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Copyright 1910 


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This name in America is 
COLT-COl'LT not a common one, and 

outside of Connecticut 
and New Jersey has not received thorough and 
painstaking research to ascertain the relation 
existing between the different local families. 
Only two of the name appear in the excellent 
dictionary of living Americans, "Who's Who 
in America": Le Baron Bradford Colt, United 
States circuit judge of Rhode Island, and Sam- 
uel Pomeroy Colt, a brother of the judge and 
a lawyer of Paterson, New Jersey. In the 
Biographical Dictionary of the distinguished 
dead we find record only of James Denison 
Colt (1819-1881), justice of the Massachusetts 
supreme court, and Samuel Colt (1814-1862), 
the inventor of Colt's revolver, which made 
the name as familiar as Smith, Brown or 
Jones in the vocabulary of Americans. The 
rarity in number of the family is discovered 
only in the course of genealogical research. 
John Coult, who came to America with the 
Rev. Thomas Hooker, in 1636, and settled in 
Hartford, Connecticut Colony, is the pro- 
genitor of all of the name above mentioned, 
whether spelled Colt, Coalt or Coult, as his 
name appears on Colonial records spelled the 
three ways. 

(I) John Colt, immigrant, was born in Col- 
chester, Essex, England, in 1625, and came to 
Dorchester, Massachusetts Bay Colony, when 
eleven years of age. He was probably a ward 
of the Hooker company and went to Hartford 
with them about 1638. There is much con- 
fusion in regard to the individuality of John 
Coult, the progenitor, as three generations 
bore the name, and the second and third Johns 
are rarely distinguished by "Captain John" 
and "John Jr." They appear indiscriminately 
as John Colt or John Coult, which spelling of 
the name appears in the Colonial records, John 
"Coult" having September i, 1675, been shot 
at by the Indians. Styles "History of Ancient 
Windsor'' fi.xes the date of this occurrence as 
August 31,01675, and names the person John 
Colt, of Windsor, mentioning him again as 
one appointed in 1672 to work on the high- 
ways. The same authority records the sale 
in 1679 of a house by Joseph Fitch to John 


Colt, and names John Coult as, October 11, 
1669, a freeman of Windsor, Connecticut. He 
married (first) Mary Fitch; (.second) Ann, 
born in Hartford in 1639, baptized February 
7. 1646, daughter of John and Mary (Loomis) 
Skinner. His children were born in Hart- 
fonl as follows: i. Sarah, baptized February 
7, 1646-47, in the church at Hartford. 2. 
John, born 1658, see forward. 3. Abraham, 
married Hannah Loomis, July i, 1690; re- 
moved to Glastonbury in 1691, where he died 
in 1730. 4. Joseph, married Ruth Loomis, 
October 29, 1691 ; lived in Windsor, Connecti- 
cut, where he died January 11, 1719. 5. 
Jonathan, who died in 171 1. 6. Jabez. 7. 
Esther, who married Stephen Loomis, January 
I. 1690-91 : she died November 6, 1714. The 
English family of Coult, from which John 
Coult, the immigrant ancestor, came, lived- in 
Colchester, England. The coat-of-arms of the 
Coults originated here and is tliree horses 
heads and a broken spear. The name has 
been traced from Sir John Coult through six 
generations to the American immigrant of the 
same name as follows: (i) Sir John Coult, 
born about 1440. (II) Peter. (HI) John. 
(I\') John (2). (V) John (3). (VI) John 
(4). (VII) John (s), whose son (VIII) 
John (6), was one of the founders of New 
London county, Connecticut Colony, and was 
probably one of the officials who named one 
of its early inland towns Colchester, after his 
father's birthplace. 

(II) Captain John (2), eldest son of John ( i ), 
immigrant, and Mary (Fitch) Colt, was born 
in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1658. After his 
marriage he removed to Lyme, at the mouth 
of the Connecticut river, where he was a 
farmer and leading citizen of the town. He 
was in 1709 established and confirmed by the 
general assembly to be ensign of the company 
of train band of the town of Lyme, under the 
command of Captain William Eely. His 
name is here "John Coult of Lyme." ' In the 
general assembly of Connecticut Colony. Alay 
8-23, 1712, he was present as a deputy from 
Lyme, and his name is then printed "Ensign 
John Colt." On October 10, 1717, he was 
commissioned lieutenant by the general assem- 



bly, and on ( )ctol)er lo, 1723, lie was com- 
missioneil captain of the north company of 
Lyme. He was deputy to the general assem- 
bly for seven sessions of that body, 1718-24. 
He married Mary Lord, and their children 
were as follows: i. A daughter who married 
a Mr. Sterling, of Xiantia. 2. A daughter 
who married Thomas Ayers, of Saybrook. 3. 
Benjamin, born 1698, see forward. 4. A 
daughter who married a Mr. Comstock, of 
Hadlyme. 5. Samuel, born 1705, died 1743; 
married, Xovember 7, 1734, Abigail Mervin. 

(HI) Benjamin, eldest son of Captain 
John (2) and Mary (Lord) Colt, was born 
in Lyme, Connecticut, in 1698, died in 1754. 
He resided in Lyme, where he was a deacon 
of the church and lieutenant-colonel in the 
militia. He married. May 26, 1724, Miriam 
Harris, and their children, born in Old Lyme, 
Xew London county. Connecticut, were as 
follows: I. John, born 1725, died 1784: mar- 
ried (first) Mary Lord; (second) Mary Gard- 
ner; (third) Abigail Masten. 2. Joseph. 3. 
Mary. 4. Sarah. 5. Temperance. 6. Harris. 
7. Polly. 8. Benjamin, born 1740. 9. Peter. 
10. Isaac, see forward. It is known that Isaac 
Coult.of Sussex County, New Jersey, came from 
Connecticut. He is probably the tenth child 
of Benjamin Coult and born at Lyme in 1743. 
The birth of one of the children of Colonel 
Benjamin Colt or Coult, as both he and his 
father and grandfather frequently had their 
names written, was in 1725 and another in 
1740, and the natal year of none of the others 
is given. Or Isaac Coult, of Sussex, may 
have been the son of Samuel, as above stated, 
born in 1705, who married Abigail Mervin. 
This it is safe to say that Isaac was a grandson 
of Captain John and great-grandson of John 
Coult, the immigrant. Further research in 
family records may make the parentage of 
Isaac Coult clear, but the weight of available 
evidence is in favor of the line as here laid 
down, and we venture to give it as presumably 
correct. The Coults in Connecticut were 
farmers, and naturally they took up the same 
vocation in New Jersey among the rich high- 
lands of Sussex county. The name Joseph 
Coult appears in each generation, both in Con- 
necticut and Xcw Jersey, with this difference, 
that in Connecticut ]3ortions of the family 
wrote the name after the first two generations 
Colt, while Isaac preserved the original spell- 
ing Coult, as did the family of that name in 
New London county, Connecticut. 

(IV) Isaac Coult, probably son of Colonel 
Benjatuin and Miriam (Harris) Colt, was 

born in Lyme, Connecticut, in 1743, died in 
Sussex county, Xew Jersey, in 1837. He 
came from Connecticut to New Jersey when a 
young man. He married, July 13, 1766, Sarah 
Holbart, born in 1747, died in New Jersey in 
1833. Their children, born presumably in 
Papakating, Sussex county, New Jersey, were 
as follows: i. Abigail, born 1770, married 

Hetzel. 2. Isaac, 1772, married 

Xancy Aiorris. 3. Anna, 1774, married 
Xorris. 4. .\shel, 1776, died 1804, un- 
married. 5. Sarah, 1778, died 1779. 6. John, 

1781, married English. 7. Elizabeth, 

1783, niarried Bryant. 8. Joseph, 

1788. see forward. 9. Lucy. 1789, married 

(\') Joseph, fourth son of Isaac and Sarah 
(Holbart) Coult, was born in Papakating, 
Sussex county, New Jersey, 1788. He mar- 
ried (first) in 1809, Jerusha Price, and their 
children bom in Papakating, New Jersey, were 
as follows: i. Robert, 1810, died unmarried in 
1838. 2. Sarah, 1812. 3. Elizabeth, 1814, 
married Charles Roe. 4. Abigail, 1815, mar- 
ried John Couse. 5. Lucy, 1817, married 
Charles Roe. 6. John, 1819, married Cather- 
ine Titman. 7. Henrietta, 1 82 1. 8. Isaac, 
1823, married Jane Ketchum. Mr. Coult mar- 
ried (second) 1825, Hannah Coursen. who 
bore him two children. 9. Jerusha, 1826. 10. 
Joseph, see forward. 

(\T) Joseph (2), second child of Joseph 
(i) and Hannah (Coursen) Coult, was born 
in Papakating, Sussex county, New Jersey, 
May 25, 1834. He was educated in the 
Rankin School at Deckertown, studied law 
under Thomas N. McCarter, and later in the 
Law .School at New .Albany, New York, grad- 
uating with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. 
He was admitted to the bar in the state of 
New York and began the practice of law in 
Xew York City. Shortly afterward, how- 
ever, he returned to his native state and was 
admitted as an attorney-at-law there in Feb- 
ruary, 1861. He became a law partner with 
Thomas /Vnderson in Newton, conducting a 
general law practice, the partnership continu- 
ing for several years and being attended with 
signal success. He was made a full attorney 
and counsellor-at-law under the laws of New 
Jersey in 1864, and in 1871 entered into part- 
nership with Louis Van I'lascoi^. In 1873 
he withdrew from the firm and removed to 
Xewark, New Jersey, becoming junior part- 
ner in the firm of Leonard & Coult. In 1893, 
when Chancellor Theodore Runyon withdrew 
from the practice of law in order to accept the 



position of United States minister to Ger- 
many, as successor to William Walter Phelps, 
under appointment of President Cleveland, the 
firm of Leonard & Coult succeeded to his ex- 
tensive law practice and they made a specialty 
of municipal law. Mr. Coult was counsel for 
the city of Newark for twelve years and prose- 
cutor of pleas for one year. He is a Repub- 
lican in politics, taking an active interest in 
all matters pertaining to the welfare of his 
party, and on numerous occasions he has 
served as delegate to conventions of various 
kinds, having the honor of having assisted in 
the nomination of no less than three of the 
men who have stood at the head of the nation. 
He was a delegate to the Baltimore convention 
that nominated Lincoln for a second term, 
the convention at Philadelphia which nomin- 
ated Grant, and the Cincinnati convention 
which nominated Hayes. His club affiliations 
included membership in the Union Club, the 
North End Club and the New York Republi- 
can Club. Mr. Coult married, at Branchville, 
New Jersey, May 25, 1859, Frances A., daugh- 
ter of Joseph A. and Margaret Osborne. 
Their family consists of three daughters and 
one son: Margaret, Eliza, Lillian, married 
Frank W. Kinsey, and Joseph, who married 
Edna Pierson Wheeler and has two children, 
Edna Clare and Joseph. 

The Mercers are of Scotch 
MERCER origin, and for centuries before 

the coming of persons of their 
blood to this country the name was a distin- 
guished one both in church and state, but par- 
ticularly in the kirk, where we find them among 
the foremost in a land and time noted for their 
eminent divines and reformers. The great- 
grandfather of the founder of the Mercer 
family in New Jersey was John Mercer, who 
was the minister of the kirk in Kinnellan, Aber- 
deensliire, from 1650 to 1676, in which latter 
year he resigned his incumbency, probably on 
account of feebleness or age, as his death 
occurred about a year later. This worthy 
divine married Lilian Row, a great-grand- 
daughter of the reformer, John Row, and from 
their union sprang three children, one of whom 
was Thomas Mercer, baptized January 20, 
1658. and mentioned in the poll lists of 1696. 
This Thomas married (first) Anna Raite, and 
(second) a woman whose last name is un- 
known but who was christened Isabel. Seven 
children were the result of one or both of these 
marriages, but the records at present available 
are insufficient to enable us to determine which 

wife was the mother of any one or more of 
them. One of these children was baptized 
William on the 25th of March, 1696, and he 
is an important personage, not only on his 
own account, but also because he was the 
father of two great families of his name in 
this country, both of them worthily held in 
high honor by New Jersey, although only one 
has made this colony and state its home. Will- 
iam Mercer followed in the footsteps of his 
grandfather, the Rev. John, and being edu- 
cated for the ministry, made a name for him- 
self and won a prominent position in the estab- 
lished kirk of Scotland, from 1720 to 1748 
being in charge of the manse at Pittsligo, .Aber- 
deenshire. He married Anne, daughter of Sir 
Robert Munro, of Foulis, who was killed in 
1746, while commanding the British troops at 
Falkirk. By this marriage the Rev. William 
Mercer had three children, one a daughter 
named Eleanor or Helen ; another Hugh, who 
emigrated to America in 1747, settling first in 
Pennsylvania and later in Virginia, and won 
for himself undying glory and national grati- 
tude, first as captain of militia in Braddock's 
unfortunate expedition, and afterwards as 
brigadier-general of the continental army in 
the campaign culminating in the battles of 
Trenton and Princeton where he met his doom ; 
and lastly \\'illiam, the founder of the Mercer 
family of New Jersey. 

(I) William Mercer, the colonist, above 
mentioned as the son of the Rev. William 
fiercer, of Pittsligo, was born about 1715, in 
.A.ldie, Scotland, shortly after his father's ordin- 
ation to the ministry, and died in New Bruns- 
wick, New Jersey. March 10, 1770, in the fifty- 
sixth year of his age. From all accounts W'\\\- 
iani Mercer, the colonist, was a man of retiring 
and quiet disposition, inclining more to the 
study and the workshop rather than to the field 
and forum of public life. He was a scholarly 
gentleman and physician, whose mills were 
an easily recognized and- well known landmark 
not only throughout New Jersey but in New- 
York as well. From May, 1747', about six or 
seven years after his emigration to this coun- 
try, until February, 1768, about two years 
before his death, the Nczu York Gazette and 
ll'rckly Post Boy and the Mm.' York Gazette 
and JVcekly Mercury contain many adver- 
tisements of lands for sale and houses to sell 
or rent which were either owned by Dr. Mercer 
himself or which though owned by others, 
were to be recognized by their proximity or 
relation to "Dr. Mercer's Mills." which were 
situated in the "blue hill country of Somerset 



CDunty, on the road thruugh Johnstone's Gap 
to the \'alley between the first and second 
mountains." Dr. Mercer's own home was in 
New LirunswMck, where he held the title to 
considerable properties, one of them being "a 
house and large garden situated upon the bank 
of the river," the house having "three good 
fine rooms upon the first floor, and four rooms 
on the second, with a good kitchen, cellar, 
pantr)', &c., below," antl the outbuildings con- 
sisted of "a large barn with very convenient 
stabling in it. and other outhouses, also two 
large convenient storehouses adjoining." This 
pr()])erty Dr. Mercer had bought from William 
Donaldson, who had afterward rented it from 
him for a number of years, and then having 
(letcrmincd to go back to England, had given 
up his lease, whereupon Dr. Mercer advertised 
it as for rent in the Xew York papers. From 
another advertisement in the Ncic York Gazette 
and Weekly Mereitry of January 15, 1776, 
about six years after Dr. Mercer's death, we 
learned that he was one of the old Jersey 
slave owners, as on that date Colonel John 
Reifl advertises forty shillings reward for a 
runaway negro man, named Sam, who had 
formerly belonged to and lived in the family 
of Dr. Mercer. Dr. Mercer's will is recorded 
in Fiber K, page 208, of the East Jersey wills, 
and is on file in the vaults of the office of the 
secretary of state in Trenton, New Jersey. By 
his wife, Lucy (Tyson) Mercer, Dr. William 
Mercer had nine children: William, John, 
Isaac, (iabriel, I'eter, Martha, .\chibald, 
Helen and Robert. Two of these sons went 
to West Indies, one of them, William, settling 
about five years after his father's death in 
P.ermuda, and the other in Rarbadoes. Another 
of his sons settled in New Orleans, and two 
more of his sons died leaving no record be- 
hind them. Of Martha, the oldest of his daugh- 
ters, nothing is known. Melen, his other daugh- 
ter, married Samuel Highway, who settled in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and after her husband's 
death, somewhat later than 1814, returned to 
New Jersey and made her home with her niece, 
Mrs. Theodore Frelinghuysen, at Newark, 
New Jersey, where she died in November, 
1822. Robert, the youngest son of Dr. William 
Mercer, the colonist, settled in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, having married Eleanor Titten- 
nary, December 2. 1783. who bore him four 
children : Eleanor Tittennary Mercer, who be- 
came the wife of Samuel Moss and the mother 
of five children : Joseph, Lucy, Thomas Freling- 
huysen, Charlotte Frelinghuysen and Maria 
Moss: Letitia Mercer, who died ynung; Rob- 

ert Mercer, who followed his uncle to New 
Orleans ; and Mary Strycker Mercer, who mar- 
ried and left one child, Isaac Sydney Jones. 

(II) Archibald, sixth son of Dr. William 
Mercer, of New Brunswick, was born in 1747, 
either shortly before or just after the father 
came to this country. He died in Newark, 
New Jersey, May 4, 1814, after a long and 
useful life, the early part of which was spent 
in New Brunswick and New York, the man- 
hood and middle age in Millstone, Somerset 
county. New Jersey, and the declining years 
in Newark where he took his place as a prom- 
inent citizen of the growing town and the close 
and valued friend of such men as General John 
.\. Gumming, James Kearney, Elias E. Boudi- 
nnt, William Halsey, John and Stephen Van 
Gourtlandt, Jesse Gilbert, Ashbel Upson. David 
Lyman, .-\braham Wooley. Archi]jpus Priest 
and William Hillhouse. The early years of 
.\rchibald Mercer's life were spent in his 
father's home in New Brunswick, and here, 
under the scholarly doctor's tuition, he re- 
ceived his early education. When he was be- 
tween fifteen and twenty years of age, young 
.Archibald went to New York where he re- 
mained until after the birth of his first child, 
but whether he went there to enroll himself 
among the students of King's College, now 
Columbia University, or whether he went to 
the city in order to start himself in a business 
career is uncertain. That he was there during 
this time, however, we learn from the fact that 
his eldest child was born in New York, and 
that during the period above mentioned there 
occurs in the advertisement already mentioned 
which his father inserted in the newspapers 
the phrase "For further particulars enquire of 
Doctor Mercer at Xew lirunswick, or Archi- 
bald Mercer at Walter and Samuel Franklin's 
store in New ^'ork." The times in which 
.\rchibald Mercer's youth, and early manhood 
were passed were indeed stirring ones and 
just what part he took in them we have never 
been able to ascertain. The only military 
record left by the New Jersey Mercer is that 
(jf Ca])tain John, who at the beginning of the 
war was an ensign in Captain Howell's com- 
jjany, first battalion of the first establishment 
of the Jersey line, who on November 14, 1775, 
became first lieutenant of the same company. 
On November 29, 1776, Lieutenant John Mer- 
cer was transferred to Captain A [orris's com- 
]jany, first battalion of the second establish- 
ment oi the Jersey line, and on February 13, 
1777, was promoted cai)tain of the same com- 
pany. He was taken prisoner of war and ex- 



changed on November 6, 1780. and he was 
finally retired September 26, 1780. Unless this 
Captain John Alercer was Archibald Mercer's 
elder brother, of whom no other record now 
remains, it is probable that he was either not 
at all or at most only distantly related to the 
family we are now considering. However 
this may be, of one thing we can be reasonably 
sure, Archibald Mercer's position in later life, 
the fact that in 1794 he was judge of the court 
of ciimnmn pleas for Somerset county, the 
fact that the men whose names we have already 
mentioned were his bosom friends and con- 
sidered that they were honored by being reck- 
oned such, all goes to show that he must have 
played his part well and done his duty man- 
fully, whatever it was, in those times that 
"tried men's souls." Mr. Mercer's children 
with the exception of the first born were all 
of them born in Millstone, New Jersey, so that 
between the years 1776 and 1794 that was 
])robab!y his home. At some time between 
then and the beginning of the new century he 
removed to Newark, New Jersey, for in 1806 
we find that he was chairman of the committee 
that made tlie contract for the construction of 
the Newark turnpike, his fellow committeemen 
being John N. Gumming, Jesse Gilbert, Ashbel 
Upson, David Lyman, Abraham Wooley, 
Archippus Priest and \Villiam Hillhouse. Un 
March 10, 181 1, he and George Scriba, Esijuire, 
were sponsors in Trinity Church for Joseph 
Augustus, son of the Rev. Joseph Wheeler, 
the second rector of the parish. On September 
29, 1812, about six weeks after his second 
marriage, Mr. Mercer wrote his will, which 
is recorded in the Essex Wills, book A., page 
500, and is preserved in the vaults at Trenton. 
In this, after the customary instructions, com- 
mitting his soul to God and his body to the 
earth "to be buried at the discretion of his 
executors," he divides his property, after cer- 
tain legacies have been deducted, equally among 
his five surviving children. To several of his 
grandchildren he leaves legacies varying in 
amount ; to the rector, wardens and vestrymen 
of Trinity Church he bequeathes all the 
accounts he has against the church, and re- 
serves his pew for the use of the members of 
his family and expresses the "hope that they 
will at least sometimes go there ;" to his sister, 
Helen Highway, and to his "unfortunate 
brother, Robert," he leaves .$10,000.00 each : 
he a])])oints as his executors his four children, 
Peter, Archibald, Gertrude and Charlotte : his 
two sons-in-law. Dr. James Lee and Theodore 
Frelinghuysen, and his friend, James R. Smith, 

of New York: he concludes by saying that he 
desires "to be buried alongside of my deceased 
son. William, and that the remains of my dear 
wife be removed and laid in the same pit with 
me. And now farewell my beloved children, 
the best legacy I can leave you is to conjure 
you to live so as to merit the favour of your 
God." This will is witnessed by John N. Gum- 
ming, James Kearney and Elias E. Boudinot, 
and was proved June 18, 1814. The inventory 
of his estate made June i, 1814, by General 
John N. Gumming and William Halsey, 
amounted to $120,609.88. 

The first wife of the Hon. Archibald Mercer 
and the mother of all of his children was Mary 
( Schenck ) Mercer, of Somerset county, New 
Jersey, whom he married July 23, 1770. She 
"died in Newark, January i. 1808, aged sixty 
years, after bearing him nine children, seven 
of whom survived her. Their names and birth- 
days are as follows: Maria, August 19, 1771 ; 
Peter Schenck, June 14, 1776; Louisa, August 
5, 1778: Gertrude, October 25, 1781 : Char- 
lotte, February 5, 1784: William, March 2, 
1786; Eliza, June 14, 1787; Archibald, Decem- 
ber I, 1788; John\ May 9, 1790. Two of these 
children died in infancy, Eliza, March 9, 1793; 
and John, July I, 1794. Two more of them 
niarried and died before their father, Louisa, 
who married John Frelinghuysen, son of the 
Hon. Frederick Frelinghuysen, who is con- 
si^'ered elsewhere, and William, who will be 
referred to later. Maria Mercer, the eldest 
child, married Dr. Peter T. Stryker, and died 
childless. July 8, 1841. Peter Schenck Mercer, 
the eldest son, died April i, 1833, in New 
London, Connecticut, after being twice mar- 
ried : by his first wife he had four children, 
Mary Schenck, Archibald, John Frelinghuysen, 
and Frederick : but all that remains of record 
of them or their mother is a gravestone in the 
"Red brick grave yard" on the road leading 
from Millstone to Somerville, inscribed "Mar- 
garet Mercer. 1814, aged thirty-one years, wife 
of Peter Mercer and their infant children." 
Rv his second wife, Rebecca Starr, he had four 
more children, Peter, who died young ; Abigail, 
who married Captain John French ; Margaret, 
who married a Winthrop : and Elizabeth, whose 
husband was Frederick Bidwell. Gertrude 
Mercer, the fourth ctiild and third daughter, 
died January 26, 1830. having married. July 
22. 1808. Dr. James Lee, of New London, to 
whom she bore at least one daughter, who was 
afterwards Mrs. Robert A. McCurdy and the 
mother of Richard A. McCurdy, of Morris- 
town. Charlotte Mercer, the next child to 



Gertrude, married Theodore, another son of 
the Hon. Frederick FrcHnghuysen, and will be 
referred to under that family. Archibald Mer- 
cer, junior, the next to the youngest child, died 
in New London, Connecticut, October 3, 1850. 
He was twice married ; the first time to Abigail 
Starr, March 11, 1812, who bore him two chil- 
dren. Charlotte I-Velinghuysen, afterwards 
Mrs. James Morgan, and Sarah Isham, after- 
wards the wife of George S. Hazard. By his 
second marriage, June 18, 1817, to Harriet 
Wheat, who died I'"cbruary 20. 1854. he had 
eight more children : Louisa Frehnghuysen 
and Helen Highway, who died in infancy; 
Harriet, John Dislnjn and Abigail Starr, who 
died unmarried: William, who married Ellen 
C. Allen ; Gertrude Lee, who became Mrs. 
Adam F. Prentice ; and Maria Stryker, after- 
wards the wife of Samuel FL Grosvenor, whose 
only son is the Rev. William Mercer Gros- 
venor, D. D., the present rector of the Prot- 
estant Episco])al Church of the Incarnation, 
Xew York City. A little over four years after 
his wife's death, Archibald Mercer, senior, 
married (second) July 5, 1812, Catharina 
Sophia Cuyler, widow of John Van Cortlandt, 
who survived him about nine years, dying 
March 25, 1823. Of this marriage there was 
no issue. By her first husband. Airs. Mercer 
had one son, James Van Cortlandt, whom to- 
gether with her mother, Martha Cuyler, she 
mentions in her will, written August 3, 1821, 
and proven August 9, 1823, her estate, left 
wholly to these two, amounting to ,$6,737,961. 
(HI) William (2). sixth child and second 
son of the Hon. Archibald Mercer, Esquire, of 
Somerset county and Newark, was born in 
Millstone. New Jersey, March 2, 1786, died in 
Newark less than three years after his mar- 
riage, and within eighteen days of his twenty- 
sixth birthday. From several of the ex- 
pressions in his father's will it would ajjpear 
as though he were to some extent the favorite 
son, but whether this was due to the ])romise 
of a brilliant career, or to innate and acquired 
characteristics that en<k'ared him to those with 
whom he came in contact, or to a delicate con- 
dition of health that rendered necessary an 
extra amount of care and devotion on his 
father's part, there is now no means of deter- 
mining. William Mercer died intestate, but 
from his father's will we learn that .\rchibald 
Mercer kcjn a careful account of all the money 
he had given to his children at any time, and 
the reasons therefore. On the date of his son, 
William's death he closed these accounts and 
his will mentions the totals with the ledger 

jjage devoted to each child, and notes that in 
the case of "Lucy" (i. e. Louisa) and William, 
both deceased "these two accounts are not to 
be made account of e.xcept as so much towards 
the legacies of their children." In the case 
of the other children the amounts given to 
them were to be charged against their respec- 
tive shares of his estate as were also any addi- 
tional sums advanced to them since that date. 
The totals vary all the way from Charlotte's 
.$737.00 to Peter's $5,768: and William's $2,- 
600.00 is fourth in the whole list, but in the 
amounts loaned to his sons it is only exceeded 
by Peter's amount. Only the ledger, if it is 
still in existence and can be found, will tell us 
with certainty the purpose for which these 
loans were made: but judging from the fact 
that four out of his nine children died before 
reaching the prime of life, from the sad his- 
tory of Peter's first marriage and the early 
deaths of his wife and children, together with 
the fact that the greatest amounts were loaned 
to Peter. Louisa, (iertrude and William, the 
first of his four grown up children to die, and 
also remembering that the most of William's 
married life was spent at a health resort, there 
is a possibility that the expenses of sickness 
rather than the opportunities of business and 
fortune were to a greater or less degree the 
controlling factors. William Mercer married, 
November 11, i8og, Eliza Vardell, daughter 
of Thomas \'ardell, of New York City, and 
shortly after his marriage went to Bermuda to 
visit his uncle. William Mercer, where their 
first child was born. died, and was buried 
in the family vault. He and his bride remained 
at Bermuda until a little while before his death, 
when they returned to his father's home in 
Newark. Here William's only son was born, 
just twenty-three days after his father's de- 
cease, in the old house of his grandfather on 
llroad street upon the present site of the Con- 
tinental Hotel. Children: Margaret Willett, 
Ixirn .May 3, 1810, died March 10, 181 1 ; Will- 
iam Theodore, who will now be considered. 

(IN) William Theodore, only son of Will- 
iam (2) Mercer, was born March 7. 1812. died 
in Newark, June 28, 1886. His mother sur- 
vived her husband only a few years, and left 
her child an orphan of about four or five years 
nld. William Theodore was then adopted by 
lii> A\nit Charlotte, the wife of the Hon. Theo- 
dore Frehnghuysen, and in their house in 
Newark he passed his early years and later 
on in life made his home. His preparatory 
education was gained in the old Newark Acad- 
emy, which had been established by an asso- 



elation in 1792, and which for many years was 
regarded as one of the largest and most promi- 
nent academic institutions of the country. Dur- 
ing the time young Mercer spent there as an 
undergraduate it was enjoying the zenith of its 
reputation. In 1827. when he was about fif- 
teen years old, William Theodore Mercer 
entered the sophomore class at Williams Col- 
lege, W'illiamstown. Massachusetts, and grad- 
uated there three years later, in 1830. He then 
went to New London, Connecticut. W'here his 
uncles, Peter Schenck Mercer and Archibald 
Mercer, and his aunt, Gertrude Lee, who died 
the year of his graduation, had made their 
homes, and there began the study of medicine 
in the office of his uncle, .Archibald Mercer. 
He remained here, however, only for a short 
while, and then returning to his Aunt Char- 
lotte's home in Newark, he finished his pre- 
paratory medical studies under the tuition of 
Dr. Lyndon A. Smith, of that city. In 1834 
William Theodore fiercer graduated from the 
Jefferson Medical College, of Philadelphia, and 
settling himself in practice in his home town 
he almost immediately met with great success 
and built up an enormous practice, which, 
however, soon underniined his health, as it 
demanded from him far greater physical labors 
than his inherited delicacy of constitution could 
bear. Consequently after about ten years of 
strenuous and vigorous work. Dr. Mercer re- 
tired from active practice, and devoted himself 
to the study of materia medica and therapeu- 
tics, in connection with which he established in 
Newark, about 1845, ^ drug business that he 
managed successfully for over forty years, 
until the day of his death. A short while after 
he had received his degree of yi. D. and estab- 
lished himself in the practice of his profession. 
Dr. Mercer became a member of the Essex 
County Medical Society, in the proceedings 
and work of which he took a ver\' great inter- 
est and a most active part, being a number of 
different times sent by the association as its 
delegate to the State Medical Society, and for 
nineteen years, from 1839 to 1858, was the 
association secretary. During the whole of 
his long life. Dr. Mercer was considered to 
lank at the head of his profession, and he was 
held in greatest esteem by his contemporaries 
not only for his intimate and thorough techni- 
cal and professional knowledge of medicine, 
but also for his manly and great personal and 
social qualities and attainments. Dr. William 
Theodore Mercer married. July 7, 1835, Ger- 
trude Ann, daughter of Frederick Frelinghuy- 
sen and his wife. Jane, the eldest daughter of 

Peter Dumont, of Somerville. Mrs. Mercer 
was the niece-in-law of the aunts of Dr. Mer- 
cer, Louisa and Charlotte, and was therefore 
a connection, not a cousin, of her husband. 
From this marriage there were seven children, 
all of whom reached maturity, although only 
four of them had issue. The three unmarried 
children and one of the others are dead, the 
remaining children are still living. These chil- 
dren were: i. Charlotte Frelinghuysen Mer- 
cer, bom August 25, 1836; died unmarried, 
March 4. 1895. 2. Gertrude Eliza Mercer, 
born July 30, 1838; died May 11. 1899; mar- 
ried, April 23, 1866, William Whitehead, and 
had one child, Gertrude Mercer Whitehead, 
who died in infancy, a few months after her 
father. 3. Frederick Frelinghuysen Mercer, 
referred to later. 4. Theodore Frelinghuysen 
Mercer, referred to later. 5. William Mercer, 
born December 21. 1845 : died unmarried, Sep- 
tember 9. 1884. 6. Archibald Mercer, referred 
to later. 7. Dumont Frelinghuysen Mercer, born 
Januar\- 2^. 1850 : died single. January 19. 1882. 
( \' ) Frederick Frelinghuysen, oldest son 
and third child of William Theodore fiercer, 
was born in Newark, New Jersey, November 
7. 1840. and is now living with his family at 
^^ Washington street, in the house and city of 
his birth. For his early education he was sent 
to a private school in Newark, where he was 
prepared for college and from which, in 1857, 
he entered the fresliman class of Rutgers Col- 
lege, New Brunswick, New Jersey, where he 
received his A. B. degree in 1861 and later on 
his A. M. Turning his attention to the law, 
Mr. Mercer read and studied for three years 
with the Hon. Frederick Theodore Freling- 
huysen. his uncle, and at that time attorney- 
general for New Jersey. Three years later, 
in 1864, he was admitted to the bar and began 
the life of a general practitioner, and in this 
he was engaged for several years when he gave 
it up in order to enter other fields of work. 
Since 1885 he has been connected with the 
Equitable Life Insurance Company, of New 
York. In politics Mr. Mercer is a Republican, 
but has never held nor desired office. He has 
had no military experience, but he is a member 
of the Sons of the Revolution. He is also a 
member of the Zeta Psi college fraternity, but 
beyond this has formed no club affiliations. He 
is a member of Trinity Protestant Episcopal 
Church. On April 14, 1868, Frederick Freling- 
huysen Mercer was married in Staten Island, 
New York, to Kate, born February 29, 1844, 
daughter of William Henry Anable, of New 
York, and his wife, Mary Barnard (Steele) 


Anable. She bore him five children, all of whom 
are still liviiijj and three of vvh(jm are married : 
I. Frederick \\'iniam, born June 9, i869;super- 
intendant of the loan department of the Mutual 
Life Insurance Company, of Xew York; mar- 
ried, April 28, 1S97, Mabel Russell, who has 
borne him two children, Russell Barnard and 
Gertrude. 2. Alice Louise, born December 15, 
1871 : become the wife of Easton ^L Davitt. of 
216 Belleville avenue, Newark; she had one 
child, Mercer, who died in infancy. 3. Dumont 
Frelingluiysen, born May 31, 1874; educated 
in the imblic and high schools, and is now with 
the Mutual Life Insurance Company, of New 
^'ork. 4. Jnhn Eccleston. born November 19, 
1876; was a member of the Seventy-first New 
^'ork Regiment during the Spanish \var. 5. 
Gertrude, born March 7. 1881 ; married Cap- 
tain Frank Wheaton Rowell, and has two chil- 
dren : ( iertrude and Katharine ; one, \\'hcaton, 
died in infancy. 

I \' ) Theodore l""relinghuysen. fnurth child 
and second son of William Theodore Mercer, 
was born in Newark, New Jersey, October 18, 
1842, and is now living at 662 High street, in 
that city. For his early education he attended 
a private school and then entered the Newark 
Academy, on leaving which he went into the 
drug business with his father and continued 
with him for fifteen years when he withdrew 
in order to accept a position as clerk in the 
money order department of the Newark post 
office. 1 lere he remained for twelve years 
longer, and then took up a position with the 
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad 
Comjjany, which he retained for fifteen years 
longer, and finally resignetl in 1903 in order 
to undertake the work in the mathematical de- 
])artmcnt of the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance 
Company, whei-c he now is. Mr. Mercer is a 
Republican and a communicant of Trinity 
Protestant E])iscopal Church, Newark. On 
January 24, 1870, Theodore FTelinghuysen 
Mercer married, in Trinity Church, Newark, 
Josephine, daughter of Elias N. Miller and his 
wife, Susan ^faria (Coats) Miller, who has 
borne him one daughter, Maria Coats Mercer, 
born November 4, 1878. and now the wife of 
George I'ache Emory, M. D., son of Thomas 
Emory, of Confederate Navy, and Percy ( Mc- 
Carthy) Emory, of Syracuse, New York, and 
grandson of Brigadier-General William Hems- 
ley Emory. L'nited States Army, and Matilda 
Wilkins (liache) Emory, the sixth child of 
Richard Bache, the younger, of Philadeliihia. 
They have one child, Thomas Mercer Emory, 
born .March 6, 1908. 

( \' ) Archibald Mercer. M. D., fourth son 
and sixth child of Dr. William Theodore Mer- 
cer, of Newark, was born December 23. 1847, 
and is now living at 31 Washington street, 
Newark. New Jersey. Following in his father's 
footsteps, he obtained his preparatory educa- 
tion at the Newark Academy, and in 1864 
matriculated at Rutgers College, New Bruns- 
wick, New Jersey, where he graduated in 1868. 
He then began the study of medicine, taking 
the course at the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, in New York, and receiving his de- 
gree from that institution in 1871 ; since wdiich 
time he has been a practitioner in Newark. 
On leaving the medical school in 1871, Dr. 
Mercer was appointed physician in charge of 
S. I'arnabas Hospital, in New'ark, wdiich posi- 
tion he held for about nine years, until 1880, 
and then he finally decided to make surgery 
his sjiecialty. A year later, in 1881, he became 
\isiling surgeon of the Newark City Hospital, 
.•md four years later, in 1885, was appointed to 
the same position in S. Eiarnabas' Hospital. 
These ]3ositions, in spite of the great demands 
upon his time and energies made by his outside 
professional and other duties, he still continues 
to hold. In 1873 Dr. Mercer received the 
appointment of United States examining sur- 
geon for pensions, and in 188 1 that of police 
surgeon for the city of Newark, but the press- 
ure of other work upon him became so great 
that in 1883 he resigned both of them. In 

1891 lie accepted the office of surgeon to the 
Xew Jersey Home for Disabled Soldiers, but 
was obliged by the exacting nature of his other 
duties and responsibilities to resign it in 1897, 
just as in 1894 he was compelled to decline 
the honor of his election as surgeon of the 
Essex troop. Outside of his practice. Dr. 
Mercer's professional interests and activities 
have been many and varied. Since 1878 he 
has been a member of the Essex County Medi- 
cal Societv. of which his father was for so 
long a time an active member and efficient 
secretary, for twenty-six consecutive years was 
elected secretary, thus making a total of nearly 
half a century that he and his father held this 
position. In 1905 he was chosen the vice- 
president of this society and during the year 
1906 he was the association's president. Since 

1892 he has also been treasurer of the Medical 
.Society of New Jersey. In 1894 he was presi- 
dent of the Medical and .Surgical Society of 
Xewark. In 1889 he became secretary of the 
Society for the Relief of the Widows and 
Orphans of the Medical Men of Xew Jersey, 
of which association he was in 1899 chosen 



vice-president. In addition to these duties. 
Dr. Mercer has also for a time been the medi- 
cal examiner for many insurance companies, 
and in 1904 was appointed one of the medical 
directors of the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance 
Company. Beyond the bounds of his pro- 
fession. Dr. Piercer's interest and activities 
are in the main patriotic and educational in 
their broadest sense ; although the calls which 
have been made by different members of his 
own family upon the highly valued and widely 
recognized business c|ualifications and execu- 
tive abilities have been by no means inconsider- 
able. On July 14, 1886, he was appointed the 
chief executor of his father's estate, and a few 
months later, on October 30. in the same year, 
was called upon to act in the same capacity on 
the property of his mother, and nine years 
later, on March 15, 1895, he performed the 
same office for his unmarried sister Charlotte, 
and again in 1899 for his sister Gertrude, 
widow of William Whitehead. Dr. Alercer 
has for years been a member of the Essex 
Club ; he is a communicant of Trinity Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church, in the early days and 
welfare of which his great-grandfather took 
such an active interest and part, and in con- 
nection with his brother now owns two pews 
in Trinity Church, which were deeded, Decem- 
ber 16, 1822, by the rector, wardens and vestry 
of the church to the children of his great-great- 
grandfather, the two pews being originally one 
square pew which was owned by him. He is 
also one of the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion, and a life member of the New Jersey 
Historical Society. In 1903 he was appointed 
for four years one of the trustees of the Free 
Public Library, of Newark, and in 1907 he 
accepted his reappointment for five years to 
the same office. In 1908 he was elected a 
member of the Cathedral Chapter by the con- 
vention of the Episcopal Church, diocese of 
Newark. In 1909 he was influential in starting 
the Newark Art Museum Association and was 
elected one of the charter members of the 
board of trustees and also chairman of its 
executive committee. On November 21. 1888, 
Dr. .Archibald Mercer married Katrina, daugh- 
ter of .Alexander Campbell, of Newark, by his 
wife, Emma (Field) Campbell: they have no 

The name of Howe is not only 
HOWE scattered through the registers and 

records of all parts of England, 
but the bearers of the name have written it in 
their blood and graven it deeply with their 

swords, high up on their country's roll of 
honor. The Howe banner is in the cha])el of 
Henry \TI., and in the struggle between h^rance 
and England in the New World, Howes fought 
and fell, notably at Ticonderoga and on the 
Nova Scotia frontier. Among the more fam- 
ous members of the family may be named Rev. 
John Howe, chaplain to Oliver Cromwell, 
whose noble features are preserved in old en- 
gravings ; and Lord Charles Howe, created 
baronet by James I., November 18, 1606, and 
made Earl of Lancaster by Charles I., June 8, 
1643. It is with the latter that John Howe, of 
Sudbury, founder of the present family, is re- 
[lorted to be connected. 

( I ) John How was born in lingland, in 
1602, and came to New England with his wife 
Mary, between 1630 and 1640. He settled in 
Watertown, but in 1639 removed to Sudbury, 
where he was made freeman the following 
year, in 1642 was chosen selectman, and in 
1655 was appointed by the pastor and select- 
men "to see to the restraining of youth on the 
Lord's Day." He was the first white man to 
settle in RIarlborough. Massachusetts, about 
1657. where he built his cabin, a little east of 
the "Indian planting field," and where his de- 
scendants lived for many generations. In 1661 
he opened the first public house in Marl- 
borough, and about nine years later petitioned 
for a renewal of his license. He was highly 
respected for his justice and impartiality by 
his fellow townsmen as well as by the Indians, 
and was frequently made arbiter of their 
disputes. According to one annalist he died 
in 1680, aged seventy-eight, but another gives 
the date as 1687. His will, proved in 1689, 
mentions wife, Mary; sons, Samuel, Isaac, 
Jonah, Thomas and Eleazer ; daughters, Sarah 
Ward and Mary Weatherby ; and grandson, 
John How, Jr., son of John, deceased. His 
property was inventoried at £500. Samuel, 
his eldest son, married Hepzibah Death, in 
1700; he was opener and proprietor of the 
Howe tavern at Sudbury, immortalized by 
Longfellow in his "Tales of a Wayside Inn." 
.Samuel's descendants kept and owned it until 
it was sold, about twenty-five years ago. 

(II) Thomas, son of John How, was born 
in Sudbury, June 12. 1656, and died at Marl- 
borough, February 16, 1733. He was one of 
the most prominent citizens of the town, at 
various times filled some of the principal offices, 
and seems to have always had the welfare of 
his fellows at heart. Nor were his eff'orts con- 
fined to his home and town. He was represent- 
ative in the general court, and one of His 



Majesty's, justices of the peace. He was a 
well trained and efficient soldier, proving his 
worth in the severe action at Lancaster, and in 
the early wars against the Indians. For many 
years he serv'ed in the colonial militia, and a 
special legacy to him in his father's will is 
"the horse he troops on." He retired with the 
rank of colonel. He was keeping a public 
house at Marlborough in 1661, but whether he 
was carrying on the business established by 
his father, or was founding a new venture of 
his own, cannot be determined. He married 
(first) June 8, 1681, Mary Hosmer, who died 
April 7, 1724; and (second) December 24, 
1724. U'idow Mary Baron. Children, all by 
first wife: i. Tabitha, born May 9, 1684. 2. 
James, June 22, 1685. 3- Jonathan, April 23, 
1687. 4. Prudence, August 27, 1689. 5. 
Thomas. June 16, 1692. 6. Sarah, August 16, 

(HI) Jonathan, son of Thomas How, was 
born in Marlborough, April 23, 1687, died 
there June 22, 1738. His entire life was passed 
in his native town. He married, April 5, 1711, 
Lydia Brigham ; children: i. Timothy, born 
May 24, 1712; died October 15, 1740. 2. Pru- 
dence, November 3, 1714. 3. Bezaleel ; of 
whom further. 4. Charles, April 20, 1720. 5. 
Eliakim, June 17, 1723. 6. Lucy, May 20, 
1726. 7. Lydia, April 12, 1729; died young. 
8. Mary, .\ugust 12. 1730. 9. Lydia, June 29, 

( I\ ) Rezaleel, third child and second son 
of Jonathan How, was born in Marlborough, 
June 19, 1717. Records concerrning him are 
few and imperfect, and the family traditions 
of him rest mainly in the reminiscences of his 
grandson. Rev. John Mofifat Howe, M. D., and 
upon researches made in 1844 by another 
grand.son. Rev. Bezaleel Howe, the mss. of 
which are in possession of Andrus Bezaleel 
Howe, of Montclair, New Jersey. From these 
materials we learn that he married Anna 
Foster, and that of their at least seven chil- 
dren, three sons and two (laughters were born 
in Marlborough, and the other two, both sons, 
at some place on the family journey to Hills- 
borough, New Hampshire, whither they re- 
moved shortly before the death of the father. 
Of his two daughters, Susanna, bom 1740, and 
Edith, 1744. little is known, and one of them 
apparently died young. His sons were: 
Timothy, born 1742; Darius, 1746; Bezaleel, 
1750; and Ba.xter and Titus, birth dates un- 
known. Of Titus no record is left. The 
others, especially Bezaleel ((|. v.), have bril- 
liant military records. Darius was a lieuten- 

ant in the revolution. Timothy served in the 
French war, and soon after his marriage to 
Elizabeth Andrus, of Stillwater, New York, 
removed to Wyoming, Pennsylvania, where 
the family lived until driven out by the In- 
dians and Tories, in July, 1778. At the time 
of this famous massacre, Timothy was serv- 
ing as first lieutanant under Captain Hewitt. 
F>axter was a lieutenant in Colonel Jonathan 
l!rcwer's regiment of the New Hampshire 
line, and later an artillery captain in the army 
under Washington. He died of fever at 
Ethron, during the forced march to York- 
town, and left a son, Brigham Howe, of New 
York City. 

(V) Bezaleel (2), youngest son of Beza- 
leel (i) Howe, was born December 9, 1750. 
He was the first of the family to give the fam- 
ily name the form of Howe, with the final "e." 
1 le was very young when his father died, leav- 
ing the family in straitened circumstances, and 
his 0])portunities for education were limited, 
tlKJUgh he managed by stealth to secure one 
(|narter's tuition at night school. He made 
a brilliant record during the revolutionary 
war. "About three weeks before the battle 
of r.unker Hill," writes his son in his rem- 
iniscences, "officers w^ere recruiting soldiers 
to withstand the British in Boston. On the 
morning when the soldiers were to march, my 
father stood looking on ; there was one of the 
recruits, described by him as an old man, sur- 
rounded by his wife and daughters, who hung 
about his neck and wept bitterly. The scene 
affected my father's heart, and with a dash he 
came to the man and said, 'Here, give me your 
old gun, and I will go for you, and if the gov- 
ernment ever gets able to give me a gun, I will 
send your old thing back to you.' So, taking 
the old gun and cartridge box, he fell into line 
and marched to the music of the fife and 
drum." .Such was the beginning of his mili- 
tary career, which covered a period of twenty- 
one years. He was present at the battle of 
iiunker Hill, although not brought into action, 
being lield with the reserves, and he continued 
with the army throughout the war. linter- 
ing as a private, he was promoted from one 
position to another. As lieutenant he served 
in the Long Island and New Jersey campaigns, 
and for the last six months was an auxilliary 
lieutenant in the personal guard of the com- 
mander-in-chief. Once at least he was sent 
to Philadelphia with dispatches, and he was 
l^resent at tlie execution of Major .Vndre. He 
was taken ]irisoner by the British shortly after 
the battle of Long Island, and at the close of 



the war, as captain, commanded the escort 
that brought General Washington's baggage 
and papers to Mount Vernon. He subse- 
t|uently served in the Indian wars under "Mad 
Anthony Waj-ne," with whom he continued 
for three years. He resigned about 1792. His 
mihtary record appears as follows in the "His- 
torical Register of Officers of the Continental 
Army during the War of the Revolution," 
published in Washington, D. C, by F. B. 
Heitman, 1893: "Second lieutenant ist N. H. 
Regt.. 8th Xovember, 1776; wounded at Still- 
water ( I'reeman's Farm) N. Y., 19 Sept., 
1777; first lieutenant 23d June, 1779, and 
served to close of war; lieutenant 2d U. S. 
Infantry, 4th March, 1791 ; captain 4th No- 
vember, 1791 : assigned to 2d sub-legion 4th 
Septeniber, 1792; major, 20th October, 1794; 
honorably discharged ist November, 1796." 

.\fter resigning from the army. Major 
Howe went to New Orleans, Louisiana, in- 
tending to establish himself in business, but 
changed his mind and soon returned to New 
York, where he received appointment as cus- 
tom house inspector, a position which he prac- 
tically held until his death, although he was 
three times removed on political grounds, due 
to change of Federal administration. He mar- 
ried, September 16, 1787, Hannah Merritt, of 
Mamaroneck. New York, who died September 
18. 1789, leaving an infant, Maria, born January 
6, 1789, who married November 23, 1805, John 
Guion, and became the mother of eleven chil- 
dren, two of whom, William H. and Stephen 
\k Guion, were the founders of transatlantic 
line of steamers known by their names. Major 
Howe married (second) February 15, 1800, 
Catherine, youngest daughter of Rev. John 
Moffat and Maria (always called Margaret) 
his wife. Three of the children of this mar- 
riage died in infancy. The others were: i. 
George C, born September 23. 1802, died De- 
cember 4, 1841 : married. May 24, 1832, Hes- 
ter Ann. daughter of Michael and Betty 
(Gregory) Higgins ; four children. 2. Mar- 
garetta, born February 22 or 27, 1804, married, 
.August I. 1820, George Washington Dupig- 
nac ; nine children. 3. John Moffat, see for- 
ward. 4. Catherine, born September 21, 1812, 
died March 4. 1883; married, October 11, 
1831. Samuel R.. son of Phineas Spelman ; 
three children. 5. Bezaleel, born August 17, 
1815, died January 18, 1858; married, August 
5, 1838, Jane Cordelia, daughter of Jacob 
Frank and Mary Barnet ; one child, Jacob 
P^rank Howe, M. D., of Brooklyn, New York. 
Major Bezaleel Howe died September 3, 

1825. and his remains were interred in the 
Dutch Reformed burial ground in Houston 
street. New York, and fifty years afterward, 
when the there were removed his re- 
mains, with those of his son George C, were 
carefully gathered up and reinterred in the plot 
of another son. Rev. John Moflfat ?Iowe, M. D., 
in Greenwood Cemetery, BrcKjklyn, New York, 
Major Howe was an original member of the 
Society of the Cincinnati, and at his death the 
membership passed to his eldest son, George 
C. Howe, whose son, George Bezaleel Howe, 
died without male issue, surviving him, and 
membership passed to his cousin, Dr. John 
Morgan Howe, of New York, son of Rev. 
John Moffat Howe, who is the present repre- 
sentative of the family in the society. 

(VI) Rev. John Moffat Howe, M. D., 
fourth child and second son of Major Beza- 
leel Howe, by his second wife, was born at 12 
Rose street. New York, January 23, 1806. 
His school days began when he was about 
four years old and continued eight or nine 
years, when his father's straitened circum- 
stances obliged him to seek a self-supporting 
career. At the age of seventeen he entered 
the employ of a merchant tailor in Maiden 
Lane, and at the same time attended night 
school. Later he and Obadiah Peck estal> 
lished a tailoring business, and young Howe 
applied himself so sedulously to his work 
that his health failed, and after three years 
the partnership was dissolved. Later, in 

1826, he established himself as a dentist in 
New York. He took into his office and under 
his instruction (dental schools being then un- 
known) many who rose to the front rank of 
the profession, among them two of his own 
sons : John Morgan Howe and Charles Mor- 
timer Howe. As to himself, he worked out 
his own professional education, his only ad- 
vantages being the few volumes on dentistry 
then in existence, such articles as appeared in 
medical and other journals, and his own per- 
sistent practical effort. To this period of his 
life belongs his service in the New York 
militia, which was then compulsorj'. After 
service in the ranks he was commissioned lieu- 
tenant in the Two Hundred and Thirty-fifth 
Regiment, May 17, 1828, and September 21, 
1830, was appointed quartermaster. In 1833, 
while visiting near Oswego. New York, Dr. 
Howe was licensed an e.xhorter in the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and March 9, 1836, in 
the Greene Street Church, he was made a 
licensed jireacher. From this time his labors 
as a local minister were constant. He was 



ordained deacon May ly, 1839, by Bishop 
Ivlijah 1 ledding, and elder by Bishop Thomas 
A. Morris, in the Seventh Street Oiurch, New 
^'ork City, May 21, 1843. From the latter 
date began his long career of activity under 
the old "circuit system," now all but entirely 
disappeared. At first he occupied pulpits in 
the city or adjacent suburbs, often, when no 
vehicle was readil}' jirocurable, walking con- 
siderable distances to meet his appointments. 
In 1835 he supplied the pastorate at Astoria, 
Long Island, and June 6, 1837, was appointed 
chaplain of the New York Hospital. About 
a year after assunting the duties of the latter 
position, his health failed to such a degree 
that his physicians advised a voyage to Europe, 
as the only hope for saving his life, and he 
sailed for England, June 7, 1838, spending 
several months there, and also visiting France, 
eventually returning in greatly improved con- 

Ah(Jtit 1848 Dr. lluwe tiKjk u|) his residence 
in Orange, New Jersey, making daily trips to 
New York for business. In 1853 he made his 
final change of residence to Acquackanonk 
(now I'assaic), .\evv Jersey, where the re- 
mainder of his life was passed, and from this 
time he became especially identified with the 
interests of the city. As it grew, he opened 
streets and ways, and erected houses. He 
took a ])rofound interest in educational affairs. 
He founded, in 1859, the private school known 
as Howe's Academy, which he conducted until 
1868. On March 28, 1865. he was appointed 
by the governor of New Jersey to the position 
of trustee of the State Normal School, which 
he held to nearly the end of his life, having 
among his official associates as pioneers of the 
state school system, Charles Elmer, Elias 
Cook. Dr. Maclean. Rev. William H. Steele, 
and ex-Chancellor Williamson. Dr. Howe 
died December 5, 1885, from a stroke of 
paralysis, after a few days' suffering, and his 
remains were laid to rest in Cedar I.,awn Cem- 
etery, on the banks of Dundee Lake, between 
Pas.saic and , Paterson, in a plot selected by 
himself. He left behind him the record of a 
man of exceptional ability in his chosen ])ro- 
fession, as one of the most prominent local 
preachers of his day, and as one of the dis- 
tinguished band who founded the free public 
school system of New Jersey. 

He married, October 31, 1838, Mary, born 
.August 10, 1817, died' October 15,' 1841, 
daughter of Rev. Thomas and Mary W. 
(Morgan) Ma.son. Children: i. Frances 
Ramadge, born .August 10. 1839, married, Sep- 

tember 18, 1859, Rev. John Andrew Munroe, 
of .Annapolis, Maryland, son of Rev. Jonathan 
and Matilda (Keiser) Alunroe; seven children, 
of whom five are now living. 2. Mary Mason, 
died in infancy. Dr. Howe married (second) 
Ann W., born in Philadelphia, March 18, 181 5, 
youngest daughter of John and Elizabeth 
(Chambers) Morgan. Mrs. Howe died Oc- 
tober 19, 1844, in giving birth to a son, John 
Morgan Howe, who married, October 17, 
iSC/), Emma, daughter of David and Emma 
Eliza (Blois) Roe; five children. Dr. Howe 
married (third) May 7, 1846, Emeline, young- 
est daughter of Barzillai and Susan (Bar- 
nard) Jenkins. Children: i. George Row- 
land, see forward. 2. Edwin Jenkins, born 
July 2, 1849, died March 14, 1905; married, 
November 18, 1875, Sarah Louise, daughter 
of Henry and Sarah Simmons, of Passaic. 
He was a prominent physician in Newark. 3. 
Charles Alortimer, born May i, 1851, married, 
October 12, 1876, Margaret Ida, daughter of 
Caleb .Augustus and Sarah Hall (Withington) 
Canfield ; child, Ella Louise, married Ansel 
Pjartlet. son of Thomas and Mary A. 
(Gurney) Maxim, who died April 24, 1886, 
to whom she bore a daughter, and she later 
married Professor Byron D. Halsted, and 
died leaving a daughter by him. 4. Emeline 
Jenkins, born June I, 1856, married on same 
day, twenty years later, David, son of Rev. 
John and Maria (Harper) Carlisle; four chil- 
dren. 5. Susan lilenora, born October 15 or 
18, 1858, married, January 7, 1883, Byron 
David, son of David and Mary (Mechem) 
Halsted ; two children. 

( \ H ) (ieorge Rowland, eldest son of Rev. 
John Moffat and Emeline (Jenkins) Howe, 
was born in New A^ork City, October 21, 1847, 
and was baptized there by Rev. Dr. Nathan 
Hangs. His preparatory education was mostly 
by private tutors and in select schools. He 
entered the University of the City of New 
York, class of i8()8, but left in his sophomore 
year and accepted a position with Carter, Hale 
tS: Company, manufacturing jewelers, Newark, 
.\ew Jersey. In 1876 changes were made and 
Mr. Howe was admitted as a partner, the new 
firm name being Carter, Hawkins & Sloan, 
and after several changes became, in 1902, 
Carter, Howe & Company. Since 1881 Mr. 
1 lowe has been manager of the manufacturing 
department. While his business qualities have 
long been recognized by his associates and the 
business public, Mr. Howe is well known by 
his connection with the religious interests of 
Newark and East Orange. He has been iden- 



tified with the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation of Newark for more tlian twenty-seven 
years, serving upon its board of managers, 
later as president, and as a trustee. He has 
always been deeply interested in beautifying 
city and suburban surroundings, especially 
those of his chosen home in East Orange, and 
on January I. 1901, he was elected president 
of the Alunicipal Art League of that town. 
For five years he was a member of the East 
Orange school board ; is a member of the 
board of trustees of the Newark Technical 
School, and by appointment of Governor Fort 
is a member of the preliminary commission on 
inihistrial education. He is one of the di- 
rectors of the Howard Savings Institution. 
Fie is deeply interested in historical subjects, 
and is a member of the board of managers of 
the Washington's Headquarters Association, 
at Alorristown, and a trustee of the New Jer- 
sey Historical Society. He is an elder in the 
Mann Avenue Presbyterian Church of East 
Orange. He is a member of the Essex Club, 
and the Lawyers" Club of New York, and in 
politics is a Republican. 

Mr. Flowe married, January 11, 1879, 
Louisa Anna, youngest daughter of Paris and 
Jane ( Eno) Barber. She is a descendant 
from Thomas Barber, who emigrated from 
England to Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 
1635, and in 1637 settled in Windsor, Con- 
necticut, the line of descent being Samuel (2), 
David (3). David (4), David (5), Aaron (6), 
Jedediah { 7 ) , who was the father of Paris Bar- 
ber. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Howe : i. George 
Rowland Jr., wIk^ died in infancy. 2. Her- 
l)ert Barber, born in Newark, October 25, 
1882, attended jireparatory school, Williston 
Seminary, Eastham])ton, Massachusetts, and 
graduated from Williams College in 1905. 3. 
Ruth Eno, born April 22, 1886, is a graduate 
of the Dana School, Morristown, New Jersey. 

The name is evidently Anglo- 
.SHINN Saxon and not Celtic. In Frisia, 

Batavia, Holland and Bohemia 
the name is found "Schyn" or "Shyn." One 
of the earliest historians of the Moravians was 
Herman "Schyn," "Shyn" or "Schynn." His 
work was published in 1728 and he was a resi- 
dent of Holland. The variation of spellings 
is the result of the effort of different trans- 
cribers to reproduce in writing or type the 
sound of the name as it comes to the ear. 
P>efore the time of the historian, Herman 
Shinn, the name is found among the knights 
of Bohemia engaged in the Hussar Wars and 

is written ".Schynn," The ancient respecta- 
bility of Shinn as a surname is established by 
that well-founded English authority, the land- 
mark of genealogical and antiquarian lore, the 
venerable and invulnerable Domesday Book of 
England. The parish registers of England 
give abundant examples of the name in its 
various spellings, all coming to or apj^roach- 
ing the ]jronunciation of the letters as 
arranged in "Shin" and broadened into 
"Sheene." The recorded wills in England 
have the name Shene. Sheen ; Shinn : and 

In Smith's History of Nova Caesarea, New 
Jersey, is found a partial list of immigrants, 
who in the spring of 1672 left England in the 
ship "Kent" for West Jersey. There were 
two hundred and thirty Quakers who left 
London on this ship about equally divided be- 
tween the two strongholds of the people of 
that faith, London and Yorkshire, and who 
landed at the present site of Burlington and 
began a settlement they called New Brierly, 
changing the name to Bridlington after a town 
in Yorkshire, from whence many of the set- 
tlers had come, but it subsec|uently became 
known as Burlington. As the name of John 
Shinn does not appear on this list, he may have 
been with one of the ship loads that followed 
between 1678 and 1680, as in a general list 
without designating the ship, the name of John 
Shinn does not appear. 

( I ) John, the son of Clement and Grace 
Sheene, and grandson of P'rancis Sheene, of 
Freckenham Parish, Herfordshire, England, 
was born in that shire in 1623. He was 
brought up in the established Church, but 
became a follower of George Fo.x in spite of 
the strong religious influence of his family 
and his religious sponsors. For this heresy 
he was persecuted and imprisoned in the Hert- 
fordshire jail, and before 1678 he left his 
home, taking with him his family, consisting 
of his wife and nine children, and took pas- 
sage in one of the numerous ships at that time 
departing with full passenger lists of dissat- 
isfied families of the Society of Friends, and 
sought a haven of peace in the promised land 
of Nova Caesarea or New Jersey in America. 
He seems to have had a full knowledge of the 
endeavors of the London Meeting of Friends 
to obtain strong men to direct this movement, 
and as soon as he reached Burlington in West 
Jersey he was made a freeholder and the com- 
missioners at once made him a member of the 
grand jury, their highest tribunal. The earl- 
iest communication received by the London 



Yearly Meeting from the Friends in Burling- 
ton, West Jersey, was dated the seventh day 
of the twelfth month 1680," and John Shinn 
was a member of the Men's Monthly Meeting 
and subscribed his name with sixteen others 
as being absent at the time the report was 
drawn up, but wished to approve of the same 
before it was sent to the London Yearly Meet- 
ing. Thus we are able to say that John Shinn 
was in West Jersey as early as 1680 and prob- 
ably as early as 1678 and that he was a free- 
holder and a member of the Society of Friends. 
\\'e also find him to be the head of a family, 
who came with him to America. On Septem- 
ber 18, 1680, he purchased of William Emley, 
one of the commissioners sent out to overlook 
the affairs of the colonists until they could 
form a government by the people themselves, 
one-fifteenth of one of the one hundred shares 
of West Jersey, and by a deed dated July 17, 
1697, John Shinn, of Springfield township, 
Burlington county, wheelwright, conveys to his 
son, James Shinn, one hundred and twenty 
acres, being part of the one-fifteenth of the 
property bought of William Emley, Septem- 
ber 18. 1680, and by deed dated July 13, 171 1, 
John Shinn conveys to John Shinn Junior, the 
remainder of the one-fifteenth of a share 
bought as aforesaid. He was thus a landed 
proprietor and we find him joining with other 
proprietors arranging for the survey, purchase 
and sale of the lands as purchased from the 
Indians and in one or more of the recorded 
deeds he is distinguished as John Shinn, of 
Springfield Lodge. In the prospectus sent to 
England by these proprietors inviting immi- 
gration, they not only dwell on the salubrity 
of the climate and the good temper of the 
Indians, with general directions as to manner 
and cost of migration, but they frankly speak 
of the ills they will meet with these words: 
"All persons inclined unto these parts must 
know that in their settlement there they will 
find their exercises. They must labor before 
they reap ; and until their plantation be cleared, 
they must expect the mosquitoes, flies, gnats 
antl such like, may in hot and fair weather 
give the same disturbances, when people pro- 
vide not against them." 

John Shinn was one of the landed pro- 
prietors of the township, and a man respected 
and esteemed. He was a member of the 
board of proprietors, who purchased, surveyed 
and distributed the lands among the members 
of the Society of Friends, who followed him 
to America. He owned part of the first mill 
site and was proprietor of the first saw and 

grist mill in the township and probably the 
first manufacturer of bolted flour in Burling- 
ton. He owned and carried on a bolting mill 
at Bridgeton in 171 1. He took an active part 
in the formation of the government of the 
township under the Democratic rule, as ob- 
tained among the Society of Friends in all their 
conduct with their fellowmen. His will was 
dated January 14, 17 12, and was probated Feb- 
ruary 30, 1712, and his death occurred be- 
tween these dates, but the exact date is not 
preserved. At the time of his death he was an 
overseer of the Burlington ^Meeting and had 
been prominent in the erection of the Octagon 
Meeting House, which existed and was in use 
1 683- 1 787, and in which his eldest child, John, 
announced on April 6, 1686, in open meeting, 
his intention to marry Ellen Stacy and Ellen 
likewise in the same manner announced in 
open meeting her intention to marry John 
Shinn, Junior. This intention was repeated 
in the same manner May 5, 1686, when they 
were granted by the meeting liberty to marry. 
The nine children of John and Jane Shinn 
were all born in England, as follows: i. John, 
niarrieil (first) Ellen Stacy, the third month 

and third day, 1686, and (second) Mary , 

on the seventh month and eleventh day, 1707. 
2. George, married Mary Thompson, fifth 
month, sixth day, 1691. 3. Mary, married 
(first) John Crosby, ninth month, eighth day, 
1686, and (second) Richard Fennimore, 1691. 
4. James (q. v.). 5. Thomas, married (first) 
Sarah Shawthorne, fifth month, first day, 1687, 
and (second) Mary Stockton, first month, 
sixth day, 1692-93. 6. Sarah, born 1669; mar- 
ried Thomas Atkinson. 7. Esther, never mar- 
ried. 8. Francis, never married. 9. Martha, 
married (first) Joshua Owner, first month, 
third day, 1696-97; (second) Restore Lippin- 
cott (2), in 1729. 

(II) James, probably the youngest child of 
John and Jane Shinn, was born in England, 
and came with his parents and his eight 
brothers and sisters to America and they all 
settled in Burlington, West Jersey, before 1780. 
T-[is sister, Martha, accompanied by Joshua 
Owen had appeared in meeting on March 3, 
1697, to make their second intentions of mar- 
riage and at this meeting it became noised 
aroiuid that James Shinn and Abigail Lippin- 
cott had declared their intentions of marriage 
without coming before the meeting. This 
rumor led to the appointment of a committee 
to speak to the parents of the two delinquents 
as well as to the delinquents themselves and 
ascertain why the rules of the meeting had 



not been observed. The committee reported 
on April 5, 1697, to a meeting that crowded 
the Octagon Aleeting House to the doors, 
anxious to learn the result. The report was 
that the young people could not obtain their 
parents consent to marriage and that therefore 
they could not pass meeting. Thereupon, Jolin 
Shinn and Restore Lippincott walked out of 
the Meeting and began to discuss the matter, 
while standing under a stately beech tree on 
the lawn of the Burlington Meeting House. 
Their wives, Jane and Hannah, soon joined 
them and the paternal consent was given to 
the marriage of James and Abigail and the 
j)artv returned to the ^Meeting House and the 
intention of the marriage duly announced by 
both James and Abigail, before the assembled 
multitude, accompanied by applause from a 
large number of young people in attendance. 
One month later, on their second declaration, 
they were given liberty to marry and the cere- 
mony of marriage was recited by the two at 
the home of Restore and Hannah Lippincott 
in the presence of a large assemblage of invited 
guests, the first people of the township. John 
Shinn shortly after deeded to his son, James, 
one hundred and twenty-one acres of land in 
what is now Nottingham township and the 
happy couple began house-keeping. James 
added to his estate the same year by the pur- 
chase from John Butcher, and in 1705 he be- 
came the sole legatee of the estate of his brother, 
Francis. In 1709 he purchased land of John 
Garwood, and in May, 1712, his father-in-law 
conveyed to him two hundred and twenty- 
three acres of land in Nottingham township. 
This with his large accessions by purchase in 
both New Hanover township, Burlington 
county, and in Ocean county made him one of 
the largest land owners in West New Jersey. 
He died without a will as did many of the 
members of the Society of Friends from prin- 
ciple, and the genealogist is, therefore, deprived 
of that fruitful service of data as to his chil- 

Abigail Lippincott was by birth and wealth 
an attractive personality of the time. Her 
father. Restore Lippincott, was the third son 
of Richard, the immigrant, who came from 
Devonshire, England, and his ancestors are 
easily traced to the Domesday Book, compiled 
in the days of \\'illiam the Conqueror. Rich- 
ard Lippincott landed in Boston, Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony, and lived in Dorchester, 
where he was made a freeman in 1640. He 
returned soon after to England, the Puritans 
making it none too agreeable for the Quakers 

in Boston, and he became the largest share- 
holder in the Company of Friends that colon- 
ized the lands on the Shrewsbury river in West 
New Jersey, and was an active and influential 
officer of the colony. His son. Restore Lippin- 
cott, was born in England, in 1653, and re- 
moved to Shrewsbury, West New Jersey, with 
his father in 1669. In 1674 he married Han- 
nah Shattock, a native of Boston, and they 
made their home in Northampton township, 
Burlington county. New Jersey, where his 
wealth and character gave him great influence. 
He was a member of the governor's council of 
West Jersey in 1703-05. The children of 
Restore and Hannah (Shattock) Lippincott 
were: Samuel, Abigail (q. v.), Hannah, Hope, 
Rebecca, James ; Elizabeth, who married 
George, son of John Shinn (2) ; James and 

James Shinn was a member of the Society 
of Friends in good standing, and in Queen 
Anne's war the Burlington Monthly Meeting 
of April II, 1704, attested that he belonged 
to the Society of Friends and could not con- 
scientiously bear arms. The list of names thus 
sent out to all captains and other military 
officers included the names of George Shinn, 
of Springfield, and James Shinn, of Northamp- 
ton. He gave large tracts of land to his chil- 
dren and they in turn became possessed of the 
ambition to become like their father large land- 
holders. He died in his own home. New Han- 
over township ( Wrightstown), where he had 
lived for many years, "at a ripe old age," in 
1 75 1. The children of James and Abigail 
(Lippincott) Shinn were; i. Hannah, who 
married John Atkinson, g-21, 1716. 2. Hope, 
who married Michael Atkinson 4-23, 1720. 3. 
Francis, born 8-25, 1706: married Elizabeth 
Atkinson, 8-13, 1729. 4. Joseph, who married 
]\Iary Budd, 1726. 5. James, who married, in 
1739, Hannah Shinn (cousins). 6. Solomon 
(q. v.). 7. Clement, who married Abigail 
Webb, "out of meeting." The following three 
were also probably their children : 8. Abigail, 
who married Henry Rieve, in 1728. 9. Sus- 
anah, who married Bartholomew W'est, 1727; 
lived in Monmouth county. New Jersey, where 
he had a large family and three of his sons 
were soldiers in the American revolution. 10. 
Marcy or Mercy, who died young. 

(Ill) Solomon, fourth son and sixth child 
of James and Abigail (Lippincott) Shinn, was 
born in Springfield township, Burlington 
county. New Jersey, and was married in Spring- 
field Meeting House on 1-17, 1739, to Mary, 
daughter of Thomas and granddaughter of 



J(jlin Aiilrini. He was a farmer in New Han- 
over township for many years. He inherited 
lands in that township as well as in New 
Eg}-pt, Monmouth county, and was a large 
purchasers of lands in Evesham and other parts 
of Burlington county. His wife, Mary, died 
after bearing him nine children, and he mar- 
ried as his second wife Mrs. Mary Bishop, a 
widow with several children, in 1782, and he 
died intestate in 1785. The names and dates 
of births of his children were inscribed in the 
back of the marriage certificate given by the 
Meeting at the time of his marriage to Mary 
Antrim and the additional data is the work 
of the genealogist from the minutes of the 
various meetings. The children of Solomon 
and Mary (.Antrim) Shinn were born on the 
dates given as follows: i. Thomas, September 
17, 1740; he married (first) Sarah Vinacomb, 
in 1764, and (second) Merebah Warren, in 
181 2. 2. Asa ((]. v.). 3. James, January 23, 
1744: married Lavinia Haines, in 1768. 4. 
Sarah, June 10, 1747 ; married Nathaniel Pope, 
in 1769. 5. I'nity, February 9, 1749-50; mar- 
ried Joseph Pancoast, in 1767. 6. Caleb, May 
3, 1752; married Mary Lucas, in 177 1. 7. 
Alary, November 14. 1754, who died young. 

8. Mary, August 20, 1756. 9. Abigail, .April 

9, 1759: married David Johnson, November 
30. 1779. 

( IV) Asa, second son and child of Solomon 
and Mary (Antrim) Shinn, was born Novem- 
ber 27, 1742. He was a devout member of the 
Society of Friends by birthright and living, 
was made an overseer of the Burlington Meet- 
ing in 1791 and an elder in 1792. No charge 
of any kind was ever printed against him and 
his record is that of a blameless life. The date 
of his death does not appear on any record 
of the society and is not preserved by the 
family. He was married by I'riend's Cere- 
mony, after due publication of intention in 
open meeting, in 1769, to Sarah, daughter of 
Samuel and Sarah Black Cauntt, and grand- 
daughter of Zebulon and Sophia (Shourds) 
Gauntt and of William and Sara (Rockhill) 
Black. The dignified overseer reported to 
Burlington Meeting that the marriage was 
conducted in an orderly manner "except an 
appearance of too great lightness on the part 
of some young people." His widow, Sarah, 
left a will which named Asa, son of Israel; 
two granddaughters, Sarah H. and Anna, 
daughters of Israel ; two grandsons, Joseph 
and Solomon, sons of Solomon ; granddaugh- 
ter, Mary, daughter of Solomon ; four grand- 
cIiildrcMi. .'^tacy, .\iin. Rebecca and iCliza, chil- 

dren of son, Joshua ; daughter, Sarah ; sons, 
William, Samuel, Isaac and Asa, as legatees. 
The children of Asa and Sarah (Gauntt) 
Shinn were born as follows: I. Hannah, Jan- 
uary 12, 1770; married Samuel Croft, May 5, 
1803. 2. Israel, January 25, 1772; married 
.Ann Curtis. 3. William (q. v.). 4. Isaac, No- 
vember 2, 1775 ; married Frances Van, in 1827. 
5. Samuel. October 10, 1777; married Frances 
( \'an ) Shinn, in 1840. 6. Solomon, Septem- 
ber 8, 1779; married Mercy Lamb, July 15, 
1805. 7. Joshua, April 4, 1781 ; married Ann 
Gaskell. November 17, 1803. 8. Asa, April 2, 
1783; married (first) Hannah Gauntt, in 1828, 
and ( second ) Elizabeth Blackwood, February 
26, 1833. 9. Sarah, October 30, 1784; died 
unmarried, February 12, 1826. 10. Joseph, 
March 30, 1786; died unmarried. 11. .Anne, 
February 17, 1789; married Stacy Haines, 
July 14, 181 3. 

(V) William, second son and third child of 
Asa and Sarah ( (jauntt) Shinn. was born P'eb- 
ruary 6, 1774, and brought up in the faith of 
the Society of Friends, being a birthright mem- 
ber. He was a farmer near Jobstown, Burling- 
ton county. New Jersey. He died May i, 
1832. and his widow, Ann, June 3, 1855. He 
was married in conformity of the rules of the 
.Society of Friends, his certificate of marriage 
to Ann Forsyth, given by the Friend's Meet- 
ing at Mt. Holly, bearing the date February 
16, 181 5. His wife was born January 12, 
1781, daughter of Joshua and Phoebe (Shreve) 
Forsyth, and granddaughter of Caleb Shreve, 
a private in the Burlington regiment of militia 
in the American revolution. The children of 
William and .Ann (Forsyth) Shinn were six in 
munber and born as follows: i. Shreve, No- 
vember 23, 1815; married Emily, daughter of 
Samuel and Lydia Woolman, December 17. 
1S40. 2. Phoebe, February 15, 1817; died 
Oct(jber 14, 1893. 3. Walter, April i, 1818; 
died June 20, 1844. 4. Anne, April 5, 1820; 
married William Conrow, son of Joseph Han- 
cock, March 20, 1840, and had no children. 
5. Elwood, May 27, 1822 ; married Hannah, 
daughter of fosejih and .A.schah Hartshorn, 
.March 14, 1861. 6. Willit ((|. v.). 

(\'I ) \Villit, fourth son and youngest child 
cif William and Ann (I'-orsyth) Shinn, was 
Ixirn on his father's farm near Jobstown, Bur- 
lington county. New Jersey, January 5, 1825. 
In 1841 he removed to Philadelphia, where he 
learned the trade of bricklayer and he was a 
master-bricklayer in Philadelphia up to the 
time of the death of his mother, which occurred 
June 3, 1855, when he returned to Burlington 




county, and with his brother, Elwood, pur- 
chased the homestead in partnership. They 
so carried it on up to 1871, when he sold out 
his interest to Elwood and made his home in 
Mt. Holly, New Jersey, where he was still a 
resident in 1909. Willit Shinn never married 
and when he left the homestead at Jobstown 
he provided a comfortable and attractive home 
in the village of Mt. Holly, where he sur- 
rounded himself with all the modern require- 
ments of home life and extended a generous 
hospitality to not only his large circle of kins- 
folk, but to his friends and neighbors generally. 
His board was always shared by some of his 
brothers, sisters, nephews and nieces and he 
kept in touch with his relatives in his work as 
a genealogist, which he took up in his later 
life and no one of the Shinns has a better 
knowledge of the genealogy of the Shinn family 
in all its extensive lines. This labor of love 
has brought him in epistolary touch with thous- 
ands of his kinsfolk, who have corresponded 
with him and given answers and furnished 
data to his inquiries as to the lives of their 
immediate family circles. He has thus become 
a philanthropist, as well as a teacher of the 
charm and fascination of the study of gene- 
alogy, when applied to one's own kindred. No 
one who has tasted at this spring of knowledge 
ever regretted the thirst thus created and their 
lives have been the happier and their wisdom 
has increased as they have gone deeper and 
deeper in this most fascinating of studies. Air. 
Shinn's days have undoubtedly been lengthened 
by the exercise of this literary taste, which has 
by its welcome commands left on his hands 
and mind no idle moments in which to enter- 
tain idleness or the many other sappers of 
vitality in men well advanced in age. At 
eighty-four years, "young." he promises to 
continue to work and exercise all his faculties 
of mind and body alike, and who will say that 
he may not have another generation of Shinns 
to hunt up and give a place on the family tree, 
leaves of the eighth and ninth generations 
from seed planted by John Shinn, the immi- 

The family of Wash- 
WASHINGTON ington is not only char- 
acterized by a most hon- 
orable and distinguished record in England, 
and a glorious prestige in this country, but 
it can also boast of an unbroken lineage of 
twenty centuries, from the present day back 
to Odin, the founder of the kingdoms of Scan- 
dinavia in the year 70 before Christ. In the 

reign of George the II of Great Britain, 
Leonard Washington, the great-great-grand- 
father of General George Washington, the first 
]iresident of the United States, was obliged to 
leave the home of his ancestors at Howgie 
.Mountain in Westmorland and to settle with 
his five sons at Bethnal Green, one of the 
nietropolitan boroughs of greater London. 
From here two of his sons emigrated to Vir- 
ginia and became the ancestors of the cele- 
brated colonial family. The other three sons 
remained in England and continued the. long 
line which even then enumerated twenty gen- 
erations on English soil and as many more in 
Denmark and Scandinavia. The English gen- 
erations reckoning backward are as follows : 
Leonard, Lawrence, Lawrence, Lawrence, 
Thomas, Robert, John, Robert, John, John, 
John, Robert, Robert, Robert, W'alter, Rondo, 
.■\karis, Bardolf, and Torfin the Dane, who as 
the old Scandinavian and Danish records show 
was the direct descendant of Odin the con- 
(jueror of the Noresland nearly an hundred 
years before Christ. 

( I ) One of the sons of Leonard Washing- 
ton of Howgie Mountain and Bethnal Green, 
who remained in England was Robert, whose 
son returned to Westmorland and settled on 
a farm at Kendal, from which, about 1830, his 
son emigrated to Canada, and founded another 
line of the Washington name and blood in the 
new world. The name of his wife is un- 
known, but he left si.x sons to perpetuate his 
name, Stephen, Anthony, George, John, 
Robert and Joseph. 

( II) John, the son of Stephen Washington, 
of Westmoreland and Ontario, Canada, mar- 
ried Janet Scott, and left seven children: 
Walter Scott, referred to below; Eleanor, 
Henry J., Charles, Stephen Frederick, Joseph 
and Agnes Edith. 

(Ill) W'alter .Scott, son of John and Janet 
( Scott ) Washington, was born in Bowmans- 
ville, county Durham, Ontario, Canada, and 
with his family is now living at 12 Washing- 
ton place, Newark, New Jersey. For his early 
education he was sent to the public schools of 
county Durham and to the Bowmansville Col- 
legiate Institute, from which he graduated in 
1869, after which he received a first and 
second class certificate from the British mili- 
tary school at Toronto, having served in the 
infantry and artillery divisions of the militia. 
In 1870 he emigrated to the LInited States and 
settled for a short time in Roscommon. Michi- 
gan, returning however to Coburg, Ontario, in 
order to attend the Collegiate Institute there. 




aiul Trinity Medical College, Toronto, from 
which he was graduated in 1876, being 
awarded the highest honors of his class and 
receiving a special diploma. In the same year, 
1876, he was appointed coroner of Roscom- 
mon. Michigan, and also Roscommon county 
physician. He was also one of the organizers 
and the chairman of the board of supen-isors 
of the poor, and at various times held several 
of the local offices, such as village treasurer, 
school inspector and health officer. He was 
also one of the surgeons of the JMichigan Cen- 
tral railroad, a position he held for ten years 
and resigned in 1887, when he settled in New- 
ark. In that year he formed a partnership with 
Dr. I. D. IJromley, which continued for some 
time. In 1894 he was appointed county 
ph)sician of Essex county, which office he held 
for eight years. Dr. Washington is a mem- 
ber of the Essex County Medical Society, of 
which he is ex-president, and the president 
and one of the charter members of the Essex 
County Anatomical and Pathological Society, 
as well as a member and president of the Prac- 
titioners' Club. He is a Mason, member of 
St. John's Lodge of Newark, and attends 
Trinity Protestant Episcopal Church, New- 
ark. September 3, 1879, Walter Scott Wash- 
ington, M. 'D., married Catharine, daughter of 
Richard Williams and Louisa (Jerolamon) 
Conkling, and they have one daughter, Louise 
Janet Washington, born April 12, 1885. 

The Frylings belong to the 

I'lxYLING later comers to the new world 

and to New Jersey, there being 

only two generations in this country, the 

earlier of which is that of the emigrant 

founder of the family. 

(i) William Fryling was born in Holland, 
from which country he emigrated to America 
in 1 87 1 as a young man. He resided in New- 
ark and died August 3, 1894. He married 
in Holland, Elizabeth G. Habbema, who has 
borne him nine children: I. William now a 
Presbj'terian minister at Easton Center, Mass- 
achu.setts, who married Mabel Owen and has 
one child, Owen Fryling. 2. John, died in 
infancy. 3. Elizabeth G., died in infancy. 4. 
John, wJio lives at 132 First street, Newark, 
New Jersey; married Matilda Giescle but has 
no children. 5. Gerhard, who lives at 127 
North Second street, Newark, New Jersey ; 
married Alice Smalls and has three children : 
Charles, Lillian and Edna Fryling. 6. Annie, 
married William H. Hall, of 255 Bleecker 
street, Brooklyn, Long Island, and has two 

children, John Henry and Gertrude Hall. 7. 
Henry H., referred to below. 8. Elizabeth, 
married Peter Guthrie, of 424 Fourth avenue, 
Newark, New Jersey. 9. George, single. 

(II) Henry H., seventh child and fifth son 
of \\ illiam and Elizabeth G. (Habbema) Fry- 
ling, was born in Newark, New Jersey, Feb- 
ruary 14, 1876, about five years after his father 
liad emigrated to this country, and is now 
living at 424 Fourth avenue, Newark, New 
Jersey. For his early education he was sent 
to the Newark public schools, after leaving 
which he entered the Newark technical school, 
and then later on studied law, being admitted 
to the New Jersey bar as an attorney-at-law 
in February, 1897, and as a counsellor in 1900. 
Shortly after being admitted as attorney he 
began to specialize in the department of cor- 
])oration law and he is now one of the recog- 
nized authorities on that subject. Mr. Fry- 
ling is a Republican, but has held no office and 
does not seek one ; nor has he seen any military 
service. He is a past master of Triluminar 
Lodge. No. 112, Free and Accepted Masons, 
a member of the Scottish Rite and one of the 
officers of Salaam Temple, Mystic Shrine. He 
is also a member of the Essex County Country 
Club, a trustee of the Roseville Athletic Asso- 
ciation, treasurer of the Lawyers Club of 
Essex county, as well as a member of the 
Republican Indian League, Lincoln Republican 
Club of Roseville and of the Newark Board 
of Trade. He is a Presbyterian. On June 
30, 1909, he married Florence Ohl, eldest 
daughter of Adam George and Caroline 
(Buehler) Ohl. 

This name is of seldom oc- 
HARGRO\'E currence in LTnited States 
history or biography. The 
most notable is Rev. Robert Kennon Har- 
grove (1829-1905), son of Daniel J. and Lao- 
dicia H. Hargrove, grandson of Richard (2) 
and great-grandson of Richard, who with his 
brother, Reuben Hargrove, came from Eng- 
land before the American revolution. Rich- 
ard Hargrove had two sons, John and Richard 
(2), and this Richard settled in North Caro- 
lina, while John settled in New Jersey, thus 
forming two branches of Hargroves, the sons 
of Richard producing the southern branch and 
those of John the northern branch. We see 
by this that the southern branch gave to the 
Methodist church south its noted educator, 
preacher and bishop. Robert Kennon Har- 
grove, who was bom in Pickens county, Ala- 
bama, and whose father, Daniel J., was prob- 



ably born in Xorth Carolina about 1800, and 
migrated upon arriving at his majority, about 
182 1, to the new opening fields of Alabama, 
rich in agricultural promise, and where he 
married Laodicia. Daniel J.'s father, Richard 
Hargrove Jr., probably was born in North 
Carolina about 1775, and Richard's father, 
Richard Sr., was the immigrant, born in Eng- 
land probably in the middle of the eighteenth 
century and arrived in America during the 
early manhood with his brother Reuben, who 
was a soldier in the American revolutionary 
army. Andrew Coleman Hargrove was grad- 
uated at the University of Alabama, A. B., 
1856, and at Harvard College Law School, LL. 
B., 1859; was professor of equity and juris- 
prudence in University of Alabama, and died 
in 1895. He was probably a brother of 
Robert Kennon, the bishop of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, south. Taking the south- 
ern branch as our guide, we should begin the 
generations of the New Jersey branch with 
Richard (q. v.), one of the immigrant Har- 
groves, and follow with John (q. v.), who is 
said to have settled in New Jersey. 

(I) Richard Hargrove, the immigrant, came 
from England to America previous to the be- 
ginning of the American revolution and was 
accompanied by his elder brother, Reuben, who 
joined the revolutionary army and probably 
never married. Richard Hargrove did marry 
and he had two sons : ( I ) John, who settled 
in \\'est Jersey, probably in Builington county. 
2. Richard (2), who went south and located 
in North Carolina and his descendants in Ala- 

(II) John, son of Richard Hargrove, was 
of the second generation. He married and 
had a son William (q. v.). 

(HI) William, son of John Hargrove, of 
West New Jersey, was born in Buddtown, 
Burlington county, New Jersey, in 1794. He 
was a farmer in W'rightstown in the same 
county. He married Ann E., daughter of 
John and Mary Curtis. She was born in 1791 
and by this marriage ten children were born. 
The date of her death is 1877 and that of her 
husband, William Hargrove, October 31, 1854. 
These children all born in Buddtown, Burl- 
ington county. New Jersey, were in the order 
of their birth: I. Goldin, 1816. 2. Joseph, 
1817. 3. Jonathan, 1819. 4. Mary, 1820. 5. 
Maria, 1822. 6. Hannah, 1825. 7. Margaret, 
1828. 8. James M., 1830. 9. Sarah, 1832. 
10. Martin Van Buren (q. v.). 

(IV) Martin Van Buren, youngest child 
and fifth son of William and Ann E. (Curtis) 

Hargrove, was born in Buddtown, Burlington 
county. New Jersey, December 2, 1837. He 
was a pupil in the public school of his native 
town, and while quite young went to Philadel- 
phia as clerk in a grocery store for a time, but 
returned to his father's farm. On the out- 
break of the civil war, he was much interested 
in the political condition of affairs and in 1862 
was constrained to give his service to the 
country at a time it was most in need of men. 
He enlisted in the Twenty-third New Jersey 
\'oIunteers and was assigned to Company E, 
commanded by Edward Burd Grubb, who was 
promoted to major and lieutenant-colonel in the 
Twenty-third Regiment and became its colonel 
in 1863, and in 1864 he recruited and served 
as colonel of the Thirty-seventh Regiment and 
was brevetted brigadier-general, March 13, 
1865. Private Hargrove was mustered into 
the service of his country, September 13, 1862, 
and became orderly sergeant of Company E. 
He was a participant in the disastrous battle 
of Fredericksburg, December 13, 1862, and in 
the retreat he was wounded and sent to the 
regimental hospital. He was mustered out of 
the volunteer service, June 27, 1863, the term 
of enlistment having expired, but he served 
as volunteer wagon master and cattleman in 
the army for six months, after wliich he re- 
turned home. After the close of the war he 
went to Iowa, where he spent one year in a 
timber camp and on a fann. He returned 
home and taught school in Pemberton, New 
Jersey, for a year, and in 1867 he took charge 
of the store of Earley & Reeves at Brown's 
Alills, New Jersey, and he remained in charge 
of the store 1867-70. In 1870 he bought out 
the business and continued it in his own name 
up to 1879, when he sold it to V^aughn & 
Kinsley, having been appointed postmaster of 
Brown's Mills during the administration of 
President Hayes, and he continued to hold 
that office under the administrations of Presi- 
dents Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland. Harrison 
and Cleveland up to the time of his death in 
1892. He also held the office of notary public, 
commissioner of deeds, pension attorney, tax 
assessor, member of the township committees, 
etc. He affiliated with the Democratic party 
and with the IMasonic fraternity, being a 
member of the New Egypt Lodge, Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, and of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows of Pemberton. 
His religious affiliation was with the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, in which organization 
he was chairman of the board of stewards at 
the time of his death, which occurred at 



Brown's Mills. Iliirlington county. New Jersey, 
August 5. 1892. He married, in 1870, 
Hannah 'r.rown Scattergood, daughter of 
Thomas and Elizabeth Brown Scattergood, 
and they had one daughter who died in infancy 
and one son Miles Warner (q. v.). 

( \' ) Miles Warner, only son of Martin Van 
lUn-cn and Hannah Brown (Scattergood) 
Hargrove, was born at Brown's Mills, Burl- 
ington county. New Jersey, July 8, 1873. He 
attended the public school of his native town- 
ship, and was also taught to a considerable 
extent by his father, who was a school teacher, 
as well as a soldier, merchant, and town and 
governmental official. When sixteen years of 
age. his father purchased the business of J. N. 
Smith & Brother of Brown's ^lills. New 
Jersey, and put him in charge of the store, 
giving him the business when he attained his 
majority in 1894 and the profits he earned 
from the business the six years he had con- 
ducted it when under age. During President 
Cleveland's administration he was made post- 
master after the death of his father in 1892, 
and he has filled the position from that time 
under Republican administrations to the entire 
satisfaction of the citizens, irrespective of 
party politics. He is also notary public, pen- 
sion attorney, commissioner of deeds, and has 
filled various town offices, including township 
clerk from the date of his majority. He was 
one of the organizers of the Pemberton Na- 
tional Bank and has served as director since 
the organization. He was made secretary and 
general manager of the Farmers" Telephone 
Company, secretary of Brown's Mills Cran- 
berry Company and secretary and treasurer of 
the P'orcst Lake Poultry Company. His 
church affiliation is with the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, of which he is a steward. He is 
a member of New Egypt Lodge. F. and A. M. ; 
the lnde])endcnt Order of Odd Fellows, hold- 
ing membershii) in the Pemberton Lodge : 
Knights of Pvthias. and Improved Order of 
Red Men. 

lie married (first) August 25, 1895, Addie 
IL, daughter of Daniel and Catherine (Ecker- 
son ) Haring, and by this marriage one son, 
Lynden Haring. was born July 4. 1896. Mrs. 
Hargrove died August 5. 1899. Air. Har- 
grove married (second) March 8, 1903, Mary 
A., daughter of Benjamin and Sally (Beck) 
Marker, of Wrightstown, New Jersey. 

James Brown, of Cairns Kirn, North .Xn- 
trim, Ireland, a descendant of Robert Brown, 

sailed from England in 1677 and landed near 
the present site of the city of Philadelphia, set- 
tled and married. He had a son, John (q. v.). 

( II) John, son of James Brown, the im- 
migrant, was born either in Ireland or on the 
banks of the Delaware river near the present 
site of the city of Philadelphia. When a 
young man he went to England, where he mar- 
ried and had two children: i. William, born in 
England 1715. 2. Alexander (q. v.). 

(III) Alexander, son of John Brown, was 
born in England in 1720, came to America and 
settled in Ikirlington, New Jersey. He mar- 
ried and had a son, Abraham (q. v.). 

ll\') Abraham, second son of Alexander 
Brown, was born in Burlington. New Jersey, 
and purchased the mills at IJifldle's Mills, and 
after the purchase the place took the name of 
Brown's Alills, wdiich it retains to the present 

day. He married Elizabeth and they 

had a son, Joseph R. (q. v.). 

( V ) Joseph R., son of Abraham and Eliza- 
beth Brow-n, was born at Brown's Mills. New 
Jersey. May 5, 1776, died there September 11, 
1850. He married and had a daugh- 
ter. Elizabeth, who became the wife of Thomas 
Scattergood, of Brown's Mills, and their 
daughter, Hannah Brown Scattergood, became 
the wife of Martin \'an Buren Hargrove (see 
Hargrove ). 

Among the colonists who em- 
RUTGERS barked at Texel on the "Rens- 

selaerswyck," Jans Tiebkins, 
master, on October i, 1636. was one Rntger 
Jacobsen Van Schoenderwoerdt. The ship 
was bound for Fort Orange in the service of 
the first patroon. Rntger. as his last name in- 
dicates, came from the pretty Dutch village of 
Schoenderwoerdt, distant two miles north of 
Leerdam and four miles from Viauen, where 
\'an Rensselaer had a country seat. In the 
primitive settlement of Fort Orange (now 
.Albany. New York) Rntger became a man of 
considerable repute and wealth. In 1649 he 
went into partnership with Goosen Gerritse 
Van Schaick and rented the patroon's brew'ery 
for four hundred and fifty guilders, and in the 
second year they used fifteen hundred schep- 
els of malt. In 1654 Rutger bought Jan Jans 
\'an Noorstrant's brew-house, which stoo<l 
opposite the Middle Dutch church, as situated 
in 1886. But he was not only a brewer, for 
he dealt in beaver skins, and owned a sloop on 
the river, which he sometimes commanded 
liimself. but at other times he em]iloyed .Abra- 
ham de Truwe as master. He also frequently 

%.. >4ww^ OijoA^^^^^'^ 



bought and sold building lots in the village and 
fanning lands in the vicinity. In 1661 he 
owned a share in Mohicander's island. While 
Rutger thus was becoming rich he was held in 
honor by his fellow townsmen and was magis- 
trate in 1665 and probably held that ofifice until 
his death. He took part in the proceedings of 
a peace commission appointed to treat with the 
Indians. In the records he is mentioned as 
Hon. Rutger Jacobsen, and his name is found 
frequently so written. In 1652, when the new 
church w'as built, he was selected to lay the 
corner stone. He died in 1665, and at a sale 
his personal effects brought nine hundred and 
eighty-three guilders, ten stivers, and his silver 
and jewelry sold for five hundred and twelve 
guilders, fourteen stivers. In June, 1646, he 
married Tryntje (Catherine) Jansse Van 
Hreesteede, in New .Amsterdam (New York). 
After his death she married, in 1695, Hen- 
drick Janse Roseboom, and is supposed to have 
died in 171 1. Margaret, one of the daughters 
of her first marriage, became wife of Jan 
Jansen Bleecker, who was mayor of Albany 
in 1700. Engeltje, another daughter of Rut- 
ger, is believed to have married Melgert Abra- 
hamse \'an Deusen. Rutger's only son was 
Harman Rutgers. 

The Rutgers family of New York and the 
particular branch thereof under consideration 
liere is descended from Harman Rutgers, 
whom Pearson in his "Albany First Settlers" 
says was a son of Rutger Jacobsen who is 
mentioned in the preceding paragraph ; "but 
this is improbable," says a more recent ac- 
count in the "New York Genealogical and 
Biographical Record" ( 1899). "Harman mar- 
ried a daughter of Anthony de Hooges, secre- 
tary of the 'colonic' of Rensselaerswyck, after 
whom the mountain 'Anthony's Nose' in the 
Hudson Highlands was named." 

( I ) Harman Rutgers is first mentioned in 
the records as private in the Burgher Corps 
of New Amsterdam in 1653. He was a 
brewer and inherited from his father the Van 
Noorstrant brew-house, but in March, 1675. 
he bought a brewery on the eastern half of 
the present (1886) Exchange block in Albany, 
and sold it after two months. The Dutch 
church, of which he and his wife were mem- 
bers, called on him to supply brew for funer- 
als. About 1693 the Indians caused him so 
much trouble, destroying his barley crops, that 
he removed to New York with his two sons, 
Anthony and Harman Jr., both of whom were 
brewers. His daughter Elsie remained in 

.Alliany, having married David Schuyler, once 
mayor of the city. 

(II) Harman (2), younger son of Harman 
(i) Rutgers, married Catharina Meyer and 
had several children. On Christmas day, 
1706, he wrote in his family Bible: "I, 
Flarman Rutgers, was married to Catharine 
Meyer, by Domonie De Booys. May the Lord 
grant us a long and happy life together, 
Amen." And again: "1711, December 4th: 
Were moved from mother's house to our own 
place in the Vly, and have made the first beer 
there on the 29th of December. May the 
Lord bless the work of our hands." 

(II) Anthony, son of Harman (i) Rut- 
gers, was a baker and was admitted freeman 
in New York in 1699. In 1705 he bought a 
dwelling house and lot in Smith (now Will- 
iam) street and a lot beyond the land gate on 
New street. In 1710 he had become a resi- 
dent of the north ward, above Wall street, and 
in that year and the two years following he 
was assistant alderman from that ward. He 
represented the ward as alderman from 1727 
to 1734, and was member of the colonial as- 
sembly from 1726 to 1737. In 1717 he bought 
land on Maiden lane and had a brew-house and 
residence on the north side of that street be- 
tween William and Nassau streets. He also 
purchased a tract of farm land lying north- 
west of the intersection of Broadway and 
Chambers street and extending to the North 
river. In 1723 he bought ten acres of land 
here and in 1725 purchased thirty-six acres 
more. Anthony Rutgers, then known as Cap- 
tain Rutgers, was still living near William 
street in 1731, but about that time built him- 
self a house on his new farm. He was a member 
of the grand jury which in 1741 investigated 
the "Negro plot" to burn the city and the fort. 
He married (first) December 30, 1694, Hen- 
drickje \'an de Water, of New York, and 
after her death he married (second) August 
25. 1 716, Widow Cornelia Benson, daughter 
of Johannes Roos. Captain Anthony Rut- 
gers died in 1746 and his widow surviveil him 
until 1760. He had eight children, all born 
of his first marriage and all baptized in New 
York: i. Harmanus, November 5, 1699. 2. 
Petrus, May 4. 1701. 3. Catryna, December 
20, 1702. 4. Anneke, March 31, 1704. 5. 
Catharina, November 21, 1705, died young. 
6. Anthony, February 9, 1707, died young. 7. 
Catharina, October 27, 1708. 8. .A.nthony, 
April 29, 171 1. 

(HI) Captain .'\ntliony (2), son of An- 



thony (i) and Hendrickje (\'an de Water) 
Rutgers, was baptized April 29, 171 1, in \ew 
York, and died before his father. He mar- 
ried, January 10, 1741, Margarita Klopper 
(Clapper) and by her had an only son, .An- 
thony A. 

(1\') .Anthony .\., only son and child of 
.Anthony (2) and Margarita (Klopper) Rut- 
gers, received under his grandfather's will the 
brew-house and residence in Maiden lane, a 
share in the farm on North river, and also owned 
the Ranelegh gardens at the head of Broad- 
way, where Duane street now crosses it. The 
gardens were leased to one Jones, who gave 
entertainments there ; a band of music played 
there on Mondays and Thursdays. In 1775 
Anthony A. Rutgers is named as captain of the 
second company of artillery one of the "new 
companies raising." Subsequently, however, 
he removed to Newark,, New Jersey, and died 
there in 17B4, leaving four sons and two 
daughters. He married, June 6, 1762, Gert- 
rudye, daughter of Nicholas Gouverneur, of 

(\') Nicholas Gouverneur, son of Anthony 
.A. and (jcrtrudye (Gouverneur) Rutgers, was 
born in Newark, New Jersey. September 20, 
1 77 1, started in business with his grandfather's 
house, Gouverneur & Kemble, and afterward 
was at the head of the firm of Rutgers, Sea- 
man & Ogdcn, whose jilace of business was in 
Pearl street, and who also acted as agent for 
Anthony Rutgers, 4th. Nicholas G. Rutgers 
for many years was president of the Mutual 
Insurance Company and member of the Chanv 
bcr of Commerce. He married, March 27, 
1796. Cornelia, daughter of John Livingston 
and granddaughter of Robert Livingston, 
third owner of the manor (see Livingston). 
.'Xftcr her death he married his third cousin, 
Eliza Hoffman, and died in 1857, at the age 
of eighty-six years. He had ten children: i. 
Maria .Ann LeRoy, born January 18, T797. 
2. Robert .Alfred, .August 27. 1798. 3. Clem- 
entina. May 24, 1800. 4. llenry Livingston. 
December 28. 1801. 5. Nicholas Seaman, No- 
vember 26, 1803. 6. Catharine Elizabeth, .April 
13, 1807. 7. (Julian .McEvers, March 23, 1809. 
8. John Livingston, July 13, 1813. 9. Edward, 
May II. 1816. 10. William, May 10, 1821. 

(\'I) John Livingston, son of Nicholas 
Gouverneur and Cornelia (Livingston) Rut- 
gers, was born in New York City, July 13, 
1813. and for forty years was a member of the 
merchantile house of L. M. Hoffman & Com- 
pany. He was a business man exclusively, a 
Republican in politics, but not active in public 

affairs, and in religious preference was an 
Episcopalian. He married, November 30, 
1843, Anna Maria Livingston, born in Hud- 
son, New York, October i, 1817, daughter of 
Robert LeRoy Livingston, who married, July 

2. 1811, .Anna Maria Digges. John Livingston 
and -Anna Maria (Livingston) Rutgers had 
five children: i. Cornelia, born September 

17, 1844. 2. Anna Maria, February 15, 1846. 

3. Mary Rutgers, April 10, 1847. 4- Nicholas 
Gouverneur, November 12, 1850. 5. Henry 
Livingston, August 27, 1852. 

(ATI) Nicholas Gouverneur (2), son of 
John Livingston and Anna Maria (Livings- 
ton) Rutgers, was born in New York City, 
November 12, 1850, and received his education 
at George C. Anthon's school and the Pro- 
fessor Elie Charlier Institute, both of New 
York, and Rutgers grammar school, New 
Brunswick, New Jersey. His business career 
was begun as clerk in the office of the LeRoy 
Shot and Lead Company, and he continued 
in that capacity for twenty years. In March, 
1893. li*? w^s elected treasurer of the Norfolk 
& .\'ew Brunswick Hosiery Company and still 
retains that office. In April, 1902, he also was 
elected president of the New Brunswick Sav- 
ings Institution, an office he still holds. Mr. 
Rutgers is a Republican, but not active in poli- 
tics. He is a communicant at Christ Church, 
Eiiiscopalian, of New Brunswick, being rec- 
tor's warden, and for more than twenty years 
has been treasurer of the church. He married, 
November 10, 1880, at New Brunswick, .Alice 
Noel Neilson, born New A'ork City, February 

18, 1850. daughter of John Butler (Zoles Neil- 
son, who married Helena, daughter of Dr. 
John Neilson, of New York. John Butler 
.N'eilson's children vi'ere : Alice Noel, Helen 
and Henry .Augustus Neilson. Mr. Rutgers's 
only child is Nicholas Gouverneur Rutgers, 
burn October 19, 1888, graduated from Rut- 
gers Preparatory School, New Brunswick, and 
now employed in the office of a New York 
Citv stock broker. 

.According to tradition, 
Ll\'IN(",STON Leving or Living, the 
earliest known ancestor 
of tlie Livingstons in Scotland, was a noble 
Hungarian who came to that country in the 
train of Margaret, when she and her brother 
Edgar the .Atheling took refuge at the court 
of Malcolm Canmore, in 1070. Margaret 
afterward married IMalcolm and many of her 
followers remained in Scotland and had lands 
granted them by her husband. But this tra- 



dition, like many others of like kind relating 
to ancient Scotch families, will not stand in- 
vestigation ; and there is no need of going so 
far as Hungary for the origin of the surname. 
In England the surname Living was not un- 
common and appears in a Saxon charter in the 
ninth century. It was the name of the arch- 
bishop of Canterbury who crowned Canute, 
and the more famous bishop of Crediton and 
Worcester, the friend of Earl Godwine, has 
come down to us in the words of the old Saxon 
chronicle as "Lyfing the EkKjuent'" {"Lyfiiuj 
sc u'ordsnotcra biscop"). 

And besides these two great churchmen 
there are many others having the same name 
mentioned in the Saxon charters, one of them 
being .Staller. or master of the horse to Edward 
the Confessor; and moreover, according to 
Doomsday Book, several persons of the name 
were landholders before the conquest : there- 
fore it is highly probable that the earliest 
known ancestor of the Livingston family in 
Scotland was of Sa.xon origin. Living was 
one of the Saxon landholders mentioned in 
Doomsday, and as to whether the Norman in- 
vasion drove him to take refuge in Scotland 
an authentic charter and one of the earliest 
relating to the abbey of Holyrood makes it 
certain that the Scottish Living held lands in 
the reign of .\lexander I (1107-1124), where 
the present village of Livingston, Linlithgow- 
shire, now stands ; "that his son Thurstan, who 
between 1 128 and 1159 was one of the wit- 
nesses to a charter of Robert, Bishop of St. 
Andrews, confirming King David's grant to 
the monks of Holyrood, himself confirnis, in 
tlie charter alluded to above, his father Liv- 
ing's gift of the church of Livingston with 
half a carucate of land, and a toft, in free and 
perpetual alms to the same ab"bey." The name 
of Living's lands was written either in the 
Latin form of "Mlla Leving" or in the Saxon 
equivalent of "Levingstun," both meaning the 
dwelling-place or homestead of Leving. It 
was therefore simple enough when surnames 
did come into=use for his descendants to adopt 
theirs from the name of their territorial pos- 

( I) Rev. John Livingston, father of the im- 
migrant Robert, first "Lord of the Manor," 
was a Scotch clergyman of remarkable ability, 
a lineal descendant of the fifth Lord Living- 
ston, ancestor of the Earls of Linlithgow and 
Callendar. Rev. John was a preacher of the 
Reformed church in Scotland, a non-conform- 
ist who would yield nothing to those opposed 
to his views and convictions of ri^ht and 

righteousness ; and for this he suffered perse- 
cutions and ultimate banishment and fled to 
Holland, and died in Rotterdam in 1672, hav- 
ing made at least two unsuccessful attempts 
to emigrate to America. In writing of him as 
immediate ancestor of the founder of the 
family in America, Mrs. Schroeder says of 
Rev. John Livingston that he was the son of 
another well known covenanting minister, Rev. 
\Mlliam Livingston of Lanark, who acted as 
spokesman for his party in its welcome of the 
Marquis of Hamilton into Edinburgh as the 
king's commissioner in 1638. The Rev. Will- 
iam Livingston died in 1641. He again was 
the son of another Scotch minister, the Rev. 
.Alexander Livingston, of Monybroch (now 
Kilogth), and from some ancient family deeds 
now in possession of Sir Archibald Edmon- 
stone, of Duntreath, it is proved that he had 
been presented to this benefice as its first Re- 
formed minister by William, sixth Lord 
Livingston, previous to March 15, 1560-61, 
for on that date he executed a deed by which 
he feued half his glebe to another William 
Livingston. According to a statement by Rev. 
John Livingston, the father of Alexanrlef Liv- 
ingston, was "a son of the Lord Livingston, 
which house thereafter was dignified to the 
earls of Linlithgow," and was slain at "Pinkie 
Field anno Christi 1547." 

The Rev. John Livingston was ordained in 
Ireland by Bishop Andrew Knox, but was sus- 
pended by the bishop of Down for noncon- 
formity: but later he was restored to his eccle- 
siastical office. The Scottish bishops, however, 
gave him no peace, but informed against him 
with others for inciting the people against the 
ritual of the church. They all were tried and 
suspended and afterwards were restored, and 
during the period of suspension he took pas- 
sage for New England, but gave up the at- 
tempt. He married. June 23, 1635, Barbara, 
daughter of Bartholomew Fleming, merchant 
of Edinburgh. The young couple went to 
Ireland, where the husband was immediately 
deposed. Soon afterward he set sail for 
.■\merica in the ship "Eagle Wing," but after a 
tempestuous, voyage of several weeks the leak- 
ing vessel came to anchor in Loch Fergus, 
where the little band broke up and John Liv- 
ingston and his wife went to his mother's 
house at Irvine, Ireland. From there he went 
back into Scotland, from whence in 1694 he was 
sent by the Scotch parliament to treat with 
Charles I at The Hague for liberty and secu- 
rity of religion. Later Cromwell sent for him 
to settle religious matters, and still later on 



the accession of Charles I he was called before 
the Council of Edinburgh and with seven 
others was banished, in 1662. He then sailed 
for Holland and was followed by his wife and 
two children, four others of their children re- 
maining in Scotland. 

ill) Robert, first "lord of the manor." son 
of Rev. John Livingston, was born in 1654, 
and came to New York about 1675, two years 
after the death of his father, and when he 
hinaself was thirty years old. He settled at 
Albany, then a frontier post, where by reason 
of his knowledge of the French and Dutch 
languages, acquired while living in Holland, 
he soon received an appointment as secretary 
of the commandant and commissioners, who 
then constituted the governing power of the 
post. But, coming to the new country with 
little else than his education and remarkable 
quality of perseverance, he succeeded through 
many vicissitudes and much hardship in amass- 
ing a large fortune and also in acc|uiring a vast 
estate in lands amounting to one hundred and 
sixty thousand, two hundred and forty acres. 
That- his success should make him many ene- 
mies in the new country was only natural and 
he was forced to contend against many petty 
jealousies on the part of associates, and a 
standing feud with other proprietors who re- 
garded themselves less favored than he ; but 
.so often as these differences were .settled they 
broke forth again. But his political differ- 
ences need no full presentation here, although 
he held many important offices under the 
colonial government. Lo/d Belmont, writing 
to the Lords of Trade, referring to French in- 
trigues with the Five Nations, says "It falls 
out unluckily that Colonel Schuyler and Mr. 
Livingston, who are the men of best figure 
in Albany, and are the most popular with the 
I'ive Nations, and are the principal men in 
managing them and kee()ing them firm to our 
interests, arc at this time full of discontent, 
and not without reason, for both of them had- 
good estates, but by victualling the companies 
they are almost, if not quite, broke." 

Robert Livingston built flour mills and 
storehouses on his property and good dwell- 
ings for his tenants and offered many induce- 
ments to settlers. He was sent to the assem- 
bly and was sjjcaker of the house for seven 
years before his death. Mis important 
oflfice was that of secretary of Indian affairs, 
which had to do with the fur trade, and he 
held it for nearly fifty years. His son Philip 
was appointed in his place a few years before 
his de:itli. in 1728. He was secretary of In- 

dian affairs from 1675 to 1721, and mayor of 
Albany from 1710 to 1719. He married .\lyda 
(. Alicia ), widow of Rev. Nicholas Van Rens- 
selaer and daughter of Philip Schuyler. Their 
children and the dates of their baptism are as 
follows: I. Philipina Johamia, February 3, 
1684. 2. Philippus (Philip), July 25, 1686. 3. 
Robert, July 29, 1688. 4. Gysbert, March 5, 
1690. 5. William, March 20, 1692. 6. Johanna, 
Dceember 20, 1694. 7. Catrine, July 17, 1698. 
(HI) Colonel Philip, son of Robert and 
Alida (Schuyler-Van Rensselaer) Livingston, 
was born in Albany, July 25, 1686, died Feb- 
ruary 4, 1749. He succeeded his father as 
proprietor of Livingston Manor and also as 
incumbent of the several offices his father had 
held. In 1710 he served with the rank of 
colonel in the expedition that captured Port 
Royal, and after its reduction he made a jour- 
ney to Ouebec with a French officer as a bearer 
of dispatches. In October, 1725, he was ap- 
pointed member of the council, which ofifice 
he retained so long as he lived. In 1737 he 
was ap[)ointed commissioner to run the bound- 
ary line between New York, New Hampshire 
and Massachusetts. Colonel Livingston died 
in 1749, and his funeral is said to have cost 
five hundred pounds, which his widow de- 
clared "a most wasteful expenditure." Colonel 
Livingston was admitted to the bar in New 
York in 1719. He lived in Albany in his 
father's house at the comer of State and Pearl 
streets. He married, September 19, 1707, 
Catharina, daughter of Pieter \'an Brugh, of 
.Albany, and who was the mayor of that city 
in 1699, just two hundred and ten years ago. 
Pieter \'an Brugh was a son of Johannes \'an 
Brugge (or Verbrugge), a man of substance 
and who also was mayor of .Albany in 1658. 
Catharina \ an Brugh was a notable house- 
keeper and had been carefully trained in all 
the duties of maidens of her day. Her mar- 
riage chest, which contained all of her house- 
hold linen, is still in existence, and is men- 
tioned by Mrs. John King \'an Rensselaer in 
her admirable work "The Goede Vroew of 
Ma-a-ha-ta." Colonel Livingston's children, 
with date of baptism of each: i. Robert, De- 
cember 25, 1708. 2. Pieter f\'an P>rugh) 
November 3, 1710. 3. Pieter, .\|iril 20. 1712. 
4. Johainies, April 11. 1714. 5. Philippus, 
January, 1717. died June 12, 1778. 6. Hen- 
drick, ,\pril 5, 1719. 7. Sara, May 17, 1721, 
died young. 8. William. December 8, 1723. 
9. .Sara. November 7. 1725, married (General 
Lord Stirling. 10. .Alida, July 18, 1728. 11. 
Catharina, .A|)ril 15, 1733. 



(IV) Robert (2), son of Colonel Philip and 
Catharina (Van Brugh) Livingston, was born 
December 25, 1708, died in 1790. He was 
third and last lord of the manor, but had 
hardly come into possession of his vast estate 
before he began to be harrassed by the people 
of Massachusetts to such an extent that in 
1752 he laid his case before Governor Clinton, 
who presented the questions involved to the 
governor of Massachusetts, but without satis- 
factory settlement of the difficulty until many 
years afterward. The third proprietor was 
possessed of more than ordinary business ca- 
pacity and spared neither labor nor expense 
in the development of his property. Mills of 
various kinds were built, churches were 
erected and settlement was promoted in every 
way. Iron ore was found and works for its 
reduction were established at Ancram, but not- 
withstanding his remarkable energy the third 
proprietor did not live to see the end of the 
troubles which threatened his peace and vast 
possessions. He married, in New York, May 
20, 1731, Mary Tong (sometimes written 
Maria Thong). 

(V) John, son of Robert (2) and Mary 
(Tong) Livingston, married Mary LeRoy. 

(\'I ) Robert LeRoy, son of John and Mary 
(LeRoy) Livingston, married Anna Maria 
Digges, of Washington. 

(VII) Anna Maria, daughter of Robert 
Leroy and Anna Maria (Digges) Livingston, 
married John Livingston Rutgers (see Rut- 
gers \T ). 

The family name Prickitt is 
PRICKITT fond at an early date in Burl- 
ington county, and of course 
has relation to the New Jersey family of the 
generally accepted name of Prickitt, the latter 
being the family purposed to be treated in this 
place, and supposed to have descended from 
John Prickitt, of Gloucestershire, England, a 
"persecuted Friend," in 1660, who is men- 
tioned in the narrative entitled Besse's "Suf- 
ferings." There was a Josiah Prickitt, of 
Burlington, who was one of the founders of 
Cranberry in 1697, and of whom the "History 
of the Colony of New Jersey" (Barber and 
Howe, 1844) says "Cranberry is one of the 
oldest i>laces in this part of the state. It was 
settled about the year 1697 by Josiah Prickett, 
butcher, of Burlington. The following year 
he sold out to John Harrison of Flushing, 
Long Island." 

(I) Zackariah (or Zachariah) Prickitt. tlie 
earliest known ancestor of the family under 

consideration here of whom we have definite 
knowledge settled in Northamjiton, Burlington 
county, and is said to have brought with him 
a large property, which he invested in lands. 
His will bears date February 28, 1727, and 
was admitted to probate March 14, of the 
same year. The baptismal name of his wife 
was Ellipha, and so far as the records dis- 
close their children were as follows: i. John. 
2. Zackariah, married, 1721, Mary Troth. 3. 
Jacob, see post. 4. Elizabeth, married, 1723, 
John Peacock. 5. Hannah, married Philip 

(II) Jacob, son of Zackariah and Ellipha 
Prickitt, had a wife Hannah, who bore him 
eight children and who died 12 4mo. 1759, 
aged fifty-three years. Their children: i. 
Josiah, born 23 8mo. 1733, married Sarah 
Cowperthwaite. 2. Jacob, born 18 gmo. 1735, 
married Elizabeth Phillips. 3. Barzilla, born 
22 Qmo. 1737, married Sarah Sharp. 4. Ann, 
born 20 lomo. 1739, died 4 4mo. 1759. 5. 
Rosajmah, born 11 2mo. 1742. 6. Job, see 
post. 7. Hannah, born 26 6mo. 1746, married 
Amaziah Lippincott. 8. Sabyllah, born 24 
9mo. 1748. 

(III) Job, son of Jacob and Hannah Prick- 
itt, was born the 24th of 4th mo. 1744. and 
married Ann, daughter of Thomas and Eliza- 
beth Smith. Their children: i. Rachel, born 
5 iimo. 1770, married James Allen. 2. Sab- 
illah, born 9 9mo. 1772, died unmarried. 3. 
Josiah, bom 29 9mo. 1775, died young. 4. 
Job, born 9 7mo. 1777, married Ann Huff. 5. 
Josiah, see post. 6. Barzilla, born 20 2mo. 
1781, married Martha Haines. 7. Ann, born 
13 2mo. 1782, married Allen Joyce. 8. Zack- 
ariah, born 4 imo. 1784, married Agnes Sharp. 
9. Stacy, born 14 lomo. 1785, married Jane 
Conover. 10. John, born 28 5mo. 1787, mar- 
ried Jenetta Sharp. 11. Elizabeth, born 9 
7mo. 1789 died unmarried. 

(IV) Josiah, son of Job and Ann (Smith) 
Prickitt, was born near Medford, Burlington 
county. New Jersey, the 25th day of 2d mo. 
1779, and married Hannah (sometimes writ- 
ten Ann ) Sharp, daughter of Thomas and 
Esther (Brooks) Sharp. Josiah Prickitt lived 
in a house built for him at the time of his mar- 
riage and which stood on the highway about 
opposite to the house in which he was born. 
He died in 1859. His children : i. Amos, born 
I 3mo. 1805, died young. 2. Mary Ann, born 
27 1 1 mo. 1806. 3. Josiah J., born 10 6mo. 
1808. 4. Nathan, bom 18, 3mo. 1810. 5. 
Allen, born I 3mo. 1812. 6. Esther, born 24 
5mo. 1814. 7. Thomas, see post. 8. Sarah. 



bom 17 4010 1818. 9. Ezra, born i 3mo. 
1820. 10. Mark, born 7 7mo. 1822. 11. Eliz- 
abeth, born 5 gmo. 1824. 12. Lemuel J., born 
16 6mo. 1826. 13. Amos, bom 15 5mo. 1828. 
14. Edwin, born 20 8mo. 1831. 

(V) Thomas, son of Josiah and Hannah 
(Sharp) Prickitt, was bom near Red Lion, 
New Jersey, the 20th day of 6th month, 1816, 
died in 1870. He was given a good academic 
education and evidently embraced every op- 
portunity to improve his store of knowledge, 
for he always was looked upon as a very well- 
informed man. His chief occupation was 
farming and in this his business life was a 
success. He was a thorough practical farmer, 
a director of the Burlington Fair Association, 
a Republican in politics and a strict Friend. 
He married Ann Engle, born 1834, died 1899, 
daughter of Arthur and Elizabeth Engle (see 
Engle), and by her had seven children: i. 
Nathan, lives in Atlantic City. 2. Robert, 
lives in Mt. Holly. 3. Elmer D., see post. 4. 
Frank, business man and druggist, having 
.stores at Rryn Mawr and Rosemont, Penn- 
sylvania. 5. Mary, died young. 6. Elizabeth, 
died young. 7. William, died young. 

