the same regiment, under Captain John 
Fuller, and afterward was sergeant of Captain 
Zebulon King's company, Lieutenant Colonel 
John Brook's regiment (the Seventh Ply- 
mouth). He was court-martialed on the 
charge of disobeying orders and using inso- 
lent language, and was sentenced to be re- 
duced, but he must have been restored to his 
rank as sergeant almost immediately. He was 
certainly sergeant in 1781-82, in Captain 
King's company. Lieutenant John Brooks' reg- 
iment. He was court-martialed the second 
time for overstaying his furlough ten hours, 
but he proved his tardiness was due to lame- 
ness and unavoidable, and was acquitted. The 
records give his age in 1781-82 as twenty 
years, also as twenty-one; his height as six 
feet; complexion dark (also given as brown) ; 
his occupation, farmer; his birthplace and resi- 
dence, JMiddleborough. He was again court- 
martialed March i, 1782, on the charge of 
overstaying his leave for three days, but was 
again acquitted. He was discharged June 13, 
1783, his term of enlistment having expired, by 
General Washington himself, as stated in the 
Massachusetts archives. He was living in 
Warren (now Maine) in 1801, and was de- 
clared entitled according to the resolves of 
March 14, 1801, and June 19, 1801, to gratui- 
ties, etc., from the state. He had a record of 
long and hard service from the time he could 
enter the army until the close of the war. He 
removed, after the revolution, to Maine, and 
studied for the ministry in the Baptist denomi- 
nation. He was ordained an evangelist at 
Nobleborough, Maine, in 1788; was pastor on 
Muscongus" Island until 1798; preached at 
Hope, Maine, from 1799 to 1803, when he was 
settled as pastor of the Baptist church at War- 
ren and continued in that pastorate the re- 
mainder of his life, a period of twenty years. 



He was a sturdy Christian minister, suffer- 
ing cheerfully the hardships of a pioneer life, 
of sterling character and a vital influence for 
a generation in that section. He died January 

21, 1820. He married Hannah Richards, of 
Bristol, Maine, who died March 13, 1845, at 
the advanced age of ninety-one years. Chil- 
dren : I. Captain William Oliver; in command 
of the sloop "Peggy" he was captured by a 
privateer in the war of 1812 and died in the 
British prison at Halifax, Nova Scotia, No- 
vember 21, 1813; married IMary Mclntyre. 

2. Andrew, born 1787. 3. Sarah, 1788, mar- 
ried James Chaples. 4. Peter, mentioned be- 
low. 5. Priscilla, died young. 

(X) Peter, son of Rev. Andrew Fuller, was 
born at Warren, Maine, April 30, 1791, died 
there March 20, 1866. He was a well-to-do 
farmer and influential citizen in his native 
town, where he filled the usual town offices, 
and for twenty-five years was sheriff of Lin- 
coln county. He married Phoebe Dunbar, in 
181 1. Children, born at Warren: i. Andrew, 
born March 26, 1812, died aged five days. 2. 
Belinda W., August 4. 1813, marrie'd, Octo- 
ber 25, 1846, Samuel Bralcy. died January 

22, 1896. 3. William. Oliver, February 11, 
i8i6, died October 1.4. igoS. mentioned be- 
low. 4. Daniel Dunbar, April 5, 1818, mar- 
ried Mary White, of Boston, died at Rock- 
land, November 6, 1876. 5. Andrew, May 

3, 1820. married, 184 1, Sarah Braley and, 
October 17, 1855, Elizabeth Gay, and died 
at Albany, New York. 6. INIary W., May 
16, 1822. married Deacon Calvin Bick- 
ford. 7. Phoebe A., August 21, 1826. died 
young. 8. Eliza A. Barker (adopted), August 
I, 1831. 

(XI) William Oliver, son of Peter Fuller, 
was born in Warren, February 11, 1816. He 
attended the public schools of his native town 
and after completing his education taught in 
schools in that vicinity. In 1836 he started in 
business as a storekeeper and manufacturer of 
lime and was in that business for a number 
of years there and in St. George. In 1844 he 
rernoved to East Thomaston (now Rockland), 
Maine, and laid the foundations of the dry 
goods business now carried on by the Fuller- 
Cobb Company, with which he was identified 
to the time of his death, October 14, 1908. at 
the advanced age of ninety-two years eight 
months. To the end his faculties remained 
and he took enjoyment in the progress of 
events. His life was well-ordered, and while 
not conspicuous, furnished an excellent ex- 
ample of the success that follows in the train 
of the old-fashioned New England attribute? 



2C 



STATE OF MAINE. 



of honesty and thrift. The sermon preached 
at his finieral had for its theme, "Character," 
illustrated by references to the career and 
achievements of the deceased. He married, 
August 12, 1841, Bethiah C. Snow, of Thom- 
aston, Maine, born April 22, 1823, daughter 
of Robert Snow, of Thomaston. (See sketch 
of Snow family elsewhere.) She is a descend- 
ant of Stephen Hopkins, who came in the 
"Mayflower." Mrs. Fuller at eighty-six con- 
tinues in excellent health. Only a short time 
before Mr. Fuller's death the couple celebrated 
the sixty-seventh anniversary of their mar- 
riage. Children: i. Adela Snow, born Au- 
gust II, 1842, married Cyrus C. Hills, of 
Boston, December 12, 1867, now resides in 
Rockland. 2. iMartha Cobb, September 19, 
1844, married John Reed, of Damariscotta, 
Maine, February 15, 1881. 3. Ambrose S., 
June 20, 1846, drowned at sea, September, 
1861. 4. Mary, November 21. 1852, married 
Edward L. Veazie, October 20, 1880, resides 
in Rockland. 5. William Oliver Jr., Febru- 
ary 3, 1856, mentioned below. 6. Frank 
Washburn, August 24, i860, married Harriet 
O. Watts; (second) Grace Cobb Andrews. 

(XII) William Oliver, son of William Oli- 
ver Fuller, was born in Rockland, February 3, 
1856. He was educated in the public schools 
of Rockland and at the Kent's Hill Seminary. 
A natural aptitude for writing led him into 
newspaper work. In 1874 he founded the 
Rockland Courier and conducted it success- 
fully for eight years, when, in 1882, it was 
consolidated with the Rockland Ga::cttc, under 
the name of The Coiiricr-Gacclte. Tiiis print- 
ing and publishing business was incorporated 
in 1892 under the name of the Rockland Pub- 
lishing Company, of which he is treasurer and 
Arnold H. Jones is president. Mr. Fuller con- 
tinues editor and manager of the newspaper. 
He has a distinguishing sense of humor 
and is an entertaining editorial writer. The 
Courier-Gazette has been a wholesome in- 
fluence in the community. Mr. Fuller is 
known as a witty after-dinner speaker and 
public lecturer, and has some reputation as 
a writer of humorous books and newspaper 
sketches. He is a prominent Republican. 
From 1880 to 1885 he was city clerk of Rock- 
land, and represented the third ward in the 
common council, of which he was president in 
1892. He was appointed to his present office 
of postmaster in Rockland by President Roose- 
velt in 1902. He is connected with Masonry 
as a iiicaibtr of Aurora Lodge, No. 50; of 
King Solomon Temple Chapter, No. 8, Royal 
Arch Masons ; and of King Hiram Council, 



No. 6, Royal and Select Masters. He is a 
member of the Maine Historical Society, of the 
Maine Society of the Sons of the American 
Revolution, and of the i2mo Club. He has 
traveled extensively, recently visiting the an- 
cient home of his Fuller ancestors in England. 
His home, "Pickwick Place," with its unique 
literary treasures, notably in Dickensiana, has 
been visited by many literary persons. He is 
a member of the Baptist cliurch. 

Mr. I'^uller married (first) October 25, 1882, 
Elizabeth N. Jones, born July 4, 1861. died 
June 8, 1890, daughter of Nathaniel and Sarah 
(Woodcock) Jones. He married (second) 
March 29, 1892, Kathleen M. Stephens, born 
January 30, i86g, daughter of Richard and 
Sophia Stephens, of Baldwin, Kansas (both 
native of Cornwall, England). ;\lrs. Fuller is 
descended from the famous Glanville family 
of England. Children of first wife: 1. Doug- 
las Wardwell, born September 9, 1884, grad- 
uated from the United States Naval Academy 
at Annapolis in 1906, promoted to ensign in 
1908. 2. Donald Hills, August 4, 1886. 3. 
Elizabeth Jones, June 23, 1887, Child of sec- 
ond wife : 4. Richard Stearns, May 22, 1894. 



(For preceding generations see John Fuller I.) 

(HI) Edward Fuller, son of 
FULLER Robert Fuller (2), was baptized 
.September 4, 1575, at Reden- 
hall, county Norfolk, England ; came in the 
"Mayflower" to Plymouth with the Pilgrims 
in 1620, with his famous brother, Dr, Samuel 
Fuller, and was one of the signers of the 
compact on board the ship before landing. He 
probably joined the "Mayflower" company at 
Southampton, England. Both he and his wife 
died early in 1621, leaving a son Samuel, men- 
tioned below. 

(I\') Samuel, son of Edward Fuller, came 
in the "Mayflower" to New England with his 
parents, who died and left him an orphan. He 
went to live with his uncle, Dr. Samuel Ful- 
ler, who was the first physician in the country 
He had three shares in the division of land in 
1624, out of respect to his father and mother. 
He was the executor of his uncle's will in 
1633. He was admitted a freeman in 1634. 
He removed from Plymouth to Scituate, where 
he married, April 8, 1635, Jane Lothrop, 
daughter of Rev, John Lothrop. He joined 
the church at Scituate by letter from Ply- 
mouth, November 7, 1636, and built in the 
same year the fifteenth house in Scituate, on 
Greenfield street, the first lot abutting on Kent 
street. He owned twenty acres in the east 
part of Bell House Neck. He was a resi- 



STATE OF MAINE. 



21 



dent of Barnstable as early as 1641, accord- 
ing to the church records, lie was certainly 
an inhabitant there January 1, i'')44, and his 
cousin Matthew came later. The town of 
Barnstable bought of the Secunke Indians 
land called Scorton or Sandy Neck, set off the 
arable land, and reserved the rest for common 
!and, and afterward divided it. The Fuller 
cousins lived on this land. Samuel F'uller also 
bought a meadow of his cousin Matthew, which 
had previonsly been owned by Major John 
Freeman, and mcadowland of Samuel House. 
He resided in the northwest angle of Barn- 
stable, in a secluded spot, where travcllcr.s sel- 
dom passed. He was seldom in public life. 
He was constable of Scituate in 1641, and 
sometimes juror. He was sometimes appointed 
to settle dit^culties with the Indians. Unlike 
his cousin, he was retired and very pious. Mat- 
thew was a Puritan, but ambitious and ener- 
getic. Samuel Fuller died in Barnstable, Oc- 
tober 31, 1683, and was the only settler of 
that town who came over in the "Mayflower." 
In 1679 he was one of twelve survivors of 
that famous voyage. His will was dated Octo- 
ber 29, 1683. irle married, April 8, 1635, Jane 
Lothrop. The ceremony took place at i\Ir. 
Cudworth's and was performed by Captain 
Miles Standish. Children, born at Scituate: 

I. Hannah, married, January i, 1658-59, Nich- 
olas Bonhaur. 2. Samuel, baptized February 

II, 1637-38, mentioned below. 3. Elizabeth, 

married Taylor. 4. Sarah, baptized at 

Barnstable, August i, 1641, died young. 5. 
Mary, baptized June 16, 1644, married, No- 
vember 18, 1674, Joseph Williams, son of John 
Williams, of Haverhill. 6. Thomas, born i\Iay 
18, 1650, probably died young. 7. Sarah, born 

December 14, 1654, married Crow. 8. 

John, "Little" John to his son Matthew. 9. 
Child, born February 8, 1658, died aged fif- 
teen days. 

(V) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Ful- 
ler, was baptized February 11, 1637-38, at 
Scituate. He married Anna Fuller, daughter 
of his uncle, Captain Matthew Fuller. Her 
father was born in England, and came in the 
"Mayflower" to New England, but on the 
death of his parents returned to England; 
later he came back and applied for admission 
as a freeman September 7, 1642, qualifying 
June 7, 1653. Matthew Fuller was one of the 
leading men of the colony ; was first sergeant, 
then lieutenant in Captain Miles Standish's 
company. The company intended to march 
against the Dutch in New York, but peace be- 
tween England and Holland was concluded 
before thev had started. Matthew Fuller was 



a prominent Indian fighter and served in King 
Philip's war ; he was de|)uty to the general 
court in 1653. The inventory of Samuel Ful- 
ler's estate was filed December 29, 1691, and 
his widow was not living at that time. The 
estate was settled by agreeinent December 30, 
i6gi, all the heirs signing the agreement by 
mark. Children, born at Barnstable: i. Mat- 
thew, married, I""ebruary 25, 1692-93, Patience 
Young. 2. Barnabas, mentioned below. 3. 
Joseph, married Thankful Blossom. 4. Ben- 
jamin. 5. Desire. 6. Sarah. 

(\T) Barnabas, son of Samuel (2) I'"uller, 
resided at Barnstable. He inarried, February 
25, 1680-81, Elizabeth 'S'oung. Children, born 
at Barnstable: i. Samuel, November, 1681. 

2. Isaac, .\ugust, 1684, mentioned below. 3. 
Hannah, September, 1688. 4. Ebenezer, mar- 
ried Martha Jones. 5. Josiah, married .\nn 
Rowley. 

(VH) Isaac, son of Barnabas Fuller, was 
born in August, 1684, in Barnstable, and re- 
sided there. He married, July 9, 1719, Jerusha 
Lovell. Children, born in Barnstable: i. Eli, 
April II, 1720, married, 1746, Mercy Rogers, 
of Harwich. 2. Mehitable, March 10, 1722- 
23, married, October 30, 1740, Thoinas Ames. 

3. Jerusha, January 19, 1725-26, married John 
Green, of Falmouth. 4. Zaccheus, October 16, 
1727, married, February 22, 1752, .Sarah Jones. 
5. Charity, December 11, 1729, married, Au- 
gust 7, 1760, Silas Lovell. 6. Isaac, Septem- 
ber, 1 73 1, married Susan Wadsworth. 7. 
Seth, i\Iay 29, 1734, mentioned below. 8. Han- 
nah, April 9, 1736. 

(VIII) Seth, son of Isaac Fuller, was born 
in Barnstable, May 29, '1734. He was one of 
the brothers who came from Barnstable about 
the close of the revolution, of whom two set- 
tled in Kennebec county. Chief Justice Ful- 
ler is a descendant of one of them. Seth Ful- 
ler settled in Fairfield, Somerset county, 
Maine, and built one of the first frame houses 
in the town, and in his house was held the 
first town meeting. He was a leading citizen 

of the town. Fle married . Children. 

born at Barnstable or at Fairfield, Maine: i. 
Benjamin, mentioned below. 2. Seth Jr. 3. 
Thankful, married Nathaniel Blackwell and 
theirs was the first marriage in Fairfield ; Mr. 
Blackwell was a representative to the gen- 
eral court of Massachusetts and for twelve 
years used to drive to Boston to attend the 
sessions of the legislature there. 4. .Abigail. 
5. IMercy. 6. Hannah. 

(IX) Benjamin, son of Seth Fuller, was 
born in Fairfield, Maine, about 1775-80. He 
was educated in Fairfield and followed farm- 



22 



STATE OF MAINE. 



ing there all his active life. He married De- 
liverance Jones, daughter of Ephraim and Pa- 
tience Jones, who came also from Barnstable, 
descended from one of the oldest and best 
known families of that town. Benjamin Ful- 
ler died in 1815 in Fairfield and his wife sev- 
eral years later. Children, born in Fairfield : 
I. Edward, 1804. 2. John Jones, July 22, 
1806, mentioned below. 3. Abigail Nye, mar- 
ried Franklin Blackwell, of Winslow, Maine. 
4. Warren, who was a farmer at Fairfield. 

(X) John Jones, son of Benjamin Fuller, 
was born in Fairfield, July 22, 1806. He was 
reared on his father's farm and received a 
rather meagre schooling, but through his own 
efforts became well educated, acquiring a broad 
knowledge of the world and of literature. His 
father died when he was only nine years old, 
and from that time he did his share of the 
toil and drudgery on the farm. When he was 
twenty years old he engaged in trading in 
farm produce, finding a market in Bangor. 
Later he engaged in the hotel business and 
was for a time proprietor of the old Fairfield 
House, and in partnership with Colonel Eben 
Lawrence, under the firm name of Lawrence, 
Pratt & Company, general merchants. After 
many years of prosperous business in Fair- 
field he removed, in 1842, to Augusta, where 
he opened a retail grocery store with con- 
tinued success, and continued a popular and 
prosperous merchant during his active life. In 
1864 he disposed of the business to his son, 
James E., and retired. He was associated in 
the lumber business for a number of years 
with his father-in-law, James Rogers. In poli- 
tics he was a Democrat ; in religion a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. He died 
in 1886. He married, December 24, 1840, 
Deborah Rogers, born in Peru, Clinton county, 
New York, September 8, 1815, daughter of 
James Jr. and Sarah (Keese) Rogers, and 
granddaughter of James Rogers, who went 
from Marshfield, Massachusetts, to New York, 
descendant of John Rogers, the Pilgrim an- 
cestor. Children: i. Abbie, born November 
10, 1841, married Rev. Perry Chandler, now 
a resident of Oregon ; children : Perry F. and 
Webster A. Chandler. 2. James Edward, born 
December 17, 1844, mentioned below. 3. John 
Martin, born December 11, 1846, died aged 
eighteen years. 5. Samuel Rogers, born 1853, 
engaged for some years in the book business in 
Augusta, Maine ; now living in the south ; 
married Frances Chick; children: Plarry, Em- 
ma (twin), Grace (twin), Thaddeus C, James 
E. 

(XI) James Edward, son of John Jones Ful- 



ler, was born December 17, 1844, at Augusta, 
Maine. He was educated in the common 
schools of Augusta, and then entered upon 
his business career as clerk in his father's store. 
In 1864 he succeeded his father as proprietor 
of the grocery store and he conducted it suc- 
cessfully to 1902, when he devoted his atten- 
tion exclusively to the wholesale business in 
partnership with his son John. At first the 
firm name was the Fuller Wholesale Grocery 
and Grain Company, later the Fuller, Halloway 
Grocery Company, and a very large and flour- 
ishing business has been established. Mr. Ful- 
ler stands high in the business world antl has 
the respect and confidence of all who know 
him. Few business men in Augusta have been 
in business there for a longer time, thirty- 
eight years, and few are better known or more 
enterprising and successful. Mr. Fuller is a 
Democrat in politics and has served his party 
and city in various positions of trust and hon- 
or. He was city treasurer in 1903 and has 
been a member of the common council. He is 
an active and consistent member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church and has been chairman 
of its board of trustees for a number of years. 
He married, March 21, 1867, Emily How- 
ard, born in Sidney, Maine, daughter of Col- 
umbus and Lucy (Hammond) Howard, grand- 
daughter of Major Ruel Howard, who was a 
native of Bridgewater, Massachusetts. (See 
sketch of the Howard family herewith.) Chil- 
dren of James Edward and Emily Fuller: i. 
Florence, born July 21, 1868, married, April 
27, 1895, Thomas C. Ingraham; children: 
James Fuller, Deborah, Horace and Howard 
Ingraham. 2. John H., born December 10, 
1869, member of father's firm; married Fran- 
ces Elliott, of Elmira, New York. 3. Edith 
M., born January 18, 1879, niarried Henry T. 
Elmore, of Elmira, New York. 4. James Mar- 
tin, born July 26, 1882, died May 15, 1905. 



Melville Weston Fuller, Chief 
FULLER Justice of the L'nited States, 

traces his descent in unbroken 
line from two of the most important families 
of the Plymouth Colony, and numbers among 
his forbears lawyers and jurists of marked 
ability. (The ancestry down to Matthew 
(VI) is contained in previous pages.) 

(VI) Matthew, son of Samuel and 
Ann (Fuller) Fuller, was born in Barnstable, 
Massachusetts, in 1659, and died in Colches- 
ter, Connecticut, before 1744. He settled in 
Colchester in 1713, and was baptized at the 
First Church there December 12, 1734. He 
married, February 25, 1692, Patience Young, 




'^N?^-<> ^-a;;^^ 



^^llcrvilTc ^S?. ^^ulTct, 



a^icj yAic. 't. ^. ^ 



uptcinc V^ci 



STATi: (JF .MAINE. 



23 



born about lOju, diccl June 2, 174O, claiigntLT 
of George and Hannah (^I'inson) Young, of 
Scituate. Cliildrou : i. .\nna, born November, 
1693. 2. Jonathan, born October, 1696. 3. 
Content, born I''ebruary, i6y8. 4. Jean, bora 
1704, dietl 1708. 5. David, born 1706, (Hed 
young. 6. Young, born 1708 (^ce post). 7. 
Corneliu.s, born 1710. 8. Hannah, born 1712. 

(\'ll) Young, son of Matthew and I'atience 
(Young) Fuller, was born in Barnstable, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1708. He was about five years 
old when his parents removed to that part of 
Windsor, Connecticut, which now is Elling- 
ton, and after 1767 he made his home with 
the family of his son Joshua, in Ludlow, where 
he died in 1796. The house in which his 
corpse was laid took fire, his body being re- 
moved to a neighbor's. He married, April 23, 
1730, Jerusha, daughter of Jonathan and 
Bridget (Brockv^-ay) Beebe, of East Haddam, 
Connecticut. Children: i. John, born Sep- 
tember 9, 1 73 1. 2. David, born 1733. 3. Ca- 
leb, born 1735- 4. Jerusha, born July 30, 
1737. 5. Lydia, baptized December 13, 1741. 
6. Anne, baptized March 15. 1747. 

(\'ni) Caleb, son of Young and Jerusha 
(Beebe) Fuller, was born in Colchester, Con- 
necticut, in 1735. He removed to Ellington in 
1747. He graduated from Yale College in 
1758, and received the degree of A. M. in 
1762. He is called Deacon in some records, 
and Reverend in others. He married, Octo- 
ber 28. 1762, Hannah \\'eld, (laughter of Rev. 
Habijah Weld, the famous minister who 
preached at Attleboro, Massachusetts, for 
fifty-five years. Rev. Habijah Weld was son 
of Rev. Thomas Weld, the first minister of 
Dunstable, and great-grandson of Rev. Thom- 
as Weld, the first minister of Ro.xbury, Mas- 
sachusetts. Caleb Fuller removed in 1771 to 
Middletown, Connecticut, and in 1790 to Han- 
over, New Hampshire, where he died .August 
20, 1815. 

(IX) Captain Henry Weld P\iller, son of 
Caleb and Hannah (Weld) Fuller, w^as born 
in Middletown, Connecticut. January i, 1783, 
and died January 29, 1841. Pie graduated 
from Dartmouth College in 1801. studied for 
the legal profession, and in 1803 settled for 
practice in Augusta, ^Nlaine. He was county 
attorney in 1826, and judge of probate for 
Kennebec county from 1828 until the time of 
his death (very suddenly) in Boston, January 
29, 1841. He married, January 7, 1806, Esther 
Gould, daughter of Captain Benjamin Gould, 
of Newburyport, Massachusetts. Captain 
Gould led a company of thirty minute-men 
from Topsfield to Lexington, on the alarm of 



.\pril 19, 1775, and m that battle received a 
wound which left ujxjn his cheek a scar for 
life; he was commissioned captain in the Con- 
tinental army, and after the battle of liunkcr 
Hill was the last man to cross Charleslown 
Neck on the retreat ; and he was i)resent at 
the battles of White I'lains, Bennington and 
Stillwater, and commanded the main guard at 
West Point, when .\riiold lied after the cap- 
ture of Major .Andre. Among Captain Gould's 
children was Benjamin Aplithorp, a distin- 
guished educator, who was head master of the 
Boston Latin School (1814-28) and made it 
the most famous pre] aratory school in the 
United States, and was author of Latin text- 
books and classic translations from that lan- 
guage. A daughter of Captain Gould, Han- 
nah Flagg Gould, was a poetess of note in her 
day. Fier volume, "Hymns and Poems for 
Children," is yet prized in many homes. 

(X) F"rederick .Augustus, son of Captain 
Henry Weld and Esther (Gould) Fuller, was 
born October 5, 1806. He read law under 
his father, was admited to the bar, and prac- 
ticed at .Augusta and Orono, Maine. He was 
chairman of the board of county commissioners 
of Penobscot county. He died January 29, 
1841. He married, May 17, 1830, Catherine 
Martin, daughter of Nathan and Pauline 
(Bass) Cony. Her father was the second 
Chief Justice of Maine, and her maternal 
grandfather, Daniel Cimy, was also a jurist of 
note. 

(XI) Chief Justice Melville We.ston Fuller, 
son of Frederick Augustus and Catherine 
(Weston) Fuller, was born in .Augusta, Maine, 
February 11, 1833. He was afforded excellent 
educational advantages. He was prepared for 
college at .Augusta and went to Bowdoin Col- 
lege in 1849, and from which he was graduated 
in 1853, afterward entering the Dane Law 
School of Harvard University, and receiving 
his degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1855. He 
entered upon practice in Augusta, and while 
enduring the wait for clients which marks the 
beginning of every lawyer, employed his spare 
time in newspaper work — a circumstance to 
which is doubtless due somewhat of the literary 
facility which has formed a marked feature in 
his career. In this connection it is pleasing 
to reproduce some excellent verses written by 
Mr. Fuller years afterward, on the occasion 
of the death of General Grant, which show at 
once a loyal feeling of gratitude for the serv- 
ices of the great soldier, and a true poetic 
thought and diction — a power of composition 
rare in the learned, practiced and successful 
lawyer. 



24 



STATE OF MAINE. 



Let tbe drum to trumpet speak — 
The trumpet to tlie cannoneer witliout — 
The cannon to the heavens from each redoubt. 

Each lowly valley and each lofty peak. 
As to his rest the Great Commander goes 
Into the pleasant land of earned repose. 

Not In the battles won, 
Though long the well-fought fields may keep their name. 

But in the wide world's sense ot duty doue. 
The gallant soldier finds the meed of fame ; 
His life no struggle for ambitions prize. 
Simply the duty done that next him lies. 

Earth to its kindred earth ; 
The spirit to the fellowship of souls ! 
As. slowly. Time the mighty scroll unrolls 

Of waiting age.s yet to have their birth. 
Fame, faithful to the faithful, writes on high 
His name as one that was not born to die. 

An interesting incidenl connected with lii^ 
journalistic experience may be mentioned the 
fact that while Mr. Fuller was acting as re- 
porter for the Augiista Age (of which his 
uncle, B. A. C. Fuller, and himself were pub- 
lishers) in the Maine House of Representa- 
tives, James G. Blaine was engaged in a simi- 
lar capacity in the Senate for the Kciincbcc 
Jouriial. Though political opponents, then and 
in after life, the two men were always per- 
sonal friends, and at last, by a curious coinci- 
dence, found themselves together in Washing- 
ton—the one as Chief Justice of the United 
States, and the other as Secretary of State. 

Mr. Fuller, while practicing in Augusta, 
was elected city attorney at the age of twenty- 
three, and also president of the common coun- 
cil. In 1856 he visited Chicago, where he 
happened to meet Mr. S. K. Dow, from York 
county, Maine, a practicing lawyer. .\ part- 
ner of Mr. Dow was just retiring from the 
firm, and Mr. Dow offered Mr. Fuller a place 
in his office, either as partner or as a clerk 
at a salary of fifty dollars per month. He 
chose the latter, and worked on those terms 
for five months, living within his income. Be- 
fore a year had passed he enjoyed a consider- 
able and remunerative business, and in which 
he continued until he left the bar for the Su- 
preme Court. His legal career was strongly 
marked with industry, persistency and brilliant 
success. During his thirty years practice he 
was engaged in as many as three thousand 
cases at the Chicago bar. He affected no 
specialty in his profession, conducting a gen- 
eral practice, practically excluding divorce law 
and criminal law, in which class of cases his 
name scarcely appears. Among his most im- 
portant cases may be mentioned: Field vs. 
Letter; the Chicago Lake Front case; Storey 
vs. Storey; Storey vs. Storey E.state ; Hyde 
Park vs. Chicago ; Carter vs. Carter, etc., and 
the noted ecclesiastical trial of Bishop Cheney 
on the charge of heresy. He was engaged in 
many cases in the Supreme Court of the 



United States, and his first is reportetl in II 
Wallace, 108, and his last in 131 U. S., 371. 

Mr. Fuller's partnership with Mr. Dow con-^ 
tinued until i860. From 1862 to 1864 his 
firm was Fuller & Ham, then Fuller, Ham & 
Shepard for two years, and for two years 
thereafter Fuller & Shepard. In i86g he re- 
ceived as partner his cousin, Joseph E. Smith, 
son of Governor Smith, of Maine. This was 
terminated in 1877, after which he was alone. 
His business was only such as he cared to 
accept, and his professional income during hi,' 
later practicing years has been estimated at 
$20,000 to $30,000 per annum. 

Mr. Fuller took an early interest in politic.-, 
a staunch Democrat, he became, by sympalh 
and personal regard an earnest adherent of 
Senator Stephen A. Douglas, and on the death 
of the great statesman, June 3, 1861, he was 
made a member of the committee having 
charge of the funeral ceremonies. In autumn 
of the same year JMr. Fuller was elected a 
member of the Illinois Constitutional Conven- 
tion which assembled in 1862. He reported to 
that body the resolutions in memory of Senator 
Douglas, and made one of the opening ad- 
dresses of appreciation on that occasion. In 
1864 he was elected to the lower house of the 
Illinois legislature, and as a Unionist (not a 
Republican or anti-slaveryite) gave to the sup- 
port of the national government the same 
strenuous effort that was affonled by the sup- 
porters of Senator Douglas generally. He was 
a delegate to the Democratic national conven- 
tions of 1864, 1872, 1876 and 1880, always 
taking an active interest. Immediately after 
the election of Mr. Cleveland as president for 
his term, Mr. Fuller called upon him in Al- 
bany, and Mr. Cleveland at once conceived for 
him a high appreciation. On the death of 
Chief Justice Waite, it seemed desirable that 
his successor should be taken from the West, 
and Mr. Fuller's liberal education, high legi.=- 
lative ability, lofty professional Stan: ard, 
marked industry and command of language — 
all these, combined with his devotion to the 
principles of the party for which President 
Cleveland was the chosen exponent for the 
nation, made him a logical choice for the po- 
sition, which was accordingly offered him. j\Ir. 
Fuller, highly appreciating the high and un- 
expected honor, hesitated. 1 le was not am- 
bitious of distinction, and his large family 
necessitated his most careful consideration as 
to whether he could afford a position which 
would reward him less liberally than did his 
profession. He, however, consented, and on 
April 30, 1888, President Cleveland nominated 



STA ri'. ( )l'" MAIM':. 



25 



him l\<i- Lhk-i Justice ul llic L'liitcd Slate.-., and 
lie was confirmed by the Senate on July 20, 
and took the oath of office October 8, 1888. 

Mr. IniUcr receiveil the det^ree of LL. D. 
from the .Xorthwestern l'niver.sity and from 
lUnvdoiu College in 1S88; from Harvard in 
i8yo; and from Vale and Dartmouth in lyoi. 
He is chancellor of the .Smithsonian Institute; 
chairman of tlie hoard of trustees of the Pea- 
body Kducatii_)n I'lmd; \'ice-]iresident of the 
John 1'. Slater fund ; iucm!)er of board of trus- 
tees of ISowdoin Colle,i;e ; was oneof thearbitra- 
tors to settle the boundary line between Venezu- 
ela and llritish (iuinea, i'aris, 1899: was a mem- 
ber of llie arbitral tribunal in the matter of the 
Muscat Downs, The Hague, 1905; is a mem- 
ber of the permanent Court of Arbitration, 
The Hague ; and received the thanks of con- 
gress, December 20, i88y. .As Chief Justice 
he has administered the official oath to Presi- 
dents Harrison, Cleveland, McKinlev and 
Taft. 

Mr. Fuller married (first) in 1858, Calista 
O., daughter of Eri Reynolds, and (second) 
May 30, 1866, Mary E., daughter of William 
F. Coolbaugh. a leading citizen of Chicago. 
She died .April 17, 1904, when the Chief Jus- 
tice practically retired from society. 



The name of Fuller is derived 
FULLER from the trade so called, mean- 
ing to mill or scour woolen 
cloth. In all probability this surname origi- 
nated in the county of Suffolk, formerly the 
chief seat of the W'Oolen manufacturing in- 
dustry in England, and it became a prominent 
one in the southeastern counties. John Ful- 
ler, supposed to have come over with Gov- 
ernor Winthrop, settled at Cambridge Vil- 
lage (now New-ton) in 1644. Thomas Ful- 
ler, wdio arrived from the mother country in 
1638, located first in Woburn and later in 
Middleton. John Fuller, of Ipswich, and an- 
other John PAiller, who settled in Saugus or 
Lynn, were both early immigrants and have 
often been mistaken for one and the same 
person. Another Thomas Fuller appears in 
the records of Dedham. Massachusetts, as a 
resident there in 1642, and his grandson John 
resided in Roxbury until 1733. 

(I) Ebenezer Fuller, a revolutionary sol- 
dier, was born in Roxbury, January 16, 1760, 
and resided in Boston. It is more than prob- 
able that he was a descendant of the Ded- 
ham settler previously referred to, but his 
line of descent could not be found in any of 
the records consulted. His death occurred in 
i8og. He was married May 5, 1793, to Lydia 



Goddard, born November 25, 1772, died Au- 
gust 11, 1828, ])resumably in Uoston. Their 
children were: Henrietta, Nabby G., Abigail, 
Thomas Jefferson and John. 

(II) John, \t)ungest child of Ebenezer and 
Lydia (Goddard) Fuller, was born in Rox- 
bury, December 18 or 28, i8o6. Having 
adopted the occupation which his name implies, 
that of a fuller or cloth-finisher, he followed . 
it in Lancaster, Massachusetts, for some time, 
and for twenty years thereafter he was in the 
comb-finishing business. John Er.Iler died 
1881. In his later years he supported the Re- 
publican part}-. He was a member of the Uni- 
tarian church. In 1827 he married Sophronia 
O. W. Adams, born in .Ashburiiham, Massa- 
chusetts, March 31, 1806, daughter of Samuel 
Adams, also born in Ashburnham. both born in 
the same house. Her death occurred May 3, 
1887. She became the mother of nine chil- 
dren, but four of whom — Sophronia, Eben, 
Sidney T. and Edward — are now living ; the 
others were : John, Henrietta, Abbie, Lydia 
and Eleanor. 

(HI) Sidne_\- Thomas, third son and fourth 
child of John and Sophronia O. W. (Adams) 
Fuller, was born in Shirley, Massachusetts, 
February 2, 1836. From the Lancaster public 
schools he entered the Wilbraham (Massachu- 
setts) Academy, and after completing the reg- 
ular course at that well-know-n institution, pur- 
sued a scientific course at Cambridge, giving 
his special attention to civil engineering. Turn- 
ing his attention to railway construction, he 
was employed in the building of the Burlington 
and Missouri River line, and subsequently en- 
tering the service of the Philadelphia, Wil- 
mington and Baltimore Railroad Company, 
was for seventeen years in charge of the main- 
tainance of way. Mr. Fuller was assistant 
engineer of construction of the first long 
bridge over the Susquehanna river at Havre 
de Grace, Maryland; built the first railway 
running into Mexico and was chief engineer 
and general superintendent of the r\Iexican 
railroad. As a recognized expert in the laying 
out and construction of railways and bridges 
he was secured by the railroad commissions of 
Massachusetts to examine and report the exact 
condition of railroads in that commonwealth, 
and in 1879-S0 he was similarly employed in 
the Russian Empire. In 1886 Mr. Fuller set- 
tled in Kennebunk and is still residing there. 
As secretary and treasurer of the local Loan 
and Building Association, he has labored dili- 
gently and effectively in its behalf for the past 
seventeen years, and he is otherwise concerned 
in the financial interests of the towm, having 



26 



STATE OF MAINE. 



been for nine years a director of the Ocean 
National Bank. He has served as a selectman, 
assessor and overseer of the poor ; represented 
his district in the lower branch of the state 
legislature for the years 1899-1903 ; and in 
politics is a Republican. He attends the Uni- 
tarian church. He is a Master Mason, be- 
longing to Havre de Grace Lodge, and also 
.affiliates with the Independent Order of Good 
Templars. 

On October 14, 1865, Mr. Fuller was united 
in marriage with Annette E., daughter of Dr. 
Orren and Elizabeth (Holden) Ross, of Ken- 
nebunk. Her grandparents were Simon and 
Mary (Perkins) Ross, of Kennebunk, and 
their eldest son, Orren, born September 14. 
18 1 2, acquired his early education in the dis- 
trict schools and at the North Brighton Acad- 
emy. At the age of fourteen years he en- 
tered the employ of Dixey Stone, a grocery 
merchant at Bridgton Centre, and prior to 
his majority he engaged in mercantile business 
for himself in Sweden, Oxford county, Maine. 
Selling his business in 1834, he turned his at- 
tention to teaching penmanship and later to the 
study of medicine. While a medical student 
at Bowdoin College he was for a period of 
three months an interne at the McLean Hos- 
pital in Boston, and receiving his degree with 
the class of 1839, he began the practice of his 
profession in Lyman. He subsequently re- 
moved to Kennebunk, residing there for the 
remainder of his life. Dr. Ross married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Daniel and Sarah (Walker) 
Holden, of Sweden. She bore him seven chil- 
dren : Annette E., Isabel M., Orren S., Frank 
M., Florence H., and two who died in infancy. 
Annette E. is the wife of Sidney T. Fuller, as 
previously stated. Isabel M. married H. B. 
Thompson. Florence H. married James K. 
Cross. Mr. and Mrs. Fuller have had two 
children : Florabel and Sophronia Elizabeth, 
neither of whom are now living. Mrs. Fuller 
died January 7, 1908. 



He married Frances 



who married 



(I) John Rogers, immigrant 
ROGERS ancestor, was living in Scituate 
in 1647 on a lot of land lying 
between that of Thomas Hicks and John 
Stockbridge. There is a tradition that his 
father was a brother of Rev. William With- 
erell's mother, who was daughter of John Rog- 
ers, the martyr, but there is no proof of this, 
and it seems doubtful if that could have been 
the case. John Rogers removed to Marsh- 
field, Massachusetts, about 1647, where he re- 
sided until early in 1661. He was fined there 
several times for not attending town meeting. 



(second) Walter Briggs, of Scituate. Walter 
Briggs' will was dated January 16, 1676-77, 
and proved June 4, 1684. John Rogers died 
about May, 1661, and his wife died in 1687. 
His will was dated February i, 1660, and 
proved June 5, 1661. Children, part probably 
born in England, the others in Scituate: i. 
John, mentioned below. 2. Joseph, married 
Abigail Barker. 3. Timothy, married Eunice 
Stetson; died 1728. 4. Ann, married (first) 
George Russell; (second) John Hudson. 5. 
i\Iary, married, 1656, John Rouse. 6. .\bigail, 
born in Scituate about 1645; married, January 
I, 1678-79, Timothy White. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Rogers, was 
born about 1632, probably in England, and 
died May 7, 1717, according to the church 
records. Fie joined the Quakers in 1660, and 
suffered more or less persecution on that ac- 
count. He was a resident of Marshfield, and 
was grand juryman in 1659. ^^ 1692 he was 
selectman, and assisted in running the line 
between Marshfield and Scituate. He was on 
a committee to lay out highways in 1692. In 
his will, dated May 9, 1718, proved June 24, 
1718, he describes himself as "aged." In 1708 
the Friends' "women's meetings" were held at 
his house part of the time. He married (first) 
October 8, 1656, Rhoda, born October 11, 1639, 
died about 1662, daughter of Elder Thomas 
King, of Scituate. He married (second) about 

1663, Elizabeth , who died September 

13, 1692. He married (third) Elizabeth 
-, who died May 9. 1705. Children of 



first wife, born in Marshfield: i. John, bap- 
tized August 23, 1657, married twice. 2. 
Thomas, mentioned below. 3. Rhoda, baptized 
August 3, 1662, died young. Children of sec- 
ond wife: 4. Abigail, born November 3, 1663, 
married, September 9, 1681, Nathaniel Cham- 
berlain. 5. Mary, born March 10, 1665, mar- 
ried, January 24, 1682, Samuel Daggett ; died 
April 15, 1690. 6. Johanna, born October 7, 
1667, married Judah Butler; died 1747. 7- 
Elizabeth, born December 19, 1669, married, 
May II, 1699, Hugh Copperthwaite ; died Au- 
gust 27, 1707. 

(Ill) Thomas, son of John (2) Rogers, was 
born in Marshfield, December 2, 1659, accord- 
ing to the town records, and December 25, 
1639, according to the Friends' records. He 
married, June 6, 1712, Bethiah, born March 
3, 1682-83, died January 23. 1756, daughter 
of Gershom and Mary Ewell. He died March 
6, 1745-46. His will was dated September 
10, 1745, and proved March 12, 1745-46. His 
widow's will was dated June 10, 1755, and 



STATE OF MAINE 



2J 



proved May ^, 1756. C!iil;lren, bom in Marsli- 
field: I. Rhoda, bom May 28, 1713. married, 
October 19, 1738, I'li'iijaniiii Wing; died April 
21, 1758. 2. Jobn, December 19, 17 14, mar- 
ried, December 29, 1737, Sarab Wing; died 
September 5, 1791. 3. Tbomas, October 28, 
1716, mentioned below. 4. liethiah, Septem- 
ber 29, 171S, married, Octol)er 1, 1741, Jobn 
Wady. 

(IV) Tbomas (2), son of Tl.omas ( i) Rog- 
ers, was born at Marsiifield, October 28, 1716, 
died December 6, 18 10. He married, Septem- 
ber 8, 1744. Deborah, born October 16, 1723, 
died December 8, 1807, daughter of Dr. Isaac 
and Deborah (Jacobs) Otis. Children, born in 
Marshfield: i. Rethia, February 9, 1745-46, 
married, June 10, 1777, Jonathan Slocum. 2. 
Hannah, October 4, 1747, married, July 6, 
1773, Joshua Dillingham. 3. Thomas, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1748-49, died September 29, 1752. 
4. Deborah, October 20, 1751, died unmarried 
l\Iarch 16, 1775. 5. Priscilla, February 27, 
1754, married, December 3, 1777, Mordecai 
Ellis; died September 8, 1850. 6. James, April 
16, 1756, mentioned below. 7. Abigail, Octo- 
ber 10, 1758. died unmarried November 29, 
1842. 8. Huldah, September 30, 1760, mar- 
ried, December 4, 1783, Tristram Russell. 9. 
Rhoda, February 23, 1762, died without issue. 
10. Lucy, March 21, 1765, died without issue. 

(V) James, son of Thomas (2) Rogers, was 
born in Marshfield, April 16, 1756, died No- 
vember 29, 1832. In 1812 he removed to 
Peru, Clinton county. New York, where he 
and his wife died. He married, March 5, 1787, 
Deborah, born November 14, 1762, died May 
4, 1813, daughter of Samuel and Mary (An- 
thony) Smith. Children, born at Marshfield: 
I. Deborah, August 28, 1788, married, Octo- 
ber 29, 1812, Jacob Willetts; died January 11, 
1880. 2. James, May 15, 1790, mentioned be- 
low. 3. Mary, July 19, 1792. 4. Hannah, 
June 18, 1794. 5. Samuel, January 27, 1797. 
6. Rhoda, June 21, 1799. 7. Thomas, Jan- 
uary 9, 1802. 

(VI) James (2), son of James (i) Rogers, 
was bom in Marshfield, May 15, 1790, and 
when a young man removed with his parents 
to Peru, New York. He married Sarah 
Keese, and had a child, Deborah, born in Peru. 
September 8. 181 5. She married, December 
24, 1840, John Jones Fuller. (See sketch of 
Fuller family.) 



The surnames Howard and 

HOWARD Hayward were once identical. 

.^mong the early settlers and 

their descendants the name was used inter- 



changeably, spelled Howard, Havvard, Ha- 
word, Havvoorth, etc. lleywood was also 
sometimes misspelled and the same spellings 
cited here used for that family. 

(I) John Howard, immigrant ancestor of 
the Bridgewater family, was born in England. 
He spelled his name Haward, but it was pro- 
nounced like Howard. Another family in 
Bridgewater at the same time, doubtless of 
the same ancestry, sijelled the name Hayward, 
though many of the later generations have also 
spelled their name Howard. John Howard 
was born in England. When a young man, 
he came to Plymouth and settled later in Dux- 
bury. Fie was able to bear arms, according to 
the list dated 1643. He was a volunteer for 
the Pequot war, June 7, 1637. His brother, 
James Howard, who came with him to Ply- 
mouth, went to the Bermudas. John removed 
to West Bridgewater, where he was a pro- 
prietor and original settler in 1651. He was a 
young man when he emigrated and lived for a 
time in the family of Captain Myles Standish. 
He became a citizen of much influence and 
prominence and one of the first military offi- 
cers of the town of Bridgewater. He took 
the oath of fidelity in 1659. His descendants 
lived on his original homestead until a gen- 
eration ago. He began to keep a tavern as 
early as 1670 and a tavern has been kept in 
Bridgewater down to recent times by his de- 
scendants. He died in 1700. He was an 
ensign in 1664. Children: i. John. 2. James. 
3. Jonathan, mentioned below. 4. Elizabeth, 
born at Plymouth, August 20, 1647, married 
Edward Fobes. 5. Sarah, married Zachariah 
Packard. 6. Bethia, married Henry Kingman. 
7. Ephraim. 

(II) Major Jonathan, son of John How- 
ard, married Sarah Dean, and among their 
children was a son Jonathan, mentioned be- 
low. 

(III) Jonathan (2), son of Alajor Jona- 
than (i) Howard, was born in 1692. He 
married Sarah, daughter of John Field, in 
1719, and among their children was a son 
Nathan, mentioned below. 

(IV) Nathan, son of Jonathan (2) How- 
ard, was born in 1720. He married Jane, 
daughter of Alajor Edward Howard, in 1746. 

(\') Nathan (2), son of Nathan (i) How- 
ard, was born in 1746. He married Susanna, 
daughter of Henry Howard, of eastern Mas- 
sachusetts, and among their children was a 
son Ruel, mentioned below. 

(VI) Ruel, son of Nathan (2) Howard, 
was born in 1776. He came to Alaine in 1814, 
and was a farmer, carpenter and contractor. 



28 



STATE OF MAINE. 



He was a major in the war of 1812. He mar- 
ried ]\lary Boyd, who probably came from 
Bristol, JMaine. Children : Columbus, men- 
tioned below ; Boyd, Susan, Brizillai, Fanny, 
Ruel, Cyril, Joseph and Everett. 

(VH) Columbus, son of Ruel Howard, was 
born in Bridgeivater, Massachusetts, 1801. He 
followed farming in Sidney, Maine, He mar- 
ried Lucy, born in Sidney, Maine, 1810, 
daughter of Captain Salvanus Ambrose and 
Lucy Ann (Cowen) Hanmiond. Captain 
Hammond was lost at sea when Mrs. Howard 
was an infant. Children : Jane Frances, 
Mary, and Emily H., born 1843, ^^''^ of James 
E. Fuller. 



homage. He married Elizabeth 



He 



The derivation of this name is a 
ROBIE matter of conjecture, but Hon. 
Henry John Roby, M. P., from 
.Manchester, England, gives reasons for think- 
ing that the name is taken from the hamlet of 
Roby, in the parish of Huyton, five or six 
xniles east of Liverpool. Since 1403 the resi- 
dence of the Robies can be distinctly traced at 
Castle Donington, a small town in the north- 
ern edge of Leicestershire, England, which 
lies between the counties of Derby and Not- 
tingham. The name is variously spelled 
Robie, Roby, Robey, Robay, Robye, and 
Rooby, but was spelled Robie by Thomas, the 
father of Henry, the immigrant. Disconnected 
statements in the records of Castle Donington 
between 1402 and 15 12 show the existence of 
the family at that place between those dates. 
In September, 1402-1403, John Roby was pos- 
sessed of a copy hold in the manor of Castle 
Donington. 

(I) John Roby, with whom the connected 
history of the family begins, took part in the 
court proceedings of Castle Donington, in Oc- 
tober, 1512. In March, 1513, he was admitted 
tenant of two burgages. In June, 1513. he 
was named at a court at which William Roby 
and three others were admitted to three cur- 
tilages. He died shortly before Christmas, 
1 515. His children were: Thomas and Em- 
mot. 

(II) Thomas, son of John Roby, was born 
at Castle Donington, 1501, and May 6, 1516, 
he was admitted as son and heir of John Roby, 
to a taft, a croft, and one yard of land, and 
moiety of meadow, at a rent of twenty shillings 
.a year. In 1526 Emmot Roby was admitted 
to a cottage, to the use of his brother Thomas, 
who in each of the years 1527-32-36 was on 
the homage. In 1538-40 he was mentioned in 
the court proceedings. In 1542 he defended 
.a suit in chancery, and in 1547 was on the 



was buried at Castle Donington, December 5, 
1552, and his wife was also buried there, Feb- 
ruary 22, 1565. Their children were: Robert, 
John, Thomas, Edmond, William, Bartholo- 
mew, Michael and Marie. 

(HI) Thoinas (2), third child of Thomas 
( I ) and Elizabeth Roby, yeoman, was en- 
gaged in litigation concerning land in Don- 
ington Manor, in 1560-83-87, and mentioned 
in the proceedings of the Manor Court in 
1559-60-66, and 1586. He married (first) 
November 25, 1569, at Castle Donington, 
Joane Cowley, who was buried at Castle Don- 
ington, October 10, 1579. He married (sec- 
ond) April 22, 1583, at Castle Donington, 
Mary Gatley. By the first wife he had a son 
Thomas ; by the second wife a daughter Eliza- 
beth. He was buried at Castle Donington, 
April 12, 1588. In his will dated April 10, 
1588, proved at Leicester, September 12, of 
the same year, he speaks of his wife Mary and 
his children Thomas and Elizabeth (both un- 
der age) his brother John and his nephew 
John (under age), son of William, and makes 
bequests to John Gatley and Dorothy Gatley. 

(IV) Thomas (3) Robye (or Robie or 
Roby), only son of Thomas (2) and Joane 
(Cowley) Roby, was under age April, 1588. 
He was on the homage of the Manor Court 
in 1637-46, and probably other years. He died 
March 27, 1653. His will, dated March 24, 
1652, was proved at Westminster, September 
20, 1653. He married, C)ctober 6, 1606, Mary 
Coxon. born April 20, 1586, and buried at 
Castle Donington, April 26, 1641. She was 
the daughter of John Coxon. The children of 
this union were : Robert, Mary, Thomas, 
John, William, Henry, Edward, Samuel. 

(V) Henry, sixth child and fifth son of 
Thomas (3) and Mary (Coxon) Robie, born 
at Castle Donington, February 12, 1619, died 
April 22, 1688, in Hampton, New Hampshire, 
aged sixty-nine. Early in 1639 he came to 
Dorchester, Massachusetts Bay Colony. Soon 
after he went to Exeter, New Hampshire, 
which was founded by Rev. John Wheelwright 
the year before. This seems to have been his 
objective point. At that time there was no 
constituted authorities over the patent of New 
Hampshire, and the Exeters, as the Plymouth 
colonists before them had done, formed a vol- 
vmtary combination for governmental pur- 
poses, and this agreement, dated July 4, 1639, 
bears the signature of Henry Robie. In May, 
1643, he joined in the petition of the in- 
habitants of Exeter to the general court of 
Massachusetts, praying that their territory 



STATE ol- MAINE. 



29 



might be received witliiii liie jurisdiction of 
Massachusetts ISay Colony. January i6, 1644, 
he received from the town a grant of ten acres 
of land, and February 10, UqiS, a further life 
grant of twenty acres; and .\pril 22, 1649, he 
and others were granted a mill site at Little 
river. Jn 1649-50 he was selectman, and 
March 21, 1650, received a further grant of 
ten acres of land. On May 13, 1650, as one 
of the committee of the town, he signed the 
contract engaging Rev. Samuel Dudley as 
minister. November 24, 1650, he was given 
permission to enlarge his garden out of the 
higlnvay, and on January 2, 1651, he received 
a further grant of sixty acres of land from 
the town, and on the same day with John Gil- 
man, dissented from the vote of the town, re- 
leasing the Rev. Samuel Dudley from pay- 
ment of certain rentals due the town, and on 
February 19, 165 1, the town authorized Henry 
Robie and two other tow^nsmen "to vindicate 
the credit and the reputation of (Rev.) Mr. 
Dmiley, against the reproachful speeches and 
calumniation of John Garland, by proceeding 
against him in law, according to the demerit 
of his offense." Soon after 1651 he removed 
into the present adjoining town of Hampton. 
He was selectman of Hampton for the years 
1656-60-65-81, and in 1660 was a member of 
the committee to regulate the seating of the 
people in the meeting house. On January i, 
1661, he was named as one of a commission to 
lay out the road, from the Academy green to 
the Landing, and in 1667 to settle the bounds 
of the highway between Hampton and Salis- 
bury. On October 12, 1669, at the session of 
the court, Henry Robie was allowed to keep 
an ordinary in the tow'n, and the court licensed 
him "to sell beere and wine and strong waters 
by retaile, and ye sd Robie doth binde him- 
self, in ye sum of £40, on condition not to 
suffer any townsmen, men's children and serv- 
ants to be lipling in his house." He kept the 
ordinary for about ten years, his license being 
renewed from year to year. On October 18, 
1669, he was attorney for the town, in a mat- 
ter before the court in Boston. In 1677 he 
was sent out to flank the Indians, who were 
besieging the Hampton settlement. His name 
and that of his wife are recorded as members 
of the town church on September 18, 167 1. A 
royal decree, made September 18, 1679, liaving 
ordered that thereafter the Massachusetts Bay 
Colony should have no further jurisdiction 
over the towns of Dover, Portsmouth, Exeter 
and Hampton, it became necessary to establish 
a new government for the Province of New 
Hampshire, to accomplish which Mr. Robie 



was named as one of the electors from liis 
town. July 13, 1680, he was foreman of the 
grand jury, and the same year one of the 
committee ajjiiointed to prosecute persons 
stealing lumber from the town. In 1683, with 
other residents of Hampton, he petitioned the 
colonial governor to be freed from head- 
money, and the same year was elected a mem- 
ber of the coiuicil from his town. He was a 
justice of the peace for many years, and Feb- 
ruary 6, 1683, with three other justices, signed 
the committment of Rev. Joshua Moody, pas- 
tor of the church in Portsmouth, for six 
months for refusing to administer the sacra- 
ment in accordance of the laws of Great 
Britain. He was a standing juryman in the 
trials of Mason against Richard Walderne 
and other persons in New^ Hampshire for 
holding lands which Mason claimed as pro- 
prietor of the province. His first wife, Ruth, 
died May 5, 1673, and he married (second) 
January 19, 1674, Widow Elizabeth Garland, 
daughter of Thomas Philbrick, who had pre- 
viously been the wife of Thomas Chase, and 
of John Garland. She died February 11, 1677. 
His third wife, Sarah, died January 23, 1703. 
His children were : Thomas, John, Judith, 
Ruth, Deliverance, Samuel and Ichabod by 
the first wife ; and Sarah by the third wife. 
Two other children, Joanna and Mary, may 
have been born to him. 

(VI) John, second child of Henry and Ruth 
Robie, born at Exeter, February 2, 1649, was 
killed June 16, 1691. He removed to Haver- 
hill in January, 1675, and lived in that part of 
the town which fell into New Hampsliire at 
the establishment of the ''Mitchell line." In 
a list made February i, 1677, of houses erected 
in Haverhill since January 25, 1675, is men- 
tioned that of John Robie. He lived in what 
is now- Atkinson. His wife died a few days 
before June 16. 1691, and on that day he was 
removing his family, consisting of seven chil- 
dren, the eldest not yet eleven years old, to a 
place of refuge in the North Parish. When 
they reached a spot opposite a burying ground 
described as "near Jesse Clements,"' Mr. Robie 
was shot by Indians and killed. 

(VII) Colonel Ichabod (probably the 
eldest), son of John and (Corlis) Robie, born 
in 1680, died between October 10, 1752. and 
September 26, 1753. He was taken captive by 
the Indians at the time his father was killed, 
June 16, 1691, and carried away. There are 
two traditions with respect to his return home. 
One is that he was ransomed ; and the other 
that by the aid of a friendly Indian he es- 
caped and returned home. He learned the art 



30 



STATE UF MAINE. 



of tanning, and settled in Hampton Falls, and 
established his home on what has ever since 
been known as "the Robie farm." He was a 
member of the ''Society for Settling the Chest- 
nut Country," attended the first meeting, and 
was one of the committee to lay out the lots, 
and also of the old hundred-acre lots, and also 
for running the lines. He is often mentioned 
in the records of Chester, and probably built 
a house on his home lot No. Ii6, and spent 
considerable time in the town, but never per- 
manently lived there. His will is dated Octo- 
ber lo, 1752, and proved September 26, 1753. 
He married, January 10, 1707, iMary Cass, 
born in Hamp"ton, February 26, 1687, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Alary (Hobbs) Cass. Their 
children were: Anne, Ruth, John, Henry, 
Samuel, Mary and Sarah. 

(VHI) Samuel, fifth child and third son of 
Ichabod and IMary (Cass) Robie, was bom in 
Hampton, October 17, 1717. He lived first in 
Chester (Raymond), on his father's home lot 
No. 116. He sold his farm, including his tan- 
yard, to John S. Dearborn, in 1778, and took 
his pay in continental money which became 
worthless on his hands, and he lost all. He 
then removed to GoiTstown. He married 
(first) a Miss Perkins, by whom he had Sarah, 
Lvdia and Edward. He married (second) 
Widow Fhebe Butterfield, and had Samuel 
and Pollv, who lived at Goffstown. 

(IX) Edward, third child of Samuel and 

(Perkins) Robie, .born in Chester, 

1746, died December 26, 1837, aged ninety- 
two. He settled first in Candia, and later re- 
moved to Chester. He married, 1771, Sarah 
Smith, daughter of Colonel Webster's second 
wife. She died in 1843, ^ged eighty-nine. 
Thev had seven children: Mary. Asa, John 
Smith, Edward J., Toppan, Sarah and Thomas 
Sargent. 

(X) Captain Toppan, fourth son and fifth 
child of Edward and Sarah (Smith) Robie, 
born in Candia, New Hampshire, January 27, 
1782, died in Gorham, Maine, January 14, 
1871, aged eighty-nine. He remained with his 
parents until seventeen years of age and then, 
having received a practical education, he went 
to Gorham, Alaine, where he became a clerk 
in the store of John Horton, and a few months 
later went into" the employ of Daniel Cressey, 
then a leading trader of Gorham. In Septem- 
ber, 1802, while still a minor, he took the quite 
respectable sum of money which by prudence 
and economy he had saved from his earnings, 
and forming a partnership went into business 
with Sewafl Lancaster. In 181 5 he and his 
younger brother, Thomas S., became partners 



under the style of T. & T. S. Robie, retail 
merchants, and in the more than twenty year 
partnership, its members became widely known 
and popular throughout the states of Maine, 
New Hampshire and Vermont, where they 
were credited with great activity and abso- 
lutely square dealing. That was long before 
the days of railroads, and long lines of loaded 
sleds and sleighs came from the state of Ver- 
mont and Coos county. New Hampshire, 
through the Notch, on their way to Portland, 
and a good share of their trade fell to Gor- 
ham. Mr. Robie continued in business until 
1850, when he retired, having by his energy 
and strict attention to business accumulated a 
large fortune. For more than fifty years Top- 
pan Robie was a leading citizen not only of 
Gorham, but of a region including the various 
surrounding towns. He filled many local 
offices, and by his faithful and efficient 
service in the duties thereof proved his 
qualifications for higher positions and greater 
honors. In politics he was a Whig - 
and an earnest, unswerving adherent of 
his party. He served six terms as a repre- 
sentative in the general court of Massachu- 
setts, 1813 to 181 5, and after the province of 
Maine was removed from the jurisdiction of 
Massachusetts, in 1820, and made a state, he 
served in the first two legislatures of the new 
state, 1820-21. In 1837 he was a member of 
Governor Kent's council. For half a century 
he was a trustee of Gorham Academy, and for 
many years its treasurer. His contributions 
to that efficient school were generous and 
timely. He was also long the treasurer of the 
Congregational Parish and of its ministerial 
fund, to which latter he contributed $9,000. 
In the war of 1 81 2 he was captain of a mili- 
tia company and with his men marched to 
Portland in 1814, for the defence of the city. 
He was always ready to do his part in all 
public movements and no worthy cause ever 
sought his aid in vain. Toward the erection 
of the beautiful soldiers' monument, the first 
erected in Maine, which adorns the village of 
Gorham, Yhe generous tribute to the memory 
of the men who died in order that their coun- 
try might live, he donated $2.000 ; and toward 
the purchase of the town clock $500. In the 
evening of Tife he passed his years in that 
peace and tranquility which are the reward of 
right living. For seventy years he had resided 
among the people in whose midst he died. He 
married (first) October 8, 1804, Lydia Brown, 
of Chester, New Hampshire, born February 6, 
1782. died February 2^. 181 1, aged twenty- 
nine. She was the daughter of Benjamin and 




Cy^-e^ .^^^^^ 6 c^-/c^ (7 (^cr^^^~^-^^ . 



STATE OI' AIAIXE. 



31 



Prudence (Kelle\) Urowii, aiul sisler of the 
late Francis Brown. 1). 1)., president of Dart- 
mouth College from i<Si3 to i.Sjo. lie mar- 
ried (second) September 17, iSii, Sarah T. 
Lincoln, who was baptizetl in Ilin^ham, Mas- 
sachusetts, May 12, 1/93, died April 23, 1828, 
daughter of John and Hethia (Thaxter) Lin- 
coln, of Gorham, Maine, and was a descendant 
from Samuel Lincoln, wlio came from Eng- 
land, and settled in Hingham. Massachusetts, 
in 1637. General Benjamin Lincoln, of revo- 
lutionary fame. Lieutenant Governor Levi 
Lincoln, of Massachusetts, his sons, Levi Lin- 
coln, governor of Massachusetts, and Gov- 
ernor Enoch Lincoln, of Maine, were de- 
scendants of this pioneer ; and Abraham Lin- 
coln, president of the Lhiited States, was of 
the same family. He married (third) in No- 
vember, 1828, Mrs. Eliza (Stevens) Cross, 
daughter of William .Stevens, of Portland, 
and widow of Captain William Cross. She 
died November 2, iSO.S, aged eighty-three. The 
children born of first wife, Lydia Brown, 
were: Harriet, August g, 1805, married, Au- 
gust 29, 1829, Oliver Lincoln, of Boston, and 
died in 1832. Francis B., August 19, 1809, 
married, March 27, 1838, Martha L. Prince, of 
North Yarmouth. The children of second 
wife, Sarah T. Lincoln, were : Charles, July 
30, 1812, married, September 2, 1835, Emily 
March. George, October i, 1816, married, 
April 27, 1841, Frances M. Barrett. Freder- 
ick, whose sketch follows. 

(XI) Governor Frederick, youngest child 
of Captain Toppan and Sarah T. (Lincoln) 
Robie, was born in Gorham, August 12, 1822. 
After completing the usual studies at Gorham 
Academy, and with private tutors, he entered 
Bowdoin College in 1837, and was graduated 
with the class of 1841. After graduating he 
went south and for a time taught in Georgia 
academies and in Florida. While there he de- 
cided to become a physician, and matriculated 
at Jefiferson Medical College, Philadelphia, and 
was graduated from that institution in 1844. 
In April of the same year he opened an ofSce 
in Biddeford, where he practiced eleven years. 
In 1855 he removed to Waldoboro, where he 
remained three years. In each of these towns 
his practice was extensive and profitable. Re- 
turning to Gorham he resided there until the 
outbreak of the slaveholders' rebellion. |une 
I, 1 86 1, he was commissioned by President 
Lincoln, paymaster of United States Volun- 
teers. He served in the Army of the Potomac 
until 1863, and was then transferred to Bos- 
ton as chief paymaster of the Department of 
New England. In 1864 he was sent to the 



Department of the Gulf of New Orleans, 
where he paid the troops for a year, or until 

1865. At the end of the war he returned to 
Maine, where he had charge of the paying off 
of the Maine soldiers. Mis efficient services 
were recognized and rewarded by the brevet 
commission of lieutenant-colonel, dated No- 
vember 24, 1865, Ii^ being the first Maine pay- 
master to receive brevet of that rank. He was 
honorably mustered out July 20, 1866, and at 
once returned with energy to the pursuit of 
peace, his course having been approved by 
both liie government and the people of the 
state. In 1866 Colonel Robie was elected to 
the state senate, and re-elected the following 
year. He was also appointed in 1866 by Wil- 
liam Pitt Fessenden as special agent of the 
treasury department, in which capacity he 
served two years. From 1868 to 1873 ^^ was 
a member of the Republican state committee. 
He was a member of the house of representa- 
tives eight years, and in all served ten terms 
in the Maine legislature. In 1872 and 1876 
he was speaker of the house. He is an able 
parliamentarian, and discharged the duties of 
his position with a skill born of much ex- 
perience and a courtesy and grace which were 
pleasing to all, and contributed in no slight 
degree to the dispatch of business that dis- 
tinguished these periods. He was a member 
of Governor Washburn's executive council in 

1866, of that of Governor Davis in 1880, and 
of that of Governor Plaisted in 1881-82. In 
1872 he was a delegate to the Republican Na- 
tional convention which nominated General 
Grant for a second term. In 1878 he was ap- 
pointed commissioner of the Paris Exposition, 
and traveled extensively- in Euro]je drring the 
year he remained abroad. In 1882. at the 
meeting of the Republican state convention in 
Portland, Colonel Robie was nominated for 
governor. At the ensuing electicn Colonel 
Robie received a plurality of about nine thou- 
sand votes over the Democratic candidate. 
Governor Harris M. Plaisted. In 1884 Gov- 
ernor Robie was again nominated and re- 
elected by a majority of nearly twenty thou- 
sand votes, which plainly showed that the 
firm, intelligent and business-like administra- 
tion of Governor Robie had the full approval 
of his entire party and of many good citizens 
of other parties, who cast their ballots for him. 
A retrospect shows him to have been one of 
the most efficient and popular governors the 
state of Maine has ever had. In various busi- 
ness enterprises Governor Robie has been and 
now is an active and powerful business factor. 
For many years he was a ilirector of the Port- 



32 



STATE OF iMAINE. 



land & Rochester Railroad Company ; also a 
director of the First National Bank, of which 
he is now and for seventeen years has been 
president. In 1885 he was president of the 
Eastern Telegraph Company, and one time he 
was business manager of the Portland Press 
Publishing Company. He is also a director of 
the financial committee of the Mutual Life In- 
surance Company. Governor Robie was 
raised in a community where agricultural in- 
fluences were predominant, and his interest in 
the cultivation of the soil and those who carry 
it on has always been hearty and sincere. Not 
long after the grange movement was started 
he allied himself with it and still gives it his 
strong support. He was chosen worthy mas- 
ter of the Maine State Grange in 1881, and 
continued in that office the ensuing eight years. 
Naturally he feels a deep and abiding interest 
in the Grand Army. He became a member of 
John R. Adams Post at Gorham, and has been 
one of the foremost to aid in the promotion of 
many of the wise measures undertaken by that 
organization. During the year 1899 he was 
commander of the Department of Maine of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. For over nine- 
teen years he has been president of the board 
of trustees of the Insane Hospital of the state 
at Augusta. This institution has received 
much of his attention, and every annual report 
of the trustees has been written by him. While 
a member of the legislature the question of the 
location of the State Normal school came up 
and he was instrumental in securing its loca- 
tion in Gorham. He has generously con- 
tributed to its success and the trustees hon- 
ored him by calling the handsome new dormi- 
tory "Frederick Robie Hall," and that in- 
scription is cut in its granite walls. Similarly, 
the active and permanent interest of Governor 
Robie in the public schools of Gorham, mani- 
fested in a multitude of ways, prompted his 
fellow townsmen to change the corporation 
name of one of the Gorham schools to the 
"Frederick Robie High School." The same 
high qualities that made his father a leading 
man in the region about Gorham, have made 
Governor Robie one of the ablest, most pro- 
gressive, most influential and most highly es- 
teemed citizens of the commonwealth over 
whose destinies he has had the honor twice to 
preside. The strong character he inherits 
from various lines of worthy ancestors has 
placed him in the front rank of the patriotic, 
worthy and leading men of the state, and his 
unvarying courtesy, kindliness of heart, in- 
tegrity, liberality, and irreproachable charac- 
ter have made him a mvriad of friends whose 



regard is lifelong. Governor Robie has re- 
cently become a member of the Society of 
Mayflower Descendants in the State of Maine, 
tracing his descent from Richard Warren, one 
of the passengers of the "Mayflower," a signer 
of the compact, and a six year resident of 
Plymouth, Massachusetts. 

Frederick Robie married (first) November 
12, 1847, Mary Olivia Priest, born in Bidde- 
ford, September 23, 1828, died November 5, 
1898. daughter of Jonathan and Mary (Em- 
ery) Priest, of Biddeford. She was a lady of 
many accomplishments, unusually proficient as 
a pianist, and also endowed with those per- 
sonal graces and social qualities which endear 
their possessor to all whom they meet. Four 
children were born of this union : Harriet,. 
Mary Frederica, Eliza and William P. F. 
Harriet, born September 3, 1848, married 
Clark H. Barker, one time postmaster of Port- 
land, now deceased. Two children were born 
of this marriage; Mary Olivia and Benjamin 
Barker. JMary Frederica, born March 3, 1852,, 
married George F. McQuillan, a prominent 
lawyer of Portland ; one child was born of this 
marriage, Harriet R. Eliza, born February, 
1856, died September 3, 1863. William P. F. 
is mentioned below. Governor Robie married 
(second) January 10, 1900, Martha E. Cres- 
sey, born in Gorham, Alay 3, 1849, daughter 
of Alvin and Sarah (Flagg) Cressey. She 
had always resided on the farm where she was 
born, and has always been interested in agri- 
culture and the farm is now carried on under 
her direction. She is a member of the Congre- 
gational church ; the Order of the Eastern 
Star : the Relief Corps, Grand Army of the 
Republic ; and the Patrons of Husbandry. 

(Nil) William Pitt Fessenden, youngest 
child and only son of Governor Frederick and 
Mary Olivia (Priest) Robie, was born in Dor- 
chester, Massachusetts, November 5, 1863. 
From the public schools he went to the pre- 
paratory school at Fryeburg, Maine, and grad- 
uated from that institution in 1884. The same 
year he entered Bowdoin College, from which 
he was graduated with the class of i88g. 
After leaving college he assisted his father if 
the management of his farm in Gorham unti. 
1896, when he entered the medical department 
of the Union Mutual Life Insurance Company 
of Portland, where he has continued to the 
present time. He resides m Gorham, Maine. 
He married, April 6, 1891, Flora Barton, of 
Cherryfield, who was born June 4, 1862, 
daughter of Alonzo and Mary (Pineo) Bar- 
ton. Five children have been born of this mar- 
riage: Marv Frederica, Frederick, Catherine 



STATIC Ol'" MAIN']-:. 



33 



Carlton, John Walcinian and lilizabclli Read. 
The information relating to the early history 
of the Robie family is due to tlic researches of 
Hon. Henry J. Roby, Sancrigg, Grasmere, 
England, and Ridien Edward Robie, Bath, 
New York. 



The -MacQuillans were 
McQuillan powerful chiefs of county 
Antrim, Ireland, who en- 
tered Ireland with the earliest English adven- 
turers. The McQuillans became lords of the 
northern coast of Ireland, and the contiguous 
territory from Dunsevcrick Castle in the 
county Antrim, near the Giant's Causeway, to 
Dunluce Castle. Dunseverick, built according 
to tradition by the McQuillans, is now a heap 
of ruins ; and Dunluce a once strong and beau- 
tiful fortress, is dismantled and crumbled with 
age. MacDonnell, a Scottish chieftain, mar- 
ried a daughter of McQuillan, and came into 
possession of the Antrim territory. King 
lames First confirmed the title of the McDon- 
nell to the country, and since that time a Mc- 
Donnel has 5een Earl of Antrim. The Mc- 
Quillans became scattered through northern 
Ireland, and from there to all parts of the 
world. 

(i) John McQuillan was born in the north 
of Ireland, where he enlisted in the English 
navy. In course of time, being a man of fine 
physique and soldierly bearing, brave and of 
good habits, he was promotecl to the position 
of a subordinate officer. He came to America 
in a vessel of the English navy which, after 
some period of naval service, he left at Port- 
land, Maine, and settled in Gorham, Maine. 
He resided there many years, and died in 
1811. He married (first) Abigail Cook, who 
died in 1794-95. He married (second) Octo- 
ber 13, 1796, Elizabeth Brown, who died in 
1797, leaving no children. He married (third) 
September 20, 1798, Olive, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Mary Edwards. She died September 
17, 1 82 1. The children of John McQuillan by 
his first wife Abigail were : John, Rebecca 
and William; and by his third wife, Olive Ed- 
wards : Eliza, Hugh McL. and Sargent. 

(II) Rev. Hugh AIcL., second child of John 
and Olive (Edwards) McQuillan, was born in 
Gorham, Maine, July 18, 1803, and died in 
Casco, Maine, April 14, 1861. After the death 
of his father he went to live with a gentleman 
in Windham. Maine, who gave him a good 
education, and with whom he stayed until he 
attained his majority. Afterward he studied 
for the christian ministry, and was ordained a 
minister of the Christian Baptist church. From 



that time forward he was engaged in evangeli- 
cal work until the time of his death. He was a 
devout man, and an earnest worker in the 
cause of religion. He married, at Naples, 
Maine, in 1842, Elvira (see Wight VI), 
daughter of Jonathan and Mercy (Harmon) 
Wight, of .\'a])les, Maine. She was born April 
16, 1807, died in Yarmouth, Maine, November 
27, 1881. Mrs. McQuillan was a woman of 
noble character, a companion and helpmeet to 
her husband, and after his death did all in her 
power to keep her children together, and give 
them the best education her circumstances per- 
mitted. Children: Rufus H., mentioned be- 
low ; George F., mentioned below, and Liza 
A., born in Naples, Maine, unmarrietl, and 
lives in Portland, Maine. 

(HI) Rufus H., eldest child of Rev. Hugh 
McL. and .Elvira (Wight) McQuillan, was 
born in Naples, Maine, November 18, 1844, 
died April 23, 1896. May 24, 1862, at the age 
of seventeen years, he enlisted in Company G, 
First Regiment, United States Infantry, and 
took part in the second battle of Bull Run, 
Antietam, South Mountain, and the first bat- 
tle of Fredericksburg, and was present at the 
siege of Vicksburg from May 19 till its surren- 
der, July 4,' 1863. During the year preceding 
his discharge on May 24, 1865, he was orderly 
to the general commanding at New Orleans. 
On leaving the army he engaged in the lumber 
business, and at different times had charge of 
various lumber mills in the west. In 1873 
he returned to Maine, and in 1880 located in 
Yarmouth, where he engaged in the lumber 
business and also carried on a large hardware 
store for a number of years. In politics he 
was a Republican, and as such took an active 
interest in public affairs. He was deputy sher- 
iff of Cumberland county, at Yarmouth, under 
Sheriff Benjamin True for two years. He had 
an abiding interest in Grand Army affairs, and 
was the first commander of W. L. Haskell 
Post, No. 108, at Yarmouth. In business he 
was a man of the strictest integrity, and in 
civil and social affairs was one of the best 
known and highly esteemed citizens of Yar- 
mouth. He married, March 17, 1874, Alma 
B. Sawyer, in Raymond, Maine, who survives 
him. Children : Hugh Dean, George H. and 
Leroy Rufus. George H. died May 14, 1903. 

(Ill) George F., second child of Rev. Hugh 
McL. and Elvira (Wight) McQuillan, was 
born in Naples, April 18, 1849. He passed his 
boyhootl days in Raymond, where he attended 
the common schools, and fitted for college at 
North Bridgton Academy and Gorham Semi- 
nary. In 1870 he entered Bowdoin College, 



34 



STATE OF MAINE. 



from which he graduated in 1875. In 1868 he 
began to teach school, and partly with the 
money thus earned and partly with funds sup- 
plied by his mother, he paid his way while at 
Bovvdoin. He took an interest in certain kinds 
of athletics, and was a member of Bowdoin's 
boating crew one year. .--Xfter completing his 
college course he continued to teach, and for 
two years he was employed in high schools in 
the northern part of Cumberlancl county. In 
1877 he began the study of law with Hon. Bion 
Bradbury in Portland, Maine, which he con- 
tinued until his admission to the bar. October 
14, 1879. He opened an office in Casco. Maine, 
where he practiced one year, during which 
time he served as town clerk and supervisor 
of schools. In October, 1880, he removed to 
Portland, and entered upon his career as a 
practitioner of law, in which he has achieved 
much success, his practice being in the local 
courts. He is a member of the supreme judi- 
cial court of Maine and of the district, cir- 
cuit, and supreme courts of the United States. 
His practice has included the ordinary class of 
commercial litigation, and in addition to that 
he has been attorney and counsellor for vari- 
ous towns in Cumberland county. He is well 
known as an able, reliable and successful law- 
yer. From December i, 1892, until May 28, 
1894, he was a partner in the law with 
Colonel Albert W. Bradbur}-, the firm being 
Bradbury & McQuillan. On the last mentioned 
date this partnership was dissolved. Colonel 
Bradbury becoming United States district at- 
torney. Since then Mr. McQuillan has prac- 
ticed alone. In political sentiment Mr. Mc- 
Quillan is a Democrat, and is one of the 
trusted leaders of his party. June 6, 1881, he 
was appointed judge advocate general with 
the rank of Colonel, on the staff of Governor 
Plaisted, and served as such until January 3. 
1883. In 1882, 1886 and in 1890, he was a 
candidate for clerk of the courts of Cumber- 
land county ; and in 1892 and i8g6 he was can- 
didate for judge of probate; and in each case 
received the full support of his party in the 
canvass and at the polls; but the Democratic 
party being in a minority, he was defeated. 
Colonel McQuillan is fond of the company of 
his books, which make a goodly library, and 
takes that interest in education and literature 
that every liberally educated man should take. 
He married, February 5, 1891, Mary Fred- 
erica, daughter of Governor Frederic and 
Mary O. (Priest) Robie. (See Robie.) They 
have one child, Harriet R., bom March 14, 
1894. 



(For flr.st generation y:ee Thuma.s Wiglit I.) 

(II) Henry, eldest child of Dea- 
\^'IGHT con Thomas and Alice or Elsie 
Wight, settled with his parents 
in Dedham, Massachusetts, in 1637. In the 
Dedham records he was called Sergeant Henry 
Wight. He became a member of the church 
August 14, 1646. He continued to reside in 
Dedham after his father and family had re- 
moved to Medfield. In 1653 he was appointed 
to a town office in Dedham, and in 1658 he 
was appointed constable by the general court. 
In 1 661 he was elected selectman and held 
that office ten years, between that time and 
the time of his death, P'ebruary 27, 1680. In 
1665 the town granted him one hundred and 
twenty acres of land, which was an unusually 
large gift ; but the record gives no explanation 
as to wdiy it was done. February 24, 1673, 
Henry \\'ight was one of the three citizens 
of Dedham appointed to lay out a house lot 
for Rev. Samuel Mann at Wrentham, and to 
take care about the church lot there. He was 
appointed one of the executors of his father's 
will, by the provisions of which he received 
all his father's "houses and lands lying and 
being in Dedham." This devise included the 
original grant of twelve acres from the town 
to Thomas Wight. He died intestate, and his 
estate was administered by his widow and his 
son Joseph. His inventory amounted to 
£524, IS. He married Jane Goodenow, of Sud- 
bury, about 1652. She joined the church June 
12, 1653, and died in Dedham, May 16, 1684. 
The inventory of her estate footed £462, 8s. 3d. 
The children of Henry and Jane were : John, 
Joseph, Daniel, P.enjamin and Jonathan, whose 
sketch follows. 

(III) Jonathan, youngest of the five sons of 
Henry and Jane (Goodenow) Wight, was 
born in Dedham, July 2, 1662, and baptized 
July 13, 1662. He removed to Wrentham, 
where he died intestate, March 20, 1719. He 
was married August 19, 1687, ^o Elizabeth 
Hawes, of Wrentham. She married { second ) 
February 20, 1722, Samuel Bullard, of Ded- 
ham. She was living at extreme old age April 
2, 1764, seventy-seven years after her first 
marriage, as is shown by her signature to a 
deed of release of all her dower interest in the 
landed property belonging to her first husband. 
The children of Jonathan and Elizabeth were ; 
Jeane, Elizabeth, Mehetabel, Marah, Jona- 
than and Sarah. 

(IV) Jonathan (2), fifth child and only son 
of Jonathan (i) and Elizabeth (Hawes) 
\\'ight, was born in Wrentham, January 6, 



STATE OF MAINE. 



35 



1700, and (lied there Alarcli 2b, 1773. He is 
called yeoman in a conveyance of land in 1764. 
His will was made March 11, 1773, and pro- 
bated April 9 of the same year. He married, 
in W'rentliain, February 13, 1721, Jemima 
Whiting, who died June 24, 1754. He mar- 
ried (second) December 5, 1754, widow Jeru- 
sha George. Her will was made May 22, 
1792, anil was [jrobated I'ebruary 5, 1793. 
The children of Jonathan and Jemima were: 
Jonathan. Jemima, Henjaniin, Joseph, Eli- 
phalet, Elizabeth, Susanna. Timothy, Zubiah 
and Oliver. ThoSe of Jonathan and Jerusha 
were: Jerusha and I\latilda. 

( \' I Joseph, fourth child and third son of 
Jonathan (2) anil Jemima (Whiting) Wight. 
was born in Wrentham. Massachusetts, De- 
cember 29, 1729, and died in Otisfield, Maine, 
October 20, 1804. In 1871 he prospected at 
New Marblehead (Windham), Alaine, where 
long before his remote cousin, Rev. John 
\\'ight, had settled. His movements from 1781 
to the fall of 1783 are variously reported. In 
November, 1783, he removed with all of his 
family, except his son James, from Wrentham, 
Massachusetts, to Otisfield, Maine, where he 
settled on "a beautiful ridge of land near the 
center of the town," a portion of which is still 
owned by his posterity. He was a fanner and 
part proprietor of a saw mill upon Saturday 
pond in Otisfield ; and besides attending to 
farming and milling, he was handy in various 
mechanical pursuits, as the entries in his ac- 
count book between 1785 and 1794 show. His 
family were an uncommonly hardy and ath- 
letic race : all were well educated for the times, 
and became well off financially. Joseph Wight 
married (first) in Wrentham, September 22, 
1755, Abigail Farrington, of the same place, 
who died August 25, 1758, aged twenty-one. 
He married (second) July 9, 1763, in 
Wrentham, Abigail Ware, born December 15, 
1740, died IMarch 29, 1799, in Otisfield. He 
had by the first wife two children : An in- 
fant and Joseph ; and by the second wife seven 
children : Benjamin, Abigail, James, Thomas, 
Nathan, Warren and Jonathan. 

(\T) Jonathan (3), youngest child of Jo- 
seph and Abigail (Ware) Wight, was born in 
Wrentham, I\lassachusetts. September 7, 1783, 
died in Naples, Maine, March i, 1869. He 
removed in 17S3 with his father, as above 
stated, to Otisfield, but after his marriage he 
bought a large estate in Naples, Maine, and 
resided there a long time. He married, in 
Otisfield, July 6, 1805, Mercy, born December 
10, 1788, died February 13, 1861, daughter of 
Edward and Mary (Plaisted) Harmon, of 



Alfred, Maine. Children: Elvira, Hermon, 
Priscilla Loud, Abigail Ware, Edward, Tabor, 
Olive, David Kay, Joseph, Xatlian, Mary and 
Addison. 

(VII) Elvira, eldest child of Jonathan and 
Mercy (Harmon) Wight, was born in Otis- 
field, April 16, 1807, and married, at Naples, 
in 1842, Rev. Hugh McL. McQuillan, of 
Windham, Maine. (See McQuillan.) 



It is often pleasant for a quiet New 

HILL England village to claim by birth- 
right tile name of one who has 
gained the notice and esteem of the public by 
his wisdom and judgment in public life and 
affairs. The attractive town of Eliot, on the 
rim of the beautiful and historic Piscataqua, 
has had several public characters who have 
given honor to this locality, which was their 
birthplace and boyhood home. Among them 
is the recent governor of Maine, the Hon. 
John Fremont Hill, M. D. And not only his 
public official life, and his energetic business 
career has established his name, but a very 
pleasant family genealogy precedes him. 

The name Hill begins even at the Plymouth 
Colony, shortly after the feet pressed Plym- 
outh Rock. From the famed Plymouth Col- 
ony ( 1630) the name was familiar in Boston, 
and in 1639 was known in Dover, New Hamp- 
shire, now the city not far from the Eliot of 
Maine. 

It was the second John Hill, perhaps, who 
was in Dover in 1639, and in 1653, whose de- 
scendants were known both in Dover and in 
Kittery, now Eliot. 

Joseph Hill, of the third generation, was in 
Dover ; a man of strength of character ; he 
was constable and collector of public funds. 

Samuel Hill, of the fourth generation, be- 
came a citizen of Eliot. He was the eldest 
son of Joseph Hill. Samuel's name is his- 
toric ; he became a member of the Society of 
Friends, and the Friends of that section of 
Eliot became renowned and left a most inter- 
esting chapter of village story and history. 
Samuel (4) possessed land on the upper side 
of Cammocks creek, in Eliot. He married, 
December 23, 1721, Hannah Allen, daughter 
of Francis and Hannah (Jenkins) Allen, of 
Kittery ; the names of seven children are on 
record : Joseph, Isaac, Simeon, Miriam, 
Ruth, Huldah, Jerusha. 

Isaac, son of Samuel and Hannah (Allen) 
Hill, also resided in Eliot. He married (first) 
Lydia, daughter of Joseph Roberts, of Dover; 
she died September 17, 1769. Married (sec- 
ond) March 24. 1773, Elisabeth Estes, of 



36 



STATE OF MAINE. 



Dover, daughter of Elijah and Sarah (Hodg- 
don) Estes. She died October lo, 1784. Mar- 
ried (third) March 24, 1786, Widow Lucy 
Hill. His children were : Samuel, Simeon, 
Abner, Stephen, Lydia, Hannah. (The third 
wife was the mother of Lydia and Hannah.) 

Samuel, eldest child of Isaac and Elisa- 
beth (Estes) Hill, was born April 13, 1777, 
died in Eliot in 1865. He inherited his fath- 
er's estate in Eliot and passed his life there ; 
an honest farmer, and a much respected citi- 
zen. His kindly face, pleasant voice and man- 
ner are still remembered. He married, at 
Salem, the historic city in ^Massachusetts, by 
the Rev. Mr. Spaulding, April 28, 1799, Elisa- 
beth Rawson. She was the daughter of John 
and Elisabeth (Bruce) Rawson; she was 
born February 7, 1776. Their children were: 
Joseph, Eliza, John, Stephen, Mary, Samuel, 
Elisabeth, Asa A., Ira. ]\Iartha Estes and 
William, whose sketch follows. 

William Hill, youngest child of Samuel and 
Elisabeth (Rawson) Hill, was born on the 
ancestral acres in Eliot, February 4, 1821, and 
died there. November ij, 1902, aged eighty- 
one years. He was a man of wealth, a person 
of sterling integrity, good judgment, execu- 
tive ability and generously endowed with com- 
mon sense. Though qualified to fill a high 
station in business or public life, he chose to 
follow in the beaten path his ancestors trod ; 
and was a successful and highly regarded far- 
mer. He married, November 27, 1849, 
Miriam Leighton, born [May 7, 1819, died No- 
vember 9, 1876. She was the daughter of An- 
drew P. and Sarah C. (Odiome) Leighton, 
of Kitterv. Married (second) Jennie Brooks. 
The children of William and Miriam Hill 
were : Ella Bruce, John Fremont, Lizzie 
Rawson and Howard. Ella Bruce, born Sep- 
tember 19, 1850, married, November 29, 1877, 
Homer Hobbs, of Berwick. Lizzie Rawson, 
born March 23, 1857, married, December 18, 
1883, William L. Hobbs, of Dover. 

The Hon. John Fremont, M. D., second 
child of William and Miriam (Leighton) Hill, 
was born on the homestead of his ancestors 
in Eliot, October 29, 1855. He acquired his 
literary education in the public schools of 
Eliot, and in the Eliot and South Berwick 
academies. In 1874 he matriculated in the 
medical department of Bowdoin College, 
Brunswick, from which he graduated Doctor 
of Medicine in 1877. Subsequently he took a 
post-graduate course at Long Island Hospital, 
Brooklyn, New York. In 1877 he began the 
practice of his profession at Boothbay Har- 
bor. He remained a year, then went to Au- 



gusta, where after six months' practice he 
decided in 1879 to enter a more active busi- 
ness life, and joined Peleg O. Vickery, of 
Augusta, in the publication of periodicals. In 
a short time he became junior partner in the 
firm of Vickery & Hill, one of the most suc- 
cessful enterprises of its kind. In 1900 a sub- 
stantial fireproof building with all modern im- 
provements was erected in Augusta, to accom- 
modate the large and constantly increasing 
business of the firm, now incorporated as the 
Vickery & Hill Publishing Company. Gov- 
ernor Hill's fine executive ability and success 
in business led to his becoming an extensive 
owner and a leading organizer of electric 
railroad lines in Maine. From boyhood he 
entertained an abiding interest in politics, and 
early in life became an active participant in 
the councils and campaigns of the Republican 
party. In 1889 he was elected to represent 
Augusta in the legislature, and served on the 
committees on banks and banking, railroads, 
telegraphs and expresses. In 1891 he was re- 
elected, and served as chairman of the com- 
mittee on railroads. In August, 1892, he was 
nominated by acclamation for senator from 
Kennebec county, was elected and re-elected, 
and served in the legislature during the ses- 
sions of 1893-95, in that capacity, being chair- 
man of the railroad committee each term. In 
1896 he was a presidential elector and in 1899 
and 1900 a member of Governor Powers' 
council. In the latter year he was nominated 
for governor of Maine, and at the September 
election following he was elected by one of the 
largest majorities ever given in the state. The 
able and business-like address which he deliv- 
ered at his inauguration the following January 
foreshadowed an administration in which the 
duties of the office would be discharged in a 
proper manner, and the close of his term 
showed that the people of the state had made 
no mistake in placing him in the gubernatorial 
office. The large floating debt incurred during 
the Spanish-American war was extinguished, 
and all the financial affairs of the state re- 
ceived due attention and were in excellent con- 
dition at the close of his term of office. In 
1902 Dr. Hill was a candidate for re-election 
to the governorship, and his election by one of 
the largest votes ever cast in an oiif year was 
a satisfactory and significant indorsement of 
his course as an officer. His second term was 
a period of prosperity in the state, and when 
he finally vacated the governor's chair he re- 
tired with the approval of his administration 
by a prosperous and contented people. Dur- 
ing his terms of service as the state's chief 




"■"■"■'//'■. ■'^<^';^;ff^,^///'/'/'.r^^"- ■ 






STATE OF MAINE. 



37 



executive, Governor 11 ill and family resided in 
tlie Mansion on State street, in Augusta, which 
was for many years the home of lion. James 
(i. Blaine. In 1902 he built, a short distance 
away, on the same street, in the center of the 
residential portion of the city, a palatial home 
of St. Louis brick, with trimmings of Maine 
granite, which with its artistic furnishings and 
clecorations is one of the finest resiliences in 
New England. Governor Hill is a Uni- 
versalist in religious faith and contributes 
generously to the support of the organization 
of which he is a member and also to other 
similar organizations. He has always felt a 
deep regard for his native town, and to his 
encouragement and financial assistance the 
preparation and publication of its history in 
1893 is largely due. He is a member of vari- 
ous patriotic and fraternal organizations and 
of several clubs, among which are : The 
Maine Historical Society; the Society of May- 
flower Descentlants ; the Society of Colonial 
Wars; the Pepperell Society (composed of de- 
scendants of Sir William Pepperell) ; the 
Abnaki Club of Augusta, i\Iaine ; the St. 
Louis Club and the St. Louis Country Club of 
St. Louis, Missouri; Augusta Lodge, No. 141, 
Free and .Vccepted Masons; Cushnoc Chap- 
ter, Royal Arch Masons; Trinity Command- 
ery ; Knights Templar ; and Kora Temple, 
Ancient Arabic Order of the Mystic Shrine. 

Dr. John Fremont Hill married (first) May 
19, 1880, Lizzie G. Vickery, who died April 
10, 1893. She was the daughter of Hon. 
Peleg O. Vickery, of Augusta. He married 
(second) in St. Louis, April 25, 1897, Mrs. 
Laura Liggett, widow of Hiram S. Liggett, 
and daughter of Hon. Norman J. Colman, of 
St. Louis, who was secretary of agriculture in 
the first cabinet of President Cleveland. A 
son. Percy, was born of the first marriage, 
March 16, 1881. and a daughter by the second 
marriage, Katharine, born December 23, 1904. 



The ancestry of one of the most 
REED distinguished men Maine ever pro- 
duced has not been traced far back. 
The earliest ancestor of Hon. Thomas B. Reed 
on tlic paternal side was 

( 1 ) Joseph Reed, who resided on Peak's 
Island in Portland Harbor, where he died 
April I, 1832. He married, November 10, 
1796, Mary Brackett (see Brackett \T), bap- 
tized June 9, 1776, died November 13, i860, 
daughter of Thomas and Jane (Hall) Brack- 
ett. Their children, born on Peak's Island, 
were : Mary Elizabeth, and Thomas B., next 
mentioned. 



(II) Thomas Brackett, youngest child of 
Joseph and Mary (Brackett) Reed, was born 
on Peak's Island, .August 24, 1803, and died in 
Portland, 1883. He married, in 1838, Matilda 
R. Mitchell. Children: Thomas B., men- 
tioned below. Harriet L. S., born June, 1846, 
married Elisha W. Conley, manager of the 
Standard Oil Works, Portland. 

(HI) Thomas Brackett (2), only son of 
Thomas Brackett (i) and Matilda R. 
(Mitchell) Reed, was born October 13, 1839, 
in a house on Hancock street, Portland, near 
the house where the poet Longfellow first saw 
the light. He attended the public schools 
where he prepared for college, and in 1856 en- 
tered Bowdoin College. In his class were 
many students who afterward attained dis- 
tinction. From Portland were Joseph W. 
Symonds, now one of the foremost lawyers in 
the state, William W. Thomas, now minister 
to Sweden, Colonel Albert W. Bradbury, John 
Marshall Brown, Nicholas E. Boyd and Sam- 
uel S. Boyd. Other well known members of 
the class were Hon. Amos L. Allen, since rep- 
resentative in the national legislature. Horace 
H. Burbank, of Saco, Abner H. Davis, and 
John F. .\ppleton, of Bangor. While he, in a 
measure, pursued his studies to suit himself 
and did not follow closely the college curricu- 
lum, he was still at graduation among the very 
first in his class for the scholarship required. 
At commencement he delivered an oration, and 
the subject he chose was the "Fear of Death," 
and his method of treating it made a profound 
impression on his hearers. A classmate said 
of him : "It is safe to say that no young man 
ever departcl from Bowdoin College leaving 
behind him a stronger impression of intel- 
lectual capacity, of power reserved and hith- 
erto unused, of ability to act a high and noble 
part in public life or a more universal expecta- 
tion among teachers and classmates of great 
antl brilliant service in the future. His old 
teachers at Bowdoin if they were still living 
would look with no surprise upon the achieve- 
ments of his life, great and splendid as they 
have been." After leaving college he taught 
for something more than a year, being a part 
of that time an assistant in the Portland high 
school. During this time he was studying law 
in the office of Howard & Strout in Portland. 
Later he went to California, where he was ad- 
mitted to the bar. but he soon returned to 
Portland. In April, 1864, he was appointed 
assistant paymaster in the L^nited States navy, 
and attached to the "tinclad" "Sibyl," whose 
commander subsequently performed the re- 
markable task of bringing the obelisk "Cleo- 



38 



STATE OF MAINE. 



patra's Needle" from Egypt to New York City. 
Leaving the navy, he returned to Portland 
and was admitted to the bar. He rose rapidly 
in his profession and soon became conspicuous 
in his profession. 

His political career began in 1867, when he 
was elected to the Maine house of representa- 
tives from Portland. He served on the ju- 
diciary committee and it was largely due to his 
efforts that the superior court was established 
in Cumberland county. After serving two 
terms in the house he was elected to the sen- 
ate from Cumberland county. Before his term 
expired he was chosen attorney general, his 
competitors being Harris M. Plaisted and Ed- 
win B. Smith, both men of distinction. He 
was then but thirty years old, the youngest 
man who had held this office in Maine. Mr. 
Reed filled this office three years and during 
that time he tried many important cases. On 
his recommendation as attorney general the 
law was so changed that a wife could testify 
against her husband. At the end of his term 
of service as attorney general Mr. Reed be- 
came city solicitor of Portland and served 
four years ; many important cases effecting the 
city's interests arose during this period. At 
one time Mr. Reed was associated with 
Manasseh Smith in the practice of law and 
subsequently for a time with Hon. Clarence 
Hale, afterwards judge of the United States 
district court. In 1876 Mr. Reed became a 
candidate for the Republican nomination to 
congress against Congressman John H. Bur- 
leigh, and this marked his entry into national 
politics. The contest was a memorable one, 
but Mr. Reed received the nomination by a 
small margin and was elected by a plurality 
of about a thousand over his opponent, John 
M. Goodwin, the Democratic candidate. Un- 
til he resigned in 1899, Mr. Reed was nomi- 
nated by acclamation for every successive 
congress and elected. Mr. Blaine alone ever 
had so long a career in the house of repre- 
sentatives from Maine. The house in which 
Mr. Reed first took his seat was Democratic 
and he received the treatment usually accorded 
new members, by being appointed on the com- 
mittee on territories. He made his first 
speech in congress April 12, 1878, and its 
clearness and cogency gave him a high stand- 
ing in the house. Another opportunity to 
demonstrate his acumen and efifectiveness came 
when as a member of the Potter committee he 
took a part in the investigation of the election 
of 1876, during which proceeding he e.x- 
amined many distinguished witnesses. This 
made him known throughout the country. 



Four years later Mr. Reed was chairman of 
the judiciary committee, a position of honor 
and influence. The following three con- 
gresses were Democratic and Mr. Reed had no 
conspicuous part except as a debater. Grad- 
ually he worked himself up to be the recog- 
nized leader of the Republicans on the floor. 
The distinction came to him simply through 
merit. He became the leader of the minority, 
because his party generally recognized that he 
was the man best fitted for the place. He had 
plenty of courage, was ready and effective in 
debate and thoroughly versed in the rules of 
the house and parliamentary practice in gen- 
eral to which he had given special attention. 
Mr. Reed's leadership excited no jealousies 
simply for the reason that all felt he had it by 
right. He had not thrust himself forward, he 
resorted to no arts to gain it, he simply dem- 
onstrated his capacity to lead and his party 
did the rest. In the forty-ninth congress his 
leadership was formally acknowledged by his 
party by conferring upon him the nomination 
for speaker. In the fiftieth congress he also 
received that honor. In 1888 Harrison was 
elected president and the fifty-first congress 
was Republican. Reed, McKinley and Can- 
non were candidates for speaker and Reed was 
made the candidate of his party on the first 
ballot, and subsequently chosen speaker of the 
house. It was as speaker of the house that 
Mr. Reed did the act that will always be re- 
membered as the most conspicuous one in his 
career. While the constitution was silent on 
the point it had been the practice from the 
foundation of the government not to count 
members present unless they answered to their 
names. The result was that frequently while 
there was a quorum of members actually pres- 
ent in the house business was paralyzed be- 
cause they would not answer to their names. 
There is no doubt that Mr. Reed formed a 
purpose to count a quorum long before the 
liouse met, and this purpose he carried out 
with calmness and deliberation. He first 
counted a quorum before the house had 
adopted any rules, acting under the sanction 
of general parliamentary law. When the 
house adopted its rules, one empowering the 
speaker to count a quorum was included and 
the practice was forever established that a 
member present is to be recognized as present 
for quorum purposes just as much as if he had 
answered to his name when it was called. 
There was a great clamor, and the speaker was 
charged with subverting, for partisan advan- 
tage, the very foundation of the government. 
The matter was taken to the supreme court 



S'l'ATI': ol' MAIXM':. 



