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Full text of "A genealogical memoir of the Leonard family : containing a full account of the first three generations of the family of James Leonard, who was an early settler of Taunton, Ms., with incidental notices of later descendants ..."

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GENEALOGICAL MEMOIK 



THE LEONARD FAMILY: 



CONTAINING 



A FULL ACCOUNT OF THE FIRST THREE GENERATIONS 



THE FAMILY OF JAMES LEONARD, 



WHO WAS 



AN EARLY SETTLER OF TAUNTON, MS. 



INCIDENTAL NOTIClTS OF LATER DESCENDANTS. 



[PREPAKED FOR THE NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC-GENEALOGICAL REGISTER.] 



By WM. R. DEANE, 

Member of the N. E. Historic-Genealogical Society. 



BOSTON: 

OFFICE OF THE NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC-GENEALOGICAL REGISTER, 
S. G. Drake, No. 56 Coknhill. 

1851. 



GENEALOGICAL MEMOIR 



THE LEONAED FAMILY: 



CONTAINING 



A FULL ACCOUNT OF THE FIRST THREE GENERATIONS 



THE FAMILY OF JAMES LEONARD, 



WHO WAS 



AN EARLY SETTLER OF TAUNTON, MS. 



INCIDENTAL NOTICES OF LATER DESCENDANTS. 



[prepared for the new ENGLAND HISTORIC-QENEALOUICAL EEQISTEB.] 



By WM. R. DEANE, 

Member of the N. £. Historic-Genealogical Society. 



BOSTON: 

OFFICE OF TUB NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC-GENEALOGICAL REGISTER, 
S. G. Drake, No. 56 Coenhill. 

1851. 



MOODY, PRINTER, — DICKINSON OFFICE, 

No. 52 Washington Street. 



GENEALOGICAL MEMOIR. 



It is now about sixty years since Rev. Peres Fobes, LL.D., pastor of 
the Congregational Church in Kaynhara, furnished for the Massachusetts 
Historical Collections an account of the Leonard fomily,* particularly of its 
longevity, promotion to office and attachment to the iron manufacture. 
In his parish was the location of that family ; there they built their 
forge ; there they erected their first dwelling ; there passed the eventful 
scenes of their transactions and intercourse with the Indians, particularly 
with King Philip, that famous and warlike Chieftain of the red man. 

Doctor Fobes' location atforded the opportunity of learning the remark- 
able and interesting characteristics of the Leonards, and his curiously his- 
toric and inquisitive turn of mind, impelled him to improve it in treasuring 
their annals, and noting the peculiar and remarkable traits by w^hich they 
were distinguished. His wife was the daughter of Rev. John Wales, 
his predecessor in the ministry, whose wife was Hazadiah^, the daughter 
of Dea. Samuel Leonard^ (23).t By this connection, as well as by his 
pastoral relation, he possessed remarkable facilities for acquiring a knowl- 
edge of the minutest incidents in the history of the family of his day and 
generation, and of learning from them and others, on the very ground of 
their enactment, what thrilling and trying scenes the earlier members were 
obliged to pass through. Many interesting facts and anecdotes connected 
w^ith the family were by his death obliterated from the memory of man ; or 
were preserved only indistinctly by others, who, in their turn, have gone 
to the grave, and the facts with them. The account Doctor Fobes gave of 
the Leonard family is believed to be the first family genealogy of any con- 
siderable extent printed in New England. 

Two generations have passed since Doct. Fobes' article was written, and 
now another individual, who is similarly connected with the family, under- 
takes to continue the account, with additional notices of descendants to the 
present period. Before two generations more shall have passed away, 
may the account be continued by still another. A Genealogical Tree of 
the family was made out by Dr. F., probably at the time that the article 
in the Historical Collections was written. This tree w^as discovered a few 
years since, among his papers, by the writer of this article, in whose posses- 
sion it now is. Doctor F. was an elegant penman for his day, and this Tree 
shows a neatness and order which were characteristic of the man. J 

* Mass. H. C. Vol. III. p. 173. 

t These figures refer lo the numbers in the genealogical table at the end of this article. 

t Doct. F. proposed in 1794, according to the advertisement or prospectus [Mass. H. Coll. 
Vol. III. p. J76] which follows his sketch of the Leonard family, to write " A hist&n/ of the 
ancient Culony of Plymouth im New England." This he never accomplished. He had 
made considerable collections for this history, but, from ill health, or other causes, finally 
abandoned his purpose. He had a large number of copies of a series of questions written to 
be sent to different individuals and towns, and undoubtedly received much information 
which would now be considered of great value by the historian, but which, from several 
removals of the family w^o have his papers, it is greatly to be regretted, are pribably 
lost. The history of the old colony has since been very abjy written by the Hon. Francis 
Baylies, in whose mind are probably retained more of its early annals than have been trea- 
sured by any other individual now living. The deficiency of a thorough index to his work, 
we hope maybe remedied in another edition. We hope, especially, at no distant day, also 
to see from the same pen, a history of Taunton, a town surpassed in historical interest in 
that colony only by Plymouth. 



4 Grenealogical Memoir of the Leonard Family. 

The brothers who first came to New England are stated by Doct. Fobes 
to have been from Pontypool, Co. of Monmouth, Wales. Pontypool is 
situated between two hills on a rivulet called the Avon, tributary to the 
Usk, which flows into Bristol channel. It is about 1 2 miles from New- 
port, the nearest harbor. This place was celebrated for its working of iron 
at an early date, and its present importance is derived from the iron and 
tin mines in tlie surrounding district, now chiefly belonging to Capel Han- 
bury Leigh, Esq., Lord Lieutenant of this county, and I'rom the iron works 
situated near the town, conducted upon a very large scale. 

The Leonards undoubtedly had some claim to the ownership of iron 
wovks at Bilston, Co. StaflTord, England. At the time the Leonards came 
to New England there was probably but one furnace in the place. — Since 
that time, and within the past century, from vast additional discoveries of 
coal on this spot, '' great numbers of furnaces, forges, rolling & slitting 
mills, &c." have been erected ; the iron trade here thus possessing advan- 
tages " not surpassed by any other place."* 

Some thirty years since a letter was received at Taunton, written by one 
James Leonard, a workman in the iron works at Bilston, directed to " James 
Leonard iron worker in or near Taunton. Mass. New England" ; stating 
that extensive iron works situated there, belonged to the Leonards. The late 
Charles Richmond, Esq. of Taunton, visiting England about that time, 
improved the opportunity to go to Bilston, and took legal advice of an 
attorney " who stated to him, that if an action was brought to recover the 
property, it would go into the court of chancer)', and it would probably take 
fifty years before the case would be decided." t 

He was also informed, that, by the laws of England, any Estate that is 
mortgaged is entitled to redemption, from the rents and profits. By the 
letter received from Bilston it is understood that the Leonards formerly 
owned the works there, that they left them largely encumbered by mort- 
gage, and the establishment having since by its increased value and profit- 
able operation worked out its own redemption, the fee simple should of 
right revert to the Leonard family. 

There would have been great expense attendant upon the suit, and an 
uncertainty about the result, — together with a certainty of its being delayed 
at least one generation, if finally successful. Under these circumstances, 
the representative of the eldest branch of the family, who, according to the 
laws of England would be the heir, being indifferent in regard to it, no 
attempt was made to substantiate the claim. 

Doctor Fobes states that the forge at Raynham was the first erected in 
America. This statement is evidently incorrect. At Lynn and Braintree 
forges were established at an earlier date. James & Henry Leonard were 
connected with them, but finally settled at Raynham, where they built the 
first iron works in the old colony. At that time, the proprietors of the iron 
works at Lynn and Braintree had a monopoly by grant, of this business for 
the Massachusetts colony. Their neighbors of the Plymouth colony, were 
also desirous to establish works of the kind, as appears by the following 
extract from a letter signed by Thomas ffolley, John Becx and Gualter 
Frost, dated " London this 28* of September 1652," in which an agreement 
to employ Wm. Osborne (then in London) at ^'' Brant ry furnas ^- fordges" 
as " clark" is mentioned. They add ; — " wee doe vnderstand so much by 
him, that if he hath no imployment by us, that then (he being desired long 

* McCulloch's Gnzettesr. 

t MSS. leUer of Horatio Leonard, Esq., dated Augt. 27, 1851, in which he also says:, — 
with regard to the letter from Bilston, Eng. " It passed into the hands of various individuals 
of the Leonard family and I cannot now recollect in whose hands it is." 



G-enealogical Memoir of the Leonard Family. 5 

sense bj tlioes of Pliraouth Patent) to be imployed by tbeni in raysing of 
yron worckes thaer, to ower graet preiudice ; & without him wee are con- 
fident thay will not be attempted." 

They were attempted, as will apjiear by the following record made on 
the town book of Tannton Oct. 21. 1()02. " It was at a town meeting con- 
ferred and agreed upon between the inhabitants of Taunton and Henry 
Leonard of Braintree : 

^Imprimis. It was agreed and granted by the town to tlie said Henry 
Leonard and James Leonard his l)rotlier, and Ralph Russell, free consent 
to come hither and join with certain of our inhabitants to set up a bloomery 
work on the Two mile River.*" 

At thisyery time, some of the owners in London, of the iron works in 
Massachusetts were s^o contident that by employing Osborne, they would 
prevent the erection of-' yron worckes " in Plymouth colony, the Leonards 
and Russell were, undoubtedly, conferring with the Taunton people on the 
subject, and, before the arrival of that letter in this country, had obtained 
leave to establish their forge. The " P)loomery" according to this agreement 
" was erected and the iron manufacture extensively and prosperously pur- 
sued."! 

The forge at Raynham was the great joint stock company of that vicinity 
and period. For several generations are found on the probate and other 
records " my share " or " shares in the iron works " as transmitted from 
father to son, or other heirs of the succeeding generation. These works 
were undoubtedly very profitable, although we have no certain knowledge 
of the amount of dividends paid. 

Henry^ (3) who, with his brother Janies^ (2) established the forge at 
Taunton, (now Raynham) was at Lynn in 1655 and 1668, and afterwards 
carried on the works at Rowley village, which place he left early in 1674 ; 
and at that time, or soon after, went to New-Jersey, establishing the iron 
manufacture in that state. 

Henry's sons SamueP, NathanieP, and Thomas^, contracted to carry on 
the works at Rowley Village after their father had left, but undoubtedly, 
soon followed him to New-Jersey, where numerous and highly respected de- 
scendants are now living, and where generation after generation of this 
branch of the family, it is believed, to the present day, have been more or 
less interested in their favourite ])ursuit — the manufacture of iron. Hon. 
Stephen B. Leonard, M. C. 1835-7 and 1839-41, is said to be of this family. 