( \T ) Dr. Elmer Delaney, son of Thomas 
and Ann (Engle) Prickitt, was born in Lum- 
berton township, Burlington county. New Jer- 
sey, May 17, 1863, and after gaining a good 
education in public schools and the Friends' 
College, at Westtown, Pennsylvania, he taught 
schotil at Lumberton for one year. He then 
took a position as druggist's clerk and there 
laid the foundation of a thorough course at 
the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, from 
which he graduated in 1884. In 1886, after 
graduation, he went into the drug business in 
company with Dr. Rarrington, under the firm 
name of Prickitt & Barrington. This part- 
nership relation was maintained until 1893, 
when the firm was dissolved, and since that 
time Dr. Prickitt has carried on business alone. 
In the meantime, however, he had taken up 
the study of medicine and having grounded 
himself jjropcrly Dr. Prickitt matriculated at 
the Medico-Chirurgical College of Philadel- 
phia, made the course of the famous institu- 
tion and graduated with the degree M. D. in 
i8g8. Since that time he has practiced gen- 
eral medicine in Mt. Holly in connection with 
business ])ursuits as and pharmacist. 
He is a member of tlie .American Medical As- 
sociation, New Jersey State Medical Society, 
Burlington County Medical Society, member 
of the medical stafif of the Burlington County 

Hospital and has served three terms as physi- 
cian to the board of health of two townships. 
He is an active figure in Republican politics, 
but not an aspirant for political honors ; 
member of Mt. Holly Lodge, No. 14, F. and A. 
M., Mt. Holly Lodge. No. 848, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, a Knight of Pytluas 
and a Forester of America. In 1886 Dr. 
Prickitt married Eleanor, daughter of Nelson 
and Ellen (Deacon) Deacon. 

The Deacon family is made the subject of 
inf|uiry in these annals, but in this place we 
have two distinct lines of descent from a 
common ancestor. George Deacon (I), im- 
migrant, had a son John (II), who had a son 
Joseph (III), who liad a son John (IV), who 
had a son Nelson (V), whose daughter 
Eleanor (\ I) married Elmer Delaney Prick- 
itt. Again: George Deacon (I), immigrant, 
!iad a son John (H), who had a son Barzilla 
( HI), who had a son Barzilla (IV), w"ho had 
a .son Samuel (V), whose daughter Ellen 
(\T) married Nelson Deacon (V) and had a 
daughter Eleanor (VII) who married Dr. 

(The Engle Line). 

This surname appears prominently among 
the early settlers of New Jersey, and is found 
in Burlington county among the Friends who 
founded the earliest settlements in tlmt part 
of the colony. The family is of English an- 
cestry and from the time of the immigrant has 
been noted for the honest endeavor and up- 
right character of its representatives in all 
succeeding generations. 

( I ) Robert Engle. immigrant, with whom 
our [iresent narrative begins, came from Cam- 
bridgeshire England, and settled in Evesham 
townshi]!, liurlington county. He appears to 
have been a man of considerable enterprise and 
ac(|uired a goodly estate in lands and other 
property. He died in 1696, leaving a will 
which was executed shortly before his death 
and was admitted to probate during the same 
year. He married 4th of 5th month, 1684, 
Jane Home, who survived him and married 
23d of 9tli month, 1703, Henry Clifton, of 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Robert and Jane 
( Home) Engle had an only son John. 

(II) John, only son and child of Robert 
and Jane (Home) Engle. died in 1721. leaving 
a good estate, an upright life record, and a 
family of honorable children. He married 
Mary, daughter of Samuel atid Jane Ogborn, 
and by her had five children: i. Robert, see 
]M)st. 2. John, married Hannah Middleton. 



3. Man', married Nathaniel Lippincott. 4. 
Hannah, married Isaac Lippincott. 5. Jane, 
married John Turner. 

(III) Robert (2), eldest son and child of 
John and Mar\' (Oglx>rn) Engle, was born in 
Evesham township, Burlington county, New 
Jersey, in 1708, died there in 1774. He mar- 
ried, in 1728, Rachel "Tinicum, and by her 
had five children: i. Robert, born 29 3mo. 
1738. 2. Joseph, see post. 3. Abraham, born 
1744. 4. Rachel, born 26 4mo. 1746. 5. 

(IV) Joseph, son of Robert (2) and Rachel 
(Vinicum) Engle, was born in Evesham town- 
ship, Burlington county, New Jersey, the 24th 
day of 7th month, 1740. He married Mary 
Borton. born Evesham 3 6mo. 1737, and by her 
had nine children: I. John, born 16 Smo. 1761, 
died 18 lomo. 1823. 2. Obadiah, see post. 3. 
Aaron, born 6 iimo. 1764, died 1842. 4. 
Susanna, born 22 2mo. 1766, died 3^ 6mo. 
1838. 5. Phebe, born 7 2mo. 1769, died 12 
2mo. 1840. 6. Asa, born 7 iimo. 1770, died 
25 4mo. 1829. 7. Ann, born 15 3mo. 1774. 
8. Joseph, born 16 7mo. 1776, died 13 8mo. 
1856. 9. Rachel, born i 4mo. 1783, died 14 
2mo. 1883. 

(V) Obadiah, son of Joseph and Mary 
(Borton) Engle, was born in Evesham town- 
ship, Burlington county, the i6th day of 3d 
month, 1763, died the 12th day of 9th month, 
1843. He married Patience Coles, born 19th 
day of 1 2th month, 1771, and died 24th day 
of 4th month, 1844. They had ten children : i. 
Ann. born 17 4mo. 1795, died 21 8mo. 1797. 
2. Job, born 13 i2nio. 1796, died 9 lomo. 
1862. 3. Arthur, see post. 4. Aaron, born 6 
4mo. 1801, died 31 3mo. 1864. 5. Elizabeth, 
born 5 2mo. 1803, died 13 6mo. 1890; mar- 
ried Abel Moore, of Lumberton. 6. Mary, 
born 12 4mo. 1805, died 27 6mo. 1893. 7. 
Rachel, born 24 6mo. 1807, died 25 i2mo. 1888. 
8. Samuel, born 11 imo. 1810, died 27 41110. 
1858. 9. Sarah Ann, born 25 5mo. 1812, died 
24 4mo. 1879. 10. Nathan, born i lOmo. 1817, 
died at Washington in 1875. 

(\^I) Arthur, son of Obadiah and Pa- 
tience (Coles) Engle was born in Eve- 
sham township, March 9, 1799, and died 
there September 29, 1876. He married 
Elizabeth Engle, born April 25, 1802, 
died October 24, 1863, daughter of Robert and 
Mary (W'oolman) Engle. Their children were: 
I. Ezra, married Sarah Prickitt. 2. Enieline, 
married Josiah Prickitt. 3. Ann, born 1834, 
died 1899 ; married Thomas Prickitt, born 
1816, died 1870 (see Prickitt). 4. Mary, mar- 

ried Joseph Roberts. 5. Robert, married Jane 

(For preceding generations see Zacharian Prickitt 1). 

(V) Lemuel J. Prickitt, son 
PRICKITT of Josiah and Hannah (Ann) 

(Sharp) Prickitt, was born 
in Medford, New Jersey, June 16, 1826, and 
was a birthright Friend. He received his edu- 
cation in a Friends' school and was known as 
a man of upright character and good under- 
standing. In business life he was a farmer 
and lived on his farm until the time of his 
(loath, about 1875. In political preference he 
was a Republican. He married Elizabeth 
Haines, born in Salem county. New Jersey, 
and died in 1897. Children : Cooper Hancock, 
see post. Eva married Charles P. Darling, of 
Detroit, Michigan. 

(\I) Cooper Hancock, son of Lemuel J. 
and Elizabeth (Haines) Prickitt, was born in 
Medford, New Jersey, January 23, 1863, and 
received his education in public schools, the 
Friends' School at Easton, New Jersey, and 
at Bryant & Stratton's Business College in 
Philadelphia, graduating from the latter insti- 
tution in 1883. After leaving school he began 
his business career in a clerical capacity for 
the firm of William Mann & Company, manu- 
facturers of and wholesale dealers in blank 
books and stationery, and he is still connected 
with that firm, although for a number of years 
his duties have been those of assistant treas- 
urer of the company. Mr. Prickitt is not only 
a successful business man in connection with 
personal concerns and the management of the 
company of which he is assistant trea.surer, but 
also is something of a public man in that for 
many years he has been prominently identified 
with several of the leading institutions of 
Burlington. For the past eleven years he has 
been a member of the board of education of 
the. city and for nine years has been president 
of the board, serving in that capacity in 1909. 
In this connection it may be said that he was 
largely instrumental in securing the erection 
of the Lawrence school building in the city. 
He is a Republican in politics, a communicant 
in the Episcopal church, and secretary of the 
Church Club of the Diocese of New Jersey. 
He also stands high in Masonic and other fra- 
ternal organizations, and is past master of 
Burlington Lodge, No. 32. F. and A. M. ; past 
high priest of Boudinot Chapter, No. 3, R. A. 
M. ; past eminent commander of Helena Com- 
mandery, K. T.. of Burlington, and has fol- 
lowed up in the craft to the thirty-second de- 



gree, holding membership in Scottish Rite 
boilies. and also in Lu Lu Temple, A. 
A. (). X. M. S.. of Philadelphia. lie 
has also servefl as district deputy grand 
master of the M. W. Grand Lodge, F. 
and A. M., of New Jersey. He has also 
ser\'ed as member of the New Jersey Masonic 
Home committee having charge of the Ma- 
sonic Home at Burlington. Mr. Prickitt also 
is an Elk and a member of Oneida Boat Club, 
lie married, November 21. 1888, Sarah 
Howells, daughter of Dr. Jacob and Hannah 
(Toy) Phillips, and granddaughter of An- 
thony Pliilli]:)s, of \'incentown. blacksmith, 
will) married Clarissa Edmunds and had seven 
children: John, Theodore, Anthony, Eliza, 
Deborah, Clarissa and Jacob Phillips. Dr. 
Phiflijis was born in \ incentown, educated 
there, and for a time worked with his father 
as a blacksmith. Later on he studied for and 
became a practical dentist and settled for prac- 
tice in Burlington, where for many years he 
was a prominent figure in professional and 
business circles. He was an Odd Fellow, a 
Republican in politics and attended services at 
the Methodist Episcopal church. He married 
(first) Emeline Clark, and by her had two 
children: Thomas and Jacob Phillips; married 
( second ) Hannah Toy, daughter of Thomas 
and Elizabeth Toy, of Mt. Holly, and had four 
children: William, died young; Harry, a ma- 
chinist of Burlington ; Sarah Howells, married 
Cooper Hancock Prickitt ; Elizabeth, married 
William Hall, of Bristol, Bucks county, Penn- 
sylvania, who died in 1905, Mr. and Mrs. 
Prickitt have one child, Joseph Mann Prickitt. 

The rise of the people called 
SllRFA'E Quakers is among the most 
memorable events in the history 
of intellectual freedom. They proclaimed in- 
tellectual freedom to be an invaluable birth- 
right, due to man and not to be circumscribed 
by theological form or governmental policy. 
The Quaker doctrine was philosophy as here- 
tofore taught only in the cloister, the college 
and the salof>n, given freely to all seekers, even 
to the most despised ]3eople. "The Inner 
Light" was to be the rule and guide of life 
and that light was the voice of God in the 
soul, able to join the whole human race in 
unity of equal rights. The triumvirate of 
Quakerism, as far as it belongs to civil history. 
was intellectual freedom, the .suin-emacy of the 
mind, universal enfranchisement. 

In I-'ngland the Quaker was persecuted by 
the Established Church as well as by the Puri- 

tan ; by the peers and by the king as well as 
by the commoner, and even in New England 
and in the Dutch Colonies of the New Nether- 
lands, they were exposed to perpetual trials 
and dangers. In England they were whipped, 
kept in jails with felons and in dungeons out 
of reach of mankind or of God's sunshine ; 
they were fined, exiled and sold into bondage. 
When their meeting houses were burned or 
torn down, they gathered on the ashes and de- 
bris and continued worship. Armed men 
were unable to dissolve them and when threat- 
ened with being sinothered by earth, they stood 
close together "willing to have been buried 
alive witnessing for the Lord." On the re- 
turn of George Fox in 1674 from the pilgrim- 
age through the English colonies in America 
from Carolina to Rhode Island, Lord Berkley 
sold for a thousand pounds the moiety of New 
Jersey to John Fenwick in trust for Edward 
Bellinge and his assigns, to be a place of 
refuge and haven of rest for the despised 

In 1675 Fenwick with a large company in- 
cluding several families set sail in the "Griffin" 
for this "Asylum of Friends." The voyage 
was made across the .Atlantic to the Chesa- 
peake bay and up the Delaware river and land- 
ing was affected in a fertile spot and they 
called it Salem, for it seemed to them the 
dwelling place of peace. Desiring to preserve 
sufficient territory when they could institute 
a government, they effected an exchange with 
Carteret, who ownec] the other moiety of New 
Jersey, in .\ugust, 1676, by which they had 
contiguous lands on which they could be free 
from outside encroachment. The message 
sent them from the Quaker proprietors in 
England was as follows: "We lay a founda- 
tion for after ages to understand their liberty 
as christians and as men, that they may not be 
brought into bondage by their own consent ; 
for we put the power in the i)eople." 

In March, 1677, the charter or fundamental 
laws of West New Jersey were perfected and 
published and in that year Burlington was laid 
out and rude huts were built, being copied in 
construction from the Indian wigwams. Im- 
mediately after other English families Hocked 
to West New Jersey, carrying with them the 
good wishes of Charles II, and commissioners 
holding temporary jxnver accompanied them 
to administer aflfairs until a popular govern- 
ment could be instituted. The land was pur- 
chased from the Indians claiming ownership 
an<l the body of Quaker immigrants, aggre- 
gating four hundred souls, began to build 



Imnies and plant their farms. A huge sailcloth 
tent was their first meeting house and in 1678 
they were formally welcomed by Indian sa- 
chems gathered in council in the forest ad- 
jacent to the settlement and their message to 
the new settlers was : "You are our brothers 
and we will live like brothers with you. We 
will have a broad path for you and us to walk 
in. If an Englishman falls asleep in this path, 
the Indian shall pass him by and say : 'He is 
an Englishman ; he is asleep let him alone.' 
The path shall be plain. There shall not be 
a stump in it to hurt the feet." Thus the 
light of peace dawned on West New Jersey. 
In May. 1682, Burlington was made the cap- 
ital of the province, and in 1684 the assembly 
divided the province into four counties : 
llergen, Essex, Middlesex and Monmouth. 
Amid these surroundings the Shreve family is 
first found. Its religion and political creed 
was that of the Quakers. 

(I ) Thomas "Sheriff," as the name first ap- 
pears, is found in Plymouth, Massachusetts, 
in an action of trespass, December 7, 1641, and 
on December 10, 1666, he was a granter in 
a conveyance at Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 
where an inventory of his estate is filed, June 
II, 1675. He was probably born before 1620, 
and his wife Martha not later than 1635. His 
death occurred in Portsmouth, province of 
Rhode Island, May 29, 1675, and his widow 
married (second) Thomas Hazard and (third) 
Lewis Hues, who was found to have absconded 
with much of his wife's property and this 
caused her to transfer her remaining property 
to her son John by her first husband, Thomas 
Sheriff. Savage says that John Shreve, of 
Portsmouth, was the son of Thomas of Ply- 
mouth, but other authorities do not agree with 
him and we are led by these other authorities, 
who are personally connected with the Shreve 
famdy. to try find the .American progenitor 
elsewhere. To do this we have to depend on 
the family tradition for the existence of one 
Sir William Sheriff, who is said to have come 
from Greece or Turkey w'here the name of 
Sheriff is not uncommon and to have married 
Elizabeth Fairfa.x in England, and they had 
a son, William, who married a young lady in 
Amsterdam, Holland, by the name of Ora 
Ora. or Oara Oara, the daughter of a wealthy 
nobleman. After this marriage they came to 
Portsmouth. Rhode Island, where it is posi- 
tive they had John and Caleb and probably a 
third son, William, who left no issue. From 
an old deed still in the family, given by John 
Cooke, of Portsinouth in the Colony of Rhode 

Island, to John .Slireve of the same town, 
Cooke conveys three-fourths of all his right 
and property in Shrewsbury, New Jersey, to 
John Shreve. This deed is dated January 9, 
1676-77, and on the back is a transfer from 
the said John Shreve to his beloved brother, 
Caleb Shreve. Caleb Shreve also received 
warrants for land from the East New Jersey 
Proprietors as early as 1676, and as he must 
have been of age at that time we fix the approx- 
imate date of his birth as 1650-55. This 
would make the birth of Sir William, 1590, 
which tradition places at near the close of the 
sixteenth century, but this does not prove the 
l>arentage of John and Caleb Shreve. The chil- 
dren of Thomas and Martha Sheriff or Shreve, 
born in Portsmouth and little Compton, Rhode 
Island, were as follows: i. Thomas, September 

2, 1649. 2. Joltn, married Jane Havers, Au- 
gust, 1686: died October 14, 1739. 3. Caleb 
(q. v.). 4. Mary, married Joseph Sheffield, 
February 12, 1685; died after 1706. 5. Su- 
sannah, married a Thomas: died after 1714. 
6. Daniel, born in Little Compton, Rhode 

Island, married Jane , 1688: died 1737. 7. 

Elizabeth, married Edmund Carter and died 
childless, June 5, 1719. 8. Sarah, married 
John Moon; died June 24. 1732. In the 
second generation the name appears as Shreve. 

(II) Caleb, probably the third child and 
third son of Thomas and Martha Sheriff or 
Shreve. of Rhode Island Colony, was born 
about 1652, in Portsmouth, Rhode Island. He 
married Sarah Areson, daughter of Diedrich 
(or Deric) .A.reson, of Long Island, about 
1680, in Piurlington county. New Jersey, to 
which place he had removed from Rhode 
Island about 1699. His house was about 
seven miles east of the present site of Mt. 
Holly. .Vs his children went from the home- 
stead, he gave each a fine farm in Burlington 
county, where they continued to reside. He 
made his will, which was executed February 
28, 1740-41. at w'hich tiine his widow was 
living with her son Benjamin on the home- 
stead. The names of the children of Caleb 
and Sarah (.\reson) Shreve are as follows. 
The order of their birth cannot be determined 
with exactness. These children were: i. 
Martha, 168 — , married Benjamin Scatter- 
good, of Burlington county. New Jersey, in 
1704. They were married by the Friends' 
ceremony at Oiesterfield Meeting. 2. Thomas, 
t68 — , married Elizabeth Allison, May "16, 
171 1, at Burlington Meeting. He died in 
Burlington county. New Jersey, July, 1747. 

3. Joseph, 168 — , married Hope Harding by 



Friends ceremony at Burlington Meeting after 
July 3, 171 1. He died before 1757. 4- 
Joshua (q. v.)- 5- Caleb, 169 — , married 
(first) Mary Hunt, May 8, 1713, at Chester- 
field Meeting, and (second) Ann . He 

died 1746. 6. Mary, 169 — , married Isaac 
Gibbs, Jr., January 5, 1722, at Oiesterfield 
Meeting. 7. Sarah, 169 — , married John Og- 
borne, January 19, 1724, at Chesterfield Meet- 
ing. 8. Jonathan, 169 — , married Hannah 
Hunt, February 4, 1720, at Chesterfield Meet- 
ing. He died 1756. 9. David, 169 — , died 
after 1735. 10. Benjamin, June 9, 1706, mar- 
ried Rebecca French, February 23, 1729, at 
Springfield Meeting. 

(HI) Joshua, probably the fourth child and 
third son of Caleb and Sarah (Areson) 
Shreve, was born in Monmouth county. New 
Jersey, April 5, 1692. He was a minister of 
the fociety of Friends and was accustomed to 
make long journeys on horseback as far south 
as \'irginia and as far north as Massachu- 
setts, holding and attending meetings on his 
journeys going and returning. He lived in 
Springfield township adjoining Richard Stock- 
ton, and he gave to the Society of Friends 
four acres of land from his farm on which to 
erect a meeting house and prepare a graveyard. 
The meeting house was erected in 1739 and 
this date over the door in the brick wall is 
still discernable, the meeting house being still 
in use. The building is one-half mile from 
Wrightstown and is known as Upper Spring- 
field Meeting. Previous to its erection the 
Friends attended the Crosswicks Meeting. On 
May 6, 1749, Chesterfield Meeting granted him 
a certificate "to make a religious visit to the 
government of Pennsylvania, Maryland and 
Virginia," April 7, 1750, he procured a certifi- 
cate from Fairfax, Virginia, which was "to 

satisfaction." lie married Jane , but 

place, time or surname is not known. They 
had eight children, born in Springfield town- 
sliip, as follows: i. Mary, married a Curtis. 
2. Sarah, married Thomas Shreve, March i, 
1742. 3. Mercy, married Micajah Mathis, 
March 7, 1747; she died 1804. 4. Faith, mar- 
ried Israel Butler, January i, 1750. 5. James 
((|. v.). 6. Caleb, August 16, 1717, married 
Hannah Thorn, January 16, 1737. He died 
in Bedford county, Pennsylvania, February 8, 
1810. 7. Martha, married William Shinn 
Burlington, Novemlx-r 5, 1728. 8. Susannah, 
married John Beck, July i, 1737. 

(IV) James, probably eldest son and fifth 
child of Joshua and Jane Shreve, was born in 
Springfield township, Burlington county, New 

Jersey. He married Leah Davis, July i, 1737. 
Date of birth and date and place of death un- 
known. The child of James and Leah 
(Davis) Shreve was Joshua (q. v.). 

(V) Joshua (2), probably the only child of 
James and Leah (Davis) Shreve, married Re- 
becca, daughter of Joseph and Rebecca 
( Budd) Lamb, granddaughter of William and 
Elizaljeth ( Stockton) Budd, who were mar- 
ried in 1703 by Friends ceremony in the home 
of Richard Stockton, of Springfield, New 
Jersey; great-granddaughter of William Budd, 
who with three brothers came from England 
to Burlington county. New Jersey, in 1678. 
He was an extensive land owner. Rebecca 
Lamb was bom March 26, 1742, died Decem- 
ber g, 1800, while her husband, Joshua Shreve, 
died in 1 8 19 at an advanced age. The Spring- 
field Meeting Society records the names and 
dates of birth of their eight children as fol- 
lows: I. Gersom, October 6, 1761, died un- 
married while quite young. 2. Theodosia, 
April 28, 1766, married Joseph Earl, of Pem- 
berton, New Jersey. She died January 12, 
1848. 3. Alexander (q. v). 4. Leah, April 
8, 1 77 1, married Joseph Burr, and died in Vin- 
centown, New Jersey, when over eighty years 
of age. 5. Sarah, December 25, 1775, married 
George Holmes in 1801 and died April 7, 1847. 
6. James, March i, 1778, married Elizabeth 
Smith, December 29, 1808, and died at One- 
aneckon. New Jersey, October i, 1852. 7. 
Charles, April 7, 1781, married Rebecca Pit- 
man Cox in 1805, and died at Mt. Holly, New 
Jersey, December 11, 1815. 8. Rebecca, De- 
cember 3, 1785, married Isaac Hulme, of 
Hulmeville, Bristol, Pennsylvania, November 
6, 1806, and died in Bucks county, Pennsyl- 
vania, April 25, 1865. 

(VI) Alexander, second son and third child 
of Joshua (2) and Rebecca (Lamb) Shreve, 
was born at the homestead in Wrightstovra, 
New Jersey, March 3, 1769. He first engaged 
in trade in his native village, but later removed 
to Northampton tow'nship, Burlington county, 
where he was a farmer for seven years. Fie 
maiTied Mary, daughter of Taunton and Mary 
( Haines) Earl, and granddaughter of Charles 
Haines. She was born May 25, 1767, and 
with her husband were members of the Spring- 
field Meeting of the Society of Friends, whose 
records furnish authentic dates and names of 
their children cxcc])t the youngest. She died 
in 1843 and her husband December 4, 1854. 
Their children were seven in number and were 
born as follows: i. Joshua (q. v.). 2. Mary, 
April 19, 1795, died November 8, 1796. 3. 



Sarah, July 20, 1797, died umnarried. 4. 
Mary Ann, June 9, 1799, married Joseph K. 
Hulme, April 15, 1814, and died in Upper 
Spring'field, New Jersey, January 26, 1884. 
5. Taunton E., February 23. 1802, married 
Sarah T. Merritt. 6. Rebecca, September 5, 
1805. married Thomas Newbold. 7. Alexan- 
der, in Wrighlstown, New Jersey, October 2, 
1812. married Mary A. Levelers in the spring 
of 1873. 

(All) Joshua (3), eldest child of Alexan- 
der and Mary ( Earl ) Shreve, was born in 
Springfield township, Burlington county. New 
Jersey. March 25, 1793. He married Sus- 
anna Ridgeway, of Springfield, November 16, 

1814, and he died September 21, 1851. The ten 
children of Joshua and Susanna (Ridgeway) 
Shreve were born as follows : i. Charles Smith, 
\\Vightstown, New Jersey, September 30, 

1 81 5, married Mary Louise Josephine Ken- 
nedy, of Mobile, Alabama, January i, 1840, 
and died in Mobile, December 16, 1857. 2. 
Edwin, October 14, 1817, married Elizabeth 
\\'yckotif, of Monmouth, New Jersey, and died 
at Werd Millpoint, Mrginia, January 21, 1863. 
3. Barzillia Ridgeway (q. v.). 4. Joshua 
Burr, Northampton, New Jersey, April 25, 
1823, died August 6, 1826. 5. Alexander, Au- 
gust 9, 1825. married Edith Ann Ivins, Sep- 
tember 27, 1848, and died at Point of Rocks, 
A'irginia, September 12, 1864. 6. Joshua Earl, 
Deceniber 17, 1827, never married and died in 
San Francisco, California, October 9, 1871. 
7. Henry, July 8, 1831, never married, died at 
Red Wood City, California, about 1876. 8. 
.Susan Ridgeway, January 29. 1834, married 
Richard C. Ridgeway, of Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, December 13, 1866, and resided 
there. 9. Anna M., August 19, 1836, unmar- 
ried, resides in Philadelphia. 10. Richard 
Lott Ridgeway, April 4, 1840, married Mar- 
garet W'ebb, of Philadelphia, in 1861, died on 
the battlefield of Chancellorsville, Virginia, 
May 6, 1864. 

(VHI) Barzillia Ridgeway, third son and 
child of Joshua (3) and Susanna (Ridgeway) 
Shreve, was born in Northampton, New 
Jersey, August 20, 1820. He carried on a 
large stock farm in Pemberton township and 
made a specialty of breeding fine horses and 
cattle. He was a Democrat in politics, and a 
member of the Society of Friends by birth- 
right. He held important town offices and 
was a member of the United States Grange. 
He married Agnes Edith Haines, of Pem- 
berton, New Jersey. By this marriage he had 
seven children, as follows: i. John A. L., who 

married Louise Davis and died in 1870. 2. 
Mary Earl, who lives in Pemberton, New 
Jersey. 3. Edith Ella, who married Samuel 
Kirkbride Robbin, October 4, 1882, and lives 
in Morristown, New Jersey. 4. Charles 
Smith, who died unmarried about 1862. 5. 
Florence Murrell, who died unmarried in 1873. 
6. Sarah Coat, who married Edwin Rex 
Keisel, February 20, 1889, and lived in Phila- 
delphia, Peiuisylvania. 7. Thomas Coat (q. 
V. ) Barzillia Ridgeway Shreve died in Phila- 
delphia. F'cnnsylvania, December 12, 1893. 

(IX) Thomas Coat, third son and seventh 
and youngest child of Barzillia Ridgeway and 
Agnes Edith (Haines) Shreve, was born in 
Pemberton, New Jersey, September 23, i860. 
He was educated in the public schools and Mt. 
Holly Academy, and he worked from very 
early boyhood on his father's farm. On 
reaching his majority, his father turned the 
management of the farm with all its varied 
interests to him, which was an evidence of his 
actiuired skill as an agriculturist. Like his 
father he was a Democrat and he served in the 
board of taxation of the county of Burlington 
and on the township committee of his native 
town as well as being director on the school 
board for twenty-seven years. He was a 
member of the Grange and of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks Lodge, No. 
848, of Mt. Holly. He married, February 3, 
1892, Florence Eugenia, daughter of Jolui B. 
and Elizabeth \\'aln (Ridgeway) Deacon, and 
a descendant in the seventh generation from 
( I ) George, the immigrant through (H) John, 
(HI) George, (IV) John, (V) Thomas 
Eagad, (VL) John B., of Springfield town- 
ship. New Jersey. Thomas Coat and Florence 
Eugenia (Deacon) Shreve have children born 
as follows: Agnes Elizabeth, June 11, 1893; 
Amie R., October 13, 1905 ; Helen Deacon, 
July 27, 1908. 

This name is of undoubted Scotch 
ROSS origin, whether we find the name 

as immigrants to Holland, to the 
North of Ireland, or directly to the colonies 
or states of North America. When we find a 
family coming from Holland bearing this 
name, but have no definite data as to the na- 
tionality, we look into the business career of 
the known progenitor and by his trade or pro- 
fession determine the probability of liis na- 
tionality. In this case the subject is the son 
of a piano manufacturer, born in Holland, and 
the question naturally arises : Is he of Dutch 
origin ? The makers of pianos are to be found 



in all natit)ns. but skilled workmen at the trade 
have come largely from Scotland, as have the 
inventors of various parts of the pianoforte. 
It is noticeable that few come from France, or 
from other parts of the continent of Europe. 
Scotland has furnished a remarkable list of 
piano builders and inventors. James Stewart, 
the first partner of Jonas Chickering, we find 
to have been a Scotchman. Robert Stodart, 
to whom we owe the upright piano, and John 
and James Shudi Broadwood, eminent Lon- 
don manufacturers, were Scotchmen, who 
went to London to manufacture the piano- 
forte. Francis Melville, inventor of metallic 
tubular bracing for use in the construction of 
the piano-forte, was also a Scotchman, and Dr. 
Hopkinson, of Philadelphia, an Edinburgh 
graduate in medicine, made the first piano, or 
harpsichord, as it was called, with an iron 
frame. Then the name Campbell is promi- 
nently connected with the sale of the piano- 
forte in New '^'ork City in the early days of 
the use of that instrument. 

That a Ross, a native of Scotland, should 
be found in Amsterdam, Holland, in 1800, who 
was skilled in the manufacture of the piano- 
forte, is no cause of wonderment and there is 
no reason to c|uestion his nationality. In 
America, we find the rule applies universally 
and in tracing the genealogy of a Ross, we 
naturally turn to Scotland and not to Holland 
as the fatherland. The Rosses of Scotland 
have furnished to America notable men of the 
past as well as shining examples of the pres- 
ent. Of the past we have: George Ross 
(1730-1779), clergyman; lawyer; delegate to 
congress; judge of the court of admiralty 
and signer of the Declaration of Independence. 
Jack Ferrill Ross (1791-1837), pioneer finan- 
cier of Alabama; officer in the United States 
army, 1813-17; territorial and state treasurer 
of Alabama, 1818-22: sherifif of Mobile county 
and an Alabama legislator. James Ross 
(1762-1847), United States senator from 
Pennsylvania, 1794-1803; attorney for George 
W'ashington, in charge of his estate in Penn- 
sylvania ; twice the defeated candidate for gov- 
ernor of Pennsylvania. John Ross (T770- 
1834). husband of Mary (Jenkins) Ross, who 
made and presented the "Stars and Stripes," 
which became the national flag, to General 
W'ashington in Philadeliihia in 1777, and who 
was himself a lawyer in Easton, Pennsylvania : 
representative in the United States congress, 
1809-18 ; presiding judge of the seventh district 
of Pennsylvania. 1818-30, and judge of the 
supreme court of the state, 1830-34. Jonathan 

Ross (1826-1905), teacher, lawyer, legislator, 
educator, judge and chief justice of the state 
supreme court of \'ermont. United States sen- 
ator and chairman of the state railroad com- 
mission of Vermont. Lawrence Sullivan Ross 
( 1838-1898), Indian fighter; general in the 
Confederate army; member of the Texas state 
constitutional convention, 1875 • state senator, 
1881-86; governor of Texas, 1887-91. Leonard 
Fuller Ross ( 1823-1901 ), soldier in the Mexi- 
can war ; brigadier-general in the civil war, 
1861-65; delegate from Illinois to the Demo- 
cratic national conventions of 1852-56 and of 
the Republican national convention of 1872. 
Lewis W'inans Ross (1812-1895), lawyer; 
state representative ; delegate to the state consti- 
tutional conventions of Illinois, 1861 and 1870, 
and Democratic representative from Illinois in 
the thirty-eighth, thirty-ninth and fortieth con- 
gresses, 1863-69. William Henry Harrison 
Ross ( 1814-1887), colonel of calvary regiment 
in Mexican war ; delegate from Delaware to 
Democratic national conventions of 1844-48- 
56-60, and governor of Delaware, 1851-55. 

(I) John Ross, son of a piano manufacturer 
in Amsterdam, Holland, and probably a native 
of Scotland or descended of Scotch ancestors, 
was born in Amsterdam, Holland, about 1805, 
and immigrated to America when a boy in 
company with an uncle, landing in New York 
City. He found a home and employment with 
Dr. Campfield, of Ameystown, New Jersey, 
where he cared for the horses, worked in the 
garden and did all sorts of chores incident to 
the home of a country doctor. He next went 
to Ilurlington county. New Jersey, where he 
became an ajiprentice to a wheelwright by the 
name of Morton, and on being discharged 
from his apprenticeship he engaged in the 
wheelwright business at Newbald's Corner, 
New Jersey, for several years. He next 
located in \'incentown, P.urlington county. New 
Jersey, where he established a wheelwright's 
shop and he continued in that place and busi- 
ness up to near the time of his death at the 
probable age of eighty-three years, in 1888. 
He had thus spent a long, active, as well as 
useful life in that town and helped in its growth 
and development. He was a director in the 
\'inccntown National P>ank for a number of 
years. He married, 1845, Maria, daughter of 
William and Mary (Woolston) Bishop, and 
they had three children born in X'incentown. as 
follows: I. Samuel Oregon, born 1846; died 
n)o8. He was brought uj) and educated in his 
native place, and on leaving school obtained a 
place in the \'inccntown Bank, of which his 



father was a director, and he remained in the 
employ of the bank, passing through the grades 
of messenger, clerk, teller and cashier, and 
after forty years of continuous service he died 
while holding the position of cashier. Samuel 

0. Ross married Beulah W'., daughter of 

Budd, of Buddtown, Xew Jersey, and they 
had one child, William Bishop, born Novem- 
ber, 1870, who succeeded his father as cashier 
of the Vincentown National Bank. William 
Bishop Ross married Mary Lippincott, daugh- 
ter of Richard Xesbit. 2. Mary, born 1848; 
married Rev. Harr}' Tratt, and they resided 
in Riverside, California, where a daughter, 
Ida Tratt, was born. 3. Thomas Woolston 
(q. v.). John Ross, the father of these chil- 

■ dren died in Mncentown, New Jersey, 1888. 
(II) Thomas Woolston, second son and 
youngest of the three children of John and 
Maria (Woolston) Ross, was born in Vin- 
centown, Burlington county, New Jersey, July 

1, 1851. Me attended the public school and 
academy at Xincentown and learned the trade 
of wheelwright in his father's shop, beginning 
his apprenticeship when he was fifteen years 
old, in 1866, and he continued as an apprentice 
and journejinan up to 1882, when he engaged 
in the same line of business on his own account 
with excellent results. He continued the per- 
sonal supervision of the business there estab- 
lished up to 1898, when he retired to assume 
the duties of postmaster of Mncentown, having 
been appointed to that office by President Mc- 
Kinley, with every assurance in 1909 that the 
]josition was a life tenure if he did not volun- 
tarily resign. He was always active in town 
afifairs and in the councils of the Republican 
party. He served in the board of registration 
for five years and holds the position of director 
of the water board of Mncentown. He is a 
member of the Baptist church and served as 
clerk and treasurer of the society. His fraternal 
affiiliation was with the Order of American 
Mechanics, in which organization he was in 
high esteem. He married, February, 1872, 
Cornelia H., daughter of Charles and Martha 
(Loveland) Haines, of \'incentown, and they 
had two children, as follows: i. Frank B., 
born in \'incentown, December 22. 1873; a 
pujiil in the public schools ; a graduate at the 
College of Pharmacy, Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1893, and he practiced his profession 
in the drug store of Frank S. Hilliard in Vin- 
centown for four years, when he resigned to 
take a similar position in a more extensive 
drug store in Camden, New Jersey. Here he 
was in charge of the prescription and com- 


pounding departnaent and subsequently in one 
at Chester, Pennsylvania. In 1896 he estab- 
lished the drug business on his own account at 
Fifty-fourth and Pearl streets, Philadelphia, 
and made it known as the "Pearl Pharmacy," 
under which trade mark he built up a large 
business. He established a second drug store 
at Fifty-second and Haverford streets, in 1900, 
to which he thereafter gave his personal ser- 
vices. Frank B. Ross married Grace, daugh- 
ter of Frank S. Hilliard, of Vincentown, who 
died leaving a son, Donald Ross. 2. Charles 
H., born in X'incentown, October, 1886, attend- 
ed the public schools at X'incentown, and 
Pierce's Business College, Philadelphia, where 
he was grarduated in 1906. From the business 
college he went to the wholesale store of L. D. 
Burger, of Philadelphia, where he was made 
head bookkeeper and placed in charge of the 
finances of the establishment. 

In writing of the origin and signifi- 
BL'DD cation of the surname Budd, one 
investigator of the early history of 
this family, himself a Budd, says "that statisti- 
cal facts and definitions of English from trans- 
lations prove that the name has origin from 
'bud,' to increase into beauty and fragrance, 
and grow into good fruit, and fruitfulness, and 
as 'buds' must have existed in the garden of 
Eden, to bring forth fruit, and the fruit thus 
grown, and eaten by Adam and Eve, gives the 
combinations of the name a force which has 
ever influenced the race of Adam from the 
beginning. It is therefore very natural that 
we find the name of prominence among the 
Asiatic races, the Mongolians and the Hindoos 
as well as among the most enlightened nations 
of the world. In the early days of the Franks 
and the Gallic races and the formation of Nor- 
mandy and the French empire, Jean Budd, a 
baron of influence, took an active part, his de- 
scendants held positions of political and relig- 
ious influence and were possessors of wealth, 
and in some one of the political and religious 
strifes for which the Norman and French 
people are noted in history, three of the Budd 
brothers took up the cause of the then weak side 
in the defence of freedom and religious liberty. 
Their relations with their forces in power 
crushed this effort and persecutions com- 
menced. They, to save their heads being taken 
off by the battle-axe of the executioner, escaped 
to Normandy and with William the Conqueror 
landed successfidly with their families in Eng- 
land. In Normandy and England they breathed 
freer and after a time recovered losses, taking 



a part in the relations of the government and 
progressive pursuits. Their children married 
and intermarried and according to information 
from different sources, one Thomas Budd or 
John Budd married the sister of a subsequent 
occupant of the throne and became a prominent 
member of the Church of England. They had 
a number of children who as they grew up 
were fond of adventure, activity and change. 
John Budd, the elder, and Joseph Budd came 
to this country about the year 1632." 

( [) Rev. Thomas Budd, father of the immi- 
grant brothers, figures as the immediate an- 
cestor of the Burlington, New Jersey, Budds. 
He was rector of Martosh parish in Somerset- 
shire and renounced his living there to become 
a member of the Society of Friends and a 
minister among them. In 1661 he was required 
to take an oath of obedience untler the statutes 
prescribed by James I., "for the better discover- 
ing of papist recreants," but while he was will- 
ing to "affirm" he refused to be sworn, and for 
this offense against the dignity of the crown he 
was indicted, adjudged guilty, and languished 
out his few remaining years of life in prison; 
he died there June 22, 1670, still firm in the 
faith unto which he had declared himself. His 
sons were Thomas, William, Joiin and James. 

(H) Thomas (2), eldest of the sons of Rev. 
Thomas (i) Budd, was born in England and 
first came to this country in 1668. Subse- 
quently he returned to England and in 1678 
brought over his family. In later years he 
became one of the principal characters in the 
early history of the colony of New Jersey. 
When the first form of government was estab- 
lished he was one of those selected to assist 
the governor in framing a code of laws for 
the maintenance of order. He entered into 
mercantile business in Burlington, lived there 
until 1690, then removed to Philadelphia and 
was a merchant in that city until his death in 
1697. His will bears date September 9, 1697, 
and bequeaths to his sons John and Thomas 
and his daughters Mary and Rose, leaving his 
eldest son John and his widow Susannah 
executor and executrix of his estate. 

(II) William, son of Rev. Thomas (i) 
Budd, was born in England and came to New 
Jersey in 1678. with his eldest brother Thomas, 
and his other brothers John and James, and 
their families. He located and became pos- 
sessed of large tracts of land in West Jersey, 
largely in I'urlington county, where he always 
lived. 1 Ic and his brother Thomas were the 
original locators and proprietors of all the 

land included in the township of Pemberton 
anil east and west thereof for two or three 
miles, and from them most of the titles were 
devised. Their lands extended from the ridge 
of hills known as Juliustown and Arney's 
Mount, several miles wide in a southerly direc- 
tion to the north branch of Rancocas creek. 
Although one of the original proprietors of a 
considerable tract of land in West Jersey, 
William Budd appears less conspicuously in 
the early history of the region than his brother 
Thomas by reason of the fact that he took 
small part in the political affairs of the colony, 
preferring the more quiet and to liim for more 
congenial pursuit of farming. Besides this he 
differed with- his brothers in religious views, 
and if he ever in part accepted the faith of his 
father and other members of the family he 
must have renounced it in favor of that of the 
Protestant Episcopal church. W'hile the name 
of his brothers Thomas, John and James ap- 
pear frequently in the records of the Friends' 
meetings in Burlington, his name appears there 
only once, and that a mention of his voluntary 
subscription to the fund for building a new 
meeting house at Burlington in 1682. In the 
records of St. Mary's Protestant Episcopal 
Church at Burlington is found mention of the 
baptism of the children of William Budd. In 
his will he left a benefaction to the church, in 
wliich he appears to have been a communicant 
only for a short time. His will bears date 
March i, 1707-08, and is recorded in Trenton. 
The baptismal name of his wife was .Xnn, but 
her family name is unknown. She died in 
1722. having borne her husband seven chil- 
dren: I. William, 1680; see post. 2. John, 
married Hannah Wilson. 3. Thomas, married 
Deborah Langstaff'. 4. Susanna, married 
Samuel Woolston. 5. .-Xnu, married James 
Bingham. 6. James, married Sarah Tyndall. 
7. Sarah. 

(HI) William (2), eldest son and child 
of William (i) and Ann Budd, was born in 
Northampton township, Burlington county, 
New Jersey, in 1680, died after November 11, 
1725, the date of his will. He was born, lived 
and died on the original farm on which his 
father settled, having inherited the same ; and 
he inherited also in a marked degree the char- 
acteristics of his father, and led a quiet 
domestic life at the old home on .\rney's mount. 
He was perhajis the most prolific of any of the 
Budds of Burlington county, having nine chil- 
dren, and it is said that more than one half of 
all the persons buried in the old Methodist 




graveyard at Pemberton are his descendants. 
On December 2, 1703, William Budd married 
Eliza, daughter of Richard Stockton, of 
Springfield, New Jersey. Their nine children 
were Thomas, see post ; William, David, Sus- 
annah, Rebecca, Abigail, Elizabeth, Ann and 

(IV) Thomas (3), son of William (2) and 
Eliza (Stockton) Budd, was born on the old 
homestead at Arney's Mount in 1708, died 
December 15, 1775. He too became well pos- 
sessed of lands and owned a heavily timbered 
tract of land, whereon he built a saw mill and 
engaged in extensive lumber operations. He 
not only conceived the idea of erecting the 
mill and developing the resources of the region, 
but as well he caused to be built a number of 
dwelling houses for his employees and thus 
founded Buddtown, named in allusion to the 
enterprising founder of the village settlement. 
The little settlement soon became a prosperous 
center of trade, with its saw, grist and turning 
mills, wheelwright, blacksmith and cabinet- 
makers' shops, two taverns, three stores and 
all the other essential elements of a small munic- 
ipality. Thomas Budd was one of the most 
enterprising men of the township in his time 
and was known for his many sterling qualities 
and upright character. He made his will July 
20, 1775, and died in December following, aged 

■ sixty-seven years. His wife, Jemima (Leeds) 
Budd, who died July 17, 1768, was daughter of 
Philo Leeds, and by her he had nine children : 

1. Philo, born December 14, 1736; died young. 

2. Anthony, September 27, 1739; died young. 

3. Thomas, December 5, 1741, died young. 4. 
Thomas, .August 3, 1744; died 1766. 5. Isaiah, 
Alarch 13, 1747. 6. Lavinia, April 2, 1749; 
died 1838. 7. Ann, July 20, 1751. 8. Isaac, 
May 19, 1754; see post. 9. Joseph, October, 

(V) Isaac, son of Thomas (3) and Jemima 
(Leeds) Budd, was born in Easthampton town- 
ship, Burlington county, May IQ, 1754, died in 
1823. He was a farmer by principal occupa- 
tion, and like his father was an enterprising 
and successful business man. He married 
(first) Ruth Woolston, and after her death he 
married Ann King. He had tliree children by 
his first and seven by his second wife: i. 
Lydia. 2. Thomas. 3. Jemima, married Rev. 
Solomon Sharp. 4. Isaac, see post. 5. Sam- 
uel K. 6. John F. 7. Theodosia. 8. Ruth. 
9. Sarah Ann. 10. Stacy W. 

(VI) Isaac (2), son of Isaac (i) and Ann 
(King) Budd, was born in Pemberton, New 

Jersey, June 6, 1788, died in 1845. His father 
gave him a good farm and his business life was 
devoted to agricultural pursuits. He was a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and in politics a Democrat. Mr. Budd mar- 
ried (first) Mary Ann Hayes, by whom he 
had six children. He married (second) Ann 
Briggs, born 1791, died November i, 1859, 
daughter of George Briggs, and by whom he 
had three children. His children:, i. William 
IL, married Eliza Haines; one child, Michael. 
2. Rebecca Ann, born May 18, 1815 ; died June 
30, 1820. 3. Ellen M., died September 26, 
1852, aged thirty-seven years. 4. Margaret, 
born February 7, 1818; married William S. 
Fort. 5. Michael, born December 5, 1819; died 
in Ottawa, Illinois, June 6, 1871. 6. Mary- 
Ann, died aged twenty-two years. Children 
by second wife: 7. Alfred, born 1829; killed 
by an accident in Pemberton, December 24, 
1889. 8. Isaac Henry, born March 21, 1831 ; 
died in Portsmouth, Iowa, December, 1892. 9. 
Theodore, see post. 

(VII) Theodore, youngest son and child of 
Isaac (2) Budd, was born in Southampton 
township, November 7, 1833. He received his 
earlier literary education in public schools, 
then attended the Pennington Seminary, but 
was compelled by ill health to leave before the 
completion of his course. He then turned to 
farming pursuits, in which direction he has 
been abundantly successful, having been a large 
grower of cranberries for forty-five years, 
during which time he has probably cleared and 
made productive more swamp land than any 
other man in the state of New Jersey. He was 
one of the pioneer cranberry growers of the 
state. He conducted the business of cranberry 
culture with his usual energy, and when success 
was achieved he divided his realty with liis two 
sons, thus securing their interest and co-opera- 
tion in the management of a large estate. Mr. 
Budd is also interested in public affairs and 
has been chosen to serve in various official 
capacities, such as freeholder, member of the 
township committee and member of the house 
of assembly, having held the latter office during 
four years. He was one of the incorporators 
and first president of the Pemberton National 
Bank, serving in the capacity of president at 
the present time. He is also vice-president of 
the Alt. Holly Safe Deposit & Trust Company. 
In 1856 Theodore Budd married Achsah, 
daughter of Thomas and Beulah Edmands, of 
Buddtown. Children: i. Isaac Watson, see 
post. 2. Clifford E., see post. 



(\'1II) Isaac Watson, eldest son of Theo- 
dore liudd, was born in Southampton township, 
JUirHngton county, Xew Jersey, January 8, 
1858. lie received his education in tlie schools 
of'Pemberton and the South Jersey Institute 
at I'.ridgeton. In 1878 he went to Illinois, 
locating at Crescent City, Iroquois county, 
where he engaged in mercantile business until 
January, 1902, when he returned to Pemberton, 
New Jersey-, and engaged in cranl>erry grow- 
ing, which line of work he has since followed. 
He is a director of the Pemberton National 
r.ank. He married (first) June 22, 1880, Ida 
E. Barber, of Crescent City, Illionis ; she died 
June 6, 1889. Married (second) January 12, 
1892, Alma Grace Cast, of Crescent City, Illi- 
nois. Children of first wife: I. Homer T., 
born February 19, 1882: died in Pemberton, 
luly 10, 1891. 2. Bernice, born November 17, 
1S83; married Charles Brook Wallace, of 
Moorestown, New Jersey ; one child, Charles 
Brook Wallace, Jr. 3. Harriet, born June 14, 
1885; married Horace Johnson: one child, 
Robert. 4. Ada, born October 3, 1886; died 
Julv 1, i88q. Child of second wife: Gladys, 
i)()rn June 22, 1893. 

( \l 1 1 I Cliff'ord E., second son of Theodore 
Budd, was born in Southampton township, 
Burlington county. New Jersey, February 26, 
1 86 1. When eight years of age his parents re- 
moved to Pemberton where he was reared. He 
attended the schools of Pemberton and Hights- 
town. New Jersey. He resided with his father 
until his marriage, after which he settled on 
the farm where he was born and engaged in 
agricultural ])ursuits, making cranberry grow- 
ing a s])ecialty, in which line he has been highly 
successful. He resided on the farm until 1894, 
when he removed to Pemberton and now (jccu- 
])ies one of the finest houses there. He was 
for a number of years a director of the 
l'"armers' National Bank of Mt. Holly, and 
since the organization of the Pemberton Na- 
tional I'.ank has served as vice-president and 
director, lie is a member of Central Lodge, 
No. 44, .\. !•'. and .A. M., of Vincentown. He 
is independent in politics. He married, Febru- 
ary 2, 1887, Emma Hilton, born near Hartford, 
New Jersey, January 6, i860, daughter of 
Joseph and tlaimah (Lippencott) Hilton. 
Children: i. Helen, born October 27, 1887, 
died aged fifteen months. 2. Theodore H., 
born September 28, 1889: graduate of the 
Pcnn Charter School, of Philadelphia, class 
of 1909. 3. Ethel, born Feljruary 13, 1891. 
4. J. Norman, liorn November 18, 1899; died 
August 18, 1903. 

The anti(|uary finds in the Isle 
K.MGHN of Alan, in the Irish Sea, and 

only si.xteen nriles from the 
mainland of Scotland much of interest that 
dates back to times when names, deed.s, and 
even legends are unrecorded or mean but little 
to the present generation. On this little island 
but little more than twelve miles in breadth 
and thirty-three miles in length are well pre- 
served today ; Castle Rushen, probably the 
most perfect building of its date e.xtant, found- 
ed by Gothard, son of King Orry in 947, and 
near are the ruins of Rushen Abbey, pictur- 
esquely situated and dating from 11 54. Besides 
these are numerous so-called Druidical remains 
and Runic monuments scattered through the 
island. To the painter the coast scenery from 
Manghold head on the east, passing south to 
I'eel on the west, bold and picturesque views 
present their temptations to the artist to stop 
and study and imitate. Especially will he be 
enchanted as he reaches the neighborhood of 
the Golf, where Spanish head, the south ex- 
tremity of the island presents a sea front of 
extreme grandeur. Here is a county unique 
in liisturv as well as in its grandeur of scenery 
and well preserved ruins. Here the Welsh 
kings ruled from the si.xth century until the 
end of the ninth century, when Harold llaar- 
feger, the Norwegian adventurer, invaded and 
dethroned the Welsh Kingdom. Tradition 
tells of Orry the Dane effecting a landing in 
the beginning of the tenth century, and being 
adopted by the inhabitants as their king. He 
is rejiuted to have been the founder of that 
excellent and long sustained Manx Constitu- 
tion still in force on the island. Next come a 
line of Scandinavian kings only broken by 
Magnus of Norway when he ceded his right 
in the island and in the Hebrides to Alexander 
III. of Scotland in 1266. At the close of Alex- 
ander's life the Manx placed them.selves imder 
the protection of Edward I. of England, and 
since that time they have had a constitution 
and government of their own and a degree of 
independence of imperial rule. The island has 
its own Man.x church, its own canons and an 
inde]iendent convix^ation. It has (iroduced 
learned men and industrious and worthy immi- 
grants who have carried with them sound ideas 
of religious and political freedom. The name 
Cain. Cainc and Kaighn are truly Manx names, 
and besides Hall Caine have others of the 
name entitled to recognition. 

( 1 ) John Kaighn. also written Kaighin and 
Kaighan, came to .'\merica from the Isle of 
Man. I'.ngland, before 1688. He apparently 



came as a bound apprentice to a carpenter of 
the name of Thomas Warne^ and landed in 
New York and completed his term of indenture 
in Perth Amboy, Monmouth county, East New- 
Jersey. The Archives of New Jersey give 
him as living at the Spottswood's Aliddle 
Brook, November 4, 1687, and on July 2, 1688, 
as patentee of one hundred and forty-five acres 
of land at Spottswood. South Brook, then un- 
apjiropriatetl land to be taken out of Thomas 
\Varne's property in Monmouth county, de- 
scribing the patentee as "John Kaighen late 
apprentice to Thomas Warne of Monmouth 
county, East Jersey," and again on July 7, 
1688. "John Kaighin late of Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, made deed to Robert Ray of same 
county 145 acres at Spottswood South Brook." 
The next record is made in Gloucester county, 
West Jersey, made September 20-21, 1686, 
when Samuel Norris conveyed to Robert 
Farmer a tract comprising two-sevenths of a 
propriety granted by the trustees of Edward 
Byllinge, situated in Gloucester county, and 
surveyed by Samuel Norris in May, 1685, 
lying and being on the east bank of the Dela- 
ware river and secured by John Kaighn 
through various purchases made by him from 
divers owners or lessees between 1695 and 
1725 until Kaighn owned and possessed a large 
area comprising several hundred acres one 
purchase made and deed secured December 14, 
1696, of four hundred and fifty-nine acres and 
thereafter known as Kaighns Point and now 
the site of the city of Camden. We find John 
Kaighn in Byfield, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
working at his trade of carpenter when these 
purchases and sales were made, and he prob- 
ably lived in Bybury. 1688-96. A grist mill 
was established on the Newton township tract 
and he took possession and built a house 
thereon. He was married, 1693, to Ann, 
daughter of William Albertson, of Newton 
township, Gloucester county. West New Jersey, 
and widow of Walter Forrest, of Bybury, 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, a miller by trade 
and occupation. John and Ann (Albertson) 
(F"orrest) Kaighn had one child .Ann, born in 
Bybury, June 24, 1694. The mother died July 
6, 1694, and the daughter died unmarried in 
1715, according to a will executed October 22, 
1715, of "Ann (Cain) Kaighn, daughter of 
John of Gloucester county., bequeathing lands, 
lots, house, &c. to her father, John Kaighn, 
and after his death to brothers Jolin and Joseph 
Kaighn." John Kaighn, the father, was exec- 
utor of the will which was proved November 
27, 1720. 

John Kaighn executed a deed June 18, 1685, 
to John Vance near Salem, West Jersey, miller, 
for three hundred acres near Salem, also a 
grist mill on Great Mill Creek. In this deed 
he is described as "John Kaighn of Byfield, 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, late husband of 
Ann, formerly widow of Walter Fforrest of 
the same place, miller; and guardian trustee of 
his daughter by said Ann: Ann Kaighin." This 
property was deeded by John Vance of 
Brothers Forest, Salem county, March 26, 
1 70 1, to Thomas Killingsworth, of Salem 
Town, gentleman, being the property bought 
of John Kaighin, &c. &c. In 1696 John Kaighn 
married as his second wife Sarah, widow of 
.Andrew Griscom, and sister of John Dale, who 
lived in Newton township. Andrew Griscom 
(lied possessed of a tract of land adjoining that 
lately purchased by John Kaighn which was 
also a part of the Norris survey, and in 1723 
this propertv stood in the name of John Kaighn. 
Me built a house on his purchase in Newton 
township, \\'est Jersey, and it still stands in 
Camden. By this second marriage John Kaighn 
became the father of two sons: i. John (2), 
born December 30, 1700. 2. Joseph, born De- 
cember 4, 1702.. The mother of these two chil- 
dren died soon after the birth of Joseph, and 
in 1710 he married Elizabeth Hill, of Burling- 
ton, Burlington county. New Jersey, who had 
no issue. Through a letter addressed "To 
John Kaighn, Linener, in West New Jersey, 
nigh on Delaware river side opposite to Phila- 
delphia City America" his mother, Jane Kaighn, 
then living at Kirk, Isle of Man, under date 
August 26, 1702, informed him of the death 
of his father and gave other family news. 
On the same sheet John Kaighn wrote prob- 
ably the unfinished copy of the letter he sent 
in reply to which he stated that he had : "lost 
two good and loveing wives in a few years' 
time and had been left alone with two young 
babes the youngest still at nurse." He was 
made by legislative action one of the county 
judges of Gloucester county in 1699, and he 
served on the bench for three years. On 
March 7, 1708, the Newton Meeting made him 
a mcml>er of tlie board of trustees of the meet- 
ing, and in 17 10 he was sent to Trenton as a 
representative in the state legislature. On 
March 3, 1723-24, John Kaiglin, of Newton 
township, Gloucester county. New Jersey, made 
his will in which he names his wife Elizabeth 
and sons John and Joseph, leaving his house 
and lot in Philadelphia to his widow and his 
real estate in Newton township to his two 
sons. His will was found June 12, 1724, and 



his personal property inventoried at £76-13, 
the inventory being made at the house of de- 
ceased. The date of his death, except the year 
(1724) is not know. His widow married John 
Wills, of Haddonfield, New Jersey, in 1726. 
(II) John (2), eldest son of John (i) and 
Sarah (Dale) (Griscom) Kaighn, was bom 
in Xewton township, Gloucester county, New 
Jersey, December 30, 1700. He inherited one- 
half of the real estate left by his father, and 
the next year after his father's death Joseph 
conveyed to him all his interest in the real 
estate devised to them and soon after John 
reconveyed the entire homestead property to 
Joseph, who afterward lived there. John mar- 
ried Abigail, daughter of John Henchman, in 
1732, and followed the trade of blacksmith for 
several years, and late in life removed to a 
farm on Newton creek, where he died in 1749, 
and was buried in the old Newton graveyard. 
The children of John and Abigail (Henchman) 
Kaighn were born in Haddonfield, New Jersey, 
as follows: i. Sarah, bom 1733, who inherit- 
ed the Haddonfield estate. 2. Elizabeth, 1736. 

3. .Samuel, 1737, married 1768, Mary Gerrard. 

4. John. 1740. 5. Ann, 1744. Abigail (Hench- 
man ) Kaighn married as her second husband 
Samuel Harrison, of Gloucester, about 1750, 
and she survived her second husband and died 
in 1795 at the home of her son-in-law, Richard 
Edwards, at Taunton Iron Works, Burlington 
county. New Jersey. 

(11) Joseph, second son of John (2) and 
Sarah (Dale) (Griscom) Kaiglrn, was born in 
Newton tcwvnship in the house erected by his 
father on Kaighn's Point, December 4, 1702. 
llis mother died soon after his birth, and he 
was, with his brother John, with a nurse until 
they were eight and ten years of age respec- 
tively, when his father married and their step- 
mother came into the family and assumed the 
duties of a mf)ther to the boys, and they were 
brought up and given a good education. Joseph, 
in the division of the property between the two 
brothers, received from John the homestead, 
arid he continued to live there on the home- 
stead, his brother removing to Haddonfield. 
lie married, in 1727, Mary, daughter of James 
I'^taiigh. of rhiladelphia, and niece of John 
F,staugh. of liaddonfield. Joseph Kaighn 
ma Ic his will .May 7, 174<), by which his estate 
descended to his children, naming their divi- 
sion as follows : To James part of the estate 
south of the lane ( Kaighn Avenue) ; to Joseph 
part of the land south, and to John, Isaac and 
l^hzabeth the land north of the line. The 
testator died the same vear in which the will 

was made (1749), and his five children wert 
all minors. The five children of Joseph and 
Mary (Estaugh) Kaighn were born in the 
homestead on Kaighn's Point as follows: i. 
Joseph (q. v.). 2. John, who studied medi- 
cine and practiced in Newton township ; he 
died unmarried when about forty years of age. 
3. Isaac, who died before maturity. 4. James, 
married Hannah Mason. 5. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Arthur Donaldson. Mary, the widowed 
mother of these children, married (second) 
Robert Stevens, of Newton township. 

(III) Joseph (2), eldest child of Joseph 
( I ) and Mary (Estaugh) Kaighn, was born in 
the homestead on Kaighn's Point, Gloucester 
county. New Jersey, about 1750, and after 
receiving his portion of the estate of his father 
he built a house known as the Ferry House, in 
which he continued to reside, and which is 
still standing, but is used for other than resi- 
dential purposes. He married, 1767, Prudence ' 
(Rogers) Butcher, a widow, and they had 
four children born to them in the Ferry House : 
William, Mary, John and Joseph, the youngest, 
who alone of the four lived to a mature age. 

(IV) Joseph (3), youngest son of Joseph 
(2) and Prudence (Butcher) Kaighn, was 
born at Ferry House, Gloucester county. New 
Jersey, about 1768. He received a good edu- 
cation and became prominent in town, county 
and state affairs. He was a member of the 
state legislature, both in the house of assembly 
and in the council, being re-elected for several 
terms by the Whig party of which he was a 
leader in the state. He was an early advocate 
for granting a charter to build the Camden and 
/\mboy railroad, and largely through his influ- 
ence the charter was obtained and the road 
built. He was a charter member of the board 
(if directors and held a directorship during his 
entire life. He made up the gathering of inter- 
ested citizens who went over the proposed 
route before it was surveyed. In the legisla- 
ture he was also an advocate for building a 
state prison at Trenton, and a member of the 
committee in charge of building the same. He 
was the first to advocate a steam ferry be- 
tween Kaighn's Point and Philadelphia, and 
when the Federal Street Ferry Comjiany was 
organized he was made a member of the board 
of directors. He died at his home at Kaighn's 
Point, New Jersey, February 23. 1841, and his 
widow Sarah, daughter of Joseph Mickle, to 
whom he was married in 1795, died the next 
year. The children of Joseph and Sarah 
(Micklel Kaighn were bom at Ferry House, 
Camden county. New Jersey, as follows: I. 



John M., married Rebecca, daughter of Ben- 
jamin Cooper. 2. Charles, born February 30, 
1806: married Alary Cooper, of Woodbury; 
he was the sixth mayor of Camden, removed 
to Philadelphia, and died there February 19, 
1868. 3. William R., married Rachel Cole, 
widow of Burroughs. 4. Mary, mar- 
ried John Cooper, of Woodbury. 

( III ) James, second son of Josepli ( i ) and 
Mary (Estaugh) Kaighn, was born at the 
homestead on Kaighn's Point, Gloucester 
county, New Jersey, about 1752. His share 
of his father's estate was north of the lane, 
and he continued to live on the homestead. He 
laid out his property in lots in 1812, and that 
was the first plot so laid out, and now the 
entire Kaiglin estate is divided up and built 
upon. The children of James Kaighn were 
born at the homestead on Kaighn's Point as 
follows: I. Isaac. 2. Mary, who died young. 
3. John (<]. v.). 4. Elizabeth, married Jona- 
than Knight, in 1797. 5. James. 6. Hannah, 
married Benjamin Dugdale. 8. Sarah. 9. 
Mary. 10. Ann, 1795; died in 1880. 11. and 
12. Charity and Grace (twins), both deceased. 

(I\') John, second son and third child of 
James Kaighn, was born in the homestead on 
Kaighn's Point, Camden county. New Jersey, 
about 1785. where he followed the occupation 
of farming, as had his ancestors from the 
time of the settlement of the Point and the 
building of the homestead by his great-grand- 
father. John Kaighn. He married Elizabeth 
Bartram, great-grandfather of John Bartram 
(see Bartram family following this sketch). 
John and Elizabeth (Bartram) Kaighn had 
eight children born at Kaighn's Point, Camden 
county. New Jersey, as follows: James, Joseph 
(q. v.), John Elizabeth. Rebecca, Ann Mary. 

(V) Joseph (4). second son of John and 
Elizabeth (Bartram) Kaighn. was born at 
Kaighn's Point. Camden county. New Jersey, 
1810. He was brought up on the homestead 
farm and later in life worked a second farm 
at Chew's Landing, where he was living during 
his declining years and where he died. He 
was a birthright member of the Society of 
Friends, and he was married bv Friends cere- 
mony to Susannah, daughter of Jacob and 
Rachel (Troth) Evans, and granddaughter of 
Nathan and Sybella Evans, and of William 
and Esther (Borton) Troth. Susannah Evans 
was born twelfth month sixth day, 1813. The 
children of Joseph and Susannah (Evans) 
Kaighn: i. .\mos Evans (q. v.). 2. John, 
born near Marlton ; died young. 3. Elizabeth, 

born near Marlton ; died young. 4. Rebecca, 
born at Chew's Landing ; married Hamilton 
Haines, of Burlington, New Jersey, and lived 
near Haddonfield, where three children, Joseph, 
Wilber and Bertha Haines, were born. 

(VI) Amos Evans, eldest child of Joseph 
(4) and Susaiuiah (Evans) Kaighn. was born 
at Kaighn's Point, Camden county. New Jersey, 
July 15, 1838. .Vbout 1840 the family removed 
to Chew's Landing. He attended the district 
school and Westtown Friends Boarding School, 
and worked with his father on his farm at 
Chew's Landing until 1868, when he carried 
on the Hunt farm, adjoining Chew's Landing, 
i8r>8-76. He then purchased a farm near 
Ellisburg, and in 1890 removed to Moorestown, 
built a house and retired from farm life. He 
was a birtliright member of the Society of 
Friends, and a member and elder in Friends 
Meeting at Moorestown, New Jersey. He mar- 
ried, in 1867, Lucy, daughter of Samuel and 
Elizabeth (Troth) Engle. of Medford. New 
Jersey. Samuel Engle was born nth mo. 12th 
1803, and his wife Elizabeth was a daughter of 
Samuel and Edith (Lippincott) Nott. The 
children of Amos Evans and Lucy (Engle) 
Kaighan were born at Chew's Landing, New 
Jersey, as follows: I. Elizabeth Engle, born 
March 7, 1870. married, October 10, 1901, Dr. 
William Martin, of Bristol, Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, and their daughter, Edith Kaighn 
Martin, was born July 3, 1905. 2. Joseph, 
September 30, 1872, attended the district school 
anil Westtown Friends Boarding School, was 
a student at law in the office of Thomas E. 
French, of Camden, was admitted to the bar as 
an attorney and as a councillor-at-law ; he is 
( i<)09) living with his parents at Aloorestown, 
and practicing law in Camden, unmarried. 

(The Bartram Line). 

John I'lartram, the "father of American 
botany," was born in Marple, Delaware county, 
Pennsylvania, March 23, 1699. He began his 
studies with the purpose in view of taking up 
the practice of medicine, but changed the 
course to the science of botany as applied to 
American plants. He began his work in classi- 
fication early in life, and his botanical garden 
was the first of the kind in America. He was 
commended by Linnaeus as the most accom- 
plished botanist of the world. His research 
was made through long excursions in different 
zones, and his collection was most rare. His ■ 
reputation in England was such as .to com- 
mand him to the Royal family and George HI. 
made him his .\merican botanist. The title of 



the great work illustrates his versatile labors 
and journeyings. It was published in 1751 
and entitled "Observations on Inhabitants, 
Climate, Soil, Rivers, Productions, Animals 
and Other Matters Worthy of Notice, Made 
by Mr. John Liartram in his travels from 
Pennsylvania to Onondaga, Oswego and the 
Lake Ontario in Canada." He married, and 
at least one of his sons left descendants but 
not the one who evidently inherited his genius 
as well as became the possessor of his collec- 
tion and added to his accumulation of speci- 
mens and followed out his projects of investi- 
gation mapped out before he died, which event 
occurred September 22, 1777. This son, Will- 
iam r.artram, was born in Kingsessing, Penn- 
sylvania. February Q, 1729, and was bred in 
tile botanical atmosphere in which the father 
had accomplished so great work and left so 
valuable and tangible records of his accomplish- 
ments. William published in 1792 "Travels 
through North & South Carolina, Georgia, 
East and West Florida, the Cherokee County, 
the Extensive Territories of the Muscogules 
or Creek Confederacy, and the Country of the 
Chocktaws." He aided Alexander Wilson in 
his scientific work, his ornithological studies 
being very extended. He published a memoir 
of his father and made a list of American 
birds. lie lived alone with his specimens of 
living plants that made up the greatest botani- 
cal garden in America at the time, and was 
visited only by learned men anxious to con- 
verse with him and to study from his collec- 
tions. He never married, carried his eccentric- 
ities to his dress which was primitive to an 
extraordinary degree, his outside clothing 
being made entirely of leather. He con- 
versed with the ease and politeness of 
nature's noblemen, in spite of his hermit life 
and avoidance of the society around him. He 
died July 22, 1833, only six years from the 
century mark. The catalogue of the University 
of I'eiuisylvania gives two of the name among 
its graduates: Moses Rartram, x\. B., 1782; 
A. i\l., 1785; B. M., 1786; M. D. 1790, which 
would give his birth about 1762. He is put 
dowti as a physician and druggist. In the class 
of 1783 we find George Bartram, born 1767, 
died in" Philadcli)hia, May 8, 1840, A. B. 1783: 
.•\. M., 1786: alderman of the city of Phila- 
delphia, and jiresident of the select council, 
1809-11. lie was a brother of Moses, and 
• they were both grandsons of John, the botanist, 
and nephews of William, the botanist, who had 
a brother Moses, born 1737 or 1741. 

Although the Mountain 
MOUNTAIN family are among the later 
emigrants to this country, 
they belong to the same stalwart stock from 
which is derived so much of the best among 
the families of the early and original settlers 
of the old colonies, their name being for cen- 
turies traceable among the old records of 

(I) The first of the family of whom we 
have any definite knowledge as the progenitor 
of the American branch is Joseph William 
Mountain, born in Yorkshire in 1764, died 
there in 1834. Shortly after his marriage he 
removed with his bride to London, and there 
spent the remainder of his life, all his children 
being born in that city. He married, in York- 
shire, Catharine Ann Slater, born in 1769, died 
in 1854. Their children were: i. Catharine 
Ann, born in 1789; died in 1870; married Rob- 
ert Edward Holme and had five children : 
Elizabeth, Catharine, Robert, Edward, Robert 
Mountain, born January 17, 1836, married 
Helen James and had five children, of whom 
only one, Frank James Holme, born 1884, 
reached maturity. 2. Joseph William, born 
1804, died 1855; married Miriam Welsh, but 
had no children. 3. John, referred to below. 
4. William, born about 1808, died 1856; mar- 
ried Hannah Pearsall, and had several chil- 
dren. 5. Hannah, born in 1812, died in 1892; 
married, in 1837, Albert Paine, removed to 
Dusche, Germany, and had two children : 
Catharine, born 1839; died 1865; and .Albert, 
born 1841, who married. They had eight 
other children who died in infancy. 

( II ) John, son of Joseph William and Cath- 
arine Ann (Slater) Mountain, was born in 
London, January 31, 1807, died there in 1893. 
He married, February 6, 1837, Mary Ann 
b'urmage, born in Wandsworth, Surrey, Eng- 
land, November 14, 1806, daughter of "\\'illiam 
and .Ann I'urmage, and granddaughter of 
James and Mary Ann (Wadbrook) Furmage. 
William Furmage, her father, was born about 
1782, and died 1854; and his wife, Ann (Hall) 
Furmage, was born about 1780, died about 
1850. Her grandfather, James Furmage, was 
born about 1752, died in 1827; and her grand- 
mother, Mary Ann ( Wadbrook) Furmage, 
was born about 1751, died in 1825. The chil- 
dren of John and Mary Ann (Furmage) 
Mountain were : i. John Joseph, born Decem- 
ber 17, 1837, died in 1900. 2. Cleeves, Janu- 
ary 16, 1839, still living. 3. Joseph William, 
.\l>ril 19, 1843, '^'^f' '" the civil war, in 1863. 



5. Mary Ann Slater, April 3, 1844, married. 
June 3, 1867. Albert Farnam Tucker, and had 
one child, Albert Alountain Tucker, born April 
20, 1868, died December 12, 1899: married, 
October 31, 1895, . 6. Frederick, re- 
ferred to below. 7. Robert Edward, January 
28, 1848, died in 1849. All these children were 
born in London. 

(III) Frederick, sixth child and fifth son 
of John and Mary Ann ( Furmage) Mountain, 
was born in London, England, January 27, 
1846, died in East Orange, New Jersey, April 
16, 1907. Emigrating to this country he lived 
for awhile in Brooklyn, Long Island, and finally 
settled in East Orange. He married Irene 
Adelia Tallman, born November i, 1848, and 
had two children: i. Worrall Frederick, re- 
ferred to below. 2. Milton Tallman, born Jan- 
uary 2-i,. 1893- 

(IV) Judge Worrall Frederick, eldest child 
of Frederick and Irene Adelia (Tallman) 
Mountain, was born in Brooklyn, Long Island, 
March 10, 1877, and is now living at 113 North 
\\'alnut street. East Orange, New Jersey. His 
father removing to East Orange shortly after 
his birth, he was sent for his early education 
to the public schools of that place, from which 
he entered the Newark Academy, and after 
leaving that institution went to Princeton Uni- 
versity, where he received his Bachelor of 
Science degree in 1900, and three years later 
his degree of Master of Science. He then took 
a course in the New York Law School, from 
which he obtained his LL. B. degree, and after 
this entered the office of Halsey M. Barrett, 
Esquire, and later of A. Q. Keasbey & Sons, 
where he read law, receiving his admission to 
the New Jersey bar as an attorney in Novem- 
ber, 1904, and as a counsellor in 1907. Sep- 
tember i; 1908, he entered into partnership 
with Judge Thomas L. Raymond, Andrew Van 
Blarcom and Theodore McC. Marsh. He is 
a Republican in politics, was appointed judge 
of the district court of the city of East Orange 
on June i, 1909, by Governor Fort. He was 
formerly a member of the Essex Troop, and 
now the Lawyers Club of Newark, the Prince- 
ton Club of New York, and the Republican 
Club of East Orange. He is a member of the 
North Orange Baptist Church. He married, 
June 3, 1908, in East Orange, Ethel Marion, 
daughter of John and Jean (Paulson) Spohr, 
of 121 North Grove .street. East Orange. Of 
this marriage a son, \\'orrall Frederick, Jr., 
born June 28, 1909. 

The Boggs family of New Jersey 
BCXiCiS belong to that group of Irish 
[)atriots who came over to this 
country in the early part of the eighteenth 
century, making homes for themselves at first 
in Delaware and Pennsylvania and thence 
spreading out into New Jersey, Maryland and 
X'irginia and giving to the new nation some 
of the best blood and brawn that have gone 
towards making up its special characteristics 
and genius. 

(I) Ezekiel Boggs, founder of the family 
under consideration, came from Ireland and 
settled in Delaware, where he left behind him 
one son James, who is referred to below, and 
one daughter, Rebecca, who married a Mr. 
Rish, of Philadel]ihia. 

(II ) James, son of Ezekiel Boggs, was born 
January 22, 1740, but whether in this country 
or in Ireland is uncertain. Coming from Dela- 
ware to Philadelphia, he studied medicine, and 
then settled in Shrewsbury, Monmouth county. 
New Jersey, where he remained until the break- 
ing out of the revolution when he joined the 
British army as a surgeon, and continued with 
it until the close of the war, when he went to 
Halifax, Nova Scotia, where he lived until his 
death at a very advanced age. He was highly 
esteemed as a physician, and manifested great 
interest in the promotion of the science of 
medicine. Fie became a member of the Medi- 
cal Society of New Jersey the year after its 
organization and was an influential member 
until the breaking out of the war. His man- 
ners were pleasant and gentlemanly and he 
took great delight in his old age in relating 
incidents and adventures which occurred in 
his jjersonal history, more particularly when 
the British were in possession of New York 
and his family living for the time near Perth 
Amboy, whom he could only visit by stealth. 
Dr. James Boggs married Mary, daughter of 
Robert Hunter Morris, of New Jersey, and 
left a large faniily behind him, many of his 
descendants being now found in Halifax, 
Prince Edward Island, and the provinces of 
Lower Canada. He left, however, five chil- 
dren, three sons and two daughters in this 
country, from whom have come the New 
lersey branch of the family. Among their 
children were: i. Robert, referred to below. 
2. James, who went into business in New York 
City, where he became the senior member of 
the old firm of Boggs, Thompson & Company ; 
his children were : Mary, married a Mr. Ray ; 



Julia, married Lewis Livingston. 3. A son 
who died young in Wilmington, Delaware. 

(III) Robert, eldest child of Dr. James and 
Mary (Morris) Boggs, was brought up to- 
gether with his other brothers and sisters whom 
his father had left behind him in New Jersey, 
in the home of his uncle. Judge Morris, of New 
Brunswick, with whom he studied and prac- 
ticed law, spending his life in that city where 
he was at one time clerk of the United States 
district court. He died in New Brunswick, 
in 1831. He married (first) his cousin. Mar)' 
Morris, by whom he had one child, Robert, 
who married Jane Dunham, and had three chil- 
dren. He married (second) Mary, the sister 
of James Lawrence, United States navy, who 
commanded the frigate "Chesapeake" in her 
engagement with the "Shannon." She bore 
him three children: i. Brenton, of the United 
States navy. 2. ]\Iary, married J. S. Blauvelt, 
of New Brunswick. 3. Charles Stuart, re- 
ferred to below. He married (third) Maria 
Brenton, lx)rn in Halifa.x, Nova Scotia, in 
1780, died in New Brunswick, New Jersey, 
in 1866. They had one child: Edward Bren- 
ton, referred to below. 

(IV) Charles Stuart, youngest child and 
second son of Robert and Mary (Lawrence) 
Boggs, was born in New Brunswick in 181 1, 
d'ied in 1888. Entering the United States 
navy as a midshipman in 1826, he became lieu- 
tenant in 1837, served in Commodore Connor's 
sc|uadron in the Mexican war, in April, 1862, 
distinguished himself under Farragut at New 
Orleans, and was the same year raised to the 
rank of captain. In 1870 he became a rear 
admiral, and three years later was retired. 

(IV) Edward Brenton, the only child of 
Robert and Maria (Brenton) Boggs, was born 
in New Brunswick, New Jersey, December 7, 
1 82 1, died May 9, 1904. He was educated at 
the public schools, and then graduated from 
the General Theological .Seminary in New 
York City, and was then ordained priest in the 
Protestant Episcopal church. He graduated 
from Rutgers College in 1842 and later re- 
ceived the degree of D. D. He married Eliza- 
beth Dunham, daughter of George Deshler, of 
Easton, Pennsylvania, and liis wife, Cathar- 
ine (Dunham) Deshler, of New Brunswick. 
Elizabeth Dunham (Deshler) Boggs was born 
in New Brunswick, New Jersey, December 
26, 1822, died in 1903. She bore her husband 
four children: i. George Brenton, married 
Hannah Thompson, of Bloomsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, and has three children : Edward Thomp- 
son, Frank Thonipson, who married, and is 

now a captain of engineers in the United 
States army, and Jeannette Thompson. 2. 
Charles Deshler, married Caroline Coles, and 
has four children : Clara, married William 
Lull, a professor at Yale University, and has 
one child, Dorothy, Elizabeth Deshler, Edward 
Brenton, married a Miss Chamberlain and now 
lives at Cleveland, Ohio, and William Coles. 
3. Francis Cranston, who is also married. 4. 
Herbert, referred to below. 

(V) Herbert, youngest child of the Rev. 
Edward Brenton and Elizabeth Dunham 
(Deshler) Boggs, was born in Swedesborough, 
New Jersey, June 3, 1853, and is now living 
in Newark, New Jersey. For his early edu- 
cation he was sent to the public schools of New 
Brunswick, and then he entered Rutgers Col- 
lege, graduating therefrom in 1873. .•\fter 
his graduation he went into the oflice of 
Parker & Keasby, where he read law, and was 
admitted to the New Jersey bar as attorney 
in November, 1876, and as counsellor in Nc>- 
vember, 1879.' He then started in for hhn- 
self, specializing in municipal law, and becom- 
ing the city attorney for Newark, during the 
years 1890 to 1893 and again appointed in 
1909 to the same office. Mr. Boggs is a Dem- 
ocrat, but other than the attorneyship men- 
tioned above he has held no political office. 
He belongs to the Lawyers' Club of Newark. 
He is a communicant of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church. He married. May 9, 1893, in 
Newark, Frances May, daughter of Henry and 
Fanny (Van Buren) Le Viness, of New York 
City, whose two brothers are Edward and 
Henry, and her sister Charlotte, who married 
Henry Van Bronson. The child of Herbert 
and Fanny May (Le Viness) Boggs is Helen 
Cranston, born in Newark, September 21, 

L^nlike so many of the families of 
HINE New Jersey tliat have come into 
the state from Europe by way of 
the New England colonies, the Hine family of 
Orange travelled from Connecticut to the 
Ohio valley and then returned and found a 
[lermanent home in Essex county, thus revers- 
ing the usual current of emigration which 
])assed through New Jersey on its way to the 
west. But little is known about the family 
on the other side of the .'\tlantic. The earliest 
record is in 1548 when a certain John Hinde 
was ap])ointed J. C. P. of England, that is 
practitioner of the common law (juris com- 
nnniis) or in other words as we should say 
today, was admitted to the English bar as at- 



torncy. Family tradition has it that the fam- 
ily is of Scotch-Irish descent and emigrated 
to this country during the Commonwealth, and 
tlus is supported by the earhest records we 
liave of the family in this country. 

(I) Thomas Hine, founder of the family, 
settled in Milford, Connecticut, and had there 
a home lot and a two acre meadow adjoining, 
January 28, 1646. In 1655 he bought land 
at Derby, although he does not seem to have 
removed thither, except possibly for a time, 
as January 22, 1676, he drew lot number 8 
in Milford, and on the tax list of 1688 he is 
assessed £96. 5s, while his sons John and 
Stephen were assessed respectively £38 and 
fi8. His will, proved at New Haven, was 
written May 9, 1694. He had at least four 
sons and probably other children. The sons 
were: i. John. 2. George. 3. Stephen. 4. 
Samuel, who is referred to below. The last 
two mentioned are the only children that re- 
mained in Milford. 

(II) Samuel, son of Thomas Hine, lived in 
Old Milford but there is very little known 
about him except what can be gathered from 
an old account book kept by his son George, 
referred to below, from an entry in which we 
learn that Samuel and his wife went to live 
with their son, May 10, 1769. Samuel Hine 
died December 23, 1771, and his wife Decem- 
ber 10, 1773. 

(III) George, son of Samuel Hine, was 
born in Old Milford, and followed the occu- 
pations of farmer, teamster, fisherman and 
merchant. His old account book is full of 
interesting examples, of which the following 
is a fair example : "January 13th, 1755. Then 
reckoned with Moses Malory and cleared of 
all accounts from ye beginning of ye world to 
this day, as witness our hands." George 
Hine and his family removed from Old to New 
Milford some time before October i, 1793, 
and was probably among the first settlers of 
that place. From the fact that her name is 
signed with his to a contract for a fishing 
privilege at Fowler's island on Stratford river, 
it is supposed that the name of George's wife 
was Jean. His children were: i. Thomas. 2. 
Samuel 3. George Jr. 4. Daniel, who is 
referred to below. There may have been 

(lY) Daniel, son of George and Jean Hine, 
was born in Old Milford in 1750. While in 
CMd Milford he was a fisherman and leased 
for ninety-nine years a privilege of fishing 
at Fowler's island at the mouth of Strat- 
ford river on Long Island Sound. In Mav. 

1795, he removed from New Milford to 
Warren, Litchfield county, Connecticut, where 
he lived for eleven years. In the spring of 
1805, hearing glowing accounts of the west- 
ern reserve, he sent his son David to accom- 
pany Erastus Carter and others on a tour of 
inspection. The journey, both ways, was 
made afoot, and the report was so favorable 
that the following September two of his sons, 
Daniel and Hezekiah, emigrated with others 
to Johnstown, Ohio, and in the succeeding 
spring, Daniel Sr. followed with the remain- 
der of the family. He remained in Johnstown 
till the ensuing December, and then moved on 
to Canfield, Ohio. Here, two years later, he 
moved into the home of his son David, on tlie 
same farm that is now owned and occupied by 
his niece, Mrs. Betsy Comstock. His son 
Hezekiah, having located in Shalersville, Port- 
age county, Ohio, Daniel, being better pleased 
with that situation, moved thither in February, 
1 810, and settled finally not far from the 
centre of the township, where he lived until 
his death. September 16, 1828. Daniel Hine 
was married three times, but all his children 
were by his first wife. About 1775 he married 
(first) Mary Stone, of Old Milford, who died 
in Shalersville, February 5, 1812, at the age 
of fifty-six years. His second wife, Eunice 
(.Sutliff) (Crosby) Hine, the widow of Tim- 
othy, died July 17, 181 7. His third wife, Phoebe 
(Clark) Hine, was a native of Williamstown, 
\'ermont, and died aged seventy-two years. 
The children of Daniel and Mary (Stone) 
Hine were: i. Daniel, born May 30, 1776, died 
January 19, 1858; married Laura Finne)^ 2. 
.\bel, September 11, 1778, died September 21, 
1855; married a Miss Frelove. 3. David, who 
is referred to below. 4. Polly," September 27, 
1784, died October 29, 1859; married .Au- 
gustus Adams. 5. Hezekiah, May 29, 1789, 
ciied July 21, 1867; married Mary Atwater. 
6. Elizabeth, February 16, 1790, died Febru- 
ary 14, 1867; married Thaddeus Bradley. 7. 
Lyman, September 9, 1792, died December 16, 
1870: married Sabina Crosby. 8. Abigail, Au- 
gust 7, 1795, died March, 1865; married Dan- 
iel Burroughs. All these children, save the 
last who was born in Warren, were born in 
Old Milford. 

(V) David, third child and son of Daniel 
and Mary (Stone) Hine, was born in Old Mil- 
ford, Connecticut, December 9, 1780, died in 
Canfield, Ohio, April 19, 1856. He was fif- 
teen when his father went to Warren, Litch- 
field county, and twenty-five, when April, 1805, 
he set out with Erastus Carter, Daniel Beach 



and jdhn .Morris, for Johnstown, where he 
bought land for $3.00 an acre, and after build- 
ing a small shanty returned home with his 
report to his father. He then guided his 
brothers, Daniel and Hezekiah, out to the new 
lands and returned home again with the team, 
remaining in Warren for that winter, and in 
r""ebruary, immediately after his marriage, set- 
ting out on a final trip to Johnstown, accom- 
panied by about sixty of their friends and 
relatives. In the following autumn he settled 
on the farm in Canfield spoken of above. May 
3, 1810, David Hine was commissioned by the 
governor of Ohio Captain of the Third Com- 
pany, First Battalion, -Second Regiment, Fifth 
Brigade and Fourth Division of the Ohio state 
militia. As such he served for five years and 
was in active service during the War of 1812, 
his regiment forming a part of the land forces 
at Cleveland, during Perry's naval engage- 
nicnt and victory, September 6, 1812. After 
the war he became conspicuous in civil afifairs, 
being commissioned May 13, 1822, by Gov- 
ernor Allen Tremble, justice of the peace, and 
in many ways interesting himself in politics. 
David Hine married, February 20, 1806, 
Achsah, daughter of Benjamin Sackett. 
of Warren, horn there January 21, 1786, 
died in Canfield, Ohio, March 23, 1831. She 
bore her husl)an(i at least eight children of 
whom one, David, is referred to below. 

(\T) David (2), eighth child of David (i) 
and Achsah (Sackett) Hine, was born in Can- 
field, Ohio, August 16, 1822, died in Wash- 
ington, District of Columbia. January 12. 1872. 
He graduated from W illiams College, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1850, taught in the academy at 
Warren, Connecticut, for four years, and in 
the autumn of 1854 moved out to Ohio and 
accepted a position as principal of the I\Iaho- 
ney Academy. He here became a neighbor 
and later a warm friend of General James .\. 
Garfield, through whose influence soon after 
the breaking out of the civil war he was ap- 
pointed to a position in the office of the second 
auditor of the treasurer in Washington, which 
he held until his death. While at college he 
boarded with .\. M. Bridges, a descendant of 
Benjamin, son of Edward Bridges, of Toi)s- 
field. Massachusetts, in 1664. Here he made 
the ac(|aintance of Harriet Amelia, daughter 
of Samuel Bridges, of Williamstown, born 
April 20, 1828. died in Washington, October 
-|. 1874. whom he married September 24, 1S50. 
The cliildren of David and Harriet Amelia 
Miridgcs) Hine were: I. Helen lilanche, born 
December 2^, 185 1, died October 7, 1883. 2. 

Edwin Warren, who is referred to below. 3. 
Charles Augustus, May 2, 1857, died young. 
4. Irene Bridges, July 12, 1861. died 1862. 5. 
Irene Bridges, March 23, 1862, died 1866. 

(VII) Edwin W'arren, second child and 
eldest son of David (2) and Harriet Amelia 
(Bridges) Hine, was born in Warren, Litch- 
field county, Connecticut, March 17, 1854, and 
is now living at 112 Park avenue, Orange, 
Xew Jersey. He was in his infancy when his 
parents went to Ohio, and he was thirteen 
when they went to Washington, where 
he received his education in the public 
and high schools, obtaining a position in a sta- 
tionery store in Washington and retaining it 
until he accepted a position as entry clerk with 
the firm of George A. Olney & Company, sta- 
tioners, with whom he remained until their 
failure. In 1872 he removed to Orange and 
was for two years with Thomas P. Bayes, 
dealer in books and stationery, and in 1874 
started for himself in the flour and feed busi- 
ness in the old academy building on Main 
street, near Cone and Day. In 1877 he bought 
out the old firm of W. B. Tichenor & Com- 
|)any who were in the same line of business. 
In 1888 he became interested in the Harvey 
Steel Company, and in the following year be- 
came a director of that corporation, being now 
the only survivor of the original board of 
five. In May, 1890, together with Mr. 
Harvey, he organized the American Washer 
and Manufacturing Company, of which he 
was elected and remained for many years the 
president. He now sold out his old flour and 
feed business, and in 1903 became the sec- 
retary of the public service corporation of 
X'ew Jersey. In 1878 he was elected for a 
term of three years to represent the first ward 
of Orange in the common council, and being 
the only I\e]niblican in that body at the time 
was given tbe sobriquet of the "Lone Star." 
In 1879 he was first elected to the board of 
chosen freeholders, of which body he con- 
tinued a member until 1887. In 1884 he was 
a candidate for the office of sherifif, and in 
1887 was elected to that office by a majority 
of 2,600. He discharged the duties of this 
office "without fear or favor, retiring in 1890 
with a clean record and the hearty good wishes 
of his fellow citizens, irrespective of party." 

Colonel Hine began his military career in 
1882. as the chief organizer of the Orange 
rifles of which he was elected the first lieu- 
tenant. January 11, 1886, he was commis- 
sioned as first lieritenant and adjutant of the 
third battalion of the Xational (iuard of the 



state of New Jersey, by Gnvernor Leon Ab- 
bett. This i)Ositioii he held for five years, 
until the reorganization of the first brigade, 
which resulted in the consolidation of the 
first, second, and third battalions, forming the 
second regiment. June 25, i8q2. Lieutenant 
Hine was commissioned as captain and judge- 
advocate of the second regiment under Colonel ■ 
J. \ reeland Moore. At the election which 
preceded this commission, Mr. Hine had been 
nominated for one of the majorships, and it 
is an indication of his deserved popularity that 
he secured for it all of the votes of the Essex 
county battalion. April 25, 1893, Colonel 
Moore was retired on liis own application, 
Lieutenant-colonel Samuel V. S. Muzzy was 
promoted to his place, and Captain Hine was 
chosen lieutenant-colonel to fill the vacancy. 
November 8, 1897, Colonel Muzzy retired as 
brevet brigadier-general, and there was but 
one man it was felt who could take his place, 
namely, Lieutenant-Colonel Hine. Conse- 
quently his election to the head of the regi- 
ment gave general satisfaction as he was 
greatly liked by both officers and men, and 
when his commission was issued, bearing date 
of December 7, 1897, it was a time of great 
rejoicing in the regiment. He had hardly 
seated himself firmly in the saddle and grasped 
the reins before he was called upon to prove 
the trust reposed in him. The "Maine" was 
blown up, the Spanish began capturing prizes 
in the Carribean and Colonel Hine was among 
the first in the country to offer his regiment 
for active service. During the war the regi- 
ment was stationed first at Sea Girt, and then 
at Jacksonville, Florida, and it was mainly 
due to the efficient carrying out of his instruc- 
tions by Colonel Hine that the regiment won 
its place and reputation as the best in the 
camp, and received from the old Confederate 
war-veteran and then commanding officer, 
General Fitzhugh Lee, the compliment, 
"Thank Gofl. we have one regiment equipped 
for service, but that is the way New Jersey 
always sends out her soldiers." May 2, 1899, 
came the order of Governor Voorhees disband- 
ing the Second Regiment and Colonel Hines was 
retired. In 1002, as a result of the great fire 
in I'aterson, the Fifth Regiment came into 
being, and from the very first it was felt and 
said tha' there was only one man for its com- 
manding officer. The feeling of resentment 
over the disbanding of the Second Regiment 
was strong. It was felt that its commanding 
officer. Colonel Edwin Warren Hine, had acted 
the part of a gallant officer and had handled 

his regiment with rare discretion and skill in 
the south, and not only among the officers of 
the old regiment identified with the new, but 
also among the people of northern New Jersey 
as well, it was most strongly indicated and 
urged that the command of the new Fifth was 
Colonel nine's by right. The devotion of the 
officers of the .Second Regiment to their com- 
manding officer had been a matter of comment 
throughout the entire Seventh army corps, and 
while there was some discssion about other 
ofiFicerships in the regiment, September ig, 
1902, Colonel Hine was unanimously elected 
to the command which he has held ever since. 
From 1883 to 1886 Colonel Hine was chairman 
of the Essex county Reijublican committee, 
while for three years he was the chairman of 
the Orange Republican committee and for 
twelve years its treasurer. He is also an 
active member of the New England Society. 
He is a member of Union Lodge, No. 11, F. 
and A. M., of Orange, and also past master. 
He belongs to the Union Club of Newark, to 
the Lotus Club of New York, and to the 
Hamilton Club of Paterson. He attends the 
First Presbyterian Church of Orange. Colonel 
Hine received a most unusual honor at the 
time of the Hudson-Fulton celebration by 
being selected, over the heads of officers of 
higher rank, to be the personal representative 
of the governor on the official reviewing stand 
at Fifth avenue and Forty-second street, dur- 
ing the military parade, September 30, 190.). 

Colonel Edwin Warren Hine married, 
March zt^. 1874, Nellie, daughter of David and 
Margaret ( Rockafeller) Sturtevant, a de- 
scendant of the early settlers of Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, born in 1854. Their children 
are: i. Helen Pilanche, born February 15, 1876. 
died in infancy. 2. Walter Robbins, Decem- 
ber I, 1S77, married Annabell Bagley, and has 
one son. Walter Robbins Jr., born May 6, 
1908. 3. Marguerite, September 20, 1879, 
died March 17, 1885. 4. James Sayers, born 
July 14. 1882. 

The George family of Newark 
GEORGE has already made a name and 
place for itself in the industrial 
world of Newark, although its existence in 
this country has only been for two genera- 

fl) Christian George, the founder of the 
family in this country was born in France. June 
25. 1847. died in Newark, New Jersey, Jnly 
\(\ 1898. By his wife, Sophia (Vollmer) 
George, who survives him and is now living 



at 394 Eighteenth avenue, he had three cliil- 
dren : Edward C, see forward: Henry 1'., 
Louis F. 

(ID Edward C, the eldest child of Chris- 
tian and Sophia ( VoUmer) George, was born 
in Newark, New Jersey, August i, 1877, and 
is now living in that city. After attending the 
public schools where he was sent for his early 
education, he entered the New York Univer- 
sity Law School. He read law in the office 
of Charles A. F"eick, Esquire, and was ad- 
mitted to the New Jersey bar in June, 1899, as 
attorney, and as counsellor in November, 1908. 
He has turned his attention to the specialty of 
real estate law, and he is rapidly winning for 
himself a name and place as one of the most 
judicious and acute of the younger lawyers 
who are dealing with that subject. In politics 
Mr. George is a Republican, and for four 
years, from 1901 to 1905, was one of the com- 
missioners of public school education in New- 
ark. He is a member of Cosmos Lodge, No. 
106, Free and Accepted Masons of Newark, 
and also a member of Lodge No. 21, Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks. He mar- 
ried, June 26, 1907, in Newark, Pauline B., 
daughter of August E. and Pauline Kleeman, 
of 493 South Sixteenth street, Newark, whose 
children are : August M., Pauline B., Emil H. 
and Amelia. Edward C. and Pauline B. 
( Kleeman ) George have no chil<h-en. 

"That the bearer John Mc- 
McCARTER Carter is a single Person & 
was born in the parish of 
Gaughboyn & County of Donegal in Ireland 
of honest Protestant Parents & from his in- 
fancy behaved Soberly and inoffensively & at 
his leaving this Kingdom a regular member of 
the dissenting congregation of St. Johnstown 
& whereas he designs to transport himself to 
the jjlantations in America to improve his 
worldly circumstances he is hereby recom- 
mended to the blessing and protection of 
.Almighty God and to regards of all Christian 
Peo])le whom it may concern as a person fit 
to be entertained and encouraged. This is 
certified and recommended at St. Johnstown 
.•\ugiist 15th, 1774, by Thos Bond. V. D. M." 
(I) Such was the testimonial brought to 
this country by the founder of the McCartcr 
family of New Jersey, when he left the home 
of his father, Robert McCartcr, in the small 
hamlet of Carrigan's in the parish and county 
above mentioned. Landing in Philadelphia in 
1774, in his own words, "consigned with a 
regular bill of lading, like a bale of merchan- 

dise to a friend of his father's family residing 
there." When he came over he was about 
twenty-one, and for a short time taught in 
Delaware, then enlisted in the revolutionary 
army and after the war settled in Mendham, 
Morris county, New Jersey. He began his 
revolutionary service in 1776 when he enlisted 
as a volunteer in Colonel Craighead's Dela- 
ware rifle corps, with which he fought at Wil- 
mington and Trenton. In 1777 he became a 
commissary under General Wayne, and later 
under General Lamb and General Hazen. 
Finally he was at West Point and Pliiladelphia. 
For these services his widow was granted a 
])ension dating from March 4, 1836, which she 
received until her death. In 1784 he entered 
into a mercantile connection with Messrs. Grier 
and Brooks which continued for several years 
until his health failing he went to the coun- 
try near Mendham, where he purchased some 
iron works and ran them successfully until 
1794 when he lost everything in a freshet. 
He rebuilt but his works were washed away 
twice more and the failure of some friends 
with whom he had left for safety a large sum 
of money caused him to go into bankruptcy. 
.\t this juncture he found a warm friend in 
Governor Bloomfield, who appointed him sur- 
rogate of Morris county, and later a master 
in chancery. Still later he became clerk of 
Morris county, and held that position until his 
death. Mr. AlcCarter took a warm and active 
interest in public affairs, was an ardent ad- 
mirer of the person and a fervid advocate of 
the principles of Thomas Jefferson, and was 
a frec|uent contributor to the newspapers on 
[xjlitical topics, his articles over the signature 
of "The old man of the Mountain" attracting 
much notice and exerting much influence on 
the public mind. John AlcCarter had been 
well educated and even before coming to this 
country had shown evidences of literary abil- 
ity and was at one time connected with the 
Londonderry Journal^ a semi-weekly still in 
existence and one of the most influential papers 
in the north of Ireland. In addition to his 
frequent communications to the press on po- 
litical topics, Mr. McCarter wrote many odes 
and addresses for public occasions and his 
letters are many of them literary gems. He 
died at Morristown in 1807, and the local 
imper of that day contains a very full account 
of his life, public services and business career. 
November 21, 1786, John McCarter married 
.•\gncs, daughter of George and Mary (Boyd) 
Harris, and granddaughter of William anil 
Elizaljeth (Blair) Harris, who came to this 



country from Ireland in 1742. She had one 
aunt, her father's sister, Isabel, who married 
her cousin, Robert Harris, AI. D., who lived 
in 1791 in Spruce street, Philadelphia, was one 
of the founders of the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons and one of the physicians who 
remained in the city during the yellow fever 
epidemics of 1793 and 1795. Her father died 
February 23, 1790, at Hackettstown, New 
Jersey, where he owned a mill and left some 
property. Her mother, Mary (Boyd) Harris, 
died in 1780, and was the daughter of Robert 
and Janet (McAllister) Boyd, who came from 
Scotland. Agnes (Harris) McCarter was 
born in New Vernon, New Jersey, October 21, 
1769, died at Morristown, February 8, 1851. 
She was "a woman of high principle, strict in- 
tegrity, unflinching fortitude and cool, calm 
judgment, * * * somewhat stern and re- 
served in manner, but warm of heart and full 
of kindness, not only to her own relatives, but 
to every deserving person with whom she came 
in contact." The children of John and Agnes 
(Harris) McCarter were: i. Mary Eleanor, 
born April i, 1789, died October 7, 1868, after 
"a long life filled with loving service to her 
family, so whole-hearted and so simple that 
no idea of self-sacrifice ever occurred to her 
or to any of those she served." 2. Martha 
Isabella, born March 5, 1791, died May 2, 
1845; married, late in life, Luther Y. Howell, 
of Newton, New Jersey, but left no children. 
3. Robert Harris, who is referred to below. 4. 
Benjamin Ludlow, born December 24, 1796, 
who died unmarried at the age of thirty-two. 

5. George Harris, born November 5, 1797, died 
1843. he married (first) Hannah Maria, 
daughter of George Rorbach, of Newton, and 
(second) his cousin, Martha Lyon Ludlow. 

6. John, born January 26, 1799, died October 
31, 1864; married Mary, the aunt of the Hon. 
Henry C. Kelsey, at one time secretary of state 
of New Jersey ; their youngest son was the 
Hon. Ludlow McCarter, judge of the Essex 
common pleas. 7. James Jefferson, born De- 
cember 14, 1800, died February 17, 1872; 
spent most of his life in Charleston, South 
Carolina: married (first) Elizabeth, daughter 
of Jonathan and sister of the Hon. George S. 
Bryan, judge of the LInited States district 
court of South Carolina, and (second) his 
first wife's younger sister, Mary Caroline. 8. 
Daniel Stuart, born December 2, 1803, died 
August, 1868: married Maria Haydcn, of 
Georgia. 9. Eleanor Cordelia, bom March 2, 
1807. died July 27, 1883; married Dr. Harvey 

(II) Robert Harris, third cliild and eldest 
son of John and Agnes (Harris) McCarter, 
was born at Mendham, March 16, 1793, died 
March 8, 185 1. His father's death, when he 
was fifteen, leaving him as the eldest son of 
nine children, compelled him to do something 
which would aid in supporting the helpless 
family. Sylvester Russell, who had been ap- 
pointed county clerk to succeed John Mc- 
Carter, gave him the position of assistant clerk, 
where he began his study of the law, and at 
ihc end of Mr. Russell's term of five years 
was himself although not .quite twenty-one 
years old appointed to the office of clerk. In 
1826 he removed with his wife and two boys 
from Morristown to Newton and engaged in 
mercantile business with his brother George 
H., his mother and sisters also removing to 
the same place. Here he remained until his 
death. After his removal to Newton he be- 
came judge of the common pleas and a justice 
of the peace, presiding for a long time in the 
Sussex county court of common pleas and 
serving also three terms in the court of gen- 
eral quarter sessions. He was also appointed 
supreme court commissioner, and in 1840, 
v.'hen his brother George H. was made sheriff 
acted as his deputy. Governor Haines ap- 
pointed him a judge of the court of errors 
and appeals. In politics he was a Democrat, 
was thoroughly informed on the political his- 
tory of the country and inherited from his 
father an intelligent devotion to democratic 
principles as they were then understood, and 
he was frequently appointed a delegate to the 
county, congressional, and state conventions 
of his party, and was nominated for presiden- 
tial elector on the Jackson ticket in 1828. He 
was a director of the Sussex Bank and of the 
Morris Turnpike Company. After the death 
of his brother George H., he took his oldest 
son into partnership with him and continued 
the mercantile business as R. H. McCarter & 
Son, and later John McCarter & Company 
until it was dissolved by the death of the 
senior partner. \Miile in Morristown, Robert 
Harris ^ilcCarter married Eliza, daughter of 
Thomas Nesbitt, who had emigrated to this 
country from the north of Ireland and settled 
at Somerville, on a farm on the Raritan river 
at what is now Finderne. The children of 
Robert Harris and Eliza (Nesbitt) McCarter, 
the two eldest born in Morristown and the 
three youngest in Newton, were: i. John, com- 
monly known as Jolui McCarter Jr., born in 
1822, died October 3, 1886, leaving a widow, 
the daughter of Colonel Joseph E. Edsall, of 



ilanilmrg. ami two daughters. 2. Thomas 
.Wsbitt, who is referred to below. 3. Agnes, 
born .May 8, 1828, died :\Iarch 22, 1881, un- 
married. 4. Frances Meeker, born October 6, 
1830, died May 11, 1897, married Samuel 
JJenry Potter, of Deckertown and Newton, 
New Jersey, and later of Janesville, Wiscon- 
sin, and had Robert Harris McCarter Potter, 
of Chicago. 5. Susan Thompson, born July 
• 17, 1832, died July 4, 1895, unmarried. 

(Ill) Thomas Nesbitt, second child and 
younger son of Robert Harris and Eliza (Nes- 
bitt) McCarter, was born in ^Morristown Janu- 
ary 31, 1824. After attending the Newton 
.•\cademy, he entered the junior class of 
Princeton L'liiversity and graduated from that 
institution in 1842. He then began studying 
law in the office of Martin Ryerson, Esquire, 
and was admitted to the New Jersey bar in 
1845. From that time until 1853 he practised 
in partnership with his instructor, and when 
Mr. Ryerson removed to Trenton, Mr. Mc- 
Carter continued practising in Newton alone 
until 1865, when he removed to Newark and 
became highly successful in the prosecution of 
his profession. In 1868 he became associated 
in ])ractise with Oscar Keen, Esquire, and this 
partnership continued until -1882. After this 
he became the senior member of the firm of 
McCarter, Williamson & McCarter. As a cor- 
poration lawyer, Mr. McCarter enjoyed a 
high reputation both in Sussex and Essex 
counties. During his residence at Xew'ton he 
was the director of and counsel to the Sussex 
Railroad Company, and for several years he 
wras also a director of and counsel to the 
Morris Canal and Banking Company. He was 
the counsel to the Lehigh Valley Railroad 
Comjiany, to the Delaware, Lackawanna 
and Western Railroad Company, to the 
Morris and Essex Railroad Company, to 
the New Jersey Railroad and Transporta- 
tion Company and to other similar cor- 
porations. In addition to these professional 
connections .Mr. .McCarter W'as prominently 
identified with various corporate bodies as 
a director, among which were the Peoples' 
Mutual Insurance Company of Newark, and 
the Easton and .'Xmboy railroad. His well 
known abilities as a lawyer induced Governor 
Olden in i860 to tender him a seat on the 
bench of the supreme court of New Jersey, 
and in 1866 the offer was renewed to him by 
Covernor Ward. On both occasions, how- 
ever, he declined the honor, preferring to re- 
main at the bar. lie was nevertheless willing 
to become a chancery reporter and accejited 

the position offered him in 1864 by Chancellor 
Green, but after issuing two volumes of re- 
ports he was obliged to resign on account of 
his increasing practise. Prior to the civil war, 
Mr. McCarter was a pronounced Democrat, 
and as such was elected a member of the gen- 
eral assembly from Sussex county. The fol- 
lowing year, however, he declined a renomina- 
tion and subsequently abandoned the party be- 
cause of its opposition to the war. In 1864 
he advocated the re-election of President Lin- 
coln and since that time was a staunch Re- 
])ublican. He was twice a candidate for pres- 
idential elector, once on the Douglass ticket 
in i860, and once on the Hayes and Wheeler 
ticket in 1876. He was also one of the com- 
mission appointed to settle the boundary line 
between New:-York and New Jersey. He was 
a trustee of TF'rinceton P'niversity which con- 
ferred upon him the honorary degree of LL. 
D., in 1875, for a time was one of the trustees 
of Evelyn College, was an organiser and the 
only president of the old Citizen's Law and 
Order League of Newark, was an honorary in- 
corporator of the Dickinson law school at Car- 
lisle, Pennsylvania, a fellow of the American 
Geographical Society, vice-president of the 
Scotch-Irish Society of America, and a 
member of the Princeton Club of New York. 
December 4, 1849, Thomas Nesbitt McCarter 
married Mary Louise, daughter of Uzal C. 
1 laggerty of Newton. He died June 28, 1896, 
leaving six children: i. Fanny A., wife of 
Charles .S. P.aylis. 2. Jane Haggerty, wife of 
Edwin 11. Williamson. 3. Eliza Nesbitt. 4. 
Robert Harris. 5. Uzal Haggerty. 6. Thomas 
Nesbitt Jr., see forward. 

(IV) Thomas Nesbitt (2), son of Thomas 
Nesbitt (i) and Mary Louise (Haggerty) 
McCarter, was born in Newark, New Jersey, 
October 20, 1867, and now resides at Rumson, 
Monmouth county, New^ Jersey. He began 
his early education in private schools, and then 
attended the preparatory school of Dr. Pingry, 
in Elizabeth. He then entered Princeton 
L'liiversity, from which he was graduated in 
1888. at the age of twenty-one. He read law 
under the masterly direction of his father, and 
further pursued his professional studies in the 
Law School of Columbia University, New- 
York City. He was admitted to the New 
Jersey bar as attorney in June, 1891, and as 
counsellor in June, 1894. From the time of 
his admission to the bar he was a member of 
the firm of McCarter, Williamson & McCar- 
ter, (of which his father was the senior part- 
ner) until May i, 1899, wdien he withdrew to 





carry on practice alone. He has occupied 
various positions of importance, both within 
and without his profession. On April i, 1896, 
he was appointed by Governor Griggs, to the 
position of judge of the first district court, and 
in which he served acceptably for three years, 
resigning in April, 1899. In the autumn of 
the same year he was elected to the state 
senate. At the close of his senatorial term 
he was appointed attorney general by Gov- 
ernor Murphy, and served as such until 1903, 
when he resigned to accept the presidency of 
the I'ublic Service Corporation of Xew Jersey, 
a most important body holding the ownership 
and management of nearly all the electric 
railways and lighting properties, both gas and 
electric, in the state. He is also connected 
with the Fidelity Trust Company and the 
Union National Bank, both of Newark. He 
is a member of the University Club, the 
Princeton Club, and the Raquet and Tennis 
Club, all of New York City. Mr. McCarter 
married, in Baltimore, Maryland, February 9, 
1897, Madeleine George, fourth child of 
George and Ellen (Schaefer) Barker, of that 
city. The children of this union are: i. Ellen 
George, bom May 9, 1898. 2. Thomas Nes- 
bitt, November 29, 1899. 3. Uzal Haggerty, 
October 15, 1901. 4. Madeleine Barker, Sep- 
tember 20, 1904. 

The Heller family, members of 
HELLER which have been prominently 
and actively identified with the 
industrial prosperity of the city of Newark, 
New Jersey, along their special line of busi- 
ness, numbers among its ranks men of integ- 
rity and character, who have served as the best 
types of citizenship and whose example is well 
worthy of emulation. 

(I) Elias Heller, the founder of the fam- 
ily in the United States, was a native of 
Darmstadt, Germany, and in order to avoid 
the conscription for his son at the time of the 
Napoleonic wars he gave up his farm and 
brought his wife, Laura, and his son, Elias, 
to this country, settling in West Orange town- 
ship, Essex county. New Jersey, where he es- 
tablished a home, winning and retaining the 
respect and confidence of his fellow citizens. 
(H) Elias (2), son of Elias (i) and Laura 
Heller, was born in Darmstadt, Germany, and 
there received a practical education. At the 
age of about twenty-five years he accompanied 
his parents to the United States, settling with 
them in Essex county. New Jersey, from 
whence he removed to Paterson, same state. 

subsequently to Newark, and in 1837 to West 
Orange, where he spent the remaining years 
of his life. He married, after his emigration 
to this country, Mary Laegle, a native of 
France, daughter of George and Catherine 
Laegle, also natives of France, from whence 
they came to the United States about the year 
1832. Children: i. Elias George, referred to 
below. 2. Peter, married Elizabeth Baldwin. 
3. Emily, married John Morrow. 4. George 
Elias, referred to below. 5. Lewis, married 

Ellen . 6. John J., referred to below. 

7. A child who died in infancy. After a long 
and useful life, Mr. and Mrs. Heller passed 
away at their home in West Orange and their 
remains were interred in Fairmount cemetery. 
She lived to the age of ninety-six years. 

(HI) Elias George, eldest child of Elias 
(2) and Mary (Laegle) Heller, was born in 
Newark, New Jersey, April 27, 1837. He at- 
tended the public schools, acquiring a practi- 
cal education, and at the age of sixteen went 
to the city of New York and secured a position 
with Tiffany & Company, with whom he re- 
mained until i860, when he became a clerk 
for Paul A. Brez. In 1863 he accepted a po- 
sition with his father, who was engaged in the 
manufacture of files and rasps, and possessing 
great, mechanical ability he became an expert 
in that line of work. In 1865, two years later, 
he joined his brothers, Peter and Lewis, in the 
founding of the firm of Heller Brothers, and 
the following year they built a plant in the 
centre of the business district of Newark. 
Lewis withdrew about 1870 from the firm, 
and Peter withdrew in 1880, and the brothers 
George and John were made members of the 
firm. Their trade steadily and rapidly in- 
creased until at length they were obliged to 
seek more commodious quarters. Conse- 
quently, in 1872, Mr. Heller purchased a large 
plot of land on Mount Prospect avenue, fac- 
ing the Greenwood Lake division of the Erie 
railroad, in the northern district of Newark, 
at that time only a farming district, now 
known as the suburb of Forest Hill. Here 
they erected a large factory with all the facil- 
ities at that time available, and extended their 
operations by adding to their other enterprise 
the manufacture of steel and a complete line 
of farriers' tools. From time to time ad- 
ditions have been made to the plant until the 
present time it is one of the largest in the coun- 
try. In 1880 Elias G. Heller formed the North 
Newark Land Company, which later became 
the Forest Hill Association, and they pur- 
chased a tract of land near his manufacturing 



I)laiit and the station on \ erona avenue, con- 
sistinjj of tifteen acres devoted to farming 
IHir{K)ses, and thereon built many residences, 
some of which were sold and others rented. 
The company purchased most of the land 
bounded by Mt. Prospect avenue, Ballantine 
j'arkway and the Greenwood Lake branch of 
the ICrie Railroad, which included the Sidman 
farm oi one hundred acres, the estate of Fred- 
crick .Smith and lands owned by Messrs. 
Weeks, Kean and others. This was divided 
into city blocks, streets were curbed and 
flagged, water and sewer connections were 
made, all within a few years. Mr. Fleller 
u|)cned Heller Parkway, a fine boulevard two 
hundred feet wide, parked in centre, which 
is one of the handsomest thoroughfares in that 
section of the state. 1-^orest Hill, the name 
given to this section, has an elevation of over 
one hundred and sixty feet above tide water, 
commands an extended view in every direc- 
tion, and as the soil is sandy and dry it is an 
exceeding healthful place to reside in. Land 
all sold under all restrictions. It has all the 
city conveniences with the delightful country 
surroundings. It has ample police and fire 
protection, excellent mail, express, telegraph 
and telephone service, churches of all denom- 
inations, public and private schools of the 
highest type, golf links, tennis courts, base 
ball and foot ball grounds, a well-equipped 
club house, and the Forest Hill Field Club is 
located on the property. In 1873 Mr. Heller 
erected a fine house on Mt. Prosjject avenue, 
where he made his home until 1891, when he 
erected his present elegant residence facing 
Elvvootl avenue, equipped with every modern 
appliance for the comfort of its inmates, the 
grounds embracing three city blocks. 

Mr. Heller has been a firm adherent of the 
])rinciples of the Republican party since the 
days of Fremont and Lincoln, having cast his 
first vote for President Lincoln, and has taken 
an active part in the affairs of the same, serv- 
ing as a member of the board of education for 
four years and a member of the common 
council of Newark for three years. He at- 
tends the Forest Hill Presbyterian Church, 
serving as president of the board of trustees 
for twenty-five years. Fie is president of the 
Woodside P)uilding and Loan .'\ssociation, of 
the Forest Hill .\ssociation and the Forest 
Flill Land Company, being a founder of the 
two latter named, and is president of Woman's 
and Children's Hospital of Newark. In 1886 
he was chosen president of the File Manufact- 
urers' .Association of the L'nited States, in 

which capacity he has served ever since. He 
is a member of Bellevue Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, and has been its treasurer for 
four years, member of the North End Club, 
Northern Repujjlican Club and the Forest Hill 
lueld Club. 

Elias G. Heller marrietl, in Newark, New 
Jersey, October 14, 1867, Sophie C, born in 
.New York City, June 5, 1843, daughter of 
Nicholas C. and Frances (Doclow) Geoff roy, 
who were the parents of four other children, 
among whom were : Hortense, married 
Munroe Doremus; Lucy, married Jefferson 
Doremus, of Madison, New Jersey; Ernest, 
married Elizabeth Eagles. Children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Heller: i. Paul E., referred to 
below. 2. Arnaud G... referred to below. 3. 
Reuben .Vrthur, an attomey-at-law in Newark, 
New Jersey. 

(IV) Paul E., eldest child of Elias George 
and Sophie C. ( Geoff roy) Heller, was born 
in Newark, New Jersey, February 6, 1869. 
He graduated from the Newark .Academy in 
1887, engaged in his father's business, and is 
now serving in the capacity of vice-president 
and treasurer. He attends the Forest Hill 
Presb\terian Church, and is a Republican in 
politics. He is a member of the Essex County 
Country Club, Forest Hill Field Club, Deal 
Golf Club, Troy Madison Fish and Gun Club 
and the New Jersey Automobile Club, of 
which he is president. He resides with his 
father at 242 Elwood avenue. He is un- 

(IV) Arnaud G., second child of Elias 
George and Sophie C. (Geoffroy) Heller, was 
born in Newark, New Jersey, August 2, 187 1. 
He graduate<l from the Newark high school 
in 1890, and then entered his father's busi- 
ness, continuing to the present time, now serv- 
ing in the capacity of director in the firm of 
Heller Brothers. He attends the Forest Hill 
Presbyterian Church, and is a Republican in 
politics. He is a member of the New Jersey 
.•\utomobile Club and the Forest Flill Field 
Club. He married, February 8, 1897, in New- 
ark, Flarriet ]., daughter of Lewis and Isa- 
belle (Voorhees) Jackson. One child, Elaine 
Jackson, born in Newark, November 24, 1901. 

(IV) Reuben .Arthur, the third and young- 
est child of Elias George and .Sophie C. (Geof- 
froy) Heller, was born in Newark, New Jersey. 
-March 22, 1873, and has always lived in that 
city. For his early education he was sent to 
the Newark Academy and afterwards to a 
private school in New York City. He then 
entered Columbia College, from which he grad- 



uated in 1894. After his graduation he entered 
the office of Coult & Howell in Newark and 
read law, and was admitted to the New Jersey 
barasattorney at the February term, 1895, and 
as counsellor at the same term, 1898. Since 
that time he has been engaged in the general 
practice of his profession in Newark, having 
his office at 788 Broad street. Mr. Heller is a 
Republican, but has always been identified 
with the reform faction of said party. He 
is a member of the University Club of New 
York, of the Lawyers' Club of Newark, and 
of the Fore-st Hill Golf Club. He married, 
March 21, 1899, ^t Oyster Bay, Long Island, 
Adele E., only daughter of George and Ella 
(Sarvent) Courvoisier, of Oyster Bay. Chil- 
dren: I. Arthur, born April 15, 1900. 2. 
Frances, July 6, 1902. 3. Ruth, September 7, 
1904. 4. Wren, August 15, 1906. 

(IH) George Elias, fourth child and third 
son of Elias and ]Mary (Laegle) Heller, was 
bom in West Orange township, Essex county, 
January 26, 1848, and is now living at Lake 
street and Delavan avenue, Newark. He was 
educated in the public schools and until he was 
eighteen lived at his father's residence. He 
then went into the file manufacturing shops of 
his brother, Elias George Heller, where by 
close application and resolute pursuit of his 
purpose he mastered the business, and in 1873 
became a partner in the enterprise, together 
with his brothers Elias George and Peter. 
Since then he has been continuously identified 
with the firm of Heller Brothers, in the manu- 
facture of rasps and files. He is widely known 
as a man of excellent business and executive 
ability, and has been connected with the Heller 
Tool Company, the Corey-Heller Paper Com- 
pany, and the New Jersey Wick Company. 
He is a Republican. His one club is the Wood- 
side Social Club. His family attend the Pres- 
byterian church. He married (first) January 
26, 1872, Caroline, daughter of Jacob and 
Man,' Greeney, a family of German descent, 
who died ,\ugust 20. 1875, in giving birth to a 
son George, born that same day. He married 
(second) in Newark, September 6, 1876, 
Emma C, born June 10, 1855, in Newark, 
daughter of Louis and Mary (Becker) Pfeiffer. 
Her mother was born in 1820 and died in 1893, 
after bearing her husband five children: i. 
Emma C, referred to above. 2. Ida, married 
John Millwood, and has three children. 3. 
John, whose wife's name is Katharine, and has 
two children. 4. Louis, Jr., who has two children. 
5. Lena, who married John J. Heller, brother 
to George Elias referred to here. The children 

of George Elias and Emma C. (Pfeiffer) 
Heller are: i. Lucy, born November 28, 1878, 
married Bount Johnson. 2. Alfred, July 19, 
1880, married Edna Burkhardt, and has one 
son George. 3. Emma Lyda, February 28, 
1882, married George Somden. 4. Walter, 
October 3, 1884. 5. Gertrude, December 8, 
1886. 6. Mabel, September 2, 1888. 7. Leo, 
April 21, 1893. 8- Viola, October 2, 1898. 

(HI) John ]., son of Elias and Mary 
(Laegle) Heller, was born in West Orange 
township, Essex county. May 20, 1850, and is 
now living in Newark. For his early education 
he went to the public schools^ and lived at 
home with his parents until he was twenty 
years old, when he moved to Forest Hill, 
Newark, and entered the employ of his brother, 
Elias George Heller, the well known manu- 
facturer of rasps and files. In 1873, ^^''th his 
brothers Elias George and George Elias, he 
formed a partnership, which has ever since been 
known by the name of Heller Brothers. Mr. 
Heller is a Republican. Hemarried, April4, 1874, 
Lena, daughter of Louis and Mary (Becker) 
Pfeiffer, and the sister of Emma C. Pfeiffer, 
the wife of his brother, George Elias Heller. 
They have eight children: i. Ida Mary, born 
December 25, 1874; married Joseph Benson 
Stewart and has one child^ Helen. 2. Lucy, 
April 21. 1877, died July 14, 1877. 3. John 
Walter, who is referred to below. 4. Florence 
Helena, March 13, 1881, died November 5, 
ir)o(); married Stockton Barnett and has one 
child, Gordon. 5. John Elias, November 12, 
1885, died February 28, 1889. 6. Benjamin 
Harrison, April 14, 1889. 7. Russell Mill- 
wood. March 29, 1891. 8. Naomi. December 
27, 1894. 

