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Full text of "Genealogical and memorial history of the state of New Jersey .."

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GENEALOGICAL 



MEMORIAL HISTORY 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



A RECORD OF THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF HER PEOPLE IN THE 

MAKING OF A COMMONWEALTH AND THE 

FOUNDING OF A NATION 



COMPILED UNDER THE EDITORIAL SUPERVISION OF 

FRANCIS BAZLEY LEE 



VOLUME I 



ILLUSTRATED 



NEW YORK 
LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 

1911) 






COPVRU'.HT 1910 
BY 

Lewis Historical Publisiiinu Cd.mpa.w. 



)CI.A-iTli; r 



PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT. 



The present work, "Genealogical and Memorial History of the State of New Jersey." 
will, it is believed, commend itself to the people of this commonwealth, and not only to 
them, but to the various Libraries and Historical Socities, and also to many individual inves- 
tigators throughout the Nation at large, and more particularly in the State of New Jersey. 

The pages of these genealogical and personal memoirs have been prepared with all due 
care from such data as were procurable from the hands of family representatives and from 
various records, man_\' t>f which have not been heretofore given to the public. In every case 
the narrative has been submitted to the immediate subject or to his proper representative, for 
correction and revision. If in any case the matter is incomplete or faulty, the shortcoming 
is ascribable to the paucity of data, many families being unable to supply exact information 
at some point in their ancestral line. In many instances such faults are <lue to the disappear- 
ance of church and other records, through fire or other disaster. In some cases, particularly 
such as concern families of Holland descent, there are variances of orthography in family 
nomenclature, and it has been deemed projjer to respect, in the various lines, the form of 
name which has been preserved therein. 

It is believed that the present work will prove a substantial addition to the mass of 
genealogical and personal material relating to the people of the historic region under con- 
sideration, and that without it, much valuable information contained herein would be irre- 
trievably lost, owing to the passing away of many custodians of family records, and the 
disappearance of material which has been utilized in the preparation of this work. 

The publishers desire to express their great obligation to those who have rendered 
special assistance in the preparation of this work, with their labor as writers, as sources of 
information, and as advisers — Mr. Francis I'.azley Lee. of Trenton, an author of ability, in 
the capacity of supervising editor; and Hon. Isaac T. Nichols, of Bridgeton ; Mr. Alfred 
M. Heston, of Atlantic City; Mr. William H. Ketler, of Camden; Mr. John D. Canfield, of 
Morristown ; Hon. John S. Applegate, of Red Bank; Mrs. Althea H. \\'eatherby, of Tren- 
ton; Mr. Robert Gvvynne. of Salem; and Rev. Elias Boudinot Stockton, of Newark, the 
principal writer. All are well informed with reference to the annals of their respective 
regions, all have been diligent students of local history for many years past, and all have 
given their effort with a warm enthusiasm based upon reverence for tlie pioneers who ])lantcd 
here the institutions of civilization, and a laudable pride in such an ancestry. 

THE PUBLISHERS. 



NEW JERSEY 



THE PEOPLING OF THE STATE 




T IS NOT within the province of the present work to give a poHtical history of the 
State of New Jersey. The purpose is to place in preservable form a series of 
genealogical narratives tracing to their forbears a great number of the active 
men of the present day — men who have honored their ancestry and themselves 

by lives of usefulness in private life and honorable service in public station. 

Those who brought civilization to the territory now known as New Jersey, were of 

diverse tongues and habits — Swedes, English and Dutch. Measuring them by the stand- 
ards of their day, they were a simple, honest, God-fearing people. They builded to them- 
selves two enduring monuments which testify to that fact: Their behavior toward the 

Indians, whose lands they sought and acquired ; and 

their strong assertion of their rights as settlers against 

the arrogant claims of non-resident proprietors, who 

bartered away their unseen possessions over the gaming 

table, as they did their own coin. These are indis- 
putable facts established by authentic records. 

In the matter of clearing land titles from all cloud 

of Indian rights, the governmental history of New 

Jersey is creditable. If the considerations paid by the 

Dutch and Swedes and English seem trivial in value 

to-day, they did not so seem then. Indeed, within the 

memory of men now living, swamp lands in southern 

States and timber lands in northern States, passed from 

one white owner to another at figures which now 

appear incomprehensibly trifling. 

Following the precedents of the Dutch and the 

Swedes — the first dealers with the Indians — the Pro- 
prietors of New Jersey made every effort to extinguish 

Indian titles. In the "Directions" of Berkeley and 

Carteret, under date of December 7, 1672, it was 

ordered that the Governor and Council purchase all 

Indian lands in the name of the Proprietors, and those 

to whom the Proprietors sold were to reimburse them. 

After East Jersey became a government, it was enacted. 

in 1682, that no one should purchase Indian land 

without a warrant from the Governor or his Deputy. 

In West Jersey, in 1676, in the "Concessions and 

Agreements," a most fair and commendable document, 

it was provided that the commissioners were to meet 

the natives and agree upon the price of land before it Monmouth Battlefield Monument. 




vi INTRODUCTORY. 

was surveyed for distribution ; public record of these transactions was made ; and it was later 
enacted that all titles founded upon purchases not made under these provisions should stand 
null and void, while the offenders were to be fined and declared enemies to the Province. 
Under such regulations, practically all the Indian titles to New Jersey were extinguished 
prior to the Revolution. 

The incidental story of the extinguishment of the Indian himself is pathetic. Their 
tribal relations were recognized by law, yet the Indian was practically reduced to bondage. 
Repressive legislation in East Jersey forbade trading with them; in West Jersey, while 
there were no such enactments, there was no effort to turn the natives to industrial pur- 
suits. They soon suffered decimation through the vices and diseases brought to them by 
the white man. Missionaries and philanthropists urged remedies, but without avail. At 
length, in 1758, through the mixed motives of self-protection and charity, was established 
for the first time within the territory now the United States, an Indian Reservation, in the 
Burlington county "Pines," where is now the town of Indian Mills. There were seated the 
remnant of the famous Lenni-Lanape tribe, some tw'o hundred in number, upon a three 
thousand acre tract of land, and where their decreasing descendants sojourned until 1802, 
thence removing, by repeated migrations, to the state of New York, to Wisconsin, and 
finally to the Indian Territory. At length, in 1832, the New Jersey Legislature, listening 
to the final plea of the Indians, appropriated $2,000 for the extinguishment of all their right, 
title and interest. In this closing transaction, the Indians had for their representative one of 
their own race — Bartholomew S. Calvin, whose native name was Shawuskukung, meaning 
"Wilted Grass." He was a Revolutionary soldier ; he was educated by the Scotch, became a 
teacher, and taught in white schools, as well as among his own people. Before the legislature 
which purchased the last of his tribal rights, he said : "Not a drop of our blood have you 
spilled in battle ; not an acre of our land have you taken but by our consent." And upon 
the same occasion, the Hon. Samuel L. Southard said: 'Tt is a proud fact in the history 
of New Jersey that every foot of her soil has been obtained from the Indians by fair and 
voluntary purchase and transfer — a fact that no other State in the Union, not even the 
land which bears the name of Penn, can boast of." 

And so disappeared the Indian, leaving no perceptible trace of blood admixture upon 
the people by whom he was supplanted — nothing, save a few local names of places he once 
occupied, and rapidly disappearing burial mounds. 

An interesting but abortive incident of attempted civilization in the New World is 
written in the history of New Albion. In 1632, an Irish nobleman. Sir Edmund Plowden, 
with eight associates, asked of King Charles I. a grant of land to be known as "Manitie, or 
Long Isle" (Long Island), and of thirty miles square of the coast next adjoining, to be 
erected into a County Palatine called "Syon." The petition being disregarded, it was repeated, 
w-ith the use of new designation.s — "Isle Plowden" for Long Island, and "New Albion" for 
"Syon." Plowden and his associates obligated themselves to settle five hundred inhabitants 
"for the planting and civilizing thereof," and a patent was granted them for a tract of land 
embracing New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland and Penn.sylvania, as well as Long Island, with 
Sir Edmund Plowden as first governor. In this connection it is curious to note that two 
years previously a similar charter had been issued to Lord Baltimore, of the Maryland 
colony. 

In 1634, deaths and abandonments had put the Plow'den grant largely into possession 
of the sons of Sir Edmund, under whom about ten thousand acres near Salem City, New 
Jersey, were vested in Sir Thomas Danby, with manorial privileges. Meantime, and in the 
same year (1634) came from England, Captain Thomas Young, with Robert Evelin, his 



INTRODUCTORY. 



nephew, under commission "to discover parts of America not actually in possession of any 
Christian Prince." They explored the Delaware river (which they named the Charles) as 
far as Trenton Falls, which they could not pass, therefore descended the stream, and later 
coasted from Cape May to Manhattan Island. 

In 1642, Plowden himself, "Earl Palatine," came to the country and sailed up the Dela- 
ware, afterward going to Virginia. In 1648 he returned to England. In December of that 
year was printed there, Beauchamp Plantagenet's "Description of New Albion," dedicated 
to "The Right Honorable and Mighty Lord Edmund, by Divine Providence, Lord Propri- 
etor, Earl Palatine, Governour and Captain Generall of the Province of New Albion." It 
also contained a description of the "Order Medall and Riban of the Albion Knights," with 
various heraldic devices. Under this pretentious manifesto, preparation was undertaken in 
1650 to send to the Delaware a colony of one hundred and fifty souls, but there is no evi- 
dence that it was ever accomplished. The Plowden claims were practically forgotten until 
1784, when Charles Varlo came from England, claiming title as purchaser of one-third of 
the Plowden charter. His claims failing of substantiation in a chancery court, he returned 
whence he came. To-day no trace appears of the early occupation thus recorded. 

The Swedish occupation dates from 1638, when Peter Minuit, of a Swedish-Dutch com- 
pany, came up Zuydt Riviere (the Delaware) with two vessels. With his explorations into 
Virginia and the territory now Delaware, and his creation of New Sweden, we are not 
now concerned, for his project was but short-lived, giving way before the Dutch occu- 
pancy. Among the few remaining traces of Swedish occupancy, the town of Swedesboro is 
the most conspicuous, and a few Swedish names are discernible at various points in the 
Delaware Valley. The latter, however, are place, not family, names. The Swedes were 
readily absorbed by both Dutch and English, and particularly by the latter, in this regard 
forming a marked contrast with the Dutch, who, through intermarriages among themselves, 
preserved their racial traits, customs and language beyond the Revolutionary period. In 
the case of the Swedes, as far as shown by church records now extant, the intermarriages 
among themselves are rare after 1725. After the middle of the century their language had 
practically disappeared. 

The Dutch impression yet remains deep and readily identifiable, and their family nomen- 
clature is ineradicable. First of the settlements made in Jersey territory was that at what 
was known as Hobocanhackingh, now Hoboken. In 1630 arose the patroonship of Pavonia, 
and here appear the names of Van Evertsen Bout and Corneliu \'an Voorst, about 1636, and 
Aert Teunissen Van Patten in 1643. From 
these settlements, and others growing out from 
them, and from the Hollandish settlement on 
Manhattan island, descended vigorous stock 
which to the present tinie has been a potent 
factor in all the wonderful development of 
American life. As has been remarked by the 
present writer at another time (and for which 
there is still full warrant), "It must not be 
forgotten that to the Hollander is due the 
credit for establishing the principle of pur- 
chasing Indian title to land ; that he planted, 
wherever he went, his church and his school ; 
that in spite of a certain intensity of obstinate 
pride, he respected civil authority, and lent his 



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THIS STONE MAftKS THE SirC Or 

ronr nonsense. 



NflNCNTRL pRMY IN 11 
WINTER or IT79 80. 



WASHMCTON /IS&OCIMION Of NEW JlH 



viii IXTRODUCTORY. 

aid to the uphiiilding of a moral state. In politics, the Hollander took the side of justice to 
tlie oppressed; in religion, he fought to the end, for the sake of principle. While New 
Amsterdam was struggling for existence, Old Amsterdam was the centre of a life of culture 
and refinement, where science, art and music, as well as the learned professions, were joined 
in a community of interests. While such progress at home found but faint reflection in 
America, the hardships which the colonists encountered for the commercial glory of the 
Mother Country must ever be to Holland as great a compensation as their presence to distant 
generations of America was a gain." And what is here said of the Hollander in New 
Amsterdam, is to be said with equal force of the Hollander in the Jerseys. 

A valuable colonizing force came into the Jerseys about the close of the Seventeenth 
Century — the French Huguenots, who were of those driven out of their native land by the 
revocation of the Edict of Nantes, in 1685. Nearly all were of eminent respectability and 
strength of character; many were of the ancient nobility. They brought names which still 
e.xist — Pintard, Bard, Conte, Ray, Boudinot, Ballinger, La Rue, \'alle, Demarcst and 
others. They did not long retain their identity, but assimilated with the Dutch and English. 
To them, in the largest degree, is ascribable the introduction upon American soil of those 
refinements of life, that love for the beautiful, for which their ancestral land has ever been 
proverbial. 

For obvious measures, the chronological sequence of the various immigrations to Amer- 
ica has not been followed. While Swede and Hollander and Hug^ienot brought to the New 
World personal qualities of great worth, and which were all-important in the making of the 
present-day American, the English, and, somewhat later, the Scotch-Irish, his nearest kins- 
men, brought equally valuable elements of moral and mental strength, and, besides, those 
political ideas and institutions which were destined to overshadow and finally supplant those 
of all other peoples. Out of these have grown our present-day legislative and governmental 
methods, and our jurisprudence. 

Following shortly after the promulgation of "The Conditions for New Planters in the 
Territories of his Royal Highness, the Duke of York, by his Deputy Governor, Colonel Rich- 
ard Nicolls," a settlement was made at Elizabethtown under a grant of date December i, 
1664. The precise date of occupation is not known, but it is presumable that a few families 
were already upon the ground. The petitioners are to be briefly noted : 

John Strickland, an Englishman, had come to the Massachusetts Bay Colony with Win- 
throp. He was a patentee of Huntington, Long Island, and was afterward a resident of 
Hempstead. He appeared at Elizabethtown as agent for "A company of the inglish nasion." 
John P>alies (Baylie, Baily), probably him of the same name who resided at Guilford, 
Connecticut, in 1642, does not appear to have been a resident; he sold his interest to Gov- 
ernor Carteret. 

Others were Thomas I'.enedict ( Benydick). who had represented Jamaica, Long Island. 
in the Hempstead Convention of 1665; John Baker, who had been the principal military 
officer at Albany, and who became foremost in resisting proprietary aggression in Jersey; 
John Ogden, who came from Connecticut to Long Island, and thence to Jersey, and became 
one of the most influential in the new settlement there; also David and Nathaniel Denton, 
sons of the Reverend Richard Denton, who came from England to ^Massachusetts and thence, 
in turn, to Connecticut, and to Hempstead, Long Island. Daniel Denton was a man of strong 
character and great usefulness, and was a school teacher and physician. He soon sold his 
interest in the Elizabethtown grant to John Baker and John Ogden, and is believed to have 
returned to England. In 1670 he published in London a volume which is notable as being 
the first description of the region now known as New York and New Jersey, ever printed in 





3 S 



3 p 



S " 





X INTRODUCTORY. 

the Eiif^lish laiiguagi.'. The title uf tliis rarely interesting work was "A Brief Description 
of New York, formerly called New Xetherlands, with the places thereunto Adjoining; Like- 
wise a Brief Relation of the Customs of the Indians there." This volume was largely instru- 
mental in promoting immigration. 

Luke Watson, the last of the patentees to be mentioned, was the only one who retained 
his interest in the enterprise, and came to be numbered among the founders of the town. The 
patentees gathered about them associates to the number of eighty, most of them vigorous 
men between the ages of twenty-five and forty years, and a majority oi them married. The 
town which they founded, Elizabethtown, is ever to be remembered in American history as 
the seat of the first English government in what is now New Jersey. The land owned by 
the Elizabethtown grant extended from the mouth of the Raritan river on the south to the 
mouth of the Passaic river on the north, a distance of not less than seventeen miles in a 
direct line, and extending inwardly into the country about thirty-four miles. It embraced 
the present towns of Woodbridge and Piscataway, the whole of the present Union county, 
parts of the towns of Newark and Clinton, a small part of Morris county, and a consider- 
able portion of Somerset county, aggregating about five thousand acres. 

Governor Nicolls, on April 8, 1665, issued to twelve patentees the famous "Monmouth 
Patent," covering a part of Middlesex county, the present county of Monmouth, except Free- 
hold townships and the western portion of Millstone, and a part of Ocean count)'. The 
coast line extended from Sandy Hook to Little Egg Harbor, being more than half of the 
New Jersey seacoast. 

The Monmouth patentees were men of strong character and great enterprise, and the 
most of them were deeply religious. Mention of their antecedents and traits is necessary to 
a projjcr ai)preciation of tiKir worth as founders of communities and of their influence in 
their own day and upon their ilescendants. 

; William (ioulding was one of the Massachusetts Bay Baptists who were banished from that 
colony on account of their religion. He became a permanent settler, and was one of the 
founders of the old Baptist Church at Middletown. 

Samuel Spicer had previously resided at Gravesend, Long Island. He was a member 
of the Society of Friends, and had been severely dealt with by Governor Stuyvesant for 
non-conformity to the established religion. 

Richard Gibbons, who is also mentioned as "Sergeant Gybbings," does nut appear as 
prominently as his fellows, but was among the early settlers. 

Richard Stout was head of one of the first five families who settled on the Indian pur- 
chase in 1664. He had previously lived a number of years on Long Island. 

James Grover became a permanent settler, and built the first iron works in New Jersey. 

Captain John I'owne, a leader in the project of purchasing from the Indian sachems 
the three Necks of Newasink, Navarumsink and Pootapeck, was one of the company who 
sailed from Grave.send, Long Island, in December, 1663. He was one of the patentees 
under the Alonmouth grant, and his was one of the first five families who made a permanent 
settlement on the tract. The place where he located is in the present township of Holmdel, 
though in the old records he is mentioned as one of the settlers of Middletown — a name which 
was applied to a large and somewhat vaguely defined region. Until Captain Bowne's death, 
in the early part of 1684, he seems to have been the most prominent citizen of the county. 
esteemed for his integrity and ability. He was a deputy to the first Assembly in Governor 
Carteret's time, which met May 26, 1668, the members of the lower house being then called 
"burgesses." He was deputy again in 1675 ; in the first legislature under the twenty-four 
proprietors, in 1683, he was a member, and the Speaker, and he acted until the December 



INTRODUCTORY. xi 

following. He held other positions of trust. March 12, 1677, a commission was issued to 
him as president of the court to hold a term at Middletown. In December, 1683, shortly 
after his last illness, he was appointed major of the militia of Monmouth county. He died 
in January, 1683-4, leaving two sons, Obadiah and John, the latter of whom was also a 
prominent man in the province, and a candidate for the office of Speaker of Assembly 
under Lord Cornbury's administration. 

John Tilton, when he first came from England, located at Lynn, Massachusetts. His 
wife was a Baptist, and in December, 1642, she was indicted for "holdinge that the baptism 
of infants is no ordinance of God." They left Massachusetts with Lady Deborah Moody 
and other Baptists, and settled at Gravesend, Long Island, where again they were made to 
suffer. In 1658, Tilton was fined by the Dutch authorities for allowing a Quaker woman to 
stop at his house. In September, 1662, he was fined for "permitting Quakers to quake at 
his house." In October of the same year himself and wife were summoned before Gov- 
ernor Stuyvesant and Council, charged with having entertained Quakers and frequently 
attending their conventions, and they were ordered to leave the province under pain of 
corporal punishment. They came to Alonmouth among the settlers of 1665. 

William Reape was a Long Island settler and a Quaker, who had been arrested and 
imprisoned by the Dutch Governor, Peter Stuyvesant, who was a mild persecutor of Quakers 
for the reason that his instructions from the States-General required him to discountenance 
all form of religion but that prescribed by the Synod of Dordrecht. Soon after his libera- 
tion Reape went to Newport, Rhode Island, where he engaged in mercantile business, and he 
was living there when he became interested in the Monmouth patent. He was one of the 
settlers who came to the Navesink Indian purchase in 1665. 

Nicholas Davies (or Davis) was living in Massachusetts Bay Colony when the Quakers 
began preaching there, and he became a member of their society, for which offense he was 
indicted in April, 1659, and in July of the same year he was sentenced to death. Mary Dyer, 
whose son Henry was an early Monmouth county settler, William Robinson and Marma- 
duke Stevenson, were sentenced at the same time, and were hung in Boston. Davies's sen- 
tence was commuted to banishment, and he removed to Newport, Rhode Island, where he 
was living when he became interested in the Monmouth Patent. He was drowned about 1672. 

The Rev. Obadiah Holmes was living in 1639 at Salem, Massachusetts, where he was 
engaged with Lawrence Southwick and Ananias Conklin, descendants of both of whom 
became settlers on the Monmouth purchase. Although he never settled on his Monmouth 
lands, he made occasional visits there, one of which was upon the organization of the Bap- 
tist Church at Middletown, which was the first of that denomination in New Jersey and 
the third or fourth in America. Two of his sons, Obadiah and Jonathan, became settlers in 
Monmouth. 

Acting under the authority conferred upon them, the patentees and their associates 
began the establishment of settlements at Middletown and Shrewsbury. Later the same 
year (1665) many settlers came from Long Island and Rhode Island, and during the fol- 
lowing years the number of families in the present territory of the county of Monmouth 
had increased to more than one hundred, reaching the limit which had been set by the set- 
tlers at their general assembly in 1668. The landowners comprised in the settlements, who 
were for the greater number actual residents and heads of families, were named as follows : 

From Massachusetts Bay. — George Allen, WillianL-Giffaid* John Jenkines, Richard Sad- 
ler, Edward Wharton. 

From Rhode Island. — John Allen, Christopher Allmy, Job Allmy, Stephen Arnold, 
James Ashton, Benjamin Borden, Richard Borden, Francis Brindley, Nicholas Brown, 



INTRODUCTORY, 



Abraham lirown. Henry Bull. RubgiLJCarr, {7ieorge Chutte, Walter Clarke, Thomas Clif- 
ton, William Coddington, Joshua Coggeshafl, Edward Cole, Jacob Cole, Joseph Coleman, 
Jolin Cook, Nicholas Davis, Richard Davis, William Deuell, Benjamin Deuell. Thomas 
Dungan, Roger Ellis and son. Peter Easton, Gideon Freeborn, Annias Gauntt, Zachary 
Gauntt, Daniel Gould. John Havens, Robert Hazard, Samuel Holliman. Obadiah Holmes, 
Jonathan Holmes, George Ilulett, Richard James, William James, \\'illiam Layton, James 
Leonard, Henry Li[)i)ctt. Mark Lucar (or Luker). Lewis Mattux, Edward Pattison, Thomas 
Potter, William Reajie, Richard Richardson, \\'illiam Shaberly, Samuel Shaddock, Thomas 
Shaddock. William Shaddock, William Shearman, John Slocum, Edward Smith. John Smith, 
Edward Tartt, Robert Taylor, John Throckmorton, Job Throckmorton, Edward Thurston. 
Eliakim \\'ardell, (George Webb, Bartholomew West. Robert \\'est, Robert West. Jr.. Thomas 
Winterton, Emanuel Woolley. 

From Long Island. — John Bowne, Gerrard Bowne, James Bowne. William Bowne, 
William Compton. John Conkling (earlier from Salem, Massachusetts), Thomas Cox, John 
Cox, Richard Gibbons, \Villiam Goulding, James Grover. James Grover, Jr., William Law- 
rence, Bartholomew Lippincott, Richard Lippincott, Richard Moor, Thomas Moor, John 
Ruckman, Nathaniel Silvester, Benjamin Spicer. Samuel Spicer. John Stout, Richard Stout, 
John Tilton. Nathaniel Tompkins, John Townsend. John \\'all. ^^'alter ^^'all. Thomas 
Wansick, Thomas Whitlock. 

Previous residence unknown except where mentioned: — John Bird, Joseph Boyer, 
William Cheeseman, Edward Crome. Daniel Estell, Ralph Gouldsmith. John Hall, John 
Hance (Westchester, New York), John Haundell, Thomas Hart, John Hawes, James Heard, 
Richard Hartshorn (England), Tobias Haudson, John Horabin, Joseph Hutt, Randall Huet, 
Jr., John Jobs. Robert Jones (New York), Gabriel Kirk, Edmund Lafetra. Francis- Masters. 
George Alount, William Newman, x\nthony Page, Joseph Parker, Peter Parker, Henry 
Percy. Bartholomew Shamgungoe, Richard Sissell, Robert Story, John Tomson, Marmaduke 
Ward. John Wilson, John Wood, Thomas \\'righl. 

July 8, 1670, at an assembly held at Portland Point, the restriction as to the number of 
landowners was so set aside as to admit William Bowne, Thomas Whitlock, John Wilson, 
John Ruckman, Walter W'all, John Smith, Richard Richardson, John Horabin, James 
Bowne, Jonathan Holmes, Christopher Allmy, Eliakim Wardwell, Bartholomew West. John 
Haunce, James Ashton, Edward Pattison, William Shaddock, Thomas Winterton, Edward 
Tartt, Benjamin Burden (Borden), and two years later (in May. 1672). Richard Lippin- 
cott and Nicholas Browne were also admitted. 

Of those mentioned in the foregoing list, the following named, owners of shares in the 
Indian purchase (some being also original grantees under the Monmouth patent), did not 
become settlers, viz.: Henry Bull, Robert Carr, Walter Clarke I patentee), William Cod- 
dington, Joshua Coggeshall, John Coggeshall, Nicholas 
Davis (i)atentee), Zachard Gauntt, Daniel Gould. 
Edward Thurston and Obadiah Plolmes (patentee), all 
of Rhode Island; Nathaniel Sylvester (patentee), of 
Long Island; and John Jenkins and Edward Wharton, 
of Massachusetts Bay. Robert Carr sold his share to 
Giles Slocum. of Newport, Rhode Island, and to his 
son, John Slocum, who became a settler. Zachariah 
Gauntt sold his share to his brother Annias, who also 
became a permanent settler. 

Mention is to be made of some of the early pur- 
chasers under the Monmouth Patent who were inti- 
mately associated with the patentees in the formative 
days of the settlements. 

Edward .Smith, whose name a]3])ears as a purchaser 




INTRODUCTORY. xiii 

of lands within the Alonmouth patent, was one of those who were indicted at Plymouth with 
Rev. Obadiah Holmes and John Hazell, in October, 1650, as before mentioned. 

John Haunce, one of the original settlers of Shrewsbury, was a deputy and overseer at 
a court held at Portland Point, December 28, 1669. He held various positions in the county, 
among which was Justice. He was a deputy to the Assembly in 1668, but refused to take the 
oath of allegiance and would not yield the claims of his people imder the Monmouth Patent, 
and submit to the laws and government of the proprietors when directed against those 
claims, in consequence of which he was rejected as a member, as were also Jonathan 
Holmes, Edward Tartt, and Thomas Winterton, at the same session, for the same reasons. 
Haunce was re-elected a deputy in 1680 and at other times. 

William Shattuck, a native of Boston, about 1656, joined the Quakers in the Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony, and for this offense was whipped and banished. He removed to Rhode 
Island and thence to New Jersey in or about 1665, settling on lands of the Monmouth 
patent. A few years afterward he moved to Burlington. His daughter Hannah married 
Restore Lippincott, son of Richard Lippincott. 

Samuel Shattock (or Shaddock), a settler on the Navesink purchase, was a Massachu- 
setts Quaker, who removed thence to Rhode Island before his settlement in New Jersey. 

John and Job Throckmorton, ancestors of the numerous Throckmortons of the present 
time in Monmouth county, were settlers between 1665 and 1667. They were sons of John 
Throckmorton, who, with Thomas James, William Arnold, Edward Cole and Ezekiel Hol- 
liman (or more properly, Holman), came from England in the same ship with Roger 
Williams, and all of whom are mentioned by Williams as his friends and associates in an 
account written by him in 1638. John Throckmorton was among the first settlers at Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island, and was afterward in Westchester, New York, with Ann Hutchin- 
son. After she was killed by the Indians he still held his lands in \\^estchester and on 
Long Island, but returned to Providence, where he spent most of his time and held his citi- 
zenship. 

John Smith came to the Monmouth great tract with the early settlers, and was the 
first "schoolmaster" of Aliddletown. He was the same person, who, with three others, 
accompanied Roger Williams on his first exploration journey to Rhode Island. Edward 
Smith, who was also a settler in Monmouth, left Massachusetts Bay with John Smith, the 
teacher, because of the persecution against them as Baptists. 

Richard Hartshorne came to New Jersey in September, 1669, and located in Middle- 
town. Sandy Hook was first held under a grant to him in 1667. He was a Quaker, and an 
account of this country written by him and circulated in England induced considerable emi- 
gration. A letter from him, dated November 12, 1675, is one of a collection printed in 
1676, a fac-simile of which is in the New Jersey Historical Society Library. In 1684 he 
was appointed one of Deputy-Governor Lawry's Council. In the succeeding year he was 
elected to the General Assembly from Middletown ; was chosen Speaker in 1686, and 
held that position at other times. March, 1698, he became one of Governor Basse's Coun- 
cil. He still continued to hold his seat as a member of the Assembly, and filled both posi- 
tions until the surrender of the government to the crown. 

Eliakim Wardell, one of the associate patentees of Monmouth, had lived near Hamp- 
ton, New Hampshire, where he and his wife were imprisoned, whipped and banished 
because of their Quaker principles. They removed to Rhode Island, and thence to New 
Jersey, where he became one of the early settlers on the Monmouth Patent, and was the 
first Sheriff of the county in 1683. 

Christopher Allmy, who was at one time Deputy Governor of Rhode Island, came from 



xiv INTRODUCTORY. 

that colony to settle on the Monmouth lands, in 1665 or 1666. He became one of the asso- 
ciate patentees, and remained an inhabitant of Monmouth County for several years, during 
which time he ran a sloop between Wakake Landing and the Rhode Island ports. He 
finally left New Jersey and, returned to Rhode Island. 

