Skip to main content

Full text of "The genealogical history of the Croke family, originally named Le Blount"

See other formats






M. L 


3 1833 01208 7011 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 














S-c* VOL - «■ 













First, the B hunts of Sodington and Mawley. 
Secondly, those of Kinlet, Eye, Kidderminster, and other places. 
Thirdly, the Lords Mountjoy, Devonshire, and Newport. 
Fourthly, those of Ever and Maple-Durham. 
Fifthly, of ' Grendon, Bromyard, Orleton, and Elder sf eld. 
Sixthly, of Burton-upon-Trent, Osbaston, and Tittenhanger. 
Seventhly, such other Blounts as are not reducible to the preceding 






The Bloiints of Sodington in Worcestershire, and Maw ley in Shropshire. 

HAVING finished the two elder branches, the Barons of Ixworth, and 
the Lords of Belton, including the Croke family, I proceed to Sir Wil- 
liam le Blount, the second son of Sir Robert le Blount, and Isabel 
Odinsels, from whom are descended all the younger branches. 

Sir William le Blount married a lady named Isabella, whose maiden 
name, and whether she was of the Seymour or the Beauchamp families, or 
both, is differently stated by the genealogists 1 . By Bigland she is called 

* Bigland, and some other pedigrees, introduce here three Sir William le Blounts before 
Sir William le Blount who married Isabel Beauchamp, in the following manner. 
Sir Stephen le Blount = Maria le Blount. 


Sir William le Blount = Eleanor, daughter and co-heir of 
of Gladston, in Glou- John Woodthorpe, of Stickford. 
cestershire. and Ellen Sandeby. Wood- 

thorpe bore, argent, a bend be- 
tween six cross-crosslets, azure. 

Sir William le Blount = — daughter of Sir John Merriett. 
I Barry of six pieces, or and sable. 
I A bend ermine. 

Sir William le Blount = Anne Tracy, daughter of Lord 
1 Tracy. Or, between two bend- 
lets, gules, an escalop, sable, 
I on the dexter side. 


Sir William le Blount = Isabel Lovet, or Beauchamp. 


the daughter of Sir John Seymour 6 : by Collins she is said to have been 
the sole daughter, and heiress, of Sir John Saint Maur, or Seymour, Lord 
Beauchamp of Hache, in the county of Somerset . In the pedigrees of 
the family in Rawlinson's manuscript, and likewise in the Dugdale 
pedigree of Blount, it is said that Sir William le Blount married Isabel, 

And the following pedigree of Woodthorpe. 

Sir Walter Woodthorpe. 
Argent, a bend between six cross-crosslets fitchee, azure. 

Richard Woodthorpe, = Daughter of Sir William Woodthorpe, 


De la Mare. 
Gules, two 
lions passant, 

married Maud, daughter ot 
Sir John Fitzraarmaduke 
Gules, a fesse between three 
falcons, argent. 

William Woodthorpe, 
of Stickford, married 
Grace, da. and h. of 
Ralph Stickford of 
Stickford. Or, a fesse, 
lozengy of three 

John Woodthorpe, 
mar. Ellen Sandeby . 

Sir William Woodthorpe, 
married da. of — Pickford 
of Salop. Cheeky, or.and 
azure. On a fesse, argent, 
three lions rampant,gules. 

Walter Woodthorpe, mar. 
Margaret, da. of Sir John 
Moulton Argent, three 
bars, gules. 

Stephen Woodthorpe, 
second son. 

William Blount =Eleanor, da. 
and coheir. 

Matthew Kyme = Grace, da. and coheir. 

Gules, a chevron I 

between ten 

crosses crosslets, | 

or, 4 2. 1. 2. I. 

Simon Kyme, 
of Stickford. 

The three Williams are omitted in Dugdale's, and the Illuminated Pedigrees, and in 
Habington, and Collins. In that of Rawlinson they have a mark of uncertainty as to 
whose son the first Sir William was. 

In addition to th-se authorities against the three Williams, it must be observed that the 
time does not admit of them. If Sir Robert died in 1289, and Sir Walter Blount of Rock 
about 1316, the admission of the three Sir Williams would al!ow only twenty-eight years 
for five generations. 

b Maple Durham Genealogy. 

c Baronetage, vol. ii. p. 36S. vol. iii. part ii. page 666. 

chap. i. SIR WILLIAM LE BLOUNT. 133 

the daughter of Beauchamp ; and the illuminated pedigree says expressly 
that she was the daughter of the Earl of Warwick, which I believe is 
correct 1 ' : for the following reasons. 

Bigland gives as the arms of Isabella Seymour, argent, two chevrons, 
gules, in chief, a label of three points, azure. The ancient baronial family 
of Seymour, which bore those arms, seems not to have been related to the 
other Seymours, who had for their arms two wings, and came in with 
William the Conqueror ; and which last were the arms borne by Seymour 
of Hache. The chevron Seymours had lands in Devonshire, Wiltshire, Dor- 
setshire, and Somersetshire. No Sir John Seymour, or Isabella, or any 
marriage between a female of that family with a Sir William le Blount, ap- 
pears in any of their pedigrees at the Herald's College. Alice, who was 
born in the tenth year of Henry the Fourth, was the last heiress, and 
married Sir William le Zouch*. Nor does it appear upon what authority 
Bigland assigned those arms to Isabel. 

Collins's account is extremely confused, and full of errors. The first 
Lord of Hache, of the Seymour family, was Sir Roger Seymour, who 
acquired that estate by his marriage with Cecily, one of the co-heirs of 
John Beauchamp, Lord of Hache. John Beauchamp died in 1343, and 
Hache was assigned to Cecily in 1362. A Sir John Seymour, Lord of 
Hache, does not occur till the reign of Henry the Fifth, and Seymour was 
not created Lord Beauchamp till that of Henry the Eighth. None of the 
Beauchamps, Lords of Hache, before the marriage with the Seymours, 
left an heiress f . 

Habington 5 says, " I will endeavour to discover what this Isabel was. 
" Because her surname is silenced, I must guess by the seale of Peter le 
" Blount, which being to a deede without date, it is curiously cut with 
" fowre scocheons' 1 . The highest a fesse between six cross-croslets, the 
" arms of the Earl of Warwick. And below, as it were attending the 
" first, barry undee, the coate of Blount. Next, a fesse between wolfs'' 

A Rawlinsons MSS. B. vol. lxxiii. fol. 110. Elount. ' Dugdale, Baron, vol i. p. 89. 

Peerage. Seymour Duke of Somerset, and Genealogy No. 5. the Beauchamp family, 
MS account of Worcestershire families, sub nomine. In biblioth. Societ. Antiq. * ?ee 

n engraving of this seal, after in this chapter. 

124 SIR WILLIAM LE BLOUNT. book hi. 

" heads, being Lovett's. The last, a fesse, between six martlets, the wife 
" of Blount and Lovett. And, if the last had the coullors, might be the 
" arms of Walter Beauchamp, second son of William Beauchamp, Earl 
" of Warwick. For Walter Beauchamp dyd beare gules, a fesse between 
" six martlets, or ; . And this Lady Blount dyd carry, gules, a fesse ar- 
" gent, between six martlets, or. As appears in the church of Elmley 
" Lovet. 

" And to prove Lady Blount of a greater extraction than the Blounts, 
" Sir William le Blount, the younger, who married Margery de Verdon, 
" leaving the arms of his grandfather Sir William le Blount, and of his 
" mother, and co-heir of Sodington, sealed with the arms of his grand- 
" mother Isabel, Lady le Blount k ." 

As to the arms, in painted glass in Elmley Lovet Church, there is 
Habington's description. " In the east window of the church, on the left 
" hand (for the dexter pane hathe, I thinke, lost the arms) is gules, a fesse, 
" or, between six martlets argent, Blount. And the coat which Sir 
" William le Blount, the younger, Lord of Sodington, ever used. Which 
u persuadeth me, that it was the arms of Isabel his grandmother, wyddowe 
' k of Henry Lovet, and Sir William le Blount, and that she was an inheritrix 
" of some great family, (it may be of some Beauchamp.)" Before he stated 
the fesse to have been argent, and the martlets or. But these arms are still 
extant, and by Nash appear to be gules, a fesse between six martlets, 

It is then a mere conjecture of Habington that these were the arms of 
Isabel and Beauchamp. Now we are informed by the manuscript of 
Rawlinson, that the arms, gules, a fesse between six martlets, argent, 
were borne by the descendants of William le Blount, who came over with 
the Conqueror, and hence were borne by some of his later descendants : 
but there is no proof whatever that they were the arms of Isabel. 

Habington's reasoning, to prove the martlet arms, on the seal of Peter 
le Blount, to have been those of his mother Isabel, and of Beauchamp, 
being founded upon the coat of arms in the window, is of course equally 

' Reauchamp of Powyke. Habington. 

k Sir William's seal is engraved, after in this chapter. 

chap. i. SIR WILLIAM LE BLOUNT. 125 

inconclusive ; and there are other circumstances which shew it to have 
been the arms of Blount, and not of Beauchamp. It differs from the 
Beauchamp arms in colour, in which it agrees with the Blount arms. The 
undisputed coat of arms of Beauchamp is on the upper part of the seal, 
and it is not probable that two coats of that family would be introduced. 
Walter Beauchamp, the second son of the Earl of Warwick, might indeed 
have borne a coat with martlets, but it appears to have been first assumed 
by him, to have been peculiar to himself and his descendants, and not the 
usual arms of the family. It was not likely therefore to have been borne 
by Isabel, although a Beauchamp, unless she had been Walter's descend- 
ant ; which has never been supposed. 

Although Habington is erroneous in attributing this coat of arms to 
Isabel, and from thence forming his deduction that she was a Beauchamp, 
yet I think that from another part of the seal, the same inference may be 
drawn with greater probability. The upper coat of arms is a fesse between 
six cross-crosslets, the arms of Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, and which 
is expressly assigned to Isabel in the Illuminated Pedigree. The arms 
of her first husband Lovet are introduced likewise, because her son Peter, 
whose seal it is, inherited some of Lovet's lands. Beauchamp was thus 
placed in the most honourable situation, as being of the highest " ex- 
" traction." 

The inference to be drawn from this seal is rendered certain, and not 
only the family, but the parents of Isabel, are ascertained by the pedigree 
drawn up by Dugdale. She there appears to have been the seventh 
daughter of William de Beauchamp, the first Earl of Warwick, by his 
wife Matilda, the daughter of John Fitz-Geoffrey r . The time agrees per- 
fectly, for Earl William died in the twenty-sixth year of Edward the First, 
1297, and Sir William le Blount was living in 1320. From the inter- 
marriages between the Seymour and Beauchamp families, and from Sey- 
mour's afterwards becoming Lord Beauchamp, the confusion and mistakes 
as to the family name of Isabel have probably arisen . 

r Dugdale s Baronage. Sub nomine. 

* See the history of the family in the Peerages. Seymour, Duke of Somerset. 



Part of Dugdale's genealogy : 

William fie Beauchamp, = Isabella Mauduit. 
died 53 Henry III. I 

John Fitz -Geoffrey. 

William de Beauehamp= Matilda, daughter of 

Earl of Warwick, in 

right of his mother, in 

1267. Died 26 Edw. I. 


Guy de Beauchamp 
Earl of Warwick. 
Died 9 Edw. II. 

Isabel, seventh Walter, 

daughter, wife second son. 

of — Blount. 

Other sons and 

Thomas de Beauchamp 
Earl of Warwick. Died 
43 Edw. III. 

Emma=Roland Odinsels. 

The second William de Beauchamp, the father of Isabella, on the death 
of his uncle, William Mauduit, in 1267, succeeded, in right of his mother 
Isabella, to the Earldom of Warwick, and was the common ancestor of 
the Beauchamps, Lords of Bergavenny, Powick, and St. Amand ; of the 
Lords Beauchamp of Kidderminster, &c: of the Beauchamps of Bletso, 
Hache, and Essex. He bore for his arms, vairy, argent and azure, which 
was common to most of the subsequent branches ; and likewise he bore, 
gules, a fesse, or'. But to this latter coat he added cross-crosslets, which 
were not borne by his father. Whether as a testimony of a pilgrimage 
performed, or intended, to the Holy Land, Dugdale says he could not 
determine. His arms were then, gules, seme of cross-crosslets with a fesse, 
or, as they appear on Peter's seal'. 

To return from this long discussion, which the eminence, in the genea- 
logical science, of the persons who have given such different accounts of 
this lady, had rendered necessary. At the time of her marriage with Sir 
William le Blount, she was the widow of Henry Lovet, by whom she 
had a son named John, who dying without male issue, his property fell to 
his two daughters, Cecilia, and Alicia Lovet. 

Henry Lovet was a man of considerable wealth, and as the principal 

; Edmondson's Baronage, vol. iii. p. 283. " Dugdale's Bar. vol ii. p. 226. 


part of his estates centered in the Blount family, it may be proper to enu- 
merate them. 

The manor of Timberlake, in the parish of Bayton, in Worces- 
tershire, and adjoining Mamble, belonged to him, and was assigned 
in dower to his widow Isabel. The inheritance descended to his son 
John, and then to the daughters of John, by whom it was conveyed to 
Peter le Blount, eldest son of Sir William le Blount, and Isabel. Peter 
transferred it to his younger brother Walter 2 . 

The translation of the deed by which John Lovet assigned Timberlake 
to his mother, for her dower, is as follows. 

" Be it known to all who shall see or hear this present writing, that I 
" John Lovet, Lord of Amnet, have delivered and granted to the Lady 
" Isabella, my mother, the wife of William de Blount, the whole of my 
" manor in Timberlake, with all lands, rents, and appurtenances, thence 
" arising, for her life, rendering yearly at the Nativity of our Lord one 
" penny." It has no date. The witnesses are, William de Porter, Philip 
de Upton, John de la Herdwicke, Dominus F. Chaplain, William de 
Berton, Clerk, Reginald de Veteri Aula, Dominus Stephan. de Betton, 
Chaplain, and others. The seal is a fesse between three wolves' heads, 
for Lovet a . 

By a deed without date, or seal, John Lovet, Knight, Lord of Elmly, 
released to Walter le Blount, his brother, four shillings rent for a garden 
in Wemesley b . 

John and Walter, sons of Walter le Blount, by a deed executed at 
Worcester, in the sixteenth year of Edward the Second, 1322, granted to 
Isabella le Blount the manor of Timberlake. The witnesses were William 
le Blount, Dominus Thomas le Blount, Knights, Rodulphus le Blount, 
Parson of the church of Hampton Lovet, &c. c 

Timberlake thus transferred from the Lovet family to that of the 
Blounts of Sodington has continued in that family. 

The manor of Elm ley Lovet, in Worcestershire, was the seat and the 

z Appendix, XV. Art. 1. the deed is in page 130. 

1 Harl. MS. No. 6079. page 130. Apdendix, No. XV. Art. 3. and Ashrr.ole's MS?, 
vol 846 fol. 19. 

b Harl. MS. Appendix XV. Art. 7- 
c Ibid. Art. 12. 



property of Henry Lovet, and was assigned to his widow Isabel, as part 
of her dower. In that right she presented to the church there in 1316, 
the ninth of Edward II. After the death of the heiresses, Cecilia and 
Anne, it fell to Beauehamp Earl of Warwick, as right heir to Lord Thony, 
who held it in Domesday. By what means it came into the possession 
of the Lovets does not appear d . 

Broughton Hacket, or Brocton, in Worcestershire, was likewise the 
property of the Lovets. In the twenty-eighth year of Edward the First 
1299) Walter Beauehamp and John Lovet were seised of lands here. 
That part which belonged to the Lovets came to the Blounts, and to 
Lord Montjoy e . 

It does not appear when Sir William le Blount, Isabel's second husband, 
died, as there is no inquisition taken at his death in the records of the 
Tower f . The issue of their marriage was two sons, Peter and Walter. 
By Bigland and some pedigrees Peter is said to have been the youngest ; 
but as he came into possession of some of the family estates before his 
brother Walter, to whom he conveyed them, it seems most probable that he 
was the eldest, according to other accounts. 

Sir Walter le Blount was usually styled of Rock, from his residence at 
that place, which adjoins Mamble and Bayton in Worcestershire, and is 
near Sodington. He married Johanna de Sodington, whose brother, 
William de Sodington, dying without issue in the thirtieth year of Edward 
the First, 1301, his lands were divided between his three sisters: Martha, 
the eldest, who married Reginald le Porter ; Eustachia, the second, the 
wife of William de Doverdale ; and Johanna, the third, who married Sir 
Walter le Blount. By her he acquired the estate at Sodington, which is 
in the parish of Mamble, or Mamele, in the hundred of Dodington, the 
county of Worcester, and the Diocese of Hereford ; and where the family 

d Nash, Worcester, vol. i. p. 377, 331. ' Ibid. i. 17!). 

The best evidence in the descents of families are the inquisitUmes post mortetn, or escuetce, 
escheats, which were taken by the Escheators in each county, upon the death of any of the 
King's tenants, to enquire of what lands he was seised, their value, the tenure, who was 
the heir, and of what age; to ascertain the profits due to the Crown. They were abolished, 
with the feudal tenures, in the reign of Charles II. The records of them remain in the 
Tower, from the early part of Henry III. to the third year of Richard III. and from that 
time to their abolition in the Rolls Chapel. The Calendar of them was published by the 
order of Parliament. I have had recourse to the originals. 


has ever since been seated. The coat of arms of Sodington is, argent, 
three leopards' heads, jessant-de-lis, sable?. 

Of the history of Sir Walter le Blount of Rock no particulars are known. 
A few deeds relating to his property have been preserved in records, or by 
the industry of antiquaries. 

By a feoffment without date, Sir Walter le Blount, with the consent of 
Johanna his wife, gave to William the son of Ralph de Doverdale, and 
Eustachia his wife, all his part in Hanrugge, in the count}' of Gloucester, 
which descended to him by the inheritance of his wife Johanna, after the 
decease of William de Sodington, her brother. The witnesses are, John 
Lovet, Peter le Blount, Richard le Botiler, Richard de Actone, William 
de Porter, Richard de la Lowe, John Allot, with many others 1 '. This 
deed is as follows : 

" Sciant &c. quod ego Walterus le Blount ex assensu et consensu 
" Johannae uxoris mete dedi, concessi, et hac presenti charta mea confir- 
" mavi, Willo, filio Radi de Douerdale, et Eustachiae, uxori suae, totam 
" partem meam de Hanrugg in Com. Gloucestr. quae mihi descendebat 
" ex hereditate predict. Johae uxoris meae post decessum Willmi de Soding- 
" ton fris sui cum oibz, &c. hiis testibus dno. Johne Lovet, inde dno. 
'• Petro le Blount, Rico le Botiler, Rico de Actone, Willo de Porter, 
4i Rico de la Lowe, Johanne Allott. cum multis aliis." 

Big'iand, Nash, &C. 

Harl. MSS. No. 6019, fol. 130. b. See Appendix XV. Article 4. 
c 2 


By another deed, without date likewise, William the son of Ralph de 
Doverdale, with the consent of Eustachia, his wife, gave to Walter 
le Blount, and Johanna, the lands of Bradfeld, in Hounlanynton, in 
Wiltshire, which came to him as the inheritance of Eustachia, in exchange 
for his part of Ilanrugg, the inheritance of Johanna 1 . 

In the nineteenth year of Edward the First, 1290, a messuage at Brude- 
port, in Dorsetshire, was granted by the crown to Sir Walter le Blount 
and his heirs k . 

Upon an assize held at Southampton, in the thirty-first year of Edward 
the First, 1302, it was found that Richard, the son of Reginald le Porter, 
William de Doverdale, and Eustachia his wife, Walter le Blount, and 
Johanna his wife, had been disseised of a tenement in Tadley, which had 
been conveyed to Ralph de Sodington, and had descended from him to his 
brother William, and from him to his three sisters'. 

By the following charter, Peter le Blount granted to his brother Walter, 
the manor of Timberlake in the county of Worcester, which Isabella le 
Blound, his mother, after the death of Henry Lovet, her husband, held in 
dower, and which Peter had by the gift of Cecilia and Alicia Lovet, the 
heirs of Sir John Lovet, son and heir of Henry Lovet, to hold of the 
capital lords of the fee"". 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod Ego, Petrus le Blound, dedi, et con- 
cessi, et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi, Waltero le Blound, fratri meo 
totum manerium meurn de Timberlake, in Comitatu Wigornie, quod 
Isabella le Blound, mater mea, pef mortem Henrici Lovet, mariti sui, 
aliquando tenuit in dotem, et quod habui de dono, et concessione, remis- 
sione, et quieta clamancia Cecilie Lovet, et Alicie Lovet, heredum Domini 
Johannis Lovet, Militis, filii et heredis Henrici Lovet predicti, habendum 
et tenendum predicto Waltero le Blound, heredibus et assignatis suis, 
totum manerium de Timberlake predictum, cum omnibus suis pertinentiis, 
bene pace, et jure hereditario, imperpetuum, de capitalibus dominis 
feodi illius, faciendo eisdem pro predicto manerio cum suis pertinentiis 

1 Dugdale, MSS. vol. xxxix. fol. 47. et sequent. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 11. 
k Rot. Chart, in anno. 
1 Harl. ibid. Art. 8. 

m Harl. MSS. vol. 6071J. fol. 130. Appendix, No. XV. Art. 1. Vincent's Visitation of 
Salop. No. 134, in Col. Arm. and in the Maple-Durham Pedigree. 


servicia inde debita et consueta. Et ego dictus Petrus le Blound, heredes 
mei, et assignati, predicto Waltero, heredibus suis, et assignatis, predictum 
manerium de Timberlake, cum suis pertinentiis, ut predictum est, contra 
omnes homines warrantizabimus, et defendemus imperpetuum. In cujus 
rei testimonium presenti carte sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus 
Dominis Willielmo Corbett, Henrico de Ribbesford, Edmundo de Graf- 
tone, et Roberto Stormy, Militibus, Richardo de Bellocampo, Thoma de 
Solneye, Thoma Conan, Ada de Molendino, Thoma Allayn de Toyth, 
et aliis. 

Peter le Blount, on his seal, bore four coats of arms ; jirst, a fesse 
between six cross-croslets, for Beauchamp, which came to him from his 
mother Isabel. Second///, a fesse, between six wolves' heads, erased, for 
Lovet, on account of his possessing the manor of Timberlake, which 
belonged to that family : for arms were frequently considered as territo- 
rial, and went with estates. Thirdly, the nebuly arms of Blount, arid 
fourthly, a fesse between six martlets, the other arms of Blount; which 
were borne by the descendants of Sir William le Blount, brother to Sir 

All that I have been able to collect farther respecting Peter le Blount 

n The seal is etched from the drawing in the Harl. MS. In the others the arms of 
Lovet have only three wolves' heads, which I believe is the most correct. See book ii. 
ch. 3. 


is, that in the seventh year of Edward the Third, 1315, Peter le Blount, 
and Richard de Cromewell, Chamberlains of the King, levied two fines" 1 . 
And that in the ninth year of the same King, 1315, he was one of the 
executors of the will of Guy Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick". 

Sir Walter le Blount died, according to Bigland, in the ninth or tenth 
years of Edward the Second, 1315, or 1316; but certainly before the 
year 1331, because in deeds of that date, hereafter introduced, his wife 
Johanna is described as the widow of Sir Walter le Blount. There is no 
inquisitio post mortem of Sir Walter le Blount to be found amongst the 
records in the Tower. 

By Johanna de Sodington Sir Walter le Blount of Rock had three sons, 
William, John, and Walter . 

Sir William le Blount, the eldest, married Margaret, the third 
daughter, and one of the heiresses of Theobald de Verdon>'. 

This was a family of great wealth and antiquity, and their ancestor, 
Bertram de Verdon, Lord of Aulton in Staffordshire, came over with 
William the Conqueror. By them were founded the monasteries of Crox- 
den, and Gracedieu, in Staffordshire. Theobald de Verdon was Lord 
Justice and Lieutenant of Ireland, and died in the second year of Edward 
the Third, 1328. Upon the inquisition which was held after his death, in 
the fifth year of Edward the Third, his property was valued at £375. 12*. 
5d. a year''. By his first wife, Maud, the daughter of Edmund, Lord 
Mortimore of Wigmore, he left three daughters ; Johanna Dynicia, or 
Eynicia, the eldest, who in the partition of his property succeeded to the 
castle, and manor of Alveston in Staffordshire, and married Thomas de 
Fournival, son of Lord Fournival, and died in the fourteenth year of 
Edward the Third, 1340. Elizabeth, the second, had the castle of Gvvyas- 
Lacy, in Herefordshire, and Stoke upon Terne in Shropshire, married 
Bartholomew de Burghershe, and died in the thirty-fourth of Edward the 
Third, 1360, leaving an only daughter of her own name, married to 
Edward le Dispenser. The third daughter, Margaret, was born in 1310, 

m Petrus le Blund, et Richardus de Cromewell, Camerarii Domini Regis, coram Domino 
Rege venerunt, et proferunt manibus suis propriis, duos pedes finium. Placit. in Dom. Cap. 
West, in anno. 

■ Rot. Orig in Cur. Scacc. - Bigland's two Genealogies, &c. >' See Genealogy, No. 6. 
i R. Dods. MSS. vol. lx. f 6". 

No. 6. 


Bertram de Verdon, 
Lord of Aulton, Com. Staff, came over with William Conq. 

Norman de Verdon. = Lasceline, da. of Geoffrey de Clinton, 
of Kenihvorth Castle. 

Nicholas de Verdon. = 

Roesid, = Theobald de Boteler. 
d. 1248. J 

John de Verdon, 

who took his mother': 

name; died 1274. 


William Pantulf. 

Theobald de Verdon, = 
Constable of Ireland, 

; Margaret de Lacy, 
heiress of the Castle of Webley, 
in Herefordshire, and Gwyas- 
Lacy, in Wales. 

= Elizabeth de Burgh, 
d. 1360. 34 Edw. III. 

Maud, daughter of Edmund = 
Lord Mortimer, of Wigmore, 
married 4 cal. Aug. 1302, 
died 1297. First Wife. 

= Theobald de Verdon, = 
Lord Justice of Ireland, in 
Edw. II. died 2 Edw. III. 
1328. Escheat in 5 Edw. 

= Elizabeth, da. of Gilbert de Clare. 
E. of Gloucester; widow of Richard 
de Burgh, E. of Ulster; married 1 3 15. 
died 1306. Second Wife. 

Johanna Dynicia, 
or Eynicia, married 
Thos. de Fournival, 
son of Lord Four- 
nival. She had the 
Castle and Manor of 
Alveston in Stafford- 
shire; died 1340. 

Margaret, = Bartholomew = Elizabeth, 

first wife, 
d. 17R.II. 

de Burghershe. 

2d wife, had 
Gwas Lacy ; 
died 1360. 

John Pickard, Elizabeth. = Edward le 
son and heir of Dispenser, 

Margaret. d. 49 Ed. III. 

Agnes, = Walter Devereux, 

d. 1435. 

Executor of the Earl 
of Essex, died seized 
of Webley, 1402. 


had Webley, &c. 


l.Sir W. le Blount 

who died 1337- 

2. Mark Husee. 

3. Sir John Crophull, 

who died 13S3, 
seized of Webley. 
Her descendants 
by Crophull, 

Thomas, or John Crophull 
died in his father's life. 

Isabel Posthumous, 
born 1316, married 

1. H. de Ferrariis. 

2. Sir Simon Haw- 

Walter Devereux. =s Elizabeth. 

Walter Devereux. = Anne, daughter and heir 
of William de Ferrars, 
of Chartley. 


and inherited the castle and manor of Weobley, in Herefordshire, and 
Hethe, in Oxfordshire, and married Sir William le Blount, who hail 
livery of her estates in 1328. The fourth daughter, Isabel, was posthumous, 
born in 1316, and was by his second wife Elizabeth, daughter of Gilbert 
de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, and widow of Richard de Burgh, Earl of 
Ulster. She married, first, Henry de Ferrariis of Groby ; secondly, Sir 
Simon Hawberk ; and had Lutterworth, and other lands'". The arms of 
de Verdon were, or, a fret, gules'. 

There is a deed dated at Schulton, on the sixth of April, in the fifth year 
of Edward the Third, 1331, by which Johanna, formerly wife of Walter 
le Blount, grants to her son William le Blount all her lands, with the 
villains, and their appurtenances, in Sodniton, and Momele, and le Orchard 
in the manor of Abbodelegh. If William should die without heirs, to 
revert to her, and her heirs. The witnesses are Nicholas Charneles, 
William Motton, Radulph Mallore, Hugh Turville, and others. The seal 
is the three leopards' heads of Sodington '. 

This is followed by another subsequent deed, dated at the same place, 
on the Sunday before the feast of Saint Bamaby, in the same year, by 
which William de Blount grants to Johanna, his mother, the manor of 
Sodington, with the appurtenances, and one messuage, and a carucate of 
land, at a place called le Orchard, which he had of the gift and feoffment 
of the said Johanna". It is as follows. 

Ista presens indentura testatur, quod Dominus Willelmus de Blount 
tradidit, concessit, &c. Johannae, quondam uxori Walteri de Blount, 
matri suae, manerium de Sodinton, cum omnibus suis pertinentiis, in 
comitatu Worcester, in hundred, de Dodnigtre scilicet, et unum messua- 
gium, cum una carrucata terrae, apud quendam locum qui vocatur le 
Orchard, cum omnibus suis pertinentiis, que quidem tenementa idem 
Dominus Willelmus predictus habuit ex dono et feoffamento predict* 
Johannae, matris suae, habendum &c. hiis testibus, Domino Henrico de 
Ribbesford, et Roberto de Stormy, militibus, Johanne de la More, Waltero 
de Shakenhurst, Richardo de Porter, et aliis. Data apud Schelton, die 

r R. Dods. vol. lx. f. 6. vol. ii. f. 87. vol. lxxxiii. f. 28. vol. cxxx. f. 90. vol. cxxxii. f. 101. 
See a fuller account of this family in Nichols. Leicestershire, vol. iii. p. 640. * Bigland. 
1 Harl. MSS. G079. Appendix, No. XV. Art. 5. u Ibid. Art. 10. 


dominico proximo ante festum Sancti Barnabae Apostoli, anno regni Regis 
Edwardi tertii a conquesto quinto. 

: J03, 

We have before seen, that Sir Walter le Blount of Rock sealed with 
the nebuly arms, that his brother Peter le Blount used both the nebuly, 
and the martlet arms, and here Sir William le Blount, the eldest son of 
Sir Walter le Blount of Rock, has the martlet arms only. The nebuly 
and martlet arms were therefore borne promiscuously. 

Another deed, of the same day with the last, written in French, recites 
that deed, stating that the grant was for the life of Johanna, and further 
gives her all the goods and moveable chattels upon the said lands. Sealed 
with the same seal\ 

In the sixth year of Edward the Third, 1332, Margaret joined with her 
husband in conveying her estates to a trustee for the use of her husband's 
heirs. As they were held of the king in capiie, a fine of ten pounds was 
paid for his licence, and Nicholas de Coleshall, Chaplain, was enfeoffed of 
the castle and manor of Webbeley, in Herefordshire, the manor of Balter- 
derley, in Staffordshire, and six marks, five shillings and seven pence, of 
rent, in Bydulf, Rammesore, and Fenton-Culvers, in the same county?. 

In the ninth year of Edward the Third, 1335, he had a command in the 
wars in Scotland 2 . 

x Harl. ibid. Art. 9. 

y Escaet. 6 Edw. III. Sodington Deeds from Harl. No. 6079. Appendix, No. XV. Art. 
6. Ex origin, de An. 6 Ed. III. Anecd. Coll. Arm. 
z Dugd. Baron. 


He died in the eleventh year of Edward the Third, 1337, and, on the 
inquisition, his property is stated to have been the castle of Webbeley in 
Herefordshire, Balterderley, and rents in Fenton, Romesore, and Bidulfe, 
in Staffordshire. His estates at Sodington, Timberlake, and some others, 
do not appear upon this inquisition, having been held not of the King, 
but of the Earl of Warwick. He had an only daughter, named Alice, who 
died before him without issue, and Sir John Blount, his brother, was his 
heir, and was of thirty years of age \ 

After the death of her husband, Margaret married, first, Mark Husee, 
and afterwards Sir John Crophull, of Sutton Borington, in Nottingham- 
shire, who died in 1383, and by whom she had issue b . Notwithstanding the 
feoffment to Nicholas de Coleshull, as her two first husbands died without 
heirs of their bodies, the manor and castle of Webbeley went with her to 
her third husband, and, with her grand-daughter Agnes, was transferred to 
the Devereux family. And by a deed dated at Leicester, in the twenty- 
second year of Edward the Third, 134S, John le Blount, of Sodington, 
released to Margaret, the wife of Sir John Crophull, Knight, late wife of 
Sir William le Blount, and her heirs, all right and claim in the manor and 
castle of Webley c . The manor of Balterderley, and the rents at Fenton, 
Bydulf, and Romesore, went to Sir John Blount, as they appear after- 
wards amongst his property. 

The third son of Sir Walter Blount of Rock, named likewise Walter, 
had a wife named Maud, who survived her husband, and they died without 
issue 11 . 

Sir John Blount, the second son, succeeded as heir to his brother 
Sir William in 1337 e . 

He was servant to the Earl of Lancaster, who gave him the manor of 
Passenham in Northamptonshire for life, with remainder to Earl Henry 
and his heirs. In the second year of Edward the Third, 1328, Henry 
Spigurnell held five messuages, six virgates of arable land, and two acres 
of meadow, of John de Blount, Lord of Passenham f . The Earl granted 
him likewise lands in Holland, and Duffield, in the county of Derby, in 
the fifth year of Edward the Third, 1331 s , and an estate at Tiberton in 

" Rot. Escaet. in anno. k Dugdale, Warwickshire, fol. 29. b. and R. Dods. ibid. 

c Lansdown MSS. vol. 259. fol. 6.6. d Bigland, and Harl. vol. 6079. Appendix, No. XV. 
• Escaet. f Escaet. Placit. Coron. Bridge's Northamptonshire, vol. i. p. 285, 305. e Vin- 
cent's Visitation of Salop. In Col. Arm. No. 134. page 94. 


Gloucestershire 11 . In the pleas in the King's Bench of the fifth year of 
Edward the Third, 1331, it appears that John de Widevill, and Henry 
son of Robert de Keresbroke, demanded of John, the son of Walter le 
Blount, the manor of Passengham, in Northamptonshire, as their right and 
inheritance, as the sons and heirs of Alicia and Margaret, the sisters and 
heirs of Henry de Passingham. To which John le Blount pleaded, that 
he held it for his life by the demise of Henry Earl of Lancaster. And 
judgment was given in favour of John le Blount, and the Earl'. 

Sir John Blount married two wives. The first was Isolda, the daughter 
and heir of Sir Thomas de Mountjoy, the son and heir of Sir Ralph de 
Mountjoy, to whose property he succeeded. Since the Blounts acquired 
very considerable estates by this marriage, and, when a branch of them 
was advanced to a peerage in the reign of Edward the Fourth, assumed 
the title of Mountjoy, in compliment to this family, it will be proper to 
give some account of it k . The coat of Mountjoy was, gules, three 
escutcheons, or 1 . 

The earliest document which I have found relating to the Mountjoy 
family is a deed, without date, in which Sewall, the son of Fulcher, con- 
firms to William de Monjoy all his father's lands in Gildesley, Mornshall, 
and the half of Brichtritfeild, to hold of himself, and his heirs, by the 
service of one knight's fee, as freely as his father held them in the time of 
Eadulphus, son of Ethelbert, the grandfather of Sewall™. 

In the pleas of the King's Bench, in the thirteenth year of John, 1211, 
for Derby and Nottinghamshire, Philip de Ulcote, and Johanna his wife, 
demanded of Ralph de Montjoy, and Amicitia, his mother, the third part 
of the land which they held, and which belonged to Sewald de Monjoy, 
formerly her husband, in Gildisley, and Windsore, as her dower". 

Upon an inquisition taken at Derby, in the fourth year of Edward the 
First, 1275, Ralph de Monjoy was fined two marks and an half for re- 
fusing to be knighted . 

In the sixth of Edward the Second, 1312, Henry, son of Egidius de 
Meignell, granted to Ralph, the son of Ralph de Monjoy, certain lands in 
Tottingley p. 

h Inq. post mortem. ' R. Dods. vol. 130. f. 131. See Additions. k Bigland, 

Geneal. No. 7. 1 Bigland. - Ashmole MSS. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 15. 

" Ibid. Art 14. ° Ibid. Art. 13. p Ibid. Art. 12. 

No. 7. 


William de Montjoy. = Amicitia. 

Margaret. = Sir Ralph de Montjoy. 

Sewald = 
de Montjoy, 
first husband, 

= Philip 
de Ulcote. 
'2d husband. 

Ralph de 

Sir Thomas de Montjoy. 

Milo de 


le Blount, 


Elizabeth, =: Sir John Blount, 

first wife. 

of Sodington, 

son of Sir Walter Blount, 

of Rock, by Joanna de 


= Isolda 

second wife, 

(according to Had. MSS. No. 6079-) 

Alice, married 

1. Stafford. 

2. Sir R. Sturv. 


1.49 Ed. III. 
1375. S.P. 

I 2 


1. Foulhurst. 

2. Cornwall. 
He transferred the 
Montjoy property 
to his brother 
Walter, in 1374. 




'I horn a 

married Sancha. 


A quo Dominus 

Montjoy, ( Ha rl.) 

living in 5 Rich. 

II. 1381. 


The seventeenth of Edward the Second, 1323, Ralph de Monjoy granted 
to Henry de Kniveton, and Agnes Gilveyne, certain rents in Gay ton *>. 

In the same year, William, the son of Henry de Kniveton, granted to 
Ralph de Monjoy, and Margaret his wife, the fourth part of the manor of 
Gayton r . And a fine was levied, of lands in Gayton, between Ralph de 
Monjoy, and Margaret his wife, and Nicholas de Denston, the lands to 
remain with Ralph s . 

A deed, in the fourth year of Edward the Third, 1330, between John 
de Kniveton, Lord of Bradeley, of one part, and Richard Blount, and 
Ralph Bakpus, of the other, witnesses, that whereas Ralph Monjoy had 
lately granted to Sir William Kniveton, the grandfather of John, a certain 
rent of eleven marks, twelve shillings and eight pence, issuing out of Gay- 
ton, it was agreed that if Richard Blount and Ralph Bakpus would pay 
one hundred shillings yearly, they should be exonerated of the rent 1 . 

21 Edward III. 1347, Thomas Barinton, knight, and Margaret his wife, 
appoint Henry de la Bene of Frowdeswall, their attorney, to deliver to 
Thomas de Monrjoy all their lands in Brichinfeyld, Mournsale, Longesden, 
and Tottinley, in the Peke, and in Shawesdale, in Derbyshire". 

In the thirtieth of Edward the Third, 1356, Agnes Giloeyne released to 
Ralph Monjoy all her right in Gayton *. 

Milo, son of Ralph Monjoy, gave to Ralph Monjoy, his brother, his 
lands in Brichtritfield. This deed has no date, and is sealed with two 
squares interwoven ?. 

However dry these recitals of ancient deeds may prove to the reader, 
they are not altogether without their use. Where no other memorials of 
our ancestors have been preserved, it is something to collect a few parti- 
culars relating to their property. It settles, at least, the time of their 
existence ; and, in this instance, it will appear hereafter, that it will have 
been material to ascertain what were the estates which Isolda brought into 
the family, and which all appear here as having belonged to her ancestors. 

In what year this marriage took place is not known, but certainly in or 
before the year 1347. 

Tn the twentieth year of Edward the Third, 1346, Sir John Blount was 
assessed three shillings and fourpence for the twelfth part of a knight's fee 

1 Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 17. r Ibid. Art. 18. ■ Ibid. Art. 32. l Ibid. Art. 29. 
" Ibid. Art. 20. x Ibid. Art. 19. r Ibid. Art. 16. 

D 2 


in Barford, (perhaps Befford,) in Leicestershire, towards the aid for 
kni°-htin°- Edward of Woodstock, the King's eldest son z . 

There is an indenture dated at Winlegh, the 16th of May, 1347, by 
which Roo-er de Tissington grants to John le Blount, and Isolda his wife, 
ten acres of meadow in a place called Alderscroft a . 

In the twenty-third year of Edward the Third, 1349, John de Blount of 
Sodington gave to Thomas de la Putt, Vicar of the church of Dome- 
brugge, and Ralph de Barton, Chaplain, all his lands, goods, and chattels. 
The deed is dated at Holland. The next year, by a deed dated at Hazle- 
wood, the Wednesday after the Feast of St. Gregory, John Blount, and 
Isolda his wife, assigned Roger de Baledon, Chaplain, to receive seisin of 
all the lands which they had of the gift of Thomas de la Putt, and Ralph 
de Barton \ 

By another deed, dated at Uttoxhether, in the thirtieth year of Edward 
the Third, 1356, John de Blount de Sodynton granted to Thomas, Vicar 
of the church of Donnebrugge, and Rauf de Barton, Chaplayn, the manor 
of Sodington, and the reversion of the lands which Dame Johanna de 
Carru (quere if not Johanna le Blount his mother) held in dower in the 
same manor ; the manor of Timberlake, and le Orchard, in Worcestershire, 
and 24 souls of rent in Bradefield in Wiltshire, and the manors of Uttox- 
hether, and Haselwood ; all his lands in Wynley, Nidham, Hordlowe, 
Holand, Scropton, Tuttebury, and Orrchynton, Ayonby, Nedwode, and 
all his lands in Leicester and Defferd ; to hold to them their heirs and 
assigns for ever. Pendant is the seal of John Blount, with the three 
leopards' heads jessant-de-lis, the arms of Sodington c . 

It seems to have been an usual practice to convey away estates, in ap- 
pearance absolutely, but in reality under secret trusts, to avoid the feodal 
burthens upon descents. Hence we see that frequently very few estates 
are found upon the inquisitions post mortem. This practice will explain 
many of the deeds relating to this family. 

By his first wife Sir John Blount had two sons, Sir Richard and Sir 

Rot. Aux. 20 Edward III. Nichols' Leicestershire, vol. iv. p. 5S6. 

Harl. MSS. Appendix, No. XV. Art. 11. 

Harl. Ibid. Art. 15. 14. 

Dugdale. MSS. vol. xxxix. fol. 47- Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 8. 


John. From this marriage and inheritance the Sodington family, the 
descendants of Sir John and Isolda, have always quartered the arms of 
Mountjoy, gules, three escutcheons, or. 

His second wife was Eleanor, whose maiden name was Beauchamp, but 
who was then the widow of Sir John Meriet. She was the second 
daughter of John Beauchamp of Hache in Somersetshire, who died in 
1343 a . His son John Beauchamp, who married Alice, daughter of 
Thomas Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, died the 7th of October in the 
thirty-fifth year of Edward the Third, 1361, without issue b . His heirs 
were two, Jirst, his sister Cecily de Beauchamp, then forty years of age, 
and who married first Sir Roger Seymour, and afterwards Richard Tuber- 
ville of Bere Regis in Dorsetshire : and secondly, John Meriet, the son Of 
Eleanor his other sister, who was then fifteen years of age. The partition 
of the property was made the year after his death . And thus ended the 
eldest male line of the Beauchamps of Hache. In the division of the 
estates, the manor of Hache, with other manors, was transferred with 
Cecily to Sir Roger Seymour, in whose family it long continued, and who 
was the ancestor of the Dukes of Somerset. Eleanor, who first married 
Sir John Meriet of Meriet in Somersetshire, son and heir of Sir Simon de 
Meriet, had by him this son Sir John Meriet, who succeeded to her pro- 
perty, as well as his father's, and died in the third year of Richard the 
Second, 1380, leaving an only daughter Elizabeth, married to a Seymour" 1 . 
After the death of Sir John Meriet, Eleanor became the second wife of Sir 
John Blount, by whom he had two sons, Sir Walter Blount who married 
Sancha de Ayala, and was the ancestor of the Lords Mountjoy, and the 
family at Maple-Durham, and who will be the subjects of the third and 
fourth chapters ; and Thomas, who died without issue e . 

The dates of these events, which are correctly known from the records, 

* Illuminated Pedigree. 

b Escaet. 35 Edw. III. vol. ii. p. 229. 

c Rot. Fin. 36 Edw. III. m. 27. 42 Ed. III. m. 12. See Genealogy, No. 5. 

4 Harl. MSS. No. 1052. fol. 114. No. 115(5. Camden's Britannia, Monmouthshire and 
Somersetshire Dugdale's Baronage, vol. i. p. 252. and from him, Collins's Peerage, Sey- 
mour, Duke of Somerset, vol. i. p. 163. Collinson's Somersetshire in Hatch, vol. ii. p. 170. 

c The Illuminated Pedigree, and see Book II. Chapter 3. 


perfectly agree with the fact, that this Eleanor Beauchamp was the wife of 
Sir John Blount, and not the wife of Sir Walter Blount of Rock, who died 
in 1322, as is stated by Bigland in his two pedigrees. As John Meriet, 
Eleanor's son, was fifteen years of age at the death of her brother John 
de Beauchamp in 1361, he was born in 1346, when her first husband Sir 
John Meriet may be supposed to be living. Isolda, Sir John Blount's 
first wife, died the year after in 1347- After that event, as soon as Eleanor's 
first husband Sir John Meriet was dead, of which the time does not ap- 
pear, as there is no inquisition upon his death, Sir John Blount might have 
married her. And between the death of his first wife in 1347, and his 
own death in 1358, there was a period of eleven years, which was amply 
sufficient for the events of the death of Sir John Meriet, Sir John Blount's 
marriage with his widow, and the birth of his two children. 

Eleanor's second husband Sir John Blount is not mentioned by Dug- 
dale, because his account of her is taken from the inquisitions relating to 
her property, which came from her brother, and went to her son John 
Meriet, and therefore Sir John Blount did not appear in them. All the 
subsequent accounts are echoes of Dugdale. The Blount family therefore 
did not inherit any of the Beauchamp property, but all of that family who 
were descended from Eleanor have always quartered the Beauchamp arms, 
vairy, argent, and azure, as the Mountjoy, and Maple-Durham branches. 

Before his death, Sir John executed a deed for the settlement of some of 
his estates on his sons, by which he granted to John de Doverdale and 
Maud his sister all the lands which he had of the gift and feoffment of the 
said John de Doverdale and Maud in Sodington and Mamie, and the 
reversion of the lands which Johanna (his mother) held in dower, to hold 
to John de Doverdale and Maud for their lives, and then to Richard his 
eldest son in tail ; then to John, then to Walter, then to Thomas, then to 
the right heirs of John de Blount. Dated at Sodington the Friday before 

the Octave of the Purification, in the vear of Edward the 

Third f . 

f Harl. MSS. Appendix, No. XV. Art. 17- The date is not clear. It seems to be the 
33d of Edw. III. but this cannot be, as John died in the 31st year, as appears by the 
Inquisition on his death. 

No. 5. 


Robert Beauchamp, of Somersetshire, of Hache, 

sheriff of Somersetshire; died 1211. 

Descended from the same family as the Earls of Warwick. 

Robert Beauchamp. 2 John, 1200. 

Robert Beauchamp. 20, 25 Hen. III. 1235, 1240. 

Robert Beauchamp, = 
held the manors of Stokes, 
Morton, and Shipton, Glou- 
cestershire, died Hen. III. 

John Beauchamp, 

Baron of Hatch, 

12, 29 Edw. I. 

1281, 1301. 

John Beauchamp, = 
of Hache, and Beirton, 
in Cornwall, died 1335, 
9 Edw. III. 

Alicia, da. to the Lord Raynold 
de Mohun. 

= Cecilia, da. of William de Fortibus, 
descended from the Earls Ferrars, and 
William Earl of Pembroke, Marshal 
of England, 14 Edw. II. 1321. 

Johanna, or Honora, dau^h. of Sir 

Oliver Keynes, died 3 Edw. III. 

Azure, a bend wavy, cotized plain, 


John Beauchamp, = Margaret, Geoffrey de Beauchamp, = Elizabeth Tregoze 

of Hache, eldest son, 
d. 17Edw.III.1343 

d. 9 No 
1361. 35 
Edw. III. 

second son. 

Or, two bars gemalls. 
In chief a lion pas- 
sant, guardant, all 

John de Beauchamp, 
of Hache, married 
Alice, da of Thomas 
de Beauchamp, Earl 
of Warwick, widow 
of Sir Matthew Bur- 
ney, died 35 Edw. 
III. 1361, without 

Cicely Beauchamp, 
born in 1321, eldest 
daugh. coheir with 
John Meriet, mar d . 
1. Sir Roger Sey- 
mour : 2. Richard 

Sir John Meriet, 
first husband, 
dead in 1361. 

Eleanor Beauchamp, 
second wife, 
dead in 1361. 

Sir John Blount, = Isolda 

died in 135S, 
32 Edw. III. 

John Meriet, 
born in 1316, died in 
1380, coheir with Ci- 
cely Beauchamp, and 
heir to his father and 
mother. I 


3. Sir Walter Blount, 

married Sancha. 
4 Thomas Blount, 
S. P. 


first wife, 

died in 



1. Richard Blount, 


2. Sir John Blount, 
of Sodington. 

Elizabeth Meriet. 



He died in the thirty-second year of Edward the Third, 1358. The 
inquisition taken at his death states his property to have been the manors of 
Rodeley and Tiberton in Gloucestershire ; in Staffordshire, in Baltederley, 
two bovates of land ; in Fenton, 41s. Id. of rent ; in Bydulf, 13s. 4?d. ; 
in Roinesore, 19^. 2d. ; in Denston, one messuage, and one carucate of 
land. Tiberton is stated to have been by the grant of Henry, late Earl of 
Lancaster. Richard was his son and heir, and of thirteen years of 

About this time the family began to drop the Norman article le, and to 
call itself Blount only. With respect to the true name of this family, there 
can be no doubt of its derivation from the light hair, or fair complexion, 
of their Danish ancestors. The Latin blundus was variously corrupted in 
the different provinces of the Roman empire. In Italy and Spain, it 
became blondo, or Hondo. In the French, or Norman, dialects, usually 
called Romance, it was changed into blond, with many variations as to 
the mode of spelling ; and the words bland and blond are still in use both 
in French and English. According to the practice of the middle ages, 
when literature was low, and orthography fluctuating, the name was 
written differently even by the same individuals, by persons nearly related, 
and in authentic documents of the same period. We find all these forms, 
le Blond, le Blont, le Blund, le Blunt, le Blount, les Blountz, and 
de Blount. In Latin it was usually Blundus, and sometimes, as by Cam- 
den' 1 , it was translated into more classical language, in Fiavus. It seems 
finally to have settled in le Blount, and, the French article having gradually 
been dropped, in plain Blount. This change began to take place about the 
period at which we are now arrived. It may be traced in some ancient 
deeds of the Sodington family which have been preserved'. William, the 
eldest son of Sir Walter le Blount of Rock, in some of these deeds is styled 
Sir William le Blount, in another Sir William Blount onlv. So the second 

* Escaet. in anno. 

b Eritannia in Pencridge. 

1 Harleian Manuscripts, British Museum, No. 6079, page 130. This Manuscript is 
signed by Hen. Lilly, Rouge Rose Herald, and appears to have been written by him. 
See Appendix, Xo. XV. 


son of Sir Walter, in different deeds, is called John le Blunt, John de 
Blunt, and John Blunt. After this time the article was dropped, for in 
deeds of the reign of Richard the Second we find John Blunt only, and so 
in the following reigns of the Henries, fourth, fifth, and sixth, of Edward 
the fourth, of Henries the seventh and eighth. The same omission of the 
article is to be observed equally early in the Mountjoy, and other branches. 
It was retained longest by the descendants of Sir Thomas le Blount, who 
afterwards changed their name to Croke, and who wrote themselves Croke, 
alias le Blount, till they entirely dropped the latter name, in the sixteenth 

Sir John Blount's four sons, Richard, John, Walter, and Thomas, were 
minors at the death of their father, and they were under the guardianship 
of Nicholas Fitzherbert. 

By a deed of the thirty-second of Edward the Third, 1358, the trustees 
in the deed executed by Sir John Blount, Thomas de la Putt, and Ralph 
de Barton, released to Richard, the son of John de Blount, all right in the 
manors of Sodington and Timberlake. Dated at Dannebrugg. The wit- 
nesses are Hughe de Maygnel, Walter Montgomery, Monsieur Nicol de 
Longford, Thomas Bakpus, Richard de Freton, Rafe de Makelly, and 
others. There are two seals ; the first has a woman with a coronet, resting 
her right hand on a wheel, the second a coat of arms with a bend k . 

In the next year is a receipt for charters belonging to the manor of 
Timberlake, &c- received from Nicholas Fitzherbert, and belonging to 
Richard the son of John de Blount 1 . 

The eldest son Richard died without issue in 1358, the thirty-second of 
Edward III. and was succeeded by his brother, afterwards Sir John 

To proceed with Sir John Blount. There is a writing, in which 
Eleanor of Lancaster, Countess of Arundel and Surrey, acknowledges to 
have received of Nicholas Fitzherbert, guardian of the lands of her dear 
cousin Janckin (John) Blount, eleven marks sterling, of the issues of 

' Harl. Appendix, No. XV. Art. 19. and Anecd. Coll. Arm. 
1 Harl. Ibid. Art. 18. 


the said lands. Given at the Castle of Reigate, the loth of February, in 
the thirty-eighth year of Edward the Third, 1364. The seal is quarterly, 
the first and fourth quarters, a lion rampant, the second and third, 

By a deed dated at Tuttesburie, on the Feast of Saint John, in the 
forty-eighth year of Edward the Third, 1374, John Blount, the son of 
John Blount of Sodington, released to Sir Walter Blount, his brother, all 
his right in all the lands which he had by the gift and feoffment of Dom 
Henry de Kniveton, Rector of the church of Northbury, and Dom Robert 
de Kniveton, Rector of the church of Donnebrugge, in Gayton, Gildesley, 
Brichtrichfield, Morneshall, Longesden, and Tottingley 2 . 

An indenture of the forty-ninth of Edward the Third, 137-5, is a lease 
of lands in Winly, from John Blount of Sodington, to John Prince of 
Winly, which descended to him after the death of his brother Richard*. 

In the fifth year of Richard the Second, 1381, Sir Walter Blount re- 
leased to his brother, John Blount of Sodington, all his right in lands in 
Denston, Quexhull, Ethalaston, (Elwaston,) and Watfall. Given at 
Denston, on Friday, the Vigil of St. Bartholomew 6 . 

Sir John Blount was twice married. His first wife was Juliana Foul- 
hurst, by whom he had two sons, John and William. John died before 
him, and with his son John, who succeeded to the Sodington property, 
will be treated of afterwards ; William died without issue, the fourth year 
of Henry the Fifth, 1416°. The arms of Fouleshurst were, gules, fretty, 
or. On a chief, argent, three mullets, sable d . 

His second wife was Isabella, the daughter, and heir, of Sir Brian 
Cornwall of Kinlet in Shropshire, by whom he acquired the seat and 
estate there e . 

The marriage settlement is dated at Shrewsbury, on the Saturday before 
the Feast of Saint George, in the sixth year of Richard the Second, 1382. 

y Harl. MSS. Appendix XV. Art. 1 6. Richard , Earl of Arundel, married first Isabel, the 
daughter of Hugh le Despenser, but was divorced from her, and married Eleanor, the 
daughter of Henry Earl of Lancaster, in 1353, the twenty-ninth of Edward the Third. 
He died in 1375, the forty-ninth of Edward the Third, and his wife died before him. 
Memoirs of the Warren Family, by Watson. 

' Harl. Ibid. Art. 2. » Harl. Ibid. Art. 22. b Harl. Ibid. Art. 20. 

c Bigland. Genealogy. J Bigland. e Bigland. 

T 2 


It states, that Sir John Blount of Sodington was bound in a statute 
merchant, in the sum of two hundred marks, to Sir Brian Cornwall, upon 
condition of being void if Sir John should use his endeavours to obtain 
from the King his licence to settle his lands in Ratterley, Fenton, Kilward, 
Bydulfe, and Ramesore, in the county of Stafford, which were held of the 
King in capite, and should enfeoft thereof Isabella, the daughter of the 
said Brian, and the wife of John, and their heirs, and likewise of all his 
lands in Denston, Glaston, Wyshall, and Waterfall, in the said county f . 

The arms of Cornwall were, ermine, within a bordure, sable, charged 
with twelve bezants, a lion rampant, gules, crowned with a ducal coronet, 
or. By his second wife he had one son, named John likewise. 

There is a deed of the eighth year of Richard the Second, 1384, by 
which John Blount of Sodington releases to John de Kniveton of Bradley 
all his right in lands in Morneshall, and in Money Meadow, in the fee of 
Underwood, which Walter Blount, and John Fawconer, knights, held in 
common. The deed is sealed with the arms of Sodington, three leopards' 
heads jessant-de-lis?. 

Upon this deed Ashmole, or whoever copied it, observes, " This deed 
" proveth directly that Blount of Sodington is descended from Montjoy, 
" by reason the lands mentioned be the Lord Montjoy's land." By 
" the Lord Montjoy" must be understood Sir Ralph Montjoy, who was 
sometimes so called. The barony of Montjoy was not created till the fifth 
of Edward the Fourth, 1464, near eighty years after the date of this 

Sir John Blount died in the third year of Henry the Sixth, 1424. Isa- 
bella died before him. Two inquisitions were held upon his death, the 
one in Worcestershire, the other in Staffordshire, which related to the two 
separate classes of property which he had acquired by his two wives, and 
for which different persons were found to be his heirs. 

Upon the inquisition in Worcestershire, it was found that he was seized 
of the manors of Sodington, Mamele, and Timberlake, and a messuage 
called le Orchard, in Wordesley, in the parish of Rok, &c, a messuage in 
Shawley, lands in London, in Rock, and Hockton, and in Doverdale. 

' Harl. MSS. Appendix, No. XV. Article 13. * Ashmole, MSS. Appendix, 

No. XVIII. Art. 22. 


That by his charter dated at Sodington, the 23d of January, the fourth of 
Henry the Fifth, (1416,) he gave the said manors to William Blount his 
son, Henry Lyggon, Robert Harker, and William Walkesback, by virtue 
of which the said William, &c, were seized in the life time of John Blount, 
and were then seized. That Sodington and Mamele were worth ten 
pounds, and that they and Timberlake were held of Richard Earl of War- 
wick ; that his heir was John Blount, son of John Blount, son of the 
said John Blount, and that he was of fourteen years of age. This was 
his grandson by his first wife Juliana Foulhurst, and of course his own 
right heir b . 117SG 

Upon the Staffordshire inquisition it was found that Thomas Farnot, 
late Parson of the church of Newton, and William Drelyn, Clerk, were 
lately seized of a messuage &c, in Balterderley, Fenton, Culward, Remson 
(Ramesore) and Bysof, (Bydulph,) which they held of the king in capite, 
by the service of the tenth part of a knight's fee, and that they afterwards 
granted the said messuage &c, to John Blount, and Isabel his wife, and 
their heirs, whereof the said John and Isabel were seized, and that the 
said John held nothing else of the king on the day of his death. That 
the said Thomas Farnot and William Drelyn were seized of nine mes- 
suages, one hundred and twenty acres of land, &c, in Denston, Water- 
shall, and Glaston, and granted the same to the said John Blount, and 
Isabella, and their heirs, of which they were seized, and which John 
Blount held at his death of the Abbot of Rowcester, (Leicester ?) That 
John and Isabel had a son named John, now living, of thirty years of 
age, or more. That Isabel died, and afterwards the said John the father ; 
and that the said John, the son of John and Isabel, was their heir 1 . 

This John, his son by his second wife, Isabella Cornwall, succeeded to 
the property of his mother, and the estates settled upon her. Thus he 
became the ancestor of the Blounts of Kinlet, and Eye or Yeo, who will 
form the subject of the second chapter. 

To proceed with the Blounts of Sodington. John Blount, the 
eldest son of Sir John Blount and Juliana Foulhurst, married Isabel, the 
daughter of Dame Joanna Fouleshurst, as appears by the settlement made 

b Inq. post mortem. Harl. MSS. Appendix, No. XV. Art. 28. 

■ Harl. ibid. Art. 27. In Vincent's Visitation of Salop, p. 94, it is said that he had a 
third wife named Helen. 


in the tenth of Henry the Fourth, 1408. This was an indenture made 
between Sir John Blount the elder, and Dame Johanna Fouleshurst, by 
which it was agreed that John Blount, the eldest son and heir of Sir John, 
shall marry Isabel, the daughter of the said Dame ; that the said Dame 
shall pay twenty marks at the time of the marriage, and forty pounds, and 
Sir John shall enfeoft his son and Isabella with his manor of Uttekeshather, 
or Uteskefather, called Blount's Place, with other lands, except the parke, 
&c, called Blount's Parke k . He died before his father 1 . 

Of their five children, of Edmund, William, and one John, nothing is 
known ; Isabel married a Mr. Scriven. 

Their sonand heir, John Blount, Esquire, married Catherine, youngest 
daughter and co-heir of Thomas Corbet, Esquire, of Stanford in Shropshire. 
The settlement is dated on the Wednesday after Saint Barnaby's day, in 
the twenty-sixth year of Henry the Sixth, 1447, between Thomas Corbet 
and John Blount of Sodington, in which John Blount agrees to wed 
Catherine, youngest daughter of Thomas, and that the enfeoffors of the 
said John of the manor of Timberlake, &c, shall enfeoft them to the said 
John and Catherine, to be of the yearly value of ten pounds, that the said 
Thomas, and Joan his wife, shall settle lands in Tattesale, Martroke, and 
Godewad in Shropshire to their own use for life, with remainder to John 
and Catherine m . Corbet bore, quarterly, the first and fourth, or, a raven, 
proper. Second, or, a carbunde of eight points, sable. Third, argent, 
three bendlets, gules, within a bordure, sable, charged with besants". His 
will is dated the first of March, 1478, and was proved at Cleobury, the 
nineteenth of January, 1479. . His feoffees were to raise twenty marks to 
marry Isabella, Margaret, and Blanch, his daughters, if they married with 
the consent of Katherine their mother, and Edward their brother". 

They had six sons and three daughters. Sir Edward Blount, the 
eldest, married Joan the relict of Sir Walter Devereux, was knight of the 
body to King Henry the Seventh, and died without issue, in the four- 
teenth year of Henry the Seventh?. Peter succeeded to the estates. 
Humphrey lived at Thornbury in Gloucestershire, and left children. 

k Harl. MSS. Appendix, No. XV 7 . Art. 23. ' Inquis. post mortem of his father. 

,u Harl. MSS. ibid. Art. 24. n Bigland. ° Harl. MSS. Ibid. Art. 25. p Monu- 

ment in Mamble Church. Nash, ii. p. 157. 


Richard of Calais was Master of the Horse in France, and by his wife 
Alice, daughter of Richard Knight of Calais, who bore, party per chevron, 
argent and sable, three cinquefoils, counter changed, had three sons, 
Richard, George, and Edward. Richard had Arthur, Robert, Thomas, 
Christopher, Edmund. Walter was a priest. Thomas was living at 
Chadesley, in 148,5. Margaret the second daughter was the wife of John 
Walshe, of Sheldesley Walshe in Worcestershire, who bore, argent, a fesse 
between six martlets, sable. There were two other daughters, Isabella and 

By a statute staple of the first of Henry the Seventh, 14S5, Edward, 
Thomas, and Humphrey Blount, were bound to Thomas Fisher, citizen 
and mercer of London, in the sum of one hundred marks for fifty marks 

The second son, Peter Blount, Esquire, of Sodington, was heir to 
his brother Sir Edward. He married Anne, the daughter of Sir Edward 
Cornwall, of Burford in Shropshire. The deed of settlement is dated in 
the twenty -first year of Henry the Seventh, 1505, and Dame Margaret 
Cornwall, widow of Sir Edmund Cornwall, is a party to it s . His will is 
dated the tenth of Henry the Eighth, 1518, and he lived till the nineteenth 
of that king, 1527'. 

They had three sons, Sir Thomas, Francis, and Geoffrey, and three 
daughters, Margaret, Catherine, and Elizabeth". 

Of their three sons, Francis of Hackley, the second, married Catherine, 
daughter of — Crompe, Esquire. I do not know whether this is the 
Francis Blount, who petitioned Queen Elizabeth from Paris, the twenty- 
fourth of July, 15S8, for liberty of conscience, and to come to England ; 
being a catholic. There is another petition to Lord Burleigh to the same 
effect". Strype mentions, that he had gone abroad without the Queen's 
leave, to avoid the dangers then incident to those of his religion ; that 
some informations were brought to the court against him, and the Spanish 
fleet being in motion, he applied for leave to come home y . Geoffrey, the 
third son, dwelt at Sukeley, and they both had issue. Of the daughters 
of Peter Blount, Margaret was the wife of William Gower of Bolton. 

i Bigland. ' Harl. MSS. Appendix, No. XV. Art. 26. s Ibid. Art. 29. < Ibid. 
Art. 30. ■ Bigland. « Lansdowne, MSS. vol. 58. Art 12. > Strype, vol. iii. 

p. 564. 


and had no issue ; Catherine, of John Butler, Esquire, of Droitwich, whose 
arms were, argent, on a chief indented sable, three covered cups, or z . 
Elizabeth married Gregory Newport of Droitwich, who bore, gules, on a 
canton, argent, a fleur-de-lis, sable*. 

Their eldest son and heir was Sir Thomas Blount, of Sodington, who 
was created a knight banneret by Henry the Eighth, in his fifth year, 1513, 
upon the taking of Tournay. He married two wives \ 

His first was Catherine, daughter of Thomas Stanford, Esquire, of Rowley 
in Staffordshire. His arms were barry of six pieces, argent and azure. 
On a canton, gules, a dexter hand, couped at the wrist, or, bearing a dagger, 
argent. Her eldest son, Walter Blount, married, first, Catherine, 
daughter of Thomas Grey, Esquire, of Enville in Staffordshire, who had 
for his arms, barry of six pieces, argent and azure. In chief, three tor- 
teaux, a label of three points, or. Secondly, he married Constance, 
daughter of Sir John Talbot, Knight, of Grafton, Worcestershire. Talbot 
bore gules, within a bordure, ingrailed, a lion rampant, or. Walter Blount 
died without issue by either wife, on the seventh of September, 1589, the 
thirty-second year of Elizabeth. On the inquisition taken upon his death 
the 12th of January, thirty-third of Elizabeth, it was found that he held 
the manors of Sodington, Mamble, Blount's Hall in Uttoxeter in Stafford- 
shire, lands in Needham Grange, and Grontheck in the lordship of Har- 
tington in Derbyshire, and that Dorothy Heath, his sister and heir, was 
sixty years old c . Her next son, Henry Blount, had no issue, and her 
daughter Dorothy was the wife of William Heath, Esquire, of Alchurch. 
Heath bore, or, on a bend cottised, sable, three eagles' heads, erased, of the 
field, langued gules ". 

The second wife of Sir Thomas Blount was Jocosa, or Joyce, daughter 
and heir of Thomas Shirley, of Enville, Esquire, whose arms were, paly 
of six pieces, or and azure, a canton, ermine. By his second wife, besides 
Peter, who died childless, he had Sir George Blount c . 

Sir George Blount, Knight, who succeeded, married Eleanor, the 
daughter of William Norwood, Esquire, of Leckhampton in Gloucester- 
shire, who bore, ermine, a cross ingrailed, gules. Her mother was the 
daughter of William Lygon, Esquire, whose arms were, argent, two lions 

' Bigland. a Ibid. b Ibid. ' Anecd. Coll. Arm. d Bigland. e Ibid. 


passant, gules. Her brother Richard Norwood, married Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of Nicholas Stewart, LL. D. In the fourth of Elizabeth a quare 
impedit was brought by Sir George Blount against William Young, and 
Thomas Bell, Clerk, respecting the church of Checkley in Staffordshire*. 
They had four sons and three daughters. Elizabeth married William Walshe, 
Esquire, of Abberley, Worcestershire, cousin and heir of Sir William Walshe, 
whose arms were argent, a fesse, between six martlets, sable. Eleanor, to 
Henry Ingram, Esquire, of Earls Court, Worcestershire, who bore, quarterly, 
first and fourth, ermine on a fesse gules, three escalops, or. Second and 
third, azure, a chief gules, over all a lion rampant, or. And Margaret died 
young. The three younger sons, Francis, William, and George, served in 
the armies of King Charles the First, in England, Ireland, and Germany. 
The eldest son, Sir Walter Blount of Sodington, was created a 
Baronet, the loth of October, in the eighteenth year of Charles the First, 
1642. He married, very young, Elizabeth, daughter of George Wylde, 
of Droitwich, in Worcestershire, Serjeant at Law, who bore quarterly, the 
first and fourth, argent, a chief sable, on the field a crescent gules, second 
and third, argent, on a cross sable, a crescent, or. He was a zealous sup- 
porter of the king, and suffered much in his cause, having been imprisoned 
for a long time, first, at Oxford, and, afterwards, in the Tower of London. 
His house at Sodington was burnt and damaged by Cromwell's soldiers, 
because they refused to make arms at the forge, and his estates were 
ordered to be confiscated by an Act of the Parliament, November the 
second, 1652. His brothers and four sons were all in the same service. 
His death took place on the ninth of December, l6o4, that of his wife in 
1656, and he was buried at Peyton in Devonshire, his wife at Mamble. 
They had seven sons, and four daughters. The second, John, was 
Lieutenant-Colonel in King Charles the Second's own regiment, when 
Prince of Wales, married the daughter of • — Burgh of Ireland, and had a 
son George, married to Elizabeth Bovvyer. The third, William, was a 
Major in the Queen's regiment. Peter, the fourth, was a Captain at the 
battle of Worcester, and married Frances, daughter of Sir John Peshall. 
Baronet, of Horsley, in Staffordshire, who bore, argent, a cross patonce, 
sable, in a canton, gules, a wolf's head erased, relict of John Stanford, of 

' R. Dodsw. vol. 14S. 



Salford, Esquire ; Walter, Thomas, and Edward, died unmarried. As to 
his daughters, Elizabeth was the wife of Henry Englefield, of White 
Knights, in Berkshire, Esquire, who bore, barry of six, gules and argent, 
on a chief or, a lion passant, azure. Frances, of Andrew Windsor, 
Esquire, son of Sir Thomas Windsor ; who bore, gules, a saltier argent, 
between twelve cross crosslets, or. Ann married James Anderton, Esquire, 
of Birckley, in Lancashire. Eleanor married, first, Robert Knightly, 
Esquire, of Offchurch, in Warwickshire, and, secondly, the Honourable 
Walter Aston, afterwards Lord Aston, of Forfar, in Scotland, whose 
mother was Mary the daughter of Richard Weston, Earl of Portland. 
Knightley bore, quarterly, the first and fourth, ermine, second and third, 
paly of six, or and gules. Aston, quarterly, first and fourth, argent, a 
lesse. In chief three lozenges, sable. Second and third, or, a cross 
patonce, gules. Their son, Lord Aston, married Mary, sister to Thomas 
Howard, Duke of Norfolk, through whose family she was descended by 
females from Esme Stuart, Duke of Lenox, and Edward Somerset, Mar- 
quis of Worcester. 

The eldest son of Sir Walter Blount, the first Baronet, was Sir George 
Blount, who married Mary, the sole daughter and heiress of Richard 
Kirkham, of Blackdown, in Devonshire, son and heir to Sir William 
Kirkham, Knight, by his second wife, daughter of Sir — Tychburne. 
He died at Mawley, in 1667) and was buried at Mamble. He had seven 
sons, and four daughters. Kirkham bore, argent, within a bordure in- 
grailed, sable, three lions rampant, gules, armed and langued, azure'. 

Sir Walter Kirkham Blount, Baronet, the eldest son, married, 
first, Alicia, daughter of Sir Thomas Strickland, Knight, of Siserg [in 
Westmoreland, and Thornton-Brigg in Yorkshire, by whom he had two 
sons, who died infants. Secondly, Mary, daughter of Sir Caesar Cranmer, 
of Ashbury, in Buckinghamshire, Knight, but he died without issue, at 
Ghent, in 17 17- He translated the Office of the Holy Week, which was 
printed at Paris, in 1670. The arms of Strickland are, sable, three 
escalops, argent. Of Cranmer, argent, a chevron azure between three 
pelicans ? with wings expanded, sable h . 

George Blount, Esquire, the second son, married first, Mary, daughter 
of Henry O'Brien, Earl of Thomond, relict of Charles Cockain, Viscount 

« Bigland. » Ibid. 


Cullen. His second lady was Constantia, the daughter of Sir George 
Cary, Knight, of Tor-Abbey in Devonshire. O'Brien bore, gules, three 
lions passant, guardant, party per pale, or and argent. Cockain, argent, 
three cocks, gules. Cary, argent, on a bend, sable, three roses, of the 
field. He died in 1732, in the eightieth year of his age, and was buried 
at Mamble. By his last marriage he had three sons and five daughters, 
Sir Edward Blount, of whom more will be said hereafter, and two others 
who died young. Constantia married Sir John Smythe, of Acton Burnell, 
in Shropshire, and of Esh in Durham, Baronet, who died in 1733, and 
bore for his arms, sable, three roses argent. Mary married Edward 
Dicconson, Esquire, of Wrightington, in Lancashire, and died in 1747. 
He bore, or, between three antelopes' ? heads, erased, vert, a cross voided 
in the centre, of the second, charged with two cross crosslets fitchee, and 
two escalops, or. Anne died at Cambray unmarried, in 1769» and 
Elizabeth and Catherine died likewise abroad in singlehood. 

William, Sir George Blount's third son, as also John, Charles, John, 
and Richard, died young. 

Sir George Blount had five daughters ; Mary married to Henry Howard, 
Esquire, of Chin, in Shropshire, and died in 1732, aged about eighty 
years. Anne, wife of Sir Francis Jemegan, of Cossey Hall, in Norfolk, 
Baronet. Elizabeth, wife of Beaumont Tasburg, Esquire, of Bodney, in 
Norfolk. Catherine married to Richard Minshull, Esquire, of Bourton, 
in Buckinghamshire, and died in 1739, aged eighty-three; and Lucy, who 
died young. 

The younger son of Sir George Blount, Edward Blount, Esquire, suc- 
ceeded to his mother's estate at Blackdown or Blagden, in Devonshire. 
The mansion house was situated at the foot of a hill which obstructed all 
prospect from it, but at a small distance, on the top of the hill, stood a 
summer house, which commanded a noble view of the beautiful harbour of 
Torbay. About the year 1700, he married Anne eldest daughter of Sir 
John Guise, of Rentcomb, in Gloucestershire, Baronet, and of Elizabeth 
Howe, whose mother was daughter and co-heir of Emanuel Scroop, Earl of 
Sunderland. She was a woman of uncommon talent and acquirements, and 
survived her husband many years. The arms of Guise were, gules, seven 
lozenges, vairy, three, three, one, on a canton, or, a mullet pierced, sable. 

Of Edward Blount little more is known than that he was the intimate 
u 2 


friend of Pope ; yet this is sufficient to transmit his name to posterity. 
" I have a secret pleasure," he says in one of his letters, " to have some 
" of my descendants know, that their ancestor was great with Pope'." 
In the letters which passed between them, he appears to have been a 
scholar, a man of sense, and of liberal principles. As a Tory he was 
attached to the exiled prince, and probably wished for a sovereign under 
whom he might enjoy the exercise of his religion in safety ; but it appears 
that he took no active part in the rebellion of 1715. On the contrary, he 
" lamented the dismal scene which was opened in the north, and the ruin 
" which the adherents to the Pretender had drawn upon themselves." 
His views carried him no farther than to " wish the peace and welfare of 
" his country, and he thought it of no consequence who sat at" the helm, 
" provided they will permit us to sail quietly in the ship ; and he con- 
" demned all undertakings that tended to disturb the quiet of the 
" kingdom, as contrary to his notions of morality and religion, which 
" oblige us on no pretence whatever to violate the laws of charity k ." 

Yet it became necessary for him, on account of his connexions and 
principles, to leave England, in 17 16, for some time after the event of the 
rebellion, and the rigorous measures which were adopted towards Papists, 
and Tories, " when their homes must either be left, or be made too narrow 
" for them to turn in 1 ." Abroad, I believe in France, he lived " an her- 
" mitical state of life" with his wife, and part at least of his family" 1 . In 
1721. he was afflicted with a fever, succeeded by the gout". He was 
returned to his native country in 1723, and was resident at Blagden in the 
delightful neighbourhood of Torbay . In September, 1725, he was ex- 
pected in London, but was then residing in the country, " happy in the 
" delights of a contented family, smiling at storms, laughing at greatness, 
" merry over a Christmas fire, and exercising all the functions of an old 
" patriarch in charity and hospitality p ." His easy manners are described 
by Gay, in his Welcome from Greece, addressed to Pope. 

" Ned Blount advances next with busy pace, 
" In haste but sauntering careless in his ways." 

Mr. Blount died of the small pox in 1726, and leaving only four daugh- 

i Letter2. " Let. -i, 3. ' Let 7. '" Let. 11. " Let. 12. ° Let. 1". 

p Let. 15. 


ters, Elizabeth, Mary, Anne, and Henrietta, his estate at Blagdon was 
sold to Edward Parker, Esquire, for their benefits 

The following- Letter has been preserved in the family, but upon what 
occasion it was written, or whether it was the dedication of some printed 
work, is not known. 

To the Ambassador of Muscovy. 
Ino-ratum ne me dixeris, Excellentissime Vir, hanc gratiarum actionem 
tibi inscribo. Mallem etenim nimis ineptum, quam prave ingratum videri. 
Tantae humanitatis, et tot benevolentiae notas, nefas est oblivione condere. 
Accipiat ergo, precor, hanc epistolam, cum non valeam recitare res gestas 
Principum, et Magnatum, nee dissertare de arduis regni, et penetrare 
arcana imperii. Si mihi liceat nomen tuum honeste huic cartae inserere, 
praesidium mihi sit, et dulce decus meum. Excellentissimae, et clarissima? 
consorti debita obsequia humillime offerimus. Augurando omnem felici- 
tatem, cura ut valeas. Yale. 

Excellentiae suae, 

Servus humillimus 
Mense Julii, 1°. 1708. et obsequientissimus, 

DeBlag toT rT ° tneSS ' EDWARDUS BLOUNT. 

To the Ambassador of Muscovy. 
To avoid the charge of ingratitude, I address this letter of thanks to 
your Excellency, as I would rather appear foolish and impertinent, than 
unmindful of your favours. Not to acknowledge the many marks of 
politeness and benevolence which I have received from you would be 
highly criminal. Since then I have not talents to relate the exploits of 
princes and nobles, to discuss the arduous affairs of governments, or to 
penetrate the secrets of empires, deign to accept of this humble epistle. 
Your name, affixed by your permission to these papers, I shall consider as 
my protection, and my glory. To your most excellent and illustrious 
lady, with all humility I offer that respect to which she is so justly 

* Mr. Rowles, in his edition of Pope's Works, has made a great mistake in supposing 
Edward Blount to have been the brother of Teresa and Martha Blount. 


entitled. Wishing you all happiness, I request that you will attend to 
your health. Farewell. 

I am your Excellency's 

Most humble and obedient Servant, 

Blagdon^nearTotness, EDWARD BLOUNT. 


The daughters of Edward Blount were nobly provided for. Elizabeth, 
the eldest, was married in his life time, in 172.5, to the honourable Hugh 
Clifford, who upon the death of his father, in 1730, became Lord Clifford, 
and died in 1732. His arms were, cheeky, or and azure, a fesse gules. 
She bore him four sons ; Hugh, father of the present Lord Clifford ; 
Edward, and Henry, who died unmarried ; and Thomas, who was born in 
August 1732, about five months after his father's death, and in 1 761 
married Barbara, youngest daughter and coheir of James, the fifth Lord 
Aston, who had the present Sir Thomas Clifford, and twelve other chil- 
dren. Lady Clifford had also two daughters, Elizabeth, who died an 
infant, and Mary, the second wife of Sir Edward Smythe of Acton Burnet 
in Shropshire, Baronet; and had three sons, and one daughter married to 
Raymond Arundel, Esquire, uncle to the present Lord Arundel. After 
the death of Lord Clifford, his widow passed most of her time abroad, 
and died at Paris in November, 1778. 

In November 1727, Mary, the second daughter of Edward Blount, was 
married to Mr. Edward Howard, who lived in the south of France, till 
upon the death of his elder brother, Thomas, eighth Duke of Norfolk, in 
December 1732, without issue, he succeeded to the dukedom. She 
graced that high station by the beauty and dignity of her person, and the 
splendour of her wit and talents, and died in 1773. The Duke survived 
to the advanced age of ninety-two, in 1777. 

Mrs. Edward Blount afterwards crossed the sea, with her two unmarried 
daughters, and fixed her residence at Antwerp. In that city, Anne, the 
third daughter, took the veil in a convent of Ursulines, a religious order 
instituted chiefly for the education of young ladies. Though a foreigner, 
she was soon after elected superior of the house. At the time of her 
admission, this establishment was on the verge of ruin ; her talents and 
exertions raised its reputation, and repaired its broken fortunes ; and it 


then became one of the most celebrated convents for education in the 
Low-countries. She was possessed of much wit and cheerfulness, and 
her conversation was lively and interesting. So necessary was her super- 
intendence considered to the welfare of the house, that application was 
made to the Pope, to dispense, in her favour, with the rule which did not 
allow the superiority to remain in the same person for a longer term than 
three years, and she remained in that station till her death in 1779. In 
her last illness she was visited by the Cardinal Archbishop of Mechlin, 
and received from his excellence the last consolations of religion. 

Henrietta, the fourth daughter, was first married to Peter Proli, a mer- 
chant of Antwerp, who left her a widow, without issue. Her second 
husband was Philip Howard, of Buckenham in Norfolk, younger brother 
of Edward Duke of Norfolk, whom she married in 1739, and bore him a 
son, Edward, in 1744, who died unmarried and much lamented in 1767- 
Her daughter Anne, born in 1742, in 1762 married Robert Edward, Lord 
Petre, grandfather to the present Lord. Philip Howard, who had for his 
first wife, Winefride, daughter of Thomas Stoner, Esquire, of Stoner in 
Oxfordshire, died in February 17.50, his widow in 17S1. 

Mrs. Blount remained the rest of her life in the neighbourhood of 
Antwerp. The Countess of Pomfret saw her there in August, 1741, and 
gives a very interesting account of her sentiments and mode of life 1 ". 

There are now, in 1821, living more than seventy descendants of 
Edward Blunt by his two daughters Lady Clifford, and Mrs. Howard. 
There are portraits of him and his lady at Thorndon Hall, in Essex, the 
seat of Lord Petre 5 . 

Sir Edward Blount, Baronet, of Sodington, the son of George 
Blount and Constantia Cary, succeeded to the title and estates of his uncle, 
Sir Walter Kirkham Blount, Baronet, who died in 1717. His lady was 
Apollonia,the daughter of Sir Robert Throckmorton, Baronet, of Coughton 
in Warwickshire, who bore, gules on a chevron, argent, three bars gemels, 
sable*. She died at Mawley in 1749. They had five sons and three 
daughters. The eldest son, Sir Edward Blount, married Frances, the 
daughter and sole heir of William Molineux of Mosborough in Lancashire. 

r See the correspondence between the Countesses of Hertford and Pomfret, vol. iii. p 34S 
' From the information of Sir Thomas Clifford. ' Bigland. 


and died at Bath in 1765, without issue. The arms of Molyneux are, 
azure, a cross moline, or. The third son was named Charles, and two 
others, Robert, and George, died infants. Apollonia, the eldest daughter, 
died in 1761, unmarried, as did Constantia the second in 1762, and Mary 
the third, at Paris, in 1758. 

On the death of Sir Edward Blount without issue in 1765, he was 
succeeded by his next brother Sir Walter Blount, of Sodington and 
Mavvley, who was educated at Douay, and married on the 21st of Sep- 
tember 1766, at Worksop in Nottinghamshire, Mary the eldest daughter 
and coheir of James Aston Lord Forfar, and died in 1785. Her sister 
Barbara, the other daughter, married Thomas Clifford, Esquire, of Tixhall 
in Staffordshire, son of Hugh Lord Clifford. Their mother was Barbara, 
the daughter of George Talbot Earl of Shrewsbury. Sir Walter had four 
sons, Walter Edward, who was born the 28th of September, 1767, and 
died an infant ; Walter, born 3d of September 1768 ; Edward, born 18th 
of July 1769; and George, born 5th of February 1771. 

His eldest surviving son, Sir Walter Blount, succeeded to the 
title, and married Anne Riddell, youngest daughter of Thomas Riddell, 
Esquire, of Swinborne Castle, Northumberland, by whom he had Sir 
Edward Blount, the present Baronet, who was born March 3, 1795. 

Edward, the second surviving son of Sir Walter Blount, who was born 
18th of July 1769, married Frances Mary Wright, eldest daughter of 
Francis Wright, Esquire, of Bedford Square, the 20th of April 1803, by 
whom he had nine children. 1. Mary Frances. 2. Constantia Catherine 
Mary. 3. Walter Edward Aston. 4. Edward Charles. 5. Herbert James. 
6. Apollonia. 7. Frances. 8. Laura. 9. George Thomas. 

George, the youngest son of Sir Walter Blount, married Elizabeth 
Courtenay Chichester, sister to Lady Clifford of Tixall, Staffordshire. 

This family is now seated at Mawley, near Cleobury, in Shropshire, in 
a mansion which was erected about the year 1777. That at Sodington 
was entirely taken down in 1807. It was built at different times; the 
most ancient part was four hundred years old. Some Roman antiquities 
were discovered under the foundation, and near the house, which Dr. 
Milner supposes to have been a Roman fort". 

" Gent. Mag. Nov. 1807- 


The usual coat of arms of the Sodington family is barry, nebuly, of six 
pieces, or and sable : quartering Sodington, argent, three leopards' heads, 
jessant-de-lis, sable. The crest is an armed foot in the sun; with the 
motto, Lux tua vita mea ; or rather, Lux tua via mea. 

But it is entitled to many other quartering ; of which I find twenty- 
seven allowed in the Herald's visitation of Worcestershire, in the year 
16.34 s . 

1. Barry nebuly of six, or and sable. Blount. 

2. Gules, a fesse between six martlets, argent. Blount. 

3. Argent, three leopards' faces jessant-fleurs-de-lis, sable. Sodington. 

4. Gules, three escutcheons, or. Mountjoy. 

5. Or, a raven, sable. Corbett. 

6. Or, an escarbunole of eight rays, floretty, sable. Turet. 

7. Argent, three bendlets gules, within a bordure charged with ten 

bezants. Valetort. 

8. Paly of six, argent and azure, a canton ermine. Shirley. 

9. Gules, a chevron argent, between three garbes, or. Waldestrife. 

10. Gules, three swords erect, two and one, argent, pomells, and hilts, 

or. Waldeshife. 

1 1 . Azure, a lion rampant, ducally crowned, between seven cross-cross- 

lets, or. Braose. 

12. Gules, two bends, that in chief or, the other argent. Milo Earl of 


13. Argent, three piles in point, gules, on a canton argent, a griffon 

sejeant, sable. Basset. 

14. Or, a cinquefoil, gules. Bralesford. 

\5. Argent, two bars, gules. On a canton of the second, a cinquefoil, 
or. Twyford. 

16. Vair, a canton gules. Staunton. 

17. Gules, a bend between six martlets, or. Eccleshall. 

18. Paly of six, argent and gules, on a bend azure, three horse-shoes, or. 


19. Argent, six lions rampant, sable. Savage. 

20. Vairy, argent and sable. De la Ward. 

s C. 30. In Coll. Arm. 


2 1 . Gules, a lion rampant, sable. Savage. 

22. Azure, three boars' heads, couped, or, between nine cross -crosslets, 

argent. Heaven. 

23. Argent, two pipes joined in base, gules, seme of cross-crosslets, azure, 


24. Barry of six, or and gules. Saint Owen. 

%5. Gules, two bars argent. In chief three plates. Oteby. 

26. Azure, a lion rampant, ducally crowned, between seven cross- 

crosslets or. The lion charged with a crescent for difference to 
Braose, above No. 1 1 . Brewes. 

27. Azure, a lion rampant, argent, within a bordure ingrailed, or. 

On an ancient emblazoned parchment I find in addition*, Lozengy, or 

and sable. Blount. Or, two bars, azure. A chief gules. . Vairy. 

Beauchamp. Argent, a bend between six cross-crosslets, azure. Wood- 

thorpe. Gules, on a bend, argent, three escallops, sable. . Sable, 

three spindles charged with thread, argent. . Argent, a saltier, gules, 

between four spread eagles, azure 2 . 

1 Penes William Blount, Esquire. 

1 See Genealogy, No. 8. with the two Supplements A anil B. 


21. Gules, a lion rampant, sable. Savage. 

22. Azure, three boars' heads, couped, or, between nine cross-crosslets, 

argent. Heaven. 

23. Argent, two pipes joined in base, gules, seme of cross-crosslets, azure, 


24. Barry of six, or and gules. Saint Owen. 

2.5. Gules, two bars argent. In chief three plates. Oteby. 

26. Azure, a lion rampant, ducally crowned, between seven cross- 

crosslets or. The lion charged with a crescent for difference to 
Braose, above No. 1 1 . Brewes. 

27. Azure, a lion rampant, argent, within a bordure ingrailed, or. 


On an ancient emblazoned parchment I find in addition*, Lozengy, or 

and sable. Blount. Or, two bars, azure. A chief gules. . Vairy. 

Beauchamp. Argent, a bend between six cross-crosslets, azure. Wood- 

thorpe. Gules, on a bend, argent, three escallops, sable. . Sable, 

three spindles charged with thread, argent. . Argent, a saltier, gules, 

between four spread eagles, azure 2 . 

» Penes William Blount, Esquire. 
1 See Genealogy, No. 8. with the two Supplements A and B. 


I II... k. '....I sudingtnn, | of Mr IV, i|, .uh .It s..- 
;"„„ I ,„,l Eil'idB.'.,,,- , died n'l.i'.iE l.ii.i 

Sir '..hit Blount, I V. r lic.ioclini up 

heir to his brother, I second wife, 

rlio.l :!J F.du III 


" ' l 

iiitjoy, Geneal No. II, 19 

J. kefore his father oi: 

or' Eye, liewflley,' &c, 

Genealogv, No i*. III, 
Corbet, IwpofStanfotd, Perhaps of lion,.,, upon 

Peter I 

I...I II Ike \ II 

- Anne, ila. of Sir Humphrey Bio, 

j ,],„ Goiwul, ofTlornburv.t.lo 

,.. Burl -I Salop, "i .-.,'„ p taiieia 

Richard Blount, 
F Calais, Master of the Hoi 
lFiance, mar 1 Abe,., .!.... 
Hen. VII. Richard Knight. .fC.,l.,i, 

right. ..ft 

Rowley, NtulfurtE 

= Secon.l wife, Joyce, 
Shirley, of Envillc. 


wife of William Gower, Elizabeth, wife ol Francis Blount, Geoflre; . 

iolton. No issue Gregory Newport, married Catherine, ofSukeley (Ii-orge I.E. ml 

ivife of .1 Butler, oi ofDioitwich. da.of Crumpe, IsSue. Richard had Arthur. Ilohcrl. 

Droitwich. Issue. Thomas, Christopher, Edmund 


En., Jc S' 

s '^ '■••■»;■ ' 't l-j. lie. d..uL-b ..i 

I... In, .her »., Iter. of Lcckhainplon. ' 

\\ .:,, r I,,,. , I s,,d,„-ii>ii. ■ ' i:i,;,b,.l, ,l.,,-i,..i-,,i 

• n- Mel., Il.ii, • ".'let »V,I. ,„ lb.., 

tl ,] | b I II, in , -in ,1 

Imiied at I'.yton, Devon, died 'bob buric.l at 

second son, Ihiid s< 

, = Daughter of 5. Waller, died belor 

.',.' Mumble'.' '" "' of Sir William. 

Captain at Sir J. Peshall, Henn F.nelel 

Bpjht. Bart.ofHor.lev. 

of T. Sand- 

Ru.t .J II..,. I, ; ..I Hlute K,u::lil>. son of Sir ' 

II,r,|..r.|. , 

Tnsburg.of of Bourton, Bucks, Devi 

Ilodney, d. I March, 1739- The I 

Norfolk. 40, art. 83. 

if Mary, wife of Anne, died Elizobefl 

.ton Edw. Diecon.on, at fambray, Catheiin 

I of ofWightington, unmarried, both die 

in ..i. II;. rt. of Earl Marshal of married 17 

Coughton.Waiw. England, d. 1777, died 1723 

1 ..I at Mawley, without issue. 

Hugh Clifford. -Elizabeth, Winefred, . 

Stonor, brother to I „ . 

Anne Superior of 
.be Cr.oline Con- 

Robert, George, 

or 1 do.. ml Hi,, mil. E.ut. Ence- ,1, 1 - .1,- 1 burl, . Hi ,t. Sir Walter Blount. >f S.idington. ~ - Marc, el, let ,l.,u,l,l., 

fSodingtonandMawlev, heir of Wm Mobneu\ id s, in born at Worcestersh. and Mi.wley. Salop, I and coheir of ,I,.u .- 

led at Ifitii. ITbl, buried of M..-b.,n,,i-li. Eanc. Muwlev. cdu- ,i,arri,-.l U U.rk-,.]. N..IC. -'1 Sep. | E..-.1 Furfur in Sot- 

iter Edward EL., 
.ornf.'s'ep 17,17 

, : Anne llid.lell. >ounge-t d.ugh. 

,l,ii ni-i 

l.i.lil.ll oi S'i i 

diedoa 111, 1803. married 25 Nov. 1792- 

Sii Edwanl Blount, Bait. 

I, -—— Frances Mary Mr, -In 

lmiintia Ctberine Mary. Wal 

,H II. Il.'.td o. 'I 


;r, of 



s &• s 1* ■ 

-2 ja w o ° 

s 1 

mes B 
f Clco 
rge in 
ry, C 
of Sa 

B O O 3 

<-» fa J 


All died 

f j 

ui td bl 

«) 8'" 

Wo . 

J "3 

go 5 

o °''3 • 

~ . O to 

.S GQ t> 

o 1" - 

£» ° e •- 

1 1 =£§• 

— JHI 

aǤ 2 


B*sa ■§ 


h o £ : 3 

~ C5 Js "^ 

O & -3 



50 c t« c g 


3 S 3 

T3 U 

= Isabella, - 
eldest da. 
and coheir 
of Colonel 

Bladen, ob. 
14 Oct. 177-') 

buried at 

Ketton, Co 





° ■ -g.S 

ge B 
S. P. 

to S&< 6 .Sn 


o d-3 ofc 

- to 

- O^^Oi 




1 || 



«" -w "B *i -g 


(i. .1 




i. <N t3_ - ■! 

« -3 E S S S 


W c "3 .a 

5 ='E° 

S ° <U M 

H 5 

s ft* - .g ^\g 

« .<-E8)« 

■St^rlltS is 


Ja O S =4 
03 .53 "C 5 



The Blounts of Kinlet, in Shropshire, including those of Yeo, or Eye, 
in Herefordshire, of Kidderminster, in Worcestershire, and some 
other places. 

WE have before seen, that Sir John Blount, of Sodington, the grand- 
son of Sir Walter le Blount of Rock, had two wives, Juliana Fowleshurst, 
and Isabella Cornwall, and perhaps a third named Helen, and that the 
Sodington branch was descended from his issue by the first wife. The 
branch of which I am now treating proceeded from his second wife. 

This was Isabella, the daughter of Sir Bryan Cornwall, whom he 
married in the sixth year of Richard the Second, 13S4. The Corn walls 
were descended from Richard, Earl of Cornwall, and King of the 
Romans, the second son of King John. His son Edmund, Earl of 
Cornwall, had a natural son, Sir Richard Cornwall, who, by his wife 
Joan, was father of Sir Edmund Cornwall, and Sir Geoffrey Cornwall. 
Sir Geoffrey was the ancestor of the Barons of Burford, in Shropshire. 
Sir Edmund Cornwall, who died in the twenty-eighth year of Edward the 
Third, 1354:, married Elizabeth, the daughter and co-heir of Sir Bryan 
Brampton, by whom he acquired the mansion and manor of Kinlet, in 
Shropshire. Besides Edmund, who died without issue, and Peter, their 
son and heir, was Sir Bryan Cornwall, Lord of Kinlet, who died in the 
fifteenth year of Richard the Second, 1391. His wife was Maud the 
daughter of the Lord Strange, and their sons Sir John Cornwall, Thomas, 
Henry, and Bryan, having died without male issue, Isabella their daughter 
inherited Kinlet. The arms of Brampton were, or, two lions passant, 
gules. Cornwall bore those of Richard, Earl of Cornwall, argent, a lion 
rampant, gules, crowned with a ducal coronet, or ; which were the arms 
of Poictou. And within a bordure ingrailed sable, charged with besants, 

156 THE BLOUNTS OF KINLET, &c. book hi. 

which were those of the ancient Earls of Cornwall. Sir Geoffrey Corn- 
wall, having taken prisoner the Duke of Britanny, had the field of his 
arms changed from argent to ermine, being the arms of Britanny, and so 
it was borne by his descendants*. 

It is before mentioned, that, upon his marriage with Isabella, Sir John 
Blount settled upon her the estates at Ratterley, Fenton, Kilward, Bydulf, 
Romesore, Denston, Glaston, Wyshall, Waterfall, and Balterderley, all in 
Staffordshire, and which estates are therefore hereafter found in the posses- 
sion of the Blounts of Kinlet. 

By Isabella he had two sons, John and Roger b . 

Of Roger I know nothing farther than that amongst the possessions of 
the convent of Croxton in the town of Leicester, as described in the 
register of that Abbey, there appears a rent of eighteen pence, two hens, 
and a cock, of the gift of Roger Blund, perhaps the same person, and 
which was paid by Warinus out of certain lands which had been granted 
by Warinus to the Abbey c . 

John Blount, Esquire, of Kinlet and Dodington in the same county, 
married Alice, the daughter of Kynard de la Bere of Herefordshire, whose 
arms were azure, a bend, argent, cottised, or, between six martlets of the 
third*. In the seventh year of Henry the Sixth, 142S, John Blount, son 
and heir of Sir John Blount, Knight, and of Isabella his wife, was found to 
have held lands in Balterderley, Culvard, Romesore, and Bidulf, in the 
county of Stafford 6 . He died in the twenty-first year of Henry the 
Sixth, 1442, and upon the inquisition held, he was found to have pos- 
sessed Balterderley, Kilvart, Lentin, Romesore, and Bidulf, and that 
Humphrey was his son and heir, and of the age of twenty years f . 

John Blount, and Alicia de la Bere, had five sons, and five daughters. 
Humphrey, John, Edward, William, and Charles. Isabella married to 
John Kyene, Anne to William Gay ton, Maria to John Pigott, Eleanor to 
John Cheyney of Chesham, and Margaret to John Oteley. John 

■ Harl. MSS. No. 1052. f. 28. b. No. 1196. f. 97. 75. Kennet, Par. Antiq. p. 3+1. from 
Dugdale's MSS. Sandford's Genealogical History. 

" Bigland. c Peck's MSS. Mils. Brit. No. 4935. " Karl. ibid. c Anecd. 

Coll. Arm. f R. Dods. vol. 37- f. 199- 

chap. ii. THE BLOUNTS OF KINLET, &c. 157 

perhaps was the ancestor of the Blounts of Burton upon Trent, and 

Humphrey was a minor at his father's death, and King Henry the 
Sixth, in his twenty-second year, 1443, granted his marriage to John, 
Lord Dudley ; and Humphrey did homage to the king for his lands in 
Staffordshire 11 . He was Sheriff for Shropshire in the first and seventh 
years of Edward the Fourth, 1461, and 1467', and married Elizabeth, the 
daughter of Sir Robert Wilmington. The arms of Wilmington were, 
argent, an escutcheon, voided, between six martlets, sable. He died in 
the seventeenth year of Edward the Fourth, 1477, when it was found 
that he held the manor of Astal-Lye, in fee from Edward, Prince of Wales, 
as part of the honour of Wallingford, for his homage and fealty only k . 

They had five sons, Thomas, John, William, Edward, and Walter, and 
a daughter, married to Thomas OfFley, of Hereford. 

John Blount lived at Yeo, or Eye, in Herefordshire, and was the 
ancestor of a branch which was settled at that place, and whose descent, 
which is in the annexed genealogy, I have not been able to trace lower 
than to the year 1623, the date of Vincent's Visitation of Shropshire 1 . 

The eldest son was Sir Thomas Blount of Kinlet, who in the 
nineteenth year of Edward the Fourth, 1479, was found to have held 
lands in Balterderley, Fenton, Culvard, Romesore, and Bidulf". He 
married Anne the daughter of Sir Richard Crofts, who lived at Elders- 
field, and died in 1509. By her he had twenty children, whose names are 
not all known, and of whom probably many died infants. 

Their second son, Walter Blount of Astley, married Isabel, the youngest 
daughter of Walter Acton, of Acton, who possessed the manor of 
Glashainton in the parish of Astley, in Worcestershire, which upon his 
death was divided between his two daughters. Elizabeth, daughter of 
Walter Blount, married Richard Winford or Windesford of Sapy, in 
Herefordshire, about 1584, in whom the whole manor of Astley became 
again united, being descended from both Blount and Winford". The 

s See Chapter 6. " Anecd. Record. Coll. Ann. ' Mr. W. Blount's Notes. 

k Dugd. MSS. vol. 74. p. 8] , and 87. Kennet, p. 342. ' In Coll. Arm. and Harl. 

MSS. No. 119fi. IU Anecd. Record. Coll. Arm. " Nash's Worcestershire, vol. i. 
p. 39- 

158 THE BLOUNTS OF KINLET, &c. book hi. 

priory at Astley upon the dissolution was bestowed on Sir Ralph 
Sadler, who, in the thirty-fifth year of Henry the Eighth, conveyed it to 
Mr. Robert Blunt. The rectory came to him afterwards, and, partly by 
marriage and partly by purchase, both centered in the family of Winford". 
In Astley church is the monument of Walter Blount, who died the 3d 
of October, 1561, and Isabel his wife, who died the 8th of January, 1562. 
Likewise of Robert Blount p , who died the 4th of May, 1572, Anne his 
wife then living'. In the fifteenth of Elizabeth, 1572, Robert Blount, 
Esquire, held the manor of Asteley, and lands in Wittley and Kidder- 
minster, lately belonging to Sir Ralph Sadler, and died the 15th of May 
in that year. Thomas Blount, his son, was upwards of eight years old r . 

In the first year of Queen Mary, 1553, a moiety of the manor of Kid- 
derminster became the property of the Blounts of Kinlet, and belonged to 
Edward Blount, the third son of Sir Thomas Blount and Anne Crofts, in 
whose descendants it continued till the death of Sir Edward Blount, his 
grandson, who leaving no issue, it was by special deed conveyed to the 
Earl of Newport, and from him to Waller the poet s . In Kidder- 
minster church is the monument of Thomas Blount, Esquire, son of 
Edward, and Margery his wife. He died the 28th of November, 1569> 
she the 2d of November, 1593. There is likewise an altar-tomb of 
his son, Sir Edward Blount, Lord of Kidderminster, who married, first, 
Maria Neville, sister of Lord Abergavenny ; secondly, Maria Wigmore ; 
and he died the 13th of November, 1630, aged seventy-six years. It is a 
fine monument, with the images of himself and his two wives, and their 
arms, gules, on a saltier argent, a rose of the field, for Neville ; sable, three 
greyhounds current, argent, collared, or, for Wigmore. They have both 
been engraved by Nash'. 

Robert, another son, who is styled anteambulo 3 eomitum Salop, died 
in 15S0, having married Elizabeth Colombell, of Darley in Derbyshire, 
and left several children. 

° Nash's Worcestershire, vol. i. p. 3$. 

p This must be a different person from Robert Blount the son of Sir Thomas and Anne 
Crofts, whose wife, in Vincent's Visitation of Salop, was named Elizabeth, and no son 
Thomas is mentioned, unless he had a second wife, Anne, by whom he had a son Thomas. 

« Nash's Worcestershire, vol. i. p. 39. ' Anecd. ' Hist. Wore. vol. ii. p. 37. 

' Ibid. vol. ii. p. 50. 

chap. ii. THE BLOUNTS OF KINLET, &c. 159 

Of the other younger children of Sir Thomas Blount and Anne Crofts, 
and of the Blounts of Yeo, or Eye, as I have no other information than 
what is contained in the annexed Genealogies, I shall content myself 
with referring to them. 

The eldest of the twenty children of Sir Thomas Blount of Kinlet, and 
Anne Crofts, was Sir John Blount, who married Catherine, the 
daughter and heir of Sir Hugh Pershall of Knightly in Staffordshire, 
whose arms were, argent, a cross-crosslet, sable; on a canton, gules, a 
wolf's head, argent". He died in the sixteenth year of Henry the Eighth, 
1.524, in the fortieth year of his age. His wife died in 1540. 

They had three sons and five daughters : George, Henry, and William ; 
Elizabeth, Rosa married to William Grisling of Lincolnshire, Albora, 
Agnes married to Roland Lakyn, Isabella to William Read. 

The eldest, Sir George Blount, married Christina, or Constance, 
the daughter of Sir John Talbot of Grafton. With him ended the Kinlet 
family. He sold the estate at that place, and left an only daughter, 
named Dorothy, married to John Purslovv of Sudbury in Shropshire. 

Henry Blount, the next brother, lived at Bewdley, married Johanna, the 
daughter of John Someiville of Edieston in Warwickshire, and had a son 
named George. 

Elizabeth Blount, the eldest daughter of Sir John Blount of Kinlet, and 
Catherine Pershall, requires a more particular account. She engaged the 
affections of King Henry the Eighth. Lord Herbert, the historian of that 
reign, says, that this lady " was thought, for her rare ornaments of nature 
" and education, to be the beauty and mistress-piece of her time." Hall, 
a contemporary, relates this affair in his old language in this manner. 
" The Kinge in his freshe youth was in the chaynes of love with a fair 
" damosell called Elizabeth Blount, which in synging, daunsyng, and in 
" all goodly pastymes exceeded all others, by the which goodly pastymes 
" she wan the Kingys harte, and she again shewed him such favour that 
" by him she bare a goodly man childe, of beautie like to the father and 
" mother. This childe was well brought up, like a prince's childe ; and 
" when he was six yere of age, the Kinge made him knight, and called 
" him Lord Henry Fitzroy ; and in London, being the 18th day of June. 

"Harl. No. 11 96. 

160 THE BLOUNTS OF KINLET, &c. book in. 

" at the manor, or place, of Bridewell, the said Lord ledde by twoo Erles, 
" was created Earle of Nottingham, then he was brought back again by 
; ' the said twoo Erles. Then the Dukes of Norfolke and Suffolke led 
" hym into the great chamber again, and the King created him Duke of 
k ' Richmond, and Somerset"." 

Henry Fitzroy was born at Blackmore in Essex, in 1519, the eleventh 
year of King Henry's reign. Cardinal Wolsey was his god-father >'. At 
six years of age, on the 18th of June, in 1525, the seventeenth year of the 
King, he was created a Knight of the Garter, Earl of Nottingham, Duke 
of Richmond and Somerset. On the 16th of July following he was ap- 
pointed Admiral of England, Ireland, Normandy, &c. In the nineteenth 
year of Henry the Eighth, 1527, is dated his patent for the Wardenship 
of the east, west, and middle Marches towards Scotland. In the twenty- 
second year, 1530, he was appointed Lieutenant of Ireland, and, on ac- 
count of his youth, being only eleven years of age, Sir William Skeffington 
was named as his deputy z . 

Upon the death of the Duke of Norfolk, Sheriff-Hutton in Yorkshire, 
which had been granted to him for life, reverted to the crown, and was 
assigned in 1525 to the Duke of Richmond, as the place of his residence. 
He was then about siv years of age, and was attended by a council to 
superintend his education. At the head of these was Master Magnus, a 
man of ability, and who was much employed by Henry and Cardinal 
Wolsey, in their negociations with the Scottish court. In the British 
Museum many letters are preserved, written by the council on various 
points of business". In one they ask the directions of Wolsey, as to the 
new-year's gifts which Richmond was to present to the King, and other 
persons' 1 . There is likewise the following letter from the Duke to Car- 
dinal Wolsey. It is without date, and was probably written when he was 
very young. 

5 Hall's Union of the two Houses of Lancaster and York, from Hen. IV. to the thirty- 
eighth of Hen. VIII. fol. c. xl. iii. Ed. Grafton, 1550. 

y Richmond's Letter post. 

z Sandford's Genealogical History, page 495. Nash's Worcestershire, vol. i. 265. 
Collins's Peerage, i. p. 1 19. Woods Ath. Ox. i. Col. 85. Burnet, Reform, i. p. 85. fol. edit. 

a Cotton MSS. Caligula. B. 6. 

b This is printed by Dr. Nott, in his Memoirs of the Earl of Surrey, prefixed to his works. 

chap. ii. THE BLOUNTS OF KINLET, &c. nil 

A Letter from the Duke of Richmond to Cardinal Wolsei/ h . 

Please it your Grace to be advertised ; that at this time I do write unto 
the same, not only to make a demonstration of this my proceeding in 
writing ; but, also in my right humble and lowlvwise to beseech your 
Grace, of your daily blessing ; and pardon, for that I have so long time 
delayed, and forbom to write unto your Grace, to whose favour and good- 
ness no creature living is more bound than I am. And like as it hath 
pleased Almighty God, and the King's Highness ; much part by the 
means and good favour of your Grace to prefer and advance me in honour; 
so shall I, God willing, endeavour myself and apply my time to th' attain- 
ing and increase of learning, virtue, and cunning correspondent to the 
same ; whereby I may be more able to do unto the King's Highness such 
service hereafter, as shall consist with his most gracious pleasure, which of 
all things under God is, and shall be my only mind, intent, and purpose ; 
as Master Magnus, this bearer, director of my council, shall make relation 
unto your Grace; whom Almighty God evermore have in his most holy 
and blessed tuition and governance. At Shiriff-Hutton. the fourth day of 
March, by your most humble godson, 

Who had the particular charge of his education is not related. That 
Leland had some share in it is evident from the following Hexasticon, 
which he sent with a book of specimens, or copies, for writing Latin. By 
these instructions the Duke certainly improved, for his letter is written in 
a very neat hand. 

Ad I/lustrissimum Heiirieum, Ducem Richomontanum. 

Quo Romana modo majuscula litera pingi, 

Pingi quo possit littera parva modo, 
Hie liber ecce tibi signis monstrabit apertis, 

Princeps, Aonii spes et alumne gregis. 
Qui tibi si placeat, quod certe spero futurum, 

Maxima pro parvo munere dona dabiV. 

b Cotton MSS. Vespasian. F. III. p. 18. c Collectanea, vol. v. 


162 THE BLOUNTS OF KINLET, &c. book hi. 

How long he resided at Sheriff- Hutton is not known, hut a comparison 
of dates sufficiently proves that he was not educated at Windsor, with the 
Earl of Surrey, as has usually been supposed. From a curious Household 
Book of the Earl's father, which gives an account of the meals of the 
family every day in the year, it appears that the young Earl, then Lord 
Howard, was resident at Tendring Hall, his father's seat in Suffolk, and 
at Hunsden in Hertfordshire, from the year 1513 to 1524. For every 
day, during that period, a regular dinner was provided for him in the 
nursery. In 1524, on the death of the Duke of Norfolk, his grandfather, 
he went to reside with his father at Kennington Hall in Norfolk, and there 
his education was completed, in 1531, or 1532, when he was fourteen, or 
fifteen years of age d . 

There is no proof whatever that the Duke of Richmond, and the Earl 
of Surrey, went to Christ Church, then Cardinal College, at Oxford, as 
has been asserted by Anthony a Wood. He was undoubtedly a pupil of 
the celebrated Doctor Richard Croke, and studied under him at King's 
College in Cambridge, where he was public professor of the Greek lan- 
guage. The time of his going thither is not ascertained, but when Croke 
went to Italy in 1530, Richmond was under his tuition % and perhaps the 
Earl of Surrey was with him f . 

The first great occasion upon which Richmond was introduced to 
public notice, was at the interview which took place between Henry the 
Eighth, and Francis the First, in 1532. The two sovereigns first met at 
Boulogne, on the 21st of October, where the English King was splendidly 
received by his royal host. Henry returned to Calais on the 25th, with 
Francis, and on their way thither, about two miles from the town, they 
were met by the Duke of Richmond, attended by a train of noblemen, 
who had not been at Boulogne. " The Duke saluted the French King, 
" and embraced him, in the most courteous and honourable manner." 
Henry, after entertaining the King of France at Calais with the greatest 

* An abstract of this curious document is given by Dr. Nott, from whom I have taken 
the above particulars. Lord Surrey's Works. 

* Burnet, Hist. Reform. 

' Wood erroneously states Dr. Croke to have been tutor to Richmond at King's College 
in 1524, but Richmond was then only five years of age, and was living in Yorkshire. 

chap. ii. THE BLOUNTS OF KINLET, &c. 163 

magnificence, returned to England on the 14th of November, and on the 
evening of the same day married Anna Boleyn privately e . The Duke of 
Richmond, instead of accompanying his father to England, went to Paris 
to complete his studies in that University, and it is not improbable that 
Surrey attended his noble friend, though he could not have continued long 
with him. In 1533, he returned home with the Duke of Norfolk, and 
arrived in London on the 7th of September, just in time to be present at 
the christening of the Princess Elizabeth, afterwards Queen h . 

Soon after his return, he was married to the Lady Mary Howard, 
daughter to the Duke of Norfolk, the Earl of Surrey's only sister. This 
match was the sole act of the King, encouraged perhaps by the influence 
of Anna Boleyn, who was first cousin to the Lady Mary'. As the 
parties were considered as being within the fourth degree of consanguinity, 
a dispensation was obtained for the marriage, which is dated the twenty- 
sixth of November, 1533. He is there styled Henry, Duke of Richmond 
and Somerset, Earl of Nottingham, and Great Admiral of England 11 . On 
account of the tender age of the parties, the Duchess continued with 
her friends, and Richmond is supposed to have resided at Windsor 

It was during this time, about 1534, that the attachment was formed 
between him and Surrey, which that noble poet has celebrated in that 
beautiful sonnet, in which he has so feelingly described their occupations, 
amusements, and sentiments. It was written in 1546, ten years after the 
death of Richmond, when his affection had not subsided, but when his 
own misfortunes, and his confinement in that place which had been the 
scene of his former happiness, revived the recollection of it with melan- 
choly acuteness. 

s Holinshead, p. 776. Herbert, p. 367. Du Bellay. Grafton, p. 442. Ed. KSOf). 
Hall, p. 790. Ed. 1809. 

" Du Bellay, vol. xviii. p. 230. 

1 In a Letter from the Duchess of Richmond, to her father, after her husband's death, 
she says, that " the king alone made the marriage." Nott, Appendix, No. vi. 

k Nott, Memoirs of Surrey. 

Y 2 

164 THE BLOUNTS OF KINLET, &c. book hi. 


So cruel prison how could betide, alas ! 

As proud Windsor? Where 1 in lust and joy, 
With a King's son", my childish years did pass, 
In greater feast than Priam's sons of Troy. 

W'here each sweet place returns a taste full sour. 

The large green courts, where we were wont to hove 1 , 
With eyes cast up unto the maiden's tower, 
And easy sighs, such as folk draw in love. 

The stately seats, the ladies blight of hue, 
The dances short, long tales of great delight; 
With winds, and looks, that tigers could but rue 2 , 
Where each of us did plead the other's right. 

The palme-play 3 , where, despoiled 4 for the game, 
With dazed eyes oft we by gleams of love 
Have miss'd the ball, and got sight of our dame, 
To bait 5 her eyes, which kept 6 the leads above. 

The gravel'd ground 7 , with sleeves tied on the helm 8 , 
On foaming horse with swords and friendly hearts: 
With chere 9 , as though one should another whelm, 
Where we have fought, and chased oft with darts. 

With silver drops the meads yet spread for ruth; 
In active games of nimbleness and strength, 
Where we did strain, trained with swarms of youth, 
Our tender limbs, that yet shot up in length. 

The secret groves, which oft we made resound 
Of pleasant plaint, and of our ladies' praise; 
Recording soft what grace each one had found, 
What hope of speed, what dread of long delays. 

k The Duke of Richmond. 

' Hover, linger. 3 As might have moved tigers to pity. 3 Tennis-court. 

1 Stripped. * Allure, attract, or feed upon, batten. 6 Was on the leads of the 

Castle to see the game. ; The lists. 8 A sleeve, or other favour, of their mistresses. 

3 Looks. Ital. cera, Fr. chere. 

chap. ii. THE BLOUNTS OF KINLET, &c. \6o 

The wild forest, the clothed holts 10 with green ; 
With reins availed 11 , and swift y-breathed horse, 
Wilh cry of hounds, and merry blasts between, 
Where we did chase the fearful hart of force 12 . 

The void 13 walls eke that harbour'd us each night ; 
Wherewith, alas ! revive within my breast 
The sweet accord, such sleeps as yet delight ; 
The pleasant dreams, the quiet bed of rest; 

The secret thought?, imparted with such trust; 
The wanton talk, the divers change of play; 
The friendship sworn, each promise kept so just, 
Wherewith we past the winter nights away. 

And with this thought the blood forsakes the face; 
The tears berain 14 my cheeks of deadly hue; 
The which, as soon as sobbing sighs, alas ! 
Up-supped have, thus I my plaint renew: 

" O place of bliss ! renewer of my woes ! 
" Give me account, where is my noble fere 15 ? 
' : Whom in thy walls thou didst each night enclose ; 
" To other lief 16 ; but unto me most dear." 

Echo 17 , alas! that doth my sorrow rue, 

Returns thereto a hollow sound of plaint. 

Thus I alone, where all my freedom grew, 

In prison pine, with bondage and restraint: 
And with remembrance of the greater grief, 
To banish the less, I find my chief relief. 

His friend Surrey's marriage with the Lady Frances Vere was solemnized 
in 153.5. We cannot but lament that amongst the tew persons who at- 
tended the execution of Anna Boleyn, the name of the Duke of Richmond 
appears 1 . From some treaties between Henry and the Emperor, it seems 

10 High hills. " Slackened. ,2 A term of hunting. Chasse a forcer, game 

run clown. — Chasse a tirer, game shot. ' 3 The hangings taken down. " Bedew. 

as with rain. "* Companion. l6 Dear. Perhaps his sister, the Lady Mary Howard, 

married to the Duke of Richmond. " The edition of 1574 reads, " Eche stone, alas !" 

1 Burnet, Reform. 

166 THE BLOUNTS OF KIN LET, .See. book hi. 

that the King entered into a negociation, by which he endeavoured to 
make his son Duke of Milan, upon some advantageous conditions, which 
he proposed m . 

The Duke of Richmond died at St. James's, on the 22d of July, 1536, 
when he was only seventeen years of age, and was buried at Fromlingham 
in Suffolk". He was of a weakly constitution, but of an amiable, cour- 
teous, and affable disposition, and was master of high attainments in 
learning, and of great personal accomplishments. He was in much favour 
with his father, and the friendship of the Earl of Surrey is alone a proof of 
his extraordinary merit. 

After his death, there is a letter from his widow to her father, the Duke 
of Norfolk, complaining of the want of a provision suitable to her rank, 
and of being refused her dower ; and she requests his intercession with the 
king in her behalf , who alone, she says, " made the marriage." These 
difficulties were occasioned by the want of a formal celebration and 
consummation. In consequence of these applications, in his thirtieth 
year, 1538, Henry granted her the manor of S waff ham, the house of the 
Fraternity of the chapel of the Holy Trinity, in Wilsoken, in Norfolk, at 
the decease of Randolph Stannow, with the reversion of the parsonage of 
Navesby, in Northumberland . King Edward the Sixth, in his sixth 
year, granted her an annuity of one hundred pounds a year, during 
pleasure, for finding the two sons, and three daughters of the Earl of 
Surrey, attainted of treason, who were committed to her carei. In the 
same year lands were granted to her in Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and 
Northamptonshire r . She died on the 9th of December, in the third and 
fourth years of Philip and Mary. 

The coat of arms assigned to the Duke of Richmond was, France and 
England, quarterly. Within a bordure, quarterly, first, ermine : second 
and third, compony, or and azure ; the fourth, compony, argent and azure. 
Over all a baston sinister, argent. An escutcheon of pretence, quarterly, 
gules and vairy, or and vert, charged with a lion rampant, argent. On a 

'" Herbert's MSS. Collections, vol. ii. p. 125. In Nott. " Fuller's Worthies. Essex. 

Speed. ° Nott. Appendix, No. VI. 

p Rot. Pat. in anno. The king in his grant states, Cum Dux ante carnalem eopulam, 
inter ipsum, et Dominam Mariam, habitam, viam universa; carnis ingressus fuerit. 

i Rot. Pat. r Rot. Pat. in Nott. 

chap. ii. THE BLOUNTS OF KINLET, &c. 167 

chief azure, a castle between two bucks' heads, caboshed, argent. It was 
impaled with his wife, the Lady Mary Howard's arms, first Howard, with 
the augmentation, 2, Brotherton, 3, Mowbray, 4, Warren. Supported by 
an antelope, argent, bezanty, accorned, hoofed, and gorged with a ducal 
coronet, and chained, or s . 

After her connexion with the king, Elizabeth Blount married Sir Gilbert 
Talbois, who was much in favour with Henry, and was advanced by him 
to the peerage, in the twenty-first year of his reign, 1529. He died in 
1530, and was buried at his seat at Kyme in Lincolnshire. On his tomb 
is this inscription, Gilbert, Lord Tailboys, Lord of Kyme, who married 
Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir John Blount, of Kinlet, in Shropshire, 
Knight, and died 15 April, 1530. 

They had a son, George, Lord Talbois, upon whose death their only 
daughter, the Lady Elizabeth Talbois, inherited their property and title, 
and was twice married, first, to Thomas Wimbish of Nocton, in Lincoln- 
shire ; who upon his marriage assumed the stile of Lord Talbois, but it 
was decided that he had no right to it 1 . They had no issue, and she 
afterwards became the wife of Lord Ambrose Dudley, afterwards Earl of 
Warwick". Having no children likewise by her second husband, her large 
inheritance was divided between her four aunts, or their representatives, 
namely, Elizabeth, the wife of Sir Christopher Willoughby, of Parham ; 
Cicely, married first, to Sir William Ingilby, of Riply, in Yorkshire, 
secondly, to John Toumay of Cavenby in Lincolnshire ; Anne, the wife 
of Sir Edward Dymock, of Scrivelby, in Lincolnshire; and Margaret, who 
was married to Sir George Vernon of Haddon, in Derbyshire. Anne had 

To return to Elizabeth Blount. After the death of Lord Talbois, she 
became the first wife of Edward, Lord Clinton. This nobleman was the 

* Stall in St. George's Chi pel Windsor. A banner in Coll Arm. Sanford, p. 446. 

1 Guillim. 

" Son and heir to John, Duke of Northumberland, after the death of his elder brethren, 
treated Earl of Warwick by Queen Elizabeth, in the fourth year of her reign. He died 
without issue, in 1589 His first wife was Anne Whorwood; his second, Elizabeth Tayl- 
bois, daughter of Sir Gilbert Taylbois, Knight, sister and sole heir of George, Lord 
Taylbois. After he was Earl of Warwick he married his third wife, Anne, daughter of the 
Earl of Bedford. The arms of Taylbois are, a saltier, in thief three escalops. His monu- 
ment in the Beauchamp Chapel, Warwick. 

168 THE BLOUNTS OF KINLET, &c. book hi. 

ninth Lord Clinton, and the first Earl of Lincoln, was born in 1512, and 
died in 1585. By Elizabeth he had three daughters ; Bridget, who married 
Robert Dymock, of Scrivelby ; Catherine, to William, Lord Borough; and 
Margaret, to Charles, Lord Willoughby, of Parham. Ursula, Lord 
Clinton's second wife, was the daughter of William, Lord Stourton, and 
brought him three sons and two daughters. The Earl of Lincoln's third 
wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Gerald Fitzerald, Earl of Kildare, the 
Geraldine celebrated in the poems of Lord Surrey, by whom he had no 
children 1 . 

Henry was a friend not only to Elizabeth Blount, but to her husbands, 
and her daughter. In the thirty-eighth year of his reign he granted the 
manor of Cromb Simon, in Worcestershire, with other estates, to Thomas 
Wimbish, and the Lady Elizabeth his wife, in exchange for other lands?. 