39 



which sustaiiKd the Icgahty of Mr. Reed's pro- 
cedure, and what was pruiiouiiced revtjhitioii- 
ary and subversive of the rights of the people 
is now acknowledged by all parties as a cor- 
rect and sensible rule of i)rocedure. The 
justice of Mr. Reed's rules became apparent 
at the very next congress, which was Demo- 
cratic and adopted them in substance and ever 
since they have been the rules of the house of 
representatives. Mr. Reed's act, which now 
seems but a simple thing, was one that none 
but a man of iron will and courage that (jiiailed 
at nothing could have done. The enactment 
of the McKinley tariff bill was the most im- 
portant piece of legislation of the fifty-first 
congress and one of its effects was to tem- 
porarily raise the prices of certain articles. 
This proved exceedingly disastrous to the Re- 
publicans and the next congress was over- 
whelmingly Democratic. In that congress Mr. 
Reed became the leader of the Republicans on 
the floor. He contrived to hold this position 
during the next congress which was also Dem- 
ocratic, and he led the onslaught against the 
Wilson tarilif bill which precipitated one of 
the most interesting and important tariff de- 
bates in the history of congress. One of Mr. 
Reed's longest and most convincing speeches 
was made during this debate. In it he de- 
fended the principle of the protective tariff 
and pointed out in a most effective way the 
danger and folly of abandoning the home mar- 
ket and going in search of questionable foreign 
markets. The bill was passed and it brought 
to the Democrats the same kind of disaster the 
McKinley bill had brought to the Republicans. 
The congress which was elected following the 
passage of this bill in the midst of Mr. Cleve- 
land's term was overwhelmingly Republican 
and Mr. Reed was again elected speaker by ac- 
clamation. 

In i8g6 Mr. Reed was a candidate for the 
Republican nomination for president and had 
much strength in the east, but the west was 
overwhelmingly for McKinley, who was nom- 
ir.ated. Mr. Reed's name was presented be- 
fore the convention by Senator Henry Cabot 
Lodge, of Massachusetts, and the Hon. 
Charles E. Littlefield, of Maine, made their 
seconding .speech. It was said at the time that 
if Mr. Reed had made certain promises con- 
cerning his cabinet appointments he might 
have had a much stronger following, but he 
absolutely refused to commit himself, prefer- 
ring to lose the prize rather than to tie him- 
self up with pledges in advance. Mr. Reed 
was elected to congress as usual in the fall and 
became speaker again by acclamation. The 



election of Mr. McKinley to the presidency 
made a vacancy in the chairmanship of the 
ways and means committee and to that va- 
cancy Mr. Reed ajipointed Mr. Dingley of this 
state, an apiiointment which aroused no jeal- 
ousies because of the conspicuous fitness of 
Mr. Dingley, though its effect was to give to 
Maine greater prominence in the house than 
any other state in the Union enjoyed. The 
important legislation of this congress was the 
Dingley tariff' bill which continues to be the 
law of the land. When the war with Spain 
was threatening, Mr. Reed was in the speak- 
er's chair and used all his influence to avert it. 
But the blowing up of the Maine had so ex- 
cited the public mind that a collision between 
Spain and the United States was inevitable, 
and all his efforts and those of the president 
and other conservative men of the government 
were unavailing. The war was fought to a 
successful conclusion. Mr. Reed had always 
opposed the acquisition of foreign territory. 
As speaker he had his name called in order to 
vote against the annexation of the Sandwich 
Islands. The annexation of the Philippines 
and Porto Rico was exceedingly distasteful to 
him and he regarded it as a proceeding 
fraught with danger to the future welfare of 
the country. His influence and his vote were 
always against it. Mr. Reed's career in con- 
gress ended with the expiration of the fifty- 
fifth congress. In the fifty-first congress the 
Democrats had refused to vote him the usual 
resolution of thanks, but when the fifty-fifth 
congress expired Mr. Bailey, the Democratic 
leader, presented the following resolution, 
which was passed amid the greatest enthusi- 
asm: "Resolved, That the thanks of the 
House are presented to Hon. Thomas B. Reed, 
Speaker of the House, for the able, impartial 
and dignified manner in which he has presided 
over its deliberations and performed the ardu- 
ous duties of the chairmanship during the 
present term of Congress." 

The feeling engendered by the acrimonious 
debates of the fifty-first congress had passed 
away and all united in paying a deserved tri- 
bute to the speaker. Mr. Reed was elected to 
the fifty-sixth congress, but resigned without 
taking his seat. For many years he had cher- 
ished the purpose to retire from congress and 
practice law in New York, moved thereto 
largely by family considerations, but there had 
never come a time when he could do so with- 
out seriously embarrassing his party. But the 
time had now arrived, where his work being 
done, and being no longer in sympathy with 
the policv of his party in relation to the for- 



40 



STATE OF MAINE. 



eign possessions, he saw a chance to carry out 
his long cherished plan of. retiring to private 
life, and accordingly after consultation with 
his friends, on the twenty-second of August, 
he addressed to the governor a letter of resig- 
nation. The campaign for the nomination of 
his successor was underway when Mr. Reed 
left Portland for his new home in New York. 
Saturday, September i6, before leaving the 
city, he addressed the following to the Re- 
publicans of his district: 

"To the Republicans of the First Maine Dis- 
trict : ^ , 
"While I am naturallv reluctant to obtrude 
myself again upon public attention even here 
at home-^ I am sure no one would expect me 
to leave the First Maine District after so long 
a service without some words expressing to 
you my appreciation of your friendship and 
my gratitude for your generous treatment. 
Words alone are quite inadequate and I must 
appeal to your memories. During three and 
twenty years of political life, not always 
peaceful.' you have never questioned a single 
public act of mine. Other men have had to 
look after their districts, my district has looked 
after me. This in the place where I was born, 
where you know my shortcomings as well as 
I do myself, gives me a right to be proud of 
my relations with you. No honors are ever 
quite like those which come from home. It 
would not be just for me to withhold my 
thanks from those Democrats who have so 
often given me their votes. This friendship 
I can acknowledge with all propriety even in 
a letter to the Republicans, for both they and 
you know that I have never trimmed a sail U> 
catch the passing breeze or even flown a 
doubtful flag. Office as a 'ribbon to stick in 
your coat," is worth nobody's consideration. 
That opportunity you have given me untram- 
melled in the fullest and amplest measure and 
I return you sincere thanks. If I have de- 
served any praise it belongs of right to you. 
Whatever mav happen I am sure that the First 
Maine District will always be true to the prin- 
ciples of libertv, self-government and tlie 
rights of man. ' Thom.\s B. Reed. 
"Portland, September i6, 1899." 
In New York Mr. Reed became the head of 
the law firm of Reed, Simpson, Thatcher & 
Barnum, and he resided in that city engaged m 
the practice of law until his death, December 
7, igo2. Mr. Reed always had a great fond- 
ness for literature, and in the midst of his 
political duties he found time to gratify his 
tastes in this direction. He was a frequent 



contributor to several magazines. He was also 
the author of a work on parliamentary law 
known as Reed's Rules. He was a popular 
after-dinner speaker and was much sought for, 
though he rather avoided taking part in those 
occasions. As a platform orator his speech 
was noted for its clearness and adaptability to 
the common understanding. He rarely shot 
over the heads of his audience and his humor 
was very taking. His convictions were strong 
and held with great tenacity and no one ever 
questioned his honesty of purpose or his thor- 
ough sincerity. He had little familiarity and 
skitl in the arts of the politician, but his suc- 
cesses all came from the strength of his in- 
tellect and character. No one ever thought of 
contesting the nomination in the first district 
with him, and it is safe to say that he could 
have remained in congress up to the day of 
his death had he so desired. Though he had 
been out of public life for three years he con- 
tinued to be one of the most conspicuous figures 
in the country and his words whether spoken or 
written always commanded the attention of his 
countrymen. Mr. Reed went to Washington 
D. C'to attend to some matters in the United 
States supreme court and while there suffered 
from uraemic poisoning which ended his life 
at the Arlington Hotel a week later. He was 
buried in the cemetery in Portland, Maine. 

Thomas B. Reed married, February 5, 1870, 
Susan Prentice, born in New Hampshire, 
daughter of Rev. Samuel H. and Hannah P. 
(Prentice) Merrill, of Portland (see Mer- 
rill). Of their three children the only one 
now surviving is Katharine, born in Portland, 
January 23, 1875, married, June 24, 1905, Cap- 
tain Arthur T. Balantine, of the United States 
army. 



The Bracketts of Portland 
BRACKETT descended from very an- 
cient ancestry in New 
Hampshire and from forbears who settled in 
Portland, Maine, while it was still known as 
Casco. Nearly all persons named Braciceit 
who reside in either Maine or New Hamp- 
shire, and persons residing elsewhere whose 
forefathers of that name lived in either of 
these states, descended from the immigrant, 
Anthony Brackett, of Portsmouth. 

(I) Anthony Brackett, who tradition states 
was a Scotchman, is supposed to have come to 
Little Harbor, near the mouth of the Pis- 
cataqua river, with the Scotchman, David 
Thompson, as early as 1623. His residence 
before 1649 is supposed to have been in the 
vicinity of Little Harbor and the "Piscatawa" 
house, on what is now called Odiorne's Point. 



STATE Oi' iMAiXE. 



41 



I'rom 1649 ""til lii*^ dcatli he is known to have 
lived a mile or so south of the harbor, west 
of Sandy beach, on or near the stream, Salt- 
water brook, and on Brackett lane, now lirack- 
ett road. In the year 1649 at a meeting of the 
selectmen, held August 13, it was voted "by 
common consent" to grant a lot of land to 
"Anthiiny ]?rakit," lying between the lands of 
Robert I'udinglon and \\'illiatu Berry "at the 
head of the Sandy Beach I'Vosh Reiver at the 
Western branch thereof." .\t a meeting of the 
inhabitants of the town held January 13, 1652, 
a grant of thirty acres was voted to "Anthony 
Brackite." March 4th following, at a town 
meeting, the selectmen were dirccteil "at the 
next lit time" to lay out the land unto the peo- 
ple at Sandy Beach, vid. unto William Berry, 
Anthony Brackil, Thomas Sevy, Francis Rand 
and James Johnson; March 17, 1653, a grant 
was made of land near Sanely beach by the 
people to various citizens, among whom was 
Anthony Brackett, "upland thirty ackers ad- 
jounge unto his hous and of Meadow 20 ackers 
more." March 20, 1656, he was granted "50 
acres more land than his former grant to join 
with his hous and to lye in such form as it may 
close to his hous so that it be not in any Man's 
former grant." February 3, 1660, 100 acres 
was granted to him as the head of a family 
"who had come to dwell in the town." In all 
he was granted over two hundred acres of 
land. March 31, 1650, he deeded land and 
buildings at .Strawberry Bank (Portsmouth) 
to William Cotton. Perhaps he had lived there 
before 1650. September ig, 1678, he bought 
land at "Sandie Beach from Henry Sher- 
burne." Anthony Brackett was a member of 
the Episcopal church, and was one of the sign- 
ers of a deed of a glebe of fifty acres to the 
church in 1640. He has usually been desig- 
nated as "Anthony the Selectman." March 8. 
165s, he was one of the selectmen for the en- 
suing year. In July following ne signed a 
warrant for collection of a tax to pay the sal- 
ary of the local minister and made his mark 
"A." Some years later he was again chosen 
selectman. His name 'is on the extant lists of 
those taxed to pay the minister's salary 1677- 
88; the tax, eighteen shillings, which he w'as 
assessed for the year 1688, is considerable in 
excess of the average amount of tax paid by 
his townsmen for the same purpose. In 1666 
he subscribed one pound ten shillings toward 
the support of the minister. He w-as one of 
sixty-one settlers who signed a petition in 
1665 when the king's commissioners came to 
settle certain causes of complaint in the col- 
onies. On this petition he writes his name, 



and does not make his mark, as in the former 
case mentioned. The settlers of New Hamp- 
shire were not involved in any way with the 
Indians before 1675. During King Philip's 
war, which began that year, the resident tribes 
of New Hampshire remained on peaceful 
terms with their white neighbors, but the set- 
tlements in Maine were all destroyed, and 
their inhabitants killed, driven away or carried 
captive to Canada. Thomas Brackett, son of 
Anthony, who lived at h'almouth (Portland) 
Maine, was killed in .\ugust, 1676. His chil- 
dren were redeemed from captivity by their 
grandfather, with whom three of them resided 
for several years. In 1691 the depredations 
of the Indians, which had begun two or three 
years before in Maine, reached the settlement 
at Sandy Beach. On Tuesday, September 28, 
1691, a band of Indians descende<l on that 
place and killed twenty-one persons, among 
whom were Anthony Brackett and his wife, 
and captured two children of his son John 
Brackett. The headstones at the graves of 
Anthony and his wife are still to be seen on a 
little knoll in Rye near Saltwater brook. Sep- 
tember II, 1691, only seventeen days before 
his death, Anthony Brackett made his will. 
He disposed of but little real estate by this in- 
strument, as on July 20, 1686, he had deeded 
his farm and buildings at Sandy beach to his 
son John. Anthony Brackett married, about 
1635, and the records show that he was the 
head of a family in 1640. His children were : 
Anthony, Elinor, Tiiomas, Jane and John. 
' (II) Thomas, second son of Anthony 
Brackett, was probably born at Sandy beach, 
then a part of Strawberry Bank (Ports- 
mouth, New Plampshire), now a part of 
the town of Rye, about 1635 or earlier. 
Soon after 1662 he removL-ci to Casco (Port- 
land), Maine. Little is known of him before 
his marriage, after which event he became 
prominent in the town, and was one of the 
selectmen in 1672. His mother-in-law lived 
with him in 1671, during which year he agreed 
to maintain her and in consideration received 
from her a deed of land. This land was situ- 
ated on the southerly side of the upper part 
of the Neck, and had been occupied by 
Michael Milton for several years. The house 
stood near where the Portland gas house now 
is. Thomas was a prosperous and leading 
citizen at the time of his death. While he was 
in office in 1672, his brother Anthony received 
a grant of four hundred acres of land. 

August II, 1676, Indians appeared at Casco 
and captured Captain Anthony Brackett and 
his family, and then divided, a part passing 



42 



STATE OF MAINE. 



around Back Cove, and a part upon the Neck. 
The first house in the course of the latter was 
that of Thomas Brackett, on the southerly side 
of the Neck. Between the houses of the two 
Bracketts was a virgin forest. The facts, se- 
lected from the conflicting accounts of the 
events of that day, seem to be that the In- 
dians went along the northerly side of the 
Neck until they had passed the farm of 
Thomas Brackett. In their course they met 
John, the son of George Munjoy, and another, 
Isaac Wakely, and shot them. Others who 
were with or near them fled down the Neck 
to give the alarm, and thereupon the Indians 
retreated in the direction of Thomas Brackett's 
house. That morning three men were on their 
way to Anthony Brackett's to harvest grain. 
They probably rowed over the river from Pur- 
poosuck Point and had left their canoe near 
Thomas Brackett's house. From that place 
they crossed the Neck toward Anthony's 
house, near enough to which they went to learn 
of the attack by the Indians on his family ; the 
three hastened on to the Neck, perhaps over 
the course covered by the Indians, to give the 
alarm. On their way they heard guns fired 
"Whereby it seems two men (perhaps Munjoy 
and Wakely) were killed." Thereupon the 
three fled in the direction of Thomas Brack- 
ett's house to reach their canoe. The Indians 
reached the farm nearly at the same time as 
did the men, who saw Thomas Brackett shot 
down while at work in his field. Two of the 
men succeeded in reaching their canoe ; the 
third, not so fleet of foot, hid in the marsh and 
witnessed the capture of Thomas Brackett's 
wife and children. The three men escaped. 
Among the Indians who were concerned in 
killing of Thomas Brackett was Megunnaway, 
one of the braves of King Philip, who was 
taken and shot by the whites the following 
February. All of the residents on the Neck 
except Thomas Brackett's family, John Mun- 
joy and Isaac Wakely, succeeded in reaching 
Munjoy's garrison house, which stood on 
Munjoy's hill at the end of the Neck. From 
there they passed over to Bang's Island, then 
called Andrew's Island. In this attack the In- 
dians killed, about Casco, eleven men and 
killed or captured twenty-three women and 
children. Thomas Brackett was about forty 
years old at the time of his death. His wife 
is said to have died during the first year of 
her captivity. Their children, as previously 
stated, were ransomed by their grandfather 
Brackett. 

Thomas Brackett married Mary, daughter 
of Michael Milton. Pier mother. Elizabeth 



Milton, was a daughter of George Cheeve, one 
of the most prominent and best known set- 
tlers of Casco. Children of Thomas and Mary 
(Milton) Brackett were: Joshua, Sarah, Sam- 
uel (probably) and Mary. 

(Ill) Lieutenant Joshua, eldest child of 
Thomas and Mary (Milton) Brackett. was 
born in Falmouth, formerly Casco, now Port- 
land. His father was killed by Indians and 
his mother died in captivity while he was still 
a child. After his capture with his mother, 
brother and sisters, August ii, 1676, he re- 
mained a prisoner until redeemed by his grand- 
father, with whom he lived some time after 
returning from Canada. "Probably not until 
the close of the war did he reach his grand- 
father's house at Sandy beach. His mother 
had passed away : all the personal efTects of 
his father had been destroyed ; the farm and. 
large tracts on the Neck alone remained to 
him, and when he arrived at an age to be able 
to cultivate and improve them, war com- 
menced with the Indians, which, but for a 
short interval of peace, lasted for twenty-five 
years. From this condition of privation and 
destitution he rose to become. one of the rich- 
est men in the province in his day." When 
the war of 1688 began he went to Falmouth 
and joined his uncle, Anthony Brackett. He 
was with .Anthony when he fell, and took part 
in the battle which followed the attack. Soon 
afterward he returned to Sandy beach. A 
certificate of service dated April i, 1697, shows 
that Joshua Brackett served as a soldier in 
the garrison at Oyster river (now Durham). 
New Hampshire, four weeks in i6g6. At 
times during the war commencing 1 701 and 
ending in 171 5, he was in the military serv- 
ice as occasion demanded, and was chosen 
lieutenant of a military company. During 
twenty-eight of the first forty-five years of 
his life there was continuous war with the In- 
dians. Of those slain whom he had to mourn 
were his father, grandfather, grandmother, 
uncle, Captain Anthony Brackett, uncle, Na- 
thaniel Milton; uncle. Lieutenant Thadcleus 
Clark; and cousin, Seth Brackett; of his rela- 
tives who were made captives were his mother, 
who died while a prisoner, his brother, two 
sisters, the children of his uncle, John Brack- 
ett, and the children of his uncle, Anthony 
Brackett. There is evidence that he was en- 
gaged in the coast trade, whether as merchant 
or as transporter is not known ; certain it is 
that he was the owner of vessels ; was also 
a manufacturer of lumber, owned a sawmill 
or two, owned one at Wadleigh's Falls in 
Strafiford comity, New Hampshire. Pie pros- 



STATE OF MAINE. 



43 



pered and accumulated property in whatever 
branch of business he eutija-^ed. Early in his 
business life he ])urchase(l land and farms 
from their respective owners adjoining one 
another and bordering for miles along the 
southern shore of the Great bay. "These 
lands around the bay were far the best in 
town. And here the prudent Bracketts came 
and settled down." beginning with a' tract 
over the line in Stratham, the farm extended 
into the present town of Greenland, the south- 
ern shore of the bay being its northern limit ; 
it is probably one of the most beautifully sit- 
uated tracts of land in the state. In 1726, 
fifty years after his father's death, he applied 
for administration on his father's property. 
Two years later his sons, Joshua and Anthony, 
took possession of the old farm. About this 
time he became interested in Peak's Island 
and other landed property of the Milton es- 
tate. With his second cousin, Anthony Brack- 
ett, a son of Captain Anthony, "the good pilot 
and captain for his country," of Boston, he 
contested the claim of Rev. Thomas Smith and 
others to the Milton estate, and succeeded in 
fullv establishing his own claim and Anthony's 
and got all but two-ninths of Peak's Island, 
and Joshua purchased Anthony's interest. In 
his will Joshua made to all his sons legacies 
and bequests sufficient to place each in a good 
financial condition. Although Joshua's an- 
cestors on both sides were or are believed to 
have been Episcopalians, he was Congrega- 
tionalist, joining those of that faith when past 
middle age. His children were all baptized 
the day he united with the church. The grave 
of Joshua is on the home farm, and the tomb- 
stone bears the following inscription : "Plere 
Lies Mr. Joshua Brackett Who Died June 19; 
D. y 1749, Aged •]•/ yes." Joshua Brackett 
married j\lary Weeks, born July ig, 1676, died 
in 1740, daughter of Leonard Weeks, who 
married Mary Haines, daughter of Samuel 
Haines, who was born about 161 1, in England, 
and died in i686; his wife was Elinor Neate. 
Their children were: John, Joshua, Thomas, 
Samuel, Anthony, Mary (died young), Abi- 
gail, Eleanor, James, Mary, Keziah, Margaret 
and Nathaniel. 

(IV) Anthony, fifth son of Joshua and 
Mary (Weeks) Brackett, was born in Green- 
land, New Hampshire, January 25, 1708. At 
eleven years of age he went to Falmouth to 
live. His father. Joshua Brackett, secured 
title to the large tract of land on the Neck, 
which he claimed as heir to his parents, and 
in the peaceful time following 1725 Anthony 
and his brother Joshua went to Falmouth and 



took possession of it. ( )n the Neck Anthony 
had, in addition to other tracts, a farm on 
which he resided, which during his life much 
increased in value. He also owned the greater 
and more valuable portion of Peak's Island, 
and this he conveyed shortly before his death 
to his .son Thomas ; he also conveyed to him 
and to third [)arties tracts of land including 
the homesteatl. As his wife did not join in 
the conveyance of this property, in later years 
and up to a very recent date, the descendants 
of Anthony labored under the delusion that 
they might recover the land thus conveyed, 
now in the city of Portland and of great 
value. 

Anthony and his brother Joshua were prom- 
inent in Falmouth in social and business af- 
fairs. Their estates extended from one side 
of the Neck to the other near its base. The 
house of Anthony stood at the corner of Dan- 
forth and Brackett streets in Portland, which 
latter street ran through his farm. The dwell- 
ing house of two stories, mentioned as the 
mansion house, faced the south ; in front of it 
was an orchard on the slope of a hill. Joshua's 
house stood on Congress street near High 
street. This house, which w-as burned after 
his death, he built after he had resided for 
some years in a log house which stood where 
Gray street is. At the time of Anthony's mar- 
riage in 1733, the brothers lived in this log 
house. Their residence in Falmouth began in 
1728. Between their houses was a swamp 
through which was a footpath. The division 
line between their estates was along Grove 
and Congress streets. Anthony's land in- 
cluded nearly all that on the southeast side 
of Congress street from about opposite Casco 
to Vaughn street, and a lot of nearly fifty 
acres on the westerly side of Grove street, run- 
ning from Congress street to the poor farm. 
Joshua's land lay on the northwest side of 
Congress street, extending from Grove street 
easterly. The houses of the brothers, on the 
outskirts of the settlement, were in an exposed 
position, and hostile Indians were seen in the 
swamp and near their houses on more than 
one occasion during the years 1744 to 1748, 
and a few years following 1755; but none of 
their buildings were burned, and no member 
of their families is known to have been 
harmed. Perhaps their escape from any dam- 
age was due to their preparedness and ability 
to protect themselves from foes. On the roll 
of Captain James Milk's company, under date 
of May 10, 1757, appears the name of An- 
thony ; in the alarm list of that company ap- 
pears the name of Joshua. The latter was 



44 



STATE OF MAINE. 



the older of the two ; though at the time An- 
thony was fifty years of age, he was not too 
old for active duty in those days, while Joshua 
was available when the alarm was given of an 
expected attack by Indians. Anthony died 
September lo, 1784, aged seventy-seven, and 
was buried on his farm in what later became 
Summer street. His remains were later re- 
moved to the Brackett cemetery on Peak's 
Island. 

Anthony Brackett married (first) in the 
First Congregational Church of Scarborough, 
Maine, by Rev. William Sergeant, Sarah 
Knight, February 14, 1734. Six children 
were born of this union. He married (sec- 
ond) Kerenhappuck Hicks, whose maiden 
name was Proctor, daughter of Samuel and 
Sarah (Brackett) Proctor. Their intentions 
of marriage were published November 5, 1756. 
After the death of her husband, rooms in the 
mansion house were set apart for her use 
which she occupied for a few years, and then 
went to reside in Gorham, where she died at 
the home of a son of her daughter, Meribah, 
in 1822. The children of Anthony Brackett 
were: John, Sarah, Thomas, James, Eliza- 
beth, Anthony, Meribah, Joshua, Keziah, Sam- 
uel and Nathaniel. 

(V) Tliomas (2), second son of Anthony 
(2) and Sarah (Knight) Brackett, was born in 
Falmouth in May, 174-I, died December 13. 
181 3. He was the owner of a large estate, a 
farmer and also engaged in otlier pursuits. 
His father deeded him nearly all the estate 
which he had on the Neck and also the greater 
portion of Peak's Island. He resided on the 
island from an early date, and probably dwelt 
there during the revolutionary war. At that 
time there were only three dwellings on the 
island. When Captain Henry IMowatt with a 
British fleet on October 16, 1775, arrived at 
Portland harbor, he anchored near Peak's 
Island, in Hog roads, between Hog and House 
islands and in sight of Thomas Brackett's 
house. Thomas Brackett married, December 

9, 1762, Jane Hall, born in 1740, died May 

10, 1810, daughter of Cornelius and Elizabeth 
(White) Hall, of Cherryfield. Children: 
John, Elizabeth, Sally, Patience, and Mary, 
next mentioned. 

(VI) Mary, youngest child of Thomas and 
Jane (Hall) Brackett, was baptized June 9, 
1776, and died November 13, i860. Her 
father .sold her two acres of land in front of 
the present Mineral Spring House, Peak's 
Island. This house, which may have been 
built by her father, was her residence. She 
married, November 10, 1796, Joseph Reed, 



who died April i, 1852. They were the grand- 
parents of the famous statesman Thomas 
Brackett Reed. (See Reed.) 



In the re<:;istries of the coun- 
BURRAGE ties of Suffolk, Essex and 

Norfolk, England, the name 
of Burrage occurs so frequently in the six- 
teenth century as to indicate that the family 
was a numerous one among the landholders 
of the middle or yeoman class. The name is 
spelled Burgh, Burough, Borough, Borage, 
Bearadge, Burrish, Beridge, Burrage, etc. 

(I) The line of the New England family 
of this name is easily traced back to Robert 
Burrage (Burrishe), of Seething, a small par- 
ish near Norton Subcourse, and nine miles 
south of Norwich. In 1901 it had a population 
of two hundred and eighty-four. Robert Bur- 
rage married Rose , by whom he had 

two sons, Robert (married Amy Cooke, died 
December 3, 1598), and Richard, and one 

■ daughter ^largery. 

(II) Richard, youngest son of Robert and 
Rose Burrage, took up his residence in Nor- 
ton Subcourse, a widely scattered village ten 
or twelve miles southeast of Norwich, with a 
population at the present time of a little more 
than three hundred. The village church was 
erected in 1387. Richard Burrage married, 
but the name of his wife is not known. Nine 
children were born to them, seven sons and 
two daughters : Henry, Richard, Thomas, 
Anne, Elizabeth, John, John, Owen, Anthony. 

(III) Thomas, the third son of Richard 
Burrage, was born at Norton Subcourse, Feb- 
ruary 28, 15S1. August ig, 1606, he was 
married to Frances Dey, by whom he had 
seven children, two sons anvi five daughters-: 
Mary, Margaret, Grace, Letitia, John, Hei 
and Anna. Thomas Burrage died March 2, 
1632, leaving all his property to his wife while 
she lived, with a provision that in case of her 
death the estate should go to his oldest son 
John, after paying certain legacies to his 
brother Henry and his sisters "Marie," "Mar- 
garet" and "Anne." 

(IV) John, oldest son of Thomas and 
Frances (Dey) Burrage, was sixteen years 
old when his father died. It is thought that he 
remained at home until he attained his ma- 
jority in the spring of 1637. All England at 
that time was bordering on revolution, and 
many, even more in preceding years, were 
seeking homes in the new world. One occa- 
sion for the unrest at this time was the ship- 
money tax demanded by the government from 
the inland as well as the maritime counties. 



STATE OF MAIXl' 



45 



and which Jnhn llain|ulcii. in the interests of 
the people, hroiiglil Ijofoie tlie judges of the 
exchequer clianibcr toward the close of 1636. 
Their ilecision greatl\- exasperated the people, 
and addetl to the general unrest. Bromfield, 
in his "History of Norfolk County," says : 
"At this time ( 1634) John Burridge, Gent, 
of Norwich, for refusing to pay five pounds 
assessed upon him towards the ship, was com- 
mitted to prison, but on payment was dis- 
charged. The ship-money was the beginning 
of trouble." It was evidently because of this 
unrest that John Burrage decided to leave 
Norton Subcourse, and make for himself a 
home in the new England across the sea. 
What share of his father's estate he brought 
with him, or in what vessel he sailed, is not 
known. The first new-world record concern- 
ing him is found in the town records of 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, under date of 
1637, as follows : "John Burrage, hath liberty 
to take John Charles' house lott by goodman 
Blotts. Good Thos Line had yielded him the 
house lott before good Charles in case Elias 
Maverick flid refuse it or leave it." ■ In the 
following year, in a record of the possessions 
of the inhabitants of Charlestown, occurs a 
record concerning the possessions of John Bur- 
rage, showing that he had not only a house 
and garden lot in Charlestown, but several 
parcels of land outside of that place. In 
Charlestown, or vicinity, he found his wife, 

Mary , probably about 1639. May 18, 

1642, he took the freeman's oath, having quali- 
fied for this by uniting with the First Church 
in Charlestown, May 10, 1642. With this 
church his wife united a year before. There 
is no record of her death, but it was subse- 
quent to 1646 and prior to 1654. In the year 
1654, or early in 1655, he married Joanna 
Stowers, daughter of Nicholas and Amy Stow- 
ers, who were of the thirty-five persons dis- 
missed from the church in Boston in 1632, 
forming the First Church in Charlestown. 
Nicholas Stowers died May 17, 1646, and his 
wife Amy died in 1667-68. John Burrage 
died October 19, 1685, leaving an estate valued 
at £246 8s. 3d. above indebtedness. His widow 
Joanna died December 25, 1689. He had 
three children, as follows: By Mary, his first 
wife: Mary, born March 8, 1640, married 
John Marshall, of Billerica ; died November 
30, 1680. Hannah, born November 14, 1643, 
married John French, of Billerica; died July 
17, 1667. Elizabeth, married (first) Thomas 
Doane ; (second) John Poor, both of Charles- 
town. John, born 1646, married, June 15, 
1675, Susannah Cutler: died June, 1677. By 



his second wife Joanna: Nathaniel, born De- 
cember, 1655, died December 21, 1056. Will- 
iam, born June 10, 1657, married Sarah 

■ — ; died 1720. Sarah, born November 24, 

1658, married William Johnson. Bethiah, 
born May 23, 1661. Thomas, born May 26, 
1663. Ruth, born I'ebruary 28, 1664, mar- 
ried Ignatius White. Joanna, died June 16, 
1668. Of John Burrage's two surviving sons, 
William for a while followed the seas, but in 
1714 he was described as "William Burridge, 
of Newton, Husbandman." He died in 1720. 
Flis children were : Elizabeth, born June 10, 
1 69 1 (in Boston), married, October 22, 1717, 
John Cheney. John, born February 11, 1693 
(in PiOston), married (first) October 9, 1718, 
Lydia Ward; (second) January 17, 1725, 
Sarah Smith; died January 24, 1765. Sarah, 
born September 21, 1695 (in Boston), mar- 
ried Benjamin Adams, of Newton. Lydia, 
married, April 24, 1729, John Cheney. Abi- 
gail, married, June 2, 1729, Edward Prentice. 
Ruth, married, October, 1731, Ebenezer Se- 
gur. 

(V) Thomas (2), second surviving son of 
John and Joanna (Stowers) Burrage, born 
May 26, 1663, administered his father's es- 
tate. He learned the carpenter's trade at 
Lynn, and there also he married, November 
20, 1687, Elizabeth Breed, by whom he had 
two sons and five daughters, namely : Joanna, 
born August 20, 1688, married Daniel Mans- 
field ; died June 8, 1733. Elizabeth, born No- 
vember 20, 1691. John, born January 26, 
1694, married, January i, 1718, Mehitable 
Largin; died May 15, 1761. Thomas, bom 
September 19, 1697. Mary, born March 3, 
1699. Bethiah, born May 12, 1704. Ruth, 
born February i, 1707. Thomas IBurrage's 
first wife died June 16. 1709, and in 1710 or 
171 1 he married Elizabeth Davis, widow of 
Robert Davis. In 1712 he was made a deacon 
of the church in Lynn and later a selectman. 
To the latter ofifice he was re-elected several 
times. In other important positions he served 
the town. He died March 11, 1717. The in- 
ventory of his estate amounted to £552 14s. 
His sons, John and Thomas, were the execu- 
tors of his will. John became a deacon of the 
church in Lynn. Fie married, January i. 1718, 
Mehitable Largin, by whom he had children 
as follows: Elizabeth, born October 30, 1721, 
died September 7, 1793. Lydia, born Novem- 
ber 25, 1723, married (first) April 19, 1750, 
Zaccheus Norwood; (second) May 20, 1763, 
Josiah Martin. Mehitable. born March 12, 
1725, died October 12, 1759. Bethiah, born 
1728, died May 14, 1728. John, born May 



46 



STATE OF MAINE. 



23 1730, did not marrv; died January 20, 
1780. Marv, bora 1733, died September 22, 
1751. Joanna, born 1735, died December 16, 
1751. Abigail, born 1737, died October 17, 
1740. , 

(VI) Thomas (3), the younger son of 
Deacon Thomas (2) and EHzabeth (Breed) 
Burrage, bora in Lvnn, September 19, 1697; 
married, January 30, 1722, Sarah Newhall, of 
Lynn. Their children were as follows: 
Desiah, bora January 18, 1723, married, May 
14 1743, Edmund Whittimore. Thomas, born 
January i, 1725, died March 8, 1751- Abijah, 
born October 27, 1729, died in infancy. Will- 
iam, born December 9, 1731, married, May 
20, 1760, Phebe Barrett, of Maiden; died 
September 23, 1820. Sarah, born December 
8, 1733, died September 16, 1752. Josiah, 
born April 30, 1736, married Susannah Rams- 
dell; died 1776. Susannah, born August 20, 
1740, married. February, 1775, Stephen Wait, 
of Maiden. Ruth, born May 13, 1744. died 
September 4. 1745. Abijah, bora July 8, 1745. 
died 1780. Ruth, born October 16, 1746, died 
January 9, 1748. Another child, born January 
7, 1748, died Tanuarv 9, 1748- Sarah (New- 
hall) Burrage died May 14, 1749. and Noyem- 
ber 15, 1750, Thomas Burrage married Anne 
Wayte, of Maiden. A carpenter by trade, he 
lived a useful, industrious life, and at his 
death in 1759 he left an estate amounting to 
£724 3s. lod. . . 

(VII) William, the oldest of the surviving 
sons of Thomas (3) and Sarah (Newhall) 
Burrage, born in Lynn, December 9, 1731, 
married Phebe Barrett, of Maiden, May 20, 
1760. In 1767 he took up his residence in 
Leominster, where in the easterly part of the 
town he purchased a farm of about sixty acres 
overlooking the valley of the Nashua river. 
His children were: Sarah, born December 31, 
1760, died December 3, 1776. Thomas, born 
December 4, 1763, married, August 21, 1791, 
Abigail Fairbanks, of Templeton ; died Octo- 
ber 10, 1828. Phebe, born February i, 1766, 
died June 17, i8og. William, born September 
2, 1768, married (first) February 2, 1792, 
Mary Joslin, of Leominster ; (second) June 21, 
1821, Roxanna Sanderson, of Lancaster. Jo- 
siah, born .\ugust 16. 1770, married, March 
7, 1800, Ruth" Kilburn, of Lunenburg; died 
November 5, 1856. Abijah, born April 24. 
1773, died September 10, 1787. John, born 
March 10, 1775, died August 15, 1779. Anna, 
bora February 4, 1778, married, May 5, 18 10, 
Benjamin Carter, of Leominster; no children; 
died March 12. 1851. Of these eight children 
only four survived' their father, viz. : Thom- 



as, William, Josiah and Anna. A good father 
and neighbor and a respected citizen, he lived 
to the ripe old age of eighty-nine years, dying 
September 23, 1820. His wife died May 22, 
1822, aged eighty-two years. Although forty- 
four years of age at the time of the Lexington 
alarm, at the outbreak of the revolution, he 
served as a private in Captain Nathaniel Car- 
ter's company, Colonel Abijah Steam's regi- 
ment, and later, in August, 1777, he marched 
with his company from Leominster at the Ben- 
nington alarm. 

(VIII) Thomas (4), eldest son of William 
(i) and Phebe (Barrett) Burrage, was born in 
Lynn, December 4, 1763. With the settlement 
of the country farther inland, he bought a 
tract of wild land in Templeton, Massachu- 
setts. He married. August 21, 1791, Abigail 
Fairbanks, daughter of Joseph and Asenath 
(Osgood) Fairbanks, of Templeton, formerly 
of Harvard. Abigail Fairbanks was born Oc- 
tober 28, 1772, and through her father and 
mother was related to the Prescotts, Hough- 
tons, Wilders and other prominent Lancaster 
families. Her father was one of the minute- 
men who answered the Lexington alarm in 
1775, and the Bennington alarm in 1777. Her 
grandfather. Captain Joseph Fairbanks, of 
Harvard, commanded the company from that 
town at the time of the Lexington alarm. He 
was a member of the committee of correspond- 
ence and safety, and also served as town 
treasurer and selectman. He married Mary 
Willard, a descendant of Major Simon Wil- 
lard, the founder of Concord, and for many 
years the chief military officer of the colony. 
Thomas and Abigail (Fairbanks) Burrage had 
twelve children, all bora in Templeton, as 
follows: Sena, born May 19, 1792, married 
John Burrage; died March 11, 1824. John, 
born IMarch 15, 1794, died September 25, 
1800. Abigail, born March 12, 1796, married, 
October i, 1818, Horace Newton, of Temple- 
ton; died September 28, 1850. Harriet, born 
March 12, 1798, married, November 26, 1829, 
Leonard Battis ; died March 5, 1884. Thom- 
as, born June 6, 1800, died July 29, 1826. 
Mary, born February 14, 1802; married. May 
26, 1825, Emory Burrage ; died IMarch 26, 
1883. Sarah, born March 26, 1804, died Au- 
gust 26. 1804. Jonathan, born IMarch 18, 
1805, married (first) June 19, 1826, Sarah 
Downe, of Fitchburg; (second) April 30, 1833, 
Mary T. Upton, o^f Fitchburg; (third) De- 
cember 14, 1841, Sarah T. Farnum ; died July 
5, 1854. Adeline, born June 10, 1808, mar- 
ried, December 30, 1830, David Child, of Tem- 
pleton ; died December 2, 1841. Joan, born 



STATi': I )1'' MAIXE. 



47 



January 14, uSio, nianii.il, June 29, 184-', 
David Child; died July 15, 1843. Soplironia, 
born April 20, 1813. married, November 2, 
1835, James Cutter ;\lie(l March 7, 1841. An 
infant son, born October -ig, 1817, died Octo- 
ber ig, 1817. In 1820 Thomas Burras^c re- 
moved from Templeton to Leominster, and on 
his father's farm took upon himself the care 
of his father and mother. 'J'here he resided 
until his death, October 10, 1828. Only one 
of his sons, Jonathan, survived him. His 
widow died February 19, 1862, in the Leo- 
minster Burrage homestead, having spent the 
years of her widowliood with her daughter 
Mary and son-in-law Emory Burrage. 

(VIII) Wiliiam (2), second son of William 
'(i) and Phebe (Barrett) Burrage, born in 
Leominster, September 2, 1768, engaged in the 
tanning and currying business in Leominster, 
and by industry, energy and frugality pros- 
pered in his business enterprises. In 1814 he 
was made a deacon in the Blrst Congregational 
■Church in Leominster, and filled other posi- 
tions of responsibility and trust in the com- 
munity. There were six children by his first 
wife and eight by his second wife, viz. : By his 
first wife : Mary William, born November 30, 
1792, died February 27, 1795. Polly, born 
December 29, 1794, died December 10, 1817. 
Leonard, born March 14, 1797, married, April 

15, 1819, Mira Allen of Leominster. Thir.sa, 
born June 16, 1799, married, June 12, 1817, 
Thomas Stearns: died May 24, 1819. Will- 
iam, born May 4, 1802, married, June i, 1824, 
Mary Ann Richardson, of Leominster ; died 
January 19, 1825. Caroline, born September 
10, 1805, died October 22, .1826. The chil- 
dren by his second wife, Roxanna, were: 
George Sanderson, born May 15, 1823, mar- 
ried (first) April 2, 1844, IMartha C. Phelps; 
(second) January i, 185 1, Aurelia Chamber- 
hn; died May 16, 1S76. William F., born 
April 5, 1826, married, July 25, 1849, Eve- 
line Lawrence; died November 11, 1873. 
Mary Jane, born January 12, 1829, died Au- 
gust 22, 1851. Charles ^V., born August 25, 
1830, married, November 30, 1854, Sarah J. 
Hills, of Leominster. Henry Augustus, born 
March 29, 1833, died April 10, 1838. Martha 
Ann, born March 17, 1835, married, February 

16, 1859. Porter M. Kimball : died Novem- 
ber 4, 1863. Henry Waldo, born March 31, 
1840, died March 19, 1841. Dana Barrett, 
born September 16, 1842. died April 28, 1843. 
William Burrage died in 1844. 

(\TII) Josiah, the third son of William 
(i) and Phebe (Barrett) Burrage, was born 
in Leominster, August 16, 1770. Married, 



March 7, 1800, Ruth Kilburn, daughter of 
William Kilburn, of Lunenburg, and in the 
year following his marriage purchased a farm 
in Leominster adjoining the farm of his father. 
Other acres from time to time were added 
to the original purchase. Here they lived for 
forty-five \ears, and here their thirteen chil- 
dren were born and reared, viz.: John, born 
October 30, 1800, married (first) 1820, Sena 
Burrage; (second) September 17, 1835, Mary 
Watson ; died August 26, 1843. Emory, born 
September 18, 1802, married, May 26, 1825, 
Mary Jjurrage; died September 3, 1878. Jo- 
siah, born July 24, 1804, married. May 15, 
1833, Abigail Studley, of Leicester; died July 

28, 1880. George Sumner, born August 10, 
1806, married (first) May 15, 1831, Cather- 
ine R. Smith, of Dover; (second) September 

15, 1840, Martha Ann Minot, of Westminster; 
died February 25, 1877. William, born May 
14, 1808, married (first) May 14, 1835, Mary 
Ann Jackson, of Roxbury ; (second) March 
31, 1841, Mary G. French, of Boston; died 
November 30, 1859. Almira, born February 

16, 1810. married, November 25, 1847, James 
H. Marshall, of Leominster ; died Novembei 
10, 1872. Sarah Ann, born November 9, 
1811, married, May 15, 1834, David McClure, 
of Cambridgeport ; died December 14, 1850. 
Joseph, born November 16, 1813, married 
(first) January 20, 1841, Frances S. Perrin, 
of Montpelier, Vermont; (second) June 6. 
1861, Mary E. Closson. of Thetford, Ver- 
mont; died August 30, 1873, Johnson Carter, 
born January 20, 1816, married, November 

29, 1838, Emeline Brigham, of Croton. 2^lar- 
tha, born February 4, 1818, married, Decem- 
ber 6, 1836, John Dallinger Jr., of Cambridge- 
port; died May 5, 1845. Elizabeth Smith, 
born May 2, 1820, married, November 26, 
1830, Peter Farvvell, of Fitchburg. Alvah Au- 
gusta, born May 30, 1823, married, May 17, 
1849, Elizabeth Amelia Smith, of Groton ; died 
November 6, 1893. Charles Henry, born June 
22, 1825, married (first) October 11, 1853, 
Mary Greene Hunt, of Boston; (second) Oc- 
tober 5, 1864, Lydia Love, of Philadelphia. 
Josiah Burrage spent the closing years of his 
long and useful life at North Leominster, 
where he erected a house near that of his son 
George, and where he died, honored by all 
his fellow townsmen, November 5, 1856. 

(IX) Jonathan, only surviving son of 
Thomas (4) and Abigail (Fairbanks) Bur- 
rage, was born in Templeton, Massachusetts, 
March 18. 1805. He learned the trade of a 
house painter in earlv life ; later, in Fitch- 
burg, he directed his atteiUion to the painting 



48 



STATE OF MAINE. 



and decoration of bellows ; and later still he 
became a manufacturer of varnish. As his 
business increased he removed to Cambridge- 
port, where he manufactured varnish for 
wholesale dealers in Boston. After a few 
years of business success, he purchased in 
Leominster the homestead of his uncle, Will- 
iam Burrage, and removed his family there, 
while continuing his business as a manufac- 
turer of varnish in Brighton. His business in- 
terests compelled him at length to give up the 
homestead property, and he made his residence 
in Roxbury thenceforward, continuing the 
manufacture of varnish there until his death, 
July 5, 1854, at the age of forty-nine years. 
Industrious, energetic, kindhearted, he pos- 
sessed the genial, sanguine temperament of his 
father ; and though diligent in business he 
took an active interest in the religious and po- 
litical movements of the day. In the list of 
members of the Fitchburg Philosophical So- 
ciety in 1830, his name is found among the 
names of the prominent men in the town at 
that time. His children were as follows : By 
his first wife, Sarah (Downe) Burrage: 
Leonard Downe, born June 26, 1832. By his 
second wife, Mary Thurston (Upton) Bur- 
rage, daughter of Joseph Upton, of Fitch- 
burg, the children were : Thomas Fairbanks, 
born July 4, 1834. Henry Sweetser, born 
January 7, 1837. William Upton, born De- 
cember 22, 1838, died August 12, 1839. Ed- 
win Augustus, born November 21, 1840, died 
September 15, 1841. By his third wife, Sarah 
T. ( Farnum ) Burrage, the children were : 
Mary Abigail, born November 10, 1842. 
Sarah Elizabeth Tilton, born November 2, 
1844. Martha Sophronia, born December 22, 
1846. Harriet Adeline, born March 2, 1851. 

(X) Leonard Downe, only son of Jonathan 
and Sarah (Downe) Burrage, born in Fitch- 
burg, June 26, 1832, attended the schools in 
Fitchburg and Cambridge, and then engaged 
in business, being associated with his father 
in the manufacture and sale of varnish. When 
about twenty-one years of age, while on a 
business trip to New York, he stopped in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, made sales, and 
was not again heard from. No further trace 
of him could be found, though diligent search 
was made. He was a young man of the most 
exemplary habits, of great promise, and noth- 
ing in connection with his mysterious disap- 
pearance has ever been revealed. 

(X) Thomas Fairbanks, oldest son of Jona- 
than and Mary T. (Upton) Burrage, born in 
Fitchburg, ^Massachusetts, July 4, 1834, suc- 
ceeded in 1854 to his father's business as a 



manufacturer of varnish, and was happily set- 
tled in Roxbury, Jvlassachusetts, when the 
civil war opened. His family and business re- 
lations alone restrained him from entering the 
military service at- the beginning of the con- 
flict. But as the call for more men became 
urgent, he at length found himself unable to 
turn a deaf ear to what he believed to be the 
call of duty, and July 29, 1862, he wrote: 
"The time has come when I can no longer en- 
joy the peace and comfort of my pleasant 
home without a sense of shame and dishonor. 
My country calls for my aid and I cannot with- 
hold it." He accordingly enlisted as a private 
in Company C, Forty-first Massachusetts Vol- 
unteer Infantry, and soon was appointed ser- 
geant. The regiment when organized and 
equipped was ordered to the Department of 
the Gulf, and landed at Baton Rouge, Louisi- 
ana, December 17, 1862. While in camp there 
he was taken ill and removed to the hospital. 
Not long ^fter a forward movement was 
thought to be impending, and without having 
fully recovered he returned to his regiment. 
Again he was ordered to the hospital, and 
again impatient to be with the regiment, he 
asked the privilege of returning. This was 
unwisely granted. The disease had fastened 
itself so strongly upon him that further medi- 
cal aid was unavailing, and he died in the hos- 
pital at Baton Rouge, April 29, 1863. The 
officers of his regiment bore beautiful testi- 
mony to his worth as a man and a soldier, as 
also did his fellow citizens at home. In the 
following winter the remains were brought to 
Roxbury, and after fitting funeral services, 
were laid to rest in Forest Hills cemetery. His 
children were as follows : Henry Thompson, 
born October 27, 1857. William Edwin, born 
July 15, 1859. Charles Albert, born Septem- 
ber 20, i860, died September 25, i860. Henry 
Thompson Burrage is an engineer connected 
with the office of the city engineer of Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts. William Edwin Bur- 
rage is secretary and treasurer of the Cam- 
bridge Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts. 

(X) Henry Sweetser, second son of Jona- 
than and Mary T. (LIpton) Burrage, born in 
Fitchburg, Januarv' 7, 1837, after his father's 
removal to Roxbury attended the Chauncey 
Hall School in Boston. Later he fitted for 
college at Pierce Academy at Middleboro, 
Massachusetts, and entered Brown University 
in the autumn of 1857. He w'as graduated in 
1861 with Phi Beta Kappa rank, and was the 
first of his class. In the fall of 1861 he en- 
tered Newton Theological Institution at New- 



STATJ'I Dl- MAINE. 



49 



ton Center, Massachusetts, with the Christian 
ministry in view ; but he iiad completed only 
one year of his course when the urgent call of 
President Lincoln for more men, which had 
stirred so ileeply the heart of his brother 
Thomas, stirred his heart, and he asked and 
obtained from the Theological Institution a 
leave of absence in order to enter the military 
service. August i, 1862, while visiting rela- 
tives in Fitchburg, he enlisted as a private in 
Company A, Thirty-sixth Massachusetts \'ol- 
unleer Infantry. In a few days he was made 
a sergeant, and before the regiment left the 
stale he received an appointment as sergeant- 
major. The regiment left for the seat of war 
September 2, and on its arrival in Washing- 
ton was assigned to the Ninth Corps, then with 
the Army of the Potomac. After service in 
that army the corps was transferred to the 
west and was with Crant at \ icksburg, after- 
ward with Sherman in the Jackson campaign, 
later in East Tennessee and at the siege of 
Knoxvillc. Returning with the corps again 
to Virginia in the spring of 1864, Sergeant- 
Alajor Burrage, who meanwhile had been 
commissioned second lieutenant and first lieu- 
tenant, was wounded in the right shoulder at 
Cold Harbor, June 3, and while he was at 
home on account of his wound he v.'as com- 
missioned captain. Returning to his regiment 
in September, he was captured at Petersburg, 
November i, and was a prisoner at Richmond 
and Danville until February 22, 1865. His 
last service was as acting adjutant general on 
the stafif of General John I. Curtin, command- 
ing the First Brigade, Second Division, Ninth 
-Army Corps. After the great review in Wash- 
ington, he returned to Massachusetts with his 
regiment, and was mustered out of the service 
June 8, 1865. March 13, 1865, he was 
brevetted major of the United States Volun- 
teers "for gallant and meritorious services in 
the campaign from the Rapidan to the James." 
In the autumn of 1865 he resumed his studies 
at Newton, and was graduated with the class 
of 1867. While at Newton he prepared and 
published "Brown University in the Civil 
War." He then went to Germany for the pur- 
pose of continuing his theological studies at 
the University at Halle. Returning to this 
country in 1869, lie accepted a call to the pas- 
torate of the Baptist church in Waterville, 
Maine, where he remained until October, 1873, 
when he returned to Portland, and became 
editor and proprietor of Zion's Advocate. 
While engaged in editorial work, he pub- 
lished in 1879 "The Act of Baptism in the 
History of the Christian Church." in 1882, ".\ 



Histor} of the Anabaptists of Switzerland," 
in 1887, "Rosicr's Relation of Waymoutii's 
Voyage to the Coast of Maine in 1605," with 
introductions and notes; in 1888, "Baptist 
Hymn W' riters and Tlieir Hymns" ; in 1894, 
"A History of the Baptists in New England"; 
in 190^, "History of the Baptists in Maine." 
He was also the author of many historical 
papers contributed to magazines and reviews, 
etc. For more than a quarter of a century he 
was the recording secretary of the American 
Baptist Missionary Union, and for about the 
same length of time he was recording secre- 
tary of the Maine Baptist Missionary Conven- 
tion. He was for many years the secretary of 
the Maine Society of the .Sons of the American 
Revolution. He was also the first secretary 
of the Society of Colonial Wars in the state 
of Maine. Since i88y he has been the re- 
corder of the Maine Commandery of the iMili- 
tary Order of the Loyal Legion of the United 
States; and since 1901 he has been the chap- 
lain-in-chief of the order. January i, 1905, 
he became chaplain of the Eastern Branch of 
the National Home for Disabled Volunteer 
Soldiers. In 1906 he publisl:ed through 
George P. Putnam's Sons his "Gettysburg and 
Lincoln," and through Charles Scribner's Sons 
his "Early English and French Voyages." In 
1907 he received from Governor Cobb, of 
Alaine, an appointment as State Historian. 
He is a member of the Maine Historical So- 
ciety, the American Historical Association, 
National Geographical Society, the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion of the United 
States, the Society of Colonial Wars, the Sons 
of the American Revolution and the Lincoln 
Fellowship. He is also a trustee of the New- 
ton Theological Institution and a member of 
the Board of Fellows of Brown University. 
In 1883 Brown University conferred on him 
the honorory degree of Doctor of Divinity. 
His children are as follows : By his first wife, 
Caroline [Champlin) Burrage, whom he mar- 
ried ]\Iay 19, 1873, Champlin, Thomas Jayne. 
By his second wife, Ernestine Male (Gid- 
dings) Burrage, whom he married November 
8, 1881 : Margaret Ernestine, born May 22, 
1883, died October 20, 1888; .Mildred Gid- 
dings, born May 18, 1890; and Madeline, born 
December 19. 1891. 

(XI) Champlin, elder son of Henry .S. and 
Caroline (Champlin) Burrage, was born in 
Portland, Maine, April 14. 1874. His mother 
was the only daughter of the Rev. James Tift 
and Mary Ann (Pierce) Champlin, of Water- 
ville, Maine. Dr. Champlin was for many 
years president of Colby University (now 



50 



STATE OF MAINE. 



Colby College), and a well-known author of 
college textbooks. Through his grandfather 
and grandmother, Champlin Burrage is con- 
nected with many Rhode Island families. He 
prepared for college at the Portland high 
school, and at graduation received one of the 
Brown medals. He next entered Brown Uni- 
versity, and was graduated with the class of 
1896. During his university course he was 
for two years an editor of the Brunonian. was 
elected a member of the Phi Beta Kappa So- 
ciety (first division), and at his graduation 
received the medal of the Rhode Island So- 
ciety of the Sons of the American Revolution 
for the best essay of the "Principles of the 
American Revolution." He then studied at 
the Newton Theological Institution at Newton 
Center, Massachusetts, until the summer of 
1899, when he went abroad to continue work 
along historical lines. After an absence of 
two years, chiefly spent in the universities of 
Marburg and Berlin, and the last part of which 
was spent in Italy, Greece and England, he 
returned to this country and prepared for 
publication a work entitled "The Origin and 
Development of the Church Covenant Idea." 
This was published in 1904. Meanwhile he 
returned to England for other research work 
in various libraries of Cambridge, Oxford, 
London, etc., and for three successive years 
he held the foreign research fellowship of 
Newton Theological Institution. In the course 
of his investigations he discovered three origi- 
nal manuscripts of Robert Brown, the father 
of Congregationalism. In 1904 he published 
in London, through the Congregational His- 
torical Society of England, "A New Years 
Guift, and hitherto Lost Treatise by Robert 
Browne." In 1906, at the Oxford University 
Press, he published "The True Story of Rob- 
ert Browne," and in i(P7, also at the same 
Press, he published "The 'Retractation' of Rob- 
ert Browne." The new material contained in 
these publications has compelled the almost 
entire rewriting of Browne's life. Mr. Bur- 
rage married at Oxford, England, September 
3, 1907, Florence Dwight Dale, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Theodore Dana Dale, of ]\Iont- 
clair. New Jersey, formerly of Marietta, Ohio, 
and at present is continuing advanced research 
work under the supervision of Professor C. H. 
Firth, M. A., of Oxford University. 

(XI) Thomas Jayne, second son of Henry 
S. and Caroline (Champlin) Burrage. was 
born in Portland. Maine, November 15, 1875. 
He was prepared for college at the Portland 
high school, and at his graduation was a reci- 



pient of one of the Brown medals. He en- 
tered Brown L'niversity in 1894, and was 
graduated A. B., with Phi Beta Kappa rank, in 
1898. After graduation he pursued graduate 
studies at Brown one year, receiving the de- 
gree of A. M., and then entered the Harvard 
Medical School. In 1903 he received the de- 
gree of M. D. from Harvard LTniversity. A 
year and a half he spent as an interne at the 
Massachusetts General Hospital. In 1904 he 
entered upon the practice of his profession in 
Portland. Lie is a member of the American 
Academy of Medicine, the American Medical 
Association, the Maine Medical Association, 
an instructor in histology in the Medical 
School of Maine, physician to the Female Or- 
phan Asylum, Portland, pathologist to the 
Maine General Hospital, physician to the 
Portland Tuberculosis Class, physician to the 
Portland Charitable Dispensary, etc. He has 
prepared several papers for medical journals. 
June 12, 1906, he married Harriet Greene 
Dyer, daughter of Mr, William and Lilian 
(Greene) Dyer, of Providence, Rhode Island. 

(X) Mary Abigail, eldest daughter of 
Jonathan and Sarah T. (Farnum) Burrage, 
was born in Fitchburg, Massachusetts, No- 
vember 10, 1842. She married, November 8, 
1 871, Oscar H. Evans, of South Royalston, 
Massachusetts. A lover of good literature and 
fond of children, she was a frequent contribu- 
tor to the Youth's Companion. She died at 
South Royalston, January 13, 1873. 

(X) Sarah Elizabeth Tilton, second daugh- 
ter of Jonathan and Sarah T. (Farnum) Bur- 
rage, was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
November 2, 1844. March 15, 1856, she was 
adopted by Mr. and Mrs. William H. Palmer, 
of Roxbury, Massachusetts, and her name was 
changed to Sarah Burrage Palmer. Her home 
for many years was in Roxbury. She is now 
a resident of Worcester, Massachusetts. 

(X) Martha Sophronia, third daughter of 
Jonathan and Sarah T. (Farnum) Burrage, 
was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 22, 1846. She died in Roxbury, Mas- 
sachusetts, November 13, 1861. 

(X) Harriet Adeline, youngest daughter of 
Jonathan and Sarah T. (Farnum) Burrage, 
was born in West Boylston, Massachusetts, 
March 2, 1 851. May 12, 1881, she was mar- 
ried in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to Robert 
F. Johnson, of Saginaw, Michigan. In that 
city the remainder of her life was spent. She 
was the mother of three children, all of whom 
died young. Mrs. Johnson died in .Saginaw, 
February 25, 1900. 



STATE OF MAINE. 



51 



Tlic lineage of a very large 
PUTNAM part of I'utnams of New Kng- 

laiul is traced to John rutnani, 
tile immigrant, the ancestor of several promi- 
nent citizens of the early days of Massachu- 
setts. The name comes from I'uttenham, a 
place in England, and this perhaps from the 
Flemish word piitte, "a well," plural puttcn 
and IhiiH. signifying a "home," and the whole 
indicating a settlement h)- a well. Some four 
or five years after the settlement of Salem, 
Massachusetts, it became necessary to extend 
the area of the town in order to accommodate 
a large number of immigrants who were de- 
sirous of locating within its jurisdiction, and 
as a consequence farming communities were 
established at various points, some of them 
being considerable distance from the center of 
population. Several families newly arrived 
from England founded a settlement which 
they called Salem X'illage, and the place was 
known as such for more than a hundred 
years. It is now called Danvers. Among the 
original settlers of Salem Village was John 
Putnam. He was the American progenitor of 
the Putnams in New England, and among his 
descendants were the distinguished revolution- 
ary generals, Israel and Rufus Putnam. Much 
valuable information relative to the early his- 
torv of the family is to be found in the "Essex 
Institute Collection." In common with most 
of the inhabitants, they suffered from the 
witchcraft delusion but were not seriously af- 
fected. 

(I) The first ancestor of whom definite 
knowledge is obtainable is Rodger a tenant of 
Pultenham in 1086. 

(II) The second generation is represented 
by Galo of the same locality. 

(III) Richard, born 1154, died 1189, pre- 
sented the living of the church of Puttenham 
to the prior and canons of Ashby. 

(R') Simon de Puttenham was a knight of 
Herts in 1199. 

(V) Ralph de Puttenham a juryman in 
1 199 held a knight's fee in Puttenham of the 
honor of Leicester in 1210-12. 

(\I) William de Puttenham is the next in 
line. 

(YH) John de Puttenham was lord of the 
manor of Puttenham in 1291 and was a son 
of William. His wife "Lady of Puttenham, 
held half a knight's fee in Puttenham of the 
honor of Wallingford in 1303." 

(VIII) Sir Rodger de Puttenham, son of 
the Lady of Puttenham, was born prior to 
1272, and with his wife Alina had a grant of 
lands in Penne in 131 5. He was sheriff of 



Herts in 1322, in which year he supported Ed- 
w^ard II against the Mortimers. His wife, 
perhaps identical with Helen, is called a daugh- 
ter of John Spigornel, and was married (sec- 
ond) to Thomas de la Hay, King's commis- 
sioner, knight of tlie sheer, in 1337, who 
held Puttenham with reversion to the heirs 
of Rodger Puttenham, and land in Penne in 
right of his wife. 

(IX) Sir Rodger de Puttenham was par- 
doned by the king in 1338, probably on ac- 
count of some political offense. The next 
year he was a follower of Sir John de Molyns, 
and was knight of the sheer from 1355 to 
1374. He had a grant of remainder after the 
death of Christian Bordolfe of the manor of 
Long Marston, in 1370-71. He had a second 
wife, Marjorie, in 1370. 

(X) Robert, son of Sir Rodger de Putten- 
ham, in 1346, held part of a knight's fee in 
Marston, which the Lady of Puttenham held. 
He was living in 1356. 

(XI) William, son of Robert de Puttenham 
of Puttenham and Penne, was commissioner 
of the peace for Herts in 1377, and was called 
"of Berk Hampstead." He was sergeant-at- 
arms in 1376. He married Margaret, daugh- 
ter of John de Warbleton, who died in 1375, 
when his estates of Warbleton, Sherfield, etc., 
passed to the Putnams. They had children: 
Henry, Robert and William. 

(X'll) Henry, son of William and Margaret 
(Warbleton) de Puttenham, was near sixty 
years of age in 1468, and died July 6, 1473. 
He married Elizabeth, widow of Jeffrey Good- 
luck, who died in i486, and was probably his 
second wife. 

(XIII) William, eldest son of Henry Put- 
tenham, was in possession of Puttenham, 
Penne, Sherfield and other estates. He was 
buried in London, and his will was proved 
Julv 23, 1492. He married Anne, daughter of 
John Hampden, of Hampden, who was living 
in i486. They had sons: Sir George, Thom- 
as and Nicholas. 

(XIV) Nicholas, third son of William and 
Ann Puttenham, and Penne, in 1534, bore the 
same arms as his elder brother, Sir George. 
He had sons : John and Henry. 

(XV) Henry, younger son of Nicholas Put- 
nam, was named in the will of his brother 
John, in 1526. 

(XVI) Richard, son of Henry Putnam, was 
of Eddelsboro in 1524, and owned land in 
Slapton. His will was proved February 26, 
1557, and he left a widow Joan. He had sons : 
Harry and John. 

(X'\'II) John, second son of Richard and 



STATE OF MAINE. 



Joan Putnam, of Wingrave and Slapton, was 
buried October 2, 1573, and his will was 
proved November 14 following. His wife 
Margaret was buried January 27, 1668. They 
had sons; Nicholas, Richard, Thomas and 
John. 

(XVTII) Nicholas, eldest son of John and 
Margaret Putnam, of Windgrave and Stuke- 
ley, died before September 27, 1598, on which 
date his will was proved. His wife Margaret 
was a daughter of John Goodspeed. She mar- 
ried (second) in 1614, William Huxley, and 
died January 8, 1619. They had children: 
John, Anne, Elizabeth, Thomas and Richard. 

(I) John, eldest son of Nicholas and Mar- 
garet (Goodspeed) Putnam, was of the nine- 
teenth generation in the English line, and first 
of the American line. He was born about 
1580, and died suddenly in Salem Village, now 
Danvers, Massachusetts, December 30, 1662, 
aged about eighty years. It is known that he 
was resident of Aston Abbotts, England, as 
late as 1627, as the date of the baptism of the 
youngest son shows, but just when he came 
to New England is not known. Family tra- 
dition is responsible for the date 1634, and 
the tradition is known to have been in the 
family over one hundred and fifty years. In 
1 64 1, new style, John Putnam was granted 
land in Salem. He was a farmer and exceed- 
ingly well oiT for those times. He wrote a 
fair hand, as deeds on file show. In these 
deeds he styled himself "yeoman" ; once, in 
1655, "husbandman." His land amounted to 
two hundred and fifty acres, and was situated 
between Davenport's hill and Potter's hill. 
John Putnam was admitted to the church in 
1647, six years later than his wife, and was 
also a freeman the same year. The town of 
Salem in 1 6.^14 voted that a patrol of two men 
be appointed each Lord's day to walk forth 
during worship and take notice of such who 
did not attend service and who were idle, etc., 
and to present such cases to the magistrate ; all 
of those appointed were men of standing in 
the community. For the ninth dav John Put- 
nam and John Hathorne were appointed. The 
following account of the death of John Put- 
nam was written in 1733 by his grandson Ed- 
ward : "He ate his supper, went to prayer with 
his family and died before he went to sleep." 
He married, -in England, Priscilla (perhaps 
Gould), who was admitted to the church in 
Salem in 1641. Their children, baptized at 
Aston Abbotts, were: Elizabeth; Thomas, 
grandfather of General Israel Putnam, of the 
revolutionary war; John. Nathaniel, .Sara, 
Phoebe and John. 



(II) Captain John (2), second son and 
third child of John (i) and Priscilla (Gould) 
Putnam, was born at Aston Abbotts, in Alay, 
1627; buried in Salem Village, April 7, 1710. 
He was admitted a freeman in 1665 ; served 
as a deputy to the general court in 1679; and 
was captain of a local militia company. March 

7, 1650, he married Rebecca Prince, stepdaugh- 
ter of John Gedney, and sister of Robert 
Prince, of Salem Village. Children : Rebecca, 
Sarah, Priscilla, Jonathan, James, Hannah, 
Eleazer, John, Susanna and Ruth. 

(HI) Captain Jonathan, fourth child and 
eldest son of Captain John (2) and Rebecca 
(Prince) Putnam, was born in Salem Village, 
March 17, 1659; died there March 2, 1739. 
He erected a dwelling house on the Topsfield 
road, not far from his father's homestead, and 
it is recorded that he was a farmer in ex- 
cellent circumstances. He married (first) 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth 
Whipple. She died in early womanhood, and 
the oldest inscription in the Wadsworth bury- 
ing-grornd reads as follows : "Here lyes the 
body of Elizabeth, ye wife of Jonathan Put- 
nam, aged about 22 years ; Deceased ye 7th of 
August, 1682." Jonathan married (second) 
Lydia, daughter of Anthony and Elizabeth 
(Whipple) Potter, of Ipswich, 2^Iassachusetts. 
Her will was made September 14, 1742, and 
proved April 8, 1745. His first wife bore him 
one son, Samuel, who died in infancy. The 
children of his second union were : Lydia, 
Elizabeth. Ruth, Susanna, Jonathan, Esther, 
Jeremiah (died in infancy), Joshua (died in 
infancy) and David. 

(IV) Jonathan (2), fifth child and eldest 
son of Captain Jonathan (1) and L}-dia (Pot- 
ter) Putnam, was born in Salem Milage, May 

8, 1691. He was a lifelong resident of Salem 
Village and a prosperous farmer. He died 
January 17, 1732. He married, about 1714, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth 
Putnam. In 1736 she became the second wife 
of Captain Benjamin Holton, son of Benjrunin 
and Sarah Holton, of Salem. He died in 1744, 
and the following year his widow married 
(third) Edward Carlton, of Haverhill. Jona- 
than Putnam was the father of seven children : 
Jonathan, died in infancy ; a second Jonathan ; 
Nathaniel : David ; Elizabeth, died in infancy ; 
Marv, and another Elizabeth. 

(\') Jonathan (3), second child of Jona- 
than (2) and Elizabeth (Putnam) Putnam, 
was born in Salem \'illagc, July 13, 1715; was 
baptized July 31 that year, and died December 
I, 1762. He was one of the prominent men 
of the village at the time of its incorporation 



STATE OF MAINE. 



53 



as the town of Daiivers (1757), ainl licid some 
of the town offices, such as tythiiigman, con- 
stable, etc. November 2, 1736, he married 
Sarah Perley, born Alay 12, 1716, daughter 
of Lieutenant Thomas and Hannah (Good- 
hue) Perley, of Bo.Kfonl, Massachusetts. Chil- 
tlren: Jeremiah, .Sarah, Jonathan, Hannah, 
Elizabeth, Lydia. Nathan, Levi, i'erley and 
Aaron. 

(\T) Captain Jeremiah, eldest child of Jona- 
than (3) and Samh (Perley) Putnam, was 
born in Salem X'illage, October 31, 1737. At 
the age of eighteen years he entered the col- 
onial militia for service in the h'rench and In- 
dian war, serving in Captain Andrew Fuller's 
company from February to December, 1756, in 
the expedition to Crown Point. He also 
served under Captain Fuller from March to 
November, 1758, and April 6 of the following 
year he reenlisted in Colonel Plaisted's regi- 
ment. As a member of Captain Jeremiah 
Paige's company he responded to the Lexing- 
ton alarm, April 19, 1775, and May 11 of that 
year he enlisted in the continental army as a 
sergeant. He was subsequently promoted to 
the rank of ensign, and while serving as such 
in the disastrous operations on Long Island 
under Colonel Hutchinson, he was taken pris- 
oner by the British. He was finally mustered 
out with the rank of captain, having attained 
the record of being a brave and efficient officer. 
His gravestone in the Plains cemetery at Dan- 
vers bears the following inscription : "Captain 
Jeremiah Putnam, who died September 16, 
1799, aged 62. An officer under the immortal 
VVashington." On February 3, 1763, he mar- 
ried Rachel Fuller; children: Thomas, Eunice, 
Jeremiah, Apphia, Elijah, Levi and Rachel. 

(\'II) Captain Thomas, eldest child of Cap- 
tain Jeremiah and Rachel (F"uller) Putnam. 
was born in Danvers, October 8, 1763. As a 
youth he went to sea, and becoming a master 
mariner, was for many years in command of 
vessels hailing from Salem. He died in Dan- 
vers January 22, 1822. He was a member of the 
Salem Marine Society. He married Mary 
Fitts, of Ipswich, Massachusetts (baptized 
May 15, 1763), daughter of James and Alary 
(Dutch) Fitts. She was a descendant in the 
sixth generation of Robert Fitts through (II) 
Abraham, (III) Richard, (IV) Isaac, (V) 
James. Robert Fitts, an immigrant from Eng- 
land, was one of the first settlers in Salisbury, 
Massachusetts, going there in 1640 and re- 
ceiving land grants. In 1662 he removed to 
Ipswich, where he died May 9, 1665, leaving 
a widow Grace, and a son Abraham. The 
latter married (first) Sarah Thompson, and 



(.second) Rebecca Uirdly. The children of his 
first union were : Sarah, died young ; Abra- 
ham ; Robert, died in infancy; and another 
Sarah. Those of his second marriage were: 
Robert, Richard and Isaac. Richard Fitts, 
thiril son of Abraham and Rebecca (Birdly) 
F'itts, married Sarah Thorne, and settled in 
Salisbury. His children were : Isaac, Sarah, 
Nathaniel, Martha, Richard, Ward, Daniel and 
Jerusha. Isaac F'itts, eldest child of Richard 
and Sarah (Thorne) Fitts, resided in Salem 
and Ipswich. The Christian name of his first 
wife was Bethia ; he married (second) Mrs. 
Mary Noyes, a widow, daughter of Thomas 
and Judith (March) Thorley, of Newbury, 
Massachusetts. His first wife bore him twelve 
children : Isaac, Rebecca, Bethia, John, Sarah, 
Jeremiah, Ruth, Abigail (died young), George 
(died in infancy), James, Abraham, and an- 
other George. Of his second union there was 
one daughter, Abigail. James Fitts, fifth son 
and tenth child of Isaac and Bethia F'itts, was 
born in 1718. He married i\Irs. ^^lary Dutch, 
of Ipswich, a widow, and reared five children: 
Abigail, Hannah, Sarah, James and Mary. 
The latter became the wife of Captain Thomas 
Putnam, as previously stated. They were the 
parents of seven sons and two daughters. Six 
of the sons followed the sea. 

(VIII) Jeremiah S., son of Thomas and 
Mary (Fitts) Putnam, was born in Danvers, 
Massachusetts, November 29, 1797, and died 
April 5, 1877. He was graduated from Bow- 
doin College, and while studying medicine be- 
gan to teach school in the town of York. At 
the conclusion of his studies he settled perma- 
nently in that town. He bought out the heirs 
of the Samuel Sewall estate, which was after- 
ward occupied by his son and grandchildren. 
Dr. Putnam resided in York about fifty-six 
years, of which fifty-four were spent in the 
practice of his profession. He was one of the 
most eminent and popular medical men of his 
day. The magnitude of his practice is shown 
by the fact that he assisted at the birth of 
more than three thousand children. He mar- 
ried Ruth Sewall, who was born in York, Au- 
gust 20, 1799, and died March 17, i860, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Sewall. and their children 
were: Mary Hannah, born 1829, died 1843; 
George W. S. 

(IX) George William Sewall, only son of 
Jeremiah S. and Ruth (Sewall) Putnam, was 
born in York, January 27, 183 1, and died April 
9, 1899. He attended both district and private 
schools in York, for some time superintended 
the farm for his father, and for a number of 
years was engaged in the grocery business in 



54 



STATE OF MAINE. 



Kittery in association with Daniel Norton. He 
received an appointment as writer in tlie navy 
yard at Kittery in 1862, and held this office 
for a period of twenty years, driving home 
every day except in bad weather, thus being 
enabled to superinten<l the home farm at the 
same time. He was afterward at home for 
some time, attending to a variety of duties, 
being trial justice for a period of thirty-five 
years, and had a great deal of probate work. 
He took the contract for mail and express to 
all the offices in the town in 1885, and man- 
aged this business until the railroad was built. 
He then assumed charge of the passenger, mail 
and express delivery from the depot, and the 
passenger delivery to York, York Village and 
York Corner, in which he was interested up 
to the time of his death. He was an active 
worker in the interests of the Republican 
party, and was town auditor for ten years ; 
chairman of the board of health for many 
years ; representative to the state legislature in 
1873; and was a member of the town school 
board in 1894-95. He and his wife were mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church. He 
was a charter member of St. Aspinquid Lodge, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, and prev- 
ious to joining that was a member of St. An- 
drews Lodge of the same order. He also be- 
longed to Riverside Lodge and Dirigo En- 
campment, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows. He married, December 22, 1856, Tri- 
phena J. Remick, daughter of Enoch and Sally 
(Kingsbury) Remick, who had children: 
Mary K., Ann, Sarah A., Joseph K., Triphena 
J., Betsey A. and Jane R. Enoch Remick, 
who was a native of Eliot, Maine, was a 
farmer, ship-carpenter and merchant. He 
died at the age of eighty-one years, and his 
wife died at the age of fifty-five years. Mr. 
and Mrs. Putnam had children: i. Jeremiah 
P., born December 4, 1857, died in boyhood. 
2. John B., born December i, 1859, died in 
early manhood. 3. William S., see forward. 
4. Mary H., born Jnly 16, 1864; married Rev. 
J. j\L" Frost, of Bengal, Maine; children: 
Emma, Harold P., Joshua C. and Ruth. 5. 
Sarah E., born August 10, 1866, died in child- 
hood. 6. Joseph Perley, born December 28, 
1867; married Sophia N. Marshall; children: 
Nathaniel ]\L, Marguerita T., Roger A. and 
Freeman P. 7. Ruth E., born April 14, 1871 ; 
assistant cashier York National Bank. 8. Jere- 
miah C. R., born December 23, 1873. 

(X) William Sewall. third son and child of 
George W. S. and Triphena J. (Remick) Put- 
nam, was born November 4, 1861. He was 
educated in the district schools near his home 



and the New Hampton Literary Institute. New 
Hampshire, and was at first a clerk for Leigh- 
ton & Son, of Portsmouth, in whose employ 
he remained two years. For a further two 
years he was with W. G. r^Ioulton, and then 
became associated with his father in the pas- 
senger and express business, an enterprise 
which has since been incorporated under the 
name of the Putnam Express Company, of 
which Mr. Putnam is treasurer. He opened 
a cafe in York in 1888, furnishing chiefly 
ice cream and confectionery. Mr. Putnam 
is interested in various business enterprises 
and has taken an active part in encouraging 
the growth of the town as a summer resort. 
In company with Mr. F. \'arrell he has erected 
a large number of handsome cottages for the 
accommodation of summer guests. He bought 
out the general store of Varrell Brothers, and 
this has been incorporated under the name 
of the Putnam Grocery Company. He is a 
Republican in his political affiliations, and is a 
member of the town committee. He was ap- 
pointed postmaster at York Harbor in 1897, 
and has held that position since that time. He 
is also tax collector of the York Village Cor- 
poration. He is a member of St. Aspinquid 
Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, of 
York; Lenity Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, of 
South Berwick ; Bradford Commandery, U. 
T., Biddeford; Maine Council, R. S. M., Saco; 
Kora Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., Lewiston ; 
and of Riverside Lodge and Dirigo Encamp- 
ment of Kittery, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. He married, 1887, Fannie L., daugh- 
ter of Andrew P. and Lucy Jane (Grant) 
Fernald, both members of old York county 
families. Mr. and Mrs. Putnam have had 
children: i. William F., born September 29, 
1888; graduated from York high school, and 
is now a partner of his fathc-r in the Putnam 
Grocery Company, and clerk in the postoffice, 
having entire charge during the summer 
months. 2. Betty R., born 1898. 



(For early generations see preceding sketch.* 

(ID Nathaniel, third son of 
PUTNAM John and Priscilla Putnam, 
was baptized at Aston Abbotts, 
October 11, 1619, and died at Salem Milage, 
July 23, 1700. He was a man of considerable 
landed property ; his wife brought him seventy- 
five acres additional, and on this tract he built 
his house and established himself. Part of 
his property has remained uninterruptedly in 
the family. It is now better known as the 
"old Judge Putnam place." He was constable 
in 1656, and afterwards deputy to the general 



STAI'i: ()!• MAINE. 



55 



ccnirl, i()yo-(ji, .srlci.-tm;iii, ami al\\a\s al lliu 
front on all local (|uesliuns, whether pertain- 
int^ to politics, religious affairs, or otlicr town 
mailers. "lie iiad great business activity and 
ability, and was a pcr.son of extraordinary 
powers of mind, of great energy and skill in 
the management of affairs, and of singular 
sagacity, acumen and quickness of perception. 
He left a large estate." Nathaniel Putnam was 
one of the princii)als in the great lawsuit con- 
cerning the ownership of the Bishop farm. 
His action in this matter was merely to pre- 
vent the attempt of Zerubabel Endicott to 
push the bounds of the Bishop grant over his 
land. The case was a long and complicated 
affair, and was at last settled to the satisfac- 
tion of -Allen and Putnam in 1683. December 
10. 1688, Lieutenant Nathaniel Putnam was 
one of the four messengers sent to Rev. Sam- 
uel Parris to obtain his reply to the call of the 
parish,. Parris was afterwards installed as 
the minister of the parish, and four years 
later completely deceived Mr. Putnam in re- 
gard to the witchcraft delusion. That he hon- 
estly believed in witchcraft and in the state- 
m.ents of the afflicted girls there seems to be 
no doubt ; that he was not inclined to be 
severe is evident, and his goodness of charac- 
ter shows forth in marked contrast with the 
almost bitter feeling shown by many of those 
concerned. He lived to see the mistake he had 
made. That he should have believed in the 
ilelusion is not strange, for belief in witchcraft 
was then all but universal. The physicians 
and ministers called upon to examine the girls, 
who pretended to be bewitched, agreed that 
such was the fact. Upham states tliat ninety- 
nine out of every one hundred in Salem be- 
lieved that such was the case. There can be 
no doubt that the expressed opinion of a man 
like Nathaniel Putnam must have influenced 
scores of his neighbors. His eldest brother 
had been dead seven years, and he had suc- 
ceeded to the position as head of the great 
Putnam family with its connections. He was 
known as "Landlord Putnam," a term given 
for many years to the oldest living member of 
the family. He saw the family of his brother 
Thomas Putnam afflicted, and being an upright 
and honest man himself, believed in the dis- 
ordered imaginings of his grandniece, Ann. 
These are powerful reasons to account for 
his belief and actions. The following extract 
from Upham brings out the better side of his 
character : "Entire confidence was felt by all 
in his judgment, and deservedly. But he was 
a strong religionist, a lifelong member of the 
church, and extremely strenuous and zealous 



in his ecclesiastical relations. He was getting 
to be an old man, and Mr. Parris had wholly 
succeeded in obtaining, for the time, posses- 
sion of his feelings, sympathy and zeal in the 
management of the church, and secured his 
full co-operation in the witchcraft prosecu- 
tions. I-fe had been led by Parris to take the 
very front in the proceedings. But even Na- 
thaniel Putnam could not stand by in silence 
and see Rebecca Nurse sacrificed. .\ curious 
paper written by him is among those which 
have been preserved : "Nathaniel Putnam, 
senior, being desired by Francis Nurse, Sr., to 
give information of what 1 could say con- 
cerning his wife's liie and conversation. 1, 
the above said, have known this said afort*- 
said woman forty years, and what 1 have ob- 
served of her, human frailties excepted, her 
life and conversation have been to her pro- 
fession, and she hath brought up a great family 
of children and educated them well, so that 
there is in some of them apparent savor of 
godliness. 1 have known her differ with her 
neigh.bors, but I never knew or heard of any 
that did accuse her of what she is now charged 
vvith." 

In 1694 Nathaniel and John Putnam testified 
to having livetl in the village since 1641. He 
married, in Salem, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Richard and Alice (Boswortli) Hutchinson, of 
Salem Village. She was born August 20, and 
baptized at Arnold, England, August 30, 1629, 
and died June 24, 1688. In 1648 both Nathan- 
iel and his wife Elizabeth were admitted to the 
church in Salem. Their children, all born in 
Salem, were : Samuel, Nathaniel, John, Jo- 
seph, Elizabeth, Benjamin and Mary. 

(Ill) Captain Benjamin, youngest son of 
Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Hutchinson) Put- 
nam, was born December 24, 1664, at Salem 
Village, and died at the same place about 
1715. He was a prominent man in Salem and 
held many town offices, being tythingman at 
the village in 1695-96, and constable and col- 
lector in 1700, and was selectman in 1707- 
1713, and was often on the grand and petit 
juries. He was chosen to perambulate the 
bounds between the towns of Salem and Tops- 
field, which was his last appearance on the 
records, in 1712. He held the position .of 
lieutenant and captain, was in the Indian war, 
and received the titles in 1706-1711. It ap- 
pears that he was imprisoned at one time, but 
for what cause does not appear. Among the 
signatures to the certificate of character of 
Rebecca Nurse, the names of Benjamin and 
his wife Sarah appears. Rev. Joseph Green, 
in his diary, mentions calling on "Landlord 



56 



STATE OF MAIN'E. 



Putnam" and that he was very sick and out 
of his head. December 30, 1709, he was 
chosen deacon of the church of the village. 
His will, dated October 28, 1706, was proved 
April 25, 1715. He gives to his son (minis- 
ter at Readhig) "one hundred and tifty pounds 
for his learning," "Overseers, Uncle John 
Putnam and Captain Jonathan Putnam." All 
his children but Josiah are mentioned. He 
was married August 25, 1686, to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Thomas Putnam (according to 
Colonel Perley Putnam), but on the Salem 
rcconls the births are recorded as by wife 
Plannah. tlis first wife died December 21, 
L70S, and he married (second) July i, 1706, 
Sarah Holton. His children were: Josiah, 
Nathaniel, Tarrant, Elizabeth, Benjamin, 
Stephen, Daniel, Israel and Cornelius. (Men- 
tion of Tarrant and Daniel and descendants 
appears in this article.) 

(IV) Deacon Nathaniel, second son of Cap- 
tain Benjamin Putnam, was born August 25, 
1686, in Salem Village, and died October 21, 
1754. He was a yeoman, and lived in Dan- 
vers, and probably part of the time in North 
Reading, Massachusetts. He was elected dea- 
con of the First Church at Danvers, Novem- 
bt^r 15, 1 73 1. He was married June 4, 1709, 
to Hannah Roberts, who died about 1763. 
Their children were: Nathaniel, died youn,,, 
Jacob, Nathaniel, died young, Sarah, Archcl- 
aus, Ephraim, Hannah, Nathaniel, .dehitaule 
and Kezia. 

(V) Jacob, second son of Deacon Nathan- 
iel and Hannah (Roberts) Putnam, was born 
April 20, 1 7 12, and died in Wilton, New 
Plampshire, February 10, 1801. He was a 
pioneer of Wilton, New Hampshire, and prob- 
ably located there in 1738, for in June, 1739, 
Ephraim and Jacob Putnam and John Dole, 
all of Danvers,"made the first permanent settle- 
ment in Wilton. For three years his wife was 
the only white woman living in the town, and 
during one winter the snow was so deep and 
neighbors so far away that she saw no one out- 
side her family for six months. The brothers 
Jacob, Ephraim and Nathaniel were all early 
settlers at Wilton, but finding the Indians 
troublesome they returned to Danvers, and a 
second time settled at Wilton and Lyndebor- 
ough. He was a man of great energy, and at 
one time operated a sawmill beside working 
on his farm, and in his later years made cans. 
He married (first) in July, 1735, Susanna 
Harriman, of Danvers, (second) Susanna 
Styles, who died January 27, 1776, and (third) 
Patience, mentioned in his will, which was 
proved February 28, 1791. His children were: 



Sarah, Nathaniel, Philip, died young, Stephen, 
Philip, Joseph, Mehitable, Jacob, Archelaus, 
Caleb, Elizabeth and Peter. 

(VI) Stephen, third son of Jacob and Su- 
sanna (Harriman) Putnam, was born Sep- 
tember 24, 1744. in Wilton, and died in Rum- 
ford, IMaine, June 29, 1812. He bought a 
farm in Temple, New Hampshire, and built a 
grist mill. He signed the association test in 
1776. Soon after he removed to Rumford, 
Maine, where his son Stephen had settled, and 
built a grist mill. He was a very influential 
and useful citizen, very ingenious and "Jack 
at all trades." He married Olive Varnum, 
wlio was born in Dracut, ^lassachutetts, 
March 7, I7-J2. Their children were: Stepiien, 
Olive, .Samuel, Esther, Mary, Elizabeth., Israel, 
Abigail, Rachel, Jacob Harriman and Ruth. 

(\'II) Samuel, second son of Stephen and 
Olive (Varnum) Putnam, was born May 29, 
1768, probably in Temple, New Hampshire. 
He married first, Lucy Styles, who died Feb- 
ruary 2, 1804, and married second, September 
16, 1806, Betsey or Elizabeth, daughter of 
Ebenezer Cobb, of Norway, Maine. His chil- 
dren by his first wife were: Lucy, Samuel, 
Jesse, Fanny, died young, and Jeremiah. By 
second wife : Hiram, Lois, Ira, Cyrus, Fanny, 
Betsey, Lydia, Ivy Atwood, Martha and Mary. 

(VIII) Samuel (2), eldest son of Samuel 
(i) and Lucy (Styles) Putnam, was born 
January 7, 1795, in Rumford. He was a black- 
smith by trade, and lived in Rumford, Mexico 
and Greenwood, and died in the latter place 
in 1854. He married first Susan Poor, daugh- 
ter of Nathan Adams, and second Sylvia, 
widow of Daniel Bisbee, whose maiden name 
was Stevens, of Sumner, Maine. His chil- 
dren were : Eliza Ann B., Charlotte Adams, 
Charles A. V., Mahalon Chaplin, Laura Aman- 
da, Flarrison \\'hitman, died young, Samuel 
Flarrison and Augustus. 

(IX) Charles Adams Varnum, eldest son 
of Samuel (2) and Susan Poor (Adams) Pui- 
nam, was born May 28, 1824, in Rumford, 
Maine. He learned the printers' trade, and 
in connection with Ossian Dodge published a 
literary paper in Boston, called the Boston 
Museum, of which Mr. Putnam was editor. 
He married Ellen T. Harrington, of Shrews- 
bury, Massachusetts, a daughter of Adam Har- 
rington, of that town. She was the author of 
several books, and also contributed to period- 
icals under the pseudonym of "Thrace Tal- 
mon." 

(IX) Harrington, only child of Charles A. 
V. and Ellen T. (Harrington) Putnam, was 
born June 29, 1851, at Shrewsbury, Massa- 



STATI-: ()!■■ MAINE. 



57 



cl-.usc'tts. After studies at the Lirafioii (Mass.) 
high school aiul the Worcester Academy, lie 
entered Colby College aiul graduated in the 
class of 1870. He read law with E. B. Stod- 
dard, of Worcester, and completed his prepar- 
ation for the legal profession (after studies at 
Meidelberg) at the Columbia Law School, 
where he received the LL.B. tlegree in 
1876. He has since practiced in New York, 
firm of \\'ing, Putnam & IJurlingham, being 
chiefly engaged in the branch of admiralty and 
shipping. Colby College conferred the de- 
gree of LL. D. in 1906. In 1904 he married 
Mildred Smythe, daughter of William G. 
Smythe, of Providence, Rhode Island. A son, 
Harrington, Junior, was born October 31, 
1906. 



(For ancestry see preceding sketch.) 

(IV) Tarrant, third son of 
PUTNAM IJenjamin and Hannah (or 
Elizabeth) Putnam, was born 
April 12, 1688, in Danvers, Massachusetts, 
and died in 1733, at Salem \"illage. He in- 
herited the homestead from his father under 
his will dated October 28, 1706. Administra- 
tion of his estate was granted on his estate to 
his widow Elizabeth, who was then with 
child, March 10, 1732. Elizabeth Putnam 
gave bonds with Nathaniel and Jonathan Put- 
nam. The will was probated April 9, 1733. 
He married, June 8, 1715, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Giles) Bacon, 
born November 26, 1695, died August 23, 
1761. Their children, all born in Salem Vil- 
lage, were: Tarrant, Elizabeth, Solomon, 
Mary, Gideon, Israel and Sarah. 

(V) Deacon Tarrant (2), eldest son of 
Tarrant (i) and Elizabeth (Bacon) Putnam, 
was born April 3, 1716, in Salem Village, and 
died August 27, 1794, in Sutton, Massachu- 
setts. He removed from Danvers to Sutton, 
and was admitted to the church there by letter 
from the Danvers church in 1747. He owned 
a large tract of land in Sutton. He left all his 
real estate to his son Israel. In 1775 General 
Israel Putnam rode through Sutton on his way 
to Bunker Hill, and stopped at the deacon's 
and had dinner. The flagstone from which he 
mounted his horse is still shown. He mar- 
ried, December 9, 1742, Priscilla Baker, of 
Topsfield, Massachusetts, who died March 16, 
1812, aged eighty-nine. Their children were: 
Tarrant, Molly (died young), Elizabeth, Pris- 
cilla, Sarah, Martha. Rebecca, Lydia, Mollv 
and Israel. 

(VI) Captain Israel, youngest son of Tar- 
rant (2) and Priscilla (Baker) Putnam, was 



born .May 22, 1767, in Sutton, and died Feb- 
ruary 23, 18^, in Sutton, lie was a cousin 
and close friend of General Israel Putnam. 
He kept a general store in Sutton for many 
years. He married (first) January 29, 1795, 
Hannah, daughter of Jonathan and Hannah 
(Dudley) Woodbury, who died September 20, 
1795, and (second) .April 21, 1796, Hannah, 
daughter of Lazarus and Hannah (Chase) 
Le Barron, who was born January 22, 1776. 

(VII) Dr. Israel (2), son of Captain Israel 
(i) and Hannah (Le Barron) Putnam, was 
born December 25, 1805, in Sutton. He grad- 
uated from Brown University, also Bowdoin 
Medical School. He began practice at Wales, 
Maine, and in 1835 he removed to Bath, 
Maine, where he acquired a large practice, 
and also took a prominent place in municipal 
afifairs, being mayor of Bath from 1859 to 
1865, and again in 1867. His administration 
was very able, especially during the trying 
times of war. He was bluff and frank in 
manner, liberal to the poor, not accepting fees 
when his patient could ill af?ord to pay. He 
was much respected as physician, magistrate 
and citizen. He married, January 10, 1834, 
Sarah Emery, daughter of William' and Annie 
(Emery) Frost, of Topsham, Maine, who was 
born June 25, 1817. 

(VIII) William Le Barron Putnam, LL. D., 
•son of Dr. Israel (2) and Sarah Emery 
(Frost) Putnam, was born May 26, 1835, in 
Bath, Maine. He graduated from Bowdoin 
College in 1855. He practiced law in Port- 
land, Maine, until he was appointed judge of 
the United States circuit court, having twice 
refused appointment to the supreme court of 
Maine. He was mayor of Portland in 1869 
and 1870. He was Democratic candidate for 
governor in 1888. He was plenipotentiary to 
negotiate with Great Britain a settlement of 
rights of American fishermen in Canadian 
waters, in 1887. He was a member of the 
Behring Sea Commission in 1896-98. He mar- 
ried, May 29, 1862, Octavia B., daughter of 
Nathaniel and Sally (Roberts) Robinson, of 
Augusta, Maine, who was born November 18, 
1836, in Augusta. 



(For ancestry see preceding sketches.) 

(IV) Rev. Daniel, sixth son 
PUTNAM of Benjamin and Hannah Put- 
nam, was bom November 12, 
1696, in Salem Village, and died June 20, 
1759, at Reading, Massachusetts. His father 
left him in his will one hundred and fifty 
pounds, for his learning. In 1718 the North 
Precinct of Reading voted to give him twenty 



58 



STATE OF MAINE. 



acres of land if he would be their minister, 
also "to build Mr. Putnam an house 28 feet 
long, 19 feet wide and 15 feet stud, a lenter on 
the back side 10 feet stud, three chimneys 
from the ground, and chamber chimney, and 
convenient parlor, and convenient well, in lieu 
of the 100 pounds, if Mr. Putnam finds nails 
and glass for the house." He was not or- 
dained until 1820, at which time the church 
had thirty-nine members. He was their min- 
ister thirty-nine years, and added one hundred 
and ninety-four persons to the church, bap- 
tized four hundred and ninety-one, and mar- 
ried one hundred and eleven couples. He mar- 
ried, February 25, 1718, Rebecca Putnam, born 
August 16, i6gi. Their children were: Re- 
becca, Daniel, Aaron (died young), Sarah, 
Hannah, Elizabeth, j\lary, Joshua, Aaron, 
Bethia and Susanna. 

(V) Deacon Daniel (2), eldest son of Rev. 
Daniel ( i ) and Rebecca Putnam, was born 
November 8, 1721, in Reading, and died No- 
vember 5, 1774, in same town. He was 
elected deacon of the church in North Read- 
ing in 1754, was selectman of Reading in 1763- 
68-71, and in 1773 represented his town in the 
general court. June 4, 1774, Hannah Putnam, 
spinster, was appointed administratrix on his 
estate. He married Hannah, daughter of 
Henry and Hannah (Martin) Ingalls, of 
North Andover, Massachusetts, who was born 
September 12, 1723, and died May 11, 1761, in 
Reading. Their children were : Henry, Dan- 
iel, Joshua, Rebecca, Aaron and Sarah. 

(VI) Henry, eldest son of Deacon Daniel 
(2) and Hannah (Ingalls) Putnam, was born 
May 7, 1755, at North Reading, and died No- 
vember 27, 1806, at the same place. He was 
a man of influence in the community, and was 
chosen deacon of the church in 1778. He re- 
sponded to the alarm of April 19, 1775, and 
served nine days in Captain John Flint's com- 
pany. He married, November 9, 1775, Mary 
Hawkes, of Lynnfield, Massachusetts, who 
died January 21, 1794, and (second) Lucy, 
daughter of Peter and Ann (Adams) Tufts, 
of Charlestown, who married (second) in 
June, 181 1, Jacob Osgood. She cared for 
James Otis, the patriot, for many years, and 
he was killed by lightning in her house. 

(VII) Henry (2), son of Henry (i) and 
Mary (Hawkes) Putnam, was born June 28, 
1778, and died in January, 1827, in Bruns- 
wick, Maine. He graduated from Harvard 
College in 1802, served in many town offices in 
Brunswick, and in 1808 was named as chair- 
man of a committee to petition the president 
to withdraw the Embargo Act. He was repre- 



sentative from Brunswick in 1813. He mar- 
ried, September 13, 1807, Catherine Hunt, 
daughter of Joseph Pease Palmer, of Ro.xbury, 
Massachusetts, who was born in 1793, and died 
December 12, 1889. She taught school in 
Brunswick from 1807 to 1825, when she re- 
moved to New York. Children : Henry, born 
1808, died 1815; Catherine, iSio, died 1827; 
George Palmer, mentioned below ; Elizabeth, 
1816, died 1875; Anne, 1819, died 1869. 