The Quaker influence was remarkably strong in the formative days of the Jerseys — 
an influence which has remained to the present day. Major John Fenwick, who had served 
as major in the Parliamentarian army in England, and afterwards became a member of the 
Society of Friends, in Alarch, 1673-74, purchased a half interest in the New Jersey colony 
from Lord Berkeley. He associated with himself Edward Byllynge, also a Friend, with 
the purpose of establishing in America a home for their sect, thus hoping to consummate 
a wish and belief of George Fox. In time, disputes as to title arose between Fenwick and 
Byllynge. William Penn was agreed upon to arbitrate between them, and he awarded to 
Fenwick one-tenth, with a certain sum of money, and to Byllynge nine-tenths. Byllynge 
subsequently, under stress of financial embarrassment, sold his entire and undivided interest 
to \\'illiam Penn, Gawen Lawry and Nicholas Lucas, all Friends, in trust, for the benefit of 
his creditors, and they afterward became possessed of Fenwick's interest also. Thereafter, 
certain grants covering some portions of the same territory were made by the Duke of York 
to Sir George Carteret, and Fenwick was forbidden recognition as owner of lands situated 
upon the Delaware river. Fenwick, however, persisted in his colonization endeavors, and in 
1676 laid out "The liberties of Cohansen and Alloways, and undertook the settlement of 
Salem." Finally, Fenwick sold his interest, and practically disappears. 

On July I, 1676, the colonies of East Jersey and West Jersey were separated under a 
deed which established what was known as "the Province Line," extending from Little Egg 
Harbor to the Delaware river at 41 40 north latitude. The portion known as East Jersey 
was awarded to Sir George Carteret ; that known as A\'est Jersey to Penn and his associ- 
ates — Gawen Lawry, Nicholas Lucas and Edward Byllynge. 

Penn at once gave himself industriously to the work of colonization. He procured the 
formation in England of two colonizing associations of Friends, one in Yorkshire, the other 
in London, and at the same time the Byllynge trustees held out inducements to immigrants. 

To Penn, however, attaches the greatest fame for the peopling of W'est Jersey. To him 
is attributed the framing of the "Concessions and Agreements of the Proprietors. Free- 
holders and inhabitants of West New Jersey in America" — a document which "unquestion- 
ably gave to the spirit of democracy a wider range than had any like expression of Anglo- 
Saxon law," and "in which may be found the dominating principles underlying the 'Bill of 
Rights' which formed so prominent a part of the later Federal and State constitutions." Its 
provisions are remarkably liberal. To the people was committed all purely local regulations ; 
the Proprietors held for themselves a mere semblance of authority. Ten "honest and able 
men" were to be elected as commissioners. A General Assembly was to be also elected, and 
in which was guaranteed full liberty of speech. Courts were established, the local justices 
and constables to be elected directly by the people. Equal assessment and taxation were 
guaranteed. Above all, it was decreed that "No man nor number of men upon earth hath 
power or authority to rule over men's conscience in religious matters." 

The response from the Mother Country was prompt. In 1677, the year following the 
promulgation of the "Concessions," the ship "Kent," with the proprietory commissioners and 
two hundred and thirty emigrants, entered the Delaware and settled at the present site of 
Burlington. Later the same year and in 1678 new arrivals occupied the First and Second 
"Tenths," between the Rancacos river and Assanpink creek, in greater part the river front 
of old Burlington county. 



xvi INTRODUCTORY. 

In 1680, under a second grant made by the Duke of York, West Jersey was conveyed to 
William Penn, Edward Byllinge. Gawen Lawry, Nicholas Lucas, John Eldridge and Edward 
Warner, the two last named having become possessed of the Fenwick interest. This grant 
covered the free use of all bays, rivers and waters, for navigation, fishing, trade, etc. 

The administration of the Province of East Jersey was devolved upon Lady Elizabeth 
Carteret by the death of her husband, and in the settlement, in 1681-2, Lady Carteret and 
eight trustees acting with her, sold East Jersey for the sum of £3,400 to William Penn and 
eleven other grantees named in the deed, a majority of whom were Quaker yeomen, and 
all Englishmen : William Penn, Robert West, Thomas Rudyard, Samuel Groome, Thomas 
Hart, Richard Mew, Thomas Wilcox, Ambrose Rigg, John Heywood, Hugh Hartshorn, 
Clement Plumstead and Thomas Cooper. In 1682 Penn purchased all the right to the title 
of John Fenwick in West Jersey, and the twelve proprietors associated with themselves 
twelve others, viz. : James, Earl of Perth, John Drummond, Robert Barclay, David Bar- 
clay, Jr., Robert Gordon and Arent Sonmans, all Scotchmen ; and Gawen Lawry, Edward 
Byllinge, James Braine, William Gibson, Thomas Booker, Robert Turner and Thomas 
Warne. Englishmen. The sale to these twenty-four proprietors was confirmed by the Duke 
of York, March 14, 1682-83, and their rights were further confirmed by King Charles II 
on November 23, 1683. 

These proprietors now included not only Friends, but Dissenters, Roman Catholics, and 
a small but sturdy representation of Scots. Their influence in the Mother Country extended 
practically to all parts of the United Kingdom, and brought a large immigration from 
all classes. 

In 1687 Edward Byllynge died, and his interest in West Jersey was by his heirs vested 
in Dr. Samuel Cox, who, on March 4, 1691, .sold to a land association, the W^est Jersey 
Society, all his lands, including a large acreage in East Jersey and West Jersey, also land 
in New Hampshire and Pennsylvania; the deed mentions a pottery in Burlington, three lots 
in Perth Amboy, Gloucester and Egg Harbor, and also lands in Cape May and on the 
Maurice river. The Council of Proprietors of West Jersey was organized on a basis similar 
to that of East Jersey. In 1702 the interests of both were surrendered to the Crown, and 
from that time begins the real political history of New Jersey, in geographical and govern- 
mental forms practically unaltered to the present time, except in its separation from the 
Mother Country at the time of the Revolution. 

With the topics last mentioned above we have at this time no concern. The People, 
and what they wrought, is briefly our theme, and religion and education claim our jirincipal 
attention, as attesting the lofty character of many of the early settlers, and also as commem- 
orating the splendid results of their effort. 

If there is aught in the history of New Jersey that is so completely established as to be 
wholly outside the pale of controversy, it is a fact that the early colonists were a deeply 
religious people. Indeed, had they been less conscientious and less unyielding as religion- 
ists, the political structure which they reared would doubtless have been of other and less 
impressive design. 

The early Dutch colonists may be said to have brought their church with them when 
they settled in New Netherland. To them, a place of worship was as necessary as a dwelling, 
and we never find any settlement without discovering some arrangement for divine services. 
As they increased in numbers, and more industries were needed, they turned to their own 
youth for their spiritual leaders, and founded their own literary and theological schools. At 
Bergen, in 1660, was established the I )utoli Church, the oldest in what is now New Jersey, 
and there too, in 1664, was opened a school — the first of which authentic record exists, in 



INTRODUCTORY. . xvii 

all that territory. In 1765, according to Samuel Smith's "History of the Colony of Nova 
Caesarea, or New Jersey," there were two Dutch meeting houses in Ilergen county, five in 
Sussex, two in Essex, one in Hunterdon, and one in Middlesex; while the Dutch and 
German Lutheran had six in Somerset, Bergen, Hunterdon, Sussex and Salem counties. 

In 1775 (possibly a few years earlier) the Reformed Dutch Church opened, at New 
Brunswick, Queen's College, which since the Revolution has been known as Rutgers Col- 
lege. In 1784 the Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church in America was founded 
at New Brunswick, for the education of young men for the ministry, obviating the former 
necessity of bringing clergymen from Holland. 

The first of the Scotch Presbyterians who came were driven out of their native land by 
cruel persecutions. Refusing to engage in prelatic worship, and persisting in attending 
conventicles, these poor people were despoiled of their property, thrown into prison, and 
banished. About one hundred men and women were imprisoned in Dunattor Castle, where 
they were treated with great severity, stinted for food and water, and cramped for want of 
room. Many were tortured for attempting to escape. Late in the summer of 1685 the 
prisoners were driven to the seacoast, a distance of about sixty miles, many with their 
hands tied behind their backs. A number of them were placed under the charge of George 
Scott, laird of Pitlochie, who had chartered a vessel to convey him to New Jersey, to escape 
the persecution which his religion had brought upon him. The voyagers suffered severely 
from a virulent fever, and three-score of their number, among them the Laird and his wife, 
died during the voyage. The survivors reached Perth Amboy, in December. 

These expatiated Scotch were among the founders of the Presbyterian Church in 
America. A number of these people settled (about 1685) near the site of the present village 
of Mattawan, in Monmouth county, and named the place New Aberdeen, while others of 
their company went farther and located at what they called Free Hill, about five miles 
northwest of the present town of Freehold, and there founded the ''Old Scots Church." 
For this, the claim has been made that it was "the first one settled with the gospel ministry 
in Ea.st Jersey, west (south) of the Raritan river. It is doubtful if this is entirely accurate, 
but it is scarcely to be questioned that it was the first recognized Presbyterian Church in 
that region, and the "Small begiiming of a great stream of organized American Presby- 
terianism." 

On December 2"]. 1710, this spot, destined to remain historic for all time, was the 
scene of a memorable event — a meeting of a Presbytery, and the ordination of a minister — 
the first, in either case, in America — John Boyd, who came from Scotland for the purpose, 
was the ordained clergyman. He died two years later, and more than one hundred and 
seventy-five years later, his burial stone was placed in the Presbyterian Building in Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, and replaced with a beautiful and enduring monument, and which 
was unveiled June 14, 1900, by Walter Kerr, of New York City, a lineal descendant of 
Walter Ker, the founder and first elder of "Old Scots Church." 

Intimately connected with the history of '"Old Scots Church" is that of '"Old Tennent 
Church," near the village of Freehold and the Monmouth battlefield, and which enjoyed the 
ministrations of Rev. John Tennent and his brother William — sons of Rev. William 
Tennent, Sr., the founder of the "Log College," ever famous in the educational annals of 
Pennsylvania and New Jersey. 

The Quakers, or Friends, built a meeting house in Shrewsbury, Monmouth county, in 
1672, according to the journal of George Fox. George Leith was the leader. Other denomi- 
nations, or sects, established themselves later. 

In this brief resume, omission cannot be made of the great religious movement led by 



xviii - INTRODUCTORY. 

George Whitefield, a religious enthusiast, and an associate of the two Wesleys — John and 
Charles. Whitefield came to America in 1738. and after some missionary work in Georgia 
and Pennsylvania, came to New Jersey late in 1739. He preached in Burlington, New 
Brunswick and elsewhere. Again in New Brunswick, in April, 1740, he addressed seven 
thousand people. J'roceeding to other points, he was assisted by Rev. Gilbert Tennenl, 
eldest son of Rev. \\'illiam Tennent, Sr., founder of "The Log College," and who deliv- 
ered a discourse on "The Danger of the Uncoveted Ministry," and which was the occa- 
sion for tiic division of the Presbyterian Church into the "old" and "new" side factions. 
.America ne\er \\ itnc-ssed such demonstrations as attended these meetings. "In the wake of 
the revivals went up the shouts of the converted, the cries of those who had not availed 
tlieuisel\e> nf present nijportunities. Men dreamed and saw visions, after they had fallen 
up<in the gniuud, so ])owerfully had they been moved by the preaching." 

Education well kept pace with religion. In the village of Bergen, in 1664, was estab- 
lished, so far as can be known from authentic records, the first school in New Jersey, which, 
under the ])rcivisions of Governor Carteret's charter, was to be supported by a tract of land 
exeni[)t from taxes or other charges. In 1669 Woodbridge was empowered to sustain a 
sch(X5l from the pnx-eeds of certain lands "set apart for education." In 1676 a well-qualified 
schoolmaster was teaching in Newark. In 1693 the East Jersey legislature, in a statute set- 
ting forili that "the cultivation of learning and good manners tends greatly to the good and 
hnutit ot' niankin<l," |)rovided for schoolmasters and their support by bodies similar to our 
IHesent boards of ciiucation. I'^inally, on October 22, 1746, was chartered the College of New 
Jersey, which in our own day has developed into the magnificent Princeton University. It 
is curious, in looking back, to note that the beginnings of this institution were due to the 
great religious feeling which grew out of the Whitefield revivals, as well as the more calm 
and better considered thought of the Presbyterian element. 

I'Vom such forbears as are hereinbefore written of, came nearly all the ]iresent-day 
families of Xfw Jersfv who are the subjects of the pages which follow, and are the inheritors 
of a splendid legacy of beneficence. 

"l'"or Good is not a shapely mass of stone. 
Worked by man's hands, and carved by him alone. 
It is a seed God suffers some to sow ; 
Others will reap, and when the harvests grow 
lie giveth increase through all coming years, 
.\nd lets men reap in joy, seed that was sown in tears." 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



In the century and 
FRELINGHUYSEN three-quarters dur- 
ing which the Fre- 
linghuysens have been identified with the his- 
tory of this country, they have given to New 
Jersey and the United States more great and 
distinguished men in proportion to their nu- 
merical strength as a body of individuals than 
almost any other family. According to a con- 
tinual stream of testimony from contempora- 
ries down to the present day, it is the founder 
of the family who placed the Dutch Reformed 
religion on a permanent footing in New Jer- 
sey, and made the Raritan district its garden 
spot. According to the same witness, every 
one of its five sons was equally gifted, and 
though three of them were cut off in their 
prime, to the eldest is due the independence 
of the Dutch church in America, and the sec- 
ond son's labors have Queen's, now Rutgers 
College, as their monument. In the third gen- 
eration, the single male representative of the 
family belongs, not to county or colony, but 
to country as a continental congressman and 
revolutionary colonel, afterwards becoming 
brigadier-general, United States army ; while 
in the next two generations, all of the 
general's sons became distinguished at the 
bar and in the federal service, and a grand- 
son became one of the foremost senators of 
the reconstruction period, and a United States 
secretary of state. And lastly, the sixth gen- 
eration, out of seven living representatives of 
the family and name, contains a state senator 
and three more than prominent business men. 
(I) The founder of the family, the Rev. 
Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen, was born 
at Lingen, in East Friesland, now the north- 
west part of the province of Hanover, about 
1691. His father was the Rev. Johannes 
Henricns Frelinghuysen, pastor of the Dutch 
Reformed church in his son's birthplace, and 
his brother was Matthias David Frelinghuysen, 
who settled at Hartigen, Holland. His early 
education and his preparation for the sacred 
ministery were given to him by his father and 
the Rev. Otto Verbrugge, afterwards professor 
of theology and oriental languages at Gronin- 
gen. In 17 17 he was ordained by the Classis 

(I 



of Embden, his examiner being the Rev. 
Johannes Brunius, and in the following year 
we find this minute, under date of June 5, 
1718, in the Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam: 
"Rev. Matthias Wlnterwyck, minister at Al- 
phen, together with Messrs. Banker and van 
der Meulen, appeared before the Classis and 
exhibited an instrument from the congregation 
at Raritan, in the province of New Jersey, by 
which they are authorized to call a minister for 
those churches. They declared that they had 
chosen for this purpose, the Rev. Theodorus 
Jacobus Frelinghuysen, formerly minister at 
Lochimer X'oorwerk, in East Friesland, now 
Co-Rector at Enckhuysen, with the request 
that the Classis would please to approve his 
call, and ordain him to the Sacred Ministry. 
Where-upon the Rev. Frelinghuysen, having 
come within, declared that he accepted said 
call in the fear of the Lord. He handed in at 
the same time an excellent testimonial from 
the Coetus of Embden. The Classis having 
taken all things into consideration, approved 
the call, and ordained him to the Sacred Min- 
istry. He also signed the Formulje of Con- 
cord, and promised to correspond with the 
Classis." (vol. X, page 99). About a year 
after this, the Synod of North Holland, in 
Article 35 of its session of July-August, 1719, 
notes in its classical changes : "Sent to Rari- 
tan in the province of New Jersey: Rev. Ja- 
cobus Theodorus van Frelinghuysen ;" and six 
months later, in the beginning of January, 
1720, he landed in New York from the ship 
"King George," Captain Jacob Goelet, master; 
and January 17, 1720, held his first public 
service and received his recognition by the 
American Dutch church, preaching for the 
Rev. Henry Boel in one of the collegiate 
churches of the city. Such was the entrance 
upon his ministry of the man who has ex- 
erted the most permanent influence upon the 
history of the Dutch church in this country, 
and whose principles have shaped its character 
and destinv in America. George Whitefield, 
Jonathan Edwards and the Rev. Gilbert Ten- 
nant, all speak of him as "one of the greatest 
divines of the .American church," and as being 
a devout soul, filled with religious zeal, keen 
) 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



spiritual insight and remarkable intellectual 
abilities and attainments. To him more than 
any one else is due the revival of religion in 
New Jersey at the time of the "(jreat Awak- 
ening" ; he was the first pastor of the Re- 
formed church to train up young men for the 
ministry, the tirst to favor and work for the 
independence of the church in this country. 
.Although he did not live to take part in its as- 
semblies, he was one of the initiators of the 
movement for a Coetus in America, and it 
was largely owing to his zeal, his foresight and 
his prosecutions that the reorganization of the 
Dutch church was accomplished. He was 
probably also the first to suggest a college foi 
the denomination in which to train young mcr. 
for the ministry. When Dominie Freling- 
huysen entered upon his work there was almost 
everything to dishearten and almost nothing 
tt) encourage. Aside from sparse population, 
settlements far apart, bridle-path roads and 
unbridged rivers and streams, the religious 
condition of the Dutch church in the new 
world was most unsatisfactory. ¥ov nearh 
forty years they had been living in a new and 
uncultivated country, and hearing the Gospel 
• only a few times in the year ; a whole genera- 
tion had been born and educated without pub- 
lic worshi]) ; while the schools were no better 
than the churches. The outward firms had 
been retained but the spirit of rehgion was 
largely wanting. The wear and tear on mind 
and body in the struggle for existence in, and 
the battle to overcome the wilderness, the un- 
settled .state of political affairs, the ecclesiasti- 
cal subjection to a governing body whose de- 
cisions must necessarily be theoretical and 
based on hearsay evidence as well as delivered 
a long time after the need for them had risen, 
all this had resulted in a condition of chronic 
bickering and almost cantankerous faultfinding 
among the religiously zealous and in the fall- 
ing away into carelessness of life and indif- 
ference to principle of the great majority. A 
generation had grown up jealous of their 
Protestant forms and ceremonies, but really 
caring very little about tlie inner life and 
spirit of religion. 

i'revious to 1720, Dominie Bertholf, when 
pastor of all northern New Jersey and a con- 
siderable ])ortion of New York, visited the 
Raritan region about twice a year ; and when 
Dominie l'"relinghuysen arrived there were 
three churches more or less completely organ- 
ized, Raritan, now the First Church of Somer- 
ville, since 1699; Three Mile Run, now the 
First of New Brunswick, or Franklin Park, in 



1703; and North Branch, now Readington, in 
1 7 19. What was then a missionary station 
at Six Mile Run became later the "Millstone 
church" and is now the church at Harlingen. 
January 31, 1720, the new pastor preached 
his first sermon at Raritan from 2 Corinthians, 
5:20; and with the zeal and earnestness which 
has won him the title of "New Jersey's father 
of evangelical religion," he began laboring to 
instil into the hearts of his flock genuine piety 
and real practical religion. With all his great- 
ness, however, the good Dominie was not fault- 
less : and though strong in act, the records 
show that sometimes he was anything but per- 
suasive in manner; and in consequence he 
more than once gave his opponents handles on 
which they afterwards based some of their 
charges against him. This was also one of 
the main reasons the Classis finally decided 
against him, resenting his vigorous language 
and certain quite true but very emphatic scrip- 
tural epithets he employed ; although they 
based their adverse judgment on what we must 
admit were mistakes on his part. He was in- 
accurate in the form of the Citations, and his 
exercise of the Ban, or excommunication, was 
not exactly regular : but these were side issues. 
The princi])les he fought for were of vital im- 
])ortancc to the life and wellbeing of the Re- 
formed religion in this country ; the pai ties 
so bitterly complained of and warred against. 
Erelinghuysen, Schureman and Hendrick 
Fi.sher, have always been held in the highest 
esteem, both in church and state, and the ulti- 
mate moral result of Frelinghuysen's course, 
however criticized at the time, have been only 
beneficial. The locality where he officiated 
has been known ever since as the "Garden of 
the Dutch Church," and "the whole Raritan 
region has felt the benefit of his ministry down 
to the [iresent day." 

Shortly after assuming charge, Erelinghuy- 
sen ])reached three sermons: i. on Jsaiah, 
66:2, "The yiooT and contrite, (iod's temple"; 
2. on I Corinthians, 11:29, "The acceptable 
communicant"; and 3. on S. Mat., 16:19, "The 
Church's duty to her members." In these he 
laid great stress on the propositions that true 
piety will manifest itself in a godly life, that 
the real Christian will detach himself as much 
as may be from the things of this world and 
cultivate the sj)irit as well as the forms of 
prayer ; that only such as are striving to do 
this are W'Orthy partakers of the Lord's Table; 
and that it is the duty of the church to exclude 
from the Sacrament all that are unworthy. 
This teaching was perfectly orthodox, and 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



3 



agreed with that of the most eminent divines 
in Holland, and also with the great body of 
IVeshyterian divinity in Europe and America 
both before and after his time; but, enforced 
as it was in his parochial ministrations and 
practice it gave great otTense, a number with- 
drew from his ministry and defended their step 
by saying his teaching was heretical. As usual, 
all sorts of gossipy slanders arose, and while 
refusing to vindicate himself from these, Fre- 
linghuysen, at the urging of some of his friends, 
hail his sermons "Printed at New York bj' 
W'm. Bradford. 1721." The preface is dated 
June 15, and the sermons are strongly endorsed 
by the Rev. William Bartholf, Frelinghuysen's 
predecessor, and the Rev. Pjcrnard Freeman, 
of Long Island. Meanwhile the aggrieved 
persons had sought an alliance with the Rev. 
Ilenrv lloel, who had taken umbrage at a let- 
ter which F"relinghuysen had written him, and 
Boel's colleague, the Rev. Walter Du Bois ; 
and the same ship that bore the sermons to 
the luother country carried also to the Classis 
of Amsterdam those Dominies' testimony to a 
gossipy charge that in Holland, Frelinghuysen 
had insulted Mr. W. Bancker by disparaging 
his nephew ; and that "while at sea. Rev. Fre- 
linghuysen had condemned most of the preach- 
ers in Holland ; and he also declared that he 
thought but little of those at Amsterdam." 
These charges, apparently, were at first dis- 
missed ; the sermons were approved by the 
university of Griningen, and later on, when 
the controversy assumed a more serious phase, 
one of its professors, the Rev. Johannes Ver- 
schuir, published his "Truth Triumphant" in 
Frelinghuysen's behalf. 

For about two years, the disaffection stead- 
ily grew, intensified probably by the fact that 
Frelinghuysen's evangelical zeal and labors 
were being crowned with marked success, and 
gathering around him a strong body of ad- 
herents in whose conversion he had been in- 
strumental, and whose practical self-denying 
lives were a standing rebuke to the formal re- 
ligion and easy-going lives of their neighbors. 
Finally, March 12, 1723, Peter Du Mont, 
Symon Wyckolif and Hendrick Vroom tried 
to enlist on their side the Rev. Bernard Free- 
man, who would have nothing to do with them, 
telling them very plainly, "Xow do I perceive 
that you are all affected by the spirit of hatred 
and revenge. Because he sharply exposes sin. 
you try to help the devil, therefore I will have 
nothing to do with you except for the establish- 
ment of peace ; and that you follow the advice 
to appear with your complaints before your 



Consistory; and that you receive a written 
answer by which it shall be shown whether 
your pastor teaches true or false doctrine." 

P)y this time, matters had reached such a 
point that Frelinghuysen and his consistories, 
after obtaining a sworn statement from Do- 
minie P'reeman in regard to the above men- 
tioned visit, took the matter formally up, and 
issued March 28, May 9, and May 22, 1723, 
three "Citations * * * to the Heads and 
Leaders of the Separate and Seceded Congre- 
gation," "specifying Du Mont, Wyckoff and 
\'room" as the persons they mean, and calling 
upon them to appear before the Consistory and 
prove their charges. On their ignoring these 
citations and continuing as before, Freling- 
huysen and his consistory disciplined four of 
them by excommunication "so that his sacred 
ministrations might not be hindered; and that 
his name and office might be freed from slan- 
der before the Governor." The opposition now 
determined to systematize their elTorts, and to 
this end they appointed the four ex-communi- 
cates, Du Mont, Wyckoff, Vroom and Daniel 
Sebring a committee "to correspond with Revs. 
Du Bois, Antonides, Boel, and others, who 
might be pleased to help us according to the 
Rules of the Church * * * ^^ defend our- 
selves publicly in print, and choose our own time 
to do this." For two years, until February or 
.March, 1725, nothing more seems to be heard 
from them, when they published their famous 
"Complaint,'' or "Reply," in which they scored 
not only Frelinghuysen and his Consistory but 
also those who were friendly to him, especially 
Dominies Freeman and Cornelius \'an Sant- 
voordt. This document, "printed in New- 
York by William Bradford and J- Peter 
Zenger," is a volume of 146 pages; an Eng- 
lish translation of it in the archives of the 
General Synod covers 323 pages of manu- 
script. A few advance copies of the "Cita- 
tions" and the "Reply" proper were first 
printed. One of these fell into Freeman's 
liands and he immediately answered it with 
his "Defense," a pamphlet of 125 pages, and 
despatched both together with a letter to the 
Classis of Amsterdam. The complainants 
met this by adding a sixteen page preface; 
and then finding that their book was not hav- 
ing the effect they intended — Freeman says 
"It is scorned by all honest people. Mean- 
while God blesses theministry of Rev. Freling- 
huysen with many exhibitions of genuine 
I)iety" — they procured from certain ministers 
a declaration "Justifying the complaints in 
publishing their volume." Tliis is signed bv 



STATK ()!• NEW JERSEY. 



Dominies Walter Du Bois of New York, \"on- 
cent Antonides of Long Island, Petriis \'a3 
of Kingston and Plenry Boel ; while Dominie 
Petrus \'an Driessen of Albany "prays that 
a blessing may rest on the finislied work," and 
Dominie Thomas Brouwer of Schenectady 
"gives assurance of his high regard," for the 
wcH'k. To all this, the complaints added a set 
of poems more or less ironical, ridiculing Fre- 
linghuysen's position for demanding his style 
of piety, commending those who are supposed 
to hold" fast to the "established forms of doc- 
trine and discipline of the Dutch church, and 
bidding the "Complaint" forth on its mission. 
Then they despatched the completed work to 
the Classis at Amsterdam in such haste that 
they were obliged to follow it on the next 
ship with a letter of apology and explanation ; 
while Dominie \'an Santvoordt publishes a 
second answer under the title of a "Dialogue 
between Considerans and Candidus," the first 
representing the Frelinghuysen side and the 
latter his opponents', and presenting another 
inside view of the whole controversy. 

This "Complaint," which is evidently the 
work of a shrewd lawyer, and is almost cer- 
tainly the composition of Lawyer Boel, the 
Dominie's brother, whose handiwork is also 
clearly marked in the complainants' letters to 
Holland, puts an entirely new phase upon the 
dispute. At this date there were in New York 
and New Jersey but seven Dutch ministers: 
besides Frelinghuysen, Bertholf, now enfee- 
bled and soon to be superseded at Acquack- 
ononck, Du Bois and Boel in New York, Free- 
man and Antonides on Long Island, and Van 
Santvoordt on Staten Island. These few men 
could not possibly meet the needs of the con- 
stantly increasing population of the territory 
under their charge; and Frelinghuysen, Free- 
man and Van Santvoordt clearly foresaw that 
radical changes must be brought about to make 
the church's work effective. More ministers 
than could be obtained from Europe were, a 
necessity ; and a more complete organization 
with large powers of self-government to con- 
trol the unruly and meet the exigencies of the 
times was imperative. These changes could 
not be wrought at once, and meanwhile some- 
thing must be done even if the letter of the 
canons was infringed or broken. On the 
other hand, the remaining ministers repre- 
sented the ultra-conservative element, which 
was afraid of innovation and believed that 
exact order, forms and rules must be main- 
tained at any expense of convenience or pro- 
gress. The "Complaint," while it professes 



to be simply an a])peal for justice against the 
highhanded and unprincipled acts of a teacher 
of false doctrines, skillfully insinuates 
throughout that Frelinghuysen and his adher- 
ents are dangerous innovators and destroyers 
of established forms and as holding the 
Classis and the Reformed religion in great 
contempt : and in their letter of explanation 
to the Classis the complainants urge this even 
more explicitly. It is a masterly retreat from 
an absolutely indefensible position to a battle- 
ground of politics and society as well as re- 
ligion which has in all ages been fought over 
with varying success ; it is no longer a con- 
flict between a parish and certain of her dis- 
ciplined members ; it has become the old strug- 
gle between conservatism and radicalism in the 
church : from now on it is really a question 
of home rule versus imperial control. 

The Classis reduced the "Complaint" to sev- 
enteen specific accusations and, having asked 
for and received Frelinghuysen's answer 
thereto, twentv folio pages, they decided that 
"the difficulty seems chiefly to have been op- 
position to Rev. Frelinghuysen, and his man- 
ner of .saying and doing things" ; that he had 
no right to excommunicate "without the pre- 
vious knowledge of the Classis" ; that the ac- 
cusation of heterodoxy was "flippant"; and 
that the complainants had been guilty of "mis- 
representations of even the most important 
words and deeds." They, however, reserved 
any final decision in the interests of peace and 
justice, and "because both sides seem to desire 
to debate concerning our Tribunal and our 
ecclesiastical jurisdiction; and under a foreign 
power our ecclesiastical decision could not be 
carried out by any effectual instrumentality." 
They then wrote to both parties to come to 
terms of peace, adding at the end of each letter 
this postscript: "P. S. If any amicable recon- 
ciliation cannot be eiTected, Classis retains the 
liberty either to pronounce judgment thereon 
herself: or if it seems necessary, to refer the 
whole subject to the decision of the Christian 
Synod of North Holland." 