( IV ) John Walter, third child and eldest 
son of John J. and Lena (Pfeiffer) Heller, 
was born in Newark, August 29, 1878, and is 
now living in that city. For his early educa- 
tion he was sent to the public schools of New- 
ark, graduating from the high school in 1897. 
He then went to Cornell University, from 
which he graduated in 1901, and since then he 
has turned his attention to civil engineering. 
From 1901 to 1903 he was with the Erie rail- 
road ; from 1904 to 1906 he was one of the 
assistant engineers of the Brooklyn Rapid 
Transit Company; during 1906 and 1907 he 
was the superintendent of the Church Con- 
struction Company ; and since then he has been 
in business for himself, as engineer and con- 
structor. He is a Republican and a member 
of Kane Lodge, No. 55, F. and A. M. His 
clubs are the Cornell University Qub of New 



\urk City, the Cornell Club of Northern New 
Jersey, of which he is the vice-president, the 
Civil Engineers' Club of New York, the Brook- 
lyn Engineers' Club, and associate member of 
American Society of Civil Engineers. He mar- 
ried, April 26, 1906, at Lynn, Massachusetts, 
Bertha, born in East Wellington, Connecticut, 
February 5, 1882, only child of Charles Ash- 
ley Ryder, D. D. S., and Sarah Elizabeth 
(Eldredge) Ryder. Her father practiced in 
Bridgeport, Connecticut, and in Newark, New 
Jersey, and she was educated in Lynn, Swamp- 
scott and Newark. The only child of John 
Walter and Bertha (Ryder) Heller is Ruth 
Elizabeth, born in Newark, October 14, 1908. 

Early records of this old Bur- 

H.VRBERT lington county family are not 
found in any of the local or 
general genealogical reference works. 

(I) George Harbert, the earliest ancestor 
of the family of whom there appears to be 
any definite knowledge, lived in Burlington 
county, but the [jeriod of his life is not known. 
It is known, however, that he married and had 
three children, Anna, John and George. 

^llj George (2), son of George (i) Har- 
bert, was born in Southampton township, Bur- 
lington county. New Jersey, in 1802, and died 
in Northampton or Mt. Holly in 1881. As 
near as is known, during the early part of his 
business life, he was in charge of a transporta- 
tion vessel running from Lumberton to Phila- 
delphia, and also through the Raritan canal to 
New York City. On these trips his cargo was 
chiefly charcoal. The later years of Mr. Har- 
bert's life were spent on a farm near Mt. 
Holly, where now stands the Children's Home. 
He also bought and sold timber lands and dealt 
in lumber and wood. He married Mary, daugh- 
ter of William Troth, of Gloucester county, 
.\'ew Jersey, and their children were: Sarah, 
Thomas. ( ieorge I'rank, the latter the i.mly 

( HI ) Geoige Frank, son of George (2) and 
Mary (Troth) Harbert, was born at Lumber- 
ton, Xew Jersey, June 3, 1838. His young 
life was spent on his father's farm, and after 
attcnfling the township jniblic school he was 
sent for a time to the tuition school kept by 
William W. Collum in Mt. Holly. -After leav- 
ing school he learned the trade of a blacksmith, 
and later set up a shop in Mt. Holly, where he 
carried on a general blacksmithing and horse- 
shoeing business until 1887, in which year he 
was elected high sheriff of Burlington county, 
serving three years in that cajiacity. From 

1890 until about 1900 he conducted a farm in 
Lumberton, which he still owns, and in 1899 
was elected by popular vote steward of the 
Burlington County .-Mmshouse, which office he 
is filling at the present time ( 1909), serving 
on his fourth term. In 1877 Mr. Harbert was 
appointed United States ganger for the coun- 
ties of Burlington, Monmouth, Mercer, Ocean, 
.\tlantic, Cumberland, Salem, Camden and 
Cajje 'Slay, under the administration of Presi- 
dent Hayes ( William B. Tatum, collector). He 
also served under the administration of Presi- 
dents Garfield and Arthur. L'pon the election 
of Grover Cleveland to the presidency, he ten- 
dered his resignation, but it was not accepted 
until eighteen months later. He was again ap- 
pomted upon the election of William H. Harri- 
son to the presidency, and resigned upon the 
second election of Grover Cleveland. During 
this period of time Isaac Moffitt acted as 
collector. Mr. Harbert was a member of the 
board of freeholders of Mt. Holly in 1876-77 
and 1879-80. He is a member of Mt. Holly 
Lodge, No. 19, I. O. O.F. ; New Jersey Lodge, 
No. I, K. of P., and is an attendant of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, 

Mr. Harbert married, February 10, 1863, 
Mary T., daughter of Zachariah Rogers and 
Mary .-\nn (Carlisle) Reeves, of Alt. Holly. 
In December, i8<;)8, they removed to Crystal 
Sjirings, Cojjiah county, Mississippi, where on 
June 27, 1869 Blanche R. Harbert was born. 
In January, 1870, they returned to Alt. Holly, 
New Jersey. Blanche R. was graduated from 
Mt. Holly high school, 1885, and from Borden- 
town Female College, 1888. She married, 
March 9, 1892, Edgar G. .\llen, and their 
children were: Barclay H., born February i, 
1894, and Alary E., Alay i, 1896. Air. .\IIen 
died from the effects of a railroad accident, 
January 3, 1909. The second child of George 
b'rank and Alary T. Harbert was Eugene, born 
in Alt. Holly, New Jersey, Alay 22, 1875; he 
attended Professor Walradt's .Vcademy in that 
town, afterwards spent two years at Peddie 
Institute, Hightstown, New Jersey, graduat- 
ing with the class of 1897. He entered the 
medical department of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, and received his degree of AI. D. in 
June, 1899. He was associated with Dr. Enoch 
Hollingshead, of Pemberton, Xew Jersey, and 
in 1900 was ajipointed physician of Burlington 
County Almshouse, and when the insane asylum 
of the county of P>urlington was comiileted in 
1901, he was the first j)hysician appointed to 
that institution. He married Cora, daughter 
of (iarrett Logan, of Beverly, New Jersey. 



October, 1902. In May, 1903. removed to 
East Orange, New Jersey, and there practiced 
liis profession very successfully, removing to 
Beverly, Xew Jersey, in 1908. Children : Gar- 
rett Eogan, born in Orange, Januar\- 5, 1905, 
died July 2b, 1907. Eugenia, born in Orange, 
September 8, 1908. 

The German mechanic, notably 
GROni.h^R the workers in wood and those 
accustomed to the various pro- 
cesses of vaneering. inlaying and the deft art 
of coloring and shading by the use of the light 
or dark colored woods, have almost invariably 
made in America quiet, home-loving and in- 
dustrious citizens. They could possibly find 
behind them an ancestry worthy of note and 
preservation, but the spirit of the immigrant 
from Germany has been generally to depend on 
the future rather than on the past and to look 
ahead and not backwards. On leaving the 
fatlierland, they cut loose from tradition and, 
with their first American ancestor as their 
starting point, are making name and fame dur- 
ing their first, second and third generations in 

(I) Augustus William Grobler was born in 
Germany, in 1835, where he attended school 
according to law, and when fourteen years of 
age, with his brother William came to America. 
( His sister W'illimetta remained in Gennany), 
They landed in Xew York City in 1849. Au- 
gustus William worked on a farm in Vin- 
centown, Burlington county. New Jersey, when 
he first landed, and then was an apprentice 
to the cabinet making business at Elizabeth- 
town, and subsequently at Juliustown for Joel 
Mount, in Burlington county, New Jersey. He 
worked at his trade of cabinet making in Pem- 
berton in the same county for Edward Dob- 
bins, cabinet maker and undertaker. At the 
breaking out of the civil war his inherited love 
of military life and desire to aid the country 
he had adopted as his own, prevailed on him 
to raise a company of volunteers and the Union 
army in the defense of the United States 
against disruption by secession. The sentiment 
that most strongly appealed to him, as it did 
to most foreign born citizens, was the freedom 
of the negro from enforced slavery. He found 
but little difficulty in gathering one hundred 
recruits who agreed to join him in forming 
a company, and on August 26, 1862, he was 
commissioned captain of the company, which 
was made Company E, Twenty-third Regi- 
ment New Jersey Volunteers, of which Ed- 
ward Burd Grubb, of Burlington, New Jersey, 

was lieutenant-colonel. The regiment enlisted 
for nine months service, and was mustered 
into the United States service, September 13, 
1862. On February 23, 1863, Captain Grobler 
resigned on account of disability, and re-enlist- 
ed .August 25, 1863, and was mustered into 
service September 21, 1863, and commissioned 
.second lieutenant of Company C, Thirty-fourth 
New Jersey Volunteers, enlisted for three 
years service. He soon received promotion to 
first lieutenant, and served with the regiment 
and participated in all its battles up to the close 
of the war, when he was mustered out and 
honorably discharged, his last duty being at the 
United States Navy Yard, Philadelphia. 

He remained in Philadelphia, where he 
established the business of retail grocer. He 
also established himself in that city as a manu- 
facturer of caskets, under the firm name of 
Grobler & Middleton. In 1874 he returned to 
Pemberton, where he bought out the business 
of his form«- employer, then owned by Ed- 
ward Remine, and conducted the business of 
cabinet making and undertaking up to the time 
of his death, which occurred at Pemberton, 
New Jersey. May 20, 1901. He was a member 
of Mount Holly Lodge, No. 14, F. and A. M. ; 
Pemberton Lodge, No. 49, Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows ; Amo Lodge, No. in. Knights 
of Pythias, Pemberton; a comrade of General 
A. E. Shires Post, No. 26, Grand Army of the 
Republic, and he was an officer in the several 
organizations except Mt. Holly Lodge, No. 14, 
F. and A. M. He was treasurer of the Pem- 
berton Building and Loan Association at the 
time of his death, and also a trustee and dea- 
con in the Baptist church. He had served for 
several terms as commissioner of appeals and 
road commissioner of the town of Pemberton, 
and was held in high esteem as a citizen, 
patriot and trusted official. He married, 1864, 
Mary, daughter of Samuel C. and Drusilla 
( Johnson ) Rambo, and granddaughter of 
Benjamin Rambo, born in Woodbury, Glou- 
cester county. New Jersey, and his wife Mary 
( Cooper ) Rambo, who had besides Mary five 
other children: Joseph, Samuel, Martha, 
Epecorus and Sarah. Her brothers and sisters 
were : Joseph J. Rambo, born in Pemberton, 
New Jersey, May 10, 1842, who married (first) 
Rebecca Oliver, who with her first born child 
was drowned, and (second) Florence Oliver, 
his deceased wife's sister, who had one child, 
Rebecca; Lydia., who was the second wife of 
Captain Augustus Grobler ; and Anna, who 
married John J. Branda. Mary (Ramlx)) 
Grobler was born in Pemberton, New Jersey, 



in 1845, 'I'l'l "^I'd i" 1871, leaving one child, 
Augustus liadger Groblcr (cj. v.). Captain 
Grobler married (second) Lj'dia, sister of his 
deceased wife, and by her had three children: 
William, Mary and Efifie. 

(II) Augustus Badger, only child of Cap- 
tain Augustus William and ^lary (Rambo) 
Grobler, was born in I'emberton, Burlington 
county, Xew Jersey, July 18, 1865. He attend- 
ed the public schools of his native town, and 
engaged in cabinet making and the undertaking 
business with his father as soon as he reached 
his fifteenth year, and under his direction and 
through the introduction of the latest methods 
in manufacturing and handling, the business 
increased both in volume and profits. He 
followed his father in political faith, and was 
elected to the office of coroner for Burlington 
county, serving in that office for three years. 
He affiliated with Central Lodge, No. 44, F. 
and A. M., of Vincentown ; with Pemberton 
Lodge, No. 44, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows; with ^Amo Lodge, No. in. Knights 
of Pythias, of Pemberton, and gained admis- 
sion to the Grand Lodge ; with the Protective 
Order, Sons of America, Camp No. 49, of 
Pemberton ; with the Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks, Lodge No. 848, of Mount 
Holly; and with Maumee Tribe of Red Men, 
No. 53, of Pemberton. He was brought up 
in the faith of the Baptist denomination, of 
which church his father was a leading member, 
and he contributed generously to the work and 
financial support of that society. He married, 
July 18. 1892, Laura J., daughter of Charles 
P. and .Adlie (Johnson) Nutt, of Pemberton, 
their first child, Daniel Earl, was born Sep- 
tember 19. 1893, ^Ti their second child, Edith 
Kingdom, Noveinber 5, 1899. 

The civil war was a school of 
KXlliilT instruction anl discipline that 

turned out many notable grad- 
uates, whn but fur the opportunity thus offered 
might have lived and died in oblivion. Very 
few of the veterans who escaped the deadly 
effects of change of climate and mode of living 
that renrlcred so many permanent invalids, or 
who came back with whole bodies uninjured 
1)y tile bullets of the enemy, failed to succeed 
in civil life. They had experienced a process 
of preparation that made them men of thought 
and action and nut droues in the busy hive of 
life. The country had taken a new grip on 
])rosperity and needed just such men to help 
along the wheels of progress and rchabitation. 
It is helpful til the \-()uuir to read of these 

examples of heroic endeavor, fired as they 
were by patriotism and proving proof against 
imbecility or cowardice. In the instance before 
us we have as well the apparently entire ab- 
sence of the influence of parents or guardians. 
Left alone from early youth and forced to 
fight the battle of life among strangers, we 
find pure gold comes out of apparent dross. 

( I ) Gilbert W. Knight was the only child 
of his parents who lived in Philadelphia, where 
he was born in 1831. He had no knowl- 
edge of the names or future of his parents, as 
he came to Burlington county, New Jersey, 
when quite young and lived at Tabernacle. 
He learned the blacksmith trade, which he 
followed until 1862, when he enlisted in the 
Twenty-third Xew Jersey \'olunteer Regiment 
under Colonel Henry 0. Ryerson for nine 
months service. He was assigned to the com- 
pany of which Lieutenant E. Burd Grubb, of 
ISurlington, Xew Jersey, was in command and 
from which rank Lieutenant Grubb was pro- 
moted to major on Novefnber 23, 1862. The 
regiment was assigned to the First Brigade, 
Colonel A. T. A. Torbert ; First Division, 
Brigadier-General William T. H. Brooks; 
Sixth Army Corps, Major-General \^'illiam 
Farror Smith ; Left Grand Division, Major- 
General William B. Franklin ; Army of the 
Potomac. Major-General .Andrew E. Burnside, 
and in that position fought the Confederate 
army of Cjeneral Robert E. Lee, at Fredericks- 
burg, X'irginia, December 13, 1862, and the 
Federal army w'as repulsed with a loss of fif- 
teen hundred and twelve killed and six thous- 
and wounded. His next battle was at Fred- 
ericksburg, May 3, 1863, known as the Battle 
of Cliancellorsville, the army having been re- 
fonned and General Josejih Hooker placed in 
command. The relative jiosition of the Twenty- 
third Xew Jersey \'olunteers in the army was 
the same as occupied on the first battle of De- 
cember 13, the changes in command placing 
Major E. I'urd (Irubb as lieutenant-colonel in 
command of the regiment and the fortunes of 
battle giving the command of the brigade to 
Colonel Henry W. Brown, Colonel William 
H. Penrose, Colonel Sanuiel L. Buck and back 
to Colonel William H. Petirose and the Sixth 
Army Corps to Major-General John Sedge- 
wick. The main battle fought on Sunday, 
May 3, again resulted in the defeat of the 
Federal troops, and in the meantime General 
.Sedgewick with the Sixth Corps had crossed 
the Rappahannock and occupied Fredericks- 
bin-g. but he was also defeated and comjielled 
to retire to the northern bank of the river, not 



being able witb a single corps to sustain his 
])osts against the entire army of General Lee. 
This battle cost each army at least fifteen 
thousand men in killed, wounded and prisoners. 
Soon after the disaster at Chancellorsville, 
that changed the fortunes of war in favor of 
the Confederate army, the term of enlistment 
of the Twenty-third New Jersey had expired 
and the regiment was ordered to camp at 
Beverly, New Jersey, preparatory to being 
mustered out. when the news of the invasion 
of Pennsylvania by Lee's army reached camp 
and the regiment under Colonel Budd volun- 
teered to serve as emergency men. They 
reached Jiarrisburg before any other regular 
troops had reached that city, and they pro- 
ceeded to entrench the place, but before they 
were ordered to the front they were summarily 
directed back to camp at Beverly and disband- 
ed, June 27, 1863. Thereupon Colonel Burd 
set about reforming the regiment as the Thirty- 
seventh and they left Trenton, June 28, 1863, 
to report to General Butler at Bermuda Hun- 
dred, Virginia, where they took part in the 
battles before Petersburg, for which one hun- 
dred days service the regiment was compli- 
mented in general orders by General Berry 
as being unexceptionally a superior regiment of 
one hundred days men. Gilbert W. Knight 
was married soon after the close of the civil 
war in 1865 to Elizabeth J., daughter of Will- 
iam Bareford, of Tabernacle, New Jersey, and 
their only child was Harry Laban (q. v.j. 

( n ) Harry Laban, only child of Gilbert W. 
and Elizabeth J. ( Bareford) Knight, was born 
at Taljemacle, Burlington county, New Jersey, 
July 24, 1 868, and he worked on farms and 
attended the public school of his native place. 
On arriving at his majority, he found employ- 
ment in the railroad office at Med ford, where 
in addition to his labors as clerk and station 
agent he learned the art of telegraphy. He 
remained in charge of the railroad station at 
Mcdford from 1891 to 1906, when he resigned 
to accept the jjosition of postmaster at Aled- 
ford, of which office he still had charge in 1909. 
He was also interested in the cranberry cul- 
ture as secretary and treasurer of the New 
Jersey Cranberry Sales Company, and as owner 
and cultivator of twenty acres of cranberry 
bog in Burlington county, which he had in ten 
years brought to a high stage of productive- 
ness and profit. Besides being postmaster, 
Mr. Knight has served as township clerk, col- 
lector of ta.ves, and member of the board of 
education. His affiliations with benevolent and 
fraternal associations included membership in 

• the Medford Lodge, No. 178, Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons, of Medford, of which 
lodge he is past master; in the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, Lodge No. 100, of 
Medford; in the Knights of Pythias, Lodge 
No. 108, of Medford ; in the Junior Order of 
United .\mcrican Mechanics, sub-council No. 
9, of Medford; in the Knights of the Golden 
Eagle, sub-castle, of Medford; of the May- 
flower Council, No. 33, Order of Settlers and 
Defenders of America, incorporated in 1899. 
Mr. Knight married. April 21, 1893, Lillie R.. 
daughter of Arthur and Amanda M. (Austin) 
Haines, of Tabernacle, New Jersey, and their 
only child \"erna L. was born in Medford, 
New Jersey, June 29, 1897. 

The family of this name' 
(GARWOOD have been residents of the 
state of New Jersey for sev- 
eral centuries, and those who represent it today 
move among the best circles of social and busi- 
ness activity. 

( I ) Japhet Garwood the first of the name 
of whom we have record, was born in Upper 
Evesham tuwnshi]), Burlington county. New 
Jersey. 1720, married and among his children 
was Israel (q. v.). 

(II) Israel, son of Japhet Garwood, was 
born near Medford, New Jersey, 1750, mar- 
ried and was the father of five children : 
Thomas, William, Samuel (q. v.), Elizabeth, 

( III ) Samuel, third son of Israel Garwood, 
of Upper Evesham township, Burlington 
county, New Jersey, was born in Southampton 
township, Burlington county. New Jersey, 
177Q. He was a farmer in his native township 
and also carried on a distillery and was an all- 
around mechanic, also to do both carpentering 
and working in iron as a machinist. He mar- 
ried Mary Newton, of Southampton township, 
and they had seven children, born at follows : 
Hannah, William, Elizabeth, Joshua (q. v.), 
Samuel, Mary Jane, Israel, March, 1825, and 
living in Medford in 1909. Samuel Garwood 
died at his homestead, October 35, 1865. 

(I\') Joshua, second son and fourth child 
of Samuel and Mary (Newton) Garwood, was 
born in Southampton township, Burlington 
county. New Jersey, 1803. He attended the dis- 
trict school, was brought u]) on his father's farm, 
and he continued in the same calling on reach- 
ing manhood. He added to his income by deal- 
ing in cattle from the west, which he gathered 
up and shipped to Burlington and other markets 
bv the carload. He also bred fine stock and 



blooded horses and moulded and burned brick, 
made from clay found on his farm. He was 
a Democrat in party politics, and a member of 
the Society of Friends, attending the Hicksite 
-Meeting in Medford. He married Hannah, 
daughter of Job and Hope Braddock, of 
Gresham township, and they lived in Medford, 
where they had ten children born to them, as 
follows: I. Henry, who lives in Aledford, 
Xew Jersey. 2. Sarah, married William Allen, 
a farmer who carried on a farm near Vin- 
centown, .\'e\v Jersey, where she died. 3. 
Ellen, who lived to be seventeen years of age. 
4. Job, died young. 5. Hannah, died unmar- 
ried. 6. Frank, died unmarried. 7. Hope, 
married Joseph Taylor, a farmer of Woodford, 
where she died. 8. Samuel (c|. v.). 9. Charles, 
lives in Medford. 10. J. Maurice, a merchant 
in Medford. Joshua Garwood died at his 
home in Southampton township in 1866. 

(\) Samuel (2), fourth son and eighth 
child of Joshua and Hannah (Braddock) Gar- 
wood, was born in ^^ledford, Burlington county, 
N'ew Jersey, November, 1857. He attended 
the Haines' Corner school house, a pay school 
in Medford, and Pierce's Business College in 
Philadelphia, where he was graduated in 1876. 
His employment was clerk and bookkeeper in 
a large hoarding house at Atlantic City, where 
he remained four years, when he returned to 
Medford, where he established a business as 
jiainter and house decorator, which business 
he carried on for ten years. In 1889 he joined 
John P). Mingin, Frank Reiley and others in 
organizing the Star Glass Company, which is 
carried on as a joint stock company, amjily 
ca])talized, with a business office and sales- 
rooms in Philadelphia and Mr. Mingin as presi- 
dent and su])erintendent of the manufacture 
of glass. .\ general store was started in con- 
nection with the glas.s works in 1892, and Mr. 
(Garwood was placed in charge of the store 
in Medford. He was also made a director of 
the Medford ( ias Company. His political faith 
was that of the Democratic party, and his 
religious faith that of the Hicksite branch of 
tlie Society of Friends and he attended the 
Hicksite Meeting at Medford. He was affili- 
ated with the Masonic fraternity through Med- 
ford Lodge, No. 187, of which he is past 
master. He was advanced to the Royal Arch 
Chapter and made a Knight Templar at lUir- 
lington. Mr. Garwood was married in 1881 by 
Friends' ceremony to Ella, daughter of Ed- 
mond and Kebecca ( .Andrews ) Prickett, of 
Medford. and they had two children born of 
this marriage as follows: t. Carlton, born Sej)- 

tcmber 19, 1883, ^t Atlantic City, Xew Jersey, 
and after graduating at Union Business Col- 
lege, Philadelphia, he became assistant man- 
ager of the Star Glass Company at Medford. 
He married Ray, daughter of Henry and Caro- 
line (Brown) Wright, of Indian Mills, New 
Jersey, and their first child, Samuel, born in 
Aleclford, July 21, 1908, is of the seventh gen- 
eration from Japhet (jarwood, the immigrant 
ancestor. 2. Irene, born in Medford, New 
Jersey, December 13, 1891, educated at 
George's F"riends' School, Newtown, I'ennsyl- 

The Seaver family of New Eng- 
.SEA\'ER land is descended from Robert 

Seaver, who was born about 
the year 1608. March 24, 1633-34, at the age 
of alx)ut twenty-five years, he took the oath 
of supremacy and allegiance to pass for New 
England in the ship "Mary and John," of Lon- 
don, Robert Say res, master (see "I-'ounders 
of Newbury," Drake). On tlie loth of De- 
cember, 1834, he married, in Roxbury, Massa- 
chusetts, Elizabeth Ballard. A William Bal- 
lard took the oath at the same time with Rob- 
ert Seaver, and presumably was a fellow pass- 
enger and a relative of Elizabeth. The church 
records show that "Elizabeth Ballard, a maide- 
servant she came in the year i|i33 and soone 
afterward joined to the church— -slie was after- 
ward married to Robert Seaver of this church 
were she led a goodly conversation." Robert 
Seaver was made freeman April 18, 1637. He 
built a house over a half mile from the meeting 
house, but was allowed to keep it by vote of 
the town, 1639, and the "halfe-mile law" was 
repealed in 1640. He was a selectman of 
Roxbury, 1665. Elizabeth, his wife, died June 
6, 1657. "1657 buryed. mo. 10 day 18, Sister 
.Seaver ye wife of Robert Seaver." "Also 
16(19 mo. 10 day 18, wife to Robert Seaver, 
buried." He must have had a third wife, for 
in his will made January 16, 1681, he pro- 
vides for his wife, christian name not given, 
and four children. Names of latter: Shubael, 
Caleb, Joshua, and son Samuel Crafts, who 
married his daughter Elizabeth. The latter 
was j)robably dead at the date of the will. 
Robert Seaver died (town records) May 13, 
1683, aged about seventy-five years. Rox- 
bury church record says "1683, mo 4 day 6 
Robert Seaver an aged Christian buryed." 
These dates are not uniform. Robert and 
IClizabelh (liallard) Seaver had : 1. Shubael, 
liorn January 31, 1639. died June 18, 1729. 2. 
Caleb, born August 30, 1641, died March 6, 



^7^3- 3- Joshua (twin with Caleb), died 
beore 1730. 4. Ehzabeth, born 1643, niarried 
Samuel Crafts (Crafts Genealogy) ; they had 
nine children and he died December 9, 1709. 

5. Nathaniel, born January 8, 1645. see post. 

6. Hannah, born and died 1647. 7. Hannah, 
born 1650, died 1653. 

(H) Nathaniel, son of Robert and Eliza- 
beth ( P>allard ) Seaver, was baptized in Rox- 
bury, January 8. 1645, and was slain by Indians 
in the battle at Sudbury, Massachusetts, April 
21, 1676, during King Philip's war. He was 
one of ten Sutlbury men who were killed on 
that day and served in Captain Wadsworth's 
company. The site of the battlefield where 
Captain W'adsworth so long held the Indians 
at bay is on what is now called "Green hill." 
While an attack was being made on a small 
body of eighteen minute-men under Edward 
Cowell. Captain Watlsworth and his company 
came upon the scene and seeing a small party 
oi Indians rushed forward with impetuous 
haste and were caught in the usual ambuscade, 
for when within about a mile of Sudbury they 
were induced to pursue a body of not more 
than one hundred Indians and soon found 
themselves drawn away about a mile into the 
woods, where on a sudden they were encom- 
passed by more than five hundred, and were 
forced to a retreating fight toward a hill where 
they made a brave stand for a time (one au- 
thority says four hours) and did heavy execu- 
tion on the enemy until (Hubbard says) the 
night coming on and some of the company be- 
ginning to scatter from the rest their compan- 
ions were forced to follow them, and thus 
being surrounded in the chase the officers and 
most of the company were slain. It is said 
that the savages set fire to the woods and thus 
forced the disastrous retreat, and only thirteen 
out of the entire company escaped to Noyes' 

mill. Nathaniel Seaver married Sarah , 

and by her had two children: i. John, born 
August 18, 1671. see post. 2. Sarah, died 
April 18, 1674. 

(Ill) John, only son of Nathaniel and 
Sarah Seaver, was born in Ro.xbury, Massa- 
chusetts, August 18, 1671. He married Sarah 

, and by her had ten children: i. Sarah, 

born Februarvi4, i6q6, married, December 15, 
17 1 4, .KifAaH^i^N'inchester. 2. Nathaniel, De- 
cember *2, 1697, see post. 3. John, October 6, 
1699, died Brookline,October2i, 1767. 4. Anna, 
1701, married, April 9. 1724, Thomas Stedman, 
Jr. 5. Lucy, November 24, 1703, married, 1725, 
John Goddard, of Brookline. 6. Andrew, 
1705. 7. Mar\', 1707. 8. Richard, 1710, mar- 

ried, November 30, 1748, Hannah Everett, of 
Roxbury. 9. Esther, November 13, 17 12, mar- 
ried, December i, 1756, Edward Sheaf, of 
Cambridge. 10. Elizabeth, September 12, 171 5. 

( I\" ) Nathaniel ( 2 ), son of John and Sarah 
Seaver, was born in Roxbury, December 22, 
1697, died in Brookline, Massachusetts, Octo- 
ber 2, 1768. He married (first) Hannah 
While, who died in Brookline, February 20, 
1742, and married (second) October 23, 1746, 
Sarah Stevens. Nathaniel Seaver had eleven 
children: i. Benjamin, born September 11, 
1729, died before September 17, 1768. 2. Han- 
nah, November 13, 1730. 3. Lucy, November 
24, 1731. 4. Sarah, April 12, 1733. 5. Han- 
nah, born July 16, 1735, died May 31, 182 1 ; 
married John Goddard, of Brookline. 6. Abi- 
jah, August 31, 1737. see post. 7. Lucy, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1739-40. 8. Mary. 9. Elizabeth. 
10. Susanna. 11. Nathaniel. 

( \" ) Abijah, son of Nathaniel (2) and Han- 
nah I White I .Seaver, was born August 31, 
1737, and married, March 29, 1764, Amie 
\\'inchester, of Brookline. They had five chil- 
dren : I. William, born May 6, 1765, married, 
L^ecember I, 1796, Lucy Heath. 2. Benjamin, 
Se])tember 28, 1766, died June 29, 1815; mar- 
ried, May 25, 1794, Debby Loud. 3. Joseph, 
baptized January 20, 1771, see post. 4. Na- 
thaniel, baptized May 16, 1773, married, No- 
vember I, 1798, Lydia Wilson. 5. Polly, mar- 
ried Levi I'ratt. 

(\I) Joseph, son of .\bijah and Anne 
( \\ inchester ) Seaver, was baptized January 
20, 1771, and married, November 17, 1799, 
.\bigail, daughter of Elisha Whitney. They 
had five children: i. Joseph, born June 17, 
1804, see post. 2. Elizabeth Whitney, married, 
June 29, 1823, George Seaver. 3. William 
Whitney, born April 6, 1806. 4. Nathaniel, 
September 24, 1808. 5. Abigail Dana, Septem- 
ber 16, 1810, died single. 

(\'II) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) and 
Abigail (Whitney) Seaver, was born in Rox- 
bury, Massachusetts, June 17, 1804. He mar- 
ried, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Phebe S. 
Elmes, born Augusta, Maine, and by her had 
nine children : 1. Joseph H., born January 22, 
1834, see post. 2. Emma. 3. Thomas Elmes. 
4. Maria E. 5. William Archer. 6. Frank. 
7. Charles. 8. Mary. 9. James R. S. 

(\ HI) Joseph IL, son of Joseph (2) and 
Phebe S. (Elmes) Seaver, was born in Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, January 22, 1834, re- 
ceived his education in the public schools and 
for many years has been actively identified 
with the business life of that citv, member of 



the stock exchange and former member of the 
brokerage firm of E. W. Clark & Company. 
Mr. Seaver is a Republican in politics and a 
consistent member of the Presbvterian church. 
In 1871 he married Mary Gillespie, born 1838, 
daughter of I-"ranklin Gillespie, who was born 
in Xew Castle, Delaware, a descendant of Rev. 
George Gillespie, who was a son of Rev. 
George Gillispie, the latter of whom attained 
fame through the authorshi]^ of a Scotch Pres- 
byterian catechism. He purchased from Will- 
iam Penn a considerable tract of land in the 
upper part of Delaware. Joseph H. and Mary 
(Gillespie) Seaver had three children: i. 
Jessie Gillespie, born 1872, married William 
Percy Simpson, of Overbrook, Pennsylvania, 
president of Eddystone Manufacturing Com- 
pany. One child, William Simpson. 2. .\rcher 
Whiting, 1874, died 1902; married Marion 
.Skinner, a native of North Carolina, and had 
one, son, .\rcher Whiting Seaver, Jr. 3. How- 
ard Eves, see post. 

(IX) Howard Eves, youngest son and child 
of Joseph H. and Mary (Gillespie) Seaver, 
was born in Philadelphia, Pennslyvania. May 
31. 1878, gradated from Princeton College in 
1 8(^8, and during the following year engaged 
in corundum mining in North Carolina. His 
subsequent business career may be mentioned 
as follows : Employee in the office of Strong, 
Sturgis & Company, brokers, of New York 
City, one year; associated in business with his 
father in Philadelphia, two years; went west 
as traffic manager for Bell Telephone Company 
and remained there about four years ; with 
Sloane Howe Company, Philadelphia, iron and 
steel commission house; and in 1908 purchased 
a farm of fifty acres at Brown's Alills, New 
Jersey ; and has recently established what is 
known as the Pine Park Poultry Farm, mak- 
ing ample preparations for carrying on an ex- 
tensive business in raising poultry and poultn,' 
products fi'r the market. 

The Kirkpalricks of 
Kl RK I'ATR l( 'l\ .\'ew Jersey come of an 

honorable and note- 
woithy .Scottish lineage, having from their 
first ai)]iearance in history showed the forcible 
characteristics and (|ualities which by the end 
of the eighteenth century had numbered them 
among the families of jirincipal importance 
and worth in New Jersey. Originally a Keltic 
family, they settled in Scotland in early times 
and by the ninth century had established them- 
selves in various parts of Dumfriesshire, espe- 
cially in Nithsdale, where in 1232 the estate of 

Closeburn was granted by King Alexander II., 
to Ivon Kirkpatrick, the ancestor of the Lords 
of (.'loseburn. In 1280 Duncan Kirkpatrick, 
of Closeburn, married the daughter of Sir 
David Carlisle, of Torthorwald, who was nearly 
related to William Wallace, and their son, Ivon 
Kirkpatrick, was one of the witnesses to the 
charter of Robert Bruce. In 1600 the Kirk- 
patricks of Closeburn were appointed by decree 
of the Lords in Council among the chieftains 
charged with the care of the border. Sir 
Thomas Kirkpatrick in the reign of James \T. 
of Scotland, one of the gentlemen of the privy 
chamber, obtained a patent of the freedom of 
the whole kingdom and his great-grandson, 
also Sir Thomas, was created in 1686 baron of 
Nova Scotia. The modern baronetcy dates 
from 1685, when the following arms were 
registered : Arms : Argent, a saltire and chief 
azure, the last charged with three cushions or; 
Crest : a hand holding a dagger in pale, distill- 
ing drops of blood; Motto: I mak sicker ("I 
make sure"). Among the noteworthy de- 
scendants in this line of the Kirkpatricks is 
the Empress Eugenie, whose maternal grand- 
father was William Kirkpatrick, of ^lalaga, 
Spain, whose ancestor was Sir Roger Kirk- 
patrick, eighth baron of Kylosbern or Close- 

(I) .Alexander Kirkpatrick, the .American 
progenitor of the family, was one of the scions 
of the Closeburn family, and was born at 
Watties Neach, county Dumfries, and died at 
Mine Brook, Somerset county. New Jersey, 
June 3. 1758. He was a Presb\lerian, but was 
warmly devoted to the cause of the Stuarts, 
and took part in the rising under the Earl of 
Mar for the old pretender. On account of this 
falling under the disfavor of the English gov- 
ernment, he emigrated first to Belfast, Ireland, 
and in the spring of 1736 came over to .Amer- 
ica, landed in Delaware, and went to Philadel- 
phia, but finally settled in Somerset county, 
.\ew Jersey, builditig his home on the southern 
slope of Round Mountain, about two miles 
from the present village of Basking Ridge. 
He was accompanied to this country by his 
brother, .Andrew Kirkpatrick, and the hitter's 
two sons anel two daughters, and this branch 
settled in Sussex county. New Jersey. By his 
wife Elizabeth, whom he married in Scotland, 
.Alexander Kirkpatrick had five children: i. 
Andrew, who married Margaret, daughter of 
Joseph Gaston, who emigrated to New Jersey 
about 1720. They had one son, .Alexander, 
and seven daughters. He inherited the home- 
stead at Mine Brook, but sold it soon after his 



father's death to his brother David and re- 
moved to what was then called the "Redstone 
country" in Pennsylvania. 2. David, who is 
referred to below. 3. Alexander, who was a 
surveyor and also a merchant at Peapack, 
Warren county; married Margaret Anderson, 
nf Round Brook, and had Martha, who mar- 
ried John Stevenson. 4. Jennet, who married 
Duncan McEowen and removed to Maryland. 
5. Mary, who married John Bigger and re- 
moved from New Jersey. 

(II) David, the second child and son of 
Alexander and Elizabeth Kirkpatrick, was 
born at Watties Neach, county Dumfries, Scot- 
land, February 17, 1724, and died at Mine 
lirook. Xew Jersey, Alarch ig, 1814. Com- 
ing to .America with his father, he bought from 
Iiis brother .\ndrew the paternal homestead at 
Mine Ijrook, and lived there, "greatly esteemed 
and loved." In his habits he was plain and 
simple, while he was noted for his strict integ- 
rity, his sterling common sense, and his great 
energy and self reliance. In 1765 he was a 
member of the legislature of New Jersey. He 
built at Mine Brook the stone mansion, still 
standing, over the doors of which he carved 
the initials "D. M. K." David Kirkpatrick 
married. March 31, 1748, Mary McEowen, 
born in Argyleshire, August I, 1728, died at 
Mine P.rook, New Jersey, November 2, 1795. 
Their seven children were: i. Elizabeth, born 
September 27, 174.9, died 1829; married (first) 
a Mr. Sloan and became the mother of the 
Rev. William B. Sloan, pastor of the Presby- 
terian church at Greenwich, Warren county. 
New Jersey; she married (second) William 
Maxwell. 2. Alexander, born September 3, 
1751, died September 24, 1827; married Sarah 
Carle, daughter of Judge John Carle, of Long 
Hill, Morris county, and had thirteen children, 
the fourth of whom was the Rev. Jacob Kirk- 
patrick, D. D., of Ringoes, New Jersey, whose 
son, the Rev. Jacob Kirkpatrick, D. D., was 
for many years a clergyman at Trenton, New 
Jersey. 3. .Andrew, who is referred to below. 
5. David, born November I, 1758. 6. Mary, 
born November 23, 1761, died July i, 1842; 
married Hugh Gaston, of Peapack, New Jersey, 
the son of John or Roljert, and the grandson of 
Joseph Gaston, the emigrant. 7. Anne, born 
March 10, 1769, married Dickinson Miller, of 
Somerville. New Jersey. 

(III) The Hon. Andrew, third child and 
second son of David and Mary (McEowen) 
Kirkpatrick, chief justice of New Jersey, was 
born at Mine Brook, February 17, 1756; died 
in New Brunswick, New Jersey, in 1831. In 

1775 he graduated from the College of New 
Jersey, now Princeton University, and later 
received from that institution and also from 
Queens, now Rutgers College, the degree of 
M. A. He was for many years one of the 
trustees of his alma mater. Plis father, who 
was an ardent Presbyterian, wished him to be- 
come a minister, and for several months after 
his graduation he studied divinity with the 
Rev. Dr. Kennedy ; but his preference lay in 
the direction of the law, and he, owing to his 
father's anger at his stopping his theological 
studies, accepted a tutor's position in a Vir- 
ginia family, and somewhat later a similar one 
with a family at Esopus, New York. He then 
went to New Brunswick, where he tutored 
men for college, and entered the law office of 
the Hon. William Paterson, at one time gov- 
ernor of New Jersey, and later justice of the 
United States supreme court, and one of the 
most eminent lawyers of New Jersey of his 
day. In 1785 Mr. Kirkpatrick was admitted 
to the New Jersey bar, and for a short time 
he practiced in Morristown, but his office and 
library having been destroyed by fire, he re- 
moved again to New Brunwick, where he be- 
came noted for his great native ability, untir- 
ing industry and stern integrity. In 1797 he 
was elected to the New Jersey assembly from 
Middlesex county, and sat for the first part 
of the term, but resigned in January, 1798, in 
order to assume the office of associate justice 
of the supreme court of New Jersey, which 
office he held for the ensuing six years, when 
he became chief justice, succeeding Chief-Jus- 
tice Kinsey. To this post he was twice re- 
elected, and in this capacity he served continu- 
ously for twenty-one years. His decisions were 
marked by extensive learning, great acumen, 
and power of logical analysis, and his strictly 
logical mind and great personal dignity coupled 
with bus other qualities made him one of the 
great historical characters of the New Jersey 
bench. Among other things he created the 
office of reporter of the decisions of the su- 
preme court. He was eminently public spirit- 
ed, and was the foimder of the theological 
seminary at Princeton, and for many years 
the first president of its board of directors. 
He was in politics an Anti-Federalist or Re- 
publican, the party now known as the Demo- 
cratic, and at one time was its candidate for 
governor of New Jersey. Among his many 
excellent ciualities he was especially esteemed 
and admired for his keen sense of justice, his 
considerateness and loyalty. November i, 
1792, Judge Andrew Kirkpatrick married 



Jane, born July 12. 1772, died February 16, 
185 1, seventh child and eldest daughter of 
Colonel John lUihenheim Bayard, by his first 
wife, Margaret, daughter of Andrew Hodge. 
She was widely known for her accomplish- 
ments, her benevolence, and beautiful christian 
character, and was the author of "The Light 
of Other Days," edited by her daughter, Mrs. 
Jane E. Cogswell. The children of Andrew 
and Jane (Bayard) Kirkpatrick were: i. 
Mary Ann Margaret, died March 17, 1882; 
married the Rev. Samuel B. Howe, pastor of 
the First Reformed Church at New Bruns- 
wick. 2. John Bayard, who is referred to be- 
low. 3. Littleton, born October 19, 1797; died 
August 15, 1859; graduated at Princeton, 
1815; a leader of the New Jersey bar, promi- 
nent in public life; attorney-general of New 
Jersey, and a member of congress from New 
Jersey. 4. Jane Eudora, died March, 1864; 
married the Rev. Jonathan Cogswell, D. D., 
professor of ecclesiastical history at the East 
Windsor Theological Seminary. 5. Elizabeth. 
6. Sarah. 7. Charles Martel. 

(IV) John Bayard, the second child and 
eldest son of the Hon. Andrew and Jane 
(Bayard) Kirkpatrick, was born in New 
Brunswick, August 15, 1795; died there Feb- 
ruary 24, 1864. He was one of the most con- 
spicuous of the merchants of the town, and 
was engaged largely in foreign trade. I-'or 
some time he was the third assistant auditor 
of the United States treasury department at 
Washington, District of Columbia, but in 1851 
he returned to New Brunswick. In 1842 he 
married Margaret Weaver, who died in June, 
1889, and their children were: i. Andrew, 
who is referred to below. 2. John Bayard, 
born February 14, 1847; now living in New 
I'runswick, graduated from Rutgers College 
in icS(if), and is active in business and in the 
financial interests of his town ; he is commis- 
sioner of i)ublic works, city treasurer and a 
trustee of Rutgers College. June 28, 1871, he 
married Mary E. H., daughter of John Phil- 
lips, of New York City. 

{V) The Hon. Andrew (2I, eldest son of 
John Bayard and Margaret (Weaver) Kirk- 
patrick. was born in \Vashington, District of 
Columbia, October 8, 1844; died in Newark, 
New Jersey, May 3, 1904. Returning with his 
parents to New Brunswick, he was educated 
in New Jersey, at Rutgers grammar school, 
Princeton College, where he remained for 
three years and left to graduate at Union Col- 
lege. Schenectady, New York, from which he 
graduated in 18O3. receiving his honorary de- 

gree of M. A. from Princeton University in 
1870, and in 1903 the degree of LL. D. from 
Union College. He then entered the office of 
the Hon. Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen, 
of Newark, and was admitted to the New 
Jersey bar as attorney in 1866, and as coun- 
sellor in 1869. For several years he practiced 
as one of the members of the firm of Frederick 
Theodore Frelinghuysen, and then he went 
into partnership with the Hon. Frederick H. 
Teese. He was eminently successful, and was 
a recognized leader. In April, 1885, he was 
appointed judge of the Essex county court of 
common pleas by Governor Abbett, and con- 
tinuously reappointed until 1896, when he re- 
signed to become judge of the United States 
district court for New Jersey, which position 
was then ottered to him by President Grover 
Cleveland. This position he held until his 
death. "His career on the bench showed a 
wide knowledge of the law, together with a 
large fund of common sense, and his methods 
were celebrated for this latter trait. He ac- 
quitted himself with honor, and the brevity of 
his charges to juries was frequently comment- 
ed on * * * His legal knowledge was 
brought to bear on the cases, to the disen- 
tanglement of many knotty ]iroblems. His 
record as a federal judge was brilliant, and to 
his courtesy and humanity there were hun- 
dreds to testify. Quick-witted, intolerant of 
shams of any kind, and broad-minded. Judge 
Kirkpatrick conducted cases to the admiration 
of lawyers and jurists of many minds * * * 
He possessed wide reading and because of the 
soundness of his judgment his opinions car- 
ried weight in the legal world. They were re- 
garded as peculiarly clear in statement and had 
the quality of being easily comprehended by 
the lay mind. He was a keen student of human 
nature, a man of force and insight of char- 
acter." .Vmong the important commercial and 
corporation cases determined by him were the 
United States Steel Company, the United 
States Shipbuilding Company, and the "As- 
phalt Trust." Fie was essentially the lawyer 
and the judge with administrative jjowers of a 
high order, and on one memorable occasion he 
exercised these powers for the great advantage 
of one of the most extensive businesses in the 
country. In 1893 the Domestic Manufactur- 
ing company failed, and Jutlgc Kirkpatrick 
was appointed receiver with authority to con- 
tinue the business of making and selling Do- 
mestic sewing machines. Notwithstanding the 
imexampled financial depression which mark- 
ed the year of the World's Fair he discharged 

^.^^'^ C i^^^ f / cJc^Xii,^-^^^^' 





his trust with such skill that works with hun- 
dreds of employees continued in operation, and 
at the expiration of his official term as receiver 
he delivered the property to the stockholders 
entirely freed from its embarrasments and 
with assets sufficient to pay all of its creditors 
in full. He was one of the organizers and for 
some time was president of the Eederal Trust 
Company, a director in the Howard Savings 
Institution, treasurer of the T. P. Howell 
Compan}-, a director in the Fidelity Title and 
Deposit Company, a director in the Newark 
Gas Company, a member of the Newark city 
hall commission, and a member of the New- 
ark sinking fund commission. He was the 
type of all that is highest and best in Ameri- 
can civilization, of the purest integrity, and 
the loftiest ideals, devoted to the obligations 
of his family and bound to his friends by at- 
tachments most amiable and attractive in his 
private character. He was the treasurer and 
one of the original governors of the Essex 
Club, and one of the organizers of the Sons 
of the American Revolution. In 1869 he mar- 
ried (first) Alice, daughter of Joel W. and 
Margaret ( Harrison) Condit, the sister of 
Estelle Condit, who married Thomas Tal- 
madge Kinney. Their three children were : 
I. Andrew, of New York City, born October 
12, 1870; educated at St. Paul's school. Con- 
cord, New Hampshire ; spent one year at Cor- 
nell, and five years in the Pennsylvania rail- 
road shops at Altoona ; became assistant road 
foreman of engines of the Pennsylvania rail- 
road, and is now in the automobile business ; 
he married Mae Bittner and has one child, 
Andrew. Jr. 2. John Bayard, who is referred 
to below. 3. Alice Condit, born December 11, 
1874; graduated from St. Agnes school, Al- 
bany, New York. In 1883 Judge .Andrew 
Kirkpatrick married (second) Louise C, 
daughter of Theodore P. and Elizabeth Wood- 
ruff (King) Howell, of New York City, and 
their three children are : 4. Littleton, who is 
referred to below. 5. Isabella, born January 
18, 1886; married Albert H. Marckwald, of 
Short Hills, New Jersey. 6. Elizabeth, born 
August 2, 1895. 

(VI) John Bayard, the second child and 
son of the Hon. Andrew (2) and Alice (Con- 
dit) Kirkpatrick. was born in Newark. New 
Jersey, May i, 1872, and is now living in that 
city. Preparing for college in St. Paul's school. 
Concord. New Hampshire ; he graduated from 
Harvard University in 1894. .and from the 
same institution's law school in 1897. He 
then read law with Coult & Howell and was 

admitted to the New Jersey bar at attorney in 
February. 1898. and as counsellor in Febru- 
ary, 1 89 1. For the next three years he worked 
in partnership with Joseph D. Gallegher and 
then set up in practice for himself in Newark. 
Mr. Kirkpatrick is a Democrat, but has held 
no office nor does he belong to any secret soci- 
eties. He is a member of three of the Har- 
vard clubs, namely those of New Jersey, New 
York and Philadelphia, and also a member 
of the Lawyers' Club, the Union Club, the 
Essex Club, the Engineers' Club, of New 
York. He is a communicant of Grace Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church, of Newark, and is 
one of the trustees of St. Matthews Church. 
He is a director in the Neptune Meter Com- 
pany, in the New Jersey Patent Holding Com- 
pany and the New Jersey Title and Abstract 
Company. He is unmarried. 

(\'^I) Littleton, the only son of the Hon. 
Andrew (2) and Louise C. (Howell) Kirk- 
patrick, was born in Newark, New Jersey. 
September 2, 1884, and is now living at 
243 Mount Prospect avenue in that city. 
For his early education he went to the Newark 
Academy, and then prepared for college in St. 
Paul's school. Concord, New Hampshire, after 
leaving which he graduated from Princeton 
University in 1906. He then became superin- 
tendent of the blast furnace of the New Jersey 
Zinc Company at Palmerton, Pennsylvania, 
and a year later went to Cuba as assistant 
treasurer for the Stewart Sugar Company. 
After a year of this he returned to Newark 
and is now in the real estate and insurance 
business, imder the firm name of Kirkpatrick 
& Yoting. Mr. Kirkpatrick is a Democrat, 
but he has held no office and he belongs to no 
secret societies. He is a member of the Prince- 
ton Club, of New York ; of the University 
Cottage Club, of Princeton, and of the Union 
Club, of Newark. June 9, 1908, Littleton 
Kirkpatrick married, in Newark, Amanda 
Lewis, the fourth child and third daughter of 
Edward Nichols and Cordelia (Matthews) 
Crane, born . December 3, 1884. They have 
one daughter. 

This name, so closely identified 
COBB with the early iron industries 

founded in Essex county, New 
Jersey, at the beginning of the eighteenth cen- 
tury, first appears in Massachusetts in connec- 
tion with the same industry founded at Taun- 
ton, Plymouth Colony, in 1639. Already the 
Winthrop Company at Braintree had estab- 
lished a bloomery and forge, having imported 



skilled workmen from Wales to operate the 
works. The absence of a circulating medium 
except wampum, and measures of Indian corn, 
found a new medium in the manufactured iron 
and even in the pig as it came from the bloom- 
ery. Plows and hoes were a prime necessity 
in the cultivation of Indian corn, the chief food 
of the Colonists, and the iron industry as- 
sumed an importance second to no other in the 
colony. At Two Mile river, near Taunton, the 
supply of iron ore appeared to be inexhaust- 
able and the proprietors of that town at once 
set about to develop the mines. The pro- 
prietors of the First Company organized in 
1653-54 included twenty-three residents and 
proprietors of the town, and the thirteenth 
one on the list of subscribers w'as John Cobb, 
or Cob, as then written. Additional capital 
was furnished from Plymouth, Boston, Salem 
and Braintree, in Alassachusetts, and by Provi- 
dence and Newport, in Rliode Island. The 
product of the bloomeries and forges there 
established was transported by wagon to Bos- 
ton and Salem and by small sloops to Provi- 
dence, Newport and even to New York. This 
trade put Taunton in close touch with the 
western world as it then existed, and for the 
time the iron mines of Taunton were the gold 
mines of more favored Spanish-America. The 
mines at Taunton were in charge of Henry 
and James Leonard and Ralph Russell. Cap- 
tain Thomas Cobb married a daughter of 
James Leonard and in this way the Cobbs be- 
came more firmly allied to the iron industry, 
and when the iron mines of Morris county, 
New Jersey, presented new fields of quickly 
acquired wealth, we find the Cobbs at Rocka- 
way. East New Jersey. The progenitor of 
these thrifty and enterprising colonists was 
Henry Cobb (q. v.). 

(I) Henry Cobb, one of the "Men of Kent," 
was born in county Kent, near London, Eng- 
land, in 1596. He had been brought up in the 
established church, and when the non-con- 
formist party took a stand against the religious 
intolerance that became more and more un- 
bearal)le. young Cobb attended the meetings 
held by Lathrop and his followers in London 
and became a disciple of Congregationalism. 
He was not, however, of the twenty-four mem- 
bers who, with their preacher Lathrop, con- 
fined in the "foul and loothsome prisons" of 
London, but it was his privilege a few years 
after to welcome Lathrop to New England 
and help to organize for him a school at Scit- 
uate, Plymouth Colony. It is probable that 
Henry Cobb was a passenger of the ship 

"Anne" that reached the New England coast 
in 1629. He was at Plymouth that year and 
remained in the oldest established town in 
America up to 1633, when the church at 
Plymouth gave him a letter of dismissal to 
Scituate, which was common land of the 
colony, and where a considerable body of set- 
tlers had located and stood in need of a 
church and preacher. A town government 
was organized by Cobb and his associates and 
incorporated by the general court of Plymouth, 
July I, 1633. The next year Mr. Lathrop 
arrived from London and was installed min- 
ister over the church organization and Henry 
Cobb was made senior deacon. This position 
marks the estimation in which he was held by 
the fellow Pilgrims. The town and church grew 
and prospered, and in 1638 he was dismissed 
to go to Barnstable and established a town and 
church goverment there which was aiifected 
March 5, 1738. He was made ruling elder of 
this church and was thereafter known as 
Elder Cobb. Besides holding the highest office 
in the town and church, he was deputy to the 
general court at Plymouth, 1645-47-52-59-60- 
61. He married (first) in Plymouth, in April, 
1631, Patience, daughter of Deacon James and 
Catherine Hurst, of that town, and by her he 
had eight children and of these the first three 
were born in Plymouth, the next two in Scit- 
uate and the others in Barnstable which be- 
came his permanent home and where he died 
in 1679, aged eighty-three years. The children 
were born in the following order: i. John 
(q. v.). 2. Edward (q. v.). 3. James, Janu- 
ary 14. 1634; married Sarah, daughter of 
James Lewis, December 26, 1663, and died 
1695. 4. Mary, March 24, 1637; married Jon- 
athan Dunham, of Barnstable, October 15, 
1657. 5. Hannah, October 5, 1639; married 
Edward Lewis, ]\Iay 9, 1681, and died January' 
I/' 1736- 6. Patience, March 19, 1641 ; mar- 
ried (first) Robert Parker, August, 1667; 
(second) Deacon William Crocker, 1686. 7. 
Greshom, January 10, 1645 ; married Hannah 
David, June 4, 1675; ^^ ^^'^^ beheaded by the 
Indians. 8. Eleazer, ]\Iarch 30, 1648. The 
mother of these children, Patience (Hurst) 
Cobb, died May 4, 1648, and Elder Cobb mar- 
ried (second) Sarah, daughter of Samuel and 
Sarah Hinckley, who were also the parents of 
Governor Thomas Hinckley. By this marriage 
Elder Cobb had eight children, all born in 
Braintree as follows: 9. Mehitable, Septem- 
ber I, 1652; died March 8, 1653. 10. Samuel, 
October 12, 1654; married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Richard Taylor, December 20, 1680; died 



December zj, 1727. 11. Sarah, January 15, 
1658 ; died the same year. 12. Jonathan, April 
10. 1660; married, March i, 1683, Hope, 
daughter of John Chipman and widow of John 
Hukins, a "Mayflower" descendant. 13. Sarah 
(2), March 10, 1663; married Deacon Samuel 
Chipman, December 2-j. 1689. 14. Henry, 
September 5, 1665; married Lois, daughter of 
Joseph Hallett, April 10, 1690; removed to 
Stonington, Connecticut colony. 15. Mehit- 
able, February 15, 1667; died young. 16. Ex- 
perience, September, 1671 ; died young. 

(H) John, eldest son of Henry and Patience 
(Hurst) Cobb, was born in Plymouth, 
Plymouth colony, January 7, 1632. He was 
brought up in Barnstable, where he was mar- 
ried, August 28, 1658, to Martha, daughter of 
William Nelson, of Plymouth, and by her he 
had six children as follows, all born in Barn- 
stable : I. John, August 24, 1662; died Octo- 
ber 8, 1727; he married Rachel Soule, grand- 
daughter of George Soule, the "Mayflower" 
passenger, 1620. 2. Samuel, 1663; settled in 
Tolland, Connecticut colony, where he became 
very prominent in town and colonial affairs. 
3. Elizabeth, 1664. 4. Israel, 1666. 5. Pa- 
tience, August 10, 1668; married John Barett, 
of Middleburgh. 6. Ebenezer, August 9, 1671 ; 
married (first) Mercy Holmes, March 22, 
1694; (second) Mary Thomas; he died in 
Kingston, Plymouth colony, January 29, 1752. 
7. Elisha, April 3, 1679; married Lydia Ryder, 
February 4, 1703. 8. James, July 20, 1682; 
married Patience Holmes, July 21, 1705. The 
mother of these children, except the last two, 
Martha (Nelson) Cobb, died and her husband 
married as his second wife, in Taunton, June 
13, 1676, Jane Woodward, of Taunton, and 
by her had Elisha and James. He had re- 
moved to Taunton in 1659, and been allotted 
thirty acres of land in the division of the town 
lots, and he took the oath of allegiance in 1659, 
as did Edward Cobb. On June 6, 1668, John 
Cobb, of Taunton, with thirty-five other of 
the settlers of Plymouth colony purchased 
from Thomas Pence, Josiah Winslow, Thomas 
Southworth and Constant Southworth the 
territory lying in the north of Taunton and 
known as Taunton North Purchase and where 
John and William Cobb became permanent 
settlers, the place being incorporated as the 
town of Norton, May 17, 1710. John Cobb, 
of Taunton, paid taxes into the treasury of 
Plymouth colony according to the records in 
1668 at the October court, July 8, 1669; Janu- 
ary, 1670, was on the jury at Plymouth for 
Taunton, and was one of seven of the twelve 

men on the jury able to write his name, the 
other five making their marks. He was super- 
visor of highways and entrusted with the lay- 
ing out of boundaries as well as roads in 1666. 
He returned to Barnstable but his sons, who 
did not remove to Connecticut, remained in 

(H) Edward, second son of Henry and 
Patience (Hurst) Cobb, was born in Plymouth, 
1633, and took the oath of fidelity, 1659. He 
married Alary, daughter of W'illiam and Ann 
(Hynd) Hoskins, November 28, 1660. He 
removed to Taunton in 1657, where he died in 
1675, ^"d his widow married (second) Samuel 
Philips. The children of Edward and Mary 
(Hoskins) Cobb were: Edward and John. 

(HI) Edward (2), eldest son of Edward 
(i) and Mary (Hoskins) Cobb, was born in 
Taunton, Plymouth colony, about 1662. He 
married but we find no record as to name of 
wife or date of marriage. He had children as 
follows: I. Ebenezer (q. v.). 2. Mary, who 
married Seth Dean, and had sons, Ichabod 
Paul and Silas Dean ; she married (second) 
John Rosher and (third) Nicholas Stephens. 
Edward (2) gave his son, Ebenezer, fifteen 
acres of land in Taunton taken from the north- 
erly portion of his homestead farm. The deed 
for this land is dated February 22, 1733. 

(IV) Ebenezer, eldest child of Edward (2) 
Cobb, was born in Taunton, Massachusetts, 
!\Iay 6, 1696; died in 1769. He marjied, Feb- 
ruary 6, 1717, Mehitable, daughter of Increase 
and Alehitable (Williams) Robinson, and 
granddaughter of Increase Robinson, baptized 
in Dorchester, Massachusetts Bay colony, May 
14, 1642, son of William and Margaret Robin- 
son (1635). She was born January 12, 1695, 
died 1 761. The children of Ebenezer and 
Mehitable (Robinson) Cobb were born in 
Taunton, Massachusetts, as follows: i. 
Jemima, June 21, 1718. 2. Sarah, December 
6, 1719. 3. Ebenezer, December 13, 1721. 4. 
John (q. v.). 5. Abiel, November 15, 1725; 
married Sarah Van Winkle, January 4, 1750; 
died 1805. 6. Mehitable, January 9, 1728; 
married (first) a Woodruff; (second) a Bald- 
win, and (third) Thomas Gould, of Caldwell, 
New Jersey. 7. Edward, July 15, 1731 ; mar- 
ried Elizabeth Bowers, born 1746, died 1788; 
he died 1813. 8. Mary, October 12, 1733; died 
1805. 9. Ann, June 27, 1738; married John 
Gould; died 1780. 

(V) John, second son and fourth child of 
Ebenezer and Mehitable (Robinson) Cobb, 
was born in Taunton, Massachusetts, Decem- 
ber 27, 1723. He removed to Rockaway, 



-Morris county. New Jersey, attracted to the 
place by the iron mines, in which business he 
had became familiar in Taunton, the family 
always having had an interest in the business 
from .the time his great-great-grandfather, 
John Cobb, had helped to found the business 
in Taunton, in 1639. He married Rhoda 

and by her he had seven children as 

follows, all born in Parsippany, New Jersey : 
I. Samuel, baptized June 3, 1753. 2. Sarah, 
baptized June 3. 1753. 3. Clisby, baptized June 
lO' 1753- 4- John (q. v.). 5. Rhoda, baptized 
April 20, 1755. 6. Robert, baptized October 
18, 1771. 7. (probably) Thomas, born Janu- 
ary 16, 1760; a revolutionary soldier, who 
died January 17, 1S45 • his wife was Clara A., 
born March 3, 1786, died April 20, 1863; the 
graves of the revolutionary soldier and his 
wife are both at Parsippany. John Cobb had 
another son in the American revolution. Clisby, 
the third child. He served in Captain Josiah 
Hall's company, of Denville, New Jersey. 

(VI) John (2), third son and fourth child 
of John (i) and Rhoda Cobb, was born in 
Parsippany, Morris county. New Jersey, No- 
vember 24, 1750, and was baptized in the 
Rockaway Church, June 10, 1753. He had a 
forge at Troy Hills and Franklin; was sherifif 
of Morris county, 1792; justice of the peace, 
receiving his ap])ointment 1797 and a man of 
large interests and influence in the community. 
He died December 7 (or 17), 1805, and is 
buried at Parsippany. He married, October 
31' 1773' Ann, daughter of George Parrott, 
who was born March 30, 1756, died May 17, 
1805. The children of John and Ann (Par- 
rott) Cobb were born in Parsippany, New 
Jersey, as follows: i. Lucinda, November 2, 
1774; died 1777. 2. Eleanor, February 18. 
1777; died April 12, 1777. 3. Henry (q. v.). 
4. John, October 19, 17,80; died 1782. 5. John 
Joline, M. D., August 23, 1784; married Jane 
Jacobus, July 9, 181 1 ; died February 4, 1846. 
C). Jane, August 7, 1786; married James S. 
Ccjndit; died July 25, 1855. 7. Samuel Allen, 
January 10, 1790; died September 27, 1795. 
8. Israel, November 11, 1794; died the same 
year. 9. A son, who died soon after his birth, 


(\ H) Henry, eldest son and third child of 
John (2) and Ann (Parrott) Cobb, was born 
in Parsippany, Morris county. New Jersey. 
May 23. 1778. He married Maria Baldwin, 
of Newark, born January 5. 1786. died March 
I, 1864. Henry died June 25, 1857, and they 
are both interred in the Parsipjjany burial- 
ground. I le was a large landholder in Morris 

county, both by inheritance and purchase. The 
children of Henry and Maria (Baldwin) Cobb 
were born in Parsippany, New Jersey, as 
follows:' I. Alexander A. (q. v.). 2. Anna 
Maria, who married John O. Cordict. 3. John 
A., November 26, 1810: died March 14, 1880. 
4. Archibald, who married a Miss Brown. 5. 
Cornelia, 1813; died August 30, 1881 ; unmar- 
ried. 6. Eliza, who was living in Troy, New 
Jersey, in 1902. 7. Henry, August 9, 1819; 
died April 15, 1887. 8. Sarah, who married a 
De Hart. John A. Cobb with his father, 
Henry Cobb, were owners of the Cobb home- 
stead property in the town of Troy which his 
grandfather, John Cobb, purchased from 
Isaac and Mary Beach, May 15, 1788, and the 
survey of which property was made by Lem- 
uel Cobb, May 14, 1788. The homestead was 
S(ild by William Ripley Cobb, and the other 
heirs to John Monteith, of Newark, New 
Jersey. Lemuel Cobb was born in Parsippany. 
New Jersey, September 5, 1775 ; married, Au- 
gust 8, 1819, Elizabeth Shaw, and died June i, 
1858. Their son. Andrew Bell Cobb, died 
January 31, 1873. 

(\'III) Alexander A., eldest child of Henry 
and Maria (Baldwin) Cobb, was born in Par- 
sippany, Morris county. New Jersey. He was 
a contractor and builder in Newark. New 
Jersey. 1845. and married Clarissa, daughter of 
"Phineas and Rebecca (Bryan) Chidester. 
granddaughter of Ebenezer and Hannah 
(Haywood) Bryan, and great-granddaughter 
of Joseph and Sarah (Allen) Bryan. Eben- 
ezer Bryan, born 1692, settled in East Bridge- 
water, Plymouth colony, where he married, in 
1744, Hannah Haywood, born 1690. They 
removed to Mendham, New Jersey, where he 
was judge of "ye County Courts 1738-41 ; 
major of militia, but known as Captain Bryan." 
His third child. Japhet. born 1721 ; married 
Sarah Allen, in 1742. He was a private in the 
New Jersey militia and was called out several 
times in the revolutionary war. The children 
of .Mexander A. and Clarissa (Chidester) 
Cobb, were born in Newark. New Jersey, as 
follows: I. John Alexander (cj, v.). 2. George 
B., 1846. 3. Annie M.. who married Harry 

I 1 .\ ) John .Mexander. eldest son of Alex- 
ander .\. and Clarissa (Chidester) Cobb, was 
horn in Newark, New Jersey, 1844; died in 
that city, November 5, 1881. He was gradu- 
ated at the College of New Jersey, now Prince- 
ton University, A. B.. 1866. became a law 
student in the office of Theodore Runyon. sub- 
se(|uently chancellor of the state, and he was 

u/u^ac.. fc6rC iCf-H^ 



admitted to the New Jersey bar as an attorney 
at law in 1869 and as a counsellor at law in 
1872. He practiced law in Newark continu- 
ously 1869-81. Mr. Cobb married, December 
I, 1876, Mary Caroline, daughter of William 

A. and Caroline (Ward) Ripley, granddaugh- 
ter of David (1803-1883) and Mary Ann 
(\\'attles) Ripley, and of Erastus and Sallie 
(Thomas) Wattles: great-granddaughter of 
Peleg and Mollie (Bartlett) Thomas, and of 
Rev. William (1768-1822) and Lucy (Clift) 
Ripley, and great-great-granddaughter of Rev. 
Hezekiah (1743-1851) and Dorothy Ripley. 
The Rev. Hezekiah Ripley was chaplain in 
General Stillman's brigade in part of the cam- 
paign of 1776 in Washington's army, encamp- 
ed around New York, Harlem and in New 
Jersey. Her great-great-great-grandparents 
were David (1697-1781) and Lydia (Correy) 
Ripley, and her great-great-great-great-grand- 
parents were Joshua (1658-1739) and Hannah 

B. (Bradford) (1662-1671) Ripley. Hannah 
B. Bradford was the daughter of William 
(1624-1704) and Alice Richards (1627-1671) 
Bradford and granddaughter of Governor 
William (1588-1623) and Mrs. Alice South- 
wood Bradford, the emigrant progenitor of 
the Bradfords of New England. This makes 
Mary Caroline Ripley a descendant in the 
tenth generation from Governor Bradford and 
her son, William Ripley Cobb, of the eleventh 
generation. The two ciiildren of John Alex- 
ander and Mary C. (Ripley) Cobb were born 
in Newark, New Jersey, as follows: i. Will- 
iam Ripley (q. v.). 2. Miriam, December 25, 
1881 ; married, October i, 1902, Rufus New- 
ton Barrows and their children in 1909 were: 
John Alden and Daniel Newton Barrows. 

(X) William Ripley, eldest child of John 
Alexander and i\Iary C. (Ripley) Cobb, was 
born in Newark, New Jersey, November i, 
1879. He attended the public schools of his 
native city ; was prepared for college at the 
Dwight School, of New York City, was stu- 
dent at Princeton University in class of 1901. 
He studied law in the offices and under the 
direction of Hon. John Franklin Fort, of New- 
ark, New Jersey, and at the New York Law 
School, and was admitted to the New Jersey 
bar as an attorney in 1901, and as a counsellor 
in 1904. He engaged in general practice and 
came to be recognized as a careful, painstak- 
ing and discriminating attorney and counsellor, 
learned in the law and possessed of all the attrib- 
utes that go to make up a successful lawyer: 
He affiliated with the Lawyers' Club, the 
North End Club and the Wednesday Club, of 

Newark. As a young Republican he exerted 
a strong influence among young men and was 
not timid in pointing out the defects he found 
in the older organizations of the party and the 
necessity of reforms that would keep pace with 
the new conditions that were to be met and 
contradicted by the Republican party. His 
church affiiliation was the Protestant Epis- 
copal faith and he was a member of Grace 
Church, Newark. Mr. Cobb married, October 
I, 1902, at Belmar, New Jersey, Annie Wald- 
ron, daughter of Manning and Julia Condit 
(Waldron) Force, born in Newark, New 
Jersey, March 15, 1879, and their child, Nancy 
"Ripley, was born August 2, 1907, representing 
the eleventh generation from Elder Henry 
Cobb, of Barnstable. 

Descended from an arms- 

CARPENDER bearing family of county 

Hereford, England, the 

Carpenders have been established in America 

since the middle of the eighteenth century. 

The first of the line in this country was 

( I ) George Carpender, of New York City. 
He is buried, with his wife Elizabeth, in Trin- 
itv churchyard. Issue: i. George, remained 
in England. 2. William, in England, for 
his health, in 1774. 3. Benjamin (?). 4. 
John, see below. 5. Catharine, married Cap- 
tain Samuel Bayard. 6. Elizabeth, married 
Sidney Breeze. 7. Sarah, married Dr. Rich- 
ard Ayscough, whose daughter Sarah married 
Colonel William Malcolm. Sidney Breeze and 
Dr. .\vscough are buried side by side in Trin- 
ity cinirchyard. Their grandchildren were 
made the heirs of Captain Bayard, who mar- 
ried the other sister, Catharine Carpender. 

( H ) John, fourth child of George and Eliz- 
abeth Carpender, born 1721, lived in Brooklyn, 
New York, and died 1793. He was buried in 
St. Ann's, Brooklyn, whence his remains were 
removed to Greenwood Cemetery. He married 
(first) Marcy Weaver: (second) Catharine 
Briant : (third) March 6, 1772, Sarah Stout 
(died .\pril 21, 1808) widow of James Tag- 
gart. Children by his third marriage: i. 
William, see below. 2. Sarah, married Lieu- 
tenant Colonel William Walton Morris. 3. 
Frances, married Captain Jacob Stout, who 
had before married her half-sister Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Carpender and Catharine 
Briant. 4. Ann. married (as his second wife) 
Arthur Breese, of Utica, New York. 

(HI) William, eldest child of John Car- 
pender by his third wife, Sarah Stout : born 
1773, died 1816, and is buried in Belleville, 



Xew Jersey. He was a merchant. He mar- 
married Lucy Weston Grant, who died in 
1845, and is buried in Shrewsbury, New Jer- 
sey. She was the daughter of Edward Butler 
Thomas and Catharine (Walker) Grant, both 
of English birth ; granddaughter of John and 
Martha (Butler) Grant ; great-granddaughter 
of Rev. John Grant, canon of Exeter and arch- 
deacon of Barnstaple, England, by his wife, 
Elizabeth Weston (who was the daughter of 
Stei^hen Weston, bishop of Exeter) ; and 
great-great-granddaughter of Dr. John Grant, 
prebendary of Rochester, by his wife, Jane 
Colchester (who was a descendant of a sister 
of William of Wickham, founder of Winches- 
ter College, Chancellor of England, etc.). 

(IV) Jacob Stout, son of William and Lucy 
Weston (Grant) Carpender, w'asborn in Rum- 
son, Monmouth county. New Jersey, August 15, 
1805. He was a merchant and banker in New 
York City, member of the stock exchange, and 
for many years secretary of the Atlantic 
Mutual Alarine Insurance Company. Retiring 
from active business in 1852, he removed to 
New Brunswick, New Jersey, where he resided 
for the remainder of his life, and where he 
died on September 22, 1882. He married, June 
21, 1838, Catharine Neilson, born March 17, 
1807, died September 21, 1888, daughter of Dr. 
John and Abigail (Bleecker) Neilson. Chil- 
dren and descendants of Jacob Stout and Cath- 
arine (Neilson ) Carpender, the fifth, si.xth and 
seventh generations of this line of the Car- 
pender family in America : 

I. Mary Noel Carpender, born in New York 
City, August 30, 1840, married, January 21, 
1868, Francis Kerby Stevens, son of Henry 
Hewgill and Catharine Clarkson (Crosby) 

This branch of the Stevens family descends 
from Erasmus Stevens, one of the founders 
(1714) of the New North Church of Boston, 
Massachusetts. His son, Ebenezer Stevens, 
lived in Roxbury, Massachusetts, and married 
Elizabeth Weld, a descendant of Rev. Thomas 
Weld, one of the first nonconformist clergy- 
men to flee from England to Holland, who 
later emigrated to Massachusetts. They were 
the parents of the distinguished revolutionary 
patriot, (jencral Ebenezer Stevens, born in 
Boston, May 11, 1751 (o. s.), died in New 
York City, September 22, 1823. (For an ac- 
count of his career see the very able mono- 
gra])li by his grandson, the late John Austin 
.Stevens). He married (second) Alay 4, 1784, 
Lucrctia Ledyard, daughter of Judge John 
Ledvard, of Hartford, Connecticut, and widow 

of Richardson Sands. One of their children 
was Henry Hewgill Stevens, born in New 
York, February 2S, 1797; merchant in that 
city; died October 6, 1869. Alarried, Novem- 
ber 9, 1836, Catharine Clarkson Crosby, died 
February 6, 1882, daughter of William Bed- 
low Crosby, who Was a grand-nephew of 
Henry Rutgers and Harriet Ashton Crosby. 

r'rancis Kerby Stevens was born in New- 
York City, August 18, 1839. For some years 
he was engaged in business in Poughkeepsie, 
New York, retiring from active life on account 
of ill health. He was an ofiicer in the civil 
war (Twenty-third Regiment of New Y^ork 
\olunteer Infantry), and was wounded at 
Chancellorsville. Died in Aiken, South Caro- 
lina, February 22, 1874. His widow resides in 
New Brunswick, New Jersey. Children : i. 
Henry Hewgill Stevens, born November 20, 
1869; resides in Roselle, New Jersey; identi- 
fied with the Union Metallic Cartridge Com- 
pany of New Y'ork; married, June 2j, 1901, 
Ethel Griffin, daughter of George W. Gritfin. 
ii. William Carpender Stevens, born March 13, 
1872, resides in New Brunswick, iii. Frances 
Xoel Stevens, born January 13, 1874. resides 
in New Brunswick. 

2. Lucy Helena Carpender, born in New 
Y'ork City, April i, 1842, married, June 19, 
1884, Rev. Charles Edward Hart, D. D., born 
February 28, 1838, in Freehold, New Jersey, 
only son of Walter Ward and Sarah (Bennett) 
Hart. He is a descendant in the sixth genera- 
tion of Deacon Stephen Flart, who was one of 
the original proprietors and settlers of Hart- 
ford and Farmington, Connecticut (coming 
with the Rev. Thomas Hooker), through his 
son. Captain Thomas Hart. The father of 
Rev. Dr. Hart removed from Connecticut to 
hYeehoId, Monmouth county, New Jersey; he 
was judge of the court of common pleas of 
that county, and identified with manufacturing 
interests. Sarah Bennett, mother of Dr. Hart, 
was the daughter of William H. Bennett, of 
Monmouth county, and descended from an old 
New Jer.sey family. Charles Edward Hart 
was graduated from Princeton College in 1858, 
and from Princeton Theological Seminary in 
1 861 : in the latter year was called to the Mur- 
ray Hill Presbyterian Church, New York City, 
continuing there until June, 1880, when he 
became pastor of the North Reformed Dutch 
Church of Newark, New Jersey; resigned that 
charge in 1880 to accept the chair of English 
Language and Literature in Rutgers College, 
which he retained until 1897; from 1897 to 
1906 was professor of Ethics and the Evi- 



dences of Christianity in the same institution ; 
has since been professor emeritus of Ethics ; 
received the degree of D. D. from Rutgers in 
1880. Dr. and Mrs. Hart reside in New 

3. WiUiam Carpender, born in New York 
City. January 30. 1844. H^ ^^'s* long identi- 
fied with financial interests in New York, 
being until recently a member of the stock ex- 
change ; resides in Massapecjua, Long Island. 
He is a member of the Sons of the Revolution, 
Union League Club, New York Yacht Club, 
and Saint Nicholas Society. He married, No- 
vember 26, 1878, Ella Floyd-Jones, daughter 
of William and Caroline (Blackwell) Floyd- 
Jones, i. Edith Carpender, born April i, 1880, 
married, November 19, 1905, Edward H. 
Floyd Jones, ii. Noel Lispenard Carpender, 
born ]\Iay 6, 1882, member of the New York 
stock exchange ; resides in Massapequa, Long 
Island ; married, April 24. 1906, Isabel Gour- 
ley, daughter of John H. Gourley, and has one 
child, Isabel Floyd-Jones Carpender, born 
February 9, 1907. iii. Jeannie Floyd-Jones 
Carpender, born November 29, 1887. iv. Ella 
Floyd-Jones Carpender, born October 9, 1892. 

4. John Neilson Carpender, born in New 
York City. November 4, 1845, received his 
early education in private schools and was 
graduated in 1866 from Rutgers College as 
Bachelor of Arts, the degree of Master of Arts 
being conferred on him in 1869. From the lat- 
ter year until 1879 he was a member of the 
New York stock exchange. In 1877 Mr. Car- 
pender became identified as treasurer with the 
Norfolk and New Brunswick Hosiery Com- 
pany of New Brunswick, New Jersey, serving 
in that capacity until 1885: and he has since 
been president of the company. He is vice- 
jiresident and member of the executive com- 
mittee of the National Association of Wool 
Manufacturers of the Lhiited States. As a 
citizen of New Brunswick he has always taken 
an active interest in the affairs of that com- 
munity. From 1878 to 1882 he was a mem- 
ber of the common council, and from 1880 to 
the present time has been the commissioner of 
the sinking fund. He is president of the 
John Wells Memorial Hospital, trustee of the 
Children's Industrial Home, director in the 
National Bank of N^ew Jersey, and trustee of 
the New Brunswick Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company. .A. member of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church, he occupies several important 
official positions in that connection ; is trustee 
of the American Church Building Fund, presi- 
dent of the Church Club of the diocese of New 

Jersey, and treasurer of the Ijoard of trustees 
of the Episcopal Fund of the diocese of New 
Jersey. His society and club memberships in- 
clude the Sons of the Revolution, Delta Phi 
and Phi Beta Kappa societies, and the Univer- 
sity Club and Saint Nicholas Society of New 
York. He married, in New York City, April 

9. 1874, Anna Neilson Kemp, born in New 
York City, February i8, 1855. daughter of 
Alfred Francklin and Cecilia (Neilson) Kemp. 
Her paternal grandparents were Henry Kemp, 
of county Kent, England, and Susanne LTr- 
sula Penelope de la Bruyere, of Huguenot 
ancestry. Her father, Alfred Francklin Kemp, 
was born September 12, 1817, in county Kent. 
England, came to America in early life, and 
(lied on Staten Island, September, 1873; mar- 
ried, May 18, 1852, Cecilia Neilson, daughter 
of William Neilson, of New York Citv, and 
Hamiah Coles. Children : i. John Neilson 
Carpender, born January 16, 1875, graduated 
at Rutgers, 1897; in mercantile business in 
New York; resides in New Brunswick, ii. 
Catharine Neilson Carpender, born December 
7, 1876, married, November 26, 1901, Frank- 
lin Duane, son of Rev. Richard Bache Duane 
and Margaret Ann Tams, and a descendant of 
Benjamin Franklin: they reside in Baltimore; 
their children are Howard Duane, bom Octo- 
ber 23, 1902, and Margaret Franklin Duane, 
born June 7, 1904. iii. Alfred Cecil Carpen- 
der, born November 27, 1878, died November 

10, 1894. iv. Anna Kemp Carpender, born 
March 15, 1880. v. Henry de la Bruyere Car- 
pender, Ijorn May 15, 1882, resides in New 
Brunswick; in business in New York. vi. 
Arthur Schuyler Carpender, born October 24, 
1884, officer in the United States navy. vii. 
William Carpender, 2d, born October 29, 1888, 
student in Rutgers College. 

5. Charles Johnson Carpender, born in New 
York City, October 31, 1847, was educated 
under private instructors. In 1870 he organ- 
ized, with John Nicholson, the firm of Nichol- 
son & Carpender, and embarked in the manu- 
facture of wall paper in New Brunswick. 
LTpon the retirement of Mr. Nicholson in 1872 
Mr. Carpender established with Colonel Jacob 
J. Janeway the new co-partnership of Jane- 
way & Carpender, from which he withdrew in 
1888, the firm having since been continued by 
Colonel Janeway under the original style. Mr. 
Carpender has always resided in New Bruns- 
wick. He is a director of various industrial 
and other corporations, and is a member of 
the Sons of the Revolution and the Saint Nich- 
olas Society. He married, June 9. 1875, Alice 



IJrown Robinson, lx)rn November lo, 1850, 
daughter of Edwin and Frances (Brown) 
Robinson. Edwin Robinson, born July 30, 
1807, died August 14, 1863, was of Richmond, 
\'irginia. son of John Robinson, and descend- 
ed fr<3m an old Virginia family, related to the 
Beverly Robinsons of Staten island and also 
to the Canadian Robinsons. (See Hayden's 
Genealogies). He married, October 6, 1836, 
I'Vances Brown, of Bedford county, \'irginia. 
Issue of Charles Johnson and Alice Brown 
(Robinson) Carpender : i. Alice Haxall Car- 
pender. born September 5, 1876, married, Oc- 
tober 30, 1901, Gustavus Abeel Hall, son of 
John A., of Trenton, New Jersey, and Anna 
(Abeel) Hall; they now reside in Cleveland, 
(Jhio, where Mr. Hall is in charge of the inter- 
ests of the Roebling Company; their children 
are John Alexander Hall, born November 4, 
iyo2, Charles Carpender Hall, born May 29, 
iQOb, and Abeel Neilson Hall, born July 23, 
1907, died .April 30, 1909. ii. Charles Johnson 
Carpender, Jr., born June 6, 1878, resides in 
New Brunswick; engaged in the chemical 
industry at Little Falls, New Jersey, iii. Kath- 
arine Neilson Carpender, born January 2, 
1881, died June 29. 1881. iv. and v. twins, 
born June 17, 1882, Moncure Conway Car- 
pender, mechanical and electrical engineer at 
Plattsburg, New York, and Edwin Robinson 
Carpender, resides in New Brunswick, vi. 
Sydney Bleecker Carpender, born November 
24, 1884, refrigerating engineer in New Bruns- 

The first Levis of whom we have 
LIA'IS any definite knowledge is Philippe 
L, Seigneur de Levis, who lived in 
the twelfth century. The most ancient docu- 
ment in which he is mentioned is dated Febru- 
ary 5, 1 181, and is signed by him and his wife, 
Elizabeth. In the year 1200 he assisted in 
making a treaty of peace between the Kings of 
England and France. He died in 1204-05. 
His wife was .still living in 1210, but the date 
of her death is not known. They had five chil- 
dren — Milon, Gui, Philippe, Alexander and 
Simon. The second of these, Gui de Levis L, 
married (iuiburge, sister of Simon de Mont- 
fort, Earl of Leicester. His great-granddaugh- 
ter, Jeanne (daughter of Gui de Levis HL), 
married Philippe de Mont fort H., a descendant 
of a brother of Simon de ATontfort. There is 
much evidence of the close relationship of the 
two families. 

The history of the French family is well 
known, but it is not known when the first Levis 

went to England. It is probable, however, that 
it was during this relationship, as not only was 
Simon de Mont fort a person of great rank, 
influence and power and naturally gathered 
about him many of his compatriots, but many 
of the French settled in England during this 
period. The first known English record of 
the family is in the parish register of Beeston, 
near Nottingham, dated 1558. It is to be noted 
that Beeston is in the district which was under 
the influence of Simon de Montfort. The earli- 
est parish register in England began in 1538. 
There are earlier dates entered in some of 
them, Init no registers existed until the year 
mentioned, so they must have been inserted 

The Beeston records began in 1558, and in 
this first year there is an entry as follows: 

■'1558 Robt. Levis was buryed ." .\t 

the bottom of the second page of the earliest 
registry book (1558) belonging to Beeston 
parish church in the county of Nottingham, 
the name of "Rich. Levis occurs as one of the 
churchwardens," and continues on the pages 
up to the year 1599. Altogether there are one 
hundred and two entries in the name of Levis, 
the last being dated January 27, 1768. The 
last one we are interested in is the baptism of 
Christopher Levis, September 20, 1621, it 
being the fifty- fourth Levis entry. 

The following wills and administrations 
relating to the Levis family of Beeston are 
entered in the York Probate Registry prior to 
1652, Nottinghamshire being in the ecclesias- 
tical district of York. 

1. 1580 — Christopher Levice, of Beeston — 

2. 1585 — Mary Levise, of Alswortha — Will. 

3. 1 61 3 — Richard Levis, of Beeston — Will. 

4. 1616 — Christopher Levis, of Beeston — 

5. 16 1 6 — Richard Levis, of Beeston — Will. 

6. 1620 — Edwarde Levis, of Beeston — Will. 

7. 1638 — Edward Levis, of Saxondale — \\ ill. 
Of these numbers one and three are the 

only ones connected with the direct line we are 
considering, but all have been helpful in 
establishing the facts. The most interesting 
will is that of Christopher Levis, who died at 
Harby, Leicestershire, in 1677. It is dated 
October 19. 1677, and was admitted to probate 
December 31, 1677', in the district registry at 
Leicester. The original will and inventory are 
still on file and were recently examined by 
Mr. Howard C. Levis, formerly of Alt. Holly. 
.\'ew Jersey, but now of London. 

Tile exact relationship of Robert Levis men- 



tioned in the tabic with the others which follow 
is not known. The Richard who was church- 
warden is not mentioned in the table as he is 
not in the direct line, and it is not certain that 
the Christopher who was buried in 1580 was 
the son of the Edward who was buried in 1564. 
This, however, is of no importance as unques- 
tionably the persons with the name of Levis in 
this small parish were of the same family. It 
is also to be noted that Harby in Leicester- 
shire, where a Christopher Levis died in 1677, 
is not many miles distant from Beeston. 
Whether Christopher or his father, Richard, 
was the first to leave Beeston for Harby is not 
known, but it was probably the father, as his 
death is not recorded at Beeston. The early 
records of Harby parish are not in existence, 
and in any event would be of little value to us, 
as Christopher had become a Quaker and there- 
fore nothing would be recorded in the parish 

The Levis family of New Jersey traces its 
ancestry back directly in this line : 

( I ) Robert Levis was born in 1558. 

(H) Edward Levis, buried May 10. 1654, 

married Yssabell , buried June 3, 1593. 

They had a son, Christopher, and other chil- 

(HL) Christopher Levis, buried May 9, 

1580. married Agnes , buried February 

4, 1584. They had a son, Richard, and perhaps 
other children. 

(R) Richard Levis, buried March 2, 1612, 
married (first) June 29, 1577, Elizabeth Clark, 
buried January 25, 1593: married (second) 
May 15. 1594, Constance Smalley, buried 
March 3, 1597. Of this second marriage there 
was born a son, Nicholas, baptized February 
24, 1597, buried August 5, 1607. 

(V) Richard (2), son of Richard (i) and 
Elizabeth (Clark) Levis, was baptized April 
II, 1585. He married, but the name of his 
wife is not known. He neither married nor 
was buried in the parish at Beeston. 

(VI) Christopher, son of Richard (2) Levis, 
was baptized September 20, 1621, and died in 
1677. He married, in March, 1648. Mary 
Need, of Harby, England, and had children. 

(\TI) Samuel, son of Christopher and Mary 
(Need) Levis, was born at Harby, July 30, 
1649, and his will was admitted to probate in 
1734. He came to America in 1682, from Lan- 
cashire, England, remained here a short time, 
then returned to England for his family and 
again came over in 1684, with his wife; son, 
Samuel, and sisters, Sarah and Hannah. He 
erected a large brick house on Darbv creek, in 

Delaware county, Pennsylvania, where he had 
a grant of two thousand acres of land. The 
old mansion house is still standing and is 
owned by his descendants. He was a man of 
considerable means and much influence, espe- 
cially in the Society of Friends, being a min- 
ister of that faith, and a very devout man in 
his walk in life. He was among the first set- 
tlers in Delaware county, and at one time was 
a member of the provincial council, of the state 
of Pennsylvania. He married, in 1680, Eliza- 
beth Clator, of Nottingham, England, and by 
her had several children. 

(\TII) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) and 
Elizabeth (Clator) Levis, was born in Eng- 
lantl, December 8, 1680, died in 1758. He 
married, October 15, 1709, Hannah, daughter 
of Joseph Stretch, of Philadelpliia, and they 
had children. 

(IX) Samuel (3), son of Samuel (2) and 
Hannah (Stretch) Levis, was born August 21, 
171 1, and married, December 6, 1742, Mary, 
daughter of Joshua and Martha Thomson, and 
they hail children. 

(X) Samuel (4), son of Samuel (3) and 
Mary (Thomson) Levis, married Elizabeth 
Garrett, and they had children. 

(XI) William, son of Samuel (4) and Eliz- 
abeth (Garrett) Levis, was born in Darby, 
Pennsylvania, Alarch 17, 1774, died September 
22, 1823, and was a paper maker. He mar- 
ried, March 11, 1798, Esther Pancoast, who 
died September 15, 1848, daughter of Seth 
Pancoast. Their children were : Samuel 
Franklin, see post ; Pancoast, Robert J., Eliz- 
abeth and Ann. 

(XII) Samuel Franklin Levis, progenitor 
of the Mt. Holly family of that surname, son 
of William and Esther (Pancoast) Levis, was 
born in Darby, Pennsylvania, June 8, 1805, 
died at Mt. Holly, December 10, 1887. He 
received a good early education in the Darby 
town schools and also in the Friends' school, 
and began his business career as clerk in a gen- 
eral merchandise store in Philadelphia then 
under the proprietorship of Bennett & Walton. 
Soon after 1820 he was sent by his employers 
to Mt. Holly, Xew Jersey, to take charge of 
their mill there, wdiich was operated in the 
manufacture of wall, book and newspaper. He 
continued to live in Mt. Holly until the time 
of his death, in 1887. Mr. Levis married 
twice. His first wife, whom he married, No- 
vember 20, 1830, was Sarah Biddle Huhne, 
born June 26, 1804, died April i, 1843, daugh- 
ter of George and Sarah B. (Shrcve) Hulme 
(see Hulme). He married (second) Novem- 



ber 20. 1845, Maria B. Hulnie, born October 
23, 1 8 14. and still living in Mt. Holly. She 
also is a daughter of George and Sarah B. 
( Shrevc ) Hulme. Mr. Levis had three chil- 
dren by his first and two by his second wife: 
I. George Hulme. born April 30, 1832: died 
June 26, 1889; married. November i, 1854, 
Mary Holby. daughter of Charles JMagargee 
and Ann ( Cooper ) Hicks, and had children : 
i. Clara .M., born November 30. 1855. married, 
[une 25, 1877. Brinckle Gunimey, and had 
daughter, Mary, born December 6, 1877; ii. 
.\nne Hicks, born September 21, 1857, mar- 
ried, June 12, 1882, Frederick Hemsley, and 
had daughter. Frances, who married and had 
children : iii. Charles Magargee, born October 
6. 1859. married Jean Rowland, and had chil- 
dren. 2. Franklin Burr, born July 28, 1834; 
see post. 3. Sarah Maria, born August 12, 
1839; married. November 3, 1883, Daniel Gar- 
wood. 4. Emily Hulme, born September 6, 
1847. 5. Adelaide Shiras, born October 28, 
1851 : died April 10, 1873. 

( XHI ) Franklin Burr, son of Samuel Frank- 
lin and Sarah Biddle (Hulme) Levis, was born 
in Mt. Holly. New Jersey. July 28. 1834, and 
attended public and private schools of that 
town until he was fourteen years old. when he 
was sent to Westown to a boarding school to 
prepare for college. He entered Haverford 
College in 1849. remaining until 1851. and then 
entered Princeton College and graduated there 
in 1853. After leaving college he took up the 
study of law with Hon. John L. N. Stratton, 
of .Mt. Holly, and was admitted attorney at 
law at the June term of the supreme court in 
1856. He at once began active practice in his 
native town and since that time has been a 
member of the Burlington county bar, although 
in connection with these pursuits he has been 
somewhat identified with the political history of 
his town and county. He is a Republican of un- 
doubted c|uality, was one of the organizers of 
that party in Burlington county, and for more 
than half a century has been looked upon as 
one of the most earnest exponents of Repub- 
lican principles in the state. During the civil 
war he was a])pointed by Governor Olden 
judge advocate of the first division of New 
Jersey militia, and in that capacity assisted in 
enrolling men and organizing companies for 
service which had been raised by draft. In 
1862 he was appointed deputy collector of 
internal revenue for the second district of the 
state and held that office for several years. 

-After the close of the war and particularly 
after he ceased to be deputy collector of inter- 

nal revenue, Mr. Levis devoted his attention 
to professional pursuits, and in coimection 
with the general practice of law he has been 
appointed to various positions incidental thereto. 
He is the senior member of the Burlington 
county bar and still in practice notwithstand- 
ing his advanced years. He is attorney and 
counsellor at law, a master in chancery, su- 
preme court commissioner and special master, 
and outside of the profession he was for a long 
time a director of the Union National Bank, 
of Mt. Holly, and a director of Mt. Holly Safe 
Deposit and Trust Company ; director and 
vice-president of Mt. Holly Water Company, 
and a director of the Mt. Holly, Lumberton 
and Med ford Railroad Company. For forty- 
seven years he has been secretary of the Mt. 
Holly Building and Loan .Association, except- 
ing for a short period when that office was 
held by his son, Howard. He is vice-presi- 
dent of the Burlington County Lyceum of 
History and Natural Science, member of 
the board of trustees of Mt. Holly Circulating 
Library, member of Mt. Holly Lodge, F. & .A. 
M.. and a comnumicating member of St. .An- 
drew's Church, Episcopal, and one of the dele- 
gates to the I'an-Anglican convention held in 
London, England, in June, 1908. He was 
instrumental in founding Trinity Church, of 
Mt. Holly, for many years was one of its 
wardens, but subsequently transferred his 
membership to St. Andrew's Church. .At one 
time also Mr. Levis was secretary and treas- 
urer of the Mt. Holly Gas Company, director 
in the Burlington County Telephone Company 
and president of the Mt. Holly Opera House 

On October 14. 1857, Mr. Levis married Re- 
becca Browning, daughter of Peter Van Pelt 
and Eleanor (Hollinshead ) Coppuck, and by 
whom he has five children: i. Howard Cop- 
puck, born Mt. Holly. March 21, 1859; see 
post. 2. Franklin Burr, Jr.. born Mt. Holly, 
.March 25. 1862; died March 26, 1862. 3. Ed- 
ward Hulme, born .April 11. 1864; see post. 4. 
(Sertrude \'an Pelt, born Mt. Holly, February 
23. 1 87 1 ; died June 24, 1871. 5. Norman Van 
Pelt, born Mt. Holly. April 11, 1872: see post. 

(Xl\') Howard Coppuck. eldest son and 
child of Franklin Burj- and Rebecca Browning 
(Coppuck) Levis, was boni in Mt. Holly. New 
Jersey. March 21, 1859, ac(|uired his earlier 
education in ])rivate schools, then took a sjjccial 
law course at Columbia College, New York, later 
read law under the instruction of his father 
and was admitted a member of the Burlington 
county bar. For several years he practiced in 


'3-^7/ 'a^iy/tA^i^ 




association witli his father and then received 
an appointment as assistant counsel for the 
W'estinghouse Electric Company. His duties 
in that capacity called him to live for some 
time in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and after- 
ward in Chicago as western counsel of the 
Thr>ms(in-I louston Electric Company, and 
still later, when he became assistant coun- 
sel for the (ieneral Electric Company, he 
lived temporarily in St. Paul, Alinnesota. 
and afterward in Schenectady, New York, in 
which latter city are located the principal 
works of the General Electric Company. In 
1902 Mr. Levis was elected managing director 
of the British Thomson-Houston Company, 
of London, England, and since that time he 
has lived abroad. He is a member of the Pil- 
grims, Ranelagh, City of London, and Burling- 
ton Fine Arts clubs, of London, and the Grolier 
Club, of New York. He married, April 24, 
1884, Jane Chester, daughter of the late Hon. 
William A. and Jane (Chester) Coursen, of 
Elizabeth. New Jersey, and by whom he has 
two children: i. Chester Coursen, born Janu- 
arv 18, 1885. 2. Edith Chetwood, born Octo- 
be'r 31, 1886. 

(XIN) Edward Hulme, third son and child 
of Franklin Burr and Rebecca E>rowning 
(Coppuck) Levis, was born in Mt. Holly, 
April II, 1864, received his literary education 
in public schools in Mt. Holly and also at 
Peekskill Military Academy, Oswego 
county. New York, and afterward began his 
business career in a clerical capacity with the 
banking firm of Jay Cooke & Company, of 
l'hila(lel]ihia. He continued in that employ 
(luring the life of the firm under that name, 
and later with the successor firm until July, 
1907, when he became junior partner of the 
house of C. D. Barney & Co., whose members 
are J. Horace Harding. J. Cooke, 3d, and Mr. 
Levis. He maintains his residence at Mt. 
Holly. Mr. Levis married. January 12, 1892, 
Theodora, daughter of the late Theodore 
Risden, of Mt Holly, and by whom he had 
two children: i. Dorothy, born November 8, 
1895, t'l*-''' the same day. 2. Dorothea, born 
March 2t,. 1901, died .■\ugust 15, 1901. 

(XI\') Rev. Norman \'an Pelt, youngest 
son and child of Franklin Burr and Rebecca 
Browning (Coppuck) Levis, was born in Mt. 
Holly, April II, 1872. He was educated in 
public schools of his home town, Peekskill 
Military ,\cademy, the University of Pennsyl- 
vania and .Alexandria Theological Seminary, 
Alexandria, \'irginia, in the latter of which he 
studied for the E])iscopal ministry. After one 

year there he continued his studies at the 
Philadelphia Divinity School, graduated and 
was ordained, and became assistant rector of 
St. John's Church, Elizabeth, New Jersey. 
.After about one and one-half years at St. 
John's, Mr. Levis was made rector of Christ 
Church. Westerly, Rhode Island, remained 
there four years, and in 1904 was called to the 
Church of the Incarnation, Philadelphia, of 
which he since has been rector. Mr. Levis 
married, June 15, 1889, Grace Royal Tyng, of 
Elizabeth, New Jersey, by whom he has two 
children: i. Russell Tyne, born July 13, igoo. 
2. Norman \'an Pelt Jr., born .August 29, 1906. 

(The Hulme Linei. 

In our narrative of the Levis family in these 
annals it is written that Samuel Franklin Levis 
married, first, Sarah Biddle Hulme, and after 
her death married, for his second wife, Maria 
B. Hulme, sister of his first wife. In this 
connection a brief account of the Hulme 
family will be found of interest. 

( I ) George Hulme, immigrant ancestor of 
the family here treated, was born in England 
and came to this country from old Cheshire 
in the year 1700. He settled in Newtown, Mid- 
dletown township, Bucks county, Pennsylva- 
nia, and was still living in 1732. 

(II) George (2), son of George (i) 
Hulme, the immigrant, was born in England, 
came to America with his father's family in 
1700, and died in 1729, his father surviving 
him about three years. He married (first) 
October 2, 1708, Naomi, daughter of John and 
Christina Palmer. She died in 1709, having 
borne her husband one child, who died in 1709, 
at or about the time of his mother's death. 
He married (second) in October, 1710, Ruth 
Palmer, sister of his first wife, and by her 
had four children, Eleanor, Naomi, Hannah 
and John. 

(HI) John, only son of George (2) and 
Ruth ( Palmer ) Hulme, was born probably 
about 1716-18, and died in 1776. He married 
(first) in 1744. Mary Pearson, daughter of 
Enoch and Margaret Smith, and by her had 
six children. He married (second) Elizabeth, 
daughter of Benjamin and Mary (Biles) 
Cutter, and by her had three children. John 
Hulme had in all nine children: i. John, born 
June 3, 1747. 2. Mary, August 31, 1748. 3. 
George, November 25, 1750. 4. William, Feb-i/ 
ruary 18, 1752. 5. 'Thomas, January 28, 1755, ^_^ 
died young. 6. Margaret, August 25, 1767. 7. 
Ruth! October 23, 1771. 8. Thomas, 1774. 
9. Ijenjamin, 1778. 



(1\') John (2), son of John {i ) and Mar)- 
(Pearson) Hulme, was born June 3, 1747, and 
married, May 5, 1770, Rebecca Mihier, born 
December 3, 1748, died April 11, 1806, 
daughter of William Milner, of Falls town- 
ship, Bucks county, Pennsylvania. Nine chil- 
dren were born of this marriage: i. William, 
July 10, 1771. 2. John, September 20, 1773. 

3. Samuel, September 15, 1774. 4. George, 
October 24, 1776. 5. Isaac, October 26, 1778. 
6. Mary, November 5, 1780. 7. Amos, Oc- 
tober 29. 1782. 8. Joseph, August 25, 1784. 
Q. Rebecca, February 25, 1787. 

(\') George (3), son of John (2) and 
Reiiecca (Milner) Hulme, was born in Hulme- 
ville, Pennsylvania, October 24, 1776, died 
there July 16. 1850. He married Sarah Biddle 
Shreve, born 1774, died April, 1847, daughter 
of Joshua Shreve, and by her had seven chil- 
dren : I. James S., born September 27, 1802. 
2. Sarah Biddle, June 26, 1804, married Sam- 
uel F. Levis, of Mt. Holly (see Levis). 3. 
Rebecca .Ann, March 30, 1806. 4. John, Au- 
gust 17, 1808. 5. George, November 6, 1811. 
6. Maria P>.. October 23. 1814, married Samuel 
F. Levis (his second wife). 7. Charles, July 

4, 1809. 

The late Charles Dunham 
DESHLER Deshler, of New Brunswick. 

New Jersey, was of the sixth 
generation of the Deshler family and of the 
eighth generation of the Dunham family in 
America, his ancestral lines being as follows : 
Paternal Line. ( 1 ) Johann Deshler, born in 
(lermany. came to America in 1730. (11) Adam 
Deshler. lived near .Mlentown. Pennsylvania, 
purchased, in 1742, from Frederick Newhard, 
two hundred and three and one-half acres, on 
which he built in I7C)0 the stone dwelling called 
I*"ort Deshler (still standing); furnished the 
provincial troops with sup])lies in the h'rench ;uul 

Indian war ; married Apollonia . (Ill) 

David Deshler. born at Egyjit. Pennsylvania. 
1733, died at Bienj's Bridge, Pennsylvania. De- 
cember, 1796 : built in Germantown, 1772-73, the 
famous dwelling (afterward the residence of 
the Morris family ) known as the Morris- 
Deshler house, which at one time was the 
head(|uarters of the British General Howe, 
and in 1793. during the yellow fever scourge, 
was occui)ied by President Washington as the 

executive mansion; married Susanna . 

(1\) John Adaiu Deshler, born 1766, died 
1820: married Deborah Wagener, (\') 
George Wagener Deshler, ixirn in .Mlentown, 
Pennsylvania. Sejjtember 17, i7')3, died 1836; 

lived in Easton, Pennsylvania ; prothonotary of 
Northampton county, Pennsylvania ; editor for 
some time of the Belvidere (New Jersey) 
Apollo: married. May 4, 1818, Catharine Law- 
son Dunham. (VI) Charles Dunham Desh- 
ler. see forward. 

Maternal Line. (I) Deacon John Dunham, 
born in England in 1589, came to New Eng- 
land in the ship "James" in 1630, and died in 
Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1669 ; married 

Abigail . (II) Benajah Dunham, born 

1640, in Plymouth, Massachusetts, died De- 
cember 24, 1680, in Piscataway, New Jersey ; 
married, October 25, 1660, Elizabeth Tilson. 
(Ill) Rev. Edmund Dunham, born in Piscat- 
away township, Middlesex county. New Jer- 
sey. July 25, 1661, died March 7, 1734; mar- 
ried. July 15, 1681, Mary Bonham (born Oc- 
tober 4. 1 661, died 1742). (IV) Rev. Jona- 
than Dunham, of Piscataway, born August 
16, ifxj4, died ]\Iarch 10, 1777; married Au- 
gust 15. 1714, Jane Pyatt. (V) Colonel Aza- 
riah Dunham, born in Piscataway, New Jer- 
sey, 1719, died January 22, 1790; noted land 
surve_\-or; active in the revolutionary war, 
being a luember of the committee of corres- 
pondence ; married Mary Ford, of Morris- 
town, who was born September 22, 1734, in 
the oltl Ford house at that place, afterward 
Washington's hea(k|uarters. (VI) Dr. Jacob 
Dunham, of New Brunswick, born September 
30, 1767, died August 23, 1832; married Eliz- 
abeth Lawson. (VII) Catharine Lawson 
Dunham, born July 14, 1791, died March 2(). 
1875; married, Mav 4, 1818, George Wagener 
Deshler. (VIII) Charles Dunham Deshler. 

(\'I) Charles Duniiam Deshler, eldest 
child and only son of George Wagener and 
Catharine Lawson (Dunham) Deshler, was 
born in Easton, Pennsylvania, March i, 1819. 
When about four years old he was sent to 
.New Brunswick, New Jersey, to make his 
home with his grandfather, Dr. Jacob Dunham, 
who then resided on J'eace street, at the foot of 
Church, in a house which is still stantling, 
though remodeled. lie was educateil in pri- 
vate schools and at the Rutgers Preparatory 
School, where he was graduated in 1832 at 
the age of thirteen. After his grandfather's 
death in the latter year, he was ajiprenticed as 
clerk to Richard S. McDonald in the drug 
business in New Bnmswick. Succeeding Mr. 
McDonald, he conducted the business under 
the firm styles of Deshler & Carter, Deshler & 
I'oggs. anil finally C. D. Deshler. During this 
l)eriod he took an active and prominent part in 
organizing the New Brunswick gas works, 



savings institution, and circulating library, as 
also the New Brunswick public school system, 
of which he has always been regarded as the 

Moving to Jersey City, Mr. Deshler became 
editor of the American Standard, resigning 
that position to accept the editorship of the 
Newark Daily Adi'crtiscr, and conducted these 
papers with marked ability during a portion of 
the civil war. .Appointed by Governor Joel 
Parker commissioner for the sick and wound- 
ed Jersey troops, he spent considerable time 
in the south caring for the wants and interests 
of the New Jersey and other troops in the 
various hospitals. In 1865 he went to the oil 
regions of Pennsylvania, occupying the posi- 
tion of treasurer of the Farmers' railroad, 
which ran from Petroleum Center to Oil City. 
He resigned that place to become secretary of 
the International Life Insurance Company, of 
Jersey City, and later was engaged in business 
interests and literan,' work in New York City, 
where he was at various times editor of the 
Cliristiaji IntcUigcnccr, secretary of the United 
States Dairy Company, secretary of the Har- 
ney Peak Tin Alining. Milling and Manufac- 
turing Company, and book reviewer for the 
publishing house of Harper Brothers. 

Re-establishing his residence in New Bruns- 
wick, Mr. Deshler was until his death a promi- 
nent and highly esteemed citizen of that com- 
munity. He was lay judge of the Middlesex 
county court of common pleas, postmaster of 
New Brunswick ( appointed by President Cleve- 
land), and agent for the Mutual Life Insur- 
ance Company. For many years he was vestry- 
man of Christ (Episcopal ) Church. Through- 
out his very long life he was strongly inter- 
ested in public affairs, and he was associated 
on intimate terms with many of the most dis- 
tinguished political leaders. Originally an 
ardent Whig ( his first vote being cast for Har- 
rison and Tyler in 1840), he later became a 
member of the so-called Know Nothing party, 
and finally of the Democratic organization. 
By appointment from Governor McClellan he 
sensed as one of the commissioners for the 
Blind and Feeble-minded, having charge of 
the erection of buildings, etc. At the centen- 
nial of the New Jersey state legislature he 
delivered, by the invitation of that body, one 
of the addresses. A man of accomplished lit- 
erary ability, for a portion of his life (as we 
have seen ) a professional writer and editor, 
and at all times occupied more or less with 
literary studies and composition, no account of 
his career would be adequate without a some- 

what particular allusion to this phase of it. 
His reading was most extensive, his tastes in- 
clining especially to the study of English liter- 
ature, of which he had a scholarly knowledge, 
and upon which he wrote and published val- 
uable critical essays and other contributions. 
He was the author of "Selections from the 
Poetical Works of Geoffry Chaucer" (Put- 
nam, 1848) and "Afternoons with the Poets" 
( Hari^er, 187Q). He also devoted much atten- 
tion to historical researches, and in this con- 
nection published many sketches and addresses. 
The George W. Deshler Memorial Library of 
the New Brunswick high school was given by 
him in memory of a son. Mr. Deshler died at 
his residence in New Brunswick, Alay 10, 
1909, in his ninety-first year. 

He married, Alay 30, 1841, Mary Moore 
Holcombe, born October 10, 1824, in New- 
Brunswick, died September 7, 1893, daughter 
of Theophilus Moore and Catherine Neilson 
(Farmer) Holcombe. The Holcombes in this 
line were an older Quaker family, originally 
of Lambertville, New Jersey. Children: i. 
Edward Boggs. 2. George Wagener, graduate 
of West Point Military Academy, and after- 
ward first lieutenant of Company A, First 
.\rtiUcry, L'nited States army ; died of yellow 
fever at Fort Barrancas, Florida, July 28, 
1875. 3. Monroe Holcombe (deceased). 4. 
James. 5. Kate. 6. Theophilus Holcombe 
(deceased). 7. Mary Holcombe. 8. Elizabeth 
Dimham (deceased). 9. Charles. 10. Fred- 
erick. II. Edith. 

(VII) James Deshler, fourth child of 
Charles Dunham and Mary Moore (Hol- 
combe) Deshler, was born in New Brunswick, 
New Jersey, May 9, 1850. He received a 
public school education and at an early age 
engaged in mercantile employment in Newark, 
New Jersey, subsequently being a clerk in the 
office of the general ticket agent of the New 
Jersey Central railroad, Wall street, New 
York City. From 1865 to 1874 he was in the 
Pennsylvania oil regions, occupying positions 
as clerk for the Farmers' railroad and with 
George H. Bissell & Company, bankers at 
Petroleum Centre. In the latter year he re- 
turned to New Brunswick, where he became 
connected with the New Jersey Rubber Com- 
pany. He has since continued with that manu- 
facturing interest, which in 1876 took the name 
of the New Jersey Rubber Shoe Company, and 
in 1892 was merged in the United States Rub- 
ber Company ; and he now occupies the posi- 
tion of superintendent and manager of the 
New Jersey factory of the United States Rub- 



ber Company. Mr. De.^hler is president f>f the 
New Brunswick Trust Company. He mar- 
ried Ellen Slater, their children being: i. 
IVIary\ married George W. Wilmot, of New 
Brunswick. 2. Anna H., married Frank K. 
Runyon. of New Brunswick. 3. Katherine, 
married Dr. Frank L. Ilindle. of New Bruns- 
wick. 4. Louise, married Robert E. Ross, of 
New Brunswick. 5. George Ray, married 
Mabel Dickson, of New Brunswick. 6. Helen. 

The family name Dunham is 
DI^NILAM a surname derived from a 

place and in part from per- 
sonal qualities. Dim is a Celtic adjective mean- 
ing brown and "ham" in early Anglo-Saxon 
stood for house. Therefore the town house 
of the Duns was Dunham. In early times the 
name was variously written, according to the 
peculiar fancy of the writer, hence the familiar 
Dunham patronymic is found otherwise as 
Doneham, Denliam and Duneham. In its 
origin the name dates back to some remote 
period, even before the Saxon invasion of 
England. Most all words, whether names of 
persons, places or things! have a history, "the 
ancestry of which, as of individuals, is often a 
very noble part." 

(I) Deacon John Duniiam, immigrant an- 
cestor and founder of this family in America, 
is said to have come from Lancashire, Eng- 
land, in the ship "Hope" in 1630-31.* He set- 
tled at New Plymouth, became landholder in 
1632 and was made freeman of the colony 
there in i()33. .ScMjn afterward he became 
identified with the Pilgrim church, in 1638 
being elected deacon of the religious society. 
.•\t that time in the "Old Colony," as after- 
ward in most other New England colonies, 
none but church members were admitted to 
full citizenship. John Dunham was one of 
the four deputies elected in 1638 to represent 
the Plymouth settlement, and for each sticces- 
sive council during the next twenty years he 
was chosen to this rcs])onsil)le office in the 
legislative assembly. He was born in England 
in 1589, and after coming to J'lymouth con- 
tinued to live there until he was eighty years 
old. The jjublic records mention his upright 
character as a lawmaker and his pious life as 

•It Is claimed by the author of the recent Dun- 
ham Genealogy (1007) that he was Identical with 
John Goodman of the "Mayflower." having assumed 
and for some time borne the name of Goodman In 
order to conceal hi.s personality from his Episcopa- 
lian relatives In England, who bitterly resented his 
association with the Pilgrims. 

a faithful deacon of the Plymouth church. At 
his death in 1668-69 't was written in the town 
records that he was "an approved servant of 
God, and a useful man in his place." He 
made his last will January 25, 1669, which was 
witnessed by two staunch Pilgrims, John Cot- 
ton and Thomas Cushman. His wife, Abigail, 
was appointed to administer his estate, an in- 
ventory of which was made by Thomas South- 
worth. Of his children seven sons and three 
daughters survived him, all of whom lived to 
mature years and became founders of large 
families. Of this large and influential familv, 
which greatly multiplied and replenished the 
earth, all of the children settled at first in the 
New England colonies, except Benajah, who 
emigrated to East Jersey about 1671. Cliil- 
dren of Deacon John and .Abigail Dunham : 
I. John, born in Leyden, 1620. 2. Abigail, 
born England, 1623; married, November 6, 
1644. Stephen Wood. 3. Samuel, born Eng- 
land, 1625; married, June 29, 1649, Mrs. Mar- 
tha Falloway. 4. Thomas, born 1627; mar- 
ried, in 1651, Martha Knott. 5. Hannah, born 
1630; married, October 31, 165 1, Giles Rich- 
ard. 6. Jonathan, born 1634; married (first) 
November 29, 1655, Mary Delano; (second) 
October 15, 1657, Mary Cobb. 7. Joseph, born 
1637; married (first) November 18, 1657, 
Mercy Morton; (second) August 20, 1669, 
Hester Wornall. 8. Benajah, born 1640; see 
post. 9. Persis, born 1641 ; married. October 
'5- 'f'S?- Benajah Piatt. 10. Daniel, born 
1649; married, about 1671, . 

(II) Benajah, son of Deacon John and .\bi- 
gail (Wood) Dunham, was born in Plymouth, 
New England, in 1640. and died at Piscata- 
way. New Jersey, December 24, 1680. He 
bought lands in Piscataway in 1672, but lived 
previously in Eastham, Massachusetts, where 
he was a court officer in 1669. He was made 
freeman in 1664 and in 1673 was appointed 
captain of militia. He married, October 25, 
1660, Elizabeth Tilson. of .Scituate, Massa- 
chusetts, daughter of Edmund Tilson, of 
Plymouth. They had seven children : i . Ed- 
mund, see post. 2. John, born August 28, 
1663; died September 6, 1663. 3. Elizabeth, 
born November 20, 1664; died December 31, 
1667. 4. Hannah, June 4, i(S66; died Decem- 
ber 25, 1667. 5. B)enjamin, born October 28, 
i6(>7; died young. 6. Mary, born New Jersey, 
in 1(169; married Thompson. 7. Eliza- 
beth, born 1670; married, July 15, 1691, Jonas 

(HI) Rev. I'~(lmun<l. son of Benajah and 
Elizabeth (Tilson) Dunham, was burn in 



Plymouth, July 25, 1661 ; died March 17, 1734. 
He was one of the founders, 1689, of the 
church at Piscataway, New Jersey, also being 
deacon and lay preacher : and he was ordained 
in the ministry at Westerly, Rhode Island, in 
1705. In the same year he founded the Sev- 
enth Day Baptist church at Piscataway and 
was the foremost leader of that church in New 
Jersey during the period of his life. He also 
performed the duties of magistrate, having 
been commissioned justice by Queen Anne in 
T709. He married, July 15, 1681, Mary, 
daughter of Nicholas Bonham, whose wife 
was Hannah, daughter of Samuel Fuller, son 
of Edward Fuller who with wife Ann came 
over in the "Mayflower." Samuel Fuller mar- 
ried Jane Lothrop, daughter of Thomas Loth- 
rop, son of Robert Lothrop, whose father was 
John Lothrop. of Cherry^ Burton, England, 
and afterward one of the prominent characters 
of New England history. Rev. Edmund and 
Mary ( lionham ) Dunham had eight children : 

1. Benajah, born August 13. 1684: died 
August II, 1742; married, August 20, 1704, 
Dorothy Martin. 2. Elizabeth, born No- 
vember 26, 1689; married, August 21, 1704, 
Jonathan Martin. 3. Edmund, born January 
13. 1691 ; married (first) March 11, 1717, 
Dinah Fitz Randolph; -(*€coid4 -Mary Hi41. 
4. Jonathan, see post. 5. Ephraim, born May 

2, 1696; married. June 16, 1716, Phebe 
Smalley. 6. Ruth, born November 26, 1698; 
married David Thomas. 7. Mary, born July 
I, 1700: married, June 12, 1721, Elisha 
Smalley. 8. Hannah, born A|)ril 14, 1704; 
married, March 29, 1724, Josiah Davis. 

(IV) Rev. Jonathan, son of Rev. Edmund 
and Mary ( Ijonham) Dunham, was born 
March 4, 1693; died March 10, 1777. In 
1746 he succeeded his father in the ministry 
and for many years held a position of great 
prominence in the church of his faith. He 
preached in Pennsylvania and Rhode Island, 
in the latter state at Westerly and Newport. 
He married. August 15, 1714, Jane Pyatt, who 
died near Stelton, New Jersey, September 15, 
1779, aged eighty-four years. Of this mar- 
riage eight children were born: , i. Elizabeth, 
born 1715: married, 1739, MicaJah Dunn. 2. 
Azariah, born February 9, 1718; married 
(first) Mary Truxton : (second) Mary (Ford) 
Stone. 3. Jonathan, born May 23, 1721 ; mar- 
ried Keziah Fitz Randolph. 4. David, see 
post. 5. Isaac, born August 10, 1725 ; died 
young. 6. Ruth, born January 3, 1727; mar- 
ried, February 25, 1746, James Martin. 7. 
Samuel, born November 27. 1730; married. 

May 8, 1750, Mary Lucas. 8. Jane, born 
Aprir2, 1734. 

(V) David, son of Rev. Jonathan and Jane 
(Pyatt) Dunham, was born in Piscataway, 
New Jersey, March 14, 1723; died October 6, 
1806. He married, October 14, 1750, Rebecca 
Dunn, who bore him six children : i. Jonathan, 
born 1751 ; died October 6, 1806; married 
(first) Sarah Lenox; (second) Susanna Hal- 
sey. 2. Sarah, born 1752; married Abel Stelli. 
3. David, born 1755 ; married Keziah Dunn. 4. 
Jeremiah, born 1758; died January 11, 1831 ; 
married Phebe Fitz Randolph. 5. Azariah, 
see post. 6. Phineas, born 1764; married 
Zeruiah Dunham. 

(VI) Azariah, son of David and Rebecca 
(Dunn) Dunham, was born December 24, 
1760; died October 7, 1839. He married, Oc- 
tober 7, 1792. Elizabeth Dunham, daughter of 
David Dunham, Esq., and granddaughter of 
Colonel Azariah Dunham. She died April 12, 
1827. Three children were born of this mar- 
riage: I. Jephtha, born June 22, 1793; see 
post. 2. Aaron, born June 4, 1795; married 
Eliza Carlisle. 3. Mary, married Job Wolver- 

(\'II) Jephtha. son of Azariah and Eliza- 
beth ( Dunham ) Dunham, was bom June 22, 
1793, and married. October 11, 1815, Ann 
Runyon. They had five children: i. Jane, 
born July 16, 1816, married Augustus T. 
Stout. 2. Nelson, born September 18, 1818, 
see post. 3. Lewis Runyon, born .\ugust 22, 
1824. 4. Jeremiah Stelle. born November 19, 
1 83 1, married, September 24, 1867, Frances 
Augusta Lawton, born August 30, 1846. 5. 
Elizabeth, born August 10. 1834, married 
Henry Waters. 