(VIII) George Palmer, son of Henry (2) 
and Catherine Hunt (Palmer) Putnam, was 
born February 7, 1814, in Brunswick, and 
died December 20, 1872, in New York. He 
received his early training, with his sisters, in 
his mother's school, a well-known and popu- 
lar institution of Brunswick. He enjoyed the 
sports of the times and region, skating on the 
Androscoggin river winter and boating up and 
down the same in summer. When he was 
eleven years of age he was offered an appren- 
ticeship in Boston to the mercantile business 
by the husband of his mother's sister, John 
Gulliver. The latter's son, John Putnam Gul- 
liver, was of the same age as young Putnam, 
and they became companions in the business 
training and work of the store. This establish- 
ment was devoted chiefly to carpets, and its 
owner was a man of strict puritanical views. 
The boys slept together in the rear of the 
store, and were chiefly occupied in keeping the 
place in order. There were few holidays, and 
the business day was a long one. The Sabbath 
was observed with full New England strict- 
ness, including morning and evening prayers 
at home, Sunday school, and two long church 
services. No reading was permitted on the 
Sabbath except in works of devotional char- 
acter, and there were very few books then 
available to the young men. Young Putnam 
had a strong taste for reading, and in later 
years he often referred to the "literary starva- 
tion" which he suffered in Boston, and also 
referred to the compunctions of conscience he 
experienced when surreptitiously reading a 
volume of Miss Edgeworth's tales. This be- 
longed to the forbidden class of fiction, and 
its reading was looked upon as a frivolity. He 
remained with his uncle in Boston about four 
years, and decided in 1829 to try his chances 
of securing a livelihood in New York City. 
From Brunswick he journeyed to Boston by 
sea, and again took ship thence to New York. 
Here he very soon became engaged in literary 
work, and during the first year after his ar- 
rival, when he was fifteen years old, he be- 
gan a historical manual which was completed 
in three years' time. In 1833 he completed 



STATJ: ()[■ MA1M>: 



59 



and published tlirougli West and Trow a 
weekly chronicle eniilled the Publishers' Ad- 
vertiser, lie undertook to review the current 
publications, which in that year included the 
first vokmie of J]ancroft's "L'nited States," 
Abbotts' "Voung Christian," Mrs. Sigourney's 
"Sketches," and Cooper's "Letters to My 
Countrymen." His first introduction to the 
book trade was made very shortly after his 
arrival. He speaks of his first studies as con- 
ning paragraphs in the papers beginning "Boy 
Wanted." His second apjilication was made 
at a little book and stationery store on Broad- 
way, near Maiden Lane, where he engaged 
himself to do errands, sweep, etc., for which 
he was to receive a wage of $25 per year, and 
board in the family of his employer, Mr. 
George W. Bleecker, who lived over his store. 
For a short time he was engaged as a can- 
vasser in the interest of a quarto monthly 
published by Mr. Bleecker, which took him on 
a cruise up the Hudson river. He was sub- 
sequently employed as first clerk in the Park 
Place House, an emporium of literature and 
art, and still later was general clerk and mes- 
senger for Mr. Jonathan Leavitt, in a two- 
story building at the corner of John street and 
Broadway, Mr. Leavitt being the leading pub- 
lisher of theological and religious books. 
About this time Mr. Daniel Appleton, founder 
of the great house of D. Appleton & Company, 
became connected with Mr. Leavitt. In that 
era an edition of one thousand copies of a 
new book was the average, and those of five 
hundred copies were as usual as any exceeding 
two thousand. After Mr. Appleton had es- 
tablished his own business, he and Mr. Leavitt 
published jointly an edition of one thousand 
copies, including some four hundred pages, 
prepared by young Putnam, entitled "Chronol- 
ogy, an Introduction and Index to Universal 
History." It had been prepared originally 
for his own benefit as a reference. It was 
his custom in these times to repair to the I\Ier- 
cantile Library, then recently opened, after 
the closing of the store where he was em- 
ployed, which was usually after nine o'clock. 
He read almost exclusively works of history. 
In the shop of Mr. Leavitt he was advanced 
to two dollars per week, and after a few 
months to four dollars. With this large in- 
come he felt able to buy a seat in church. In 
1833 he entered the employ of Wiley & Long, 
publishers and booksellers. In 1840 he be- 
came a partner, and the firm was styled Wiley 
& Putnam, Mr. Wiley being about one year 
the senior of Mr. Putnam. At that time the 



Api)lelons and I. & J. Harper were the lead- 
ing publishers in New York, and the princi- 
pal retail booksellers were Stanford & Swords. 
A very large jiroportion of the books then sold 
in New VOrk were imported from Lngland. 
In the firm of Wiley & Putnam the publish- 
ing division was in charge of the junior part- 
ner, while the senior gave his attention chiefly 
to the selling. Mr. Putnam held to the view 
that contemporary authors should have their 
proper share in the publication of their works, 
and he became intimately associated with Bry- 
ant, Matthews, Halleck, Cooper & Fay. In 
1840 he made his first business journey to 
England, in the effort to establish a closer re- 
lation between the book trades of the two 
countries, and in 1841 he made a second jour- 
ney to London and established a branch house 
in that city in Paternoster Row, the old-time 
center of the London book trade. The busi- 
ness of this agency was the sale of American 
books and the purchase of English publications 
for sale in the United States. Thus began 
the great publishing house, now having a 
world-wide reputation, and known as G. P. 
Putnam's Sons, and which still maintains a 
London publication office. The firm of George 
P. Putnam was established in 1848, and in 
1853 began the publication of Putitam's 
Monthly, which is now in the fifty-sixth year 
of its existence. 

In 1862 Mr. Putnam was appointed by 
President Lincoln collector of internal revenue 
of New York, and this position he acceptably 
filled for three years. His activities in con- 
nection with the spread of literature and art 
were numerous, and he was a founder, and at 
the time of his death honorary superintendent, 
of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In 1872 
he w-as chairman of the American committee 
on art at the Vienna Exposition. His literary 
work was early recognized by Bowdoin Col- 
lege, which conferred upon him in 1853 the 
honorary degree of A. M. The career of Mr. 
Putnam furnishes an excellent example of the 
fact that a liberal education is not indispen- 
sable in the development of one's best powers 
if he be an earnest and painstaking student. 
He was accustomed to refer humorously to 
the granting of this degree as a reward for his 
services in spreading the alarm on one occa- 
sion, when a fire broke out in the college build- 
ings at Brunswick, while he was a small boy. 
He married, in May, 1841, in New York. Vic- 
torine Haven, born in 1824, daughter of Jo- 
seph Haven and of his second wife, Mary 
Parsons Tuttle. Joseph Haven was a son of 



<6o 



STATE OF MAINE. 



.Samuel Haven, a merchant of Boston, and 
was engaged in the china trade in that city. 
He became broken in health and died while 
Mrs. Putnam was an infant. The children of 
George Palmer Putnam and Victorine Haven 
were: Mary Corinna, born 1842, married, 
1873, Abram' Jacobi, M. D. ; George Haven, 
born 1844; Edith G., born 1846; John B., 
born 1848; Amy V., born 1850; Irving, 1852; 
Bayard, 1854; Kingman, 1856, Ruth, i860, 
Herbert, 1862, Sidney, 1869. 

Several of the children were possessed of 
literary taste and have contributed more or 
less to' American literature. Among the prin- 
cipal works issued by the father were : "Amer- 
ican Facts," London and New York, 1846; 
"The World's Progress," a manual of histor- 
ical reference, New York and London, 1832- 
1871 ; "Tabular Views of Universal History." 
This constitutes the second division of "The 
World's Progress," and has been issued in suc- 
cessive editions from 1832 to 1908. The last 
edition is rewritten and brought down to date. 
The elder son is the author of: "The Ques- 
tion of Copyright," New York and London, 
1892 ; "Authors and Their Public in Ancient 
Times," New York and London, 1898; "The 
Artificial Mother," 1884, New York and Lon- 
don; "Books and Their Makers in the Middle 
Ages," 1900, New York and London ; "The 
Censorship of the Church, a Study of the Pro- 
hibitory and Expurgator}- Indexes," with ref- 
erences to their influence on the production 
and distribution of books, two volumes. New 
York and London, 1906-07; "Authors and 
Publishers," a manual of suggestions for be- 
ginners in literature (written in co-operation 
with J. B. P.), 1899, New York and Lon- 
don. 

J. Bishop Putnam, another son, co-author 
of the last named above, is also the author of 
"A Norwegian Ramble." He is the founder 
and president of the Knickerbocker Press. 

Ruth Putnam is the author of "William the 
Silent," two volumes, 1900, New York, Ams- 
terdam and London; "Medieval Princess," 
1905, New York and London; "Charles the 
Bold of Burgundy," 1908, New York and 
London. 

Mary Putnam Jacobi, M. D., who died in 
1905, had had a distinguished career as a phy- 
sician. She was the first woman to secure ad- 
mission to, and a degree from, the School of 
Medicine in Paris. She was the author of a 
number of medical treatises, and was a con- 
stant contributor to the scientific journals. 
(IX) George Haven Putnam, Litt. D., eld- 



est son of George P. and Victorine (Haven) 
Putnam, was born April 2, 1S44, in London, 
and was educated at Columbia University, 
New York, at Gottingen and Paris. He en- 
listed in 1862 in the One Hundred and Sev- 
enty-sixth New York Volunteers and was pro- 
moted successively to sergeant, lieutenant, 
quartermaster, adjutant, and was on retiring 
commissioned major. He served in the Army 
of the Gulf, and later under Sheridan, in Vir- 
ginia, and participated in the engagements of 
the Red River campaign, and of Sheridan's 
campaign in the Shenandoah Valley. In 1865 
he was appointed deputy collector of internal 
revenue, and served until 1866. In 1866 he 
was admitted a partner in his father's publish- 
ing house, which is now incorporated under the 
style of G. P. Putnam's Sons, and of which 
he is the head. The establishment occupies 
spacious quarters, extending from Twenty- 
third to Twenty-fourth street, near Fifth Ave- 
nue. Mr. Putnam has taken active part in 
copyright legislation, and is himself the au- 
thor of numerous volumes bearing upon li.e 
relations of authors and pubhshers, as well 
as of a memoir of his father, which was printed 
in two volumes for private circulation. He 
has received honorary degrees from Bowdom 
College and the University of Pennsylvania, 
and is a member of the Century Association, 
and Legion of Honor (France). He married 
(first) in July, 1869, Rebecca Kettell Shep- 
ard, who died in July, 1895. He married 
(second) April 27, 1899, Emily James, daugh- 
ter of Judge James C. and Emily (^Adams) 
Smith, a graduate of Bryn Mawr, and from 
1894 to 1900 dean of Barnard College. His 
children by his first wife were : Bertha Haven, 
Elhel Frothingham, Corinna Haven and Dor- 
othy Leslie. By his second wife : Palmer 
Cosslett, born July, 1900. 

(IX) Herbert Putnam, Litt. D., son of 
George Palmer Putnam, was born September 
20, 1861, in New York City, and graduated 
from Harvard College in 1883. He was li- 
brarian of Minneapolis Athenaeum and Pub- 
lic Library from 1884 to 1891 ; was librarian 
of the Boston Public Library from 1895 to 
1899, and in 1899 was appointed Librarian of 
Congress, and was delegate to the Interna- 
tional Library Conference in 1897, and presi- 
dent of the American Library Association in 
1898. He was admitted to the bar in 1886. 
He married, in October, 1886, Charlotte Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Charles W. Munroe, of Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts. Their children are : 
Shirley and Brenda. 



STATE OF MAINi: 



6r 



This name, 
KAWLlXSnr Rul.LJXS which is per- 
haps a modifi- 
cation of kollu. Uk' iiaiiK' of the Scandinavian 
conqueror of the north of l"'rance, about A. D. 
911, who became Duke of Normand)', has been 
borne by numerous clergymen, authors, musi- 
cians, lawyers, physicians and merchants; and 
by thousands of the sturdy middle-class people 
from whom the ranks of the rich and dis- 
tinguished are constantly replenished. As 
early as 1394 Roger Rawlin was Lord of the 
Manor of Testerton, in Norfolk, England, and 
from that date until the present time the Raw- 
lins have been found in the midst of the busy 
progressive clement of humanity. From the 
early settler in New England are sprung sev- 
eral men who have been prominent in the 
councils of the nation. 

(1) James Rawlins, some of whose descend- 
ants have since spelled their name Rollins, 
came to America in 1632, and was among the 
pioneer settlers of Ipswich. Fie remained 
there only a short time, and in 1637 was at 
Newbury, where he was probably one of an 
advance party who were looking for a suitable 
place for a settlement. In 1644 he was lo- 
cated at Dover. July 10 that year he received 
a grant of land, and November 26, 1656, he 
had another grant of one hundred acres of 
land laid out to him. At subsequent times 
he received still other grants of land. He re- 
sided at Bloody Point, in that part of ancient 
Dover which is now Newington. The public 
records gave some other facts of the life of 
James Rawlins in the New Hampshire wilder- 
ness. In the records of the court, under date 
of August 5, 1634, "It was witnessed upon 
oath that James Rawdins took 8 pence per 
day, and meat and drink for ten days' work, 
for one of his servants, for weeding corn, con- 
trary to an order of the Court" (an act regu- 
lating the price of commodities and labor) "and 
therefore he is to pay 5 shillings for every day 
he hath so transgressed." January 27, 1656, 
"James Rawlins was presented for neglect of 
coming unto the public meeting, and admon- 
ished therefor, and sentenced to pay the fees 
of the court, two shillings and six pence." Oc- 
tober 18, 1659, "The Court having considered 
the several offenses of those persons that en- 
tertained the Quakers, with the answers given 
in by them respectively, do order that James 
Rawlins, being more innocent and ingenious 
(ingenuous) than the rest, be only admonished 
by the honored Governor, which was done." 
Thus it seems that James Rawlins was three 
times before the court for acts that are no 



longer considered offences against the law. 
The arbitrary regulation of the price of labor 
was repealed the month following Mr. Raw- 
lin's appearance in ccjurt. He was compelled 
to travel to Cocheco (Dover) or Piscataqua 
(Portsmouth), a distance of several miles, by 
Indian trails and exposed to attacks by sav- 
ages, if he attended church, but this was con- 
sidered not a sufficient excuse for non-attend- 
ance in those days. As to his extending to 
• the homeless and persecuted Quakers the 
humble hospitality his home afforded, it was 
an act of charity that marks him as a man who- 
had a warmer heart and broader views than 
those who then made the laws of Massachu- 
setts. John R. Rollins, the compiler of the 
"Records of Families of the Name of Rawlins 
or Rollins, in the United States," thus char- 
acterizes James Rollins. He "was one of the 
hardy pioneers in the settlement of the West- 
ern Wilderness ; a plain, sturdy farmer, pos- 
sessed of good common sense and practical 
ideas; capable of thinking and acting for him- 
self, sometimes independently of the arbitrary 
enactments of the law of his time, and hos- 
pitable to the stranger tho' proscribed. Thus, 
probably, he spent his life, as contentedly as 
the savage foes around him would permit — 
cultivating his broad acres and rearing a fam- 
ily, who were subsequently to do their part in 
carrying out the undertaking of founding and 
establishing the new state ; and, at a good old 
age, his spirit was gathered to his fathers, 
while his ashes, the first of his tribe in the 
new world, .were mingled with the original 
soil, which he aided in clearing from the "for- 
est primeval." His will, dated December 16, 
1685, was probated July 25, 1691. His wife's 
name was Hannah. Their chiMren were: 
Ichabod, Thomas. Samuel. James, Benjamin, 
Joseph and Deborah. 

(II) Ichabod. eldest child of James and 
Hannah Rawlins, resided at Bloody Point, 
where he was taxed in 1665. It is probable 
that being the eldest son he remained on the 
homestead, which is yet in possession of a de- 
scendant. ■ He lived at Bloody Point until 
1707. May 22 that year, while driving a team 
in company with John Bunker, from Lieuten- 
ant Field's garrison to James Bunker's (be- 
tween Oyster River, now Durham, and Dover) 
for a loom, he was attacked by a party of 
twenty or thirty Indians and killed. He mar- 
ried (first) Mary, daughter of Jeremiah Tib- 
betts, of Dover Neck, who died before she at- 
tained her thirtieth year, leaving one son, 
Jeremiah. He married (second) Elizabeth, by 
whom he had one daughter, born July 16, 



62 



STATE OF MAINE. 



1706, who was less than a year old at the time 
of her father's death. 

(III) Jeremiah, only son of Ichabod and 
Mary (Tibbetts) Rawlins, lived in that part 
of Dover which is now Somersworth, and 
was one of the petitioners for the incorpora- 
tion of Somersworth into a separate parish. 
He died before 1768. His will, dated Decem- 
ber 7, 1752, was proved June 29, 1768. He 
gave to his wife Elizabeth one-half of the 
homestead while unmarried, a negro, and lands 
in Rochester; to Ichabod, "the only son," the 
homestead, land in Canterbury, and part of a 
sawmill ; to Mary, land in Rochester ; and par- 
cels of land to Sarah, Elizabeth, Deborah and 
Lydia ; Ichabod being the principal heir and 
executor of the will. Jeremiah Rawlins was 
an industrious, prudent and successful man, 
and no doubt a man of considerable influence 
among his townsmen. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of John and Mary (Heard) Ham, 
granddaughter of William Ham, of Exeter 
and Portsmouth, who was a native of ting- 
land. She was born January 29, 1681. Their 
children were: Mary, Lydia, Deborah, Icha- 
bod, Sarah and Elizabeth. 

(IV) Hon. Ichabod (2), fourth child and 
only son of Jeremiah and Elizabeth (Ham) 
Rawlins, was born July 18, 1722, and died 
January 31, 1800. He resided in that part of 
Somersworth which was subsequently incor- 
porated and named in honor of him, Rollins- 
ford. He was a staunch patriot and a leader 
among the men of New Hampshire in the 
great struggle for independence. He was a 
member of the revolutionary conventions at 
Exeter, in April, May and December, 1775; 
one of the committee to prepare and bring into 
the convention a plan of ways and means for 
furnishing troops ; and was also one of the 
committee of supplies. June 20, 1775, he was 
sent in company with Timothy Walker, of 
Concord, a member of the committee on sup- 
plies, to ascertain the losses sustained at the 
battle of Bunker Hill, by each of the officers 
and soldiers of the New Hampshire forces, 
and in behalf of the colony to make them com- 
pensations ; also to secure to them supplies, 
and advance a month's pay to such as had en- 
listed, or might enlist, in the Continental ser- 
vice ; January 5, 1776, he was a member of 
the convention when it resolved itself into an 
independent state government; a delegate to 
the legislature, October, 1776; and the first 
judge of probate under the new government, 
which office he held from 1776 to 1784. He 
was also a member of the executive council of 
New Hampshire in 1789. He was a land 



owner and slave owner, and is said to have 
treated his slaves "in the kindest manner." 
He married (first), Abigail, daughter of Cap- 
tain Benjamin and Elizabeth Wentworth, of 
Dover. She died in her sixty-eighth year, 
October 17, 1790, and he married (second), 
in 1792, Margaret (Colton) Frost, widow of 
Joseph Frost, of Newcastle, a descendant of 
Mayor Charles Frost, of Kittery. She died at 
Rollinsford, July 5, 1813, aged eighty-nine. 
His children, all by his first wife, were: John, 
Ichabod, James, Daniel, Elizabeth, Abigail, 
Mary. 

(V) John, eldest child of Judge Ichabod 
(2) and Abigail (Wentworth) Rollins, was 
born March 22, 1745, and resided in Somers- 
worth, where he died January 23, 1820, aged 
seventy-five. He was a cultivator of the soil, 
had qualities of leadership, and represented 
his town in the legislature in 1789. He mar- 
ried JMary, daughter of Dr. ]\Ioses Carr, of 
Newbury, Massachusetts. She died April 16, 
1823, aged seventy-eight. Their children 
were: Hiram, Mary, John, Elizabeth (died 
young), George, James, EHzabeth, Abigail, 
Sarah, Paul (died young), and Paul. 

(VI) John (2), third child and second son 
of John (i) and Mary (Carr) Rollins, was 
born in Somersworth, New Hampshire, Jan- 
uary 26, 1771, and lived in that town until 
1792, when he removed to Lebanon, Maine. 
He married, in August, 1791, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Elisha and Elizabeth (Waldron) 
Shapleigh, by wdiom he had eleven children : 
Moses, Elisha, Daniel G., John, Richard, 
Paul, David Legro, Caroline, Elizabeth Wal- 
dron, Samuel Shapleigh and Andrew Went- 
worth. 

(VII) Hon. Daniel Gustavus, third son and 
child of John (2) and Elizabeth (Shapleigh) 
Rollins, was born in Lebanon, October -3, 
1796, and died in Somersworth, February, 
1873. From 1823 to May 31, 1826, he resided 
at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, where he was 
agent of the Portsmouth Sugar Refining Com- 
pany. From the latter date until 1835 he was 
engaged in trade in Wakefield. His fine busi- 
ness ability and experience made him a favor- 
ite town official, and he filled various town 
offices. He was chairman of the board of se- 
lectmen of Wakefield from 1829 to 1834, with 
the exception of the year 1832. He was also 
town treasurer. In 1838-39 and 1840-41-44- 
45, he was chairman of the board of selectmen 
of Somersworth. The same years, and also 
1843 and 1858, he was town treasurer, and in 
other town offices; in 1843, 1853 and 1854 he 
was a member of the New Hampshire legis- 




(hrOuvAlAiA^ I (\^<^^ 



STATE OF MAINE. 



63 



latiire from Somersworth, l)cin,Q; a member of 
the jiuliciary committee in 1853. He was one 
of the corporators, a trustee ami vice-presi- 
dent of the Somersworth Savint;s liank, from 
its ort^anization, 1845, until his death; one of 
the corporators and a director of the Great 
Falls Bank, from 1846 to i86j, and agent for 
the bank building", supplying its notes, etc. ; 
one of the corporators of the Great Falls & 
Conway Railroad, from 1848 to 1854,' in- 
clusive: one of its directors, and in 1849-50-51, 
agent, treasurer and superintendent of the 
same; and in 1853-54 president and superin- 
tendent. From 1853 to 1856 he was president 
of the Great Falls and South Berwick branch 
railroad; he was also one of the corporators 
of the Great Falls Fire Insurance Company, 
and one of its directors from 1849 to i860. 
In June, 1857, 'i*^ ^^''"^^ ajipointed judge of pro- 
bate for Strafford county, which office he held 
till October 2, 1866, at Dover, and the ne.xt 
day, being liis seventieth birthday anniversary, 
he was constitutionally disqualified, and the 
office became vacant. Judge Rollins was a 
man of the strictest integrity, great activity, 
and exceptional business qualifications. He 
endeavored to be on the right side of all pub- 
lic questions, and gave his support to those 
movements that are inaugurated to promote the 
public welfare. He was always a warm friend 
of the temperance cause, and was for three 
years president of the Great Falls Temper- 
ance Society. He married, February 3, 1825, 
Susan Binney Jackson, who was born in New- 
ton, September 13, 1805, and died in the sum- 
mer of 1888, aged eighty-three years. She 
was the daughter of Captain Simon and Sally 
Spring Jackson, and granddaughter of Gen- 
eral Michael Jackson, of Newton, Massachu- 
setts. Eleven children were born of this 
union : Francis E., Franklin Jackson, Edward 
Ashton, Caroline E., Susan Augusta, Mary 
Packard, Sarah Jane, John Adams, Daniel G., 
Margaret E. and George Frederic. 

(VH) Franklin Jackson, second child and 
eldest son of Daniel G. and Susan (Binney) 
Jackson Rollins, was born in Wakefield, New 
Hampshire, April 3, 1827, and died in Port- 
land, Maine, March 4, 1894. He resided at 
Great Falls, New Hampshire, from 1835 to 
1862. In that year he removed to Portland 
and entered the internal revenue office, when 
it had been inaugurated but three weeks. In 
1869 he was appointed collector of internal 
revenue for the District of Maine, and filled 
that office for si.xteen years. From the time 
of his retirement from this position until his 
death he was engaged in the insurance busi- 



ness. He married, November 22, 1854, Ara- 
bella C. Jordan, who was born in Somers- 
worth, ."^eptemljer 29, 1835, daughter of Hon- 
orable Ichabod G. aiul Sarah L. (Goodwin) 
Jordan, of lierwick, I\laine. Their children 
were: .Margaret Jordan, Sarah Rice, Kate 
McLellan, (tjusan Jackson, Jordan Jackson, 
and Weld Allen. Alargaret }., born June 12, 
1856, was married at her father's residence in 
Portland, March 11, 1880, to Clarence Hale, 
Esq., of Portland. (Sec Hale IX.) Susan 
Jackson, born in Somersworth, February 11, 
1864, married, June 2, 1886, Dr. Irving E. 
Kimball, of Portland (see Kimball IX). 

(VIII) Jordan Jackson, fifth child and 
elder son of Franklin J. and Arabella C. (Jor- 
dan) Rollins, was born December 20, 1869, in 
I'ortland, where his early life was passed. He 
attended the public schools of his native city 
and graduated from the high school in 1888. 
Entering Dartmouth College at once, he was 
graduated from that institution in 1892, fol- 
lowing which he spent a year at Harvard Law 
School in Cambridge. In November, 1893, he 
went to New York Cfty and entered the law- 
office of his uncle, Daniel G. Rollins, for fur- 
ther study. Having made the most of his 
opportunities, he was admitted to the bar in 
November, 1894, and immediately engaged in 
practice in association with his uncle. This 
arrangement continued until the death of the 
latter, August 30, 1897. The law firm of Rol- 
lins & Rollins was then formed by Jordan J. 
Rollins and his cousin, Philip A. Rollins, and 
this has been one of the most successful in the 
city. It now occupies a large suite of offices 
in the Mutual Life Building, where many as- 
sistants are employed and a large amount of 
business transacted. Mr. Rollins takes part in 
many of the social activities of New York, for 
which he is amply fitted by a genial nature. 
He is a member of the New York State Bar 
Association, the Association of the Bar of the 
City of New York and of the New York Law 
Institute, of which he has been many vears 
secretary. In religious faith he is a Congre- 
gationalist, and is an active supporter of Re- 
publican principles in politics, though he has 
given no time to active political operations. 
Among the clubs of which he is a popular 
member may be named: L'nion League. Man- 
hattan, University, Psi L'psilon, Dartmouth, 
Harvard, New York Athletic, Racquet and 
Tennis, Metropolitan, Down Town Associa- 
tion, Railroad Club, City Lunch Club, Maine 
Society, New Hampshire Society, American 
Yacht Club, Seawanhaka Corinthian Yacht 
Club and Rockawav Hunting Club. 



64 



STATE OF MAINE. 



(For first generation see preceding sketch.) 

(II) Thomas, second son and 
ROLLINS child of James and Hannah 
Rawlins (Rollins), was born 
perhaps in 1643, ^"<^1 resided at Bloody Point 
until after 1668, when he removed to Exeter, 
New Hampshire, and there passed the remain- 
der of his life. His farm was located on the 
old road leading fi'om Exeter to Hampton. 
He was one of the company of Edward Gove 
who were found in arms and endeavoring to 
overthrow the government of Governor Ed- 
ward Cranfield, known as Gove's Rebellion. 
It is a matter of history that all except the 
leader in this rebellion were pardoned. On 
one of these petitions for the removal of 
Cranfield appears the name of Thomas Rol- 
lins, and his rebellious blood seems to have 
been bequeathed to his descendants, for in the 
revolution twenty or more of them formed 
against the arbitrary government of George 
III. Rollins was a justice of the peace in 
1682. He was married, about 1670, to Rachel, 
daughter of J\Ioses and Alice Cox, of Hamp- 
ton. It is probable that his death occurred 
about 1706, as the inventory of his property 
was returned to the probate office November 
3 of that year. His children were : Thomas, 
Moses, Joseph, ]\Iary, Benjamin, Aaron, Sam- 
uel, John, Alice and Rachel. 

(III) John, seventh son of Thomas and 
Rachel (Cox) Rollins, was born in Dover, 
New Hampshire, and removed to East Brad- 
ford, now Groveland, Massachusetts. He 
lived on the river road near the old chain 
ferry, and the house in which he resided is still 
in a good state of preservation. He removed 
with his family to Damariscotta, Maine, where 
he died in 1776, the year of our independence. 
He married (first) Mary, daughter of Thomas 
Sevary, July 31, 1732; (second) Mary Glid- 
den; (third) Patience; (fourth) Annie His- 
cock. Children, by first two wives : Eli- 
phalet, Deborah, Benjamin, Susan, Jane, Na- 
thaniel, Samuel, Sarah, John, Mary, Betsey, 
Martha and Lydia. 

(IV) Nathaniel, third son of John Rollins, 
was born in 1738, in Damariscotta and died in 
1783. He married (first) Lydia Clark; (sec- 
ond) Marie Chadbourne. Children by both 
marriages were: Susanna, John, Nathaniel, 
Eliphalet, Ebenezer, Stephen, Josiah, Ichabod, 
Sarah, Lydia and Patience. 

(V) John (2), son of Nathaniel and Lydia 
(Clark) Rollins, was born in Newcastle, 
Maine, and resided in Jeflferson and Sidney, 
dying at the latter place April 14, 1843. He 
was a revolutionary soldier. He married 



(first) Susan Ridley; (second) Abigail 
Whitehouse, of Sandy River; (third) Mary 
Jones, of Jefferson. Children : Eunice, Rob- 
ert, Eliphalet, :\Iary, Sarah, Nathaniel, John, 
Rebecca, Betsey. Susan, Robert, George, Jo- 
seph, Thomas and Lydia. 

(VI) Nathaniel (2), third son of John 
(2) Rollins, was born September 8, 1796, and 
was a tanner and currier. He married at Ray- 
mond, Maine. Harriet Wheeler, of Waterford. 
Children : Henry and Lucy. 

(VII) Henry, only son of Nathaniel (2) 
and Harriet (Wheeler) Rollins, v.as born at 
East Holden, Penobscot county, IMaine, in 
1828, died in April, 1868. He was a harness 
maker in Bangor and Ellsworth. He was a 
Democrat, and was candidate for representa- 
tive on that ticket. He married Frances H., 
daughter of Thomas and Joanna JMorrill, of 
Newburgh, Maine ; she was born February 20, 
1832, died ^larch 17, 1901. Children: Frank 
W., Charles Henry, Helen 2\Iaria and Harriet. 
Mrs. Rollins after her husband's death mar- 
ried Moses Plale and had one son Arthur Les- 
lie, died September 28, 1901. 

(VIII) Frank Waldron, eldest son of 
Henry and Frances H. (I^lorrill) Rollins, was 
born at East Holden, iMaine, January 23, 
1853, and raised in Ellsworth in the same 
state. The Ellsworth schools and the Boston 
Latin School fitted him for Harvard Uni- 
versity, from which institution be graduated 
in 1877 with the degree of A. B. In the iate 
sixties he learned "the art preservative of all 
arts" on the Ellsworth American. After grad- 
uation he published a newspaper in Abington, 
Massachusetts, till 1878, when he taught in the 
high scl'ool at North Abington. In 1879-80 
he taught in the high school at Great Falls, 
New Hampshire, and in July, 1880, went on 
the editorial staff of the Boston Commercial 
Bulletin. In 1884 he established a newspaper 
in Abington, relinquishing this in 1885 to re- 
turn to the Bulletin. In 1887 he was con- 
nected with the Daily Commercial Bulletin of 
New York, the Journal of Commerce and the 
Evening Post. At about this time he founded 
the Mamaroneck Paragraph. In 1893 he 
bought out the Ellsworth, Maine, American, 
on which he learned his trade, of which he is 
still proprietor and editor. He was appointed 
postmaster of Ellsworth in 1890 by President 
McKinley, and still retains the appointment. 
Mr. Rollins travelled extensively in Europe in 
1896. He is one of the active working Re- 
publicans in ]Maine. He was raised to the 
master's degree in the John Cutler Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons of Abington ; he is 



STATE OF MAINE. 



65 



a Chapter Mason and a Knif^ht Teni|)lar in 
iilanqucfuil Conmiaiulery of Ellsworth, and 
has bten received into the Independent (Jrder 
of Odd l-'ellows. He is a musician of accoin- 
plisiied tastes and talents, and a director of the 
Eastern Maine Musical Association and con- 
ductor of the Ellsworth festival chorus. He is 
a nienibcr of the Harvard Club of Bangor, 
director in the Ellsworth Loan and l-'iuildnig 
Association, and a member of the Congrega- 
tional church. Mr. Kollins is one of the 
brightest editorial writers in Maine journal- 
ism, and wields a trenchant pen in the inter- 
ests of good government, purity in politics 
and the industrial development of his native 
state. The Ellsworth American is one of the 
leading agencies in the educational and intel- 
lectual advancement of its city and the sections 
of Maine in wliich it circulates. 

Mr. Rollins married, December 25, 1879, 
Ellen Ware, daughter of Josiah T. Kiny, of 
Abington, lUassachusetts, a leading shoe man- 
ufacturer in his day. Children: Helen, born 
December 22, i88o, and Harriet, March 22, 
18S3 ; both are graduates of Wellesley College. 



From the Herald's College, 
KIMBALL London, comes the statement 

that the family of Kimball is 
from the county of Cumberland, England, and 
takes its origin from a parish of that name 
upon the Scottish border. The ancestor from 
whom the principal American branch of the 
family sprang, came from Rattlesden, in the 
county of Suttolk (not far from London) in 
which county the Kemballs have lived at least 
four hundred years. The name has been vari- 
ously spelled, "according to the taste and fancy 
of the speller." The original name is claimed 
to have been "Kymbolde;" the American an- 
cestor wrote it Kemball, and his descendants 
changed it to Kimball. The Kimballs, as a 
stock, have been noted for .their retentive 
memories ; and in business circles they have 
been exceptionally strong; and have taken 
leading places in local affairs. 

(I) Richard Kimball, the ancestor in Amer- 
ica, resided in the parish of Rattlesden, in the 
county of Suffolk, England, as is shown by 
the parish register of the date of the baptism 
of his son Henry, August 12, 161 5. He em- 
barked with his family at Ipswich, county of 
Suft'olk, England, April 10, 1634, in the ship 
"Elizabeth," William Andrews, master, and 
sailed for Boston in New England, where he 
arrived in due course of time. From Boston 
it seems that he soon went to Watertown. 
He is said to have been thirty-nine years old 



at this time. His home lot in the first division 
was a parcel of si.xty acres, bounded on the 
north by Cambridge, and now forms a part 
of that town which afterward annexed the 
eastern part of Watertown. He was made 
freeman May 6, 1635, and became a projjrietor 
in 1637. Soon afterward he accei)tcd an invi- 
tation to move to Ijiswich, where he followed 
the calling of wheelwright the remainder of 
his days. February 23, 1637, the town granted 
him a house lot at the west end of town and 
"40 acres beyond North river." In 1639 he 
had liberty to pa.sturc "two cows free." On 
"the last day of the last month 1641" he is 
mentioned as "Among the Commoners of Ips- 
wich." He was appointed one of the seven 
men March i, 1645. On the 22d day of the 
loth month, 1647, he was allowed two pounds 
for killing two foxes. In January, 1649, ''"•" 
was given permission "to sell such white oaks 
as he hath occasion to use about his trade for 
the town use." December 19. 1648, he con- 
tributed with others three shillings as his an- 
nual proportion toward the sum of £27 7s. as 
a rate for the services of their military leader, 
Major David Dennison, then commander of 
the military forces of Essex and Norfolk coun- 
ties. In September, 1652, he was one of the 
appraisers of the estate of John Cross. Jan- 
uary 25, 1652, Richard and his son Richard 
Kimball, wheelwrights, "for £14 sell 30 acres 
of upland bounding on land of Mr. John Win- 
throp;" also another lot of land of ten acres 
of meadow. In 1653 he was one of a com- 
mittee of three to survey fences in the com- 
mon fields north of the river. In 1664 he 
owned forty-three shares in Plumb Island. He 
made his will March 5, 1675, and died June 
22, 1675, aged more than eighty years. This 
will was probated September 28, 1675. The 
inventory of the estate, although he had given 
property to his children on their marriages, 
amounted to £y7,y 3s. 6d., a good estate for 
that time and place. Richard" Kimball mar- 
ried (first) Ursula, daughter of Henry Scott, 
of Rattlesden, and (second), October 23, 1661, 
Margaret, widow of Henry Dow, of Hampton, 
New Hampshire. She died March i, 1676. 
The children of Richard Kimball, all by the 
first wife, were : Abigail. Henrv, Elizabeth, 
Richard. Mary, Martha'^ John, Thomas, Sarah, 
Benjamin, and Caleb. 

(II) Henry, eldest son and second child of 
Richard Kimball, was born in Rattlesden, Suf- 
folk county, England, baptized August 12. 
161 5, and came to America in the ship "Eliza- 
beth" with his father in 1634. He first settled 
in Watertown, Massachusetts, but some time 



66 



STATE OF MAINE. 



after 1646 followed his father to Ipswich, and 
about 1655 removed to Wenham, and spent the 
remainder of his life in that town. November 
8, 1657, he subscribed three pounds as minis- 
ter's rate, one-half in wheat, the other half in 
Indian corn, "at merchant's price." In 1659 
he subscribed three pounds fifty shillings, one- 
half in com, and in 1660-61 he contributed ten 
shillings toward the new meeting house. He 
was chosen constable October 2.2, 1669. He 
died in Wenham, in 1676, leaving an estate in- 
ventoried at one hundred seventy-seven pounds 
twelve shillings. He married (first) about 
1640, Mary, daughter of John and Mary Wy- 
att, who came to America in the same ship 
with him. Mary died in Wenham, August 12, 
1672, and he married (second) Elizabeth (Gil- 
bert) Rayner, widow of William, son of 
Thurston Rayner, and daughter of Humphrey 
and Elizabeth Gilbert. Henry and Mary (Wy- 
att) Kimball had children: Mary, Richard, 
John, Caleb, Dorcas, Abigail, Sarah, Henry, 
Mehitable, Benjamin, Joseph, Martha and De- 
borah. 

(III) Caleb, third son of Henry and Mary 
(Wyatt) Kimball, was born about 1646, prob- 
ably in Watertown, and then disappears from 
the records. It is presumable that he settled 
in Wells, Maine, and v.as the father of tlie 
next mentioned. 

(IV) The first mention found of Caleb 
Kimball, of Wells, Maine, is when he married 
Susanna Cloyes, June 15, 1704. Their chil- 
dren were : Nathaniel, Richard, Caleb, Su- 
sanna, Mary, Sarah, Joshua, Samuel and Ben- 
jamin. 

(V) Richard, second son of Caleb and Su- 
sanna (Ooyes) Kimball, was baptized March 
25, 1707, and died in 1781. He was an early 
settler of Wells, Maine, and in 1750 had seven 
cows and eight oxen. In 1724 he was hunted 
by Indians; in 1730 he kept a store in Kenne- 
bunk, Maine; in 1755 he was part owner of 
the first vessel of Wells; in 1767 built a sloop; 
and in 1778 is recorded as giving one shirt and 
one pair of stockings for the army. He mar- 
ried (first) September i, 1733, Catherine 
Couzens, (second) August 6, 1740, Hannah 
Lord, of Berwick, Maine. His children were : 
Richard (died young), Richard, Mary, Eliza- 
beth, Samuel, Isaac, Israel and Hannah. 

(VI) Israel, son of Richard and Hainiah 
(Lord) Kimball, was baptized April 29, 1750, 
at Wells, Maine, and died in 1822. He lived 
at Kennebunk, Maine, and married, October 
12, 1771, Eleanor Dennett, born at Arundel, 
died in 1823. Their children were: i. Jacob, 
born 1 77 1, married Annie Getchell. 2. Israel, 



1773- 3- Wilbraham. 4. Eleanor, married 
Benjamin Treadwell. 5. Stephen, born June 
30, 1783. 6. Betsey, married Daniel Merrill. 
7. Sally, married Philip Emery. 8. Polly, mar- 
ried Abraham Kimball. 9. A daughter, mar- 
rieil Charles Trafton. 10. Richard, born May 
24, 1893. 

(VII) Wilbraham, third son of Israel and 
Eleanor (Dennett) Kimball, was born in 1778, 
at Wells, Maine, and died October 28, 1850, at 
the same place. He lived at Kennebunk, 
where he was engaged in shipbuilding. He 
married, October 20, 1804, Deborah Bourne, 
born March 29, 1821, died October 15, 1859; 
children: I. Ivory, born September 21, 1805, 
died July 24, 1853; was a minister, and grad- 
uated from Bowdoin College ; married Susan 
K. Poor. 2. Stephen, born June 21, 1807, died 
July 15, 1888. 3. Isaac, born June 17, 1809, 
died March 7, 1894. 4. Israel, born January 
26, 1812, died December 10, 1890. 5. Wilbra- 
ham. 6. William, born August 4, 1816, died 
May 20, 1904. 7. Benjamin H., born August 
26, 1818, died October 14, 1889. 8. John Pat- 
ton, born March 29, 1821, died July 20, 1879; 
married Emily Skelton. 9. Samuel W., born 
November 24, 1823, died October 14, 1888. 
10. George W., born October 4, 1825, died 
September 13, 1892. 

(VIII) \Vilbraham (2), fifth son of Wil- 
braham (i) and Deborah (Bourne) Kimball, 
was born March 24, 1814, and died June 3, 
1870. June 8, 1842, he married Ann Hatch, 
born ]\Iarch 15. 1819; children: i. Ivory 
George. 2. Israel Edward, born February 23, 
1853, married (first) Catherine Beaver, (sec- 
ond) Mrs. Elizabeth Clifford. Israel Edward 
had one daughter by first marriage, Clara 
Belle, born May 15. 1874. 3. Jennie Oakley. 
born September 25, 1855. Mrs. Kimball died 
November 7, 1891. 

(IX) Ivory George, eldest son of Wilbra- 
ham (2) and Ann (Hatch) Kimball, was born 
May 5, 1843, at Jay, Maine. In 1846 he moved 
with his mother to Indiana, where he attended 
the public schools, and after he reached the 
age of sixteen he taught school. He served 
tliree months as private in the civil war, in 
Company E. Fifty-fifth Indiana Infantry Regi- 
ment, in 1863 he went to Washington with 
Hugh McCulloch, Secretary of the Treasury, 
who secured him a position in one of the gov- 
ernment offices. He took a course at the Co- 
lumbia Law School, graduating in 1867 with 

the degree of LL.B., and the same year was J 
admitted to the District of Columbia bar; 1 
afterward he was admitted to practice in the 
court of claims and United States supreme 




^,^/VVlvJ.^^Jl(^ 



STATE ()!• MAIXK 



67 



court, and commenced the general practice of 
law. In i8yi he was appointed by President 
Harrison police court judge of Washington, 
received re-appointnient by President McKin- 
ley in 1898, and again in 1904 by President 
Roosevelt, his term exjiiring in 1910. Judge 
Kimball has for several years been a promi- 
nent member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, which has delighted to honor him for 
many jears. He belongs to I'.urnside Post, 
No. 8, of Washington. In 1901 he was elected 
junior vice department commander ; the year 
following, senior vice department commander ; 
in 1903 department commander for one year; 
and he has for several years past held the posi- 
tion of chairman of the committee on national 
legislation for the organization, and he repre- 
sented the Grand Army on the connnission to 
erect the Memorial Amphitheater in the Na- 
tional Cemetery at Arlington. Judge Kimball 
is a Republican as to political views, and is an 
elder in the Presbyterian Church. He is a 
member of the order of Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, belonging to Hiram Lodge, 
No. 10, of Washington, and has attained to 
the 32d degree. Scottish Rite. Judge Kim- 
ball married, September 26, 1865, Anna L. 
Ferris, born January 8, 1839, in Saratoga 
county, New York, and this union has been 
blessed with eight children, as follows: i. 
Ella Clara, Ixjrn June 24, 1866; married 
Reverend W. A. Tyler, of Nebraska ; they had 
eight children, four of whom are living — 
Tracy, Harry, Ralph and Ivory. 2. Wilbra, 
born April 6, 1868, died March 9, 1888. 3. 
Harry Gilbert, born IVlarch 26, 1870, married 
Jennie Fermage ; children: Paul, Ruth and 
Anna. 4. Alice May, born July 7, 1872, mar- 
ried Dr. John W. McMichel, of Portland, 
Oregon. 5. Arthur Herbert, born March 13, 
1S75; married Helen M. Kimball; children: 
Ruth and Arthur. 6. Bertha Louise, born 
January 28, 1878, died April 22, 1907. 7. 
Eilna Gertrude, born September 9, 1879, mar- 
ried Otto L. Ferris, an attorney, and resides 
at Portland, Oregon ; children : Margaret, 
died in childhood ; and Earle Leonard, living. 
8. Walter, born November 20, 1883 ; is an op- 
tician, and resides at St. Joseph, Missouri. 



(For first generation -see preceding sketcli.) 

(H) Richard (2), son of 
KIMBALL Richard (i) and Ursula 

(Scott) Kimball, was born in 
Rattlesden, England, in 1623, and died in 
Wenham, Massachusetts, May 26, 1676. He 
came to America with his father. He was 
called a wheelwright and yeoman. In a deposi- 



tion dated September, 1658, he mentions hav- 
ing "lived on Goodman Shatswell's farm for 
seven years." ] le removed to Wenham be- 
tween 1652 and 1656, settled in the westerly 
part of the town, and was the first settler 
named Kimball in that town. It seems that 
he was the largest taxpayer among the early 
settlers. That he owned large amounts of 
lands at different times is shown by the rec- 
ords of numerous conveyances in the records 
at Salem, November 8, 1657, he subscribed 
£3 to the minister's rate, to be paid one-half 
in wheat and one-half in Indian corn. The 
next year he was chosen selectman, and was 
continued in that office with the exception of 
three years, till 1674. December 4, 1660, he 
was one of a committee to see about building 
a new meeting house. February 28, 1663, the 
town leased two hundred acres of the best of 
its common land for one thousand years to 
Abner Ordway, Thomas Searles, John Ed- 
wards and Richard Kimball Jr. Richard Kim- 
ball was one of a committee to perfect the line 
between Bass River and Wenham, and July 18, 
1673, was one of a committee to establish 
rates for the cost of building a meeting house. 
The amount of the inventory of his estate 
taken after his death was £986 i6s. 6d. His 
dwelling house and one hundred and thirty- 
two acres of land and one hundred and sev- 
enty acres of meadow belonging to it were 
appraised at £370. He also had two hundred 
acres at Rowley Village. The genealogist de- 
duces from the fact that Thomas Kimball had 
wages due him from the county at the time 
of his death, as stated in his inventory, that 
it is possible that he had been engaged' in the 
war with the Indians, and was probably with 
his nephew, Caleb Kimball, at the time the lat- 
ter was killed at Bloody Brook. Richard Kim- ■ 
ball married (first) Mary, whose surname 
does not transpire. She died September 2, 
1672. His second wife was also named Mary, 
probably Mary Gott. His children, all but 
the last two probably by his first wife, were: 
John, Samuel, Thomas, Ephraim, Caleb, Chris- 
topher, Richard, a child, and Nathaniel. 

(Ill) Caleb Kimball, fifth son of Richard 
(2) and Mary Kimball, was born in Wenham, 
April 9, 1665, and died there Januarv 25, 1726! 
He was a yeoman and mason. He bought land 
as early as 1720, in Exeter, New Hampshire, 
and after residing there a while returned to 
Wenham. He conveyed this farm to his son 
Abraham on condition that he should pay the 
other children their shares in their father's 
estate. His wife Sarah died February 20, 
1732. Their children were: Caleb, Sarah! 



68 



STATE OF MAINE. 



John, Abraham, Hannah, Mehitable, Eleazer, 
Benjamin and Joseph. 

(IV) John Kimball, third child and second 
son of Caleb and Sarah Kimball, was born in 
Wenham, Massachusetts, December 20, i6gg, 
and died in Exeter, New Hampshire, in 1785. 
He was a carpenter. His father gave him 
land in Exeter, on which he settled. He also 
owned land in Kensington and Chester. He 
married (first) February 14, 1723, Abigail Ly- 
ford, who died February 12, 1738; and (sec- 
ond) September 18, 1740, Sarah Wilson, born 
November 23, 1709, daughter of Deacon 
Thomas and Mary L. Wilson. He had fifteen 
children by the first wife and eight by the sec- 
ond: Judith, Abigail, John, Joseph, Lydia, 
Thomas (died young), Sarah, Noah, Olive, 
Nathaniel, Moses, Caleb, Thomas and Jesse. 

(V) Joseph, fourth child and second son of 
John and Abigail (Lyford) Kimball, was born 
in E.xeter, New Hampshire, January 29, 1731, 
and died November 6, 1814, in the eighty- 
fourth year of his age. He resided in Exeter 
until 1788, and then removed to Canterbury. 
He became blind before leaving Exeter, and 
never saw the town of Canterbury, in which 
he lived twenty-six years. Tradition says his 
first wife was Olive Wilson. He married 
(second), in 1762, Sarah Smith, born 1740, 
died March i, 1808. Children of first wife: 
Peter Sanborn and Olive ; of second wife : 
Mary, Sarah, John, Betsey, Joseph, Jesse, 
Smith, Samuel, and Robert. 

(VI) Rev. Jesse, sixth child and third son 
of Joseph and Sarah (Smith) Kimball, was 
born in Exeter, September 7, 1774, and died 
May 5, 1818. He was a Methodist clergyman, 
and lived in Hallowell, Maine, "much re- 
spected and greatly beloved." He married 
(first) Hannah Cox, who died March 28, 1814, 
daughter of James Cox of Boston, Massachu- 
setts. He married (second) June 11, 1814, 
Betsey Page, who died July 4, 1878, daughter 
of Timothy Page, of Hallowell. She was a 
niece of his first wife. His children were : 
Betsey, Joseph, Mary, Olive, Robert Moody 
and George Moody, all but the last by the first 
wife. 

(VII) Robert Moody, fifth child and second 
son of Jesse and Hannah (Cox) Kimball, was 
born in Hallowell, Maine, February 3, 1805, 
and died May i, 1885, aged eighty years. He 
was a farmer, and resided in Clinton. He 
married, September, 1824, Mary Reynolds 
Packard, died at Parkman, Maine, daughter 
of Deacon Barnabas Packard, of Clinton. 
After the death of her husband she lived in 
West Ripley. Children : Ebenezer Packard. 



Lucius Ord, Mary Olive, Hester Ann Cox, 
Robert Moody, George Moody, Luman Brown, 
Cynthia Packard, Jesse, Robert Melvin, and 
Albert Irving. 

(VIII) Ebenezer Packard, eldest child of 
Robert Moody and Mary Reynolds (Packard) 
Kimball, was born in Benton, May 11, 1825, 
and died in Corinna, October 16, 1901. He 
followed the vocation of his father, and re- 
sided in Corinna and Searsport, Maine; Sep- 
tember II, 1849, 1^^ married Tryphosa Fessen- 
den Nye, born in Fairfield, Maine, February 
3, 183 1, daughter of Ellis and Martha Nye, of 
Fairfield, Maine. She died October 29, 1905. 
Their children: i. Irving Ellis, has extended 
mention below. 2. Willard Carroll, born in 
Searsport, December 9, 1855, resides in Bos- 
ton. 3. Ellen Myra, born in Searsport, May 
25, 1859; married June 2, 1883, Isaac Mower 
Bates, of Corinna, Maine. 

(IX) Irving Ellis, eldest child of Ebenezer 
A. and Tryphosa F. (Ny6) Kimball, was born 
in Clinton, September 2, 1851. He received 
his literary education in the public schools and 
the East Maine Conference Seminary at 
Bucksport. Subsequently he attended lectures 
at the Medical School of Maine and the medi- 
cal department of Dartmouth College, receiv- 
ing his degree at the former institution in 
1876. He practiced medicine at Wiscasset 
three years, thence moving to Portland, where 
he has since resided. In 1894 he went abroad 
and did post-graduate work in several of the 
most famous schools of Europe, including the 
University of Vienna, where he remained 
longest. In 1881 he was appointed demon- 
strator of anatomy in the Portland Medical 
School, and in 1882 he was appointed to the 
same position in the Medical School of Maine. 
Returning to Portland in 1881, he engaged in 
the general practice of medicine and surgery ; 
this he continued for short time, but for sev- 
eral years past his practice has been confined 
to diseases of the nose anfi throat. In prac- 
tice he has met with gratifying success, and 
his patronage is drawn from a large area of 
the New England states. He is consulting 
surgeon to the Maine General Hospital and 
the Maine Eye and Ear Hospital. He is a 
member of the Cumberland County Medical 
Society, the Maine Medical Society, the New 
England Medical Society, the American i\led- 
ical Society, and the American Otological, 
Rhinological and Laryngological Society. He 
is vice-president of the Cumberland Club. In 
religious views he is a Congregationalist. In 
politics he is a Republican, but takes no part 
in local politics. 



STATE OF MAINE. 



69 



Ur. Kimlxill niarricil (first), October 23, 
1879, Afary I'"rances Tucker, who died Marcli 
10, 1883, (laiij;liter of Captain Joseph and 
Frances Tucker, of Wiscasset. One cliild was 
born of this marriage, Irving Francis, March 
10, 1883, who died April 22, same year. Dr. 
Kiniljall married (sccontl) June 2, 1886, Susan 
J. KolHns, wlio was born February 11, 1864, 
daughter of I-'rankUii |. and Arabella C. (Jor- 
dan) Rollins. (See Rollins \TI.) 



The name Hale under the different 
HALE forms of de la Hale, at-IIalc, 
Hales and Hale, has been abun- 
dant in Hertfordshire, England, since the early 
part of the thirteenth century. No evidence 
appears that any of the name were above the 
rank of yeoman before 1560. The name also 
early prevailed and is probably still found in 
a dozen other counties in England. Of the 
Hales of Gloucestershire, to which family be- 
longed the illustrious Sir Matthew Hale, Lord 
Chief Justice, Atkyns, in his history of that 
county, says : "The family of Hale has been 
of ancient standing in this county, and always 
csteemcil for their probity and charity." 
Within the first fifty years after the settle- 
ment of Massachusetts Bay, at least eight emi- 
grants of the name of Hale, and perhaps two 
or three more, settled in that colony and in 
Connecticut, descendants of five of whom are 
traced to the present time. There is no evi- 
dence that any of these were of kin to Thomas 
of Newbury, the immigrant ancestor of the 
line of which this article treats. The name 
was also found among the early settlers of 
\'irginia and Maryland, and their descendants 
bearing the cognomen are still found in the 
southern states. In New England the name 
has been brought into prominence by Nathan 
Hale, the patriot; by John P. Hale, the dis- 
tinguished statesman of New Hampshire ; 
Senator Eugene Hale, of Maine, and others. 

(•I) Thomas Hale, the earliest known 
progenitor of the family herein considered, 
was of the parish of Walton-at-Stone, in Hert- 
fordshire, England. No record of his birth is 
found, but the parish register, which styles 
him "Thomas Hale, Senior," shows that he 
was buried October 19, 1630. He left a will 
bearing date October 11, 1630, proved De- 
cember 9, 1630, in the court of the Archdea- 
conry of Hitchin, in the county of Herts, the 
original of which is still on file among the rec- 
ords of the court. After the usual pious pro- 
fession of faith, thanks to God, committal of 
his soul to its creator and his body to burial, 
he disposes of his personal property and his 



real estate consisting of eleven, and perhaps 
twelve, distinct parcels. Among those desig- 
nated are the house close, the backside close, 
the hill close, and the meadow and rye close. 
From the brief record it is apparent that he 
was of the rank of yeoman of the smaller 
class as to property but marked by thrift, re- 
spectability, honesty, piety, and prudent fore- 
sight. It is impossible to determine tlie value 
of the estate which he left, but it was evidently 
not large, perhaps worth an annual rental of 
$400 or $500. He married Joan Kirby, who 
was of the parish of Little Munden, Herts, 
which was probably the place of her birth and 
their marriage. They were the parents of five 
children: Dionis, Thomas,^ Mary, Dorothy 
and Elizabeth. At some time between her 
husband's death and June, 1637, Joan, widow 
of Thomas Hale, married a L^ydes, or Bides, 
probably John, and was still living in October, 
1640, the date of her mother's will, but was 
probably dead before 1660. 

(II) Thomas (2), second child and only 
son of Thomas (i) and Joan (Kirby) Hale, 
was probably born in the parish of Walton-at- 
Stone, in Alay or June, 1606, and was bap- 
tized in the parish, June 15, 1606. He was 
heir to the larger part of his father's estate, 
receiving all his goods and chattels with a few 
exceptions. The rents he paid to his mother 
and sisters was nine pounds a year in all, 
which in that day were equivalent in value to 
£27 or perhaps £36, that is $135 or $180 at 
the present day. Probably through the influ- 
ence of his mother's brother, Francis Kirby, 
Thomas Hale became interested in New Eng- 
land, whither he removed and settled in New- 
bury, Massachusetts, in 1635. He took from 
his uncle, Francis Kirby, to Governor John 
Winthrop, a letter from wdiich the following 
extract with some changes as to orthography 
is taken : "These are now to entreat you that 
you would be assistant to the bearer hereof 
(Thomas Hale, my near kinsman) in your 
counsel and advise to put him in the way how 
and where to settle himself in a hopeful way 
of subsisting with his family. He has brought 
with him all his estate, wdiich he hath here 
or can have during the life of his mother, my 
sister. He had almost tw-o hundred pounds 
when he began to make his provision for this 
voyage. I suppose the greatest half is ex- 
pended in his transportation, and in such nec- 
essaries as will be spent by him and his fam- 
ily in the first use; the lesser half, I suppose 
he has in money, and vendable goods to pro- 
vide with a cottage to dwell in, and a milch 
cow for his children's sustenance. I suppose 



7° 



STATE OF MAINE. 



his way will be to hire a house or part of a 
house for the first year, until he can look out 
and buy or build him a dwelling wherein, as 
in other things, I shall entreat you to direct 
him." 

Thomas Hale and his wife Thomasine (or 
Tamosin) and son Thomas, were probably of 
the party who first settled in Newbury in 1635, 
on the banks of the "'Quascacunquen," or Par- 
ker river, though his name is not included 
among those mentioned by Coffin as forming 
the first colony, "with a few others whose 
names are not known with certainty." Under 
date of August 10, 1638, appears the eniry in 
the Newbury records: "Thomas Hale and 
John Baker are appointed haywards till the 
town shall appoint anew." February 23, 1642, 
Thomas Hale was appointed one of the five 
men to whom the stinting of the commons 
was referred. He moved to Haverhill, prob- 
ably in 1645. ■'■" that year he is named as a 
landholder in Haverhill, and from Newbury. 
His name heads the list of the first board of 
selectmen chosen in Haverhill in 1646. In 
that same year his name first appears on the 
record of assessments in that town. In 1647 
he was chosen by the town and approved by 
the general court, with Henry Palmer and 
Thomas Davis, "to try small cases." The 
same year he was appointed by the general 
court a commissioner to lay out a road from 
Andover to Haverhill. In 1648 he was ap- 
pointed by the town "to keep a ferry." In 
1649 he was elected constable, the first chosen 
in Haverhill. In 1650 he was appointed by 
the town "to meet men from Salisbury to lav 
out lands between that town and Haverhill." 
In 1651 "Little River," in Haverhill, was 
named as "Thomas Hale's River." In or 
about the year 1652 he returned to Newbury, 
and contiiuied to reside there till 1657, when 
he removed to Salem. There he remained till 
about the year 1661, when he again returned 
to Newbury, where he continued to reside till 
his death. His name appears in the list of 
proprietors of Newbury, declared by the ordi- 
nance of December 7, 1642, as the only per- 
sons "acknowledged to be freeholders by the 
town and to have proportionable right in 
all waste lands, commons and rivers undis- 
posed," etc. His name appears in the town 
records of Salem in 1657 as "Sarjent Thomas 
Hale," and he is several times referred to in 
those records as "clerk of the market." .A.fter 
his final return to Newbury he is found among 
the active supporters of the Rev. Mr. Parker 
in his controversies with a portion of his 
church, while the name of his son Thomas 



appears uniformly among the antagonists of 
Mr. Parker, known as "]Mr. Woodman's 
party." Conveyances of real estate from him 
appear in the Essex records in 1640-52-55-56- 
66-69, '" which he is described as "of New- 
bury." In conveyances appearing in 1647 and 
1648, he is described as "of Haverhill," and in 
sundry of 1658, 1659, 1660 and 1661, as "of 
Salem." In these conveyances he is usually 
described a "glover," sometimes as "yeoman," 
and once as "leather-dresser." He seems to 
have been an active and public spirited man, 
held in respect by his fellow citizens in the 
several towns in which he lived, and his long 
life was evidently one of active usefulness. 
By trade a glover, he united with that employ- 
ment some practice as a surveyor, and his 
various public employments show him to have 
been a man of fair education and business 
qualifications. He died in Newbury, Decem- 
ber 21, 1682. His widow Thomasine survived 
him just forty days ("a widow's quaran- 
tine"), and died in Newbury, January 30, 
1683. No will appears of record, nor any ad- 
ministration of his estate. Their children, the 
eldest said to have been born in England, the 
others all in Newbury, were : Thomas, John, 
Samuel and Apphia. 

(Ill) Thomas (3), eldest child of Thomas 
(2) and Thomasine Hale, was born in Eng- 
land, November 18, 1633. and came to .\mer- 
ica with his parents probably in 1637. He 
seems to have resided in Newbury, anrl died 
there October 22, 1688. One of the church 
dissensions, by no means uncommon in New 
England in those days, arose about 1670, and 
Thomas Hale took sides against the preacher, 
Parker, and was fined one noble by the court 
at Ipswich, May 29, 1671. .'Ml but two of the 
entire Woodman party were fined. Thomas 
Hale's will was e.xecuted March 20, 1687, and 
probated December 12, 1688. His wife Mary 
was executrix of the will, and swore to the 
inventory, the total of which, real and per- 
sonal, was i505 1 6s. 8d., the homestead having 
been deeded to .son Thomas before his death. 
The amount of property left constituted what 
at that time and in that part of the world was 
considered a handsome estate. Mr. Hale was 
a man of local prominence, and filled numer- 
ous places in the public service. He was 
fence-viewer in Newbury in 1661-66-75-77- 
78-80 ; was chosen to carry votes to Salem, 
1665, 1674; was selectman. 1665-75-78; trial 
juror 1675-77-78-79; tythingman 1679-80-81; 
highway surveyor 1676-77; way-warden 
1674-79; and on town committees 1673-74- 
76-77-78-79-80. He married, at Salem, Alay 



STATE OF MAINE. 



7> 



26, 1657, Mary, daiis^litor of Richard and 
Alice (I'loswortli) ilutcliinson, of Salem, Mas- 
sacluiM.-ti>. Sill' was l)ai)tizc(l at North Musk- 
ham, county of Xotis, {•jii^land. Decenihcr 28, 
i()_^o. She married (second), l-'el)ruary 5. 
i6y5, WiUiam Watson, of Hoxft)rd, and died 
December 8, 1715, in lioxford, surviving her 
second husband five years. The chikh-en of 
Tliomas and .Mary (Hutchinson) Hale were : 
A son (died _\(nmy), Thomas, Mary, .-Vbigail, 
Hannah, L\d'ia, l-'lizaheth. loseph and .Sam- 
uel. 

(l\'j CaiHain Joseph, eiLjhlli child and 
third son of Thoma.s (3) and Mary (Hutchin- 
son) Hale, was born in Newbury, I'^ebruary 
20, 1671, and died in Boxford, February 13, 
1761, aged ninety. He was settled in Boxford 
with his mother as early as 1692. June 28, 
1692, Joseph, with his mother Mary, both 
described as of Newbury, received from Dan- 
iel Northend a deed of two hundred acres in 
Boxford, "in or near a place formerly called 
the Village Plains," and on "Pie Brook." 
November 13. 1693. he received from his 
mother iMary a deed of two hundred and 
eighty acres with buildings in Boxford, and 
six acres of marsh in Newbury, wdiich she 
had lately purchased of Joseph Poor, of New- 
bury, he to come into immediate possession of 
one-half, and of the other one-half at her 
decease, provided he should marry Mary, 
daughter of William Watson, etc. February 
17, 1703, he received of William Watson a 
deed of sixty acres of land in Boxford, re- 
citing that he received one-half of the same 
when he married said Watson's daughter 
Mary, and he now bought the other one-half, 
together with other land. In the following 
forty-five or more years he was grantor or 
grantee in many deeds, and is variously de- 
scribed as "yeoman," "house carpenter," "hus- 
bandman," and "gentleman," at different 
times. He was undoubtedly a man of means, 
active, ambitious, and well thought of, as is 
shown by the public positions he held. He 
was selectman of Boxford in 1702. Under 
the title of "Ensign Joseph Hale" he repre- 
sented Boxford in the general court in 1714- 
15-16-17; under that of "Lieutenant Joseph 
Hale," also in 1720-21-22-23-24-25; nnder 
that of "Captain Joseph Hale," in 1728-29- 
,^0-31-32: and as "Joseph Hale" simply, in 
1735. Upon the record of town meetings in 
Boxford appears the following entry: "May 
9, 1722. Voted that upon consideration of 
Lieutenant Hale's meeting with so much loss 
and damage the last year by reason of his 
having the small-pox, to give him ten pounds. 



and let him have it as soon as may be." He 
may have received this allowance on account 
of having contracted the disease while serving 
as rejiresentative of the town in the legis- 
lature. He married, November 15, 1693, 
Mary, daughter of William and Sarah (Per- 
ley) W'atson, of Boxford. She died February 
I, 1708; and he was published to Joanna 
Dodge, widow, at Ipswich, September 19, 
1708. His children by the first wife were: 
Joseph, Jacob, Mary, Ambrose, Abner, Moses, 
and Sarah; and by the second wife: Hepzi- 
bah, Lydia, Margaret, Thomas, John, Han- 
nah and Benjamin. 

(V) .'Vmbrose, fourth child and third son of 
Captain Joseph and Mary (^Watson) Hale, 
was born in Boxford, July 16, 1699, and died 
in Harvard, April 13, 1767. He seems to 
have been a farmer, and is named as a party 
to various conveyances. May 23, 1722, he re- 
ceived from his father Joseph and wife Jo- 
anna, a deed of settlement of eighty-two acres 
of land in Boxford by the gate on the village 
road which leads from Piebrook to Andover 
Road. February, 1742, he deeded to Joseph 
Simmons, of Ipswich, his homestead in Box- 
ford, eighty-five acres ; and after the making 
of this deed he disappears from the records of 
Essex county. Neither does he appear on 
the probate records. An Ambrose Hale, of 
Harvard, was a soldier in Captain John 
Church's company in 1759. Ambrose was 
then about sixty years old. He had sons Am- 
brose and Benjamin, and removed with them 
from Boxford to Harvard about 1742. A will 
of Ambrose Hale, of Harvard, signed Febru- 
ary 5, 1761, and again February 7, 1761, 
proved in V\'orcester probate office May 12, 
1767, names children: Martha, Benjamin, 
Abigail, Adna, Moses, Hannah, Sarah and 
Ambrose. The inventory of his realty was 
£200, and of his personalty, £82 17s. 6d. Am- 
brose Hale married in Boxford, December 11, 
1722, Joanna Dodge. She died February 10, 
1732. He then married (published December 
10, 1732) Hannah, daughter of John and Han- 
nah (Hazen) Symonds, of Boxford. She was 
born in Boxford, April 13, 1709. His chil- 
dren by first wife Joanna were: Martha, 
David, Benjamin, Abigail and Ambrose; and 
by wife Hannah: Jacob, .'\dna, Moses, Han- 
nah, Sarah. Ambrose, and one or two who 
died young. 

(VI) Benjamin, eldest son of Ambrose and 
Joanna Hale, was born in Boxford, March 14, 
1728, and died September 20, 1771, in Har- 
vard, to which town he had removed with his 
father. He served in the French war in 



72 



STATE OF MAINE. 



1757-58, and was a corporal in Captain 
Haskell's company which marched from Har- 
vard for Fort Wilham Henry in 1757. A 
Benjamin Hale was also in the expedition to 
Crown Point, enlisted September 7, 1755, in 
Captain Daniel Fletcher's company. Colonel 
Josiah Brown's regiment. This was probably 
the Benjamin of this sketch. He died intestate, 
and Israel Taylor was administrator of his 
estate. His inventory dated October 5, 1771, 
enumerated realty of the value of £300; per- 
sonalty £105 4S. lod. He married, in Harvard, 
October 6, 1757, Mary Taylor, of Harvard. 
She survived him, and March 3, 1784, was 
adininistratrix dc bonis non of her late hus- 
band's estate. They had children: Israel, 
Ohver, Mary, Benjamin, Rachael, Joanna, 
Sarah and David. 

(VII) David, eighth and youngest child of 
Benjamin and Mary (Taylor) Hale, was born 
in Harvard, I\Iarch 22, 1772. He settled in 
Rutland, Massachusetts, and after living there 
some years removed to Turner, Maine, where 
he spent the remainder of his life, dying Feb- 
ruary 6, 1846. The homestead farm is still in 
possession of the family. He married Sarah 
Kingsbury, of Ellington, Connecticut, who 
was born in 1766, a daughter of Simon Kings- 
bury. Their children were: David, James 
Sullivan, Sophia, Marinda and Sarah Kings- 
bury. 

(\TII) James Sullivan, second son and child 
of David and Sarah (Kingsbury) Hale, was 
born in Turner, December 13, 1806, and died 
December 17, 1880, aged seventy-four. He 
was a farmer by occupation, well to do in life, 
a man of marked individuality of character, 
possessing a keen wit and a lively sense of 
humor, but was not ambitious and spent his 
life in his native town. He married, Febru- 
ary II, 1835, Betsey Staples, who was bom 
October 16, 1808, and died December 5, 1881. 
She was the eldest child of John Staples and 
Betsey Young Staples, of Turner. Their chil- 
dren were: i. Eugene, see forward. 2. Hor- 
tense, November 27, 1837, married, October 
21, 1858, Dr. John T. Gushing, of Turner. 3. 
Frederick, October 21, 1839, graduated from 
Waterville College in 1862, studied and prac- 
ticed law in Ellsworth, and died May 6, 1868. 

4. Augusta, February ig, 1842, married Au- 
gust 8, 1869, Hon. George Gifford, of Port- 
land, afterward consul at Basle, Switzerland. 

5. Clarence, see forward. 

(IX) Hon. Eugene Hale, son of James Sul- 
livan and Betsy (Staples) Hale was born 
June 9, 1836. "Representative Men of 



Maine," published in 1893, gives the following 
account of Senator Hale : 

He was born in Turner, June 9, 1836; at- 
tended the village district school and the gram- 
mar school endowed by the town, and went 
from Hebron Academy to the office of How- 
ard & Strout, in Portland, where he studied 
law. and was admitted to the bar in January, 
1857. At the age of twenty he commenced 
the practice of law in Orland, but soon re- 
moved to Ellsworth and became a member of 
the firm of Robinson & Hale. Mr. Robinson 
soon died and Mr. Hale for ten years devoted 
himself closely to his profession and built up 
a large practice. He was a sound counselor 
and one of the most successful lawyers with 
both court and jury. He was for nine suc- 
cessive years county attorney for Hancock 
county. For many years he was senior mem- 
ber of the firm of Hale & Emery, and since 
the latter's elevation to the bench of the su- 
preme court, the firm has consisted of Mr. 
Hale and Hannibal E. Hamlin, a son of the 
late and venerated Hannibal Hamlin. In De- 
cember, 1871, Mr. Hale was married in Wash- 
ington to Mary Douglas Chandler, only 
daughter of Hon. Zachariah Chandler, long 
time a senator from Michigan, and afterwards 
Secretary of the Interior. Their children are : 
Chandler, Frederick and Eugene. 

Mr. Hale was a member of the state legis- 
lature in 1867, 1868 and 1880. In that body 
he soon proved a ready debater, and remark- 
ably well versed in the political questions of the 
time. In 1880 he was appointed chairman of 
the committee of the legislature to investigate 
what has since become familiarly known as 
the "State Steal," and it is recognized as 
largely through his efforts that this scheme 
was thwarted and exposed. He was elected 
to the forty-first congress in 1868, and after- 
wards to the forty-second and forty-third con- 
gresses ; was appointed postmaster-general by 
President Grant in 1874, but declined; was 
re-elected to the forty-fourth and forty-fifth 
congresses ; was tendered a cabinet position as 
Secretary of the Navy by President Hayes, 
and declined ; was chairman of the Republican 
congressional committee for the forty-fifth 
congress ; was a delegate to the national con- 
vention in 1868 and the Cincinnati and Chi- 
cago conventions in 1876 and 1880, leading the 
Blaine forces in both conventions ; was elected 
to the United States senate to succeed Hanni- 
bal Hamlin, and took his seat March 4, 1881, 
and was re-elected in 1887, 1893, 1899 and 
1905, and at the end of this term will have 



STATE OF MAINE. 



71 



rounded out thirty years in the senate. For 
tlie five elections he received the unanimous 
vote of his party in the lei^islature. Me was 
a member of im])i)rtant committees in the 
House of Representatives, and upon his com- 
ing to the Senate, in 1881, he was given place 
on the committees of appropriation and naval 
affairs. He was also made chairman of the 
committee on the census, which position he 
continued to occupy till the Democrats gained 
control of that body in 1893. He is at present 
acting chairman of the committee on appro- 
priations, chairman of committee on naval 
afifairs, and member of the finance, Philip- 
pines census, Canadian relations, and private 
land claims committees, and is now chairman 
of the Republican conference of the senate, 
and of the Republican steering committee. 
Senator Hale has always taken a prominent 
part in the legislation of the senate. Many of 
the most important appropriation bills have 
been passed under his management. Repre- 
senting both the appropriation and naval com- 
mittees, he has reported and managed every 
bill which has passed the senate for the build- 
ing of the new navy. He introduced the first 
amendment favoring reciprocity with the coun- 
tries of Central and South .America, which he 
supported with speeches that received wide 
circulation. His speeches in the senate are 
sharp, but never ill-natured. His speech upon 
the free trade attitude of the Democratic con- 
vention in 1882. was as widely circulated as 
any speech during the campaign. He has 
taken a prominent part in the debates relating 
to the affairs of the District of Columbia, and 
has favored suitable appropriations for the 
necessary buildings for the public business 
there. Senator Hale is always recognized as 
a wise counselor in party politics. He is an 
easy and forcible speaker; his words are care- 
fully selected, and his extemporaneous 
speeches require no revision. He is a popular 
after-dinner speaker ; and on these occasions, 
both where great subjects are presented and 
where wit and merriment abound, he is in his 
element. He is a wide reader, keeping alive 
his love of books, and delights especially in 
poetry. His style has been formed on the best 
models in English literature. He has re- 
ceived the degree of LL.D. from Bowdoin and 
Bates Colleges and from Colby University. 
Senator Hale is a believer in Elaine and her 
future. His investments testify to this, com- 
mencing with his beautiful home on the 
heights at Ellsworth, surrounded by several 
hundred acres of field and woodland, and con- 
tinuing in extensive purchases of timber lands 



and sea-shore property, interests in cotton, 
woolen and pulj) mills, and other manufactor- 
ies. He is known throughout the state an<l 
nation as a man of broad and genial social na- 
ture; and this, i)erhaps accounts for the close 
and cordial personal feeling which binds him 
to his friends. He is a liberal entertainer both 
in Washington and Ellsworth. At his house, 
"The Pines," during the summer vacation, 
many friends, both from within and without 
the state, gladly accept his hospitalities. Mrs. 
Hale is an accomplished hostess, and delights 
in nothing more than looking after a house full 
of friends. 

(IX) Clarence, fifth and youngest child of 
James S. and Betsey (Staples) Hale, was born 
in Turner, April 15, 1848. He attended the 
public schools of Turner, finished his prepara- 
tion for college at Norway Academy, and in 
1865 entered Bowdoin College, from which he 
graduated with honors in i86g. He was a 
member of Phi Beta Kappa, and one of the 
first four of his class. After reading law at 
Ellsworth with his brother, Hon. Eugene 
Hale, and with Lucilius A. Emery, now chief 
justice of Maine, he was admitted to the bar 
and began practice at Portland in 1871. For 
thirty years he devoted his energies to the 
practice of his profession, and while yet a 
young man took rank as one of the leading 
lawyers of the state. His practice w"as exten- 
sive and profitable, and in the years of his pro- 
fessional career he was connected with many 
of the leading cases in the state. In 1879 he 
was elected city solicitor of Portland, and 
filled that office three years with credit to him- 
self and satisfaction to the citizens of the mu- 
nicipality. In the preparation of his papers 
Mr. Hale displayed a ckar understanuhig of 
his cases and a terse and precise style of ex- 
pression in keeping with the busy age in which 
he lives ; in his argument of matters of law to 
the court he made himself persona grata by a 
logically arranged and closely connected argu- 
ment tliat put the facts in the most telling 
form in the shortest time; before a jury he 
was a strong man, using good English clearly 
expressed, taking care to make all details in- 
telligible, yet speaking forcefully and often elo- 
quently. In igo2 his ability as a jurist was 
recognized in such a way as to make him con- 
spicuous in New England, where he was ap- 
pointed judge of the United States district 
court, a position in which he has since found 
ample opportunity to display the qualifications 
which have made him prominent. In the cam- 
paign w'hen General Grant became a candidate 
for re-election to the presidency, Mr. Hale 



STATE OF MAINE. 



made his debut in politics, and from that time 
until he came to the bench he was an able 
advocate of the Republican party, speaking in 
every election year. From 1883 to 1885 he rep- 
resented the Portland district in the state 
legislature, where he displayed ability and 
knowledge w'hich placed him among the lead- 
ers of the house. He is prominent in local 
financial circles, and is a director and trustee 
in various monetary institutions. He has an 
innate love for literature, which has grown 
and strengthened as it has been indulged. He 
is a member of the Maine Historical Society, 
and takes a lively interest in that institution, 
to the success of which he has been a willing 
contributor. In religious faith he and his wife 
are Congregationalists and members of State 
Street Church. 

Judge Clarence Hale married, March 11, 
1880, Margaret Rollins, who was born in Port- 
land, June 12, 1856, daughter of Franklin J. 
and Arabella C. Rollins, of Portland. (See 
Rollins.) They have two children: Kath- 
arine, born in Portland, March 30, 1884; mar- 
ried Philip G. Clifford, and has one daughter, 
Margaret Ellen Clliiford, born March 16, 1908 
(see Clifford): and Robert, born November 
29, 1889, who is a student at Bowdoin Col- 
lege. 



The name of Paine, in an early 
PAINE form, came to England with the 

Normans and William the Con- 
queror. In Normandy, a millenium ago, the 
Latin word "Paganus" had the meaning of 
"villager." and since the villagers resisted con- 
version to Christianity longer than the deni- 
zens of the cities, it acquired the added sig- 
nificance of "unbeliever." Plaving become a 
surname, it passed through the changes from 
Paganus to Pagan, Pagen, Payen, Payne, 
Paine, and as Pagen it is mentioned many 
times in William's Inventory of Domesday. 
The first two generations of the .\merican 
family (Paines of the Ipswich branch), used 
the coat-of-arms known in English works of 
heraldry as "The Arms of Payne of Market 
Bosworth, county of Leicester, and of the 
county of SufTolk." They were in the fifteenth 
century those of Sir Thomas Payne, Knight 
of Market Bosworth, and of his family only. 
In the "Visitation" of Suffolk county, a work 
originally compiled in 1561, and subsequently 
extended, is found considerable matter treat- 
ing upon this and other old families. Accord- 
ing to various writers they were residents in 
Leicestershire, upon the famous field of Bos- 
worth, where the last great battle of the Roses 



was fought, being one of the places where 
Pagen of Domesday fame had land. 

(I) The first of the family, according to the 
list in the "Visitation," was Sir Thomas 
Payne, knight of Market Bosworth, who mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Pult- 
ney, knight. He must have been born in the 
early part of the fifteenth century, and had 
three sons, Robert, William and Edmund. 

(II) Edmund, youngest son of Sir Thomas 
Payne, was alive in 1540, the thirty-second 
year of the reign of Henry VIII, at which 
time he had a grandson, then a rich and active 
man. His place of residence was undoubtedly 
at his place of birth, Bosworth. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Walton, of 
Leicester county, and had several sons. 

(HI) William, eldest son and heir of Ed- 
mund Paine, removed to Suffolk county, and 
took up his residence at Hengrave, in that 
shire. He carried with him the use of his 
grandfather's coat-of-arms, antl which came to 
be known in heraldric history as a coat or crest 
of Lester, and Suffolk county, and is espe- 
cially known as belonging to "Payne of Hen- 
grave." He was bailiff of the manor in the 
service of Edward Strafford, Duke of Buck- 
ingham. After the death of the latter, he re- 
tired to private life. He married Marjorie, 
daughter of Thomas Ash : children : Henry, 
John, Thomas, George, Nicholas, Edward, An- 
thony, Agatha, Elizabeth, Agnes, Anna and 
Frances. 

(IV) Anthony, seventh son of Williain and 
Marjorie (Ash) Paine, lived at Bury Saint 
Edmunds, at the manor of Nowton, settled 
upon him by his eldest brother, who never 
married. Pie was buried at Nowton, March 3, 
1606. In his will made in the previous month 
he disposed of various properties. He mar- 
ried Martha Castell, who died June 28, 1603; 
children : John, Thomas, William and Ann. 

(V) William (2), third son of Anthony and 
Martha (Castell) Paine, was baptized Decem- 
ber 2, 1555, at Saint Alary's Church, Now- 
ton. He lived at Nowton, parish of Bury 
Saint Edmunds, one of the principal tow'ns of 
Suffolk county. He purchased the manor of 
Nowton for three thousand pounds, and thus 
became lord of the manor, and as such held 
his first court there October 6, 1609, in the 
sixth year of James VI. His last court was 
in 1621, after which he sold out to Sir Daniel 
DeLigne. The public records show that he 
was buried November 21, 1648. and that his 
wife was buried April 29, previous. He must 
have been at the time of his death eighty-three 
vears of age. The records do not establish the 



STATE OF MAINE. 



75 



fact that the Aimrican ancestor was the son of 
this WilHani I'ainc, hut every circumstance 
points to that fact. .Among the most conspicu- 
ous of these is the use of the coat-of-arms 
which belonged exclusively to the line. 

(I) William (3), with whom the American 
history of the family begins, was born in Suf- 
folk, England, in 1598-99, probably in the 
parish of Xowton. He was presumably the 
son of William Payne, lord of the manor of 
that place, already slated. I le came to Amer- 
ica in the ship "Increase," Robert Lee, master, 
which sailed from London in April, 1635. He 
was then thirty-seven years of age, and his wife 
Ann forty years of age. They were accom- 
panied by five children, the eldest eleven years 
of age and the youngest eight weeks old. They 
landed at lioston. and at once took up their 
residence in Waterlown, where he was one of 
the earliest inhabitants and was allowed land 
July 25, 1636. This allotment consisted of 
seventy acres, which was the common share 
of each of the one hundred inhabitants. His 
location was on the present Washington street, 
about one-half mile west of Fresh pond. He 
soon acquired other tracts of land and became 
a large landholder. On July 4, 1639, with his 
brother Robert and some others, he procured 
a grant of land at Ipswich, with leave to settle 
a village, and they immediately removed 
thither, and he continued to reside there about 
sixteen years, aiding largely in building up the 
village and town. He was admitted freeman 
of the colony May 13, 1640, and had the title 
of "Mr.," which was rare among the colonists 
in those days. His name is found upon the 
legislative record of the colony from this time. 
In that year he was elected one of the tax 
commissioners; in 1642 was appointed to es- 
tablish the limits of Northend, and about the 
same time to settle the bounds of Hampton 
and Colchester; in 1643 '^^'^^ on a committee to 
determine the bounds of Exeter and Hamp- 
ton, and in 1646 and 1651 to settle matters in 
the latter town. In 1652, he was on a com- 
mittee to settle the line of Dover and Exeter, 
and in 1655 between Hampton and Salisbury. 
In 1645 he was a member of the company in- 
corporated by the general court, known as the 
"free adventurers," for the purpose of ad- 
vancing the settlement of various sections. 
Tliis enterprise he prosecuted throughout his 
life, and it was afterward fostered by his son 
John. At its beginning a grant was made to 
the company of a township of land about fifty 
miles west of Springfield, near Fort Orange, 
on the Hudson river. The Dutch then held 
possession of the fort and river, and one of the 



last acts of l'ayne"s life was a petition to the 
legislature to open negotiations with the Dutch 
government for free navigation of the river to 
New York. William I'ayne was very intimate 
with the governors, Winthrop and Dudley, 
fathers and sons of Massachusetts and Con- 
necticut, and a numerous correspondence be- 
tween him and the Winthrops is preserved. 
After the ileath of (Governor Dudley, Mr. 
Payne became the principal owner of the mills 
at \\'atertown, which had been the first milling 
enterprise in New lingland. It was at first a 
corn mill only, but was afterwards enlarged so 
as to embrace also a fulling mill. In course of 
time Mr. Payne became the owner of three- 
fourths of the Lynn Iron Works, through his 
connection with Governor Winthrop. This 
was the first undertaking of the kind on this 
continent. He was also interested in a similar 
enterprise in Iiraintree, and the inventory of 
his estate showed he died in possession of 
three-fourths of it. He was also interested in 
the iron works at New Haven, of which Gov- 
ernor John Winthrop, junior, was an owner. 
While Mr. Payne did not become an owner, 
he was for many years interested in the opera- 
tion of its business. He was also a part 
owner in five vessels at the time of his death, 
and in the lead mines at Sturbridge. He was 
an extensive owner of lands in various parts 
of the country, including the famous Thomp- 
son Island, in Boston Harbor, now the loca- 
tion of the farm school. He was interested in 
trade at Portsmouth and other points, and his 
farm lands were extensive inTopsfield, Rowley, 
Salem, and a mill privilege in Exeter. He was 
not only interested in manufacturing and farm- 
ing, but during the last few years of his life 
was an active merchant in Boston, having a 
large credit and conducting business on a very 
extensive scale. The inventory of his estate 
shows that he carried an immense stock of 
every variety of goods that could be desired in 
the new country. He appears to have been 
very liberal in giving credit to his neighbors 
and customers, and his estate at death in- 
cluded many doubtful and worthless accounts. 
It is not alone as a business man that Mr. 
Pa_\ne was distinguished. He was a sincere 
professor of religion as indicated both by his 
character and his writings. His property was 
ever treated as a means of advancing public 
weal and it would seem that his investments 
were made with an eye to that object. He 
was public-spirited and a liberal contributor to 
the cause of education. In the promotion of 
this he was one of the most active of the small 
number of men who at that early day took 



76 



STATE OF MAINE. 



measures to establish and endow a free school 
at Ipswich. This has continued to exist, and 
is to-day working upon the fund thus estab- 
lished two and one-half centuries ago. In his 
will he made a bequest of a lot of land at the 
mouth of Ipswich to be held inalienable for- 
ever, and this land is still occupied by an old 
school house on Payne street, which has for 
more than two centuries been devoted to edu- 
cation. Mr. Payne died October lo, 1660, 
leaving a will executed about one week pre- 
viously. He was evidently very weak at this 
time, as the signature is very illegible. In it a 
donation of twenty pounds is made to Harvard 
College, and various bequests to clergymen in 
the vicinity of Boston. His wife Ann sur- 
vived him, but he outlived all his children ex- 
cept one. They were: Susan, William, Han- 
nah, John and Daniel. 

(H) John, second son of Wilham (2) and 
Ann Payne, and the only one who left pos- 
terity, was born 1632, in England, and was 
three years old when he accompanied his pa- 
rents to America. He resided many years m 
Boston, and carried forward the enterprise be- 
gun by his father. He was active in promot- 
ing commerce, and received large grants of 
land for his service in seeking open navigation 
of the Hudson river and for other public ser- 
vices. These lands were on the Hudson river. 
His ser\ ice to the English government in re- 
building Fort James, at the foot of Manhattan 
Island, secured him great favor with the local 
governor antl the powers at home, in expres- 
sion of which he was made sole owner and 
governor for life of Prudence Island, in Nar- 
ragansett Bay, with courts and other machin- 
ery of a free state, in which religion was made 
free. This grant was allegeil to conflict with 
previous Indian grants, and he was arrested by 
the Rhode Island authorities and convicted of 
setting up a foreign government, but was al- 
lowed his liberty on giving up his claim. He 
died at sea in 1675. It is probable that he lost 
his property in litigation, as no record of an 
estate is found. He was married, in 1659, to 
Sarah, daughter of Richard Parker, and re- 
ceived a tract of land from the last named as 
portion of his bride. She probably died before 
her husband. Their children were : William, 
Sarah, Hainiah, Anna and Elizabeth. 

(HI) William (4), only son of John and 
Sarah (Parker). Payne, was born March 15, 
1664, probably in Boston, and passed most of 
his life in Maiden, where he died April 14, 
1741. He married, March 9, 1691, Ruth 
Grover, born 1667, died April 11, 1722. They 
had sons : William and John. 



(IV) William (5), elder son of William 
(4) and Ruth (Grover) Payne, was born No- 
vember 16, 1692, presumably in ^lalden, and 
died January 29, 1784, in Norton, Massachu- 
setts. He was a man of strong constitution 
antl great vigor of mind, determined and ob- 
stinate. Some authorities give him credit for 
living one hundred and five years, and the date 
of his birth is not absolutely certain, but the 
above is approximately correct. When Wash- 
ington's army was stationed in front of Bos- 
ton he was eighty-three years old, and when 
asked why he visited camp, he replied : "I 
come to encourage my son and grandsons, and 
see that they do their duty to their country." 
He resided in that part of Norton which is 
now Mansfield, at a time when it was infested 
with wild animals, and slaughtered many 
wolves. He married (first) April 18, 1717, 
Tabitha Waite, born 1692, died April 7, 1721, 
leaving a son William. He married (second) 
November 6, 1722. Elizabeth Sweetsir, a 
widow. Three of their children are recorded 
in iMalden ; Elizabeth, Edward and Thomas, 
the latter born 1726. No record appears of the 
others except that family tradition gives two, 
Ruth and Susannah. It is probable that there 
were two others. 

(V) William (6), son of William (5) and 
Tabitha (Waite) Paine, was born in JMalden, 
June 25, 1720, died July 17, 181 1, at over 
ninety years of age. He married Mary Bull, 
of Foxboro, in 1743. She died February, 1810. 
They had a married life of sixty-seven years, 
and had twelve children. William was a man 
of great industry and perseverance, of great 
firmness and independence, zealous in religious 
matters, and a loyal patriot. He marched with 
his aged father and two or three of his own 
sons to Boston at the outbreak of the war. It 
is said several of his sons at one time and 
another were engaged in it. It is said of him : 
"He did more with his own hands to make 
this wilderness blossom as a rose than any 
other man in town, and notwithstanding his 
extreme old age he continued to work till 
within a few days of his death." His wife is 
described as a "woman of remarkable strength 
of mind and body, strong mentally and physi- 
cally, strong in her friendships and strong in 
her prejudices, a woman of superior judgment, 
but somewhat of a tyrant, of great personal in- 
dustry, and yet a great reader. Her personal 
appearance was prepossessing, with impressive 
eyes, bright and sparkling to the last." The 
children were: William, November 13, 1743; 
Mary, died in infancy; John, August 20, 1746; 
Lemuel, April 4, 1748; Jacob, February 7, 



STATi: OF MAINE. 



77 



1750; James, September 8, 1753; Abiel, Xo- 
vember 20, 1754; Isaac, died in infancy; Asa, 
1758; Jeruslia, Marcb 10, 1760, never mar- 
ried; Hannah, August y, 1763, never married. 

(VI) Lemuel, son of William (6) and Mary 
(Bull) Paine, was born in .\pril 4, 1748. He 
married Rachel Carpenter, born January 31, 
1757, died September, 1828. Lemuel died at 
Foxboro, December 22, 1794. Children: 
Lemuel, born December 2, 1777, a famous at- 
torney of Maine, and fatlier of Henry W. 
Paine, of Cambridge, Massachusetts; Otis, 
August 16, 1779, an inventor and mechanical 
genius; .\sa. jidy 28, 1781. died in Ijoyhood ; 
Frederick, October 25, 1785, father of Albert 
W. ; Lucas, February 28, 1785, died same day; 
Rachel, August 2, 1789, Mrs. Harvey Part- 
ridge. After the death of Lemuel, his widow 
married (second) Deacon Lsaac Piatt, by 
whom she had three children. 

(VH) Frederick, son of Lemuel and Rachel 
(Carpenter) Paine, was born in Foxboro, 
Alassachusctts, November 21, 1785, died 
March 12, 1857. He married, September 21, 
1809, Abiel Ware, born in Wrentham, Decem- 
ber 6, 1787, died January 12, 1852. Frederick 
removed to Winslow, Maine, with his brother 
Lemuel, and there resided the remainder of his 
life. He was a cooper by trade, but he de- 
voted a large portion of his time to agricul- 
tural pursuits. In 181 5 he was appointed 
postmaster of Winslow, a place he held for 
thirty years. He was for many years treas- 
urer of the town. In 1808 his wife and an- 
other couple alone joined to form a church of 
the Congregational order, and were both ever 
afterward active members. Their house was 
always open for the entertainment of all min- 
isters. They were constant churchgoers, their 
pew being long never vacant and seldom less 
than full. Their religion was free from 
bigotry, liberal in practice, and charitable 
toward all. They had eight children : Charles 
Frederick, Albert Ware, Benjamin Crowning- 
shield, Caroline Matilda, Harriet Newall, Tim- 
othy Otis, the learned restorer of Solomon's 
Temple ; Charlotte Elizabeth ; Sarah Jane. 

(VHI) Albert Ware, son of Frederick and 
Abiel (Ware) Paine, was born at Winslow, 
Maine. August 16, 1812. He was graduated 
from Waterville College, class of 1832. He 
studied law with Hon. Thomas Rice and Gov- 
ernor Samuel Wells, and was admitted to 
practice as an attorney at law in 1835, open- 
ing an office in Bangor, Maine. Here he ever 
afterward resided. Was admitted to practice 
in the supreme court of the L'nited States at 



Washington, h'ebruary 16, 1853, and continued 
without any intermission busily engaged in the 
practice of his profession until his death, De- 
cember 3, 1907, aged ninety-tive years three 
months seventeen days. July 9, 1840, he mar- 
ried Mary Jones Hale, a descendant of Rev. 
John Hale, the early pastor of the church in 
Beverly and Salem, Massachusetts, who had 
so much to do with dispelling the Salem 
Witchcraft delusion. She was born May 8, 
1816, and died April 10, 1901, after a most 
lovely married life of sixty-one years. She 
was a woman of great intelligence, charming 
manner, beautiful in face and expression, re- 
taining the charm and freshness of youth un- 
til the last in an unusual degree. Four daugh- 
ters were born to Albert W. and Mary J. 
(Hale) Paine; Mary Abby, April i, 1841 ; 
Selma Ware, December 24, 1847; Lydia Au- 
gusta, January 10, 1850, and Eugenie Hale, 
i\Iay I, 1853. Three of the daughters re- 
mained at home with their parents, where they 
still reside. Lydia Augusta married, October 
29, 1872, Henry H. Carter, of' Boston ; they 
have two children : Albert Paine, December 
13, 1873, and Martha, January i, 1876. 

The passing hours of December 3, 1907, 
marked the closing scenes of the life of Albert 
Ware Paine, the most remarkable man of that 
bright galaxy of legal stars who gave to the 
bar of Maine such a commanding position in 
judicial history. For seventy-two years since 
1835, h^ 1^^<J been in the practice of his loved 
profession, and for at least seventy of those 
years in constant, active, untiring practice be- 
fore local, circuit, state, supreme and United 
States supreme courts. Even the last two 
years were not spent in idleness. He retained 
a seat in his old office and looked after the 
interests of a few old clients (principally es- 
tates), attended to his own personal affairs, 
wrote and published a work on "Mt. Hope 
Cemetery," and wrote often for the newspa- 
pers and periodicals to which he was a wel- 
come contributor. Only a very few days be- 
fore he laid down his pen forever, a letter 
written by him appeared in a Boston paper, in 
which he called on President Roosevelt to ac- 
cept another term. His capacity for work was 
enormous. Said one of his contemporaries, 'T 
do not see how he can accomplish so much ; 
how does he do it?" Not only in the applica- 
tion and the administration of law was he 
great and skilful, but deeply interested and 
useful was he in the enactment of new laws 
which would tend to a better application of 
the principles of justice, for to him law meant 



78 



STATE OF MAINE. 



Justice, and the statutes of not onh- Maine, but 
the whole world are enriched by one enact- 
ment, the product of his brain and pen. 

Mr. Paine was the author of many laws and 
amendments. Among others he drafted, had 
presented and effected the enactment of the 
following statutes : An act to abolish the dis- 
tinction between counsellors and attorneys at 
law ; an act to exempt stockholders of cor- 
porations from personal liability ; an act pro- 
viding for compulsory fire inquests ; acts re- 
lating to saving banks law ; an act relating to 
taxation of insurance companies ; an act to 
■establish an insurance department ; an act to 
exempt insurance policies from United States 
bankruptcy proceedings ; an act to protect 
family burying grounds. 

Mr. Paine was also most largely instru- 
mental in originating and passing a beneficent 
law- — that allowing criminals to testify in their 
own behalf. Before 1864, no criminal could 
■utter a word in his own defense in any court 
■of law in the world. But it must be, where 
the injustice and the need of reform are so 
great, that more than one would independently 
recognize that need, and strive or wish to re- 
form it ; and, as the authorship of this law is 
claimed for another, Mr. Paine's connection 
with it should be simply and exactly stated. 
Its history extends over many years. 

During his early life in Winslow he became 
cognizant of the case of a boy who had been 
unjustly accused, convicted and sentenced for 
a theft which he had not committed, but the 
proof of it was not found until he had lived a 
convict for three years, and hatl died with 
the shadow of disgrace upon him. It could 
not have happened had the criminal been al- 
lowed to testify in his own behalf. This, then, 
was Mr. Paine's inspiration ; a most painful 
and impressive experience before his college 
life was ended; a deep conviction that justice 
was not justice under such conditions — a con- 
viction, however, which he allowed twenty 
years of legal practice and constant advo- 
cacy to assure before he thought the time ripe 
for the accomplishment of reform. 

In 1859 j\Ir. Paine drafted his bill, carried 
it to Augusta, and caused it to be presented 
by Mr. A. G. Lebroke, a former law student 
of his, and a member of the House of Rep- 
resentatives. There he labored hard for its 
passage only to see it go down in defeat. 
Nothing daunted, he returned in i860, 1861, 
1862 and 1863, causing the subject to be 
introduced again and referred to a committee 
before which he argued the case each year 
anew. Again he went in 1864. During that 



session the proposed law became a matter of 
much interest, and met the support of the pub- 
lic quite generally. Other friends also had 
been raised to favor the bill (among them 
Mr. \'inlon, of Grey, whose name has since 
been used in connection with it), and, although 
not without strong opposition, it was passed 
at that session. After six years of labor, 
dating from the time the first bill was intro- 
duced, a law was passed providing that no 
person in the state of Maine could be sent to 
the gallows or to prison without having the 
right to tell his story to the jury. 

After the success in Maine, Mr. Paine 
brought the subject before the people by cor- 
respondence with the Boston Daily Advertiser, 
and John Quincy Adams requested him "to 
write out an ideal statute containing the pro- 
vision of the Maine Criminal law." He com- 
plied. Mr. Adams immediately presented to 
the Massachusetts House what had been writ- 
ten, urging upon it the need of such a statute. 
It met with instant favor, and, with an addi- 
tion, was carried the very forenoon of its 
presentation. Here ended Mr. Paine's direct 
service in the cause, but the law itself spread 
to other states, to the Canadian Provinces, and 
on to England and France. 

The authorship of this law is claimed for 
Chief Justice Appleton. Judge Appleton was 
Mr. Paine's deeply honored friend, and it must 
be that the advocacy, in written and spoken 
words, of one of Judge Appleton's eminence 
and character, wide influence and judicial ex- 
perience, one so universally esteemed and 
trusted, was a very potent factor in forming 
that public opinion on which is based the pas- 
sage of a law. 

j\Ir. Paine was also working to procure an 
act to legalize voting by proxy in public elec- 
tions. He had also agitated and had inter- 
ested such men as Senator Hoar, of Massa- 
chusetts, in an amendment to the Constitution 
of the United States, providing for the suc- 
cession to the Presidency in the event of the 
death of the President elect before Inaugura- 
tion Day. The joint resolution for this con- 
stitutional amendment, in which Senator Hoar 
embodied the resolution originated and sent 
him by Mr. Paine, and which he, in commit- 
tee, amended only to make it apply also to 
another closely allied defect to be remedied, 
passed the senate May 4, 1898. In the House 
of Representatives it was referred to the Com- 
mittee on the Judiciary, May 5th, but was 
never voted on in the House itself, and Mr. 
Paine, with his customary persistency in such 
matters, did not cease to urge its passage on 



STATE OF MAINE. 