The Leonards were interested in the iron works at Lynn, Braintree, 
Rowley Village, and Taunton, and at a later date in those at Canton, so 
that the observation " lohere you can find Iron works there you iciU find a 
Leonard", has been almost literally verified. They were probably inter- 
ested in most, if not all of the iron works established in this country within 
the first century after its settlement, and it is a remai'kable fact that the 
iron manufacture has continued successively, and generally very success- 
fully, in tlie hands of the Leonards, or their descendants, down to the pre- 
sent day. Their old forge, though it has been several times remodelled, 
has been in constant use for very nearly two hundred years, and is now in 
the full tide of successful operation. It is owned by Theodore Dean^ Esq. 
who is descended from the Leonards, through his father, Eliab B. Hean'^, 
Esq. and his grandfather, Hon. Josiah Dean", M. C. 1807-9. who was son of 
Josiali Dean^, who was son of Thomas Dean and Mary Kingsley^ (46.). 
Mr. Dean is also a descendant of the Leonards, in another line, through his 
grandmother, Sarah^ ' daughter of Rev. Eliab Byram, who died in Rayn- 

* Baylies' Hist. Plyaio. Col. Vol. II. p. 268. t Ibid. II. p. 268. 



6 Genealogical dlemoir of the Leonard Family. 

ham, Jan. 13, 1849, in her ninety -ninth year, an instance of the remarka- 
ble longevity of the Leonard family. 

The very extensive Iron works at Sqnabetty, on " Taunton Great Riv- 
er," lately belonging to H. Leonard & Co. and since incorporated as the 
" Old Colony Iron Company", are now carried on by Messrs. William A.^, 
Samuel L.**, and George A. Crocker^, Escjrs., who are descendants of James 
Leonard", through their father William Crocker'', Esq., by the marriage of 
their grandfather Josiah Crocker, son of Rev. Josiah Crocker, with Abi- 
gail, daughter of Zephaniah Leonard^, Esq. who was son of Steplien^(36). 

The old Leonard House, which stood but a few i-ods from the forge, . 
was pulled down a few years since. A part of this house was probably 
built as early as 1670, although the vane upon it had stencilled or cut into 
it, the year 1700. It had been occupied by the family down to the seventh 
generation, and the spot, with modern dwellings, is now owned and occu- 
pied by the eighth. At the time the old house was demolished it was 
probably the oldest mansion in New England, if not in the country.* " It 
was apparently modellcil after an English fashion of the eighteenth centu- 
ry, with some modifications proper for defence against the Indians."! This 
house, in its first rude form, was with another, kept constantly garrisoned 
during Philip's war. "• In the cellar under this house, was deposited for a 
considerable time, the head of King Philip ; for it seems that even Philip 
himself shared the fate of Kings ; | he was decollated and his head carried 
about and shown as a curiosity by one Alderman, the Indian who shot him."§ 
Under the door steps of the same dwelling were buried two unfortunate 
young women who were shot by the Indians.|| It is greatly to be regretted 
that this ancient gothic structure was not tufFered to remain, as a kind of 
castellated curiosity, a monumental memento, telling, in silent but expres- 
sive eloquence, to future generations, the story of the thrilling scenes by 
which it was surrounded and through which it had passed. 

It has been said that the Leonards are of the family of Lennard, Lord 
Dacre ; one of the most distinguished families of the nobility in the United 
Kingdom, and descended in two lines from Edward III ; through two of 
his sons, John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, and Thomas Plantaganet, Duke 
of Gloucester ; and this statement has some plausibility. When Daniel 
Leonard, late Chief Justice of Bermuda, first went to England to reside, he 
was introduced to Lord Dacre, then a Lennard, " who acknowledged the 
affinity ";1[ and Rev. Wni. McKinstry, who was a descendant of tlie Taun- 
ton Leonards, and settled in England, " was noticed as a relative by Lady 
Dacre."** 

That the name Leonard is identical with that of Lennard is evident, 
as the same arms ai'e born by both names. The earlier members of the Da- 
cre family spelt it both ways ; and there are early instances where the name 
as applied to the same individual, in print at least, has these two variations. 
It has been said that the title of Baron Dacre, belonged to the Taunton 
Leonards. 

Sir Thomas Barrett Lennard, Lord Dacre, was the last Lennard who 
enjoyed that title. . He died Feb. 12, 1786, leaving no legal issue, and was 
succeeded, whether by special graTit or otherwise, is not stated, by his 

*The oiliest dwelling now stanfling in New England is supposed to be tlie house lately 
occupied by the Leonard Family in Norton. — See the No. of this work for Jan. last. Art. 
Obit, of Mrs.Bowen. 1 Thatcher's Indian Biography, Vol. I. p. 173. 

J Among the Antiquities of the Massachusetts Hist. Soc., is the lock of the gun which 
proved fatal to Kitig Philip, and also a samp dish found in his wigwam. 

\ Doct. Fobes' Topographical Account of Raynham, Hist. Col. Vol. III. p. 171. 

II Ibid. ^[ J. E. Spr.ague, Esq. ]M,S. letter confirmed by Hon. F. Baylies. 

** J. E. Sprague's MS. letter. 



Crenealogical Memoir of the Leonard Family/. 7 

nephew, Charles T. Roper, who died July 4, 1794, also without issue. He 
was succeeded, by grant of Parliament, by his only sister, Gertrude, as Bar- 
oness Dacre. tShe had previously married Thomas Brand, Esq. Her 
son, Thomas Brand, on the death of his mother, in 1819, succeeded her in 
title and estates, and is the present Lord Dacre. 

In 1786, on the death of Sir T. B. Lennard, or in 1794, on the death 
of his successor, when no male heir appeared, George Leonard^, son of 
George^ (both of whom were Loyalists and went to the British Provinces 
to reside,) came to Norton and Raynham to consult with the Leonards 
there, upon the expediency of claiming the title in question. The 
})recise evidence which could then have been brought forward to enforce 
this claim is unknown to the writer of this article. It is understood, 
however, that the particular individual who would have been the heir, if 
the title belonged to the Taunton Leonards, preferred the independence 
of Democratic liberty and ease, to bearing the Aristocratic honors of 
nobility in meekness or otherwise. 

The statement has been made by J. E. Sprague, Esq., of Salem, in the 
Essex Register, that Hon. Daniel Leonard had the title of Baron oifered 
him by the English Government, and that he refused it.* Among his friends 
and relatives, in Taunton and vicinity, no confirmation is obtained. It is 
there believed that he would have accepted the title had it been offered. 

Thomas^ Leonard, (1) the father of James- (2) and Henry^ (3) did 
not emigrate to this country with his sons. He is known to us only by name. 

James^ (2) was the progenitor of the Leonards, of Taunton, Raynham, 
and Norton. He and his sons often traded with the Indians, and were on 
such terms of friendship with them, that, when the war broke out. King 
Philip gave strict orders to his men never to hurt the Leonards. Philip 
resided, in winter, at Mount Hope ; but his summer residence was at 
Raynham, about a mile from the forge. 

Thomas Leonard^, (5) son of the preceding, " was a distinguished char- 
acter." His autograph, as written in 1694, is hereto annexed. 

He came to New England ^. ^ 

with his father, " when a small ' r A'n yyi^ /O'^' x*,'»^.^v* ^ 
boy," and " afterwards worked J ^^tJ/^fLtC^ f^^^^TCO^yiO 
at the bloomery art with him ^^ 

in the forge,"t He was a physician, major, justice of the peace, town clerk 
and deacon. He was also judge of the Court of Common Pleas, 1702-13. 
An eulogy upon his character by the Rev. Samuel Danforth, of Taun- 
ton, was printed in 1713. His second son, John* (21) was the father of 
Thomas^ whose daughter, Sarah", b. 26 June, 1729, was the wife of Rev. 
Eliab Byram, of Mendham, N. J., and mother of the wife of the late Hon. 
Josiah Dean, who was owner of the old Raynham forge. GamalieP, eldest 
son of Thomas^ b. 30 Apl. 1733, d. 12 Mch. 1809 ; was father of Eliakim^ 
b. 17 July, 1773, who m. Mary Williams, and was father of Rev. George*, 
of Portland. The latter was b. at Raynham, 17 Aug. 1802, grad. B. U. 1824, 
and d. 12 Aug. 1831. He m. 1827, Abigail C. dau. of Rev. Ebenezer Nel- 
son, and was settled in 1830, over the First Baptist Church in Portland, Me. 
Tlie year after his death, in 1832, a volume of his Sermons was published 
at Portland. 

Major George Leonards (22) third son of ThomasS removed about 

* In a letter from J. E. Sprague, Esq,, of Aug. 23, 1851, he savs :— " In relation to ihe 
baron.v being offered to Daniel Leonard, all I know is from my mother Bartlett, from Mr. 
White and Mrs. Willis, late of Boston, daughter of Daniel McKinstrv, who married a daughter 
of Nathl. Leonard. After I stated it in a biographical notice it was doubted. I questioned 
Mr. White and he assured me it was so." 

t Doct. Fobes, Hist. Coll. Vol. iii. p. 171. 