Owing to the unavoidable delays accom- 
|)anying transatlantic correspondence, this de- 
cision of the Classis was not reached until May 
3, 1728, and the letters to Frelinghuysen and 
the complainants were not finished until June 
27 and 28, 1728. These last reached Raritan 
about the end of January, 1729; and on April 
19, 1729, after several interview's with his op- 
|)oncnts, Frelinghuysen offered to remove the 
ban and receive the complaints as mem- 
bers of the church provided that they are 



STATE OF NI'W H'.RSEY. 



willing over tiieir own signatures "to make 
confession of guilt (for their improper con- 
duct regarding his teaching), and to recognize 
me as an orthodox minister." The com- 
plaints rejected these overtures and wrote to 
the Classis, November 20, 1729, for a new 
minister at Three Mile Run — they had for 
some time previously, contrary to the canons, 
and using their barns for churches, been em- 
ploying the services of Dominie Henry Coens 
of Acquackononck ( i. e., Passaic) — and April 
6, 1730. assuring the Classis that they had 
done all they could to seek peace but that they 
could not join themselves with Frelinghuysen 
and his Consistory "because they disregarded 
the Discipline, Lithurgy and pure Administra- 
tion of the Sacraments of the Dutch Church ; 
and have allowed an English dissenter to offici- 
ate in the services." This dissenter was the 
Rev. Gilbert Tennant, who was regularly min- 
istering to the English population there, and 
whom Frelinghuysen had occasionally per- 
mitted to use one of his churches for that 
purpose. 

Meanwhile, Frelinghuysen, who in 1729 had 
published his two sermons on I Peter 4:18. 
"The righteous scarcely saved," and "The mis- 
erable end of the ungodly," was taken seriously 
ill, at one time his life being despaired of, and 
for nearly a year was unable to attend to any 
duties whatever. The sickness seems to have 
been a form of neurasthenia resulting from 
the persecution to which he had been sub- 
jected ; but his enemies gleefully hailed it as 
"insanity." and made the most of their op- 
portunity to stir up the Classis against him 
So great was their success, that the Classis, 
September i, 1732, records the following min- 
ute: "On accordance with a resolution of the 
Classis (July 21, 1732), a minister was granted 
to the people of Millstone (now Harlingen). 
and they were notified to that et¥ect (July 25, 
1732). In regard to the ])cople of Raritan, 
it was resolved to write to Rev. Frelinghuysen 
that he must make his peace with the dis- 
affected ones, and that within the space of 
three months ; otherwise the disaffected ones 
shall have liberty to join the people of Mill- 
stone, and together they may choose a minis- 
ter ; also that Rev. F'relinghuysen must keep 
himself to the Church Order and Formulre of 
the Netherlands" (Acts xi. 82). The Classis 
had previously, April 2, 1731, arbitrarily re- 
moved the ban. October 25, 1732. they com- 
municated this decision to Frelinghuysen and 
November 18, 1733, after much written dis- 
cussion between the jiarties concerned, "Peace 



.-Vrticles" were accepted and read by I'rehng- 
huysen from the pulpit, at New Pirunswick, 
January i, at Raritan. January 8, and so on 
successively in all the churches. (.\cts xxii. 
333"334)- Nine of the eleven articles refer 
to matters of detail such as the release from 
the ban and the privileges to be accorded to 
the disaffected ones. etc.. and here Freling- 
huysen shows his greatness by giving his op- 
ponents the victory, and as reward gains the 
points for which he had contended ever since 
the ])ublishing of the "Complaint" : that the 
church order, etc.^ were to be adhered to only 
at least in so far as this is practicable and pos- 
sible in these regions": (Article 3) ; and that 
all differences were to be decided by "the im- 
partial judgment of the two nearest churches 
or ministers, but only in the neighborhood" 
( Article 11). 

This was the practical ending of the (|uarrel. 
although the results were not .so satisfactory 
as might be expected. Only a few of the dis- 
contented ones returned to their allegiance: 
the remainder drifted ott to other consistories 
nr remained to cause more trouble. Through- 
out the remaining years of his life, he died in 
1747 or 1748, Dominie Frelinghuysen contin- 
ued to suffer annoyance and vexation and his 
son, John, who succeeded him. waged the same 
battle until the Sejiteniber session of the Coe- 
tus in New York. 1 75 1, which decided that a 
jjastor's decision must stand, or be submitted 
to a court of arbitration chosen by both sides. 
whose decision should be final. 

One result of the Raritan dispute was to 
awaken the Classis to the need of a better or- 
ganization of the church in this country ; and 
accordingly. January 11. 1735. they wrote to 
the ministers at New York, detailing their 
■"embarassment in expressing a final decision 
ujjon the case of Rev. Frelinghuysen." and 
adding "we should be especially pleased if 
we could receive from you some Plan, which 
might tend to promote the union of the Dutch 
churches in your portion of the world. 
* * * either by holding a yearly Conven- 
tion, or in such other way as you think best." 
Consequently April 27. 1738, a committee rep- 
resenting nearly all the consistories in New 
York and New Jersey, the first three members 
of which were Freeman, \'an Santvoordt and 
[■"relinghuysen. sent to Holland for approval 
the "I)raft-Constitution for a Coetus." Nine 
years later this was granted by the Classis. and 
the Coetus organized and proceeded to busi- 
ness September 8 and 9, 1747. Dominie Fre- 
linghuysen was not present, but sent a letter 



STATE OF NEW JERSE\ 



oxusing his absence, which was probably 
caused by ill health as the following April, 
Hendrick Fisher notified the Coetus that their 
congregation needed a pastor. 

In 1730 the five sermons of Dominie Frc- 
linghuysen already referred to were translated 
into English. In 1733 he published in New 
York ten more sermons, written after his ill- 
ness of 1732, and containing as the concluding 
words of the preface, his now famous motto: 
"Laudem non quaero, culpam non timeo" ; "I 
seek not praise, of blame I am not afraid." A 
second edition of these sermons appeared in 
Holland under approval and with the commen- 
dation of the university of (jroningen who 
called them "The noble fruit brought from the 
new world to our doors." Two sermons, on 
the earthquake of December 7, 1737, were pub- 
lished in Utrecht, in 1738; and about 1749, 
four of his last sermons were printed by Will- 
iam P.radford in Philadelphia, with a preface 
written by himself, and two commendary notes 
following it, one signed by his son John, the 
other by his pupil, David Marinus. In 1856 
all of these were translated into English by the 
Rev. William Demarest and published by the 
board of publication of the Dutch Reformed 
church, with an introduction by Dr. Thomas 
De Witt and a biographical sketch by the 
translator. 

Dominie Frelinghuysen received the degree 
of A. M. (honorary) from Princeton Univer- 
sity in 1749. and was buried in the old church- 
yard at Three Mile Run, "under an old apple 
tree on the north side." Until a few year?. 
ago the spot was ]iractically unmarked and 
almost unknown : but in 1884 some of his de- 
scendants erected a plain but stately granite 
stone at the head of the narrow mound, bear- 
ing this inscription: "Rev. Theodorus Jacobus 
Frelinghuysen. Horn at Lingen, East Fries 
land, in 1691. In 1 719, he was sent to take 
charge of the Reformed Churches here by the 
Classis of .Amsterdam. He was a learned 
man. and a successful preacher. The field of 
his labors still bears fruit. He contended for 
a spiritual religion. His motto was "Laudem 
non (juaero, Culpam non timeo." I le died in 
1747. and his descendents humbly sharing in 
his faith, have erected to his memory this 
monument." 

P.y his wife, h'.va, d.uighter of .\lbert Ter 
hune of Matbush. Long Island, Dominie I'Ve- 
linghuysen had five sons and two daughters. 
The sons were all ordained, and the daughters 
both married ministers. 

Theodore, the eldest son, was born at Three 



Mile Run in 1722 or 1723, stutlied Latin under 
Diiiuinie \"an Santvoordt and Theology under 
Dorius of Pennsylvania, his father's intimate 
friend, became a candidate of the Classis of 
Utrecht, was transferred to and ordained Oc- 
tober 4, 1745, by the Classis of Amsterdam, 
upon a call to .\lbany to succeed Dominie Cor- 
nelius Van Shie. He was an earnest advocate 
of the Coetus against the strong op])osition of 
his consistory, was the originator and most 
active worker for a Dutch college in New 
York, and the first to projxjse an American 
Classis independent of the mother country. 
October 10, 1759, he sailed for Europe in the 
interests of these last two projects, and was 
lost at sea on his return voyage, and some 
time after May 14, 1760, when he wrote to 
the Classis of .Amsterdam from Rotterdam. 
His wife Elizabeth, bore him no children but 
married again. 

l-~erdinand and Jacobus Frelinghuysen. the 
latter graduating from Princeton LTniversity in 
1730, anil the other studying under Doraius 
and (ioetchius, were called the one to Kinder- 
hook and the other to Marbletown, Rochester 
( lilster county) and Wawarsing. w^ere ordain- 
ed together by the Classis of .Amsterdam. July 

17, 1752, and sailed for home. "They died" 
on the voyage says their brother, John, in a 
letter to the Classis, "the one seven days after 
the other, each stricken down with the small- 
po.\," Ferdinand. Tune i i , and lacobus. June 

18, 1753- 

Hendrick, the youngest son of Dominie Pre- 
liiighuyseu, was educated in theology by Pro- 
fessors Irehovev and Risuerus and was to have 
gone to 1 lolland to complete his studies and be 
ortlained when the news was received of the 
deaths of I'erdinand and Jacobus. Marble- 
town and the other churches which had previ- 
ouslv called P'erdinand, iiumediately asked that 
they might have Piendrick in his place, and his 
brother. John, at once wrote to the Classis and 
reciuested jiermission for Hendrick to be or- 
dained by the Coetus. Three months later, 
November 3. 1753. Marbletown. Rochester and 
Wawarsing sent a formal re(|uest to the same 
efTect ; and on December 3. 1753. gave Henil- 
rick a call in regular form. The Coetus. May 
30, 1755. added its plea, and October 22. 1755, 
Theodore Frelinghuysen his. The Coetus and 
the calling churches repeated their recjuests 
again and again but the Classis steadily refused 
to grant their desires : and this fact formed one 
of the strongest arguments which resulted in 
the assertion of the independence of the Coetus. 
Meanwhile Hendrick started to work among 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



the churches that had called him and labored 
from 1754 to 1757, when he died at the home 
of Mrs. Bevier, at Wawarsing, a fortnight 
after his ordination by the Coetus at Marble- 
town, and before October 4, when the Coetus 
notified the Classis that they had taken the 
matter of the ordination into their hands. Hend- 
rick was unmarried. 

Anna, the youngest daughter of Dominie 
Frelinghuysen, married the Rev. William Jack- 
son, pastor from 1757 to July 25, 1813, of 
Bergen and Staten Island. She was the only 
child to reach old age. and died May 3, 1810. 
aged seventy-two years. 

Margaret, the older of Dominie Frelinghuy- 
sen's daughters, was born November 12, 1737; 
died at Jamaica, Long Island, December 23, 
1757 ; married, June 29, 1756, the Rev. Thomas 
Romeyn, jiastor at Jamaica and Oyster Bay. 
Their only child was Theodorus Frelinghuysen 
Romeyn, who studied theology under Dr. Liv- 
ingston, was licensed in 1783, and succeeded 
his grandfather, uncle and Dr. Hardenbergh 
as pastor at Raritan in 1784. FTe died unmar- 
ried of fever, .August, 1785. 

( II ) John, the second son of the Rev. Theo- 
dorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen, was born at 
Three Mile Run, New Jersey, in 1727; died 
suddenlv at the home of his mother's parents, 
Flatbusii, Long Island, September 15, 17.S4, 
while on his way to attend what proved to be 
the last meeting of the uniteil Coetus of New- 
York ; as .\pril 15, 1755. his brother. Theodore, 
issued his famous call for a special meeting (51 
the Coetus for May 30, which organized the 
American Classis, split the church into Coetus 
and Conferentie parties, and practically de- 
clared the independence of the Reformed 
church in this country. John was a man of 
greater suavity than his father, but was etiually 
firm in upholding the claims of spiritual versus 
formal Christianity, and was distinguished for 
his gifts in the pulpit, for his assiduity in train- 
ing the young, for his zealous endeavors to 
raise up worthy candidates for the sacred 
office, and for his labors as peacemaker in the 
.-Vrondeus and other controversies of his day 
From the Nascent Theological Seminary m his 
own home, on the two hundred acre farm, pur- 
chased by his father, at Three Mile Run. July 
17. 1744, and built of bricks brought by John 
himself from Holland, where he trained Hard- 
enbergh, Jackson, Leydt and others, w-as the 
beginning of Queen's, now Rutgers College, of 
which his jnipil, Hardenbergh, w-as the first 
]iresident. 

.About 1839, when the Dorsius controversy 



was at its height, his father sent him to Dorsius 
for instruction, and in a certificate of the 
latter's character, written .April 14, 1740, says, 
"Dominie Dorsius is a learned, gifted, gra- 
ciously-endowed and faithful minister, whose 
services moreover have not remained without 
a blessing. I have tlierefore gladly committed 
and entrusted one of my son.s, Johannes by 
name, to the instruction and tuition of his 
Reverence. He also has his lodgings and his 
board with him. It is also possible that our 
oldest son, Theodore, who has already studied 
Latin under Dominie \'an Sandvoordt, for 
some years, will soon be sent to his Reverence 
for instruction. Such then is my opinion of 
his Reverence." After his father's death, the 
churches at New Brunswick and Six Mile 
Run cojointly called the Rev. John Leydt, who 
was one of the first three students prepared 
and examined by the Coetus in this country. 
The other three churches, Raritan, Harlingen 
and Readington, united and called John Fre- 
linghuysen, at that time studying under the 
Classis of Amsterdam, the minute of his 
ordination by that body, July 21, 1749, reads: 
"Rev. John F"relinghuysen, S. S. Min. Cand. 
was admitted after exhibiting his laudable 
certificates to preach before the Rev. Classis, 
in proof of his qualifications as a preacher. 
This he did on Heb. 13:14, "For here we have 
no continuing city, but we seek one to come,' 
and was listened to with pleasure. The exam- 
iner J. \'. D. Broel then proceeded to the exam- 
ination in the languages viz., on Psalm I, and I 

C(jr. I ; and in Sacred Theology. He gave so 
much satisfaction in both, that, by the unani- 
mous consent of all the members j^resent, he 
was considered worthy of performing the 
duties of the Sacred Alinistry. They all ex- 
pressed the wish for the Lord's blessing upon 
him. The condemned opinion of Roel and 

Bakker were repudiated. He declared him- 
self orthodox on the subject of the Post .Acts 
of the Synod of Dort, and promised to read 
the three questions without modification, in 
the form for baptizing children. He then sign- 
ed the Formulae of Concord, and he was sub- 
se<|uently ordained to the Sacred Ministry in 
the usual manner by the Rev. Examiner, with 
prayer and sujiplication to (iixl." (.Acts xii.. 

179)- 

.After a long and tedious passage home, he 
arrived at Raritan in midsummer, 1750, and 
preached his introductory sermons, at Raritan, 
.August 3, from Psalm, 45 -.if,. "Instea-I of lliy 
fathers thou shall have children w-hom thou 
mayest make princes in all lands ;" at Reading- 



.8 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



ton. on August lo, from Zechariah, 4:6, and in 
the afternoon from Zecliariah, 6:ij: and on 
August 17, at Harlingen, from Psalm, 133:1, 
"Behold, how good and joyful a thing it is, 
brethren, to dwell together in unity." He had 
begun his work hardly a month before trouble 
began to arise, and Rynier \'an Kest. or \'eclite. 
one of the Harlingen elders wrote a complain- 
ing letter to the Coetus and presented it at the 
afternoon session of that body, September 12, 
1750. "The Coetus concluded that Dominie 
Du lUiis should prepare a reply, suggesting 
peaceful considerations." At the next session 
of the Coetus, September 9 to 17, 175 r, the 
Rev. John Frelinghuysen and his elder, S. Van 
Arsdalen, were received as members, and the 
Harlingen difficulties were considered. The 
trouble was one of the old aftermaths of the 
old Raritan dispute. Dominie Coens had. begun 
the trouble with the malcontents as early 
as 1728, perhaps earlier, by holding services in 
their barns and organizing a consistory for 
them. Dominie Arondeus, a formal, unevan- 
gelical man, who with Dominies Antonides and 
De Ronde, seem to have spent most of their 
time fomenting discord in various places, had 
continued the evil work, as late as 1749, and in 
one of his last sermons, old Dominie Theodorus 
Jacobus says, "We are yearly still visited by 
one in the service of the malcontents, who like 
Dictrephes, prates against us woth malicious 
words and in his zeal without knowledge, rails 
at us as accursed heretics: but may it not be 
laid to his charge." Since then there had l)een 
in the congregation two consistories, one of the 
so-called disatifectetl, and the other of Dominie 
I'Telinghuysen. 'Fhese two parties were mcdincl 
to unite but they could not agree u])on the 
terms. Consequently the disafifected had brought 
the matter before the Coetus for decision. 
"After mature deliberation, it was concluded 
that two elders and two deacons of Dominie 
I'Velinghuy.sen, with one elder and one deactm 
of the dissatisfied, should, together with Domi- 
nie I'relinghuysen, choose an elder and a dea- 
con from the number of the dissatisfied, who 
being ordained, one elder and deacon of Domi- 
nie I'Telinghuysen, and the rest of the dissatis- 
fied should resign ; and thus the two newl\ 
chosen with the four remaining ones of Domi- 
nie Frelinghuysen, should be considered the 
Consistory." The next day a similar arrange- 
ment settled the same trouble in Keadington ; 
and the flames lit thirty years earlier against 
the father were at last (|uenclK'd by the ministry 
of the son. 

The "Kerk oj) der Millstone," as the Har- 



lingen church was then called, now began a 
new season of prosperity, and a year later, in 
1752. built a new church near the present site. 
Dominie John dedicating it and preaching from 
the texts : I Kings, 8:29, and Psalm, 27:4, and 
about a year after that, June 7, 1753, the five 
churches served by Dominies Leydt and F^re- 
linghuysen. contained all of the flocks, so long 
and faithfully served by the latter's father, 
were united into one corporation in a common 
charter granted them by Governor Jonathan 
Belcher. 

In 1 75 1 and 1752 John Frelinghuysen was a 
member of the committee which had the carry- 
ing out of the classical sentence on the wretch- 
ed .\rondeus, and he took an active part for 
])eace in the troubles with Pieter De Windt in 
liergen and Staten Island. In the follow'ing 
year. 1753. with his brother, Theodore, he was 
instrumental in settling the latter case by hav- 
ing William Jackson, one of his own pupils, 
called to Bergen, and in straightening out the 
troubles over the call of the Rev. Thomas 
Romeyn to Jamaica and Oyster Bay. His 
labors on earth, however, were not to be con- 
tinued, and after the short ministry of four 
years and one month, he died in his twenty- 
eighth year. In 1826 his remains, with those of 
his nephew, Theodore Frelinghuysen Romeyn. 
were removed from their original resting place 
and put with those of another pastor, and the 
congregation of Raritan erected to the three a 
monument, known as "the minister's tomb," 
on which their tribute to Dominie John Fre- 
linghuysen is ".\miable in disposition, pious in 
character, zealous in the work of his Master, 
successful in gaining friends and winning 
souls, much beloved, much lamented.'" 

The Rev. John Frelinghuysen married, about 
1749, just before he returned to .America, 
Dinah, the only daughter surviving childhood 
of Louis \'aii liergh, a merchant of Amster- 
dam. .She was born February 10, 1725; died 
in \e\s I'.runswick, March 26. 1807. She ac- 
companied her husband to this country, and 
about one or two years after his death mar- 
ried (second) his pupil, Jacob Rutzen Ilarden- 
bergh, whom she survived. She bore her first 
husband two children : Eva, who married Cas- 
par \ an Xostrand. and removed to Ulster 
ciuuUv. New ^'nrk. where her descendants are 
now numerous; and Frederick, from whom 
all bearing the name of Frelinghuysen have 
descended. 

( III ) Brigadier-Cieneral Frederick, only son 
of the Rev. John Frelinghuysen, was born 
April 13. 1753. in the jiarsonage at Three Mile 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY 



Run, and died on his birthday, 1804. It \va>li.r 
constant and earnest desire of his mother, wiio 
was "a very remarkable and highly gifted 
Christian woman," that like his father and 
grandfather, he should become a minister of 
the Gospel. In this she was cordially second- 
ed by Dr. Hardenbergh, her second husband, 
and his early education was given him with this 
aim in view; but in vain. Young Frederick 
felt that he was not called to the sacred office, 
and although he complied with his mother's 
wishes so far as to spend six months studying 
theology, his disinclination grew, atvi he 
turned his face toward another field in which 
he and his descendants have made a noble rec- 
ord as his ancestors had done in the church. 
In 1766 he entered the College of New Jersey 
and graduated in 1770, having among his class- 
mates John Taylor and the Rev. Caleb Wallace, 
chief judge of the Kentucky supreme court. 
Among his fellow students were Nathaniel 
Ramsey, Samuel \\ itham Stockton, Ephraim 
Bevard, Pierpont f^dwards, William Churchill 
Hou.ston, John lleatty, William Channing, 
Samuel Stanhope Smith, Gunning Bedford, 
James Madison, William Bradford, Aaron 
Burr, David Bard, Henry Lee and Aaron 
Ogden. After his graduation he studied law 
and was admitted to the bar in 1774. The 
following year, 1775, when he was twenty- 
two years old, he was elected to the provincial 
congress of New Jersey, and at the outbreak 
of hostilities became a member of the import- 
ant committee of safety. For more than a year 
]irevious to 1775, the whole coimtry had been 
not only in open rebellion against the King, 
but its inhabitants had actually made war upon 
their fellow subjects, who unconscious of op- 
pression had preserved their loyalty. The more 
daring and ambitious spirits had not only fore- 
seen that the continuance of political connec- 
tion was not much longer possible, but had 
successfully sought to inspire the people with 
the desire for independence ; though many 
from various causes such as timidity, selfish 
policy and influence of family relations were 
disposed to postpone the event. The cliina\ 
which demonstrated the real change in public 
opinion was the reception given to Thomas 
Paine's pamphlet, "Common Sense," which in 
a clear, perspicuous and popular style pro- 
nounced continued connection with England 
unsafe, im])ractical and illogical. Congress 
took its complexion from the peojiles' temper, 
became more vigorously active against the dis- 
affected, granted letters of marque and reprisal, 
o|)ened its ports to all nations, and finally. May 



15' ^77^^> declared it necessary that the exer- 
cise of all authority under the crown be sup- 
pressed and the government exercised by the 
people of the colony for themselves, recom- 
mending each colony "to adopt such govern- 
ment as shall, in the opinion of the representa- 
tives of the people, best conduce to the happi- 
ness and safety of their constituents in partic- 
ular, and .America in general." 

Frederick Frclinghuysen was re-elected a 
member of the provincial congress of New 
Jersey, on the fourth Monday in May, 1776, 
which met in consequence of the above order, 
June 10, 1776, at P)Urlington, and organized, 
with Samuel Tucker, president, and ^^'illiam 
Patterson, secretary. On May 21, by a vote of 
54 to 3, the convention resolved to form the 
government recommended, on the 24th appoint- 
ed a committee which -reported two days later 
a draft constitution which was confirmed July 
2, 1776. The last clause in this constitution 
was a provisional one, annulling the charter 
should reconciliation with Great Britain be 
hereafter effected. The constitution also re- 
tained the use of the word colony throughout. 
On July 18, the congress assumed the title of 
the "Convention of the State of New Jersey," 
and substituted the word "state for colony 
throughout." The provisional clause, however, 
remained and in the contest which ensued over 
it Frelinghuysen took an active part. He moved 
to defer the printing of the constitution for a 
few days that the clause might receive full 
consideration, and his arguments were so 
strong that had the house been full when the 
vote was taken he would have been successful, 
the adoption of the constitution would have 
been delayed, and the character of an independ- 
ent state at once fearlessly assumed. Out of 
sixty-five members, however, only twenty-five 
were present and the vote negatived his pro- 
Ijosal 16 to 9. 

In 1778 he was elected on a joint ballot of 
the legislature to represent New Jersey in the 
continental congress, but resigned his seat the 
ne.xt year in the following letter to the speaker 
of the New Jersey assembly, in which he states 
his reasons : 

Sir; Agreeable to the appointment of ttie legis- 
lature, I repaired to Philadelphia in the month of 
January last, and have since that time attended 
Congress until the public business intrusted to my 
care in the county of Somerset rendered my absence 
unavoidable. It is needless for me to remind the 
honorable legislature, that I did with great reluct- 
ance accept of the appointment of a delegate for 
this state Congress. I was then sufficiently sensible 
that the trust was too important for my years and 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



abilities. I am now fully convinced that I should 
do Injustice to my country did I not decline that 
service. 

In doing this I am conscious to myself that I am 
merely actuated by motives for the public good, 
well knowing that whatever may be my abilities, 
they will be usele-fs to the state in the supreme 
council of the nation, and that the other appoint- 
ment with which tlie legislature of New Jersey has 
been pleased to honor me in the county of Somerset, 
Is more than sufficient to employ my whole atten- 
tion. 

I might add some otlier circumstances which 
render my situation here peculiarly disagreeable, 
but I fear the evils which might arise from opening 
myself on this subject, would more than counter- 
balance any good it might probably answer. I 
trust, however, the representatives from New Jer- 
sey will not think it impertinent in one who has 
faithfully endeavored to serve his country to declare 
to them that the interests of America call on them 
for extraordinary vigilance. 

I shall say nothing respecting the amazing ex- 
pense of attending at Congress, and my inability to 
support it: I am determined not to complain until 
the last farthing of my little fortune is spent In the 
service of my country, and then perhaps I shall 
have the consolation to see poverty esteemed as the 
characteristic of an honest man. 

I conclude with observing. I am particularly moved 
to wish for a release from the appointment, as It 
has been hinted to me that my colleague, Mr. Fell, 
is exceedingly uneasy that he is so often left alone 
to manage the weighty affairs of state, and that he 
had even expressed himself with warmtli and 
temper on the subject in Ills letters to the legisla- 
ture. I shall not say that I am ready at all times 
to give an account of my conduct to tliose who 
appointed me. 

I trust the legislature will take into consideration 
and gratify my request, of being excused from 
further attendance at Congress. 

I am. Sir. your most obedient and most humble 
servant. FRED. FRELINGHUYSEN.'' 

The Hon. Caleb Camp. B-sq. 

Thi.s resignation was accepted, but at a later 
period his name again appears on the rolls as 
delegate from New Jersey, from 1782 to 1783, 
and ten years later, in 1795. after repeatedly 
receiving testimonials of ])uhlic confidence by 
appointment to various state and county offices 
he was chosen to a seat in the United States 
senate, which domestic bereavement and family 
claims forced him to resign in 1796. 

February 15, 177''), Frelinghuysen was a])- 
pointed major in Colonel Stewart's battalion 
of minute-men ; but he resigned this com- 
mission two weeks later on being appointed 
captain of the eastern company of state troops, 
one of the detachments of artillery authorized 
by the colimial legislature and recruited by 
himself, .\fter finishing his work in the con- 
stitutional convention, with his command he 
joined Washington in his retreat across New 
Jersey and took part in the crossing of the 



Delaware and the battle of Trenton. A British 
sword, surrendered to him in that engagement, 
is now in the possession of his great-grandson, 
Mr. Frederick Frelinghuysen, of Newark. It 
is also a tradition in the family that it was a 
shot from the Captain's pistol which mortally 
wounded Colonel Rahl, the commander of the 
Hessian forces. In the following year, Febru- 
ary 28, 1777, Captain Frelinghuysen was pro- 
moted to colonel of the First Battalion, Somer- 
set militia, and placed with the command under 
Major-General Dickinson. .After the winter 
at \ alley Forge and the evacuation of Phila- 
delphia, Colonel Frelinghuysen's regiment took 
part in the chasing of Clinton's forces across 
the Jerseys and was present at the battle of 
Monmouth Court House, June 28, 1776. In a 
letter from a gentleman accompanying the 
patriots, and dated "English-Town, June 29, 
1778," is related the following incident of the 
regiment : ".At the drawbridge near Borden- 
town, when General Dickinson with great pro- 
priety had ordered some lines to be thrown up, 
they (the patriots)- appeared anxiously to de- 
sire the arrival of the eneiny. The continental 
tro<)i)s and great part of the militia had, how- 
ever, been withdrawn, except those of Colonels 
Phillips and Shreve, who were jireviously de- 
tached to guard a ford one mile further up the 
creek, and only the three regiments of Colonels 
Frelinghuysen, \'an Dike and Webster remain- 
ed, when a party of the enemy appeared, and 
with great zeal began to repair the bridge, 
which had been cut down. I'pon the very news 
of their approach, the troops rushed down with 
the greatest impetuosity, and a small party 
from one of the regiments which happened to 
be considerably advanced, caused them to re- 
tire, after having killed four and wounded 
several others. In the morning the lines were 
again manned, hut the enemy thought proper 
to change their route. This conduct of the 
militia saved, in my opinion, Trenton and the 
country adjacent from rapine and desolation." 
Colonel Frelinghuysen now resigned his com- 
mission in order to accept his election to the 
continental congress, but in 1780, after his 
resignation, he rejoined the army and took 
part in the skirmishes at S])ringfield and Eliza- 
Ijcth. 

In 1794. during his term as United States 
senator, tlie "Whiskey insurrection" arose in 
western Pennsylvania and President Washing- 
ton summoned troops from \'irginia, Mary- 
land, Pennsylvania and New Jersey, to quell 
the rebellion, and Senator Frelinghuysen, who 
had been in I7<)0 appointed brigadier-general, 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



U. S. A., and served in the campaign against 
the western Indians, served also as second in 
command under Governor Howell. February 
22. 1800, he delivered the oration in New 
Brunswick on the death of W'ashington, and 
the copies of this speech which are still extant 
■'reveal an eloquence glowing with the ardor 
to be expected from the man and the times he 
had been through." For the remainder of his 
life he gave his time to professional and family 
duties and died "beloved by his country and 
his friends, and left for his children the rich 
legacv of a life unsullied by a stain, and that 
had abounded in benevolence and usefulness." 

(ieneral Frelinghuysen married (first) (ier- 
trude .Schcnck. who died March. 1794, leaving 
five children. He then married Ann Yard, 
who bore him two girls and survived himman\- 
years. 