79 



senators and representatives, to liis very la.-^t 
year. 

The public offices held by Mr. I'aine were: 
Dank and Insurance IC.xauiiner, 1869-70; 
State Insurance Commissioner, 1871-73; Tax 
Commissioner, 1874: and he was alderman in 
Bangor in 1861. While holding these offices, 
Mr. Paine prosecuted his law business, labor- 
ing harder and longer. He neglected neither 
his public nor his private business. While his 
life was chiefly devoted to his professional 
duties, he varied them by contribulit)ns from 
his pen to magazines and [leriodicals. lie 
wrote a great deal on current and legal topics, 
varying this by an occasional book. 1 le was a 
Swedenborgian in religion, and a volume writ- 
ten and published by him, entitled "The New 
Philosopliy," is a book of religious views, 
especially showing the author's belief in the 
intimate and close relations existing between 
the inhabitants of the material and the spirit- 
ual worlds. Other works were: "The Paine 
Genealogy," "History of Mount Hope Ceme- 
tery" (This being written in his ninety-fifth 
year) ; various Bank and Insurance Commis- 
sion Reports, Insurance Commission Reports, 
and Tax Commission Reports, and he was the 
only correspondent of'^the Aroostook War. 
Aside from his official reports, his writings 
were his recreation. In his profession, he 
argued cases before the Supreme Court in 
Washington, also before the Circuit and Dis- 
trict Courts of the United States, and before 
the State Courts of Massachusetts, New 
Hampshire, New York and Minnesota. The 
whole number of cases he argued was in ex- 
cess of five hundred, more than three hundred 
of which are reported in the "Maine Reports." 
He tried or argued cases before every Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas, the District 
Court and the Supreme Court of Maine, who 
has been seated on the bench since Maine be- 
came a state, excepting only one who left the 
bench before Mr; Paine's admission. His 
cases were notable, and the decisions given 
were of the greatest importance. He tried 
causes involving question of title respecting 
almost every dam or mill privilege on the 
Penobscot river. In fact, all questions of 
more than ordinary importance fountl him en- 
gaged by one side or the other. Early in life 
Mr. Paine resolved to seek or accept no office 
that would interfere with his work as a law- 
yer, and this explains why he never held pub- 
lic elective office. For over forty years he 
was one of the directors of the Maine Tele- 
graph Company, and in 1876 was elected presi- 
dent. In iSs- he was elected treasurer of the 



Mt. Hope Cemetery Corporation, holding that 
position for fifty years. He was senior mem- 
ber of the I'enobscot bar, and president, and 
since 1859 its treasurer and librarian for many 
years. i\lany parcels of land in Bangor were 
in his professional care, and he laid out and 
named many of the city streets. The Soldiers' 
Cemetery and Monument were the result of 
his suggestion. While attorney for the Land 
Office, Air. Paine performed a service to the 
citizens of Maine that cannot be overestimated, 
when he secured from a refuse heap in the 
State House at Boston, Massachusetts, the 
early records, documents and plans of lands 
in all parts of Maine. These records involved 
the titles to lots in I>angor and other towns, 
and descriptions of early surveys. Two large 
drygoods boxes of these valuable maps and 
papers were recovered, but only after legisla- 
tive and legal steps had been taken to compel 
Massachusetts to surrender them. They have 
since been bound into volumes and preserved 
in the Maine Land Office — a rich inheritance 
for the citizens, the titles to whose homes is 
there largely to be found. But for Mr. Paine's 
zeal these valuable papers would have been 
irrevocably lost. 

Much could be said concerning Mr. Paine's 
professional life, but the greater part must be 
left unsaid. Suffice it to say that he always 
believed in the justice of his cause, and the in- 
tegrity of his client, and his services were 
sought and obtained by the very best class of 
men and corporations. His business was not 
to tear down and defeat the purpose of exist- 
ing laws, but to upbuild and perfect where he 
saw weakness. His life was open and above 
reproach. One said of him : "I preach Albert 
W. Paine to the boys." No grander eulogy 
could be uttered. His home was his haven 
of rest, and "a constant source of happiness 
and refreshment." He left professional cares 
at the office, and in his home and garden (of 
which he was very fond) obtained social 
recreation and healthy rest for the duties of the 
morrow. None ever saw him angry, yet none 
could intimidate him. "By common consent he 
was an honest, honorable man, an upright 
member of society, a model head of a family, 
a loyal citizen of the Republic, of simple tastes 
and high ideals." "Without that bright spark 
we call genius, he accomplished results by 
indefatigable labor and industry, what others 
of a higher order of talent to do." An oil 
portrait of Mr. Paine hangs in the library 
of the Supreme Court of Maine. He was a 
man of most temperate habits in everything. 
A strong supporter of Maine's prohibitory 



8o 



STATE OF MAINE. 



law, and a total abstainer himself, he was not 
fanatical in his views nor intolerant of the 
rights of others. A most independent thinker 
on religious and political questions, he ac- 
corded cheerfully to others the same inde- 
pendent freedom of thought and action. In 
early days he was anti-slavery in his views. 
As a Whig, he joined the Republican party 
at its formation, and always remained true 
to that party. He was of a most sunny, gen- 
ial disposition, of a witty and humorous turn 
of mind, and one who inspired warm friend- 
ships. In the latter respect, he gave freely 
from the depths of a loving heart, and in 
return received the love and affection of men, 
as well as the unvarying respect of his col- 
leagues and acquaintances. The character of 
his age was remarkable (even five years be- 
fore his death it had become customary to 
call him the oldest practicing lawyer in the 
United States, although the truth of such 
statements cannot be proved absolutely — and 
the practice was not active), yet that character 
was but the culmination of a long, fruitful 
life, true to its own principle of thought and 
action. While the years greatly impaired his 
hearing and slightly lessened his memory of 
unimportant names, they left his step quick, 
his voice and hand firm, and his eye strong 
to serve him in reading and writing all day 
long if need be. He and his pen were very 
intimate, and they worked with wonderful 
ease and harmony together. He talked a 
great deal with thought and wit and sense, 
and had the unfailing courtesy of his kindli- 
ness and his smiling countenance. Yet he 
usually had, within, some serious project he 
was brooding. His judgment and mind seemed 
to strengthen with his rich experience and 
practice of a lifetime, and he had always a 
conscious, grateful joy in life itself, and the 
promise of the life to come. On being wished 
a centenary, he said: "Providence willing, I 
hope for that favor." In all his fourscore and 
fifteen years, the day never came, unless in 
temporary illness, or to the last week, when 
he did not rise to meet the morn, full of en- 
ergy and enthusiastic interest for what he had 
planned to bring to pass that day. He did 
not load himself with resentments of any kind. 
He condemned no one, and he always found 
some well-reasoned allowance for the delin- 
quent. He reserved all his resentment for un- 
just laws. His ideal of happiness to all eter- 
nity was useful service ; and, very useful, faith- 
ful and full of faith, and joyous — he helped to 
make the world better for ninety-five years. 



To no one more truly than to him can be ap- 
plied the words : He "kept at eve the faith ot 
morn." 



The Smalls were intimately con- 
SAIiVLL nected with the earliest history of 
Maine and New Hampshire. 
They were of English blood, and brought with 
them the traditions of a valiant ancestry. In 
the year 1330, John and William Small, of 
Dartmouth, were flatteringly mentioned in an 
act under Edward III, and some of their 
descendants seemed to have resided there con- 
tinuously to this day. There were also rec- 
ords in 1682 of Smalls in Gloucestershire, 
England, who claimed to be of the same or- 
igin as the Smalleys of Leicestershire. In the 
early York deeds we find that the name has 
been spelled Smale, Small, and Smalley — 
these dififerent spellings having been used by 
the same men. It is not to be wondered at 
that some branches of this family have adopted 
the form Smalley. 

(I) Edward Small, who came to America 
about 1632, was probably from Dartmouth, or 
some other point in Devonshire, England, 
where the family has long been one of high 
character and position. He is said to have 
come under the auspices of his kinsman. Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges. He, with Champernown 
and others, founded Piscataqua, which was 
afterwards divided into the Maine towns of 
Kittery, Eliot, South Berwick, and Berwick. 
Edward Small was at the first general court 
at Saco in 1640, also member of the grand 
jury the same year. His name was entered 
on the list as "Edward Small, gent." We find 
him at old Falmouth, Maine, in 1640; a magis- 
trate there in 1645; and that afterwards he 
was at the Isle of Shoals. He was one of 
the magistrates of the general court held at 
Saco, October 21, 1645. He seems to have 
built a house in Piscataqua before 1643, as 
the grant of one hundred acres made to him 
July 25, 1643, by Thomas Gorges, deputy 
governor of the Province of Maine (in be- 
half of Sir Ferdinando Gorges Kt. Ld., pro- 
prietor of said province) was specified as "ly- 
ing between two crickes of each side of the 
house of the said Edward Small, and so back- 
ward to Sturgeon Crick," five shillings vearly 
being payment for the same. Five years later, 
June 23, 1647, Edward Small sold' this tract 
of land and "my dwelling house field" to An- 
tipus Maverick, for forty-five pounds. No 
mention of wife or children is found in any 
deed or record. The last mention we find of 



STATE U1-" MAINE. 



81 



him is in the Isle of Shoal>, in 1653. He 
probably returiieil to England. 

(II) Francis Small, who may be regarded as 
the ancestor of the Small family of Maine, 
may have been son of Edward Small, but of 
this we have no proof. He came to America 
about 1632. He was baptized in England, 
October 6, 1C25. He may have been named 
for Captain Francis Champernown, whose 
father, Arthur Champernown, was owner of 
large grants of land in Maine and New Hamp- 
shire. Francis Champernown died in 16S7, 
aged seventy-three. He had no children of 
his own, so willed his large estates to his 
wife (who was the widow of Robert Cutt) 
and to her children. He also gave to Eliza- 
beth Small, "my servant maid, in behalf of 
what I formerly promised her," thirty acres 
of land at Spruce Creek ; also ten pounds in 
cattle and ten pounds in goods. Elizabeth 
Small may have been a sister of Francis. She 
was the wife of Thomas Hooper, of York, 
when she sold this piece of land to Henry Bar- 
ter, of Kittery, March 5, 1697-98. Francis 
Small was living in Dover, New Hampshire, 
in 1648, with his wife Elizabeth. In 1657 
he was a resident of Falmouth, Maine. The 
earliest Indian deed of land in Falmouth was 
made July 27, 1657, by Scitterygussett, to 
Francis Small. It reads thus : "Bee it knowne 
unto all men by these presents, that I Scittery- 
gussett of Casco Bay Sagamore, do hereby 
grant, sell &c all that upland and Marshes at 
Capissicke, Lying up along the Northerne 
side of the river unto the head thereof & so 
to reach & extend unto ye river side of Amme- 
cungan." Francis Small bound himself 
"yearly to pay unto ye said Scitterygussett 
Sagamore, during his life, one Trading coate 
for Capussicke & one Gallone of Lyquors for 
Animomingan." May 10, 1658, Francis Small 
assigned one-half of this land to John Phil- 
lips, of Boston. July 13, 1658, the "Inhabi- 
tants of Black Poynt, Bleu Point, Spurwink 
and Cascoe Bay owned themselves subject to 
the Government of J\lass. Bay in N. E." 
Francis Small headed this list, and was one 
of the few whose names were written without 
a mark. November 2, 1658, he sold to Isaac 
Walker, of Boston, "the plantation lately 
bought of Richard IMartyn, called Alartyn's 
Point, over against Clapboard Island." He 
had a grant of one hundred acres of land in 
that part of Kittery called Newichawannock, 
also two hundred and two acres on eastern 
side of the Piscataqua river. (See deed to his 
son Daniel Small, of Truro, Mass., dated Oc- 
tober 31, 1712.) 



In tile year 1659, Francis Small "was 
employed by Major Nicholas Shapleigh to 
purchase a certain great Ysland called Se- 
bascoe Diggin, lying against a Necke of 
land called Merriconeag." He built a 
house there "by order of Major Shapleigh 
and possessed the Ysland in his l)ehalf. ' 
"This was called Small's Island." May 10, 
1683, Francis Small, senior, aged about fifty- 
six, and his wife Elizabeth, aged about forty- 
nine, testified to the above facts. They had 
one child born there, which was the "first white 
child of English parents" born in that part of 
Maine. Francis Small was again attorney 
for Falmouth in 1663. He was living in Kit- 
tery in 1668, but he had a house and trading 
camp where the village of Cornish now is. 
This was doubtless the first house built in 
that town or in any part of the Ossipee lands. 
"In the summer of 1668, Francis Small sold 
goods to the Newichawannoch tribe of Indians 
on credit, to be paid for in furs in the autumn ; 
but when the time of payment drew near the 
red men deemed it easier to kill Small than 
to pay him, and they decided to fire his house 
and shoot him when he came out to escape 
the flames. Cai)tain Sunday, the chief of the 
tribe, was friendly to Small, and told him what 
the Indians were to do, and advised him to 
flee for his life. Small thought the tale a 
cunningly devised fable to frighten him away 
in order to avoid payment ; but when night 
came, thinking it wise to be on the side of 
safety, he secreted himself in some pines on 
the hill near by, and watched through the 
long November night. With the coming of 
the (lawn, a flame of fire shot up from the 
burning house, whereupon Small took flight 
and paused not until he reached his home in 
Kittery. Chief Sunday followed Small to Kit- 
tery, and there made good the loss, by selling 
to him the entire Ossipee tract of land. The 
deed was dated November 28, 1668. The 
signature of Captain Sunday was a turtle. It 
conveyed to Francis Small "my great tract of 
land at Osobe containing twenty miles square 
and lying between the two rivers of great 
Osobe, and Little Ossipee, so called, and being 
the same land where the said Francis Small's 
trading house now stands, and from the river 
Meehewonock near Humphrey Chadbourne's 
logging camp, and to extend Northerly and 
Easterly to Saco river." The consideration 
was "two large Indian blankets, Two gallons 
Rum, Two pounds powder, four pounds of 
]\Iuscet Balls, and twenty string of Indian 
beads, with several other articles." This deed 
is still in existence, and was recorded in 1773, 



82 



STATE OF MAINE. 



when one hundred and five years old. Francis 
Small conveyed one undivided half of the Os- 
sipee lands to Major Nicholas Shapleigh; and 
the other half to his son Samuel, April 30, 
171 1. These lands were divided between the 
heirs of F"rancis Small and Nicholas Shap- 
leigh, about 1 78 1. It is now incorporated in 
the towns of Limington, Limerick, Cornish, 
Parsonsfield and Newfield. Cornish was first 
named Francisborough. 

Francis Small had wife Elizabeth in 1648, 
when they were living in Dover, New Hamp- 
shire. No record of marriage has been found, 
but it is probable that she was a Leighton. 
Their children were : Edward, married' Mary 
Woodman, of Dover, New Hampshire; Fran- , 

cis, married Elizabeth , and died in 

Truro, Massachusetts, 1709; Samuel, born 
about 1664, in Kittery, Maine; (see forward) ; 

Benjamin, married Rebecca and went 

to Harwich, Massachusetts ; Daniel, a car- 
penter of Truro; Massachusetts, in 1712; was 
of Provincetown, Massachusetts, February, 
1729-30; Elizabeth, married j\iarch 7, 1704-05, 
John Pugsley, of Dover, New Hampshire; 
Alice, married Thomas Wormwood ; and 
Mary, born about 1654, married Nicholas 
Frost, before 1677. Francis Small went to 
Cape Cod to spend his last years, with his 
son Daniel, and died there about 1713, "be- 
ing about 93 years of age." 

(Ill) Samuel, son of Francis Small and 
Elizabeth (Leighton ?) Small, was born about 
1664, in Kittery, Maine. He was living there 
in 1737, and may have reached an age as 
great as his father. A deposition of Samuel 
Small, dated November 11, 1737, "aged about 
seventy-three years," testifies that in his youth 
he was a servant to Henry Jocelyn several 
years at Pemaquid. He may have remained 
there until the death of Mr. Jocelyn, in 1683. 
He had grants of land in Kittery in 1694-99, 
of one hundred acres. He lived at Sturgeon 
Creek. He bought of Peter Wittum, Decem- 
ber 12, 1696, sixteen acres on the southwest 
side of Sturgeon Creek, with house and or- 
chard. He was still living there in 1728 
(when he deeded it to his beloved son Joseph 
to be his "after my decease"). He had a 
grant of thirty-eight acres at Sturgeon creek 
on the 4th day of March, 1699-1700, which he 
sold to James Davis, October 31, 1727. He 
was one of the most respected men of the 
town. He was a witness to many deeds and 
wills, and helped settle many estates. No doubt 
he was an early member of the Berwick Con- 
gregational church, as his name is in the list 
of members June 4, 1702, the day that the 



new- meeting house was dedicated. In 171 1 
he received the deed of the Ossipee lands 
from his father, Francis Small. It may be 
well to mention here that when Francis Small 
was over ninety years old and too feeble to 
sign his name, he gave a deed of these same 
lands to his son Daniel (dated October 31, 
1712). This deed was proved invalid. Sam- 
uel Small married, before 1694, Elizabeth 
Chadbourne. widow of James Chadbourne, 
and daughter of Ensign James Heard. Their 
children were born in Kittery, and were: 
Elizabeth, born November 9, 1695, married 
Benjamin ?^Iarch, February 10, 1713-14; Sam- 
uel Jr., born April 17, 1700 (see forward). 
Joseph, born December 3, 1702, married Mary 
Libby, April 12, 1722; and Mary, baptized 
May 27, 1707, married Solomon Davis, of 
Marblehead, October 15, 1720. 

(IV) Deacon Samuel (2), second child 
of Samuel (i) and Elizabeth (Heard) Small, 
was born at Kittery, Maine, April 17, 1700. 
When but a lad he displayed all the sturdy 
characteristics of his long line of noble an- 
cestry. He threaded the pathways of the for- 
ests to the north and w-est, and sailed far 
along the eastern coast. He was the third 
and last single owner of the famous Ossipee 
lands. He was very active in the organization 
of the First Congregational Church in Scar- 
boro (where he made his home after 1726), 
and was its first deacon in 1728. He was 
chosen clerk of Scarboro in 1727, and with 
the single exception of 1775, when he was 
probably absent from home attending to mat- 
ters in connection with the coming war, he 
was clerk every year until 1779 — a period of 
fifty-two years. And strange as it may seem 
to us, he was usually moderator of the meet- 
ings also. He was usually one of the select- 
men, and a member of all important commit- 
tees. In 1786, when carrying the weight of 
eighty-six years, he was moderator of the 
meeting for the last time ; and when at the 
ripe old age of ninety years, he for the last 
time served on a committee. For sixty-three 
years his was the most conspicuous name 
on the Scarljoro records. Deacon Samuel 
was very active in matters which led up to 
the revolutionary war, and was so extremely 
enthusiastic in the cause of liberty that he 
recorded the entire Declaration of Independ- 
ence in the town clerk's book. At the age of 
seventv-eight vears he was at the head of the 
committee of correspondence, inspection and 
safety, and at the age of seventy-nine years 
he was a member of the convention at Cam- 
bridge to form a state government. The 



STATE OF MAINE. 



83 



date of his deatli is unknown, but his years 
probably equalled those of his grandfather 
Francis, who dieil at the age of ninety-three. 
He was buried in the old cemetery at Scar- 
boro, and a stone marks the spot. 

He married, January 17, 1716-17, Anna 
Hatch, of Tortsmouth, New Hampshire, 
daughter of Captain John Hatch. A reason 
for this early marriage is to be found in the 
fact that her father died about the time of 
her birth ; and her only brother died in Au- 
gust, 1716, leaving her without a home. No 
doubt she was welcomed to her new home by 
the parents of her husband. Samuel Small Sr. 
deeded to his son Samuel a ])ortion of the 
homestead land at Sturgeon Creek, July 9, 
1719. Their children, as recorded on Kittery 
records, were : Samuel, see forward ; Anna ; 
John ; Joshua ; and Elizabeth. The others, 
born in Scarboro, were Sarah, Benjamin, 
James and Alary. 

(V) Samuel (3), oldest son of Deacon 
Samuel (2) and Anna (Hatch) Small, of 
Scarboro, Maine, was born May 26, 1718, in 
Kittery, Maine, but went to Scarboro with his 
parents when about ten years old. Like his 
father, he was deacon in the Congregational 
church, and was town clerk. He was chief 
justice of Cumberland county court of com- 
mon pleas. In 1773 his father divided the 
Ossipee lands, giving to him and his brother 
Joshua three-eighths each, and to Benjamin 
(son of this Samuel) one-twelfth. These three 
men went up to Limington and took posses- 
sion of their ancestral acres. After a contest 
in the courts, the Indian deed was pronounced 
valid, and their title perfect. Samuel Small 
married, February 16, 1741-42, Dorothy, 
daughter of Captain Richard Hubbard, of 
Kingston, New Hampshire, born June 25, 
1723. Their children were all born in Scar- 
boro : Abigail, Benjamin, Sarah, Samuel, 
Francis, Martha, Dorothy, James, Willam (see 
forward), Anna and Dorothy. 

(VI) William, son of Deacon Samuel (3) 
and Dorothy (Hubbard) Small, was born 
June 8, 1759, in Scarboro, Maine, and died 
about 1833, in Limington, Maine. He always 
resided in Limington, was a manufacturer of 
shoes, and a most highly respected citizen. His 
home was one of truest joy and peace ; nothing 
delighted him more than to help his neigh- 
bors, and give a cordial greeting to all 
strangers who came to the town. William 
Small married (first) January 7, 1782, Mary 
March, born August 29, 1761, in Scarboro, 
Maine, and died October 16, 1794, in Liming- 
ton, daughter of Lieutenant Colonel Samuel 



March, of Scarboro. a brave soldier of the 
revolutionary war (and granddaughter of 
Benjamin March, who married Elizabeth 
Small, and great-granddaughter of Samuel 
Small (I\'') and Mrs. Ivlizabeth Chadbourne.) 
William Small married (second) Novetnber i, 
1795, Sarah March, born January 22, 1771, in 
Scarboro, and died May 3, 1849, '" Calais, 
Maine (sister of Mary March). The children 
of the first marriage of William Small were : 
Sarah, Eunice, Mary, Martha, Anna, Samuel, 
and twins — Lucy and Jane. The children of 
William Small's second marriage were : Will- 
iam, James, Issacher, Abner, Eliza, Lavinia, 
John IM. and Harriet N. 

William Small was a revolutionary soldier, 
serving as a private in Captain Benjamin Lar- 
rabee's company, under command of Colonel 
John Mitchell, in 1773: a private in Captain 
Roger Libby's company in 1779; also sergeant 
in Captain John Andrew's company, unrler 
Brigadier General Wadsworth, in 1780. He 
made an application for pension July 30, 1832, 
at which time he was seventy-three years of 
age, and was allowed for nine months' service. 
(VII) Abner, son of William Small and 
of his second wife, Sarah March, w-as born 
in Limington, Maine, October 27, 1802, and 
died November 17, 1867, in Gardiner, Maine. 
He was an alert and active business man — a 
man of truly patriotic spirit, and was one of 
the most highly esteemed citizens of Gardiner. 
He joined Adoniram Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, at Limington, Maine, in 1824, 
and in 1826 became a member of Hermon 
Lodge, in Gardiner, Maine. He was one of 
thirty-two members who stood firmly by the 
lodge during the Morgan excitement. He 
lived for several years in Mount Vernon, 
Maine; was made master of Vernon Valley 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, and served 
as postmaster under two administrations. He 
was also commissioned a captain in the state 
militia. Abner Small married, in 1832, Mary 
Ann Benard Randall, born in Gardiner, Maine, 
October 21, 1805, died February 28, r88i, in 
West Waterville, Maine, daughter of Benja- 
min Randall and Mary Hill Webber. She 
was a woman of gentle and refined character, 
and a devoted member of Christ Church, Gar- 
diner. Their children were: i. Hampton 
Dunreath Plumer, born May 31, 1833: grad- 
uate of Waterville College ; died August 23, 
1862. 2. Abner Randall, born May i, 1836; 
see forward. 3. Emilus Norris Dumont. born 
June 8, 1842; a brave lieutenant in the Sec- 
ond Maine Cavalry in the civil war. He was 
first mustered into the L^nited States service as 



84 



STATE OF MAINE. 



first sergeant of Company A, Sixteenth Maine 
Infantry, August 14, 1862, and discharged for 
disability, March 2, 1863. Recovering his 
heahh, he was again mustered into the serv- 
ice, December 11, 1863, as sergeant major, 
Second Maine Cavalry, and soon after pro- 
moted to second lieutenant of Company ^1, 
same regiment. He married Annie M. Ben- 
son, June 28, 1871, in Oakland, Maine. They 
have one son, Deane Benson Small, born 
April 8, 1879. He is now district superintend- 
ent of the New England Telephone & Tele- 
graph Company,, and located in Portland, 
Maine. He married, June 27, 1907, Alice Cor- 
nish Bassett, daughter of Hon. Josiah W. 
Bassett, of Winslow, Maine. 4. Emma Sedg- 
wick, who has been for several years super- 
visor of drawing in the public schools of 
Seattle, Washington. 

Samuel March, grandfather of Abner Small, 
was a member of the provisional congress. He 
was lieutenant-colonel of Colonel Edward 
Phinney's thirty-first Regiment of Foot, and 
served at Cambridge until December 31, 1775. 
He held the same commission under the same 
colonel in the Eighteenth Continental regi- 
ment in 1776, and served tliroiigh the siege of 
Boston, marching in August to reinforce the 
Northern Army at Fort Ticonderoga, serving 
until December 31, 1776. 

(\TII) Major Abner Randall Small, son 
of Abner and Mary A. B. (Randall) Small, 
was born May i, 1836, in Gardiner, Maine. 
When a boy he changed his middle name to 
Ralph. He has been a resident of Oakland, 
Maine, since i860 — one of the noblest sons of 
the old Pine Tree State, beloved by all who 
know him, for his energetic character, sturdy 
patriotism, strict honesty, warm hospitality, 
and other fine qualities. 

"?\Iajor Abner Randall Small was first mus- 
tered into the United States volunteer service 
as a private in Company G, Third Maine In- 
fantry, in June, 1861. He was speedily pro- 
moted corporal, then sergeant. In June, 1862, 
he received further promotion by being com- 
missioned and mustered into the United States 
service as first lieutenant and adjutant, to be 
assigned, and later was mustered in as adju- 
tant of the Sixteenth Maine Infantry. In 
December, 1862, he was assigned to duty as 
aide-de-camp on the staff of Colonel Adrian 
R. Root, commanding First Brigade, Second 
Division, First Army Corps. While thus serv- 
ing he was complimented with a well-deserved 
special mention for his distinguished gallantry 
displayed in the battle of Fredericksburg. On 
July 1st, 1863, he was also appointed assistant 



adjutant general, same brigade. Later on he 
received special mention in general orders for 
his brave conduct in the battle of Gettysburg, 
which has been well described in many papers 
and histories. He also participated in all the 
battles in which his regiment was engaged 
until taken and held prisoner from August 
i8th, 1864, to February 22nd, 1865. In the 
meantime he was commissioned major, Octo- 
ber, 1864, of the same command. Thus he 
was with his regiment, the Sixteenth Maine, 
from the time of its organization until it W'as 
mustered out, June 5th, 1865. 

"It is needless to say of Alajor Small that 
his record is one of sterling honor. His mili- 
tary skill and ardor, his devotion to the best 
welfare of his regiment, his lofty and unflag- 
ging patriotism, and his conspicuous gallantry, 
have placed his name on the roll of the most 
distinguished ofiicers who aided to put down 
the rebellion." His fine military record is 
contained in Report of Adjutant General of 
Maine, vol. i, p. 456, and U. S. Official War 
Records — Gettysburg, series i, vol. xxvii, p. 
293, and Fredericksburg, series i, vol. xxi, pp. 
487, 489. 

After the civil war, ]\lajor Small settled in 
Oakland, Maine. He was for thirty-three 
years treasurer of the Somerset Railway Com- 
pany, and for many years one of its directors ; 
first clerk and treasurer of the Madison Wool- 
en Company since 1892, and accountant of 
the Dunn Edge Tool Company, since 1868. 
Major Small is a charter member of De Molay 
Commandery of Knights Templar, also a mem- 
ber of the Military (/)rder of the Loyal Le- 
gion of the United States, and of the ?».Iaine 
Society of the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion. 

Major Small married (first) Julia Maria 
Fairbanks, in 1865. He married (second) 
October 24, 1888, Medora Frances Clark, 
who was born February 15, 1850, in Gardiner, 
Maine, daughter of Nathaniel Clark Jr. and 
Maria A. G. T. Holbrook. Mrs. Small is an 
enthusiastic club woman, having been a loyal 
member of the Maine Federation of Women's 
Clubs since its organization in 1892. She is 
a member of Koussinoc Chapter, D. A. R., of 
Augusta, Maine. Their children are : Ralph 
Hugo Small, born in Oakland, Maine, Decem- 
ber 27. i88g; and Harold Adams Small, born 
in Oakland, Maine, April 19, 1893. 

Mrs. Medora Frances (Clark) Small is de- 
scended from the immigrant Edward Clark 
(q. v.), through Joseph" (II), David (III), 
Nathaniel (IV), and 

(V) Ephraim Clark, son of Nathaniel and 



STATE OF MAINE. 



8= 



Abigail (Dennett) Clark, was born May 14, 
1756, in Kittery, Maine, and died August 12, 
1847, in Liniing-ton, Maine. He married, Au- 
gust, 1784. Lucy Small, burn February 11, 
1763, in Scarborougli, Maine; died June, 
1827, in Limington, ilaine. .She was daughter 
of Joshua Small and Susanna (Kennard) 
Small, of Scarborough and Limington, Maine. 
Their children were: Nathaniel, Samuel, John, 
Mary, Edward, Ephraim, Lucy, Eliot (died 
young), Asenath and Eliot. 

Ephraim Clark inherited a spirit of adven- 
ture and daring from his Small ancestors, 
which found full scope in the revolutionary 
war. His record was a remarkable one. He 
enlisted November 17, 1776, as seaman on the 
privateer "Dalton," was captured on her and 
taken to Plymouth, England, and put in Mill 
Prison, where he remained till March 15, 
1779; when with other prisoners he was taken 
to Nantes, France, to be exchanged. He en- 
listed April 5, 1779, for one year's service, 
on Continental frigate ".\lliance," Captain 
Pierre Landais, in tlie Beet under Commodore 
Paul Jones, and was in the fight September 
23, 1779. when the "Serapis" and "Countess 
of Scarboro," British frigates, were captured. 
He was taken prisoner October 9, 1779, and 
taken to Fortune prison, Portsmouth, England. 
He escaped and went to Cherbourg, France, 
May 3, 1780. He was on the cutter "Marquis 
Marbeck," a privateer under American colors 
sailing from Dunkirk, France, when she was 
captured September 9, 1781, by a British ves- 
sel, and he was taken again to Mill Prison in 
England. He was exchanged, and arrived at 
Marblehead, Massachusetts, August, 1782. In 
1784 he was living in Kittery, Maine. He 
settled in Limington, Maine, and owned a 
farm. 

He was pensioned July 4, 1820. and 
again in 1832. His grandsons spent many 
happy hours at the old homestead listening to 
the stories of his hairbreadth escapes and ad- 
ventures by sea and land. It is related of 
him that when almost ninety years old he 
offered to teach one of his grandchildren to 
dance, saying: "When I was young I gave 
dancing lessons in France." Two rare old 
books, written by comrades of Ephraim Clark, 
contain much of interest about the infamous 
Old Mill Prison and the prisoners confined in 
its walls, viz. : "Memoirs of Rev. Andrew 
Sherburne" and "Diary of Charles Her- 
bert." 

(VI) Nathaniel (2), eldest son of Ephraim 
and Lucy (Small) Clark, was born in Liming- 



ton, Maine, December 24, 178-;, and died there 
March 6, 1850. lie married, October 13, 1808, 
Martha Small, daughter of William Small and 
his first wife Mary March. She was born 
June 15, 1788, in Limington, and died there 
January 20, 1826. Their children were : Ira, 
Julia A., Charles, Harriet S. and Nathaniel. 
Nathaniel Clark Sr. married (second) Octo- 
ber 22, 1826, Mary Gilpatrick (Adams) Small, 
widow of David Small. Their children were 
Lewis, Martha, George A., Julia A., Cordelia 
and Sarah. He was one of the charter mem- 
bers of Adoniram Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of Limington. The lodge 
erected a monument to his memory in 1850. 
He was a very genial man, kind and upright, 
and highly respected in the community. He 
was a manufacturer of boots and shoes. He 
was chorister of the Baptist church for many 
years. 

(VII) Nathaniel (3), son of Nathaniel 
(2) Clark and his wife, Martha (Small) 
Clark, was born in Limington, Maine, June 
10, 1821, and died October 30, 1902, in Oak- 
land, Maine, at the home of his daughter, 
Mrs. A. R. Small. He was married in Hal- 
lowell, Maine, August 21, 1848, to Maria Ann 
G. T. Holbrook, born in Topsham, Maine, Jan- 
uary II, 1825, daughter of Captain John and 
Ruth (Thompson) Holbrook, of Brunswick, 
Maine. She died in Lynn, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 9, 1901. Mr. Clark was in the boot 
and shoe business in Gardiner, Maine, for over 
twenty years, being a member of the firm of 
Cox & Clark for several years. He was then 
in business alone, and was honored for his 
strict integrity and his blameless life. He was 
one of the most faithful members of the Bap- 
tist church. He went to Wakefield, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1871, where he was in the same 
business several years. After he retired from 
business he lived in Boston, Maiden, Clifton- 
dale, and Lynn, Massachusetts. After the 
death of his wife he spent the one remaining 
year of his life with his oldest daughter, Mrs. 
A. R. Small. Mr. Clark's children were all 
born in Gardiner, Maine : Medora Frances, 
married Major A.- R. Small, of Oakland, 
Maine (see Small VIII) ; Howard Ripley, who 
has been connected with some of the leading 
publishing houses of Boston, Philadelphia and 
New York; and Harriet Ethel, an accountant 
in New York City. Howard R. Clark married 
Lulu C. Magee, in Germantown, Pennsylva- 
nia, September 24, 1889, and has one 
child, RIarie Hildegarde. born August is. 
1891. 



86 



STATE OF MAINE. 



(For early generations see preceding sketch.) 

(Ill) Francis (2), son of Fran- 
SMALL cis (i) Small, was born about 
1654, died at Truro, Massachu- 
setts, about 1710. He married Elizabeth 
; children : Francis, Samuel, &c. 

(IV) Samuel Small, born about 1690, died 
1729; resided at Truro, Massachusetts, and 
was a man of sturdy and noble qualities. He 
married, in 1713, Isabel Dyer, who was born 
at Truro, Massachusetts, in 1695. She was 
one of the sturdiest of Old Cape Cod (Massa- 
chusetts) families, and was a noble helpmeet 
for Samuel Small. Their children, all born 
at Truro, were: Samuel, 1714; Taylor, 1716; 
Francis, 1719; Mary, 1721; Isabel, 1724; Ly- 
dia, 1727, and Hix, 1729. 

(V) Taylor Small, born September 15, 1 716, 
at Truro, Massachusetts, died at Great Island 
(Great Sebascedegan), Harpswell. Maine. He 
was a man who inherited all the sturdy and 
noble characteristics of his Small and Dyer 
ancestors, and his life was a constant round 
of helpfulness for his family, neighbors and 
friends. He removed from Truro, Massachu- 
setts, to Harpswell, Maine, about 1750. He 
there purchased a fine old farm on a part of 
which some of his descendants still reside. He 
cleared away the sturdy forest trees with great 
energy, raised fine crops on every foot of land 
that he wrested from the wilderness, and be- 
came the owner of the finest lot of cattle on 
that part of the Maine coast. Not\ satisfied 
with all the hard work which was involved, he 
explored the eastern part of Casco Bay, and 
discovered some of the best "fishing grounds" 
off Harpswell and Cape Small Point. He was 
of great service in all things pertaining to the 
welfare of Harpswell, and was one of the most 
earnest patriots of this town famed far and 
wide for its patriotism. Two of his sons 
served in the revolutionary war. Taylor Small 
dwelt in the midst of one of the finest colonies 
of people that ^Massachusetts ever sent to the 
Maine coast. It comprised such family names 
as Otis, Raymond, Ridley, Snow, Purrington 
and Coombs. Among these Taylor Small 
stood as a man of the truest type of manhood 
and Christian zeal. While he had a great af- 
fection for his children, he ever helped them 
when the adventurous spirit of Francis Small 
was manifest in their words and deeds. All 
but one of these children moved from Harps- 
well, Maine, hewing out for themselves fine 
farms from the forest lands at Bowdoinham, 
Bowdoin, and other Maine towns. Taylor 
Small married, in 1742, at Truro, Massachu- 
setts, Thankful Ridley, who was born at Truro, 



Massachusetts, November 25, 1726, and who 
died at Harpswell, Maine, June 12, 1796. She 
was the daughter of Thomas Ridley, and a 
direct descendant of the famous Bishop Rid- 
ley, of England. She was a woman of un- 
tiring energy, and a most faithful Christian. 
The children of Taylor Small and Thankful 
Ridley, his wife, were: Deborah, Thankful, 
Tavlor, Joseph, David, Thomas, Samuel, 
Epiiraim, Lydia, Mark and Hix. 

(\'I) Joseph, son of Taylor and Thank- 
ful (Ridley) Small, was born, as the old 
records quaintly state, "in the latter end of 
August, 1748," at Truro, Massachusetts, and 
died at Bowdoin, Maine, February 13, 1831, 
aged eighty-three years. He moved to Bow- 
doin at an early date, and entered most heart- 
ily into the pioneer work which was thus in- 
volved in his going to a place where wild 
beasts were many and the settlers were few. 
Before his death he had become the posses- 
sor of a farm that was the pride of people 
for miles aroimd. He was a man of very 
honest, upright character, and his descendants 
are famed for their skillful energy and trust- 
worthiness. Joseph Small married, March 29, 
1773, at Great Island, Harpswell, Maine, Jem- 
ima, daughter of Joshua Purington. Their 
children were: Joshua, born 1774; Anna, 
1776; Taylor, 1778; Joshua, 1780, a noble 
pioneer settler in Ohio; Mary, 1783; Lois, 
1785; John, June 12, 1788, and Hannah, 1789. 

(VII) John, better known as "Honest 
John," son of Joseph and Jemima (Puring- 
ton) Small, was born in Bowdoin. Maine, 
June 12, 1788. and married Nancy Gillespie, 
December 18, 1814. Their children: Joseph 
Small, born November 29, 1815, died i8is; 
James Small, born August Q. 1817. died June 

6. 1818; Nathaniel Small, born July 2, 1819. 
died May 3, 1892; Ruth Small, born March 

7, 1822. died July 21. 1847: Martha J. 
Small, born April' 5. 1824: :Vlary Small, 
born February 6. 1827; Nancy Ann Small, 
born Julv 6, 1829. died j\larch 12, 1901 ; John 
Small", born March 9. 1832. died in Novem- 
ber, -1833; John Small (2d), born August 12, 
1835, died" March, 1843; James W. Small, 
born October 12. 1837; Joseph G. Small, born 
August II, 1840, died in 1906. 

(VIII) Nathaniel, second son and third 
child of John and Nancy (Gillespie) Small, 
was born in Bowdoin, Maine, July 2, 1819, 
and died May 3. 1892, esteemed and respected. 
He received a common school education in his 
native town, and learned the trade of ship 
carpenter. He was a public-spirited citizen, 
especially interested in education, and served 



STATE OF MAINE. 



87 



for several years as supervisor of schools. He 
was active in pronioliiig progress, and was one 
of the most powerful men in the vicinity of 
Bowcloin, performing several wonderful feats 
and exliibiting a wonderful degree of strength. 
lie married Elizabeth, daughter of John and 
Caroline (Good won) Sn)all. She was born 
t )ctober 9, 1827. and died h'ebruary 14, 1890. 
Children : 1. Emily, born October 4, 1849, died 
JMarch 18, 1850. 2. JNlargery A., born De- 
cember 27, 1850, married George Preston, died 
April 15, 1899. 3. Albert P., born February 
26, 1S54; married Mary E. Snell; children: 
i. Ella M. Small, born July 13, 1877; ii. Hat- 
tie T. Small, born August 4, 1879; iii. Flora 
B. Small, born October 27, 1880. A. P. 
Small became a mill man and dealer in lum- 
ber at a young age, and has always been a 
successful business man. 4. Clarence O., a 
shoemaker by trade, was born .August 20, 
1855: married (first) Contentment Card, by 
whom he had six chililren : Willie F. Small, 
born January 11, 1879, died November 5, 
1900, Clara E. Small, born January 22, 1881, 
died September 19, 1882, Fannie E. Small, 
born July 3, 1884, Eugene C. Small, born No- 
vember 15, 1886, Charles H. Small, born Octo- 
ber 4, 1888, Nellie Small, born May 10, died 
May 19, 1890. 5. Clara E., born September 
25, 1859: married Clarence A. Carver; chil- 
dren : Henry E. Carver, born October 9, 1882, 
John S. Carver, born February 17, 1887. 6. 
John, born December 8, 1862 ; married Laura 
Snell; children: Harry C, born February 14, 
1893, Ethel W., born September 21, 1894, 
John Raymond, born June 20, 1896, Milton 
H., born October 30, 1899. John Small is 
the owner of the old homestead where he 
lives, and is the proud possessor of one of 
the largest farms in the town of Bowdoin. 
Maine. 7. Nathaniel C, born January i, 1866; 
see forw-ard. 8. Robert M., born August 26, 
1868; married Caroline Mildram; children: 
Ruth M., born April 25, 1899, Robert Clement, 
born April 29, 1904. R. M. Small is one of 
the leading physicians in Auburn, Maine. 9. 
Alfred E., born August 6, 1872, died Februarv 
16, 1890. 

(IX) Nathaniel C, fourth son and seventh 
child of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Small) 
Small, w-as born January i, 1866, in Bowdoin, 
Maine, where he grew up and received such 
education as the public schools of his native 
town afforded, supiilemented by a course in 
the Bowdoin high school, from which he grad- 
uated. He also graduated from the Portland 
Business College. He was an apt scholar, was 
well qualified for a bookkeeper, and entered 



into business life in that cajjacity in the em- 
ploy of Gay Woodman & Company. He was 
subsequently employed by Dingley Foss Com- 
pany, manufacturers of shoes in .\uburn, 
Maine. This engagement continued until 1894, 
when he entered into partnership with .\she & 
Noyes in the manufacturing of shoes. The 
concern was incorjxirated in 1899 as Ashe 
Noyes & Small Company, Mr. Small having 
been treasurer since 1900. He is recognized 
as an able and industrious business man, and 
is contributing his share to the prosperity of 
his home town. He is also interested in sev- 
eral other prosperous corporations. He was 
elected to the board of water commissioners 
of the city of Auburn, xMaine, March, 1903, 
and is a member of Eureka Lodge, No. 45, 
Knights of Pythias. 

Mr. Small married, July 11, 1900, Kathar- 
ine, daughter of Samuel P. and Ellen Haskell 
Merrill. They are the parents of a daughter 
and a ^on : Ellen E., born April 4, 1903, and 
Theodore M., born September 16, 1905. 



Several families of this name set- 
HYDE tied in Massachusetts in the first 

half of the seventeenth century. 
The one which claims as emigrant ancestors. 
Deacon Samuel Hyde and his brother, Jona- 
than Flyde, of Cambridge, has combined in 
an unusual manner family afifection and pub- 
lic spirit. In a single group of eight children, 
four daughters married their cousins of the 
same surname. Until comparatively recent 
times, the inhabitants of Newton were using 
for school grounds and playgrounds land 
given for that purpose by members of this 
family. 

(1) Jonathan Hyde was born in London, 
England, in 1626, and joined his elder brother 
Samuel at Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1647. 
They bought of Judge Thomas Danforth, later 
president-of the district of Maine, forty acres 
of land in what is now Newton and subse- 
quently secured two hundred additional acres. 
This land was held in common until i66i. 
Five years before, Jonathan obtained eighty 
acres of the tract recovered by Cambridge 
from Dedham and increased his holdings in 
this locality to some three hundred and fifty 
acres. He bought and sold many lots in what 
was then known as Cambridge Village, and in 
some deeds he is entitled Sergeant Hyde. He 
was admitted to the Cambridge Church in 
1661, became a freeman of the colony in 1663. 
served as selectman of Newton in 1691 and 
possiblv in other years. Previous to his death, 
which 'occurred October 5, 1711, he settled 



88 



STATE OF MAINE. 



his own estate by deeds of gift to eleven of 
his children, thus conveying four hundred 
acres and several dwelling houses. His deed 
to his son Samuel makes the condition that 
the property should never be sold, or, if neces- 
sity forced a sale, it should be transferred to 
some one of his descendants. An interesting 
document, still extant, is the prenuptial agree- 
ment made with his second wife, and witnessed 
by the sister of John Eliot, the Apostle to 
the Indians, which provides for the disposal 
of property in case of the death of either. By 
his two marriages he had twenty-one children, 
of whom five died in infancy. His first wife 
was Mary, daughter of William Frencr., of 
Billerica, who died May 27, 1672, aged thirty- 
nine years. Her children were : Samuel, 
Joshua, Jonathan, John, Abraham, Elizabeth, 
William, Eleazer, Daniel, Ichabod and Joseph. 
His second wife was Mary, daughter of Jonn 
Rediat, of Marlboro, who died September 5, 
1708. Children: Sarah, Isaac, Jacob, Lydia 
and Ann. 

(II) Daniel, son of Jonathan and Mary 
(French) Hyde, was baptized in 1665, lived 
in Newton, where he married in 1696 his 
cousin, Sarah, daughter of Job and Elizabeth 
(Fuller) Hyde. She was born Augu-t 2, 
1675, and survived him, dying in 1754. He 
died in 1736. Children: Sarah, who died in 
infancy; Daniel, Sarah, Amos, Job, Enos, Na- 
than, Abraham, Ezra. 

(III) Job, son of Daniel and Sarah (Hyde) 
Hvde, was born May 6, 1707, at Newton, 
where he lived and married, in 1736, Prudence, 
daughter of Lieutenant William and Deliver- 
ance Hyde. His wife's father was a promi- 
nent man in the community and served in the 
expedition against Port Royal. She survived 
her husband, dying in 1795, aged eighty years. 
He died in 1768. They had twelve children, 
two of whom died in infancy; those that sur- 
vived were : Prudence, Hulda, Esther,-Martha, 
Daniel, Ezra, Job, Ichabotl, Ebenezer and L\- 
dia. 

(IV) Job (2), son of Job (i) and Pru- 
dence (Hyde) Hyde, was born February 20, 
1752, at Newton, Massachusetts. He served 
for a short time in 1778 as a private in Cap- 
tain Edward Fuller's company. Colonel 
Thatcher's regiment. In 1798 he removed to 
Winchendon, Massachusetts, where he died 
April 5, 1824. He married, in December, 1779, 
Elizabeth, daughter of George and Abigail 
(M^Tick) Ward, who was born August 24, 
1759, and died August 23, 1804. Their chil- 
dren were : Abigail, Elizabeth, Job, George 
Ward, Reuben, Lucretia and Joel. 



(\') Job (3), son of Job (2) and Eliza- 
beth (Ward) Hyde, was born November 21, 
1786, at Newton, Massachusetts. The most 
of his long life, however, was spent at 
Winchendon, Massachusetts, where he died 
November 29, 1869. His wife, Elizabeth 
(Tolman) Hyde, whom he married Novem- 
ber 12, 1817, was the granddaughter of Aquilla 
and Waitstill (Leadbetter) Tolman, of Dor- 
chester, Massachusetts, and the daughter of 
Deacon Desire and Sarah (Howe) Tolman, 
of Winchendon, Massachusetts. She died Jan- 
uarv 3, 1866. Their children were: Sarah 
Tolman, Joel and Eliza Ann. 

(\T) Joel, son of Job (3) and Elizabeth 
(Tolman) Hyde, was born October 10, 1819, 
at Winchendon, Massachusetts. Here he was 
engaged in the manufacture of wooden imple- 
ments as a sub-contractor. He married (first) 
October 9, 1849, Eliza, daughter of John and 
Lucretia (Towne) DeWitt, of South Hadley, 
Massachusetts, who was born December 2, 
1828, died November 15, 1858. Married (sec- 
ond) December 28, 1861, Catherine W. Dole, 
who survived him. He died March 3, 1866. 
His only children were Edward Francis, who 
died in infancy, and William DeWitt Hyde. 

(VII) William DeWitt, son of Joel and 
Eliza (DeWitt) Hyde, was born September 
23, 1858, at Winchendon, Massachusetts. He 
was prepared for college at Phillips Exeter 
Academy, graduated at Harvard in 1879, 
studied at Union Theological Seminary, New 
York City, and completed the course at An- 
dover Theological Seminary in 1882. After 
a year of postgraduate study of philosophy at 
Andover and Harvard, he was for two years 
pastor of the Congregational church at Pater- 
son, New Jersey. In June, 1885, he was 
chosen president of Bowdoin College, a posi- 
tion he has since occupied despite repeated 
invitations to larger institutions. Under his 
administration the students, the faculty and 
the endowment of the college have increased 
twofold, while his papers and addresses on 
educational subjects have won him a foremost 
place among the college presidents of the coun- 
try. A series of successful books in the de- 
partment of ethics and religion has not only 
established his reputation as a clear thinker 
and forceful writer, but extended his influence 
across the water. His "Practical Ethics" ap- 
peared in 1892, "Outlines of Social Theology" 
in 1895 ; "Practical Idealism" in 1897 ; "God's 
Education of Man" in 1899; "Jesus' Way" in 
1902; "From Epicurus to Christ" in 1904; 
"The College Man and the College Woman" 
in 1906; and "Abba, Father" and "Self-Meas- 



STATI': ()!• MAIXF. 



89 



urciuciu"' ill lyOS. CI llicse, "Jesus' Way' 
has been translated into French, and several 
others have passed through repeated editions. 
As a preacher and public speaker he is widely 
sought and has given generously of his time 
and strength to the furtherance of many good 
causes. He was the organizer and for many 
years the president of the Maine inter-denomi- 
national commission, and a leader of religious 
thought in his ilenomination. He received the 
degree of D. U. from JJowdoin and from Har- 
vard in 1S8O, and of LL. U. from Syracuse 
University in 1897. President Hyde married, 
in 1883, at W'ashingtonville, New York, Pru- 
dence }.[., daughter of Alpha and Prudence 
Morris (Hibbard) Phillips. Beside two chil- 
dren that died in infancy, they have one son. 
George Palmer Hyde, born April 9, 1S87, 
who graduated at Bowdoin in 1908, and is 
a student at Harvard Law School. 



Associated with Gorges and 
COTTON Mason in the Laconia Com- 
pany, under whose auspices the 
first permanent settlements at Strawberry 
Bank and vicinity were made, were two Lon- 
don merchants, William aiul John Cotton, sons 
of Sir Allen Cotton, lord mayor of London 
in 1625 and 1626. These men did not join 
the company who emigrated to New England, 
and William died before 1634 when the part- 
nership interests of the two brothers were sold 
to Mason. The similarity of name would sug- 
gest that William Cotton, the immigrant, who 
appeared on Strawberry Bank, and on the 
last day of March, 1650, bought of Anthony 
Brockett his dwelling house and farm, was of 
this family. Another reasonable supposition 
is that \Mlliam. the immigrant, was connected 
with the family of Sampson Cotton, of Lon- 
don, whose daughter Elizabeth was the wife of 
Edmund Sheafe, whose descendants are nu- 
merous in Portsmouth. Leaving the English 
ancestors to be hereafter determined, we take 
up William, the immigrant, as we find him a 
property holder in Strawberry Bank, which 
was the early name of Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire. 

(I) William Cotton, the immigrant, after 
purchasing a dwelling house and farm situ- 
ated at Strawberry Bank next to the house of 
Walter Abbott, by the water side, March 31, 
1650, married Elizabeth, daughter of William 
and Honor Ham. The Hams came probably 
from Devonshire, England, to the coast of 
Maine and thence in 1636 to the Isle of Shoals 
and soon after to Strawberry Bank. William 
Cotton died in 1678. leaving six children to 



sliare his pniperly, his third son, Solomon, 
having died before his property was divided 
by probate order December 29, 1678. His 
widow survived him, but the date of her death 
is unknown. Children, bomi in Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, as follows: i. John (q. v.). 
2. William, a tanner in Portsmouth, a mem- 
ber of the ])rovincial assembly and a man of 
wealth and iiitJuence. By his wife, Abigail, he 
had eight children : William, John, Eliza- 
beth, Joseph, .\bigail, Thomas, ,Mary and 
Sarah. 3. Solomon, a grantee with his brother 
William in a deed by William Ham, May 16, 
1671. He probably died before his father. 
4. Sarah, married Edward Beale, mariner of 
New Castle, and had four children : John, 
Sarah, Elizabeth and Martha Beale. 5. Thom- 
as. 6. Joseph, a minor in 1678. 7. Benja- 
min, a minor in 1678, a house carpenter in 
Portsmouth, who by his wife Elizabeth had 
four children : Sarah, Mary, Elizabeth and 
Deborah. He died in 1724 and his estate was 
administered by his four sons-in-law. 

(H) John, eldest child of William and 
Elizabeth (Ham) Cotton, was born probably 
in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, about 1650. 
He was a farmer and his wife was Sarah, only 
child of William Hearle, or Earle, of Ports- 
mouth. William Hearle, or Earle, in his will, 
dated May 17, 1689, left his property to his 
son-in-law, John Cotton, and "his wifif my 
daughter Sarah," to go after their death to 
their oldest son, William Cotton. John Cot- 
ton, as the eldest son, received a double share 
in the distribution by probate order of his 
father's estate. He died in 1712, and his 
will, dated September 14, was proved Decem- 
ber 9 of that year. His widow's death is not 
recorded. The children of John and Sarah 
(Hearle or Earle) Cotton were twelve in 
number and all born in Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire, as follows: i. William, a gun- 
smith, married, in Boston, November 6, 1699, 
Anne, daughter of Ralph and Susanna Car- 
ter and had one child, Sarah. 2. Solomon, 
a shipwright, lived in Kittery, Maine, and 
then in Portsmouth; married (first) Margaret 
Fernald, of Kittery, and (second) Judith Cutt, 
of Portsmouth : had seven children : Jane, 
Elizabeth, John, Sarah, Joseph, Benjamin and 
Solomon. 3. John, a butcher in Portsmouth, 
married, May 6, 1714, Elizabeth Davis and 
had five children: John, about 1715; William, 
Elizabeth, Timothy and Mary; he died in 1723, 
and his widow, Elizabeth, probably married, 
August 16, 1725, John Gilder, of Kitterv. 4. 
Thomas (q. v.). 5. Elizabeth, married George 
Thompson before August 8, 1707. 6. Mary, 



90 



STATE OF MAINE. 



married Moses Paul. 7. Joanna, married John 
Jones and removed to "Scarborough, Maine. 
8. Sarah, may have married Henry Nicholson, 
of Williamsburg, Virginia, in 1716; if not, he 
married her widowed mother. 9. Hannah, 
married, December 21, 1708, John Mead, of 
Stratham. 10. Abigail, died unmarried in 
Stratham in 1722. 11. Margaret, married, 
January 30, 1714-15, Moses Caverly, of Ports- 
mouth and had five children. 12. Susanna, 
married. May 27, 1722, William Young. 

(HI) Thomas, fourth son and child of John 
and Sarah (Hearle or Earle) Cotton, was 
born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, where 
he was a joiner and carpenter and carried on 
the same business after he removed to 
Gloucester, Massachusetts, upon his marriage, 
July 28, 1718, to Comfort, daughter of John 
and Ruth (Wheeler) Riggs^ of Gloucester. 
His wife was born May 3, 1698. After 1722 
he made his home in Greenland, New Hamp- 
shire, and he made his will there January 2. 
1768, and it was proved September 17, 1770, 
but the date of his death has not been pre- 
served. Of their thirteen children the first 
three were born in Gloucester, Massachusetts, 
the next eight at Greenland, New Hampshire, 
and the last two at Rye, New Hampshire. 
These children named in the order of their 
births were: i. Comfort, 1719, married, Au- 
gust 25, 1738, William, son of Samuel Wal- 
lis, of Rye, and had three children : Samuel, 
William and Spencer Wallis ; she died before 
1768. 2. Sarah, 1721, married, June 25, 1741, 
Thomas, son of Thomas and Mary Seavy, of 
Portsmouth. 3. Ruth, 1722, married a Mr. 
Ayres. 4. Elizabeth, 1724, married John 
Sherburne. 5. Thomas (q. v.). 6. Mary, 
1728, married Richard Terleton. 7. Abigail, 
1730, died before 1768. 8. John, 1732, died 
in infancy. 9. John, 1733, died before 1768. 
10. Martha, 1735, died before 1768. 11. Will- 
iam, 1736, was a farmer in Brunswick, Maine; 
married (first) November 5, 1761, Lucy Pen- 
nell, (second) June 6, 1786, Joanna Ferrin, 
(third) Mary Sweetser; by first wife he had 
ten children, by second six and by third three. 
12. Adam, 1738, was a mariner in early life; 
married Judith Plaskill, of Gloucester. Mas- 
sachusetts ; settled in New Gloucester, Maine, 
about 1763; he died in Hebron, Maine, about 
1830; he had nine children born in New 
Gloucester, Maine, the first, Jacob, being the 
only son. 13. Nathaniel, 1740, was a farmer 
in Portsmouth; married (first) September i, 
1762, Elizabeth Berry, and (second) October 
27, 1770, Hannah (Elkins) Beck, who sur- 
vived him and married as her third husband 



Daniel jMoulton, of Scarborough, Maine ; he 
had seven children, all by first wife. 

(I\^) Thomas (2), first son and fifth child 
of Thomas (i) and Comfort (Riggs) Cotton, 
was born in Greenland, New Hampshire, and 
died in North Hampton, New Hampshire, 
September 24, 1803. He was known as 
"Thomas 3rd," was a farmer in Rye, then in 
Portsmouth, and after 1767 at North Hamp- 
ton, where he purchased the farm subsequently 
owned by George D. Cotton. He married, 
October 27, 1747, Sarah, daughter of Noah 
and Abigail (Partridge) Broughtcn, of Ports- 
mouth, who was baptized November 18, 1722, 
died at North Hampton and was buried Sep- 
tember 2, 1810. The eight children of Thom- 
as and Sarah (Broughton) Cotton were all 
born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, except 
Abigail, born in Rye. Their names and the 
order of their births v.-ere as follows: i. Abi- 
gail, August 26, 1748, married, December 6, 
1770, Josiah Batchelder, of North Hampton, 
and had nine children. 2. John (q. v.). 3. 
Comfort, October 15, 1752. 4. Thomas, May 
6, 1754, was a farmer in North Hampton, 
was a revolutionary soldier in Captain Par- 
son's company. Colonel Gilman's regiment ; 
married Abigail Lamprey and had four chil- 
dren ; he died in North Hampton, New Hamp- 
shire, December 31, 1801. 5. Noah (or 
Mark), December 15, 1755, died young. 6. 
Nathaniel. January 10, 1757. 7. Sarah, May 
I, 1759, married Stephen Batchelder, of Deer- 
field, had five children, and died in Welling- 
ton, Maine. 8. Mary, known as "Molly," 
April 16, 1762, married John Batchelder, No- 
vember 30, 1780, and had twelve children. 
She died April 3, 1807. 

(V) John, eldest son and second child of 
Thomas (2) and Sarah (Broughton) Cotton, 
was born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Oc- 
tober 28, 1750, died at Gilford, New Hamp- 
shire, August 14, 1820. He was brought up 
on his father's farm in Portsmouth and re- 
moved with him to the new farm in North 
Hampton in 1767. He was a soldier in the 
American revolution in 1778. He married, in 
1773, Abigail, daughter of John and Abigail 
(Drake) Taylor, of Hampton. She was born 
April 15, 1775, became the mother of eight 
children, and died May i, 1790. He married 
(second) August 9, 1790, Hannah, daughter 
of Simon and Sarah (Robie) Lane, of Hamp- 
ton, born March i, 1768; had by this marriage 
ten children. Children of John and Abigail 
(Taylor) Cotton were: i. Edward Chapman 
(q. v.). 2. Thomas, born and died 1776. 3, 
John, June 10, 1778, married, July 23, 1805, 



STATI' ( )1'" MAI XI':. 



91 



Sarah I'liilhrick, of Saiihoniton, New Ilanip- 
shirc; was a fanner in Meredith, New Hamp- 
shire; had eleven children: John, David Thil- 
lirick, Abigail, Sally, Mary, Nathan, Hannah, 
Isaac, Knth, Mary' Fernald and Nancy. 4. 
Ahisail, .'\ugust 7. 1780, died May 8, 1802. 5. 
Sally, April' 12. 1783, died October 30, 1803. 
6. Polly, .Vngust 10, 1785, married, February 
y, 1812, Jonathan James, of Gilmanton, and 
had three children. 7. Elizabeth (known as 
Iletsey), I'^ebruary 21, 1788, married, Novem- 
ber 17, 181 1, Henry Hoit, of Gilford; lived 
in Plymouth, New Hampshire, where eight 
children were born to them. 8. Hannah, April 
i). 1790, died February 8, 1814. Children of 
John and Hannah (Lane) Cotton were born in 
Gilford, New Hampshire, as follows : 9. Ruth, 
May 1, 1791, died the same day. 10. Simon, 
lune 1. 1792, was brought up on his father's 
farm in Gilford, wdiich he inherited; married, 
December 13, 1813, his cousin, Susanna Lane, 
of Hampton, and liad ten children. 11. Com- 
fort, February 8, 1794, married Daniel Avery 
and died childless. 12. Samuel, November 28. 
1795, was an apothecary's clerk in Dover, New 
Hampshire ; was twice married and had three 
children by first and two by second marriage. 
13. Nathaniel, November 28, 1795, was a car- 
penter and lived in Gilford, Ellsworth, Rumney 
and Nashua, New Hampshire, and New Bed- 
ford, Massachusetts; married twice and had 
seven children. 14. Jeremiah, November 21, 
1797, lived in Meredith and Rumney, New 
Flampshire ; married Lavinia Peace and had 
six children. 15. Nancy, December 2, 1800, 
married and died October 10, 1852. 16. Cyn- 
thia, August 17, 1802. 17. Morris, August 
22, 1805, a farmer in Gilford, New Hamp- 
shire, married Hannah Libby Bartlett, of Cen- 
tre Harbor, and had two children. 18. Oliver, 
October 11. 181 1, master mechanic in Berlin 
and Portsmouth navy yards; postmaster of 
Northend, .\'cw Hampshire; married, -April 7, 
1836. Sarah Furber, of Northend, and had 
six children. 

(VI) Edward Chapman, eldest child of 
John and Abigail (Taylor) Cotton, was born 
in Northampton, New Hampshire, December 
19- 1773- He was brought up on his father's 
farm and was by occupation a miller. He was 
married in 1805 to Jane (Jellison) Robinson, 
a widow, and he lived in Saco, Maine, where 
he carried on an extensive flouring mill and 
where he remained during his lifetime. Chil- 
dren, born in Saco, Maine, were : John, Mary 
Batchelder, .Abigail Taylor, Edward, Benja- 
min Robinson (q. v.), Thomas Cutts, Sarah 
Hannah. 



(\'II) ilcnjamin Robmson, third son and 
fifth child of Edward Chapman and Jane 
(Jellison) ( Robinson j Cottfin, was born in 
Saco, Maine, about 18 12-13. He was a master- 
mechanic and iron worker in mill machinery, 
and was living in Woodstock, Connecticut, at 
the time of his marriage to Abby Jane Pike, 
of Saco, Maine. He subsequently removed 
to Clinton, Massachusetts, and thence to Lew- 
istown, Maine, where he died March, 1867, and 
his wife died March, 1873. Their son, John 
Bradbury (q. v.), was born in Woodstock, 
Connecticut. 

(Vni) John Bradbury, son of Benjamin 
Robinson and Abby J. (Pike) Cotton, was 
born in Woodstock, Connecticut, August 3, 
1841, died January 5, 1909. He received his 
name as a compliment to his father's friend, 
John C(5tton Bradbury, who was cashier of 
the York Bank in Saco for many years. He 
attended school in Clinton, Massachusetts, and 
Lewiston, Alainc, preparing for college at the 
Lewiston Falls Academy, Auburn, Maine, and 
was enabled to take his college course through 
the kindness and liberality of his father's 
friend, John Cotton Bradbury, who always 
manifested a special interest in his namesake, 
prophesying for him a brilliant career and 
whose own life was a succession of good 
deeds. While at college he studied law in the 
office of Fessenden & Frye, of Lewiston, both 
Thomas A. D. Fessenden and William P. 
Frye being his instructors. He was gradu- 
ated at Bowdoin, A. B., 1865, A. M., 1868, 
and on leaving college went into the law office 
of Fessenden & Frye as clerk, and the next 
June was admitted to the Maine bar in 1867 
and to the bar of the United States supreme 
court in 1899. On the death of Mr. Fessen- 
den in 1868, he was made junior partner in 
the newdy formed firm of Frye & Cotton, and 
later, when Mr. White was admitted as jun- 
ior partner, the firm became Frye, Cotton & 
White. In June, 1889, the firm was dissolved, 
and Mr. Cotton accepted the position of assist- 
ant attorney-general of the L'nited States by 
appointment of President Harrison, made in 
May, 1889, and his position gave him charge 
of the interests of the United States govern- 
ment in the court of claims at Washington. 
While practicing law^ in Lewiston, he was at- 
torney for most of the manufacturing cor- 
porations of that city and vicinity and of the 
Maine Central Railroad Company. He retired 
from the attorney-general's office in June, 
1893. to engage in the general practice of 
law in Washington, District of Columbia. His 
long residence in the National capital made 



92 



STATE OF MAINE. 



him a familiar personage in government circles 
and at the Cosmos Club, of which he was 
early made a member, and at the University 
Club, where he met many of his fellows of the 
Kappa Chapter of the Psi Upsilon Fraternity 
of Bowdoin College, and he was also a mem- 
ber of the Maine Society of Washington. In 
the Masonic fraternity he became a Knight 
Templar and a Scottish Rite Mason. While a 
citizen of Lewiston, he served one term on the 
board of the common council of the city and 
as a member of the Lewiston school board. 
He was a member and attendant, with his 
family, of the Congregational church. Mr. 
Cotton married, December 5, 1866, Amanda 
Gorham, born March 10, 1842, daughter of 
Mark Lowell, of Lewiston, Maine, and their 
only child, Ethel Bradbury, was born at Lew- 
iston, Maine, March 24, 1877, and married, 
October, 1899, F. Willard Carlisle, a banker of 
New York City. Their daughter, Marjorie 
Cotton Carlisle, was born in Washington, 
March 5, 1904, being of the tenth generation 
from William Cotton, the immigrant, Ports 
mouth. New Hampshire, 1650. Mr. and Mrs. 
John Bradbury Cotton have their home at 
1355 Euclid street, N. W., Washington, D. C. 

The head of all the Win- 
WINCHESTER chesters in America is 
claimed by good genealo- 
-gists to have been John, who came to Hing- 
ham, Massachusetts, in 1635, then nineteen 
years old, in the ship "Elizabeth," from Lon- 
don, William Stagg, master. John had one 
and one-half acres granted to him in 1665, 
and twelve acres in the same year. In 1637 
the freeman's oath was administered to him, 
and he removed to Muddy River (now Brook- 
line, Massachusetts) in 1650. His children 
were : John, Josiah and Mary. He died in 
1694, his will being dated in 1691. 

(I) Josiah, son of John Winchester, was 
born in Brookline, Massachusetts, and had 
David and nine other children. 

(V) Daniel Winchester, born in Fayette, 
Kennebec county, Maine, March, 1768, was 
probablv a great-grandscn of Josiah. He 
married Martha, daughter of John and Lucy 
(Wood) Pritchard, and had Benjamin P. He 
was drowned in the Androscoggin, in 1795. 

(VI) Rev. Benjamin P., third son of Daniel 
and Martha (Pritchard) Winchester, was born 
in Fayette, Maine, January 17, 1793. He was 
three years old when his father was drowned, 
and was adopted by Captain Benjamin Palmer. 
He received a rudimentary education in the 
country schools, and came to Corinna in 1816. 



Mr. Winchester joined the Free Baptist 
Church, and was settled over the Baptist church 
in Corinna, remaining in that connection for 
thirty-seven years, a remarkably long pastor- 
ate. In addition to his ministerial duties, he 
taught school, and followed that fundamental 
industry, farming. Elder Winchester was an 
ardent patriot, and sent two of his sons to the 
South in the troublesome times of the sixties. 
He was an active temperance worker, and 
engaged in all good causes tending to the re- 
formation and betterment of mankind. He 
was a Whig, and because of the cloth was not 
averse to participating in public affairs, and 
considered it the duty of every citizen to bear 
his part of the burdens of local government. 
He served as selectman for eight years, town 
clerk fourteen years, also as town treasurer, 
and was a faithful public servant. He mar- 
ried Eliza Knowles, born in Fayette, Maine, 
in 1794. Children: Harriet, Mary Ann, Mar- 
tha, John, Benjamin, Sarah, Oren and Betsy. 
This good man, kind neighbor, true patriot, 
and capable official, servant of the Lord, who 
wrought in various ways and succeeded in 
them all, was called to his reward above, No- 
vember 26, 1865, just as the war in which he 
had taken so much interest had terminated. 
Mrs. Winchester lived to mourn his loss four 
years, succumbing to mortal illness in 1869. 

(VII) John, eldest son of Rev. Benjamin 
P. and Eliza (Knowles) Winchester, was born 
in Corinna, JMaine, January 25, 1822, and died 
September 27, 1891. The country school af- 
forded him his early training, and he took up 
farming as a livelihood. He was a Republican 
in politics, a member of the Grange, of the 
Baptist church, and of the Independent Order 
of Good Templars. He married Elizabeth M. 
Stewart, of Corinna, May 14, 1844, and their 
children were : Mary, married Gilman W. 
Hilliker, of New York; Charles; Olive M., 
married George F. Thurston, of Corinna ; John 
Howard. Mr. W^inchester enlisted in the 
Fourth jNIaine Battery in the civil war, and 
then contracted disease for which he drew a 
liberal pension. 

(Vni) John Howard, third son of John 
and Elizabeth (Stewart) Winchester, was 
born in Corinna, April 14, 1845. The schools 
of his native town, Corinna Union Academy 
and the Maine Central Institute of Pittsfield, 
was the academical route he followed. He 
taught school for a time, afterward engaged 
in the meat business, and subsequently became 
station agent and telegraph operator at Cor- 
inna. Since 1898 he has been librarian of 
Corinna Library, president of the Maine State 



STATIC OF MAIM':. 



93 



Library Association, and is at present president 
of the Eastern Maine Library Club. He is 
well posted on library matters, and interested 
in books and good literature. Mr. Winchester 
votes with the Republicans, and is one of the 
local leaders in his town, and has been a mem- 
ber of the school board. He is noble grand 
of Stone Eagle Lodge, No. 139, Independent 
Order of Otid Fellows, and has been a mem- 
ber of Twilight Grange for thirty years. Mr. 
Winchester is one of the bright, stirring men 
of Corinna and has the elements that go to 
the making of a substantial citizen. 

Mr. W'inchester married Sadie B., daugh- 
ter of Daniel B. and Phehe A. (Brown) Dole, 
of Exeter. .Maine, in 1886. Their children; 
Sidney Hodge, born July 17, 1887, a grad- 
uate of Corinna Lmion Academy, now a stu- 
dent at the Cniversity of Maine; Jeanette, 
born April 15, 1888, a graduate of Corinna 
L'nion Academy, and now a student at Colby 
College. 

Elizabeth M. (Stewart) Winchester, wife 
of the late John Winchester, and mother of 
John Howard Winchester, of Corinna, Maine, 
is supposed to be a descendant of that family 
of Stewards that consisted of the brothers who 
came over from Scotland at an early date. 
The proof of this is lacking, but this branch 
of the Stewards, or Stewarts, trace to Dun- 
can Steward, of Ipswich, Massachusetts, who 
settled there in 1658. He joined the church 
in Rowley, September 26, 1723; his wife Anne 
joined September 17, 1721. Both Duncan and 
Anne Steward lived to be nearly one hundred 
years old ; they made their home in Newbury, 
Massachusetts, where Duncan was a ship- 
builder; in 1680 they were living in Rowley. 
They had nine children; i. Katherine, born 
in Ipswich, June 8, 1658. 2. Martha, April 
4, 1639. 3. Charles, November 5, 1661. 4. 
Elizabeth, November 2, 1662. 5. James, Oc- 
tober 8, 1664. 6. John, March, 1666. 7. 
Henry, May i, 1669. 8. Samuel, settled in 
Wells, Maine. 9. Ebenezer, 1676. All but 
the eldest child was born in Newbury. Some 
of tlie branches of the family spell their name 
Stewart, others Stuart, but it is positively 
known that Duncan spelled his Steward. 

(II) James, son of Duncan and Anne Stew- 
ard, was born in Newbury, Massachusetts, 
October 8, 1664. died September i, 1750. He 
was a carpenter, and acquired quite a property. 
He resided at different times in Newbury, 
Bradford, Boxford and Rowley. Massachu- 
setts. He joined the church in Rowley, De- 
cember 12, i6g8. His second wife joined Oc- 
tober 13, 1695. He was twice married, both 



wives being named Elizabeth. He was the 
father of eleven children; 1. James, born July 
19, 1688. 2. Charles, January 16, 1690. 3. 
Edward, September 20, 1693. 4. Abigail, No- 
vember 26, 1695. 5. Solomon, July 24, 1696. 
All of the above were born in Rowley, of the 
first marriage. The following were of the 
second marriage, and all were born in Rowley, 
with the exception of the youngest, who was 
born in I'.oxford; 6. Benjamin, March 3, 
1700. 7. David, January 9, 1702. 8. Hannah, 
1703. 9. Elizabeth, 1706. 10. Mehilable. 11. 
Moses, July 9, 1712. 

(III) Solomon, son of James and Elizabeth 
(first wife) Steward, was born in Rowley, 
Massachusetts, July 24, 1696, died in Lunen- 
burg, Massachusetts, about 1758. He resided 
for a time in Bradford, where he kept a store 
and where he and his wife joined the church, 
December 31, 1727. Later they moved to Sa- 
lem precinct (now Peabody, Massachusetts), 
and in 1738 to Lunenburg, where Solomon 
died. Solomon Steward married (intentions 
published in Andover, June 10, 1727) Martha, 
born 1702, in .-Indover, Massachusetts, daugh- 
ter of Edward and Martha (Brown) Har- 
rington. Children: i. Benjamin, born in Box- 
ford, January 26, 1 729. 2. Solomon, Boxford, 
January 14, 1730. 3. Phineas, Boxford, 
March 24, 1732. 4. Daniel, Salem, Novem- 
ber 24, 1734. 5. William, Salem, March, 
1737. 6. Mary, Lunenburg, Septeinber 7, 
1740. 7. Jacob, Lunenburg, April 22, 1743. 

(IV) William, son of Solomon and i\Iar- 
tha (Harrington) Steward, was born in Sa- 
lem, Massachusetts, March, 1737. He re- 
moved to Bloomfield, Maine, with his two 
brothers, Solomon and Phineas, about 1776. 
Later he lived in Canaan, where he was known 
as Deacon William. He married Abigail Ire- 
land, July 25, 1758. Children; 1. Abigail, 
born in Lunenburg, May 19, 1762. 2. Will- 
iam, Fitchburg, January 27, 1765. 3. Susan- 
na, Fitchburg, October 19, 1766. 4. Jonathan, 
Fitchburg, July 13, 1769. 5. James, Fitch- 
burg, December 25, 1773. 

(V) Jonathan, son of William and Abign' 
(Ireland) Steward, was born in Fitchburg, 
Alassacliusetts, July 13, 1769, died in Bloom- 
field, Maine, July 31, 1848. He was a farmer 
of Bloomfield. and a Baptist minister. He 
married (first) Hannah Jewett ; children: 
Esther and Hannah. He married (second) 
Mrs. Lucy Bates ; children : David, James, 
Lucy, Naomi. Stephen, Ruth. All the "above- 
named children were born in Bloomfield, 
Maine. 

(\T) David, son of Jonathan and Lucy 



94 



STATE OF MAINE. 



(Bates) Stewart, was born in Bloomfield, 
Maine. He was fairly well educated, and in 
addition to farming was a Baptist minister, 
possessing more than ordinary ability as a 
preacher. He was a man of broad mind, and 
was chosen to serve his town for several years 
as school committeeman and also as selectman. 
He was an earnest temperance worker and al- 
ways first in every movement along that line. 
He organized debating clubs for men and boys, 
and in fact was always interested and fore- 
most in any movement tending to improve the 
morals and enlarge the minds of young 
people. He and his wife were school teachers 
in their younger days, and were always deepi\- 
interested in the education of the youth of 
their vicinity. Although a man of moderate 
means, he gave his children a liberal educa- 
tion. He married, December 19, 1822, Eliza 
Merrick of Pittsfield, Maine. They settled in 
Corinna, Maine, where their children were 
born. Eliza (Merrick) Stewart died in Cor- 
inna, March 29, 1873. David Stewart mar- 
ried a second time. He died in Corinna, April 

6, 1884. Children of David and Eliza (IMer- 
rick) Stewart: i. David Dinsmore, born Oc- 
tober 22, 1823 ; studied law, and is considered 
one of the ablest lawyers in the state; he 
married .\riminta 2\Ierrick, and resides in St. 
Albans. 2. Elizabeth Merrick, born January 

7, 1825, married, i\iay 14, 1844, John Win- 
chester (see Winchester VH). 3. Levi Mer- 
rick, born December 10, 1827, mentioned be- 
low. 4. Charles Miller, born April 24, 1829, 
was educated in the academy at Corinna and at 
Corinth, and was prepared to enter college, 
but having an opportunity to go to Australia 
with some friends at a good salary, he ac- 
cepted ; the climate, however, was too un- 
healthy for his constitution and he died after 
a four months' residence. He possessed more 
than ordinary natural ability and every pros- 
pect was bright for his future. He and his 
descendants have used the Stewart form of the 
family name. 

( Vn) Levi Merrick, son of David and Eliza 
(Merrick) Stewart, was born in Corinna, 
Maine, December 10, 1827. He was graduated 
from Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, and 
later from Harvard Law School. In 1856, 
through the influence of a former resident of 
Corinna, Dr. Jacob Elliot, of Minneapolis, 
Minnesota, he was persuaded to go to that 
city. There he engaged in the practice of law 
very successfully. In connection with his law 
business he engaged in land speculation, i)ur- 
chasing large tracts, which with the rapi I 
growth of that wonderful city soon became 



very valuable. In 1895 he began the erection 
of a town hall and public library building 
in Corinna, which was completed at a cost of 
seventy-two thousand dollars, and was pre- 
sented to the town in memory of the first set- 
tlers there, among whom were his own par- 
ents. The building was dedicated and pre- 
sented to the town September i, i8g8, and is 
known as the Stewart Library Building. The 
site is an ideal one, on an eminence in the 
center of the town. The building, which is 
one any city might be proud of, is two stories 
high, of brick and stone, with tower equipped 
with clock and bell to strike the hours. The 
first floor, finished in fine oak, comprises li- 
brary, reading rooms and offices, and the sec- 
ond floor is a hall with seating capacity for 
seven hundred people. The library, also the 
gift of Mr. Stewart, contains 4.800 choice vol- 
umes. He also presented the city of Minne- 
apolis with the lot which their Public Library 
stands on, and gave largely to deserving in- 
stitutions in a very quiet way. Among his in- 
timate friends Mr. Stewart is known as "El- 
der Steward." He has no religious preferences 
and is not a member of anv societies and clubs. 



The surname Cleaves, Cleves, 
CLEAVES Cleve, Cleeves and Clive, vari- 

ouslv spelled, is derived from 
local names. Parishes of this name are found 
in the counties of Gloucester, Somerset and 
Worcester. The Cleve coat-of-arms is : A 
wolf's head erased per pale dancette art sable. 
The family bearing this armorial has its seat in 
Walford, county Salop. Another ancient ar- 
morial of the family is : Argent an escarbuncle 
sable. The following is used by the family 
at Huxley, Chester, who descend from the 
Clives of Syche : Argent on a fesse between 
three wolves' heads erased sable as many mul- 
lets or. Crest : A griffin passant with wings 
endorsed ducally gorged or. The London 
family has the same device. A coat-of-arms 
in general use, perhaps the original of the 
above : Argent on a fesse between three foxes 
heads erased sable, as many mullets or. Crest : 
A fox's head erased sable. 

(I) George Cleeves, the first of the name 
in this country, was born in England about 
1576, and came from Plymouth in Devonshire 
in 1630 and settled first at Spur wink, or Scar- 
borough, Maine. .A.fter two years he moved 
farther eastward and is said to have been the 
first settler at Falmouth, now the city of Port- 
land, drawn thither, it is said, by the mag- 
nificent harbor. He served on the grand jury 
in 1640. He united with Richard Tucker, of 



STATE OF MAINE. 



95 



Saco, both in trade and land speculation, 
"thereby promoting great discord among 
patentees." Cleeves and Tucker took a lease 
of fifteen hundred acres of land, including Hog 
Island in Casco Bay, from Sir Fcrdiuando 
Gorges, the patentee of Maine, January i-, 
1636. They conveyed Hog Island by lease 
to Alexander Rigby, May 23, 1643. George 
Cleeves granted to Edward Rigby a thousand 
acres near Casco Bay. Cleeves sold a lot at 
Black Point, September 30, 1648, to Henry 
Watts: one hundred acres to Nicholas Bart- 
lett, on Falmouth Neck, adjoining land of 
Cleeves and his son-in-law, Michael Brilton : 
to Michael Milton a tract fronting Casco river 
from Mitton's dwelling house to land of Rich- 
ard Tucker, Falmouth Neck, on Back Cove, 
May I, 1658; to Nathaniel Mitton fifty acres 
on Back Cove, May 20, 1658; to John Bush 
four hundred acres at Cape Porpoise, May 14, 
1661 ; to Hope .\llen four hundred acres at 
Falmouth; to Michael Britton a tract at Casco 
Bay, February 24, 1650; to Thomas Kimball, 
Hog Island, in Casco Bay, May 15, 1658; 
grants to various neighbors to establish bounds 
April 12, 1664. Cleeves was admitted a free- 
man in 1658; was deputy to the general court 
in 1663. He died in 1667, probably very old, 
as his wife Joan, who died in 1663, was eighty- 
seven. (See histories of Willis and Folsom, 
Winthrop i.. p. 237, ii., p. 256; Sullivan, 312- 
16.) Cleeves had a daughter Elizabeth, who 

married Michael Mitton, and (second) 

Harvey, and died in 1681, and probably other 
children. The family probably left Maine at 
the time of King Philip's war. 

(II) William Cleaves, ancestor of all of the 
old families of the name in New England, was 
born about 1650. It is not likely that he was 
the son of George, unless we have estimated 
his age too great or the birth of William at 
too late a date. But he owned property in 
York county, Maine, and it seems impossible 
that he could have been unrelated to George 
Cleeves, the first settler. On June 12, 1688, 
William was one of the grantees of a tract 
six miles by four, called Cokshall, adjoining 
Wells and Cape Porpoise, Maine, from Har- 
laakanden Symonds, of Ipswich. This terri- 
tory is now the town of Lyman, Maine. We 
find his son Robert in Arundel (Kennebunk- 
port), where he bought land of James Smith, 
November 11, 1732. But William Cleaves 
made his home in Beverly, Massachusetts, 
where his descendants have lived to the pres- 
ent time. He married (first) Martha Corey, 
and (second) her sister Margaret. They were 
daughters of Giles Corey, who met the most 



cruel death of any of the innocent victims of 
the Rev. Cotton Mather and his fellow per- 
secutors during the witchcraft delusion. Corey 
was a man of excellent character, a watchman 
by occupation, born in England about 1617, 
according to his own deposition June 17, 1672. 

Corey married (first) Margaret , who 

was the mother of his children; (second) 
Mary , 'Svho was bought out of a Lon- 
don ship in Virginia by the father of Caleb 
More, who testified to this and to her good 
character when she was accused in 1678" (of 
witchcraft). She died August 27, 1684. (See 
gravestone at Salem.) Corey was tortured to 
death after being found guilty by the court at 
Salem. Stones were piled upon him until he 
was slowly crushed to death by the weight. 
Even Nero devised no more cruel death for 
his innocent victims. .All the Cleaves family 
are descendants of this martyr. Children of 
Giles and Margaret Corey : Martha, Mar- 
garet ; Deliverance, born August 5, 1658. 
Margaret (Corey) Cleaves married (second) 
May 3, 1716, Jonathan Byles. Children of 
William Cleaves, born at Beverly, by first 
wife: I. John, October 11, 1676; died Sep- 
tember 14, 1753; married (first) June 26, 
1699, Mercy Eaton, daughter of Joseph (sec- 
ond) August 22, 1723, Rebecca Corning; 
(third) August 21, 1725. 2. Elinor, 1678. 3. 
Martha, 1680, baptized with the two older 
children, July 24, 1681. Children of second 
wife: 4. William, born July 23, 1686; mar- 
ried Rebecca Whitridge, daughter of Thomas ; 
sons Joseph and William. 5. Hannah, born 
March 31, 1688. 6. Robert, born July 21, 
1689. 7. Ebenezer, born October 13, 1691 ; 
marrieil January 15, 1713, Sarah Stone, 
daughter of John. 8. [lenjamin, mentioned 
below. 

(Ill) Lieutenant Benjamin, son of William 
Cleaves, was born in Beverly, October 23, 
1693, and died there September 14, 1775. He 
was a prominent citizen, and lieutenant of the 
military company. He married, June 2, 1719, 
at Beverly, Rebecca Conant, born March 29, 
1696, died September 13, 1770, daughter of 
John and Bethia (Mansfield) Conant. Her 
father was born December 15, 1652, at Bev- 
erly, inherited a lot given his father in 1666 
by his grandfather. Governor Roger Conant, 
and followed farming; was a soldier in Cap- 
tain Samuel Appleton's company in King 
Philip's war ; deacon of First Church of Bev- 
erly, August 23. 1691 ; died September 30, 
1724. Lot Conant, father of John Conant, 
was born in 1624, at Nantasket or Cape Ann ; 
resided earlv at Marblehead and was a grantee 



96 



STATE OF MAINE. 



in 1657; selectman in 1662; was given the 
homestead and other land of his father at Bev- 
erly, leased back to his parents for the nominal 
rental of a kernel of corn yearly during their 
lives ; his wife Elizabeth was daughter of Rev. 
William Walton, graduate of Emanuel Col- 
lege in 1621, receiving his A. M. in 1625 and 
having Seaton parish in Devonshire before 
coming to America, settled at Hingham, Wey- 
mouth and Alarblehead, where he was minis- 
ter. Roger Conant, son of Richard and Ag- 
nes, father of Lot Conant, mentioned above, 
was baptized at Budleigh, England, April 9, 
1592, came to Plymouth about 1622, and re- 
moved soon to Nantasket ; was recommended 
by friends in England to the Western Ad- 
venturers as a successor to Mr. Thomas Gard- 
ner at the Cape Ann Colony, and took charge 
there in 1625. On the failure of the colony 
at the end of a year, he with others removed 
to Naumkeag, later called Salem. Conant is 
conceded by many to be the first governor of 
Massachusetts Bay, followed by Winthrop, 
who brought more settlers to Naumkeag, 
which Conant virtually founded. He was ad- 
mitted freeman May 18, 1631 ; was town offi- 
cer, deputy to the general court ; his son I^oger 
was the first child born in Salem. 

Children of Lieutenant Benjamin and Re- 
becca (Conant) Cleaves, born at Beverly: i. 
Bethia, July 25, 1720, baptized November 25, 
1721. 2. Benjamin, January 4, 1721-22, died 
at Beverly, August 16, 1808. 3. Joshua, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1723-34, mentioned below. 4. De- 
borah, born January 10, 1725-26. 5. Rebecca, 
February 29, 1728. 6. Lydia, August 29, 1731. 
7. Joseph, baptized March 24, 1733-34. 8. 
Andrew, born October i, 1735. 

(IV) Captain Joshua, son of Lieutenant 
Benjamin Cleaves, was a farmer in Beverly, a 
prominent citizen. He was a soldier in the 
revolution from the second parish, in Captain 
Caleb Dodge's company, on the Lexington 
alarm. He was drafted by Captain Woodbury, 
notwithstanding the fact that he was fifty- 
three years old, for three months in Colonel 
Henry Herrick's regiment, and asked to be 
excused on the ground that he already had a 
son and apprentice in the army and had con- 
tributed money to the support of the Conti- 
nental army. He was released from service 
by the council August 22, 1777, but later was 
captain in Woodbury's regiment. He married 
(first) February 26, 1746-47, Elizabeth Put- 
nam, who died in 1760. He married (second) 
April 22, 1761, at Beverly, Huldah Perley, of 
Boxford, born February 13, 1731, at Boxfonl, 
daughter of Thomas and Eunice Perley. Her 



brother Enoch, born }»lay 19, 1749, went to 
Maine with his nephew, Benjamin Cleaves, 
mentioned below. (See Perley family.) Chil- 
dren of first wife, born at Beverley: i. Na- 
than, July II, 1748. 2. Nathaniel, September 
20, 1750, soldier in the revolution. 3. Eliza- 
beth, October 30, 1752. 4. Mary, May 21, 
i/SS- 5- Joshua, January 15, 1758. Children 
of second wife : 6. Huldah, born January 28, 
1762. 7. Joshua, August 13, 1763. 8. Benja- 
min, April 13, 1765, died August 20, 1765. 9. 
Eunice, born February 27, 1767. 10. Ginger, 
December 28, 1769. 11. I3enjamin, 1773, men- 
tioned below. 12. Joshua, baptized June 11, 
1775. 13. William, baptized September 27, 
1778. 

(V) Benjamin (2), son of Joshua Cleaves, 
was baptized in Beverly, September 5, 1773, 
died February 17, 1837. I-Ie removed from 
Beverly to Bridgton, Alaine, with his uncle, 
Enoch Perley, where grants of land had been 
made to revolutionary soldiers. He married 
Susanna Woodbury, and raised a family, some 
of all of whom settled near him. Children : 
I. Thomas, born June 13, 1799, mentioned be- 
low. 2. William W., 1801. 3. Benjamin, 1805. 
4. Mary B., November, 1808; married, Octo- 
ber 28, 1830, Enoch Deering; children: Enoch 
and William A. Deering. 5. Nathan, married 
Nancy A. McLellan ; children : Angela M., 
Emily D. and Martha W. 6. George L., mar- 
ried Mary Strout ; child: Annie M. 

Susanna Woodbury, wife of Benjamin (2) 
Cleaves, was descended from the immigrant, 
William Woodbury through the following 
line: 

(2) Nicholas, eldest son of William and 
Elizabeth (Patch) Woodbury, was baptized at 
South Petherington, in 1618, came to America 
with his parents, and died at South Beverly, 
Massachusetts, May 16, 1686. He married, 
about 1652, Anna Paulsgrave, of Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, who died June 10, 1701. Their 
children were : Joanna, Abigail, Nicholas, 
Isaac, Joseph and Andrew (twins), and Ben- 
jamin. 

(3) Andrew, sixth child and fourth son of 
Nicholas and Anna ( Paulsgrave) Woodbury, 
was born November 9, 1665, and died before 
1703. He married Emma Elliot, who married, 
July 3, 1703, for her second husband. Rev. 
Thomas Blowers, second pastor of the church 
at Beverly. The children of Andrew and 
Emma Woodbury were : Joanna, Andrew and 
William. 

(4) Captain Andrew (2), second child and 
elder of the two sons of .Andrew ( i ) and 
Emma (Elliot) Woodbury, was born Novem- 




97^^^^^^:i:^^^^ ^^^^^^-.-^^ 



STATI' (W MAINK. 



97 



bcr 14, ibyi, and died March 7, 1757. Tlic 
house he built is still standing on Dane street, 
Beverly. He married, August 19, 1730, Jo- 
anna Dodge, who was styled "iMadame." She 
died March 23, 1805, aged ninety-two. He 
and four of their children died of vellow fever 
within the space of six months. The children 
of Captain Andrew and Joanna (Uodge) 
Woodburv were: Mary, Rebecca, Rachel, .An- 
drew, Joanna, Hannah, William, Anna and 
Joshua. 

(5) William (2), seventh child and second 
son of Captain Andrew (2) and Joanna 
(Dodge) Woodbury, was born February 19, 
1750. He served in the revolution. He mar- 
ried, I'ebruary 2, 1772, Susanna Boyles, by 
whom he had .Andrew, Susanna, William, 
Larkin and Caleb. 

(6) Susanna, second child and only daugh- 
ter of William and Susanna ( lioyles) Wood- 
bury, was born January 11, 1781, and died 
I'^ebruary 14, 1855, aged seventy-four years. 
She married Benjamin Cleaves, of r.ridgton, 
Maine. (See Cleaves.) 

(VI) Thomas, son of Benjamin (2) 
Cleaves, was born in Bridgton, Maine, June 
13, 1799, died there March 21, 1881, aged 
eighty-one years. He was a citizen wdiose 
character and attainments won the respect and 
confidence of his fellow citizens, and he occu- 
pied many positions of public trust. He was 
a man of great influence, rare sagacity, excel- 
lent judgment and of the strictest integrity. 
He was one of the men who, as a member of 
the historic legislature of 1851, placed upon 
the statute books the world famous "Maine 
Liquor Law." He married, December 27, 
1827, Sophia Bradstreet (see Bradstreet), 
born in Bridgton, November 21, 1804, died 
September 16, 1882, aged seventy-seven years. 
This lovely woman's death was sudden but 
calm, a fitting ending of a long and noble life. 
They were both members of the First Congre- 
gational Church of Bridgton, and intimately 
identified with the progress and history of 
Bridgton. She was the daughter of Daniel 
Bradstreet, of Bridgton. Children: i. Rob- 
ert .A., born July 16, 1832. 2. Nathan, Janu- 
ary 9, 1835. 3. Thomas P.. January 7, 1838. 
4. Henry Bradstreet. 5. Mary Cleaves Mason. 
All are further mentioned hereinafter. 

(VH) Robert Andrews, eldest son of 
Thomas and Sophia (Bradstreet) Cleaves, 
was born in Bridgton, Maine, July 16, 1832. 
He was educated in the common schools of his 
native town, and attended North Bridgton 
Academy. He has always resided in Bridg- 
ton, and was for many years employed in mer- 



cantile pursuits, being one of the prominent 
merchants of the town, and identified with 
Bridgton's growth and prosperity. He mar- 
ried (first) Louisa C, daughter of Royal and 
Harriet Senter; (second) Hattie J., daughter 
of A. M. Nelson, of Bridgton: (third) Abbie 
E., daughter of John Dennett, of Bridgton, 
who died January 9, 1888. Children of Rob- 
ert A. and Abbie E. Cleaves : Carrie Walker 
Cleaves and Royal Senter Cleaves. 

( VH) Judge Nathan, second son of Thomas 
and Sophia (Bradstreet) Cleaves, was born in 
Bridgton, January q. 1835. He died at his 
residence in Portlan I, Maine, on Monday 
morning, September 5, 1892. He fitted for 
college at the Portland Academy, and entered 
Bowdoin College in 1854. graduating in 1858. 
Sekctiiig the law as his profession, he stud- 
ied wilh Hon. Joseph Floward and Hon. Sew- 
ell C. Strout, and was admitted to the bar in 
Cumberland county in 1861. He opened an 
office in Bowdoinham, Maine, and subse- 
quently removed 'to Portland and formed a 
partnership with the late Hon. Joseph How- 
ard, and later formed a law partnership with 
his brother, Hon. Henry B. Cleaves. In 1865- 
he married Caroline, the daughter of Judge 
Howard. Mrs. Cleaves died in 1875. They 
had no children. 

He was many times honored with public 
office, being city solicitor of Portland in i86g; 
representative to the legislature in 1871 and in 
1875: judge of the probate court from 1876 to 
1880; and surveyor of the port of Portland 
for four years. He was connected with many- 
business enterprises and corporations, and a 
director in many of the banking and financial 
institutions of the state. He actively practiced 
law for a period of more than thirty years, and 
obtained prominence in the profession he 
loved. Memorial exercises were held by the 
Cumberland Bar Association before the Su- 
preme Judicial Court, and the following ap- 
propriate resolution was adopted and placed on 
the records of the Court : 

"Resolved, That the members of the Cum- 
berland Bar have heard with a deep sense of 
personal grief and loss the news of the sud- 
den illness and death of their distinguished 
associate member, Hon. Nathan Cleaves, at 
the very summit of his professional career ; 
that his contemporaries at the Bar during their 
lives will cherish the memory of his unvarying 
courtesy, his dignity of professional bearing 
and demeanor, his pure life and character, his 
eminent legal attainments, his fine training and 
capacity in all matters pertaining to his pro- 
fession, his exceptionally good forensic judg- 



98 



STATE OF MAINE. 



ment, tact and skill and the rare and excellent 
traits and qualities of his mind and heart ; 
and, cherishuig this memory of him ourselves, 
we write also this brief memorial of him, that 
they who come after us in the profession, to a 
late posterity, may remember him as one of 
the models and ornaments of his own times." 

(VII) Thomas Perley, third son of Thomas 
and Sophia (Bradstreet) Cleaves, was born in 
Bridgton, January 7, 1838. He was educated 
in the common and high schools of liridgton 
and vicinity, and at (jxford Normal Institute, 
South Paris, Maine. Adopting the law as his 
profession, he entered the office of Hon. Ed- 
ward Fox and Frederick Fox, of Portland, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1859. He 
opened an office in Brownfield, Maine, and 
early took high rank in his profession. He has 
held many positions of public trust. In 1862 
Mr. Cleaves was elected assistant secretary of 
the senate of Maine, and re-elected in 1863-64. 
In 1865 he was elected secretary of that body 
and continued in office by successive elections 
for five years. He was elected senator from 
Oxford county, serving two terms. Recogniz- 
ing his ability and high standing, Hon. Lot M. 
Morrill, senator from Maine, selected him as 
chief clerk of the appropriation committee of 
the United States senate; and Mr. Cleaves and 
his family removed to Washington. Through 
all the successive changes in the senate of the 
United States, he has continued to serve in 
this responsible position for nearly thirty-six 
years, and has been closely associated with 
the late Senator Allison, of Iowa, Senator 
Hale, of Maine, and other distinguished sen- 
ators who have served on this important com- 
mittee. He married Elizabeth A., daughter of 
Russell Lamson, of Bridgton. They have two 
sons : Charles Russell Cleaves and Frederick 
Henry Cleaves. 