(\TII) Nelson, son of Jeptha and Ann 
(Runyon) Dunham, was born in New Bruns- 
wick.' New Jersey. September 18, 1818. He 
was a merchant of New Brunswick, engaged 
in a general dry goods business, successful in 
his own endeavors, and prominently identified 
with the political life of the city for many 
years. During the last thirty years of his 
life he was secretary and treasurer of the New 
lirunswick Savings Institution, having given 
up mercantile pursuits to manage the business 
of the bank. At different times he served as 
alderman of the city and member of the board 
of education. In politics he was a republican 
and in religious preference a Baptist. Mr. 
Dunham married, at New Brunswick. Febru- 
ary I. 1844. Elizabeth Augusta Linant. born 
March 7. 1818. daughter of .Andrew Linant, 
born Rouen, France, December 8, 1785, son 



of Andre \ iiicent A. Linant, who married 
July ". 1817. Margaret, widow of John Marsh, 
and whose family name was Manning. She 
was a daughter of Joseph Manning, of Plain- 
field, New Jersey, niece of Rev. Dr. James 
Manning, first president of Brown Univer- 
sity, and granddaughter of Judge Daniel 
Cooper, of Morris county. New Jersey. Mar- 
garet Manning also was descended from Jef- 
frey Manning, died 1693, who married Hep- 
zibah Andrews, daughter of Joseph Andrews, 
of Hingham. Massachusetts. James Man- 
ning, son of Hepzibah, married Christiana 
Eaing, and had a son James, who married 
Grace Fitz Randolph and had a son Joseph, 
who married Providence Cooper and had a 
daughter Margaret, who married (first) John 
Marsh and (second) Andrew Linant. Nelson 
and Elizabeth Augusta ( Linant ) Diuihani had 
two children: i. Andrew Linant, born New 
Brunswick. December 9, 1844. married Mary, 
daughter of Dr. John Magee and had Albert 
Newell, who married Jane De Camp Felch, 
and Rev. Clarence Manning, not married. 2. 
Charles Arndt, see post. 

dX) Charles Arndt, second son and child 
of Nelson and Elizabeth Augusta (Linant) 
Dunham, was born in New Brunswick, New 
Jersey, August 25. 1850, and acquired his 
earlier education in public and private schools 
in that city, and his higher literarv education 
at Rutgers College, where he graduated in 
1872. Since leaving college he has been iden- 
tified in one capacity and another with the 
business management of the New Brunswick 
Savings Institution, and since 1885 has been 
its secretary and treasurer. He holds mem- 
bership in the Massachusetts and New Jersey 
societies of Mayflower Descendants, is a Re- 
publican in political preference and an attend- 
ant at the services of the Baptist church. Mr. 
Dunham is not married. 

years was engaged in the rubber business, and 
is the son of the present Clarkson Runyon, 
also of New Brunswick, who is identified with 
financial interests in New York City, being 
a member of the Stock Exchange, and of his 
wife, Laura Nichols Phillips, daughter of 
John Phillips, of New York. 

Laurance Phillips Runyon, 
RCXVON M. D., of New Bruns- 
wick, New Jersey, was born 
in that city, February 5, 1877. Me was 
graduated from Rutgers College in 1899, and 
from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
New York City, in 1903. After three years 
in hospital work in New York he embarked 
rn medical |)ractice in New Brunswick, which 
he has since pursued with success and repu- 
tation, lie is a member of the state and 
county medical societies. 

Dr. Runyon is the grandson of Clarkson 
Run\-on. of New Brunswick, who for many 

The first little band of German 
CCJNARD emigrants set sail for Pennsyl- 
vania in the ship "Concord," 
July 24. i'>83. There were thirteen men with 
their families, comprising thirty-three persons, 
nearly all of whom were relatives, and all from 
Crefeld, a city of the lower Rhine in Germany, 
a few miles from the borders of Holland. 
Among the number on board the ship was 
Thones Kunders, a man at that time about 
twenty-five or thirty years old, and his wife 
Elin, who is supposed to have been a sister 
of William Streypers, who also was one of 
the immigrants. Probably all of those on 
board the "Concord" on this voyage were 
Menonites and Friends in religious faith, and 
both of these sects believed in inward piety and 
a godly humble life, considered all strife and 
warfare as unchristian, abstained from taking 
oaths, opposed a paid ministry, favored silent 
prayer and exercised strict discipline over their 
members. Before starting for America 
Thones Kunders had purchased a warrant for 
five hundred acres of land to be located in 
I'ennsylvania, being the .same which one Len- 
art Arets had previously bought of William 
Penn. The land was at Germantown, in the 
north part of the present city of Philadelphia, 
and it was there that our ancestor settled down 
with his wife and three boys to work out for 
himself a liveliliood in America. While liv- 
ing in Crefeld he had carried on the trade of 
a blue dyer, and continued the same after set- 
tling at Germantown. In 1683, very soon 
after their arrival, the first meeting of Friends 
was helfl in the house of Thones Kunders, 
and it is probable that the meetings were con- 
tiiuied to be held tiicre until the erection of 
the first meeting, in 1686. In the course 
of time this ancestor, Thones Kunders, came 
to be known as Dennis Conard, or Conrad, as 
otherwise frequently written. He had seven 
children: Cunraed, .Madtis, John. Ann, Agnes, 
Henry and Elizabeth, the first three of whom 
were born in Crefeld and the others at Ger- 
mantown. This Thones Kunders, or Dennis 
Conard, Was progenitor of a numerous family 
of descendants, who in later generations have 
become well scattered throughout Chester, 



Montgomery and Philadelphia counties in 
f'ennsylvania and also in the bordering states 
of Delaware and New Jersey. 

(II) Mathias Conard, son of Thones Kun- 
ders, was born in Crefeld, (.jermany, Novem- 
ber 25, 1679, died in Germantown, Pennsyl- 
vania, 1726. His children were: Anthony, 
Margaret, Cornelius, Magdalene, William, 
John and ^latliew. 

(III) Cornelius, son of Mathias Conard, 
was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania, mar- 
ried Priscilla , and had a son Joseph. 

(I\') Joseph, son of Cornelius Conard, was 
born April 21, 1742. He married Martha 
Penfield ; children : Paul, Daniel, Joseph, Cor- 
nelius, John, Priscilla and Martha. 

( \' ) Joseph (2), son of Joseph ( i ) Conard, 
was born February 19, 1778, in Chester county, 
Pennsylvania. Later he resided in the city of 
Philadelphia, where at one time he had charge 
of the Callowhill street bridge across the 
Schuykill river. From there he removed to 
New Jersey and settled on a farm below 
Camden, near Mt. Ephraim or Haddonfield. 
He inarried Maria Roberts, born July 23, 
1789. Children: i. Paul, born September 15, 
1809. 2. Martha, born May 15, 1811, died 
January 5. 1813. 3. John R., born October 
21. 1813. 4. Charles, born August 15, 1815. 
5. Lewis K., born July 5. 1818. 6. David, 
born November 20, 1820, died in 1905. 7. Re- 
becca, born April 18, 1822, died October 24, 
1823. 8. Joseph, born June 13, 1825, died 
July 13, 183 1. 9. Sarah, born June 14, 1827. 
10. William, mentioned below. 

(\T) William, youngest son of Joseph (2) 
Conard, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylva- 
nia, January 10, 1833, died November 23, 
1003. He removed with his parents to New 
Jersey, was educated there and afterward for 
a time taught school near Blackbrook. From 
1859 and throughout the period of the civil 
war he was in the employ of the company 
which afterward became the Pullman Car 
Company, in the capacity of conductor, hav- 
ing charge of trains for transporting officers 
and troops to and from the south. After 
the close of the war he became connected with 
the firm of A. H. McNeal & Coinpany. manu- 
facturers of iron pipe at Burlington, and still 
later, under Colonel Whitman, he acted as in- 
spector of iron pipe and other manufactures of 
iron intended for markets. During the war 
he enlisted, but was not called into active serv- 
ice. He was a prominent figure in the Ma- 
sonic order, a member of the Society of 
Friends and a Republican in politics. He 

married. January i, 1862, Julia A. Powell, 
born January i, 1837, died April 28, 1909, 
daughter of Joseph L. and Rebecca Ann 
(Fireng) Powell. Children: i. George P., 
mentioned below. 2. Anna L., died February 
23, 1909. 3. William Roberts, mentioned 

Thomas Powell, grandfather of Julia A. 
( Powell ) Conard, came from Shrewsbury, 
England, to America about 1751 ; he was a son 
of wealthy parents and was a student at col- 
lege wdien he was impressed in the British 
navy and brought to America during the 
French and Indian war. He was a musician 
and served as drum major in an American 
regiment. He was a school teacher, writing 
master and followed the occupation of sur- 
veying. He married (first) in 1769, at New 
Brunswick, New Jersey, Jane Henry; (sec- 
ond ) Hannah Smith, at New Brunsw'ick, New 
Jersey, July 3, 1791. Children of Thomas and 
Hannah Powell: Peter, born May 2, 1792; 
Hannah, January 4, 1794; Elizabeth H., No- 
vember II, 1796; Joseph L., February 19, 
1799, died June i, 1878; father of Julia A. 
(Powell) Conard; Marv A., September 2, 

(\TI) George P., eldest son of William 
Conard, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylva- 
nia, February 16, 1864. He attended the 
Burlington public schools, and after complet- 
ing his studies accepted a position in the shoe 
manufacturing firm of Robert Wood & Son. 
Later he was employed in the car accounting 
department of the Pennsylvania and West 
Shore railroad, and at the present time (1909) 
is serving as president of the Railway Equip- 
ment Publication Company of New York. He 
resides in Brooklyn, New York. He is a 
deacon of the Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian 
Church of that borough, and a Republican in 
politics. He married, October 10. 1888, Helen 
Mary Underwood, born near London, Eng- 
land, May 17, 1862, daughter of John and 
Elizabeth Underwood, formerly of England, 
later of New Durham, New Jersey. Children : 
I : Edith Underwood, born in Brooklyn, New 
York, April 26, 1890. 2. Frederick Under- 
wood, December 17, 1891. 3. Helen Evelyn, 
December 17, 1896. 4. Lillian, March 13, 

(VTI) William Roberts, youngest son of 
William Conard, was born in Burlington. New 
Jersey May 19, 1872. In addition to the in- 
struction he received in public schools and the 
Trenton Business College, he has devoted 
much attention to improving his education by 



self stud)-. When old enough to work he 
found cmijloynient in various clerical capaci- 
ties u]) to 1895. when he took up the work of 
inspecting and testing iron pipes, which he had 
learne<l jiartly from his father but in greater 
part, perhaps, through his own studies and 
practical experience. This inspection work 
has become his chief occupation, in the per- 
formance of which he maintains an office in 
llurlinglon, while his actual work frequently 
calls him to distant parts of the country. He 
is a thorough business man and in his special 
field of work is regarded as an expert. Mr. 
Conard is a member of the board of education 
and also of the city council of Burlington. 
He is a member of Burlington Lodge, No. 32, 
Free and Accepted Masons ; Boudinot Chap- 
ter. Xo. 3. Royal Arch Masons; Helena Com- 
mandery, Xo. 3. Knights Templar ; Crescent 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine, of Trenton ; Burlington Lodge, 
No. 22. Independent Order of Odd Fellows ; 
E^'ening Star Council, No. 38, Junior Order 
L'nitcd American Workmen, of Burlington, 
and past state councillor of that order ; mem- 
ber and trustee of the Broad Street Methodist 
Episcopal Church of Burlington. 

Mr. Conard married Corabelle Topping, 
born in Brooklyn, Xew York, June 23, 1863, 
daughter of Clarence W. and Augusta (Xich- 
ols) To'pping, the latter of whom was a daugh- 
ter of Robert H. Nichols, who was a ship 
master in the American Xavy during the war 
of 1812. Children: i. Wilfred George, born 
in I'nrlington, September 8, 1896. 2. Robert 
Powell, Piurlington, November 2, 1898. 3. 
Corabelle .Augusta. Burlington, January 27. 
1902. 4. Esther Laurie, Burlington. March 
10, 1905. 

James Donohue. a native oi 
[)( ).\'( )m'['' Ireland, came to .-\merica 

when a young man and set- 
tled in Xew Brunswick, living there until the 
time of his death in 1880. He married Jane 
Reynolds, born in Ireland and died in New 
P>runswick in 1883. 

(II) Dr. Frank M. Donohue, son of James 
and Jane (Reynolds) Donohue, was born in 
New Brunswick, August 17, 1859, and ac- 
(|uired his early education in the i)ublic schools 
and grammar school of that city. Subse- 
quently he took a special course in chemistry 
at Rutgers, and later for two years was a 
student at St. Francis Xavier College, New 
York City. He studied medicine under the 
direction of Dr. Clifford Morrogh, of New 

Brunswick, one of the leading men of his pro- 
fession in the state, and made the course of 
the medical department of the Xew York 
L'niversity, graduating M. D. in 1881, magna 
cum laudc, winner of the highest prize of five 
hundred dollars for general proficiency. And 
as he won high honors as a student of the 
medical course at the university, so too has he 
attained distinction in professional life, for he 
has come to be recognized as one of the most 
successful surgeons of this state. Since he 
came to the degree Dr. Donohue has practiced 
general medicine and surgery in Xew Bruns- 
wick, although his fame as a surgeon is known 
throughout the region. He was the first sur- 
geon in Xew Jersey to successfully perform 
the Caesarian section operation, and this 
achievement alone has given him wide celel> 
rity, although his skill and success in general 
surgery in later years have added to his popu- 
larity in all professional circles. He is a 
close and constant student, avoids the compli- 
cations of politics and devotes his attention 
solely to professional employments. He is a 
member of the American Medical Association, 
the Xew Jersey State Medical Society, ex- 
president of the Middlese5c County Medical So- 
ciety and an honorary member of the Somer- 
set County Medical Society. 

The hospital and other principal professional 
a[ipointments of Dr. Donohue are : Visiting 
surgeon to St. Peter's General Hospital and 
the Wells Memorial Hospital ; consulting sur- 
geon to the Somerset County Hospital at Som- 
ervillc ; railroad surgeon for the Pennsylva- 
nia Railroad Com])any ; medical examiner for 
the ru|uitable Life, Mutual Life, Metropolitan 
Life. Mutual Benefit Life, Prudential Life. 
Provident Life and Trust, Connecticut Mutual 
Life, and Northwestern Life insurance com- 
panies, and confidential examiner for the Trav- 
ellers' Life Insurance Company. lie is a 
trustee of the Xew Jersey State Home for 
Boys, a vice-president and director of the 
People's National Bank of New Brunswick, 
director of the New Brunswick Trust Com- 
pany, and trustee of the New Brunswick Sav- 
ings Institution. He is the owner of a hand- 
some coimtry property of one hundred acres, 
"Cedarcrest." near liound Brook. New Jersey. 

In 1884 Dr. IDonohue married Elizabeth, 
daughter of George Buttler, for many years a 
leading citizen and business man of New 
Brunswick. lie was one of the pioneers of 
the gold regions of California, a "49er." and 
after a few years in the far west he returned 
east and afterward became prominently iden- 



tificil with the industrial Hfe of New Bruns- 
wick, proprietor of a large sash, door and 
blind factory and planing mill, and one of the 
foremost business men of the city for many 
years. Me married Harriet Ann \'oorhees. 
Dr. I'Vank }>.[. and Elizabeth (Buttler) Dono- 
hue have three children, all born in New 
Ilrunswick: Mary D., born August 7, 1885; 
Elizabeth, March 27. 1897; Frank, March 12, 

The Booraem, Boerum and 
BOOR.AEM \'an Boerum families belong 

to that noble and stalwart 
group of colonists and settlers who came 
originally from Holland to New Xetherland, 
and then emigrated again from the province 
of New York to the province of New Jersey 
where they made names and homes for them- 
selves and reputations for their descendants 
to be proud of and to imitate. 

(I ) W'illem Jacobse, founder of the family, 
was a resident of the little village of Boerum 
in Friesland, and being a staunch adherent of 
the Prince of Orange, he found himself obliged 
in order to escape the persecution under the 
Duke of .\lva and the Spanish Inquisition, to 
leave his native land for the freedom and safety 
of the western world. Consequently he emi- 
grated with his two sons, Hendrick and Jacob, 
to New Amsterdam in 1657, and settling at 
Flatbush spent there the remainder of his 
life. He was born in 1617, and died before 
1698. In 1657 and in 1662 and 1663, he is re- 
corded as being one of the magistrates of the 
town. His name is on the assessment roll of 

1675, and he took the oath of allegiance there 
in 1687. He married Geertje Hendrickse, and 
had four children who are of record: i. Hen- 
drick W'illemse, who is referred to below. 2. 
Jacob \\'illemse, emigrated with his father and 
brother, died before 1698, and married, June 
15, 1684, Geertruyd De Beavois, from Leyden. 
3. Geertruy Willemse, probably the person of 
tiiat name who married Francis du Puis. 4. 
Hillegont W'illemse. 

(II) Hendrick W'illemse van Boerum, the 
eldest son of W'illem Jacobse and Geertje Hen- 
drickse, was born in Boerum, about 1642, ac- 
companied his father in his emigration to this 
country, and is found in Flatbush in 1675 and 

1676, and in the census of 1698 is registered 
among the inhabitants of New Lots. In 1687 
he took the oath of allegience in Flatbush, and 
two years previously he was one of the pat- 
entees of the town in the charter of Governor 
Dongan. May 27, 1679, he bought of his 

father a farm in Matbush adjoining on the 
south side his father's plantatinn and on the 
north that of the Widow liegeman, deceased, 
with meadows at Canarsie and lot number 16 
in the new lots of the said town. About 1663 
he married Maria Ariaens and had four chil- 
(!ren of record: i. Hendrick, baptized July 22, 
1683. 2. Arie or Adriaen, who removed to 
Freehold, New Jersey, born 1666, married 
Sarah Smock. 3. Louise, baptized in I-'lat- 
bush, October 24, 1680. 4. Hendrick, who is 
referred to below. ' 

(III) Hendrick,' the son of Hendrick Will- 
emse and Maria Ariaense Boerum, was born 
in Flatbush. He changed the name to its 
jiresent spelling; he moved to Bound Brook. 
Among his children was Nicholas, who is re- 
ferred to below. 

(IV) Nicholas, the son of Hendrick 
Booraem, was born near Bound Brook, So- 
merset county, New Jersey, in 1714, and set- 
tled near New Brunswick. Among his chil- 
dren w-as Nicholas, who is referred to below. 

(V) Nicholas (2), son of Nicholas (i) 
Booraem, was born near New Brunswick, New 
Jersey, in 1736, and served in in the revolu- 
tionary army. Among his children was 
Nicholas, who is referred to below. 

(\'I) Nicholas (3), son of Nicholas (2) 
Booraem, was born near New Brunswick, New 
Jersey, and died in 1869. During the war of 
1812 he served with distinction as the colonel 
of a New Jersey regiment and lost his hearing 
by the explosion of a cannon during a battle. 
He was a W hig, a member of the New Jersey 
assembly, one of the associate judges of the 
court of common pleas for Middlesex county, 
and for forty-two years the county treasurer. 
He was also an elder in the First Reformed 
Church of New Brunswick. By his wife, 
.Sarah (W'illet) Booraem, who came also of 
revolutionary stock, he had twelve children : 

1. Eliza, married the Rev. John \"an Arsdale. 

2. Ellen, married Thomas Booraem. 3. Eme- 
line, married Charles Smith, M. D. 4. Louisa, 
married Nicholas Edgar Bookstaver. 5. Henry 
who entered the United States navy and was 
killed while home, in the great tornado that 
swept over New Brunswick, 1836. 6. Au- 
gustus, M. D. 7. Theodore, who is referred 
to below. And five other children who died 
in their youth. 

(\'II) Theodore, son of Nicholas (3) and 
Sarah (W'illet) Booraem, was born in New 
Ijrunswick, New Jersey, in 1831, and died 
there in 1885. He studied law with Senator 
Schenck and Judge Van Dyke, and then began 



as a general ]M-actitioncr in New Brunswick. 
lie went into the insurance business and gave 
much of his time to the setthng up of estates, 
lie was a Republican, and for some time was 
the collector of Middlesex county. By his 
wife. Mary ( Foster ) Booraem, he had three 
children: i. Theodore B., who is referred to 
below. 2. Margaret, married Rev. Henry J. 
Scudder and is now with her husband a mis- 
sionary of the Reformed Church in America 
in India. 3. Harriet. 

I \'1I1) Theodore B., son of Theodore and 
.Mary (Foster) Booraem, was born in New 
Brunswick, Xew Jersey, .April 30, 1861, and 
is now living in that city. He graduated from 
Rutgers College in 1881 with honors, and then 
studied law with .\. \'. Schenck. He was ad- 
mitted to the New Jersey bar as attorney in 
1884, and as counsellor in 1887. He then 
began practising in New Brunswick, where 
his success was brilliant and his advancement 
ra]>id. In 1892 he formed a partnership with 
John S. X'oorhees, which continued until the 
death of the latter. He has devoted much 
time to corporation law and its problems, is the 
representative of many of the principal firms in 
Xew Brunswick, and is officially connected 
with many companies. In 1904 he was ap- 
])()iiited assistant United States attorney for 
the district of New Jersey, which office he 
held until April i, 1906, when he resigned and 
became judge of the Middlesex county court 
of common pleas, in which position he re- 
mained until .Ajjril, 1909, when he became 
prosecutor of the pleas of Middlesex county, 
which office he now holds. He has also been 
cit)- attorney for the city of New Brunswick, 
and a director in a number of business corpo- 
rations of the city. He is also a member of 
many organizations, among them being the 
Holland Society of New York, and the Young 
Men's Cliristian Association, of which he is 
an active member. He is a member of the 
Second Reformed Church of New Brunswick. 

.April If), 1895, Theodore B. Booraem mar- 
ried Helen Constance Randall, of New P)runs- 
wick, whose maternal grandfather, Abraham 
Suydam, was one of the prominent early pio- 
neers of New Brunswick, president oi the 
Farmers" and Mechanics' National Bank, and 
at one time owned half of the site of the pres- 
ent city. 

Charles Tiebout Cow- 
C()\\I':NIK)\"EN enhoven, of the city of 
New Brunswick, law- 
yer, ex-judge and ex-prosecutor of the pleas. 

is a descendant of one of the earliest colonial 
families of America. The immigrant ances- 
tor, W'olfert (jerritse \'an Cowenhoven, came 
from Holland in 1630 and founded the colony 
of New .Amersfoort on Long Island, a patent 
foi the lands having been granted him by Gov- 
ernor \'an Twiller. One of this family was 
Jacob Wolpherson \'an Cowenhoven, delegate 
to the states-general of Holland ; and a famous 
descendant in the American line was Egbert 
Ijenson, the eminent jurist. .Another early 
ancestor of Charles Tiebout Cowenhoven was 
Nicasius de Sille, one of the nine selectmen 
in the council of Governor Stuyvesant, 
Schepen, and mentioned in the list of "great 
citizens" in the year 1657. 

Charles Tiebout Cowenhoven is a great- 
grandson of Catherine Remsen and is grand- 
son of Garetta Tiebout, his parents having 
been Nicholas Remsen Cowenhoven (who 
came to New Brunswick, New Jersey, from 
Brooklyn, New York), and Anna Rappelyea 
( who was born in Somerset county. New Jer- 
sey). Judge Cowenhoven's father was not en- 
gaged in professional or business occupation, 
but lived a quiet and retired life, and was rec- 
ognized and respected as a gentleman of the old 
school. His family consisted of the follow- 
ing children: i. Garreta T., married David 
Bishop, of Bishop Place, College avenue. New 
Brunswick. 2. Catherine, married (as his first 
wife) Rev. Dr. W. J. R. Taylor, a distin- 
guished divine of the Reformed church, and 
father of Rev. Dr. Graham Taylor, of the 
Chicago University, arid of Rev. Dr. William 
R. Tavlor, pastor of the Brick Church of 
Rochester, New York. 3. Maria Sefferts, 
married (second wife), her brother-in-law. 
Rev. Dr. \\'. J. R. Taylor. 4. Sarah Lefferts. 
married Oscar Johnson Jr., of the old Johnson 
family of Long Island, nephew of the late Whitehcmse. of Illinois. 5. Cornelia 
\'an A'eclitcn, died unmarried. 6. Marianna 
.A., resides with her brother in New Bruns- 
wick. 7. Nicholas Remsen. died young. 8. 
Charles Tiebout. 

Charles Tiebout Cowenhoven was born in 
New Brunswick, New Jersey, December i, 
1844. He was graduated from Rutgers Col- 
lege in June, 1862, studied law in the office of 
.Abraham \'. Schenck, of New Brunswick, and 
was admitted to the New Jersey bar as attor- 
ney in Noveml>cr, 1865, and as counsello; in 
I'^ebruary, i8r)9. From 1869 to 1874 he served 
as president judge of the court of common 
pleas of Middlesex county, being the youngest 
man apjiointed to that bench. He was prose- 



cutor of the pleas of Middlesex county from 
1877 to 1882, and was again president-judge 
of the court of common pleas from 1885 to 
1890. Judge Cowenhoven has always prac- 
ticed his profession in New Brunswick, lie has 
a large general clientage, and is known for par- 
ticular ability and success as an advocate. He 
has conducted many important criminal cases, 
and especially has made a marked reputation 
in noteworthy capital trials. His membership 
in organizations includes the Masonic order 
and the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. 
Married, 1870, Helen A. Towle, whose father, 
Henry Towle, Esquire, was of English birth 
and a prominent merchant. Children: i. 
Charles Tiebout Cowenhoven, Jr., counsellor- 
at-law in New York City; married Emily 
Kearney Rogers. 2. Marie T. 3. Nicholas 
Remsen Cowenhoven, attomey-at-law in New 

Peter Francis Daly, attorney and 
DALY counsellor at law, and surrogate of 
the county of Middlesex, was born 
in the city of New York, May 19, 1867, son of 
Timothy and Catharine (O'Grady) Daly, na- 
tives of county Galway, Ireland. When he 
was six years old, his parents removed to New 
Brunswick, New Jersey. His early educa- 
tion was gained at St. Peter's parochial school 
and the Livingston high school, both in New 
Brunswick. He studied law in the office of 
Hon. James H. Van Cleef, and was admitted 
to the bar at the November term of court in 
1888, being then in his twenty-first year. Soon 
afterward he became a member of the law firm 
of Van Cleef, Daly & Woodbridge, which re- 
lation was continued for three years, and since 
that time Mr. Daly has practiced alone. Dur- 
ing the first ten years of his professional 
career, he was engaged in most of the im- 
portant criminal cases tried in the county, but 
now and for the past ten or more years his 
practice has been almost wholly on the civil 
side of the courts ; it is extensive, important, 
and of general range. He has been counsel 
for the Workingmen's Building and Loan As- 
sociation of New Brunswick, one of the most 
important and progressive organizations of 
its kind in the state, since its incorporation, 
about fourteen years ago. 

Ever since he came of age, Mr. Daly has 
been an influential factor in politics in New 
Brunswick and Middlesex county, and he oc- 
cupies a prominent position in the councils of 
the Democratic party of the state. He early 
became a member of the city Democratic com- 

mittee with the specific purpose of purifying 
the politics of his own ward, the sixth. His 
intense earnestness and strong personality 
soon marked him as a leader, and he had the 
pleasure of causing to be adopted a set of rules 
for primaries calling for clean methods. Hav- 
ing secured the necessary legislation, he set 
about to see it put in force, and proved equally 
successful as an executive officer. His ener- 
getic fight for above-board primaries is a part 
of the history of the ward. He was almost 
killed at one of the primaries, when the lights 
were smashed and the building fired, but he 
has the satisfaction of knowing that since then 
there has not been a dishonest Democratic pri- 
mary in the sixth ward or any other ward of 
the city. Such a spirit proved his strength 
and brought credit and confidence to his party. 
He has been called upon by his party to pre- 
side at its gatherings, has efficiently filled the 
office of chairman of city, county and congre- 
gational conventions, and was for several years 
the chairman of the Middlesex County Demo- 
cratic executive committee. The sixth ward 
elected him to the office of alderman, show- 
ing its appreciation of his services by giving 
him a rousing majority. He ran far ahead 
of his ticket. As party leader in the board of 
aldermen, and as chairman of the finance com- 
mittee, during his two years' term, his duties 
were arduous. It was while he was chairman 
of the finance committee that over five hun- 
dred thousand dollars of the bonded indebted- 
ness of the city matured. The bonds had 
been bearing seven per cent interest, and they 
were renewed at four per cent, and some as 
low as three and one-half per cent. That 
year was known as the great refunding year, 
and was the most important period in the 
financial history of the city in a quarter of a 

The distinction of being the father of the 
resolution that reduced the rate of interest 
on unpaid taxes from 12 to 8 per cent falls 
to Mr. Daly. As chairman of the sewerage 
committee he put through the big sewer in the 
sixth ward, down Hamilton street and along 
the Mile Run brook to the canal, the beginning 
of the sewerage system in that section of the 
city. He personally negotiated for and se- 
cured the right of way for the sewer over 
private property without the cost of one penny 
to the city or to the property owners benefited. 
His public services were always heartily given. 
He was called upon to act as treasurer of the 
aldermanic committee of relief for the fami- 
lies of the local soldiers who so bravely left 



the city to espouse their country's cause in the 
S])anish-Anierican war. He was a valued 
member of the city centennial committee and 
was secretary of the committee on memorial 
to the local sailors who lost their lives upon 
the ill-fated "Maine." In short, he is a rep- 
resentative citizen, a man of the people, whose 
sympathies have been with every public en- 
terprise that tended to the advancement of the 
city's and country's interest. In May, 1899, 
he was appointed counsel of the board of free- 
holders. As counsel to the board Mr. Daly 
retained his independence and fearlessly op- 
posed all measures which appeared to him to 
be against the public good. Politics never 
dictated his duty to him. He rendered his 
oiiinions without fear or favor and was sub- 
servient to no one. These things show the 
character of the man. 

He was deputy and attorney to Leonard 
F"urman, surrogate of Middlesex county, from 
1892 to 1902, and in the year last mentioned 
was himself elected surrogate of the county. 
He served one full term of five years, 
and in up" was re-elected to a sec- 
ond term in the same office. At his first 
election in 1902, he ran nine hundred votes 
ahead of his ticket, and when a candidate for 
a second term he ran eighteen hundred ahead 
of the general ticket. During his connection 
with the surrogate's office, he has made a par- 
ticular study of the matters pertaining to that 
office, and to-day he is considered by the bar 
of the county a specialist in probate practice 
and pleading, one whose opinion is sought by 
other members of the bar. He is a member 
of the .\ew Jersey State Bar Association. He 
was the counsel who directed the incorpora- 
tion of the boroughs of South River, Roose- 
velt and Spotswood, and now is counsel for 
those municipalities and also for the borough 
of llelmetta. .-\t different times he has been 
township attorney for J'iscataway, Raritan, 
Monroe, East P>runswick and Sayreville town- 
ships. He is noted for oratorical ability, both 
at the bar and before po]nilar gatherings, and 
enjoys extensive personal ])opularity. 

Mr. Daly was founder and first grand knight 
of New Brunswick Council, Knights of Co- 
lumbus, and is a charter member and past ex- 
alted ruler of the local lodge of Elks. He was 
])resident of the Catholic Club when twenty 
years old, president of Division No. 5 of the 
.Vncient Order of Hibernians at twenty-two, 
and still holds membership in both of those 
bodies, and also in the Royal .Arcanum, Ger- 
man Society, Aurora and the Catholic Benevo- 

lent Legion. He is a member of St Peter's 
Church, New Brunswick. 

Mr. Daly married, in September, 1893, at 
the church of the Sacred Heart, New Bruns- 
wick, Alary Rose Mansfield, daughter of Will- 
iam and Alargaret ( Eitzgerald ) Mansfield, her 
father being a member of the firm of Harding 
\' Mansfield, wholesale and retail shoe dealers. 
They have one daughter, Alarsraret Rosina 
Daly, born in Xew Brunswick, February, 1895, 
now a .student at Rutgers Preparatory School. 

It cannot be for a moment 
lU >\\'.\E doubted that the Quakers were 
in their principles of religious 
freedom on a much more higher plane both 
morall}- and in equity than the Puritans. They 
were indeed a better-hearted, harder-thinking, 
and therefore broader-minded class of men. 
They were perfectly aware that their acts were 
fre(|uently such as to make them felons in the 
strict sense of the written law. yet their strong 
sense of right and justice were such that they 
dared to render a passive resistance so power- 
ful that these laws were finally repealed. Al- 
though the crime for which the Quaker suf- 
fered in England was far graver than any of 
his transgressions on New England soil, the 
severe penalties in the mother country being 
for refusal in times of great political danger 
to take the oath of allegience and supremacy 
anrl to pay the legal tithes in the parishes in 
which they resided, the penalties inflicted by 
the English authorities never reached the stern 
punishment and brutal treatment meted out 
to the followers of George Fox by the Pil- 
grim Fathers, their associates and the Dutch 
inhabitants of New Netherland. This perse- 
cution was at its height during the early days 
of the settlement of the new world, and one 
of the greatest sufferers from it and also one 
of the most eminent examples of successful 
resistance to it is the case of the founder of 
the r.dwne family and his illustrious son. 

I I ) In the year 1649 a certain Thomas 
P.ijwne, born at Matlock, Derbyshire, England, 
in the I'ifth month, 1595, and baptized the 
following 25th day, arrived in Alassachusetts 
Bay, and shortly afterwards settled in Flush- 
ing, Long Island, then belonging to the Dutch 
government. He died Sejjtember 18, 1677, 
leaving behind him three children: i. John, re- 
ferred to below. 2. Dorothy, born .August 14, 
1631, removed to l'>oston, Massachusetts, in 
1649. 3. Truth, who remained in England. 

(H) John, only son of Thomas Bowne, the 
emigrant, was born in Matlock, March 9, 1627. 



died ill Flushing, Long Island, December 20, 
1695. Accompanying his father to the new 
world, he returned to England in 1650, and re- 
turned to America the following year, visiting 
Flushing with Edward Farrington, who is sup- 
posed to have married his sister, Dorothy. 
Soon after this the entire family settled in 
Flushing, and in 1661 he built the "Bowne 
House" which was used as a meeting place 
for Friends for nearly forty years. In 1656 
his wife Hannah became a Friend, and her 
husband, a Church of England man, attending 
one of the meetings from curiosity, was so 
deeply impressed witii their form of worship, 
that he invited them to meet at his house and 
soon after became a member himself. These 
Quaker meetings in a town founded by 
Massachusetts Puritans under a Dutch gov- 
ernment, was more than the townsfolk could 
stand, and August 24, 1662, complaints were 
made by the Flushing magistrates "that many 
of the inhabitants are followers of the Quak- 
ers who hold their meetings at the house of 
John Bowne." Under the Dutch colonial law 
at that time, religious gatherings of any kind 
except those of the Dutch Reformed religion, 
were subject to a penalty of fifty guilders for 
the first ofi^ence, double for the second, and 
arbitrary correction for every other. Accord- 
ingly, September i, 1662, John Bowne was 
arrested and charged with "harboring Quakers 
and permitting them to hold their meetings at 
his house," and was cast into prison at Fort 
Amsterdam. Two weeks later he was tried 
and condemned to pay £25 Flemish and the 
costs of his trial, and warned that a second 
offense would mean double this fine, while 
any further persistence in such conduct would 
bring banishment from New Netherland. 
John Bowne refused to pay, was confined in 
a dungeon on bread and water and still re- 
maining obdurate he was finally sent as a pris- 
oner to Holland. He was finally released and 
returned to America by way of England and 
the island of Barbadoes, reaching Flushing, 
-March 30, 1663. The document which the 
directors of the West India Company sent to 
the officials of New Netherland is too long to 
quote here, but it is of peculiar historic inter- 
est as the first official proclamation of religious 
liberty for any part of America except Mary- 
land, and its promulgation stopped the perse- 
cution of the Friends on Long Island with the 
exception of the unauthorized acts of Gov- 
ernor Peter Stuyvesant. 

August 7. 1656, John Bowne married (first) 
Hannah, daughter of Lieutenant Robert 

h'eake, who died February 2, 1678, at the resi- 
dence of John Edson, in London, England. 
Her mother, Elizabeth Fones, the widow of 
Henry, son of Governor John Winthrop, of 
Massachusetts, was the daughter of Thomas 
I'^ones, an apothecary of London, by his first 
wife, daughter of Adam Winthrop, of Gro- 
ton. Her pedigree begins with William Fones, 
Esquire, who married the daughter of Sir 
Robert Hyelston, knight, and was the father 
oi George Fones, of Saxbie, who married a 
Malbanck of Malpas, Cheshire, and had a 
son William of Saxbie, whose grandson, John 
of Saxbie, was the great-grandfather of 
Thomas Fones, of London, the grandfather of 
Hannah (Feake) Bowne. Hannah (Feake) 
Bowne became a minister among Friends and 
made two religious visits to England and Ire- 
land and one to Holland. Her husband joined 
her in England in 1676 and accompanied her 
in her religious service until she died the 
following year, and his testimony concerning 
her, given at her funeral at the Peel meeting, 
is remarkable for its tenderness and beauty. 

John and Hannah (Feake) Bowne had eight 
children: i. John, born March 13, 1657, died 
August 30, 1673. 2. Elizabeth, October 8, 
1658, died February 14, 1722; married Samuel 
Titus. 3. Mary, January 6, 1661. 4. Abigail, 
February 5, 1663, died May 14, 1703; married, 
March 25, 1686, Richard Willets, of Jericho, 
Long Island. 5. Hannah, April 10, 1665, died 
December 30, 1707; married Benjamin, son 
of Anthony Field, of Long Island. 6. Samuel, 
referred to below. 7. Dorothy, March 29, 
1669, died November 26, 1790; married, May 
27, 1689, Henry, son of Matthew Franklyn, of 
Flushing. 8. Martha Johannah. August 17, 
1673, died August 11, 1750; married, Novem- 
ber 9, 1695, Joseph, son of John Thorne. 

February 2, 1680, John Bowne married 
(second) Hannah Bickerstaff, who died June 
7, 1690. She bore him six more children: 9. 
Sarah, December 14, 1680. died May 18, 1681. 
10. Sarah, February 17, 1G82. 11. John, Septem- 
ber 10, 1683, died October 25, 1683. 12. 
Thomas, November 26, 1684, died December 
17, 1684. 13. John, September 9, 1686, mar- 
ried, July 21, 1714, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Joseph and Mary (Townley) Lawrence. 14. 
Abigail, July 5, 1688, died July 13, 1688. June 
26, 1693, John Bowne married (third) Mary, 
daughter of James and Sarah Cock, of Mat- 
tinecok. Long Island, who bore him two more 
children: 15. Amy, April i, 1694. 16. Ruth. 
January 30, 1696. 

(Ill) Samuel, sixth child and second son 



of John and Hannah (Feake) Bowne, was 
born in Ekishing. Long Island, September 21, 
1667, (Hed May 30, 1745. He was a minister 
among Friends. October 4. 1691, he married 
(first) at Philadelphia Meeting, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Captain Becket, who died August 21, 
1707. She bore him ten children: i. Samuel, 
referred to below. 2. Thomas, born April 7, 

1694, married, March 7. 171 5. Hannah, daugh- 
ter of John L'nderhill. 3. Eleanor, April 20, 

1695. married, October 9, 1 7 18, Isaac Homer, 
of Mansfield, Burlington county, New Jersey. 
4. Hannah. March 31, 1697, married, April 
6, 1717, Richard Lawrence. 5. John, Sep- 
tember II. 1698, died 1757; married, 1738, 
Dinah L'nderhill. 6. Mary, October 21, 1699, 
married, January 14, 1720. John Kee,se. 7. 
Roabord, January 17, 1701, died before July 
3, 1746, when his daughter Mary married 
Henry, son of Robert and Rebecca Haydock 
married November 16, 1724, Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Joseph Latham of Cow Neck, Hemp- 
stead, Long Island. 8. William, April i, 1702, 
died .\pril 15, 1702. 9. Elizabeth, October 
II, 1704. 10. Benjamin, March 13, died May 
13. 1707. December 8, 1709, Samuel Bowne 
married (second) Hannah Smith, of Flush- 
ing, who died October 11, 1733. She bore 
him five more children: 11. Sarah, September 
30. 1710, married, March 12, 1729, William, 
son of William Burling. 12. Joseph, Febru- 
ary 25, 1712, married (first) November 13, 
1735, Sarah, daughter of Obadiah Lawrence, 
who died January 5, 1740, and (second) June 
13. 1745. Judith, (laughter of Jonathan Mor- 
rell. 13. Anne, October 17, 1715. 14. Ben- 
jamin. August I, 1717. 15. Elizabeth, Novem- 
ber 26, 1720. November 14, 1735, Samuel 
Bowne married (third) Mrs. Grace Cowpcr- 
thwaite, who died November 22, 1760. .She 
bore him no children. 

(I\') Samuel (2), eldest child of Samuel 
(i) and Mary (Becket) Bowne, was born in 
Flushing. Long Island, January 29, 1693, died 
in 1769. Se])tember 20, 1716, he married 
Sarah Franklin, who bore him six children : 
I. William, March 6, 1720, died October 18, 
1747; married Elizabeth Willett, who died the 
same year as her husband. 2. Samuel, re- 
ferred to below. 3. Mary, March 3, 1724, 
married Joscj)!! Farrington. 4. Amy, 1724, 
married George Embree. 5. Sarah, 1726, 
married William Titus. 6. James, 1728, mar- 
ried, 1767. Caroline Rodman; his son Walter 
married Eliza Southgate and was mayor of 
New York City. 

(V) Samuel (3), second child and son of 

Samuel (2) and Sarah (F"ranklinj Bowne, was 
born May 14, 1721. He married Abigail 
Burling, born February 25, 1724. Their 
eleven children were: i. Edward, bom Sep- 
tember 3, 1742, died September 22, 1742. 2. 
James, March 20, 1744. 3. Samuel, .August 

4. 1746, died August 21, 1746. 4. Elizabeth. 
November 19. 1748, died November 22, 1752. 

5. Samuel Jr., June 25, 1750, died July 23, 
1752. 6. Matthew, July 19, 1752. 7. Abigail, 
C)ctober 21, 1754. 8. Sarah. January 14, 1757, 
died May 22, 1760. 9. Mary, August 8, died 
August 24, 1761. 10. William, referred to 
below. II. Samuel Jr., .\pril 5, 1767, married 
Hannah . 

(VI) W'illiam, tenth child and sixth son, 
the fourth to reach maturity, of Samuel (3) 
and .Abigail (Burling) Bowne, was born 
March 9, 1763. May 11, 1791, he obtained 
in New Jersey a marriage license to marry 
.Sarah Newbold, born ]\Iarch 22, 1769. She 
was the daughter of Caleb Newbold and Sarah, 
daughter of Samuel Haines and Lydia, daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Deliverance (Horner) 
Stokes. Samuel was the grandson of Rich- 
ard and -Abigail Haines, the emigrants, and 
son of \\'illiam Haines and Sarah, daughter of 
John Paine, the emigrant. Caleb was the son 
of Thomas Newbold and Edith, daughter of 
Marmaduke and Ann (Pole) Coates, the emi- 
grants. Thomas was the son of Michael New- 
bold and Rachel, daughter of John Clayton, 
the emigrant, and Alichael was the son of 
Michael Sr. and Ann Newbold, the emigrants 
to Burlington county. New Jersey. The chil- 
dren of William and Sarah (Newbold) Bowne 
were: i. Samuel, who died unmarried. 2. .Abi- 
gail, married George, son of Budd and Sarah 
(Haines) Hawwood. 3. William, who died 
uimiarried. 4. lulward, referred to below. 

(\TI) Edward, youngest child and the only 
son lo marry of William and Sarah (New- 
bold) I'.owne, was born in Flushing, Long 
Island. October 16. 1798, died in Springfield 
township, Burlington county. New Jersey, 
February 9, 1871. He was a farmer and .a 
large cattle dealer, at one time owning four 
large farms. He was one of the representa- 
tive men of Springfield township and one of 
its most prominent business men. 

February 6, 1834, Edward Bowne married 
I^lizabcth. daughter of John and Rebecca (Lip- 
pincott) Woodward, who died January 7, 
1875. Their children were: i. Sarah New- 
bold, born January 19, 1835. married David T., 
son of David and Deborah (Troth) Haines, 
and has three children: Elizabeth, married 



Joseph Alatlack ; Annie, married Isaac Lippin- 
cott : anti Emily. 2. John Woodward, Auglist 
3, 1836, married (first) Anna Satterthwaite, 
and ( second ) Sarah Campion. 3. William 
Newbold, April i, 1838, died unmarried. 4. 
Rebecca Woodward, January 6, 1840, married 
Israel Stokes, son of Henry C. and Elizabeth 
( Stokes ) Deacon, and has four children : Ed- 
ward i'owne, married Rachel Jones : Eugene, 
married Helen Lippincott : Eva, married Xew- 
lin Haines : and Anna,, married C. William 
Snyder. 5. Edward Lawrence, September 9, 
1 84 1, married Mary Etta Deacon. 6. Anna 
Matilda, referred to below. 7. Walter P>., 
March 18, 1845, married Edith Johnson. 8. 
Emily Xewbold, August 25, 1847, unmarried. 
9. Franklin Woodward, January 8, 1850, mar- 
ried Laura Lip'^incott. 

(VIII) Anna Matilda, sixth child and third 
daughter of Edward and Elizabeth (Wood- 
ward ) Rowne, was born in Springfield town- 
ship, Burlington county, Xew Jersey, May 12, 
1843, <inf' 's "ow living at Mt. Holly, Burling- 
ton county. .She married (first) Henry Irick. 
born January i, 1833. died February, 1892, the 
eldest child of Henry C. Deacon and Elizabeth, 
daughter of Israel Stokes and Sarah, daughter 
of Joshua and Elizabeth N. (Woolman) Bor- 
ton. Israel was the son of David Stokes and 
Ann, daughter of John and Elizabeth ( Bar- 
low) Lancaster, and the granddaughter of 
Thomas Lancaster, the emigrant, and Phebe, 
daughter of John W'ardell, the emigrant. 
David was the son of John Stokes and Han- 
nah, daughter of Jervis and Mary Stogdelle, 
and the grandson of John and Elizabeth 
( Green ) Stokes. June 23, 1894, Anna Ma- 
tilda ( Bowne) Deacon married (second) 
Oliver L. Jeffrey, who died without issue, Au- 
gust 23, 1908. Oliver L. Jeffrey was born at 
Toms River, a son of James Jeffrey. When 
a young man he engaged in the mercantile 
business in Columbus, Xew Jersey, later re- 
moved to Mt. Holly, where he conducted a 
successful business as a merchant for more 
then forty years : and retired a few years be- 
fore his death. He married (first) Mary .\nn 

The progenitor of the Irick fam- 

IRICK ily in America was Johan Eyrich, 

of Palatina, Holland, who landed 

at Philadelphia with his brother William about 

A. D. 1730-60. 

(I) John Irick (Johan Eyrich) came to 
Pemberton. Xew Jersey, and lived with Dr. 
William Budd, a large owner of proprietory 

lands, and at his death John Irick remained 
with the widow for some years, becoming in- 
terested in purchasing large tracts of lands, 
by which he laid the foundation of the 
future wealth of the family. We have not 
been able to establish the fact that he must 
have been possessed of a competency upon his 
arrival in this country, but it is believed that 
he was so possessed, for he could not in such 
short time have amassed the large estate of 
which he died possessed. He with others was 
naturalized by the provincial legislature in 
1770, his name being anglicized to John Irick. 
The record of his marriage shows that General 
Elias Boudinot became the bondsman in five 
hundred pounds at that time, which fact in- 
dicates that he was not yet twenty-one years 
old. Besides being a man of large means, he 
was a strong churchman, and for many years 
was prominently identified with St. Mary's 
Church (Episcopal) of Burlington, .\mong 
his possessions was a large estate between 
Ijurlington and Mt. Holly, and there he spent 
the greater part of his life, engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits. He married, 2 mo. 28, 1761, 
Man,' Sailer, and (second) 2 mo. 26, 1781, 
Mary Shinn. He died in 1826, aged about 
eighty-si.x years. His children, W'illiam and 
John, were by the first wife, Mary Sailer. 

( II ) General William Irick, elder son of 
John and Mar)' (Sailer) Irick, was born near 
Burlington, New Jersey, in 1767, died Janu- 
ary 26, 1832. Immediately after his marriage 
he removed from his father's homestead on 
the road from Alt. Holly to Burlington, to 
\'incentown, Xew Jersey, and settled on the 
farm now owned and occupied by his grand- 
son, Henry J. Irick. He received his educa- 
tion in the academic schools of Burlington, 
and after leaving school took up surveying and 
convevancing in connection with his extensive 
farming operations. His public documents, 
deeds, articles of agreement, etc., are well and 
accurately written, and still serve very well as 
models from which to copy. He early became 
interested in public affairs, and filled many 
positions of trust and honor ; was a member 
of the house of assembly in 1804. and again 
from 181 1 to 1814, inclusive, and meml>er of 
the governor's council from 1815 to 1817. 
During the second war with the mother coun- 
trv he was in command of the state militia at 
Rillingsport and thus acquired the military 
title by which he was ever afterward known 
and addressed. In politics General Irick was 
a staunch W hig. His death was much la- 
mented by a wide circle of devoted friends. 



chief among whom was Chief Justice Ewing, 
with whom he always maintained an intimate 
friendship. He married Margaret, daughter 
of Job and Anne ( Munro ) Stockton ; children : 

1. Anne, married Colonel Thomas Fox Budd, 
of \'incentown. 2. Mary, married Marzilla 
Coat, also of Burlington county. 3. William, 
see post. 4. Job, see post. 5. John Stock- 
ton, see post. 

(Ill) General William (2) Irick, .son of 
( ieneral William (i) and IMargaret ( Stock- 
t(in I Irick, was born on the Irick homestead, 
near \incentovvn, Burlington county, New Jer- 
sey, December 20, 1799, died August 17, 1864. 
He followed in the footsteps of his father as 
a surveyor and business man, and always lived 
in X'incentown. He also was honored by his 
fellow townsmen with many public offices, and 
was the last member of the old council of New 
Jersey from Burlington county under the con- 
tinental constitution. His acts of charity and 
benevolence were unbounded, and he always 
was ready to lend a helping hand to his neigh- 
bor. He was a man of fine stature, standing 
full six feet tall, weighing two hundred and 
twenty-five pounds, energetic and painstaking 
in all of his business transactions. He took 
great interest in military afifairs, and he and 
liis staff were a soldierly looking body of men. 
In his magisterial capacity of justice of the 
peace he married many of the very first people 
of his and the adjoining counties. At the out- 
break of the civil war, notwithstanding his 
physical infirmities, General Irick tendered his 
services to Governor Olden, but under a re- 
organization of the state militia about that 
time he was legislated out of his military ofifice. 
lie did the next best thing, however, in aiding 
the government by pledging his ample fortune 
through Jay Cooke & Company in support of 
the union cause. General Irick married 
( first ) Sarah, daughter of Amos and Lydia 
Heulings, of Evesham township, Burlington 
county. She died in 1852, and he married 
(second) Mrs. Sarah Eayre. He had five 
children — all daughters — by the first wife, and 
one child by his second wife; I, Lydia H., mar- 
ried Franklin Hilliard, of Burlington county. 

2. Margaret, married David B. Peacock, of 
Philadeli)hia. 3-4. Eliza .Ann and Mary Ann, 
twins; Eliza .Ann died in early womanhood; 
Mary married llenjamin F. Champion, of 
Camden county. 5. Cornelia, married John 
W. lirown, Es(|., of Burlington county. 6, 
William John, now president of the I'irst .\'a- 
tional Bank of \'incentown, and whose home 

is near the paternal home in Southampton 

(HI) Jolj, second son of General William 
I I ) and Margaret (Stockton) Irick, was a 
land surveyor and successful farmer, but he 
died early in August, 1839, at the age of thirty- 
seven years. He married Matilda Burr, and 
lived and died in Southampton township. He 
had one son, William H. Irick ( father of Mary 
Irick Drexel), and two daughters, both of 
whom married and lived in Philadelphia. 

(HI) General John Stockton, third son 
of General William (i) and Margaret 
( Stockton ) Irick, was born on the old home- 
stead in Southampton township, August 4. 
181 1, died .\ugust 4, 1894. In May, 1832. he 
married and being so nearly of age at that 
time, his brothers, William and Job, executors 
of his father's will, permitted him to occupy 
his inheritance at once, and took him into 
]jartnershi]) in working off and marketing the 
timber growing on the broad acres devised to 
them jointly. Both he and his wife having a 
handsome landed estate, their way in the world 
was successful from the beginning, until along 
in the fifties, when he joined with nine other 
men in the iron foundry business at Lumber- 
ton, as partners, without being incorporated, 
each member being personally responsible for 
all its obligations, and trusting to the manage- 
ment of two of the partners, at the end of a 
very few years the concern became heavily in- 
volved, and he realized the fact that he was 
held responsible for $250,000, all that he was 
worth at that time. But with the same energy 
that always characterized his actions, he took 
hold of the concern, came to the aid of the 
bankrujit cities, built their gas and water 
works and financed them, and soon paid off 
the indebtedness and saved a handsome profit 
while the others stood off without offering any 
material aid. The war of the rebellion broke 
out at about this time, and under the reor- 
ganization of the state militia he, with three 
others, was appointed by Governor Olden to 
organize and command it, with the rank of 
major-general, i'pon the election of Gov- 
ernor Parker, he was contimied and gave his 
time and services throughout the war. He, 
like his brother William, tendered through Jay 
Cooke his fortune in defence of the L'nion, He 
was a luember of the New Jersey house of 
assembly, 1847-48-49, and never lost his in- 
terest in ])ublic affairs, always taking an active 
part in politics as an ardent W hig and Repub- 
lican. His only other public office was that 




of freeholder, serving as director of the board 
(hiring his three years' term. It was largely 
through his efforts that the first railroads in 
r.iirliiigton county were built and he was a 
director in all of them. He also was instru- 
mental in organizing the First National Bank 
of \'incentown, being its president until his 
death, when William John Irick succeeded 
him. He died August 4, 1894, ui)on his 
eighty-third birthday, leaving a large circle of 
ac(|uaintances and friends. General Irick mar- 
ried. May 17, 1832, Emeline S. Bishop, a 
Quakeress, daughter of Japheth and Rachel 
I'.isho]). She was born in Vincentown in 1814, 
died April 2, 1895; children: i. Henry J., 
see ])ost. 2. Rachel B., September 9, 1835 ; 
married Charles Sailer. 3. Samuel S., August 
30, 1838; married Susan Butterworth. 4. 
Margaret A., January i, 1841 ; married Henry 
B. Burr. 5. Job, August 8, 1844: died young. 
6. John B., see post. 7. Emeline, 1848; died 
young. 8. Robert H.,June 30, 1851 ; died young. 

(I\') Henry Japheth, son of Lieneral John 
Stockton and Emeline S. (Bishop) Irick, was 
born in \'incentown. New Jersey, March 13, 
1833, and received his education in the public 
schools in his home town, in Norristown Semi- 
nary, under Samuel Aaron, and at Willis Acad- 
emy, Freehold, New Jersey. After marriage 
he lived for about seven years on a farm owned 
by his father, located between Mt. Holly and 
Burlington, and then returned to the old home- 
stead at Vincentown, where his father had 
lived for sixty years, and where he himself 
has now lived for more than thirty-five years. 
Following in the footsteps of his grandfather, 
he has been actively engaged in fanning and 
surveying, and is highly regarded as one of 
the prominent general business men of his 
section of the state. 

From early young manhood he took an 
active interest in politics. He attended the 
first Republican convention in New Jersey, 
which nominated Dr. William A. Newell for 
governor, in 1856. He has been called to vari- 
ous public positions of honor and trust. He 
was made justice of the peace when twenty- 
one years old; was elected member of the 
house of assembly in 1862, and served three 
years; was elected state senator in 1871. While 
in the legislature he was chairman of the joint 
committee for the reorganization of the legis- 
lative bodies of the state ; member of the com- 
mittee on educational affairs ; chairman of the 
committee on engrossed bills ; and lay member 
of the judiciary committee. He also was ap- 
pointed by Governor Stokes to membership 

on the state board of ecjualization of taxes, and 
still serves in that capacity. Soon after his 
appointment to this position, he was tendered 
the appointment of stone road commissioner 
of New Jersey, in 1908, also in 1909 he was 
tendered by Governor Fort the appointment of 
a lay judge of the court of errors and appeals, 
the highest court in New Jersey, and the high- 
est honor to be given by the governor. How- 
ever, he was compelled to decline both appoint- 
ments on account of age. besides being already 
a member of the state board of equalization of 
taxes, he felt it his duty to fill out his term, in 
justice to the agricultural interests of the state, 
through which influence he was appointed to 
the position. Previous to his appointment to 
the state board of taxation, Mr. Irick was a 
director of the several companies in which his 
father had been similarly interested, but these 
connections he severed be fore becoming a mem- 
ber of the equalization board. He was presi- 
dent of the Burlington City Loan and Trust 
Company for nearly two years. For more than 
half a century he has been a member of Cen- 
tral Lodge, No. 44, Free and Accepted Masons, 
and past master for forty-eight years ; and is 
also a member of Union League, Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania. He is a member of Mt. Holly 
Lodge, No. 848, B. P. O. E., and although 
brought up under the influences of the Society 
of Friends he attends services of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church. 

In 1862 Mr. Irick married Harriet R., daugh- 
ter of Samuel E. and Hannah ( Roberts) Clem- 
ent. Children: i. H. Clementine, born Feb- 
ruary 24, .1863. 2. Anne H., June 21, 1865; 
married William J. Irick, banker of Vin- 
centown. 3. John Ellis, December 9, 1867; 
graduate of Rutgers College. 

( I\" ) John Bishop, son of General John 
St'!ckt(in and Emeline S. (Bishop) Irick, was 
burn at \incentown, November 28. 1845, and 
received his education in academic schools at 
Burlington and Lawrenceville. He began busi- 
ness life on his father's farm, and carried it on 
about five years, then for twenty-eight years 
was proprietor of a gristmill, and now is en- 
gaged in a general lumber business. For four- 
teen years he was tax collector of Burlington, 
and in 1905 was elected member of the New 
Jersey house of assembly and has been re- 
elected at the end of each successive term. 
Since 1871 he has been a director of the bank 
in X'incentown. He holds membership in Mt. 
Holly Lodge of Elks, No. 848, has been a 
vestryman of the Protestant Episcopal church 
for thirty years, and is a lifelong Republican. 



Mr. Irick married. September 13, 1871, 
Clara Moore, of Philadelphia, daughter of 
Carlton R. and Mary (McClure) Moore; chil- 
dren: I. \'incent, born June 12, 1872; grad- 
uated frnni Rutgers College in 1898. and is now 
engaged in mercantile business in New York 
City : married Blanche Van Alstyne, of 
Kinderhook, New York. 2. Carlton, May 5, 
1877. 3. Hector Tyndall, November 31, 1883; 
graduate of Philadelphia Dental College. 

Jonathan Hamilton Kelsey, at- 
KICLSE^' torney at law, resident of Pem- 
berton, New Jersey, descends 
from an old New England family that early 
settled in the state of Vermont. His great- 
grandfather. Jonathan Kelsey, was born in 
North Danville. \'ermont : married, and had 

(1) Robert Lee, son of Jonathan Kelsey, 
was born in North Danville, Vermont. He 
was a fanner, and an influential man in his 
community. He was a Democrat, very active 
in politics and held many public offices of 
honor and trust. He was four times married, 
and had the following issue : Hiram, Ichabod, 
Jonathan 1'.. see forward, Harvey, and Betsey, 
who is living in Springfield, Massachusetts, at 
a very advanced age. 

(H) Jonathan B., son of Robert Lee Kelsey, 
was born in North Danville, Vermont, in De- 
cember, 1827, and died April 2, 1903. He was 
educated in the schools of his native town and 
at .St. Johnsbury, \'ermont. When a young 
man he was in Cincinnati, Ohio, and for a short 
time pursued the study of medicine, a pro- 
fession, however, which he never fuUv (luali- 
fied himself to enter. Later he located in 
Arkansas and invested largely in farm prop- 
erty. He had a large plantation at Poco- 
hontas, .Arkansas, on the Black river, operated 
with slave labor vviiich he owned before the 
war. He became interested in the study of 
law and served as clerk of court in Randolph 
county, -Arkansas. .At one time he was a 
Mississip])i and Ohio river pilot, running be- 
tween New Orleans and Cincinnati. He ac- 
<|uired an interest in river steamboats and 
piloted hi-^ own boats. ( )wing to the reverses 
caused by the war .ind the unsettled condition, 
Mr. Kelsey abandoned the south as a resi- 
dence, and about the year 1876 located in Cam- 
den. New Jersey. He engaged in the insur- 
ance business and was general agent for the 
Lancastershire Insurance Company of Eng- 
land. He maintained his business office in 
Philadelphia. In 1880 he settled in Pembcr- 

ton. New Jersey, which was his home until 
his death, excejiting three years temporary ab- 
sence as proprietor of a hotel in Atlantic City. 
In Pemberton he continued in the msurance 
business. He became identified with the New- 
ark board of underwriters and acted as their 
secretary for fifteen years. Air. Kelsey pur- 
chased a large farm at Pemberton, and became 
a breeder of fancy cattle, in which he took a 
deep delight. He imported fancy Jerseys and 
other blooded animals for the improvement of 
his herds. He remained in active business life 
to .within a short time previous to his death. 
Mr. Kelsey was a Democrat in politics. He 
was a member of the board of tax revision, 
and at the taking of the census, in which he 
assisted, Air. Kelsey inaugurated methods that 
proved acceptable and are now in use. He 
affiliated with the Alasonic fraternity, and was 
past master of Central Lodge, No. 44, Free 
and Accepted Alasons, of Vincentown, New 
Jersey. In the Scottish Rite he has attained 
the th!rty-.second degree. 

Jonathan B. Kelsey married (first) Helen 
Hamilton, of Rising Sun, Ohio. She bore 
him seven children, five of whom were carried 
oti by an epidemic of yellow fever. The two who 
survived were Minnie Blanche and X'irginia 
Helen Kelsey. Air. Kelsey married (second) 
Laura X'irginia Hamilton, sister of his first 
wife. She survives him and resides on the 
farm at Pemberton. Albert Hamilton, father 
of his two wives, was a merchant of Rising 
Sun. Ohio. He married, and had five chil- 
dren : Alary, married Samuel F. Covington, 
whose ancestors founded Covington, Kentucky ; 
.\lbcrt; Helen, Airs. J. B. Kelsey (first'): 
Laura \'irginia. Mrs. J. 11. Kelsey (second), 
and luiinia Hamilton. 

The children of Jonathan B. and Laura \ ir- 
ginia (Hamilton) Kelsey are two who died in 
infancy, Robert Lee, Judith. Jonathan H., see 
forward ; Harriet (Airs. John C. .Altar, of Alil- 
ford, Delaware). Mary .Alberta, Clara Edith, 
a teacher in the Pemberton high school ; Hiram 
Albert, with the Baldwin Locomotive Works 
in Philadel])hia, and Ellwood IL, who manages 
the home farm for his mother. 

(Mil Jniiathan llamilton, son of Jonathan 
15. and l.aur;i \". i llamilton) Kelsey, was born 
in Davenport. Iowa, May 19, 1873. ^^^ came 
to New Jersey when a child with his parents. 
He was educated in the Pemberton schools 
and under the special instruction of Professor 
(ieorge .Shepherd. He had determined on the 
legal profession, and registered as a law student 
in the office of Samuel K. Robbins, a noted 



lawyer of Aloorestown and Camden. New- 
Jersey. He remained with Lawyer Robbins 
three years. He was then in the law office of 
William A. Slaug-hter, of Alt. Holly, New 
Jersey, for the next two years. Mr. Kelsey 
was admitted to the Burlington county bar at 
the June term of court in 1903. He at once 
opened offices for the practice of his profession 
in Mt. Holly and Pemberton. In addition to his 
legal business he is a member of the real estate 
and insurance firm of Kelsey & Killie, of Mt. 
Holly. New Jersey. Mr. Kelsey has the super- 
vision of his brother's large estate as well as 
other trusts and properties. He was an incor- 
porator of the Peoples' National Bank of Pem- 
berton, and serves on the board of directors 
and as attorney for the bank ; this bank was in- 
corporated in igof) with Theodore Budd. presi- 
dent ; Clifford E. Budd, vice-president, and 
Wilson D. Hunt, cashier. ]\Ir. Kelsey is a 
Democrat and for five years served Pemberton 
township as justice of the peace, was re-elected 
but declined to serve ; he is a member of the 
board of councilmen for the borough of Pem- 
berton. He is a member of the (jrange, and of 
Company, No. 49, Patriotic Order Sons of 
.America. He is an attendant of the Baptist 

Jonathan H. Kelsey married, .\ugiist 13, 
1004, Rebecca Maud Antrim, of Juliustown, 
daughter of Benjamin and Lydia Antrim, 
granddaughter of Isaac .Antrim, who was a 
descendant of Lord Antrim and settled on a 
grant of land near Jobstown. New Jersey, that 
has never been out of the famil^-'s possession. 
Mr. and Mrs. Kelsey have one child, Virginia 
.Antrim, born at Pemberton, New Jersey, Sep- 
tember 7. 1906. 

The name is a very common 
POWELL oue in the Colonial history of 
New Jersey, and in fact there 
are few that a're more so. It is probable that 
many of these tiave sprung from the same 
source before coming hither, but nothing can 
be found now to establish the family connec- 
tion founded on the name. Those bearing it 
have been prudent, industrious, of good repute, 
and are still contributing their proportion in 
the moral and physical development of the 

( I ) .Among the passengers on the ship 
"Kent." that brought the first settlement of 
the English colony to Burlington, were Robert 
Powell and his wife Prudence, and their two 
sons, Robert and John, the latter an infant. 
They came from London, but a tradition has 

come down through separate branches of the 
family that they originally came from \\ ales. 
.Shortly after their arrival here was born to 
them a daughter Elizabeth. These are all that 
are known. The local record reads: "Eliza- 
beth Powel, daughter of Robert and Prudence 
Powel, was Borne in Burlington the 7th Sea- 
venth month, 1677, latte of London, chandler, 
witnesses then p'sent Ellen Harding, Alary 
t>ips, .Anne Peachee." This is the first rec- 
orded birth in the colony. In another record, 
showing the deed from Thomas Clide to Rob- 
ert Powell, the latter is styled clothier. His 
naine is connected with several real estate 
transactions. In 1681 one hundred acres were 
surveyed for him along Mule Creek ( \\'illing- 
ton township), and in 1693 two hundred acres 
in the fork of the Racocus. Robert Powell 
was one of the "stalwarts" among the Quakers 
in the Colony, his name appearing as one of 
the signers of the declaration against George 
Keith. He was also one of the signers of an 
epistle sent by Burlington Monthly Meeting 
to London Yearly Meeting, dated 12, 7 month, 
1680, the first official communication received 
by the London Yearly Meeting from a meet- 
ing in America. There is no will of record, 
but it is certain that he died prior to January 
13, 1694, as a deed given by his sons on that 
date shows. His wife died before him and 
according to the record was "layd in ye ground 
ye loth of ye 4 month, 1678." In this record 
Robert Powell and wife are recorded "late of 
Alartin, Legrand, London." The elder son 
married Alary Perkins in 1696 and died in 

(II) John, younger son of Robert and Pru- 
dence Powell, was born 1676 and his name ap- 
pears in the census of Northampton township, 
in 1709. He died in 17 1 5-1 6. He was mar- 
ried at Burlington Alonthly Meeting, 12 month, 
23 day, 1698, to Elizabeth Parker, born 1676, 
daughter of George and Sarah Parker. She 
survived him and was married in 1720 to Rich- 
ard Brown. In her will, her father, George 
Parker, is referred to as of "East Jersey." 
John Powell's children: i. John, mentioned 
below. 2. Sarah, born 1701. 3. Rebecca, 1703: 
married (first) Christopher Scattergood, and 
(second) an .Aaronson. 4. Elizabeth, 1705. 
5. Isaac, December 21, 1706; married Eliza- 
beth Perdue or Purdy, died about 1773. 6. 
Prudence, married Roland Owen, in 1738. 7. 
lacob. 8. Robert. 9. Samuel. 

(III) John (2), eldest child of John (i) 
and Elizabeth ( Parker ) Powell, was born 1700 
and settled on a plantation at or near Wood- 



pecker Lane, near Mt. Holly, where his grand- 
son. Joseph F'owell, lived in 1818. He was 
married, in 1725, at Burlington Monthly Meet- 
ing, to Virgin Crips, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Grace ( W'hitten ) Crips. The last named 
were married January 9, 1694. Tradition says 
that Nathaniel was a brother of John Crips, 
mentioned in Smith's "History of New Jersey," 
but it seems more probable that he was his son. 
They lived near where Mt. Holly now is and 
on the northeast side of the mount. The 
Friends' graveyard, denominated in 1818 the 
old graveyard, was a part of their land, and the 
mount was then called "Crips Mount" because 
of this ownership. Children of John (2) 
Powell: I. Jacob, married an Atkinson. 2. 
Christopher, married Sarah Gaskill. 3. Jolui, 
married Deborah Harbour. 4. Joseph, men- 
tioned below. 5. Elizabeth, married William 
Jones. 6. Grace, married Joseph Gaskill. 7. 
.Sarah, married Thomas Rogers. 

( 1\ ) Joseph, fourth son of John (2) and 
\ irgin ( Crips ) Powell, was born September 
20, 1739: died April 18, 1805. He probably re- 
sided in Northampton township, and engaged 
in farming. He married, November 9, 1765, 
Anne Bishop, born July 12, 1744; died July 
12, 1805. Children: i. \'irgin, September 27, 
1766; married Joshua Wills. 2. Rebecca. 3. 
Atlantic, .August 5, 1773: died September 30, 
1825. 4. Japhet Bishop, September 18. 1780. 
5. Josc]5h, mentioned below. 6. Hannah, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1788; died July 24, 1814. 

( \ ) Jose()h ( 2) , younger son of Joseph ( i ) 
and .\nne (Biishop) Powell, was born ^lay 7, 
1783. and lived in that part of Northampton 
township which is now East Hampton. He 
was a farmer by occupation, and died at the 
age of thirty-six years. He married Mary 
P>atcher and they were the parents of a daugh- 
ter and a son. Ami 1'.. and Benajah. The 
former became the wife of James Gardiner 
and resided on the homestead in Easthampton. 
The family belonged to the Society of Friends. 
.After the death of Joseph Powell, his widow 
married Isaac Fennimore, and died at the age 
of about si.\ty-two years. 

(\"I) Pienajah, only son of Joseph (2) 
and .Mary ( Hatcher) Powell, was born in .No- 
vember, 1812, in East Hampton, died May 3, 
1872. He resided in a part of the parental 
mansion and engaged in general farming. He 
was a Friend, an adherent of the Whig party 
during its existence and an earnest Republican 
from the inception of the party. He served 
nine years as town collector and held that posi- 
tion at the time of his death. He married 

Martha Ann l-'ennimore, who was born in 
Medford, .New Jersey, a daughter of Isaac and 
Martha (Moore) Fennimore. Of their eight 
children, si.x grew to maturity: i. IMary, 
widow of Zebedee R. Wills., and resides in 
Northampton township. 2. Joseph, mentioned 
below. 3. Isaac, was a farmer in Lumberton 
township; died in Philadelphia. 4. Allen F., 
a farmer, residing in East Flampton. 5. Mar- 
tha, resides in Lumberton. 6. Annie, died 
while the wife of D. Budd Coles, of Lumber- 

(\'n) Joseph (3), eldest son of Benajah 
and Martha .\nn (Fennimore) Powell, was 
born .\pril 24, 1843, in Northampton, and 
was educated at \\'illis Institute, Freehold, 
New Jersey. .At the age of twenty years 
he left school and engaged in agricul- 
ture on the farm of his grandfather, 
Lsaac F"ennimore, in Medford. and this farm 
he now owns and rents. He has always been 
an earnest supporter of the Republican party 
and has ben called to a position oi much re- 
sponsibility. After serving some time as col- 
lector of his home town, he was elected county 
collector in 1 88 1, and has continually filled 
this office since by repeated re-elections. He is 
unmarried and makes his home with his 
brother-in-law, Mr. Coles, in Lumberton. He 
attends and supports the worship of the 
I-'riends' Society. He is a charter member of 
Mt. Holly Lodge, No. 848. lienevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. He is a director of 
the Mount Holly National Bank and president 
of the Peoples' Building and Loan .Association 
of Mt. Holly. Mr. Powell partakes of the 
characteristics which have distinguished the 
Friends of New Jersey and enjoys the respect 
and esteem of the entire county. His integ- 
rity and business ability are attested by his 
long service in the office of county collector. 

.According to well established 
\\'()RI\ELL records the Worrells are an 
old and liighly respected 
family of P.urlington county, but by reason of 
the lamentable absence of information concern- 
ing some of the earlier generations of the 
family the names of tlie immediate and more 
remote ancestors of James Worrell are un- 

( I I James Worrell, the earliest ancestor of 
the family of whom there appears to be any 
definite account, is said to have been born in 
\ incentown, Southampton township, Burling- 
ton county, probably about the year 1785, al- 
though the exact period of his life is not 



known. His wife was Elizabeth (Taylor) 
Worrell, and their children were James T., 
Isaiah S.. John H. and Lavinia. 

( H) James T., son of James and Elizabeth 
(')'aylor) Worrell, was born at Vincentown, 
Burlington county, in 1815, and died at the 
home of his son in j\It. Holly, in October. 
1907. He was a farmer by occupation, and 
during his active career lived on the same 
farm, continuing his residence there until 
within a few years of the time of his death. 
Mr. Worrell was a thrifty and fairly success- 
ful farmer, a man somewhat active in public 
affairs in the township, serving for some time 
as member of the board of school trustees. In 
politics he was first a \\ hig and afterward a 
Republican, and in religious preference a Bap- 
tist church member. His wife was Mary 
(Allen) Worrell, who was born in 1832 and 
died in February, 1904. Children: i. Ed- 
ward A., a farmer of \ incentown, who died 
aged lifty-tw-o years. 2. Samuel AL, a farmer 
living at Mncentown. 3. George W., car- 
l)enter, of Vincentown. 4. James S., farmer, 
of \'incentown. 5. Lydia, married and lives 
in Philadelphia. 6. Lavinia, married Walter 
Anderson and lives in Mt. Holly. 7. Henry 
I., farmer, of Southampton township. 8. Job 
I., farmer of \'incentown. 9. \\'illiam Walter, 
see post. 10. Charles S., lives at Mncentown. 

( III ) William Walter, son of James T. and 
Mary (.A.llen) Worrell, was born in South- 
ampton township, Burlington county, in 1862, 
and received his education in public schools at 
Butldtown and Mncentown and in a private 
school in Vincentown of which John G. Her- 
bert was then the master. When about nine- 
teen years old he went to work as clerk in a 
large general store at Marlton owned by H. 
& J. M. lirink, and remained in the employ of 
that firm during the next twelve years. In 
1898 he became proprietor of a wholesale 
tobacco business at Mt. Holly and since that 
time has been counted among the substantial 
business men of that city. Besides being a 
prominent business man for many years, Mr. 
Worrell also has been something of a public 
man, and is counted among the foremost Re- 
l)uhlicans of Burlington county. From 1893 
to 1898 he w-as clerk of Burlington county. 
In 1902 he was appointed auditor by the board 
of chosen freeholders to fill an unexpired term, 
and in 1903 he was nominated for and elected 
to the same office, serving until the general 
election in November, 1908, when he was 
elected high sherifT of the county. This office 
he now holds. Mr. Worrell is president of 

the South Jersey Tobacco Company; member 
of the Junior Order of American Mechanics, 
having passed the several chairs ; member of 
Mt. Holly Lodge, No. 14, F. and A. M. ; Mt. 
Holly Lodge of Elks, No. 848; and member 
and trustee of the Baptist church. 

In 1880 Mr. Worrell married Lizzie M., 
daughter of John and Edith (Haines) Chris- 
tian, of Marlton. Children: i. John Harold, 
born Marlton, January 22, 1882. 2. Russell 
E., bom Mt. Holly, 1884; died December 7, 
1907. 3. Albert C, born Mt. Holly, February 
22. 1896. 4. William E., born Mt. Holly, July 
18. 1905. 

The surname Melcher is said 
MELCHER to be of ancient Hebrew 
origin, and indicates a long 
line of ancestors. The meaning of the word 
is said to be "the king," "the kingly one," or 
"the royal one." The true spelling of the name 
is Melchoir. It is a comon name in Switzer- 
land and in Germany. It is not known who 
was the immigrant ancestor of the Melcher 
families in New England, and Savage gives 
us an account of Edward Melcher, who was in 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, as early as 1684, 
and died there in 1695. 

However, the Alelchers of the particular 
family here treated are believed to have come 
to this country from Wales, and while the 
year of immigration is not definitely known, 
it is certain that the progenitor of the family 
here under consideration was in Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, as early as 1666, and Edward 
Melcher was among those "that subscribed in 
the years 1658 and 1666 to the maintenance of 
ye Minister." They located at Portsmouth 
and later went to the garrison house in Sea- 
brook. They took up their farm from the 
wilderness and wdiile clearing it returned to 
the garrison house at night. On one occasion 
Mrs. Melcher, being desirous of seeing the 
farm, walked up alone through the woods to 
gratify her curiosity. At that time the Indians 
were very much feared. One day while Ed- 
ward Melcher was at the farm he left his 
shoes and stockings with his gim in the cabin 
and went out to hoe his peas. Soon afterward 
he saw three Indians enter the cabin, upon, 
which he lay down under the pea-vines until 
thcv had gone away, and on entering the cabin 
he found that his gun and other effects were 
undisturbed, probably having been overlooked 
by the intruders who sought only Mr. Melcher 
himself. After the family had moved out to 
the farm Mrs. Melcher was one dav alone in 



the huuse and saw three ImHans approach the 
door, whicli ha]ipened to be fastened. She 
promj)tly greeted them with a bucket of boil- 
ing water from an upper window and caused 
their hasty retreat from the premises. 

Samuel Melcher, doubtless a son of Edward 
Melcher, married, May i6, 1700, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Ijeiijamin Crane. He died in 1754, 
aged eighty-seven, hence was born about 1667. 
His wife died in 1756, aged eighty-six years. 
Their children were John, born August 22, 1703 ; 
Elizabeth, .\ugust lo, 1705, married Ezekiel 
Sanborn ; and Samuel. They may have had 
other children of whom we have no account. 

Samuel Melcher, son of .Samuel and Eliza- 
beth (Crane) Melcher, married, in 1735, 
Esther, daughter of Benjamin Green. He 
died in 1802, aged ninety-four years, and his 
wife Esther died in 1797, aged eighty-seven 
years. Their children w-ere Samuel, Jonathan, 
John, Edward, Hannah, Elizabeth, lienjamin 
and Esther. 

Samuel Melcher, son of Samuel and Esther 
(Green) Melcher, married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Jonathan Hilliard. He died in 1823, aged 
eighty-six years, and his wife died in 1826, 
aged eighty- four years. They had two sons, 
Levi and Joseph. Levi married Hannah, 
daughter of Caleb Tilton, and was a merchant 
in I'oston. Joseph lived on the homestead and 
was always mentioned as Judge Melcher. He 
married Polly Rowell, and died in 1858, aged 
eighty-nine years. 

There is very little doubt of the close rela- 
tionship of the Melchers referred to in pre- 
ceding paragraphs and those of the province 
of Maine, with whom our present narrativ.e 
must begin, for w^e only know that two 
brothers, .Samuel and Joseph Melcher, settled 
in IJrunswick. Maine, about the year 1757, and 
were progenitors of the families of their sur- 
name in that region. Samuel settled at New 
Meadows, and in 1767 built the house in wdnich 
Deacon James .Smith was living a (|uarter of a 
century ago. I le died .March 3. 1834. aged ninety 
years, hence was born about 1744. He mar- 
ried Isabella, daughter of Judge Aaron Hinck- 
ley. She died August 17, 1832, in her eighty- 
sixth year. Their children were : i Reliance, 
born Xovember 15, 1768, died November 29, 
1804. 2. Mary, .-Vugust 5, 1771. 3. Aaron, 
I'ebruary 23, 1773. 4. Samuel, May 8, 1775, 
died March 3. 1862. 5. Elizabeth,' May 13, 
1777. (x r,ois, July 2, 1780. 7. Rebecca, 
^L^^ch 6, 1783. 8. John. May 19, 1785. 9. 
Noah, May 30, 1788, died young. 10. Rachel, 
February 23, 1793. 

(I) Joseph Melcher, brother of Samuel 
Melcher wbo is mentioned in the preceding 
paragraph, settled at Bunganock, on the farm 
where Jedidiah Mariner dwelt in 1878, He 
was a "housewright,'" or carpenter by trade, 
and died -April 21, 1 82 1, aged nearly eighty-six 
years, hence was born about 1736. He mar- 
ried, in 1757, Mary Cobb, of Gorhamtown, 
who died May 18, 1825, in her eighty-seventh 
year. They had a large family of fourteen 
children, of whom the history of Brunswick, 
Maine, mentions the names of five: Noah, 
Nathaniel, .-Kbner, Josiah and Samuel. 

( H ) .\bner, son of Joseph and Mary (Cobb) 
Melcher, was born at Oak Hill, near Bruns- 
wick, Maine, and was a farmer by occupation. 
He married Maria Frost, and their children 
were Benjamin, William H., Maria and George. 

(HI) \Mlliam Henry, second son and child 
of .\bner and Maria (Frost) Melcher, was 
born at Brunswick, Maine, May 9, 1824, and 
is still living (1909) at the advanced age of 
eighty-five years. .-Vt the age of twelve years, 
when a boy in school, he showed an aptitude 
for mechanical w^ork and even then began mak- 
ing shoes : and at fourteen years he built a sub- 
stantial sleigh, doing all of the work himself. 
He was hardly more than a boy in years when 
he went to Bath to work in a shipyard and 
there he learned the trade of shipbuilding, 
becoming a competent workman in the course 
of a few years. Later on he began building 
vessels on his own account and followed that 
ocupation for many years. For the last few 
years he has held the position of superintend- 
ent of woodwork for the Bath Iron Works, 
and is still active notwithstanding his years. 
Mr. Melcher is a Republican in politics, a trus- 
tee and consistent member of the Free Will 
Baptist church. In' 1846 he married Sarah 
Jane .Alexander, of Richmond, Maine, and by 
her had three children : F.lla Price, William 
Palmer, Ada Maria. 

( I\' ) William i'almer, only son of William 
Henry and Sarah Jane (.\lexander) Melcher, 
was born in Brunswick, Maine, .A])ril 10, 1849, 
and was a child two years old when his father 
removed with his family to Bath. He fitted 
for college in the Maine State Seminar}' and 
.Nichols Latin School, then entered Bowdoin 
College and was graduated A. B. in 1871. .\fter 
leaving college he turned his attention tem- 
porarily to teaching, then matriculated at the 
medical dejjartment of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, I'hiladelphia, and graduated from 
tiicre with the degree of M. D. in 1876. Dr. 
.Melcher 1)egan his professional career in Cam- 



den and practiced in tliat city until 1879, when 
he renKjved to I'emberton, New Jersey, lived 
tlure until 1882 and then settled permanently 
at Alt. Holly, where in later years he has built 
up a remunerative practice. He is a member 
of the American Medical Association, the New 
Jersey State Medical Society, and the Burling- 
ton County Medical Society. He is a member 
of -Mt. Holly Lodge, No. 848, 13. P. O. E.. ami 
in politics is a Republican. For fifteen years 
he was a member of tlie Mt. Holly board of 

March 13, 1884, Dr. Melcher married Mary, 
daughter of Theodore and Martha (^Snyder J 
Gaskell. (the former a steward of the county 
almshouse at New Lisbon), and has three chil- 
dren: I. Theodora, born March 29, 1886. 2. 
Stanwood Alexander, September 15, 1893. 3 
Charlotte I'atton, June 9, 1896. 

The Sharp family of New Jersey 
SH.-\RP is descended from English ances- 
tors, and previous to the immi- 
gration to America the particular family here 
treated was settled in the parish of St. Ann, 
Limehouse, Aliddlesex. This was the family 
of Francis Sharp, of Oak Lane. William and 
Thomas Sharp, sons of Francis Sharp, came 
with their families to America in the ship 
"Samuel" in 1682, and settled in Evesham 
township in Burlington county, New Jersey. 
The children who came with William and 
Thomas Sharp were John, William and Hugh 
Sharp, whom tradition says were brothers and 
children of William, although tliis relation- 
ship has not been fully established and the 
fact has been assumed by genealogists of the 
family as being in accordance with probabilities 
and with nothing to indicate to the contrary. 
(T) William Sharp, the immigrant, was born 
in England, and on his arrival in this country 
settled in the old township of Evesham, where 
he was a person of considerable consequence, 
although accounts of his life are quite meagre 
so far as the records tend to indicate. Some 
relics, however, of his generation and time 
have been preserved by his descendants, among 
them Bibles, a clock of ancient construction, 
a case of drawers, and a two-gallon bottle; and 
of which with others of less importance are 
said to have been brought over with him in 
1682. The name of his wife does not appear, 
but there came with him the three sons, John, 
William and Hugh, to whom casual reference 
has been made. 

(H) John, presumably the eldest son of 
\\ illiam Sharp, the immigrant, was born in 

luigland and came to this country with his 
father in i()82. He married, 4th month 17th, 

1688, Elizabeth, daughter of John I'aine. Chil- 
dren : I. William, born 1689, see post. 2. 
Elizabeth, 1692. 3. John, 1693 ; married (first) 
Jane Fitchardall, (second) Ann Haines. 4. 
Thomas, 1698; married Elizabeth Smith. 5. 
Hannah, 1700; married Thomas Adams. 6. 
Samuel, 1702; married Elizabeth Haines. 7. 
Sarah, 1705. 

( III ) William (2), son of John and Eliza- 
beth (I'aine) Sharp, was born 10th month 2d, 

1689, and married (first) 1716, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Francis and Alary (Borton) Austin. 
Francis Austin was progenitor of the family 
of his surname in New Jersey, and his wife, 
Alary Borton, was daughter of John and Ann 
Borton, progenitors of the Borton family of 
New Jersey. William Sharp married (sec- 
ond) Hannah . Children: i. Rebecca, 

born 1719; married Solomon Haines. 2. Han- 
nah, 1721 ; married Jonathan Haines. 3. Hugh, 
1724, see post. 4. Esther, 1727; married Job 
Haines. 5. William, 1730; married Mary 
Haines. 6. Sarah, 1735; married Barzilla 
Prickitt. 7. Samuel, 1737. 8. Jane, 1739; mar- 
ried Robert Engle. 9. Child, 1741 ; died in 
infancy. 10. Isaac, 1744; died young. 11. 
Josiah, 1748. 12. Elizabeth, 1751. 

(I\') Hugh, son of William (2) and Alary 
(Austin) Sharp, was born nth month, 15th, 

1724. He married (first) Sabillah , 

who died having borne him three children ; 
married (second) Ann, daughter of Alark and 
Anna (Hancock) Stratton. Children: i. 
Sabillah, born 1755. 2. Hannah, 1757. 3. 
Thomas, 1759. 4. Job, 1761. 5. William, see 

(V) William (3), son of Hugh and Ann 
(Stratton) Sharp, was born 3d month loth, 
1770. and married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Thomas and Elizabeth (Zane) Rakestraw. 
Thomas Rakestraw was a son of Thomas 
Rakestraw and grandson of Thomas Rake- 
straw, whose wife was Mary, daughter of 
Thomas Wilkinson. Children: i. Eli, mar- 
ried Catherine Sinnickson. 2. Franklin, mar- 
ried Eliza Braddock. 3. William, see post. 4. 
Isaac, married Hannah Engle. 5. Charles. 6. 
Alaria, married Benjamin \\"ilkins. 7. Eliza- 
beth, married Japheth Bowker. 8. Amanda, 

married Morford. 9. Susan, married 

Wesley Evans. 

(\T) W'illiam (4), son of William (3) and 
Elizabeth (Rakestraw) Sharp, was born in 
Aledford, New Jersey, in 1796, died there in 
1844. He was a man of education and judg- 



nieiit, a careful and constant reader, and while 
in business life was a contractor and builder, 
always retaining his early love of books and 
good reading. L'ntil he was si.xty-hve years 
old he continued to live on his farm and then 
moved to Medford village. He married 
Jemima, daughter of Darnell and Sarah 
(Rogers) IJraddock. Children: i. Fredinand 
F., married Lydia Thomas. 2. Hugh, mar- 
ried Jane Ann Sharp. 3. Benjamin, married 
.\deline Garwood. 4. Jemima, married Edwin 
Crispin. 5. .Abbie, married Edward Darnell. 
6. Jervis, married Sarah A. R. Githens. 7. 
.Andrew, married Lydia S. Darnell. 8. Lewis 
L., see post. 9. Henry, married .-^nnie Wil- 
kins. 10. Edward, married Rebecca .Stilwell 

(VH) Dr. Lewis L., son of William (4) 
and Jemima (Braddock) Sharp, was born in 
Medford, New Jersey, November i, 1841, and 
after receiving a good elementary education in 
public schools in Aledford and Moorestown, 
he entered the medical department of the Llni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, graduating with the 
degree of M. D. in 1864. After graduation 
he began his professional career in Medford 
and has since been engaged in active general 
practice. He is a member of the American 
Medical Association, the New Jersey State 
Medical Society, the Burlington County Medi- 
cal Society and has served as president of the 
Burlington Comity District Aledical .Associa- 
tion. He is a .Master Mason, a Republican in 
politics and in 1890-91 was a member of the 
New Jersey house of assembly. 

July 12. 1904, Dr. Sharp married, Mrs. Re- 
becca Stilwell Bailey Sharp, widow of Edward 
Sharp, Dr. .Sharp's brother. By her former 
marriage Mrs. Shar]) had one daughter, Flor- 
ence ]>roomell Sharp, born July 25, 1885, died 
January 17, 1900. 

Tlie ancestor of the 
W'AIXWRIGITT W'ainwright families in 

this country was a 
^'orkshire I'.ngli.shman, i)y birth and parentage, 
and who as an officer of the British navy was 
sent to B>crmuda, West Indies, as commandant 
of the British naval station there. He is said 
to have had three sons who came to America 
and settled, one in New York city, one in 
T'hiladclphia. and one at llalifa.x. Nova Scotia. 
B)ishi)]) Wainwright, of New York, came of 
the son who settled in that city, and the family 
purposed to be treated in this place comes of 
the son wdio located in 1 Philadelphia. But, 
indeed, of this son the historical and gene- 

alogical references give us no account what- 
ever, and we only know that Jonathan Wain- 
wright, a Hicksite Quaker, was among the 
descendants of that one of the three immigrant 
brothers who settled in Philadelphia. 

( I ) Jonathan Wainwright was born in Phil- 
adelphia in 1795 and died in that city in 1870. 
He was a manufacturer of pully blocks and 
also carried on a business of dealing in lumber, 
and it is evident that he was a man of consider- 
able consequence in the business life of the 
city and at one time was president of the Kens- 
ington Bank. He married Susan, daughter of 
( ieorge and Martha ( Hollingshead ) Eyre, 
granddaughter of Jehu E\-re and great-grand- 
daughter of George Eyre, who came over to 
.\merica with Penn's colony. Children: i. 
Matilda, now dead; married Han.son Withers, 
of Philadelphia. 2. Susan, now dead; married 
Henry L. Tripler. 3. Isaac Harrison, now 
dead. 4. Richard S.^ now dead. 5. Jonathan 
E., see post. 6. Charles B., of Camden, New 
Jersey. 7. Chandler Price, of Philadelphia. 

(H) Jonathan Eyre, son of Jonathan and 
.Susan (Eyre) Wainwright, was bom in the 
city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and died 
at Norristown, I'ennsylvania. He was reared 
under the influence of the Society of Friends 
and received his early education in Friends' 
schools and also in the township public schools. 
.•\ fter leaving school he became connected with 
the house of Cope Shipping Company and in 
1849 was sent to California. On his return to 
the east he became interested with his father 
in the lumber business and continued it after 
the death of his ])arent. Mr. W'ainwright 
was a Mason, member of Harmony Lodge, 
1". and A. AL, of Philadelphia, an Episcopalian 
in religious preference and a Republican in 
p<ilitics. He married Elizabeth Lynn Tripler, 
of Philadelphia, born January, 1829, and still 
living. Children: i. Jacob T., of Chicago, 
metallurgical engineer in iron and steel con- 
struction. 2. Isaac Harrison, see post. 

(Ill) Isaac Harrison, younger son of Jon- 
athan lure and Elizabeth Lynn (Tripler) 
Wainwright, was born in the city of Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, January 6, 1856, graduated 
from the University of IVnnsylvania in 1875, 
and immediately found emjiloyment as rod- 
man in the engineering de])artment of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company. He was 
stationed first at .Altoona, and since that time 
has been engaged in the company's service in 
various parts of southern and central Pennsyl- 
vania and southern New Jersey ; and from the 
[Kjsition of rodman he has advanced through 



grades of promotion to that of supervisor in 
charge of a part of the Arnboy division, with 
offices in Mt. Holly. Mr. Wainwright has been 
continuously in the service of the company for 
more than thirty-five years. He holds member- 
ship in Perry Lodge, No. 458, F. and A. M., 
of Marysville, Pennsylvania; Newport Chap- 
ter, No. 238, R. A. M., of Newport, Pennsyl- 
vania ; \'an Hook Council^ R. and S. M. ; 
Cyrene Commandery, No. 7, K. T., of Cam- 
den ; also the various bodies of Scottish Rite 
and the Mystic Shrine. 

In 1881 Mr. Wainwright married Sally B. 
Pennell, of Duncannon, Pennsylvania, daugh- 
ter of John and Catherine (Keyser) Pennell, 
and a granddaughter of Andrew Pennell, a 
native of Ireland and the ancestor of the family 
in this country. 

Dr. Ira Clayton Leedom, of 
LEEDOM Bordentown, New Jersey, de- 
scends from a family long resi- 
dent of Bucks county, Pennsylvania, where Dr. 
Leedom also was born. 

(I) John Leedom, the earliest ancestor, was 
born in lUicks county, Pennsylvania, where all 
his life he followed agricultural pursuits. He 
had sons: George, Samuel, Howard and Al- 
fred ; daughters : Lucy, Ann, Mary and Sarah. 

( II ) Samuel, son of John Leedom, was born 
in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 1828. He re- 
ceived the usual education of sons of farmers, 
and learned the trade of carpenter. He form- 
ed a partnership with his brother Alfred in 
Southampton, Pennsylvania, and most of his 
active life was spent there. They were well 
known contractors and builders and erected 
many public and private buildings in the 
county. Mr. Leedom retired from active life 
about 1895 and is now living in Philadelphia. 
He is a member of the Baptist church, and 
while living in Danville, Pennsylvania, was a 
deacon and trustee of the church there. He is 
a Republican, and a member of the Independ- 
ent ( )rder of Odd Fellows and the Improved 
Order of Red Men. He married Catherine 
\ an Cleve, born in 1832 in Montgomery 
county, Pennsylvania, daughter of Samuel and 
Rachel ( Fetter) \'an Cleve. Samuel \'an Cleve, 
her father, was born in Freehold, New Jersey, 
the son of Benjamin \'an Cleve, and grandson of 
Benjamin Van Cleve, all of Monmouth county. 
New Jersey. Children of Samuel and Cath- 
erine (Van Cleve) Leedom: i. Alfred, de- 
ceased ; he was a funeral director of Southamp- 
ton, Pennsylvania; married Emma Dubois and 
left a son, Guy R. Leedum. 2. Doric V., a 

master ship carpenter at the League Island 
L'nited States navy yard, Philadelphia ; mar- 
ried ^Margaret Pritchard ; children: J. Firth, 
Clarence and Ethel. 3. Ira Clayton, see for- 

( III ) Dr. Ira Clayton, youngest son of Sam- 
uel and Catherine ( \'an Cleve) Leedom, was 
born at Southampton, Bucks county, Pennsyl- 
vania, January 21, 1 87 1. He was educated in 
the public schools of his native town. He 
entered Bucknell L'niversity and was grad- 
uated from that institution with the class of 
1 89 1. Having chosen medicine as his pro- 
fession and Homeopathy as his school, he 
entered Hahnemann Aledical -College, Phila- 
delphia, graduating therefrom in 1894. In the 
same year he located in Bordentown, New 
Jersey, and entered upon the ])ractice of his 
profession. He is a well known man of the 
town and esteemed highly as a physician and a 
citizen. He is Republican in politics and has 
served the city as president of the board of 
education, president of the excise commission, 
secretary of the board of health and as city 
collector. He stands high in the Masonic 
fraternity. He is past master of Mt. Moriah 
Lodge, No. 28, Free and Accepted Masons; 
past eminent commander of Ivanhoe Com- 
mandery, Knights Templar, No. 11, and a 
Royal Arch Mason of Mt. Aloriah Chapter, 
No. 20, all of Bordentown, and a thirty-second 
degree Mason of the Scottish Rite, Trenton 
Consistory. He also belongs to the Borden- 
town Knights of Pythias, the Knights of the 
Golden Eagle and the Brotherhood of Amer- 

Dr. Leedom married, in 1895, Frances Rush, 
daughter of John and Mary Rush, of Warren 
county. New Jersey. One child, F. Benson, 
born in Bordentown, New Jersey, 1896. 

It is said by antiquarians that the 
E.\RL family of Earle is of very ancient 
origin and can be traced back to a 
Saxon ancestor of a period more remote than 
that of the Norman conquest. In the reign of 
Henry II., crowned A. D. 1154. there were 
Earles in Beckington, Somersetshire, and by 
one author it is stated that "so far back as the 
seventh Henry II., John de Erlegh paid five 
marks for the scutage of his lands at Becking- 
ton." Thus it is seen that the Earles are a 
very ancient family of England and were it 
desirable abundant proof is available to show 
that the family also is one of much distinction. 
There were no less than eleven coats-of-arms 
granted to various members of the English 



fainih-. but as the author of the work entitled 
"Ralph Earle and Mis Descendants" says "in 
all my intercourse, either personal or by writ- 
ten correspondence, 1 have found none who 
wore or bore a coat-of-arms, and in only one 
instance have I heard of one in the possession 
of any family." 

(I) Ralph Earle, immigrant, first appears 
in New England colonial history as of New- 
port, Rhode Island, where his name is found 
in the records as early as 1638. Of his birth- 
])lace or place of residence previous to immi- 
grating to America there appears nothing like 
reliable information. There always has been 
a tradition among his descendants that he came 
from E.xeter in 1634, and there is little doubt 
that he married in England and that his wife 
came over with him, although her family name 
is unknown. She was called Joan, although 
her baptismal name appears so written and 
also lone and Jone. Ralph Earle was ad- 
mitted inhabitant of "the Island now called 
.\queedneck" in 1638, and appears to have 
been a person of some consequence in the 
plantation . April 29, 1650, Ralph Earle and 
five others were chosen "for the cominittee for 
the General Assembly at Newport in May 
ne.xt," and on November 12, 1650, it was 
"voated & granted that Ralph Erl's house 
wherein he now dwelleth be recorded & Inn, 
in ye room of ye former vote that he was an 
Innkeeper." In 165 1 he was elected one of 
the committee "to proportion every man's 
farm," and in the same year he was chosen 
town treasurer. He fulfilled various other 
offices, serving as grand juror, witnessing deeds 
and other instuments, and in 1667 joined the 
"troop of horse" of which subsequently he 
became captain. He claimed ownership of 
"the lands of the Dutch House of Good Hope, 
now Hartford, Connecticut, and commenced 
a lawsuit therefore," claiming that he pur- 
chased the land of Underbill in .A.ugust, 1653, 
and paid twenty ]jounds sterling for it. He 
died in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, in 1678. 
He and his wife Joan had five children: i. 
Ral])h, married Dorcas Sprague. 2. William, 
sec post. 3. Mary, married (first) William 
Cory, (second) Joseph Timberlake. 4. Mar- 
tha, married William Wood. 5. Sarah, mar- 
ried Thomas Cornell. 

(II) William, son of Ralph and Joan Earle, 
is first mentioned in 1634, when he sold his 
interest in certain lands to one James Sands. 
In 1658 he became freeman of Portsmouth, 
Rhode Island, and in the same years was ad- 
mitted freeman of the colony. In 1665 it was 

ortlered that William Earle and William Cory 
have "one acker of land on the hill cauled 
llriges hill, or some other conveniant place in 
this Townes Comons. and a quarter of an acker 
of land lying aganst ye towne pond over against 
William Earle's new dewlinge house, and these 
two parcells of land they are to have and to 
enjoy to them and theres, so long as they main- 
tain a wind mill in this town for the townes 
use, Provided that if they maintain not the 
said mill then the said pearcells of land it to 
be returned and laid down to the townes use 
and dispose." In 1668 the wind mill had been 
erected and the town at the request of Earle 
and Cory annulled the above order and ex- 
changed two acres of ground belonging to 
Earle and Cory. "The Eare marke of Wiliam 
Earl's cattell is a hapeny under the side of ye 
further Eare and a slit on the Nere Eare, of 
12 yeares standing, and Entred upon Record 
by me, Richard Bulgar, towne Clarke, Deec ye 
5th. 1667." In 1670 William Earle removed 
to Dartmouth, Rhode Island, where he had 
large interests in lands, and remained there 
several years. He owned two thousand acres 
from his claims in the original division of the 
land. The records show that he was a man of 
importance as well as a large land holder, and 
in 1691 "the General Assembly for their Ma- 
jesties Collony of Rhode Island and Providence 
Plantations, in New England, in Portsmouth 
on said Rhode Island, for the Election of Gen- 
eral Oflicers for the said Collony," was held 
"at the house of William Earle, it being re- 
moved from Newport by reason of the Dis- 
temper." In 16(92 he was a member of the 
"grand Inquest at Newport," was deputy from 
Portsmouth to the general assembly at Provi- 
dence in October, 1704, and at Newport in 
1706. He made his will November 13, 1713, 
and provided well for his children and other 
members of his family, tie married (first) 
Mary, daughter of John anil Kathcrine \\'alkcr, 
and after her death he married Prudence 

. She died January 18, 1718, having 

survived her husband three years, he having 
died January 15, 1715. He had seven chil- 
dren: I. Mary^ born 1655; married John 
Horden. 2. William, see post. 3. Ralph, born 
1660. married Mary Hicks. 4. Thomas, mar- 
ried Mary Tabcr. 5. Caleb, married Mary 

. 6. John, married Mary Wait. 7. 

Prudence, married P>enjamin Durfee. 

(HI) William (2), son of William (i) and 
Mary (Walker) Earle, was born in Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island, and after his marriage 
settled in Dartmouth, Massachusetts, where he 



was juryman in 1694, and constable in 1695-96. 
It appears that he was engaged in a small way 
in the shipping business, owning an interest in 
a sloop in which he carried on a coasting trade 
along the coast of New England, New York 
and New Jersey. In December, 1697, he came 
to Springfield, New Jersey, where he purchased 
the farm on which he ever afterward lived. 
Me was a member of the Society of Friends, 
many of his descendants followed his example 
in their religious relations and many of them 
still continue in that faith. It appears too that 
this William Earle wrote his name without the 
final "e," which example has been followed by 
nearly all of his descendants. The exact date 
of his death is not known, but his will dated 
September 23, 1732, was proved May 10, 1733. 
The baptismal name of his wife was Elizabeth, 
and by her he had five children: i. Mary, 
married Jonathan Borden. 2. Martha, mar- 
ried Thomas Shinn. 3. Child, name unknown; 
married John Webb. 4. William, married 
Mrs. Mary Sharpe. 5. Thomas, see post. 

(IV) Thomas, son of William (2) and Eliz- 
abeth Earl, was born in Springfield, New 
Jersey, and died there in 1778. After the 
death of his elder brother, William, he lived 
on his father's homestead, and devised it to 
his son Thomas. He married, September 6, 
1727, Mary Crispin, born May 12, 1705, daugh- 
ter of Silas and Mary (Stockton-Shinn) Cris- 
pin, and by her had four children: i. Tanton, 
born March 9, 1731, see post. 2. Thomas, 
married (first) Rebecca Newbold, (second) 
Leah Tucker. 3. William, died before his 
father. 4. John, died before his father. 

(V) Tanton, son of Thomas and Mary 
(Crispin) Earl, was born in Springfield, New 
Jersey, March 9, 1731, died there October 24, 
1807. He was a farmer and spent his life in 
Springfield. He married Mary Haines, born 
September 12, 1732, died June 3, 181 1, having 
borne her husband ten children: i. Thomas, 
born December 13, 1754; married Edith Sykes. 
2. Caleb, December 21, 1756; married Esther 
Gardner. 3. John, October 25, 1758; married 
(first) Abigail Smith, (second) Abigail 
Haines. 4. Joseph, see post. 5. Elizabeth, 
March 7, 1763; married Jonathan Curtis. 6. 
Mercy, March 19, 1765, died September 20, 
1805. 7. Mary, May 25, 1767, married Alex- 
ander Shreve. 8. Letitia, May 31, 1769, died 
March 15, 1774. 9. Tanton, October 23, 1772, 
died January 29, 1796. 10. Daniel, January 
21, 1774; married Hannah Shinn. 

(VI) Joseph, son of Tanton and Mary 
(Haines) Earl, was born in Springfield, New 

Jersey, January 2, 1761, died in Pemberton, 
New Jersey, February 25, 1839. He was a 
farmer and spent much of his life in the town 
of Pemberton. He married Thcodosia Shreve, 
born April 28, 1766, died June 12, 1848, daugh- 
ter of Joshua Shreve, and by whom he had 
eleven children: i. Esther, born October 9, 
1786; married John Mullin. 2. Caleb, March 
5, 1788; died Alarch 10, 1795. 3. Benjamin, 
December 14, 1789; died March 6, 1791. 4. 
Joshua S., November 5, 1792, died January 27, 
1831 ; was deputy surveyor and member of 
of the board of proprietors of West Jersey; 
sheriff of Burlington county three years, and 
member of the legislature; died unmarried. 5. 
Tanton, October 31, 1794, died September 25, 
1801. 6. Joseph Biddle, January 23, 1797; 
married Rachel (Allen) Hinchman. 7. Re- 
beca S., October 7, 1799, died November 21, 
1856; married Israel English. 8. Tanton, Oc- 
tober 26, 1 801, died December 21, 1868. 9. 
Richard W., August 7, 1804; married Alary 
D. Howell, to. Sarah B., November 14, 1807, 
married Joseph J. Budd. 11. Franklin W., 
see post. 

(VTI) Franklin W., son of Joseph and 
Theodosia (Shreve) Earl, was born in Pem- 
berton, New Jersey, December i, 181 1. He 
was instantly killed Alay 17, 1883, by a train 
of cars while crossing the railroad track in his 
carriage at Alt. Holly. He was a man of much 
intelligence, a deputy surveyor and a member 
of the council of proprietors of West Jersey. 
He served as township clerk of Pemberton, 
township committeeman and school trustee, 
and held other offices of importance. He was 
a Democrat in politics and once stood as his 
party candidate for a seat in the legislature. 
He held membership in the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, and in religious preference 
was a member of the Society of Friends. He 
married, March 15, 1838, Rebecca W. Smith, 
died September 26, 1886, daughter of Joseph 
and Sarah Smith, and by her had eight chil- 
dren : I. Joseph, born April 4, 1839; died 
Alay 17, 1859. 2. Elizabeth S., October 22, 
1840; died March 11, 1873; married Joshua 
Forsyth. Jr. 3. Joshua, November 12. 1842; 
married Alary Adelaide Oliphant. 4. Eleanora. 
September 5, 1844; married, December 6. 1867, 
Franklin S. Gaskill. 5. Charles, December 4, 
1846: married Elizabeth H. Davis. 6. Flor- 
ence W.. April 6, 1852; married Emma R. 
Davis. 7. Frank, see post. 8. Tanton, Decem- 
ber 26, 1859; died November 5, 1876. 

(VIII) Frank, son of Franklin W. and Re- 
becca W. (Smith) Earl, was born near Pem- 



bertoii, New Jersey, March 2, 1856, and re- 
ceived his education in the public schools of 
his native town and for two years was a 
student in an academic school in Bethlehem, 
Pennsylvania. On his return home he began 
his business career as a surveyor with his 
father, and from that time has been an active 
and successful business man, a conveyancer, 
deputy of the council of proprietors of West 
Jersey, three years township committeeman 
and several years school trustee. During his 
professional life he has done a large amount 
of work as surveyor and civil engineer in the 
counties of Camden, Burlington and Atlantic. 
On May 21, 1877, Mr. Earl married Julia 
C. Jones, born October 7, 1857, daughter of 
W'iikins and Keziah (Shinn) Jones, of Wood- 
ford, New Jersey. Five children were born of 
this marriage : i. Minnie Rebecca, born .\ugust 
2^. 1878; married Carl Tietz, Jr., of Ciiicago, 
private secretary to the chief engineer of the 
Illinois Central Railroad Company. 2. Marion 
Estella, April 29, 1881, died at the age of 
eighteen years. 3. Aimer Jones, April 2, 1883; 
was educated at the Friends' School, Philadel- 
phia ; became a civil engineer engaged in the 
service of the Illinois Central Railroad Com- 
pany, remained two years ; worked as civil 
engineer in the states of Illinois, Tennessee, 
.Alabama and Louisiana. Since leaving the 
employ of the company above mentioned he 
has engaged in work with his father. He mar- 
ried, .\ugust II, 1907, Ila, daughter of Thomas 
J. Hurley, of Ja,sper, Alabama. 4. Franklin 
W., October 15, 1884; graduate phannacist, 
now living at Overbrook, West Philadelphia. 
5. John H. P., April 29, 1895. 

The Haines family is said by 
H.A.INES antiquarians to be of Saxon 

origin, and first appears in 
Devonshire, in the West Saxon kingdom, in 
the early jjart of the sixth century, among the 
following of Hengest and Ilorsa, when the 
name was known as 1 layne. The family was 
found in England at the time of the conquest, 
seated in Hayne, Stow ford parish, near the 
Tamcoe on the borders of Cornwall. The 
name w-as written Hayne until the compilation 
of Doomesday Book, when it was changed to 
Haines, although certain branches of the 
family still retain the original form of spell- 

(I) Riciiard Haines, of Aynhoe, Northamp- 
tonshire. England, hu.sbandman, with his wife 
Margaret and tlieir children, Richard, William, 
Thomas and Mary, sailed from Downs, Eng- 

land, in 1682, in the ship ".\mity," for Amer- 
ica, but Richard the father never reached the 
shores of this country, having sickened and 
died on the voyage. A fifth son, Joseph, was 
born on board the ship. John, the eldest son, 
had come over about 1680, and made himself 
a house below Lumberton, on the south branch 
of Rancocas creek, in New Jersey. The family 
settled in Burlington, New Jersey, and in 1685 
the widow Margaret married a second husband, 
Henry Bircham, of Nesmamony, Pennsylvania. 
Thus it is that because of the death of Rich- 
ard Haines in mid-ocean we have no account 
of him in this country. He was a member of 
the Society of Friends. By his wife Mar- 
garet he had six children, none of whom were 
born in .\merica. Their children: i. John, 
married, 1684, Esther Burton. 2. Richard, 
married, 1699, Mary Carlisle. 3. William, born 
1672 (see post). 4. Thomas, born 1674; mar- 
ried 1692, Elizabeth Austin. 5. Mary, born 
1676. 6. Joseph, born 1682; married (first) 
1704, Dorothy ; (second) 1722, Eliza- 
beth Thomas. 

( II ) William, son and third child of Rich- 
ard and Margaret Haines, was born in Eng- 
land, in 1672, and located one hundred acres 
of land "near Nancutting's Old Plantation" in 
1689. In 1712 he acquired lands in Northamp- 
ton and settled there. He appears to have ac- 
(juired considerable tracts of land, and evi- 
dently was a person of some importance. His 
will is dated in 1752, and was admitted to pro- 
bate April 29, 1754. In 1695 he married Sarah, 
daughter of John Paine, at the Friends' meet- 
ing in Burlington, and by her had six children : 

1. Jacob, born 1699; married Hannah Stokes. 

2. Marget (Margaret), born 1701. 3. Nathan, 
born 1703; married Sarah Austin. 4. Samuel 
(see post). 5. Nathaniel, born 1707; married 
1731, Mary Hervey. 6. Jeremiah, born 1713: 
married, 1736, Hannah Bounell. 

(Ill) Samuel, fourth child of William and 
Sarah (Paine) Haines, was born in 1705, and 
married, in 1734, Lydia, daughter of Thomas 
and Deliverance (Horner) Stokes; cliildren : 
I. Jacob, married Bathsheba Burroughs. 2. 
Sarah, married Caleb Newbold. 3. Samuel 
(see post). 4. Thomas, married Elizabeth 

(I\') Samuel (2), son and third child of 
Samuel ( i ) and Lydia (Stokes) Haines, mar- 
ried (first) lilizabeth, daughter of William and 
Mary (Wills) Buzby; (second) Mary, daugh- 
ter of Cornell Stevenson, and had seven chil- 
dren by his first and five by his second wife: 
I. William, born April 17, 1768; married Mary 



Eayres. 2. Mary, born November 15, 1770; 
married Jacob Hollingshead. 3. Aaron (see 
post). 4. Abel, born September 30, 1775 ; mar- 
ried Elizabeth Stokes. 5. Joseph, born April 
I, 1778; died 1793. 6. Elizabeth, born July 
15, 1780. 7. Samuel, born December 13, 1783: 
married Susannah Chapman. 8. Lydia, born 
July 31, 1789. 9. Robert, born January 2, 
1791 ; married Edith Rogers. 10. Sarah, born 
November 31, 1792; died July 17, 1795. 11. 
Ezra, bom September 26, 1795 ; married (first ) 
Lucy Bishop: (second) Phebe Pierce. 12. 
Hannah, bom Alay 15, 1798; married Joseph 
R. Bishop. 

(\') Aaron, third child of Samuel and Eliz- 
abeth (Buzby) Haines, was born March 25, 
1773, and vvas a farmer in Rancocas, New 
Jersey, where he was born and died. His 
wife was Martha, daughter of Jervis and Eliz- 
abeth (Rogers) Stokes; children: i. John 
S. (see post). 2. Jervis, married Elizabeth 
Reeves. 3. Edith S., married Isaac Haines, 
his first wife. 4. Samuel, married Ann Wood- 
man. 5. Elizabeth, married Joseph Elkington. 

(VI) John Staples, eldest son and child of 
Aaron and Martha (Stokes) Haines, was born 
in Rancocas, New Jersey, October i, 1798, 
and died in 1875. He was an energetic busi- 
ness man, a blacksmith by trade, but a farmer 
and manufacturer of brick by principal occu- 
pation. He owned and carried on a good farm, 
and as his farm lands contained a considerable 
deposit of clay of excellent quality for brick 
he devoted a large share of his attention to 
that manufacture and furnished employment 
to a large number of workmen. He retired 
from active pursuits about twelve years be- 
fore his death, after which the farm and brick- 
makinpf were carried on by his son Stokes. 
Mr. Haines was in all respects a substantial 
man, a born Quaker, although his wife was a 
Methodist, and he was a firm Democrat of the 
Jacksonian type. He married about 1820. 
Mary .Ann Woolston, born October 2, 1800, 
died 1882, a daughter of John Woolston. Ten 
children were born of this marriage: i. Ben- 
jamin, died in infancy. 2. John Woolston, 
died in infancy. 3. Eliza. 4. Aaron Stokes, 
born 1828, died December 2, 1908. 5. Cyla- 
nia W., married Isaac H. Trotter, is now a 
widow, living in Vincentown. 6. Lydia W., 
died in 1864. 7. Adeline, died 1906. 8. Mar- 
tin Luther, born March, 1837, died September, 
1905. 9. John Woolston (see post). 10. 
Stokes, a cranberry grower of \^incentown. 

(VH) John Woolston, ninth child of John 
Staples and Mary Ann (Woolston) Haines, 

was born at N'incentown, in Southampton 
township, March 8, 1839, and was brought up 
to farm work. His business career was begiui 
as a farmer, but at the end of about four years 
he turned attention to dealing in live stock and 
poultry, which he has continued until the present 
time, although during the period of more than 
forty years in which he has been identified with 
the business life of Mncentown, Mr. Haines 
has been interested in various other directions. 
For two years he was proprietor of a mercan- 
tile business there and at one time he owned a 
cranberry bog, which afterward he sold to his 
brother. He is a democrat in politics and as 
such has frequently been elected to public of- 
fice. He served one year as assessor, three 
years as collector, and several years as school 
trustee, twenty years as member of the town- 
ship committee, and in 1879 and 1880 was 
member of the New Jersey House of .Assem- 
bly. He is a past master of Central Lodge 
Xo. 44, F. and A. M., of Vincentown, and 
member of \'incentown Lodge Xo. 2^. 
I. O. O. F. 

Mr. Haines married (first) in i860, Mary 
Elizabeth Budd, born Buddtown, New Jersey, 
in August, 1839, died 1880, daughter of Jolin 
S. Budd. He married (second) in 1890, Alice 
Huston Hargrave, of Tabernacle, daughter of 
Josiah Huston. She died July 4, 1905. Mr. 
Haines had six children, all born of his first 
marriage: i. Theodosia. died young. 2. John, 
died young. 3. Addie G., married Clifford S. 
Cowperthwaith, of Medford, and has one child 
Norman Woolston, married Edith Moore, of 
\'incentown. 4. Eugene O., dealer in stock and 
poultry, X'incentown. 5. Martha, lives at 
home. 6. Mar}', lives at home. 

(For first generation see preceding sketch). 

(II) Richard, second son and 
H.\IXES child of Richard and Margaret 
Haines, was born in England, 
and came to America with his father's 
family. He settled in Evesham township, 
Burlington county. New Jersey, near his 
brother John, and was a farmer. He died in 
1746. at an advanced age, having become pos- 
sessed of a good estate in lands, most of wliich 
was set off to his children before he died. He 
married, in 1699, ^lary Carlile, who also died in 
1746, and both she and her husband were bur- 
ied in the family burv'ing ground on the old 
Richard Haines farm, Fostertown, Ihirlington 
county. Richard and Mary (Carlile) Haines 
had ten children: i. Abraham (see post). 2. 
Richard, married 1721, .Agnes Hollingshead, 



of whom mention is made in this narrative. 

3. Alary, married. 1720. Timothy Matlack. 4. 
Carhle, married, 1721, Sarah, daughter o^ 
Wihiam and Mary (Hancock) Matlack. 5. 
Rebecca, married, 1 721, Richard, son of Will- 
iam Matlack. 6. Rachel, married, 1725, Isaac 
.Albertson. 7 . luioch. 8. Barthanah. 9. 
Sarah, married Edward Hilliard. lO. Eliza- 
beth, married Newberry. 

I 111 I Abraham, eldest child of Richard and 
Mary ( Carlile ) Haines, was owner of a large 
estate in lands at Evesham, and also in Fred- 
erick county, X'irginia, and was withal a man 
of considerable prominence. He died in 
1758. He married. May 14, 1719, Grace, 
daughter of John and Agnes ( Hackirey ) Hol- 
lingshead. She died in 1769, having borne 
her husband eleven children: i. Abrahatn, set- 
tled in P'rederick county, Virginia, and died 
there in 1760; married, 1744, Sarah Ellis. 2. 
lienjamin, born 1725 (see post). 3. Noah, 
married, 1761, widow Hannah Thorne. 4. 
Edmund, married Elizabeth Warrington. 5. 
Isaac, married, 1758, Deborah Roberts. 6. 
Josiah. 7. Isaac, married Sarah Wilkins. 8. 
Simeon, married 1760, Alary Stratton. 9. 
Mary, married 1752, William Sharp. 10. 
Agnes, married Joseph Hackney. 11. Joshua. 

(IV) Benjamin, second son and child of 
Abram and Grace ( HollingsKead) Haines, 
married (first) Elizabeth, daughter of John 
and Mary (Elkinton) Roberts. She bore him 
six children, and died, and he married (sec- 
ond) Margery, daughter of James and Eliz- 
abeth Helanger. She died, and he married 
(third) Sarah, daughter of J(jhn and Mary 
Butcher. He had six children by his first and 
four by his third wife: i. Abraham, born Jan- 
uary 25, 1753, died 1816; married Deliverance 
Haines. 2. John, born October 27, 1754: mar- 
ried Mary Middleton. 3. Mary, born April 
10, 1757, died 1823; married Caleb Crispin. 

4. William, born October 20, 1759, died 1814; 
married Agnes Lijipincott. 5. Job. born Janu- 
ary 24, 1763, diet! 1844; married Sarah Carr. 
6. Benjamin, born June 18, 1765, died 1820; 
married Elizabeth Kirby. 7. Charles, born 
March 10, 1778, died 1800. 8. Clayton, born 
February 28, 1779, died in infancy. 9. Oay- 
ton, Ix>rn May 20, 1780 (.see post). 10. Re- 
becca, born March 24, 1782, died 1803; mar- 
ried Amos Wills. 

(V) Clayton, son of Benjamin and Sarah 
(Butcher) Haines, was born in Evesham town- 
ship, Burlington county, May 20, 1780, and 
died on the same farm on which he was born. 
He married Rebecca, daughter of Zebedee and 

Priscilla (Moore) Wills; children: i. Zebedee, 
born November 20, 1807 (see post). 2. Sarah 
B., October 30, 1814; married William E. 
Haines. 3. Cla\ion, November 5, 1816, died 
April 18, 1817. ' 

(\'I) Zebedee, eldest child of Clayton and 
Rebecca (Wills) Haines, was born in Med- 
ford, Evesham township, New Jersey, Novem- 
ber 20, 1807, and died about 1858. He was 
given a good education in the Samuel (ium- 
mere grammar school at Burlington and after- 
ward became a farmer, wiiich was his principal 
occupation in life, and in which he was very 
successful, at the time of his death being owner 
of two good farms. He took an earnest in- 
terest in public affairs, although not for his 
personal advancement, and was looked upon 
as one of the influential men of the township. 
Originally he was a Whig and later became a 
Republican, although he died soon after the 
organization of the Republican party. 

Mr. Haines married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Joseph and Elizabeth Hendrickson, of Cross- 
wicks, and by her had twelve children: i. Re- 
becca, born February 11, 1831. 2. Margaret, 
burn March 10, 1832, dietl young. 3. Jane, 
born April 7, 1833; married Samuel J. Eves. 
4. Priscilla N., born January 18, 1835; 
married (first) Joseph B. Evans; (second) 
Ezra Bell. 5. Amy, born Alarch 27, 1836; 
married Joseph Nicholson. 6. Clayton, born 
May 7, 1837; married Lydia McGrew. 7. 
Joseph H., born Deceml>er 7, 1840 (see post). 
8. Elizabeth F., born August 5, 1842; married 
Howard Darnell. 9. Zebedee, born Aug^ist 
20, 1843: married Anna P. Harvey. 10. John 
G., born October 20, 1848: married Rebecca 
Patterson. 1 1. Ellis, born July 22, 1852 ; mar- 
ried Catherine P. Howard. 12. Lydia, born 
July 19, 1853. 