(k-neral John Frelinghuysen. the oldest son. 
born -March 21, 1776; died .^pril 10, 1883: 
graduated from Rutgers College in 1792 and 
was admitted to the bar in 1797. lie prac- 
ticed law in Somerville and Alillstone, was 
representative from Somerset county 1809 to 
1 8 16. and surrogate from 1818 to 1832. He 
married (first) Louise, daughter of the Hon. 
.\rchibald Mercer, who bore him besides a son 
that died young. Mary Ann, wife of Henry 
N'anderveer, M. D. ; Frederick, and Gertrude, 
who married David Magee. November 13. 
1811. General John Frelinghuysen married 
Elizabeth Mercereau, daughter Michael \'an 
X'echten. born December 11, 1790; died June 
4. i8li7- Children: Theodore, who died un- 
married: Elizabeth La Grange, wife of Henry 
B. Kennedy ; Frederick John, whose son is now 
state senator for New Jersey ; Louisa Mercer, 
who married Talbot \V. Chambers ; Sarah, 
Catherine, Sophia. 

The Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen. the sec- 
ond son. born Millstone, March 28, 1787: died 
.\'ew Brunswick, April 12. 1861. He graduated 
at Princeton in 1804. was admitted to the bar 
in 1808. raised and commanded a company of 
volunteers in the war of 1812, and from 1817 
to 1829 was attorney -general of New Jersey. 
In 1828 he was elected to the United States 
senate, where he was prominent as a debater 
on the Whig side, taking an especially active 
part in the discussions over the rechartering 
of the L'nited States bank and the withdraw- 
ing of the government deposits there form, and 
over the taritT. but failing of re-election in 
183s he resumed the practice of his profession 
in Newark, of which city he was mayor in 
1837 and 1838. From 1839 to 1850 he was 



chancellor of the L^niversity of New York ; 
was the W big candidate for vice-president on 
tht ticket with Henry Clay, in 1844; and was 
president of Rutgers College from 1850 till his 
death. He married Charlotte, daughter of 
Archibald Mercer. M. D. (_q. v.). but had no 
children. 

Maria, oldest daughter of General F"rederick 
Frelinghuysen. was born March, 1778: died 
March 13. 1832; married the Rev. John Cor- 
nell, of Flatbush, Long Island : and her sister, 
Catherine, became the wife of the Rev. Gideon 
F. Judd, D. D.. of Catskill. New York. Eliza- 
beth, the eldest daughter by the second mar- 
riage, wedded James Bruyn Elmendorf. M. D. ; 
while her younger sister died young. 

( IV) Frederick, youngest son of General Fred- 
erick Frelinghuysen. was born at Millstone. No- 
vember 8. 1788. died there November 10, 1820. 
With his brother Theodore he was sent to school 
in New Brunswick, and later to the academy at 
Basking Ridge, where he was prej^ared to enter 
Princeton University, from which he graduated 
in 1806. He then entered the office of the Hon. 
Richard Stockton in Trenton, where he studied 
law until he was admitted to the bar in 1810. 
Making his home at Millstone he now began 
l^racticing in Somerset county, where he 
"rapidly acquired a lucrative practice and a 
brilliant reputation," which for a few years 
later became much enlarged by his appointment 
as prosecutor of the pleas for Somerset, Mid- 
dlesex and Hunterdon counties. Frederick 
Frelinghuysen is spoken of by those who knew 
him as a natural orator, perhaps much more 
so than either of his brothers, while his fervid 
imagination, buoyant temperament and lively 
sensibilities gave him a remarkable power over 
juries, and on two occasions when he delivered 
]niblic orations he not only excited great inter- 
est but also high expectations which his early 
death brought to nought. The first of these 
speeches was before the Washington Benev- 
olent Association at New P>runswick, in 1812, 
and the other was at Somerville, before the 
Somerset County Bible Society, in 1820. about 
six or seven weeks before he was attacked by 
his last sickness. Four days after his death a 
special meeting of the members of the New 

[ersey bar was held at the state house in Tren- 
ton to draft resolutions on his decease, which 
was formally announced to them by the Hon. 
Lucius Horatio Stockton. In the minute there- 
upon adopted they say that the bar has been 
deprived of "the society of an honest and 
honorable man, peculiarly endeared to his coun- 
try by the characteristic traits that distinguish- 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



ed him, not only as an able and eloquent advo- 
cate but as a Christian, a scholar and a gentle- 
man." 

Frederick I'relinghuysen married, August 4, 
1812, Jane, daughter of Peter 15. Dumont, who 
bore him five children. Susan, the eldest, mar- 
ried William D. Waterman, but had no chil- 
dren ; Gertrude .\nn, born .September 20, 1814. 
died October 11, 1886, became the wife of 
William Theodore Mercer (q. v. ) ; and Louise, 
married John C. Elmendorf, and had one son. 
Dumont Frelinghuysen, the oldest son, born 
h'ebruary 16, 1816; died at Somerville, in 11)05 • 
was admitted to the bar as attorney in 1838, 
and counsellor in 1843; 1840 to 1845 was clerk 
of Somerset county, and was prominent in 
Sunday school and Bible society work. He 
married Martina \'anderveer, but had no issue. 

( \' ) Frederick Theodore, the younger son 
and next to the youngest child of Frederick 
Frelinghuysen, was born in Millstone, .August 
4, 1817; died at Newark, May 20, 1885. When 
his father died, he was only three years old, 
and immediately thereafter he was adopted by 
his L'ncle Theodore, who took him to his home 
in Newark. Inheriting his father's natural 
gifts, his eloquent speech and his fervid emo- 
tions, he also shared in the peculiar refinement 
and comliness of his mother, and the transfer 
to the care and custody of his distinguished 
uncle gave him the best of opportunities for 
training and cultivating his gifts aright. While 
his uncle was absent from home in the senate 
at Washington, he attended the academy at 
.Somerville, under .Mr. Walsh, but otherwise 
was prei)ared for college at the Newark .Acad- 
emy. Entering Rutgers as a sojiliomore he 
graduated in 1836. having among his class 
mates Joseph Bradley, .Alexander l'>rown 
(Jeorge W. Coakley, John i'Velinghuysen llage- 
man, William .A. Newell and Cortlandt Parker. 
Mr. llageman records thus the impression he 
made upon his classmates : "We were accus- 
tomed to look u])on him as a minature Senator 
and statesman in embryo * * he had 

no sjiecialties in his studies, no genius for the 
higher mathmatics, no special fondness for the 
physical sciences. While his standing was 
good in the classics and in the general studies 
prescribed * * * he enjoyed most * * * 
menial and moral philosuphy, lugic and rhei- 
oric." 

.After graduation, Mr. I'Velinghuysen began 
to study law in the office of his uncle, Theodore 
Frelinghuysen, in Newark, being admitted to 
the bar as attorney in 1831) and as counsellor 
in 1842. He now succeeded to the practice of 



his uncle who had become chancellor of the 
L'niversity of New A'ork, and from the very 
first he stood on high vantage ground in his 
[)rofessional career, influential friends gathered 
around him, the church of his ancestors revered 
his name, and the whole community gave him 
their good will and helping hand. He did not 
have to struggle and wait long for success as 
most young lawyers are compelled to do. In 
1849 he was chosen city attorney ; and the next 
year, the only time he submitted his name to 
the popular vote, he was elected member of 
the city council. Soon afterwards, Mr. Fre- 
linghuysen was retained as counsel for the 
New Jersey Central Railroad Company, and 
for the Morris Canal and Pianking Company, 
which required his appearing before courts and 
juries in dift'erent counties, meeting as his antag- 
onists the strongest counsels in the state and 
from abroad, and even calling him into the 
highest courts of the state. In a few years he 
stood foremost among the New Jersey 15ar, 
notetl for his eloquent sjjeeches before juries, 
and his strong personal influence, both in and 
out of court. In addition to this, he stU''ied 
and toiled with unwearied diligence, making 
himself not only an eloquent advocate, but an 
able lawyer, a strategic counsel, a formidable 
antagonist in any suit, and his practice became 
lucrative and enviable. 

Mr. Frelinghuysen's i)atriotism was innate 
and inherited, and though not an office seeker, 
he kept well read in the politics of both state 
and country, and was freeiuently called upon 
to address large gatherings, notably the WHiig 
state convention in 1840, in the memorable 
Tyler- Van liuren campaign of that year. Very 
naturally, however, he wished to follow in the 
l)atli of honor and office trodden by his father, 
uncle and grandfather: subsequently in 1857 
his name is mentioned for the office of attor- 
ney-general of New Jersey, then vacant. It is 
saiil that this is the only time he did not obtain 
appointment to an official position he desired. 
.Although (iovernor Newell knew Mr. h'reling- 
huysen's c|ua!ifications, there were several other 
fully qualified classmates of theirs who ecjnally 
desired the nomination, and so the governor 
relieved the embarrassment of the situation by 
ap|)ointing ex-Senator William L. Dayton, 
who had failed of reappointment to the senate 
and also of election to the vice-presidency on 
the Fremont ticket. In i860 Charles S. Olden 
succeeded Newell as governor, and the follow- 
ing year (iovernor Olden and Mr. Frelinghuy- 
sen met as members of the Peace congress in 
Washington, which tried to avert the threat- 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



13 



eiied secession. A warm personal and political 
friendship sprang up between them, and when 
later in the year Lincoln appointed Attorney- 
General Dayton minister to France, the gov- 
ernor filled the vacancy by nominating Mr. 
Frelinghuysen ; and in 1866, when his term of 
office expired, Marcus L. Ward, then gov- 
ernor, reappointed him for another term to the 
same post. 

The duties of this office and the legislation 
of the war period required much special labor 
and attention and ^Ir. Frelinghuysen now 
spent most of his time in Trenton. Besides 
being the law advisor of the state, he had also 
to assist the prosecutors of the pleas in the 
different counties in trials for high felonies 
and in several important and difficult murder 
cases his services were characterized by great 
skill and powerful oratory. He was also the 
most popular political speaker in the state. 
Consequently when the death of William 
Wright, of Newark, in 1866, left a vacancy 
in the United States senate, and the condition 
of the country made it imperative to fill the 
vacancy before the next meeting of the legis- 
lature, no one appeared to Governor Ward so 
well qualified as Attorney-General Freling- 
huysen. Accepting the appointment, Mr. Fre- 
linghuysen took his seat in December, 1866, 
was elected by the legislature in the winter of 
1867 to fill the unexpired term of Mr. Wright, 
and resigning his state office accepted the sen- 
atorship with great pleasure, having now 
reached the goal of his youthful ambition. 
When his term expired in 1869, the legislature 
being Democratic, he was not re-elected, but 
his services had been such that in 1870 Grant 
nominated him and the senate without refer- 
ence to committee confirmed him as minister 
to England. Why he declined so honorable a 
position was for many years variously answer- 
ed by friends and foes, and it was not known 
until after his death that his refusal was be- 
cause Mrs. Frelinghuysen was opposed to ex- 
posing her children to the influence of court 
life, which that mission would involve, and he 
yielded to her wish. His reward soon came, 
for the next year a full term vacancy occurring 
in the senate, and the legislature being Repub- 
lican, he was elected to fill it. 

In 1867 Mr. Frelinghuysen had voted for 
the conviction of President Johnson on his 
impeachment ; and in his later term he 
became one of the most prominent of 
the reconstruction senators. As member 
of the judiciary and finance committees, 
and those on naval afifairs, claims, and rail- 



roads, and as chairman of the committee on 
agriculture, his responsibility was varied and 
jierplexing. He took a prominent part in the 
<lebates on the Washington treaty, the French 
arms controversy, the question of polygamy in 
Utah, and in a clear manly speech explained 
and cleared up New Jersey's policy of grad- 
uating taxes upon railroads. After much labor 
he secured the return to Japan of the balance 
of the indemnity fund that was not used or 
required for the payment of American claims 
against that government ; he introduced the 
bill to restore a gold currency, and taking 
charge of Mr. Sumner's reconstruction bill 
after that senator became unable to look after 
it, he procured its passage. The soundness of 
his arguments in the southern loyaltists bill 
debate were at first doubted, but the bill was 
defeated, and his contention, now generally 
accepted, that the north cannot adjust the 
damage caused to southern unionists by the 
war, had undoubtedly saved the national treas- 
ury from being swamped by innumerable 
claims of that character. In the summer of 
1876, anticipating the trouble that actually ac- 
curred later, over the counting of the electoral 
votes, he introduced a bill referring decision 
in such cases to the president of the senate, 
the speaker of the house and the chief justice. 
The senate, however, adjourned before the 
bill could be acted upon ; and in the following 
year. When the problem of the Hayes-Tilden 
vote had to be settled, Mr. Frelinghuysen was 
a member of the commission reporting the bill 
that created the electoral court and was also 
a member of that board. His term expired 
March 4, 1877, and the Democratic party being 
again in power in the state, elected Mr. Mc- 
Pherson as his successor. 

For the next four years Mr. Frelinghuysen 
retired into private life, but after the assassina- 
tion of James A. Garfield, President Arthur 
called him to his cabinet as secretary of state, 
December 12, 1881. In this position Mr. Fre- 
linghuysen's belief was that there is a proper 
medium between too much and too little 
strategy ; and acting on this conviction, "the 
foreign policy of the administration was pacific 
and honorable under his guidance." In the 
arduous labor and responsibility of negotiat- 
ing international treaties, however, he sustain- 
ed the heaviest burdens of his life. The so- 
called Spanish treaty, presented to the senate 
by President Arthur near the close of his term, 
but stolen by the press and killed by ignorant 
clamor before that body had an opportunity 
to consider it, cost the secretary most exhaus- 



14 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



tivc labor both in its general provisions and its 
specific details, all of which he had matured 
himself. So too the great treaty involving the 
building of the Nicaragua canal, likewise sub- 
mitted to the senate about the same time, 
caused Mr. Frelinghuysen intense study and 
painful anxiety. For many years an inter- 
oceanic canal had been desired by the com- 
mercial world and had long been the subject 
of jealous treaty manipulations between Eng- 
land and the United States. Mr. Frelinghuy- 
sen surprised the whole world by submitting 
through the president his elaborate treaty, 
which only needed the assent of the senate to 
assure the consummation of the work, by re- 
quiring the government to construct the canal 
along a new and better route through pur- 
chased land, to become its owner, and to open 
it to international commerce upon equitable 
tolls. It was defeated at the time by a Demo- 
cratic senate, but it will ever remain a monu- 
ment to Secretary Frelinghuysen's industry, 
skill and statesmanship, alike creditable to 
himself and to the department of state. 

In 1864 Princeton Academy gave Mr. Fre- 
linghuysen the LL. D. degree ; and at the time 
of his death he was president of the American 
Bible Society. Notwithstanding his absorbing 
public occupations, he was very much interest- 
ed in educational problems, both elementary 
and higher, and for thirty-five years, from 
1851, served as a trustee of Rutgers College. 
At the inauguration of Grover Cleveland, Mr. 
F'relinghuysen surrendered his seat in the cabi- 
net to Mr. Bayard, and returning to his New- 
ark home, lay down on his death bed, "too ill 
to receive the congratulations and welcome of 
his fellow citizens who had thronged there to 
greet his return." For several weeks he lay, 
conscious, but absolutely exhausted and gradu- 
ally dying, and at last passing away. May 20, 
1885. He was buried from the North Re- 
formed Church in Newark, and his body lies 
in IMount Pleasant cemetery. On August 8. 
1894. the city of Newark imveiled a statue to 
his memory, wrought in bronze by Karl Ger- 
hardt. and mounted on a base designed ])y 
Wallace Brown. 

F'rederick Theodore Frelinghuysen married, 
January 25, 1842, Matilda E., daughter of 
George (Iriswold. of New York City, who 
bore him three sons and three daughters: i. 
Matilda Griswold, married Henry W'inthrop 
Gray, of New York City, a prominent mer- 
chant and financier, and at different times the 
holder of various city offices, who died Octo- 
ber 19, 1906. 2. Charlotte Louise, lives un- 



married in New York City. 3. Frederick, re- 
ferred to below. 4. George Griswold, referred 
to below. 5. Sarah Helen, married (first) in 
1883, John Davis, secretary of the Alabama 
claims commission at Geneva, United States 
assistant secretary of state, 1882 to 1885, and 
judge of the court of claims. Children: Ma- 
tilda E. Davis, wife of John Cabot Lodge, Jr. 
and John C. Bancroft IJavis. Mrs. John Davis 
married (second) Avigust, 1906, Major Charles 
W. McCawley, U. S. A. 6. Theodore, born 
in Newark, April 17, i860; married (first) 
.\ugust 25, 1885, Alice Dudley Coats, whodied 
March 4. 1889, leaving two children: Fred- 
erick Theixlore and James Coats ; he married 
(second) June 2, 1898. Elizabeth Mary 
(Thompson) Cannon, widow' of Henry Le 
Grand Cannon. 

( \'I ) I'rederick. third child of Hon. Frederick 
Theodore Frelinghuysen, was born in New- 
ark, September 30, 1848, and is now living at 
18 Park Place in that city. He was educated 
at the Newark Academy, and graduated from 
Rutgers College with high honors in 1868. 
Taking up the study of law. he was admitted 
to the bar as attorney in 1871 and as counsellor 
in 1874. Beginning his practice in Newark he 
specialized on chancery cases, in conducting 
which he ]iroved able and successful, and on 
the failure of the National Mechanics' Bank 
of Newark, was appointed by Chancellor Run- 
yon as its receiver. In 1887 he became presi- 
dent of the Howard Savings Institution, which 
position he held until January, 1902, when he 
resigned to become president of the Mutual 
Benefit Life Insurance Company of Newark, 
which post he now holds. He has been the 
trustee for a number of estates and has for 
many years been identified with large financial 
interests of various character. For about 
twenty years he has been actively associated 
with the National Guard of New Jersey, and 
is a captain in the Essex Troop. He is much 
interested in Sunday school and church work, 
in both of which he is an earnest and influ- 
ential worker. He is a member of the Essex 
Club and of the Essex County Country Club. 
July 2jii. 1902, he married Estelle B., daugh- 
ter of the late Thomas T. Kinney, of Newark, 
and had four children : F'rederick, born Au- 
gust 12, 1903: Thomas Kinney, born Febru- 
ary 8, 1905 : Theodore, born h'ebruary 7, 1907; 
George Griswold, born December 20, 1908. 

(\T) George Grisw-old, fourth child of the 
1 Ion. Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen, was 
born in Newark, May 9, 1851, and now lives 
at Morristown, New Jersey. He was educated 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



IS 



in the public schools, prepared for college in 
the Newark Academy, graduating in 1866, 
entered Rutgers College, in the class of 1870, 
and received his degree from the Columbian 
University Law School in 1872. For some 
time he read law in the office of Keller & 
Blake, and from 1873 to 1876 was one of the 
United States patent office examiners at Wash- 
ington. In 1873 he was admitted to the New 
Jersey bar, and in 1876 to that of New York, 
at which latter date he began practicing inde- 
pendently in New York City, specializing on 
patent cases. From 1898 to 1905 he was vice- 
president of P. Ballantine & Sons, since when 
he has been president of the company. He 
is also a director in the Rail Joint Company, 
the Alliance Investment Company, and the 
Saranac Realty Company. Like all the other 
members of his family he is a Republican, but 
has never held office, nor seen military service. 
He is a member of the Essex Club, Morris 
County Golf Club, the Metropolitan Club of 
Washington, D. C, and the Union Club of 
New York. At the present time he is also a 
director in the Howard Savings Institution and 
the Morristown Trust Company. April 26, 
1881, Mr. Frelinghuysen married Sara L., 
daughter of i'eter H. Ballantine and Isabelle 
Linen, of Newark. They have two children : 
Peter H. Ballantine, born September 15. 1882, 
and Matilda E., November 25, 1887. 



From the time when the "Rotuli 
CRANE hundredorum," in 1272, records 
among the tenants of Sir William 
le Moyne of Saltney-Moyne, in Huntingdon- 
shire, the names of Andreas, John, OHver and 
William de Crane, to the present day, the 
members of that family have been increasing 
the reputation and prestige of their name, until 
now both in the old as well as in the new 
world it has become synonymous with worth 
and character. 

About the middle of the thirteenth century 
Sir Thomas Crane, of Norfolk, married Ada, 
sister to Giles and probably daughter of Fulco 
de Kerdiston of Cardiston, whose manor was 
situated in the hundred of Eynesford. about 
two miles northwest by north from Rupham, 
county Norfolk. Sir Thomas Crane, their 
son, married Petronella Bettesley. and had 
three sons, one of whom, Richard, was the 
father of John Crane, of Wood-Norton, who 
married Alice, daughter and heiress of Sir 
Edmund Berry. Of this marriage there were 
three children : Adam, Symond and Alice, 
and from this time on the familv becomes 



more and more prominent in the county, reach- 
ing the zenith of its prosperity between 1560 
and 1640, its greatest representatives perhaps 
being Anthony Crane, master of the household 
of Oueen Elizabeth ; John Crane, clerk of the 
kitchen to James I ; Sir Robert Crane, of Chil- 
ton ; Robert Crane, Esquire, of Coggeshall, 
and Sir Francis and his brother Sir Richard 
Crane, of Woodrising, the last two being pos- 
sibly the most prominent of them all. 

Sir Francis Crane was secretary to Charles, 
F'rince of Wales, and was knighted at Coven- 
try, September 4, 161 7, by the prince's father, 
James I, being also made chancellor of the 
Order of the Garter, a rare mark of special 
distinction, the Garter being tJie Iiighest order 
of chivalry in Great Britain. In 1619 Sir 
Francis introduced into England the manu- 
facture of a curious tapestry, and with the 
assistance of King James, who contributed 
£2000 to the enterprise, built a mill at Mort- 
lake, then a village on the river Thames, in the 
county of Surrey about nine miles west of 
London. Engaging the most skillful tapestry 
workers from Paris and Flanders, on Alarch 
20, 1621, he secured from the Archbishop of 
Canterbury a license for them to worship 
either in the parish church, or in his own 
house, or some other suitable place, and 
arranged that a minister should be sent out to 
them from the Dutch Reformed church at 
.\ustin Friars, London. July 8, 1623, King 
James I requested the King of Denmark to 
send to England, Francis Cleyne, a painter 
and native of Rostok, a town in the duchy of 
Mechlinburg, whom he wished to have as 
designer in the Mortlake works. The year 
after his father's death, Charles I paid Sir 
Francis i6ooo for "three suits of gold tapes- 
trv." From these works came also the five 
cartoons of Rafaelle, now hanging in Hamp- 
ton XTourt, and the design of the five senses 
for the palace of Oatlands. The hangings of 
Houghton, the seat of Lord Orford, contain- 
ing full length portraits of King James, King 
Charles, their Queens and the King of Den- 
mark, with heads of the royal children in the 
borders were also manufactured here. For 
copies of the four seasons, John Williams, 
Archbishop of York, paid Sir Francis £2500; 
and at Knowl. the Duke of Dorset's place in 
Kent, there was in 1814 a piece of silken 
tapestrv portraying Vandyck and Sir Francis 
himself. In 1634 Sir Francis was chosen one 
of a commission to purchase a tract of land to 
be used by Charles I as a game park. For 
seventeen years he was given by the king 



i6 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



exclusive privilege of making copper farthings, 
at the yearly rental of one hundred marks 
payable into the exchequer; and his contribu- 
tion to the building fund of St. Paul's Church, 
London, was £500. He married Mary, daugh- 
ter of David and sister to Sir Peter de la 
Maire, and having no children, in his will, 
dated August 27, 1635, he gives to "wife 
Dame Mary," lands in Northampton and 
other places, and a trust fund to his "brother- 
in-law Sir Peter de la Maire" to found five 
dwellings for five poor knights at Windsor, 
and names his brother Richard sole executor 
and heir. He died June 26, 1636. 

Sir Richard Crane, brother of Sir Francis, 
who came into possession of the tapestry 
works at Mortlake, assigned them to the 
crown, and retired to the manor of Woodris- 
ing, also bequeathed to him by his brother. 
He was created a baronet by King Charles I, 
March 20, 1642, and on the following Sep- 
tember 26 was knighted at Chester. He mar- 
ried (first) Mary, daughter of William, Lord 
Widdrington. and after her death married a 
second time, but left no children by either 
marriage. By his will, September 20, 1645, 
the manor passed to his adopted heiress and 
niece, Frances, youngest daughter of his sister, 
Joan Crane, who had married William Bond, 
of Earth, county Cornwall. This niece, 
Frances, married William Crane, of Lough- 
ton, son of John Crane, clerk of the kitchen to 
Kings James and Charles. 

William, son of Symond, and grandson of 
John Crane, of Wood-Norton, married Mar- 
gery, daughter of Sir Andrew Butler, and 
removed to Suffolk county, where several 
members of the family had already established 
themselves. William Crane's first wife had 
been Anne, daughter of William Forrecy, and 
by his second wife he had two children, John 
and Robert, of Stoneham and Chilton. Like 
his fatlicr, Robert Crane married twice, (first) 
Agnes, daughter of Thomas Greene, of Greet- 
ing, and (second) the daughter of Thomas 
Singleton, who bore him a daughter Agnes, 
who married an Appleton and had two sons, 
John and Robert, the latter of whom married 
(first) Katharine, daughter of Robert Darcy, 
and (second) Anne, daughter of Sir Andrew 
Ogard. of Buckingham, county Norfolk, who 
bore him three children: George, died 1491, 
without issue; Elizabeth, became Abbess of 
Brusverd; Marjcrv, married Thomas Apple- 
ton, 'of Little Waldingfield, Sufl^olk, and 
became the ancestress of the .\ppletons of 
Ipswich, Massachusetts. After the death of 



his only son, George, Robert Crane, of Chil- 
ton, made his nephew, Robert, son of his 
brother John of Stoneham, by Agnes, daugh- 
ter of John Calthorpe, of Norfolk, his heir. 
This Robert Crane married (first) Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Southwell, of Woodris- 
ing, who died, leaving three children : Robert, 
Anthony and Dorothy. Anthony married 
(first) Elizabeth Aylmer, and (second) Eliza- 
beth Hussey. He was cofferer to Queen Eliz- 
abeth, and dying in London was buried in St. 
Martin's-in-the-Fields. His will was dated 
August 16, and proved September 9, 1583; he 
left three daughters, Elizabeth, by his first 
marriage, married Anthony Death, of Lin- 
colnshire; Dorothy, married (first) Thomas 
Mantinge. of Dereham, and (second) Thomas 
Raxster; Mary, married Gerald Gore, son of 
the alderman of London. By his second wife, 
Jane White, of Essex county, Robert Crane, 
of Chilton, had five more children: John; 
Anne, married Edward Markaunt; Anne, 
married John Sanden and Ambrose Coole ; 
Gryssel, married Robert Bogas ; Agiies, died 
unmarried. This Robert Crane died before 
August 5, 1 55 1, and his eldest son and heir, 
Robert, married Bridget, sister to Sir Ambrose 
and daughter of Sir Thomas Jermyn. 

From the will of the last-mentioned Robert 
Crane, executed October 7, 1590, we learn that 
he was born about 1508, that the death of his 
wife Bridget had but lately occurred as well as 
that of his only son and heir apparent, Henry, 
who however left a son Robert, then about 
three years old, to whom his grandfather left 
the bulk of his estate which consisted of some 
fourteen manors and farms situated within the 
confines of twenty-one or more dift'erent par- 
ishes in the central and southern portions of 
county Suffolk. In order that the property 
might be kept intact, and at the same time that 
his other children might have the benefits 
therefrom until his grandson came of age, 
Robert Crane devised an elaborate scheme of 
trusts whereby his six daughters each had 
some one or more of the different manors in 
trust during the heir's minority, they enjoying 
the income of the estates for that period and 
turning the property over intact to him when 
he reached the age of twenty-one. Sir Robert 
Jermyn, of Rushbrook, was also one of these 
trustees and the residuary legatee, and "espec- 
ially appointed guardian" of the young heir 
that the proceeds of his trusteeship might be 
used "for the purpose of givingthesaid Robert 
a virtuous eclucation and a Ciodly bringing 
up." 