(VII) Henry Bradstreet, fourth and young- 
est son of Thomas and Sophia (Bradstreet) 
Cleaves, was born in Bridgton, February 6, 
1840. He attended the public schools, and the 
North Bridgton and Lewiston Falls academies. 
He enlisted from the town of Bridgton as a 
private soldier in the civil war, served in the 
Department of the Gulf under General Banks, 
was with General Sheridan in the Shenandoah 
Valley, and remained in active service under 
General Grant until the surrender of General 
Lee. During his service he was promoted to 
first lieutenant, and at the close of the war 
was offered a commission in the regular army 
by Secretary of War Stanton. He was admit- 
ted to the bar in 1868, practiced in Bath one 
year, then removed to Portland, forming a law 



partnership with his brother, the late Judge 
Nathan Cleaves. He served two terms as a 
member of the legislature of Maine; was 
elected city solicitor of Portland; served as 
attorney-general of Maine for five successive 
years; and was elected governor of Maine in 
1892, and re-elected by nearly forty thousand 
majority in 1894. At the close of his adminis- 
tration as governor, both branches of the legis- 
lature, irrespective of party, accorded to him 
the imusual distinction of passing public reso- 
lutions in recognition of his distinguished ser- 
vices to the state, and commenduig his "'up- 
right, honest and dignified administration," 
further declaring "He retires from i.ie higii 
office he has so ably and faithfully filled, witii 
the confidence, respect and aitection of the 
whole people." L'pon retiring from the office 
of governor he resumed the practice of his 
profession at P^ortland. He was at once re- 
tained as counsel by many of the leading busi- 
ness interests of the state, and tried before the 
courts many important cases, being general 
counsel for the Maine Central Railroad Com- 
pany, the Washington County and the Somer- 
set Railways, associate counsel of the Boston 
& Maine Railroad and attorney for various 
other business and financial interests. The 
most notable case ever tried in the state, and 
one that excited much interest throughout the 
country, was the Chandler will case, in which 
Governor Cleaves appeared as senior counsel 
for the heirs. The American Board of Com- 
missioners for Foreign Missions, under a will 
executed by the testator, claimed the entire 
estate, nearly a million dollars, while it was 
claimed in behalf of the heirs that they were 
entitled to one-half of the estate by a subse- 
quent codicil of the testator, though it was 
executed while he was under guardianship. 
The contention of Governor Cleaves was sus- 
tained by the supreme court of Maine, and the 
validit)' of the codicil upheld. 

Governor Cleaves is intimately con lected 
with many of the great business interests of 
the state, being a director of the IMaine Cen- 
tral Railroad Company, Somerset Railway 
Company, L'nion Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
pany, Portland National Bank, Union Safe De- 
posit & Trust Company, Consolidated Elec- 
tric Light Company, president and director of 
the Portland Publishing Company, Eastern 
Dredging Company and Leadville Water Com- 
pany, and associated with other financial and 
business institutions. 

(VII) Mary Cleaves, youngest child of 
Thomas and Sophia (Bradstreet) Cleaves, was 
born in Bridgton, and enjoyed the superior 





^^^^J;^^^^^^^^ 



STATK OK MAIM';. 



99 



educational advaiuagcs of that town, vshich 
has been noted for its advanced position in the 
cause of education. She was a successful 
teacher in the schools of Bridgton for several 
years ; was a member of the First Congrega- 
tional Church, and always took a deep interest 
and prominent part in the social and religious 
welfare of the community. She resided at 
llriilgton with her parents, until their decease, 
when she removed to Portland. She married 
William \V. iMason, President of the Port- 
land National Bank, son of the late Jeremiah 
M. Mason, of Limerick. Mrs. Mason is a 
person of rare intellectual gifts, nobleness of 
character, of engaging manner and endears 
herself to all. 



The line of Bradstreet 
BRADSTREET sketched below is de- 
scended from one of the 
earliest recorded settlers of this name in New 
England, his landfall being in 1634. An 
earlier immigrant of this name was Simon, 
who came over in the fleet with Winthrop, 
1630, and afterward won distinction as Gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. From 
those two are descended most of the New 
England Bradstreets. 

(I) Humphrey Bradstreet came from Ips- 
wich, England, in the ship "Elizabeth," Wil- 
liam Andrews, master, the last of April, 1634, 
bringing with him his wife Bridget and chil- 
dren as follows : Hannah, aged nine ; John, 
aged three ; Alartha, aged two ; and Mary, aged 
one year. At that time his age is given as 
forty years, and that of his wife as thirty 
years. He settled in Ipswich, Massachusetts, 
where he received a considerable grant of land 
on the north side of Egypt river, his being the 
most northerly grant made by the town of 
Ipswich ; the northerly boundary of this farm 
was the southerly boundary of the town of 
Rowley, settled in 1639, and in 1784 the farm 
for the convenience of its occupants was set 
off from Ipswich to Rowley. From the loca- 
tion of this farm, after the Rowdey settlement, 
the Bradstreets were associated almost wholly 
with Rowley, having their membership in the 
Rowley church, burying their dead in the 
Rowley cemetery, and training with the Row- 
ley military company. In the following lists 
of children, where not otherwise stated, the 
births are from Ipswich records and the bap- 
tism from the Rowley church record. Hum- 
phrey Bradstreet was made a freeman May 6, 
1635, and was a representative for Ipswich to 
the general court in the same year ; he died in 



the summer of 1655. lii^ will, dated July 21, 
1655, proved September 25, 1655, directs, 
among other things, that son Moses is to have 
the home farm after the decease of his mother; 
son John is to have the farm at Muddy river. 
His wife Bridget Bradstreet died in Novem- 
ber, 1665. iler will is dated October 16, 1665. 
The children of Humphrey and Bridget Brad- 
street were : Hannah, John, Martha, Mary, 
Sarah, Rebecca and Moses, the subject of the 
next paragraph. 

(II) Captain Moses, youngest child of 
Humphrey and Bridget Bradstreet, was born 
in 1643. lie was a man of substance and in- 
fluence, and was a captain of the military com- 
pany. His will, dated August 16, 1690, proved 
September 30, 1690, mentions a ship, his home 
farm, lands in liaverhill and other property of 
his. He married, March 11, 1662, Elizabeth, 
daughter of John and Bridget Harris of Row- 
ley. After her death he married (second) 
Sarah, widow of Samuel Prime, of Rowley, 
and daughter of Samuel Platts. The dates 
cannot be found. Samuel Prime died March 
18, 1684. She died before 1697, Moses Brad- 
street's gravestone, the oldest in Rowley bury- 
ing groimd, bears the following inscription : 

HERE LYS WHAT WAS MORTAL 
OF ye WORTHY CAP. MOSES BRAD- 
STREET 
DESEASED AUGUST ye 17, 1690, & IN ye 
47th YEAR OF HIS AGE. 
FRIENDS & RELATIVES 
YOU MIGHT BEHOLD 

A LAMB OF GOD 
FITT FOR THE FOLD 

The children of Moses Bradstreet were : 
John, Moses, Elizabeth, Humphrey, Na- 
thaniel, Hannah, Samuel (died young), 
Bridget, Aaron, Samuel (died young) and 
Jonathan. 

(III) Moses (2), son of Captain Moses 
(i) and Elizabeth (Harris) Bradstreet, was 
born October 17, 1665; and died December 
20, 1757- He succeeded to one-half the an- 
cestral homestead and all the buildings there- 
on, and was a farmer. His will, dated De- 
cember 19, 1737, proved January 9, 1738, pro- 
vides, among other things that his son Na- 
thaniel shall have the homestead. He mar- 
ried (first), July 19, 1686, Hannah, daugh- 
ter of John and Jane (Crosby) Pickard, of 
Rowdey. She was born in Rowley, and died 
January 3, 1737, aged sixty-seven years. He 
married (second), October 20, 1737, Dorothy 
(Sewall) Northend, widow of Ezekiel North- 
end, of Rowley. She died June 17. 1752. The 



lOO 



STATE OF MAINE. 



children of Moses and Hannah (Pickard) 
Bradstreet were: EHzabeth, Hannah, Bridget, 
Moses, John, Nathaniel (died young), Na- 
thaniel and Jane. 

(IV) Lieutenant Nathaniel, seventh child 
and youngest son of Moses (2) and Hannah 
(Pickard) Bradstreet, was baptized Novem- 
ber 18, 1705. and died December 2, 1752. He 
had the farm his father left, and also acquired 
other lands. His will was dated November 
30, 1752, and proved December 25, 1752. It 
provides that wife Hannah shall have "that 
land which was in my uncle John's division ;" 
son Moses to have most of the estate, and so 
on. He married (first) April 19, 1727, Han- 
nah, daughter of Ezekiel and Dorothy (Sew- 
all) Northend, of Rowley. She was born 
January 31, 1703, and died April i.i, 1739. 
He married (second) August 15, 1739, Han- 
nah, daughter of Thomas Hammond, of Ips- 
wich. She was baptized in Rowley, July, 1716, 
and died between October 26, 1787, the date 
of her will, and May 7, 1792, the date when 
it was proved. Lieutenant Bradstreet was the 
father of thirteen children. Those by the first 
wife were: Moses, John (died young), Han- 
nah (died young), Hannah, Nathaniel, 
Ezekiel, Nathaniel (died young), and Jane. 
Those by the second wife were : Nathaniel, 
Elizabeth, John, Mary and Sarah. 

(V) Nathaniel (2), eldest child of Lieuten- 
ant Nathaniel (i) and Hannah (Hammond) 
Bradstreet, was baptized June 20, 1740, and 
died March 28, 1806, aged sixty-six years. His 
home was in Ipswich, just over the Rowley 
line, and was formerly a Hammond place. His 
will was dated January 2, 1804. and probated 
May 7, 1806. He married, December 7, 1762, 
Phebe, daughter of Eliphalet and Ruth (Pick- 
ard) Jewett, of Rowley. She was born in 
Rowley, April 13, 1741, and died December 
18, 1815, aged seventy-four years. Their chil- 
dren were: Elizabeth, David, Daniel, Nathan. 
Phebe, Mary, Nathaniel, Sarah and Hannah. 

(VI) Daniel, third child and second son of 
Nathaniel (2) and Phebe (Jewett) Brad- 
street, was born in Ipswich, and baptized 
March 13, 1768. He removed from Rowley, 
Massachusetts, to Bridgton, Maine, where he 
settled and died October 20, 1816, aged forty- 
nine vears. His wife, Betsey A. Bradstreet, 
died July 2, 1831. 

(VII) Sophia, daughter of Daniel and Bet- 
sey A. Bradstreet, was born in Bridgton, 
Maine, November 21, 1804, died September 16, 
1882, aged seventy-seven years. She married 
Thomas Cleaves, of Bridgton. (See Cleaves 
Family.) 



Allan Perley, the immigrant an- 
PERLEY cestor, was born in 1606, in 

Wales or England, came from 
St. Albans, county Herts, England, in the ship 
"Planter," in 1635, and died in Ipswich, Mas- 
sachusetts, December 28, 1675. The name is 
also spelled Apperley (Ap, son of). He set- 
tled first in Charlestown Village, Massachu- 
setts Bay, in what is now called Button End, 
VVoburn. He removed to Ipswich and later to 
Topsfield, Massachusetts, selling his house and 
land on High street, at Ipswich, to Walter 
Roper, September 3, 1652. He was admitted a 
freeman May 18, 1642. He died December 28, 
1675. His will was made June 23, 1670, and 
November 16, 1671, and proved February 3, 
1675-76, bequeathing to wife Susanna, sons 
John, Samuel, Thomas, Timothy; daughters 
Sarah and Martha ; son Nathaniel deceased. 
He owned land at the time of his death in Es- 
sex, Rowley and Boxford. He married, in 
1635, Susanna Bokesen, who died at Ipswich, 
February 11, 1692. 

(II) Thomas, son of Allan Perley, was born 
at Ipswich in 1641 and died at Boxford Sep- 
tember 24, 1709; married July 8, 1667, Lydia 
Peabody, born 1644, died .\pril 30, 1675, 
daughter of Lieutenant Francis and Mary 
(Foster) Peabody, of Topsfield. Her mother 
was daughter of Reginald Foster. (See Fos- 
ter.) The line has been traced in England. 
Foster and Perley came over in the same ves- 
sel from the same parish. Lydia joined the 
church at Rowley, was admitted by letter at 
Boxford, February 21, 1702-3. Perley set- 
tled in Rowley and bought much land; in 1687 
the largest taxpayer except his brother-in-law, 
John Peabody. His home was on the Isaac 
Hale place. He was admitted freeman May 
23, 1677; deputy to the general court 1689- 
92-93, 1700-02; selectman 1690-94-99, 1701- 
4-9; constable in 1688; juror; moderator in 
1693. 1701-4-6-7-9; quartermaster of Boxford 
military company in 1688; lieutenant 1681. 
His home was in. the town of Boxford, and 
May 9, 1704, he was elected on a committee 
to determine the town line. Children : Thomas, 
Jacob, Lydia, Mary, Hepzibah and Sarah. 

(III) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Perley, was born at East Boxford, Septem- 
ber 27, 1668 (or 1670) ; died November 13, 
1745; married Sarah Osgood, of Andover, 
born November 4, 1675, died at Boxford, Sep- 
tember 23, 1724, daughter of Captain John 
and Mary (Clement) Osgood. Her mother 
was accused of witchcraft and pleaded guilty 
to save her life. He married (second) May 
15, 1727, Elizabeth (Porter) Putnam, of Dan- 



STATE OF MAINE. 



lOI 



vers, wliu dii-d Uctuljir, iJ4(>. wi<l<iw of Jo- 
soph Putnam, and mother of General Israel 
Putnam. Perley was town clerk from 1712 to 
1723; surve3'or 1723; juror; moderator 1726- 
27; selectman 1697-99, 1701-4-7-9-14-20-27 ; 
deputy to the general court 1703-9-18-19; 
schoolmaster in 171 2. lie was ensign of the 
militia company; lieutenant January 17, 1717; 
captain in Colonel John Appleton's regiment. 
His will was dated September 21, 1745, proved 
November 25, following. Children: Lydia, 
Mary, Plepzibah, Moses, Sarah, Thomas. 

(IV) Thomas (3), son of Thomas (2) Per- 
ley, was born at East Boxford, February 22, 
1704-5; died September 28, 1795; married 
September 20, 1731, Eunice Putnam, his step- 
sister, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Por- 
ter) Putnam, and sister of (General Putnam, 
of revolutionary fame. She was born April 
13, 1710, died February 2, 1787, at East Box- 
ford. He inherited the Cleaveland farm in 
1745, and built a house on the homestead. He 
was a leading patriot during and before the 
revolution ; was on the committee of January 
21, 1773, to consider the crisis; in 1776 on the 
committee to pay soldiers, and on the commit- 
tee of safety and correspondence ; later a dele- 
gate to the state convention to frame a con- 
stitution ; moderator of town meetings 1755- 
Sg-61-63-65-68-70-72-73 ; fence viewer; hog- 
reeve; constable; tithingman ; warden; sur- 
veyor; selectman and assessor 1747-54-57-60- 
61-66; town clerk 1752-57; treasurer 1742-51. 
His daughter Pluldah, born February 13, 
1731-32, under her father's will, had a quarter 
of the furniture and other personal estate. 
She married, April 22, 1761, Joshua Cleaves, 
and died at Beverly, September, 1774. (See 
Cleaves.) 



From the original set- 
LITTLEFIELD tlement of York county, 

Maine, up to the present 
time (A. D. 1908), the Littlefield family have 
resided there, and many of the name have 
figured prominently both in public affairs and 
in developing its agricultural and industrial 
interests. A sturdy, energetic people, the pa- 
rent stock was inclined to favor free thought in 
matters pertaining to religion, and were 
staunch supporters of the theological doctrine 
advocated and practiced by Rev. John Wheel- 
right. 

(I) Edmund Littlefield, born in Southamp- 
ton, England, about 1600, married Annis 

. (The records give no family name.) 

He came to this country from Tichfield, Eng- 
lantl, probably at the same time as the Rev. 



Jnlni W'heclriglit, for he was one of his parish- 
ioners at Exeter in 1630, and was one of the 
combination to whom twenty-one acres of land 
was assigned. In 1638 he sent to England for 
his family, and on May 16 of that year his 
wife Annis and si.x children took passage for 
Boston in the "Bevis" of Hampton, Captain 
Townes. The Rev. John Wheelright, owing 
to a religious controversy precipitated by the 
teachings of Anne Hutchinson, left Exeter 
and later went to Wells, Maine, many of his 
parishioners going with him, and among them 
Edmund Littlefield, who in 1641, leaving Ex- 
eter, went to Wells, Maine, where he was one 
of the first settlers. He was supposed to have 
built the first house, a saw mill and grist mill. 
He was deeded a lot of land by -Sir Ferdinand 
Gorges in 1643, ^"<i was a leading spirit in 
organizing the town and promoting its de- 
velopment. He was on the grand jury in 1645, 
and it is said was the richest man in Wells. 
Lie and his sons were millmen and farmers. 
He was of fearless enterprise and sound moral 
principle. On account of this firm, moral 
character, he was appointed by the governor 
of iVlassachusetts agent for the sale of liquors 
in Wells, it being then of the utmost im- 
portance that great discretion should be used 
in the distribution to the Indians. He was 
one of the committee to settle the boundary be- 
tween Wells and Cape Porpoise, and was 
elected by the people for the years 1654, 1655, 
1658, 1660 and 1661 to try small cases. He 
died in December, 1661. Children: Francis, 
born 1619; Anthony, Elizabeth, John, Thomas, 
Mary, Hannah, Francis Jr., born 163 1. 

(II) Francis, eldest son of Edmund Little- 
field, born in i6ig, for some cause for which 
no explanation is given, disappeared from his 
father's home about the age of six. and was 
supposed to have died. Francis Jr. was born 
about six years later, and the parents named 
this child Francis. In the meantime Francis 
the elder had come to Exeter previous to 1639, 
and from Exeter went to Woburn, where he 
married. His wife died December 20, 1646, 
leaving a daughter who died later, this being 
about five years after his father went to Wells. 
Soon after his daughter's death, Francis left 
Woburn and went to Wells also, only to find 
his father and family already located there. 
Francis Littlefield Jr. married Meribah Ward- 
well. Children: Joseph, born about 1652; 
Nathan, Jonathan, Job, David, Mary J., Jo- 
anna, Tabitha, Hannah. 

(III) Joseph, eldest child of Francis Little- 
field, married Jane Cole, daughter of Nicholas 
Cole, but died before July, 1698, when the 



102 



STATE OF MAINE. 



widow married John Heard. Cliildren : Jo- 
seph, Meribah. Priscilla, perhaps other chil- 
dren. Joseph wa;^ half owner of the falls 
at Kennebunki which had been granted by the 
town of Wells and Kennebunk. 

(IV) Joseph (2), eldest child of Joseph ( i ) 
Littlefield, married Abigail Storer, daughter of 
Joseph and Hannah Storer, August 4, 1709. 
Children: Benjamin; probably other children. 

(V) Benjamin, son of Joseph (2) Little- 
field, married Dorcas Black, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Dorcas Black, of York, December 11, 
1753. Child: Samuel Black. Benjamin Lit- 
tlefield was one of the substantial men of the 
town. His parents were familiar with the ex- 
periences of the settlers in the times of the 
Indian wars, and he was taught the necessity 
of courage to meet the events of life and in- 
dustry in its ordinary pursuits. Like others 
born in that day of hardship, he had put few- 
opportunities for education, but he so im- 
proved those he had and acquired so much of 
the rudiments of knowledge that in 1760 he 
was chosen the clerk of the proprietors of the 
township, and held that office forty-three 
years. He spent his life in milling and farm- 
ing. He was the owner of the grist-mill near 
his house and had an interest in the saw-mill 
in which he found employment. He was a 
man of very correct habits. In 1776 and 1777 
he was one of the selectmen of the town. He 
died October 5, 1821, at the age of ninety-one, 
leaving children and grandchildren (one of 
whom was Christopher), who have main- 
tained an honorable standing in society. 

(VI) Samuel Black, son of Benjamin Lit- 
tlefield, married Susannah Hatch, daughter of 
Joshua and Susannah Hatch, December 9, 
1802. He was one of the most prominent 
residents of Wells, and a deacon of the Con- 
gregational church. He was twice married. 
Children, by first wife : one son. Christopher, 
born in Wells, September 15, 1803. By sec- 
ond wife: Trustam, Jonathan G., Samuel B., 
Susan, Sarah, Mary, Jane. 

(VII) Christopher, son of Samuel Black 
Littlefield, born in Wells, Maine, September 
15, 1803; married Sarah Gooch. daughter of 
John and Olive Gooch, October 17. 1826. 
Children : Charles Rollins, born September 
12, 1828; Abigail, Susan H., Sarah G., Annie 
W., John G. Christopher Littlefield was the 
only child of Samuel Black Littlefield by his 
first marriage. His education was begun in the 
public schools, continued under the preceptor- 
ship of a private tutor, and he concluded his 
studies at the Hampton, New Hampshire, 
Academy, where he was prepared for educa- 



tional pursuits. For many years he was en- 
gaged in teaching, and acquired a high repu- 
tation. As town clerk of Wells, in which ca- 
pacity he served for many years, he displayed 
marked ability, as well as a profound interest 
in the public affairs of the community, and as 
representative to the state legislature from 
Wells he evinced a like solicitude for the gen- 
eral welfare of the town. He was cashier of 
the C)cean National Bank at Kennebunk from 
its organization, August i, 18.S4, to December 

1, 1888, when he resigned after thirty-four 
years of continuous service. The original 
deed of land to Edmund Littlefield, signed by 
Sir Ferdinand Gorges, was in the possession 
of Christopher Littlefield up to the time the 
bank building in Kennebunk was destroyed by 
fire, when it was burned. Only that day it 
had been returnei! from the Maine Historical 
Society, where it had been loaned to copy. He 
was strong in his religious belief, was an 
earnest church member, and was deacon of 
both the Wells and Kennebunk Congregational 
church. No man stood higher in uprightness 
in any community, nor was mourned more 
greatly when he died. He died in January, 
1890. 

(\TII) Charles Rollins, eldest child of 
Christopher Littlefield, married, in Amesbury, 
Massachusetts, Sarah D. Foss, daughter of 
Silas M. and Sally Webster Foss, January 17, 
1850. Children: I. Charles Webster, born 
IMarch 13, 1855, at Amesbury, Massachusetts. 

2. Arthur Gooch, born February g, 1859, at 
North Adams, Massachusetts, died March 5, 
1901. Sarah D. Foss-Littlefield died Novem- 
ber II, 1893. Charles Rollins Littlefield mar- 
ried for his second wife Laura M. Went- 
worth, daughter of Jacob and r\Iary A. Went- 
worth, of Kennebunk, October 24, 1895. 
Charles Rollins Littlefield was born in Wells, 
September 12, 1828. His education was 
planned by his father, the preliminary studies 
in the public schools being supplemented by a 
period of instruction under private tuition, and 
further reinforced by a regular course at the 
South Berwick Academy in Maine, from 
which he was graduated. After his graduation 
he went to Amesbury, Massachusetts, where 
he was associated with the Powwow River 
Bank for nine years, when he resigned in or- 
der to accept a position in New York City. 
He served during the civil war as paymaster 
in the army, receiving his first commission 
from Abraham Lincoln, with the rank of 
major, and later brevetted lieutenant-colonel 
by Andrew Johnson, who had then succeeded 
Lincoln as president of the United States. He 



STATl': OI'" .MAIXI': 



103 



resigned in 1866, ami fur scviiuccn years was 
in the Navigation DcparlMicm of the United 
States navy yard at rortsiiioiuli, Xew Hamp- 
shire. In 1888 he was apiiointcd casliier of 
the Ocean National Bank at Kenncbunk, suc- 
ceeding his father in that position, resigning 
January i, 1908, having held the position for 
twenty years. It is interesting to note that 
since the establishment of this bank, some 
fifty-four years ago, it has had but two cash- 
iers, this position having dcscendeil from 
father to son. He is a member of York 
Loilge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; 
Murray Chapter, Royal Arch Masons; the 
Knights Templar ; JMousam Lodge, Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows and encamp- 
ment ; the Loyal Legion of the State of Maine ; 
and of Webster Post, (Jrand Arni\ of the Re- 
public, of Kennebunk. 

(IX) Charles Webster, eldest child of 
Charles Rollins Littleficld, was born at Ames- 
bury, Massachusetts, March 13, 1855. Sep- 
tember 8, 1S76, he was commissioned by 
Ulysses S. Grant, president of the United 
States, assistant paymaster in the navy. After 
three months' instruction on boaril the U. S. S. 
"Wabash" at Boston, he was ordered to the 
Asiatic Station, serving three years on board 
the U. S. S. "Palos." This station embraced 
China, Japan, and the islands of the Western 
Pacific ocean. November 13, 1879, he re- 
turned to the United States. October 8, 1880, 
reported at the Boston navy yard for duty as 
assistant to the inspector, and on June 16, 
1881, was commissioned by Chester A. Arthur, 
president of the United States, as passed as- 
sistant paymaster of the navy. August 29, 
1884, he was directed to proceed to the navy 
yard, Marc Island, California, for duty on 
board the U. S. S. "Adams." These orders 
were, however, revoked, and instead, on Octo- 
ber 13, 1884, reported at the training station, 
Newport, on board the U. S. S. "Saratoga." 
Tins duty consisted in yearly cruising to Eu- 
rope for the summers and to the West Indies 
for the winters. On October 27, 1886, he was 
detached from the "Saratoga"; March 23, 
1887, ordered to proceed to New London, 
Connecticut, for duty at the naval station 
there and on April i, 1889, proceeded to 
League Island, Pennsylvania, for dutv on 
; card the U. S. S. "Yorktown." This' ship 
became one of the "White Squadron," going 
to Lisbon, Portugal, for the coronation of 
King Carlos, cruising in the Mediterranean, 
West Indies and in home stations. September 
II. 1891. two months' leave of absence was 
granted, and on June ig, 1892, he was directed 



to proceed to the navy yard, Washington, 
D. C, for duty on board the U. S. S. "Dale." 
In connection with this duty he had the ac- 
counts of the torjjedo boat "Cushing," and was 
also. September 28, 1892, direcled tcj rejjort to 
the r. .S. h'ish Commissioner for orders, the 
"Cushing" and Fish Commission duty requir- 
ing a great deal of traveling. On December 
25, 1892, he was commissioned by Grover 
Cleveland, presitlent of the United States, pay- 
master of the navy. December 15, 1894, he 
was directed to proceed to Yokohama, Japan, 
for duty on board the U. S. S. "Charleston." 
On his arrival at Yokohama, January 28, 1895, 
he was wired to proceed to Chee Foo, China, 
where the ship was watching the progress of 
the China-Japan war. November, 1895, he 
was on temporary duty on the flagship 
"Olympia," Nagasaki, Japan. April 5, 1896, 
he was directed to jjroceed to Seoul, Korea, 
to assist in acquiring information of the con- 
dition of affairs. The queen had previously 
been assassinated, and the king was under the 
protection of the Russian embassy. While 
there an interesting audience was had with the 
king. July 9, 1896, he was directed to ])ro- 
ceed from ]\Iare Island, Cahfornia, to Kenne- 
bunk. Maine. Reported for duty September 
8, 1896. at Hampton Roads, Virginia, on 
board the U. S. S. "Maine." His cruise of 
three years having expired, on February 2, 
1898, he received in Havana, Cuba, orders to 
proceed to Kennebunk, Maine. The explo- 
sion of the "Maine" occurred one week after 
he left the ship, in wdiich 252 were killed at 
once, and eight died in the hospital later. April 
12, 1898, he was ordered to Norfolk, \''irginia, 
for duty on board the U. S. S. "Franklin," 
where he was wired that his commanding ofifi- 
cer of the "Maine" wished him with him on 
the "St. Paul," and on April 20, 1898, he was 
ordered for duty on board the U. S. S. "St. 
Paul," serving on board during the Spanish- 
American war, and receiving a medal from 
congress for services. September 6, 1898, he 
was ordered from the "St. Paul," the .ship be- 
ing turned back to the American line for pur- 
pose of resuming her Atlantic passenger ser- 
vice. October 15, 1898, he was ordered to the 
navy yard. Boston, for duty on the U. S. S. 
"Wabash:" November 23, 1898, the duty of 
the naval station. New London, in connection 
w-ith Boston; May 2, 1901, to the U. S. S. 
flagship "Kearsarge" as fleet paymaster of the 
North .\tlantic Station ; and on March 29, 
IQ02, was commissioned by Theodore Roose- 
velt, president of the United States, as pay 
inspector L'. S. navy, with the rank of com- 



[04 



STATE OF MAINE. 



mander. April 3, 1902, he was at Fort de 
France, Martinique, on board the U. S. S. 
flagship "Olympia" as paymaster of the fleet. 
June 20, 1902, at New York. He was there 
shifted by the admiral with the admiral and 
his staft''back to the "Kearsarge." During 
this period the ship visited Kiel, Germany, by 
invitation of Emperor William, receiving great 
honors, the Emperor being entertained on 
board ; thence to Portsmouth, England, where 
as guest of King Edward was one of a num- 
ber of officers who attended the state ball at 
Buckingham and other social festivities: the 
Prince of Wales going to Portsmouth for 
luncheon on the ship. September i, 1903. he 
was directed to report in Washington to the 
paymaster general of the navy for the duty of 
the general inspector of the pay corps. This 
incliided visiting the stations of the Atlantic 
coast once in three months, and those of the 
Pacific coast once in six months, involving 
one hundred and fifty thousand miles of travel 
by rail in the three years and four months. 
On December 27. 1903, he was commissioned 
by Theodore ■ Roosevelt, president of the 
United States, as pay director in the navy, 
with the rank of captain. Leave of absence 
was granted December 17, 1906, for three 
months, with permission to leave the United 
States, where he visited Egypt, Italy, France, 
Switzerland and England. At this time his 
name was presented by his friends and he was 
prominently mentioned as a candidate for pay- 
master-general of the navy. Among other en- 
dorsements to the president was one bearing 
the signature of every member of the commit- 
tee on naval aff^airs of the senate. On April 
30, 1907, he reported for duty as purchasing 
pay officer. Navy Pay Office. Boston, where 
at this time (1908) he is still in charge. 



(For first generation see preceding sketch.) 

(II) Captain Tohn, son 
LITTLEFIELD of Edmund Littlefield, 
was born about 1625-30. 
He took the oath of allegiance in 1680 and 
lived in Wells. He had a grant of land with 
his brother-in-law John Wakefield in 1641 
from John Cleaves at the mouth of the 
Mousam River, where he made his home. He 
deeded to Francis Littlefield Sr., his brother, 
half the timber and mill at Ogunquit L^pper 
Falls, December 23, 1669; also land to Josiah 
Littlefield, August 8, 1690. He died at Wells, 
February 9. 1696-97, and his widow- Patience 
administered the estate. He was called '"Sen." 
in 1669 and afterward. Children, born at 
Wells: I. John, eldest son, married Mehit- 



able : died 1690. 2. Josiah, married 

Lydia and Elizabeth . 3. Eliab, 

mentioned below. 4. Son, died before 1701, 
leaving widow Joanna, and daughter Joanna. 

5. Lydia, married Storer. 6. Deborah, 

married Samuel Webber. 7. Mary, married 
Matthew Austin. 8. Charity, married W' iUiam 
Webb. 9. Elizabeth, married Edward Beal. 
10. Mercy, married Luiifkin. 11. Pa- 
tience, married James Webber. 

(Ill) Eliab, son of John Littlefield, was 
born about 1660-70. He settled in ^Manches- 
ter, Massachusetts, probably on account of the 
Indian wars. He inherited much property at 
Wells. He deeded. November 6, 1712, land 
grant of two hundred acres for building a mill 
at the falls and the remains of the mill which 
had been burned to John Cousins. Jonathan 
Hammon, Samuel Wheelwright and John Bul- 
lard were his partners in the mill grant and 
ownership. He sold land at Wells to Zacha- 
riah Goodale. of Wells, June 15, 1715; also 
land formerly owned by John Wells (his 
father) to George. Jacobs, of York, January 
18, 1 71 5- 16: also the land on the northeast 
side of Cape Porpoise known as Barrot's farm 
on Millers creek, December 26, 1715, to 
Thomas Perkins, of Topsfield, Massachusetts ; 
also land formerly owned by Henry Scratts, to 
wdiom it w-as granted March 28, 1699, to Wil- 
liam Saver, of Wells, January 19, 171 5. Ad- 
ministration granted son-in-law Joseph Leach, 
of Manchester, April 16. 171 7, and the estate 
was divided December, 17 18. Children, the 
first five of wdiom were born at Wells: i. 
Eliab, born October 23, 1697, mentioned be- 
low. 2. Patience, August 17, 1699, married 
Joseph Leach. 3. Rachel, January 31. 1700-01, 
"died at Wells, January 3, 1701-02. 4. Deborah, 
April 25, 1702. 5. Rachel. January 19. 1704- 
05. 6. Eliza. 7. Abigail. 8. Sibyl. 9. Lovey. 
The last four shared in the partition of the 
father's estate. 

(IV) Eliab (2), son of Eliab (i) Little- 
field, was born at Wells, October 23, 1697. 
He shared in the division of his father's es- 
tate and probably returned to Wells to live. 
We have reason to believe that he had other 
children besides the following: i. Eliab, liv- 
ing in Wells in 1790, according to the census. 
2. Ebenezer, mentioned below. 

(V) Ebenezer, son of Eliab (2) Littlefield, 
was born about 1730. He was a soldier in the 
revolution from Wells, in Captain Samuel 
Sayer's company. Colonel James Scammon's 
regiment in 1775: also in Captain James Sted- 
man's company in 1776. He was the only 
soldier of the name Ebenezer Littlefield in 



STATE OI-" AiAlNE. 



lo: 



Maine. In 1790, according to the federal 
census, he and his son Hbenex.er were hvinf^ 
in Wells. Ebenezer Sr. had two males over 
sixteen and one nniler that age in his family, 
besides three females. Ebenezer Jr. had a wile 
and one son under sixteen. Hence Ebenezer 
had at least four children, probably more than 
four, besides Ebene/.cr Jr., mentionetl below. 

(\1) Ebenezer (2), son of Ebenezer (i) 
Litilelield, was born about 1760 in Wells. He 

married Sweat and settled in Alfred, 

Maine. Children: i. Horace, born Septem- 
ber 17, 1808, died aged seventy-two years, 
married Mary E. Chase, of Roxbury, Massa- 
chusetts, and had son Charles H. 2. Eiiab, 
born in 1812, mentioned below. 3. Lyman. 4. 
Nathaniel S. 5. Roxana (probably not in or- 
der of birth). 

(\'H) Eliab (3), son of Ebenezer (2) Lit- 
tlefield, was born at Alfred, Maine, 1812, died 
March 21, 1845. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Alfred, Maine. In his youth he 
worked on the farm. After completing his 
education he went to Boston as clerk in a pub- 
lishing house. He engaged in the book pub- 
lishing business on his own account a few 
years later. He was obliged by ill health to re- 
tire from active business in 1841, and he died 
four years later at the early age of thirty- 
three years, at his old home in Alfred, a vic- 
tim of consumption. He was succeeded in 
business by the firm of Philip Simpson & Com- 
pany. In politics he was a Democrat, in re- 
ligion a Methodist. He married, 1834, Susan 
B. Harmon, born in Alfred, 1812, died August 
9, 1855. Children: 1. Frank Harmon, men- 
tioned below. 2. Mary Sabrina, January 8, 
1839, married John Davis, a jeweler of Til- 
ton, New Hampshire. 3. Walter Morton, 
March 27, 1841, married Lucinda S. Tracey, 
of West Buxton, May 9, 1882. 4. Clara 
Susan, April 28, 1843. rnarried November 22, 
1871, S. M. Came, a lawyer of Alfred, IMaine, 
prominent in his profession. 

(VIII) Frank Harmon, son of Eliab (3) 
Littlefield, was born in Roxbury, now Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, September 14, 1836. He 
was educated in the public schools of Alfred, 
Kennebunk. and the Limerick Academy. In 
1857 he embarked in business for himself, es- 
tablishing a general store in Alfred. Isaac 
Brackett was his partner. He retired from 
the firm -in 1839 and entered the firm of Chase, 
Littlefield & Company in the hardware busi- 
ness, Portland, Maine. He remained in this 
business until 1866 when he sold out and re- 
turned to Alfred, and in partnership witli his 
brother, Walter Morton Littlefield, began 



business in a general store under the firm 
name of Littlefield Brothers and has contin- 
ued with much success to the present time. 
The firm owns the large and spacious building 
in which the store is located, and they are well 
and favorably known throughout the county, 
being prominent in business circles and enjoy- 
ing the confidence and respect of all their 
townsmen. Frank H. Littlefield is a member 
of Fraternal Lodge of Free Ma.sons, Alfred. 
He married. November 9, 1865, Laura A. 
Grant, born Augu.st 31, 1838, daughter of 
John L. Grant, of Alfred. They have one son, 
tlarry Grant, mentioned below. 

(IX) Harry Grant, son of Frank Harmon 
Littlefield, was born in Portland, Maine, June 
14, 1865. He was educated in the public and 
high schools of Alfred, graduating from the 
latter. He worked for some time in his fath- 
er's store in Alfred, then for the Whittenton 
Manufacturing Company of Taunton, Massa- 
chusetts, for two years as clerk in the counting 
room. He was then with the Lord Brothers 
Optical Company at Tilton, New Hampshire, 
for four years. He moved from Tilton to 
Alfred and became associated with his father. 
In politics Mr. Littlefield is a Republican and 
has been treasurer of the town of Alfred ; is a 
Congregationalist in religion. He married, 
September, 1904, Myra Merrill, born in Al- 
fred, October, 1864, daughter of Dr. Frank B. 
and Sarah (Wakefield) Merrill, of Alfred. 
Her father was a prominent physician of Al- 
fred. They have no children. 



(For first generation see Edmund Littlefield I.) 

(II) Ensign Francis Jr., 
LITTLEFIELD son of Edmund Little- 
field. was born in Eng- 
land about 1 63 1. He was a carpenter by trade, 
and settled in Wells, where he owned a saw 
mill and grist mill. His will was made in 
1674. His widow i\ierii)ah was living in 1677. 
Children, born in Wells: Josep!\ Nathan, 
Jonathan, Job, David, mentioned below ; Mary, 
Joanna, Tabitha, Hannah. All were minors 
when their father died. 

(III) David, son of Ensign Francis Little- 
field, was born in Wells about 1653, and was 
baptized when an adult in July, 1707. He re- 
sided in Wells, and in 17 13-16 owned a quar- 
ter interest in the falls. He married, Decem- 
ber 24, 1694, . Children: David, men- 
tioned below : Eleanor, Nathan, Mary, Jere- 
miah, Meribah, Tabitha, Ithamar. 

(IV) David (2), eldest child of David (l) 
Littlefield, was bom about 1696, in Wells, 
where he passed his life. 



io6 



. STATE OF MAINE. 



(V) Ithamar, son of David (2), was born 
in Wells, July 20, 1729. He married (inten- 
tions dated April 10, 1745) Margaret Wil- 
liams. He was a prosperous farmer of Ken- 
nebunk, Maine. Among their children was 
Ithamar, mentioned below. 

(\T) Ithamar (2), son of Ithamar (i) Lit- 
tlefield, was born June 14, 1747. He was liv- 
ing in Wells in 1759, when he built his house 
opposite that of John Gilpatrick near the sec- 
ond Mousam lot. He contributed shoes, stock- 
ings and shirts to the Continental army in 
1778. He served on the committee appointed 
in March, 1767, to carry out the vote to move 
the second parish meeting house. In 1784 he 
had one hundred and fifty acres of land, of 
which forty acres were planted to potatoes. 
He married Edna David, of Kennebunk, 
March 29, 1768. 

(VII) Obadiah, son of Ithamar (2) Little- 
field, was born in Wells or Kennebunk, August 
29, 1777. He married, October 28, 1802, Anna 
Chick, born March 4, 1782. Children, born at 
Kennebunk: i. Daniel L., mentioned below. 
2. Alary. 3. Samuel. 4. Joshua C, April 6, 
1810, died April 6, 1887. 5. Anna. 6. James 
D. 7. Jonas C, August 28, 1817. 8. Jerusha, 
May, 1820. 9. Nathaniel. 10. Esther, July 
13, 1826. 

(VIII) Daniel L., son of Obadiah Little- 
field, was born in Kennebunk, May 16, 1803, 
died October 5, 1890. He married Mary 
Hardy Leavitt, born December 27, 1802, died 
January 5, 1871. Daniel L. Littlefield was 
educated in the common schools in Kenne- 
bunk. He worked first on a farm, then learned 
the trade of carpenter and followed this trade 
for some time at Sanford, Maine. In 1849 
he removed from Sanford to Biddeford and 
was in business many years as a carpenter and 
builder in that city. In politics he was a Dem- 
ocrat. He was appointed deputy sheriff while 
in Sanford and was elected to the common 
council of Biddeford. He was an active and 
prominent member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. Children: i. Mary, born May 4, 
1830, died May, 1832. 2. Vi'oletta W., Octo- 
ber 4, 1832, died January 19, 1859. 3- Gilman 
P., mentioned below. 

(IX) Hon. Gilman Porter, son of Daniel 
L. Littlefield, was born in Sanford, Maine, No- 
vember 25, 1838. He was educated there in 
the public schools, and in the grammar school 
at Biddeford. He began to work as a bov in 
the office of the Saco Water Power Company, 
now the Saco & Pettee Machine Shops. Not 
liking office work he went into the machine 
shop to learn the trade, rose step by step to the 



position of overseer. He was made assistant 
superintendent and finally, in 1896, superin- 
tendent of the shops and has filled that respon- 
sible position since, with conspicuous ability 
and success. He has been with this concern 
continuously since 1855. Mr. Littlefield is 
prominent in public life, being especially inter- 
ested in municipal affairs. He was elected to 
the board of aldermen in 1882 and from time 
to time served in that board down to 1902; 
was president of the board in 1882-83. He 
was president of the common council in 1896, 
and was elected mayor for the year igo6 
unanimously; was re-elected March, 1907, and 
has had an extremely successful and com- 
mendable administration. In politics he is a 
Republican of large influence. Mr. Littlefield 
is a member of Dunlap Lodge of Free Ma- 
sons, of which he is a past master; a member 
of York Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; of 
i\Iaine Council, Royal and Select IMasters ; 
Bradford Commandery, Knights Templar, of 
which he is past commander, and of Kora 
Temple, M}stic Shrine, Lewiston, Maine. He 
is also a member of Mavoshan Lodge, Knights 
of Pythias, of Biddeford. He is a member of 
the Second Congregational Church of Bidde- 
ford. He married, August 7, 1861, Sarah 
Emma Berry, born IVIay 5, 1841, daughter of 
Gilbert Berry, of Saco. Children: i. Sarah 
C, born September 19, 1863, graduate of the 
Biddeford high school, assistant postmaster of 
Biddeford. 2. Gilbert B., August 24, 1868, 
attended the public schools of Biddeford and 
graduated at Bowdoin College ; now assistant 
night manager of the Associated Press office, 
Boston ; married Alice Parsons, daughter of 
Tames Parsons, of Biddeford. 



(For ancestry see preceding sketches.) 

(Ill) Josiah, eldest son 
LITTLEFIELD of Lieutenant John and 
Patience Littlefield, was 
born in Wells, Maine. He seems to have been 
a man of prominence and activity in town af- 
fairs, and his was the first name mentioned in 
the foundation of the church at Wells in 1701. 
At the death of his father in 1696, it was de- 
cided that he should take charge of his estate 
during the lifetime of his widow Patience, 
which he did and remained a short time after. 
In 1708, however, he was captured by the In- 
dians and while in captivity the court ordered 
that his estate and children be jjlaced in charge 
of Josiah Winn, who had married Lydia. his 
brother's daughter. The second wife of Jo- 
siah Littlefield, not wishing to be ignored as a 
suitable guardian for his children, made con- 




il JBal'kti-.KY. 




Ct^H^^ 



:cX///ij//i 



n^ Oil 



STATK OI" MAINE. 



107 



tinuous trouble regarding the pro])ert_v and 
controversies continued in consequence until 
the death of Josiah, her husijand, who was 
killed bv the Indians, April 26, 17:3. His 
widow, Elizabeth, was made administratrix of 
his estate. There were eight children surviv- 
ing, three sons and five daughters; the latter 
married as follows : Anna married Jacob Per- 
kins. Esther married Joseph Credetord. Sarah 
married James Clark. Elizabeth married 

Zachariah" Goodale. Lydia married — . 

The sons' names were not given in this ac- 
count. 

(IV) Peter, son of Josiah Littlefield, was 
born in Wells, where he resided. He was one 
of a military company of Frankfort, Maine, 
who petitioned to organize a company of light 
infantry. Like his father, he was a very active 
man. lie married . 

(V) Nathaniel, son of Peter Littlefield, was 
born in Wells, and was shipwrecked in the 
West Indies in 1769. He married in 1750. 

(VI) Richard, son of Nathaniel Littlefield, 
was born in Wells. He married, 1788, Ann 
Stevens. 

(VII) Theodore, .son of Richard and .\nn 
(Stevens) Littlefield, was born in Wells, May 
6, 1782, died in 1863. He married Martha 
Hobbs. Children: Richard, Theodore, Olive 
E., Christopher, Woodbury, Ann, William H., 
Sylvester and Erros Hoag. 

(VIII) William Hobbs, fifth son of Theo- 
dore and Martha (Hobbs) Littlefield, was 
born in Wells, June 14, 1818, died 1899, hav- 
ing survived his wife. He was a Freewill Bap- 
tist minister, and was in politics a Republican. 
For mariy years he was superintendent of 
schools at Vinalhaven, Maine, and was a mem- 
ber of the building committee of Bates Col- 
lege. He married, at Kennebunk, March 20. 
1845. Mary, daughter of Paul and Dorothy 
(Hobbs) Stevens, who was born at Kenne- 
bunk, August 7, 1823. Children: i. Leroy, 
born May 24, 1846. deceased. 2. Martha Ann, 
December 14, 1848. 3. Charles Edgar, June 
21, 185 1. 4. William Trafton, January 12, 
1855. 5. Frank Leslie, July 23, 1857. 6. Hat- 
tie Prescott. November 28, 1859, deceased. 7. 
Arthur Stevens, April 10, 1864. 8. George 
Paul, February 3. 1862. deceased. 9. Mary 
Florence, February 18. 1868, deceased. 

(IX) Arthur Stevens, fifth son of William 
Hobbs and Mary (Stevens) Littlefield, was 
born at Vinalhaven, Knox county, Maine, 
.April 10, 1864. He was educated at the pub- 
lic schools of his native town, Nichols Latin 
School and Bates College, from which institu- 
tion he was graduated in 1887, and from Co- 



lumbia law School, New York City, 1889. He 
was admitted to the bar in December, 1889, 
and at once commenced ])ractice at Rockland, 
Maine, where he has built uj) a large and 
lucrative law business, ranking probably the 
first in the county. His offices in a finely ap- 
pointed suite of rooms are attractive and com- 
modious. In politics Mr. Littlefield is a Re- 
publican, re]iresenting his district in the state 
legislature 1903-1905, and is a member of the 
city council and the school board. He is also 
a director in the Security Trust Company of 
Rockland. Mr. Littlefield is a Mason and 
master of Aurora Lodge, No. 50, F. and A. 
M.: member of King Solomon Temple, No. 
8, Royal Arch Chapter; King Hiram Coun- 
cil, No. 6, Royal and Select Masters; and the 
Clarcmont Commandery of Rockland. He is 
also a member of the Consistory of S. P. and 
R. S. of Portland, and Kora Temple, Mystic 
Shrine, of Lewiston. On March 23, 1907. he 
was elected without a dissenting vote, e.xalted 
ruler of Rockland Lodge, No. 1008, B. P. O. 
E., which fact testified to his popularity and 
fitness for oftice. Mr. Littlefield married, at 
Lewiston, January 29, 1890, Rosa A., daugh- 
ter of F. P. and Rosalba A. Weymouth, who 
was born in Lewiston, January 29, 1864. They 
have no children. 



Mason has been a distinguished 
MASON name in New England from the 

early settlement of the country, 
and no generation since then has been without 
leading citizens of this cognomen. The fam- 
ilv herein treated is one of the ancient fam- 
ilies of York county, Maine, whose early his- 
tory is enveloped in the dim and shadowy town 
and family records of Hollis. where the name 
has existed from the early days of pioneer set- 
tlement. 

(I) Amos Mason was a farmer of Hollis. 
He married there Betsey Plaisted; children: 
Eliza Jane, died at age of twenty-three; Han- 
nah Morse; Sarah G., married Mr. Palmer; 
Jeremiah M., of whom further; Josiah, Lo- 
renzo; Benjamin; Dorcas Jane, died young; 
Catherine, died younc. 

(II) Hon. Jeremiah Miller Mason, son of 
Amos and Betsey (Plaisted) Mason, was horn 
in Hollis, Maine, March 20, 1820. and died in 
Limerick, March 26, 1897. By force of cir- 
cumstances he was denied the privileges of 
education in his youth, and in order to shift 
for himself soon became an apprentice and 
learned the tailor's trade. With characteris- 
tic energy he thoroughly mastered his trade 
and in earlv manhood moved to Limerick and 



io8 



STATE OF :\IAiNL. 



engaged in business, and by close application 
and indomitable courage not only acquired a 
good elementary and business education, but 
became possessed of a wonderfully clear judi- 
cial knowledge which later served him well in 
his active career. He soon won recognition 
throughout the northern tier of towns in York 
county, as a carefully energetic, honorable and 
successful man of business. For many years 
he conducted a general store in the town of 
his adoption, which, by means of his rare busi- 
ness sagacity and spirit of fair dealing, he 
made a center of trade throughout the Ossi- 
pee Valley. He was a pioneer in the manu- 
facture of ready-made clothing when that im- 
portant branch of industry was introduced ; 
and during the civil war he gave employment 
to a large number of skilled operatives, in this 
way advancing the growth and prosperity of 
the" flourishing borough with which he had 
identified his fortunes. In 1879, when the vil- 
lage of Limerick was swept by a great fire, 
Mr. Mason's store was destroyed ; but, not 
one whit dismayed, he at once rebuilt it, on 
the old site, and continued to do business as 
before. This store was conducted by him un- 
til about the year 1888, when he disposed of it 
in order to devote his entire time and atten- 
tion to other interests in which he was ac- 
tively engaged. 

Flaving made for himself an enviable repu- 
tation for business ability, strict integrity, in- 
domitable perseverance, and conservatism in 
the conduct of affairs, Mr. Mason was chosen 
to fill the responsible position of president of 
the Limerick National I'ank, the duties of 
which office he discharged up to the day of his 
death, to the entire satisfaction of the stock- 
holders and the business public, and with 
credit to himself. He also served in the ca- 
pacity of director of the Westbrook Trust 
Company, and as a member of the board of 
directors of the Portland National Bank. In 
addition to these engagements he was inter- 
ested in the real estate business, and purchased 
as investments many tracts of state lands in the 
wooded section of northern Maine, and on 
the islands along the coast. In all enterprises 
which he undertook, Mr. Mason acted up to 
the strict letter of his engagements, expecting 
the same treatment in return from all those 
with whom he had dealings. 

In politics Mr. Mason was originally a 
Whig, but on the break-up of that party in 
1856 he became a Democrat. When the civil 
war began he was classed as a "War Demo- 
crat." but he soon came to entertain the belief 



that the only substantial hope for a restoration 
of the Union lay in the triumph of the Repub- 
lican, or, as it was at that time termed, the 
"L'nion" party. Believing thus, he acted 
promptl}-, as was his wont, and threw in his 
lot with the organization which recognized 
Abraham Lincoln as its leader, and he felt it 
to be his imperative duty to take an active and 
aggressive part in politics. So thoroughly 
were his unselfish motives appreciated by his 
fellow citizens, and so unhesitatingly was his 
fitness for public service recog^iized by them, 
that political preferment came his way without 
solicitation on his part, and indeed sometimes 
against his personal inclinations. It was felt 
by his political associates that his name would 
be a tower of strength on the party ticket, and 
conduce greatly to its success. 

Mr. Mason first served the town of Limer- 
ick as its representative in the state legislature, 
and in the years 1866 and 1867 represented the 
county of York in the same body. So well 
and so faithfully did he serve his town and 
shire that he was selected for a seat in the 
executive council, and held this position for 
four consecutive years — the first term in 1874, 
being during Governor Dingley's administra- 
tion,' and the others in 1875, 1876 and 1877, 
during the three years' incumbency of Govt 
ernor Connor. While he was a member of the 
governor's council Mr. ]\[ason's habit of close 
attention to financial detail rendered him a 
most valuable man at the council board, and in 
the discharge of his duties as auditor of ac- 
counts he saved the great sum of $200,000 to 
the state by his careful scrutiny of every bill 
which was presented for payment. Nor did 
Mr. Mason neglect the town's interests while 
engaged in state affairs ; he was chairman of 
the board of selectmen of Limerick in 1868, 
and again in the years 1876 and 1877. For 
many years he was a trusted political leader 
in the county of York, and was looked up to 
for counsel and advice. The compass of his 
acquaintance was wide, and he numbered 
among his friends and associates many men 
who stood high in political life and financial 
circles. By them his views were eagerly 
sought, and his opinions about all important 
matters pertaining to his section of the country 
had great weight. His advice, so often sought, 
was given with circumspection and with con- 
scientious regard for the welfare of the seek- 
ers, and with a careful consideration of the 
attendant circumstances and the weighty prob- 
. lems involved. By his uprightness, his frank- 
ness, his probity and his loyalty to his friends. 



STATE OF MAINE. 



109 



he clasped his associates lu by hooks of steel ; 
and they held not only in high esteem, but in 
genuine affection as well. 

Mr. Mason married, August 10, 1849, Mar- 
tha Weeks, born in Buxton, February 10, 1824, 
died March 23, 1891, in Limerick, daughter 
of William and Eliza (Burnhani) Woodman, 
of Buxton (see Woodman). .A. friend once 
wrote of her: "She was a woman of whom 
it may be truly said, "Her price is far above 
rubies.' XatuVally of a clear and discrimi- 
nating mind, kindly disposition and refined 
taste, all the surroundings of her early years 
tended to cherish and develop those traits, and 
made her what she was, a true wife and 
mother. Living in circumstances where every 
desire of her heart of a worldly nature could 
be gratified, her sensitive and retiring nature 
shrank from everything that had the appear- 
ance of display, or could attract observation. 
Her home was the center of her cares and af- 
fections, and by her loving ministrations and 
ready tact she made it a true haven of peace 
and rest. Here her husband, laying aside the 
cares and perplexities of a busy life could al- 
ways come, sure of hearty greetings, sympathy 
and cheer ; and her children feel that here was 
one heart that beat only for their comfort and 
highest welfare." 

Children of Mr. and Mrs. Mason: i. Wil- 
liam W., of whom further. 2. Mattie B., who 
resides at the Mason homestead in Limerick, 
was educated in the public schools and Limer- 
ick Academy of her native town. .She is a 
lady of quiet tastes and womanly attainments, 
combining a thorough knowledge of the house- 
hold science with clear business insight, en- 
abling her to serve efficiently as an active di- 
rector of the Limerick National Bank while 
managing her own estate and ' maintaining a 
home of refinement and culture. 3. Frances 
E., married Charles G. Moulton (see Moul- 
ton) ; one child, Olga Frances. 

(HI) William Woodman, only son of Jere- 
miah Miller and Martha Weeks (Woodman) 
RTason, was born in Limerick, August 25, 
1830. He was educated in the common schools, 
at Limerick .-Xcademy, and Eastman's Business 
College, Poughkeepsie, New York. After com- 
pleting his studies he devoted himself to the 
extensive lines of business which his father 
was then managing, becoming his assistant, 
and acquired a thorough knowledge of 
both business and finance. Subsequently 
he accepted the cashiership of the Lim- 
erick National Bank, of which his father was 
president, and served in that capacity for many 
years. In 1889 he became vice-president of the 



Portland National Bank, and in 1907 was ad- 
vanced to the i)residency of that institution. Be- 
ginning at the very boitom round of llie ladder, 
he has advanced steadily upwaru, step by step, 
until he is now occupying a position of promi- 
nence ; and through his entire career he has 
ever been looked upon as a man of integrity 
and honor, never making an engagement that 
he has not fulfilled, and standing as an exam- 
ple of what determination and force, com- 
bined with the highest degree of business 
acumen, can accomplish for a man of natural 
ability and strength of character. Inheriting 
in a marked degree the fine characteristics of 
his father, strict integrity, straightforward 
dealing, generosity and independence, he has 
proven himself most successful in carrying out 
the policies so sagaciously projected by the 
father whose example he emulates and whose 
memory he both cherishes and honors. 

William Woodman Mason is in full sympa- 
thy witli all the great movements of the world 
about him, and watches the progress of events 
with the keenest interest. He is a generous 
friend, and a warm advocate, of all those who 
are battling for the right, and for principles 
and policies for the public good, and he has 
a pleasing personality which has won for him 
a legion of friends. Like his father, he is an 
earnest Republican, and exercises an influ- 
ence in the councils of his party. He has held 
but one official position, that of representative 
in the legislature, to which place he was 
elected in 1885 from the classed towns of 
Limerick and W'aterloo, serving one term most 
efficiently and creditably. He is a charter 
member of Highland Lodge, No. 48, and a 
member of Fraternity Encampment, No. 32, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

Mr. Mason married, in Portland, May, 1891, 
Mary, daughter of Thomas and Sophia (Brad- 
street) Cleaves (see Cleaves family). 



This pioneer family, mem- 
WOODMAN bers of which are traced in 
the following account, has 
the distinction of being descended from the 
first Woodman who landed on New England 
soil and became the progenitor of a line which 
now exists. The family name probably came 
from the occupation of him who first took it. 
(I) Edward Woodman, probabl)' from Cor- 
shan, a village in Wiltshire, England, eleven 
miles from Christian Malford, came with his 
wife Joanna, and together with Archelaus 
Woodman, probably his young brother, set- 
tled in Newbury, Massachusetts, in 1635. 
Archelaus came from England in the ship 



1 10 



STATE OF MAINE. 



"James" ; the name of the ship which brought 
Edward is unknown. Edward Woodman was 
one of the ninety-one grantees who settled 
Newbury, and one of fifteen of tliat tumiber 
who was entitled to be called ""Mr." He is 
supposed to have lived in 1681, and for years 
before, in what was afterward and for a long 
time known as "Woodman's Lane," now 
known as Kent street, and situate in the pres- 
ent town of Newburyport. Jilarch 25, 1681, 
Edward conveyed to his son Jonathan "My 
now dwelling-house, houses and barns and or- 
chard and pasture, and all my plow land lying 
by and adjoining to the said houses, as also all 
the plow lands upon the northwest side of the 
street lying upon the westward side of my 
house, the said street being vulgarly called the 
Newstreet." The consideration for this con- 
veyance was "natural and fatherly love and 
alTection" and "twenty pounds which is yearly 
to be paid during the time of my own and my 
wife's natural life. " Edward Woodman is 
not known to have had any trade. In a deed 
<:lated 1687 he is styled husbaniman. He was 
a man of influence, decision, and energy, and 
opposed with great zeal the attempt made by 
the Rev. Thomas Parker to change the mode 
of church government from Congregationalism 
to something like Presbyterianism. He was 
made a freeman May 25, 1636; was a deputy 
in the general court in 1636-37-39-43 ; in 1638- 
41-45-46 was one of the three commissioners 
to end small causes in Newbury, and at vari- 
rous times held other offices of trust in town 
and state. He was one of the first selectmen 
of Newbury, elected in 1636, and his name 
heads the list as given by Coffin. Among his 
.other commissions he had one from the state 
"to see people marry," of which in 1681 he 
speaks as follows : "An unprofitable commis- 
sion ; I quickly laid aside the worke, wdiich 
has cost me many a bottle of sacke and liquor, 
where friends and acquaintances have been 
concerned." He and his wdfe Joanna were liv- 
ing in February, 1688. She was then seventy- 
four. He died prior to 1694, at an unknown 
age. Their children were : Edward, John, 
Joshua, Mary, Sarah, Jonathan and Ruth. Ed- 
ward and John were born in England. 

(II) Joshua, third son and child of Ed- 
ward and Joanna Woodman, was born in Old 
Newbury, in 1636; "first man child borne in 
Newbury" is the legend his gravestone bears. 
He took the oath of allegiance in 1678, and is 
then called forty-one. It appears that he lived 
in both Andover and Newbury. He owned 
land in Haverhill, where he built a house be- 
tween 1660 and 1668, and probably resided. 



After he was sixty years old (169S), he 
bought twelve acres of land of Benjamin Lowe 
in the tract called the freehold lots, in the up- 
per woods, which was bounded "northerly by 
the highway upon the Merrimack river." By 
his will he devised his land in Haverhill to 
three of his sons ; this included one hundred 
and twenty acres of the two hundred and 
twenty acres which his father Edward bought 
of Stephen Kent, November 21, 1662, and is 
said to constitute a part of the site of the 
present city of Lawrence. His will was made 
March 27, 1703, O. S., and probated July 12, 
of the same year. He died May 30, 1703, 
aged seventy-seven years, doubtless in Byfield 
parish, and was buried in the graveyard ad- 
joining the parish meeting house lot, on the 
line between Newbury and Rowley. His grave 
and that of his son Joshua are still marked 
by the (original) small slate stones set there 
years ago. He married, January 23, 1666, 
Elizabeth Stevens, who died in 1714, daughter 
of Captain John and Elizabeth Stevens, of 
Andover. Children : Elizabeth, Dorothy, 
Joshua, Jonathan, a son (died young) Me- 
hetable, David, Benjamin, Sarah and Mary. 

(Ill) Benjamin, eighth child and fifth son 
of Joshua and Elizabeth (Stevens) Woodman, 
was born probably in Andover, Massachu- 
setts, July 27, 1683. By deed dated December 
6, 1706, he bought, being then of Newbury, 
for twenty-two pounds, of John Dummer, of 
Newbury, seven and one-half acres of land 
lying in Newbury, and there it is believed that 
he settled and raised his family and resided 
until his death. There is tradition to confirm 
the other evidence that this was his home, and 
it is known that he lived in Byfield parish in 
Newbury. He was a tanner, and the place has 
been the site of a tanyard time out of mind. 
He bought, March 26, 1735, a one hundred 
and twenty-third part of the town of Narra- 
gansett, No. i (Buxton). May 31, 1736, he 
bought one-half of an original right ; and Sep- 
tember 29, 1745, he bought the other half of 
that original right ; and the same year he was 
one of the two who agreed to build each a 
house and clear four acres of land in that 
township within four years. These interests 
in the town he conveyed to his son Joshua, 
December 24, 1741, and April 15, 1747. He 
died in 1748. His will was made April 14, 
1748, and probated July 4 follow-ing. He mar- 
ried, March i, 171 1. Elizabeth Longfellow, 
born July 3, 1688, at Newbury Falls, daughter 
of William and Anne (Sewall) Longfellow. 
"William Longfellow, the only One of the name 
who came to America, was born in 165 1, in 



STATI'. Ol'- MA 1X1':. 



1 1 1 



Ilanipshiro, ]iiiL;laiiil. lie was a man of tal- 
ents and education, wrote an eleyant hand, hut 
was not quite so much of a i'uritan as some 
others, lie married Anne, sister of Jud^c 
Samuel Sewall, and daushtef of OKI Henry 
Scwall. William Longfellow was very im- 
provident, and loved a frolic rather too well. 
He was what would be called, at the present 
day, a high buck. He enlisted as ensign in the 
ill-fated expedition to Canada, and was 
drowned at Anticosti in October, 1690, when 
his daughter Elizabeth was a little over two 
years old." Children of Benjamin and Rliza- 
l)eth : Ann, Sarah, Jose])h, IJenjaniin, Joshua, 
David and Jonathan (twins), Nathan and 
Stephen. 

(IV) Captain Joseph, third child and eldest 
son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Longfellow) 
Woodman, was born in Newbury, May 31, 
1715. baptized Jinic 5, 1715, and died in Hol- 
lis, Maine, July 4, 1796, and was buried on his 
own farm in Buxton. He seems to have been 
a settler in Narragansett No. i (Buxton, 
Maine), as early as May 26, 1742, when his 
name is found on a petition by the then eleven 
settlers of the town. On account of the war 
between England and France in 1744, this set- 
tlement then broke up, and all the settlers left. 
There is no record of any settlers in the town 
between this date and 1750. June 10, 1746, 
Joseph Woodman was the grantee in a deed 
wherein he is described as "of Biddiford, la- 
borer." This deed conveyed title to him of one- 
eighth of a double sawmill standing on Jor- 
dan's creek, and on the west side of Saco river, 
and known as the upper mill. February 9, 
1747, Joseph W'oodman and two others, yeo- 
men, were grantees "of one-quarter part of a 
sawmill standing on Saco river in the town of 
Biddeford, and on that part of said river 
known as Cole's spout." "Also one quarter 
part of a sawmill near adjoining to the former 
higher up upon the said river, on a place 
known by the name of Jordan's crick ; also one 
quarter part of eleven acres of land situated in 
Biddeford aforesaid and adjoining unto the 
said two sawmills." These eleven acres of 
land are now covered by the factories and a 
considerable portion of the city of Biddeford. 
Joseph W'oodman returned to Narragansett 
No. I in 1750, and resided at Pleasant Point; 
his farm comprising lots 10 and 11 in range B, 
of the first division, and his house occupying 
the highest part of lot 11. In 1754 the pro- 
prietors" fort or garrison was built on lot 11, 
close by his house. He sold this place in 1757, 
and from that time forward the proprietors' 
records show that he was one of the most 



active and prominent men in the town, and 
the registry of deeds show.s that he was at dif- 
ferent times the owner (jf nuich real estate. 
As early as 1750 he built a sawmill, the first 
of the kind in the town. He was captain of 
the first military com)>any ever mustered in 
Buxton. His daughter .^ally stated, in 1755, 
of her father: "He was a great lumberman in 
those days ; he used to haul lumber to Pleas- 
ant Point and raft it to Saco. He sold his 
place to Cadwallader Gray, moved to the Hol- 
lis side of Salmon Falls, and built the first 
dwelling house there, and lived only three 
years afterwards." HoUis was then the "Plan- 
tation of Little Falls." Joseph Woodman mar- 
ried, in 1737, Betsey Durell, or more probably, 
Betsey Sewall. She died before she was 
twenty-one years old. Joseph W^oodmaij mar- 
ried, according to the town records of Read- 
ing, Massachusetts, November 7, 1739, Cath- 
arine Smith, of Reading, born June 20, 1721, 
daughter of Isaac and ^lary Smith. He mar- 
ried for his second or third wife, widow Cole, 
probably born Tarbox. He married last Reli- 
ance Edgcomb, widow of James Edgcomb, 
born Thompson, a native of Brunswick. His 
children were : Betsey, probably child of Bet- 
sey Sewall : i\Iary, Olive, Joseph, Rebecca, 
James, Susanna, Nathaniel and Sally. Seven 
children were born by the second (third) wife : 
and one of the last wife. 

(V) Captain Joseph (2), fourth child and 
eldest son of Joseph (i) Woodman, was born 
in Biddeford, date of birth unknown, probably 
1749; and died October 15, 1824, in the sev- 
enty-sixth year of his life. Buxton was a 
forest when he was born and during his boy- 
hood. He was for three months the pupil of 
Silas Moody, and this was all the schooling 
he ever had. He settled on lot 3, range A, 
second division, probably immediately after his 
marriage, and there he made his home as long 
as he lived. He built his first house in Au- 
gust, 1775, while the British were cannonading 
Portland, and when he heard the thunder of 
their batteries at Buxton, wished he could 
have the glass they were breaking there to 
glaze the windows of his new house, which 
for want of g'lazing he was obliged to board 
up. The country was then so near its natural 
condition that wolves were plenty, and howded 
about his house at night. In 1802 he built a 
much more pretentious house, with a hip roof, 
which is still standing. He built the first saw- 
mill on the Buxton side of the Saco river, 
and his cousin, Hon. John Woodman, and 
others built the first one on the Hollis side. 
He owned the land where the dam and mill 



112 



STATE OF MAINE. 



stood, and is said to have felled the first tree in 
clearing the ground for his improvementh. He 
built not only the first sawmill, which was 
double, but three single sawmills on the Bux- 
ton side at Bar Mills. Before 1798 he also 
built a grist mill and a fulling mill there. A 
carding mill was put into the fulling mill at 
a later day, and is said to have been the first 
one in Maine. A large portion of the lumber 
in his day went to the West Indies, and re- 
turn cargoes were composed mainly of rum 
and molasses. Then every one drank rum 
not excepting the women and the clergy ; and 
Captain Woodman, being largely engaged in 
lumbering, not only drank it, but bought it by 
the hogshead for the use of his workmen and 
of his friends. He was the founder of the 
Bar Mills on the Buxton side of the river. 
He owned most if not all of the land where the 
mills and most compact part of the village 
now stand, and his farm lay adjacent. He 
never ceased to have a lively interest in all that 
related to Bar Mills, and though an old man 
when the building of the first bridge there 
was undertaken, he was so much interested in 
the project that he waded into the water to 
help move and place the crib which was to 
serve as a foundation for one of the piers of 
the bridge. While thus engaged he bruised 
one of his legs ; inflammation ensued, and death 
was the consequence. He was an energetic, 
wide-awake man, of great natural abilities, 
who knew as much law as any lawyer of his 
day, it was said, and to him all the people 
of the neighborhood went for counsel and ad- 
vice. In politics he was a Jeffersonian Demo- 
crat, and capable of maintaining his side in a 
very spirited debate with his opponents in the 
Federalist party. He joined no church, but 
was the first in town to adopt the faith of 
the Universalists. He had a remarkably fine 
voice, and attended Parson Coffin's church, 
where for many years he sang in the choir. 
He had great muscular strength, was fond of 
wrestling or any rough game which would 
test his strength and prove him master. He is 
said to have been a great joker and fond of 
convivial entertainment. He was a handsome 
man, handsomely dressed in the fashion of the 
time, wearing queue, ruffles, and so forth ; in 
form, noble, erect and commanding, and hav- 
ing manners of the old school, dignified and 
polished. He was captain of the military com- 
pany, and was thereafter always called Cap- 
tain Woodman, a title which his father bore 
before him. A military captaincy in those 
days was an honored position, which he was 
proud to hold. When in command of his com- 



pany he dressed elegantly, wearing short 
clothes with silk stockings, silver knee and 
shoe buckles, ruffled shirt and ruffled wrist- 
bands. He was a Free Mason, and his funeral, 
which was the "largest ever seen in the town 
up to that time, was under the auspices of 
that body. There were about eighty carriages 
in the procession. He was noted for courage 
and perseverance, and carried through what- 
ever he undertook. He was generally liked, 
and was benevolent and good to the poor. He 
married, March, 1773, Abigail Woodsum, 
doubtless born in Biddeford, where she was 
baptized May 28, 1755, and died at the house 
of William Scribner, who married her grand- 
daughter, Abigail Wingate, December 26, 
1838, aged eighty-three years and eight 
months. She was the daughter of Michael 
and Elizabeth (Dyer) Woodsum, of Bidde- 
ford, who were married August 24, 1749. 
Her father's father was probably Joseph 
Woodsum, of Berwick, tailor. Her father 
moved to Narragansett No. i when she was a 
small child, and she was taken there on a 
load of hay. She was a tall, stately woman, 
with black eyes and dark complexion, and per- 
fectly erect, even in her old age. She was of 
grave demeanor, quiet, and not given to gos- 
sip. She performed faithfully and well the 
duties which were incumbent upon her, and 
commanded the respect and esteem of all who 
knew her. It has been written: "Her chil- 
dren were justly proud of her as of their 
father, and I never saw more admiration ex- 
pressed and more reverence manifested by 
children towards their parents than I witnessed 
in grandmother's children towards her. She 
would have commanded respect in any com- 
pany." Children of Joseph and Abigail 
(Woodsum) Woodman, all born in Buxton: 
Edmund, Joseph (died young), Mary, Eliza- 
beth, Joseph, Abigail, William, Submit, Tam- 
son, John, James and Hannah. 

(\'I) William, seventh child of Joseph (2) 
and Abigail (Woodsum) Woodman, was born 
December 17, 1787, and died at Bar Mills, 
January i, 1833. He was a lumberman, and 
resided at Bar Mills. He was considered a 
reliable and honorable man, and was beloved 
for his manly and social qualities. He was 
genial, social, fond of society and amusements, 
of quick and sympathetic feelings, and had 
a merry laugh which made all those who heard 
it laugh also. All regretted his early death. 
He married, July, 1815, Eliza, daughter of 
Aaron Burnham. of Scarborough. She died 
July 30, 1877. They had six children, all born 
in Buxton : Sarah Moody, Abigail Harris, 



STATI-: OF MAIXF.. 



"3 



Mary Jacksnn. Fliza Umnliani, Isabella Tap- 
pan, and Martha Weeks, next nKMiliiincd. 

(VII) Marlha Weeks, youngest child of 
William and Fliza (Biirnham) VVoodman, was 
born in Buxlon, February lo, 1824, and died 
in Limerick, March 23, 1891. She married, 
August 10, 1849. Jeremiah M. Mason, of Lim- 
erick. (See Mason.) 



(For llisl generation see Edward Woodman I.) 

(Ill Edward (2), eldest 
WOODMAN child of Edward (i) and 
J o a n n a Woodman, was 
born about 1628, probably in England, and 
was married December 20, 1653, in Newbury, 
Massachusetts, to Mary Goodrich. Both were 
members of the Newbury church in 1674. He 
subscribed to the oath of fidelity in 1678. His 
will was made December 16, 1693, and proved 
September following, which approximately in- 
dicates the time of his death. His children 
were: Mary, Elizabeth (died young), Ed- 
ward (died young), a child unnamed, Eliza- 
beth, Rebecca. Sarah, Judith, Edward, Arch- 
elaus, a daughter died sixteen days old, and 
Margaret. 

(III) Archelaus, third son and tenth child 
of Edward (2) and Mary (Goodrich) Wood- 
man, was born June 9, 1672, in Newbury, and 
died there March 17, 1766. He was married 
about 1695, to Hannah (surname unknown). 
and their children were : Mary, Edward, 
Archelaus. Hannah, Judith. Joshua, John, 
Elizabeth. Joseph and Benjamin. 

(IV) Joshua, third son of Archelaus and 
Hannah Woodman, was born June 6. 170S, in 
Newbury, and settled about 1736 in Kingston, 
New Hampshire, where he died April 4, 1791. 
He was a man of most pious and sterling 
character and bore up the principles and char- 
ried, in March, 1736. to Eunice Sawyer, born 
January 21, 1714. daughter of John and Sarah 
(Wells) Sawyer, the granddaughter of Sam- 
uel and Mary (Emory) Sawyer, and great- 
granddaughter of Lieutenant William and 
Ruth Sawyer, pioneer settlers of Newbury. 
Of their fifteen children, three died in in- 
fancy. The survivors were : Joshua, Eunice, 
John, Moses, Samuel, Jonathan. David, Jo- 
seph. Hannah. Sarah, Mary and Benjamin. 

(V) Moses, third son of Joshua and Eu- 
nice (Sawyer) Woodman, was born March 
25, 1743, in Kingston, New Hampshire, and 
resided for a short time in Salisbury that state. 
The latter returned to the neighborhood of his 
native place and settled in Hawke (now Dan- 
ville). New Hampshire, where he died in 
1824. He married, in 1777. Hannah (Pierce) 



Eaton, born 1751, died in August, 1850, at 
the age of ninety-nine years. They were the 
parents of: Polly, I'^lizabeth, Benjamin, Moses 
and John. 

(VI) Benjamin, eldest son of Moses and 
Hannah (Pierce) (Eaton) Woodman, was 
born in 1783, probably in Danville, New 
Hampshire, and went to Lovell, Maine, whence 
he removed to Sweden, Maine. His active 
years were devoted to agriculture, and he 
maintained an intelligent interest in all that 
pertained to the public welfare, being an active 
Methodist in religion and a Whig in politics. 
He married Rachel Eaton ; children : Timothy, 
John, Abigail, Hannah, Nathan and Mary. 

(\'II) John, second .son of Benjamin aui] 
Rachel (Eaton) Woodman, was born 1808, in 
Dover, New Hampshire, and removed with his 
parents to Fryeburg, Maine. When seventeen 
years of age he went to Fryeburg, Maine, but 
soon after settled in Sweden, same state, where 
most of his life was passed, engaged in farm- 
ing and lumbering. Lie was an active mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church, in 
which he held various official stations, and 
was a Whig and among the early supporters 
of the Republican party. He was a captain 
of militia and prominent in all public affairs. 
He died about i8go, at the age of eighty-two 
years, at Kent's Hill, Maine. He was mar- 
ried, in Sweden, to Sarah Ann Evans, born 
1810, died 1905. at the age of ninety-four 
years, daughter of Timothy and Mary (Gam- 
mage) Evans, and granddaughter of Joshua 
and Rebecca Gammage. Joshua Gammage 
came from Scotland and fought at Bunker 
Hill, his weapon being a pitchfork. At the 
age of seventeen he enlisted under General 
W^ashington and served through the war. At 
the age of ninety years he went from Frye- 
burg. Maine, to attend a soldiers' reunion in 
Boston, and died soon after. John and Sarah 
A. (Evans) Woodman were the parents of 
five children : The eldest, Sarah Worth, be- 
came the wife of Marcus Nash, and both are 
now deceased. Rebecca married Simeon 
Charles, of Fryeburg. John Francis is men- 
tioned at length below. Caroline Evans mar- 
ried Edwin Lord, of Kezar Falls, Maine. 
James Oscar served in civil war: died at 
South Windham, Maine, leaving a son George. 

(VIII) Rev. John Francis, eldest son of 
John and Sarah (Evans) Woodman, was 
born September 12, 1836, in Sweden, and 
grew up there, receiving the educational train- 
ing afforded by the common schools, but is 
largely a self-educated man. having prepared 
himself by private study, after which he took 



114 



STATE OF MAINE. 



a course in preparation for the Methodist min- 
istry. Meantime he worked at blacksmithing. 
He was made a deacon and subsequently be- 
came a member of the Maine Conference, May 
9, 1875. He has served as pastor at Shap- 
leigh, Acton, New Vineyard, New Portland, 
Phillips and Strong. Because of failure of 
his health he was compelled to abandon the 
ministry, and located on a farm in Oxford, 
Maine, where he has since resided and is a 
man of affairs in the community. A Republi- 
can in politics, he has filled various junior 
offices, and is affiliated with the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. He married, March 
28, 1859, at Raymond, Maine, Sarah Small 
Nash, daughter of Daniel S. and Aclisah A. 
(Small) Nash. Daniel S. Nash was a farmer 
resitling in Raymond, and had four children ; 
Marcus, Sarah S., Samuel and Mary. Sarah 
S. (Nash) Woodman died before 1875, and 
Mr. Woodman married (second) January 9, 
1875, Dorothy Melissa Abbott, youngest child 
of Tobias anci Dorothy (Wilson) Abbott. To- 
bias Abbott was a farmer residing in Newfield. 
There were three children of Mr. Woodman's 
tirsl marriage : Daniel Nash, again mentioned 
below ; John, died aged tw^o years ; and Sarah 
Ann, wife of William H. Merchant, residing 
in Yarmouth, Maine. The children of the 
second marriage were : Alice Alay, Frank 
Evans and Ethel Hoyt. 

(IX) Daniel Nash, -eldest son of Rev. John 
F. and Sarah S. (Nash) Woodman, was born 
March 31, 1861, in Sweden, Maine, and there 
passed his boyhood, but attended Kent's Hill 
Seminary for three years and graduated at the 
Eastern Maine Seminary with class of 1899. 
He was subsequently a student for two years 
in the medical department of Bowdoin Col- 
lege, and studied medicine two years at the 
medical school connected with the Maine Gen- 
eral Hospital at Portland. After one year at 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons in 
Baltimore, he was graduated in April, 1893. 
He immediately began the practice of his pro- 
fession at North Yarmouth, where he re- 
mained four years, and has ever since been 
established at Yarmouthville, where he has a 
large and growing practice and is highly es- 
teemed as a man and citizen. Dr. Woodman 
is a member of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, of the Maine Medical Society, and of 
the Academy of Medicine and Science, at Port- 
land. He is affiliated with the Masonic fra- 
ternity, having obtained the Royal Arch de- 
gree, and is also a member of the Improved 
Order of Redmen, and the Knights of the 
Golden Eagle ; and of the Methodist Episco- 



pal church. He was once active in political 
matters, associating with the Republican party, 
but in recent years has given little attention to 
matters of that nature. He married, October 
II, 1890, Hattie Worthley Kendell, born in 
1871, in Bangor, Maine, daughter of Alva 
and Harriett (Worthley) Kendall. Their chil- 
dren are : Lewis A., Edward Francis, Alfred 
King, Ruth Nash, Sarah Melissa, Arthur T., 
Ethel Maud and Alice Cynthia. 



(For early generations see Edward Woodman I.) 

(IV) Joshua (2), third son 
W0C)D:\IAN of Benjamin and Elizabeth 

(Longfellow) Woodman, 
was born in Newbury, Massachusetts, Jan- 
uary 22, 1720. Together with his brothers 
Joseph and Nathan he settled near Pleasant 
Point, in Buxton, Maine, in 1750. On De- 
cember 24, 1741, his father conveyed to him 
one full right of land, being one one-hundred 
and twenty-third part of Narragansett No. i 
(now Buxton), and by subsequent purchase 
he acquired title to si.x and one-half full 
rights, or about one-seventeenth part of the 
entire township. It is said that he also owned 
still other lands than those mentioned. Ac- 
cording to Dennett's map ( 1870) he settled 
and had his home on lot No. 22, range C, first 
division. Under date of Biddeford, August 21, 
1749, the clerk of the proprietors of Narragan- 
sett No. I was requested to call a meeting on 
the application of Robert Brooks, John Brooks, 
Jacob Davis, John Redlon, Thomas Bradbury, 
Joseph Woodman, Joshua Woodman and 
Amos Chase. At that time all of these men 
were doubtless living in Biddeford and Saco, 
all of which territory then was under the name 
of Biddeford. The year 1749 seems to have 
been one of preparation on the part of the 
proprietors of the town, and from the follow- 
ing year (1750) dates the permanent settle- 
ment and continuous history of the town. In 
1742 a temporary settlement was made and 
was continued for two years, when the pion- 
eers were compelled to abandon their lands on 
account of the outbreak of war between Eng- 
land and France, which of course involved 
their American colonies. Joseph Woodman 
was one of that small band of intrepid pion- 
eers who in 1742 made the first attempt to 
found the town which was compelled to be 
abandoned two years later, but his brother 
Joshua is not known to have been one of them. 
Joshua evidently moved from Newbury to 
Biddeford some time during the year 1749, 
at the time when the proprietors were making 
preparations for the second attempt at perma- 



STATE OF MAINE. 



Ii: 



iKiit .scttlcm(.nt 1.1 olil .\arra,t!;ansctt \o. i. 
Tlic iiroprietors' records show that Joshua 
Woodman was one of the loading men in the 
new region, frequently moderator of the town 
meetings and his name appears often among 
the petitioners to the ])roprietors for various 
purposes and also among those who had occa- 
sion to present petitions to the general court 
of the province ; and the records hear testi- 
mony to the fact that he was chosen to serve 
on committees to which were delegated im- 
portant and responsihle duties. In fact his- 
tory establishes that Joseph and Joshua Wood- 
man were recognized as leaders among the 
founders of the town, (hi June 27, 1765, 
probably on account of financial embarrass- 
ments Joshua Woodman conveyed to his 
brother Stephen (then of Falmouth, now 
Portland) "my homestead farm whereon I 
now dwell, containing one hundred acres, 
more or less, the same Ijeing six home lots in 
said townsliip, viz. : In Letter C the home lots 
numbered 21, 23 and 26, and in Letter D 
lots numbered six and seven, together with 
the buildings thereon standing." This appears 
to have been the beginning of a series of finan- 
cial reverses which eventually resulted in the 
loss of a considerable part of his once large 
land holdings in the town. Several judgments 
were obtained against Joshua Woodman at 
the June term of the court in York county in 
1767 and several others at the June term of 
the court in the following year. The causes 
of his misfortunes are not known. He died 
in Buxton about the year 1800, and his wife 
is said to have died six years afterward. Both 
were buried in the graveyard at the Lower 
Corner, and Cyrus Woodman, in his work 
entitled "The Woodmans of Buxton, Maine" 
(1872), says that the stones marking their 
graves are still standing. 

(V) Joshua, son of Joshua Woodman, mar- 
ried June 14, 1787, Sarah Wheeler, of Bux- 
ton, and died January 16 (or 21), 1844. He 
served in the American navy during the revo- 
lutionary \var, was captured by the British, 
and confined in what was called the Mill 
prison in England ; but after a time he man- 
aged to escape by digging under the prison 
wall. He also was in the land service during 
a part of the war, and was with the army 
under General W'ashington throughout the 
eventful winter at Valley Forge, at which place 
it also is said that he was one of W'ashing- 
ton's life guards. Captain Robert Wentwortli, 
of Buxton, is our authority for the statement 
"that with others he dug under the walls of 
the Mill prison in England and escaped to 



France." He remainid in the latter country 
for some time, without money or means of 
any kind by the use of which he was able to 
return to America. However, one of his fel- 
low townsmen, a Captain Harding, who hap- 
pened to be in England about that time and 
heard of his misfortune, went to France and 
provided him with the means to get back home. 
His gravestone says that Joshua W'oodman 
died Jamiary 16, 1844, aged ninety-five years, 
which doubtless is an error, if his brother Ben- 
jamin was older than himself, for their father 
was not married until May 25, 1749. 

(VI) Samuel, son of Joshua and Sarah 
(Wheeler) W'oodman, was born in Buxton, 
Maine. August 28, 1790, and died in Portland, 
Maine, about 1827. He married (fir.st) June 
5, 1815, Paulina Libby, of Corham, Maine, 
and (second) in 1821, Lydia Raymond. 

(VII) Benjamin J., only son of Samuel and 
Paulina (Libb\-) Woodman, was born in 
W^estbrook, Maine, November 20, 1818, and 
died there in 1903. He was a shoemaker by 
trade, and in the earlier part of his business 
life was associated with \\'illiam H. Neal, of 
Westbrook, in the manufacture of shoes. This 
was before the days of modern shoe factories. 
The firm of Neal & W'oodman, as the partner- 
ship was known, manufactured shoes largely 
by hand and distributed the product of the 
shop through the surrounding towns with 
wagons. It was the custom of the "shoe team" 
to call at the merchant's door and supply their 
wants from stock carried in the wagon driven 
bv the salesman. The firm carried on a profit- 
able business for many years and became large 
holders of real estate in the town, but finally 
was compelled to suspend operations during 
the panic and business depression of 1857. At 
that time Mr. Woodman disposed of his in- 
terest in the concern to his partner and re- 
moved to a farm in Westbrook. where he died, 
in his eighty-fifth year. He married, in De- 
cember, 1840, Charlotte Babb, of W^estbrook, 
and both she and her husband were members 
of the W'estbrook Methodist Episcopal Church 
for more than half a century ; children : 
Charles B., Paulina H., Benjamin F., Clara, 
Mary and Charlotte. 

(Vni) Charles Babb. eldest son of Benja- 
min J. and Charlotte (Babb) Woodman, was 
born in W'estbrook, Maine, in 1841, and died 
in that city in August, igoi. He received his 
education in the common schools of his native 
town and in Gorham Academy, and for the 
next ten years after leaving school was em- 
ployed in the steward's department of different 
coast steamboats, three years of that period 



ii6 



STATE OF MAINE. 



being spent on government transports during 
the civil war. He enlisted early in the war, 
but was not able to pass the required physical 
examination. At the close of the war he re- 
turned home, and in company with E. H. 
Sturgis entered general merchandizing, the 
finn name being Sturgis & Woodman. In 1872 
he purchased his partner's interest in the busi- 
ness, and soon afterward gradually sold out 
his grocery stock and confined himself to the 
sale of drugs and medicines. For a number 
of years he was proprietor of the only drug 
store in Westbrook. and he continued in that 
business until the time of his death. Mr. 
Woodman always took an active and com- 
mendable part in public affairs. Before West- 
brook became a city he was for many years a 
member of the Republican town committee and 
its chairman for thirteen years. For several 
years also he was a member of the Republican 
district committee of the state, having been 
selected for that position by the late Thomas 
B. Reed. For five consecutive years he was 
town clerk and treasurer of Westbrook, and in 
1885 and again in 1887 represented Westbrook 
in the lower house of the state legislature. 
After the town became a city he was twice 
elected member of the board of aldermen, 
serving as president of the board during his 
second term of office. He was postmaster of 
Westbrook four years during the administra- 
tion of President Harrison, and in April. 1899, 
was reappointed by Mr. McKinley for another 
term. He died during the second term of his 
incumbency of office, and as an appreciation of 
his faithful performance of duty his youngest 
son, Benjamin J. Woodman, was appointed his 
successor; and the son is now postmaster of 
the city. In 1863 Charles Babb ^^'oodman 
married Clydemena Spears, of Waterville, 
Maine, and by her had six children : Charles 
Harold, now dead ; Alice Louise, now dead ; 
Guy Perley. a business man of Brunswick, 
Maine; George M., a physician of Westbrook; 
Benjamin J., postmaster of Westbrook; Philip 
Everett, now dead. 

(IX) George M., third son of Charles Babb 
and Clydemena (Spears) Woodman, was born 
in Westbrook, Maine, June 20, 1872, and 
acquired his earlier literary education in the 
public schools of that city, graduating from 
the high school in 1890. He then took the 
scientific course at the J^Iaine ^^■esleyan Semi- 
nary, Kent's Hill, and was graduated from 
that institution in 1892. .After spending one 
year as ckrk in his father's drug store and a 
like time as reporter on the stafT of the Port- 
land Evening Express, he determined to enter 



the profession of medicine ; and to that end 
he matriculated at the medical department of 
Bowdoin College, completed the course of that 
institution, and graduated with the degree of 
M. D. in 1897, ciiin laude, and with the honors 
of the valedictory. After graduating he re- 
ceived the appointment of house surgeon to 
the Maine General Hospital and remained 
there one year. He began his professional 
career at South Windham, j\Iaine, remained 
there for five years, and has since practiced in 
his native city of Westbrook. He holds mem- 
bership in the American Medical Association, 
the Maine State Medical Society, the Port- 
land and the Westbrook Medical Clubs. He at 
present holds a commission from the governor 
as contract surgeon of the National Guard of 
the State of Maine. 

He married, February 25, 1904, Wilna Frost 
Newcomb, of Westbrook, daughter of Erwin 
B. and Ellen ( Pennell) Newcomb. Two chil- 
dren have been born of this marriage: Charles 
B., born November 30, 1904, and George AI. 
Jr., born May 6, 1907. 



(For first generation see Robert Jordan I.) 

(II) Jedediah, son of Robert 
JORDAN Jordan, was born in Falmouth, 

Maine, and died in 1735. He 
left the plantation of Spurwink with his father 
at the outbreak of the Indians, and settled 
at Great Island, now New Castle, New Hamp- 
shire. He afterwards removed to Kittery, 
Maine. He made his will March 6, 1729. 
Children, probably born at Kittery; i, Jede- 
diah, born 1684, mentioned below. 2. Abi- 
gail, 1687, married Daniel Robinson. 3. Kez- 
lah, 1690, died unmarried 1737. 4. Mary, 
1693, married John Boulter. 5. Sarah, 1696, 
married James Jackson ; resided at Dover, 
New Hampshire. 6. John, 1698, married, 
1737, Deliverance Reading. 7. Thomas, 1701, 
married, 1736, Anne Simonton. 8. Robert, 
1704, married, 1727, Rachel Huckins. 

(III) Jedediah (2), son of Jedediali (i) 
Jordan, born in 1684, died before 1729. He 
settled on a part of his father's farm at Spur- 
wink. Children: i. Israel, born 1712. 2. 
John, 1715, mentioned below. 3. Samuel, 1718, 
married, 1745, Hannah Jordan. 4. Jeremiah, 
1721, married Keziah Hanscomb. 5. Abigail, 
1724, married Richard Clark. 

(IV) John, son of Jedediah (2) Jordan, 
was born in 1715. He married, in 1738. Isa- 
belle Armstrong. Children: i. James, born 
1740, married Lydia Barnes. 2. Lemuel, 1742, 
married, October 25, 1774, Mary Jordan. 3. 
Samuel, 1744, mentioned below. 4. John. in:ir- 



STATE UF MAINE. 



ricd, March 26, 1782, Lucv Jordan. 5. Thom- 
as, died unmarried. 0. Dorothy, died unmar- 
ried. 7. Mary, married, Fel)ruary 18, 1787, 
Joshua Robinson. 8. Sarah, married, Novem- 
ber 21, 1776, Robert Clark. 

(V) Samuel, son of John Jordan, born at 
Falmouth in 1744, died May 10, 1809. He 
was in the revolution in Captain Abram Ty- 
ler's company, Colonel Edmund Plummer's 
regiment, in 1775-76. He married, February 
II, 1766, at Cape Elizabeth, Sarah Jackson, 
when they were both very young. She died 
at Raymond, Maine, July 2y, 1804. Children; 
I. Polly, born October 23, 1766, died De- 
cember 23, 1812; married, 1790, Francis Sy- 
monds, of Raymond. 2. John, born October 
23, 1768, died December 16, 1861 ; married, 
May I, 1792, Dorcas Davis. 3. Hannah, born 
1770, died young. 4. David, born June 20, 
1773, died July 3, 1850; married, 1801. Olive 
Brown. 5. Samuel, born September 21, 1775, 
mentioned below. 6. Henry, born May 8, 1778, 
died March 16, 1861 ; married, first, Decem- 
ber 8, 1803, Polly Simonton ; second, January 
19, 1819, Mrs. Judith Clark. 7. Thomas, born 
1780, died 1789. 8. James, born October 21, 
1783. 9. Zachariah, born July 2, 1787, died 
July 3, 1874; married, first, June 3, 1832, 
Esther Merrill; second, April 21, 1840, Sa- 
bina Page. 

(VI) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Jor- 
dan, was born at Raymond, Maine, Septem- 
ber 21, 1775, the first law'ful white male child 
born in Raymond. He married. May 21, 1797, 
Rachel Humphrey, born August 30, 1776, at 
Gray, died 1871. He was a farmer and re- 
sided at Raymond. He died October 11, 1859. 
Children: i. David, born April 7, 1798, men- 
tioned below. 2. Isabelle, born July 4, 1799, 
married, October 7, 1819, Joseph Symonds, 
and resided at Portland. 3. Sarah, born Feb- 
rnary 18, 1801, married, February, 1832, 
Thomas Wales. 4. Dr. Cyrus, born January 
I, 1803, graduate of Dartmouth College; mar- 
ried, first, June 18, 1828, Elsie Wales; sec- 
ond, 1854, Abbie Crane. 5. Jonas, born No- 
vember II, 1804, died June 28, 1875; mar- 
ried, April 18, 1835, Alma J. Brackett. 6. 
Lydia M., born August 5, 1810, died June 
8, 1813. 7. Cynthia, born February 18, 1814, 
died unmarried. 8. Anson, born August 29, 
1816, died March 14, 1863; married, first. 
July 31, 1842, Matilda Hale Porter; second, 
Henrietta W. Thurlow. 9. Nelson, born Oc- 
tober 20, 1818, married, December 9, 1850, 
Dorcas Staples Morrison. 10. Susan, born 
October 18, 1820, unmarried. 

(VH) David, son of Samuel (2) Jordan. 



was born in Raymond, .Vpril 7, 1798. He al- 
lendeil the town school for about six weeks 
each year from twelve years of age until his 
majority. He then went to the academy at 
15ridgeton for two months and to the Hebron 
Academy for three months. He began teach- 
ing school when he was twenty-two years old, 
and taught for twenty years in different parts 
of the state. For several years he was a mem- 
ber of the superintending committee in the 
towns where he resided. He began to train 
with the militia at the age of eighteen, and was 
elected lieutenant, then captain, and became 
colonel at the age of thirty-one. He was bap- 
tized by Rev. James Libby in 1839 and united 
with the Free Baptist Church at Otisfield. He 
afterwards joined the Free Baptist Church at 
New Gloucester. He resided until 1836 in 
Raymond, with the e.xccption of a year in 
New Gloucester; from that time until 1846 in 
Otisfield; until 1854 in Poland, and then in 
New Gloucester. He married, November 29, 
1827, at New Gloucester, Thankful Clark, 
daughter of Benjamin and Sarah Judith 
(Stinchfield) Clark. Children: i. Isabelle, 
born December 8, 1828, married, October 25, 
1857, Henry Cummings. 2. Julia Clark, born 
May ig, 1831, died May 24, 1831. 3. Ben- 
jamin Clark, born June 26, 1833, mentioned 
below. 4. Juliette,, born December 26, 1835, 
married, March 26, 1861, Orin P. Nash, and 
resided at Biddeford. 5. Anson, born May 3, 
1839, died August 19, 1841. 6. Emeline Leach, 
born June 28, 1841. 7. Susan Maria, born 
November 12, 1843. 8. Lyman G., born March 
12, 1845, mentioned below. 9. Mark F. Clark, 
born March 31, 1848, married, September, 
1874, Eliza Ellis Dunnell, and resided at Al- 
fred, Maine. 10. Dr. Leicester Howard, born 
August 18, 1850, graduate of Bowdoin Col- 
lege._ 1873; married, July. 1878, Josephine L. 
Davis. 

(Vni) Benjamin Clark, son of David Jor- 
dan, was born in New Gloucester, Maine, June 
26, 1833. He married, .\ugust 16, 1864, at 
Buxton, Ann L. Meserve, daughter of Arcades 
E. Meserve. Children: i. Nellie Belle, born 
August 20, 1865. 2. Infant, Mav 11, died 
May 12, 1867. 3. Dora. May 27, 1868. 4. 
Josephine, February 10, 1873, died August 19, 
1873- 

(Vni) Lyman G., son of David Jordan, 
was born at New Gloucester, March 12, 1845. 
Fle graduated at Bates College in 1870, and 
is now one of the faculty of the college. He 
married, December 24, 1871. Hattie True 
Knowlton, daughter of Rev. E. Knowlton, of 
South Montville. He resides at Lewist;on, 



ii8 



STATE OF MAINE. 



IMaine. Children: I. Ralph I., born May 
9, 1875, died January 29, 1877. 2. Beula 
Claire, born June 2, 1877. 3. Mabel True, Sep- 
tember 23, 1878. 4. Elwin K. 5. Wayne C. 

(For preceding generation see Rev. Robert Jordan I.) 

(II) Jeremiah, youngest son of 
JORDAN Rev. Robert and Sarah (Win- 
ter) Jordan, was born at Fal- 
mouth, Maine, about 1663, and died in 1729. 
The place where he was born was the old 
family plantation at Spurwink, afterwards Fal- 
mouth and now Cape Elizabeth. This estate 
had been inherited from the father of Mrs. 
Robert Jordan, Mr. John Winter, a great 
landed proprietor. Rev. Robert Jordan and 
his family lived on this place from 1648 till 
1675, when the house was burned by the In- 
dians, and they moved to Newcastle, New 
Hampshire, where the clergyman died four 
years later. The "Old Plantation" at Spur- 
wink, containing about one thousand acres, 
was bequeathed to Mrs. Jordan with the pro- 
vision that it should go to Jeremiah at her 
death. The son was sixteen years of age at 
the time of his father's decease, and he con- 
tinued to live with his mother at Newcastle 
till his marriage in 1688. Soon after this 
Jeremiah Jordan removed to Scarborough, 
Maine, where he occupied the Nonesuch Farm, 
containing two thousand acres, which had be- 
longed to his mother. It was here that his 
two children were born, and it was here that he 
raised the provisions that he sold to the gov- 
ernment. The following document has been 
preserved: "Blackpoint," Oct. 4. 1703. This 
signifies that we have taken on board the Sloop 
Crowndhen, Mr. Bena. Gold, master, a thou- 
sand and twenty nine pounds of pork which 
Mr. Jeremiah Jordan owner weighed by ye 
Governor's order to be delivered at ye stores 
at Great Island." Three years later a com- 
plaint was filed at Kittery, Maine, by Pela 
\\'hittemore that the pork, through somebody's 
negligence, "or for want of salt was much 
damnified so that I could never dispose of 
more than half of it." It is not strange that 
the pork was not properly salted, for on .A.u- 
gust 10, 1703, Jeremiah Jordan and his wife 
were captured by a hostile band of Indians, 
and on the same day, Domincus Jordan, a 
brother, who lived on the east side of the Spur- 
wink river, was killed in his own house, and 
his family carried into captivity. The children 
of Jeremiah Jordan, after the capture of their 
parents, were sent to Newcastle, where thev 
probably remained in the care of friends till 
the release of their mother, .^fter remaining 



three years in captivity, she was permitted to 
come back from Canada. Upon her return 
she made her home in Newcastle, which was 
probably her native place. Jeremiah Jordan 
was kept in Canada a number of years, part 
of the time with the Indians and later with 
the French. He was then carried to France, 
where he remained some years, being finally 
released, and returning, first to Spurwink, then 
to Newcastle. Owing to the exposure and 
hardships through which he had passed, he was 
not recognized by any of his friends, who all 
supposed he had been dead for years. He 
proved his identity by showing the scars on his 
breast, caused by fire or water when he was 
quite young, which were remembered by some 
of the family. From that time he was called 
"French Jeremy" to distinguish him from 
others of the same name. He probably re- 
mained at Newcastle till after the death of 
his wife, and then accompanied his son, Jere- 
miah (2), to Falmouth in 1725. About 1688 
Jeremiah Jordan married Katherine, whose 
maiden name is unknown, and they had two 
children: Jeremiah (2), whose sketch fol- 
lows; and Deborah, born about i6g6, married 
Tames Randell, of Newcastle, New Hampshire. 