The family at Kinlet bore the nebuly coat of Blount, quartered with 
Cornwall, argent, a lion rampant, gules, crowned with a ducal coronet, or, 
within a bordure engrailed, sable, charged with bezants. And for a crest, 
on a ducal coronet, a lion rampant, between two men's arms, holding a 
coronet 1 . 

Vincent, in his visitation of Shropshire", has given twenty-nine quarters. 
For the crest, on a chapeau, a lion statant, gules, crowned, or. 1 . Blount, 
nebuly, 2. Sodington. 3. Or, a fret gules, Verdon. 4. Or, a fesse, 
gules, Lacy. 5. Party per pale, or and vert, a lion rampant, gules, Mar- 
shall. 6. Gules, a bend lozengy, or, Marshall. 7- Or, six lions rampant, 
sable, Strongbow. 8. Sable, two garbes, argent, Macmurgh. 9- Or, 
three chevrons, gules, Clare. 10. Gules, three clarions, or, Consull. 1 1. 
Azure, a lion rampant guardant, or, Fitzhamon. 12. Ermine, a lion 
rampant, gules, crowned, or, within a bordure ingrailed, sable, charged 
with ten bezants, Cornwall. 13. Or, two lions passant, gules, Brampton 
14. Or, two lions passant guardant, gules, Saint Valery. 15. Barry ot 
six, vairy and gules, Brevves. \6. Gules, two bars, or and argent, Milo. 

v Collins's Peerage by Sir Egerton Bridges. Duke of Newcastle, vol. ii. p 207. 

' Nash, i. 961. 

' Arms in the window, and carved on the ceiling of the parlour at Kinlet, as taken by 
Ashmole, 15 Aug. 1663, which then belonged to Sir William Childe. Ashraole, MSS. vol. 

1 In Coll. Arm. No. 134. f. 89 to 98. 


; Henry III. Hu-lun], 1 . . i t I . t' ( ..rnw.ill. : K:ibel, third .1 m-Wr of Willhm Marshall 

and King of the Romans, | Earl of Pembroke, widow „i' (,'ilbert de 1 .11 ,t l.-,ni»,l 

Kli/idviti. (Liu ami coheir Sir CeoflYey Cornwall, 

,.|" -II I'.rvim l".r:ini]itnn. in- married Mar^.iret. .i.i.iiini 

l.ented Kiul.t. tier -..,,,- h. ,i t-.^i, Uu^h M . .. t r. 

MnrgaretmarrledSirRobt. Lord of Richard - < u.tle, 

Ha.jej Or, abend S uU'<. ami linrfonl in Vl,ro|,.hire. 

Eleanor Beuuih.-inip. sir John P.lount, _ I-.. Ida Mr.i,ntj.._, , 

second wife. I of Sodington. I first wife. 

( ,rr T| M ' rr-; j r _ y- 

: « ..■,..; ; £ 

— fs n — 1 1 i s i « ) 4 

Charles. Humphrey B! . l.l,/.',l„..l, ,1..,-). ■■: !-,!■ Anna. Man, |..l,an,.r, 

RoLort Wilmington, married married mnrried married 

Will .l.iu-,1 ■.'■' \|jn'. John William John JolmCheyney, 

I ...' Ui,l..w,,|.l,,!in Kyone. Gayton. Figott., 
Helves, of Delves 

r Thomas Blount, - — Anne, daughter ,,f Sir John Bio. 

of Kinlet. 21 years 

lt.lhsv.K'.i.ft ,,|'l ,, 

ol Vet, r,r Eye. Eilwar 

A (laughter Margaret, 

Tli.'l OIHey, JohnOteley. 

dasha.npton. in 
A,tleyl , .iri.h,,lie,l 

1 .laugh anil heir 

Bradley, "ills. 

t r~ ~r i i 

, George. s. Isabell. 

augh. of 

Lakvn. Wm Polev.of Ita in 

- ■ who died in 

Eliz. married widow of Dominus 


,i,,rt 1 "■ L • > i ■ i j S (.i-orsc, I-uUs 


Dublin, Wise. 


C.eorge Blount, = 1 


Hall, of the E 1 


Humphrey Blount, = 
fSalop. miles, aged 20, 

rli.Ml.tth, the daughter of 
Hubert WinniiiLTton, of the 

Hi Hen Vlll. 1VJ. L , n '" e 

-- Elizabeth, daugh. and 

heir of John Eve, 

of Eye 

Sir Thomas Blount, 3. Walter. John~Blount, = 
of Kinlet, mar. Anne. 4. Edward. of Eye, in the 

Co. Hereford. 



Dorothy, (laugh, of = Joho Blount. — 
Sir Erancis Lovel, 1 of Eye, E-.j. 

of frimvard, Kilt 

Katlierine. man 
Humphrey L 

of Church Strctton.Co 
.Salop, mar. Elizabeth. 
dau. of Henry Lisle, of Warwick. 

Ell/.ibeth, married John Blount, - 
William lierrington. of Eye, son 

of Hereford. 

daiioliter ol - George lllouni 

llb.'s'r""' H.'"wa,'' thl! felt 

= Dorothy, daugh, 
of Hill Court,' 

Elizabeth, married Richard nliuu, 

Elizabeth, daugh.= 
of James Price, of 

Manangtv, in the 
County of Radnor, 

= John Blount, 


Peace for the 

Thomas Blount. 
„l Rron.vanl. (lent. 

died Jan. 1646-7. 
The first Blount of 

n°Esq. iii'ii'-.'.>''"!r 
jI623. Nov.'lfi78. 

Francis Blount. = 

of Keuswiek. 
died in the life 

of Riles UWniorv, 
Of Colherington. 


luiint, Ei.iin. ,. ilanj 
»iek. | 1 ' ol P,g„, 

■1 EdVarll ltl„.'.i,'l h,l»l,rJ II »!l,!l, 
5 Herbert Blount of Hereford. 

Francis Blount, Maty, dau. of = Walter I 

of Ri.hanr-Ca.. Edw. rd, I ...rd | of Strait, 

tl, ' ., II. r. f„r,l. Brah./o„, „f el.le.t - 

Gent. J 634. Ireland. heir.livir 

= Johanna, daughter of Giles 

1 .[, aged 13. 1. John 
2. Richard. bom 

i Mi iluili _. \ n ne Frani lis. Dlountj Edward Blount, 
i Mary. 4. Susan, eldest son. second son. 

7 Huibuia N. Bridgett. mar 1 . 


Blount, 4. James Blount, = 
1635. of Bromyard, 
as Blount, ob. April, 1708. 

ge Blount, 

= Frances, da. of 1. Robert Blount, = Anne, daugli. of 

Philpnt. of the Tithing of t ock< ol 

ob. Oct. 1733, Whitston, near Crowlc.r He 

1634, living.imt,. .sir John ( oel. 

The last Blount diedabnut lt,;i 

2. George Blount, 

ol Hallow, to. H„re. 


,, ,4j.',i. 

in.hiiv. I'.?'. I, I ..llii.-. 
lied May 20, mai^. June 25, 1708. 

F.l:/: t LiC-t!l \.].:MK. 

= ! ■ -: i- ■ i ■ ' ■■■ )■■ ■ ■- :■ - i !■ ■' r •; - ■ -'■■ <■> ' -.u.r.- 
second wife. I of Bromyard, I Perkins, of Winslow, Faroe, 
'713, Hi yard, died August J. 

Lh/rtkth Blount, 
of 'IVwkslniry. 

r.f John r' i-. I:-). ...f 

Lea Hall, in Yard- 
The lo°t Blount of 

of, I.. In. S Urir.!-.- nnirri.-d tlic lU-v 

north. ICsij. nb. Jan. <20, Lewis Hopkins 

onlv daughter!. 

-jd .Mir. a»ed I 

;::,: /:.',■ 

John Hillier Blount. 

Marv. Mart!,;. Catl.arin 

/ ty John Blount, Etq. 

chap. ii. THE BLOUNTS OF KINLET, &c. 169 

17. Gules, a fesse lozengy of five pieces, or. Newmarch. IS. Azure, 
three circular buckles, or. Remeuile. 19. Or, two ravens, sable. Corbet. 
20. Or, on a chief dancette, azure, three annulets, or. Hereford. 21. 
Argent, a cross patonce, sable. In a canton, gules, a lion's head erased, 
argent, crowned, or. Peshall. 22. Azure, a chevron between three mullets, 
or. Chetwin. 23. Azure, fretty, argent, a fesse, gules. Careswell. 24. 
Quarterly, ermine, and paly of six, or and gules, within a bordure. 
Knighteley. 25. Gules, two bars, ermine. Pantolph. 26. Argent, a 
cross pattee, fleury, sable. Swinerton. 27. Gules, a cross, ermine. Beek. 
28. Azure, a lion rampant, or. A chief, gules. Hastange. 29. Argent, 
a fret, gules, charged in the crossings with bezants. Trussell. 

The Blounts of Yee, or Eye, bore, quarterly. First and fourth, Blount 
nebuly. Second, Ermine, a lion rampant, gules, crowned or, within a 
bordure, ingrailed, sable, charged with eight bezants. Cornwall. Third, 
Argent, a fesse gules, between three peacocks, sable b . 

In another manuscript, in the Herald's College, the Blounts of Eye 
and Osbaston have a bendlet ingrailed azure, over Blount nebuly, and for 
a crest, on a mural coronet, or, a talbot's head, azure, eared or c . 

6 Vincent's Salop. Coll. Arm. c Worcestershire, C. 30. 1634. Coll. Arm. See 

Genealogies, rs O. 9- and 10. Kinlet, Eye, &c. formed from Vincent's Salop, in Coll. Arm. 
Harl. MSS. No 1052. f. 2S. b. No. 1196. f. 75, 97- Sandford's Genealogical History. 
Kennet, Par. Ant. p. 341. from Dugdales MSS. &c. 



The Mountjoy branch. 

THE ancestor of this branch was Sir Walter Blount, whose wife's 
name was Sancha ; but there is much difference in the accounts of the 
descent of this person. By Bigland, in his two genealogies of the 
Sodington and Maple-Durham families, he is stated to have been the eldest 
son of Sir Walter le Blount of Rock, and his only son by his first wife 
Eleanor Beauchamp. Other accounts make him the grandson of Sir 
Walter Blount of Rock, by his wife Johanna de Sodington, and the third 
son of Sir John Blount of Sodington by his wife Isolda Mountjoy. But 
there is sufficient evidence to prove him to have been the third son of Sir 
John Blount of Sodington, the eldest by his second wife, Eleanor 
Beauchamp, or Meriet. 

1. With respect to his father. Sir John Blount is admitted by all to 
have had four sons. Richard Blount, his son and heir, who died without 
issue ; Sir John Blount, who succeeded him in the Sodington estate, and 
of whom I have treated in the account of that branch ; Walter, the third 
son; and Thomas, the fourth". This Walter Blount, the third son, is 
stated by Bigland to have died without issue, but that he is the same per- 
son with Sir Walter Blount, the ancestor of the houses of Mountjoy and 
Maple-Durham, is clear from the following documents. 

2. A pedigree in the Harleian Manuscripts expressly says, that the 
Lord Mountjoy was descended from Sir Walter Blount, the third son of 
Sir John Blount of Sodington, and that he married a Spaniard h . With 
this the Dugdale and illuminated pedigrees agree. 

3. Habington, a correct and well-informed antiquary, in the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, says, " King Edward the Fourth raysed Sir Walter 

1 The names and order of the sons is proved by a deed of settlement. Harl. MSS. No. 
6079- Appendix, No. XV. Art. 1 7- 

b Harl. MSS. No. 11 96. fol. 97, 93, 99, and 75. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 171 

" Blount, Knight, to the dignity of a Baron, with the tytell of the Lord 
" Mountjoye, as descended from John le Blont, and Isolda, the heyre of 
" Sir Rafe MontjoyeV In another place he says, " Sir Walter le Blount 
" of Rock, from whom, by Joan his wife, descended all the Blounts, bee 
" they Lords, Knights, or others : who are deryved from the Blounts of 
" Sodington." And again, " Sir John Blunt, married Isolda Mountjoy, 
" who brought him fayre lands in Derbyshire, and left him fowre sons, of 
" whom towe are most memorable ; Sir John Blount of Sodington, and 
" Sir Walter Blount, the younger brother, but ealder knight, who, or his 
" heyres, obte3'gning from the house of Sodington, the lands of Montjoy, 
" grew into so great a family, as Sir Walter Blount, Knight, was advanced 
' ; by King Edward the Fourth to the dignity of a Baron, and hereupon 
" stiled Lord Montjoy V 

4. By a deed dated at Tuttesbury, in the forty-eighth year of Edward 
the Third, 1374, Sir John Blount, son of Sir John Blount of Sodington, 
released to Sir Walter Blount, his brother, all his right in the lands which 
he had of the gift and feoffment of Dom Henry de Kniveton, Rector of 
the Church of Northbury, and Dom Robert de Kniveton, Rector of the 
Church of Domebrugge, namely, in Gayton, Gildesley, Brichtritfield, 
Morneshall, Langesden, and Tottingley e . In a manuscript of Ashmole, 
is a pedigree agreeing with the Harleian Manuscript, with this note. 
" Sir John Blount of Sodington, who alienated lands to Sir Walter Blount, 
" Knight, his brother, 4S Edward 3. Sir Walter Blount, Knight, married 
" Sanchia f ." These estates are afterwards found in the possession of the 
same Sir Walter Blount, who settled the manor of Gayton, upon his wife 
Sancha, as will be hereafter seen. It continued in his posterity. Upon 
the inquisition taken at the death of his grand-son, the first Lord Mount- 
joy, it was found that he was seised of Brichtritfield, Morneshall, Longes- 
den, and Tottingley P . 

c MSS. History of Worcestershire, in the library of the Antiquarian Society. See Ap- 
pendix, No. XXXVIII. and Collins, vol. ii. p. 368. note. 

rt Habington's MSS. 

" Harl. MSS. No. 6079. Appendix, No. XV. Art. 2. 

1 Ashmole, ±MSS. vol. 846. fol. 19. et sequent. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 22. 

s Escaet. Upon searching at the Tower, no Inquisition upon the death of Sir Walter 
Blount, or of his son Sir Thomas Blount, the Treasurer of Normandy, is to be found. 
z 2 

172 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

The property thus transferred, consisted of the estates of Sir Ralph 
Mountjoy, which Sir John Blount, the father of this Sir John, and of 
Walter, had acquired by his marriage with Isolda Mountjoy 6 . 

The great tests of genealogical accuracy are, the agreement of time, and 
the inheritance of estates. 

5. As to time. Sir Walter Blount of Rock died in 1322. The second 
Sir Walter in 1402, eighty years after him. If he was therefore the eldest 
son of Sir Walter Blount of Rock, and of course had two younger brothers, 
he must have been between eighty and ninety years of age, at least, at his 
death. But he died in battle, performing the office of the King's Stand- 
ard-Bearer, and combating with a degree of activity and vigour, incon- 
sistent with such extreme old age. So as to his supposed brothers, the 
sons of Sir Walter of Rock. His next brother, Sir William, died in 1337 ; 
that is, sixty-five years before him, and his youngest brother, John, in 
13,59; forty-three years before him. This is not according to the usual 
synchronism of families. 

But the supposition, that Sir Walter was the son of Sir John Blount 
agrees perfectly as to time. Sir John died in 1359, just forty-three years 
before Sir Walter ; a very probable interval between the deaths of a father 
and a son. 

6. With respect to the inheritance of the family property. 

If Sir Walter Blount had been the eldest son of Sir Walter Blount of 
Rock, he, and his descendants, the Lords Mountjoy, would have inherited 
from him directlij, the principal part of his estates. No inquisition taken 
after Sir Walter Blount of Rock's death is to be found amongst the records 
in the Tower, to ascertain exactly what estates he died possessed of. Nor 
of his father, Sir William le Blount, which would have shewn what estates 
Sir Walter of Rock inherited. But all the estates which are known to 
have belonged to Sir Walter of Rock, either went in the Sodington branch, 
or, if they were possessed by the Mountjoy branch, can be traced, not 
immediately from Sir Walter of Rock, but mediately through the Soding- 
ton branch. The estates which came by Joanna de Sodington of course 
descended to her children, but of these I am not speaking. 

Rock descended to the Sodington family, and appears, besides other 

i> See Chapter I. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 173 

evidences, as the property of John Blount of Sodington, who married 
Isabel Foulshurst, in the inquisition taken upon his death. 

Timberiake, which was conveyed from Peter le Blount to his brother 
Walter of Rock, belonged to the Sodington branch, as appears by the 
same evidence. 

2. As to his mother. There is the evidence of the illuminated pedigree 
that she was Eleanor Beauchamp, the widow of Sir John Meriet, and the 
second wife of Sir John Blount'. That he was not the son of Isolda 
Mountjoy is consistent with most of the pedigrees, which agree in making 
him the son of Eleanor Beauchamp, though they differ as to his father. 
It is farther proved by the circumstance that neither he or his descendants 
quartered Mountjoy, gules, three escutcheons, or, which is quartered by 
the Sodington family, the descendants of John, the son of Isolda. On 
the other hand, Walter and his descendants have always quartered Beau- 
champ, vairy, argent and azure, which is not quartered by the Sodington 
family k . Sir Walter Blount's acquiring the Mountjoy estates, though by 
purchase from his half brother Sir John, will account for his descendants 
taking the title of Mountjoy. 

Having thus ascertained, and I believe with certainty, the actual descent 
of this branch, I proceed to relate what can be known of the history of 

The first trace we meet with of Sir Walter Blount is, that, in 1367, the 
forty-first year of Edward the Third, he granted to Sir Godfrey Foljambe, 
Knight, the manor of Hasehvode 1 . 

In that year he accompanied the Black Prince, and John of Gaunt, 
upon their expedition into Spain to support Peter King of Castile, against 
Henry de Transtamare, which ended by the splendid victory of Najara, 
and in restoring Peter to his throne™. 

Sir Walter Blount married a Spanish lady, Donna Sancha de Ayala. 
In the usual accounts of the Blount family, her father is said to have been 
Apuela de Ayala ; but the old English histories make great mistakes in 

1 See Book III. Chap. 1. Sodington. 

k As in the arms of the first Lord Mountjoy upon his stall as Knight of the Garter at 
Windsor. See Asmole Garter, 
i R. Dods. MSS. vol. 84. fol. 133. 
m Harl. MSS. No. II96. fol. 75. 97. 98. 99. 

174 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

foreign names, and by searching into the genuine chronicles and genealo- 
gical works of Spain, I have discovered her parents, and have traced her 
family, with the most indisputable accuracy. One of the histories to 
which I have had recourse, was written by her uncle, Don Pedro Lopez 
de Ayala". 

Donna Sancha de Ayala was the daughter of Don Diego Gomez de 
Toledo, Alcalde Mayor, or Chief Justice, of the city of Toledo, and 
Notario Mayor, or principal Secretary, of the kingdom of Toledo, by his 
wife Donna Ines de Ayala, eldest daughter of Don Fernan Perez de 
Ayala. The daughter Sancha, as is not unusual in Spain, inherited her 
mother's name . 

The family of Ayala is one of the most ancient and illustrious of the 
Ricos Hombres, or Grandees, in SpainP. It derives its origin from Don 
Vela de Arragon, Infante of Arragon, to whose son Don Sancho Velasquez, 
Alonzo the Sixth, King of Castille, gave the territory and lordship of 
Ayala, in the year 10?4 q . In the wars against the Saracens, they took 
a distinguished part. The original coat of arms of the lordship, and 
name, was two wolves sable, in a silver field ; to which Ortun Sancho de 
Salzedo r added the eight golden saltiers in a red bordure, in honour of his 

" This authentic piece is given in the Appendix, No. XVI. and a catalogue of other 
Spanish books to which I have referred is in the Appendix, No. XXXVIII. 

° Dona Ines de Ayala, fija primera de Don Fernan Perez de Ayala, caso con Diego 
Gomez de Toledo, Alcalde Mayor de Toledo, e Notario Mayor del Regno de Toledo, e 
ovo del fijos a &c. E ovo fijas a Dona Sancha, que caso con un Cavallero de Inglaterra, 
que dijeron Mossen Gauter Blont, del qual ovo fijos a Mossen Juan Blonte, un buen 
Cavallero, qui murio en la cerca de Roa, &c. Relacion, taken from Don Pedro Lopez de 
Ayala. See Appendix. 

p See the Genealogy of Ayala, No. 1 1. 

i Some ancient memorials relate, that when Alonzo gave him this lordship, he asked the 
consent of his Ricos Hombres, who answering " Aya hi," " let him have it" those words 
became the name of the lordship and family. Nobleza de Andalusia, p. 78. An old poet, 
quoted by de Molina, says, 

" Quien con Ayala se topa, 
" No le faltaran abuelas." P. 79. 
" He who is connected with Ayala will never want ancestors." 

r It is difficult to explain the changes of name which so frequently occur in Spanish 
families, from their intermarriages with other houses. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 177 

having fought at the capture of the city of Baeca, under the banner of 
Don Lope Diaz de Haro, in 1227. Many of the bearings in the Spanish 
coats of arms were adopted upon similar occasions, and particularly crosses 
of various kinds, which are considered as noble distinctions . 

By a marriage with Donna Maria de Salzedo, they had acquired that 
lordship, and name. Upon the failure of male heirs; with Donna Maria de 
Salzedo, great grand-daughter of the former, the lordship of Ayala passed 
to Don Pero Velaz de Guevara. In the second generation, the male de- 
scendants became again extinct, and the heiress Donna Elvira Sanchez 
was united to Don Pero Lopez de Ayala, son of Don Lope Ruys, third 
son of Don Lope Diaz de Haro, Lord of Biscay, by Donna Urraca 
Alfonsa, daughter of Don Alonso, King of Leon. And thus the future 
family of Ayala were the male descendants of the noble house of de Haro, 
the greatest heroes in the conquest of Spain from the Moors d . 

The marriage of Don Pero Lopez de Ayala, his grandson, with Donna 
Sancha Fernandez Barroso, brought the accession of great property at 
Toledo; which became then the residence of the family e . 

His son, Don Fernan Perez, had three sons and eight daughters. The 
eldest, Don Pedro Lopez de Ayala, uncle to our Donna Sancha, was 
illustrious both in arts and arms. He was Lord of Ayala, Great Chan- 
cellor of Castile, Great Chamberlain to King John the First, Alferez 
Mayor del Pendon de la Vanda, or Standard Bearer, Royal Judge and 
Superintendant of the Merino flocks of Guipuscoa, and the first Lord of 
the city of Salvatierra. He was counsellor to the sovereigns in whose 
reigns he lived, and much in their confidence, was employed in several 
embassies, and fought in the celebrated battles of Najara and Aljubarrota. 
Besides his talents as a lawyer, a politician, and a soldier, he was one of 
the most learned men of his age. He procured translations to be made of 
Livy, the History of Troy, Boetius, the Morals of Saint Gregory, and 
other Latin writers ; and he wrote a Chronicle of the Kings of Castile, 
Don Pedro, Don Henry the Second, Don John the First, and part of 
Henry the Third, with whom he was contemporary, and which is con- 

« Ibid. The original arms were, dos lobos negros en campo de plats; the addition, la 
orla de las ocho aspas de ore en campo roxo. Nobleza del Andaluzia, p. 79. 

d Ibid. 

e The account of the family thus far is taken from the histories of it, written by Don 
Pedro Lopez de Ayala, the Chancellor. 

2 A 


Lope SancJiei de Ayab. Rico Horot.r. 

i Velasquez dc Ayola. = 1 

•«,„Lo,.,zJcAy»b. --: 


■ , , :ii 
V.l... ]...|,i* . Domi.i .lc I J)..:m.i Khirn 

-,r,i L..r.t «r .lum |{mlri.|i>i-z 3, Donna Sanchi 


I Dka .1, Vdn»co. Ayala. 

Don Pedro Lopez de AyaJa, - 
tliird Guide deFuensalida, 

,, , 'l j 1 1 I ' ! r . i / " 1 u 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 177 

having fought at the capture of the city of Baeca, under the banner of 
Don Lope Diaz de Haro, in 1227. Many of the bearings in the Spanisli 
coats of arms were adopted upon similar occasions, and particularly crosses 
of various kinds, which are considered as noble distinctions . 

By a marriage with Donna Maria de Salzedo, they had acquired that 
lordship, and name. Upon the failure of male heirs ; with Donna Maria de 
Salzedo, great grand-daughter of the former, the lordship of Ayala passed 
to Don Pero Velaz de Guevara. In the second generation, the male de- 
scendants became again extinct, and the heiress Donna Elvira Sanchez 
was united to Don Pero Lopez de Ayala, son of Don Lope Ruys, third 
son of Don Lope Diaz de Haro, Lord of Biscay, by Donna Urraca 
Alfonsa, daughter of Don Alonso, King of Leon. And thus the future 
family of Ayala were the male descendants of the noble house of de Haro, 
the greatest heroes in the conquest of Spain from the Moors d . 

The marriage of Don Pero Lopez de Ayala, his grandson, with Donna 
Sancha Fernandez Barroso, brought the accession of great property at 
Toledo; which became then the residence of the family 6 . 

His son, Don Fernan Perez, had three sons and eight daughters. The 
eldest, Don Pedro Lopez de Ayala, uncle to our Donna Sancha, was 
illustrious both in arts and arms. He was Lord of Ayala, Great Chan- 
cellor of Castile, Great Chamberlain to King John the First, Alferez 
Mayor del Pendon de la Vanda, or Standard Bearer, Royal Judge and 
Superintendant of the Merino flocks of Guipuscoa, and the first Lord of 
the city of Salvatierra. He was counsellor to the sovereigns in whose 
reigns he lived, and much in their confidence, was employed in several 
embassies, and fought in the celebrated battles of Najara and Aljubarrota. 
Besides his talents as a lawyer, a politician, and a soldier, he was one of 
the most learned men of his age. He procured translations to be made of 
Livy, the History of Troy, Boetius, the Morals of Saint Gregory, and 
other Latin writers ; and he wrote a Chronicle of the Kings of Castile. 
Don Pedro, Don Henry the Second, Don John the First, and part of 
Henry the Third, with whom he was contemporary, and which is con- 

<= Ibid. The original arms were, dos lobos negros en campo de plata; the addition, la 
orla de las ocho aspas de oro en eampo roxo. Nobleza del Andaluzia p. 79 

A Ibid. 

e The account of the family thus far is taken from the histories of it, written by Don 
Pedro Lopez de Ayala, the Chancellor. 

2 A 

178 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book in. 

sidered as a history of the highest authority f . He wrote also some gene- 
alogical works, a book on Fowling, dedicated to the Bishop of Burgos, 
and a poem entitled Rimado de Palacio, in verses of fourteen syllables. 
He died in 1407, aged seventy-five years s. 

The eldest son of Pedro Lopez, Fernan Perez de Ayala, was the 
ancestor of the Condes of Salvatierra. 

His second son, Pedro Lopez de Ayala, acquired the lordship of Fuen- 
salida ; and his eldest son, Don Pedro Lopez de Ayala, for his services to 
Henry the Fourth, particularly in quelling a rebellion at Toledo, was 
created Conde de Fuensalida, the 20th of November, 1470, by 
letters patent, in which he is styled Alcalde Mayor de Toledo, and of the 
King's council 1 '. 

By the failure of males, after the death of the third Conde, Don Pedro 
Lopez de Ayala, the name, property, and honours, were transferred with 
Donna Maria de Ayala, y Silva, to Don Fadrique Manrique de Zuniga. 
son of Don Antonio de Zuniga, Captain General and Governor of Cata- 

Their son Don Alvaro de Ayala, who did not live to be Conde de 
Fuensalida, was Chamberlain, and Grand Huntsman, (Montero Mayor,) 
to Charles the Fifth, King of Spain, and married Catalina Manrique, lady 
to Queen Isabella. 

Their son, Don Pedro Lopez de Ayala, the fourth Count of Fuensalida, 
succeeded his great uncle in 1537, and being only ten years of age was 
bred up with Philip the Second, enjoyed high offices under him, and was 
much in his confidence. He accompanied him to England when he came 
over to marry Queen Marvin 154-5, was with him in all the most im- 
portant transactions of his reign, and died in 1599. 

Besides the Condes de Fuensalida, other noble houses were of this 

family ; the Condes de Salvatierra de Alava ; the Senores de Peromoro ; 

those of Cebolla y Castilla de Villalva, and some others. And many of 

the descendants from females inherited the name, and arms, of Ayala. 

From the want of sufficient documents I have not been able to continue 

' It is republished at Madrid in 1779, in two vols. 4to. amongst the original histories of 
Spain, which have been printed in a manner becoming a great nation. See Appendix. 

-' Preface to his Cronica, Cazas de kis Aves, Mariana, lib. xix. cap. 16, Sec. 

h The letters patent of Henry IV. are printed in De Haro, voL i. page 513, from whence 
they are transcribed by Selden in his Titles of Honour, page 610. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 179 

the descent lower than the ninth Conde de Fuensalida, in 1696. The 
present representative of the family is the Duke de Frias y Uceda, 
Ambassador from the King of Spain to the King of Great Britain in 1S21. 
Amongst his many family names he bears that of Lopez de Ayala ; he 
quarters the arms of that family; and in the list of his numerous titles is 
that of Conde de Fuensalida. To his Grace's personal politeness and 
attention, I am indebted for the knowledge of this circumstance, and other 
information relating to the family 1 . 

But to return to Sancha de Ayala. The eldest of the eight daughters 
of Don Fernan Perez de Ayala, and his wife Donna Elvira Alvarez de 
Zavallos, and the sister of the Chancellor, was Donna Ines Alfon de 
Ayala, who was married to Don Diego Gomez de Toledo, Alcalde Mayor 
of that city. They had two sons, and five daughters. The eldest son, 

' The coat of arms of Ayala is thus blazoned in the Nobiliario Genealogico, vol. i. p. SOS. 
vol. ii. p. 126. En campo de plata, dos lobos grietados andantes de su color, con ocho 
aspas de oro, en orlo Colorado. That is, argent, two wolves passant, proper, or sable. On 
a bordure gules, eight saltiers or. I do not know the meaning of grietados, nor of cevados, 
applied to the wolves, in another account, vol. ii. page 41 S. The arms of Castile are, gules, 
a tower, or. 

The names of the Duke de Frias y Uceda, are, Don Bernardino Fernandez de Velasco, 
Enriquez de Guzman, Lopez Pacheco, Tellez Giron, Benavides, Fernandez de Cordoba, 
Gomez de Sandoval y Roxas, Guzman, Tovar, Suarez y Alvarez de Toledo, Portocarrero, 
Carrillo de Castilla, Benavides, Vigil de Quinones, Cordoba, Portugal, Pimentel, Braca- 
monte, Zuiiiga y Requesens, Lopez de Ayala, Cardenas y Figueroa, Cortes de Arellanos, 
Mendoza, Aragon y Luna. 

His titles are, Duke de Frias y de Uceda ; Marques de Villena ; Conde de Alva de Liste, 
de Haro, de Montalvan, de Salazar, de Pinto, de Penaranda de Brancamonte, de Luna, 
de Fuensalida, Colmenar, Oropesa, Alcaudete, y Deleytosa ; Marques de Fromista, de 
Caracena, de Berlanga, de Toral, del Fresno, de Cilleruelo, de Frechilla y Villarramiel, 
Jarandilla y Villar de Gajanejos; Grande de Espania of the first class; Grand Cross of the 
Royal and distinguished Spanish Order of Charles the Third; Knight of the Military 
Order of Calatrava, and of San Fernando, of the first class ; decorated with the Cross of 
Talavera, that of the second and third army, and with the Medal del Sufrimiento de la 
Patria ; Gentleman of the Chamber to his Catholic Majesty ; Colonel of Horse, and 
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary from his Catholic Majesty to his Britannic 

The first Duke was Don Bernardino de Velasco, third Conde de Haro, Constable of 
Castile. Berni, Creation, &c. de los Titulos de Castilla, 1769, page 173. Fuensalida 
is" a small town near Madrid. Lopez is now part of the family name — Lopez de Ayala 
2 A 2 


Don Pedro Suarez de Ayala, succeeded his father as Alcalde, and had 
children. Fernando, the other son, died a boy. The daughters were, 
Sancha, the eldest, the wife of Sir Walter Blount; Teresa, Aldonza, 
Mencia, and Donna Mayor, who were all married. 

The family of Ayala was much in favour with the royal family of Spain, 
and enjoyed their particular confidence. You have seen the high offices 
which were filled by the Chancellor, Sancha's uncle. Donna Teresa de 
Ayala, her next sister, was educated in the palace of Don Pedro, King of 
Castile, with his daughters, and only children, the Infantas Constantia 
and Isabella: who afterwards became the wives of John of Gaunt Duke of 
Lancaster, and his brother Edmund, Duke of York. Whilst she was 
living in his family, and was very young, Don Pedro became enamoured 
of Donna Teresa de Ayala, carried her off by force, and had a daughter 
by her named Donna Maria. She afterwards married Don Juan Nunez 
de Aguilar, by whom she had no children. After the death of her husband, 
she quitted the world, and became prioress of the monastery of Santo 
Domingo el Real, at Toledo : to which she was a great benefactress, and 
which flourished greatly under her wise regulations, and exemplary con- 
duct. Her daughter Donna Maria became a nun in the same convent. 

Upon the death of Don Pedro, in 1369, his throne was usurped by his 
illegitimate brother, Henry de Trastamara, who had rebelled, and murdered 
him. His two daughters, to avoid a similar fate, fled into the English 
territories in France, and took refuge in Gascony. Edward the Third, 
who had reinstated their father in his kingdom by the splendid victory at 
Najara, which was gained by the Black Prince, was their natural pro- 
tector. The Duke of Lancaster caused the two Infantas to be conducted 
to Bourdeax, and from thence to England. In the year 1372, he married 
Constantia, the eldest daughter, and the heiress of the thrones of Castile 
and Leon ; and his brother Edmund, afterwards Duke of York, took to 
wife Isabella, the youngest sister. In consequence of this marriage the 
Duke of Lancaster assumed the title of King of Castile and Leon, and 
was summoned to Parliament by that name". 

During this time, the Infanta Constantia was accompanied by Donna 

Sandford's Genealogical History, page 250. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 181 

Sancha de Ayala, who came with her to England 1 . Sir Walter Blount, 
who had been in Spain with the Prince of Wales, and enjoyed the friend- 
ship of the Duke of Lancaster, was thus introduced to her acquaintance, 
and a mutual attachment was formed, which ended in their marriage : pro- 
bably between the years 1372, and 1374. From the greatness of her 
family and connexions, and the large settlement which was made upon 
her by her husband, it may be assumed that she brought him a consider- 
able fortune. 

Ashmole has preserved part of a letter, out of the muniments of the 
Mountjoy family, from the Queen of Castile to Donna Sancha, and which 
I apprehend was written by Constance, the wife of the Duke of Lancaster, 
who was so styled, and about the years 1373, or 137-t™. 

" A letter written from the Queen of Castile and Lions to Dame 
" Zanche de Ayala, Englished out of Spanish, in this manner, with hir 
" seale at it. 

" Por la Reyna de Castelia e de Leon a donnia Zanchia de Ayala. 

" I, the Queene of Castile and Lions, send much health to you Dame 
" Zanchia de Ayala, as to hir I much esteeme, and to whom I wish much 
" honor, and good fortunes. I give you to understand that I have the 
" letter you sent me, and towching the effect thereof about Casarminas, 
" God knoweth, as well in this as in all other things, wherein I could 
" helpe you, or do you a favor, that I would do it very willingly, having 
" a regard to all the services, and things which by your letter you send 
" unto me. But for as much as I ame with childe, and this Sunday 
" which past was the eighth day of the moneth " 

The next leaf of the manuscript, which contained the remainder of the 
letter, is unfortunately torn out ; and the deficiency cannot now be sup- 
plied. The writer, and the date, I think may be ascertained from the 

1 Rawlinson's MSS. Part B. vol. 73. fol. 3. " Zanchia de Ayala, a Castilian lady, who 
" came into England with Constance, wife of John of Gaunt, daughter of Peter, King of 
" Castile." 

'" Ashmole MSS. vol. 846. fol. 19. No. 9. 

182 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

following considerations. The Queen mentions that she was in a way to 
become a mother. Of the Queens of Castile, who had infants in the lite 
time of Sancha, it could scarcely have been the wife of Don Pedro, as 
Sancha was very young even at the time of his death, and was contem- 
porary with his only daughters. From his death in 1369, to 1388, Sancha 
was in England, and was living with Constantia, who was at enmity with 
the reigning family of Spain. No friendly communication could have 
taken place between her and the Queens who were upon the throne, till 
a reconciliation took place upon the marriage of the Infante Henry, with 
Catherine, in the latter year. The letter could hardly have been written 
so late as the time when Catherine was become Queen, and had her three 
children in 1402, 1405, and 1406, as Donna Sancha had been long absent 
from Spain, and her husband was then dead. It is pretty evident therefore 
that this letter was written by Constantia, the Duchess of Lancaster, who 
assumed the style of Queen of Castile and Leon, with whom Sancha came 
to this country; and as her only daughter Catherine was fourteen years old 
at her marriage in 1388, she must have been born in 1374, and the letter 
written in that, or the preceding year. From the letter not much is to be 
learned, except the friendship which the Queen entertained for Sancha. 
Who Casarminas was, or upon what occasion it was written, cannot per- 
haps now be known. It is not improbable that he was in the service of 
the Queen, and this was to intercede for his advancement. Sancha, as a 
lady of family, would retain her original name after her marriage. 

We have before seen, that in the forty-eighth of Edward the Third, 1374, 
his brother, John Blount of Sodington, released to him his lands in Gay- 
ton, Gildesley, Brichtrichfield, Morneshall, Longesden, and Tottingley, 
the property of the Mountjoy family. There are other documents relating 
to the same estates. 

In the first year of Richard the Second, 1377, Sir Walter appointed an 
attorney to deliver to William Chisselden the manor of Gayton, in Staf- 
fordshire, Haselwood, Geldersley, Brightrichfield, Mornsale Parva, and 
Longsearch, perhaps Longesden". In the fifth year of the same reign, 
he released to John Blount of Sodington, his brother, all his lands in 

n Ashmole MSS. Appendix, Xo. XVIII. Art. 30. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 183 

Denston, Quexhull, Ethelaston, and Watfall, by a deed dated at Denston . 
In the eighth year of Richard, 13S4, John Blount of Sodington released 
to John de Kniveton of Bradeley all his right in lands in Morneshall, and 
in Money-Meadow in the fee of Underwood, which Sir Walter Blount, 
and Sir John Fawconer held in common. The deed is sealed with the 
arms of Sodington, the three leopards' heads p . In the twelfth of Richard. 
1388, John Kniveton of Bradley released certain rents to William Faw- 
coner 1 !, a nd by another deed, a rent of eleven marks in Gayton, to Sir 
Walter Blount'. In a deed without date, John de Kniveton of Brad- 
ley, Sir Walter Blount, and John Fawconer, complain of a trespass in 
Gayton s . 

In 1381, Sir Walter purchased the very extensive property of the 
Bakepuiz family, of which the principal seat was at Barton Bakepuiz, in 
Derbyshire, but only three miles from Tutbury, in Staffordshire*. It 
consisted of the manor of Barton Bakepuiz ; the manors of Bakepuiz, 
and Hackluit, in the parish of Allexton, in Leicestershire ; Brimsweil, 
Rumpton, Alcmanton, and the advowson of the Hospital there, Holand, 
Riseley, Aysendon, in Hertfordshire ; Bentley, Dalbury, and Holing- 

Of this family, long since extinct, but which was of great consequence 
formerly, it may be proper to give some account. 

Bakepuiz came over with William the Conqueror, and in 1067, 
Athelelm, and Ralph Bakepuiz, gave to the Abbey of Abingdon, the 
church of Kingestuna, Kingston Bakepuiz, in Berkshire". In the twenty- 
fifth year of Edward the First, 1296, John de Bakepuiz held the manor 
and advowson of Barton Bakepuiz for one fee, and Ralph Bakepuiz held 
Alcmanton manor, and lands in Holand for the third part of a fee". 

° Harl. No. 6079 Appendix, No. XV. Art. 20. 

p Ashmole MSS. Appendix, No. XVII I. Art. 22. 

' Ibid. Art. 31. 

' Ibid Art. 34. 

6 Ibid. Art. 33. 

1 Nichols, vol. iii. p. 5. 

" Cotton MSS. Claudius B. VI. Regist. deAbbendon. Nichols, vol. iii. p. 

" Escaet. in anno. R. Dods. vol. 134. f. 97. 


Of their successors may be formed the following pedigree. 

"l , 

i | 

Henry Bakepuiz. Robert de Bakepuiz = the sister of 

Without issue. I Robert Grimbald. 

I I | 1 

.de Boschervilla=Aeliza, or Robert de Bake- Thomas John de 

I Alice. puiz junior. de Bakepuiz. Bakepuiz. 

J _ I 

John de Boschervilla=Matilda. Helena. Peter de Nicholas de Bakepuiz, 

| Bakepuiz. who sold the estates 

| to Sir Walter Blount 

Simon de Boschervilla. in 1381. 

Robert de Bakepuiz founded an hospital for female lepers, dedicated to 
Saint Leonard, at Alcmanton, to which his son, John de Bakepuiz, was a 
benefactor'. By a deed without date, Alice, daughter of Robert de Bake- 
puiz, granted to John de Bakepuiz, her brother, all her land in Allaxton. 
She mentions Robert Grimbaude, her uncle, and John her son z . John 
de Boschervilla, son of Alice, confirmed to John de Bakepuiz, his uncle, 
the manor of Allaxton, as freely as Robert Grimbald, and Aeliza, his 
mother, had granted it to him : to hold of Robert Grimbald, in his court, 
being advocate of the said fee". John de Bakepuiz, by an undated deed, 
granted to Nicholas, his son, a virgate of land in Allaxton, half a meadow 
in Brimswold, land between le Edeen de Hornicald, and the road to 
Northampton. The seal is a lion rampant. Peter de Bakepuiz confirmed 
the grant b . Robert de Bakepuiz, son of Robert, confirmed his father's 
grant to his brother John, of lands in Rumpton, and Aysendon'. 

Nicholas de Bakepuiz, the son of John, was the person who sold the 
property to Sir Walter Blount. In the progress of this transaction, first, 
there is a bond for one thousand pounds, from Nicholas Bakepuiz of Barton 
Bakepuiz to Sir Walter, dated at Tuttebury, in the fifth year of Richard 
the Second, 1381. It has the seal of Nicholas Bakepuiz, with his arms ; 
two bars : in chief three horseshoes d . 

Next by a charter of the same year, Nicholas Bakepuiz sold to Walter 

y Dugd. MSS. vol. 39. f. 87- Appendix, No. XVIII. * Ashmole MSS. Appendix, 
XVIII. Art. 54. a Ashmole MSS. ibid. Art. 51. Curia Roberti de Grimbaude, qui ad- 

vocatus est ipsius feodi. b Ashmole MSS. ibid. Art. 52, 53, and 56. c Ibid. Art. 55. 
* Dugdale MSS. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 1C. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 185 

Blount, Knight, Sanchia his wife, and Walter their son, the manor and 
advovvson of Barton Bakepuiz, the manors of Bentley, Dalbury, and 
Holington, and the advowson of the hospital of Alcmonton-Spitle. Johanna, 
the wife of William Bakepuiz, held the third part of the manor of Barton in 
dower e . A fine, I suppose, was levied to complete the conveyance. For 
a suit was instituted, of which the writ was tested the 20th of April, in the 
sixth year of Richard the Second, 1382, in which Nicholas Bakepuiz com- 
plains that Walter Blount, Sanchia, his wife, and Walter, their son, had 
disseized him of his franctenement in Barton Bakepuiz, since the first 
voyage of our Lord the King Henry, son of King John, to Gascony f . 
In the eighth of Richard the Second, 1384, Helena Bakepuiz, daughter 
of Thomas Bakepuiz, appointed an attorney to deliver her lands in Barton 
Bakepuiz to Nicholas de Knyveton*. 

By a deed without date, William Wincley, and others, released to Sir 
Walter Blount, all their lands in Barton Bakepuiz, Alcmanton, Boylston, 
Sutton, Lutchurch, Brightrichfeyld, Langedon, Totinley, Hasilwood near 
Duffield, Newton near Dalbury, Spendon, and Saperton, in the county of 
Derby, Gayton and Tutbury, in Staffordshire, Allexton, Est Norton, 
Leicester, and Befford, in Leicestershire, and Ekton, in Northampton- 
shire 11 . 

In the ninth year of Richard the Second, 13S.5, he obtained a charter 
for a fair, and a free warren in his demesne lands at Barton, Alkementon, 
Saperton, and Holinton, in Derbyshire'. 

After this purchase, Sir Walter, by a deed of feoftment, settled a great 
number of estates, upon Thomas Langley, Bishop of Durham, and Keeper 
of the Privy Seal to Henry the Fourth, and John Baysham, Clerk, in 
trust for the benefit of his wife and children. These were the manors of 
Barton, Sapirton, Sutton, Lutchurche, Haselwood, Adloxton, and Belton ; 
the reversion of the manor of Falde ; all his lands in Dalbary, Hollington, 

e R. Dods. MSS. vol. 126. f. 29. Ashmole, ibid. Art. 25. Walter must have been a son 
who died young, as his name does not afterwards appear, and Sir Walter was succeeded 
by his son Thomas. 

' Dugdale MSS. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 7. This was the limitation in writs of 
Novel Disseizin, by the Statute of Merton. 20 Hen. III. cap. 8. 

« Dugdale MSS. ibid. Art. 17. " Ashmole MSS. ibid. Appendix, Art. 47. 

* Rot. Pat. 9 and 10 Ri. II. Dugdale, Baron, vol. i. p. 518. 
2 B 

186 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

Boylston, Leicester, Befford, Peeke, Scarsedale, Stapenhull, Gay ton, 
Tuttebury, and Burton, and elsewhere in the counties of Derby, Stafford, 
Leicester, and Rutland 15 . 

In the year 1386, the Duke of Lancaster went into Spain to enforce his 
title to the throne of Castile and Leon, which he claimed in right of his 
wife Constance, the eldest daughter of Don Pedro, the cruel, the last 
legitimate sovereign. He took with him fifteen hundred knights, the 
flower of the English chivalry, and was accompanied by his Duchess 
Constance; by Catherine, his daughter by Constance; and by Philippa and 
Isabella, his two daughters by his former wife Blanch. It is extremely 
probable, from the friendship which subsisted between him and the Duke, 
and from his Spanish connexions, that Sir Walter Blount may be enume- 
rated amongst these gallant knights, and that Donna Sancha accompanied 
the Duchess 1 . Before, in the first year of Richard the Second, 1377, 
when the Duke of Lancaster intended going into Spain, letters of pro- 
tection were granted to Walter Blount, and Sir John Blount of Beversbrok 
in Wiltshire, and others, who were going abroad in the company of John, 
King of Castile". 

The transactions which took place upon this expedition are well known : 
and that it ended in a peace between John the First, King of Castile, the 
son of Henry de Trastamara, and the Duke of Lancaster: upon the con- 
ditions that the Infant Don Henry, who was made Prince of Asturias, and 
was son and heir to John, should marry the Duke's daughter Catherine : 
and that the Duke should renounce his claims to the crown of Castile. 

Upon this occasion no personal interview took place between the King 
and the Duke : nor were either the Duke, or his Duchess, present at the 
ceremony of the marriage. The Duke was at Bayonne, which belonged 
to the English, and the whole affair was managed by ambassadors. One 
of the principal persons employed in this intercourse was Sancha's uncle, 
the Chancellor Don Pedro Lopez de Ayala". When all was concluded, 
and the treaty and contract were signed, the King of Spain sent prelates, 
lords, knights, and ladies, to the city of Fontarrabia to receive the princess 
Catherine, and conduct her to Palencia. She was brought to Fontarrabia 

* Dugdale MSS. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 6. ' Froissart, in 9 Rich. II. 1385. 

&c. Mariana. m In Comitiva Johannis Regis Castillae. Rym. vol. vii. p. 186. that is. 

the Duke of Lancaster. n Mariana. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 187 

under the care of some of the principal of the Duke's knights, and ladies. 
It seems extremely probable that Sir Walter Blount, and Donna Sancha, 
were of the number . Don John and his son Don Henry came to Pa- 
lencia, where the ceremony of betrothment took place, in 138S. Great 
banquets, tournaments, and other festivities were celebrated, and great 
presents given to the English Knights p . 

After the ceremony was concluded, the Duchess of Lancaster paid the 
King of Spain a visit at Medina del Campo. Whilst she was in Spain, 
the Duke of Lancaster sent ambassadors to the King to propose an inter- 
view. The King set out upon his journey, but was taken ill at Burgos, 
and was unable to accomplish his design. Upon this he sent the Duchess 
from Victoria, to her husband at Bayonne, and for her greater honour she 
was attended by Don Pedro Lopez de Ayala, the Bishop of Osma, and 
the King's Confessor, Hernando de Illescas, who were charged to make 
the King's excuses for declining the proposed interview, on account of his 
illness, the badness of the roads, and the snowy mountains which lay 
between them. This was in 1389 q . 

As a farther proof of the confidence with which Don Pedro Lopez de 
Ayala was treated by his sovereign, after the death of John the First, in 
1390, whilst the Cortes was debating about the settlement of the kingdom, 
Don Henry being only twelve years of age, Don Pedro informed the 
assembly of a will made by the late King, with which they were un- 
acquainted, but which they thought proper to set aside r . 

From the youth of the parties, Don Henry being only nine years of 
age, and Catherine fourteen s , they were only affianced. The marriage 

El Rey envio perlados, seriores, caballeros, e duenas (senores y senoras. Ferraras.) a 
la villa de Fuenterrabia, que esperazen y a la Princese Dona Catalina, e viniesen con ella, 
e alii troxaron a la Principese. Caballeros del Duque. Cronicas de Don Pedro Lopez de 

p Fueran fechas muy grandes allegrias, e muy grandes fiestas, e niuchas torneos e justas, 
e el Rey dio de sus joyas a los Cabelleros Ingleses que el Duque de Alencaster enviara con 
la princesa su hija. Ibid. Mariana, and Ferraras, Synopsis, vol. viii. p. 343. 

■* En su compania, para mas honrolla, embio a Pero Lopez de Ayala, y al Obispo de 
Osma, y a su Confessor fray Hernando de Illescas, de la orden de San Francisco, con orden 
de escusalle con el Duque de la habla, por su poca saiud, y por las montes que estavan en 
el camino, cubiertas de nieve y asperas. Cronica de Pedro de Ayala. 

' Cronica. Chap. 15. and Mariana. 

s Don Pedro de Ayala, a contemporary, says she was fourteen ; and he is followed by 
2 B 2 

188 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

ceremony was performed after his accession to the throne, in 1393. Upon 
this betrothment the Duke of Lancaster laid aside the title of King of 
Castile. His Duchess, Constance, lived with him twenty-two years, 
died in 1394, and was buried in the Collegiate Church of our Lady at 
Leicester. She had no other child than her daughter Catherine*. 

In 1393, Sir Walter granted to William de Wynceby, and John 
Seggevaux, Clerks, John Fitzherbert, and Henry de Tytonsore, Chaplains, 
all his lands in Burton upon Trent, Brandeston, in Staffordshire, and 
Stapenhull, in Derbyshire, by a deed dated at Burton u . 

There is a deed of Sir Walter Blount and Sanchia, dated in the twentieth 
year of Richard, 1396*- 

In the twenty-second of Richard the Second, 1398, he farmed two parts 
of the manor of Fenwick in Yorkshire, one third part being assigned to 
Constance, widow of Hugh Hastings, as her dower. For this he paid 
the King £l6 17s. 2d. ob. And he paid likewise a rent of £23 3s. Sd. 
for the manor of Norton in Yorkshire, and £4> 13*. Ad. for the demesne 
lands y. 

In the year 139S, John, Duke of Lancaster, for the good and acceptable 
service which Walter Blunte and the Lady Sencia, his wife, had performed 
to the aforesaid Duke, and to his dearest consort, Constance, Queen of 
Castile, &c, granted to the aforesaid Walter, and Sencia, one hundred 
marks a year for the term of their lives, from the issues of his manor of 
Herlington in the Peke, in the county of Derby. Which grant was con- 
firmed by the King 2 . 

The Duke likewise in his will dated at Leicester, February the 5th, 

Ferraras. Mariana makes her nineteen, but as her mother was married in 1372, she could 
not have been so old. 

• Sandford. " Dugdale MSS. Appendix, No. XVI II Art. 10. « Ashmole MSS. 
i R. Dods. MSS. vol. 39. f. 67. 

* Pat. anno 52 Rich. II. pars 3. m. 24. 

Johannes Dux Lancastrian pro bono et acceptabili servicio, quod Walterus Blunte, et 
Domina Sencia, uxor ejus, fecerunt prajfato Duci, et clarissima? coneerti sua', Constanciae, 
Regius Castilla? &c, concessit prefato Waltero, et Sencia;, 100 merkas, ad terminum vitas 
eorum, per annum, de exitibus manerii sui de Hertington in le Peke, in Comitatu Derb. 
&c. Confirmatur inde a Rege. Vincent's Visitation of Salop, No. 134. page 93. In Col- 
legio Armorum. It is evident from this and other documents, that the Duke of Lancaster, 
though he had renounced his right to the Crown of Castile, still retained the tide, at least 
as to his Queen. 



139S, appointed Sir Walter one of his executors, and left him a legacy of 
one hundred marks' 1 . 

He was Ranger of Needwood Forest b , and in the first year of Henry 
the Fourth, 1399, with Sir John Curson, was a Knight in Parliament for 
Derbyshire . 

In the fourth year of Henry the Fourth, 1402, being the King's Stand- 
ard bearer, and wearing his coat-armour, in the battle of Shrewsbury, he 
was slain, and was buried in Saint Mary's Church, in Leicester d . There 
is no Inquisitio post mortem to be found at the Tower. 

The will of Sir Walter Blount is dated at Lyverpole, the 16th of De- 
cember, 1401. He directs his body to be buried in the church of Saint 
Mary of Newerk, at Leicester. He mentions his wife Sanchia as living, 
his sons John, Thomas, and James : his daughters, Constantia, Baroness 
of Dudley, and Anna Griffith. The Executor is John Blount, his brother, 
and he appointed as Supervisors of his Will, his cousin, Thomas Foljambe, 
and Thomas Langley, Keeper of the King's Privy Seal. It was proved 
the 1st of August, 1403 e . 

The memory of Sir Walter Blount has been embalmed by the immortal 
muse of Shakespear, and his name and virtues will endure as long as the 
English language. It may seem extraordinary, in a narrative of facts, to 
quote the authority of a poet, but Shakespear was scrupulously correct in 
his historic scenes, and in the delineation of real characters ; and his lu- 
minous representation of former events, and ancient manners, are supported 
by the testimony of graver historians. In his drama are exhibited, in 
glowing colours, the fidelity, the amiable and peace-making disposition, 
the activity, and the bravery of Sir Walter, who sacrificed his own life to 
the safety of his sovereign f . 

1. When he comes to bring news of the battle of Holmedon, 

Here, says King Henry, is a dear and true industrious friend, 
Sir Walter Blount, new lighted from his horse, 
Stained with the variation of each soil 
Betwixt that Holmedon, and this seat of ours: 

' Nicholls, Leicestershire, vol. i. page 240. b Notes from Records. Coll. Arm. 

c R. Dods. MSS. vol. 82. f. 2. d Dugd. Baron, vol. i. p. 518. Note to Peacham, 1661. 

p. 2.S0. ' Dugdale MSS. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 1 8. f See first part of Henry IV. 

190 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

And he has brought us smooth and welcome news. 
The Earl of Douglas is discomfited. 
Ten thousand bold Scots, three and twenty knights, 
Balked in their own blood, did Sir Walter see 
On Holmedon's plains 

2. After Hotspur had so pleasantly defended himself against the charge 
of refusing to deliver up his prisoners, Sir Walter intercedes in his favour 
with the King. 

The circumstance considered, good my lord, 
Whatever Harry Percy then had said, 
To such a person, and in such a place, 
At such a time, with all the rest retold, 
May reasonably die, and never rise 
To do him wrong, or any way impeach 
What then he said, so he unsay it now. 

3. He brings intelligence of the collected forces of the rebels at Shrews- 
bury, when Henry addresses him, 

How now, good Blount? Thy looks are full of speed. 

So is the business that I come to speak of. 
Lord Mortimer of Scotland hath sent word, 
That Dowglas, and the English rebels met, 
Th' eleventh of this month at Shrewsbury; 
A mighty and a fearful head they are, 
If promises be kept on every hand, 
As ever offered foul play in a state. 

4. Before the battle of Shrewsbury he is sent by the King with pro- 
posals of peace and pardon to the rebels, who bear testimony to his 


1 come with gracious offers from the King, 
If you vouchsafe me hearing and respect. 

Hotspur replies. 
Welcome, Sir Walter Blount: and would to God 
You were of our determination ! 
Some of us love you well ; and even those some 
Envy your great deservings, and good name, 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 191 

Because you are not of our quality, 
But stand against us like an enemy. 

And heaven defend, but still I should stand so, 
So long as out of limit and true rule, 
You stand against anointed Majesty ! 

The conference is too long to repeat here, and it closes with Sir Walter's 
good wishes that they would accept of grace and love. 

5. In the next scene the Archbishop of York fears that the power of 
the rebels is too weak to engage the King's forces, because 

the King hath drawn 
The special head of all the land together; 
The Prince of Wales, Lord John of Lancaster, 
The noble Westmoreland, and warlike Blunt; 
And many more corrivals, and dear men 
Of estimation, and command in arms. 

6. In the battle of Shrewsbury, Harry Percy, and Dowglas directed 
their attacks against the person of the King : to foil their attempts and 
to preserve the life of the monarch, the Lord of Stafford and Sir Walter 
Blount dressed themselves in the same armour and habit as the King's. 
Douglas having slain Lord Stafford for the King, meets with Sir Walter, 
who thus addresses him ; 

What is thy name, that in the battle thus 
Dost cross me? And what honour dost thou seek 
Upon my head ? 

Know then my name is Dowglas, 
And 1 do haunt thee in the battle thus, 
Because some tell me that thou art the King. 

They tell thee true. 

The Lord of Stafford dear to-day hath bought 
Thy likeness; for, instead of thee, King Harry, 
This sword hath ended him : so shall it thee, 
Unless thou yield thee as my prisoner. 


I was not bom to yield, thou haughty Scot: 
And thou shalt find a King that will revenge 
Lord Stafford's death. 

They fight, and Blunt is slain ; Hotspur enters, and says, 

Dowglas, hadst thou fought at Holmedon thus, 

1 never had triumphed o'er a Scot. 

All's done, all's won; here breathless is the King. 

Where ? 


This, Douglas ? No. I know this face full well, 
A gallant knight he was, his name was Blunt, 
Semblably furnished like the King himself. 

Ah fool, go with thy soul whither it goes ! 
A borrowed title hast thou bought too dear, 
Why didst thou tell me that thou wert a King'? 

' Shakespear speaks of another Blunt. The first news from Shrewsbury reported that 
both the Blunts were slain ; 2d part of Henry IV. sc. 1. So in Act iv. sc. 7, Westmoreland 
orders Blunt to take Colevill and his confederates to execution, Sir Walter being dead. 
This Blunt does not appear in the Dramatis Persona?. 

As to the circumstances of Sir Walter's death, they are related in the same manner by 
Walsingham, and Hall. Ipse vero campi ductor Henrieus (Henry Percy) partis adversa?. 
comesque Duglas Scotus, (quibus animosiores nullus unquam reperisset,) spretis jaculis 
emissis de parte Regis, spretis armatorum consertis cuneis, contra solam personam regiam 
vires excitant, arma vertunt: ipsum, pro decern millibus computantes, stratis requirunt 
obviis, infeslis lanceis, et gladiis perscrutantes. Comes de Dunbarre, cum comperisset 
istorum propositum, regem subtraxit a statione sua. Quod factum salutare fuit Regi ea 
vice, quia et signifer regius a furentibus est prostratus, vexillumque dejectum, circum- 
stantes occisi ; inter quos Comes Staffordise, et Dominus Walterus Blunt, miles regius, 
cecidere. Thom. Walsingham, page 368. Edit. Camden. 

The Earl of Douglas strake hym (the Kinge) doune, and slewe Sir Walter Blount, and 
three others, appareled in the Kinge's suite, and clothyng, saying, " I mervaill to see so 
" many Kinges so sodainly arise again." Hall, fol. 22. b. Ed. Grafton. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 193 

After the death of her husband, Dame Sancha founded an hospital 
called Saint Leonard's, at Allkinton, in the eighth year of Henry the 
Fourth, 1406, and appointed a chaplain there to pray for the souls of 
herself, her children, Sir Walter Blount, and her brethren and sis- 

The Bishop of Durham, and John Baysham, the trustees of the estates 
which had been settled upon Sancha, made a disposition of them by a 
deed dated on the 4th day of June, in the first year of Henry the Fifth, 
1413. The estates, which are specified in the settlement before stated, 
were given to Sancha for her life ; after her decease, to Sir John Blount, 
their eldest son, and his heirs male, with remainder to Thomas, the second 
son, and his heirs male, upon condition that he should not have been con- 
secrated to the order of priesthood. If he should have so been ordained, 
or should die without male issue, then to go to James, the third son, in 
tail male, and so to Peter, the fourth son. The manor of Adloxton, with 
the advowson of the church there, after Sancha's decease, was to go to the 
second son Thomas, to hold till he should be promoted to an ecclesiastical 
benefice, then to the aforesaid John Blount, and his heirs male, then to 
Thomas, then to James, and lastly to Peter h . 

Dame Sancha made her will in 141.-5. An imperfect copy only of it 
has been discovered, which is in these words. 

En nom de Dieux, le pieres, et fitz, et le seynt esperite, et del Beate 
Marie Virgine, et le tout le seynt compayne de paradiz, l'an du nostre dit 
seigneur Jhesus 141.5, Jeo Sanch, jadis feme de Mountsier Walter Blount, 
que Dieux pardonne, esteaunt in bone memorie, ordeyne et devise mon 
testant in ma darraigne volunt en manier qu' ensuyt. En primes, jeo re- 
command m'alme a nostre Jesus, et sa benigne mere la Virgine Man, et 
tout les Seynts de Paradize, mon corps d'ester enterres en l'Esgles 
Collegiat de nostre Dame de Leycester aupres mon marit avant dit, que 
Dieux asoyle. Jeo ordeyne et divise que les cents liveris quelle ma fille 

Item jeo ordeyne que tout mon vessell argent et endoris sont 

en la value perenter mes quatires fils, cester assavoir, Jhon, 

Thomas, James, et Peter, over la beine foy de Dieux, et de moyd ' 

s Ashmole MSS. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 1. h Dugdale MSS. Appendix, No. 

XVIII. Art. 6. ' Ashmole MSS. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 7. 

2 C 

19+ BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi- 

That is, In the name of God, the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, and of 
the Blessed Virgin Mary, and all the holy company of heaven, in the year 
of our said Lord Jesus 1415, I Sancha, formerly the wife of Mounsier 
Walter Blount, whom God pardon, being in good memory, ordain and 
devise my testament in my last will in manner following. First I recom- 
mend my soul to our Lord Jesus, and his kind mother the Virgin Mary, 
and all the saints in Paradise ; my body to be buried in the Collegiate 
Church of our Lady of Leicester, near my aforesaid husband, whom God 
deliver. I ordain and devise that the hundred pounds which my daughter 
Also I ordain that all my silver, and gilt, plate shall be di- 
vided equally, according to the value, between my four sons, that is to 
say, John, Thomas, James, and Peter, with good faith towards God, and 

In another part of the same collection of ancient writings there is 
another reference to her will, by which it appears that Thomas Blount, 
Esquire, and John Borsham, Clerk, were her Executors, and that King 
Henry the Fourth had granted to her the custody of the lands of the son 
and heir of Sir Walter Blount, on account of his minority k . 

She appears to have died in the sixth year of Henry the Fifth, 14 18'. 

From this marriage the two branches, the Mountjoy, and the Maple- 
Durham, families, who are both descended from Sancha, have quartered 
the Ayala arms, and that of Castile likewise, which is not mentioned as 
having been borne by Ayala, though it must have descended from thence. 
Sometimes the colours have been changed, and they now bear the bordure 
or, and the saltiers gules. But in an old book of the Herald's office, it 
appears as in the Spanish blazoning. Sometimes the wolves are called 
foxes, and are sometimes gules, at others sable. The coat, or, a tower 
azure, is given to Sanchet, but no family of that name intermarried with 
Blount, and I suppose it is a mistake of the name Sancha. 

k Ashmole's MSS. Appendix ibid. Art. -if). Thomas Blount Armiger et Johannes 
Borsham (1 suppose her trustee, called John Baysham in the deed) Clericus, Executores 
testamenti Sanchiee, quae fuit uxor Walteri Blount milites, defuncti. Cum Dominus Hen- 
ricus nuper Rex Angliae quartus concesserit Sanchiae, <xc. custodiam omnium terrarum, 
&c. ratione minoris <etatis filii et ha?redis ejusdem Johannis (evidently a mistake for Walteri) 
Domina Sanchia condiilit testamentutn, 1415. Mort. 6 Hen. V. 

' Ibid. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 195 

Sir Walter Blount and Sancha de Ayala had four sons, John, Thomas, 
James, and Peter, and two daughters, Constantia and Anne m . 

Sir John Blount, the eldest son, was Governor of Calais, and in the 
fourteenth year of Henry the Fourth, 1412, was Governor of a castle in 
Aquitaine, and, being there besieged by the Marischal of France, with 
only three hundred men vanquished the French army consisting of four 
thousand, took prisoners twelve persons of note, and in all to the number 
of one hundred and twenty". In the first year of Henry the Fifth, 
1413, he was created a Knight of the Garter . There is a deed dated 
in the fourth year of that king, by which Thomas Brown, of Hatton, 
gives to Sir John Blount, and Thomas Blount his brother, all his 
goods?. He was with Henry the Fifth at the siege of Rouen in 1418"*. 

He is usually said to have died without issue r , but according to Sir 
Egerton Bridges, in his last edition of Collins, his daughter Margaret 
married Thomas Legge, ancestor of the Earl of Dartmouth 5 . There is no 
inquisition upon his death. 

Ashmole* gives for his coat of arms, quarterly, the first and fourth 
argent, a tower triple-towered, azure, for Sanchet. Second and third, 
barry nebuby, or and sable, for Blount. Upon which he remarks, that in 
some coats the wife's arms are marshalled first, as in this case, where they 
were heiresses, or of high rank. Argent is a mistake for or ; and he calls 
the first and fourth quarters Sanchet, by a common error for Sancha de 
Ayala. Dugdale in his Baronage has made four persons of Sir John 

'' Bigland. in the Sodington and Maple-Durham pedigrees, makes John the third son ; 
and Chauncy, in his History of Hertfordshire, calls him the second; but there is complete 
evidence that he was the eldest. I. The Will of Sir Walter Blount. Dugdale's MSS. 
Appendix, No. XV III. Art. 18. 2. The settlement made after Sir Walter's death by the 
Trustees. Ibid. Art. 6. 3. The Will of Sancha. Ashmole, MSS. Appendix, ibid. Art. 7- 
■i. The Deed of Thomas Brown. Dugd. ibid. Art. 9. 5. A Pedigree in Ashmole. Ibid. 
Art. 8. All these recite the names and order of the sons as above stated, and the Spanish 
accounts agree with it. 

" Dugd. Baron, vol. i. p. 519. Froissart, in anno, Hollinshed. Speed. "Ashmole, 
Hist, of the Order of the Garter. * Dugd. MSS. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 9. 

< Ashmole MSS. vol. 1120. r Dugd. Baron, ibid, from Stem, penes Walter Blount de 

Sodington. s Vol. iv. p. 106. 'Garter. 

2 c 2 

196 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

Blount, and his father, Sir Walter. The dates shew them to have been 
only two persons. 

James Blount, the third son, was the ancestor of the Blounts of Gren- 
don, Orleton, and other places in Herefordshire, who will be the subjects 
of the fifth Chapter. Whether Peter had any issue is not recorded. 
Constance, who was named after the wife of the Duke of Lancaster, 
married John Sutton, Lord Dudley. Anne was the wife of Thomas 
Griffith, Esquire, of Wychnor in Shropshire". Sutton bore quarterly, 
first, or, a lion rampant, vert. Second, or, two lions passant, azure. 
Third, argent, a cross moline, azure. Fourth, gules, a cinquefoil, argent, 
with a crescent, or. Griffith bore, gules, a fesse, dancette, of three points, 
argent, charged with three martlets sable, between six lions rampant, or. 

Sir John, the eldest son, dying without issue male, was succeeded by 
his next brother, Sir Thomas Blount, of Elwaston, in Derbyshire. 
He was originally designed for the Church, and the manor of Adloxton, 
with the advowson, were settled upon him after his mother's death to hold 
till he was promoted to an ecclesiastical benefice. As the other estates, 
which he now inherited, were only to go to him in case of his not being 
in holy orders, it is clear that he was not ordained a priest. 

He was Treasurer of Normandy x . In the first year of Henry the 
Sixth, 1422, the Duke of Exeter gave one thousand marks to Thomas 
Blount to found a chauntery in the college called the New-warke of 
Leicester, with ten priests to sing masses for the souls of his brother Sir 
John Blount, Sir Walter Blount, and Dame Sanche, his father and 
mother?. By a deed of the fourteenth of Henry the Sixth, 143j, Robert 
Lathbury released to Sir Thomas Blount, Sir John Gresley, and others, the 
manors of Aylwaston, and land in Thurleston, Ambeston, and Dulton, or 
Belton z . In the twenty-first year, 1442, Sir Thomas Blount released to Wal- 
ter Blount, his son, and Elizabeth, his wife, his lands in Hampton, Wyche, 
Ekton in Northamptonshire, Madley in Staffordshire, Allexton in Leices- 
tershire, Saperton, Parrok, Bothehay Flates, and Fulbroke Meadow in 

u Bigland, &c. I Dugdale, Baron. Pedigrees, Sec. * Ashmole MSS. Appendix, 

No. XVIII. Art. 41. J R. Docis. MSS. vol. 36. f. 66. » Ibid. vol. 36. f. 76. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 197 

He married Margaret, the daughter of Sir Thomas Greseley, of Greseley 
111 Derbyshire, whose arms were vairy, ermine and gules h . It seems like- 
wise that he had a second wife, named Elizabeth. His death happened 
in 14o6, when letters of administration were granted to Walter Blount, 
his son, Sir John Greisley, Thomas Blount, and Robert Barley, Esquires 1 . 
No Inquisitio post mortem is to be found amongst the Tower records. 

I conclude that he had a second wife, from an indenture dated in the 
thirty-eighth year of Henry the Sixth, 14o9, by which Elizabeth, late wife 
of Sir Thomas Blount, lets to Walter Blount, Thomas Blount, and 
Thomas Walshe, all her manors of Hampton-Lovet, and Wick, in Worces- 
tershire, Ekerton, in Northamptonshire, Madeley, and Fold, in Stafford- 
shire, Allaxton, in Leicestershire, Saperton, Parrok, Bothehey Flats, and 
Fulbroke, in Derbyshire d . 

Sir Thomas Blount, and Margaret Greseley, had two sons, Walter, and 
Thomas, and three daughters, Elizabeth, Sanchia, and Anne c . 

Thomas Blount, Esquire, the second son, was the ancestor of the 
Blounts of Iver, and Maple-Durham, who will occupy the fourth Chapter. 
Elizabeth married Ralph Shirley, Esquire, of Westneston, in Sussex ; 
Sanchia, Edward Langford ; and Anne or Agnes, — Wolseley, Esquire. 
Shirley bore, paly of six, or and azure. A canton ermine. Worseley, 
paly of six, argent and gules. On a chief azure, a lion passant, guardant, 
or f . 

Sir Walter Blount, the eldest son, succeeded to the family pro- 

In the twenty-seventh year of Henry the Sixth, 144S, being then styled 
only Esquire, he was appointed to the office of Bailiff of the Wapentake 
of Morleyston, and Lutchurch, and of the King's court there, for his lite?. 
In the thirty-ninth year, 1460, he released to Alice, Duchess of Suffolk, 
the manor of Swerford\ By a subsequent deed, dated 20th March 1470, 
10 Edward IV, which states his having sold her the manor of Swerford, 
in Oxfordshire, for a thousand marks, he agrees to give up to her all the 
evidences. The seal to the latter is inscribed, Sigillum Walteri Domini 

" Bigland, Dugdale. c Ashmole MSS. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 35. d Ashmole, 
ibid. Art. 28. e Bigland, &c. r Bigland and Dugdale. ' Anecd. Record. Coll. 

Arm. " R. Dods. MSS. vol. 36. f. 95. 

198 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

Monjoy, filii et heredis Thomae Blount, quondam Magni Thesaurarii 

He was appointed Treasurer of Calais in the last year of Henry the 
Sixth, 1460 ; but he adhered to the House of York, and performed signal 
services at the battle of Touton, near Ferrybridge, which secured Edward 
the Fourth upon the throne' 1 . That monarch was not ungrateful, and in 
the first year of his reign appointed him to the government of Calais, and 
in his fourth year made him Lord High Treasurer of England 1 . In the 
next year, 1464, on the 20th of June, is dated his patent for creating him 
a Baron, by the title of Lord Mountjoy, to hold to him and. the 
heirs male of his body, with the grant of twenty marks a year to support 
his dignity ; of which, eight were to be received out of a moiety of the 
town of Thurvaston, in Derbyshire, and twelve out of the King's revenues 
in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire" 1 . In the seventh year of his reign, 
1467, Edward bestowed upon him lands in Wyggdon, Chigeford, and 
Chylmelay, in Devonshire, Launceston in Cornwall, the moiety of the 
manor of Coteriche, in Worcestershire, and the manors of Huntebeare. 
Holmeham, Chulmeley, Tvvykebeare, and Cornwordy, in Devonshire, 
Brummore and Lemyngton, in Hampshire, and the yearly rent of c£l8 
6s. Sd. to be paid by the Sheriff of Devonshire. These were the forfeited 
lands of the Earl of Devonshire". 

The first Lord Mountjoy was twice married. His first wife was 
Helena, the daughter of Sir John Byron, of Clayton, in Lancashire. His 
second, whom he married in 1467, was Anne, the third daughter of Ralph 
Nevil, Earl of Westmoreland, by his wife Joanna Beauford, the only 
daughter of John of Gaunt, by his third wife Catherine Swynford, and 
relict of Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham . Byron bore, argent, three 
bendlets, gules. Nevil, gules, a saltier, ermine p . 

In the eighth year, 1468, he was retained to serve with the king, in his 
proposed expedition to France in aid of the Duke of Brittany, with three 
thousand soldiers, of whom sixty to be men at arms, and the rest archers. 
This design being frustrated, he was again retained with a thousand 

' Ashmole MSS. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. S. " Note to Peacham's Complete 

Gentleman, by Thomas Blount. 'Rot. Pat. 4 Edw. IV. m Ibid. 5 Edw. IV. "Ibid. 
7 Edw. IV. Dugdale. ° Dugdale, Baron. r Bigland. 



soldiers, for a quarter of a year, as also with five hundred mariners, in the 
company of Anthony, Lord Scales 1 *. 

In the register of the Priory of the Holy Trinity at Canterbury, it is 
recorded, that on the 17th day of September, in the year 1469, Anne, 
Duchess of Buckingham, with her husband, Walter Blount, Lord Mount- 
joy, were received into the Fraternity of the Chapter of the Priory, by 
their common seal, in the time of John Oxne, then Prior 1 . It was not 
unusual for persons of high rank to be thus admitted into the confraternity 
of churches and monasteries. The form of admission, which was ob- 
served at Sarum, will shew the nature of this privilege. " In the name of 
' ; God, Amen. We the Dean and Chapter of the Cathedral Church of 
" Sarum, with the assent and consent of our brotherhood, receive you into 
•' our confraternity. We will, and grant, that you participate, as well in 
" life, as in death, in all the masses, prayers, preaching, fasting, vigils, 
" and every other meritorious work, which may be performed by us and 
" our brotherhood, the canons, vicars, and other ministers of this church, 
" and its dependencies 8 ." 

In his tenth year, 1470, the king granted to Lord Mountjoy, and Anne, 
Duchess of Buckingham, his wife, the custody of the castles and lands in 
England and Calais, which had belonged to Humphrey, the late Duke of 
Buckingham, on account of the minority of Henry, his cousin and heir 1 . 
And he was one of the Commissioners to receive the submission of all 
such rebels as should be willing to surrender". In the eleventh year, 
Edward granted to Anne, Duchess of Buckingham, his aunt (amitae) lands 
in Batricksey, and Wannesworth in Surrey, and pasture in the common 
of Westhethe, Esthethe, and Pangwode*. In the same year he took an 
oath, with the other temporal Lords in parliament, to be true to Prince 
Edward >'. 

q Dugdale, Baron. ' R. Dods. MSS. vol. 55. f. 104. s Dodsworth's History of 

Salisbury Cathedral, 1814 page 158. x Ashmole, Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 45. 

1 Dugdale, ibid. 

1 Rot. Pat. in anno. There is some error here. In the calendar of this record, and I 
have not seen the original, Anne is styled nuper uxor Walteri Blount. Either nuper is im- 
properly inserted, or after it, has been omitted Humphredi Ducis Buck, nunc uxor IV. 
Blount. In the eleventh year of Edw. IV. Walter Lord Mountjoy was living. 

i Dugdale. 



He was likewise Knight of the Garter, and died on the 1st of August, 
the fourteenth of Edward the Fourth, 1474. His monument was in the 
church of Christ Church, in the Grey Friars, with this inscription. 
" Walter Blount, Knight of the Garter, Lord Mountjoy, Treasurer of 
" England, son and heyre to Thomas Blount, Knight, Treasurer of Nor. 
" mandy. 1474 z ." 

At his death he was seized of the manors of Allexton and Stretton in 
the Field, in Leicestershire, Falde and Madleghe-Alfeghe, in Staffordshire, 
the moiety of the manor of Coderiche, in Worcestershire, the manor of 
Bruinmore, and borough of Lemington in Southamptonshire, the manors 
of Barton, Sutton, Saperton, Alkemonton, Bentely, Hatton, Langewesdon, 
Bnghtrichfeld, Tortingley, Stretton in le Field, Ehvaston, and Chalford, in 
Derbyshire, the manor and borough of Chumelegh, the manor of Holde- 
ham, and Huntebere, the borough of Twykebere, and the manor of Corne- 
wode, in Devonshire \ 

Ashmole has given his coat of arms, as Knight of the Garter. Quar- 
terly, first, argent, two lions (wolves) statant, sable, within a bordure, or, 
charged with eight saltiers, gules, for Ayala ; secondly, a castle for Sanchet ; 
thirdly, Blount, nebuly ; fourthly, Beauchamp, vairy. He makes the same 
observation upon the priority of the arms of Ayala, and Sanchet, as he did 
upon those of Sir John Blount, Knight of the Garter b . 

By his will bearing date the 8th of July, 1474, the fourteenth of Edward 
the Fourth, he bequeathed his body to be buried at the Gray Friers in 
London ; appointing the bones of his son William to be taken out of the 
place where they lay, and laid on the left side of his tomb ; one tomb to 
serve them both. He likewise ordained that the parish church and chancel 
of our Lady at Aylewaston, in Derbyshire, should be made up, and 
finished completely out of his own proper goods ; and that a third bell, 
called a tenour, should be bought for the same church. Also that a con- 
venient tomb, in that church, should be set over Elene his wife. Further- 
more he directed, that his executors should purchase lands to the yearly 
value of ten pounds, and appropriate them to the Hospital of Saint 

1 Stow's Survey of London, p. 346. b. Ed. 1633. He says that St. Nicholas, and St. 
Ewen, and part of St. Sepulchre's parish were made one parish church in the Grey Friars, 
and called Christ Church. 

a Dugdale, Bar. 519. From Inquisitions and Records. b Hist, of the Garter. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 201 

Leonard, situate betwixt Alkemonton and Bentley, to pray for the souls 
of his ancestors ; as also for his own soul, his wives' and children's souls ; 
the souls of Humphrey Duke of Buckingham, Richard Earl Rivers, Sir 
John Wodvyle, Knight ; and for the souls of the Lords in old time of that 
hospital. Moreover he ordained, that the Master of that hospital, for the 
time being, should find continually seven poor men, to be chosen by him 
of such as had, or thenceforth should be old serving men with the lord and 
patron of the lordship of Barton, and of the same Hospital of Saint 
Leonard, or else out of the old tenants of all the lordships of the said 
Lord and Patrons for the time being, within the counties of Derby and 
Stafford : and that the Master, for the time being, should pay weekly unto 
those seven poor men 2.v. 4rf. Also, that every of them, at the time of his 
election, should be of the age of fifty and five years at the least ; and that 
those seven poor men should have seven kine going within his park at 
Barton, and seven load of fuel yearly for their fuel, to be taken within his 
lordships of Barton, Alkmonton, and Bentley ; or other lordships in Ap- 
pultre-Hundred in Derbyshire. Likewise that the said Master should 
every third year give unto each of those seven poor men, a gown and an 
hood of white, or russet of one sute ; one time white and another time 
russet ; the gown to be marked with a tayewe-cross c of red ; and that 
none of these poor men should go a begging, upon pain of removal from 
that Hospital. Moreover, that every of them should be obliged to say 
daily our Lady's Psalter, twice within the chapel of the same Hospital. 
He likewise appointed that there should be a mansion, with a square court, 
built next to the same chapel, without any back door ; and that the roof 
of that chapel should be raised, the walls enhanced, the windows made 
with strong iron work, with a quire, and perclose, and two altars without 
the quire. Furthermore, that the Master should wear neither red nor 
green, but upon his gown of other colours, a tayewe cross of blue upon 
his left side ; and have no other benefice, except the parsonage of Barton. 
He likewise willed that a chapel of Saint Nicholas should be built at Alk- 
monton ; that the Master of the before specified hospital should say mass 
there yearly, on the feast of St. Nicholas, and at other times by his dis- 

* I cannot find any explanation of this word ; perhaps it is a corruption from the Greek 

letter Tau, and may signify a cross in that form, T, or what is usually called a cross potent. 

2 D 

202 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

cretion. And lastly, that his feoffees should bestow forty pounds in making 
a chapel within the Abbey of Burton d . 

By his first wife, Helena Byron, he had three sons, William, John, and 
James. By the latter, Anne, Duchess of Buckingham, he had no issue, 
and she survived him, and died in the twentieth year of Edward the 
Fourth, 1479 e . 

Sir James Blount, the third son, in the fifteenth of Edward the Fourth, 
1475, had a grant of the manor of Apedale, in Staffordshire, and land in 
Uttekestre, in the same county, and in the sixteenth year, 1476, he was 
Lieutenant of Hamme, near Calais, with his brother John, Lord Mount- 
joy f . In the reign of Richard the Third, he was also Lieutenant of the 
Castle of Hamme. He was created a Knight by Henry the Seventh, 
upon his landing at Milford Haven, and a Knight Banneret after the battle 
of Newark, in the second year of his reign * ; and he had a general pardon, 
with a special grant of all his offices, granted to him by that King 1 '. By 
his will dated 24th July, 1492, his wife Elizabeth was to have his manor 
of Bylston'. He died without issue, in 1493. 

Sir William Blount, the eldest son, married Margaret, the only daughter 
and heir of Sir Thomas Echingham, of a considerable family, which pos- 
sessed Midley, and other manors in Kent, and had for their arms, azure, 
fretty, argent. They had two sons, John and Edward, and as many 
daughters, Elizabeth and Alice. John died an infant. Elizabeth became 
the wife of Sir Thomas Andrews Windsor, Knight of the Bath, who 
was created Lord Windsor, and bore, gules, a saltier, argent, between 
twelve cross-crosslets, or k . Alice married, first, Sir Thomas Oxenbridge, 
and afterwards David Owen. Sir William Blount died before his father, 
April 14th, 1471, being killed at the battle of Barnet, in which Edward 
the Fourth defeated the Earl of Warwick, and was buried in the Church of 
the Friars Minors, in London. His widow married Sir John Erlington, 
and was buried at St. Leonard's, Shoreditch 1 . 

Upon the death of Walter, the first Baron Mountjoy, he was succeeded 
in his title and estates by his grandson Edward, the son of Sir William ; 

I Dugd. Baron, vol. i. p. 520. e Sandford's Genealogical History, p. 264. ' Rot. 

1'at. ' Bigland. » Harl. MSS. No. 1036. f. 83. ' R. Dods. vol. 22. f. 6$. 

k Bigland. ' Weever's Funeral Monuments. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 203 

who thus become the second Lord Mountjoy. He was only 
seven years of age, and died two years afterwards, on the 1st of Decem- 
ber, in the fifteenth year of Edward the Fourth, 1475, and was buried in 
Christ's Church in the Grey Friars m . 

The third Lord Mountjoy was Sir John Blount, the 
second son of the first Lord, and uncle to Lord Edward, and who was 
thirty years of age at his accession to that honour. 

Edward the Fourth, in the thirteenth year of his reign, granted to John 
Blount, Esquire, one of the Esquires of the King's body and his heirs 
male, the manor of Haloughton, in Leicestershire, which had belonged to 
William, Viscount Beaumont, attainted". His lady was Lora, daughter 
of Sir Edward Berkeley, of Beverton Castle, in Gloucestershire, whose 
arms were, gules, a chevron between ten crosses patee, within a bordure, 
argent . After his death she married Sir Thomas Montgomery of Falk- 
borne, in Essex". Upon the death of Anne, Duchess of Buckingham, 
widow of the first Lord Mountjoy, he had livery of the lands which she 
held in dower i. He was appointed Captain, or Governor of Guisnes, 
and Hamme, near Calais, in the sixteenth year of Edward the Fourth, and 
again in the reign of Richard the Third, and died in 1485 r . Richard the 
Third made an agreement with Sir Ralph Hastings that he should pay 
£666 13s. -id. for the office of Captain of Guisnes, after the death of 
John, Lord Mountjoy. Part was paid down immediately, to be refunded 
if Sir Ralph did not out-live Lord Mountjoy 5 . 

His will is dated the 6th of October, 1485, the first of Henry the 
Seventh, in which he bequeaths his body to be buried in the Grey Friers, 
and gave to that house twenty pounds. He mentions his sons, and prays 
them " to leve right wisly, and never to take the state of Baron upon 
" them, if they may leve it from them, nor to desire to be great about 
" princes, for it is dangerous." He bequeathed to his son Rowland 

■ Stow's Survey, p. 346. n Rot. Pat. ° Bigland. p R. Dods. vol. 128. f. 40. 

i Dugdale, Baron, i. p. 526. 

r Stow, p. 346. Monument of " John Blount.. Lord Mountjoy, Captain of Gwynes and 
Hames, 1485." In Rot. Pat. 16 Edw. IV. Johannes Dominus Montjoy, et Jacobus 
Blount, Armiger, Locumtenentes Castri Regis de Hampnes. Lett. Pat. Rich. III. Harl. 
MSS. No. 433. fol. 27. 

s Harl. MSS. No. 1747. fol. 158. b. 

2 D 2 

204 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book in. 

Blount, his chain of gold, with a lion of gold set with diamonds. To 
Constantia, his daughter, he gave one hundred pounds, and constituted 
Lora his wife, with Sir James Blount, his brother, his executors*. 

Rowland Blount died in 1509 u , without issue. Lord John's daughter 
Lora, died the 6th of February, 1480, and was buried at Fulham, near 
London*. His other daughter, Constantia, married Sir Thomas Tyrrell, 
of Heron, in Essex, whose arms were, argent, two chevrons, azure, 
within a bordure ingrailed gules. 

To him succeeded his eldest son, William, the fourth Lord 
Mountjoy, who was appointed a Privy Counsellor by Henry the 
Seventh in 14S6, the first year of his reign >'. In 1497 he was sent as one 
of the commanders of the army, which was raised to suppress the insur- 
rection in Cornwall 2 . In the fifteenth year, 1499, he had a special grant 
from the King of all the pre-eminencies, dignities, honours, manors, &c. 
which John Lord Mountjoy his father formerly enjoyed 1 . In the first 
year of Henry the Eighth, 1509, he was appointed Master of the Mint 6 . 
In 1512 he was Governor of Hamme c . 

In the war with France, Henry took Tournay in person, in 1513; 
Wolsey was made Bishop of it, and Lord Mountjoy, Lord Lieutenant. 
Wolsey, though he resided in England, had the complete management of 
all affairs in that city. There are fifteen original letters extant from the 
Lord Lieutenant to the King, and Wolsey d . Mountjoy was succeeded 
by Sir Richard Jernegan in 1515. During the time that it was in the 
King's possession, he was under continual apprehensions of a surprise by 
the French, and he sold it to Francis, in 1517, for 600,000 crowns, and a 
large sum besides for the castle which he had built e . 

He was Chamberlain to Queen Catherine in 1518 f . He accompanied 
Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, in his expedition to France in 1524?, 

t Dugdale, Baron, i. p. 520. u Stow, p. 346. * Weever. in Fulham, and R. Dods. 
vol. 126. f. 148. ' Polydore Vergil, p. 567. * Ibid. p. fa'00. a Dugdale, Baron. 

" Ibid. « Erasro. Epist. Col. 122. Edit. Le Clerc. 

'' In Cotton MS^. Calig. D. 6. fol. 299, are three to Wolsey, much burnt. In Calig. E. 
2. fol. 65, are nine to the King and Wolsey; and in Culig. E. 4. fol. 290, are three to 
Wolsey. They relate chiefly to the attack which was feared. One is printed by Strype, 
vol. i. Appendix, No. 6. 

' Strype, vol. i. p. 5. ' Reginae famulitio Prsfectus. Epist. Erasm. Col. 401. 

e Herbert, Hist. Hen. VIII. p. 152. 


hi \ 


j his -I'll 


M^ i^HllslInt 

* \ 


M \> 

K I VnL 



4 .^| \ ,< 


IU, ill 11 



\ \ 




Iff * .s Kftll f \\ 

^ 1 

V n\ -0 


\ \ V 4 1 1 ft 



\* ' ■ V 


chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 205 

and in 1.530 subscribed the articles against Cardinal Wolsey h . In the 
same year his name appears to the declaration of the English Parliament 
to Pope Clement the Seventh, signifying to him, that if he did not comply 
with the King's request in the cause of the divorce, the papal supremacy 
would be renounced 1 . He was likewise a Knight of the Garter*. 

His first wife was Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir William Say, whose 
arms were, party per pale, azure and gules, three chevrons, humetty, 
counterchanged, bordered, argent. Or, as it is blazoned by others, three 
chevrons, humetty, argent, surmounted of chevrons of the field, counter- 
changed 1 . 

By her he had two daughters, Gertrude and Mary. The eldest, Ger- 
trude, was the second wife of Henry Courtenay, Marquis of Exeter, the 
son of William Courtenay by Catherine the daughter of King Edward the 
Fourth m . The Marquis of Exeter bore for his arms, quarterly, first, 
quarterly, the arms of France and England, within a bordure, counter- 
changed of the fields, and charged with twelve fleurs-de-lis, or; second, or, 
three torteaux ; third, the same ; fourth, or, a lion rampant, azure, armed 
and langued, gules. This was impaled with Blount, having Say in a 

In Winborn Minster in Dorsetshire, just above the ascent from the 
choir, on the north side, is an altar-tomb of grey marble under an arch, to 
the memory of Gertrude. The brass plates which contained the inscrip- 
tion are now in a great measure torn off. In the thirtieth year of Henry 
the Eighth, her husband was beheaded; and Gertrude, with Margaret 
Countess of Salisbury, and others, was attainted of high treason, but was 
pardoned, and died in 155S. Her tomb was opened some years since, 
and her body was found wrapped up in cerecloth. By her will dated 
September 25, 1558, she bequeathed her body to be buried in the church 
of the parish where she should die, appointing a dirge, or trental of masses, 
to be said and sung for her. Her son, Edward Courtenay, was by Queen 
Mary created Earl of Devonshire, died at Padua in 1 556, and was the last 
Earl of Devonshire of that family". By the inquisition at her death she 
was found to have held the manors of Frenington, Bakerton, and Unholme, 

h Herbert, Hist. Hen. VIII. p. 274. ' Ibid. p. 306, where is the declaration at length. 
k Dugdale, Ashmole. ' Bigland. m Ibid. n Hutehins's History of Dorset- 

shire, vol. ii. p. 91. General History of the Courtenay family, p. 153. 

206 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

and her heir to have been John Baker, descended through the Tyrrells, 
from Constance, sister to her father, William Lord Mountjoy . 

The second daughter, Mary, married Sir Henry Bourchier, Earl of 
Essex, by whom he had Anne, who married Sir William Parr, Marquis of 
Northampton, and had no children p. Lord Mountjoy ordered a large 
stone, with an inscription, to be laid over her, in the parish church of 
Esendon in Hertfordshire q . 

His second wife was Alice Kebel, daughter of Sir Henry Kebel, Lord 
Mayor of London, and widow of William Brown, Lord Mayor of London 
likewise. Kebel bore, argent, a chevron, ingrailed, gules ; on a chief 
azure three mullets, or r . By her he had a son Charles, afterwards Lord 
Mountjoy, and a daughter Catherine, married first to John Champernon, 
Esquire, who bore, gules, a saltier vairy, between twelve billets, or s . 
Afterwards to Sir Maurice Berkeley of Bruton', whose arms were, gules, a 
chevron between ten crosses patee, within a bordure argent". Alice died 
in 1521, and was buried in the Grey Friers". Her father, Henry Kebel, 
made his will, 28th of April, 1517, and speaks of his daughter Alice, 
Lady Mountjoy y . 

His third wife was Dorothy, the daughter of Thomas Grey, Marquis of 
Dorset, and widow of Robert Willoughby, Baron Broke. Grey bore, 
barry of six pieces, argent and azure ; in chief three torteaux ; a label of 
three points, ermine. And Lord Broke, quarterly, the first and fourth, 
or, a fret, azure ; second, gules, a cross moline, argent ; third, sable, a 
cross ingrailed, or. She had by him a son, named John, who died with- 
out issue, and two daughters, of whom Dorothy married John Blewett, 
Esquire, of Granham in Somersetshire, who bore, or, a chevron between 
three eagles displayed, vert, armed, gules. Mary married Sir Robert 
Dennys of Holcombe in Devonshire 2 . She died before him. He bore, 
ermine, three battle axes, gules. 

g Ashmole, ibid. Appendix XVIII. Art. 46. p R. Dods. vol. 97. f. 101. « See a 

law case respecting the manor and advowson of Allexton in Leicestershire, in Coke's 
Entries, p. 499 to 503. Dyer's Reports, fol. 31 1. a. b. Pasch. 14 Eliz. Cromwell v. An- 
drews. Coke, fol. 69. b. or vol. i. part 2. b. 69. Edit. 1727. ' Bigland. s Ibid. 
' Ibid. ° Catherine bore her three coats impaled. Blount between Champernon and 
Berkeley. * Stow, p. 346. "Alice Blount Mountjoy, sometime wife to Will. Brown, 
" Mayor of London, and daughter to H. Kebel, Mayor, 1521." » R. Dods. vol. 22. 
f. 138. * Bigland. 




1 '43 





v \ } 






William Lord Mountjoy's will bears date the 13th of October, 1534, 
and he died in 1535, the twenty-seventh year of Henry the Eighth. He 
directed that in case he should die within the counties of Derby or Stafford, 
his body should be conveyed to the parish church of Barton, in which 
parish he was born, there to be buried in an arch, on the south side, near 
the high altar. And if in Northamptonshire, then in the college at 
Fotheringay. If at Standon, within the chapel there. And if in London, 
then in the Grey Friers, where his grandfather, grandmother, his father, 
the Lady Alice, his wife, and others of his kin and friends did lie. And 
to have a convenient tomb, by reason the King had called him to the 
Order of the Garter. And that a tomb of alabaster, or marble, should be 
made on the south side of the chapel in the Grey Friers, for John Lord 
Mountjoy his father, and likewise for his mother, who lyeth interred with 
Sir Thomas Montgomery, her late husband, at the New Abbey\ 

Having thus stated his public honours and his domestic arrangements, 
I proceed to some more interesting particulars. 

The name of William Lord Mountjoy is connected with the literature of 
the age in which classical and sound learning revived ; he was the pupil, 
the friend, the patron, and the correspondent, of the celebrated Erasmus. 

In the year 1496, Erasmus was at Paris, and for his subsistence read 
lectures to some young men, amongst whom was Lord Mountjoy, who 
from this time continued in habits of friendship and intimacy with him till 
his death. It was during this time that he wrote his tract, De scribendis 
Epistolis, at the suggestion of Lord Mountjoy, which was finished in 
twenty days b . Such was Erasmus's correctness in the performance of his 
duty as a preceptor, that he apologizes to him in a letter for what he calls 
a crime, in having omitted a lecture, when he was prevented by necessary 
business c . Whilst he was instructing his pupil in rhetoric, he wrote a 

3 Dugdale, Baron. Nichols's Leicestershire, vol. iv. p. 524. » Epist. Eras, prsefixa. 

' Erasm. Epist. Col. 4. Ed. Le Clerc. 1703. Although Erasmus styles Lord Mountjoy 
" juvenis/' it seems that he was not very young when he was his pupil, in U96. Ten 
years before this he was appointed a privy counsellor to Henry VII. as we are informed by 
Polydore Vergil, in anno I486, ] Hen. VII. Ac alios deinde sapientes homines sibi con- 
cilianos optavit, ad conciliaque rerum gerendarum continenter adhibuit, quo in numero 
erant (alios nominando) Gulielmus Blontus Monjoii Regulus, disertus, ornatus, page 567. 
He had the command of troops in the Cornish insurrection in 1497. Ibid. p. 600. In that 

208 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

sportive declamation in praise of matrimony, and another on the opposite 
side of the question. Having shewn the first to his pupil, he asked him 
how he liked the performance. To which the young Lord answered 
jocosely, " So much, that I am determined to marry/' Erasmus advised 
him to suspend his judgment till he had read what might be said on the 
other side. " Keep that to yourself," was the answer, " I am satisfied 
" with this." Erasmus, in a letter, written in 1524, to Botzem, in which 
he relates this story, says, that Mountjoy was then a widower, after losing 
his third wife, and was likely to take a fourth, " so easy is it," he adds, 
" to overturn a carriage on the side to which it leans' 1 ." It was during 
this time that Leland wrote the following copy of verses. 

Ad Musas, de Guliehnu B/ondo, Burone Montjoio. 
Musse, si Domino placere nostro, 
Et rem ter facere hie quaterque gratam, 
Laeto pectore concupiscitis : nunc 
Tandem ostendite vos meo obsequentes 
Blondo, qui patriae eruditionem 
Felix asseruit politiorem : 
Dum totus studiis dicatus ipse, 
Et virtutis amator eminentis, 
Exempli specimen tulit perenne. 
Maecenatis erat loco probati, 
Cujus sedulo gloriam secutus, 
Doctos muneribus beavit omnes 
Amplis, atque Scholar Lutetianae 
Cultor conspicuus, frequens, diseitus. 

year he had a secretary named Richard. Epist. Erasm. Richardo G.Montj. a sacris, 1497- 
Col. 7. In the Latin of the middle ages, regulus was used for a king's son, or a peer. — 
Regis filius, Comes. Du Cange in voce. 

d Lusimus olim laudem et vituperationem Matrimonii; quae nunc pars est libelli De 
Ratione Conscribendi Epistolas. Id fecimus in gratiam clarissimi juvenis, Guilhelmi 
Montjoii, quem turn in rhetoricis instituebamus. Hunc quum rogassem : Ecquid placeret, 
quod scripseram : ille festiviter : Adeo placet, ut mihi plane persuaseris esse ducendam 
uxorem. Turn ego, suspende sententiam, donee legeris diversam partem. Istam, inquit, 
tibihabe: prior mihi placet. Is jam post tertiam uxorem coelebs est, fortasse ducturus 
quartam, adeo facile est perculisse plaustrum, quo sua sponte inclinatur. Epist. Erasm. 
Botzemo, 1524. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 209 

Imprimis sibi comparavit ilium 
Torrentem eloquii, sodalem Erasmum : 
Crevit fructus et intle luculentus, 
Ac Desiderius novis adauctus 
(Blondo munifico favente) amicis 
Ditescit : niveus patronus uncle 
Commendatus ad astra celsa scandit, 
Et facti pretium accipit suprcmum, 
Quod nunquam morietur : enitebunt 
Dum libri radiis suis politi e . 

He was likewise page and fellow pupil with Prince Henry, afterwards 
King Henry the Eighth. History formed the principal subject of their 
studies, which was much approved of by his father, Henry the Seventh'. 
At Mountjoy's recommendation the Prince studied the writings of 
Erasmus with great attention, and formed his style upon them. This 
was observed in his book against Luther, and gave occasion to a 
false supposition that Erasmus had assisted him in writing it". When 
Erasmus was staying at Lord Mountjoy's house in the country, he was 
visited by Sir Thomas More, who took him to the next town to see Henry 
the Seventh's children ; who were all there educated, except Prince Arthur. 
Lord Mountjoy's family was there. Henry was nine years old, and had, 
though so young, a royal and majestic appearance. Most of the others 
brought poems and other compositions, as presents to the Prince; but 
Erasmus, not having been previously informed of this mode of paying his 
compliments, brought nothing. Henry at dinner sent him a letter to claim 
an offering of this kind, which he satisfied by sending in a few days a 
Latin poem in praise of the King, his children, and the British nation h . 

e Lelandi Collectanea, vol. v. page 122. 

' Erasmi Epist. generoso adolescenti Carolo Montjoio. Certe quum pater tuus, 
(Guilhelm. Montjoius,) huic regi, etiamnum adolescenti, socius esset studiorum, in historia 
potissimum versabantur, idque vehementer approbante patre Henrico Septimo, singulari 
judicio prudentiAque rege. Epist. Erasmi Tito Livio prsfix. 

' Quod si stylus habet aliquid non abhorrens a meo, nihil mirutn aut novum quam ille 
puer studiose volverit meas lucubrationes, hue provocante clarissimo viro Guilhelmo 
Montjoio, discipulo quondam meo, quo turn ille sodali studiorum utebatur. Epist. Erasm. 
G. Saxonise Duci. 1522. Ed. Cler. Col. 731. 

" Epist Botzemo, 1524. Printed in Jortin's Appendix, No. 33. p. 108. 
2 E 

210 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

From Paris, in 1497, Lord Mountjoy went to the Castle of Hamme 
near Calais, of which he was Governor, and was accompanied by Erasmus. 
By his persuasions Erasmus went with him to England, for the first time : 
and thus he had the honour of introducing that learned man into this 

To the disgrace of the age in which he lived, for a considerable part of 
his life Erasmus subsisted entirely upon the benefactions of his friends, 
and, as he states it himself, upon the footing of a public beggar k . England 
was his principal resource 1 , and Lord Mountjoy his firmest support and 
benefactor. He gave him a yearly pension of one hundred crowns™, be- 
sides occasional presents, some of which appear in their correspondence ; 
as thirty ducats in 1.510", and another sum not specified in 1518°. 

In 1509, Erasmus was in Italy, and wrote two letters to Lord Mountjoy. 
Though he was received with great applause, and honourable places were 
offered him, he found so little sincerity in Rome, that he was not unwilling 
to accept an invitation to return to England. This he received from Lord 
Mountjoy, in a letter, in which he promised him great favours from Henry 
the Eighth, and Archbishop Warham. He informed him that the Arch- 
bishop had given him five pounds, to which he had added five more, to 
enable him to take the journey. This letter is kind and affectionate to 
his friend Erasmus, and we may collect from it that the English were 
highly delighted with the death of Henry VII. and had great expectations 
from Henry VIII. whom Mountjoy extols to the skiesP. 

1 Comes Montjoius in Angliam suam abduxisset. (Epist. Rob. Piscatori, Col. 5.) Certa 
promittebat Guilhelmus Montjoius et quidem ingentia, eaque rursum cum summo ocio, 
vitasque libertate conjuncta. Eras. Epist. Cardinali St. George, 1515. Ed. Cler. Col. 145. 
Ante inviserat Angliam in gratiam Montjoii, tunc discipuli, nunc Maecenatis. Vita. 
Erasmus made a long Epigram upon the Castle of Hamme, printed in Knight's Life of 
Erasmus, Appendix, No. 5. 

k Jortin, i. p. 46. 

' Extrema anchora est Britannia, quae nisi me sublevasset, adhuc mendicaret Erasmus. 
Epist. Col. 1632. 

m Dominus Montjoius, hujus regni Baro, quondam meus discipulus, dat annui mihi pen- 
sionem centum coronatorum. Epist. Servatio, an. 1514. Ed. Cler. Col. 1527. 

■ Epist. Eras. T. Halsey, 1510. Col. 102. Montjoius resolvit triginta ducatas. 

Quod tu pro tua in me munificentia servis, ago gratias. Johannes minister in causa 
fuit, qui sic mihi meminisse visus est de ea pecunia, quasi ab alio foret profecta. Col. lb'S. 
anno 1518. 

p Epist. 10. dated 1497 instead of 1509. Jortin, i. page 28. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. gn 

Erasmus once lodged in London with Bernard Andreas, the old tutor 
to prince Arthur, poet laureate, and historiographer to Henry the Eighth, 
in Augustine Friers, and dieted in the same convent ; for which Bernard 
demanded too large a sum, and quarrelled with him, till Lord Mountjoy 
was forced to make him a satisfaction of twenty nobles' 1 . 

How burdensome Erasmus had been to Lord Mountjoy as well as other 
friends, was well known : in 1.513, when he was in distress, in an ill state 
of health, the winter was coming on, and he was going to London with 
scarcely six angels in his pocket, his friend Linacer exhorted him most 
pressingly to spare the Archbishop, and Lord Mountjoy, and advised him 
to retrench, and learn to bear poverty with patience. A most friendly 
counsel, he observes'. 

Whilst Tournay was in the possession of the King of England, Lord 
Mountjoy was appointed governor of it in 1.51.5 s , and Wolsey was bishop. 
Mountjoy did not lose this opportunity of serving Erasmus, but procured 
from Wolsey the appointment to a prebend of that church. Erasmus at 
first was unwilling to accept of it, fearing it would be too great a restraint, 
and might not be perpetual, in case Tournay was given up. He after- 
wards altered his mind, and sent all the necessary instruments to Lord 
Mountjoy. But Wolsey revoked his promise, and conferred it upon the 
son of the King's surgeon. He nevertheless endeavoured to console 
Erasmus, by assuring Mountjoy that he would provide him with another 
prebend there, or something better in England. Yet he never received 
any thing from the cardinal*. 

Erasmus continually expressed his gratitude for all these benefactions, 

i Jortin, i. p. 42. ' Jortin, i. 47- Epist. Erasm. 150. 

1 Tornaci (me remoratus est) Montjoius meus, qui nunc ei Praefectus est urbi, regias 
agens vices. Erasm. Epist. jEgidis. London, 7 May, 1514. Col. 135. 

' Eboracensis donavit me praebendft Tornacensi. Epist. Col. 1523. Veluti de illo 
canonicatu quem vocant Tornacensi, quem Dominus Montjoius obtinuerut tibi, videris 
nunc ab eo non abhorrere. Scribis enim omnia te misisse instrumenta Montjoio, qua; ad 
eum tibi conferendum viderentur idonea. Epist. T. Mori Erasmo. London, 1516. Col. 
220. Dominus Eboracensis palinodiam cecinit; canonicatum enim, tibi jampridem dona- 
tum, alteri contulit, filto chirurgi regii. — Pollicitus est tamen ipse Eboracensis tibi hie 
alium canonicatum, aut in Anglia quippiam majus donaturum, quod mini coram exposuit 
Montjoius. J. de Molendino Erasmo. 1515. Col. 1545. Ex illius munificentia non sum 
pilo factus ditior. Catal. Lucub. Jortin. i. 49. 68. 
2 E 2 

212 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

and acts of kindness, both before and after he finally left England, which 
was in 1518", and in letters to himself, and other persons. He usually 
styled Mountjoy his Maecenas, and used the warmest expressions of affec- 
tion. His generosity to Erasmus was likewise well known to others". 
Yet, as that learned man, with the fortune, seems to have acquired the 
habits, of a mendicant, he was not satisfied with what Lord Mountjoy did 
for him, and frequently charges him in strong language with a want of 
generosity y, which in one letter he supposes was increased by the influence 
of his wife and his son, and in others he attributes to a want of means. 
His demands upon his benefactor seem to have been somewhat unreason- 
able, since they extended not only to the relief of his necessities, but to 
enable him to live with more magnificence after he possessed a certain 
income of above three hundred ducats, besides presents, and the profits 
of his works'. 

u All agree that Erasmus was never in England after the year 1518. Jortin, i. 142. 

x O te mihi sero cognitum, a quo prius me fortuna distraxit, quam necessitudo eon- 
junxerat! Hoc unum tibi persuade, neminem vivere qui te magis ex animo amet, quam 
tuus Erasmus. Epist. Erasm. Guil. Montjoio. 1497- Col. 5. In 1504, in a letter to Colet, 
he says, Non mihi rogandus est comes meus Guilhelmus Montjoius, tamen neque ab re. 
neque absurdus facturus videatur si nonnihil sua benignitate adjuverit me, vel quod sic 
semper favit studiis meis, vel quod argumentum est ipso authore susceptum, ipsiusque 
inscriptum nomine, nempe adagiorum. 

In 1515, in a letter to Cardinal Grymanus, he calls him, Guil. Montjoius vetustissimus 
post Henricum Bergium (Henry a Bergis, Archbishop of Cambray,) Episcopum Camera- 
censem, studiormn meorum Maecenas, Col. 142. In 151 G, to Budaeus, Guil. Montjoius 
perpetuus et constantissimus Maecenas meus, Col. 186. In 1519, to Burbank, Erasmus 
says, Afflavit tibi Montjoius aliquid sui in me animi, Col. 5*4. In 1518, he addresses him 
Maecenas benignissime, Col. 1686. In 1519, regretting that he had not settled in England, 
he says, Eodem provocavit Guil. Montjoii fidele semper et amicum consilium, Epist. 479- 
In 1529, calls him Patronum vetustissimum, et amicum incomparabilem, Col. 1233. 

J Montjoius sui similis est ; aut promittit, aut queritur, Col. 1669. Miror frigus Maece- 
natis vetustissimi Montjoii; sed uxor opinor et filius augent naturae vitium, Col. 1694, 
151S. In 1522, in the dedication of his book De Conscribendis Epistolis, quern annis 
abhinc fermi triginta Lutetiae scribere cseperam cuidam amico parum sincero. — Amici 
verius quam benigni. Vita Eras. Eras, authore. Montjoius scit me sibi multo plus debere 
benevolentiae quam munificentiae nomine, Epist. Botzem. 

1 In 1518, Pace in a jocose book had styled Erasmus, esurientem. He was angry, and 
;n a letter written that year says, " Famelicus ille quotannis supra trecenlos ducatas poa- 
sideo : praster ea qua? ex Maecenatum liberalitate meisque laboribus acccdunt ; plura habi- 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 213 

Erasmus dedicated the first edition of his Adages to this patron, by whom 
that work had been suggested\ It was written upon the following occa- 
sion. Upon his return from England, about the year 1497, or rather 1499, 
into France, all his money, amounting to twenty pounds, was seized by 
the custom-house officers at Dover, it being contrary to law to export 
coin. Both Sir Thomas More, and Lord Mountjoy had persuaded him 
that there was no danger of a seizure unless it were British money, which 
was not the case. Apprehending that it might be supposed that he 
entertained some resentment for this loss, which he felt very sensibly, 
against the British nation, and Lord Mountjoy in particular, who had 
occasioned it, to shew the liberality of his mind, and to testify to his friend 
Mountjoy that his affection for him was not lessened by this misfortune, he 
drew up in a few days his first collection of Adages, with a dedication and 
a copy of verses addressed to him". 

When Erasmus was printing Suetonius, he received great assistance 
from an ancient manuscript which Lord Mountjoy sent him from the 
library of Saint Martin's Monastery at Tournay, and which had formerly 
belonged to a religious house at Cambray c . 

About 1523, Erasmus proposed a plan for pacifying the religious dif- 
ferences, which then prevailed, by charity, and mutual concessions, by 
employing arguments and persuasion, instead of war and persecution ; and 
he had an intention of treating the subject more at large in the form of a 
dialogue, to which he was persuaded by Lord Mountjoy, amongst other 
great men who approved of his design' 1 . 

turus, si libeat, Col. l6?6. Optnrim tuam, mi Montjoie, fortunam esse parem ammo tuo, 
non quod mihi res redierit ad incitas, ut aiunt, sed quod nunc deceat Erasmum et senem. et 
tantum bellatorem, aliquanto magnificentias vivere, 1581. Col. 1374. 

* Arguraentum ipso authore susceptum, nempe Adagiorum, Erasm. Coleto. Initio 
Clarissimo Baroni Guil. Montjoio dedicatus, Col. 1144. 

b Id temporis omnium bonorum apud Anglos benevolentiam sibi conciliavit; ob id pra>- 
sertim quod profecturus in Galliam, spoliatus in littore Dovariensi, non solusi non ultus 
injuriam esset, sed mox libellum in laudem regis totiusque Anglia; edidisset. Vita, 
Erasm. auctore. Epist. Botzemo, 1524. Printed in Jortin's Appendix, No. S3. 

' Suffragante mihi ad hoc negotii pervetusto quodam codice, quem e bibliotheca mo- 
nasterii apud Nervios olim, nunc Tornacensis, vulgato cognomine Divi Martini, nobis 
exhibuit nobilissimus ille Guil. Montjoius, qui id temporis regias vice* in ea urbe gerebat. 
Erasm. Saxoniae Ducibus, 1518. Col. 325. 

d Epist. Botzem. Appendix Jortin, p. 127. Jortin. i. 291. n. 


Through Lord Mountjoy, he returned thanks to Queen Catherine, for 
a present, in 1529, and informs him that if his health were but tolerable, 
he should want neither income nor dignity, " but, as I remember your 
" lordship used to say, Fortune offers a man bread, when he has no teeth 
" to eat it e ." 

To a letter from Erasmus, deploring the loss of King Philip of Spain, 
Henry the Eighth returned an answer, in which Erasmus suspected that 
the King had received some assistance. Lord Mountjoy endeavoured to 
remove his suspicions, and at last produced many of the King's letters, 
some of them written to himself, and the first rough draft of that which he 
had written to Erasmus. There were many additions and alterations, 
but all in the King's own hand writing ; which satisfied Erasmus, and 
removed his suspicions'. 

Such was Lord Mountjoy's love for Erasmus, that even after he was 
married, he left his family, and went to Oxford to study under his instruc- 
tions g . He also gave him the liberty of his house in London, when he 
was absent ; a privilege of which he did not often avail himself, on account 
of the surliness of the steward, whom he called Cerberus b . 

Upon quitting England in 1514, in his way to Germany, he 

' Epist. Montjoio. Ep. 1077- Col. 1233. Si valetudo esset mediocris, nee opes deessent, 
nee oignitas. Veruni, ut dicere solebat tua celsitudo, Fortuna nunc cibum offert edentulo. 

' Epist. Col. 1038. Protulit multas ejus epistolas, quum ad alios, turn ad ipsum Mont- in hisetiamillam, quameaeresponderat. Quiequid erat dispunctum, aut adjectum, 
ejusdem erat manus, x. t. A. 

s Erasmus Guilhelmo Montjoio S. D. Oxoniae. 1499. Quidnam sibi vult ilia tuae saluta- 
tion is ccvxSnrlunf, o salve mi praeceptor, salve mi preceptor? Utrum doloris erat, quod a 
charissima conjuge divelleris, an gaudii quod ad a?que dilectas literas sis rediturus ? Mihi 
quidem, quanquam hk omnia durissima videntur, stat tamen sententia, omne taedium 
amore tui devorare, omnem exsorbere molestiam : ne quum tu in amando constantissi- 
mum te praestiteris, ego vicissim in obsequendo parum consians fuisse videar. Fac eum 
ad nos animam adferas, ne vel tu sine causa consuetudinem uxoris neglexisse, vel ego 
frustra tan turn taediorum pertulisse credar. Bene vale. Epist. 64. Col. 56. 

h Praesertiin si redierit Montjoius, ut liceat mihi domo illius uti, quod nunc per Cerbe- 
rum ilium non licet. Epist. Erasni. Coleto. Col. 110. Andreas Ammonius invited Erasmus 
to London, in 1512. Praterea si Cerberum ilium Montjoicum omnino reformidas, aliquod 
alicubi, quod tibi non penitus displiceat, brevi unum cubiculum inveniemus. Epist. Aui- 
monii Erasnio. 1512. Col. 121. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 215 

some days with Lord Mountjoy at Hamme. Whilst he was there he 
seems to have written the abridgment of his own life, and also a letter to 
Father Servatius, in which he gives a long account of himself and his 

In a letter, perhaps to Lord Mountjoy, in 1518, beginning My excellent 
Maecenas, he requests him to intercede with the King for some small 
subsidy of which he stood in need, and to give him a horse*. 

But the munificence of Lord Mountjoy was not confined to Erasmus 
alone ; he was a great encourager of learning in general, and bestowed 
his friendship and patronage upon other men of letters'. In 1.52.5 it 
appears that he was applied to by the University of Cambridge, upon 
some occasion which is not now known™. 

His intimacy with Leland appears from the poem before introduced, 
and from two other epistles in verse, which accompanied presents. 

Ad Gulielmum Blondum, tititlo Montjoii, ilhtstrem. 
Sequanicis mitio parvum tibi munus ab oris, 

Candida Pierii gratia, Blonde, chori. 
At si animum spectes, magnum misisse videbor ; 

Res ubi deficiunt, est voluis9e satis". 

Calamus Niloticus, dono datus Gulielmo Blondo. 
Quam mihi transmisit pro pignore Smythus amoris, 

En ! ad te exiguum munus arundo venit. 
Sit licet exiguum, ne spernas attamen : ingens 

Gratia vel parvis rebus inesse solet. 
Namque alia ha?c preeter quae secum plurima defert 

Commoda, Niloticis venit arundo vadis. 

' Printed in Jortin's Appendix, number 3. " Epist. Col. 1694. 

' Et Guilhelmus Montjoius vetustissimus post Henricum Bergium EpiscopumCameracen- 
sem (Henry a Bergis, Archbishop of Cambray) studiorum meorum Maecenas, sic obrutus 
est belli oneribus, ut magis amaret quam succurrerit, vir antiquae sane nobilitatis, et incre- 
dibili beneficentia erga bonarum literarum cultores, verum, ut inter hujus regni Barones, 
animo magis quam re beatus. Epist. Erasm. Dominico Cardinali Grynseo. London, 31 
March, 1515. Coll. 142. 

" Knight's Life of Erasmus, from the proctor's accounts of that year. 

n Leland's Collectanea, vol. v. page 91. 

216 BLOUNT, LORD MOUXTJOY. book hi. 

O quoties volucri depinxit carmina cursu, 

Officium prajstans nocte dieque suum ! 
Accola Niloticae ripae proferre susurros 

Edidicit, Zephyro et flante canora fuit. 
At mihi Museum postquam excoluisset amoenum, 

Concinuit variis carmina mista sonis. 
A dominoque aegre divelli passa, Penates, 

Quo fortuna vocat, suspicit ilia tuos'. 

There was another learned and pious man, who was entertained in his 
family, as his Confessor, and who accompanied him abroad. This was 
Richard Whytforde, who appears to have been bred at Oxford, and to 
have been afterwards at Cambridge. He was Chaplain to Bishop Fox, 
at the latter end of the reign of Henry the Seventh, where he became 
acquainted with Sir Thomas More, and lived in amity with him. Aban- 
doning the world and all hopes of preferment, he entered himself a monk 
of the Order of Saint Brigit, in the monastery of Sion, near Brentford 
in Middlesex. About this time he was introduced by Lord Mountjoy to 
Erasmus, who had a great esteem for him, and has left several epistles 
written to him. At the dissolution of his monastery he was turned out 
to seek a livelihood. He published many pious tracts, which are enume- 
rated by Wood. One was entitled the Pipe, or Ton of the Life of Per- 
fection ; in which the author, in a singular allegory, compares the perfect 
life to precious wine kept in a pipe or ton, made of three plain boards, 
which are the three monastic vows, of obedience, poverty, and chastity ; 
bound as with hoops, by their rules ; which are fastened, as by twigs, 
with holy ceremonies 1 ". 

Battus, the friend of Erasmus, who was tutor to the Marchioness of 
Vere's son, a man of great learning likewise, was equally attached to 
Mountjoy 'i, and corresponded with him r . 

o Leland's Collectanea, vol v. page 129. 

" Wood's Ath. Oxon. part i. col. 51. Jortin, i. page 21. 

4 Erasm. Epist. Guil. Montjoio. Battus quoque meus, omnium et amorum et odiorum 
socius, te pari charitate prosequitur. 

' Jacobus Battus Wilhelm. Montjoio. Tournay 1499- Te totum, optime Montjoie, ita i 
capite, ut aiunt, ad calcem usque depinxit, (Erasmus) ut quanquam antea tui amore vehe- 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 217 

Richard Sampson, Bishop, first of Chichester, and afterwards of Lich- 
field', in a letter to Erasmus, speaks of Lord Moantjoy's singular benevo- 
lence to him 1 . He was likewise a great acquaintance of Sir Thomas 
More . 

In the Collection of the Epistles of Erasmus, there are three from Lord 
Mountjoy to him, and thirteen from Erasmus to Lord Mountjoy ; besides 
others in which he is occasionally mentioned". 

After Henry the Eighth had married Anna Boleyn, he was desirous 
that Catherine should lay aside the title of Queen, which she seemed 
determined to retain, and that she should be satisfied with that of Princess 
Dowager. Catherine could no longer have a right to that title, unless 
the divorce, and, consequently, the subsequent marriage, were invalid. 

Lord Mountjoy, Sir Robert Dymock, John Tyrrell, Gryftyth Richards, 
and Thomas Vaux, Esquires, were appointed Commissioners to wait upon 
her with the King's commands to that etfect. The original instructions, 
and their two reports, are still extant y . They visited her at Ampthill, on 
the 3d and 4th of July, 1533, and in these interviews she manifested that 
she was a woman of sense and spirit. At the first meeting, she protested 
that she came to the King a " clene mat/de, and thereupon was crowned 
" Queen, and had by the King lawful issue, wherefore the name of Queen 
" she would vendicate, challinge, and so call herself during her life." 

When it was declared unto her, " that the King, as well by the motion 
" of his own conscience, as the determination of the most famous Univer- 
" sities, and Clerks of Christendom, conceived matrimony between them 
" was unlawful, and therefore they were lawfully divorced, and that now, 

menter flagrarirn, nunc in te amando nee Erasmo ipsi cedam, qui te tamen plus suis oculis 
amat. Tibi aded nihil iraputat, ut tuam quoque vicem apud me deploraverit, qui ad tantos 
turn sumptus turn labores sua causa fuerit adactus. Postremo, cum a. nobis digrederetur, 
hoc mihi etiam atque etiam mandavit, uttibi quam saspissimescriberem. Quod quanquam 
pro tua singulari doctiin<1, meaque imperitia facere vererer, tamen ne officio defuisse 
viderer, has qualescunque literas ad te dedi ; quibus si te non offendi animadvertero, agam 
tecum saepius. Pro summa tua in Erasmum meum turn humanitate, turn benignitate, 
immensam gratiam et habeo, et, dum vivam, habebo. Col. 55. 

s Jortin, i. 139. ' Et singulari in me benevolentia Baro illustris Montjoius. col. 305. 
" More's Life, page 95. « Appendix, No. XVII. * Cotton MSS. Otho. C. 10. fol. 

168 and 199. They are much burned. 

2 F 

218 BLOUNT, LORD MOUXTJOY. book in. 

" by the consent of Parliament, and according to the laws of God, the 
" Lady Anne was his wife, and was anointed and crowned Queen of 
" England." Her answer was, " As to the first, all the world knoweth 
" by what authority, and much more by power than by justice, these pro- 
" ceedings were had, and also that lite pendente before the Pope, no such 
" process should have here been determined. That the most discreet and 
" best Universities were of her side, and that the seals of those Universities 
" were gotten, she will not say by what strange subtil means. As to Par- 
" liament, the King may do in his realm, by his royal power, what he 
" would. And that her matter dependeth only in the Court of Rome." 

To another article she answered, " She would not hinder her own cause, 
" nor put her soole in daunger for them, which she should doo if she did 
" relynquyshe her name, and condescende to the King's purpose in this 
" beriaulf." 