(\'II) Joseph Hendrickson, son and sev- 
enth child of Zebedee and Elizabeth (Hend- 
rickson) Haines, vi-as born in Med ford, liurl- 
ington county. New Jersey, December 7, 1840, 
and was educated in the jjublic schools of his 
native township and also at the Friends' school 
in Weston, Pennsylvania, where he was a stu- 
dent during two winter terms. As a boy and 
young man he worked at home on his father's 
farm, where he was born and which he now 
owns, for he eventually succeeded to owner- 
ship of the old home place. I'ut he has other 
farming lands besides the homestead, and is 
known among the practical and successful 
business men of the county. Mr. Haines also 
is interested in mercantile business, being 
senior partner of the firm of Joseph H. Haines 



& Sons, general dealers in coal, lumber and 
agricultural implements, and also proprietors 
of a large pressing business. In this firm, 
however. Mr. Haines is hardly an active part- 
ner, the business management being entirely 
in the hands of his two sons, Morris \\'. and 
Everett H., both young men of excellent busi- 
ness qualifications, energetic, straightforward 
and perfectly reliable. The father is head of 
the house and the conduct of the business is 
in safe hands. Besides these interests Mr. 
Haines has for many years been closely iden- 
tified with the business and civil life of the 
town, being a director of tiie water company 
of Medford and chairman of the board. In 
politics he is a finn Republican and has given 
efficient service as member of the school board 
and also of the township committee. His 
family and himself are members of the So- 
ciety of Friends. 

In 1877 Mr. Haines married Anna Wills, 
born January 21, 1850. daughter of Henry W. 
and Lydia (Stokes) Wills, of Rancocas, 
granddaughter of Joseph and \'irgin ( Powell) 
Wills, great-granddaughter of Aaron and 
Rachel ( Warrington ) Wills, great-great- 
granddaughter of Daniel and Elizabeth ( Wool- 
ston ) Wills, great -great-great-grandaughter of 
John and Hope (Delefaste) \\"ills. and great- 
great-great-great-granddaughter of Dr. Dan- 
iel Wills and Elizabeth, his first wife (see 
Wills). Joseph H. and Anna (Wills) Haines 
have three children: i. Julia F., born Decem- 
ber 13. 1880: married Henry Moon, of the 
William H. Moon Nursery Company of Bucks 
county. Pennsylvania, and has one son, Harris 
Moon, born May 26, 1906. 2. Morris W.. 
twin with Everett H.. born August 24. 1883; 
member of the firm of Joseph H. Haines & 
Sons. 3. Everett H., twin with Morris W.. 
born August 24, 1883; member of the firm of 
Joseph H. Haines & Sons. 

Among the early settlers 
COMPTON from England who have 

made homes for themselves 
and families who braved with them the long 
and dangerous voyage across the Atlantic were 
the Comptons. who settled in Monmouth 
county. New Jersey, in 1667. The leader of 
this family, William Compton, was induced to 
become a permanent settler and proprietor of 
the proposed township of Middletown, which 
was sheltered from the bleak east winds of the 
Atlantic Ocean by the Navesink highlands and 
the long, sandy beach terminating in Sandy 
Hook, the guide for mariners entering the 

lower bay en route for the safer harbors of 
New York bay and the Raritan bay. He was 
appointed one of the proprietors of the town 
and had two hundred and eighty acres of 
farming lands apportioned to him, on the di- 
vision of the township lands in 1679. Among 
the descendants of this pioneer settler was a 
namesake, William (q. v.). Assuming him 
to be the grandson of the immigrant, we place 
him in the third generation. 

(Ill) William, probable grandson of Will- 
iam Compton, the immigrant, 1667, was born 
in Monmouth count)-, New Jersey, about 1730. 
He married a daughter of David Baird and 
they resided in Clarksburg, in the southern 
part of Monmouth county, near the border of 

Ocean county. William and (Baird) 

Compton iiad a large family of sons, who ar- 
rived at manhood about the time of the Ameri- 
can revolution and we find on the rolls of the 
First or "Old Monmouth" Regiment, in the 
battle of ]\Ionmouth, Sunday, June 28, 1778, 
the names of eight privates, bearing the name 
of Compton, as follows, a majority of whom, 
if not all, were sons of William, as follows: 
Job Compton, who was promoted from the 
ranks to lieutenant : John Compton, who also 
served in the Continental army subsequent to 
this battle : Joseph Compton ; Lewis Compton, 
who served in Captain Elisha Waltrous' com- 
pany ; George Compton, who also served with 
the state troops and in the Continental army ; 
Jacob Compton (q. v.) ; James Compton, who 
was in Captain Brueries' company, also in the 
state troops and in the Continental army; and 
John Compton. He also had sons, David and 
"ichabod, who settled at Morristown, Cumber- 
land county. 

(I\') Jacob, one of the eight sons of Will- 
iam and ( Baird ) Compton, was born 

on his father's farm near Clarksburg in Mon- 
mouth county, New Jersey, in 1761, died there 
in 1808. He was a soldier in the First or 
"Cld Monmouth" Regiment that took an im- 
portant part in the battle of Monmouth. He 
was also in the Continental army as were some 
of his brothers. He purchased a farm in 
Plum's tract township, Ocean county, where 
he married Rachel Robbins and they had three 
sons and two daughters born on the farm as 
follows: John. David ( q. v.). Tames. Ellen. 

( \' ) David, second son of Jacob and Rachel 
(Robbins) Compton, was born in Plums tract 
township, Ocean county. New Jersey, 1798, 
died 1852. He married Sarah, daughter of 
Kenneth and Elizabeth (^N'andervere ) Han- 


kiiison, and granddaughter of William Ilan- 
kinson. Captain Kenneth Hankinson was an 
officer in the American army in the revolution- 
ar}- war and was one of the patriots who 
fought at the battle of Trenton. David Comp- 
toii carried the United States mail in Trenton, 
New Jersey, up to 1829. David and Sarah 
I Hankinson) Compton had eleven children, 
two born in Trenton. New Jersey, and the 
others in New Egypt. Ocean county, New Jer- 
sey, to which place they removed from Tren- 
ton in 1829. These children named probably 
in the order of their birth were : Jacob Han- 
kinson [q. v.), William, Elizabeth, John, Ellen. 
George, Kenneth, Adeline, Rachel, Emma, 

( \ I ) Jacob Mankinson, eldest child of 
David and Sarah ( Hankinson ) Compton, was 
born in Trenton, Mercer county. New Jersey, 
November 30, 1826, and he was taken by his 
parents to their new home in New Egypt, 
Ocean county. New Jersey, in 1829. Here he 
attended school, learned the trade of cigar 
maker, and continued to work at that trade 
during his entire business life, first in com- 
pany with his father and after the death of his 
father in 1852 continued the business alone, or 
in company with his son James up to 1883, 
when he retired. His son continued the 
business, in which his father assisted from time 
to time, as he found the work more enjoyable 
than to remain idle. Jacob Hankinson Comp- 
ton was a pronounced Democrat in political 
opinion, and he served as a member of the 
board of commissioners of appeal and judge 
of elections. He married. February 28, 1859. 
Sarah .Ann, daughter of Clayton Coward, of 
New Egypt, New Jersey, who was a son of 
Jonathan Coward, grandson of Jonathan and 
great-grandson of John Coward, the immi- 
grant, who came from England in 1736 and 
was a ])rcacher in Emilytown, New Jersey. 
The children of Jacob Hankinson and .Sarah 
.A.nn (Coward) Compton were born in New 
Egyjn as follows: i. George F., i860, who be- 
came cashier in the First National LUink of 
New Egypt, he married Mary, daughter of 
John and Elizabeth fDunphy) Applegate, and 
had children : Laura, Eugene, Kenneth and 
Elizabeth. 2. James Robbins (<\. v.). 3. 
Sarah, who married Thomas Hartshorn, a 
prosjierous farmer in New E,gypt, and has 
children: Rebecca, Walter and Henry Hart- 
shorn. 4. Josejih, who married Laura Church- 
ill, who died soon after marriage and left no 
children. Joseph Comjiton is connected with 
the ( Irecn Copper Mining C<)m])anv and in 

1909 was in Mexico in charge of the mines. 
(\H) James Robbins, second child of 
Jacob Hankinson and Sarah Ann (Coward) 
Compton, was born in New Egypt, Ocean 
comity. New Jersey, May 18, 1862. He was 
a pupil in the public schools of New Egypt, 
learned the business of cigar-making in his 
father's manufactory, and in 1883 took entire 
charge of the business and conducted it in his 
own name, his father, James H. Compton, 
withdrawing from all business connection with 
the former firm of J. H. Compton & Son. He 
carried on a branch of the manufactory at 
Asbury Park, Monmouth county, New Jersey, 
1858-91. He is not married and has no con- 
nection with any fraternal or religious asso- 
ciations. He is a member of the Democratic 
party and has served as a member of the 
county committee. 

The family name Stack- 
ST.KCKHOL'SE house is somewhat un- 
common and wherever it 
ajipears as the name of a white person there 
is good reason to believe that if there were 
records extant we could in all instances trace 
it back to the family who in remote times 
gave the name to or received it from the little 
hamlet of .Stackhouse in the West Riding of 
Yorkshire. England. Because the name is un- 
common it attracts the attentiori of the family 
genealogist whenever he sees it in print. It 
is generally supposed that the Quaker con- 
tingent of the family who settled in Bucks 
county. Pennsylvania, in the eighth decade of 
the seventeenth century were the pioneers of 
tlie name in .\merica. Some years ago, how- 
ever, while rummaging among the dusty annals 
of the i)ast. Dr. .\sa Matlack Stackhouse was 
sur|)riscd to learn that one Richard Stackhouse 
was among the Puritan colonists of ^Massa- 
chu setts almost fifty years before Thomas and 
j.ihn .Stackhouse came to Pennsylvania. In 
I'elt's ".\nnals of Salem" we find that land was 
granted to Richard Stackhouse in 1635. None 
of the genealogists of the Stackhouse family 
have been able to trace a descendant of this 
Richard and it is su])i)osed the male line died 
out. It is i^robable that he was in somewhat 
reduced circumstances, for in 1653, "for the 
relief of his family" the profits of the ferry 
"towards Ip-switch"' were granted to him pro- 
vided he could procure boats and men. This 
ferry was at Beverly and it appears he held 
the ferry privilege until 1686, and lived at that 
place. His wife's name was Susanna and she 
"joined tlie church" in 1648. His children. 



Jonathan, Abigail and Hannah, were baptized 
in May, 1648; Ruth, July 8, 1649; Samuel, 
I'"ebruary 13. 1653; Alary, June, 25, 1654. 

So far as is known the first member of the 
Stackhoiise family who attempted to collect 
genealogical data of their history was Amos 
Stackhouse, 1757-1825, a great-grandson of 
Thomas, the immigrant. He was a man of 
some literary attainments and for some years 
was engaged in teaching school at Mt. Holly, 
New Jersey. His life was passed mainly in 
that place and in Philadelphia. The results 
of his labors were somewhat meagre and 
mostly confined to tradition, however, a 
nucleus was established. His son, Powell 
Stackhouse Sr., 1785- 1863, took up the work 
where the father laid it down and pushed his 
in(|uiries still further. His interest in the 
work led him to look up everyone bearing the 
name, if accessible. He lived in Philadelphia 
and in those days there were many of the 
name there. The story is told that on one 
occasion he learned that a family of the name 
of Stackhouse resided in the lower part of the 
city and one morning he sallied forth to in- 
terview them and find out "where the relation- 
ship came in." To liis intense disgust the 
family turned out to be negroes. It is need- 
less to say that he abandoned summarily — abo- 
litionist as he was — all desire of establishing 
relationship. In explanation of this it may be 
said that in colonial days when slavery existed 
in the north, many of the slaves assumed the 
names of their masters and this was the case 
no doubt in this instance. 

The researches of Powell Stackhouse Sr. 
materially enriched the collection of his father 
Amos. His mantle in turn fell upon his son, 
Powell Stackhouse Jr., 1827-1900, par excel- 
lence the historiographer of the Stackhouse 
family. Soon after 1890 William R. Stack- 
house, a great-grandson of .Amos, became in- 
terested in the family history and began the 
work of tracing the descent of certain branches 
of John, the immigrant, that had not previ- 
ously engaged the attention of Powell Jr. 
This was successfully carried on and other 
branches were then traced in collaboration with 
Powell Jr. His attention then was drawn 
more particularly to the earlier English his- 
tory of the family and the book entitled 
"Stackhouse, An Old English Family Some- 
time of Yorkshire," recently published by The 
Settle Press of Moorestown, New Jersey, is 
largely the result of his researches. Our pres- 
ent narrative has to deal particularly with 

Thomas Stackhouse and some of his numerous 

The ancestry of the Stackhouse family is 
traced in England to the year 1086 and in 
America traces back to the year 1682, when 
Thomas Stackliouse, of the village of Stack- 
house, in the deanery of Craven, West Riding 
of Yorkshire, came to America, arriving at 
New Castle lomo. 27, 1682, accompanied by 
his wife Margery and two nephews, Thomas 
and John Stackhouse. They all settled in 
Middletown township and took up large tracts 
of land. Thomas Stackhouse, the elder, lost 
his wife Margery, who died iimo. 15, 1682, 
and he married in imo., 1702, Margaret Atkin- 
son, daughter of Christopher Fell, of New- 
town, Lancashire, and widow of Christopher 
Atkinson, who had died on board the "Britan- 
ica" in 1699 on his way to Pennsylvania. 
Thomas Stackhouse died in 1706 without issue. 
Thomas and John Stackhouse both reared 
large families in Middletown, and have both 
left numerous descendants. The latter died 
in Middletown in 1757. 

1 1 ) Thomas Stackhouse was a very prom- 
inent man in the community, representing his 
county in the colonial assembly of Pennsyl- 
vania for the years 171 1 to 1715 inclusive, and 
then declining a re-election. He also was col- 
lector of proprietary quit-rents for Bucks 
county ; served as one of the commissioners 
today out roads and in many other capacities 
of trust. He was one of the active members 
of Aliddletown Monthly Meeting of Friends 
and built their meeting house in 1690. He 
took up five hundred and seven acres of land 
in Midilletown on the Neshaminy and in 1707 
bought twelve hundred acres of Francis Rich- 
ardson. He died 41110. 26, 1744. Thomas 
Stackhouse married (first) at Middleton 
Meeting, 7th mo. 27, 1688, Grace Heaton, born 
Yorkshire ist mo. 14, 1667, died 8th mo. 8, 
1708, daughter of Robert and .\lice Heaton, 
who came to Philadelphia in the "Welcome" 
with William Penn in 1682. Fie married 
(second) ist mo. i, 171 1, at Falls Meeting, 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, Ann Mayos, died 
5th mo. 6, 1724. widow of Edward Mayos. 
He married (third) 8th mo. 1725, Dorothy, 
widow of Zebulon Heston. Thomas Stack- 
house had in all fourteen children, nine by 
his first and five by his second wife: i. Samuel, 
born 8th mo. 17, 1689, married Eleanor Clark. 
2. John, born 3d mo. 27, 1691. 3. Robert, 
see post. 4. Henry, born loth mo. 7, 1694, 
married Jane . 5. Grace, born nth nio. 



7, 1696, died 6th mo. 5. 1777: married David 
Wilson. 6. Alice, born 2d mo. i, 1699, mar- 
ried Enclydns Longshore. 7. Thomas, born 

5th mo. 20, 1703, married Elizabeth . 8 

Joseph, born 5th mo. 20, 1703, married Sarah 
Copeland. 9. Benjamin, born loth mo. 25, 
1705, married Sarah Gilbert, 10. (by second 
wife) Isaac, bom 3d mo. 11, 1712, died 2d mo. 
4, 1714. II. Jacob, born 8th mo. 25, 1713, 
married Hannah Watson. 12. Ann, bom 5th 
mo. 15, 1715, married Charles Plumley. 13. 
Sarah, born 6th mo. 6, 1718, died 5th mo. 25, 
1808: married Samuel Cary. 14. Isaac, born 
7th mo. 5, 1720, died ist mo. 17, 1791 ; married 
Mary Harding. 

(II) Robert, third son of Thomas and 
Grace (Heaton) Stackhouse, was born 9th 
mo. 8, 1692. He married Margaret Stone and 
settled on a tract of land purchased by his 
father, "adjoining Pigeon Swamp" in Bris- 
tol township, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
which later was devised to him by his father's 
will. He later removed to Berwick on the 
Susquehanna, where he lived until his death 
in 1788, at the advanced age of ninety-six 
years. Robert and Margaret were the par- 
ents of eight children : Thomas, Joseph, James, 
Grace, Benjamin, .Alice, William and Robert. 

(III) James, third son of Robert and Mar- 
garet (Stone), was born in Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania, 11 mo. (January) 11, 
1725-26, and married, 10 mo. 13, 1750, Martha 
Hastings, who was born 4 mo. 27, 1722, 
flaughter of Samuel and Mary (Hill) Hast- 
ings, and granddaughter of Joshua Hastings, 
who rejjresented Chester county in the colonial 
assembly, living then near Chester, but later 
removed to Philadeljihia. His son John Hast- 
ings married Grace .Stackhouse, sister of 
James. The children of James and Martha 
(Hastings) Stackhouse were: Margaret, Hast- 
ings, Mary, Amos, Martha, James and another 
.'\mos, who died in infancy. James, the father, 
died in Philadeljjhia 8 mo. 16, 1759, and his 
wife Martha died 6 mo. 23, 1806. He is 
buried in the .\rch street Friends" burying 

(IV) Amos, second son of James and Mar- 
tha (Hastings) Stackhouse, was bom 5 mo. 
4. 1757. and was married at Mt. Holly, New 
Jersey, i mo. 14, 1779, to Mary Powell, bom 
7 mo. 9, 1763, daughter of John and Susanna 
(Bryan) Powell, granddaughter of Isaac and 
Elizabeth ( Perdue) Powell, who were married 
August 10, 1729, Isaac being a son of John 
and Elizabeth (F'arker) Powell, and a grand- 
son of Robert and Prudence Powell, the for- 

mer of whom came to New Jersey in the ship 
"Kent," 6 mo. 16, 1667, and settled near Burl- 
ington, West Jersey. Amos Stackhouse died 
4 mo. 5, 1825, and his widow Mary 7 mo. 15, 
1841. They were the parents of thirteen 
children : Susanna, Hastings, Martha, Powell, 
Esther, Martha, second of the name; James, 
Samuel P., Amos, Robert, Mary P., John P., 
and another Robert who had died in infancy. 

(V) Robert (2), son of Amos and Mary 
(Powell) Stackhouse, was born in Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, December i, 1801, died 
January 6, 1881. He attended school in 
Philadelphia and Westtown, then learned the 
trade of a tailor and afterward for several 
years kept a dry goods store in the former 
city. After that he engaged in various oc- 
cupations, and was in the merchant tailoring 
business in Alexandria, Virginia, for a few 
years, later was bookkeeper for Carey & Hart, 
publishers, and afterward made bookkeeping 
his chief occupation in life. At the end of a 
long period of business endeavor he came to 
New Jersey and spent the remaining years of 
his life in Chester township, where he died. 
Mr. Stackhouse married (first) 4th mo. 23. 
1829, Elizabeth Davis Kimber, daughter of 
Ricliard and Elizabeth Kimber, and by whom 
he had three children. He married (second) 
9th mo. 21, 1841, Ann Roberts Matlack, 
daughter of Asa and Tamar (Roberts) Mat- 
lack (see Matlack), and by whom he had one 
child. Robert Stackhouse's cliildren : i. Tacy 
J., born 3d mo. 13, 1830, died 11 mo. 2. 1837. 

2. Edward Livingston, born 3d mo. 27, 1833. 

3. Tacy Elizabeth, born 11 mo. 25, 1838. 4. 
Asa ]\Iatlack, see post. 

(VI) Asa Matlack, son of Robert (2) and 
.■\nn Roberts (Matlack) Stackhouse, born 7th 
mo. 21. 1845, ^^'3-S educated in the jjublic 
schools of ^loorestown. New Jersey, and en- 
tered the junior class of the University of 
Pennsylvania, graduating from that institution 
in the class of 1865. He subsequently stud- 
ied medicine, graduating from Hahnemann 
Medical College of Philadel])hia in 1868, and 
practiced medicine in .Vttleborough (now 
Langhornc), Bucks county, and elsewhere for 
a number of years, but has now retired from 
practice and lives at Moore.stown, New Jersey. 
He has always taken an interest in local his- 
tory and the genealogy of the old families oi 
Buck's county and vicinity, and has contril)- 
uted a number of articles on these subjects to 
local i)apers. 

Dr. Stackhouse married, at Allentown, 
Penn,.sylvania, 12 mo. 8, 1868, Ella Jane 



Romig. (laughter of William J. and Mary Ann 
Catharine (Royer) Romig, and they are the 
parents of two children: i. William Romig, of 
Aloorestown. New Jersey, who was born in 
Chester township, Burlington county. New 
Jersey, January 10, 1870, and married Re- 
becca Gibson. 2. Ernest Robert, born at Al- 
leiitown, Pennsylvania, December 3. 1884. 
Another child, Ernest Raymond, born Janu- 
ary 17, 1874, died young. William Romig 
Stack-house, mentioned above, for several years 
past has been engaged in connection with his 
cousin, the late Powell Stackhouse, in exten- 
sive genealogical researches. 

The narrative here written is 
MATEACK to record something of the 
lives and achievements of the 
representatives of several generations of one 
of the notable old colonial families of New 
Jersey. The family has been made the sub- 
ject of narrative by various chroniclers, for 
its marriage connections have been as notable 
as is the history of the family itself, and in the 
main the accounts of these several writers are 
in accord. 

(I ) William IMatlack, or as his family name 
appears in some old records, JMacklack, was 
born in England about 1648 and was one of 
the colony of Friends who came from Crop- 
well Bishop, a small village in Nottingham- 
shire, in the year 1677, in the ship "Kent,"' 
which was sighted ofif Sandy Hook August 14 
of that year. The vessel followed along the 
coast to Raccoon creek, where her passengers 
disembarked. The commissioners appointed 
by William Penn and the other proprietors, 
and ^\ illiam Matlack with them, took a sinall 
boat and went up the Delaware river to Chy- 
goes island, whereon Burlington now stands, 
almost surrounded by a creek named for an 
Indian sachem who lived there. Matlack was 
the first to leave the boat, just as in later years 
he was foremost in the work of development 
of the region in various other respects. He 
was a carpenter and built or helped to build 
the first two houses in Burlington and also 
helped to build the first corn mill in West 
Jersey. He came over to America as the 
servant of one Daniel Wills, commissioner and 
pro])rietor, and after serving him four years 
bought from his former master one hundred 
acres of good land between the north and south 
branches of Penisaukin creek, in Chester town- 
ship, Burlington county, as afterward created. 
It is understood that the purchase price of 
the land thus acquired was his four years" 

service and "current country pay." The 
greater part of this tract is still owned and in 
possession of William Matlack's descendants. 

At the time of his emigration to America 
William Matlack was a young man less than 
thirty years old. "He saw a town rise up in 
the midst of the forest, surrounded by a thriv- 
ing population, busy in clearing the land and 
enjoying the reward of their labors. His leis- 
ure hours were spent among the natives, 
watching their peculiarities and striving to win 
their good will. Following the advice and e.x- 
ample of the commissioners, every promise 
made by him to the aboriginies was faithfully 
kept, and every contract strictly adhered to." 
He and Timothy Hancock, with whom he 
worked in common in many things, "soon 
found their neighborhood was a desirable one ; 
for new settlements were made there in a short 
time, and went on increasing until a meeting 
of Friends was established at the house of 
Timothy Hancock by consent of the Burling- 
ton Friends in 1685." In 1701 William Mat- 
lack purchased about one thousand acres of 
l^nd in Waterford and Gloucester townships, 
in Camden county (then Gloucester), lying on 
both sides of the south branch of Cooper's 
creek. In 1714 he gave to his son George 
five hundred acres of land in Waterford town- 
ship, being part of the one thousand acre tract 
purchased of Richard Heritage. In 1717 he 
bought two hundred acres of John Estaugh, 
attorney for John Haddon, and there his son 
Richard settled in 1721. In 1714 he gave his 
son Timothy the remaining part of the Heri- 
tage, and on this tract Timothy set- 
tled and built his house. The tract of lands 
owned by William Matlack and his sons John, 
Timothy and Richard extended from the 
White Horse tavern on both sides of the high- 
way and contained about fifteen hundred acres. 

William Matlack, the immigrant ancestor, 
married Mary Hancock, and of this event Mr. 
Clement writes thus: "In 1681 there came 
from Brayles a small town in the southern 
part of W'arwickshire, a young man named 
Timothy Hancock, accompanied by his sister, 
who was about fifteen years of age. Without 
friends or means, they lived in a ver\' humble 
manner among the settlers, but the demand for 
work soon found Timothy employment, and 
the demand for wives did not leave Mary long 
without a suitor." She married William Mat- 
lack in 1682, and they then removed to a tract 
of land which he had located between the north 
and south branches of Penisaukin creek, ( in 
Chester township. Her brother also located 



an tiiljoininj^ survey, and in 1684 married 
Rachel Firman. Thus it is that the Matlack 
family in New Jersey — a prolific family in- 
deed — began with William and Mary. Just 
when William died is not certain, but it was 
after 1720, and he lived to see his youngest 
daughter the mother of seven children. Tra- 
dition says that he died in his ninetieth year, 
or ninety-first, "and would have lived longer 
if his tools had not been hid froin him. for 
he took delight in having his accustomed tools 
to work with, and when he coukl not have 
them he died." His children were: i. John, 
married (first) Hannah Horner, (second) 
Mary Lee. 2. George, married (first) 1709, 
Mary Foster, (second) Mary Hancock. 3. 
Mary, married (first) in i/ii, at Newton 
meeting, Jonathan Haines, (second) Daniel 
Morgan. 4. William, see post. 5. Richard, 
married (first) 1721, Rebecca Haines, at Eve- 
sham meeting, (second) in 1745, Mary Cole 
at Chester meeting. 6. Joseph, married at 
Chester meeting in 1722, Rebecca Haines. 7. 
Timothy, married in 1725 at Haddonfield 
meeting, Mary Haines. 8. Jane, married Irvin 
Haines. 9. Sarah, married in 1721 at Eve- 
sham meeting, Carlyle Haines. 

(H) William (2), son of William (i) and 
Mary (Hancock) Matlack, was born at Pene- 
saukin creek. Burlington county, New Jersey, 
December 2, 1690, died July 25, 1730. He 
married, September 17, 1713, Ann, daughter 
of John and Frances Antrim, of Burlington, 
and by her had eight children : i. Rebecca, born 
.August 16. 1714, died July 30. 1798: married 
(first) John Bishop, (second) Caleb Carr. 2. 
Jeremiah, born March 4. 1716, died January 
18, 1767. 3. Rachel, born June 11, 1718, died 
February 5, 1762: married (first) Thomas 
P.ishop, (second) Philip Wikard. 4. Leah, 
born .August 29, 1720, died February 25, 1 73 1. 
5. .Ann, born Dccemlicr 11, 1722, died July 26, 
1728. 6. William, born June 30, 1725, see 7. James, born June 13, 1728. died No- 
vember 24, 1728. 8. Mary, born January 6, 
1730. died April 15. 1759. 

(Ill) William (3), son of William (2) and 
.Ann ( Antrim) Matlack, was born June 30, 
1723. died ^L^y 15, 1795. He married, at 
iladdonfield meeting, Octoljer I, 1748, Mary, 
daughter of John and Jane Turner, and by 
her had ten children : i. Atlantic, born Novem- 
l^'^r L3- 1750. died February 21, 1775; married 
Samuel Stokes. 2. \\'illiam, born May 15, 
1752. 3. John, born March 26, 1755, died 
.August, 1831 : married Rebecca Shute. 4. 
Reuben, born November 17, 1757, see post. 

5. Jane, born February 11, 1760, died Alay 3, 
1760. 6. Samuel, born June 7, 1761. married 
Sarah Shute. 7. Rebecca, born February 13, 
1765, died^ 'May 18, 1842; married Amos 
Buzby. 8. Joseph, born August 21, 1767, died 
August 26, 1814; married Anna Shute. 9. 
George, born March 6, 1770, married Sarah 

Roberts. 10. , born August 4, 1772. 

died February 9, 1790. 

(1\') Reuben, son of William (3) and 
Mary (Turner) Matlack, was born nth mo. 
17, 1757, died 8th mo. 2, 1808. He married 
imo. 23, 1783, Elizabeth Coles, a descendant 
of Samuel Coles and of William and Thomas 
Budd, all early members of the colonial as- 
sembly of New Jersey. 

( \' ) Asa, son of Reuben and Elizabeth 
(Coles) Alatlack, was born loth mo. 21, 1783. 
died I2th mo. 3, 1851. He married, 5th mo. 
12, 1807. Tamar Roberts, born 6th mo. 13. 
1783, tiled 9th mo. 2, 1850, daughter of John 
and [.etitia Roberts. They had two children : 

1. Alordecai, born 3d mo. 14, 1808. 2. Ann 
Roberts, born 3d mo. 4. 1810, died loth mo. 

2. 1893; niarried Robert Stackhouse (see 

George Albert Allinson, of 
ALLTNSON Burlington, New Jersey, de- 
scends from a very old 
Burlington county family. 

( L) Thomas Allinson, the earliest known 
ancestor, was a resident of burlington county 
all his life, following the occupation of a 

(II) John, son of Thomas Allinson, was 
born, lived and died in Burlington county. 
His death occurred about the year i860. He 
was a large land owner and farmer. He mar- 
ried Nancy and had three sons — Abra- 
ham R., John M., Samuel— and a daughter 
Mary Ann. 

( III ) .Abraham R.. son of John and Nancy 
.Allinson, was born in Burlington township, 
Burlington county. New Jersey, 1822, died in 
1869. He received a good common school 
education. His first emi)loyment was in a 
general store in Burlington. He learned the 
trade of a shoemaker and carried on that busi- 
ness in Purlington for many years. Later he 
conducted an undertaking establishment in 
Burlington and that was his business until 
within a short time before his death. His lat- 
ter years he lived a retired life. Mr. Allinson 
was a lifelong Democrat and served as town- 
ship and city tax collector for several years. 
1 le belonged to the Methodist Episco])al 



church of Burlington, and to Burhngton 
Lodge. Xo. 22. Independent t)rder of Odd 
Fellows. He married Eliza A. English, of 
Springfield township, Burlington county, New 
Jersey. Children: Theodore C, deceased; 
George A., see forward ; Samuel E. ; Annie B. ; 
Sarah M. (Mrs. George E. Gilbert). 

(IV) George Albert, son of Abraham R. 
and Eliza A. ( English ) Allinson. was born in 
Burlington, New Jersey. July g, 1850. He 
was educateil in the public and private schools 
of his native city. He learned the carpenter's 
trade in Philadelphia and combined with that 
an intimate knowledge of architecture. He 
became an architect and builder and was ac- 
tively engaged in the prosecution of his busi- 
ness in Burlington and surrounding country 
until the year igo2 when he retired. During 
his active business life as a builder, Mr. Allin- 
son designed and erected many buildings of 
both a public and private character, and was 
highly regarded as a competent and thorcmghly 
satisfactory architect and builder. In other 
lines of business activity. Mr. Allinson is also 
prominent. He is superintendent and treas- 
urer of the Burlington Water Company, a 
connection that has existed for the past thirty 
years, and to this company and its successful 
develo]3ment he has contributed largely. 
Other ISurlington institutions with which he 
is connected in an official capacity are the Me- 
chanics' National Bank, of which he is vice- 
president : Burlington Trust Company, serving 
on the board of directors ; Burlington Electric 
Light Company, of which he is vice-president. 
All these responsible positions Air. Allinson 
fills with a marked ability and fidelity that con- 
tributes largely to the success of these corpora- 
tions. For the past thirty years he has been 
secretary of the Burlington Building and Loan 
Association. In political faith he has always 
been a Democrat. During the years 1876-77 
he was city clerk of Burlington. He served 
in the common council of that city for nine 
years, eight of which he was president of the 
council. In 1904-05-06 he was mayor of 
Burlington, giving that city an effective, busi- 
ness administration. His fraternal affiliations 
are with the leading orders of his city. He is 
past master of Burlington Lodge. Xo. 32. 
Free and Accepted Masons : a memloer of Bou- 
dinot Chapter. Xo. 3. Royal Arch Masons ; 
Heleva Commandery. Xo. 3. Knight Tem- 
plars : Lulu Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of Philadelphia; 
Hope Lodge. No. 13. Knights of Pythias; 
Phoenix Lodge. No. 92. Independent Order 

of Odd Fellows, of which he is past grand ; 
Leni Lenape Tribe, Improved Order of Red 
Men, of which he is past sachem and past 
deputy sachem ; Mt. Plolly Lodge, No. 848, 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. Mr. 
Allinson is unmarried. 

The Wimer family of Palmyra, 
WIMER Burlington county, New Jersey, 

descended from an old Pennsyl- 
vania family. Joseph Wimer, the great- 
grandfather of George N., married, July 9, 
1809, Elizabeth Sheed, daughter of George 
and Rebecca Sheed. George Sheed was born 
in the year 1756. died July 7, 1830. Rebecca, 
his wife, was born in the year 1764, died Au- 
gust 25, 1837. George and Rebecca Sheed 
were the parents of twelve children: i. Chris- 
tian, daughter, born July 11, 1786, died No- 
vember 7, 1786. 2. Isabella, born 1787, no 
record of death. 3. Elizabeth, born March 26, 
1789. died August 12, 1869; married, July 9. 

1809, Joseph Wimer. 4. Ann, born June 15, 
1791, died June 22, 1816; married, August 14, 
1814. W^alter Raleigh; child, Susan Raleigh, 
died June 22, 1816. 5. Mary, born August 

28. 1793, died May 8, 1812. 6. Peter, born 
December 7. 1795, died June 22, 1816. 7. Re- 
becca, born July 29. 1797. married 

Ely. a member of the Society of Friends ; she 
died in July or August, 1875-76, leaving one 
daughter, Lavinia, wife of Albert Paxson, who 
was brother to Justice Edward Paxson, lately 
deceased. All of these died at the homestead 
near Holicong, Bucks county, Pennsylvania. 8. 
Susannah, born September 5. 1799, no record of 
death. 9. Margaretta, born October 4, 1803, 
married William Stavely, of the firm of Mc- 
Calla & Stavely, publishers of Episcopal Peri- 
odical — either Register or Recorder ; six chil- 
dren were born to them ; they died at their 
home, Partridge Hall, near Labraska. Bucks 
county. Pennsylvania. 10. Amy, no date of 
birth or death. II. Lavinia, born March. 1807, 
died July 28, 1873. 12. Christian, born March 

29, 1809. Children of Joseph and Elizabeth 
(Sheed) Wimer: i. George, born April 18, 

1810. 2. Amanda, October 11, 181 1, luarried 
Edward Filley. a silversmith, and died in the 
month of June. 1 83 1. 3. Joseph, see forward. 
4. Rebecca, January 13, 1816. 

(II) Joseph (2). son of Joseph (i) and 
Elizabetli (Sheed) Wimer. was born in Phila- 
delphia Pennsylvania. October 13. 181 3, died 
in his native city October 29. 1881. He was 
a plasterer by trade, was actively interested in 
the i)olitical affairs of his city, and held office 



in the city government. Joseph W'imer mar- 
ried, Se])temher 4, 1835, Mary Engles, of 
Pliiladelphia ; cliildren: i Albert, born Octo- 
ber 22, 1839. a soldier of the civil war, died 
from wounds received at the battle of Antie- 
tam, September 6, 1863, unmarried. 2. Will- 
iam E., see forward. 3. Mary E., resident of 
Philadelphia, born September 14, 1845. 

( III ) William E., second son of Joseph and 
Mary (Engels) Wimer, was born in Philadel- 
])hia, .\pril 4, 1843. He was educated in the 
schools of his native city. For a number of 
years he was a commercial salesman traveling 
for the house of Dr. D. Jayne & Son. In the 
early seventies Mr. Wimer entered the employ 
of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company as 
clerk, and has since been continuously in the 
employ of that corporation in Philadelphia. 
In 1875 he removed to Palmyra, New Jersey, 
where he remained until 1894. when he again 
took up his residence in Philadelphia. In 
political faith Mr. Wimer is Republican. He 
is a meinber of the PalmyTa Lodge of Odd 
Fellows, the Brotherhood of America, and the 
Knights of the Golden Eagle. He is a com- 
municant of the I'.aptist church. William E. 
Wimer married, July 6, 1865, Emma C. Ru- 
dolph, daughter of Alfred Rudolph, of Phila- 
delphia. She died December 2, 1904. The 
children of this marriage are: i. George Nell, 
sec forward. 2. .Mbert L. 3. Mamie, died 
aged five years. 4. Alfred, died at age of 
twenty-one years. 5. Irene, died in infancy. 
6. Francis, died in December, 1908, aged twenty- 
eight years. 7. William W.. 8. Howard. 9. 
Ella. 10. Edna. 

(I\") George Xeli, eldest son and child of 
William E. and Emma C. (Rudolph) Wimer, 
was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. May 
II. 1866. He was educated in the Philadel- 
phia public schools. His early employment 
was in a produce commission house and as 
clerk in Philadelphia. He then entered the em- 
I)loy of the Pcncoyd Iron Works (now the 
American P.ridgc Company), remaining with 
them until 1897 in charge of the contracting and 
billing departments. On September 30, 1897, 
Mr. Wimer was appointed postma.ster at Pal- 
myra, New Jersey. He resigned his position 
with the American iiridge Com])any in April, 
1904. In 1906 he resigned his position as post- 
master. In 1905 Mr. Wimer opened an office in 
Palmyra for the transaction of the real estate 
and in.surance business, and in this line of activ- 
ity he has since been actively engaged. He also 
has an office at 209 Market street, Camden, 

for the same purpose. Mr. Wimer is a Re- 
publican and is a member of the Burlington 
county tax board of equalization, appointed in 
1906 by Governor Stokes and re-appointed by 
Governor Fort. He is an active member of 
the various fraternal, social, and athletic clubs 
and societies of Palmyra and vicinity, notably 
the Patriotic Order Sons of America, Brother- 
hood of America, Tacoma Tribe, Improved 
Order of Red Men, Junior Order of American 
Mechanics of Beverly, New Jersey, Senior Or- 
der of the same, Bordentown, New Jersey, 
P)enevolent and Protective Order of Elks, of 
Mt. Holly. New Jersey, Cnion League Club, 
Palmyra Bicycle Club, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, Turner and Maennerchor soci- 
eties of Riverton, New Jersey. George Nell 
Wimer married, December 12, 1889, Sally A. 
Cress, daughter of Theodore and Emma Cress, 
of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. One child has 
been born to Mr. and Mrs. George N. Wimer, 
Mildred Helen, born in Palmyra, March 3, 

The family names of Rigg and 
RIGCt Riggs have been known in New 
England since colonial times, and 
now their representatives are well scattered 
throughout the country. Whether written 
Rigg or Riggs the name applies to the same 
general family, and both trace back to the still 
okler family which was seated in Old England 
for many generations previous to the time 
when the first immigrant Riggs came over to 

( I ) Christopher Rigg, immigrant ancestor 
of the family here treated, came to this country 
about the vear 1820. He was born in North- 
Hampstead, England, of English ])arents, and 
on coming to America he settled in Burlington, 
New Jersey. He was a thrifty and prosperous 
farmer for many years and became possessed 
of extensive farm tracts, and besides carrying 
on his farms he bought and sold timber lands, 
dealt in lumber and wood, manufactured brick 
and tiling, and also built and operated a grist 
mill in l^>urlington township. In the latter 
business one of his sons had an interest with 
his father. Mr. Rigg was one of the direct- 
ors of the Merchants' National Bank of Burl- 
ington, one of the principal organizers of the 
Mt. Holly .Agricultural Society, and in many 
ways show'ed his excellent business (lualities 
and genuine public spirit by his connection 
with enterprises which were intended to pro- 
mote the general welfare as well as personal 





ent Acton. 4. Sarah, died unmarried at Green- 
wich. 5. Ann, married Mcses Sheppard. 6. 
josiah, a merchant of Philadelphia and a 
director of Pennsylvania railroad. 

(I\') John, child of Job (2) Bacon 
by his first wife, lived in Greenwich, Cumber- 
land county. New Jersey. He married Ann 
Hall, of Bacon's Neck. She was a lineal de- 
scendant of W'illiam Hall who emigrated to 
this country in 1677 from Dublin, Ireland, and 
settled at Salem, New Jersey. Their children 
were: i. Job. referred to below. 2. John, 
died in infancy. 3. Josiah, deceased. 4. 
.Maurice, deceased. 5. (leorge W'.. now living 
in York, New Jersey. 

( \' ) Job (3), son of John and .\nn (Hall ) 
Bacon, was born' at Greenwich, New Jersey, 
lie was a farmer and at one time engaged in 
the vegetable canning business. He married 
Rachel, daughter of Moses, Jr., and Ann 
(Bacon) Sheppard. his half first cousin. Her 
grandfather Closes, Sr., was the son of John 
and IViscilla (Wood) Sheppard, and her 
grandnidther the daughter of Charles and Re- 
becca (Miller) Bacon. Charles Bacon was 
the grandson of John and Elizabeth ( Smith ) 
Bacon, referred to in the first generation. Chil- 
dren of Job and Rachel (Sheppard) Bacon 
were: i. John Murray, living in Boston, Mass- 
achusetts, and engaged in the paint and oil 
business: married a Miss I'ailey, of Philadel- 
])hia, and has one son, (ieorge. 2. Anna 
Thompson, born in 1856; unmarried. 3. Caro- 
line Wood, died in 1893; married William 
Bacon, no relation. 4. (ieorge Sheppard, re- 
ferred to below. 

( \T ) George Shep])ard, youngest child of 
Job (3) antl Rachel (Sheppard) Bacon, was 
born in Greenwich, Cumberland county. New 
Jersey, August 23, 1864, and is now living in 
Millville, New Jersey. His mother died when 
her son was about three years old. For his 
early education he attended the public schools 
of (Greenwich and Bacon's Neck, New Jersey, 
and the boarding school at Westtown. Penn- 
sylvania. After leaving school he entered the 
office of Whitall, Tatum & Company, of Phila- 
delphia, where he remained for about a year 
and then was transferred to the office of the 
same firm at their works in Millville. By 
faithful service as boy and man for this firm 
he won his promotion from grade to grade 
until he has now reached his present position 
of general manager and superintendent of the'ir 
large glass works, and has become a stock- 
holder in the corporation. Mr. Bacon is a 
memljer of the Societv of Friends, as have been 

all of his family back of him, and in politics he is 
a Republican. He is a director of the West 
Jersey and Seashore Railroad Company. 

In November, 1889. George Sheppard Bacon 
married Rebecca, daughter of Lorenzo and 
Hannah ]\Iulford. Her father is a contractor 
of Millville. They have four children: i. 
Margaret Mickle, born March 23, i8gi ; now 
at Miss Lord's private school at Stamford, 
Connecticut. 2. Job Lawrence, November 24. 
1892 ; now at the Penn Charter School in Phila- 
delphia. 3. Caroline Wood. August zj, 1894. 
4. Elizabeth Mickle, August 3, 1900. 

F"or many years the Sherk family 
.SHERK has left its impress upon the his- 
tory and institutions of Lebanon 
county. Pennsylvania, and it is rather with that 
state than with New Jersey that its affiliations 
ought to be found. Dr. Harry Huber Sherk, 
however, has already added to New Jersey's 
roll of honor the name of his family, and it is 
impossible to speak of the representative men 
of Camden, New Jersey, without giving some 
account of what he is and has done. Dr. Sherk 
is the grandson of Casper Sherk, and the son 
of Abraham and Rebecca (Huber) Sherk, of 
Lebanon county, Pennsylvania, where he was 
born March 24, 1859. His mother was the 
daughter of Abraham Huber, of Chambers- 
burg, I'^ranklin county, Pennsylvania. His 
father was born August 12, 1809, in Lebanon 

Dr. Slierk was sent for his early education 
to the public schools of Lebanon county, and 
then entered the Lebanon \'al!ey College at 
.■\nvil. Pennsylvania. After leaving this insti- 
tution he v.ent to the College of Pharmacy at 
Philadelphia, where he graduated with the 
degree of Ph. G. He then went to the Jeffer- 
son Medical College, of Philadelphia, from 
which he received his M. D. degree in 1886. 
immediately after which he came to Camden. 
New Jersey, where he became connected with 
the dispensary of the Cooper Hospital. After 
remaining here for a time, he set up in the 
general practice of his profession in Camden, 
where he has remained ever since. His prac- 
tice rapidly increased, and his pleasing person- 
ality, skill in the treatment of disease, and 
acumen in diagnosis, rapidly brought him suc- 
cess and a most lucrative practice. In the 
medical society to which he belongs he is re- 
garded as one of the great authorities and hi-; 
opinion carries the greatest weight. He is a 
member of the New Jersey State Medical 
.Association. Camden Count)- Medical Society, 



Camden City Medical Society and State Medi- 
cal Society. In politics he is an independent. He 
was one of the organizers of the East Side 
Trust Company, of Camden, New Jersey, and 
from its organization has been a member of 
the corporation board of managers and 
directors. He is a director in the East Side 
Building Association, of Camden. 

Harry Huber Sherk, M. D., married Emma 
Katharine, daughter of Andrew Light, of Leb- 
anon county, Pennsylvaniay where she was 
born March 21, i860. Children: i. Kath- 
arine Rebecca, born May 15, i888. 2. Helen 
Emma, July 13, 1891. 3. Clara Louise, 1892, 
died aged seventeen months. 4. Abraham Lin- 
coln, .August 29, 1896. 3. Mary Alice, Decem- 
ber 5, 1902. 

The Roberts family of New 
1<( )l')I''I'iTS Jersey is another instance of 

the men who sought peace and 
prosperity anil the free exercise of their newly 
acc|uired religious convictions in the Quaker 
colonies of West Jerse\-, the founder of the 
family being among those who came over to 
the new world in the second ship which left 
English ports for the Delaware. 

(I) John Roberts and his wife, Sarah, be- 
longed to the parish of Ourton, county W'ar- 
wick, England, and having been converted to 
the tenets of (Jeorge Vox they embarked for 
West Jersey in the ship "Kent" and landed at 
.Xew Castle on the Delaware in August, 1677, 
with the first shipload of settlers sent out by 
the pro]irietors. He was a farmer, and settled 
on two hundred and si-xty-seven acres which 
he had surveyed to him on the north branch 
of the I'enisaukin creek, living with his family 
in a cave until his log house could be erected, 
lie afterwards had other tracts of land sur- 
\eye(l for him further up the stream and 
reaching into l'".vesham township. In 1682 he 
and William Matlack and Timothy Hancock 
established the h'riends meeting called the 
.Adams meeting. 11 is house was built near the 
present turnjjike between Moorestown and 
Camden. His widow, who survived him many 
years, was an exceptionally bright and clever 
woman with a keen intellect and a remarkable 
business ability. In \Cx)6 she signed the agree- 
ment as one of the taxpayers when the town- 
shi]) of Chester was organized, and she was 
one of the grantees of the land for the Adams 
meeting burying ground in 1700. John Rob- 
erts died in 1695, intestate, the inventory of 
his estate being made May 7, and letters of 
administration being granted to his widow 

October 12, of that year. John and Sarah 
Roberts had four children: 1. John, referred 
to below. 2. Sarah, married, in 1705, Enoch 
Core. 3. Hannah, married (first) 1699, Sam- 
uel Burrough. and (second) in 1733, Richard 
Bidgood. 4. Alary, married, in 1699, Thomas, 
son of Thomas and Ann Eves, the emigrants. 

(H) John (2), the only son of John (i) 
and .Sarah Roberts, died September 9, 1747, 
and was buried in Moorestown, where his wife 
was afterwards laid beside him. He was a 
prosjjerous farmer and business man. In 1736 
he erected on the property which he inheiited 
from his father the large brick house which 
the family have owned for several generations 
and which is still standing and known by his 
name. His widow died February 11, 1759. 
He married in the Chester Friends meeting in 
1712, Mary, daughter of George Elkinton, 01 
Burlington, the emigrant, and had eight chil- 
dren: 1. John. 2. Joshua, referred to below. 
3. Mary, married Thomas, son of Henry antl 
Elizabeth (Austin) Warrington. 4. Sarah, 
married William, son of Thomas and Esther 
(Haines) Evans. 5. Enoch, married Rachel, 
daughter of Samuel and Mary (Kendall) 
Coles. 6. Hannah, married Isaac, son of 
Thomas and Esther (Haines) Evans. 7. Eliz- 
abeth, married Eienjamin, son of Abram and 
(irace ( HoUingshead) Haines. 8. Deborah. 

(Ill) Joshua, son of John (2) and Mary 
(Elkinton) Roberts, was born Alay 27, 1715; 
died January 28, 1795. In 1741 he married 
Rebecca, daughter of Joseph and Judith ( Lip- 
pincott ) Stokes, born March 28, 1720, diet! 
November, 1815. Children: i. John, married 
I'hebe .Andrews. 2. Samuel, married Eliza- 
beth Shute. 3. Rebecca, married Hugh, son 
of Thomas and Mary (Burden) Cowperthwait 
and grandson of John and Sarah (Adams) 
Cowperthwait. 4. William, married Elizabeth 
( irinslade. 5. Josejjh, referred to below. 6. 
Josluia. died unmarried. 

(1\') Joseph, son of Joshua and Rebecca 
I .'^tokes ) Roberts, was born June 8, 1742, dietl 
I'ebruary 2j. 1826. He was a farmer, one of 
the leading men in his township, and lived in 
the house built in 1736 by his grandfather, 
lie married .Susaiuia. born Octobei 3, 1731, 
died .Sejitember 29, 1828. daughter of Kendall 
Cole and .Ann. daughter of William Budd and 
Elizabeth, daughter of Richard and Abigail 
Stockton, the emigrants. William was the son 
of William and .Aim (Clapgut) lUidd, the emi- 
grants ; and Kendall was the son of .Samuel 
C'ole and .Mary, daughter of Thomas Kendall, 
tlie iniigrant. and Mary, daughter of Francis 



concerns. He married, in England, Sarah 
I'laskett, who also was born in England. Their 
children were : John, Edward, George and 
,\nn, all born in Burlington. 

( II) George, son of Christopher ami Sarah 
I riaskett ) Rigg, was born in Burlington, New 
Jersey, January 14, 1846, graduated from 
I'rinceton College in 1867, and afterward ac- 
<|uired considerable celebrity as a pedagogue, 
while as a mathematician he became famous. 
He taught school in Burlington county and also 
at the I'eini Charter school in Philadelphia, 
and while he excelled especially as a teacher 
of matliematics he was equally proficient as a 
teacher of languages, Latin, Greek and P>ench. 
In politics he was a Republican and frequently 
was chosen to serve in some public capacity. 
During the greater part of his life he was a 
justice of the peace, also served as island man- 
ager, tax collector, member of the board of 
education, and during two terms was mayor 
of the city of Burlington. As a man of su- 
perior educational attainments and high char- 
acter he was much respected in the community 
in which he lived. He was an Odd Fellow and 
member of the Knights of the Golden Eagle. 
Mr. Rigg died in March, 1897. He married 
Ellen F. Estilow, born Burlington, April 7, 
1847, daughter of Christopher and Sarah 
(Lowden) Estilow. Children: i. Annie, born 
August 14, 1868; married Thomas Antrim, a 
farmer of Burlington, now dead; one child, 
Martha E. Antrim. 2. Sarah Jane, born Sep- 
tember 10, 1870; married Edward Tyler, of 
Burlington, an engraver ; two children : Paul 
R. Tyler, born July 14, 1895; Blair W. Tyler, 
born October, 1902. 3. G. Harry, born Aj^ril 
I. 1872; died July, 1908; was a harness maker. 
4. Charles A., born August 9, 1875 ; deputy 
surrogate of Burlington county ; married Grace 
Kimball, of Philadelphia. 5. George P., born 
1877; an engraver, and lives in Philadelphia; 
married Elizabeth Wiest, and has one child, 
Milton W. Rigg. 6. Ellen E., born 1880; mar- 
ried LaRoy C. \'an Rensselaer, of Pennsyl- 
vania, an electrical engineer and bookkeeper. 
7. Budd Marter, born August 10, 1883; see 
post. 8. Kate P., born 1885 ; lives with her 
mother. 9. John, born September, 1887 ; drug- 
gist in Burlington. 

(IH) Budd Marter, son of George and 
Ellen F. (Estilow) Rigg, was born in Burling- 
ton, New Jersey, August 10, 1883, and acquired 
his earlier literary education in public schools 
and the Van Rensselaer Seminary, Burlington, 
from the latter of which he was graduated in 

1902. He took up the study of law with Jo- 
seph H. Gaskill, of Camden, attended lectures 
at the Philadelphia Law School, and was ad- 
mitted as an attorney in 1905, and as counsellor 
in 1908. He practiced for a time in Camden 
in asssociation with Judge Gaskill, his former 
preceptor, but soon afterward opened offices 
for himself in both Burlington and Camden. 
Mr. Rigg is a Republican in politics, member 
of the board of aldermen of Burlington; mem- 
ber of Burlington Lodge, No. 32, F. and A. 
M. ; Phoenix Lodge, No. 92, L O. O. F. ; Hope 
Lodge, No. 13, K, of P., and of Evening Star 
Council, No. 38, Jr. O. U. A. M. 

He married, June 11, 1905, Elsie R. Alorton, 
born October 31, 1882, daughter of Newton and 
Mary (Applegate) Morton, of Florence, New 

This is a name seldom met 
WHOMSLEY in the records of this coun- 
try, but is an ancient one in 
England, although not borne by a large num- 
ber of persons. The first record of this family 
is the fact that one Richard Whomsley was in 
the service of the English sovereign in 1650; 
there are persons of this name living at the 
present time in the city of Manchester, in Lan- 
cashire, England. 

( I ) William Whomsley, the first of this 
family to emigrate to America, was born in 
1789, in England, and came to America about 
the year 1831, probably settling in Philadelphia. 
He first engaged in the manufacture of woolen 
and cotton products, and afterwards removed 
to Trenton, New Jersey, where he embarked 
in the grocery business, and remained until his 
death, September 15, 1863. He married Mary 
Potter, who was also born in England, and was 
the daughter of an Episcopal clergyman. They 
had four children, all born in England — John 
Potter, William, Thomas and Annie. 

(II) John Potter, son of William and Mary 
(Potter) Whomsley, was born October 4, 
1828, in Bolton, Lancashire, England, and died 
at (iraniteville, South Carolina, September i, 
1897. l"is ^^^^ about three years of age when 
he accompanied his parents to America. After 
an education received in the public schools, 
he learned the business of machinist, and espe- 
cially as regards stationary engines. In 1870 
he became employed by the firm of Sleeper, 
Wells & Aldrich, of Burlington, New Jersey, 
rtmning their stationary engines, and after 
remaining with them for six years removed 
to Graniteville, South Carolina, where he was 



employed in the same capacity by the (iranite- 
ville Alanufactiiring Company. He was an 
Independent in politics, an Episcopalian, and 
a member of Sampson Lodge, Knights of 
Pythias, of I'hiladeliihia. He married Martha 
Shaw, <laiighter of Jesse and ^lary Cox, born 
May 12, \^2~. at Kensington, Pennsylvania, 
died October 4, 1865, and they had nine 
(laughters and one son, five of whom died in in- 
fancy . Among their children were : Mary, 
who tlied yoimg : Emma, deceased: Kate: Ida, 
deceased : and Cjeorge Cox. 

(Ill) (ieorge Cox, only son and seventh 
child of John Potter and Martha Shaw (Cox) 
Whomsley, was born Augtist 18, 1857, at Nor- 
folk. \ irginia, and received his education in 
tlie common schools. Mount \ernon school, 
and in the schools of Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, and lUirlington, New Jersey, lie learned 
the business of plumbing, and has made same 
his occupation ever since, going into business 
on his own account I'ebruary 5, 1898, at Bur- 
lington, since which time he has met with very 
good success. He is an interprising and use- 
ful citizen, and is interested in public move- 
ments and improvements. For thirty-five 
years he has been a member of the Baptist 
church, and has served several years as asso- 
ciate superintendent of its Sunday school. He 
served one year as deputy sheriff of Mt. Holly, 
and is secretary^ of the water board of Burling- 
ton, which city is his present residence. He is 
a member of the order of .Ancient Free and 
Accei)ted Masons, being affiliated with P)ur- 
lington Lodge, No. t^2, Boudinot Royal Arch 
Chapter, No, 3, and Helena Commandery, No. 
^. Knights Templar : he is also a member of 
I'.urlington Lodge, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, No. 22, and Hope Lodge, No. 13, 
Knights of I'ythias. 

Air. Whomsley married (first) Novemljer 
I, 1880, Louisa Powell, daughter of John and 
(jrace A. Allen, of Burlington, New Jersey, 
who died October 26, 18H2, and he married 
( secontl) September 30, 1884, Mary Ella, 
ilaughter of Joseph and Margaret Poole 
Kaighn, of Burlington, By his second wife he 
had children as follows : i Joseph Howard, 
born November 25, 1885, is at present em- 
ployed as pipe ins])ector by W. R. Conard, of 
Burlington : he married Josephine, daughter 
of Harry and Margaret W'oolman. 2. Edward 
Clemence, January 2, 1888, is associated with 
his father in the plumbing business. 3. John 
Albert. April 2, 1894. 4. James Madison Hare, 
April II, 1895. 5. George Allinson, October 
21, 1901. 

That the name of Barrows is 
B.\RRO\VS prominent in English history 
and genealogy is attested by 
at least twelve coats-of-arms, extant, dating 
from 1500 on. The names Barrow, Barowe 
and Alborough were of the same origin, De 
P>urgh. Burg de Burgh was created a peer in 
1327. In 1487 we find reference to Thomas 
Burg or Borough, Baron, In Lincolnshire, 
England, in the Church of Wynthorpe is a 
monumental bronze in memory of Richard 
Barrows "sumtyme merchant of the stayples 
of Calys" who died in 1505. Richard, in his 
will, dated 1502, names three sons: Thomas, 
John and Richard. Dr. Isaac Barrow was a 
son of Thomas, linen draper to Charles I, and 
he may have been a descendant of Thomas, son 
of Richard, buried at \\'inthrop. In 1477 a 
grant of arms was made to Thomas liarowe 
and his heirs. In the time of Richard HI, 
1483-85, Thomas Barrowe, brother of Rich- 
ard, merchant of Calais, was made master of 
Rolls. One of the early Puritan martyrs exe- 
cuted with John Greenwood, April 6, 1593, 
was Henry Barrowe, "son of a gentleman of 
Norfolk." The family living in Norfolk and 
Suffolk uniformly spell the name Barowe and 
Barrowe, while the family, numerous in other 
parts of England, spell it Barrow. The first 
-American ancestor of the family is recorded 
in the Rolls Office in London as John Barowe 
(q. v). He was of Yarmouth, the cliief sea- 
port of Norfolk county. 

(I) Copying from the Rolls Office, Chan- 
cery Lane, London, a large volume bound in 
vellum, contains among the names of some 
of the early immigrants bound for Virginia, 
under date May 13, 1635, "Jo: Barrowe aged 
26 years, embarked in the "Plaine Joan" the 
portico having brought attestation of their 
confirniities to orders and discipline of the 
Church of England," "May 10, 1637, is 
recorded in the examination of John Borowe 
of Yarmouth, Cooper, aged 28 years and Anne 
his wife aged 40 years — desirous to pass to 
Salem in New England, there to inhabit." The 
ship on which they reached Salem was prob- 
ably the "Mary Ann." Captain William Goose, 
master. The records of Salem. August 14, 
1637. state : "Jno. Barows is received an 
inhabitant of Salem, and is alowed five acres 
of land" and on November 9: "Jno ISarrowes 
is allowed ten acres, with his former five." 
-Subsequently we find "Jno. Burroes is alowed 
one half acre of marsh and salt meadow land." 
This was the usual allowance for two persons, 
and probably was for himself and his first 


wife whom he married in England and brouglit 
to America, and by whom he had one child. 
Robert (q. v.). On March 25, 1644, he is 
made surveyor of fences in place of Thomas 
Weeks. We find no further records in Salem 
of his name, which is in each place spelled 
differently. We next find him in Plymouth 
records, March 6, 1665-66, where he is fined 
by the court ten shillings for refusing to give 
evidence in the grant inquest. February 15, 
1668, the list of townsmen include John Bar- 
row and the record of voters in town meeting 
June 16. 1668, gives the names of John Barow 
and Robert Barrows (no doubt father and 
son). April 9, 1684, the town laid out to 
John Barrow ten acres of upland against his 
meadow on the northeast side of the river. 
The will of John Barrow executed January 
12, 1691-92, and on record in Plymouth, names 
his eldest son Robert, and other sons Benajah. 
Joshua and Ebenezer, not then of age, and 
mentions two daughters and his loving wife 
whom he appoints sole administratrix of the 
will. He signs the will with an S mark, and it 
is witnessed by John Gray and the T mark of 
John Barrows, the eldest son of his son 
Robert, who was at that time twenty-four 
years of age. The children of John, the immi- 
grant, and Deborah Barrow, named in his will, 
were probably in the following order: i. 
Robert. 2. Joshua, who married Deliverance 
Wedge, and died about 1750. 3. Benajah, 
born 1683, married (first) Lydia Buckler; 
(second) Elizabeth Lincoln; ( third j Hannah 
Bennett. 4. Ebenezer, married Elizabeth 
Lynn. His two daughters were : 5. Deborah, 
who married Archippus Fulton, of Plympton, 
December 20, 1687, and had children. 6. 
Mary, who married John Wormall, of Dux- 
bury, January, 1698, and removed to Bridge- 
water, and had five children. John Barrow- 
died March 12, 1692. and his will was proved 
before William Bradford, Esq., deputy gov- 
ernor of Plymouth Colony, and Ephraim Mor- 
ton, assistant, April 6, 1692. 

ill) Robert Barrows, only son of John and 
Anne Barrow, was born probably in Salem, 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, and removed with 
his father to Plymouth Colony, the immigrant 
evidently not finding the Puritanical atmos- 
phere of Salem to agree with churchmanship. 
He married (first) November 28, 1666, Ruth, 
daughter of George and Sarah (Morton) 
Bonum. of Plymouth. His homestead in Ply- 
mouth contained tw^o or more acres of ground 
on the northerly side of Mill street, then a 
common road leading into Plymouth, and 

afterwards known as the King's Highway, and 
now Summer street. This estate was conveyed 
to Robert Barrows, January 30, 1669, by 
George Bonum, and bounded by: "ye Great 
street on ye Southerly side of ye town of Ply- 
mouth, and by ye street that goeth up from 
ye grist mill to ye Fort Hill so called with ye 
dwelling house therein." The original will of 
Robert Barrows is on file in the Plymouth 
probate office. It is dated December 9, 1707, 
and signed "T the mark of Robert Barrows." 
It mentions by name his wife Lydia, who was 
his second wife, to whom he was married 
probably 1684-85, and two only of his sons: 
Robert and Thomas. In a codicil he makes no 
mention of the children by his first wife "be- 
cause they have already received their pore- 
lions of his estate" but names "Elisha and my 
daughters by my second wife." Lydia, daugh- 
ter of John Dunham, who was his second wife, 
is made executrix of the will w-hich was pro- 
bated December 19, 1707, before Nathaniel 
Thomas, judge. The children of Robert and 
Ruth (Bonum) Barrows were born at the 
homestead in Plymouth as follows: i. John, 
born 1667, who married ( first j Sarah Briggs, 
and (second) in 1714, Bethia King; resided in 
Plymouth and Plympton ; he died in 1720. 2. 
Eliezer, September 15, 1669, died December, 
1669. 3. George, 1670, married three times; 
died in Plympton, ^lassachusetts, 1758. 4. 
Samuel. 1672, married (first) Mercy Coombs; 
( second ) Joanna Smith ; died in Middleboro, 
Massachusetts, December 30, 1755. 5. Mehit- 
able, married, June 20, 1717, Adam Wright, 
and were first settlers of Plympton. The chil- 
dren of Robert and Lydia ( Dunham) Bar- 
rows were: 6. Elisha, March 17, 1686, died 
1689. 7. Robert, November 8, 1689, married 
Bethia Ford, lived in Plymouth, Massachu- 
setts, and in Mansfield, Connecticut, where he 
died August 17, 1779. 8. Thankful, Decem- 
ber 8, 1692, married, February 11, 1713-14, 
Isaac King. 9. Elisha, June 16, 1695, married 

(first) Thankful , and (second) Nellie 

•; died in Rochester, Massachusetts. 10. 

Thomas, February 14, 1697 (q. v.). 11. Lydia. 
March 19, 1699, married, October 11, 1720, 
Thomas Branch, of Plymouth, where she lived 
and died. 

(Ill) Thomas, the eighth son and tenth 
child of Robert Barrows, and the fourth son 
of Robert and Lydia ( Dunham) Barrows, was 
born in Plymouth, Massachusetts, February 
14, 1697. removed with his father and family 
to Mansfield, Connecticut, about 1720. where 
he died October 28, 1776. He was married 


Tune 14, 1721, to Esther Mall, and they had 
nine children born in Mansfield, Connecticut, 
as follows : i. Samuel. August 10, 1722, a pri- 
vate in Captain Hanchett's company, Second 
Regiment, taken prisoner at Quebec, Decem- 
ber .^i, 1775. 2. Isaac (q. v.). 3. John. July 22. 
1727. 4. Greshom, April 19, 1730; served as 
ensign for eight days in the American revolu- 
tion. 5. Hannah, June 11, 1732. 6. John, 
July 13, 1734. 7- Elisha, December 20, 1736. 
8. Estlier. December 16, 1739. 9. Thomas. 
September 20, 1742; he served at Saratoga, 
New York, as private for twenty-six days, 
corporal in the American revolution in Captain 
Gallup's regiment, discharged November 5, 
1777. Esther (Hall) Barrows, the mother of 
these children, was received in the Congrega- 
tional church in Mansfield, 1722. She died in 
Mansfield, Connecticut. 

(I\') Isaac, second son of Thomas and 
Esther (Hall) Barrows, was born in j\Ians- 
field, Connecticut, April i, 1725. He was 
married on July 13, 1764, to Rebeckah, daugh- 
ter of John Turner, Isaac Barrows was a lieu- 
tenant in the revolutionary army, serving for 
three days as lieutenant, and as private in 
Tenth Company, Captain Ripley Huntington's 
eighth regiment, from July 28, 1775, to De- 
cember 18, 1775. Lieutenant Isaac and Re- 
beckah (Turner) Barrows were the parents of 
eleven children, born in Mansfield, Connecti- 
cut, as follows: i. Roger, June 4, 1765. 2. 
John (q. v.). 3. Jesse, October 28, 1770. 4. 
Sybil, April 5, 1773. 5. Jabez, July 14, 1775. 
6. Sybil, April 26, 1778. 7. Jesse, October 24, 
1780. 8. Juliana, February 11, 1783-84. 9. 
Leandcr, December 28, 1785. 10. Stephen, 
November 24, 1789. 11. Polly, April 26, 1792. 

(V) John (2), second son of Lieutenant 
Isaac and Rebeckah (Turner) Barrows, was 
born in Mansfield, Connecticut, August 30, 
1767. He was a farmer, reinoved to Willing- 
ton, Connecticut, i)robably before his marriage, 
and the birth of his children, as we find no 
record of him in Mansfield, Connecticut, rec- 
ords, except his birth, and he removed to New 
York state before his death. He had five chil- 
dren born probably in Willington, Connecticut, 
as follows: i. John. 2. Orrin. 3. Aimer (c]. 

V. ). 4. Lucinda, who married I'eckham. 

5. Kate, w-ho married Phelps, and their 

son, William Pitt Phelps, settled in Mcrchant- 
ville, New Jersey. 

(VI) Aimer, third son of John Barrows, 
was bom in Willington, Connecticut, July 5, 
1794. He attended the district school, and 
learned the trade of comb maker, at which 

trade he worked until he was past middle life. 
He owned a farm at Willington, Connecticut, 
and carried it on while pursuing his trade as 
comb maker, as was customary with mechan- 
ics, who owned farms, so as to have profitable 
work both winter and sumnier. He was an 
active member of the Democratic party in 
Connecticut, and his church affiliation was 
with the Methodist denomination. He mar- 
ried, 1822, Serepta, daughter of Don Ferdi- 
nand and (Palmer) Brigham, of Cov- 
entry, Connecticut, her ancestors being origi- 
nal settlers of Coventry. Serepta Brigham 
was born in 1804, and died in 1861. The chil- 
dren of Aimer and Serepta (Brigham) Bar- 
rows w^ere born in Willington, Connecticut, 
as follows: i. Don Brigham. 2. Serepta. 3. 
Henrietta. 4. Emily. 5. Walter Aimer (q. v.). 
.\lmer Barrows late in life retired from busi- 
ness and removed to Mt. Holly, New Jersey, 
his wife having died in 1861, and his four 
eldest children being also deceased, to spend 
his last days with his youngest son. Captain 
Walter .Aimer Barrow's, who resided in that 
place, where he was practicing law, and he 
died at the home of his son in Mt. Holly, New 
Jersey, 1876, in the eighty-second year of his 

(VII) \\'alter Aimer, second son and 
youngest child of .-Mmcr and Serepta (Brig- 
ham) Barrows, was born in Willington, Con- 
necticut, December 2"/, 1839. He was prepared 
for teaching in the public schools of his native 
town, and when seventeen years of age he 
taught a district school in Willington, Con- 
necticut, for two years, and- for one year in 
Cape May, New Jersey; in 1859-60 he attend- 
ed an academy at Monson, Ma-ssachusetts, to 
belter fit himself as a teacher. He was teach- 
ing at Cape May in 1861, when the civil war 
called him from the sc1kk)1 room to the defence 
of his country on the battle line, and he enlist- 
ed .'\ugust 23, 1861, in Company A, Seventh 
New Jersey Volunteers, and he accompanied 
the regiment to Virginia and became a part of 
the Army of the Potomac under General 
George B. McClellan. He took an active part 
with his regiment in the battles of Yorktown, 
W'illiamsburg and Fair Oaks. The hardships 
of the soldier in that active campaign in the 
swamps of Virginia rendered him physically 
incapacitated for further service, and he was 
honorably discharged from active service No- 
vember II, 1862. He was sent to the United 
States Hospital at Newark, New Jersey, and 
having recruited his strength and health he 
was discharged from hospital, and again offer- 



ed his services to the government. He was 
commissioned by President Lincoln captain of 
Company C, One Hundred and Fifteentli 
United States Colored troops, July, 1864, was 
stationed at Bowling Green, Kentucky, guard- 
ing railroad communication. He joined the 
Army of the James with the colored regiment 
in February, 1865, and took part in the san- 
guinary, but decisive battle that led to the fall 
of Richmond. In the occupation of the Con- 
federate capital, he took an active part with his 
regiment in putting out the fires kindled by the 
retiring army of General Lee, and thus saved 
much valuable property. In May, 1865, he 
resigned his commission, but was re-appointed 
captain of a company in the Fifth Regiment, 
United States Colored troops, and he was with 
the regiment at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, 
in November, 1865, when he was honorably 
discharged from the United States volunteer 
service. He passed two years as an invalid 
at Cape May, New Jersey, and in 1868 he took 
charge of Aaron's select school for boys at 
Mt. Holly, New Jersey, in which school he 
successfully taught for three years. He at the 
same time took up the study of law, and he 
was admitted to the New Jersey bar as an 
attorney-at-law in 1873, and he took up the 
practice of his new profession in Mt. Holly. 
He served as county superintendent of schools, 
1873-76. In 1876 he was admitted as a coun- 
sellor-at-la\v, and in 1879 was made a special 
master and supreme court cominissioner and 
notary public. In 1905 he also opened a 
branch law office at Riverside, New Jersey. In 
the New Jersey state militia he was captain of 
Company F, Seventh Regiment, and took an 
active interest in sustaining the espirit de 
corps of the state militia. His military service 
to the United States secured him comradeship 
in the General Shiras Post, No. 26, Grand 
Army of the Republic, and a companionship 
in the Pennsylvania Commandery of the Mili- 
tary Order of the Loyal Legion of the United 

His fraternal affiliations include membership 
in Mt. Holly Lodge, No. 19, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, since 1868. He joined 
Cape Island Lodge, No. 30, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons, Cape May, New Jersey, 
and was transferred to Riverside Lodge, No. 
187, and he is a member of Boudinot Royal 
Arch Chapter, No. 3, Burlington, and Helena 
Commandery, Knights Templar of Burling- 
ton, and is past eminent commander of the 
Commandery. In the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, he became past grand master work- 

man of the district including the states of New 
Jersey, Delaware, Maryland and Virginia. He 
also represented Pocahontas Tribe, No. 18, in 
the United States Great Council of the Im- 
proved Order of Red Men, in two councils. 
He held the high office of grand chief of the 
Order of Knights of the Golden Eagle of New 
Jersey for the years 1895-96, through his 
membership in New Jersey Castle No. 4 of Mt. 
Holly. He is also a member of the Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks, Mt. Holly 
sub-lodge, No. 848. He is a Democrat in polit- 
ical faith. His church affiliation is w'ith the 
Presbyterian church, and he is president of the 
board of trustees of the church in Mt. Holly. 
He married (first) December g, 1862, Mary 
H., daughter of Judge Eli B. and Sarah 
(Hughes) Wales, of Cape May, New Jersey, 
and the children born of this marriage are: i. 
Walter Aimer (2), born in Cape May, New 
Jersey, December 31, 1865; graduated from 
Rutger's College, B. S., 1886, a chemist by 
profession, and interested in developing iron 
and copper industries with headquarters in 
Cleveland, Ohio ; he married, September 28, 
1888, Sarah Byers, of Cleveland, and they 
have two children : W' alter Aimer (2) and 
Donald. These children represent the ninth 
generation from John Barrows, Salem, Massa- 
chusetts Bay Colony, 1635. 2. Helen Work, 
born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, October, 
i8()7, married (first) Charles K. Chambers, of 
Mt. Holly, New Jersey; children: Mary and 
Frances Chambers. After the decease of the 
father of these children she married (second) 
Joshua E. Borton, of Moorestown, New Jer- 
sey, attorney, president of the Security Trust 
Company of Camden, New Jersey. 3. Mary 
W'ales, born Mt. Holly, New Jersey, March 8, 
1876, married the Rev. James Harvey Dun- 
ham, pastor of the Presbyterian church at Mt. 
Holly, and their son. Barrows Dunham, was 
born October 10, 1905. The mother, Mary H. 
Wales Barrows, died March 3, 1902, and was 
buried at the Brick Church at Cape May, New 
Jersey. Her husband married as his second 
wife on August 22, 1907, Amanda L. Bishop, 
widow of James Bramoll, and they reside at 
Riverside, New Jersey. 

Charles Shoemaker Burley de- 
BURLEY scends in the fourth generation 

from John Burley, a brave sol- 
dier of the revolution, serving from Connecti- 
cut, and the first of the family to settle in 
South Jersey. John Burley was reared in the 
town of Greenwich, Connecticut, where he was 



burn about tbe j'ear 1760. On January 1, 
1777, he enlisted in the Continental army, join- 
ing Colonel Lamb's Connecticut Artillery. He 
served from that date until the close of the war 
in 1783. He came to New Jersey about the 
year 1787 and settled in Cape May county, 
where he died from the effects of a sunstroke, 
October i, 1802. He married Phoebe Breen, 
daughter of William Breen, of Egg Harbor. 
New Jersey. W'illiam Breen was also a 
patriot although it is not known that he was an 
enlisted soldier. He was one of a number of 
patriots in South Jersey who used their knowl- 
edge of the bays and inlets of the coast to lay 
in wait for and capture British vessels that 
ventured near their retreats. On one occasion 
he was captured by the enemy although he had 
assisted in the successful capture of many 

(Hj John (2), son of John (i) and Phoebe 
(Breen) Burley, was born in Cape May county. 
New Jersey, January i, 1803. He was left an 
orphan the following year, his father dying 
October i, 1802. But little can be told of his 
early life further than that he was a ship car- 
penter and followed that tlien lucrative trade 
all his life. He became an owner of vessels 
and with his sons built and owned many. He 
died in the county of his birth, December 16, 
1875. He married Roxana Champion, of 
Tuckahoe, New Jersey, July 14, 1827. Chil- 
dren : I. Joseph Champion, see forward. 2. 
and 3. died in childhood. 4. John, Jr. 5. 
Nathan, deceased. 6. Sallie (Mrs. Benjamin 
Weathcrley, of Tuckahoe, New Jersey). 7. 
Julia M. (Mrs. Richard Townsend). 8. Mary 
(Mrs. .Samuel Cham]Mon). 9. William, a min- 
ister of the Methodist Episcopal church, be- 
longing to the Newark conference. 

(HI) Joseph Champion, eldest son of John 
(2) and Ro.xana (Champion) Burley, was 
born in Tuckahoe, New Jersey, 1828, died in 
1903. He was educated in the common schools, 
and learned tlie trade of a ship carpenter under 
the instruction of his father with whom he and 
his brother were joint owners of considerable 
vessel ])roperty. In 1865 he went to Philatlel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, where he was employed 
at his trade in the navy yard and at Cramp's 
shij) yard as well as at Coopers Point, Camden. 
In his later years he removed to Ocean City, 
New Jersey, which was his home until deatli. 
He was a Re])ublican in political faith, and a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
where he served as both steward and trustee. 
He married, in 1850, Sallie Wheaton, born in 
Tuckahoe, New Jersey, 1832, daughter of 

Everett and Sarah Wheaton. Children: i. 
Adelia, born in 1852, married James A. De- 
laney, of Camden, New Jersey, and has Emma, 
Howard and Cora Delaney. 2. Lizzie, de- 
ceased ; she married Samuel Whittaker, of 
Williamstown, New Jersey. 3. Charles Shoe- 
maker, see forward. 4. ^lilton, married Ella 
Wilson. 5. Enoch W. 6. Margaret, marrietl 
Ira Wells. 

(IV) Charles Shoemaker, eldest son and 
third child of Joseph Champion and Sallie 
(Wheaton) Burley, was born in Cumberland 
county. New Jersey, October 31, 1858. His 
education was obtained in the schools of Cam- 
tlen, New Jersey, which was his home for 
many years and where he gained his first busi- 
ness experience. He was employed as a gro- 
cery clerk in that city for ten years, until 1883, 
when he oj)ened a grocer)' store on his own 
account in the city of Bristol, Pennsylvania. 
This store was a success and encouraged Mr. 
Burley to expand and extend his business. In 
1889, in company with his brother-in-law, 
Samuel \\ hittaker, he opened a grocery store 
in Trenton, New Jersey, to which was added 
others until they had in successful operation 
five stores, three in Trenton and two in Bristol. 
In 1901 he removed to Camden and was there 
engaged in the grocery business for two years. 
On March 26, 1903, he opened his present 
store in ]^)Urlington, New Jersey, where he is 
further interested in business along other lines 
than the grocery. Mr. Burley adheres to both 
the political and religious faith of his forbears. 
He votes with the Republican party, and wor- 
ships with the congregation of the Broad Street 
Methodist Church in Burlington, also serving 
as a stewaril on the official board. 

Mr. Burley married, January 11, 1S87, 
Emma B. Moore, of Salem, New Jersey, 
daughter of Joseph Franklin Moore. Children : 
I. Edna, born at Bristol, Pennsylvania, 1888, 
died in infancy. 2. Russell Leroy, born in 
Trenton, New Jersey, May 23, 1889, was 
educated in the I'urlington high school, Drexel 
Institute, I'hiladelphia, Pennsylvania, and at 
the Trenton Business College. 

The family liere described were liv- 
.SACK ing in that part of Russia which 
borders Prussia, in the seventeenth 
century. In .Xmerica they have made for 
themselves a place in business and social circles, 
and their integrity and steadfastness of pur- 
[jose are recognized by all who have had cleal- 
ings with them. 

(I) .\ son of this family, h'erdinand George 



Sack, emigrated in the latter part of tlie 
eighteenth century to Prussia, Germany, wan- 
dered from there to Seesen, Duchy of Bruns- 
wick, Germany, where he established a bakery 
business, settled, married and had four sons 
and two daughters, one of the former being 
George Henry Ferdinand. 

(II) George Henry Ferdinand, son of Fred- 
inand George Sack, was born October 9, 1781, 
at Seesen, Duchy of Brunswick, Germany. He 
married. February i, 1810, Johanna Christiana 
Henriette Mscher, born .August 13, 1789. at 
Seesen, and their children were: i. Sophia 
Dorethe Charlotte. 2. Sophia Louise Chris- 
tiana. 3. Charles William Ferdinand. Mr. 
Sack was a farmer, grain dealer, millwright 
and flour-miller. 

(III) Charles William Ferdinand, son of 
George Henry Ferdinand and Johanna Chris- 
tiana Henriette (Fischer) Sack, was born 
April 21, 1825, at Seesen, Duchy of Brunswick, 
Germany, where he followed the same occu- 
pations as his father, carrying on farming and 
being millwright and miller, in Germany. In 
September, 1869, with his wife and children, 
he emigrated from the seaport town of Bre- 
men, Germany, on the ship "Columbus," land- 
ing in New York City in October. After he 
came to this country, Mr. Sack worked chiefly 
as cigar sorter and packer. He was of the 
Lutheran faith, and in politics was a Demo- 
crat. Mr. Sack married, December 24, 1849, 
at Gross Schwuelper, Germany, Molly E. 
Wulfes, born I'^ebruary 19, 1823, at Grossen 
Use, Hanover, Germany. Her father, Peter 
Henry Wulfes, was born March 27, 1769. at 
Grossen Use, and married Elizabeth Braun, 
born October 18, 1788, at Hildesheim, Han- 
over. Mr. Sack and his wife had children as 
follows: I. Charles John Henry Herrman. 

2. Herrman August Charles, born February 
10, 1855: married, in 1880, in New York City, 
Jennie Meyer, and their children are: Hugo 
H,. born ^lay 13, 1881, at New York, and 
Alwine, born March 25, 1883. at Philadelphia. 

3. Alwine Caroline Louisa, born August 23, 
1857, <''sd in New York City. 4. Curt Emiel 
Hugo, born June 4, 1864, died at New York 

(IV) Charles John Henry Herrman, the 
eldest son of Charles William Ferdinand and 
Molly E. (Wulfes) Sack, was born September 
3, 1850, at Gross Schwuelper, Hanover, Ger- 
many, and when a young man accompanied his 
parents to America, living in New York until 
August, 1873, when he removed to Philadel- 
phia, and in 1888 from there to Riverside, New 

Jersey, which is still his residence. He re- 
ceived the education given by the public schools 
of Germany, being also taught French and 
English by private tuition. In Germany he 
held positions incident to dealing in grain, such 
as millwright and miller, also clerk in a grain 
and produce business. In America he has kept 
hotel and conducted a fruit farm, being also 
interested in the culture of bees. He is an 
energetic and public spirited citizen, and has 
served in several public offices, among them 
member of the tow^nship board of education 
and park commission, and for five years he 
served as a member of the board of freeholders 
of Burlington county. New Jersey. Mr. Sack 
is affiliated with the Independent Order of 
Mechanics, Olive Branch Lodge, No. 26, Ger- 
man lieneficial Society, Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, and is treasurer of 
Eureka Beneficial Society. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Riverside Fire Company, and of 
the German Turngemeide and Maennerchor, 
at Riverside. In politics he is a Democrat, 
and belongs to the Lutheran church. His wife 
and family, however, are members of St. 
Peter's Roman Catholic Church of Riverside. 
Mr. Sack married, July 11, 1875, at River- 
side, Hannah Stecher, born August 22, 1850. 
at Philadelphia. Her father, Rudolph Stecher. 
was a cabinet-maker, carpenter, builder and 
tavern-keeper, married Pauline Raup, and 
their children were : Hannah, Rudolph, Marv. 
Louise, August C, Henry. Frank, Frederick 
(deceased) and William. Four generations of 
the Sack family were living at Riverside, New 
Jersey, in 1900, and in that year they cele- 
brated golden, silver and one year's wedding, 
respectively. Charles John Henry Herrman 
and Hanaii (Stecher) Sack had children as 
follows: I. Herrman Rudolph, born Septem- 
ber 9, 1876, at Philadelphia, deceased. 2. 
Charles Laurence, born February 12, 1878, at 
Philadelphia, is a watch case turner, and re- 
sides at Elgin, Illinois; he married, in July, 
1900, Sadie Johnston, and their children are : 
Charles Joseph, Joseph, Adela, Mildred and 
Arthur, all born at Riverside, New Jersey, and 
Rudolph, born at Elgin, Illinois. 3. Emily, 
born November 1 1 , 1879 : married Joseph O. 
Johnston, a watch case maker, at Riverside, 
and their children are : Cecilia, William, Paul- 
ine and Herrman. 4. William, born August 
30, 1881, at Philadelphia, deceased. 5. Will- 
iam Henry, born July 9, 1884, at Philadelphia, 
is a bartender, married Catherine Fleming, 
and they have one child, Doloris. 6. Herrman, 
born November i, 1886, at Philadelphia, is a 



watch case maker, and resides at Elgin, Illi- 
nois ; he married, December 25, 1908, Mamie 
Bovven. 7. Frederick, born February 11, 1889, 
at Riverside, New Jersey, deceased. 8. Flor- 
ence, born September 30, 1892, at Riverside, 
deceased. ^Ir. Sack gave his children a liberal 
education, in the public and parochial schools 
of Philadelphia and Riverside, and lias reason 
to be proud of their position and standing. 

William Herman Bisbing de- 
BISBIXG scends from an old Pennsyl- 
vania family. The earliest 
known ancestor was George BLsbing, a well-to- 
do farmer, who lived on Barron Hill, some- 
times called Bisbing's Hill, in the township of 
Whitmarsh, Montgomery county, Pennsyl- 
vania. He was a large property owner. He 
conducted a hotel calletl Farmer's Inn, and was 
a prominent citizen of the town. He married 
Catherine . Children: i. George, men- 
tioned below. 2. William. 3. Catherine. 4. 

(H) (ieorge (2j, son of George (i) and 
Catherine Bisbing, was born in Whitmarsh, 
near .Ambler, Pennsylvania, 1808, and died in 
1898. He followed the occupation of farming 
on the homestead for many years. Leaving 
the farm he located at Concohoken, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he engaged in the grocery busi- 
ness until his death. He was ta.x collector of 
the town, and a man of influence in the com- 
nuuiity. He married Sarah Hansell, born in 
.Montgomery county, Pennsylvania. Children: 
I. William, mentioned below. 2. Alberta, de- 
ceased. 3. Clara, married Augustus Hart, of 
Northampton county. Pennsylvania. 4. Annie, 
married Charles Dilton (deceased) of Phila- 
delphia. 5. (Jeorge, deceased. 6. Catherine. 

(HI) William, first born of George (2) and 
Sarah (Hansell) Bisbing, was born at Penn 
Lynn, near Ambler, Peimsylvania, 1839. He 
received a good common school education. He 
was apprenticed to a whechvright and as all 
wagon and carriage work at that time was 
done by hand, he obtained a thorougli knowl- 
edge of that trade, .\fter leaving his trade 
Mr. Bi.sbing and his brother-in-law, Augustus 
Hart, oi)ened a shop and store in Norristown, 
Pennsylvania, where they built, repaired and 
sold vehicles of all descriptions that were 
common to the neighborhood. In iHfig Mr. 
Bisbing removed to Florence, Burlington 
county, New Jersey, where he has since resided. 
He is now in the employ of R. D. Wood & 
Company. He is a member of the Baptist 
church, although he was formerly a Lutheran. 

He is a member of the Independent Order of 
P'oresters. the American Mechanics and the 
Florence Foundry Aid Society, all of Florence, 
New Jersey. He married, in 1859. Eliza H. 
Groff, born in 1844, daughter of Joseph and 
Louise Grofif, of Haddonfield, New Jersey. 
Children: i. .Albertus, born in Norristown, 
Pennsylvania, now a pattern maker of Savan- 
nah, Georgia. 2. Sarah Louisa, born in Flor- 
ence, New Jersey, died in childhood. 3. Charles 
E., born at Florence, New Jersey, where he is 
engaged in mercantile business ; he married 
Hannah Ivins, of Camden, New Jersey; chil- 
dren : Claude H. and Marion M. Bisbing. 4. 
William Herman, mentioned below. 

(1\') William Herman, third son and young- 
est child of William and Eliza H. (Groff) Bis- 
bing, was born in Florence, New Jersey, No- 
vember 23, 1879. He was educated in the 
public and parish schools of his native town. 
He learned the trade of macliinist and worked 
at that business for seven years m Florence. 
He then entered the employ of the Camden 
and Trenton Street Railway Company and re- 
mained with them si.x years as machinist and 
dispatcher, having headquarters at Riverside, 
New Jersey. For two years he was with the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, running be- 
tween Camden and Jersey City. On .August 
2(), 1908, Mr. Bisbing having settled on a mer- 
cantile life, opened a store in Riverside for 
the sale of gentlemen's furnishing goods, and 
to that business and to his official duties as 
coroner of Burlington county. New Jersey, he 
devotes his entire time. He is a Republican 
and was elected coroner in November, 1908, 
for the term of three years. Mr. Bisbing has 
a partner, Mark Freeman, the firm name being 
Bisbing & Freeman. In December, 1908, the 
Riverside Business Men's Association was 
formed with Mr. Bisbing as one of the 
directors. He is fond of out-door sports and 
is treasurer of the Riverside Athletic Associa- 
tion. He is a member of Riverside Lodge, No. 
128, Free and .Accepted Masons; Dakota 
Tribe, No. iii, Improved Order of Red Men 
of Camden; Court Delaware, No. 31;-' 
Inilependent Order of Foresters, of Florcnct' : 
Burlington Lodge, No. 996, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, of Burlington. 

The Steelier family of River- 
STECHER side. New Jersey, are of Ger- 
man origin, and belong to the 
incomers of the middle of the nineteenth cen- 

( 1 ) Rudolph .Steelier, the founder of the 



family, was born in Baden Baden, Germany, 
about 1825, and came over to Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, in 1847. He died in Riverside, 
New Jersey, in 1888. He was a cabinet maker 
by trade, and served his apprenticeship before 
he emigrated. After coming to America he 
followctl the same line of work, and, engaging 
in the lumber business in Philadelphia, came 
to Riverside for his permanent home in 1854. 
For a number of years he was a contractor and 
builder, and he also engaged in the canning 
business, building the first canning factory and 
the first glass works in the town. In i860 he 
went into the hotel business in Riverside, open- 
ing the Riverside Hotel, now conducted by 
his son Rudolph, and continued it until the 
time of his death. He was a Republican, and 
a member of the school board. He was also 
a member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows at Bridgeborough. He was a com- 
municant of the Roman Catholic church. In 
1847 he married Paulina Raupe, at Baden 
Baclen. She is now living at the Riverside 
Hotel. Their children were : i. Hannah. mar- 
ried Charles Sack, of Riverside. 2. Child, 
died young. 3. Rudolph F., proprietor of River- 
side Hotel, Riverside. 4. Alary, married Henry 
Frick, a farmer. 5. Louise, married George 
\\'hitney, a mail agent, of Cape May. 6. Au- 
gust C, who is referred to below. 7. Frank, 
a painter, of Riverside. 8. Henry, deceased. 
9. Frederick, deceased. 10. William, who con- 
ducts a cigar store at Riverside. 

(II) August C, son of Rudolph and Paul- 
ina (Raupe) Stecher, was born at Riverside, 
New Jersey, September 16, i860, and died 
there June 29. 1908. He was educated in the 
common schools, and engaged in the shoe busi- 
ness, in the real estate and insurance business, 
and in the pension business. He served as 
postmaster under President Harrison and again 
under President ]\IcKinley, 1896, and filled tiiat 
position up to the time of his death. He was a 
prominent Republican and active in the affairs 
of his party. In 1894 he was a member of the 
assembly, and also served on town and state 
committees. He was a member of Lodge Xo. 
996, B. P. O. E., of Burlington, and a founder 
of the Eureka society. He was a communicant 
of the Roman Catholic church. In 1884 Mr. 
Stecher married Matilda Liusner, born May 
13, 1861, daughter of .\ugust and Annie Lius- 
ner, of Westfield, New Jersey. She is now 
living at Riverside. Their children are: i. 
Artliur Franklin, referred to below. 2. Sophia, 
died aged eighteen years. 3. Bertha. 4. Charles, 
died aged fifteen years. 5. Mary. 6. Henry. 

7. August, Jr. 8. Naomi. 9. George. The 
last five are all at school, in 1909. 

(HI) Arthur Franklin, eldest child of .-Xu- 
giist C. and Matilda (Liusner) Stecher, was 
born at Riverside, New Jersey, June 27, 1885, 
and is now living in Riverside. He w'as edu- 
cated in the public schools, in the parochial 
school of St. Peter's, and at a business college, 
and has been engaged in the newspaper busi- 
ness for most of his life, having been con- 
nected with the I'urlington Enterprise, the 
Philadelphia North American, the Philadelphia 
Inquirer, the Philadelphia Public Ledger, the 
Trenton Times, and Publicity Press, and still 
corresponds for most of them. He has been 
identified with the Trenton Times for eleven 
years. When his father died he was appointed 
acting postmaster, and in August, 1908, he 
received his permanent appointment to that 
position to succeed his father, for four years 
beginning December 16, 1908, under President 
Roosevelt. He is the youngest second class 
postmaster in the state. He is a Republican, a 
member of the Lodge, No. 996, B. P. O. E., of 
Burlington: of the Knights of Columbus, of 
Riverside : of St. Peter's Benevolent Society, 
of Riverside, and an honorary member of the 
Firemen's Association, of Riverside, and the 
Musical and Literary Society. He is a com- 
municant of St. Peter's Roman Catholic 

Wolfret ( ierretse, the cf)nimon 
M.VRTER ancestor of the \ an Couwer- 

hovens, with his wife Neiltje. 
immigrated with his family from the province 
of L'trecht in the Netherlands, was employed 
first as early as 1630 as superintendent of 
farms by the Patroon of Rensselaerswick. 
afterwards cultivated a farm on Manhattan 
Island, purchased land in June, 1637, from the 
Indians in Flatbush and Flatlands, Long 
Island, which were patented to him by Director 
\'an Twiller, June 16. 1637. He made his 
mark to documents. Children: ( ierret Wol- 
fertse, 1610: Jacob Wolfertse, and Peter Wol- 
fertsc. Jacob, the eldest son of Wolfret, came 
with his father to New Amsterdam, in 1630, 
was with him in Rensselaerwick, 1641, mar- 
ried Hester Jansen, and (second) September 
26. 1655, Magdaleentje Jacobuse Bysen. Was 
a brewer in New Amsterdam, on Pearl street. 
traded in a sloop to Albany : was one of the 
nine men representing the New Netherlands, 
1647-49-50; member of Dutch church of New- 
York, 1666. Peter and Hester Jansen \'an 
Couwerhoven had children: i. Xeeltje, bap- 


tized September 25. 1639, married, January 6, 
1662, Conielius Pluvier. 2. Jolin or Johannes, 
of New ^'ork. baptized March 29, 1641 ; mar- 
ried, April II, 1664, Saartje Frans, of Haer- 
lem. 3. Lysbeth, 1643. 4- Aeltje, 1645. 5- 
Petronelletje, 1648. John, born May 29, 1641, 
was a member of General Llisler's council in 
1684, and also of the court of the exchequer. 
He had Jacob, 1664; Francis, 1666; Hester, 
1669; Lysbeth, 1671 ; Jacomytje, 1673; Johan- 
nes, 1677; Maria, 1679; Catelyntje, 1682, and 
Peter, 1683. Of these children. Hester, bap- 
tized in the Reformed Dutch church in New 
York, married, in February, 1688, Johannes 
Martier, of New York, and their descendants 
are said to have resided in Gloucester county, 
New Jersey. Bergen, in his "Genealogies of 
Long Island" says that the Couwerhovens, 
after the conquest of New York, went soine 
to the Raritan valley, some to Monmouth 
county, in the neighborhood of Middletown 
and Freehold, some in Burlington county, and 
some to Gloucester county. This would lead 
us to place Hester and her husband, Johannes 
Martier, with these migrants, as his name does 
not appear in the New York records beyond 
this mention. In the list of Jerseymen in the 
revolutionary war we find .\ndrew Mart from 
(lloucester county, as a private in the state 
troops : and James Martero in the Second 
Regiment, Continental Troops, Jersey Line, 
but as the name is so like Masters when writ- 
ten, the Clement, John and Stephen in the 
Jersey line may one or more be misspelled. 
We find the first of the name of whom we 
are certain in Thomas Marter (q. v.). 

( I) Thomas Marter was an early citizen of 
Willingborough township, where he was a large 
landhokler. He was born probably about 1740, 
and his name appears on the records of the 
building of the Cooi^ertown Meeting House 
about 1800, as a subscriber of $25.00 toward 
meeting the expenses of the building, he being 
among the largest subscribers. He was one 
of the six trustees to whom the deed for the 
meeting house ground was given in trust Au- 
gust, 1802. He died a few years after this 
deed was given. He had sons: Michael, .Abra- 
ham. Thomas, Richard, whose names a]ipear 
on the subscription list for smaller sums. 
Michael. .Sio; Thomas, $5; Richard and Abra- 
ham. .'=55; and the three an additional $1.50 
each, when the sum raised appeared to be 
inadequate. In 1806 the meeting house was 

(l\) .Abraham, apparently the second son 
of Thomas Marter, was born in Willingborough 

township, Burlington county. New Jersey, 
about 1770. He was a trustee, committee- 
man and treasurer of the Coopertown Meet- 
ing when the meeting house was enlarged, 
used exclusively by the Friends, and the' 
burden of the repairs borne entirely by 
that society. The building had heretofore been 
used by all denominations caring to use it. In 
the subscription list of 1836 he heads the list 
with $10, his son Charles with $10, and the 
names of Thomas (2), Richard, Hannah, Will- 
iam and Lewis. We have not determined the 
date of the death of Abraham Marter. 

( III ) Charles, probably eldest son of Abra- 
ham Marter, was born in Burlington township, 
Burlington comity. New Jersey, about 1800. 
He was a large landholder, and he lived on 
what is now known as Wood Lane, a road 
leading from Edgewater Park to the Camden 
and Burlington road. His estate included over 
seven hundred acres of land, and besides farm- 
ing he was an extensive fruit grower, and his 
apples and peaches were well known in the 
markets. His interest in the Coopertown Aleet- 
ing is shown by his subscription to the enlarg- 
ing of the Coopertown Meeting House in 183^^, 
when he and his brother .\braham each sub- 
scribed .$10.00. He married Hannah Steven- 
son, and they had nine children as follows: i. 
Thomas A. 2. Charles. 3. John W. 4. Edwin 
K., lives at Edgewater Park, New Jersey. 5. 
Macajah S., lives at Beverly. 6. Ezra B. (q. 
v.). 7. Hope, married John H. Adams, of 
Beverly. 8. Hannah. 9. Eliza, married .Abram 
Perkins, and became the mother of the Rev. 
C. M. Perkins, rector of Trinity Church, of 
\'ineland. New Jersey. 

(IV) Ezra Budd, sixth son of Charles and 
Hannah (Stevenson) Marter. was born in 
lUirlington township, Burlington county. New 
Jersey, 1829, died there January 27, 1902. He 
was brought up on his father's farm, attended 
the district school, and became a skillful and 
prosperous farmer. During the civil war he 
dealt extensively in pork packing, and he pur- 
chased large quantities of hogs, either on the 
hoof or dressed, and found ready market for 
both salt pork and salted and dried bacon, 
shoulders and hams, for the use of the army 
in the field. He built a fine residence which 
became tiie home of his son Ezra Budd (2). 
He was an active member of the Rejiuhlican 
party, and was a representative from Beverly 
township in the state legislature for two terms, 
and a chosen freeholder for many terms. His 
fraternal affiliation was with the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows through the Beverly 



Lodge. Ezra Budd married Sarah Ellen, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth (Rodman) 
Shedaker, and they had five children born in 
Burlington, Xew Jersey, as follows; i. Emma, 
died in infancy. 2. John, died in early child- 
hood. 3. Hannah, married Ellis W. Scott, of 
Burlington ; he is a farmer. 4. Ezra Budd 
(q. V. ). 5. \\"a!ter S., now secretary and treas- 
urer of the Wilmington Steamboat Company, 
and a resident of Burlington, New Jersey. 

(\') Ezra Budd (2), second son and fourth 
child of Ezra Budd (i) and Sarah Ellen 
(Shedaker) Marter, was born in Burlington, 
New Jersey, January 31, i860. He was brought 
up on his father's farm, and was a pupil in the 
Shedaker school in Burlington township and 
in the public high school in Burlington, and 
continued to aid his father in carrying on his 
large farming interests until he had reached 
his majority, when he took the homestead fann 
under his own control and continued the 
methods anrl improvements introduced by his 
father, notably the raising of large quantities 
of fruit, making this a specialty. He was a 
member of the township committee for five 
years previous to the separation of the city 
and township governments. His fraternal 
affiliations included membership in the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, through Bur- 
lington Lodge, No. 22; and membership in 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks 
through sub-lodge. No. 996, of Burlington, 
New Jersey. 

He married, March, 1888, Anne, daughter 
of Edward and FVances (Ellis) Horner, of 
Camden, and their five children were born in 
Burlington, New Jersey, as follows: i. John 
Deacon, December 25, 1888, and a main de- 
pendence of his father on the farm. 2. Fannie 
H., May 19, 1890. 3. Sarah E., December 11, 
1891. 4. Caleb Ridgeway, April 24, 1893. 5. 
Agnes Beideman, June 14, 1900. In 1909 these 
children were all members of the homestead 
household, where they were born. 

\\ arren Carleton Pine, pharmacist 
PINE of Riverside, New Jersey, descends 
from an old Gloucester county, 
Xew Jersey, family. His great-grandfather, 
Daniel Pine, was born in that county, mar- 
ried, and reared a family there. The family 
have always been members of the Hicksite 
.Society of Friends. 

(II) Joshua, son of Daniel Pine, was born 
in Gloucester county, New Jersey, where he 
grew up and followed the occupation of a 
farmer. Later in life he removed to Mary- 

land, where he died. He married Mary , 

and had issue: Allen, Elizabeth, Samuel, Clay- 
ton, Benjamin, Elwood (see forward). Eliza- 
beth married Charles Roberts, of Philadelphia, 
who is now deceased. 

(III) Elwood, son of Joshua and Mary 
Pine, was born in Repaupo, Gloucester county. 
New Jersey, during the year 1839, and died 
in Maryland, in 1893. 'I^ removed to Mary- 
land with his father and family, and always 
lived there until his death. He was possessed 
of a good education and held various township 
offices. He was a Republican and a member 
of the Society of Friends. Elwood Pine mar- 
ried, in 1858. Hannah Allen, born in 1840, 
daughter of Richard and Ann Allen, of MuUica 
Hill, Gloucester county, New Jersey. The 
two children of Mr. and Mrs. Elwood Pine 
are: i. Mary Ann, married Lewis M. Shuck, 
a merchant of Swedesboro, New Jersey, and 
has Walter and Howard Shuck. 2. \Varren 

(IV) Warren Carleton, only son of Elwood 
and Hannah (Allen) Pine, was born in Alickle- 
ton, (lloucester county. New Jersey, February 
I, 1866. He was educated in the public 
schools and at the Friends' Academy in Mickle- 
ton. His early life was spent on the farm and 
in a newspaper ofifice in \\'oodbury, where he 
worked for three years. Having decided to 
become a pharmacist, he entered the drug 
store of D. Farley in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he remained five years. Going 
before the Pennsylvania state board of exam- 
iners he passed a successful examination as 
he did later before the New Jersey board. He 
is a registered pharmacist in both states. In 
1894 he located in Riverside, Burlington county, 
Xew Jersey, and established a drug store. Mr. 
Pine has been very successful in his business 
and has been compelled to make changes to 
larger quarters until now he has a lucrative 
business located in perhaps as handsome a 
store as can be found in any town of the state. 
Mr. Pine, while devoted to his business, takes 
an active interest in the public afl^airs of his 
own town, particularly in educational matters. 
He is a member of the Riverside board of 
education and on the executive committee of 
the Burlington county board of education. He 
was one of the incorporators and is a director 
of the Riverside National Bank. He is a mem- 
ber of both the Xew Jersey and American 
Pharmaceutical associations and the National 
Association of Retail Druggists. Mr. Pine is 
fraternally connected with the leading orders 
of his town. He is a Master Mason of River- 



side Lodge, a Royal Arch Mason of Boudinot 
Chapter, liurhngton, a Knight Templar of 
Helena Commandery, a Shriner of Lulu Tem- 
ple, Philadelphia, and a thirty-second degree 
Scottish Rite .Mason of the New Jersey Con- 
sistory. He further affiliates with the Elks 
Lodge of ISurlington, the Odd F'ellows of 
Bridgeboro, and the Patriotic Order Sons of 
America, Delanco. He is also a life member 
of the Riverside Turngemeinde and Maen- 
nerchor societies. Lie is a member of the 
Society of Friends. 

Warren C. Pine married, September 2, 1893, 
hla I'irch, daughter of George \V. and Cath- 
erine Birch, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
They have a son, I^ynnwood Carkton Pine, 
born June 19, 1895. 

The name of Torrie or Torrey 
T(^RREY has been associated with the 

history of the inhabitants of 
.\e\v England from early times. There have 
been noted educators and other professional 
men in this family, as well as persons in other 
occu])ations. Many of the name took part in 
the revolutionary war, several of them being 

( I ) Jesse Torrey, born in Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts, is mentioned in revolutionary records 
as "belonging to Captain Amos Turner's Com- 
pany, in the Regiment of Foot, commanded by 
I'rigadier General John Thomas, belonging to 
the .Army of the United Colonies." By his first 
wife he had three children, as follows: Royal; 
Dr. Jesse, a noted .Vbolitionist, and .Anna, who 
became Mrs. Chajiman. He married (second) 
Azuhah West, by whom he had two sons, 
llirain Uwight and John. 

(II) Hiram Dwight, son of Jesse and 
Aznbah (West) Torrey, was born June 24, 
1820, at New I^ebanon, New York, and died in 
K)oi. lie received a good education, being a 
graduate of Williams College, and his natural 
ability and desire was along the lines of poetry 
and ]iainting. .At the age of twenty-five Mr. Tor- 
rey left home and spent some time on the 
staff of a i)riiminent newspaper published at 
Pottsvillc. Pennsylvania, and later took u\) the 
study of engineering and architecture. Lie 
had a natural talent for the making of portraits, 
and some of his early efforts received such 
favorable comment that he was fortunate enough 
to become a pu])il of a famous portrait jiainter, 
and there learned so much, both of technic|ue 
and the language of his art, that he became a 
lecturer on the subject: wliile delivering a lec- 
ture on art in a church, he was heard by a 

member of the faculty of the female seminary 
at Washington, Pennsylvania, and as a result 
thereof finally became professor of painting 
and drawing at the institution, which position 
he held ten years. He then spent a short time 
at .Milwaukee, Wisconsin, after which he re- 
moved to Reading, Pennsylvania, where he 
met with great success in his chosen field of 
art. making and selling portraits, as well as 
a mimber of landscapes. While in that city he 
became leader in a musical society, which de- 
veloped into the Ringold Band. In 1867 Mr. 
Torrey went to Europe, and there spent thir- 
teen years in study and work ; he spent some 
time in Scotland^ and while there painted 
portraits of many famous men, among them 
professors in universities, doctors of divinity, 
men in public office, literary men and several 
private citizens of wealth. He also painted 
many fine landscapes, both for Scotch and 
.American patrons. He visited many famous 
collections of pictures, and was entertained by 
several noblemen as honored guest in their 
castles. LJpon his return he took up his resi- 
dence in Delanco, New Jersey, where he de- 
voted the remainder of his life to painting. 
Mr. Torrey took great interest in political 
matters, was a Reinihlican, and in national 
campaigns made speeches in all parts of New 
Jersey ; at one time he held a debate with Henry 
George, the advocate of single tax. He was 
an Episcoj^alian in religious views, and be- 
longed to the Knights of Malta, also to the 
.Ancient Free and .Accepted Masons, of Potts- 
villc, I'ennsylvania. He married (first) Mary 
Woodward, cousin of Chief Justice George 
Woodward, of Pennsylvania, and their chil- 
dren were: i. Mary \\'oo(lward, married Will- 
iam K. Moore, deceased, of Delanco, New 
Yi rk. ;uid they had a son, William K., de- 
ceased. 2. William, a gold miner, lived in New 
Zealand. Mr Torrey man-ied (second) in 
i8fi2, Clara \'. Moore, of Philadelphia, born in 
1834. daughter of James Bullers and Mary 
Clifford ( Knowles ) Moore, and they had two 
children: I. Hiram Dwight. 2. James Moore, 
born in 1871, in Glasgow, Scotland, is a printer, 
and resides at Delanco. .\'ew Jersey, with his 
brother ; he married Sarah Hillney. and has 
one >nu James and one daughter Madelaine. 

(HI) Hiram Dwight (2), son of Hiram 
Dwight (O and Clara V. (Moore) Torrey, 
was born in i86r). at Pottsvillc, Pennsylvania. 
W hen one year old he was taken by his par- 
ents to Scotland, and received his early educa- 
tion in (ilasgow, which he supplemented on his 
return to .America, after thirteen years, by 



attending the scliools at Delanco, New Jersey, 
lie learned the trade of printer in the office 
of the Enterprise, of Burlington, New Jersey, 
later becoming foreman of the press room, and 
he worked on the first 'daily issue of the paper, 
in 1884. Mr. Torrey is now editor and pro- 
prietor of the Burlington Comity Press, pub- 
lished weekly, at Riverside, New Jersey, having 
brought out the first issue March 3, 1887; from 
the first issue, of four pages, edited and print- 
ed in a single room, by the unaided efforts of 
its enterprising proprietor, under the name 
of The N c'ii> Jersey Sand Burr, the paper has 
become enlarged to an eight-page publication, 
occupying a modern building, and each issue 
the product of a plant boasting up-to-date 
machinery in the way of presses, folding ma- 
chines, etc. At first Mr. Torrey was in part- 
nership witli John H. W'eidmann, who financed 
the undertaking, though he did none of the 
actual work of issuing the paper, and after his 
death in 1890, Mr. Torrey purchased his inter- 
est, being now sole owner. Though a Republi- 
can in his political views, Mr. Torrey makes 
the paper independent in politics, and through 
its sheets is able to espouse the cause of every 
niDvement on foot for the general good of the 
communtiy. He is a member of the Fire 
Company of Riverside, of the State Firemen's 
.Association, of which he was for three years 
vice-president, and a trustee of the Firemen's 
Home, at Doontown, New Jersey. He also 
belongs to the Grand Fraternity, to the Benev- 
olent and Protective Order of Elks, No. 996, 
of Burlington, and is a member of the Pen and 
Pencil Club, of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Torrey married, in 1888. Julia Walton 
Wells, daughter of Lsaiah and Elmira (King) 
Wells, of Bridgeboro, New Jersey, and they 
have no children. 

This name, in the various forms of 
HOLT Holt, Moult, Holte, and many 

others, has been for centuries com- 
mon in England, where it has boasted many 
distinguished members. Sir |ohn Holt was 
at one time chief justice of England. In our 
own country there have also been men of this 
name who have taken an honorable part in the 
building up of its resources, and some of the 
name have taken part in every war since the 
earliest settlement. 

(I) James Holt was born in Lancashire, 
England, and died in 1862, in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania. In his native country he re- 
ceived his education and learned the trade of 
silk making, which he followed until the time 

of his emigration to America, in 1842. His 
wife and children followed three years later. 
His residence was Philadelphia, and for many 
years he was employed as traveling salesman, 
in the line of perfumery and notions. Mr. 
Holt married Hannah Priestly, of England, 
and their children were : Mary, Sarah, John, 
James, Samuel, wdio is proprietor of a store 
near Davenport, Iowa; William, Betty. 

(II) William, fourth son of James and 
Hananh (Priestly) Holt, was born July 26, 
1836, in Lancashire, England, antl in 1845 was 
brought by his mother to Philadelphia, receiv- 
ing his education in the public schools of Dela- 
ware county, Pennsylvania. When a young 
man he worked two years in a woolen mill at 
Derby Creelc, Pennsylvania, and then removed 
to Philadelphia, where he worked in a paper 
box factory. In company with his father and 
brother Samuel, he engaged in the manufacture 
of paper boxes, under the firm name of James 
Holt & Sons, which firm did business until the 
death of James Holt in 1862, when the business 
was carried on by the sons. At the outbreak 
of the civil war, Mr. Holt enlisted in Com- 
pany D, Twenty-third Pennsylvania Regiment, 
and served seventeen months. Having been 
wounded at the battle of Fair Oaks, he spent 
seven months in the hospitals at Washington 
and Philadelphia ; he was mustered out Janu- 
ary 3, 1863. x\t this time he resumed the 
manufacture of paper bo.xes, in Philadelphia, 
and two years later removed to Bristol, Penn- 
sylvania, spending two years there in the em- 
ploy of John Bardley. In 1867 he removed to 
Mt. Holly, New Jersey, and entered the em- 
ploy of Semple & Sons, manufacturers of 
thread and made paper boxes for this firm 
over seventeen years. Mr. Holt established a 
factory for himself, at Mt. Holly, in the same 
line of business, in 1884, and continued same 
until i8.)Q, when it was combined with the 
business he and his son William H. had estab- 
lished in 1897 at Riverside, New Jersey, under 
the name of William Holt & Son ; in 1899 Mr. 
Holt retired from active business, and the 
plant has since been carried on by the son. He 
is a Republican, and a member of the Baptist 
church. He married (first) in 1857 Sarah 
Noble, by whom he iiad no children. He 
married (second) in 1864, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Samuel and Atlantic Middleton, who be- 
came the mother of his five children, and he 
married (third) Ruth .A.nn Major, of Mt. 
Holly. His children were: i. Harry, de- 
ceased. 2. Samuel M., a printer, resides in 
Washington, District of Columbia. 3. Atty 



A. I'.ooz, lives at Harrisburg, Pennsyivania. 
4. William I lenry. 5. Clara May, died in in- 

(Ill) William Henry, third and youngest 
son of ^\'illiam and Elizabeth (Middleton) 
Holt, was born Jidy 9, 1872, at Alt. Holly, New 
Jersey, in the house still ocupied by his father. 
He received his education in the schools of 
his native town, and at an early age entered the 
factory of his father, continuing ever since in 
the same line of work. He entered into part- 
nership with his father in 1897, and since 1899 
has had the entire charge of the business ; he 
purciiased his father's interest in 1907, and 
since then has been sole owner and proprietor, 
though the name is William Holt & Son Paper 
Box Manufactory. Since 1897 he has resided 
in Delanco, New Jersey, where he takes a 
prominent part in the affairs of the community, 
being a member of the board of education of 
Ikverly township. He is a Republican, and 
attends the Presbyterian church. He is a 
member of Lodge, No. 996, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, of Burlington, New 
Jersey, being a past exalted ruler, and in 1908 
was sent to Texas as delegate to the Grand 
LcKlge of this order. He has been successful 
in his business ventures, and has the respect 
of all who know him, and a large circle of 

Mr. Holt marrieil, August 31, 1892, Rena. 
daughter of John Reeve, of Mt. Holly, New 
Jersey, and their children are: i. Raymond 
Ci., born July 16, 1893, at Mt. Holly. 2. Emma 
D., October 10, rSgs, at Mt. Holly. 3. William 
L., December 12, 1897, at Mt. Holly. 

The Taubel family is another 
TAUBEL of the grou[) forming the colony 
of (lerman origin which, emi- 
grating to this country in the middle of the 
nineteenth century, found a permanent home 
for themselves in Riverside, New Jersey. 

( I) The fatiier of the founder of the family 
lived and died in (iermany, where he left five 
children : Lewis. William, Charles, referred 
to below; Mary, Catharine. His wife died in 
Philadelphia at the advanced aged of eighty- 
four years. 

(TI) Charles Taubel was born in (iermany, 
in 1 82 1, died in Riverside, New Jersey, Sep- 
tember C). 1005. He secured a common school 
education in his native town, and then learned 
the shoemaking trade, ff e came to this country 
in 1848, stopping first in New York City, then 
removing to Philadelphia, where he remained 

for several years working at his trade. In 
1855 he came to Riverside, New Jersey, where 
he set up for himself as a shoemaker, and kept 
up his active work until his death. He was a 
Democrat, a member of the school board, and 
a member of the Aloravian church. In 1850 
he married, in Philadelphia, Cornelia Clutt, 
born in Germany. Their children were: I. 
John, born in Philadelphia, now living in 
Riverside. 2. Rosa, born in Philadelphia, now 
living in Riverside. 3. Lewis, now engaged in 
business in Norristown. 4. Henry, referred 
to below. 5. George, deceased. 6. William, 
who has a large mill in Riverside and five 
mills in Penn.sylvania. 7. Mary, deceased. 8. 
Kate, married a Mr. Schneider. 9. Lizzie, de- 
ceased. 10. Hannah, married Mr. Webber. 
II. Sophia, deceased. Both married daughters 
lived in Riverside. 

(Ill) Henry, son of Charles and Cornelia 
(Clutt) Taubel, was born in Riverside, New 
Jersey, in 1858, and is now living in that town. 
He was educated in the common schools and 
followed farming until nineteen years old, 
when he went to Philadelphia and learned the 
machinist's trade, working in a machine shop 
in that city from 1879 to 1891, when he re- 
turned to Riverside and became a dyer in the 
hosiery mills of his brothers, William and 
Lewis, in the original plant started by theniand 
now occupied by himself. He remained with 
his brothers as boss dyer for seventeen years, 
quitting on February i, 1908. He started in 
to manufacture hosiery on his own account 
in company with his son under thf firm name 
of Henry Taubel & Son, April 12, 1908. Mr. 
Taubel is a Democrat, and is now .'ierving his 
third term as township committeeman. He 
has also served for twelve years on the board 
of school directors and is still a member of 
the board. For fourteen years he has been 
one of the directors of the Riverside cemetery, 
and he was one of the organizers of and insti- 
tuted the J. O. M. in Riverside in 1894, and he 
is a trustee of the order, lie is also a mem- 
ber of several (jerman beneficial and social 

In 1882 Henry Taubel married Louisa Koh- 
ler. of Philadel])hia ; children: I. (Gertrude, 
horn in Philadelphia. June, 1884; married 
William" Wright, now in the newspaper busi- 
ness in Wildwood, New Jersey ; they have one 
child, (Gertrude. 2. Charles, born in Philadel- 
phia in 1886, educated in the Riverside public 
schools, spent two years in a textile school in 
Philadel]ihia and is now with his father in the 



firm of Henry Taubel & Son. He i.s an expert 
(Iyer and has entire charge of that branch of 
the work. Me married Mary Bergnekes, of 
Delanccj, and they have one daughter Gertrude. 

This is an old Pennsylvania name 
RUE founded in that state early in the 

eighteenth century, and is presumed 
to have gone thither from New Jersey. Tradi- 
tion says it is a Huguenot family, tracing back 
to France. Franz, Jacques and Abraham Le • 
Roy came to New Amsterdam (now New 
York) from Manheim. in the Pfalz, prior to 
1680, having fled to the Palatinate from France 
some years earlier. The descendants of Abra- 
ham, the youngest of the three brothers, are 
(|uite numerous in Bucks county, whither they 
migrated from New Jersey in the closing years 
of the seventeenth century. The name was 
spelled La Rue, Larrew, and in various forms 
in the early records, but eventually assumed its 
present spelling. The Bucks county family is 
not nearly related to or associated in any way 
with that of Rue^ and there appears no points 
of similarity. The descendants of Jacques 
(James ) Le Roy, who settled in Bergen county. 
New Jersey, and on Staten Island, spelled the 
name in various forms, and it may be that the 
I'.ucks county family is descended from them. 
The first record of the name Rue is the grant 
of two hundred acres of land "above the Falls 
of Delaware" in New Jersey, in 1699, to John 
Rue, of Staten Island. He may have been the 
father or grandfather of James. 

( I ) James Rue purchased the old Vansant 
farm in Bensalem in 17 18, and died there in 
December, 1739, "advanced in years," leaving 
a widow Mary, who died in 1769, and chil- 
dren : Richard, Matthew, Samuel, Joseph, 
Mary (married Timothy Roberts in 1735), 
Catherine (married James Rankins in 1744), 
Elizabeth (married Samuel Yerkes in 1743), 
Sarah (married James Kidd). 

( II ) Matthew, son of James Rue, purchased 
an interest in the Milford Mills (now Ilulme- 
viile), and a large tract of land in Middletown 
township, Bucks county, in 1730, and lived 
there until his death. In a conveyance to his 
son Lewis in 1731, no wife joins, but his will 
mentions wife, Mary, who was probably a sec- 
ond spouse, and a sister of Benjamin Towne 
who married his eldest daughter. He died in 
1770, leaving an ample estate, dividing several 
hundred acres of land among his children, and 
including a large personal property. He had 
five children: i. Matthew, the eldest, died 
before his father leaving two sons, Benjamin 

and Lewis. 2. Mary, married Thomas Case, of 
Trenton, in 1734. 3. Richard, mentioned be- 
low. 4. Katharine, married Benjamin Towne. 
5. Lewis,, married, in 1736, Rachel Vansant, 
and died in 1752, leaving six children. 

(III) Richard, second son of Matthew Rue, 
inherited from his father a farm of two hun- 
dred and fifty acres in Middletown township 
and spent his whole life in that township, 
where he died in 1785 and was buried with his 
father, where many other members of the 
family of later generations lie, in the Rue 
graveyard, on the farm now occupied by Rich- 
ard Rue, near Huhneville. He married, Jan- 
uary 6, 1735, Jane Van Dyck. He seems to 
have married a second time late in life as he 
is joined in making deeds in 1772 by a wife 
Elizabeth. No wife seems to have survived 
him. Children : Anthony, Elizabeth, Lewis, 
Catherine, (wife of Isaiah Van Home), Rich- 
ard and Matthew. The heirs of Richard and 
Lewis succeeded to the homestead which was 
purchased by these two in 1786. 