STATE OF NEW I l-.RSEY 



17 



liefure Ik- was out of his teens, young 
Robert Crane became the favorite of King 
James I, who knighted him at Newmarket, 
February 2"], 1604. January 19, 1606, he 
married Dorothy, daughter of Sir Henry 
Hobart, lord chief justice of the common 
pleas, and soon afterwards entered into pos- 
session of the estates left to him by his grand- 
father, taking up his residence in the old 
family mansion, "Chilton Hall." Among his 
intimate friends were the Appletons of Little 
W'aldingfield and the W'inthrops of Groton : 
and James I, by letters patent, November 22. 
1615. granted his "free warren," in his exten- 
sive estates, which was the exclusive privilege 
to keep and hunt certain beasts and fowls 
within those bounds. In 1620 Sir Robert 
Crane came before the freeholders and inhabi- 
tants of county Suffolk as one of the two can- 
didates for "Knights of the Shire." He was 
successful; and joining the parliament, Janu- 
ary 30, i62i,at once made himself conspicuous 
by his zeal for his country and constituents. 
The next election gave him a seat in ])arlia- 
ment as a representative from Sudbury. April 
II, 1624, his wife Dorothy died, and Septem- 
ber 21 following he married (second) Susan, 
daughter of Sir Giles Allington, of Cam- 
bridgeshire. May II, 1627, Charles I created 
him a baronet ; and in 1632 he was high sheriff 
of the county of Suft'olk. In 1640 the election 
was so close that Sir Robert's seat was claimed 
by his opponent, Mr. Brampton Gurdon, son 
of John Gurdon, of Assington. a connection 
by marriage of the Saltonstalls and the friend 
or relative of "Mr. Rogers in New England." 
December 8, 1640, the parliamentary commit- 
tee to whom the contested election had been 
referred reported "that Sir Robert Crane is 
duly elected ;" and consequently he took his 
seat in the famous long parliament, where he 
joined the opponents of King Charles. May 
3, 1641, he affixed his name to the "Protesta- 
tion," which declared for the protestant reli- 
gion and the privileges of parliament ; and he 
was appointed one of the commissioners for 
the county of Suft'olk whose duty it was to see 
to the enforcement of the act against scan- 
dalous clergymen and others. In August, 1642, 
a mob surrounded Long Melford, the home of 
Lady Rivers, a recusant, and a retainer of the 
Earl of Warwick, Mr. Arthur Wilson, was 
sent with a few men and a coach and six to 
fetch Lady Rivers to Lees Priory. Reaching 
Sudbury Mr. Wilson was stopped; and 
though set free as soon as recognized, was 
imable to go on to the succor of Ladv Rivers 



owing to the great confusion at Melford. By 
traversing a byway they reached Sir Robert 
Crane's, which was between Sudbury and Mel- 
ford, and there learned that Lady Rivers had 
escaped to Bury on her way to London, and 
that Sir Robert, despite his well-known repu- 
tation as a parliament man had been obliged 
to retain a train-band in his house to protect 
himself and his property. In 1641 and 1642 
Sir Robert furnished besides a considerable 
sum of money "two grey geldings for Chris- 
topher Reps Troope" valued at £30. He died 
at London, February, 1643. ajid on the 17th of 
that month the house of commons ordered 
"that the Lady Crane shall have Mr. Speaker's 
warrant to carry down into the country the 
body of Sir Robert Crane, lately a member of 
this House." He was buried at Chilton, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1643. ^'.V li'^ second wife Sir Robert 
Crane had ten children, two of them sons who 
died very young, and eight daughters, three of 
whom pre-deceased their father, and one died 
very soon after him. The remaining four, 
Mary, Susan, Anne and Elizabeth, became his 
coheiresses, i. Mary, born March 19, 1629; 
tnarried, 1648, Sir Ralph Hane, of Stow-Bar- 
dolph, Norfolk, Baronet, became the mother 
of seven children and one of the ancestresses 
of the famous Hare and Hare-Powel families 
of Philadelphia. 2. Susan, born May 26. 
1^130; married, 1649. Sir Edward \\'alpole, of 
Houghton, Norfolk, Knight of the Bath, and 
was ancestress of the present Earl of Orford 
and of all the famous members of the Walpole 
family ; she died July 7, 1667, and was buried 
at Houghton. 3. Anne, born October 17, 1631 ; 
married. August 28, 1649, ^^ ilham Airmyne, 
Esquire, afterwards Sir William Airmyne, 
of Osgodby, Lincolnshire, and left only 
daughters ; after his death she married 
John, Baron Belayse of Worlaby, county 
Lincoln, by whom she had no children ; 
and dying August 11, 1662, was buried at 
St. Giles-in-the-East, London. Baron Belayse 
was the noted military commander under 
the two Charleses. He raised six regiments 
of horse and foot for the civil w^ars of that 
period, took part in the battles of Edgehill, 
Newbury and Naseby, and the sieges of Red- 
ding and Bristol : afterwards was Governor of 
York and commander-in-chief of the forces in 
Yorkshire. With Lord Fairfax he fought the 
battle of Selby, and at the same time was lieu- 
tenant-general of the counties of Lincoln, 
Northampton, Derby and Rutland, and besides 
being governor of Newark, was general of the 
King's Horse Guards. Three times he was 



uS 



STATI-: OF NEW JERSEY. 



imprisoned in the Tower of London ; but at 
the restoration was made lord lieutenant of 
East Riding, county York, governor of Hull 
and general of his Majesty's forces in Africa, 
governor of Tangiers and captain of the 
(lUard of (jentlenien Pensioners. 4. Elizabeth, 
born August 18, 1634; married Edmund, 
afterwards Sir Edmund Bacon, of Redgrave, 
Suffolk, Premier P.aronet of England, and 
died December 6, 1690, leaving only daughters. 

Susan, Lady Crane, widow of Sir Robert, 
became the wife of Isaac Appleton, Esquire, 
of Little W'aldingfield, a descendant in the 
fifth generation of the Thomas Appleton who 
about 1490 married Margery, daughter of 
Robert Crane, of Ciiilton. Isaac Appleton died 
about 1661 ; and his widow was buried at 
Chilton, September 14, 1681. 

Sn- Robert Crane dying without surviving 
male issue, the family prerogative passed into 
the hands of his cousins, the descendants of 
his great-uncle, John, of Norfolk, but to which 
one it is impossible with the data at hand to 
say positively. Among these cousins were 
Joseph Crane, of Earl Stoneham, Suffolk, who 
"bore the same coat armor as Sir Robert, and 
Robert Crane, Esquire, of Suffolk, whom 
Charles IL, in 1660. made a Knight of the 
Royal Oak. Another, a contemporary of Sir 
Robert of Chilton, was Robert Crane, of Cog- 
geshall, a parish on the Blackwater and near 
Braintree, county Essex, a man of consider- 
able prominence in his day, who had a very 
large estate and was a generous supporter of 
the parliamentary cause. He was also active 
as a member of the original company to settle 
Massachusetts and owned lands in Dorchester, 
Roxbury and Ipswich. The Rev. Nathaniel 
Rogers, son of the famous preacher of Ded- 
ham. county Essex, England, and father of 
John Rogers, fifth president of Harvard Col- 
lege, married, in 1626, Margaret, daughter of 
this Robert Crane, and before emigrating to 
Massachusetts in 1636 resided in Coggeshall 
where three of his children were born : John, 
June 17, 1627; buried June 21, 1627; Mary, 
February 8, 1628; John, January 23, 1630. 
In 1643 Robert Crane, of Coggeshall, was 
appt)inted a member of the committee for the 
execution of .several ordinances of parliament, 
and again February 15, ir)44, on the committee 
for raising and maintaining forces lor the de- 
fence of the kingdom under the command of 
Sir Thomas Fairfax in county Essex. F'ive 
days later he was placed on another committee 
for raising and levying a monthly sum of i2i,- 
000 among the several counties for the main- 



tenance of the Scottish army, commanded by 
the Earl of Leven ; and again in August fol- 
lowing to raise the weekly sum of £1,125 from 
his own county of Essex to maintain the army 
of parliament. After the death of Mary his 
first wife, Robert Crane married (second) 
Mary, daughter of Samuel Sparhawke, of 
Dedham, Essex. His will was proved in 1658, 
and he left six children : Samuel, Thomas, 
Robert, Margaret, "wife of the Reverend Na- 
thaniel Rogers, now in New England;" Mary, 
wife of Henry Whiting, of Ipswich, and Eliz- 
abeth, wife of William Chaplyn. He had also 
a brother, Thomas, who predeceased him, and 
left another, John Crane, of Horram, county 
Suffolk, as well as a cousin, Robert, "son of 
my cousin Robert Crane of Braintree." 

In view of the fact that Robert Crane, of 
Coggeshall, was personally connected with the 
settlement of Massachusetts ; that he owned 
lands in various towns within that common- 
wealth; that his daughter, Margaret, wife of 
the Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, came with her hus- 
band and settled in New England ; that the 
Cranes, Jasper excepted, who emigrated to the 
new world bore christian names correspond- 
ing to those borne by members of the family 
of Robert Crane, of Coggeshall, — there is 
much probability to the hypothesis, now gen- 
erally adopted, that the American Cranes are 
closely related to this branch of the family. 
Jasper, however, may possibly have come from 
Hampshire, and be a descendant of Hugo de 
Crane, fifth sheriff of that county, 1377 to 
1399, in the reign of Richard II ; as he was a 
nephew of the Margaret Crane, of Hampshire, 
who married Samuel Huntington, and whose 
daughters married, i\Iargaret, May 2, 1592, 
John Ogden, of Bradley Plain, Hampshire, 
and Elizabeth, on the same day. Richard Og- 
den. of Wiltshire, and thus became the mother 
of John, the founder of the Elizabethtown 
Ogdens, and of Richard, the founder of the 
Fairfield, Connecticut, and South Jersey Og- 
dens. 

The earliest record of the Cranes in the new 
world is January 8, 1637, when John Crane is 
registered in Boston. Two years later Jasper 
Crane attended a general meeting of all the 
free planters of New Haven, held in Mr. New- 
man's barn, June 4, 1639. Samuel Crane, in 
1640, was elected to the town committee of 
Dorchester; and Henry Crane, probably a sen 
of Samuel, is recorded there in 1654. Ben- 
jamin Crane was in Wethersfield, Connecti 
cut, as early as 1655 with his brother, Henry, 
who went to Guilford in 1660. Stephen Crane 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



19 



was in New Jersey in 1665; and John 'raiic 
again, appeared at Coventry or Bolton, Con 
necticut, about 1712. 

John Crane, of Boston, and Samuel Crane, 
of Dorchester, appear to have. either died or 
returned to England, the latter leaving Iv's 
son, Henry, born probably in England about 
1621 ; married Tabitha, daughter of Stephen 
Kinsley; settled in Braintree, AIassachu-~ett3, 
and left a large line of descendants. There is 
also quite a little evidence to believe that }>en- 
jamin and Henry Crane, of W'ethersfield \\c: e 
sons of John, of Boston, and that John (..rane. 
of Coventry, Connecticut, was a grandson of 
Benjamin, of Wethersfield, and possibly a son 
of John Crane, who married .Abigail Butler, 
October 27, 1692. 

Jasper Crane removetl from New Haven to 
Branford in 1652. He was a very prominent 
member of the colony but became dissatisfied 
when the colony united with Connecticut as 
he wished it to remain independent. Conse- 
quently he threw in his lot with the Branford 
contingent of the original settlers of Newark, 
New Jersey, and became one of that town'^ 
most prominent citizens and the founder of 
the most numerous of the New Jersey lines of 
descent. 

•According to the family traditions of his de- 
scendants, Stephen Crane, of Elizabeth. New 
Jersey, came from England or Wales between 
1640 and 1660, and there is no claim to a con- 
nection with the other families. Mr. EUery 
Bicknell Crane, however, says that "there 
seem several reasons for placing the honor (of 
being Stephen's father) upon Jasper. The 
latter had children born before arriving at 
New Haven and as they went to New Jersey 
about the same time, and Stephen occupied 
lands adjoining lots owned and occupied by 
children of Jasper, with suitable age, and fam- 
ily names that were more or less adopted in 
common, and to say the least, strong indica- 
tions that there existed close family ties be- 
tween them." It should be noted, however, 
that there is a Cornwall family of Cranes, dat- 
ing from the latter part of the fifteenth cen- 
tury in which all of these same names occur; 
and so far as the present writer knows it is 
the only one which does include the name of 
.Stephen. 

(I) Stephen Crane, "of Elizabethtown." 
was born about 1630 or 1635. Some have 
claimed that he was born as early as 1619: 
and there is a tradition, coming from his 
great-great-grandson, the Rev. Elias \\'. 
Crane, that "about 1625, * * * during 



the persecution of the Puritans in England 
under Queen Elizabeth, the ancestor of the 
Crane family came to America. His name 
was Stephen. The ship in which he came is 
supposed to have sailed from the west of 
England, favored at embarkation by a fog 
* * * to have sunk at Aniboy, New Jersey, 
but all on board were saved. Stephen Crane 
settled at Elizabeth Town, named for Queen 
Elizabeth, who confirmed the purchase of 
lands from the Indians." It is a pity that 
such a tradition must be stamped as almost 
wholly if not altogether fiction, but history is 
against it. Queen Elizabeth died in 1603 and 
was succeeded by James I, who in turn was 
succeeded in 1625 by Charles I.; and it is a 
matter of record that the name "Elizabeth- 
town was bestowed by Sir Philip Carteret, the 
first Governor of East Jersey, in honor of the 
Lady Elizabeth Carteret, the wife of his 
brother Sir George Carteret, the proprietor." 
Moreover, if Stephen Crane came to .America 
as indicated in 1625, he must have been at 
least one hundred and five years old when he 
died, a thing in itself very improbable, and his 
children, assuming the dates of their births 
to be approximately correct, all born after 
their father was sixty-five or seventy years 
old. Stephen Crane's name is recorded as 
one of the original Elizabethtown associates of 
1665, and he with them took the oath of alle- 
giance to Charles II, February 19. of that 
year. This is the first record we have of him. 
His house lot of six acres was bounded south- 
east by Samuel Trotter, northwest by Crane's 
brook, east by the mill creek, and west by the 
highway. He also had sixty acres between 
two swamps and adjoining William Cramer's; 
also seventy-two acres on Crane's brook, 
bounded by the brook. William Cramer, Rich- 
ard Beach. Nathaniel Tuttle and William Par- 
don ; and also eighteen acres of meadow "to- 
wards Rawack Point" ; in all about one hun- 
dred and fifty-six acres. In 1675 he obtained 
from the proprietors of East Jersey a patent to 
confirm his title to these lands ; and in 1710 he 
executed a deed to his son Nathaniel giving 
him his house lot in Elizabethtown and other 
parcels of land in which he describes them as 
bounded by the lands of John, Daniel, Jere- 
miah and .Azariah Crane. By his will, dated 
1709, he beciueathed to his son John, another 
piece of land within the town limits. He was 
one of the most active opponents of the un- 
warrantable acts of Governor Carteret, and 
with Robert Morse was the one who demol- 
ished Richard Michel's house "and plucked 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



up the pallisades of his garden." .\ccording 
to the fundamental agreement of 1(165, made 
in town meeting and consented to by the gov- 
ernor on his arrival, none but the people in 
town meeting assembled could determine who 
should be admitted as associates and free- 
holders. Carteret, who had brought over with 
him as servents a number of Frenchmen and 
other foreigners, in direct violation of this 
consent, February 10. 1669, made Claude \'al- 
lot a freeman by proclamation and gave him 
a grant of land. October 31. 1670, he re- 
voked the commissions of the officers of the 
train band and forbad the drill. May 16, 
1671, in violation of the provisions of the 
Concessions, he constituted a special court and 
a few weeks later repeated his first offence by 
making Richard Michel, another Frenchman, a 
freeman and giving him a grant of land. 
Michel fenced in the land, built himself a house 
on one part and sublet the remainder to Will- 
iam I^etts, the weaver. If such acts of ag- 
gression on the part of the governor were tol- 
erated they might be followed by others and 
the town soon became overrun with foreign- 
ers, claiming equal shares in the plantation : 
and if the acts were not resisted, the town's 
privilege of self-government was gone. Con- 
sequently the town meeting assembled, warned 
Michel's tenants not to use the lands they 
rented and appointed a committee to tear down 
the fence. Robert Morse and Stephen Crane, 
who were ne.xt door neighbors, living on the 
west side of the creek, took upon themselves 
to demolish the house and garden plot, and 
although it must have been warm work for a 
midsummer day, June 20, 1671, their deed 
proved to be the clima.x of tiie fight against 
the governor, who was forced to let the matter 
drop, and in the following October appoint as 
constable of the town William Meeker, one of 
his bitterest opponents. December 11, 1673, 
Stej)hen Crane with the other Elizabethtown 
men swore allegiance to the Dutch who had 
reconquered the province, which they were to 
hold for a short time longer; and in 1694 he 
subscribed fifteen shillings tf) the support of 
the minister of the town, the Rev. John Har- 
riman. 

About 1663 .Stei)hen Crane married. It is 
said that his wife was "a Danish woman with 
red hair, and that nearly all the Cranes in and 
about Elizabethtown and Westfield" are de- 
scendants from them. There arc four sons of 
record to Stephen Crane and his wife: i. John, 
in 17 13 one of the overseers of the highways, 
and in 1720 a town-committeeman. Decem- 



ber, 1714, he purchased one hundred acres on 
the east side of the Rahway river, on which 
he located a saw and grist mill, and which he 
bei|ueathed to his sons John and Joseph. He 
also owned land on the southwest side of the 
river where the town of Cranford is now sit- 
uated. He married E.sther, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Esther (Wheeler) Williams, and left 
ten children: John, Matthias, Benjamin, mar- 
ried Esther \Voodruff, Samuel, Abigail, mar- 
ried Jacob DeHart, Joseph, Esther, Sarah, Re- 
becca antl Deborah. 2. Jeremiah, whose wife 
was named Susanna, was admitted among the 
second generation of associates in 1699 and the 
same year signed a petition to the king. He 
(lied in 1742, leaving a widow and one son 
James. 3. Daniel, referred to below. 4. 
Nathaniel, whose wife Damaris was born in 
1684, died October 9, 1745, leaving seven 
children: Nathaniel, married Mary, daughter 
of John Price : Caleb, Jonathan, Christopher, 
Moses, married Joanna Miller : Phebe, mar- 
ried the father of John Chandler ; Mary, whose 
first husband was a Chandler, and who by her 
second husband became the mother of General 
Elias Dayton. 

(II) Daniel, son of .Stephen Crane, of 
Elizabethtown, was born about 1670 or 1675, 
died I-'ebruary 24, 1724. In 1699 he signed 
the same petition to the king that his brother 
Jeremiah did, and he married Hannah or Su- 
sannah, daughter of William Miller, and sister 
to .A.lderman William Miller. In his will he 
mentiiins five sons: I. Daniel, born in 1703, 
died February 25, 1723. 2. Jonathan, born 
-April 19, 1705, died January, 1766, in West- 
field: married Mary , who died in 1766, 

aged si.vty-two years, who bore him four chil- 
dren : Hannah, born July 24, 1728; Mary, No- 
vember I, 1730: Sarah, Alay 24. 1733. died 
March i, 1738: Rebecca, July 12, 1740, mar- 
ried Deacon Joseph .Achur, and was the 
grandmother of John D. Norris, of Elizabeth- 
town. 3. William, left no further record. 4. 
Stejiheu, referred to below. 5. David, born 
about 1712, left his brothers Stephen and 
W illiam at Elizabethtown and removed to 
Maryland, settling in Chestertown, Kent 
county, where he established himself in the 
business of tanning and currying leather. He 
married Elizabeth Rickets, of Chestertown, 
and died quite young leaving two children : 
David, born .September 19, 1743, married 
.Mary, sister to Colonel Philip Reed, the com- 
mander at the battle of Caulk's Field where 
Sir Peter Parker fell in 1814. David himself 
was a captain in the revolution and did good 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



service at Clow's Fort on the Delaware boun- 
dary. He left thirteen children. Sarah, tiie 
other child of David, son of Daniel Crane, 
died without issue. 

(Ill) Stephen (2), son of Daniel and lian- 
iiah or Susannah (Miller) Crane, was born in 
1709, died June 23. 1780. He was one of the 
leading patriots of New Jersey during the 
revolution, and under the colonial government 
was a man of considerable note in his day. 
His portrait is in the engraving, "The First 
praver in Congress." His homestead was 
about one and one-half miles from Elizabeth, 
near the point where the road to Calloping Hill 
leaves the road to Mulfords. The spot is in 
sight of and on the north side of the Central 
railroad of New Jersey. The old well was on 
the opposite side of the road from the house 
which was recently still standing in good pres- 
ervation and under a large oak tree. 

The controversy between the townspeople 
and the proprietors, which had been going on 
almost ever since the founding of the town 
and which was to result in the famous Eliza- 
bethtown bill in chancery, had in the time of 
Stephen Crane become quite acute and had 
led to many actions for trespass and ejectment, 
and the county lines had become so changed 
in the interests and for the benefit of the pro- 
prietors that it was determined to carry the 
matter directly to the king. November 16, 
174;^, Solomon Boyle, of Morris county, wrote 
to James .Alexander, both of them belonging 
to the interests of the proprietors, that he "had 
been to Elizabethtown the week before and 
had been informed that the people of that 
place and the people of Newark had come to 
a written agreement relative to their boundary 
— the Newarkers to join in sending home 
against the proprietors, but that Colonel (Rob- 
ert) Ogden said that it was not finished and 
that none of the Ogdens would agree to it." 
December 12, followine, David Ogden wrote 
to James Alexander, his fellow-councillor of 
the proprietors, confirming what Royle had 
written and stating further that "Mr. Fitch 
from Newark had met the Elizabeth Town 
Committee and left with them a petition to 
the Kine for relief against the proprietors 
with which thev were much pleased : that 
Matthias Hatfield and Stephen Crane had been 
chosen bv them to ?o to England durins; the 
winter and lav it before the Kinjr." The ap- 
peal referred to in the above auoted extracts 
was drawn up by a lawyer of Norwalk, Con- 
necticut, who was afterwards governor of that 
.state. Jt recites clearly and fully the matters 



ui controversy, narrates succinctly the history 
of the Indian purchase and of the 0]j]josing 
claims, refers to the litigation already determ- 
nicd, and to the other suits still [tending, shows 
the difficulty of obtaining an impartial hearing 
of the case as the courts and the country are 
constituted, and appeals to his Majesty for re- 
lief. The address is signed by three hundred 
and four persons, purporting to be "The Pro- 
prietors, Freeholders and Inhabitants of a 
Tract of Land now called Elizabeth Town," 
etc. It was taken to England and presented 
to King George II by Matthias Hetfield and 
.Steven Crane, read in council. July 19, 1744. 
referred to the lords of the committee of the 
council for plantation alYairs, and August 21, 
1744, referred to the lords commissioners for 
trade and the plantations, and then it is lost 
sight of, and no record has been found of what 
action if any was taken upon it. Apparently 
it had very little effect in bringing about an 
adjustment as matters went from bad to 
worse: land riots arose, and finally in 1745 the 
famous bill in chancery suit was begun, which 
was never to come to a legal termination, but 
\\ as to produce suits and counter suits, eject- 
ments, legal and illegal, until the revolution 
brought to a close forever the numerous contro- 
versies between the settlers and the proprietors, 
the crown and the British parliament. In 1750 
William Livingston, a pupil of James Alexan- 
der, one of the proprietors, and William Smith 
Jr., drew up the complaint against Elizabeth- 
town and a town committee was chosen to 
conduct the defense of the town, consisting of 
John Crane, John (2), Stephen (i). Andrew 
Craige, William Miller, John Halsted, Stephen 
Crane, Thomas Clarke and John Chandler. 
most of whom were members of the corpora- 
tion of the town. November I, 1751, Gov- 
ernur Itelcher, who had been obliged on ac- 
count of his health to remove the seat of gov- 
ernment from Burlington to Elizabethtown, 
arrived at that place, and the corporation pre- 
sented him with a written address of welcome 
signed by John Stites, John Radley. Stephen 
Crane, John Chandler, Samuel Woodruff, Rob- 
ert Ogden, Thomas Clarke and John Halsted. 
August 22, 1753. Governor Belcher incorpo- 
rated the First Presbyterian Congregation of 
Elizabethtown and appointed as the trustees 
Stephen Crane, Cornelius Hatfield, Jonathan 
Dayton, Isaac Woodruff, Matthias Baldwin, 
Moses Ogden and Benjamin W'inans. Shortly 
after this Stephen Crane became high sheriff 
of Essex county as successor to Matthias Hat- 
field aii<l as predecessor of Matthias William- 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



sonj and this office together with that of a 
judge of the court of common pleas he held 
during the agitation caused by the stamp act. 
]n 1768 lie was returned as one of the mem- 
bers of the New Jersey assembly to represent 
Essex county, and to take the place of the 
speaker, Robert Ogden, who had resigned. In 
1770 he became speaker of the house; and 
during the years \']'/2-'j}, he was mayor of 
Elizabethtown. On Saturday, June 11, 1773, 
shortly after the "Boston Tea Party," a meet- 
ing was held in Newark, and a paper offered 
by William Livingston was unanimously and 
heartily adopted urging the country to stand 
firm and united in opposition to parliament 
and inviting the provincial convention to as- 
semble speedily to appoint delegates to a gen- 
eral congress, and at the same time appointed 
as its representatives Stephen Crane. Henry 
(iarritse. Joseph Riggs, W'illiam Livingston, 
William Peartree Smith, John DeHart, John 
Chetw(x)(l. Isaac Ogden and Elias Boudinot. 
July 21. 1774, in accordance with these sug- 
gestions and pursuant of a circular letter issued 
by the Newark committee, the several com- 
mittees met at New Brunswick and appointed 
Stephen Crane "to preside over their delib- 
erations." Tliey then chose James Kinsey, 
William Livingston, John DeHart, Stephen 
Crane and Richard Smith as delegates to a 
general congress. This general congress met 
from .September to October, 1774, at Phila- 
del[)hia; and the Essex committee of corre- 
spondence issued a call for town meetings to 
"organize the towns for more vigorous resist- 
ance, and the |)rosecution of the measures rec- 
iMiimcnded by the congress." In accordance 
with this call the freeholders of Elizabethtown 
met at the court-house on Tuesday. December 
6, 1774, with Stephen Crane in the chair; a 
committee on organization was chosen and 
.Ste()hcn Crane, John DeHart, William Living- 
ston, William Peartree Smith, Elias Boudinot 
and John Chetwood were unanimously re- 
elected on the Essex county committee of 
corres])ondence. In January, 1775, Stephen 
Crane was re-elected to the colonial congress. 
In 1776 fears were entertained that the Brit- 
ish troo])s then at Boston were about to be 
transferred to New York, deneral Washing- 
ton therefore wrote to Lord Stirling to take 
pro])er measures for the defence of that city. 
.Accordingly Lord Stirling, March 13, 1776 
called upon each of the several adjacent 
counties in New Jersey to send forward at 
once three or four hundred men to aid in the 
fortifying of the city and harbor. To this 



call Newark responded immediately ; but 
Stephen Crane who had succeedetl Robert 
Ogden as chairman of the Elizal>ethtown 
committee wrote to Lord Stirling, March 14, 
to the effect that the committee had no right 
to send a detachment out of the province, 
urged the desperate state of the colony and 
said, "The .\rming the two battalions in the 
Continental Service hath drained us of our 
best Arms, and in Case a Descent should be 
made at New York, we should be liable to 
continual excursions of the enemy." On the 
following day, William Burnet, chairman of 
the Essex county committee, wrote to Lord 
Stirling that he also had received a copy of 
Stephen Crane's letter "from which we are 
afraid no men will come from Elizabeth 
Town * * * however we shall Endeav(.nir 
to prevail with them to furnish their quota, 
and hope we shall succeed": and the day sub- 
sequent to this he wrote again that "the con- 
fusion is owing to your writing to the Town- 
ship and not to the County Committee." Two 
days later Lord Stirling acknowledged the 
services of Burnet and of the people of New- 
ark and arranged with the Elizabethtown com- 
mittee to undertake preparations necessary 
nearer home, wisely judging that their refusal 
had been due not to disloyalty or cowardice, 
but to the mistaken idea of self-preservation 
so prevalent during the early years of the 
war. Shortly after this Stephen Crane lost 
his wife I'hebe, born 1714, died August 28, 
1776, and he himself followed her less than 
three years later, dying June 23, 1780, after 
thirty years of public life, maintaining always 
a good reputation for integrity, sagacity and 
courage. 

The children of the Hon. Stephen Crane 
were : 

1. Daniel, born January 3. 1733. 

2. Stephen, Jr., October 14, 1737: according 
to one account killed by the British during the 
revolution, and according to another dying 
February 11, 1796. He married (first) Phebe 
Morse, who bore him eleven children : Eliza- 
beth, Susan, Daniel, Phebe, Nancy, Margaret, 
Hannah, Mary, Jenet Sinclair, Esther and 
Jonathan; married (second) Jane Haines or 
Harris, who bore him three more children: 
Mary, Sarah, married Nehcmiah, son of Jacob 
and Phebe (Woodruff) Crane, grandson of 
Caleb and Mary, daughter of Edward Searls, 
great-grandson of Nathaniel and Damaris 
Crane, and great-great-grandson of .Stei^hen 
Crane (i), and .Solomon. 

3. Elizabeth, ^L'lrch ro, 1740; married .Sam- 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



23 



iiel Bonnel, and bore him two children : Jane 
and Lewis. 

4. David, November 27, 1742, died August 
20, 1822. He was at one time alderman of Eliz- 
abethtown : married (first) November 21, 1762, 
Anne Sayre, and (second ) in 1806, Agnes Neaty 
Cooper, and had two children by his first wife, 
David and Sarah, who died young, and with 
their father, mother and stepmother are buried 
in L'nion cemetery, Connecticut Farms. 

5. General William, born in 1747, died July 
30, 1814, from the results of a wound received 
at the storming of Oucljec, December 31, 1775. 
In this campaign he was a lieutenant of artil- 
lery under General Alontgomery, and after the 
close of the war he became a major-general of 
the militia, serving as such in the war of 1812. 
being for a time posted at Sandy Hook for the 
defence of New York City. In 1807 he was ap- 
pointed deputy-mayor of Elizabethtown. and 
from the same year until his death he was a 
trustee of the First Presbyterian Church of the 
city. He was twice married, his second wife 
being Abigail, daughter of Benjamin Miller, 
who bore him six children : Captain William 
Montgomery Crane. United States navy : 
Colonel Ichabod B. Crane, United States army, 
married Charlotte .'X. Rainger, of Barre, Massa- 
chusetts, and had Charles Henry Crane, sur- 
geon-general United States army ; the Hon. 
Joseph H. Crane, United States congressman 
and Judge of the supreme court of Ohio; 
Maria Crane, who lived with her brother, 
Joseph H. Crane, and died unmarried ; Joanna 
Crane, married John Magie and left one child 
Julia ; Phebe Crane, died unmarried aged 
twenty-five years. 

6. Phebe, June 2, 1750; married Caj'jtain 
Jacob Crane, who served in the French and 
Indian wars and was a non-commissioned 
officer under the British government in the 
w^ar with Canada, and died July 25, 181 1, 
leaving four children, Stephen, Jacob. Phebe 
and Matthias. Captain Jacob was the son 
of the Hon. Matthias Crane, mayor of Eliz- 
abethtown ; grandson of John and Esther 
(Williams) Crane: and great-grandson of 
Stephen Crane (I). 

7. Joseph, referred to below. 

8. Jonathan, May 13, 1754, died June, 1780. 
being killed by Hessian sokliers. 

9. Catharine, October 8, 1756. 

(IV) Joseph, seventh child and fifth son 
of the Hon. Stephen (2) and Phebe Crane, 
was born May 20, 1752, at Elizabethtown. 
He was at one time sheriff of Essex county 
and also a judge. May 28, 1777. he was a 



second lieutenant in Captain Dodd's company 
f)f the second regiment of the Essex county 
troojjs ; and after the war was the captain of 
a company of militia grenadiers, which to- 
gether with Captain Meeker's light horse. Cap- 
tain Williamson's infantry and Captain Will- 
iam's artillery took part in Elizaljethtown's 
famous Fourth of July celebration in 1787. 