When it was alleged that her retaining the name of Queen was from a 
vain desire, and appetite of glory, whereby she would provoke the King 
against her and her daughter, she said, " As for anye vayne glorye, it was 
" not for that she desyeryd the name of a Queen, but oonly for her con- 
" science to declare herself the King's lawful wyef. As to the prynces, 
" her daughter, she said that she was the King's true begotten childe, and, 
" as God had given her unto them, so for her parte she wolde render her 
" againe unto the Kinge as his daughter, to do with her as shall stand 
lk with his pleasure, trusting to God that shewoll prove an honest woman. 
" And that nother for her famelye possessions, or any wordely adversitie, 
" or displeasure, that might ensue, she wolde give cawse to putt her soole 
" in daungeir ; according to the wordes of the Gospell, That they should 
" not be feryd which have power of the body, but he that hath power of 
" the soole. 

" Fynally, when all this was declared, and with sundrye persuasions, 
" her Grace made a declaration, requyryng all that were there present to 
" bere record before God and man, that she then affyrmyd yt upon her 
" soole, that she was the King's true wyef, and soo she wolde take 
" herselfe, and never relynquysh the name of Queene, until such 
" tyme as sentence diffynytive should be given to the contrarye by our 
" hooly father the Pope, the College of Cardynalls, and the Court of the 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 219 

" Roote% before whom her cawse dependyth, there to be adjudged, and 
" decyded, according to Goddis lawes. This said, she requyred that she 
" vvolde move the King's Grace, that she might have a copy of their 
" instructions afore to her declaryng, and, by the King's licence, she woll 
" translate the same into the Spanyshe tongue for to send to the Courte of 
" Spain, whereby they might see what moytions hath been made unto 
" her." 

On the second day, the 4th of July, they again waited upon her, when 
tv she required them to shew her in writing, what their report should be. 
" Whereupon they put it in writing, as before stated, and shewed it to her. 
ik Objecting to the stile of Princess Dowagier, she required the book, 
" which had, she took pen and ynke, and, in such places as she founde 
" the name of Prynces Dowagier, she with her penne and ynke strake it 
" oute, as it is apparandt." In the report these blots now appear. 
" Then she delyvered the book, and commanded to heer the same redde. 
" She then farther protestyed rather she would be a poore begger's wyfe, 
" and suer of heven, than to be Queen of all Christendom, and stande in 
" dowte thereof. As to her being the King's subject, so long as the King 
w ' toke her for his wyef, as in deed she was and ys, she was also his sub- 
" ject. But if the King toke her not for his wief, she came not into his 
" realme otherwise, nor yet to be maryed to any marchant, or to contynewe 
" in the same, but as to be his wyef, and not as a subjecte to lyve in his 
" dominions otherwise. 

" All this doon, the report continues, we shewyd unto her the King's 
" pleasure concerning her removyng, and what place were appointed for 
" the same. To that she answered, That she was contentyd to remove to 
" any place that the King should appoint. Soo that it were to no such 
" houses which she myght suppose to be prejudycyal to her own cawse." 

William, Lord Mountjoy, died in 15.3.5. Erasmus was much affected 
by his death, which took place a year only before his own. In the dedica- 
tory Epistle to the Bishop of Augsburg, prefixed to his Ecclesiastes, a 
treatise upon preaching, he laments the loss of many of his friends, Arch- 
bishop Warham, Lord Mountjoy, the Bishop of Rochester, and Sir Thomas 

: The Court of the Rota at Rome. 
2 F 2 

220 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

More*. Upon this occasion he wrote a consolatory letter to his son, 
Charles, Lord Mountjoy, in which he says that he ought to bear his death 
with the greater composure, as he departed at a mature age, with an un- 
sullied reputation, and had arranged all his affairs happily, and to his own 
satisfaction 1 '. 

Every man's character is best seen in his actions : it may be unneces- 
sary therefore to say much more of him than what appears in the particu- 
lars which I have related. That Erasmus was much attached to such a 
man was natural, but truth seems to have borne him out in the warm en- 
comia which he bestows upon him . Every letter, from their first ac- 
quaintance to his death, speaks of him uniformly in the highest terms of 
esteem and friendship. In a letter to Fisher, dated in 1497, he says, 
" You would have seen me in Italy, if Lord Mountjoy had not carried me 
" with him into England. Whither would I not follow so humane, so 
" kind, so amiable, a young man ? By heaven, I would follow him even 
" to the regions below. — You had spoken highly of him, but he exceeds 
" your description of him, and even my own opinion." The same esteem 
appears through the whole correspondence. To him he thinks it neces- 
sary to justify himself, in a long letter, against the accusation which was 
brought against him of favouring Luther, and to excuse himself for not 
writing against him, as Lord Mountjoy had exhorted him ; alledging, 
amongst other reasons, that it was easy to " call Luther a fool, but diffi- 
" cult to defend the faith by proper arguments' 1 ." 

" Quid igitur hac tempestate crudelius, quae me tot spectatissimis amicis spoliavit? Fri- 
dem Guilhelmo Waramo, Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi, nuper Guilhelmo Montjoio, Epis- 
copa? Roffensi, et Thoma Moro. 

b Mortem illius hoc moderatius ferre licet, quod decessit aetate justa, fama illibata, 
rebus omnibus feliciter, atque ex animi sententia compositis. Epist. Eras. Car. Montj. 
9 Feb. 1536. Adagiis prafixa. 

c Erasm. Rob. Piscatori. London 5 Dec. 1497- Me quoque jampridem istic videres, 
nisi Comes Montjoius, jam ad iter accinctum, in Angliam suam abduxisset. Quo enim ego 
juvenem tam humanum, tarn benignum, tam amabilem, non sequar? Sequar, (ita me Deus 
amet) vel ad inferos ipsos. Amplissime tu quidem mihi cum prcedicaras, graphicique 
prorsus descripseras, at vincit quotidie, mihi crede, et tuam praedicationeni, et meam de se 
existimationem. Col. 5. 

d Epist. Erasm. Montjoio. Ep. 666. col. (581. Lutherum vocare fungum perfacile est; 
idoneis argumentis tueri causam fidei, mihi certu difficillimum. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 221 

So indefatigable was Lord Mountjoy in his studies that he used to 
retire to his books immediately after supper, which was then at an early 
hour, and read till midnight, to the great annoyance of his wife, and her 
damsels, and the other servants 6 . And even in the midst of business, he 
snatched some portions of leisure for his studies f . In one letter Erasmus 
praises his scrupulous adherence to truths, a nd ingenuous simplicity. In 
another he speaks of his incredible beneficence towards the cultivators of 
literature 11 . His judgment in learning was appealed to, as appears by 
another letter, in which Erasmus asks Andreas Ammonius, the Aposto- 
lical Prothonotary, the Pope's Collector in England, and Latin Secretary 
to Henry the Eighth, what he would have done with a preface which he 
had written to a volume of poems he was about publishing, as Mountjoy 
had not approved of it'. In 1519, being at Louvain, he gave a letter of 
introduction to Anthony, Lord of Grimburg, son of Prince Berganus k . 

Of his Latin style, three letters to Erasmus now extant are a proof; and 
Jortin, no mean critic, says, " This Lord writes Latin much better than 
" some famous doctors," and that his letters " are easy and elegant 1 ." 

We may conclude this account with the Eulogium given him by Eras- 
mus, taken from Apuleius, " That he was the most noble amongst the 
" learned, the most learned amongst nobles, and the most excellent of 
" both," to which he says may be added, that he was likewise " the most 
" modest amongst them all" 1 ." Commendations which though bestowed 

e Solet ille singulis diebus k ccena ad mediam usque noctem incumbere libris; non 
sine uxoris, et pedissiquarum taedio, magnoque famulorum murmure. Epist. Erasm. 
Tito Livio praefixa, Ep. 11 60. col. 1358. At Montjoius, omnibus pedissequis male precan- 
tibus, solet post medium noctis venire ad lectum. Eras. Epist. Quirino. 

' Si quod vel absolutis negotiis, aut etiam inter ipsa, contigisset ocii, id totum non 
nugis, quod vulgo faciunt, sed honestis studiis impartias. Epist. 43. col. 41. 

? Ea est generos'.ssimoe mentis tna? ingenua simplicitas, ut, maxima etiam de causa, men- 
tiri nee scias si velis, nee velis si scias. Ep. anno 149S. col. 41. 

'' Vir antiquoe nobilitatis, et in credibili beneficentia erga bonarum literarum cultores. 
Epist. Erasm. Dominico Cardinali GrynEeo. An. 1515. col. 142. 

1 Epist. Erasm. And. Ammonio. An. 1510. De prrcfatione carminum quid fieri velis 
quam primum rescribe, mi Andrea, nam Montjoius omnino non probat. Epist. col. '02. 

k Ep. 469. col. 508. ' Vol. i. p. 28. 

"' Epist. Erasmi. prefixed to the first edition of his Adages. Unice studiorum meorum 
Mectenas. Nam quo alio verbo brevitis pleniusve complectar, ve! tuum istum tam singula- 


in a Dedication to his Adages, Jortin observes, in all probability he justly 

He was succeeded in his honours and estates by his son Charles 
Blount, the fifth Lord Mountjoy, who not only performed the 
more active duties of his rank and station, but was likewise a scholar, and 
a patron of learned men ; and, though not the pupil, was the friend, and 
correspondent, of Erasmus. 

In a letter to William Lord Mountjoy, his father, in 1 j29> Erasmus 
thanks him that his services to his son Charles had been graciously re- 
ceived, prays that his happy disposition may prosper, and promises to 
write to his son, and his preceptor, upon whom he congratulates his 
Lordship". It seems that this act of kindness performed by Erasmus was 
in recommending a preceptor for his son, and that it was Peter Vulcanius, 
one of his friends and defenders. In 1531, he addresses a letter to Vul- 
canius, to introduce to him Simon Grynaeus, who was going to England, 
and who he supposes would find him staying with Lord Mountjoy p . 

Peter Vulcanius was a learned man, and was father to Bonaventure 
Vulcanius, Professor of Greek at Leyden, and celebrated for many works. 
His real name was Smit, but according to the practice of literary men of 
that age, he changed it to Vulcanius, in allusion to Vulcan the god of 
Smiths. In a subsequent letter Erasmus plays upon this circumstance, 
and, as he was about to be married, he wishes Vulcanius to have his 
Venus, but he fears that a Mars might intervene. 

On the same day, he wrote by Grynaeus a letter to Lord Mountjov, in 
which he acknowledged the professions of friendship which he had 

rem in nos animum, vel lauclutn tuarum summam ? Qui quidem es unus pulcherrimo illo 
Apuleii dignus elogio ; " inter doctos nobilissimus, inter nobiles doctissimus, inter utros- 
" que optimus," illud adjieiendum, inter omnes modestissimus. 

* Vol. i. p. 29- 

Epist. Erasm. 1034. Col. 1176. Officium meum erga Carolum tuum tibi non ingratum 
fuisse, mihi fuit gratissimum ; cujus indolem felicissimam precor ut Dominus Jesus turn 
servare, turn usque in majus meliusque provehere dignetur. Scribam rilio et praceptori. 
quorum utrumque tibi gratulor, si patietur valetudo. 2S Mar. 1529- 

r Erasmus Rot. eruditissimo ac iroXuyAwTTa™ viro P. Vulcanio S. Vulcani charissime, s-i 
haec epistola te inventura est apud Dominum Montjoium — rogo ut hunc Simonem Grynseum 
velis cognoscere. Friburg, 18 Mar. 1531. Ep. 1173. Col. 1373. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 223 

received from his son, and informed him that he had sent a copy of Livy, 
which he had dedicated to his son as a return for a most elegant 
epistle, and adds, that if Charles had written it by his own talents, 
it was time for himself to throw away his peni. By these expres- 
sions he seems to have thought Charles Blount's letter superior to 
what could be expected from so young a man, and to have sus- 
pected that it was written by his tutor ; a supposition in which he 
was afterwards more confirmed. For Vulcanius having received an ap- 
pointment at Bruges in 1533, Erasmus wrote to congratulate him, and 
observe, that Charles Blount, since his departure, had changed his style, 
but not for the better, because his Theseus was gone ; a proverb applied 
to cases where any thing had been performed by the assistance of another, 
for Theseus aided other heroes r . 

In another letter of the same year, 1529, to the father, he hopes that he 
will approve of his dedicating his Adages to him, and his son Charles, 
which he thinks will encourage him in his studies 5 . 

'• Si Carolus filius tuus talem Epistolam scripsit, suo Marte, tenipus est ut Erasmus abji- 
ciat calamum. Certe toto pectore, quum tibi talem filium, turn ipsi, talem irulolem gra- 
tulor. Perpetuo tuo in me studio mirum in modum delector. Quam voluptatem fiiius, 
tuas vices suscipiens, ut in Uteris ad me suis profitetur, mihi conduplieavit. Libens illi 
dicassein libros Apophthegmatum, sed superior aetas mihi fuit sterilis. Proinde Titum 
Livium dicavi Carolo, ut hoc saltern pacto et illius studiis calcar adderem, et elegantissi- 
mam ejus epistolam pensarem utcunque, si cum ea paria facere non possem. Jussi (Simoni 
Grynseo) ut Carolo tuo exhibeat volumen. Friburg, 18 March, 1531. 

r Erasm. Rot. Petro Vulcanio inclytae Reipublica; Brugensis a pensionibus. S. Istam 
fortunam tibi gratulor, nee minus isti Reipublica;, quas sibi virum tot dotibus instructum 
atque ornatum adsciverit. Carolus Hluntus a tuo discessu mutavit stylum «**' «»< as ™ 
/JeATiov, aberat enim o Qtnvt. Sapiunt Brugenses qui tibi com pedes injicere cupiunt, utinam 
gratas et aureas. Precarer Vulcanio Venerem, ni me terret Martis omen. Sed extra 
jocum, ubi contigerit te digna, quod opinor jam esse factum, non gravabimur epithalamium 
canere. Friburg, 21 Apr. 1533. Ep. 1246 Col. 1465. 

s Erasm. Guilh. Montjoio Opinor tuam humanitatem boni consulere, quod adagiorum 
inscriptionem volueram tibi cum Carolo filio tuo quodammodo esse communem. Visum 
est enim hoc addere calcar adolescentuli studiis excitandis. Epist. 8 Sep. 1529. Ep. 1077 
Col. 1233. The Epistle Dedicatory to the Adages is, Erasmus clarissimo puero Carolo 
Montjoio. S. D. Jam ohm nomini paterno dicatum est. in hujus quoque possessionum 
consortium temet inseras. Nihil novum idem monumentum pluribus mscribi, &c. 

224 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book iit. 

There are extant two letters from Erasmus to Charles Blount, written 
in 1530, and 1531. The first is a very long epistle, and was written in 
answer to one from Charles Blount, full of the highest commendations, 
and congratulating himself, and his father, upon his inheriting all his good 
qualities. He mentions that he had never seen him. The second is the 
Epistle Dedicatory to Livy, which Erasmus published with the addition of 
five new books then first discovered by Grynaeus'. 

As the new edition of Erasmus's Adages, in 1536, was published after 
the death of Lord William, he now dedicated it to Lord Charles only, 
and tells him, that since by death he had lost an affectionate father, and 
himself a constant friend and patron, it was proper that he who had suc- 
ceeded to a part of his inheritance whilst he was living, should now take 
upon him the succession to the whole of his father's benevolence towards 
himself . 

The two following poems to Charles Blount were written by Leland, 
which shew his intimacy with that eminent scholar and antiquary. 

Ad Caro/um Blondum, Guillelmi Blondifilium. 

This seems to have been sent with a present of Homer's Batrachomuomachia, translated 
into Latin verse. 

Parvum, candidule, en tibi libellum 
Dono, Carole, mittimus, quern Homero 
Magno Thespiadum sacer sororum 
Ut vero tribuit chorus parenti. 
Tu munus specie licet pusillum 
Ne spernas tamen. Indicus lapillus 
Saspe est vel Pariis prior columnis. 
Ne spernas Latiae lyrre moventem 

' Appendix, No. XVII. 

u Des. Erasm. Car. Montjoio. Postquam obitu clarissimi viri Guilhelmi Montjoii tu pa- 
rentem amantissimum perdidisti, ego patronum et amicum constantissimum, Carole juvenis 
ornatissime, par est ut qui eo vivo in partem haereditatis veneras, nunc totam paternae in 
me benevolentise successionem capesjas ; operisque communiter ambobus dicati, solus 
tutelam suscipias, in quo tibi pater quodammodo superstes est. 9 Feb. 1536. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 225 

Graecum stamina suaviora Homerum : 
Nam Musa illecebras habct Latina, 
Quae saspe Aonios tencnt poetas y . 

In Carolum Blondum, juvenem nobilem. 
Tempus nostra suum Camcena nacta, 
Fusum mollibus otiis, amico 
Me tali alloquitur sono decora: 
" Plenas aggredere inclyti puelli 
" Laudes carmine Caroli insonare. 
" Namque is Gorgoneos colit beato 
" Torrentcs studio, comes sororum 
" Doctarum solitus, leveis choreas 
" Quum alti in vertice germinante ducunt 
" Parnassi, sua floreis revinctae 
" Sertis tempora more perdecente. 
" Pro quo nunc studio, novem puellas 
" Apta haec munera Blondulo puello, 
" Consensu unanimi, quidem dedere, 
" Lingua; perpetuum Atticae leporem, 
" Linguae et delicias meras Latinae." 
Parendum monitis, Camcena, honestis, 
Bis pulcrum reputo tuam Minervam 
Insignem numeris meis probare*. 

In the war of Henry the Eighth, in alliance with the Emperor, 
against France, in which a powerful army of thirty thousand men was 
sent from England, Lord Mountjoy was one of the commanders. In the 
military style of those times, it was divided into three battles, the vanguard, 
the main, or king's, battle, and the rereward. It was one of the best fur- 
nished and most splendid armies which had ever crossed the seas. Lord 
Mountjoy was in the rereward division, commanded by the Lord Russel, 
which was gallantly apparelled in blue coats, guarded with red, with caps 
and hosen party coloured of the same ; their caps being fitted to their 
head pieces. They landed at Calais about Whitsuntide, and proceeded 
to the siesje of Montreuil. The King: himself, with a magnificent train, 

Leland, Collect, v. 109. z Ibid. p. 120. 

2 G 

226 BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. book hi. 

passed the sea in a ship with sails of cloth of gold, and arrived at Calais on 
the 14th of July in 1544. Boulogne was immediately invested, and after 
the common events of a siege, finally surrendered upon the 14th of Sep- 
tember. The King, attended by the Duke of Albuquerque, the Emperor's 
commander, entered the city triumphantly, and returned with the army to 
England, with great glory, and satisfaction to his subjects 3 . When Lord 
Mountjoy went upon this expedition, he made his will, in which he or- 
dered, that in case he was slain, a monument should be erected to his 
memory, " that his children might continue and keep themselves worthy 
" of so much honour, as to be called hereafter to die for their master, 
" and country." The following lines were to have been inscribed upon it. 

Willingly have I soughte, 

And willingly have 1 founde, 
The fatal end, that wroght 

Me thether, as dutie bounde. 

Discharged I am of that I ought 

To my country, by honest ownde. 
My soul departed Chryst has bought, 

The ende of Man is grounde. Finis.'' 

We should scarcely suppose that the author of this epitaph was the 
same person of whom Erasmus and Leland had spoken so highly for his 
elegant style. But many of the polished Latin scholars of that time wrote 
very ruggedly in their own language. Roger Ascham affords an example 
in his verses, which begin, " Mine own John Whitney," in his Schole 

The epitaph became unnecessary, for he returned from the war in 
safety, as to his person ; but the expences of this costly expedition, to- 
gether with his magnificence as a courtier, and a favourite with his 
sovereign, had greatly diminished his family estate ; a misfortune which 
might have been avoided, if he had attended to the almost prophetic pru- 
dential advice of his grandfather, to his children, when he pointed out the 
danger of being great about princes. 

s Stow's Annals, p. 990. Ed. 1592. Herbert's Hen. VIII. p. 511. 
" Harl. MSS. No. 78. Art. 11. fol. 18. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, LORD MOUNTJOY. 227 

His wife Anne was the daughter of Robert Willoughby Lord Brooke. 
by Dorothy, daughter of the Marquis of Dorset, who afterwards became 
the second wife of his father as above stated. 

He died in the year 1545, and was buried in Saint Mary Alderman 
Church in London, in which he had made and glazed the east window, 
where his arms were to be seen r . 

By his will he left twenty marks a year for two years for " a 
" godly and discreet man to edify the youth of the parish of Westbury 
" in Wiltshire, with two lectures, the first daily, for catechising the chil- 
" dren ; the second four times a week, for all that would come, to declare 
" the duty of subjects to their king, and to magistrates, for maintaining 
" good order and obeysance, not only for fear but for conscience sake ; 
" and for the increpation of vice." 

His children were, James, William, John, and Francis. The three 
youngest died without issue. Francis married Catherine, the daughter of 
John Carleton, Esquire, of Brightwell in Oxfordshire, whose arms were, 
argent, on a bend sable, three mascles of the field d . 

His son James was the sixth Lord Mountjoy. He sat in 
judgment with the other Peers upon the trial of the Duke of Norfolk. Tn 
repair the shattered fortunes of his family, he addicted himself to the vain 
study and practice of Alchemy, in which he expended large sums, it is un- 
necessary to say without success; and greatly increased, instead of remedy- 
ing, the disorders of his purse. 

By his wife, Catherine, the daughter of Sir Thomas Leigh, or Lee, of 
Saint Oswalds in Yorkshire, who bore quarterly, first and fourth argent, 
two bars, azure, over all a bend counter compony, or and gules ; second 
and third argent, two bars gules ; on a canton of the second a water- 
budget argent : he had three sons, William, Charles, and Christopher, 
and a daughter named Anne e . 

He was succeeded by his eldest son William, as the seventh 
Lord Mountjoy, who does not appear to have engaged in any active 
scenes of public life, and died without issue in the thirty-sixth year of 
Queen Elizabeth, 1594, having still more reduced his property by untimely 

c Stow, p. 267. d Bigland, M. D. P. e Harl. MSS. No. 1 3 56. fol. 44. 

2 G 2 


The next Baron was his brother Charles, the eighth and last 
Lord Mountjoy, who was born in the year 1.56:3'. In the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, so fertile in illustrious characters, there were few men of 
greater eminence, or who stood higher in the estimation of their sovereign, 
than Charles Blount. He was educated at Oxford, and as the younger 
son of an impoverished family, was destined to the profession of the law, 
and was entered of the Inner Temples. He was early sensible of the low 
state of his family, and had a laudable ambition to raise it. In his child- 
hood, when his parents wished to have his picture, it was his fancy to be 
drawn with a trowel in his hand, with this motto, Ad reaedificandam 
antiquum domum, " to rebuild an ancient house 1 '." He left the Univer- 
sity early, and had not time to prosecute his studies to any great extent ; 
a defect which he afterwards supplied by private application, and by 
associating with men of learning. Soon after his arrival in London 
he was accidentally distinguished by Queen Elizabeth. The account 
of his first introduction will be best related in the words of Sir Robert 

" As Charles Blount came from Oxford, he took the Inner Temple in his 
way to Court ; whither he no sooner came, but (without asking) he had a 
pretty strange kind of admission, which I have heard from a discreet 
man of his own, and much more of the secrets of those times. He 
was then much about twenty years of age, of a brown hair, a sweet 
face, a most neat composure, and tall in his person. The Queen 
was then at White-Hall, and at dinner, whither he came to see the 
fashion of the Court : the Queen had soon found him out, and with a 
kind of affected frown, asked the Lady-Carver ' what he was ?' she 
answered, ' She knew him not ;' insomuch as enquiry was made from 
one to another, who he might be ; till at length it was told the Queen, 
he was brother to the Lord William Mountjoy. This inquisition, with 
the eye of Majesty fixed upon him, (as she was wont to doe, and to 
daunt men she knew not,) stirred the bloud of this young Gentleman, 
insomuch as his colour came and went ; which the Queen observing, 
called him unto her, and gave her hand to kisse, encouraging him with 

' Bigland. s Wood, Fasti, i. 138. Naunton's Fragmenta Regalia. Dugtlale's 

Baronage, i. 521. L Moryson, part ii. page 45. ' Fragmenta Regalia. 


gracious words, and new looks ; and so diverting her speech to the 
Lords and Ladies, she said, that ' she no sooner observed him, but that 
she knew there was in him some Noble bloud,' with some other expres- 
sions of pitty towards his house : and then again demanding his name, 
she said, ' Fail you not to come to Court, and I will bethink myself 
how to doe you good.' And this was his inlet, and the beginnings of 
his grace. 

" My Lord of Essex (even of those that truly loved and honoured 
him) was noted for too bold an ingrossor both of tame and favour; 
and of this (without offence to the living, or treading on the sacred 
urne of the dead) I shall present a truth, and a passage yet in me- 
mory. My Lord Mountjoy (who was another child of her favour) 
being newly come to Court, and then but Sir Charles Blount, (for my 
Lord William his elder brother was then living) had the good fortune 
one day to run very well a tilt ; and the Queen therewith was so well 
pleased, that she sent him in token of her favour, a Queen at Chesse of 
gold richly enamelled, which his servants had the next day fastened on 
his arme with a crimson ribband ; which my Lord of Essex, as he 
passed through the Privy Chamber, espying, with his cloak cast under 
his arme, the better to commend it to the view, enquired what it was, 
and for what cause there fixed. Sir Foulk Grevil told him, that it was 
the Queen's favour, which the day before, and after the tilting, she had 
sent him ; whereat my Lord of Essex, in a kind of emulation, and as 
though he would have limited her favour, said, ' Now I perceive every 
fool must have a favour.' — This bitter and publike affront came to Sir 
Charles Blount's eare, who sent him a challenge, which was accepted 
by my Lord, and they met near Mary-bone-park, where my Lord was 
hurt in the thigh, and disarmed ; the Queen missing the men, was very 
curious to learn the truth ; and when at last it was whispered out, she 
swore ' by God's death it was fit that some one or other should take him 
down and teach him better manners, otherwise there would be no rule 
with him.' And here I note the inition of my Lord's friendship with 
Mountjoy, which the Queen her self did then conjure. 

" Though Sir Charles Blount wanted not wit and courage, (for he had 
very fine attractions, and being a good piece of a schollar) yet were they 
accompanied with the retractivenesse of bashfulnesse, and a naturall 


modesty, which (as the tone of his house and the ebbe of his fortune 
then stood) might have hindred his progression, had they not been rein- 
forced by the infusion of Sovereign favour, and the Queen's gracious 
invitation. And that it may appear how low he was, and how much 
that heretique necessity will work in the dejection of good spirits, I 
can deliver it with assurance, that his exhibition was very scant untill 
his brother dyed, which was shortly after his admission to the Court, 
and then it was no more than 1000 marks per annum, wherewith he lived 
plentifully in a fine way and garb, and without any great sustentation, 
during all her times. And as there was in his nature a kind of back- 
wardnesse, which did not befriend him, nor suit with the motion of the 
Court, so there was in him an inclination to arms, and a humour of 
travelling ; which had not some wise men about him laboured to re- 
move, and the Queen herself laid in her commands, he would, (out of 
his natural propension,) have marred his own market: For as he was 
grown by reading (whereunto he was much addicted) to the theory of a 
Souldier, so he was strongly invited by his genius to the acquaintance 
of the practique of the Warre; which were the causes of his excursions; 
for he had a company in the Low countries, from whence he came over 
with a noble acceptance of the Queen ; but somewhat restlesse in 
honourable thoughts, he exposed himself again and again, and would 
presse the Queen with the pretences of visiting his company so often, 
that at length he had a flat deniall; and yet he stole over with Sir John 
Norris into the action of Britain, (which was then a hot and active 
warre,) whom he would al waves call his father, honouring him above all 
men, and ever bewailing his end: so contrary he was in his esteem and 
valuation of this great commander, to that of his friend, my Lord of 
Essex. Till at last, the Queen began to take his decessions ' for con- 
tempts, and confined his residence to the court, and her own pre- 
sence 1 *." 

He was chosen, when only twenty-two years of age, one of the Bur- 
gesses for Saint Ives in 1585, and in the next year for Berealston in 
Devonshire, of both which places his brother was lord of the manor 1 . In 

k Sir Robert Naunton's Fragments Regalia. Ed. 1653, pages 73 — 77- and bo. 
' Willis's Not. Pari. ii. p. 129. 


the latter year he was knighted™. In 1588 he was one of the young 
noblemen and gentlemen who hired ships at their own charge to join the 
English fleet when in pursuit of the Spanish Armada". The next year 
he took the degree of Master of Arts at Oxford , and was a second time 
member for Berealston in 1593 p . Upon the death of Henry, Earl of 
Sussex, in 1594, he was made Governor of Portsmouth'', and succeeded 
upon his brother's death, in 1594, to the title and estate of Lord Mount- 
joy 7 . In 1597, he was elected Knight of the Garter % and was employed in 
the expedition to the Azores islands, being Lieutenant General of the land 
forces, under the Earl of Essex, and Commander of the ship Defiance 1 . 

But the principal transaction of Lord Mountjoy's life was his conquest 
of Ireland. This country had continued in a state of wild independence 
till the reign of Henry the Second. As it had never been visited, or sub- 
dued, by the Romans, neither had it received from them the benefits of 
civilization. Like the other nations of Europe which were situated upon 
the sea-coast, it had been subject to the depredations of the Danes and 
other Northern pirates, who had formed considerable settlements in it. 
Saint Patric in the fifth century, and the monks who succeeded him, had 
introduced letters and Christianity : schools were established, not only for 
the improvement of the natives, but great numbers of scholars were sent 
from the neighbouring nations ; and the students at the college of Armagh 
alone were said to amount to seven thousand. Missionaries proceeded 
from hence to Germany, Scotland, and other nations ; and the name of the 
Island of Saints, which it acquired, attested the general estimation in 
which it was held for sanctity. Yet the learning and religion, which were 
taught, seem to have had small influence upon the minds, or morals, of the 
Irish, and they continued in a state of great barbarism. The country was 
divided into a number of small principalities, usually at war with each 
other, and exhibited perpetual scenes of murder, treachery, rapine, and all 

m Morgan, Sphere of Gentry, p. SS. " Camden's Elizabeth, I5S8. ° Wood. 

p Willis. 1 Camden, p. 594,. ' Dugdale. s Milles's Catalogue of Honour. 

' Stow, Dugdale, Leiliard's Naval History, p. 353. There is a letter of his from Ports- 
mouth to Secretary Cecil, 2 Nov. 1596, respecting the projected expedition of the Spani- 
ards, in Birch, ii. p. 169. and another, 7 Nov. in the same year to the Earl of Essex, about 
the Armada, ii. p. 195. 


the crimes which are naturally incident to such a situation. Some chieftain, 
who proved more powerful than the rest, occasionally assumed the title of 
King of Ireland ; but the power of these sovereigns was not much more 
than nominal, and they possessed little authority beyond their own posses- 

Such was the state of the country, when Henry the Second conceived 
the design of conquering and adding it to his own dominions, without 
any complaint of injury received, or ground of war, and with no other 
title than a bull from Pope Adrian the Third. Circumstances favoured 
his design. In the dissentions which prevailed amongst the chieftains, the 
King of Leinster had been driven from his province, fled to England, and 
solicited aid from the King. Henry was too much employed at that 
time to render any assistance, but permitted his subjects to give him their 
support. Some powerful noblemen of Wales, with their numerous re- 
tainers, and other adventurers, engaged themselves in his service, and 
landed in Ireland with a considerable force. After many battles and vari- 
ous events, they re-established the prince whose cause they maintained, 
many of them settled in his dominions, and, after his death, Richard Earl 
of Chepstow, surnamed Strongbow, assumed the sovereignty of Leinster, 
and was master of all the kingdom. 

Henry, at length, at liberty to attend to his Irish conquest, disavowed 
the proceedings of his subjects, and summoned Strongbow to appear 
before him. That nobleman attended, made his submission, and surren- 
dered his acquisitions to the King's allegiance. With a formidable army 
Henry landed at Waterford in 1 172, professing not to conquer but to take 
possession of a country which had been granted to him by the Pope. 
The natives were awed by the British power and valour, and most of the 
chieftains submitted, and acknowledged the sovereignty of Henry. He 
introduced, in part, the English laws, divided the country into counties, 
appointed officers, constituted a chief Governor, and granted large tracts 
of land to the principal nobles, who had been concerned in the conquest. 
But the sovereignty of the King of England was little more than nominal ; 
the chieftains retained their independence, their dissentions continued to 
distract that unhappy country, and they retained their enmity to their 
English conquerors. In this miserable state they continued for upwards 


of four hundred years, from Henry's conquest to the reign of Elizabeth, 
and Ireland was a large annual expence to the kingdom of England. 

In the reign of Edward the Second, the Scots under Edward Bruce 
entered Ireland, and he assumed the title of King. But a famine reduced 
his troops, and he was defeated and slain. In the reign of Henry the 
Seventh, the Irish were attached to the House of York, and supported the 
impostor Simnel. They revolted, and, strengthened by two thousand 
Germans, landed in Lancashire : and were finally defeated near Stoke in 
Nottinghamshire. Sir Edward Poynings was sent over, and endeavoured 
to remedy the disorders of the country, not by arms, having but a small 
force with him, but by wise laws passed in a Parliament held at Drog- 
heda, and particularly by the Act usually called by his name, which was 
intended to protect the Irish from the oppression of their Lord Deputies. 
The English Parliament in the next reign erected Ireland into a kingdom, 
and Henry the Eighth took the title of King, instead of Lord of Ireland. 

After a variety of transactions, in the latter end of the reign of Elizabeth, 
Ireland was one general scene of insurrection, under the command of 
O'Nial, who had been created Earl of Tyrone by the Queen ; and Philip 
of Spain was preparing an army for the invasion of that country. All 
temporizing expedients, which had hitherto been too injudiciously em- 
ployed, were now found to be dangerous, and the most vigorous measures 
were resolved upon. The Queen proposed to commit the government of 
the kingdom to Lord Mountjoy ; but this was opposed by her favourite the 
Earl of Essex, who objected that this lord had not sufficient experience in 
the affairs of war, and that his studious and retired life was ill calculated 
for a course of vigour and activity. It was his wish to be invested with 
the government himself, and both his friends and his enemies concurred in 
promoting his wishes. He was appointed Lord Lieutenant in 1599, with 
more extensive power than had ever been granted. The army which he com- 
manded was the greatest and the most expensive of all the expeditions which 
Elizabeth ever fitted out. It consisted of twenty thousand foot, and two 
thousand horse, and was thought sufficient to overwhelm the whole country. 
But the war was ill-conducted. Instead of marching immediately against 
Tyrone in the north, Essex turned his arms against Munster. His troops 
were harassed in their march, he did little, and returned to Dublin with an 
army enfeebled and diminished. At his request two thousand more men 
2 H 


were sent over, but the whole force which he could march northward was 
now reduced to four thousand men, and he was too weak for any enter- 
prize against the principal rebels. Tyrone, to gain time, demanded a par- 
ley, and a truce was agreed to. Essex returned to England, and his mis- 
management of this war, and his subsequent conduct, were the immediate 
causes of the disgrace and death of that unhappy nobleman. 

The rebels having resisted and sustained the attack of so powerful a 
force, were raised to the highest degree of presumption. New supplies 
arrived from Spain, with promises of farther assistance. Tyrone felt his 
own consequence, declared himself the Champion of the Holy Faith, and 
was presented by the Pope with a hallowed plume of the feathers of a 
Phoenix. He recommenced hostilities, and two of the ablest of the 
English officers were slain in some petty encounters. Whilst he was busy 
in every quarter, concerting means for his future operations, the rebels 
were greatly increased in number, their courage and confidence were ele- 
vated, the English army was dejected, reduced by defeats and disease, and 
even the officers became diffident and desponding. 

At this critical period, when the loss of Ireland was seriously appre- 
hended, the Queen returned to her original intention, and appointed Lord 
Mountjoy, Lord Deputy, to have the conduct of the war. It was a pro- 
phetical speech of her own, " That it would be his fortune, and his 
" honour, to cut the thread of that fatal rebellion, and to bring her in 
" peace to the grave"." He arrived in Dublin without pomp, and such 
was the mean opinion formed of his military character by the rude Irish, 
that Tyrone spoke of him with contempt, and said " that he would lose 
" the season of action whilst his breakfast was preparing"." 

But Mountjoy justified the Queen's discernment, and proved, to the 
surprise of the rude natives, that literary pursuits, and elegant manners, 
are not inconsistent with the courage of a soldier, and the talents of a 
general. Having sent detachments to various stations, he marched north- 
ward against Tyrone, and, in a vigorous attack, defeated him, and drove 
his troops into the woods. The power of an Irish chieftain depended 
much upon opinion. After this defeat many of Tyrone's followers de- 
serted from him. 

■ Naunton, p. ~6. * Moryson, p. 180, 


Mountjoy next marched into Leinster with equal success. The rebels 
were distressed in all quarters, by cutting down their corn, and depriving 
them of the necessaries of life. Their countries were reduced to a desert, 
and Tyrone and his dispirited army were confined within narrower bounds. 
When winter approached, which had hitherto been a season of inaction, 
the Deputy kept the field, and was five days in the week on horseback, 
again attacked Tyrone, and drove him from his entrenchments, and every 
attack occasioned great loss to the rebels, both by sla uglier and desertion. 
Nothing was left undone which could contribute to facilitate his operations, 
he erected new forts in the neighbourhood of the enemy, and made roads 
for the march of his troops into their country. 

In the mean time Lord Mountjoy was on the brink of ruin in England. 
The Earl of Essex, upon his condemnation for high treason, affected to 
discover his accomplices, and amongst others named Lord Mountjoy as 
privy to his treasonable practices. This nobleman had indeed been much 
in his confidence, and had even advised him to make his escape when he 
was committed to the Lord Keeper, but he had refused to enter into any 
of his treasonable designs?. This charge therefore was not only false, but 
was the greatest ingratitude to a nobleman, who had been his warm friend, 
and had zealously vindicated his conduct in Ireland. Lord Mountjoy was 
alarmed, and though he urgently pressed to be recalled, yet " he was fully 
" resolved," as he said, " not to put his neck under the file of the Queen's 
" Attorney's tongue," and determined to retire to France. His great 
services, and the necessity of continuing him in his command, and pro- 
bably the belief of his innocence, induced the Queen to overlook these 
charges, and to honour him with a gracious letter, in which she informed 
him of Essex's death, declaring that, " in regard of his approved fidelity 
" and love, it was an alleviation of her grief that she could pour it out to 
" him." Under the pretence of cautioning him to guard against the pri- 
vate disloyalty of some amongst his officers, who owed their advancement 
to the Earl of Essex, she artfully contrived to insinuate, that she could 
not but readily pardon those " who by Essex's popular fashion, and out- 
" ward profession of sincerity, had been seduced, and blindly led by him." 
And to his application to be recalled, she answered with a well-dissembled 

y Birch's Memoirs of Queen Eliz. vol. ii. p. 470. 
2 H 2 


affection, that " she wished he would conceal this his desire, until those 
" rumours which the rebels spread of a Spanish invasion should be dissi- 
" pated ;" promising to recal him in the ensuing winter, and to employ 
him near her person. 

Having escaped this danger, he continued to prosecute the war with his 
accustomed vigour: and his success was not owing merely to superior 
courage or force, but to a well-considered and well-combined plan of 
action. He had now raised the dejected spirits of his soldiers, by leading 
them warily into petty actions, in which they were constantly successful, 
and by adventuring his own person, more indeed than a general should 
ordinarily expose himself. Instead of marching against the enemy with 
large collected bodies of men, which gave them notice, and time to fly to 
their retreats, he attacked them with small parties in their own manner by 
surprise, and thus kept them continually alarmed and harassed. He re- 
ceived those who submitted with caution ; the terms which he promised 
were faithfully adhered to ; and, after sufficient trial of their fidelity, the 
leaders were specially rewarded. The oppressed were protected, and his 
conduct inspired terror into his enemy, and confidence into his friends. 

When the Queen, by sending a base coin into Ireland to pay the troops, 
had occasioned great discontent amongst them, to prevent a mutiny, 
Mountjoy kept them busily employed in harassing Tyrone, for which he 
received her Majesty's thanks. 

Sir George Carew had subdued Munster, rather by the policy of dis- 
uniting the chiefs, than by arms: when a Spanish invasion was daily ex- 
pected to land at Cork. Fifty sail of vessels were seen on their passage, 
and at last anchored in Kinsale harbour, under Don Juan d'Aquila. 
Another division arrived at Castlehaven, under Ocampo. The Irish, who 
had submitted, now rose in arms, and declared for the invaders. Tyrone 
was enabled to march southward, and the condition of the English army 
seemed desperate. At this dangerous juncture, Lord Mountjoy marched 
against Tyrone, who retired, was pursued, charged, and put to flight. The 
Spaniards of Castlehaven were completely defeated, and their general 
Ocampo taken prisoner, near Kinsale, the 24th Dec. 1601. The dreadful 
storm which threatened the royal army was thus dissipated at once, by a 
victory, with scarcely any loss on the part of the English. Don Juan 
d'Aquila capitulated, and surrendered Kinsale, and the other places in 


possession of the Spaniards. The rumour of a second Spanish invasion 
for some time kept alive the spirit of disaffection. A petty war was carried 
on with inconceivable rancour and carnage, but at length Tyrone made 
overtures of accommodation. The orders sent by Elizabeth upon this oc- 
casion were contradictory and irresolute, when Mountjoy received secretly 
the news of her death ; an event which would probably have occasioned 
fresh disturbances if it had been generally known. He instantly therefore 
pressed Tyrone to accept of conditions before he was acquainted with chat 
event. Tyrone complied, attended the Lord Deputy, and subscribed his 
submission, on condition of a full pardon. He then accompanied the 
Lord Deputy to Dublin, where on hearing of the Queen's death he burst 
into tears, not, as he pretended, from sorrow, but from a sense of his too 
precipitate submission. All the insurgents were pardoned, and general 
tranquillity was restored. 

Upon the death of Elizabeth, however, notwithstanding the surrender of 
Tyrone, and the helpless state of their affairs, a great part of the south of 
Ireland was again in a state of rebellion. To reduce this seditious spirit, 
Mountjoy marched into Munster. At Waterford he found the gates shut 
against him, the citizens pleading that by a charter of King John they 
were exempt from quartering soldiers. Upon this occasion he treated the 
rebellious citizens with severity, and threatened " to draw King James's 
" sword, and cut the charter of King John to pieces ! to level their city 
" with the ground, and strew it with salt 7 -." The spirited conduct of 
Mountjoy intimidated Waterford, and the other cities, and reduced them 
to compliance. The rebellion was now completely suppressed ; to tran- 
quillize the public mind, an act of oblivion and indemnity was passed, and 
a foundation laid for the subsequent measures, which were calculated to 
heal the wounds of civil discord, and to promote the peace and improve- 
ment of the country. And thus the honour of completely reducing this 
island, after a perpetual contest of four hundred and forty years, was 
reserved for Lord Mountjoy. 

Upon the accession of James the First, he was again constituted Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland, on the 2.5th of April, 1603, and was permitted to 
appoint Sir George Carew his deputy. He returned to England the same 
2 Moryson, b. ii. c. ii. p. 336. 


year, with the Earl of Tyrone, and other Irish chieftains, who were favourably 
received; and the Earl was confirmed in his honours and possessions' 1 . 
James appointed Lord Mountjoy of his Privy Council, and on the 21st 
of July, 1603, he was created Earl of Devoxshire, and Master of 
the Ordinance \ The King gave him Kingston Hall in Dorsetshire, two 
hundred pounds a year out of the Exchequer, and as much out of the 
Dutchy, to him and his heirs for ever, the county of Lecal in Ireland, 
with other lands there, after the death of the Countess of Kildare c . He 
built the Castle of Mount Norris in Armagh, and Mountjoy Fort on lake 
Neath in Tyrone. He was one of the Lords present at the arraignment 
of Sir Walter Raleigh; in 1604, one of the commissioners to negociate a 
treaty of peace between England and Spain; and in 160j, a commissioner 
for the arraignment of the traitors in the Gunpowder plot. He had a 
company of horse in Ireland, and was Warden of the New Forest". In 
collecting a fine library, upon the choice of books he frequently consulted 
the celebrated Sir Robert Cotton e . 

Besides his services to his country, the Earl of Devonshire had secured 
the favour of James, by supporting his succession to the throne, and by 
his correspondence with him, during the reign of Elizabeth. The summer 
before he was appointed Lord Lieutenant, he had sent a confidential 
person, named Henry Leigh, into Scotland, " to assure the King that 
" Lord Essex was freed from those ambitious conceits that some of his 
" enemies had sought to possess the world withal ; to give him assurance, 
" that, next to her Majesty, he would endure no succession but his ; and 
" to intimate some course for his declaration in her Majesty's time. That 
" he did this from his duty to her Majesty, and his country, for he could 

1 For the conquest of Ireland, see Leland's History of Ireland, 3 vols, in 4to. Lond. 1773. 
Thomas Stafford's Pacata Hibernia, Lond. 1633. R. Cox's History of Ireland. Winwood's 
Memorials; but above all, Fynes Moryson's Itinerary, in folio, l6l7- He was secretary 
to Lord Mountjoy. See Appendix, XXXVIII. There are some original Letters from 
Lord Mountjoy, from Ireland, to the Queen and others, in the Cotton MSS. Titus, B. 12. 
fol. 13. B. 13. f. 561, 578. C. 6. f. 149. 

b Camden, Dugdale. c Ibid. Moryson. * Stow, Annals, p. 846. Moryson. 

Winwood's Memorials, vol. ii. p. 173, 206. Lond. 1725. e Life of Cotton, p. 26. Cat. 

Biblio. Bodl. 


" not think his country safe, unless, by declaration of a successor, it were 
" strengthened against the assaults of our potent enemies, which pretended 
" a title thereto." 

After his departure for Ireland to take the command of the army, he 
proposed by Leigh, who was sent on a second journey, " that if the King 
" would enter into the course proposed, (I suppose to be proclaimed as 
" the successor to Queen Elizabeth, and to deliver the Earl of Essex,) he 
" would leave Ireland, and with four or five thousand men assist him." 
The King not being prepared to enter into that attempt at the time, the 
business ended, and Leigh on his return was im risoned by Elizabeth, 
ever jealous of any communications with her successor'. 

With all his merit, the Earl of Devonshire was engaged in one unfor- 
tunate affair, which reflects much disgrace upon his memory. Before the 
year 1 jSS, in the life of the Lord Mountjoy his brother, he had paid his 
addresses to the Lady Penelope, the daughter of Walter Devereux, Earl 
of Essex, a lady of great wit and beauty. The attachment was mutual, 
and they were privately engaged to be married to each other. But the 
lady's friends, considering that he was at that time a younger brother, 
with little fortune, disapproved of the match, and disposed of her to Robert 
Lord Rich. This marriage was extremely disagreeable to her, as Lord 
Rich was a man of an ungracious, unsociable, and austere disposition. 
Although she had by him several sons and daughters, her affection for 
Blount revived, they had private meetings, and at length their connection 
became more open, and was publicly censured. At his return from 
Ireland, finding her separated from Lord Rich, and legally freed by a 
divorce, he felt himself bound in honour, as well as affection, to make her 
his wife. He had several children by her before her separation from Lord 
Rich. They were married on the 26th of December, 160.5, and the cere- 
mony was performed by William Laud, then his chaplain, afterwards 
Archbishop of Canterbury. For this marriage Laud was severely reflected 
upon, and King James was so highly displeased, that he never would pro- 
mote him. Laud in his defence alledged that he was ignorant that the 
lady was the wife of Lord Rich ; he was extremely unhappy at the share 
which he had in this business, which he looked upon as one of the greatest 

' Birch's Elizabeth, vol. ii. p. 470. 


/ )>VSYwwXi&*+- 

misfortunes of his life, and he has set clown the day in his diary, and book 
of private devotions, to be observed as a time of fasting and humiliation p. 

Robert Lord Rich, created afterwards Earl of Warwick, by James, in 
16 IS, by this his first wife, Penelope, had three sons, Robert, who succeeded 
him as Earl of Warwick ; Henry, created Earl of Holland ; and Charles, 
who was slain at the Isle of Rhe, in the expedition with the Duke of 
Buckingham, being then a Knight; and four daughters, Lettice, Penelope, 
Essex, and Isabel. For his second wife he married Frances, daughter of 
Sir Christopher Wray, Knight, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, 
widow of Sir George Paul, by whom he had no issue. He died in 16 18, 
about eight months after he was created Earl of Warwick 11 . 

The Earl of Devonshire died at the Savoy in the Strand, the 3d of 
April, 1606, in the forty-third year of his age, after a short illness of a 
fever, and an inflammation of the lungs. He departed with great mildness 
and courage, and said to his friends, " Let Death look never so ugly, I 
•' will meet him smiling." His funeral was celebrated with great pomp 
in Saint Paul's Chapel in Westminster Abbey'. Penelope attributed to 
him three illegitimate sons, Mountjoy Blount, Charles, and Saint John, 
and two daughters, Elizabeth, and Isabel. He left his lady fifteen hun- 
dred pounds a year, besides moveables ; and it was said at the time, that 
of five children which she affirmed to be his at parting from her former 
husband, he provided fo iL flQ more th an__three, leaving the eldest son, 
Mountjoy Blount, between three and four thousand pounds a year, and to 
a daughter six thousand pounds in money k . Belton, in Rutlandshire, was 
one of the manors left to his son ; and it is said that only two-thirds of his 
estates came to Mountjoy Blount, and that the other third went to Sir 
John Baker of Sisinghurst in Kent, nephew to the Marchioness of Exeter'. 
He had no children after his marriage with Penelope. 

5 Archb[i, Abbot's Narrative. Rushworth, vol. i. p. 440. Dugdale, Baron, vol. ii. 
p. 178, 388. Winwood's Memorials, vol. ii. p. 206. Heylin's Life of Laud, p. 57. If a 
legal divorce had taken place, as is stated, I do not see in what Laud was so culpable. 

h Collins's Peerage, vol. ii. p. 237. Ed. 1756. There is a picture of him by Vandyke at 
Waterstock, inscribed, " Robert Rich, Earl of Warwick, father of Henry Earl of Holland." 

' Stow, Moryson. k Winwood, ibid. 

1 Hutchins's Hist, of Dorsetshire, vol. ii. William Cavendish was next created Earl of 
Devonshire in the sixteenth of James I. in whose family the title still continues. The title 
of Mountjoy was revived in the Irish family of Gardiner, Baron and Viscount Mountjoy. 


I shall now give the character of this eminent person as it is minutely 
delineated by Fynes Moryson, his Secretary, who knew him well. 

" He was of stature tall, and of very comely proportion, his skin faire, 
with little haire on his body, which haire was of colour blackish (or inclin- 
ing to blacke) and thinne on his head, where he wore it short, except a 
locke under his left eare, which he nourished the time of this warre, and 
being woven up, hid it in his necke under his ruffe. The crown of his 
head was in his latter dayes something bald, as the forepart naturally 
curled ; he only used the barber for his head, for the haire on his chin 
(growing slowly) and that on his cheekes and throat, he used almost daily 
to cut it with his sizers, keeping it so lowe with his owne hand, that it 
could scarce bee discerned ; as likewise himselfe kept the haire of his 
upper lippe something short, onely suffering that under his nether lip to 
grow at length and full ; yet some two or three 3*eares before his death, he 
nourished a sharpe and short pike devant on his chin. His forehead was 
broad and high; his eyes great, blacke, and lovely; his nose something 
low and short, and a little blunt in the end; his chin round ; his cheekes 
full, round, and ruddy ; his countenance cheereful, and as amiable as ever 
I beheld of any man, onely some two yeares before his death, upon discon- 
tentment, his face grew thinne, his ruddy colour failed, growing somewhat 
swarthy, and his countenance was sad and dejected. His armes were long 
and of proportionable bignes, his hands long and white, his fingers great in 
the ende, and his leggs somewhat little, which he gartered ever above the 
knee, wearing the garter of Saint George's order under the left knee, except 
when he was booted, and so wore not that garter, but a blew ribben in- 
stead thereof above his knee, and hanging over his boote. 

The description of his apparell may be thought a needelesse curiosity, 
yet must I adde some few words thereof, because having promised the 
lively portraiture of his body as well as minde, the same cannot otherwise 
be so lively represented to the imagination; besides that by his clothes 
some disabilities of his body may be conjectured to undertake this hard 
war, and especially the temper of his mind may be lively shadowed, since 
the wise man hath taught us, that the apparell in some sort shewes the 
man. His apparell in court and cities was commonly of white or black 
tafetaes or sattens, and he wore two (yea sometimes three) paires of silke 
2 i 


stockins, with blacke silke Grogran cloakes guarded, and ruffes of comely 
depth and thicknesse, (never wearing any falling band,) black beaver hats, 
with plaine blacke bands, a taflaty quilted wastcoate in summer, a scarlet 
wastcoate, and sometimes both in winter. But in the country, and spe- 
cially keeping the field in Ireland, (yea sometimes in the cities,) he ware 
jerkins and round hose, (for hee never ware other fashion than round,) with 
laced panes of russet cloath, and clokes of the same cloath lined with velvet, 
and white bever hats with plain bands; and besides his ordinarie stockings 
of silke, he wore under bootes another paire of wollen or wosted, with a 
paire of high Iinnen bootehose, yea three wastcoats in cold wether, and a 
thick ruffe, besides a russet scarfe about his necke thrice folded under it ; 
so as I never observed any of his age and strength to keep his body so 
warme. He was very comely in all his apparel], but the robes of Saint 
George's order became him extraordinarilie well. 

For his diet, he used to fare plentifully, and of the best ; and as his 
meanes increased, so his table was better served, so that in his latter time 
no Lord in England might compare with him in that kind of bountie. 
Before these warres, he used to have nourishing brackefasts, as panadoes 
and broths ; but in the time of the warre, he used commonly to breake his 
fast with a drie crust of bread, and in the spring time with butter and sage, 
with a cup of stale beere, wherewith sometimes in winter he would have 
suger and nutmeg mixed. He fed plentifully both at dinner and supper, 
having die choicest and most nourishing meates, with the best wines, 
which he drunk plentifully, but never in great excesse ; and in his latter 
yeares (especially 7 in the time of the warre, as well when his night sleepes 
were broken, as at other times upon full diet) he used to sleepe in the 
afternoones, and that long, and upon his bed. He tooke tobacco abund- 
antly, and of the best, which I thinke preserved him from sicknesse, (espe- 
cially in Ireland, where the foggy aire of the bogs, and waterish foule, 
plentie of fish, and generally all meates with the common sort alwaies un- 
salted and greene rosted, doe most prejudice the health,) for hee was very 
seldom sicke, onely hee was troubled with the head-ach, which duly and 
constantly like an ague, for many yeares till his death, tooke him once 
every three moneths and vehemently held him some three daies ; and him- 
self in good part attributed, as well the reducing of this paine to these cer> 


taine and distant times as the ease he therein found, to the vertue of this 
herbe. He was very neat, loving clenlinesse both in apparell and diet, 
and was so modest in the necessities of nature, as myself being at all 
howers (but time of sleepe) admitted into his chamber, and I thinke his 
most familiar friends, never heard or saw him use any liberty therein, out 
of the priviledge of his private chamber, except perhaps in Irish journeys, 
where he had no vvith-drawing roome. 

His behaviour was courtly, grave, and exceeding comely, especially in 
actions of solemn pompes. In his nature he loved private retirednesse, 
with good fare and some few choice friends. He delighted in study, in 
gardens, a house richly furnished, and delectable for roomes of retrait, in 
riding on a pad to take the aire, in playing at shovel-board, or at cardes, in 
reading play-bookes for recreation, and especially in fishing and fish-ponds, 
seldome using any other exercises, and using these rightly as pastimes, 
only for a short and convenient time, and with great varietie of change 
from one to the other. He was undoubtedly valiant and wise. Hee 
much affected glory and honor, and had a great desire to raise his house, 
being also frugall in gathering and saving, which in his latter daies de- 
clined to vice, rather in greedy gathering, than in restraining his former 
bounties of expence; to that howsoever his retiredness did alienate his 
minde from all action ; yet his desire of honour, and hope of reward and 
advancement by the warres, yea of returning to this retirednesse after the 
warres ended, made him hotly imbrace the forced course of the warre ; to 
which he was so fitted by his wisdome, valour, and frugalitie, that in short 
time hee became a captaine, no lesse wise, wary, and deliberate in counsell, 
than chearfull and bold in execution, and more covetous in issuing the 
publick treasure, than frugall in spending his owne revenewes. And his 
care to preserve his honour, and maintaine this estate, made him (though 
coldly) intertable the like forced course of state counsellor at home after 
the warres : to the mannaging of which affaires he was no less inabled by 
the same valour, wisdome, and many other vertues, had not the streame of 
his nature prevailed to withdraw him from attending them, further then to 
the onely obtaining of these his owne private endes. But surely these dis- 
positions of nature (besides others hereafter to be mentioned) and these his 
private endes, made him of all men most fit for this Irish employment, 
2 i 2 


wherein the Queene and State longed for an ende of the warre, and 
groaned under the burthen of an unsupportablc expence. 

Touching his affecting honour and glorie, I may not omit, that his most 
familiar friends must needes observe, the discourses of his Irish actions to 
have been extraordinarily pleasing to him: so that howsoever he was not 
prone to hold discourses with ladies, yet I have observed him more 
willingly drawne to those of this nature, which the Irish ladies entertaining 
in him, than into any other. And as hee had it that commendable, yea 
necessary ability of a good captaine, not only to fight and mannage well 
abroad, but to write and set forth his actions to the full at home, so I have 
seldom observed any omission of like narrations in him, whereof hee used 
to delate the more weightie seriously, and to mention the smallest at least 
by way of a jeast. 

Touching his studies or bookishness, (by some imputed to him in de- 
traction of his fitness to imbrace an active employment,) he came young 
and not well grounded from Oxford University ; but in his youth at 
London he so spent his vacant houres with schollers best able to direct 
him, as besides his reading in histories, skill in tongues, (so farre as he 
could read and understand the Italian and French, though he durst not 
adventure to speak them,) and so much knowledge (at least in cosmo- 
graphy and the mathematikes) as might serve his owne endes ; he had 
taken such paines in the search of naturall phylosophy, as in divers argu- 
ments held by him of that nature with schollers, I have often heard him 
(not without marvelling at his memory and judgement) to remember of 
himselfe the most materiall points, the subtilest objections, and the 
soundest answers. But his chiefe delight was in the study of divinity, 
and more especially in reading of the Fathers and Schoolmen : and I will 
be bold to say, that of a lay-man, he was (in my judgement) the best 
divine I ever heard argue out of the Fathers, Schoolemen, and, above all, 
out of the written Word, (whereof some chapters were each night read to 
him, besides his never intermitted prayers at morning and night.) 

Further, in his nature he was a close concealer of his secrets, for which 
cause, least they should be revealed, and because he loved not to be im- 
portuned with suites, a free speaker, or a popular man, could not long 
continue his favorite. He was sparing in speech ; but when he was 


drawne to it, most judicious therein, if not eloquent. He never used 
swearing, but rather hated it, which I have seene him often controle at his 
table with a frowning brow and an angry cast of his blacke eye. He was 
slow to anger, but once provoked, spake home. His great temper was most 
seene in his wise carriage betweene the court factions of his time : he was 
a gentle enemy, easily pardoning and calmely pursuing revenge ; and a 
friend, if not cold, yet not to be used much out of the high way, and 
something too much reserved towards his dearest minions ; besides that 
the strength of his judgement made him so confident, as they had more 
power in seconding his counsels, then in diverting or altering them. To 
his servants he was milde, seldome reproving them, and never with ill 
words ; for his looke of displeasure was sufficient to checke them, and 
the best sort nearest him did so well know him, as they served and ob- 
served him, as much almost by his lookes as his wordes. He made no 
servant partner of his secrets, further then his place necessarily gave him 
knowledge thereof: neither could any of them leade him; or if any did, it 
was more by art to know his humours, then power to sway them. I 
cannot say that he was bountifull to them ; some of their places drew 
profit, which could no more be stopped, then the miller can stay the 
draining of his water through his damme gates ; otherwise his gifts to 
them were rare and sparing, so as if it were above an hundred pound, it 
was no morseil for a servant, yet still he kept their hopes so greene, 
as might continue their diligence, and at his death he gave a thousand 
pound by will, to be divided by his executors' discretion among them. 
They who had his eare, might easily reason him with good or ill opinion 
of his servants and strangers, by reason he dranke in their speeches with- 
out uttering them, onely his judgement was excellent to discerne the 
truth of the relation, as well out of the informer's passions, as observing 
the other's actions. He kept his word in publike affairs inviolably, 
without which he could never have beene trusted of the Irish : but other- 
wise in his promises he was delatory and doubtfull, so as in all events 
he was not without an evasion. Lastly, in his love to vveomen, (for as 
wanton peace succeeds bloody warre, so in the last period of his life, after 
the Irish warres, grief of unsuccessefiill love brought him to his last end,) 
he was faithfull and constant, if not transported with selfe-love more then 
the object, and therein obstinate." 

24-6 BLOUNT, EARL OF NEWPORT. book hi. 

Mountjoy Blount, the eldest natural son of the Earl of Devonshire, by 
King James the First was created Lord Mountjoy of Mountjoy 
Fort in Ireland, in 1606. By King Charles the First, in 1627, Lord 
Mountjoy of Thurweston in Derbyshire; and finally, in 1628, Earl 
of Newport in the Isle of Wight. He was appointed Constable of the 
Tower, and Master of the Ordinance, in 1641 . At the marriage of Robert 
Rich, Esquire, grandson of the Earl of Warwick, with Frances the 
youngest daughter of Oliver Cromwell, he was present, with the Protector, 
the Earl of Warwick, Lord Strickland, and others, the 11th of November, 
I637 m . His wife was Anne Botteler, daughter of John, Baron Botteler, 
of Bramfield in Hertfordshire, whose arms were, gules, between six crosses 
patee, fitchie, argent, a fesse counter-compony argent and sable . He 
died at Oxford, in St. Aldate's parish at Oxford, where he had retired with 
the King, on account of the plague in London, the 12th of February 
1665, and was buried in the south isle adjoining the choir in Christ 
Church Cathedral . He had three sons, George, Charles, Henry, and 
two daughters, Isabella, and Anne. Charles, his second son, died at two 
years old, and was buried in Saint Martin's in the Fields, with the follow- 
ing inscription on his monument. 

Hern Viator, 
Infans te panels vult. Carolus Blount, honoratissirni Domini Mountjoy, 
Comitis de Newport, et lectissimce Domince Annce e nobili Bottelerorum, 
in agro Harfordiensi familiu oriundie , films natu secundus, bimulus, hie 
prcemature posuit mortalitatis exuvias. Tantum est. 
Vivus nil poterarn fari, quin morluus infans 
Ecce loquar — " Mortis sis memor, atque vale 9 ." 

The Earl of Newport was succeeded in his title and estates by his 
eldest son George, who died unmarried about forty years of age in 1676, 
and was buried at St. Martin's in the Fields''. His successor was his 
brother Henry, the third Earl of Newport, who married 
Susanna, the daughter of John Briscoe, Esquire, of Grafton in Kent, 
widow of Edmund Mortimer, Esquire, of Derbyshire, and died without 
issue in 1681 r . 

"' Peck's Desiderata Curiosa, No. XIII. " Bigland. " Wood, Fasti, vol. i. 

col. 763. p Stow, 484. « Vincent's Salop. ' Ibid. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, EARL OF NEWPORT. 247 

Of the two daughters of Mountjoy Blount, Earl of Newport, Isabel 
married — Knowles, Earl of Banbury: and Anne, — Porter. In the 
Journals of the House of Commons, on the 5th of September 1643, the 
ladies Isabella and Anne Blount, daughters of the Earl of Newport, were 
permitted to have the Speaker's Warrant to go to Thame in Oxfordshire, 
with Mr. Lawrence Davies, his Lordship's Steward, two men servants, a 
coach and four horses, two saddle geldings, a small trunk of apparell, and 
other necessary accommodations. 

By the death of Earl Henry without children, the legitimate and illegiti- 
mate descendants of the Mountjoy branch, in the eldest male line became 

To return to the other children of the Earl of Devonshire. 

His second son was Sir Charles Blount. His third, Sir Saint John 
Blount, who was created a Knight of the Bath at the coronation of King 
Charles the First, in 1625. Of his two daughters, Elizabeth was the 
eldest. The second, Isabella, became the wife of Sir John Smith, son and 
heir of Sir Thomas Smith, Ambassador to Russia. 

There is an account of a quarrel between Sir Charles Blount, and 
Melger Von Leben, a Dutchman, written and signed by Von Leben him- 
self \ On Christmas-day lo97, Von Leben went to the Chapel Royal 
to see the ceremonies when the Queen attended there, and, it seems, had 
thrust himself into an improper situation. Sir Charles called to him, and 
told him that ' ; it was not his place," and on being questioned afterwards, 
" that he had gone into a place unfit for any stranger, or for any other 
" person under the degree of nobility." The Dutchman irritated, told 
him, " that it was more than his office to tell him so." Sir Charles replied, 
" No, I can tell you more than that by my office, and turn you out of the 
" presence if I list." The Dutchman retorted, " If you be as brave in 
" action as in words you are a brave fellow." Sir Charles observed, " 1 
" am no companion for you." To which Von Leben replied, " You are 
" a proud fellow, but here is no place for these matters." This was fol- 
lowed by a challenge from Von Leben, and several warm letters passed 
between them, but Sir Charles evaded meeting him, apparently upon the 
ground of his being an unworthy antagonist. Von Leben's letters are very 
1 Lansdowne MSS. vol. 98. Art. 16. 

248 BLOUNT, EARL OF NEWPORT. book hi. 

indignant, and Sir Charles, in his answers, usually treats him in an ironical 
and jocular manner. " You shall do well," he says in one, " not to afflict 
" vourself too far for fear of burning agues, which commonly strange blood 
" is subject to in strange countries." They referred the dispute to the 
Earl of Essex, who interfered, and reconciled them. Yet Sir Charles 
wrote subsequently to Leben in an irritating manner, the quarrel was 
revived, but after all he refused to fight him. The whole, with the cor- 
respondence, is stated in Von Leben's account. 

He died about the year 1644: for on the Journals of the House of 
Commons of July the 3d, of that date, Mr. Corbet was appointed to in- 
form the House, whether any composition had been made concerning the 
wardship of the heir of Sir Charles Blount, or any other person that had 
been in actual war against the Parliament, and prohibiting any such com- 
positions. And on the 18th of November in 1652, the name of Sir 
Charles Blount was ordered to be inserted in the bill for the sale of lands 
forfeited to the Commonwealth for treason. 

The youngest brother of Charles Blount, Earl of Devonshire, was Sir 
Christopher Blount, who was Gentleman of the Horse to Queen Eliza- 
beth, and was knighted by Lord Willoughby of Eresby, in Flanders'. 
Letitia, his wife, was the eldest daughter of Sir Francis Knolles, Knight 
of the Garter. Her first husband was Walter Devereux, by whom she 
had issue, Robert, Earl of Essex, Queen Elizabeth's favourite, beheaded 
in 1601 ; and two daughters, one of whom, Penelope, married Lord Rich, 
and afterwards, though illegally, Charles, Earl of Devonshire, as before 
mentioned. Her second husband was Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, 
Queen Elizabeth's first favourite, by whom she had a son who died an 
infant. The Earl of Leicester died in 1.588, and the next year, 1589, she 
married her third husband Sir Christopher Blount". 

In 1588, he was employed in a public capacity in Holland. There is 
an original letter from him in that year, dated Belgium, to the Earl of 

' According to some accounts Sir Christopher was the second son of Thomas Blount, 
Esquire, of Kidderminster, of the Kinlet branch. 

" Kimber and Johnson's Baronetage, 1771, vol. iii. p. 132. In 38 Eliz. he had a grant 
of the manor of Staindelfe in Warwickshire for three lives, and another estate near Tam- 
worth. Dugd. War. p. 825. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, EARL OF NEWPORT. 249 

Leicester, in vindication of himself, and about Lord Willoughby x . He 
had a command under his son-in law, the Earl of Essex, in the expedition 
to Cadiz in 1596. The enterprize against the Western Islands was then 
planned, and Lord Mountjoy, and Sir Christopher Blount were to attempt 
Saint Michael's. In the expedition against the Spaniards, in 1597, he 
served under the Earl of Essex, with Lord Mountjoy, as first Colonel. 
From Weymouth he wrote to the Earl that the land forces were there 
arrived, and gave him some advice as to expedition'. 

He was elected, in 1597, Member of Parliament for Staffordshire, when 
the Countess, his wife, complained in a letter to the Earl of Essex, " that 
'• the Sheriff had wronged him, in preferring Dudley to the first place of 
•■ Knight of the Shire, to which the county had elected Sir Christopher*." 
The Earl of Essex having projected a marriage between his cousin 
Lettice Knollys, daughter of Sir William Knollys, and the eldest son of 
the Earl of Worcester, he employed his father-in-law, Sir Christopher Blount, 
to speak to that Earl upon the affair. Several letters from Sir Christopher 
are still extant, giving an account of the progress of the negociation\ He 
was created Master of Arts at Oxford, the 10th of July, 159S b . 

In the Earl of Essex's desperate designs, in 1601, he was deeply en- 
gaged. It was allotted to him to seize the gate of the palace. When 
they were shut up in Lord Essex's house, he advised Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges to seize Sir Walter Raleigh, who had sent to see him. In the 
Earl's passage into the city, when they were stopped near Saint Paul's by 
the soldiers, Sir Christopher attacked them with great bravery, and 
killed Waite, a stout officer : who had been formerly hired by the Earl 
of Leicester to assassinate him. Sir Christopher being wounded was 
taken prisoner. When all the affair was known from other information, 
he confessed, as the rest did, the particulars of the attempt. Upon his 
trial, being urged with the Earl's own confession, charging him as the 
instigator of the crimes, he exclaimed with a sigh, and his eyes lifted up, 
" O God, thou knowest from what designs I dissuaded the Earl." Full 
proof was brought of his guilt, he was condemned, and beheaded on 

1 Cotton MSS. Galba D. 3. fol. 213. > Birch's Memoirs of Queen Elizabeth. 

' Ibid. a Birch, ii. 3S1. b Wood's Fasti, col. 779. 
2 K 

250 BLOUNT, EARL OF NEWPORT. book hi. 

Tower Hill, on the 18th of March 1601, when he made a long speech, 
recorded in the State Trials. 

Lady Leicester accused him of having sold many of her jewels, and 
other valuable property, at different times, from their first marriage till his 
death, which she specified in a catalogue already published. Amongst 
others, it is there stated, that at his last unhappy coming to London, he 
brought a clock of diamonds, a great table diamond, and one other fair 
jewel of diamonds, the best my Lady had left her. " How he bestowed 
•' them," she says, " God knoweth ." 

His widow survived him till the 25th of December 1634. Over the 
handsome monument which she erected to the memory of her former 
husband, the Earl of Leicester, in the Beauchamp chapel at Warwick, is 
a wooden tablet, with this inscription in gilt capitals. 

Upon the death of the excellent and pious Lady Lettice, Countess of 
Leicester, who died upon Christmas-day in the morning, 1634. 


Look on this vault, and search it well, 
Much treasure in it lately fell; 
We are all robbed, and all do say 
Our wealth was carried this away ; 
And that the theft might ne'er be found 
'Tis buried closely under ground: 
Yet if you gently stir the mould 
There all our losse you may behold. 
There you may see that face, that hand, 
Which once was fairest in the land. 
She that in her younger yeares 
Match'd with two great English peers; 
She that did supply the wars 
With thunder, and the Court with stars; 
She that in her youth had bene 
Darling to the maiden Quene, 

c Nichols's Leicestershire, vol. i. page 53J. Robert Dudley, son to this lady by the 
Earl of Leicester, besides higher accomplishments, was the first person who taught dogs 
to stand at partridges. Ant. Wood. 

chap. in. BLOUNT, EARL OF NEWPORT. 251 

Till she was content to quitt 
Her favour for her favouritt. 


Whose gould thread when she saw spunn, 

And the death of her brave sonne, 

Thought it safest to retyre 

From all care and vain desire, 

To a private countrie cell, 

Where she spent her days so well, 

That to her the better sort 

Came, as to an holy court ; 

And the poor that lived neare 

Dearth nor famine could not feare. 

Whilst she lived, she lived thus, 

Till that God, displeased with us, 

Suffrid her at last to fall, 

Not from him, but from us all; 

And because she took delight 

Christ's poore members to invite, 

He fully now requiis her love, 

And sends his angels from above, 

That did to heaven her soul convey 

To solemnize his own birth-day. 

Gervas Clifton. 

The Mountjoy branch usually bore for their arms quarterly, first, Blount 
nebuly: secondly, Ayala, the two wolves: thirdly, Ayala, the tower: and 
fourthly, vairy for Beauchamp. Their crest was a wolf passant sable, 
between two cornuts out of a ducal coronet, or d . 

At the funeral of the Earl of Devonshire, which was conducted with 
great magnificence, his hearse was adorned with fifteen escutcheons, 
containing the arms which he was intitled to quarter. 1 . Barry of six 
nebuly, or and sable. Blount. 2. Argent, two foxes passant, sable, 
langued gules. A bordure or, seme de saltiers, gules. Ayala. 3. Or, a 
tower with three tops, azure. Sanchet. 4. Vairy, argent and azure. 
Beauchamp. 5. Argent, three fleurs-de-lis, azure. Holte of Westcote. 

'' Biglar.d. Letter to Joseph Blount, Esquire. 
2 K 2 


6. Argent, a fesse, gules, three covered cups in chief, gules. Coleridge. 

7. Sable, a cross ingrailed, or. Ufforde. 8. Gules, a cross sarcellee, 
argent. Beake. 9. Gules, a cross patonce, or. Latymer. 10. Gules, a 
fesse, fusillee de 5 ; argent, sur chacune une escallop, sable. Chaynye. 

1 1 . Or, a chevron gules, a bordure engrailed, sable. Stafford. 12. Azure, 
or gules, billetted, or. A saltier, vairy, argent and azure. Champernon. 

13. Or, on a bend, sable, three horse shoes, argent, nailed sable. Ferrers. 

14. Azure, an eagle displayed, or. Bigburye. 15. Azure, two bars, 
argent. A bend cheeky or, and gules. Leigh of Saint Oswald's. All 
within the order of the garter'. 

Mountjoy Blount, Earl of Newport, bore the same arms, within a bor- 
dure compony, argent, and gules, as a mark of illegitimacy f . 

On an old parchment? are his arms with thirty quarters ; of which 
fifteen are the same with those of the Earl of Devonshire. The other 
fifteen are. 8. Or, a fret, azure. 9. Ermine, three chevrons. A canton, 
gules. 11. Gules, three circular buckles, between eight cross-crosslets, or. 

12. Argent, three pales, wavy, gules. De Valonys. 13. Sable, an arm 
couped at the shoulder, the hand proper, the sleeve and hanging, or, 
bearing a fleur-de-lis. 14. Or, a chief indented, azure. 15. Lozengy, or 
and sable. Blount. 16. Party per pale, azure and gules, a lion rampant, 
or langued, gules. 17. Sable, a fesse argent, between three fleurs-de-lis, 
or. 18. Gules, on a saltier, argent, a pellet. Abergavenny. 19. Or a 
cross patonce, gules. 21. Azure, a cross patonce, or. 23. Sable, a fret, 
or. 24. Azure, four bars, argent. 25. Argent, six lions rampant, 3. 2. 1. 
gules. The whole is within a bordure, compony, argent, and gules. 

The Crest. On an Earl's coronet, a helmet sideways barred. On a 
wreath, or and sable, an eye in the sun. 

Supporters. On the dexter side, a man with a ducal crown on his 
head, and a veil from it falling upon his shoulders. A close gown hang- 
ing down to his heels, gules, girded, or. A mantle, azure, lined, argent. 

On the sinister side, a knight in armour, with a sword by his side. A 
sash gules. On his head a hat sable. 

Motto. Vigilanter gubernasti. 

Sir Charles Blount bore the same four quarters as his father, the Earl of 

' Harl. MSS. No. 1 156. fol. 44. ' Bigland. « Penes Mr. W. Blount. 

252 BLOUNT, EARL OF NEWPORT. book hi. 

6. Argent, a fesse, gules, three covered cups in chief, gules. Coleridge. 

7. Sable, a cross ingrailed, or. Ufforde. 8. Gules, a cross sarcellee, 
aro-ent. Beake. 9. Gules, a cross patonce, or. Latymer. 10. Gules, a 
fesse, fusillee de 5 ; argent, sur chacune une escallop, sable. Chaynye. 

11. Or, a chevron gules, a bordure engrailed, sable. Stafford. 12. Azure, 
or gules, billetted, or. A saltier, vairy, argent and azure. Champernon. 
1:3. Or, on a bend, sable, three horse shoes, argent, nailed sable. Ferrers. 
14. Azure, an eagle displayed, or. Bigburye. 15. Azure, two bars, 
argent. A bend cheeky or, and gules. Leigh of Saint Oswald's. All 
within the order of the garter . 

Mountjoy Blount, Earl of Newport, bore the same arms, within a bor- 
dure com pony, argent, and gules, as a mark of illegitimacy f . 

On an old parchment? are his arms with thirty quarters ; of which 
fifteen are the same with those of the Earl of Devonshire. The other 
fifteen are. 8. Or, a fret, azure. 9- Ermine, three chevrons. A canton, 
gules. 11. Gules, three circular buckles, between eight cross-crosslets, or. 

12. Argent, three pales, wavy, gules. De Valonys. 13. Sable, an arm 
couped at the shoulder, the hand proper, the sleeve and hanging, or, 
bearing a fleur-de-lis. 14. Or, a chief indented, azure. 15. Lozengy, or 
and sable. Blount. 16. Party per pale, azure and gules, a lion rampant, 
or langued, gules. 17. Sable, a fesse argent, between three fleurs-de-lis, 
or. IS. Gules, on a saltier, argent, a pellet. Abergavenny. 19. Or a 
cross patonce, gules. 21. Azure, a cross patonce, or. 23. Sable, a fret, 
or. 24. Azure, four bars, argent. 25. Argent, six lions rampant, 3. 2. 1. 
gules. The whole is within a bordure, compony, argent, and gules. 

The Crest. On an Earl's coronet, a helmet sideways barred. On a 
wreath, or and sable, an eye in the sun. 

Suppoi-ters. On the dexter side, a man with a ducal crown on his 
head, and a veil from it falling upon his shoulders. A close gown hang- 
ing down to his heels, gules, girded, or. A mantle, azure, lined, argent. 

On the sinister side, a knight in armour, with a sword by his side. A 
sash gules. On his head a hat sable. 

Motto. Vigilanter gubernasti. 

Sir Charles Blount bore the same four quarters as his father, the Earl of 

• Harl. MSS. No. 1 156. fol. 44. ' Bigland. * Penes Mr. W. Blount. 


■ Walter le Blount, =-r- Johanna de Sottington 

>untjoy, = Sir John Blount. — — : Eleanor Eeauehani 

brother Sir John m 

i TliOli..!- liloullt. 

Genealogy, No. 15,16. 

, . <].m. ,.1 Unljili 

Juke of 

.1 ijii.un. died K.G. i 

Sir John Byron, of ancestor of the Mounts ol 

Clayton, Lancash. Ivor and Maple-Durham, 

buried at the Grey obiitSEdw. IV Geneal 

Friars, London. No. 14. 

died before his father, 
inEcc-FrSum S 

killcd at Harnett. 

»IoUKTJOY, difd 

lb:>. < ruvernoi 

>n l'!, h, "lie.'k.' - 

ley, of Beverton 

(-...iL-hrcd I ■ , llwi Ml i, 

hn.l.ii: .l.Mill rdfluen ,<ul 
,.,.,.U-Kn ll ;,.,iiii l rL-f.'[Ie., 

Mountjoy, died 
l.lEdw IV Dec. 

Hubert Willoiipnb' 
Ltl. Brooke, Stlwif 

Henry Courtenay, 
Mar<]"uisuf Exeter, 
and Earl of Devon, 
son of Wm. Cour- 

John Cham pern on, 
afterwards of Sir 
Maurice Berkeley, 

arles Blount, r~3 Anne, daurjh and h, ir 
Fifth Lord ofRobcrt U ilk.i.-M.v. 

Baron Brooke, by 1)> 


■ ..... jk/k 

Charlo\ Blount. 

lelope. Robert, Lord Ii 

arles Blount, Krit. 
ed about 16M. 

Mountjoy Blount, = 

joy, 1'"'.,. 

inthe I,h",.i-H-, K iit! 
1628, died 1663. 

tc°ler,' of""Brani. 
field, Herts. 

Sir Saint-John Blount, 

kill, at tin- Coronation 
of Charles I. in I6S5. 


Sir John Smith, 
Thomas Smith, 

1 ' 


1 | .. . 

George, iM Earl r Jr - 1 

Charles, Henry, 3d Earl of Newpobt, = Susanna, daugb, of 

died at two died without issue 1681. John Briscoe, of 

years old. Grafton, Kent, 

chap. in. BLOUNT, EARL OF NEWPORT. 2.53 

Devonshire, with a crescent gules, to denote his being a second son, and a 
bendlet, gules, as a mark of illegitimacy 11 . 

* Bigland. 

It should have been remarked in the account cf Walter le Blount of Rock, that he was 
one of the witnesses to an extraordinary instrument in the reign of Edward the First, by 
which John de Cameys delivers to William Paynel, Knight, Margaret de Cameys his wife, 
and releases to him all her goods and chattels: and agrees that the said Margaret should 
remain with the said William. Both the parties were of noble families, and ihe witnesses 
likewise. In a subsequent Petition to Parliament for dower, in the twenty-eighth year of 
Edward the First, Walter le Blound was her proctor. The case is stated at length, from 
the Records of Parliament, with observations, by Seidell. Uxor Ebraica, p 845. Ed. 



The Blount s of Iver in Buckinghamshire, and Maple-Durham in 

WE proceed now to that branch which was settled first at Iver, in 
Buckinghamshire, and afterwards at Maple-Durham, in Oxfordshire: 
where it still subsists in opulence and respectability. 

These Blounts had the same common ancestors with the Mountjoy 
branch, Sir Walter Blount of Rock, and Johanna de Sodington, Sir John 
Blount of Sodington, and Eleanor Beauchamp, Sir Walter Blount, and 
Sancha de Ayala, Sir Thomas Blount the Treasurer of Normandy, and 
Margaret Greseley. But as Sir Walter Blount, the first Lord Mountjoy, 
was the eldest son of the Treasurer of Normandy, the ancestor of this 
branch was Sir Thomas Blount, the second son, and consequently the 
younger brother of the first Baron Mountjoy". 

Sir Thomas Blount received many marks of favour from his Sove- 
reign. Edward the Fourth, in the second year of his reign, granted to 
him, and his heirs male, the manor of Melton Roos, in Leicestershire, 
late the property of Thomas Lord de Roos, attainted ; all the heredita- 
ments at Lyndewode, called Bayhousfee, in the same county, late belong- 
ing to William Viscount Beaumont, attainted ; and likewise the manor 
of Bayous Fee in Lind\vood b . And, in his fourth year, Melton Roos, 
Wotton and Elsham, a tan house, (barcariam,) and sixty acres of meadow 
in Gouxhill, thirty acres of meadow in the same, the manors of Lyndvvode 
Baions, and Thoresway-Nevill, lands in Winterton, and lands in Teleby, 

1 The reasons for deducing this, as well as the Mountjoy branches, from Johanna de 
Sodington, and Sir John Blount bf Sodington, are given in the last chapter. 
b Rot. Pat. 2 Edw. IV. 

No. 13. 


Arms. Argent, a pale sable. 

John de la Ford. = 

John de la Ford. 

Thomas de la Ford. = Johanna, daughter of John Mylward, 
who bore argent, a cross-moline, 
sable, between three crescents, joules. 

John de la Ford. = Agnes, daughter and heir of Simon 
Spycer. Azure, a chevron between 
three pheons, or. 

William de la Ford. = Fernell, daughter of John Whitton, 
died 1493. Argent, a chevron, 
:-able, charged with five plates. 

Elizabeth, only da. = Richard Blount, 
and heir. 


all in Lincolnshire, late the property of William Viscount Beaumont . 
In the same year he was appointed Treasurer of Calais'*. 

He was twice, or thrice married. His first wife was Agnes, the 
daughter and heir of Sir John Hawley, Knight, descended from Robert 
Hawley of Conon Utterby in Lincolnshire, who bore for their arms, vert, 
a saltier engrailed, or e . By her he had two children, Robert, and Elizabeth. 
Robert, whose wife is unknown, was born in the thirty-seventh of Henry 
the Sixth, 1459, was nine years old at his father's death, and died in the 
sixth year of Henry the Eighth, 1514, leaving children. Elizabeth 
married Richard Hansard, Esquire, who bore, gules, three mullets, 
pierced, argent f . 

His second wife was Catherine, the daughter of Sir Gervase Clifton, of 
Clifton in Nottinghamshire, Knight, who bore, sable, a lion rampant, 
between eight cinquefoils, argent, langued gules. She was by his second 
wife, Alice, the daughter of Sir Thomas Neville of Rolleston in Notting- 
hamshire, who bore, gules, a saltier, ermine?. 

It should seem that he married a third wife, named Isabella. For in 
the Close Rolls of the fifteenth year of Edward the Fourth, 1475, it is 
stated, that Thomas Bryan, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, married 
Isabella, who had been the wife of Thomas Blount, Esquire, deceased, 
and who claimed her dower h . 

Sir Thomas Blount died in the eighth year of Edward the Fourth, 1468, 
when it was found that he was seized of the manors of Melton Roos, 
Wotton, Lindwode, Bayons, and Thoresby ; that Agnes was his wife, and 
Robert their son and heir, and of nine years of age'. 

His only son by his second wife was Richard Blount, Esquire, 
who married Elizabeth, the only daughter and heir of William de la Ford, 
of Iver in Buckinghamshire, by whom he acquired the estate at that place k . 
He purchased part of the estate at Maple-Durham, where he afterwards 

c Rot. Pat. 4 Edw. IV. d Anecd. Record. Coll. Arm. c Bigland 

f Ibid. The issue of both these marriages are in Vincent Eyre's Baronage, fol. 109, a MS. 
in the College of Arms. * Bigland. " R. Dods. MSS. vol. 36. f. 1 18. 

1 R. Dods.MSS. vol. 37. f. 231. Inq. Post Mortem. Ashmole, MSS. Appendix, No. XVI II. 
Art. 24. In all the preceding records he is styled Armiger, but in the Inq. Post Mortem 
he is called Miles. 

* See Genealogy of De la Ford, No. 13. 


resided, and he was Sheriff for Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire, which 
then had but one Sheriff, in the eighteenth year of Henry the Seventh, 
1 J02 1 . It was his will that he should be buried in the chancel in Iver 
church™. His coat of arms was to be seen there in painted glass, but it 
is now destroyed". He died the 31st of November, 1508, and was 
buried according to his request. The monument is still to be seen. It is 
now a flat stone in the chancel, but the present clerk (1820) remembers 
when it was a high monument. There are two figures, and a coat of 
arms at the head and feet of each figure. It is much defaced. The brass 
inscription has been taken away, but the clerk remembers it, and, being in 
Latin, was thus translated to him. " To Richard Blount and Elizabeth 
" his wife, daughter and heir of Richard (William) Ford of this parish. 
'• Obiit November 31, lo08." There are two coats of arms. First, 
quarterly, 1. Ayala, the wolves ; 2. Ayala, the tower; 3. Blount, nebuly ; 
4. Beauchamp, vairy. There is no annulet, or other mark of difference. 
The other coat is the same as the first, impaled with, quarterly, first and 
.fourth, a i>ale ; second and third, a chevron between three pheons, for 
Delaford, and Spycer. 

The parish of Maple-Durham, which from this time became the seat of 
this branch of the family, consists of two manors, Maple-Durham Gurney", 
which is in the Hundred of Binfiekl, and Maple-Durham Chawsey, in the 
Hundred of Langtree. They both now belong to the family, but were 
acquired at different times . 

Maple-Durham Gurnet/, in Domesday book, belonged to William de 
Varine. It came to the Gurneys by the marriage of Girard de Gurney, 
Lord of Gurney in Normandy, with the second daughter of William de 
Varine. Afterwards Juliana de Gurney, sole heir of Hugh de Gurney, 
married William Bardolf, about the time of Henry the ThirdP. During 
this time, as part of the Honor of Wallingford, it was held of Richard 
de Clare, Earl of Gloucester in the forty -seventh of Henry the Third; 
in the twenty-third of Edward the First, of the Crown; in the twenty- 
eighth of the same Kino, of Edmund Earl of Cornwall" 1 . 

1 Thomas Blount. ■ Ashmole MSS. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 50. ■ Hart. 

MSS. Xo 13S6. fol. 104. " From Notes by the Rev Mr. Lefebvre. » IbnL 

i Ibid. Cal. Inquis. Post Mortem in annis. 


The abbess and convent of Clare Ruissel, de Claro Rivulo, in Nor- 
mandy, a few miles from Gournay, possessed the Rectory : a messuage : 
forty-three acres of arable land, and one acre and an half of meadow ; and, 
in the nineteenth of Edward the Third, demised it to Richard Greneborowe, 
an English brother of the house of Eaton'. When this alien priory was 
suppressed, the advowson came into the hands of the Crown, and was 
settled upon Eton College, upon its foundation by Henry the Sixth, in 
his nineteenth year, 1441. The college is still the patron. 

In the forty-ninth of Edward the Third, 1374, Sir Thomas BardolPs 
widow, Isabel, was endowed with the third part of Maple-Durham 
Gurney, by Sir Thomas Blount, as Sheriff of Oxfordshire. Sir Robert 
Bardolf was his heir, who died May 20th, 1395 s . The daughter and heir 
of Sir John Bardolf married Sir Roger Lynde, by which marriage, and 
preceding conveyances, it was transferred to that family; and his successor 
and heir, John Lynde, on the first of February, 1489, sold it to Richard 

The other manor of Maple-Durham Chawsey was not purchased till 
near a century later. 

Before and after the Conquest it belonged to Wigod de Walingford ; 
then to Earl Robert de Diby. Milo Crispinus appears as the owner in 
Domesday-book, and Brian Fitz-Count in the reign of Henry the First. 
Afterwards it was granted to the Chawseys, who were Normans, and held 
it of the Honor of Wallingford, as late as the sixth of Edward the Second, 
in 1312". The subsequent possessors for some years do not appear. On 
the 4th of July, 1527, Richard Bruges, and Anne his wife, purchased it of 
Lyonnel Norris. In the twenty-third of Elizabeth, 4th May, 1580, the 
manor, mansion-house, and demesnes, were conveyed from Anthony 
Bridges to Popham, Hanan, and Clerk, for <£400. And the next year, the 
twenty-fourth of Elizabeth, 1 5S 1 , on the 4th of February, a conveyance 
was made of them from Anthony Bridges, and others, to Sir Michael 
Blount for .£900 \ 

r Calendarium Rotulorum Cartarum, 1S03, page 315, No. 29. Anglicano Confratri 
domus de Eton. 

5 The Deed of Endowment, M. D. Ped. note. ' Ibid. » Ibid. * Ibid. 

2 L 


Richard Blount, and Elizabeth De la Ford, had five children, Barnaby, 
Richard, Elizabeth, Anne, and another Elizabeth 7 . Barnaby, and the 
first Elizabeth, probably died young. Anne married Francis Conyers, 
Esquire, of Wakerley in Northamptonshire, whose arms were, vert, a 
maunch, or. Elizabeth, Thomas Woodford, Esquire, of Burnham in 
Buckinghamshire; who bore, sable, three leopards' heads, reversed, gules, 
jessant-de-lis, argent 2 . 

Sir Richard Blount, the eldest surviving son, was one of the 
Gentlemen of the Chamber^ to Henry the Eighth ; of the Privy Chamber 
to Edward the Sixth b ; in various offices under Queen Elizabeth, and 
Lieutenant of the Tower. He married Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir 
Richard Lister, Chief Justice of England, and sister of Sir Michael Lister, 
Knight of the Bath. He died the eleventh of August, 1564, and was 
buried under a splendid monument in the church of St. Peter in Vincuhs, 
in the Tower, which was erected by his widow. The arms of Lister are, 
sable, between four cocks, a cross, argent, charged with five torteaux, bear- 
in a- each a mullet, or: quartered with gules, a lion rampant, argent, be- 
tween eight crescents, or e . Dame Elizabeth Blount, his widow, made 
her will on the 14th of February, loSl, which was proved the 26th of 
June, loS2, in which year she died. She directed her body to be buried 
at Maple-Durham, and left legacies to many of her children, and grand- 
children, byname 1 '. They had four children, Elizabeth, Michael, Barbara, 
and Richard. 

The second son, Sir Richard Blount, lived at Dodsham, or Dysham, in 
Sussex, and married Elizabeth, the second daughter of William West. 
Lord De la Warr, and she died in 1595, leaving a son and heir, William'. 
West's arms were, argent, a fesse, dancette, of three points sable. Eliza- 
beth was the wife of Nicholas Saint John, of Lediard-Tregoze in Wiltshire, 
Esquire, the eldest son of Sir John Saint John, the ancestors of Lord Viscount 
Bolingbroke: who bore, argent, a bend, gules ; on a chief of the same, two 
mullets, or. Barbara was the wife of Francis Shirley, Esquire, of East 

v Ashmole MSS. Appendix, No. XVIII. Art. 50. z Bigland. * e quatuor 

atriensibus unus. Monument. b a privato cubiculo. c The inscription and 

monument. d Anecd. Rec. Coll. Arm. Bigland. c Collins's Peerage, vol. v. 
p. 36. Bigland. 


Grinstead in Sussex, whose arms were, paly of six, or and azure, a canton 
ermine f . 

Their eldest son, Sir Michael Blount, was born about 1529 ; for 
by an inquisition taken after the death of Sir Richard Blount, in the 
seventh year of Elizabeth, 1564, it was found that he held two parts of the 
manors of Howberland, Healpore, and other lands, and that Sir Michael, 
his son and heir, was thirty-five years old, and held lands in the counties 
of Devon, Somerset, and Oxford?. In 1590 he was appointed Lieutenant 
of the Tower, in which office he succeeded Sir Owen Hopton. There 
is a list of all the prisoners which were delivered by him to Michael 
Blount, Esquire, by indenture bearing date the 6th of July, 1590, the 
thirty-second of Elizabeth. Amongst them is Philip, late Earl of Arundel, 
a close prisoner. Sir Michael acknowledges to have since received Sir 
Thomas Fitzherbert, Sir John Perrott, Sir Thomas Williams, the Bishop 
of Laughlin in Ireland, Sir Nicholas White, Sir Brian Orework, Sir 
Francis Darcy, Mrs. Catherine Lee, and Mrs. Elizabeth Jones. There 
were thirty-one prisoners in all. The indenture is signed Michael Blount, 
and states all the officers in the Tower 1 '. During the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth there was no Constable of the Tower, the Lieutenant supplied 
his place. 

In 1595, Edmund Nevyl, calling himself Lord Latymer, in a letter to 
Nicholas Lambert, the Steward of the Tower, charged Sir Michael Blount 
with treasonable words. No proceedings seem to have taken place upon 
it, and the accusation was probably considered as unfounded'. 

On the 5th of April, 1570, Queen Elizabeth sent her letter of trust to 
him to receive the loan-money. He was Sheriff of Buckinghamshire in 
1576, and of Oxfordshire in 1586 and 1597. In the twenty-fourth year 
of Elizabeth, 1581, on the 4th of February, he purchased the other manor, 
of Maple-Durham Chawsey, as before stated. He soon after erected 
the present mansion house. In the year 1588, jointly with his son 
Richard, he borrowed of John Brockett, of Brockett Hall in Hertford- 
shire, the sum of £1500, probably to supply part of the funds for the 

' Bigland. b Anecd. Record Coll. Arm. h Lansdowne MSS. vol. 65. Art. 1 I. 

'Ibid. vol. 79. Art. 1, 2, &c. and vol. SO. Art. 20; Strype, vol. 4. page 240; and 
Maitland's Flistory of London, vol. 1. p. 149, 1?5. 
2 L 2 


His lady was Mary, the sister and one of the coheirs of Thomas Moore, 
Esquire, of Bicester in Oxfordshire : whose arms were, quarterly, first 
and fourthly, argent, a fesse dancette, of three points, paly of six ; gules, 
and sable, between three mullets of the second. Secondly, argent, a fesse 
between three annulets, gules. Thirdly, barry of six, ermine and gules. 

Upon the death of Charles, Earl of Devonshire, on the 3d of April, 
1606, without legitimate children, Sir Michael Blount claimed the Barony 
of Mountjoy, as the next heir. The claim was preferred to the House of 
Lords in December, and, the proofs not being judged sufficient, it was re- 
jected on the 24th of January following. It was founded upon a suppo- 
sition that Thomas Blount, the father of Richard Blount of Iver, instead 
of being the brother of the first Lord Mountjoy, was the son of an 
Edward, a fourth son of the first Lord Mountjoy. Upon the establish- 
ment of this fact, the whole question turned, for the patent of creation of 
the first Lord Mountjoy was limited to him, and the heirs male of his 
body, and consequently the descendants of his brother could not inherit 
the title. What evidence was produced upon the trial does not appear. 
There are two minutes of arguments, for and against the claim, preserved 
in the Harleian Manuscripts'". It seems extraordinary that direct proof 
could not be obtained of so recent a fact as the birth of a great grandfather 
of a noble family. The existence of a fourth son Edward seems not to 
have been proved. The first Lord Mountjoy, indeed, by his will dated 
the Sth of July, 1474, having left to his son James the manors of Feld, 
Cotton, and Stratton in the Field, in Stafford, Leicester, and Derbyshire, 
with remainder on failure of issue to his son John, to whom he left his 
chattels : what other estates he had not bequeathed he left to his 
son Edward: but this was held to have been his grandson of that name, 
by his deceased son William, who was seven years of age at his death, and 
succeeded him in his title and estates. The arguments from painted windows, 
pedigrees, and coats of arms, seem to have been of an ambiguous nature'. 

k For it, in Harl. MSS. No. 6141 ; against it, No. 1386. No. 104. 

' In confirmation of Sir Michael Blount's being descended from Thomas the second son 
of Sir Walter, the Treasurer of Normandy, it may be observed, that in his coat of arms, 
impaled with Sir John Croke's, who married his daughter, there is a crescent, denoting a 
second son, at Studley Priory, in stone, and painted glass, and on Sir John Croke's monu- 
ment at Chilton. 


Sir Michael was buried in St. Peter's church in the Tower, with a 
handsome monument adjoining that of his father, and exactly resembling 
it. The time of his death is not mentioned on it, but it says that Dame 
Mary, his wife, died the 23d of December, 1592. They had five sons 
and six daughters, Richard, Thomas, Charles, Henry, Robert, Catherine, 
Mary, Anne, Elizabeth, Frances, and a second Elizabeth ; of whom only 
Richard, Thomas, Charles, Catherine, and Frances, survived them m . 

Of the sons of Sir Michael Blount, Thomas Blount, the second, was 
born the 2d of April, lo67 5 and married the daughter and coheir of John 
Brockett, who bore, or, a cross patonce, sable. Sir Charles Blount, the 
third, was born the 5th of November, 1568, and was knighted at Cadiz in 
1596. It is probable that this Sir Charles Blount is the same of whom 
Sir Henry Spelman speaks, that having been in the expedition to Cadiz, 
he was drowned at sea about two years afterwards, in his passage to 
Ireland : which he considers as a judgment upon him for having burnt the 
cathedral church of Pharos in Portugal, notwithstanding Queen Elizabeth, 
when she sent out that expedition, gave particular orders, " that in no case 
" violence should be offered to any churches or sacred things"." Henry, 
the fourth, was born August 17th, 1571? and died without issue. Robert 
was born the 3d of February, 1573. 

Of the six daughters, Catherine, the eldest, who was born April the 
11th, 1563, was married to Sir John Croke, otherwise Le Blount, of 
Chilton in Buckinghamshire, and Studley Priory in Oxfordshire, Recorder 
of London, and afterwards one of the Justices of the King's Bench, who 
will be mentioned in the next book. Mary was born November the 15th, 
1565. Anne and Elizabeth died young. Frances was born February 
the 23d, 1569, and another Elizabeth, July 28th, 15?4°. 

The eldest son, Sir Richard Blount, was born the 28th of June, 
1564, and died November the 22d, 1619. He married for his first wife, 
Cecily, the daughter of Sir Richard Baker, of Sisinghurst in Kent, who 
bore, azure, between three swans' necks, erased, or, with collars of ducal 
coronets, gules, a fesse of the second, charged with three cinquefoils of the 
third. In a chapel on the right side of the choir as you enter the church 

m Monument. n History and Fate of Sacrilege, p. 292. ° Bigland's Pedigree. 

He is there called John Blount, alias Crooke, of Chilton, Bucks, Recorder of London. 


at Canterbury, is a monument with this inscription. " Here lies the 
" Lady Thornhurst, who was sometime wife of Sir Richard Baker of 
'• Sissinhurst, in the county of Kent, who had issue, by the said Sir 
" Richard, two daughters, the Lady Grisogone Lenard, and the Lady 
" Cecily Blount, who departed this present world in the month of May 
" 1609, aged 60 p ." After her death, Sir Richard Blount married Eliza- 
beth the daughter of Sir Francis More, of Fawley in Berkshire, Serjeant 
at Law, whose arms were, argent, a cock sable, wattled gules. 

By his first wife he had four sons, and five daughters ; Charles, Walter, 
Richard, and Lyster : Mary, Eleanor, Elizabeth, Dorothy, and Frances. 

By his second wife he had two sons, Henry and William, and a daughter 
named Jane, who married Sir William Moore of Fawleyi. 

Walter Blount, the second son, was born about 1600, and died April 
the 26th, 1619. Richard, who was born about 1601, married Frances, the 
daughter of Sir John Burroughs, Garter King at Arms, who bore, gules, 
on a cross, or, five mullets of the field. He was appointed a Commis- 
sioner for the loan-money for Oxfordshire, by King Charles the First, in 
1626% and was Sheriff for Oxfordshire in the same year. Lister Blount 
lived at Bicester in Oxfordshire, was the godson of Charles Lister, Esquire, 
of New Windsor, and married Jojxe, the daughter of Sir Alan Apsley, 
Lieutenant of the Tower, by whom he had a son named Lyster, who died 
in his third year, January 20, 1633, and is buried in the Tower. After his 
death she married William Ramsey, Earl of Dalhousie, died the 2d of 
April 1663, and was buried at Saint Mary's Church in the Savoy 5 . This 

'' Note to Bigland's Pedigree. 

'< Biglind gives no children by Elizabeth More, and makes all the sons to have been by 
Cecily Baker, omitting Walter, and three (laughters, Jane, Eleanor, and Frances. But on 
the monument of Sir Richard Blount, and Cecily Baker, it is stated that they had four sons, 
Charles, Walter, Richard, and Lyster, and five daughters, Mary, Eleanor, Elizabeth, Doro- 
thy, and Frances. This is conclusive as to the names, order, and number of the children 
of Sir Richard and Cecily Baker. It follows therefore that the two sons, Henry and 
William, and the daughter Jane, must have been by Elizabeth More If Sir Richard died 
on the 22d of November in 1C19, and Cecily Baker on the 21st of December in the same 
year, as stated by Eigland, she must have been his second wife, and Elizabeth Moore the 
first. It is unfortunate that there are no papers in the family which can clear up these 

' Pat. Rhymer, vol. viii. part 2. 

* See her epitaph, View of London, 1708. vol. ii. p. 400. 


Charles Lister, by his will dated the 23d of October, 1613, devised to Sir 
Richard Blount, a lease for a thousand years of lands called Coxwell in 
Berkshire, for erecting an hospital or free-school at Bicester, or Maple- 
Durham. Sir Richard, Elizabeth Blount his daughter, and Peter Orde, 
were appointed Executors, and proved the will on the 9th of November, 
1613. These alms-houses were built at Maple-Durham about 1629, con- 
sequently by Sir Charles Blount, son to Sir Richard'. The coat of arms 
of Sir Alan Apsley was, quarterly, first and fourthly, barry of six, argent 
and gules, a canton ermine. Secondly, quarterly, ermine and azure, the 
latter charged with a leopard's head, or. Thirdly, or, a pheon, azure. 

Henry died in 1622. Of William we shall speak hereafter. Of the 
daughters, Eleanor married George Brown, of Caversham, son and heir 
to Sir George Brown, second son to Anthony Brown, Viscount Montague, 
who bore, sable, three lions passant between four cottises argent, langued, 
gules. Frances to William Dormer, Esquire, third son of Sir John 
Dormer of Dorton in Buckinghamshire, whose arms were, azure, ten 
billets, or 4. 3. 2. 1. On a chief of the second, a demi lion rampant 
issuing from the field, sable, langued, gules. Jane to Sir William Moore 
of Fawley", whose arms have been before given. 

To return to the inheritable children of Sir Richard Blount and Cecily 
Baker. Sir Charles Blount, the eldest son, was born about 1598, 
and married Dorothy, the daughter and sole heir of Sir Francis Clerke of 
Houghton Conquest, and relict of Sir Edmund Wylde. Clerke bore, 
party per chevron, azure and or. The first charged with three leopards' 
heads of the second. The second with an eagle displayed of the first. In 
1642 and 1643, Sir Charles's house at Maple-Durham was plundered by 
the Parliament army". He was killed at Oxford, June the 1st, 1644, as 
was reported by one of his own captains, and his estates were ordered to 
be sold by the Parliament, November the 18th, 1652. His wife was 
buried October the 19th, 1646, and her will was proved March the ISth, 
1647. Her daughter Elizabeth was sole Executrix, under the guidance 
of William Day, Vicar of Maple-Durham y . 

The eldest son of Sir Charles, Michael Blount, Esquire, died in 

1 M. D. P. notes. " Bigland. s Coates's History of Reading, pages 24, 26. M. D. 
P. notes. y M. D, P. notes. 


1 649, about twenty years of age, without issue. He was slain by a foot- 
man near Charing Cross, on the 25th of April 7 . 

His second son, Walter Blount, was twice married ; first to Philippa 
Benlowes of Essex, who died in 1667- Secondly, to Dorothy, daughter 
of Edmund Plowden, of Plowden in Shropshire, Esquire, who survived 
him. By the first he had no children, by the last a daughter, named 
Teresa Elizabeth, who died an infant. He died in May 16? L and by a 
deed of settlement dated February the 5th, 1670, he settled the Maple- 
Durham estate on Lyster Blount, his first cousin, son of his uncle William. 
There was a third son of Sir Charles Blount, named James, who died in 
167L and two daughters, Anne and Elizabeth. Anne married, first, John 
Swinburn, Esquire, of Capheaton in Northumberland ; secondly, Francis, 
Godfrey, Esquire, by whom she had six children. Benlowes bore, 
quarterly, per fesse dancette, gules and or. Over all a bend of the second 
charged with a cinquefoil between three falcons, azure, collared, or. 
Plowden, azure, a chevron dancette of two points. In chief two fleurs-de- 
lis, or. Swinburn, party per fesse, gules and azure, three cinquefoils, 
counter changed. 

This William, the son of Sir Richard Blount, and his second wife 
Elizabeth More, to whom we must now look for the succession of the 
Maple-Durham estate, married Elizabeth the daughter of Sir Ralph de la 
Val, of Seton Laval in Northumberland, who was made a baronet in the 
thirteenth year of Charles the Second, the 29th of June, 1660; and his 
wife was Anne, the daughter of Alexis Leslie, first Earl of Leven in 
Scotland. Elizabeth died the 22d of March, 1706, a widow. He was of 
Kidmore End, and died in 1676\ De la Val bore, ermine, two bars, 

Two of his sons, Walter, and Charles of Kidmore End, both died 
without issue, the latter in 1691- His son Lyster Blount, to whom 
the estate was given by his cousin Walter, was born in 1654, and married, 
about the year 1683, Martha Englefield, daughter of Anthony Englefield, 
of White Knights in Berkshire, Esquire, and Alice Stoker of London. 
He died the 2oth of June, 17 10, and his wife March the 31st, 1743, in 

1 Maple-Durham Register. ■ Ibid. 


Welbeck Street, Cavendish Square, aged SO 1 '. Englefield bore, barry of 
six, gules and argent. On a chief or, a lion passant, azure. 

Their issue were three sons, and as many daughters. William the 
eldest, born February the 6th, 16S4, died the same year. Richard, the 
third, born the 6th of August, 1696, died the 4th of March, 1702. Teresa 
Maria, the eldest daughter, was born at Paris, October the 1.5th, 1688, 
and died unmarried the 7th of October, 1759, in the parish of Saint Mary- 
le-Bone, and was buried in Saint Pancras. Anne, the youngest, born the 
2Sth of November, 1694, died an infant. Martha Blount, the second, 
was born the 15th of June, 1690, and died July the 12th, 1763. By the 
will of Lyster Blount, dated May the 15th, 1710, it was directed, that if 
his son Michael should die without issue, Martha was to inherit Maple- 
Durham, and her eldest sister Teresa Maria, being born an alien, was to 
have twelve thousand pounds . 

Teresa Maria, and Martha Blount, were the intimate friends of Pope. 
Martha, and probably her sister, received the first rudiments of their 
education at a Mrs. Cornwallis's at Hammersmith*. Afterwards they 
were placed at Paris, under the tuition of Mrs. Meynell, and Miss Lyster, 
in the Rue Boulanger e . 

Their acquaintance with Pope first began at the house of their grand- 
father Englefield, at White Knights, near Reading, who was a great lover 
of poetry and poets, and who highly admired Mr. Pope. Martha observes, 
that she was then a very little girl, and though her uncle used to say much 
of Mr. Pope, she did not attend to it at that time'. The nearness of 
Maple-Durham, White Knights, and Binfield, and the general attention 
which was paid to the poet's rising reputation, produced an intimacy 
between the families, which was cemented by the conformity of their 
religious and political sentiments. Teresa was of the same age with Pope, 
and Martha two years younger. Their acquaintance ripened into friend- 
ship and affection. Pope was flattered by the attention of two beautiful 
young women, and they were equally gratified by the partiality of the first 

" By some notes left by Martha Englefield it appears, that her father, Anthony Englefield, 
died Jan. 16, 1711. Her mother Englefield, November 27, 1693. Her mother Stoeker. 
March SI, 1693. Her mother Blount, March 22, l~06. M. D. P. notes. 

c M. D. P. notes. d Their mother's letter, January, 1703. e From Maple- Durham 
notes. ' ^pence's Anecdotes by Singer, page 356. 
2 M 


poet of the age. He became their principal friend and adviser, and, upon 
the death of their father, in 17 11, interfered in settling their affairs. He 
was attached to both the sisters, but it seems that Teresa was first the 
chief object of his affections, and it has been thought that he had even 
some views of a matrimonial connexion with her. There is a deed of the 
10th of March, 1717, by which he settled upon her an annuity of forty 
pounds a year, for six years, on condition that she should not be married 
during that term^. Yet as Pope had at that time secured his fortune, by 
the subscription to the Iliad, had purchased, in 171-5, his house at Twicken- 
ham, and was twenty-nine years of age, if he had ever entertained any 
thoughts of that nature, there was no reason why he should not have then 
endeavoured to have carried them into effect. But with a person of Pope's 
constitution, matrimony was certainly out of the question''. 

His affections at length were settled upon Martha. I cannot better 
describe his connexion with her, than in the words of Dr. Johnson, in his 
Life of Pope. " Their acquaintance began early : the life of each was 
" pictured on the other's mind ; their conversation therefore was endearing, 
" for when they met, there was an immediate coalition of congenial 
" notions." Besides the common offices of friendship, the continued in- 
firmities of Pope required the soothing attentions of female kindness. In 
his hours of weakness and pain, he experienced from Miss Blount those 
consoling services. They were often together, and, when absent, a con- 
tinual correspondence was carried on between them. 

Upon a visit of Miss Martha Blount and Pope to his friend Allen at 
Bath, in 1742, a violent quarrel took place between Miss Blount and the 
Aliens, the occasion of which has never been satisfactorily cleared up. It 
has been said to have arisen from Mr. Allen's refusal to lend her his chariot 
to go to a Popish chapel, which, as Mayor of the City, he thought im- 
proper; from Martha Blount's arrogance ; or from a mere female squabble' ; 
but it was expressly stated by Mr. Allen to Pope, " that it all rested upon 
" a mutual misunderstanding between the two ladies"." In his will, 
Pope bequeathed to Mr. Allen the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds, 

» Maple-Durham notes. h Letter 20, page CO. Bowles's Edit, of Pope, vol. 10. 

' See Johnson's Life of Pope. The letters in Bowles's Edition, vol. 10. Sp.ence's Anec- 
dotes, page 357- k Letter 20, page 00. Bowles's Ed. of Pope, vol. 10. 


" being, to the best of his calculation, the amount of what he had received 
' ; from him, partly for his own use, partly for charitable purposes," or, if 
he refused to receive it, he was " to employ it for the benefit of the Bath 
" hospital." Pope certainly retained some indignation for what he 
thought improper behaviour to his friend Miss Blount, as well as himself, 
and perhaps took this method of shewing it ; but his resentment was not 
very violent, since he corresponded with that gentleman till his death, and 
bequeathed his library to him. It has been said by Johnson, that " Martha 
" Blount refused any legacy from Pope, unless he left the world with adis- 
" avowal of obligation to Allen," and that he then " polluted his will with 
" female resentment." Yet Martha Blount positively denied it, and 
declared that " she had never read his will ; that he mentioned to her the 
" part relating to Mr. Allen, and that she advised him to omit it, but 
' ; could not prevail upon him so to do, and that she had a letter of his on 
" that subject, which she sent to Mr. Hooke 1 ." 

Pope's friendship for Martha Blount continued till his death. She is 
said, but I know not upon whose authority, to have neglected him with 
shameful unkindness, in the latter time of his decay. " While he was vet 
' ; capable of amusement and conversation, as he was one day sitting in the 
" air with Lord Bolingbroke and Lord Marchmont, he saw his favourite. 
" Martha Blount at the bottom of the terrace, and asked Lord Bolingbroke 
" to go and hand her up. Bolingbroke, not liking his errand, crossed his 
" legs, and sat still ; but Lord Marchmont, who was younger and less 
" captious, waited on the lady, who. when he came to her, asked, What, 
" is he not dead yet m ?" But it must be remembered, that the nature of 
such questions depends much upon the mode of asking them, and a simple 
inquiry may be converted into a malevolent wish by the manner of stating 
it. As to her inattention to him, it must be recollected, that she was not 
resident at Twickenham ; that though his health had been declining, his 
death was in some degree sudden, and that on the eve of his dying he was 
well enough to take an airing in Bushy Park, and to dine with company 
at home. A confessor, and Mr. Pope was attended by one, might think 
it his duty in those awful hours, to keep from his dying penitent the dan- 
gerous impressions of worldly affections, and too tender attachments. 

1 Spence's Anecdotes by Singer, page 357. ro Johnson's Life of Pope. 
2 M 2 


By this will, dated a few months before his death, he bequeathed to her 
one thousand pounds, the furniture of the grotto, the urns in his garden, 
and other goods, and the interest of his other property for her life. 

A connexion of so intimate a nature, between two persons of different 
sexes, could scarcely subsist, but the busy tongues of malice, or idleness, 
not to mention the virulence of party, would put an improper construction 
upon it. Some faint whispers of this kind occasionally arose ; that so 
little calumny was excited is most to be wondered at, and can only be 
accounted for by the absence of suspicious circumstances to serve as a 
basis for it to rest upon. To this head may be referred the ill-natured 
observation of Mr. Duncombe, in a letter to Archbishop Herring, at the 
time of Pope's death, " that he was married to Miss Blount, or ought to 
" have been' 1 ;" and a report, probably without foundation, since it only 
appears in a marginal note by George Steevens, that Pope wished to have 
married Miss Blount in articulo mortis . 

These calumnies have lately been revived; yet to support them, no in- 
stances of an improper familiarity are related. It is certain that Martha 
Blount never resided in the house of Mr. Pope, and it is admitted that 
" whatever there might be of criminality in the connexion, it did not take 
" place till the hey-day of youth was over, that is, after the death of her 
" brother, when he was thirty-eight and she thirty-six p ." 

The principal circumstance relied upon to support this charge are the 
letters which passed between them, some of which have been published, 
and others are still in manuscript 15 . They indeed abound in strong ex- 
pressions of love, and there are certainly some passages which cannot be 
reconciled with our modern ideas of delicacy ; but they are capable of a 
full explanation, perfectly consistent with the innocence of the parties. 

It is well known, that after the Restoration, an abhorrence for the 
hypocrisy of the fanatics, and the dissolute character of Charles the 
Second, had introduced the grossest licentiousness of manners. Vice 
became fashionable, and was openly professed by all gentlemen who 
pretended to elegance, and politeness. It was Pope's misfortune, that 

n Bowles, vol. x. page 55. note. ° Ibid. vol. i. page cxvii. 

p Bowles's edition of Pope's works, vol. i. p. cxxviii. See the Quarterly Review.. Xo. 
46, for October, 1820. 

q In the possession of Michael Blount, Esquire, of Maple- Durham. 


some of his earliest acquaintance were of this school, and Trumbull, 
Wycherley, and Bolingbroke, who fostered his rising talents, were 
accomplished rakes. It was natural for a young man to look up to such 
examples; and though Pope's constitution effectually prevented his 
becoming an actual debauchee, yet he affected the language of dissipation, 
and became an hypocrite, not of an unusual kind, in professing vices which 
he was unable to practise. Hence the air of a man of pleasure, which 
pervades all his correspondence. 

The stile in which women were then addressed was very different from 
the present. Letters to them were filled with the most overstrained 
flattery, and professions of love ; what was intended, and received, as mere 
compliment, was conveyed in expressions of the most ardent passion, and 
occasionally seasoned with a profligacy of sentiment and language, which 
would not now be tolerated. This tasteless bombast, and disgusting 
indecency, appears in the comedies of the times, the mirrors of real life, 
and, which is directly in point, in Voiture's letters, which were universally 
read, and admired, as the finest models of epistolary excellence. An 
author, of whom Pope said, in his epistle to Miss Blount, with a present of 
his works, 

In whose gay thoughts the loves and graces shine, 

And all the writer lives in every line'. 

A stile of writing, thus fashionable and universal, has been construed into 
serious love ; and mere badinage is brought as a proof of a criminal con- 
nexion 8 . For it may be truly asserted, that in all the letters already 
published there is no allusion, or reference, directly or indirectly, to any 
illicit commerce between the parties. And I am assured by a gentleman 
of veracity, who has read the manuscript letters, that the same observation 
applies equally to them. Yet if such a connexion subsisted, it is difficult to 
conceive why it has not made its appearance in a correspondence, which 
was under no restriction from motives of delicacy. 

The letters are equally fulsome to both the ladies ; and it can scarcely be 
supposed that a man was carrying on an intrigue with two sisters, in each 

r Pope's Works. 

1 For instance, the letter to Teresa, No 7, in Warburton's edition. Lttters 7, 9, 13, 
25, in Bowles, vol. 10. 


other's confidence. It has been alledged, that Pope concealed his bad 
designs till the death of their brother, in 1726, who must be supposed to 
have been the guardian of their honour, and a check upon his conduct, 
" After that event, Pope was much more explicit than he had ever been 
" before, respecting the nature of his feelings towards Miss Martha 1 ." 
Yet it happens unfortunately for this ingenious surmise, that Mr. Edward 
Blount was not their brother, but was of the Sodington family, lived at 
Blagdon in Devonshire, and was very distantly related to them, as appears 
in the account of that branch of the family". Besides two who died 
infants, the Miss Blounts had no other brother than Michael Blount of 
Maple-Durham, Esquire, who died in 1739. 

Without stronger proof than has yet been brought, can it be believed 
that a man of honour, and moral character, would so dishonourably have 
corrupted the daughters of a family, with which he was living in such 
habits of friendship; or that young ladies of such respectable connexions, 
and so highly educated, would have so completely disgraced themselves, 
by becoming, as they have been lately called, the cheres amies of a poet"? 
Especially, when the gallant Lothario, the gay seducer, was a little 
miserable object, so weak that he could not hold himself upright without 
stays, so sickly that his whole life was a continued illness, and of such frail 
materials, that he could scarcely be kept alive without constant care and 
attention ? 

In the absence of all positive facts, the testimony and opinion of con- 
temporaries, of those who well knew the parties, is the best evidence that 
can be procured ; but this is conclusive to the purity of their connexion. 
Martha Blount enjoyed not only the favour of her own family, but was 
honoured with the friendship and intimacy of persons of rank and respect- 
ability till her death. The names of Mr. Lyttleton, Lord Cornbury, Mr. 
Cleland, Judge and Mrs. Fortescue, Lady Gerard, Mr. and Mrs. Price, 
the Duchess of Queensbury, Lady Merchant, Mr. Caryl, Lady Cobham, 
Mrs. Speed, Mrs. Grevill, Lady Archibald, Sir John and Lady Swinburn, 
Mr. Southwell, Mrs. Nugent, Lady Suffolk, Mr. Berkley, and Mrs. Elliot, 
appear in her correspondence as her constant friends and associates. 

But besides the general presumption in her favour, from the respect 

1 Bowles, vol v iii. page 49- " Chapter I. * Bowles. 


with which she was treated by women of honour and virtue, there are 
some more particular testimonies of impartial witnesses to the purity of 
her character. In the collection of original letters of Martha Blount, now 
preserved at Maple-Durham, there is one dated at Bath, January the 13th, 
1747, from Mr. William Chapman, the priest of the Catholic chapel there. 
Speaking of the satisfaction he had experienced in her company at a Mrs. 
Edwin's, whose husband was connected with Mr. Allen, and a friend of all 
the parties, he says, " I believe I shall never forget that remarkable 
" instance of the true Catholic spirit you then displayed, and I must 
" frankly own, that this, and indeed the whole of your behaviour that 
" evening, has left such tender and affectionate concern for your eternal 
" interest in my mind, that it has often vented itself since in the most 
" earnest application to heaven in your behalf." 

There is likewise a letter of condolence, written by the Reverend Mr. 
Thomas Philipps, the author of the life of Cardinal Pole, to Martha's 
nephew, Michael Blount, upon her death, and dated at Worcester, July 
the 19th, 1763. " I may truly say, the death of few persons would have 
" been so sensible to me as that of Mrs. Blount. I had known her 
" intimately twenty years, and found I had reason to value in proportion 
" as I was acquainted with her. Her conversation was not entertaining 
" only, but improving in a very uncommon degree ; and though I have 
" not enjoyed it these two years past, and when I left London I had but 
" a slender prospect of having ever again that advantage, yet I have often 
" reflected with satisfaction on the many agreeable and instructive hours 
" I have passed in it. It is hard to say if she was more estimable for 
" good sense, and universal knowledge, or for being exempt from all 
" affectation, and desire of appearing to have any other merit than what 
" usually falls to women of her rank." 

After the death of Mr. Pope, the 30th of May 1744, Martha Blount 
removed from her mother's house in Welbeck Street, to Mr. Pope's house 
in Berkley Street, Berkley Square, for the lease of which she paid 3\5 
pounds. Here she lived with her sister Teresa till their deaths. That of 
Martha happened on the 12th of July 1763, when she was 73 years of 
age, and that of Teresa on the 7th of October 1759, when she had reached 
her 71st year. 


Of the friendship between Pope and these ladies, some monuments 
remain in his works. 

The coronation of George the First was celebrated on the 20th of Sep- 
tember, 1714. Upon this occasion Pope wrote the verses to Mrs. Blount, 
On her leaving the town after the coronation. It has usually been sup- 
posed that they were addressed to Martha, but Teresa was certainly the 
subject of them. Zephilinda was a name assumed by Teresa, and she 
corresponded under it with James Moore, afterwards Sir James Moore 
Smith, who called himself Alexis. Martha was Parthenia?. 

As the Epistle to Mrs. Blount, with the Works of Voiture, is to the 
same lady, this must be Teresa likewise z . 

But the other copy of verses is expressly, To Martha Blount on her 

One, or the other, or both, of the sisters are occasionally addressed, or 
alluded to, in other poems. In the Epistle to Jervas, printed in 1717- he 


Beauty, frail flower, that every season fears, 
Blooms in thy colours for a thousand years — 
Each pleasing Blount shall endless smiles bestow, 
And soft Belinda's blush for ever glow 6 . 