8 Crenealogical Memoir of the Leonard Family. 

1690, to Norton,* then a part of Taunton, where he became the proprietor 
of very large tracts of hind; being as it were the founder of that town 
and the progenitor of the Norton taraily. Here this family, as possessors 
of great wealth and of the largest landed estate, probably, of any in New 
England, have lived for one hundred and sixty years. Rev. Wm. Tyler, 
of Northampton, who spent liis early days within a few miles of the Leon- 
ard mansion, writes thus : '' The Norton family of Leonard, whether or 
not descended from the Lennards, Lord Dacre, have come the nearest to a 
baronial spii'it and style of life of any family 1 have known in New England." 
The knowledge of the writer of this sketch, whose native spot is about the 
same distance from the Norton Leonards, is in precise accordance with that 
of Rev. Mr. Tyler. Major George* was Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas in 171G. His eldest son, George^, b. 4 March, 1 698, d. 4 Dec. 1778, 
" was a Colonel and a Judge, both of the Probate and Com. Pleas ; he lived 
to be more than eighty."! He had four children. RacheP, b. 6 July, 1727, 
ra. Rev. David Barnes, D.D., of Scituate, Mass.J Her son, David Leonard 
Barnes,'^ m. Joanna Russell, and was the father of George Leonard Barnes^, 
Esq., b. 6 Dec. 1797, who, by the death of Mrs. Bowen'', in 1850, inherits 
the original Leonard mansion, in Norton. Anna Barnes'', sister of David 
l^.\ b. 26 Sept. 1765, d. 19 July, 1794, m. Wm. Jackson, Esq., of Ply- 
mouth, and was the mother of Leavitt Taylor Jackson^, Esq., of Bruns- 
wick, Me. Hon. George Leonard®, brother of RacheP, (b. 4 July, 1729, d. 
26 July, 1819, grad. H. C. 1748,) m. Experience, dau. of Hon. Samuel 
White, of Taunton, " Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Represent- 
atives, at the time of the Stamp Act, whose circular, as Speaker, called 
together the first Congress which assembled at New York, in October, 
1765."§ Mr. Leonard '' went through the necessary legal studies, was ad- 
mitted to the bar, and commenced practice in his native town ; though, 
the ample fortune to which he was born, rendered his practice rather 
an amusement than an occupation for a livelihood. He was a man of 
strict integrity, a mild disposition, and a sociable companion."|| He was a 
representative in the first Congress of the United States under the Consti- 
tution. He was also Judge of the Court of Common Pleas. His daughter, 
Peddy", m. Hon. Jabez Bowen, Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island.^ . 
Rev. Nathaniel Leonard^, brother of Col. George^, was b. at Nor- 
ton, 9 March, 1700, grad. H. C. 1719, and d. 1761. He m. 22 Oct. 1724, 
Priscilla Rogers, of Ipswich. They had sixteen children. He was ordained 
at Plymouth, 29 July, 1724, and was the minister there for upwards of 
thirty years. " He was a gentleman more inclined to the active than the 
studious life, but should be remembered for his useful services as a minis- 
ter, and for his exemplary life and conversation."** 

* Hon. Francis Baylies has in preparation a genealogy of the Norton Leonards. 

tDoct. Fobes. 

J Rev. Samuel Deane, who was settled as colleague with Dr. Barnes, has in the His- 
tory of Scituate, given a very full account of him, from page 203 to 210. 

§ Hon. Samuel White, was a great grand-son of Thomas White^, early at Wey- 
mouth, whose son, Joseph'-, m. 19 Sept. 1660, Lydia Rogers, and was father of Sam'K 
b. 14 Feb. 1666, who m. Ann Bingley, and was father of Hon. Samuel*, who d. 20 Mar. 
1769, in his 69th year. He was father of Experience^, whom. Hon. George Leonard 
as above, and Anna**, who m. Daniel Leonard. Another dau. m. Wm. Baylies, M.D., of 
Dighton, and was mother of Hon. Francis^, and Hon. Wm. Baylies*'. Anna*, sister of 
Hon. Samuel*, was the first wife of Wm. Wilde, whose only child. Daniel Wilde^, m. 
-A<ina Sumner, and was the fother of Hon. S. S. Wilde^, who has lately, at more than 
80 years of age, resigned his seat on the bench of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts. 

II S. L. Knapp's Biographical Sketches, p. 341. 

H See obituary of Mrs. Bowen, in January No. of the Genealogical Register, p. 101. 

** Thacher's History Plymouth, p. 280. 



Genealogical Memoir of the Leonard Family. 9 

Sarali®, daughter of the preceding, b. 27 Oct. 1726, m. Dr. Joseph Le 
Baron,' and afterwards John White, Esq., of Haverhill, Mass. An onlj 
daughter, by her first husband, ui. Hon. Wm. Hazen, a native of Haver- 
hill, whose daughter Elizabeth^, m. Hon. Ward Chipman, (grad. H. C. 
1770,) late Chief Justice of the Superior Court of New Brunswick, and 
was mother of Hon. Ward Chipman'*, (grad. H. C. 1805,) who succeeded 
his father in that office. Her son, by her second husband, Hon. Leonard 
White'', of Haverhill, who grad. H. C. 1787, was classmate of Hon. John 
Quincy Adams. He was representative to Congress, 1811-1813, and 
d. 1849, aged 82.* His sister Peggy^ m. Hon. Bailey Bartlett, M. C. 
1797-1801, and was mother of Eliza^, and Sarah L.^, wives of Joseph 
E. Sprague, Esq., late Sheriff of Essex County. Rev. AbieF, D.D., son 
of Rev. NathanieP, b. 5 Nov. 1740, grad. H. C. 1759, d. 1778, was min- 
ister at Woodstock, Conn. George^ brother of Rev. AbieP, b. 28 Nov. 
1742, d. 182G, was a Loyahst, and removed with his son, George", to New 
Brunswick, in 1783, " where he was much employed in public affairs "f 

Col. Ephraim Leonard^, brother of Rev. Nath'P, was b. 16 Jan. 1705-6, 
and d. 2 May, 1786. He had three wives ; the first was Judith Perkins, the 
second, Melatiah, " had been y'' wife of Jonathan Ware, P^sq''., and of Ben- 
jamin Ware, M.D. ; " the third, Anna, "had been the wife of Mr. Elisha 
Woodworth, and also of y^ Rev*^. Mr. Timothy Ruggles."| " He was a 
Colonel, a Judge of the Court, and a man of eminent piety. He lived to 
be more than eighty."§ He was the wealthiest man in Mansfield, then a 
part of Norton, and had greater influence in public aflfairs, than any 
other individual in that town. 

Hon. Daniel Leonard'', only ch. of Col. Ephraim^, (by his first wife,) was 
born in Norton, now Mansfield, grad. H. C. 1760, and died in London, 
June, 1829, ». 89 years. His first wife was Anna White, b. 25 Feb. 
1741, d. 4 April, 1768, dau. of Hon. Samuel White. His second, was Sarah 
Hammock. He was bred to the law, and was, before the revolution, a 
member of the General Court, an able political writer, and, according to 
President Adams, supported the whig cause, with great eloquence and 
energy. He was possessed of brilliant talents, and acquired great popu- 
larity, from which Governor Hutchinson was led to " exercise his blandish- 
ments upon him, and, as he seldom failed when he applied them in all their 
force, the tempter prevailed," and Mr. Leonard became a loyalist. In 1774, 
he was an addresser of Hutchinson, and was appointed a Mandamus Coun- 
cillor the same year. 

Hon. Francis Baylies writes thus : " My father was a class-mate of 
Dardel Leonard ; they married sisters, and for many years were in habits 
of close and confidential intercourse. Both vfeve. whigs, ardent and zeal- 
ous in the same cause. But by Leonard's espousal of the British interest, 
all intercoux'se was broken off for years ; yet whatever their differences 
in opinion might have been, their personal attachment remained without 
abatement." 

The house that he occupied is now standing, near Taunton Green. 

* See obit. Hist, and Gen. Reg. Vol. IV. 102. t Sabine's Loyalists. 

|: Grave Stones. Col. Ephraim Leonard and his three wives lie buried in a grove, 
in Mansfield, a short distance from his former residence. The house is now owned and 
occupied by Calvin Thomas, Esq. 

\ Doct. Fobes' Hist. Coll. Vol. III. p. 174. 

II In a recent conversation with Hon. Samuel Crocker, at Taunton, he remarked 
that tlie tree is still standing in his garden, where Governor Hutchinson, with his 
plausibility of manner and fascinating demeanor, had a long conversation with 
Daniel Leonard, the result of which was a firm adherence, by Leonard, to the side of 
the British. 

2 



10 Genealogical Memoir of the Leonard Family. 

Soon after bis course had become known, " several mobs collected on the 
Green, uttering ferocious threats, and some were for submitting him to 
personal indignities, but as he had been much beloved by the people of 
Taunton, some of the leading whigs interfered, and persuaded the people 
to abstain from juiy acts of violence. He sought an asylum in Boston, 
then occupied by the British, believing confidently, that his lamily would 
be safe ; but, his house was assailed in the night, and in it the 
marks of bullets can still be detected. His family soon after joined him 
in Boston."* In 177G, he accompanied the British to Halifax, and after- 
wards Avent to England to reside, where he received the appointment of 
Chief Justice of Bermuda. After filling this otlice for many years, he again 
in his last days, took uj) his residence in London. 

" His children are all dead, but he left four grand-children, the children 
of his daughter Sarah, who married John Stewart, Esq., a captain in the 
British army, and afterwards Collector at the port of Bermuda. These 
grand-chiUiren are believed to be now all living. The eldest, Dun- 
can Stewart, on the death of an uncle who died childless, succeeded to 
an ancient Lairdship in Scotland. His brother, Leonard Stewart, was, 
wuthin a few years, an eminent ])li}sician in London, — somewhat conspicu- 
ous in the time of the cholera. His sister, family, married a Captain in the 
service of the East India Company. The other sister, Sarah John, 
married a Mr. Winslow, descended from the ancient governor of Ply- 
mouth, and a relative of Lord Lyndhurst, whose private Secretary he was, 
during his Chancellorship. 

" The generous temper and affable manners of Mr. Leonard, seemed to 
have fascinated those who were in his household, and most about him. A 
very worthy woman belonging to a respectable family in this town, [Taun- 
ton,] who was entrusted with the care of the infant daughter of his first 
wife, w^ould never leave him. She went with his family in all their wan- 
derings ; first to Boston, then to Halifax, then London, then Bermuda : 
she came Avith them to the United States, and went back to the West Indies, 
and then to London, and died in their service. His Deputy Sheriff, who 
had been a Captain in the Provincial service, a person of great address, 
wit and accomplishments, followed his fortunes, and was killed in the bat- 
tle of Germantown, then a Major in the British service. A young gen- 
tleman educated at Harvard College and in his office went with him to 
London, where he died."t 

The letters signed " Massachusettensis," which w^ere published in "Dra- 
per's paper," in Boston, between December 12, 1774, and April 3, \11^, 
were written by Daniel Leonard. They were answered under the signa- 
ture of Novanglus, by John Adams. Mr. Adams says, " week after 
week passed away, and these papers made a very visible impression on 
many minds ; no answer appeared, and indeed some who wei'e capable, 
were too busy, and others too timorous." Mr. Adams himself, therefore, 
immediately "began to write, and continued every week, in the Boston 
Gazette, till the 19th of April, 1775." 