Captain Joseph Crane married (first) Sus- 
anna Ross, born in 1749, died October 22, 
1781. Children: i. Ann, born January 20, 
1773. 2. .Susanna, December 12 or 23, 1774, 
diccl January 22, 1851 ; married. May I, 1790, 
Henry Weaver, born April 15, 1761, served on 
a privateer during the revolution, was cap- 
tured, confined in old Mill prison, England, and 
released January, 1784. About 1787 he mar- 
ried (first) Hannah Meeker, who, however, 
soon left him and returned to her own family: 
and he then eloped with Susanna Crane, anrj 
removed to Columbia county, Ohio, near Fort 
Washington (now Cincinnati), afterwards re- 
moving again to a tract of land near Middle- 
town, Butler county, and finally settling about 
1801 on Elk creek in Madison township, where 
he died .August 17, 1829, leaving a widow and 
eight out of fourteen children surviving him. 
3. William, referred to below. 4. Nancy, mar- 
ried Abraham Van Sickle and went with him 
to Trenton. Butler county, Ohio, where they 
hafl five children : Susan, Henry, Maria, 
Catharine and Joseph Van Sickle. 

Captain Joseph Crane married (second) 
.Margaret, daughter of Dirck and Sarah (Mid- 
dagh) Van Vechten or Veghten (the name is 
spelt both ways). Her father, born July 15. 
1699, died November 29, 1781 : married three 
times, (first) Judith Brockholst : (second) 
Deborah, daughter of Dominie .\ntonides ; 
and (third) in 1759, Sarah Middagh, who died 
November 17, 1785. aged forty-six. His farm 
was the camping ground of the revolutionary 
armies and his house the center of a bounteous 
hospitality to officers and men. General 
(Greene gave him a handsome mahogany table 
as a token of appreciation (-if the kindness 
shown him there. Her grandfather. Michael 
Dirckse Van Veghten, born November 28. 
1663, died in 1782: married (first) Marvtje 
Perker, and (second ) Janitje Dumon, and with 
his brother Abraham removed from the Cats- 
kills to New Jersey before 1699, where his son 
Dirck was baptized September 16, on the Rari- 
tan. His family Bible is in the Bible House 
in New York City, and his will, dated April 
'"• '^777- was probated February 4, 1782 
(Trenton, Liber M, folio 122). He was one 



24 



STATE OF XEW (ERSEY. 



of the company of eight persons who May 3. 
1 71 2, bought the Royce plantation of one thou- 
sand four hundred and seventy acres ; and 
February, 171 1. he was one of the assistant 
judges of Somerset county. In 1721 he gave 
the land upon which the first church of Rari- 
tan was originally built, shortly after the call- 
ing and coming of the Rev. Theodorus Jacobus 
Frelinghuysen. This church was destroyed at 
the time of the revolution and the second 
building was erected at what is now the town 
of Somerville. The land given by Michael 
Van \'eghten was near the bank of the Rari- 
tan river, about a quarter of a mile east of the 
present bridge near F'inderne station. Michael 
was the son of Dirck Teunise \'an \'eghten, 
born if)34, at X'eghten, Holland, emigrated to 
New Netherland with his father, married 
Jannetje Michaelse X'reelandt, and settled in 
the Catskills before 1681, residing where the 
old \"an \'echten house, the third built upon 
the site, now stands. His father was Tennis 
Dirckse \'an \ eghten, who came to New Am- 
sterdam with his family in the ship "Arms of 
Norway" in 1638, and settled at dreenbush, 
opposite Albany, where he had a farm as 
early as 1648. 

By his second marriage with Margaret \'an 
V'echten, whose niece, Elizabeth Mercereau 
\ an \'echten, was the second wife of General 
John F'relinghuysen (I\'), son of General 
I'Vederick (HI), Captain Joseph Crane had 
six more children: 1. Richard Van \'echten, 
born December 29, 1785: married: settled in 
(^hio ; had one child, a daughter, married John 
Trotter, of Macoupin county, Illinois. an(l has 
three children : Clark. Oscar and George Trot- 
ter. 2. David, .\pril 18, 1788, died about 1850, 
in Cass county, Michigan : married Elizabeth 
Huff, settle-1 as a farmer in Butler county, Ohio, 
llis wife (lied in Piasa. Macoupin county, Illi- 
nois, October q. 1880: they had eight children: 
Leonard W., .\ancy. h'lizabeth. Joanna. Isaac. 
David, John and Catharine. 3. Catharine. No- 
vember 7, 1791, died September 6, i8o'i. 4. 
Sally, lived and died unmarried. 5. John, 
.-\pril 17. 1796, died March 15, 1864: married 
Sarah Conover. and had ten children : William. 
Joel, Margaret, Tryphena, George Washing- 
ton, Mariah, Mary, John Conover, Jane Con- 
over and Joseph. 6. Michael Van \'echten 
June 17. 1800. died about 1848, unmarried. 

(V) William, eldest son and third child of 
Captain Joseph and Susanna (Ross) Crane, 
was born October 23, 1778, died at Elizabeth, 
June 4, 1830. He was a farmer, a surveyor 
and a justice of the peace; he resided at Con- 



necticut I-'arms (^now Cnion), Essex county. 
In 1802 he married Sarah Townley. of Eliza- 
beth, born October 26, 1776. died August 18. 
1832. Children: i. Anne, born November 20. 
1803, died August 6, 1805. 2. David Ross, 
January 8. 1806, died January 12, 1848, at 
Elizabeth; married, March, 1828, Phebe Ann, 
daughter of Lewis Hallam, of New York 
City, born May 17. 181 1, and had nine chil- 
dren: William Lewis, .Sarah Anna, Sarah 
Townley. Rubert lUirrell, David Ross Jr.. 
Eliza Langdon. David Ross Jr.. Jonathan M. 
M., .Susannah Ross. 3. Agnes Cooper, Au- 
gust 6, 1809, died January 15. 1857, at Morris- 
town ; married, November 17, 1836. the Rev. 
Curtis Talley, a Methodist minister, and left 
one child. Helen Williams Talley. 4. Richard 
Townley. referred to below. 5. Joseph Will- 
iam. December 14, 1815, ilied January i, 1865. 
in Wilmington, Ohio: married (first) Octo- 
ber 18. 1837, Harriet }.. daughter of Ezekiel 
Wilcox: she died leaving one daughter, Har- 
riet Jemima Crane, born July 15. 1838; mar- 
ried (second) September 25. 1839, Emma S., 
daughter of Lewis P. Brookfield, of Spring 
X'alley, who bore him two children : Lewis 
William, born September 25, 1840, and Charles 
.Augustus, July 26, 1842. 6. Jonathan Town- 
ley. Jmie 18, 1819, at Connecticut Farms; 
graduated at Princeton I'niversity, 1843, be- 
came a Methodist minister, and in 1856 re- 
ceived his D. D. degree from Dickinson 
College. His pastorate was long and success- 
ful, and he was the author of a number of 
moral and religious books. He died at Port 
Jervis, New York. February 16, 1880. Janu- 
ary 18. 1848, he married in New York City, 
.Mary Helen, daughter of the Rev. George 
Peck, nf Wilkes l>arre, Pennsylvania, born 
.\l)ril 10. 1827. who bore him fourteen chil- 
dren: -Mary Helen. George Peck, Jonathan 
Townley, William Howe, see forward, .\gnes 
Elizabeth. E 'mund Bryan, Wilber F'iske, 
Elizabeth Townley, Luther Peck. Myra 
lilanchc, Planche. Jesse T.. Jesse T.. .Stephen, 
see forward. 

William Howe, fourth child of Jonathan 
Townley Crane, was born at Pennington, New 
Jersey, FY-bruary 6, 1854. His education be- 
gan in the .Newark, New Jersey, high school, 
where he ])repared for college. He entered 
Wesleyan Cniversity in 1873 ^nd passed his 
freshman year, but his health was not rugged 
enough to allow the comjjletion of his college 
course. To recuperate he took a position as 
teacher of the district school at Lyons I'arms. 
New Jersey, where he served from Januars'. 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



25 



1875, to July. 1876. He then taught mathe- 
matics for two years in the Mississijjpi State 
Normal School at Holly Springs. After a 
special course in the New York University he 
entered the Albany Law School and graduated 
in 1880. Began the practice of law the same 
year at Port Jervis. New York. He was for 
nine years a member of the Port Jervis board 
of education and ])art of the time served as 
president of the board. In 1892 he was 
elected judge of the county court of Orange 
county, New York, holding this office for 
three years. In 1901 he removed his law 
office to New York City. He married, in 
1880, Cornelia Zearfoss. of Musconetcong, 
New Jersey, who bore him four daughters: 
Marv, Helen, Agnes Cornelia, Edna Josephine 
and Florence. 

Stephen, youngest son of Jonathan Town- 
ley Crane, was born in Newark, November i, 
1870, died at Badenweiler, Cermany, June 5, 
1900. He was educated at Lafayette College 
and Syracuse University, was a reporter and 
newspaper writer, and was correspondent for 
the Nciv York Journal in the Greco-Turkish 
war, 1897, and in Cuba, and then removed to 
England. Since his first essay in fiction, in 
1891, "Maggie, a Girl of the Streets," he has 
published many stories of various lengths, and 
since his death his widow has collected ami 
published many of his posthumous writings. 
His greatest story, however, was the "Red 
Badge of Courage," published in 1896, a very 
realistic though wholly imaginary description 
of the horrors of a battle of the civil war. 

(\T) Richard Townley, fourth child and 
second son of William and Sarah (Townley) 
Crane, was born at Connecticut Farms, Sep- 
tember 14, 181 2, died at Camden, New Jersey, 
December 18, 1886. He was a sash, door and 
blind manufacturer, and a farmer. He 
learned the sash and blind making trade from 
the firm of Baker & W'ard of Newark, and 
afterwards removed to Brooklvn, where he 
spt un in business and remained for nine vears. 
In 1847 he returned to Newark and carried on 
his business at 589 \\'est Broad street (now 
Clinton avenue) for nearly twenty years, when 
he removed to a farm near Millstone, New 
Jersey, where he spent the remainder of his 
life. Mr. Crane was a musical amateur and 
connected with several musical societies. For 
eleven years he was chorister of the First Con- 
gregational Qiurch of Clinton street, New- 
ark. He was a man "of exceptionally regular 
and temperate habits, irreproachable in all his 
business relations, and of a sensitive retiring 



nature. He was best appreciated and loved 
b\- his most intimate friends : and possessing 
a keen sense of humor, he was a most genial 
companion." September 24. 1885, he and his 
wife celebrated their golden wedding at the 
home of their youngest son at Lyons Farms, 
New Jersey, where a large gathering of rela- 
tives " and friends greeted the venerable 
couple. 

September 24, 1835, Richard Townley 
Crane married in Newark, Jane Thompson 
Dolbear. born at Connecticut Inarms, Febru- 
arv 26, 1818. Children: i. Theodore Talley, 
born in Newark, October 12, 1837: became a 
local preacher of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. He made music his life work and 
profession, and was proficient on both organ 
and piano. He comijosed considerably for 
both instruments and published a text book for 
students in music which showed a practical 
advance on any previously put out. He was 
one of the leading organists in Newark, New 
Jersey, until 1866.. He also served in this 
capacity in the cities of New Brunswick, Tren- 
ton, Philadelphia and Camden, respectively, as 
his residence changed in later years. August 
31, 1861, he married (first) in Flemington, 
New Jersey, Ruth E. Thatcher, of Everitts- 
town, where she was born November 22, 
1840. She died at Clarksboro, New Jersey. 
.August 24, 1891, leaving two children: Helen 
Elizabeth, born June 27, 1863; and Charles 
Thatcher, February 23, 1866, married. Sep- 
tember 2, 1896. Marie Cheeseman and has 
one child Theodore. He married (second) 
Henrietta Dod Miller, June 24, 1896. daughter 
of Sylvester B. Miller, of Newark, New Jer- 
sey, and is now living at Pasadena. Califor- 
nia. 2. Frederic Willard Curtis, referred to 
below. 

(VH) Frederic Willard Curtis, second and 
youngest child of Richard Townley and Jane 
Thompson (Dolbear) Crane, was born in 
Brooklyn. November i. 1842. His father 
came to Newark when l^rederic W. C. was 
four years old and he was sent for his early 
education to the public and high schools of 
that city. Until the civil war broke out. he 
was with his father learning the sash, door 
and blind manufacturing trade, but in 1864 
went to New York City and took a position as 
clerk in an importing house. He remained in 
New York for thirtv-five years in various po- 
sitions of trust, and in 1902 retired from ac- 
tive business. Mr. Crane is a Republican, but 
never sought political office. In 1863 he was 
one of those who answered the emergency 



26 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



call for seventy-five thousand volunteers, and 
was orderly sergeant of Company C, Newark 
Battalion. His home since 1870 (except two 
and one-half years in Cincinnati, 1883-85) has 
been at Lyons Farms, New Jersey, am! he and 
his family are members of the First Presby- 
terian church of that place, on Elizabeth ave- 
nue, where he has been a trustee for thirty- 
three yeais, an elder for twenty four years, and 
organist for twenty-six years. Besides music. 
Mr. Crane's taste led him to take up the game of 
chess. He was an enthusiastic amateur, and 
served two different terms as president of the 
New Jersey State Chess .Association. In 1874 
he began making a pocket chess board, a sort 
of pastime. These became known widely, and 
found sale through this and foreign countries 
for more than thirty-five years, it being known 
as Crane's Bocket Chess Board. He was also 
a lifelong student of astronomy: and several 
times gave lectures on the science, especially 
to arouse the interest of young people in the 
heavenly bodies and their movements. 

June 28, \SC^C\ he married (first) Harriet, 
daughter of .Stephen and Harriet Helen 
( Kniffin ) Riker, born .April 30, 1846, died 
November 10. 1868. who bore liim one child, 
Emma, died in infancy. October 18, 1870. he 
married (second) at Lyons Farms, Phcbe 
Townley, daughter of Jacob Smith and Rhoda 
C. (Brown) Dod. born October 10, 1841. Her 
mother was the daughter of Colonel William 
r>rown, of Lyons Farms, and her father, a 
currier of Newark, was the son of Abner 
Dod. of .\ewark. who was a mathematical in- 
strument maker and lived for the early part of 
his life in .Mendham. .\ew Jersey, .\pril 24, 
1802. he married Hannah, daughter of Joseph 
(jould. of Caldwell, and second cousin to hi- 
i)rotlier .Stephen's wife, who bore him five 
children, Susan Henrietta, Horace Lucius, 
Charles. Jacob Smith and Sarah Catharine. 
.\fter the death of his first wife. .Abner Dod 
married (second) Phebe (Bates) Squire, 
widow of Ezra Squire, M. D.. of Caldwell, 
and after her death. .Abigail (Wade) Squier, 
widow of Samuel Squier, of Livingston, but 
he had no issue by his second and third mar- 
riages. He was the son of Lebbeus Dod, of 
Mendham, and Mary, daughter of Caleb Bald- 
win, and the grandson of .Stephen Dod, of 
Mendham, son of Daniel (IH), of (iuilford, 
and Deborah Brown. By his second marriage 
with Phebe Townley Dod, Frederic Willard 
Curtis Crane had six children: i. Laura Dod, 
born December 4, 1 871, died December 24. 1873. 
2. Jessie Morence, May 3, 1873. died .August 



23, 1876. 3. Raymond Townley, May 31, 
1875; married Ada Delphine \an Name, and 
has two children, Robert Townley, born April 
12, 1903; and Phyllis Wyckofif, January 10, 

1907. 4. -Arthur Dod, September 7, 1877; 
married Nellie Hathaway, of Cincinnati, and 
has two children : Frances Hathaway, born 
.April 19, 1905 ; and Christine Dod, May 26, 

1908. 5. and 6. Clarence Brown and Willard 
Ward, twins, .April 9, 1879; Willard Ward 
died .August 11, 1879, and Clarence Brown 
married Alinnie .A. Fuhrmann. 



(For first generation see preceding sketch). 

( II ) John Crane, son of Stephen 
CR.AXE Crane, of Elizabethtown, was 
born probably in Elizabethtown, 
died in that place in February, 1723. He 
was a carpenter by trade and lived in Eliz- 
abethtown. In 1713 he was cho.sen one of 
the overseers of the highways; .August 2. 
1720. he was appointed as one of seven com- 
mitteemen for some work to be done for the 
town. In his will, dated February 7, and 
proved February 16, 1723, he mentions his 
wife Esther, his sons John, Joseph, Mathias, 
I'enjamin, Samuel, all except John being un- 
der twenty-one, and his daughters, .Abigail, Es- 
ther, Sarah, Rebekah and Deborah. His saw 
mill and his grist mill on the Rahway river, 
inherited from his father, Stephen Crane, he 
gives to his sons, John and Joseph, in whose 
families the property remained for many 
years. In addition of this he disposes of one 
hundred acres of meadow in Elizabethtown, 
bought April 13, 1716, of Benjamin Wade, of 
four acres of meadow in the same place 
bought of Jeremiah Osborne, of his house and 
fourteen acre lot in Elizabethtown, and of 
much personal estate. His executors are his 
wife, the Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, and his 
brother, [eremiah Crane. 

By his marriage with Esther, daughter of 
.Samuel and Esther (Wheeler) Williams, of 
Elizabethtown, he had ten children: i. John, 
born about 1700; married; died September 11, 
1763. 2. Matthias, referred to in the sketch 
of the Benjamin family. 3. Benjamin, re- 
ferred to below. 4. Samuel, born about 1712. 
5. .Abigail, horn January 23, 1713; married 
Jacob Dellart; died before 1777. 6. Joseph. 
7. Esther, married probably John Davis. 8. 
Sarah. 9. Rebecca. 10. Deborah. 

(Ill ) Benjamin, third child and son of John 
and Esther (Williams) Crane, was born in 
Elizabethtown, New Jersey, about 1710. He 
lived near Elizabethtown. He married Esther 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



27 



Woodruff, born 171 1, died February 22, 1809. 
who bore him two children of record: i. Ben- 
jamin, referred to below. 2. Eleazar, who 
served with the New Jersey troops in the rev- 
olution, was taken prisoner in the battle of 
Long Island, August 27, 1776. and died shortly 
after from the effects of the treatment he re- 
ceived. He married Susan, daughter of David 
and granddaughter of George Day. of New- 
ark, who bore him three children, and after 
his death married (second) Matthias .Mien, to 
whom she bore two daughters. 

( I\' ) Benjamin (2). eldest child and son 
of Benjamin (i) and Esther (Woodruff) 
Crane, was born near Elizabethtown about 
1732. He lived in Westfield, New Jersey. 
He married Phebe. daughter of Joseph Halsey, 
who lived between Elizabethtown and Rah- 
wav. They had seven children: I. Benjamin, 
referred to below. 2. Abigail, born November 
22, 1762, died young. 3. Norris, born Febru- 
ary y, 1764, died February 21, 1846; married 
Jane Dunham. 4. John, born April 18, 1765. 
5. Phebe, born December 19, 1766; married 
John Johnson but had no children. 6. Sarah, 
born z\pril 12, 1771, died August 8, 1826: mar- 
ried John Ogden, of Green Village, Morris 
county. New Jersey. 7. Abigail, born Sep- 
tember 14, 1774, died young. 

(V) Benjamin (3), eldest child and son of 
Benjamin (2) and Phebe (Halsey) Crane, 
was born in W'estfield, New Jersey, November 
29, 1761, and lived in Cranville, now Cranford. 
He was an auctioneer, a farmer and a revo- 
lutionary soldier, being a private and musician 
in the Essex county troops of the New Jersey 
militia. By his wife Sarah Thompson or as 
.some accounts state, Sarah Tufts, he had 
eleven children: i. John, married Mary Clark. 
2. .\bigail. married David Hcyt. 3. Esther, 
died aged eighteen or twenty. 4. Hezekiah 
Thompson, married Amanda Osborne. 5. 
Phebe, married (first) Francis Randolph, and 
(second) George R. King. 6. Charlotte King, 
married H. Baker. 7. Norris. went to Ohio 
and married there. 8. Jacob Thompson, went 
to Ohio and died there unmarried. 9. Benja- 
min, married Electa Baker. 10. David John- 
son, referred to below. 11 Moses Thompson, 
married Eliza Scudder. 

(VI) David Johnson, tenth child and sixth 
son of Benjamin (3) and Sarah (Thompson) 
or (Tufts) Crane, was born in Cranville. New 
Jersey. He went to New York where he 
spent five years trucking and teaming, and 
then returned to Cranford (formerly Cran- 
ville) and went to farming. He was a 



Democrat in politics. By his marriage with 
Hannah Eliza, daughter of Isaac and Rebecca 
(Higgins) Roll, whose other chiklren were 
James. Elmer. Mary, Jane and John Roll, he 
"had eight children; I. James, married Sarah 
Clark, and had Samuel, Leonora, Aaron D., 
James and Joseph Crane. 2. Jacob Thompson, 
died aged two and a half or three years old. 
3. David Newton, referred to below. 4. 
George King, married a Winans and had Min- 
nie, Jessie, and Ethel Crane. 5. Isaac Roll, 
married Frederica Springer, wiio with her hus- 
band is now^ dead. 6. John. 7. Hezekiah, 
married (first) Annabel Brokaw. and (sec- 
ond ) Althea Woodruff. 8. Benjamin Frank- 
lin, died aged three weeks old. 

(\Tll David Newton, third child and son 
of David Johnson and Hannah Eliza (Roll) 
Crane, was born in New York City. October 
II. 1835. and is now living in Newark, New 
Jersey. For his early education he was sent 
to the private school of Union county and pub- 
lic schools of Plainfield. New Jersey, and in 
1 85 1 came to Newark in order to learn the 
jewelry trade, in the same shop that he now oc- 
cupies at 13 Franklin street. LTntil 1861 he 
was a journeyman there ; in that year he re- 
turned to New York, having accepted a po- 
sition as foreman for the firm of .Arthur Rum- 
rill & Company with whom he continued to 
act as such for the succeeding nine years. For 
two years, beginning with 1874, he lived in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, as the representa- 
tive of the firm of Arthur Rumrill & Com- 
pany: and in 1876 he returned to Newark to 
act as foreman for the firm of Mclntire, Be- 
dell & Company, with whom he remained until 
1883. when he formed a partnership with O. 
J. Valentine, under the name of O. J. Valen- 
tine & Company, which in 1895 became the 
present firm of Crane & Theurer, which 
makes a specialty of the manufacture of solid 
fourteen karat jewelry of all kinds. Mr. 
Crane is a Republican. He is a member of 
the. Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Since 
1857 he has been a member of .St. Paul's 
Methodi.st Episcopal Church, and since 1874 
a trustee and officer. 

December 10. 1853. David Newton Crane 
married (first) Emily .Augusta, eldest child 
and only daughter of Thomas and Anna Eliza 
(Taylor) Milledgre. whose only other child 
is George W. Milledge. Children: i. and 2.. 
both of whom died in infancy. 3. Anna Au 
gusta. referred to below. 4. Frank Newton, 
married Sophia Taylor and has two children : 
Ethel Corinne and Elizabeth Winifred. David 



28 



STATE OF NEW IKRS1':Y. 



Xewton Crane married (secotKl) Anna Maria 
Trilley. 

(\TII) Anna Augusta, only daughter to 
reach maturity of David Newton and Emily 
Augiista (Alilledge) Crane, married, Decem- 
ber 24, 1879, Robert Whitfield Sole, born in 
Newark, New Jersey, April 26, 1856, and now 
living in that city. Educated at the Newark 
public schools, when fourteen years old he en- 
tered the em])loy of Matthias Plum as feeder 
to one of his j^aper ruling machines. Seven 
years later he started in for himself in the 
business of ruling paper in which he is at pres- 
ent engaged. He is a Republican, and for- 
merly was a member of St. Paul's Methodist 
Episcopal Church, but now attends the Eliza- 
beth Avenue Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Sole's great-grandfather was Benjamin 
Sole, who died May 31, 1804; he married, in 
1800, Jane, born July i, 1780, died September 
8, I7'9i, and Catharine, born October 21, 1753, 
died August 24, 183Q, daughter of Hubartiis 
Dubois, born September iq. 1725. died Octo- 
ber 13, 1807, son of P>enjamin Dubois, born 
April 16, 1697. died November 7. 1766. who 
married, March 30, 1721, Catharine Laytain, 
born April 3, 1696, died November 8, 1777. 
Robert Sole, born October 12, 1801, died June 
6, 18-70: married Sophia Wardrell, September 
I, 1824; she died June 15, 1879. Their son, 
Benjamin I,ewis Sole, born September 5. 
1829, died January 17, 1894; married, June 
10. 1851, Margaret Z. Kitchell, and had" five 
children: i. Sonhia Jane, born April 13, 1852, 
died July 28. 1880. " 2. Charles Addison. boVn 
March ^o. 1854. died March 7, 1861. 3. Rob- 
ert Whitfield, referred to above. 4. Lewis 
Flermance, horn February 25. 1859. died Feb- 
ruary 14. i86t. 5. Ella Margaret, born May 
I, 1867, died November 5, 1006. 

The children of Robert Whitfield and .A.nna 
.\ugusta (Crane') Sole are: i. Walter Crane, 
born November 5. 1880: married. May 14. 
1903. .Alice I. Stephenson, of New York, and 
has two children: William Stenhenson Sole, 
born Novf>niber 2. 1903. and Robert Crane 
Sole, ,\pril 8. looc;. 2. Edna Gertrude, born 
Februarv 20. 1883. 3. Herbert Whitfield. 
born May 2, 1889. 



(For RnRllsh anopstry see Sir Thomas Crane 11. 

Tnsper Crane, the first of 

CR.\NF. his name so far as we know to 

set ffHit in the new world, was 

born i>robnl,lv phont 1^103. somewhere near 

Bradley Plain, Hampshire. England, died in 

Newark, New Jersey, in 1681. His aunt was 



Margaret Crane who married Samuel Hunt- 
ington, whose child, Jasper's cousin, Marga- 
ret Huntington, married. May 2, 1592, John, 
son of Edward and Margaret (Wilson) Og- 
den, and whose daughter, Elizabeth Hunting- 
ton, Margaret's sister, married Richard 
Ogden. the brother of John Ogden, who mar- 
ried Margaret, and the father of John Ogden. 
the emigrant to Southampton and Elizabeth- 
town. Jasper Crane's own daughter. Hannah, 
married Thomas, son of Margaret and Simon 
Huntington, a brother of Samuel and Mar- 
garet (Crane) Huntington. 

June 4, 1639, Jasper Crane, who was one 
of the original settlers of the New Haven col- 
ony, was present at the meeting held in Mr. 
Newman's barn, and signed the first agree- 
ment of all the free planters. He took the 
oath of fidelity at the organization of the gov- 
ernment, together with Campfield, Pennington. 
Governor Eaton, and others : and in 1644 he 
was "freed from watching and trayning in his 
own person because of his weakness, but to 
find some one for his turn." W'ith Robert 
Treat he was a member of the general court, 
and for many years he was a magistrate. In 
165 1 he was interested in a bog ore furnace at 
East Haven : and in 1652 he removed to Bran- 
ford, where he was elected a magistrate in 
1658. having held the office of (leputy for 
some years previous to that date. Thomas 
Lechford. Esquire, a lawyer in Boston. Massa- 
chusetts Bay. who kept a diary from June 27, 
1638. to July 29. 1641. which has been pre- 
served, makes this following note in connection 
with Jasper Crane : 

"Samuel Searle of Ouinapeage Planter in 
behalfe of Jasper Crane of the same Agent or 
Attorney for Mr Roe Citizen of London De- 
miseth unto Henry Dawson and John Search 
of the Snme one house and house lott and three 
acres of land lying in Boston wherein William 
Herricke now dwelleth fmni 20 Sept. next for 
five years four poinids ten shillings rent half 
\early. to fence to the value four ])oun'ls ten 
shillings, to repaire 21 — 6 — 1640." 

This transaction, showing Jasper Crane's 
connection with a gentleman of London, has 
led some persons to think not only that Jasper 
was known in London, but also to conjecture 
that he had lived there. It is also probable 
that this entry furnished the tradition that Jas- 
per came to America from London, which has 
always been cherished by some of his descend- 
ants, although an exten.sive research among the 
record offices in London has failed to find 
any trace of him there, and it has remained for 



STATE OF NEW I ERSE Y, 



29 



the investigators into the Enghsh ancestry of 
the Ogdens of Ehzabethtown to bring to light 
Jasper Crane's connection with Bradley Plain 
and Hampshire. 

Another tradition with regard to Jasper is 
that he came over to Massachusetts Bay in the 
ship "Arbella," with (lovernor Winthrop. 
Whether he came from parents occupying high 
or middle stations in life can as yet hardly 
be determined by the records that have come 
down to us. He was assuredly one of the 
staunch and active men among the first settlers 
of the Xew Haven colony as well as one of 
the fathers of the new settlement in New Jer- 
sey. With Captain Robert Treat, he seems 
to have had a large share of the weight of re- 
sponsibility of that young colony upon his 
shoulders, and its success greatly at heart. It 
is said that he did not go with the first com- 
pany to "Milford," as the new "town upon 
Passaick river," was at first called ; but he did 
sign the first articles of "fundamental agree- 
ment" in 1665, his name being the first among 
the list of the signers, not only to the articles 
agreed upon October 30, 1666, between the 
Branford and Milford companies of settlers, 
but also January 20, 1667, on the list of signers 
and church members of the first church at New- 
ark, where he became one of the most influ- 
ential and prominent men, second only to 
Robert Treat and Sergeant John Ward. Jas- 
per Crane and Robert Treat were the first two 
magistrates of the town. 