These lines in the Epistle to a Lady, on the Characters of Women, 
describing the picture of an estimable woman, were justly supposed to be 
intended for Martha Blount, and that the Epistle was dedicated to her. 
It was published about the year 1734. 

And yet, believe me, good as well as ill, 
Woman's at best a contradiction still. 
Heaven when it strives to polish all it can 
Its last best work, but forms a softer man; 
Picks from each sex, to make the Favourite blest, 
Your love of Pleasure, our desire of Rest : 
Blends, in exception to all general rules, 
Your taste of Follies, with our scorn of Fools. 
Reserve with Frankness, Art with Truth ally'd, 
Courage with Softness, Modesty with Pride ; 

» Warburton's Pope, vol. vi. p. 44. ' Ibid. p. 41. 3 Ibid. p. 65. b P. AO. 


Fixed Principles, with Fancy ever new; 

Shakes all together, and produces — You. 

Be this a Woman's Fame: with this unblest, 

Toasts live a scorn, and Queens may die a jest. 

This Phcebus promised (I forget the year) 

When those blue eyes first opened on the sphere ; 

Ascendant Phoebus watched that hour with care, 

Averted half your Parents' simple prayer; 

And gave you Beauty, but deny'd the Pelf 

That buys your sex a Tyrant o'er itself. 

The generous God, who Wit and Gold refines, 

And ripens Spirits as he ripens Mines, 

Kept Dross for Duchesses, the world shall know it, 

To you gave Sense, Good-humour, and a Poet c . 

In his Imitation of Horace's Ode to Venus, written about his fiftieth 
year, between 1730 and 1740, he alludes to his former love to Martha, 
and apostrophizes her. 

With me, alas ! those joys are o'er ; 

For me the vernal garlands bloom no more. 
Adieu ! fond hope of mutual fire, 

The still-believing, still-renewed desire; 
Adieu ! the heart-expanding bowl, 

And all the kind Deceivers of the soul ! 
But why ? ah tell me, ah too dear ! 

Steals down my cheek th' involuntary tear ? 
Why words so flowing, thoughts so free, 

Stop, or turn nonsense, at one glance of thee ? 
Thee, drest in Fancy's airy beam, 

Absent I follow thro' th' extended dream ; 
Now, now I seize, I clasp thy charms, 

And now you burst (ah cruel !) from my arms; 
And swiftly shoot along the Mall, 

Or softly glide by the Canal, 
Now shown by Cynthia's silver ray, 

And now on rolling waters snatched away d . 

■ Warburton's Pope, vol. iii. p. 232. Martha had light blue eyes. The portraits of both 
tKp sisters are at Maple-Durham, and have been engraved for Bowles's edition of Pope's 

" Ibid. vol. vi. p, 29. 

2 N 


These verses are inconsistent with the supposition of an improper con- 
nexion, since all he regrets is the hope of mutual fire. 

In Warburton's edition of Pope's Works, several letters from him to 
these ladies were published 6 ; and Mr. Bowles has added some others, 
which he procured from Mr. Blount of Maple-Durham. There are like- 
wise a few from Martha Blount, which are easy, elegant, sensible, and 
unaffected f . 

Michael Blount, Esquire, the eldest surviving son of Lyster, was 
born at Maple-Durham, on the 26th of March, 1693. In 1715 he married 
Mary Agnes, the daughter and one of the coheiresses of Sir Henry Joseph 
Tichborne, and his wife Mary Kempe, the daughter of Anthony Kempe, 
Esquire, of Slindon. Mary Agnes was born in 1695. Her arms were, 
vairy, a chief, or. Those of Kempe, gules, three gerbs, within a bordure 
ingrailed, or, Sir Henry Joseph Tichborne had three daughters, Mary 
Agnes, the eldest : Frances Cecily, the second, married to George Brownlow 
Doughty, Esquire, of Snarford Hall in Lincolnshire, who bore, argent, 
two bars, between three etoiles of six points sable, pierced, or: and 
Mabilla, the youngest, who was the wife of Sir John Webb, Baronet, 
whose arms were, gules, a cross between four falcons, or. Mr. Michael 
Blount died at Winchester, the 2d of November, 1739, and was buried at 
Tichborne in Hampshire. His lady survived till the 19th of May, 1777, 
and was buried at Maple-Durham. 

They had three sons, and two daughters; Michael, Henry Tichborne, 
Walter ; Mary, and Frances. 

For the following account of Mr. Henry Tichborne Blount, I am in- 
debted to the Reverend Mr. Lefebvre. 

" Henry Tichborne Blount, the second son of Michael Blount, Esquire, 
of Maple-Durham in Oxfordshire, and Mary Agnes his wife, eldest 

' Letters to several Ladies, vol. vii. p. iii. Letters 7, 8, 9, in 1714. Letter 11, in 1715, 
to Teresa. Letter 13, 15, to Martha. 1 6, to Teresa. 17, to Martha. In Letters to and 
from several persons from 1721 to 1732, vol. viii. Letters 27, 28, and 46, to Martha. 

' A short letter from Martha, vol. viii. Letter 38, p. 314. Thirty-seven letters to the 
two sisters, vol. x. A joint letter from Martha and Pope, in 1736, to Mrs. Nugent, vol. x. 
p. 120. Swift to Martha, and her answer, ibid. p. 125. The Duchess of Queensbury to 
Martha, p. 131. Lady Temple to the same, p. 133. Martha Blount to Mrs. Price, p. 136- 
George Arbuthnot to Martha, p. 138. Lady Gerard and Martha to dine with Pope, 
p. 201. 


daughter of Sir Henry Joseph Tichborne, of Tichborne, Hants, born De- 
cember the 6th, 1723, was educated at the English College at Douay, 
and took Priest's Orders at Arras the 30th of March, 1748. After being- 
made Priest, he resided some time at the English Convent of the Car- 
thusians, at Newport in Flanders, with the intention of his entering on 
his noviciate, but which he was obliged to relinquish on account of his 
health. He then removed to England, and after having remained there 
some time with his own relatives, toward the middle of 1750, he went to 
France, where he lived at Angers till the summer of 17-51, when he made 
an excursion to the north of Italy. After having visited Turin, Genoa, 
and several other places in those parts, he returned to France, where he 
does not appear to have had any fixed place of residence till the month of 
May, 1752, when he went to Rouen in Normandy, where he undertook 
the office of second chaplain of the English poor Clares. 

In 1758, he left Rouen, and went to Eslerchin, near Douay in Flan- 
ders, where the Honourable James Talbot had purchased a house, and 
established a school for boys preparatory for the College at Douay, and at 
which he (Mr. Talbot) presided until he was made coadjutor to Bishop 
Chaloner, when he was replaced at the said school by the Rev. Henry 
Tichborne Blount as his representative, and who continued there till he 
removed to England, and resided with Bishop James Talbot, in London, 
until 1770; at which time he was appointed President of Douay College, 
in the place of Dr. Green, who was rendered unequal to the office by ill 
health. Mr. Tichborne Blount remained in that situation till about the 
year 1780, when he resigned it to the Rev. William Gibson ; and shortly 
after he came over to England, wherein after having remained a few 
months, he went to Louvain in Flanders, where he lived at the Convent 
of the English Augustine Dames, until the suppression of their house in 
1794, when he accompanied those ladies in their flight to England for 

Being returned to England, and having visited several of his friends, 
he was, in the summer of 1796, invited to his relative, Mrs. Frances 
Bidulph, where he lived till the month of February, 1806, when he re- 
turned to Maple-Durham ; where after having lived four years at his 
nephew's, Michael Blount, Esquire, in the practice of those mild and 
2 n 2 


amiable virtues which had characterized all his life, he died in those truly 
pious edifying sentiments, which make death precious in the sight of God, 
March 29, 1810, aged 86." 

Walter Blount, the third son, was born December the 13th, 1727, and 
died a Benedictine Monk at Douay, the 14th of October, 1746, old stile, 
by the name of Maurus Blount. Mary, the eldest daughter, was born No- 
vember the 19th, 1716, and died at eighty-four years of age, February the 
10th, 1799, having married her relation, Sir Henry Tichborne, of Firmly 
in Surrey, who died before her, the 16th of July, 1785. Frances, the 
youngest, daughter, born October the 1st, 1716-17, was made a Benedic- 
tine Nun at Brussels in 1735, where she died in 1740. 

Michael Blount, Esquire, the eldest son, was of Maple-Durham, 
and was born the 14th of April, 1719. The Kith of August, 1742, he 
married Mary Eugenia, eldest daughter of Mannock Strickland, Esquire, 
of Lincoln's-Inn. She was born July 10th, 1723, and died the 12th of 
December, 1762; her husband, February the 5th, 1792. The issue of 
this marriage were three sons and three daughters. Strickland bore, sable, 
three escalops, argent. 

Michael will be mentioned hereafter. Joseph Blount, Esquire, the 
second son, was born the 15th of July, 1752, and died at Saint Cyr, near 
Lyons, in the south of France, January the 1st, 1793, and his remains are 
there deposited. Of Joseph's seven children, Mary was born in 1776, 
and died at Paris October the 3d, 1791, in her fifteenth year. Elizabeth 
married Ralph Riddell, Esquire, July 23d, 1802. Joseph Blount, the 
eldest son, was born about 1779, and married his second wife, Anne 
Martin, only daughter of the late Richard Martin, Esquire, of Hurstborne 
Tarrant in Hampshire, February the 19th, 18 16, at Mary-le-bone, London. 
Frances was the youngest surviving daughter. Michael, the second son, 
married Miss Catherine Wright, at Mary-le-bone church, February the 
26th, 1816. Anne and Martha were twins, born March the 2d, 1785, and 
died the same month. 

Charles Henry, the third son of Michael Blount and Mary Eugenia 
Strickland, died an infant, March the 6th, 1758. Mary Eugenia Blount, 
the eldest daughter, was born the 14th of February, 1745, at her father's 
house in Devonshire Street, London; was christened by Bishop Chaloner; 


Edward Duke of Norfolk, and Mrs. Mary Strickland, were sponsors. 
She married, the 15th of November, 1765, for her first husband, Charles 
Stonor, Esquire, of the ancient family of Stonor, of Stonor in Oxfordshire. 
Their son, Thomas Stonor, Esquire, was born the 9th of December, 1766, 
and married Catherine, the eldest daughter of Henry Blundell, Esquire, of 
lnce-Blundell in Lancashire, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir George 
Mostyn, Baronet, of Talacre in Flintshire. The arms of Blundell are, 
azure, ten billets, 4. 3. 2. 1, or ; on a canton of the same a martlet. They 
have two sons; Thomas Stonor, Esquire, the eldest, on the 24th of July, 
1821, married Frances, daughter of Peregrine Towneley, Esquire, of 
Towneley Hall, in Lancashire, by his wife Charlotte, daughter of Robert 
Drummond, Esquire, Banker, at Charing-cross in London. The other 
son is named Charles Henry. The second husband of Mary Eugenia 
Blount was Thomas Canning, second son of Thomas Canning, Esquire, 
of Foxcote, to whom she was married in 1783. Stonor bears, azure, two 
bars dancette, of three points, or ; a chief argent. Canning, argent, three 
blackamoors' heads, couped, banded argent, and sable. Mary Frances, 
the second daughter, was born the 2:3d of April, 1750, and died the same 
year. Mary Martha, born 1762, died unmarried, February the 5th, 

Michael Blount, Esquire, of Maple-Durham, the eldest son of 
Michael Blount and Mary Eugenia Strickland, was born July the 4th, 
1743, at his grandfather Mannock Strickland's house, in Queen-square ; 
was christened the same day by Bishop Chaloner, his grandfather and 
Mrs. Mary Blount being sponsors. He had two wives. He married the 
first at All Saints' church, Bristol, the 15th of April, 1781, Eleanora, 
second daughter and coheir of Maurice Fitzgerald, Esquire, of Puncher 
Grange, in the county of Kildare in Ireland, whose arms are, argent, a 
saltier, gules. She died May the 12th, 1782, aged twenty-one years. 
On the 27th of August, 1787, he married his second lady, Catherine, 
daughter and sole heir of John Petre, of Bellehouse, in the Parish of Stan- 
ford Rivers, in Essex, Esquire, whose arms are, gules, a bend, or, between 
two escalops, argent, relict of Francis Wright, of London, Esquire. She 
was born 20th December, 1765. Her first husband, Francis Wright, 
died June 18th, 1786. Mr. Blount died the 29th of October, 1821, aged 


seventy-eight years, at his house in Lower Berkeley Street, from the 
operation of couching for a cataract in his eyes. 

By his first wife Mr. Blount had an only daughter, named Maria 
Eugenia Eleanora, who was born in January, 1782, and died August the 
2d, 1791. 

By the second lady he had four children. 1. Henrietta Mary, married 
the 16th of September, 18 1 1, to John Wright, Esquire, of Henrietta Street, 
Covent Garden, second son of Anthony Wright, Esquire, and of Lucy 
Plowden his wife, second daughter of Edmund Plowden, of Plowden Hall 
in Shropshire ; whose first daughter, Elizabeth, was Lady Tichborn ; his 
third, Francesa, married Mr. Francis Constable ; his fourth, Mary, Mr. 
Charles Throckmorton ; and his son was Doctor Charles Plowden. 
2. Michael Henry Mary Blount, Esquire, the present repre- 
sentative of the family, who was married at Mary-le-bone church, May 15, 
1817, to the Honourable Miss Elizabeth Petre, fourth daughter of Robert 
Edward Lord Petre, and Mary Howard, daughter of Henry Howard, 
Esquire, of Glossop. 3. Juliana Mary. 4. Walter Thomas Mary 

Blount of Iver and Maple-Durham have usually borne for their arms, 
quarterly, 1. barry nebuly, Blount ; 2. Ayala, the wolves ; 3. Ayala, the 
tower; 4. vairy, Beauchamp; with a crescent gules for difference^. To 
these were occasionally added the various other quarters to which they 
were entitled. 

Their crest is, a wolf passant, sable, between two cornuts, out of a ducal 
coronet, or; and also, a foot in the sun, with the motto, Lux tua vita mea, 
or rather, via mea h . 

The other additional quarters, which appear in the arms marshalled by 
the heralds at the funeral of Sir John Croke, who married the daughter of 
Sir Michael Blount, and which are recorded at the College of Arms, are 
as follows. It is remarkable that Beauchamp is there omitted. 1. Argent, 

e They are so borne, impaled with Croke, in the arms of Sir John Croke, and Katherine 
Blount; 1. in a painted window; 2. inlaid in the wainscoat of a roomi 3. in stone over 
the porch ; all at Studley Priory : on their monument at Chilton ; and on the monument 
of Richard Blount at Iver. 

'' Bigland, Letter to Joseph Blount, Esq. MSS. 18 Jan. 1776. 



Walter first Lord Mont- 
joy, ob. 8 Ed. IV. 1468. 

Third wife, Isabella. 

See Geneal. No. 12. 

Sir Gervase Clifton, of 
Clifton, Notts. Knt. Ullcn. Mil Hiswif, 
Vincent's Rarunwc, born ■' 


rJan.duTt:. ■■■ > r lb. hard I'. .( Knt. Kb/ ,1, th , ..f s r 

died young Lieutenant of the Tower. I Rich. Lister.ChitfJusti. c. 

St. Peter's in the 'lower I Li-tor, Knt. of th.- Hath 

Mid. id Blount, Knt. — — Mary, : 
Lieutenant of the Tower, 

Oxon. Esq. i 
:, Peter-sin theTower, 

Cecily, dau K h ...I Sir R.ehard 
B.k-r. and M:.r\ (iiilord. lib 

Fawlcy, Berks, Knt. 

r Charles Blount, Knt. 
1 son, born Nov. 5th, 

: Elizabeth, J*" 1 young. 

. Catherine, =r Sir J..|in Bloum, , 

orn Apr. 11, »>f Chilton, Buck-. 

1563. ley Priory. < Kim. 

Houghton Conquest, Knt. 
relict of Sir Edm. Wylde, 
buried at Maple-Durham, 
19 Oct. 1646. 

. 1601, of Bicester, got 

EarlofDalhoim'e, : Kl ,-',|,e,li 

Dorothy. Browne, '2d son to John Dormer, 

Anthony Browne, of Dorton. 

Waller Blount, died May, lfiTl. Bv a deed of James Blow 

Settlement, Feb. 5, H>7". -cttkd the Maple- died 1 67 1. 

Durham Kstate- on Lv*terBlount,his first coo, in. 
M.crned, first, l'hihppa Benlowe.-. of Essex, who 
died in llifiT. without issue: secondly, Dnrothy 
Plowden.da. of Edmund Flowden, of Plowdcn, 

LyMer Blount. Martha Kn-Klirld. married 

K'^aUU). ■ 

diii-li. of Anthonv L u C lelield . ..(" J.. -. K l,,ol. 

White Knights, Esq. and Alice 
Stolier, of London. She died 

lliam Blount, Michael Blount, : — = Marv Agnes, Ja. and coheir ot 

i Feb. 6, 1684, bom March ^i,. ](,).;, Sir fk-nrv .b.-eph 'KcliLorm- 

ed at Maple- died Nov. -J, i; ami Mary Kcni|>e. da. of An- 

ham, Feb. 19, Winchester, buried tlv.ny Kempe. of blmdon. born 

1681. atTiehborne, Hants llvj.v, died 1777- 

leresa Mana Blount, 
bom at Paris, Oct. 15, 
1688, died 7 Oct. 1759, 

Friee, .oanjerda 

eide.t da 

Sir Henry Tiel.born 
of Firmly, Surrey, 


Mm Hi.,,,,]. 

March -J'!, 1 *--'<> at Maple 

oln'i Inn, 

ob.Feb. 10, I7!ir), 

Durham. Fait l'retre a 



died Dec. 

2, 1762. 

Ott. 1746, O. S. by 

of Maurice Kit, .-.-raid, " 

in Ireland, married at 
15 April. 1781, died 1 

t, Esq. relict of Francis 
rht, of Bedford-Square, 
Ion. Esq, born Dec. 20, 
|, married Aug. 27, 1787- 

Mary, d.iuiji , 
■ if Koxcvt, in 

( li„ ,- llcnrv. 
d. ,1 March li, 

miy child by the first married 1 h Sept. J hi' 1 , John 

«fe, born January, 17M2, Wright. K^ • .! IK urR-tta- 

died Aug. '2, 1791. Street. (Witt Garden, -d 

and Lucy Plowdi.-n. second 
daugh. of Edmund PlowuYn. 
ofPlowden Hall, Salop. 

Mary, Elizabeth, Joseph Blount, 

born 1776, married It .Ipli eldest, bom 177m. n 

Paris, 1791. July 23', JStrj. tin. Feb 1Q, 1 S 1 li. c 

dau. of Richard Mai 
Esq. of Hursdic 

.rn Dec. 9. 1766. j Henry Blm 

«■„,,, .,, Lane. 

Cl.arle. Henry 


a pale sable, Delaford. 2. Azure, a chevron between three pheons, or, 
Spyer. 3. Argent, a fesse dancette, paly of six, gules and sable, between 
three mullets sable, pierced, gules. More. 4. Argent, a fesse between 
three annulets, gules. Quartered by More. 5. Barry, or vairy of six, 
azure and or. 6. Or, a greyhound rampant'. 

' See the Genealogy of Blount of Iver and Maple-Durham, No. 14. Taken from 
Bigland's Genealogy, in the possession of Michael Blount, Esq. with such alterations as 
farther documents have rendered necessary, and continued to the present time by informa- 
tion furnished by the family. 



The Blounts of Grendon, Bromyard, and Orleton in Herefordshire, and 
Eldersfield, in Worcestershire. 

THESE were descended from James Blount, third son of Sir Walter 
Blount and Sancha de Ayala. 

As I can add nothing to the following genealogy in general, I shall not 
repeat a dry enumeration of names. The following persons are however 
deserving of more notice. 

Colonel John Blount, third son of Roger Blount of Grendon Court, 
left his country on account of his religion, served in the Catholic armies, 
was made a Lieutenant-Colonel under the Earl of Argyle at Bergen-op- 
Zoom, and was buried at Antwerp with the following epitaph. 

D. O. Johannis Blount. M. S. 
gente Britannus, stirpe illustris, animo invictus, 

H. S. E. 

qui pro fide pat riam diserens, a/iquanto in castris 

Catholicis Centurio ; 

tandem sub Comite D'Argi/e apud Bergas ad Zomam 


Strenue, Jbrtiter, prudenter, militavit. 

Obiit in hoc urbe pie et Chrtstiane 

Anno 1622, mense Octobris die 12. 

Thomas Blount, designated as the Lawyer, was the son of Mvles 
Blount of Orleton, and his wife Anne Bustard of Adderbury in Oxford- 
shire, and was born about the year 16 IS, at Bordersley in Worcestershire. 
He had not the advantage of an University education, but upon the 
foundation of the classical learning which he brought from school, by his 
industry and talents, he acquired considerable knowledge, particularly in 
the laws, history, and antiquities of his country, and distinguished himself 


as an author in various departments of science. He was a Barrister, and 
a member of the Inner Temple a . Upon his first coming to London he 
brought an introductory letter, still extant, from Sir William Dugdale to 
Sir Robert Cotton, in which he recommends him as an able antiquary, 
and begs him to be allowed access to his library b . 

Anthony Wood informs us, that his writings are many, and " some 
" perhaps not fit here to be put down," though he does not state the rea- 
son of their being omitted. Of his other works he gives this catalogue . 

1 . The Academy of Eloquence, containing a compleat English Rheto- 
rique. This was afterwards reprinted. With its common places, and letters, 
it forms a perfect introduction to the affected stile then so much in fashion. 
The principal examples are taken from Sir Philip Sidney's Arcadia, and 
the author flatters himself that " with little study it will not only facilitate 
" the discourse of the youth of both sexes into the moding language of 
" these times, but adapt their pens too with a quaint and fluent stile, than 
-• which no qualities can render them more accomplished." 

2. Glossography, or a Dictionary interpreting the hard words of whatever 
language now used in our refined English tongue. This was a good work 
for the time, contains an explanation of the terms in all sciences, and shews 
a considerable degree of learning. It was first published in 1656, and was 
in general use. 

3. The Lamps of the Law, and Lights of the Gospel, or the Titles of 
some late spiritual, polemical, and metaphysical new books, Lond. 1658, 
Svo. Written in imitation of J. Birkenhead's Paul's Church Yard, and 
published under the name of Grass and Hay Withers. This I have never 

4. Boscobel ; or the History of his sacred Majesty's most miraculous 
preservation, after the battle of Worcester, the 3d of September, 1651, 
introduced by an exact relation of that battle. Printed for Henry Seile, 
Stationer to the King, in 1660. It consists of fifty -five pages in 12mo, 
with prints of Boscobel House, &c. It is addressed to the King. It was 
translated into French and Portuguese, the last by Peter Gifford of White 

* Wood's Ath. Ox. vol. ii. col. 34. b Mr. William Blount. ' Wood's Ath. Ox. 

vol. ii. col. 34. 


Ladies, near Boscobel, in Staffordshire, a Roman Catholic. Boscobel, 
Bosco bello, was a name given to this house, from its woody situation, by 
Sir Basil Brook, at a house-warming given by Mr. John Gilford, who built 
it about thirty years before. 

5. The Catholic Almanac for 1661, 62, 63, &c. which selling not so 
well as John Booker's Almanac did, he therefore wrote 

6. Booker rebuked, or Animadversions on Booker's Almanac, which 
made much sport among people, having had the assistance therein of John 
Sargeant, and John Austen. The two last I have not seen. 

7. A Law Dictionary, folio, 1671. Except The Terms of the Law, 
and Cowell's Interpreter, which were very defective, this work was the 
first of the kind, and has served as a basis for the subsequent publications 
of that sort, Avhose authors have been indebted to Blount without acknow- 

S. Animadversions upon Sir Richard Baker's Chronicle, and the Con- 
tinuation by Edward Philips, in which, says Wood, he pointed out a great 
number of the many egregious errors, and falsehoods in that work, which 
has ever since fallen to its true estimation. Printed at Oxford, 1672, in 
octavo. I believe Baker has since risen in the public opinion. 

9. A world of Errors discovered in The New World of Words, 1673, 
folio. This was written against Edward Philips's book, intitled, A new 
World of English Words. 

10. Fragmenta Antiquitatis, Ancient tenures of land, and jocular 
customs of some manors, 1679, in octavo. They were copied from the 
original records, and are therefore an authentic collection of examples of 
remarkable tenures, with an explanation of the difficult and obsolete 
words. These tenures had been long, for the most part, converted into 
rents, are grown into disuse, or abolished, but this account of them is not 
without its use even at present. They strongly display the simple manners 
and customs of our ancestors, and are valuable to the antiquary, and to 
the student who investigates the feodal character of our Jaws, and they 
will occasion the reader, says the author, to smile at the inoffensive mirth 
of our Kings in former times, and lords of manors, in creating them. It 
has been republished, in I8I0, in a large quarto, by Josiah Beckwith, 
F. A. S. and his son Hercules Malebysse Beckwith, with many additions ; 


the matter has been newly arranged, the records translated, and farther 
explanations given of the difficult words. 

11. Boscobel, the second part, 1681, in octavo. To which is added, 
Claustrum Regale reseratum, Or the King's Concealment at Trent in 
Somersetshire, published by Mrs. Anne Windham of Trent. 

12. He wrote also Animadversions upon Britannia, written by R. Blome, 
but whether printed Wood could not tell. 

13. He translated from the French, The Art of making Devises, in 
1646, in quarto. Written originally by Henry Estienne, Lord of Fossez. 
To which Blount added, A Catalogue of Coronet Devises, both on the 
King's and Parliament's side, in the late wars. 

14. He left behind him an imperfect Chronicle of England, which he 
and J. B. (that's all I know of him, says Wood, for Mr. Blount would 
never tell me his name) had for several years been compiling. 

He married Anne, the daughter of Edmund Church, of Maldon in 
Essex, Esquire, by whom he had a daughter named Elizabeth, who married 
Mr. Griffin, and died in 1724' 1 . 

At length, upon the breaking out of the Popish Plot, being much 
affrighted by the violent current of that time, (he himself being a zealous 
Roman Catholic,) he contracted the palsy, as appeared by his last letter 
sent to Anthony Wood, dated the 2Sth of April, 1679, in which he in- 
formed him, that " he had then quitted all books except those of devotion." 
On the 26th of December following, being Saint Stephen's day, he died 
at Orleton in Herefordshire, where he had a fair and plentiful estate, in 
the year of his age 61, and was buried in the church there, and soon after 
had a comely monument put over his grave by his relict e . 

Of the Eldersfield branch it must be observed, that Walter 
Blount, the second son of Roger Blount of Grendon, and Elizabeth 
Witney, by his marriage with Mary, the daughter of Sir James Clynton, 
acquired the seat and property at Eldersfield. This place is situated 
between Ridmelly and Tewkesbury in Worcestershire. 

Two branches thus commencing with the two sons of Roger Blount, 
as the eldest son married the daughter of Sir Richard Bridges, his 

A Pedigree of W. Blount. ' Wood's Ath. Ox. vol. ii. col. 34. 

2 o 2 


descendants, the Grendon branch, bore the arras of Bridges, argent, on a 
cross, sable, a leopard's head. In the dexter quarter, a quaterfoil, slipped, 
vert. The Eldersfield branch, from this marriage with Mary Clynton, took 
the arms of that family, paly of six, or and azure ; over all a chevron, 
ermine f . 

In this pedigree may be particularized as a literary character in an 
humbler line than Thomas Blount, Mr. Edward Blount, who was a Book- 
seller in Saint Paul's Church Yard, at the sign of the Black Bear. He 
was the son of John Blount, and Margaret the daughter of William 
Ridley s. In the Stationer's Register he is stated as the son of Ralph 
Blount, of the Merchant Taylors' Company of London, to have been 
apprenticed to William Ponsonby in 157S, and to have taken up his 
freedom in 1588 h . 

In talents and learning he was superior to the mere commercial part of 
his profession, and he was the proprietor and publisher of many respectable 
works. Some of these he had the credit, though erroneously, of having 
written, and they have passed under his name. To having been the author 
of several translations from the French, Italian, and Spanish languages, 
his claim is indisputable, and by several prefaces and dedications, well 
written, according to the fashion of the time, he shewed himself equal to 
that task. 

I have met with the following books of which he was the publisher, or 

1. It was owing to his judgement, or good fortune, that his name is 
connected with that of Shakespeare, by his being one of the partners in the 
first edition of his works'. 

2. The Hospital of Incurable Fools, erected in English, as near the first 
Italian handel and platforme as the unskilful hand of an ignorant artist 
could devise. Printed by Edmund Bellifont for Edward Blount, 1600, 

There is a dedication, To my most neere and capriceous neighbor 
ycleped John Hodgson, alias John Hatter, or (as some will) John of 
Paule's Churchyard (cum multis aliis quae nunc imprimere longum est) 

' From a parchment in the Herald's Office. W. Blount. E W. Blount's Ted. h Dr. 
Bliss, Microcosmography, p. xx. note. ' Dr. Bliss, ibid. 


Edward Blount wisheth prosperous success in his monomachie with the 
French and Spaniards. 

He is said to have translated this work from the Italian 11 . It consists 
of humourous and satirical descriptions of thirty different kinds of fools, 
each followed by a praver to some appropriate heathen deity for their 

3. The History of the uniting of the Kingdom of Portugall to the 
Crown of Castill, containing the last warres of the Portugalls against the 
Moores of Africke, the end of the House of Portugall, and change of that 
government. Imprinted at London by Am. Hatfield for Edward Blount, 
1600. Dedicated by Blount to Henry Earl of Southampton. Blount 
was not the translator, whom he calls his respected friend. It was written 
first in Italian, and from thence translated into French. 

4. A Survey of the Grand Duke's State of Tuscany, in the year of our 
Lord 1 o96, sixty-six pages in 12mo. Printed for Edward Blunt, 160.5. 
It is dedicated by Edward Blount to " my worshipful good friend Maister 
" Robert Dalington," and he says he had published this his work without 
his consent. It seems to be a translation from the Italian. 

5. Horas Subseciva?, Observations and Discourses, upon Elegance, 
Affectation, Pride, and other moral subjects ; upon Tacitus and some other 
authors, 1620. o42 pages in Svo. There is a preface by Blount, who says 
he knows not the author. 

6. The Rogue, or the Life of Guzmen de Alfarache, written in Spanish 
by Matheo Aleman, translated by Don Diego Puede-Ser, de Santa Maria 
Magdalena, folio, 1622. There is a dedication in Spanish, Don Diego al 
illustrissimo sennor Don Juan Estrangways espejo de la virtud y nobleza^ 
Cavallero Titulado, y gentilhombre de la camera de sa serenissima 
Majestad de la Gran Bretana. There is a short preface by Blount to the 
errata, requesting the discreet and curious reader to correct some " escapes" 
there " noted ;" and there are several copies of commendatory poems, 
amongst the rest one by Ben Jonson, on the Author, Work, and Trans- 
lator. Of these humorous adventures which were first published at 
Brussels in 1600, and consequently five years before Don Quixotte, and 
which were the prototype of Gil Bias, Blount was the translator, which 

k Dr. Bliss, ibid. 


appears by a subsequent work 1 . The Spanish name Don Diego Puede- 
Ser, that is, Don Diego May-be, is evidently fictitious. 

7. There is another translation published a few years afterwards under 
the same name. Exemplarie Novells by Miquel de Cervantes Saavedra, 
turned into English by Don Diego de Puede-Ser, Printed for J. Dawson, 
for R. M. 16-iO. folio. It is dedicated to Mrs. Susanna Strangways, wife 
of Giles Strangways, Esquire, and son and heir to Sir John Strangways, 

8. Microcosmography, or a Piece of the World discovered, in Essays 
and Characters. This was published in 1628, and was long attributed to 
Blount, but it has since been discovered to have been written by John 
Earle, D.D. Bishop of Salisbury, It was frequently republished, and we 
are indebted to Dr. Bliss for a new and elegant edition in 1811, accom- 
panied with valuable notes, and an appendix. 

9. Policy unvailed, or Maxims of State, by Francis Juan de Sancta 
Maria, done into English by the translator of Guzman de Alfarache, the 
Spanish Rogue, Printed for Humphrey Moseley, 16.50. There is a 
dedication by Edward Blount, to James Hay, Earl of Carlisle, by which 
it appears to have been translated by Blount, whose name is written in the 
margin, in the copy in the Bodleian Library, and it is attributed to him in 
the catalogue; this proves him to have been the translator of the works 
preceding under the name of Puede-Ser. 

In the Church of Iver iu Buckinghamshire, in the north side of the isle, 
is a monument with this inscription. " M. S. Near this place lieth the 
" body of Mary Blount, the hopeful and only daughter of Edward, the 
" son of Francis Blount, late of Brimmold Court in the county of Here- 
" ford, gentleman, by Elizabeth, second daughter of Robert Bowyer, of 
" Huntsmore in this parish, gentleman, deceased, Nat. 1667, ob. 1681. 
" Also Edward the father of Mary, ob. l6So, aet. o3." There are two 
coats of arms. First, Blount, nebuly, impaled with, argent, a bend, vary, 

' The first part of Guzman de Alfarache, II Picaro, was published at Bruxelles in lfiOO, 
to which is prefixed the Approbation signed Fra. Juan Vincente, 27th of April 1599, 
Barcelona. It was again published, with the second part, at Milan in 1603. The first 
part of Don Quixotte was published at Madrid, in 1605. The Tassa is dated the 20th of 
December, 1604. It is a small quarto in a large type. 

J Is 

H 3 °3 
•- »«■; 

H as .2, 

jffi 2 

! F — 2 

1:1 -f a 

H X 1 S) >, 

3 o -" B 

W'R «^ 

_ Si 3 to 
"3 -5 o o 
s- -, -— 

Q ScM£ 


fC O 


CQ3 <u 

a) O J) 

"3 S e w 

-2 "5 


■ 2 _ ,£ 'E £ t^ .• 


appears by a subsequent work 1 . The Spanish name Don Diego Puede- 
Ser, that is, Don Diego May-be, is evidently fictitious. 

7. There is another translation published a few years afterwards under 
the same name. Exemplarie Novells by Miquel de Cervantes Saavedra, 
turned into English by Don Diego de Puede-Ser, Printed for J. Dawson, 
for R. M. 1640. folio. It is dedicated to Mrs. Susanna Strangways, wife 
of Giles Strangways, Esquire, and son and heir to Sir John Strangways, 

8. Microcosmography, or a Piece of the World discovered, in Essays 
and Characters. This was published in 1628, and was long attributed to 
Blount, but it has since been discovered to have been written by John 
Earle, D.D. Bishop of Salisbury, It was frequently republished, and we 
are indebted to Dr. Bliss for a new and elegant edition in 1811, accom- 
panied with valuable notes, and an appendix. 

9. Policy unvailed, or Maxims of State, by Francis Juan de Sancta 
Maria, done into English by the translator of Guzman de Alfarache, the 
Spanish Rogue, Printed for Humphrey Moseley, I60O. There is a 
dedication by Edward Blount, to James Hay, Earl of Carlisle, by which 
it appears to have been translated by Blount, whose name is written in the 
margin, in the copy in the Bodleian Library, and it is attributed to him in 
the catalogue; this proves him to have been the translator of the works 
preceding under the name of Puede-Ser. 

In the Church of Iver in Buckinghamshire, in the north side of the isle, 
is a monument with this inscription. " M. S. Near this place lieth the 
" body of Mary Blount, the hopeful and only daughter of Edward, the 
"■ son of Francis Blount, late of Brimmold Court in the county of Here- 
; - ford, gentleman, by Elizabeth, second daughter of Robert Bowyer, of 
" Huntsmore in this parish, gentleman, deceased, Nat. 1667, ob. 1681. 
" Also Edward the father of Mary, ob. 1685, set. o3." There are two 
coats of arms. First, Blount, nebuly, impaled with, argent, a bend, vary, 

' The first part of Guzman de Alfarache, II Picaro, \va* published at Bruxellcs in lriOO, 
to which is prefixed the Approbation signed Fra. Juan Vincente, 2~th of April 1599, 
Barcelona. It was again published, with the second part, at Milan in 1603. The first 
part of Don Quixotte was published at Madrid, in 1605. The Tassa is dated the 20th of 
December, 1604. It is a small quarto in a large type. 

s is 
■ Jl 

5 si J 



jTJf "? 


II •,_ t 



;li filial 

_| t'/.p, Z'z 6-3 

.III bl 

•c a, 


■g Ceo 

J a" a, 


2 -| 

- 5~ 

5 i"p.!- s i 

-3 O « C ^ 






mar d . 
— Cr 


= §s 


"S £ 

| = . 

, 1 L ; 

s-^-'-s s-a 

' 5 E " 2 5 " 5 


I -S 6 te-g 

ill II si 


LI*- 1 


4 si 

-S| B 


2 ° 5f 

5 -?„ ■=" .4 

"cH H «S. 



•a sTo-.e 


-is I 




= 1 

■8 1 

OS & 




J §11 

2 o 2 = i 

!• OX C„ 

_- ° 


§ ° 


5 8 

S £ 

3 « 

£ ° 

j3 S 


C rt 


I = S J 

^ o .2 


— c c s 


c c 00 

11 = 



'§ So 

•a - 1 * 

— "0 ch J! 




-3 "2 o h 


cottised, sable. For Blount, and Bowyer. The other coat is Blount in a 

As to the coat of arms of this branch. James Blount, the third son of 
Sir Walter Blount and Sancha, from whom they are descended, bore, the 
nebuly Blount coat, with three pellets in chief" 1 . It is thus blazoned upon 
the monument of Colonel John Blount at Antwerp. 

On an old parchment, there are nine quarters. 1. Barry nebuly of six, 
or and sable. In chief three pellets. 2. Lozengy, or, and sable". 3. Or, 
two bars, azure. A chief, gules. 4. Vairy, Beauchamp. 5. Argent, 
two wolves, sable, langued and armed, gules, on a bordure or, eight 
saltiers of the third, Ayala. 6. Or, a tower, triple turretted, azure, 
Sanchet, Ayala. 7. Argent, two bars, sable, between three torteaux, 
Witney. 8. Argent, on a cross, sable, a leopard's head, Bridges. 
9. Sable, three horses' heads, erased, argent, langued gules, Brort. 

Crest. On a helmet closed, sideways, a wreath or and sable. A cross 
sable, in the sun, or. Motto. Mors crucis mea salus. 

But they have usually borne, quarterly, first and fourth Blount with 
three pellets, second and third, argent, on a cross sable, a leopard's head, 
or. In the dexter quarter a trefoil sable — for Bridges . 

The Eldersfield family has borne, 1. Blount nebuly with three 
pellets. 2. Blount, lozengy, or and sable. 3. Or, two bars azure, a 
chief gules. 4. Beauchamp. 5 and 6. Ayala. 7- Witney. S. Paly of 
six, or and azure, a chevron ermine, for Clvton, or Clynton. 9- Quarterly, 
the first and fourth vairy, the second and third, gules. 10. Argent, a 
lion's head, erased, sable, langued, gules, crowned with a ducal coronet, 

Crest. A bull's head, couped, sable, horned, or, in the sun. Motto. 
Lux mea visque Deus?. 

m Bigland. 

" This is the coat of the Barons of Ixworth, which I have not seen borne by any others 
of the family. 

Vincent's Salop. Coll. Arm. 

p Mr. William Blount's Parchment, and Harl. MSS. No. 1543. fol. 164, being the visi- 
tation of Gloucestershire, by Robert Cooke, Clarencieux in J620 — 1623. See the Gene- 
alogies of Blount of Grendon, Eldersfield, &c. No. 1 5, and 1 6. From Habington's MSS. 
Harl. MSS. No. 1543, fol. 163. Ashmole's MSS. vol. 831. part 5. fol. 5. Pedigree by 
William Blount, Esquire. 



The B hunts of Burton-upon-Trent, and Blounts-Hall, in Staffordshire; 
of ' Osberston in Leicestershire ; and Tittenhanger, in Hertfordshire. 

THIS family obtained the rank of a Baronetage, but is now extinct. I 
have not been able to ascertain from what part of the main stock it 
descended. It is regularly traced up to a John Blount, whose wife's 
name was Alice, and who was a burgess of Burton-upon-Trent in 1441 \ 
Bigland, in his Maple-Durham and Sodington Pedigrees, makes him to 
have been the third son of Sir Walter Blount and Sancha de Ayala, and 
Chauncy states him to have been the second son 1 '. These accounts are 
evidently erroneous, for, first, John is fully proved to have been the eldest 
son, by the wills of his father and mother, and the settlement of the family 
property . Secondly, Dugdale, from a pedigree in the possession of the 
Sodington family, informs us that John had no issue ; which is likewise 
proved by the succession of Sir Thomas, the second son, to the principal 
estates" 1 . Thirdly, This branch did not quarter the arms of Ayala, which 
every other house descended from Sir Walter and Sancha has done e . 

Nicholl, in his History of Leicestershire f , omits John, the first in the 
Burton pedigree, and makes Thomas Blount of Burton, who married 
Agnes Kniveton, to be the son of Peter Blount, the fourth son of Sir 
Walter Blount and Sancha. This is merely conjecture, without the 
smallest foundation. 

In a note Nicholl says, that " an illuminated roll of 1642, with notes by 
" Blount, the Herefordshire Collector, brings the Blounts of Burton from 
" the great Sir John Blount of Kinlet 8 ." I suppose Sir John Blount who 

■ Chauncy's Hist, of Hertfordshire, p. 502. b Hist, of Hertfordshire. c See 

Chap. III. A Baronage, i. 518. 'Trinity College Chapel. Windows at Burton- 

upon-Trent. Shaw's Staffordshire, vol. i. p. 9. f Vol. iv. part 2, page 523. 

2 Upon enquiry of the Herefordshire family of Blounts, no such roll is to be found, or 
has been heard of. 


married Isabella Cornwall, and by her acquired die estate at Kinlet. His 
son John Blount of Kinlet, who married Alice de la Bere, might be the 
John Blount who married an Alice, and is at the head of the Burton 
pedigree. But no Thomas is found amongst his sons, who were Humphrey, 
John, Edmund, William, and Charles, unless Thomas has been omitted. 
Perhaps the son John may have been the person who married an Alice, 
and was the ancestor of the Burton family. He agrees as to time h . 

The family of De Verdon seems to have been settled at Burton-upon- 
Trent. There is an indenture between Thomas, son of Nicholas de 
Verdon, Knight, and John de Stafford, Clerk, and others, dated at Burton- 
upon-Trent, in the thirty-first year of Edward the Third, 1357'- And 
Sir Walter Blount gave all his lands in Burton-upon-Trent, to certain 
persons, by a deed dated at Burton, in the seventeenth year of Richard the 
Second, 1393 k . 

Leaving then this question undecided, I commence the account of this 
branch from known land-marks, from John Blount, who married 

Their son was Thomas Bt.ount, Esquire, of Burton-upon-Trent. 
He was Sheriff of Staffordshire in the twenty-third year of Henry the 
Sixth, 1445, and his wife was Agnes Kinweston'. 

John Blount, Esquire, of Burton-upon-Trent, was their son, and 
he likewise lived at Blounts-Hall in Staffordshire ; of which Erdeswicke 
observes, " that it was not the ancient seat of the Blounts, but was a 
" house of no great account, and but lately built by one that being a little 
" glorious would have it called by his name" 1 ." He is styled legis 
peritus, and was a barrister. He married Ellen Hall, the daughter of John 
Hall, Esquire, of Dovebridge, and died in 1524. Hall's arms were, or, a 
saltier ingrailed, vert. They had two sons, Thomas and Walter. 

Thomas Blount, the eldest son, succeeded to the estate at Burton- 
upon-Trent, and married Catherine, daughter of Sir Walter Aston, of 
Tixhall in Staffordshire, whose arms were, argent, a fesse, and three 

* If this conjecture is right, the Burton and Tittenhanger branch should be placed after 
that of Kinlet, and before Mountjoy. 

' Dugdale MSS. Appendix, No. XVIII. at fol. 84. k Dugdale MSS. ibid. Art. 10. 

! Chauncy's Hertfordshire, p. 502. '" History of Staffordshire. 

2 P 


lozenges in chief, sable. Their son John Blount was Sheriff of Staf- 
fordshire in lo26, and married Susan, the daughter of Sir Philip Draycot, 
of Painsley in Staffordshire, who bore, gules, a chevron vairy, argent, and 
sable"; and had two sons, Edward Blount of Arleston in Derbyshire, who 
married Catherine, daughter of Henry Audley, Earl of Castlehaven, and 
died without issue; and Anthony Blount, of whom there is no account; 
and I suppose this eldest branch became extinct. 

Walter Blount, Esquire, the second son of John Blount and 
Ellen Hall, lived at Blounts-Hall, and married Margaret, the daughter of 
John Sutton, Esquire, of Dudley Sutton, who bore, sable, a lion rampant 
with two tails, vert, with a mullet. Of which family were John Dudley, 
Duke of Northumberland, and Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. By 
this marriage he acquired the estate at Osbaston in Leicestershire, which 
had long been in the Sutton family . They had two sons, William, and 
Walter; and four daughters, Elizabeth, Mary, Anne, and Ellen. 

William Blount, the eldest, lived at Osbaston, married Frances, 
one of the three daughters of Edward Love, and his wife Alice, the sister 
of Sir Thomas Pope, whose executor he was, with Nicholas Bacon, and 
died November 26, 1.592. Walter, the second son, was admitted a Scholar 
of Trinity College in Oxford, upon the nomination of the founder, on the 
9th of January, 1556, aged eighteen, and left it about Michaelmas, 1558. 
Elizabeth married Sir Thomas Pope. Mary perhaps married Sir George 
Sydenham, of Combe Sydenham in Somersetshire. Ellen was supposed 
to have married Mr. Goodwin, and Anne died unmarried . 

Before I proceed with the continuation of the family by William Blount 
and Frances Love, and their son Thomas, who afterwards became Sir 
Thomas Pope Blount, it will be necessary to enter more at large into the 
history of Elizabeth ; who married Sir Thomas Pope. 

This family was much benefited by the acquisition of the mansion and 

n Formerly there was a window in the church at Rurton-upon-Trent, with these arms, 
and Orate pro felici statu Johannis Blount, et Susanna; uxoris ejus, qui istam fenestram 
fecerunt. Shaw's Staffordshire, vol. i. page 10. 

■ Nicholls's Leicestershire, vol. iv. p. 522. 

p Warton's Life of Sir Thomas Pope, p. 204, 420. Burton's Leicestershire, p. 210, 211. 
Stowe's Survey, p. 819. ed. 1618. 


estate at Tyttenhanger in Hertfordshire, from the marriage of Elizabeth, 
the eldest daughter of Walter Blount, Esquire, and Mary his wife. Her 
first husband was Anthony Basford, or Beresford, Esquire, of Bentley in 
Derbyshire, by whom she had an only son named John. To her second 
husband, Sir Thomas Pope, she was married by licence from Archbishop 
Cranmer, the first of January, 1540. She was his third wife, and they 
had no issue. After his death, in 1559, she was married to Sir Hugh 
Powlett, of Hinton Saint George in Somersetshire. 

Her second husband, Sir Thomas Pope, was the founder of Trinity 
College in Oxford, and was a remarkable instance of a person who, un- 
supported by wealth and nobility of family, by his talents and activity, 
acquired the patronage of his sovereign, and amassed a large fortune. He 
was bred to the law, and was a pupil of John Croke, Esquire, one of the 
Six Clerks, and afterwards a Master in Chancery, who will be the subject 
of future consideration 'i. He early obtained the office of Clerk of the 
Briefs in the Star-Chamber, which was followed by those of Clerk of the 
Crown in Chancery, and Warden of the Mint. But another appointment 
of greater consequence was bestowed upon him in the year 1536, when he 
was constituted Treasurer of the Court of Augmentations of the Kind's 
Revenue: on its first establishment: of which the principal design was to 
estimate, manage, and sell the lands of the dissolved monasteries. The 
power and emoluments of the Chancellor, the Treasurer, and other officers 
of this court, were great. The Treasurer was ranked with the principal 
officers of state in the reign of Henry the Eighth, and was allowed to retain 
a chaplain. The whole rents of all the dissolved monasteries were paid 
into his hands. Sir Thomas Pope held the office about five years, and 
was then appointed Master or Treasurer of the Jewel-house in the Tower. 
In 1536 he was knighted, at the same time with the celebrated Earl of 
Surrey. After the sale of the greater part of the monasteries, the first 
Court of Augmentations was dissolved, and a new Court, less splendid and 
expensive, was created, in which he was nominated Master of the Woods 
on this side the river Trent: at which time he was a Privy Counsellor. It 
does not appear, as has been generally said, that he was one of the com- 

<) Book IV. 
2 p 2 


missioners, or visitors, under Cromwell, for dissolving the religious houses. 
Though he was one of those into whose hands the seal of the opulent 
abbey of Saint Alban's was surrendered, in 1539, by the last abbot, and 
the noble conventual church was preserved by his interest. In his em- 
ployment in the Court of Augmentations, which afforded so many tempt- 
ations to fraud, oppression, and rapacity, he behaved with singular 
decency, moderation, and honour. 

By gift from Henry the Eighth, but chiefly by purchase in the reign of 
that monarch, and of Queen Mary, he obtained grants of abbey-land to a 
prodigious amount; no less than thirty manors, besides other estates. 

In the reign of Henry the Eighth he was employed in various services 
about the Court, and was a singular and most intimate friend of Sir Thomas 
More, who probably took an early notice of him when a young man in the 
Court of Chancery ; and he was the person selected by the King, to 
notify to that eminent person, then under condemnation in the Tower, the 
hour appointed for his execution. 

The conversation which passed upon that occasion affords a lively spe- 
cimen of the ease of mind of that great man, at the immediate awful period 
of his death. Upon receiving this message that he must suffer before nine 
of the clock the same morning, More, without the least surprise or emo- 
tion, cheerfully replied, " Master Pope, I most heartily thank you for your 
" good tidings. I have been much bound to the King's highness, for the 
" benefits of his honours that he hath most bountifully bestowed upon me; 
" yet am I more bound to his Grace, I assure you, for putting me here, 
" where I have had convenient time and space to have remembrance of my 
" end. And so help me God. Most of all am 1 bound unto him, that it 
" hath pleased his Majesty so shortly to rid me out of the miseries of this 
" wicked world." Then Pope subjoined, that it was the King's pleasure 
that at the place of execution he should not use many words. To this 
More answered, that he was ready to submit to the King's commands ; and 
added, " I beseech you, good Mr. Pope, to get the King to suffer my 
" daughter Margaret to be present at my burial." Pope assured him that 
he would use his utmost interest with the King for this purpose ; and hav- 
ing now finished his disagreeable commission, he solemnly took leave of 
his dying friend, and burst into tears. More, perceiving his concern, said OSBERSTON, AND TITTENHANGER. 293 

with his usual composure, " Quiet yourself, good Mr. Pope, and be not 
" discomforted ; for I trust that we shall one day in heaven see each other 
" full merrily, where we shall be sure to live and love together in joyful bliss 
" eternally." But this method of consolation proving ineffectual, More, to 
divert the melancholy of his friend, and to dismiss him in better spirits, 
called for a glass ; and applying it as an urinal, he held it up to the light, 
and with the prophetic air of a sagacious physician, gravely declared, 
" This man might have lived longer if it had pleased the King." 

Sir Thomas Pope adhered with firmness to the original religion of his 
country, and did not change with the fluctuations of the court. During 
the reign of Edward the Sixth, he enjoyed no favour; but upon the acces- 
sion of Mary he was constituted one of her Privy-Counsellors, and 
Cofferer to the Household ; and was often employed in commissions of 
consequence. In 1554, he was one of the champions at a magnificent 
justing before the Queen at Westminster, and, in the same year, a 
commissioner for auditing the accounts of Sir Thomas Gresham. In 1557 
he was appointed one of the famous commission for the suppression of 
heretics with Bonner, and other zealous catholics ; which however did 
little or nothing. 

In 1555, the Princess Elizabeth, afterwards Queen, having been before 
treated with much insolence and inhumanity, was placed under the care 
and inspection of Sir Thomas Pope, who had indeed been before one of 
her governors, or attendants. She resided with him at Hatfield-house in 
Hertfordshire, then a royal palace. He behaved to her with the utmost 
tenderness and respect, rather as an affectionate guardian, than a rigorous 
governor. She was gratified with enjoying some of the fashionable amuse- 
ments at his own expence, and was permitted to make occasional ex- 
cursions. During this attendance he was engaged in the foundation of his 
College, which attracted the attention and received the fullest approbation 
of that learned Princess, whose unreserved confidence he enjoyed. The 
four last years of Mary's reign, the Princess passed at Hatfield with Sir 
Thomas Pope, and they were the most agreeable part of her time during 
that distressing period. Upon the accession of the new Queen in \55S, it 
does not appear that he was continued in the Privy Council, and he died 
in the same year. 


Sir Thomas Pope thought that he could not better employ his vast 
riches, a great part of which had been originally destined to the service of 
religion, than in the foundation of an establishment for the encouragement 
of learning and piety. In the year 1555 he erected and endowed his 
college of the Holy Trinity, which he afterwards furnished with every 
thing necessarv for the use of the Society ; a valuable collection of books, 
silver vessels, vestments, missals, and a pair of organs, and other costly 
furniture for the chapel and hall. He built likewise a commodious edifice 
at Garsington near Oxford, to which the Society might retire in time of 
pestilence: then no uncommon malady. 

In these happier times, when learning is pretty generally diffused, we are 
scarcely able sufficiently to appreciate the merit of these illustrious founders 
of liberal institutions : and their great value, and influence upon the welfare 
of society. At this time such encouragements were greatly wanting, and 
literature was in a very low state. Although upon the revival of classical 
learning, a more manly and rational system of education had been begun 
to be established, upon the Reformation the minds of learned men were 
diverted to other subjects. A temporary check was given to the progress 
of literature by the dissolution of the monasteries : which had afforded a 
retreat to studious leisure, and an object of pursuit to those who dedicated 
themselves to learning. Many parts of the country were by their abolition 
deprived of the only means of instruction. In every robbery, the Church 
was plundered, and the interests of learning suffered. The spiritual re- 
formers were enemies to profane learning. From these causes, few persons 
were then bred to the Church, or received a learned education, the Univer- 
sities were deserted, and were falling into decay. The kingdom therefore 
and posterity had no small reason to acknowledge with gratitude a noble 
liberality conferred at so seasonable a time. 

He made his will soon after, and such was his wealth, that after com- 
pleting this establishment, he had large estates, and a great deal of other 
property, to bestow upon his relations and friends. He died in 1558'. 

Sir Thomas Pope was three times married. From his first wife, Eliza- 
beth Gunston, he was divorced in 1536. To his second wife, Margaret, 
the widow of Ralph Dodmer, he was married in the same month ; and she 

' From the Life of Sir Thomas Pope by T. Warton. 


brought him one daughter, Alice, who died very young. With this lady 
he lived in great harmony and happiness ; for in his will he mentions 
" her womanlie behaviour, trewth, and honestie used towards me," and 
leaves kind remembrances and gifts to her son by her former husband. 
She died in lo3S s . 

His third wife, as before mentioned, was Elizabeth Blount, and he was 
induced to marry her principally on account of her charitable disposition, 
and other excellent qualifications ; and she heartily concurred with her 
husband's pious intention of founding a college. Dr. Ralph Kettel, 
president of Trinity College, who knew her well, bestows high encomiums 
upon the excellent gifts of her mind and body, her talents, various know- 
ledge, eloquence of language, integrity of morals, piety and munificence*. 
She survived her husband thirty-five years, and he delegated to her consi- 
derable power over the new Society ; to which she was also a benefactress. 
There is a portrait of her at Trinity College, by which she appears to have 
been handsome ; perhaps a copy of an original by Sir Antonio More". 

Within a year after the death of her second husband, Sir Thomas Pope, 
she married a third husband, Sir Hugh Powlett, son of Sir Amias Powlett, 
who re-edified the gate of the Middle Temple in London, to produce a 
reconciliation with Cardinal Wolsey, whom he had offended, and whose 
coat of arms he there placed. He was much in favour with Henry the 
Eighth, was invited to attend the baptism of Prince Edward, was knighted 
for his gallant services against the French, was treasurer of the king's army 
at the siege of Boulogne, and for his merits was rewarded by several grants 
of manors. He was likewise appointed surveyor of the rents of the 
dissolved monastery of Glastonbury. In the reign of Edward the Sixth 
he was Knight Marshall of the army, sent against the rebels of Cornwall 
and Devonshire, Governor for life of Jersey, and installed Knight of the 
Garter. In Elizabeth's reign he was constituted Vice-President of the 
Marches of Wales, and Governor of Havre-de-Grace. He bravely de- 
fended Newhaven against the French, and was the chief of the commis- 
sioners for the capitulation. He was, in short, beside the character of sin- 
gular prudence and integrity, one of the most intrepid and experienced 

* Warton, p. 1S4. ' Ibid. Appendix, No. 30. " Ibid. 210. 


officers of his time. By a former wife he was father of Sir Amias Powlett, 
who had the custody of the Queen of Scots. Sir Hugh died in 1571, 
without issue by his last lady", who survived him till 1593. He was of 
the family of the Dukes of Bolton, now extinct, the present Marquis of 
Winchester, and Earl Powlett >. 

Sir Thomas Pope settled his estate at Tyttenhanger upon Elizabeth, his 
lady, for life, and after her death, to Thomas Blount, the eldest son of 
William Blount, Esquire, of Osberston, her brother, who died the year 
before her, and whose wife was Frances, daughter of Edward Love, 
Esquire, of Aynhoe in Northamptonshire, and Alice the sister of Sir 
Thomas Pope. So that Thomas Blount was the great nephew of Sir 
Thomas Pope, as well as the nephew of his lady 2 . Upon his succes- 
sion to this estate, he added the name of Pope to that of Thomas Blount, 
and of whom we shall speak fuller hereafter. 

The mansion and manor of Tyttenhanger, in the parish of Ridge, in 
Hertfordshire, had been the country seat of the Abbots of Saint Alban^s, 
to which monastery it was given by Richard de Albini, a descendant of 
Totenhei, from whom it derived its name. The house was built by John 
Moot, one of the abbots, in 1405, and was much enlarged and adorned by 
his successors, particularly the learned and munificent John Whetham- 
stede, in the reign of Henry the Sixth. It was conveyed to Sir Thomas 
Pope by Henry the Eighth, in 1547, but not confirmed to him till the 
following year, by Edward the Sixth. However, it appears that he bought 
this estate of Queen Mary in 1557? for twenty years purchase. The 
chapel was an elegant edifice : and the wainscot, behind the stalls, was 
beautifully painted with a series of the figures of all the saints who bore 
the name of John. The windows were enriched with painted glass, which 
Sir Thomas Pope brought hither from the choir of Saint Alban's Abbey, 
when that church was, by his interposition, preserved from total destruc- 

1 Warton, p. 189. 

* Thomas Blount of Enstone, in Oxfordshire, by his will dated 27th of September, thirty - 
fifth year of Elizabeth, 1592, appointed his body to be there buried, names his brother 
Robert Blount of Lichfield, and his nephew William Blount, and leaves bequests to Pope 
Blount, and Lady Powlett. Anecd. Coll. Arm. 

z Collins's Baronetage, vol. iii. part ii. page 666. 


tion. He also erected over the vestibule of the great hall a noble gallery 
for wind music. This house was so large, that in the year 1.528, King 
Henry the Eighth and his Queen, with their retinue, removed hither from 
London, during the continuance of the sweating sickness. But this 
ancient and stately mansion was entirely pulled down, and another built 
in its place, about 1654-, by Sir Henrv Blount, the famous traveller \ 

Sir Thomas Pope, we have seen, had no children, but the name and 
family were continued from his brother, John Pope, who were settled at 
Wroxton in Oxfordshire. One of his descendants was created Earl 
of Downe, and, dividing into two branches, the family ended in two 
heiresses, who were the maternal ancestors of the Lees, Earls of Litchfield, 
and the Norths, Barons of Guildford 1 '. To this family was also related 
the great poet Alexander Pope. 

To return to the Blount family. William Blount of Osbaston, by his 
wife, Frances Love, had four sons, Thomas, afterwards Sir Thomas Pope 
Blount; Richard; George, who married Martha, the daughter of Richard 
Turville of Thurleston ; and Walter. 

Richard Blount, the second son, was born about the year 1565, and 
became an eminent member of the Society of Jesus. He was initiated in 
polite learning at Oxford, where he was admitted a Gentleman-Commoner 
of Trinity College, the 31st of January, 1579, and left it February the 
28th, 1581 c . He was there probably a contemporary of Richard Smith, 
who was afterwards Bishop of Chalcedon d . From Oxford he went to 
Rome, to pursue his studies in philosophy, and theology. When his 
education was completed, he accompanied Father Robert Parsons into 
Spain, to visit the seminaries which he had lately established at Seville and 
V T alladolid. At Seville he exhibited a specimen of his learning in some 
disputations which were held before the Cardinal, and greatly edified the 
students by his precepts, and his example of modesty and other virtues. 
He continued here till the English having sent a fleet against Cadiz in 
1596, in the dress of a sailor, he went to England, on board a merchant 

J YVarton, p. 169. b Ibid. p. 431. Appendix. c From the College Register. Warton' 
Life of Sir Thomas Pope, p. 465. 

'' Doctor Richard Smith was born in Lincolnshire in 1566, and was for some time < 
Student at Trinity College, from whence he went to Rome. Morus, page 76. 


ship, with some other priests e . Not long afterwards he was admitted into 
the Society of Jesuits. As the age of profession is thirty-three years, this 
must have heen about the year 1598. 

It was the destination of Father Blount to be a labourer in the spiritual 
harvest of his native country. The laws were severe against persons of 
his profession, and they were executed with great vigilance. It was high 
treason for Jesuits and Priests to be found in England, it was felony to 
harbour them, and not to discover them subjected the party to fine and 
imprisonment. The students of the foreign seminaries, who were de- 
signed for the English mission, were educated for martyrdom. . They 
who aspired to a crown of glory cheerfully embraced death and danger. 
Notwithstanding the activity of the government, great numbers were an- 
nually sent over. 

Father Blount resided for some years in Sussex, and during this time 
he was twice in imminent danger of being apprehended. 

The first time, a Justice of the Peace, with his officers, came early in 

e Richardus Blondus, equestri loco natus in Leicestria, politiori doctrinae operam dedit 
Oxonii. Inde profectus Romam, postquara Philosophos Theologosque audivisset, ductus est 
a Personio in Hispanias ad novorura Seminariorum cohonestanda initia; et Hispali quidem, 
thesibus coram Cardinali propugnatis, edidit scientiae (specimen), modestiae vero ceterarum- 
que virtutum ornamentis turn Hispali, turn Vallisoleti, novis earum domorum alumnis 
praeivit, et quales esse deberent ostendit qui ad messem Anglicanam destinarentur. Morus, 
p. 436. 

Robert Parsons was born in 1546, went to Balliol College in 1563, was made a Fellow 
in 1568, and afterwards a Tutor. In 1574 he was expelled, when he left England, and 
became a Jesuit in 1575. He and Campion were the first Jesuits who came to England 
officially, and stayed to perform their duty, which was in 1580. Campion was seized, and 
executed the next year, and was the first martyr of the Society. Parsons escaped, and 
went abroad, and became Rector of the English College at Rome, in 1587- A few years 
afterwards he procured the establishments for English Students at Valladolid, Seville, Saint 
Omers, and Madrid. The College at Valladolid was completed in 1589, that at St. Omers 
in 1594. He presided over these Seminaries as Prsefect of the English Mission, and died 
at Rome in 1610. Morus, Dodd, Wood's Ath. &c. Before these, Peter Ribadeneira came 
into England with the Spanish Ambassador in the reign of Elizabeth. John Codresius, one 
of the ten companions of Ignatius, was appointed to the British Mission, but dying in 
in 1540, Alphonsus Salmeron, the first Jesuit who visited these countries, was sent into 
Ireland, with Pascasius Broettus, and Francisus Zapata. Finding it impossible to perform 
their duties, they returned to Italy. Ibid. 
' Statute 27 Eliz. chap. 2. 


the morning to the house where he was concealed. The master of the 
house was seized, and sent off to London ; the mistress was conveyed to 
the Justice's house, and the servants were committed to prison ; one maid 
only being left to take care of the children. The magistrate kept posses- 
sion of the house for five days, making repeated searches. During all this 
time, Father Blount and a servant were concealed in a hiding place. 
When their provisions were consumed, the servant came out, and delivered 
himself up, pretending to be the Priest of whom they had received inform- 
ation, and pointing out another place, as that in which he had been con- 
cealed ; upon which the Magistrate went away. Thus after some danger 
of starving, and the uneasiness of sitting in one position for so long a 
time, he escaped from his persecutors. 

The second time his trial was still severer. On a winter's night near 
Christmas, upon an information laid by a country servant, three Justices 
and their attendants suddenly entered the court-vard. Awakened by the 
noise, Father Blount started out of bed, and in his under garments only, 
with another person, hid himself in the hole of a thick stone wall, taking 
with him one loaf, and a little wine. The master was absent, and they 
shut up the mistress, with her children, in one of the rooms. Every part 
of the house was searched, every door broke open, and every suspicious 
place sounded : and they kept possession for ten days. On the last evening, 
having discovered by the sound that there was a hollow place in the wall, 
they battered it so hard as to loosen the stones, and the concealed inhabit- 
ants were obliged to support them with their shoulders. A heavy rain 
compelled the magistrates and their attendants to retire into the house, and 
whilst they were refreshing themselves, Father Blount made his escape 
from the hiding place. But he had still dangers to encounter. The house 
and garden were surrounded by a wall, and a moat. With much difficulty 
he scaled the wall, and swam over the moat, which was eighty feet wide, 
and clogged with broken ice. His companion, not being able to swim, 
was left behind, and made his escape by a stratagem. He ran into the 
hall, awoke the soldiers, and alarmed them with a fictitious story, that some 
thieves were stealing their horses. They started up, opened the gates, and 
ran with lights to the stables: of which he took advantage, and escaped. 
Father Blount, whose legs and feet were much torn and bruised, procured 
the dress of a countryman at a neighbouring house, continued his journey 
2 q2 


along the main road, which was deep in mud, and reached the house of 
another Catholic friend, where he lay sick for three months, and then went 
to London for farther medical advice. He felt the consequences of the 
sufferings he underwent upon this occasion all the rest of his lifes. 

In 1619, England, which had only been styled a Mission in the consti- 
tution of the order of Jesuits, was erected into a Vice-Province, and 
Father Blount was appointed the first Superior. Flanders, as well as 
England, were comprehended under both titles' 1 . 

Upon his appointment he divided England into regions, and assigned 
Moderators to each. By this measure the Fathers in every place had a 
superior near them to consult ; and cases of difficulty were reserved 
for the Vice-Provincial. It facilitated likewise the performance of the 
stated exercises, the renewal of their vows, and other matters of dis- 

Though he principally resided in London, and often visited different 
parts of the country, in the performance of his office, his great caution and 
vigilance enabled him to avoid discovery, and seizure. He assumed 
different characters, and never left or returned to his house but under the 
veil of darkness; and he avoided all open connexion with known Catholics. 
James the First, and Charles, honoured him with their favour, on account 
of his character for prudence and integrity. He loved to be in the society 
of great men, from whom he obtained the best information, and could com- 
municate what he wished to be known through a larger circle. Yet he 
avoided persons in the government, who might ask of him what he could 
neither refuse with safety, or grant with honesty. Such was his im- 
partiality, that Catesby, when he saw him coming, said, " Here is 
" Blount, who is universally beloved, but who cares for no man'." 
He was always ready to perform any part of his duty at any time, and 
at any hazard, but he was very unwilling to attend upon frivolous 
occasions, or to things of mere curiosity. " If I am apprehended, said 
" he, as a Priest, I shall submit readily to my fate, but I would not 

e Morus, page 439. " Propositus, ibid. p. 436. 

' " Hie adest Blondus quem oranes amant, cum ipse neminem." Robert Catesby, 
Esquire, was a gentleman of fortune, which he impaired by his extravagance. He was the 
contriver of the Gunpowder Plot, in which he was killed. 


" be caught when I was acting as a thoughtless or a foolish man k ." 
The French Ambassador was his constant friend, and he frequently 
stayed at his house. Though in general he never interfered in domestic 
affairs, he once interceded for one of his servants who had stolen a consi- 
derable sum of money, and, on his knees, obtained a pardon for him. 
Abstemious and humble in his usual habits, his common food and gar- 
ments were not superior to those of the poorest man : whenever he went 
upon any expedition, he adopted such appearances and manners as were 
most conformable to the character which he assumed 1 . 

Under the government of Father Blount, the society flourished greatly. 
In the year 1620 there were one hundred and nine Jesuits in England, who 
were almost all Priests. There were about as many in Flanders, but 
many of these were not yet so far advanced 1 ". He passed the year 1621 
in Flanders, in visiting the Colleges which were under his care, and 
as some relief and relaxation from the restraint which he endured in 
England \ 

In 1622, the number of Jesuits was increased to 236, and the Vice- 
Provincial held an assembly of the Fathers, in London, in the house of the 
French Ambassador, and with great precautions to prevent discovery. As 
many as forty were assembled, which was the number required by the 
laws of the society to constitute a Chapter. Though, as not being a 
Province, they could not, by the laws of the society, appoint a Deputy, 
they named Henry Silisdonius as their Agent, to transact their affairs at 
Rome. Three Residences were at the same time erected into Colleges, 
which were situated in London, in Wales, and in Staffordshire. But the 
Colleges consisted of Persons, and not of Buildings. 

After England had subsisted as a Vice-Province for three years, the 
number of Jesuits and Converts having greatly multiplied, Mutius, the 
General, erected it into a Province, in 1623. He wrote to Blount to 
that effect, and appointed him Propositus Provincialis, or Provincial, by 
a letter dated the 21st of January, 1624. It appears that there were then 
248 Fathers in England, and that 2600 persons had been converted from 
heresy in that country . 

k " Etenim si ut Sacerdos capiar, non gravate feram ; nolim tamen ut inconsideratus, 
" aut stultus." 

' Morus, pages 438, 439, 440. m Ibid. p. 434. ■ Ibid. p. 444. ° Ibid. 


Amongst the Harleian Manuscripts, there is an original letter from 
Blount, to Father Saguiran, a Jesuit at Paris, on the proposed marriage 
between Charles the First and Henrietta of France, dated at London, the 
20th of July, 1624. As it has never been printed, and contains the 
sentiments, and shews the conduct of the English Jesuits, upon that 
occasion, I shall introduce it in the Appendix ; and it is no bad specimen 
of Father Blount's Latinity p . 

During the time that he was Provincial, some contests arose between 
the different Catholic ecclesiastical orders in England, in which of course 
he bore a principal part. In l62o, Doctor Richard Smith was consecrated 
Bishop of Chalcedon, and was sent into England by Pope Urban the 
Eighth, with the usual powers of an ordinary. When he had entered upon 
his office, he proceeded to exercise the various authorities with which he 
conceived himself to be intrusted, he named Deacons and Rural Deans, 
claimed the proof of wills, and inforced the decree of the Council of Trent, 
which enacts, that no Priest, even a Regular, shall receive confessions, 
unless he has a parochial benefice, or is authorized by the Bishop. The 
Regulars refused to submit, and withdrew themselves from his jurisdiction. 
The quarrel was too violent to be kept long secret. Complaints were 
made to the King by the Bishops of the Church of England of the 
authority of the Catholic Bishop, which was misrepresented as if he 
claimed a jurisdiction in foro externo. Two proclamations were issued 
by the King, for apprehending Doctor Smith, one of the 1 1th of December, 
1628, and the other of March 24th, 1629. After taking refuge with the 
French Ambassador, he retired to France, and Cardinal Richelieu 
bestowed upon him the Abbey of Charroux, of which he was deprived by 
Cardinal Mazarine, and died in 1655 4 . 

These disputes were not ended by the retirement of the Bishop, who 
continued to exercise his authority by his Chapter and Officers. At 
length Pope Urban the Eighth issued his brief Britannia, dated May the 
9th, 1631, by which he pronounced for the validity of confessions made 

c Harl. MSS. No. 1583. Art. 71. fol. 227. Appendix, No. XIX. 

'" Dodds Church History, vol. iii. pages 76, 110; the whole of Book I. Art. 2. page 4. 
from the Diary of Douay College, and the Manuscript Memoirs of Panzani. Doctor 
William Bishop, the Bishop of Chalcedon, sent into England in 1621, died in 1625, when 
Smith succeeded him. Dupin, vol. iv. page 178. Concil. Trident. Sess. 23. cap. 15. 


to Regulars, and that the permission of the ordinary was not necessary. 
He directed all books which had been published in this controversy to 
be burnt, and prohibited all farther disputes, unless before the tribunal 
of the Holy See r . This decision, which was evidently in favour of 
the Regulars, was supposed to have been obtained by the intrigues 
of the Jesuits. It derogated from the episcopal power, as it was 
established by the Council of Trent. But even the authority of 
the Pope was not sufficient to appease these contests. The Catholics 
were much divided upon the question; the Spanish Ambassador, Colonna, 
took part with the Regulars, whilst the Queen, and the French Ambas- 
sador, supported the authority of the Bishop. Strong suspicions 
were even entertained, that the Brief itself was spurious, or surreptitious. 
To some person who entertained this opinion, Father Richard Blount 
addressed the following letter, dated the 20th of November, 1631. 

Very Reverend Sir, 

I should have been glad to have seen you, and in present to have 
satisfied you about the Brief that was sent by Urban to R. R. Father 
General, and from him came so fully authenticated to me, as there can be 
no doubt of the validity, and truth of it. It was sent from the Nuncio 
at Paris first hither from my Lord of Chalcedon, with order to publish it. 
which accordingly they have done both in English and Latin. I am 
informed of what Mr. Wigmore has done ; and it is no way dissenting 
from our order ; and I am sorry I cannot see you, to shew you the Brief 
itself, authenticated in forma probanda, as is usual in that court. The 
rest is my very hearty remembrance unto you ; and so in our love I rest 
your ancient and true friend, 


The proposal of appointing a new Bishop to supply the place of the 
Bishop of Chalcedon, again blew up the flames of contention. An 
Episcopal government was supported by the secular clergy, but the 
Jesuits and other Regulars, not liking to have a superior, opposed it 

' Dodd's Church History, vol. iii. p. 17, 158. 


by all the means in their power s . To accommodate these differences, 
Urban the Eighth and Cardinal Barbarini, in the year 1635, sent over 
Signor Gregorio Panzani, as the Papal agent. 

After receiving every information upon the subject, Panzani proposed 
a written form of agreement, which was general, and contained such saving 
clauses of the rights and privileges of all parties, that he supposed it might 
have been universally acceptable. A meeting was held to sign the agree- 
ment, which was dated upon the 17th of November, 1635, and had the 
signatures of some of the clergy and deputies from the Benedictines, 
Dominicans, Franciscans, and Carmelites. After professions of mutual 
peace, the Regulars agreed not to oppose the establishment of the Epis- 
copal authority in England, and the clergy not to suffer any encroach- 
ments upon the rights and privileges of the Regulars : and a future time 
was fixed for settling all farther questions 1 . 

The Jesuits declared that this agreement was a design against then- 
order. Blount, the Provincial, refused to treat with Panzani in person, 
and sent Father Roberts to the meeting, who refused to sign it, and 
remonstrated against the partiality and proceedings of the agent". The 
Provincial drew up a testimonium against it, which bears date the 25th 
of November, 1635, and was accompanied with a letter of the same 
date, addressed to Panzani. He professed his willingness for peace, 
but thought that this object would be better promoted by referring the 
dispute to the See of Rome than by private transactions, and com- 
plained that no notice was given him of the meeting, and that he was 
not consulted in the business". An answer was written by Panzani, 
the 28th of November, in which he sent him a copy of the agree- 
ment 51 . 

Blount addressed a second letter to him, the 4th of December, repeating 
the substance of his first letter, and stating, that he conceived the best way 
to procure peace was by observing the directions of the Brief Britannia, 

* Letter from the French Ambassador, Tous les reguliers, et principalement les Jesuites 
se faschons de voir quelqu'un au dessus d'eux, qui les peut regler avec plus de contrainte, 
qu'ils ne vouloient, &c. Dodd, p. 143. and 76. 

' The agreement is in Dodd. ■ Dodd, vol. iii. p. 133. * See the Testimonium, 

and letter in Mori Historia, page 471. J Dodd, ibid, page 134. 


by which his Holiness extinguished all disputes between the Bishop of 
Chalcedon and the Regulars, and decreed that no contest should be carried 
on unless before the Apostolic See, and that the present disputes should 
be decided, not by any private agreement, but by a reference to the Papal 
decision. He approved nevertheless of most of the articles, had no objec- 
tion to the appointment of a Bishop, and engaged to do nothing contrary 
to the agreement 2 . This second letter occasioned a sharp reply from the 
Clergy, in the nature of a manifesto, which Cardinal Barbarini advised 
Panzani to suppress, to prevent an angry controversy. 

There is a third, and very long, letter of Blount, dated January the 16th, 
1636, in which he states the reasons of his proceeding, and of his refusal 
to sign the agreement, chiefly the same, but more at large than was stated 
in his former letters. The principal part consists of bitter complaints 
of the writings of the Clergy against him, and his order, of their want of 
charity, and designs to ruin the Jesuits ; and he offers, as before, to refer 
all to the Pope*. 

The Pope, seeing the parties in England pretty equal, and perhaps in- 
clined to favour the Jesuits, who were very powerful at Rome, neither 
declared in favour of the agreement, nor against it. Panzani \va ; not able 
to effect the principal point, of obtaining a general consent for the admission 
of a Bishop. The agreement, not being sufficiently supported, died in its 
birth, and produced no effects, good or bad b . 

Soon after this, in 1636, Father Blount being then more than seventy 

■ Dodd, ibid. p. 135. a Ibid. p. 150. 

b Morus, the Jesuit, giving an account of this transaction, concludes it in these words. 
Ut nulla nota patensve causa fuit hujus novae conventionis, ita in auras simul atque nata 
est abiit; neque cuiquam aut utilitatis quidpiam attulit, aut detrimenti, page 475. There 
has been a controversy respecting the authenticity of Panzani's memoirs, as published by 
Berrington. Mr. Plowden supposes them to be either forged, or at least much garbled. 
An anonymous writer in the Gentleman's Magazine for 1795, page 365, informs us, that, 
after repeated searches, Panzani's report, upon his return to Rome, was found in the College 
of the Propaganda, intitled Relazione dello Stato della Religione Cattolica in Inghilterra. 
in 1637: that it is a violent, false, and scandalous invective against all the Catholics in 
England, except the Jesuits, and was supposed to have been drawn up by the party 
which supported the appointment of a Bishop, which was recommended as a 
remedy for all these imaginary irregularities. This question is immaterial, as, I believe, 
every statement which I have here made, depends upon other authorities. 
2 R 


years of age, treated with Mutius, the General, to resign his arduous office, 
which he had held for fifteen years. Having obtained his dismission, 
amongst other exercises of private virtue, he applied his mind to the con- 
version of his relations from the errors of heresy. Amongst several chil- 
dren, he and one sister only had embraced the Catholic faith. This 
happiness he particularly wished to communicate to his eldest brother, Sir 
Thomas Pope Blount, and his children. He pointed out to him, that 
many of the difficulties under which Catholics had laboured, were now 
removed by the relaxation of the laws against them, in the reign of King 
Charles. Though his brother had often, even whilst the laws rendered it 
dangerous, permitted him to discourse freely upon these topics, yet now, 
whether old age had rendered him more timid, and fearful of the loss of 
property, or whether his mind was more hardened in his opinions, reasons 
suggested by Moras, no importunities could now prevail upon him to 
listen to such conversations. Disappointed therefore of these hopes, 
Father Blount lived altogether retired, unless when, in his absence, he 
executed the office of the new Provincial. He lived two years after the 
resignation of his office, when he was attacked, near the end of Lent, bv 
an apoplexy, and lay speechless for three or four days. He recovered 
however his powers of speech and walking, till Whitsuntide, when, op- 
pressed by the stone, and a lethargy, he ended his meritorious life, and 
was buried in the Capuchines, then dwelling in London by the permission 
of the Queen . 

His character is thus given by Father Moras. " He was a man of 
" such strength of mind, that he was never influenced by passion, or afTec- 
" tion ; never thrown off his guard by sudden or unexpected occurrences ; 
" and he enjoyed a corresponding vigour of constitution, seldom afflicted 
" with disease. Though he was capable of enduring watchings and 
" labours in an extraordinary degree, his manners were polite and affable. 
" His prudence and wisdom were uncommon, and he made himself equally 
" agreeable to persons in all stations, high as well as low ; and possessed 
" the useful talent of conciliating the good wishes of all with whom he 
" conversed. When the Colleges were built in England, the want of 
" sufficient funds was supplied by his industry and influence, in collecting 

c Page 48 1, &c. Calculi doloribus oppressus et lethargo. 


" an eleemosynary provision for them; and, after Father Parsons, he was 
" justly considered as the column which supported the Mission, and the 
" Province" 1 ." 

He left in writing ample directions for the conduct of the English 
Jesuits ; which occupy twelve folio pages, and are therefore too long to 
insert here e . In them are clearly displayed that unlimited obedience to the 
superior, and that complete self-annihilation, which was required from the 
members of that extraordinary society. They were required to cultivate 
the two virtues enjoined by Saint Ignatius, as the foundation of all others, 
Greatness of mind, and Indifference. The first referred every thing to the 
glory of God ; the second consisted in sacrificing every object, every 
passion, and even every natural affection, to the common end of the 
society. The Fathers were stated in these directions as being divided 
into three classes : those who passed their lives in a state of perfect seclu- 
sion : those who were actively engaged in continual journeys : and a third 
kind, who intermixed in social intercourse. They were to be prepared to 
encounter labours and difficulties, and to strive after perfection. Precepts 
were added to direct their studies, their meditations, and their conversations ; 
to prohibit their lightly going about; to enjoin chastity, poverty, and 
obedience, the imitation of Christ, and the union with God. And he 
concludes by summing up the whole in the impressive words of our 
Saviour, / say unto you all, Be vigilant. 

Thomas Blount, the eldest brother of Father Richard Blount, suc- 
ceeded his father in the Osbaston and Tittenhanger estates ; and assuming 
the name of Pope, and being knighted, became Sir Thomas Pope 

* Vir cujus et animi vires erant illustres, et conguentissima corporis temperatio, ut illae 
nullo concitatiori affectu, aut casu repentino turbarentur ; ha?c vis ullo unquam morbo 
tentata fuerit ; Qui cum vigiliarum hborumque patientissimu^ esset, comitate atque affa- 
bilitate nulll secundus, prudentia et consilio singularis, sumnris aeque atque infimis gratis- 
simus, omnium animos facile sibi cunciliabat et quod Collegiis in Anglia erectis ad 
fundationem deerat ex collectis sua industria eleemosynis supplevit, altera, post Personium, 
Missionis et Provincial columna. Morus, page 481, &c. 

In the frontispiece to Morus is a print of Richard Blount, which has been copied by 
Nichols, in his History of Leicestershire, without mentioning whence he had it. Vol. iv. 
page 523, and vol. iii. page 11. There are likewise Edmund Campion, Henry Garnett, 
anil Robert Parsons. 

' Morus, page 432, &c. &c. &c. See in Appendix, No. XIX. an abstract of them. 
2 r2 


Blount. He was matriculated of Trinity College in 1574, being 
then eighteen years of age. He was Sheriff of Hertfordshire in 1598, 
and was knighted by King James the First on the 7th of May, at 
the commencement of his reign, at Theobald's, in his Majesty's journey 
from Scotland in 1602 : when he was offered the dignity of a baronetcy, 
which he refused: and was appointed one of the four deputy-lieutenants of 
Hertfordshire. He married Frances, the daughter of Sir Thomas Pigot, 
Knight, of Doddershall in Buckinghamshire, and the widow of Sir Thomas 
Nevil, Knight, of Holt in Leicestershire. His wealth was considerable, 
and he possessed estates in the counties of Hertford, Middlesex, Bedford, 
Leicester, Stafford, and Derby f . He died on the 10th of January, in the 
year 1639, in the eighty-sixth year of his age, and was buried at Ridge. 
He had four sons, Thomas Pope Blount, Henry Pope Blount, and two 
others, both christened by the name of Charles, and who died infants^. 

The eldest son, Thomas Pope Blount, Esquire, who was born in 
1598, married Margaret Pate, a widow, and died on the 7th of August, 
1654, without issue. 

He was succeeded in his estates at Tittenhanger, Osbaston, and other 
places, by his brother, Sir Henry Pope Blount, of Blounts-Hall' 1 . 
We come now to a cluster of men, a father and two sons, who became 
celebrated as authors, Sir Henry Pope Blount, Sir Thomas Pope Blount, 
and Charles Blount ; of whom in due order. 

Sir Henry Pope Blount was born at Tittenhanger on the 15th of 
December, 1602. He was educated in the free school at Saint Alban's, 
and made such progress in his learning, that he was entered a gentleman- 
commoner of Trinity College in 1615, before he was fourteen years of age: 
where, at that early period of life, he attracted the peculiar attention and 
esteem of the society, more from his own personal and intrinsic accomplish- 
ments, his amiable disposition, lively conversation, engaging address, genius, 
and taste for polite literature, than from his family connexions, and his 
near relation to the Founder. His Tutor was the learned Robert 
Skynner, one of the Fellows, afterwards successively Bishop of Bristol, 

' There are some papers and letters relating to a cause between Sir Thomas Pope Blount, 
and Sir George Tipping, in 1617, in Lansdowne MSS. vol. 165. Art. 86, 87- 

8 Chauncy's Hertfordshire, p. 24. Collins, p 667- 

" Osbaston was at last sold to John Needham, and now is in the Munday family. 
Nichols's Leicest. vol. iv. p. 522. 


Oxford, and Worcester'. After taking his first degree, he quitted 
college in 1619) removed to Gray's Inn, and studied the municipal law : 
which he soon abandoned, and sold his chambers to Bonham the poet. 
He then made a tour through Italy, France, and some part of Spain. On 
the 7th of May, 1634, he embarked at Venice for Constantinople. Having 
before visited those countries in Europe which are in the usual routine of 
travellers, his desire of knowledge, particularly of human affairs, prompted 
him to extend his researches to a people whose institutions so much differ 
from our own, " for customs, he observed, conformable to ours, do but 
" repeat our old observations, with little acquist of new." To a man pos- 
sessed of such a desire of knowledge, Turkey afforded a noble scene for 
observation, in the religion, the manners, and the policy of that extraordinary 
nation : which was then at the height of its power. The other sects amongst 
them, the Greeks, Armenians, Franks, and Zingannaes, and particularlv 
the Jews, were the next objects of his enquiries. The Turkish army then 
marching against Poland, and their military discipline, was the third object; 
and " the last and choice piece of his intent, was to visit Grand Cairo, the 
" greatest commerce of mankind" in those days, and " because Egypt had 
" been the fountain of all science." The mind of Sir Henry, cultivated by a 
sufficient store of learning and science, and enlarged by experience, was 
well qualified to reap the full benefit of this expedition. His course was 
directed through Zara, Spalatro, Belgrade, Sophia, Adrianople, Constanti- 
nople, the Troad, Rhodes, and some other islands of the Archipelago, 
Alexandria, Grand Cairo, Rosetta, Sicily, and so back to Venice, where 
he arrived on the eleventh month after his departure. In 1636 he 
published an account of his travels in quarto, and they were often after- 
wards reprinted. 

During the time that he was with the Turkish army, an accident, as he 
states it, occasioned his being favourably entertained, and he received a 
flattering offer to be taken into the Turkish service. " The camp 
being pitched on the shoar of Danubius, I went (but timerously) to 
view the service about Murath Basha's Court, where one of his fa- 
vourite boys espying me to be a stranger, gave me a cup of sherbet. 

* Wood's Ath. Oxon. ii. Col. 534. Warton Life of Sir Thomas Pope, from the Register 
of Trinity College, page <206'. 


I in thanks, and to make friends in court, presented him with a pocket 
looking-glass, in a little ivory case, with a comb, such as are sold at 
Westminster Hall for four or five shillings a-piece. The youth much 
taken therewith, ran and shewed it to the Bashaw, who presently sent for 
me, and making me sit, and drink cauphe in his presence, called for one 
that spake Italian : Then demanding of my condition, purpose, country, 
and many other particulars, it was my fortune to hit his humour so right, 
as at last he asked, if my law did permit me to serve under them going 
asjainst the Polack, who is a Christian ; promising with his hand upon his 
breast, that if I would, I should be enrolled of his companies, furnished 
with a good horse, and for other necessaries be provided with the rest of 
his household. I humbly thanked him for his favour ; and told him, that 
to an Englishman it was lawful to serve under any who were in league 
with our King ; and that our King had not only a league with the Gran 
Signior, but continually held an Embassadour at his court, esteeming him 
the greatest Monarch in the world : So that my service there, especially if 
I behaved myself not unworthy of my nation, would be exceedingly well 
received in England. And the Polack, though in name a Christian, yet 
of a sect, which for idolatry, and many other points, we much abhorred ; 
wherefore the English had of late helpt the Muscovite against him, and 
would be forwarder under the Turks, whom we not only honoured for their 
glorious actions in the world, but also loved, for the kind commerce of 
trade which we find amongst them. But as for my present engagement to 
the war, with much sorrow I acknowledged my incapacity, by reason I 
wanted language ; which would not only render me uncapable of com- 
mands, and so unserviceable, but also endanger me in tumults, where 1, 
appearing a stranger, and not able to express my affection, might be mis- 
taken, and used accordingly ; wherefore I humbly entreated his Highness 
leave to follow my poor affairs, with an eternal oblige, to blazon his 
honourable favour wheresoever I came. He forthwith bad me do as liked 
me best ; wherewith I took my leave, but had much confidence in his 
favour, and went often to observe his court." 

Soon after his return, King Charles the First, who was a great patron of 
intellectual merit, made him one of his Gentlemen Pensioners". Sir 



Thomas Pope Blount, his father, died in 1638, and by his will bequeathed 
to him Blounts-Hall, with the manor, and the manors of Arlestone and 
Syndfine in Derbyshire, which had formerly been considered as the inhe- 
ritance of the younger sons of the family 1 . The King conferred upon him 
the honour of knighthood on the 21st of March, 1639. In 1641 he sold 
his manors of Arlestone and Syndfine, which were worth above five 
hundred pounds a year, to Sir John Harpur, for an annuity of one 
thousand pounds for his life'". 

Wit, good humour, and other sociable talents, are too apt to lead their 
possessors into dissipation. Sir Henry Blount, with all his judgment and 
good sense, when he was young was not proof against the allurements of 
pleasure. He was guilty of excesses in the enjoyment of conviviality, 
and he allowed himself the greatest liberties in gallantry. Yet in a 
satirical publication, called The Parliament of Ladies", he was brought to 
the bar for holding that heretical doctrine in love, which had been openly 
professed, sixteen hundred years before him, by the inimitable Horace, 

Parabilem aiirn Venerem, facilemque\ 

In his gay days he dined most commonly, we are informed, at the Hey- 
cock's ordinary, near the Pallsgrave-head tavern in the Strand, which was 
much frequented by Parliament-men, and Gallants. Here it was that he 
won a jocose wager of Colonel Betrige, one of the most fashionable men 
about the town, in confirmation of his strange notion, that the fair sex loved 
money, more than beauty, in their admirers p . 

At those convivial parties he excelled likewise in that species of humour, 
now called hoaxing, but then styled shamming: which consists in telling 
falsities, not to do any person an injury, but to impose upon their under- 
standings : of which, Aubrey, the antiquary and unwearied collector of 
anecdotes, has given the following instance. He told once in company, 
that at an inn at Saint Alban's, the innkeeper had made a hogs-trough of a 
free-stone coffin, but the pigs after that grew lean, dancing and skipping, 
and would run up on the tops of the houses like goats. Two young 
gentlemen, who heard him tell this sham so gravely, rode the next day to 
Saint Alban's to enquire. Coming there, nobody had heard of any such 

' Collins, iii. p. 669. " Ibid. n Written by Hen. Nevill, Esquire. ° Sat. I. 2. 
119 Aubrey's Lives, vol. ii. page 242. p Aubrey, ibid. 


thing, 'twas altogether false. The next night, as soon as they alighted, 
they came to the Rainbow coffee house, and found Sir Henry ; looked 
learingly on him, and told him they wondered he was not ashamed to 
tell such stories. " Why Gentlemen," said Sir Henry, " have you been 
" there to make enquiry ?" " Yea," said they. " Why truly, Gentle- 
" men," said Sir Henry, " I heard you tell strange things that I knew to 
" be false. I would not have gone over the threshold of the door to have 
" found you in a lie." At which all the company laughed at the two 
young gentlemen q . 

When he arrived at a maturer age, about the year 1642, being forty 
years old, he discarded these youthful follies, became more serious, and 
drank nothing but water, or coffee. This latter liquor was soon after 
first introduced into this country, and was strongly patronized by Sir 
Henry, who was a constant frequenter of coffee houses, having probably 
acquired a taste for it in his Turkish travels. The first coffee house in 
London, Aubrey informs us, was in St. Michael's Alley, in Cornhill, 
which was set up by one Bowman, coachman to Mr. Hodges, a Turkey 
merchant, in or about the year 1652. And it was four years after before 
a second was set up by Mr. Farres at the Rainbow near the Inner Temple 
gate r . 

In the civil war he attended the King as one of his Gentlemen Pen- 
sioners, at York, and in the battle of Edgehill : where he had the care of 
the royal children, the Prince of Wales, and the Duke of York : and 
retired with them towards the end of the battle, not without imminent 
danger of their being taken in an ambush by the way 8 . He was after- 
wards with the King at Oxford, but left him, and retired to London. 
Upon his arrival there, he walked into Westminster Hall with his sword 
by his side, to the astonishment of the Parliamentarians, who stared upon 
him as a Cavalier, knowing that he had been with the King. Upon which 
he was called before the House of Commons, and questioned for his 
adherence to his Majesty ; but remonstrating to them that he did no more 
than what his place required, he was acquitted 1 . 

When the King's cause became desperate, he joined the reigning party, 

q Aubrey's Lives, vol. ii. page 242. r ibid. s Collins, iii. p. 669. und Echard's 

History of England. « Wood, Aubrey. 


and was well esteemed by them. He was appointed in January, 1651, 
one of the committee of twenty-one persons to consult about the reform- 
ation of the law, and to remedy the delays, and other inconveniences in 
the practice of it u . He was active against the payment of tithes, and 
endeavoured to reduce the emoluments of Ministers to one hundred pounds 
a year. He inveighed much against the Universities, because, he said, 
young men were too dissipated there, and the learning acquired was to be 
unlearned again, as not fit to qualify them for the affairs of the world. In 
1654, he sat in the Upper Bench in Westminster Hall, with Lord Chief 
Justice Rolles and others, on the commission for the trial of Don Panta- 
leon Sa, the Portuguese Ambassador's brother, for a murder ; an act of 
justice, which brought great credit to Cromwell's government". In the 
same year, 1654, by the death of his brother, Thomas Pope Blount, 
Esquire, he came into possession of the estate at Tittenhanger, when he 
pulled down the ancient magnificent fabric, and built a new house*. 
On the 1st of November, 1655, he was appointed one of the Committee to 
take into consideration the trade and navigation of the Commonwealth. 

As Sir Henry was known to be friendly to the royal cause, and had 
joined the republican party, when all hopes of preserving the monarchy 
were extinct, rather with a view of being serviceable to his country, than 
from any real attachment to the usurpers, at the Restoration he was received 
into favour, and was appointed High-Sheriff for Hertfordshire 2 . After 
this he lived the retired life of a country gentleman for about twenty 

The last week of September, 1682, he was taken very ill at London, 
and his feet swelled. He was removed to Tittenhanger, where he died on 
the 9th of October following, aged nearly eighty years, probably owing 
this length of life to the temperance of the last forty years 3 . He was 
buried at Ridge. 

He had married, in 1647, Hester, widow of Sir William Mainwaring, 
Knight, of Chester, who was slain in the civil wars, on the King's side, in 
defence of that city, the eldest of the two daughters and coheirs of Chris- 

u Whitlocke's Memorials, p. 496. Sir Henry, and Colonel Blount are both in it. 
" Wood, Aubrey, Whitlocke's Mem. p. 573. ? Collins from the family. z Wood, 

Collins. • Aubrey, Collins. 

2 S 


topher Wase, Esquire, of Upper Holloway, in the parish of Islington. 
She died in 16'7S. Of seven sons by this lady, three only, and a daughter, 
survived him, Sir Thomas Pope Blount, Charles, Ulysses, and Frances. 

The character of Sir Henry, as it has been drawn by those who knew 
him well, is extremely favourable. He is said to have been a gentleman 
of a very clear judgment, great experience, much contemplation, though 
not of much reading, of great foresight into government, and of admirable 
conversation b . Another styles him the Socrates of the age, for his 
aversions to the reigning sophisms, and hypocrisies : eminent in ail capa- 
cities, the best husband, father, and master, extremely agreeable in conver- 
sation, and just in all his dealings . 

But it was unhappy for Sir Henry that his acuteness of mind, and his 
apprehensions of being imposed upon, led him into scepticism. From a 
discourse in Latin upon the soul, written by him, and published by his son 
Charles, it appears that he was a deist, and held the doctrine of mate- 
rialism, with its necessary consequence, the mortality of the soul d . In 
this piece, he is of opinion, That God is all things, and does all things. 
That all things, both body, and spirit, are in perpetual motion, from 
one combination to another, continually forming new combinations. 
That the creature is formed by the union of body and spirit, and is 
destroyed by their dissolution. That spirit and body are not essentially 
distinct, only different forms of the same substance, and that by rare- 
faction, the corporeal parts of the world become spirit, and the spiritual 
parts by condensation are reduced to body. That neither spirit or body 
are identically the same from time to time, but are continually renewed 
by aliment. That the body of our aliments is changed into body, the 
spirit into spirit, and that as a man is most corporeal or spiritual, he 
assimilates the corporeal or spiritual parts of food into himself. That 
thus we are the temporary formations of the eternal God, which Fate 
allows no farther existence. Such are the " twilight conjectures," 
as his son calls them, which imposed upon Sir Henry under the 

b Wood. f Gililon. Preface to the Oracles of Reason. 

A Miscellaneous Works of Charles Blount, Esquire, 1695, page 154. It is contained in 
a letter addressed to the Right Honourable and most ingenious Strephon, supposed to 
have been Lord Rochester, 1679. 


name of philosophy ; doctrines more incomprehensible, more beyond 
reason and common sense, than the grossest absurdities which were ever 
attempted to be taught in the name of religion, and a perfect chaos in 
comparison to the beautiful simplicity of the history of human nature, as 
it is delivered to us in the divine inspiration of the Scriptures. 

With such notions it is not wonderful that he did not permit his servants 
to go to church ; but the reason he assigned for it is rather extraordinary, 
" that there they infected one another to go to the ale-house, and learn 
" debauchery ;" but he ordered them to go to see the executions at 
Tyburn, which would work more upon them than all the oratory of the 
pulpit'. Yet he was prudent, and made no ostentatious display of his 
opinions. It was his motto, " to speak with the multitude, and to think 
" with the wise f ." 

The only work of any importance written by him was the account of 
his travels, which was entitled, " A Voyage into the Levant, being a 
" relation of a journey lately performed from England, by the way of 
" Venice, into Dalmatia, Sclavonia, Bosna, Hungary, Macedonia, Thes- 
" saly, Thrace, Rhodes, and Egypt, unto Grand Cairo, with particular 
•' observations concerning the modern condition of the Turks, and other 
" people under that empire." About half the volume is occupied by 
" such observations," as he states it himself, " as were of passage local, 
" and naturally borne along with the places whereon he took them;" but 
the remainder of the book is a more general discourse, concerning the 
institutions of the whole Turkish empire, under the four heads of arms, 
religion, justice, and moral customs. The style has the pedantry and 
quaintness, but at the same time the strength, of the age in which he 
wrote. Some few extraordinary stories he has collected from the inform- 
ation of those whom he met with ; in what he saw himself, he has shewn 
considerable talent for observation, great penetration, and much good sense 
and judgment in his remarks. He saw every thing, and reasoned upon all 
he saw, endeavouring to do justice to all subjects, " without being dazzled 
" with any affection, prejudicacy, or mist of education, which praeoccu- 
" pate the mind, and delude it with partial ideas, as with a false glass, 
" representing the objects in colours and proportions untrue." I cannot 

e Aubrey. ' Ibid. Loquendum est cum vulgo, sentiendum cum sapientibus. 
2 S 2 


agree with a learned critic B , that " this work is the voyage of a sceptic, 
" and would probably never have been written, but for the purpose of insi- 
" nuating his religious sentiments." None of those sentiments appear in 
the work, nor does there seem to be any thing injurious to religion ; unless 
we should rank under that head, his censures of the superstitions of the 
Mahomedans and Jews, which do not apply to Christianity, the affectation 
of freedom from prejudice, his approbation of some practices amongst the 
Turks, and some other passages which may be indeed distorted to improper 
meanings, not apparently intended by the author. 

He republished likewise, in 1632, six plays of Lylie, a poet who lived 
in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, under the title of Court Comedies 1 ': 
about the year 1647, a pamphlet entitled The Exchange Walk : and a 
letter in praise of Tobacco and Coffee, prefixed to a book of experiments 
upon them, written by Walter Ramsey in 1657'. 

The second in this literary triumvirate was SirThomas Pope Blount, 
the eldest son of Sir Henry Blount ; who was born at Upper Holloway, 
in the county of Middlesex, on the 12th of September, in 1649. The 
advantage of an early education, under the able instructions of his father, 
was not lost upon him. He soon distinguished himself by his talents, 
learning, and other accomplishments, and for his general merits was created 
a Baronet, by King Charles the Second, by a patent dated the 27th of 
January, 1679, in the life-time of his father. His love for retirement and 
study did not disqualify him for more active scenes, or for the performance 
of the public duties belonging to his rank and fortune. In the two last par- 
liaments of Charles the Second, in the thirtieth and thirty-first years of his 
reign, he was one of the Members for the borough of Saint Alban's, and 
was Knight of the Shire for Hertfordshire, the remaining part of his life, in 
the convention parliament, and in the parliaments which were summoned 
in the second year of William and Mary, and the seventh of William. 
During the last three years he was appointed by the House of Commons 
as one of the commissioners of the public accounts. In his political 
conduct, he shewed himself a lover of rational liberty, and a sincere friend 
to his country, and was steady to the party by which the Revolution was 
affected : without any violence or rancour against those of opposite senti- 

s Wartons Life of Sir T. Pope, page 207. " Wood, Ath. Oxon. i. col. 257- 

'Wood, ii. p. 534, and 166. 


ments. He married Jane, the only daughter of Sir Henry Caesar, or 
Adehnare, Knight, of Benington Place in Hertfordshire, died at Titten- 
hanger on the 30th of June, 1697, in the forty-eighth year of his age, and 
was buried at Ridge. His Lady died at Kensington Gravel Pits, on 
the 14th of July, 1726. They had five sons and nine daughters. 

His principal work was the Censura Celebriorum Authorum, a large folio 
volume in Latin, which is a collection of the judgments of learned men 
upon the writings of the principal authors who have appeared in all 
ages. It is a compilation of great erudition and labour, well known to the 
literary historian, and which has been the great original magazine from 
whence succeeding critics have deduced many of their materials, usually 
without any acknowledgment. He gives a short history of every author, 
and the time when he lived, with a list of all or the principal part of his 
writings, their authority in the literary world, and the best editions. Com- 
mencing with Hermes Trismegistus, and from him descending to Hesiod 
and Homer, he travels regularly down, in the order of time, to his own 
contemporaries, ending with Hobbes, Hottinger, Gronovius, Dr. Willis, 
and Tanaquil Faber, comprehending a series of near six hundred writers. 
Under every head he gives with fidelity all the various, and sometimes 
conflicting opinions which could be collected, from writers, ancient and 
modern, Greek, Latin, French, and English, and he has the modesty 
never to interpose his own. It was first published at London in 1690, in 
folio, and afterwards at Geneva in quarto in 1694, and 1710. 

Another critical work was entitled " De Re Poetica, or Remarks upon 
" Poetry, with characters, and censures of the most considerable poets, 
" whether ancient or modern, extracted out of the best and choicest 
" critics." This was printed in 1694, and is written in English. Like 
his Censura, it professes only to be a collection, and that the author has 
nothing to answer for but the choice, and the distribution of the matter. 
What he professes he has well performed. It was a very useful work, and has 
only been superseded by later writers, who have used his materials, without 
confessing their obligation. After receiving his previous approbation, it 
was dedicated to Lord Mulgrave, afterwards Duke of Buckingham, the 
elegant author of the Essay on Poetry. It is in two parts; the first con- 
tains remarks upon poetry in general, and upon each particular species, 
with judicious rules selected from Aristotle, Rapin, Dryden, Buckingham, 


Roscommon, Boilcau, Temple, Rimer, and other critics. The second 
part contains the characters and censures of the poets, ancient and modern, 
in alphabetical order. 

The same method of selection was followed by Sir Thomas Pope Blount 
in another book upon a very different subject, " A Natural History, con- 
" taining many not common observations : extracted out of the best 
" modern writers." A duodecimo volume, giving an entertaining account 
of some of the most curious objects of that amusing science, must have 
had an extensive circulation. The great modern improvements in Natural 
History, and the greater range of information now possessed, has rendered 
these former publications of little value ; except to shew the strange and 
erroneous conceptions which were formed respecting many productions of 

Essays upon subjects of science, or morality, are generally interesting, 
and we may naturally suppose that those of Sir Thomas Pope Blount were 
the most popular of all his works. They are seven in number, with the 
following titles, 1. That Interest governs the world. 2. The great 
Mischief and Prejudice of Learning ; and that a Wise Man ought to be 
preferred before a Man of Learning. 3. Of Education and Custom. 
4. Of the Ancients ; the Respect that is due to them ; that we should not 
too much enslave ourselves to their opinions. 5. Whether the Men of this 
present Age, are any way inferiour to those of former Ages ; either in 
respect of Virtue, Learning, or long Life. 6. Of Passion, and whether the 
Passions are an Advantage, or Disadvantage to Men. 7- The Variety of 
Opinions : whence it proceeds : the Uncertainty of Human Knowledge. 
8. An Essay of Religion. In style and manner he seems to have formed 
himself upon the models of Lord Bacon, and Bishop Taylor, and his repu- 
tation will not suffer by a comparison with those great men, or with Sir 
William Temple. If he has something of their quaintness, he is not 
inferior in strength, and fertility of imagination. In an easy familiarity of 
address he engages our affections, and makes us acquainted with himself, 
his genuine feelings, and opinions : and all we see is good and amiable. 

It is evident from these essays that the examples of his father and his 
brother did not seduce him into deism. Like them he is suspicious of 
being imposed upon, and decides upon every subject for himself; but his 
judgment is sound, and his opinions generally correct. He admits the 


divine origin of the Jewish dispensation, when he speaks of the laws of 
Moses as given by Almighty God k . And with respect to Christianity, 
he styles it, " a blessed religion." " Of all the vertues and dignities of the 
" mind, he says, Goodness of nature is the greatest, being the very 
" character of the Deity, and therefore all the acts of our Saviour, whilst 
" he conversed on earth amongst men, were purely the effects of, and 
" emanations from, his tenderness and good nature." Again, " The 
" Christian religion is a plain, simple, easy thing, and Christ commends 
" his yoke to us by the easiness of it'." 

In politics, he shews himself an enthusiastic friend to liberty, which, he 
justly observes, " alone inspires men with lofty thoughts, and elevates 
' l their souls to the highest pitch." " The duty of Britons, in the defence 
" of their palladium, Magna Charta, as it might be expressed in the words 
" of a British chief, when he was about to engage the Roman invaders, 
" El majores vestros et posteros cogitate.'''' " Think upon your ances- 
" tors, and your posterity," he thought, " should be written with a quill 
" drawn from the wing of a cherubim." Yet the liberty Avhich he 
adored was not a wild republican liberty, but such as is to be found in tht- 
British Constitution, tempered with regal power. And he even goes so 
tar as to say, that " a monarchy pure and unmixed would please him best, 
" could human nature be long trusted with it. But, alas ! kings are but 
" men, they have their vices and infirmities, their sallies and enormities. 
i; like the rest of mankind; and considering the unhappiness of their edu- 
" cation in being surrounded with sycophants and flatterers, it is a wonder 
" they prove at the common rate of men." 

His opinion as to the utility of learning was equally just. Giving it all 
due weight, and no man was better able to appreciate its value from his 
own knowledge, he was an enemy to pedantry, and thought learning itself, 
without a proper admixture of good sense and experience, was but of little 
service in human life, and was not the standard of happiness and wisdom. 
The following passage, with which he finishes his Essay on this subject, 
may serve as a specimen of his reasoning and language. 

" To conclude then, it is not a man's cloistering himself up in his 
" study, nor his continual poring upon books, that makes him a wise man ; 



" no, this property is chiefly to be acquired by meditation and converse. 
" 'Tis true (indeed) books well managed afford mighty help and assistance. 
" They strengthen the organ, and enlarge the prospect, and give a more 
" universal insight into things, than can be learned from unlettered ob- 
" servations ; whereas he who depends solely upon his own experience, 
" has but a few materials to work upon. These advantages, I say, may 
" be had from books well managed; but, alas, how few are there that 
" make this use of their reading ? or that really are one jot the better for 
" it ? With many men reading is nothing better than a dozing kind of 
" idleness, and the book is a mere opiate, that makes them sleep with their 
" eyes open. It is used for no other purpose than as an antidote against 
" thinking. Thus then thinking is so absolutely necessary, that reading 
" signifies little or nothing without it. Thinking may do without reading, 
" as appears in the first inventors of arts and sciences ; who were fain to 
" think out their way to the recesses of truth ; but the other can never do 
" without this. Reading without thinking may indeed make a rich 
" common place, but it will never enrich the brain ; it may indeed furnish 
" a man with great store of matter, but it is still without form and void, 
" till thinking, like the seminal spirit, agitates the dead shapeless lump, 
" and works it up into figure and symmetry. The man of thought and 
" meditation moves in a larger sphere ; he does not thus pinion his fancy, 
" but puts it upon the wing, which seldom returns without some noble 
" quarry. And did men know how much the pleasure of thinking tran- 
" scends all other pleasures, they would certainly put a greater value upon 
" it. All others grow flat and insipid upon frequent use ; and when a 
" man hath run through a set of vanities, in the declension of his age he 
" knows not what to do with himself, if he cannot think. He saunters 
" about from one dull business to another, to wear out time ; and hath no 
" reason to value life, but because he is afraid of death. But contemplation 
" is a continual spring of fresh pleasures. And nothing is comparable to 
" the pleasure of an active and a prevailing thought ; a thought prevailing 
" over the difficulty and obscurity of the object, and refreshing the soul 
" with new discoveries and images of things, and thereby extending the 
" bounds of apprehension ; and (as it were) enlarging the territories of 

" reason " 

I shall conclude this account of Sir Thomas Pope Blount with another 


specimen of the justness of his sentiments, from the preface to his Natural 

" Whoever surveys the curious fabric of the universe, can never imagine 
" that so noble a structure should be framed for no other use, than barely 
" for mankind to live and breathe in. It was certainly the design of the 
" great Architect, that his creatures should afford not only necessaries and 
" accommodations to our animal part, but also instruction to our intel- 
" lectual. Every flower of the field, every fibre of a plant, every particle 
" of an insect, carries with it an impress of its Maker, and can (if duly 
" considered) read us lectures of ethics or divinity. The deeper insight 
" any man hath into the affairs of nature, the more he discovers of the 
" accurateness and art that is in the contexture of things: for the works of 
" God are not like the compositions of fancy, or the tricks of jugglers, 
" that will not bear a clear light, or strict scrutiny ; but their exactness 
" receives advantage from the severest inspection; and he admires most, 
" that knows most." 

The third writer of this family was Charles Blount, the second surviving 
son of Sir Henry Blount, who was born at his grandfather's seat at Upper 
Holloway in Middlesex, on the 27th of April, in 1654. With his elder 
brother, he was educated by his father; and under such an instructor, 
with natural talents and attention, he made a great progress in learning, 
and proved a most accomplished man. With a liberality which could not 
fail of producing an adequate effect upon a generous mind, Sir Henry 
treated him as a friend, instead of employing the harsher authority of a 
parent. In consequence probablv of this judicious plan, Charles arrived 
at an early maturity of manly discretion, was brought out young into the 
world, and on the 3d of December, 1672, when he was only eighteen 
years of age, he was married, at Westminster Abbey, to Eleanor, the 
fourth daughter of Sir Timothv Tyrrell, of Shotover in Oxfordshire ; and 
his lather expressed his approbation of the match by the settlement of an 
handsome estate at Blounts-Hall in Staffordshire, with other lands in 
Middlesex™. Of the sisters of Mrs. Blount, Elizabeth married Philip 
Hoby, Esquire, brother of Sir Edward Hoby, Baronet, of Bisham, in 
Berkshire; Mary, Henry Cavendish ; Penelope, Sir James Russel; and 
Bridget, Samuel Byrch, Esquire". 

m Collins's Baronetage. Gildon's account of the Life of C. Blount, prefixed to his 
Miscellaneous Works. " Collins. 

2 T 


However erroneous might have been the speculative opinions of Charles 
Blount, he cannot be denied just praises for extensive learning, an amiable 
disposition, and the correct performance of the duties of life. Gildon, who 
knew him intimately, has given the following character of him; and though 
it was traced by the hand of friendship, truth seems to have guided his 
pen. " Nature gave him parts capable of noble sciences, and his indus- 
trious studies bore a proportion to his capacity. He was a generous and 
constant friend, an indulgent father, and a kind master. His temper was 
open and free, his conversation pleasant, his reflexions just and modest, his 
repartees close, not scurrilous. He had a great deal of wit, and no malice. 
His soul was large and noble, above the little designs of most men. He 
was an enemy to dissimulation, and never feared to own his thoughts. 
He was a true Englishman, and lover of the liberty of his country; and 
declared it in the worst of times. He was an enemy to nothing but error, 
and none were his enemies that knew him, but those who sacrificed more 
to mammon than reason. He was the darling of his acquaintance, and 
the delight of his friends ." He says of himself, that " in his habits 
he was temperate, eating out of necessity rather than pleasure ; not a 
slave to precedents, but taking his meals when nature required. His 
usual liquor was water, and he never drank any other but to prevent 
himself from being the spy and wonder of the company. He was fond 
of hunting, and was sometimes master of a pack of hounds ." 

" He had been bred in a correct notion of the Deity. He had learned 
that God was the first cause of all things, was one and indivisible, was 
goodness itself, infinite and uniform in all his attributes, the eternal source 
of all goodness, wisdom, power, justice, and mercy. Of the glory, 
honour, and adoration of this Being, he was a most zealous asserter, and in 
these opinions he lived and died 1 *." But this sublime doctrine, however 
sound as far as it went, was unfortunately the whole of his creed. From 
the principles which he had early imbibed from his father, from an abhor- 
rence of superstition, and the fear of being the dupe of artful and interested 
men, Charles Blount flew ofT to the opposite extreme of scepticism, and 
became a professed deist, strongly prejudiced against the Scriptures, and 
the whole of the Christian religion. 

' Gildon, ibid. t Notes to Philostratus, pages 24, 183, and 89- « Gildon, ibid. 


From Spinosa, and other foreign philosophers, these opinions had been 
introduced into England, and formed into a regular system, by the talents 
of Lord Herbert of Cherbury : who was followed by the celebrated Hobbes. 
Charles Blount succeeded next, as the principal leader of the deistical phi- 
losophy ; and propagated his opinions with indefatigable zeal in con- 
versation, writing, and in a great variety of publications. His works 
were the more dangerous, as they were composed with ability, with 
extensive learning, in an elegant style, and in the English language. The 
school of deism thus established has been continued to the present times 
by a succession of writers, through Toland, the Earl of Shaftesbury, 
Collins, Woolston, Tindal, Morgan, Chubb, Lord Bolingbroke, Hume, 
and Douglas, down to Gibbon, and his disciples ; and the old objections, 
though repeatedly confuted, have been again and again brought forward 
with unblushing perseverance. 

His first publication upon this subject made its appearance in 1679, 
and his father was supposed to have assisted him in it. It was intitled, 
" Anima Mundi, or an historical narration of the opinions of the ancients 
" concerning man's soul after this life, according to unenlightened nature." 
He informs us, that his design was to vindicate Christianity, by a com- 
parison with Paganism, and to shew the absurd and monstrous doctrines 
of the heathenish superstition, of which he has given a very learned 
account, with many judicious remarks. But it was suspected that his real 
object was directly contrary to his professions. Many of his objections 
and censures apply equally, and even stronger, to the Christian religion, 
than to those doctrines against which they are apparently directed. His 
praises often are evidently ironical, or to save appearances. It may 
clearly be seen that he approves of many of the opinions which he affects 
to decry ; and he sometimes betrays the cause he pretends to support, by 
weak and incompetent arguments, and by artful insinuations. This plan 
of attacking Revelation, rather by indirect and covert methods, than by an 
open warfare, has been adopted by most of the succeeding writers on that 
side of the question. It was probably first suggested by the fear of the 
laws which protected the religion of the country, and was continued as the 
most effectual means of undermining established opinions, and as less 
likely to create an alarm than an undisguised opposition. 

When this book was handed about in manuscript, there were many 
2 T 2 


passages less equivocal, and more exceptionable, than what now appear, 
and which were cancelled before it was printed. Upon the publication a 
great clamour was raised against it, and Sir Roger L'Estrange, the licencer, 
who had given it his imprimatur, being alarmed, waited upon Doctor 
Compton, the Bishop of London, and explained to him that the most 
obnoxious parts had been expunged. The Bishop however thought that 
it was not a proper book for the public eye even in its reformed state, but 
he was satisfied with a promise that it should be suppressed. Nevertheless 
advantage was taken of the Bishop's absence, and the book was publicly 
burned by some zealots, contrary to his Lordship's promise, and, as was 
believed, to his order r . 

The next work, and which appeared soon after the former, was entitled 
" Great is Diana of the Ephesians ; or the original of idolatry, together 
" with the politic institution of the Gentiles' sacrifices." The object was 
to prove, that most religions were the invention of the priests, or were 
tainted by their private interests, and that sacrifices in particular were 
introduced by the craft and covetousness of the sacerdotal orders. The 
reader is warned not to suppose that any other than heathen sacrifices are 
intended ; but this caution is a flimsy veil which can prevent no one from 
perceiving, that the strong language in which he condemns the very 
principle of all sacrifices, and what he styles the absurdity of slaying an 
innocent creature for the guilty, as an expiation for sin, must be directed 
against the Jewish and Christian dispensations: of which an atonement by 
sacrifices is one of the fundamental doctrines. 

Charles Blount, in the next year, 1680, published his largest work, the 
two first books of Philostratus concerning the life of Apollonius Tyaneus, 
translated from the Greek, with philological notes upon each chapter; 
which is a small folio very closely printed. 

Apollonius of Tyana was a Pythagorean philosopher, who lived in the 
first century, and whose character and pretended miracles were set in 
competition with those of Jesus Christ by some of the pagans. Hierocles 
wrote a book to that effect, which was answered by Eusebius, who proved 
Philostratus to be a vain and fabulous writer, and his account of Apollonius 
to be full of romantic stories, and ridiculous fables. It has justly been 

' Wood, Ath. Oxon. ii. col. 535. 


observed, that these supposed miracles could not be compared with those 
of our Saviour, either as to their evidence, or nature. Instead of being 
related by many eye-witnesses, soon after they were said to be performed, 
and in the same country ; by witnesses who pledged their lives to their 
truth ; there was only the single testimony of this writer, who lived at a 
great distance of time and place from their alledged performance. And 
instead of acts of benevolence, performed to establish certain important 
truths, they were trifling and childish tricks, and not calculated to answer any 
good end whatsoever 8 . But these arguments, however just, have no 
application to the present work. Blount published only the two first 
books of Philostratus, out of eight, and which do not contain any of 
Apollonius's miracles, and comprehend only a very harmless account of 
his birth and education, a little extraordinary indeed, and an amusing 
relation of his journey to the Indies. Neither is the exploded comparison 
of Hierocles revived, or defended. But the truth is, that the text of the 
original author serves merely to introduce the notes, which compose by far 
the largest part of the volume, and are historical, geographical, ethical, 
religious, and, in short, seem to have been the great common-place book 
for the learning and sentiments of the translator. In these illustrations he 
has attacked revealed religion, and the Scriptures, both the Old and New 
Testaments, in a strain of irony, and with a plausibility of manner and ar- 
gument extremely dangerous, and which rendered it a favourite work with 
the deists. It was very properly suppressed upon its first appearance, and 
few copies were circulated. 

In 1683 he published, but without acknowledging it, his Religio Laid, 
which is little more than a translation of Lord Herbert's treatise under the 
same name. 

In 1693, a collection of smaller pieces of the same tendency was 
published by Blount, and his friend Charles Gildon, under the title of 
The Oracles of Reason ; written chiefly by themselves. 

In this collection, Charles Blount was the author of the following 

A letter in vindication of a part of the celebrated Doctor Thomas 
Burnet's Archaiologice Philosophicce, in which he had treated the Mosaic 

' Paley's Evidences of Christianity. 


history of the creation, paradise, and the first state of mankind, as incre- 
dible, and to be resolved into a pious allegory. 

A Summary Account of the Deists' Religion, accompanied by a letter to 
Doctor Sydenham, dated in May, 1686, in which I fear we cannot consider 
as serious, the testimony which he bears to the superiority of the Christian 
religion, when he says, " Undoubtedly in our travels to the other world 
" the common road is the safest ; and tho' deism is a good manuring of a 
" man's conscience, yet certainly if sowed with Christianity it will produce 
; ' the most profitable crop'." 

A letter to Mr. Hobbes, dated in 1678, in which he approves highly of 
his treatise of heresy, his account of the Nicene Council, and his opinion 
respecting the Arian controversy. I have not seen a single sheet published 
by him in 1679, entitled, " Mr. Hobbes's last words, and dying legacy," 
which was extracted from the Leviathan, and was intended to weaken and 
expose his doctrine. But this I suppose must refer to his political, and 
not to his religious opinions, in which Blount appears to agree with 

Three letters to the Earl of Rochester, the first dated in 1678, giving " a 
■' political human account of the subversion of Judaism, the foundation of 
" Christianity, and the origination of the Millenaries." A second in 1679, 
inclosing Sir Henry Blount's discourse De Anima before mentioned. 
And a third in 1680, in which the Earl is called Strephon, concerning the 
immortality of the soul, occasioned by his Lordship's version of the chorus 
in Seneca, Post mortem nihil est, ipsaque mors nihil. 

A letter to Major A. concerning the original of the Jews, dated in 1692 ; 
another concerning Augury in the same year; and a translation of part of 
Ocellus Lucanus, upon the eternity of the universe. 

He was likewise the author of some letters under the name of Philander, 
in the Post Boy robbed of his Mail. He designed to have written the life 
of Mahomet. In the catalogue of Manuscripts written by Sir Matthew 
Hale are two articles, the one, De Anima to Mr. B. in folio ; the other, 
De Anima, transactions between Sir Matthew and Mr. B. folio". Whe- 
ther this was Mr. Blount, I know not. Sir Matthew died in 1676, the 
Anima Mundi was not published till 1679- 

' Oracles of Reason, page 87- " Life of Hale, by Burnet, page 114. 


Such were the unceasing exertions of this mistaken man, in prostituting 
his excellent talents for the propagation of mischievous errors. The 
opinions of Blount have been thoroughly examined, and completely con- 
futed, by many able and learned men". All the objections urged with so 
much plausibility and confidence against revealed religion, have been 
weighed in the balance of reason, and found wanting: and the discussions, 
occasioned by the writings of deists, and atheists, have ended in the final 
establishment of the truth of Christianity, upon arguments, and evidence, 
to which no man can refuse his assent, who is not eminently deficient in 
understanding, or corrupt in principle. 

Mr. Charles Gildon, the friend and admirer of Blount, was originally a 
papist, and was educated at Douay for orders, but he became a convert to 
deism, and renounced popery. Having spent his paternal property, and 
involved himself in difficulties by an imprudent marriage, he had recourse 
to the profession of an author for his subsistence. In this career, he sig- 
nalized himself as a critic, wrote some bad plays, abused Mr. Pope, and 
was immortalized by a place in the Dunciad. But however unsuccessful 
in the politer studies of literature, upon maturer consideration, he was 
convinced of his errors in religion, and published an useful book, in 170.5, 
entitled The Deist's Manual, in which he vindicated the existence and 
attributes of God, and his providence, and obviated some of the principal 
objections against the Christian religion y . 

v Bradley's Impartial View of the Truth of Christianity in 1699. Nichols's Conference 
with aTheist in 169(). Leland's View of the Deistical Writers. Leslie's Short Method, 
&c. &c. &c. 

y Dunciad, book i. line 296. 