(IV) Mathew (2), youngest child of Rich- 
ard and Jane (\'an Dyck) Rue, was a minor 
in 1770, when he was mentioned in the will of 
his grandfather, Matthew (i). In this will 
he received a negro boy, Charles, provided he 
lived to come of age and to be a farmer. At 
the time of his father's death, he was living 
on a small farm purchased by his grandfather 
in 1765. a part of a large plantation once 
owned by James Rue ( I ). He married Mary, 
daughter of Adam and Christiana Weaver, of 
Bensalem, and lived at different periods in 
Middletown, Bensalem and Bristol townships. 
This farm was conveyed to him by his broth- 
ers and sisters, and at the death of his father- 
in-law in 1812, forty acres of land in Bristol 
was devised to his children, to remain in his 
possession and care until the youngest of them 
should arrive of age. He last appears on 
record in a deed to his son, Adam, for a part 
of the land conveyed to him by his brothers 
and sisters in 1786. This deed bears date 
April I, 1822, and is joined by his wife, Grace. 
Their residence was then in Bristol township. 
No will or letters of administration on his es- 
tate ai)pear in the probate records of Bucks 
county. Adam Weaver, the father of his first 
wife, was a blacksmith and purchased land in 
Bensalem in 1760. He subsequently bought 
land in Middletown of Richard Rue, and 
owned considerable land in Bristol. His 
daughter, Mary, wife of Matthew (2) Rue, 
was not living when his will was made Janu- 
ary 12, 1802. Matthew (2) and Mary Rue 



had children: I. Adam, died in Bristol, 1849, 
leaving two sons and three daughters. 2. 
Richard, died unmarried. 3. Lewis, men- 
tioned below. 4. Jjar.sheba, wife of Joshua 
Wright. 5. Christiana. 6. Elijah. 7. Jacob. 

(V) Lewis, third son of Matthew (2) and 
Mary (Weaver) Rue, was born January 31, 
1788, in Middletown township, died at New- 
portville in Bristol township, August 9, 1863. 
He was a harness maker and lived all his life 
in J'.ri.stol. He married Ann, daughter of 
Stephen Stackhouse, born January 30, 1797, 
(lied December 2, 1868. Children: Edmund, 
.Samuel S., Elizabeth (married Charles Wal- 
ton) of Andalusa, Bucks county), Henry and 
Mary Ann. The second son was for many 
years an undertaker in Bristol, where he was 
succeeded by his son, Harvey. 

(\I) Edmund, eldest son of Lewis and 
Ann (Stackhouse) Rue, was born October 27,, 
1825. in Newportville and clied in Burlington, 
New Jersey, September 26, 1897. He attended 
the common schools of his native town, and 
learned the harness-makers' trade with his 
father, which furnished his occupation during 
most of his life. He retired from active busi- 
ness about five years previous to his death. 
In March, 1865, he removed to Burlington, 
New Jersey, and was there engaged in the 
harness business on his own account until his 
retirement. He was a Methodist and active 
in church work, being a member of the official 
board and treasurer of the L'nion street Meth- 
odist Church in Burlington for a period of 
thirty years. In politics he was a consistent 
Republican. He married Roxanna S. Allen, 
daughter of William and Eliza (Goforth) 
Allen, born October 16, 1825, died January 6, 
19CK}. William, son of Israel .XUen, was born 
June 24, 1793. Eliza, daughter of William 
and Isabella (ioforth, was born December 31. 
1792, died October 28, 1829. Ciiildren of 
Edmund and Roxanna S. (Allen) Rue: Will- 
iam .\., died at the age of twenty-five years; 
Eugene, died in childhood ; Caleb Taylor, men- 
tioned below. 

(\'II) Caleb Taylor, only surviving child 
of Edmund and Roxanna S. (Allen) Rue, was 
born June 20. 1859, in Newportville and grew 
up in Burlington county, New Jersey, whither 
tiic family removed when he was about six 
years old. He received his education in the 
public schools of that town and Burlington 
College, a military institution. Early in life, 
he went to work for the Pennsylvania rail- 
road, on Fourth street, I'hiladeljihia, in the 
office of auditor of passenger receipts, and re- 

mained there two years. He subsec|uently 
engaged in the wool business with Edward A. 
Green & Company of Philadelphia, and for the 
last twelve years has been engaged in the 
trade in cotton yarns with a commission house 
in the same city. For seventeen years he 
traveled through the country from the east to 
the middle west and is now city salesman for 
Aluller, Riddle & Company, located at 206 
Chestnut street in Philadelphia. He has con- 
tinued as a resident in Burlington. Mr. Rue has 
always taken an active interest in political 
matters, acting with the Republican party, 
and was president of the common council of 
Burlington in 1894. He was a member of 
the convention which nominated John \\ . 
Griggs for governor of New Jersey, and of 
that which chose delegates to the national con- 
vention in 1908. In November, 1906, he was 
elected mayor of Burlington and discharged 
the duties of that office with credit to himself 
and to the satisfaction of his constituency. He 
is a member of Burlington Lodge, No. 32, A. 
F. and A. M. : of Boudinot Chapter, No. 3, 
R. .\. M.: ami Helena Commandery, No. 3. 
K. T. 1 le has been for twenty years affiliated 
with the Masonic fraternity, and is a member 
of Lu Lu Temple, Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine, of Philadelphia. He is a member of 
Burlington Lodge, No. 22, I. O. O. P., of 
F>urlington, and of Lodge No. 996, B. P. O. E., 
of the same place. The principles of fellow- 
shi]) and charity towards mankind, as main- 
tained by these orders, have been governing 
l>rinciplcs in the conduct of Mr. Rue's life, and 
he enjoys the esteem and regard of a large 
number of people. 

He married, in 1893. Mary Collom, daughter 
of lilias D. andJ\ate (Love) Collom, of Phil- 
adel]ihia. .She is a granddaughter of William 
Collom, who maintained a boarding school 
many years ago at Mt. Holly, New Jersey, 
was a Baptist clergyman, and served a term 
in the state legislature. He also filled a re- 
sponsible position under President Lincoln 
(hiring tlie civil war. 

l'"rom the records of the ])ro- 
Sri\.()CD ceedings of the English house 
of commons we learn that on 
Wednesday, .April 16, 1621, Sir \\'illiam 
Stroud moved that "Tobacco be banished 
wholly out of the kingdom and that it may not 
be brought in from any ])art nor used amongst 
us." This was during the reign of King James 
1. and shows that the knight was even then im- 
bued with the s])irit of reform. That he was 





a favorite with his constituents is proven by 
the fact that he kejit his seat through the stir- 
ring days of the reign of Charles I. 

liistory also states that Pyin, Hampden, 
Ilazelrigg, Mollis, and Stroud, all members of 
the house "bravely resisted this king in his un- 
just measures." So much more vehement 
were they than the others, that January 4, 
1642, His Majesty "suddenly appeared in the 
House and after calling the names of these 
five men, accused them of treason and de- 
manded that they be given up to him." As 
is well known, the house refused to do any 
such thing, and many descendants of Sir Will- 
iam Stroud are now to be found in Great 
i'ritain, especially in the town of Stroud, 
county (iloucester, and it is said that it is 
from among his grandchildren that the 
Stroud s (if I'ennsylvania and New Jersey are 
descended. The crest of the Stroud family 
was : Demi lion couped. Motto : Malo mori 
c|uam facdari. meaning, I would rather die 
than be dishonored. A copy of the same can 
be seen in the P'airburn ISook of Crests, plate 

(I) Thomas Strcnid, founder of the pres- 
ent branch of the family, was born in Eng- 
land, September 30, 1758, and came to this 
country when he was yet a young man, set- 
tling in Chester county, Pennsylvania, where 
he farmed until his death, February 6, 1822. 
Thomas Stroud married. May 22, 1787, Sarah 
Hoxworth, a native of Valley Forge, Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, born August 20, 
1767, died December 29, 1838. Both she and 
her husband were buried in Hephzibah, the old 
Chester county Baptist graveyard. Mrs. 
Stroud's sister Elizabeth married Benjamin 
Franklin Hancock, of Philadelphia, and one 
of their two children was General Winfield 
Scott Hancock The Hoxworths originally 
spelt their name Hawkesworth, and members 
of the family which was of English and Welsh 
extraction served in the French and Indian 
wars, in the revolution, and in the war of 
1812. Thomas and Sarah (Hoxworth) 
Stroud had eleven children: i. Margaret, 
born February 14. 1788, died August 28, 181 1 ; 
married James Potts and moved west. 2. 
Mary, January 2, 1790, married Lewis Windle, 
July 25, 1810, and had twelve children. 3. 
Peter, referred to below. 4. Thomas, De- 
cember 28, 1794. 5. Sarah, April 11, 1797. 
6. Israel, April 8, 1799, died 1880; married 
Margaret Ciibson. of Chester county, Pennsyl- 
vania. 7. Elizabeth, August i, 1801. 8. Will- 
iam, January 20, 1804, married Ann M. 

Merves. 9. Joshua, January 22, 1806, married 
Hannali W. Merves, and dietl November i, 
1870. 10. Eleanor, July 6, 1808, died June 8, 
1878; married Isaac Hinkson. 11. Charlotte, 
October 8, 1810, died February 2", 1887; mar- 
ried Samuel Hinkson. 

(II) Peter, third child and eldest son of 
Thomas and Sarah (Hoxworth) Stroud, was 
born in Highland township, Chester county, 
Pennsylvania, April 29, 1792, died there March 
26, 1847, after an illness of one year. He was 
a farmer. He married Margaret, daughter of 
Thomas and Elizabeth Shields, of Chester 
county, in 1 82 1. She was born November 29, 
1795, at East Fallowfield township, died Sep- 
tember 22, 1865, after an illness of ten days 
from a carbuncle on the back of her neck. The 
children of Peter and Margaret (Shields) 
Stroud were : i JeiTerson Mountford, born 
November 4, 1819; died August 18, 1844; 
married Ruth Ann Parke. 2. Benjamin Frank- 
lin, August 17, 1821 ; died April 8, 1870; mar- 
ried Hannah Ann Fritz. 3. Joseph Cassius, 
referred to below. 4. Thomas Shields, Octo- 
ber 16, 1825; died April 8, i860; unmarried. 
5. David Parke, February 6, 1828; died Au- 
gust 8, 1861 ; unmarried. 6. Caleb Hurford, 
July 20, 1830; died September 18, 1900; mar- 
ried Louise Harley. 7. Joshua Van Horn, 
July 30, 1 83 1 ; died September 27, 1831. 8. 
Elizabeth Jane, September 13, 1833; died Feb- 
ruary 5, 1907; married John R. McClellan. 9. 
Peter Van Buren, June 24, 1836; a practicing 
physician at Marlton, New Jersey; he read 
medicine with his brother. Dr. Joseph C. 
Stroud, and graduated from the University of 
Pennsylvania, March 14, 1861. 10. Lee An- 
drews, January 5, 1839; married Emily M. 
Snare; he died very suddenly, November 13, 

(III) Joseph Cassius, third child and son of 
Peter and Margaret (Shields) Stroud, was 
born near Parksburg, Chester county, Penn- 
sylvania, August 21, 1823; died May 23, 1890; 
he was buried in the Colestown cemetery, near 
Moorestown. He graduated from Marshall- 
town Academy in 1842, worked on his father's 
farm and then learned the wheelwright's trade, 
and worked at that until 1846. He then studied 
medicine under Dr. Andrew W. Murphy, of 
Parkesburg, until 1848, when he entered the 
Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, 
graduating therefrom March 6, 1851, and com- 
ing to Moorestown, New Jersey, in September 
of the same year where he began the practice 
of his profession. December 25, 1851, Joseph 
Cassius Stroud, married (first) Elizabeth, 



daughter of J. S. Fletcher, of Philadelphia. 
Sejjtember 9, 1852, she was injured by the 
explosion of a coal oil lamp, and died from the 
effects five days later ; without issue. January 
15, 1862, he married (second) Annie AL, born in 
l'hiladflj)hia, I'ebruary 19, 1840, daughter of 
George and Eliza Dull, of Moorestown. Their 
children were: I. F"ranklin Gilbert, referred 
to below. 2. Lincoln Grant, born March 11, 
1865; died January 29, 1897; unmarried. 3. 
Joseph Haines, May 27, 1867; married (first) 
October 29, 1892, Ida Green of Philadelphia, 
born November 21, 1871, died September 13, 
1893, without issue; married (second) April 
22, 1896, Abbie Eldridge, of Cape May, who 
has borne him two children, Paul Eldridge, 
December 14, 189^), and Mildred, F'ebruary 26, 

(IV) Franklin Gilbert, eldest child of Dr. 
Joseph Cassius and Annie M. (Dull) Stroud, 
was born at Moorestown, New Jersey, Octo- 
ber 30, 1862, and is now living and practicing 
the profession of medicine in that town, lie 
graduated from the ( iiffin Academy, near 
Moorestown, in 1881, and in the fall of the 
same year entered the Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege at Philadelphia, from which he graduated 
Ajjril 2, 1885. He began the practice of his 
jjrofession. In 1886 he decided to take up a 
sjiecialty of the diseases of the throat and nose, 
and removing to Camden, New Jersey, he was 
appointed a consulting physician in that de- 
partment of the Jeft'erson Medical College 
Hospital. In the summer of 1887 he decided 
to continue his studies in Europe, and in con- 
sequence he s])ent nine months in the general 
hospitals of X'ienna, Austria, and three more 
in the hospitals of London, Dublin, Paris, 
P)russels and Heidelberg. On his return he 
went into general practice with his father in 
Moorestown as his father's health was then 
very much impaired. Dr. Stroud is very active 
in state, county and townshi]) at^'airs and also 
in secret society matters. He is and always 
has been a staunch Republican. He has served 
as coroner for the county, on the board of 
education, on the board of health, and as health 
insjicctor. Owing to his carefulness he holds 
the ])osition of medical examiner in several 
large life insurance companies. He is a mem- 
ber of the national, state, county and local 
medical societies, and has been honored by 
being chosen president more than once in most 
of them. He is also a member of the F. and 
A. M. His religious belief is with the Baptist 

October 30, 1890, Franklin Gilbert Stroud 

married Martha Rudolph, born at Marlborough 
-New Jersey, March 4, i8C)8, daughter of Ed- 
mund and Julia Ann (Stretch) Shimp, of 
Camden. New Jersey, and they have one son, 
Frank Edmund, born at Moorestown, Novem- 
ber 17, 1891, in the same room of the same 
house in which his father was born 

The New Jersey branch of the 
C^SMOND rjsmond family was trans- 
planted from Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, where the family settled at an 
early date. The first of the family of record 
was Isaac, who was bom in Bristol, Bucks 
county ; married .\nn Hughes and had issue. 

( II ) John Thomas, son of Isaac and i\nn 
( Hughes ) Osmond, was born in Bristol, Pemi- 
sylvania, November 26, 1816; died x\ugust 28, 
1896. His education was received in the com- 
mon school. He learned the trade of carriage 
painting and trimming, at which he was em- 
])loyed as a journeyman until his removal to 
P>ordentown. New Jersey, where he engaged 
in business for himself. Retiring from busi- 
ness life, he entered the employ of the old Cam- 
den & Amboy railroad, rising with rapid strides 
to the responsible position of train despatcher 
at Bordentown, the headquarters of the Camden 
& .\mboy railroad. During the war the Camden 
(S: Ambov moved large bodies of troops over 
their lines and the duty of handling the great 
number of extra trains devolved upon Mr. 
Osmond. .After the leasing of the Camden 
& .Amboy by the Pennsylvania railroad, he was 
retained by the latter company and appointed 
ticket agent at Ijordentown. New Jersey, where 
he remained in charge until within a few years 
of his death. His political faith was Demo- 
cratic, and as representative of that party he 
served as county commissioner, common coun- 
cilman, and in many local positions. He was a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, a 
trustee and class leader. He married, Decem- 
ber 30, 1837, Lydia McGill, born July 6, 1816, 
in Lowelville, Ohio, died May 17, 1900, the 
daughter of Joseph and Rebecca Howell Mc- 
(iill. [ose])h McGill was born in Scotland or 
on the high seas, the son of John McGill. who 
came from Scotland to America, settling in 
( )hio with his wife Nancy (Howell) Mc(iill. 
Six children were born to John Thomas and 
Lydia (McGill) Osmond: i. Rebecca, married 
James W. Rice, of Bordentown ; both deceased. 
2. Edward, a locomotive engineer: now de- 
ceased: married l'',lizabeth Keen, of Columbus 
New Jersey, and left Charles. .Sarah. Edward, 
Morgan and Blanche. 3. Thomas, a locomotive 



engineer ; resident of Philadelphia ; married 
Alary, daughter of Edgar and Annie Wright, 
of IJordcntown. 4. George, a cigar manu- 
facturer, of Ijordentown ; now deceased ; mar- 
ried Abigail, daughter of William and Sarah 
Atkinson, of Bordentown, and left children, 
Joseph D., Lydia and Clara. 5. Joseph Lott, 
see forward. 6. John F., a railroad conductor ; 
resident of Newark. New Jersey ; married 
Ann Evans, of Bristol, Pennsylvania. 

( III ) Josej)h Lott, fifth child of Jolin Thomas 
and Lydia (McGill) Osmond, was born in 
Bordentown, New Jersey, December 29, 185 1 
He was educated in the schools of his native 
town, lie early became interested in his father's 
business, and having learned telegraphy enter- 
ed the employ of the Camden & Amboy rail- 
road in Bordentown, New Jersey, later became 
train despatcher at Trenton, New Jersey, for 
the Pennsylvania railroad, where he worked 
for a year, then until 1875 in Jersey City and 
New York. Since 1875 '^^ has been in I'hila- 
delphia, and for the past thirty years has been 
chief operator of the Philadelphia office of the 
Pennsylvania railroad. During his thirty-five 
years' service in Philadelphia, Mr. Osmond 
has maintained his residence in Bordentown, 
where he is actively interested in the business, 
religious and social life of that city. He is 
president of the Board of Trade, and Improve- 
ment Association ; director of the First Na- 
tional Bank; president of the Citizen Hook and 
Ladder Company; member of the Board of 
Sewer Commissioners ; member of Chosen 
Friends Encampment, No. 6, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows ; recorder of Good In- 
tent Lodge, No. 19, Ancient Order United 
Workmen. He is a member of the Presby- 
terian church and an elder of the Bordentown 
congregation of that faith. He is a Democrat 
in politics, and for two terms represented his 
ward in the common council. 

IVIr. Osmond married, November 14, 1876, 
Josephine B., daughter of Charles and Sarah 
Ann (Bowker) Shreve, of Barnsboro, New 
Jersey. Children: i. Carrie, born December 
26, 1877: married Corbit Strickland Hoffman, 
of Clarksboro, New Jersey, a lieutenant in the 
regular L^nited States amiy. First Infantry, at 
present stationed at Vancouver Barracks, state 
of \\'ashington ; they have one son, Corbit 
Hoffman. 2. Sarah Shreve. 3. Charles Shreve, 
twin of Sarah, born June 24. 1874, at Borden- 
town, New Jersey; he was educated in" the 
public schools of Bordentown and Pearce's 
Business College, Philadelphia, and finishing 
at the Bordentown Military Institute ; he 

studied architecture, and for seven years was 
with Furnace Evans & Company, of Philadel- 
phia ; in 1905 he entered the service of the 
International Mercantile Marine Comi)any as 
passenger agent at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
a connection that is yet unbroken ; he has at- 
tained high rank in the Masonic order in his 
native city ; he is worshipful master of Mt. 
Moriah Lodge, No. 28, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; past high priest of Mt. Moriah Chap- 
ter, No. 26, Royal Arch Masons, and past 
eminent commander of Ivanhoe Commandery, 
No. 26, Knights Templar; he is a noble of the 
Crescent Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine : 
he is a member of Yepew Boat Club and Citi- 
zen Hook and Ladder Company ; in political 
belief he is a Republican. Charles S. Osmond 
married, October 4, 1907, Aimee Evans, daugh- 
ter of James and Elizabeth Robinson, of Bel- 
fast, Ireland; now resident of Trenton, New 

Like many others of the old 
COMFORT pioneers to the new world in 
search of a place where they 
could worship God according to their own 
ideas in peace, the founder of the Comfort 
famih' had to seek it in more than one place. 
Consequently pilgrim, as he is sometimes called, 
would seem to be rather his proper title than 

( I ) John Comfort, the first of the name 
about which anything is known, came over 
to the new world and for a while lived in 
Flushing, Long Island, but having either be- 
fore or after his arrival in America adopted 
the tenets of George Fox and his disciples, he 
found himself so out of sympathy with his 
surroundings that he removed to Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, in 1719, and the following year 
married there Mary, daughter of Stephen and 
Sarah (Baker) Wilson. Her mother, who liad 
married Stephen Wilson, in 1692, was the 
daughter of Henry and Margaret Baker, who 
had come from Derby, county Lancaster, Eng- 
land, to Bucks county, Penn.sylvania. bringing 
a certificate from the Hardshaw meeting in 
1684. The two children of John and Mary 
(Wilson) Comfort were: i. Stephen, referred 
to below. 2. Robert. 

(H) Stephen, son of John and Mary (Wil- 
son) Comfort, was born in Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, February 26, 1721 ; died Decem- 
ber II, 1800. He married, in 1744, Mercy, 
born December 28, 1724, daughter of Jeremiah 
Croasdale and Grace, daughter of Robert 
Heaton and Grace, daughter of Thomas and 


Grace Pearson. Jeremiah Croasdale was the 
son of Ezra and .Ann (Peacock) Croasdale. 
The children of Stephen and Mercy (Croas- 
dale) Comfort were; i. John, born October 
5, 1745: married, 1771, Mary, daughter of 
John Woolnian, and died in February, 1820. 
2. Ezra, referred to below. 3. Jeremiah, born 
.August 26, 1750, of whom it is related that 
having passed the meeting for marriage he 
had a "concern on his mind" which prevented 
him from proceeding, and his presentiment was 
shortly afterwards verified by his death. 4. 
Stephen, Jr., born February 26, 1753; married, 
1776, Sarah Stephenson. 5. Grace, August 5, 
1755 ; married Jonathan Stackhouse. 6. Mercy, 
born September 28, 1757 ; married, 1787, Aaron 
I'hilips. 7. Moses, born April 4, 1760; died 
April. 1838; married, 1782, Elizabeth Mitchell. 
8. Robert, born December 24, 1763; died June 
12, 1851 ; lived in Knox county, C)hio, and 
married, 1786, Mary Parry. 9. Hannah, born 
July 10, 1765. 

( III ) Ezra, second child and son of Stephen 
and Mercy (Croasdale) Comfort, was born 
October 8. 1747; died January 15, 1820. He 
married, in 1776, Alice Fell. One of their 
children relates in regard to this marriage that 
'"the pig would have been killed for the wed- 
ding only that it got out the night before and 
ran away." Alice (Fell) Comfort died No- 
vember 6, 1840. The children of Ezra and 
Alice (Fell) Comfort were: i. and 2. Eliza- 
beth and Mercy, twins, born November 12, 
1772. 3. Grace, March 2, 1774. 4. John, Sep- 
tember 17, 1775. 5. Ezra, Jr., referred to 
below. 6. Alice, February 23, 1779. 

(IV) Ezra (2), fifth child and second son 
of Ezra (i) and Alice (Fell) Comfort, was 
born in Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, 
April 18, 1777; died August 29, 1847. He was 
a farmer, a speaker in Friends' meeting and 
very active in everything pertaining to the 
society. He married, at Quakcrtown, Peim- 
sylvania, Margaret Shoeinaker, who died 
March 31, 1873, at the age of ninety-one years. 
I'heir children were: I. Sarah, died April i, 
1884, aged eighty-three years; married Hughes 
Hell, of Haddonfield, New Jersey. 2. Jane, 
died March 17, 1873, aged sixty-eight years; 
married Charles Lippincott. 3. Ann, married 
Isaac Jones. 4. John S. 5. Alice, married 
George I f averstick. 6. Jeremiah, died June 
27, 1887, aged seventy-one years. 7. David, 
referred to below. 8. Margaret, died Septem- 
ber 8, 18 — , aged forty-one years; married 
Henry Warrington. 9. C^racc, married Charles 

( \') David, the seventh child and third son 
of Ezra (2) and Margaret (Shoemaker) Com- 
fort, was born at Norristown, Pennsylvania, 
May 24, 1818; died November 12, 1899. He 
was educated at the Westtown boarding school 
in Chester county, Pennsylvania, and for a 
time engaged in farming in Norristown, later 
coming to jMoorestown, New Jersey, where he 
bought a farm and continued his occupation 
until late in life. He was a Republican, and a 
member of the Orthodox Friends, being one 
of the overseers and sitting at the head of the 
meeting for nearly twenty years. He married 
Sarah .Ann, born August 14. 1822, died July, 
1888, daughter of John and Ann (Hall) Bacon, 
of Greenwich, New Jersey. Their children 
were: i. John, who is in business at Columbus, 
liurlington county; a director in the Union 
P.ank and Trust Company, of Mt. Holly; he 
married (first) Sarah A. Leech, who bore him 
one child, Mary R., who married Charles Cars- 
lake, and has three children : William, Edward 
and Sarah; he married (second) Annie C. 
Wright, and (third) Elizabeth Lippincott. 2. 
Maurice Bacon, referred to below. 3. Anna 
M., married Howard G. Taylor, a farmer of 
Riverton, New Jersey, and secretary of the 
Horticultural Society, and has two children : 
Howard G. and Alice C. 

(\ I) Maurice Bacon, second child and son 
of David and Sarah Ann (Bacon) Comfort, 
was born at Moorestown, March 11, 1854, and 
is now living in the place of his birth. He was 
educated in the Aloorestown schools and West- 
town boarding school, Chester county, Penn- 
sylvania, and has ever since followed farming, 
having a large stock farm outside of the town 
where he makes a specialty of boarding horses 
for city persons and others. He has served as 
member of Burlington county committee, and 
of the Chester township committee. He has 
also served as a delegate to many state and 
county conventions. In March, 1898, he was 
a])pointed by President Theodore Roosevelt as 
postmaster of Moorestown. and he has devoted 
all his time since then to this position which he 
still holds. He is an Orthodox Friend. He 
married (first) Caroline Hartman, daughter 
of Edward Randolph Maule, of !\Ioorestown, 
who died July 28, 1899, leaving him with one 
child, Edward Maule, referred to below. May, 
1908, he married (second) Catharine, daugh- 
ter of Isaac and Catharine T. Shotwell, of 

(VTI) Edward ATaule, only child of Maurice 
Bacon and Caroline Hartman (Maule) Com- 
fort, was born in Moorestown, July i, 1888. 



He was educated at the Moorestown school 
and graduated from the Westtown boarding 
school, Chester county, Pennsylvania. He is 
now in the dry goods house of Watson & Com- 
pany, of Philadelphia, and lives with his father 
in Moorestown. 

The branch of the Megargee 
MEGARGEE family that settled in New 

Jersey descends from the 
Pennsylvania family of that name. It is not 
possible to say just when the family first set- 
tled in Pennsylvania. The records, however, 
show that they were farmers and land owners 
near Philadelphia prior to the year 1800. 
While it is not possible to clearly show the 
connection, it is strongly believed that the New 
Jersey branch is of the same lineal descent as 
Jacob Megargee, and the Philadelphia family 
descending from him. 

(I) George Megargee, who died March 3, 
1835; married, at Abington, Pennsylvania, 
Sarah Myers, born Alay 17, 1785, died Octo- 
ber 17, 1866. She was a daughter of Philip 
and Mary (Kaheen) Myers, who were mar- 
ried, November 19, 1778. Children of George 
and Sarah (Myers) Alegargee: i. Deborah, 
born May 4, 1805; died April 30, 1854; she 
married Hiram Rice. 2. George D., October 

19, 1806. 3. Kizia, April 30, 1809; died Octo- 
ber 6, 1826. 4. Myers, February 3, 181 1 ; died 
.^pril 14, 1836. 5. Albanus, July 9, 1814. 6. 
Jane, April 3, 1817: died July 31, 1818. 7. 
John T., June 24, 1820; died November 25, 
1823. 8. Amanda, August 19, 1823; died Oc- 
tober 2, 1866. 9. James White, see forward. 

(II) James White, youngest son and child 
of George and Sarah (Myers) Megargee, was 
born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, October 

20, 1829; died August 18, 1900. His father 
died when he was but five years of age, and 
he was taken into the home of Charles Haines, 
who resided on a farm near Riverside, New 
Jersey. He was educated in the town schools, 
and reared to the life of a farmer, which occu- 
pation he followed all his life. He became a 
land owner and cultivated his own farm. In 
his later days he was a member of the house- 
hold of his son, George Elwood Megargee, 
then residing on a farm, near Moorestown, 
New Jersey. James W. Megargee was a Dem- 
ocrat and held fraternal affiliations with the 
I. O. O. F. He married at ]\Ioorestown, New 
Jersey, October 24, 185 1, Sarah W., daughter 
of Elwood and Mary (Wright) Borton, and 
granddaughter of Abram Borton. Nine chil- 
dren were born to James W. and Sarah W. 


(Borton) Megargee: i. George Elwood, see 
forward. 2. Flora Virginia, born June 2, 1855; 
died August i, 1855. 3. Anna Mary, January 
10, 1858. 4. Margaretta S., November 22, 
1859: died October 14, 1881. 5. Edward Royal, 
March 10, 1865, married Mary Horner. 6. 
James Harrison, February 14, 1867; died Sep- 
tember 24, 1908 : he married Margaret Carter, 
of Camden, New Jersey, and has Helen and 
Sarah. 7. Elizabeth Borton, May 27, 1868; 
married John M. Stow, and has Margaretta 
and (jeorge Cliiiford Stow. 8. William Clif- 
ford, January 14, 1875; died February 19, 
1893. 9. Ella Borton, January 18, 1876; mar- 
ried Leroy Pickcrsgill, D. D. S., of Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania. 

(HI) George Elwood, eldest son and child 
of James White and Sarah W. (Borton) Me- 
gargee, was born near Moorestown, New 
Jersey. He was educated under private tuition 
antl at Farnum Preparatory School, Beverly, 
New Jersey. He decided upon the profession 
of teaching as his life work and after fitting 
himself for the work he began teaching in the 
district schools. He is a well known and valued 
instructor who has earned the promotions that 
have come to him through his earnest and de- 
voted efforts to better school conditions and 
raise the standard of excellence in the schools 
for whose welfare he was responsible. For 
eleven years he was a teacher in the Friends' 
high school, of Moorestown, going from there 
to assume the duties of principal of the Moores- 
town public school. He later was made super- 
vising principal in charge of all the schools of 
Chester township. For sixteen years he has 
held this important post and they have been 
years fruitful of good to the pupils and pat- 
rons of the schools. Professor Megargee had 
also served the town as a member of the board 
of education of Cinnaminson township. This 
has not been through the favor of either poli- 
tical party as he is extremely independent in 
politics. He is a member and vestryman of the 
Moorestown Protestant Episcopal church. He 
holds fraternal fellowship in the I. O. O. F. 
He resides on a fine farm outside of Moores- 
town and in his "oft' duty" hours there indulges 
in his inherited love of the soil. Professor 
Megargee is unmarried. 

This name has been common in 
REEDER New Jersey since the beginning 

of the eighteenth century, and 
the members of the family have been promi- 
nent in all public affairs. Four brothers, Jacob, 
John, Jeremiah and Joseph Reeder, appear on 



the patent of the town of Newton, Long Island, 
in ibSb. and the history of that town states 
they came from England direct to this place, 
although there is a tradition that a John Reeder, 
who lived in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1050, 
afterwards removed to Newton. Many of the 
family removed from Newton to Ewing, New 
Jersey, in i/io, and since that time the name 
has been frequently met with in that state. 

(I) Thomas H. Reeder was born May 15, 
1790: died September 15, 1857. He was a 
carpenter and bridge builder, and worked 
chiefly in the vicinity of Lambertville, New 
Jersey. Mr. Reeder married (first) .\ima, 
"born January 9, 1794, died May 25, 1838, 
daughter of William and Sarah \\ ilson ; Will- 
iam Wilson was born March 15. 1750, died 
October 13, 1812; Thomas 11. and Anna 
Reeder had seven children: 1. \\illiam W., 
born September 25, 181 5. 2. Charles, .August 
2, 1817. 3. Thomas H., Jr., 18, 1819. 
4. John, January 27, 1822. 5. Joseph, March 
24, 1823. 6. Sarah .Ann, October 9, 1825. 7. 
Elizabeth, January 31, 1830. He married (sec- 
ond) Rosanna Smith, by whom he had two 
children: 8. John Wesley, October 28, 1847; 
lives at Jenkintown, near Philadelphia. 9. Ed- 
ward l!., February 16. 1852; resides in Phila- 

(II) Joseph, son of Thomas H. and Anna 
(Wilson) Reeder, was born March 24, 1823, 
at Lambertville, New Jersey; died January 
14, 1886. When a boy he engaged to work 
for twenty-four dollars a year, and went to 
school winters only. Later he removed to 
Trenton, New Jersey, where he learned marble 
cutting. He had charge of a business in New 
\'ork, established himself in business in Flem- 
ington, \'ew Jersey, and also engaged in busi- 
ness ni tile same line on his own account in 
,\It. Ili'lly. Xew Jersey. Later he removed to 
Duck Island, where he began raising tobacco. 
He was a ]iioneer in the sand business, at 
White Hill engaged in procuring sand for 
building pur])oses, and later had dredges on the 
river for raising sand ; he continued this lucra- 
tive business until his death, a period of many 
years. He was president of a dredging com- 
pany at the time of his death, and had also 
iieen for some tiiue superintendent for the 
Knickerbocker Ice Comjjany. Mr. Reeder was 
a Republican in his views, but took no very 
active part in political afifairs, and in his relig- 
ious o])inions was very liberal. He was a 
member of the .American Mechanics. He mar- 
ried Catherine, daughter of Truman and Lucy 
Sweet, of Trenton, New Jersey, and they liad 

nine chiklren, the first two of whom died in 
infancy. Those who arrived to years of 
maturity were: 1. Josephine, married James 
Harris. 2. Lucy .\nn, married Samuel H. 
Russell. 3. Horace (_ireeley, referred to below. 
4. Clara E., married Harry Carter, of Newark, 
New Jersey. 5. Alice, married Theodore Car- 
ter. (). Lillie, married William H. West, of 
Newark. 7. Thomas A., steamboat cajJtain : 
resides at White Hill, New Jersey. 

( III ) Horace Greeley, son of Joseph and 
Catherine ( Sweet ) Reeder, was born October 
31, 1853, ^t Mount Holly, New Jersey. He was 
educated in the public schools of Fieldsboro 
and at Haas School, now the site of the mili- 
tary school. When a young man he learned 
the trade of machinist with Thompson & Mott, 
at White Hill, serving three years, and then 
entered the employ of the Knickerbocker Ice 
Company, locating machines and filling ice 
plants. In 1881 he was employed by the dredg- 
ing company with which his father was con- 
nected, and by his diligence and zeal worked 
his way up until he was the owner; he is now 
manager, sujjerintendent and director of the 
Delaware River Sand Dredging Company, in 
which he owns most of the stock. He is also 
the owner of boats by which sand is trans- 
I)orted to Philadelphia for building pur])oses. 
He often receives commissions from the United 
States government for dredging, planting 
buoys, etc. IVIr. Reeder is thorough master 
of all the details of the business in which he 
is engaged, and has made a thorough study of 
the machinery and methods of dredging. In 
1886 he invented a labor saving device to use 
on dredges, namely : a dredge machine distrib- 
utor, and was the first to use,a belt instead of 
cogs on the machine. .\s a member of the 
.Atlantic Deeper Waterways Association, whose 
ofiices are in the Crozer building, Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, and whose object is the develop- 
ment of Interior Waterways along the Atlantic 
Coast, yir. Reeder was one of a i)arty of seven 
ai5i)ointed in May, 1909, to inspect the Dela- 
ware and Raritan Canal ; the other members of 
the ])arty were Messrs. Moore, .Atkin, Wanger. 
Donnelly and Burk. The purpose of the trip 
was to obtain information at first hand, and by 
observation, of jiresent canal conditions, as 
well as to obtain photographs illustrating the 
general subject. No great use is made of the 
Delaware and Raritan Canal at present for 
two reasons, first because the canal, built more 
than seventy years ago, is too small to permit 
of economical shi])ments in the present day, 
and second because its management for the 

J^/C-T^c^.^:-?:, ^ ddc^Cel^^ 



last thirty years has been directed towards a 
diversion of the canal business to the parallel 
and competing railroads. Mr. Reeder takes 
a keen interest in public affairs and improve- 
ments, and is a Republican in his political 
views. He has served ten years as a member 
of the school board, and is a member of the 
township committee. He is a member of 
Mount Moriah Lodge, No. 28, Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons ; Mount Moriah Chapter, 
Xo. 20, Royal Arch Masons, of Bordentown ; 
.\tlantic Deeper Waterways Association, and 
the Yapiwi Aquatic Boat Club, He is liberal 
in religious views. He resides at Bordentown. 
Mr. Reeder married, in 1876, Alice H., 
daughter of John and Maria (\'ai!) Harned, 
of Yardville, New Jersey. She is a Friend in 
religion and belongs to the meeting at Cross- 
wicks, New Jersey. Children: i. Horace 
( ireeley, Jr., born October 24, 1876; died at 
the age of ten years. 2. Walter Lewis, born 
September 16, 1879; after preliminary edu- 
cation attended high school and business col- 
lege, and then took a course at the Scranton 
School of Correspondence: at the age of nine- 
teen he took charge of work on dredging ma- 
chines, and is now connected with dredging 
and tug boats, being secretary and treasurer 
of the Delaware River Sand Dredging Com- 
pany. 3. Ralph Howard, born May 3, 1883; 
attended high school and business college : em- 
jiloyed by the New York Shipbuilding Com- 
pany, and now has charge of one of the dredges 
on the river. 4. Joseph R., born October 7, 
1880: is attending Drexel Institute, Philadel- 
phia. 5. Grace Ingersoll, born January 23, 
1888; resides at home. 6. John Harned, born 
January 23, 1891 ; is now attending Drexel 
Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Walter 
Lewis and Ralph Howard are members of 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, Royal 
Arch Chapter, and Shrine, 

The name of I^ippincott 
LIPPIXXOTT is one of the oldest of the 

English surnames of local 
origin, having been traced back to the "Love- 
cote" of the Domesday Book of William the 
Conqueror, compiled in 1080. The place still 
bears its ancient name and is an estate lying 
near Hinghampton, Devonshire, England. Its 
earliest known derivative occurs in the name 
of Roger de Lovecote, who is recorded in the 
rolls of the king's court of the time of King 
John, 1 195. In 1274, in the reign of Edward 
1, the names of Jordanus de Loginggetot and 
Robertus de Lyvenscot and Thomas de Luf- 

kote appear in the Hundred Rolls ; while the 
manor of Luffincott, now in the parish of thai 
name, on the west border of Devonshire, and 
twenty miles distant from Lovecote, and an 
estate comprising nearly one thousand acres, 
was in 1243 the property of Robert de Lughen- 
cot, and remained in his family until 141 5, the 
property being also described in 1346 as "per- 
taining to Robert de Lyvenscot." Another 
branch of the family resided at Webworthy, 
pronounced "Wibbery," in northwestern 
Devon, where they held extensive estates for 
three hundred and fifty years. The name in 
this case is spelt Luppingcott and Luppin- 
cott. Of this line the last was Henry Luppin- 
cott, who lived at Barcelona, Spain, and died 
in 1779. \ branch of this family removed 
from Webworthy to Sidbury in East Devon 
about the middle of the si.xteenth century, and 
from them was descended Henry Lippmcott, 
who became a distinguished merchant of Bris- 
tol, was made a baronet in 1778 by King 
George III, and through his son Sir Robert 
Gaim Lippincott, baronet, became the ancestor 
of Robert Cann Lippincott and his sons Robert 
C. Cann Lippincott and Henry Cann Lippincott, 
whose descendants are probably the only liv- 
ing male representatives of this ancient branch 
of the family in England. The residence of 
this branch of the family is at Overcourt, near 

That the Lippincotts of England held a good 
position in the world is evidenced by the nu- 
merous coats-of-arms granted to them, no less 
than eight coats appearing to have been be- 
stowed upon gentlemen of the name, some of 
them almost if not quite as early as 1420, in 
which year John Lippingcott, of Wibbery, is 
found bearing his, from which by modification 
several of the later coats seem to be derived. 
Another arms, which diverges widely from the 
rest, and was most probably granted as early 
as the Crusades to one whose name was sjielt 
Luft'yngcotte, is thus described: "A black 
eagle, sprinkled with drops of blood and dis- 
played upon a shield of silver." In still an- 
other branch of the Devonshire Lippincotts 
the name appears to have gone through the 
trans fonnations of Leppingote, Leppingcotte, 
Leppyncott, and Lippincott, and according to 
the latest authorities it is from this branch that 
the American Lippingcotts are descended 
although the earlier authorities favor one of 
the other lines. 

(I) Richard Lippincott, the founder of the 
family in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, 
althou<rh belonging to a branch of the familv 



of liis contem])(.)raries and fellow-believers of 
too mild and ix-aceable a disposition to be 
either ha])]))' or contented amidst the con- 
ditions that prevailed in England during the 
latter years of the reign of Charles I, in con- 
sequence associated himself at an early date 
with the settlers of the colony of Massachu- 
setts Bay, and taking up his residence at Dor- 
chester he became a member of the church 
there, and April i, 1640, was chosen to one 
of the town offices, being made freeman by 
the court of Boston, May 13, 1640. Here his 
eldest son was born and was baptized Sep- 
tember, 1641. A few years later, however, 
he removed to Boston where his second son 
and eldest daughter were born and their bap- 
tisms entered on the records of the First 
Church at Boston ; in the entry of the son the 
father being noted as "a member of the church 
at Dorchester." This baptism was Novem- 
ber 10, 1644. Even New England Puritanism, 
however, was of too militant a character for 
Richard Lippincott, and he began to differ 
more and more from his brethren of the 
church in regard to some of their religious 
doctrines, and so tenacious of his opinions was 
he that on July 6, 1651, he was formally ex- 
communicated. About a year later, in 1652, 
Richard Lippincott returned to England in the 
hope that under the Commonw-ealth he might 
find a greater degree of religious liberty than 
was obtainable among his fellow-colonists in 
Massachusetts. That to some extent at least 
his hopes were gratified seems evident from 
the name of his third son, Restore or Re- 
stored, who was born at Plymouth, England, 
in the following year, 1652, as there can be no 
doubt that he received his name in commemo- 
ration of his father's restoration to his native 
land and to the communion of more congenial 
spirits. Just what Richard Lippincott's relig- 
ious views at this time were can only be a 
matter of conjecture, but they evidently har- 
monized more or less with those of George 
Fox and his adherents as shortly after his re- 
turn to England he became a member of the 
Society of Friends, and soon after his pro- 
fession of faith became a partaker with his 
fellow believers in their sufferings for their 
principles and in the persecutions to which 
they were subjected. In February, 1655, 
while he was residing at Plymouth, Devon- 
shire, the mayor of that town caused his arrest 
and imprisonment in the town jail near the 
castle of Exeter, his offense being it would 
appear that be had made the assertion that 
"Christ was the word of God and the Scrip- 

tures a declaration of the mind of God." 
Several months later, in May, 1655, according 
to Sewell's History of the Quakers, he, with 
others, testified against the acts of the mayor 
and the falsehood of the charges brought 
against them. In commemoration of this re- 
lease from imprisonment he named his next 
son, born that same year, Freedom. The 
following few years seem to have been com- 
paratively quiet ones with him, the only note- 
worthy events in his life being his making of a 
home for himself and family at Stone- 
house, near Pl_\inouth, and the birth of his 
daughter Increase in 1657, and of his son 
Jacob in 1660. In this last mentioned year he 
was again imprisoned by the mayor of Ply- 
mouth for his faithfulness to his religious con- 
victions, being arrested by the officers at and 
taken from a meeting of Friends in that city. 
His release was brought by the solicitations of 
^largaret Fell and others whose efforts in be- 
half of imprisoned Friends were so influential 
with the newly restored King Charles II as to 
obtain the liberation of many. In compari- 
son with this treatment in Boston, Richard 
Lippincott's e.xperiences in Plymouth were 
such that he at length determined to make an- 
other trial of the new world, and once more 
bidding farewell to his native land he sailed 
again for New England in 1661 or 1662, and 
took up his residence in Rhode Island, which 
juEJ3[0} Xj3.v XuojOD jsqdB'fi B aq oj punoj aq 
of varied forms of belief. Here his youngest 
son, Preserved, was born in 1663, and received 
his name in commemoration of his father's 
preservation from persecution and from the 
perils of the deep. le is a curious fact that, omit- 
ting the name of his third child, .\higail. who 
lived only a few weeks, the names of the chil- 
dren of Richard and Abigail Lippincott, taken 
in the order of their birth, form the words of 
a i)rayer, which needs only the addition of an- 
other son, called Israel, to be complete, thus : 
Remember John, Restore PVeedom, Increase ; 
Jacob, and Preserve (Israel). Whether this 
arrangement was accidental or was due to a 
premeditated design cannot be determined ; it 
is probably a coincidence, as although in strict 
accordance with the ways in fashion among 
the Puritans of that day, so complete an ar- 
rangement as this is extremely rare. 

In the Rliode Island colony each of the set- 
tlements was at first regarded as an independ- 
ent establishment : but in 1642 it was deter- 
mined to seek a patent from England, and 
Roger Williams having gone to the mother 
country for that purpose, obtained in 1644, 



tlirough the influence of the Earl of Warwick, 
a charter from ParHament uniting the settle- 
ments as the "Incorporation of Providence 
plantations in the Narragansett Bay in New 
England." Complete religious toleration was 
granted together with the largest measure of 
political freedom, but owing to jealousies and 
exaggerated ideas of individual importance, 
the settlements ilid not become really united 
until 1654 and it was nine years later that they 
sought and obtained their charter of "Rhode 
Island and the Providence plantations," from 
King Charles II, which served as the constitu- 
tion of the colony and state down to 1843. ^ri 
the following year, 1664, the Dutch Colony of 
New Netherland came into the possession of 
the English, and the next year, 1665, an asso- 
ciation was formed at Newport, Rhode Island, 
to purchase lands from the Indians, and a 
patent was granted to them. This movement 
had been initiated by the people of Gravesend, 
Long Island, but the residents of Newport 
were considerably in the majority and the 
success of the movement is mainly due to them 
and to their efforts in raising the greater part 
of the money to pay the Indians for their land 
and in inducing persons to settle on it. Of the 
eighty-three Newport subscribers who con- 
tributed towards buying the Monmouth 
county. New Jersey, lands from the Indians 
and towards defraying the incidental expenses 
in treating with the natives, Richard Lippin- 
cott gave by far the largest subscription, ii6, 
10 shillings, which was more than twice that 
of any other contributor except Richard Bor- 
den, whose amount was £11, 10 shillings. The 
first deed from the Indians is dated March 25, 
1665, and is for the lands at Xevesink, from 
the sachem Popomora and his brother Mish- 
acoing to James Hubbard, John Bowne. John 
Tilton, junior. Richard Stout, \\'illiam Gould- 
ing and Samuel Spicer, for and on behalf of 
the other subscribers. April 7. 1665, Popo- 
mora and his brother went over to New York 
and acknowledged the deed before Governor 
Nicolls, and the official copy is in the office of 
the secretary of state. New York, liber 3, page 
I. Another copy is preserved in the records 
of the proprietors of East Jersey at Perth 
Amboy, where there is also a map of the land 
embraced in the purchase, while still a third 
copy may be found in the office of the secre- 
tary of state at Trenton. Two other deeds 
followed and on April 8, 1665, Governor 
Nicolls signed the noted Alonmouth patent, one 
of the conditions of which was "that the said 
Patentees and their associates, their heirs or 

assigns, shall within the space of three years, 
beginning from the day of the date hereof, 
manure and plant the aforesaid land and prem- 
ises and settle there one hundred families at 
the least." The reason for the founding of 
the Monmouth settlements is given in the pat- 
ent as the establishment of "free liberty of 
Conscience without any molestation or dis- 
turbance whatsoever in the way of worship." 
In accordance with the terms of this patent, 
Richard Lippincott and his family removed 
from Rhode Island to Shrewsbury, New Jer- 
sey, among the earliest settlers of the place. 
With him went also a number of other mem- 
bers of the Society of Friends and they at 
once formed themselves into the Shrewsbury 
Meeting, which for a long time met at Rich- 
ard Lippincott's house. He himself was one 
of the most active of the Friends in the meet- 
ing and he was also one of the most prominent 
in all public matters. In 1667 the inhabitants 
of Middletown, Shrewsbury and other settle- 
ments included under the Monmouth patent, 
found themselves so far advanced, with dwell- 
ings erected and lands cleared that they had 
opportunity to take measures to establish a 
local government. Their grant from Nicolls 
authorized them to "pass such prudential laws 
as they deemed advisable" and as early as 
June. 1667, they held an assembly for that 
purpose at Portland Point, now called High- 
lands. On December 14 following another as- 
sembly was held at Shrewsbury: and although 
Governor Carteret and his council considered 
these assemblies as irregular they are never- 
theless the first legislative bodies that ever met 
in New Jersey. This "General Assembly of 
the Patentees and Deputies" continued to meet 
for many years and its original proceedings 
are still preserved. In 1669 Richard Lippin- 
cott was elected a member of the governor's 
council as one of the representatives from 
Shrewsbury, but being unwilling to lake the 
cath of allegiance unless it contained a proviso 
guaranteeing the patent rights of the Mon- 
mouth towns he was not allowed to take his 
scat. In the following year, 1670, he was 
elected by the town as an associate patentee, 
one of the "five or seven other persons of the 
ablest and rliscreetest of said inhabitants" who 
joined with the original patentees formed the 
assembly above mentioned, which according to 
Nicoll's patent had full power "to make such 
peculiar and prudential laws and constitutions 
amongst the inhabitants for the better and 
more orderly governing of them," as well as 
"liberty to try all causes and actions of debt< 



and trespass arising amongst the inhabitants 
to the value of £io." In 1676 the governor's 
council passed a law providing that any town 
sending deputies who "refused on their ar- 
rival to take the necessary oaths," should be 
liable to a fine of £10; consequently Richard 
Ei])pincott who was chosen to represent his 
town in 1677, did not attend, and as a result 
the council passed another act fining any mem- 
ber who absented himself, ten shillings for 
each day's absence. In 1670 the first meeting 
for worship was established by the Friends ; 
and in 1672 this was visited by George Fox 
who was entertained during his stay by Rich- 
ard Lipi)incott. His residence was on Passe- 
queneiqua creek, a branch of South Shrews- 
bury river, three-fourths of a mile northeast 
of the house of his son-in-law, Samuel Dennis, 
which stood three-fourths of a mile east of the 
town of Shrewsbury. Soon after this Rich- 
ard Li]3pincott made another and final voyage 
to England, where he was in 1675 when John 
Fenwick was ])reparing to remove to West 
Jersey: and on August 9, 1676. he obtained 
from F"enwick a patent for one thousand acres 
of land in his colony, which he probably pur- 
chased as a land speculation since neither he 
nor his children ever occupied any part of it. 
May 21. 1679, Richard Lippincott divided this 
plantation into five ec|ual parts, giving to each 
of his sons a two hundred acre tract. Having 
at length found a fixed place of residence 
where he could live in peace and prosperity. 
Richard Lippincott settled down to "an active 
and useful life in the midst of a worthy fam- 
ily, in the i)ossession of a sufficient estate, and 
happy in the enjoyment of religious and po- 
litical freedom." Here he passed the last eight- 
een years of his life of varied experiences, and 
here he died November 25, 1683. 

Two days before his death Richard Lijipin- 
cott made his will and acknowledged it before 
Joseph Harker, justice of the peace. January 
2 following his widow. Abigail Lippincott. 
gave her bond as administratrix, her fellow 
bondsman being her son's father-in-law, Will- 
iam Shattock, and Francis Borden. There 
seems, however, to have been some irregularity 
in the will or its provisions, particularly in 
omitting mention of an excutor ; for on the 
day when the widow gave her bond. Governor 
Thomas Rudyard issued a warrant or com- 
mission to Joseph I'arker, John Hans ( Hance) 
and Eliakim Wardell "or any two of them, to 
examine .Abigail, the widow of Richard Lip- 
pincott, as to her knowledge of any other last 
will made bv her husband," An endorsement 

on the will, dated May 21, 1684, states that the 
"said .•\bigail has no knowledge of any other 
will and that she will faithfully administer the 
estate." The inventory of the personal estate, 
£428, 2 shillings, including debts due £30, and 
negro servants £60, was made by Eliakim 
Wardell, William Shattock, Francis Borden 
antl Joseph I'arker. 

The Dutch proprietors of New .Amsterdam 
had long been engaged in the slave trade and 
at the surrender to the English in 1664 the 
colony contained many slaves, some of whom 
were owned by Friends. As early as 1652 
members of this society at Warwick, Rhode 
Island, passed a law requiring all slaves to be 
liberated after ten years service as was the 
manner with the English servants, who, how- 
ever, had to serve but four years. In 1683 the 
court at Shrewsbury passed a law against 
trading in slaves. These are the earliest 
known instances of legislation in behalf of 
negro emancipation. Richard Lippincott was 
the owner of a number of slaves ; and in her 
will, dated June 28, 1697, and proved August 
7 following, his widow, .Abigail Lippincott, 
frees most of them besides leaving to her chil- 
dren and grandchildren much real estate and 
considerable bequests in money. 

Remembrance, the eldest son of Richard and 
.Abigail Lippincott, lived at Shrewsbury, mar- 
ried Margaret Barber, of Boston, and died in 
1722, aged eighty-two years. He was promi- 
nent in colonial affairs, a bitter opponent of 
Greorge Keith, and clerk of the monthly and 
quarterly meeting of Friends at Shrewsbury. 
His children, four of whom died in infancy, 
were Joseph. Elizabeth, .Abigail, Richard, Eliz- 
abeth again, Joseph, William. .Abigail again, 
Sarah, Ruth, Alary and (Irace. His descend- 
ants through his sons Richard and W'illiam are 
numerous, and many descendants of Samuel, 
son of William, now resides in Pittsburg and 
other western cities. 

John, "yeoman of Shrewsbury," second son 
of Richartl and .\bigai! Li])pincott, married 
(first! -Ann jiarbcr, and on her death in 1707 
he married Jcannette .Austin, and died in 1720, 
The eight cliildren borne by his first wife were 
[ohn. Robert, Preserved, Mary, Ann, Mar- 
garet, Robert and Deborah. Their descend- 
ants are now found chiefly in Monmouth 
county, .\'ew Jersey, Green county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and New A'ork City. 

.Abigail Lippincott, born January 17, 1646, 
died March 9, 1646. Restore Lippincott is 
treated below. Freedom, the fifth child ami 
fourth son of Richard and Abigail Lippincott, 



was a tanner : lived on Rancocas creek, about 
where Bridgeboro now stands ; he was also a 
blacksmith, and was killed by lightning while 
shoeing a horse in the summer of 1697. By 
his wife, i\Iary (Curtis) Lippincott he had 
five children : Samuel, Thomas. Judith, Mary 
and Freedom Junior. His descendants 
through his sons Samuel, Thomas and Free- 
dom, are luunerous in the western townships 
of Camden and Burlington counties. 

Increase, the only daughter of Richard and 
Abigail Lippincott who reached maturity, mar- 
ried Samuel Dennis and removed to Salem 
county. New Jersey. Of this branch of the 
family there has for many years been no trace 
remaining in the state. 

Jacob, the fifth son of Richard and Abigail 
Lippincott, lived at Shrewsbury, and by his 
wife, Grace (Wooley) Lippincott, had two 
children : Jacob and Ruth. Preserved, the 
youngest son of Richard and Abigail Lippin- 
cott. died March, 1666, aged three years and 
one month. Freedom, another son, is written 
of elsewhere. 
/' ( II ) Restore, or Restored, fourth child and 
thiril son of Richard and Abigail Lippincott, 
was born in I'lynmuth. Devonshire, England, 
July 3, 1652, and died near Mt. Holly, Burl- 
ington county. New Jersey, about July 20, 
1 741, in the ninetieth year of his age. He was, 
however, regarded by his contemporaries as 
a much older man than he really was ; for the 
noted Quaker minister, Thomas Chalkley, who 
attended his funeral, notes in his journal, "On 
fourth day, the 22d, I was at Mount Holly, at 
the burial of our ancient friend Restored Lip- 
pincott : he was as I understood, nearly one 
liundred years of age. and had upwards of 
two hundred children, grandchildren and 
great-grandchildren, many of whom were at 
his funeral." Restore was brought to this 
country when his parents returned from Ply- 
mouth and acconipanied them from Rhode 
Island to Shrewsbury. When he was twenty- 
two years old he married, and settled down at 
Shrewsbury on land near his father, for which 
in 1677 he and his wife received a patent under 
the "(jrants and concessions made by the pro- 
prietors," a record of which is preserved in 
the land warrant records in the office of the 
surveyor general of East Jersey, at Perth 
.•\mboy. This estate comprised two-hundred 
and forty acres, and ten years later, in Janu- 
ary, 1687, Restore added to it considerably. 
On January 2, he received a patent for g6 1-2 
acres "at Passequenecqua, North Richard 
Stoutt junior. South William Scott, Pass- 

equenecqua Creek, West George Keith" : this 
patent also included three and a half acres of 
meadow, "East Peter White, West John 
Havens, North and South upland." ( East 
Jersey deeds, liber B, page 264. ) On Janu- 
ary 22 following, he received still another pat- 
ent for "217 acres, counted as 193, on Ram- 
sonts Neck, East John Claytone, North Nave- 
sinks River, West a road. South grantee and 
.\braham Browne ; also 7 acres of meadow ad- 
joining." ( East Jersey deeds, liber B, page 
271.) September 21, 1692, Restore Lippin- 
cott, styled in the deed, "late of Shrewsbury, 
East Jersey, now of Northampton River, West 
Jersey, husbandman," bought of Thomas 
Ollive of Wellingborough a plantation of 
five hundred and seventy acres in Northomp- 
ton "along the line between the two Tenths, 
adjoining Widow Parker and John Woolston." 
January 10, 1699, Restore deeded three hun- 
dred and nine acres of this property, eight 
acres of it being meadow, to his son Samuel ; 
and about a year and a half later bought him- 
self another ])Iantation of three hundred acres 
from Isaac Horner, the deed bearing the date 
of June 20, 1 701. The following month, in 
company with John Garwood, he bought of 
Susanna, the widow and executrix of Thomas 
Budd, of Philadelphia, two thousand acres 
more in Burlington county, "on the north 
branch of the Northampton River, near Mount 
Pisgah, and adjoining William Budd." The 
two hundred acres of his Cohansey property 
in Fen wick's colony which had been given him 
by his father he disposed of to Robert Eyres, 
giving to Joseph Eastland, of Cohansey, Au- 
gust 12, 1699, a power of attorney to make 
the delivery. In 1701 Restore Lippincott was" 
chosen as the representative of Burlington 
county in the West Jersey assembly, and the 
same year he joined with the Provincial coun- 
cil and the members of the assembly in 
a petition to King William, for the confirma- 
tion of .\ndrew Hamilton as the governor of 
the colony. This was the last assembly to 
meet under the old proprietarj' government of 
West Jersey, since rn the following year the 
proprietors surrendered their governmental 
rights to the Crown and Lord Cornbury was 
appointed as the first of the royal governors 
of the province of New Jersey. In 1703 Re- 
store Lippincott was elected as the represen- 
tative of Burlington county to the first of the 
Royal provincial assemblies, which met at 
Perth Amboy: in 1704 he was re-elected to the 
same ofiice and continued to serve in that 
capacity until 1706. Restore Lippincott be- 



came one of the most influential of the Burl- 
ington Friends, and up to 1716, when the meet- 
ing house at Mt. Holly was built, the meeting 
of Friends were often held at his home. This 
was especially the case during the severe win- 
ter of 1704-05, when the records of the old 
Springfield meeting tell us that they held their 
meetings there too, "considering the badness 
of the way in going to the usual house." In 
the minutes of the Burlington monthly meet- 
ing there is a very interesting record which 
illustrates not only the carefulness and dili- 
gence of the Friends in regard to all the de- 
tails of their religious life, but also at the 
same time throws a genial light upon the char- 
acter of Restore himself. At the monthly 
meeting of January 23. 1704, one of the mem- 
bers, Thomas Atkinson, ]jresented the follow- 
ing memorial in writing: "P'riends: whereas I 
was charged in the face of the meeting by Re- 
store Lippincott that I pulled off my hat when 
John Langstaiif was buried is not true. I have 
many witnesses to the contrary." When this 
memorial was read. Restored Lippincott imme- 
diately arose and demanded that a committee 
be appointed to investigate the charges ; and 
si.x or seven months later, on August 6, 1705, 
the committee reported to the meeting that 
"Whereas some time since there was a paper 
sent in by Tho. Atkinson that Restore Lippin- 
cott charged him falsely in the face of the 
meeting with pulling off his hat att the time of 
John Langstaffs funeral whilst the priest was 
s])eaking, for which at our last meeting some 
I'Viends were to speak to Restore Lippincott 
to be at our last Monthly Meeting to answer 
to itt for himself, and he making it appear by 
several evidences t(i be true, it is this meet- 
ing's Judgment that Restore Lippincott did not 
accuse Tho. Atkinson falsely." Restore was 
buried in the friends ground at Mt. Holly; and 
in his will, which is dated March 16, 1733, and 
proved December T3. 1741, he leaves legacies 
to his son James, his daughters Rachel Dawson, 
.Abigail Shiiui, Rebecca Gaskill and Elizabeth 
Shinn, and his grandsons. Joseph and Restore 
Lip])incott Juniiir. and David and Jonathan 

November 6. 1674, Restore Lippincott mar- 
ried (first) Haiuiah. daughter of William 
Shattock, who was born July 8, 1654. in P>os- 
ton, Massachusetts, and died before 1729, 
when he married (second) Martha (Shinn) 
Owen, the daughter of John and Jane Shinn, 
the emigrants, and the widow of Joshua (^wen. 
His second wife bore him no children: by his 
first wife Ik- had eiLdit. all of whom reached 

maturity and married. I. Samuel, born Sep- 
tember 12, 1675, married, July 3, 1700, Ann 
Hulett, and the descendants of his son Samuel, 
who married Mary Amey, are many of them 
residing on the purchase between Mt. Holly 
and I'emberton. 2. Abigail, born February 16, 
1677, married. May 3. 1697, James, the young- 
est child and the longest lived son of John and 
Jane Shinn, the emigrants, and their descend- 
ants are vy'y numerous throughout South Jer- 
sey. '^/E&Hftrth, born in October, 1681, mar- 
ried William Gladding in 1701. 4. Rebecca, 
born November 24, 1684, married, in 1704, 
Josiah Gaskill. 5. James, treated below. 6. 
Elizabeth, born March 15, 1690, married, June 
12, 171 2, George, eldest son of John and Ellen 
(Stacy) Shinn. nephew to James Shinn, the 
husband of his wife's sister, Abigail, and 
grandson of John and Jane Shinn, the emi- 
grants. 7. Jacob, born in August, 1692, mar- 
ried, in 1716, Hilary, daughter of Henry Burr, 
and his descendants ace numerous, chiefly in 
Gloucester and Salem counties ; among them, 
however, was Joshua Lippincott, of Philadel- 
phia, at one time a director of the Bank of 
the L'nited States and president of the Schuyl- 
kill Navigation Comjjany. 8. Rachel, born 
January 8, 1695, married (first) Zechariah 
Jess, and (second) Francis Dawson. 

( HI ) James, the fifth child and second son 
of Restore and Hannah (Shattock) Lippin- 
cott, was born June 11, 1687, at Passequen 
ecqua, near Shrewsbury, and died in ij(X), at 
his home, inherited from his father, near Mt. 
Holly. September 12, 1709, he married Anna, 
the eldest daughter of Thomas and his secon<l 
wife Anna Eves, and granddaughter of 
Thomas Eves, "barber in London," who came 
to Burlington in 1677, in the ship "Kent." 
They had si.x children who reached maturity 
and married: i. Jonathan, married, March 13 
1746, Ann, daughter of Samuel and Mary 
(Thompson) Shinn- Eves, a first cousin of her 
husband's mother, being the granddaughter of 
Thomas and Anna l"-ves, and great-grand- 
liaughter of Thomas Eves, of London and 
I'lurlingtiiii. Iler mother was Mary, daugh- 
ter of John Thompson, and widow of George, 
son of John and Jane Shinn, the emigrants. 
2. Aaron, treated below. 3. John, married 
Elizabeth Elkinton. 4. Daniel, married Eliza- 
beth Pim. 5. Moses, married in 1750, Mari- 
bah Mullin or Miller. 6. Anna, married, Au- 
gust 6. 1746, Thomas Taylor. The descend- 
ants of these children have resided for the 
most part in Xortham])ton. in Evesham, and 
in riiiladelpliia, the must noteworthy among 



tlicni being Joshua Balliiiger Lippincott, the 
distinguished publisher ; Judge Benjamin H. 
Eippincott, of BurHngton county, who is 
treated below, and Aaron S. Lippincott, a 
successful cotton manufacturer of Philadel- 

( 1\' ) .\aron, second child and son of James 
and .\nna (Eves) Lippincott, married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Ephraini and granddaughter 
of Joseph and Elizabeth Tomlinson, the emi- 
grants, and was the sister of Mary (Tom- 
linson) Gardiner, the great-grandson of Dr. 
Thomas Gardiner, the emigrant. Aaron and 
Elizabeth (Tomlinson) Lippincott had five 
children who reached maturity and married. 
I. Moses, treated below. 2. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried (first) John Butcher, who died leaving 
no issue, and his widow then married Isaac, 
son of Jonathan and Hannah (Sharp) Haines, 
grandson of Jonathan Haines and Mary, 
daughter of William Matlack, the emigrant ; 
great-grandson of John Haines and Esther, 
daughter of John Borton the emigrant ; and 
great-great-grandson of Richard and Margaret 
Haines, the emigrants. IJy this marriage there 
were three children : Elizabeth, Ephraim, and 
a second Elizabeth. 3. Sarah, married Caleb 
Lippincott. 4. Mary, married a Quicksall. 5. 
Aaron, married Hannah, daughter of Nathan- 
iel and Margaret Snowden, and widow of Job, 
son of Rehoboam Braddock and Jemima, 
daughter of John Darnell, the emigrant ; 
grandson of Robert Braddock and Elizabeth, 
daughter of Joseph Bates and Mercy, daugh- 
ter of James, son of Gregory Clement, the 
regicide ; and great-grandson of Robert Brad- 
dock, the emigrant, and Elizabeth, daughter 
of Timothy Hancock, the emigrant, and Rachel 
Firman, his first wife. 

( \' ) Moses, eldest son and child of Aaron 
and Elizabeth (Tomlinson) Lippincott. mar- 
ried (first) October 3, 1778, ]\Iary. -daughter 
of Jose]5h Hewlings by his second wife. Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Laban Langstaff, and widow 
of William Hammitt : granddaughter of Laban 
and Susanna (Warrington) Langstaff, also 
granddaughter of Jacob Hewlings and Doro- 
thy, daughter of Thomas and Anna Eves, 
children of Thomas Eves, of London and 
Burlington : and great-granddaughter of Will- 
iam Hewlings and Dorothy, daughter of 
Thomas Eves, of London and Burlington. 
Moses and Mary (Hewlings) Lippincott had 
five children who reached maturity and mar- 
ried : I. Rebecca, married (first) Josiah, son 
of Lsaac Haines and his first wife Marv, 
daughter of Thomas Wilkins and Marv. 

daughter of Enoch Core, the emigrant, and 
Sarah, daughter of John and Sarah Roberts, 
the emigrants ; granddaughter of Thomas and 
Susannah Wilkins, the emigrants. Lsaac 
Haines was also the grandson of Jonathan and 
Hannah (Sharp) Ilaines whose ancestry is 
given below. After her first husband's death, 
Rebecca Lippincott married (second) Isaac, 
son of John and Mary Wilson. 2. Elizabeth 
married (first) \\'illiam Au.stin and (second) 
Josiah Costill. 3. Dorothy, married Joseph 
Matlack. 4. Sarah, married John Hoile, of 
Jefferson county, Ohio, son of John and Sarah 
Hoile, who lived in the north of England. 5. 
Benjamin H., treated below. After his first 
wife's death, Moses Lippincott married (sec- 
ond ) Sarah, daughter of David Stratton, who 
bore him three children. 6. John S., married 
Hannah Alberston. 7. Eli Stratton, married 
Elizabeth \'andyke. 8. Mary, who died un- 

(\T) Benjamin H., youngest child and onlv 
son of Moses and Mary (Hewlings) Lippin- 
cott, was born in Salem county. New Jersey, 
and settled in Burlington county, same state, 
where he was one of the most prominent -per- 
sons in his day. He was a surveyor, a con- 
veyancer, and also served as one of the judges 
of the court of common pleas. Like his an- 
cestors, he belonged to the Society of Friends. 
He married (first) Elizabeth Wilkins, who 
was the mother of three children: I. George 
W. 2. William, mentioned below. 3. Sarah. 
who became the wife of Char'es Jessup, of 
Moorestown. Mr. Lippincott married (sec- 
ond) Martha Collins, who was the mother of 
Benjamin B. and Elizabeth Lippincott. The 
latter is now the widow of George L. Dilling- 
ham, residing in Moorestown. 

(\TI) William, second son of Benjamin H. 
and Elizabeth (Wilkins) Lippincott, was born 
in 1812 at Mt. Laurel, near Aloorestown, and 
died in the latter place in 1879. He had a 
farm of one hundred and twenty acres and 
was an industrious, respected and worthy 
citizen. He was a member of the Society of 
Friends and was at the head of the meeting 
at the time of his death. He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Hugh and Mary (Lippin- 
cott) Roberts. The last named, a daughter of 
Samuel and Priscilla (Briant) Lippincott, and 
granddaughter of Isaac and Hannah Lippin- 
cott. The last named was a daughter of John 
Engle and his wife Mary, daughter of Samuel 
Osborn. John Engle, above named, was a 
son of Robert and Jane (Home) Engle, the 
immigrants. Samuel Lippincott above named 



was a grandson of Thomas Lippincott, the 
latter a son of Freedom and Mary (Curtis) 
Lippincott. Freedom was a son of Richard 
and .Abigail Lippincott. Thomas Lippincott's 
wife, Mary, was a daughter of John and 
Esther ( Borton ) Haines, whose ancestry is 
given above. Hugh Roberts was the son of 
Samuel and Elizabeth (Shute) Roberts; grand- 
son of Joshua Roberts and Rebecca, daughter 
of Joseph, son of Thomas and Mary ( Bernard ) 
Stokes, the immigrants, by his wife Judith, 
daughter of Freedom and ^lary (Curtis) Lip- 
pincott. Joshua Roberts was the son of John 
Roberts and Mary, daughter of George Elkin- 
ton, who emigrated as a servant or redemp- 
tioner of Dr. Daniel Wills: and the grandson 
of John and Sarah Roberts, the immigrants 
who came to West Jersey in the ship "Kent." 
William and Elizabeth (Roberts) Lippincott 
had children: I. Richard R., enlisted at the be- 
ginning of the civil war as a private in Com- 
pany L Sixty-first Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
and served three years, participating in all the 
battles of the .\rmy of the Potomac, including 
the Wilderness, both engagements at Fredricks- 
burg. Fair Oaks, .\ntietam and Getty.sburg. He 
passed through the ranks of promotion to first 
lieutenant of Company L was subsequently 
adjutant and major of the regiment. He mar- 
ried Ella Hansell, of Rancocas, and had chil- 
dren: Ella. Ella ^L and James H. The daugh- 
ter is the wife of Ricliard Williams, of Plain- 
field, New Jersey, and the son is a farmer at 
Moorestown. 2. Sarah .A., resides with her 
younger brother at Hartford. 3. Martha 1!.. 
died at l'hiladeli)hia while the wife of Thomp- 
son .Shrouds. 4. William Penn, treated below. 
( \TII ) William Penn, younger son of Will- 
iam and Elizabeth (Roberts) LipjMncott, was 
born March 22, 1850, at Mt. Laurel, New Jer- 
sey, and was educated in a rate school, such 
as ]jrevailed in liis time. When sixteen years 
of age he left home and went to Philadeli:)hia 
to learn the art of bricklaying, .\ftcr four 
years of apprenticeship he contiiUK'd five years 
in the occupation, as a journeyman and later as 
a builder. In 1876 he returned to New Jersey 
and ])urcliased a country store at ilartforcl, 
where he has ever since made his home. He 
conducted this store for thirty years and still 
owns the building, having leased it in 1Q06 on 
the occasion of his election to the office of sur- 
rogate of Burlington county for a term of five 
years, which he is now efficiently serving. 
For four terms he served as collector of \\\^ 
townshi]) and was three terms a represeiUa- 
tivc in the legislature. Like most of his con- 

freres he is a Republican in political principles, 
and is by birthright a member of the Society 
of Friends. He is a charter member of 
Moorestown Lodge, Ko. 158, A. F. and h. M., 
and was the second master of the lodge which 
he also served for a period of si.xteen years as 
secretary. He is also a member of the Benev- 
olent and I'rotcctive Order of Elks, affiliating 
with Mt. Holly Lodge, No. 848. As a careful, 
shrewd business man, Mr. Lippincott has been 
successful, and he brings to the fulfillment of 
his public duties the same faithful care of de- 
tails and intelligent interest in his work which 
lias characterized his private career. He mar- 
ried, November 6, 1873, Abbie E. Hollings- 
head, who was born in Moorestown, a daugh- 
ter of Enoch and Rachel (Atkinson) HoUings- 
head, the last named being a member of the 
Society of Friends. Mr. and Mrs. Lip])incott 
are the parents of two children : Franklin 
Richard and Elizabeth Roberts. The son is 
a resident of Hartford, New Jersey, and the 
daughter of Medford, same state, being the 
wife of Jacob Kay Haines. 

(For first generation .see preceding sketch). 

(H) Freedom, fifth child 
LI PPI.\"C(JTT and fourth son of Richard 
and .\bigail Lippincott. 
was born in Stonehouse. near Plymouth. Dev- 
onshire, England, Se]:)tember i, 165 — , died in 
I'.urlington county. West Jersey, in 1697, the 
inventory on his estate being dated June 13 of 
that year. He was a tanner and lived near 
Rancocas creek, where the king's highway 
crossed the stream and very near where the 
town of Bridgeborough now stands. Having 
sold the land in Salem county given him by his 
father, he located two hundred and eighty- 
eight acres here in 1687, and settled thereon. 
To the trade of a tanner he probably added 
that of a smith, and could shoe a or 
"upset" the axes of his neighbors with some 
skill, but his proficiency cost him his life, for 
in the simimer of if)()7, while shoeing a horse, 
he was killed by lightning. His widow and 
five children survived him, the oldest being but 
thirteen years of age. Llis descendants of his 
name are most numerous in the western town- 
ships of Camden and lUirlington counties. 

October 4, 1680, Freedom Lippincott mar- 
ried Mary Curtis, and their five children were : 
I. -Sanuiel, born December 24, 1684. died in 
i7r»; married lloi)e, daughter of John and 
Ho|)e (Delefaste) Wills. 2. Thomas, referred 
to below. 3. Judith, .Vugust 22, 1689, died 
.August 22, 1745; married Joseph, son of 



Thomas and Mary (Bernard) Stokes. 4. 
iMary, November 21, 1691, married Edward 
Peake. 5. Freedom Jr., February 6, 1693, 
died about 1764; married Elizabeth, daughter 
of John and Hope (Delefaste) Wills, referred 
to above. 

(Ill) Thomas, second child and son of 
Freedom and Mary (Curtis) Lippincott, wah. 
born in Shrewsbury, Monmouth county, De- 
cember 28, 1686, died in Chester township, 
P>urlington county, November 5, 1759. In 
170S he {)urchased a tract of one thousand and 
thirty- four acres, extending from Penisaukin 
river to Swedes' run, joining the No-se-ne- 
men-si-on tract reserved for the Indians, from 
which the modern name of Cinnaminson is 
derived. Chi the northern border of this tract 
the village of Westfield no\T stands. The 
name was originally given to the meeting house 
which was erected in 1800, in Thomas Lippin- 
cott's western field. Thomas Lippincott was 
an active and useful man in the affairs of 
Chester township, in which his lands were 
then included. His first house, built about 
171 1, stood where the old Samuel L. Allen 
residence was about thirty years ago, and in 
it and a second house built upon the same site 
his descendants lived for one hundred and 
thirty years. The first meeting of Friends in 
this district, was held in his house and there 
subsetjucnt meetings continued to be held until 
1800. The descendants of his son Nathaniel 
are now to be found in Burlington county, 
New Jersey, in Philadelphia, and in the state 
of Illinois, General Charles Ellet Lippincott, 
fomier auditor of the last mentioned state, 
being among them. 

December 19, 171 1, Thomas Lippincott mar- 
ried (first) Alary, daughter of John, son of 
Richard and Margaret Haines, the emigrants, 
and his first wife, Esther, daughter of John 
and .Ann Borton. the emigrants. She was 
born .April 20, 1693. '^"^1 fl'd after bearing 
her husband six children: i. Nathaniel, born 
July 2, 1713, married Mary Engle. 2. Isaac, 
referred to below. 3. Thomas, married, 1745, 
Rachel Eldridge. 4. .Abigail, married Thomas 
Wallis or Thomas Wills. 5. Esther, married 
John Roberts. 6. Mary, who died unmarried. 
Thomas Lippincott married (second) Mercy, 
widow of Thomas Middleton, who bore him 
three more children : 7. Patience, married Ebe- 
nezer Andrews. 8. Phebe. 9. Mercy, mar- 
ried Ephraim Stiles. Thomas Lippincott mar- 
ried (third ) Rachel Smith, a widow. There is 
no record of children. 

( l\ ) Isaac, second child and son of Thomas 

and Mary (Haines) Lippincott, was born in 
Chester township, Burlington county, died in 
Westfield, in the same county. All of his de- 
scendants settled on part of their grandfather's 
tract in Cinnaminson and Chester townships, 
Burlington county, and in Philadelphia. 
Among them should be mentioned Joshua, a 
cloth merchant of that city, and Samuel R., a 
director of the National State Bank of Cam- 
den, New Jersey. In 1739 Isaac Lippincott 
married Hannah, daughter of John Engle and 
Mary, daughter of Samuel and Jane r)gborn. 
the emigrants, and granddaughter of Robert 
and Jane (Home) Engle, the emigrants. 
Their seven children were: i. Samuel, married 
Priscilla Bryant. 2. Isaac, married Elizabeth 
Antrim. 3. Thomas, referred to below. 4. 
Mary, married Abraham Eldridge. 5. Han- 
nah, married (first) Jacob Lippincott, and 
(second) John Cahill. 6. Bathsheba, who died 
unmarried. 7. Esther, who died unmarried. 

( \' 1 Thomas (2), third child and son of 
Isaac and Hannah (Engle) Lippincott, was 
born in Westfield, and died there. August 15, 
1767, he procured a license to marry Elizabeth, 
daughter of N'athan or Nathaniel and Mary 
(Hervey) Haines, granddaughter of William, 
son of Richard and Margaret Haines, the emi- 
grants, and Sarah, daughter of John Paine, 
the emigrant, and Elizabeth Field. They had 
three children: I. \\'illiam, referred to below. 
2. Thomas, married Abigail Borton. 3. Mary, 
married Thomas Rakestraw. 

( \ I ) William, son of Thomas (2) and 
Elizabeth (Haines) Lippincott, was born in 
Chester, now Cinnaminson township, Burling- 
ton county, in 1770 or 1 77 1, died there .April 
7, 1813. He lived on a part of the original 
one thousand and thirty-four acre tract pur- 
chased by his great-grandfather on Swedes' 
run. where all of his children were born. Sep- 
tember II, 1793, he married .Ann. born near 
Mt. Holly, February 16. 1770, died in West- 
field, December 12, 1822, the ninth child and 
fifth daughter of William Rogers, of North- 
ampton township, Burlington county, and 
Martha "Est urgans," that being the name on 
the marriage bond possibly since the name has 
never been found elsewhere, Martha Esther 
Cans or Gano. William Rogers was a revo- 
lutionary soldier, and April 4, 1781, was dis- 
owned by the Mt. Holly Meeting for his mili- 
tary acts. He was the son of William Rogers, 
of New Hanover, and Elizabeth, daughter of 
Thomas Branson, of New Jersey and \ ir- 
ginia. and Elizabeth, daughter of John Day. of 
Philadeljihia. the emigrant, and Elizabeth, sis- 



ter to Peter llervey. William was the son of 
Lieutenant William and Abigail Rogers, of 
Burlington. The children of William and 
.Ann (Rogers) Lippincott were: i. .-Xmasa, 
born July 3, 1/94, died February 26, 1862; 
married (first) Esther Collins, and (second) 
Hannah Bishop. 2. William. January 8, 1798, 
died May 7, 1879: married Catherine Rud- 
derow. 3. Israel, May 17, 1800, died May 9, 
1879; married (first) Maria Wallace, and 
(second) Atlantic Warrington. 4. Martha, 
March 3. 1802, died May. 1884; married Tim- 
othy Paxson, of Pennsylvania. 5. Thomas, 
referred to below. 6. .'\nn., November 30, 
1805, died January 10, 1879, unmarried. 7. 
Benjamin, February 6, 1808, died March 24, 
1832, at Tampico, Me.xico. 8. Clayton, Janu- 
ary 19, 1810, died December 26, 1891 ; married 
Rachel Collins. 9. Elizabeth, April 6, 1812, 
Jied August 3, 1834; married Nathan Hunt 
Con row. 

( A'H ) Thomas (3), son of William and 
.•\nn Lippincott, was born in Cinnaminson 
(fiirnierly Chester township), P>urlington 
County, New Jersey, February 8, 1804. He 
spent his boyhood on the parental farm. His 
father's death, in 1813, left the management of 
affairs with the mother and the older children, 
until her death in 1822. Thomas was ap- 
prenticed at the age of fifteen years to learn 
blacksmithing with .\bram Li])])incott, of 
Westfield, where he remained until he reached 
his majority. In 1825 he settled in Fellow- 
ship, Mt. Laurel township, as a blacksmith, 
and is said to have constructed, under a farm- 
er's wagon, the first pair of elli])tic s])rings 
that carried a load of farm produce to Phila- 
dclpliia. In 1856 he gave up his trade and 
turned his attention to raising fruits and ber- 
ries with fair success. He ])lanted an orchard 
of the Ijcst varieties of fruits when past fifty 
yi'ars old. and lived to reaj) the profit of it in 
liis iild age. lie was a strong character, hon- 
est in his dealings, firm in his convictions of 
the truth, and plain of s])cech. He was a great 
reader with a very retentive memory, and few 
men were better informed in the history of 
the country. After his decease, which oc- 
curred February 16, 1895, the Philadelphia 
Record noted the death of "the venerable 
Thomas Lippincott, aged ninety-one years, 
and one of the most scholarly farmers of the 
coi-nty of Burlington." He married, in 1831, 
ll-.'niiah. daughter of William and Rachel 
( I'orden ) Ruddcrow, of Chester, who was 
born May 9. 1812. .She was a devoted wife 
and mntlier, a member of the Society of 

Friends, and died August 8, 1863, leaving 
children : Lydia R., Lusanna, Emma, William 
R., and Eliza, who married Nathan S. Roberts, 
of Camden, New Jersey, and their children 
are Wilmer L., Alvin T. and Elizabeth. 

(\TII) William Rudderow, only son of 
Thomas (3) and Hannah (Rudderow) Lip- 
pincott, was born in Fellowship, Burlington 
county. December 15, 1843. He received 
most of his education in very early life from 
Samuel Smith, a famous mathematician who 
taught a boarding school at Fellowship more 
than fifty years ago. W'illiam inherited his 
father's strong constitution antl retentive 
memory, but his mother's early training did 
much toward shaping his course through life. 
He began to teach school at seventeen year'^ 
of age, and after attaining his majority took 
an interest in public affairs. He held office 
for a number of years in his townshij), and, 
like his father, was fairly successful in farm- 
ing and fruit growing. Fie became connected 
with the New Jersey state board of agricul- 
ture, was instrumental in shipping the agri- 
cultural and horticultural products of the state 
to several Expositions, and in 1897 was made 
treasurer of the board. He took great interest 
in the movement for improving the common 
roads in New Jersey, and was appointed en- 
gineer in charge of the construction of a num- 
ber of the macadam roads in the vicinity of 
.Moorestown. He became connected with the 
lUirlington County Safe Deposit and Trust 
Company soon after its organization, and in 
i()02 was made its treasurer. In 1903 he was 
elected vice-president of the Moorestown Na- 
tional Bank, and after the death of the presi- 
dent in 1906 was elected to the presidency. Mr. 
Li]ipincott married Tacie, ehlest daughter of 
the late Hon. Chalkley .\lbertson, of Camden 
C()unt\', and, like many other men, owes much 
of his success to the gocxl counsel and help of 
his wife. Their home, "Gillingham Place," 
near Mt. Laurel, is one of the landmarks of 
the neighborhood. 

The name Austin is an old Eng- 
ACSTIX lish contraction of the Latin 
.'\ugustinns, the cognomen of 
the family of .Augustus, and meaning origin- 
allv, "venerable," "worthy of honor"; and the 
familv that bears the name in New Jersey have 
a record which fully bears out their right to 
the title, from the time that the founder of the 
family arrived among the earliest of the set- 
tlers down to the pre.sent day. 

(T) Francis .Austin, founder of the fam- 



ily, came over to West Jersey from England 
some time before December 24, 1688, when 
he bought fifty acres on Birch creek from John 
Ant ram. This is as yet the first Austin record 
that has come to Hght. Alay 3, 1689. Francis 
bought another fifty acres adjoining his first 
lot from Percival Towle, and November i, 
1694, he sold the entire one hundred acres to 
Thomas Scattergood Jr. In all of these deeds 
he is styled as a resident of Burlington and a 
carpenter. Four years previous to the sale 
of this land, Francis Austin had bought an- 
other one hundred and fifty acres of Symon 
Charles, April 2, 1690, and this he in turn sold 
January 2, 1695, to George Porter; as about* 
a month previously. December 10, 1694, he 
had purchased from Henry and Mary Grubb 
and Thomas and Abigail Raper a large farm 
of three hundred and fifty acres in Evesham 
township, on which he finally made his home 
and spent the remainder of his life. About a 
year later he made his final accjuisition of land 
by buying from Thomas Wilkins, whose land 
adjoined his own, a small tract of three acres 
which logically went with his own property. 
Where Francis Austin came from in England 
has not yet been discovered, but he emigrated 
to this country as a young man accompanied by 
his sister, Elizabeth, who, in 1692, married 
Thomas, son of Richard and Margaret Haines, 
the emigrants. His will, which is undated, 
was proven July 30, 1723, the inventory of his 
personal estate, amounting to £280, having 
been made by John Sharp and Thomas Wil- 
kins, the preceding day. 

In i6i/i Francis .Austin was married in the 
Chester monthly meeting to Alary, daughter 
of John and Ann Borton, the emigrants, who 
bore him ten children, the last one being post- 
humous. Children: i. Amos, referred to be- 
low. 2. William, married (first) in 1741. Mary 
Robeson, and (second) in 1749. Hannah 
Thomas. 3. Jonathan, married, 1747. Rebecca 
Mason. 4. Mary, married, as her first husband, 
William Sharp. 5. Elizabeth, married, 1719, 
Henry Warrington. 6. Sarah, married, 1725, 
Nathan Haines. 7. Ann, married, 1727, Josiah 
Albertson. 8. Hannah, married, 1735, Will- 
iam Sharp. 9. Martha, married, 1744. John 
Hughston. 10. Francis, married, 1748. Deb- 
orah Allen. 

(II) Amos, eldest son of Francis and Mary 
(Borton) Austin, was born in Evesham town- 
ship, Burlington county, and died there in 
1770. his will, written January 15, 1763, being 
proven by affirmation December 15, of that 
year. In 1736, the license being obtained Sep- 

tember 27, he married Esther, daughter of 
Caleb Haines and Sarah, daughter of Henry 
and Elizabeth (Hudson) Burr. Caleb was the 
son of John, son of Richard and Margaret 
Haines, the emigrants, by his wife, Esther, 
daughter of John and Ann Borton, the emi- 
grants, and sibter to Mary, wife of Francis 
Austin (i). Children of Amos and Esther 
(Haines) Austin: I. Caleb, married, 1758, 
Lydia Mason. 2. Vesti, married, 1754. John 
Rogers. 3. Mary, married. 1761. John Somers. 
4. Seth, referred to below. 5. Patience, mar- 
ried, 1771, John Mott. 6. Esther, married 
either John Wright or Isaac Barber. 7. Amos, 

(III) Seth, fourth child and second son of 
.A.mos and Esther ( Haines) Austin, was boni 
in Evesham township, and died in 1822, in 
Wellingborough township, Burlington county. 
His father, in his will, left him "Five shillings, 
he haveing received his full part before the 
date hereof." In his own will, written April 2, 
181 3, when he was "weak of body," he disposes 
merely of his moveable property, which was 
inventoried after his death at $1,079,561/4, 
and his home plantation, which he leaves to his 
youngest son, Caleb, on condition that he pays 
certain legacies to his brothers and sisters men- 
tioned before. He mentions his wife, but only 
to leave her $400, a clock, and provision for 
her maintenance. Seth Austin was married 
three times and as yet it is impossible to deter- 
mine which of his children were borne him by 
each union. The first four were undoubtedly 
by the first wife, Hannah, and possibly the 
fifth and sixth. The seventh was undoubtedly 
by his second wife, Lydia Naylor, whom he 
married in 1770, and she may have been the 
mother of his three youngest children also, or 
one or all of these may have been the chil- 
dren of his third wife, Sarah, who survived 
him. Children of Seth Austin: i. Letitia, 
who is said to have married an Austin. 2. 
Cain, referred to below. 3. Seth. 4. Hannah, 
married, 1795, Thomas Buzby. 5. Vashti, mar- 
ried a Gardiner. 6. Esther, married a Hammel. 
7. Lydia, married a Naylor. 8. Abigail, mar- 
ried a Pippit. 9. Amos. 10. Caleb. 

(IV) Cain, second child and eldest son of 
Seth and Hannah Austin, was born in Well- 
ingborough township, Burlington county, De- 
cember 2, 1766. He married Tabitha, daugh- 
ter of Hezekiah and Gertrude (HammeD Gar- 
wood : children: I. Samuel, born November 
26. 1789; served in the war of 1812. and about 
1820 went to Ohio. 2. Hannah, Mav i. 1792; 
married W'illiam Fenimore Smith, of Burling- 



ton. 3. Hezekiah. February 5, 1794; served 
in the war of 1812. 4. Rebecca, April 9, 1797; 
married Pearson Johnson. 5. Gertrude, Au- 
gust 2, 1799. 6. Joseph, November 25, 1801. 
7. Seth, ^lay 17, 1804. 8. David. September 
24, 1806. 9. Charles, referred to below. 10. 
Esther. July 26, 1814; married Josiah V'ennel. 
(\') Charles, ninth child and sixth son of 
Cain and Tabitha (Garwood) Austin, was born 
at Bridgeborough. Burlington county, June 4, 
1810. Me married Ann, born at Rising Sun 
village, Philadelphia. Pennsylvania. February 

9, 1813, and still living (1909), daughter of 
Peter and Susanna (Neglee) Dull. They had 
ten children, only two of whom are now living: 
I. Samuel C. 2. William. 3. Evelyn. 4. Ed- 
win. 5. Miriam. 6. Ann Elizabeth. 7. Charles, 
now a sergeant of police in Philadelphia, who 
married Rosanna Catherine Segrest, and has 
one child, Miriam, married Morris Simmons, 
of Philadelphia. 8. George H. 9. Lemuel. 

10. Eliza, referred to below. 

( \'I ) Eliza, youngest child and sixth daugh- 
ter of Charles and .Ann (Dull) Austin, was 
born in r'hiladel])hia, Pennsylvania, and is 
now living in that city at 1024 Brown street, 
having her office at 501 Witherspoon building. 
For her early education she was sent to the 
public schools of Philadelphia, and then she 
entered the Pierce Business College. Later 
she became connected as clerk and secretary 
with several religious newspapers, and in De- 
cember, 1898, became the secretary and treas- 
urer of the religious magazine entitled Oz'cr 
Sea and Land, published by the Women's Home 
and Foreign Alissionary Society of the Pres- 
byterian Church, at Philadelphia. This jiosi- 
fion she is now holding. 

(I'or preceding grenerations see preceding: sketcli). 

( \' ) Seth Austin, seventh child 
AL'STIX and fourth son of Cain and 

Tabitha (Garwood ) Au.stin, was 
horn .May 17, 1804. He married Martha 
( Mathis) MatJiis, daughter of Barzillai and 
F.lizabeth (Edwards) Mathis. and the widow 
of Samuel, son of Hezekiah Mathis, to whom 
she had borne two children: i. Elmira, mar- 
ried a Mr. .Sendcrling. and had two daughters. 
2. Robert. Her grand|3arents were James Ed- 
wards, of Barnegat, and Micajali, son of John 
Mathis (or Matthews), the emigrant, and his 
wife, .Mice, daughter of Edward .Andrews, the 
founder of Tuckerton, and widow of John 
Higbee. Iler grandmother was Mercy, daugh- 
ter of Joshua and Jane Shreve, of Upper 
Springfield, Burlington county. Children of 

Seth and .Martha (Mathis) (.Mathis) .Austin 
were: i. .Sarah, married George W. William- 
son, of Philadelphia, and had children : George 
W.. William, Mary, Charles, .Anna, Clara and 
Jiihn. 2. Charles Seth, referred to below. 3. 
Mary, married Thomas Field, of Philadelphia, 
and had Martha, Sarah, Elizabeth, Alary, 
Charles, Emma, Henry. Alfred, Edwin, Wal- 
ter and .Austin. 

( \'I ) Charles Seth, the only son of Seth 
and .Martha (Mathis) ( ALithis) .Austin, lived 
in Philadel])hia, and was for twenty-five years 
the teller of the I'eople's Bank in that city. He 

married Alargaret Roe, daughter of 

■and Sarah (Van Home) Brower ; children: 
I. Robert Seth, referred to below. 2. William 
Putt. 3. Qiarles Seth, Jr. 4. Thomas Jefifer- 
son, born July 4, 1855. 5. Martha, married 
Frank P. Fisher, of Tacony, Philadelphia, and 
has two children : Roy and Linden. 6. Alary 
Ellen. 7. Ellen Marcv McClellan. 8. George 
B. McClellan. 

(\'1I) Robert Seth, eldest child of Charles 
■Seth and Margaret Roe (Brower) Austin, was 
born in Philadelphia. .August 16. 1849, ^"d is 
now living in that city with his office in room 
801, of the Reading Terminal building, on 
Market street. He attended the public schools 
of Philadelphia and the Philadelphia .Academy 
of Fine .Arts, where he studied art. .After 
leaving school he was for a time in the office 
of Henry Disston & Company, the saw manu- 
facturers. He next learned the art of glass 
cutting and the decorating of glass globes. Then 
he became connected with the Reading railroad 
in 1866, or rather at that time the road that he 
was with was called the North Pennsylvania 
railroad, and ran from P)ethlehem to Philadel- 
])hia. Peimsylvania. His position here was 
that of dispatching clerk. This road subse- 
ciuently, in 1879. became a part of the Reading 
railroad system, and Mr. .Austin became chief 
clerk in the auditor's department of the latter 
road, with his offices in the Reading Terminal. 
He has been for over forty years coimected 
with the raih-oad where he still remains. Mr. 
.Austin is a Republican, and is not a meml>er 
of an\' church although he attends the Baptist 
and Methodist chuiThes. Pie is a member of 
the "Order of Spartans," a member of the 
Reading railroad veteran employees associa- 
tion, employment by the railroad for twenty- 
five vears being necessary before one can be 
eligible to this association. Mr. .Austin was 
born with an innate natural faculty for art and 
painting. This fact together with his art 
studies at the art school in Philadeljihia have 



made it possible for him to secure a number of 
prizes given at art exhibitions in the city of 
i'liiladelphia and elsewhere, notwithstanding 
his responsible position as chief clerk of the 
autliting dejjartment of the Reading railroad, 
which of course requires most of his time and 
attention. Mr. Austin seems to have quite as 
nuich ability as a marine artist as a landscape 
painter, which is unusual. 

Robert Seth Austin married Mary Lawson, 
who is now dead. Their children were: i. 
George Wise, deceased : married Jennie Carna- 
han, and has two children : Mildred and Doro- 
thy. 2. Charles Seth, married Mazie Weldon, 
and has Charles Weldon, Frank Cody, Bertlia 
and Russell. 3. Robert Matthew. 4. Henry 
Washington Rihl, now living in Texas. 5. 
Margaretta, died at the age of seven vears. 

A distinguished family of this 
WOLCOTT name has illuminated the 

pages of New England his- 
tory, and any Wolcott would be honored by 
such a progenitor as Henry Wolcott. the immi- 
grant, who by his wife, Elizabeth .Saunders, 
had a son, Simon, who married Martha Pitkin 
before 1779. They were honored by a son, 
Roger, who was born in the frontier town of 
Windsor, Connecticut colony, January 4, 1679, 
was made a member of the general assembly 
of the colony in 1709; was placed upon the 
bench of justices of the local court of the 
colony in 1710; was commissary of the Con- 
necticut stores in the expedition against Can- 
ada in 171 1 ; was a member of the colonial 
council in 1714; judge of the county court, 
1724; of the superior court 1732; deputy gov- 
ernor and chief justice of the supreme court 
in 1 741. He was commissioned major general 
in the expedition against Louisburg in 1745, 
by Governor Shirley, of Massachusetts, and 
held rank second only to I'epperell. On re- 
turning from that expedition he was elected 
governor of Connecticut, and served as such 
I750"54- He died in Windsor, May 17, 1767. 
His son by his wife, Sarah Drake, Oliver, born 
in Windsor, November 26, 1726, was a grad- 
uate of Yale ; a captain in the volunteer army 
sent to protest the north frontier against the 
French and Indians : became a student of medi- 
cine ; was the first sheriff of Litchfield county, 
1751-71 ; representative in the general assem- 
bly, 1764-70: as.sistant to the governor, 1771- 
86: judge of the court of probate, 1772-95; 
chief judge court of common pleas, 1774-86; 
held the rank of colonel in the state militia 
for 1774; delegate to continental congress. 

1775-78; one of the immortal signers of the 
Declaration of Independence, adopted July 4, 
1776; was promoted to brigadier-general, 1779; 
member of continental congress, 1780-83 : lieu- 
tenant governor of Connecticut, 1786-9O: gov- 
ernor of the state, 1796-97, and died in Litch- 
field, December, 1797. His son by his wife, 
Lorroene Collins, to whom he was married. 
January 21, 1755, was named Oliver (2). He 
was born in Litchfield, January 1 1, 1760 ; grad- 
uating at Yale, class of 1778; served with 
his father in the colonial and revolution- 
ary wars ; was member of the committee 
of the pay-table, 1782-88; comptroller of 
public accounts, 1788-89, auditor, 1789- 
91 : comptroller United States treasury, 1791- 
95 ; secretary of the L'uited States treasury, 
1795-1800; governor of Connecticut, 1817-27; 
and died in New York, June i, 1833. His 
great-grandson through his son, Frederick, and 
Elizabeth Huntington, his grandson, Joshua, 
and Cornelia Frothingham, was Roger \\'olcott, 
born in Boston, July 13, 1847: died there De- 
cember 21, 1900. He graduated at Harvard, in 
the class of 1870; was lieutenant governor of 
Massachusetts, 1892-95; governor, 1895-98. 
That the New Jersey Wolcotts are from the 
same stock is undoubted, but their direct con- 
nection with Henry, the immigrant ancestor of 
the Connecticut Wolcotts, has not been estab- 
lished. The first known ancestor of the New- 
Jersey \\'olcotts is Samuel Wolcott ( see for- 
waril ). 

( 1 ) Samuel Wolcott died at Tinton falls, in 
the township of Shrewsbury, Monmouth coun- 
ty. New Jersey, about 1693 or 1694. Fie ap- 
parently married a Widow Williams who 
brought him a stepson, Edward Williams. She 
also gave birth by her marriage to Samuel 
Wolcott to a son, Nathaniel (see forward) 
who became the progenitor of all the Wolcotts 
in New Jersey, except those who came within 
the last century from Connecticut, and who 
have an established line of descent from 
Henry, of Windsor, Connecticut. 

( III ) Peter, probably son of Nathaniel, and 
grandson of Samuel Wolcott, had a son, Henry, 
see forward. 

(IV) Henry, son of Peter Wolcott, was 
born in Shrew.sbury township. New Jersey, 
about 1690; died in 1750. He married but the 
name of his wife is not known. He had a son 
Benjamin, see forward. 

(V) Benjamin, son of Henry Wolcott, was 
born in Shrewsbury, New Jersey, July 18, 
1724; died in 1790. He married (first) in 
1749, Rachel Wainwright, who died without 



issue. He married (second) February 27, 
1753, Clementine Cook, and among their chil- 
dren was Benjamin, see forward. 

(\'l ) Benjamin ( 2 ), eldest son of Benjamin 
( I I and Clementine (Cook) Wolcott, was 
born 1758; married Ann Lewis, and their first 
son was Benjamin, see forward. 

(VII) Benjamin (3), eldest son of Ben- 
jamin (2) and Ann (Lew^is) Wolcott, was 
born in Shrew-sbur)% Monmouth count}', New 
Jersey, 1789. He married Phebe, daughter of 
Jeffrey, and they lived in Eatontown, Mon- 
mouth county. New Jersey, where their son 
Edmond, see forward, was born. 

(\Tn) Edmond, son of Benjamin (3) and 
Phebe (Jeffrey) Wolcott, was born in Eaton- 
town, Monmouth county. New Jersey, May 14, 
1816. He married Sarah Ann, daughter o£ 
John and Sarah Dangler, and they had a son 
\\ illiam Henry, see forward. 

(IX) \\'illiam Henry, son of Edmond and 
Sarah Ann (Dangler) Wolcott, was born in 
Eatontown, Monmouth county, New Jersey, 
February 15, 1846. He was a farmer of 
FCatontown, where he spent his life, and died 
January 21. 1889. He was a member of In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows. He mar- 
ried Martha M., daughter of Charles W. and 
Mary A. Higginson, of Shropshire, England, 
and they had two children, born in Eatontown, 
New Jersey, as follows: i. Edith Maude, 
March 20, 1877, unmarried. 2. Wilfred Bon- 
sieur, see forward. 

(X) Wilfred Bonsieur, only son and second 
child of \\'illiam Henry and Martha M. (Hig- 
ginson) Wolcott, was born in Eatontowai, 
Monmouth county. New Jersey, March 11, 
18S0. He was a student in the public schools 
of Eatontown, the high school of Long Branch, 
New Jersey, graduating in the class of 1897, 
and from the University of Pennsylvania, de- 
partment of law, LL. B., 1900. He was ad- 
mitted to the New Jersey bar November, 1901, 
as an attorney, and was made a counsellor in 
November, 1904, in conformity with the laws 
of the state which impose a legal practice of 
three years as an attorney-at-law, before being 
admitted as an attorney and counsellor-at- 
law, at which time they come into general 
practice in all the courts of the state. He was 
appointed assistant city council of the city of 
Camden, January i, 1907, and was made a 
member of the Camden County Bar Associa- 
tion, and of the Camden Republican Club. He 
affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows through membership in Amity Lodge, 
No. 166, of Camden, New Jersey, and with 

the Junior Order of American Mechanics 
through the membership in Diamond Council, 
No. 14, of Swedesboro, New Jersey. His col- 
lege affiliations include membership — the 
.\lumni Association of the University of Penn- 
sylvania and of the .Alumni Association of the 
Law Department of the University of Penn- 
sylvania. His church affiliation is with the 
Methodist Episcopal denomination through 
membership in the Methodist Episcopal church 
of Merchantville, New Jersey. 

He married, March 18, 1902, Mary Aline, 
(laughter of J. Howard and Lydia Kirkbride, 
of Camden, New Jersey. Children, born in 
r^Ierchantville, New Jersey, as follows: i. 
Mary, August 20, 1904. 2. Wilfred Bon- 
sieur (2), May 17, 1906. 

This family was founded in 
C.\MPION New Jersey by a boy who 

came over as an apprentice 
and was associated with the Quakers, although 
he does not seem to have been a member of 
the society. Many of his descendants now re- 
side in the vicinity of Burlington, New Jersey, 
where he settled. 

( I) John Campion is supposed to have been 
horn in Northamptonshire, England. Accord- 
ing to the family tradition, he came from 
Yorkshire, which seems very probable, as the 
party with which he came doubtless sailed 
from the town of Hull in Yorkshire. He was 
jirobably less than fifteen years of age on his 
arrival, and he lived as an apprentice in the 
home of John Eves, whose wife, Mary 
( Stokes) Eves, was born in Northampton- 
shire and it is supposed that John Campion 
came under the instruction of John Eves 
through the relatives of the latter's wife. As 
a member of the Eves household, young Cam- 
pion undoubtedly attended the Friends Meet- 
ings. He learned the trade of carpenter under 
the instruction of Eves, and after the latter's 
sudden death he received a legacy by will dated 
Jiuie 25, 1738. Campion evidently continued 
to reside in Evesham township, where he was 
married by license. May 12, 1752, to Mary, 
daughter of Samuel and Mary (Shinn) Eves, 
of Evesham (see Eves II). She was a birth- 
right h'riend, and in 1759 she made acknowl- 
edgement of marriage out of meeting at the 
Evesham meeting and was received again into 
full membership of the society. About 1760 
John Campion moved to the neighborhood of 
Burlington, and in 1762 his wife presented a 
certificate of removal from the Evesham meet- 
ing to that of Burlington. In 1766 and 1767, 



by two purchases, John Campion acquired 
from Jacob and WiUiam Wills, respectively, 
two tracts of land amounting to one hundred 
and fourteen acres together with a dwelling 
house. This plantation is located in what was 
then the eastern part of Northampton town- 
ship, now Southampton township, about one 
mile northeast of the village of V'incentown. 
The house has been somewhat altered but is 
still standing and occupied by Harry Bowne, 
the present owner. Here John Campion re- 
sided and died between July 22 and August 13, 
1774. the dates respectively of signing and pro- 
bating of his will. His younger brother, 
Ivichard Campion, born 1733, came to New 
Jersey, but the date of his arrival does not 
appear. He was married March 22. 1753. by 
license, to Sarah Borradaille. In December, 
1767, he was accidentally shot while duck 
hunting at Long Beach, New Jersey, and let- 
ters of administration were granted to his 
brother, John Campion, and his widow, Sarah 
Campion, January 8, 176S. John Campion's 
wife died before him. Children: Joseph, 
mentioned below ; Sarah, married, November 
23, 1777, Joab, son of Benjamin and Eliza- 
beth (Carter) Jones. 

(H) Joseph, only son of John and Mary 
(Eves) Campion, was born March 26, 1753, 
in Evesham, died September 23, 1829, on his 
father's plantation in Southampton, which he 
inherited. He was not a birthright Quaker, 
but applied November 6, 1775, to the Burling- 
ton Monthly Meeting for admittance to the 
Society, and after examination by a committee 
appointed for that purpose he was admitted 
the following month. He was married by 
Friend ceremony early in 1776, probably at the 
home of the bride, to Mary, daughter of Fran- 
cis and Zilpha \'enicomb. Shortly after his 
marriage he took up residence upon his 
father-in-law's plantation and there continued 
until the death of Mr. V'enicomb in 1785, after 
which he returned to his own plantation and 
continued there the remainder of his life. In 
accordance with the principles of the Friends, 
he took no part in the revolutionary war and 
seems not to have participated in the manage- 
ment of civil affairs, though he enjoyed the 
respect and confidence of the community and 
served frequently as executor and adminis- 
trator of estates. During the last fourteen 
years of his life, he was confined to the house 
with palsy, an aftliction which he bore with 
great patience and composure of mind. He 
survived his wife, who was born December 4, 
1755. died April 13, 1826, and both were buried 

in the burying ground at the meeting house in 
Mount Holly. Children: i. Sarah, born No- 
vember 10, 1776; married, February 2, 1802, 
William Penn Horner; died December 5, 1853. 

2. John, mentioned below. 3. Richard, May 
23, 1782 ; was a prominent business man, mem- 
ber of state assembly and of the governor's 
council, died in March, 1850. 4. Francis, 
April 24, 1784, died June 21, 1841. 5. Joseph, 
September 13, 1786, died April 29, 1861. 6. 
Stacy Budd, mentioned below. 7. William, 
June 30, 1793, died August 9, 1827. 

(HI) John (2), eldest son of Joseph and 
Alary (\enicomb) Campion, was born March 

3, 1779, in Southampton, died March 19, 1855. 
He was educated in the country schools of 
Northampton, and was still a boy when ap- 
prenticed to Benjamin Hooton, a hatter of 
Philadelphia, whose residence and shop was 
No. 14 North Second street. The confining 
work of a hatter was distasteful to Campion, 
and after completing his apprenticeship he 
returned to the active out-door life of the 
farm. He rented from Benjamin Cooper a 
farm adjacent to that of his father, on which 
he resided until his retirement. He married, 
February 2, 1804, Sarah Hall, born May 13, 
1782, died November 3, 1830, daughter of James 
and Sarah (Wynne) Hall. James Hall was a 
native of London, a clock maker by trade, and 
settled in Germantown, Pennsylvania, where 
he married in 1772 Sarah, daughter of John 
and Sarah (Pastorius) Wynne, of that place. 
After the death of his wife, his daughter 
Sarah removed to the home of her mother's 
sister, Anne, wife of Thomas (2) Hooton, of 
Burlington, New Jersey. The latter was a 
nephew of John Campion's preceptor, and was 
also a hatter by trade. Here Sarah Hall met 
John Campion to whom she was married by 
Samuel Bispham, a justice of the peace. She 
was well educated, wrote a fine hand and her 
gracious manners and charming disposition 
won the love and respect of the community. 
Her death was caused by consumption after 
many years of suffering and she was buried 
in the Friends burying ground at Mount Holly. 
.\fter all her children were married, her hus- 
band retired and resided with his brother, 
Stacy B.. at Campion's Hotel, at Mount Holly, 
and spent the remainder of his life either there 
or with one or another of his children. They 
were: i. Charles Hall, born February 2, 1805, 
died Febaiary 2, 1840. 2. James, June 10, 
i8of), died February 14. 1836. 3. Joseph Hall, 
mentioned below. 4. Sarah. April 9, 1813; 
married, March 31, 1835, Rev. Josiah Flint 



Caiitield ; died January 23, 1840. 5. Benja- 
min Cooper, March 14, 181 5, died February 
2, 1898. 6. Elizabeth, March 22, 1817; mar- 
ried, Xovember 2, 1840, George Dugdale ; 
died Xovember 9, 1844. 7. Rebecca, died aged 
two years. 

(1\') Joseph Flail, third son of John and 
Sarah (liall) Campion, was born June 12, 
1808, in Southampton, died December i. 1895, 
in Philadelphia. He was educated at the 
country schools in Northampton ; he was so 
small at the age of fifteen years that his father 
believed he would never grow large enough 
to engage in the arduous labors of the farm. 
He accordingly apprenticetl him to learn the 
trade of cabinet-maker under the instruction 
of .Mr. William Fling, of Philadelphia, whose 
place of business was located at 435 Chestnut 
street (old number). He became rapidly 
skilled in the use of tools and developed a 
taste for mechanics, largely inherited from 
several of his forebears. He grew in body to 
such an extent that although slender he stood 
nearly six feet in height. He was very active 
and particularly fond of athletics, being a very 
proficient skater upon ice. After completing 
his term of apprenticeship he took employment 
with John Alillington, civil engineer and ma- 
chinist, formerly a professor of mathematics 
in the Royal Institute of Great Britain and of 
natural philosophy in Gays Hospital, London. 
Mr. Millington engaged in business in Phila- 
delphia as an importer and manufacturer of 
engineering supplies. Mr. Campion did not 
remain long with him. Upon leaving this em- 
ployment, Mr. Campion received from him a 
letter of recommendation, saying in part, "He 
is an excellent workman of very steady and 
industrious habits and perfectly sober, honest, 
and honorable in all his dealings, and quite 
worthy of the confidence of any person with 
whom he may form an engagement of busi- 
ness, besides which, he is of a good tempered 
and obliging disposition. The only reason of 
our ])arting was his desire to travel and visit 
the different jwrts of his native country, and 
as I part with him with regret, I voluntarily 
and witiiout his retiuest, offer him this testi- 
monial of my regard for liim and my appro- 
l)alion of his conduct, while he was with me, 
tliinking it might jirovc of use to him in any 
new connections he may fomi with strangers. 
who would be unable to appreciate his merits 
before they became ac(|uainted witii him." 
Mr. Campion traveled for a time through the 
south and returned in 1834 to Philadelphia, 
where he engaged in the manufacture of furn- 

iture in partnership with Thomas Moore under 
the style of Moore & Campion, their factory 
and offices being located at 261 South Second 
street. For thirty-five years this business was 
successfully conducted, and when the pro- 
prietors retired it was continued several years 
by Mr. Campion's son, in partnership with an- 
other untler the firm name of Smith & Cam- 
pion. Joseph H. Campion was a Republican 
in politics and an abolitionist, but took no 
active part in the war of the rebellion. He 
became a member of the Union League Club 
of Philadelphia shortly after its formation. 
He resided for many years at 236 Pine street, 
Philadelphia, whence he removed to 327 South 
Seventeenth street, where his death occurred 
at the advanced age of eighty-eight years, hav- 
ing survived his wife for a period of sixteen 
years. Fie married, January 17, 1839, Martha 
Reeve, born December 28, 18 16, died Septem- 
ber 30, 1879, daughter of Richard and Sarah 
( Sleeper ) Reeve. Both are buried in the fam- 
ily lot in South Laurel Hill cemetery, Phila- 
delphia. Children: i. John W., born Febru- 
ary 29, 1840, died January 7, 1907. 2. Rich- 
ard Reeve, February 11, 1842, died February 
2, 1881. 3. Harry Clifford, mentioned below. 

(\') Harry Cliiiford, third son of Joseph 
Hall and Martha (Reeve) Campion, was born 
.August 13, 1846, in Philadelphia, died Novem- 
ber 15, 1905, in that city. He was educated 
at the Friends Central School at Philadelpliia, 
and at the age of seventeen years entered the 
employ of Joel Bailey & Company, where he 
continued six years. As a result of a severe 
strain, he was obliged to take a vacation in the 
year i8fx) and traveled through the far west, 
si)ending considerable time in California. On 
his return to Philadelphia he engaged in busi- 
ness with his brother, John W. Campion, and 
so continued until the time of his death, which 
was the result of an accident. He married, 
April 28, 1877, Ann Mary Keen, born De- 
cember 18, 1850, daughter of James Styles 
and Emily Eliza (Catherwood) Keen. Siie, 
with an only son, survives him. 

(\I) Harry Clififord (2), only son of 
Harry Clifford (i) and .\nn Mary (Keen) 
Campion, was born Fe]>ruary 13, 1878, in 
l'hiladel]ihia, and resides in IVIedia, Delaware 
county, Pennsylvania. He married, June 16, 
1903, Mable Maria Campion, daughter of Will- 
iam H. and Emma Jane (Shepard) Campion. 
Children: Ann Louise, born June 5, 1904; 
Richard Reeve, May 7, i()o6; John Wynne, 
Scpteml)er 30, 1907, died before one year old ; 
Emma Jane, March 1, 1909. 

/^f-vC^-.^^'^ ^^.y^ 



(III) Stacy lUicUl, fifth son of Joseph and 
Alary (Venicomb) Campion, was born August 
17, 1791, in Southampton, died April 16, 1866, 
in Camden, New Jersey. He was named for 
his father's family physician, a famous prac- 
tician residing in Mount Holly. Stacy B. 
Campion attended the public schools near his 
home, and early engaged in business with 
Henry Burr, Jr., at Lumberton, New Jersey, 
under the firm name of Campion & Burr. 
This partnership was dissolved June 13, 1820, 
and the business was continued by Mr. Cam- 
pion for a few years. Before 1828 he re- 
moved to Mount Holly where he succeeded 
Griffith Owen as proprietor of the Black Horse 
Tavern, which formerly stood on the east side 
of Main street, one door above Mill street. In 
the year 1833 Mr. Campion purchased the 
State Arms Hotel, on the opposite side of the 
street, occupying the southern portion of the 
ground now occupied by the Arcade Hotel. 
This historic old hostelry has been continu- 
ously in business since before the revolution- 
ary war and on its ancient sign board was 
painted the arms of the state of New Jersey, 
with the motto: "Peace, Liberty and Safety." 
Mr. Campion enlarged the hotel to double its 
former size and conducted it five years, at the 
end of which time he sold out and removed to 
a farm near Mncentown. In 1843 he went 
to Camden, New Jersey, where he rented the 
Cooper's Point ferry property and hotel of 
William Cooper and was succeeded by William 
Cooper's grandson, William Wood Cooper, 
who had married his only surviving daughter. 
Returning to IMount Holly, Mr. Campion ])ur- 
chased the Washington Hotel, sometimes 
called the Upper Hotel, and continued there in 
business for about ten years. At the end of 
this period, he sold out to Morgan Lippincott 
and returned to Camden., where he lived in re- 
tirement until his death. He was a man of 
very genial, hospitable manner, and well- 
known throughout the state particularly 
among the members of the legal profession, 
many of whom were his guests while attending 
court at Mount Holly. He served as one of 
the assessors of Northampton township in 
1840-41-42. He married, June 20, 1820, 
Maria Dungan, born February 9, 1799, died 
February 19, 1886, daughter of Josiah and 
Mary ( lUitterworth) Dungan, of New Mills 
(now Pemberton). She was a Baptist by 
birth, joined the society of Friends after her 
marriage and was a prominent member of the 
Mount Holly Meeting, being custodian of the 
records for many years. She survived her 

husband almost twenty years. Children; 1. 
Richard, died in infancy. 2. Mary Dungan, 
died young. 3. Rebecca \'enicomb, died 
young. 4. .-Knn Butterworth, born October 9, 
1825; married, November 8, 1849, \\'illiani 
Cooper: died February 16, 1883. 5. William, 
died young. 6. Stacy Budd, November 30, 
1833. died April 25, 1896. 7. John C, died 
young. 8. William Henry, August 14, 1838, 
died July 22, 1898. 9. Harrison, February i, 
1840. 10. Richard, mentioned below. 

(IV) Richard, youngest child of Stacy 
Budd and Maria (Diingan) Campion, was 
born August 13, 1842, on his father's farm 
near Vincentown, and attended the schools 
of his native locality and also received private 
instruction. At an early age he entered a 
dry goods store on Market street, Philadel- 
phia, where he continued seven years and be- 
came familiar with the business. For three 
years succeeding this period he was engaged 
in the same business on his own account in 
Philadelphia. In 1869 he became a manu- 
facturer of worsted yarns, and is still identi- 
fied with this industry, his office being located 
at Chestnut street in Philadelphia. He is a 
member of the National Association of 
Woolen Manufacturers, and of the American 
Protective League. Mr. Campion enlisted a.-^ 
a soldier of the civil war at Philadelphia in 
1862, in what was known as Star's Battery, 
and was attached to the First Regiment of 
Pennsylvania Volunteers. He is a member of 
Meade Post, No. i. Grand Army of the Re- 
public, of Philadelphia, and the Veteran Corps, 
and is president of the New Jersey Society of 
Pennsylvania. He is also a member of the 
Union League Club; Rittenhouse Club of 
Philadelphia: Hartford Club of Hartford. 
Connecticut ; Hope Club of Providence, Rhode 
Island : and Home Market Club of Boston, 
Massachusetts. He is a member and vice- 
president of the Manufacturers' Club of Phila- 
delphia : the Pennsylvania Historical Society 
and the Pennsylvania Genealogical Society. 
Mr. Campion is an ardent Republican, and has 
recently been appointed a member of the in- 
ternal water ways commission of Pennsylva- 

He married, June 8, 1886, Susan Hulme 
Grundy, born October 25, 1848, daughter of 
Edward N. and Emma (Shoemaker) Grundy, 
of Philadelphia. 

(The Eves Line). 

This is an early New Jersey family which 
came with the early Quakers and settled upon 



llif Delaware river. Its descendants are still 
numerous in Burlington county in the vicinity 
of the first settlement and are settled through 
other regions. 

( 1 ) Thomas Eves came from London to 
Burlington, New Jersey, among the first ar- 
rivals of that Quaker settlement upon the 
Delaware. That he came for religious free- 
dom cannnt l)e doubtco, but that he was a 
native of London is certain, although people 
of that name were living there at the time. 
It is probable that for a few years he lived 
in the town of Burlington wdiere ht had taken 
up a town lot as part of his one thirty-second 
of a proprietary share of (one one-hundredth 
|)art ) West Jersey. On September 29, 1680, 
lie located by survey a tract of thirty acre.s 
and January 12, 1682, a tract of one hun- 
dred acres, the former at Assiscumct, now 
called Mill Creek, and the latter at Rancocas 
Creek in what is now Willingboro township 
of Burlington county. He removed to this 
before February 6, 1683, and there in the year 
1708 his wife and two sons, Daniel and Ben- 
jamin, died and were buried in the Friends' 
burial ground at Rancocas. The winter of 
this year was very severe, the frost at times 
penetrating to the depth of four feet, and it 
is quite probable that these three deaths oc- 
curred from some contagious disease, pos- 
sibly small pox, to which disease many of the 
whites and Indians fell victims. Thomas 
Eves took other lands in Burlington county 
which completed his one-thirty-second of a 
proi)rigtary share, some of which lay in what 
was always called Evesham township, being 
named after his family. After the marriage 
and settlement of all his sons he removed to 
this town.ship and there died in the fall of 
1728. Children: i. Thomas, died April, 
1757. 2. John, died March, 1740. 3. Daniel, 
born in Willingboro, 1681, died 1708. 4. 
Samuel, mentioned below. 5. Benjamin, born 
1686, died 1708. 6. .\jnn, born 1689; married, 
November 10, '1709, James Lippincott. 7. 
Dorothy, married Jacob Ilewlings. 

(II) Samuel, fourth son of Thomas and 
Anna Eves, was born July 20, 1684, in Will- 
ington township, died in Evesham, February, 
1759. He was a farmer and resided in Eve- 
sham, being a member of the meeting of 
Friends of that name. He married (first) 
December 2, 171 3, Jane Wills, born 1692. died 
1716, daughter of John and LI ope (Delefast) 
Wills. He married (second) in November, 
1721, Mary Shinn, lx)rn 1694, daughter of 
George and Mary (Thompson) Shinn, who 

survived him. Children of second marriage : 
I. Anne, married her cousin, Jonathan Lippin- 
cott, son of James and Ann (Eves) Lippin- 
cott. 2. John, died 1772. 3. Joseph, married 
Rebecca Haines. 4. Mary, married, May 12, 
1752. John Campion, of Evesham (see Cam- 
pion. 1 ). 