It is said, and is most probably true, that 
the cause of Jasper Crane's coming to Newark 
was his dissatisfaction at the New Haven col- 
ony's becoming united with the Connecticut 
colony, but his governing incentive most likely 
was that which animated the majority of the 
settlers, namely, the desire to hold and prac- 
tice their own religious opinions in peace and 
the wish to escape swearing allegiance to the 
English crown, now that Charles II had been 
restored. Jasper Crane was a surveyor and a 
merchant, as well as a magistrate, and with 
Mr. Alyles he laid out most of the New Haven 
town plot, located grants, established division 
lines, and settled disputed titles. He is also 
said to have been the steward of the Rev. 
John Davenport's property in 1639. In March, 
1641, he received for himself a grant of one 
hundred acres of land in the East Meadows. 
He was one of the New Haven company con- 
cerned in the settlement of the Delaware river 
in 1642, who were so roughly handled by the 
Dutch. In 1643 his estate was voted at £480, 
with three persons in his family, himself, his 



wife, and his son John. In 1644-45 l'£ re- 
ceived a grant of sixteen acres of upland sit- 
uated in East Haven, upon which he built a 
house and in which his son Joseph was born. 
It was also while residing at this |)Iace that he 
engaged in trade as a merchant ; but not being 
satisfied with the location, he sold it, Septem- 
ber 7, 1652, and became one of the first plant- 
ers of Branford, Connecticut, which was just 
then being instituted as a new settlement by 
families from Wethersfield under the leader- 
ship of Mr. Swaine, and a number of other 
families from Southampton. Long Island, the 
flock of the Rev. Abraham Pierson. 

Jasper Crane, Esquire, and William Swaine, 
Es(|uire, were the first deputies to the gen- 
eral court of electors from Branford, in May. 
1653, Jasper being returned for the four suc- 
ceeding years. In May, 1658, he was chosen 
one of the four magistrates for the New- 
Haven colony, and he continued to hold this 
ofiice by appointment until 1663. He was also 
one of the magistrates called together by the 
governor at Hartford. 1665 to 1667. In the 
union of the colonies he was chosen one of the 
assistants, and he was also trustee of the 
county court at New Haven during 1644. In 
New Haven his house lot was located on what 
is now Elm street, at the corner of Orange 
street, the site now being occupied by the 
church of St. Thomas. 

In 1667 the first church of Newark was 
founded and a building erected. The second 
meeting house was built about 1714 or 1716; 
while the third was erected between 1787 and 
1791. The people of Bloomfield, Orange and 
Montclair communed with the Newark church 
until about 1716. In fact for considerably 
more than a hundred years after the founding 
of Newark, the crest of the First Mountain 
was the western boundary of the town, and 
until the year 1806 the town of Newark was 
divided into three wards : Newark ward. 
Orange ward, and Bloomfield ward. In 1806 
Orange became a separate town, and six years 
later Bloomfield ward became the town of 
Bloomfield. This part of Newark took in the 
territory from the Passaic on the east to the 
crest of the First Mountain on the west, and 
as this section was so thoroughly occupied by 
the descendants of Jasper Crane it was at a 
very early date called Cranetown. Jasper 
Crane was also one of the purchasers of the 
"Kingsland Farms," an immense estate near 
Newark, now known as Belleville. The exact 
date when Jasper Crane took leave of Bran- 
ford has not vet been definitely fixed. In the 



30 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



spring of 1666 the people of P.ranford. becom- 
ing dissatisfied with respect to the union of 
the New Haven and the Connecticut colonies, 
more particularly because the right of suffrage 
was to be granted to the inhabitants who were 
not members of the church, resolved at once 
to remove to New Jersey, as their agents, who 
had been sent thither, had come back, bringing 
most favorable reports of the new country. 
In October, after adopting a code of laws for 
their own government, the Rev. Abraham Pier- 
son, with a portion of his congregation, left 
Rranford for their future home, Newark. New- 
Jersey. Ap])arently Jasper Crane was not one 
of their contingent ; because although he was 
one of the twenty-three original signers of the 
first contract in 1665, he was still active in the 
public affairs of Branford, and held the office 
of assistant magistrate during the years 1666- 
67. January 30, 1667, however, he headed the 
list of signers to a new covenant, and (lisi)os- 
ing of iiis property at Branford he that year 
took up his permanent home at Newark and 
became very prominent in all the transactions 
of the town, especially during the first four- 
teen years of its growth and develoi^ment. He 
w^as the first president of the town court, and 
for several years the first on the list of the 
deputies to the general assembly of New Jer- 
sey. At the drawing of the home lots. I'ebru- 
ary 6. \(i(-^y. Jasper Crane's lot was number 
49, while number 40 fell to Deliverance Crane, 
and number 62 to John Crane, these two being 
Jasper's eldest sons. 

.•\t the town meeting of Newark, held Janu- 
ary. 1668, Jasper Crane and Robert Treat were 
chosen magistrates for the year ensuing, and 
also deputies or burgesses for the same year to 
the general assembly. From January, 1668, 
until his death Jasper Crane was now with 
Sergeant John Ward, the first citizen of the 
town, as Robert Treat, who was among other 
things the first recorder or town clerk for 
Newark, returned in 1671 to Connecticut, 
where later on he became for several years the 
governor of that colony. May 20, 1668, Jasper 
Crane was one of the committee who signed 
the agreement fixing the dividing line between 
the town of Newark and Elizabcthtown. July 
28. i66q. together with Robert Treat, he was 
chosen by the town to take the first opportun- 
ity "to go to 'York' to advise with Colonel 
Lovelace concerning our standing. Whether 
wc are designed to be a part of the Duke's 
Colony or not, and about the Neck, and liberty 
of purchasing lands up the river, that the town 
would petition for." In January, i66g, he was 



re-elected magistrate for the town and deputy 
for the general assembly "if there shall be any." 
He and Robert Treat were chosen the same 
year as the moderators of the town meetings 
for the year ensuing; and January 2, 1670. 
they were once more chosen as magistrates and 
deputies, Jasper Crane serving annually in that 
capacity until 1674. At the town meeting of 
l-\bruary 20, 1670. it was voted that the gov- 
ernor be requested to confirm Jasjier Crane 
and Robert Treat as magistrates or justices of 
the peace. The same honors were conferred in 
1671. and in addition it was voted. January 22 
of that same year, that "every man should bring 
his half bushel to Henry Lyon & Joseph Waters 
and have it tried and sealed when made fit 
with Mr. Crane's wdiich for the present is the 
standard." During 1672 Jasper Crane was 
one of the committee to see to the burning of 
the woods; and May 13, 1672, he and Lieu- 
tenant Swaine were chosen representatives of 
the town to consult with other "representatives 
of the -country to order Matters for the safely 
of the Country.'" June 17, 1672, he was once 
again chosen magistrate and also elected 
"President of the Quarterly Court to be held 
in Newark to begin September next :" while 
the following February 28, it was granted that 
"Mr. Crane having Liquors for Six Shillings a 
(rallon and One Shilling and Six Pence a 
Quart, they paying Wheat for it hath Liberty 
to sell Liquors in the Tow^n till the Country 
Order alter it." In the one hundred acre grant 
of lands drawn for by lot, May 26, 1773, Jas- 
per Crane drew number 10, he being the first 
to draw, while Delieverance Crane drew num- 
ber 32. and John Crane number 61. 

July I. 1673, "It was Voted and agreed by 
the General and universal Consent and Vote 
of all our People that there should be an Ad- 
dress by way of Petition sent to the Lords Pro- 
prietors of this Province for the removing of 
the Grievances incumbent and obtaining of 
wdiat may be necessary for the Good of the 
Province and of this Plantation — in testimony 
of our Consent hereto and of our agreement; 
what necessary Charge sliall arise hereujion we 
will defray by way of rate proportionably to 
the number of those who join in the sd Petition. 
Mr Crane Mr Bond Mr Swain Mr Kitchell 
and Henry L\'on are Chosen a Committee to 
consider with the messengers from the other 
Towns about sending a Petition to England." 
Five (lavs later, the same committee, with the 
exception that John Ward, the Turner, takes 
the place of Mr. Swain, "are chosen to agree 
with Mr Delevall about Money to send a 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



31 



Messenger to England ; and as they did agree 
with him it should be paid by the Town." 

August 4, 1673, Jasper Crane, Robert Bond, 
Lieutenant Samuel Swaine and Sergeant John 
Ward were chosen deputies "to agree with the 
llenerals at N. (Grange to have a priviledged 
County between the Two Rivers Passaic and 
Araritine or with as many as will join with us 
and if none wil join with us upon that account 
then to desire what may be necessary for us in 
our Town." The following week, August 12, 
Jasper Crane was again chosen magistrate, and 
three weeks later, September 6, 1673, he and 
Thomas Johnson form the committee to carry 
the town's petition in regard to the purchasing 
of the "Neck" to the generals at Orange, and 
to treat with them in regard to terms. Sep- 
tember 16, Thomas Johnson's place on the 
committee was taken by Robert Bond and Ser- 
geant John Ward. October 13, 1673, Jolin 
\\'ard the turner and John Catlin are chosen 
to go to New Orange to buy Kingsland's part 
of the "Neck" as cheap as they can and about 
two weeks later, October 25, "Mr Crane Mr 
Molyns and Mr Hopkins are chosen to see 
after Confirmation of the Neck and to sue for 
further Easment in Respect to Pay ;'' while 
"Mr John Ogden Mr Jasper Crane Mr Jacob 
Molynes Mr Sanuiel Hopkins Mr John Ward 
Mr Abraham Pierson, Senior and Stephen 
Freeman are chosen to take the Pattent in their 
Names in the Towne's Behald and to give Se- 
curity for the Payment of the Purchase." 
Finally. November 17, 1673, "Captain Swain 
is chosen to be joined with Mr Crane to sue 
fir Easment in Respect of Payment for the 
Neck and what is else needful concerning that 
Matter." 

In the following year. June 29, 1674, the 
town resolved that "there shall be a Petition 
sent to the Governor and Council for the ob- 
taining a Confirmation of our bought and paid 
for Lands according to the Generals promise :" 
and Jasper Crane and "Mr Pierson Junr wgre 
chosen to cary the petition and obtain its con- 
firmation at New Orange." 

.August 10, 1674, Jasper Crane was once 
more chosen magistrate ; but he was now be- 
coming quite advanced in years and the im- 
portant and exacting services required of him 
by the town must have proved a heavy tax 
upon his strength, for he now drops out of 
political office, while his sons, John. .Azariah, 
and Jasper, Jr., begin to fall in and take his 
place. February ig, 1678. the town having 
discovered that many of the settlers had taken 
up lands contrary to a town agreement, Jasper 



Crane stated at the town meeting that he 
would lay down all lands so taken if others 
would do the same, and March 10, following he 
with Robert Dalglish and his son Jasper Crane, 
Jr., was chosen to lay out Samuel Potter's lot 
again. So far as the public records of New- 
ark show this was Jasper Crane's last official 
act. 

"Judging from the entries in the Newark 
town records, we should say that, next to Rob- 
ert Treat, Jasper Crane was the most promi- 
nent figure in the early settlement of that 
town." After Treat returned to Connecticut, 
Jasper's name comes first in the filling by pop- 
ular vote of the highest and most responsible 
positions of public trust in the community. 
The strength of his hold on the confidence of 
the people is clearly manifested by their re- 
turning him annually for so many years to the 
various positions which he held, and the con- 
tinuing him therein until tlie infirmities of age 
unfitted him for further public service. The 
family name and traits of character were, 
however, appreciated, for no sooner does the 
name of Jasper Crane, Jr., disappear from the 
records of the town's proceedings than the 
names of three of his sons are brought into 
prominence, John, Azariah, and Jasper, Jr., 
falling heir not only to their father's public 
responsibilities but also to the trust and confi- 
dence which [jlaced those duties on their 
shoulders. 

August 25, 1675, there was patented to Jas- 
per Crane in Newark one hundred and sixty- 
eight acres of land as follows : "a House lot 
14 acres 17 acres, being his first division on 
Great Neck ; 1 1 acres being in part for his sec- 
ond division on said Neck ; 6 acres on said 
Neck ; 4 acres at the bottom of the Neck ; 20 
acres for his second division by Two Mile 
Brook; 20 acres for his third division by the 
head of Mile Brook ; 20 acres for his third 
division at the head of the branch of Second 
river; 14 acres of meadow for his first divi- 
sion at Great Lsland ; 12 acres for his second 
division by the Great Pond ; 14 acres for his 
proportion of bogs ; 5 acres of meadow near 
the Great Island; i acre of meadow at Beef 
Point ; 4 acres of meadow near Wheeler's 
Point, yealding one half penny lawful money 
of England, or in such pay as the country 
doth produce at merchant's price for every 
one of the said acres, the first payment to 
begin the 25th of March, which was in the 
year 1670." These lands were taken up and 
occupied some time prior to the date of the 
patents. May i, 1675, Jasper seems to have 



^2 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



been granted another warrant for one hundred 
and three acres in Newark. 

iAugust 24, 1670, the town made and agree- 
ment with Robert Treat and Sergeant Richard 
Harrison, to '"build and maintain a sufficient 
corn-mill upon the brook called Mill Brook." 
They were given the sole privilege of tiiis 
brook, with all the town grists and all the 
stone within the town limits suital)le for mill- 
stones, all the timber that was prepared by 
Joseph Horton for the mill, and two days, 
work of every man and woman "that holds an 
allotment in the town." and all the lands for- 
merly granted to Joseph Horton. They were 
to hold this land as their own so long as they 
held and maintained the mill ; but they were 
not to dispose of the mill without the consent 
of the town. The town was also to give thirty 
pounds in good wheat, pork, beef, or one- 
fourth in good Indian corn, at such prices as 
would enable them to exchange it for or pro- 
cure iron, millstones, or the workman's wages, 
etc. "Winter wheat 5 shillings per bushel; 
summer wheat 4s. 5d ; pork 3d per lb : beef 
2d; Indian corn 2s. 6d per bushel." When 
Robert Treat was about to return to Connecti- 
cut, Jasper Crane assumed his portion of the 
contract. 

Jasper Crane's descendants have been very 
numerous. One branch of them located west- 
ward of Newark, and about five or six miles 
distant from the town, and called the place of 
their abode Cranetown. Some of them took 
up their residence four miles to the southward 
of Newark at and near Elizabethtown. And 
from these three points, Newark, Cranetown 
and Elizabethtown, the family pressed their 
way further westward, crossing the Passaic 
river and settling in Morris county. "Thev 
were all remarkalile for frugality, honestv and 
piety, and were mostly Presbyterians. It has 
been said by one, not a member of the family, 
'no more respectable people, no better citizens, 
are found in our communities than those who 
bear the Crane blood in them.' " 

October 30, 1666, at a meeting in P.ran- 
ford. the preliminary agreement outlining the 
conduct of the i)roposed new settlement upon 
the "Passaick River in the Province of New 
Jersey" was signed by Jasper Crane, and his 
sons John and "Delievered." These three 
names appear among the first proprietors of 
the town of Newark, and at the town meeting 
held February 6, 1667, Jasper Crane. John 
and "Deliverance," all ajjpear to have been 
present. Thenceforth for more than a century 
the name of Crane occupied a conspicuous 



jilace in the annals of the town, and scarcely 
a town meeting was held for a period of one 
hundred years that there was not a Crane 
chosen to fill some office for the town, and it 
was not unusual to elect to public position sev- 
eral of the name at one meeting. March 13. 
1759, the family seems to have reached the 
zenith of its popularity ; for at that meeting. 
Ijy vote of the town, eight dififerent offices were 
filled by Cranes. Elijah Crane was elected 
town clerk and also clerk for the strays. John 
Crane became a freeholder ; John Treat Crane 
one of the surveyors of the highways, as did 
also Jedediah Crane. Elijah Crane was made 
collector for the town, and John Crane one 
of the collectors for the parsonage and bury- 
ing ground. John Crane, again, was one of 
the committee to settle a difficulty as to the 
line of the parsonage land ; and Solomon Crane 
became one of the overseers of the highways. 
.\s. however, the two John Cranes mentioned 
above may be one and the same, it may have 
required only seven Cranes to fill the eight 
positions, so that this election may have ex- 
ceeded by but one instead of two. the meeting 
of March 12. 1754. when six Cranes were 
elected to fill seven public positions ; John 
Crane being chosen collector ; Timothv and 
Ezekiel. surveyors of the highways; Elijah 
and William, overseers of the poor; John, 
clerk for the strays ; and Noah Crane, one of 
the overseers of the highways. 

Only the first name. Alice, of the wife of 
Jasper Crane has come down to us. In his 
will he names his children, John. Azariah. Jas- 
per, and Hannah Huntington, and his grand- 
daughter. Hannah Huntington. Consequently 
it is highly probable that he survived her. A 
special legacy in the will provides that John is 
to have his "silver bole." The children of 
Jasper and Alice Crane were: 

1. John, born about 1635. died in 1694; 
came to Newark from Branford with his 
father, and married twice, (first) Elizabeth, 
sister of Nathaniel Foote, of Wcthersfield, 
who bore him four children: John, 1671. died 
l'"ebruary 22. 1739, married and had children; 
Jaspt-r. 3d. 1679. (lied 1749 or 1769. married 

Ann and had children; Daniel. 1684, 

died .September 8. 1747, married Phebe. (laugh- 
ter of Nathaniel, and granddaughter of Ser- 
geant John Ward ; and Sarah. By his second 
wife, Hannah, John Crane may have had other 
children not of record. 

2. Hannah, born about 1(139 : married ( first) 
Thomas, son of Simon and Margaret Hunt- 
ington, who emigrated to Massachusetts Bay 



STATE OF NEW 



IlRSKY 



33 



ill 16:53. Simon dying on the voyage over, 
and his widow afterwards marrying Thomas 
Stoughton. of Dorchester, and removing with 
him to Windsor, Connecticut. Thomas Hunt- 
ington died before 1678 and his widow, Han- 
nah (Crane) Huntington, married (second) 
as the second wife. Sergeant John Ward, of 
Newark. 

3. Delivered or Deliverance, born July 12, 
164-2 ; settled at Newark, and on the map pub- 
lished in 1806 his house lot appears on Iligh 
street near the northerly end. He left no chil- 
dren. 

4. Mercy or IMary, baptized March i, 1645, 
died October 26, 1671 : married, August 22, 
1662, Jonathan Bell, of Stamford, Connecticut, 
and had eleven children. 

5. Micah, baptized November 3. 1647, prob- 
ably died in childhood. 

6. .\zariah. referred to below. 

7. Jasper, Jr., born at East Haven, Connecti- 
cut, .April 2, 165 1, died in Newark, I\Iarch 6. 
1712, was buried in the Presbyterian churchyard 
on Broad street: lived in Cranetown ; married 
Joanna, daughter of Samuel and Joanna, and 
granddaughter of William Swaine. Joanna's 
sister. Elizabeth, as the fiance of Josiah, son 
of John ^^"ard the turner, was given the privi- 
lege of being the first to step on shore from the 
ship which brought the settlers from Bran ford 
to Newark, while another sister, Christiana, 
married Nathaniel, son of Sergeant John 
Ward. The children of Jasper and Joanna 
(Swaine) Crane were: i. Joseph, born 1676, 
died 1726; married .Abigail, daughter of Joseph 
Lyon, and had eight children, ii. Jonathan, 
1678, died June 25. 1744; married Sarah, 
daughter of Major John, and granddaughter 
of Captain Robert Treat, and had seven chil- 
dren, iii. Sarah, 1683; married Joseph 
Wheeler, iv. Elihu, 1689, died April 27, 1732; 
married Mary Plum, who after his death be- 
came the wife of the Rev. Jonathan Dicken- 
son, the first president of the College of New- 
Jersey, now Princeton University. She bore 
her first husband seven children, v. Hannah. 
i6go; married as the first wife of Robert, son 
of Jonathan and Rebecca (\\^ood) Ogden. and 
grandson of John and Jane (Bond) Ogden, 
the emigrants, vi. David, 1693, died Alay 16, 
1750; by his wife Mary had eight children. 

(II) Deacon Azariah, sixth child and third 
son of Jasper and Alice Crane, was born in 
1649, in New Haven, died in Newark, No- 
vember 5, 1730. In the overturn of the gov- 
ernment by the Dutch in 1673, Deacon Azariah 
was entrusted with the concerns of his father- 



in-law, Captain Robert Treat, who was gov- 
ernor of the Connecticut colony during the 
Charter oak episode. He appears to have out- 
lived all the original settlers, and he left his 
silver bowl to be "used forever" in the First 
Presbyterian Church in Newark, where he 
was deacon from 1690 until his death. The 
church is still using the bowl to-day for bap- 
tisms. Although not yet twenty-one years old 
when he came to Newark, Azariah Crane took 
his place with the men and shouldered his 
burdens manfully from the very first. June 
24, 1667, he subscribed his name to the funda- 
mental agreements and in the allotments to the 
young men May 26, 1673, he drew lot number 
21. June 12, 1676, he began his career in 
public office by being chosen one of the town's 
men for the ensuing year, and to this position 
he was five times re-elected, namely, January 
I, 1677; January i, 1673; January i, 1684; 
January i, 1685, and January 17, 1694. Janu- 
ary II, 1681, he started his preparation for 
his diaconal duties of later life by receiving 
an appointment to "look to the Young People, 
that they carry themselves civilly in the Meet- 
ing House in time of Divine Worship, for half 
this Year ensuing." In 1684-86-88 he was 
chosen one of the surveyors and layers out of 
highways. March 22, 1683, with Joseph Riggs, 
Edward Ball, and Samuel Harrison, Azariah 
Crane was chosen "to lay out the Bounds be- 
tween us and Hockquecanung, (i. e. Passaic), 
and to make no other agreement with them of 
any other Bounds than what w'as formerly." 
besides these he was appointed to and held the 
offices of pounder and poundkeeper in 1678 
and 1683; grand juryman in 1679; constable 
in 1682; overseer of the poor in 1692; and 
deputy to the provincial assembly in 1694-95. 
April 5, 1686, "Azariah Crane, Joseph Wal- 
ters, Samuel Harrison and Edward Ball are 
chosen to go to each Person that is possessed 
of Land, and take an account of them how 
much each Man hath, and bring an Accotmt to 
the Town the next Meeting." February 7, 
1686. he was appointed one of the committee 
of thirteen who were to "take Notice of all 
Lands that Persons have appropriated to them- 
selves and regulate the same" and to "Order 
how a fourth Division of Land shall be laid 
out." April 30, 1688, his name appears as 
the fifth on a list of the committee "chosen to 
endeavour a legall Settlement with the Pro- 
])rietors, offering to give a legall .Acknowledg- 
ment for our Lands within our Town Bounds 
as exprest in our Bill of Sale, and Priviledges 
suitable for us — the said Committee in their 



34 



STATl'. OF NEW |ERSEY. 



Offer, not exceeding tlie advice of such of 
their Neighbours as are most capable to give 
Advice in that Matter." March 25, 1689, 
Azariah Crane was one of the six men chosen 
to form with the mihtary authorities of the 
town a committee to "order all aft'airs in as 
prudent a way as they can for tlie Safety and 
Preservation of ourselves, Wives, Children 
and Estates, according to the Capacity we are 
in." February 5, 1691, with Samuel Harrison. 
William Camp and Edward Ball, he was 
chosen "to take care of the Poor and of Rich- 
ard Hore and to appoint what each Alan shall 
pay for what is behind ; and also to appoint 
what each one shall pay for a quarter — they 
are also to see to remove him to Samuel Rose, 
or to some other Place, and agree as reason- 
ably as they can." August 23, 1692, he was 
one of the committee chosen to treat with the 
Rev. John Prudden with regard to his succeed- 
ing the Rev. Abraham Pierson as the minister 
of the First Presbyterian Church of Newark ; 
and later on in the same year he was one of 
the committee "to treat with the Governor and 
Proprietors about our Settlements." April 19, 
i()i)H, "it is voted that Thomas Hayse, Joseph 
Harrison, Jasper Crane, and Matthew Can- 
field, shall view whether Azariah Crane may 
have Land for a Tan Yard, at the Front of 
John Plum"s home Lott, out of the Common ; 
and in case the Men above mentioned agree 
that Azariah Crane shall have the Land, he the 
said .Vzariah Crane shall enjoy it, so long as 
he dotli follow the Trade of tanning." Octo- 
ber I, 1705, the town decided to ask the Rev. 
Samuel Sherman "to preach the Word amongst 
for Probation;" and the following February 
19, Deacon .\zariah Crane was one of the 
committee a])pointed to bear to the worthy 
dominie the unwelcome news that he would 
not suit. F'rom this time until 1709, when Mr. 
Nathaniel ])Owers took charge, there was a 
succession of unsuccessful candidates for the 
post of minister, but after a year's trial of 
Mr. Jjowers, a committee, one of whom was 
Deacon Azariah, was appciinted to take meas- 
ures for the ordination of the candidate and a 
permanent call was given to him, and he served 
the town until his deatli in 1716, when Deacon 
Azariah was appointed on another committee 
"to se out some Way to procure a Minister 
for the Town, to supply the Place of Mr Na- 
thaniel Bowers, dec'd." As stated above in 
1683. when he was thirty-four years old. Dea- 
con Azariah Crane was one of the committee 
settling the line between the town df Newark 



and Passaic, and so very fittingl}' he closed his 
long career of public civil usefulness at the 
advanced age of seventy years by being the 
first and chief witness present at the formal 
renewal of the line, April 6, 1719, exactly 
thirty-six years and fifteen days from the time 
he was appointed to make the first survey, he 
being the only one of the original surveyors of 
the line not gone to his reward. 

As early as 1715 Deacon Azariah Crane was 
living on his home place at the Mountain, and 
it is almost certain that he located there many 
years prior to that date, since by warrant, 
April 24, 1694, there was laid out by John 
Gardner "a tract at the foot of the mountain, 
having Azariah Crane on the northeast and 
Jasper Crane on the southwest. August 26, 
1675, tli*^ day after he had received the patent 
for it, Jasper Crane, Sr., and his "wife Alice," 
deeded to their sons Azariah and Jasper all the 
lands described in the previous sketch. About 
seven years later, Azariah, June 11, and Sep- 
tember 15, 1682, deeds to his "brother Jasper," 
a good part of his share, the second of them 
including the "lower part of their father's, 
Jasjier Crane's, homestead, orchard, and other 
small parcels." While about a month later, 
October 3, 1682, "Robert Treat senior of Mill- 
foord. Count," deeds to his "son-in-law Aza- 
riah Crane and daughter Mary Crane, of New- 
ark" his home lot of eight acres in that place. 
And finally January 27, 1695, there is patented 
to Azariah Crane, of Newark, the following 
tracts, namely, "i, a lot at the mountain, south- 
west John Gardner, northwest the mountain, 
northeast Edward Baall and a road, southeast 
unsurveyed ; 2. a lot called the Burnt Swamp ; 
3. a piece of meadow, east the Bay, s<juth Jiilin 
Gardner, west .Samuel Waard, north Jasper 
Craine ; in all one hundred acres." June 9, 
1679, there was issued to him also one hun- 
dred and thirty-six acres in nine parcels, the 
sixth of which was "fifty acres on branches of 
the Elizabeth River." While as we have seen, 
in 1698 the town voted him a site for a tannery 
in the town of Newark itself. 

There seems, however, to have been some 
hitch in the arrangements for this tannery 
which would have been situated at what is 
now the juncture of Market street and Spring- 
field avenue, in front of where the present 
court house now stands, and it is .somewhat 
curious that the low grounds on the east, 
through which Market street is laid became 
and are now to some extent the centre of 
Newark's leather manufactures. Conse(|uently 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



.15 



although not permanently identified with the 
industry Deacon Azariah has the honor of 
being the first in the field. 

Shortly after his unsucces.sful tannery ven- 
ture, Azariah Crane moved to his place on the 
mountain, and formed the settlement long 
known as Cranetown and now as Montclair. 
The four years succeeding the death of the 
Rev. Nathaniel Bowers were distinguished 
by differences of opinion on church order. 
The people of Newark were substantially a 
unit in favor of Presbytery, while the dwellers 
on the mountain were equally united in favor 
of the old Congregational basis. During the 
last months of 1716 and the early months of 
1717 the Rev. Jedediah Buckingham had 
served both communities, having as his suc- 
cessor in Newark says, "zealous friends and 
more zealous opponents," among the foremost 
of the latter being Deacon Azariah. Conse- 
quently Mr. Buckingham withdrew and the 
people on the mountain formed a new society 
and took organic form in 1718. January 13, 
1719, the society, henceforth known to history 
as the Mountain Society, purchased from 
Thomas Gardner twenty acres of land for a 
glebe ; and according to tradition, in the same 
year another plot of ground was given to it 
for a burial place. In the next year, 1720. a 
lot for a meeting house was selected and the 
building erected, and by the close of the year 
the first pastor had been installed. In all this 
Azariah Crane had taken a prominent part, 
and four ten years was himself a deacon of the 
societv, while his sons, and grandsons, Na- 
thaniel and Azariah, and Noah and William, 
also in their turn taking leading positions in 
the church and aiding materially with funds 
in the building of the church and parsonage 
edifices. 

Deacon Azariah Crane married Mary, 
daughter of Captain Robert Treat, the Mil- 
ford-Branford settler of Newark, and after- 
wards the governor of Connecticut. She was 
born in 1649, died November 12, 1704. Their 
children were: i. Hannah, married John 
Plum, of Milford, Connecticut. 2. Nathaniel, 
referred to below. 3. .Azariah, born 1682 ; set- 
tled at A\'est Bloomfield, near his brother Na- 
thaniel, was a subscriber to the fund for erect- 
ing the parsonage and meeting house at Mont- 
clair, was chosen one of the pounders, Novem- 
ber 2, 1703, and by his wife Rebecca had 
eight children. 4. Robert, born 1684, died 
July 14, 1755: he is said to have lived in a 
stone house in Newark. In 1718 he was 
pounder, in 1736-37 surveyor of highways. 



and in 1740 one of the fence viewers. By his 
wife Phebe he had seven children. 5. Jane, 
born 1686, died .September 12, 1755; became 
the first wife of John Richards, of Newark, 
to whom she bore three children. 6. Mary, 
born 1693; married a Baldwin. 7. John, born 
i(')9S. died September 5, 1776; lived on the east 
side of Broad street, Newark, on a part of the 
home lot inherited by his mother from her 
father, Robert Treat, was a very active and 
inrtuential man in the town; by his first wife, 
Abigail, had eight children, and by his second, 
Rebecca, two more. 8. and 9. Kichard and 
Jasper, died in infancy. 