He sleeps among the dull of ancient days; 
Safe where no critics dawn, no duns molest, 
Where wretched Withers, Ward, and Gildon rest. 
Book iii. line 173. 

Ah Dennis ! Gildon ah ! what ill-starred rage 
Divides a friendship long confirmed by age. 
Blockheads with reason wicked wits abhor, 
But fool with fool is barb'rous civil war. 
Embrace, embrace, my sons ! be foes no more, 
Nor glad vile poets with true critics gore. 


On the contrary, Charles Blount was only weak on the side of religion : 
on other subjects he shewed an excellent understanding, and a great extent 
of knowledge. Early in life he wrote a treatise in vindication of Mr. 
Dryden. In 16S4, he published " Janua Scientiarum, or a compendious 
" introduction to Geography, Chronology, Government, History, Philo- 
" sophy, and all gentile sorts of Literature." An useful book of education, 
and which shewed him to be master of the sciences which he professed to 
teach . 

In his politics he supported the Revolution, and proved himself upon 
all occasions a firm defender of the rational liberties of his country. 

In the reign of Charles the Second, he published a political piece, under 
the name of Junius Brutus, entitled, " An appeal from the country to the 
" city for the preservation of his Majesty's person, liberty, property, and 
" the Protestant religion." This was strongly written, and was a popular 
work upon the Popish Plot, and against the danger of a Popish successor. 
The warmth and plainness of this performance, in the state of parties, the 
known inclination of the court, and the power of the Duke of York, 
evinced that Charles Blount had an undaunted mind, which he was ever 
ready to exert in the cause of his country, and must have exposed him to 
considerable danger. 

In 1691 he wrote a letter to Sir William Leveson Gower, recommending 
to him to bring forward for punishment those who had been concerned in 
the unjustifiable regulations of corporations, and the surrender of their 
charters, in the two preceding reigns. 

But Charles Blount's masterpiece was a pamphlet, entitled, " A just 
" vindication of learning, and the liberty of the press," which was written 
when the Act of Parliament for subjecting all publications to the power 
of a licenser was near expiring, and was addressed to the two Houses of 
Parliament to persuade them not to renew it. This was probably written 
in the year 1692, when the statute of the first year of James the Second 
expired. It was a most able defence of the liberty of the press, and con- 
tains all the arguments which can be urged upon the subject, stated with 
great force and clearness. The Act was however continued for two years 
only, when it finally expired, and the freedom of the press was permanentlv 
established. In a postscript, he proposes, that in case some restriction 


should be thought necessary, instead of a previous licence, no book should 
be printed without the author's, or printer's name being registered. A 
plan which has lately been adopted. 

He wrote likewise " A Dialogue between King William and King 
" James, on the banks of the Boyne, the day before the battle." A short 
poem in which the principles of the Revolution, and the question between 
them, are discussed with brevity, in a manner not inferior to the political 
poems of Dryden. 

To heal the divisions which followed upon the Revolution, in 1693, he 
published a pamphlet, entitled, " King William and Queen Mary Con- 
" querors ; or a Discourse endeavouring to prove that their Majesties have 
" on their side, against the late King, the principal reasons that make con- 
" quest a good title. Shewing how this is consistent with that declaration 
" of Parliament, King James abdicated the government. Written with an 
" especial regard to such as have hitherto refused the oath, and yet incline 
" to allow of the title of Conquest, when consequent to a just war. 
" Licenced by Edmund Bohun." It was written with the best intentions, 
good sense, and the purest principles of patriotism, and the object intended 
was to unite all parties with the government, and to persuade the non-jurors 
to take the oaths, as they were ready to admit that conquest was a lawful 
title to the throne. But however well meant, it gave great offence, and 
particularly to the parliament, and occasioned great uneasiness to the 
author. A complaint was made to the House of Commons, and, after 
much debate, it was ordered to be burnt by the common hangman, January 
21, and the Lords came to the same resolution. It suffered in good 
company, for by the same orders, Bishop Burnet's Pastoral Letter, which 
asserted the same doctrine, was committed to the flames 2 . 

His lady died at Rolleston in Staffordshire, in February, 1689? and 
after her decease Mr. Blount conceived a violent passion for his wife's 
sister, Mrs. Hoby, then a rich widow ; a lady of great beauty and 
accomplishments, with wit, honour, virtue, good humour, and discretion a . 
She was not insensible to his attachment, but was scrupulous about the 
legality of marrying her sister's late husband. On his application to the 

1 Rennet's Complete History of England, vol. iii. page 657- J Gildon's account of 

the life of C. Blount, prefixed to his Miscellanies. 

2 U 


most learned civilians, and the Archbishop of Canterbury, he was informed 
that such a match was contrary to law. On this the lady positively re- 
fused her consent. In March, 1693, he published a letter to justify the 
marrying of two sisters, the one after the other, written with all the ardour 
and ingenuity of a man whose affections were so deeply interested in the 
question, and which contained every argument that learning or talents 
could supply. The Oracles of Reason, in which it appeared, seemed to 
have been published for the sake of introducing this tract, and there was 
a preface by Gildon, in which he supported his friend's reasoning. The 
lady was not to be persuaded to an illicit marriage, she again refused her 
consent, and Mr. Blount, in a fit of despair, shot himself through the head. 
The wound not immediately proving mortal, he lived five days ; during 
which time, he received no sustenance or medicines but from the hand of 
the lady, who attended him with the most sympathetic tenderness till his 
last moments b . This event took place in August, 1693, in Catherine 
Street in the Strand . 

At Shotover there are the pictures of Mrs. Blount and Mrs. Hoby, in 
one piece, by Housman. Mrs. Hoby is sitting down, and Mrs. Blount, 
a pretty, lively looking woman, is coming to her with a piece of music in 
her hand. 

After his death, Gildon published, in 169-5, " The Miscellaneous Works 
" of Charles Blount, Esquire," which was a republication of the Oracles 
of Reason, and most of his principal works, in two volumes in duodecimo. 
He prefixed the life of the author, and an account and vindication of his 
death. As a wild love was the cause of this dreadful event, in this life of 
Charles Blount much of the romantic is mixed up with philosophy. 
Gildon, under the name of Lindamour, writes metaphysics to the divine 
Hermione, the sovereign of his heart, to defend suicide, and to prove that 
a lover may be a philosopher. Blount is Philander, and the lady Astrea: 
and he concludes by deprecating the too rigorous severity of Hermione, 
lest the unhappy Lindamour should follow his friend's example, having 
less hopes, and as strong motives. 

Of Mr. Blount's death he gives the following relation. "You know, 

" T. Warton's Life of Sir T. Pope, | age 208. This account he received from Sir Harry 
Pope Blount, the last of the family. c Collins, vol. iii. part ii. page 670. 



Madam, with what calmness, with what resignation he died ; not the least 
pang of guilt, not the least apprehensive fear to bitter his departure. His 
frequent meditations upon God during his sickness, and the continued 
contemplation of him his whole life, had fixed so lovely an idea of God in 
his soul, that he had no terror to launch out into the ocean of eternity. 
He left life like a weather-beaten traveller a stormy voyage, and welcomed 
death, as the kind pilot, that would certainly conduct him to his wonted 
peace and quiet, to his eternal repose and tranquillity. He had the 
satisfaction to see her embalm him with her tears, who was debarred by 
unaccountable custom from making him happy." 

Though Mr. Blount's notions upon religion were incorrect, they were 
not taken up by chance, but were the result of much study, and reflection: 
and his death is a proof of his sincerity. His theories are indefensible, but 
his conduct through life was uniformly guided by conscientious principles 
of virtue and honour, and he little deserved the gross abuse which has been 
freely bestowed upon him by his uncharitable opponents. 

I proceed now with the descent of the family. Sir Henry Pope Blount, 
the traveller, left only three sons, and one daughter ; Sir Thomas Pope 
Blount, Charles Blount, Ulysses Blount, and Frances. 

Charles Blount, the author, by his wife Eleanor Tyrrell, had three sons 
and three daughters. These were, Henry Blount of Blounts-Hall, born 
in the Strand, in 1675, who was Lieutenant-Colonel in the Foot Guards, 
and was killed, at the head of the advanced guard, in the battle of Schel- 
lenburg in Germany, in 1704. Not having married, he was succeeded by 
his brother Charles Blount, the second son, who was born in 1681, and 
and died without issue in 1729, though he had a wife named Sarah. 
Thomas Pope Blount, the third son, born in 1683, was cast away at sea 
in 1702, being unmarried. Of the daughters, Hester, born in 1673, 
married her cousin german, Harry Tyrrell, Esquire, afterwards Sir Harry 
Tyrrell, Baronet, of Thornton, and inherited the estate at Blounts-Hall. 
Eleanor, the second daughter, died young. Charlotte, the youngest, was 
born in 1684, married a Mr. Smith, and died in 1707 d . 

Ulysses Blount was born in 1664, had lands in Hertfordshire, upon the 
death of his mother, and afterwards, upon the death of his father, an estate 

J Collins, vol. iii. part ii. page 671. 
9u 2 


in Surrey. He died in 1704, having had one son and two daughters, by 
his wife Hester, eldest daughter of Sir John Hewet, Baronet, of Waresley 
in Huntingdonshire. Their son Henry died in his first year. Hester, 
the eldest daughter, born in 1688, married Stephen Bateman; and Philippa, 
the youngest, was married to Sir Henry Bateman of London, Knight, 
eldest brother to Stephen e . 

Frances, who was born in 164S, married Thomas Tyrrell, Esquire, 
afterwards Sir Thomas Tyrrell, Baronet, of Thornton, father of the above- 
named Sir Harry Tyrrell. 

Sir Thomas Pope Blount, Baronet, the author, by his wife Jane, 
the only daughter of Sir Henry Caesar, otherwise Adelmare, Knight, of 
of Bennington Place in Hertfordshire', had five sons, and nine daughters. 
Sir Thomas Pope Blount, Baronet, the eldest, of whom hereafter; Henry, 
who died a child; Charles, born in 1683, was captain of a company of 
fusileers, and was killed in a sudden quarrel, at the King's Arms tavern 
in the Strand, in London, in 1714, unmarried ; Caesar, born in 1688, was 
a lieutenant in the sea service, and married Jane Hodges ; Robert, born in 
1689, was page of honour to Queen Anne, a lieutenant of the Scotch 
Regiment of Guards, and died unmarried in 1726. Of the nine daughters, 
Susanna, the fourth, married Michael Arnald, of Ampthill in Bedfordshire; 
Anne, the seventh, married the Reverend Mr. James Mashborne; and 
Christian, the ninth, married the Reverend Mr. Rowland Bowen. Hester, 
Elizabeth, Judith, Jane, Frances, and Mary, died young, or un- 

Sir Thomas Pope Blount, of Tittenhanger, the second Baronet of 
that name, and son to the author, was born in the Strand, the 19th of 
April, 1670, and resided, almost from the time of his father's death, at 
Twickenham in Middlesex, where he died on the 17th of October, 1731, 
and was buried at Ridge. His wife, to whom he was married on the Sth 
of November, 169.5, was Catherine, eldest of the three daughters of James 
Butler, Esquire, of Amberley Castle in Sussex, sister to James Butler, 

e Collins, ibid. 

' He was descended from Sir Julius Adelmar Caesar, the Judge of the Admiralty in the 
reign of Queen Elizabeth, who was descended from Adelmar, Count of Genoa in 706'. 
The Duke de Cesarini was his maternal grandfather, and Queen Mary granted him a 
licence to adopt the name of Caesar. Hence this unusual name. 


Esquire, of Warminghurst Park, in the same county, whose two great 
grand-daughters, by marrying the two sons of Hugh Clough, Esquire, of 
Glanywem in Denbighshire, transferred Warmenhurst Park to the Clough 
family*-'. Bv this lady he had four sons, and two daughters; Thomas 
Pope Blount, who died an infant; Harry Pope Blount; James Pope 
Blount; and John Pope Blount, born in 1707, who took orders, was a 
Master of Arts of Clare Hall in Cambridge, and died unmarried in 1734. 
The daughters were, Grace Blount, who died in her first year, and 

Sir Harry Pope Blount, of Tittenhanger, Baronet, the eldest sur- 
viving son, was born in the Terras, in Saint James's Street, on the 13th 
of September, 1702, and married in the church of Saint Peter's Cornhill, 
on the 19th of September, 172S, Anne, the youngest of the two daughters 
and coheirs of Charles Cornwallis, Esquire, of Medlow in Huntingdon- 
shire, with whom he had a fortune of ten thousand pounds. He died 
October the 12th, 1757, without issue 1 . Warton gives him the character 
of having been a diligent and faithful antiquary k . 

After the death of Sir Harry Pope Blount, his sister Catherine was the 
next heir, as being the only surviving issue of the body of Sir Thomas 
Pope Blount. She was born on the 9th of April, 1704, and on the 21st 
of February, 1731, married the Reverend William Freeman, of Aspedon 
Hall in Hertfordshire, Doctor in Divinity. They had an only daughter, 
named likewise Catherine, who on the 19th of May, 17o3, was married to 
the celebrated Charles Yorke, second son of the Earl of Hardwick. She 
died the 10th of July, 17-59, and left an only son, Philip Yorke, who was 
born the 31st of May the same year, and succeeded his uncle as Earl of 
Hardwick. Her husband, in 1762, married a second wife, Agnetta, 
daughter of Henry Johnson, Esquire, by whom he had Charles Philip 
Yorke, Vice-Admiral Sir Joseph Sidney Yorke, and Caroline, Countess 
of St. Germains. The elegant talents of Charles Yorke, his rise in his 
profession, his appointment to the office of Lord Chancellor with the title 
of Baron Morden, and his tragical end, in 1770, are unnecessary to be 

e From the information of the Rev. R. Clough, of Jesus College. 

» Collins. ' Ibid. k Life of Sir T. Pope, page 909. 


related 1 . The estate at Tittenhanger now belongs to the Hard wick 
family 11 '. 

The coat of arms of this branch was, quarterly: the first and fourth, 
Blount nebuly, within a bordure compony, or, and azure. Secondly, 
sable, a lion rampant with two tails, vert, with a mullet. For Dudley or 
Sutton. Thirdly, azure, a chevron argent, between three martlets, or. 
For Wichard". 

Pope bore, party per pale, or and azure. Upon a chevron, four fleurs- 
de-lis, between three gryphons' heads erased, all counterchanged . 

Beresford, argent, a bear sejant, azure, muzzled and chained, or?. 

In the church of Burton-upon-Trent, in a window, were the arms of 
John Blount, and Susanna Draycot, with Blount impaling Draycot, gules, 
a chevron vairy, argent and sable. Blount impaling Aston, argent, a fesse 
sable, three lozenges in chief. Blount impaling, gules, fretty of eight 
pieces ; on a canton azure, a cross moline, argent : and those of John 
Blount and Ellen Hall, nebuly, or and sable. On a fesse gules, three 
martlets, argent, for Blount, impaling Hall, or, a saltier ingrailed, vert'. 

The crest was, a wolf passant, sable, between two cornuts, out of a 
ducal coronet, proper. Motto, KAAA, things honourable 7 . 

1 Peerage. 

m Though many of this family were buried at Ridge, there are only two monuments; 
one for William Blount, Esquire, his son Sir Thomas Pope Blount, and Lady Frances his 
wife. The other is for Lady Busby. On the north side is a projecting building, without 
window or entrance: on repairing the roof two coffins were found, Lady Blount, with her 
daughter, and another. 

" Vincent's Salop, in Col. Arm. Elizabeth Blount's monument in Trinity College Chapel. 

Monument, &c. p Ibid. i Shaw's Staffordshire, vol. i. p. 9. 

' Collins, vol. iii. 367. Bigland is of opinion, that this branch was not entitled to this 
crest, which was borne by the Mountjoy branch. MSS. Letter to Joseph Blount, Esquire. 
See the Genealogy of Blount of Burton-upon-Trent, Tittenhanger, &c. No. 17- 


related 1 . The estate at Tittenhanger now belongs to the Hard wick 
family 11 '. 

The coat of arms of this branch was, quarterly: the first and fourth, 
Blount nebuly, within a bordure compony, or, and azure. Secondly, 
sable, a lion rampant with two tails, vert, with a mullet. For Dudley or 
Sutton. Thirdly, azure, a chevron argent, between three martlets, or. 
For Wichard". 

Pope bore, party per pale, or and azure. Upon a chevron, four fleurs- 
de-lis, between three gryphons' heads erased, all counterchanged . 

Beresford, argent, a bear sejant, azure, muzzled and chained, or''. 

In the church of Burton-upon-Trent, in a window, were the arms of 
John Blount, and Susanna Draycot, with Blount impaling Draycot, gules, 
a chevron vairy, argent and sable. Blount impaling Aston, argent, a fesse 
sable, three lozenges in chief. Blount impaling, gules, fretty of eight 
pieces ; on a canton azure, a cross moline, argent : and those of John 
Blount and Ellen Hall, nebuly, or and sable. On a fesse gules, three 
martlets, argent, for Blount, impaling Hall, or, a saltier ingrailed, vert q . 

The crest was, a wolf passant, sable, between two cornuts, out of a 
ducal coronet, proper. Motto, KAAA, things honourable'. 

1 Peerage. 

m Though many of this family were buried at Ridge, there are only two monuments; 
one for William Blount, Esquire, his son Sir Thomas Pope Blount, and Lady Frances his 
wife. The other is for Lady Busby. On the north side is a projecting building, without 
window or entrance: on repairing the roof two coffins were found, Lady Blount, with her 
daughter, and another. 

" Vincent's Salop, in Col. Arm. Elizabeth Blount's monument in Trinity College Chapel. 

Monument, &c. p Ibid. 1 Shaw's Staffordshire, vol. i. p. 9. 

' Collins, vol. iii. 367- Bigland is of opinion, that this branch was not entitled to this 
crest, which was borne by the Mountjoy branch. MSS. Letter to Joseph Blount, Esquire. 
See the Genealogy of Blount of Burton-upon-Trent, Tittenhanger, &c. No. 17- 

No. 17- 



of John Blount of 
Kinlet, anil Alicia 
de la Bere. Geneal. 
No. 9. 

William Pope, 

of Dedington, died 152:; 

Sir Thomas Pope, 

Founder of Trinity ( 

died 29 Jan. 155! 

.lohn Pope. 

nl Hi-oxton, 

Three daughters 
Alice married 
Edward Love. 

.lohn Blount, r: Ellen, d.-mohtei- 

ofBurton-upon-Trent, I John Hall, of Do 
and Blunt s Hall, Slaf- bridge, Derbyshir 

Walter Blount, r=r" - Maruaret. dauerh. of 
'id son, of Blount's I John Suttoo, of Dud- 
Hal], and. by mar- ley Sutton, and Os- 
riage, of Osbai 

baston, Leicestersh. 

z Susan, daugh. of 
Sir Phil. Draycot, 
of Painsley, Staf- 

= Frances, daugh. of 
Edward Love, of 
Aynhoe, and Alice, 

Thomas Pope, 
third Earl of Downe, 
born 1598, died 1668. 

born KilO, died lfiCS. His 
sister-ami coheiress, Frances. 
mar J . Francis North. Lord 
Guildford. Wartim. Apr.. 

Sir Thomas Pope, = Sir Hugh 1 
of Tittcnlianger. 3d hustn 

Founder of Trin. m 155 

Coll. Oxon." 

lolwanl Ukmlit ( .iliiei in, . ,1;|. 

nt Arloton, Der- of Henry Lord 

hvshirc.lirst sun Audlev. F.arl of 

Km. of Odi.iMon ind 
T'Ueiih.ineei-,,i, sinned 
the name of Pope- 

Bloinit about 1.V.I3, <l 

: Frances, daugh. of 
Sir Thomas Pigot, 

of Doddershall, 
widow of Sir Thos. 
Nevill, died 1619. 

Richard Blount. 
Provincial of the 
English Jesuits, 

: Martha, daugh. of 
Richard Turville, 
of Thurleston. 

not lcr Charles, 
born 1604, 
died 160S. 

> i Henry Pope Blount. 
of Blount's Hall, and Til 
Im'v'li-. born Dec. 15, 1 

of Lou- 

2. Henry. 

5. Christopher. 

6. Henry. 

Ail died infants 

: Hester, eldest 
daugh. of Sir 
John Hewett. 

born lli.-.l, 
died Hill". 
The Author 

Sir Thomas Pope Blount, 
of Tittenhanger, ami Os- 
baston, b. Sep. 12, I649. 
In 1679, 3 Car. II. a 
Baronet. Died njfi:. 
The Author. 

- Jane, only daugh. c 

Sir Henry Caesar, 

aj. Adelmare, Knt. c 

Bennington Place, 







1 11 


mas Pope Blount, - — 

— Catherine, 

II 1 


born lb'75. 

born 1681, 

Pope Blount, 


of Tittenhanger, 

eldest da. of 

3. Charles, killed 


Sir Henry 

Lieut. Col. 

died 1729, 

born 1685, 

S.r Harry Tyrrel, 


:670, died 1731. 

Jas. Butler, 

at a Tavern, Q 

killed 171)4, 


of Thornton, in- 

of Amberley 


b. 1688. 

of Blount's 
Hall. S. P. 

S. P. 

1702. S. P. 

herited Blount's 
2. Eleanor. 

— Smith, d.1707. 


Sussex, died 


4. Ca-sar, mar a . 

Jane Hodges. C 



1 * 


1' ) 


Sir Thomas Tyrr 

of Thornton, 


. Robert 
Page to 



Sir Harry Pope Blount, Anne, youngest da, 

bornlTO-j mar'.o-ep. I'.i, and coh. ot (.harks 

1 ;-.' V died at Waltham- Cornwall!-, of Mod- 

stow, Oct. 12, 1757. S.P. low, Hunts, d. 17til. 

born Apr. !i, 

eolieirofllenri J„Iii„„ii, 
married lie... oil, i;i;o „f 
Creat llcrkluimstcad, d. 
at Bath, Dee 31, 1820, 

. Chart 

: Charles Yorke, = 
2d son of the Earl 
30th Dec. 1722, 
Lord Chancellor, 
and Baron Mor- 
den, died in 1770. 

: Catherine, only child, 
mar J . 19 May, 1755, 
died July 10, 1759. 

Admiral Sir Joseph Sidney Yorke, K. C. ! 

Philip Yorke, r= 
born May 31, 1757, 

Lady Lh/. ihelli,d-ev. 

dau. of James Lindsey, 

Earl of Balcarras. 

died infants. 


In the account of Edward Blount, Esquire, of Blagdon 9 , it was mentioned, 
that his widow retired to Antwerp, and that the Countess of Pomfret saw 
her there, and described an interview which she had with her. Though 
rather out of place, I shall now introduce the following 

Extract from a Letter from the Countess of Pomfret to the Countess 
of Hartford, dated Brussels, August 5, 1741. 

Whilst I remained at Antwerp, besides seeing a fine town, and some 
good pictures, I met with a very extraordinary character in the person of 
Lady Clifford's mother, Mrs. Blount, who lives a little out of the city, in 
a small but convenient house, moated round. To this she has a draw- 
bridge that pulls up every night. 

This lady was the daughter of Sir John Guise, and was endowed with a 
most surprising genius, which he took care to improve, by having her 
taught the Latin, Spanish, Italian, and French languages, all of which she 
is perfect mistress of, as well as all the best books in them. Music and 
poetry assisted in the completing of her mind ; and love led her choice to 
a younger brother of Sir Walter Blount, whom you may remember as often 
mentioned in Mr. Pope's letters. Since the death of this gentleman, and 
the disposal of her daughters, she is retired (with three or four servants) to 
prepare for the next world, and she calls herself the Solitaire. Her dress 
is plain, and she never goes into company ; but if any persons come to her, 
she receives them with the greatest apparent pleasure, and talks with such vi- 
vacity and variety of wit, that you would imagine she was still in the midst 
of the beau monde. Nobody can say or imagine that she repents of a retire- 
ment, which her children and friends every day solicit her to leave, and which 
she has no sort of obligation, but what arises from choice, to stay in. Nobody 
that visits her finds, by her reception of them, that her own thoughts are in- 
supportable to her; but she rather seems to have been storing up entertain- 
ment for her guests, which she presents with as much readiness, and in as 
great plenty, as if she expected to receive cent, per cent, for it, whereas 
few are able to return her half the real value. Upon her repeating a 
passage in Horace that she had translated, I intreated a copy of it; but 
she told me she had burnt it, with many more such follies of her youth : 

b Book III chap. i. page 151. 


she added, " Since you will have something of mine, I'll shew how 1 was 
" cured of poetry;" and then gave me a paper, that I found at my return 
home contained these lines : 

I sought instruction from my dawning years ; 
My father to my play-fellows preferr'd; 
Whate'er he spoke, with deep attention heard : 
He laid those grounds that nothing can remove, 
Careof my honour, and my country's love. 
Whate'er he taught, I eagerly would learn ; 
And, while to please him was my whole concern, 
His chase I follow'd o'er his spacious down, 
Joy'd with his grace, and trembled at his frown. 

Early I tasted the Castalian spring; 
My almost infant muse had tried her wing : 
A father fondly looked on all I writ; 
Winkle himself had voted me a wit. 
Old Guinet, charmed with all that I had done, 
Declar'd my verses tasted of the sun. 
Already fir'd with sacred love of praise, 
I long'd for fame, and hunger'd after bays. 
Cypress I scorn 'd ; the Muses were my care; 
And Phoebus heard my late and early pray'r : 
He heard, indeed, and, standing by my bed, 
Assum'd my brother's friendly form, and said; 
" Why wilt thou, Nan, so ill employ thy wit, 
In manly works, for ladies' hands unfit ; 
Of all thy sex that sought the poet's fame, 
Is there one character thou dost not blame; 
And wilt thou vainly misemploy thy days 
In what ne'er was the virtuous woman's praise ? 
Turn then thy sense to housewife's wiser cares, 
Mind well thy needlework, and say thy pray'rs : 
Secure in this advice that I have given, 
Of peace on earth, and endless peace in heav'n." 

He said, and vanished in a flash of light ; 
My open'd mind began to judge aright ; 
Muse, rhymes, and verse, in mixed confusion fled, 
I burnt the trifling products of my head. 


Where poets stood before, receipt books stand, ~j 

Silk, thread, and worstead, are my next demand, > 

And chairs and stools increase beneath my lab'ring hand. J 
Yet would I learn what ancient bards have taught, 
But wisdom now, not wit, in Horace sought. 

Apollo pleas'd, I thus obey'd his voice, 
(Himself my Cupid,) made my marriage choice. 
No vulgar genius did his care commend, 
He gave me Blount, his favourite and his friend ; 
To draw whose character exceeds my art, 
I bear it deep engraven in my heart ; 
Yet this one point drawn out, I'll dare to say, 
Phoebus himself can scarce the whole display. 

Tho' the least blot his piercing wit could know, 
He would not sharply censure e'en his foe. 
Yet what was bad he never would commend, 
But silent hide the errors of his friend. 

His fair example, and endearing art, 
Improved my judgment, and reformed my heart'. 

r Correspondence between Frances, Countess of Hartford, afterwards Duchess of 
Somerset, and Henrietta Louisa, Countess of Pomfret, between the years 1738 and 1741, 
3 vols, second edit. 1806. Vol. iii. page 259. 



Other B founts. 

OF a family so ancient, and so widely extended, it is impossible to trace 
every branch, through its minutest ramifications. The descendants of 
many persons mentioned in this history are to be found in the College of 
Arms, or the private accounts and traditions of their families. In a course 
of years others must have become decayed, and been forgotten. 

In the public records, and other memorials, a great number of persons 
appear of the name of Blount, possessing property in various parts of the 
kingdom, of whom many were most probably of this family, but whose 
particular connexion with it cannot be discovered. I shall proceed there- 
fore to state such accounts, as I have been able to collect, of persons of 
the name of Blount, who cannot be reduced to any of the preceding gene- 
alogies. They may be divided into eight classes. 1. Jews of that name. 
2. Blounts in Kent. 3. In Gloucestershire. +. In Essex, Staffordshire, 
Hertfordshire, Oxfordshire, and Berkshire. 5. In Bedfordshire. 6. In 
London. 7. At Croydon. 8. Others, of uncertain places, or periods. 

First. The affinity of a swarthy Israelite with the epithet of Le 
Blond, does not seem very natural, yet there appears to have been A 
Family of Jews so called. In the Pipe Roll, Peter Blund the Jew, of 
London, stands as debtor to the king, in the ninth year of Richard the 
First, for forty shillings, for a writ of right against Ralph, the son of Wilt 1 . 
In the fifty-fifth year of Henry the Third, a house, and a piece of 
ground in Milk Street, in London, were the property of Leo le Blunt, and 
Genta his wife. His son was named Aaron ; he had two grand-daughters, 
Flavia, and Flora ; and the estate was transferred by two deeds of that 
date, to Aaron, the son of Vynes 2 . Elias de Blund had a tenement in the 

1 R. Dods. MSS. Rot. Pip. vol. 13. folio 14. pro habendo recto. * Nichols, Leices- 

tershire, vol. i. p. 7. note. 




parish of St. Olave in London, in the same reign 3 . Upon the perse- 
cution and banishment of the Jews, in the reign of Edward the First, 
in his nineteenth year, there were granted to William de Pedwardyn, a 
house in Hereford which had belonged t® Aaron le Blund, another house 
which had been a Jews' school, and the shop of Elkin, the son of Aaron 
le Blund 4 . 

Secondly. A Family settled in Kent, of which the following 
is an imperfect pedigree, from the Visitation of Kent by the Heralds, in 
1619 1 . 

William Blount of = Joane, daughter of 
Wadesley Close, I John Packington 
Salop. of Salop. 

S. P. 

Thomas Blount, 
Collector of the 
Customs in the 
port of London. 

Elizabeth, afterwards 
married to Dr. Alex. 
Nowell, Dean of St. 

John Blount 
of Woolwich. 
S. P. 

Sophina, daugh. of 
William Dormar,of 
London. 1st wife. 

2 Rachael. S. P. 

3 Susan. S. P. 

Elizabeth, = Henrj 

eldest da. ofElth 

afterwards of 

ry Jenny, 
tham, and 

Edward Blount, 
of the Middle 
Temple, and of 
Wrickles Marsh 
in Kent, about 


1 1 

married Rich. 
Jenks, Salop. 

Fortune, daugh. of 
Sir Wm. Gar way 
of London. 2d wife. 

I. I I 

6 sons, and 2 daughters; 
of whom Thomas, Wil- 
liam, Edward, and John, 
survived their father. 

John le Blund, of Sundridge Place in Bromley, was Sheriff of Kent 
during the second, third, and fourth years of Edward the Second, and 
dying in the fifth year, Edward his son served the rest of that year, and 
continued in office part of the year following 2 . In the fifth year, John le 
Blount had a commission for the custody of the castle of Canterbury, and 
the care of the county of Kent 3 . Edward succeeded him in all these 

3 Escaeta, sive Inquisitiones Post Mortem. Anno 52 Hen. III. ' Rotuloium Ori 

ginalium in Curia Scaccarii abbreviatio, vol. i. p. 173 

1 Hasted's History of Kent, vol. i. p. 56. 2 Ibid. General History, p. 83. 3 Rot 

Orig. Scacc. and Anecd. Coll. Arm. 



appointments 4 . In the 20th of Edward the Third, Edward le Blund was 
possessed of Sandridge in Bromley in Kent, and was assessed for one 
quarter of a Knight's fee, for making the Black Prince a Knight. Soon 
after the family ended in a female, who carried the estates to the family of 
V^illoughby 5 . 

Thirdly. A Gloucestershire Family was seated at Bitton 
or Button, in that county, about six miles east from Bristol, and possessed 
likewise one manor at Mangotesfield or Maugrefield, about four miles from 
that city 1 . 

Their coat of arms was, argent, two bars, azure, over all, an escarbuncle 
of eight rays, or, promette and florette, gules. This appears cut in stone 
on the church at Mangotesfield. The difference in their arms from the 
other Blounts affords no conclusion that they were not of the same family, 
as different branches of the same family frequently bore different arms 2 . 
Their crest was, a sea lion, ermine, ducally crowned, or, according to 

King's Reign. Year. 

John — Henry, the son of Andrew Blount, presented to the 

church of Sistan, in Gloucestershire 3 . 
Theobard Blund held ten librates of land in Chilton in 

Gloucestershire, of the gift of King John 4 . 
Henry III. 6 David le Blont, of Bristol, and Petronilla his wife, (or 

Amabel) claimed the custody of the manor of Avun, 

Gloucestershire 5 . 
In the fees in the Testa de Nevil of the reigns of Henry 

the Third, and Edward the First, the following appear. 
Theobald Blund held lands in Chilt, in Gloucestershire, 

Walter Blund de Aur' held twenty sols of land by 

searjeanty, in Rucillar, Gloucestershire. 

4 Rot. Orig Scacc. and Anecd. Coll. Arm. 5 Hasted, vol. i. p. 91. 

1 Rudder's Hist, of Gloucestershire, in locis. 2 Ashmole's MSS. No. 825, part 4. in 

fine. 3 Placita in domo Capit. Westmon. ' Ashmole's MSS. 825, part 4. 
5 Placit. Capit West. 


John Bluncl held lands by serjeanty in Gloucestershire 6 . 
About this time, David le Blount acquired half the 
manor of Bitton, and the property at Mangotesfield, by 
his marriage with Amabilla d'Amaville. Her sister 
and coheiress, who married Richard de la Moor, suc- 
ceeded to the other half. 
Edward I. 21 & 32 David le Blound, and Amabilla his wife held the 
manor of Button, and a tenement at Mangotesfield in 
Gloucestershire 7 . 
Edw. II. 17 David le Blound died seized of half the manor of Button, 
and of Mangotesfield, which is situated below the 
grange of the castle of Bristol ; consisting of a mes- 
suage, thirty acres of arable land, six of meadow, and 
thirty shillings of rent, held of the honor of Gloucester. 
And of lands beyond the Trent. 

IS Richard le Blunt, son and heir of David, paid a fine of 
fifty shillings to the King for half the manor of 
Button 8 . 

20 Richard le Blount died seized of half the manor of 
Button, a messuage, a garden, forty acres of arable 
land, five acres of meadow, &c. at Mangotesfield, and 
the manor of Thornbury, all in Gloucestershire 9 . 
Edw. III. 1 Edmund le Blont, brother and heir of Richard le Blount, 
did homage to the King for his lands in Gloucester- 
shire 10 . 

32 John de Blount died seized of the manors of Rodeley and 
Tyberton, in Gloucestershire 11 . 

36 Edmund Blount died seized of the manors of Button, 
and Mangotesfield 12 . 

— The custody of the manors of Button, and Mangotesfield, 

6 Testa de Nevil, p. 77, 78. ' Escaet. in annis. s Escaet. and Rot. Orig. Scacc. 

Infra bertonam castri Bristol. Bertona, villa frumentaria, a farm, or grange, or granary. 
From Bepe, barley. Du Cange. 9 Escaet. About 1478 we find Humphrey Blount, a 

younger son of John Blount, Esquire, of Sodington, and Catherine Corbet, described as of 
Thornbury. ,0 Rot. Orig. in Cur. Scacc. R. Dods. vol. 83. f. 10. and Anecd. Coll. 

Arm. " Ashm. MSS. vol. 8^. Xo. 4. from Glover. '- Escaet. 


which had belonged to Edmund le Blount, was com- 
mitted to Thomas Moigne, during the minority of the 
heir 13 . 

Richard II. 4 Edmund Blount, eldest son of Edmund, and Margaret, 
his wife, held half the manor of Button, and one mes- 
suage, and one yard and a half of land, and of the 
manor of Filton. William his son and heir being 
seven years old 14 . 
22 William Blount seized of Button 15 . 
— John Blount, son and heir of William Blount, did 
homage for his lands in Gloucestershire 16 . 

Henry IV. 1 The King received the homage of John Blount, son 
(brother) of William Blount, father of Isabella Blount, 
cousin (uncle) and heir of Isabella 17 . 
4 Two parts of half the manor of Button, by the death of 
William Blount, and the minority of Isabella, his 
daughter and heir, came into the King's hands, and 
John Blount, the brother of William, and the uncle of 
Isabella, was her heir, and of twenty-six years of age 18 . 
9 Isabel Blount, daughter and heir of William, held Button, 
and, dying unmarried, it came to Robert Blont, her 
kinsman, who was seized thereof 19 . 
18 John Blount, brother of William, who was father of 
Isabella, heir to Isabella, held two parts of half the 
manor of Button 50 . 

Hen. VI. 22 John Blount died, seized of half Bitton, Woodmancot, 
and Calmsden in North Cerney, and Aylminton 21 . 
Edmund his son and heir sixteen years of age. 
26 John Blont, son of Robert, married Willona, or Wil- 
lelma, and died seized of Button, Oldland, West 
Hanham, Swinford, and Beach 2 *, which are all hamlets 
in Button parish. He had also the manors of Wood- 

13 Originalia. " Sir Robert Atkyns, Gloucestershire, p. 281. Ashmole, vol. 825 

No. 4. I5 Ibid. 18 R. Dods. vol. 52. f 75. 17 Ibid. f. 85. 18 Ashmole MSS. vol. 8-25. 
No 4. " Atkyns. m Anecd. Coll. Arm. 21 Atkyns, p. 324. Ashmole, 825. No. 4. 
" Atkyns. 





Richard II. 


Henry IV. 1 

Hen. VI. 22 


which had belonged to Edmund le Blount, was com- 
mitted to Thomas Moigne, during the minority of the 
heir 13 . 

Edmund Blount, eldest son of Edmund, and Margaret, 
his wife, held half the manor of Button, and one mes- 
suage, and one yard and a half of land, and of the 
manor of Filton. William his son and heir being 
seven years old 14 . 

William Blount seized of Button 15 . 

John Blount, son and heir of William Blount, did 
homage for his lands in Gloucestershire 16 . 

The King received the homage of John Blount, son 
(brother) of William Blount, father of Isabella Blount, 
cousin (uncle) and heir of Isabella 17 . 

Two parts of half the manor of Button, by the death of 
William Blount, and the minority of Isabella, his 
daughter and heir, came into the King's hands, and 
John Blount, the brother of William, and the uncle of 
Isabella, was her heir, and of twenty-six years of age 18 . 

Isabel Blount, daughter and heir of William, held Button, 
and, dying unmarried, it came to Robert Blont, her 
kinsman, who was seized thereof 19 . 

John Blount, brother of William, who was father of 
Isabella, heir to Isabella, held two parts of half the 
manor of Button 20 . 

John Blount died, seized of half Bitton, Woodmancot, 
and Calmsden in North Cerney, and Aylminton 81 . 
Edmund his son and heir sixteen years of age. 

John Blont, son of Robert, married Willona, or Wil- 
lelma, and died seized of Button, Oldland, West 
Hanham, Swinford,and Beach 2 *, which are all hamlets 
in Button parish. He had also the manors of Wood- 

13 Originalia. " Sir Robert Atkyns, Gloucestershire, p. 281 Ashmole, vol. 825 

No. 4. 15 Ibid. ,8 R. Dods. vol. 52. f 75. " Ibid. f. 85. 18 Ashmole MSS. vol. 825. 
No 4. " Atkyns. M Anecd. Coll. Arm. 21 Atkyns, p. 324. Ashmole, 825. No. 4. 
" Atkyns. 


-i-izf.l .,1 the manor of Bit 
by grant of Henry II. 

Robert d'Ani.ivilk*, 
11 Hen. III. 

: Petronilla de Vinon, = Richard de la Moor, 
wlinj,;, Iiusl.:inil .lyiiitr, 2d husband. 

sh" was seized of Bit- 

tun, 15 Hen. III. and 

sun. mliTL-il it to David 
and Amahilla. 

David le Blount, 
. 17 Edward I. seized of half the 
lors of Bitton and Mitn^iMesrieli! 


Richard Blount, 

died -o Edw. II. seized of 

half Bitton, Mangute.-hVld. 
and Thornbury. S. P. 

Edmund le Blont, 

held Bitton, died 

4 Rich. II. 

Edmund Blount, =z= Margaret. 

his heir, 
Edw. Ill 


rd, 1 

Isabel, in Bitton i 

26 lien. VI. seized of 
half Button Old-land, 
West Hamam, Swin- 
ford, and Bead). 

Wnifluu, ur Willon.i, 
daiiiilittr and heir of 
Thorns Abarle, died 

Sir John Seymour. 

Simon Blount, 
lied 16 Edw.' IV 

John Barr. Joan, 

the daugh. of 

Sir J. Hungerford, 
of Downe Amney. 

his only daughter, 
Sir Thomas Newt/ 
. Sir John Hussey. 

i\nnP. daugh. of 

Anthony Bloun 

. Susanna, iLui^Ii 

Clerk of the 

1 Thomas Latter, 

Thomas Cutler. 

ob. 1617. 


Eh/ ibftli 




3. John. 

l/lv/.rd I 

Willi. on HI 1. 

chap. vii. BLOUNTS OF ESSEX, &c. 34,3 

mancot, and Calmsden in North Cerney, Gloucester- 
shire, and the manors of Filton and Aylminton. 

32 Wentlyn, (Wellona) his widow, endowed with Button, 
Woodmancot, Calmsden in North Cerney, Filton and 
Aylminton, and died seized of them : the reversion 
being in Edward Blount, son of John her husband 23 . 
Edw. IV. 8 Edmund Blont, son of John, who married Margaret, 
died seized of half the manor of Bitton. Simon, his 
son and heir, aged 16 2 \ 

16 Simon Blont, son of Edmund, died seized of Button, 
and of Aylminton 25 . 

22 Simon Blont left Margaret, his only daughter and heir, 
who married Sir John Bar, who was seized. Joan, his 
only daughter, married Sir Thomas Newton 26 . Mar- 
garet afterwards married John Hussey, and died the 
twenty-third of Henry the Eighth 27 . 

Thus ended the eldest branch of the Gloucestershire 
family. The Margotesfield estate seems to have con- 
tinued in the descendants of Maurice, the second son 
of Edmund Blount, till his two great grand-daughters 
carried it to Sir Thomas Smith, and Mr. John Gre- 

Fouethly. A Family of Blounts which had property 
at Kelington, Gingelaundry, Gingejoybert, and Bromley, 
in Essex ; Pencriz, in Staffordshire; Pentherigg, in Hert- 

in Berkshire. 

Gingelaundry, and Gingejoybert, sometimes called the Manor of 
Blounts, were in the parish of Butsbury, and were held of the De Ferrars 

23 Atkyns. Ashmoie. -24 Ashmoie MSS. vol. 825. No 4. 25 Atkyns. 26 Ibid. 

11 Ashm. vol. 825. Orig. M See Genealogy of Blount of Bitton, &c No. IS. from 

Hearne's Diary, vol. 90, 1720, page 100. Sir Robt. Atkins's State of Gloucestershire. 
Rudder's Hist, of Gloucestershire. Information from William Blount, Esq. The whole 
corrected by the Records. 

344 BLOUNTS OF ESSEX, &c. book hi. 

family. These strange names were derived perhaps from De, a Saxon 
expletory particle, and Inj. a meadow. Laundry and Joybert, were the 
names of two families who possessed them 1 . There was the manor of 
Blounts-Hall in the parish of Great Oakley, in Essex, which took its 
name from Sir Andrew Blount 2 . 

Sir Hugh le Blount, of Essex, in the time of Edward the First, bore 
for his arms ; quarterly, argent and gules, on a bend sable, three 
eagles displayed, or. Which was borne by the other Blounts of 
Essex 3 . 

John 7, 8 William Blunt had lands at Kelington in Essex 4 . 

13 Berkshire. Robert Blundus, and Agnes, his wife, 

Cecilia and Orengia, his sisters, daughters of Roger 
Blund, owed the King one mark, for a writ of right for 
nine and a half hides of land, in Eston, of which the 
service was <£S 5 . 

14 Essex. Andrew Blount of London demands against 

William Britton, that he should demise to him the 
manor of Chigewell, as by agreement between them 6 . 
Hen. III. 9 Stephen, son of Andrew Blount, gave eighteen marks for 
having seizin of lands at Chiggewell in Essex 7 . 
19 Robert Blund, founder of the Priory of Bikenacre, in 
Essex, in the time of Henry the Second. His eldest 
son, John, died without issue, and James, his brother, 
was under age at his death. James's son and heir, 
named John, lived in the nineteenth of Henry the 
Third. John Blund de Elbegato 8 . 
23 Richardus Blundus, and Robert his son, occur in Berk- 
shire 9 . 
27, 28 Andrew le Blount had a grant of a market at Pencriz, 
in Staffordshire 10 . 

1 Movant's Essex, vol. ii. page 48. 2 Ibid. vol. i. p. 489. 3 Ashmole MSS. vol. 

S25. part 4. in fine. R. Dods. vol. 143. fol. 69. Harl. 1068. f. 71- and Rove Mores. 
4 Placit. Capit. West. 5 R. Dods. Rot. Pip. vol. 14. f. 204. 6 Placit. Capit. West. 

' R. Dods. MSS. vol. 29. f. 13. 8 Ibid. vol. 42. f. 68. 9 Ibid. vol. 15. f. 162. ,0 Rot. 

hap. vii. BLOUNTS OF ESSEX, &c. 345 

32 Complaint of Geffrey Butoynte that Andrew le Blount 

had disseized him of his free tenement in Gingelaun- 
dry 11 . 

33 Andrew le Blount appointed as his attorney William de 

la Grene, in an imparlance, in a suit of quare impedit 
in the King's Bench, between him and William de 
Blund, and Juliana his wife, respecting the church of 
Gy nge-Geoberd 12 . 
3S Andrew Blount held twenty librates of land in Stafford- 
shire 15 . 
43 Andrew le Blunt died seized of a rent of 32.?. 2d. two 
capons, and two hens ; 140 acres of arable land, two of 
meadow, ten of wood, at Ginge Landry. Of 160 
acres of arable, three of meadow, ten of wood, thirty 
of outland wood, (forinseci bosci) and the moiety of 
the advowson of the church, and a windmill, at Ginge 
Joybert, and of lands at Bromlegh. All in Essex 14 . 

Andrew Blount, and Elena, his wife, held one fee in 
Pencriz 15 . 

Fees in the Testa de Nevil, in Henry HE and Edw. E 

Amongst the fees of the Earl Marshall, Robert de la 
Marc held lands in Beverstock of Andrew Blount 16 . 

Paganus de Brenkeworth held in Care, in Wiltshire, half 
a knight's fee of Andrew Blount, and Elena his wife 17 . 

Andrew le Blund, and Richard de la Dene, held lands 
in Calston, in Wiltshire, of John Mauduit 18 . 

Fees of the Earl of l'Isle, (Comes Insuloe) Andrew le 
Blund held fees in Witel, and Castellana in Wilts 19 . 

Robert Blund held part of a fee of the Honor Pontis 
Frigidi, in Oxfordshire 20 . 

Robert Blound held part of a fee of William de Scalebroc 
at Hasele, in Oxfordshire, of the Honor Pontis 
Frigidi 21 . 

11 Placit. West. 12 R. Dods. vol. 109. f. 69. " Ashmole MSS. vol. 825. part 4. 

Escaet. IS Testa de Nevil. I6 Page 136. " Page 151. ,s Page 149- 

Page 156. *> Page 101. 21 Page 106. 
2 Y 

34-6 BLOUNTS OF ESSEX, &c. book hi. 

Alexander de Trunewell held Trunewell, in Berkshire, 
of Thomas Blund K . 

Robert Blund was attainted for joining the Earl of 
Leicester in his rebellion against Henry the Third, his 
estates at Gingejohert, Gingelaundry, and the advow- 
son of the church of Gingejobert were forfeited, and 
given to John de Weston, provided they were not of 
the King's demesnes. Afterwards they were restored 
to his family 23 . 
Edward I. 4 Andrew Blount held of the Crown, in capite, part of the 
manor of Pencriche by the service of one knight's fee". 

14 Sir Hugh Blount was Sheriff of Essex. He was son of 

Andrew* 5 . 

15 Hugh le Blund, Sheriff in Essex and Hertfordshire 26 . 

— Andrew le Blount, in Essex, paid forty pence for one fee 
of William Curzon to a scutage 27 . 

21 A quo warranto issued against Sir Hugh le Blont for 
liberties claimed in Penkeriz. He obtained judgment 
for a market, upon the production of the charter of 
King Henry 28 . 

24 Hugh le Blount held two parts of the manor of Pen- 
crich, as one fee, in ancient demesne, of the gift of 
Henry II. 29 

33 Free warren granted to Sir Hugh le Blount in Gingejoy- 
berd, Gingelaundry, in Essex ; Pentherigg, in Hert- 
fordshire; Pentrigg, (Pencrich) in Staffordshire; Kinge- 
ston, in Oxfordshire ; and Duddecote, in Berkshire 30 . 

3 j Hugo de Blound, and Johannes de la Hanse, Knights in 
Parliament for Berkshire 31 . 
Edw. II. 6 A fair granted to Sir Hugh le Blount at Pencriz 32 . 

8 Margery, widow of Sir Hugh Blount, and Hugh, his 

--' Page 124. 23 Rot. Pat. Ed. I. 24 Anecd. Coll. Arm. ** Dugitale's Baron. 

2t R. Dods Rot. Pip. vol. 16. f. 102. ^ Ibid. vol. 16. f. 102, 145. » Placit. Capit. 

West. a Anecd. Coll. Arm. M Rot. Chart, and R. Dods. vol. 54. f. 167- 31 Ash- 
mole MSS. vol. 846. fol. 19. Art. 43. ffl Rot. Chart. 

chap. vii. BLOUNTS OF ESSEX, &c. 347 

son, held Pencriz. Hugh Ie Blount held Dodecote, 
Berks ; and Kingston, Oxon 33 . 
9 Hugh le Blount held Kingston, and Pencrich 34 . 

10 Margery, widow of Hugh, son of Hugh le Blount, paid a 

fine of xx s . for the King's licence to receive the manor 
of Kyngeston, after the death of Hugh 35 . 

1 1 A charter of Sir Hugh le Blount to John de Stonore, by 

which he settles upon him an annual rent of one 
hundred pounds, to arise from his manors of Kinges- 
ton, in Oxfordshire ; Pencriz, in Staffordshire ; and 
Gingejoybert Laundrye, in Essex ; upon condition of 
being void if John and his heirs should peaceably enjoy 
the manor of Duddecote, which belonged to him in 
reversion after the death of Hugh and Nichola, his 
wife, in virtue of a fine levied, without interruption by 
the said Hugh and Nichola 36 . 
Edw. III. 20 Edward le Blond paid 10s. for a quarter of a knight's fee 
which John le Blound held in Bromlege of the Bishop 
of Rochester 37 . 

24 A fine levied between John de Alveton, and Nicholea, his 
wife, demandants, and Sir Hugh le Blount, tenant, of 
a third part of the manor of Pencryche, which John 
and Nicholea claimed as her dower 38 . 

35 Sir Hugh Blount died seized of Gyngejoyeberdlaund 
manor, Ledene Rothyng manor, in Essex ; Huche 
manor, in Hertfordshire ; and Pencrich manor, in 
Staffordshire. Jocosa, his wife, and John, his son and 
heir, both living. 

— Suffolk. John, the son of Hugh le Blount, performed 
homage and fealty 39 . 

37 John, son and heir of Hugh le Blount, held the manor 
of Pencrich in capite by the service of one knight's 
fee 40 . 

33 Inquis. ad Q. D. et Rot. Orig. M Ibid. M Rot. Orig. in Cur. Scacc. * Placit. 
Cap. West. 5T R. Dods. vol. 62. f. 95. 3S Ibid. vol. 128. f. 145. 39 Escaet. and 

R. Dods. vol. 51. fol. 64. vol. S3, f. 136. w Anecd. Rec. Coll. Arm. 
2 Y 2 

348 BLOUNTS OF ESSEX, &c. book in. 

49 Sir Thomas Blount was Sheriff of Oxfordshire, and in 

that capacity endowed Isabel, widow of Sir Thomas 
Bardolf, with the third part of the manor of Maple- 
Durham Gurney, by a deed dated on the nineteenth 
of June 41 . 

50 Thomas, son of Sir Hugh Blount, of Essex, released to 

John de Beverlee, and Amicia, his wife, the manor of 
Pencrize, in Staffordshire 42 . 

51 Margaret, who was the wife of Sir William de Ferrars, 

of Groby, held at her death the manor of Gingejoy- 
berd Laundry, for her life, after the death of William, 
her husband, by the gift of John le Blount, the son of 
Sir Hugh le Blount. Henry Ferrars was her next 
heir 43 . 
Rich. II. 8 Sir Hugh le Blount occurs 44 . 

12 Thomas le Blount held lands in Ginge-Joybert Laun- 
dry 45 . 

— A charter of Sir Thomas Blound, and Isabel his wife, 

to Sir Hugh Burnell, and Jocosa his wife, of the 
manor and advowson of Bradelegh. Seal. Quarterly, 
a bend. Impaled with a saltier, ingrailed 46 . 

— John Bockingham, Bishop of Lincoln, Thomas Bren- 

tingham, Bishop of Exeter, William Beauchamp, John 
Devereux, John Drayton, William Rykyl, Henry 
Englysh, Stephen, Vicar of the church of Sonnyngs, 
and John Forstere, delivered to Isabella, who was 
formerly the wife of Hugh de Segrave, Knight, and 
now the wife of Sir Thomas Blount, Knight, the 
manor of Burfeld, for her life, and lands in Theffield. 
After the death of Isabella, to William de Drayton, 
Knight 47 . 

41 Deed of Endowment, penes Michael Blount, Esquire. 42 R. Dods. vol. 84. f. 141. 

43 Escaet. R. Dods. MSS. vol. 51. f. 75. 44 Ashmole MSS. vol. 825. No. 4. R. Dods. 

MSS. vol. 64. f. 72. " 5 Moranfs Essex, vol. ii. p. 48. " 6 R. Dods. vol. 30. f. 29. 

Ex chartis originalibus Symond d'Ewes, militis. " Ibid. 

chap. vii. BLOUNTS OF ESSEX, &c. 349 

19 John Mapes, and Jocosa his wife, daughter and heir of 
John Blount, son and heir of Hugh Blount, of Essex, 
were parties in a cause in the Hastings Court of 
London 48 . 
In the year 1395, there was a cause in the Court of 
Chivalry, between Sir John Lovel, Knight, and Sir 
Thomas de Morley, Knight, concerning the coat of 
arms of the family of Morley. One of the witnesses 
examined was Sir Thomas Blount, the elder, of Oxford- 
shire, who deposed, that he was sixty-four years of 
age, and that he had borne arms fifty years, in England, 
France, and Scotland. In his deposition he swore 
that the arms in question belonged to the family of 
Burnel, and that he was with King Edward the Third 
at the battle of La Hoge, where he heard that a Lord 
Burnel challenged the arms of Sir Robert Morley, then 
being in a coat of those arms, but that the King com- 
manded the Constable, and Marshall, that all challenges 
of arms should cease, till the King came to a place 
where they might be determined. That after the 
battle of Cressy, the King came to besiege Calais, 
when he, Sir Thomas Blount, was wounded, in the 
knee before Tirouenne, and was forced to keep his bed 
in his tent. Here Sir Thomas West came to him, and 
told him that the arms were adjudged to belong to Sir 
Robert Morley for his life only, for the honour he had 
done those arms, with remainder to the Lord Burnel's 
heirs 49 . 
Hen. IV. 1 Sir Thomas Blount, Knight, in right of his wife Johanna, 
held lands in Wiltshire. Hugh Blount, his brother, 
was his heir, and of three years of age 50 . 
4 Thomas Blount, the elder, was seized of the manor of 

" R. Dods. MSS. vol. 132. f. 111. 49 Blomefield's History of Norfolk, vol. i. p. 675. 

From the Manuscript of the Cavie, penes Peter le Neve. M Ashmole MSS. No. 825. 

Art. 4. 




Kingston in Aston Ruhant, in Oxfordshire, anil 
demised it to Sir Thomas Blount, the younger 51 . 

Hen. VI. 3 John Blount died. John, his son and heir, of thirty 
years of age. In Staffordshire'' 2 . 
21 John Blount died. Humphrey, his son and heir, twenty- 
years of age 53 . 

Hen. VII. 24 1 6th February, 1508. Fettiplace made his will. He 
held the manors of Hetche, in Essex, Gingeberd 
Laundry, and Herford Stoke, in the parish of Buttis- 
bury, and the manor of Ilgerse in Essex 54 . 

Henry III 

Edward I. 

Edward II. 7 


17 Walkelinus Blundus occurs in Bedfordshire 1 . 

In the fees in the time of Henry the Third, and Edward 
the First, in the Testa de Nevil, Matthew Blund held 
one hyde of land in Stackeden, in Bedfordshire, of the 
barony of William Beauchamp 2 . 
7 The Escheator was commanded to seize the lands of 
John Blount of Bykaleswade in Southamptonshire, 
(Biggleswade Herts.) 3 . 

31 Alan le Blunt died seized of lands beyond Trent 4 . 

32 Alan le Blount held a messuage, forty acres of arable land 

and one acre and an half of meadow in Wardon in 
Bedfordshire ; and one messuage, twenty acres of 
arable land and one acre of pasture, in Biggleswade, 
Bedfordshire 5 . 

33 John, son and heir of Allan Blound 6 . 
John le Blunde held Wildon manor, and tenements at 

Blunesherst, both in Bedfordshire 7 . 
John le Blund paid a fine of twenty shillings for tene- 
ments at Wildon, being one virgate eighteen acres of 

'' Escaet. " Ashmole MSS. No. S25. Art. 4. " Ibid. M R. Dods. vol. 128. f. 40. 
R. Dods. Rot. Pip. vol. 15. f. 147. 2 Page '248. ' Originalia. Scacc. * Ibid. 

Escaet. 6 Ashmole MSS. vol. 825. part 4. 7 Inquis. ad Quod Damnum. 


arable land, four acres of meadow, and fifteen pence 
rent 8 . 

13 Alan le Blunt of Cotesford, son of John, held lands 
beyond Trent 9 . 
Edward III. 5 John le Blunt, son of John, of Biggleswade, for the Prior 
of Saint Bartholomew's, Smithfield, held thirty acres 
of arable land at Stanmore in Middlesex 10 . 
7 John le Blunt of Biggleswade, and Johanna his wife, 
held one messuage, and twenty acres of arable land in 
Wardon ; fifty acres of arable land in Biggleswade, 
Shortmade,and Holm ; and one messuage, and forty-two 
acres of arable land in Wrastlingworth, all in Bedford- 
shire 11 . 
S The King received the homage of Matilda, one of the 
daughters of John Blount, of John de Waldon, who 
married Alicia, another daughter, and of Richard de 
Exmouth, who married Margaret, the third daughter, 
heiresses of John Blount of Bickleswade deceased 12 . 

23 John Blount died seized of lands in Wyldon, viz. 
eighteen acres of arable land, &c. as of the honor of 

25 The King received the homage of Richard, son and heir 
of John le Blount, deceased 14 . 

33 Richard Blount enfeoffed Richard Chamberlayn of 
twenty acres in Wildon, Bedfordshire, as of the honor 
of PevereF. 
Rich. II. 14 Bedfordshire. John Morice, who married Agnes, 
daughter and heir of Richard Blount, deceased, paid a 
fine for a licence of entry upon one messuage, and 
eighteen acres of land, in Wildon 16 . 

8 Inquis. ad Quod Damnum, et Rot. Original. 9 Original. i0 Escaet. " Ibid. 

R. Dods. vol. 83. f. 37. 13 Escaet. " It. Dods. vol. 83. f. 109. 15 Escaet. 

R. Dods. vol. 52. f. 58. 



They are said by Edmondson to have borne the same arms witli those of 
Gloucestershire. But others have given them the usual Blount arms, with 
a crescent for difference, and a crest, the sun in glory, charged in the centre 
with an eye issuing tears, all proper*. 

Henry II. 17 Roger Blund Sheriff of London and Middlesex 1 . 

Rich. I. 6 Galfridus Blundus owed the King one hundred shillings. 

Galfridus Blundus, Robertus Blundus. 

de London. 

Mattheus Blundus. Simon. Johannes. 

Johannes Blundus 2 . 

9 Roger Blont, Mayor of London 3 . 
John 1 Richard Blound, Sheriff of London and Middlesex 4 . 

4 Normon Blund, Sheriff of London and Middlesex 5 . 
12 William Blond, Sheriff of London 6 . 
16 Andrew Blund occurs in London 7 . 
18 Roger Blund, Sheriff of London and Middlesex 8 . 
Henry III. 4 Simon Blund, son of Robert Blund, of London, gave 
half a mark of rent in London to the Hospital of St. 
Giles, without London 9 . 
2G Hugh Blunt, Sheriff of London 10 . 
49 Edward le Blund, Sheriff of London and Middlesex". 
51 Edward Blunt, Sheriff of London 1 *. 
Testa de Nevil. 
The King gave the Church of Herslop, in Kent, to 
Thomas the son of Edward Blount of London 13 . 

5 Gent. Mag. May 1732, p. 91, Q3. 

1 R. Dods. vol. 73. f. 144. 2 Ibid. vol. 13. f. 14. 3 Rawlinson, Ped. Blount. 

4 R. Dods. Rot. Pip. vol. 14. f. 77. s Ibid. 6 Rawlinson, B. vol. 73. f. 110. 

7 R. Dods. vol. 14. f. 235. 8 Mr. Thomas Blount. 9 Dugd. MSS. vol. 39- f. 47. 1. 

10 Rawlinson, Ped. " T. Blount. 12 Rawlinson, vol. 73. f. 110. " Testa de 

Nevil, page 215. 


Edward I. 4 Ralph le Blount, Sheriff of London 14 . 

11, 14 Walter le Blount, Sheriff of London 15 . 

20 Ralph le Blound, Sheriff of London and Middlesex 16 . 

30 to 35, and 1 Edward II. John le Blunt, Mayor of Lon- 
don 17 , when he was knighted. Constable of the Tower 
in 1302 18 . 


Sir John Blount, one of the Directors of the South-sea project in 1720, 
who was created a Baronet on the 17th of June in that memorable year, 
assumed the coat of arms of Blount, Lord Mountjoy. In 1732, a suit 
ex officio was instituted against him in the Earl Marshall's court of 
Chivalry, at the College of Arms, when, after a course of regular pro- 
ceedings, Sir John was sentenced to renounce any pretence to the said 
quarters, not having proved his descent from the Lords of that name. 
This was the last cause ever tried in the Earl Marshall's court". 

Sir John Blount died at Bath, the ISth of January, 1733, and left five 
sons, and three daughters. His descendant is Sir Charles Richard Blount, 
Baronet, of Croydon in Surrey 15 . 

14 Placit. de quo Warranto. 15 Ibid, and R. Dods. Rot. Pip. vol. 16. f. S3. 

10 Thomas Blount. 1T Placit. de quo War. 1S Stow, f. 547- 

" The proceedings in the Earl Marshall's Court of Chivalry were carried on regularly, 
according to the practice of the Civil Law Courts in England. See Spelman, Crompton, 
Lord Coke, and particularly Prynne on the Fourth Institute, page 59. ed. 1669. On 
enquiry at the Herald's Office, I was informed that the proceedings in this cause were not 
to be found there, but the following account of great part of them is in the Gentleman's 
Magazine for 1732, page 677. &c. 

30 March, 1732, was held a Court of Honor, in which Dr. Isham sat as Judge, attended 
by Blance Anstis, Garter King of Arms, and Knox, Clarencieux. The Court was moved 
against Sir John Blunt, for bearing a coat not belonging to his family. 

25 April. Process against him was returned, and the certificate was continued. 

8 May. The articles against him were admitted. He denied the jurisdiction. His 
plea was overruled, and an attachment was decreed against him for not appearing, when 
Mr. Philips appeared as Proctor for him. 

26 June. Doctor Henchman, Promoter for the Office, declared he would proceed no 
farther, there being an error in the citation. Sir John Blunt was therefore dismissed, but 
a new process issued against him. 

b Gent. Mag. 1733, page 46. 



Many of the persons who occur here are, no doubt, the same with those 
of the same name in the preceding genealogies ; though their identity can- 
not be proved. For instance, there are a great number of William le 
Blounts, in the early part, before the time of Edward I. but as there were 
six of that name from William le Blunt who came over with the Conqueror 
to that period, and the precise time when each of them lived is not ascer- 
tained, to which of them any of these transactions is to be referred is not 

Hen. II. no year. There was paid to Advvard Blund c£42. 11*. Mid. for 
mending the robes of the King's son, the Queen his 
mother, and the Queen his wife 1 . 
Richard I. 1 Stephen Blund on an assize 2 . 

3 Richard Blund owed the King, of the debts of Aaron 

the Jew, £37*. 
6 Walterus Blundus occurs 4 . 

— Willelmus Blundus held the fee of Herdwic in La- 

vinton 5 . 

— Hugh Blont held land at Mereton in Lincolnshire. He 

had two sons, Osbert and Simon. Osbert had three 
sons, Hugh, Alexander, and Simon 6 . 

— Henry Blount of Rustleham, and his mother Christina, 

held lands in Rustleham 7 . 
9 Robertus Blundus, son of Bartholomew Blund, occurs 8 . 
John. 5 Esthorp and Brihos were granted to William Blount 9 . 

6 Richard Blount had a grant of twenty shillings in Lin- 

colnshire 10 . 

7 William Blount claimed against William the son of 

Roscelin the manor of Henford in Norfolk, of the 
seizen of his grandfather, William Blount, in the time 
of Henry, father of the King, and of which he was 

1 R. Dods. vol. 73. f. 151. 2 Placit. Cap. West. 3 R. Dods. Rot. Pip. vol. 13. f. 14. 
4 Ibid. » Ibid. f Placit. Cap. West. ' Ibid. 8 Rawlinson, Ped. 

» Rot. Chart. 10 Ibid. 


entitled to the reversion after the death of Alice, wife 
of the son of Roscelin, who held it in dower. William 
Blount, his grandfather, having given it in exchange to 
William, the son of Roscelin, and Alice his wife, as 
her dower, for half the town of Walesham, and the 
services of Gilbert Walensis, which Gilbert, brother of 
the said William the grandfather, had given in dower. 
No date. Somerset. Amicia, Juliana, and Matilda, daughters of 
William Blount, owed the King three marks for agree- 
ing with Henry de Carvill for a fee in Briweton". 
— Henry Blond, or Blont, Prior of Saint Peter's Abbey at 
Gloucester, was installed Abbot, on the 6th of the 
Ides of October, 1205. In his time King Henry the 
Third was crowned in that abbey in 1218. About 
four years after, the tower of the church falling down, 
the abbot began to rebuild it in 1222, committing the 
management of the building to Helias, the sacrist. He 
died on the 10th of the Calends of September, in the 
year 1224 13 . 
9 Thomas Fletcher was demandant against Roger Blount, 
and Milefant his wife, of three bovates of land in 
Awic, Yorkshire 13 . 

1 2 Knights who held of the Bishop of Rochester, William 

Blund seven fees 14 . 

13 In Northumberland, Robert, son of Roger, and William 

Blundus occur' 5 . 
15 Leicestershire. John the Monk (Monachus) demanded 

against Richard Blownd, and Anicia his wife, ten 

bovates of land in Wimundeham 16 . 
Robert Blund held a burgage in Salop". 
17 Stephen of Oxford paid a fine for marrying the widow of 

Baldwin Blund' 3 . 

" Placit. Cap. West. R. Dods. vol. 97. f. 45. I2 Willis's History of Mitred Abbeys, 

vol. i. p. 114. 13 R. Dods. vol. 73. f. 93. 14 Ibid. vol. 143. f. 16. I5 Iliid. vol. 

14. f. 206. 16 Ibid. vol. 97. f. 58. 17 Rot. Chart. a Anecd. Coll. Arm. 

2z 2 


19 Simon Blund, nephew of the Bishop of Dublin, held 
lands, &c. of the presentation to the church of Kirk- 
ham in Lancashire. The Bishop of Dublin had the 
custody of Ireland intrusted to him 19 . 
No year. Cultura (the Pasture) Simonis Blundi occurs 20 . 
Hen. III. no yr. A charter of Thomas le Blund, in which he gives to 
Adam, the tailor, (cissori,) all the land which Thomas 
Fordmorum held of him in the village of Sepperuge, 
&c. Witnesses, William Fitz-Herbert, Symons de la 
Garstun, Alexander de Trunkewell, Walter le Blund. 
Robert le Despenser, Walter le Frankelayn, William 
Berd, and others. The seal of Thomas le Blund. 
Barry nebuly. To this deed is the following note. 
By the aunchenty of the hand, it seemeth this evidence 
was written in the beginning of the reigne of King 
Henry the Third. Sepperuge is now Shepridge 21 . 
S Lincolnshire. John Blund, with Agnes, who was the 
wife of Adam Painel, occur'--. 

Johanna la Blunde gave ten shillings to the church of 
Senley in Huntingdonshire 23 . 

Roger Blund, Rector of the church of Ganby in the 
Archdeaconry of Leicester- 4 . 

Roger Blund founded a chauntry in the church of the 
Holy Trinity at Leicester 23 . 

Reginald Blund, Canon of Lincoln 36 . 
9 Norfolk. William Blund owes the King two marks for 

his fee in Enford 27 . 
IS John Blund, Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Upon the death of Richard Wethershede, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, in 1231, the sixteenth of Henry the Third, 
the Monks of Canterbury elected Ralph Nevil, Bishop 
of Chester, and Chancellor of England. The Pope 
refused to confirm the election, and ordered the Monks 

19 R. Dods. vol. 54. f. IS. -° Ibid. vol. 73. f. If). - 1 Ashmole MSS. vol. 825. No 4. 
" R. Dods. Rot. Pip. vol. 15. f. 60. ■ R. Dods. vol. 107. f. 46. 24 Ibid. f. 68. 

-•Ibid. f. 71. 2 * Ibid. f. 81. ^ Ibid. 


to choose another person. They elected John, the 
Superior, who was likewise rejected, on account of his 
extreme age. At another election they next nominated 
for Archbishop, in 1233, a person who is styled by 
Godwin, Richard Blundy, but whose name in Matthew 
Paris is John Blund. He likewise was refused by the 
Pope, ostensibly for holding two benefices, with cure 
of souls, without a dispensation, and from an alledged 
suspicion that he had bribed the Monks with money 
which he had borrowed from Peter, the Bishop of 
Winchester. Saint Edmund was then elected, at the 
request of the Pope, in 1234, 19 Henry III. 
John Blount was a learned man, educated first at Oxford, 
and afterwards at Paris. He read divinity lectures at 
Oxford, and was Prebendary and Chancellor of York. 
His rejection by the Pope has been supposed to have 
been occasioned by his great learning, and because he 
had supported the Emperor's interest against Pope 
Gregory the Ninth. After this he retired to Oxford, 
composed several learned works, and died in 1248'*. 
— A fine of two hundred marks paid by Elena, who was 
the wife of Andrew le Blount, for the custody of the 
lands, and the heir, of Andrew, and fifty marks for all 
other dues 29 . 

20 A writ of Mort d'ancestor, brought by Editha de Cun- 

grove, and Isolda, her sister, against Andrew Blount, 
and others, for lands in Cungrove in Staffordshire 30 . 

21 John le Blount, a malefactor in the King's Forest in 

Hertfordshire 3 "'. 
26, 27, 28. Stephen le Blount held lands in Gillingeham, Suffolk, 
et suspensus fuit pro morte hominis. 
28 John Blount, Chancellor of York, 1244 32 . 

28 Godwin de Prssulibus Angliae, vol. i. p. 90, 91- Mat. Paris, page 315. ed. 16S4 
Anno 1233. Biograph. Britan. and the authors there cited. Leland, Comment, de Scriptor. 
Britan. Warton's Anglia Sacra. Bale de Scriptor. Britan. 29 R.Dods. vol. 56. f. 126. 

M Ibid. vol. 103. f. 182. 31 Placit. Cap. West. 32 Ibid, and R. Dods. vol. 129. f. 96. 


29 Richard Blount was an eminent divine, first Chancellor, 

and then Bishop of Exeter in 1245. He was said to 
have been of a sweet disposition, but too easy with his 
dependants. Matthew Paris styles him, a man with- 
out doubt universally commendable for his morals and 
learning. Some of his inferior clergy entered into a 
conspiracy to defraud the church. He died in 1257 3! . 

30 Placita et assisae apud Lancastriam. John le Blund held 

ten acres of land, (it is not known where) by the ser- 
vice of carpenters, and they are worth five shillings per 
annum. John le Blund tenet 10, acras terrae (nescitur 
ubi) per servitium carpentariorum, et valent per annum 
5s. 3i 
— William le Blund, and Adam, brother of John de Ma- 
risco, recovered seizin of lands in Pemberton in Lan- 
cashire 35 . 

35 Richard de Wrotham died without issue. His heirs 

were his four sisters, or their children. 1. William de 
Placetis, or Plessy, son of his eldest sister Constance : 
2. Susanna, wife of John le Blund : 3. Margaret, wife 
of Geoffrey de Scoland; and, 4. Christian, wife of 
Thomas Picot. The heirs did homage for lands in 
Somersetshire, and Dorsetshire, and paid £\5 for a 
relief 36 . 

36 Robert le Blound, son of Cecily le Blound, and Thomas 

le Blound, of Suffolk, and Thomas le Blound of York- 
shire, occur 37 . 
38 Andrew Blount appears amongst the names certified by 
the Sheriffs of Shropshire and Staffordshire 38 . 
Robert Blund sued John Fitzwilliam for carrying away 
his charters and seal 39 . 

" Godwin, i. 404. Biog. Brit, ubi supra. Vir sine querela moribus et Uteris omnibus 
commendabilis. Mat. Paris. » K. Dods. vol. 130. f. 186. M Ibid. f. 139. 

55 Escaet. Collinson's Hist, of Somersetshire, vol. i. p. 41. vol. iii. p. 63. Anecd. Col. Arm. 
Dugd. Baroa. p. 518. R. Dods. Rot. Pip. vol. 1 5. f. 297- 37 R- Dods. vol. 29- f. 66. 87. 

" Rot. Chart. " Placit. Cap. West. 


34 & 39 Peter le Blund was Constable of the Tower. He 
was owner of a seat called Sundridge, in Bromley, in 
Kent 40 . 

39 William Blound, son of Rocelin, was assessed forty shil- 

lings for one fee towards knighting the King's eldest 
son. And Andrew le Blound the same for one fee of 
William de Curzun 41 . 

40 Thomas Blund of Stocton killed by Thomas Russel, who 

forfeited by it a messuage in Broutton, which was 
granted to Nicholas de Valeys 42 . 
4S John de Blount died seized of the manors of Nether 
Hammer in Somersetshire, and Edlington in Middle- 
sex 43 . 

— It being found upon an inquisition that the messuage in 

Norwich, which Robert le Blund, and Isabella, his 
wife, held of the King, had escheated to him, because 
it was not known whether Reginald, son and heir of 
Robert and Isabella, who eight years before had left 
England, was living, the King granted the said mes- 
suage to Roger de Assewell 44 . 

4-9 Andrew Blount was in the battle of Evesham on the side 
of the Barons 45 . 

o2 A trespass was committed in the manor of Gayton, in 
Lincolnshire, belonging to Robert le Blount 46 . 

53 Philip le Blund appears in a plea at Westminster in a 
suit in Berkshire 47 . 

36 William le Blount occurs 48 . 

— Precept to the Sheriff of Middlesex to distrain John le 

Blount, the heir of Richard de Wrotham, and also 
Gilbert de Plessetis, for three hundred marks which he 
owes to the King for the herbage of Exemor (de 
Herbagio de Exemor) 49 . 

" Dugd. Bar. Rot. Pat. 41 R. Dods. Rot. Pip. vol. 15. f. 331. 4 ? Orig. Scacc. 

« Escaet. 44 R. Dods. vol. 67. f. 195. " Walsingham, &c. * R. Dods. 

47 Anecd. Col. Arm. 4S R. Dods. vol. 29- f. 127- 49 Ibid. f. 133. 


No date Simon Blund and Matilda his Avife owed half a mark for 
an assize at Westminster, against Simon de Monckton 
for lands in Chipping Norton 50 . 
50 In this reign Roger Blund held lands in Lancaster". 

In the Testa de Nevil of the fees in the reigns of Henry 
the Third, and Edward the First, Gilbert Blount held 
half a fee in Clyst in Devonshire, and Matthew Blount 
held a hide in Stackedon, of the barony of William 

Alexander le Blund held lands of Richard de Wigeberg. 
viz. five acres, worth two shillings per annum. 

The heirs of William le Blund held in Clyst, of Saint 
Mary in Devonshire, half a fee of Robert de Helyhun, 
and the Earl of Devonshire, of his honor of Ply m ton 3 ". 

Samson le Blund, and others, held the fourth part of a 
Knight's fee in Stepelmordon, and in Orewell, in Kent 
and in Huntingdonshire 53 . 

The heirs of Gilbert Blound held lands in Clift, in Devon- 
shire 54 . 

The heirs of Hillary Blound held Clyft 55 . 

William Blund held four bovates of land in Barton, of 
William the cup-bearer (Pincerna) by Knight's ser- 
vice 56 . 

Osbert Blund, and others, held lands in the town of 
Abse in Surrey 57 . 

Aids received in Warwickshire, and Leicestershire, in 
Wylebv, of Robert Blund, for three virgates of arable 
land, eleven shillings 58 . 

Roger Gernun held a fee in Lavinton in Wiltshire of 
William Blund 59 . 
Edward I. 1 Robert le Blund complained of a trespass against John 
Elys for taking his sheep, in Wiltshire 60 . 

30 K. Dods. vol. 88. f. 108. " Ibid. vol. 112. f. 104. ■ Page 191. H Page 354. 

" Page 182. M Page 191. S6 R. Dods. vol. 130. f. 108. from Testa de Nevil. 

57 Page 227- M Page 83. 5S Ibid. m Plaeit. Cap. West. 


2 John le Blund committed felony, and forfeited a tenement 

in Norwich 61 . 
8 Geoffrey le Blount died seized of lands 02 . 
10 Alicia le Blund died seized of lands in Suffolk, and of 
Ixworth manor in Suffolk 63 . 

13 Lands of Alicia le Blound in Wytheresfeld 64 . 

14 Ralph Blount recovered lands in Saxlingham, which were 

his grandfather's, by the judgment of Solomon de 
Ruffe 65 . 
17 The Escheator Malculine commanded to seize all the 
lands of which Robert le Blound died seized 66 . 

15 John, son and heir of Robert le Blund 67 . 

19 Robert Blount occurs in Sussex 68 . 

20 The King confirmed to Adam le Blound in fee a virgate 

of land in Haneberg, for a rent of five shillings 69 . 
22 A house and land in Drosselan demised to Ralph le 

Blunt, and another to John le Blunt 70 . 
2S Nicholas le Blount of Yorkshire released to Sir Roger 

Mynyot all his lands in Eskelly, which had belonged to 

Richard de Stochilld. 1299 71 . 

29 Sibilla, daughter and heir of Sir Robert le Blunt of 

Hamme, inherited lands in Edelmeton, and Exton in 
Devonshire. The custody of them was entrusted to 
Egidius de Fryennes, during her minority 74 . 

30 Robert le Blound of Natton recovered seizin of five acres 

of land, in Culerne, in Wiltshire, against Richard Crok 
of Haselburg 73 . 

31 John le Blund, and Margaret his wife, at Catteshill, 

recovered seizin of two messuages in Ryndham in 
Suffolk, against John, the son of Alexander of 
Ryndham 74 . 

61 Escaet. 62 Rot. Orig. Scacc. a Ibid, and Escaet. H Placit. Op. West. 

Rawlinson, Ped. 66 Rot. Orig. Scacc. 67 Ashmole, vol. 825, part 4. 68 Ibid. 

Rot. Pat. 70 R. Dods. 71 Ibid. vol. 91. f. 181. n Rot. Orig. Scacc. 

Ibid. ; * Ibid. 

3 A 


In the time of Edward the First, William le Blount held 

twelve acres in Seton for two shillings, in the county 

of Northumberland, in socage of the Baron de la 

Val 75 . 

Thomas Blunt held four acres in barony of Muscamp, by 

half a pound 76 . 
Roger Blount held land in Lancaster 77 . 
William Blund held lands in Maideneton in Lancashire 78 . 
Edward II. 1 Stephen le Blount appointed Escheator for Cheshire 79 . 

No date Richard de Vernon, and Mabilia his wife, demised to 
Eytropp de Mulynton, two messuages, and a bovate of 
land, in Millinton, which they had on account of the 
guardianship of Roger, son and heir of Robert le 
Blund. Witness, Thomas de Bolton, Justice of Ches- 
ter 80 . 
2 John le Blund had the custody of the manors of Castle- 
garyn, and Otherrard granted to him by the King, at 
the instance of Peter de Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall 81 . 
5 Roesia, widow of John le Blund, recovered seizin of 
three acres of land in Chishall, in Essex, against John 
de Risele 82 . 
S Stephen le Blount appointed Chamberlain, and Receiver 
to the King for Scotland, and Receiver of Victuals at 
Newcastle for expeditions to Scotland 83 . 
9 Appointed Receiver, and Keeper of Victuals at Car- 
lisle 84 . 

— Richard le Blount seized of lands in Huntingdonshire 85 . 
1 1 Employed in guarding the Marches 86 . 

17 William le Blount occurs 87 . 

— Margaret Lathbury held twenty-five acres of land at 

Markaston, of Henry le Blount 88 . 

r R. Dods. vol. 112. f. lo. ,6 Ibid. " Ibid. f. 89- 7H Ibid. f. 102. 

Rot. Orig. Scacc. *° R. Dods. MSS. vol. 31. f. 105. il Rot. Orig. Scacc. s3 Ibid. 
Ibid. s ' Anecd. Col. Arm. 85 Rot. Orig. Scacc. ,6 Ibid. S7 Ibid. 

R. Dods. vol. 57. C 23. 


IS A formidon brought by Alicia Blond. 
Robert Totnam. 


I _ .1 . 

Thomas, son and heir, Alicia Blond, 

without issue. sister and heir. 61 

— Richard Blont of Arklow was one of the Justices of the 

King's Bench in Ireland 10 . 
27 William Fraunceys junior recovered seizin of eight acres 

in Great Weston, near Camel Regis, in Somersetshire, 

against Walter le Blound 91 . 
33 John de Crosseby, Clerk of the Chancery, and Stephen 

le Blount, the King's Clerk 92 . 
Edward III. 1 Richard le Blount occurs in Wiltshire 95 . 

— Richard le Blount, brother and heir of John, and Edward, 

brother and heir of Richard 94 . 

3 Simon de Quinhowe held for William le Blunt of Quin- 
howe one thousand acres in Quinhowe in Cumber- 
land 95 . 

9 Stephen le Blount, Receiver and Keeper of the Victuals 

at Carlisle 96 . 
19 William le Blount and Lucia his wife, of Wyleby, for the 
brothers of John Oxon, held twenty-five acres of land at 
Wyleby, and lands at Shotteswell, in Warwickshire 97 . 

— Escaet. 

Thomas le Blount. = 

! , 

1 1 

Thomas le Blount = Margareta, Peter le Blont. 

daughter of 
John de la Roche. 98 

23 Agnes, late wife of Peter Doygnell, was enfeoffed of the 
manor of Hywisse in Wiltshire, for her life, with re- 
mainder to Thomas, son of Thomas le Blount, and 

" R. Dods. vol. 125. f. I3S. 90 Escaet. 91 Rot. Orig. Scacc. 92 R. Dods. vol. 

74 f. 64. M Rot. Orig. Scacc. 94 Ashmole MSS. vol. 824. part 4. Originalia. 

95 Escaet. % Anecd. Coll. Arm. Rot. Scacc. Orig. 97 Escaet. 9S R. Dods. 

vol. 42. f. 36. 

3 a2 


Margaret, daughter of John de la Roche, his wife, re- 
mainder to Peter, son of Thomas, Thomas the son of 
Thomas, and Margaret died in the life-time of the said 
Agnes, and Peter, the brother of Thomas, the son of 
Thomas, is living, of the age of eight years". 
24 Walter de Finchingfeld released to Gilbert le Blount of 
Plesset, and Richard Ban, his right in the towns of 
Moese-Beaumond, Great Ocle, and Rammeseye. 
Gilbert le Blunt de Plesset, and Richard Ban, released 
the said lands to William de Clinton, Earl of Hunting- 
don. Essex 100 . 

26 Elias d'Aubeneye, for Geoffrey le Blount. The manor 

of Houton d'Aubeneye, and the manor and hundred 
of Fincheston, in Southamptonshire, remain to the said 
Elias 101 . 
— Geoffrey Blount, and Margaret his wife, levied a fine of 
Churchfield in Oundle parish, in Northamptonshire 102 . 

27 Thomas Blount held Whiteford manor in Devonshire 103 . 

34 John Blount died seized of lands in Morteshome in Dor- 

setshire, as of the manor of Mershwode 104 . 

35 Peter, son of Thomas le Blount, died seized of the manor, 

and church, of Hiwyssh, of lands in Ore, Shaw, 
Erdescote, and Warnberg, in Wiltshire 1 ". 
40 William le Blount gave to Sir John Blount and Elizabeth 
his wife, in free marriage, lands in Hanslope in Buck- 
inghamshire. Dated Hampton Lovet 106 . 
42 The heirs of Andrew de Blount held in Calestron one 
Knight's fee 107 . 
No year Richard Blount was attorney for St. Bartholomew's 
hospital, and the Abbot of Becco 11 ". 
Rich. II. 11 Stephen le Blount on an assize 109 . 

M Inquis. ad Quod Damnum. R. Dods. MSS. vol. 60. f. 209. 10 ° Rot. Claus. R. Dods. 
vol. 84. f. 117. ' 0I Escaet. m Bridge's Northamptonshire, vol. ii. page 413. 

105 Escaet. 104 Ibid. 105 Ibid. 106 Dugdale MSS. vol. 39- foL 47. Art. 2. 

10 ' Rot. Orig. Scacc. los Placit de quo Warrant. 109 R. Dods. 


14 Agnes, wife of John Moryce, daughter and coheir of 

Richard Blount 110 . 

15 Remembrance d'ancien temps, par Mons. Robert Ped- 

wardyn. 18 Ri. II. 
Fait a remembere qu. Piers Blount out comune de la 
Gunt pour — berbitz. Le dite piers vendiss la dite 
comune a Richard Biflete. 
Feoffment, Peter le Blont to Richard Byflete granted all 
his pasture for twenty-four sheep, which Henry de 
Longechamp gave to Thomas le Blount, for five 
marks 1!) . 
22 John Blount brother and heir of William le Blount 112 . 
Henry IV. 1 Sir Thomas Blount, with the Earl of Kent, and others, 
beheaded, and attainted. By the Inquisition Post 
Mortem he was found to have possessed in South- 
amptonshire, Barramslie, Lyndhurste, Pillee, Brakeley, 
Ringewode, and Wallope 113 . 
Who this Sir Thomas Blount was does not appear. His 
property affords no clue, as it did not belong to any of the 
preceding Blounts. John Blount, who married Isolda 
Mountjoy, had a fourth son Thomas, who, as far as 
concerns the time, might be the person. It must be 
observed, that Nicholas le Blount, who changed his 
name to Croke, was engaged in the same enterprize. 
Yet Sir Walter Blount, who would be Thomas's 
brother, was a supporter of Henry the Fourth. In 
those unhappy times families were often divided. 
— The King committed to John Blount the custody of the 

lands late of William Ipstones, in Staffordshire 114 . 
2.5 Thomas Blount, Sheriff of Derbyshire 114 . 
Henry VI. 6 John, son and heir of John Blount, Knight, and Isabella 
his late wife, paid twenty-five marks for a fine 116 . 

10 Ashmole MSS. vol. 825. No. 4. Originalia. m R. Dods. vol. 66. f. 65, 66. 

112 Ashmole, vol. 825. 4. Originalia. Ia Rot. Pat. Tur. Lond. Escaet. " 4 R. Dods. 

vol. 52. f. 81. 115 T. Blount. " 6 R. Dods. vol. 52. f. 131. 


22 Humphrey Blount, son and heir of John Blount, Esquire, 

did homage for Dodyngton, in Yorkshire 117 . 
25 Thomas Blount, Sheriff of Nottinghamshire 118 . 
Edward IV. 2 Thomas Blound, Sheriff of Lincolnshire 119 . 

4 Thomas Blount, Esquire, Treasurer of Calais 120 . 

5 Upon an Inquisition it was found, that Thomas Blount, 

Esquire, deceased, was seized of the manors of Erysby, 
Burgh-upon-Bayne, and Biscarthorpe, in Lincolnshire, 
&c. held of the King by the service of one knight's 
fee, and that Robert Blount was his son and heir, and 
of nine years of age 1 - 1 . 

— Lincolnshire. Thomas Blount held, to him and his heirs 
male, the manor of Molton-Roos, and Wotton, the 
manors of Lyndwode-Bayons, and Thoresway-Bayons, 
and the manor of Elsham. And the same Thomas 
held, by the custom of England, the manors of 
Tetteney and Pemberton, of the inheritance of Robert 
Blount, to him and the heirs of Agnes, late wife of 
Thomas, Robert Blount is his son and heir, and of 
nine years of age 122 . 

10 William Blount, Sheriff of Nottinghamshire 123 . 

18 Thomas Blount, Esquire, son and heir of Sir William 
Blount 124 . 

20 Robert Blount, son and heir of Thomas Blount, and 
Agnes his wife 125 . 

22 John Elrington, Knight, Treasurer of the King's house, 
by his will dated the 11th of July, bequeathed to his 
wife Margaret's daughters, gotten by William Blount, 
that is to wit, Isabel and Anne, each fifty pounds 
more for their marriage 126 . 
Rich. III. no yr. Edward Blount, Squire of the King's Body, had an 
annuity of ten pounds, out of the revenues of the 

'" R. Dods. vol. 52. f. 173. m Thomas Blount. " 9 Ibid. ,2 ° Anecd. Coll 

Arm. m R. Dods. vol. 67. f. 218. 122 Ashmole MSS. vol. 825. 4. w T. Blount. 

121 Ashmole MSS. vol. 825. 4. 125 Ibid. 126 R. Dods. MSS. vol. 22. f. 44. 


lordship of Fawngape, during the nonage of the Earl 
of Warwick 127 . 

9 John Delves, Chevalier, = Elena. 


I \ 

Johannes Delves, = Robert Delves, 

son and heir. son and heir male. 

I 1 

Elizabeth, wife of Elena, wife of 

James Blount. Robert Sheffield, jun.'- N 

Henry VII. 3 Blisworth and Ashby, in Northamptonshire, which had 
been given to Sir James Blount, was restored to 
William de Catesby 1 * 9 . 
10 Edward Blount, Sheriff of Herefordshire" . 
IS Robert Blount, son and heir of Thomas 131 . 
Hen. VIII. 13 The will of John Blount of Bottisham, in the diocese of 
Ely. He mentions Elyn, his wife, John and William, 
his sons. He had lands at Comberton^. 
Elizabeth. 1 Sibilla, wife of Anthony Brende, and Margaret, wife of 
John Garrarde, sisters and heirs of Robert Blount, 
Esquire, deceased 133 . 
3 James Blount, son and heir of John 134 . 
13 Richard Blount, Esquire, held the manors of Bodylis.. 
Upgroves, and Scarlet, in Surrey, a messuage near 
Paul's Wharf in London, called Chersey House. He 
died 17th November, 157.5, leaving Elizabeth Blount, 
his only daughter and heir, six years old 135 . 
22 Richard Blount of London left one hundred pounds to 

Trinity College, Oxford 136 . 
41 By an inquisition held the 7th of December upon the 
death of Lady Mary Blount, it was found that she held 
lands in Wrothwick in Bicester, Oxfordshire, and died 
the 23d of December, in the thirty-fifth year of Eliza- 

,j; Harl. MSS. No. 133S. f. 95. 12S R. Dods. vol. 138. f. 20. ™ Bridge's 

Northamptonshire, vol. i. p. 15, 335. 13 ° Thomas Blount. 131 Ashmole, vol. 825. 

No. 4 13 -' R. Dods. MSS. vol. 22. f. 159. 133 Ashmole, vol. 825. 134 Ibid. 

,3i Anecd Coll. Arm. !36 Wood's Hist, of Oxford, p. 294. 


beth, 1592, and that Richard Blount was her son and 
heir, and of thirty years of age 137 . 
James I. 22 Two letters, dated in 1624, and signed H. H. supposed 
to be Howard, Earl of Northampton, to the Deputy 
of Ireland, recommending Sir James Blount, and sug- 
gesting that in lieu of a pension of <£200, he should 
have a company of horse, or foot, and a pension of 
JlOO 138 . 

Other Persons who occur at uncertain or unknown dates. 

Richard de Vernun granted to Roger Blund of Vovenhull, or Boben- 
hull, a bovate of land in Vovenhull 1 . 

Nottinghamshire. Flockton. Richard Outan, and Simon Blound, 
held in Shitling ten bovates of land 2 . 

Ralph le Blund held a virgate of land at Essebi 3 . 

A bovate of land in Bileam in Yorkshire, belonged to Godwin Blund 4 . 

Robert de Blund held half the manor of Grafton, which had belonged 
to Ralph Samson, of the King, for one knight's fee 5 . 

137 Anecd. Coll. Arm. IM Lansdowne MSS. vol. 255. Art. 72. ' R. Doris. MSS. 

vol. 90. f. 115. 2 Ibid. vol. 125. f. 20. 3 Ibid. vol. 138. f. 62. 4 Ibid. vol. 

140. s Ibid. vol. 147. f. 27- 


r ROM the preceding history, it is evident that the Blount and Croke 
families are related by lineal descent, by collateral consanguinity, or by 
affinity, to the following royal and noble persons. 

First, They are lineally descended from the Emperor Charlemagne : 
the Kings of France, of Denmark, and Aries : the Saxon Kings of Eng- 
land, through Emma, and Elfrida, daughter to King Alfred : the present 
Royal Family of Brunswick, from Guelph : from the noble races of the 
Counts of Guisnes, of Flanders, Boulogne, Saint Pol, Ardennes, and 
Vermandois, in France and Flanders ; from those of Weingarten, and 
Bavaria, in Germany : and from the Barons of Ixworth in England. 

Secondly, By consanguinity, or a descent from a common ancestor, 
they are related to the Norman race of British Monarchs, through Matilda, 
the wife of William the Conqueror: to the Dukes of Brunswick, Bavaria, 
and Saxony, in Germany : to the Italian Marquisses of Este, Liguria, and 
Tuscany, the Dukes of Ferrara, and Modena : to the Frankish Emperors 
of Constantinople, and the heroes of the Crusades, Godfrey of Bouillon, 
Eustace Count of Bologne, Baldwin, and the Dukes of Apulia: to the 
Counts of Ghent, d'Eu, Alost, de Couci, Saint Jean Steene, Rassinghiem, 
and Isenghiem, in France and Flanders. 

Thirdly, All the foreign male lines of the House of Guisnes, and all 
the elder male lines of the family of le Blount, having become extinct, the 
Croke family is the eldest male representative of the blood of Sigefrede, 
of the Counts of Guisnes, and of the Barons of Ixworth, and Belton. 
In later times, it is descended from the Royal family of Portugal, is 
related by consanguinity to the Lord Treasurer Burleigh, the Marquis of 
Winchester, and the Earl of Verulam ; and to the Baronets Lee and Cave. 
It is intitled to quarter, 1. The le Blount and Croke arms of gules, 
a fesse between six martlets, argent. 2. Guisnes, vairy, or and azure. 
3 B 


3. Blount, lozengy, or and sable. 4. Blount, barry of six pieces, nebuly, 
or and sable. 5. Odinsels, argent, a fesse and two mullets in chief, gules. 
6. Lovet, argent, a fesse between six wolves' heads, erased, sable. 7. 
Heynes, argent, a fesse nebuly, azure, interspersed with byzants, between 
three annulets, gules. S. Barker, argent, three bears' heads, erased, gules, 
muzzled, or. In chief three ogresses. 9. Busby, or, three darts, reversed, 
in pale, sable. On a chief of the second, three mullets, pierced, of the 
first. And for a crest, on a wreath, argent and gules, two swans' necks 
erased proper, beaked, gules, issuing out of a crescent, azure ; and bearing 
in their beaks two annulets, or. Besides the le Blount crests. 

Fourthly, The Blount branches are related to King John, the Dukes 
of Norfolk, the Earls of Shrewsbury, the Lords Mountjoy, Aston, 
Clifford, and Forfar. 

Fifthly, It may be proper to remark here, that some of the branches of 
this family, namely, those of Sodington, Maple-Durham, and Hereford- 
shire, have retained their original Roman Catholic Religion. That of 
Crokefrom the time of the Reformation, the present Blounts of the branch 
of Eye, some of the extinct branches, as the last Lord Mountjoys, the 
Earl of Devonshire, the Earl of Newport, the Blounts of Tittenhanger, 
and others, have all been Protestants. 

Sixthly, There have been of this family, besides the Earls, Barons, 
Baronets, and others of hereditary titles, the following persons of emi- 
nence' 1 . 

Two Constables of the Tower of London, viz. Peter le Blund, made 
Constable, 39 Hen. III. and Mountjoy Blount, Earl of Newport, made 
Constable, an. 1641, 16 Car. I. b 

Two Lieutenants of the Tower, Sir Richard Blount, and Sir Michael 

Two Masters of the Ordnance, viz. Charles Blount, Earl of Devonshire, 
Master of the Ordnance, reg. Jac. I. and Mountjoy Blount, aforesaid, 
Earl of Newport, his natural son, Master of the Ordnance, reg. Car. I. c 

One Lord Mayor or Custos of London, John le Blount ; he was 

3 The following list, with the references, is chiefly taken from Collins's Baronetage, 
vol. iii. page 675. 

" Vide Dugdale's Bar. vol. i. at Blount, and Nalson's Collection of Affairs of State, part ii 
p. 230. 

<■ Fynes Morrison, part ii. p. 29G. Ed. l6l7- Heylin's Help to English History. 


Mayor for six years together, from an. 1301, 29 Edvv. I. to an. 1307, 
1 Edw. II. d 

One Lord Steward of the King's Household, Sir Thomas Blount, 
Knight, 20 Edvv. II. c 

One Great Treasurer of Normandy, Sir Thomas le Blount, Knight f . 

One Lord Treasurer of England, Sir Walter Blount, Knight, son of the 
Treasurer of Normandy, aforenamed ; he was afterwards Lord Mountjoy, 
and made Lord Treasurer, 146.5, 4 Edw. IV. s 

One Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Charles Blount, Lord Mountjoy, 
afterwards Earl of Devonshire, made Lord Lieutenant, 42 Eliz. and again, 

I Jac. I. 1 ' 

One Knight Banneret, Sir Thomas Blount, made Knight Banneret by 
the King, in France, for his service at the taking of Therovene and Tour 
nai, 1,513, 5 Hen. VIII. 1 

Three Knights of the Bath, viz. John le Blount, the above Mayor of 
London, made Knight of the Bath, at Whitsuntide, with Edward, Prince 
of Wales, before the King's intended expedition to Scotland, 34 Edw. I. 
.lames Blount, Lord Mountjoy, made Knight of the Bath, before the 
coronation of Queen Mary, an. 1,5.53 ; and Sir Saint John Blount, brother 
to the above Mountjoy Blount, Earl of Newport, and natural son of the 
above Charles Blount, Earl of Devonshire, made Knight of the Bath, 
1625, at the coronation of King Charles I. k 

Four Knights of the Garter, viz. Sir John Blount, Knight of the Garter, 
between the years 1416 and 1420, reg. Hen. V. Walter Blount, Lord 
Mountjoy, who was Lord Treasurer, Knight of the Garter, an. 1471- 

II Edw. IV. William Blount, Lord Mountjoy, made Knight of the 

H Strype's Survey of London, vol. ii. book v. p. 76. 

' Holinshead's Chronicle, p. 888. Dugdale's Baronage, vol. i. 

f MSS. Collections of the Blount family, fol. formerly Sir Rich. St. George's, Clarencieux, 
now Sir H. P. Blount's, at page 5, where is this-inscription round a seal; Sigillum Walteri 
Domini Mountjoy, fil. et heredis Thoma; Blount magni Thesaurarii Norm. Stow's burvey 
of London, p 346". and Dugd. Bar. 

! Dugdale's Origines Juridiciales, p. 0'8. and Baronage. 

'' Dugdale. 

' Herbert's Henry VIII. p. 41. l'eacham's Compleat Gentleman, third Ed. lb'G'l. 

1 Ashmole, Hist Gart. p. 3S. Collins's Peerage, vol. ii. part ii. p. 41-7. Milless Cata- 
logue of Honour, p. 493. 

3 B 2 


Garter, an. 1526, 18 Hen. VIII. And Charles Blount, Lord Mountjoy, 
afterwards Earl of Devonshire, aforesaid, made Knight of the Garter, an. 
1597, 39 Eliz. 1 

To this list may be added, 

Two Judges, Sir John, and Sir George, Croke. 

A Speaker of the House of Commons, Sir John Croke. 

Two Clerks of the Pipe, Sir Robert Croke, and his son. 

Through the le Blounts, the House of Guisnes, and the Danish Kings, 
the genealogy of this family extends through a period of eleven hundred 
years, and above forty generations, which allows about twenty-seven years 
and an half to each generation ; nearly about the usual calculation. 

1 Heylin, Hist, of St. George, p. 374, 375, 36±, and 367. Ashmole, Hist. Garter, p. 710. 
266, 3J8, and 716. Milles, p. 97. 





Book I. Chap. 4. 
Page 5 1 . 
V IN d'Auxerre is Burgundy. Auxerre est le boisson des Rois. An 
old song-. 

Book II. Part I. Chap. 3. 
Page 113. 
There is a grant of fifteen shillings rent by Sir John Lovet, Lord of 
Elmeley-Lovet, to his brother Walter le Blount, and his son John, without 
a date. Sciant &c. quod ego Johannes Lovet, Miles, Dominusde Elme- 
ley-Lovet, dedi Waltero le Blount, fratri meo, et Johanni filio suo, Jilioh 
meo, quindecim solidos annui redditus, &c. Sine dat. Filiolus, a little 
son, or godson, or here perhaps for a nephew. Dugd. Warwickshire. 
p. 697- Blount's Law Diet, under Filiolus. 

Book II. Part II. Chap. 1. 

Page 386. 
The artists of Italy were famous for all curious manufactures. The 
plate and mail of the Duke of Hereford, at the duel at Coventry before 
Richard the Second, were made by the armourers of Giovanni Galeazzo. 
Froissart, xii. ch. 5. 

.376 ADDITIONS, &c. 

Page 460. 
Harleian MSS. No. 286. fol. 197- 
To the right honorable, our verye good Lord, the Lord Keeper of the 
Greate Seale of England. 

Maye yt please yo r good Lo. for that ther is greate want of men learned 
in the lawe, in the Commyssions of peace in dyvers shires w"' in our 
circuite, and therby her Ma tieS service at the tyme of their sessions and 
otherwise not so well performed. We have therefore thoughte good for 
her Ma ties better service therein to recommend unto yo r Lo. Mr. Nicholes 
Hare of the Inner Temple, Mr. Robert Haughton of Lincolnes Inne, 
and Mr. Henrye Hubbarde of Lincolnes Inne, for the Countye of Norff. 
and Mr. John Crooke and Mr. John Pygott for the Countye of Buck. 
We are also bolde to nomynate unto yo r Lo. Mr. Edwarde Bacon sonne 
of Sir Nicholas Bacon late Lo. Keeper to be verye fytt both for his 
sufficyencie, and in respecte of his dvvellinge, to be added and put into the 
commyssion of peace in the Countye of Suffolk. Thus we humblie take 
our leave of yo r good Lo" this xii th daye of June, (1592. added in) 

Yo r humble Servants to command, 

Page 473. 
I do not mean to condemn a legal provision for the poor, according to 
its original intention. To provide for the old, the sick, and the helpless, 
to promote industry, and uniformly to exert the influence and control, 
which such a system gives the upper orders over the lower, for the pro- 
motion and maintenance of virtue and morality, and to perform all this by 
a general contribution, without throwing the burden upon the voluntary 
exertions of charity, is a noble institution, and may be the foundation of 
an admirable police. A misapplication of these powers from a false and 
narrow-sighted spirit of humanity, the great fault of the present age, has 
occasioned all the evils complained of. 

Page 48 1. 
Catherine, the daughter of Sir Michael Blount, was born April 1 1, 1.563. 
In the text it is wrong printed, 1663. Herald's Visitation of Shropshire in 

ADDITIONS, &c. 377 

1623. Her husband is there styled Johannes Blount alias Croke de 
Studley. in Com. Oxon. Recordator London. 

Page 559. 

The family of Ashhurst is very ancient, and was seated at Ashhurst, 
near Wigan, in Lancashire, soon after the Conquest. Sir Henry Ash- 
hurst was of a younger branch of it, and before he purchased the estate 
at Waterstock was resident at Emington, in Oxfordshire. To have been 
intimately connected with two men so eminent, yet so different in their 
characters and pursuits, as Mr. Boyle and Mr. Baxter, is a proof of no 
ordinary merit. By Mr. Boyle he was appointed one of the Trustees for 
his annual lecture. Mr. Baxter was frequently his guest at Waterstock, 
and when he was prosecuted, at the beginning of the reign of James the 
Second, for sedition, on account of some passages in his Paraphrase upon 
the New Testament, which by a forced interpretation were construed to 
reflect upon the Prelates of the Church of England, Sir Henry honourably 
supported the friend of his father and himself. Baxter was committed to 
the King's Bench, and brought to trial on the 30th of May, 16S.5, 
before the infamous Chief Justice Jeffries, who was uncommonly violent 
and abusive. By a partial and brow-beaten Jury he was found guilty, 
was fined five hundred marks, to lie in prison till it was paid, and to find 
securities for seven years. In this prosecution, Sir Henry retained counsel 
for him, stood by him during the trial, and when it was concluded led 
him through the crowd, and carried him away in his coach. The next 
year however the King thought proper to pardon him. On the 21st of 
July, 16S8, Sir Henry was created a Baronet. He married Diana, the 
daughter of Lord Paget, by Frances, the eldest daughter of the Earl of 

They had one son, and a daughter. The son, Sir Henry Ashhurst, was 
Member of Parliament for the borough of New Windsor, and married 
one of the daughters of Sir Thomas Draper of Sunninghill. Dying at 
Bath, he was buried at Waterstock, and leaving no issue, the title became 
extinct, and his property devolved upon his sister's daughter. A just 
character of him may be seen in the dedication of a sermon preached in 
Albury Church, June 18, 1727, by Doctor William Tilly, Rector of that 

3 c 

378 ADDITIONS, &c. 

Diana, the daughter of the first Sir Henry Ashhurst, married Sir 
Richard Allin, of Somerley in Suffolk, Baronet, and the marriage of their 
only daughter, Diana Allin, who after the death of her uncle Sir Henry 
Ashhurst, inherited his property, with Thomas Ashhurst, Esquire, of 
Ashhurst, the representative of the eldest branch, united the two families, 
and the two estates, in 1718. They had a great number of children, one 
of whom was Sir William Ashhurst, Knight, who was born in 172,5, at 
Ashhurst, was made one of the Justices of the King's. Bench in 1770, 
and having been twice one of the Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal, 
in 1783 and 1792, resigned his judicial office in 1799> and died in Novem- 
ber, 1807. Sir William married Grace, the daughter of John Whalley, 
M. D. and sister to Sir John Whalley Smythe Gardiner, Baronet. Their 
children were ; first, William Henry Ashhurst, Esquire, the present repre- 
sentative for the County of Oxford. He married Elizabeth, the sister of 
Sir Oswald Mosley, Baronet, by whom he has seven children, William 
Henry, Frances Elizabeth, Caroline, John Henry, Mary, James Henry, 
Henry George. 

James Henry Ashhurst, the second son of Sir William, died unmarried. 
The third son, the Reverend Thomas Ashhurst, Doctor of Laws, is 
Fellow of All Souls College in Oxford, and Rector of Yaverland, in the 
Isle of Wight. 

Ashhurst bears, gules, a cross between four fleurs-de-lis, argent. Crest, 
on a torce, gules and argent, a fox, passant, proper. The ancient motto 
was Vincit qui patitur. The more modern, Degeneranti genus oppro- 

Page 628. 
Harleian MSS. No. 2S6. fol. 226. 

To my very much honored frend the ladye Puckeringe, give thes. 

Good madam allthough I had a desier of my self by my letters to let 
you know how much I desier to be continued in yo r La ps love and good 
opinion yet notwithstandinge I am the rather at this present moved theare- 
unto by the earnest request of a gentleman my nephew Paule Croke, 
whose endevers and studies havinge attained to that perfection in the know- 
ledg of the lawes as that he now enters into som practice theareof, which 
his practice his most desier is to follow in the Court of Chauucery. And 

ADDITIONS, &c. 379 

findinge as well by some little experiens of his ovvne as allso by the advice 
of his experienscd frends, that the favor and cowntenans of those before 
whome he is to pleade in that place (and especially of my Lord Keeper) 
may much both advantage him in his cawses and encorage him in his 
practice, to which ende thearefore his earnest suite unto me is for my 
letters to yo r La? one his behalf, that it would please you to doe him that 
favor as to make him knowen unto my Lord Keeper, and by your com- 
mendations he may be furthered unto my Lord's favorable good opinion, 
which if it shall please his Lordship the rather to afoorde him for my sake 
(he beinge to me so neere as my sister's sunn) besides the honest deserts 
and serviceable thankfullnes which I asuer my self both my Lord and 
vow madam shall ever finde in the yownge gentleman, 1 shall take it as a 
create favor doen to my self, which in my best indevors I will studie to 
deserve. I will troble yo r La p with no further importunitie in this sute 
at this present, leavinge the further prosecutinge of it to my nephew's 
owne report to which I beseeche you madam to yeeld a favorable avvdiens, 
thus with Mr. Harington's and my humble remembrances to my good 
Lord, and loving commendations to yo r La p , I committ yow to the All- 
mightie who still increase the happines both of yow and yo". Cowmb. 
this ( ) of March, \593. 

Yo r La. to commaund, 


Page 665. 
It appears, that, in 1644, Lord Lovelace lived at Water Eaton in Ox- 
fordshire. A party of one hundred and fifty of the Parliament troops, 
on Sunday the 1st of September, from Banbury, suddenly visited his 
house, in hopes of taking him. Being absent they seized his lady, forced 
her into her carriage, and compelled the coachman to drive her to Middle- 
ton Stoney, seven miles, where they turned her out of the coach, took it 
as a prize, and left her to walk home. She was daughter to the Earl of 
Cleveland, who defeated Waller at Cropredy. Mercurius Aulicus. 

Page 683. 
In 1625, Hugh Barker, LL. D. and Mary his wife, purchased of Ralph 
Vine a capital messuage, lands, and tithe at Piddington in Oxfordshire. 
3 c 2 

380 ADDITIONS, &c. 

His widow enjoyed it during her life, when, with the manor and rectory 
of Fritwell, it descended to their only daughter Mary, who in the fourteenth 
of Charles I. married Samuel Sandys, of Ambroseden, Esquire. In 1721, 
an Act of Parliament passed for the sale of all the estates of Samuel 
Sandys and Samuel bis son, when part of the property at Piddington was 
sold to Sir Edwin Turner. From the evidences of Sir G. O. P. Turner. 
Dunkin. History of the Hundreds of Bullingdon and Ploughly, ii. p. 139- 

Page 703. 

Charles Wetherell was appointed bis Majesty's Solicitor General in 
January, 1824, and of course received the honour of Knighthood. 

I have stated that Mrs. Lane, who rode before Charles the Second, 
was of the Freer family. This is not quite correct. The father of Thomas 
Lane Freer married into the Lane family, which is the only connection 
between them. Mary Lane Freer is an error of the press for Mary June 

Doctor Clutton has three children, John, Thomas, and Harriet. They 
were so unfortunate as to lose, in one month, in the year IS 17) two ami- 
able daughters, named Margaret, and Mary, at the early ages of fifteen, 
and eleven, years. 

Page 707. 
Doctor George Shaw, F. R. S. and F. L. S. died the 22d of June, 1813, 
aged 60; and Doctor John Shaw, D. D. died January 14th, 1824, in his 
seventy-fourth year. 

Page 730. 
If any thing farther respecting myself is worth mentioning, it may be 
added, that, on the 14th of November, 1S23, I was called to be a Bencher 
of the Society of the Inner Temple. 

Page 733. 
The Abbe Bertin is mentioned by the Abbe Barruel in his Memoires 
pour servir a l'Histoire du Jacobinisme. He calls him un homme assure- 
ment de beaucoup d'esprit, et bien en etat de saisir tout systeine tant soit 
peu intelligible. He relates the attempt made by Mons. St. Martin to 
convert him to his opinions. The Martinist Free Masons were one of 

ADDITIONS, &c. 38i 

those sects which contributed materially to the French revolution, and 
numbered many dupes in France, Germany, and even in England. In 
the place of the Christian religion, they substituted the Manichaean prin- 
ciple of two deities, and other absurdities, and held all civil societies to be 
contrary to nature. (Barruel, part ii. p. 323, &c. Ed. 1797.) Quant a 
M. Bertins, la partic etoit trop forte pour St. Martin. II falloit raisonner 
avec un hoinme qui objectoit sans cesse. — Apres trois mois de lecons 
auxquelles on sent bien que M. Bertins ne se pretoit que par curiosite, 
le Sr. St. Martin finit par dire ; Je vols bien que jamais je ne convertirai 
un Theologien ; et il abandonna un homme plus fait pour l'instruire, qu<- 
pour recevoir ses lecons. (Partie iii. p. 136. n.) 

Book III. Chap. 1. 

Page 136. 
In the fifth year of Edward III. 1331, Henry, Earl of Lancaster granted 
to his beloved Valet, John le Blount, nine acres of land in Holland, in tin- 
Forest of Duffield. Sciant, &c. quod ego Henricus Comes Lancastrian 
Leicestriae, et Nicholiee, Senescallus Anglise, dedimus &c. dilecto Valetto 
nostra Johanni le Blount, novem acres terree cum pertinanciis in Holland 
in Foresta nostra de Duffield, 6zc. Dat. apud Hegham Ferrers 3 die Junii 
5 Edw. III. From Sir Walter Kirkham Blount. Blount's Law Dictonary, 
voce Valet. Valet denoted a young man of noble birth, who had not 
yet received the order of knighthood. See Selden, Titles of Honour, 
p. 849. and Du Cange in voce. 

In the seventh year of Edward the First, 1278, John le Blunt held half 
a virgate of land at Oddington, in Oxfordshire, of William le Pauper, 
who held it of the Abbot of Westminster. Hundred Roll, vol. ii. p. S3.3. 
In the thirtieth of Edward III. 13o6, Henry, Duke of Lancaster, con- 
firmed to John le Blount sixty acres of land in Salford, in the Duchy of 
Lancaster, which he had of the gift of his father. Henricus Dux de 
Lancastre, Count de Leicestre, de Derby et de Nicole, Senescal Dangletre. 
a touts ceux que ceste endenture verront ou orront saluten Dieu. Come 
nostre chere et bien ame cousin John de Blount eit en nostre mein renduz 
sessaunte acres de terre ov les appurtenances en Salford en nostre Duchee 
de Lancastre, les quels il avoit a luy et a ses heirs, du don et feofment 
nostre tres houore Seigneur et pere, que Dieu assoile, &c. Dat. 30 Edw. 

•382 ADDITIONS, &c. 

111. from the original belonging to Sir Walter Kirkham Blount. Blount's 
Dictionary, voce Assoile. This was Henry, created first Duke of Lan- 
caster, son to the Earl Henry, and father to Blanch, the first wife of John 
of Gaunt, by whom he acquired that Duchy — and Sir John Blount of 
Sodington, who married Isolda Mounrjoy, and Eleanor Beauchamp, and 
was the father of Sir Walter Blount. This shews the early connection of 
that branch of the family with the Dukes of Lancaster. 

In the twentieth of Edward the Third, 1346, is a deed between Nicholas 
de Stone, and John de Blount. Cestes sont les covenants feates le Ven- 
dredy procheirs devant la Feste de Seinte Jake l'Apostle, 20 Edw. III. 
perenter Nichol de Stone, d'une parte, et John de Blunt d'autre parte. — 
Et le dit John trovera au dit Nichol herbe et feyn et forage pour un 
Harkeney et'deux vaches. This extract is published by Blount, Diet, voce 
Forage, from the original penes Sir Walter Kirkham Blount. 

Blount likewise mentions a charter, to which William le Blount was a 
witness, but nothing farther. Hiis testibus, Domino Edvvardo de Sancto 
Mauro, Domino Willielmo Blount, &c. Voce Dominus. 

Paqe 142 note k. 
This deed is likewise printed by Blount in his Law Dictionary, voce 
Forprize, from the original penes Sir Walter Kirkham Blount. 

Page 152. 
The mansion of Mavvley Hall was erected long before 1777- There 
is a tradition that the person who built it impoverished himself by it, and 
that the family was relieved from these embarrassments by the intermarriages 
with two heiresses, particularly the marriage of Sir Walter Blount with 
one of the coheirs of the Lord Aston. This Sir Walter before he suc- 
ceeded to the title, and his marriage, was a Physician of eminence at Wor- 
cester, but the prospect of his succession is said to have relaxed his in- 
dustry. His lady was burnt to death. From John Blount, Esquire, of 
Lea Hall, Yardley, near Birmingham, to whom I am indebted for much 
useful information relating to this family. See Genealogy, No. 10. 
Blounts of Yee. 

Chap. II. 
Page \55, arid Genealogy, No. 9- 
Kennet, Paroch. Antiq. p. 341, the Harleian MSS. No. 1052. fol. 28. 

ADDITIONS, &c. 383 

b. &c. make Sir Richard Cornwall to have been the grandson of 
Richard, King of the Romans, by his son Edmund, Earl of Cornwall. 
Sandford and some other authorities make him the son of the King of 
the Romans. 

Sir Bryan Cornwall seems to have been dead before 1583, when Lady 
Elizabeth Blount founded a Chauntry to pray amongst others for his soul. 
See Book II. Chapter 3. 

Page 157. 

In the third of Queen Elizabeth, John Blount of Eye gave to Thomas 
Croft, and Francis Lovel a furlong of land. Omnibus Christi fidelibus, 
&c. Johannes Blount de Eye, Armiger, dedit Thomae Croft et Francisco 
Lovel, Armigeris, unum Forlongum terrae arabilis continentem per aesti- 
mationem quatuor acras, &c. Dat. 20 Jan. 3 Eliz. Blount's Law Diet. 
voce Furlong. 

The name of this family was Croft, not Crofts, and this place was 
spelled Yee, not Yeo. The family is now brought to the present time in 
the annexed Genealogy, No. 10. by the assistance of John Blount, Esq. 

Page 159. and Genealogy, No. 9- 

Sir George Blount from his mother inherited an estate at llopton in 
Staffordshire, which, with all his other lands, he left away from his daughter, 
and his brother Henry's son, to Rowland Lacon, or Lakyn, of Welley, his 
sister Agnes's ,son. Erdeswicke's Survey of Staffordshire, p. 14. Ed. 
1723. Kinlet I suppose had been previously sold. Katherine, third 
daughter of Sir Thomas Blount and Anne Croft, married Robert Smythe, 
Esquire. He died September 3, 1539, she July 10, 15+9- Bridge's 

George Blount of Eckington bought Moor-Hall of one of the coheirs 
of Thomas Moor of Moor Hall, celebrated in the ballad in Percy's 
Reliques. Hunter's History of Sheffield. 

Page 159- 

The Blounts of Eckington seem to have been a family of respectability. 

In the Register of that parish is the following entry. " 1619, March 9- 

John, son of Charles Blownt, was baptized, and the Sponsors were, John 

Lord Darcy, Sir John Jackson, Knight, and Mrs. Elizabeth Blownt, wife 

384 ADDITIONS, &c. 

of George Blownt, Esquire, his grandfather." The twenty children of Sir 
Thomas Blount have been but little accounted for. I have been favoured 
with the following pedigree of Robert, which differs as to the wives of 
Robert and George from the Genealogy No. 9- perhaps they had two 
wives, as that Genealogy is compiled from good authority. 

Sir Thomas Blount of Kinlet. 

Robert Blount, Esquire, = (loodeth Xewson, 
ofEckington. I mar J .at Eckington, 


George Blount = Elizabeth, 
of Eckington, I living in 
living 40 Eliz. 1620. 

I 1 

Charles Blount = Anne, Frances = 1 . — Barber, 

of Eckington. I bur". 2. Ralph Clarke, of 

6 Oct. Ashgate, near 

I 1G25. Chesterfield. 


John, Rosamund, George, Charles, 

bap. 9 Mar. 1620. bap. <■> July, 1621. bap. 3 Dec. 1 622. bap. 28 June, 1624. 
bur d . 5 Ap. 1629. 

From the Rev. Joseph Hunter of Ball:, author of the History of Hallamshire. 

Page 168. 
The following coats of arms were brought into the Kinlet family by the 
coheir of Bryan de Brampton. No. 5. Marshall. No. 6. Marshall. 
No. 7. Strongbow. No. 8. Mac Murg. No. 9- Clare. No. 10. Con- 
sul. No. 11. Fitzhamen. No. 13. Brampton. No. 14. Saint Valori. 
No. 15. Breves, or Braose. No. 16. Milo. No. 17- Newmarch. No. 18. 
Remeuile. No. 19. Corbet, and by descent from Corbet the Barony of 
Corbet of was in abeyance between the Staffords, Dukes of 

Buckingham, Harley, and Blount. 

Chap. III. 

Page 1?6. 
In the Royal Library at Paris was a manuscript intitled Chronica de 

ADDITIONS, &c. 3 S5 

la Casa de Ayala, por Salazar cle Mendoza. Montfaucon, Biblioth. Bibli- 
othecarum, page 9 17. a. No. 10.519. 

Page 176, last line. 
Margaret Blount who married John Oteley was daughter to Humphrey 

Page 189. 
In the south side of the body of the church of Saint Mary at Leicester 
lieth one of the Blounts, a knight, with his wife. Leland's Itinerary, 
vol. i. p. 17. This must be Sir Walter, and Sancha. 

Page 196. 
Constance married for her first husband Sir Hugh Hastings. See page 

Page 202. 

The old Lord Windsor, or his father, had the daughter and heir to the 
Lord Mountjoye in marriage, by whom he had 500 mark in land by the 
yere. The residew went to the heir male. Leland, vol. vi. p. 67. 

Sir James Blount married Elizabeth, daughter to John Delves of Delves 
Hall. Collins's Baronage, 1720. 

Page 203. 
Anne Duchess of Buckingham projected a match between her grand- 
daughter Anne, (see page 197,) the only daughter and heir of Sir Thomas 
Cobham, and Edward, the young Lord Mountjoy, the grandson of her 
second husband, the Lord Mountjoy, and they were espoused, but the 
young Lord died soon after, 1 Dec. 14 Ed. IV. 1475, in the eighth year of 
his age. 

Page 268, note u. 
Lord Leicester left the manor of Layton in Staffordshire to the Countess 
his wife, by which her husband Sir Christopher Blount acquired it. 
Erdeswick, Staffordshire, p. 152. 

3 D 

.386 ADDITIONS, &c. 

Chap. IV. 

Page 258. 
In the church of St. Peter in Vinculis in the Tower, are the monuments 
of Sir Richard, and Sir Michael Blount. They are joined together, and 
appear as one, consisting of three pillars of black marble of the Corinthian 
order, and four arches. Sir Richard's consists of two pillars, with two 
arches between them, divided by a pilaster, on which are three tablets with 
inscriptions. The principal tablet serves as a table, against which, under 
one arch, on one side Sir Richard in armour is kneeling, with a book, and 
his two sons are behind him. On the other side is Lady Blount with two 

On the upper tablet is written, 

Federa, quae quondam pepigit cum conjuge conjunx, 
Mors male divisit, pallida morte viri. 
Between the lines two hands are represented, with Deus per conjugium 
conjunxit, per mortem sejunxit. 
On the next tablet. 