Salem, Massachusetts 
TH( )RXE-THORN Bay Colony, was es- 
tablished August 2^, 
1030, and was looked upon as the permanent 
seaport of Massachusetts Bay. This fact at- 
tracted the attention of English capitalists and 
men of family desiring to leave England either 
for political or religious betterment ; so, as no 
bounds had been set, the land-seekers, not in- 
terested in the merchant marine, settled both 
north and south of Salem harbor and the town 
of Saugus was established July 5, 1631, and in 
1635, the bounds between Saugus and Salem 
were defined. On November 20, 1637, Sau- 
gus took the name "of Lynn and among the 
adventurous spirits of this time among its set- 
tlers was William Thorne (q. v.). The name 
has the u.sual number of spellings and the dif- 
ferent branches of the same family could not 
agree as to using or dropping the final e and 
the same is true to this day. The immigrant 
and the next three generations spelled the 
name T-h-o-r-n-e, and those who wont to West 
Jersey dropped the final e, making it T-h-o-r-n 
and we shall observe this distinction in the 
following sketch of William Thorne and his 

( I ) William Thorne came probably from 
Essex, England, and was made a freeman of 
Lynn. Massachusetts, May 2, 1638, and the 
same year had "thirty and ten" acres of land 
ai^portioncd him in that town. W'e next find 
him in Flushing, Long Island, in 1645, as one 
of the eighteen original patentees of the town, 
the jiatent having been granted by Governor- 
General Keift, October 19, 1645. The list of 
grantees w^ere : Thomas .\pplegate. Thomas 
Beddord, Laurina Dutch, Robert Field, 
Thomas Farrington, Robert Firman, Edward 
Hart,' John Hicks, John Lawrence. William 
Lawrence. John Marston, Michael Millord, 
William I'idgeon. Thomas Saul, Henry Sau- 
telle, Thomas Stiles, John Townsend and Will- 
iam Thorne. and according to Onderdonk the 
date was October 10, 1645. In 1646 W'illiam 
Thorne was granted a plantation lot in the 
town of Gravesend, Long Island, of which lot, 
Lady Deborah Moody, her son. Sir Henry 
Moody, Ensign George Baxter and Sergeant 



Hubbard bad received a general patent Decem- 
ber i(), 1645. In 1647 W'ilHani Tborne was 
one of the proprietors of tbe town of Jamaica, 
Long Island, which had been conveyed to the 
white settlers in 1646. He probably resided in 
Jamaica for a long time, as his daughter Sus- 
annah Thorne "of Jamaica" married John 
Lockerson (or Ockersonj, of Flushing. Will- 
iam Thorne Senior and William Thorne 
Junior ( probably at the time a boy in years, 
as he only made his markj were among the 
thirty-one signers of a remonstrance to Gov- 
ernor-General Stuyvesant against severe treat- 
ment of the Quakers. This remonstrance 
was drawn up in a Meeting of the Society of 
Friends, under the large oak tree where 
George Fox preached in 167 1, in Flushing, De- 
cember 27, 1657. The four sons of William 
Thorne and his wife, whose name is not on 
record, were probably named in the order of 
their birth: William, John (q. v.), Joseph, 
Samuel, and their only daughter was Susan- 
nah, who married at Jamaica, July 10, 1667, 
John Lockerson (or Ockerson). It is gener- 
ally believed that both William Thorne and his 
wife were buried in the burial grounds of the 
Friends' Meeting House at Flushing, Long 
Island, built in 1695 and still standing in ex- 
cellent condition as originally erected, the re- 
pairs being made in conformity with the ma- 
terial used in building. On the separation of 
the Hicksites in 1827, the Meeting House 
])assed into the hands of the Hicksites Friends. 
(II) John, second son of William Thorne, 
the immigrant, was made a "freeman of Con- 
necticut if he will have it" May 12, 1664, at 
which date he had probably just arrived at 
legal age, which if true would make the year 
of his birth 1643. He was, therefore, prob- 
ably born in Lynn, Massachusetts. On Au- 
gust 12, 1667, he with his brother Joseph and 
twelve others, men subject to bear arms "rep- 
resent themselves to governor-general Keift 
and give their names, men of Flushing ready 
to serve His Majesty under his honorable com- 
mand on all occasions." He died in Flushing, 
Long Island, in 1709. His will was made 
July 23, 1709, and recorded the same year, 
in which he leaves "housing, lands and mead- 
ows, goods and chattels" to his wife and chil- 
dren, which he mentions by name, restricting 
his wife's share in case she should be married 
again. We find among the early transfers of 
land in Flushing a record of a deed recorded 
July 21, i6g6, which reads: "John Thorne of 
Flushing, in ye North Riding of Yorkshire" 

to Anthony Floyd of ye aforesaid place, of 
fifty acres, more or less. 

John Thorne married Mary, daughter of 
Nicholas and Sarah Parsell or Pearsall or 
Purcell. The children of John and Mary 
Thorne. named in the order of their birth, 
were : I. William, who was sole executor of his 
father's will. He subsequently removed to 
Nottingham township, Burlington county. 
West Jersey, where he had a farm, and when 
his building burned in 1725 the Chesterfield 
Friends Meeting raised money to help him re- 
build. He was married at Shrewsbury Meet- 
ing, eleventh month, second day, 1708, by 
Friends' ceremony, to Meribah Ailing, daugh- 
ter of Jediah and Elizabeth Allen, and Susan- 
nah and Joseph Thorne were among the wit- 
nesses. According to the Friends record they 
had eight children. He died near Crosswicks, 
New Jersey, in 1742. 2. John (q. v.). 3. 
Joseph, of P'lushing, who married Alartha Jo- 
hanna, daughter of John Bowne, and had 
seven children all born in Flushing, where he 
died in July, 1753, and his widow, July 6, 
1750. 4. Mary, who married William Fowler 
and had a daughter Mary and both mother and 
daughter were baptized in Grace Protestant 
Episcopal Church in Jamaica in 171 1. 5. 
Elizabeth, who married a Schurman. 6. Han- 
nah, who married in 1701 Richard, son of 
John and Mary ( Russell ) Comwell, and had 
ten children between 1703 and 1723. 7. 
Sarah, who married Joshua, son of John and 
Mary (Russell) Cornwell, and had four chil- 
dren between 1696 and 1701. 

(Ill) John (2), son of John ( i ) and Mary 
( Parsell ) Thorne, was born in Flushing, Long 

Island, where he married Catherine , 

also of Flushing, both names appearing as 
man and wife in 1698 and we find them in 
Chesterfield, Burlington county,- Nevv* Jersey. 
in 1700, where he bought one hundred and 
eighty-one acres of land, August 26, 1717. 
which he sold .Anthony Woodward Junior, for 
one hundred pounds, August 7, 1725, and on 
August 26, 1717, purchased a plantation fur- 
ther down the creek below where the village 
of Crosswicks stands. He was constable in 
1 7 10 and held the office up to 1749. tie was 
also town collector. He was a carpenter and 
a farmer, and his will dated February 16, 
1735, was proved June 14, 1737. in which he 
names his children. He made his mark in- 
stead of signing the will himself, but this was 
probably owing to his infirmity, as he no doubt 
received a good education for the time and at 



least could read and write. His widow, Cath- 
erine, also made a will, dated November 19. 
1766, and proved November 29, 1766, and she 
also made her inark but as the will was written 
but ten days before her death, that easily ac- 
counted for it on account of her physical weak- 
ness. Her will also mentions the children, 
omittintj those who had died between I7^S and 

The twelve children of John and Catherine 
Thorne were all, except possibly the first, born 
in Burlington county, New Jersey, and are 
named in the will in the following order: i. 
John, who died intestate at Bordentown, New 
Jersey, May 8, 1759. 2. Mary. 3. Elizabeth. 
4. Deborah, who married a Simmons and died 
before the time of her father's death and left 
one child. 5. Joseph (q. v.). 6. Samuel, who 
married in October, 1730, Hannah Clay, and 
died in .\pril, 1777, at Crosswicks, New Jer- 
sey, leaving si.x children. 7. Benjamin, who 
married in .April, 1740, Sarah Bunting, and 
died in 1789, leaving no children. 8. Cather- 
ine, who married in March, 1728, Francis 
King. 9. Sarah, who married David Wright 
in March, 1743. 10. Thomas, who died in- 
testate at Bordentown in 1765. II. Rebecca, 
wlio married a Simmons. 12. Hannah, who 
was married in January. 1737-38, to Caleb (2), 
son of Joshua and grandson of Caleb Shreve. 
Of this large family, only two of the sons, 
Josejjh and Samuel, left descendants to per- 
petuate the name of Thorne. 

(I\') Jose])h, second son and fifth child of 
John (2) and Catherine Thorne, was born in 
Crosswicks, New Jersey, and married in Ches- 
terfield Meeting, after both parties to the mar- 
riage had twice declared their intention in 
open meeting to marry each other, the cere- 
mony being performed and the marriage cer- 
tificate duly signed by the witnesses present at 
public meeting held in March, 1723. the other 
contracting ])arty being Sarah, daughter of 
Thomas and Mary Foulke, natives of England, 
who settled in Burlington county. New Jer- 
sey. The children of Joseph and Sarah 
(Foulke) Thorn were: i. Elizabeth, born fifth 
month, third day, 1724, married, tenth month, 
1748. .Abraham Tilton, son of Samuel Tilton, 
of Middletown, New Jersey, and they had 
three children. Hatmah, Sarah and Lucy. 2. 
Joseph (2), born fourth month, nineteenth 
day, 1727. 3. John (2). third month, fourth 
day, 1730, die(l eighth month, twenty-second 
day, 1807; married, fourth month. 1750, Dia- 
damia, daughter of Isaac and Lydia (Brown) 
Joins. 4. Michael, tenth month, second day. 

1731 ; died unmarried. 5. Thomas (q. v.). 
6. Alary, married, in 1767, Cornelius Hendrick- 
son of Monmouth county. New Jersey. 

(A) Thomas, second son and third child of 
Joseph and Sarah (F'oulke) Thorn, was bom 
at Crosswicks, New Jersey, July 21, 1733. He 
married, in 1759, Susanna, daughter of Will- 
iam and Jane Biles, of Bucks county, in ac- 
cordance with the ceremony of the Society of 
Friends at Falls Meeting in Bucks county. 
They settled near Crosswicks, New Jersey. 
Thomas died at Crosswicks, February 25, 
1801, and many of his descendants are still 
residents of the same vicinity. The children 
of Thomas and Susanna (Biles) Thorn were 
born on the Thorne homestead near Cross- 
wicks, P.urlington county. New Jersey, as fol- 
lows : 1. Benjamin. January 5, 1763. 2. .Ann, 
July 4, 1764. 3. \\'illiam Biles (q. v.). 4. 
George Biles, .August 29, 1767. 5. Lang- 
thorn, March 8, 1769. 6. Sarah, October 9, 
1772. 7. Enoch, January 6, 1775. 8. 
Thomas, February 17, 1782. 

(\ I) William Biles, second son and third 
child of Thomas and Susanna (Biles) Thorn, 
was born at Crosswicks, New Jersey, March, 
26, 1766. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Hugh and .Ann Hutchins, who was born De- 
ceml)er 29, 1769, died April 15, 1832. The 
children of William Biles and Elizabeth 
( I hitchins I Thorn were born on the home- 
stead farm near Crosswicks, as follows : i . 
.\nn, December 6, 1791. 2. Sarah B., October 
12. 1792, married Robinson Tindale and was 
the mother of (jeneral Cicorge Hector Tindale. 
3. Thomas B. ( cj. v.). 4. William I'.., Decem- 
ber 23, 1796. 

(ATI) Thomas B., eldest son and third 
child of William Biles and Elizabeth (Hutch- 
ins ) Thorn, was born on the homestead farm 
at llardwick. New Jersey. .August 15, 1794. 
He was a school teacher and was an excellent 

])cnman. He married Sarah and they 

had their home at Chews Landing, where four 
children were born as follows: i. John, who 
went west and settled there. 2. Alary, married 
I'^ank I'eabody, of Elgin, Illinois, and made 
her home in that place. 3. Elizabeth, married 
.Mr. .Ailing, of Naugatuck, Connecticut. 4. 
William H., (q. v.).' 

( XllI) William II., third son and youngest 
child of Thomas B. and Sarah Thorn, was 
educated in the district school of his native 
jilace and there learned the rudiments of 
knowledge, including what was familiarly 
kiiow n as the three R"s., Reading, 'Riting, and 
'Rithmatic, but he continued to study at home. 



while an aj)preiitice to a shoemaker at Had- 
dontield, Camden county, which useful trade 
he became master of. He became, through 
careful reading of well-selected books, a 
learned man for one in his position in life. 
He went from the shoeshop in Haddonfield to 
one in ^ledford in Burlington county, where 
he worked for the grandfather of Governor 
Stokes, who was a noted boot and shoe-maker. 
He subsequently began the manufacture of 
shoes on his own account and he continued the 
business for ten years, when he retired and 
spent his time in the care of his accumulated 
estate and investments. He was a strong 
Abolitionist in the days when considerable 
odium was attached to men having such views, 
and on the advent of the Republican party he 
naturally became associated with the new 
party. His fraternal affiliation was with the 
Independent Order of Odd F'ellows, Medford 
Lodge, Xo. 100, and he was the first member 
initiated in that lodge. He was by birthright 
a member of the Society of Friends of the 
Hicksite branch. He married Margaret W., 
daughter of Barzilla Prickitt, born in 1827, 
in Medford, died at her home in Medford, 
New Jersey, in 1908. These children were: 

1. Thomas B., named for his grandfather, 
learned the trade of his father and engaged in 
the shoe manufacturing business. On retir- 
ing he lived with his father in Medford. He 
married Anne Xutt and had four children: 
William Garfield, Alice, ]\Iary and Charles. 

2. Henry Prickitt (q. v.). 

( IX ) Henry Prickitt, second son of Will- 
iam H. and Margaret W. ( Prickitt) Thorn, 
was born in Medford, Burlington county. New 
Jersey. January 27. 1853. He was educated 
at Friends' School in Medford and M. H. 
Allen's private school in the same town, and he 
worked as a clerk in his father's shoe manu- 
factory during vacations. He was graduated 
at the College of I'harmacy, PhilaJelphia, 
Pennsylvania, in 1875, ^"'J the same year pur- 
chased the drug business then being carried 
on by Mr. Stokes, uncle of Governor Stokes, 
and he greatly enlarged the business and be- 
came one of the leading pharmacists in Burl- 
ington county. He also engaged in the busi- 
ness of raising cranberries on a bog of fifteen 
acres from 1888, which under his methods of 
cultivation has proved to be very profitable. 
He is a director in the Burlington County 
Safe Deposit and Trust Compajiy of Moores- 
town. New Jersey, and president of the Burl- 
ington County Xational Bank of ^ledford. 
New Jersey, since i8g8. He is also a director 

in the Gas and Water Company of Medford ; 
secretary of the Burlington County Associa- 
tion for Insurance, and has served as presi- 
dent of the Xew Jersey Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation. Mr. Thorn is active in local, state 
and national political affairs ; he served as a 
delegate to the Republican National convention 
at Minneapolis in June, 1892, when William 
McKinley was nominated for president of the 
United States, and was chairman of the Re- 
publican county committee of Burlington 
county. He is a member of the Burlington 
County Historical Society of Moorestown. 
He departed from the religious faith which lie 
inherited as a birthright, as it did not seem to 
meet the demands of the present day religious 
work as carried on in institutional churches. 
In doing so, he did not regret the inheritance 
he had been heir to, or the religious training 
he had received, as both added to his efifective- 
ness as a worker and trustee in the Methodist 
church and a member of the county committee 
in the Young Men's Christian Association, and 
no man better appreciated the value of the in- 
fluence of the Society of Friends on the early 
political and religious history of our country 
as witnessed in West Jersey, Pennsylvania, 
Long Island and Rhode Island. He affiliated 
with various fraternal and benevolent asso- 
ciations, his Masonic fellowship beginning in 
Mt. Holly Lodge, No. 14, F. and A. M. and 
extended to Siloam Royal Arch Chapter, Xo. 
19. Camden, New Jersey ; Cyrene Comman- 
dery. Knights Templar, No. 7, of Camden; 
and Lu Lu Temple, Mystic Shrine, of Phila- 
delphia. He was also initiated in the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows through Lodge 
No. 100. of Medford, Xew Jersey, and in the 
Order of Knights of Pythias through Medford 
Lodge, No. 108. He is a member of Red 
Cross Castle, Knights of the Golden Eagle, 
founded in 1873, and which distributed annu- 
ally r.pwards of two hundred and fifty thou- 
sand dollars in benefits, and of the Aledford 
Lodge, No. 42. Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, founded in 1868, and which had 
distributed up to 1903 in benefits one hundred 
an 1 twenty million dollars since its organiza- 
tion. The Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks., founded in 1868, and which had dis- 
tributed in benefits up to 1903 one million, two 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars, has a lodge 
Xo. 848, in Mt. Holly, New Jersey, of which 
Mr. Thorn is a member. 

Mr. Thorn married, June 22, 1880, Clara T., 
daughter of George and Caroline Wilson 
Branin, of Aledford, New Jersey, and their 



children were born in that place, as follows : 
I. Henry Norman, July i8, 1881. attended Alt. 
HoJly Military School, was graduated at 
Haverford College in 1904; in the employ 
of the firm of Harris, Jones and Cadbury 
Company, plumbers supplies, Philadelphia, 
I'ennsylvania. 2. Helen B., October 12, 1887. 
graduated at .St. Mary's Hall, Burlington, New- 
Jersey, in iyo6. 

The first that is known of the 
FOSTER name of Foster was about the 

year 1065, A. D., when Sir 
Richard Forrester went from Normandy over 
to England, accompanied by his brother-in- 
law, William the Conqueror, and participated 
in the victorious battle of Hastings. The 
name was first Forrester, then Forester, then 
Foster. It signified one who had care of 
wild lands; one who loved the forest, a char- 
acteristic trait which had marked the bearers 
of the name through all the centuries that have 
followed. The Fosters seem to have located 
in the northern counties of England, and in 
the early centuries of English history partici- 
pated in many a sturdy encounter with their 
Scottish foes. The name is mentioned in 
"Marmion" and the "Lay of the Last Min- 
strel." From one of these families in the 
seventeenth century appears the name of Reg- 
inald Foster. Tiring of the tyrannic rule of 
Charles 1, he came to .America and settled in 
Ipswich, Massachusetts, in about the year 
1638. He was a prominent figure in the early 
days, as the colonial records show. During its 
existence the Foster family has been a hardy, 
persevering and progressive race, almost uni- 
versally endowed with an intense nervous 
energy : there have been many instances of 
high attainments: a bearer of the name has 
been, e.x-officio, vice-president of the Repub- 
lic (Hon. Lafayette G. h'oster, president pro- 
tem, of the senate during Andrew Johnson's 
administration) ; another, Hon. John W. Fos- 
ter, of Indiana, was ])remicr of President Har- 
rison's cabinet : another, Hon. Charles Foster, 
of Ohio, was the secretary of the treasury. 
Many have attained high positions in financial 
life, and many have gained prominence in mili- 
tary affairs. The record of Major-C^eneral 
John Ci. F"ostcr through the Mexican War and 
the war of the Rebellion stamjjcd him as a 
soldier without fear and without re|)roach. 
Professor I'cll is the reputed and accredited 
inventor of the telephone, but before that dis- 
tinguished man had ever conceived the plan 
of electric transmission of the human voice. 

Joseph Foster, of Keene, New Hampshire, a 
mechanical genius, had constructed and put 
into actual use a telephone embodying prac- 
tically the same working plan as the Bell ma- 
chine. Query: Could it be possible that Jo- 
seph Foster's telephone alTorded the suggestion 
to Professor Bell? The Foster family has an 
authentic record covering a period of nearly 
one thousand years. It has furnished to the 
world its share of the fruits of toil ; it has 
contributed its share of enterprise and 
progress. Wherever it appears in the affairs 
of men it bears its crest: the iron arm holding 
the golden javelin poised towards the future. 

(I ) Reginald Foster came from England at 
the time so many emigrated to Massachusetts, 
in 1638, and with his family was on board one 
of the vessels embargoed by King Charles I. 
He settled at Ipswich, in the county of Essex, 
with his wife, five sons and two daughters: 
where he lived to extreme old age. with as 
much peace and happiness as was compatible 
with his circumstances in the settlement of a 
new ciiuntry. The names of his five sons who 
came with him from England were: Abraham, 
Reginald, William. Isaac and Jacob. One of 
the daughters who came with him from Eng- 
land married ( first ) a Wood, and after his 
death she married a Peabody. His other 
daughter married a Story, ancestor of Dr. 
Story, formerly of Boston, and of the late 
Judge Story. It is remarkable of this family 
that they all lived to extreme old age, all mar- 
ried, and all had large families from whom 
are descended a very numerous progeny set- 
tled in various parts of the L'nited States. 

(II) Abraham, eldest son and third child 
of Reginald Foster, of Boxford, Essex, Dev- 
rnshire, England, by the first of his three 
wives, who became the mother of seven chil- 
I'ren. who came with them to Ipswich. Massa- 
chusetts Bay Colony, in 1638, was born in Ex- 
eter, England, 1622. His two sisters were 
his senior. Mary was born about 1618 and 
when a widow married Francis Peabody, the 
immigrant ancestor of the Peabodys of New 
England, who came from St. .Albans. Hert- 
fordshire. England, in the ship "Planter" in 
1635 and settled in Ipswich, Massachusetts, 
and she became by this marriage the mother 
of fourteen children. She died April 9, 1705. 
.Sarah, born in 1620, married, about 1640. 
\\ illiam Storey, of Ipswich, and by this mar- 
riage had seven children and she died subse- 
fiuent to 1668. His brothers in the order of 
their birth were: i. Isaac, born in 1630, mar- 
ried (first! Mary Jackson, 1658. (secondt 



Hannah Downing, 1668, and (third) Martha 
Hale. 1679. He had fourteen children, eleven 
by his first wife and three by his second. He 
died after he was sixty-two years of age. 2. 
William, born 1633. married. 1661, Mary Jack- 
son ; lived in Boxford ; had nine children ; died 
May 17, 1713. 3. Deacon Jacob, born 1635. 
married (first) 1658, Martha Kinsman, and 
(second) 1667, Abigail Lord; lived in Ipswich, 
where fourteen children were born, five by his 
first wife and nine by his second. He died 
July 7. 1710. 4. Reginald, born 1636, married 
Elizabeth Dane, lived in Chebacco, Ipswich, 
and had by this marriage twelve children. 
Abraham married Lydia. daughter of Caleb 
and Martha Rurbank, of Rowley, Massachu- 
setts He was a farmer and he joined the 
church at Ipswich in full communion, April 

12, 1674. He was sixty-seven years of age, 
September 26. 1698, when he made deposition 
relative to land of Rev. John Norton. There 
was no will or administration of his estate, 
which he distributed among his family by deed 
December 21. 1698. (See Essex deeds, liber 

13, page 206.1 The ten children of Abraham 
and Lydia ( f'urbank ) I'^oster were born in 
Ipswich as follows: I. Ephraim, October 9, 
1657, married (first) Hannah Eames and (sec- 
ond) Mary West. 2. Abraham (q. v.). 3. 
James. January 12, 1662: he is not mentioned 
in his father's distribution of the estate, so it 
may be presumed that he died before 1698. 
4. A child born December 27, 1668, died un- 
named, twin of Isaac 5., who died unmarried 
February 13, 1717. 6. Benjamin, 1670, married 
Ann . 7. Ebenezer, July 15, 1672, mar- 
ried Mary Berman. 8. Mehitable. October 12. 
1675. married Ebenezer Averill, December 31. 
1700. 9. Caleb, November 9, 1677, married 
^lary Sherwin. 10. Ruth, who married. 
April 16. 1702. Jeremiah Perley, of Boxford. 
Abraham Foster, the father of these children, 
died in Ipswich. Massachusetts, Januars' 25, 

(Ill) Abraham (2). second son of Abra- 
ham ( I ) and Lydia (Burbank) Foster, was 
born in Ipswich, Massachusetts, October 16. 
1659. He was a soldier in the military serv- 
ice of the Colony of Massachusetts "and was 
woun^'ed in the public service and is to receive 
eight pounds out of the public treasury for 
smart money." He resided first in Ipswich 
and then removed to Topsfield, where he died 
May 2T,. 1741. The three children of Abra- 
ham and Mar}- (Burbank) Foster were: I. 
-Abraham ( r|. v.). 2. Nathan, May 17, T700, 
married Hannah Standish. 3. Daniel. Ajjril 

13, 1705, married (first) Hannah Black and 
(second) Elizabeth Davis. 

(I\') Abraham (3), eldest child of Abra- 
ham ( 2 ) and Mary ( Burbank) Foster, was born 
in Ipswich, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Janu- 
ary 12, 1696. He was married to Sarah Dun- 
nell, who was born in 1696. The intention to 
marry was published in the Church at Tops- 
field. April 5, 1718, but we have not the date 
of the marriage ceremony. She was admitted 
to the church at Topsfield, July 2, 1732. 
Abraham Foster was a carpenter and letters 
of administration on his estate were granted 
to his second son, Thomas, June 29, 1767, he 
having died April 23, 1767. Abraham and 
Sarah (Dunnell) Foster had seven children, 
born in Topsfield, as follows: i. Abraham. 
May 4, 1719, married Priscilla Todd. 2. 
Sarah, May 4, 1721, married .A.braham Adams, 
who died September 18, 1771. 3. Thomas 
((|. v.). 4. Hannah, September 18, 1726, died 
unmarried in 1802. 5. Amos, baptized De- 
cember 22. 1728; he purchased land in Rowley 
in 1758. 6. Ruth, baptized March 17, 1734. 
(lied unmarried in 1806. 7. Abigail, baptized 
April 3, 1737. 

( \') Captain Thomas, second son and third 
child of Abraham (3) and Sarah (Dunnell) 
Foster, was born in Topsfield, Massachusetts, 
August II, 1724. He was a captain in the 
Colonial militia, and resided in Ipswich. He 
married, April 5, 1748, Alehitable, daughter of 
Matthew and Mehitable Peabody. She was 
born December 24, 1728, and her intentions 
to marry Captain Thomas Foster was pub- 
lished November 21, 1747. She was admitted 
to the church at Ipswich, April 29, 1750. She 
became by this marriage the mother of seven 
children and her husband's estate was granted 
administration, December 8, 1789. The chil- 
dren of Captain Thomas and Mehitable (Pea- 
body ) Foster were born in Ipswich. Massa- 
chusetts, as follows: i. Elijah, February 19. 
1749. 2. Allen, April 24, 1751, married Lucy 
Patten. 3. Abigail, April 19, 1753, published 
intention to marry, March 13, 1773, Moses or 
Thomas Palmer. 4. Ebenezer, March 24, 
1755. 5. Mehitable, March 24, 1760. 6. Dan- 
iel (cj. v.). 7. Thomas. March 27. 1766, mar- 
ried. April 14, 1787. Lydia Batchelder. 

( \ I ) Daniel, fourth son and sixth child o^ 
Captain Thomas and Mehitable ( Peabody) 
Foster, was born in Ipswich, Massachusetts, 
March 12, 1762. He fought in the American 
revolution and was a soldier in Lafayette's 
select battalion and was presented by (Genera! 
Lafavette with a sword as a mark of esteem 



He was a prominent town officer in Xewbury- 
port and was employed in the naval office. He 
had the esteem of his descendants as being a 
cultured and respected gentleman, which no 
doubt was quite true and had much to do with 
his gaining the esteem of the French com- 
manding general. He married. December i8. 
1783, Dorothy Pingree, who was born in Xew- 
buryport, June 4, 1762, died there May 15, 
1834, the mother of seven children, born in 
Rowley and N'ewburyport as follows : i. Na- 
thaniel, February 28, 1797, married Fannie B. 
Brockway. 2. Daniel, who married Chomy 
Fuller. 3. Solomon, who removed to Potts- 
ville, Pennsylvania. 4. Jesse (q. v.). 5. 
Thomas. 6. Louisa, who died unmarried. 7. 
^lillicent. who died unmarried. 

(X'H) Jesse, fourth son of Daniel and 
Dorothy ( Pingree ) Foster, was born in New- 
buryport, Massachusetts, but the date of his 
birth has not been preserved. He was married 
to .\nn E. Toppan, of Newburyport, and they 
removed to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and 
subsequently to Pottsville, Pennsylvania, 
where he died when about ninety-three years 
of age. Jesse and .\nn E. (Toppan) Foster 
had four children born in Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire, as follows: i. Thomas (q. v.). 2. 
Frederick L., born in 1820, became a distin- 
guished citizen of Philadelphia and is the cus- 
todian of the sword presented to his grand- 
father Daniel ((|. v.). 3. Ann Eliza. Novem- 
ber I, 1821, married Oliver Dobson, Septem- 
ber 7. 1842, and resided in Pottsville, where 
five children were born of the marriage as 
follows: Emma Louise Dobson, September i, 
1843; Mary Eliza Dobson, July 17, 1846; 
Caroline Briggs Dobson, April 6, 1849, mar- 
ried John E. Waters, May 17. 1871, and had 
two children, Oliver and Grace Waters, who 
live in I'ridgeport, Ohio; Oliver Dobson 
Junior, June 9. 1851, died February 22. 1877: 
Hannah Dobson, October 7, 1853, died July 
26, 1854. 4. Clement Storer, August 18, 1823. 
married Rebecca .McCammet. 

(X'lH) Thomas (2) second son of Jesse 
and .\nn E. (To])i)an 1 Foster, was born in 
Portsmouth, New llampshire, July 20, 1819, 
died in I'ottsville. Pennsylvania, December 13, 
1886. He married. March 15, 1842, .Amanda 
M. Ruch, of Sunbury, Penn.sylvania, born Au- 
gust 25. 1822, and they had seven children, 
who were all living in 1909 as follows except 
the youngest child, who was at that time de- 
ceased. The names and location of these 
children was at that time as follow-s : I. 
Thomas Jefferson (q. v.). 2. Solomon, born 

December 25, 1844, a resident of Scranton, 
Pennsylvania. 3. Mary Agnes, February 21, 
1847, married W. H. Daniels, of Pottsville. 
4. Henry A., of Pottsville, Pennsylvania, Oc- 
tober 9, 1847. 5. William Wetherill, June 5. 
1855, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 6. John 
Ruch, September 27, 1857, of Baltimore, 
Maryland. 7. Jacob S., October 18, 1862, 
married Cecelia A. Schelling, of Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania. Thomas Foster was a boot and 
shoe dealer in Pottsville, Pennsylvania, for 
forty years. 

(IX) Thomas Jefferson, eldest chiUl of 
Thomas (2) and Amanda ^L (Ruch) Foster, 
was born in Pottsville, Pennsylvania, Decem- 
ber 31, 1842. He was graduated at Pottsville 
high school and at Eastman Business College, 
Poughkeepsie, New York. He became editor 
and proprietor of the Shenandoah Herald, 
Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, in 1872. He 
originated and planned a system of study of 
business methods by correspondence so as not 
to interfere with regular labor, necessary for 
daily needs in cases of self-supporting young 
men, who could not afford time or money to 
take a course in a business college. A trial 
of his system proved its practicability and he 
organized and incorporated the International 
Correspondence School, established at Scran- 
ton, Pennsylvania, in 1891, of which he is pro- 
prietor, and he also organized and incorporated 
the International Te.xt Book Company, of 
which he is president. The two corporations 
are under the one direction and management, 
the Text Book Company supplying the books, 
blanks and stationery necessary in carrying out 
the Correspondence School methods. He also 
promoted other business ventures in Scranton 
and is a director of the Traders' Xational 
Bank. Mr. Foster was captain of a company 
from Pottsville, Pennsylvania, and served 
through the entire civil war. 

He married (first) Fannie Mellct : children: 
I. .Amanda Rook^ who married Stanley P. 
.\llen. secretary of the International Corre- 
sponilence School at Scranton. 2. Mary 
Eliza, who married H. C. Barker, of Scranton. 
3. Joel McCammet (<|. v.). 4. Emma Louise, 
who resides in Scranton, Pennsylvania. 5. 
Jeremiah 1 lugh.who resides in Scranton. Fannie 
( .Mellet ) Foster died in Scranton, Xovember 
I. 1892, and Mr. Foster married (second) 
I'llandina, daughter of David Harrington, and 
their son. Thomas Jefferson, was born in .Scran- 

( X ) Joel McCammet, eldest son and third 
child of Thomas Jefferson and F"annie (Mellet) 



Foster, was born in rottsville, Pennsylvania, 
January i6, 1876. He was educated in the 
public schools of Scranton, Pennsylvania, and 
was graduated in 1892 at Nazareth Hall Mora- 
vian College, a military school. He found em- 
ployment on leaving college with the National 
Drilling and Boring Company, of Scranton, 
Penns\'lvania, for one year, and at the end of 
that time he was for a short time employed in 
the National Gas Engine and Metre Company, 
of Brooklyn, New York. He returned to 
Scranton in 1894 to take the position of organ- 
izer and su])erintendent of the field force of 
the International Correspondence School, of 
Scranton, of which his father is proprietor, 
and he remained in this position up to 1904. 
when he was obliged to resign on account of 
ill health, and he established a poultry farm in 
southern New Jersey, which he relinguished in 
1906. He established another at Brown's Mills, 
Burlington county, which he named the Ran- 
cocas Poultry Yards, which he made one of 
the largest established of the kind in the east, 
and where in 1909 he had ten thousand egg 
producing hens and the output of the yards 
amounted to thirty thousand dollars per annum. 
He served the township as justice of peace and 
truant ofhcer. and he was also president of 
the Brown's Mills Protective Association. His 
church affiliation is with the Presbyterian de- 
nomination and his political faith that of the 
Republican party. He married, June 14, 1898, 
Grace Addie, daughter of James Gilbert and 
Addie Mary (Finch) Bailey, of W'averly, 
Pennsylvania, and their daughter, Frances 
Adelaide, was born in Cincinnati. Ohio, May 
20, 1899, and in 1909 is a student in Friends' 
School, Moorestown, New Jersey. 

(The Roe Line). 

-\ chieftain by the name of Roo or Rollo 
with a herd of followers came from Norway 
to the kingdom of the Franks where they 
acquired by force of arms ownership to large 
estates which they called Normandy, including 
the city of Rouen which they took possession 
of in 842 and made it the capital in France of 
the Northmen or Norsemen. These Norwegian 
\'ikings in 982 pushed themselves in their little 
boats across the North Atlantic sea, landed in 
Greenland, and in 1002 they went further west 
and south along the coast of Labrador and 
established Vineland on the coast of New Eng- 
land and thus preceded Columbus in the line 
of discovery by nearly five hundred years. But 
the' Norsemen were bold invaders and not per- 
manent home makers and took possession of, 

rather than created, cities, towns and villages. 
Their descendants are the Normans of history, 
a warlike, vigorous and brilliant race rapidly 
adapting themselves to the more civilized 
forms of life that prevailed in the Frankish 
kingdom. Roo, Rolf or Rollo had been ban- 
ished by Harold Haarfager on account of his 
heracies and he forced Charles the Simple to 
grant him possession of all the land in the 
valley of the Seine to the sea and by the time 
Charles the Bold obtained the crown the in- 
vaders had firmly planted themselves in the 
country which then went by the name of Nor- 
mandy. They adopted the religion, language 
and manners of the con(|uered Franks, and 
inspired their borrowed results of a better 
civilization with their own splendid vitality. 
By the twelfth century they had developed a 
school of narrative history rivaling in celeb- 
rity the lyric troubadours of the more famed 
parts of the southern kingdom of the Franks. 

William, the duke of Normandy, born 1027, 
had made his great genius as a leader felt 
throughout Normandy, and when he came to 
the dukedom he continued his conquests even 
beyond the confines of the land of the Franks 
to England where Norman influences was very 
prominent in the covenants of Edward the 
Confessor. But when Harold was chosen to 
succeed the Conqueror on the English throne 
the Normans, under the lead of William, as- 
serted their rights due to an alleged promise 
from Edward that William of Normandy 
should be his successor. The battle of Hast- 
ings, October 14, 1066, gave to William the 
crown which he accepted December 25, 1066, 
and the war against the Saxons soon reduced 
that foe, and Scotland soon followed as a 
trophy to the Conqueror. Failing to subdue 
Denmark he withdrew his armada from their 
coast and raised an army and invaded France, 
but in the midst of the ashes of Nantes his 
horse failed him and the fall of the charger 
resulted fatally to the rider as he died Sep- 
tember 9, 1087. William the Conqueror gave 
to his attendants in arms the English name of 
Roe and as a coat-of-arms a Norman shield 
emblazoned with a Roebuck. King James I. 
made Sir Thomas Roe, great-great-grandfather 
of John Roe (q. v.), the American immigrant, 
embassador to Constantinople, and he was also 
one of the esquires of Queen Elizabeth who 
sent the Roe family into Ireland where Pierce 
Roe was the eighth earl of Ormond. 

(T) John Roe came from Ireland to Amer- 
ica by way of England in 1628. He married 
Hannah Purrin in 1635. They lived in East 



Hampton. Long Island, and in 1655 moved to 
Drowned Meadows, near Port Jefferson, Long 
Island, where his home long remained a land- 
mark. He died at Drowned Meadows, 1711. 
He left a widow and several children, including 
Xathaniel (q. v. ). 

(II) Xathaniel. sun of John and Hannah 
( I'urrin ) Roe. was born in Drowned Meadows, 
Long Island, now Brookhaven, in 1670, and 
died there in 1752. He was active in town 
aft'airs and met death by drowning in Long 
Island sound. He married Hannah Reeves, 
born 1678, died 1759, and among their chil- 
dren was Xathaniel ( q. v.). 

(III) Xathaniel (2), son of Xathaniel (i 1 
and Hannah (Reeves) Roe, was born at 
Drowned Meadows, Long Island, about 1700. 
He enlisted in Captain .-\lexander Smith's regi- 
ment of Suffolk county militia for service in 
the French and Indian war, April 18, 1758. 
He married, about 1730, Elizabeth Philipse 
and among their children was William (q. v. ). 

(IV) William, son of Nathaniel (2) and 
Elizabeth ( Philipse ) Roe, married Maria \'an 
Dusen and among their children was Betsey 
(q. v.). 

(\ ) Betsey, tlaughter of \\ illiam and Maria 
(Van Dusen) Roe, married S. Finch. 

(\T) William Roe, son of S. and Betsey 
(Roe) Finch, married Mary Kirkpatrick. 
and among their children was Addie Mary 
((|. v.). 

I\lll Ad.lic Mary, daughter of William 
Roe and Mary ( Kirk])atrick ) Finch, married 
James (jilbert Bailey, a grocer in Scranton, 
Pennsylvania, and at one time mayor of the 
city. They were the parents of one child, 
Grace .Addie (q. v.). 

(VIII) (jrace .\ddie. only child of James 
(Jilbert and .Vddie Mary (Finch) Bailey, was 
born in W'averly, Pennsylvania, .August 18, 
1878. She was educated at Waverly Academy. 
Wyoming Seminary and Scranton high school. 
.She is a member of the Presbyterian church, 
and of the patriotic society. Daughters of the 
American Revolution, her revolutionary an- 
cestor having been Cajitain William Roe. com- 
manding a company in Colonel Clinton's regi- 
ment. Second New York N'olunteers. She 
married. June 14. 1898, Joel McCammet. eldest 
son of Thomas Jefferson and Fannie (Mellct ) 
I'cster, of I'irown's Mills. New Jersey, of the 
tenth generation of the Foster family. Their 
child, Frances .Adelaide, was born in Cincin- 
nati, Oiiio. May 20, 1899, and in 1909 is a 
pupil in the I'Viends' Academv at Moorestown. 
Xew Jersey. 

In the most recent compilation of 
BCRR Burr family genealogy the author 

of that work, in commenting on the 
-Xew Jersey branch of the family at large, says 
that he had supposed that "the many families 
of the name in Central Xew Jersey were off- 
shoots from some one of the three Puritan 
branches of Xew England, and had confined 
his researches to them," but from data gathered 
from various sources "it was discovered that 
they were descended from one common an- 
cestor who emigrated from England as early 
as 1682 and settled near Mount Holly, the 
county seat of Burlington county." 

( I ) Henry Burr, immigrant ancestor of the 
Xew Jersey families of his surname, first ap- 
pears in the records of the Friends' meeting 
house at ^It. Holly, which is a record of the 
birth of one John Burr, son of Henry and Eliz- 
abeth Burr, under date of May 29, 1691. 
Family tradition says that this Henry Burr 
was a friend of William Penn and accompanied 
him on his last voyage to this coimtry. He bought 
a tract of land of eleven hundred acres in 
Xorthampton. Burlington county, and settled 
there. His name appears occasionally in trans- 
actions relating to the purchase or sale of land 
and also in the records of the Friends' meet- 
ings, but he does not appear to have identified 
himself conspicuously with public affairs, 
doubtless from the fact that he was a devout 
Friend and hence concerned himself little with 
matters outside of his family or the meetings. 
His will bears date October 29. 1642, and was 
admitted to probate June 11, 1743. He maf- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Robert and Mary 
(Thredder) Hudson, the latter a daughter of 
Richard and Mary Thredder, of London, Eng- 
land. Henry and Elizabeth (Hudson) Burr 
had nine children: i. John, born May 29, 
1691 (sec ix")st). 2. Joseph, born 1694 (see 
post). 3. Elizabeth, born 1696: married Sam- 
uel Woolman and became mother of John 
Wooliuan, the Ouaker preacher and annalist. 
a very remarkable luan in his way, who was a 
pioneer in the cause of slavery abolition and 
one of the most conscientious of men. 4. 
Mary, born 1698; married Jacob Lippincott; 
she was a woman so highlv esteemed for her 
christian virtues that the I-'riends prepared and 
published a memorial of her after her death. 

5. Sarah. l)orn 1701 : married Caleb Haines, 
of one of the oldest families of Xew jersey. 

6. Rebecca, born 1703; married Peter White. 

7. Martha, born 1705: married (first) Josiah 
Holmes: (second) Timothy Matlack. S." Will- 
iaiu. born 1710. 9. Henry, born 1713. 



(II) John, eldest son and child uf Menry 
and Elizabeth (Hudson) llurr, was born May 
29, 1691, and was a man of consitlerable conse- 
qnence in the early history of Mt. Holly and 
the community in which he lived. In 1728 he was 
appointed surveyor general of the western divi- 
sion of New Jersey. He married, 3d mo., 29, 1712, 
Keziah, daughter of Job and Rachel Wright, 
of Oyster Bay, Long Island, and by her had 
six children. She died April 12, 1731, and 

John Burr married ( second ) Susanna , 

who bore him two children. His children: i. 
Rachel, born nth mo., 22, 1713. 2. Henry, 
born 8th mo., 26, 171 5 (see post). 3. John, 
born 1st mo., 25, 1718. 4. Solomon, born nth 
mo., 27, 1721. 5. Keziah, born 2d mo., 17, 
1724. 6. Joseph, born 2d mo., 11. 1726. 7. 
Susanna, born 8th mo., 26, 1736. 8. Hudson, 
born 5th mo., 22, 1745. 

(III) Henry (2), eldest son and second 
child of John and Keziah (Wright) Burr, was 
born in Burlington, New Jersey, the 26th of 
the 8th month, 1715, and was of Mncentown, 
Xew Jersey. He married Sarah Eayre, and 
by her had four children: i. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried .\braham Hewlings. 2. Henry, born 1769. 
3. Thomas. 4. John. 

( II ) Joseph, second son and child of Henry 
and Elizabeth (Hudson) Burr, was born at 
Mt. Holly, Xew Jersey, in 1694, and married 
the 2d of 1 2th month, 1726, Jane, daughter of 
John and Anna Abbott, of Nottingham, New 
Jersey. They had ten children: i. Henry, 
born 5th mo., 12, 1 73 1 (see post). 2. Joseph, 
born 9th mo., 25, 1732. 3. Abigail, born nth 
mo., I, 1734; died 4th mo., 16, 1671; married 
David Davis. 4. Alary,, married Solomon 
Ridg^vay. 5. Robert. 6. Jane, married, 1762, 
David Ridgway. 7. Rebecca, married, 1771, 
James Chapman. 8. Ann, married George 
Deacon, g. William. 10. Hannah, married 
Richard Eayre. 

(Ill) Henry (3), first son and child of 
Joseph and Jane (Abbott) Burr, was born at 
Mt. Holly, New Jersey, the 12th day of 5th 
month, 1731, and was a man of high character, 
as is shown by the following : "This is to 
certify that the Bearer hereof, Henry Burr, 
is an Inhabitant of the Township of Northamp- 
ton, in the County of Burlington (Farmer) 
and is a person of good repute, and is generally 
believed to be clear of acting, doing or saying 
injurious to the present Government as Estab- 
lished under the authority of the people ; there- 
for permit him the said Henry Burr to pass 
and repass through any of the Counties of 
this state if he behaveth himself as becometh a 

good citizen. Given this 7th day of .\ugust, 
i/jy- Josiah G. Foster, Es(j., Member of 
Assembly." Henry Burr married Elizabeth, 
daughter of William and Hannah Foster, and 
by her had three children: i. Hannah, born 
1754; married, 1774, Henry .\. Ridgway. 2. 
Abigail, born 1758; married Samuel Stockton, 
of Chesterfield. 3. Henry, born 1763 (see 
post ). 

( I\' ) Henry (4), only son and youngest 
child of Henry (3) and' Elizabeth (Foster) 
Burr, was born the loth day of ist month, 
1763, in Mt. Holly, New Jersey, in which town 
he died, in 1832, his will being proved January 
30, of that year. He was a farmer and lived 
on the old family homestead in Mt. Holly, his 
lands including four hundred acres. He was 
an industrious and prosperous husbandman, 
and as a man enjoyed the respect of all persons 
to whom he was known. He married Phebe, 
daughter of Edmund and Miriam Williams, 
of Shrewsbury, New Jersey, and by her had 
nine children: i. Edmund W., born 2d mo., 
I, 1792. 2. Elizabeth, born 5th mo., 18, 1793; 
married Joshua Satterthwaite, of Crosswicks, 
New Jersey. 3. Miriam, born nth mo., 21, 
1794; married Elwood E. Smith. 4. Henry, 
born loth mo., 15, 1796. 5. George W., born 9th 
mo., 15, 1798. 6. William W., born 2d mo., 
3, 1800. 7. Tyle W., born 3d mo., 15, 1802. 

8. Charles, born 7th mo., 21, 1804 (see post). 

9. Hudson S., born 7th mo., 2, 1806. 

I \' ) Charles, son and eighth child of Henry 
(4) and Phebe (Williams) Burr, was born in 
Mt. Holly, New Jersey, the 21st day of 7th 
month, 1804, and died there October 29, 1852. 
He was a man of good education and devoted 
much of his life to teaching school, at which 
he was very successful and enjoyed consider- 
able celebrity as a teacher. At one time and 
for several years he carried on a general mer- 
chandise store in Medford, New Jersey, and in 
all respects his business life was a success. In 
politics he was a Whig, but it does not appear 
that he took an active part in public affairs. 
He married (first) Lucy Ann Troth, born 
April 2, 1807, died February 20, 1829, and by 
whom he had one child. He married (second) 
February 8, 1830, Mary, daughter of Obadiah 
Engle and Patience, daughter of Job Cole and 
Elizabeth Tomlin. Job was the son of Kendal 
Cole and Ann, daughter of William Budd and 
Elizabeth, daughter of Richard and .\bigail 
Stockton, the emigrants. William was the son 
of William Budd and Ann Clapgut, the emi- 
grants. Kendal was the son of Samuel Cole 
and Marv, daughter of Thomas Kendal, the 



emigrants. Samuel was the son of Samuel 
and Elizabeth Cole, the emigrants. Obadiah 
Engle was the son of Joseph Engle and Mary 
Borton, referred to above. After the death 
of Charles Burr, Mary (Engle) Burr married 
( second ) Isaac, son of Isaac and Elizabeth 
( -Austin ) Haines, for whose ancestry see 
sketch of the Austin family. 

(\'I) Samuel Engle, third child and second 
son of Charles and Alary (Engle) Burr, was 
born in Burlington county, New Jersey, March 
20. 1836, and is now living in Bordenti>wn, 
New Jersey. For his early education he at- 
tended private school taught by his uncle, Will- 
iam Burr. At the age of eight years he went 
to his uncle, Samuel C. Engle, and worked on 
his farm, attending country school at Easton 
during the winter months. He resided there 
until sixteen years of age, then went to Moores- 
town and worked in his brother's store for 
seven years, and on January i. 1859, moved 
to Bordentown and started business for him- 
self under the name of Richardson & Burr. 
This continued for about one year, when he 
bought Mr. Richardson's interest and con- 
tinued the business alone of general store. His 
store was located at the corner of Farnsworth 
avenue and Crosswicks street, the center of the 
commercial activity of Bordentown, and here 
by close application to business and fair and 
equitable methods, Mr. Burr has steadily de- 
veloped a business of mammoth proportions, 
constituting in its several branches the most 
extensive and important enterprise in that sec- 
tion of Burlington county. At first the busi- 
ness was carried on by Mr. Burr and his 
brother, but upon the death of the latter Mr. 
Burr became the sole owner. When his son, 
Charles Engle Burr, became of age, he was 
admitted into partnership in the insurance 
branch of the business as Samuel E. Burr & 
Son, a general insurance agency which Mr. 
Burr started in 1868. For five years he was 
the sj)ccial agent of the Franklin Fire Insur- 
ance Com])any, with the power of appointing 
all other agents in Xew Jersey, three years in 
Trenton as secretary of the Standard Insur- 
ance Company, of Trenton, New Jersey. This 
comjiany was about to wind up its business 
when he took charge ; he built up its business 
and had it ])aying dividends inside of one year. 
In 1879 he built the Burr block in Borden- 
town. He is the president of the Bordentown 
board of health and of the water board. He 
has been a member of the common council, 
and a number of years ago was the canilidate 
of the assembly. in Xovembcr, 1908, with 

several other prominent citizens, Mr. Burr 
organized the First National Bank, of Borden- 
town, which in six weeks had $50,000.00 on 
deposit. In 1893 Mr. Burr organized the 
Samuel E. Burr Hardware Company, with 
himself as president and treasurer, and his son 
as secretary. In September, 1903, he disposed 
of the grocery and provision branches of his 
business to Cramer & Rogers, but he retains 
under his individual management the dry goods 
and notions lines at 2 Crosswicks street. In 
1882 Mr. Burr organized as an individual 
undertaking the public telephone service in 
Bordentown. After he had secured a sufficient 
number of subscribers to place the service on 
a remunerative basis he turned it over to the 
telephone company and the exchange is located 
on the second floor of the Burr building. Mr. 
Burr is a Baptist and a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows and of the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, of Borden- 
town. to the former of which he has been 
attached for fifty years. 

November 9, 1857, Samuel Engle Burr mar- 
ried (first) Sarah E., daughter of Benjamin 
and Hannah Richardson, who died April 18, 

1894. having borne him one child, Charles 
Engle, who is referred to below. January 3, 

1895. Samuel Engle Burr married (second) 
Elizabeth Coward, daughter of John Wesley, 
(lied November, 1904. and Anna (Coward) 
Thompson, and granddaughter of Allen Thomp- 
son, a ]\Iethodist minister who died aged one 
hundred years, his father having lived to the 
age of one hundred and three years. The chil- 
dren of this marriage have been two: i. Sam- 
uel Engle. Jr., born December 6, 1897. 2. 
.Anna Thompson, born March 12, 1900. 

(\ ID Charles Engle, the only child of 
.Samuel Engle and Sarah E. (Richardson) 
Burr, was born in Bordentown, Burlington 
county. New Jersey, September 4, 1868. For 
his early education he was sent to the Borden- 
town Alilitary Institute, after which he sjient 
one year in the Alodel school at Trenton, and 
then entered the Boston School of Technology-, 
wdiich last institution he was, however, obliged 
Xo leave after only a short stay, owing to ill 
health. This was in i8S8, and he then went 
abroad and spent some time in travelling 
through England. France and Germany, and 
returning went for a visit to California. In 
1893 he went into business with his father as 
secretary of the hardware company. In 1889 
was made a partner in the insurance business. 
Mr. I'lurr is a director in the First National 
P.ank. of Bordentown ; secretary of the P.orden- 



town Cemetery Association, and for the last 
five years has been chief of the five depart- 
ment of the city. He is also the treasurer of 
the Firemens' Volunteer Relief Association. 
He organized the Yapwes Boat Club and from 
its inception has been its secretary and treas- 
urer. ^Ir. Burr is a Democrat, he has served 
as a councilman, in 1900 being president of the 
common council. He is a member of the Free 
and Accepted Masons, Mount ^loriah Lodge. 
Xo. 28; of the Mount Moriah Royal Arch 
Chapter, No. 20, and of Ivanhoe Commandery, 
Knights Templar, No. 11. He is also a past 
master, past high priest, past commander and 
commander of Lu Lu Temple, Philadelphia; 
of Crescent Temple, Trenton; of Scottish Rite 
bodies. Trenton, and a thirty-second degree 
Mason. He is also a member of the Iridepend- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows, No. 16; of the 
Knights of Pythias, No. 33 ; of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, No. 9, and of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, No. 
105, of Bordentown. April 12, 1893, Charles 
Engle I'urr married Helen A., daughter of 
Captain Robert and Jane I Allen) Bloombury. 
of Bordentown, and they have one child, Sarah 
Jane, born May 24, 1895, who has been edu- 
cated at private schools and at the Model 
school in Trenton. 

(For early generations see preceding sketch). 

(IV) Henry (3), only son and 

»BURR youngest child of Henry (2) and 
Elizabeth (Foster) Burr, was born 

'" the loth day of ist month, 1763, in Mount 
Holly, New Jersey, in which town he died, in 
1732, his will being proved January 30, that 
year. He was a farmer, and lived on the old 
family homestead in Mount Holly, his lands 
including four hundred acres. He was an in- 
dustrious and prosperous husbandman, and as 
a man enjoyed the respect of all persons to 
whom he was known. He married Phebe, 
daughter of Edmund and Miriam Williams, of 
Shrewsbury, New Jersey; children: i. Ed- 

i mund W., born 2d mo., i, 1792. 2. Elizabeth, 
5th mo., 18, 1793; married Joshua Satter- 
thwaite, of Crosswicks, New Jersey. 3. Mir- 
iam, nth mo., 21, 1794; married Elwood E. 
Smith. 4. Henry, loth mo., 15, 1796. 5. 
George W., 9th mo., 15, 1798. 6. William W., 

I 2d mo., 3, 1800. 7. Tyle W., 3d mo., 15, 1802. 

I 8. Charles, 7th mo., 21, 1804 (see post). 9. 
Hudson S., 7th mo., 2, 1806. 

( \' ) Charles, son and eighth child of Henry 
(3) and Phebe (Williams) Burr, was born in 

i Mount Holly, New Jersey, the 21st day of 7th 

month, 1804, and died there October 29, 1852. 
He was a man of good education, and devoted 
much of his life to teaching school, at which 
he was very successful, and enjoyed consider- 
able celebrity as a teacher. At one time and 
for several years he carried on a general mer- 
chandise store in Medford, New Jersey, and 
in all respects his business life was a success. 
In politics he was a Whig, but it does not ap- 
pear that he took an active part in public 
aiTairs. He married (first) Lucy Ann Troth, 
born April 2, 1807, died February 20, 1829, 
and by whom he had one child. He married 
(second) February 8, 1830, Mary E. Engle, 
born March 20, 1805, daughter of Obadiah and 
Lucy Engle, of Easton, New Jersey. He had 
eight children, one by his first and seven by 
his second wife : i. Alfred H., born March 20, 
1827. 2. Lucy Ann, January 10, 1831 ; married 
Anthony Cuthbert. 3. Mamre George, Decem- 
ber 19, 1832. 4. Samuel E., March 20, 1836. 
5. .Aaron E., January 28, 1841 (see post). 6. 
\\'illiam W'., November 24, 1838. 7. Charles 
()., October 24, 1843. 8. Augustus Walter, 
June 5, 1847. 

(\H) Aaron Engle, son of Charles and 
Mary E. (Engle) Burr, was born in Mount 
Holly, New Jersey. January 28, 1841. He 
attended school until he was fifteen years old, 
and began his business career as a merchant 
in Burlington, in partnership with a Mr. 
Heaton, under the firm name of Burr & Heaton. 
He was in business from 1862 throughout the 
war period and afterward until 1869, when he 
sold out his intrest and went into a proprietary 
medicine business at Aloorestown, New Jersey. 
He was thus engaged until 1882, and after- 
ward for several years was a state and county 
detective in the service of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company. He then determined to 
enter the profession of law, and to that end 
registered as a student and began a course of 
law studies under the direction of Hon. Sam- 
uel K. Robbins, of Moorestown. In 1895 he 
was admitted to practice, being then fifty-five 
years old ; and it is said that Mr. Burr is per- 
haps the oldest man ever admitted to the bar 
in Burlington county, if not in the state of 
New Jersey. The first case in which he ap- 
peared as attorney was for a client who then 
was one hundred one years old. However, 
Mr. Burr is a capable and successful lawyer, 
and while his practice is general, his attention 
is devoted largely to mercantile collections. He 
is a Republican in politics, and as the candidate 
of his party has frec|uently been elected to 
service in public offices, such as constable, 



tiiwiiship clerk, overseer of the poor, and is 
serving his second term as justice of the peace. 
He is a member of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, the Patriotic Order of Sons of 
America, the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, the hnproved Order of Red Men, the 
Knights of the Golden Eagle and in religious 
])reference inclines strongly to the teachings 
of the Society of Friends. 

On December 31, 1862, .Mr. llurr married 
Sarah S.. daughter of David and Mary (Eng- 
lish) Heaton. of Burlington, and by whom he 
has had seven children: i. William H., born 
June 22, 1864; died 11, 1865. 2. 
Charles E., born January 8, 1867; died July 3, 
1867. 3. Mary A., born July 2, 1868; married 
Frank Flagg, of Hasbrouck Heights, Bergen 
county. New Jersey, and has two children, 
Esther and Donald Flagg. 4. Rebecca A., born 
.August 13, 1870; married Howard G. Taylor, 
of Moorestown^ a commercial traveller. 5. 
Aaron R., born January 14, 1876; died July 
29, 1876. 6. David H., born May 6, 1877; 
married Ada Brock. 7. James B. E., born 
September 6, 1884; an electrician living at 
Port Carbon, Pennsylvania; married Ella 
Turner, and has one child, Theodosia Burr. 

(For preceding generations see preceding sketciies). 

(VI) Alfred Henry, only child of 
BIRR Charles and Lucy Ann (Troth) 

Burr, was born in Medford, Bur- 
lington county, New Jersey, March 20, 1827, 
and is now living in Moorestown, in the same 
county. For his education he was sent to the 
select schools of Medford and to boarding 
school, after which he went as clerk into the 
wholesale dry goods store of William C. Mor- 
gan & Company, of Philadelphia, with whom 
he remained for six years, in 1849 h*^ went 
into business for himself in Moorestown, where 
he kept a general store, selling dry goods, 
groceries, hardware, etc. In this business he 
remained until 1897 when he retired from 
active business. .Mr. liurr has large real estate 
interests both in I'.urlington county and also 
in Florida, where for a good many years he 
has spent every winter. Among his interests 
in the south was a plantation in Florida of 
about eight thousand acres of which he was the 
]jrincipal owner. In Burlington county he 
owns a number of farms, both small and large, 
and several town properties including the large 
business block in which he carried on his own 
business for nearly half a century. He is the 
treasurer of the Oil and Mining Company, and 
is the director and the treasurer of several 

building and loan associations in connection 
with which he handles over $500,000.00 every 
year. He is also a director in the bank of 
Moorestown of which he was one of the 
original promoters and organizers. He is a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, of Philadelphia, in politics he is a 
Republican, and in religion is a member of the 
Society of Friends, December 26, 1850, .\lfred 
Henry Burr married Elizabeth, born Decem- 
lier 25, 1826, daughter of John and Julia Hart- 
man, of Philaflelphia, who died August 14, 
1904. Their children were: i. Lord Hartman, 
referred to below. 2. .\lfred Troth, born in 
Moorestown, April 16, 1855; died December 
20, 1896; he was in the general merchandise 
business with his father: married Florence V. 
Ford and left one child, Ethel Marie, a grad- 
uate of \'assar College, having won two 

(\ II) Lord Hartman, elder son of Alfred 
Henry and Elizabeth (Hartman) Burr, was 
born in Moorestown, July 25, 1852, anil is 
now living in that place. After attending the 
Moorestown public schools, he went into his 
father's store, and when the trust company was 
organized in Moorestown about twenty years 
ago, accepted a position in that institution and 
is now its secretary. He is also interested in 
the Building and Loan .Association, of Moores- 
town, of which he is the treasurer. In politics 
Mr. Burr is a Republican and in religion is a 
communicant of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. Lord Hartman Burr married (first) 
Mary Hartman, who bore him one child, Lord 
Hartman, Jr., who won the University of 
Pennsylvania's scholarship to the W^est Indies, 

Mr. Burr married (second) , and by 

this marriage he has had three children : Alfred, 
Elizabeth "and Jeannette, twins. 

"I Joseph l^ancoast, son of 
PANCO.\ST John and Elizabeth Pancoast 

of -Ashen, fieve miles from 
Northampton Town, in Northamijton Shire, 
England, born 1672 the 27th of eighth month 
called October; and in the year 1680, October 
4th came into .America in the ship 'Paradise,' 
W'illiani Evelyn, master; and I settled in West 
New Jersey, Burlington County, and on the 
14th of the eighth month, October 1696, I took 
to wife Thomasin .Scattergood, daughter of 
Thomas and Elizabeth Scattergood, of Step- 
ney Parish, London, who also transported 
themselves into Burlington County in Amer- 
ica." The above quotation is from an old 
document in the possession of Henry Pancoast 




of Mesopotamia, Ohio, and tells us the origin 
of the Pancoast family in this country. 

(I) John Pancoast, the founder of the 
family, came, as the document says, to West 
Jersey in 1680, bringing with him his family 
of children. It is uncertain whether his wife 
accompanied him or whether she died very 
shortly after her arrival in America. At any 
rate John Pancoast was married a second time 
within two years of his coming, and shortly 
before his death he took to himself a third 
wife. His children are believed to have been all 
of them the issue of his first marriage. He set- 
tled at the mouth of the east branch of the 
Assiscunck creek, was one of the signers of 
the noted "Concessions and Agreements," and 
owned [jroprietary rights in the province. In 
1681 he was appointed regulator of weights 
and measures for P)Urlington county, in 1683 
he was chosen constable, and in 1685 he was 
elected a member of the assembly of West 
Jersey. His will is dated November 30, and 
was proved December 22, 16(34. The name of 
his first wife was Elizabeth: his second, whom 
he married in the Burlington monthly meeting 
in 1682, was Ann Snowden, and the name of 
his third wife was Jane. His children were : 
I. Mary, married Seth Smith. 2. Ann. 3. 
William, referred to below. 4. Joseph, re- 
ferred to above in the extract, who married 
Thomasin Scattergood. 5. Elizabeth, married 
Joseph Bacon. 6. Sarah, married Edward 
Boulton. 7. Hannah. 8. Susanna, married 
Ralph Cowgill. 

(II) William, son of John and Elizabeth 
Pancoast, was born in England, and accom- 
panied his father to this country. He was 
probably the eldest of all of his children and 
was the sole executor of his father's will. He 
settled near his father in Mansfield township, 
Burlington county, and seems to have lived 
there all his life, although in 1700 he had sur- 
veyed for him two hundred and seventy acres 
on Rock creek, near Little Egg Harbor. Sep- 
tember I, 1695, he married in the Burlington 
monthly meeting, Hannah, daughter of Thomas 
and Elizabeth Scattergood, the sister of his 
brother Joseph's wife, and there are records 
of four of his children. He undoubtedly had 
other children and the tradition which makes 
Edward who is referred to below and William 
who married Meribah Allen his sons, is most 
probably correct. The four children whose 
marriages are recorded in the Chesterfield and 
Burlington monthly meetings are: I. John, 
married Mary Crusher. 2. Joseph, married 
Mary Ogborne. 3. Elizabeth, married Marma- 

duke Watson. 4. Hannah, married Matthew 

( III ) Edward, son of William and Hannah 
(Scattergood) Pancoast, was born in ^lans- 
field township, and spent the early part of his 
manhood in Bordentown, where in 1756 he 
advertises for the apprehension of a runaway 
servant, Patrick Weldon. Some time after his 
marriage he removed from Bordentown to 
Salem county, where his descendants became 
numerous and influential. August 15, 1761, he 
took out a license to marry Hannah King and 
there is record of at least two children to this 
marriage: I. Samuel, married Dorcas Stratch, 
anfl became one of the most influential mem- 
bers of the Salem monthly meeting. 2. Will- 
iam, referred to below. 

(I\') William (2), son of Edward and 
Hannah (_King) Pancoast, married, in 1784, 
the license being dated February 19, Sarah 
Lishman, and had at least two sons: i. Sam- 
uel. 2. Henry, referretl to below. 

(\') Henry, son of William {2) and Sarah 
(Lishman) Pancoast, was born in Salem 
county, New Jersey, February 2, 1792, died 
there September 9, 1835. He married Han- 
nah Ivins Hackney, born in 1796, died April 
18, 1882. Their children were: i. Mary, born 
October 10, 1818. 2. Caroline, January 27, 
1821. 3. Rebecca Hackney, March 16, 1822. 
4. William Hackney, September 10, 1824. 5. 
Henry Jr., June 8, 1828. 6. Barzillai B., May 
23, 183 1. 7. Edward Hackney, referred to 

(\T) Edward Hackney, youngest child of 
Henry and Hannah Ivins (^ Hackney) Pan- 
coast, was born near Woodstown, Salem 
county. May 12, 1835 and is now living at 
Riverton, New Jersey. His father died when 
he was about four months old, and after re- 
ceiving a common school education he was put 
out as apprentice when eight years old, and 
when twenty-two years old he had a small 
farm on which he carried on truck farming. 
Previous to this as a young man he taught 
school for a time, and later he had a flour and 
feed business in Bridgeboro. In 1862 he en- 
listed in Company G, Twelfth Regiment of 
New Jersey \'olunteers, and was mustered 
into service in August, 1862. The company 
was then sent to Baltimore and was on police 
duty for a time. He was in the battles of 
Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, and was 
taken prisoner in the second day's fight of the 
latter battle. He was taken to Belle Island, 
Richmond, where he was kept for three 
months, and then sent to Annapolis, Maryland, 



and later, after his exchange, went to the hos- 
pital at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was 
discharged from service in May, 1865. Re- 
turning to New Jersey he located at Riverton, 
where he took up carpentering and contracting, 
and built many of the houses of Palmyra and 
Riverton. This line of business he followed 
for some twenty years, and then went into 
the real estate and insurance business, in which 
he is active at the present time. Mr. Pan- 
coast is a Republican and has served as coun- 
cilman for several years. He has also served 
on the board of assessors, and on the board 
of educatii)n for many years, and he has been 
one of the chosen freeholders. He is a mem- 
ber of Covenant Lodge, No. 161, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Palmyra, of which he 
was first master; Boudinot Chapter, No. 3, 
Royal Arch Masons, of Burlington, of which 
he is past high priest ; Helena Commandery, 
No. 3, Knights Templar, of Burlington, of 
which he is past eminent commander. He is 
also a Scottish Rite Mason of Camden, New- 
Jersey, and a thirty-second degree Mason. He 
is a member of Washington Camp, No. 2^,, Pa- 
triotic Order Sons of America, of I^almyra : 
Cinnaminson Lodge, No. 201, Inde])endent 
Order of Odd Fellows, of Palmyra ; Knights 
of the Golden Eagle, No. 22, of Palmyra ; a 
life member of the Fire Association of River- 
ton ; a member of William P. Hatch Post, No. 
37, Grand Army of the Republic, of Camden, 
and a member, trustee and district steward of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Edward Hackney Pancoast married Re- 
becca A., born in Bridgeboro, daughter of 
Ahab and Sarah (Sharp) Bishop. Their chil- 
dren are: i. Laura, born June 4, 1857, died 
March 29, 1877. 2. Martha Austin, born Sep- 
tember 10, 1858, widow of Hugh Glendening 
White, whose children are : Edward, who is mar- 
ried and is surgeon in the United States navy, 
William and Laura P. White. 3. Stacy Strat- 
toti, referred to below. 4. .A.nnie Brown, born 
•March 4, i86i, died September 13, 1898; mar- 
ried Alfred J. Briggs, and had one child, 
Alfred Stacy Briggs, who married and had a 
son Alfred Briggs. 5. Edward, born June g. 
1862, died .August 15, 1863. 

(VH) Stacy Stratton, third child and only 
son of I'.dward Hackney and Rebecca A. 
(Bishop) Pancoast, was born in Chester t(nvn- 
shi]). Burlington county, March 5, i860, and 
is now living at Delanco, New Jersey. He 
was educated in the school.s of Riverton, in the 
Farnham ]ireparatory school at Beverly, New 
Jer.scy, and at the Crittenden Commercial Col- 

lege in Philadelphia, graduating from the last 
named institution in 1878. He then worked in 
Philadelphia as a clerk and bookkeeper for 
several years, after which he went into the 
office of W'. Frederick Snyder for three years, 
and in 1885 opened an office for himself in 
Philadelphia, where he conducted a real estate 
any conveyancing business, in which he con- 
tinued until 1888, when he went to Alabama 
on account of his health. From there in 1892 
he went to W^est Virginia, where he built a 
mill and carried on the lumber business for 
three years, when, his mill having been de- 
stroyed by fire, he returned north and settled 
at Delanco, New Jersey, in 1895, taking a po- 
sition as assistant manager to The G. O. Ham- 
mell Company in the lumber business. In 
1898 he was made manager and treasurer of 
the company, and this position he now holds. 
Mr. Pancoast is a Re])ublican, and a member 
of the Masonic order, of Merchantville Lodge, 
No. 33, of the Boudinot Royal Arch Chapter, No. 
3, of Burlington, of the Helena Commandery, 
Knights Templar, No. 3, of Burlington, and 
he is also a past master of the lodge and past 
eminent commander of the Knights Templar. 
He is also a member of the L O. R. AL, the 
Tacoma Tribe of Delanco ; Washington Camp, 
No. ;^^, Patriotic Order Sons of .AmeVica, of 
Delanco, New Jersey. 

In November, 1884, Stacy S. Pancoast mar- 
ried Mabel D., daughter of Henry D. and Ala- 
tilda AL Games, of Camden, New Jersey. 
Child, Harry G., born August 10, 1885. died 
October is. 1885. 

(For ancestry see preceding sketch). 

Caleb C. Pancoast is a great- 
P.\N COAST grandson of John Pancoast, 
the emigrant. As to which 
of John's two sons he is the grandson there 
is some doubt, but the evidence seems to point 
to his being the grandson of William and Han- 
nah (Scattergood) Pancoast, through a son 
Calcl), whom tradition assigns to these parents. 
(1\') Caleb C. Pancoast was born in Mul- 
lica II ill, Gloucester county. New Jersey, was 
a farmer and lived and died where he was 
born. By his wife Deborah he had at least 
three children: i. Rhoda, married a Mr. Rob- 
erts. 2. Hannah, married Captain Thomas 
Dixie. 3. Nathan Dunn, referred to below. 

(\') Nathan Dunn, son of Caleb C. and 
Deborah Pancoast, was born in Mullica Hill, 
(rloucester county, December 10, 1804, died in 
i8f)8. After being educated in the town 
schools he taught school for two winters at 



Mullica Hill and for some time followed farm- 
ing. In 1838 lie removed to Alapleshade, 
liiirlington county, where he remained until 
1850, when he removed to Moorestown, where 
he lived until the time of his death. He had 
large farming interests, was a very successful 
farmer, and owned and operated several 
farms. In 1861 he built the large frame house 
on the main road about a mile out of Moores- 
town. He was a Republican, and active in 
politics, but he was not an office seeker. He 
was a member of the Hicksite branch of the 
Society of Friends. He married Sarah Ann 
Moft'att, born at Carpenter's Landing, Glou- 
cester county, in 181 1 or 181 2, and died in 
1889. Their children were : i. Josiah Dunn, re- 
ferred to below. 2. Thomas MofTat, referred 
to below. 3. Caleb C, who was a member 
of the Assembly from Woodbury, New Jersey. 
4. (ieorge W., a farmer, who removed to 
Williams county, Ohio. 5. Nathan Dunn Jr., 
who lives at Moorestown. 6. Amanda, who 
is living at Moorestown. 7. Sarah. 8. Deb- 
orah, who married Aaron E. IJorton, of 

(\ I) Josiah Dunn, eldest child of Nathan 
Dunn and Sarah Ann (Mof?att) Pancoast, was 
born at Mullica Hill, Gloucester county, in 
1833, died in 1903. He was educated in the 
common schools, and about 1856 was engaged 
in farming on the Maple Shade farm, three 
and a half miles from Moorestown, where he 
remained seven years. He then moved to 
Magnolia \'ale, where he spent the remainder 
of his life. He was a Republican, and was at 
one time supervisor of roafls. and for eleven 
years was on the board of freeholders. Was 
a member of the Grange and a Hicksite 
Quaker. He died July i. 1903. He married. 
March 19. 1857, at the Chesterfield Monthly 
Meeting, Sarah Middleton, daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Sarah (West) Thorn. Mrs. Pan- 
coast is now living near Moorestown. Their 
children were: i. Henry Norwood, referred to 
below. 2. George W., born August 15, 1862. 
married Mary Trimble, of Philadelphia, but 
has no children. 3. Thomas J., born July 13, 
1865, a dealer in lumber, coal and hardware 
in Merchantsville, married Catharine Collins 
and has four children: J, Arthur, Norwood H., 
Russell Thorn and Norman Lester ; died in 
infancy. 4. Laura G., born February 12, 
1868, married ^^'alter Holmes, a farmer near 
Moorestown. and has two children: Samuel 
G. and William Bartram. 5. Anna T.. born 
.\pril 3, 1870, married Clayton Lippincott An- 
drews, of Aloorestown, and has three children : 

Thomas Clayton, Norwood Henry and Ed- 
ward Benajah. 

(VH) Henry Norwood, eldest child of 
Josiah Dunn and Sarah Middleton (Thorn) 
Pancoast, was born in Alapleshade, Burlington 
county, January 30, 1859, and is now living in 
Riverton, New Jersey. He was educated in 
the public schools of Moorestown and in pri- 
vate schools near there, and for two years 
as a young man he worked on his father's 
farm. He then went to Galesburg, Illinois, in 
1884. as a clerk in a grocery store, and after 
spending two more years there he went west 
in 1886 to Colorado w'here he found employ- 
ment on a cattle ranch on the Platte river as 
foreman of the ranch. Here he remained for 
four years, returning east in 1890 and taking 
to farming on his grandfather's farm near 
Aloorestown. which he carried on for three 
years and then for four years took charge of 
his father's farm. In 1897 l""^ came to River- 
ton, and engaged in a flour, grain and coal 
business, established by Haines Brothers, his 
principal occupation being the manufacture of 
flour, as a member of the firm of Haines 
Brothers, who had been established there since 
1892. L'ntil December, 1904, the firm con- 
tinued doing business under the old name, and 
then reincorporated itself under the title of 
H. N. Pancoast & Company, under which name 
it has been doing business ever since. Mr. 
Pancoast is a Republican, and has been a mem- 
ber of the election board at Moorestown and 
is at present a member of the borough council 
of Riverton. He is a member of the Grange 
and of the Society of Friends. In 1891 Henry 
Norwood Pancoast married Elizabeth L., born 
at Haines Mills, Burlington Pike, near Bridge- 
borough, daughter of John W. and Hannah 
M. (Lewis) Haines, born July 31, 1859, died 
in August, 1907. Besides four boys who died 
in infancy they had one child: Mary Haines, 
born near Moorestown, September 13. 1892. 
who is now attending George's school, near 
Newtown, Pennsylvania. 

(VL) Thomas Mofifatt, second child and son 
of Nathan Dunn and Sarah Ann (Alofiatt) 
Pancoast, was born at Alullica Hill, Gloucester 
county, September 5, 1834, and is now living 
at Aloorestown, Burlington county. New Jer- 
sey. He was educated in the town schools of 
Alullica Hill and in Samuel Aaronson's school 
at Norristown, Pennsylvania, after which he 
went to farming with his father. He did a 
large truck farming business, driving to mar- 
ket with produce and drawing back from the 
city fertilizers. He kept u]) this work at 



Moorestown for his father until his marriage 
antl then he went to work farming for himself. 
He was appointed postmaster of Moorestown 
under President Arthur, and served also under 
his successor. President Cleveland, for four 
years, and then remained in the office as as- 
sistant postmaster uiKk-r his successor for 
three years longer. In n^oj he retired from 
active life and moved into the village of 
iMoorestown. where he now lives. Mr. Pan- 
coast is a Republican and a member of the 
Society of Friends. 

in i860 Thomas Aloffatt Pancoast married 
( first ) Sarah W., daughter of West Jessup, of 
Mantua, Gloucester county, who died in 1873. 
In i88f) he married (second) Harriet S., 
daughter of (ieorge S. Hulme, of Mt. Holly. 
In igoj he married (third) Mary Griscom 
Lippincott, widow of Albert Lippincott, and 
daughter of David Griscom, who was president 
of the Moorestown Bank at the time of his 
death. Thomas Moffat Pancoast has no chil- 

Of the founder of the 
TOMLIXSOX Tomlinson family of West 
Jersey it has been said, 
"There are doubtless very many interesting 
incidents, which, by patient research among 
the musty records still extant could be brought 
to light, and would show much of the history 
of his tinie^ in connection with the progress 
of the people in their social, judicial and po- 
litical condition. That he was a progressive man 
is shown by his selecting his home so far away 
from the settlements, in the depths of the 
wilderness, surrounded only by the aborig- 
ines, wdiere nothing but industry and persever- 
ance could procure him a farm. In connection 
with these difficulties he became proficient in 
legal knowledge. He, therefore, attracted tin" 
attention of the community, and was called 
to fill the responsible positions before named. 
These things stam]) him as a man whose ca- 
reer through life is worth}- of being traced and 

( 1 ) Joseph Tfjmlinson, the person above re- 
ferred to. coming to West Jersey from the city 
of London, was a member of the Horsley- 
down Meeting of [•'riends, on the Surrey side 
of the river Thames, which even at that day 
had become a part of the great metropolis, by 
means of the several bridges already erected. 
He appears to have been under the patronage 
of Anthony, an uncle of the celebrated West 
Tcrsey Surveyor, Thomas Sharp, but whether 
or no he belonged to the same family as the 

Lancashire and Derbyshire families of the 
same name who suffered for their religious 
beliefs from 1654 to 1690 is still uncertain. He 
arrived previous to 1686, and became an ap- 
prentice of Thomas Sharp, who had settled 
on Xewton creek five years before. He had 
received a better education than many of his 
day, and he was still further fitted for the part 
he was to play by the excellent tutelage under 
which he found himself. In 1686 he agreed 
with his master to build him a house for a 
sjiecified sum and to furnish all the materials 
e.vcept the nails. He was also pronably one 
of those who built the Friends Aleeting house 
in Xewton, the first building of its kind in 
Cdoucester county and the second in West Jer- 
sey. For some reason the articles of appren- 
ticeship were set aside and Thomas Sharp 
agreed to pay Joseph £5 a year for his services 
and four at the end of his term. In 1690 Jo- 
seph Tomlinson located one hundred and sev- 
enteen acres on the east side of Gravelly run 
in Gloucester township, adjoining a tract he 
had previously purchased of Joseph Wood on 
which he settled and first lived after leaving 
the house of Friend Sharp. He soon in- 
creased his possessions until they extended 
from Gravelly run on the north to Holly run 
or Sharp's branch on the south. All of this 
he retained and willed after his death to his 
sons. His abode was surrounded by miles 
of unbroken forest and without neighbors 
within half a day's travel. He had to go ten 
miles to attend the Newton Meeting and if he 
took his farm produce to Philadelphia the 
distance was still increased. His "leisure hours 
in this secluded s]xit he gave up to the reading 
and studying of law, and in 1695 he was made 
sherift", and the year following became the 
King's attorney or as we should call him to- 
da> the ])rovincial prosecutor. He has the 
honor of being the first attorney of record ir 
Gloucester county. In 1700 he was reaji- 
pointed to the same jiosition, and apparently 
he held it continuously until 1710. August 20, 
1719, he wrote his will which was proven Sep- 
tember 18 following, and in it he names his 
wife Elizabeth and ten children, there were 
probably others who died in infancy and child- 
hood. The (laughters following the fortunes 
of their husbands have to a great extent been 
lost sight of, but the family of to-day has not 
lost its identity with the first settler and much 
of the landed estate owned by him still remains 
in the name. His children named in his will 
are: i. E])hraim, married (first) 1727, Sarah 
Gmhit, and (second) Gatliariiu- Kidgway. 2. 



Joseph, married (first) 1734, Lydia Wade, and 
(second) 1738, Catharine Fairlamb, of Ches- 
ter, Pennsylvania. 3. ]\Iargaret, married, I73ti, 
Edward Borton. 4. Elizabeth, married, 1736, 
Bartholomew Wyatt. 5. Mary, married, 1730, 
Samuel Sharp. 6. John, who is referred to 
below. 7. Ebenezer. 8. Othniel, married, 
1744, Mary Marsh. 9. Richard. 10. William, 
married, 1731, Rebecca Wills. 

(II) John, son of Joseph and Elizabeth 
Tomlinson, was born in Gloucester township, 
(jloucester county, West Jersey, September 28, 
i6gg: died there in 1755. In accordance with 
his father's will settled on three hundred acres 
higiier up on Gravelly run where he spent his 
life. In his will, written January 2, 1755, and 
proven March 21 following he leaves this 
plantation to his wife for life or widowhood 
anil then it reverts to his son, Isaac, who also 
is given twenty-five acres of "Syder Swamp" 
on Great Egg Harbour river and fifteen acres 
of swamp on Hospitality branch of the same 
stream. His personal estate he divided equally 
between his wife and his two daughters. His 
executors were his wife his brother, Joseph, 
and his son, Isaac. He married, in 1736, Mary 
Fairlamb, of Chester county, Pennsylvania, 
who bore him three children: i. Isaac, who 
is referred to below. 2. Hannah. 3. Eleanor, 
married Josiah Albertson, and had a son, John, 
who in 1784 was put under the guardianship 
of his Uncle Isaac. 

(HI) Isaac, eldest child and only son of 
John and Mary (Fairlamb) Tomlinson, was 
born in Gloucester township, Gloucester county, 
.\ugust 10, 1737; died there in 1817. In 1783 
he was one of the executors of the estate of 
James Taggard, and the following year was 
appointed guardian to his nephew, John .Al- 
bertson. His will written January 15, 1812. 
and proved March 10, 1817, leaves the planta- 
tion to his wife during life or widowhood and 
then reverts it to his son, Joshua, his other chil- 
dren are left money legacies and his personal 
estate is divided equally between his widow and 
his daughter, Elizabeth, also a widow. In 1766 
Isaac Tomlinson married Elizabeth Sheverand 
their children were: i. Joshua. 2. Elizabeth, 
married William Clark. 3. .\nne, married 
Jeremiah Haines. 4. Isaac, Jr. 5. Julin. who 
is referred to below. 

( IV) John (2), youngest child of Isaac and 
Elizabeth (Shever) Tomlinson, was born in 
Gloucester township, Gloucester county, April 
15, 1781 ; died in Northampton township, Bur- 
lington comity. February 25, 1857. John Tom- 
linscjn and his wife. Elizabeth had six children : 

1. Isaac horn July 4, 1812: mentioned below. 

2. John H., February 3, 1815; died May 7, 
1859. 3. Joshua, September 23, 1818; men- 
tioned below. 4. Thomas Chalkley, August 
25, 1820: died September 2, 1845. 5. Evans 
R., April 5, 1824; now (.1909) living in Mt. 
Holly. 6. Benjamin, November 20. 183 1 ; died 
September 5, 1835. 

(\') Isaac (2), eldest son of John (2) and 
Elizabeth Tomlinson, was born in Northamp- 
ton township, Burlington county. New Jerse}', 
July 4, 1812 : died in Cdoucester township, Cam- 
den county, on the original grant of his ances- 
tors, July 14, 1849. He was a farmer and 
spent his early life on the farm near Rancocus. 
He married Rebecca C. Lippincott, and had 
four children: i. Samuel L., who is referred 
to below. 2. Elizabeth, born April 22, 1840; 
married George H. Pancoast. 3. William H., 
died in infancy. 4. Thomas Chalkley, died in 

( \ I ) Samuel Lippincott. the only son to 
reach maturity of Isaac (2) and Rebecca C. 
( Lippincott ) Tomlinson, was born on the old 
plantation in Camden county. New Jersey, 
September 18, 1837, on a farm near Black- 
wood that had been in the Tomlinson family 
for five generations or since the year 1787. 
He was brought to Mt. Holly in 1849. For 
his early education he was sent to the select 
schools of Mt. Holly and afterwards finished 
his education at the private school of William 
Collom at Mt. Holly. He then went as clerk 
into his uncle's store at Columbus, New Jersey, 
where he remained from November 3, 1852, 
until 1861, when he went to Meadville, Penn- 
sylvania, in order to accept the position of 
superintendent and treasurer of the Meadville 
Gas Company, and became interested in the oil 
business. He returned to Mt. Holly in March. 
1866. where he went into partnership with his 
uncle in keeping a general store, which they 
conducted for four years. March 4, 1871, when 
the Union National Bank was organized, he 
accepted the post of teller to which he had 
been elected and which he held January 9, 1883, 
when he was promoted to the office of cashier, 
in which capacity he is still serving. For fif- 
teen vears ^Ir. Tomlinson has been treasurer 
of the .Mt. Holly Shoe Com])any. and for ten 
years he was the treasurer of the Rendell Shoe 
Company. Since 1902 he has also been the 
treasurer of the Mt. Holly Safe Deposit & 
Trust Company. Mr. Tomlinson has been a 
member of the Order of Free and .\ccepted 
Masons since 1863, first of Solomon Chapter, 
No. 191, Royal .-Xrch Masons, of Meadville 



Pennsylvania, and then of Boudinot Chapter 
in Burhngton. New Jersey. In 1866 he be- 
came a member of Helena Commandery, No. 

3, Knights Templar, at Burlington, and in 1867 
a member of ]\lt. Holly Lodge, No. 19, Inde- 
Ijendent Order of Odd Fellows, of Alt. Holly. 
I-\l)ruary 2, 1882, he joined the Order of 
L'nited Workmen and has been the receiver 
of the lodge ever since, being one of the char- 
ter members and a representative of the Grand 
Lodge twenty diiiferent times. He is also a 
charter member of Mt. Holly Lodge, No. 848, 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He 
was a member of Spring Garden Lodge, No. 

4, Knights of Burmingham, until the lodge 
went out of existence. He married, Septem- 
ber 20. 1865, Emma, daughter of Frederick 
and Emily Kirby. of Meadville. Pennsylvania. 

( V ) Joshua, third son of John ( 2 ) and 
Elizabeth Tomlinson, was born in Northamp- 
ton townshi]), Burlington county, New Jersey, 
September 23, 1818; died April 23, 1875. He 
was educated in the schools of Rancocus. When 
a young man he went to New York City and 
learned the trade of mason in all its branches, 
brick and stone, with l-'ranklin Haines. He 
later formed a partnership with Chalkley Wills 
and engaged in general contracting and build- 
ing. He later formed a partnership with 
George IJ. Hilliard: they conducted an exten- 
sive business and were among the leading con- 
tractors in the city, building the first hotel on 
Coney Island. Mr. Tomlinson met with an 
accident which disabled him from active busi- 
ness and he removed to Princeton, New Jersey, 
where he resided two years, thence to Alt. 
Holly, where he resided during the remainder 
of his life. He married Sarah E. Hutchins, 
daughter of William and Henry Hutchins. 
Children: I. .Anna, died in infancy. 2. Evans 
II.. born in New York, August 3, 1854; re- 
ceived his education in the select schools of 
Princeton and Mt. Holly, entered Swarthmore 
College, and later engaged as clerk for the 
firm of Russell & Erwins in Philadelijhia in 
the hardware manufacturing, remaining for 
three and a half years: the following eighteen 
years he engaged in farming. On March 3. 
1002, lie entered the L'nion National Bank at 
Mt. Holly as clerk and is now (1909) serving 
in the ca]iacity of receiving teller : he married, 
June 24, 18S4, May 11. Garrison, of .Mt. Holly, 
daughter of Hedge and .\deline (Haines) 
(larrison : childreti : i. Marion G., born -Au- 
gust 31. 1885, married Chester .Appleton. of 
Alt. I lolly, and has one child. Elizabeth; ii. 
I'dna. born December i, 1889, a graduate of 

the Trenton Normal School; iii. Dorothea, 
born July 19, 1902. 3. William B., mentioned 

(\ I) William Ij., youngest son and child 
of Joshua and Sarah E. (Hutchins) Tomlin- 
son, was born in New Aork City, December 8, 
1858. He was educated in the select schools 
of Alt. Holly, Princeton and at Swarthmore 
College. After completing his studies he was 
for a time clerk in the firm of Russell & 
Erwins, of Philadelphia, later engaged in farm- 
ing in Camden county, and at the present time 
(1909) is one of the leading and prosperous 
farmers of Burlington county. He married 
Ida Cook, born December 19, i860, of Jack- 
sonville, daughter of John and Hannah (Scott) 
Cook. Children: i. William I., born Alay 20. 
1880, a physician, of Philadelphia; married 
Grace Alaxwell.. and has one child, \\ illiam B. 
2. Jay ]!., born January 6. 1893; an attendant 
of Alt. Holly high school. 

The name Bard, Barde and Baird 
B.AIRD appears in records in various parts 

of Europe as early as the tenth 
and extending to the fourteenth century. They 
appear to have migrated from Lorraine to 
d'Aosta in Piedmont, and from there to Nor- 
mandy, finally settling in Scotland. In his 
"Irish Genealogy" AlacForbes treats it as a 
joke that the Bairds claim an Anglo-Saxon 
origin, his contention being that their origin 
is Celtic. In "Irish Pedigrees" of which work 
Dr. O'Hart is the author, he says: Owen Alac 
an I'haird, of Monycassen, was descended 
irom Eocha, son of Sodhan. Alac an Bhaird 
was anglicized Alacward and modernized 
Ward. The descendants of Owen Alac an 
Bhaird rendered the name O'Bairdam, and 
that in turn has been anglicized Baird, Bard, 
Barde, Harden, Bardin, P>arten, Bartin, Berdan, 
Purdon, A'erdon and Warden. In 1066 Seigneur 
de Barde was among the followers of William 
the Con(|ucror. In 1178 Henry de Barde was 
a witness to a charter of lands made by King 
William, the Lion, of Scotland. In 1 191 Cgone 
di I'ard. of the valley of d'Aosta, made alle- 
giance to Francis I., of Savoy. He owned a 
castle on Bard Rock, a natural defence, and 
after bravely defending the place was finally 
driven out. lie had two sons, Alarco and 
Aymone. in 1 194 Hugo de Baird was one of 
the subscribing witnesses to a safe conduct 
granted by King Richard I., of England, to 
King William, the Lion, and it is said that a 
gentleman by the name of Baird saved William 
the Lion from a wild beast, and he received 



for this deed large tracts of land and coat-of- 
arms, viz : A boar passant, with the motto 
"Dominus fecit." During the Scotch war for 
independence the Bards were able supporters 
of the cause with Bruce and Wallace. Robert 
Bard was captured by the English, held a pris- 
oner at Nottingham, and an order was issued 
January, 1317, for his removal to the castle of 
Summerton. His fate is unknown. A Will- 
iam Bard was routed and taken prisoner with 
Sir William Douglass in 1333, in a skirmish 
with Sir .\nthony Lacy on the English border. 
Jordan Baird was a constant companion with 
the brave William Wallace from 1297 to 1305. 
General Sir David Baird was a contemporary 
of Captain David Baird, and held command 
under Sir John Moore in the Peninsular cam- 
paign, and after the death and burial of Sir 
John succeeded to the command and reported 
the victory at Corrunna. He was the son of 
Sir William Baird, the son of Sir Robert, the 
son of James, the son of George, who was 
living in 1588. That John Baird (q. v.), of 
Topenemus neighborhood. New Jersey, was of 
this stock there seems little doubt. 

{ I ) John Baird came from Aberdeen, Scot- 
land, as a passenger of the good ship "Ex- 
change," Captain James Peacock, master, and 
landed at Staten Island in New York harbour, 
about December 19, 1683. The state archives 
at Trenton, New Jersey, in a list of persons 
who were deported from Scotland to Amer- 
ica, and duly registered December 5, 1684, the 
names of John King, four years' service ; John 
Nesmith, four years' service ; John Baird, four 
years' service, etc., etc., occur. There were 
forty-seven thus deported. After John Baird 
had fulfilled his term of service he acquired 
several tracts of lands at New Aberdeen, 
Topenemus, and on Millstone brook in Elast 
Jer.sey and other places. It is said that John 
Baircl dwelt in a cave with an Indian for a 
time before he built a house on the Topenemus 
tract. Traces of the cave are said to be visible 
on the banks of Topenemus brook, a little back 
and to the side of the present Baird homestead, 
built by James Baird, son of Zebulon, and 
grandson of John Baircl, the immigrant. He 
was a Quaker, and the Friends' church was 
built near his homestead, where George Keith 
and his followers worshipped, and where he 
preached. When Keith, who was originally a 
Presbyterian, changed to the Society of 
Friends, it is probable that John Baird changed 
with him as he did to the Episcopal faith when 
Keith took orders in that church and carried 
many members of the I'riends meeting with 

him. Tradition has the story of his courtship 
antl marriage as follows : "One day he met 
in the woods Alary Hall, whom he afterward 
married. As both were bashful, they halted 
at some distance from each other under a tree. 
It was love at first sight. John, who was a 
Quaker, broke the silence by saying 'If thou 
wilt marry me say 'yea,' if thou wilt not, say 
'nay.' Mary said 'yea' and proved a noble 
wife and mother." This tradition ef[uals that 
of the courtship of John Alden and Priscilla 
Mullins. The four children of John and Mary 
(Hall) Baird were born as follows, and it is 
quite probable there were others: i. John 
(2), 1707: probably married Avis, the story of 
his gaining her for a wife being as follows: 
He had heard of a shipwreck on the coast, 
and that on board the ship were several comely 
women. He hurried to the scene on horse- 
back, and there selected his wife in the woman 
of his choice. It is said he saw her, wooed 
her. won her, and was comforted. In his will 
dated February 5, 1747, probated July 5, 1749, 
he names his sons, .Andrew and Zebulon ; his 
wife, .\vis, and Peter Bowne, executors of the 
will, and directs that after his debts are paid 
the residue of his estate be given to his wife. 
Avis Baird, during her widowhood, and in 
case of her re-marriage, to be divided equally 
between his wife and children and family, 
without naming them. The children of John 
(2) and Avis Baird, including three sons, An- 
drew, Bedent and Zebulon, of whom Andrew 
and Zebulon, named for their two uncles, sons 
of their grandfather, John, the Scottish immi- 
grant, and with whom they are often confused 
by genealogists. After the probating of their 
father's will, July 5, 1749, at which time they 
must have been of legal age, as Andrew and 
Zebulon were with their mother executors of 
the will, they migrated to North Carolina, mak- 
ing the journey across the Blue Ridge in a 
wagon, and when they reached Buncomb 
county. North Carolina, they exhibited the 
wagon as a curiosity, the first vehicle of the 
kind seen in that mountain district. They ap- 
proached the house of Mr. George Swain, a 
native of Ro>bury, Massachusetts, where he 
was born in 1763, through the washed-out chan- 
nel of the creek, there being no roads, and the 
future governor of North Carolina, David 
Lowrie Swain, then a mere lad, when he saw 
the wondrous vehicle thus approaching his 
home he was standing in his father's orchard, 
planted with apple trees, raised from cuttings, 
brought from New England by his father, and 
waited the approach of the thundering chariot 



with wonder and awe as it rolled over the 
rocky bed of the creek. .A.t its nearer approach 
he took to his heels and hid behind his father's 
house, but was brought out by the command of 
his father to welcome and care for the visitors 
who were from New Jersey. They probably 
were at the time prospecting as they came to 
Burke county, North Carolina, as early as 
1760, where Andrew married Anna, daughter 
of Mathew Locke, whose relative, Colonel 
Francis Li:>cke. commanded three hundred 
militia men from LSurke, Lincoln and Rowan 
counties, North Carolina, and gained the vic- 
tory at Ramsoor's .Mills. May 29, 1780, of 
Lieutenant George Locke, killed in battle, Sep- 
tember 26, 1780. The descendants of Andrew 
and Anna (Locke) Baird are numerous 
throughout the south. Zebulon also married 
and among his descendants was Zebulon Baird 
\'ance (1830-1894), governor of North Caro- 
lina, and United States senator. John Baird 
(2), the father of these North Carolina 
pioneers, died in Topenemus, Millstone town- 
ship, Monmouth county. New Jersey, Febru- 
ary 6, 1747, and was buried in the Topenemus 
burial ground, where his father was buried. 
2. David ((|. v.). 3. Andrew, who deeded his 
property to his brother Zebulon, June 15, 1755. 
4. Zebulon, born 1720; died January 28, 1804, 
aged eighty-eight years, three months and fif- 
teen days, and his wife, Anna, died December 
28, 1794, aged sixty-three years, four months 
and eleven days, and both are buried in the 
burial ground at Topenemus, New Jersey. 
John Baird, the immigrant, was buried at 
Topenemus, New Jersey, and on his tombstone 
is the following inscription: 


who came from Scotland 

ill isih year of his age. A. D. 1683 

tiled April . 175.5 

aged about flU .vtar."!, and 

of an Iionest chai'acler." 

Mary Baird was admitted to the Lord's table 
at the White Hill meeting house in 1736. 

(11) David, second son of John and Mary 
( Hall ) ISaird, of Topenemus, was born Octo- 
ber 19, 1 7 10, was married, October 27, 1744, 
to Sarah Compton, born April 18, 1716; died 
May I. 1810. David Baird died June 20, 1801. 
By this marriage there were born four children 
in Topenemus as follows: i. Jacob, Novem- 
ber, 1745; lived on a farm in Morris county. 
New Jersey, owned by his father, and on the 
death of his father it descended to him by his 
will. 2. Mary, September 30, 1747: married 
John, son of James and Dinah Tillyer Dey 

(1747-1829), and they had children: James, 
John, David, Elias, Mary B. and David B. 
Dey. I\lary (Baird) Dey died 1836. 3. John, 
October 27, 1750; married (first) Phebe Ely, 
who died June 17, 1817, and (second) Eliza- 
beth Edwards. He was an elder of the Old 
Tennent Church, and had no children by either 
of his wives. 4. Captain David (q. v.). 

(HI) Captain David (2), youngest child 
of David (i) and Sarah (Compton) Baird, 
was born in Topenemus, New Jersey, July 16, 
1754; died December 24, 1839. He was a 
private in the first regiment from New Jersey 
to join the .American forces at the time of the 
rebellion against Great Britian, became ser- 
geant in 1776, and was promoted ensign, lieu- 
tenant and quartermaster. He was captain of 
militia in 1777, and also captain of light horse 
in Monmouth county militia. He was in the 
New Jersey line at the battle of Germantown, 
was called with his company to protect the salt 
works at Tom's River several times, and to 
the protection of Navesink Highlands. He 
also served with General Dickerson's forces 
during the British march across New Jersey, 
and was in several skirmishes and at the battle 
of Monmouth, June 28, 1778. He married 
(first) February 27, 1777, Rebecca Ely, and 
by her he had one child : Rebecca, who mar- 
ried William Ely, and had twelve children : 
David B., Joseph W., Harvey, John, Isaac, 
George A., Mary, Sarah, Lucy, Phoebe, Eliza- 
beth and William. Rebecca (Ely) Baird. the 
grandmother of these children, died January 
(i, 1778. and Captain David Baird married 
(second) Lydia (Topscott) Gaston, a widow, 
and by her he had six children born as follows : 
I. Sarah, November i, 1780: died .April 7, 
1 88 1, over one hundred years of age ; she mar- 
ried Thomas, son of .Anthony .Applegate, and 
they had seven children: Anthony, Lydia, 
David B., Sarah D., Disbrow, Thomas and 
John .Applegate. 2. Mary, October 15, 1782; 
married Leon Dey, January 24, 1800, and re- 
moved to C>hio. 3. John, March 19, 1784. 4. 
Jacob, December 19. 1785: died .A]3ril 8, 1822. 
5. Lydia, February 8, 1788: married William 
Johnson, and ha(i four children. 6. Phebe, 
November 14, 1790: married David Ferine, 
liad twelve children; she died December 17, 
1855. Lydia (Tojjscott) (Gaston) Baird, the 
mother of these six children, died I'ebruary 5. 
1701. aged thirty-si.x years, and Captain David 
Baird married (third) Mary, daughter of 
Lieutenant Thomas and Elizabeth (X'aiighn) 
Edwards. November 23, 1795. and by her he 
had elevOn children born as follows: i. David. 



F"ebriiary 22. 1797: married .Viny Hendrickson, 
and removed to Indiana. 2. Rei, May 16, 
1798; held the title of general; married Sarah 
Clayton, and had six children ; he died Sep- 
tember 7, 1835. 3. Elizabeth. March 2. 1800; 
married Peter W'yckoff. and had nine children ; 
he died December 4, 1895. 4- Thomas (q. v.). 
5. Ann, December 25, 1803; married Harts- 
home Tantiim, and had eight children, 6. 
Evelina, October 25, 1805; married William 
P. Foreman, and had four children ; she died 
Xovember 26, 1883. 7. Joseph, July 4, 1807; 
died May 5, 1814. 8. James, June 3, 1810; 
married Rebecca F., daughter of Richard and 
Amy Ely, of Black's Mills; he lived on the 
Baird homestead or Millstone brook, west of 
Fine Hill, until 1854, when he moved to Illinois ; 
they had six children : John, who was killed in 
the civil war, Mary, Amy, Richard, Rei and 
Thomas. 9. Rachel, September 7, 1812: mar- 
ried Elias Riggs, and had four children. 10. 
Eleanor, December 13, 1815; married George 
W. Sutphen, and had six children, n. Zebulon, 
July 31, 1819; married Caroline E., daughter 
of Joseph Perrine, and removed to Illinois in 
1854; they had seven children. Thus the de- 
scendants of Ca]3tain David Baird are eighteen 
children, over ninety-four grandchildren, and 
more than one hundred and forty-nine great- 

(I\') Thomas, hfth son and eleventh child 
of Captain David ( 2 ) Baird, and third son and 
fourth child of Cajjtain David and Marv ( Ed- 
wards ) Baird.. was born at Manalapan. Mill- 
stone township. Monmouth county, New 
Jersey, February 6, 1802. He was a pro- 
gressive farmer, and owned several valuable 
farms and was re])Uted to have been a very 
wealthy man for the time and occupation in 
which he engaged. He married Eleanor P., 
daughter of Peter and Maria (Ogbourne) 
Bilyeu. The three children of Thomas and 
Eleanor P. ( Bilyeu ) Baird were born in Man- 
alapan, New Jersey, as follows: i. and 2. 
David (q. v.) and Jonathan, twins, 1829; Jon- 
athan died in infancy. 3. Sarah, married John 
E. Hunt. Thomas Baird died at his home in 
Manalapan, New Jersey, October i, 1880. 

( \' ) David ( 3 ), eldest child of Thomas and 
Eleanor F'. ( P>ilyeu ) Baird, was born in Mana- 
lapan, Millstone township, Monmouth county, 
.Vew Jersey, in 1829. He had the advantages 
of excellent school privileges, and was a pupil 
first in the primary district school, and then the 
I'reehold .Academy, where he was graduated, 
and then the higher Institute at Hightstown. 
He also had peculiar advantages in studying 

agriculture and horticulture on his father's 
well conducted farms, and he became a skill- 
ful and successful nurseryman and fruit 
grower, carrying on the business both for 
pleasure and profit during his entire active 
life, only retiring two years before his death, 
which occurred at Manalapan, New Jersey, 
January, 1908, when he was in the eightieth 
year of his life. He was president of the New 
Jersey State Horticultural Society for two 
years, and a member during his entire busi- 
ness life. He was a chosen freeholder of the 
township of Millstone ; an active member and 
oldest elder of the Presbyterian church at 
Manalapan, and one of its largest contributors 
to the support of the church and its various 
missions. His political party allegiance was 
Reiniblican, and his interest in town, county, 
state and national affairs was manifest in his 
clearly defined political opinion always 
freely expressed. He married, December 9, 
1852, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Isaac and 
Jane (Heulett) PuUen, born in Hightstown, 
New Jersey, 1828. The eleven children of 
David and Mary Elizabeth (Pullen) Baird 
were born in Manalapan, Monmouth county. 
New Jersey, and four of the number died in 
infancy, leaving eight born as follows: i. 
Emerson P., married Sarah Probosco and lives 
at Freehold, New Jersey. 2. Sarah, married 
John Probosco, a farmer of Englishtown, New 
Jersey, and their two children are Charles and 
Eleanor Probosco. 3. Charles Augustus, horti- 
culturist and landscape gardener of Freehold, 
New Jersey, who married Emma L. Rue, and 
have four children: Mary E., Jennie R., David 
Edward and Carl. 4. Howard, born 1863 ; lives 
on the old homestead, where he carries on the 
business of farmer, nurseryman and fruit- 
grower. He married Elizabeth Lamberton, 
and their children are : David L. and Louisa. 

5. Carrie, married Archie T. Van Dorn, of 
Englishtown, New Jersey, and they have chil- 
dren : Peter Forman and Gladys \'an Dorn. 

6. David ( q. v.). 7. John H., was brought up 
to the business of fruit-growing ; married Jean, 
daughter of Judge William T. Hoflrman, of 
Englishtown, New Jersey ; removed to Fort 
\'alley, Georgia, as superintendent of Hale's 
Fruit Plantation. Their only child is .\nn 

( \T ) David (4), sixth child and fourth son of 
David (3) and Mary Elizabeth (Pullen) Baird, 
was born in Manalapan, Monmouth coimty. 
New Jersev, February 16, 1869. He attended 
the public schools, Freehold Institute and Belle- 
vue Hospital Medical College, connected with 



the \'e\v York L'niversity, where he received 
the degree of M. D. in 1891. He made a tour 
of the western states for study and observation 
before setthng in the practice of medicine, and 
in 1892 located at Florence, New Jersey, where 
he liecanie a member of the board of health of 
the town and a leading physician and surgeon. 
His professional affiliations included member- 
ship in the Burlington County Medical Society 
and the New Jersey State Medical Society, and 
he was a frequent reader and speaker before 
the meetings of these associations. His frater- 
nal affiliations embraced the Masonic frater- 
nity, which he entered through Mount Moriah 
Lodge, No. 28, of liordentown. New Jersey, 
and worked his way to the Mount Aloriah 
Royal Arch Chapter ; Ivanhoe Commandery, 
Knights Templar, No. 11; Lu Lu Temple, 
Mystic Shrine. He also affiliated with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows as a mem- 
ber of Burlington Lodge, No. 22; with the 
Improved Order of Red Men through the 
Florence (New Jersey) Tribe; Knights of the 
(jolden Eagle through Florence ( New Jersey ) 
Sub-Castle, and Independent Order of For- 
esters, through Court, No. 592, Florence, New 
Jersey. He was a vestryman of St. Stephen's 
Protestant Episcopal Church, Florence, New 
Jersey, but brought up in the Presbyterian 
faith in the church of which his father was 
senior elder. He married, February 28, 1900. 
Lydia, daughter of John and Mary Jane 
( Smith ) Sjjotts, of Florence, New Jersey, and 
their cliildren were twins, John Everett and 
David Emerson, born in Florence, New Jersey, 
T'"cbruary 10, 1907. Dr. Baird has a beautiful 
home and enjoys an excellent practice in Flor- 
ence, New Jersey, where ho is one of the lead- 
ing citizens and the promoter or advocate of 
all p(ilitical, social, civic and sanitary reforms. 

Dr. Reiley, of Atlantic City, New 
RI-.ILIA' Jersey, descends along paternal 
and maternal lines from forbears 
that MTvi'd in tiie revoluti'in and from men 
who bore their full share in the early and sub- 
sequent (levelo])mcnt of a state. William 
Reiley. who was killed at the battle of the 
Brandywine, was a brother of Dennis Reiley, 
from whom Edward Anderson Reiley de- 
scends. Ensign John .Anderson of the "King's 
.Army," and subsequently a captain in W'asii- 
ington's army, was his great-great-grandfather. 
Tiirougji maternal lines he touches in direct 
lineal descent .Samuel Fleming, an early pioneer 
and founder of the town of Flemington, New 
Jersey. Colonel Thomas Lowry and Cornelius 

Hoppock of revolutionary fame are his direct 

The branch of the Reiley family to which 
Edward .A. Reiley belongs was founded in 
.America by Dennis Reiley who with his brother 
William came from Lancaster, England, and 
settled in Maryland. They both served in the 
revolutionary war, William losing his life from 
wounds received at the battle of the Brandy- 
wine. The family afterward settled in 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, where John 
Reiley. great-grandfather of Edward A., 
was high sheriif. His son, John, was 
a man of means but lost all his landed 
estate through a defective title. He then re- 
moved to New Jersey, being the first of the 
family to settle in that state. He located on a 
farm near Phillipsburg, W'arren county, and 
in a measure retrieved his fallen fortunes. He 
was an uncompromising Whig and was the 
only man in his voting district to record a vote 
against (ieneral Jackson for president. He 
was a strict Presbyterian and raised his family 
under the strict code of that day and that faith. 
He was a man of strong mental powers and 
unbending will. He was greatly respected in 
his neighborhood. John Reiley married Eliza- 
beth .\rndt, daughter of John Bernhardt .\rndt, 
who came to .America in the ship "Penn" dur- 
ing the year 1731. His wife was .Anna Decker. 
The children of John and Elizabeth (Arndt) 
Railey were : John, Nathan, William, James, 
see forward ; Polly, Grace. Phebe and Han- 
nah. John Reiley lived to the good old age 
of seventy-five, but his wife, Elizabeth, sur- 
vived him many years, living to see her eighty- 
fifth year. John Reiley died in 1865. They 
were the parents of a large family that have 
settled in different parts of the country, some 
of them, however, are found in and around 
l'hilli]isburg. New Jersey, where they are en- 
gaged in business and professions of various 

Dr. James Reiley, son of John and Elizabeth 
( .Arndt ) Reiley, was born at Durham, P.ucks 
county, Pennsylvania, May 27, 1830, and died 
during the month of March, 1872, at Succa- 
sunna. New Jersey. He was a graduate of 
Cnion College at Schenectady, New York, and 
prepared for the practice of medicine at the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons at New 
\'iirk City, where he was graduated Doctor of 
.Medicine. He practiced a year at Lambert- 
ville, New Jersey, then settled at Succasunna, 
New Jersey, where he practiced his profession 
for twenty years until the outbreak of the civil 
war. He enlisted in the LTnjon army, .August 


4, 1862. and was appointed surgeon of the 
Twenty-fifth Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, 
serving with that regiment until January 20, 
18(13, when he was honorably discharged. He 
re-enlisted July 15. 1863, and became surgeon 
of the Thirty-third New Jersey Volunteer In- 
fantry, Twentieth Army Corps, General 
deary's division. Army of the Cumberland. 
He was acting brigade-surgeon of the First 
Brigade, Third Division, Seventh Army Corps. 
He served with honor and distinction, attain- 
ing his rapid promotion through his pro- 
fessional merit only. He was mustered out 
of the service July 17, 1865, with the rank of 
major. With the Thirty-third Dr. Reiley was 
in the "March to the Sea" and in all the hard 

Dr. Reiley married Mary Lowrey Anderson, 
born at Doylestown, Itucks county, Pennsyl- 
vania. November 13, 1832, died ^larch 12, 1897, 
at .Atlantic City, New Jersey. She was a 
daughter of John H. Anderson. To them were 
born three children: I. Dr. Edward Ander- 
son, see forward. 2. Mary Logan, born April 
23, 1858. 3. James Mol-rison, April 2, i860; 
married, December 14, 1880, Elizabeth Gove, 
daughter of Frank \V. and Hannah E. (Tay- 
lor) Gove, of Trenton, New Jersey. The 
Gove family is of English origin and settled 
originally in New Hampshire, the first of the 
family being Nathan Gove. Mr. and Mrs. 
Reiley have two sons, Frederick A. and Ed- 
ward Morris Reiley. James AI. is by trade 
an expert machinist. He resides in .\tlantic 
City, New Jersey. 

Dr. Edward Anderson, eldest son of Dr. 
James and Mary L. (Anderson) Reiley, was 
born at Succasunna, Morris county. New 
Jersey, October 27, 1855. He attended the 
public schools of his native town and prepared 
himself for college. In 1873 ''^ entered Rut- 
gers College, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 
taking the scientific course. He was graduated 
therefrom in 1877 with the degree of M. S. 
He had now decided to follow the profession 
of medicine and entered the medical depart- 
ment of the University of the City of New 
York, graduating in 1881 with the degree of 
M. D. He began the practice of his profession 
in New Brunswick, New Jersey, where he re- 
mained two years. In the month of June, 1883. 
he removed to Atlantic City, New Jersey, and 
began the practice of his profession in that 
city. He has been in continuous and lucrative 
practice there from that time to the present 
date (1909). He is a well known and highly 
esteemed citizen as well as a most skillful and 

prominent practitioner. Evidences of the high 
standing hehas attained is found in the pres- 
entation to him in June, 1908, of a solid silver 
loving cup by his fellow citizens on the com- 
pletion of twenty-five years of medical practice 
in the city. Judge Joseph Thompson making 
the presentation speech. In sanitary and edu- 
cation affairs he has served his city well. From 
1884 to 1887 he was president of the board of 
health and from 1884 to 1890 was president of 
the board of education. For six years he was 
a member of the board of water commissioners. 
He is a member of the American Medical 
Association, the New Jersey Medical Associa- 
tion ; ex-president of the Atlantic County Medi- 
cal Association ; ex-president of the Atlantic 
City .Academy of Medicine, and member of 
the New Brunswick Chapter, Phi Beta Kappa. 
He is an attendant of the Presbyterian church. 
He married, March 10, 1885, Alartha Codo- 
wise Williamson, daughter of Nicholas W. 
Williamson, of New Brunswick, New Jersey. 
■ She was born May 3, 1854, and died March 
9, 1886, a brief married life of one year, lack- 
ing but one day. 

In following the maternal lines through 
which Dr. Reiley descends, many interesting 
and historic families are to be named. Mary 
Lowrey (Anderson) Reiley, his mother, was 
great-granddaughter of Esther Fleming, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Fleming, wdio built the first 
house and founded the now prosperous town 
of Flemington, New Jersey. Samuel Flem- 
ing's wife was Esther Monia, a French Hugne- 
not. The Flemings are supposed to be from 
Flanders and the name is derived from the 
tendency to call new-comers in the early day 
by the name of their country. When the family 
fled to Scotland and Ireland on account of per- 
secution they were called Flems or Flemish, 
the name finally getting to the present form — 
Fleming. Esther Fleming, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Esther, married Thomas Lowrey, lieu- 
tenant-colonel and afterw^ard colonel of the 
Third Hunterdon County Regiment, Conti- 
nental army. William Lowrey, son of Col- 
onel Thomas and Esther (Fleming) Lowrey, 
married Martha Howe, one of the matrons 
who received General Washington at Trenton 
when he was enroute to New York for his first 
inauguration. Her sister was one of the 
twenty-four girls who sang songs and strewed 
flowers in his path as the Assanpink Bridge 
was crossed on entering Trenton. Mary 
Lowrey, daughter of William and Martha 
(Howe) Lowrey, married Thomas Alexander 
and their daughter, Mary Martha Alexander, 


married John H. .\nderson, grandfather of 
Dr. Edward A. Reiley. The Andersons are 
foinid at a very early date in Connecticut, 
from there they passed over to Long Island, 
then settled at Alaidenhead, New Jersey, now 
Lawrenceville, and from there going to Hunter- 
don county, New Jersey. John Anderson held 
an ensign's commission in the English army 
prior to the revolution. This commission is 
still ]5reserved in the family. He took sides 
with the colonies and enlisted in the Hunter- 
don county militia. He was commissioned cap- 
tain of Colonel Johnson's battalion, Heard's 
brigade, June 14, 1776. He later held a cap- 
tain's commission in the continental line. Cap- 
tain John married Anna \'an Kirk. Joshua 
Anderson, son of Captain John and Anna 
( \ an Kirk) Anderson, married Elizabeth 
lloiipnck. a daughter of Cornelius Hoppock, 
a cajitain of the Third Regiment, Hunterdon 
County New Jersey militia in the revolution. 
Her mother was Catherine (Coyle) Hoppock. 
John H. Anderson, son of Joshua and Eliza- 
beth (Hoppock) Anderson, married Mary 
Martha Alexander, and their daughter, Mary 
Lowrey Anderson, married Dr. James Reiley, 
father of Dr. Edward A. This descent from 
the Fleming, Lowrey, Anderson and Hoppock 
families entitles Dr. Reiley to memljership in 
any of the |)atri()tic societies that base mem- 
bership upnn colonial or revolutionary ances- 

The science of prognostication as 
S.MLl'.R existing in seventh sons of sev- 
enth sons has been a])]5arent in 
various sooth-sayers who use this accident of 
birth for business purposes. These luckv in- 
dividuals, having judgment and discernment 
beyond their fellows, have generally carried 
their extraordinary gifts into questionable busi- 
ness methods. Others into gold, and made good 
use of both the gift and the gold for those wise 
enough to follow the financial paths pointed 

( I ) Samuel .Sailer was the seventh son of 
his father and .Vim, his wife, and was bom in 
(Gloucester county. New Jersey, about 1765-70. 
Tliey had at least seven sons and a number of 
daughters. Their seventh son was Joseph, 
sec forward. The Sailers were of German 
origin and came with the early settlers of West 
New Jersey who settled in Salem and Glou- 
cester comity, on the banks of the I^elaware 
river. .Ann, widow of .Samuel .Sailer, lived 
to be over one lumdred years of age. 

(H) Joseph, seventh son of Samuel and 

Aim Sailer, was born in Clarksboro, Glou- 
cester county. New Jersey, in 1809. He was 
brought up in his native town, obtained a good 
education, lived first in Woodbury, Gloucester 
county, and at the age of twenty was publisher 
and editor of the Woodbury Constitution; he 
went to Fhiladelphia, Pennsylvania, where he 
became interested in journalism and finance 
and became editor and owner of the Philadel- 
phia Tiiins and still later was associated with 
(ieorge William Childs, of the Philadelphia 
Ledger, at the time a leading newspaper of 
Philadelphia, and extensively read in all the 
large financial centres of the world. He made 
his articles a feature of the Ledger and his 
financial acumen was recognized by the lead- 
ing financiers of his time as of great value in 
the money market. He enjoyed the responsi- 
ble position for many years and the financial 
editor of the Philadelphia Lt'rffycr was acknowl- 
edged an oracle in the world of finance. He 
married lYiscilla Sparks, daughter of Isaac D. 
and Ann (Sparks) Doughten, who was born 
at Timber Creek, New Jersey, in 1809. She 
was of descent. Joseph and Pris- 
cilla Sparks (Doughten) Sailer had seven chil- 
dren born in Woodbury, New Jersey, and in 
r'hila(lel]ihia, P'ennsylvania, as follows: I. 
Louise, married Daniel Malsecd and had five 
children. 2. Randolph, bom in Woodbury, 
New Jersey, May 24, 1833; graduated at the 
University of Pennsylvania, A. R. 1857, A. M. 
i860: studied at the I'nion Theological Semi- 
nary, New York City. 1857-59: was an agent 
of the .American Sunday School I'nion in 1859 
and his eyes failed and he engaged in Philadel- 
phia, as a manufacturer, with Powers & 
Weightman, and died in that city, January 22. 
1869. He married Josephine, daughter of 
Wilson H. Pile, M. D., and they had one child. 
Thomas Henry Powers. 3. Morris C, mar- 
ried Alary Lee, and had two children. He died 
srmn after the birth of his second child. 4. 
.'>arah Ann, never married. 5. John, see for- 
wanl. (1. Isaac Doughten. 7. Frank. 

(Ill) John, third son and fifth child of 
loseph and F'riscilla S])arks (Dougliten) 
.Sailer, was born in Philadeli)hia, Pennsylvania, 
.September 6, 1840. He was educated in the 
public schools of Philadel])hia, became con- 
nected with I'cnnsylvania National Guard as 
a member of the Keystone P)attery, Captain 
Hastings, and in 1862 the battery was muster- 
ed into the Cnitcd States \'olunteer .Army for 
one year's service, but was always known as 
an independent battery. He saw active ser- 
vice on the battle field, 1862-63, ser\-ing as 



second lieutenant of the battery under General 
Meade in several engagements in Virginia, and 
he received promotion to staff duty as assistant 
adjutant general on the staff of General Alex- 
ander Hayes. On returning from the war at 
the end of his one year's service, he engaged 
in the banking business as a clerk, and in 1866 
the banking house of Sailer & Stevenson was 
formed which was still in existence in 1909 
under the same name with Mr. Sailer as senior 
member. The house has withstood all the finan- 
cial storms of forty years and always have been 
able to pay all their obligations in full, and the 
firm name is a synonym for the best financial 
standing, credit and repute ; never having paid 
less than one hundred cents on every dollar 
of their indebtedness on the very day on which 
it fell due. His financial acumen, inherited no 
doubt from his father, caused his services to be 
sought by leading banking and benevolent in- 
stitutions as director, and he gave such services 
to the Girard National Bank, the Franklin Fire 
Insurance Company, the Academy of Music, 
of Philadelphia. He has given his services as 
president to the University Hospital, and as a 
member of the board of managers of the Free 
Museum of Archaeological Science and Arts, 
of Philadelphia, and as member of the execu- 
tive committee of the Philadelphia Board of 
Trade. He was made a member of the Penn- 
sylvania Historical Society, New Jersey His- 
torical Society, Academy of Fine Arts and of 
the Pennsylvania Geographical Society. He 
has served the L^nion League Club as a mem- 
ber, as secretary, and as its senior vice-presi- 
dent for many years. His other club affilia- 
tions include the Country Club, of Philadel- 
phia, and the ]\Iarion Cricket Club. His mili- 
tary service brought to him comradeship in 
Meade Post, Grand Army of the Republic, and 
companionship in the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion of the L'nited States. He has 
served on the staff of Governor Stewart as 
lieutenant colonel. His inherited religious 
faith as represented by the Presbyterian church 
in America was maintained during his life- 
time, and he held office as a trustee of the 
Second Church, of Philadelphia, and chairman 
of its finance committee. 