In the preface to the edition of Massachusettensis and Novanglus, pub- 
lished in a volume, in 1819, Mr. Adams attributes these letters to Jonathan 
Sewall, although at the time they were written, he had supposed them 
to have been the joint production of Sewall and Leonard. This vol- 
ume, so prefaced by Mr. Adams, fixed upon the public mind, generally, 
the impression that Sewall was the author ; although in Taunton, Mr. 
Leonard's former residence, they were still considered as his produc- 
tions. Mr. Adams finally became satisfied that Leonard was the au- 

* MS. Letter of Hon. Francis Baylies. t Ibid. 



Geyiealogical Memoir of the Leonard Family. 11 

thor, and the only one. The question, witliin a few months, having 
again been brought before tlie public, a well known writer (L. ]M. Sargent, 
Esq.,) has in the Boston Transcript, under the signature of " Sigma," * 
demonstrated, beyond a doubt, that Daniel Leonard was the author of said 
letters. The principal, though by no means the only evidence, is the tes- 
timony of the Hon. Ward Chii)man, whose father had " personal knowl- 
edge " of the authorship, at the time. IMr. Chipman also stales, that Judge 
Leonard himself, in a letter written to him in answer to his inquiries on 
this point, acknowledged that he was the author. The opinion that Mr. 
Sewall was the author has been traced to no contemporary authority, but 
Mr. Adams ; and he, though he expressed himself, in 1811), in very strong 
language, had, it appears, nothing but conjecture to support his assertion. 
" The question now is of no great importance, except in a historical point 
of view. Its importance is derived from the fact of its havhig been the 
best defence of tlie measures of the King, the Ministry and the Parliament, 
which appeared on this side the water, and superior perhaps to any which 
appeared on the other side, with the exception of Doct. Johnson's ' Taxa- 
tion no Tyranny.' Yet the arguments, however plausible, subtle and 
refined, rested on a frail foundation."! Col. Ephraim Leonard, the father 
of Hon. DanieP, was a strong Whig, and opposed the course of his son. He 
lived till after the close of the Revolution, and at his death devised his 
large estate to such of his descendants as should take the oaths of natural- 
ization and allegiance. This was done by Charles Leonard", only son of Hon. 
Daniel. It was understood, however, that the father and sisters of Charles 
were to participate in the enjoyment of the property. 

Abigail Leonard^, sister of Col. Ephraim^, b. 16 Dec. 1703, d. 18 Sept. 
1789, m. Rev. Warham Williams, of W^altham, Mass., son of the " Redeem- 
ed Captive." Their son, Rev. SamueP, LL.D., b. 23 Apl. 1743, d. 2 June, 
1817 ; grad. H. C. 17G1, was the author of the History of Vermont. He was 
ordained in 1765, at Bradford, Ct. ; in 1780 was appointed Hollis Prqfessor 
of Mathematics and Natural History at Cambridge ; and afterwards preach- 
ed at Rutland and Burlington, Vermont. " During his residence at Bradford, 
Benjamin Thompson. afterAvards Count Rumford, studied philosophy, «fcc., 
under him, and was a member of his family for some tiiVie, and with whom 
he corresponded until the year 1791."+ His son. Gen. Charles Kilbourne 
Williams'', LL.D., b. 24 Jan., 1782, was formerly Chief Justice of Ver- 
mont, and is now Governor of that State. Mary^ sister of Abigail^, b. 
17 Jan. 1713-14, m. Rev. Thomas Clap, b. 1705, grad. H. C. 1725. " He 
was minister of the first church of Taunton a few years ; afterwards a 
Judge of the Court of Plymouth County, and a Colonel of the Militia."§ 

Samuel Leonard*, (23) " the fourth son of Thomas, was a man of dis- 
tinguished piety. He held the office of a deacon, a captain, and a justice 
of the peace. He had four sons and five daughters. Two of his sons were 
captains, one a justice of the peace, and all of them deacons."|| His 
eldest daughter, Bethiah^ m. David Howard, Esq., of Bridgewater, and 
was mother of Rev Simeon Howard®, S.T.D., A.A..S., who was born 10 
May, 1733, grad. H. C. 1758, and was ordained 1767, pastor of the West 
Church in Boston, as successor of Doct. Mayhew, of which church he con- 
tinued the pastor till his deatli, 13 Aug., 1804. He was succeeded by 
Rev. Charles Lowell, D.D., the present senior pastor. 

Hazadiah Leonard^, dau. of Dea. SamueP, b. about 171 2, d. " Oct. 14, N. 
S., 1752, in the 41st year of her age," m. 8 Nov. 1733, Rev. John Wales, 

* See Transcript of April 15tli and 18th, 1851. tMS. Letter, Hon. F. Baylies. 
t Williams' Family, p. 104. § Deane's Hist. Scituate, p. 236. || Doct. Fobes. 



12 Genealogical Memoir of the Leonard Family. 

first minister of Raynliam, b. 25 May, 1699, grad. H. C. 1728, d. Feb. 23, 
1765, aged 65, " in y^ 34"^ year of his ministry." — " He was blessed with 
talents, which rendered him very amiable and entertaining in social life. In 
public prayer his performances were eminent and on some occasions almost 
unequalled."* Prudence Wales®, eldest dau. of Hazadiah^, b. 12 Sept. 
1736, d. 11 Apl. 1815, in the 79th year of her age, m. Rev. Peres Fobes, 
LL.D., b. 21 Sept. 1742, d. 23 Feb. 1812, grad. H. C. 1762, ordained in 
the ministry at Raynham, Nov. 19, 1766, as the successor of his father-in- 
law. In 1786 he was elected Professor of Natural Philosophy in the Col- 
lege of Rhode Island, (now Brown University.) "■ While a universal 
scholar, he had a peculiar taste for Philosophy. He Avas the kind parent, 
able preceptor, eminent divine, animated preacher and iaithful pastor. 
His faith in tlie Gospel he preached was exhibited in the various duties of 
Temperance, Righteousness and Piety."! He published a sermon on the 
death of President Manning, 1791 ; — Election Sermon, 1795 ; — History of 
Raynham, 1794, (Mass. Hist. Coll. Ill) ; — Sermon to young men 1794 ; — 
Sermon at the Execution of John Dixson, 1784. 

Nancy Fobes''. eldest dau. of Prudence^ b. 8 Sept. 17G9, was m. Oct. 29, 
1797, to Rev. Simeon Doggett, b. 6 March, 1765, grad. 1788, at B. U. 
Avhere he was tutor from 1791 to 1796. Mr. Doggett is the only surviving 
member of his class, and the oldest graduate of Brown University now 
living, excepting Wm. Wilkinson, of the class of 1783. He was the first 
Preceptor of Bristol Academy, at Taunton, opening it by an address for 
the reception of scholars, July 16, 1796, — and remaining at the head of 
that institution seventeen years, till 1814, when he resigned it and was 
settled over the church in Mendon, Mass. In 1832, he accepted an invi- 
tation to become the pastor of the second congregational church, in Rayn- 
ham, in which place he has since resided. Many individuals of eminence 
who originated in Taunton and vicinity, were educated under his care. 
Mr. & Mrs. Doggett are both living, having been married upwards of 
half a century. He has published an address at the opening of " Bristol 
Academy," 1796; — a sermon at the ordination of his son, Rev. T. P. 
Doggett, 1833 ; — and several other discourses. 

Rev. Samuel Wales^ D.D., was son of Rev. John, of Raynham, grad. Y. 
C. 1767, and held the office of Professor of Divinity in that institution. 
His son, Hon. John AVales, was lately Senator in Congress from Delaware. 
Catherine Wales®, sister of Rev. SamueP, m. Samuel Montgomery, gi-ad. 
Y. C. 1773, a surgeon in the Revolutionary army. Their dau. Catherine'^, 
is the wife of Job Godfrey'', Esq., — himself also a descendant. 

Dea. Elijah Leonard*^, son of Dea. Samuel*, resided at Raynham, near 
the old Forge. He was the father of Rev. Elijah Leonard'', who grad. 
Y. C. 1783, m. 13 May, 1792, Polly AYales Fobes^ dau. of the Revd. Dr. 
Fobes, and was settled in the ministry at Marshfield. His son. Rev. George 
Leonard'', grad. H. C. 1823, succeeded his father, and is at this time pas- 
tor of the same church in Marshfield. Dea. Abiel Leonard^, son of Dea. 
Samuel*, settled in Mansfield. His son, Dea. Abijah®, was also of the 
same place, and his son, Dea. Simeon', is now a resident there ; he m. 
Olive Howard, dau. Elijah Howard. Esq., of Easton. Sophia'^, dau. Dea. 
Abiel^ was the mother of Leonard Everett'', Esq., of Canton, Mass. 

Elkanah Leonard* (24) brother of Major George*, was the father of 
Elkanah Leonard^ " one of the most distinguished geniuses of his name 
and day." % He practised law in Middleboro', in which place he was the 

* Doct. Fobes' Hist. Eaynham. t Monuniental Inscription, 

t Rev. Dr. Fobes, Mass. Hisit. Coll. III. 174. 



Genealogical 3femoir of the Leonard Family. 13 

first Jittorney, and the only one till about 1788.* " He possessed strong 
powers of investigation, a sound judgment, and an uncommon brilliancy of 
Avit ; and bis inventive powers were not surpassed, if equalled, by any of 
bis time." " His assistance in the defence in criminal prosecutions was 
much sougbt for, and bis abilities were never more conspicuous tban in 
tbose defences." j" He received tbe appointment of Major at an early age. 
During tbe latter part of bis life, bis mind was obscured. 