Hie jacet Richardus Blountus, miles auratus, qui Henrico Octavo e 
quatuor Atriensibus unus, Edwardo Sexto a privato cubiculo fuit, et in 
varia hujus imperii officia ab Elizabetha Hegina selectus, Turri Londinensi 
ab eadem Praefectus. Ex hac dignitate in caelos a Deo susceptus est. 
Is uxorem duxit filiam Richardi Listen, Militis itidem Aurati, Primarii 
totius angliae Judicis. Et ex ea filios habuit Michaelem Blountum, qui 
Mooram sibi in matrimonium sumpsit ; et Richardum Blountum, quern 
solum sine conjuge celibem reliquit ; filias Elizabethan! et Barbaram ha- 
buit, quarum alteram Nicholaio Seintihone (St. John) alteram Francisco 
Sherleio in conjugium dedit. Ex hac vita vir ille bonus discessit, annos 
natus quinquaginta nonos, undessimo die Augustii, anno Domini 1564, 
et in hoc tumulo ex sumptu Elizabethae, uxoris suae, sepultus acquiescit. 
Tuum est, 6 Deus, omnium cadavera ad extremum vivificare et una tecum 
glorificare per sanctum Christum tuum. Amen. 
On the lower tablet. 

January the 20th, 1623. Underneath this place was interred the body 
of Lyster Blount, who diseased at 2 years 3 months of age, being lineally 
descended from 3 Leiftenants of the Tower, viz. Sir Allen Apsly, who in 
this Chappele gave Joyce, his only daughter by his second wife, to the 

ADDITIONS, &c. 387 

father of this child, Lyster Blount, third sonn of Sir Richard Blount, sonn 
and hayre of Sir Michael Blount, sonn and hayre of Sir Richard Blount, 
booth Leiftenants of this Tower, as above declares. Here they all lye to 
expect the coming of our sweet Saviour Jesu. Amen. Amen. 

The monument of Sir Michael Blount is exactly similar to the other. 
On the right side of the tablet is Sir Michael in armour kneeling, with three 
sons behind him. Opposite is his lady with her only surviving daughter 
Catherine behind her. 

On the tablet. 

Heere lyeth buried Sir Michael Blount, Knight, sonne and heayre of 
Sir Richard Blount, Knight, whoe succeeded his father in the office of 
Lieutenancy of the Tower of London XXV yeares after the death of his 
said father, and left issue, by Mary his wife, sister and one of the co- 
heayres of Thomas Moore of Bisseter, Richard, Thomas, and Charles ; 
Catherine and Francis. Richard marryed Cicily, yongest daughter of Sir 
Richard Baker of Kent, Knight. Catherine, his eldest daughter, married 
to John Blount, alias Croke, of Stydley, in the countee of Oxon, Esquire, 
sonne and heayre apparent to John Blount, alias Croke, of Chilton in the 
countie of Buckingham, Esquier, and hath issue John, Henry, and 
Charles. And Dame Mari, the wiffe of the sayd Sir Michael, died on 
Saturdaye, being the 23d daye of December in anno Domini 1592, and 
she lyeth heere buried. 

There are eleven escutcheons with coats of arms, of the intermarriages 
of this family, which have mostly been introduced in their proper places 
in this history. 

Page 2o9. 
The charge brought against Sir Michael Blount was founded upon a 
discourse in which he was maintaining the importance of his office, and 
asserted ; that if the Queen should die, (and her Majesty was then very 
ill,) he should not think himself bound to obey any councellor, for then all 
councellors would be private men ; but would keep his post till the suc- 
cessor should be established, according to the justice of the title ; and that 
he would permit none of the Officers of the Ordnance to enter into the 
Tower, unless they were sworn to take the same side with himself, for then 
the whole charge would be his ; and because he looked upon several of the 
3 D 2 

388 ADDITIONS, &c. 

warders to be knaves, he would turn them out, and call the rest before him, 
and such as would not be sworn to obey him, as by their oath, he said, 
they were obliged to, he would turn them out also, and supply their 
places with his own friends, that by this means, having ammunition in his 
power, he should be able to arm more than half the realm beside. All this 
was testified by Edmond Nevyl de Latimer, Esq. before the Lord Cob- 
ham and Lord Buckhurst, two of the Privy Council appointed to examine 
him. He also testified, that the Lieutenant had often asked him his opi- 
nion how many men would serve to keep the Tower, and what course was 
best to take to victualling it: these things looking very suspiciously, 
raised jealousies in the state against him and brought him into trouble. 
Maitland's Hist, of London, vol. i. p. 175. 

Page 260. 

The property of the Moore family at Bicester originally belonged to the 
Priory there, of the order of Saint Augustine. It was dissolved in 1537, 
and granted December 19, 1539, to Charles, Duke of Suffolk, who in 
1542 obtained a licence to alienate it, and then sold it for £505 12.?. 6d. 
to Roger Moore and Agnes his wife. The deed specifies 2SS acres of 
arable land in the fields of that parish called Market-end, and Langford, 
15 in King's End, 12 next Grainge-gate, 75 acres and pastures in Wretch- 
wic-green, &c. The Rectory and Parsonage of Bicester, and divers lands 
and messuages in Arncott, Middleton, &c. Part of these lands, and the 
site and buildings of the monastery, were granted by letters patent of the 
King to Roger Moor, Agnes his wife, and their heirs male. The whole net 
rent reserved was ,£7 17s. lOd. Originalia, f. 56, Evidences of Sir G. O. 
P. Turner. Feefarm Rolls, Rot. 23. No. 132. In Dunkin's History of 
the Hundreds of Bullingdon and Ploughly, vol. ii. p. 25.5. 

In 1551, the 20th of September, Roger Moor died, leaving a son named 
Thomas, and two daughters, Mary, who married Sir Michael Blount, and 
Elizabeth, first, the wife of Gabriel Fowler of Tysel worth, in Bedfordshire. 
Esq. by whom she had five children, and secondly, of Sir John Brocket, of 
Brocket-hall, in Hertfordshire, Knt. and she died June 24, 1612. Thomas 
was one of Queen Elizabeth's Gentleman Pensioners, was slain in Ireland 
the 10th of March, 1574, and leaving no issue, his inheritance escheated 

ADDITIONS, &c. 389 

to the crown. Agnes, his mother, surrendered her life estate to the 
Queen likewise, who granted the whole to Sir Michael Blount, and Mary 
his wife, and their three sons, Richard, Thomas, and Charles Blount. Sir 
Michael had livery the 20th of February, 30th of Elizabeth. Agnes mar- 
ried for her second husband Sir Edward Saunders, Knight. Ibid. From 
the evidence of Sir G. O. P. Turner. 

Dame Mary Blount died in 1.592, and was buried in the church of 
St. Peter in the Tower, and on the 2d of May Sir Richard her son and 
heir had livery of her lands, Sir Michael having died in 1591. Ibid. 

In 1609, King James the First granted the inheritance expectant upon 
the lives of the three sons, to Edward Ferrars, and Francis Philips, by pa- 
tent, dated the 30th of September, to be holden as of the manor of East 
Greenwich. This grant was barred by fines levied. In 1621, September 1, 
a licence was granted under the Great Seal, to Sir Richard and Sir 
Charles Blount, his son and heir, to alienate the Priory. Ibid. 

On the 19th of October, 1656, Walter Blount, and Philippa his wife, 
sold the Priory, with all its lands, the Rectory, &c. to John Glynne, 
Lord Chief Justice of the Upper Bench, for =£15,144 5s. Sd. of which 
.£5000 was paid to Lord Rockingham, and .£1500 toDelboand Seyon, in 
discharge of mortgages. The whole estate then produced ,£981 12*. 4^. 
a year. Ibid. 

Sir Stephen Glynne in 1728, sold it to Edward Turner, Esq. of Lin- 
coln's Inn, from whom it descended to the present Sir Gregory Osborn 
Page Turner, Baronet. Dunkin. 

Page 262. 
Mrs. Hutchinson, who wrote the life of Colonel Hutchinson, was 
daughter of Sir Alan Apsley. 

Page 276. 

Joseph Blount, Esq. eldest son of Joseph Blount, Esq. and Mary 
Canning, married, first, Jane Satterthwaite, of Lancaster, who died with- 
out issue. By Anne Martin, his second wife, he had only one daughter, 
named Frances. 

Michael Blount, the second son of Joseph Blount, Esq. and Mary Can- 
ning, had issue by Catherine Wright his wife, 1. Alfred Francis, born 

390 ADDITIONS, &c. 

April 27th, 1 8 17. 2. Gilbert Robert, born March 12th, 1819. 3. Emma 
Catherine, born Sept. 20th, 1820. 4. Louisa Mary, born August 17th, 

Page 278. 
Henrietta Mary Blount had issue by her husband John Wright, Esq. 

1. Lucy Catherine Mary, born December 18th, 1813. 2. Emelie Fran- 
ces Mary, born Feb. 9th, 18 16. 3. Juliana Mary Agnes, born September 
9th, 18 17. 

Michael Henry Blount, Esq. of Maple-Durham, has by his wife the 
Honourable Eliza Petre, 1. Mary Catherine, bom March 6th, 1818. 

2. Michael Charles, born April 19th, 1819. 3. Charles John, bom 
Aug. 21st, 1821. 4. Arthur William, born June 24th, 1823. 

Page 281. /. 5. 
It was many years after his first coming to London that he had this 
letter of introduction from Sir William Dugdale to Sir John, not Sir Ro- 
bert Cotton. The original is in the hands of William Blount, Esq. 
J. Blount. 

Page 282. 
Beckwith's first edition of the Fragmenta was published in 1784, in 8vo. 

Page 2S4. 
Another book printed by Edward Blount in 16 13, was intitled Apho- 
risms civil and military : amplified with authorities, and exemplified with 
historie, out of the first Quarterne of Fr. Guicciardine, by R. Dallington, 
and dedicated to Prince Charles. Small folio. 

Chap. V. 

Page 2S6. in fine. 
The Francis Blount of Brimmold, might have been the son of Francis 
Blount, of Richards-Castle ; Brummold, Eye, and Richards-Castle are all 
near each other. J. B. 

ADDITIONS, &c. 391 

Genealogy No. 15. page 286. 
The family of Brace is ancient in Herefordshire. A descendant rented 
a large farm under Alderman Harley, brother to the Earl of Oxford, under 
whose patronage a son rose by his merit to the rank of Admiral. J. B. 

Chap. VI. 

Page 288. note g. 
The illuminated pedigree has since been discovered. See note to 
Book II. chap. iii. 

Page 298. 
Agnes Kinverston. See Chauncey, Herts, p. 502. 

Page 301. 
In the constitution of the society of Jesuits, the Provincial was only 
subject to the General, who had five assistants, one for Italy and Sicily : 
a second for Portugal and Brasil ; a third for Spain, Sardinia, and the 
Indies ; a fourth for France ; and a fifth for the north of Europe. All the 
places which were under the government of one Provincial composed one 
province, though in different countries. The English province, besides 
the colleges in England, had others in various countries ; in Flanders and 
Liege, at Liege, St. Omers, Watenes, and Ghent: at Rome: in Spain, at 
Madrid, Valladolid, and Seville. Besides these there were the Irish col- 
leges at Salamanca, Santiago, Seville, and Lisbon, and the Scotch colleges 
at Rome, and Douay. There were two territorial provinces in Belgium, 
Flanders, and French Flanders, in which the Jesuits' English province 
was interspersed. Imago Societatis Jesu. 1626. pages 242, 248. a very 
curious book. 

Page 305. 
From the time that Doctor Smith quitted the country in 1629, "o Ca- 
tholic Bishop resided in England till the reign of James the Second, when 
John Leyburn was consecrated at Rome, Episcopus Adrametenus, in 
1685, and by commission, Apostolic Vicar in England. He came over 
the same year, had apartments assigned him in St. James's Palace, and an 

392 ADDITIONS, &c. 

income of a thousand pounds a year. After the revolution he continued 
in England till his death in 1703, and being an old man of a quiet dispo- 
sition was little disturbed. Dod's History, vol. iii. p. 167, &c. 

Chap. VII. Of various Blounts. 
Page 342. Genealogy, No. 18. 
Note to " John Blount, Clerk of the Counter, married Anne, daughter 
" of Thomas Latter." His epitaph is different in Stow's Survey of Lon- 
don, 1618, p. 538. " Here lyeth John Blount, citizen and cloth worker 
" of London, eldest son of William Blount of Mauggaresfield in the 
" countie of Gloucester, Esquire, who had to wife Anne Layton, of 
" whom he had issue six sons, and eight daughters. He died May 5th, 
" 1599, aged 63." 

Page 348. 
12 Rich. II. Thomas Blount and Isabella his wife, demised to Sir 
Hugh Burnell, and Jocosa his wife, the manor of Great Bradelegh, with 
the advowson, dated Bradeleigh. Seal, quarterly, a bend, impaled with a 
saltier, ingrailed. Dodsw. vol. 30. f. 31. John de Segraves, and Margaret 
his wife, died 27 Edw. III. 1353, and left great possessions. Escaet. 

Page 356. 

This Thomas le Blund was probably the husband of Juliana de Ley- 

There was a Thomas le Blount, Vicar of Bookham in Surrey, presented 
31st of July, 1324, by the Abbot and Convent of Chertsey. Stratford 
91. b. Bray's Hist, of Surrey, vol. ii. p. 916. And a Stephen le Blount, 
Rector of Leatherhead, presented 3d of April, 1330, by King Edward III. 
Ibid. p. 680. 

Page 36\. 

The Alicia le Blound, in the 10th and 13th years of Edw. I. was the 
widow of Lord Ixworth. 

ADDITIONS, .Sec. 393 

Page 364. 
40 Edvv. III. William le Blount was the son of Thomas, of the Belton 
branch, and is there introduced. 

Page 365. 
1 Hen. IV. Sir Thomas Blount is now ascertained in the Belton branch. 

Page 36?. 
Fawngape is probably Fown-hope in Herefordshire. J. B. 


Extracts from the Hundred Rolls, which were a general survey of the 
kingdom taken in the seventh year of Edward the First. Only those 
for the comities of Bedford, Buckingham, Cambridge, Huntingdon, 
and Oxford are now extant. 

A t ol. I. 

Upon the Inquisition before the Justices in Eyre for Buckinghamshire, 
Simon Blound in Hugendon made default, page 23. 

John Blound in the hundred of Erie, page 44. 

In Lincolnshire, in the Wapentake of Manle in Lindeseye, John Blount 
paid 2s. p. 374. 

In Bedfordshire, Richard le Blount with others distrained two mares, p. 2. 

Hugh le Blund held a virgate of land by his wife, and Bertram le Blund 
held a quartal. p. 326. 

In Kent, in the Hundred of Alolvesbrig, it is presented that Simon 
David the Under-Bailiff of Master Lawrence de Stokenesshe had imposed 
upon Eglantine the relict of Adam le Blund, alleging that she had re- 
tained the rents of our Lord the King, though she owed none, and would 
not give him the sheaves in autumn, and he took from her Ss. on that 
account, p. 228. 

In Gloucestershire, Penyard, John le Blunt held of the king in capite 
12 acres of land, and his heirs are in the custody of Thomas Fitzwarin. 
p. 176. b. 

The Vill of Pokelechirch. The manor of Manogodesfeld, which now is 
in the hands of David le Blund. 

3 E 

394 ADDITIONS, &c. 

The Constable of Canterbury castle unjustly took of William le Blunt 
Is. p. 201. 

In Kent, Hundred of Hearn, Nich. Pandherst took of Elias le Blund 
6d. p. 230. 

Hundred of Cbilford, John le Blund held of Earl Waren 39. p. 413. 

Hundred of Rulingdon, Richard Blund, and his brother William, un- 
lawfully attached, p. 218. 

In Herefordshire, Thomas le Blund, and John le Blund, on inquisitions, 
p. 18.5. 

Norfolk. Robert le Blund unjustly fined 4-s. p. 476. 

Hamo de Denton and William le Blunt, Bailiffs of the Countess of 
Arundel, and Earl of Warren, p. 47-5, 522, 523. 

The land of Robert le Blount of Feldon did suit to the Hundred, and 
paid 4s. p. 436. 

Yorkshire. Walter de Stokes, the mayor of York, Robert le Blund, and 
others, had in prison Henry the son of Adam de Grimeston, a thief, who 
began to indict (accuse) some of the mayors of York, and when the said 
Bailiffs heard that they had indicted such, they immediately hung him. 
p. 126. 

Lincolnshire. Roger le Blund, William le Blount, p. 270, 276, 2S3. 

Stephen Blundus. p. 371. 

Arnold Stuternus et Smerdasle Blund of Estriche, merchants, permitted 
to export 80 sacks of wool. p. 370. 

Essex. In the village of Sheneford, William le Blund had encroached 
on the King's highway by half an acre. p. 137- 

Vol. II. 

Wiltshire. Michael le Blont on an inquisition, p. 245. 

Robert le Blont did suit to the Hundred of Calne for his tenement, 
p. 247. 

Peter le Blund, Walter le Blunt, and Robert, jurors, p. 276, 259, 279- 

Richard le Blunt held half a knight's fee at Hochelhampton. p. 235. 

Suffolk. Hubert le Blund alienated the view of Frank Pledge of the 
village of Great Aysfield, held of the king, sc. the Abbey of St. Edmund's, 
p. 154. 

Oxon. Andrew le Blount holds Kingeston. p. 43. 

ADDITIONS, &c. 39^ 

Many other persons of the name of Blount occur, as holders of cottages, 
and occasionally mentioned as jurors, and in other unimportant situations. 

Inquisitio7is Post Mortem, in the reigns of Richard II. and Henry IV. 
in the Records published by Parliament, vol. Hi. the two first volumes 
having been extracted in the history. 

Richard II. 

1st year. Richard Blount held a messuage and ten acres of land at 
Wyldene in Bedfordshire, as of the honor of Peverell. p. 6. 

2. Sir John Blount held diverse messuages at London in the parishes 
of St. Mildred in the Puletrie, £±. and £"J . of quit rent, from tenements 
in the parish of St. Vedast, and two marks of rent from a tenement in St. 
Mary of Wollechurchawe's and St. Mildred's, and 6s. Sd. rent from a 
tenement in the parish of St. Christopher. 

In Wilts, Bevensbronk manor, lands in Calston, 305. rent in Devyses, 
Ronde, and Parkland, near Devyses. p. 17- 

4-. Edmund Blont and Margaret his wife, Button als Bitton in Glou- 
cestershire, half the manor, a messuage and half a virgate of land, half 
Fylton manor, the manor of Aylminster, and suit of court at Hamburg. 
p. 28. 

John Blounde, the prior of St. Trinity, London, and others, held Edel- 
meton in Middlesex, p. 33. 

7. Sir John Blount held Beversbronk manor, and the rent of divers free 
tenants at Calston. p. 63. 

12. Thomas Blont held in London a tenement in Conyngeshope Lane, 
in St. Mildred's parish. In Essex, Willynghale Spaigne, and Willynghale 
Doe, one messuage, three acres of meadow, one acre of wood, and seventy- 
six acres of ploughed land ; Gangejoiberd Laundry, one messuage, twenty- 
eight acres of ploughed land, and six acres of meadow, p. 109- 

12 and 13. Richard Blount held at Wyldene in Bedfordshire, a mes- 
suage, eighteen acres of ploughed land, and three acres of meadow, another 
messuage with a croft, and twenty-seven acres and a half of land of the 
honor of Peverell. p. 100, 112. 

22. Amongst the fees of William Earl of Stafford, Maimtesfeld, half a 
fee held by Edmund Blont. p. 248. 

3 E 2 

396 ADDITIONS, &c. 

Amongst the lands of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, in Suffolk, one 
tee and a quarter in Bychamwell, Caldecote, Fordham, Opewell, Outwell. 
Wyram, Crimplesham, Bokeswell, and Derham. p. 242. 

William Blont held two parts of the manor of Button, p. 22S. 

Henry IV. 

3. Isabel, daughter and heir of William Blunt. Button &c. p. 2S3. 

In the Inquisitiones Nonarum, 15th Edward III. William de Blount was 
one of the assessors of the nones for Worcestershire. 

Testa de NevilL 3 Edw. I. of the Barony of William de Beauchamp, 
Henry Lovet held one fee in Hampton (Lovet), and Robert Lovet held 
the third part of a fee in Norlei' Fenham, in Rutland, p. 39, 40. 

In the Escaet. 43 Edw. III. 1369. Elmeley Lovet belonged to Thomas 
de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, and in the 2d of Hen. IV. 1401, 
Fikenapletre, al. Thykernappeltre, belonged to Thomas de Beauchamp. 







Extent of the Honor of Saint Valor i. 

WHATEVER might have been the original extent of the Honor of 
Saint Walory, it seems to have received great additions. In the inquisi- 
tion taken upon the death of Edmund Earl of Cornwall, in the asth 
year of Edward I. a amongst his immense possessions it appears under 
two heads, besides some separate articles. The first is intitled, De Red- 
dilibus forinsecus pertinentibus ad Honorem Sancti Wallerici. In 
Oxon, Fulbroke, Horsepath, Worton, Sherborne, Forsthull, Estroppe, 
Haleghton. In Berks, Pusey, North Osney, Gerndon Maner, Westbury, 
Radeclive, Thornton. In Northamptonshire, Siresham Maner. In 
Southamptonshire, Depdene. In Wilts, Colket. In Oxon, Berton, 
Rouleston, Thorp, Wythall, Hampton, Karfalton, Somerford, Worton, 
Puttes, Estroppe, Nortonbrume, Carswell, Burton, Clanfeld, &c. Combe, 
Chulworth, Wodepery, Wodeton, Stodely, Ashe. De Reddit' ut supra, 
Berks, Elfinton, Hinton, Kirthingdon, Westbury, Dodford. In South- 


Norton, J- terr &c. 


re, J 

No. 44. Inquis. vol. i. p. 156. 


The second head, Feoda pertinentia Honori Sancti Wallerici. Oxon. 
Norton juxta Hampton dimid. feod. Forthull 5 pars feod. Bereford 
Sancti Michaelis, et Newenton un feod. Thorp juxta Codlington 2 partes 
feod. Forsthull 2 partes feod. Karsington dimid. feod. Whithall 4 
pars feod. Norton Brune dimid. feod. Clanfeld, Burton et Puttes 2 
feod. Halton, Combe et Chulworthe un feod. Esthall 5 pars feod. 
Esthrop 4 pars feod. Felbrok, Wotton dimid. feod. Bildington et Senvvell 
dimid. feod. Sherburne 10 pars feod. Wighthull, dimid. feod. Ashe 3 pars 
teod. Horstaple unum feodum, Wodepery, Hampton Gay, dimid. In 
Berks, Purley dimid. et 4 pars feodi, Hinton unum feodum et 4 pars. 
Harewell dimid. feod. Elinge. In Southamptonshire, Norton et Sutton 
unum feodum, Dumier unum feodum, Depeden unum feodum. In Bucks, 
Radecliffe et Chaukemore unum feodum et S pars, Westbury unum 
feodum, Haselegh et ibidem unum feodum. In Northamptonshire, 
Syresham dimidi feod. In Berks, Hasewell ecclesia, Mixebury ecclesia. 
In Oxfordshire, Beckley ecclesia, Haloughton ecclesia, Horespath ecclesia. 

De terris ipsius Edmundi quae prius in vita sua alienavit unde 
Margareta uxor ejus petit dotem suam. Oxon. Ambresdon maner. extent 
cum ecclesia ibidem. 

Under the head of the Honor of Wallingforcl, appears Burncestre et 
Writhkirk, Burcestre, Stretton, Wrethaike, Chesterton, Ambresdon. 



Stodeleiense ccenobium in agro Oxoniensi. 


Bugdale Monasticon Anglicanum, vol. ii. p. 486. 

Notum sit omnibus tam praesentibus quam futuris, quod ego Bemardus 
de Sancto Walerico, dedi et concessi Deo et ecclesiae Sanctae Mariae de 
Stodley et sanctimonialibus ibidem Deo servientibus demidiam hidam terrae 
in Horton, eandem scilicet quam Normannus tenuit, tenendam in perpe- 
tuam elemosynam de me et haeredibus meis, liberam et quietam sicut 
elemosynam ab omnibus servitiis mihi et haeredibus meis pertinentibus, 
pro rege Henrico, et pro uxore sua, et pro liberis suis, et pro animabus 
patris et matris meae, et pro anima Matildae uxoris meae, et pro animabus 

ADDITIONS, &c. 1399 

antecessorum meorum, et pro ineipso, ct uxore mea Alanora, et proliberis 
meis; ut Deus det eis et nobis concedat vitam aeternam. His testibus, 
Roberto vicecomite de Bernard, Bernardo milite, Johanne de Occleia, 
Rogero de Sanford, Hereberto de Piry, Ernuitb clerico, Everardo de Albe, 
Hugone de Sancto Germano, et omni curia mea. 


Noverint universi, quod ego Thomas de Sancto Walerico concessi et hac 
charta mea confirmavi Deo et ecclesiae beatae Marias de Stodley et monia- 
libus ibidem Deo servientibus, locum et prioratum ejusdem loci, et dimi- 
diam hidam terras in Horton, quam pater meus Bemardus dedit eis, cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis, sicut charta ipsius Bernardi testatur, habendam 
et possidendam in puram et perpetuam eleemosynam de me et haeredibus 
meis, libere et quiete ab omni exactione, consuetudine, et seculari servitio, 
quod ad me et haeredes meos pertinet. Nee est praetermittendum, quod 
quotiescunque Priorissam eligere contigerit ad eundem Prioratum, de 
seipsis Priorissam de assensu meo, vel senescalli mei, si in Anglia non 
fuero, eligere licebit. Cum autem electa fuerit, ad praesentationem meam 
vel senescalli mei, domino Lincoln, episcopo debet praesentari. Et cum 
in Anglia venero, in Curia mea apud Oxoniam Priorissa comparebit 
factura mihi fidelitatem, quam facere tenetur. Praeterea concessi et 
quietum clamavi de me et haeredibus meis jam dictis monialibus totum 
pannagium de nutrimento propriorum porcorum suorum apud Stodleiam 
nutritorum, et de porcis nutritis in prasdicta demidia hida terrae. Ut 
igitur haec mea concessio et confirmatio in sua firmitate perpetuo perseve- 
ret earn fideli memoriae cum sigilli mei appositione commendavi. His 
testibus, Milone Capellano, Bernardo Capellano, Augustino Capellano, 
Radulfo Hareg tunc temporis Senescallo, Willielmo de Friencourt, 
Phillippo de Francer, Roberto de Chetwode, Radulfo filio Galfridi de 
Horton, Otewio de Ostall, Wilielmo filio Nicholai de Lega, Nicholao de 
Folebrok et aliis. 

The property of the Prior ij of Studley, in t/ie general survey made in 
tlie 7th year of Edward I. contained in the Hundred Rolls. 
Stodleye. Dicunt juratores, quod Thomas de Sancto Walerico fundavit 
Prioratum de Stodleye, super dimidiam hydam terrae, pertinentem ad 

400 ADDITIONS, &c. 

Horton, reddendo hide annuatim sibi, et heredibus suis, 3d. pro bydagio, 
et sectam curiae apud Beckel' semel per annum. Ita quod custodiam 
domus predictae dicto Thomas et heredibus suis tempore vaeacionis 
retinuit, et jus presentandi; quag custodia, una cum jure predicto, Ead- 
mundo Comiti post mortem dicti Ricardi Comitis Comubii patris sui 
descendit. Et sic ea tenet. Et sic est quod Beckeleye et Horton et 
supra dicta pertinentia tenentur per servicium feodi unius militis de 
domino Rege. 

Dominus Eadmundus Conies Cornubiae tenet de predicto honore 10 
virgatas terras in hamletto de Esses, quae pertinent ad prasdictam villam 
de Horton, de domino Rege in capite, per quod servicium vel pro quanto 
servicio regali nescitur, quae Nicholas de Esses tenet de predicto comite in 
capite per servicium militare, faciendo eidem comiti sectam ad curiam de 
Northosen' de tribus septimanis in tres septimanas, et unam sectam curiae 
de Beckel', scilicet ad visum Franciplegii, semel per annum, et pro hydagio 
2s. 6d. et servicium regale quantum pertinet ad medietatem unius feodi 
militis. De quibus 10 virgatis terra? Priorissa de Stodleye, Gulielmus 
Lock, et Petrus de Esses, tenent 6 virgatas terrae, in capite de predicto 
Nicholao, et sunt medii inter dominum Regem et Comitem. 


In Aldermanria Johannis Culvert. 

Abend. Item Priorissa de Stodleye tenet octo parva tenementa in 
Paroc/iid Sancti Aldati, quae ei dedit Robertus de Sancto Albano in per- 
petuam elemosinam, reddendo coquinario Abendoni 4*. et 6d. et ecclesiae 
praedicte (Sanctae Ebbe) 1*. per annum, et valent 2 marcs plus per ann. c 

Parochia Sancte Ebbe. Item, Gulielmus de Hackeburne tenet 1 
tenementum ad terminum vitas suae, et uxoris suae de Priorissa de Stod- 
leye per 1*. per annum, ut de capite, et non valet plus d . 

Item Johannes de Stanton tenet 1 tenementum, quod emit de Waltero 
de Elleswyll, et reddit eidem unum clavum gariofili, et Priorissae de Stod- 
leye 3*. tanquam capite, et ecclesiae Sancto Ebbe kd. ; et valet 5s. plus e . 

Sancti Aldati. Item, Matilda Staindelf tenet 1 tenementum heredita- 
rium, et reddit Priorissae de Stodley, 3s. et Andreae de Derant 10s. ut 
capite, et haaredibus Nichulai de Stockeville 9s. non valet plus. 

■ P. 789. " P. 790. ' P. 791- 

ADDITIONS, &c. 401 

Sancti Petri in Baly. Item, Adam London tenet 1 tenementum quod 
Johannes de Leycester dedit Ricardo filio suo, et reddit Priorissae de Stod- 
leye 5s, ut capiti, et Templo de Covele 3.?, et ecclesiae 6d. ; et valet IOa 
plus f . 

Summa reddituum Priorie de Stodleye 51*. 

Burgus Oxon. [Parochia Sancti Martini) Eynsbam. Stodleie. Ri- 
chardus Pach tenet 1 seldam de Abbate Eynsham, et ipse de dono Gulielmi 
Kepham, et Willielmus de Johanne Pady, et ipse de Johanne Halegod, 
et Johannes de Laurentio patre suo ; reddit dicto Abbati 12*. Et Agneti 
Halegod 2s, et Hugoni Harding Sd, et Priorissae de Stodleie 1*. 4c/. nesci- 
tur quo modo, et non valet plus ?. 

Parochia Sancti Michaelis Borealis. Priorissa de Stodleie tenet 1 
messagium de dono Johannis Pady, et ipse de Johanne Halegod, et Jo- 
hannes de Michaele patre suo, reddit Henrico Oweyn 8c/. et valet 20s. h 

Redditus et Tenementa Burgensium Oxon, que habent in dominico in 
Aldermanria Johannis de Eu, videlicet in la Northwestwarde in villa 

Willielmus le Espicer, habet quandam domum in parochia Omnium 
Sanctorum, quam emit de Willielmo Mannovers, et reddit inde annuatim 
Priorisse de Stodleye dimidiam marcam, in capite 1 . 

Oxon Villa. Fragmenta. Item Nicholas (Alius Nicholai le Chapeleyn, 
Aurifabri, Oxon.) tenet duas seldas in dominico in eadem villa in parochia 
Omnium Sanctorum, quas tenet ratione uxoris suae, filiae Hugonis le Duk, 
et tenet in capite de Priorissa de Stodleye, et Priorissa de Goringes, red- 
dendo utrique 8s. per ann. et valet 4s. k 

Johannes de London tenet unum tenementum in eadem in parochia 
Beatce Maria;, de Priorissa de Stodleye ad terminum vitae sue pro una 
marca, set qualiter predicta Priorissa ingrediebatur, aut de quibus tenetur 
in capite, sive in medio, aut per quod servicium, nescitur: et non valet. 
plus 1 . 

Tenementa Priorissa? et Conventus de Stodleye, quce habent in dominico 
in eadem villa. 

Eadem Priorissa tenet unum tenementum in eadem villa, in parochia 

< P. 792. a. b. s p. 795. " P. 796. ' P. 797. k P. 798. P. 799. 

3 F 

402 ADDITIONS, &c. 

Sancti Martini, de dono Galfridi de Hengseye, set de quibus tenetur in 
capite nescitur : et valet 20s. 

Item, eadem Priorissa tenet unuin tenementum in eadem villa, in paro- 
chid Sancti Aldati, quod datum fuit in predictam domum de Stoclle, cum 
una ancilla, et tenetur in capite de Abbate Abendoniae et Fulcone de Ru- 
kote, reddendo predicto Abbati 3s, et predicto Fulconi tres solidos, per 
annum : et valet 16*. 

Item, eadem Priorissa tenet unum tenementum in eadem villa in paro- 
chid Omnium Sanctorum, set qualiter habuit ingressum, aut de quibus 
tenetur, in capite, aut in medio, aut per quod servicium nescitur : et 
valet 4s. 

Summa 46s. m 

Redditus et tenementa Priorisse de Stodleye, que hubet in dominico in 

Oxon. in Aldermanrid Johannis de Eu, videlicet in lu Northwestward 

ejusdem ville. 

Eadem Priorissa percipit annuatim, de selda, quam Johannes Jordan 
tenet in parochid Omnium Sanctorum unam marcam et eadem Priorissa 
illam seldam habuit de dono Celinae filias Willielmi Wakeman in puram 
et perpetuam elemosynam. 

Item, eadem Priorissa percipit de domo Willielmi le Espicer, quam 
idem Willielmus emit de Willielmo de Munowers in eddem parochid, 
dimidiam marcam. 

Item, eadem Priorissa percipit de selda, quam Simon Gyffard tenet in 
Parochia Sancti Micliaelis borealis 7*. quo warranto nescimus. 

Item, eadem Priorissa habet quoddam tenementum in parochid Sanct<e 
Midrida', de dono Henrici Dame, juxta ecclesiam Beatae Mildridae, in 
puram et perpetuam elemosynam : et valet 5s. 

Item, eadem Priorissa percipit de quadam domo sua, quam habuit de 
dono Henrici Dame, in eadem parochia 90s. 

Item, eadem Priorissa percipit de domo Aliciae Dykun, in eadem pa- 
rochia, 10s. quo warranto nescimus. 

Item, eadem Priorissa habet quandam domum, in eadem parochia, que 
vocatur la Pyryhalle, quam habuit in puram et perpetuam elemosynam de 
dono Henrici Dame, et valet 18s. 

m Page 801. 

ADDITIONS, &c. 403 

Item, eadem Priorissa percipit de quadam scola, quam habuit de dono 
Willielmi Pille, in eadem parochia, dimidiam marcam. 

Item, eadem Priorissae percipit de quadam domo in parochia Sancti 
Petri orientals, quam habuit de Radulpho Carpentaria quondam Burgensi 
Oxon. quee est juxta aur. Walteri Attipiliere 12,?. 

Item, eadem Priorissa percipit de quadam domo in eadem parochia, de 
dono Henrici Dame 40s. et inde reddit Priori Sanctae Fredeswyde 13d. 

Item, eadem Priorissa percipit de quadam domo in parochia Beafce 
Virginis, juxta domum Angularem Universitatis, quam doraura dicta Pri- 
orissa habuit de dono Celinae Oweyn, 10s. 

Item, eadem Priorissa percipit de domo quam tenet Johannes de Ware- 
wyk in Cattestrete in eadem parochia 20cff . 

Item, eadem Priorissa percipit de quodam tenemento, in eadem paro- 
chia, quod habuit de dono Andreas Halegod 25s. 

Summa, "l. 13s. 5di. D 

Hundreda Domini Hugonis de Plesset extra portam Borialem, Oxon. 

Henricus Pille quondam tenuit uinim messuagium de Willielmo de Cru- 
pes, quod messuagium Juliana, relicta dicti Henrici, nunc tenet, reddendo 
in annum dicto Willielmo id. et Symoni de Walingeford 4*. et Priorisse 
de Stodle 4s. et Hugh de Plesset <2di. in capite, quo warranto dicta Pri- 
orissa dictum redditum recipit nescimus : et non valet plus. 

Robertus Viel quondam tenuit unura messuagium, cujus jus descendit 
Henrico filio suo, qui nunc tenet, reddendo in annum Priorissae de Stodle 
5s. et Hugoni de Plesset Id. sed quo modo, et quo warranto, dicta 
Priorissa dictum redditum recipit nescimus : et non valet amplius . 

Item, Rogerus Semer tenet hereditaria 7 acras prati, in Bissopescite, quae 
quondam fuerunt ex feodo Fulconis Basset, reddit Priorissae de Stodelie, 
ex dono Philippi Molendinarii, 4s. et valet 20c?. ultraP. 

Summa valoris reddituum Priorissae de Stodleie, extra portam borealem, 
in pratis, et cultura, et hujusmodi, 13.0 

Priorissa de Stodle tenet quatuor acras prati Oseney, reddens in annum 
Hugh de Plesset 15d. in capite. 

3 f 2 

404 ADDITIONS, &c. 


Ardidfle. Johannes de Heyer tenet 3 virgatas terras de Henrico de 
Haggel, et idem de Ricardo de Henry, et ille de Priorissa de Stodle 1 . 

Bekebrok. Priorissa de Stodle tenet in predicta villa 3 virgatas terras, 
de eodem Ricardo (de Wylamescote) et dant scutagium pro qualibet 
virgata terrae 2*. 6d. Et tenet in dominico 1 virgatam terras, et faciet 
sectam ad hundredam de Wotton de tribus septimanis in tres septi- 

Servi. Walterus le Geyt tenet de eadem Priorissa 1 virgatam terre 
pro 5s. operabitur, talliabitur, et redimet pueros suos ad voluntatem ejus- 
dem Priori ssas. 

Robertus le Berker tenet unam virgatam terrae de eadem Priorissa, 
eodem modo ut supra 8 . 

Manerium de Breliull. De sectis debitis, et ceteris. Dicimus quod 
Priorissa de Stodleya solebat facere sectam curiae domini Regis pro terra 
apud Esses, quam Robertus de Bosco tenuit, et subtraxit se per tres annos 
unde dominus Rex dampnificatur in tribus solidis per illam subtraxcionem, 
scilicet quolibet anno in 12 denariis". 

Hundr. de Brehul. Item dicunt quod moniales de Stodley sub- 
traxerunt sectam curias xv annis elapsis unde secta valet per annu 
xih/. u 

Cur. de Brehul. Moniales de Stodleye subtraxerunt sectam ad pre- 
dictam curiam scilicet de omnibus. Nesciunt, quo warranto*. 

Somerset. Hundredum de Wyleton. Priorissa de Stodlee habet mane- 
rium de Crancombe, quod tenet de Johanne de Bello Campo in capite, et 
habet ibi furcam, et assisam panis et cerevisie, jam quinque annis elapsis. 
Quod medietas manerii de Craucombe data fuit ad Prioratum de Stodlee 
per Godyfridum de Craucombe in prasjudicium Regis jam 20*. quinque 
annis elapsis. 

Quod Johannes de Sancto Walerico tradidit hundredum de Wyleton 

r P. 833. ' P. 857. b. ' P. 21. "P. 36. x P. 4?. 

ADDITIONS, &c. 405 

Waltero le Blount anno Regis nunc primo, tenendum ad firmam, ad 
dampnum totius Hundredi de 20.?. u 

Clanefeld. Priorissa de Stodley habet in Clanefeld sex solidos annui 
redditus, de 1 messuagio, et 4 acris terrae, unde Johannes de Norton est 

Otnel Joce tenet in eadem 1 messuagium, cum 2 acris terrae, de dicta 
Priorissa, et reddit dictae Priorissae per annum 12</. et predictum tenemen- 
tum habet dicta Priorissa de dono Philippi de la Batayle, in puram el 
perpetuam elemosinam 1 . 

Elsefield. Robertus Bastard, et Hugo de Stowode, tenent 1 virgatam 
terrae, cum pertinentiis, per uxores suas, quae fuerunt filiae et heredes 
Nicholai de Elsefeld, qui tenuit illam virgatam terrae de Priorissa de 
Stodlea, quae feoffata fuit inde per dominum Hugonem de Elsefeld, avun- 
culum domini Johannis de Elsefeld, veteris, in puram et perpetuam eie- 

Et Robertus Bastard tenet partem duarum sororum. Et Hugo de 
Stowode tenet terciam partem nomine Julianas uxoris suae, faciendo 
servicium predictae Priorissas 6s. 

Rogerus Morin tenet unum cotagium cum pertinenciis, et solvit Prio- 
rissae de Stodleye per annum L 2s. quae Priorissa feoffata fuit inde per pre- 
dictum Hugonem de Elsefeld 7 . 

Forsthulle. In Forsthulle sunt in hidae de feodo Sancti Walerici, qua- 
rum Priorissa de Stodleie tenet n hidas et Prior de Chaucombe i hidam 
de domino Comite Cornubiae et deffendunt pro tertia parte feod. un mil.* 

Dicunt juratores quod Comes Cornubii tenet in villa de Forsthulle. 
12 virgatas terrae, et unum boscum quod vocatur Hinhale &c. De qui- 
bus 12 virgatis terre premissis Priorissa de Stodleye et Conventus tenent 
quatuor virgatas terre, in villenagio, et boscum quod vocatur Hynhale in 

Item, Ricardus de la Wode tenet duas virgatas terrae de eadem Priorissa 
libere, et illud boscum quod vocatur Wodemaunehulle. a 

Langeporte, co. Bucks. Priorissa de Stodleye tenet duas virgatas terrae, 
et solvit per annum sex denarios, et habuit ingressum tempore predicti 

u P. 125. * P. 69-2. b. » P. 720. • P. 39. * P. 717. " P. 341 . 

406 ADDITIONS, &c. 

Stepelaston. Item Johannes Brun tenet 1 dimidiam virgatam terrae, 
reddendo inde lib cimini, et Priorisse de Stodley 22*. 

Cecilia Bemund tenet 1 virgatam terree cum pertinentiis de Priorissa de 
Stodley, reddendo inde 1 marcam, et dat scutagium quum currit. Item 
Priorissa de Stodley reddit domino capitali pro predicta terra 6d. c 

Hundreda de Hickshulle, co. Bucks. Dicunt quod Johannes filius 
Bernardi tenet per sergenciam Eston et Hilmere. Et Albreda de Jarpan- 
wile amita sua dedit in villa de Hilmere 1 virgatam terrae, in puram ele- 
mosinam, Priorissae de Stodleya. 

Takele. Priorissa de Stodle tenet 1 virgatam terras de (Waltero Bovile) 
pro uno obolo per annum. Eadem Priorissa tenet de eodem dimidiam 
virgatam terre pro dimidia libra pi peris. 

Johannes de Barton tenet de eadem Priorissa 1 virgatam terre pro 14*. 
per annum ad voluntatem dominae, et hydagium 3d. et scutagium \5d. et 
pro warda quadrantem. 

Willielmus Bate tenet dimidiam virgatam terrae de eadem, pro 7*. ad 
voluntatem domina?, et hydagium \\d. et scutagium Tkd* 

Thomele. Priorissa de Stodleye tenet de domino dimidiam virgatam 
terra? cum pertinentiis, reddendo inde per annum \d. 

Priorissa de Stodle recipit servicium de Dionisio Geri scilicet 6d. Et 
Dionisius acquietabit scutagium quod currit quantum pertinet ad idem 
tenementum e . 

Wichele. Hamelet pertinens villas Derneford. Priorissa de Stodleye 
tenet Wichele hamelet in capite de Roberto Maudut, et fuit feofata in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam de dono Eve de Grey pro presbitero 
celebrante inperpetuum. 

Vilenagium. Robertus Asseby tenet 1 messuagium, et 1 virgatam terre 
in vilenagio in Wichele de Priorissa de Stodley, et solvit 12*. per annum, 
et ad scutagium 2*. Roberto Maudut, et hydagium 6d. 

Alexander de Wichele tenet 1 virgatam terrae de eodem pro eodem 

Simon de eadem tenet 1 virgatam terre de eodem pro eodem servicio. 

Matthias de Wichele tenet 1 messuagium, et 1 dimidiam virgatam terra? 
de eodem, et reddendo predictae Priorissae 6s. per annum, et ad scutagium 
1*. et ad hydagium 3d. 

«P. 863, b. * P. 858, 859. b. e P. 714. b. 

ADDITIONS, &c. 407 

Willielmus de eadem tenet dimidiam virgatam terrte de eodem pro eodem 
servieio f . 

Wooton. Walterus Thorkeyl tenet 1 virgatam terrae de Priorissa de 
Stodleye, reddendo domino Regi annuatim 6d. et 1 porcariam in 
autumno, et dicte Priorisse 7s. Et dicta priorissa feofata de Dyonisia de 
Haneberg in puram et perpetuam elemosynam. 

Robertus Marescallus tenet octo acras terrae de Priorissa de Stodleye 
reddendo eidem annuatim 6d. s 

Wendleburij . Johannes Pakeman tenet dimidiam virgatam terrae de 
Priorissa de Stodle de feodo Elianorae de Luci, et solvit Priorissse 10s. 
per annum h . 

Hundreda de Werminstre, co. Wijltes. Item, villata de Corselegh 
solebat esse in manibus Regum predecessorum Regis, pertinens ad mane- 
rium de Werminstre, donee Rex Henricus predictus dedit illam cuidam 
Henrico Dodeman Normanno, quam Priorissa de Stodlegh nunc tenet de 
dono Godfredi Craucumb in elemosinam. 

Item, Priorissa de Stodlegh tenet dimidium feodum militis de Rege in 
capite in Corselegh in dominico. 

Item, quaedam secta debita ad hundredum predictum de villa de 
Corselegh subtracta est per Godefridum de Craucumb per terminum 40 

Item, Priorissa de Stodlegh habet furcam, assisam panis et cervisii, in 
Corselegh per cartam Regis Henrici, patris Regis qui nunc est. 

Item, Priorissa de Stodlegh habet warrenam apud Corselegh, per 
cartam Regis Henrici patris. 

Dicunt quod Godefridus de Craucumb alienavit Priorissas de Stodlegh 
manerium de Werminstre in elemosinam in prejudicium Regis, &c.' 

Wijnchedone de sous. Dionisia, que fuit uxor Roberti de Tortiham, 
tenet in eidem villa dimidiam virgatam terrae de PriorissA de Stodleye, 
reddendo quinque solidos per annum: de feffatore Priorissae nichil scimus 
nee inquirere possumus". 

408 ADDITIONS, &c. 

The Valuation of the Priory of Studley, upon the Survey made by the 
Act of Parliament of the 26th year of Henry VIII. granting the 
first fruits and tenths to the King. 



The true Valure of Issus, Revenus and Profyhts of all Possessions 
Spirituall' and Temp'alx. And of all other Proflfyhts belonging to the 
seid Priorie. 

In Spiritualibus. „ 

1 £. s. d. A. s. d. 

In primis, the parsonage of Beckeley, the glebe of the 

same, and all prediall tythes in the towne of Beckley, the 

parke excepted, set to ferme to Richard Reve, for 10 

quarters rye 40s. and 14 quarters barly 4Z. valued at 6 

Item of the same parsonage in the hands of the seid 

Priorisse, all oblacions in the seid churche, all tythes in 

Horton, Studeley, and Marlake, which be communibus 

annis as folowyth, viz. in offrings upon Ester daie, 7 0| 

Item in offrings in the churche uppon the 3 other offring 

daies 18 0| 

Item 15 tyth lammes 11 

Item 1 totld and dimidium tyth woll . . . . 16 10 

Tyth for Beckley parke 113 4 

Ty the in Marlake 13 4 

In the town of Oxon, viz. in parochia Sancti Martini 1 
In parochia Omnium Sanctorum . . • .354 

In parochia Sancti Petri 13 

In parochia Sancti Mildred 10 

In parochia Sancti Ebbe 8 

16 15 11 

Annual Deduccions out of the forseyd Spiritualties. 

In primis Episcopo Lincoln, pro indempnitate EcclesiiE 
de Beckeley 10 

Item decano et capitulo ejusdem ecclesiae Lincoln, pro 
consil' indepn' 034 

ADDITIONS, &c. 409 

Item Abbati de Osney pro porcione decimarum 

Item Archidiacono Oxoniensi pro sinodalibus et procu- 


Item solutio vicario perpetuo ecclesiae de Beckeley 

Summa dcducionum spiritualium 

Et remanet 

f. s. 

d. £. 



1 2 









n \ 

In Temporalibus. 

In primis for the manor of Craucombe in Comitatu 
Somerset given to the Monasterie ad vestiendas moniales 20 18 11 

20Z. 8s. lid. lib. pepperis, perquisits of Courts 10s. . 1 lb. of pepper. 

Item the manor of Corseley in Com. Wilts gyvyn to the 
seid Monasterie to find 2 priests singyng for Godfrey 
Craucombe, and to find 2 tapres brennyng at altar masses 
40s. and to find a lamp 20*. brennyng continually before the 
sacrament and to the kychen for the fraternity 4/. is in value 
by the yere of rent of assize 23/. 12s. 0^d. 2 lbs. pepper. 
Item the perquisits of the courts 10s 23 2 0J 

Stodeley, Horton, with divers forren townes in the counties of Bucks, 
Oxon, Warwick, videlicet, 




£. s. 


In Long Compton 




In Staunton 


In Wroxton 



In Sakeworth 


In Ardeley 


In Wynchindon 


In Steplebarton 


In Kymbell 



In Steple Aston 




In Ilmer de pencione 

In Wotton 





In Wyghtly 


In IlmerdeliberoredtlituO 2 

In Begebroke 




In Botilclaydon 


In Chesterton 




In Overhayford 


In Wyndylby 


In Westcott Fairford 


In Tackeley 


De porcione in Tydyn- 

In Okeley 






In Belgrave 





In Beckley 



In Forstell 



Horton and Studley 

3 14 


In Ellesfeld 



In Lamporte 



9 0* 




ralium .... 



3 G 

410 ADDITIONS, &c. 



£. s. d. £. s. d. 
In primis 13 small close aboute the monasterie con- 
teyning by estimacion 74 acres, and a close in Marlake, 
conteyning 40 acres in pasture ground every acre at 12 
rent 6130 

Item in arable ground 180 acres every acre at 4rf. to 
rent 3 

In molendinis .068 

Summa omnium dominicalium .... 908 

Summaspiritualium, temporalium, et dominicalium 103 16 5 

Summa temporalium ...... 85 10 8 

spiritualium . . . . . . 16 15 11 

Deducciones Temporales. 
In primis to Mr. James Hadley Stuard of the forseyd manor of 

Craucomb .......... .100 

Item to the recever there . . . . . . . .080 

Item seniscallo manerii de Corseley ballivo Waltero Hungerford 

Militi 10 

Item receptori ibidem pro feodo suo . . . . . .16 8 

Item reccptori redditus ville Oxon. . . . . . 13 4 

Item receptori redditus in comitatibus Bucks, Oxon, and Warwick 1 6 8 

Item in feodo Magistri John Par, senescalli monasterii predicti 1 O 

In feodo Richardi Crispe auditoris ibidem . . . . .10 

Item solutio Magistro Sancti Johannis Jerusalem in Anglia pro 

parcella terrc vocata Hoggeshawe in Claydon . . . . .018 
Item domino Kegi ad manus vicecomitis Bucks 6s. et ad visum 

franci (plegii, sc.) tentum apud Halton infra Honorem Walingford 6s. 12 
Item domino de Corse de redditu resoluto . . . . 11 6 

Ecclesia; de Cracomb ..... .... 1 9 

Collegio de Brase de redditu resoluto per annum . . . .020 

Ballivis ville Oxon per annum . . . . . . .028 

Item domino Regi solutio ad curiam Swanimot forestae de Barnewood 

Shoteover pro denariis vocatis Lcff Silver . . . . 10 

ADDITIONS, &c. 411 

£. s. d. 

Summa deduccionum temporalium . . . 9 16 3 

Summa deduccionum spiritualium ut in primo folio . 10 5 1 1 g 
Summa omnium allocationum tarn spiritualium quam 

temporalium . . 20 2 2| 

Summa 102 6 7 

Reprisiones 20 2 2| 

Et remanet 82 1 W 

Decima pars inde S 4 5J 

Per me Richardum Crispe auditorem ibidem *. 

To this may be added the sums received from Colleges in Oxford. 

Collegium Regine. Item Monasterio de Studeley in Com. Oxon. pro 
quieto redditu imperpetuum ..... ... 3 

Collegium Animarum Omnium Fidelium Defunc. Item solulio pro 
quodam annuo redditu imperpetuum Priorissce de Stodeley . .16 8 

Collegium Lincoln. Item Priorissa; et Conventui de Stodeley et 
eorum successoribus pro quieto redditu per annum in perpetuum .010 

Novum Collegium. Redditus resolutus Priorisse de Stodeley pro 
domo in tenura Willelmi Weste 8s. et parcella gardini Collegii per 

annum . 1 8 

(This 20s. was the pension paid for Sheld Hall,) 

Monasterium de Osney; an annual pension to the Prioress and 
Convent of Studley per annum b . . . . . . .12 

Soon after this valuation, was passed the act for the suppression 
of the lesser monasteries, of revenues not exceeding two hundred 
pounds a year, 27 Hen. VIII. ch. 2S. There was a clause which 
empowered the King, by his letters patent, to continue such reli- 
gious houses as he was not disposed to have suppressed, and by his 
letters patent of the 17th of August 1536, he confirmed five abbies, 
and sixteen nunneries, which had been reported by the commissioners 
as more regular than the others'. In the list of the monasteries which 
were so confirmed, and upon the certificates of the commissioners 
were assigned and appointed to stand by the King's commandment, 
is " the Priory of Studley nuns," and John Wylliams was appointed 

• Valor. Ecel. vol. ii. p. 186. b Ibid. p. 230, 237, 239, 256, 222. 

' Burnet, vol. i. p. 224. 

3 G 2 

412 ADDITIONS, &c. 

to the same, whether as the intended grantee, or in what other capacity, 
does not appear. In the general suppression, two years afterwards, those 
reserved monasteries were abolished likewise. 

The surrender of the Priory to the King by the Lady Johanna Willyams, 
styling herself Prioress of the House or Priory of nuns of Studley, of the 
order of Saint Benedict, and the Convent of the same place, is dated in 
the Chapter House, the 19th of November, in the 3 1st year of Henry VIII. 
1539. Sealed and delivered in the presence of George Holland, Notary 
Public, by the King's authority. See an etching of the Conventual Seal, 
from the original deed of surrender in the Augmentation Office. 

Pensions for life were assigned to the Prioress and seven nuns from the 
Court of Augmentations, thus entered in the pension book, f. 107. 

The late Pryorye of Studley in the Count ye of Oxon. 
Pencions assigned by the Commyssyoners at the dissolution of the 
same unto the late Pryoresse and Systers ther to be payde unto them 
yerely duryng theyr lyves at the ffeast of the Annunciacion of owre Ladye 
and Seynt Michaell the Archangell by evyn porcions. The ffirst pay- 
ment to begynne at the feast of the annunciacion of owre Ladye in the 
xxx ist yere of owre sovereyn Lord King Henry the VIII. That is to 

£. s. d. 
Furst, to Johanna Williams, late Pryoresse there ... 1658 
Item, to Alyce Richardson, late Subpryorisse ther . . . 2 13 4 

Item, to Margaret Walsshe 2 

Item, to Alice Yomens 113 4 

Item, to Elizabeth Bolde 1 6 S 

Item, to Margaret Wythyll 1 6 S 

Item, to Susan Denton I 6 8 

Item, to Frydeswyde Copcote 1 6 S 

Summa 28 

Johannem Williams 


jR. Gwent 

i Johanr 

vWillielmus Cavendvssh, 

Per Nos. v T 

mnem Carleton 

ADDITIONS, &c. 413 

Additional Notes relating to Studlet/ Priori/. 
Page 408. 

A manuscript amongst the Glynne papers in the archives of Sir Gre- 
gory Osborn Page Turner states, that the honor of Saint Walery belonged 
to Wigod de Wallingford, in the time of King Edward, and was given bv 
him with his daughter Aldith in marriage to Robert d'Oilly in 1075, who 
gave it to John de Ivery in 1077. and that John, and not Roger, was the 
sworn brother of d'Oyley. It states John to have died in 108.5, without 
issue, that he was succeeded by his brother Hugh, who died in 1091, and 
left a son, Roger de Ivery, who married Adeline de Grentmaisnel, and 
died in 1096, leaving Robert de Ivery, who died in 1 138, and a daughter 
married to Alberic de Vere. Robert had Jeffrey de Iveri, who died without 
issue in 11.56. Dunkin's History of the Hundreds of Bullington and 
Ploughley, 1823. 

That d'Oyley's friend was named John, is stated by Leland, and 
Dugdale. Roger is supported by Domesday-book, Camden, the Oseney 
Register, Kennet, and Warton. Hist. Kiddington, p. 34. As Kennet had 
access to the Glynne papers he probably saw the manuscript, and upon 
comparing it with other evidence, considered it as erroneous. 

1. In Domesday-book it appears that the honor of St. Valori belonged 
to a Saxon named jElveva, in the time of Edward the Confessor, not to 
Wigod de Walingford. 

2. The MS. states John not to have died till 1085, but in Domesday- 
book, of which the Oxfordshire part was supposed to be finished in 1084, 
(Kennet,) Roger is stated as the owner of Beckley. According to that 
account, Hugh was the father of Roger, and did not die till 1091 ; it is im- 
probable that Roger should have been the Lord of that honour till his 
father's death. 

3. Roger de Iveri is styled Pincerna in a deed of 10S2. (Kennet, p. 69-) 
This office was hereditary, and attached to a Lordship in Normandy, and 
it is not probable that he would succeed to it till his father's death ; but if 
Hugh was his father, he did not die till 1091. Roger, supposed by Kennet 
to have been his father, died in 1079- 

4. Roger, in his Charter of Confirmation of tithes to the Church of St. 
George, deduces his title immediately from Robert d'Oyley, and does not 

414 ADDITIONS, &c. 

mention any ancestors, neither his supposed father Hugh, or his uncle 
John, the supposed first purchaser, (Kennet, p. 60.) So Geoffrey in his 
Charter, (Kennet, p. 714.) transferring the tithes to Oseney Abbey, men- 
tions only the Grant of d'Oyley, and that of Roger de Iveri his father. 

Page 4-lS. 

Subsequent to the grant of Edward VI. this manor by the Inquisitio 
Post Mortem, 2 Eliz. p. i. no. 150, appears to have been the property of 
Lord Williams, probably by purchase from Sir Walter Mildmay. Lord 
Williams left two daughters; Isabel, married to Sir Francis Wenman, and 
Margaret, to Sir Henry, afterwards Lord, Norreys. The manor of Beckley 
went to Lord Norreys. Inquis. 

Page 42 1 . 

Nicholas de Anna was presented to the Rectory of Ambroseden by 
Richard Earl of Cornwall, under a dispensation from the Papal Legate to 
hold it with the church of Beckley, to which he had been presented by the 
Prioress and Convent of Studley, in 1226. He was succeeded by Robert de 
Anna. Reg. Line. 

Page 4,21. 

The nuns recovered seisin of the Church of Beckley against the King, 
and the Master of the Temple. Reginald de St. Walery gave the Church 
of Beckley to the Knights Templars of the Preceptory of Sandford before 
1274. His deed is in the Chartulary of Sandford. Bib. Bod. MS. Wood, 
Empt. 10. 

R. de Sancto Walerico omnibus, &c. Sciatis me dedisse fratribus 
Templi Ecclesiam de Beckel, pro anima mca et pro anima Bemardi filii 
mei, &c. &c. et pro omnibus illis qui mecum Iherosolym' contendere 
cupiunt. How it returned to the family does not appear. Walton's 
Hist, of Kiddington, 1815. p. 34. note. 

Godfrey de Craucumbe gave also the manor of Corsley in Wiltshire to 
find two priests to sing for his soul in the conventual church, and to find 
two tapers of forty shillings value to burn at high mass, a lamp of twenty 
shillings to burn continually before the sacrament of the altar, and to the 

ADDITIONS, &c. 415 

Kitchen of the Community £i per annum. And in 1241, the King granted 
them a charter of manorial rights, Pat. 26 Hen. III. m. 6. 

In 1253 Laurence de Brok sued the Prioress for 1 virgate of land in 
Ludeswell. The event does not appear. Placit. Dom. Wert. 37 Hen. III. 
Rot. 6. and 3S Hen. III. Rot. 3. 

In 1258, the Prioress paid a fine for lands in Gatheley. Fin. Oxon. 
42 Hen. III. No. 3. 

In 1280, the Prioress was sued respecting lands in Weylone Somerset- 
shire. Placit. Somerset, 8 Edw. I. Assis Rot. 7- et Rot. 34 dorso. In 
1281 were some disputes about two virgates of land in Corsleigh. Placit. 
Wilts 9 Edw. I. Assis Rot. 20. 

13S3. From an inquisition it appears, that the tithes of the King's Park 
at Beckley belonged to the nuns of Studley. Esch. 7 Rich. II. No. 99- 

1388. The Prioress and Convent conveyed a tenement at Oxford called 
Sheld Hall, to the Warden of New College, for an annual pension of 
twenty shillings. Pat. 12 Rich. II. p. 2. m. 5. Gutch's Hist. Oxford, 
p. 182. 

1389. The King granted a licence to John Reedwood, William Bekens- 
feld, and John Cok, to settle upon the nunnery 12 tofts, 2 cottages, 2 car- 
rucates of land, 10 acres of meadow, and 6 of wood, in Ash, in Bucking- 
hamshire. Pat. 13 Rich. II. p. 2. m. 17- 

1410. The nuns repaired Perry Hall in Oxford, the society being in- 
corporated with those of St. Mildred. Rot. Pergam. de Comput. Re- 
ceptoris Priorissos Stodley. 

1509- The Chancellor of Oxford commanded J. Walker, receiver of 
Studley Priory, to repair the highway between Lincoln College and Depe 
Hall. Peshall's Oxford, p. 99. Depe Hall was near University College. 

1530. St. Mildred's Hall belonged to Studley, and was deserted by Scho- 
lars. Peshall, p. 35. 

In 1363. 37, 38 Edw. III. Upon an inquisition at Brill, on the state 
of Bernwood forest, before AVilliam of Wykeham, Keeper of the King's 
forests on this side Trent, it was found that the village of Studley should 
pay 13s. 4>d. the villages of Ashende, and Merlake 6s. Sd. to John Ap- 
pulby for agisting their cattle there. Cartul. Borstal], f. Ixi. Kennet, p. 
497- In another inquisition 1364, the Prioress of Studley had a hedge too 
high about her close ofWestmoor, that the King's deer could not enter 

416 ADDITIONS, &c. 

it. Ibid. p. 499. The Prioress had a wood called Lynhale, within the 
Forest of Shottore. p. .500. 

Page 437- 
The fragments of the Priory at Studley were discovered in the founda- 
tion of a wall and other places. A few of them are of the Saxon archi- 
tecture, and executed with great sharpness, taste, and elegance ; most of 
them are of the early Gothic. It should seem therefore that a great part 
of the buildings was erected subsequently to the first foundation. The 
fragments of extremely large Gothic windows probably were parts of the 
east, or west, windows of the Conventual Church. The pieces of pave- 
ment are of what is usually called Norman pavement, in which the figures 
are not painted, but inlayed with clay of different colours. The work- 
manship is extremely rude. Perhaps they belonged to the Conventual 
Church. The ornaments are chiefly circles, and such simple forms. 
Amongst them are several representations of lions rampant : as that was 
the coat of arms of Richard, King of the Romans, it is not improbable 
that he built, or at least improved, the Conventual Church. There 
are besides, falcons, and a stag, the usual marks of Noblemen. Above 
a bushel of these tiles have been found, and they occur continually 
in digging. They are some of red, others of a bluish brick, and about 
three quarters of an inch in thickness : at the back are holes, apparently to 
prevent their cracking in burning. The materials of the ornaments, which 
are yellowish, seem of a harder nature than the tiles, which are worn away 
from them. Some of them are glazed, and I believe they were all so ori- 
ginally, but the glazing has decayed. Two, the third and fourth in the 
third line, are of finer materials, like Dutch tiles, highly glazed, and painted 
in blue, green, brown, and yellow. In digging near the house, on the east 
side, many skeletons are found, much decayed ; and no remains of coffins 
appear : it was perhaps the cemetery. Six feet below the surface, part of a 
stag's horn of a large size was found, killed probably before the founda- 
tion of the Priory, when the whole country was in a wild state, and the 
Saxon Kings hunted in Bernwood Forest. 



No. [. 


Lambert, chap. 15. 

oICUT in veterum annalibus legimus, et a grundaevis patribus quandoque audivi- 
mus, multorum annorum labente curriculo, postquam pise recordationis et colenda- 
memorise Comes Vvalbertus, qui Pontivi, et Sancti Pauli, Ghisncnsiumque preeerat 
et principabatur terras, facta secundum Dei voluntatem in terris dispensatione, car- 
nis debitum solvit: fuit quidam de nobilissimo Francorum genere oriundus in 
Pontino praepotens Comes, nomine Willermus. Qui cum virtute corporis non 
minus quam nobilitatis genere famosissimus existeret, et longe lateque admodum 
polleret, et fama personaret; cumque sibi sua non sufficerent. sed in adjacentia 
multa vi et fortitudine manus extenderet, Boloniensium vastitatem suis subjugavit 
et continuavit interstitiis Qui etiam cum ex veterum relatione cognovisset, quod 
antiquus predecessor suus Comes Vvalbertus olim tantae virtutis extilisset, quod 
usque ad mare occidentale sive juste sive unjuste suas dominationis extendisset et 
exercuisset potentiam, hoc idem concepit, et quoad ipse potuit suae satisfecit et ob- 
temperavit voluntati. Hie siquiilem Willermus cum quatuor haberet filios, primo- 
genito, eo quod circa miliiiam in equis et armis glorioso jocundaretur affectu, ut 
pote digniori digniorem et excellentiorem suae dominationis partem qua 1 nunc Pon- 
tinorum terra nuncupatur, distribuit. Secundo, vero, eo quod venatoriae occupationis 
studiis applicuisset animum et nihil sine canibus jucundum esse assereret aut delec- 
tabile, nemorosos terrarum saltus, qui nunc Boloniensis terra dicuntur, feodalem 
contulit donationem. Tertio autem, quia circa agricultural), et in frumentis colli- 
gendis et servandis curiosus existebat, Tervanensium fines, qui usque hodie Sancti 
Pauli vocantur comitatus, in feodum dedit perpetuum. Quarto etiam nichilominus 
eo quod in armentis et pecoribus nutriendis totam pcrfunderet intentionem, terram 
in parte monticulosam, et rapeis" et bosculis obsitam, a<rro< etiam pascuos, gurgi- 
tosam marisci planitiem, quae nunc temporis Ghisnensis terra nominatur, cum se 
daturum disposui?set; audiens Sifridum a generosi Comitis \ r valberti sanguine pro- 

a Rapeium. Locus sentibus et dumis obsitns. Ca-pentier Gloss. 

758 APPENDIX, No. II. 

deuntem de Dachia nuper advenisse, et Ghisnensium fines ipso ignorantiam simul- 
ante in manu forti viriliter et juste obtinere ; sibi timuit, et mutato sapienter con- 
cilio, Sifridum in pace sub Flandrensis Comitis Arnoldi Magni protectione per- 
mittens, filio suo videlicet quarto filiam Reinaldi de Sancto Walario desponsavit 
uxorem. Haec itaque de veterum annalibus, non de opinione vulgari, contra Bolo- 
nienses dicta sufliciant. 

No. II. 

Lambert, chap. 7. 

Quomodo Sifridus de Dachia in Ghisniam venil. 

92S. Anno igitur dominicse incarnationis nongentesimo ferme vigesimo octavo, 
dum jam dictus Amoldus magnus Flandrensibus imperaret, et pise recordationis 
Episcopus Stephanus pastoralem baculum in Morinorum bajularet ecclesia, vir 
quidam animo nobilis, et genere spectabilis, a ssepe dicti Vvalberti, Pontivi quidem 
et Tervannici populi, sive Sancti Pauli, atque Ghisnarum comitis sanguine (licet neg- 
ligentibus et nobis aemulantibus longa retro series videatur, veritatis autem genealo- 
giam scripto recordantibus, et verum verisimile adliuc in memoriam conservantibus, 
satis memorabile pro certo cognoscatur et teneatur) ducens originem, nomine Sifri- 
dus, qui eo quod regi Dachorum plurimis servivit annis, agnominatus est Dachus, 
vir quidam in bellicis apparatibus admodum strenuus, et per totam Dachiam, utpote 
?iepos b et cognatus germanus Regis, et collateralis, et a Rege secundus, famosissimus 
extitit et nominatissimus : cum diutino, diutius sustinuisset, et hinc illinc in auribus 
famaj rutilante penna, et verissima scripti genealogici assertione de praedecessore 
suo, Comite videlicet Vvalberto, et filio ejus Berlino, nee non et de fratre ejusdem 
Yvalberti, Pharone, et Phara, sorore, similiter eorum, rei percepisset eventum, et 
Flandriie Comitem, Arnoldum Magnum, sicuti et praedecessores suos, Ghisnensis 
terra; Comitatum, quern hereditaria successione ad sespectare et pertinere didicerat, 
injuste sibi usurpasse, et adhuc in sua ditione tenere cognovisset, relicta Dachia, et 
regalis honore curia?, congregatis militibus et satellitibus tam sui generis quam 
alieni, terram Ghisnensem, utpote suam, et liereditario jure sibi et antecessoribus 
suis relictam et debitam, et ad se justissime pertinentem, et ad hajc ipsum expectan- 
tem, licet adhuc sylvestrem et incultam, et paucis habitatoribus habitatam, nullo 
habito Pontivi, aut Tervannensis sive Sancti Pauli Comit;itus respectu, properanter 
adiit, et occupavit. 

In his preface, Lambert says, Sifridus de Walberti cognatione progenitus non 

b In the middle ages, nepos signified a first cousin, as well as a nephew. Nepos, filius fratris, aut sororis. 
Item, patruelis, vel consobrinus. Gall, cousin -gcrmair). Du Cange, Gloss, in voce. 

APPENDIX, No. III. 7,59 

dubitatur, et demum post multos annos in hereditatem paternam apud Ghisnos 
longd expectation repromissus, ignorante Flandriee Comite Arnoldo magno, vel 
vetulo, cum gaudio est receptus. 

Lambert, chap. 8. 

Qiwmodo Sifridus apud Ghisuas dunjonem fecit etfossato circumcinxit etjirmavit. 

Et cum prasdecessorum negligentia terram videret immunitam, et hostium quo- 
rum libet circumquaqueassultibus perciperet expositam, et cum Ghisnarum oppidum 
nullius valli aut firmitatis aggere vallatum f'uisset aut munitum, in eo firmissimum 
munitionis aggerem primus elevavit, et fossatu duplici circumcinxit, et sepivit. Et 
inconsulto Flandriaj Comite Arnoldo magno, totam terram Ghisnensem sibi nimi- 
rura ut debuit appropiiavit, et suae dominationis vendicavit arbituo. 

No. III. 

Lambert, chap. 9. 

Qiiomodo Arnoldus Magnus agre tulit, cognito quod Sifridus apud Ghisnas domi- 

Audiens autem Flandriae Comes Arnoldus Magnus sive Vetulus Sifridum Ghis- 
narum praeessc dominio, admodum stomachatus, et amaritudinis et indignationis 
zelo tumefactus, vix impunitum patitur Sifridum. Sed primo accelerans multos 
nuncios, euro ad se accersiri fecit. Susceptis igitur Flandrensis domini cum 
jocundiiate et exaltatione nuntiis, Sifridus non obturatis auribus nuntiorum audiens 
legationem, et tanti principis aliquatenus jam intelligens indignationem, uti moris 
est viri sapientis, cum prudentioribus terras sequitur, consulens diligenter ab iis 
quid facto opus sit. Collectis ergo juxta prudentium, et majoris authoritatis 
seniorum consilium, cognatis et amicis suis propinquioribus, vel sibi conscius Sifri- 
dus, aut timens, sed in Domino Deo, et in potentia virtutis ejus semper gestans 
fiduciam, Flandrensis dominationis principem confidenter adiit imperterritus, eteum 
in villa Sythiu, ubi frequenter idem princeps conversationem liabuit, inter primos 
provinciae proceres exultantem invenit, et ludicris intendentem. Quern ut vidit 
Sifridus et agnovit, ad memoriam revocans quod audaces fortuna juvat, 6 digne 
memorandam animosi viri audaciam ! aurlacter in medium prosiliens, satis eleganter 
et urbane submisso ob reverentiam principis capite, ei valedixit et suis. Milites 
vero simul et Flandrensis Curiae proceres, quos Sifridus ut prudens et providus in 
suum adsciverat et praemunierat adjutorium, nihilominus et herilis memorati 
principis comitatus benigno favore, virum recipicntes et venerationis attentionem 

760 APPENDIX, No. IV. 

ei exhibentes studiosae cautela sedulitatis suo eum commendare principi satagebant. 
Quippe Dacorum Regis frater quidani Cnutus nomine Sifridi nepos et cognatus 
germanus et amicus proximus, cui Sifridus dum adhuc in Dacia maneret sedulum 
ssepius exhibueref obsequium, coram principe cum aliis adstans militibus, cum eis 
opitulationem pro eo fudit ad principem adeo ut mitigata principis ira, et indigna- 
tionis furore fugato, dignas venerationis viro Sifrido propitium et pacificum vultum 
exhibuit, et apprehensa ejus dextera vicem salutationis ei rependit et suis. 

Chap. 10. 
Quod fact i sunt amici Amoldus Magnus et Sifridus. 

Facti sunt itaque sub ilia die amici, et Sifriilus Flandrensium Principi super 
Ghisnensis terra? dominium debita cum reverentia primus pra?stitit hominium; 
adeptusque est tanlam ejus gratiam, quod ab eo in socium detentus honoris, et 
familiaris ejus est effectus et domesticus. Et quoniam consilio discretus erat, pru- 
dentia clarus, largitate profusus, in tota Curia Flandrensi post primum et re et 
nomine annumeratus est secundus. Tandem reverendissimo Flandriae Comite 
Arnoldo Magno de medio facto, remansit Sifridus cum Balduino filio ejus. Et 
quia pater ejus eum ferventi dilexerat amore, et in multis et prse multis honoraverat, 
ipsum ampliori venerabatur dilectione, ardentiori diligebat affectu. 

No. IV. 
Chap. 11. 

Qjiomodo Sifridus imprcegnavit Elstrudem et apud Ghisnas mortuus est. 
Habuit autem jam dictus Comes Balduinus mirae pulchritudinis sororem a Bal- 
duini Ferrei quondam uxore Elstrude nominatam Elstrudem, cujus Sifridus nimio 
languebat amore. Cui post multa amoris colloquia, furtivaque ardoris oblecta- 
menta demum nolenti velle, immo nolle volenti, sine vi ludendo vim intulit, et earn 
clanculo impregnavit. Re autem in propatulo habita et manifestata, Sifridus sibi 
metuens, et Comitem et Dominum praestolari non audens, in patriam reversus est, 
et Ghisnas usque pervenit. Ubi aliquandiu morbo languens occulto et intemperato 
ejus quern reliquerat amore, alterum Andream exhibens Parisiensem, miserabili 
morte defunctus est. Balduinus quoque Flandriae Comes, dominus ejus, paucis 
interjectis diebus, concepto variola; morbo mortuus est. 

Extract from the Chronicle of the Abbey of St. Bertin, written by Simon, and con- 
tinued by John D'Ipre, Abbots of that place. 
Post hoc bellum cruentissimum, et Normannorum conversionem, miles quidam 
de Norinannorum reliquiis, qui hoc monasterium et patriam cum Danorum exer- 

APPENDIX, No. V. 761 

citibus frequenter affligendo destruxerat, nomine Sifridus Dacus, cum sua turma 
hue rediit, et Ghisnas villam et patriam occupans, nobis abstulit, sibimetque 
usurpavit, sedem suam in ea posuit, tuitionem et castrum construxit, et se Ghisna- 
rum Dominum appellavit. Cui cum Abbas nosier Adololphus, et Monachi pro 
suo posse resisterent, ipse Sifridus ad Arnulfum Flandrise Comitem se transtulit, 
qui eura secum retinuit. Sciebat enim eum virum fortem, et in armis strenuum. 
Cumque a domino Abbate nostro Comes Arnulfus frater ejus fuisset requisitus, ut 
rem suam sic violenter ablatam eo juvante recuperare posset, Arnulfus Comes non 
solum non reddi fecit, sed ipsum Sifridum in facto suo penitus sustinuit, et eum ad 
fidelitatem et homagium de terra Ghisnensi recepit. 

Sifridus iste Ghisnarum praedo huic sacrilegio plura facinora superaddens' 
domino suo praedicto Comiti Arnulpho sic infidelis extitit, quod filiam ejus pul- 
cherrimam Elstrudem nomine circumveniens, clanculo impraegnavit, Qua re scita, 
Comes contra Sifridum fremens inardescit. Sifridus vero Comitis indignationem 
fugiens in Ghisnas rediit, ubi laqueo se suspendit. Estruda autem Comitis filia 
veniente partus sui tempore filium peperit, qui vocatus est Ardulphus. Sic Estru- 
discum nota verecund'132 canos patris doloribus afficiens, reliquum vita? suae peregit. 
Hoc est initium Ghisnarum Comitum, quorum primus fuit esse bastardus Ardul- 
phus. From Du Chesne, Preuves, page 8. 

No. V. 

Lambert, cbap. 16 

Igitur Ghisnensis Comes factus, et fastuosam tarn Flandrensis quam Boloni- 
ensis gerens nobilitatis superscriptionem, animosus extitit, acer et bellicosus. Quippe 
cum a Flandrensibus, qui ab Imperatoriae nobilitatis sanguine, a Regibus quoque et 
Ducibus descenderunt, et originem duxerunt; et a Boloniensibus, quorum auctor 
cum non Cycni phantastici , sed veri et divini ducatu ccelitus advectus, Boloniensi- 
bus generosas propaginis et divinas nobilitatis originem indidit, ct divinae et humana? 
generationis stemmate polleret, gladiaturam, pomposi nominis heres et geniturae, 
ob nativitatis insigne praeconium, cum extollentise fastu in longis et remotis terra- 
rum tractibus, et finibus, sub nobilibus Regibus et Principibus, opportune et im- 
portune, studiose, diligenter, imo ardenter exercuit. 

c I do not understand what this alludes to. The readings are different in the two copies which I have seen. 
In Ludewig's edition, it is, quorum auctor cum non phantastici sed veri. Iu the extract of Duchesne, quorum 
auctor Cycni phantastici sed veri. 


No. VI. 

Lambert, cap. 17. 

Rosella a roscido odore vel a roseo colore nominata. Ex qua suscepit nobilem 
virum Eustacium, aliosque in bellicis armis et apparatibus patris non degenercs fi- 
lios, et venustce faciei et laudatissimas formas filias. De quibus fastidium vitantes 
et dispendium, nostri non refert propositi, nee locus est dicendi singulariter per 
singula de singulis. Enimvero cum de eis nihil dicere proposuimus, pennam sub- 
trahimus, ut morosius Eustacio primogenito scriptoria penna observiamus. 

No. VII. 

education of Eustace's children. 

Lambert, cap. S3. 

Uxor Susanna, filia Camerarii Flandriae, nobilissimi Sigeri de Gherminiis. 
Omnes filios et filias liberalibus literarum studiis adprime imbuendas tradidit 
pater eorum Eustacius. Filios autem militaribus elementis inter primos Flandriae 
juvenes erudivit, et ad unguem edoceri procuravit. 

No. VIII. 


Tandem hujus nostri occidentis tenebras Deus volens Marcianensi lumine mi- 
sericorditer illustrare, primo quidem per lumen cereorum crepusculo et noete me- 
ritum sub spina quiescentis pastoribus revelavit, postmodum per somnia et visiones 
aegrotas attraxit, et optata sospitate donavit. Ad ultimum, Principem terra, Comi- 
tero Balduinum, hujus nominis prinium, ad inventionem corporis sacri in corio 
cervino consuti, cum tota terras nobilitate, et promiscui sexus universitatecoaduna- 
vit. Statim omnibus constitit astantibus de merito thesauri inventi, tarn perevidentia 
scriptorum indicia, quam per miracula multipliciter patrata. Comes jubet thesaurum 
sublevari, et ad castrum suum Gisnense transferri, et in capella sua reponi : nee 
valet ullaienus a loco sublevari. Suburbium sui castri, ubi in ejus honore Abbatia 
monialium, Comes nominat, vovet, et Sanclae donat: etsic iterum conatusattemptat, 
sed in vanum laborat. Comes de novo bijram jubet praeparari, par bourn jugo ea- 
tenus insuetum bigas apponi et prasponi, sacrum corpus biga? superponi sine au- 
riga3 officio subvehendum, ubicunque illud Divina Providentia dirigi vellet, et trans- 
ferri. Thesaurus dies occultatus ex facili subvehitur, plaustro recenti decenter im- 
ponitur, solo Deo auriga, ad capellam beati iNIedardi, sitam super clivum nunc in- 
fra Andrensis monasterii septa conclusum, par bourn progreditur, et ibidem immo- 
bilis Dei nutu tenetur. Thesaurus deponitur, et ibi honeste et devote reponitur. 
Et ita in brevi capella in Ecclesiam convertitur. Inchoatam ecclesiam Comes de 
bonis suis ditat et donat. Barunum et optimatum nobilitas donis suis Comitis 



donum nobilitat. From the Chronicle of the Abbey of Andres, in the 
Guisnes, written by William, Abbot of it. Duchesne, Preuv. p. 22. 

•unty of 

No. IX. 

From the Archives of the Abbey of St. Leonard of Guisnes, transferred to Bourbourg. Ibid. p. 38. 

In nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti, Amen. Filiorum prudentum est 
patrum suorum spiritualium devote obedire ammonitionibus, et justis eorum con- 
siliis acquiescere, et Sanctis voluntatibus. Unde est quod ego Manasses Ghisnen- 
sium Comes, et Emma Comitissima uxormea, homincm laicum altaria she decimas 
juste possidere non posse a viris religiosis edocti, altaria quaedam et decimas, qua' 
aliquandiu per peccatum tenuimus, ad honorem et servicium Dei informare curavi- 
mus. Ecclesiam namque de Niguentonia cum omnibus ad earn pertinentibus, ter- 
ris, videlicet, decimis, nemoribus: Ecclesias quoque sive capellas de Alschot et 
Celpham, nee non decimas de Herst et Bliseinghes, Monasterio Sancti Leonardi, 
quod in proprio allodio nostro apud Gliisnes Dei auxilio construximus, ad usus 
Sanctimonialium inibi Deo perpetuo famulantium per manum domini Guillelmi 
Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi, et Henrici Archidiaconi sui dtdimus, et nihil juris 
sive potestatis in eis nobis retinuimus. Nos quoque ut hoc donum ratum et incon- 
vulsum perpetuo maneret, et ne ab aliquo malivolo infringi in posterum posset, si- 
gillorum nostrorum impressionibus munirimus, et ut idem Guillelmus Archiepisco- 
pus auctoritate sua et privilegio roboraret impetravimus. Hujus donationis testes 
fuerunt, Balduinus Constabularius de Ostervic, GurrVidus, et Henricus frater ejus, 
Uvillelmus Dapifer, Eustachius de Balinghehem, Uvidode Elembon, et alii plurimi. 

Actum est hoc anno Domini MCXX. 


764 APPENDIX, No. X. 

No. X. 



From an ancient register in the Chancery of France. Duchesne, Prev. p 293. 

Universis prassentes literas inspecluris. Arnulphus Comes Guinensis salutem 
in Domino. Noveritis quod cum propter debitorum immensitatem, in quibus tene- 
bar, sum, et eram obligatus, sub hypoteca speciali et expressa omnium bonorurn 
meorum mobilium et immobilium, erga homines meos Communitatum quatuor ban- 
norum terrse Guinensis, et alibi, ad tantam necessitate m et inopiam devenissem, 
quod nee mihi, nee uxori meae, ncque familiae meaepoterat de ipsius terrae fruetibus 
et exitibus in necessariis provideri, neque vitae necessaria aliquatenus ministrari, 
solutionis insuper dictorum debitorum aditus mihi aliquatenus propter seris alieni 
cumulum non pateret: Summa et diligenti deliberatione praehabita, ne finaliter 
me oporteret turpiter mendicare, considerans me positum in tantae paupertatis ar- 
ticulo, excellentissimo domino Philippo Dei gratia Francorum Regi vendidi, tra- 
clidi, et concessi quicquid juris, dominii, et possessions habebam et habere poteram 
in villis et territoriis de Guinis, de le Montoire, de Tornehem, et in pertinentiis 
dictorum locorum, in quibuscunque rebus, tarn castris et fcrtalitiis, maneriis, do- 
mibus, quam nemoribus, pratis, terris, vivariis, aquis, censibus, redditibus, juribus, 
feodis, i-etroi'eodis, justiciis, serviciis, et redevanciis quibuscunque existat: quarum 
rerum fructus, exitus et proventus asscro valere mille trecentas libras Paris, vel 
circa quolibet anno. Vendidi etiam et concessi eidem domino Regi prgedicto 
quicquid juris habebam et habere poteram, ratione quacunque vel causa, in tota 
terra totoque Comitatu Guinensi, in quibuscunque rebus, tarn castris et fortalitiis, 
maneriis, domibus, quam nemoribus, pratis, terris, vivariis, aquis, censibus, reddi- 
tibus, juribus, feodis, retrofeodis, justiciis, serviciis, et redevanciis, quibuscunque 
existat, habendum, tenendum, et possidendum, eidem domino Regi, et ejus ha;re- 
dibus sive successoribus, et causam ab ipso habentibus, jure hereditario in perpe- 
tuum pacifice et quiete, ad voluntatem suam penitus faciendam. Pro tribus mili- 
bus libris Paris, mihi vel heredibus meis a dicto domino Rege persolvendis, vide- 
licet ad festum omnium Sanctorum proximum quingentis libris Paris, et ad festum 
Resurrectionis Domini postea sequens aliis quingentis libris: et sic deinceps duobus 
annis sequentibus eisdem terminis totidem, Parisiis apud Templum, quousque de 
dicta summa trium milium librarum Paris, sit plenarie satisfactum. Et pro mille 
libris turon. ab ipso domino Rege mihi in quocunque statu existam quandiu vixero 
persolvendis quolibet anno Parisiis apud Templum, duobus terminis, videlicet me- 
dietatem ad festum Pentecostes, et aliam medietatem ad festum Purificationis bealae 

APPENDIX, No. X. 765 

Marias virginis. Quam pecuniae summam mille librarum turon. Aelipdis uxor 
nostra, si supervixerit mihi, annuatim dictis terminis apud dictum locum Parisiis 
quandiu ipsa vixerit, percipiet et habebit. Dum tamen dotem seu dotalitium sibi 
in rebus venditis supradictis contingentia velit domino Regi praedicto, et ejus he- 
redibus dimittere penitus et quittare. Alias idem dominus Rex dictam summam 
pecuniae mille librarum turon. eidem Aelipdi post decessum meum solvere minime 
tenebitur. Acto etiam expresse in venditione praedicta, quod ipse dominus Rex 
tenetur me omnino deliberare et acquitare erga homines et communitates quatuor 
bannorum terras Guinensis praedictas super omnibus debitis et obligationibus in 
quibus eis tenebar ex quacunque causa vel ratione : et etiam erga omnes alios, qui- 
bus super terra Guinensi praedicta tenebar, seu teneor in redditu aliquo oblrgatus 
ad vitam. Et per eandem venditionem tenetur saepediclus dominus Rex quoddam 
manerium competens mihi concedere et assignare, in quo habitare valeam, et 
quandiu vixero solummodo commorari. Transferens in eundem dominum Regem 
per praesentis instrumenti traditionem quicquid juris, proprietatis, dominii, et pos- 
sessions habebam, vel habere poteram in praemissis, et quolibet praemissorum, ra- 
tione quacunque, sub quocunque existant dominio, et a quibuscunque tenean- 
tur, &c. Et in hujus rei testimonium et munimen, eidem domino Regi dedi 
praesentes literas meo sigillo proprio sigillatas. Actum Parisiis anno Domini 
mcclxxxii. mense Februario. 


In Latin verse, preserved in the Chronicle of tlie Abbey of Andres, and written about 
the year 1282, in the time of Count Arnold the Third. 

Fluribus ex annis, sic fantur scripta Johannis, 
Qui fuerant quondam Comites, in carmina fundam, 
Ghisnensis terra;, fortes in tempore guerrae. 

Primus Sifridus, Ardulphus, et inde Rodolphus, 1,2, 3, 

Eustatius, Baldevinus, fundator honesti 4, 5, 

Andrensis templi, Manasses sextus et Emma. 6, 

Hi duo struxerunt templum Sancti Leonardi. 
Albricus, Baldevinus, qui praefuit Ardae. 7, S, 

Hi fuerunt Comites non re, sed nomine tantum. 

Inclytus Arnold us, de Ganda qui veniebat, 9, 

Hie prius in terra quae nunc sunt arma gerebat' 1 : 

Came from Ghent, and before he was Count of Guisnes, bore the arms which have continued 1 
u whence he came, that is, those which the Chattellains of Ghent bore. Duchesne, p. 302. 


Filius illius Baldevinus generosus 
Hunc sequitur, probitate pari nimis generosus. 
Nobilis Arnoldus, mitissimus atque benignus, 
Postea processit, ccelesti munere dignus. 
Huic Baldevinus successit, pacis amator, 
Concilii speculum, probus in terra moderator. 
Egregiusjuvenis, Arnoldus nomine diclus, 
Imperat huic terras. Valeat, vivat benedictus, 
Tredecimusque Comes extat. Sit Justus ad omnes. 

Hie Baldevinus, Comes inclytus, intumulatur, 
Sub quo Ghisnia, florida patria, pacificatur. 
Cujus subsidiis Caesar, Rex, Dux, hilaratur, 
Andria protegitur. Super aethera suscipiatur ! 
Annus millenus ducentenus quadragenus 
Quartus cum Christo stat in ejus funere plenus. 

Infortunatus Arnoldus postea natus, 
Undique vexatus, et ab omni parte gravatus. 
Hinc Baldevinus facto patris sine terra 
Vixit, et inde pius Johannes, cui quoque guerre*. 

No. XI. 


Duchesne has not given these instruments, he has only described them. II est 
vray que depuis le mesme Roy (Jean) ayant este pris a la bataille de Poitiers, il 
l'aliena avec d'autres pays et contrees pour satisfaire au traite de sa delivrance. 
Car on trouve des Lettres passees a Bologne le vingt-sixiesme jour d'October l'an 
mille trois cens soixante, par lesquelles il manda au Bailly d' Amiens qu'il baillast 
au Roy d'Angleterre la possession de la Comte de Guines, et des Terres de Calais 
et de Mercq. Et par d'autres il enjoignit a ses amez et feaux le Sire de Fiennes son 
cousin, Connestable de France, les Seigneurs de Fraville, de Licques, de Colambert, 
et a tous les autres Barons, Chevaliers, et autres nobles de la mesme Comte de 
Guines et des terres et Chastellenies de Calais, de Mercq, de Hames, de Coloigne, 
Vvale, Oye, et Sangate, qu'ils obei'ssent audit Roy d'Angleterre. Lequel en suite 
establit Mathieu de Salpervvic son souverain Bailly en cette Comte, commeenseigne 

e Duchesne, Preuvis, p. 285. The two last paragraphs from Hie Baldevinus are evidently subsequent addi- 
tions. The first jart is an epitaph upon Baldwin III. 


un Acte du quatriesme jour de December l'an mille trois cens soixante-deux. 
Duchesne, page 181. 

No. XII. 


Extracted from the Catalogue des Holies Gascons, Normans, et Francois, conserved 
dans les Archives de la Tour de Londres. London, 174.3, by T. Carte. Tlie Har- 
leian MSS. and other authorities. 

1393. 17 Ric. II. De concedendo Abbutissa? et Monialibus domus de Guysnes 

quod ipsse et domus sua salvae sub pace Regis durantibus guerris per- 

maneant. 29 A p. 
1422. 10 Hen. V. De officio Capitalis servientis forestes et villa? de Guynes, con- 

cesso Johanni Bromley. Vol. i. 368. 
135.5. 29 Edw. III. De tractando de reparatione bastidse' juxta Guisnes. 11 Jun. 

Vol. ii. p. 58. 
De Capiendo Johannem Danseye Capitaneum de Guysnes, 

pro bastida juxta Guysnes comburenda contra formam treugarum. 

15 July. Vol. ii. 58. 
1358. 32 Ed. III. De constituendo Radulfum de Ferrers, Capitaneum et Custo- 

dem castri et villa de Caleys, necnon castri de Guynes, et fortaliciorum 

de Merke Colne, Oye, et Sanrigate. 16 Mar. Vol. ii. p. 67. 

1360. 34 Ed. III. De officio Sergtntia? generalis Castellaaice de I'Angle in domi- 

nio de Guynes, coinmisso Nicholao de Mol. 20 Jan. P. 78. 

1361. 35 Ed. III. De constituendo Henricum Lescrop, Gubernatorem et buper- 

visorem castrorum, villarutn et aliorum locorum in dominium de Merke, 

Caleys, Hammes, Sandgate, Coloignes, Walle, Hove ac castri et 

comitatus de Guynes. 6 Feb. P. 82. 
1371. 45 Ed. III. Pro Johanne de Harleston, Capitaneo villas de Guynes, de 

victualibus ducendis absque custuma reddenda. 9 Dec. P. 105. 
1.373. 47 Ed. III. De constituendo Joh. de Bureley, Chivaler, et Job. Geans 

Dominum de Gomeins, Capitaneos bominum ad arma et sagittariorum 

in villa Calesias, in comitatu de Guisnes, et in dominio de Gierke. 

3 Oct. P. 1 1 1 . 
1374. 48 Ed. III. De Custodi castri de Guysnes, commissa Jobanni de Hai 

20 Aug. ?. 113. 

f Muuitiones, fortificstior.s. Ducanee. Or. a/am. Eodem. 


1378, 9. 2 Ric. II. De constituendo Robertum de Asshton Custodem castri de 

Guysnes. 22 Feb. P. 128. 
1386, 7. 10 Ric. II. De custodia castri de Guysnes, commissa Thomas Talbot. 

1 Mar. P. 155. 
De custodia castri de Guysnes, commissa Johanni Drayton, 

Militi. 31 Jan. P. 155. 

1390, 1. 14 Ric. II. De custodia castri de Guysnes commissa Thomae Swyn- 

bourne, 14 Oct. P. 163. 

1391, 2. 15 Ric. II. Willelmus Clyfton, Armiger, qui in comitiva Thomae 

Swynbourne, Militis, Capitanei castri de Guysnes, moratur, habet 

literas de protectione. P. 164. 
1393, 4. 17 Ric. II. De Herbagio indominiode Merke, Oye, Sandgate, Guysnes, 

et Hamraes capiendo contra adventum Regis. 26 Jun. P. 167. 
De custodia Hospiialis de Santyngfeld in comitatu de 

Guysnes, concessa Johanni Spaigne. 4 Sep. P. 168. 
De custodia castri de Guysnes commissa Philippo de la 

Vache, Militi. 8 Nov. P. 168. 
1395, 6. 19 Ric. II. De Assignando Capitaneum de Guysnes ad supervidendum 

loca et domos prope cestrum ibidem, quia inimici facerunt ibidem per 

diversas vices, &c. 19 Jan. P. 172. 

1398, 9. 22, 23 Ric. II. De custodia castri de Guysnes concessa Willelmo Les- 

crop Comiti de Wilts. 20 Feb. 

1399. 23 Ric. II. De custodia castri de Guynes in Picardia, commissa Johanni 

Norbury, Armigero. 21 Aug. P. 177. 

1399, 1400. 1 Hen. IV. De constituendo Johannem Norbury, Armigerum, cus- 
todem castri de Guysnes. 25 May. P. 180. 

1400 2 Hen. IV. Quand vint a Pasques (qu'on compta mil quatre cens) le Roy 
de France, son frere, leurs oncles, et leurs consaux, entendirent que 
les Anglois, Gens-d'armes et Archers, passoient la mer, et se mettoient 
dedans Calais, et dedans Guines, Oyse, Meleth, Hames, et Bauclugehen, 
et aussi pourvoyent les lieux grandement. Si fut fait un commande- 
ment par tout le Royaume de France a tous Chevaliers, et Escuyers, 
que tous fussent pourveus pour monter a cheval pour aller la ou on 
voudroit mener ou envoyer. Tous se pourveurent, et par especial sur 
la frontiere de Boulongnois, et de Guines, et sur toute la marine. 
Froissart, vol. iv. ch. 117. page 31!). Ed. Sauvage, 1574. 

1401, 2. 3 Hen. IV. Pro Episcopo Roffensi, &c. &c. Johanne Norbury, Capi- 
taneo castri de Guynes, &c. &c. ad exigendum pecuniarum summas 
pro redemptione Johannis quondam Francorum Regis ad hue debitas. 
1 Nov. Carte, p. 182. 


1401, 2. 3 Hen. IV. Willelmus Ingham, Armiger, qui in comitiva Johannis 

Norbury, Armigeri, capitanei castri de Guysnes moratur, habet literas 
de protectione. 14 Jan. P. 183. 

1402, 3. 4 Hen. IV. De Constituendo Capitaneos castrorum Calesiae, Guysnes, 

et Hammes, Conservatores treugarum cum Francia. 18 Nov. P. 184. 
1404, 5. 6 Hen. IV. De ordinando Perrinum de Loharenc, Armigerum, Procu- 

ratorem Regis ad prosequendum coram Conservatoribus, de et super 

metis Marchiarum de Picardie, et de terris comitatus de Guisnes, 

usurpatis per Adversarium Franciae. Nov. P. 188. 
1406, 7. 8 Hen. IV. Willelmus Hody, et Johannes Wolf, Armigeri, qui in 

comitiva Thomae Lancastre, Capitanei castri de Guysnes morantur, 

habent literas de protectione. P. 193. 
1409, 10. 11 Hen. IV. Thomas Barton, qui in comitiva Thomae de Lancastre; 

Capitanei Castri de Guysnes moratur, habet literas de protectione. 

26 Ap. P. 199. 
1410,11. 12 Hen. IV. Richardus Wydeville, Armiger, qui in comitiva Thomae 

de Lancastre, Capitanei castri de Guisnes, moratur, habet literas de 

protectione. 9 Jan. P. 201. 
1413, 4. 1 Hen. V. De confirmatione pro Thoma Godeston, Armigero, deofficiis 

altae ballivae comitatus de Guisnes, ac etiam Vitellarii 6 castri de 

Guisnes. 1 Jul. P. 208. 
De confirmatione pro Duce Clarentiae — necnon de decimis 

et piscariis de Guisnes &c. 21 Mar. P. 209. 
Protectio pro Johannc Dobill vitellario castri de Guisnes, qui 

in comitiva Ducis Clarentiae, Capitanei castri prasdicti moratur. 25 No. 

P. 209. 
Protectio pro Alano Buxhull, milite, qui in comitiva Ducis 

Clarentias, Capitanei de Guisnes, ad partes Picardiae profecturus est. 

10 Jan. P. 210. 
Protectio pro Willelmo Spencer, vitellario castri de Guisnes. 

5 Feb. P. 210. 
1413,4. 1 Hen. V. Literas de protectione pro Thoma Noreys, persona Ecclesiae 

de Gatescombe, in comitiva Ducis Clarentiae, Capitanei castri de 

Guisnes moranrlo. 13 Feb. P. 21 I. 
1414, 5. 2 Hen. V. Protectio pro Philippo Halberton, qui in comitiva Ducis 

Clarentiae, Capitanei de Guysnes moratur. 1 Jul. P. 213. 
Willelmus Wycombe, civis et barbitonsor de London, qui in 

comitiva Ducis Clarentiae Capitanei de Guysnes profecturus est, habet 

literas de protectione. 15 Feb. 

S Qui vendit lictualia. A victualler. Ducange. 
5 F 


14.21, 2. 9 Hen. V. Prsesentatio ad ecclesiam parochialem de Guisnes. 12 Jul. 

P. 245. 
1422, 3. 1 Hen. VI. Rex constituit Humfridum, Ducem Gloucestriae, Capita- 

neum castri de Guisnes, et concessit decimas, &c. de Fruten &c. 8 May. 

P. 250. 
Literae de protectione Roberto Lovel qui versus partes de 

Gwines profecturus est. 14 Jul. P. 251. 
Id. Johannis Kent, in comitiva Ducis Gloucestrice Capitanei 

certis de Guynes. 15 Jan. P. 252. 
1435, 6. 14 Hen. VI. De officio vocato alto Baillagio Comitatus de Guisnes, con- 

cesso Johanni Solers, Armigero. 3 Oct. P. 285. 
Praesentatio ad ecclesiam Beati Petri de Guisnes. 1 May. 

P. 28V. 
1 J37, 8. 16 Hen. VI. De officio capitalis servientis h villae et dominii de Guysnes, 

cum custodia geolae ibidem, concesso Johanni Toynton. 29 Jan. P. 293. 
1438, 9. 17 Hen. VI. De officio Janitoris castri de Guysnes, concesso Roberto 

Sandford, Armigero. 11 Mar. P. 294. 
1440, 1. 19 Hen. VI. Rex concessit Johanni Hampton et Johanni Somerton, 

tarn officium alti Bailliagii Comitatus de Guysnes, quam officium Vitel- 

larii castri de Guysnes. 25 Aug. P. 304. 
1 156, 7. 35 Hen. VI. De officio Receptoris castri et dominii de Guysnes, con- 
cesso Philippo Bealknap, Armigero. 28 Jan. P. 338. 

1459, 1460. 38 Hen. VI. Pro Henrico Duce Somerset, deliberando castrum de 

Guysnes Ricardo Comiti Warwic. 5 Aug. P. 347. 

Pro Ricardo Comite Warwic recipiendo castrum de 

Guysnes. 5 Aug. P. 347. 

1460, 1. 39 Hen. VI. De officiis Forestariorum forestae de Guynes in marchiis 

Picardiae, concessis Willielmo Grepenhalle, et Thomae Good. 28 Nov. 
P. 349. 

1470, 1. 10 Edw. IV. De constituendo Ricardum Whetehill, Armigerum, Lo- 
cumtenentem castri de Guysnes, et marchiarum ibidem. 25 Ap. P. 361. 

De constituendo Antonium Wydevylle Locumtenentem 

villae et castri Calesiae, turris de Rysebank, et castri de Guysnes, et 
marchiarum ibidem. 16 Jun. P. 361. 

1478, 9. 8 Edw. IV. De constituendo Willielmum, Dominum de Hastings, Lo- 
cumtenentem tarn villas et castri Calesice, turris de Rysebank, et castri 
de Guysnes, quam marchiarum prope seu circa villam et castrum 
Calesiae, turrim de Rysebank, et castrum de Guysnes. 11 Feb. P. 369. 

h Sargeant. Ducange. 


From the Harleian Manuscript, No. 4-33. 

1483, 4. 1,2. Rich. II. Letters patent of Richard the Third to John Dynham 

and others to receive the town and castle of Guisnes from Ralf Hastings, 
late Lieutenant, and to deliver them to John Blount Lord Mountjoye. 
Art. 14-1. fol. 27. 

Warrant for a privy seal for a commission to Sir James 

Tyrrell to have the charge of the castle and county of Guisnes, during 
the absence of the Lord Mountjoye, the King's Lieutenant. Anno 2 d °- 
Art. 2051. fol. 201. 

14-84. 2 Rich. III. Indenture between the King, Richard the Third, and Sir 
Raufe Hastings, Knight, by which Sir Raufe covenants to pay to the 
King 666/. 13s. 4<f. for the office of Capiteigne and Lieutenant of the 
castle of Guisnes, after the death of John Blount, Knight, Lord Mount- 
joye, which now is seke and in perille of dethe. Three hundred pounds 
to be paid immediately, the rest when Sir Raufe was in possession. If 
Lord Mountjoye were not removed, and Sir Rauf should die in the 
mean time, the King agrees to repay the £300. Dated 24 day of 
Feveryere, the first year of our reign. 

From Rhymer, torn. xii. page 231. 

1484. 2 Ric. III. Sciatis quod datum est nobis intelligere quomodo Adversarii 

nostri Franciae, declinantes in magna multitudine ad partes Picardis. 
intendunt, si quo modo possint, castrum nostrum de Guysnes, eo 
maxime tempore, invadere, quo Dominus de Mountejoy, noster Locum- 

tenens ejusdem castri dicitur infirmari et languere in extremis 

Volentes de et super tuta et firma custodia ejusdem castri providere, — 
ac de fidelitate Thornse Montgomery militis confidentes, assignavimus 
eum Commissarium nostrum in hac parte — pro defensione et custodia 
supradictis. 24 Aug. Page 231. 

1497. 13 Hen. VII. Charles, Roy de France, au Seneschal de Boulenoys. De 
la partie de James Tirel, Cappitaine de Guysnes nous a este expose 
que Walran Dynas, Bailly de Hesdin est tenu et oblige envers luy 
en eertain somme de Denier. — A la quelle cause le dit exposant nous 
ait fait requerir qu'il le puisse faire convenir par devant vous — pourquoy 
nous vous avons commis et depute a congnoistre Juger &c. du fait de 
la debt. P. 669. 

1520. 12 Hen. VIII. At the time of the interview between Henry the Eighth 
and Francis the First, Guisnes was certainly in the possession of Eng- 
land, as appears by the agreements, and regulations respecting it. See 
Rhymer, vol xiii. 695, 707, &c. 
5 F 2 


1552. 6 Edw. VI. In the Harleian Manuscripts, No. 3880, is a large folio volume, 
which is " A Survey and Rental of the town of Calais, and the Marches 
of his Majesty King Edward the Sixth, compiled by Sir Richard 
Cotton, Comptroller of the Household, Sir Anthony Saint Leger, 
Knight of the Garter, and Thomas Mildmay, Esquire, Commissioners 
appointed for that purpose. It contains the names of all the tenants, 
and their rents, and is divided into four parts. 1. Tlie County of Guisnes, 
which contains the Castle of Guisnes, with the demayne lands, the 
parishes and townships of Campe, Ballingham, Anderne, Spellake, of 
Guisnes, Mellake, Buckarde, Pyttam, Seintercale, Nele, Froyton, 
Bonnynges, Elveryngham, Pepelyng, with the Lordship of Osterwyke, 
Scales, Sandgate, Calkewell, Cawte, and Melmansbroke. 2. The 
Lordships of Marke and Oye, containing the parishes of Holskyrk, 
Olderkyrk, Newekyrk, and Chempe. 3. The Lordship of Hampnes. 
4-. Callyce, and the Marches. 

This Survey does not shew the extent of these counties and lord- 
ships, since it mentions only those places where the King had any 

It appears from other manuscripts, that, in the same reign, Edward 
Seymour, Earl of Hartford, was the Captain of Guisnes, and Lord 
Cobham, Deputy of Calais, and that John de Pountfreit, bastard, had 
the office of Captain and Lieutenant of Calais and the Marches thereof, 
and of the towne of Risebank, of Guysnes, and Hammes. 

1558. 6 Mary. It was taken from the English by the Duke of Guise. 

A Catalogue of the Governors, and other (Officers of Guisnes, whilst it was in the 
possession of the English, chiefly from Les Holies Francois, a catalogue belonging to 
the French, which was drawn up by Thomas Clark, an Englishman, and begins with 
the conquest by Edward the Third, and ends with the death of Edward the Fourth. 
It comprehends the dates and matter of about twenty thousand charters. Extracted 
from the Histoire de Calais, under the respective years. Hist, de Cal. vol. ii. p. 196. 

Year. Name. 

1361 Henry L'Escrope. 
Edward Staccot. 

The Earl of Hertford. 
1370 John de Harleston. 
1380 Brian de Stapleton. 

Hist, t 

le Cal 


vol ii. 


Captain, or Governor. 


Keeper of the Hospital 



pers at 

Led bourne, 




of Guisnes. 













John de Drayton. 



Hist, de Cal. 
vol. ii. page 



Thomas Swynbourne. 
Philip de la Vache. 




Will. Scrope, Earl of Wilts. 




Thomas Godeston. 

Grand Bailli. 



Thomas Chambers. 
The Duke of Gloucester. 

Keeper of the Castle. 


John Grenelane. 

Grand Bailli. 



John de Solers. 




Thomas Kempston. 
John Solers. 

Keeper of Guisnes. 

Grand Bailli, and Victualler. 



John Hampton. 
John Somerton. 

Grand Bailli. 


Thomas Wasden. 



Philip de Belknap. 
Edward Ashton. 




Sir John Marney. 
Henry Young. 


Commissary General of Pro- 
visions, and Grand Bailli. 



Richard de Wetehill. 



John Haw brake. 

Grand Master of the Artillery. 


John Blount. 

Captain of Hames. 




James Tyrel. 

Sir Wallop. 

Andrew Dudley. 





William Grey, Lord Grey. 




No. XIII. 


Vol. ii. fol. 438. b. Sudfulc. 

LXVI. Terrae Roberti Blundi. Brademere Hund. 

Ten. Achi' p. man. t. r. e. iii car. terrae. temper ii. bord. Tunc v servi. m°. ii. 
Semper iii car. in dnio. et i. mol. et xx ac pti. Tunc ii. nunc modo i. Semper v. 
an. Te xl pore, modo xx. ii. Tc viii oves modo lxxxxii. et iii arpenni vineaj, et un. 
pare. Tc val. lxxx sol. modo vi. lib. In eadem xxv. libi boes. com. ii. car. et dim 
terras. Tc v. car. modo iiii, et dim. et iiii ac pti. semper val. xx. sol. De toto H. 
scs eadem, sac. et socam. In eadem v. libi hoes. com. i. car. terrae et lxxx ac. Tc 
v. car. m°. ii. et iii ac pti. Tc val. xxx sol. modo xx. /Ecclia lxxx ac libae terrae, et 
i. car, et i ac pti, et val. v sol. Totum ht. ii Ig in longo, et vi qr. in lat. et xxii. d. et 
iii ferding. de geldo. 

Walsam. t. r. e. ten Achi'. p. man. ii. car. trae. semp. iiii. bord. Tc. ii. car. in 
dnio. modo iii et dim. car. hom. et v ac. pti. silva xx. pore. semp. i rune. Tc. iii. an. m°. 
i. Tc xl pore. m°. xxix. Tunc v oves modo xxx. Tc. val. xl sol. m°. Ix. In eadem 
xx libi hoes. comd. i. car. trse. semp. ii. car. et ii. ac. pti. silva x pore. Tc. val. x 
sol. modo xx. In eadem iii libi hoes, et dim. i. car. terras. Tc et p'. iii. car. et dim. 
modo ii. et ii. ac et dim. pti. Silva de iiii. pore. semp. val. xx. sol. Ecclesia dimidia 
x. ac. et i ac. pti. et val. viii. d. ht. ii. leug. in longo. et vi qr. in lato. et xvii. d. de 
gelto. Alii ibi tenent. 

ten Achi'. per man. t. r. e. iii car. tras. semp. ix bord. Tc. iiii. car. in dorainio. 
modo iii. et xii ac. pti. silva lx. pore, semper ii. rune, et ii an. Tc. Ix. pore, modo 
xv. Tc. xxv oes modo x. Et x vasa apum. Semper val. lx sol. In eadem 
xiiii libi hoes. comd. lxxx. ac. semp. i. car. et iiii ac. pti. silva iiii poix. et val. 
viii. sol. In eadem. i. lib. ho. Chetel. i. car. terrae per man. semper, ii. bord, et ii. 
serv. et ii. car. in dnio. et iiii ac. pti. silva xx. pore, et iii. libi hoes, sub eo xxii. ac. 
et dim. car. semp. ii. rune. Tc iiii an. Tc xxiiii pore, modo xxiii. Tc xxii oes. 
M°. c. Tc. xl. cap. modo xii. semp. valet xxx sol. ex h. habuit antec. Robti. cmd. 
Willm. tenet de Robto. In eadem iii libi hoes. comd. i. car terrae, et lx. ac. et i 


bord. semp. iii. car. et iiii ac. pti. silva de iiii. pore, et semp. valet xxx sol. h. tenent 
ii°. milites. iEcclia. ix. ac. ht. xi. qr. in longo et xi in lato et v. den. et obolum de 
gelto. Alii ibi tenent. 

Wicam tenet Aki'. t. r. e. per man. i. car. terras. Tc. iii bord. Tc. iii. serv. 
modo ii. semp. ii. car. in dnio. et iii ac. pti. silv. x pore. Tc. i. rune, modo ii. 
Semp. i. an. Tc. xii. pore. m°. xx. iii. Tc. xx. v. ovs. modo xxxviii. semp. val. 
xxx. sol. et v libi hoes, et dim. comd. i. car. trae. semp. ii. bord. et sub eis ii libi. 
hoes. iiii. ac semp. ii. car. et vi. ac. pti. et qrta pars mol. Tc. val. xx sol. modo 

In Sapestuna. 

ii libi hoes regis, e xviii ac. et. val. iii sol. 

Langham ten. haret lib. ho. de q°. scs. eadmund. habuit cm. t. r. e. iii car. 
terras. Tc. i vill. semp. iii. bord. et iii serv. Tc et p'. iii car. in dnio modo ii. Tc. 
dim. car. hom. xii. ac. pti. silva vi. pore. Tc. vii. rune, modo i. Tc viii. an. m*. ii. 
Tc xxx pore modo xvi. Tc. c. xl. ous. m". xii. Tc. val. Ixxx sol. modo Ix. In ea- 
dem. ii. libi hoes. comd. xx. ac. Tc. dim. carr. modo ii. bou, et val. iii sol. ht. vii. 
qr. in longo, et vi in lato, et x. d. in gelt. 

In hepworda. dim. lib. homo, xl ac. et i. bord. et semp. dim. car. et dim ac. pti, 
et val. x sol. 

In Wica. i lib. ho. comd. Ix. ac. et. i. bord. semp. i car, et valet x sol. 

In Icsewrda. i lib. ho. xl ac. semp. i. car, et valet v sol. Ex his oibus. libis. hoi- 
bus revocat regem at Warrant. Scs. eadmund. de toto socam et sacam. 

In Icsewrda. tenuit Ketel lib. ho. cc. ac. p. man. semp. ii bord. & ii serv. & ii. 
car. in dnio. & vi ac. pti. & i. mol. & sub eo vi libi hoes, xxix ac. Tc. ii. car. modo. 
i. semp. val et Ix. sol. Ex h habuit Angar. stalra comd. t. r. e. Rad. fr. Rob. erat 
saisitus quando fuit mortuus et Rob. recpit de rege. 

Dimid. H. de Cosfort. In Watefella. v libi hoes de uno habuit scs. e. comd. & de 
oibz. soca. Antec Robti nee cmd. et hnt Ix ac. Tc. ii. car. modo. i. semp. val. vi. 
sol. modo, xx. In ead. iiii. libi hoes lxiii. ac. Tc. ii. car. modo. dim. et val. x. sol. 
et viii. d. 

Blidinga. h In Westledestuna. xxvii. ac. et dim. p escang. ten et Brunar pbr. 
T. R. E. semp. dim car. et val iiii. sol. 

Hertesmera . . H. In Gisilmcham. xxx ac. de dnio. de Walesam qd tenuit Achi. 
&. i. ac. pti. et val. vi. sol. et viii. d. In ead. iii. libi hoes comd. Achio Alger. 
Godric. Godwin. Iiii. ac. & i. lib. ho. sub eis. i. ac. Tc. & p. ii. car. modo. dim. &. 
i. ac. pti. silv xxiiii. pore. & val. xvi. sol. Sup. ii. feminas istorum hominum habuit 
Abbas sci edmund. dim comd. et dim. soc. 

Hertesmara. H. in Westorp. iiii. libi hoes com Achi. t. r. e. iiii. ac. et dim. et 
val. xvi. d. In finingaha. ii. ac. de dnio de Walsam. 

In Wiverthestuna. ii. libi hoes. comd. Achi. t. r. e. xxx. ac Tc dim. car. silva ad 


ii. pore. dim. ac. pti. et val. v. sol. hoc ten. R. ouethel. de. R. blond ; Stov. H. in 
escefella. jac et i. bord. de. iii. ac. et redd. xii. d. 

Vol. i. fol. 130. b. Midelsexe. 

XVII. Terra Roberti Blundi. Speletorne HD. 

Rtobertus blund tenet in Leleha. viii. hid. de rege. Estrild qda monial ten. de 
eo. Tra. e. v. car. In dnio. iiii. hidas. et ibi. e. i. car. Villi hnt. iiii. car. Ibi un vills 
de. i. virg. et vii. villi qsq dim. hid. et iii. bord de. i. virg. et iii. cot. Ptu. v. car. 
Pasta ad pec ville. In totis valent val. lx. sol. Qdo recep. xl. sol. T. R. E. vi. lib. 
Hoc jUl tenuit Achi Huscarle regis. E. vende potuit cui volnit, et Soca jacuit in 

Vol. i. fol. 366. Lincolescire. Lindesig. 

XLIX. Terra Willi. Blundi. 

In Faldingevrde. lib Osulf. ii. car. tra? et iii. bov ad gld. Tra totid car. et b. 
Ibi ht Wills blund. i. car. et ii. soch de. v. bov. huj tree, et vi vill et ii. bord. hntes 
vi. boves in car. et xl acs pti. et xii. acs silvae niinuta?. T. R. E. val. iiii. lib. m xx. 
sol. Tailla. v. sol. 

InCrocsbi. hb Asford. i. car tre ad gld. Tra. iii. car. Ibi ht. Wills, i. car. et i. 
soch de. ii. bov. huj trae. et v. vill et i. bord cu. i. car. et ix acs pti. T. R. E. val. 
lx. sol. m. xl. In Torgrebi. ht Wills, i. molin. iii. sol. qd ptinet ad crocsbi. In 
soca Turgoti. 

In Widcale. hbr Godric et Siward. ii. bov trae ad gld. Tra. vi. bov. Ibi ht Wills. 
i. car. et iii. vill. cu. iii. bob in car. et viii. acs pti. T. R. E. et m val. xx. sol. 

In Catebi, hb Elnod. ii. bov trae et dim ad gld. Tra. v. bov. Wills ht. T. It. E. val. 
xx. sol. m. v. solid. 

In Salflatebi et Schitebroc. ii. bov. tre ad gld. Tra. iii. bov. Soca in Catebi. 
Wasta. e. 

No. XIV. 

Gent. Mag. for 1779, p. 585. 

Quid multa? Duces comitibus, hospites hospitibus, milites monachis, monachi 
militibus, gratissimi. Nam universi singulos, et singuli universos, quilibet quemli- 
bet, omnibus humanitatis officiis mutuo am pi ex i sunt. Tandem civilibus incendiis 
extinctis, auspiciisque regiis juxta animi sententiam stabilitis post lustrum severa 
sua animadversione pie sedata, placuit Regi jugum hoc, quo monnchorum superbia 
jam satis atterebatur, exuere, militesque ad sumendas peenas de Roberti filii sui 
impia procacitale, qui tunc temporis, laxis habenis, in Normannia luxuriabatur, 
conquestor revocai. Moesti discedebant. At monachi nostri (mirabile dictu) non 
lacrimis tantum charissimorum sodalium, hcroicorum militum, gratissimorum ho- 
spitum, decessum gemunt, sed verendo ululatu exclamant, et pectora, quasi spei 


destituta, feriunt, more nuper nuptre fccminas, cum vir e dulci complexu in tern - 
pestive ad arma rapitur. Fuerunt enim anxii se desertos rapinis obnoxios fore, 
cum hospitibus suis amatis (quorum fidei se suasque fortunas credidere) otia secure 
peragebant. Jam itineri omnibus paratis, monachi nostri omnes, quorum Humerus 
erat copiosus, copis induti, decessuros gencrosos cantilenis, crucibus, thuribulis, 
processionibus, omnique solemni more, usque Hadenham officiose comitabantur. 
Reversique curabant ut graphice cujuslibet militis insignia in parietibus publico; 
aula;, ubi commanebant pingentur, in militariuin hospitum assuetse humanitatis 
perpetuam memoriam. Qua;, de tempore in tempus, de prsedecessoribus in suc- 
cessores, deque tenebrosa antiquitate in banc nostram modernam posteritatem ac- 
curate elimata sunt, non sine suavi quidem admiratione, omnibus aspicienda, eodem 
ipsomodo, quo cum marginalibus limbis fulgent, et hie honorifice lucescunt. 

The inscriptions over the Jigures in the Tabula Eliensis. 
Nomina et insignia Millitum singulatim cum singulis Monachis in Eccltsia Eli 
ensi collocatorum regnante Gulielmo Conquestore, Anno Domini 1087. 
Opsalus, miles, Ballistarum 1 Dux, cum Godfrido Monacho. 
Walterus de Lacye, Scutifer, Conquestoris, cum Occha Monacho. 
Pervelus, trecentum peditum pieces, cum Ednotto, Monaclio. 
Guido de S'°. Leodegnrio, cum Adelmcro, pio Monacho. 
Hastingus, miles, Nauttic Excersitus cum Nigello Monacho. 
Hugo de Monte Forti, Equitum Dux, cum Odone Monacho. 
Adamus, Excrcitus Capitalys Mariscalis, cum Seel Monacho. 
Blundus, Navium Millitarum Dux, cum Wylnoto Monacho. 
Bryan de Clare, Veteramus k , cum Clitone Monacho. 
Tuchet, Dux Architinentum ', cum Osberico Monacho. 
Fides de Furnicallo Lumbardo, cum Osulpho Monacho. 
Richardo de Ponte Fulconis, cum Leofrico juniore Monacho. 
Bevvmundus, Equorum Mngister Conquestoris cum .... othe Monacho. 
Eneas de Novo Burgo, cum .... lano cenobii Sacrista Monacho. 
Robfertus Normanus, Mariscalis, cum Ranulpho Monacho. 
Mali, ducentorum pditum Dux, cum Ederico Monacho. 
Bigotus tertius fillius Bigot, cum Edmund. . Monacho. 
Lucey Normanus, Admiralis, cum Constantino Monacho. 
Alexander de Monte Viginte, cum Davide Monacho. 
Lucamassus dum onium biperorum m , cum Osvvaldo Monacho. 

Arbalet, Cr 
p. 26. 

778 APPENDIX, No. XV. 

Antonius de Longa Spata", cum Alfredo Monacho. 
Johannes Malamanus peditum Signifer, cum Otto. 
Joanes de Eboraco Anglo, cum Felice Monacho. 
Ranulphus Miles Germanicus, cum Usketel Monacho. 
Eustachius le Blanke, Speculator , cum Sevanno Monacho. 
Eustachius le Noyer, cum Edwino Monacho. 
Nigellus de Fontaundore, cum Donaldo Monacho. 
Dunstanus le Grosse Manchus p , cum Egberto Monacho. 
Bigotus, Equitum trecentorum Dux, cum Condulpho Monacho. 
Seward us Anglus, anone Prefectus, cum Leofino Monacho. 
Paganus le Grave, Equitum Signifer, cum Athegal Monacho. 
Bardolphus Operatoribus preerat, cum Richardo Monacho. 
Abraham de Pechs, cum Ethelberto Eweri Monacho. 
Aimuudus fillius Allani, cum Barthredo Monacho. 
Talbotus, sepius in legatis missus, cum Duffo Monacho. 
Argentien, cura . . . vulneratorum habet, cum Helfrico Monacho. 
Gerardus de Longo Champo, cum Wilstano Monacho. 
Figotus, ponticum Procurator, cum Husketello Monacho. 
Bellasius, Preces Millitum versus Elye, cum Uttwaldo Monacho. 
Ivo, Willm Comitis Warren Frater, cum Leofrico Monacho. 

No. XV. 

A Catalogue of deeds, and extracts of deeds, and other documents, preserved in the 
Harlcian Manuscript, No. 6079, page 130. It has the name of Henry Lilly, 
Rouge Rose, and seems to have been -written by him. It relates to the Blount s of 
Sodington, except numbers 1, 3, 7, and 12. 

1. Peter le Blount to Walter le Blound. Feoffment of the manor of Timberlake. 
No date. (Printed at length in Book iii. chap. 1.) 

2. John Blount, son of John Blount, of Sodington, releases to Walter Blount, 
Knight, his brother, all right in the lands which he had by the gift of Henry 
de Kniveton. Dated at Tuttesburie, in the 48th year of Edward the Third, 
1374. No seal. 

3. Feoffment. Notum sit omnibus hoc prassens scriptum visuris, vel audituris, 
quod ego, Johannes Lovet, Dominusde Amnet, tradidi, etconcessi, Dominaelsa- 

" Spada, a sword. 