Mr. Sailer was married, in December, 1866, 
to Emily, daughter of Samuel and Ann 
(Pierce) Woodward, and their children are: 
I. Joseph, born October i, 1867; married 
Mary, daughter of Dr. George and Alice 
Strawbridge, of Philadelphia, and their chil- 
dren are : Alice Strawbridge ; Mary Lober ; 
Joseph (2), graduated from Towne Scientific 

.School, biological department, 1885, University 
of Pennsylvania, Ph. B., 1886, medical depart- 
ment, University of Pennsylvania, M. D., 
1 891. He was resident physician Philadelphia 
Hospital, 1891-92, and after 1892 a general 
practitioner in Philadelpiiia. He was made a 
member of the Philadelphia County Medical 
Association. 2. Anna, born 1874 ; married 
Albion G. Pennington, a banker of Philadel- 
phia, and they have no children. 3. Emily 
\Voodward, born 1877: unmarried. 4. John 
Alorris, bom 1886; he is in the banking busi- 
ness with his father ; unmarried. 


The Cowperthwait 
family which has 
played so promi- 
nent a part in the history of the Quaker colonies 
along the Delaware, and later in the states of 
New Jersey and Pennsylvania, are descended 
from Hugh Cowperthwait, the famous min- 
ister among Friends, of Flushing, Long Island. 
His children removed from Long Island to 
West Jersey, in the end of the seventeenth cen- 
tury, where they intermarried with the families 
of the early and prominent settlers of that 
region, and from whence they have spread out 
into many of the states of the Union. The 
majority of them have been faithful to the 
religion of their founder, and are still today 
members of the Society of Friends. The great 
exception was General Samuel Cowperthwait, 
the founder of the Philadelphia branch of the 
family, whose record as a revolutionary soldier 
was so distinguished. Among the grandchil- 
dren or great-grandchildren of Hugh Cowper- 
thwait was the ancestor of the line at present 
under consideration, but whether this ances- 
tor was Hugh or Thomas, of Burlington 
county, is at present a little uncertain. 

( I ) John Cowperthwait, the records seem to 
show, was son of John, senior, who died in 


(II) John Wardell, son of John Cowper- 
thwait, was born in New Egypt in 1821 ; died 
April 30, 1877. He was always engaged in 
farming. He married Matilda 1. Simons, who 
died July 3, 1885. Their children were: i. 
Amy, born March 17, 1861 ; married Andrew 
Moon, and their children are : Frank K., Edna 
and Ole. 2. John, December 24, 1862; died 
July 3, 1884. 3. Charles Chapman, referred 
"to below. 4. Charlotte C, April 18, 1866; 
married Joseph Sison. 5. Matilda I., May 20, 
1868: married, in 1888, William B. Pearson. 

(III) Charles Chapman, third child and 
second son of John Wardell and Matilda I. 



(Simons) Cowperthwait, was born in Alount 
Holly, New Jersey, November i, 1864, and is 
now living in Mount Holly. For his early 
education he was sent to the public schools of 
Mount Holly, after which he took up the 
course at the Philadelphia Business College. 
He then learned the trade of harness maker, 
which he followed until 1888, when he gave it 
up and for a year worked in a shoe factory. 
This position in turn he gave up in order to 
accept the position of clerk on the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad, which he retained until 1899, 
when he resigned in order to accept his present 
position as ])ostmaster of Mount Holly, Bur- 
lington county, New Jersey. This position he 
has held continuously, having been reappointed 
three times since that date. He is one of the 
most popular and highly respected men in the 
town of Mount Holly, and the confidence and 
trust of his fellow citizens has been demon- 
strated time and time again. In 1893 he was 
elected as a member of the town committee, 
and in 1896 was re-elected to the same position, 
while for si.x years he has also been the treas- 
urer of the township. He is a stockholder in 
the L'nion National Bank, of Mount Holly ; a 
member of Washington Council, No. 5, Junior 
Order of American Mechanics; New Jersey 
Lodge, No. I, Knights of Pythias; Sons of 
America ; Patriotic Order Sons of America ; 
Mount Holly Lodge, No. 848, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks; Ancient Order of 
Lnited Workmen. Charles Chapman Cowper- 
thwait married Lillian, daughter of John and 
Margaret Goldy, of Mount Holly, New Jersey. 

The various Quaker Atkin- 
.^TKINSON sons of West Jersey have 
s])rung from two emigrants, 
both iif them men of prominence and im- 
])i>rtancc in tlieir day and in the foundation 
laying of the prosj)erous colonies with which 
they became identified. 

(I) John .Atkinson, founder of the line at 
present under consideration, was a York.shire- 
man who lived for many years at Newby, but 
about 1659 removed to Thruscross in the same 
county, lie was among the earliest of the 
converts to the tenets of Cjeorge Fox in York- 
shire, and he had at least two sons, both of 
whom came to Pennsylvania: i. John, died 
ATay 2, 1688. without issue. 2. Thomas, re- 
ferred to below. 

(H) Thomas, son of John .Xtkin.son. of 
Thruscross. was born in Newby, Yorkshire. 
before 1660, died in Bristol township, Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania, October 31, 1687. He 

was a noted man in the colony, a minister 
among Friends, one of the largest land owners 
in Bucks county, and for many years a mem- 
ber of the assembly and a justice of the Bucks 
county court. His parents took him with them 
from Newby to Thruscross, and by 1678 he 
had removed again to Sandwich, in the parish 
of Addingham, county York, where he found 
his wife, but no more is heard of him until 

168 1 when he removed to West Jersey with a 
certificate from the Beamsley Meeting. In 

1682 he removed to Bristol township, Bucks 
county, and became a member of the Nesh- 
aminy Meeting, subse(juently joining the 
Meeting at Falls. June i, 1685, he was a 
member of the first grand jury of the col- 
ony. .A.fter his death the Philadelphia Meet- 
ing published a long "Testimonial" of him by 
his wife, an action so rarely done by the 
Ouakers as to stamp him at once as a most 
exceptionally prominent character. 

June 4. 1678, Thomas Atkinson married 
Jane Bond, who survived him, and October 1 1 , 
1688, married (second) William Biles, of Falls 
townshi]), Ikicks county, to whom she bore no 
children. The children of Thomas and Jane 
(Bond) Atkinson were: i. Isaac, born March 
2, 1679, at Sandwich, in the west riding of 
Yorkshire, England, died in Bristol township, 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania ; was a cord- 
wainer, yeoman and landholder ; married, June 
23, 1708, Sarah, daughter of Richard and 
Alargery (Clows) Hough. 2. William, born 
1681, probably in Burlington county, West 
Jersey, died in Bristol, Pennsylvania, October 
29, 1749; was an active politician and held a 
number of important offices, coroner of Bucks 
county for nine terms between 1721 and 1740. 
was a member of the county committee for 
twelve years and was collector of excise, be- 
sides serving two terms as common councillor 
of liristol; married (first) at Falls Meeting, 
.Mary, daughter of Richard and Margery 
(Clows) Hough, and (second) at Bristol 
Meeting. Margaret, daughter of Henry and 
Mary Baker. 3. Samuel, referred to below. 

(HI ) Samuel, youngest son of Thomas and 
Jane (Bond) Atkinson, was born in Bristol 
township, Bucks county, I^ennsylvania, Jvdy 
17, 1C185, died in Chester township, Burlington 
county, or in Newton township, Gloucester 
county. West Jersey. February 21, 1775- He 
removed from Bucks county to West Jersey in 
1 7 14. taking a certificate from Falls to Ches- 
terfield Meeting. November 5, 1719, he car- 
ried a certificate from Chesterfiekl to Newton 
Meeting where he probably spent the remain- 



der of his active life and may have died 
although it has been said that his last years 
were spent in the home of his son Samuel in 
Chester township. He was a contractor. 
September 12, 1714, he was married in the 
home of his bride's father, under the care of 
the Chesterfield Meeting, to Ruth (^Stacy) 
Beakes, daughter of Mahlon and Rebecca 
(Ely) .Stacy and the widow of William 
Beakes. both of Nottingham township, Burl- 
ington county, West Jersey. The children of 
Samuel and Ruth (Stacy) (Beakes) Atkinson 
were: i. Thomas, married Susanna, daughter 
of Thomas and Martha (Earl) Shinn, grand- 
daughter of Thomas Shinn and Mary, daugh- 
ter of Richard and Abigail Stockton, the emi- 
grants, and great-granddaughter of John and 
Jane Shinn, the emigrants. 2. Samuel, re- 
ferred to below. 3. Rebecca, married (first) 
Thomas, son of Thomas and Deborah (Lang- 
staft') Buddj and grandson of William and 
Ann (Clapgut) Budd, and (second) Thomas 
Say, M. D. 4. Ruth, married as the second 
wife of Joshua, son of Joseph and Hannah 
(Hubberstie) Bispham, and grandson of John 
and Mary (Bastwellj Bispham, of Bicker- 
stafife. West Derby, Lancashire. 

(IV) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) and 
Ruth (Stacy) (Beakes) Atkinson, was born 
probably in Chester township, Burlington 
county, West Jersey, died there in October, 
1 78 1. He was a yeoman and a comparatively 
wealthy and well-to-do man. His will was 
written May 3, 1780, and proved by affirma- 
tion, October 29, 1781, his executors being his 
son, Stacy Atkinson, and his sons-in-law, 
Moses Kempton and Joshua Newbold, and his 
friend, Jacob Hollingshead. By his wife, 
Ann (Coate) Atkinson, he had eight children: 
I. William. 2. Elizabeth, married Moses 
Kempton. 3. Stacy. 4. Rebecca, married 
Joshua Newbold. 5. Samuel, referred to 
below. 6. Sarah. 7. Mahlon. 8. Beulah. 

(V) Samuel (3), third son of Samuel (21 
and Ann (Coate) Atkinson, was born in 
Chester township, Burlington county. New 
Jersey, died in Springfield township in the 
same county, in 1804. He married Elizabeth 

. His will, written January 4, 1802, 

was affirmed at Mount Holly, March g, 1804. 
Children of Samuel and Elizal>eth Atkinson 
were: i. John. 2. Isaiah, referred to below. 
3. Caleb. 4. Josiah. 5. Samuel. 6. Esther 
or Hester, married Joseph Rogers. 7. Keziah, 
married Benjamin .\tkinson. 8. Marv, mar- 
ried John Atkinson. 9. Hope, married Clem- 
ent Rockhill. 10. Elizabeth. 11. Ann. 

( \ I ) Isaiah, second son of Samuel (3) and 
Elizabeth Atkinson, was born in Springfield 
township, Burlington county, and died there 
in 1845. In his will, written February 17, 
and aftirmed at Mount Holly, October 25, 
1845, he names his wife, Sarah (Eldridge) 
Atkinson, and the following six children : Will- 
iam E., George Washington, referred to below, 
Elizabeth, James E., Evans, Isaiah Jr. 

(\II) George Washington, second son of 
Isaiah and Sarah ( Eldridge ) .Atkinson, was 
born in 1804, in Springfield township, Burling- 
ton county, and died in the same place intes- 
tate, in 1866. By his wife, Anna, the daughter 
of Miles King, of Jacksonville, Springfield 
township, he had six children: i. Miles King, 
died aged sixty-four years. 2. A baby who 
died in infancy. 3. Edith R., married Sam- 
uel Rogers but has no children. 4. Budd, mar- 
ried Mary Garwood and has two children : 
Margaret Garwood and Anna. 5. Isaiah E., 
married Ellen Rogers and has two children : 
Wallace L. and Howard. 6. John, referred 
to below. 

(Vni) John (2), youngest child of George 
Washington and Anna (King) Atkinson, was 
born on the farm in Springfield township, 
Burlington county, and is now living in Phila- 
delphia and in Llanech, Delaware county, 
Pennsylvania. He attended the public schools 
of Springfield township and the well known 
Charles Aaron school at Mount Holly, a Pres- 
byterian denominational school. After leav- 
ing school he learned the trade of bricklaying 
and then went into business for himself in 
1872 in partnership with George W. Royd- 
house. After a number of years successful 
operation the firm was dissolved and Mr. At- 
kinson continued in the business alone, under 
the name of John Atkinson, building mason, 
Builders' Exchange, South Seventh street, 
Philadelphia. Mr. Atkinson is a member of 
the Masons and Builders .Association of Phil- 
adelphia, the Bricklayers Company of Phila- 
delphia, which he served as president, the 
Builders' E.xchange of Philadelphia, also a 
charter member of the West Jersey Society of 
Pennsylvania. He is also a member of Lodge 
No. 223, Odd Fellows, and belongs to the 
Philadelphia Monthly Meeting of the Hick- 
site Quakers at Fifteenth and Race streets. 
Mr. Atkinson is a Democrat. 

October 5. i88r, John .Atkinson married 
-Anna, daughter of \Vatson Welding, of Brook- 
lyn, Long Island, and has borne him five chil- 
dren, all born at Philadelphia: I. John Will- 
iam. July 22, 1882. 2. Roger, May 12, 1884, 



3. Edith, .March 11, i88y, married Robert R. 
Hlaiik, of Philadelphia, has one child, Robert 
R. Blank, Jr. 4. Dorothy, November u, 
1893. 5. Richard, F"ebrnar\- 5, 1897. 

There are at least two and pos- 
PAYXE sibly three or more Payne fami- 
lies in New Jersey who are ap- 
parently in no way related to each other or 
the families of the same name in New Eng- 
land. They are certainly not so related unless 
such connection can be traced out on the other 
side of the Atlantic. The family at present 
under consideration comes frorn the old Eng- 
lish seafaring stock, and while it cannot boast 
of as many generations in this country as can 
some of the other families of the same name, 
it has nevertheless made its permanent im- 
press upon the community in which it has lived 
and won for itself a well deserved honored 
reputation and esteem. 

( I ) The founder of the family was Macey 
Payne, a sea captain, who came over to Amer- 
ica from England about the end of the eight- 
eenth century, bringing with him his wife and 
children, settling in the southern part of the 
state of New Jersey, where he still followed 
his calling and brought up his sons to succeed 
him. By his wife, Deborah, he had five chil- 
dren: I. Levi, who became quite a noted Jer- 
sey mariner and sea ca])tain. 2. Sarah, mar- 
ried George Wool ford. 3. Samuel, married a 
Miss Shaw. 4. Alacey Jr.. who was drowned; 
unmarrieil. 5. Charles (Harrison, referred to 

(II) Charles Garrison, the youngest son of 
Captain Macey and Deborah Payne, was born 
near Millville, Cumberland county, New Jer- 
sey, February 18, 1820, died in Millville, 
1 89 1. He was left an orphan when about 
seven years of age, and grew up under the care 
of his brother. Captain Levi Payne, whom he 
accomjianied on many of his voyages, and thus 
spent most of his life until he reached man- 
hood on the sea. Tiring of this kind of a 
life, he set himself to work to learn the glass- 
blowing trade, in which he sjjent the next 
forty years of his life, establishing his home in 
the town of Millville. His wife was Thank- 
ful, daughter of William, and granddaughter 
of Dr. Lawrence \'an 1 look. She was born 
at what was then called ".Schooner's Landing" 
about four miles from Millville, and was of 
old colonial German descent. She died in 
April, 1893. Her father was for many years 
a farmer, but later on he entered the employ 
of Whital, Taluni & Company and worked 

in their Millville factory. Two of his broth- 
ers, Benjamin and Lawrence Jr., who followed 
their father in becoming physicians, were 
prominent in the early part of the nineteenth 
century and were particularly active during 
the war of 1812. Children of Charles Garri- 
son and Thankful (^\'an Hook) Payne are: 
Deborah ; George Washington, referred to 
below ; Katharine, married Henry \'ote, of 
Piiilailelphia ; Charles Howard, resides in 
Philadelphia: James: Sarah, deceased wife of 
L. C. Leake ; Fannie, married Frank Board- 
man, of Millville ; Mary, married Jeremiah 
Corson, of Millville; Jesse: Jenny, married 
Ralph Kilvington, of Wilmington, Delaware ; 
Nora, married Michael Durkin, of ]\Iillville ; 
Rena, married George Howard Doughty, of 
Millville: Harvey. 

(HI) George Washington, the second child 
and first son of Charles Garrison and Thank- 
ful ( \'an Hook) Payne, was born in Mill- 
ville. Cumberland county. New Jersey, Sep- 
tember 7, 1843. and is now living in that town. 
I'or his early education he attended the public 
schools until he was about eleven years of age. 
When he was~thirteen he became an apprentice 
in one of the glass-blowing factories in Mill- 
ville, and served as such for the following four 
years. The civil war then breaking out and 
the glass-blowing industry in the town being 
suspended, young Payne took the opportunity 
to go to school again, which he did for one 
year, having previously studied for si.x months 
under the tuition of Dr. Parker, and later on 
under that of the Rev. Mr. Northrup, working 
during the day and stutlying at night, and in 
this way gaining considerable practical edu- 
cation. Having once learned the glass-blow'- 
ing trade he kept following it at intervals all 
his life, although most of his time has been 
given to his political career. This began in 
1874, when he was elected on the Republican 
ticket by the jieople of the second district of 
Cumberland countv to the state legislature. 
In 1875 and again in 1876 he was re-elected 
to the same office, and during his second term 
was the chairman of the committee on cor- 
porations. In 1876 he was one of the in- 
spectors of customs at Philadelphia. In 1877 
he was most active in the passing of a bill en- 
titled ".An act for the better securing of wages 
to workmen and laborers in the state of New 
Jersey," and for this bill he worked hard for 
two years, finally getting it passed in the year 
above named. This law made it illegal for 
employees to bo paid in punch orders, due bills, 
and the like which were redeemable only at 




the company stores, and was the first general 
act of the kind ever passed in New Jersey. It 
has since been amended for the better pro- 
tection of the workingman, and it has been 
an especial boon to the glass-blowers in estab- 
lishing a cash basis for their labor. As a re- 
sult of these labors, Mr. Payne incurred the 
enmity of many of the manufacturers in the 
state, was blacklisted and for some time found 
it impossible to obtain employment. When his 
third term as representative was completed, 
Mr. Payne was made the assessor of the sec- 
ond ward of Millville, which office he held for 
eight years, and in 1889 was elected to the 
common council of the town. This latter po- 
sition he resigned in order to become the 
superintendent of the glass works of Rankins 
and Lamar at Atlanta, Georgia, where he re- 
mained for one year, returning in 1891 to 
Millville, and being again elected on the com- 
mon council where he served for three years 
longer. In 1895 '^^ '^^'^^ chosen as the mayor 
of the town, and in igo8 was elected high 
sheriff of Cumberland county for the term of 
three years. Mr. Payne was the first national 
secretary of the National Flint-Glass Workers 
Union, which embraces membership in both 
the United States and Canada. This office he 
held for three vears, while for twelve years he 
was one of the representatives of the national 
body. As a token of appreciation for his 
services the union presented him with a hand- 
some gold watch, and the employees of the 
works at Atlanta, Georgia, gave him a gold 
chain to go with it. Mr. Payne is a member 
of the Order of the Golden Eagles, and is a 
past chief of the Select Councils. He is a 
member of Shekinah Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, Richmond Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons, a past commander of the Mys- 
tic Chain, and an honorary member of the 
Order of American Mechanics. He is a mem- 
ber of the First Methodist Episcopal Church 
in Millville. 

December 9, 1865, George Washington 
Payne married Mary Ann, daughter of Cap- 
tain John Stonehill, born in England, of Mill- 
ville, New Jersey. She was born in Cape 
May county, June 22, 1846. Their children 
are: i. John C., unmarried. In 1876 he met 
with an accident on the railroad and lost his 
right arm and left leg. 2. Reginald W., mar- 
ried Ella Hartman and has one child, Bea- 
trice. 3. William S., married Sarah Cham- 
pion and has one child, Esther. 4. Georgi- 
anna, married Henry Reid but has no chil- 
dren. 5. Lavina, married Samuel Curlott and 

has two children : William ( ieorge and George 
William. 6. Nelly, unmarried. 7. Harold 
H., unmarried, in the office with his father, 
serving as deputy sheriff". 8. Anna, married 
Robert Caterson, of Philadelphia, in Decem- 
ber, 1908. 

The name of Shoemaker 
SHOEMAKER belongs to that numerous 
class of surnames which 
are derived from the trades and professions, 
and as is the case with the families bearing 
similar cognomens, there are in all countries 
many persons bearing the same name yet in 
no way related to each other, so also in the 
present instance, there are quite a number of 
families of Shoemaker, whose common origin 
is either not traceable or is lost in the obscur- 
ity of the past of long ago. 

(I) Henry Shoeinaker, founder of the fam- 
ily at present under consideration, was born in 
Holland, somewhere about the year 1740 or 
1745, and emigrated to this country about 
the time of the revolution, wdien he settled in 
Deerfield township, Cumberland county, New 
Jersey, where he seems to have become a man 
of considerable prominence and influence, and 
left, when he died, a son George. 

(II) George, son of Henry Shoemaker, was 
born about 1775 or 1780, in Deerfield town- 
ship, Cumberland county, New Jersey. After 
reaching his majority he removed into Salem 
county, where he remained for some time, 
finally settling in Ohio, where he died. Among 
his children was Hiram. 

(HI) Hiram, son of George Shoemaker, 
was born in Salem county. New Jersey, about 
1815. When his father removed to Ohio, he 
accompanied him and remained a short time, 
when he returned to New Jersey and mar- 
ried Sarah Ann, daughter of Clement Rem- 
ington Waters, of Sharpstown, Salem county, 
born 1821, who bore him eighteen children: 
I. Amanda L., married John N. Miller, of 
Salem county. 2. Harriet Emrna, died at the 
age of sixteen years. 3. Gervuda. 4. George 
Henry, died in infancy. 5. Margaret B.. mar- 
ried (first) Owen S. Proud, of Salem City; 
(second) William H. Harrison, of Moore, 
Delaware county, Pennsylvania. 6. Sarah J., 
married J. Frank Foster, of Salem City. 7. 
William Hitchner, married Anna, daughter of 
Jacob Mitchell, of Salem City. 8. Clement 
Waters, mentioned below. 9. Missouri H. 
10. Louisiana C, (twins) who were named for 
the states. Missouri H. married Thomas H. 
Bowen, formerly of Salem City, now of 



Bridgeton, Xew Jersey. Louisiana C. mar- 
ried Jacob Harris, who lives near Riverton, 
Burlington county, ii. Hiram J., married 
Eva, daughter of Joseph Burt, of Bridgeton. 
12. Rachel Waters, married Elijah J. Snitcher, 
M. D., of Salem City. 13. Charles H., mar- 
ried Rebecca Lowe, of Camden, New Jersey. 

14. Mary Emma, died at the age of six years. 

15. George Henry, died in infancy. 16. Laura, 
married John Davidson, of Salem, New Jer- 
sey. 17. Robert Elmer, president of the Cum- 
berland Glass ^lanufacturing Company of 
Bridgeton, New Jersey; married Mary Hew- 
lings. 18. Joanna H., married Hon. George 
O. Whitney, of the island of Bermuda, who 
was at one time a member of the parliament 
of Great Britain. 

(1\') Clement Waters, son of Hiram and 
Sarah .Ann (Waters) Shoemaker, was born 
on a farm in Elsinboro township, Salem 
county, Xew Jersey, April 23, 1848, and is now 
living at Briilgeton, Cumberland county. 
During his early years he had but little edu- 
cational advantages. For a time he attendeil 
the iniblic schools in Elsinboro, then attending 
for a few terms the Friends" School at Salem 
City. When he was about seventeen years old 
he entered the store of H. B. Shoemaker, who 
was a distant relative^ where he dealt in gen- 
eral merchandise and gained his first knowl- 
edge of business. While here he also attended 
some of the classes of the West Jersey Acad- 
emy at Bridgeton. When reaching his ma- 
jority he found he had saved a sufficient sum 
to enable him to enter Pennington Seminary, 
Xew lersey, where he remained for si.x 
months preparing himself for future useful- 
ness. He had, however, left his money in 
other hands to be kept until he should retjuire 
it, and the man failing, he lost his savings and 
was obliged to leave the seminary and take up 
work on a farm in order to make a new start 
in life. His former em])loyer, l\. H. Shoe- 
maker, offered him a one-lhird interest in the 
business. He obtained his employer's con 
sent to the cancelling of his agreement, and 
after his release, borrowing the necessary cap- 
ital, he entered into partnership with Mr. 
Shoemaker. This partnership continued for 
six years and when it was dissolved he found 
himself with a capital of one thousand dol- 
lars to his credit. For the next year he 
worked in the employ of E. M. Ware, at a 
salary of twelve dollars a week, and then de- 
cided to go into business for himself. He 
bought the establishment of his former ])art- 
ner, H. B. Shoemaker, and introducing the 

cash system of trading into his business and 
into the city of Bridgeton, he at once began 
to meet with success, tie continued this busi- 
ness for two years, when he entered into part- 
nership with Joseph A. Clark, Isaac L. Clark 
and Samuel AI. Bassett, establishing a new 
plant for glass making, in addition to his mer- 
cantile enterprise. He later sold out his in- 
terest in the grocery store to his nephew, J. 
Warren Miller, antl gave his attention exclu- 
sively to the manufacture of glass. This busi- 
ness had become a co-partnership business in 
1880, and in 1885 it was made into a corpora- 
tion with his brother Robert Elmer as presi- 
dent, antl himself as treasurer. During the 
first year of its existence it was located on the 
wharf near Co.x & Sons, Bridgeton, but the 
factory having burned down, the firm bought 
a large tract of land on Laurel street, above 
Laurel Hill, from Charles E. Grosscup and 
Rachel W hitaker, and built there a large plant 
for the manufacture of rough plate glass for 
floors and skylights, and also for the making 
of bottle and window glass. Some time after- 
wards the manufacture of the rough glass was 
discontinued and the Cumberland Glass Com- 
pany, as the corporation was now known, 
began the manufacture of fruit and battery 
jars. The company is now as it has always 
been doing a flourishing and successful busi- 
ness. It emjiloys about one thousand men 
when running to its full capacity, and its pay- 
roll amounts to upwards of $600,000 a year. 
Later he organized the Bridgeton Iron Works, 
of which he is one of the owners, which is 
engaged in making foundry castings for light 
and heavy machinery. It employs about 
thirty-five men and boys. Mr. Shoemaker is 
recognized as one of the most public-spirited 
and philanthropic men in Bridgeton. He has 
established free beds in the Methodist Epis- 
copal Hospital, of Philadelphia, for his em- 
ployees, and one for the graduate nurses of 
the same institution. He has also established 
a permanent fund, the interest of which i^ 
useil for prizes in iienmanship. for the lir^-i 
English com])osition and the best record i< iv 
spelling in the ISridgeton iiublic schools, U t 
contest in oratory between the Bridgeton, .Mil' 
ville and \'ineland high schools. He is an e\- 
])resident of the Law and Oriler Societ\ ■! 
Uridgeton, which is and has been doing -^ 
mucli to purify the city from the gambling 
dens and other evils which e.xist. He is a di- 
rector in many financial institutions among 
which should be mentioned the Cumberland 
Xational llank, the Cumberland Trust Com- 


AO iO}r/6^^k>^^'C^iA.J2y^^^ 



pany of Bridgeton. the H. K. Mulford Com- 
pany of Philadelphia, the \'inelaiid Grape 
Juice Company of \ ineland. Xew Jersey, and 
the Bridgeton City Hospital. He is also a 
trustee of the Central Methodist Episcopai 
Church of Bridgeton, of the Pennington Sem- 
inary, of the Methodist Episcopal Hospital of 
Philadelphia, and of the Xew Jersey Children's 
Home Society of Trenton. He served as 
president of the Sunday School Teachers' As- 
sociation of Cumberland county, is a member 
of the Sons of the American Revolution. At 
one time he was a member of the school board. 
He served for over thirty years as superintend- 
ent of the primary department in the Sunday 
school of the Central Methodist Episcopal 
Church of Bridgeton, was also one of the class 
leaders for several years, and an ex-president 
of the Young Alen's Christian Association. 
He has also been a member of the state ex- 
ecutive committee of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian .Association. At one time he was a trus- 
tee of Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylva- 
nia, and has been a representative of the New 
Jersey conference to the general conference 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Clement Waters Shoemaker married. May 
28. 1879. Rebecca Ellen, daughter of Joseph 
A. Clark, of Bridgeton. Their children are: 

1. Joseph C. graduate of Princeton L^niver- 
sity, class of 1904; manager of the Boston 
office of the Cumberland Glass Manufacturing 
Company; married Nina, daughter of Ernest 
L. Mulford. of Cedarville. Cumberland county. 

2. Isaac Loper, graduate of Princeton Univer- 
sity, class of 1906; assistant superintendent 
of the Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Cotn- 
pany : married Ruth Anna, daughter of Elam 
Eisenhower, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
and has one child. Ruth Anna. 3. Mary 
Erety, a graduate of Dana Hall. Wellesley. 
Massachusetts, class of 1909. 

According to Burke's Landed 
STOKES Gentry, the Stokes family is of 

Xorman origin and is a branch 
of the ancient and illustrious house of Monte- 
spedon. now believed to be extinct in Nor- 
mandy. From the old documents and records, 
its ancestors must have come over into Eng- 
land shortly after the Conquest, and received 
honors and possessions. The records, how- 
ever, are scanty until the reign of Edward H, 
when the records of the Tower of London tell 
us that Sir Adam de Stokke was seized of the 
manor of Stokke, Rustaball and ^^'ilts. 
Thomas, his eldest son, held the manor of 

Sendee with other lands in Wiltshire, and 
Roger, his second son. the manors of Wolshall, 
Sanarnargritt and Hungerford in the same 
county. Roger and his father, Sir Adam, 
were interred in the church of Great Bedwin 
to which they had been benefactors, and their 
effigies and monuments are still to be seen 
there. John, a descendant of Thomas, rep- 
resented the county in parliament in the reign 
of Charles II, and in the reign of Elizabeth, 
we find the Stockeys (the first change in tin- 
spelling of the name) erected the church or 
chapel of Sendee and lie interred there. In 
the fifteenth century. Christopher Stokes held 
the manors of Stanhawes with other lands in 
Gloucestershire, and Edward Stokes held part 
of the manor of Fetherton at a later period 
together with lands at Langley Burrell, county 
Gloucester. About 1700 John Stokes held the 
manor of Stanhawes Court, Cardington, with 
other lands in the same county. In the coun- 
ties of Gloucester and Bucks Richard Stokes, 
of Cain Castle, Wilts, held considerable pos- 
sessions. Some of the family also held lands 
in Sussex and Kent, and within the last fifty 
years possessed considerable property in the 
counties of Wilts, Gloucester and Warwick. 
The arms of the family are : gules a lion ram- 
pant, double gnewed erm ; Crest: a dove with 
wings expanded, in the mouth an olive branch, 
all proper ; Motto : Fertis qui insons. 

(I) Thomas Stokes, founder of the fam- 
ily in America, was the contemporar}' of 
George Fo.x, the reformer and founder of 
the Society of Friends, and of \\ illiam Penn, 
who was associated with the trustees of Ed- 
ward Byllinge, one of the original proprietors 
of Xew Jersey, and the founder of the Prov- 
ince of Pennsylvania. He was sixteen years 
younger than the former and four years older 
than the latter, a convert to their religious doc- 
trines and toleration, with the largest liberty 
for individual belief, but like all pioneers and 
propagandises desiring to avoid persecution 
and seeking new fields of labor, he concluded 
to remove himself to the New .American colo- 
nies and seek his fortune in the new world. 
His brother. John Stokes, of London, having 
large proprietary interests in West Jersey, bor- 
dering on the Northampton river, Thomas 
settled on a part of the tract conveyed to him 
by his brother. This conveyance of John is 
said to be the only portion of his interest ever 
disjjosed of by him and was doubtless the dis- 
posal of the whole of his interest. Thomas 
Stokes located three hundred acres of land 
fronting on the northerly side of the Xorth- 



anipton river, and a portion of the tract still 
remains in the ijossession of the family hav- 
ing come down from father to son by will. 
Thomas Stokes was a man of influence, and 
very active in the affairs of the colony, serving 
on the first grand jury ever held in Burlington 
county. His wife dying in 1699, he removed 
to Water ford township, Gloucester county, 
and resided there with his son Thomas, until 
his death, 11 of Seventh month 1720. Janu- 
ary 21, 1 7 19, he conveyed his Northampton 
township lands to Abraham Hewlings, Jr., and 
October 13, 1719, he wrote his will. 

The 30th of Tenth month, 1668, Thomas 
Stokes, of Lower Shadwell, married Mary 
Bernard, of Stepney, at the Westbury street 
Friends iMeeting in London. They belonged 
to the Devonshire House Meeting. With his 
wife and young children he set sail for the 
new world in the shi]) "Kent" and arriving at 
New Castle, in the Sixth month, 1677, pro- 
ceeded to Burlington and settled on a tract of 
one hundred and sixty-two and one-half acres 
which he called Stokington. He was one of 
the signers of the concessions and agreements. 
The children of Thomas and Mary (Bernard) 
Stokes were: i. Sarah, married, in 1693, Ben- 
jamin Moore, the emigrant from Birmingham, 
county Lincoln, England, said to have been 
the largest landholder in New Jersey, and the 
one after whom Moorestown is named. 2. 
Alary, married, in 1696, John, son of Robert 
and Mary Hudson, of Burlington. 3. John, 
who is referred to below. 4. Joseph, who died 
in 1760; married (first) Judith, daughter of 
Freedom and Mary (Curtis) Lippincott, and 
(second) Ann (Ashard) Haines, the widow of 
John Haines and the daughter of John Ashard. 
5. Thomas. 

(H) John, third child and eldest son of 
Thomas and Mary (B.ernard) Stokes, was 
born, probably in London, in 1675, and was 
brought to the new world by his father when 
he was about two years old. In 1719 his 
father made liini the sole executor of his will. 
In his "First Emigrant Settlers of Newton 
Township" Judge Clement says, "Nothing is 
known of John Stokes save what may be 
gathered from the records in the office of the 
secretary of state at Trenton." In 1716, an 
inventory of his estate was made, upon which 
is the following endorsement : "Came to his 
end by an unnatural death, in ye lower end of 
Gloucester county." This inventory and en- 
dorsement, however, must refer to some other 
John Stokes as it is hardly possible that 
Thomas Stokes would make a man his sole 

executor three years after his death. It may 
possibly mean that John, the brother of 
Thomas, came also to this country. In 1712, 
John Stokes married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Thomas and Elizabeth Green. She was 
known as Lady Green, and was the grand- 
daughter of Arthur Green, of Bug Brook 
parish, county Northampton, England. She 
came to America it is said in the household of 
Dr. Daniel Wills, in whose care she had been 
placed by her father. Being displeased by her 
marriage to John Stokes, her father disin- 
herited her, and sent her brother John to the 
colony to look after his interests and invest- 
ments in New Jersey. The children of John 
and Elizabeth (Green) Stokes were: i. John, 
who is referred to below. 2. Mary, married 
in 1734, Edward Mullen, and had a grand- 
daughter, Keziah Burr, who married Richard 
Howell, afterwards governor of New Jersey, 
whose granddaughter married Jefferson Davis, ^ 
the president of the Confederate States of 
America. 3. Elizabeth, married Richard 
Blackham. 4. Sarah, married Isaac Rogers. 

(HI) John (2) eldest child and only son 
of John ( I ) and Elizabeth (Green) Stokes, 
was born in Gloucester coimty. New Jersey, 
July 16, 1713, died August 24, 1798. In 1740 
he married Hannah, daughter of Jervis and 
Mary (Sharp) Stogdelle, of Evesham town- 
ship, Burlington county. Her mother was the 
daughter of Hugh Sharp, possibly the brother 
of William of Gloucester county, and John of 
Burlington county, and if so the son of Fran- 
cis Sharp, of Oak Lane, in the parish of St. 
Ann, Limehouse county, Middlesex, England. 
She was born in 1718, died June 16, 1790. 
The children of John and Hannah (Stogdelle) 
Stokes were: i. Mary, born October 16, 1745, 
luarried Isaac Newton. 2. John, August 22, 
1747, married Susanna Newton. 3. David 
who is referred to below. 4. Jarvis, Novem- 
ber 10, 1753, died December 14, 1804; mar- 
ried, November 27, 1773, Elizabeth, daughter 
nf William and Martha (Esturgans) Rogers. 
5. Hannah, October 12, 1756, became the sec- 
ond wife of Joseph Haines and married (sec- 
ond) George Browning. 6. Elizabeth, May 
31, 1759. married George French. 7. Rachel, 
married Joseph Hackney. 

(IV) David, third child and second son of 
John (2) and Hannah (Stogdelle) Stokes, was 
I)()rn in Burlington county, January 12, 1752, 
died there September 27, 1830. He married, 
April 15, 1784, Ann, daughter of John and 
Elizabeth (Barlow) Lancaster, of Gwynedd 
Meeting, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, and the 



granddaughter of Thomas and Phebe (W'or- 
dell) Lancaster. Her grandfather had emi- 
grated from England to America about June, 
171 1, and was married in the W'rightstown fleet- 
ing, Bucks county. Pennsylvania, in October, 
1725. His wife, Phebe, was the daughter of 
John Wordell, a minister among Friends who 
had emigrated from Wales, settled first in 
P)Oston, and later on in Wrightstown. His 
daughter, Phebe (Wordell) Lancaster, died at 
the residence of her son, John, at Richland, 
Pennsylvania, aged over ninety-five years. Her 
luisband. Thomas Lancaster, was a member 
'>f the Richland Meeting and became a distin- 
L,'uished minister in that society. The Meet- 
ing granted him a certificate to travel and 
preach in Barbadoes and the West Indies, and 
having fulfilled his mission, he was returning 
home when he was taken sick and died, being 
l)uried at sea^ about 1750. Ann (Lancaster) 
Stokes died September 25, 1835. The children 
of David and Ann (Lancaster) Stokes were: 
I. Lsrael, born November 7, 1785. married 
Sarah, daughter of Joshua and Elizabeth N. 
( W'oolman ) Borton ; their daughter Elizabeth 
married Henry C. Deacon. 2. John Lancaster, 
February 24, 1788, died in September, 1822; 
married Rachel, daughter of Caleb and Martha 
Burr, and their daughter Martha married Gen- 
eral (ieorge H. Stokes. 3. Charles, who is 
referred to below. 4. David, February 25, 
1794, died January 22, 1817, unmarried. 

( \' ) Qiarles, third child and son of David 
and .\nn (Lancaster) Stokes, was born in 
Beverly township, Burlington county, August 
12, 1791. In his early manhood he taught 
school and engaged in farming, and then 
studied surveying and was one of the head 
surveyors of the Camden and .\mboy railroad. 
He was for some time a member of the state 
legislature and was one of the framers of the 
state constitution. He was also very active 
in promoting and was one of the most influ- 
ential directors of the Movmt Holly Insurance 
I'onipany. "This is Charles Stokes' peculiar- 
ity," saitl a man who knew him well in 1903, 
"He. like the patriarchs of old, is a descendant 
of a long line of cherished and honored an- 
cestry. And as his portion he has inherited 
that little spark ; that certain something ; that 
invisible yet ever present and all pervading 
power, that raises up and throws down who 
it will. That makes honored or dishonored, 
whoever and whenever suits its strange fancy, 
without which none are great, and with which 
none are mean. \'iew him as you will, there 
cannot be found in him anv one art : anv fac- 

ulty : and ability to do a particular thing in a 
peculiar way, whereby those who rise in the 
world usually climb into a place above their 
fellows. And yet, without wealth, without 
office, and without title he has risen to that 
place of prominence where he is one of the 
foremost citizens of his country and state. As 
Abram became Abraham, so is he the honored 
Charles Stokes." He married, October 18, 
1816, Tacy, daughter of William and Ann 
(Lukins) Jarrett. Her great-grandfather, 
John Jarrett, the name is also spelt Garrit, is 
said by some to have come from Holland, and 
by others from the Scottish Highlands. About 
January, 1712, he married Mary, daughter of 
John Lukens, w'ho emigrated in 1684 from 
Criffilt, Germany. Their son, John, who mar- 
ried Alice Conard, was the father of William 
Jarrett, the father of Tacy, the wife of Charles 
Stokes. The children of Charles and Tacy 
(Jarrett) Stokes were; i. David, born Sep- 
tember 18, 1817, died in infancy. 2. Hannah, 
April 30, 1819, married, April 27, 1837, 
Charles Williams. 3. Alice, August 25, 1821, 
married, in 1843, William, son of John R. and 
Letitia Penn (Smith) F'arry. 4. Jarrett, April 
29. 1823, died September 18, 1870: married 
Martha, daughter of \\'illiam and Hannah 
(Rowland) Hilliard. 5. .Anna, .\pril 24. 1825, 
married, 1850, Chalkley .\lbertson. 6. William, 
who is referred to below. 

(\ I) William, sixth and youngest child of 
Charles and Tacy (Jarrett) Stokes, was born 
in Wellingborough township, Burlington 
county, Septeinber 10, 1827. and is now living 
in Mount Holly. For his preparatory edu- 
cation he was sent to the Friends school and 
then he went to .\le.xandria, \'irginia, in order 
to finish his education. Returning to Burl- 
ington county. New Jersey, he engaged in 
farming. He is one of the stockholders of the 
I'nion National- Bank of Mount Holly, and a 
member of the Society of Friends. He mar- 
ried, in 1863, .\nna, daughter of James and 
Rebecca (Spirling) Mcllvaine, of Philadel- 
phia. Their children are: i. James Mcllvaine, 
born September 27, 1865, married Eveline 
Bartlett, and was a farmer and supplied sand 
to Philadelphia. 2. \\'illiam J., married Mar- 
garet, I'aughter of Dr. Perkins, and is engaged 
in the hardware business in New York citv. 

(For first generation see preceding sketch). 

(II) • Thomas (2) youngest 

STOKES child of Thomas (i) and Mary 

( Bernard ) Stokes, was born in 

1682. died November 7, 1736. In 1709 hi 



inircliased froin Jiilin Kay, of Springwell. 
llirce hundred acres of land in W'aterford. 
now Delaware township, Camden county. 
Kew Jersey, bounded on the south side by the 
north branch of Cooper's creek, extending on 
both sides of a tributary of the same, and in- 
cluding what is now some of the best soil in 
the neighborhood. On this tract he settled, 
his house standing near wdiat was about thirty 
years ago the home of Mark Ballingcr. This 
settlement was in the midst of an Indian neigh- 
borhood, and it was not until after the middle 
o; the nineteenth century that the last of the 
a ^original dwellers passed away, and the re- 
n ains of their burying ground may still be 
seen near Tindall's run, east of the Haddon- 
fteld and Berlin road. In 1704 Thomas 
Stokes married (first) Deliverance, daughter 
of Isaac and Lydia Horner, of Northampton 
townshij), Burlington county, whose sister 
Hannah was the first wife of John, son of 
William Matlack, the emigrant. -She died be- 
tween 1 713 and 1 71 5. and bore her husband 
six cliildren: I. Hannah, born July, 1705, died 
in childhood. 2. Joseph, July 12, 1706. 3. 
Benjamin, January 27, 1708. who went to 
North Carolina, and has sometimes been con- 
fused with his father. 4. Lydia, July 13, 1710, 
married (first) 1734, Samuel Haines, and 
(second) Jacob Eamb. 5. Thomas, Novem- 
ber 5, 171 1, married, 1741. Abigail, daughter 
of John, son of William Matlack, the emi- 
grant, by his second wife Alary Lee. 6. De- 
liverance, September 18. 17 13. married Darling 
Conrow. September i, 171 3, Thomas Stokes 
married ( second ) Rachel, daughter of Job and 
Rachel Wriglit, of Oyster Bay or Westbury, 
Long Island, who died February 18, 1742, 
having borne her husband eight children : 7. 
Joshua, referred to below. 8. Rachel, Octo- 
ber 15, 17 1 7, married, September 7, 1734. John 
Cowpertiiwait. 9. Job, ( Jctober 13, 1717, twin 
with Rachel. 10. I lannah, June 26, 17K;, mar- 
ried F>enjamin I'ine. 11. Jaccb, March 21. 
1 72 1, married, 1749. IViscilla t'lllis. 12. 
Keziah, January 25, 1724, married, 1730, Jo- 
seph I'row^ning. 13. John, November i, 1724, 
married, 1 75 1, .•\nn Chamjiion, a widow, pos- 
silily of Peter Chamjiion and the daughter of 
William and Sarah (Collins) Ellis. 14. 
Rosanna, May 2, 1728. married. May 19, 1748, 
.Samuel, son of Samuel and .Abigail (Ward) 

(Ill) Joshua, eldest cjiild of Thomas and 
Rachel ( Wright 1 .Stokes, was born in Water- 
ford townshijj, Camden county. New Jersey. 
Ai^ril 6, 17 16, died there in 1779. .After the 

death of his father he occupied the homestead 
for the remainder of his own life. December 

10, 1741, he married Amy, daughter of John 
and Sarah Hinchman, and the great-grand- 
daughter of a Huguenot of Flushing, Long 
Island, whose children had removed into New 
Jersey. Her grandparents were John Hinch- 
man and Sarah, daughter of Samuel Harrison, 
of Flushing, and her great-grandparents were 
John and Sarah Hinchman, of Flushing, who 
came from France. The surname is a very 
curious example of the racial group of names, 
it being really a corruption of the word 
"I'renchman" and the first instance of it oc- 
curring in the Flushing census of 1698, where 
the emigrant is listed among the Frenchmen 
in the town. The children of Joshua and 
.\my (Hinchman) Stokes w'ere : i. John, re- 
ferred to below. 2. Rachel, married Nathaniel 
Barton. 3. Elizabeth, married Jacob, son of 
Charles and Ann French. 4. Hannah, married 
(first) Haddon, son of Ebenezer and Sarah 
(Lord) Hopkins, and (second) Abraham, son 
of .\braham and Sarah Inskeep. 5. Thomas, 
born 1742, died 1831 ; married Sarah, daugh- 
ter of .\braliam and Sarah Inskeep. 6. Sam- 
uel, married (first) 1774, .Atlantic, daughter 
of William and Alary (Turner) Matlack. and 
(second) Hope, daughter of Robert and Mar- 
tha Hunt. 7. Jacob, married Esther Wilkins. 
8. Joshua, married Syllania. daughter of Dan- 
iel and Rebecca (Prickitt) Bishop. 

( I\') John, eldest child of Joshua and .Amy 
(Hinchman) Stokes, was born in W'aterford 
township, Camden county, but removed into 
Burlington county, where he died. Pie mar- 
ried iieulah, daughter of John and Mary 
(.Slireve) Haines, granddaughter of Nathan 
Haines and .Sarah, daughter of Francis and 
.Mary (Borton) .Austin. Nathan was the son 
of William Haines and Sarah, daughter of 
John Paine, of Burlington, in 1695, the emi- 
grant. William was the son of Richard 
and .Margaret Haines, the emigrants. The 
children of John and lieulah (Haines) 
Slnkis were: i. Caleb, born 1782, mar- 
ried, 1803, Ruth, daughter of Levi and 
llatuiah (Reeve) Shinn. and great-great- 
granddaughter of Thomas and Mary (Stock- 
tun ) .Shinn. 2. Samuel, 1784, married Mary 

11. Mathison. 3. Isaac, 1787. married (first) 
Lydia, daughter of Job and Elizabeth (Ball- { 
inger) Mason-Collins, and (second) Alary, 
daughter of Levi and Hannah Ballingcr and 
widow of Job Collins. 4. ^Villiam, referred 
to below. 5. Alary, 1792, married Job, son of 
Amaziah and Hannah (Prickitt) Lippincott, 




and granddaughter of John and EHzabeth 
( Elkinton ) Lippincott. 6. Atlantic, 1794. 
married Daniel Hurley. 7. Rachel, who died 
in childhood. 

(V) William, fourth child and son of John 
and Beulah (Haines) Stokes, was born in 
1790. He was a master shoemaker in Med- 
ford, Burlington county, New Jersey. He had 
a large establishment that employed a number 
of hands and supplied the Camden county 
towns of Winslow, Atco and Waterford with 
shoes. He followed this trade all his life, 
living and dying in Medford. He was a Whig 
in politics and in religion a Hicksite Friend. 
He married (first) Ann, daughter of Isaac 
Wilson and Phebe, daughter of Samuel and 
Ann Middleton, and granddaughter of John 
and Mary Wilson. Their nine children were : 
I. Ilarclay Wilson, born August 18, 1815, mar- 
ried Hannah Ann, daughter of Caleb and Hope 
( Lippincott) Haines, who after his death mar- 
ried ( second ) Andrew Criscom. 2. Phebe 
Middleton, March 2, 1817, married (first) 
Edward lirown, and (second) James Roberts, - 
3. \\'ilson, referred to below. 4. Caspar, No- 
vember 25, 1821, died unmarried, 5. Whitall, 
October 10, 1823, married Almira Carman. 6. 
Alfred. March 28, 1826, died in childhood. 7. 
Isaac Wilson, May 15, 1828, married (first) 
Mary Ann, daughter of Job Lippincott and 
Mary, daughter of John and Beulah (Haines) 
Stokes, referred to above, and (second) Annie, 

daughter of Charles and (Hoopes) 

Cooper. 8. Beulah, September 17, 1830, mar- 
ried Mark, son of Daniel and Dorothy (Strat- 
ton) Zelley, grandson of Daniel and Bath- 
sheba (Braddock) Zelley, and great-grand- 
son of Rehoboam and Jemima (Darnell) 
Braddock. 9. Edwin H., married Matilda 
Kemble, and whose son, Edward Caspar, is 
an ex-governor of the state of New Jersey. 
William Stokes married ( second ) Hannah 
Livezey, who bore him no children. 

(\'I ) Wilson, third child and second son of 
William and .\nn ( Wilson ) Stokes, was born 
in Medford, Burlington county, September I, 
1819, died there May 22, 1896. He received 
his education in the Medford select school of 
the Hicksite Friends, but he afterwards joined 
the Methodist Episcopal church. For a num- 
ber of years he was deputy clerk in the Burl- 
ington county clerk's office, and then he took 
a position in the bank at Medford as teller and 
bookkeeper, becoming later assistant cashier, 
and eventually succeeding Jonathan Oliphant 
as cashier, which position he held until his own 
death. His connection with the bank thus ex- 

tended over forty years. He was also a di- 
rector in the Burlington County Safe Deposit 
and Trust Company of Moorestown. At his 
death he was succeeded in his position as di- 
rector by his brother, Isaac Wilson Stokes, 
who in turn gave place to Henry P. Thorn, of 
Medford. Mr. Stokes was a Methodist' local 
preacher for many years, preaching almost 
every Sunday in the town adjoining Medford. 
In politics he was a Republican. In 1843 
\\ ilson Stokes married Eleanor, daughter of 
Samuel McKenney, who has borne him three 
children: I. William Wilson, referred to 
below. 2. Barclay Lippincott, proprietor and 
manager of the Damp-wash Laundry Com- 
pany of Trenton, New Jersey, who married 
Hannah Beatty. 3. Charles Wesley, living in 
Collinswood, New Jersey, is chief clerk of the 
West Jersey and Seashore railroad, with his 
office in Broad street station, Philadelphia, who 
married a Miss Getty. 

( \'II ) William W'ilson, eldest child of Wil- 
son and Eleanor (McKenney) Stokes, was 
born in \'inccntown, Burlington county, New 
Jersey, in October, 1844, and is now living 
in Moorestown, New Jersey. He was edu- 
cated in the Medford select schools and the 
Pennington Seminary, Pennington, New Jer- 
sey. He then went into the drug store of 
Isaac Wilson Stokes, his uncle, the same store 
now occupied at Medford by Henry P. Thorn. 
Here he remained for six years, and then he 
went to New Egypt, New Jersey, in 1866, and 
started in the drug business for himself. Ten 
years later he returned to Medford, and in 
1876 went into the Medford Bank to assist 
his father, becoming receiving teller, and book- 
keeper of the general ledger. Nine years later 
he removed to Moorestown and organized the 
Moorestown National Bank, which opened for 
business September 14, 1885, Mr. Stokes being 
appointed the cashier, which position he still 
holds, being the first and only cashier the in- 
stitution has ever had. In 1890 Mr. Stokes 
organized the Burlington County Safe De- 
posit and Trust Company in Xloorestown, 
New Jersey, and was made its secretary and 
treasurer, which offices he held until 1902, 
when he was elected president and trust officer, 
which he still is. His place as secretary and 
treasurer was given to William R. Lippincott, 
who married Tacie, daughter of Chalkley and 
Anna (Stokes) Albertson, and granddaughter 
of Charles and Tacy (Jarrett) Stokes. Mr, 
Stokes is also a director in the Moorestown 
\\'ater Company. In 1909 he was foreman 
of the reform grand jury of Burlington county. 



He is a Re])ublican. and attends the Methodist 
Episcopal church, of which he is the president 
of the board of trustees. He is also a member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows at 
New Egypt, New Jersey. In 1868 William 
Wilson Stokes married Mary Hartshorn, 
daughter of Anthony and Elizabeth Rogers, of 
New Egypt, who has borne him one son, 
Charles Wilson, referred to below. 

(\'III) Charles Wilson, only child of Will- 
iam Wilson and Mary Hartshorn (Rogers) 
.Stokes, was born in New Egypt, in 1869, and 
is now living in Moorestown. He was edu- 
cated in the New Egypt select schools. He 
began his business career in the Moorestown 
National Bank upon its organization, became 
and now is its receiving teller and general 
ledger bookkeeper. He is a member of the 
F. and A. M., a charter member of the B. P. 
O. E., No. 848, of Mt. Holly, and is a Repub- 
lican in politics. He married Estella Dager, 
daughter of Samuel S. and Keturah G. (Stock- 
ton) Dager, who has borne him one child, 
Keturah Gertrude, born March 31, 1893. 

(For ancestry see Thomas Stokes 1). 

(V) Israel, son of David and 
STOKES Ann (Lancaster) Stokes, was 
born the /th day of the nth 
month, 1785, and married Sarah, daughter of 
Joshua and Elizabeth N. (Woolman) Borton. 
They had five children: i. Susan, married 
George Williams. 2. Benjamin R. (see post). 
3. Ann L., married William S. Emley. 4. 
Israel, married Caroline Green. 5. Elizalu-th. 
married Henry C. Deacon. 

(\T) Benjamin R., son of Israel and Sarah 
(Borton) Stokes, married Sarah Zelley, and 
had four children: i. Abraham Z. (see post). 
2. lioward, married Sarah Hendrickson. 3. 
Rebecca, married Amos Evans, 4. Sarah, 
married Henry Kelley. 

(VII) .\braham Zelley, son of licnjamin R. 
and Sarah (Zelley) Stokes, was born in Jack- 
sonville, New Jersey, July 16, 1842, and died 
March i, 1900. lie was educated in the 
schools of his native town and also in Pliila- 
deli)hia, and in business life was a farmer in 
Jacksonville, having succeeded to possession 
of the farm formerly owned and occupied by 
his father. During the years 1875-76 he was 
proprietor of a mercantile business at Colum- 
Dus, New Jersey. He was a man of good 
business ca])acity, straightforward in all of his 
dealings, upright in his daily walk, a consist- 
ent member of the Society of Friends, and in 
politics an independent Democrat. He mar- 

ried, in 1870, Hannah P. Flaines, born in Jack- 
sonville, Alay 17, 1848, and by her had two 
children: i. Elwood H. (see post). 2. Cora 
D., born February 23, 1878. 

( VHI ) Elwood Haines, only son of Abra- 
ham Zelley and Hannah P. (Haines) Stokes, 
was born in Jacksonville, New Jersey, Novem- 
ber 24, 1873, and received a good early edu- 
cation in public schools and a business training 
in the College of Commerce, Philadelphia. He 
afterward for a time worked his father's farm, 
and in 1903 started in business on his own ac- 
count as a general coal dealer in JMt. Holly, 
where he has since lived. In politics Mr. 
Stokes is inclined to be independent with Dem- 
ocratic leanings, but does not take an active 
interest in public affairs. He is a member and 
past grand of Unity Lodge, No. 19, I. O. O. F. 
of Mt. Holly, and member of Mt. Holly Lodge, 
Xo. 848. I). P. O. E. He also is a member 
of the Society of Friends. Mr. Stokes mar- 
ried, June 14, 1900, Bessie, daughter of Joshua 
and Martha Matlack, and has two children: i. 
Bessie M., born February 8, 1901. 2. Elwood 
H. Jr.. .\ugust 14, 1902. 

This name, spelled in as many as 
WEEKS sixty different ways, among them 

Weices, Wikes, Wix, Wick, de 
W yke and \'an Wyck, was first taken by one 
William de Wrey, who about 1370 married 
Katherine Burnell, in England, and from her 
father inherited the Manor of North Wyke. 
The name was by him spelled Wyke or Wykes, 
and a long line of knights descended from him. 
though the last male in direct line died in 1713. 
In the year 1635, four brothers, George, 
Thomas, Francis and Joseph Weeks, sailed 
from England ; George settled at Dorchester. 
Massachusetts, Thomas at Huntington, Long 
Island, Francis at Oyster Bay, Long Island 
and Joseph was drowned in the landing. 

( I ) George Weeks was living in Devon- 
shire, England, shortly before the time of his 
sailing for .America, as his name was affixed 
to the will of his brother-in-law, William 
Clap, of Salcombe Regis, as witness. He was 
l)orn about 1596, as at the time of his sailing 
he is described as about forty years of age. 
December 21, 1639, he was admitted to the 
church at Dorchester, he became a freeman the 
following year, and held the office of selectman 
in 1645-47-48. Besides cultivating his land, 
he was several times employed by the town in 
laying out its boundaries and roads. He died 
December 28, 1650. George Weeks married 
jane Clap, sister of the famous Roger Clap; 



they were descendants of Osgood Clapa, a 
Danish nobleman of the court of King Canute, 
who ruled England 1017 to 1036. After the 
death of her husband she married, as his sec- 
ond wife, Jonas Humphrey; he died March 
19. 1662, and she died August 2, 1668. George 
and Jane Weeks had five children, the first 
four born in England, the fifth in Dorchester, 
as follows: Thomas, born probably in 1G26; 
William; Jane, married Benjamin Bates, of 
Hingham, Massachusetts ; Ammiel ; Joseph. 

( II ) Ammiel, third son of George and Jane 
(Clap) Weeks, was born in 1632-33, in Eng- 
land, and was brought by his parents to Dor- 
chester, when an mfant; he died April 20, 
1679, at Dorchester. He was admitted to the 
church in 1656, took the oath of allegiance and 
became freeman May 6, 1657, at which time he 
held land in Dorchester, and in 1673 was con- 
stable. Like his father, he often held com- 
missions to locate boundaries. He married 
Elizabeth, thought to be daughter of William 
Aspinwall, born in Boston in 1633, died April 
10, 1723, and their children were: William, 
baptized August 26, 1655; Elizabeth, Septem- 
ber 14, 1656, died young; Elizabeth, October 
17, 1657, died in 1709-10, unmarried; Thank- 
ful, born April 24, 1660; Ammiel, September 
15, 1662; Ebenezer; Joseph, September 3, 
1667 ; Supply, August 26, 1671 ; Thomas, No- 
vember 20. 1673, enlisted in the expedition to 
Canada, and it is supposed he died as the 
effect of exposure; Hannah, May 14, 1676, 
died .-\ugust 3, 1683. 

(HI) Ebenezer, third son of Ammiel and 
Elizabeth ( Aspinwall ) Weeks, was born May 
15, baptized May 28. 1665, at Dorchester, 
Alassacluisetts, and removed to Boston, where 
he was a tailor, and died prior to 171 1-12. He 
was admitted to the church at Dorchester, 
March 21, 1685-86. He married. May 8, 
1689, Deliverance, daughter of William Sum- 
ner, of Boston, born March 18, 1669, died 
March 21, 1711-12. a widow. She was sister 
of his brother Joseph's wife, Sarah Sumner. 
Their children were: William; Jane born 
March 29, 1692; Ebenezer, November 23. 
died December 8, 1693; Elizabeth, October 25, 
1694, died .\pril 5, 1695; Hannah, January 5, 
i6c)3-o6: Ebenezer, September 17, 1699. 

(IN) William, the oldest son of Ebenezer 
and Deliverance (Sumner) Weeks, was born 
February 20, 1689-90, at Boston, Massachu- 
setts, and died in 1749-50, at Portland, Maine. 
He was admitted as an inhabitant of Fal- 
mouth, Maine. December 14. 1727, on pay- 
ment of ten pounds, and lived on Chebeague 

Island, Casco Bay; in 1744 he removed to 
what was called "The Neck," later incorpo- 
rated as part of Portland. He married Sarah 
Tukekee, or Tukey. of Dorchester, and their 
children were : William, Lemuel, Abigail, 
Esther and Ann. 

( \' ) Lemuel, second son of William and 
Sarah (Tukey or Tukekee) Weeks, was born 
in 1727-28, at Falmouth, Maine, where he be- 
came a merchant. He married Peggy, daugh- 
ter of James Coding, and their children were : 
James ; Elizabeth, born about 1754-55 : Lemuel, 
about 1757; Lydia, about 1759-60; Joseph; 
-Sarah ; Susannah. 

( \T ) Joseph, third son of Lemuel and 
Peggy (Coding) Weeks, was born November 
10, 1762, at Falmouth, Maine, where he be- 
came a ship-master; he died at sea, July 19, 
I7g7. He married, November 25, 1784, Lois 
Freeman, born February 18, 1760, dieil Janu- 
ary 26, 1829, and their children were: Joseph, 
born August 3, 1785, died unmarried Decem- 
ber 3, 1865 ; Eunice, January 18, 1787, died 
unmarried December 19, 1872; Daniel, Sep- 
tember 3, 1788, was unmarried, and lost at 
sea in February, 1815; Mary, born June 10 
or II, 1791, died March 5 or 6, 1794; Joshua 

(\'II) Joshua Freeman, third and youngest 
son of Joseph and Lois (Freeman) Weeks, 
was born December 10, 1793, at Portland, 
Maine, where he received his education, and 
there he learned the trade of cooper. Later, 
however, he engaged in the grocery business, 
which he carried on for a period of fifty years, 
and at the age of seventy years retired from 
business life. He died October 13, 1875, in 
Portland, in the house in which he was born 
and where all his life was spent, and his 
funeral was conducted by the order of .-\ncient 
Free and Accepted Masons, of which he was 
an honored member. Mr. Weeks was promi- 
nent in all movements for the progress and de- 
velopment of his native town, and in political 
views was first a Whig and later a Republican. 
He was at one time treasurer, and later presi- 
dent, of the Aged Brotherhood. He served 
as member of the city council of Portland, and 
was a prominent citizen of the town. He 
married, November 21, 181 5, Elizabeth Inger- 
soll Mitchell, born February 21, 1795, died 
October 21. 1883, and their children were: 
Joseph Lemuel, bom July 9, 1817; William, 
"November 27, 1819; Mary and Elizabeth, 
twins, April 11, 1822; Lois, March 6, 1824; 
Joshua, November 26, 1826; Edward, June 12, 
1829; George, June 16, 1832, died August 19 



1833; Robert Mitchell: Harriet, October 18, 
1836; Maria Louisa, October 13, 1840. 

(\ III ) Robert Alitchell, sixth and youngest 
son of Joshua Freeman and Elizabeth 1. 
(Michell) Weeks, was born July 9, 1834, at 
Portland, Alaine, where after receiving his edu- 
cation he began working in a jewelry store, but 
later entered the employ of the Locomotive 
Works and there learned trade of machinist, 
which he followed most of his life. After 
working some time in Portland, at the out- 
break of the war he enlisted in April, iS'n. 
in Company C, First Maine, which was later 
changed to Tenth Maine, and finally became 
Twenty-ninth Maine; he served two years, 
being mustered out in 1863. With his regi- 
ment he took ])art in some of the most import- 
ant engagements of the struggle; he was at 
one time in Washington guarding the Balti- 
more & Ohio railroad, and was made sergeant 
of his company. He took part in the battles 
of .\ntictam and Gettysburg, was taken pris- 
oner at the battle of Cedar Mountain and was 
wounded at the battle of Winchester, after 
which he was taken to the hospital. LTpon his 
recovery he was made commissary sergeant. 
Cpon leaving the service, Mr. Weeks removed 
to fMiiladelphia and entered the employ of F>ald- 
win Locomotive Works, wdiich position he held 
for twenty-five years, although in 1867 he took 
up his residence in Ivivcrside, New Jersey, 
which is still his hcime. lie has for .some years 
bcin retired from active business, and lives 
in the house iiuilt by him more than forty years 
since. In jiolitical views he is Republican. He 
has won many friends and enjoys the respect 
of all who know him. Mr. Weeks married, 
October 22, 1863, at Hagerstown, Maryland, 
Caroline lierner, born March 7, 1837, and they 
have three children : i. Joshua Freeman, born 
December 24, 1864, in Philadelphia, is a con- 
tractor, and is connected with the ISaldwin 
I,ocomotive Works, of Philadelphia. He mar- 
ried lUrtha Sclu-11. of Riverside, New Jersey, 
and they have a daughter, Maria. 2. Edward 
Mitchell, born .August 20, 1866, at Philadel- 
])hia : resides at Washington, District of Colum- 
i)ia. where he is a ])atent lawyer, and is cm- 
ployed in the bureau of engraving. He mar- 
ried Mary Wolcott, and they have three chil- 
dren : Robert, Dorothy and Ruth. 3. Emma 
Pauline, born September 13, 1870. at Riverside, 
New Jersey; is a physician ; she married Will- 
iam H. Metzger, of New York, foreman in 
the Watch Case Works, in Riverside, New 
Jersey, and they have one son, Joshua Free- 

This word signifies "keeper 
WOODWARD of the forest," and has been 
used in England as a sur- 
name almost from the date of the first use of 
surnames. It is said the family goes back to 
the time of the conquest, and certainly the 
family in England had many noble representa- 
tives. They settled in all parts of New Eng- 
land, in early days, as well as in New York, 
New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and as a race 
they have been patriotic and valuable citizens, 
fighting for their country when duty called, 
and working for its progress and development. 
( I ) Richard Woodward, born about 1589,, 
in England, took passage at Ipswich, in the 
ship "Elizabeth," William .Andrews, master, 
.April 10, 1634, for Boston, bringing with him 
his wife and two sons, George and John, aged 
fifteen and thirteen years, respectively. His 
age is given as forty-five and his wife's as 
fifty. He became one of the proprietors of 
Watertown, his name being found in the first 
list of that town : he became possessed of two 
homelots, containing ten and twelve acres, and 
also twelve lots, amounting to about three hun- 
dred and ten acres. September 8, 1648, he 
bought of Edward Holbrook a mill in Boston, 
at which time he is described as of Boston, 
and he sold same December 26, 1648, to Will- 
iam .Aspinwall. He became freeman at Water- 
town. September 2, 1635 ; in 1660 he resided at 
Cambridge. Richard Woodward died Febru- 
ary 16, 1665, aged seventy-six years. His 
wife. Rose, died October 6, 1662, at the age of 
eighty, and he afterward married .Ann, widow 
of Stephen Gates, of Cambridge, born in 1603 ; 
their marriage settlement was dated .April 13, 
1663. He had but two children, George and 
Ji>hn, children of his first wife. 

( II ) (ieorge. the older of the two sons of 
Richard and Rose Woodward, was born in 
England, about 1619, coming in boyhood with 
his parents to Watertown; he died May 31. 
1676, and his inventory showed him owning 
property to the amount of one hundred and 
forty-three poimds, ten shillings. He w-as 
selectman in ir/)4. By his first wife, Mary, 
he had eight children, and he married (sec- 
ond) .August 17, iCic^^). Elizabeth, daughter of 
Thomas and Elizabeth Hammond, of New- 
ton, Massachusetts; her father left to her, in 
his will, proved in 1(175, one hundred acres of 
land on Muddy River. .After the death of 
George Woodward she married Samuel Trus- 
dale. George Woodward's children were : 
Mary, born .August 12, 1641 ; Sarah. February 
6, 1642-43 ; Amos ; Rebecca, December 30, 



1647: John; Susanna, September 30, 165 1; 
Daniel, September 2, 1653; Alary, June 3, 
1656; George, September 11, 1660; Thomas, 
September 15, 1662, died in 1666; Elizabeth, 
May 8, 1664; Nathaniel, died May 28, i668; 
and Sarah, born October 3, 1675. 

(III) John, second son of George and Mary 
Woodward, was born March 28, 1649, and 
lived at Xcwton ; his will is dated February 
26, 1727-28. He married (first) Rebecca, 
daughter of Richard Robbins, of Cambridge, 
who died, probably, in 1686, and married 
(second) July 7, 1686, Sarah Bancroft, of 
Reading, who died September 22, 1723. His 
children were : John, born September 7, died 
September 22, 1674; John, born July 18, 1675; 
Richard, December 26, 1677; Rebecca, Octo- 
ber 29, 1679, died March 14, 1681-82; Daniel, 
born September 22, 1681 ; Rebecca, February 
2, 1682-83: Mary, October 6, 1684, died June 
15, 1689; Jonathan, September 28, 1685; 
Joseph; Ebenezer, March 12, 1690-91 ; Abigail, 
May 25, 1695. 

(IV) Joseph, sixth son of John and Sarah 
(Bancroft) Woodward, was born November 
26. 1688: died May 30, 1727; in his will, dated 
May 13, 1727, he is described as of Windham, 
but in his inventory he is described as of Can- 
terbury, his family records being found in both 
places and he probably resided between them. 
He bought land at Canterbury, Connecticut, 
the deed for same being dated June 10, 1710, 
and his removal from Newton, Massachusetts, 
to Canterbury, probably took place about that 
time, with his brothers, John and Richard. ■ He 
married, June 24, 1714, Elizabeth Silsby, who 
died May 22, 1727, a few days before his own 
death. Their children were : Abigail, born 
May 13, 1715, died May 4. 1727; Bethia, Feb- 
ruary 6, 1716-17; Elizabeth, January 9, 1723- 
24 ; Joseph. 

(\') Joseph (2), only son of Joseph ( i ', 
and Elizabeth (Silsby) Woodward, was born 
January 21, or February 2, 1725; died July 8, 
1814; he removed from Windham to Ashford, 
Connecticut, and died at the latter place. Dur- 
ing his residence in Windham he served the 
town in many public offices, and after remov- 
ing to Ashford was honored with various pub- 
lic offices during a period of twenty-six years ; 
his first nine children were born at Windham, 
the other two at .\shford. He married, May 
19, 1748. Elizabeth, daughter of Captain John 
and Elizabeth (Bushnel!) Perkins, of Nor- 
wich, Connecticut, born May 19, 1733, and 
their children were : Elizabeth, born May 22, 
1749: Joseph, May 26, 1751, a soldier in the 

revolution ; Jason, July 19, 1753, also a soldier ; 
John; Martha, August 13, 1757; William, No- 
vember 14, 1759; Abner, January 10, 1762; 
I'hineas, June 3, 1764, died 1776; Othniel, 
.September 8. 1766; Perkins Bushnell, August 
17, 1770; and Levi, August 19, 1773. 

(VI) John (2), third son of Joseph (2) 
and Elizabeth (Perkins) Woodward, was born 
June 10, 1755: died February 20, 1844; he 
served in the revolutionary war, and at the 
time of his death was living at Bloomingburg, 
New York. He married, April 24, 1783, Han- 
nah, daughter of Timothy Bicknell, of Ash- 
ford, and their children were : Orinda, born 
July 18, 17S5: Lydia, June 16, 1787; Timothy, 
March 31, 1790: William. January 5, 1792; 
Benjamin, Alarch 14, 1796; John, May 29, 
1798: Hannah, March 17, 1799; Betsey, Octo- 
ber 23, 1800, died February 23, 1802; Lucius C. 

( \'H ) Lucius C, fifth and youngest son of 
John (2) and Hannah (Bicknell) Woodward, 
was born September 3, 1803, in Ulster county. 
New York; died in 1888, at Middletown, 
Orange county. New Jersey. He married Abi- 
gail Bingham, and their children were : J. 
Bingham ; Emeline, deceased ; William W., 
im])orter and jobber of hardware, lives at 
.Vewton, Sussex county, New Jersey, he mar- 
ried Mary Johnson, and their children are: 
Henry )., William W., Jr., J. Bingham, Cath- 
erine J. and .\nna ; Hannah, of Newton, New 

( \TII ) James Bingham, eldest son of Lucius 
C. and Abigail (I)ingham) Woodward, was 
born May 25, 1830, at Wallkill, near Middle- 
ton, New York, where he received his educa- 
tion. He has been working on his own account 
since a boy, and in 1850 removed to Borden- 
town. New Jersey, where he began working on 
the Delaware and Raritan canal, with which 
he has since been identified ; he now has charge 
of the transportation of boats through the 
canal. He was for thirty-five years a member 
of the state board of education, and is treas- 
urer of the following institutions : State Nor- 
mal School, of Trenton, New Jersey ; Farnum 
Preparatory School, at Beverly; State Indus- 
trial School (colored), at Bordentown, and 
State Normal School, at Montclair, "New 
Jersey. He succeeded Mahlon Hutchinson as 
president of the Bordentown Banking Com- 
pany, and has held this position now for four- 
teen years. In religious views he is Epis- 
copalian, and is very active in church work, 
having been a member of the standing com- 
mittee of the diocese for the last twenty-four 
years. Mr. Woodward married, June 23, 1868, 



at Washington. District of Columbia, Anna E., 
(langlitcr of John Appel, of Easton. Pennsyl- 
vania, who died January 13. 1903. and they had 
one child, Richard C. 

(IX ) Richard C, only child of James Bing- 
ham and Anna E. (Appel) Woodward, was 
born A])ril 16, 1873, at Bordentown, New 
Jersey ; he received his finishing education at 
the liordentown Military Institute, and the 
Trenton Business College. In 1892 he entered 
business life in company with his father, as 
manager, of transportation through the Dela- 
ware and Raritan canal. He is an enterpris- 
ing and public spirited young man, and takes 
a keen interest in public affairs. In political 
views he is a Democrat, and he is an Epis- 
copalian in religion. He is affiliated with the 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, belonging 
to .Mount Moriah Lodge, No. 28; Mount Mor- 
iah Chapter. No. 20, and Ivanhoe Commandery. 
Knights Templar, No. 11, of Bordentown. He 
is a member of the Crescent Temple, Mystic 
.Shrine, of Trenton., and has the following 
honors : Past master, past high priest, eminent 
commander, and is a member of all the grand 
bodies, besides being assistant grand lecturer 
of the Grand Chapter. At tlie meeting of the 
Grand Lodge of Masons at Trenton he was 
elected junior grand warden. He is unmar- 
ried, and residt's with his father at Borden- 

Many of this name came from 
^\ I'^LLS France to England at the time of 

the coni|uest, one of the most 
[irominent being Richard de Quille, as the 
name was often spelled. He crossed the Eng- 
lish channel and took part in the battle of 
Hastings, and in recognition of his services 
received a manor in Dorsetshire, where he 
established a branch of the family. Several 
others of the name came from Normandy at 
about the same time and a little later. In the 
seventeenth century many emigrated to Amer- 
ica, where the name was held by men in all 
walks of life. They have contributed a large 
share towards the settletnent and develo])meni 
of all parts of the country. The family here 
descni'>ed has been represented in the state of 
New Jersey for several generations, winning 
an honorable place, and becoming useful and 
valuable citizens. They were of the Quaker 

( I) William Wells was born in Vincentown. 
New Jersey, his wife's maiden name was Col- 
cutt, and they had children as follows : Sarah. 
Margaret, Mary Ann and Joseph. 

(II ) Joseph, son of William Wells, was also 
born in \'incentown, and died in Pemberton. 
New Jersey. He was for some time steward 
of Pennington Seminary and of the Burlington 
almshouse. Joseph Wells married Rebecca, 
daughter of \'incent Sleeper, of Vincentown, 
and there children were: i. William A., em- 
ployed in the chancery office at Trenton. 2, 
Sarah, who died in childhood. 3. Joseph, who 
was a prominent attorney of Trenton ; died in 
1880. 4. Davis Coward. 

( III ) Davis Coward, son of Joseph and Re- 
becca ( Sleeper) Wells, was born January 20, 
1844, at \'incentown. New Jersey, and now 
lives in Pemberton, New Jersey, having retired 
from active bu.siness. He received his educa- 
tion in Pennington Seminary and in Easton 
Business College, of Brooklyn, New York, and 
engaged in the hardware business in New York 
City. Later he embarked in the drug business, 
and for twenty years had a drug store at Pem- 
berton and Columbus, New Jersey. He has 
served as mayor of Pemberton, and is a highly 
respected citizen of that town. He is a Re- 
publican in politics, and of the Quaker faith. 
Mr. Wells married Mary, daughter of Dr. 
Aaron and Emma Oliphant Reid, of Pember- 
ton, New- Jersey, and they became parents of 
children as follows: i. Raymond, salesman 
for the drug firm of Mulford & Company, of 
Pittsburg. 2. Harold B. 3. Ada, married R.H. 
.\aronson, a dealer in real estate and insurance, 
at Bordentown, New Jersey. 4. Dr. Edgar 
residing at Elmore, Pennsylvania. 5. Cecil, r. 
student in I^hiladelpliia. 6. Marguerite. 7. 
Helen, who died in childhood. 

(IV) Harold Bertrand, son of Davis Cow- 
ard and Mary (Reid) Wells, was born Febru- 
ary 23, 1876, at Pemberton, New Jersey, and 
received his education in public and private 
schools. He graduated from Peddie Institute, 
of Hightstown. with high honors, in 1894, and 
in 1898 graduated with honors from Princeton 
College. At Princeton he had the honor to 
secure the George W. Potts Bible prize, offered 
to the student standing the best examination 
on the ethics of the New Testament. Besides 
Ix'ing a noted athlete while attending college, 
Mr. Wells was popular socially, and his genial, 
sunny nature is .shown by the fact that he was 
voted to be the funniest man in his class, .\fter 
leaving college Mr. Wells spent two years in 
the law office of McGee, Bedle & Bedle, and 
later studied in the office of Eckard P. Budd. 
of Mt. Holly. lie was admitted to the New- 
Jersey bar in June, 1902, and immediately 
entered into practice at Bordentown, where he 



has met with gratifying success. He has justi- 
fied the contidence of his many friends in his 
prospects and has shown great zeal and energy 
in the performance of his duties. At the pres- 
ent time he is a member of the school board 
of liordentown, and acts as counsel for several 
municipalities. In |)olitics he is a Republican. 
He is a member of the Methodist church, and 
acted as trustee of the society in Pemberton. 
He belongs to Alount Moriah Lodge, Xo. 28, 
Ancient F"ree and Accepted Masons. 

Mr. Wells married, April 25, 1905, Grace 
Ashton. daughter of William H. and Eliza 
Yard Hiesler, of Pemberton, born in Phila- 
delphia, and they have two children, namely : 
Harold B., Jr., born June 2, 1906, and Eliza- 
beth Hiesler, born November 30, 1908. 

Jacob Adams, founder of this 
ADAMS branch of the Adams family in 

New Jersey, came to this country 
from Germany. He was one of the early set- 
tlers in Beverly township, Burlington county, 
New Jersey. He located on what is now the 
Walter S. Marter farm near Beverly, where 
the ruins of the first log house he built may 
yet be seen. Children : John, William, Jacob, 
Isaac, Nancy (Mrs. John W. Fenimore), Deb- 
orah (Mrs. John Cannon), Amelia (Mrs. 
Hendrick \'an Brunt). 

(II) John, son of Jacob Adams, was born 
December 15, 1784; died December 16, 1859. 
He was a contractor and builder, and erected 
many buildings in the neighborhood of Beverly, 
New Jersey. He married Nancy . 

(III) Samuel, son of John and Nancy 
Adams, was born in Beverly township, Burling- 
ton county. New Jersey, April 26, 1806: died 
April 22, 1851. He was a farmer. He married 
Alargaretta Smith, who bore him three children 
as follows: i. Elizabeth S... born October 12, 
1828 ; married Edwin J. Cadwell. 2. Richard 
S., see forward. 3. John Wesley, born De- 
cember 25, 1831 ; died December 27, 1875; 
married Lucy Borden, and had Samuel, Mar- 
tha, John Wesley, Jr., Anna and Mary (Mrs. 
William Raymond Sheldon). 

(I\') Richard S., eldest son and second 
child of Samuel and Margaretta (Smith) 
Ad.Tins. was born in Burlington, New Jersey, 
July 22, 1830; died April 26, 1906. He was a 
well educated man, and in his younger days 
was a teacher in the public schools. At the 
outbreak of the civil war he promptly enlisted 
in Company G (which he organized). Twenty- 
third New Jersey \'olunteers, and was in active 
service one year. Afterward he was quarter 

master's clerk in the soldiers' hospital at Bev- 
erly, New Jersey. He married Vashti Austin, 
born December 14, 1835, in Willingboro, Bur- 
lington county, New Jersey, daughter of Caleb 
anil Hannah Austin, and granddaughter of 
Caleb Austin, a farmer along Rancocas creek. 
The children of Richard S. and Vashti (Aus- 
tin) Adams are: i. Virginia R., born August 
I, 1853; married Charles H. Van Sciver, and 
has Nellie, Carrie V. (Mrs. Joshua Sharp), 
Ellsworth H., Mary (Mrs. Kerns), Maggie 
(Mrs. W. C. Foote), and Florence (Mrs. 
Harry Sheets). 2. Ellen, July 16, 1856; mar- 
ried Dilwin Haines, and has Bertha and Lulu 
Haines. 3. Lillie, June 29, 1859; married 
Charles S. \'an Sciver. 4. Hannah Elizabeth, 
April 16, 1862; married John Fogerty, and 
has Walter and Helen Fogerty. 5. Ellsworth 
S., see forward. 

(IV) Dr. Ellsworth Smith, son of Richard 
S. and \'ashti (Austin) Adams, was born in 
Beverly, New Jersey, July 23, 1864. His aca- 
demic education was obtained in the common 
and high schools of Beverly. His professional 
studies were pursued at the College of Phar- 
macy, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he 
w'as graduated in 1886, and at Jefiferson Medi- 
cal College, Philadelphia, from wdiich latter 
institution he graduated in 1890 with the de- 
gree of M. D. Dr. Adams, in 1885, opened his 
drug store in Beverly, and has been in that 
business continuously until the present time 
( 1909 ). After receiving his degree from Jeffer- 
son, he began the practice of medicine in Bev- 
erly, and still continues in active practice. In 
addition to his business and professional activ- 
ity, he has engaged largely in other lines, partic- 
ularly real estate, and has acquired large hold- 
ings. He is a member of the American Medi- 
cal Association, and the local and state medical 
societies. He is an adherent of the Republican 
party, and during the years from 1889 to 1902 
was mayor of his native city, Beverly. He is 
now president of the board of education. Hi? 
religious faith is Presbyterian. Dr. Adams, 
notwithstanding his threefold duties of physi- 
cian, pharmacist and man of business, exer- 
cises a lively interest in the welfare of his 
native town of Beverly. As mayor of that 
citv. he gave the people a clean, business ad- 
ministration, and as president of the board of 
education, he strives to keep the schools of 
Beverly in the foremost rank. Every depart- 
ment of civic life in his city finds in him an 
interested, loyal supporter. Fie is a skillful 
physician, a successful business man, and a 
good citizen. 



I U" married. 1888, Cora A. Wilson, dan.^h- 
tcr of William and Elizabeth (Hudnut) Wil- 
son, of Brooklyn, New York. Children: i. 
Ralph, born March 21, 1889; died aged seven- 
teen years. 2. Earle A., .August 11, 1890. 3. 
Heulah E., January 2},. 1895. 4. Richard Ells- 
worth. -March 31. 1898. 

The Wallace family at pres- 
W.\LL.-\CE ent under consideration springs 

from an entirely different stock 
from most of the families of the same name 
in South Jersey and Philadelphia, and for the 
the connection which undoubtedly originally 
existed search must be made among the rec- 
ords and documents of the mother country, 
Scotland, where the name has so worthy a 
history and distinguished representatives, be- 
ginning with the famous father of Scottish 
indejjendence, William Wallace. 

(I) John West Wallace, born in Scotland, 
is the founder of the branch at present under 
consideration. He emigrated about the mid- 
dle of the last century to this country, and by 
his wife, Ellen Nesbit West, had a son, John 
West, referred to below. 

(II) John West (2), son of John West (i) 
and Ellen Nesbit (West) Wallace, was born 
in riiiladelphia, in 1837, where he became a 
job printer and spent his life. .About 1865 he 
married Mary A., daughter of Henry W. 
-Speel, also a I'hiladeljihia printer, and by her 
he had two children : i. Henry Speel, referred 
to below. 2. Eleanor West, born in Philadel- 
I)hia, 1870. 

(III) Henry Speel, eldest child and only 
son of John West (2) and Mary .\. (Speel) 
Wallace, was bom in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, .August 7, 1866, and is now living in 
.Vtlantic City, New Jersey. He attended the 
public schools of Philadelphia and the private 
school of St. Peter's Protestant Episcopal 
Church of the same city, and then went to the 
Wyoming grammar school at Si.xth street and 
h'airmount avenue, Philadelphia. .After this he 
became a clerk in the wholesale harchvare house 
of Shields & P.rother, of Philadelphia, and 
subse(|uently one of the traveling salesmen for 
Thomas, Thompson & Company, wholesale 
upholstery and cabinet hardware dealers. His 
next occupation was with his father, with 
whom he worked for eight years in the job 
printing business in Philadelphia. He then 
came to .Atlantic City where he bought a half 
interest in the Ailantic City Press. This was 
in 1898 and for the next year he was interested 

in this, the firm name being Edge & Wallace, 
lie then became the manager of the Borland 
.Advertising .Agency, and acted in this capacity 
until November, 1906, when he purchased the 
daily and weekly Atla>itic Reviczi'. This 
periodical was first established in 1872 by A. L. 
English ^nd was the first newspaper of Atlantic 
City. It became the property of John G. 
Shreve and .A. AI. Heston, Alarch 8, 1884, and 
after several years of joint proprietorship, 
during which it prospered, it fell into the sole 
control of Mr. Shreve. The paper was an 
early school of journalism for many men now 
prominent in other cities, and while never 
aspiring to rival the Philadelphia dailies which 
are to be found in the city early every mornmg, 
it has more than met the demand for a reliable 
and popular home newspaper. It now pos- 
sesses a stone and fireproof publication office 
in the Bartlett building, and an excellent me- 
chanical department, including typesetting ma- 
chines and all other up-to-date essentials. The 
[laper has always championed any improve- 
ments for the betterment of the resort, and it 
has done much to help along the growth of 
the small, little known watering place on the 
Jersey coast of 1872 to the great pleasure re- 
sort of 1909. Under Air. Wallace's manage- 
ment the success of the jjaper has been even 
more marked if anything than it was under his 
predecessors. Since assuming control of the 
Rcficxi.', Mr. Wallace has established the Wal- 
lace .Advertising .Agency in coimection with his 
publishing business, and it is now claimed that 
his paper has the "best home circulation of any 
paper in .Atlantic City." 

The family of Wallis as the 
W.ALLACE name was spelt for the first 
two or three generations by 
most of its member.s, and as it is still spelt by 
some of its branches, is of Scotch descent and 
came originally from Creat liritain to the New- 
England colonics, from whence three of the 
founder's sons emigrated to the Quaker 
colonies on the Delaware and became the 
founders of the New Jersey antl Philadeliihia 
branches of the family. 

(I) Of Philip Wallis, the founder of the 
family, little is known, excejit the fact of his 
emigration to Boston, referred to above, and 
the additional facts that his wife's name was 
Sarah, and that he had at least three sons who 
had left New England for the banks of tho 
Delaware before 1682. These sons were: i. 
Philip, who is referred to below. 2. Thomas. 


-/yTtLCo-<j!- . 



who settled on Penisauken creek and died in 
1705, leaving a widow, but apparently no chil- 
dren. 3. Robert, who settled in Philadelphia ; 
married Esther Lakin, and had three children 
mentioned in the will of his brother, Thomas. 

(II) Philip (2), sonofPhilip (i) and Sarah 
W'allis, came to West Jersey about the same 
time as his brothers and settled near Peni- 
sauken creek, wdiere some of his descendants 
have continued until the present day. His will 
was proved March 25, 1755. He married 
Sarah, daughter of John and Margaret (Smith) 
Walker, the former of wdiom was a son of 
John and Susanna Walker, and the latter a 
daughter of John and Margaret (Cripps) 
Smith; John Walker emigrated to .A.merica in 
1675. The children of Philip and Sarah 
(Walker) Wallis were: i. Thomas, married, 
in 1750, Hope Lippincott, who after his death 
in 1758 married (second) Henry Jones. 2. 
John, who is referred to below. 3. Jane, mar- 
ried, in 1729, Francis Jones, of Burlington, 
4. Sarah, married, in 1729, Thomas Vanable, 
of Burlington, 5. Esther, married a Mr, 
Casper. 6. Rachel, married, in 1746, Walter 
or Walker .Atkinson, of Burlington. 7. Abi- 
gail, married a Mr. Heulings. 8. Philip, who 
died in 1752, leaving a widow and five chil- 

( HI) John, the son of Philip (2) and Sarah 
(Walker) Wallis, was born about 1120; died 
in 1779. He married Martha Decovv, bom in 
1735, died in 1813, who married (second) 
after her first husbantl's death, Isaac Burroughs. 
The children of John and Martha (Decow) 
Wallace were: i. John, died in 1797; married 
Elizabeth Chester, and had nine children, one 
'of whom, Rebecca, married her first cousin 
John Shivers ; see sketch. 2. Thomas, who 
is referred to below. 3. Sarah, married, in 
1774, .\ndrew Laurence, or Lawrence. 4. 
Martha, married William Rush, 5. Samuel, 
whose will was proved January 18, 1785. 6. 
Mary, buried in Old Coles, January 6, 1772. 

(IV) Thomas Wallace, son of John and 
Martha (Decow) Wallis, was born on Penisau- 
ken creek, in 1774; died there August 14, 1832. 
He married .Ann Shivers, born November ii, 
1773, died October 3, 1853, who after her first 
husband's death married (second) Jacob Hul- 
ings. The children of Thomas and .\nn 
(Shivers) Wallace were: i. John Shivers, 
born November n, 1795; died November 12, 
1869 ; married his first cousin, Rebecca Wal- 
lace, referred to above. 2. Thomas, December 
2, 1797; died in 1833; married Sarah Hinckle. 


3. Alaria, November 20, 1799; died in 1836; 
married Israel Lippincott. 4. Josiah, .Vugust 

7, 1802; died unmarried, in 1891. 5. Samuel, 
.August 26, 1804; died in 1840; married Eliza- 
beth Fish. 6. Joseph, March 10, 1806; died in 
1815. 7. William, who is referred to below. 

8. Benjamin, March 11, 1812; died in 1855: 
married Sibilla Marter.s, and had Edith H., 
who married John Taylor Evans. 9. Hezekiah, 
1814; died in infancy. 10. Ann, June 11, 1816; 
now living at Riverton, New Jersey, who mar- 
ried Benjamin T. Rudderow, born November 
23, 181 1 ; died December 13, 1871. 

( \' ) William, seventh child and sixth son 
of Thomas and .-\nn (Shivers) Wallace, was 
born in Palmyra, New Jersey, March 26, 1809, 
and died there in 1864. He was a farmer all 
of his life. He married Rachel Marters, of 
Beverly, New Jersey, by whom he had: i. 
Joseph. 2. Abraham. 3. Albert. 4. Josiah, 
who is referred to below. 5. Emily. 

( Vl) Josiah, son of William and Rachel 
( Marters) Wallace, was born in Palmyra, New 
Jersey, December 25, 1845, ^"d is now living in 
that town. He was educated in the common 
schools of Palmyra, and after leaving school 
worked for twenty years at farming. He then 
began to run freight scows on the river, be- 
tween Kinkora, Burlington, and Philadelphia, 
and continued in this occupation for twenty 
years more. In 1887 he built the West End 
Hotel at Palmyra, and since that time has de- 
voted himself to running that hostelry. He 
has large real estate interests in Palmyra, own- 
ing besides his hotel property, five houses. He 
also owns and controls the baseball grounds in 
Palmyra. Mr. Wallace is a Democrat, a mem- 
ber of the Mohawk Tribe, Improved Order 
of Red Men, a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd F'ellows, and a member of the 
Ancient Order of Lnited Workmen, of Cam- 
den, New Jersey. 

In 1876 Josiah Wallace married Lydia W., 
daughter of Michel and Abigail (Wilkins) 
Korn, of Camden, New Jersey, and they have 
had three children: I. Minnie, born in Pal- 
myra, September 20, 1878; married James K. 
Hires, of Palmyra, a bookkeeper for Slack 
Brothers, of Philadelphia. They have two 
children : Elizabeth and James. 2. Josiah. 
Jr., born in 1880; married Mary, daughter of 
Felix and Elizabeth Weinkelspecht, of River- 
side, New Jersey, They have three children : 
Josiah E., Edith and Lydia W. 3. Elizabeth 
S., born in 1882, who lives at home with her 



(For early g^enerations see preceding sketch). 

( \'lj John Shivers, the eldest 
\\ALLACE child of Thomas and ^\nn 
(Shivers) Wallace, was born 
in what is now I'ahnyra, New Jersey, Novem- 
ber II, 1795, and died there November 12, 
1869. He married his first cousin, Rebecca, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth (Chester) 
Wallace. Children: i. Mary Ann, born De- 
cember 12, 1812. 2. llezekiah, July 6, 1817. 
3. .Shivers. February 22, 1819. 4. Thomas (or 
William) Rush, Alay 2, 1821. 5. Elizabeth, 
February 13, 1824. 6. John, Uctober 30, 1826. 
7. Isaac, June 27, 1829. 8. Adeline, August 
9, 1831. 9. Caroline, February 5, 1833. 10. 
Israel, February 13, 1835. 11. Smith B., May 
21, 1839. 

(\lj John, son of John Shivers and Re- 
becca (\Vallace) Wallace, w'as bom in what 
was tiien Chester, now Palmyra, New Jersey, 
October 30, 1826, and died there July 9, 1897. 
He received a common school education, and 
as a boy worked on a farm and learned the 
trade of carpenter, which he followed nine 
years. In 1856 he engaged in the hotel busi- 
ness and continued in this for the remainder 
of his life. He was a Democrat, and held sev- 
eral town offices, at one time being commis- 
sioner of appeals. He was a member of Poca- 
hontas Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, of IMoorestown, New Jersey, a member 
of encampment, and a member of the Pres- 
byterian church at Riverton, New Jersey. He 
married, December 12, 1850, Mary M., born in 
Doylestown, Pennsylvania, October 5, 1832, 
daughter of Jacob and Barbara (Meyers) 
Yothers. She is now living in Palmyra, New 
Jersey. Children: i. Emma R. 2. Caroline 
II. 3. Levis H., see forward. 4. Jennie Cath- 
arine Virginia. Three other children who died 
in childhood. 

(VII) Levis H., son of John and Mary M. 
(Yothers) \\'allace, was born in Palmyra, 
New Jersey, March 23, 1863, and is now living 
in that town. He was educated in the public 
schools of Palmyra, and as a boy worked on a 
farm. When he was twenty-two years old he 
went into the hotel business in Palmyra, suc- 
ceeding his father as the owner and jjroprictor 
of the Palmyra Hotel. Mr. Wallace is a Dem- 
ocrat and a member of the election board. He 
is also a member of Lodge, No. 293, Benev- 
olent and Protective Order of Elks, of Cam- 
den, New Jersey ; Brotherhood of America, of 
Palmyra ; Lincoln Circle, Knights of the 
Golden Eagle, of Palmyra : an active member 
of the Independent, No. I, i'alm)ra l-"ire Com- 

pany, of which he is treasurer ; a life member of 
the Cinnaminson Firemens" Relief Association, 
of which he is treasurer. He married, No- 
vember 28, 1894. Ardella, daughter of Josiah 
and Margaret (Garwood) Bright, of Beverly, 
New Jersey. Children, born in Palmyra: i. 
Margaret Bright, December 10, 1895. 2. Mary 
Moore, November 22, 1897. 

The first record of the Wilkins 
WILKIN'S family of West Jersey is a 
deed, dated September 2, 1687, 
in which John Penfold. oi Newark, near 
Leicester, county of Leicester, England, gentle- 
man, grants to Thomas Wilkins, of West 
Jersey, labourer, and to John Wilkins. of 
Cussington, county Leicester, labourer, both the 
sons of John Wilkins, late of Kegham or Key- 
ham in the same county, husbandman, one- 
fifteenth of one share of the Province of West 
Jersey. With this record begins the history 
of the family in this country. 

(I) Thomas, son of John Wilkins, of Keg- 
ham, county Leicester, settled first on Mason's 
Run, near the city of Burlington, where in 
1690 he bought one hundred acres from 
Thomas Perkins and about two months later 
another two hundred acres adjoining from 
Thomas Gardiner. Three years later he sold 
this property and bought fifty acres in Eves- 
ham township, Burlington county, from Henry 
Grubb and Thomas Raper, where he spent the 
remainder of his life and died about January, 
1735. his will being proven on the 20th of that 
month. His wife's name is said to have been 
Susanna, but she is not mentioned in this will 
nor has any evidence yet come to light to show 
whether he married her in \\'est Jersey or 
brought her with him when he emigrated. His 
children were: i. Thomas, born about 1701 : 
died 1791 ; married (first) Mary Core, and 
(second) Sarah _£=Ji-!E-C.~i 2. William, died 
1758: married, 1754, at Chester monthly meet- 
ing, Elizabeth Swain. 3. Amos, who is re- 
ferred to below. 4. Mary, married Thomas 
Rakestraw. 5. Sarah. 6. Rachel, married 
Francis Dudley. 7. Rebecca, married Thomas 
Hackney. 8. Hannah, married Jacob Coffin. 

(II) Amos, youngest son of Thomas Wil- 
kins, was not yet twenty-one in 1729, when 
his father wrote his will. He lived at Evesliam 
in his father's homestead which he had inherit- 
ed from his father, and died about March, 
1 76 1. He was twice married, first at the Ches- 
ter monthly meeting to Susan.. !;' ' '>'^' ' , Tn 1738, 
and second in 1756, by license dated June 17, 
1756, to Sarah, daughter of Carlile Haines and 




Sarali, daugliter of William and Mary (Han- 
cock) Alatlack. Carlile was the son of Rich- 
ard and Mary (Carlile) Haines, and the grand- 
son of Richard and Margaret Haines, the emi- 
grants. The children of Amos Wilkins were ; 
I. John, married, in 1761, Hannah Gwinnal. 
of Evesham. 2. Benjamin. 3. Amos, Jr., who 
is referred to below. 4. Caleb. 5. Joshua. 6. 
Samuel, married Mary Eldridge, of Evesham. 
I'Vom the instructions of his will and other 
indications it is probable that the first three 
sons were by his first wife and that the last 
three were the children of Sarah (Haines) 
Wilkins. There were probably also several 

(HI) .Amos (2), the son of Amos (i) and 
.Susan Wilkins, was born October 13, 1750; 
died in March, 181 1. He was a distiller and a 
brick manufacturer. He married Lydia, born 
-August 31, 1765, daughter of Benjamin 
Jenkins; she bore him five sons and six 
(laughters all named in his will: i. Amos, 
who is referred to below. 2. Benjamin. 3. 
Clayton, who died unmarried. 4. David, mar- 
ried Rachel, daughter of Job and Esther 
(Brooks) Sharp. 5. Nathan, married Mary, 
daughter of Isaac and Rebecca (Eves) Troth. 
6. Susanna, married Asabel Coate. 7. Keturah, 
married Joseph, son of Aaron and Rachel 
(Cox) Sharp. 8. Amy, married Jonathan, 
son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Reed) Jones. 
9. Lydia. 10. Atlantic. 11. Sarah, married 
Philip Strieker. 

(I\') Amos (3), son of Amos (2) and 
Lydia (Jenkins) Wilkins, was born on the old 
homestead which he inherited from his father, 
July 7. 1790; died there April 14, 1857. He 
was a farmer and did a good deal of lumbering 
business, and for a number of years also con- 
ducted a distillery. He married, October 26, 
1815, Ann, daughter of John Hewlings and 
Lydia, daughter of Benjamin Crispin and 
Rachel, daughter of Robert Braddock and 
Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Bates and Mercy, 
daughter of James:, the emigrant, and grand- 
daughter of Gregory Clement, the regicide. 
Joseph Bates was the son of William Bates, 
the emigrant from Ireland. Robert Braddock 
was the son of Robert Braddock and Elizabeth, 
daughter of Timothy and Rachel (Firman) 
Hancock, the emigrants. Benjamin Crispin 
was the son of Benjamin Crispin and Margaret, 
daughter of Joshua and JMartha (Shinn) 
Owen. Benjamin Crispin was the son of 
Silas Crispin and Mary (Stockton) Shinn, the 
daughter of Richard and Abigail Stockton, the 
emigrants, and the widow of Thomas Shinn. 

Silas Crispin was the son of Captain William 
Crispin, of the English navy, whose wife, .Anne 
(Jasper) Crispin, was the sister to Margaret, 
wife of Admiral Sir Wilbar, and the mother 
of William Penn, the founder of the Pennsyl- 
vania colony. John Hewlings was the son of 
Joseph Hewlings and Elizabeth, daughter of 
Laban Langstalf, and granddaughter of Laban 
Langstaft', Sr., and Susanna Woolston. Laban 
Langstafl:", Sr., was the son of John and Eliza 
Langstaff, the emigrants. Joseph Hewlings 
was the son of Jacob Hewlings and Dorothy, 
daughter of Thomas and Anna Eves, and the 
granddaughter of Thomas Eves, the emigrant 
from London. Jacob Hewlings the son of 
William Hewlings, the emigrant, and Dorothy, 
daughter of Thomas Eves, the emigrant. The 
children of Amos and Ann (Hewlings) Wil- 
kins were: i. Amos, married Jane Prickett. 
2. John, married a Miss Gouldy. 3. Caleb, 
who is referred to below. 4. Rachel, married 
Uriah Brock. 5. Sarah, married Charles Coate. 
6. Lydia, married Thomas Wilson. 

(V) Caleb, son of Amos (3) and Ann 
(Hewlings) Wilkins, was born on the old 
homestead at Fostertown, Burlington county, 
April 9, 1835, and is now living near Medford, 
New Jersey. He was educated in the common 
schools, and then engaged in farming, and 
started in the cranberry business in 1859, and 
at present is engaged in building houses in 
South Atlantic City. For four years he was 
the commissioner of appeals, and for many 
years lie has been a director of the Union Na- 
tional Bank, of Alount Holly, of which he was 
one of the promoters. He is a member of the 
Society of Friends. 

He married, January 14, 1869, Keziah, 
daughter of David and Susan Rogers. Their 
children are: i. Susan Rogers, born October 
10, 1869. 2. Albertia, October 29, 1872; died 
December 10, 1898. 3. David D., born March 
IQ, 1874. 4. Caleb, Jr., November 28, 1875. 5. 
Mary H., luly 6, 1879. 6. Amos D., June 26, 

The several Brick families of 
BRICK New Jersey are doubtless de- 
scended from John Brick, an 
Englishman by birth and ancestry, who came 
to this country previous to 1680 and settled 
in the Fenwick colony in New Jersey. He 
bought a large tract of land on the south 
branch of Stoe creek, which branch is known 
as Gravelly run. The land there was pur- 
chased from John Fenwick by one Deming, 
who in turn sold to John Brick. He had sev- 



eral cliiklrcn. among them sons John. Joshua. 
Richard and Samuel. 

(I) W'ilham Brick, the earliest known an- 
cestor of the family here to be traced and pre- 
sumably a descendant of John Brick who is 
mentioned in the preceding paragraph, was 
profjrietor of a general merchandise store at 
Marlton, New Jersey, in 1816 and for several 
years afterward. He married, March i, 1804. 
Mary Inskeep, born January 25, 1784, daugh- 
ter of Abraham and Hannah Inskeep. 

(H) Joseph Inskeep, son of William and 
Mary (Inskeep ) Brick, was born December 23, 
1804, probably in Marlton, and in 1825 suc- 
ceeded his father in the proprietorship of the 
store. He was also interested in farming and 
retired from mercantile pursuits in 1859, con- 
tinuing his attention to farming. He died 
August 31, 1868. He married, February 16, 
1832, Rebecca Clement, of Timber creek. New 
Jersey, daughter of Abel and Keziah (Mickle) 
Clement. She was born March 8, 1809, and 
survived her husband more than seventeen 
years, dying November 11, 1885. Children: 
John Inskeep and Abel (twins), William 
French, Henry, Edgar, Joseph M., .\bigail 
(married George Cowperthwaite ), Rebecca, 
and one other who died in infancy. 

(Ill) Henry, son of Joseph I. and Re- 
becca (Clement) Brick, was born November 
9, 1835, in Marlton, died July i, 1898. He 
was sent to the township school when a boy 
and afterward was a student at Hugh Faulk's 
boarding school at Gwyned. On leaving 
school he returned to Marlton and in 1859, 
in company with his brother Joseph M., suc- 
ceeded their father in the ownership of the 
store and afterward continued the business 
under the firm name of H. & J. M. Brick, until 
April, 1886, when the jiartnership was dis- 
solved. .Vfter that Henry Brick was sole pro- 
prietor of the .store and business until March 
I, 1890, when he took as partner his son, 
Clayton H. Brick. Im-oui that time until the 
death of the senior member of the firm, in 
1898, tile business was carried on under the 
firm of Henry Brick & Son. For twenty- 
five years Mr. Brick was postmaster of Marl- 
ton, and otherwise in many respects was one 
of the leading men of the township for many 
years. He was a member of the board of 
directors of the Haddonfield National Bank, 
one of the chief promoters of the Marlton 
Water Company and its vice-president. In 
addition to his mercantile business Mr. Brick 
owned large farming interests, carried on a 

cranberry bog and had besides considerable 
timber lands.. He was brought up in the faith 
of the Society of Friends and never departed 
from its teachings. He was a school trustee 
of Marlton for several years, member of 
Mutual Lodge, No. 82, I. O. O. F., Chosen 
I'^riends Lodge, K. of P., and of Modoc Tribe, 
I. O. R. .M. He married, January 4, 1866, 
-Agnes Buckman Haines, daughter of Cla\-ton 
W. and Eliza (Curtis) Haines, of Philadel- 
phia. Clayton W. Haines was a son of .Abra- 
ham and Sarah (Lippincott) Haines, great- 
grandson of Abraham and Grace (lioUings- 
head ) Haines, great-great-grandson of Richard 
and Mary (Carlile) Haines, and great-great- 
great-grandson of Richard (the immigrant) 
and Margaret Haines. 

(IV) Clayton Haines, only son of Henry 
and Agnes Buckman (Haines) Brick, was 
born at Marlton, New Jersey, March i, 1869, 
and received his education at the Friends' 
Central School, Philadelphia, where he was a 
student for five years. At the age of sixteen 
years he became a clerk in his father's store, 
and on March i, 1890, on attaining his ma- 
jority, he became partner in the firm of Henry 
Brick & Son, a firm well known in business 
and trade circles for several years, continuing 
until July, 1898, when on the death of the 
senior partner it was dissolved. After thai 
the son continued the business alone until 
1903 and then sold out. Since that time he 
has engaged in dealing in real estate, farming 
and managing his cranberry bog. Mr. Brick 
is a strong Republican and has served in vari- 
ous official capacities, justice of the peace and 
chosen freeholder, both of which offices he 
now fills. He is a Master Mason and a mem- 
ber of the Baptist church. 

He married, .April 9, 1890, Mary Elizabeth, 
daughter of Dr. Elijah B. and Rachel (Ins- 
keep) Woolston. 

The family names Reid. Reed. 
RIED Read and ' Ried have been well 
known in .American liistory since 
the early time of the colonies, and came into 
the new country from various parts of Eng- 
land : but the family here treated seems to have 
come from German ancestry and has been 
settled here a little more than half a century. 
And while the Reids, Reeds, Reads and Rieds 
of colonial days gained fame among the New 
England colonists because of their deeds of 
courage and loyalty during the Indian wars 
and the revolution, so too the immigrant an- 



cestor of the family here under consideration 
did a loyal soldier's full duty and laid down 
his own life in defense of the L'nion during the 
late civil war. 

( I ) Matthias Ried, father of the immigrant, 
was born of (German ancestors and spent his 
life in Germany. The baptismal name of his 
wife was Magdalena and they had children, 
among them a son Charles. 

(II) Charles, son of Matthias and Mag- 
dalena Ried, was born in Largen, Stienbach, 
Baden, Germany, in July, 1827, and came over 
to America sometime previous to 1849, before 
he attained his majority of years, for on No- 
vember 6 of that year, in the city of Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, he became a naturalized 
citizen of the United States. In the same 
year he married, in Philadelphia, W'ilhelmina 
Bischoff, who was born in Diet Largen, 
Pfortzheim, Baden, Germany, March 23. 1826, 
daughter of Michael and Teresa Bischofif. 
Early in the civil war Charles Ried enlisted 
for service in the Union army, and he was 
killed June 27, 1862, in the seven days' fight 
before Richmond, Virginia. The greater 
part of his business life in this country was 
spent in New Jersey, where he came to live 
after his marriage. Charles and Wilhelmina 
(Bischofif) Ried had five children: i. Edward 
F., see post. 2. Henry \\'., born April 12, 
1853. 3. Matthias, born in 1855. 4. W'ilhel- 
mina, born October i, 1857, now Mrs. Oatman. 
5. Charles \\'., born March 4, i860. 

(III) Edward F., eldest son and child of 
Charles and Wilhelmina (Bischoff) Ried, was 
born in Lumberton, New Jersey, May 17, 
1851. and died there in 1898. After leaving 
school he learned the trade of shoemaking and 
became a practical workman of the days when 
shoes were made by hand instead of with ma- 
chines and other modern mechanical appliances. 
In 1879 he became partner in the firm of F. E. 
Shinn & Co., manufacturers of shoes, and so 
continued for two years, when the Lumber- 
ton Shoe Company was incorporated and suc- 
ceeded to the business formerly carried on by 
the firm of which he was a member. Mr. 
Ried was a director of the company and ac- 
tively connected with the operation of its fac- 
tory for one year, and at the end of that time 
he established himself in the same line of busi- 
ness under the style of E. F. Ried & Co., con- 
tinuing the manufacture of shoes until the 
time of his death. Mr. Ried was an energetic, 
capable and straightforward business man and 
his efforts in life were rewarded with gratify- 
ing success. A firm Democrat, he served in 

various capacities, such as township clerk, 
school trustee, postmaster under President 
Cleveland's administration, and other ofifices. 
He was a member and trustee of the Lutheran 
church, member of the Junior Order of Ameri- 
can Mechanics and also of Mt. Holly Lodge, 
No. 14, Free and Accepted Masons. In 1872 
he married Anna M. Karge, who was born in 
1852 and by whom he had eight children: i. 
George Frederick, born November 17, 1874, 
see post. 2. Edward, born October 23, 1876, 
engaged in business with his elder brother; 
married Irene Elder, of Lumberton, and has 
one daughter, Irene Elder Ried. 3. Philip, 
born March, 1878, merchant of Lumberton: 
married Sarah A. Amish, of Lumberton, and 
has one son, Kenneth F. Ried. 4. Anna AL, 
born 1881, married William J. Oatman, and 
has two children, Gladys R. and Edward E. 
Oatman. 5. Caleb R., born 1884, died 1905; 
married Anna M. Cobb. 6. Johnson H., born 
December 26, 1886, lives in Lumberton. 7. 
Lillian, born May, 1889. 8. Francis W., born 

(IV) George Frederick, eldest son and child 
of Edward F. and Anna M. (Karge) Ried, 
was born in Lumberton, New Jersey, Novem- 
ber 17, 1874, and received his education in the 
public schools of that town, Mt. Holly Acad- 
emy and Pierce Business College, Philadelphia. 
In business life he has been, until recently, 
proprietor of a general merchandise store in 
Lumberton. which he started in 1895, and also 
is connected with the shoe manufacturing firm 
of E. F. Ried & Company. Indeed, since the 
death of his father in 1898 Mr. Ried has been 
an important factor in the business established 
by his father, was himself founder of the 
New Lumberton Shoe Company, and became 
its president and general superintendent. In 
1907 he sold out his mercantile establishment 
to his brother Caleb R. and since that time 
has devoted his attention to the business man- 
agement of the shoe factory. Mr. Ried is a 
director of the Farmers' Bank of Mt. Holly, 
I)resident of the Lumberton Light & Water 
Company, treasurer of the Firemen's Relief 
Association of Lumberton, member of the 
Junior Order of United American Mechanics, 
charter member of the Daughters of America, 
a Republican in politics, and a member of the 
Lutheran church. 

He married, in 1898, Clara \'., daughter of 
George W. an 1 Virginia M. (Benny) Amish, 
of Lumberton, and has one daughter, Majorie 
Ross Ried, born September 7, 1904. 



riio fust roconl 

SCll\\.\l!i:.\l..\Xl) foiiiKl of this fam- 
ily they were living 
•11 Hesscn. a town of Gcnnany, located on the 
Rhine river, where they were resiK'etoii eiti- 
zens. They have made an honorable jilace 
for themselves in whatever place in America 
they have Iticated, and have been usefnl and 
successful citizens. 

^ 1 ) C~hristian Schwabenland spent his en- 
tire life in (.icrmany. and died there, lli^ 
children were: John J., residing in West Phila- 
delphia; l.enhart Christian: Helena, deceased. 

(\l) l.enhart Christian, second son of 
(."hristian Schwabenland, was born in 1835. at 
Hessen. Darmstadt, liermany, and ilied in 
rhiladdphia. reinisylvania. jnnc 5. 190:1. He 
was educated in his native town, where he 
learned the trade of cabinet-maker, and soon 
after coming to this country engaged in the 
manufacture of high-class furniture, his loca- 
tion being Philadelphia. He was successful 
in his enterprise and continued business up to 
the time of his death ; one of his orders was 
for the furnishings of the capitol building at 
Havrisburg. Pennsylvania. In politics he was 
a Reinibliean. He was affiliatcil with the an- 
cient I-"ree and Accepted Masons, and was a 
jirominent member of the Order of Redmen, 
of Philadelphia, He was an active member 
of the Lutheran church, of which he was trus- 
tee. He married (^ first ^ Helena Saner, boni 
in Cennany: she died at the birth of her only 
child, Edward, in 1858. Mr. Schwabenland 
married (_ second) Agnes Webber, of Phila- 
delphia, and their children were: i. Louisa, 
married Joseph W'erst, a tanner of Sewall, 
Xew Jersey. 2. Henry, residing at Philadel- 
phia. 3. Emma, married William tirube. su- 
perintendent of a pocketbook manufacturing 
plant. 4. Mary, deceased. 5. Caroline, lives 
with her mother. 6. John, lives at home. 7. 
Charles, also living with his mother. Mrs. 
."schwabenland still resides at Philadelphia. 

(lin Edward, son of Lenhart Christian 
and Helena (Saner "> Schwabenland, was born 
March i, 1858, at Philadelphia, receiving his 
edtication in the public schools and RingoK! 
schivM of that city. He began work at the 
age of sixteen, in a general butcher and cattle 
business, being stationed at the Fanners' Mar- 
ket, at Philadelphia, and at the end of four 
years embarked in business for himself in that 
city. His business is still located at Phila- 
delpliia, where he carries on a wholesale com- 
mission business, though since MarcJi 12. 
1888, his residence has been at Riverside, Xew 

Jersey. He has spent nnich time and money 
in the building up of Riverside, and owns 
many valuable pieces of land in that town. 
.\s the result of his etforts the land aroimd 
the railroad station was converted from a 
boggy swamp into a beautiful park, and he 
was also instrumental in inducing the Watch- 
case works to locate in Riversitle. Since his 
arrival in the town he has been active in its 
atiairs. was elected to the school board before 
the buikhng of the hanilsome new building, 
raised the fire company, and at the present 
time has charge of putting in the sewerage 
system. He is connnissioner of appeals, 
county chairman of the Democratic parly, 
township committeeman and mayor of River- 
side. He has taken great interest in the im- 
provements of the town, and its citizens have 
delighted to show him all the honors in their 
gift, since bis first residence in Riverside. Mr. 
Schwabenland is a member of the Elks, also 
of several Gennan benevolent orders, is a life 
member of the Turners and ^Liennerchor, and 
belongs to the Lutheran church. 

He married, in 1884. Paviline M.. daughter 
of Jacob Lund, and they have children as fol- 
lows: I. Edward L., born December 22, 1S84. 
in Philadelphia. 2. Sophia Marie, February 
7. i8qi, at Riverside, New- Jersey. 3. Paul 
Henry, April 11, 1899, at Riverside, New Jer- 
sey. These children all received their educa- 
tion at Riverside, and live with their parents. 

The name of Shedaker has 

SHEDAKER been prominent in New Jer- 
sey for more than a cen- 
tury and a half, though the name is not a com- 
mon one. The family here described have 
always been enterprising and ambitious, and 
have contributed largely to the development 
of the natural resources of the state and to the 
maintenance of such organizations as are of 
great public benefit. 

(I) Jacob Shedaker was born in 1746. in 
Burlington, Xew Jersey, died there November 
19, 1780. By his wife Rachel he had a son 

(H) Jacob (2). son of Jacob (i) and 
Rachel Shedaker, was born in 1776, at Burl- 
ington, Xew Jersey, died February 5, 1849. 
By his wife ^iary, who died in June, 1819. lie 
had a son John. 

(HI) John, son of Jacob (2) and Mary 
Shedaker, was bom January 12, 1801, died 
January 18, 1854. He married, Febmary 8. 
1824, Elizabeth, daughter of William and 
Sarah Rodman, born February 12, iSoi. died 



March 19, 1866, and their children were: i. 
William R., born October 30, 1824, married 
Sarah Page. 2. Jacob D., see forward. 
3. Sarah E., February 15, 1829, died Decem- 
ber 27. 1903 ; married Ezra I'lidd Marter. 4. 
John II., .Ajjril 15, 1831, married Mary Hubbs. 
5. Charles, December 10, 1835, died in infancy. 
'1. Menry, [•"ebruary 6, 1838, died in infancy. 
7. Elizabeth, July 6, 1859, died in infancy. 

(IV) Jac<jb D., second son of John and 
Elizabeth ( Rodman ) Shedaker, was born in 
[826, in liurlington. .\ew Jersey, died August 
2, 1907. lieing a large landholrler, he was a 
farmer all his life, and made a specialty of 
raising fine strawberries, which he was the 
first in that section to grow in cjuantities and 
>hip to market in the nearby cities. He also 
raised other fruits, and was the first in the 
community to build and operate a cannery, 
which did a flourishing business. The one 
hundred acres which he owned in the city of 
Ihirlington was a valuable property, and his 
business ventures were very successful. He 
was a Republican in politics, and held several 
town offices of a minor nature. I fe was a 
generous contributor to the church, assisted 
materially in building the Shedaker Mission, 
Shedaker School and Shedaker Station. He 
belonged to Burlington Lodge, No. 22, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, and was the 
last living charter member of same. Mr 
.Shedaker married, in 1848, Esther .\nn. 
daughter of Benjamin and .Ann (Keelerj Du- 
bell, born in 1829, died in 1889, and they had 
>ix children, as follows: i. Charles H., de- 
ceased ; he married Flora Perkins, and they 
had a son Jacob. 2. I'enjamin Dubell, see 
forward. 3. Elizabeth .\nn. 4. Janette. mar- 
ried E. P.. Pleisler. 5. Aaron, see forward. 
'1. Ezra Budd, see forward. 

(\'). Benjamin Dubell, second son of Jacob 
1). and Esther Ann (Dubell) Shedaker, was 
1) rn October 25, 1851, at Burlington, New 
Jersey, received his education in the Shedaker 
school and Farnam Preparatory School, and 
from 1871 to 1878 served as agent of the 
.Shedaker station. Eater he established him- 
self in the seed business, in the name of B. 
I). Shedaker, now doing business as B. D. 
Shedaker & Son, which does an enormous 
business in this line, having customers in all 
parts of the L'nited States, also in Canada, 
lie also grows large (|uantities of roots and 
owns about sixty acres of valuable land around 
E'Igewater Park, New Jersey, where he re- 
sides. He is a Republican in politics, served 
five vears as town collector, and the same 

length of time as member of the school board. 
Mr. Shedaker was representative to the state 
legislature from 1902 until 1906, and while 
holding that office was appointed on several 
important committees, among them being 
chairman of committee on agriculture and 
agricultural college and also chairman of com- 
mittee on state treasurer's accounts. He was 
a charter member of Lodge No. 848, Mt. 
Holly, Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, was formerly a member of the Knights 
of Pythias, and has been a contributor to the 
sujjjjort of the .Shedaker .Mission and St. 
Stcjjhcn's Church, of Beverly. Mr. Shedaker 
married. May 29, 1877, Jennie, daughter of 
Gould and Mary ( North j Phinney, of Mon- 
roetown, Bradford county, Pennsylvania, and 
they hafl two children, Harry Phinney, see 
forward ; William North, sec forward. 

( \T ) Harry Phinney, the older son of Ben- 
jamin Dubell and Jennie (Phinney) Shed- 
aker, was born April i, 1879, received his 
education in the public schools and Rider Busi- 
ness College, after which he spent three years 
in the auction store of William .\'orth, in Phil- 
adcljjhia. He next engaged in real estate 
business in Atlantic City, which he sold, and 
then went to work for Cinnaminson Electric 
Light & Power Company, working up to the 
position of Superintendent. He was also as- 
sistant superintendent anfl harl charge of build- 
ing the road for the Cam''en & Trenton Street 
railway : he remained with the company six 
years, and when the road was sold he removed 
to Staunton, Virginia, where he spent a year 
managing a street railway and electric light 
plant. In 1907 .Mr. Shedaker returned to his 
native town anrl became a member of the firm 
of P). D. Shedaker & Son. He married, April 
29, 1903, Myrtle, daughter of Senator Mit- 
chell B. and Theresa (Oliver) Perkins, of 
Beverly, New Jersey, and they have a daugh- 
ter. Theresa, born .\j)ril 15, 1904. 

I \'I ) \\ illiam North, second and younger 
son of Benjamin Dul)ell and Jennie (Phinney) 
Shedaker, was born March 15, 1881, died 
January 17, 1906. He received his education 
in the .Shedaker school, supplemented by a 
course at the Pierce Business College. In 
1900 he engaged in the drug business in At- 
lantic City. New Jersey, having a half interest 
in the firm of Shedaker & Harris, which did 
business one year, after which he Ixjught oui 
his partner and the name became W'illiam N. 
Shedaker. Later he became a member of the 
firm of .Shedaker & Budd, which owned and 
conducted three drug stores in .Atlantic City 



for a period of two years; in 1904 Mr. Shed- 
aker bought out his partner and incorporated 
the business under the name of Shedaker Drug 
Stores, of which his father was president. 
This business was eventually sold to Mr. 
Lang. Mr. Shedaker was a prominent mem- 
ber of the Elks and Masonic orders of Atlan- 
tic City, and at his death was buried from the 
home of his father in Burlington, with' all the 
honors of both orders, his funeral being t