(III) Jeremiah (2), only son of Jeremiah 
(i) and Katharine Jordan, was born about 
1693, probably on the Nonesuch Farm, at 
Scarborough, Maine, and he died about 1764. 
His parents were carried into captivity when 
he was ten years of age, and the boy and his 
sister Deborah were brought up at Newcastle, 
New Hampshire. Jeremiah (2) Jordan was 
living at Newcastle as late as 1724. and in 
1728 he was living at Falmouth, now Cape 
Elizabeth, Maine. His first wife, who was 
probably the mother of his five children, may 
have died between those dates. About 171 5 
he married Catharine Randell, daughter of 
James Randell. of Newcastle, New Hampshire. 
There were five children : i. James, born 1716, 
married Phebe Mitchell. 2. Elizabeth, 1719. 
married Moses Hanscomb, of Falmouth. 3. 
Jeremiah (3), whose sketch follows. 4. De- 
borah, 1723, married Solomon Bragdon, of 
.Scarborough. 3. Hepzibah, 1749, married 
Styleman Jordan, of Newcastle, New Hamp- 
shire. The second wife of Jeremiah (2) Jor- 
dan was Sarah, but her maiden name is un- 
known. 

(IV) Jeremiah (3), second son of Jere- 
miah (2) and Catharine (Randell) Jordan, 
was born in 1721, probably at Newcastle, New 
Hampshire. At the age of seven, or earlier, 
he moved with his parents to Falmouth, Maine. 
He must have spent his life in that neighbor- 



STATE OF .MAJXE. 



iig 



hood, as he received from his father a deed of 
one hundred and ninety acres of land near 
the mouth of the Spurwink river. The date 
of his death is unl<nown. He married Eliza- 
beth Cox, of P.everly. Massachusctls, to whom 
he was published June 2, 1730. They had 
seven children: i. Sarah, born May 22, 1752, 
married William Uinj,dey, of I'almouth. _>. 
Mary, January 12, 1754, married Benjamin 
Staniford. 3. Lucy, February 25, 1759, mar- 
ried John Jordan, a son of Jedediah (2), a 
first cousin of Jeremiah (2). 4. Nathaniel, 
whose sketch follows. 5. Deborah, September 
23, 1763, married Noah Jordan (2). 6. Thom- 
as, F^ebruary 18, 1769, was an invalid many 
years, and died unmarried at the age of fifty. 
7. Winter, February 12, 1775. married 1 .ucy 
Richards. 

(V) Nathaniel, eldest son of Jeremiah (3) 
and Elizabeth (Cox) Jordan, was born May 
25, 1761, at Falmouth, Maine; but the date 
of his death is unknown. He was a farmer 
and lived on the old homestead at Spurwink. 
On January 2Q. 1784, he married Dorothy 
Jordan, daughter of Captain Joshua and Cath- 
erine (Jordan) Jordan. (See Jordan V.) 
There were ten children: i. Lucy, born Au- 
gust 7, 1784. 2. Betsey, December 15, 1785. 
3. and 4. William and Nathaniel (twins), No- 
vember 27, 1791. 5. Sally, October 13, 1794. 
6. Rufus, September 13, 1795. 7. Catharine, 
1797. 8. Joshua, October 14, 1799. 9. Polly, 
November 13, 1801. 10. Ivory, January 11, 
1805. Of these children. Lucy married Stephen 
Hibbard, of Freedom, and died at Norridge- 
wock in 1824. Betsey married David Small, of 
Scarborough, and was living in 1878 at the 
age of ninety-three. William is mentioned in 
the succeeding paragraph. Nathaniel married 
(first) Abigail Garcelon. (second) .Alice 
Rowe. Sally married Jonathan McKenney and 
lived at Danville. Catharine married Samuel 
W^aterhouse, a farmer of Lisbon, and died in 
that town in 1840. Joshua was a trader and 
lumberman, and lived at Foxcroft. He mar- 
ried (first) Olive Ann Duggin, of Wells, who 
died at the age of twenty-nine, leaving two 
children; (second) Martha Merrill, of Har- 
mony, who had seven children. No further 
record is given of Polly Jordan beyond the 
fact of her birth ; she probably died young. 
Ivory lived at New Gloucester, and married 
(first) Eliza, daughter of Solomon and Sarah 
(Staples) Jordan, (second) Caroline C. Dyer. 
Rufus lived on home farm at Cape Elizabeth ; 
father of Mrs. Stephen Dyer, of Portland, 
mother of Herbert Dyer, of Portland, Mrs. 
D. Wallace Oakes, of Auburn. 



(\ 1) William, eldest son of Nathaniel and 
Dorothy (Jordan) Jordan, was born at Cape 
Elizabeth, "Maine, November 27, 1791, and 
died at Danville, now Auburn, January 24, 
1853. He bought a tract of lanl in Danville, 
covered with heavy green timber, and built a 
lutle house there where he moved his family 
in January, 1822. lie was an honest, indus- 
trious mail, and worked hard to support his 
familv. On January 24, 1821, he married 
]Margaret Duggin, daughter of Michael Dug- 
gin, of Cape Elizabeth, and they had nine chil- 
dren : I. Olive, born January 24, 1822, mar- 
ried Samuel R. Damrem, of Belgrade. 2. 
Francis Michael. January 10, 1824, married 
Parthenia Kicker.' 3. William (2), whose 
sketch follows. 4. Margaret A., September 
17, 1828, married C.eorge W. Ricker, of New 
Gloucester. 5. Mary Jane, June 11, 1832, now 
living, unmarried. 6. Nathaniel I., February 
25, 183s, married Adelia S. Libby, of Dur- 
ham, i. Almond Libby, January 21, 1837, died 
in that year. 8. Su.san Maria, September 10, 
1838, married Edward A. Little. 9. Sarah 
Ellen, Augitst 11, 1841. 

(VH) William (2), second son of Wdham 
(i) and Margaret (Duggin) Jordan, was 
born November 17, 1825, at Danville, now Au- 
burn, Maine, and received his education in the 
schools of that town. He remained on the 
home farm till twenty-two years of age when 
he went to Massachusetts, and later to New- 
port, Rhode Island, where he remained some 
time. He then returned to .Auburn and went 
into business with his brother. Francis M. 
Thev afterwards took in Albert E. Frost, and 
chatiged the name to Jordan, Frost and Com- 
pany. In 1884 Mr. Jordan began his pres- 
ent market garden, making a specialty of 
strawberries and celery. He is a Republican 
in politics, and attends the Baptist church. 
On December 20, 1854, he married Caroline 
Cranston, daughter of Thomas and Phebe 
Cranston, of Newport, Rhode Island. They 
had seven children; i. Mary Jane, born No- 
vember 22, i8s5, married George Strout, of 
Biddeford; child, Paul Strout. 2. Thomas 
Cranston, July 6, 1857, was educated in .Au- 
burn, associated w^ith his father in the market 
garden ; married Elizabeth P. Moody, who 
died .April 9, 1907, 3. Annie, January 23, 
1859. 4. Carrie Cranston, January 6, 1862, 
married George Ingersoll, of Auburn ; child, 
Elizabeth F., "a student at Bates College. 5. 
^^'illiam F., November i, 1863, educated in 
public schools of Auburn, graduated from 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 
1885; then went to Omaha, Nebraska, and 



I20 



STATE OF MAINE. 



became civil engineer for the Burlington li 
Quincy railroad for three years; went from 
there to Rochester, New York, as assistant 
engineer of the Buffalo, Rochester & Pitts- 
burg railroad, where he remained twelve years, 
or until he was appointed terminal engineer for 
the New York Central railroad. Member of 
American Society of Civil Engineers, and 
secretary of American Encyclopedia of Biog- 
raphy now being published. Married iMabel, 
daughter of Rawson and Mary Smith, or 
Rochester, New York; child, Lawrence, born 
October lo, 1898. 6. Ernest, May i, i6jl, 
educated in the schools of Auburn and the Col- 
lege of Pharmacy of New Vork City; was 
for some time employed with the Auburn Drug 
and Chemical Company, and afterwards went 
to Bangor, where he remained until 1894; re- 
turned to Auburn and in 1895, in compau 
with John Burrill, formed the firm of Bur- 
rill & Jordan, which continued until 1900, wh... 
the firm was dissolved, and Mr. Jordan en- 
tered the employ of Seth D. Wakefield, where 
he still remains. Married Ada M. Ham, of 
Boston ; children : Caroline F. and Edward 
M. 7. Archer, whose sketch follows. 

(VIII) Archer, youngest child of William 
(2) and Caroline (Cranston) Jordan, was 
born at Auburn, Maine, January 7, 1873. He 
attended the public schools of his native town, 
graduated from the Edward Little high school 
in 1891, thereupon entering Colby College, 
from which he graduated in the class of 1895. 
He then accepted the position of principal of 
the high school in Vanceboro, Maine, resign- 
ing there one year later to accept a position 
in the Mitchell's Boys School at Billerica, 
Massachusetts, where he taught mathematics 
and science. In 1899 he entered the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania and was graduated from 
there in 1902 with the degree of D. D. S. 
He began the practice of dentistry at Water- 
ville, Maine, and in 1904 returned to Auburn 
and opened the office which he now occupies. 
He is a Republican in politics, and a Congre- 
gationalist in religion. He is a member of 
the Calumet and Country clubs, also of the 
college fraternity, Delta Kappa Epsilon. On 
October 16, 1902, he married Ethel Elizabeth 
Williams, daughter of Dr. Charles E. and 
Emma J. (Harlow) Williams, of Auburn. 
(See WiUiams V.) Children: Cranston Har- 
low, born July 12, 1903; Archer (2), July 20, 
1905; Charles W., September 24, 1907. 

(IV) Captain Joshua, third son of Nathan- 
iel and Dorothy Jordan, was born in 1736, 
at Spurwink, now Cape Elizabeth, Maine. He 
seems to have resembled his grandfather Do- 



minicus in physique, being six feet in height 
and of great endurance. At the beginning of 
the revolution he had a large family of chil- 
dren, but he left all to fight for his country. 
On November 20, 1777, he commanded a com- 
pany of men in Colonel Peter Noyes' regiment. 
In 1779 he had command of a company in 
Colonel Jonathan Mitchell's regiment. On the 
expedition against the enemy at Penobscot, 
from July 7 to September 25, 1779, his name 
beads the payroll as captain. Later in life 
he became the owner of part of Richmond's 
Island, and there he lived for a number of 
years, dying at length in his chair. He had 
been afflicted with asthma for some time, so 
that he could not sleep in a bed. The exact 
date of his death is unknown. On 2\Iarch 24, 
1763, he married Catharine Jordan, of Fal- 
mouth, daughter of his second cousin, Rich- 
ard Jordan, and his wife, Katharine Hans- 
comb. To Joshua and Catharine (Jordan) 
Jordan were born eight children, and it is 
somewhat remarkable that six out of the 
eight married Jordans. i. Dorothy, mentioned 
below. 2. and 3. William and Joshua (twins), 
born June 8, 1770, married respectively Eu- 
nice and Abigail Jordan. 4. Daniel, Decem- 
ber 7, 1773, married Ann McKenney. 5. 
Ebenezer, February 9, 1778, married Polly 
Jordan. 6. James, August 20, 1780, married 
Martha Robinson. 7. Nathaniel, October 15, 
1782, married Esther Jordan. 8. Catharine. 
November 21, 1784, married Nathaniel Jor- 
dan, son of Benjamin and Abigail (Peables) 
Jordan. Ebenezer Jordan, who married, Sep- 
tember 15, 1810, was drowned shortly after- 
ward, while fording the channel betv/een 
Richmond's Island and the mainland. This 
channel, which is an easy ford in low tide, is 
a mile wide at flood. 

(V) Dorothy, eldest child of Captain Joshua 
and Catharine (Jordan) Jordan, was born 
August 29, 1764, at Cape Elizabeth, and mar- 
ried, June 29, 1784, Nathaniel Jordan, young- 
est son of Jeremiah (3) and Elizabeth (Cox) 
Jordan. (See Jordan V.) 



(For preceding generations see Rev. Robert Jordan I.) 

(Ill) Dominicus (2) Jordan, 
JORDAN eldest son of Dominicus (i) 
and Hannah ( Tristram) Jor- 
dan, was born at Spurwink, Cape Elizabeth, 
Maine, in 1683, died May 20, 1749. At 
the time of the Indian outbreak, soon after 
1700, he was captured by the Indians and 
taken to Trois Rivieres (Three Rivers), Can- 
ada, and held prisoner there for something 
/ike twelve or thirteen years before he was sue- 



STATE OF MAINE. 



121 



cesslul ill making his escape. W hile living 
among the Canadian Indians he became quite 
familiar with the dialects of several of the 
tribes, and that knowledge served him a use- 
ful purpose in later years, lie returned to 
Spurwink in 1715 and lived in tiiat town dur- 
ing the remaining years of his life. He was a 
very active man in public affairs, holding sev- 
eral important town offices and was one of 
the selectmen the first year after the incor- 
poration of I'almouih, representative to the 
general court and major of the provincial mil- 
itia. He also was energetic in business life 
and acquired a large property in lands and 
goods. He married, in Kittery, Joanna Bray, 
who survived him many years, and by whom 
he had seven children, all born in Spurwink : 
I. Dominicus, June 15, 1715, died 1786; mar- 
ried I'hebe Grav. 2. Nathaniel, December 24, 
1718. 3. Clement, April 24, 1720, died 1789. 
4. Alary, married (first) Parker, (sec- 
ond) Colonel Ezekiel Gushing. 5. Tristram, 
April II, 1726, died JMarch 18. 1727. 6. Mir- 
iam, married Robert Mitchell, of Kittery. 7. 
Hannah, March 12, 1728, married Joseph 
Prout. 

(IV) Lieutenant Colonel Nathaniel, son of 
Major Dominicus and Joanna (Bray) Jordan, 
was born in Spurwink, Maine, December 24, 
1718, and was one of the inlluential men of 
the province in his time. He received from 
his father more than four hundred acres of 
good land, but he himself added materially to 
his inherited possessions. He was lieutenant 
colonel of the militia raised in Cumberland 
county and served in the defense of the sea- 
coast ; and his name appears on the roll of 
field and staff officers for the year 1779. He 
married, August 2, 1740, Hannah Woodbury, 
of Beverly, Massachusetts, and by her had 
nine children, all born in Falmouth: i. Tri.s- 
tram, 1743, revolutionary soldier and private 
in Captain Joshua Jordan's company ; mar- 
ried Hannah Lassell. 2. Israel, June 12, 1745, 
married Susanna Jordan. 3. Dominicus, 1746. 
4. Ezekiel, 1740. married, 1774, Mary Simon- 
ton. 5. Hannah, 1752, married. 1770, Samuel 
Hill, of Biddeford. 6. Mary, 1754, married. 
1774, Lemuel Jordan. 7. Abigail, 1756, mar- 
ried. 1778, Jeremiah Cobb. 8. Nathaniel, No- 
vember, 1757, revolutionary soldier in the sea- 
coast defense; married, 1784, Joanna Sawyer. 
9. Simon, 1763, lost at sea. 

(V) Dominicus (3), son of Lieutenant 
Colonel Nathaniel and Hannah (Woodbury) 
Jordan, was born at Falmouth, now Cape 
Elizabeth, Maine, in 1746. died at Raymond, 
now Casco, March 23. 1823. He moved from 



Cape Liizahelh U> Raymond about 1774. The 
name Raymond was changed to Casc(j in 1843. 
Mr. Jordan married, December ig, 1765. at 
Cape Elizabetli. Catharine Maxwell, who died 
at Raymond, September 26, 1826; children: 

I. Wiiliam, born at Cape Elizabeth. 2. Eze- 
kiel, Cape Elizabeth, April 15, 1770. died 
Casco, 1852. 3. Mary, married Richard Mav- 
bury, of Raymond. 4. Nathaniel, died June 
26, 1848. 5. Hannah, died unmarried. 6. 
Elizabeth, died July 11, 1863: married Sam- 
uel Knight and lived in Otisfield. 7. Cathar- 
ine, born Raymond, married Haskell. 

(VI) William, son of Dominicus (3) and 
Catharine (Maxwell) Jordan, was born at 
Cape Elizabeth. Maine, and lived and died in 
the north part of the town of Raymond. 
He married Ann. daughter of Rev. Zachariah 
Leach, of Raymond ; children, born in Ray- 
mond : I. Mark, September 12, 1790, died 
January 5, 186^. 2. Catharine, April 21, 1792, 
died Casco, June 13. 187 1. 3. Peggy, June 2, 
1794. 4. Dominicus. January 17, 1796, died 
Depere, Wisconsin, January 5, 1869. 5. Will- 
iam, March 6, 1798, died unmarried. 6. Peter, 
October 10, 1799, died Windham, December 
18, 1873. 7. Martha, June 25, 1802. married 
Joseph Dingley. 8. Asa, July 10, 1804. died 
February 4, 1812. 9. Samuel, June 6, 1805. 
10. Elizabeth K., April 19, 1807, died 1863. 

II. Asa, August 25, 1810. 

(VII) Samuel, son of William and Ann 
(Leach) Jordan, was born at Raymond, 
Maine, July 6, 1805, and died on his home 
farm in Deering, Maine, December 14, 1880. 
After the death of his father, when Samuel 
was about fifteen years old, he went to West- 
brook, now the Deering district of Portland, 
and for the next two years was in the employ 
of Elisha North, a merchant of that town. 
After that he was a student at Hebron Acad- 
emy, where he pursued a thorough course of 
study with the view of entering the United 
States Military Academy at West Point, New 
York, with the ultimate intention of entering 
the army ; but in deference to the wishes of 
his mother he abandoned that idea and turned 
his attention to mercantile pursuits. After 
leaving the academy he went to Woodford's 
Corners and became agent for the sale of 
combs manufactured by E. D. Woodford. His 
agency extended throughout the New England 
states, the Canadian provinces and as far soutli 
as Baltimore. Maryland. In 1832 he acquired 
a partnership interest in the business con- 
ducted by his employer, Mr. Woodford, and 
the style of the firm became Woodford & Jor- 
dan. This relation was maintained for the 



122 



STATE OF MAINE. 



next six years and during that period the 
firm's business was increased by the addition 
of a tin manufacturing- department ; and when 
the partnership was dissolved Mr. Jordan con 
tinued the manufacture of tinware in company 
with Gerry Cook, the firm name being Cook 
& Jordan. This business was continued with 
gratifying success for about three years, when 
the junior partner withdrew and purchased the 
farm formerly owned by Captain Thomas Seal, 
his father-in-law, situated in the town of Deer- 
ing, and afterward devoted his attention chiefly 
to farming pursuits, although he was variously 
interested in other business enterprises and 
somewhat prominently identified with the po- 
litical history of the county. For six years 
he was president of the Westbrook Bank, also 
a director of the Atlantic and St. Lawrence 
Railroad Company, now a part of the Grand 
Trunk system. From 1857 to 1861 he was 
postmaster of Portland, during the Buchanan 
administration, for Mr. Jordan was a staunch 
Democrat and a warm admirer of James Bu- 
chanan. In 1848 and 1849 he was a member 
of the lower house of the state legislature. 
"Mr. Jordan was a man of more than ordinary 
character and force and had he been educated 
with a view to a public career would have 
been a leader among men anywhere. In mind 
and body he was sturdy and strong, but al- 
ways frank and self-possessed. Tenacious of 
his own views and convictions, he always was 
manly and large-hearted in his intercourse with 
others — belonging to that type of men whose 
natures are so virile that their very faults are 
never despicable. His opinions were always 
sincerely sought in all matters of public con- 
cern and were never for a moment misunder- 
stood or lightly treated. He believed in the 
hearty and prompt contribution of individual 
thought to the current of public discussion, and 
so filled the full measure of a citizen's duty, 
and died in the fulness of years, beloved of 
family and friends ; and on every hand will 
be remembered as a brave, able and honest 
man, and a splendid type of the old New- 
England stock which breathed into all our 
institutions the breath of its own courage and 
hopefulness." (Portland Daily Ncivs, Dec. 15, 
1880.) On November 7, 1832, Samuel Jor- 
dan married Eunice Quinby Seal, born West- 
brook, Februarv 4, 1808, died Alay 23, 1863, 
daughter of Captain Thomas Seal, and a lineal 
descendant of Sir William Pepperell through 
the Frost family. Of this marriage seven chil- 
dren were born: i. Emily F., July i, 1837. 2. 
Horace M., December 10, 1839. 3. Jane Eliza- 
beth, July 17, 1841, married, 1869, Captain 



James W. Thompson, an ofiicer of a Massa- 
chusetts regiment during the war of 1861-65, 
and afterward a planter in the Hawaiian 
islands. Mrs. Thompson died at Redlands, 
California, October 27, igo8. 4. Arthur W., 
born January 25, 1843, -^ grain broker of Bos- 
ton ; married, in 1875, Helen A. Warren, of 
Deering, Maine, and had Henry Irving Jor- 
dan, civil engineer of Portland. 5. Henry I., 
born June 31, 1845, died 1870, at Stillwater, 
Minnesota; graduated from Bowdoin College, 
1863 ; College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
New York, 1867; went to St. Paul, Minnesota, 
and thence to Stillwater, where he died ; never 
married. 6. Edward C, born March 17, 1847, 
graduate of Union College, Schenectady, New 
York ; was engineer in charge of Yellowstone 
expedition, and Northern Pacific railway ; mar- 
ried, in 1873, Elizabeth Goddard Thomas, who 
died in 1874: married (second) Marcia Brad- 
bury, an authoress of note, daughter of the late 
Hon. Bion Bradbury. 7. Isabella Frost, born 
August 14, 1849, married, June 20, 1877, Fred 
W. Sewall, born August 10, 1850; lives at 
Wiscasset, 3.1aine, and is a bank cashier ; has 
one son, Samuel Jordan Sewall, superintend- 
ent of the Wiscasset & Waterville railroad. 

(VIII) Horace Malcolm, son of Samuel and 
Eunice Quinby (Seal) Jordan, was born in 
Deering, now Portland, Maine, December 10, 
1839, and acquired his earlier literary educa- 
tion in private schools, Yarmouth Academy 
and Westbrook Seminary, in which he was 
fitted for college. In 1854 he entered Bow- 
doin College, for the classical course, and 
was graduated with the degree of A. B. .\fter 
leaving college he traveled somewhat exten- 
sively for his health, and later took up the 
study of law with jMr. Justice Clifford, at 
Portland. In 1861 he was admitted to prac- 
tice in the courts of this state and became a 
member of the Cumberland bar. In 1863 he 
went to New Orleans and was appointed aide- 
de-camp on the stafT of General George F. 
Shepley, then military governor of Louisiana. 
He remained in the south at the close of the 
civil war, chiefly at New Orleans, where he 
w'as admitted to the bar and for a short time 
practiced law in association with the law firm 
of Rouse & Grant. While there he drifted 
into newspaper work, and for some time pre- 
vious to 1870 and was associate editor of the 
Nezv Orleans Republican. Returning to Maine 
in 1870, Mr. Jordan for the next two years 
was editor of the Maine Standard, at Augusta, 
and in 1872 became editor of the Portland 
Sunday Star. In 1873 he went into a new 
field and for the next five years filled responsi- 



STATF. O]' MAINI':. 



123 



ble positions 011 the editorial staffs of the Nciv 
]'oi-k Times and the Brooklyn lla;^lc. Return- 
ing to Boston in 1878, he took editorial charge 
of the afternoon editions of the Boston Globe. 
Later on he became connected with the Bos- 
ton Traveller antl was its associate editor from 
1880 to 1887. While living in Boston Mr. 
Jordan was for two years secretary of the 
Massachusetts rapid transit commission, but 
otherwise devoted his attention chiefly to 
newspaper work until he returned to New 
York City and again became assistant editor 
of the New York Times. In 1897 '^^ received 
the appointment of assistant librarian in the 
Library of Congress, Washington, D. C, which 
position he still retains. He holds member- 
ship in the L"niversity and National Press 
clubs of Washington, is quite inclined to be 
independent in politics and Unitarian in relig- 
ious preference. In 1891 he married \'irginia, 
daughter of George C. Frisbic, Esq., of Or- 
well, Pennsylvania. She died December 31. 
1906, leaving no children. 



(Kor preceding generations see Robert Jordan I.) 

(Ill) Captain Samuel, second 
JORDAN son of Dominicus and Hannah 

( Tri.stram) Jordan, was born at 
Spurwink in 1G84. At the age of eighteen 
years he was carried a captive to Canada, and 
after living six years with the Indians spent 
one year with the French at "Three Rivers." 
With two other prisoners he managed to es- 
cape, assisted by an Indian woman named 
Mary, and she guided them through the woods 
to Casco Bay. Settling at Winter Harbor, he 
engaged in trade, carrying on for many years 
the only store in that place, and as he had 
obtained a good knowledge of the Indian 
language while in captivity, he was able to 
render valuable services to the government as 
an interpreter. Subsequently to 1717 he acted 
as the authorized agent for the government 
in its transactions with the Indians, and he 
was also captain of the local militia company. 
He was a man of unusual energy and perse- 
verance, was very prominent in civic and re- 
ligious affairs, and a member of the Congre- 
gational church. In 1727 he erected a sub- 
stantial residence near Biddeford pool, which 
was still in a good state of preservation in 
1872. Captain Jordan died December 20, 
1742. He was married at York in 17 18 to 
Olive Plaisted, daughter of James and Marv 
{ Rishworth) Plaisted, of Brunswick, Maine. 
In 1744 she married for her second husband 
Rev. James Smith. Her death occurred in 
1763. The children of her first union were: 



Olive (who became the wife of Rev. Ivory 
Hovey) ; Sarah (who became the wife of Rev. 
Samuel Hill) ; Hannah (who became the wife 
of Rev. Moses Morrill); Samuel (who mar- 
ried Mercy liourn) ; Tristram, who will be 
again referred tn; and Mary (who became the 
wife of Philip tioldihwaite, of Boston). 

(IV) Colonel Tristram, youngest son of 
Captain Samuel and Olive (Plaisted) Jordan, 
was born at Winter Harbor, May 13, 1731. 
He became one of the first merchants on the 
east side of the Saco river, at the falls, and 
resided in what was known as the Pepperell 
House. At the age of twenty-three, in 1754, 
he was chosen a selectman and at about the 
same time was commissioned a captain in the 
militia. In 1787 he was chosen a senator from 
A'ork county to the Massachusetts general 
court. At the close of the revolutionary war 
he removed from the falls to his estate at 
Deep Brook, where he died November i, 1821, 
aged ninety years. In addition to the offices 
mentioned, he served as a magistrate for 
many years, and in 1776 was commissioned a 
colonel by the council of Massachusetts. In 
1749 he married (first) in Berwick, Hannah, 
daughter of Ichabod Goodwin, born July 24, 
1730, died July 10, 1775. The Christian name 
of his second wife was Dorcas; their marriage 
occurred at Falmouth in 1778 and she died 
December 19, 1781. On May 21, 1784, he 
married (third) Hannah Frost, of Berwick, 
who died September 26, 1789. His twelve 
children were: i. Elizabeth, born March 2, 
1 75 1, married William Vaughn, of Ports- 
mouth; died April 5, 181 1. 2. Hannah, born 
December 3, 1753, died January 7, 1757. 3. 
Sarah, born January 19, 1756, married Colo- 
nel Nathaniel Scammon, son of Captain Hum- 
phrey Scammon, of Saco, and had eleven 
children. 4. Hannah, born April 5, 1758, mar- 
ried, first. Captain Solomon Coit, of Saco; 
married, second. Captain James Perkins, of 
Kennebunkport ; died 1839. 5- Olive, born 
June 24, 1760, married Captain Seth Storer ; 
died August 4, 1842. 6. Tristram, born Au- 
gust I, 1768, married Sarah Scammon. 7. 
Ichabod, born September 24, 1770, married 
Mary Coffin ; died May 20, 1865, aged ninety- 
five. 8. Mary, born August 24, 1772. married 
Daniel Granger, who served in the revolution- 
ary war : died at Eastport in 1847. 9- ^I^" 
hitable, born July 2, 1775, died October 23, 
1779. 10. Dorcas, born in March, 1785, mar- 
ried Edward Tucker, of Salem, Massachu- 
setts; died March 18, 1874. 11. Samuel, born 
July 5, 1786, died in Alexandria, Virginia. 
12. Rishworth, see next paragraph. 



124 



STATE OF MAINE. 



(V) Rishworth, youngest son of Colonel 
Tristram and Hannah (Frost) Jordan, born 
October 17, 1788, died at Saco in 1868. In 
1813 he married Mary Sawyer, born at Saco, 
November 14, 1790, daughter of William Saw- 
yer. She died July 3, 1870. Their children 
were: i. Dorcas Olive, born September 29. 
1813, became the wife of Gilbert Sawyer, of 
Saco, who was lost at sea November 14, 1837. 
2. Sally, born December 13, 1814, died Febru- 
ary 6, 1823. 3. Mary, born July 28, 1817, 
became the wife of James Fo,a;g, of Saco. 4. 
Rishworth, who is referred to in the succeed- 
ing paragraph. 5. Henry, born December 21, 
1820, married Mary A. Warren, daughter of 
William Warren, of Gorham. 6. William, 
born January 2, 1823, married Phebe C. Lord, 
daughter of- James Lord, of Saco, and went to 
Iowa. 7. Sarah Jane, born January 2-], 1827, 
married Captain Robert Cleaves, of Saco ; died 
March 20, 1857. 8. Charles, born October 17, 
1828, married Mary C. Cole, daughter of Ben- 
jamin F. Cole, of Saco, and became a medical 
practitioner in Wakefield, Massachusetts. 

(VI) Rishworth (2). eldest son of Rish- 
worth (i) and ]\Iary (Sawyer) Jordan, was 
born in Saco, January 18, 1819. As a young- 
man he was desirous of following the sea, 
but changing his mind he entered, as a clerk, 
the grocery store of Tristram Jordan, of 
Saco. He subsequently purchased the busi- 
ness, which he carried on successfully for 
over thirty years. After his retirement from 
mercantile business he turned his attention to 
real estate, in which he was associated with 
Luther Bryant, of Biddeford, and was also 
a prominent figure in the financial affairs of 
Saco, being president of the Saco National 
Bank. At one time he was president of the 
Biddeford National Bank, which through his 
timely aid was prevented from suspending 
business. In politics he was a Democrat, and 
resigned the office of mayor after being elected. 
Rishworth Jordan died March 20, 1903. He 
was married, April 3, 185 1, to Mary Eliza- 
beth Hill, daughter of Joseph Hill, of Saco. 
She became the mother of five children : i . 
Herbert, born November 6, 1851, died Au- 
gust 29, 1853. 2. Helen A., born December 
21, 1853, married, March 30, 1880, George 
Leonard Mason, who will be again referred 
to. 3. Herbert R., who will be again referred 
to. 4. Mary E., born April 30, 1864, died 
August 29, 1865. 5. Alfred, born January 
23, 1867, died January 24, 1868. 

(VII) Herbert Rishworth, second son and 
third child of Rishworth (2) and Mary 
Elizabeth (Hill) Jordan, was born in Saco. 



June 28, 1857. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools, and began his business career in 
the grocery trade at Saco. He was after- 
wards, for a number of years, engaged in 
the clothing business in Massachusetts and 
Rhode Island. Returning to Saco, he be- 
came associated with his father in the real 
estate business, and since the latter's death 
has acted in the capacity of manager of the 
Jordan estate. He succeeded his father as 
president of the Saco National Bank and is 
still the official head of that institution. In 
politics he is a Republican. 

On October 20, 1879, Mr. Jordan married 
(first) Caroline Hooper, daughter of Gibson 
Hooper, of Saco. They have two children : 
Rishworth Pierpont, born April 13, 1887, and 
Elizabeth Hill, born January 2, 1890. He 
married (second) Annie E. Leavitt, February 
II, 1900, daughter of Francis W. and Sarah O. 
Leavitt. 

George Leonard Mason, born November 26, 
1852, in Saco, Maine, died March 12, 1895, 
in New York City, was a great-grandson of 
Joseph and Hannah (Miller) Mason, who 
were married July 16, 1778. Joseph Mason, 
grandfather of George L. Mason, born Jan- 
uary II, 1782, died 1858, married Sally Scott, 
born February 13, 1779, died March 13, 1848, 
daughter of Sylvanius and Sarah (Andrews) 
Scott, married October i, 1757; Sylvanius 
Scott was born 1732, died August 5, 1784; 
his wife, Sarah (Andrews) Scott, born 1739, 
died October 10, 1781. Dr. Jeremiah Mason, 
father of George L. Mason, born May 11, 
1814, died September 16, 1892. He was a 
prominent dentist and practiced his profession 
many years at Saco, Maine. He was vice- 
president of Saco Savings Bank for several 
years. He married, November 17, 1841, Eliza 
Barron Sawyer, born January 26, 1819, died 
March 2, 1901, a woman of high attainments, 
who was active in church and benevolent 
work. She was a daughter of William, born 
June 27, 1779, died September 28, 1853, ^"^ 
Betsey (Knight) Sawyer, born 1775, died De- 
cember 18, 1863 ; they were married August 
10, 1806. William Sawyer was a son of Ja- 
bez, born 1744, died April 17, 1816, and Mary 
(Pennell) Sawyer, born 1744, died j\Iarch 14, 
1814; they were married March 8, 1765. Bet- 
sey (Knight) Sawyer was a daughter of Sam- 
uel, born January 22, 1756, and Hannah 
(Whitten) Knight. George Leonard Mason 
attended the public schools of Saco and Bid- 
deford, graduated from Biddeford high school, 
class of 1870, and from Harvard Dental 
School, class of 1874. He resided and prac- 



STATl': ()[•■ MAINE. 



125 



ticcd (Icntistiy in Brooklyn, Xcw York, 1874- 
18S0, and resided and practiced dentistry in 
the city of New York, 1880-1895. His wile, 
Helen A. (Jordan) Mason, was educated ai 
the Saco high school, Berwick Academy ;.nd 
Abbott Academy, of Audover. She is a bril- 
liant woman, of high attainments, and acii ve- 
in church and charitable work. 



(For preceding generations see Kobert Jordan I.) 

(HI) Nathaniel, youngest son 
JORDAN of Dominicus and Hannah 

(Tristram) Jordan, was born 
1696, at Cape Elizabeth, Maine, died 1783. 
But little can be definitely learned of his ca- 
reer by his descendants. In 1703, with his 
mother and the remainder of the children of 
the liousehL.ld, he was made pri.soncr by the 
Indians, but later redeemed from captivity, ow- 
ing to the treaty of 1713. They returned and 
improved their share of the old homestead 

estate. Married (first) Dorothy — , in 

1717. Married (second) in 1741, Mary Cut- 
levier, who survived him, and attained the 
age of ninety-one years, as indicated by the 
slate tombstone in the cemetery at Cape llliza- 
beth. The children of Nathaniel Jordan were 
as follows : Ebenezer, Sarah, Nathaniel, 
Joshua, Benjamin, Ebenezer and Solomon. 

(IV) Nathaniel (2), eldest son of Nathan- 
iel (i) Jordan, by his wife Dorothy, was 
born 1733 or thereabouts. He married, in 
1756, Susannah Hill, by whom the following 
children were born at Scarborough, Maine : 
Abner, Ephraim, Nathaniel, Benjamin, Eliza 
Sarah, John H., Mary, Martha, Abigail, Han- 
nah, Sally. The youngest child was born No- 
vember 10, 1774. 

(V) Abner, eldest child of Nathaniel (2) 
and Susannah (Hill) Jordan, was born 1760, 
at Cape Elizabeth, Maine, died at Lisbon, 
Maine, September 26, 1819. He served in 
the revolutionary army, though young at the 
time of that struL;gle for independence. In 
the spring of 1790, with his wife and children, 
he moved from Cape Elizabeth to what is now 
known as Webster, Maine. There he lodged 
in a log cabin, built two years prior by his 
brother. He married. May 21, 1786, Hannah 
Wentworth, born 1768. died August 31, 1849, 
at Lisbon, Maine. Their children were: 
Nathan B., John Wentworth, Hannah, Abner, 
Nathaniel, Timothy, Sarah Bartlett, Benniiig 
Wentworth and Lydia. The youngest child 
was born in 1813. 

(VI) Nathaniel (3), fifth child of Abner 
and Hannah (Wentworth) Jordan, was born 
January 31, 1799, on the old plantation home- 



stead. He died September 11, 1856. In 18.;',, 
at Danville, he married Anna, daughter of 
Ebenezer Jordan (a relative far removed), by 
whom was born the following children : Sarah, 
Hannah, Silas Curtis, Mary P., Ebenezer, Ly- 
dia H., Wcntwonh, Abner, Horatio Garcelcn 
and Abbie C. 

(VTI) Wentworth, son of Nathaniel (3) 
and Anna (Jordan) Jordan, was born Novem- 
ber 17, 1837, at Lisbon, Maine, and was edu- 
cated at the common schools of Webster. At 
the age of twenty years he commenced to 
learn the blacksmith's trade, which he con- 
tinued to follow until he mastered it at Port- 
land. In 1861 he went to California, where 
he worked at mining and the forge and anvil 
for four years. He then returned to Lisbon 
and continued to work at his trade until 1874, 
when he opened the "Lisbon House," a hotel 
which for thirty-three years was well and most 
favorably known for its right good cheer and 
the homelike hosi)itality extended. Pie mar- 
ried Elizabeth Knights, by whom was born 
two children, Jo.seph, who died aged six- 
teen years, born at Iowa Hill, California, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1864: Forrest Elmer, born October 
17, 1866, at Lisbon, Maine. 

(VIII) Forrest Elmer, youngest child of 
Wentworth and Elizabeth (Knights) Jordan, 
born at Lisbon, Maine, October 17, 1866, ob- 
tained his education at the schools of New 
Sharon and later attended the high school of 
Lisbon. After leaving school he worked at 
painting and paperhanging for a time, but later 
took up carpentering and followed that for 
three years, after which he entered the em- 
ploy of E. H. Lunt as a clerk in a general 
merchandise store, where he remained about 
one year. He then went to Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, and secured a position with the 
American Express Company, with whom he 
remained two years. He then became '"buyer 
under chief warden. General Bridges, of ili 
Massachusetts .State Prison, at Charlestown, 
where he remained about three years. .At the 
time of the riot among the prisoners of that 
institution, had it not been for the tact used by 
the warden, many of the prisoners would have 
escaped, and the death of many of the keepers 
would doubtless have ensued. Mr. Jordan was 
in the room at the hour of the outbreak, but 
escaped uninjured. After severing his connec- 
tion with the prison, he was employed in the 
Wyman Brothers' produce market, in Boston, 
then entered the wholesale produce business. 
Later he sold the last-named business and re- 
turned to Lisbon, Maine, and in July, 1905, 
purchased the grocery business of W. W. 



126 



STATE OF MAINE. 



Smitli, which lie has successfully conducted 
since. Mr. Jordan is identified with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, Knights of 
Pythias, Knights of the Golden Eagle, Modern 
VVoodmen of America. In his political affilia- 
tions he is a Republican, while in church con- 
nection he is an attendant of the Methodist 
Episcopal denomination. He married, Decem- 
ber 25, 1891, Annie L., daughter of Roscoe 
G. and Christine (Whitney) Green, of Lis- 
bon, Maine. They have three children : Louise 
Beatrice, Marion Thelma and Kenneth N. 



The Jordans of the following 
JORDAN sketch are thought to be de- 
scended from that pioneer 
clergyman, Rev. Robert Jordan, who, in 1641, 
was established at Richmond's Island, now 
Portland. 

(I) Joseph Jordan resided in Oldtown, 
Maine. In 1849 he joined the great army of 
gold seekers and went to California. After 
reaching that very remote territory he wrote 
that he had struck a paying claim, and as an 
evidence of his success he remitted to his 
family $1,800 in gold. This was the last ever 
heard of him, and what his fate was has never 
been discovered. He married and had chil- 
dren : I-'rank. a sailor, who was drowned at 
sea; Annie E., married E. E. Hues, of Haver- 
hill, Massachusetts; George I. 

(II) George Ivory, youngest child of Jo- 
seph Jordan, was born in Oldtown, May 16, 
1836. He was educated in the common schools, 
and at an early age learned the shoemaker's 
trade. In 1862 he enlisted in response to the 
call of the president for volunteers to serve 
nine months, and was a private in Captain 
Libby's company, Twelfth New Hampsi:ire 
Volunteer Infantry, and served in the Arm\' 
of the Potomac. He was for some time a 
mariner sailing with Captain Ivory Grant. 
Afterward he was employed in a woolen mill, 
and finally went into the manufacture of pick- 
ers for use in woolen mills, and was engaged 
in that business until the end of his active 
life. In political faith he was a Republican. 
He was selectman, street commissioner, and 
filled other minor offices. He married, in 
Rochester, New Hampshire, January 26, 1862, 
Elizabeth A. Downes, born in Dover, New 
Hampshire, December 27, 1840, died October 
13, 1904. The children of this marriage were : 
Clara E., Hattie J., Lillie M., Fred (died 
young), Frank H., Fred G. and George E. 

(III) Dr. Frank Herbert, second son of 
George Ivory and Elizabeth A. (Downes) Jor- 
dan, was born in Milton, Strafford county, 



New Hampshire, September 13, 1868. From 
the common schools he went to the New 
Hampton Literary and Biblical Institute, from 
which he graduated in 1896. He then began 
the study of medicine, and graduated from 
the Maine Medical College with the class of 
1899. He began the practice of his profession 
in Fryeburg, Maine, soon after graduation, 
and remained there until November 15, 1904, 
when he removed to South Portland, Maine, 
where he has since resided, and where he now 
has a successful practice. He is a member 
of the Maine Medical Association, the Amer- 
ican Medical Association, and the Portland 
Medical Club. He is a member of the Bap- 
tist church at Milton, New Hampshire. Dr. 
Jordan is a Republican in politics, and has held 
several political offices. He was superintend- 
ent of schools and treasurer of the fire dis- 
trict in Fryeburg, and entered upon a term as 
city physician of South Portland the past year 
(1908). His interest in secret fraternal so- 
cieties is pronounced, and he is a brother in 
various organizations. He is a member of 
Pythagorean Lodge, No. 11, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of Fryeburg; Oriental Royal 
Arch Chapter, No. 30 ; Oriental Command- 
ery, No. 30, Knights Templar ; and Kora Tem- 
ple, Ancient Arabic Order of the Mystic 
Shrine, of Lewiston. Also Strafford Lodge, 
No. 2, Ancient Order United Workmen, Mil- 
ton, New Hampshire, and John H. Varney 
Camp No. 3, Sons of Veterans. He became 
a member of Madockawando Tribe, No. 21, 
Improved Order of Red Men, of Milton, New 
Hampshire. After moving to Fryeburg he 
organized Sabattis Tribe, No. 47, and after 
passing through the chairs was elected to an 
office in the Great Council of Maine ; afterward 
was elected great sachem of the Reservation of 
Maine, serving in 1905-06, and for four years 
])ast has been representative to the Great 
Council of the United States. 

Dr. Jordan married (first) in Farmington, 
New Hampshire, June 2, 1886, Sadie S. 
Pinkham. who died October 5, 1903, daughter 
of William H. H. and Sarah (Pinkham) 
Pinkham, of Milton, New Hampshire. He 
married (second) June 27, 1907, Grace E. 
Wilson, of New Bedford, Massachusetts, who 
was born January 20, 1877, daughter of 
Thurston and Amelia Josephine (Packard) 
Wilson, the former of whom was born Jan- 
uary 25, 1837, and died January i, 1885; the 
latter was born September 14, 1847. Their 
children were: Mary Sherman; Henry P., 
married Carrie S. Hardy; and Grace E. Dr. 
Jordan has no children. 



STATE OF MAINE. 



127 



The name <>{ Williams is of 
Wll T.IAMS ancient Welsh origin, and 

has became one of the most 
prolific names in Great Britain and America. 
In Wales it was formerly Ap Williams, and 
it is worthy of note that Morgan ap Williams, 
of Glamorganshire, gentleman, married a sis- 
ter of Lord Thomas Cromwell, afterward Earl 
of Essex, who was an ancestor of the famous 
Puritan reformer, Oliver Cromwell. 

(I) Thomas Williams, the fir^t American 
ancestor of this line, came from England, h'cb- 
niary 18, 1717, "when gooseberries were in 
blow," and reached Boston, April 17, 1717, 
"when the snow was very deep." He prob- 
ably (lied at Bath, Maine, but the e.xact date is 
not known. He was employed in teaching 
Latin in Boston, and subsequently removed to 
Maine. Thomas Williams lived at Winne- 
gance in 1729. and remaining there became the 
first permanent settler of ]^)ath. It is said that 
he was a physician, and that he often ex- 
pressed regrets at having left England. The 
name of the wife of Thomas \Villiams cannot 
be ascertained, but there were at least three 
sons, and one daughter, who married James 
Hunter, of Topsham. Thomas, one of the 
sons, married Margaret Drununond in 1746, 
and was lieutenant of the Georgetown militia 
in 1746. George, another son, signed a peti- 
tion for a new parish in Georgetown in 1753, 
which parish afterwards became the town of 
Bath. The sketch of Samuel is found in the 
succeeding paragraph. 

(II) Samuel, son of Thomas Williams, was 
born about 1730, probably in what is now 
Bath, Maine, and died in that neighborhood 
about 1800. In 1761 he bought parts of lots 
on Sebascodigan or Great Island, Harpswell ; 
and he was living at "Duck Cove" in 1799. On 
September 14, 1744, he married Mercy, daugh- 
ter of Anthony and Mercy (Hodgkius) 
Coombs, of Brunswick. Anthony Coombs was 
originally from Gloucester, Massachusetts, and 
migrated to Falmouth, and thence to New 
Meadows, Brunswick, in 1739. Mrs. Mercy 
(Coombs) Williams died in Thomaston, 
Maine, in September, 1824, aged ninety-four 
years. Samuel and Mercy (Coombs) Wil- 
liams had five sons: Samuel (2), who lived 
on the Island; Benjamin, Daniel and Peter, 
who all moved to Thomaston, and George, 
whose sketch follows. The name of Samuel 
Williams occurs twice on the revolutionary 
rolls, and it is thought that both father and son 
were in the service. Samuel Williains en- 
listed June 10, 1775, and served two months 
and four days as a private in Captain James 



Curtis's company. He re-enlisted August 9, 
1775, and served five months and five days. A 
Sanniel Williams of Ilarpswelf was sergeant in 
Captain Nathaniel Larrabee's company, enlist- 
ing' Ji''y 9' '775» '""1 serving si.x montlis and 
seven' days. It is thought that these were 
father and .son. 

(III) George, son of Samuel and Mercy 
(Coombs) Williams, was born at Harpswell, 
Maine, August 3, 1777, and died at Durham, 
November I, 1853. He was a carpenter and 
farmer, and lived most of his life in Durham, 
though there was a period of about twenty 
years, ending in 1825, when he made his home 
in Lewiston. About 1800 he married Mabel, 
daughter of Noah and ^ label (Wade) Litch- 
field, of South Lewiston. She was born in 
Scituate, Massachusetts, February 29, 1780, 
and died at Durham, November i, 1S53. Her 
father, Noah Litchfield, was born in Scituate, 
January 24, 1753, and on July 9, 1778, married 
Mabel Wade, of Scituate, who was born June 
9, 1758. Noah Litchfield was the first town 
clerk of Lewiston, and died November 17, 
1827; his wife died July 12, 1838. Children of 
George and Mabel (Litchfield) Williams: i. 
Charles, .August 17, 1801, married Eleanor 
Randall. 2. Samuel, December 18, 1802, mar- 
ried Eliza F. Thomas. 3. Mary Louisa, Sep- 
tember 2, 1804. 4. Barnard, whose sketch fol- 
lows. 5. Lucinda, November 26, 1808, died 
March 13, 1810. 6. Aurelia C, August 15, 
1810, married James Jack. 7. Lucinda, Alarch 
30, 1812, married Joseph Webster. 8. Sum- 
ner George, December 20, 1813, married Ann 
Wood. 9. Elvira, November 13, 181 5, married 
Jesse Snow. 10. Mabel Jane, November 24, 
1817, married Nelson .Strout. 11. Otis, Octo- 
ber I, 1819. 12. Minerva. July 14, 1822, mar- 
ried Jeremiah Dingley (2). 13. \'esta Ann, 
November 5, 1824, married Harrison Strout. 

(IV) Barnard, third son of George and 
Mabel (Litchfield) ^^'illiams, was born Feb- 
ruary 15, 1807, at Lewiston, Maine, and died 
at Durham. When a youth he returned with 
his parents to the old home at Durham, and 
there he spent his long and useful life. He 
was a man of irreproachable character, and a 
good citizen. About 1840 he married Eliza- 
beth Augusta, daughter of Jacob (2) and Abi- 
gail (Scott) Herrick, and granddaughter of 
Rev. Jacob Herrick. of Durham. She was 
born February 9, 181 5, and died June 21, 
1864. Children: i. George Jacob, born No- 
vember II, 1842, was nine years a sailor, but 
died on land, being killed December 17, 1870, 
by being thrown from a carriage by a fright- 
ened horse. 2. Oscar Scott, July 2, 1844, 



STATE OF MAINE. 



graduated from Bowdoin College in 1870, was 
superintendent of schools in Dedham, Massa- 
chusetts, at the time of his death, October 11, 
1893; married, in 1871, Sylvia T. M. Brooks, 
daughter of Ham Brooks, of Lewiston ; left 
several children. 3. Charles Edward, whose 
sketch follows. 4. Josiah Herrick, August 4, 
1849, graduated from the Farmington Normal 
School, and while managing the homestead 
has successfully taught schools, and is now su- 
perintendent of the schools at Durham ; mar- 
ried, December 7, 1872, Edith T. Norton, of 
Matinicus, Maine: child, Ralph. 5. Elizabeth 
Augusta, December i, 1855, died April 18, 
1856. 6. Fred McClellan, January 16, 1857, 
married Ida F. Scamman, of Saco, and died at 
Lynn, Massachusetts, November 19, 1897, 
leaving no children. 

(V) Charles Edward, third son of Barnard 
and Elizabeth A. (Herrick) Williams, was 
graduated from the Farmington Normal 
school and taught several years. He studied 
medicine at Bowdoin College, and two years in 
a New York hospital, and has practiced at Au- 
burn, Maine, for some years. On Alarch 3, 
1872, he married Emma J. Harlow, of Liver- 
more Falls. They have two children, Ethel 
Elizabeth, married to Dr. Archer Jordan, of 
Auburn, October 16, 1902 (see Jordan, VIII) ; 
Edward. 



Colonel William. Beale, progenitor, 
BEAL first appears at York, Maine, as 

early as 1653. He was from Lon- 
don, a partner in the firm of John Beex & 
Company. To this company Richard Leader 
sold his saw mills at Piscataqua, CJctober 5, 
1653, a quarter to John Beex, of London, Eng- 
land, merchant ; a quarter to Richardson, Lon- 
don, ironmonger; and a quarter (an eighth 
each) to Colonel William Beale and Captain 
Thomas Alderne. The other quarter he sold 
to Beex, Hutchinson and Alderne, February 
14, 1655. (See York Deeds, folio 73-40.) 
Beale seems to have lived at York for a time, 
though we know little or nothing more about 
him. He was succeeded evidently by his son 
Arthur, mentioned below. 

(II) Arthur Eieal, son of Colonel William 
Beale, was born in London about 1620 and 
came to York, Maine, 1655. .^t an early date 
an entrance to York river was known as Beal's 
Neck. Arthur Beal bought a tract of land on 
York river near the harbor, by deed, dated 
November 9, 1674, near his other property. 
He was a fisherman by trade and owned a fish- 
ing shallop of six or seven tons burden, June 
4, 1667, when he, Richard White and Manner- 



ing (or ]\Iainwaring) Hilton, all of York, 
mortgaged their real estate and personal prop- 
erty to Francis Johnson, of Boston, for the 
sum of ninety-nine pounds, which was to be 
paid in fish, oil, mackerel or staves (barrel 
staves). He signed with a mark that was very 
like a capital "D." His son Arthur used for 
his mark the capital letters "A" and "B'' joined 
in a monograph, and through this difference in 
the signatures we are able to distinguish the 
records of the two men. A bond dated No- 
vember 10, 1674, from Arthur Beale "Sr." 
indicates that the son was then of age. This 
bond was for fifty pounds for the purchase of 
a tract of land, to be paid for ten pounds in 
each year from 1675 to 1679. The Johnson 
mortgage was discharged December 26, 1682. 
Children: i. Arthur, mentioned below. 2. 
William, mentioned below. 

(Ill) Arthur (2), son of Arthur Beal. was 
born about 1650 probably at York, Maine. For 
many years he was a prominent man at York 
and owned much property about the mouth of 

the York river. He married Anne , 

who was probably a Hilton. William Hilton 
calls Beal a "brother" when deeding March 5, 
1 681, land granted him by the town on the 
south side of the York river. Of course. Hil- 
ton's wife may have been Beal's sister. Beal 
deeded land .\pril 6, 1683, twenty-one acres 
at Brave-boat harbor near the bridge, a town 
grant from York. Beal and Hilton deeded 
three acres of land on the York river, January 

16, 1698, to Daniel Black. According to a 
mortgage dated December i, 1699, to William 
Pepperell, Beal lived on the south side of the 
York river by the harbor mouth. Beal deeded 
land to his only son Edward February 27, 
1 701 (York Deeds vii. folio 64) and finally all 
his lands at York including homestead April 

17, 171 1, shortly before his death (York Deeds 
vii, folio 194). He deeded ten acres of land 
to William Pearse, and wife Mary, his daugh- 
ter, January 18, 171 1, and to Elishua Ailing 
and his wife Elizabeth, another daughter (vii, 
folio 219). His will was dated December i, 
1699, proved C)ctober 2, 171 1, and the inven- 
tory filed September 3, 171 1. He mentions Ed- 
ward by name and other children. Children : 
I. Edward, mentioned below. 2. Elizabeth, 
married Elishua (or Elisha) Allen (or Ailing). 
3. Mary, married William Pearse. 

(Ill) \\'ilUam (2). son of Arthur ( 1) Deal, 
as shown by the land in his possession along- 
side Arthur's on the south side of York river, 
was born about 1660-65. He married Jane 
Trafton. daughter of Thomas Trafton, ofYork, 
and sister of Zaccheus, Joseph and Thomas 



STATE OF MAINE. 



129 



Trafldii. I Ic must have li-fl York at the time 
of King PhiHp's war and probably took refuge 
at [i)s\vich, wliere his son ( Jbadiah remained. 
This family may be related to William Beal, 
of Marblchead, who had a .somewhat numerous 
posterity. He returned to York and when his 
son William was of age, November 8, 17 17, 
deeded to him ten acres on the northwest side 
of the lot on Fulling Mill brook extending to 
the Kittery line. Like all the others of the 
family mentioned above, who.sc signatures 
were found, he used a characteristic mark. In 
1 718 his son Obadiah was of Ipswich, but he 
deeded him ten acres at Fulling !\lill brook 
extending to the Kittery bounds in York, Oc- 
tober II, 1718. William and his wife Jane 
deeded a seventh jiart of a tract on York river, 
originally granted to his wife's family. Trafton, 
adjoining Edwanl I'.eal's land (formerly his 
father's.) A deed dated April 13, 1722, William 
Beal to Zaccheus Trafton, states the relation- 
ship to the Traftons. Another seventh of this 
Trafton estate William Beal bought March 31. 
1724. It adjoined the old Arthur Beal estate 
and extended to the Kittery line, and was 
some of the land deeded to his sons. Children : 
I. William, was of age in 1717. deeded land to 
Francis Carman, who married Abishag, sister 
of Beal. 2. Abishag, married Francis Car- 
man 3. Zaccheus, lived in Kittery in 1719. 
4. Obadiah. removed from Ipswich, Massachu- 
setts, to York, about 1720; he was in Ipswich 
in 1718, when his father gave him a lot of land 
in York and was of York when he and his 
wife Mary deeded this lot. November 4, 1726, 
to his sister Mary. 5. Mary, spinster, in 1726. 
(IV) Edward, only son of Arthur (2) Beal, 
was born in York or some town in which the 
family took refuge during the war, about 1675. 
The property he received from his father is 
mentioned above. He had a grant from the 
town of York, May i, 1695. laid out January 
19, 1699-1700, sold thirty acres on York river 
from this grant April 29, 1703, to Samuel Don- 
nell. Beal married, before 1703, Elizabeth 

• . He mortgaged land to William Pep- 

perell in 1713 and the mortgage was dis- 
charged April 2, 1718. Beal bought twenty 
acres on the border of Godfrey pond, January 
26. 171 7. He sold one hundred and forty-four 
acres of land at Beal's Neck, at the entrance of 
York river, January 31, 1 71 7- 18. This was 
near Beal's home, as stated in the deed. Ed- 
ward mortgaged his lands again in 1721-22. 
He and his wife deed a house lot of six acres 
on York river to their son Manerin (Mainwar- 
ing, named for Mainwaring Hilton, mentioned 
above). Children of Edward and Elizabeth: 



I . Nicholas, given a Iiouse lot by parents I-'eb- 
ruary 7, 1728, southwest side of York river 
adjoining the homestead. 2. Mainwaring, a 
mariner, born about 1700, bought land of Kent 
& Swett in York, June i, 1724, and received as 
a gift from parents I-'ebruary 27, 1727-28. ad- 
joining land given by his father to Stephen 
Greenleaf. 3. Wife of Stephen Greenleaf. 

The family became well entrenched in 
York antl York county. Jn the revolutionary 
war there enlisted from York alone Zachariah 
Beal, Josiah Beal, Joseph Beal, Joshua I5eal 
and iMatthias Beal, while to the adjoining town 
of Kittery was credited Henry and Joseph 
Beal, who probably resided near the line on 
the old I'eal place. 

(\') Zebulon Beal, grandson of one of these 
mentioned above, was born in York, July 29, 
1754. He removed to Sanford, Maine, where 
he purchased land and carried on a farm. He 
married, October 20, 1781, Lucy Boston, born 
July 4, 1760, died November 27, 1841. He 
died in .Sanford, January 26, 1843. Children: 
Benjamin, mentioned below ; Thomas, Wood- 
man, Olive. 

(VT) Benjamin, son of Zebulon Beal, was 
born in Sanford, August 16, 1783, died there 
February 6, 1866. He was a farmer and a 
brickmason by trade. He was a deacon in the 
Baptist church. He .served in the war of 1812. 
He married, 1807, Olive Hobbs, born April 28, 
1788, died July 21, 1858. daughter of Siieldon 
and Ruth (Stilling) Hobbs, of Sanford, for- 
merly of Berwick. Her father was a soldier in 
the revolution, and marched from Kittery 
when a boy with Captain Ford's company No- 
vember 5, 1775, and later was on the commit- 
tee of safety in the war of 1812. He was son 
of Thomas Jr. and Mary (Abbott) Hobbs. 
Thomas Hobbs was also a soldier in the revo- 
lution, a town officer of Berwick for many 
years and an extensive land owner. He was 
son of Thomas Hobbs, of Dover, who later 
moved to Berwick, and Elizabeth Morrell 
Hobbs. Children of Benjamin and Olive Beal : 
I. Sheldon Hobbs, born January 13, 1808, 
mentioned below. 2. Susan P. 3. Harrison. 
4. Theodate. 5. Horace, born May 15, 1819, a 
mason by trade ; married Phebe Plummer. 6. 
Benjamin. 

(\'II) Sheldon Hobbs, son of Benjamin 
Beal, was born in Sanford, January 13, 1808, 
died in Avon, Maine, January 10, 1875. He 
received his education in the schools of his 
native town. About 1832, with his wife and 
two children, he removed to Avon and pur- 
chased one hundred and sixty acres of land in 
that part of Avon known as Mile Square. He 



I30 



STATE OF MAINE. 



settled here and engaged in farming the re- 
mainder of his Hfe. He married (first) in 

1827, Tabitha Butler, born December 19, 1810, 
died April 24, 1855, daughter of Nathaniel and 
Tabitha (Joy) Butler. (See Butler family 
herewith.) He married (second) November 
16, 1856, -Vnna Winship, of Phillips, i\Iaine. 
Children of first wife: i. Nathaniel Butler, 
bom March 7, 1828, mentioned below. 2. Wil- 
son Concord, May 8, 1830. 3. Horace, born 
in Avon, March 13, 1832. 4. Lewis, June 13, 
1834. 5. Bradford, August 4, 1836. 6. Shel- 
don Hobbs Jr., July 12, 1839, died June 17, 
1842. 7. Lura, January 5, 1842. 8. \'elora, 
November 8, 1849. 9- E'dora, July 9, 1851. 
Children of second wife: 10. Daughter, Feb- 
ruary 14, 1858, died the same month. 1 1. Ben- 
jamin Franklin, June 21, 1859. 12. Albana 
Monteze, .Vugust 23, 1861. 13. Eulalia, Au- 
gust 6, 1863, died May 17, 1889. 

(\''in) Nathaniel Butler, son of Sheldon 
Hobbs Beal, was born in Sanford, March 7, 

1828, died March 28, 1899. He was brought 
up on his father's farm in Avon, whither they 
had moved when he was but three years old. 
When Nathaniel B. was ten years old he vis- 
ited a neighboring farmer, who gave him a 
sack of apple pomace left from making cider. 
This pomace the boy carried home, a distance 
of four miles, and sowed the apple seed start- 
ing an apple orchard which proved a valuable 
and productive orchard in later years. At the 
age of twelve he went to work for a neighbor, 
John Wilbur, taking entire charge of his farm, 
and for a year doing the work of a man. He 
went to the public schools winters, being 
obliged to rise at four o'clock in the morning to 
do the work, and then walk a mile to the school 
house. He early formed the habit of total 
abstinence, rather unusual at that time, nml 
never partook of liquor or tobacco during his 
life. At the age of nineteen he was employed 
by Deacon Oren Robbins, of Phillips Village, 
in his grist mill. Soon after his marriage he 
started in business for himself as a trader in 
general merchandise in Phillips Village. His 
health, however, coinpelled him to seek out- 
door employment, and he went into the cattle 
business, becoming a drover. During the civil 
war and for many years afterward he helped to 
supply the Boston market with beef. He was 
active in the building up of the town of Phil- 
lips, was one of its selectmen, holding the 
office for many years, and was deputy sheriff 
of the county. He was twice drafted for ser- 
vice in the civil war, but was unable to pass 
the physical examination, and was thus pre- 
vented from serving in the army. He was 



instrumental in the forming of the Phillips 
Savings Bank and the Union National Bank, 
of which in 1875 he became president, and so 
remained until its charter e.xpired in 1895. A 
year before the expiration of the charter a 
new bank was formed, the Phillips National 
Bank, and Mr. Beal was made its first presi- 
dent, retaining that office for twenty years. He 
was for many years a trustee of the Savings 
Bank. In 1879 h^ was one of the builders of 
the Sandy River railroad, and one of its first 
presidents, holding the office until 1892. Dur- 
ing the latter part of the time he was its su- 
perintendent also, and to him the successful 
construction is chiefly due. In politics he vvas 
always a Democrat, a leader of his party in die 
northern part of Franklin county, though he 
was a believer in protection and sound money. 
He was twice nominated as representative to 
the general court, and once as senator and 
judge: but though he ran far ahead of his 
ticket, the district being strongly Republican, 
he was defeated. At one time, during tlie days 
of the Greenback party, three brothers were 
nominated from the same district on as many 
tickets, Nathaniel B. being the Democratic 
nominee, Wilson C. the Republican, and Brad- 
ford the Greenback. Wilson received the elec- 
tion. He was very fond of music, and sang in 
the choir of the Free Will Baptist church for 
forty years, being also chorister many years. 
In religious belief he was a Universalist. 

He married, in 1849, iMary Robbins, daugh- 
ter of Deacon Orren and Mary (Huntoon) 
Robbins, of Phillips. She was born Novem- 
ber 25, 1828, died May 9, 1902. Through her 
father's family, she was granddaughter of Me- 
hitable ( Ladd ) Robbins, who was descended 
from Daniel Ladd, the immigrant, who came 
from London in the ship "Mary and John," 
sailing January 30, 1633, and settled first in 
Ipswich, Massaclnisetts, and later was one of 
the twelve original founders of Haverhill, Mas- 
sachusetts. The Ladds can be traced to the 
Earls of Ladd in Norway, .\. D. 861. (See 
Chase's History of Haverhill.) They married 
into the royal families of Norway, Sweden and 
Denmark. One of them married Estrith, 
daughter of King Sweyn, of Denmark, and 
came with his brother-in-law, the Danish 
King Canute, to England, and there settled in 
county Kent. (See Pelton Genealogy, Went- 
worth Genealogy, Ladd Family, Thomas But- 
ler and his Descendants, Huntoon Genealogy, 
Keary's History of Norway and the Norwe- 
gians, etc.) yiary (Robbins) Beal's mother 
was granddaughter of Jonathan Huntoon, who 
was horn in 1756, and married Hannah Chase, 




7C Jra/4ance/^u//,, .^.v./ 



STATK OF MAIXI':. 



13' 



July S, 17S1. He served all llirougli the revo- 
liitiniiary war and dieil at Wiscasset,. October 
1*^'. '^3.?- 11^ ^^'^^ •'"0" °^ Samuel and Man- 
iiah (Ladd) Huntoon. Samuel lluntoon was 
horn at Kingston, New Hampshire, June 18, 
1718, and died at Nottingham, New Hamp- 
shire, in May, 1796. He married, May 26, 
I74_', Hannaii Ladd, daughter of Daniel and 
Mehitable (Philbrick) Ladd. He was a sol- 
dier in Captain BuUard's company. Colonel 
James Frey's regiment in 1773: he was son of 
John and Mary (Rundlet) Huntoon; married 
about 1716. John Huntoon died December 8, 
1778, and was son of Philip Huntoon, the im- 
migrant, who married Betsey Hall, of Exeter, 
New Hampshire, in 1687. Philip Huntoon 
was born about 1660 and died in Kingston. 
iMay 10, 1752. Mary (Robbins) Beal was 
also' a granddaughter of Polly ( I'elton ) Hun- 
toon. whose father, Joel Pelton, was born No- 
vember 5, 1753, in Somers. Connecticut. He 
served all through the revolution ; was in Cap- 
tain Clark's company. Colonel Obadiah John- 
son's regiment of militia ; also in Captain Brig- 
ham's company, in the tifth regiment Connecti- 
cut Line under Colonel Isaac Sherman. He 
was one of the body guard of General Wash- 
ington and spent the winter at X'alley Forge 
and was present at the surrender of York- 
town. He married, 1791, Anna Cotter, daugh- 
ter of Timothy Cotter, of Whitefield, Maine, 
and died in Madrid, Maine, March 7, 1856, 
aged one hundrel and three years. He was de- 
scended from John Pelton, the immigrant, who 
came to Boston in 1630. Children of Na- 
thaniel B. and Mary Beal: i. Fred Marshall, 
born April 24, 1855. '''^"^ January 12, 1857. 2. 
Minnie Geneva, May 20, 1858, married June 
28, 1880, J. Watson Smith : resides at St. Paul, 
Minnesota; had children, Harold Beal and 
Mary Nathalie Smith. 3. Fred Nathaniel, 
mentioned below. 

(IX) Fred Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel B. 
Beal, was born in Phillips, Maine, April 14, 
i860. He was educated in the public schools 
of his native town. At the age of eighteen he 
began his career as a railroad man, as express 
messenger on the Sandy River railroad, Maine, 
became conductor, then assistant superintend- 
ent, later superintendent, and is now general 
passenger and freight agent of the consoli- 
dated lines, which comprised six companies 
now known as the Sandy River and Raiigeley 
Lakes railroad. He resides in Phillips and is 
treasurer of the Phillips Building Company 
and president of the Phillips Hotel Company. 
He is a Republican in politics and in religion 



a L'niversalist. lie is a member ot Blue Moun- 
tain Lodge. No. 67, .Ancient I'ree and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of Phillips. He married, March 
I, 1855, F.lla Fslher Harvey, born May 31, 
1863, died June 15, 1893, daughter of B. B. 
Harvey, of .Strong, Maine. Children, born at 
Phillips: I. Hermia, July 29, 1889. 2. Ella 
Esther, May 2, 1893. 



The Butler familv is descended 
BCTLER from the ninth 'Duke of Or- 
mond. The Dukes of Ormond 
were created under Edward HI of England, 
and placed over the county Palatine of Or- 
mond, Tipperary, Irelaiifl. They were sent 
from England to Ireland by Henry II of Eng- 
land in 1 172. They were also stationed there 
under King John. They originally came to 
England with William the Conqueror, from 
(ilanville. near Caen. France. (See .American 
Family Genealogy, p. 31 ; also Thomas Butler 
and his Descendants, p. 20 and 21 ; also vol- 
ume for 1848, N. E. G. & A. R. P. 355.) 

(I) Thomas Butler settled in Berwick, 
Maine, about 1690. He was the fourth son 
of the ninth Duke of Ormond. He had a son 
Moses, mentioned below. 

(II) Moses, son of Thomas Butler, resided 
in Berwick. In 1740 he was in command of 
a company as captain, and in 1744 recruited 
the Seventh Company of the First Massachu- 
setts Regiment, which he commanded during 
the siege and capture of Louisburg, July 4, 
1745. He was also at the siege of Quebec in 
1734. He had a son Thomas, mentioned be- 
low. 

(HI) Thomas, son of Moses Butler, was an 
ofBcer in the revolution in Captain Ebenezer 
Sullivan's company. Colonel Scammon's regi- 
ment, stationed at Cambridge and vicinity in 
1775. He had a son Nathaniel, mentioned be- 
low. 

(IV) Nathaniel, son of Thomas Butler, 
served in the revolution when a boy. He mar- 
ried Mercy Wentworth, a lineal descendant of 
Elder William Wentworth, who came from 
Alford, Lincolnshire, England, to Exeter, New 
Hampshire, in 1639. Elder William Went- 
worth was the twenty-first descendant of Regi- 
nald Wentworth, who was the proprietor of 
the Lordship of Wentworth, of Strafford, in 
the west of Yorkshire, in the parish of Wath- 
upon-Dearn, nine miles from Sheffield, and 
thirteen miles from Doncastcr. and who was 
living there when William the Conqueror came 
to England in 1066. Nathaniel Butler had a 
son Nathaniel, mentioned below. 



132 



STATE OF MAINE. 



(Vj Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel (ij 
Butler, married Tabitha Joy. He had a daugh- 
ter Tabitha, who married Sheldon Hobbs Beal. 
(See Beal family herewith.) 

William, Count Tank- 

CHAMBERLAIN erville, of Tankerville 
Castle in Normandy, 
who came to England with William the Con- 
queror, was the progenitor of the Chamberlain 
family in England. He himself returned to 
Norrnandy, but his descendants remained in 
England on the land granted to them. 

(H) John De Tankerville, son of the for- 
mer earl, was lord chamberlain to King Henry 
I, and assumed his title as a surname. (Hi) 
Richard, son of John, was also chamberlain 
to King Stephen, and the surname Chamber- 
lain has since his day been that of his family. 
(IV) William Chamberlain was son of Rich- 
ard (3). (V) Robert Chamberlain was son 
of William (4). (VI) Sir Richard Chamber- 
lain was son of Robert (5). (Vll) Sir Rob- 
ert Chamberlain was son of Richard (6). The 
line continues: Sir Richard (VIII), John 
(IX), Thomas (X), John (XI), William 
Chamberlain (XII). The American family 
of which William Chamberlain was the immi- 
grant ancestor, doubtless belongs to this fam- 
ily, though the line of ancestry is not traced. 
The Chamberlain coat-of-arms : Gules, an 
escutcheon argent between eight muUers in 
orle, or. Quartering : Gules a chevron be- 
tween three escallops or. Motto : Virtuti 
nihil invium. Seat : Dunstew in Oxfordshire, 
England. 

(I) William Chamberlain, immigrant an- 
cestor of General Robert Horace Chamber- 
lain, of Worcester, was born in England about 
1620. His brother Thomas was one of the 
three original purchasers of the Dudley farm 
at Billerica, but he settled at Chelmsford, 
Massachusetts. Another brother, Edmund, 
settled first in Woburn, then removed to 
Chelmsford before 1656, when he sold land 
at Billerica. Savage said that Edmund finally 
settled in Woodstock. 

William Chamberlain was admitted an in- 
habitant of Woburn, January 6, 1648, and per- 
mitted to buy land there. He removed to 
Billerica in 1654, about the time his brothers 
left that town, and spent the remainder of his 
life there. He died May 31, 1706, aged 
eighty-six years. His house in Sliawshin 
(Billerica) was on the farm, probably near 
the Woburn road, in tlie southwest part of the 
village. His name first appears on the records 
October, 1654, on a petition to enlarge the 



bounds of the town and to change the name 
to Billerica (Billerikey in original paper). A 
little later, when the committee on militia or- 
dered Sergeant Hills's house to be a garrison, 
William Chamberlain's family was one of 
those assigned to it. He married Rebecca 

, who died September 26, 1692, in the 

prison at Cambridge, where she was held on 
the preposterous charge of witchcraft. Chil- 
dren : Timothy, born at Concord, Alassachu- 
setts, August 13, 1649-50; Isaac, born at Con- 
cord, October i, 1650, died July 20, 1681 ; 
John, died March 3, 1652; Sarah, born at Bil- 
lerica, May 20, 1655-56, married John Shedd; 
Jacob, born January 18, 1657-58, see forward; 
and these also at Billerica : Thomas, born 
February 20, 1659; Edmund, July 15, 1660, 
married Mary Abbott; Rebecca, February 25, 
1662, married Thomas Stearns; Abraham, 
January 6, 1664; Ann, March 3, 1665-66; 
Clement, May 30, 1669; Daniel, September 
27, 1671 ; Isaac, January 20, 1681. 

(II) Jacob, son of William Chamberlain, 
was born in Billerica, JMassachusetts, Janu- 
ary 18, 1657-58. He married Experience 
. Children: I. Jacob, born at New- 
ton, Massachusetts, 1691 ; died 1771. 2. John, 
born 1695, at Charlestown, Massachusetts; 
died 1783. 3. William, born 1697, at Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts ; mentioned Ijelow. 4. 
Jason, born at Holliston, Massachusetts, 1701 ; 
died 1770. 5. Ebenezer, born at West- 
borough, Massachusetts, 1704; ancestor of 
Westborough and Worcester families, as was 
also Jacob, his brother. 

(III) William (2), son of Jacob Chamber- 
Iain, was born in 1697, at Cambridge; died 
at Rochester, New Hampshire, in 1753. He 
married, in 1719, Mary Tibbctts. They lived 
at Rochester and Alton, New Hampshire. 
Children, all but the two youngest born at 
Rochester, and they at Alton: i. Mary, 1720. 
2. Rebecca, 1722; died 1815. 3. William, 
1725; died at Lebanon, I\Iaine, 1815. 4. Ex- 
perience, 1727. 5. Ebenezer, 1729; mentioned 
below. 6. Dorothy, died 1825. 7. Anna, born 
1733. 8. Samuel, 1735 ; died 1809. 9. Jacob, 
1738; died 1815. 10. Ephraim, 1741 ; died 
1814. 

(IV) Ebenezer Chamberlain, son of Wil- 
liam (2) Chamberlain, was born in 1729; bap- 
tized at Dover, New Hampshire ; lived at Cen- 
ter Harbor, New Hampshire. He was a sol- 
dier in the colonial wars and also in the revo- 
lution. His sons Jonathan and Daniel were 
also revolutionary soldiers. He married, 1752, 

Lucretia . Children: i. Susan, born 

at Center Harbor or Rochester, in 1753. 2. 





'A^A-^L-a, 



^ dO 




i-K^ 



STATE OF MAINE. 



KM 



Ebenczer, 1755. 3. Ephiaim, 1757. 4. Jona- 
than, 1759. 5. Daniel, 1762. 6. John, 1768. 
7. Josliua, mentioned below. 

(V) Colonel Joshua Chamberlain, born in 
1770, went from Danvers or Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, to Orrington, Maine, about 1799, 
where he engaged in shipbuilding, and pros- 
pered in this business until in the war of 1812 
the English forces ascending the Penobscot 
river destroyed two of his ships — one lying at 
the dock and another on the stocks. Not able 
to recover his shattered fortunes here, he re- 
moved in 1 81 7 to what is now Brewer, six 
miles further up the river, where he took up a 
large farm, and with his sons interested him- 
self again to some degree in shipbuilding. His 
home was about half a mile above the toll 
bridge, where he died January 23, 1857, aged 
eighty-six years. He was a gentleman of the 
old school, a man of note, and colonel of a 
regiment of militia in the war with England, 
and for some time in command of the post at 
Plastport, Maine. He married Ann Gould, of 
Danvers, Massachusetts. She died February 
19, 1831, aged sixty-eight years. Children: 
Amelia, Anna P. (died young), Thomas 
Gould (also died young), Anna, Joshua, Jef- 
ferson, Ebenezer i\I., John Q. A., and El- 
bridge Gerry. 

(VI) Joshua (2), second .son of Colonel 
Joshua (i) and Ann (Gould) Chamberlain, 
was born in Orrington, September 24. 1800, 
and died August 10, 1880. He was a 
man of much strength of character. He 
resided in P.rewer, where he was a lead- 
ing citizen in both civil and military mat- 
ters. He was county commissioner, lieu- 
tenant-colonel in the militia, and held other 
offices. He married, October, 1827, Sarah 
Dupee, daughter of Billings and Lydia (Du- 
pee) Brastow, of Holden. She was born Au- 
gust 23, 1803, and died November 5, 1888, 
aged eighty-five. She was descended from 
Jean Dupuis (i), born about 1660, who came 
from La Rochelle, France, to Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1685; Charles (2), second son of 
Jean, born 1695, and served in the colonial 
wars: Charles (3) Dupee, third son of Charles 
Dupuis, born 1735, served in the revolution, 
and in the army lists of that war the spelling 
of the name was changed to the present form : 
Lydia (4), fourth daughter of Charles, bom 
1770, married Billings Brastow. Children of 
Joshua (2) Chamberlain: i. Joshua L., men- 
tioned below. 2. Horace B., born November 
14, 1834, died December 7, 1861 ; graduated 
with honor from Bowdoin College in 1857, 
and made a brilliant opening in Bangor as a 



lawyer; married, May 11, 1859, Mary A. 
Wheeler, of Bangor. 3. Sarah B., born No- 
vember 2, 1836, married July 14, 1867, 
Charles O. Farrington, a merchant of Brewer ; 
their children are Alice M. and Dana C. 
Farrington. 4. John Calhoun, born Au- 
gust I, 1838, died at Castine, August 11, 1867, 
of disease contracted while in the arrny; 
graduated from Bowdoin College in 1859, and 
from Bangor Theological Seminary in 1864; 
was in service of the Christian Commission, 
and chaplain of Eleventh \'olunteers in the 
civil war. He married, September 13, 1866, 
Delia F., daughter of John H. Jarvis, of Cas- 
tine, later of Bangor. 5. Thomas Davee, April 
29, 1 84 1, was a soldier in the civil war, serv- 
ing with great distinction, in the line and on 
the stafif, rising to the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel and colonel U. S. V. He married, De- 
cember 13, 1871, Delia F. Chamberlain, widow 
of his brother John ; resided in New York and 
afterward in I5angor, where he died .August 
12, 1896. 

(VII) Governor Joshua L., eldest child of 
Joshua (2) and Sarah Dupee (Brastow) 
Chamberlain, was born in Brewer, September 
8, 1828. He received his early education in 
the public schools of the town and later in 
Major Whiting's military academy at Ells- 
worth, Maine, where he prepared for West 
Point. In 1848. however, he entered Bowdoin 
and graduated from that college in 1852 with 
highest honors. He then entered Bangor The- 
ological Seminary, where in addition to the 
studies of the regular course, he gave earnest 
attention to the Arabic and other oriental 
languages. During his last year here he re- 
ceived calls to several important churches : but 
on graduating he was immediately called to 
Bowdoin College as special instructor in some 
of the studies of the department of natural 
and revealed religion. The next year he was 
elected professor of rhetoric and oratory, and 
the year after, having been relieved of some 
of the duties of this chair, he was appointed 
also instructor in the French and German 
languages, which service he continued for two 
years, when he was elected professor of the 
Alodem Languages of Europe. In July, 1862, 
he received leave of absence from the college 
for two years in order to prosecute his studies 
in Europe, but the war of secession being now 
serious and a call coming from the President 
for more troops, he immediately tendered his 
services to Governor Washburn for anv mili- 
tary duty for which he might be thought cap- 
able. This was strenuously combatted bv his 
colleagues in the college faculty, who carried 



134 



STATE OF MAINE. 



their opposition to the length of a formal pro- 
test. He was offered the colonelcy of a regi- 
ment about to be formed ; bnt deeming it wiser 
first to serve under some officer of the regular 
army, he accepted the appointment of lieuten- 
ant-colonel of the Twentieth Maine infantry, 
then being organized, of which Adalbert Ames, 
of the regular artillery, was to be colonel. He 
.entered at once upon the organization of this 
regiment, receiving his commission on the 8th 
of August, 1862, and devoting himself to the 
study and practice of his duties, he completed 
the organization of the- regiment of a thousand 
men, and on the 29th of that month, it was 
mustered into the United States service for 
three years or during the war. The command 
now turned over to Colonel Ames, he as- 
sumed his place as lieutenant-colonel, and in 
that capacity left witli the regiment on the 
next day for the seat of war. 

The regiment was assigned to Butterfield's 
famous Light Brigade, Morell's Division, 
Porter's Fifth Corps, Army of the Potomac, 
and immediately entered upon the severe ex- 
periences of the Maryland campaign. On the 
forced march to South Mountain and to the 
Antietam battle-field, all the qunlities of manly 
endurance and pride were called into exercise. 
During that battle the regiment occupied sup- 
porting positions and made movements of im- 
portance under fire, but was not actively en- 
gaged. On September 20 a heavy reconnais- 
sance was made across Shepardstown ford of 
the Potomac in pursuit of Lee's retreating 
army. Here first the regiment sharply en- 
gaged the enemy. This was a serious afifair, 
and Colonel Chamberlain bore a conspicuous 
part, being especially complimented for his 
courage and coolness in steadying the troops 
of the brigade through the treacherous ford 
and under heavy fire in the repulse which 
followed the overwhelming attack of Lee's 
rear guard of Hill's Corps. The regiment 
was held on the Antietam battle-field for more 
than six weeks, guarding the fords of the 
upper Potomac. This led to new experiences 
— especially in the line of reconnaissance and 
outpost duty, in all of which Colonel Cham- 
berlain took an active part. This encampment 
on the Antietam, owing to the exhalations and 
drainage from the battle-field, brought dire 
disease upon the men, more than three hun- 
dred being in the hospital with typhoid ma- 
larial fever, and severe losses befalling the 
regiment both among officers and men. This 
opened a new field for duties of superior and 
commanding officers — study and practice in 
the care of men. 



Early in November the regiment rejoined 
the main army near Warrenton Junction, Vir- 
ginia, and from that time actively participated 
in all the movements, skirmishes and camp- 
making, until the battle of Fredericksburg,. 
December 13. Here Colonel Chamberlain had 
experiences of the most severe and testing 
kind, the closing of which was the withdraw- 
ing of his regiment from the advance front 
line, by night, across the whole depth of the 
battle-field, and over the last pontoon bridge 
left for the recrossing of our discomfited army. 
He had an active part in all the movements of 
that winter, including the notorious "Mud 
March" and its sequel. During this winter 
he devoted himself assiduously to the study 
of his duties, having the advantage of the cir- 
cumstance that all his superiors in command 
and many of his own rank were graduates of 
West Point. He induced the younger of them 
to hold an evening "school of review" in which 
all the points pertaining to active duties in the 
field were carefully gone over. There was 
no better scholar than Colonel Chamberlain. 

At the opening of the Chancellorsville cam- 
paign, the regiment having been inoculated 
with smallpox by some misconduct in the 
medical department, and being sequestered 
and put into a quarantine camp by itself. Col- 
onel Ames, having been detached as aide on 
the staff of the corps commander. General 
Meade, left the regiment so situated in com- 
mand of Colonel Chamberlain. He immedi- 
ately rode to general headquarters and begged 
to have his regiment given some place at the 
front, his final plea being "if we can't do any- 
thing else, we can give the rebels the small- 
pox !" This struck the fancy of General 
Hooker, and at midnight he received a dis- 
patch from General Rutterfield. chief of staff, 
directing him to be at Banks's and United 
States fords at daylight to take charge of the 
signal and telegraph lines from headquarters 
to the several stations on the field of battle, 
with instructions to put to death any who 
attempted to disturb communications. While 
in discharge of duty on the following day he 
took occasion to join in a charge then being 
made by his Division, in which his horse was 
wounded under him. On the night of the 
withdrawal he worked on the pontoon bridges 
which were broken up by the freshet, and 
after all our troops had left that vicinity he 
withdrew his command — the last on the 
ground. From this time on his history is part 
of that of the Army of the Potomac. The 
mere outline of it would exceed the limits al- 
lotted here. His inherited military aptitude, 



STATE OF MAIN']'. 



135 



strengthened hy early studies, now finding 
ample scope in canipaii^rnint; of tlie severe t or- 
der, brouglit him distinction and rapid pro- 
motion in command. On May 20 he was pro- 
moted colonel, and soon afterward a hundred 
and twenty men of the Second Maine Volun- 
teers were transferred to his regiment. They 
were in a state of mutiny, owing to their not 
being discharged with the original two-years 
men, and as they had openly refused to obey 
orders they were sent to Colonel Chamber- 
lain under guard of a Pennsylvania regiment 
with loaded arms and fixed bayonets, with 
orders from the corps commander to fire on 
them if they refused to do duty. Colonel 
Chamberlain immediately rode to General 
Meade and got permission to manage the men 
in his own way. He then took off all the 
guard, supplied them with proper clothing and 
food (which had not been issued to them for 
three days), and assigned them to companies, 
without giving them any specific orders what- 
ever, expecting them to be treated and behave 
like other soldiers. He found no trouble ex- 
cept in the case of one or two who were tried 
by court martial, and whose sentences he 
afterwards succeeded in having remitted. 
These men of the Second Regiment were af- 
terwards among his very best. At Gettysburg 
he was sent at the double-quick to a position 
of great importance and peril. Little Round 
Top, the extreme left of the Union lines, 
where for more than tw^o hours he withstood 
the repeated assaults of Law's brigade of 
Hood's division. His ammunition at length 
exhausted, and for the last half-hour using 
that of the rebel dead and w-ounded on the 
slope he had swept repelling the third assault, 
nearly half his men having fallen, the situa- 
tion w-as critical. A heavy force now coming 
on with confidence of crushing his little com- 
mand, he met with a bayonet charge, himself 
with the colors leading, which completely 
cleared the southern slope of Little Round 
Top, capturing four hundred prisoners — twice 
the number of his men. Returning to his ap- 
pointed position, in front of which lay one 
hundred and fifty of the enemy's dead and 
wounded, he made dispositions with some re- 
inforcements for meeting any night assault. 
At dark he received an intimntion from his 
' rigade commander that it was desirable to 
secure the heights of Great Round Top, up 
whose rugged slope the troops he had repulsed 
had taken refuge. At once he called his 
vyearied but heroic men, and with no ammuni- 
tion, with the bayonet alone, in the dense dark- 
ness pressed on to the very crest of the moun- 



tain, ca[)turing many more prisoners. Thus 
that decisive ])art of the field was secured and 
held, and Lee's plan of battle changed. For 
this heroic conduct the Twentieth Maine re- 
ceived the personal and official recognition of 
brigade, division and corps commanders, and 
Colonel Chnmberlain was warmly recom- 
mended bv all his superiors for promotion to 
the rank of brigadier-general. His action here 
was recognized by the award of the Congres- 
sional Medal of Honor, the grounds of this 
as officially stated : "For daring heroism and 
great tenacity in holding his position on Little 
Round Top, and carrying the advanced posi- 
tion on the Great Round Top, in the battle of 
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 2, 1863." The 
promotion was not made; but Colonel Cham- 
berlain was immediately placed in command 
of his brigade, his division commander, Gen- 
eral Grififin, declining to receive general ofificers 
who were sent for assignment to this brigade. 
This he devoted himself to bring to the best 
proficiency. He took an important part in 
the Culpeper and Centerville campaigns, in- 
cluding the battle of Rappahannock Station, in 
which his horse was shot under him. In No- 
vember. 1863, being worn by long and arduous 
duty, the exposure of lying out in a heavy 
snow storm one night without shelter or suffi- 
cient covering, brought -upon him a severe 
attack of congestion and fever chills, and he 
was sent in an almost unconscious state from 
Rappahannock to Washington, by the only 
means of conveyance, a returning cattle car. 
After this crisis, as soon as he was able to 
be out, he made strenuous efforts to return 
to his command ; but was detailed by the Sec- 
retary of War to serve on an important court 
martial sitting in Washington and afterwards 
in Trenton, New Jersey, where he was for 
some time detained. He obtained a release 
with much difficulty, and when the army 
crossed tlie Rapidan in May he o\ertook it 
near Spottsylvania, and finding his brigade in 
command of another, General Bartlett, he re- 
joined his regiment. In less than an hour he 
was placed in command of a "forlorn hope." 
Seven select regiments were led by him to a 
desperate charge by night on a portion of a 
position that had proved impregnable during 
the day. In this he showed great skill and 
achieved a remarkable success. From this 
time forth he held a command above his lineal 
rank and was put in positions of responsibility 
and severe tests. He had a conspicuous part 
in the battles of Cold Harbor and the North 
Anna. On June ist, 186.4, General Warren, 
commanding the corps, made up a splendid 



136 



STATE OF MAINE. 



brigade of two consolidated brigades from 
the old First Corps, and a fine new regiment 
of veterans of Pennsylvania, and assigned 
Colonel Chamberlain to command it. This 
took him quite away from his gallant old 
Twentieth Maine, whose fortunes he had 
shared in every battle except the Wilderness. 
With this veteran brigade he continued the 
campaign, crossing the James river, and on 
June 17th moved on Petersburg in advance. 
On the morning of June i8th he carried a 
strong advanced position of the enemy a mile 
beyond our main army. In order to hold this, 
he' established two batteries of artillery on the 
crest, and entrenched his lines. He was ex- 
pecting an attack here, when he received a 
verbal order through an unknown staff officer 
to assault the main line of rebel works at 
Rives's salient, then strongly manned with 
artillery and infantry, all within musket range 
of the crest he was holding. Forming his six 
regiments in double lines, he ordered a strong 
artillery fire from his gams on the crest, and 
under this he led the charge with his whole 
staff, when the terrible fire of the enemy, case- 
shot, canister and furious musketry, swept 
every one from his side, his flag-bearer was 
killed, his own horse shot under him, and his 
front line shattered. Lifting up his fallen 
flag, he led his troops almost to the enemy's 
entrenchments. At a desperate moment, 
wheeling to give a command, Colonel Cham- 
berlain was shot through the body from hip to 
hip, severing small arteries and fracturing the 
pelvic bones. Balancing himself with the point 
of his sabre, he managed not to fall until his 
men had passed him in their charge, when 
the great loss of blood brought him to the 
ground. Believing the wound to be mortal, he 
refused to be taken from the field, until all was 
fairly lost. There was no hope of his life, and 
an obituary notice was sent to the northern pa- 
pers. He was, however, carried sixteen miles 
on a stretcher and sent to Annapolis Naval 
School Hospital. General Grant, without wait- 
ing longer for the authorities to act upon previ- 
ous recommendations, promoted Colonel Cham- 
berlain on the field, to the rank of brigadier- 
general, the solitary instance in the history of 
our army. He was assured of his promotion 
before he was borne from the field, but the 
official order published to the army reached 
him after his arrival at Annapolis. The fol- 
lowing is a copy of the order : 

Headquarters Army of the U. S.. 
Special Order No. 39. June 20. 18G4. 

Col J L. Chamberlain, 20th Me. Infty Vols., for 
meritorious and efficient services on the field of battle, 
and especially for gallant conduct in leading his brigade 
against the enemy at Petersburg on the ISth Inst.. In 
which he was dangerously wounded, hereby, la pursu- 



ance of authority of the Secretary of War. is appointed 
Brigadier General U. S. Volunteers, to rank as such 
from the 18th day of June, 1864, subject to the approval 
of the President. 

U. S. Grant, Lieutenant General. 

For two months General Chamberlain lay 
at .A.nnapolis at the point of death, and at the 
end of five months, and before he could mount 
a horse or walk a hundred yards, he resumed 
command of his brigade. Its position at that 
time was on the extreme left of our front line 
before Petersburg, and the duties were unre- 
mitting and responsible. In the subsequent 
operations against the Weldon railroad. Gen- 
eral Chamberlain had an active part, being 
sent with his command to make proper dispo- 
sitions by night and to keep the enemy at 
bay along an extensive front, while the rest of 
our troops destroyed the railroad. A 
severe snow storm and sleet added to 
the severities of the operation, and on 
the last of January, 1865, his wounds 
had become so aggravated that his corps 
commander insisted on his being sent 
to Philadelphia for surgical treatment. While 
suffering under this, and without much pros- 
pect of permanent recovery, he received many 
tempting offers to leave the military service 
and accept positions in civil life. Wishing, 
however, with such strength as might be given 
him, to stand by his men and his country to 
the last, he declined these offers, stole a march 
upon his surgeons, and leaving his room for 
the first time after he had taken it, started on 
a painful journey to the front again, where he 
arrived after an absence of a month. His 
brigade now consisted of new regiments of 
veteran troops from New York and Pennsyl- 
vania, and his post was the extreme advance 
on Hatcher's Run, and in immediate contact 
with the enemy. On March 29 our great 
offensive movement commenced, and, as had 
before been confidentially announced to Gen- 
eral Chamberlain, he was to have the costly 
honor of leading the advance and opening the 
campaign. With his single brigade and a 
battery of regular artillery, he encountered 
the eiiemv onQuaker Road, their force con- 
sisting of cavalry and infantry of Johnson's 
and Anderson's commands, and in number, 
as was afterwards ascertained, five times his 
own. After a long and severe battle in which 
at different times he had both his flanks 
turned, his center broken, and lost four hun- 
dred men and eighteen officers — every one of 
his mounted officers, including his personal 
staff, being either killed or wounded, his own 
horse shot under him and himself twice pain- 
fully wounded in the breast and arm — the en- 
emy was driven from his position, which en- 



STATE OF MAINE. 



13; 



ahled the army to occupy tlic long coveted 
Roydton plaiiU mad. For conspicuous gal- 
lantry in the action of this day General Cham- 
berlain received from President Lincoln the 
brevet of major-peneral. Suffering from ac- 
cumulation of wounds, he was suddenly sum- 
moned on the second day after, to take com- 
mand of our extreme left on the Boydton road, 
with two hrigades and two batteries of artil- 
lery to repel an attack which was then begin- 
ning. Two divisions of his corps on his right 
were soon thrown back in great confusion 
from an advanced position they were endeav- 
oring to maintain against a vigorous assault 
of the enemy, and while General Chamberlain 
was rallying these troops and reforming them 
in the rear of his own, he was asked by the 
commanding general to throw forward his 
command and attempt to stem the torrent then 
sweeping the front, and if possible regain the 
field lost by the other two divisions. General 
Chamberlain assented, and while the engineers 
were trying to bridge the stream in our front. 
he and his men dashed through it in the very 
face of the enemy, and gaining a foothold on 
the opposite steeps, drove the rebels back to 
the field of the former struggle. While press- 
ing them back upon their works. General 
Chamberlain was ordered to halt and take the 
defensive as a matter of precaution. Seeing, 
however, that his men were much exposed, 
and that the enemy's strong position could be 
carried by a tactful maneuver, he solicited per- 
mission to make an assault, which he did with 
rapid and complete success, carrying the 
works, capturing a battle flag and many pris- 
oners, and effecting a lodgement on the White 
Oak road. At the battle of Five Forks on the 
following day, General Chamberlain had com- 
mand of two brigades on the extreme right— 
the wheeling flank. In the midst of the battle, 
when the rebels made a furious attempt to 
regain their works by a flank attack, putting 
in everv man of his own command and a mass 
of skulkers and fugitives from other com- 
mands on a new direction to break the force 
of this onset, he led the charge, leaping his 
horse over the parapet, already wounded by 
a rifle ball. His command captured 1050 men, 
nineteen officers and five battle flags — one half 
the captures of the division. On the next day 
he was ordered to take the advance and strike 
the South Side railroad. Here he encountered 
Fitz Hugh Lee's division of cavalry, which 
he drove across the railroad, intercepting a 
train of cars from Petersburg with several 
military and civil officers, and routing the 
enemy from the position. In the subsequent 



pursuit, General Chamberlain had the advance 
nearly all the time, capturing many prisoners 
and vast quantities of material. At Jeters- 
ville, on the Danville railroad, he went to the 
assistance of our cavalry which was severely 
attacked on a cross road. In the final action 
at Appomattox Court House, when, having 
marched all night, he came up with our cav- 
alry, which was heroically holding its ground 
against Stonewall Jackson's old corps of in- 
fantry, he double-quicked his men in to re- 
lieve the cavalry, and forming under General 
Sheridan's eye, pushed forward against the 
enemy. The other troops forming on his left, 
the foe was driven before them to the town, 
when the flag of truce came in and hostilities 
ceased. General Chamberlain was present at 
the conference preliminary to the surrender, 
and being assigned to his old command — the 
Third Brigade, First Division — was appointed 
by the commanding general to receive with 
his troops the formal surrender of the arms 
and colors of Lee's army, April 12, 1865. Im- 
mediately afterwards, assigned to the com- 
mand of division, General Chamberlain occu- 
pied a line twenty-five miles out from Peters- 
burg on the South Side railroad for some 
time. This division had the advance in the 
triumphal entry of the army into Richmond, 
as also the advance of the Army of the Po- 
tomac in the final review in Washington. 
When the army was broken up he received an 
assignment to another command intended to 
go to Mexico, but the active operations of the 
field now being over, he applied to be relieved 
from duty that he might have the surgical 
treatment which his wounds required, and 
was mustered out of service January 16, 1866. 
In the arduous and trying campaigns 
through which he passed, General Chamber- 
Iain made a record honorable to himself and 
to the state. During his period of service he 
commanded troops in tw-enty-four battles, 
eight reconnaissances, skirmishes without num- 
ber, and with advance and rear guards in con- 
tact with the enemy upwards of a dozen times. 
With his own command alone he fought sev- 
eral independent engagements, every one of 
which was successful against superior num- 
bers. His captures in battle number 2,700 
prisoners and eight battle flags, no portion of 
which can be claimed by any other command. 
He was six times struck in action by shot and 
shell, three times narrowly escaping with his 
life. Immediately after the surrender of the 
rebel army, General Chamberlain was made 
the subject of special communication to head- 
quarters of the army by Major General Grif- 



138 



STATE OF MAINE. 



fin. his corps commander, in wliich this officer 
urged General Chamberlain's promotion to the 
full rank of major-general, for distinguished 
and gallant conduct in the battles on the left, 
including the White Oak Road, Five Forks 
and Appomattox Court House, where, says 
General Griffin, "his bravery and efficiency 
were such as to entitle him to the highest 
commendation. In the last action, April 9, his 
command had the advance, and was driving 
the enemy rapidly before it, when the an- 
nouncement of General Lee's surrender was 
made." The recommendation was cordially 
approved by General Meade and General 
Grant, and forwarded to Washington for the 
action of the government, where assurances 
were given that the promotion should be made. 
General Chamberlain was rarely absent from 
field of duty. He had but four days' leave of 
absence. At all other times when not in the 
field, he had been either ordered away for 
treatment of wounds, or president of a court- 
martial by order of the War Department. But 
no part of his record reflects greater satisfac- 
tion than his relations with the men under his 
command. He made it a point of duty and 
of affection to take care of his men. He never 
ordered troops into positions that he had not 
first personally reconnoitered, and though his 
losses in killed and wounded have been severe, 
they were never made in retreating. The 
noble and faithful men entrusted to his care 
never in a single instance failed to execute 
his orders or to carry out what they deemed 
to be his wishes, although unexpressed. In 
all the various fortunes of the field he never 
left one of his wounded in the lines of the 
enemy nor one of his dead without fitting 
burial. 