James Leonard^, (G) and bis son James*, (34) were botli Captains, and 
both lived to be more tban eighty years old. Tbe latter " had three sons 
and five daughters ; two of the sons were military officers, and all of them 
lived to near tbe age of seventy."! His oldest daughter, Lydia®, was the 
wife of Col. Thomas Cobb, and the mother of Hon. David Cobb^ who grad. 
H. C. 1766, and for many years practised as a physician at Taunton. He 
(Hon. David Cobb) was a member of the Provincial Congress, 1775, and 
for several years during the Revolutionary War, "belonged to the mihtary 
family of Gen. Washington." § After tbe close of tbe war, he " became a 
Major General of militia in tbe Old Colony, as tbe southern counties were 
called, and he was also for several years a Judge of the Court of Pleas in 
the County of Bristol." |( It was Avhile he held these two offices, during 
Shay's Rebellion, that he uttered his memorable saying, that he " would 
sit as a Judge or die as a General." He was a representative in Congress 
from 1793 to 1795 ; " a member of tbe Senate and of tbe House of Rep- 
resentatives in Massachusetts ; and some time Speaker of the latter, and 
President of the former ; and afterwards a member of the Executive Coun- 
cil, and Lieut. Governor for the year 1809. He had great knowledge of 
the world, was a very entertaining companion, and was justly esteemed an 
honorable man." ^ His son, David G. W. Cobb'', Esq., was a resident of 
Taunton. His daughter, Eunice'^, was the wife of Hon. Samuel S. Wilde, 
LL.D." ** grad. D. C. 1789, who was appointed, in 1815, a Judge of tbe 
Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts. They were the parents of 
Eunice Wilde^, who married Hon. William Emmons, of Augusta, Me., son 
of tbe late Rev. Natbanael Emmons, D.D., of Franklin, Mass. Delia Em- 
mons^ dau. of William and Eunice*, is the wife of Rev. ]\Ir. Tappan, of 
Charlestown, Mass., and her children, (the eldest being a daughter about 
ten years of age,) are tbe tenth generation in descent from Thos. Leonard^ 
(1). George Sumner Wilde^ Esq., is Clerk of the Mass. S. J. Court. 
Hannah Cobb^ sister of the Hon. David®, was the second wife of Rev. Jo- 
siah Crocker, of Taunton. Their daughter, Hannah'^, " a lady of great use- 
fulness, many virtues, and distinguished energy of cliaracter," mar. Ralph 
Hart Bowles, Esq., of Boston, an officer of tbe Revolutionary army, from 
the commencement of hostilities to the close of the war. He was at tbe 
battle of Monmouth and in other engagements. He commanded the first 
company that entered New York, after its evacuation by the British. 
Their son, Stephen J. Bowles^, Esq., mar. Elizabeth Thorndike Wallace, 
whose daughter, Elizabeth Wallace Bowles^, is the wife of J. Wingate 
Thornton, Esq., of Boston. Leonard Crocker Bowles*, Esq., of Boston, 
another son of Ralph H. Bowles, Esq., m. Catherine Gushing, dau. of 
Martin Lincoln, Esq., and grand-dau. of the late Gen. Benjamin Lincoln, 
of tbe Revolutionary army. Their dau. Mary Elizabeth^, is tbe wife of 
Wm. Crosby, of tbe firm of Crosby & Nichols, of this city. Sarah®, 

* Knapp\ Biog. Sketches, 329. t Ibid. 327-8. 

X Rev. Dr. Fobes, Mass. Hist. Coll. III. 174. § BradfonVs N. E. Biog. 108. 

II 7tic?. 108. IF 76(^.109. 

** See a biographical sketch of Judge Wilde, N. E. Hist. & Gen. Reg. I, 87. 



14 G-enealogicdl Memoir of the Leonard Family. 

another sister of Hon, David Cobb^, mar. Hon. Robert Treat Paine, 
one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. Their son, Robert 
Treat Paine'', a poet of celebrity at the beginning of this century, was the 
author of the well-known patriotic song, " Adams and Liberty." His son, 
Robert T.^, Esq., of this city, is distinguished as an astronomei'. Charles 
Paine'', Esq., another son of the signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
was the father of Charles C. Paine*, Esq., now of Boston, Avho married a 
daughter of Hon. Charles Jackson, (from 1813 to 1824, one of the Judges 
of the Mass. S. J. Cour!.) Antoinette Paine'', sister of Charles'', was the wf. 
of Dea. Samuel Greele, of Boston. Her sister, Mary'', ra. Rev. Elisha 
Clajjp, late of Boston. Eliphalet Leonard'', son of James*, was a bloomer, 
and settled in Easton. His son, Jonathan", and his son-in-law, Adam 
Kinsley, (who m his daughter) established the iron works, at Canton, 
now owned by Lyman Kinsley^, Esq., a son of Adam. Jonathan*^, died 
a few years since, at an advanced age, in New Orleans ; he had 
several sons, among them was Jonathan', who recently resided at Meri- 
den. Conn. ,t ,-» 

Stephen Leonard*, (24^) son of James^, was a justice of the peace, and a 
judge of the Court of Common Pleas."* His oldest son, Maj. Zephaniah^, 
m. 24 Apl. 1724, Hannah^, d. of John & Alice* (74) King of Raynham. He 
was a man of enterprise and energy, — possessing great native dignity of 
character, — and tilled with honor the distinguished station in society which 
he attained. In 1701 he was appointed a judge of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, which office he held till his death. He and his wife Hannah 
died the same day, 23 Apl. 17GG ; he in his 63d, she in her 62d year. They 
were the parents of fourteen children. Their oldest, Capt. Joshua®, was b. 
5 Jan. 1724-,), and d. 27 Nov. 1816, aged 91. His oldest child. Rev. 
Joshua'', grad. B. U. 1788, being a classmate of Rev. Simeon Doggett, 
of Raynham. He was b. 25 June, 1769, d. 18 Dec. 1843, je 7.'). He was 
first settled in Ellington, Ct., whence, about the year 1797 ox 8, he went to 
Cazenovia, N.Y., then in its infancy ; and on the 17th of May, 1799, form- 
ed the first Presbyterian church in that place, consisting of only nine mem- 
bers. He was the pastor of this church about 14 yrs., when on account of 
ill health he resigned his charge, — the church then numbering 127 members. 
He was the first pastor who settled west of what is now Oneida and Otsego 
counties. In a postscript to a theological work published by him a few years 
before his death, he says, — " I was the first pastor who settled in this wide 
region of country. I was a single independent Congregational minister. 
From Cazenovia to the Pacific Ocean, there was not one Congregational or 
Presbyterian pastor ; not one in this state to the north or south of me ; not 
one to the east nearer than Mr. Steele, of Paris, Oneida county." Although 
originally a Presbyterian, as he advanced in life, he altered his religious 
views, and became a Unitarian. He published an able apology for the 
change of his views and secession.! Peyton Randolph Leonard'', Esq., 
brother of Rev. .Joshua'', inherited the ancient mansion of the family. James*, 
his son, now lives in the house built by Peyton R.'', a few years before 
his death, in place of the old mansion. Olive*, dau. of the latter has been 
a contributor, in poetry and prose, to various periodicals. She m. Theodore 
Foster, of New York, since of California. Artemas Leonard'', Esq., another 
brother of Rev. Joshua'', Avas b. 25 July, 1783. He was formerly Pres't of 
the Central Bank, Hallowell, Me., in which place he now resides. His 
brother Isaac'', Esq., formerly of this city, now of Illinois, was b. 14 Aug. 

*Rev. Dr. Fobes, Mass. Hist. Coll. III. 174. 
t See Obit. Christian Register, Jan. 27, 1844. 



Genealogical ATemoir of the Leonard Family. 15 

1790, and mar. Julia, (b. 5 Nov. 1792,) dau. of Hon. Seth Washburn, of 
Raynliam. They have two sons and one daughter. Cob Zephaniah'', broth- 
er of Capt. Joshua'', grad. Y. C. 175S. He mar. Abigail Alden, a descend- 
ant of John Alden, tlie pilgi'im. She died 25 Jan. 1845, aged nearly one 
hundred and one years.* He was Sheriff of Bristol County, in which office 
he was succeeded by his son, Horatio', Esq. ; that office having been tilled 
by the two individuals for upwards of seventy years. Horatio Leonard'^, 
Esq., mar. first, 29 Sept. 1812, Fanny Washburn, and secondly Mrs. Ha- 
ven, of Portsmouth, dau. of the late Andrew Cunningham, Esq., of this city. 
By his first wife he had two children, — Gustavus®, and Maria Crocker*. 
Gustavus Leonard^, died within a few years, leaving two children. His 
widow is now the wife of Col. Almon D. Hodges, of Eoxbury. AbigaiP, 
sister of Horatio', Esq., mar. 8 Mar. 1795, David West, Esq., of the firm of 
Thomas & West, Boston. After his death she married Andrew Cunning- 
ham, Esq., and is now living in this city as his widow. By her first hus- 
band she had one daughter, Abby*, who is the wife of Andrew Cunningham, 
Esq., (a son of tlie preceding) of the firm of A. &. C. Cunningham, Boston. 
AbigaiP, sister of Capt. Joshua®, was the wife of Josiah Crocker, son of Rev. 
Josiah, of Taunton ; and was the mother of the late William Crocker', Esq., 
as before stated, and of Samuel Crocker', l^sq., now of Taunton, who mar. 
for his first wife Sally', dau. of Apollos Leonard*^, and for his second a sis- 
ter of Hon. Francis Baylies. He is the father of the wife of Samuel Bowers 
King', Esq., (also a descendant,) and of the widow of Charles Richmond, 
Esq., both of Taunton. Samuel Leonard®, Esq., the youngest child of Maj. 
Zephaniah^ was a merchant at Taunton. His son, George', mar. a dau. of 
Samuel Fales, Esq., and is now a physician in that place. Ezekiel B.', 
brother of Dr. George', mar. a dau. of the late Jonathan Ingell, Esq. Their 
dau. Harriet^, is the wife of Wm. A. Brown, Jr., Esq., of the firm of W. A. 
Brown, Jr. & Co., Boston. Another daughter, Almira J^, is the wife of J. 
S. Rounds, Esq., of Taunton. Mary', sister of Ezekiel B.', m. Thos. Bush, 
Esq., of Taunton, and was the mother of Samuel L. Bush^, Esq., of the 
firm of Beals, Bush & Co., New York ; of .James P. Bush.*, of the firm of 
Bush & Wildes, of this city ; and of Frederick T. Bush*, now U. S. Con- 
sul at Hongkong, China. John Burroughs Hopkins', and Esek Samuel 
Hopkins Leonard', half brothers of Ezekiel B', grad. B. U. 1814. The 
former is now a resident at Providence, R. I. Rev. Silas Leonard^, of 
New York, was a son of Stephen*, Esq., and a brother of Major Zeph- 
aniah Leonard^, of Raynham. 

Benjamin^ (10) bro. of Tliomas^ Esq., was the father of Joseph*, (72) 
whose son, Philip^, of Taunton, died in 1785, st. about 60. Among his 
children were George®, Esq., of Middleboro', Chloe®, and Ephraim® ; all now 
deceased. George Esq.®, lived at the Four Corners, and was the father of 
Samuel', and Nehemiah', merchants of N. Bedfoi'd, Lois', who m. Rev. 
Lewis Leonard, of Cazenovia, N. Y., and Emeline, Nvho m. Thomas Dog- 
gett, Esq., of Middleboro' ; Chloe® d. in 1843, a^ 85. Her husband was 
Elephalet Elmes, of Middleboro', a revolutionary soldier, who d. in 1830, 
83. 77. Mr. Ephraim L.® (bro. of George® & Chloe®) m. Mary Pratt, lived 
in Middleboro', and was the father of Mr. James L.', now living there, 
INIrs. Jane', wife of Mr. O. L. Perkins, of Boston, and Mrs. Sarah', wife of 
Mr. Orlando Thompson, of New Bedford, and Mrs. Betsey, wife of Mr. J. 
Drake, of Boston. Uriah Leonard^, (12) the youngest son of James^, (2) 
lived to be about eighty years old. During Philip's war, being then but 
about thirteen or fourteen years of age, as he was riding from Taunton to 

* See Obit. Christian Kegister, 25 March, 1845. 