Ducange gives four meanings t 

o this word, r 

icither of which agrt 

pus. 2. Advocatus 

3. Testis. 4. Carnifex. An Still-* 

ratches ? 

P Mancus. 



belia?, oiatri meas, uxori Willielmi de Blount, totum manerium meum integrum, 
cum omnibus terris, redditibus, cum omnibus pertinentibus, &c. in Timberlake 
provenientibus, ad totam vitam suam, habendum, &c. reddendum inde, an- 
nuatim, ad natalem Domini, unum denarium. Hiis testibus, Will™, de Por- 
ter, Philippo de Upton, Johanne de la Herdwicke, Domino F, Capellano, 
Will™, de Berton, Clerico, Reginaldo de Veteri Aula, Domino Stephano de 
Betton, Capellano, et multis aliis. It is without date, and the seal is a fesse be- 
tween three wolves' heads, for Lovet. 

4. Feoffment. Walter le Blount to William, son of Ralph de Doverdale. Gift of 
Hanrugg. (Printed at length, in Book iii. chap. 1.) 

5. Feoffment. Johanna, formerly wife of Walter le Blount, gives to her son 
William, all her lands with the villains, and their appurtenances, in Sodniton, 
and Mommele, and le Orchard in the manor of Abbodelegh. If William should 
die without heirs, to revert to her, and her heirs. Dated at Schulton, on the 6th 
of April, in the 5th year of Edward the Third, 1331. Witnesses, Nicholas 
Charneles, William Motion, Ralph Mallore, Hugh Turville. Seal, three 
leopards' heads, jessant-de-lis, Sodington. 

6. Margery, daughter and coheyre of Theobald, Lord Verdon, of Webbley, wife 
of Sir William Blount, of Sodington, Knight, conveyeth her lands unto her 
husband's heirs. Ex Originali de an. 6. Edw. III. Rot. 29. Staff, (sic) 

William de Blount paid a fine to the King of 10s. that he, and Margaret 
his wife, might enfeoff Nicholas de Coleshall, Chaplain, of the castle of Webb- 
ley, and the manors of Webbley, and Balderly, and rents in Rammesore, 
Bidulfe, and Calvin, (Fenton Culvers,) held of the King in capite. 

7. John Lovett, Lord of Elmeley, Knight, releases to Walter le Blount, his 
brother, 4s. rent, for a garden, in Wernesley. No date, or seal. 

8. An assize held at Southampton, in the 31st of Edward the First, 1302. Rich- 
ard, son of Reginald le Porter, William Doverdale, and Eustachia his wife, 
Walter le Blount, and Johanna his wife, disseized of a tenement in Tadley, 
which had been conveyed to Ralph de Sodington, came to his brother William, 
and then to his three sisters, Martha, Eustathia, and Johanna. 

9. Gift of Chattels from William le Blount to his mother, Johanna, 5th Edw. III. 

A touts ceux que cette lettre aurront on virent, Wilhn le Blount, le 
neveu, salutz en Dieu. Cum ceo ey done et lesse a ma tres cher Dame et 
Mere Johanna la Blount la manneire de Sodniton, et le Orchard, a avoir et te- 
nure a toute sa vie, compier et per un escrit de ceo a lui faite: Saches moi 
avoire dones entirement grante a ma treschere Dame et Mere avandite touts 
les biens de chataux moeble csteant en les terres et tenements avandite. En la 
5 g2 

780 APPENDIX, No. XV. 

tesmoigne de que chose a cestes lettres ai mise mon seau. Dat. a Schelten Ie 
dmco make v Edw. III. puis le conquete quinto. Sea], Sigillum Willielmi 
Le Blount, a fesse between six martlets. 

10. The feoffment to which the former refers. William le Blount grants Soding- 
ton to his mother Johanna. Same date and seal. 

(Printed at length in book iii. chap. 2.) 

11. Feoffment. This indenture wilnesseth, that Roger de Tissington grants to 
John le Blount, and Isolda, his wife, ten acres of meadow in Aldercroft. Dated 
at Winlegh, 16th of May, 1347. 

12. John, and Walter, sons of Walter le Blount, grant to Isabella le Blount the 
manor of Timberlake. Witnesses, William le Blount, Thomas le Blount, 
Knights, Ralph le Blount, Parson of the church of Hampton Lovelt. Dated 
at Worcester, in the 16th year of Edward, the son of Edward, (Edward the II.) 

13. Feoffment. Note. " The Lord Verdon's landes conveyed away to the Blounts 
" of Kinlet." 

Brian de Cornwall de Kinlet, miles. Johannes Blount de Sodniton, is bound 
to him, in a statute merchant, in 200 marks, upon condition of being void, if 
Sir Jchn should settle upon Isabella, the daughter of Brian, and wife of John, 
his lands in Ratterley, Fenton, Kilward, Bydulfe, Ramesore, Denston, Glaston, 
Wyshall, and Waterfall, in Staffordshire. Dated at Shrewsbury, the Cth year 
of Richard the II. 1382. 

14. John de Blount, et Isolda, sa feme, nous avons assigne en notre lieu Roger de 
Baledon, a recevoyr le seizin de touts les terres le quels nous avons de Dom 
Thomas de la Putte, come par les chartres, &c. Dated at Haselwood, the 24th 
of Edw. III. 1350. Sigillum Johannis Blount. The three leopards' heads of 

15. John de Blount de Sodington done a Thoma de la Putt, Vicar of the church 
of Domebrugge, and Ralph de Barton, Chaplain, all his lands, goods, and 
chattels. Dated at Holland, 23d of Edw. III. 1319. Seal, Sodington. 

16. Elionor de Lancastre, Countess d'Arundel, et de Surrie. Saschetes nous avoir 
rescoux de Nicholas Fitzlierbert, Jardien de terres notre cheir cousin Jantkin 
(John) Blount, 11 merkes de starling des issues des ses dites terres. Donne 
au Chastell de Reigate, 15 Feb. 38 Edw. III. 1364. Seal, quarterly, first and 
fourth, a lion rampant, second and third, cheeky. 

17. Indenture inter John de Blount de Sodniton, et John de Doverdale, et Maud, 
sa soer. John de Blount grants to the other parties all the lands which he had 

P By the nrxt deed it appears to bare been dominion proximo ante /(stum Sci Bnrnala. 


of the gift of the said John de Doverdale, in Sodniton et Monile, for life, re- 
mainder to Richard, eldest son of John de Blount, then to his other sons, John, 
Walter, and Thomas. Dated (year not clear) of Edward III. perhaps 1358. 
Seal, Sodington. 

18. Receipt for the Charters of Timberlake, &c. belonging to Richard le Blount, 
the son of John, received of Nicholas Fitzherbert, by Madam Wake. 33d of 
Edward III. 1359. In French, and very much corrupted. 

19. Thomas, Vicar of Domebrugge, and Raufe de Barton, Chaplain, release to 
Richard, son of John de Blount, allclaim to the manors of Sodington, and Tim- 
berlake. Dated at Dannebrug, 32d of Edward III. Witnesses, Mons r . Hugh 
de Maygnell, Mons r . Walter Montgomery, Mons'. Nicol de Longford, Thomas 
Bakpus, Richard de Freton, Rate de Makelly, 1358. Two seals: 1. a woman 
with a coronet, resting her right hand on a wheel, or shield; 2. a coat of arms 
with a bend. 

20. Sir Walter Blount releases to John Blount of Sodington, his brother, all his 
right in lands in Denston, Quexhull, Ethalaston, and Watfall. Dated at Den- 
ston, on Friday, the vigil of Saint Bartholomew, 5th of Richard II. 1381. 

21. John Clash, releases all personal actions to John Blount, 5th of Henry the IV. 

22. Indenture between John Blount, of Sodington, and John Prince, of Wynley. 
Lease of lands in Winley, which descended to John Blount, after the death of 
his brother Richard. 49th of Edward III. 1375. 

23. Indenture between John Blount the elder, and Dame Johan Fouleshurst. 
John Blount, his son, to marry Isabella, daughter of Johan; who was to pay 
20 marks, and 40 livres, upon the espousals. John to enfeoft John, his son, 
and Isabella, with the manor of Uttekeshather (Uttoxeter) or Uteskefather, 
appelle Blountes Place, except the park called Blountes Park. 10th of Henry 
IV. 1408. 

24. Indenture between Thomas Corbet, of Stanford, in Shropshire, and John 
Blount of Sodington. John to marry Katherine, youngest daughter of Thomas, 
before Michaelmas. Timberlake to be enfeoffed to John and Katherine, and 
their heirs and other lands which shall be of the yearly value of ten pounds, 
over all charges. And Thomas Corbet to settle lands in Tattesale, Martroke, 
and Godewad, in Shropshire. 26th of Henry VI. 1447. 

25. The will of John Blount. His feoffees to raise 20 marks to marry Isabella, 
Margaret, and Blanch, his daughters, if they marry with the consent of Ka- 
therine, their mother, and Edward, their brother. Anno Dni. 147S. 

26. Edward, Thomas, and Humphrey Blount, brothers, bound in a statute staple 
to Thomas Fisher, citizen and mercer of London, in 100 merks, conditioned to 
pay 50 merks. 1st of Henry VII. 14S5. 


27. Inquisitio post mortem, upon the death of John Blount. Found that Isabella 
his wife died before him, and that John Blount then living, and of 30 years of 
age, was their son and heir. 3d of Henry VI. 1424. 

28. Inquisition on the death of John Blount, 4th of Henry VI. 1425. Found that 
he was seized of the manors of Sodington, Momale, and Timberlake, and a mes- 
suage &c. called le Orchard, in Wordesley in the parish of Rok, &c. that by his 
charter dated at Sodington, the 23d of January, the 4th of Henry V. he gave 
the said manors to William Blount, his son, Henry Lyggon, Robert Harker, 
and William Walkesback, by virtue of which the said William, &c. were 
seized in the lifetime of John Blount, and were then seized. That Sodington 
and Mamele are worth ten pounds, and that they and Timberlake are held of 
Richard, Earl of Warwick. 

That John died that year, and his heir is John Blount, son of John, son of 
the said John Blount, and of 14 years of age. 

29. Indenture between Dame Margaret Cornwall, widow of Sir Edmund Cornwall, 
and Peter Blount. Peter to marry Anne, daughter of Sir Edmund. Jointure 
settled. 21st of Hen y VII. 1505. 

30. Peter Blount's will, 10th of Henry VIII. 1518. He lived till the 19th of 
Henry VIII. 1527. 

These deeds are followed by a pedigree, beginning with Sir William le Blount, 
who married Isabella Lovet, and pursuing the Sodington family, down to the chil- 
dren of Sir Walter Blount, the first Baronet, in 1628. It agrees entirely with Big- 
land's Pedigree, published by Nash. 

No. XVI. 

From the Historia Genealogica de la Casa de Lara. Per Don Luis dc Salazar )• C astro, vol. iv. page 58. 

Relacionjiddissima de las sucessiones del linage de Ayala, que copiamos en la Libreria 
alta dHEscorial donde esta aljn de una antiqua Cronica del Rey Don Alonso XI. 
Y segun Jrgote de Molina en la nobleza de Andaluzia, lib. I. cap. 1. fol. 81. y las 
escrivio Don Pedro Lopez de Ayala, el Chanciller Mayor. 

Quando el Rey Don Alfon, tenia cercada a Toledo, vino a el vn Cavellero de 
Portugal, que dezian Don Fernan Perez De Acevedo, y llamavanle algunos D. 
Fernan Perez el Portugales y probo muy bien en aquella cerca. E el Rey por 
aquesta razon heredolo quando tomo la Cibdad, y diole vna posado muy buena en 
la Cibdad, y vn Aldea que llaman Pantoja, y casolo con vna doncella de su casa, 


que llamavan Dona Maria De Aceves, y partieron las casas que avian en la Cibdad, 
con la Orden de la Trinidad, y ficieron Monesterio, y ay yacen enterrados, y ficieron 
fijos, en vno, entre otros ficieron vna liija, que llamavan Dona Lamila. E agora 
digamos de aquesta Dona Lamila, con quien caso e quien viene della. E vino en 
este tiempo vn Cavellero de Portugal, que dijeron Don Pedro Gomez De Barroso, 
que es vna tierra en Portugal, que llaman assi, e caso con ella, e ovieron fijos, e al 
vno dijeron Don Fernan Perez, y este caso con Dona Mencia Garcia De Solo- 
Mayor, fija de Don Garci Melendez de Soto- Mayor, y de Dona lues la Gorda de 
Toledo. E este Don Fernan Perez, e Dona Mencia Garcia de Soto-Mayor, ovieron 
fijos, el primero fue D. Pedro Gonzalez Barroso, que fue Cardenal de Espana, y 
Dona Sancha Fernandez, que fue casada con Don Pedro Lopez De Ayala. Y 
este Don Pedro Lopez, y Dona Sancha Fernandez, ovieron dos fijos, a Don Sancho 
Perez, y a Don Fernan Perez, y Don Sancho Perez era mayor, y era en la tierra 
quando inurid Don Juan Sanchez, e porque se acabo ei linage en Don Juan 
Sanchez, e torno el Senorio en linage de Dona Maria, tomaron por Senor en 
Ayala, y en toda la tierra a Don Sancho Perez. Y Don Sancho Perez murio ante 
que casasse, y Don Fernan Perez vino a la tierra, y tomaronle por Senor, assi 
como era drecho, y io avia de su linage. E este Don Fernan Perez, caso con Dona 
Elvira Alvarez De Zavallos, fija de Don Diego Gutierrez de Zavallos, y de Dona 
Juana Garcia Carrillo, que fue fija de Don Garci Gomez Carrillo, y de Dona Elvira 
Alvarez de Ossorio. Don Diego Gutierrez, fue fio de Don Ruy Goncalez de 
Zavallos, y de Dona Maria de Caviedes, E Don Ruy Goncalez fue fijo de Don 
Goncalo Ruiz de Zavallos. E. este Don Goncalo Ruiz de Zavallos, caso con fija 
de Martin Antolinez de Hoz, y de Dona Godo Galindez de Jordejuela. E este 
Fernan Perez, e Dona Elvira Alvarez, ovieron onze fijos, e fijas, e los fijos fueron 
estos: Pedro Lopez De Ayala. Diego Lopez. Jvan Sanchez De Ayala, el qual 
porque murio muy moco, y sin fijos, non se dize aqui mas del. E las fijas fueron 
estas: Dona lues Alfon, e esta caso con Diego Gomez de Toledo, nieto de Don 
Fernan Gomez de Toledo, e de Don Diego Garcia de Toledo. Dona Mencia, y 
esta caso con Don Beltran de Guevaro. Dona Jvana Garcia, y esta caso con Juan 
Fernandez de Padilla. Dona Sancha Fernandez, y esta caso con Fernan Perez de 
Gandes. Dona Aldonza Fernandez, e esta caso con Pero Goncalez de Mendoza. 
Dona Elvira Alvarez, e esta fin6 doncella. Dona Leonor Fernandez, e esta caso 
con Fernan Alvarez de Toledo. Dona Elvira Alvarez y esta caso Pedro Suarez. 
E estos Don Fernan Perez, e Dona Elvira Alvarez, compraron la mayor parte, que 
avian los deviseros en el Monasterio de Quijana, e labraron, e pusieron ai muchos 
buenos ornamentos, e fuera voluntad de amos a dos si Dios diera vida a ella de 
facer, y Monasterio de Duenas de la orden de los Frayres Predicadores, E dequella 
fino, el dicho Don Fernan Perez, torao la Orden y el habito de los Frayles Predi- 
cadores, e edifico el Monasterio de Quijana de Duenas de la Orden de los Frayles 


Predicadores, e ditles ornamentos, e las heredades que amos a dos avian acordado 
de dar al dicho Monastcrio de Quijana, y mas lo que dira de aqui adelante. E fue 
fundado el dicho Monasterio de las Dueuas de Quijana ano del Nascimiento de N* 
S. Jesu Christo de 1375. anos. E este D. Fernan Perez labro a Quijana e la Casa 
de Ayala, e la Casa de Oquendo, y gano a Cartagena de Espana. E su padre Don 
Pedro Lopez de Ayala fue Adelantado Mayor del Regno Murcia. 

Don Pedro Lopez de Ayala, fijo primogenito del dicho Don Fernan Perez, fue 
Chancillcr Mayor de Castilla, e Senor de Salvatierra de Alava. Este fue vno de 
los Nobles, e notables, Cavalleros de su tiempo, ca fue vn Cavallero de muy grand 
discricion, e abtoridad, y de grand consejo, e que passu por niuy grandes fechos, 
assi de guerra, como de tratos, y ficieron del muy grandes confiancas los Reyes, en 
cuyo tiempo el fue. E non solamente los Reis de Castilla, mas asi los Reis, e 
Principes del Regno de Francia. E fue home de grand saber, e por avisar, e 
enoblecer la gente, y nacion de Castilla fizo romancar de Latin en el lenguage 
Castellano algunas Coronicas, y Estorias que nunca antes del fueron vistas, ni 
conocidas en Castilla: entre las quales fueron la vna la E>toria deTitolibio, quefabla 
muy complidamente los fechos de los Romanos, e otra Estoria, que es dicha de los 
acaccimientos de los Principes, y la Estoria de Troya, y el Boecio de Consolacion, 
c los Morales de San Gregorio. E porque los Grandes, y notables fechos de Castilla 
non quedassen fuera de memoria, fizo ordenar vna Coronica de todos los fechos 
que acaescieron en Castilla, desde que murio el Rey Don Alton, fasta el tiempo del 
Rey Don Enrique el III. el qual fue fijo del Rey Don Juan. E murio este dicho 
Don Pedro Lopez en Cahihorra, en cdad de 75. anos. 

Este dicho Don Pedro Lopez caso con Dona Leonor De Gosman, fija de Pedro 
Xuarezde Toledo, Camarero Mayor del Rey Don Pedro, e de Dona Maria Rami- 
rez de Guzman, e ovo della estos fijos, e fijas que se siguen. 

Fernan Perez De Ayala, su fijo primogenito, fue Alfertz del Pendon de la Vanda, 
y Merino Mayor de Guipuzcoa, el qual caso con Dona Maria Sarmiento, fija de 
Diego Gomez Sarmiento. E ovo de ella fijos a Pedro De Ayala, que caso con Dona 
Maria De Velasco, fija de Diego de Velasco, y de Dona Constanca de Guevara, y 
a Dona Maria De Ayala, que caso con Pedro Garcia de Ferrera, Mariscal de Cas- 
tilla, e a Dona Constanz i, que caso con Don Pedro de Guevara. 

Pedro Lopez, el segundo, fijo del dicho Don Pedro Lopez caso con Dona Elvira 
De Castaneda, fija de Juan Rodriguez de Castaneda, y de Dona Maria de Orezco, e 
ovo della fijos a Pedro de Ayala, e Juan de Ayala e Sancho de Ayala, e Dona 
Leonor, la qual caso con Diego Lopez de Davalos, fijo de D. Ruy Lopez de 
Davalos, Condestable de Castilla. 

Dona Elvira, la primera fija deste Don Pedro Lopez, caso con Don Alvar Perez de 
Guzman, Senor de Olvera, y Gibraleon, e ovo del dos fijas, Dona Isabel, la qual caso 
con Pedro de Estuniga e Dona Juana, que caso con Juan Rodriguez de Castaneda. 


Dona Maria, la segunda fija de Don Pedro Lopez, cast) con Don Pedro Ponce 
de Leon, Senor de Marchena, del qual ovo a Don Juan, y a Don Pedro, y a Don 
Fernando, Comendador de Moron, y a Dona Sancha, y a Dona Elvira, y a otras 
fijos. _ 

Dona Sancha, tercera fija, fue primero desposada con Juan Alton de Benavides, 
e despues caso con Ruy Goncalez de Castaneda, Senor de Fuenti-Dueiia, del qual 
no ovo fijos ningunos. 

Dona Mayor, la quarta fija, caso con Ruy Diaz de Mendoza, e ovo del dos fijas, 
Dona Maria, que caso con Diego Perez Sarmiento, e Dona Leonor, que primero 
fue casada con Juan Enriquez, fijo del Almirante Don Alfon Enriquez, e despues 
caso con Rodrigo Alvarez de Ossorio, Senor de Ribera, e de Cabrera. 
De Diego Lopez de Ayala,Jijo de Don Fernan Perez. 

Este Diego Lopez De Ayala, caso con Dona Teresa De Guzman fija de Pedro 
Suarez de Toledo, e de Dona Maria Ramirez de Guzman, e ovo de ella cinco fijas, 
las quales son estas que aqui se sigucn. 

Dona Elvira, que caso Fernand Alvarez de Toledo, fijo de Don Garci Alvarez, 
Maestre de Santiago, del qual ovo fijos a Garci Alvarez, Senor de Oropesa, que 
caso con Dona Juana de Ferrera, fija del Mariscal Garci Goncalez de Ferrera, y 
de Dona Maria de Guzman, y a Diego Lopez, y a Pedro Xuarez, y a Juan Alvarez, 
Maestre- Scuela de Toledo, que fue gran Letrado. 

Dona Teresa, que caso con Ruy Lopez de Ribera, fijo del Adelantado Per Afan 
de Ribera, del qual ovo a vn fijo que fue Arcediano de Cornado, e a Dona Aldonca, 
que murio Monja en Santo Domingo el Real de Toledo. 

Dona Maria Ramirez, otra fija deste Diego Lopez, cast) con Ruy Diaz de Rojas, 
del qual no ovo fijo alguno. 

Dona Mencia Garcia. 

Doiia Leonor Nvnez, que fue Priora de Santo Domingo de Caleruega. 
De Dona lnes,Jija primero, de Don Fernan Perez. 

Esta caso con Diego Gomez de Toledo, Alcalde Mayor de Toledo, e Notario 
Mayor del Regno de Toledo, e ovo del fijos a 

Pedro Svarez, que fue Alcalde Mayor de Toledo, y murio en la Guerra de 
Portugal, en vna pelea acerca de Troncoso: el qual Pedro Suarez casd con Dona 
Jvana de Orozeo, e ovo della a Dona Ines, que caso con Diego Fernandez de Cor- 
dova, Mariscal de Castilla, e a Dona Teresa, que caso con Fernand Alvarez de 

Ovo esta Dona Ines otro fijo, que llamaron Fernando, el qual murio 10090, e no 
dex6 fijos algunos. E ovo fijas a 

Dona Sancha, que caso con vn Cavallero de Inglaterra, que dijeron Mossen 
Gauter Blont, del qual ovo fijos a Mossen Juan Blonte, vn buen Cavellero, que 

murio en la cerca de Roa de vna piedra de trueno, quando el Rey de Ingla- 

5 H 


terra la tenia cercada, y otro fijo que dijeron Pedro, y otro que dijeron Gauter, que 
murio moco, y otros fijos, e fijas 

Dona Teresa, fija segunda desta Dona Ines, cas6 con vn Cavellero, que dijeron 
Juan Nunez de Aguilar, e no ovo del fijos algunos ; pero acaescio assi, que siendo 
esta Dona Teresa doncella de muy pequena edad, que criandose en la casa del Bey 
Don Pedro con Dona Constanca, e Dona Isabel sus fijas, que a esta sazon eran 
llamadas Infantas, quel dicho Rey Don Pedro la tomo por fuerca, e ovo della vna 
fija, que dijeron Dona Maria, que fue Monja en el Monasterio de Santo Domingo 
el Real de Toledo, e fue vna muy noble Senora, e muy devota Religiosa. E la 
dicba Dona Teresa su madre, despues que find el dicho Juan Nunez de Aguilar su 
marido, como quier que ella quedasse en assaz convenible edad para casar, dejo el 
mundo, e tomo el habito de los Predicadores, y entro Monja en el Monasterio de 
Santo Domingo el Real de Toledo, el qual Monasterio, como quier que antes 
tobiese algund comienco, pero segund el pequeno fundamento quel tenia, y segun lo 
mucho que ella con la ayuda de Dios en el fizo, assi en edificios, y obras, como en 
lo dotar de possessiones, y en le ganar de los Reyes mercedes, y limosnas, como en 
lo guarnecer de ornamentos, e en lo poblar de muchas nobles Duenas, Fijasdalgo; 
e lo que mas es de uotar, en lo regir, e governar honesta e discretamente, bien se 
puede dezir, que ella lo fundo, y edifico. Tan buena, y tan honesta fue esta Priora 
Dona Tere«a de Ayala, que como quier que en Castilla oviesse muchas nobles 
Religiosas, pero de aquellas que en su tiempo tuvieron Perlacia, o Regimiento de 
Monasterios, non fue ninguna igual della. Otro si, como quier que en el linage de 
Ayala donde ella era, ovo muchas buenas, e notables Duenas, pero a juicio de 
muchos, ella fue la mejor dellas. Murio en edad de 71. anos, y la dicha su fija 
Dona Maria 20. dias despues della. 

Dona Aldonza, otra fija de la dicha Dona Ines, la qual primero caso con Fernan 
Carrillo, Alcalde Mayor de Toledo, e ovo del a Juan Carrillo, el qual caso con 
Dona Teresa de Guevara, fija de Don Pedro Velez, e despues caso con Per Afan 
de Ribera, Adelantado Mayor de la Frontera, del qual ovo a Diego de Ribera, que 
caso con Dona Beatriz, fija de Martin Fernandez de Portocarrero, e a Payo de Ri- 
bera, que caso con Dona Marquesa de Guzman, fija de Juan Ramirez de Guzman, 
e de Dona Juana Palomeque. 

Dona Mencia, otra fija que ovo la dicha Dona Ines, caso con Diego Garcia de 
Toledo, del qual ovo fijos a Diego Garcia, que casu con Dona Malgarida de Vil- 
lena, fija del Conde Don Enrique Manuel, e a Pero Suarez, que caMi con Dona Leo- 
nor de Guzman, fija de Juan Ramirez de Guzman, y Dona Juana Palomeque. 

Dona Mayor De Ayala, otra fija desta Dona Ines de Ayala, caso con Garci Fer- 
nandez de Cordova, dova, fijo de Lope Gutierrez, Alcalde Mayor de Cordova, del 
qual ovo fijos a Lope de Cordova, y a Juan de Ayala, e Martin. E fijas, Dona El- 
vira, que caso con Garci Barroso, fijo de Pedro Gomez Barroso. E otras. 


It then proceeds to state the marriages, and children, of the other daughters of 
Don Fernan Perez, which were, the 2d, Dona Mencia. 3d, Dona Juana. 4th, Dona 
Aldonca. 5th, Dona Sancha. 6th, Dona Leonor. 7th, Dona Elvira. As these 
are not material, I have not copied them. 

The history then concludes thus. 

Este dicho D. Fernan Perez de Ayala, cuyo linage e generacion aqui es contado, 
murio en edad de mas de 80 anos en el ano que fue vencida la batalla de Aljubar- 
i ota, e dexo al tiempo de su fin vivos un fijo, y seis fijas, de los quales dexo nascidos 
nietos quarenta y seis, y ocho visnietas, e yaze enterrado en el monasterio de Qui- 
iana. Deo Gratias. 

No. XVII. 



From Le Clcrc's Edition of Erasmus's Works. 

Epist. X. col. 7. 
Guliclmus Montjoius Erasmo Roterodamo. S. D. 

Nihil vereor, mi Erasme, quin ubi primum audisti, principem nostrum Henri- 
cum Octavum seu potius Octavium defuncto patri in regnum successisse, omnis tibi 
ex animosegritudorepente abierit. Quid enim tibi polliceri non possis deprincipe, 
cujus egregiam propeque divinam indolem probe novis, cui praesertim sis non modo 
notus, sed etiam familiaris: quippe literas ejus digitis exaratas, quod paucis conti- 
git, accepisti. Verum si scias, quern nunc heroa se prcestet, quam sapienter se ge- 
rat, quantus sequi bonique sit amator, quod studium in literatos prae se ferat; ausim 
meo periculo jurare, te vel sine alis, ut hoc novum ac salutare sidus adspicias, hue 
ad nos propere advolaturum. O mi Erasme, si videas, ut mortales omnes hie laetitia 
gestiant, ut de tanto principe sibi gaudeant, ut nihil magis exoptent, quam ejus vitam, 
lacrymas pra? gaudio continere non posses. Ridet a=ther, exsultat terra, omnia la- 
ctis, omnia mellis, omnia nectaris sunt plena. Exsulat longe gentium avaritia, 
larga manu spargit opes liberalitas. Noster Rex non aurum, non gemmas, non me- 
talla, sed virtutem, sed gloriam, sed Eeternitatem concupiscit. Gustum tibi dabo : 
superioribus diebus, quum se eruditiorem optaret ; non hoc, inquam, nos a te, sed 
ut eruditos amplectaris et foveas, expetimus. " Quid ni," inquit, " nempe sine il- 
" lis vix essemus." Quae vox ore principis praeclarior emitti potuit? Sed ego im- 
prudens, qui fragili rate Oceanum ingredior: tibi haec provincia servatur. Haec 
tamen paucula de divini principis laudibus in principio statim epistolae pra?ponere 
volui, ut si quid tibi tristitiae in animo resideat, protinus expellarem : aut si omnis 
5 h 2 


pulsa sit, spem, quam concepisti, non solum confirmarem, sed magis magisque au- 
gerem. Nunc ad tuas literas venio, quarum unas tertio, alteras vero pridie calendas 
Majas Romae ad me dederas : primis et jucunditatem mihi, et molestiam pariter at- 
tulisti : quod, ut debes, amice et familiaritcr tuo Montjoio consilia, cogitationes, ca- 
sus, aerumnasque tuas aperueris : hoc quidem jucundum ; id vero molestum, quod 
te amicissimum meum, cui in primis bene esse cupio, variis fortunae telis impeti per- 
spicio. Consolarer te, bonoque animo esse juberem, ni tua te sponte, si quid ta- 
men sperare audes, in spem non parvam erectum putarem. Miseriarum supremum 
diem tibi diluxisse arbitreris. Venies ad Principem, qui dicat, Accipe divitias, et 
vatum maximus esto. Haec ad primas. Illud tamen non praeteribo, nee permit tam, 
ne tu te fallas. Ais enim te mihi multum debere, quum ego contra, tanto tibi de- 
bito astrictus sim, qui me tuis scriptis immortalitate donaveris, ut me solvendo non 
esse judicem. Tuis vero secundis Uteris, et epistolam meam, et tabellarium ami- 
cum tuum codem infortunio perdidisse defies. Sed utinam par esset utriusque ja- 
ctura, altera enim reparabilis non est. Nam meis Uteris nihil fere aliud scribebam, 
nisi me opus tuum Adagiorum accepisse: opus, inquam, tuum, id est, ut docti 
omnes senliunt, perinde doctissimum atque eloquentissimum; et ni mcus amor erga 
te me fallit, plane absolutum, ac profecto dignum tantis laboribus, tantis nixibus, et 
quo non me, quern pusillum et tuum sciebas, sed quamvis magnum virum tibi pa- 
tronum comparares. Verum posteaquam ego visus sum tibiproe caeteris auspicatior, 
cui tuas tam pra?claras lucubrationes nominatim dicares, ingentes tibi gratias ha- 
beo: nam referre qui possum, cum me aeternum, ut dixi, reddideris ? Mecum ta- 
men vellem temperantius egisses, tot enim laudibus me oneras, verius quam ornas, 
ut non sane quotam partem agnoscam. Quis enim, modo me noscat, acquis auribus 
accipiat, quod ego liter at issimus appeller, qui ne literarum quidem studiosus censen- 
dus sim. Quamobrem acriter tibi succenserem, sed modestus saltern, quod etiani 
mihi tribuis videri volo, ne in omnibus mentitus fuisse convincaris. Scribebam 
praeterea multis occupalionibus, aliisque certis causis, quas Uteris committere non 
audebam, efFectum fuisse, quo minus nonnullis tuis Uteris ad eum diem respondis- 
sem : nil tamen idcirco voluntatem et studium erga te meum immutatum, imminu- 
tumque unquam fuisse, sed tua absentia, quod non putarem, crevisse. Habes quid 
in illis Uteris, quas doles te perdidisse, scripserim. Ad opus tuum revertor, quod 
summis omnes laudibus in coelum tollunt. Sed prae caeteris Archiepiscopus Can- 
tuariensis ita probat et admiratur, ut ex ejus manibus illud extorquere nequeam. 
At, dices, nihil adhuc praeter laudes? Idem Cantuariensis sacerdotium tibi, si re- 
deas, pollicetur, et modo libras quinque pro viatico ad nos tibi mittendas dedit ; 
quibus ego tantundem adjeci, non quidem muneris loco, alia enim appellanda sunt 
munera, sed ut ad nos properes, et tui desiderio diutius ne torqueas. Id po>tremo 
coram restat admonendum, cave credas tuis Uteris me quicquam gratius accipere, 
aut ulla in re abs te offendi posse, arbitreris. In Italia valetudinarium te factum. 


moleste fero: seis me tibi auctorem nunquam fuisse, ut Italiam peteres: verum 
quum te tantum et literarum et nominis i] lie adeptum esse perspicio, poenitet her- 
cule me tibi comitem non fuisse. Non enim esuritione solum, ejestate, et morbis, 
verum etiam ipsa morte tantam doctrinam et gloriam redimendam puto. Pecuni- 
arum syngrapham, his literis inclusam, accipies; quare valetudinem tuam cura, et 
ad nos te primum recipe. Ex praetorio Grenwici, 27 Maji, An. 1497. 

Ep. 44. col. 1549. 

Gulielmus Montjoius Erasmo Rot. S. 

Litteras tuas simul et librum de Utopia? insula a te missum accepi gratissimo 
certe animo, cum et litterae profectoe sint a te mei amantissimo et liber ab eo editus, 
qui non eruditione solum, sed et amicitia arctissima apud nos habitus est inter pri- 
mos: opusculum nondum legi, obrutus multis negotiis, brevi tamen perlecturus; ut 
cum prsesentia Mori frui valeam, saltern in Utopia Morum meum videam. Caste- 
rum de tuis negotiis valde cognoscere cupio, num et in fruendo nostro Tunstallo, 
qui tibi vir est plurimis de causis jucundissimus, etiam et possessionem Prebends 
nuper tibi concessae, vel pensionem aliquam a Principe obtinuisti, non minus con- 
sulens utilitati, quam voluptati: nam cum longe a me absit ut aliqua donatione te 
digna beatum efficere possim, non tarn ingratus tamen videri velim, ut ne ab aliis 
te felicem esse magnopere desiderem, ut tandem te conferre possis ad otium illud 
literarium, ad communem omnium studiosorum utilitatem. Tu interea valeas, et si 
quid otii tibi superfuerit, et nos visere digneris, rem gratissimam nobis fades. De 
reditu in Angliam nondum certi aliquid habemus. Rogo ut reverendum dominum 
Cancellarium meo nomine plurimum salvere jubeas. Iterum vale. Tuus ex animo 
G. Montjoius. Ex Tornaco, 4 Januarii, Anno 1516. 

Ep. 90. col. 1576. 
Gulielmus Montjoius Erasmo suo S. D. 

Accepi, mi Erasme, litteras tuas, et quod scribis de Hieronymo absoluto gau- 
deo; sed quod magno venditur, persuasum mihi plane est Lucubrationes Erasmicas 
non posse tanti vendi, quanti valent. Decrevi igitur brevi cum de pretio mihi 
constabit, vel ad Petrum iEgidium, vel ad te pro eo mittere. Quod Bruxellas 
commigrasti, ibi hyematurus, non possum non laudare tuum consilium, turn quod 
possis, quae cum Principe tuo agenda tibi sint, conficere, turn cum Tonstallo no- 
stro viro tarn amico et docto, quod sis saspius consuetudinem habiturus. De Pra?- 
benda tua cupio tibi omnia recte procedere. De Episcopatu vero, cum longius 


distet, et parum pinguis habeatur, videris mihi in rejiciendo sapere, quum sit tibi 
(ut scite scribis) onus videlicet absque subsidio, et oneri potius quam honori futurus. 
Epistolas abs te missas accepi, quae me plurimum legendo delectaverunt, nam legi 
quamplures, integrum volumen nondum perlegi, quod vero mihi eas miseris, habeo 
tibi gratiam. Joanni de Molendino de Hieronymo patefeci, nee displicuit ei nun- 
tium. Vale, et me, ut facis, ama, et si non sit tibi in animo hac hyeme Tornacum 
visere, saltern epistolis tuis nos visere oro ne graveris. Iterum vale. Ex Tornaco 
12 Novembris, Anno 151G. 

Honorando viro D. Cancellario me commendatum habeas. 

Epist. 1130. col. 1304. 


Erasmus Rot. Carolo Mountjoio S. 

Vix ullo sermone consequi queam, Carolejuvenis ornatissime, quod Mecasnatem 
ilium meum parentem tuum, quo nihil adhuc expertus sum candidius, humanius, 
amiciusve, conspicor in te mihi repubescere: tantum benevolentis animi, tantum 
amoris non vulgaris spirant tuae litterae, ut idem pectus agnoscam, sed vividius et 
explicatius. Nee dubito quin haec res non minori voluptati sit patri tuo, quam est 
mihi, est autem (mihi crede) summae; compluribus enim tales obtingunt liberi, ut 
patres orbis invideant. Caeterum ubi contigit haeres, qui parentem non tarn oris 
lineamentis, quam veris animi bonis referat, ea demum magna veraque voluptas est. 
Quod ad corporis formam attinet, mihi prorsus ignotus es, nisi quod Quirinus meus 
narravit te hac quoque Iiominis parte mirum in uiodum reddere genitorem tuum. 
Animi tui dotes mihi velut in speculo tua representavit epistola; quae, si tuo unius 
Marte confecta fuit, siculi fuisse nihil addubito, raram quandam et eximiam indo- 
lem prae se fert, nihilque mediocre nobis de te pollicctur. Clarissimus genitor tuus 
inter tot prasclaras virtutes, quibus expolitus est, nihil habet niea sententia pulcrius, 
quam singularem illam modestiam, quae vix dici possit, quantum ornamentis illius 
omnibus apponat gratiae. Modestiae comes est urbanitas ac morum comitas. Hanc 
dum tu quoque studes egregiis decoribus tuis veluti colophonem addere, non com- 
mittis ut quicquam patriae laudis in te desideremus. Aliarum virtutum certissima 
custos est modestia. Modestiae pono custos erit, si cogites quicquid vel animi, 
vel corporis, vel externorum bonorum tibi contigit, e Numinis munificentia 
profectum esse, cui in solidum oportet acceptum ferre, quicquid obtingit in hac 
vita felicitatis. Est autem aliqua gratitudinis portio, sua quenque bona nosse, non 
quemadmodum novil Narcissus, cui sua philautia fuit exitio. Utiliter sua bona re- 
putat, qui ea veluti nomina supputat, necaliud colligitex bonorum suorum contem- 
platione, nisi ut perspiciat quantopere sit obstrictus divinae benignitati. Earn quo 


perspicit in se fuisse profusiorem, hoc illi submissior fiat oportet, hoc de tuendis, 
deque recte collocandis qua- aceepit sollicitior, quo largiorem agnoscit in se Numi- 
nis benignitatem. Is si quem conspexcrit maligniore fortuna, non ita cogitat, 
Quanto hie me est inferior; sed ideo Domini largitas in me plus contulit, ut huic 
per me subveniret. Ne vulgare beneficium Numinis existimes, talibus prognatum 
esse majoribus, tam ampla; fortunae paratum hasredem, tot corporis et animi doti- 
bus esse prasditum. Confer aliorum sortem, quorum virtutibus obstat generis ob- 
scuritas, rei familiaris tenuitas, corporis imbecillitas, ingenii paupertas. Verum, 
hos qui despicit, non meminit gratuitas esse munificentiae quicquid aceepit. Qui 
non opitulatur, non animadvertit, in quem usum creditum sit quod aceepit. Quare 
te honor, Carole suavissime, ut hoc voluptatis nobis tuisque omnibus in dies augere 
contendas, tecum ipse certans, ut quotidie te ipso melior evadas. Singularem tuam 
erga me pietatem lubens exosculor, animi tui gratissimam voluntatem ampleclor. 
tametsi si quid officiorum in clarissimum parentem tuuni impendi, ille cumulatis- 
sime rependit: quod etiamsi minus esset factum, tamen hasc voluptas, quam ex tuo 
profectu capio, iste tuus animus paratus etiam in meos reponere, si fors tibi serius 
contingat referendi facultas, quam mini vitae finis, milii pro amplissime relata gra- 
tia est. Ea tantum apud me crescet, quantum tu pulcherrimis cceptis tuis adjeceris 
incrementi. Quod serius tuis respondeo litteris, adversa valetudo fuit in causa, 
quae me tota restate discruciavit. Quod nunc etiam minus apposite respondeo, in 
causa est, quod epistolam tuam in hoc sepositam, ut simulatque daretur otium re- 
sponderem, riancisci non potui. Verum hoc alias pensabitur. Dominus Jesus suam 
in te munificentiam tueri, semperque novis accessionibus augere dignetur, Carole 
fili charissime : idem conjugium tuum bene fortunet. Apud Friburgum Brisgoiae 
25 Augusti, An. 1530. 

Ep. 1160. Col. 1358. 

Dedication to Livy. 1 March, 1531. Friburg. 

Des. Erasmus Rot. generoso adolescenti Carolo Montjoio S. D. 

Etsi nunquam hactemus contigit faciem intueri tuam, juvenis ornatissime, tamen in 

tuis ad me literis mire puris,doctis, argutis, amicis, candidis, optimani tui partem, ani- 

mum, sic expressam video, utnullus Apellescorporiseffigiem in tabula repra?sentare pos- 

sit evidentius. Tam varias tamque raras naturae tuse dotes ista preesertim a?tate, quuni 

libenter, turn summa cum animi mei voluptate sum exosculatus. Equidem nihil 

non praeclarum expectabam a Gulielmi Montjoii filio, sed ingenue fateor, longe 

vicisti spem meam, quam de tuo profectu conceperam. Earn epistolam non in hoe 

tantum servabo, quo me subinde tui contemplatione delectet, verum etiam ut hoc 

instrumento tecum velut obsignatis tabulis agere possim, nisi quas ccepistiperrexeris, 

donee operi pulcherrimo colophonem imposueris. Scribis te ilia mea epistola, quam 


Adagiis praefixi, velut in theatrum productum, ut velis nolis cogaris, bene saltata 
fabula, multitudinis auribus oculisque satisfacere. Hoc oneris tibi per me imposi- 
tion esse, mi Carole, nondum sane me pcenitet : altera vero sarcina, qua te ma<ns 
etiam premi dicis, sollicitum quo pacto meis in te mentis gratiam referas, facile te 
exonero. Nee enim mutuo ne fallas tuorum de te expectationem, quin ista tarn prae- 
clara exordia, vel, ut melius dicam, primus fabulae actus, nobis spem faciunt fore, 
ut, quemadmodum superasti meam, ita vincas et caeterorum expectationem. Quod 
si praestiteris, arbitrabor mihi pro si quid est meorum in te officiorum, in solidum 
atque eliam cumulate relatam gratiam. Vera pietas, qua clarissimum patrem tuum 
perpetuo sum prosecutus, quamque nunc in te velut alteram ilium transtuli, non 
moratur aliam mercedem, quam ut teipsum talem praastcs, qualem optat ilia. Verum 
ne tibi fabulam istam saltanti, nihil aliud quam horiator applausorque videar, sed ut 
nonnihil etiam opis adferam, visum est tuo nomini dicare Titum Livium, Latinse 
liistoriffi principem, jam quidem frequenter excusum, sed nunquam antehac vel 
magnificentius vel emendatius: et si hoc parum est, quinque libris modo repertis 
auctum; quos bono quodam genio in bibliotheca Monasterii Laurisscni, aut, ut 
vulgo, Lorsensis, reperit Simon Grynaus, vir ut in omni genere literarum citra 
supercilium eruditus, ita provehendis liberalibus studiis natus. Id autem Monaste- 
rium est e regione Wormaciae sive Borbetomagi trans Rhcnum, a Carolo magno 
septingentis ab hinc annis et eo amplius exstructum, ac librorum copiosissima sup- 
pellectile instructum : nam haec olim prascipua cura principum fuit, et hie solet esse 
charissimus caenobiorum thesaurus. Archetypum erat admirandae vetustatis, prisco 
more perpetua literarum serie ita depictum, ut difficillimum fuerit verbum a verbo 
dirimere, nisi docto, attento, et in hoc ipsum exercitato. Unde non parum negotii 
fuit in parando exemplari, quod typographicis opcris traderetur utendum. Nee 
minore cura quam fide advigilatum est, ne usquam in describendo ab archetypo 
recederetur. Quod si pridem magna studiosorum gratulatione merito exceptum est, 
qualecunque fragmentum, quod nobis dedit Moguntia; quanto plausu excipi pal- 
est, tantam Liviana? histories accessionem ? Atque utinam faxit Deus Opt. Max. 
ut hie auctor totus et integer nobis restituatur. Ejus rei spem nonnullam prasbent 
rumores per ora quorundam volitantes: dum hie apud Danos, ille apud Polonos, 
alius apud Germanos, haberi Liviana quaedam nondum edita jactitat. Certe postea-* 
quam hasce reliquias praeter omnium spem objecit fortuna, non video cur despere- 
mus et plura posse contingere. Atque hie, mea quidem sententia, principes viri 
rem se dignam facerent, si prajmiis propositis, eruditos ad pervestigandum tantum 
thesaurum sollicitarent, aut etiam ad editionem perpellerent : si qui forte sunt, qui 
rem publicae utilitati paratam, gravi studiorum jactura premunt abduntque. Vehe- 
nienter enim absurdum videtur, homines ut parum auri argentive inveniant, tantis 
impendiis, tantisque periculis ad ipsos pene inferos terras viscera perfodere : et 
hujusmodi thesauros tanto illis preciosiores, quanto corpore praestantior est animus. 


prorsus negligere, nee ulla vestigatioiie dignos judicare. Midarum hie animus est, 
non Principum, a quo quum sciam tuam indolem quam longissime abhorrere, non 
dubito quin hoc lucrum sis avidissime amplexurus. Jam ne quis dubitare possit, an 
haec dimidiata Decas sit vere T. Livii, dua2 res potissimum efficiunt: primum ipsa 
phrasis omnibus notis suum auctorem referens; dein argumenta sive EpitoniEe L. 
Flori, hisce libris per omnia respondentes. Itaque cum scirem magnatibus viris 
nullam esse lectionem magis accommodam quam Historicorum, inter quos facile 
primas tenet T. Livius, de Latinis loquor, prassertim quum Sallustianum nihil 
exstet, praeter duo fragmenta; reputaremque quantus quamque inexplebilis histori- 
arum, ut ita loquar, helluo semper f'uerit pater tuus, quern non dubito quin hac 
quoque parte referas : visus sum mihi non incongrue facturus, si hi quinque libri, 
tibi proprie dicati prodirent in iucem. Quanquam hie nolim te parentis nimium 
esse similem. Solet enim ille singulis diebus a ccena ad mediam usque noctem 
libris incumbere, non sine uxoris ac pedissequarum ta?dio, magnoque famulorum 
murmure: quod quanquam illi hactenus praeter valetudinis dispendium licuit, non 
arbitror tamen consultum, ut eandem tu jacias aleam, fortasse non perinde felieiter 
casuram. Certe quum pater tuus huic Regi etiamnum adolescenti socius esset 
studiorum, in historiis potissimum versabantur, idque vehementer approbante patre 
Henrico septimo, singulari judicio prudentiaque Rege. Adjuncta autem est huic 
edition! Cbronologia Henrici Glareani, hominis exquisite multifariamque docti, 
cujus indefatigabilis industria, non solum hoc inclytum Gymnasium Friburgense, 
verum etiam totam banc regionem, liberalibus disciplinis expolit, exornat, locuple- 
tat. Ea Chronologia commonstrat temporum ordinem, bellorum species, ac perso- 
narum nomina, in quibus hactenus fuit mira confusio, scribarum ac sciolorum vicio 
inducta. Atqui haec erat unica historiae lux. Quod si haec absit cynosura, caeca 
prorsus est in historiarum pelago navigatio : et nisi hoc adsit filum, inextricabilis 
error involvit lectorem etiam eruditum, in his rerum justarum labyrinthis. Hoc 
munere si tuam epistolam bene pensatam arbitrabere, tuas jam vices erunt nos luis 
impartire literis. Bene, vale. Apud Friburgum Brisgoice 1 Mar. 1531. 

There are thirteen letters from Erasmus to Lord William Mountjoy. The 
most material parts of these are extracted in the notes. 

1. A letter dated in 1496. An excuse for omitting a lecture. In Le Clerc's 

Edition. Ep. 5. col. 4. 

2. 3 Feb. 1497. Ex Arce Tornenhensi. In this he gives an account of a terrible 

journey in winter to Tornenhem, in Flanders, to visit Anna Bersala, Mar- 
chioness of Vere, the owner of the castle there. Ep. 6. col. 5. 

3. In 1498. In answer to a letter requesting him to write a fuller work De Con- 

sc.'bendis Epistolis. Ep. 43. col. 41. 
5 1 


4-. Dated Oxford, 1498. Enquires after his wife, his socer humanissimus, and the 
rest of his family. Begins to like England. Ep. 42. col. 41. 

5. Oxford, 1499. Introduced at length in the notes. Ep. 64. col. 56. 

6. Basil, 29 Aug. 1515. Had strained his back upon a journey from Rusella to 

Ghent. Ep. 182. col. 160. 

7. Lovain, 16 Oct. 1519. A letter to introduce Anthony, Lord of Grimberg, and 

his perceptor, Adrian Barlandus, to Lord Montjoy. Ep. 469. col. 508. 

8. Antwerp, 1519. England abounds in learning. The munificence of Wolsey to 

the University of Oxford. Ep. 492. col. 538. 

9. From Anderlecht, in Brabant, 1521. This is a long lettter, in which he com- 

plains that he was accused of being a Lutheran, and informs us that Montjoy 
had exhorted him to clear himself from the charge by writing a book against 
Luther. He calls it an impudent lie (impudens mendacium), and states what 
had given occasion to the report. That he had many enemies from his intro- 
ducing learning, who had invented falsehoods of him before the Lutheran 
controversy. He declares that he had never written a word in favour of 
Luther, but, on the contrary, had dissuaded Luther from publishing his works, 
foreseeing the disturbances they would occasion. Yet, he says, alj must acknow- 
ledge that ecclesiastical discipline had degenerated from the evangelical purity. 
But Luther, in his endeavours to remedy the evil, should have proceeded with 
mildness. He professes himself to be a friend to peace. If Luther had made 
use of his works, he would not have written them. To call Luther a fool is 
easy; to support the cause of faith, to me at least, is very difficult. Yet when 
he had finished the works he had in hand, he would endeavour to produce 
something to allay these dissentions, or at least to shew his good will, although 
great and learned men had likewise attempted it. Posterity will judge me. 
Ep. 606. col. 681. 

10. Friburg, 28 March, 1529. Speaks of the wars, and politics of the times. 

Every thing very dear. Of his son Charles. Ep. 1034. col. 1176. 

11. Friburg, 8 Sep. 1529. Acknowledges a present from the Queen of England. 

Her praises and learning. Politics. Dedicates his Adages to him and his son 
Charles. Ep. 1077. col. 1233. 

12. Friburg, 18 March, 1531. The Queen's good will towards him. General 
troubles. Of his son Charles. Simon Grynaeus, Livy. Ep. 1174. col. 1373. 

13. Louvain, 23 Oct. 1518. Complains of ill health. Ep. 297. col. 1686. 

Lord William Montjoy is likewise mentioned in other letters which passed 
between Erasmus and his correspondents, which are many of them noticed in the 
history, or notes. 




J Catalogue of copies, and extracts, of ancient deeds, formerly belonging to Lord 

Mountjoy, preserved by Dugdale in his Manuscripts, volume 39, folio 47 ct seq. 

Ex cartis Domini de Montjoy. 

1. Simon Blundus, filius Roberti Blundi, de London, dedit Hospitali Sancti Egidii 

extra London, dimidiam mercatam redditus in London. 4 Hen. III. 1219. 

2. Willus le Blount dedit Johanni le Blount militi, et Elizabethan uxori suae in 

liberum mavitagium terras in Hamslope com. Bucks, dat. Hampton Lovett. 
40 Edw. III. Seal, Blount nebuly. 1366. 

3. Willus lc Blount, miles Dominus de Belton, Rutl. tradidit Waltero filio Roberti 

le Bayliffde Belton dimidiam virgatam terre in Belton ad vitam suam. 14 Ed. 
fil. Reg. Ed. 1320. 
i. Willus le Blund, Dominus de Belton, to Henry, son of Henry, son of Simon de 
Belton, and Amicia his wife, lease of a messuage in Belton, dated Belton, 
10 Edw. III. 1336. 

5. Dominus Willus le Blund dedit Johanni Lovett terram Brerhulle in Bertone. 

No date. Probably Edw. II. or III. Carta antiquissima. 

6. Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit Thomas Longley 

Dunelmensis Episcopus, nuper Custos privati Sigilli Domini Regis Henrici 
quarti post Conquestum et Johannes Baysham Clericus salutem. Noveritis 
nos dedisse &c. Sanchise qua; fuit uxor Walteri Blount Chevalier maneria 
nostra de Barton, Sapirton, Sutton, Lutchurche, Haselwode, Adloxton, et 
Belton, et reversionem manerii de Falde cum acciderit, cum feodis militum, 
advocationibus ecclesiarum proedictorem maneriorum, cum suis pertinentiis. 
Nee non omnia terras tenementa, redditus, servitia, et reversiones, cum >-uis 
pertinentiis in Dalbury, Hollyngton, Boyleston, Leycester, Befford, Peeke, 
Scarsedale, Stapenhull, Gayton, Tuttebury, et Burton, et alibi in comitatibus 
Derbie, Stafford, Leycester, et Roteland, quae omnia et singula nuper habui- 
mus ex dono et feoffamento praedicti Walteri. Habendum et tenendum 
omnia prsedicta maneria &c. prajfatae Sanchiaa ad terminum vitas suae &c. Et 
post decessum piEefatae Sanchiae volumus et concedimus quod praedicta maneria 
de Barton, Sapirton, Sutton, Lutchurche, et Haselwode &c. remaneant Johanni 
Blount militi filio prajdictorum Walteri et Sanchiae et suis haeredibus mas- 
culis. Pro defectu remanere Thomee filio preedictorum Walteri et Sanchiae. 
Habenduum et tenendum praefato Thomae sub conditione quod si idem Thomas 
non fuerit ad ordinem praesbiterialem Sanctee Ecclesiee consecratus, et haeredi- 
bus masculis de corpore suo procreatis. Et si contingat preefatum Thomam 
5 i 2 


Blount ad ordinem prsedictum consecrari, aut ipsum sine haerede masculo 
obire, quod extunc praedicta maneria Sic. remaneant Jacobo filio praxlictorum 
Walteri et Sanchiae et haeredibus masculis &c. Pro defectu remaneant Petro 
filio praedictorum Walteri et Sanchia? et hajredibus masculis &c. Pro defectu 
remaneant rectis haeredibus praedicti Walteri imperpetuum. Volumus etiam 
quod post decessum praefatae Sanchise praedicta maneria de Adloxton cum 
advocatione ecclesire ejusdem manerii &c. remaneant praefato Thomas Blount 
tenendum sibi quousque promotus fuerit ad beneficium ecclesiasticum, et post- 
quam promotus fuerit, quod extunc remaneant praefato Johanni Blount et 
haeredibus masculis. Pro defectu remaneant Thomas praedicto et haeredibus 
masculis. Pro defectu remaneant praefato Jacobo et haeredibus masculis. Pro 
defectu remaneant Petro praedicto et haeredibus masculis. Remaneant rectis 
haeredibus praedicti Walteri, &c. Data apud Barton, 4 die Junii, anno primo 
Henrici quinti. 

The seal is inscribed, " Sigillum Thomae Langley, Dunelm. Epi." and has for 
the coat of arms, Paly of six pieces, on the second, a mullet, pierced. 

7. Nicholas Bakepus complains that Walter Blount, and Sanchie his wife, and 

Walter their son, had disseized him of his frank tenement in Barton Bakepus, 
post primam transfretationem Domini Henrici Regis, filii Regis Johannis 
Vasconiam. Teste 20 Ap. an. reg. 6. This must have been the sixth of 
Richard II. I382\ 

8. John de Blount de Sodynton dedit Thomae Vicar. Ecclesie de Donnebrugge, et 

Radulp de Barton, Chapleyn, the manor of Sodynton, and the reversion of 
the lands which Dame Johane de Carru held in dower in the same manor, 
and the manor of Tymberlake, and le Orchard, in Worcestershire, and 24 
souls of rent in Bradefield in Wiltshire, and the manors of Uttoxhather, and 
Haselwood, all his lands in Wynley, Nidham, Hordlowe, Holond, Scropton, 
Tuttebury, Orrchynton, Ayonby, Nedwode, and all his lands in Eeycester and 
DefFerd, to hold to them their heirs and assigns for ever. Donne a Uttox- 
hether, Pan du regne le Roy Edward teirs trentessimo. 30 Edw. III. 1356. 
Sigillum Johannis Blount, the three leopards' heads of Sodington b . 

9. Robert Browne of Hatton, gives to Sir John Blount, and Thomas Blount his 

brother, all his goods. 4 Hen. V. 1416. 

10. Sir Walter Blount gives to William Wynceby, and John Seggevaux, Clerks, 
John Fitzherbert, and Henry deTytonsore, Chaplains, all his lands in Burton 
upon Trent, and Brandeston in Staffordshire, and Stapenhull in Derbyshire. 

a By the Statute of Meiton, writs of novel disseizin could not pass the first voyage of Hen. III. intoGascony. 
Ch. 8 
!> See Had. 6079, 19 (col. 392.) 


Dated Burton 17 Rich. II. 1393. Sigillum Walteri Blount. Arms, Blount, 
nebuly. Crest, a bird. The whole fixed against a castle, and surrounded with 

11. Willus fil. Radulphi de Doverdale, ex assensu Eustacie uxoris, dedi Waltero 
le Blount, et Johanne uxori, terras de Bradfeld in Hounlanynton in Willis, 
quam mihi descendebat ex haereditate Eustacie uxoris meae post decessum 
Willmi de Sodyntone fratris sui, in excambio pro aliis terris, viz. his part of 
Hanrugg, which came by his wife Johanna. No date. 

12. Indenture between John Blount, Lord Mountjoy, and James Blount, Esquire. 
Dated y June, 16 Edw. IV. 1476. Seal, an eye in the sun. (This is all the 

13. William Blount, Lord Mountjoy, appoints attorneys to receive possession of 

the manors of Saperton, and Holton in Derbyshire, from John Baker, Will. 
Willoughby, and Walter Blount. 23 Hen. VIII. 1531. 

14. Johannes Blount, Dominus de Montjoy, grant of a messuage in Boylston. 

22 Ed. IV. 1482. Seal six quarters. 1. Ayala, wolves. 2. Tower. 3. Vairy. 
4, 5, 6, blank. Crest, on a coronet two cornuts. 

15. Carta Thoma? le Blund. Grant of lands in Sepperuge, now Shepridge. No 
date, perhaps Hen. III. Seal, Blount, nebuly. 

16. Bond for one thousand pounds, from Nicholas Bakepuz of Barton Bakepuz, to 

Sir Walter Blount. 5 Rich. II. 1381. Dated Tuttebury. Sigillum Nich. 
Bakepuz. Arms, two bars, in chief three horseshoes. Note, Walter Blount, 
miles, duxit Sanchiam fil. et hered. Bakepuz. An evident mistake. 

17. Helena Bakepuz, daughter of Thomas Bakepuz, appoints an attorney to 
deliver her lands in Barton Bakepuz to Nicholas de Knyveton. S Rich. II. 

18. Walterus Blount miles condit testamentum suum apud Lyverpole, 16 Decem- 
bris, anno Domini 1401. Vult corpus suum sepeliri in Eccelia Beatas Maria? 
de Newerk in Leycestria. Sanchia uxor ejus charissima turn superstes, et filii 
sui, Johannes, Thomas, Jacobus, turn superstites. Executor hujus testamenti 
sui est Johannes Blount frater ejus, Thomas Foljamb cognatus ejus, et Thomas 
Langley custos privati sigilli Regis constituitur unus supervisorum ejusdem 
testamenti. Testamentum hoc probatum fuit primo die Augusti. Anno Domini 

In the same manuscript. 

Folio 87. John de Bakepuz, son of Robert de Bakepuz, gives to Saint 
Leonard, and the hospital which his father had founded, between Alment, 
and Benethlee, and the sisters lepers there. (No date, or premises.) 

Fol. 79. Carta Thomae Blount de Kynlet militis. Dat. 21 Hen. VII. 
1505. (only this note.) Seal, a foot or gauntlet in the sun. 


Fol. 84. Indenture between Thomas son of Nicholas de Verdon, Chevalier, 
and John de Stafford, Clerk, and others, (no more.) Dat. apud Burton upon 
Trent, 31 Ed. III. 1357. Sigillum Thorn, de Verdon. Fretty. 


Catalogue of extracts of deeds, and other ancient documents, preserved by Ashmole, 
Manuscripts, vol. 846. fol. 19. 

1. 20 Rich. II. 1396. It appears that Dame Sanchie Blount founded an Hospital, 

called St. Leonard's, of Allkinton, 8 Hen. IV. and appointed a Chaplain to 
pray for her, her children, Sir Walter Blount, and her brethren and sisters. 

2. 9 Edw. II. 1315. Belton, unde GuilK Blount est dnus. 

3. Walter Blount, Lord Mountjoy, having sold to Allicce, Duchess of Suffolk, 

the manor of Swerford, Oxon. for 1000 marks, agrees to deliver to her all the 
evidences. Dated 20th of March, 1470. Sigillum Walteri dni Monjoy, filii 
et heredis Tho. Blount quondam Magni Thesaurarii Normannie. Arms illdrawn, 
quarterly, 2d and 4th nebuly, crest and the rest unintelligible. 

4. Licence of entry to Sir John Blount, son and heir of Sir Walter Blount, late 

Lord Mountjoy, deceased, ac consanguineus et heres Edwardi Blount, fil. 
Willmi Blunt, fil. ejusdem Walteri. 

5. 6. Relate to the family of Willoughby. Dorothy daughter of Thomas Mar- 

quis of Dorset had Anne wife of Charles Blount, Lord Mountjoy. 

7. Voluntas Domine Sanchie Blount, 1415. 

En nom de Dieux, le pieres, et fitz, et le seynt esparite, et del Beate Ma- 
rie virgine, et le tout le seynt compayne de paradiz, Fan du nostre dit seigneur 
Jhesus, 1415, Jeo Sanch, jadis feme de Mountsier Walter Blount, que Dieux 
pardonne, esteaunt in bone memorie, ordeyne et devise mon testant in ma dar- 
raigne volunt en manier qu'ensuyt. En primes Jeo recommand m'alme a 
nostre Jesus, et sa benigne mere la Virgine Mari, et tout les Seynts de Para- 
dize, mon corps d'ester enterres en l'Esgles Collegiat de nostre Dame de Ley- 
cester aupres mon marit avant dit, que Dieux asoyle, Jeo ordeyne et devise que 
les cents liveris quelle ma fille. Item Jeo ordeyne que tout mon vessel 
'Argent, et endoris sont en la value perenter mes quatires fils, cester 
assavoir, Jhon, Thomas, James, et Peter, over la beine foy de Dieux, et de 

S. Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit, Radulphus Shir- 
ley, Armiger, salutem in Domino. Noveritis me dedisse Thome Blount, mi- 
liti, Edwardo Langford, Armigero, Waltero Blount, Armigero, et Thome 
Blount, filio predicti Thome, maritagium Johannis filii mei primogeniti, et he- 


redis. Et quod liceat eis predictum Johannem maritare ubicunque sibi pla- 
cuerit absque disparagatione. Dat. An. 5 Hen V. 

Thomas Blount, Miles, 5 Hen V. 
Thomas Blount, 5 Hen. V. 

Walterus Blount, Miles = Dnia Sanchia. 
mortuusant#, 5 Hen. IV. I 

i i i i i 

Johannes Thomas Jacobus Petrus Constance 
Blount. Blount. Blount. Blount. Blount. 

y. The letter from the Queen of Castile to Donna Sancha. 

10. Assisa, 31 Ed. I. 1302. 

Radulfus de Sodington. 

I 1 

Willus Sodington Eustace nupta W. Doverdale. 

sine exitu. Johan nupt. Will . Blunt. 

Margaret nupt. Reg. de Porter. 

11. Pat. 52 Hen. III. Not very intelligible. Rex. Alienor uxor Edwardi primi. 
terr. Radulphi Montjoy. 

12. Henricus filius Egidii de Meignell dedit Radulpho filio Radu'phi de Montjoy 
terras in Tottingley, 6 Edw. II. 1312. 

13. Inquisitiones capias in Com. Derby, 4 Edw. I. 1275. De Radulpho de Mont- 
joy, 2 mercas et dimid. ut non fiet miles. 

14% Derbie et Not. Philippus de Ulcote, et Johanna uxor ejus petit versus Radus 
de Monjoy, et Amicitiam, matrem suam, tertiam partem totius terras qui ipsi 
tenent de libero tenemento quod fuit Sewoldi de Monjoy, quondam viri sui, 
in Gildisley et Winsore, ut dotem. Placita in Banco, anno regni Reo-is Jo- 
hannis 13, apud West"', 1211. 

Sewaldus de Monjoy = Johanna = Philip]- us de Ulcote. 

15. Ex evidentiis clarissimi viri Caroli Blunt, Comitis Devon, et Baronis de Mon- 
joye, 1603, 27 Feb. 

Sewallus filius Fulcheri Willmo de Monjoy. Confirmation of all his father's 
lands as freely as his father held them in the time of Eadulphus, son of Ethel- 
bert, grandfather of Sewall, by the service of one knight's fee, that is, Gildeslev, 
Mornshall, and half Britchritfeild, to hold of Sewall, and his heirs. Sine dat. 
valde antiqua. 

Willus Munjoye dominusde Gildeslev, Langesley, et Birchrilfeyld. 

16. Milo filius Radulphi de Monjoy dedit Radulpho de Montjoy, fratri ejus, omnes 
terras suas in Britrichfeld. No date. Seal, two squares interwoven. 


17- Radulphus de Monjoy dedit Henrico de Kinton, et Agneti Gilveyne redditus 
in Gayton. 17 Edw. II. 1323. 

18. Willielmus filius Henrici de Kinton dedit Radulpho de Monjoy et Margaretse 

uxori suae, quartan) partem manerii de Gayton. 17 Edw. II. 1323. 

19. Agnes Gilvayne relaxavit Radulpho Monjoy totum jus suum in Gayton. 

30 Edw. III. 1356. 

20. Thomas Barinton miles, et Margareta uxor ejus constituunt Henricum de la 

Bene de Frowdeswall attornatum suum tradere possessionem Thomaede Mont- 
joy de omnibus terris suis in Birchinfeyld, Mournsale, Longesdcn, et Tot- 
tinley in le Peek, et in Shawesdale in Com. Derb. 21 Edw. III. 1347. 

21. Escaet. 3 Hen. VI. 1421. 

Juliana,=Johannes Blount Isabella, 

prima uxor. I secunda uxor. 

I ~ 1 

Johannes Johannes 

Blount. Blount. 

Escaet. 21 Hen. VI. 1442. 

Johannes Blunt miles. Iste Johannes dedit tenements 

in Johi fil. suo et Izabell. 

uxori sua. 

Johannes = Izabell 
Blount, Arm. I uxor ejus. 


Johannes Iste Johes feoffavit Tho. Blount et al. 

Blount. in Feod. ac inde per implendum 

voluntat. suam, et post declaravit vo- 
luntat. solvendum debit, et le maundes 
ad marian : et alia facere quae nondum 
sunt nee potuere. 

f 1 , 

Edwardus Petrus Blont, 

Blunt, miles qui nunc petit, 

et Johanna 

uxor ejus. 

22. Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit, Johannes Blount 
de Soddington salutem in Domino. Noveritis me remisisse, &c. Johanni de 
Knivton de Bradeley totum jus, &c. in omnibus terris et in Morneshall et in 
prato vocato Money Meadow in feodo de Underwood que Walterus Blount et 
Johannes Fawconer milites, tenentur in comuni. Dat. Anno 8 Richardi (II 01 ? 
1384.) Sigillum Johannis Blount de Sodington. 3 leopards' heads, &c. 

Note. This deed proveth directly that Blount of Sodington is descended 


from Montjoy by reason the lands mentioned be the Lord Montjoy's land. 
Ashmole c . 

Johannes Blont 
de Soddington. 

Johannes Blount de Sodington 
qui alienavit terras Waltero 
Blount, militi, fratri suo 48 
Edw. III. 1374. 

Walterus Blunt, Sanch. 

miles, 48 Edw. I 

1 think there wanteth a 

Jhon Blont after this Waiter, 

and before Thomas. 




1 1 
Petrus. Constantia 

Walterus primus 

Doms. Montjoy, 

5 Ed. IV. 


ob. in vita 



Dns. Montjoy, 

ob infra, set. 


Doms. Blunt, 
condid. Test. 
30Jun. 1475. 


Blunt, miles, 



Lora uxor, 
et obiit ante 1567- 

l. Montjoy. 


Will of the first (third) Lord Mountjoy John, 5th of July, 1484. John Blount, 
Knight, Lord Mountjoy, Lieutenant of the Castell of Guisnes. Lowre his 
wife to have for life, Belton, Allerton, Cottesmore, Gretham, Locester, and 
Defferd, in Rutlandshire. William his son and heir, Rowland Blount his son. 
Mentions his cousin William Blount, his brother James. Advises his sons not 
to be great. (Fuller in Dugdale Baron, vol. i. p. 520.) 

Inquisitio post mortem Thorns Blount, 8 Edw. IV. 1468. militis, at Lincoln. 
Tenuit Melton, Petre, Wotton, Eastham, &c. Robertus Blount est filius et 
heres Thomas et Agnetse, et 9 annorum. Natus fuit 37 Hen. VI. 1459. 

c That is, were Sir Ralph Montjoy's lands, here called Lord Montjoy, as appears by No. 15. It proves there- 
fore that Sodington is descended from Isolda the daughter and heiress of Thomas Montjoy. The title of Lord 
Montjoy was not created till long after the date of this deed in 1465. This is confirmed by Sodington's bear- 
ing the Moutjoy arms, viz. gules, 3 escutcheons, or, and agrees with Bigland's pedigrees, and that annexed to 
the Harleian deeds, No. 6079, page 130. Yet much of the Montjoy property went in the Lord Mountjoy fa- 
mily. See 12 — 20. and the Inquis. P. M. of the first Lord Mountjoy. 


25. Note, that the manors of Barton and Bayleston, were made over by Sir Ni- 
cholas Bagpus to Sir Walter Blount. 5 Rich. II. 1381. 

26. John Blount, Lord Mountjoy, and James Blount his son (brother) to Thomas 

Brian, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and Izabella his wife, late wife of 
Thomas Blount, Esquire, grant of a rent of 100 shillings for their lives. 
16 Edw. IV. 1476. 

27. A deed between William Blount, and John Blount his son, and John Alleyne, 

Alice his wife, and Thomas Ingram de Witch. Alleyne, grants the manor of 
Thickineltre. Edward III. 

28. Indenture between Elizabeth, late wife of Sir Thomas Blount, and Walter 
Blount, Thomas Blount, and Thomas Walshe. Elizabeth lets them all her 
manors of Hampton Lovett, and Wich, in Worcestershire, Ekenton, in North- 
amptonshire, Madeley and Fold, in Staffordshire, Allaxton in Leicestershire, 
Saperton, both Parrocke, Hayflates, and Fullbroke, in Derbyshire. 58 Hen. 
VI. 1459. 

29. John Kniveton, Lord of Bradeley, of one part, and Richard Blount, and Ralph 

Bakpus of the other, witnesses, that since Ralph Mountjoy had lately granted 
to Sir William Kniveton, grandfather of John, a certain rent of 11 marks, 12 
shillings, and 8 pence, issuing out of Gay ten, it was agreed that if they would 
pay 100 shillings yearly they should be exonerated from the rent. 4 Edw. III. 


Edmund Blunt, Thomas Blount, 

ob. 8 Ed. IV. Elizabeth de Bellocampo 

uxor ejus, postea renupta 

Simon Blunt, Tliomae Selman. 

aet. 16\ an. 

30. Sir Walter Blount appoints an attorney to deliver to William Chisselden the 

manor of Gayton, in Staffordshire, and Haselwood, Yeldersley, Brighrich- 
feild, Monsale Parva, and Longseard. 1 Rich. II. 1377. 

31. John Kniveton to William Fawconer, release of rents. 12 Rich. II. 1388. 

32. A fine levied. Ralph de Montjoy, and Margaret his wife, and Nicholas de 
Denston, of lands, &c. in Gayton, to remain with Ralph. 17 Edw. II. 1323. 

33. John de Kniveton de Brady, Waller Blount, and John Fawconer. Complaint 
of trespass, in Gayton. 

34-. John Kniveton releases to Walter Blount a rent of 11 marks in Gayton. 12 

Rich. II. 1388. 
35. Letters of Administration of the effects of Sir Thomas Blount granted to Wal- 


ter Blount his son and heir, Sir Thomas Greisley, Thomas Blount, and Ro- 
bert Bailey, Esquires, 1456. Note. Query ifthis Thomas Blount be not the 
lineal ancestor to Sir Michael Blount, of Maple Durham, and brother to Wal- 
ter, first Lord Mountjoy. 

36. Johannes Lovet, Dominus de Amnelby, dominas Izabellae matri suae uxori do- 

mini VVillelmi de Blound, manerium et terras in Timberlacke. (This is all.) 
Seal, Lovet, 3 wolves' heads. 

37. Willus de Blund, miles, dedit Waltero le Blund, fratis suo, terras in Timber- 
lack. Edw. II. 


I 1 

Willus. Blunt, Alicia, nupta, 

Richardo Stury, militi. 

38. An imperfect abstract of an indenture between Dame Sanchia Blount, and John 
Savadge, Coventry. 18 Hen. IV.? 

39. Thomas de Hugford, Rector of Hampton Lovett, grants to Sir John Blount, 
and Elizabeth his wife, the manors of Hampton Lovett, with the advowson, and 
Thickinapeltre, and afterwards to William their son. 19 Edw. III. 1315. 

40. A tresrevrent et treshomrable Seigneur le Com. de Warwic. Supplie humble- 

ment vestre tenant Alice que fuit la femine Monseur Richard Sturi. She 
claims lands in Thicknapeltre in Worcestershire, as heir to her brother Wil- 
liam Blount. 

41. The Duke of Exeter gives 1000 marks to Thomas Blount, to found achauntry 
in the college called the New Warke of Leicester, with ten priests to sing 
masses for the souls of Sir John Blount, his father Sir Walter Blount, and his 
mother Dame Sanche. 1 Hen. VI. 1422. 

42. John de London and John de Blund de Sodington mentioned. 30 Edw. III. 


43. Milites Parliamenti, Anno 35 Edw. I. 1306, in Com. Berks, Hugo de Blound, 
et Johannes de la Hanse. 

44. Anna, Ducissa Buckingham, et nuper uxor Walteri Blount de Mountjoy, mi- 
litis, defuncti, obiit 20 Septembris. 4 Edw. IV". 1464 d . Et Johannes est fi- 
lms et heres predicti Walteri. Est aetatis 30 annorum. Escaei. 

45. Rex concessit Waltero Blount Domino de Mountjoy, et Annae, Ducissse Buck- 
ingham, uxori suae, custodiam castrorum, &c. quss fuerunt Humfridi, nuper 
Ducis Bucks, in Anglia et villa Callice, ratione minoris aetatis Henrici consan- 
guinei et heredis. 10 Edw. IV. 1470. 

ledied 20 


46. Inquisitio post mortem Gertrude Marchionissas Exeter. Tenuit maneria ile 

Frenington, Bakerton, Unholme. 


f ) 

Constance . Tirrel, William Ld. Mountjoy. 

Sir John Baker, John Tirrel, Gertrude, 

of Sissinhurst, Kent. of Heron, in Marchioness of Exeter. 



Richard Baker = Katherine,fil. et 

I her. Johis Tirrel. , 

John Baker, found 
heir to Gertrude. 

47. Release, William Wincley, &c. to Sir Walter Blount of all lands in Barton 
Bakepuz, Alkmanton, Boylston, Sutton, Lutchurch, Brightrichfeyld, Lange- 
don, Totenley, Hasilwood, near Duffiekl, Newton near Dalbury, Spendon and 
Saperton, Com. Derb. Gayton and Tutbury, in Staffords. Allexton, Estnorton, 
Leycester, Defford in Leicestershire, Ekton in Northamptonshire. No date. 

48. Johannes de Nordeville, &c. claim of John, son of Walter Blount, the manor 

of Passingham, in Northamptonshire. 5 Edw. III. 1331. 

49. Thomas Blount, Armiger, et Johannes Borsham, Clericus, executores testamenti 

Sanchias, quas fuit uxor Walteri Blount, militis, defuncti. Cum Dominus Hen- 
ricus nuper Rex Angliae quartus concesserit Sanchias custodiam omnium ter- 
rarum, &c. ratione minoris aetatis filii et heredis ejusdem Johannis, Domina 
Sanchia condidit testamentum in 1415. 

50. Richardus Blount de Evre (Iver) com. Bucks, vult sepeliri in cancella ejusdem 
ecclesiae, 14 Sep. 22 Hen. VII. 1506. 

Richardus Blount = Elizabeth, fil. et heres 
de Evre, ob. de la Ford. 

22 Hen. VII. 

'Ill 1 

Barnaby Richard. Elizabeth. Anna. Elizabeth. 


51. Johannes de Boschervilla to John de Backpus his uncle, grant of Allackston, 
to hold of himself, in curia Roberti Grimbaude, qui advocatus est ipsius feudi. 
No date. 

Johannes de Boschervilla. = Matilda. 

Simon de Boschervilla. 


52. John de Bakpuz grants Nicholas, his son, a virgate of land in Allexton, half a 
a meadow, in Brimswald, land between le Edeen de Hornicald, and the road 
to Northampton. No date. Seal, a lion rampant. 

53. Peter de Bakepus confirms to Nicholas Bakepus the land in Allaxton which 
he had from his father. 

54. Alicia, daughter of Robert de Bakepuz, grants to John de Bakepuz, her brother, 
all her land in Allaxton. Mentions Robert Grimbaude her uncle, and John 
her son. No date. 

55. Robert de Bakepuz, son of Robert, confirms his father's grant to his brother 
John, of land in Rumpton and Aysendon. 

Robert de Bakepuz. 

I . / 

Robert, junior. Johannes. 

56. John de Bakepuz to Nicholas his son, confirmation of land in Allaxton. 

57. Agreement. John de Bakepuz, &c. 

No. XIX. 


Original letter of Richard Blond, a Jesuit, to Pere Seguiran at Paris, touching the 
French Match. 

From the Original. Harl. No. 1583. f. 227. 


Reverendo in Christo Patri P. Seguiran, Societatis Jesu in Domo Professa. 

(Seal I JI S Propositus Provincialis Anglise Soci. Jesu.) 

Reverende in Christo Pater, 
Pax Christi. 
Cum in Hispania nuperrime tractaretur cum Catholica Majestate, de sorore sua 
Serenissima Infanta danda in uxorem Serenissimo Principi nostra Carolo, ut non 
defuerunt qui Societatem nostram tantum reluctari ac obstare dictitarint, ne id 
fieret: Patresque nostros quasi solos authores abrumpendi tractatus accusarint, 
quod eas conditiones exigi a Domino nostro Rege Magnse Britannia; curassent, 
quibus assentiri non poterat; ita in eo tractatu qui nunc habetur, cum Christianis- 


sima Majestate, canclem baud dubio mensuram, et irrationabiles calumnias, ab ad- 
versariis nostris expcctare oportebit. Quamobrem visum est pra?venire, et Reve- 
rentiam Vestram paucis informare, ut si qua se occasio tulerit, pro Societate nostra 
respondcre opportune et certo possit. 

1. Ac imprimis quotquot hie in Anglia de Societate versamur, omni cum humi- 
litate et patientia divina? nos providentia? submittimus, plena cum resignatione, 
promptaque voluntate amplcxuri, quicquid divina? ejus Majestati placebit, in pra?- 
senti de matrimonio tractatu, Regibus inspirare, ut de nobis, omnibusque Catholicis 
statuant ac decernant. 

2. Ut non possumus absque nota summa? ingratitudinis, non gratissime agnos- 
cere intercessiones ac preces quascunque cujusvis Principis, qui nobis et Catholicis 
omnibus inter tot ac tantas serumnas constitutis, solatium aliquod impetrare pro sua 
benignitate, aut hactenus allaboraverit, aut etiam in posterutn allaborabit: ita ex 
animo, syncere, ac serio profitemur, protestamurque, post Deum, et salva Religione 
C atholica, nullam prorsus a quoquam dependentiam unquam habituros, aut agni- 
turos, proeterquam a Solo Domino Nostro naturali Rege Magna? Britannia?, cui 
praecipue quicquiil nobis gratia? ac favoris fiet, pro debito nostro, semper ac liben- 
tissime acceptum feremus. 

3. Conditionibus vero, sive capitulationibus, aut articulis quibuscunque a Domino 
nostro Rege Magna; Biitanniae rogandis, aut extorquendis, adeo non insistimus, ut 
tanquam rem ab Instituto plane alienam abhorreamus, memoreseorum decretorum, 
quibus cavet nostra Societas (uti bene novit Reverentia Vestra) ne quis Patrum 
negotiis Principum se immiscere praesumat. Quare licet optimas (quod cuique 
proclive est,) coiulitiones cupiamus, Religionique Catholica? commodissimas; curam 
tamen omnem eas quovis modo suggerendi, nedum prrescribendi, penitus renuncia- 

4. Porro matrimonium Serenissimi Principis nostri cum quacunque Principe 
Catholica, multoque magis cum sorore Serenissimi Regis Christianissimi, adeo non 
improbamus, aut a versamur, ut nihil sit quod vehementius optemus, quam ut de eo 
ad certum utriusque Corona? bonum, quod inde merito speratur, et optatam Chris- 
tiana? Reipublica? universa? pacem, inter Reges citissime conveniat. 

5. Denique etiamsi leges omnes pcenales contra Catholicos variis temporibus 
statuta? ac decreta?, non solum in suo summo vigore modo sint, sed strictius etiam 
quam unquam, et magis speciale mandatum a Domino nostro Rege Magna? Britan- 
nia? recenter emanaverit, quo judicibus, creterisque justitia? ministris gravissime 
injunctum est, ut eas omni cum severitate et rigore, excepto sanguine, executioni 
mandandas, per universas llegni provincias curarent; et reipsa aliquot hominum 
millia extrema qua?que cum familiarum suarum ruinis mox expectent : adeo tamen 
optamus, ut matrimonium quod modo apud Christianissimum Regem tractatur, 
desideratum cunctis effectum sortiatur, ut si Dominus Noster Rex Magna? Britan- 


niae, ob nimis strictas conditiones, quas forte continget praeter expcctationem exio-j, 
tractatum iterum abrumpendum, etfiliosuo Serenissimo Principi nostro, alias potius 
nuptias inter Protestantes aut Puritanos ex sententia ac voto procerum in Parla- 
mento paucos ante menses congregatorum, quaerendas decerneret; in hoc inquam 
eventu, malimus (quod ad nos attinet) nullis adjectis pactisve conditionibus, matri- 
monium cum Serenissima Sorore Regis Cliristianissimi expediri, (si ita Regibus 
videbitur,) et de caetero pietati, commiserationi, ac elementiae Domini Nostri Regis 
Magnae Britanniae nos commitlere, ac bono quod a Catholieo saltern matrimonio 
sperari poterit, duntaxat inniti; quam eorum malorum discrimen adire, quas ex 
matrimonio cum quovis Principe adversae Religionis, (quod Deus avertat) certis- 
sime secutura videntur. 

Atque hoc est meum et totius Societatis in hoc Regno de preesenti tractatu judi- 
cium, etdesiderium. Reverentiam itaque Vestram iterum atque iterum rogo, per 
viscera Christi, ut quod in se ( erit, huic cum sorore Regis Cliristianissimi matrimonio 
facilem aditum aperire, illudque promovere totis viribus velit: cum salva divina 
providentia, cujus viae sunt inscrutabiles, turn ad solatium et levamen Catholicorum, 
sub afHictione gravissima et maxime diuturna gementium, turn etiam ad stabilem 
amicitiam et perpetuum inter utramque Coronam fcedus, ac universi Christiani 
Orbis pacem. optimum plane et commodissimum medium videatur. Sanctis Reve- 
rentiae Vestrae sacrificiis et orationibus me commendo. Londini 20 Julii, 1624, 
stylo veteri. 

Revcrentia; Vestra; 

Servus in Christo, 



Father Richard Blount's Admonitions to tlie Jesuits of the English Missio?i contain 
twelve pages in folio, in Mores History. The heads are as follows. 

De Dei gloria, animi magnitudine, et indifferentia. Ad labores et difficultates 
parandus animus. Ad perfectionem conandum. Tiia genera eorum qui in missione 
versantur, scilicet, quorundum qui privatim se domi continent, et vix ullam cum 
proximo conversationem habent; aliorum qui toti sunt in itineribus, et diem vacuum 
raro sortiuntur; ac denique eorum qui vel recolleciioni, vel conversationi quantum 
fere volunt, el quemadniodum volunt, tribuere possunt. De studiis. De conver- 
satione. De non levitcr circumcursando. De castitate. De paupertate. De 
obedientia. Christi Domini imitatio. Unio cum Deo. De hora considerationis. 
Uno verbo omnia me comprehendis^e existimabo, cum id quod a Christo Domino 
mihi ante alios dictum esse satis video, vobis omnibus dixero. — "\ r igilate. 

After an introduction, he proceeds to his admonitions, of which the following is 
the whole of the first head. 


Atque imprimis ut unius Dei gloriam habeatis semper ob oculos, cujus turn 
Sanctus Pater Noster Ignatius, in singulis prope capitibus suarum Constitutionum 
nos admonet, turn res ipsa docet quidquid alio fine suscipiatur in perturbationem 
aut fumum desinere. Et quidem si ad finem qui in Missione nostra in Angliam 
spectari debet advertamus animum, (qui communi fini societatis est, ut sic dicam, 
subalternus) quid obsecro sperari poterit, si quis, vel desiderio videndae postliminio 
patriae, vel propinquorum affectui, vel taedio (quod absit) Collegialis observantias 
indulo-ens, vel inconstantia animi abductus, vel aliodenique parum solido prsetextu, 
earn ambiat aut procuret ? Etenim Missio nostra, si rem penitus introspiciamus, 
difficultatibus et laboribus plena est, si variorum personarum consortia, abundat 
periculis, si quotidianas divini obsequii occasiones, immensi seges est meriti, ut 
tantae rei sinistram aliquam animi affectionem admisceri neque tutum omnino sit, et 
homine Societatis indignum. Et ex adverso pusilli animi, earn vel otii vel reli- 
quorum commodorum causa detractare. 

Itaquequas duo virtutes Sanctus Pater Noster Ignatius ubique conjunctas esse 
vult, Animi scilicet Magnitudinem, atque Indifferentiam, eas profecto comparare 
sibi quisque debet qui huic Missioni deservit. Animi Magnitudo divinam gloriam 
in omnibus respicit; ad omnia hujus glorias studio se extendit; hanc gloriam in- 
scriptam quae non praeferunt ut se indigna aspernatur. Indifferentia eidem divinae 
gloriae varia meditantes attemperat, neque extra terminos vagari sinit. Sed cum 
eandem gloriam, quam vos quaeritis, multo ardentius Deus ipse prosequatur, turn 
certius meliusque vestra opera in ea amplificanda utetur, ac longius recto itinere 
provehet, cum, quasi positis ventis, suavem hanc atque a?quabilem animi disposi- 
tionem indueritis, et zelo miscueritis indifferentiam. Quae ratio est cur idem S. 
Pater noster fundamento spiritualium suorum exercitiorum has utrasque virtutes 
intexuerit; quo intelligatis eas ad ipsam basini spiritualis cujuscumque aedificii 
omnino pertinere, qua concussa aedificium nutet, sublata, corruat. Itaque sicut 
fundament! solide collocandi atque illibati semper conservandi non potest essenimia 
cura; ita cum initio suscipitis cogitationem hujus Missionis aut petendae aut ob- 
eundas, ac deinde toto ejusdem progressu atque decursu, unam divinam gloriam 
pra; oculis habentes, Indifferentiam ad Missionem ipsam, ad loca, ad tempora, ad 
personas, ad occupationes, et quaevis alia per quas ipsa divina gloria a vobis pro- 
curanda sit, nunquam vos contingat oblivisci ; quo eidem Deo cujus gloriam quae- 
ritis inveniamini semper subjecti ; et lanto fidentius ad divinam Majestatem in om- 
nibus recnrrere possitis, quanto vobismet ipsi concii estis vos ad particularia non 
nisi ipso impellente cucurrisse. Et sane huic rei unumquemque vestrum eo atten- 
tius invigilare convenit, quo Missio nostra in ipsis prope finibus, ut ita dicam, sinis- 
trarum affectionum sita est. Non enim mittimur ad exteras nationes, sed in patriam, 
quas vox ut gratum quiddam naturae sonat, ita parentum, fratrum, propinquorum, 
rehquorumque commodorum memoriam revocat, provocat desiderium, et ipsa loci 


vicinitate importunius ingerit. Quanta igitur virtus uniuscujusque esse debet qua? 
vim banc sustineat, impetum naturae repellat, et vel necessariorum fores (forte?) in con- 
spectupositas, vel caeteras terra; lacte et melle fluentis illecebras (donee Superiori visum 
fuerit) patiatur esse intacias ! Hanc virtutem Propheta vobis prascipuecommendat, 
et in vobis Jaudat; Quern docebit scientiam? Quern intelligere faciet auditum? 
Ablactatos a lacte; avulsos ab uberibus. Ga. 28. 9. Hasc scientia Sanctorum esl ; 
haec laus qua nulla prasstantior ; a gustalo lacte nativo, et a prope jam contnetis 
uberibus non teneri. Quid in hac re vobis faciendum sit excmplo suo S. P. N. 
docuit, cum in patriam proficisci necessarium illi fuit. Turn qua ratione id facien- 
dum et ad optatum finem facile perducendum sit sapienter prsemonuit, cum omnes 
qui filiorum ipsius numero censeri cupiunt ipso in limine interrogari vult. " Si quo 
" tempore in difficultatem vel ilubium aliquod incidant circa ass alienum vel quod 
" teneantur subvenire parentibus, vel consanguineis, in spirituali, vel corporali, vel 
" alia quavis temporali necessitate constitutis, eos invisendo, vel alia ratione; num 
" proprio sensu ac judicio deposito, conscientiae vel judicio Societatis, vel sui 
" Superioris id velint relinquere, ut cum statuerit ille quod in Domino justum esse 
" senserit, ei acquiescant." Ex. c. 3. 3. Qua; cautio nos prassertim tangit ne 
importunis desideiiis propinquos pras caeteris juvandi aut visendi iilecti, aut hoc vel 
illo loco quo natura impellat, aut humana ratio vocet, commorandi, incidamus in 
laqueum Diaboli, et fontem divinae glorias rivulis carnalis afrectus perturbemus. 
Quo spectat etiam illud quod alio loco idem Sanctus Pater cavit his verbis vos allo- 
quens; " Erit ejus qui mittitur officium, nulla ratione se ingerendo, ad eundum vel 
" monendum in hoc loco potius quam in illo, plenam omnino ac liberam sui dis- 
" positionem Superiori, qui eum Christi loco dirigit, ad ipsius majus obsequium ac 
" laudem, relinquere." (Const, p. 7. c. 2. 8.) Et quoniam non ad nos ipsos solum 
base Indifferentia pertinet, sed ad alios quibuscunque nobis necessitudo aliqua esse 
possit, prosequitur; " Sic etiam ut alii maneant alicubi, vel alio se conferant, nemo 
" quoquo modo sine consensu Superioris sui procurare debet." Hinc planum fit 
prohiberi, ne quis Principem, vel communitatem, vel hominem quemvis magnae 
auctoritatis ad scribendum Superiori, vel verbo tenus petendum aliquem de Socie- 
tate moveat, nisi prius cum Superiore communicata re hanc esse ipsius voluntatem 
intellexerit. Quae recitasse sufficiet. 

Assuefacite igitur animos vestros, Patres mei, cum Angliam cogitatis, post divi- 
nam gloriam, non commoda (quas in Collegiis vir spiritualis multo plura inveniet) 
non oblectamenta variarum conversationum, non pompam vestium, et castera liujus- 
modi cogitare, quae, ut parce loquar, humilia sunt, et saspe saepius fallunt expecta- 
tionem; sed labores, sed difficultates; quae partim sunt interna?, in perpetua vigi- 
lantia sitas, et abnegatione eorum quae sensum acriter irritant; partim externa?: 
Nam in ipso statim ingressu in Angliam, cum quis, periculis carcerum divina benig- 
nitate superatis, in tutum evaserit, non possunt confestim suppeditari a Superioribus 
5 L 


omnia quae cuipiam videbuntur necessaria ad vestitum, ad victum, ad iter, ad liabi- 
tationem. Turn quando ut feret occasio provisum vobis de his fuerit, quoties acci- 
det ut loci temperies, ut cibus, ut potus, ut cubiculum, ut personae, non sint usque- 
quaque constitution! corporis aut animi vestri consentanea? Videbitur deinde sibi 
aliquis solitarie degere, neque fructu pro voto ac spe concepta de proximis potiri; 
alius neque libros, neque tempus ad studia, ut optat, prosequenda, vel ad tempus 
ipsum fallendum sortietur. Hie meminisse quisque debet se virum praestare, et 

virum Societatis. Si vitam, si corporis totius, si membri cujusvis sanitatem, si 

commodam habitationem, si studia, si labores, si fructum, si otium, si quidvis deni- 
que aliud quod arrideat pro ejus voluntate (Domini Dei) veraciter poneie statuistis, 
et (quod pro exiguo stipendiofaciunt milites saeculi) nulla occasione de stationedece- 
dere, priusquam idem ille qui vos in ea per mantis Superioris collocavit inde avocet 
Deus, hcec sunt veris amoris argumenta; baec sincera praeludia ad futuros carceres 
quos expetitis, ad tormenta, ad mortem, vitam quam non potestis totam simul, per 
partes deponere; quern sanguinem ruptis venis non datur effundere, in ipsis venis, 
si necesse sit, prodigere. 


No. XX. 



From a Manuscript in the possession of the Family. 

John Carrington, second son of Sir Thomas Carrington 1 ', was brought up by 
Sir John Nevill in Gascony, where he served Richard the Second, to twenty-five 
years of age. His eldest brother being dead, he came into England, and served 
Richard the Second there, until Henry of Lancaster caught him in Wales, brought 
him to London, and from thence to Windsor Castle. Where the Earls of Hunting- 
don, John Holland, and Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, John Montacute, Earl 
of Saium, the Dukes of Surrey, and Exeter, and A u marie, the Lord Spencer, &c. c 
thought to have set him at liberty, and have destroyed Henry, Duke of Lancaster ■ 
but Miles Hobarf 1 , a servant of the Earl of Kent, discovered the whole plot to 
Henry, Duke of Lancaster 6 , who therefore left the Castle of Windsor and fled to 
London, with Richard the Second, the Lords following hard after, and out of hopes 
to overtake him, returned to Colebrook r , and sent letters into all parts, by this John 

Notes from authentic histories, which confirm the correctness of this account. 

2 In one copy, Blunts. 

t> Walsingharn, Hist. p. 237, and Hollinshed, page 1016, record the history of a duel, in the reign of Richard 
the Second, between Aneslce, a knight, and Karryngton, an Esquire, Karryngton was accused by the other of 
treason for selling a castle to the French, and, being defeated in the combat, died the next day raving mad. 

c John Holland, late Duke of Execester, and Earl of Huntingdon; Thomas Holland, late Duke of Surrey, 
and Earl of Kent; Edmond, late Duke of Auniale, and Earl of Rutland, son to the Duke of York; John 
Montacute, Earl of Salisbury; Thomas Spencer; Sir Ralph Lumley, Sir Thomas Blunt, Sir Benedict Sely, 
Knights, with others. Stow, Ann. page 525. Sir Thomas Blunt was beheaded. 

d In one copy it is Miles Herbert. 

= The manner in which this conspiracy was discovered does not seem to be clearly ascertained. The acci. 
dental disclosure of the paper of the Duke of Aumale is not mentioned by Walsingharn, or some others of the 
original historians. Nor is it noticed by the accurate Carte. The treachery of that Duke is equally unsupported. 

f The conspirators, instead of marching to London, to meet the King, took the road to Reading, and en- 
camped near Colebrook. Rapin, vol. i. p. 4S9. 

Les dessus-nommiz Comtes de Hos idonne ! Huntingdon) et de Sallibery (Sa'isbury) ct tous les mitres de leur 

alliance, eurent conseil et avis, qu'ils tirerolent vers Londres, et ne pouvoit estrequ'il n'y eust aucuns Londriens 

(qui aimoient le Roy Richard) qui se tirerolent a. eux, pour teuir leur paity. Si se department de Collebnith 

(Colebrook) et, celui jour, vindrent loger a Brandeforde (Brentford) a sept miles de Londres : n'oncques aucuns 

5 L 1 


Carrington, Richard Atwick, Robert Newborough, William Lindsey, &c. to let 
them understand the truth of matters, and William Fitzwilliams, a younger son of 
John Fitzwilliams, of Emly Ebor. and Captain Blont of Warwickshire, having 
called out each of them a good party of stout horsemen, they scouted out so far as 
Brentford, near which place they met with a strong party of Henry of Lancaster's, 
namely 160, worsted them, and brought away many prisoners, of whom, and of 
some friends living on the road, they had true information of Henry of Lancaster's 
resolution, and speedily by those faithful and valiant Captains, came news of their 
great danger by Henry of Lancaster. Hereupon they called a council of war pre- 
sently, about twelve at night, and ordered the common soldiers to betake themselves 
each to his own home, and so many as would to go to certain sea ports where they 
should have shipping to pass them into France. Most of the chieftanes fled to Poole, 
and, in a small ship, bound for St. Malo, from Briitain, they there arrived, and 
thence to Paris, and so tydings came to King Charles of France, that King Richard, 
who had wedded his daughter Isabell, als. Ann, was murdered. 

Carrington, Atwick, Newborough, Lindsey, Fitzwilliams, Blont, and other com- 
manders, with many English soldiers, got them into Italy, where they served the 
Duke of Milan against the Emperor 5 , and, in the fight between them, within twenty 

Lonlriens ne setirereni vers eux, mais se tirercDt a leur ville. Quand ils veirent ce, ils se tirerent au matin 
Ters Sainct Albons, line grosse ville, et la se logerent, et y furent un jour, et le lenderuairjils allerent ;i Varque- 
mestede (Berkhamstead). Ainsi environnoient ils le pais, et faisoient enteudant de ce Magdalain que e'etoit 
le Roy Richard, et vindrent a une grosse ville et forte, qu'on dit Soucestre (Cirencester.) Froissart, torn. iiii. 
chap. 117. page 318. Edit. Sauvage, 1574. In Johne's translation, vol. xii. page 133. chap. 20. 

De chevauchier par le pat's. 

Pour assembler tous les amis 

Es aliez du Roy Rlchart. 

Elas 1 ilz le 6rent trop tart ! 

Car le Due Henry, sans attendre 

Qui vouloit a lour ruort entendre, 

Hastivement y envoia 

Tant de gens concquez neschapa 

Nulz, de ceulx qu'il voldrent avoir. 

Si firent ilz bien leur devoir 

Deulx deffendre moult longuement. 

Mais contre due estoieut cent, 

Ou plus, sicomme jouy dire. 
MSS Histoire du "oy d' Angleterre. A fine illuminated manuscript in the British Museum, the original, and 
which was written by a Frenchman who was sent by the King of France, and was in the suite of Richard. 
S A great connexion subsisted at this time between England and Milan. 

1. Many English soldiers served in Italy for many years before. Machiavel, Hist. Florence, book 1. In the 
time of Bernabii, by the Italian cities, conducti sunt communi sere in Italian), Angli et Biitoncs ex Armorico 
ocenno. Paulus Jovius, page 315. Galeazzo himself had received his military education under Englishmen. 
Apud patreio, palruumque Bcrnabam, Germanorum et Ilritannorum adventu rudimenta militia' posuit. l'aulus 

APPENDIX, No. XX. 813 

miles of Millayne, the English, being put upon the hardest service, did give such 
an onset on the Imperialists, that ihey were routed, and put to flight 1 '. Carrington, 
and Newborough, were took prisoners, an Esquire of kin to the Bishop of Collen 
had of him in six weeks a great sum for his ransom. The rest were taken prisoners. 
The Emperor, being overthrown, left Milayn with shame; the English continued in 
Milan with great credit, and got great rewards of the Duke, for their service. 
Carrington, Newborough, Blont, Fitzwilliams, and other commanders, continued 

Jov'.us Vita Mediolan. Principuin. Apud Graviuiu Thcsaur. vol. iii. p. 31.9. Sir John Hawkwood was a cele- 
brated English commander, and married Doninia, the natural daughter of Duke Bemabo. Paulus Jovius. 

2. From the marriage of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, second son of Edward the Third, with Violante, daughter 
of the late, and sister to the reigning Duke of Milan, which was suggested by the Englishmen in bis service. 
Lcs Anglois qu'il avoit a sa solde lui firent naitre c tte idee, et lui en faciliterent le succis. Vie de Petrarch, 
vol. iii p. 720. He took with bim a great number of Englishmen, and was entertained most magnificently at 
Milan This marriage took place in 136S. 

h The following account of this war and the battle is given by Corio. L'Historia di Milano, Ed. Milan, 
1503. The subsequent editions are much castrated. I. Fiorentini unironsi con altri contra Giovan Galeazzo. 
E dall' altro canto cominciarono a sollecitare il nuovo Imperatore a voler entrar in Italia, promettendogli che 
nel pnncipio della venuta sua gli farebbono haver Brescia, niediante la quale verrebbe a conseguir facile l'entrata 
d'AIemagna in queste bande. — Oltra di questo gli promisero, accio che potesse sodisfare gli esserciti, quattro 
cento mila ducati nella prima entrata d'ltalia — Per questo 1' Imperatore sollevato per si gran promessa, et troppo 

audace divenuto, per entrare in Italia coraincio a congregare un potentissimo essercito II Duca, senza per- 

dita di tempo, da ogni parte raunO tutte le genti d'arme che pote bavere al suo stipendio, oltre a quattro mila 
lance, la niaggior parte scelte, et perite, per l'uso delle continue guerre, Delia disciplina militare. 

Ruberto, del mese d'Ottobre, con quindici mila cavalli, et col Duca d'Austria, passando in Italia, venne \ 
Treuto, dove piii giorni fece dimora. Della veDuta di costui i Fiorentini, et tutta la lega fecero grandissimi 
trionfi, stimando esser venuto il tempo, nel quale bavesse e succedere 1'ultima ruina del Duca. Indi i Fiorentini, 
per parte della sodisfattione prome sagli de' denari, gli mandarono cento mila fiorini. L'Imperatore inconsidera- 
mente fu condotto per vie solitarie, et aspre, nella Valle Tropia. lontana da Brescia otto miglia, e quivi andu 
anchora Francesco da Carrara, Principe di Padova, con proposito di subito haver Brescia, secondo la promessa 
fatta a lui per li Fiorentini. Ma perch' ella era fornita di cib ch'era uecessario per resistere al niniico, poco 
profitto polo fare contra quella citta, e il suo territorio, eoncio fosse che 1'Imper.itore, come iinperito della dis 
ciplina militare, gran parte delle sue genti havesse lasciato ne' monti. Che veramcnte s'egli, come si scrive, 
havesse havuto buona esperienza nell' arte militare, n-n solo il piano de Brescia, ma fino su quel di Milano con 
copiosa preda barebbe potuto entrare. Ma, o che dubitasse, o che conoscesse not) poter' haver Brescia, mai da 
monti non si volse discostare. 

Pur finalmente, un giorno, gran numero delle sue genti, con qu.lle della Valle, trascorrendo verso la citta, 
s'incentrarono in Facino Cane, e inOttoterzo, Capitani del Duca, ch'erano usciti di Brescia con alcune scelte 
genti d'arme, in modo chi fra amendue le parti fu commessa un' atroce battaglia, le quaie fu contraria a nemici, 
con perdita di seicento cavalli ; fra i quale restb prigione il gran Mariscalco del Essercito Imperiale, con molti 
altri nobili. Per la qual cosa Ruberto impaurito, e ancbe perche gli mancavano le vettovaglie, fu eostretto 
abandonarc il Bresciano, e ritornare a Trent o, e poi in processo d'alcuni giorni rimando la maggior parte delle 
sue genti, per non poter sustener tanto carico. adietro ; cd esso con poco numero de' suoi andb a Padova. 

Robert, renforce? par quelques contingents Italiens, part de Trente, pour former le siege de Brescia: il est 
attaqut', dans sa marche, pris du lac de Garde, per les Troupes de Jean Galeace. Son armee est battue et les 
debris n'en echappent qu'avec peine a une destruction absolue. Abtegt5 de l'Histoire D'Allemagne, par Pfeffel, 
vol. i. p. 603. This expedition was in 1401. 

814 APPENDIX, No. XX. 

there, from 1399, the year they left England, to 1404, and they had their chieftane, 
under the Duke of Milayn, an Earl called Alberico, the Duke's General'. Galias 
the Duke of Millayn being dead, the Earl Alberico, grieved at the English, dis- 
banded them, and let them goe where they pleased, for the young Duke, a milk sop, 
made peace with the Emperor, though at a dear rate", and that Carrington, and 
the rest of the English, left Italy, and got into Burgundy, minding to get into 
Hanault, so to the sea side to England, but being come to Bizanton, there Robert 
Newborough fell sick, and being much bruised by a fall from his horse, dyed, and 
was buried by John Carrington, and the rest, in the Grey-Fryer Church in that 
city: and thence they passed to Hanault, and so into Brabant, and lived upon 
what they had gotten. Newborough bequeathed the greatest part of his riches to 
his friend John Carrington. They, being in Hanault, were much relieved in the 
monasteries, and at length met with two fryers, come from England, who told Car- 
rington that William, a younger son of Sir John Curson, was an Abbot. Now 
this Abbot was a son of his father Carrington's eldest sister, wife of Sir John Cur- 
son. But he and the rest fearing to return, because Henry of Lancaster was cruel to 
all that had taken part against him, they therefore, in order to get a more safe 
passage, further clianged their names, and so ventured, and got to Amsterdam. 
John Carrington called himself Smith, Fitzwilliams made his name English, and 
Blont changed his name to Croke, &c. and thus they called each other, and were 
bound for England: Carrington, or Smith, took a servant, called William Burgyn, 
as the rest also did, and being thus attended, went into a ship of Ipswich, near 
which place they landed, in 1401. Carrington on the morrow rid to St. Neses', 
where he presented himself to the Abbot, who had forgot him, the Abbot having 
never seen him but once, namely at Reading Abby, where the Abbot was then a 

1 It Conte Alberico Balbiano, Gran Seniscalco net Reame di Puglia, giunse in Lcinbardia (in 1394) alio sti- 
pendio del Visconti con cento lance, essendo stato riscosso dalla prigione da Giovan Galeazzo. Corio in anno. 
In 1403, Alberico Balbiano, cbiamato Gran Contestabile, ingrato d'ogni benc6cio gia recevuto dal morto Duca, 
dal quale bebbe in feudo Castel Monticulo, con quattro grosse Title, non avendo ne all' ht nor suo, ne alia fede, 
alcun riguardo, co '1 somrno Pontefice, e co Fiorentini, si collegO, sperando con tal mezo poter' ocupare Bologna. 
k Giovanni Galeazzo died September 3, 1402, when he was preparing to be crowned King of Italy. By his 
will be gave the duchy of Milan, and other places, to Giovan Maria Inglese, his eldest son, who was about four- 
teen years old : Pavia, and other places, to Philip Maria Anglo, the second, with the title of Count : Pisa, &c. to 
Gabriel Anglo, whom he had by Agnese Mantegacia, and whom he legitimated. His children being minors, 
were under the guardianship of seventeen persons Cor.'o. By this divis : on the power of the Visconti's was 
much lessened. The government was divided into contending parties, intriguing /or the ascendancy ; murders, 
robberies, and r: pines were daily committed ; the states of Lombardy asserted their independence; every city 
was full of factions, and the Milanese was one promiscuous scene of carnage and violence. Univ. Hist. vol. 37- 

. 400, &c. In the general confusion, many of the states which had been subject to Galeazzo threw off the 
yoke, and each governor seized the territories which were convenient, or practicable. From the weakness of the 
Milanese government, it was obliged to submit to these defections. Bologna and Perugia were given up to the 
Pope by an express treaty. All this was making peace at a dear rate. 


monk, however the Abbot was glad to see him, and did privately keep him, and 
bestowed on him niickle benefits, advanced him to wedlock, and endowed him with 
fair lands. 

Henry the IVth, being dead, 1413, they boldly adventured abroad to see each 
other, and having procured their peace, they purchased lands. Carrington, or 
Smith, was settled in Essex, was very healthy, scarce ever sick, till his last sickness, 
of which he died, 1146, aged 72, and was buryed in Reins-hall church-yard, erected 
by himself. 

Blont, or Croke, lived most in Bucks, at a place called Esendon, his friends Car- 
rington and Fitzwilliams, &c. visited him, and had mickle mirth together. 

Thomas Le-Blont, a Knight of Warwickshire, Edw. I. bare for his arms, Geules, 
a fesse, between 6 martlets argent, &c. 

Nicholas Lc Blont, of Warwickshire, lived 35 of Edw. III. and had Nicholas Le- 
Blont, who lived in Richard the Second's time, and bare the same arms, &c. and 
this coat of arms the Crokes bare at this day. 

No. XXI. 

As the dinner given by Giovanni Galeazzo, Duke of Milan, to Lionel, Duke of 
Clarence, upon his marriage with the Duke's daughter Yiolante, in 1372, with the 
presents, is perhaps the most extraordinary entertainment upon record, I shall 
here transcribe the bill of fare, which is to be found only in the original edition of 
Corio. Petrarch and Froissart were present. 

La prima imbandisone fu portata doppia : cioe carne: e pesce per la tavola dil 
Duca: e puoi furono dati duoi porcelli dorati: con il fuocho in bocha: e pesce 
chiamato porcellete dorate : et con questa furono psentati dui livreri con dui collari 
di velluto: corde de seta: e copie. xii. de Sausi con le cathene de rechalco dorate: 
e le collae di coiro : corde de seta : cioe ogni sei Sausi in uno lazo quali furono 
qualtro computate ogni cosa. 

La 2. imbandisone Lepore dorate co luci dorati : e copie. xii. de livreri co le 
collane di Seta : e spraghe dorate : e laci sei di seta: cioe uno per copia. Anchora 
astori sei con longoli sei : et botonidargento smaltati tutti alinsegna dil Signore Ga- 
leazo: et dil Signore Conte con botoni in cima. 

La 3. ibadisone: fu uno grande vitello tutto dorato: con truite dorate con cani 
sei: e sei grandi striueri co le collane de velluto: fibie : e machie de richalco do- 
rate : co laci sei di seta : cioe uno p copia. 

La 4-. ibadisone: fuqualie: e pernice dorate co truite arosto dorate: e sparaveri. 
xii. co li sonaglii de rechalco: e braghette: e longoli di seta: e li botoni dargento : 
ala divisa come e dicto : i capo de le longole: copie. xii. de brachi co cathene. xii. de 
recalco dorato co laci sei : cioe uno p copia de brachi. 


La 5. ibadisone anedre dorate : aironi dorati: carpenc dorate: e falchoni sei co 
li capelleti de velulo : e le pie sopra: e co botoi : e magiette dargento divisate coe c 
dicto di sopra : e longole co le pie i cia. 

La 6. Ibaditone carne di Bo: c caponi grassi con aliata: e con sturioni in aqua : 
e panzeroni. xii. de azalo fibie : e mazi de argento alinsegna de li prefati Signori. 

La 7. ibadisone caponi: e came in limonia con pesce in limonia: con armature 
xii. da giostra fornite : selle xii. da giostra : con Ianze xii. facte alinsegna come e 
dicto: schive dorate: cioe due p armatura : due selle ornate de argento smaltato 
per la persona dil Signore cote: li altri fomimenti erano de arechalco dorato. 

La 8. Ibadisone. Pasteri e carne die bue: co pasteri de ingirille grosse con ar- 
mature xii. compite da guerra: de la quale due erano fornite dargento per la per- 
sona dil Signore Conte. 

La 9. ibadisone zeladiade carne: e de pesce con peze. xii. de pano doro: e xii. 
de pano de seta. 

La 10. ibadisone. Galatina di came: e di pesce : cioe lamprede : e fiaschi dui 
dargento smaltati: bacile sei dargento dorate smaltste : et uno deli botazi era pi- 
eno di maluasia: e laltro de guarnaza. 

La 11. ibadisone. Capreti arosti : et agoni arosti : con cavalli sei doppii : e 
selle fornite dargento dorate : e lanze sei : tarchete sei dorate : capelli sei dazalo : 
tra li quali ne erano dui forniti dargento dorato per il Signore conte: e laltro de 
rechalco dorato. 

La 12. ibadisone. Lepori co caprioli su le civere dorate co molti altri diversi 
pesci in civere dargento: e sei gradi corseri co selle sei fornite: e dorate ala divisa 
ut supra, fra qli gliera. ii. forniti eoe dicto. 

La 13. ibadisone. Carne di cervo: e di bue Jade a formette co pichi reversati 
con distreri sei : le briglie dorate : e corregie de velluto verde: co tabarri sei de vel- 
luto verde: con botono uno: et uno fiocho rosso in fondo de li tabarri: e pendoli 
di seta. 

La 14. ibadisone Caponi: e pollastri in savore rosso: e verde con pomi citroni: 
tenchoni reversati: e destreri sei grande da giostra con le briglie dorate: e tabarri 
de velluto rosso con li botoni: e fiochi doro in cima: e le caveze de veluto crimi- 

La 15. ibadisone Pavoni con verze : e faxoli : e lingue salate : e carpioni co uno 
capuzo: et uno zuppono coperto de perle: sopra il capuzo gli era uno fiore grosso 
depcrle: e uno mantello anchora coperto de perle : il quale capuzo: e mantello 
erano fodrati de armelini. 

La 16. ibadisone conelli: pavoni: cisni : et anedre aroste con uno grande baci- 
rono dargento : uno formalio: uno robino : uno diamante: una perla con quattro 
bellissimicenti smaltati. 

La 17. ibadisone. zonchate: e formagio con duodeci bovi grassi. 


La 18. ibadisone fructi con cerese: ecorseridui: uno dil Signore Conte chia- 
mato il leone: e laltro lo abbate : e con queste imbandisone furono presentate 76 
cavalli ali Baroni e gentilhomini dil prefato Conte di Clarenza, il die tutto fu pre- 
sentato per il Magnifico : et excelso Signore Galeazo Vesconte : con il quale erano 
di continuo duodeci cavaleri. 

Translation of the Bill of Fare. 

The first course was double, that is to say, flesh and fish, for the Duke's table, 
afterwards were served two young pigs, gilt, with fire in their mouths, and the fish 
called sturgeoi), gilt, and with these were presented two greyhounds, with col- 
lars of velvet, the cords of silk; and twelve couple of hounds, with their chains 
of brass gilt, the collars of leather, the cords of silk; that is, every six hounds were 
held in one leash, four in all. 

The second course consisted of hares and pikes, both gilt. And twelve couple 
of greyhounds with silk collars, adorned with gilt plates, and six leashes of silk, one 
for each couple. Also six goss-hawks, with six lewins, and buttons of silver, ena- 
melled with the arms of the Lord Galeazzo, and the Count (of Clarence), with but- 
tons at the top. 

The third course was a great calf, all gilt, with trouts, gilt. With six dogs, and 
six large blood-hounds, with their collars of velvet, the buttons and studs of gilt 
brass, with six leashes of silk, one for each couple. 

The fourth course was quails, and partridges, gilt, with trouts roasted and gilt. 
Twelve hawks, with bells of brass, jesses and lewins of silk, and silver buttons, with 
the device before mentioned, twelve couple of beagles, with chains of gilt brass, 
with six leashes, that is, one for each couple of hounds. 

The fifth course was ducks, herons, and carp, all gilt. Six falcons, with velvet 
hoods, with buttons and clasps of silver, with devices as above, and lewins. 

The sixth course, beef, and fat capons, with garlic sauce, and sturgeons in water. 
Twelve coats of mail of steel, with buttons and plates of silver, with the arms of the 
aforesaid Lords. 

The seventh course. Capons and meat in lemon sauce, with fish in lemon sauce. 
Twelve suits of armour for tournaments furnished. Twelve saddles for the same, 
and twelve lances, with the said coat of arms, buffies of helmets, two for each suit 
of armour. Two saddles ornamented with silver enamelled, for the person of the 
Count. The rest of the furniture was of gilt brass. 

The eighth. Beef pies, with pasties of large eels. Twelve complete suits of 
armour for war. Of which two were ornamented with silver for the person of the 
Lord Count. 

The ninth course. Jelly of meat, and of fish. Twelve pieces of cloth of gold, 
and twelve of silk. 

5 M 



The tenth. Jelly of meat, and of fish, that is, lampreys. Two flasks of silver 
enamelled. Six basons of silver gilt and enamelled. And one of the flasks was full 
of malmsey, and the other of guarnaza, (a wine like malmsey.) 

The eleventh. Roasted kids, and lambs. Six double horses, and saddles orna- 
mented with gilt silver, and six lances, six gilt targets. Six caps of steel, two or- 
namented with gilt silver, for my Lord the Count, and the others with gilt brass. 

The twelfth. Hares, with young kids, upon gilt dishes, with many other different 
fishes in a silver dish. And six great coursers, with saddles furnished, and gilt, 
with the device above mentioned. Amongst which were two, furnished as before 

The thirteenth. Venison and beef, with six horses, the bridles gilt, the girths 
of green velvet, with six horse cloths of green velvet, with one button, and one 
red tassel at the top of the cloths, and pendents of silk. 

The fourteenth. Capons and fowls in red sauce, and green with citrons, and 
tench reversed. Six great chargers for tournaments, with gilt bridles. Horse 
cloths of red velvet with buttons and tassels of gold at top, with their cavesons of 
crimson velvet. 

The fifteenth. Peacocks, with cole-worts, and French beans, salted tongues, and 
carp. A hood and a (zuppono) covered with pearls. Upon the top of the hood 
was a large flower of pearls, and also a mantle covered with pearls. Which hood 
and mantle were lined with ermine. 

The sixteenth. Rabbits, peacocks, signets, and ducks, roasted. A great silver 
bason, a jewel, a ruby, a diamond. A pearl, with four beautiful (centi) enamelled. 
The seventeenth. Junketts, and cheese, with twelve fat oxen. 
The eighteenth. Fruit with cherries. Two coursers, one belonging to my 
Lord Count, called, the Lion, the other, the Abbot. With this course were pre- 
sented seventy-six horses to the barons and gentlemen of the said Count of Cla- 
rence. All which was presented by the magnificent and lofty Lord Galeazzo Vis- 
conti, with whom were continually twelve knights. 

I must confess that I am not sufficiently versed in the culinary science of Italy, 
in the fourteenth century, to feel perfectly confident of the accuracy of the above 
translation, in many parts. Some of the words are not to be found in any Dictionaries. 
I have omitted a few which I did not understand, and which are marked in the ori- 
ginal in Italics. 


No. XXII. 

Lansdowne MSS. No. 163. fol. 141. recto. 
Orders explaned by Mr. Croke 1554, upon the estate of the Chauncery courte. 

In the old orders of Chauncery it is found theis necessary officers and ministers 
have bene admitted to write to the Seal, videlt. 

The Clarke of the Crowne. 

The Prothonotary. 

The xii Masters of the Chauncery, in w cb number the M r . of the Rolls is one and 
the Prothonotary is another. 

The vi Clarkes, beinge attorneys onely in the Chauncery and writinge in the M r . 
of the Rolls his name. 

The iii Clarkes of the Petty Bagge, writinge in the M r . of the Rolls name, and 
the two Examiners, writing in the M r . of the Rolles name. 

One other the M r . of the Rolles Clarke in his household. 

There were xii Bowgiers of old tyme, of w ch nomber the Clarke of the Crowne The antient 
was one and chief. Every of them might have a Clarke at his findinge. M?ristmrf 

Twelve Curcisters, every one to write in his owne name, and of old tyme w" 1 his the Court - 
owne hand, but of late it hath bene suffied and licensed unto some of them to bring 
up a Clarke to write to the Seale. 

Likewise there were iii or iiii Clarkes of the Aumore (Almonry) at meate and 
ilrinke in the Lo. Chauncelor's hovvse, w c " for their diett served the poore suiters w h 
their pees (proces) without fee. 

Theis bene all the officers and ministers that of old tyme did use to write to the 
Great Seal, saveinge that the Clarke of the Crowne, the six Clarkes, and the Clarkes 
of the Pety Bagg, were never stinted to any nomber of Clarkes for ii causes. One 
was for and in consideration of bringing up of youth, and the other more special 
for the redy dispatch of the Kinge business and his subjects. 

The Lord Chauncelo 1 hath his diett out of the hanaper towards such charges as he The Ld. 
is and was wont to be at, of which charges some be nowe out of use, as to have in color's 
Terme tyme such M". of the Chauncery as would come to his house, to be at his lett ' 
table, and a Chauncery table in the hall for their Clarkes. 

All kinde of comissions and confirmations of treaty betwene Prince and Prince, The Pro- 
and all consultations, belonge to the Prothonotary onely to make. Office' 3 ' 5 ' 

The guifte of benefice of the King's patronage of xx" and under be in the dis- 
tribucon of the Lord Chauncelor, the old rate xx* marks, but because the Cardi- 
nal! being Lord Chauncelor did present in the King's name his Clarks to Benefices 
of twenty pounds by yeare, all Lord Chauncelo" since have done likewise, and soe 
may doe justly because they have the office in tarn amplis modo et forma. 
5 m 2 


Proces be- The Mr 5 , of the Chauncery may make all kinds of patents, commissions, and 

tbe^vi^of writts, (except such as belongeth to the Prothonotary, the Clarke of the Crowne, 

the chaun- the y j cj ar ] <S} an( ] p ettv Bagge,) and all other common proces, except such 

as belonged to the Crowne, and they made all writts of supersedeas, onely they 

may take oathes in all cases in the Chauncery, in cases there depend inge, or proces 

yssueing; also take knowledge of deeds and recognisance, and examine exempli- 

ficacons and confirmacons. 

Bowgieis. Bowgiers might write as before, and examine exemplificacons and confirmacons, 

but neither take oathes or knowledges, nor make superseds. 
Cursisters. Curcisters and all other Clarks may write as before, except superseds. 
M«.oftbe All M ri . of the Chauncery bene admitted and sworne by the Lord Cliauncellor 

Chauncery. , 

Admission The vi Clarks, the Clarks of the Pety Bagg, the ii Examiners, and the Criar, 

ofS Clarks, ^^ admit , ed by the M r_ of the Rol ] es on l y . 

Procesof The proces that bene before excepted that the M rs . of the Chauncery, nor any 
the Crow,ie f °'her but the proper officers may make but theis, viz. All comissions and proces of 
the Crowne, and generally all proces that toucheth eyther life or member, doth belong 
to the Clarke of the Crowne to make, and to none other, as Comissions of Peace, 
Comissions of Oyer and Terminer, Circuits and Gaole delivery, and all Writts of 
Appeale of murder, felony, rape, mayme, and such other. 
Clerks in All kinds of proces whereof record must be made in the Rolles by way of inrollm'. 

or taking out of any inrollment and constat and exempP. shall be made by the vi 
Clarks, or the Clarke of the Petty Bagge, and writts of diem clausit extremum, amo- 
tus, mandamus, melius inquirendum queplura, scir. fa. uppon Ires patents, recogni- 
sance, or other records, and such like. These proces bene indifferent to be made 
eyther by the six Clarks, or the Clarks of the Petty Bagge, the Examyners, and 
the M r . of the Rolles Clarke haveing recourse to the records may make the same. 
Processc be- All Patents for Sheriffes and Escheators, and all kinds of proces that is awarded in 
thev'icierks tne courte after the suite comenced, as Attachm", Compulsaries, Injunctions, Comis- 
onl >'- sions to examine witnesses, Writts of procedend, and of execucon upon judgment*, 

and such like, should be made by the vi Clarks onely, and Comissions for subsidie, 
relief, disme, and such other, to be made by the six Clarks, and also the Writts 
of Parliament. 
Inrolm". The six Clerks have the inrollm'. of all Ires patents made by any of the Chaun- 
cery (except it be by the Clarks of the Petty Bagge) in the terme tyme, and out 
of the terme, soe longe as they keepe commons together, and the Lord Chauncelor 
lye at London, Westm'. or the subuibes of London, and doe seale there. Yf the 
Lord Chauncelor in the terme tyme seale at any other place then in London, 
Westm'. or within the suburbes of London, then the Ridinge Clarke only hath 


the inrollment. And after the terme and commons broken, the Ridinge Clarke 
hath in some places the inrollement of all patents made by any of the Court, ex- 
cept the residue of the vi Clerks and Pety Bagge, w ch have their owne inrollments 
in that tyme and place. 