On returning to his native state and the 
paths of peace. General Chamberlain quietly 
resumed his professorship in Bowdoin Col- 
lege. He was not long allowed to remain 
there, however. In recognition of his dis- 
tinguished service and ability, he was elected 
governor of the state, by the largest majority 
ever given for that office. He was re-elected 
the three following years and left the guber- 
natorial office with an enviable record. His 
administration marked an epoch in the ma- 
terial advance of the state. Soon after leav- 
ing the office of governor in 1871, he was 
elected president of Bowdoin College and dis- 
charged the duties of that office for twelve 
years. He resigned in 1883, but continued 
his lectures on political economy until 1885. 
He was professor of mental and moral phi- 
losophy from 1874 to 1879. In 1876 he was 



commissioned major-general of state militia, 
and was in command at the cipitol during 
the political troubles in January, 1880, when 
his determined stand against minatory move- 
ments ended the opposition of a turbulent fac- 
tion which threatened civil war. In 1878 he 
was appointed commissioner to the Universal 
Exposition at Paris, France. For his service 
here he received a medal of honor from the 
French government. In the following year 
the United States government published his 
report on the Exposition, embracing the sub- 
ject of education in Europe. This received 
remarkable commendation from all quarters. 
In 1867 Governor Chamberlain received the 
honorary degree of LL.D. from Bowdoin 
College, having already received the same 
from Pennsylvania College in 1866. During 
the years 1884 and 1889 he was engaged in 
railroad construction and industrial enter- 
prises in Florida. In 1900 he was appointed 
by President McKinley surveyor of the port 
of Portland, and has since filled that position. 
As a writer, lecturer and orator. Governor 
Chamberlain has no superior in the state. He 
has given numerous lectures and public ad- 
dresses, with a wide range of topics. In 1876 
he delivered at the Centennial Exposition at 
Philadelphia an elaborate public address en- 
titled "Maine ; her place in History." On in- 
vitation this was repeated before the Legisla- 
ture of Maine in 1877, and afterward pub- 
lished by the state and given wide circulation. 
He wrote a remarkable series of papers on the 
Spanish war, and has since given valuable ad- 
dresses on historic places and events in Maine, 
and many tributes to historic personages, the 
last being one on Lincoln Memorial Day in 
Philadelphia, which is considered remarkable 
for its truthfulness and eloquence. He has 
held many offices of honor, among them that 
of president of the Webster Historical Society, 
vice-president of the American Huguenot So- 
ciety, president of the Society of the Army of 
the Potomac, commander of the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion of the United 
States, and commander of the Grand Army 
of the Republic in the state of Maine. He is 
now president of the Chamberlain Association 
of America, and of the Maine Branch of the 
National Red Cross. He is also an active 
member of many literary and scientific so- 
cieties. 

The home of General Chamberlain is in 
Brunswick and amidst the classic shadows of 
Bowdoin College. It is a historic spot, and 
was formerly known as the old Fales house 
built by Captain Pierce in 1820. By others it 



STATE OF MAIN']'.. 



139 



has been called the lon.ufcllcw house, as it 
was here that the jioet brought his youu^ bride 
in 1830, and for some time he made his home. 
Fales was the second owner of the place, and 
it was during his occupancy that the Long- 
fellow occupation occurred. At that time he 
was professor of modern languages in Bow- 
doin, and in after years he was often heard to 
say that those were the happiest years of his 
life. The property finally passed into the pos- 
session of Rev. Dr. Roswell D. Hitchcock, and 
was purchased from him by General Cham- 
berlain in 1861. At that time the present 
owner was the professor of modern languages 
in Bowdoin and his financial ability was by 
no means equal to his good name and high 
standing in the community as a man of honor. 
For this reason the president of the principal 
local bank came to him and assured him that 
he could have all the money he wanted, to 
conclude the purchase. In this manner the 
old house passed into the hands of the young 
college professor and has since been one of the 
most charming homes in Maine. 

On returning to Brunswick after the civil 
war, with the stars of a major-general on his 
shoulders, and being soon governor, he found 
the old house would hardly hold his visitors. 
It was enlarged by simply raising it and 
putting another story beneath it. Thus the 
original house remained intact, only it was one 
story higher, while the lower portion was 
built more up to date. It is now a very spa- 
cious mansion, containing no less than twenty 
full-sized rooms. 

It is doubtful if there is another house in 
all IVIaine beneatli w-hose roof so many dis- 
tinguished guests have been entertained. Gen- 
erals Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, McClellan, 
Porter, Warren, Ayers, Griffin and Howard 
have all partaken of its hospitality. Its walls 
have echoed the brilliant conversation of 
Sumner, Wilson. Schurtz, Evans, Fessenden, 
Bradbury. Morrill I'Yye, Hale and Blaine, 
and others famous in our national history. 
Hosts of literary rnen have been its guests. 
It was here that Longfellow came in 1875 
when he delivered his famous "Morituri 
Salutamus," and while here he occupied the 
same rooms that had been his in earlier days. 
The old poet was afifected to tears as the flood 
of tender recollections came sweeping over 
him. This home is filled with antique furni- 
ture, much of which is connected with prom- 
inent persons of the past, rare and valuable 
paintings and statuary, and relics of the civil 
war, far too numerous to be paticularized 
here. On the wall of his favorite office is a 



tapestry picture of the General's old war 
horse, Charlemagne, that carried him through 
nearly all of his battles in the civil war. Three 
times lie was shot down, but, like his master, 
rallied and went on. Once on a headlong 
charge a bullet aimed afclose range square at 
the general's heart was caught by his horse's 
neck and then struck the General a glancing 
blow in the left breast, inflicting a severe 
wound, but leaving him his life. At the close 
of the war the horse was brought home to 
Brunswick, where for many years he was the 
playmate of the children and pet of the fam- 
ily.' On his death the faithful animal was 
given an honorable burial at the General's sea- 
side cottage, "Domhegan," in Brunswick, and 
an inscriiition cut in the rock above his grave, 
which is kept with loyal care. 

The library and study are two interesting 
rooms in the old mansion. Here are more 
than two thousand volumes of well chosen 
books, and by the cozy open fire the old war- 
rior reads and meditates. There are many 
valuable trophies of war in this room as well 
as objects of literary and historic interest. 
Connected is a small "den" containing more 
books, and on the wall hangs a rebel battle 
flag captured by General Chamberlain in a 
racing charge just before Appomattox. Just 
above this flag is a huge cavalry pistol with 
a history. In the famous charge on Little 
Round 'Fop, General Chamberlain was met by 
a rebel officer with sword and pistol in hand. 
One barrel was discharged full at the Gen- 
eral's head. Although but ten feet away, the 
bullet missed its -mark. The officer, who be- 
longed to the Fifteenth Alabama Regiment, 
then rushed at the Union leader with his 
sword. General Chamberlain met him, and, 
being the more expert swordsman, soon had 
him at his mercy. Seeing that the case was 
hopeless, the confederate officer surrendered 
both sword and pistol to Chamberlain and 
gave himself up as prisoner. Many other war 
relics are here. The cap and sword of Gen- 
eral Griffin, who commanded the Fifth Corps, 
are in this room. At the battle of Five Forks, 
General Griffin lost his sword, and General 
Chamberlain instantly rode to his side and 
offered him his, which was accepted and used 
during the remainder of the w-ar. General 
Chamberlain quickly replaced his weapon by 
taking the sword of a fallen South Caro- 
lina officer, which he wore until the close 
of the war. Several years later General 
Chamberlain received his own sword and 
the division flag from the War Depart- 
ment at Washington. General Griffin's cap 



140 



STATE OF MAINE. 



and the division bugle which had sounded all 
the battle calls of the war were sent at the 
same time to the Brunswick hero who had 
last commanded that splendid division. 

In the main library the great flag of the 
division hangs from riie ceiling, while on one 
wall is the last flag surrendered by Lee on the 
field of Appomattox. The personal flag of 
General Chamberlain, bearing the red maltese 
cross, is also here, dimmed by battle smoke 
and torn by shell and bullet. A precious me- 
mento is this, and even dearer to its owner 
than the bust of Grant, by Simmons, that 
stands close by. Over the fireplace in this 
library are the stars of the first flag of the old 
Twentieth Maine regiment, first commanded 
by General Ames and then by Chamberlain. 
Here, also, serving as a match box, is the 
base of a shell that burst at the General's feet 
in the battle of Gettysburg. It was a conical 
shell and it shows that when it exploded five 
pieces flew ofif into the faces of Chamber- 
lain's men. In an adjoining closet is the coat 
that General Chamberlain wore when he was 
shot through the body in front of Petersburg 
and promoted by Grant. Another coat bear- 
ing the stars of a general has the left breast 
and left sleeve torn and shredded by shot or 
shell at the battle on Quaker road in the final 
campaign of the war. 

General Chamberlain married, in Bruns- 
wick, December 7, 1855, Frances Caroline 
Adams, who was bom in Boston, Massachu- 
setts, August 12, 1826. and died in Bruns- 
wick, Maine, October 18, iQO.v She was the 
daughter of Ashur Adams and Amelia Wyllys 
Adams, of Boston, and was a lineal descen- 
dant of Mabel Harlakenden, the "Princess of 
New England." The children of this mar- 
riage are Grace Dupee and Harold Wyllys. 
Grace Dupee was born in Brunswick, October 
16, 1856, and married April 28, 1881, Horace 
Gwynne Allen, who is a distinguished lawyer 
in Boston. The children are : 

I. Eleanor Wyllys, born in Boston, Decem- 
ber 13, 1893; Beatrice Lawrence, January 24. 
i8g6: and Rosamund, December 25, 1898. 2. 
Harold Wyllys Chamberlain, born in Bruns- 
wick, October 10, 1858, and graduated at Bovv- 
doin College in 1881 ; studied law in Boston 
University, and successfully practiced in Flor- 
ida for four years. 

He has since interested himself in elec- 
trical engineering and has invented val- 
uable improvements in that line, which he is 
now applying in practical work in the city of 
Portland. 



When our heathen ancestors 
JENNINGS adopted the christian faith 

they assumed christian names 
as evidences of their conversion. On account 
of the prominence in the early church of St. 
John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist, 
the name lohanan or lohannes, afterward 
shortened to Ian, lohn, or John, became a 
favorite. When the Saxon sufiix ing, signify- 
ing son, was added, it gave the patronymic 
laning, or Janing, that is, John's son, which 
finally became Jennings, which form has pre- 
vailed for many centuries, thoug'.i its orthog- 
raphy shows more than thirty variations in the 
early records of Massachusetts. The men of 
this race have usually been tall, strong, hardy 
and energetic, have taken an active part in the 
wars of New England and the Republic, and 
have been successfully engaged in many of 
the pursuits of peace. Fifty-five were patriot 
soldiers in the revolutionary war from Massa- 
chusetts. One of the first two Englishmen 
who ever descended Lake Champlain was a 
Jennings. A colonial governor of New Jer- 
sey, the first governor of Indiana, a governor 
of Florida, and other men of prominence have 
borne this patronymic. Several of the name 
settled in Massachusetts in very early times ; 
but who was the immigrant ancestor of this 
family, or when or where he settled in New 
England, is not within the knowledge of the 
present generation. Freeman, the historian of 
Cape Cod, says : "It is impossible after much 
investigation, to give so satisfactory account 
as we would wish, of the Jennings family.'' 
Their earliest history probably perished with 
the early town records which contained it. 
Freeman adds : "The Jennings family, long 
time prominent and highly respectable in this 
town ( Sandwich ) have become extinct here ; 
but lands are still called after their name.'' 

(I) John Jennings, the first of the family 
of whom there is authentic information, was 
living at Sandwich in 1667, and died there 
June 18, 1722, "at an advanced age." On 
"23, 2 month, 1675," John Jennings was 
among the sixty-nine residents of Sandvyich" 
who were able to make it appear that they had 
just rights and title to the privileges of the 
town." July 4, 1678, the name of John Jen- 
nings was not on "the list of those who have 
taken the oath of fidelity." August 18, 1681, 
the town voted John Jennings and two others 
"All the bog meadow, leaving out the springs 
for the neighborhood," near Dexter's Island. 
June 25, 1702, the name of John Jennings ap- 
pears on the "record of inhabitants of the town 



STATE OF MAINE. 



141 



of Sandwich (.inilkd l<i ilieir share in the divi- 
sion of lands as \kv vote of March 24, 1702." 
July i6, 1708, John Jennings, cordwainer, was 
appointed administrator "on all and singular 
the goods and chattels, rights and credits of 
John Jennings your son some time of Sand- 
wich aforesaid, mariner, who it is said died 
intestate." This John, born "3, 12, 1673," is 
said to have been a captain in the English 
merchant service, and to have died in foreign 
parts. May 15, i6yo, John Jennings and Sam- 
uel Prince were elected constables. The con- 
stable at that time was a person of some im- 
portance, as he was the town's financial rep- 
resentative, being tax collector and treasurer. 
John Jennings held various minor town offices 
and seems to have been occasionally paid 
money by the town for various services. The 
fact that John Jennings was a witness to the 
wills of two Quakers, Lydia Gaunt, 1691, ami 
Isaac Gaunt, i6g8, and the further fact that 
the inventory of his estate shows that he had 
at the time of his death "Quakers' books as 
we suppose may be valued by that people two 
pounds," make it seem that he was undoubt- 
edly one of those just men whose influence 
prevented any harm ever coming to the 
Quakers of "the Cape," though they were 
cruelly persecuted in some other parts of New 
England. John Jennings died intestate and his 
son Isaac administered his estate, the inven- 
tory of which amounted to forty-five pounds 
fifteen shillings six pence. He seeins to have 
been an honest and honorable inan who minded 
his own business and was sometimes called in 
to help other people with theirs. John Jen- 
nings married (first) June 29, 1667, Susanna; 
(second) Ruhamah ; the surname of neither be- 
ing now known. His children by Susanna 
were: Remember (or Remembrance) and 
Ann; and by Ruhamah: John, Isaac, Eliza- 
beth (died young), Elizabeth and Samuel. 
These children, as shown by the Sandwich 
records, were born between September 17, 
1668, and February 28, 1685. 

(II) Samuel, youngest child of John and 
Ruhamah Jennings, was born in Sandwich, 
February 19, 1684-85 (O. S.), and died there 
May 13, 1764, in the eightieth year of his age. 
He was impressed into the British navy, and 
in escaping from it had the adventure which 
he narrates in a letter to his pastor. Rev. Dr. 
Stillman, which was printed and published 
with the following ".Advertisement" : "The 
writer of the following Letter was a person 
of good understanding, of great sobriety and 
uprightness, and sustained a very fair charac- 
ter to his death, which was in the year seven- 



teen hundred and sixty-four, in advanced age. 
He ixire on his body the marks of the terrible 
assault herein related ; the particulars of which 
he often repeated, and the following letter was 
found among his papers anil is published by 
his son to perpetuate a remembrance of this 
signal Providence." The letter is as follows : 
"Honored Sir : .According to your request, 
when I was at your house above a year ago, I 
have now taken in hand to give you an ac- 
count of that disaster which befel me in the 
West Indies, which was after the following 
manner. It was in the year 1703, I think in 
the month of (Jctobcr, that I was impressed 
on board a frigate, in Carlisle Bay, called the 
Alilford, which was a station ship for the Is- 
land of Barbados; and after about four or 
five months continuance on board said ship, I 
became exceedingly restless about my way of 
living ; and I shajl give you some of the rea- 
sons that made me so. And first, I observed 
that many times when men were sick of fevers 
and other distempers, they were beaten to 
work, when men that were drunk were easily 
excused, though they were commonly a third 
of our number when there was work to do. 
And one time, being sick myself of a fever so 
that my legs would scarce carry me without 
help of my hands, I was commanded up to 
work ; I told the officer I was sick and could 
not work ; he said I lied, and thereupon drove 
me, with several others in the same condition, 
upon deck (some of whom died the next day), 
then I went to the captain and told him that I, 
with some others, were beaten to work, though 
we were sick and not able to work : He said 
we were rascals, and the doctor said we were 
not sick ; whereupon we were forced to stay 
on deck some time, and had now and then a 
blow, but did not and could not work. Sec- 
ondly, I observed that industry and idleness 
were equally rewarded with blows ; for they 
would begin at one end of a parcel of men 
pulling at a rope, and whip till they came to 
the other end, without minding who pulls and 
who does not. And thirdly, I found that my 
continuance in such a wicked family had 
brought me to smack of their familiar sin, viz., 
swearing, though I was but very awkward at 
it, and my conscience would always menace 
me for it. And I found also that the desire 
of strong drink had gained somewhat upon 
me, though I was not drunk with it at all. and 
had totally left the use of strong drink before 
I left the ship. Now the consideration of 
these and some other difficulties which I found 
in this place I lay obnoxious to, made me un- 
dertake that dangerous way of escape by 



142 



STATE OF MAINE. 



swimming ; for I considered the danger before 
I set out ; but on the 26th day of .March, 1704, 
I had drawn up a resolution that I would rid 
myself of this company, or lose my life when 
night came. I found it something difficult to 
get away undiscovered, there being centinels 
afore and abaft, with muskets loaded to shoot 
any one that should attempt to run away, and 
likewise a guard boat to row round the ship all 
night. I watched them till about ten o'clock 
at night, at which time, finding the centinels 
pretty careless, and the guard boat ahead of 
the ship, I went dov\n between decks, and hav- 
ing begged of God to carry me through that 
dangerous enterprize and deliver me out of 
those distresses, I w^ent out of a port and 
swam with my .shirt and breeches on right out 
to sea, before the wind, till I was clear of the 
ship and guard boat, and then turned along- 
shore awhile, and then wheeled more towards 
the shore, but the seas beat over my head so 
fast I could hardly swim, and I thought beat 
me more out to sea, whereupon I turned and 
swam right against the wind towards the 
shore, and after a considerable time got to one 
of Captain Gillam's buoys, and rested myself 
awhile, and if I had known the ship I would 
have gone on board, but I aimed to swim to a 
brigantine that lay in the road belonging to 
Boston. Then I put of? from Captain Gillam's 
buov, and had not swam far before I saw a 
Shark just as he took hold of my left hand, he 
pulled me under water in a moment, at which 
I was very much surprised, and thought of a 
knife which I used to carry in my pocket, but 
• remembered I had left it on board ; then I 
kicked him several times with my right foot, 
but that proving ineffectual, I set my foot 
against his mouth, intending to haul my hai,(, 
away or haul it off, and then he opened his 
mouth a little and catch'd part of my foot into 
his mouth with my hand, and held them both 
together. Then I cried unto God (mentally) 
that he woidd have mercy on my soul, whicii 
I thought would soon be separated from my 
tody ; but still I did not leave off striving, but 
punched him with my right hand, though to 
very little purpose ; at last being almost 
drowned (for I was all the while under wa- 
ter) I had almost left off striving, and ex- 
pecting nothing but present death ; all at once 
my hand came loose and also my foot, and so 
finding myself clear of the fish I got to the top 
of the water, and having a little cleared my 
stomach of water, I called out for help, and 
swam towards the nearest ship, and I quickly 
heard them mustering to fit out their boat, 
which encouraged me to continue my calling 



for help, thinking tliereby they might find me 
the sooner, it being very dark ; they came to 
me with all speed and took me into their boat, 
and carried me to the ship's side, where I saw 
they had a lanthorn, but the blood turning just 
at that time, caused me to be extreme sick at 
my stomach, and my sight also left me, but I 
answered Captain Gillam to many questions 
while I was blind ; then they fastened a rope 
about me and hauled me into the ship and 
carried me into the steerage, and after a while 
recovering my sight, I asked if there was any 
doctor on board, they said yes, and pointed to 
Mr. Peter Cutler of Boston, he then being 
Captain Gillam's doctor. I asked him to cut 
off my mangled limbs if he saw it needful, and 
he spoke to the captain about it, but he would 
not allow of it, but sent advice to the Milford 
of what had happened, and the lieutenant sent 
a boat and carried me on board again, and the 
doctor being ashore, he sent for doctor Cutler 
and another doctor, who came on board, and 
after a glass of wine they ordered I should be 
tied, but upon my earnest solicitation they for- 
bore to tie me, and then doctor Cutler per- 
formed the first amputation, wdiich was my 
arm, and the other doctor cut off part of my 
foot. I endured extreme pain all the while, 
and after they had dressed those two wounds, 
they dressed three other flesh wounds, which 
I received at the same time, and the next day 
I was carried on shore, where I remained 
without appetite, and so full of pain, that I 
thought I did not sleep three hours in three 
weeks : but at last thro' God's great goodness, 
the pain left me and my appetite was restored, 
and my wounds healed wonderful fast, so that 
in about four months my foot was healed up, 
and I could go on it ; but it broke out again, 
and I could not thoroughly heal it till I got 
home to New England. I was about nineteen 
years of age at the time of this disaster. I 
received much kindness from many gentlemen 
belonging to New England, as well as from 
those of Barbados, under those difficulties, all 
which I desire gratefully to acknowledge. But 
above all. I would acknowledge the great good- 
ness of that God that supported me under and 
carried me through those distresses, and has 
provided for me ever since, so that neither I, 
nor mine, have wanted the necessary comforts 
of this life, notwithstanding my inability of 
body for many employments. Thus having 
run through the most observable passages of 
that disaster, I shall conclude, desiring your 
prayers to God for me, that so signal a de- 
liverance may not be lost upon me ; and that I 
may, by believing and yielding obedience to the 



STATE OF MAINE. 



143 



Gospel 01 jt'sus Chiisl, hcc<iiin; a siiI)Jcl\ ..i 
eternal as well as temporal >alvatioii. 

"N'our humble servant, 

■'Sa.MUKL JlCNNINGS. 

■"SaniUvich, Aui^usl 8, 171O." 

/vfter his relnrii from Barbadoes, Samuel 
Jeuniiigs probably ilevotecl himself to the ac- 
quisition of a superior education in conse- 
quence of his being maimeil. lie was the 
giammar-school master, and the records of 
1710 show that he was voted twenty pound;-, 
and it was provided that "those who send shall 
pay additional and board." He was "still em- 
ployed" in 1712. He was selectman in 1712, 
representative 1714-17-21, town clerk 1721-51 
(thirty years), town treasurer 1719-51 (thirty- 
two years), surveyor of lands, trader and pos- 
sessed a large estate. In 1712 the north part 
of the township of Falmouth included in what 
was called "the New Purchase," was ordered 
to be laid out; and "Thomas Bowerman and 
Philip Dexter were appointed to lay out said 
lands, and were to associate with them, in the 
performance of their tluty some suitable per- 
son. They called to their aid 'Sir. Samuel Jen- 
nings of Sandwich, an accomplished surveyor 
and good scholar, whose able and neatly pre- 
pared report of the proceedings amply justifies 
the enconium we bestow," says the historian. 
"In 1 71 7, February 6, John Bacon, agent for 
the town of Barnstable, presented a petition to 
the General Court 'for the division of the town 
into precincts ;' and, February 10, on the peti- 
tion of Mr. Joseph Crocker and others, Mr. 
Samuel Sturgis, Melatiah Bourne, Esq., and 
Mr. Samuel Jennings, were appointed 'a com- 
mittee to determine the controversy and settle 
the bounds between the said town and the In- 
dians," which was accordingly done." April 
4, 1718, Samuel Jennings in a deed of land to 
"Joseph Ney" describes himself as "shop- 
keeper." Freeman states, "In 1764, two of the 
most influential and respectable citizens of the 
town deceased, Samuel Jennings, Esq., May 
13, aged eighty, and Hon. Ezra Bourne in 
September, aged 88." On a well preserved 
slate stone in the Old Cemetery in Sandwich 
is the following inscription : "In memory of 
Samuel Jennings Esq., who having served God 
and his Generation with uprightness in several 
important trusts, deceased May 13th 1764 in 
his Both year. The memory of the just is 
blessed." The marriage between Samuel Jen- 
nnigs and Remembrance Smith, both of Sand- 
wich, was solemnized "before William Bassett, 
justice of the Peace, att Sandwich the 20th 
day of January Anno Domini 1712-13." She 
was the daughter of Shubael and granddaugh- 



ter of Rev. John Smith, who was pastor of 
Sandwich from 1675 to 1688. Near her hus- 
band's stone is a slate slab on which is the 
legend, "Here Lyes ye body of Remember 
Jennings, aged About 28 Years Deed Jan'ry 
ye 23d 1717-18." lie married (second) De- 
borah Newcomb, who died l'"cbruary 10, 1753. 
Tiie children of the first wife were Lydia and 
Ruhamah, the latter a woman of fine educa- 
tion. The children of the second wife were: 
Samuel, Esther ami John, whose sketch fol- 
lows : 

(111) John (2), youngest child of Samuel 
and Deborah (Newcomb) Jennings, was born 
in Sandwich, Massachusetts, September 3, 
1734, and died in VVinthrop, Maine, as stated 
in the Winthrop records, March 10, 1800, 
ageil sixty-five years. He was interested with 
his father in shipping, and one of their ves- 
sels was the sloop "Deborah." John used to 
take "negro and Indian boys and bring them 
up to send on whaling voyages," and was evi- 
dently a prosperous man. But after the revo- 
lution began he lost considerable property. He 
was a zealous Tory, and, history states, "was 
arrested and imprisoned in 1778 for disaffec- 
tion to the popular cause." Being a high- 
spirited man, he determined to go to a new 
country. Accordingly he took his eldest son 
and went to Maine, then being rapidly settled. 
They went up the Kennebec to the Hook (now 
Hallowell) and thence through the woods of 
Winthrop (then Pondtown), inquiring of the 
few settlers he saw for land partly fenced by 
water. This he found in Wayne, where he 
was one of the earliest settlers. There he se- 
lected a tract of about a thousand acres 
bounded on three sides by Pocasset ( now 
Wing) and Lovejoy ponds and what has since 
been called from him the Jennings stream, 
which unites the other two bodies of water. 
Here he finally obtained possession of about 
two hundred acres bordering the stream and 
the Wing pond, other settlers getting the rest. 
Here they felled a "possession," and John re- 
turned to Sandwich, leaving Samuel to fell 
more trees during the summer. The next sum- 
mer Samuel was also sent to make further im- 
provements. The next year John and his son 
John went from Sandwich and built a log house 
and extended the clearing. The greater part 
of the land John Jennings then settled on has 
ever since been the property of his descend- 
ants in the male line and is now the property 
of Tudor G. Jennings, the occupant, and his 
nephew, Loton D. Jennings, a lawver of Bos- 
ton. This is now one of the finest farms in 
Kennebec county. Vestiges of the first house 



144 



STATE OF MAINE. 



and one built later and apple trees John planted 
are still to be seen. John probably removed 
to W'ayne with his family in the spring of 
1780. They went on a vessel to Portland, and 
from there John with his son Samuel ascended 
the Kennebec in one of his old whale-boats. 
From Hallowell they made their way on foot, 
driving before them the sheep and hogs they 
had brought from Sandwich. The swine were 
subsequently taken to an island in the Andros- 
coggin pond in Leeds, where in the following 
July the outcries of the animals gave notice of 
trouble. The settlers living near hastened to 
the island and discovered that bears had killed 
the hogs, and escaped. From this circum- 
stance the island has since been known as Hog 
Island. Having no salt, the neighbors smoked 
the meat of the slaughtered animals, which 
was a substantial part of the provisions of Air. 
Jennings's family the following winter. In the 
autumn John Jennings returned to Sandwich 
to settle his affairs and came the next spring 
to Wayne, where he lived until the latter part 
of 1799, when he was taken sick and carried 
to the hoine of his daughter Deborah, wife of 
Joel Chandler, son of John Chandler, the first 
settler in Winthrop Milage and builder of the 
first mills on the stream there. The Winthrop 
records state that "]\Ir. John Jennings died at 
Winthrop, March 10, 1800." He was buried 
in the cemetery there. According to the rec- 
ord John Jennings and Hannah Sturgis, both 
of Sandwich, were married by iVIr. Abraham 
\Mlliams, minister of Sandwich, May 13, 1759. 
Hannah, born June 4. 1732, was the widow of 
Jonathan Sturgis and daughter of William and 
Bathshua (Bourne) Newcomb. They had: 
Deborah, Samuel (see below), John, Hannah, 
Bathsheba, Sarah, Nathaniel (mentioned be- 
low), and Mary — all born in Sandwich. 

(IV) Samuel (2), eldest son of John (2) 
and Hannah (Newcomb) Jennings, was born 
in Sandwich, Massachusetts, November 15, 
1762, and died in Leeds, Maine, March 23, 
1842, in his eightieth year, hie accompanied 
his father on his first visit to New Sandwich 
and was left there to continue the work of 
clearing the farm which they there began, and 
returned to Sandwich later on foot with oth- 
ers. The next spring he was sent back alone, 
to further improve the place. He boarded with 
Job Fuller, the earliest white settler in Wayne 
( 1773), and exchanged work with Eben Wing. 
They secured only a poor "burn" of tlie tim- 
ber on the ground, and the "turf" still left was 
deep; and they had to use the bag in which 
they brought their dinner to carry sand from 
the shore of the pond, to cover the corn they 



planted. Samuel soon wearied of this style of 
farming, and arranged with a neighbor to care 
for the crop, and again trudged back to Sand- 
wich, and made the best excuse he could to his 
father for thus leaving the place in the wilder- 
ness of Maine. The ne.xt spring, when the 
time for going to New Sandwich drew nigh, 
Samuel seized an opportunity when his father 
was away and went to Plymouth, and thence to 
Boston, where he met some acquaintances and 
enlisted on board a privateer which made a 
successful cruise, capturing three prizes. Sam- 
uel returning to Boston as one of the crew of 
the third one. Samuel Jennings also served 
as a private in Captain Simeon Fish's com- 
pany. Colonel Freeman's regiment, on an 
alarm at Falmouth in September, 1779. The 
next year he went with his father and his fam- 
ily to Wayne. Samuel Jennings in his account 
of the family at this time says, "They thought 
it rather hard times to live on smoked meat 
and keep their cattle on meadow hay." In the 
early spring when Samuel found the neigh- 
boring settlers could not pay in corn for cer- 
tain utensils they had bought of his father the 
year before, he went to Littleborough, now 
Leeds, some ten miles away, and worked a 
week for Thomas Stinchfield, chopping and 
piling logs for a peck of corn a day. On Sun- 
day he was set across the Androscoggin pond 
by the Stinchfield boys in a canoe, and carried 
his bushel and a half of corn on his back to 
his home, where he and his burden were 
warmly welcomed by the other members of the 
family. On the day when Samuel completed 
his twenty-first year he refused to "tote" a 
bag of corn on his back through the woods to 
mill. His father was angry, disowned him, 
and told him to leave the place. But while the 
father was absent hunting that day in Port 
Royal, now Livermore, Samuel and his 
brother John seeing a bear swimming in the 
pond, dispatched it with an axe. dressed the 
carcass and hung it on a pole. The father re- 
turning from his hunt without game and see- 
ing the supply of meat, inquired who killed 
the bear. Being told that Samuel had been 
chiefly instrumental in killing bruin, he with- 
drew his objections and the young man con- 
tinued to live at the homestead. 

In 1784 Samuel, accompanied by his brother 
John, took up a large tract of land, mostly 
rich intervale, on the bank of the Androscog- 
gin river in Leeds, where the hamlet of West 
Leeds now is. This is still owned by his de- 
scendants in the male line. Somewhat later 
he returned to Sandwich and married. Leav- 
ing his wife there, he went to Hallowell, 



STATE OF MAINE. 



145 



Maine, where lie worked for liis brolher-in- 
law, John lieenian, for four dollars a month. 
In the spring of 1787, Mrs. Jennings with her 
infant .'^on, Samuel, went to Hallowell, and 
thence to Wayne, where she met her husband. 
On their journey to Leeds they crossed the 
Androscoggin pond in a birch canoe ; the wind 
blew a gale, the waves beat over the canoe, 
compelling the mother to sit very quiet in t>:c 
bottom of the bark boat with her babe in her 
arms, while the father, alternately paddling 
and bailing, urged the canoe forward. The 
shore was reached at last, and at the house of 
Thomas Stinchfieid they were warmed and re- 
freshed, their clothing dried, and again on foot 
they made their way through the woods to 
their home. Samuel Jennings was a wealthy 
and influential farmer in Leeds. He married 
in Sandwich, in 1785, Olive Tupper, daughter 
of Enoch and Mchitable (Davis) Tupper. She 
was born February 16, 1763, and died April 
20, 1848, aged eighty-five years. They were 
the parents of Samuel, who was born in Sand- 
wich, Massachusetts, and Perez Smith, one of 
the earliest born white children in Leeds. 

(V) Samuel (3), elder of the two sons of 
Samuel (2) and Olive (Tupper) Jennings, 
was born in Sandwich, Massachusetts, Feb- 
ruary 7, 1787, and died at the village of North 
Wayne, Maine, March 29, 1876, in the nine- 
tieth year of his age. Leeds in the days of his 
boyhood was little better than an unbroken 
forest ; there was no school until after he was 
twelve years old, and many children received 
but little book knowledge : but he had all the 
school privileges the locality afforded and ac- 
quired a good common school education and a 
desire for reading, which a small library in the 
town afiforded him some means of gratifying. 
He was a constant reader throughout his life, 
especially in his age, and became familiar with 
the Bible, works of history and other books. 
In the fall of 1809 he settled on a farm on the 
west side of North Wayne, where the active 
portion of his life was spent, except six years 
between 1826 and 1832, when he lived on the 
homestead in Leeds. From 1852 to 1868 he 
live 1 with his son Seth, and after that time on 
a place he bought on the north side of North 
Wayne. He was a liberal, social and law- 
abiding citizen and a man of practical sa- 
gacity and determined will. He left a written 
account of the settlement of the familv in 
Wayne and Leeds, from which much of the 
foregoing has been taken. For a large part of 
his life he was a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, singing and playing the bass 
viol in the choir. He was a Whig until that 



party dissolved, and thereafter a Democrat. 
In the war of 1812 he served at Wiscassct in 
the coast defense. Mis health seemed to be 
always good, and he was never seriously ill till 
his last sickness. Samuel Jennings married 
(fir>t) in Micldleborough, Massachusetts, 
January 14, 1809, I'lieije Morton, born in Mid- 
dleborough. May 15, 1791, died at North 
Wayne, ( )ctober 26, 1858, aged si.xty-seven 
years. She was the daughter of Seth (2) and 
Priscilla (Morton) Morton (see Morton VI), 
and a cousin german of Rev. Daniel Oliver 
Morton, the father of Levi P. Morton, late 
Vice-President of the United States. She was 
related, but more remotely, to Governor Mar- 
cus and Chief Justice Marcus Morton, of Mas- 
sachusetts. She was also a descendant of 
Stephen Hopkins of "Mayflower" fame, thus: 
Deborah, daughter of Stephen Hopkins, mar- 
ried Andrew Ring; Mary Ring, their daugh- 
ter, married John Morton (2) (see Morton 
III), ancestor of Phebe Morton. Samuel Jen- 
nings was married (second) December 20, 
1868, by Rev. J. R. Mastcrman, of Wayne, to 
Laura M. (Rackley) Gilmorc, widow of Ansel 
Gilmore, of Turner, who survived him and 
died in her seventy-fifth year, while on a visit 
to Livermore, September 20, 1882. The chil- 
dren of Samuel and Phebe were: i. Olive 
(first), born April 8, 1810, died January, 181 1. 
2. Olive (second), born August 2, 1811, mar- 
ried, January i, 1833, Captain James Lamb; 
died in Chesterville, December 23, 1893, aged 
eighty-two. 3. Louisa, born September 14, 
1813, married, March 6, 1836, Captain Morton 
Freeman, of Middleborough, Aiassachusetts; 
died Alay 24, 1844. 4. Lavinia, born June 12, 
1815, died June 17, 1815. 5. Cleora, born Au- 
gust ID, 1816, married Willard Torrey, of Dix- 
field, March 4, 1845, "I'l'l '''^'1 •''' Auburn, No- 
vember 3, 1900, aged eighty-four. 6. Samuel 
M., mentioned below. 7. Lovias, see further. 
8. Granville Temple, born September 28, 1822, 
died October 4, 1843. 9. Perez S., see below. 
10. Seth W., receives mention- below. 11. 
Martha, born March 9, 1828, married, Janu- 
ary 15, 1846, John H. Lord; died at North 
Wayne, February ig, 1854. 12. Velzora, born 
July II, 1833, died October 25, 1843. I3- 
Mary Helen, born March 30, 1837, died Sep- 
tember 8, 1843. 

(\T) Samuel Morton, eldest son of Sam- 
uel and Phebe (Morton) Jennings, was born 
in Wayne, March 23, 1818, and died in 
Wayne, September 25, 1877. He was educated 
in the common schools and grew to manhood 
a farmer. An old account book of his father 
shows that he worked for his grandfather Jen-, 



146 



STATE OF MAINE. 



nings in Leeds from March, 1832, to Novem- 
ber 25, 1835 — almost four years. He built the 
house at North Wayne afterward occupied by 
Captain Lamb and lived in it for a time. Later 
he bought the homestead of his father and 
lived on it from 1846 to 1874, disposing of it 
at the latter date and living in the village. He 
was thrown from a horse in 1869 and so seri- 
ously injured that he was never afterward able 
to perform heavy labor. As a farmer he was 
diligent and successful, and ranked among the 
best of that class in Wayne, which is one of 
the best agricultural towns in Maine. He was 
a Democrat in youn^ manhood, but became a 
• member of the Know Nothing party, and later 
of the Republican party, which he loyally sup- 
ported till his death. He cast his vote for 
John C. Fremont for president, in 1856. He 
cared nothing for public office and would never 
allow his friends to make him a candidate for 
official position. He was a constant attendant 
ani liberal supporter of the Alethodist Epis- 
copal church, but not a member ; a man of 
strict integrity, and his word was as good as 
his bond, and either was as good as gold. He 
was a strong supporter of schools, both public 
and private, and gave his children opportuni- 
" ties for good educations. He was married in 
Portland, March 15, 1842, by Rev. Mr. Pierce, 
to Mary Lobdell, who was born in Westbrook, 
December 12, 18 19, and died in Oakland, Sep- 
tember 15, 1893. She was the daughter of 
Isaac and Charlotte (Pratt) Lobdell, of West- 
brook (see Lobdell VH). She was a woman 
who possessed common sense in large meas- 
ure, was well informed on current topics, a 
pleasant companion, and greatly beloved by 
her husband and children. The children of 
this marriage were: i. Samuel W., mentioned 
below. 2. Aroline Edson, born August 8, 1844, 
was married to Charles A. Hall, at North 
Wayne, August 22, 1866, by Dr. Charles H. 
Barker. She died in Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, April 19, 1903, and was buried at North 
Wayne. 3. Zelina Elizabeth, born July 29, 
1846, was married at Leominster, Massachu- 
setts, April 5, 1883, to Angus Dankason, by 
Rev. Dr. Savage. She died May 5, 1883, at 
Leominster, and was buried there. 4. Edward 
Lobdell. see below. 5. Annie May, born May 
31, 1 861, was married at Winthrop, IMaine, 
November 9, 1880, by Rev. David Church, to 
William Hurlbutt. She died at South Fram- 
ingham, Massachusetts, May 15, 1892, and was 
buried there. 

(VH) Williston, first named Samuel Willis- 
ton, eldest child of Samuel M. and Mary 
(Lobdell) Jennings, was born at North 



Wayne, March 24, 1843, ^"d was educated in 
the common and high schools of Wayne and 
at the Maine Wesleyan Seminary. At seven- 
teen years of age he left the farm, and worked 
at the jeweler's trade in Buckfield until April 
28, 1S61, when he responded to the first call 
for troops in the civil war and enrolled him- 
self as a soldier. The organization which he 
joined had for its commissioned officers : 
Isaac H. McDonald, of Buckfield, captain : 
John P. Swasey, of Canton, now member of 
congress from the second district, first lieu- 
tenant ; and Joseph Shaw, of Buckfield, second 
lieutenant. This company of more than one 
hundred men was mustered in May, 1861, and 
well drilled in camp until nearly the first of 
July, when on account of the state's quota be- 
ing full, it was paid ofT and discharged. Young 
Jennings, still anxious to render service to the 
country, went to Boston, Massachusetts, where 
he enlisted as a marine, July g, 1861, and 
served till August 13, 1862. On August 22, he 
was detached to serve on the "Cambridge," a 
steam propeller of one thousand tons, which 
had been taken from the merchant service and 
remodeled for the naval service. Her crew 
now consisted of one hundred and thirty-five 
officers and men, and her armament of four 
eight-inch guns, one twenty-four pound rifle 
gun and a thirty-two pound Parrott rifle gun, 
said to be the first Parrott gun mounted on 
shipboard. The two rifle guns were of long 
range, as subsequent service proved. The 
"Cambridge" went into commission August 
29, and sailed for Hampton Roads, Virginia, 
September 4, 1861. She was assigned to the 
blockading squadron, and captured many 
blockade runners. In February she joined the 
"Congress" and "Cumberland" at Newport 
News to guard the mouth of the James river 
and was at Hampton Roads March 8, 1862, 
when the famous rebel ram "Merrimac" at- 
tacked the federal fleet there, and took part in 
that celebrated battle which revolutionized 
modern naval warfare. He was one of the 
crew of the after pivot grm and was in the 
fight from start to finish. Three of the gun 
crew. Midshipman Cushing (who later, as 
Lieutenant Cushing, blew up the "Albe- 
marle"), J. H. Woods and Frank A. Kelley, 
were wounded. Between ]\Iarch 10 and 17 
while at sea, Mr. Jennings wrote an account of 
the battle to his mother, in which he says of 
the "Cambridge" : "She is cut up badly, both 
in her hull and top hamper, with her timbers 
stove in on her portside, her bowsprit gone 
close to her figure-head and her after pivot 
gun split at the muzzle by a shell." Contin- 



STATF OI' iMAIXI-: 



147 



uing lie says: "I should like to go ashore 
once more, as 1 liavc not been for about seven 
months." This letter was. written while en 
route to relieve the "Stale of Georgia," then 
at Beaufort, North Carolina, which went north 
to coal. The "Nashville." a well-known Con- 
federate blockade runner, was in IJeaiifort 
harbor when the "Cambridge" arrived, but es- 
caped from one of the ungiiariled entrances to 
the harbor the following night. In May the 
"Cambridge" was ordered to jjaltimore for re- 
pairs. A month after arriving there Mr. Jen- 
nings was transferred to the "Alleghany," 
where, after serving a month, he was dis- 
cliarged on surgeon's certificate, for disability 
incin-red while in the line of duty. lie re- 
turned to Wayne, where he remained until Au- 
gust, 1864, when he enlisted in the quarter- 
master's department, Cnited States army, and 
went from Boston, Massachusetts, to Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, and served as a member of 
the guard on various government steamers on 
the Cumberland and Ohio rivers. Just before 
the battle of Nashville, December 15-16, 1864, 
he was one of the many armed and sent for- 
ward from the levy to take part in that en- 
gagement. He was under command of Gen- 
eral Donaldson and stationed on the right 
wing of the army in the rille-pils on the turn- 
pike where he remained four days, during two 
of which he was engaged in the fighting. Dur- 
ing the most of this time rain fell heavily and 
filled the entrenchments knee-deep with mud 
and water, and as those who had been brought 
off the ships had neither overcoats nor blank- 
ets their condition was of the most serious 
character. To alleviate his discomfort in soine 
degree, Mr. Jennings went over the breast- 
works in the night and secured a pair of blank- 
ets one of the enemy had no further use for. 
The utter rout of the rebel General Hood and 
his forces, relieved the Union army of further 
need of the aid of those of Mr. Jennings's 
class, and in February, 1865, he was dis- 
charged by reason of expiration of service, and 
returned to Wayne. 

In the summer of 1863 he apprenticed him- 
self to the shoemaker's trade. After the war 
he spent two years at Middleborough, Massa- 
chusetts, and then a year at Kent's Hill, Maine, 
and then removed to North Wayne. He was 
a shoemaker and dealer in boots and shoes 
from the time he went to Kent's Hill till he 
lost his store at North Wayne, by fire, in 1889. 
He then gave up the shoe business, and fur 
about a year was an insurance solicitor. In 
TS85 he was appointed agent of the North 
\\ ayne Water Power Company, and filled that 



place three years. From 1891 to the present 
time lie has been superintendent of the North 
Wayne Tool Company and agent of the North 
Wayne Water Power Company. In political 
faith he is a consistent Republican. He was 
postmaster at North Wayne for terms of two 
and four years, was ap])ointed justice of the 
peace by Governor Garcelon in 1879, and has 
ever since filled that office : was a member of 
the legislature 1894-96, and was a member of 
the Republican town committee ten or fifteen 
years. I'or four or five years past he has been 
a notary public, and since his appointment as 
justice of the peace he has prepared deeds 
conveying nearly all the real estate in the 
vicinity of North Wayne. He has been ad- 
ministrator of many estates and has assisted 
many executors of wills and administrators in 
the discharge of their duties, and performed 
many marriage ceremonies. In the compila- 
tion of the History of Wayne he was promi- 
nent, and had charge of the preparation of the 
town's military history. In all matters of pub- 
lic benefit, both secular and religious, he has 
borne an ample share of the expense. In 1880 
he was made a Mason in Asylum Lodge, No. 
133, Free and Accepted Masons, and served as 
secretary of that body continuously from the 
following election till 1889. He is a iriember 
of Starling Grange, No. 156, Patrons of PIus- 
bandry ; and also of Lewis II. Wing Post, No. 
167, Grand xArmy of the Republic, of which lie 
was commander one year. Williston Jen- 
nings was married June i, 1870, at Kent's 
Hill, by Rev. Dr. Weber, to Melora Elzada 
Faunce, of Wayne, who was born at North 
Wayne, January 15, 1847, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Mary E. (Currier) Faunce. Of this 
marriage was born one child, Charlotte Mor- 
ton, November 9, 1872. She married (first) 
August 8, 1 891, Otis Howard Nelke, of 
Wayne, son of Solomon A. and Pamelia (Ray- 
mond) Nelke. He was born in Wayne, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1864, and died December 30, 1895, 
leaving one child, Gladys Leone, born July 29, 
1895, who resides with Mr. Jennings. Char- 
lotte M. married (second) November 14, 1898, 
at Lewiston, George R. Hall, and lives in Lew- 
iston. 

(\TI) Edward Lobdell, second son of 
Samuel M. and Mary (Lobdell) Jennings, 
was born at North Wayne, April 14. 1850, and 
died in Waterbury, Connecticut. November 6, 
1908, and was buried at Hyde Park. Massa- 
chusetts. He was educated in the public 
schools and at the Maine Wesleyan Seminary. 
In June, 1870, he went to Boston and spent the 
greater part of the two following years in 



148 



STATE OF MAINE. 



finding a satisfactor)- position. In February, 
1872, he entered the employ of W. A. Wood 
& Company of Boston, dealers in oils and gen- 
eral lubricants. In 1874 he began to sell oil 
on the road ; in 1886 he became assistant man- 
ager, and in igoo manager of the concern, 
which position he held until igoi. In the lat- 
ter year he resigned to become purchasing 
agent of the American Brass Company, of 
Waterbury, Connecticut, and continued to hold 
that place till his lieath. In 1903 the charge 
of the traffic department was added to his du- 
ties. He was a man of superior executive 
ability and commanded a large salary. He was 
a member of the First Congregational Church 
of Waterbury. In politics he was a Republi- 
can. He was also a jMason, a member of Hyde 
Park Lodge, Hyde Park, Massachusetts, and 
also of the Chapter, Council, and Commandery 
there. The only club in which he had a mem- 
bership was the Waterbury. He was a kind 
and affectionate husband, fond of his chil- 
dren, for whose welfare he was always alert, 
providing them with good educations ; fond of 
music, a good singer, and a gentleman wliose 
pleasing personality won and kept many 
friends. Edward L. Jennings married (first) 
December 14, 1874, in Boston, Massachusetts, 
Mary Evelyn Brockway, who was born in 
Bradford, New Hampshire, March 15, 1850, 
and died in Hyde Park, August i, 1892. She 
was the daughter of Lyman and Eurania 
Brockway. He was married (second) in Hvde 
Park, JMassachusetts, to Mabel Blanche Caffin, 
by Rev. Francis Williams, October 15, 1902. 
She was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, 
April 22, 1862, daughter of Francis Henry 
and Harriet (Butters) Caffin. The children 
by wife Mary E. were: I. Ralph Wood, men- 
tioned below. 2. Edward Morton, has ex- 
tended mention below. 3. Ina Frances, born 
in Hyde Park, January 24, 1884, was educated 
in the Hyde Park and Winthrop schools, at 
St. Margaret's Diocesan school, Waterbury, 
Connecticut, and the New England Conserva- 
tory of Music. She was married in Water- 
bury, Connecticut, to Horace Richardson, by 
Rev. John N. Lewis, July 18, igo6. 4. Nevill 
Brockway, born in Hyde Park, October 10, 
1888, was educated in the Hyde Park and 
Winthrop schools. October i, 1904, he was 
washed from the deck of the ship "Atlas" and 
drowned in the Indian Ocean, while on a voy- 
age from New York to Shanghai. 5. Walter 
Lobdell, hnrn in Hyde Park, July 21, 1892, 
died May 3, 1907. 6. Evelyn Lauriat, child of 
second wife, born in New York, February 13, 
1904. 



(VIII) Ralph Wood, eldest child of Ed- 
ward L. and Mary E. (Brockway) Jennings, 
was born in East Cambridge, Massachusetts,, 
October 26, 1875, and was educated in the 
public schools of Hyde Park and the Massa- 
chusetts Nautical Trairiing School. He has 
filled the position of superintendent for the 
Rice & Hutchinson Shoe Company of Rock- 
land, Massachusetts, for some years. He mar- 
ried, in New York, August 15, 1896, Belle 
Hutchings, and has two children : Ralph Ed- 
ward, born in New York. June 14, 1897; and 
Howard Lobdell, born in Rockland, Massa- 
chusetts, September 26, igoo. 

(VIII) Edward Morton, second son of Ed- 
ward L. and Mary E. (Brockway) Jennings, 
was born in East Cambridge, Massachusetts,, 
November 29, 1877. After passing the gram- 
mar, and a year in the high school in Hyde 
Park, he entered the Massachusetts Nautical 
Training School in 1893 and graduated after a 
two years' course in marine and electrical en- 
gineering. His first position after graduation 
was as cadet in engineering on the steamship 
"St. Paul" of the American line plying be- 
tween New York and Southampton, England. 
He filled that place a short time and then was 
engineer for the Benedict Burnham Manufac- 
turing Company, of Waterbury, Connecticut. 
He was with that company at the outbreak of 
the Spanish-.\merican war, when he offered 
his services to the government and was com- 
missioned assistant engineer with the relative 
rank of ensign in the L'nited States navy, June 
3, i8g8, thus becoming the youngest commis- 
sioned officer in the United States navy. He 
saw service as acting chief engineer of the 
United States steamship "Piscataqua" on the 
Havana blockade and was later transferred to 
the L'uited States steamer 'A'ixen," and hon- 
orably discharged in January, i8gg, the war 
having ended. Returning to Massachuetts, he 
became assistant engineer in the employ of the 
Edison Electrical Illuminating Company of 
Boston, from which he went to the employ of 
John P. Squire & Company, of Cambridge, as 
mechanical engineer. After two years' service 
there, in 1902, he entered the employ of the 
Parson Manufacturing Company, and for six 
years past has acted as sales agent for it in 
New England, selling forced draft equipments 
for steam boilers. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. He is a member of Winthrop Lodge, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, of Win- 
throp, Massachusetts, the Winthrop and Cot- 
tage Park Yacht clubs, also American Society 
of Mechanical Engineers, New England So- 
ciety of Naval Engineers, and Military and 



STATK Ol'" MAINE. 



149 



Naval Order of the Spani>h-Amcrican War. 
He was married in Wiiilluup, Massachusetts, 
October 16, 1901. by Rev. William S. Key, to 
Grace Willis Waite, who was born in Calais, 
Maine, April 27, 1880, daughter of Horace 
and Julia Carolyn (Washburn) Waite. Mr. 
Waite is a commission merchant in Boston. 
The children of Edward M. and Grace W. 
(Waite) Jennings are: Laurence Williston, 
September 2, 1902 ; and Edwanl Morton, No- 
vember 24, 1906; both born in Winthrop. 

(VI) Lovias, second son of Samuel (3) and 
Phebe (Morton) Jennings, was born in Wayne, 
March 10, 1820. and died in Turner, July 31, 
1903, aged eighty-three. He was married by 
Stephen Bray, Esq., October 5, 1843, at East 
Turner, to Jane Millett. who was born in 
Turner, August 13, 1825, daughter of Israel 
and Betsey (Harris) Millett, of Turner, and 
died February 26, 1901, aged seventy-five. He 
lived on the farm his father-in-law had owned 
near Keens Mills. In politics he was a Demo- 
crat. He was a sociable man and a good judge 
of stock. The children of Lovias and Jane 
(Alillett) Jennings were: i. Lovias Miletus, 
born June 26, 1844, died March i, 1846. 2. 
Isidore, born October 21, 1845, married, April 
14, 1875, Simeon Goodwin, and lives in Ta- 
coma, Washington. 3. Louisa Maria, Octo- 
ber 7, 1848, died June i, 1858. 4. Mary 
Helen, born May 3, 1851, married, November 
26, 1873, Austin Hutchinson, and died Feb- 
ruary 21, 1886. 5. Julia E., February 19, 

1854, married in Auburn, February 23. 1881, 
Zebulon Tyler Newell and resides in Auburn. 
6. George W. H., born April 27, 1858, died 
July 21. 1862. 7. Lilla Jane, March 19, 1862, 
married (first) October 13, 1878, Fred B. 
Wing, from whom she obtained a divorce. 
She married (second) May 17, 1904, F. Wal- 
ter Marden, of Turner. 8. William Harris, 
born Alarch 28, 1865, married in Turner, Jan- 
uarv 17, 1888, Rose Hill. 9. Infant, born 
May 8, 1868, died May 20, 1868. 10. Minnie, 
October 24, 1869, died in Lewiston, June, 
1889. 

(VI) Dr. Perez Smith, fourth son of Samuel 
(3) and Phebe (Morton) Jennings, was born 
in Wavne, July 22, 1824, and died in Clinton, 
Missouri, February 28, 1893. He was educa- 
ted in the common schools and at the Maine 
Wesleyan Seminary; and in 1851 went to Alis- 
souri, where after teaching about three years 
he entered the medical department of the Uni- 
,versity of the State of Missouri, commonly 
known as McDowell's Medical College, in St. 
Louis, from which he gradated February 27, 

1855. He then entered the practice of medicine 



at Clinton, where for thirty-eight years he 
was one of the most successful and most pop- 
ular physicians. lie was a Democrat and held 
the office of alderman and member of the 
school board at various times and was mayor 
of Clinton three terms, 1874-75-76. In relig- 
ious faith he was a Missionary Baptist, and 
one of the three most liberal and influential 
supporters of the flourishing First Church at 
Clinton. He was always kind and charitable 
to the poor and needy, and after his death he 
was universally mourned by rich and poor 
alike. The amount he disbursed in charities 
was large. For twenty-eight years he was as- 
sociated professionally with Dr. John FI. Britts, 
a leading physician and surgeon of southwest 
Missouri. Dr. Jennings married. June 14, 
1857, in Flenry county, Missouri, Laura \'ick- 
ers, who was born in Muhlenburg county, Ken- 
tucky, December 20, 1838, daughter of .Absa- 
lom and Elizabeth (Welch) \ickcrs, of Henry 
county. Two children were born of this mar- 
riage : I. Williston Temple, August 4, 1865, is 
a practicing physician in Clinton. He married, 
October 25, 1893, Anna C. Fewell, daughter of 
R. Z. Fewell, of Henry county. 2. Olive Vick- 
ers, April 20, 1870, married, October 25. 1893, 
Rev. Mark W. Barcafer. now pastor of Will- 
iam Jewell (Baptist) Church, in Kansas City, 
Missouri. 

(\T) Seth Williston, youngest son of Sam- 
uel (3) and Phebe (Morton) Jennings, was 
born in Leeds, April 18, 1826, and died at 
North Wayne, March 10, 1882, aged fifty-six 
years. He attended school until eighteen years 
of age and then was a seafarer for about five 
years, making a whaling voyage in the middle 
.'\tlantic and later voyages to ports of Cuba 
and the southern and eastern coasts of the 
L'nited States. After 1849 he was engaged in 
farming just east of North Wayne, and also 
carried on the manufacture of soap. His little 
farm was one of the best kept and most care- 
fully cultivated in the town, and the orchards 
he planted and the stone walls he built upon it 
were memorials of his industry. He was an 
untiring toiler, and a true-hearted and gener- 
ous friend. In political belief he was a Demo- 
crat. He enlisted for service in the civil war, 
April 5, 1865, and was a private in the Thir- 
tieth Company L'^nassigned Infantry. He was 
married (first) in Turner, by Daniel Chase, 
Esq., June 14, 1849, to Delia Malenville Gil- 
more, who was born in Turner, June 14, 1829, 
and died in Wayne, September 14, 1865, aged 
thirty-si.x years. She was the daughter of 
Ansel and Laura M. (Rackley) Gilmore, of 
Turner, and granddaughter of Elisha Gilmore, 



15° 



STATE OF MAINE. 



of Raynham and Taunton, Massachusetts, who 
was a soldier of the revolution. She was an 
intellectual woman of artistic temperament and 
scholarly taste, and a well-informed lover of 
nature. ' He married (second) September 29, 
1866, Elvira Elizabeth Haskell, who was born 
July II, 1839, daughter of John and Mary 
(Johnson) Grindle, of Bluehill, widow of 
John H. Haskell, of Jay, who died in the 
United States military service in 1862. She 
survived him and married (third) May 30, 
1897, Calvin J. C. Dodge, whom she also sur- 
vives. Seth W. and Delia M. Jennings were 
the parents of five children : JuHus Caesar and 
Octavius Lord, mentioned below ; Laura Em- 
ily, born April 28, i860, died September 14, 
1864: Delia Josephine, January 12, 1862, died 
February 6, 1863 ; and an infant. 

(\'n) Julius Caesar, eldest child of Seth 
\V. and Delia M. (Gilmore) Jennings, was 
born at Xorth Wayne, February II, 1853. Af- 
ter completing the common school course he 
attended the Maine Wesleyan Seminary, at 
Kent's Hill, where he made languages his 
principal study. October 18, 1870, he started 
west, and from 1871 to 1875 resided with his 
uncle, Dr. Perez S. Jennings, at Clinton, Mis- 
souri, teaching school a large part of the time 
and reading law for two years, 1874-75, in the 
office of Charles B. Wilson, Esq., an ex-Con- 
federate soldier. He afterw-ards taught school 
and was superintendent of city schools at Cov- 
ington, Indiana, and was principal of schools at 
Ingalls, Cimarron, and Spearville, Kansas. In 
June, 1879, he was admitted to the bar at 
Clinton, Missouri, and practiced law seven 
years in Henry county. In 1886 he went to 
Gilliam county, Oregon, where he lived for 
over a year near ^layville, in the foothills of 
the Blue Mountains, and made various jour- 
neys on horseback and by vehicle into the sur- 
rounding regions. In 1887 he removed to 
Ingalls, Kansas, where he practiced law until 
1891, taking a prominent part in the county 
scat contest between Ingalls and Cimarron. He 
declined to be a candidate for county attorney 
at the first election, when the Ingalls ticket was 
elected, but later served in that office a short 
time by appointment. In 1891 he engaged in 
completing the "History of the City of Omaha, 
Nebraska," and the canvass for its sale, a work 
which required nearly two years. For several 
years subsequent to that time he was employed 
in various capacities in the production of city 
and county histories and biographical works, 
principally in Milwaukee, Chicago and other 
cities and various counties of Illinois and other 
states, and in New York City. From 1905 to 



1907 he assisted in compiling the "Genealogical 
and Family History of the State of New 
Hampshire." For about a year, beginning Oc- 
tober, 1907, he was engaged in compiling 
sketches of Portland families for the present 
work; and since September i, 1908, has been 
engaged in a similar capacity in Springfield, 
Massachusetts, on "Genealogical and Personal 
Memoirs Relating to the Families of the State 
of Massachusetts." He is a member of the 
New Llampshire Society of Sons of the Ameri- 
can Revolution ; the Maine Genealogical So- 
ciety ; Ingalls Lodge, No. 426, and Ingalls Re- 
bekah Lodge, No. 287, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, of Ingalls, Kansas ; Alpha Camp, 
No. I, Woodmen of the World, of Omaha, Ne- 
braska, and Spearville Lodge, No. 13, of the 
Accidental Mutual Benefit Association, Spear- 
ville, Kansas. 

(VII) Octavius Lord, brother of the pre- 
ceding, was born at North Wayne, May 9, 
1855. While yet a boy he entered the employ 
of the North Wayne Tool Company, and for 
some years spent his time, when not at school, 
in learning the business of scythemaking. Sub- 
sequently he worked at his trade at Oakland, 
and was employed in a grocery store in Port- 
land, and at the Oceanic Hotel on Peak's 
Island. Later he was employed at his trade at 
various places in Maine and New Hampshire. 
In 1889 he settled in Concord, New Hamp- 
shire, and has since been employed in the car 
construction department of the Boston & 
Maine railroad. The winter of 1891-92 he 
spent at IMagnolia Springs, Florida. He is a 
member of Harmony Colony, No. 160, United 
Order of Pilgrim Fathers ; and is a past coun- 
cilor of Nathaniel White Lodge, No. 7, of the 
United Order of American Mechanics, and 
member of the State Council of that order. 
He married, in Oakland, Maine, July 11, 
1877, Alice Emma Goodwin, who was born in 
Belgrade, May 15, 1857, daughter of Charles 
N. and Emma C. (Ellis) Goodwin, a descend- 
ant of Daniel Goodwin, the immigrant. Two 
children have been born of this marriage : Carl 
Edgar, May 7, 1881, who died young; and 
Octavius Earl, born at East Lebanon, New 
Hampshire, April 4, 1885. 

( lY) Nathaniel, third son of John and Han- 
nah (Newcomb) Jennings, w^as born in Sand- 
wich, Massachusetts, May 26, 1772, or 1773, 
and died in Wayne. Alaine, Septeinber 28, 
1828. Samuel and John, the older brothers, 
moved to Littleborough (now Leeds), and 
Natlianiel, the only remaining son, stayed with 
his father, and on the death of the latter in 
1800 succeeded to the farm in Wavne, the 



STA'IM'. ( )!• MAINE. 



151 



clearing ami iiiiprovcuiuiU uf which he con- 
tinued." He was a man of energy and native 
abihly and a successful farmer. In 1816, after 
a road had been constructed on the north side 
of his farm, Nathaniel built the present man- 
sion occupieil by his grandson, Tudor G. Jen- 
nings, for years the largest taxpayer in Wayne. 
Nathaniel Jennings married Tabitha I'ord, 
who was born in Sandwich, Massachusetts, in 
1776, and died in Wayne, December 25, 1863, 
aged eighty-seven. Their children were : 
Lewis, Henry, Josiah, Isaac, Hannah, Mary, 
Newcomb, Joseph F., Robert (died young), 
Levi, Ro!)ert, Nathaniel and Lolon. Captain 
Joseph F., born October 30, 1804, died July 
24, 1870, became the owner of the homestead 
and was a man of property and influence. 

(V) Mary, born October 20, 1801, married 
John A. Pitts, of Winthrop, and died Septem- 
ber 15, 1876, at Butifalo, New York. (See 
Pitts \T.) 



(For first generation see George Morton I.) 

(II) lion. John, second son of 
MORTON George and Juliana (Carpen- 
ter) Morton, was born at Ley- 
den, Holland, 1616-17,, also came with his par- 
ents in the "Ann." He was admitted a free- 
man of the colony 7 June, 1648, chosen con- 
stable for Plymouth in 1654, one of the grand 
inquest of the county in 1660, elected by the 
freemen of Plymouth a deputy to the general 
court in 1662, tax assessor in 1664, selectman 
in 1666, collector of excise in 1668, and served 
the town of Plymouth in other important capa- 
cities. He removed to Middleboro, in the same 
county, where he was one of the "famous 
twenty-six original proprietors and founders," 
and in 1670 was the first representative of the 
town to the general court, which oflice he held 
until his death (1673). Among his colleagues 
in the general court in 1662 were his cousin, 
the Honorable Constant Southworth, Captain 
Peregrine White, Cornet Robert Stetson and 
Mr. William Peabody. Mr. Morton died at 
Middleboro, October 3. 1673. He married, 
about 1648-49, Lettice, whose surname is un- 
known. She afterwards became the second 
wife of Andrew Ring, and died 22 February, 
1691. Children of John and Lettice Morton, 
all born at Plymouth: John (died young), 
John, Deborah, Mary, Martha, Hannah, Es- 
ther. Manasseh and Ephraim. 

(HI) John (2), the eldest surviving child 
of Hon. John (i) and Lettice Morton, was 
born at Plymouth, December 21, 1650. Like 
others of his family, he was well educated, and 
to his effort is due the establishment of what 



is believed to be the lirst absolutely free pub- 
lic school in America, which he "erected and 
kept" at Plymouth in 1671, "for the education 
of children and youth." He was succeeded 
as teacher by Ammi Ruhamah Corlct, a grad- 
uate of Harvard, and son of the renowned 
Elijah Corlet, who, bred at Oxford, was for 
half a century master of the Latin School at 
Cambridge, Massachusetts. Mr. Morton died 
at Middleboro in 1717. He married (first) 
about 1680, Phebe ; (second) at Mid- 
dleboro, about 1687, Mary, daughter of An- 
drew and Deborah (Hopkins) Ring. Children 
of John (2) Morton by his first wife: Joanna 
and Phebe; by his second wife: Mary, John, 
Hannah, Ebeuezer, Deborah and Perez. 

(1\ ) Captain Ebenezer, fourth child of 
John (2) and Mary (Ring) Morton, was born 
at Middleboro, ig October, i6g6. He was a 
prominent citizen and served in the office of 
assessor, surveyor of highways, selectman, 
moderator of the town meeting, and captain of 
the militia. He died at Middleboro, 1750; 
married, 1720, Mercy Foster, born 1698, 
daughter of John and Hannah (Stetson) Fos- 
ter, of Plymouth. She died at Middleboro, 
April 4, 1782, aged eighty-four. Children of 
Captain Ebenezer and Mercy (Foster) Mor- 
ton, all born at Middleboro: Mercy, Mary, 
John, Ebenezer, Hannah, Deborah, Seth, 
Sarah, Nathaniel and Lucia. 

(V) Ebenezer (2), fourth child of Captain 
Ebenezer (i) and Mercy (Foster) Morton, 
was born at Middleboro, August 27, 1726; 
married there July 23, 1753, Mrs. Sarah Cobb. 
Children, all born in Middleboro: Mercy, 
Ebenezer, Phebe, Livy, Priscilla and Sarah. 

(\T) Priscilla, fifth child of Ebenezer (2) 
and Sarah (Cobb) Morton, was born Octo- 
ber 4, 1763; married, 1780, Seth Morton Jr., 
and died 19 February, 1847. 

(V) Seth, seventh child of Captain Ebe- 
nezer (i) and Mercy (Foster) Morton, was 
born at Middleboro, March 11, 1732, died Jan- 
uary 30, 1810; married (first) October 10, 
1751, Lydia Hall, of Sandwich; (.second) 
1757, Hepsibah Packard. Flepsibah died in 
1820. aged eighty-eight. Children of Seth 
Morton by his first wife : Phebe, Joshua, Seth ; 
by his second wife : Caleb, Samuel, Lydia, 
George, Hepsibah, Lsaac, Mercy, David and 
Sarah. 

(\T) Seth (2), third child of Seth (i) and 
Lydia (Hall) Morton, was born at Middle- 
boro, February 27, 1756. and died December 
3, 1805. He was a revolutionary soldier, a 
private in Captain Nehemiah Allen's company. 
Colonel Theophilus Cotton's regiment, and 



statp: of maixe. 



served thirty -one days on a secret expedition 
to Rhode Island in September and October, 
1777. He was also a private in Captain Al- 
len's company, of Colonel Jeremiah Hall's 
regiment. This company marched December 
8, 1776, to Bristol, Rhode Island, and was in 
service ninety-two days. He was also in Cap- 
tain John Barrow's company, Colonel Ebenezer 
Sproutt's regiment, serving from September 6 
to September 12, 1778; the company marched 
from Middleboro to Dartmouth on two alarms ; 
one in i\iay and one in September, 1778. Seth 
Morton was commissioned, October 28, 1778, 
second lieutenant in Captain Robert Finney's 
(Eleventh) company. Colonel Theophihis Cot- 
ton's (First Plymouth County) regiment of 
Massachusetts militia. His residence was al- 
ways in Middleboro. He married (first) No- 
vember 20, 1783, Rosamond Finney; (second) 
May 21, 1789, his cousin, Priscilla Morton, 
fifth child of Ebenezer (2) and Sarah (Cobb) 
Morton, who was born October 4, 1763, and 
died February 19, 1847. The only child by 
the first wife was Virtue. The children by 
the second wife were: Samuel, Phebe, Seth, 
Hepsibah, Ebenezer, Livy, Lydia and Elias. 

(VII) Phebe, second child and eldest daugh- 
ter of Seth (2) and Priscilla (Morton) Mor- 
ton, was born in Middleboro, May 15, 1791. 
She married, in Middleboro, January 14, 1809, 
Samuel Jennings, of Wayne, Maine. (See 
Jennings V.) 

From two immigrant ances- 
LOBDELL -tors, Simon Lobdell, of Mil- 
ford, Connecticut, and Nicho- 
las Lobdell, of Hingham, Massachusetts, are 
descended so far as known, all those of that 
name in this country. No relationship is traced 
between these men, although relationship is 
thought to have existed. The descendants of 
Nicholas, with only a few exceptions, have 
their homes in the eastern states. The name 
in various public records is spelled : Lobdale, 
Lobden. Lobdle, Lobdel, Lobdill and Lop- 
dell. 

(I) Nicholas Lobden, the compiler of the 
"Lobdell Genealogy," assumes that Nicholas 
Lobden (as the name was then spelled) came 
from Hastings. Kent county, England. "Nich- 
olas Lobden, a retainer of Captain James 
Lasher, Baron to Parliament, arrested on a 
plea for debt, prayed to be discharged, 22 
Sept., 1621." Letters from Sir Thomas Rich- 
ardson secured his pardon 3 Oct., 1621. James 
Lasher was mayor of the ville and port of 
Hastings, Kent, England. Nicholas Lobden 
had grants of land in Hingham, Massachusetts. 



in 1635-36, but whether he was a resident of 
the town for any time appears doubtful. Ho- 
bart's diary states "Goodman Lobdell's wife 
died 1641." Nicholas is supposed to have 
married (second) Bridget Pierce, sister of 
Michael Pierce, of Hingham, but this is only 
conjecture, and to have died about 1645-46. 
Mrs. Bridget Lobdell married (second) 1647- 
48, Nathaniel Bosworth, who left bequests in 
his will to Mary, Sarah, John and Nathan Lob- 
dell. These, together with Isaac, are supposed 
to be the children of Nicholas Lobden. 

(II) Isaac, son of Nicholas Lobden, with 
his brother John, was admitted freeman in 
1673. In 1681, Isaac Lobdell, in behalf of the 
selectmen of Hull, petitioned tliat Sergeant Na- 
thaniel Bosworth, of Hull, be empowered to 
arlminister oaths and to marry persons, and in 
1683 served on the grand jury at Plymouth. 
Isaac Lobdell, of Hull, Massachusetts, mar- 
ried Martha Ward, daughter of Samuel Ward, 
a wealthy citizen of Charlestown, then of 
Hingham, proprietor of large tracts of land in 
these towns and in Hull. Copy of a deed of 
land in Hull given by Isaac Lobdell and Mar- 
tha, his wife, to John Lobdell, May 17, 1670, 
is found in Sufifolk deeds, page 314. In the 
same records is found : "Isaac Lobdell of Hull 
(Yoeman) and wife, Martha, for love and af- 
fection to son Joseph of Boston (mariner) 
messuage in Hull and balance of lease for 
eighteen years in Bumpus Island ; also his 
negro slave. Sambo, etc. ; in consideration of 
support for life and sundry payments (yearly 
rent), March 15, 1702." Isaac Lobdell "well 
stricken in years," made his will March 22, 
1710, and it was probated May 4, 1718. He 
appointed son Joseph and Perry, ex- 
ecutors. The children of Isaac and Martha 
(Ward) Lobdell, were: Isaac, Samuel, 
Nicholas, Joseph, Mary, Abigail, Rebecca, 
Elizabeth and a daughter who married Mr. 
Lendall. 

(HI) Isaac (2), eldest child of Isaac (1) 
and Martha (Ward) Lobdell, was born June 
28, 1657. He was a soldier in Samuel Wads- 
worth's company in King Philip's war, 1675- 
76. In 1686 he took the oath at Plymouth and 
became a freeman. He died before 1718, at 
which time his father's will was proved and 
mentions children of "My son Isaac, deceased." 
He married (first) Sarah King, a daughter of 
Samuel King, of Plymouth. She was born 
January 31, 1666, and died March 27, 1697. 
On August 12, 1697, Isaac Lobdell was mar- 
ried to Hannah ]3ishop by Cotton Mather. 
The children, all by wife Sarah, and all but the 
youngest born at Plymouth, were : .A. daughter 



S'l'Al'l". < )!• iMAINK 



153 



(died yuuiiy), Sarah, .Marllia, Saiiuicl, and 
Ebenezer, wliosc sketch follows. 

(1\') Ebenezer. youns;est child of Isaac (2) 
<nnd Sarah (King) Lobdell, was baptized at 
Hull, November i. 169.4, died March 18, 1748. 
He was married (first) July 12, 1715, by Mr. 
Cishman to Lydia .Shaw, who was born No- 
vember 2, 1697, at I'lympton and died August 
15, 1745. She was the daughter of IJenoni 
and Lydia (Waterman) Shaw, of I'lympton. 
He married (second) December 18, 1745, 
Mercy, daughter of Ebenezer and Hannah 
(Sturtevant) Standish. and great-grand- 
daughter of Myles .Standish. .\s Widow Lob- 
dell she married Ijcnjamin Weston, and died 
February 22, 1794, aged seventy-seven. The 
children of Ebenezer and Lydia (Shaw) Lob- 
dell were: Isaac, Sarah, Lydia and Ezekiel. 

(V) Isaac (3), eldest child of Ebenezer and 
Lydia (Shaw) Lobdell, was born December 
26, 17 16, and resided at Plympton, where his 
children were born. He married, February 24, 
1 74 1, Ruth Clark, daughter of Thomas and 
Alice (Rogers) Clark. She died November 
26, 1797, in the eighty-third year of her age, 
and the following spring Mr. Lobdell removed 
to Falmouth, Maine, to make his home with 
his son Isaac. Fie died January 26, 1802, as 
shown by the .stone that marks his grave at 
Stroudwater. Children : Samuel, Sarah, De- 
borah, Hannah, Ebenezer, and Isaac, whose 
sketch follows. 

(\T) Captain Isaac (4), youngest child of 
Isaac (3) and Ruth (Clark) Lobdell, was 
born October 5, 1755, and died June 18, 1806. 
He settled in Maine and lived for years in 
Stroudwater, where he was buried. He was 
a soldier in the war of independence, and the 
following is his record as found in "The Sol- 
diers and Sailors of Massachusetts in the 
Revolutionary War": "Isaac Lobdill, Pri- 
vate, Captain John Bradford's company. Colo- 
nel Theophilus Cotton's regiment, which 
marched April 19, 1775, to Marshfield ; service 
twelve days ; reported enlisted into the army ; 
company probably belonged to Halifax and 
Plympton. Isaac Lobdell, Plympton. Pri- 
vate, Captain John Bradford's company. Colo- 
nel Theophilus Cotton's regiment ; muster roll 
dated Aug. i, 1775; enlisted May 2, 1775; 
service three months seven days. Isaac Lob- 
den, private. Captain Thomas Samson's com- 
pany. Colonel Thomas Lothrop's brigade, serv- 
ice, ten days ; reported, left service before being 
discharged ; company marched to Bristol, 
Rhode Island, on an alarm in December, 1776. 
Roll dated Plvmpton. Isaac Lobdell, sergeant. 
Lieutenant Ephraim Bowman's detaciiment 



from Captain .Andrew Lusk's company, Colo- 
nel Asa Burn's regiment ; entered service Oc- 
tober 14, 1781 ; discharged October 22, 1781 ; 
service eight days ; detachment marched to 
join the army at Saratoga by order of Gen- 
eral l^'ellows on the alarm at the northward of 
October 14, 1781." By deed dated May 9, 
1795. on record in Cumberland registry, Mary 
Billings, widow, of Falmouth, Alexander 
Nichols, Esq., of Bristol, and Margaret, his 
wife, in consideration of two hundred pounds 
conveyed to Isaac Lobdell, late of Kingston, 
Plymouth county, trader, a lot of land in Fal- 
mouth, being the same conveyed to James 
I-'order by .Samuel Waldo and 'Thomas West- 
brook. The house is now occupied by Augus- 
tus Tate, Stroudwater. He was called captain, 
and may have held office in the militia, but he 
is more likely to have got his title from his 
connection with the shipping industry. The 
tradition is that he brought his family to Fal- 
mouth in his own vessel. He must have been a 
stirring business man, and undoubtedly at- 
tracted to Falmouth by the great growth Port- 
land was having at that time. He had a farm 
in Scarboro, and is credited with many trans- 
actions in real estate, while his store in Stroud- 
water was the center of a large business. He 
contributed liberally toward the settlement and 
support of Rev. Caleb Bradley, frequently en- 
tertaining the pastor at his house, and served 
the parish in the office of treasurer. Isaac 
Lobdell married, December 21, 1776, Polly 
(Mary) Stetson, who was born September 7, 
1759, daughter of Caleb and Abigail (Brad- 
ford) Stetson, of Scituate. Alary Stetson was 
descended from William Bradford, the second 
governor of Plymouth Colony, as follows : 
Mary Stetson was the daughter of Abigail 
Bradford, who was the daughter of Samuel 
Bradford, who was the son of William (4), 
wdio was the son of William (3), the gov- 
ernor (see Bradford III, IV). Samuel Brad- 
ford married Sarah Gray, a native of Rhode 
Island, born June 10, 1737. Mrs. Lobdell oc- 
cupied the homestead at Stroudwater several 
years after the death of her husband, but be- 
fore 1820 she removed to Minot, where her 
home was the mecca of children and grand- 
children until her death, September 3, 1843, be- 
loved by her children, worshipped by her 
grandchildren, and respected by all who knew 
her. The children of Captain Isaac and Polly, 
his wife, were: Abigail, Nancy, Stetson. Mary 
Gray, Deborah, Isaac, Marcia, Charles and 
Edward Gray (twins). 

(YH) Isaac (5), second son of Captain 
Isaac (4) and Polly (Stetson) Lobdell. was 



154 



STATE OF MAINE. 



born May 17, 1789, and died July 31, 1832. 
He resided in Cape Elizabeth in the brick house 
on the State Reform School farm, which was 
taken down about igoo. Both he and his wife 
are buried in the cemetery at Stroudwater. 
He married Charlotte Pratt, who was born in 
1791 or 1793, in Cape Elizabeth, daughter of 
Zenas and Nancy (Thomas) Pratt, of Cape 
Elizabeth. She died February 27, 1840, aged 
forty-seven or forty-nine. Their children 
were: Theodore, Ann, Isaac, Charles, Mary, 
Edward and Elizabeth Gordon. 

(VHI) Mary, fifth child of Isaac (5) and 
Charlotte (Pratt) Lobdell, was bom in West- 
brook, December 12, 1819, and married, March, 
1842, Samuel Morton Jennings, of Wayne. 
(See Jennings \T.) She died at Oakland, 
September 15, 1893, and was buried at North 
Wayne. 



From earlv times the male mem- 
PITTS bers of the family of Pitts in 
Taunton, Massachusetts, were en- 
gaged in manufacturing, and among them have 
been men whose inventive genius and me- 
chanical skill have produced machines that 
have been of inestimable value to the world. 

(I) Peter Pitts, of Taunton, who came from 
England and settled there before 1643, was the 
pioneer ancestor of the well-known family of 
this surname of whom different members have 
been distinguished as manufacturers in Fitch- 
burg, Leominster and Lancaster, Massachu- 
setts, Springfield, Ohio, Alton and Chicago, 
Illinois, Albany, Rochester and Buffalo, New 
York. Peter Pitts married Mary Hodges, 
widow of William Hodges, and daughter of 
Henry Andrews, about 1651. His will was 
made at Bristol, Rhode Island, where he died 
in 1692, and it was proved January 12, 1692- 
93. His children named in his will were : 
Samuel, Peter, Alice, Mary and Sarah. 

(II) Samuel, eldest son of Peter and Mary 
(Andrews) (Flodges) Pitts, was born about 
1660, and married, March 25, 1680, Sarah 
Bobbett, daughter of Edward Bobbett. Chil- 
dren : Sarah, born IMarch 10, 1681 ; Mary, 
March 10, 1685; Henry, July 13, 1687; Abi- 
gail, February 3, 1689 • Peter, August 8, 1692 ; 
and Ebenezer, next mentioned. 

(III) Ebenezer, youngest child of Samuel 
and Sarah (Bobbett) Pitts, was boni Novem- 
ber 27, 1694. He resided in Taunton and 
was a well-known manufacturer of clocks. 
The destruction of the town records of Taun- 
ton render it impossible to give the names of 
all his children. 

(IV) Seth, probably a son of Ebenezer Pitts, 



was born about 1734 in Taunton, Massachu- 
setts, and died in Maine. He was a soldier in 
the French and Indian war and held the rank 
sergeant. In the "Massachusetts Soldiers 
and Sailors of the Revolutionary War" there 
are six entries of service by Seth Pitts, the 
first being August 12, 1775, and the others 
being in the years 1776-78-80-81. Whether 
all these terms of service can be credited to 
one man is doubtful, but as Seth Pitts is noted 
as "of Taunton" in three cases, and as the roll 
was sworn to at Taunton in another case, there 
is little room to doubt that .Seth Pitts of this 
sketch assisted in establishing the independ- 
ence of his country. The records are as fol- 
lows: I. Seth Pitts, private. Captain James 
Perry's company, Colonel Paul Dudley Sar- 
gent's regiment ; muster roll dated August 12, 
1775; enlisted August 20, 1775 (service not 
given) ; also, company return dated October 
6, 1775; also, order for bounty coat or its 
equivalent in money dated Camp before Bos- 
ton, November 14, 1775. 2. Seth Pitts, Taun- 
ton, private. Captain Matthew Randell's com- 
pany, Colonel Thomas Marshall's regiment ; 
abstract for advance pay, mileage, etc., dated . 
Camp at Hull, June 18, 1776; also, same com- 
pany and regiment; enlisted June i. 1776; 
service to November i, 1776, five months; 
also, same company and regiment; pay roll for 
November, 1776; service one month two days 
including travel home. 3. Seth Pitts, private, 
Captain Matthew Randal's company. Colonel 
John Daggett's regiment, enlisted January 7, 
1778; discharged April i, 1778; service, two 
months twenty-six days, at Rhode Island ; 
regiment raised to serve for three months 
from January I, 1778. 4. Seth Pitts, private, 
Captain Josiah King's company, Colonel John 
Daggett's regiment ; entered service August 25, 
1778; discharged September i, 1778; service, 
eight days, at Rhode Island ; company de- 
tached from militia. Roll sworn to at Taun- 
ton. 5. Seth Pitts, private. Captain Israel 
Trow's company, Colonel Isaac Dean's (Bris- 
tol County) regiment; entered service August 
I, 1780; discharged August 7, 1780; service 
nine days, at Rhode Island on the alarm of 
August I, 1780, including travel (2 days) 
home. Roll dated Norton (eight miles from 
Taunton). I<"amily tradition says he was a 
captain and took his third son Sliubael, aged 
nine years, as his servant. After the revo- 
lution, Maine ofifered a promising field for 
ambitious men who wanted to avail themselves 
of the advantages of its virgin soil and oppor- 
tunities to build homes and factories. Seth 
Pitts was a man of energy and foresight and 



STATE OF MAINE. 



'55 



saw opinirlimilii. s in the new UTritory th.it 
caused him to settle there. Selh I'itts, senior, 
was taxed in llallowcll or Augusta in 1785. 
His son lehal)od was taxed there in 1786 
and son Siiuhael in 1796. In 1788 the 
record in the Kennebec Registry of Deeds 
shows that Selh Pitts boiis^ht hind in Win- 
throp, and the lax list of 1790 shows 
that he was assessed in Winthrop that year. 
In 1797 he bought about three hundred acres 
in Siflne\. Setli Pitts made a will which was 
proved in the Probate Court of Kennebec 
Count}', and in the will is found the names 
of iiis children as follows: Seth, Ichabud, 
Shubael, .\biel, Elizabeth, Rosanna, Celia, 
Polly, Abigail ami Sally. 

(V) Abiel, fourth .son of Seth Pitts, was 
a blacksmith and resided in Clinton, Maine, 
wiiere he died March i, 1837. He marriecl 
Abiah Wade, and they were the parents of : 
Olive, born 1792, died October 10, 1818. John 
Avery and Pliram Abial (twins) (see below). 
Calvin Wade, born April 25, 1802, married 
(second) Margaret Alelcher. Betsev, mar- 
ried, 1826, Peter Trask, of Dixficld'. Par- 
thenia, married, 1826, Thomas Eustis, of Jay. 
Selah, born Eebruary 10, 1807. Lydia, June 
10, 1810. Mary, December 12, 1812. Sarali, 
September 15, 181 5. 

(VI) John Avery, eldest son of Abiel and 
Abiah (Wade) Pitts, and twin brother of 
Fliram Abial Pitts, was born in Clinton, Maine, 
December 8, 1799, died in Puffalo, New York, 
July I, 1859. Both sons received common 
school educations and learned the blacksmith 
trade in their father's shop. They lived in 
Winthrop for some years, where they carried 
on their trade in a stone building on the main 
street, near the cemetery. This building is 
still standing. Abiel Pitts went to Winthrop 
in 1806, and in 181 1 bought land at the head 
of Bowdoin street, where in 1813 he built the 
two-story house now standing, and still known 
as the "Pitts house." This continued to be his 
home the remainder of his life. In the cem- 
etery rest the remains of Olive Pitts, and 
several of her brothers and sisters. The 
brothers early developed mechanical and in- 
ventive abilities. In 1830 they patented a 
threshing machine with an improved railway 
or tread power, which consisted in the sub- 
stitution inider the movable platform, con- 
nected by an endless chain of rollers, for the 
leather belt. They began the manufacture of 
this device, introducing it in the New Eng- 
land states, in connection with the common 
thresher, or "ground hog," as it was some- 
times called. Later they conceived the idea of 



combining this im])ro\ement, applied to the 
old-fashioned thresher, with the common fan- 
ning mill, in a portable form, and after years 
of labor, produced in 1834, the first practicable 
sejjarating thresher put to actual use. Other 
improvements were gradually added by the 
two brothers, and on December 29, 1847, ^ 
joint patent was granted to them for the new 
machine; which was the original of the great 
i'amil\- of "endless apron" separators. These 
machines were capable of threshing from three 
hundred to five hundred bushels of wheat in a 
day. John A. Pitts left Maine, and engaged 
in manufacturing threshing machines first in 
Albany, New York, then in Rochester, later in 
Springfield, Ohio, and finally in Buffalo, New 
York, where he organized the Pitts Agricul- 
tural Works in 1837. This was the olde.^t 
company making threshing machines in the 
country and it is still in existence, having been 
incorporated in 1877 as the Buffalo Pitts Com- 
pany. He subsequently invented an attach- 
ment for measuring and registering the num- 
ber of bushels threshed ancl bagged, and re- 
ceived a gold medal at the Paris Exposition 
of 1855. Hiram A. Pitts, went to Alton, Illi- 
nois, in 1847, and began to manufacture his 
machine in the shops of a brother-in-law, but 
becoming dissatisfied with the conditions, soon 
constructed a new thresher, a number of which 
he sold on plantations along the Missouri river. 
He settled in Chicago, Illinois, in October, 
1 85 1, and there continued the manufacture of 
his machine, making many valuable improve- 
ments to it. He secured in all fourteen dif- 
ferent patents, among them one "for a chain 
pump," one for a machine for breaking iiemp 
and separating the stalks from the fiber, and 
several for corn and cob mills. He died in 
Chicago, Illinois. September, i860, leaving his 
business to his four sons. John A. Pitts mar- 
ried at North Wayne, ]\larch 22, 1826, Mary 
Jennings, of Wayne, who was born in Wayne, 
October 20, 1801, daughter of Nathaniel 'and 
Tabitha (Ford) Jennings (see Jennings I\"). 
She died at Buffalo, New York, September 15, 
1876. Their children were: i. Horatio, born 
March 31, 1827, died in Plavana, Cuba. 2. 
John Benian, born February 22, 1833, mar- 
ried Belle Perrin, and they had two children, 
John and Belle. 3. Mary Ann, mentioned be- 
low. 4. Emma, born November 13, 1829. 5. 
George W., died young. 6. George W.. died 
young. 

(\TI) Mary Ann, daughter of John A. and 
Mary (Jennings) Pitts, was born in Win- 
throp, January 8, 1831, and died December 11, 
1890, in Butifalo, New York. She married, at 



156 



STATE OF MAINE. 



Springfield, Ohio, April 7, 185 1, James Bray- 
ley, who was born in Exeter, England, in the 
parish of Swinbridge, county Devon, April 6, 
1817, and died in New York, April 17, 1883. 
Wary Pitts inherited from her father a large 
interest in the Buffalo Pitts Company. This 
she transmitted to her three daughters, who 
became the owners of the establishment, which 
employs nine hundred persons. The children 
of this union were: Mary Pitts, Carrie, Os- 
mond, Alice, John and Grace B. i. Mary 
Pitts, born February 3, 1854, married, August 
24, 1876, John R. Gomez, of Malaga, Spain, 
born November 15, 1849, died July 19, 1902. 
They had six children : i. John, born Septem- 
ber, 1877, died young; ii. Mary, born 1879, 
died young; iii. Guiilermo Jorge, born April 
28, 1881, resides in Buffalo, New York; he 
married Louise Griffin, November 28, 1907 ; 
iv. Carlos Eduardo, born December 20, 1882, 
married Evelyn Bell, April 22, 1908, and lives 
in Buffalo; v. Rafael Meliton, born July 31, 
1884, is in Malaga; vi. Juan, born February 
22, 1888, is in Buft'alo. 2. Carrie, born Alarch 
26, 1858, died April i, 1859. 3- Osmond, 
born June 21, 1859, '^^^^ February 16, 1859. 
4. Alice, February 27, 1861, married, April 
17, 1883, Carleton Sprague, of Buff'alo, born 
December 24, 1858. 6. John, born November 
16, 1862, died December 3, 1863. 6. Grace, 
born August 17, 1864, married, December 14, 
J893, Francis Root Keating, who was born in 
Buffalo, .-Vpril 25, 1862, and died in Buffalo, 
January 7, 1901. They had three children: 
i. Alice, born November 12, 1894; ii. Alary 
Caroline, born June 10, 1898; iii. Francis 
Ruth, born June 10, 1900. 

Edward Colborne, immigrant 
COBURN ancestor, came to New Eng- 
land in 1635, in the ship "De- 
fense," at the age of seventeen. He settled 
in Ipswich and remained there for more than 
thirty years. In this town he married Han- 
nah , and there all his children were 

born. In 1668 he purchased from John 
Evered, alias Webb, sixteen hundred acres of 
land in "Draycott upon the Mirrimack," and 
removed with his family to Dracut. In 1671 
he purchased more land in the same town. He 
and Samuel Yarnum, who had been neigh- 
bors in Ipswich, were the earliest settlers of 
Dracut, and as Varnum lived until 1676 on 
the Chelmsford side of the river, Edward Co- 
■burn is believed to have been the first perma- 
nent settler in the town of Dracut. There 
has never been a time since when representa- 
tives of these two families, Coburn and \'ar- 



num, have not occupied lands handed down 
from father to son from the earliest settlers. 
Edward Coburn's six sons built themselves 
houses on the portions of land allotted to them, 
and there removed their young families. As 
they occupied an outpost of the frontier the 
father built a garrison house for the com- 
mon defense against the savages. Edward Co- 
burn died in Dracut, February 17, 1700, hav- 
ing deeded his lands to his sons while living. 
Children: I. Edward, born 1642, killed at 
Brookfield, August 2, 1675. 2. John, born 
1644, died January 31, 1695; married, March 
16, 167 1, Susannah Read, of Salem; married 
(second), Elizabeth Richardson, who died 
January 3, 1740. 3. Robert, born 1647, died in 
Concord, June 7, 1701 ; married, JSlarch 16, 
1671, Mary Bishop. 4. Thomas, born 1648; 
married, August 6, 1672, Hannah Rouf, of 
Chelmsford; married (second) November 17, 
1681, Mary Richardson, daughter of Captain 
Josiah Richardson, of Chelmsford. 5. Dan- 
iel, born 1654, died in Dracut, August i, 1712, 
lived at Dracut and Concord ; married, in Con- 
cord, June 18, 1685, Sarah Blood, daughter 
of Robert, who was born August i, 1658, and 
died in Dracut, June i, 1741. 6. Ezra, born 
March 16, 1658, died June, 1739; married, 
November 22, 1681, Hannah, daughter of Sam- 
uel \arnum, born May 22, 1661. 7. Joseph, 
born June 12, 1661, mentioned below. 8. Han- 
nah, born 1664; married, September 28, 1682, 
Thomas Richardson; married (second) John 
Wright. 9. Lydia, born August 20, 1666. 

(II) Deacon Joseph, son of Edward Co- 
burn, was born in Ipswich, June 12, 1661, and 
died at Dracut, November 13, 1733. He re- 
moved with his father to the Dracut purchase, 
and July 8th, after his twenty-first birthday, 
received from his father the title to one- 
eighth of the Evered- Webb land. November 
7, 1699, his father gave him a deed to the 
homestead and the garrison house. He filled 
several public ofifices, being selectman of Dra- 
cut 171 2-16, 1 72 1. He married (first) Han- 
nah , who died September 22, 1722; 

(second) intention recorded December 8, 1722, 
Deborah W'right, widow of Joseph Wright, 
daughter of John Stevens, of Chelmsford. 
Children, all by first wife, born in Dracut: i. 
Hannah, September 9, 1684. 2. Mary, Octo- 
ber 22, 1688 ; married, in Concord, May 6, 
1714, Ezekiel Richardson, son of Thomas and 
Hannah (Coburn) Richardson. 3. Sarah, Oc- 
tober 18, 1690. 4. Lydia, January 18, 1692. 
5. Joseph, born April 4, 1695 ; married in Con- 
cord, January 26, 1709, Hannah Harwood, 
died September 21, 1758; she died November 



STATl". < )!•■ MAINE 



'57 



14, 1760. 6. l^dwanl, born July 9, 1697. 7. 
Aaron, May 27, 1700, niciitioiicd below. 8. 
Moses, January 1, 1703, married. July 7, 1730, 
Deborah Wright, daughter of Joseph and De- 
borah (Stevens) Wright, the latter being his 
stepmother. He died June 5, 1742, and she 
married second Deacon Edward Coburn. 

(III) Aaron, son of Jose])h Coburn, was 
born at Dracut, May 27, 1700, and died in the 
same town,. February 24, 1745. He married 
(published December 9, 1722) Mercy Varnum, 
daughter of Thomas and Joanna (Jewett) 
Varnum. of Dracut, born April 17, 1702, died 
1785. Thomas Varnum, father of Mercy, was 
born in Ipswich, November 19, 1662, died in 
Dracut, September 7, 1739: married, Novem- 
ber 10, 1697. Joanna, daughter of Nehemiaii 
and Exercise ( Pierce) Jewett, of Ipswich, who 
was born May 8, 1677, and died April 6, 1753. 
Thomas was son of Samuel Varnum, wdio 
came to New England about 1635 with his 
parents, George and Hannah Varnum, settled 
in Ipswich, and married .Sarah Langton. In 
1664 he purchased a tract of land on the Mer- 
rimac river and removed to Chelmsford and 
later came to Dracut, becoming one of the 
first two settlers of the latter town, the other 
being Edward Coburn. Two of his sons were 
killed by the Indians while crossing the Merri- 
mac river in a boat, November 18, 1676. The 
two families, Coburn and Varnum, were al- 
ways intimately associated, and were much in- 
termarried during the earlier generations. 
Children of Aaron and Mercy (Varnum) Co- 
burn: I. Hannah, born March 22, 1724. mar- 
ried (published September 12, 1744) William 
Foster, of Chelmsford. 2. Deborah, born Sep- 
tember 24. 1727, died July 21, 1824; married 
(published November 29, 1753) Daniel Co- 
burn, born January 23, 1724, died May 12, 
1755. She married second (published August 
24, 1767) Timothy Coburn, who died June 

15, 1781. 3. Aaron, born March 6, 1731 : 
married, November 6, 1755, Phebe Harris, of 
Hollis, New Hampshire. 4. Eleazer, born 
March 4, 1735, mentioned below. 