16 Grenealogieal Memoir of the Leonard Family. 

the forge, he " Ava-' discovered and fired upon by the Indians. He instant- 
ly plucked oif his uat, swung it around, which startled his horse, and, in 
full career, he reached the forge dam, without a wound ; but several bullets 
were shot througii the hat he held in his hand, and through the neck 
of the horse near the mane, from which the blood on both sides gushed and 
i-an down on both legs." * 

In the precedin-^ notices of the Taunton Leonards only a small part of 
their descendants have been connected to the present period. Other lines, 
if traced, would probably include many persons of distinction. No connec- 
tion has been discovered between the family of Leonards early at Bridge- 
water, (sometimes spelt Leonardson) and those of Taunton, though it is 
possible that they may both have been of the same English extraction. 
Dexter M. Leonard, of Providence, R. I., formerly of North Hadley, Mass., 
is the 7th generation in descent from Solomon Leonard — tl)e early settler 
at Bridgewater. Manning Leonard, Esq., of Southbridge, Mass., is also de- 
scended from him. Tiie late Dr. Jonathan Leonard, of Sandwich, a gen- 
tleman of a most estimable character, possessing in an uncommon degi'ce 
benevolence, humanity and generosity worthy the imitation not only of 
physicians but of all others, was a descendant of the Gth generation from 
Solomon. He grad. H. C. 1780, and d. 2G Jan. 1849, at the age of 86.t 
His brothers, David and Benjamin, died the week previous ; the former aged 
84, and the latter 80. They died the same day, and were buried in one 
grave. Rev. Levi W. Leonard, (grad. H. C. 1815,) of Dublin, N. H., 
author of various school books, is also a descendant of Solomon, of the 
sixth generation. 

It is a fact worthy of notice, that, while in the original stock of Lennard, 
Lord Dacre, ihe title has fallen into a family of their descendants, bear- 
ing another name ; so a large number of the descendants of the family in 
this country, Avhich is supposed to have been an oifshoot from that stock, 
are becoming merged in other names. This fact is certainly much more 
remarkable in this family than in many others, and may be considered as 
an apology lor introducing so many of their descendants with other names, 
into this sketch. 

GENEALOGY. 

THOMAS LEONARD^, who remained in Great Britain, had sons ; — 
(2 ) I. JAMEs^ (5) was dead in 1691 ; wife Margaret, who survived him, 
was mother-ia-law to all his children. She d. abt. 1701. He was 
at Lynn, 1G51 | of Braintree, 1G52, and settled the same year, at 
Taunton, wliere he and his brother Henry ei'ected the first forge in 
Plymouth Colony. This forge probably became soon after its erec- 
tion the principal one in America. 
(3 ) II. Hexry-, (13) aged 37 in 1G55 ; wife Mary in 1G50 ; a wife living 
in lG7o. He was at Lynn 1G42 ; || of Braintree 1G52, and probably 
earher ; of Taunton 1G52, of Hammersmith (Lynn) 1G55, freeman of 
Mass. (of Lynn) 16G8, of Rowley Village 1674. He afterwards went 
to New Jersey. 
(4 ) III. Philip'I — Perhaps he was the Philip, nailer, of Marshfield, 

* Rer. Dr. Fobes, I\Inss. Hist. Coll. Ill, 171. f See Obit. " Chrn. Register," 24 Feb. 1849. 

J The following: are entries on an account book of the Iron Company at Lynn, iinrler 
date 1651 : " .Tames Leonnarde 15 days worke about finnerey Cliimneye and other worke 
in ye forae, 1 : 13 : 0. — To ditto Leonard for dressing his bellows 3 time«, 1 : 10 : 0. — To ditto 
soe much allowed him for bringing his goods from Prouideuce, 2:0: 0." 

II Lewises Lynn. 



G-enealogical diemoir of the Leonard Family/. 17 

1678, and afterwards of Duxbury, who d. 3 July 1708, and whose wf. 
Lydia d. 13 Nov. 1707.* His only dau. Phebe, mar. 6 Nov. 1694, 
Samuel Hill, of Duxbury. 
Note. — Rev. Dr. Fobes, in his account of the Leonard family, in Mass. 
Hist. Coll. vol. Ill, states that James Leonard^, above, had " three bro- 
thers" ; but, in his genealogical tree of said family, he gives but two, viz., 
Henry'^ and Philip'-^. If there was a fourth brother in this family per- 
haps he remained in Wales. If he came to N. E. he may have been 
Solomon of Duxbury, 1637, and afterwards of Bridgewater,t or JoJm of 
Springfield, 1639, J or Rice of Rehoboth, 1644.§ We know of no others 
of a proper age. 

JAMES^(2) had issue;— 
(5 ) I. T^OMAS^ (19) b. abt. 1641, having d. 24 Nov. 1713, £e. 72; mar. 

21 Aug. 1662, Mary Watson, who d. 1 Dec. 1723, k. 81. 
(6 ) II. JAMES^ (30) b. abt. 1643, having d. 1 Nov. 1726, in 84th yr.; wife 
Hannah, d. 25 Feb. 1674 ; mar. 29 Oct. 1675, for 2d w. Lydia Gul- 
liver, dau. of Anthony G. of Milton ; she d. 24 July, 1705, in 47th 

yr. ; he mar. 3d., Rebecca , who d. 3 Apl. 1738, in 76th yr. 

(7 ) in. AB1GAIL^ (44) mar. John Kingsley of Mikon. Hed. abt. 1698. 
(8 ) IV. Rebecca^ (51) mar. 2 Sept. 1678, Isaac Chapman, of Barnstable. 
(9 ) V. JosEPH^ (60) b. abt. 1655, having d. 17-18 Oct. 1692, in 38th yr. ; 
mar. 15 Dec. 1679, Mary Black, of Milton. 

(10) VL BENJAMIN^ (67) mar. 15 Jan. 1678-9, Sarah Thresher. 

(11) VIL HANNAH^ (74) mar. 24 Jan. 1677-8, Isaac Deane. 

(12) VIII. URIA^^ (81) b. 10 July, 1662; mar. 1 June, 1685, Elizabeth 
Caswell, b. 10 Jan. 1664-5, dau. of Thomas C. of Taunton. 

HENRY^ (3) had issue ;— 

(13) I. Samuel^ He and his brothers, Nathaniel^ and Thomas^, on the 
" 6th of Aprill 1674" contracted with "y^ owners of y'^Iron works at 
Rowley Village" to carry on said works. 

(14) 11. Nathaniel^ 

(15) IIL Thomas^ 

(16) IV. Henry^, b. at Lynn, 14 June, 1656, d. Sept. 1657. 

(17) V. SARAH^ b, at L. 26 June, 1663. 

(18) VL MARY^ b. 13 Jan. 1666, d. Aug. 1667. 
THOMAS^ (5) had issue ;— 

(19) L MARY^ b. 2 Aug. 1663. 

(20) IL THOMAS^ b. 22 Jan. 1665-6 ; wife Joanna. 

(21) IIL John'', b. 18 May, 1668, mar. Mary, dau. of Philip King. 

(22) IV. GEORGE^ b. 18 Apl. 1671, d. 5 Sept. 1716 ; mar. 4 July, 1695, 
Anna Tisdale, b. 27 Jan. 1672-3, dau. of John and Hannah (Rogers) 
Tisdale, of Taunton. 

(23) V. Samuel*, b. 1 Feb. 1673-4, d. 13 Apl. 1745, aj. 71 ; mar. 17 Aph 
1701, Katharine, dau. of Thomas Deane, of Taunton. 

(24) VI. Elkanah*, b. 15 May, 1677, d. 29 Dec. 1714 ; resided at Mid- 
dleboro'. 

(25) VIL James*, b. 17 Dec. 1679, d. 8 May, 1682. 

(26) VIIL A daughter stillborn, 10 Apl. 1681. 

(27) IX. Seth*, b. 28 Aph 1682, d. 2 Nov. 1682. 

(28) X. Phebe*, b. 3 Mch. 1684, d. 15 July, 1685. 

* Winsor's Dux. 275. 

t Winsor's Dux. and 3IitchelVs Br. In the ktter work is a very ful] genealogy of this 
family. 

I Farmer's Reg- § Bliss's Rtliob. 

3 



18 Crenealogical Memoir of the Leonard Family. 

(29) XI. ELIZABETH^ b. 15 July, 168G; mar. Jonathan Williams,* b. 
1G83, d. 7 Apl. 1761. 

JAMES^ (G) had issue ;— 

(30) I. Eunice*, b. at Braintree, 25 Nov. 1668; mar. 18 Feb. 1695-6, 
Richard Burt, b. 21 June, 1G63, son of Richard B. of Taunton. 

(31) II. Pkudenoe*, b. 24 Jan. 16G9-70; mar. 10 Dec. 1G90, Samuel 
Lewis, of Barnstable. 

(32) III. Hannah*, b. at B. 2 Oct. 1G71, mar. 13 Dec. 1G86, John Crane. 

(33) IV. James*, b. 1 Feb. 1672-3, d. 30 Dec. 1G74. 

(34) V. James*, b. 11 May, 1677, d. 16 Jan. 1764, in 87lh yr. ; wife Han- 
nah, d. 2 Aug. 1725 ; mar. 2d Lydia Gulliver, wid. of John and dau. 
of Jonathan Gulliver, of Milton ; mar. 3d Mercy . 

(35) VI. Lydia*, b. 10 Mch. 1679, mar. Britton. 

(36) VIL Stephen*, b. 14 Dec. 1G80. 

(37) VIIL Abigail*, b. 30 Jan. 1G82-3, d. before 4 Mch. 1725-G ; mar. 
Dr. Ezra Deane, of T. 

(38) IX. Nathaniel*, b. 18 Mch. 1685, d. 11 June, 1685. 

(39) X. SETii*,b. 3 Aph 1686. 