All Owstre le Maynes, Monstrans de Droit, Petitions of Right, Restitucons, Procme 
Liveries, Speciall and General Writts of Dower, Elegit, Levar. fac. Liberates upon [^Pett' 
execucon of the Statute for Debts, Custumers, dingers, Gaigers, Searchers, Con- Ba ?? e - 
trollers of Customs, and generally all such proces where the M r . of the Rolles hath a 
fee, belong to the Pety Bagge to make, excepte Sheriffes, and Escheators, and 
finable Writts. 

The Pety Bagge must inrolle the Comissions of Subsidy, Reliefe, and such 
other, and also the Writts of Parliament, and make tl/e Pawne. 

The Clarke of the Crowne, the Clarke of the Hanaper, and the Ridinge Clarke, 
have allowance for their chambers and diett in the Lord Chauncelor's house, for 
themselves, or their deputies, one clarke, and one horsekeepera peece; the Sergeant 
at Armes, and one servant; the sealer, and the chafer of waxe: and all theis except 
the Clarke of the Hanaper, have allowance for their horses when the Lord Chaun- 
celor doth jorney, and not otherwise. The Clarke of the Hanaper hath his allow- 
ance for horse meat in Ires patents. 



Septima pars Patent, de anno R. R. Henrici Octavi Tricesimo prima. 

, From an office copy. 

Rex omnibus ad quos, &c. salutem. Sciatis quod nos, in consideratione Mille, 
centum, octoginta septem Librarum, septem Soliclorum, et undecim Denariorum, 
legalis Monetce nostra? Angliae, ad manus Thesaurarii Reverencionum Augmenta- 
cionum coronae nostra?, ad usum nostrum, per dilectum nostrum Johannem Croke 
solutorum, de Gratia nostra speciali, ac ex certa sciencia, et mero Motu nostris, 
Dedimus, et Concessimus, ac, per praesentes, Damus, et Concedimus, eidem Jo- 
hanni Croke, Totum Domum, et situm nuper Monasterii, sive Prioratus, de Stud- 
ley, in comitatu nostro Oxoniensi modo dissoluti: ac totam Ecclesiam, campanile, 
et cimiterium, ejusdem nuper Monasterii, sive Prioratus: ac omnia Mesuagia, Do- 
mos, Edificia, Grangias, Columbaria, Ortos, Pomeria Gardina, Terram, et Solum, 
nostra, tarn infra, quam extra, Situm, Septum, Ambitum, Circuitum, et Precin- 
ctum, ejusdem nuper Monasterii, sive Prioratus, existentium. Ac totum Mane- 
rium nostrum de Studley, cum suis Juribus, Membris, et Pertinentiis universis, in 
comitatibus nostris Oxon. et Buckingham. Ac totum Manerium nostrum de Craw- 
combe, alias dictum Crawcombe Studley, cum suis Juribus, Membris, ct Perti- 
nentiis universis in comitatu nostro Somerset. Ac totum Mamrium nostrum de 


Longcompton, cum suis Juribus, Membris, et Pertincntiis universis in comitatu 
nostro Warwick. Ac Sex Libratas Redditus in Crawcombe Bere, in dicto comitatu 
nostro Somerset. Ac totam Rectoriam, et Ecclesiam nostram de Bekeley, cum 
suis Juribus, et pertinentis Universis, in dicto comitatu nostro Oxon. Ac Recto- 
riam, et Ecclesiam nostram, de Hilmere, alias dictam Ilmere, cum suis Juribus, et 
Pertinentiis Universis, in dicto comitatu nostro Buckingham. Necnon Capellam 
nostram de Senekeworth, alias dictam Sakeworth, in comitatu nostro Berks. Ac 
Advocacionem, Donacionem, Liberam Disposicionem, et Jus Patronatus, Ecclesiae, 
sive Rectoriae, de Crawcombe Studley praedicto, in dicto comitatu nostro Somerset. 
Ac Advocacionem, Donacionem, Liberam Disposicionem, et Jus Patronatus, Vi- 
cariae, et Ecclesiae, de Bekeley, in dicto comitatu nostro Oxon. Ac Advocacio- 
nem, Donacionem, liberam Disposicionem, et Jus Patronatus, Vicariae, et Ecclesiae, 
de Hilmere, alias dictae Ilmere, in dicto comitatu nostro Buckingham. Quae qui- 
dem Maneria, Redditus, Rectoriae, Ecclesiae, Capellae, et Advocaciones, dicto nuper 
Monasterio, sive Prioratui, dudum spectabant, et pei tinebant. Ac omnia et singula 
Maneria, Rectorias, Ecclesias, Capellas, Advocationes, Jura Patronatus, Messuagia, 
Molendina, Orrea, Tofta, Cotagia, Glebas, Teras, Tenementa, Prata, Pascuas, 
Pasturas, Mariscos, Boscos, Subboscos, Communias Pasturae, et Estoveriarum, ac 
alias Communias quascunque, ac Vasta, Jampna, Brueras, Montes, Montana, 
Aquas, Piscarias, Piscationes, Redditus, Reversiones, Servicia, Annuitates, Feodi 
Firmas, Redditus, super quibuscumque Demissionibus, et Concessionibus, reserva- 
tos, Feoda Militum, Escaetas, Relevia, Wardas, Marilagia, Decimas, Oblaciones, 
Pensiones, Porciones, Liberas Warennas, Curias Letas, visus Franciplegii, et om- 
nia qua; ad Visus Franciplegii pertinent, Assisam, Assaiam, et Emendationem, Pa- 
nis, Vini, et Cervisiae, ac omnium aliorum Victualium, ac Mensurarum, et ponderum 
quorumcunque, Catalla waiviata, Extrahuras, Catalla Felonum, et Fugitivorum, ac 
omnia alia Jura, proficua, Commoditates, Jurisdictiones, Privilegia, Possessiones, 
et Hereditamenta nostra quascumque, tam Spiritualia, quam Temporalia, cujus- 
cumque sint Generis, Naturae, vel Speciei, seu quibuscumque Nominibus sciantur, 
censeantur, vel cognoscantur, in Studley, Villa Oxon, Steple-Barton, Steple- Aston, 
Astwykes, Worton, Wighthill, Wightley, Benbroke, Bekbroke, Takeley, Weve- 
ley, Forstyll, Ellesfbrd, Ellesfeld, Overhayford, Tetyndon, Tyvyton, Bekeley Parke, 
et Staunton, in dicto comitatu nostro Oxon, ac in Horton, Marlake, Okeley 
Wornehall, Themley, Wynclryndon, Kymbell, Hilmere, Ilmere, Estclaydon, Bo- 
telclaydon, Wighthill, et Wightley, in dicto comitatu nostro Buckingham, ac in 
Belgrave, in comitatu nostro Leycester, ac in Wescot Fairford, in comitatu nostro 
Gloucester, ac in Senekeworth, et Sakworth, in comitatu nostro Berks, ac in Lang- 
porte, el Lamport, in comitatu nostro Northampton, et in Longcompton, in dicto 
comitatu nostro Warwick, ac in Crawcombe Studley, et Crawcombe Bere, in co- 
mitatu nostro Somerset predicto, ac alibi ubicumque in comitatibus predictis, et 


alibi ubicumque infra Regnum nostrum Angliae dicto, nuper Monasterio, sive 
Prioratui, quoquo modo spectantia, et pertinentia, ac percellas Terrarum, Tene- 
mentorum, Jurium, seu Possessionum, ejusdem nuper Monasterii, sive Prioratus, 
existentes: Adeo plene, et integre, ac in tarn amplis, modo, et forma, prout Jo- 
hanna Willyams, nuper Priorissa dicti nuper Monasterii, sive Prioratus, aut aliqua 
Predecessorum suorum, Priorissarum ejusdem nuper Monasterii, sive Prioratus, in 
jure nuper Monasterii, sive Prioratus illius, aliquo tempore ante dissolucionem dicti 
nuper Monasterii, sive Prioratus, vel antequam nuper Monasterium illud ad manus 
nostras devenit, dicta Maneria, Rectorias, Ecclesias, Capellas, Advocaciones, Me- 
suagia, Terras, Tenementa, Pensiones, Porciones, Decinias, et cetera omnia et sin- 
gula prasmissa, vel aliquam inde percellam, habucrunt, tenuerunt, vel gavisre fue- 
runt, habuit, tenuit, vel gavisa fuit, seu habere, tenere, vel gaudere debuerunt, aut 
debuit, et adeo plene, et integre, ac in tarn amplis modo et forma, prout ea omnia, 
et singula, ad Manus nostras, ratione vel pretextu dissolucionis dicti nuper Mo- 
nasterii, aut ratione, vel pretextu, alicujus carta?, doni, concessionis, vel confirma- 
cionis, per dictam nuper Priorissam, et nuper conventum, dicti nuper Monasterii, 
sive Prioratus, sub sigillo suo communi, sive conventuali, nobis confectorum, aut ali- 
terquocumque modo devenerunt, seu devenire de debuerunt, ac in Manibus nostris 
jam existunt, seu existere debent vel deberent. Excepto tamen semper, et nobis, 
Heredibus, et Successoribus nostris, omnino reservato quodam Bosco, vocato Le 
Priores Woode, jacente et existente inter Pawncelles, infra Forcstam nostram de 
Barnewoode, et Oxventes, Asshamfeld, et Merlake, in dicto comitatu nostro Buck- 
ingham. Excepto etiam pro nobis, Heredibus, et Successoribus nostris, omnino re- 
servatis, Omnibus et singulis Terris, Tenementis, et Hereditamentis nostris, in 
Wroxton, Ardeley, Chesterton, et Wendelbury, in dicto comitatu nostro Oxon, Per- 
cellis terrarum, et Possessionum, dicti nuper Monasterii. Habendum, Tenendum, 
et Gaudendum, omnia, et singula, predicta Scituni, Maneria, Rectorias, Ecclesias, 
Advocaciones, Messuagia, Terras, Tenementa, Pensiones, Porciones, Decimas, Vi- 
sum Franciplegii, et cetera, omnia, et singula preemissa superius exprcssa, et speci- 
ficata, cum suis pertinentibus universis, Exceptis pragexceptis prasfatis, Johanni 
Croke, Heredibus, et Assignibus suis, in perpetuum, Tenenda de nobis, Heredibus, 
et Successoribus nostris, in capite, per servicium vicessimse partis unius Feodi Mi- 
litis. Ac reddendo inde annuatim, nobis, Heredibus, et Successoribus nostris, sex 
Libros, quatuordecim Solidos, et duos Denarios, ad curiam nostram Augmentacio- 
num Revencionum Coronas nostra?, ad Festum Sancti Michaelis Archangeli, Sin- 
gulis annis, solvendos pro omnibus Redditibus, Serviciis, et Demandatis quibuscum- 
que perinde nobis, Heredibus, vel Successoribus nostris, quoquo modo reddendis, 
solvendis, vel faciendis. Et Ulterius de ampliori Gratia nostra volumus ac Aucto- 
ritate nostra Regia qua fungimur, pro nobis Heredibus, et Successoribus nostris, 
per presentes, concedimus prefato Johanni Croke, Heredibus, et Assignatis suis, 


quod idem Johannes Croke, Heredes et Assignes sui, de cetero, in perpetuum, ha- 
bebunt, tenebunt, et gaudebunt, et in usus suos proprios convertent, ac habere, te- 
nere, "audere, et in usus suos proprios convertere, valeant, et possint, dictas Recto- 
rias, et Ecclesias, de Bekeley, et Hilmere, alias dictam Ilmere, ac dictam capellam 
de Senekeworth, alias dictam Sakevvorth, ac omnes et singulas Terras, Glebas, De- 
cimas, oblaciones, proficua, et emolumenta, qusecumque, eisdem Rectoriis, et Ec- 
clesiis, ac Capella;, seu eorum alicui, spectantia, et pertinentia, adeo plene, et in- 
teo-re, ac in eisdem et in tarn amplis modo et forma, prout dicta Johanna Williams, 
nuper Priorissa dicta nuper Monasterii, et ejusdem loci nuper conventus, aut aliqua 
predecessorum suorum, in Jure nuper Monasterii illius, aliquo tempore ante Dis- 
solucionem ejusdem nuper Monasterii, aut antequam Monasterium illud ad Manus 
nostras devenit, predictas Rectorias, Ecclesias, et Capellam, ac predictas Oblaciones, 
et Decimas, habuerunt, tenuerunt, vel gavisas fuerunt, ac in Usus suos proprios con- 
vertebant, seu convertere potuerunt, aut debuerunt, seu liabuit, tenuit vel gavisa 
fuit, et in Usus suos proprios convertebat seu convertere potuit, aut Debuit, ratione 
quacumque. Aliqua Lege, Statuto, Actu, Ordinacione, Constitucione, Prohibicione, 
Restrictione, vel Consuetudine, incontrarium inde antehac habita, facta, edita, or- 
dinata, usitata, seu provisa, aut aliqua alia, Re Causa, vel Materia quacumque, in 
aliquo, non obstante. Et ulterius, de uberiori Gratia nostra, volumus, ac pro no- 
bis, Heredibus, et Successoribus nostris, per prcesentes concedimus prefato Johanni 
Croke, Heredibus, et Assignibus suis, Quod nos, Heredes, et Successores nostri, in 
perpetuum, et de tempore in lempus, acquietabimus, exonerabimus, et indempnes 
conservabimus, eundem Johannem Croke, Heredes, et Assignatos suos, versus quas- 
cumque personas, de omnibus et omnimodis Corrodiis, Redditibus, Feodis, Annui- 
tatibus, et Denariorum summis quibuscumque, de praedictis Maneriis, Rectoriis, 
Terris, Tenementis, et ceteris pragmissis, seu de aliqua inde percella, quoquo modo 
exeuntibus, seu solvendis, vel super inde oneratis seu onerandis, praeterquam de 
Redditu, et Servicio, superius per prsesentes nobis reservatos. Ac praeterquam de 
Decern Solidis, annuatim solvendis Episcopo Lincoln, pro tempore existent!, pro 
dicta Ecclesia de Bekeley, ac tribus Solidis, et quatuor Denariis, annuatim solven- 
dis Decano, et Capitulo Lincoln, et viginti duobus solidis, annuatim solvendis nu- 
per Monasterio de Osney pro quadam Porcione Decimarum, ac decern Solidis et 
septem Denariis, annuatim solvendis Archidiacono Oxon. pro Procurationibus, et 
Sinodalibus, et octo libris annuatim solvendis Vicario de Bekeley pro tempore ex- 
istenti, pro Pensione, sive Stipendio suo, ac viginti Solidis annuatim pro Feodo Se- 
nescalli dicti Manerii de Crawcombe Studley, et octo Solidis annuatim pro Feodo 
Ballivi et Collectoris Redditus dieti Manerii de Crawcombe Studiey, et de quadra- 
ginta Solidis annuatim pro Feodo Capitalis Senescalli omnium Maneriorum et Pos- 
sessionum dicti nuper Monasterii, ac de tresdecim Solidis annuatim pro Feodo Col- 
lectoris Reddituum infra Villam Oxon. ac Viginti Solidis annuatim pro Feodo 


Auditoris dicti nuper Monasterii, et de viginti sex Solidis, et octo Denariis, an- 
nuatim pro Feodo Generalis Receptoris omnium Maneriorum et Possessionum 
dicti nuper Monasterii, in dictis comitatibus Oxon, Bucks, et Warwick. Volen- 
tes enim, et firmiter injungendo praecipientes, tarn Cancellario, et Concilio dictae 
Curiae Augmentacionum Revenciorum Coronas nostras pro tempore existentibus, 
quam quibuscumque Receptoribus, Auditoribus, et aliis Officiariis, et Ministris 
nostris, quod ipsi et eorum quilibet, super solam Deraonstracionem harum Littera- 
rum nostrarum Patentium, absque aliquo alio Brevi seu Warranto a Nobis, Here- 
dibus, vel Successoribus nostris, quoquo modo impetrandis, seu prosequendis, super 
Solucione dicti Annui Redditus Sex Librarum quatuordecim Solidorum, et duorum 
Denariorum, plenam, integram, debitamque, Allocacionem, Defalcacionem, Deductio- 
nem, etExoneralionem manifestam, de omnibus et omnimodis hujusmodi Corrodiis, 
Kedditibus, Feodis, Annuitatibus, et Denariorum Summis, de Maneriis prasdictis, 
et ceteris premissis, ut prefertur, exeundis, seu solvendis, vel super eisdem onera- 
tis, seu onerandis, facient et fieri causabunt. Et has Litteraa nostras Patentes erunt 
annuatim, et de tempore in tempus, tarn dicto Cancellario, et Consilio nostro, dictae 
Curias Augmentacionum Revencionum Coronas nostras pro tempore existentibus, 
quam quibuscumque Receptoribus, Auditoribus, et aliis Officiariis, et Ministris no- 
stris, sufficiens Warrantia, et Exoneratio in hac Parte. Volumus eciam, ac per 
prassentes, pro Nobis, Heredibus, et Successoribus nostris, in perpetuum, concedi- 
mus, prasfato Johanni Croke, Heredibus, et Assignatis suis, Quod idem Johannes 
Croke, Heredes, et Assignati sui, inperpetuum, annuatim, et de tempore in tempus, 
habebunt, tenebunt, et gaudebunt, ac habere, tenere, et gaudere valeant, et possint, 
infra Maneria prasdicta, et cetera premissa, Visum Franciplegii, ac omnia quae 
ad Visum Franciplegii pertinent, Assisam et Assaiam Panis, Vini, et Cervisias, et 
Emendacionem inde, Catalla Waiviata, Extrahuras, Catalla Felonum, et Fugitivo- 
rum necnon Liberas Warennas, ac omnia, etomnimoda alia, ac tot, tanta, talia, hu- 
jusmodi, et consimilia Jura, Jurisdictiones, Privilegia, Franchesias, Liberates, pro- 
ficua, Emolumenta, et Commoditates, quascumque, quot, quanta, qualia, et quae, 
ac adeo plene, et integre, ac in tam amplis modo, et forma, prout dicta Johanna 
Williams, nuper Priorissa dicti nuper Monasterii, sive Prioratus, aut aliqua Pre- 
decessorum suorum, Priorissarum ejusdem nuper Monasterii, sive Prioratus, in 
Jure nuper Monasterii illius, aliquo tempore ante Dissolucionem illius nuper Mo- 
nasterii, vel antequam nuper Monasterium illud ad manus nostras devenit, habu- 
erunt, tenuerunt, vel gavisas fuerunt, habuit, tenuit, vel gavisa fuit, seu habere, te- 
nere, vel gaudere, debuerunt, vel debuit, in Maneriis predictis, et casteris premissis, 
seu in aliqua inde percella, ratione, vel prastextu, alicujus Doni, Concessionis, vel 
Confirmacionis, aut aliquarum literarum Patencium, per Nos, seu per aliquem Pro- 
genitorum nostrorum, prefatas nuper Priorissas dicti nuper Monasterii, sive Priora- 
tus, seu alicui predecessorum suorum, quoque modo factis, vel concessis, aut ratione 
5 N 


vel pretextu alicujus prescriptionis, vel aliter quoquo modo. Ac insuper Damus, et 
per preserves, concedimus, prfefato Johanni Croke, Omnia Exitus, Redditus, Reven- 
ciones, et Proficuas pra?dictorum Maneriorum, Rectoriarum, Terrarum, et Tene- 
mentorum, ac ceterorum omnium, et singulorum, praemissorum superius expresso- 
rum, et specificatorum, cum pertinentiis, a Festo Sancti Michaelis Archangeli 
ultimo preeterito hue usque provenientia, sive crescentia, habenda eidem Johanni 
Croke, ex dono nostro, absque Compoto, seu aliquo alio, perinde Nobis, Heredibus, 
vel Successoribus nostris, quoquo modo reddendo, solvendo, vel faciendo. Volumus 
eciam ac per praesentes concedimus praefato Johanni Croke, quod ipse habeat, et 
habebit, has Literas nostras Patentes sub magno Sigillo nostro Anglia debito modo 
facias, et sigillatas absque Fine, seu Feodo magno, vel parvo, nobis in Hanaperio 
nostro, seu alibi, ad Usum nostrum quoquo modo reddendo solvendo vel faciendo 
Eo quod expressa mencio, &c. In cujus rei &c. T. R. apud Westmonasterium 
26 die Februarii. 

Per ipsum Regem et de dato, &c. 

No. XXIV. 


In the Name of God, Amen, the 2d day of July, in the year of our Lord God 
1607, I John Croke of Chilton, in the county of Bucks, Knight, being at this pre- 
sent time in reasonable good health, and of good and perfect memory, I humbly 
praise God for it, doe make this my last will and testament in manner and form 

First, 1 commend my soule into the hands of Almightie God, that it may re- 
turne to him that gave it, who, I fully assure myself, will, for his onelie begotten 
sonne my Saviour and Redeemer Christ Jesus' sake, receave it into his mercifull 
and fatherly bands, to live in his glorious presence for ever, in whose presence is 
the fulnes of joye, and at his right hand are pleasures for evermore. And that, 
even so soon as it shall please his divine Majestic to finishe the dayes of this my 
pilgrimage, that my body may returne to dust as it was, which I bequeth to such 
funerall as his fatherlie providence hath decreed, to rest in quiet peace, untill the 
last day, in which he will rayse it again to live with him for ever, to the glory and 
praise of his holy name, and my owne everlasting blessedness in joye unspeakable. 
So be it. 

Item, I will and bequeath unto my most dearelie beloved, and most faithful and 
loveing wief, Elizabeth Croke, all and all manner of my housholde stuffe, which is, 
and shall be in my mansion house in Chilton, at the time of my decease, except 
all such beddinge, hangings, and other stuff, as the great chamber and gallarie in 


my said house are at this day furnished with ; which bedding, hangings, and fur- 
niture, I give and bequeathe to my eldest son, Sir John Croke, Knight, lately 
called to be one of the Justices of the King's Bench. Nevertheless my will and 
meaning is, that my said wife shall if she please have the use of the saide bedding, 
hangings, and other stuff, to be used onely in the said chamber and gallarie, during 
her life. 

Item, I will and bequeathe to my said wief, all and all manner of my householde 
stuffe, and furniture of household whatsoever at this present in my lodge in my 
park in Chilton, except the beddinge, and all the furniture, in the chamber over the 
kitchen there, and also all the bedding and furniture in the chamber over it, ac- 
cording as it used to be furnished when I and my family do ly at my said lodge, 
which beddinge and furniture of both which chambers I will and bequeath whollie 
to my sonne George Croke. 

Item, I will and bequeath to my sonne Henry Croke, and to my sonne Paulus 
Ambrosius Croke, and to my sonne William Croke, all my beds and beddinge, and 
all other my stuffe and furniture of houschoulde whatsoever at this present time in 
my dwelling house in London, in Fleete Streete, to be equallie divided between 

Item, I will and bequeathe to my said wief one basan and ewer of silver parcel! 
gilte. Also two liverie potts of silver, parcell gilte, with covers, and one neast of 
silver boles, all gilte, with one cover to them gilte. Also two standing cupps of 
silver all gilte, with covers to them; one silver jugg with a cover, parcell gilte; 
one silver cupp with a cover, called a Mazlin Cupp 1 . Also one little silver pott 
with a cover called a Sucklinge Pott. Also one dozin of my best silver spoons, and 
one trencher salte, all silver and gilte, with a cover to it. 

Item, I will and bequeath to my said wief all my chaynes of golde, and of golde 
and pearles; and all my carckanetts m and billaments" of golde and pearle: and all 

1 This name, in different forms, as mazeline, or mazer, occurs in old writings, foreign, as well as English, 
and has occasioned much discussion as to its origin and meaning. Chaucer uses it in the Rime of Sir Tbopas. 
They fet him first the swete wine, 
And medc eke, in a mazeline. 

Cipus (for scyphus) mazdinus is in a grant of Baldwin the First, Count of Guisnes in 1084. Duchesne, 
Preuves, page 28. Some hare supposed it to have been of maple, from the Dutch maezer, maple wood. Sca- 
liger, as a classical critic, makes it a corruption of Murrhina, from Murrha, a valuable stone of a changeable 
colour, and sweet odour. Others suppose it to have been of agate, onyx, or china. In favour of the maple 
derivation, it may be observed, that many old cups, finely carved, of that, or some other, wood, now remain: 
and that the King always presents the Mayor of Oxford with two maple cups at his coronation. After all, may 
it not have been a large cup to hold wine mixed with sugar and spices, which was called ippocras niaslin, or 
mescelin ? See Du Cange. 

"> Carcanet is a chain of gold, or jewels, for the neck, from the French carcan. See Shakespere, Comedy ot 
Errors, Act iii. Scene 1. 

n Billaments, ornaments, or clothes. Habiliments. 

5 N 2 


my rings of golde, with rich stones in them, with all other rings and Jewells of golde, 
stone, and pearle whatsoever. Except one ring of golde with my arms ingraven 
therein, which I used for my seale, which ringe I will and bequeathe to my aforesaid 
sonne John Croke. 

Item, I will and bequeathe to my said sonne one pair of salts of silver and gilte, 
with one cover to them, which were a legacy bequeathed to my mother by my 
grandfather, Mr. Richard Cave of Stanford in the county of Northampton, Esquire, 
whose daughter she was. Also I bequeathe to my said sonne one bole of silver and 
gilte, with a cover to it, which bole I bought of my said sonne, being a fee given 
him for his councell in lawe by Sir Christopher Hatton, Knight; but yet my will is, 
my said wief shall, if she so please, have the use of the said salts, and gilte bole, 
dureinge her lief. The rest of my plate I will shall be taken by my executors, and 
solde, towards the more speedie payment of my debts, and the more speedy per- 
formance of this my last will and testament accordinglie. 

Item, I further will and bequeathe to my said wief 200lb. of good and lawfull 
money of England, and that the same be paid to her within tenn moneths next 
after my decease. 

Item, I further will and bequeathe to my said wief my best coache, with the 
harnes, and all other the furniture thereof, and also those two horses, or geldings, 
or mares, which at my decease, and at some tymes before my decease, have beene 
or shall be used commonly in the same coache, and found must fitt for the same. 

Item, I further will and bequeath to my said wief for her most daylie and neces- 
sarie use, two of my geldings, two of my naggs, and two of my mares, used to the 
saddle, with all necessary furniture of bridles and saddles, and pillions, and pillion 
clothes, the very best of all sorts of mine the day before my decease, that she, or 
any for her, can chuse; except thegeldinge used for mine own sadlc, with his fur- 
niture, which geldinge, and his furniture, I will and bequeathe to my aforesaid 
sonne John Croke, to whom I also will and bequeathe all my great mappes, and 
my two books of mappes, and my great written booke, wherein the evidence of all 
my lands are f die written, and also all the verdicts, and trials which have been 
tryed betwene me and diverse others, some in Westminster Hall, and some at the 
Assizes in Buckinghamshire, and some in Oxfordshire. Also diverse commissions, 
and depositions of witnesses in perpetuam ret memoriam, and other such like copies 
of other things to be seene in the same booke. 

Item, I will and bequeathe to my said wief thirtie of my milche kyne, and one 
bull, of the best of my kyne, and bulls, that she or any for her can chuse. Also 
my horse teame of sixe geldings and mares, most commonly used in my cart and 
plowe at my decease, and by the tyme of three moneths before, with the carts, dung 
carts, plowes, harrowes, and furniture for husbandrye commonly used with the 
same teame. Also twenty laboringe oxen of those used in my waynes and plouges 


at my decease, and commonly, and as occasion served, by the space of two moneths 
last before, together with yokes, and chaynes, ploughs, wagons, and waynes, and 
all such like necessary implements of husbandrye used commonly with them at my 
decease, or within three moneths immediately before. 

Item, I will and bequeath to my saide wief all my come and grayne of what kind 
soever which at my decease shall be in ricks, and in my barnes and garners, and 
also all such corn of myne as shall at my decease be either growing or felled in the 
feilds of Chilton and Easingdon. But yet with this condition, that all my house- 
houlde servants, which be of my househould and familie at my decease, shall and 
may have meate, drinkc, and lodginge convenient for them in my house at Chilton, 
or in the Parke Lodge, for three moneths next after my decease, if they, or any of 
them, will so long stay in my house to serve my said wief. 

Item, I will and bequeathe to my said wief one hundred of my store ewes, and 
four store rams, and one hundred sheepe of all sorts, as sherroggs, theves, and teggs, 
equally sorted; and all my hey which at my decease shall be in my barnes for hey 
at Chilton House, and at my house of husbandrye in Chilton, and in my sheepe- 
house at Hernage, and in my stall and hey houses in my parke, or in ricks, either 
in the stable yeard, or yeard of husbaiulrye in Chilton. Except all hey ricks in 
Woolland, and in Bearry field, in Chilton, and in the Oxehouse, in Homage, in 
Apcrofte, and in Adingrove. Also all my hoggs or swyne of what age or sorte soever. 
Also five steares, or dry kyne, or 131. o.v. 8d. in money at her choyse, towards the 
expences for my householde servants in the said three monethes next after my 

Item, I will and devise that presentlie after my decease, there shall be maynteyned, 
and kept, as at this day there is, a stocke of cattle of twelve score good breedinge 
ewes, and twelve good rams, upon my farme, and pasture commonly called Adin- 
grove, continually levant and couchant upon the same, for and duringe the tearme 
of yeares which shall then be to come in my lease I have of the same. And that 
my said wief Elizabeth Croke shall have the use, occupation, and profitt of my said 
farm, and stock to her own use and behoof for so many years as shall expire, and 
runn up in her lief tyme, if she shall so long continue widowe, if not then untill the 
day of her next marriage. But yet under this condition that she continuallie keepe 
and maynteyne, dureing that time, the same or like stock of twelvescore ewes, and 
twelve rams, levant and couchant upon the said farm continually dureing her widow- 
hood or to the day of her next marriage, and then to leave the said farme and stock 
upon it to my next heire then livinge, if he be then of full age, if not to my ex- 
ecutors. And also under this condition that dureinge the tyme of her occupyinge 
thereof she pay yearelie the rent of 201. to Sir John Dormer, Knight, or to his 
assignes, within thirtie dayes at the furthest, next after every day of payment at or 
in which the said rent shall be due and payable to him by virtue of my said lease. 


And also pay yearelie during the tyme of her occupyinge the saide farme to my 
sonne Paulus Ambrosius Croke one yearlie rent or annuity of ten pounds by yeare 
at foure usuall tearmes by equal portions. And after the decease of my said wief, 
or presentlie after her next mariage, I will and devise that my next heire then 
livinge and beinge of full age shall have the use and profitt of my saide farme, and 
stock of sheepe, for so many years as shall expire and runne up in his lief tyme, if 
the tearme shall so long continue, and he well and trulie observe and performe all 
the conditions before expressed, not onlie for the stocke to be maynteyned and 
kept continually levant and couchant upon the saide farme, but also for the pay- 
ment of the said yearlie rent thereof accordingly, and of the said yearlie annuitie 
before mentioned, which I bequeathe to my saide sonne Paulus Ambrosius Croke 
dureinge his lief. And also of one other rent, or annuitie, often pounds by yeare, 
out of the profitt of the saide farme, and stock of sheepe, which annuitie I will and 
bequeathe to my youngest sonne William Croke, to be yearlie paid to him by my 
saide heire dureinge his lief if the saide lease shall so long continue. But if my 
heire shall at the tyme of my wief's leaveinge the said farme and stock be within 
age, then I will that my executors shall have the use and profitt of my said farme 
and stock duringe the mynoritie of my heire, they truelie observinge, performing, 
and fullfillinge all the conditions, bequests, and annuities which my heir if he had 
been of full age should and ought to have performed, according to the devise and 
true meaninge of this my last will and testament. And if my next heir shall dye 
before the end of my said lease, then I will, and devise, and bequeathe, the use and 
profitt of my said farme and stock unto his next heire of full age, if not to my ex- 
ecutors duringe his minoritie, for so many years as shall runn up and expire in his 
lief tyme, under the condition that he and they likewise observe, fullfill, and keepe, 
all the said conditions before mentioned, not onely for maynteyninge the said stock 
of sheepe continuallie upon the saide farme, but also for clue payment of the 
yearlie rent of the saide farme, and also of the saide two annuities of ten pounds by 
yeare, quarterlie, to be paide to my saide two sonnes, Paulus Ambrosius Croke, 
and William Croke. And so my will is, that my saide lease and farme duringe the 
continuation thereof together with the saide stock (for the rest of the same) shall be 
from heir to heir of full age, and duringe his or their minoritie to my executors, for 
the true performinge all the conditions, and devises, concerning the same before ex- 
pressed, duringe the lives of my saide two sonnes, if my said lease so long shall en- 
dure unexpired. 

Item, I will and bequeathe to my saide wief armor and weapons for furnishing 
eight men for the warrs ; that is to saie, armor and weapons for furnishing two lances, 
two men with morris pikes, and foure men with calivers. 

Item, I will and bequeathe to my daughter Bulstrode, towaids the preferment 
of her daughters yet unmarried, one hundred pounds of good and lawful money of 


England, the same to be paid to her, or them, within one yeare next after my de- 

Item, I will and bequeathe to my eldest sonne Sir John Croke, Knight, and to 
my fouer younger sonnes Henry, George, Paulus Ambrosius, and William Croke, 
and to every one of them, one hundred pounds of good and lawful money of Eng- 
land, to be paide to them, and every one of them, so soon as conveniently may be 
after my decease. 

Item, I will, devise, and order further, by this my last will and testament, that if 
it shall happen that the saide yearlie rents and annuities, before bequeathed to my 
sonnes Paulus Ambrosius Croke and William Croke, to be paid to them, out of 
the profitts of my farme, and stock of Adingrove aforesaide, to be behind, and un- 
paide to them or either of them, in parte, or in all, by the space of thirtie dayes 
after any of the feasts, or dayes of payment at or in the which the same ought to be 
paide, by vertue of this my last will and testament, and accordinge to the intent and 
true meaninge of the same, then it shall be lawfull to and for my saide two sonnes, 
and for either of them to whome the said rent is due, and not paide, to enter into 
the said farme, and into any part thereof, and there to distrayne for the rent, or 
rents so behind and unpaide, and the distresse so taken to detayne and keepe untill 
they, or either of them, shall be of the saide rente, and arrearages of the same, 
truely and justlie contented and paide. And if it happen that if any of my saide 
five sonnes shall depart out of this lief after my decease, before he or they be fully 
satisfied of those legacies, due and payable to him, or them, by vertue of this my 
last will, then I further will and devise that all legacies and bequests whatsoever, 
except onely the yearlie rents afore mentioned for my saide two youngest sonnes 
shall be payable and paide to his eldest sonne livinge, (if he have any sonne,) if not 
to his daughters, and equally amongst his daughters, if he have more than one 
daughter, at the tyme of my decease. 

Item, I will and bequeathe to my three daughters, that is to saie, to my daughter 
Bulstrode, to my daughter Wingcfeilde, and to my daughter Tirrill, to every one of 
them one fayre paire of salt sellers of silver and gilt, with a cover to them, all to be 
made of one fashion and weight, with my amies and crest imbossed upon them, and 
the valewe of every paire with the cover to be twentie pounds. 

Item, I will and bequeathe to every of my Sonne's wives, which shall be livinge 
at my decease, a ringe of fyne golcle wayinge fower angells, all to be made of one 
fashion, such as my executors shall best like of. Also three rings more of the same 
weight and fashion, one to my Lady Harrington, my wives deare sister, one other 
to my son in lawe Sir Robert Wingfielde, Knight, and the third to my sonne in law 
Sir John Tirrill, Knight, the same to be made, and delivered, to every one of them 
so soon as convenientlie may be after my decease. 

Item, I will and bequeathe twenty pounds to Elizabeth Croke, daughter to my 


sonne William Croke, towards her marriage portion, and twenty pounds to Ka- 
therine Croke, second daughter to my said sonne William Croke, towards her mar- 
riage portion, and also twenty pounds to his sonne Alexander Croke, towards his 
mayteynance in learninge. 

Item, I will and bequeathe to Mary Hart my kinswoman, a ringe of fine gold, 
wayinge two angells. Also to Alice Higgons her sister the like ringe of fynegolde, 
and five pounds of good and lawful money of England ; and to Robert Higgons 
her husband five pounds, and to John his sonne, and my godsonne, five pounds. 

Item, I will and bequeathe to Prudence Eaton, my god daughter, five pounds of 
good and lawfull money of England, towards her marriage portion. Also to 
Elizabeth Beard, my wive's gentlewoman, five pounds, and a like ringe of 20s. 
And to Elizabeth Almon a like ringe, and five pounds, and to Nicholas Almon, her 
husband, my servant, forty shillings. 

Item, I will and bequeathe to Robert Higgons aforesaid, and to Alice his wife, 
my kinswoman, that tenement in Chilton, (wherein the said Robert and Alice do 
dwell at this present,) with two yeard land, and half, he occupieth with the same 
(be it more or less) with all and singular the appurtenance, to hold, and enjoye the 
same, from and after my decease, for fourscore yeares, if the said Robert, and 
Alice, or eyther of them shall soe long live, yeildinge and payinge therefore yearlie 
40s. to my said wief dureinge her lief, and, after her decease, to my heires and 
assignes duringe all the said tearme, and at the dayes, and feasts heretofore, and at 
this present used. And also performing suite of court, making all necessarie re- 
parations so often as need shall require, duringe the lief of the said Rohert and 
Alice, and of the longer liver of them, and also payinge their best goods in the 
name of a hariott after either of their decease. And also performing all other like 
duties and customarie service of my said manor of Chilton. 

Item, I will and bequeathe to all the rest of my householde servants, both men 
servants, and women servants, having served me by the tyme of two years and 
more next before my decease, either in my mansion house in Chilton aforesaide, or 
in my house of husbandrie in Chilton, or in my parke lodge in Chilton, to every 
one of them 20s. to be paid to them, and every of them, within three monethes next 
after my decease. 

Item, I further will, devise, and apoint, that the saide Robert Higgons, Nicholas 
Almon, Thomas Everingham, Richard Hadock, Richard Leceter, William Ad- 
kins, Robert Tarkett, and John Thame, my old servants, and every of them, shall 
within seven monethes next after my decease, have leases in writinge made, and de- 
livered to them, and to every of them, and to their wives by my next heir, whereby 
they and every of them and their wives may holde and enjoye, dureinge their lives, 
those tenements, and lands, with all and singular their appurtenances, which they 
and every of them or any of them shall holde and have in their occupation at the 


tyme of my decease in Chilton aforesaide, by the tyme of one whole yeare, and 
more, next before my decease, and upon such rents, customes, and serving, as they 
and every of them paid, and performed, in the yeare next before my decease, and 
with like covenants for reparations, hariotts, &c. as are above mentioned for Hig- 
gons, and Almon, to perform, and accordinge to the tenor of Almon's snide lease 
in writing, which I have alreadie made to him, savinge for tymber, and besides 
under this condition that they, and every of them, performe, and shew, all honest, 
good, and dutifull behaviour towards my wief, my heirs, and assignes, duringe their 

Item, I furder will and devise that Prudence Phillip, one other of my old servants-, 
have meat, drink, clothes, and lodging, in my house at Chilton, and 20s. yearelie 
dureinge her lief, with fyer, and all things necessarie dureinge her lief, freelie 
without constt'ayning her to doe any worke, or service for the same. 

Item, I will and devise that Mr. Randall Eaton, now minister and preacher in 
Chilton (if he shall be willing to supplie that place still) shall dureing my wives 
lief have twentie pounds by yeare paid him quarterlie by my executors, and also 
shall houlde and enjoy all such a small tithes and other profitts as he doth att this 
present, and by the space of one whole year next before my decease, hold and enjoy 
in Chilton, if not, yet that the said stipende of twentie pounds by yeare, with the 
said small tithes, be employed to maynteyne some other godlye preacher in Chilton 
during my wief's life, and for five years after her decease. 

Item, I will and bequeath to the poore of Chilton five pounds. To the poore 
of Crendon fortie shillings. To the poore of Brill three pounds. To the poore 
of Ockley fortie shillings. To the poore of Beckley fortie shillings ; and to the 
poore of Studley and Horton three pounds. 

Item, I will and devise that all my lands, tenements, and hereditaments in 
Elsfield, and in Tackley, in the countie of Oxford, be to my Executors pre- 
sently after my decease, and sold by them att the best price they can for and 
towards the payment of my debts, and performance of this my last will and testa- 
ment. Item, I will and devise further that my Executors shall immediately after 
my decease take, receive, and have the yearlie rents, yssues, and profitts of my man- 
nors, lands, tenements, tithes, and hereditaments in Stoke Bassett, Steple Aston, 
and Beckleye Parke, in the countye of Oxforde, and in Henxsey and Kennington, 
in the county of Barks, for and during the term of twentie years, for and towards 
the payment of my debts and performance of this my last will and testament. 
Provided allways, and my will and meanynge nevertheless is, that if after my decease 

1 The original will is not extant. In the Prerogative Office there is only an attested copy, as was often the 

practice formerly. Thus far is printed from an ancient copy in a book in my possession, with the receipts of 

the legatees. The last leaf, containing the rest of the will, is torn out. From these words the remainder is 

from the attested copy in the Prerogative Office, in which there seem to be some errors. 

5 O 


there shall be founde goods and chattals of mine sufficient to pay my debts, and to 
perform this my hst will and testament, then and from thenceforth, my debts being 
paid, and my legacyes fullye satisfied, according to the tenor, and trewe meanynge 
of this my last will, the yearlie rents, yssues, and profitts of my said mannors, lands, 
tenements, tithes, and hereditaments last mentioned in the counties of Oxford and 
Berks, and in either of them, shall from thenceforth be payde, and payable to my 
eldest sonne Sir John Croke, Knight, and his heirs, to his and their owne use for 
ever. The rest of my goods and chattells not before bequeathed nor disposed of 
by this my last will and testament, I will shall be sold by mine Executors for pay- 
ment of my debts, and performance of my legacyes, and bequests, before in this 
my last will devised and expressed. 

And of this my last will and testament I ordeyne and appoint for Executors my 
most lovinge and dearlye beloved wife Elizabeth Croke, my seconde sonne Henrye 
Croke, my thirde sonne George Croke, and my youngest and fifthe sonne William 

And so I finish and ende this my last will and testament, all written with my 
owne hand, givinge and yelding all possible praise and thanks to Almightie God, 
the Father, the Sonne, and the Holie Ghoste, which, in Trinitye of three personnes, 
liveth and reigneth for ever, one God, of eternal), coequall, and everlastinge power, 
glorye, and majestie; who hath ledd (or fedd) and guided me by his gracious, and 
most fatherlie providence, from the verie howre of my conception in my mother's 
wombe, unto this daye of my old age. To him, I saye, and wish from the bottom 
of my hart, all glory and praise to be continewallye ascribed by his whole church, 
and everie trewe member of the same, throrough Jesus Christ, our onelye Saviour 
and Redeemer, throroughowt all the generations of the world. So be yt. 

There are three obligations in the custodye of my verie good brother-in-lawe, 
Sir John Harrington, Knight, now Lord Harrington, by which my three eldest 
sonnes John, and Henry, and George Croke, stand bound for the performance of 
my last will and testament. Of which obligations the coppyes are sealed with my 
seale" to the toppe of the first sheet of this my last will and testament, conteyning 
sixe sheets all written with myne owne hand and onely uppon one side, per me 
Johannem Croke. Published by myself this to be my last will and testament in 
the presence of John Tyrrell, Henry Brown, Round Eaton, Nicholas Almon, 
William Wright, John Eaton. 

Proved 30 May, 1609, on the oaths of Elizabeth, Henry, George, and William 

b Something is evidently here omitted. 


No. XXV. 

The following is one of four speeches made by Mr. Justice Croke, when he was 
Recorder of London, and which are written with his own hand. 

The substance of my speech in the Exchequer 29 October, 1596, upon presenting 
Alderman Skinner, Mayor, in place of Sir Stephen Slainey. 

It is observed (most honorable) that to every city and commonwealth, laws and 
magistrates are the same that the sun is to the world, or health unto the body. For 
as the sun taken from the world, all things are covered with darkness, and health 
wanting to the body, whatsoever else is added, is of small regard, so laws and magis- 
trates wanting to a city or a commonwealth, there is nothing but darkness and con- 
fusion, and whatsoever else it hath, is of no account, and for the most part doth 
rather hurt than profit: laws and magistrates being the foundation of all piety and 
justice, and without which no human society can stand. 

To dispute whether laws or magistrates are more needful for a city, or a common- 
wealth, which are so inseparable that they cannot be divided, were curiosity, than 
which nothing is more vain, laws being the strength and sinews of every city and 
commonwealth, and magistrates the life and soul of the law. And if they should 
be divided, which rather in imagination than in truth they can be, the conclusion 
is, that better is for a city or a commonwealth, to have good magistrates, without a 
law, than good laws, without a magistrate: laws without a magistrate being dead, 
and a good magistrate being a law, both to himself and to others. 

This argument, both of laws, and of magistrates, is of higher quality, than is 
fitting for me to speak of, before your lordships, the chief standard bearers of 
magistracy under her Majesty, and great judges of the law ; but the present occa- 
sion leading me unto it, I am humbly to intreat your accustomed favour, vouchsafed 
unto them that have held this place, (myself the meanest,) and favourable supporta- 
tion to be also vouchsafed unto me. By the goodness of God, and most gracious 
providence of her Majesty, we have both good laws, and good magistrates, the 
greatest blessing to any people, or commonwealth, that can be, and more than sense- 
less we should be, if this inestimable benefit did not provoke us to all duty and 
thankfulness, and we that have received more than others, to be examples of this 
duty unto others. 

And to return to that spoken of before, as the sun keepeth his continual course, 
and circuit, and never ceaseth, but the setting of it in one place, is the rising of it 
in another, so the light of the magistrate may never be put out, but is compared to 
a circle, both for th::t it is the most perfect figure, and always round and even, as 
also for that it never hath an end, but the ending of one is the beginning of another, 
as this present example sheweth ; and therefore a magistrate in law is sure never to 
5 o2 


die, but it is called the demise of the magistrate, the relinquishing and giving over 
of his place to another. 

Neither is it to be accounted amongst the least of her Majesty's princely benefits 
vouchsafed to this honourable city, that we have the election of this chief magis- 
trate, the Lord Mayor of this city, ourselves, and amongst ourselves, a liberty 
granted by her Majesty's most noble progenitors, but most graciously confirmed by 
herself, and that we retain this liberty, and have the use and fruition of it, to her 
Majesty only we do owe it. 

In this choice we are prescribed those due observances which we are to regard, 
that he which is chosen be faithful to her Majesty, one that assuredly will keep his 
faith, and to whom faith and credit assuredly may be committed, that should receive 
so great a credit and charge upon him, as the custody and government of this 
honourable city, the eye of the kingdom, the chamber of the crown, and chief city 
of the realm. 

It is also required that he be discreet, wherein is implied that he be advised, 
patient, temperate, and albeit consilii prastantia be in himself, a thing requisite in 
every magistrate, yet must he not lean altogether to his own council. That magis- 
trate that will use no man's advice but his own, doth quickly fall into error, and is 
easily overthrown. 

Neither must he be rash in judgement, which is to make haste to repentance. 
Precipitation in judgement, as Plato saith, is labes justitice, the very blemish and 
stain of justice, and he that doth determine on a cause, not hearing the other side, 
albeit it be just that he doth determine, yet doth he not determine justly of it. 

Neither must there be causeless lingering, or delaying of causes, for that the 
justice of the law prohibits, nulli differemus justitiam vel rectum, but as wisdom of 
the law doth speak, matura deliberatione inde prius habitd, to proceed unto judge- 

There must not be overhasty credulity in him, which is a kind of rashness, for 
thereby an untruth told at the beginning, shall more persuade than the truth told 
afterwards. Neither must he lend too easy an ear to accusations, or evil reports, 
against another. He that is free from evil himself, is more slow to suspect evil of 
another, and, as Menander saith, whosoever by and by doth give credit to an accu- 
sation or an evil report against another, he is either of evil condition himself, or 
else is of weak discretion. An evil man will rashly and hastily, both judge and 
condemn a good man, but a good man will not easily suspect, much less accuse, no 
though an evil man, but upon good grounds. 

Yet must not the magistrate be dull sighted to spy out those that be evil, he must 
not 'Only cavere a vitiis himself, but he must eos qui talia faciunt aversari, he must 
set his face and countenance against those that do evil. Too much lenity against 
offenders, is the greatest bane to a commonwealth that can be. To spare the evil. 


is to hurt the good, and remissness and fearfulness in the magistrate to punish, 
makes looseness and fearlessness in the people to offend. There must neither be 
indulgentia blanda, nor implacabilis severitas, either or both is evil, the one doth let 
the reins of the bridle loose, the other by immoderate restraining them doth 
strangle, which in case of life and blood is dangerous, where no writ of error, nor 
other restriction lieth. 

Neither must there be acceptio personarum, or cupido munerum. To do a just 
thing unjustly is all one to do injustice. The Grecians have a proverb, " a good 
thing is not good, unless it be well done." He must not be pecuniae inancipium, 
the bondslave of money, whom the poets do fable to be a queen, and that all things 
do obey her, and it were to be wished it were more a fable. It is written of Philip, 
King of Macedon, that attempting a great war against a strange people that did 
border upon him, he consulted with the oracle at Delphos what he might do to get 
the victory. The oracle made answer to him, " argcnteis pugna telis, et omnia 
vinces," fight with silver darts, and nothing shall withstand you. The breast of the 
magistrate must be more inexpugnable than any castle or fortress, that neither silver 
nor golden darts may pierce it. He must juste quod just um est prosequi. 

The last thing which is required in this choice is this, that he be fit for the 
government of the city, ad regimen civitatis idoneus, wherein are included all need- 
ful furnitures requisite for a magistrate; religion and piety towards God, mansuctudo, 
meekness and mildness toward men, ccquitas, uprightness in all his courses, adeundi 
facilitas, easiness of access to him, audiendi alacritas, cheerfulness to hear men"s 
causes, discernendi dexteritas, a readiness and ripeness to discern between cause and 
cause, deliberandi sagacitas, a wisdom to determine of those causes which are 
brought before him, and exequendi immobilis et immutabilis constantia, et gravitas, 
an immutable and immoveable constancy and gravity, to put in execution that 
which it deliberates, and, neither prece nor pretio, to suffer himself to be diverted 
from justice. 

It is true that prcemia delientur ministranti justa, rewards are due to him that doth 
administer justice, but the magistrate must propound to himself discedere a negotiis 
et curis publicis, rather conscienfid clariur than divitiis abnndantior, and prefer just 
poverty, before unjust riches, holding for a full persuasion that which He^iodus 
speaketh, that evil gains are equal to losses, nay worse than losses, for unjust gains 
they have short pleasures, but they are accompanied with long, or to speak more 
truly, if mercy prevent not, with everlasting sorrows, and therefore the Magistrate 
must say to himself, sancte et integre conservabo et vitam meant, et professionem meant, 
that he will keep both his life, and his profession, in all holiness and integrity, for 
it is an holy profession to be a magistrate, his life must be void of crime, his manners 
void of reprehension. 

And three things he must always remember, the one that he doth bear rule over 


men, his fellow brethren, another that the prescript of the law, not the fancy of his 
own brain, is the rule of his government, and a third that he shall not always bear 
rule: whereunto I would add a fourth, that he must yield account of his govern- 
ment. And therefore to whomsoever a public charge is committed, he must always 
stand so affected, as one that of every particular committed to him must yield 
account. And the end of all his travail must be, ut cives sint quam beatissimi, et 
maxime inter se 

He must not neglect prospicere annoncE inopice, to foresee to the dearth of victual, 
the most unable to be endured evil that can come amongst the people, by means 
whereof the poorer sort, both living and seeing it may perish ; which as no natural 
father can endure to behold in his child, so the magistrate, the father of the people, 
to be touched with compunction of heart, to use all possible endeavour to prevent 
it. For as Xenophon saith, a good magistrate nihil a bono patre differt. 

And to conclude, that a metropolitan city may be long flourishing, and happy, 
which we desire this to be, it must be preecipuum pietatis exemplum, a chief ex- 
ample of piety, religion to God, and obedience to man. For piety includeth both 
justitia: forum incormptum, an unspotted seat of justice, and a safe refuge and 
harbour for the widow, the fatherless, the stranger and all that be oppressed with 
wrong to be relieved in. And by our charters we are required to omit nothing, 
that may be, either pro communi utilitate civium, or aliorum Jidelium ad dictam civi- 
tatem coiiflitentium. 

To these things the foregoing Lord Mayor hath applied his diligent and good 
endeavours, and hath run his race, and finished his course, with all uprightness and 
integrity : the succeeding Lord Mayor, now presented unto your lordships, desireth 
to equal those good courses which have been held before him, and to use his own 
words, " with a single and upright heart to serve God, her Majesty, and the com- 
monwealth of this city, in all duties appertaining to his place," humbly desiring your 
honourable allowance and assistance, all the time of his service, to be favourably 
vouchsafed to him. 

No. XXVI. 


Donum Johannis Croke, Armigeri. Factus est miles An". 1603. 
Baldi Opera, 4 vols. fol. Lugd. 1540. 
Jo. Faber super lnstitutis. fol. Lugd. 1543. 
Paulus de Castro, 3 vols. fol. Lugd. 1527. 
Jasonis Opera, 5 vols. fol. Lugd. 1542. 
Decius super Decretalib. fol. Lugd. 1551. 


Priscae Anglorum leges Saxonies et Lat. 4 to. Lond. 1568. 
Vigueri Granatensis Institutiones Theologicae. fol. Ant. 1565. 
Idem in Epist. ad Romanos. Ibid. fol. 

Plessis de Veritate Religionis Christianse. Lat. 8vo. Leid. 1587. 
Gruteri Animadversiones in Senecam. fol. Comelin. 1594. 
Guinterus Andernacus de Medicina vet. et nova. fol. Bas. 1572. 
Curtius Symphonianus de Hortis. fol. Lugd. 1560. 

Acorombonii Explicationes locorum et dubiorum omnium Arist. cum tractatu de 
Fluxu et refluxu maris, fol. Ro. 1590. 
Laurentii Anatomia. fol. Par. 1600. 

Dioscorides cum Nicandro, Arato &c. Graec. cum Scholii6. fol. Ven. 
Biblia Heuteri Heb. fol. Hamburg, 1587. 
Engyppii Thesaurus Augustini. fol. Bas. 1542. 
Fabritii Harmonia confessionis Augustinianae. fol. Col. 1587. 
Avenarii Lexicon, Heb. fol. Wittemb. 1589. 
Gaguini Annales rerum Gallicarum. fol. Franc. 1577. 

From the Old Vellum Catalogue in the Bodleian Library. 
Anno 1622. 
Carolus Crooke, Generosus, De — in Comitatu Cornubiae morienslegavit centum 
libras quibus empti sunt libri sequentes. The Catalogue follows. 
Anno 1602. 
Carolus Blount Baro Mountjoye donavit C. libras quibus empti sunt hi libri. 


The Woodstock Scuffle, or most dreadfull Aparitions that were lately scene in the 
Mannor-House of Woodstock, neere Oxford, to the great Terror and wonderful! 
Amazement of all there, that did behold them. Printed in the yeerc 1649. 


It were a wonder if one writes 

And not of wonders and strange sights ; 

For, ev'ry where, some Goblin frights 

poore people, 
That men are ev'n at their wits end. 
God judgments ev'ry where doth send, 
And yet we don't our Lives amend, 

but tipple, 


And sweare, and lie, and cheat, and whore; 
Because the world shall drown no more, 
As if no judgements were in store 

but water. 
But by the stories which I tell, 
You'll heare of Terrors come from Hell, 
And Fires, and Shapes most Terrible 

for matter. 
It is not long since that a Child 
Spake from the ground in a large Field, 
And made the People almost wild 

that heard it. 
Of which there is a printed Book, 
Wherein each man the truth may look: 
If Children speak, the matter's took 

for verdict. 
But this is stranger then that Voice; 
The Wonder's greater ; and the Noyse 
And Things appeare to Men, not Boys, 

at Woodstock : 
Where Rosamond had once a Bower, 
To keep her from Queen Elinour, 
And had escaped her poys'nous Power 

by good luck ; 
Bat Fate had otherwise Decreed, 
And Woodstock- Mannor saw a Deed 
Which is in Hollinshed or Speed 

But neither Hollinshed nor Stow, 
Nor no Historians such things shew; 
Though, in them, wonders we well know 

are pickled, 
For nothing else is History 
But pickle of Antiquity 
Where things are kept in Memory 

from stincking 
Which otherwaies would have lain dead, 
As in Oblivion buried, 
Which now you may call into head 

with thinking. 


This dreadfull Story which is true, 
And now committed unto View, 
By better Pen, had it its Due 

should see Light: 
But I, contented, doe Indite 
Not things of Wit, but things of Right, 
You can't expect that things that fright 

should delight. 
O hearken therefore, harke and shake ! 
My very Pen and Hand doth quake ! 
While I the true Relation make 

o' th' Wonder, 
Which hath long time and still appeares 
Unto the States Commissioners, 
And puts them in their Beds to Feares 

from under. 
They came, Good men, imploi'd by th' State, 
To sell the Lands of Charles the late, 
And there they lay, and long did waite 

for Chapmen ; 
You may have easy pen'worths, Woods, 
Lands, Ven'son, Housholdstuf, and Goods, 
They little thought of Dogs that would 

there snap men : 
But when they'd sup'd, and fully fed, 
They set up Remnants and to Bed, 
Where scarce they had laid down a Head 

to slumber ; 
But that their Beds were heav'd on high ; 
They thought some Dog under did lie, 
And meant ith' Chamber (fie, fie, fie,) 

to scumber : 
Some thought the cunning Cur did mean 
To eat their Mutton (which was lean) 
Reserved for Breakfast, for the Men 

were thrifty, 
And up one rises in his shirt, 
Intending the she Cur to hurt, 
And forty thrusts made at him for't, 

or fifty. 
5 p 


But empty came his Sword again, 
He found hee thrust but all in vain ; 
The Mutton safe, hee went amain 

to 's fellow. 
And now (assured all was well) 
The Bed again began to swell, 
The Men were frighted, tho' with ale 

right mellow. 
From heaving, now the cloaths it pluckt, 
The Men, for feare, together stuck, 
And in their Sweat each other duckt. 

They longed 
A thousand times that it were day; 
'Tis sure the Divell ! Let us pray ! 
They pray'd amain ; all as they lny 

close thronged. 
Approach of day did cleere the doubt, 
For all Devotions were run out, 
They now waxt strong and somthing stout : 

one peaking 
Under the Bed, found nothing there, 
Hee viewed the Chamber ev'ry where, 
But nought appeared to cause their fear, 

on seeking. 
Their Stomacks then returned apace, 
They found the Mutton in the Place, 
And fell unto it with a Grace: 

they laughed 
Each at the other's pannick feare, 
And each his Bed-fellow did jeere, 
And having sent for Ale and Beere 

they quaffed ; 
And then abroad the Summons went, 
Who'll buy Kings' land oth' Parli'ment ? 
A paper-book, contein'd the Rent, 

which lay there: 
That did contein the severall Farmes, 
Quit- Rents, Knight Services, and Amies; 
But that they came not in by Swarmes 

to pay there. 


Night doth invite to Bed again, 
The grand-Commissioners were lain, 
But then the Thing did heave amain, 

it busied, 
And with great clamor fll'd their Eares, 
The Noyse was doubled, and their Feares; 
Nothing was standing but their hairs, 

they Nuzled. 
Oft were the Blankets pul'd, the Sheete 
"Was closely twin'd betwixt their feete, 
It seems the Spirit was discreete 

and civill ; 
Which makes the poore Commissioners 
Feare they shall get but small Arreares, 
And that there's yet for Cavaliers 

one Divell. 
They cast about what best to doe; 
Next day they would to wise-men goe, 
To neighb'ring towns som cours to know, 

for Schollars 
Come not to Woodstock, as before, 
And Allen's dead as a nayle-doore, 
And so's old John (eclep'd the poore) 

his follower. 
Rake Oxford o'er, there's not a Man 
That Rayse or Lay a Spirit can. 
Or use the Circle or the Wand, 

or Conjure. 
Or can say (Boh !) unto a Divell, 
Or to a Goose that is uncivil], 
Nor where Keimbolton purg'd out evill 

'tis sin-sure 
There were two Villages hard by, 
With Teachers of Presbytery, 
Who knew the House was hidiously 

But 'lasse ! their new Divinity 
Is not so deep, or not so high, 
Their Witts doe (as their meanes did) lie 

sequestred : 
5 P 2 



But Master Joffman was the Wight 
"Which was to exorcise the Spright; 
Hee'll preach and pray you day and night 

at pleasure ; 
And by that painfull-gainfull Trade 
He hath himselfe full wealthy made, 
Great store of Guilt he hath, 'tis said, 

and Treasure : 
But no intreaty of his Friends 
Could get him to the house of Fiends, 
He came not over for such Ends 

from Dutchland, 
But worse Divinity he brought, 
And hath us Reformation taught, 
And, with our Money, he hath bought 

him much-land. 
Had the old Parsons preached still, 
The Div'l should nev'r have had his wil; 
But those that had or Art or Skill 

are outed. 
And those to whome the Power was giv'n 
Of driving Spirits, are out-driv'n ; 
Their Colleges dispos'd, and livings, 

to Grout-heads. 
There was a Justice who did boast, 
Hee had as great a Gift almost, 
Who did desire him to Accost 

this Evill, 
But he would not employ his Gifts, 
But found out many sleights and shifts; 
Hee had no Prayers, nor no Snifts 

for th' Divell, 
Some other way they cast about, 
These brought him in, they throw not out, 
A Woman, great with Child, will do't. 

They got one, 
And she ith' Room that night must lie, 
But then the Thing about did flie, 
And broke the windows furiously ; 

and hot one 


Of the Contractors o're the head, 
Who lay securely in his Bed ; 
The Woman, shee- affrighted, fled, 

and he too. 
And now they lay the Cause on her, 
That e're that night the Thing did stir ; 
A Papist was her Grandfather, 

and shee too. 
They must be Barnes- Regenerate 
(A Hans en Kelder of the State, 
Of Saints in godly times create,) 

they said, which 
Doth make the Divell stand in Awe, 
Pull in his Homes, his Hoof, his Claw ; 
But having none, they did in draw 

a spay'd-Bitch : 
But in the Night there was such worke, 
The Spirit swagger' d like a Turkc, 
The Bitch had spi'd where it did lurke, 

and growled 
In such a woefull manner, that 
Their rery Hearts went pit a pat, 
The poore Bitch bristled dike a cat 

and howled. 
The stately rooms, where kings once lay, 
But the Contractors shew'd the way, 
But mark what now I tell you, pray 

'tis worth it. 
The book I told you of before, 
Wherein were Tenants written store, 
A Register for many more 

not forth yet : 
That very book, as it did lie, 
Took of a Flame, no mortall Eye 
Seeing one jot of Fire thereby, 

or Taper. 
For all the Candles about flew, 
And those that burned, burned blew, 
Never kept Soldiers such a doe 

or Vaper. 


The Book thus burnt, and none knew how, 
The poore Contractors made a Vow 
To workeno more, this spoild their plow 

in that place: 
Some other part of th' House they'll find 
To which the Divcll hath no mind, 
But hee, it seems, is not inclin'd 

with that Grace: 
But other prancks it plaid elsewhere, 
An Oake there was stood many a yeere, 
Of goodly growth, as any where, 

was hewn down. 
Which into Fewell-wood was cut, 
And some into a Wood-Pile put; 
But it was hurled all about, 

and thrown down. 
In sundry Formes it doth appeare, 
Now like a grasping Claw, to Teare ; 
Now like a Dog; anon a Beare 

it tumbles : 
And all the Windowes batter'd are, 
No man the Quarter enter dare, 
All men (except the Glasie#) 

doe grumble. 
Once in the liknesseof a Woman, 
Of stature much above the Common 
'Twas seene, but spak a word to no man, 

and vanish'd. 
'Tis thought the ghost of some good wife, 
Whose husband was depriv'd of life, 
Her children cheated, land in strife, 

shee banish'd. 
No man can tell the cause of these 
So wondrous dreadfull outrages; 
Yet if upon your sinne you please 

to discant; 
You'll find our Actions out doe Hell's, 
O wring your hands and cease the bells, 
Repentance must, or nothing else 

appease can't. 


This curious piece is to be found in the King's quarto pamphlets in the British 
Museum, No. 453. I have altered some expressions, which though they passed for 
wit in those days, would now be considered as unqualified nastiness. 


Letter from Mons. Denys, and corresponde?ice between Sir George Croke and Mr. 
Oldenburg. From the Letter Books of the Royal Society. 

A Letter of Mons. Denys to Mr. Oldenburg, about a liquor newly found, 
staunching the effusion of all blood. 

Nous sommes occupez presentement par ordre du Roy a faire des experiences 
dont tout le monde recevra de grands nvantages. II n'est pas necessaire de vous 
y preparer en vous faisant souvenir de la peine qu'on a d'arrester le sang des ar- 
teres, quand elles sont picquees ou coupees. Cependant nous avons trouve" une es- 
sence merveilleuse, la quelle etant appliqu^e sur quelque artere que ce soit, arreste a 
l'instant meme le sang sans qu'il soit besoin d'aucun bandage a la partie. Nous 
l'avons experimente sur des cliiens, aux quels nous avons couppe" les arteres crural 
et carotides, et la cuisse meme, et le sang s'est arreste 1 en moins de temps qu'il n'en 
faut pour lire cette lettre. C'est une remede qui n'est point scarrotique ou cor- 
rosif: car la plege se guerit sans escarre, ny suppuration, ni cicatrice. Nous avens 
fait des experience sur des hommes aux quels on avoit ouvert des arteres tempo- 
rales : sur d'autres, qui avoient este couppez aux mains et au visage, et la chose nous 
a reussy aussi bien que sur les animaux. Vous pouvez juger combien cette essence 
sera utile dans les armees, on la plupart meurent faute de pouvoir arrester le sang, 
soit dans les corps tranchons, soit lorsque l'escarre tombe, dans les coups de feu. 
Notre essence agit non seulcment exterieurement, mais encore au dedans, quand on 
en boit: carelle arreste les pertes de sang des femmes, les fluxes de sang inveterez, 
les homoroides ouvertes, et autres htemorragies. A present que ce remede a este 
bien eprouvee aux yeux de toute la cour, et de tout ce qu'il y a de scavans medicins 
et chirurgiens, qui l'ont admire, le Roy nous adonne privelege pour la vendre dans 
ses armies et par tout le Royaume. J'avoit pense qu'on en pourroit faire quelque 
chose en Angleterre, et que si quelqu'un y en portoit on en tireroit bien de l'argent. 
Mandez moy si vous jugez plus a propos que 1'y envoye quelqu'un pour la debi- 
ter, ou bien s'il ny a personne en Angleterre qui vueille en acheter le secret pour 
en lirer ensuite le profit. Si Ton avoit un privelege du Roy D'Angleterre, il y 
auroit quelque chose a faire. Car pour une pistolle de dispense on en tireroit plus 
de mille ; et c'est une chose dont tout le monde aura a faire tant a l'armee que dans 
tous les menages. 

Je suis, Monsieur, votre ties humble serviteur, 

A Pans, ce \- May, 1673. DENIS ». 

» Letter books of the Royal Society, vol. vi. p. 109. 


Sir George Crook's letter to Mr. Oldenburg, containing his proposition about the lon- 
gitudes by means of a mercurial hour-glasse. 

Sir, Waterstoke, Sep. 22, 1673. 

Having had the favour of y r correspondence, and been obliged not 
only for the German Ephemerides, but also for the liquor which Mons r Denys 
brought over to stanch blood; I shall by way of my thankful return impart to you 
a proposition for Invention of the Longitudes, which if you will give me leave, I 
shall explain in such language, as is proper for the subject. 
De Longitudine ita cogito ; 

Impossible videtur, certam fieri regulam ex Ccelis, sive per Eclipsim Lunae, sive 
locum ejus in zodiaco, sive per distantiam a fixis, sive ejus ingressus in lineam 
Eclipticam, sive per planetas Joviales, sive alio aliquo modo ex ccelis ; quia sunt haec 
phcenomena raro apparentia, varieque se habent respectu loci in quo sumus. Sit 
igitur hoc in confesso. 

Omnes insuper consentiunt, invento modo perfecto mensurandi temporis, in quo 
non sit error aut defectus, Longitudinem certissime obtineri. Videamus igitur hu- 
jus mensurationis modos hactenus excogitatos. 

De Sciathericis non ambigitur, scil. per ea rem confici non posse. 

Nee potest fieri in Clepsydris, quia humor congelascet. 

Nee in Clepsamminis ; ob arenas humido ccelo coagmentum. 

Non per Automata quae vocant Pendula; materia^ enim indoles, ex qua fiunt, ta- 
lem perfectionem impedit, et diversitas aeris tollit perpetuam motus aequalitatem, 
ita ut in Nova Zembla, Belgis hyemantibus, omnino a motu cessaverint. 

Componatur igitur 'XigoAoyeTov, in modum Clepsydra; ex Argento Vivo, optime 
defaecato; exactissime libretur ad horas 12; lineae horaria; circumscribantur; im- 
ponatur in navi, et sit ita suspensum aut affixum, ut una cedat motui; observetur 
hora, qua discessimus, meridiana ; observentur horaj quotidianaa quam diligenter 
per custodem etc. fiant csetera ut solet. 

Besides the use of this mercury-glass, I doe not reject the ccelcstial phcenomena, 
nor our late ingenious pendulums, of which I would have two or three in each ship. 
But that the measure of time by descent is most simple, and never shall fail as 
long as their is motion by gravity; that quicksilver refined is not subject to cold 
or moisture, as sand and water, and mineral powders are; that it is slippery, equal 
and very ponderous, I think will be denied by none; that it is the fittest or rather 
only medicine to measure time exactly, constantly, and with ease, to me seems most 
rational, since the phcenomena of the heavens, and magnetique variations, are rare, 
uncertain, laborious, and there can be nothing left for this purpose but clocks and 
hour-glasses; the last whereof (even very common sand-glass) I have observed to 


keep a more accurate and constant account with the dyal, than most watches I have 
yet seen. 

Now, Sir, whether its descent, by the heaving, setting, or lateral motion of a 
ship in great waves, will be altered as to its equality and velocity, and so the precise 
measure of time not certainly known, the solution of such objections must be known 
by experiment. But 'tis by some very learn'd men believed, that it will alter as 
little or less than other ways hitherto proposed, nor the error be considerable as to 
the whole 12 hours; especially if put into such a place, as is least subject to such 
shaking, and be after compared with pendulums; nor is there any known place in 
the whole globe, wherein, if the sun, or scars, or other phcenomena appear, the me- 
ridian may not be again stated, and so the account be renewed. 

There is one objection to be expected, which is the facility, as if the difficulty of 
an invention added to the dignity. And in an age so critical, wherein the witts 
have been employed in nicer speculations, when this plain way of a mercury glass, 
and applying the measure of time per descensum to the longitudes shall be found 
true, I do not doubt but they will wonder it was not prosecuted before, rather than 
their laborious clock work, or the uncertain view of the planets. But as we do not 
owe our usefullest inventions to men of greatest subtilty, so if they please to consider 
it well, such an exact glass and such a material of pure mercury which no weather 
will alter, is not easy to bring to perfection. When any man shall do it, I will 
exchange for such an instrument the best dyal or watch I have, and will be thank- 
ful to him for the great pleasure he will give me (if it were but in my study) to 
number one day aright. However, I conceive all the ways yet attempted for this 
end to have been more curious than profitable, and seem to me not capable of an 
exact and constant rule. 

What Mr. Bond's undertaking will prove, we shall better understand when he 
shall please to discover it. For the present I think, there is as little certainty in 
the variation of the magnetic needle, as there is when the next comet will be pro- 
duced, and what course it will take; these things depending upon such obscure 
causes and (if I may say) small and intricate wheels, that the life of man and the 
diseases he is subject to seem to me not more uncertain ; the observations of one 
or two ages past will not prove it shall always continue within rules, nor is the 
world agreed of the cause of its direction, which some believe is influenced by the 
stars, others, with Gilbert, place it in the earth, all say differs according to different 
climates. I wish heartily, the author had found out a certainty of its variation in 
all climates, and (if he had done it) conceive him worthy of the reward proposed, 
which you know is very considerable, as Varenius states the account. In the mean 
time, since all the world agree, that a glass exactly made will measure an hour, 
especially (as I conceive) this of refined mercury, and that the longitudes are no 
more but the applying of the exact measure of time, I could wish this way were 


curiously tried; and since I assert nothing, but only propose a problem to men of 
more leisure and advantages than I have to perform its operation, I doubt not the 
world will excuse the attempt, although it faile in the experiment; that you also 
will pardon this trouble, is the hope of, 

Your obliged friend and servant, 


Mr. Oldenburg's answer to Sir George Crook's letter of Sept. 22, 1673. 

I count it the advantage of philosophy, and mine, to entertain a commerce of 
useful ingenuities with so worthy and intelligent a person as yourself. It was my 
joy, that I had any thing in my poor study to pleasure you with. I promised 
myself the favour of some account from you touching the blood-staunching liquor, 
and I do so still. Those that have used it in the last engagement at sea against 
the Dutch, give it, I hear, a great commendation. And I understand besides, that 
some have used it also inwardly with great success, to stop bleeding upon the 
eruption or opening a vessel in the lungs or other internal parts, being administered 
according to the printed direction. Mean time, one of the Fellows of the Royal 
Society, the learned Dr. Martyn Lister, a practitioner of physick in York, assures 
me by more than one letter, that, before ever any of M. Denys his liquor came to 
York, he invented a water performing the same with that, and even with more ex- 
pedition, of which, he saith, he hath seal'd up the way of preparing it, and put it 
into the hands of Mr. Brook, that so, when it shall please the authors of the other 
to divulge their way, it may be compared, and known wherein they differ. If he 
or others of the like ingenuity and skill had been excited to search after such a 
liquor, before that of the French physitian was known or brought over, they might 
then as well as now have found out such an one, and carried away the reward. 

But, Sir, to come to your proposal concerning the Longitudes, I am obliged to 
thank you for the communications, and at the same time to let you freely know 
some thoughts of our friends here concerning it. First then, it is to be found in 
Ricciolo, that Tycho Brahe many years ago tryed the same way by you proposed, 
but in vain, complaining that Mercury played the knave with him. See him in his 
Geographia Reformata, 1. viii. p. 336. col. 2°. where he hath this passage. 

Tycho (ut ipse refert, Progym. torn. i. c. 2. p. 149.) excogitavit clepsydram ex 
argento vivo ter quaterque sublimato, et revilicato, ac defaecatissimo. Erant autem 
ampulla? vitreae capaces tanti mercurii, quantum abunde sufficeret ad 24 horas nu- 
merandas. Statim vero ac fixum quoddam sidus ad meridianum pervenit, per- 

b Letter Book, vol. vi. page 303. 


missus est fluere mercurius per angustissimum ampulla; foramen, et eadem Stella ad 
meridianum redeunte, subductum est vas inferius ampullar, et impeditus mercurii 
fluor. Sed et adhibita fuit ilia cautio, ut per aliud vas vitreum, priori supereminens, 
tantum mercurii suppeditnretur ampulla; mingenti, quantum ex eafluebat, ut pondus 
contenti mercurii maneret sibi uniforme, et equaliter fluentem liquorem detruderet. 
Collectum deinde diurnse revolutions mercurium ponderavit, indeque agnovit, 
quota pars mercurii uni horae, quota uni minuto, quota denique uni secondo debe- 
retui-. Sed tandem deprehendit vafri hujus mercurii dolos, et clandestinas in 
equalitates ad subtilitates Astronomicas inutiles esse. 

To this the same Author adds the attempt of another man Snill, in these words. 

His tamen non obstantibus, Dudlaeus lib. 1. de arcanis maris, similes Clepsydras 
et Horologia Mercurialia Naucleris commendat. Ut vero minor sit impensa, pro- 
ponit Horologia sex, unum ita dimensum ut 24 libras argenti vivi continens, per 
tarn angustum foramen fluat, ut 24 horas exaequet; secundum, quod horas 12 totidem 
libris; tertium, quod horas sex; quartum, quod horas 4 ; quintum, quod horas 3; 
sextum quod horam unam ; monetque ut in aequilibris conserventur in infima parte 

So far Ricciolo ; we have not heard that any thing hath been tried since with 

Another thing to be considered in this matter is, that the mercury, how well 
soever refined, is like to be subject to alterations. And 'tis withall apprehended, 
that the hole itself which it runs through will in time vary. Nor do we see any 
ground to hope, that it will run equally in great agitations of the ship. 

However, Sir, it may be that some of our ingenious and careful experimenters 
will try this way anew: and if any of them do with any success, you shall have an 
account thereof, God permitting, from 

Y r . very humble servant, 


Sir George Crake's letter to Mr. Oldenburg about Mercurial Hour-glasses for the 


Your last came not to my hands till the beginning of this month, which yet I 
should have answered sooner, if continual company at my house had not prevented 

I shall now begin with our discourse of the Longitudes, and assure you, I never 
read the Authors you mention upon that point of a Mercurial Hour-glasse, but am 

c Letter Book, vol. vi. page 317. 
5 2 2 


glad my opinion is confirmed by so good authority. Nor do I like it much the 
worse because they failed in the experiment, since I impute it to the ill success they 
had in purifying the mercury, or to the bad contrivance of the vessel through which 
it run. For your objections, I shall add to what I said in my last paper, 

1. That the hole through which it runs, shall never vary if it be made of glass; 
in metals, quicksilver must make an alteration. 

2. For the nicety of dividing the hours, it may be done, I believe, as exactly as 
other manual operations, but however, if in every 12 hours (which is the running 
of the glass) I know where I am, I doubt not but in the routier of a ship's voyage 
it may be enough, especially where there is sea room. 

3. As for the convenient placing of it, to avoid as much as possible its agitation, 
the mariner can best order it, to whom it must be referred, and 1 believe, the expe- 
riment will be rather nice than of great expence. 

Let it therefore not be condemned upon trust, because Tycho failed in it; but 
rather let it be tried with the utmost accuracy, since so great a man as he judged it 
probable. And truly for this reason I communicated my thoughts so frankly to 
you, that by virtue of your recommendation, as it passes through the world, it may 
hit upon some lucky hand to perfect it. For, as I have good reason to believe, 
nothing yet experimented hath or can affect the discovery; so till this be accurately 
tried, I will conclude nothing, but am apt to think, a plainer and more probable 
way to effect it is not in nature, for many reasons I could give; the substance 
whereof in part you had in my other paper. 

In the next place, I shall give you an account of the blood staunching liquor. I 
thought yours too precious to try experiments upon dogs, being the same you told 
me came from Mons r . Denys; and not having any great quantity, took the oppor- 
tunity of two ladies' fingers, which, in the time you read these two or three lines, 
tho' cut deep, it stopped : the rest of that glasa I reserve for such occasions, not 
knowing how to command more of it. But of that of the K. (which is sold with a 
paper of direction, and is I suppose much the same) be pleased to take this account. 

About the middle of October last, a very good chirurgeon opened the crural 
artery of a dog, and cut it half in two; the incision through the muscle the length 
of a finger. The Sanative Water was immediately applied with a pledget, and 
held on a quarter of an hour. When the finger was taken away it bled as violently 
as ever, so that in half a quarter of an hour more the clog died ; when dead was 
opened, and no manner of appearance found of uniting the artery. If he should 
have made a strong ligature, he conceives it would have caused mortification. 
Upon the experiment, with relation to this liquid medicine, I am apt to conclude, 

1. That if this or any other liquor staunches blood without cauterizing, it must 
be from some unaccountable quality; as if (e. g.) in a pipe which conveys the river 
water to you, a hole should be made in the middle, and you should have something 


like Moses's rod ; that (without sodering up the aperture) should as soon as it 
touched, divide the water from the water. In this case 'tis much more improbable, 
the blood of an artery being so thin, spirituous, hot, and flowing out with such 
violence, that, I conceive, it must wash away any liquid medicine, although a po- 
tential cautery, without a strong tie, and, if tied, then the trust is to the ligature. 

2. When this effect succeeds (as I had forgot to tell you it did some hours 
before on the other leg of the same dog) there is only some small branch of an 
artery opened, where it lies very high, or else the artery is cut through, which is 
much easier to stop, because both ends shrink up and contract, whereas, opened 
by incision only, it lies upon the stretch. 

3. That then, either in small branches of arteries, or a greater cut through, not 
only this medicine, but the very flue of a hare, or other things compressed hard, 
with the shrinking of the ends of the divided parts, will do it, yet not without an 
escar: but that nothing can (I conceive) staunch violent bleeding in a great trunk 
of an artery, but either an actual or potential cautery: and this I fear will be found 

Yet truly I believe it an excellent liquor to staunch blood, and possibly, if used 
by way of syringe, in some fluxes may be used very useful both to heal and cleanse ; 
a thing of no mean use in the aperture of the mouths of small veins, and in some 
foul distempers; which I submit to the judgement of those who profess Physic; a 
science I do not profess, and therefore you will pardon me, if I speak at large, who 


Your very affectionate humble servant, 

Waterstock, GEORGE CROKE*. 

Nov. 20, 72. 

Extract of a letter of Sir George Croke to Mr. Oldenburg about a Meracry Hour- 
glass, and Mr. Denys's Stiptic Liquor. 
As to the Mercury Glass I shall not say any thing more, without a trial. I 
understand how uncertain all other ways have been, and be the motion of the ship 
what it will, if it hath not the same effect on pendulums altogether, yet, on the 
other side, the difference of clime and weather have not the same effect upon my 
glass as on their wheels and clock-work. Therefore with all its faults, I take an 
exact glass to be better than the pendulum, and by consequence more certain than 
any other way yet found out, except the variation of the magnetical needle be 
brought to a certainty, which 1 believe impossible. Sir R. Moray was at first of 
the same opinion you seem to be; but I remember, walking in the Spring Garden, 

d Letter Book, vol. vi. page 339. 


about a year since, I so far persuaded him to get it tried, that he promised me to 
get a glass contrived, and himself would take care about the purifying of the mer- 
cury, which was the greatest difficulty he conceived in it. How far he proceeded I 
cannot tell, but he thought Mr. Hook might be the fittest person, if his health 
would give him leave. I heartily wish you would so far assist me in it, as to get an 
hour-glass of mercury contrived and exactly stated; the charge I should willing be 
at, because I find the inconvenience of sand glasses, as well as of pocket clocks and 
watches, in damp weather. If this were curiously done, it would soon be found 
how far it may be improved to the end I propose. 

I purpose when I get some more of the stiptic liquor, to make further trial, and 
shall do it faithfully, not only once, but on divers subjects, as I have occasion. I 
heartily wish it may be found true, as well in the opening of the trunk of an artery, 
lying upon the stretch, as I know it may do in small vessels cut asunder, the mouths 
whereof, if they be not tense, will shrink up together, and with application of proper 
medicines (though not without an escar which will rub off two or three times) heal 
themselves: upon which reasons, and others I gave you in my last, I must suspend, 
though I wish as well to the design as any man. Tempus docebit. Let a fair trial 
be made by opening a great artery, and not cutting it asunder, nor using a very 
strong ligature, and it will soon be found by what charm the medicine works, 
which must stop arterious blood, without being an actual or potential cautery. It 
would be a great satisfaction to see it done yourself, and if the experiment be made 
with the limitation I propose, I shall sooner believe you than the inventor. 

Your very affectionate humble servant, 

Waterstock, GEORGE CROKE*. 

Feb. 2, 167|. 

Sir George Crook's letter to Mr. Oldenburg about the effects of Mr. Denys his stiptique 



I should be wanting to the love I bear to truth, and the inquisition the world 

every where makes after it, if I should conceal from you (after two very diligent 

experiments) what I find to be the event of your blood staunching liquor. Of the 

first I gave you notice: your letter in answer to me gave me encouragement to 

make a second trial, to which there were persons of good quality witnesses, and 

least we should err, I procured an eminent chyrurgeon to be the operator. Having 

then a dog before us of a middle size and full of blood, we bound him fast, and 

opened his crural artery, cutting it as you may see, half through, (for the artery 

itself I send you that you may see the incision,) I had the account of Mons r . Denys, 

c Letter Book, vol. vi. page 17. 


with the other given us in your transactions before me, upon which we proceeded, 
stopping the orifice with a button pledged, well tinged in that French liquor, a 
minute watch also was not wanting, so that after a full quarter of an hour, we took 
it off, the dog lying very still, but found the blood spirt with the same briskness 
and heat it did at first. We then resolved to apply a fresh one, very well soaked, 
and wait it with patience, which we did for an hour and half at least, holding the 
finger hard upon it. The dog was at so much ease, that he slept good part of the 
time, and we concluded, having removed the finger, that the blood was stopped, so 
let the pledget remain in the orifice a little while, not without very good thoughts 
of the sanative liquor. Some would have had him unbound and let go, but I 
could not agree that it would then amount to an experiment, since the pledget 
being hard dried to him, it must necessarily stop it so long as it kept on, and what 
force the dog might use to get it off we could not tell, so we agreed to remove it 
very gently, which as soon as we did, the artery was so far from any coalescence, 
that the blood spirted with great violence, as freely as at first. It was then con- 
cluded the experiment should be tried no farther, since we had waited beyond what 
was done at Paris, or Whitehall, and in a quarter of an hour or less, the dog bled 
to death. Not that we could not have stopped it by using some ligatures and cut- 
ting the artery asunder, but only to satisfy ourselves how the incision was made, 
which you may see is not a great orifice, yet enough to bleed out his life. The 
crural artery of a man being bigger, would, I suppose, have finished it much sooner. 
This I write as a matter of truth ; I envy no gentleman's fame, and particularly 
not M. Denys, for I believe the liquor may have good virtue in some cases, but as 
to stopping arterial blood, being no cautery, no ligature made, nor the artery cut 
through, to deal ingenuously, I cannot find it, nor see reason, especially in so short 
an application as mentioned in his letter from Paris. I heartily wish it were as true 
as that I am, 

Your unknown but very affectionate friend and servant, 

Waterstock, GEO. CROKE f . 

19 May, 167*. 

No. XXIX. 

A paper respecting the printing of Sir George Croke's Reports. Printed on a single 
sheet. From the King's Pamphlets, folio, vol. 13. in the British Museum. 

About the 7 ,h of March, 1655, Master Whiting and Master Spelman came to 
Richard Hodgkinsonne lo treat about the printing of Judge Crooke's [or Sir 


George Crooke's] Reports ; desiring the said Hodg. to tell him truly and conscien- 
tiously, what he would print it for by the sheete and finde paper? The sum the 
said Hodgkinsonne then pitcht unto them was a farthing a sheete, the number 
printed being two thousand upon each sheete, and the paper to be worth five 
shillings a reame (viz. five shillings and six pence perfect) so for that time they 
parted: but shortly after Master Whiting came to the said Hodg. with one Master 
Bacon, and desired the said Hodg. to make some proves, which he accordingly did. 

About the 12 of September, 1656, M. Jo. Whiting, and M. Clem. Spelman went 
to the Warden of the Stationers ; where M. Whiting desired to have Sir G. 
Crooke's Reports entred to the said Hodgkinsonne, declaring unto the said Warden, 
that he had agreed with the said Hodge for printing them, and therefore willed him 
to take a care that none else should meddle with the printing of them. 

The 15 day, M. Whiting, M. Spelman, and Hodg. went to the Clerk, where M. 
Whiting declared the same words he had done before to the Warden, but the 
Clerke refused entrance to the said Hodg. upon pretence of a former entry to one 

The 16 day, M. Whiting and M. Spelman went to Stationers' Hall, and there at 
a publique court, M. Whiting disclaimed the entrance of Warren, as surreptitious, 
and declared his agreement with Hodg. as formerly he had done to the Warden 
and the Clerke, but no entry was made as desired. 

The 16 day of October, M. Spelman, M. Richison, M went with Hodg. 

to the Hall, where he presented the copy, and required entrance, but was put off'. 

The 5 of January M. Spelman and M. Whiting went with Hodg. again to a 
publique Court, where he presented the copy requiring entrance, but was put off' 
again, &C. 

This caused M. Whiting to complain to the Lord Chief Justice of the Upper 
Bench, who (accompanied with 3 or 4 other of the Judges) after hearing all that 
could be said by the Company, for neglecting to enter to Hodg. as also what 
Warren could say for his pretended claim; una voce ordered, That the former pre- 
tended entry to Warren, so surreptitiously obtained, should be obliterate, and the 
said copy be entered de novo to the said Hodgkinson. 

The 20 of October, 1657, the 17 years of King Charles began to be printed, 
during the printing whereof, M. Whiting hath divers times declared to the several 
workmen, and to sundry other persons (before them in the work house) which he 
hath brought thither to see that work and printing, that he had agreed with M. 
Hodgkins for printing of Sir Georg. Crook's Reports, and that the Book then in 
hand of King Charles his 17 years, was not a third part of it: for there was beside 
22 years of King James his time, and 11 years of Queen Elizabeth's time; before 
the said workmen, the said M. Whiting hath often been angry with the said Hodg- 
kins for finishing what work he had before, and forbad him to entertain any other 


worke; assuring him that he would finde him worke for 7 years, with the books 
aforesaid; and hee hath driven customers from his the said Hodg. house that have 
come to him about work. 

The 23d of March, two booksellers came into the workhouse of the said Hodg. 
and in the presence of the workmen, did much importune the said Hodg. to take 
and print for them what number of sheets he pleased of the Lord Hubbard's Re- 
ports; but Hodg. told them he could net entertain their work until he had ac- 
quainted M. Whiting, and obtained his consent. 

The 2Gth day, M. Whiting being in the workhouse, the said Hodg. moved him 
for his consent; but he refused, saying, That there were Reports of one Bulstrode 
W T hitlock's printing, which he would not for 100/. should come out before his 1 1 
yeares of King James ; and therefore he willed the said Hodg. not to think of en- 
tertaining any other work, but to finish the 17 years of King Charles with all 
speed, and to print for him the 11 years of King James, by Michaelmas. 

Shortly after Hodg. told M. Whiting that King Charles was near done, and 
desired to know if the copy for King James his time was ready or not; if it were 
not and that the presse for want thereof should stand still, it would be very charge- 
able: whereupon within a day or two after M. Whiting brought the said copy into 
the said workhouse, where Hodg. cast it off, and concluded that the last 11 years 
of King James should make a second volume. 

About the 30th of May, King Charles was finished, and Hodg. asking Mr. 
Whiting for the copy of Kin^ James his time, to goe in hand with all; M. Whit- 
ing told him it was in Just. Hale's hand for perusall, but promised faithfully to 
bring it to him in a fortnight: the said Master Whiting came again within 2 or 
3 dayes, and desired Hodg. to provide worke for a moneth, if he could; for (being 
tyred) he had a mind to goe into the country; and then promised without faile to 
bring the said copy to him, within a moneth; but then failed as before. 

No. XXX. 

Orders and Conditions required for those that are to be admitted into the almshouse 
in Studley, in the parish of Beckly in the Countie oj Oxon, and hereafter to be ob- 
served. The 2\st of September, 1639. 

1. For their sexe, they shal be four men, widdowers, or batchelors: and four 
women, widdows, or maydes ; the men to be above the age of threescore years, un- 
lesse they shal be lame and not able to worke, or blynde; then they may be ad- 
mitted, beinge under that age. Women above the age of fiftie years, unlesse they 
have such impediments as aforesaid. The election to be by Sir George Croke, 
duringe his life; and after by Dame Mary Croke, as longe as shee shall live sole, 
and unmarried; and, after her decease, or marriage, which shall first happen, by 
5 R 


Thomas Croke, sonne and heire apparent of the said Sir George Croke, and by the 
heirs males of his body; and for default of such issue, two men and two women to 
be elected, from tyme to tyme by such persons as shall be owners of the mansion 
house of Waterstocke ; and the other two men and two women to be elected, from 
tyme to tyme by such persons as shall be owners of the mansion house of Studley ; 
and the persons elected to be out of the parishes of Chillon, Waterstocke, and 
Beckley, if anie such persons may be found fittinge there; if not, then out of any 
other parishes within sixe miles as they shall think fit. 

2. That the persons elected shall be poore indeede, and well reputed of for re- 
ligion, and good conversation ; noe cursers nor common swearers, noe idle persons, 
noe drunkards, none havinge committed fornication, or adultery; noe haunters of 
alehouses, noe gadders, or wanderers abroad from house to house, noe tale bearers, 
noe busie bodies, but such as shall live without common scoldinge, or brawlinge, and 
quietly and peaceablie with their neighbours ; and such as have been borne, or 
dwelled by the space of ten yeares, at the least, in anie of the townes aforesaid. 
And if anie, by misinformation, be elected, and placed there, wantinge such con- 
ditions ; or, being elected, shall afterwards marry, or fall to such misbehaviours, 
that then they shall be expelled, and removed for ever, and another placed in the 
roome of the person amoved. 

3. That such as be placed there, both men and women, shall alwaies dispose 
themselves to some worke, as they be able, and not to live idlie; but if they be 
able, and in health, and not sicke, they use some labour to get somewhat towards 
their maintenance, that they may eate their owne bread, and give unto others; and 
they may be able to keepe themselves when they are sicke. 

4. That none shall lodge with them in their chambers, or be permitted to lye in 
their chambers, uppon anie pretence whatsoever, but one of them to helpe another, 
beinge all under one roofe, as in charitie they should; but may permit anie to help 
them, not lodginge there ; and that none of them doe lodge out of their chambers, 
nor wander, or beg alms, uppon anie pretence whatsoever, uppon paine of expul- 

5. That their allowance shall be every weeke two shillings to every of them, to- 
wards their maintenance, which shall be paid unto them weeklie, every Sunday, 
after eveninge prayer; soeas they he present alwaies uppon Sunday at publie divine 
service, morning and evening, unlesse they be hindred by sickness, or inabillitie of 
body, to come; but if anie be absent, not hindred by such inability, they, for that 
week they shall be absent, shall lose half of their allowance for that weeke, and the 
same to bee given to the residue that shall be there. 

6. That there shall be allowed to every of them, once every two yeares, at the feast 
of the Nativitie of our Lord, a livery-gowne of broad cloth, ready made for them, of 
couler, London-russet ; and that yeare when they have noe gown, two shirts for 


every of the men and two smockes for every of the women, ready made, and to be 
provided out of the annual rente-charge appointed towards the maintenance of the 
said poore : and if any of them shall dye after their livery-gown receaved, before 
the feast of the Nativitie of our Lord, then nexte ensuinge; that then the same li- 
very-gown shall be to the persons that shall succede them ; and that there shall be 
allowed to every of them yearlie, half a chaldron of sea-coales, or two load of wood. 

7. That if anie of the men or women, placed in this house, doe curse or sweare, 
and that testified by any credible persons, or two witnesses, without oath, for the 
first offence, shall loose the halfe of the next weekes allowance, to be divided in 
bread amongst the residue of the poore there; for the second offence, shall forfeit 
the whole week's allowance; and for the third offence, shall be expelled, and 
removed for ever from that place. 

8. That if anie man or woman placed in this house, be drunke, or sitt in anie 
alehouse above halfe an houre, unlesse it be with some strange freinde that dwelleth 
out of the towne, and then remaine there above an houre, that the same beinge 
testified by some credible person, or two witnesses, without oath, then for the first 
offence, he shall forfeit the one halfe of that next weekes allowance, to be divided 
amongst the rest; and for the second offence, shall forfeit the next whole weekes 
allowance, to be divided as aforesaid ; and for the third offence shall be utterlie 
expelled and amoved from the place there for ever. 

9. That there bee allowed every yeare, out of the annuities, appointed towardes 
the mayntenance of the poore, twenty shillings to the Baily of theMannor of Studley 
for the tyme beinge, or to some other, to see those moneyes disbursed to the poore, 
every Sunday, and these orders performed, or to informe the neglecte of them to 
such as may have power to see them reformed. 

Given under my hand and seal the 21st day of September, Anno Dom. 1639. 

Signed and sealed and published 
in the presence of 
John Edwards, 
John Cammocke, 

Robert Durham, 
John Nickols. 

Seal, Quarterly, Croke and Heynes. Crest, the swans' necks. 

Orders added to the former orders, to be observed by almspeople placed in the house 

for the poore at Sludley, 5th of October, 1639. 

1. That from henceforth Publike Prayers shall be read in the almsehouse, in their 

several chambers, by course, or in the chappell belonginge to the Mansion-house of 

Studley, every morninge, and eveninge, at these hours, (that is to say,) between the 

5 r2 


first of April and the first of October, between the hours of sixe and eight in the 
morning, and between the hours of foure and seaven in the evening; and from the 
first of October untill the first of April! followinge, between the houres of seaven and 
tenn in the morninge, and betweene the houres of three and sixe in the evening ; and 
that the same prayers shal be the Confession of Shins, and such other prayers now 
used in the Church of England. 

2. That there shal be allowed to the curate or schoolemaster, if anie such shal be 
resident in Horton or Studley, that shall be procured to read prayers usuallie at the 
tymes aforesaid, four pounds per annum quarterly, or soe much as he shal be agreed 
with for the same : and if it shall be a layman that readeth prayers, forty shillings or 
fifty-three shillings and fourpence yearly, as they can be agreed with by ten shillings 
a quarter, or thirteen shillings and fourpence a quarter; the same paiments to be at 
the feasts of St. Thomas the Apostle, the Annunciation of the blessed Virgin Mary, 
the Nativitie of St. John Baptist, and the feast of St. Michael, by cquall portions. 

3. That there shall be a little hand-bell, or other little bell, maintained there, 
which one of the poor men shall ring allwaies by turnes, for callinge them to- 
gether to prayers, and that such as shall reade prayers shall alwaies reade a chapter 
in the Old Testament, or Newe Testament, before prayers, and if any placed in the 
Almsehouse come not by the end of readinge the chapter, and continue there duringe 
the tyme of prayers, it shall be a defaulte, if they have noe lawful excuse, as beinge 
at worke abroad, or sicknes, or inabilitie of body to disinable them to come, or 
some other reasonable excuse, which the partie that readeth prayers shall thinke to 
be allowable ; and they pay for such default two pence, to bee bestowed in bread 
and divided amongst the rest. 


No. XXXI. 

From Hutton's collections for Oxfordshire, fyc. page 343. In Rawlinson's Ma- 
nuscripts, A'o. 397. Bodleian Library. 

The coats of arms in painted glass, which were formerly in the church, and 
manor house at Waterstock. Twenty-five of the coats of arms in the church are 
rudely drawn by A. Wood, MS. in the Ashmole Museum, No. 854-8, fol. 52. I 
have noticed what additional information Wood's account contains beyond Hutton's. 

Waterstocke, April 4, 1660. 

It begins with a description of Sir George Croke's monument. 

Over against Sir George Croke's monument, on the north wall, a raised monu- 
ment of grey marble against the wall. Over it, the picture of a man in armor 
praying, kneeling upon a cushion. Upon his surcoat, and undercoat, his arms, Ar. 


on a bend, gules, 3 martlets, vert. (Danvers, Wood,) Between two women, over 
one of their heads, Ermine, on a canton, gules, an owle, argent. (Fowler. Wood.) 
Over the other. Quarterly, or, gules. Quartering, azure, 3 lions rampant, or. In- 
scription tore off. 

In the chanccll window these arms. 

Qu. F. & E. 

Azure, an eagle displayed with two heads, ar. charged on the breast with an 
escotcheon, gu. thereon a lion's face, or. (Joane Maunsel, Wood.) 

Er. on a bend or, 2 chevrons gu. twice. 

In the body of the church. 

On a stone on the ground thus circumscribed in Saxon *,.... Villain de la ba. 

In the north isle, in the east window, Croke, Bennet. 

In the north window if this isle, 

Ar. on a bend, gu. 3 martlets vert. (Thomas Danvers, Wood,) quartering er. on 
a bend, or, 3 chevrons, gu. (Bruly, Wood.) impaling 2 coats per fesse. 1. Er. on a 
canton an owle. (Fowler, Wood.) 2. ar. 2 barrs gu. on a chief, or, a lion passant, 

On a bend 3 martlets, quartering, on a bend 3 chevrons, impaling, on a bend 
3 martletts, quartering, on a bend 3 chevrons. Over all, an escotcheon of pretence, 
(viz.) gu. a fesse, azure, bet. 4 dexter hands couped, argent. (Quatermain, Wood.) 

Er. on a bend, gu. 3 martlets vert. (Danvers, Wood.) quartering, er. on a 
bend, gu. 3 chevrons, or. impaling quarterly, or. gules, quartering. Azure 3 lions 
rampant, or. (Fynes, or Fenys, Wood.) 

At the bottom of these arms several broken inscriptions, (viz.) orate pro aiabus 

Jacobi Feny istam ecclesiam fe- 

cerent annoque grae M°. ccccxxxx . over the arms, the picture of a man between 2 
women praying. Over them, the picture of saints, with their names under them, 
(viz.) Sea Barbara, Sea Trinitas, Sea Anna. 

In the west ivindow of this isle. 

Er. on a bend gules, 3 chevruns, or, impaling gules, a fesse, azure, between 4 dex- 
ter hands couped argent. Over it a man in armour kneeling. Under it this, Orate 

pro aiabus Thomas Danvers, armigeri filii Johis — orat. hered. hezz 

ar. on a bend, gu. 3 martlets vert, (Danvers, Wood,) impaling er. on a bend or. 
3 chevrons, gu. (Bruly, Wood.) Over it a man in armour. 

Ar. a cross ingr. bet. 4 martlets, sable. An escutcheon of pretence imperfect. 
Impaling er. on a bend, or, 3 chevrons gu. Under these 2 latter coats, thus, 

Orate pro aiabus Johis Danvers, arm'., et dnas Johne Mauncell ux. sue, filie et 
heredis Johis Bruly, et Matild: Quatermanus, ux. sua?, quondam patronorum istius 

1 This is evidently wrong. 


In a north window of the church. 

The pictures of two clergymen, all in blew, kneeling before two desks, over them 
pictures of saints, with their names under them, (viz.) Ignatius, Sea Maria, Swy- 
thinus. Under all this inscription. 

Orate pro aiabus M". Joh. Browne quondam Rectoris istius ecclesia; et Thome 
Browne, et . . . . llic. . . . ux : ejus parentum ejus, qui me fieri fecit. 
In the towre window. 

Gu. a fesse, az. bet. 4 dexter hands couped or. Er. on a bend or, 3 chevrons gu. 

Under it this: Orate pro Hawesia Bruly dne Johne ux. 

Johis Danvers. 

In a south window. 

On a bend .... insin .... Canton a mullet sa. charged with a plate, quartering 
Er. on a bend, or. 3 chevrons, gu. (Bruly, Wood.) impaling ar. a fesse bet. 6 mart- 
lets sable Under it, this . . . Win. Danvers .... filie et heredis .... 

armigeri. (Anne, uxoris Will. Danvers filie et heredis Johan. Parry, Wood.) 

On a bend 3 martlets, quartering. On a bend 3 chevrons, impaling, azure on a 
cross argent 5 mullets or. Under it, this. 

Orate pro aiabus Henrici Danvers et Beatricis ux. sua; filie Radulphi Verney 

Ar. a chevron bet. 3 trunks of trees eradicated and couped at the top, sable. Im- 
paling, az. 2 bars gemells, and a chief or. Quartering, lozengy, azure, gules. Under 
it this: 

Orate pro aia Margarete Breknok ille ux. sue ac . . . . Breknok 

filie et hered. 

In another south window. 

On a bend 3 martlets, impaling ermine on a bend 3 chevrons. (Danvers, Bruly, 
Wood.) Under it this. 

Orate pro aiabus Joins Danvers arm. et . . . et dne Johne Bruly ux. suarum ac 
. . . Ricardi Danvers de pscote et Johis .... wald . . . . de Stafford. 

Er. on a canton, gu. an owle, ar. quartering ar. 2 barrs gu. On a chief, or, a lion 
passant, guardant, azure. Impaling on a bend 3 martlets, quartering, on a bend 3 

In another south window. 

The pall of York, impaling Montague, quartering Monthermer, both together 
quartering Nevyle with a label of 3 points gobony ar. azure. (George Neville, 
Archbishop of York, Wood.) 

Over all, the picture of a cardinal. A man praying with a mitre on his head, 
and a crozier in his hand. Over his head this, Collegium Marie . . . Under him, his 
arms broke out. Under all, this inscription. Orate pro aiabus Georgii Nevyle, 
quondam Archi epi Ebor. ac Willi Waynflete, Wynton Epi, et Thome Danvers, et 
s r onger eorum p n i e tis. All this in the church. 


In Mr. Croke's House. 
In the dining-room -mndovces. 

Knolles. viz. azure, a cross sarcelly between crosses-crosslets, or. Quartering, 
gules on a chevron, argent, 3 roses, gules, the supporters 2 antilopes rampant, ar- 
gent, the crest, an elephant passant, argent. 

Harrington, viz. sable, a fret, argent, quartering. 

1. Barry of 6, argent and gules. 

2. Azure, semi de lis, and a fret, or. 

3. Argent, a chevron between 3 Q gules. 

4. Argent, a bend ingrailed gules. 

5. Argent, a chevron sable, bet. 9 martlets gules. 

6. Or, a cross ingrailed, gules, in dext. cant, a martlet, azure. 

7. Azure, 3 bucks trippant, or. 

8. Argent, fretty sable. On a canton sable a mullet argent. 

9. Azure, a saltier, and a chief, or. 

10. Or, an escotcheon, gules, within a double tressure counter floured, gules. 

11. Argent, a lion rampant azure. A chief gules. 

12. Azure, 3 garbs, or. 

13. Azure, a wolve's head erased, argent. 

14. Argent, a cinque foil, azure. 

15. Or, 3 pyles, gules, a canton verry. 

16. Or, a fesse gules. 

17. Ermine, a bend, gules. 

18. Argent, 2 glaziers' snippers in saltier, sable, between 4 pears, or. 

19. Gules, 10 bezants. 

20. Ers (ermines) on a chief, or, 3 lions rampant, azure. 

21. Argent, a fesse gules, a label of 3 points azure. 

The supporters. A lion rampant, or. collared gules, and a wolf rampant, gules, 
collared, or. The crest, a lion's bead erased, or, collared, gules. 

Sa, a saltier arg. impaling ar. 2 glaziers' snippers, in saltier, sa. bet. 4 peares, or. 
Under it, [Harrington, Kalwy.] 

Sa, a crescent in fesse point, or, bet. 3 stags' heads cabossed, ar. Quartering, ar, 
a saltier ingrailed, azure, on a chief, azure, 3 saltiers argent. The supporters, two 
red deer, proper, collared, azure, on their collars 3 cinquefoils argent. The crest, 
a snake, after the manner of a figure of 8, thus oo- 

Argent, a lion rampant, gules, on a chief sable 3 escallops argent. Quartering, 

1. Azure, a towre triple towred argent. 

2. Or, 3 bars, gules. 


3. Gules, 3 lucies, hauriant, in barre, paly, ar. 

4. Sa, a griffin rampant bet. 3 cross-crosslets fitchee argent. 

5. Sa, 3 chevrons, ermine, in chief a cressant, or. 

6. Sa, 3 dovecoats, argent, in chief, a mullet, or. 

7. Argent, on a crosse, gules, 5 mullets, or. 

The supporters, a lion rampant, gules, collared, or, and a goat rampant, argent: 
the crest, a goat passant argent. 

Argent, a lion rampant, gules. On a chief sable, 3 escallops argent, impaling, 
sable a fret, argent. Under it (Bedford, Harrington.) 

Sable, on a cross ingrailed, between 4 eagles, displayed, argent, 5 lions passant 
sable. Quartering, argent, a crescent, azure, between 2 barres, gu. On a canton, 
azure, a cinquefoil argent. The supporters, two tigers, rampant, sable. (Over all 
their body bushes of hair argent,) collared, and chained, argent. The crest, a 
demi-tyger like the former, gorged with a crown, argent. 

Quarterly. Ar. gules. In the 2d and 3d a fret or. Over all, a fesse, azure. 

1. Argent, a chevron between 3 ravens' heads erased, sable. 

2. Or, 4 bars, azure, a bordure, gules. 

3. Barry nebuly of 6, gules, and or. 

4. Azure, a lion rampant, between de lis, argent, 

5. Gules, 10 bezants. » 

6. Argent, a lion rampant, sable, crowned or. A bordure, azure. 

7. Azure, a fesse, dancetty, between 10 billets, or. 

8. Azure, a lion rampant between de lis, or. 

9. Or, 3 garbes, and a double trtssure, counterflowered, gules. 

10. Gules, 7 maseles conjoined, 3. 3. 1. or. 

11. Gules, a cinquefoil, or. 

12. Gules, a lion rampant between crosses crosslets, or. 

13. Azure, 3 garbs, or. 

14. Quarterly, or, and gules, and argent. Over all an eagle displayed, or. 

15. Azure, 3 cinquefoils, or. 

The crest, a raven, sergreant, sable. 

The supporters, 2 otters rampant, argent, collared, and chained, or. 
King James, with crest, supporters, and motto. 

King James, impaling Denmark, with quarterings, supporters, and crest. 
The Palsgrave, with quarterings, impaling King James his daughter, with sup- 
porters and crest. 

The Prince of Wales his ostrich feathers, with motto. 
All these are in the dining room. 


In the Great Parlour rvindowes. 

Gules, a fesse between 6 martlets, argent. Impaling, azure, fretty of 10, argent. 
Under it (John Croke, Esquier, and Prudence, daughter of Richard Cave, Esquier.) 

Crcke, impaling, azure, a fesse ingrailed, or, between 3 cronells of a tilt spear, 
argent, a grayhound, current, sable. Under it 

Sir John Croke, Knight, and Elizabeth, daughter to Sir Alexander Unton, 

Croke impaling barry nebule of 6, or, and sable. Under it 

Sir John Croke, Knight, and Katheiine daughter of Sir Michael Blount, Knight. 

Croke, on the fesse a cressant sable. Impaling argent, a chevron, between 3 
ravens' (hawks) heads erased, azure. Under it, Henry Croke, Esquier, and Bennit, 
da. of Robert Honywood, Esquier. 

Croke, with a mullet, sable. Impaling, gules, a bezant between 3 demilions, 
rampant, argent. 

Under it, George Croke, Esquier, and Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Bennet 

Croke, with a martlet, impaling, gules a griffin, rampant, or debruzed by a bend 
ermine. A chief, cheeky, or and gules. 

Under it, Paulus Ambrosius Croke, Esquier, and Frances daughter of Frauncis 
Welsborne, Esquier. 

Croke with a martlet, impaling, argent, 3 pyles, wavee, gules. Under it, Paulus 
Ambrosius Croke, Esquier, and Susan, his second wife, daughter of Thomas Choe, 

Croke, with an annulet. Impaling, argent, a chevron, between 3 ravens' (hawks) 
heads, erased, azure. Under it, William Croke, Esquier, and Dorothy, daughter 
of Robert Honywood, Esquier. 

Sable, a buck's head cabossed, argent (pierced through the mouth with an arrow, 
or) attired, and betwixt them a cross paty fitchee, or. Impaling Croke. Under 
it, Edward Bulstrode, Esquier, and Cicell, daughter of Sir John Crcke, Knight". 

Gules, a chevron between 3 lions' paws, erased and erected, argent, armed, 
azure, within a bordure, argent. On a chief argent, an eagle displayed, sable. 
Impaling Croke. Under it, Sir John Browne, Knight, second husband of Cicell, 
daughter of Sir John Croke, Knight. 

Argent, on a bend, gules, cotised, sable, 3 pair of wings, argent. Impaling 
Croke. Under it, Sir Robert Wingfield, Knight, and Prudence, daughter of Sir 
John Croke, Knight. 

b In Edmondson, Sa. a stag's head cabossed, argent attired, or; in his mouth fesseways an arrow of the last; 
on the scalp, between the attire, a cross formte 6tchee, or. Formed, the same as pat<?e. 

Attired or, pierced through the nose with an arrow feathered of the second, (or) cross of the last, (or.) 
Browne Willis, Bucks. 13. 


Argent, 2 chevrons, azure, a bordure ingrailed gules. Impaling Croke. Under 
it, Sir John Tyrell, Knight, and Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Croke, Knight. 
In the Little Parlour windowes. 
Per fesse, Croke with a mullet, and, argent, a fesse, nebule, azure, charged with 
bezants. Impaling Bennet, with mantling and cresi, 3 swans' heads erased, with 
rings in their mouths, issuing out of a cressant, argent. 

Quarterly, ermine, and paly of 6, or and gules, a bordure, azure, a file of 3 
points, or. Impaling Unton. Under it, Sir Valentine Knightley, Anne, daughter 
of Edward Unton, Knight. 

In the Hall windowes. 
Croke, with a mullet, quartering, argent, on a fesse nebule, azure, bezanty, 
between 3 annulets gules. Impaling Bennet, with mantlings, and both their crests. 
Croke's as before. Bennet's is a lion's head, erased, gules, charged with a bezant, 
issuing out of a crown, or. 

Argent, on a bend, gules, 3 martlets, vert. Quartering, ermine, on a bend, or, 
3 chevrons sable. Impaling, azure, on a crosse ingrailed argent, 7 mullets, or. 

Argent, a crosse ingrailed between 4 martlets sable. Impaling, ermine on a bend, 
or, 3 chevrons, gules. 

Danvers quartering Bruly. Impaling 2 coats, per fesse. I. Ermine, on a can- 
ton gules, an owle, argent. 2. Argent 2 barrs, gules. On a chief, or, a lion pas- 
sant guardatit, azure. 

Bruly impaling Quatermayne. Croke impaling Bennet, under it, Croke, 

Ermine, on a canton, gules, an owle, argent. Quartering, argent, 2 bans, gules. 
On a chief, or, a lion passant guardant, azure. Impaling Danvers, quartering 

Danvers quartering Bruly, impaling, quarterly, or and gules, quartering, azure, 
3 lions rampant, or. 

Danvers impaling Bruly. 

In Saint Michael's Church at Oxford'. Ibid. p. 60. 
In a chappel, on the north side of the chancel], against the north wall, is an 
alabaster monument. Thereon the proportion of a man, kneeling before a table. 
Over his head this inscription, 

In obitum doctissimi religiosissimique Juvenis Thomae Crooke, Cornubiensis, 
filii unici Caroii Crooke, generosi, et Collegii Exoniensis Commensalis. 
Hi lapides non sunt tumulus, sed saxea moles, 

Sub qua non unus sed jacet una domus. 
Qua; patris, et patrui, patriseque novissima vota, 
Pro dolor ! hoc stricto carcere clausa premit. 


Te modo qui spectas liaec spectant, talis ut ipsees. 
Is fuit, ut nunc est, tu cito forsan eris. 
Obiit 3°. die Januarii, Anno Domini 1608. TEtatis sua? 19. 
Over all his arms, viz. Argent, on a bend, vert, between 2 dogs rampant sable, 
3 martlets, or. 

This person by the arms and county appears to have been of another family. 


Bradford's Letters to Mrs. Honywood. 

To Mistress M. H. (Mary Honywood) a Godly Gentlewoman, comforting her 
in that common heaviness and Godly sorrow, which the feeling of sense and sin 
worketh in God's Children. From Foxe's Martyrs, vol. iii. p. 271. Ed. 168-1. 
Coverdale, p. 426. 

I humbly and heartily pray the everlasting God and Father of mercy to bless and 
keep your heart and mind in the knowledge and love of his truth and of his Christ, 
through the inspiration and working of his Holy Spirit. Amen. 

Although I have no doubt but you prosper and go forward daily in the way of 
godliness, more and more drawing towards perfection, and have no need of any 
thing that I can write, yet because my desire is that you might be more fervent and 
persevere to the end, I could not but write something unto you, beseeching you both 
often and diligently to call unto your mind as a mean to stir you hereunto, yea as a 
thing which God most straitly requireth you to believe, that you are beloved of God, 
and that he is your dear Father, in, through, and for Christ and his death's sake. 
This love and tender kindness of God towards us in Christ is abundantly herein 
declared, in that he hath to the godly work of creation of this world made us after 
his image, redeemed us being lost, called us into his Church, sealed us with his 
mark and sign manual of Baptism, kept and conserved us all the days of our life, 
fed, nourished, defended, and most fatherly chastised us, and now hath kindled in 
our hearts the sparkles of his fear, faith, love, and knowledge of his Christ and 
truth, and therefore we lament, because we lament no more our unthankfulness, 
our frailness, our diffidence and wavering in things wherein we should be most, 

All these things we should use as means to confirm our faith of this, that God is 
our God and Father, and to assure us that he loveth us as our Father in Christ; 
to this end (I say) we should use the things before touched, especially in that of all 
things God requireth this faith and fatherly perswasion of his fatherly goodness as 
his chiefest service. For before he ask any thing of us, he saith, I am the Lord 
thy God, giving himself, and then all he hath, to us to be our own. And this he 
5 s 2 


doth in respect of himself, of his own mercy and truth, and not in respect of us, 
for then were grace no grace. In consideration whereof when he saith, Thou shalt 
have none other Gods but me, Thou shalt love me with all thy heart, &c. though 
of duty we are bound to accomplish all that he requireth, and are culpable and 
guilty if we do not the same, yet he requireth not these things further of us, then to 
make us more in love, and more certain of this his covenant that he is our Lord 
and God. In certainty whereof, as he hath given this whole world to serve to our 
need and commodity, so hath he given his Son Christ Jesus, and in Christ himself, 
to be a pledge and gage, whereof the Holy Ghost doth now and then give us some 
taste and sweet smell, to our eternal joy. 

Therefore (as I said) because God is our Father in Christ, and requireth of you 
straitly to believe it, give yourself to obedience, although ye do it not with such 
feeling as you desire. First must faith go before, and then feeling will follow. If 
our imperfection, frailty, and many evils which Satan would have us to doubt, as 
much as we can let us abhor that suggestion as of all others most pernicious: for so 
indeed it is. For when we stand in a doubt whether God be our Father, we cannot 
be thankful to God, we cannot heartily pray, or think any thin? we do acceptable 
to God, we cannot love our neighbours and give over ourselves to care for them and 
do for them as we should do ; and therefore Satan is most subtile hereabouts, know- 
ing full well that if we doubt of God's eternal mercys towards us through Christ, 
we cannot please God, nor do any thing as we should do to man. Continually 
casteth he into our memories our imperfection, frailty, falls, and offences, that we 
should doubt of God's mercy and favour towards us. 

Therefore (my good sister) we must not be sluggish herein, but as Satan labourcth 
to loosen our faith, so must we labour to fasten it by thinking on the promises and 
covenant of God in Christ's blood ; namely, that God is our God with all that ever 
he hath : which covenant dependeth and hangeth upon God's own goodness, mercy, 
and truth only, and not on our obedience or worthiness on any point, for then should 
we never be certain. Indeed God requireth of us obedience and worthiness, but 
not that thereby we might be his children, and he our Father, but because he is our 
Father, and we his children, through his own goodness in Christ, therefore requireth 
he faith and obedience. Now if we want this obedience and worthiness which he 
requireth, should we doubt whether he be our Father? Nay, that were to make our 
obedience and worthiness the cause, and so to put Christ out of place, for whose 
sake God is our Father: but rather because he is our Father, and we feel ourselves 
to want such things as he requireth, we should be stirred up to a shamefulness and 
blushing, because we are not as we should be : and thereupon should we take occa- 
sion to go to our Father in prayer in this manner. 

Dear Father, thou of thine own mercy in Jesus Christ hast chosen me to be thy 
child, eke. therefore thou wouldst I should be brought into thy Church and faithful 


company of thy children, wherein thou hast kept me hitherto ; thy name therefore 
be praised : now I see myself lo want faith, hope, love, &c. which thy children have, 
and thou requirest of me, where through the Divel would have me to doubt, yea, 
utterly to despair of thy fatherly goodness, favour, and mercy. Therefore I come to 
thee as to my merciful Father, through thy dear Son Jesus Christ, and pray thee to 
help me, good Lord, help me, and give me faith, hope, love, &c. and grant that thy 
holy Spirit may be with me for ever, and more and more to assure me that thou art 
my Father, that this merciful covenant that thou madest with me in respect of thy 
grace in Christ and for Christ, and not in respect of any my worthiness, is always 
to me, &c. 

On this sort (I say) you must pray and use your cogitations when Satan would 
have you doubt of salvation. He doth all he can to prevail herein: do you all you 
can to prevail herein against him. Though you feel not as you would, yet doubt 
not, but hope beyond all hope as Abraham did. For always (1 said) goeth faith 
before feeling. As certain as God is Almighty, as certain as God is merciful, as 
certain as God is true, as certain as Jesus Christ was crucified, is risen, and sitteth 
on the right hand of the Father, as certain as this is God's commandment, I am the 
Lord thy God, &c. so certain ought you to be that God is your father. As you are 
bound to have no other Gods but him, so are ye no less bound to believe that God 
is your God. What profit should it be to you to believe this to be true, I am the 
Lord thy God, to others, if you should not believe that his is true to yourself? The 
Divel believeth in this sort, and whatsoever it be that would move you to doubt of 
this, whether God be your God through Christ, that same commandeth undoubtedly 
of the Divel. Wherefore did he make you, but because he loved you? Might not 
he have made you blind, deaf, lame, frantick, &c. might not he have made you a 
Jew, a Turk, a Papist, &c. and why hath he not done so? Verily because he 
loved you. And why did he love you ? What was there in you to move him to 
love you ? Surely nothing moved him to love you, and therefore to make you, and 
so hitherto to keep you, but his own goodness in Christ. New then, in that his 
goodness in Christ still remaineth ns much as it was, that is, even as great as him- 
self, for it cannot be lessened, how should it be but that he is your God and Father ? 
Believe this, believe this, my good Sister, for God is no changeling; then whom he 
loveth he loveth to the end. 

Cast therefore yourself wholly upon him, and think without all wavering that you 
are God's child, that you are citizen of Heaven, that you are the daughter of God, 
the temple of the Holy Ghost, &c. If hereof you be assured as you ought to be, 
then shall your conscience be quieted, then shall you lament more and more that 
you want many things which God loveth, then shall you labour to be holy in soul 
and body, then shall you go about that God's glory may shine in all your words and 
works, then shall you not be afraid what man can do unto you, then shall you have 


wisdom to answer your adversaries, as shall serve to their shame and your comfort, 
then shall you be certain that no man can touch the hair of your head further than 
shall please your good Father, to your everlasting joy, then shall you be most certain 
that God, as your good Father, will be more careful for your children, and make 
belter provision for them, if all you have were gone, then you can, then shall you 
(being assured I say of God's favour towards you) give over yourself wholly to help 
and care for others that be in need, then shall you contemn this life, and desire to 
be at home with your good and sweet Father, then shall you labour to mortifie all 
things that would spot either soul or body. All these things spring out of this 
certain perswasion and faith that God is our Father and that we are his children, by 
Christ Jesus. All things should help our faith herein, but Satan goeth about in all 
things to hinder us. 

Therefore let us use earnest and hearty prayer, let us often remember this cove- 
nant, I am the Lord thy God; let us look upon Christ and his precious blood shed 
for the obsignation and confirmation of his covenant ; let us remember all tbe free 
promises of the Gospel ; let us set before us God's benefits, particularly how he hath 
made his creatures after his image, how he made us of perfect limbs, form, beauty, 
memory, &c. how he hath made us Christians and given us a right judgment in his 
religion ; how he hath ever since we were born, blessed, kept, nourished, and de- 
fended us; how he hath often beaten, chastised, and fatherly corrected us; how he 
hath spared us and cloth now spare us, giving us time, space, place, grace. This if 
you do, and use earnest prayer, and so flee from all things which might wound 
your conscience, giving yourself to diligence in your vocation, you shall find at