(IV) Eleazer, son of Aaron Coburn, was 
born at Dracut. March 4, 1735. He married 
(intention dated at Dracut, November i, 1760) 
Bridget Flildreth. daughter of Robert Hil- 
dreth, of Dracut, and granddaughter of Ma- 
jor Ephraim Hildreth, a prominent citizen of 
that town. She was born at Dracut, May 16, 
1737. They lived in that part of Dunstable 
which was afterwards set oflf as Tyngsboro, 
where their children were born. He served in 
the revolution, being a private in Captain But- 
terfield's company, Colonel David Green's regi- 



ment, that marched on the Lexington alarm, 
April 19, 1775; also in Captain John Ford's 
company in 1776, marching from Chelmsford, 
July 25, 177^), discharged at Albany, New 
York, January i, 1777. In 1790, after the 
death of his oldest son and the marriage of 
three of his daughters, he moved with his re- 
maining family to Lewiston, Maine, wdiere his 
wife's brother', Paul Hildreth, had settled. In 
1792 they came to Canaan, Maine, where the 
second daughter, Deborah, wife of John Em- 
ery, lived. She and her husband received 
them in their home, and John Emery, who 
was one of the early settlers of Canaan, gave 
his father-in-law fifty acres of the grant he 
himself had received from the Kennebec Com- 
pany. Eleazer Coburn soon built a log house 
near the Emerys, where the family lived till 
Eleazer (2d), at the time of his marriage, 
built the first frame house on the same spot. 
The children of Eleazer and Bridget married 
and settled round them, and they passed their 
old age in the home of their son Eleazer. 
Eleazer Coburn died May 7, 1810. His wife 
survived him twenty-six years, and died in 
her one hundredth }ear, September 18, 1836. 
She is remembered as an old lady, lovely in 
face and character, deeply pious, and very 
affectionate towards her numerous grandchil- 
dren, by whom she was adored. In her last 
years she was blind, but was always alert in 
mind and quick in .sympathy. Her room was 
the first place sought by the grandsons return- 
ing from the woods or from college, and they 
received from her unstinted sympathy with all 
their interests. When she died she was 
mourned as if she had been a young mother. 
Children of Eleazer and Bridget (Hildreth) 
Coburn, born in Tyngsboro, Massachusetts : 
I. Bridget, March 12, 1762; married Dr. Shat- 
tuck, and settled in Vermont; died April 18, 
1824. 2. Deborah, December 23, 1763; died 
June 23, 1853; married, January 9, 1786, 
John Emery, son of John and Mary (Alon- 
roe) Emery; he was born in Acton, Massa- 
chusetts, November 20, 1753, and died Febru- 
ary 26, 1848. 3. Esther, November i, 1765, 
died January 9, 1846; married, 1796, Ephraim 
Bigelow, son of James and Mary (Sawyer) 
Bigelow, born March 23, 1772, died January 
10, 1838. 4. Sally, born October 7, 1767, mar- 
ried John Pierce, and moved to Starkboro, 

Vermont; married (second) Potter. 

She was living in 1845. 5. Aaron, September 
10, 1769; killed by a fall from a tree, Jan- 
uary 13, 1790. 6. Prudence, January 16, 
1772; married, May 10, 1794, Robinson Lan- 
der, son of Freeman and Thankful (Hinckley) 



158 



STATE OF MAIXE. 



Lander; lived in Lewiston and Skowhegan, 
died in Skowhegan, September 20, 1851. 7. 
Rachel, November 8, 1774; died April 12, 
1822 ; married Samson Parker, who was born 
April 2, 1768, and died August 25, 1851. 8. 
Eleazer, February 24, 1777, mentioned below. 
9. Robert, July 29, 1780; married Mary Par- 
ker, sister of Samson, in 1805, died March 8, 
1862. She was born December, 1785, and 
died September 17, 1856. He was a Baptist 
minister, and lived in Newport, Maine. 10. 
Betsey, May 15, 1785; married John Whittier, 
lived in Cornville, died November 5, 1855. He 
was born February 13, 1784, and died Novem- 
ber 2, 1861. 

(V) Eleazer (2), son of Eleazer (i) Co- 
burn, was born in Tyngsboro, Alassachusetts, 
February 24, 1777. and when fifteen years old 
came with his father's family to that part of 
Canaan, Maine, which was afterwards Bloom- 
field, and is now included in Skowhegan. He 
went to work for Samuel Weston, afterwards 
his father-in-law, at that time the principal 
surveyor of the region, and a leading man in 
the community. He learned of him the sur- 
veying business, and became one of the most 
prominent land surveyors of his day. The vir- 
gin forests of the state were just beginning to 
find a market, and as a preliminary to sale, 
needed to be "run out."' For this service he 
had exceptional qualifications, and was in the 
front rank of his profession. He was an 
expert as to the relative value of the various 
sections he was employed to explore and sur- 
vey, and was enabled to make choice purchases 
at the low figures then charged by the State. 
In 1830, in partnership with his sons Abner 
and Philander, he began lumbering on the 
Kennebec river, and the firm under ihe name 
of E. Coburn & Sons conducted a prosperous 
business. The business was continued after 
the father's death under the name of .\. & P. 
Coburn. 

Eleazer Coburn, or Squire Coburn, as he 
was generally called, was for forty years one 
of the most prominent men of his section, a 
position which he owed to his strong com- 
mon sense, his business sagacity, and his un- 
usual force of character. With scanty early 
education, he made the best use of his oppor- 
tunities, and was counted among the best in- 
formed men of his day. He studied the legal 
books in the library of his father-in-law, which 
fell to him at the death of the latter, and be- 
came well versed in the principles of the law. 
He was appointed justice of the peace when a 
young man, and at a period when it was not 
customary to call on ministers for that service. 



he performed many marriages. He was se- 
lectman of Canaan 1800. 1802-g, and first 
selectman 181 1 and 1813. He was first select- 
man of Bloomfield the year it was incorpor- 
ated, 1814, and also in 1815 and 1816. For 
many years he served the town on its most 
important committees. He represented his dis- 
trict in the general court of Massachusetts in 
1812, 1813 and 1814. When Maine became 
a state in 1820 he was a member of the con- 
stitutional convention at Portland, and was 
sent to the i\laine house of representatives 
1820-21-26-29-31. He was connected with the 
Federalist and Whig parties in politics. He 
was on the board of trustees of Bloomfield 
Academy, and was trustee of Waterville Col- 
lege from 1836 till his ('eath. 

Eleazer Coburn was a man of great natural 
ability, and of remarkable personality. He 
was an active and exemplary member of the 
Baptist church, and one of its chief pillars. 
He was one of the foremost in organizing a 
temperance society in Bloomfield, and was its 
president for several years. He was presi- 
dent of the County Temperance Society, and 
said he considered it the most honorable office 
he ever held. He was the first president of 
the first agricultural society in the county. In 
his later years he was an ardent .Abolitionist, 
and at one time went with a friend to make 
abolotionist speeches in neighboring towns. It 
is said that he was a more ready and effective 
speaker than any of his sons. He possessed 
a shrewd wit, and was a hearty laugher, as 
were all the family. As a father he did not 
practice the stern discipline usual in his gen- 
eration, but was gentle with his younger chil- 
dren, and like an older brother with his grown- 
up sons, advising with them on terms of 
equality as they came into manhood. He was 
kind hearted and liberal, and many stories are 
told of his sometimes qui.xotic generosity. He 
had the faculty of attaching his friends to him, 
so that many years after his death he was 
spoken of by aged men in terms of tender af- 
fection. He died at the age of sixty-eight, 
January 9, 1845. 

He married, January 18, 1801, Mary Wes- 
ton, daughter of Samuel and Mary (White) 
Weston, and granddaughter of Joseph Weston, 
one of the first two settlers of Canaan. (An 
account of the Weston family is given else- 
where.) She was a strenuous worker, as she 
had need to be to conduct her household. Be- 
sides her fourteen children, thirteen of whom 
lived to maturity, several boys were brought up 
in the family. A sister of her husband, with 
two sons, found a home there, as well as the 



STATI': Ol" MAINE. 



i;o 



aged graiidiiiotlicr. Tlic tailorcss was in the 
home nearly tlie year round, and the shoe- 
maker spent several week's there each falk 
The family was seldom less than twenty, and 
there was always room for another. The 
mother, lil<e her ni-ighbors, spun and wove her 
own blankets, sheets and towels, made her own 
butter, cheese, candles, soap, &c., and knit her 
family's hosiery. No wonder she learned to 
use every moment, and in her old age was 
never seen without work in her hands. With 
all her labors she found time to go to church 
regularly and to minister to the needy of the 
comnuuiity. She died in the home of her sons 
A. & P.. December 21, i860. 

Children of Eleazer and Mary (Weston) 
Coburn, all born in Bloomfield (now Skovvhe- 
gan) : 1. Nahum, born October 8, 1801, died 
October 28, 1822. 2. Abner, born March 22, 
1803, mentioned below. 3. Fidelia, born Feb- 
ruary 2, 1805: married at Waterloo, Cjinada 
West, October 6, 1847, Rev. John .S. Brooks, 
died at York, Sierra Leone, Africa, January 
II, 1830. She was educated at \Vinthrop 
Academy, and was for a number of years a suc- 
cessful teacher in her home town. She was 
for seven years, 1842-49, a missionary among 
the fugitive slaves in Queen's Bush, Canada. 
In 1849 she went with her hu.sband as a mis- 
sionary to the Mcndi in West Africa, but died 
of fever before reaching her station. She was 
a woman of strong character, vigorous in mind 
and body, devotedly religious and self-sacrific- 
ing to the limit of endurance. 4. Philander, 
born February 19, 1807, mentioned below. 5. 
Eliza, born February 6, 1809; married. May 7, 
1829, Isaiah Marston, son of Kenelom and 
Lucy (Bates) Marston, lived in West Water- 
ville and Skowhegan, died in Skowhegan, 
March 12, 1874. She had children, born in 
West Waterville : i. Erastus Wheeler, March 
14. 1830, married May 7, 1861, Mary S. Fi.ske, 
(second) Addie Page Snothen. ii. Alonzo Co- 
burn, January 6, 1832, married, November 14, 
1877, Delia G. Kcelor. iii. Fidelia Coburn, 
May 14, 1834, married, May, 1862, Calvin R. 
Hubbard, died March 4, 1867. iv. Elvira 
Coburn, May 26, 1837, died February 18, 
1876. v. Mary Coburn, May 4, 1839, married 
Albert H. Weston, December 25, 1878. vi. 
Julia Ann. January 9, 1841, married, January 
14, 1867, William FL Long, died July 7, 1887. 
vii. Helen Eliza, May 2, 1844, fl'^d May 31, 
1865. viii. Charles Albert. May 26. 1851, mar- 
ried, October 4, 1876. Sarah P. Steward, died 
December 3, 1905. 6. Elvira, born February 
5, 1811, died July 17, 1867. 7. Alonzo, born 
December 6, 181 2, married, January 30, 1877, 



Vine W. Osgood, daughter of John Coffin Os- 
good, of Eaton, New Hampshire, died Novem- 
ber 19, 1882. She died in Skowhegan, June 
28, 1900. Fie prepared for college in Water- 
ville and China academies, graduated from 
Waterville College 1841, and from Harvard 
Law School in 1845, formed a law partner- 
ship with his brother Stephen under the name 
of A. & S. Coburn, with an office in their na- 
tive town, but soon left the practice of law and 
settled upon a farm. Fie was exemplary in his 
life, honorable and charitable, always ready to 
extend a helping hand to the needy. 8. Sam- 
uel Weston, born July 14, 1815, mentioned be- 
low. 9. Stephen, born November 11, 1817, 
mentioned below. 10. Eleazer, born February 
9, 1820, married, A])ril 15, 1845, Eleanor 
Leighton Emery, daughter of Levi and Lydia 
(Leighton) (Flagg) Emery. He was a lum- 
berman and farmer, and settled on the home 
farm, where he died March 10, 1850. His 
wife, born .September 16, 1820, married (sec- 
ond) Charles K. Turner, April 16, 1854, died 
September 25, 1892. 11. Charles, born March 
5, 1822; fitted for college at Waterville Acad- 
emy, graduated from Waterville College in 
1844 with a brilliant record; was principal of 
Bloomfield Academy the fall term of 1844, 
died October 30, 1844. 12. Mary Weston, 
born September 30, 1824, died April 21, 1874. 
She was preceptress of Bloomfiehl Academy 
for several years, while her brothers, Stephen 
and Charles, were principals. After the death 
of her father she lived with her brothers Ab- 
ner and Philander, keeping the home for them. 
13. Sylvanus Pitts, born March 5, 1827; went 
to California in 1849, ^^'^^ engaged in mining 
and other occupations till 1854. when he 
bought a ranch at Santa Clara, and went into 
the thoroughbred Durham cattle business. In 
1864 he removed to a ranch on Pomponia 
Creek, and in 1868 came to Pescadero, and 
went into company with his nephew, E. W. 
Marston, in the stage coach and livery business. 
He died unmarried at Pescadero. California, 
January 18. 1874. He was a man of integrity 
and a loyal friend. 14. Sarah Pitts (twin), 
born March 5, 1827, died August 28, 1827. 

(VI) Governor Abner Coburn. second son 
of Eleazer (2) Coburn, was born in that part 
of Canaan now embraced in Skowhegan, 
March 22, 1803, and resided during the whole 
of his busy and eventful life within a few 
miles of his birthplace. From his Puritan an- 
cestors he inherited a robust constitution, 
sound practical sense, and mental powers of 
a high order, and he was taught from child- 
hood the distinctively Puritan virtues of in- 



i6o 



STATE OF MAINE. 



tegrity and intlustry. In his young days every 
man was expected to live by the labor of his 
hands. Agriculture was the almost universal 
occupation, and in the interior of Maine the 
clearing of land, the making of new farms, 
and the building of new' homes called for a life 
of unceasing toil by all. As soon as Abner 
Coburn was old enough he began to make 
himself useful in the miscellaneous labor of 
the farm, and he continued throughout his life 
to be an exceedingly industrious man. For 
education, he had what the district school 
could give him. supplemented by a few of the 
first terms of Bloomfield Academy. Before he 
was twenty he was doing a man's work on the 
farm, and teaching school in the winter at $io 
per month, and "boarding round." He learned 
surveying of his father, and when he was 
twenty-two years old began to work on his 
own account as a surveyor. 

In 1830 Eleazer Coburn and his sons Abner 
and Philander began lumbering operations on 
the Kennebec river, their first purchase of 
timber lands being made at that date. The 
business was continued under the name of E. 
Coburn & Sons until 1845, when the father 
died, and the firm was reorganized as A. & P. 
Coburn. Few business firms in Maine were 
so widely known as this one, or did so larg-e a 
business. It may be safely said that no firm 
was more successful, or won a more enviable 
reputation for sagacity and business integrity. 
For a generation the Coburn Brothers were 
known as leading business men from the 
source to the mouth of the Kennebec, ^lany 
men in Northern Somerset, who began to 
work for them as boys, grew grey in their em- 
ployment. These hardy, intelligent lumbermen 
gave to their chiefs a loyal service such as few 
employers have received, and no employers 
have been more worthy of such service. Some 
who began as boys in their employ became 
men of property, and independent operators. 
They gave a start in business to a large num- 
ber of men who became successful, and kept 
others from failure and ruin by helping them 
over hard places and setting them on their 
feet again, thus saving them to the business 
interests of the community. The firm of A. 
& P. Coburn did not obtain prosperity by 
sharp practices, or unworthy competition with 
others or wild speculation, but by sane and 
legitimate business methods, through industry 
and forethought. The secret of their success 
in the land and lumber business lay in their 
rare judgment in buying, and their tenacity in 
liolding when times of disaster came. They 
pursued the policy of buying lands whenever 



they could to advantage, and holding them, 
regardless of the ups and downs of the market. 
They foresaw the growth of New ^ England 
unler the stimulating influence of railway de- 
velopment, and they'" knew that Maine timber 
lands would have an increasing value as years 
went by. Thus they came to be the largest 
landowners in the state, possessing at one time 
seven hundred square miles. They also ac- 
quired manv thousands of acres of valuable 
land in the West, in Michigan, Wisconsin, Da- 
kota and Washington. 

Speaking of the remarkable credit enjoyed 
by this firm, a Boston business man said : "I 
never saw anything like it. I knew the Co- 
burns when I was selling goods in the Kenne- 
bec Valley in the Forties. There was hardly 
any money in the region, but it seemed to me 
that nearly every local storekeeper and well- 
to-do farmer had a piece of paper, signed A. 
& P. .Coburn. which they held to be as good as 
money, and which had been given for produce 
for the lumber camps. Indeed, I think they 
were used as currency. Everybody had confi- 
dence in them." These notes were all paid. It 
is said that when Abner Coburn was governor 
he on more than one occasion affixed A. & P. 
Coburn to a bill which the legislature had 
enacted, so accustomed was he to signing the 
firm name. 

The Coburns became interested in railroad 
enterprises in 1854, when they led a subscrip- 
tion for the Somerset and Kennebec Railroad 
Company for the purpose of building a line to 
Skowhcgan. From the first, one or the other 
of the iDrothers was a director of this road, 
and for several years prior to its perpetual 
lease to the Portland & Kennebec, Abner Co- 
burn was its president, becoming afterwards 
a director of the consolidated line. After sev- 
eral years of confiict with the Maine Central 
Company, the Portland & Kennebec was con- 
solidated with it under the name of Alaine Cen- 
tral, and Abner Coburn became one of the 
directors of the new company. In 1873 he was 
made president of the Maine Central Railroad 
Company and managed the road in the inter- 
ests of the stockholders, regardless of those 
who wished to make it subservient to other 
purposes, notably that of bolstering up the al- 
most bankrupt Eastern Railroad. His manage- 
ment of the Maine Central was a model of 
economy and efficiency. In 1878, after serving 
three years, he .resigned the presidency. 

The great service which Governor Coburn, 
as he was generally called, rendered Maine in 
the development of its railroad system cannot 
be overestimated. For more than a quarter of 



STATI' Ol" MAIXI' 



i6i 



a ccmur\ 1k' lU'vutt'd tinu' aiul money to it, 
wIk'ii the general opinion was that it was a 
misforlune to l)e a stockliokler in any of the 
four corporations east of Portland wliich now 
make up the great system known as the .Maine 
Central. In the darkest hours of the enter- 
prise he more than once attested his faith by 
pledging' his private fortune to meet its obliga- 
tions. One incident of this kind is narrated 
as follows : Soon after one of the consolida- 
tions by which the present Maine Central was 
built up, there came a period of hard times. 
Business fell off, and the company had a large 
floating debt, the holders of which were im- 
portunate for payment. In their perplexity 
and distress it occurred to one of the members 
of the l^oard to apply to Governor Coburn. 
Se\-cral of them went to see him at his home, 
and laid the case before him, saying- that they 
saw no way bui for him to endorse the paper 
of the Maine Central for $200,000 al once, and 
for $500,000 later if necessary. The governor 
said not a word nor asked a question until the 
spokesman had finished, and then he simply 
asked them for the note, which he signed. The 
confidence which he inspired quieted the anx- 
iety of the creditors, and the crisis was over. 
The manager of one Savings Bank holding a 
large amount of the corporation paper, who 
had been urging payment with great persist- 
ency, said : "Give me Governor Coburn's en- 
dorsement and you can have the money as 
long as you wish." It was given, and the man- 
ager was satisfied. In connection with their 
land enterprises and otherwise, the Coburns 
were interested in several western railroads, 
among them the Northern Pacific. 

At the incorporation of the Skowhegan 
Bank, the first bank in the town, in 1833, Mr. 
Coburn was one of the directors, and he sub- 
sequently became its president. When it was 
reorganized in 1863 under the National Bank- 
ing .\ct as the First National Bank, he was 
made president, wdiich position he held 
throughout his life. He was also president of 
the Skowhegan Savings Bank from its organi- 
zation in 1869. A large amount of his time 
<-ind thought were given to these institutions, 
and they profited greatly by his financial wis- 
dom and experience. 

Mr. Coburn took a deep interest in political 
affairs. His family connection was with the 
Federalist party, and he cast his first vote for 
I 'resident for John Quincy Adams in 1824. 
Later he became a Whig. He served three 
terms in the Maine house, 1838, 1840 and 1844, 
being a inember of the following committees : 
Finance, North-eastern boundary, banks and 



banking, state lands and state valuation. In 
1852, when General Scott was the Whig can- 
didate for the presidency, Mr. Coburn was on 
the electoral ticket. \Vhen the Whig party 
was broken up, he became a Ke[niblican, being 
among the founders of that party in the state. 
In 1855 he was a member of Governor A. P. 
Morrill's council, and in 1857 ^^ ''''^ council 
of Governors Hamlin and Williams. He 
headed the electoral ticket when .Abraham Lin- 
coln was elected President in i860. In 1862 
he was the Republican candidate for ( iovernor, 
and was elected, receiving 42,744 votes to 
32,108 for Bion Bradbury, Democrat, and 
6,764 for General Jameson, War Democrat. 
Governor Coburrt filled the office during the 
trying year of 1863.' He was one of the loyal 
war Governors, who held up the hands of Lin- 
coln in those troublous times. He was gov- 
ernor in fact as well as in name, and there 
was no power behind the throne. The busi- 
ness of the State was conducted on strict busi- 
ness principles, with the same integrity which 
characterized the man in all the relations of 
life. Although this course gave dissatisfaction 
to some and made some enemies among poli- 
ticians, he adhered rigidly to it, and in after 
years even those who had differed from him 
at the time, admittcfl that the State never had 
a more efficient administration than Governor 
Coburn's. 

He did not always act according to custom, 
but followed his own judgment, based on his 
ideas of right and justice. The following in- 
cident illustrates his independent methods. The 
First I\laine Cavalry had lost several of its 
field officers, and was in such a condition that 
promotion in the regular order did not appear 
to him to be expedient. He listened to the 
arguments of the different parties concerned, 
and after a few days announced the nomina- 
tion of tw'o young officers not the oldest in 
rank to the first places in the regiment. "I 
have carefully looked the matter over." was 
liis reply to all protests. "I know these men ; 
their appointment is the best thing for the 
regiment." The sequel proved that he had 
acted wisely, and the regiment under its new 
leadership brought honor to the State. 

Governor Coburn's message to the legisla- 
ture was practical, and showed careful thought 
concerning the needs of the State, and appre- 
ciation of the awful issues of war that were 
hanging in the balance. He said : "The total 
quota of troops demanded of Maine up to this 
time by the War Department, amounts to 
something less than the number we have actu- 
ally furnished. The patriotism of our state 



1 62 



STATE OF MAINE. 



has even surpassed the demands which the na- 
tional exigency has made upon it. We have 
not only sent all the men asked of us, but we 
have sent good men and brave men. In a 
contest where all the loyal States have re- 
sponded so nobly, it would be invidious and 
indeed positively offensive for any one to arro- 
gate peculiar and superior merit. We only 
claim with others to have done our part, and 
we recur with undisguised pride to the fact 
that on every battlefield where Maine troops 
have been called to participate, they have ac- 
quitted themselves with valor and with honor, 
making a record of patriotic heroism which it 
will be alike the pride and duty of the State 
to cherish and perpetuate. -In addition to the 
men that Maine had furnished to the army of 
volunteers, we have contributed to the naval 
and marine service more largely in proportion 
to our population than any other state. The 
habits and occupation of a considerable num- 
ber of our people fit them pre-eminently for 
this service, and it is gratifying to know that 
our shipping ports and coast towns have sent 
forth swarms of hardy and well trained sea- 
men to maintain the honor of our flag upon 
the ocean." 

His attitude for the public finances is set 
forth in the following: "1 have already al- 
luded to the fact that within the past year the 
sum of $30,000 of the state debt was paid. 
During the present year $50,000 more will 
mature, and I earnestly recommend that it be 
paid, instead of being renewed, as has too fre- 
quently been our custom in the past. The pol- 
icy of liquidation, in my judgment, is the true, 
safe and wisely economical one for the State 
to adopt. Whatever may be the theory or the 
truth in regard to the advantages of a national 
debt, I do not think that a state debt should 
remain unpaid a day longer than the time 
when the people can discharge it without 
specially or unduly burdening themselves with 
taxation." On the subject of education he 
said : "The educational interests of the state 
are fully and ably set forth in the report of 
the superintendent of schools. It is one of our 
chief glories that we provide, at the public 
expense, for the education of all the children 
of the State. Our fathers wisely imposed it as 
a constitutional duty, and we are reaping the 
rich advantages of their foresight and their 
wisdom. While we may not be in a condition 
to make any extraordinary expenditures for 
educational purposes, it will be one of our 
highest duties to see that our schools are main- 
tained in full vigor and usefulness, and that 
while other interests may suffer from the in- 



evitable effects of war, the culture of the 
young shall in no wise be neglected or 
abated." 

In further discussion of the war, he said : 
"We are well advanced in the second year of 
a war involving issues of the gravest moment 
to all of us. The contest was precipitated by 
those, who, no longer able to rule, were de- 
termined to ruin the government of the United 
States. The ostensible reason for secession 
was one which, if admitted to have any force, 
would forthwith destroy every element of 
Democratic Republicanism which exists in our 
institutions — for if a constitutional majority of 
the people cannot have the right to elect the 
President of their choice, our form of govern- 
ment is at an end, and its attempted perpetua- 
tion is a . farce. From the day the Southern 
conspirators made open war on the United 
States by assaulting Fort Sumter, the question 
passed to the arbitrament of the sword, and 
not to have accepted the issue would have been 
to basely surrender the life of the nation. Thus 
far we have, witli" patriotic unanimity sus- 
tained the President in all his efforts to subdue 
the rebellion. The people of the loyal states 
have poured out their treasure and their blood 
in unstinted measure, and in their devotion to 
country men have forgotten the prejudices of 
party." 

In reference to the newly adopted policy of 
emancipation, he said : "The rebels are en- 
titled at our hands during the war to nothing 
more and nothing less than the treatment pre- 
scribed by the laws of war, and we can and 
ought and will seize every legitimate weapon to 
conquer their military power and reduce them 
to obedience to the Constitution of the United 
States. It is on this ground that loyal men 
can rally with enthusiasm to the support of 
the President. And it will not abate the force 
of the new policy that its result is to give 
freedom to a race long oppressed, and to abol- 
ish an institution which has been the source of 
evil dissension at home, and the cause of 
shame and reproach to us abroad. It will be 
clearly within the dispensation of God's justice 
that a system of oppression which violates the 
natural rights of man, which has always stirred 
up strife and contention, and which was the 
direct cause of our present troubles, should 
wither and perish in the wrathful storm which 
in its rage it dared to provoke." The message 
closed as follows : "We enter upon public 
duty, gentlemen, at a time of unusual responsi- 
bilitv, when human wisdom alone may well be 
distrusted. But relying upon the guidance of 
that Gracious Being who hath so bountifully 



STATE OF MAIXK. 



163 



Ijlcsscd us as a nation, aiul who chastiseth Init 
in mercy, let us, in liuinility and yet in conli- 
(lence, address ourselves to the conscientious 
<lischarge of the trusts committed to us by the 
people of our beloved State." Later in the 
year, in response to fresh calls for troops by 
the national government. Governor Coburn ad- 
dressed the people of the State with earnest ap- 
peals for patriotic action. From two of these 
state papers the following extracts are taken : 

"Our people, with almost entire unanimity, 
have determined that the present rebellion shall 
be suppressed, and that the Union which it 
was designed to destroy, shall be maintained. 
I'or this purpose they entered upon the con- 
test, and to this end they will persevere until 
the object be accomplished, and until the world 
shall be satisfied that free men can endure 
more, and persevere longer, for the preserva- 
tion of free government, than can the most 
desperate and determined traitors for its de- 
struction. The length of the conflict is not to 
he measured by years, but by events. Treason 
is to be put down, and to that end should all 
the measures of the government be sub- 
servient." Thus far in our great civil contest 
Maine has borne a proud part. Her sons have 
upheld the national banner on the fiercest bat- 
tlefields, and have earned a fame which we 
cannot too proudly cherish, and which we 
should strive to emulate. Let us, in the brief 
season allowed us, prove that our patriotism is 
as sincere, our enthusiasm, as warm, and our 
faith in the national cause as firm as at any 
hour since the contest began. Whoever else 
shall falter or fail, let the men of Maine prove 
themselves fully equal to the demands now- 
made on their heroism and their love of coun- 
try." 

In spite of the extent and multiplicity of 
Governor Coburn's business interests, he found 
time for many duties such as a public spirited 
man owes to the community and the state, and 
for a w-ide philanthropy. He was very prac- 
tically interested in the cause of 'education, and 
few men in Maine have done more for the sup- 
port of our higher educational institutions. He 
was for forty years a trustee of Colby College, 
tak-ing his father's place in 1845, and serving 
until his death, and was President of the 
I'oard the last eleven years. He was President 
of the Board of Trustees of the State College 
of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts, now 
the University of Maine, for twelve years, 
1867-1879. To both of these institutions he 
gave a large amount of attention, and large 
contributions, and in each of them one of the 
college buildings fittingly bears his name. \Va- 



tervifie Classical Institute at VVaterville, which 
was renamed for him Coburn Classical Insti- 
tute, received from him a fine school building, 
erected as a memorial to his deceased brother, 
Stephen Coburn, and his nephew, Charles Mil- 
ler Coburn, and he also provided it with an en- 
dowment of $50,000. Somerset County was 
indebted to him for a commodious court house, 
and the town of Skowhegan was largely in- 
delited to him for the fine public hall which 
was called by his name, and which served the 
people of the community until it was destroyed 
by fire in 1904. Although not a member. Gov- 
ernor Coburn was a constant attendant of the 
Baptist Church, to which he was much at- 
tached. He doubtless contributed more money 
for the building of churches and the mission- 
ary and educational work of that denomina- 
tion than any other man in the state. His pri- 
vate charities were almost muuberless, and 
were dispensed so unostentatiously that prob- 
ably but a small part of them were ever known. 
His habits and manner of living were simple, 
even to frugality. Neither Abner Coburn nor 
his brother Philander were ever married, and 
they made their home together. 

A brief extract from a memorial address de- 
livered by a personal friend of Governor Co- 
burn, Colonel Z. A. Smith, at the Colby Com- 
mencement following his death, will give an 
idea of his personal habits and character. "In 
his private life and in his personal relations, 
Governor Coburn was the same upright and 
conscientious man that he was in business and 
public aiifairs. He was so conspicuously free 
from the appearance of vice of every nature, 
that even the idlest village gossip never had 
the semblance of pretext to trifle with his 
name. All his life, he was not only a total 
abstainer from intoxicating liquors, but in all 
things, he lived an abstemious and frugal life. 
Although his earlier life was spent much in 
contact with men of rough habits, he was in 
his intercourse with all, refined in speech and 
deferential in act. Impure or profane words 
never passed his lips. Just to all men, he was, 
at the same time and in the best ways, kind, 
helpful and sympathetic. Few men had more 
occasion to know the wickedness and ingrati- 
tude of other men, yet he was in speech and 
act the most charitable of men towards the 
failings and sins of others. Integrity so per- 
meated every fibre of his moral and intellectual 
being, that he often seemed unable to realize 
that a man could be a rascal." 

Governor Coburn was an interesting and in- 
structive talker. He kept himself acquainted 
with all current subjects of importance, and 



164 



STATE OF MAINE. 



his opinions on the tariff, the currency and 
business questions generally were valuable and 
interesting. On one occasion, he gave his 
views on the causes of industrial depression as 
follows: "Business will revive just as soon as 
there is anything like free employment for the 
people who depend on wages for a living. 
There is over-production only because the peo- 
ple who depend on wages cannot earn them 
and because, when close times come, those 
who can employ labor and buy the products of 
labor make haste to reduce their expenditures. 
Give the labor of the country employment and 
good wages, and you will hear no more of 
over-production. That people will enjoy the 
greatest degree of prosperity which spend 
freely within their means. A community which 
hoards, and spends the least possible, will 
never be one of business enterprise. What we 
want now is a market for labor at a fair com- 
pensation to restore prosperity." 

His recollections of his early life were vivid. 
He could speak in the most entertaining way 
of the struggles of the early part of the nine- 
teenth century, of the manner of living, and of 
the peculiarities of the people of that time. 
He knew the foremost men of Maine for half 
a century, and from him one could get a bet- 
ter idea of iheir characteristics than from any 
other source. He was charitable in his judg- 
ment, and rarely spoke in condemnation of 
any one. He once said of an adroit man, "If 
you want to track him sure, go in the opposite 
direction from that in which his toes point." 
Of a Maine officer during the war he said, 
"He wrote so many letters urging his own 
promotion that he couldn't have done any 
fighting." When the green-back craze -swept 
over Maine, some one told him that a certain 
man had become an advocate of fiat money. 
"That is proper," he replied, "that man always 
maintained that he had paid a debt when he 
gave his note for it." He liked direct men. 
"John B. Brown, of Portland," he said, "is a 
man wdio says what he means, so that you can 
understand him." "Payson Tucker," he said, 
"is a man of wonderful tact in getting along 
with people. He is the best railroad man I 
ever met." "Josiali Drummond is a man you 
can always believe." Such were his judgments 
of men with whom he was associated. 

Governor Coburn was a sufferer from dys- 
pepsia during the last years of his life, and 
for several months before his death showed 
signs of a breaking up of his vigorous consti- 
tution. In the early part of December, 1884, 
he went to Augusta as a member of the Elec- 
toral College, to cast his vote for James G. 



Blaine for President, and while there was 
taken severely ill. He returned to his home, 
and after a few weeks of illness, during which 
he was able a part of the time to attend to 
business, he passed away January 4, 1885. By 
his will he left nearly a million dollars for 
religious, educational and philanthropic work. 
His public bequests were as follows : To the 
Maine Insane Hospital at Augusta, $50,000; to 
the Maine General Hospital at Portland, $100,- 
000; to the Maine State College of Agricul- 
ture and the Mechanic Arts, $100,000; to 
Colby University, $200,000; to the American 
Baptist Home Missionary Society, $200,000; 
the income of one-half to be applied in aid of 
Freedmen's schools ; to Wayland Seminary at 
Washington, $50,000 ; to the American Baptist 
Missionary Union, $100,000; to the Maine 
Baptist j\Iissionary Convention, $100,000; to 
Houlton Academy, $5,000; to the Maine In- 
dustrial School for Girls, $5,000; to the Bap- 
tist Church in Skowhegan, $18,000; to Bloom- 
field Academy, $7,000 : for a free public li- 
brary in Skowhegan, $30,000 ; to the town of 
Skowhegan, for its worthy and unfortunate 
poor, $20,000; to the town of Skowhegan, 
land for a public park. 

In his message to Maine the legislature Gov- 
ernor Robie said of Mr. Coburn: "Another 
man upon whom the people have wisely con- 
ferred their highest honors has passed away. 
Hon. Abner Coburn, the representative man of 
the best characteristics of New England sim- 
plicity, integrity and economy, is no more. His 
life is a monument of great usefulness, of high 
public spirit and patriotism. . . . Called 
to the office of governor during the most try- 
ing period of the late war, he displayed firm- 
ness, sagacity and patriotism, of the highest 
order. His life, character and achievements 
are an honor to Maine, and proud is the State 
that can claim the birth and citizenship of 
such a man." 

The followjng extract from a letter from 
Hon. lames G. Blaine, written a few days 
after Governor Coburn's death, may here be 
given as a worthy tribute to his memory, and 
may serve as a fitting summing up of his 
character : 

"Governor Coburn was altogether a remark- 
able man. With only rudimentary training in 
early life, he has proved our most liberal and 
discriminating patron of classical education. 
With no gift for public speaking, lie has con- 
stantly exerted a wise and beneficient 
influence on public opinion. He was, 
if humanity can ever attain perfection, an ab- 
solutely just man in all his dealings. And 





rfc//^ 



-L"-v, foe/ U"'^'^ 



STATE OF MAINE. 



i6^ 



lieyuiul the severe demar.d,^ of justice, he 
was always kind and even generous to 
his fellow' men. Singularly quiet and un- 
ohtnisive, (lie world around him had little 
1<nowlcdge of the constant How of his charity, 
of the mimherless good deeds which adorned 
his daily life, lie was altogether modest and 
disliked' everything which savored of preten- 
sion or show. His life was, indeed, a model 
of simplicity. The large fortune which his in- 
dustry and sagacity had enabled him to ac- 
cumvdate was in his ow-n view a "trust fund," 
which he held for the benefit of mankind, and 
the disposition of wdiich was with him a mat- 
ter of conscience. He never had a dollar to 
waste, but he always had thousands for a 
worthy cause. 

"In thirty years of personal intimacy with 
Governor Coburn, I never saw anything in his 
life and conversation that was not praise- 
worthy, lie was never impatient nor fault- 
finding nor revengeful. His only form of 
censure was silence and his friends came to 
know how much that meant on certain occa- 
sions, respecting certain persons. To those 
whom he called friends, he was devotedly 
true. But he never made professions of at- 
tachment and was never efTusive. In his crisp 
and pointed correspondence, no matter what 
the degree of intimacy with the person to 
whom he wrote, he always began his letters 
with the stiff "Dr. Sir" of olden times and 
signed himself "Resp'y" or "truly yours." But 
with this undemonstrative and formal manner, 
there was as kindly a heart as ever beat in 
human breast, and with it a hand as helpful as 
ever came to a friend's relief." 

(VI) Philander Coburn, third son of 
Eleazer (2) Coburn, was born in Canaan, 
Maine (now Skowhegan), February ig, 1807. 
Brought up on his father's farm, he developed 
by active farm work his unusually fine 
physique. His education was obtained at the 
district schcol and at Bloomfield Academy, and 
he taught several terms in the district schools 
of his town. He was early taught the survey- 
ing business by his father, and became a skill- 
ful surveyor. The story of his business life, 
as a member of the lumbering firm of E. Co- 
burn and Sons, w-hich was established when he 
was twenty-three years old, and which after 
the father's death became A. & P. Coburn, has 
already been told in the sketch of his brother 
Abner. While in their younger days both 
brothers went into the woods, in later life 
Philander took the practical end of the busi- 
ness, and supervised the lumbering operations 
of the firm. For this work he was specially 



(jualified by his great powers of endurance, his 
energy and daring, and his spirit of enthusiasm 
in whatever he undertook. When Abner went 
"down river," Philander went "up river." He 
was an expert woodsman, and used to say he 
could tell a fir tree from a spruce three miles 
away. He was tall and powerfully built, and 
capable of travelling nights and working days, 
which he often did. He used frequently to 
start from his home near nightfall, with his 
big horse Railroad, famous up and down the 
river, in the sleigh, travel forty or fifty miles 
before morning, and be ready to cruise the 
woods all day. His return trips were some- 
times made at night in the same way. He 
would drop the reins in the front of the sleigh, 
and fold his arms, and if he happened to fall 
asleep. Railroad would bring him safely home. 
In the woods there were few men who could 
keep up with him, for he seemed to require 
neither food or sleep. His disregard of him- 
self led him into more perils and hardships 
than fell to the lot of his associates. 

Philander Coburn was a man of keen intel- 
lect, and contributed fully his share to the suc- 
cess of the firm in all its departments of activ- 
ity. He w-as often the aggressive partner, 
while Abner was the conservative one. Bold- 
ness and caution were alike characteristics of 
his mind. His knowledge of human nature 
and skill in handling men were large factors in 
his business success. He treated his workmen 
with perfect fairness, shared with them the 
hardships and privations incident to their la- 
bor, and gave them sympathy and aid in times 
of misfortune. Thus he never had disagree- 
ments or misunderstandings with them, but 
always held their respect, and in many cases 
won their unwavering and lifelong attach- 
ment. His associates in business were not 
treated by him as rivals to be overthrown, but 
instead w-ere often helped over times of diffi- 
culty by wise counsel and substantial aid. He 
was genial and companionable, a most enter- 
taining talker, and a good story teller, pos- 
sessing an inexhaustible fund of varied experi- 
ences to draw upon. Yet in his real nature he 
was reserved, and he was shy of publicity. The 
only public office he ever held was when he 
represented his district in the Maine Senate 
in 1853. He was, however, deeply interested 
in political matters, belonging to the Whig 
party in early life, and becoming an enthusias- 
tic member of the Republican party at the or- 
ganization of the latter. He was never mar- 
ried, but resided with his brother Abner in 
the "Coburn House." His private life was 
without reproach, and his personal habits were 



1 66 



STATE OF MAINE. 



like those of his brother, characterized by the 
greatest simpHcity. The two brothers had a 
common bank account, and a common purse, 
and most of their gifts during the Hfe of the 
younger brother came from "A. & P." Phi- 
lander himself practiced much unostentatious 
charity, and assisted generously many philan- 
thropic and religious enterprises. Though not 
a member, he was a constant attendant and 
supporter of the Baptist church, and an active 
participant in its business meetings. He was 
strongly interested in the temperance cause, 
being himself, as was his brother, a total ab- 
stainer from both liquor and tobacco. 

His years of hardship and carelessness of 
himself finally broke down his superb constitu- 
tion. His keen vision became impaired and 
though- his sight was restored by a successful 
operation for cataract, he was never after- 
wards able to do severe work. He died from 
a slow disease of the brain. March 8, 1876. 



(For ancestrj^ see preceding sketch.) 

(\T) Samuel Weston Coburn, 
COBURN fifth son of Eleazer and Mary 

(Weston) Coburn, was born 
in Skowhegan, Maine, July 14, 181 5, and died 
July 30, 1873. His early life was passed on 
the paternal farm, and he was educated pri- 
marily in the common schools. He attended 
Bloomfield Academy, and prepared for col- 
lege at the China (Maine) Academy. He en- 
tered Waterville (now Colby) College, from 
which he was graduated in 1841. While a 
student in academy and college he taught 
school during his vacations, and after gradu- 
ation from the latter accepted a position as 
teacher in the academy at Saco, Maine. After 
being thus occupied for one term, he went to 
Canada, in company with his brother Alonzo, 
their purpose being to acquire a more thorough 
knowledge of the French language, to which 
they had already given much attention. Aftar 
some time thus spent, and after making a tour 
of the states bordering upon Canada, Samuel 
W. Coburn returned to Skowhegan and en- 
gaged in a mercantile business, which he con- 
ducted successfully for about ten years, also 
conducting the farm, and he devoted himself 
altogether to the latter after relinquishing his 
store. In his agricultural pursuits he made a 
specialty of breeding Durham cattle, and at 
that early date accomplished much toward 
raising the standard of live stock not only in 
his neighborhood, but in the country at large. 
In 1859 lie took a cargo of blooded cattle to 
his brother's ranch in California, sailing by 
way of the Isthmus of Panama. After remain- 



ing in California for two and a half years he 
returned home in 1852, and thereafter lived a 
quiet life upon his farm, in Bloomfield. He 
was a man of enterprise and public spirit, and 
from time to time was called to various posi- 
tions of honor and trust. He was a member 
of the Baptist church, and for many years 
taught a large Bible class in the Sunday school, 
composed of adults, both male and female, and 
the largeness of the class and the interest 
taken by its members bore witness to his deep 
knowledge and capability in imparting instruc- 
tion. He was a strong anti-slavery man, and 
became an original member of the Republican 
party on its organization in 1856. During the 
civil war he was loyally devoted to the Union,, 
and labored efficiently in the promotion of en- 
listments in the army and in providing for the 
families of the brave men who went to the 
front. He was a tireless worker in the cause 
of temperance. Mr. Coburn married, Decem- 
ber 6, 1842, Sarah Bigelow, daughter of Lewis 
Bigelow. She was born January 3, 1818, and 
at the present writing, at the venerable age 
of ninety years, retains her mental and physi- 
cal vigor in remarkable degree. Children of 
Samuel W. and Sarah (Bigelow) Coburn: i. 
Sarah Frances, born September 15, 1843, niar- 
ried, April 5, 1866, John Flavel Turner; chil- 
dren : i. Harry C. Turner, born September 17, 
1873, married Marie Burnett and have Bur- 
nett Coburn and Lucia Frances ; ii. Charles F. 
Turner, born December 22, 1881, married, 
June 30. 1903, Ethel Totman, and have one 
child, Louise Bigelow. 2. Charles Samuel, 
born November 28, 1845, <^'sd March 23, 1862. 
3. Julia Lowell, born April 23, 1849. 4- Ella 
Mary, born October 7, 185 1, married, Decem- 
ber 24, 1870, Manly T. Pooler; children: i. 
Fred Coburn, born March 28, 1872; ii. Flor- 
ence, Mav 17, 1880; iii. Mabel T-. T"ly 3°, 
1882. 

(VI) Stephen Coburn, sixth son of Eleazer 
(2) Coburn, was born in Bloomfield, now 
Skowhegan, November 11, 1817. Like his 
brothers he worked as a boy on his father's 
farm, and attended the district school. He 
prepared for college at Waterville and China 
Academies, and entered Waterville (now 
Colby) College in the sophomore year, grad- 
uating in 1839, second in his class. After 
graduation he went South, and taught for a 
year in a private family in Tarboro, North 
Carolina, conducting what was called a planta- 
tion school, to which several planters sent 
their children. Returning to Maine, he became 
principal of Bloomfield Academy, and held 
this position for four years, 1840-1844. He 




y^t^^ 




p- \ 



y^ ^ 





-^^^ 



STATE OF MAINE. 



167 



was ail accomplished Icacher ami i)ro|)arc(l a 
number of students for college. After leaving 
the profession of teaching he retained his in- 
terest in educational matters, and a number of 
times privately fitted young men for college 
or for admission to the bar. lie was a mem- 
ber of the Maine Board of Education, 1848- 
1850, in which position his experience and pro- 
fessional knowledge enabled him to do valu- 
al)le service. In later years, as a member of 
the Board of Blooinfiekl Academy, he was 
largelv instrumental in bringing about the con- 
solidation of the Academy with the Skowhe- 
gan High School, a step which proved of last- 
ing benefit to the community. He kept up his 
interest also in higher education, and in forty- 
three vears after graduation never missed at- 
tending his college commencement, excepting 
the one year he was in the South. 

Desiring to enter into active business life, 
he began the study of the law in the office of 
ISronson and Woart at Augusta. He also at- 
tendetl lectures at Harvard Law School, but 
did not complete the course. Admitted to the 
bar of Somerset county in 1845, h^ opened a 
law office in Skowhegan, in company with his 
brother Alonzo, under the name of A. & S. 
Coburn. This partnership did not last long. 
Mr. Coburn then associated with himself 
Henry A. W'yman, and in company with him 
conducted a large practice under the firm 
name of Coburn & Wyman until the death of 
the junior partner in 1867. After this time 
Mr. Coburn gradually withdrew from active 
practice, the large business interests of his 
brothers A. & P. requiring much of his pro- 
fessional assistance, and his own private stud- 
ies engrossing more of his time. He acted as 
attorney for the Maine Central Railroad Com- 
I)any during the years in which his brother 
Abner was president of the road. 

Stephen Coburn was intensely interested in 
political affairs, having been a Whig in early 
life, and joining the Republican party at its 
organization. He did not, however, care for 
pul)lic position, and, the only one that he held 
came to him unsought. In i860 he was elected 
a Representative to the Thifty-sixth Congress 
to fill out the unexpired term of Israel Wash- 
burn, who was made governor of Maine. He 
was in Washington during the critical winter 
of 1860-61, and stood near Abraham Lincoln 
when he took his first oath of office. He was 
j)0stmaster of Skowhegan 1868-1877. Amid 
the pressure of business Mr. Coburn found 
time for extensive reading and study, espe- 
cially in the fields of philosophy, logic and 
philology. He was an unwearied student, and 



found his happiness among his books, and in 
his family. 1 le was naturally diffident in tem- 
perament, and preferred retirement to pub- 
licity, and yet was always ready to do his duty 
as he conceived it, however unpleasant. He 
was a member and faithful supporter of the 
I'.aptisl church, and always its trusted adviser. 
He was a strong temperance man and a pub- 
lic spirited citizen. He was warm hearted, 
generous of time and money to all who needed 
help, and a lover of peace. In all the rela- 
tions of life he bore the part of peacemaker, 
and exercised his fine tact, his trained judg- 
ment, and his large influence to restore har- 
mony or to prevent discord. As a lawyer he 
was noted for bringing about friendly settle- 
ments of cases whenever it was possible, and 
his advice was much sought by women, who 
felt that they could safely trust him. He died 
at Skowhegan, July 4, 1882. 

His college classmate and lifelong friend. 
Rev. Joseph Ricker, wrote of him : "Stephen 
Coburn was one of those choice spirits that 
are met with only here and there in life's 
journey. He was honest in purpose, clear-eyed 
in judgment, firm in conviction, and frank in 
expression. What wonder then is it that he 
was loved and trusted as few men ever are? 
Without disparagement to others, I may say 
that his was the most unselfish life that has 
ever fallen under my notice. Charmingly un- 
conscious of his own worth, it was a pleasure 
to him rather than a task, to serve others." 

Stephen Coburn married, in Skowhegan, 
June 29. 1853, Helen Sophia Miller, daughter 
of Rev. Charles and Susan Drew (Thompson) 
Miller, who was born in Turner, Maine, 
March 25, 1832. Children, born in Skowhe- 
gan: I. Louise Helen Coburn, born Septem- 
ber I, 1856, graduated from Coburn Classical 
Institute 1873, and from Colby College 1877. 
2. Charles Miller Coburn, born June 17, i860, 
graduated from Skowhegan High School 1877, 
Colby College 1881 ; studied law in his father's 
office. He was a young man of sterling char- 
acter and of great promise, the last male rep- 
resentative in his generation of a family which 
had numbered nine brothers. He died at 
Skowhegan, July 4, 1882. 3. Susan Mary Co- 
burn, born October 19, 1863, died August 17, 
1865. 4. Frances Elizabeth Coburn, born 
June 16, 1867, graduated Coburn Classical In- 
stitute 1887; married, July 16, 1889, Charles 
Hovey Pepper, son of Dr. George Dana Board- 
man and Annie (Grassie) Pepper. Mr. Pep- 
per was born in Waterville, Maine. August 27, 
1864, graduated Coburn Classical Institute 
1884, Colby College, 1889, and studietl art in 



1 68 



STATE OF MAINE. 



New York and Paris. He is an artist in water 
colors and oils, and has exhibited extensively 
both in Europe and in the United States. They 
lived in Paris, France, from 1893 to 1898, and 
now reside in Concord, Massachusetts. They 
have children : Stephen Coburn Pepper, born 
in Newark, New Jersey, April 29, 1891 ; and 
Eunice Gordon Pepper, born in Concord, Jan- 
uary 28, 1906. 5. Grace Maud Coburn, born 
September 10, 187 1 ; graduated Skowhegan 
High School 1889, Colby College 1893, A. M. 
George Washington University 1900; married, 
November 18, 1896, George Otis Smith, a 
sketch of whom is given elsewhere. A sketch 
of the family of Mrs. Stephen Coburn follows. 

Rev. Charles Miller was born in Auchen- 
bowie. near Stirling, Scotland, October i, 
1794, and was the son of David and Ellen 
(Muir) Miller. He was educated at Stirling, 
and in 1819 sailed from Leith and came to 
Miramichi, New Brunswick. He was or- 
dained to the Baptist ministry in Sackville in 
1820, and did pioneer missionary work in the 
Miramichi region for four years, which were 
follov/ed by a three years' pastorate in St. 
John. Coming to Maine in 1826, he became 
the first pastor of the Baptist church in South 
Berwick. H^e had subsequent pastorates in 
Turner, Maine; Wenham, Massachusetts; 
Boston, Cambridge; Livermore, Maine; 
Bloomfield, Farmington and Livermore Falls. 
In 1851 Skowhegan became his home for the 
remainder of his life, and after this time he 
was for many years a missionary preacher in 
the rural settlements of Somerset county. He 
died at Skowhegan, November 21, 1887. He 
was a devout and faithful minister, and filled 
with the missionary spirit. He married, Feb- 
ruary 4, 1828, Susan Drew Thompson, daugh- 
ter of Ira and Sophia (Drew) Thompson, of 
Livermore, and granddaughter of Lieutenant 
William Thompson, of Middleboro, Massachu- 
setts, who served under Washington during 
the siege of Boston. Her grandfather on her 
mother's side was Job Drew, of Kingston, 
Massachusetts, who was a minuteman in 1775. 
She was of Pilgrim stock, having- Mayflower 
ancestry in four lines. She was born in Liv- 
ermore, September 25, 1805, and died in Skow- 
hegan, June 30, 1893. Children: 

I. Abby Seaver Miller, born in South Ber- 
wick. February 21, 1829; married .in Farming- 
ton, January 21, 1851, Benjamin White Nor- 
ris, son of Tames and Mary (White) Norris. 
He was born at ]\fonmouth, January 22, 1819, 
prepared for college at Monmouth Academy, 
graduated from Waterville (now Colby) Col- 
lege 1843, taught one term in Kent's Hill 



Seminary, then went into business in Skowhe- 
gan. In 1849 he went to California, and re- 
mained a year, after which he studied law with 
David Kidder, of Skowhegan, and practised in 
company with him for a time. From 1852 to 
1864 he was in the oilcloth manufacturing 
business in Skowhegan; 1860-1863 was land 
agent for the State of Maine; 1865 went 
South to Montgomery, Alabama, and served in 
the Freedman's Bureau under General O. O. 
Howard, with commission as major. He 
served as representative from Alabama to the 
fortieth congress 1867-69. He died at Mont^ 
gomery, January 26, 1873. He was a genial 
man who had many friends, and was highly 
esteemed for honorable and Christian charac- 
ter. His widow resided in Skowhegan, where 
she died November 13, 1901. They had two 
daughters born in Skowhegan : Helen 
Amelia, born November i, 1851, married, June 
I, 1882, Edwin Forest Fairbrother, merchant, 
of Skowhegan, died Skowhegan. December i, 
1888; and Mary Abby, born March 26, 1854. 

2. Helen Sophia Miller, born March 25, 
1832, married Stephen Coburn, above noticed. 

3. Charles Andrew Miller, born in Wenham, 
IMassachuselts, August 13, 1834; prepared for 
college at Farmington Academy, and at 
Bloomfield Academy, graduated Watendlle 
(now Colby) College, 1856, studied law with 
his brother-in-law, Stephen Coburn ; was ad- 
mitted to the bar 1838, and began the practice 
of the law in Rockland in 1859 in partnership 
with William S. Heath, in which he continued 
till 1863. He was assistant clerk in the Maine 
House of Representatives during the sessions 
of 1838 and 1859, and clerk in 1860-61-62-63. 
In 1863 he joined the army as major in the 
Second Maine Cavalry, serving till the end of 
the war in the Department of the Gulf. After 
the war he settled in Montgomery, Alabama, 
having charge of a plantation belonging to A. 
& P. Coburn, and taking active part in the poli- 
tics of the state. He was Secretary of State 
for Alabama in 1869 ^"d 1870. Afterwards 
he became connected with, the Alabama and 
Chattanooga Railroad as treasurer and direc- 
tor, and resided part of the time in Chatta- 
nooga. He was chosen a delegate in 1876 to 
the National Republican Convention in Cincin- 
nati, but on account of ill health was repre- 
sented by a substitute. He died, unmarried, in 
his father's home in Skowhegan, May 7, 1877. 
He was a man of generous spirit and attrac- 
tive personality, who made many friends, by 
whom he was loved and respected. 

4. Elizabeth Dodge Miller, born in West 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, December 19, 1836. 



STATIC OF MAixr-:. 



169 



She was educated at Blooinfield Academy, was 
preceptress of Bloomfield Academy four years, 
1860-1864; was a member of the Skowhegan 
school commitlee 1882-1888; and was active 
in clnircli and benevolent work. She died at 
Skowhegan, March 18. 1890. 

5. Ann Eliza Miller, born Livermorc, March 
7, 1840, died there March 21, 1842. 

6. Caleb David Miller, horn in Livermore, 
May 28, 1843; married, March 14, 1871, Ara- 
zina R. (Pratt) Steward, born May 19, 1842, 
at Newport, daughter of Jacob and Mary 
( Burrill) Pratt. He was postmaster of Skow- 
hegan, 1877-1888. since when he has been en- 
gaged in business and agricultural pursuits. 
lie is a prominent member of the Grange, and 
was president of the Somerset Agricultural 
Society 1906-1910. He resides in the home- 
stead in Skowhegan. 



The Kinsmans are a very an- 
KINSMAN cient family in England, and 
the particular branch here un- 
der consideration traces its ancestry to one 

(I) John Kynesman, 1337, of Xorthampton- 
shire, who married a daughter of Wetherall, 
of Lincolnshire, and had a son : 

(II) Richard Kynesman, 1378, who mar- 
ried Joane. daughter of Sir John Dalderby, 
and had a son : 

(III) Thomas Kinnesman, w^lio by wife 
Cedon had : 

(IV) Simon Kynesman (armiger entitled to 
coat armor. The arms of the family are a 
shield — per pale azure and gules, three saltires 
argent. Crest, a buck proper, lodged in fern 
vert; see description in Kinsman book), of 
Loddington. Northamptonshire, his son and 
heir: member of parliament. 1420. in which 
year he obtained a license from the bishop to 
celebrate mass in his own mansion ; was sherift 
of Northamptonshire, 1422 ; married Margaret, 
daughter of Lord Zouch, of Harringworth, 
Northamptonshire, and had a son : 

_(V) John Kingesman, of South Newton, 
Wiltshire, died 1522; married Johanna, and 
had a son : 

(VI) Robert Kingesman, of Overton, Wilt- 
shire, who died 1592; married Agnes, and had 
sons. 

(VII) Robert Kingsman. second son, of 
Overton. Wiltshire, who died before July 26, 
1647; rnarried and had sons Richard, Robert, 
Philip and Thomas, and four daughters. 

(I) Robert Kingsman (or Kinsman), im- 
migrant, son of Robert Kingsman, of Over- 
ton, Wiltshire. England, was one of the pas- 
sengers in the "Mary and John," from 



Southampton, England, for Boston, New Eng- 
land, in March, 1634, and arrived at port in 
May of the same year. He was of Ipswich in 
1635, had a grant of land in 1637, and lived 
in that plantation until his death, January 28, 
1664. The name of his wife does not appear, 
but he had six children, whose names are 
known: i. Robert, born 1629. 2. Mary, mar- 
ried (first) Daniel Rindge; (second) Ursuel 
Wardwell. 3. Sarah, married Samuel Young- 
love. 4. Hannah, married William Danford, 
and died in 1678. 5. Martha, married Jacob 
Foster. 6. Tabitha, unmarried in 1674. 

(II) Quartermaster Robert (2), son of 
Robert (1), the immigrant, was born in Eng- 
land, in 1629, and died in Ipswich, Massachu- 
setts, I'^ebruary 19, 1712. He was admitted to 
full church communion in Ipswich, F'ebruary 
22, 1673; was made freeman Alarch 11, 1673- 
4; selectman, 1675; tithingman, 1677; took the 
oath of allegiance, 1678; was made quarter- 
master January i, 1684. He was a soldier in 
King Philip's war, and took part in the Nar- 
ragansett expedition, receiving three pounds 
for his services in that campaign. With sev- 
eral other of the leading men of Ipswich he 
opposed the oppressive measures sought to be 
enforced by Governor Andros, and with them 
was made to smart under the punishment in- 
flicted by the magistrates under Andros' in- 
fluence. The penalty visited on him was that 
he should not bear office, and "fined twenty 
pounds money, pay cost, five hundred pound 
bond for the good behavior one year." .Al- 
though condemned "not to bear office," he was 
confirmed as quartermaster in Captain Thomas 
Wade's company in i6gi, was elected deputy 
to the general court in 1692, and had a seat 
appointed to him "at the ;able" in the meeting 
house in 1700. He married Mary Boreman, 
daughter of Thomas and Margaret Boreman, 
of Ipswich. Thomas Dorcman was deputy to 
the general court in 1636. Children of Robert 
and Mary (Boreman) Kinsman: i. Mary, 
born December 21, 1657. 2. Sarah, March 19, 
1659. 3. Thomas, April 15. 1662. 4. Joanna, 
April 25. 1665. 5. Margaret, July 24. 1668. 6. 
Eunice, January 24, 1670. 7. Joseph, Decem- 
ber 20. 1673. 8. Robert, May 21, 1677. 9. 
Pclatiah, November 10, 1680. 

(HI) Thomas, son of Quartermaster Rob- 
ert and Mary (Boreman) Kinsman, was born 
in Ipswich, Massachusetts, April 15. 1662, and 
died there July 15, 1696. He took the oath 
of allegiance in 1678. and at his death left an 
estate inventoried at one hundred and forty- 
two pounds fourteen shillings. He married, in 
Ipswich, July 12, 1677, Elizabeth, daughter of 



STATE OF MAINE. 



Deacon John Burnham, of Ipswich. She sur- 
vived him and married (second) July 27, 
1700, Isaac Rindge, of Ipswich. Children of 
Thomas and Elizabeth (Burnham) Kinsman, 
all born in Ipswich: I. Stephen, about 1688. 
2. Elizabeth, about 1690. 3. Thomas, April 3, 
1693. 4. Mary, October 14, 1694. 

(IV) Sergeant Stephen, son of Thomas and 
Elizabeth (Burnham) Kinsman, was born in 
Ipswich, Alassachusetts, about 1688, and was 
a weaver. In 1714 he bought a house and 
land of his brother Thomas Mariner, which 
had been given to him by his grandfather 
Robert, and a part of which his father, 
Thomas, bought of the town of Ipswich, and 
of which he was in possession at the time of 
his death. In the records Stephen is called 
sergeant, although the character of his mili- 
tary service does not appear. He died in Ips- 
wich, December 8, 1756. He married (first) 
November 24, 171 1, Lucy Kimball, born in 
Ipswich, September 9, 1693, died February 22, 
1715-16, daughter of Caleb and Lucy (Ed- 
wards) Kimball; married (second) Novem- 
ber 19, 1716, Lydia Kimball, born September 
14, 1694. probably in Ipswich, daughter of 
Richard and Lydia (Wells) Kimball. Stephen 
Kinsman had two children by his first and 
four by his second wife: i. Stephen, born 
March 15, 1713, died young. 2. Thomas, Feb- 
ruary 13. 1715. 3. Stephen, March 30, 1718. 
4. Samuel, baptized October 23, 1720. 5. 
Jeremiah, baptized May 3, 1725. 6. Lydia, 
baptized August 10, 1729. 

(\') Stephen (2), son of Stephen (i) and 
Lydia (Kimball) Kinsman, was born in Ips- 
wich, Massachusetts, March 30, 1718, and was 
still living there as late as October, 1767. He 
married, April 10, 1739, Elizabeth Russell; 
children: i. Stephen, born March 17, 1739- 
40. 2. Nathan, baptized October 4, 1741. 3. 
Aaron, baptized August 21, 1743. 4. Isaac, 
baptized December 15, 1745. 5. Elizabeth, bap- 
tized April 10, 1748. 6. Lydia, baptized June 
24, 1750. 7. Ebenezer, baptized May 24, 1752, 
died young. 8. Eunice, December 24, 1754. 
9. Ebenezer, baptized February 17, 1758. 10. 
Ephraim, baptized January 11, 1761. 11. 
Sarah, baptized January 16, 1763. 12. Abi- 
gail, baptized January 16, 1763. 

(VI) Nathan, son of Stephen (2) and Eliz- 
abeth (Russell) Kinsman, was born in Ips- 
wich, Massachusetts, and was baptized there 
October 4, 1741. He removed to Concord, 
New Hampshire, and was a hatter by trade, 
a farmer by principal occupation, and also 
practiced medicine among the families of the 
town. His home was at the base of Mount 



Kinsman, which was so named in allusion to 
him. He is known to have been a soldier of 
the French and Indian war in 1756, was made 
prisoner, and is believed to have been the Na- 
than Kinsman who served in the colonial army 
at Annapolis, Nova Scotia, from November 2, 
1759, to January 7, 1760. He was a private 
in Captain Daniel Fletcher's company. Colonel 
Frye's regiment. He died February 28, 1822. 
He married (first) i\lercy Wheeler; (second) 
September 6, 1772, in Littleton, New Hamp- 
shire, Elizabeth Shattuck, died June 15, 1798, 
daughter of Stephen and Elizabeth (Robbins) 
Shattuck ; married (third) widow Chapin. He 
had eight children: i. Nathan, born April 22, 
1762, died young. 2. Mercy, April 10, 1769, 
died young. 3. Stephen, August 14, 1773. 4. 
Peter, August 3, 1775, died young. 5. Na- 
than, November 14, 1777. 6. Peter, Novem- 
ber 23, 1779. 7. ]\iartha, October 9, 1781. 8. 
Timothy, August 17, 1783. 

(VII) Nathan (2), son of Nathan (i) and 
Elizabeth (Shattuck) Kinsman, was born in 
Concord, New Hampshire, November 14, 1777, 
and died in Portland, Maine, February 26, 
1829. He graduated from Dartmouth College 
in 1799, studied law under the instruction of 
Chief Justice Parker, and was admitted to the 
Cumberland county bar in 1803. He at once 
began his professional career in Portland, and 
from that time until his death he was recog- 
nized as one of the foremost lawyers of the 
state. His practice was very extensive, and 
especially so in 1807 and afterward, for he 
was the leading counsel in the so-called em- 
bargo cases, and was more employed in them 
than all the other lawyers in the state. In 
1 81 9 he represented the city of Portland in the 
lower house of the state legislature. Mr. 
Kinsman married, in Portland, September 26, 
1S02, Eliza Dafiforne, born Boston, February 
14, 1781, died Portland, June 28, 1841, daugh- 
ter of John and Betsey (Ingersoll) Dafforne. 
Of nine children born of this marriage only 
four grew to maturity: i. John Dafforne, 
born August 13, 1805. 2. Elizabeth Dafforne, 
January 28, 1807; died unmarried June 8, 
1831. 3. Martha, May 18, 1809; died un- 
married. June 28, 1 841. 4. Elinor, June 12, 
1812; died March 15, 1879. 

(VIII) John Dafforne, son of Nathan and 
Eliza (Dafforne) Kinsman, was born in Port- 
land, Maine, October 13, 1805, and died in 
Belfast, Maine, May 27, 1850. He graduated 
from Bowdoin College in 1825, and was a dis- 
tinguished and brilliant scholar and orator, a 
lawyer of remarkable ability, and a thorough 
gentleman. He was United States marshal 



STATl'I OF MAINE. 



171 



for till.' district of M.-iinc under tiic administra- 
tion uf tlie elder President Harrison, and after- 
ward removed to Wisconsin and practiced his 
profession in that state. He was commonly 
called colonel, which pcrha])s arose from the 
fact that he served in command of a company 
of militia from Portland, ixissibly the Port- 
land Light Infantry, in what was known as 
the ".Aroostook war." The state militia was 
called out by the governor is consequence of 
the boundary disputes between Maine and 
Canada and marched for some distance beyond 
Augusta, but no enemy was ever encountered 
and report has it that all concerned had a very 
merry time. However, the general govern- 
ment had plenty of land in those days, and a 
warrant for one hundred and sixty acres was 
given to his widow for said service. He mar- 
ried, March 9, 1830, Angela Cutter, born 
Portland, Maine, February 16, 1803, daughter 
of Levi and Lucretia (Mitchell) Cutter (see 
Cutter). Children: i. John Dafforne, born 
December 4, 1830, died March 16, 1842. 2. 
Oliver Dorrance, horn I'cbruary 18, 1835. The 
third and fourth children, both sons, died in 
extreme infancy. 

(IX) Oliver Dorrance, son of John Daf- 
forne and .Angela (Cutter) Kinsman, was 
born in I'ortlaiid,' Maine, February 18, 1835. 
He received his early education in the public 
grammar and high schools of his native city, 
in the academy at Southport, now Kenosha, 
Wisconsin, in the public schools of Boston, 
Massachusetts, and North Yarmouth (Maine) 
Academy, a boarding school. He was about 
fifteen years old when his father died, and 
after that he was compelled to make his own 
way in life. He first found employment in 
dry goods stores in Portland, but soon after- 
ward took up practical surveying and civil en- 
gineering, at first in a minor capacity, but with 
a determination to master the profession, and 
it was not long before he was in charge of ex- 
tensive engineering operations in Maine, the 
Canadas, Massachusetts, Iowa and Florida. 
About the beginning of the civil war he was 
in charge of the construction work of the 
western division of the Florida railroad be- 
tween Fernandina and Cedar Keys, having 
been in that region since 1858. Being a north- 
ern man and having nothing in common with 
the sympathies of the southern people, it w-as a 
very easy matter for a hot-headed Florida 
planter to create public indignation against Mr. 
Kinsman, basing accusations on entirely false 
charges, but sufficient for the purpose of ac- 
complishing his arrest by an alleged vigilance 
committee and an ultimate sentence of death 



on the scaffold. .Ml of this was in fact done, 
but through Masonic intervention the victim 
of southern resentment was rescued from his 
captors and put safely aboard the first north- 
bound steamer. He reached Portland in Jan- 
uary, 1861, remained there only a short time 
and then went to Iowa, where formerly he had 
business relations. There in September of the 
same year he enlisted as private in Company 
K. Eleventh Iowa Infantry, and was mus- 
tered into the service. From the outset he 
made rapid advances in rank, from private to 
sergeant, to sergeant-major, second lieutenant, 
first lieutenant and adjutant of the regiment, 
captain and assistant adjutant general of vol- 
unteers, and was assigned to the Third Bri- 
gade ("Crocker's Iowa Pjrigade"), Fourth Di- 
vision, Seventeenth Army Corps, of which bri- 
gade he had for some time been acting assist- 
ant adjutant general. Later he was brevetted 
major and lieutenant-colonel of volunteers. 

During his military career Colonel Kinsman 
took part in the battles of Shiloh, Medon Sta- 
tion, luka, Corinth (October, 1862), Big 
Black River, \'icksburg, Mechanicsville, Hills- 
boro. Big Shanty, Resaca, Kenesaw Moun- 
tain, Chattahoochee River, Nickajack Creek, 
Atlanta, Flint River. Snake Creek Gap, Love- 
joy's Station, Jonesboro, Savannah. Poco- 
taiigo. River's Bridge, Orangeburg, Benton- 
ville and Raleigh, including Sherman's March 
to the Sea and through the Carolinas. At the 
general muster out he was the assistant ad- 
jutant general of the Seventeenth Corps. He 
also took part in the Grand Review in Wash- 
ington. At the battle of Shiloh he was 
wounded and on the hospital and invalid list 
for two months, but otherwise he never was 
for a day absent from his post of duty during 
the almost four years of his army service. 
After the war and after a period of about 
thirty days spent at his old home he was as- 
signed to duty in the bureau of refugees, 
freedmen and abandoned lands in South Caro- 
lina, where he served as assistant adjutant 
general, first to Brevet Major General Rufus 
Saxton, second to Brevet Major General Rob- 
ert K. Scott, and in the early part of 1866 was 
transferred to that bureau in Alabama as as- 
sistant adjutant general to Brevet Major Gen- 
eral Wager Swayne. He was finally mus- 
tered out of service October i, 1866, although 
he afterward remained as a civilian with the 
same duties as before until January, 1868, then 
resigned and went back to Iowa. In 1867 and 
for some time afterward he was closely asso- 
ciated with the work of reconstruction in Ala- 
bama. On the final muster out he was tempted 



172 



STATE OF MAINE. 



with the offer of a commission in the regular 
army, but declined it. In 1869 he became con- 
nected with the departmental service in Wash- 
ington, in the war department until 1874, and 
afterward from 1876 until 1886, and since that 
time in the pension office of the interior de- 
partment, his present position being that of ex- 
aminer. From 1874 until 1876 he lived in 
Brooklyn, New York. 

Colonel Kinsman is a Republican in all that 
the name implies, for he shot and fought that 
way. His first vote was cast for Fremont in 
1856. He is a Blue Lodge and Royal Arch 
Mason, anrl feels that he owes much to the 
craft ; a member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, the Society of the Army of the Ten- 
nessee, of the Association of "Crocker's Iowa 
Brigade," and of the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion of the L'nited States. He mar- 
ried, in Washington, October 19, 1871, Emma 
Matilda Louisa Richardson, and has four chil- 
dren : I. Elinor Matilda, born 1872. 2. An- 
gela Elizabeth, born 1874. 3. Lucretia Beatrice, 
born 1876, married B. Holly S. Woodford 
(now dead) and has one child, Beatrice Kins- 
man Woodford, born 1902. 4. Olive Daf- 
forne, born 1893. Since 1886 Colonel Kins- 
man has lived on his farm, situate on the bank 
of the Northwest Bra:ich of the Polomac in 
Montgomery county, Maryland, some nine 
miles from Washington. 



The Cutter families of New 
CUTTER England are descended from 

English ancestors, and the first 
persons of that surname of whom there is an 
authentic record were the Widow Elizabeth 
Cutter, her two sons and one daughter. These 
children are said by antiquarians to have been 
grandchildren of one Cutter, of Newcastle-up- 
on-Tyne, England, but concerning whom no 
further information appears to be obtainable. 
(I) Elizabeth Cutter, widow, with whom 
our present narrative begins, came to New 
England about 1640, and died in Cambridge. 
Massachusetts, January 10, 1663-64. In her 
will she gave her age as eighty-seven years, 
but as she lived about two years after that 
instrument was executed she must have been 
eighty-nine at the time of her death. Three 
children came with her to this country — Wil- 
liam, Richard and Barbara. W'illiam lived in 
New England about seventeen years, and then 
returned to his old home at Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne, England. Richard is the immigrant an- 
cestor of those who bear the Cutter surname in 
America. Barbara, the daughter, married Eli- 
jah Corlet, the Cambridge schoolmaster. In 



the church records of Cambridge the widow 
Elizabeth is mentioned as "Old Goodwife Cut- 
ter," and in a statement made by her she says 
that she was born in a small place, without a 
church, near Newcastle-upon-Tyne ; that she 
"knew not" the name of her father, who is 
supposed to have died during her infancy, but 
her mother sent her, when she was old enough, 
to Newcastle, where she was placed in a 
"godly family," and remained about seven 
years and then became member of another 
household where religious privileges were less. 
After the death of her husband she was sent 
to Cambridge. New England, and "came 
thither in a time of sickness and through many 
sad troubles by sea." She had with her in 
Cambridge a sister or sister-in-law, widow 
Isabella Wilkinson, who doubtless came from 
Newcastle. 

(II) Richard Cutter, son of Elizabeth, died 
in Cambridge, June 16, 1693, aged about sev- 
enty-two years. His was one of the first 
houses built in tliat part of Cambridge which 
was called Menotomy, away from the more 
thickly settled parts of the town, and as a pro- 
tection against Indian attacks it was provided 
with ^'flankers." Two of his sons and two of 
his stepsons were soldiers of King Philip's 
war in 1675, and they all took part in the ex- 
pedition into the country of the Narragan- 
setts and in the fierce battle which was fought 
there. Richard Cutter married (first) about 
1644, Elizabeth Williams, who died March 5, 
1661-62, daughter of Robert and Elizabeth 
(Stalham) Williams. He married (second) 
February 14, 1662-63, Frances (Perriman) 
Amsden, widow of Isaac Amsden. Richard 
Cutter was a cooper by trade, and there is 
still in possession of his descendants the small 
oaken chest in which he kept his clothing while 
serving his apprenticeship. He was made 
freeman in 1641, and joined the Artillery Com- 
pany of Boston in 1643. His children: i. 
Elizabeth, born July 15. 1645. 2. Samuel, 
January 3, 1646-47. 3. Thomas, July 19, 1648. 
4. William, February 22, 1649-50. 5. Ger- 
shom. 1653. 6. Mary, 1657. 7. Nathaniel. 
December i, 1663. 8. Rebecca, September 5, 
1665. 9. Hepzibah, November 11, 1667. 10. 
Elizabeth, May i, 1668-69. H- Hepzibah, 
August 15, 1671. 12. Sarah, August 31, 1673. 
13. Ruhamah, 1678. 

(III) William, son of Richard and Eliza- 
beth (Williams) Cutter, was born in Cam- 
bridge February 22, 1649-50, and lived in that 
part of the town called Menotom)', on the 
banks of the stream flowing from Lexington 
through Arlington into the Mvstic river. He 



STATI'. Ol'" MAINE. 



'73 



receiveil frmn tlio estate of his \vilc".s father 
an acre of land, aiul there he built iiis house 
and dwelt there until 1717, when he deeded 
the property to his son John. He then moved 
to the old Kolfe mansion house, which re- 
mained .standing until about 1844. William 
Cutter was a carpenter by trade, a husband- 
man and also a miller, owner of considerable 
land in the town, and evidently a man of 
prominence. lie married Rebecca, daughter 
of John Rolfe, and both be and liis w'ife were 
admitted to the church in Cambridge in 1700. 
Their family Bible is yet in possession of their 
descendants. Rebecca survived her husband 
and afterward married, June 23, 1724, John 
Whitmorc, Sr. William and Rebecca (Rolte) 
Cutter had children: i. Elizabeth, born i\Iarch 

5. 16S0-81. 2. Richard. November 13. 1682. 
3. Mary, January 26. 1684-85. 4. Hannah, 
May 20, 1688. 5. John. October 15, 1690. 

6. Rebecca, January 18, 1692-93. 7. William, 
1697. 8. Samuel, June 14, 1700. 9. Sarah, 
baptized October 18, 1702. 10. Ammi Ru- 
hamab, baptized May 6, 1705. 

(I\') Rev. Ammi Ruhamah Cutter, son 
of William and Rebecca (Rolfe) Cutter, was 
born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, May 6, 
1705, graduated from Harvard College in 
1725, and for a time afterward was a sur- 
veyor of land. In 1727 he was admitted to 
communion with the church in Cambridge, 
and on Sunday, November 10, 1729, as a can- 
didate, he preached his first sermon at North 
Yarmouth, Maine; and soon afterward be- 
came the first settled minister of that town. 
He continued as spiritual head of the church 
there until 1735, and then received his letter 
of dismissal. This was the end of his work 
in the ministry, but it was not the end of his 
good works, for his whole life was filled with 
Christian deeds and acts of moral and physical 
courage. While living at North Yarmcjuth he 
took an active and earnest interest in all pub- 
lic alTairs, and performed much clerical work 
for the inhabitants of the town, writing wills, 
deeds and other important papers. In 1741 he 
was appointed town agent at the general court 
of Massachusetts, and in 1742 was appointed 
to superintend the Indian trading house on 
the Saco river, about nine miles above its 
mouth. There w-erc three such establishments 
in Maine at that time, and they who were 
appointed to superintend them were selected 
with particular regard to probity, discretion 
and character; and as none of the Indians in 
the vicinity of the agency at which Mr. Cut- 
ter was "truck-master" spoke the language of 
those farther west in New England, he "com- 



jjosed a vocabulary, which yet remains." He 
was captain of a company in Sir William I'cp- 
perell's expedition f(jr the reduction of Louis- 
burg, his command being attached to Colonel 
Jeremiah Moulton"s York county regiment. 
After the fall of that stronghold a detachment 
of troops was detailed to remain at the for- 
tress, during the following winter, and Cap- 
tain Cutter was assigned to the position of 
chief commandant and surgeon. Me died at 
Louisburg in March, 1746, a victim of the 
general contagion which prevailed throughout 
the garrison. On October 13, 1745, he wrote: 
" 'Tis generally a very sickly, dying time 
through the country, with the usual nervous 
or slow fever. We have daily tidings of our 
people dying at Cape I'reton, and of many 
coming home and <lying after arrival.'' I're- 
vious to his dismissal from the church at 
North Yarmouth, Mr. Cutter married Doro- 
thy Bradbury, sister of Moses Bradbury, one 
of the first settlers at North Yarmouth and 
formerly of Newburyport, Massachusetts. 
"She possessed much of her husband's activity 
and enterprise, and a character so exalted that 
her memory is held in the highest veneration 
by her descendants to the present time." She 
bore her husband four children: i. .\mmi 
Ruhamah, born North Yarmouth March 15, 
1735*; graduated from Harvard College in 
1752; studied medicine and afterward became 
a prominent character in the civil and mili- 
tary history of the provinces of Maine and 
New Hampshire. 2. William, born 1737. 3. 
Samuel, born North Yarmouth. August 7, 
1739, died April 27, 1824. 4. Elizabeth, born 
1742, died unmarried. 1792. 

(V) Captain William Cutter, son of Rev. 
Ammi Ruhamah and Dorothy (Bradbury) 
Cutter, was born in North Yarmouth in 1737, 
and was killed by a falling tree June 28, 
1776. Elis correspondence with his brother 
indicates that he had charge of his father's 
estate, and it is evident that he had much to 
do with transacting the town's business. He 
was a farmer and lived in his father's old 
mansion house ; was captain of militia, select- 
man of the town, the fourth incumbent of 
the office of tow'n treasurer, and an excellent 
citizen. On the day of his death, says one 
account, accompanied by his sons John and 
Ammi. both then lads, he proceeded to fell 
certain trees on his estate, at some di.stance 
from his dwelling, on land now (1871) 
owned by Mr. Russell. While cutting down 
one tree it unexpectedly fell and crushed him 
to the ground. .After ineffectually attempting 
his liberation, he directed the bovs to run for 



174 



STATE OF MAINE. 



assistance, but he died before he could be re- 
lieved from his unfortunate position. Captain 
Cutter married Mehitable, daughter of An- 
drew and Zeruiah (Standish) Gray, of North 
Yarmouth, and a descendant of Captain Myles 
Standish. Zeruiah Standish was the great- 
granddaughter of both JMyles Standish and 
John Alden, her father Ebenezcr being the 
son of Alexander Standish, son of Myles, the 
said Alexander having married a daughter of 
John Alden. Captain William and Mehitable 
(Gray) Cutter had eight children: i. Sarah, 
born June 30, 1760, died June 14, 1843; mar- 
ried John Davis, died October 29, 1798. 2. 
Jane, probably twin with Sarah ; married 
(first) Gage, (second) Elisha Gard- 
ner, of Exeter, New Hampshire. 3. Phebe, 
born June 5. 1764: married, August 25, 1785, 
Dr. Ammi Ruhamah Mitchell, of North Yar- 
mouth. 4. John, born 1767; married (first) 
Elizabeth Bucknam Loring, died July 20, 
1821 ; married (second) Mrs. Mary Joiies 
Bearce. 5. Ammi, born February 2, 1770, 
.died September 18, 1825; married November 
13, 1794, Hannah Gushing Greeley. 6. Sam- 
uel, died North Yarmouth, March 23, 1776, 
.aged four years. 7. Levi, born May 22, 1774. 
8. Captain William, born October, 1776; was 
a mariner and was lost at sea near Cape Sable 
about 1815; married (first) Rachel Mitchell, 
(second) Isabella Babson. 

(\'I) Levi Cutter, son of Captain William 
and Mehitable (Gray) Cutter, was born in 
North Yarmouth, Maine, May 22, 1774, and 
died in Portland, Maine, March 2, 1856. His 
father having been killed in 1776 by a falling 
tree, the family was left largely in care of 
the mother, a woman of great energy and 
.ability. Her children were all young and 
were taught at an early age that they must 
rely upon their own efforts and make their 
•own way in life. Levi had only the advan- 
tages of a common school education, and at 
•the age of fourteen became himself a teacher. 
As was customary in those days, he had in his 
-classes pupils of adult age, but he early mani- 
fested the executive power which so distin- 
guished his after life, and he was a highly 
successful teacher. He also was early taught 
in the Westminster catechism and became so 
familiar with it that he could repeat the whole 
of it, question and answer. In 1791 he made 
a public profession of religion and in the 
same year united with the First Congrega- 
tional Church of North Yarmouth. In 1801 
■he took a letter of dismissal to the Second 
Congregational Church of Portland, and con- 
tinued his membership there until the time of 



his death, being for many years a deacon of 
the church. He began business as a merchant 
in North Yarmouth, but suffered heavy losses 
by the "French spoliations prior to 1800."' 
About 1803 he removed to Portland, and for 
many years engaged in banking and insur- 
ance business, and still later was a member 
of the firm of N. & L. Dana & Co. Several 
years before his death Mr. Cutter retired from 
active pursuits. From 1838 until the time of 
his death he was a corporate member of the 
American Board of Commissioners for For- 
eign Missions, for many years a member of 
the board of governors of Bowdoin College, 
and vice-president of the board. He also was 
an active member of the old fire department, 
and in 1834 was elected mayor of Portland, 
which office he filled six years. In September, 
1796, Mr. Cutter married (first) Lucretia 
Mitchell, who died April 13, 1827, daughter 
of David and Lucretia (Loring) Mitchell, and 
sister of Dr. A. R. Mitchell, of North Yar- 
mouth. He married (second) November 18, 
1833, i\Irs. Ruth (Kendall) Jenkins, of New- 
buryport, Massachusetts. She died in April, 
1862. Levi Cutter had ten children, all born 
of his first marriage: I. Lucretia Loring, born 
North Yarmouth, August 3, 1797, died Clin- 
ton, Iowa, October 12, 1861 ; married August 
ID, 1819, Rev. Petrus Stuyvesant Ten Broeck. 
2. David Mitchell, born September 9, 1798, 
died December 16, 1836. 3. Harriet, born 
February 19, 1800, died March 28, 1863; mar- 
ried July 8, 1835, Joseph Adams, of Salem, 
Massachusetts. 4. William, born May 15, 
1801 ; married May 29, 1828, Margaret W. 
Dicks. 5. Angela, born February 16, 1803 ; 
married March 9, 1830, John Dafforne Kins- 
man. (See Kinsman.) 6. Elizabeth Jane, 
born November 5, 1804, died September 8, 
1806. 7. Julia Ann, born August 26, 1806, 
died December 28, 1830; married, August 31, 
1829, Rev. Samuel Cutler. 8. Jane Maria, 
born May 21, 1808, died September 19, 1848; 
married September i, 1832, Oliver B. Dor- 
rance. of Portland, merchant. 9. Edward 
Francis, born January 20, 1810; married De- 
cember 5, 1833, J^Iary Eliza McLellan. 10. 
Delia Swift, born July 15, 1812, died Septem- 
ber 16, 1865; married July 8, 1835, Joseph 
Buckminster Gardner. 



The now numerous family of 
McKEEN this name in America, which is 

descended from Scotch-Irish 
ancestors who were pioneers in New Hamp- 
shire and Pennsylvania, has had many rep- 
resentatives who distinguished themselves in 



STATI'". ( )I" .MAIXE. 



175 



war ami in jjcacc. I'atriotism and executive 
ability have been and still are marked traits 
of the McKeens. Few save the local historian 
realize how narrowly the district of Maine 
missed beconiing^ tiie home of the largest por- 
tion of that remarkable company of Presby- 
terians who emigrated from Londonderry to 
Boston in August, 1718. Sixteen or more 
families who desired to form a separate settle- 
ment and enjoy the ministrations of their 
former pastor, Rev. James McGregor, were 
told by (jovernor Shute that there was good 
land in the neighborhood of Casco l!ay. They 
came by ship to I'ortland in the autumn of 
that year. An unusually early and severe 
winter overtook them. Their vessel was 
frozen in. The hamlet of Falmouth Neck, 
as it was then called, had not dwellings enough 
to house them. Their supplies were exhausted 
and their money was limited. So great was 
the need that the general court at Boston 
voted that one hundred bushels of Indian meal 
be allowed and paid out of the treasury for 
the poor among these strangers from Ireland. 
Though they came from Ireland they were not 
Irish. .After James I, on the flight of certain 
Irish chieftains, had confiscated a large por- 
tion of the territory of Ulster, he induced by 
liberal grants of land many of his Scottish 
subjects to settle in tliat region. Later in the 
century the persecutions of the Covenanters 
by Claverhouse sent many more of the Scot- 
tish peasantry across to their Presbyterian 
brethren in the north of Ireland. The de- 
scendants of these men made up this band of 
home seekers. Some of them had personal 
knowledge, it is said, of the hardships of the 
famous siege of Londonderry, all of them 
were more or less animated by a desire for 
the larger civil and religious liberty which 
they could never expect in a land where the 
great mass of the population belonged to an- 
other faith and they themselves were taxed 
to support ecclesiastical government which 
they did not approve and would not sanction. 
The family and clan name of the Mclveans 
is MacDonald. (See McDonald.) Donald, 
the progenitor, was a son of Reginald, and 
grandson of the Somerlad King of the Isles. 
All descendants of this Donald are called Mac- 
Donalds ("sons of Donald"). The progenitor 
of the MacDonalds of Glencoe was John 
Fraoch, son of Angus Og, Mac Donald, Lord 
of the Isles of Scotland, who fought with 
Bruce at Bannockburn. The MacDonalds of 
Glencoe were locally or patronymically known 
as Maclans or Maclains, or in its Anglicized 
forms McKean. In the Gaelic Ian is John ; 



Mac means son of. Hence McKean is equiva- 
lent to John's son, or Johnson. John Sjjran- 
gach, the youngest son of Angus Mor Mac- 
Donald, Lord of the Isles, and brother of 
Angus Og, Lord of the Isles, was the ancestor 
of the AiacDonalds of Ardna-murchan, who 
are also patronymically Mclans or McKeans. 
Sprangach signifies, the Bold. The claymores 
of the McKeans gleamed in all the important 
battles of Scotland in their day, except Cullo- 
den. They were first in the battle of Inver- 
lochy, in 1431, known as the first battle of 
Inverlochy. The coat-of-arms : argent an 
eagle displayed gules surmounted of a lymphad 
(long-fada or galley) sable. In the dexter 
chief a hand proper, holding a crosslet fitchee 
azure. Crest and motto, same as MacDonalds 
of the Isles. The Suaicheantas or badge is 
also the same, i. e., fraoch gorm, or common 
heath. Alotto : J'ai bonne Esperance. Crest : 
A raven sable on a rock azure. 

(I) William McKean, to whom this family 
is traced, lived in Argyleshire, Scotland. The 
name of his wife is unknown. 

(II) James, son of William McKean, was 
born in Argyleshire, and settled in Ballymoney 
in the county of Antrim. Ireland, about the 
middle of the seventeenth century. He was 
devotedly attached to his people, a zealous 
P'rotestant and one of that band who made 
the defense of Londonderry one of the most 
remarkable events in the history of the British 
Isles. He had three sons— James, John and 
William. James is the subject of the next 
paragraph. John and descendants receive men- 
tion in this article. William settled in Penn- 
sylvania, and was the progenitor of a large 
family. Among his grandsons was Thomas 
McKean, a signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, and who for nine years was gov- 
ernor of Pennsylvania. 

( III) Prominent in this group of strong and 
resolute men was James (2) McKeen, the 
first of the name to step upon the Maine shore. 
He had signed the memorial presented to 
Governor Shute by Rev. William Boyd early 
in the year, and was acting as the agent to 
select the land for the new settlement. When 
spring came he and his associates examined 
the unoccupied land to the eastward and found 
nothing that was satisfactory. Then they 
turned westward, and ascending the Merri- 
niac to Haverhill, heard of a tract some fifteen 
miles distant known as Nutfield, from the 
abundance of chestnut, butternut and walnut 
trees. Here they settled, and in June, 1722, 
received from Governor Benning Wentworth 
a charter for the town of Londonderry. Fore- 



I7C 



STATE OF MAINE. 



most in the list of tlie sixteen first settlers in 
this frontier town was James McKeen, who 
will be hereafter referred to as Justice Mc- 
Keen, to distinguish him from his father and 
his son, each of the same name. Tradition 
says that he spelled it McKean, like the Penn- 
sylvania family of kindred race, until the issue 
to him in 1720 of the commission of justice 
of the peace, which, by a clerical error, re- 
placed the a with a second c, a form which 
has since been followed by most of his de- 
scendants. He was born in Ireland in 1665, 
and married (first) Janet Cochran, by whom 
he had, besides several children that died in 
infancy, two daughters — Elizabeth and Janet. 
Elizabeth married, in 1714, James Nesmith, 
who accompanied liis father-in-law to Amer- 
ica and became a prominent citizen of Lon- 
donderry and an elder in the church. Janet 
McKeen married John Cochran, of Windham, ' 
New Hampshire, and was the ancestress of 
Governor Samuel Dinsmoor and Robert Dins- 
moor, the "Rustic Bard." Justice McKeen 
married (second) Annis Cargil, sister of 
Marion Cargil, wife of Rev. James Mac- 
Gregor. She survived her husband several 
years, and died highly esteemed, August 8, 
1782, in the ninety-fourth year of her age. 
By this marriage there were nine children : 
John, Mary, James, Janet, Martha, David, 
Margaret, Annis and Samuel. The last four 
are believed to have died without ofifspring. 
Of the daughters, Mary married Robert Boyd, 
and lived in Londonderry ; Janet, born De- 
cember 28, 1 72 1, married William Orr, and 
had three children ; James, born in April, 1719, 
married Elizabeth Dinsmoor, and lived in 
Londonderry till the close of the revolution- 
ary war, when he removed to Corinth, Ver- 
mont, where he died in 1794, leaving one son, 
David McKeen. 

Justice McKeen, whose numerous descend- 
ants have been thus briefly summarized, was 
a remarkable man. He had already won for 
himself in the old country the respect and con- 
fidence of his neighbors, as is evidenced by 
the duty entrusted to him of selecting a site for 
settlement. He had acquired in trade a prop- 
perty which, though not great, enabled him 
to bring his own family and many of his 
friends through the trying period of emigra- 
tion and settlement. His natural ability and 
intellectual attainments were equal to the task 
of maintaining the rights of his townsmen 
against the encroachments almost inevitable in 
those days of disputed titles. His innate sense 
of justice led him to join with others in se- 
curing for the lands of the town a title from 



the Indians as well as from King George. 
The first commissioned officer of the commun- 
ity, he was also its first representative in the 
provincial assembly, serving from 1727 till his 
resignation in 1729. He was repeatedly mod- 
erator at town meetings, and at his death, 
November 9, 1756, was honored and lamented 
as the patriarch of the colony. Perhaps the 
following oath which as assemblyman he took 
on the accession of George II to the throne, 
will indicate as clearly as anything else the 
difference between his time and ours : 

"I, James McKeen, do swear that I do from 
my heart abhor, detest, abjure as impious and 
heretical, that damnable iloctrine and position, 
that Princes excommunicated or deprived by 
the Pope or any authority of the See of Rome, 
may be deposed or munhered by their sub- 
jects, or any other whatsoever: and I do de- 
clare that no foreign Prince, Person or Pre- 
late, Stale or Potentate, hath or ought to have 
jurisdiction, power, superiority, pre-eminence 
or authority, ecclesiastical or spiritual, within 
the realm of Great Britain. So help me God." 
"I, James McKeen, do truly and sincerely 
acknowledge, profess, testify and declare in 
my conscience before God and the world, that 
our Sovereign Lord, King George the Second, 
is lawful and rightful King of the realm of 
Great Britain, and all other his Majesty's Do- 
minions and countries thereunto belonging ; 
and I do solemnly and sincerely declare that 
I do believe in my conscience, that the person 
pretended to Prince of Wales during the life 
of the late King James, and since his decease, 
pretending to be, and taking upon himself the 
style and title of King of England, by the 
name of James the Third, King of Great Brit- 
ain, hath not any right or title whatsoever to 
the Crown of the realm of Great Britain, or 
any other of the dominions thereto belonging. 
And I do renounce, refuse and abjure any al- 
legiance or obedience to him ... So help 
me God." 

(IV) John (2), son of Justice James (2) 
McKeen and his second wife, Annis Cargil, 
was born April 13, 1714, at Ballymone\-, county 
Antrim, Ireland. He received his education 
in one of the "two schools for reading and 
writing" which the settlers in Londonderry at 
once established before they were able to sup- 
port that "grammar school kept by some dis- 
creet person well instructed in the tongues" 
which every town of over a hundred house- 
holders was required to maintain. Many of 
his kin found occupation in keeping these 
schools, and the reputation of the Scotch-Irish 
schoolmasters was high. One of them, by the 



STATl' (W MA 1X1' 



177 



name of Donovan, once accompanied tlic se- 
lectman on liis visit to the school iiikIlt the 
latter's supervision. Not quite satisfied with 
the methods prevailin<j, the town official asked 
the teacher Iiis credentials as an instructor. 
On their departure the scholars asked the 
master what credentials meant. "I don't knuw 
nor care," said he, "but I suppose it is some 
Latin word Donovan has put into his head.'" 
John McKeen became an elder in the Presby- 
terian church, served as selectman several 
years, was representative to the general court 
in 177S, and appears to have held a place in 
the conuiiunity similar to that tilled by his 
father. 

He marricil his cousin Mary, daughter of 
John and Janet RlcKeen ; chiklren : i. James, 
married Cunningham ; lived in Peters- 
borough, New PJampshire, and was father of 
Judge Levi McKeen, of Poughkeei)sie, New 
York ; died 1789. 2. John, married Janet Tay- 
lor : was a captain in the revolutionary war. 
The late James McKeen, counsellor at law in 
New York City in 1850, was his son. 3. Rob- 
ert, married Mary McPherson ; lived in An- 
trim, New Hampshire, and Corinth, Vermont ; 
died 1809. His son, Joseph McKeen, v\-as for 
several years superintendent of schools in New 
York City. 4. William, married Nancy Tay- 
lor, served in the revolutionary war ; died 
1824. 5. Annis, died unmarried. 6. Joseph, 
born October 15, 1757, died July 15, 1807, at 
Brunswick, Maine. 7. Janet, married John 
Taylor, Jr. ; five children. 8. Daniel, married 
(first) Janet Wilson, (second) Lucy Martin, 
widow of John Nesmith, of Windham, and 
lived upon the homestead in Londonderry. 9. 
Samuel, married (first) Elizabeth Taylor, 
(second) Mary Clark. 

(V) Joseph, si.\th child of John and Mary 
McKeen, displayed early a fondness for study, 
and under the tuition of Rev. Simon Williams, 
of Windham, New Hampshire, was prepared 
for college and entered Dartmouth when he 
was thirteen. He showed a marked predi- 
lection for mathematical studies and graduated 
in 1774 with the reputation of being also a 
good classical scholar. He at once became 
the school teacher of his native town of Lon- 
donderry and continued in that occupation 
with brief interruptions for eight years. In 
1778 he served as sergeant in Captain James 
Gilmore's company. Colonel Gale's regiment, 
in the patriot army, taking part in General 
.Sullivan's Rhode Lsland campaign. In the 
summer of 1780 he pursued a course of study 
in natural philosophy, mathematics and astron- 
omv under Professor Samuel Williams, of 



Harvard L'niversity, and was sub.sequently an 
assistant teacher at Phillips Academy, Ando- 
ver, Massachusetts, with Rev. Dr. ICliphalet 
Pearson, afterwards professor of Hebrew at 
Harvard. Having determined to enter the 
ministry he pursued his theological studies at 
Windham, New Hampshire, under the direc- 
tion of his old instructor, Rev. Mr. Williams. 
L'ndcr license from Londonderry Presbytery 
he preached for a time to a body of Presby- 
terians in Boston. In 1785 he severed his 
connection with the presbytery, and on May 
1 1 was ordained pastor of the Congregational 
church at Beverly, Massachusetts, a position 
made vacant by the election of his predecessor 
to the presidency of 1 larvard College. Here 
he labored for seventeen years with great ac- 
ceptance. Though not a brilliant preacher, 
he was a most instructive and helpful one, and 
by exemplary life and fidelity to his pastoral 
duties won the respect and confidence of the 
entire community. Illustrative of his sense of 
duty was his failure to be present at a forma! 
dinner to which he had been invited and at 
which General Washington was the guest of 
honor, because on the way thither he received 
an urgent call to the bedside of a humble par- 
ishioner in a distant part of the town. In 
1801 he accepted an election to the presidency 
of the new!}' organized Ijowdoin College, and 
on September 2, 1802, was formally inaugu- 
rated. In this capacity he fully met the ex- 
pectations formed concerning him. His thor- 
ough scholarship, his good judgment and his 
knowledge of human nature accomplished 
much for the institution under his charge. 
Great was the grief of its friends when after 
a lingering and obscure illness, which at last 
took the form of dropsy, he died July 15, 
1807, in his fiftieth year. 

President McKeen was above the ordinary 
stature, and of commanding personal appear- 
ance. Gentlemanly and affable in his manner, 
he easily accommodated himself to any com- 
pany. His theological creed was for "sub- 
stance of doctrine," in accord with the .Assem- 
bly's Shorter Catechism, and he did not oppose 
the more liberal views beginning to be held by 
some of his Massachusetts neighbors. By no 
means destitute of the ancestral Scotch wit, 
his words to one who was personally an inti- 
mate friend well illustrates his type of humor. 
Being exceedingly busy he remarked to his 
wife as he went upstairs to his study : "I can't 
see even the Apostle Paul to-day should he 
call." A little later this friend appeared, and 
on inquiring of Mrs. McKeen whether her hus- 
band was engaged, was told of his remark. 



178 



STATE OF MAINR. 



The dialogue had hardly finished when Presi- 
dent McKeen recognized his friend's voice and 
bade him come up. No sooner was he seated 
than the friend rallied the president on his in- 
consistent action. "That is easily explained," 
returned he, "I expect to discuss theology with 
the Apostle Paul in another world, but so er- 
roneous are your views on the subject that 
I feel I must improve, in your case, every 
opportunity the present life affords." Presi- 
dent Mc