(40) XL Sarah*, b. 6 Sept. 1688, mar. Henry Hodges, Wi^^^lyr^^ST; 

(41) XIL Mehitabel*, b. 24 Oct. 1691, d. 10 June, 1695. 

(42) XIIL Elizabeth*, b. 19 Apl. 1694, d. 9 Oct. 1750; mar. Capt. 
Joseph Hall, who d. 9 Nov. 1773, in 80th yr. 

(43) XIV. Ebenezer*, b. 28 Aug. 1708, d. a young man umnd. 
ABIGAIL^ (7) who m. JOHN KINGSLEY, had issue ;— 

(44) I. Susannah*, mar. William Hack. 

(45) 11. Abigail*, prob. mar. Thomas Snell, of Bridgewater, b. 1671, son 
of Thos. S. 

(46) in. Mary*, b. abt. 1676, having d. 1 Feb. 1^49-50 in 74th yr.; mar. 
Thomas Deane, of Raynham. 

(47) IV. John*. 

(48) V. Stephen*, mar. Lydia Gulliver. 

(49) VL Samuel*. 

(50) VII. Elizabeth*, perhaps mar. Thomas Spurr, of Stoughton. 

* Richard Williams^, one of the early proprietors of Taunton, was from Glamor- 
ganshire, Wales. His wife, Frances Dighton, was from Somersetshire, Eng. and was 
sister to Katharine Dighton, who m. 1 Samuel Hagborne, 2 Gov. Thomas Dudley, 3 
Kev. John Allin. Richard Williams^, had ch : — I. John^; — II. SamueP, mar. Jane 
Gilbert, ch. — 1. Mary^, mar. Henry Andrews, of T. ; 2. Sarah^, mar. Benjamin Deane,. 
of T. ; 3. Hannah^, b. abt 1670, having d. 28 June, 1708, 83.38, mar. Samuel Bunn, of 
T. ; 4. Seth^ b. aht. 1676, mar. Mary Deane, and died 13 May, 1761, in 86th year; 

5. SamueP, b. abt 1680, having d. 17 Apl. 1765, in 86th yr., m. Abigail , who d. 

23 Feb. 1779, in 94th vr.; 6. DanieP, b. abt 1682, having d. 7 Sept. 1735, in 54th yr., m. 
INIercy Deane :— III. Josepfi-, d. 17 Aug. 1692, w. Elizabeth, ch — 1. Elizabeth^, b. 30 July, 
1669, drowned 13 Oct. 1688 ; 2. Richard^, b. 26 Nov. 1671, d. 13 July, 1688 ; 3.MehitabeF, 
b. 7 June, 1676, m. Increase Robinson, of T. ; 4. Joseph^, b. 13 Feb. 1678; 5. Benjamin^, 
1). 15 Oct. 1681. d. 10 Jan. 1757,83. 75, mar. Elizabeth Deane; 6. Ebenezer^ b. 21 Apl. 
1685; 7. Phebc'^ b. 25 Sept. 1687, mar. Christopher Richmond, of Middleboro' : 8. 
Richard-^b. 26 Mch. 1689:— IV. NathanieP, mar. 17 Nov. 1668, Elizabeth Rogers, of 
Duxbury, and had ch.— 1. John^, b. 27 Aug. 1675; 2. NathanieP, b. 9 Apl. 1679; 3. 
Elizabeth^ b. 18 Apl. 1686, mar. John Macombcr, of T.; — V. Thomas-, wife Mary, ch. 
1. MaryS, b. 1680, mar. Ebenezer Robinson, of Raynham: 2. Jonathan^ 1). 1683, d. 7 
Apl. 1761, in 78th yr , mar. Elizabeth Leonard; 3. Sarah'^, b. 1685, mar. James Hall, of 
R.; 4. Macy3, b. 1687; 5. Hannah'^, b. 1689, mar. Joseph Sncll. of Bridgewater; 6. 
Bethiah^ b.' 1692, mar. Maj. Joseph Hodges, of Norton ; 7. Mehitabel-^ b. 1695, mar. 
Rev. Benjamin AVebh, of Eastham ; 8. Damaris^ b. 1698, mar. 1724, Daniel Howard, 
of Bridgewater: — VI. Benjatnin'^, mar. 18 Mch. 1689-90, Hebeckah Macy, and had ch. 
1. Rebeckah^, b. 27 Nov. 1690, mar. 1 Samuel Pitts, 2 James Williams, both of T. ; 2. 
Josiah^ b. 7 Nov. 1692, mar. Martha Howard; 3. Benjamin-', b. 31 Julv, 1695; 4. 
JohnS, b. 27 Mel;. 1699 ; VII. Elizalctlr, b. abt. 1647, d."l724, ffi. 77, mar. John Bird, 
of Dorchester, ^( 1641, d. 1732; — VIII. Hannali^, mar. John Parmenter, of Boston. 



Genealogical Memoir of the Leonard Family. 19 

REBECCA^ (8) who mar. ISAAC CHAPMAN, had issue ;— 

(51) I. Lydia*, b. 15 Dec. 1679. 

(52) II. John*, b. 12 May, 1G81. 

(53) III. Hannah*, b. 26 Dec. 1682, d. 6 July, 1689. 

(54) IV. James*, b. 5 Aug. 1685. 

(55) V. Abigail*, b. 11 July, 1687. 
{50,) VI. Hannah*, b. 10 Apl. 1690. 

(57) VII. Isaac*, b. 29 Dec. 1692. 

(58) VIII. Ralph*, b. 19 Jan. 1695. 

(59) IX. Rebecca*, b. 10 June, 1697. 
JOSEPH-^ (9) had issue ;— 

(60) I. Mary*, b. 2 Oct. 1680, d. 3 June, 1688. 

(61) II. Experience*, b. 18 Mh. 1681-2 ;m. Saml Hodges, b. 20 My, 1678. 

(62) III. Joseph*, b. 28 Jan. 1683-4, d. 6 Apl. 1705, sb. 21, unmd. 

(63) IV. Mehitabel*, b. 22 Aug. 1685. 

(64) V. Edward*, b. 2 Nov. 1688. 

(65) VI. William*, b. 26 Mch. 1690. 

(66) VII. Silence*. 
BENJAMIN^ (10) had issue ;— 

(67) I. Sarah*, b. 21 May, 1680; mar. Eddy. 

(68) II. Benjamin* b. 25 Jan. 1682. 

(69) III. HanxNah*, b. 8 Nov. 1685, d. early. 

(70) IV. Jerusha*, b. 25 June, 1689. 

(71) V. Hannah*, b. 8 Dec. 1691. 

(72) VI. Joseph*, b. 22 Jan. 1692-3. 

(73) VII. Henry*, b. 8 Nov. 1695. 

HANNAH^, (11) who mar. ISAAC DEANE, had issue;— 

(74) I. Alice*, b. 20 Nov. 1678, d. 22 May, 1746; m. 1 Feb. 1699-1700, 
John King, son of Philip & Judith (Whitman) King. Pie d. 5 Oct. 
1741, at Raynham. 

(75) II. Abigail*, b. 16 Nov. 1680 ; mar. Torry. 

(76) III. Hannah*, b. 24 Apl. 1683 ; mar. Nathaniel Hodges,* of Norton, 
b. 2 April, 1675. 

(77) IV. Nathaniel*, b. 25 Aph 1685. 

(78) V. Abiah*. 

(79) VI. Jonathan*, b. abt. 1695, having d. 10 Sept. 1750, aj. 55 ; m. 
Abigail Burt, who survived him. 

(80) VII. Deborah*, perhaps the Deborah Dean who mar. 25 Nov. 1736, 
Joseph Allen, of Barrington. 

URIAHS (12) had issue :— 

(81) I. Uriah*, b. 10 ApL 1686. 

(82) II. William*. 

(83) III. James*. 

(84) IV. Seth*. 

(85) V. Jonathan*. 

(86) VI. Margaret*. 

* William HodgesI was of Taunton 1643. He mar. Mary, dau. of Henry An 
drews, of T. and d. before 14 Feb. 16,53-4. His cli. were : — I. John^, b. before 13 Mch 
16.51-2, mar. 15 May, 1672, Elizabeth Macy, and had eh.— 1. John^, b. 5 Apl. 1673 
set. at Norton ; 2. Nathaniel^, b. 2 Apl. 1675, mar. Hannah Deane and set. at Norton 
3. SamueF, b. 20 May, 1678, mar. Experience Leonard ; 4. William^, b. 6 June, 1682 
5. George^, h. 27 Nov. 1685 ; 6. Ebeuezer^ b. 13 Mch. 1687 ; 7. Nathan^, b. 23 Oct 
1690;— 11. //em-.)/2,b. 1652, d. 30 Sept. 1717, aj. 65, mar. 17 Dec. 1674, Esther Gallop, b 
21 July, 1653, dau. of John Gallop, and had ch. — 1. Mary^, b. 3 Feb. 1675-6 ; 2. Es 
ther^, b. 17 Feb. 1677-8; 3. William^ b. 18 Mch. 1679-80, set. at Taunton; 4. Chari 
ty3, b. 5 Apl. 1682; 5. HenryS, mar. Sarah Leonard; 6. Benjamin^, of Norton; 7. Jo 
seph^, of Norton, mar. Bethiah Williams ; 8. John*^, mar. Hannah Morton. 



20 



Genealogical Memoir of the Leonard Family. 






< 

M 

o 

< 



C i=! 








- 


--Mary, 


(19) 


— ' oi 




—Thomas, 


(20) 


M ^ 




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(21) 


'S .1=1 




-George, 


(22) 




—Samuel, 


(23) 


'S'3 


m. ..-,,. . „ /c\ 


— Elkanah, 


(24) 


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J. tiv/iujia, \U j 


—James,* 


(25) 


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—daughter,* 


(26) 


s 






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(27) 






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— Phebe, 


(28) 




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(29) 


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03 C3 






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(30) 


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(31) 


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—Hannah, 

—James,* 


(32) 


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JAMES, \ii) 


(33) 


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(34) . 


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—Lydia, 


(35) 






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(37) 








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(38) 


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(39) 


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(40) 


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(41) 


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(42) 








— Ebenezek,* 


(43) 


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26 






— Susanna, 


(44) 


f^ 3 






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(45) 








— Abigail, (7) Mary, 


(46) 


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(47) 


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(48) 


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(49) 
(50) 




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(51) 


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(52) 


?3 O 






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— James, 


(53) 
(54) 


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— Abigail, 


(55) 








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— Hannah, 


(56) 


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(57) 


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(58) 


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(60) 


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(62) 
(63) 
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(65). 










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(66) 


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,— Sarah, 


(67) 










— Benjamin, 


(68) 


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— Benjamin, (10) — 


'—Hannah,* 
] — Jerusha, 


(69) 
(70) 


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(71) 


2 "o O 










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(72) 












' — Henry, 


(73) 


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(74) 
(75) 


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(76) 


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— Nathaniel, 


(77) 






(Deane.) 


— Abiah, 


(78) 


i) 13 +J 








—Jonathan, 


(79) 


2 1^ C3 

Sag 

C3 dJ 1? 








— Deborah, 


(80) 


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(81) ■ 


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f82) r3 


; at 
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are 






—Samuel, (13) 
—Nathaniel, (14) 


—Seth, 

— Jonathan, 


(8S) S^- 
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—William, 


(8&) ^ . 


•r S ,2 
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(86) ' 




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m 



APPENDIX. 



[From the N. Eng. Hist, and Genealogical Reg., Jan., 1853.] 

NOTICE OF MAJOR ZEPHANIAH LEONARD. 

He was the son of Stephen L.(36), and resided at Raynham. He was 
b. 18 March, 1704, and was m. by Rev. Samuel Danforth, of Taunton, 24 
April, 1724, to Hannah King, b. 28 Feb. 1705, dau. of John and Alice 
(Deane) King. They d. the same day — 23 April, 1776 — he in his 63*^ 
she in her 62'' year, and were buried in the same grave. The inscription 
on their monument now standing at Taunton is printed in Barber's Histor- 
ical Collections of Mass. p. 145. A very interesting notice of their 
deaths was published in a Boston paper of that time.* An account of 
him will he found in the article on the Leonard Family, Reg. V. 414. 
The writer of that article has, since its publication, been furnished, 
through the courtesy of John B. H. Leonard, Esq. of Providence, R. L 
and Samuel Leonard, Esq. of Philadelphia, Pa. with a copy of the fol- 
lowing paper containing information which Zephaniah Leonard, when a 
young man, obtained from Hannah (Leonard) Deane, (11 of Genealogical 
Memoir above referred to) the sister of his grandfather, in relation to the 
ancestry of the Leonard Family. It would have saved the modern gen- 
ealogist much time, and afforded him, and those interested in the result 
of his investigations, great satisfaction, had more of the great-grand- 
children of our emigrant ancestors questioned their aged relatives on the 
subject of their ancestry, and left on record the result of their investi- 
gations. 

" February 2, 1732-3, Hannah Deane sister to Capt. James Leonard, 
late of Taunton deceased, gave to the subscriber the following account of 
her relations &c — 

1''. Namely her Great Grandfather's name was Henry Leonard 
2*. Her own Grandfather's name was Thomas Leonard 

3'*. Her Father's name was James Leonard 

Her Grandmother's name was White 

Her Mother's name was Martin 

Her Father's brother's names were the eldest, 1 Henry Leonard 

2 William Leonard 

3 John Leonard 
4'*' Philip Leonard 
5 Thomas Leonard 

Thfe sisters were Margery 

Joan 
& Sarah 

* MS. Letter of J. B. H. Leonard, Esq. 



22 Genealogical Memoir of the Leonard Family. 

James, her Father lived and died at Taunton New England, 
Thomas was drowned at Piscataway, 
Henry went to New Jersey. 
Philip lived at Marshfield and died at Taunton. 
William &. John never came out of England. 

Margery married Henry Samson of Ireland Lent [obscure — perhaps 
Lieut. Governor] of the City of Gallaway — [Gulway .?] 
Sarah died at New Salem. 
Joan never came out of England. 

Said Hannah said her eldest Brother was Thomas Leonard, next was 
James, Joseph, Benjamin, John, Uriah. 
The Sisters were Abigail and Rebecca. 

They all had children save John who died at about twenty years old. 
Henry who removed to New Jersey, lived and married his wife at 
Lynn in New England, from thence he removed to Toppsfield, thence 
removed by way of Taunton to the JcVseys. When he was in Taunton 
he had seven likely children, namely, 

The eldest Samuel married Sarah Brooks 
Nathaniel 

Thomas married his wife in Virginia 
Henry 

John married A. Almy (originally) 
The daughters, the eldest married Throgsmorton ; next Mary. 
So far Hannah Deane, originally Hannah Leonard gave me an account. 

this Pr. Zephaniah Leonard. 

Copied from Original Manuscript, 

Taunton, March 12, 1806, by Mary B. Leonard, daughter of Samuel 
Leonard of the sixth generation of the above mentioned family." 

The above paper, though it furnishes additional particulars, controverts 
no statement of fact in the Genealogical Memoir of the Leonard family 
heretofore published by the writer of this. It renders it more improbable 
that the Taunton Leonards were from the Dacre family, yet does not 
make it less probable that they are from an earlier offshoot of the same 
original Lennard stock. Margaret Finnes, the wife of Sampson Lennard 
by whom the Dacre title was brought into the Lennard family, had, ac- 
cording to the Peerages 8 Ch. Henry, Gregory, Thomas, Anne, Mary, 
Margaret, Elizabeth and Frances. Her son Henry, (12th Lord Dacre) 
was of a proper age to have been the Henry Leonard, great grandfather 
of Mrs. Hannah Deane ; but it does not appear that the first mentioned 
Henry had a son Thomas, his children having been Richard, (13th Lord 
Dacre) Edward, Fynes, Margaret Penelope, Philadelphia and Barbara. 

George Leonard, Esq. of St, John, N. B., son of Rev. Nathaniel L. of 
Plymouth, Mass. who visited England in the latter part of the last cen- 
tury, and while there made investigations upon this subject, appears how- 
ever to have felt quite sure that his family was descended from the 
Dacres. In a letter to his cousin Hon. George Leonard of Norton, dated 
St. John, Oct. 4, 1798, he writes — " From every thing I can collect — from 
old records in England, at the Herald's Office, and among the late Lord 
Dacre's papers, who was very attentive to me, and where I found free 
access to his Lordship's library and other parts of his houses in town and 
country, where his papers were deposited, for information ; and who was 
very anxious that some of our family inherited some of the vacant titles. 



Genealogical Me7noir of the Leonard Family. 23 

From which I find that one of our ancestors, Henry Leonard, came to 
America about the time that the Earl of Warwick obtained a large grant 
of land near Boston, which was in 1626 ; from about which time to the 
year 1638, a great number of respectable people came over from England 
to avoid the dissentions there. Amongst those was Lord Leith [Leigh] 
who afterwards returned, and two daughters of the Earl of Lincoln, Lady 
Susan and Lady Arabella, with their husbands, who continued in the 
country ; together with many others that were of good families and for- 
tunes. The spirit of emigration and religious enthusiasm so greatly pre- 
vailed in that day that a very considerable number of young gentlemen 
and ladies of the first connections in England left, or rather absconded 
from their parents. Among these we have reason to think was Henry 
Leonard, one of our grandfathers, who left England about that time, as a 
copy of a letter was found directed to him from his friend (a young gen- 
tleman) Sir Brian Jansen, whom he left in England, and who was sup- 
posed to be acquainted with his going out, who congratulates him upon 
getting away before the order of the King in Council was issued, in Feb- 
ruary 21, 1633, to prevent any further emigration to America. It's prob- 
able that, on his arrival, he concealed his name some time from the 
knowledge of his friends in England. Thus far I have traced our grand- 
father's grandfather, and must leave you to continue the chace in the 
regular line to the present day." 

Zephaulah Leonard, whom it is the purpose of this paper to notice, had 
fourteen children by his wife Hannah, viz. L Joshua, b. 5 Jan. 1724-5, 
d. 27 Nov. 1816, a. 91 ; m. Hannah Jacobs, who d. 21 Jan. 1833, a. 86. 
II. Mary, b. 22 Sept. 1726, d. in Boston 19 Sept. 1748, unm. III. Pru- 
dence, b. 23 March 1729, d. 1 Jan. 1730-1. IV. Silence, b. 27 Apl. 
1731, d, 15 Oct. 1799, m. Rev. Elijah Lothrop of Hebron, Conn., who 
d. 3 Aug. 1797. V. A7ina, b. 1 March 1732-3, d. at Dighton 21 Apl. 
1796, m. 24 Feb. 1763 by Rev. John Wales, to Ebenezer Stetson of 
Dighton. VI. Abigail, b. 31 Jan. 1734-5, d. 8 Nov. 1739. VII. Zeph- 
aniah b. 18 Jan. 1736-7; mar. 30 Oct. 1765 Abigail Alden of Middle- 
boro' ; she d. 25 Jan. 1845, aged nearly 101 years. VIII. Phebe, b. 10 
Nov. 1738, d. 9 Nov. 1739. IX. Prudence, b. 4. Aug. 1740, d. 12 June 
1752. X. Abigail, b. 19 May, 1742, d. 23 Oct. 1800, mar. Josiah 
Crocker. XI. ^Apollos, b. 3 Aug. 1744, d. 1 1 Nov. 1799, m. Prudence 
White. XII. Phebe, h. 16 July 1746, d. 17 June 1752. XIII. Silas, b. 
8 April 1748, d. 15 May 1752. XIV. Sa7nuel, b. 6 Dec. 1750, d. 1807, 
m. 1st to Mary Burroughs who d. 27 Dec. 1789, in her 34th year ; mar. 
2d, 21 July 1791, by the Rev. James Manning, President R. I. College, 
to Desire, the fourth dau. of Com. Esek Hopkins of North Providence, 
R. I. She was b. 17 May 1764, and d. May, 1843. W. R. D. 



ERRATA. 

Page 5, twelfth line, read, At this very time, while some, &c. 
" 6, seventh line, for Wm. Crocker, read Wm. Augustus Crocker. 
" 12, twenty-fifth line, for 1814, read 1813. 
" 13, tliirty-first and thirty-third lines, for William Emmons, read Williams 

Emmons. 
" 14, fourteenth line, for (24), read (36). 
" 15, eleventh line, for two children, read one chUd. 
'" " nineteenth line, for Wm. Crocker, read Wra. Augustus C. 
" " twenty-ninth line, for AlmJra J., read Almira B. 
« 18, nineteenth line, (iO), dele b. 13 July, 1687. 
" " last line in note, for 6, 164:1, read b. 1641. 
" 20, at bottom of page — children of Uriah, (12) — 
for (82), rtad (83). 

" (83), - (84). 

" (84), " (85). 

" (85), " (82). •