(Ill) Major Nathaniel, second child and 
eldest son of Deacon Azariah and Mary 
( Treat) Crane, was born about 1680, probably 
in Newark, and died in 1760, leaving a will in 
which he names his children. He settled near 
a spring at West Bloomfield, now Montclair, 
on the place which as late as 1851 was occu- 
pied by Cyrus Pierson, the spring itself being 
located near the railroad depot in Montclair. 
Itoth he and his brother Azariah were large 
land owners ; their lands being bounded on the 
south by the Swinefield road, on the east by 
the Cranetown road, now Park street, on the 
west by Wigwam brook, which was the divi- 
sion line between the Crane lands and those of 
the Harrisons and Williams, and on the north 
by .Antony's brook at Alontclair, which is the 
northern tributary of the Second river. They 
also held land on the south side of the North- 
field road to the summit of the mountain. This 
last afterwards came into the possession of 
Simeon Harrison, being conveyed to him by 
the executors of Caleb, son of Noah and 
grandson of Major Nathaniel Crane. There 
is a tradition that when the lords proprietors 
claimed the payments of the quitrents for the 
lands taken by Azariah and Nathaniel Crane 
these brothers brought in a bill of equal amount 
for their services as surveyors in the employ 
of the proprietors as an offset. The bill, how- 
ever, was not accepted, and the controversy 
w as finally settled by the supreme court in the 
favor of the surveyors. It is also a matter of 
record that Nathaniel Crane paid Samuel Har- 
rison for his services in defending his right to 
the lands on which he had settled against the 
claims of the proprietors the sum- of one pound 
ten shillings. This entry which is taken from 
an old account book of Mr. Harrison was made 
in 1744. Nathaniel Crane was also a strong 
supporter of the Alountain Society which after- 
wards became the "Second Chiuxh of New- 
ark." and is now known as the "First Presby- 



3'^ 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



teiian Church of Orange." In 1749 he was one 
of the subscribers to the fund for the building 
of the parsonage for the minister, giving four- 
teen shillings; and in 1753 he gave an addi- 
tional subscription of eleven pounds towards 
the building fund of the second meeting house, 
three of his sons also subscribing, Nathaniel 
jr. three shillings six pence, William eleven 
pounds, and Xoah eight pounds. Other sub- 
scribing Cranes were Caleb. Job, Gamaliel, 
Stejihcn, Jedediah. Lewis, Elihu and Ezekiel, 
and the sum total of their subscriptions 
amounted to fifty-six pounds, sixteen shillings, 
six pence. In 1744 Major Nathaniel Crane was 
chosen recorder of strays. 

The name of Major Nathaniel Crane's wife 
is unknown, but by her he had si.x children: I. 
William; see sketch elsewhere. 2. Noah, re- 
ferred to below. 3. Nathaniel, died unmarried. 
4. Elizabeth, married a Young. 5. Jane, mar- 
ried a .Smith. 6, ]\Iehitable. married Thoinas 
Richards, who died leaving a will dated 1758, 
and three children, one of whom, Nathaniel, 
was a loyalist during the revolution and his 
estate, valued at four hundred and eighty-two 
pounds two shillings, was confiscated. 

(IV) Noah, second child and son of Major 
Nathaniel Crane, was born in 1719 at West 
Hloomfield, died at Cranetown, where he spent 
his life. June 8, iSoo. .A.t the town meeting of 
Newark, March 12. 1754, he was chosen one 
of the overseers of the highways, and again 
re-a]ipointed to the same position by the town 
meeting March 12, 1765. In 1776 he was one 
of the officers of the church at Bloomfield. He 
subscribed ten pounds six shillings for the par- 
sonage, and eight pounds for the second meet- 
ing house. 

Noah Crane married Mary, youngest daugh- 
ter of Samuel P)aldvvin, granddaughter of John 
i'aldwin Sr. and Hannah, daughter of Obadiah 
llruen, his first wife, and great-granddaughter 
of John P.aldwin, of Milford. Children: i. 
Samuel, born October 29, 1747, died February 
28, i8ri; was a farmer; born in Cranetown 
and lived in Caldwell, where he died. Decem- 
ber 3, 1784, his name is on the first list of com- 
miniicants of the church organized that year 
in Caldwell and the same year also he was 
chosen one of the deacons. Tie married Mary, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth Baldwin, and 
had eight children : Caleb, Zenas, Cyrus, Dor- 
cas, Cyrus, Elizabeth, Alary and Nathaniel. 2. 
E.sther. married Joseph Baldwin. 3. Joseph, 
referred to below. 4. Elizabeth, born .-Xpril 
IT, 1753. •'•'^■'I '" 1831 : married Jolni R., son 
of Ezekiel and Elizabeth (Ilalloway) Crane, 



granddaughter of .\zariah and Rebecca Crane, 
great-granddaughter of Deacon Azariah and 
Mary ( Treat ) Crane. They had six children : 
Alary, Nehemiah, Henry, Sarah, Hetty and 
Nathaniel. 5. Caleb, died unmarried. 6. Na- 
thaniel, born in 1758, died in 1833; married 
Hannah, daughter of \\'illiam and grand- 
daughter of Alajor Nathaniel Crane. They 
had no children. Nathaniel served in the war 
of 1812. gave the bulk of his ])roperty for the 
support of the Presbyterian ministr)', was in 
the battle of Long Island, September 15, 1776, 
was overseer of highways in 1795-96, and on 
the town committee in 1799 and 1800. 7. 
Nehemiah, died in infancy. 8. Alehitabel, born 
1764, died December 4, 1843; married General 
\\'illiam Gould, and had eleven children : Alary, 
Johnson N., Phebe. Betsy, Steplien, Emily, 
Charlotte, Nathaniel, Harriet, Willia and 
Stephen. 9. Alary. 10. Nehemiah. 11. Stephen, 
of whom nothing more is known. 

( \' ) Deacon Joseph, third child and second 
son of Noah and Alary (Baldwin) Crane, was 
born in Cranetown, 1751, died in West Bloom- 
field, where he resided, October 11, 1832. He 
held office in the church from 1794 to 1798, 
and subscribed sixty pounds in the first men- 
tioned year towards tlie building of the meet- 
ing house. He also served as overseer of the 
highways in 1806 and in the war of 1812. 

Deacon Joseph Crane married. February 15, 
1774, Hannah Lampson, a descendant of 
Eleazer Lampson, who married .Abgail, daugh- 
ter of Lieutenant Samuel Swaine, of Newark, 
Eleazer being the son of John Lampson, of 
New Haven, who came to Newark with his 
mother, Elizabeth Alorris, and Abigail Swaine, 
being the sister of the Joanna Swaine who 
married Jasper Crane Jr. Children : i. Eleazer, 
born August 20. 1775, baptized December 21, 
1783; died at Alontclair, Alay 23, 1865; un- 
married ; having been overseer of the highways 
in 1807-09. 2. Daniel, born .April 13, 1778; 
became a minister. 3. Noah, considered below. 
4. Sarah, born February 22, 1781, died .April 
20, 1835. 3. Nathaniel, born September 14, 
1783, died January 3, 1785. 6. Jane, born 
February 5, 1785, died February 9, 1864: mar- 
ried, October 24, 1806, Amzi L., son of Dea- 
con Samuel Ball ; lived many years in Orange 
coimty. New A^ork, where he was sheriff, and 
subseouently returned to New Jersey, where 
he died September 26. t86o. 7. ATary, born 
September 30, 1788. died ATay 3. 1869; mar- 
ried .Samuel W'illiams. 8. Rhoda, born De- 
cember 17, 1790. died February 28, i8ir : mar- 
ried, in 1810, Peter Doreinus. 9. Nathaniel, 



^ 



.-«^^»«^:4^ 




STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



37 



born March 20, 1794. died January 19. 1861 ; 
married Rebecca Harrison and had three chil- 
dren : Morington, Phebe and Irving. 

(\T) Noah (2), third child and son of Dea- 
con Joseph and Hannah (Lampson) Crane, 
was born in West Bloonifield, August 2, 1779, 
died September 16, 1851. He was a Presby- 
terian minister. He was twice married, his 
first wife being a Grover, and his second 
Bethia T. Conkling, born January 11, 1790, 
died July 28, 1869. By his first wife he had 
one child, and by his second seven. They were : 
I. Mary Ann. born September 26, 1805, died 
February 6. 1846; married James P. Crane, 
born in 1804, died in 1886; no children. 2. 
Lucinda, born July 24, 181 1, died January 18, 
1883; married, December 7, 1832, Pierson 
Kurd, and had six children : Imogene. Emma 
Louise, Stockton, Isabel, Walter and Orlando. 
3. Joseph, born May 24, 1813, died December 
14, 1884: married. November 5. 1839 Eliza- 
beth Conkling. who died December 11, 1884, 
and had three children : Theron, born Novem- 
ber 29, 1840, died June 17, 1841 ; Charles Spen- 
cer, January 21, 1844: married Jenny Cornelia 
Miller: Frances Bethiah, September 11, 1851. 
died December 9, 1855. 4. Henry Conkling. 
born May 24, 1816; see sketch elsewhere. 5. 
Samuel Crane, referred to below. 6. Amelia, 
born December 26, 1821, deceased. 7. Amelia, 
born June 6. 1824. died July 15, 1824. 8. Sarah 
Conkling. born .-\pril 3, 182S: married. Octo- 
ber II, 1840. John Robert .\iken. and had two 
children. Laura .\., and Henry Conkling. both 
of whom died in infancy. 

(\'ll) Samuel, fourth child and thirl son 
of Noah (2) and Bethia T. (Conkling) Crane, 
■ was born in Sparta, September 17, 1819. died 
in Newark, December 22, 1907. For many 
years he kept a country store in Sparta, and 
then came to Newark, where he learned sad- 
dlery. .\fter this he removed to New York, 
where he engaged in the manufacturing and 
selling of trunks. For nineteen years he was 
one of the overseers of the poor for Newark, 
was an independent Republican, and at one 
time school commissioner. He was a member 
of the Free and .Accepted Masons, of the New- 
ark Praying Band, for many years also of the 
Central Presbyterian Church, and towards the 
end of his life of the Third Presb\terian 
Church. 

August I, 1843, Samuel Crane married 
Naomi, eldest daughter of Jacob and Catha- 
rine (Drake) Williamson, born January 25, 
1825, died January 25, 1904. Children: i. 
(lertrude. born November 16. 1844: married, 



13ecember 31. 1859, Charles .\. Rogers, and 
has two children, Eva, born July 3. 1 861, wife 
of George E. Chandler, and \\'alter, born Feb- 
ruary 18, 1864. 2. Linden C, referred to 
below. 3. Elvin, born January 10, 1850, died 
June 19, 1853. 4. Elvin Williamson, referred 
to below. 5. Frances C, born November 9, 
1856; married. May 17, 1876, Samuel H. John- 
son and has one child, Edna F., born October 
10, 1881. 6. Laura A., born February 20, i860. 
7. Samuel, born in 1863, died in infancy. 8. 
Lillian B., born November 7, 1865 : married, 
December 18, 1890, Alfred L. Peer, born Sep- 
tember 30, 1859 : no children. 

(\TII) Linden C, second child and eldest 
son of Samuel and Naomi (Williamson) 
Crane, was born in Newark, November 13, 
1847. anfl is still living in that city. He re- 
ceived a public school education and then went 
into business, where he has continued ever 
since. He is a Democrat and has been for a 
long time a member of the fire department. 
January 10, 1869, Linden C. Crane married 
"Elizabeth Lydecker, born April 12, 1848, died 
October 15, 1895. They have had three chil- 
dren: I. Estella. born 1869. died .-\ugust 12, 
1881. 2. Flora B., born December 22, 1873; 
married. February 4. 1891. S. Walton Free- 
man, no children. 3. .Ada M., born July 14. 
1877: married, in 1900, Henry Jacobus; one 
child. Louise, born March 22, 1901. 

(MID Elvin Williamson, fourth child and 
third son of Samuel and Naomi (W^ilhamson) 
Crane, was born in Brooklyn, October 20, 
1853. flisfl i" Newark, January 9. 1909. Both 
on his father's and his mother's side he traces 
his ancestry back to the early colonial times, 
for his mother was a granddaughter of tjeneral 
James Williamson, of the war of 1812, also of 
General Imla Drake, same war. His father 
moved to Newark while Elvin W. was quite 
young, and he received his early education ai 
the Newark public schools and later at St. 
Paul's school, at that time in the charge of the 
Rev. Joseph Smith. .Soon after leaving school 
he entered the law ofiice of the Hon. Joseph 
P. Bradley and G. N. Abeel, and at once 
evinced a fondness for everything pertaining 
to the legal profession, even as a boy displaying 
executive ability, systematizing the routine 
business of the office and soon becoming most 
useful to his employers, with whom he remain- 
ed until the firm was dissolved. When Mr. 
Bradley was appointed to a seat upon the bench 
of the supreme court of the United States, Mr. 
Crane remained with Mr. Abeel, and when the 
latter received the appointment of prosecutor 



38 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



of the pleas for Essex county, Mr. Crane con- 
tinued with him and subsequently became his 
assistant, a position which he occupied for 
eight years, doing most of the pleading and 
trying the causes before the court of special 
sessions. Colonel Abeel having been succeeded 
in office by the Hon. Oscar Keen. Mr. Crane 
continued to fill the place of assistant prose- 
cutor during the last named gentleman's incum- 
bency. 

l']K)n the expiration of Mr. Keen's term of 
office in 1888, Governor Greene appointed Air. 
Crane his successor as prosecutor, a position he 
was probably better equip])ed for than any 
other member of the bar in the state. The abil- 
ity which he displayed in the management of 
his cases, the painstaking way in which he con- 
ducted his trials, and his integrity, combined 
with his fairness and undoubted honesty of 
purpose in all things, brought him the esteem 
and confidence of the community, and earned 
for him the popular approval of a large num- 
ber of the citizens of the state. When his term 
expired, there was practically no opposition to 
his reappointment which was given to him by 
(jovernor Werts for a second term of five 
years. During his terms of office Mr. Crane 
successfully prosecuted many of the most 
important criminal cases that have ever been 
brought to trial in the state of New Jersey. 
<nniong them being the Emma Wood, the "Fid- 
dler" .Smith, and the Henry Kohl cases. 

In October, i88i, Mr. Crane became a trus- 
tee of the Newark City Home, and served for 
several years. For more than thirty years he 
was very active in the councils of the Demo- 
cratic party of the state, and gave much of his 
time and ability to the advancement of the 
cause of that great political ])arty. For a 
time he was chairman of the Democratic city 
central committee, and in 1887 was elected a 
member of the New Jersey legislature. In 
i8(>S his ])arty selected him as the candidate 
for governor of the state, but after a vigorous 
campaign he was defeated by less than si.x 
thousand votes. In every office he has served 
with credit, fidelity and distinction. In De- 
cember, 1906, he was chosen for the ])ositi()n 
of county counsel. He was a member of the 
Masonic fraternity and also of the I'.enevolent 
Protective Order of FJks. 

July 9. 1879, Elvin Williamson Crane mar- 
ried Emma }.. youngest daughter of Jacob and 
Mary (Masterson) Esch, born Se])tember 24, 
1856, who survives both her husband and chil- 
dren. Mrs. Crane's father, Jacob E.sch, was a 
native of .•\lsace, who came to New York. 



where he married and had ten children, besides 
Mrs. Crane. Sarah Louisa, wife of Paul J. 
White: Mary .\.. wife of Charles E. Sage; 
.\delaide F., wife of William .S. \liet: I-"retl- 
erick W.. married Charlotte Randolph; Josej)h 
L. ; \\ illiam \ ., married Dora Taylor ; Kate 
M.; Lucie W. ; George F. The children of 
Elvin Williamson and Emma J. (Esch) Crane 
were: i. Elvin Williamson Jr.. born Novem- 
ber 28, 1884, tiled January 4, 1885. 2. Harold 
\\ illiamson, born April 2. 1886. died October 
[S. 1892. 3. Elvin Masterson, born .\ugust 
1(1. 1890. died May 4. 1897. 



(For early K>'ieratiun.s see preceding .sketch). 

( I\' ) William Crane, son of 
CR.Wl". Major Nathaniel Crane, has left 
no record of the dates of his 
])irth and death, but he resided for many 
years at Cranetown, or West Bloomfield. now 
Montclair, and in many ways was quite a 
prominent man. In 1748 he subscribed eight 
shillings towards the building fund of the 
jmrsonage at Orange, and eleven pounds 
towards the building fund of the second meet- 
ing house in 1753; and with Samuel Harrison, 
.'-^amuel Freeman. Joseph Harrison, Stephen 
Dod, David Williams. Samuel Condit. and 
Joseph Riggs, he was one of "those of the 
parish regularly chosen to manage the affair of 
the building." of the latter edifice. He was 
also one of the "Members in commvmion of 
the ..lountain Society prior to 1756." noted in 
the journal of the Rev. Caleb Smith. From 
1753 to 1736, inclusive, he was overseer of the 
poor: from 1760 to 1764 he was overseer of 
the highways; in 1767 he was one of the 
chosen freeholders of the town. It is probable 
that he luay have inherited property in Crane- 
tnwn frcim his father, and also possible that 
he succeeded to the home estate, but of this 
there is insufficient evidence for certainty. The 
notable Crane mansion, however, which was 
undoubtedly occupied either by him or his 
family during the war of the revolution, and 
which is still standing at the junction of the 
X'alley Road with Clairmont avenue. Orange, 
was his home, and was occupied for about 
three weeks by (General Washington as his 
head(|uarters. General Lafayette being with 
him at the time. .After the battle of Spring- 
field in June. 1780. when the troops returned 
from the Hudson, Washington, who had ex- 
pressed himself as greatly pleased with the 
conduct of the troops from the lUoomfield 
region, placed his main encampment at Totowa. 
near I'aterson. Colonel Maryland's regiment 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



39 



was stationed near Little P'alls and Major 
Paul's rifle corps in a ravine near the Great 
Notch, where he was ordered to watch the 
roads through the Notch into this region and 
into Acquackononck and to guard against sur- 
prises. Lafayette's headquarters were at Gaf- 
fel, near Centreville. In October the light 
infantry was ordered to a new position the 
better to watch the Notch and the Cranetown 
Gap. Washington, with a detachment, was 
scouring the country on his blooded Virginia 
horses, looking after the stragglers, and cor- 
recting the mutinous tendencies of his wretched 
soldiers. His favorite lookout point was, it is 
said, the bold hill on the east side of the 
Notch ; and from here he once detected a raid- 
ing party of British sallying from Elizabeth- 
town to the mountains. The army here was 
in that deplorable condition which led, in 1781, 
to the mutiny of the Pennsylvania troops at 
Pompton. From October 7 to November 27, 
1780, Washington's detachment extended 
along the road and mountain southward from 
the Crane homestead, and the storv, as related 
by the Rev. Oliver Crane, D. D.,' LL. D.. is 
that one day General Washington arrived at 
the house and found Mrs. Crane quite dis- 
turbed because there was no tea in the caddy. 
Starting to offer an apology to the commander- 
in-chief for the lack of what might seem to him 
an important feature of his repast, she met 
with the response, "Never mind so small a 
thing as that, my dear madam, please have a 
crust of bread toasted., and use that to make 
the tea. It will be quite good enough for me." 
Later on in the evening, when bedtime came, 
the liiwer back room, which had been used as 
a dining ronm. was selected by the two gen- 
erals for their own use, and it was then dis- 
covered that there was a deficiency of beds; 
whereupon General Washington is reported to 
have remarked, '■.\ soldier's bed is often time-- 
only a blanket and a board, but there is plenty 
of straw in the barn, is there not?" William 
Crane, who at the time the above related inci- 
dents were taking place, was with four if not 
live of his sons serving in the Continental 
army. lie was twice married, (first) to a }iliss 
Wheeler, of Newark, and (second) to a lady 
named Mercy or Mary. It is this second wife 
who was the hostess of Generals Washington 
and Lafayette. Which of \\'illiam's wives 
was the mother of his children is still a matter 
of uncertainty, but by one or both of them he 
had eleven children. 

I. Rachel, married Simeon lialdwin, sctn of 



David, son of P>enjamin Baldwin and Eunice, 
daughter of Daniel Dodd. 

2. Hannah, married her cousin. Major Na- 
thaniel Crane, sixth child of Noah and Mary 
( lialdwin ) Crane. Hannah Crane's father- 
in-law was also her uncle. 

3. Matthias, born September 12. 1743. died 
September 14, 1786: married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Job and Abigail (Dodd) Crane. Abi- 
gail (Dodd) Crane was the daughter of John 
and Elizabeth ( Lampson ). Dodd, granddaugh- 
ter of Daniel and Phebe ( Brown ).Dod, and 
great-granddaughter of Daniel and Mary Dod, 
the emigrants. Job Crane was the son of 
.Azariah and Rebecca Crane, grandson of 
Deacon .Azariah and Mary (Treat) Crane, and 
great-grandson of Jasper and .Alice Crane, the 
emigrants. Matthias and Elizabeth (Crane) 
Crane had two children : Israel, married Fanny 
Pierson ; and Abigail, married Hugh Holmes. 

4. Jonathan, died according to one record, 
.August I, 1801, and according to another, in 
Caldwell, New Jersey, in 1805. He married 
Mary Ward, who (lied November 4, 1820, 
leaving three children: .\bijah. L'zeal and 
Timothy. 

3. Jonas, referred to below. 

6. Sarah, born in 1755, died in 1825 : married 
-Stephen Fordham. 

7. James, died unmarried. 

8. Zadoc. born in 1758, died in 1841. He 
married but had no children. "General Wash- 
ington had an old gray horse, almost as well 
known as its rider. Zadoc took care of it 
while the General was at Cranetown, enter- 
tained by his mother. The oats fed to the 
horse were kept concealed under a stack of 
hay, and every time Zadoc got a mess from 
under it he replaced the hay nicely and care- 
fully picked up every scattered straw for fear 
the Firitish might discover them. One day the 
alarm came that the British were about to 
make an attack on the .American lines ; and 
Washington called for volunteers to act as 
couriers to warn the minute-men living beyond 
the first and second mountains. Zadoc, who 
had remained at heme because he had been 
lame from a boy, oflfered to go, as his short 
leg did not prevent his riding. Mounted on 
his own horse with a heavy cutlass for his only 
weapon, just as the sun was disappearing be- 
hind the mountains, under special orders from 
General \\'ashington he set out, riding through 
the night, calling at every house and routing 
out the inmates from their slumbers. .As the 
gray of the morning began to show itself, he 



40 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



was marching his men toward the Crane man- 
sion, and just at daybreak drew up his squad 
in front of the doorstep, where stood the Gen- . 
eral. "W'ell done, my man," was the latter's 
greeting. "Xow come in and take a liorn of 
wliiskey. for you must need it." 

9. William Jr.. born 1759. died Xoveniber 
16, 1832: was a lieutenant and captain in the 
revolution and in the war of 1812: married 
Lydia. daughter of Joshua Baldwin. Their 
eleven children were : Henry. Elisha, and an- 
other, name unknown, all three of whom died 
young ; Hannah ; Sarah ; Josiah W. ; William ; 
Mary, became the second wife of Joseph, son 
of Joseph and Phebe (Durand) Harrison, 
whose half-sister Abigail, daughter of Joseph 
and Rhoda (Freeman) Harrison, married 
P.ethuel Crane, first cousin of Mary (Crane) 
Harrison (see Bethuel below) ; Lucy, wife of 
Lewis Pierson ; Joshua: Prudence, wife of 
Z. Baldwin. 10. Oliver, born 1759, died Au- 
gust 31, 1817; was in the war of 1812; married 
Susanna, daughter of David Baldwin, of 
Bloomfield. and had eight children : Sarah, 
Lydia. .Stephen Fordham. Rachel. Amos, 
Zophar lialdwin. Nathaniel Marcus and Isaac 
Wheeler. 

II. Amos, baptized by the Rev. Je<lediah 
Chapman. March 6, 1768. 

(V) Jonas, fifth child and third son of Will- 
iam Crane, was born in 1730. died in Caldwell. 
Xew Jersey. October 17. 1806. The name of 
his wife is unknown, but she bore him eight 
children, four boys and four girls, namely: 
I. .-\nios. married and had a child George. 2. 
William. 3. Calvin .Smith, born January 20, 
1795. died March 4. 1837: married (first) May 
10. 1818. Xancy. daughter of Samuel Day. of 
Xew York, born February 15. 1793. died Jan- 
uary 9. 1827, having borne her husband three 
children: Stephen Munson. I'hebe .Ann and 
\'an Zant. Calvin Smith Crane married (sec- 
ond) Julia .\ngelina. daughter of Xathaniel 
Douglas, (in April 2. i82(>; she was born at 
Pompton. Xew Jersey. 1800, died in Caldwell. 
January 22. 1835. leaving two children. Delia 
and Walworth Douglass : Calvin Smith Crane 
married (third) October 17. 1836. Mary, 
daughter (if Jdhn llii-r. who died .March 4. 
1887, having borne her husband one child. 
Catharine .\ugusta. 4. Bethuel. referred to 
below. The four daughters of Jonas Crane 
were: Lj'dia. Rachel. Phebe and Abigail. 

(VI) Bethuel. fourth son of Jonas Crane, 
was born in 1780, died in West Orange. .Au- 
gust 26. 1854. Tie married Abigail, sixth 
cliild and second dauEjhter of Toseiih Harrison 



of Livingston, New Jersey, by his first wife 
Rhoda, daughter of Abel Freeman, grand- 
daughter of Samuel and Mary (Lindsley) 
Freeman, great-granddaughter of Samuel and 
Elizabeth ( Brown ) Freeman, and great-great- 
granddaughter of Ste]}hen Freeman, the emi- 
grant, and Hannah, daughter of Captain .\st- 
wiKiil. Joseph, the father of Abigail Harri- 
s(in, was married three times, his second wife 
being Phebe Durand, and his third Polly or 
Mary (Kirk) Van Emburg. the last of whom 
bore him no children. By his first wife 
Joseph Harrison had eight children : Demas. 
Tamer. Rufus. Jared, Samuel, .Abigail. Joanna 
and Jared Freeman; by his second wife four 
more children : Joseph, married Charlotte 
(lOuld, Mary, daughter of W'illiam Crane Jr., 
and Betsey Blinn : Rhoda, Harvey and Phebe. 
Joseph Harrison himself was the son of Joseph 
Harrison and either Martha, daughter of 
Jonathan Sergeant, or Mary, daughter of 
Micah Tompkins Jr., granrlson of Joseph I-Iar- 
rison and Dorcas, daughter of Sergeant John 
W'ard. of Xewark. great-grandson of Sergeant 
Richard Harrison, and great-great-grandson of 
Richard Harrison, the emigrant from W'est 
Kirby. Cheshire. England, to New Haven and 
Branford. The children of Bethuel and Abi- 
gail (Harrison) Crane were: Aaron Dodd. re- 
ferred to below : Jonas Smith ; Rachel : Louisa : 
Phebe Harrison : Abigail Ann and Harriet. 
Rachel married Stephen C. Aloore. a merchant 
of Caldwell, Xew Jersey; Harriet, married and 
had children; .Abigail .Ami. b(irn about 1829. 
died in 1852. 

(ATI) Aaron Dodd, eldest son of Bethuel 
and .Abigail (Harrison) Crane, lived at Dodd- 
town. in the Oranges. He married Sarah A. 
Camjib'^il. and had five children: i. Maria, 
married Milton Ilulme. 2. Moses Griffin. 3. 
.\tigustiis .Smith, referred to below. 4, Mat- 
thew Henderson. 5. Louisa, married (first) 
Jchii Kendrick and (second) .Alpheus Meade. 

(\'1II) .Augustus Smith, third child and 
second son of .Aaron Dodd and Sarah .A. 
( Campbell ) Crane, was born in Newark. Xew 
jersey. December 31, 1834. and is now living 
in that city. I'or his early education he at- 
tended the CDUimon schools of the town and 
later on was sent to the famous schoul kept 
by Dr. Xatlian Hedges. .After leaving school, 
he was apprenticed to Durand & Company, the 
jewelers, and after completing his term of ap- 
prenticeship started in for himself as a manu- 
facturing jeweler, making a specialty of 
braided wire bracelets. Mr. Crane is a Re- 
i)ublican. but has held no office. For vears 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



41 



he sang in the choirs of (Hfferent cluirches in 
Newark and elsewhere. 

May I, 1862, Augustus Smith Crane mar- 
ried Henrietta, eldest child of William S. and 
Harriet Speer Palmer, her only brother being 
i'Vederick .\ugustus Palmer, granddaughter of 
Jacob, and Tdandina ( Hedenburg) Speer, and 
of A jail and Sarah (Flewelling) Palmer, and 
great-granddaughter of Samuel and Sarah 
(Pierce) Palmer. Children of Augustus 
Smith and Henrietta (Palmer) Crane are :i. 
Frederick Palmer, referred to below. 2. 
Helen Speer. 3. Henrietta Eouise. 4. Mabel 
Maria, died at the age of three years. 5. 
Elizabeth King. 6. Palmer Griffin, referred 
to below. 7. Anna Augusta, born October 17. 
1876; married, January it, 1905, Clarenci- 
Edgar Beers, D. D. S. 

(IX) Frederick Palmer, eldest child and 
son of Augustus Smith and Henrietta (Pal- 
mer) Crane, was born in Newark, New Jersey, 
October 11. 1863, and is now living with his 
family in that city. For his early education 
he was sent to the public schools of the town 
and then to a private school, after leaving 
which he entered the Newark high school, 
from which he graduated in 1878. He then 
entered the wholesale jewelry trade, becoming 
a clerk in New York City, w here he remained 
for the next fourteen years, rising to the po- 
sition of salesman. In 1892 he gave up his 
position with the jewelry firm and took up the 
insurance business, in which he continued for 
two years, when he acce]3ted the position of 
credit manager for the firm of Whitehead & 
Hoag. of which he is now assistant treasurer. 
Mr. Crane is a Rejiublican. His secret socie- 
ties are the K. O. T. M. and the Modern 
Woodmen. In religion he is a Methodist. 

.August 4, 1888. Frederick Palmer Crane 
was married in Newark, New Jersey, to Phebe 
Caroline, eighth child and fourth daughter of 
John Henry and Matilda Ann ( De \'ausney) 
Mackey. 

( IX ) Palmer Griffin, seventh and youngest 
child of Augustus Smith and Henrietta (Pal- 
mer) Crane, was born in Newark. New Jersey. 
December 19. 1874. and is now living in thai 
city with his family. After receiving his early 
education from the public and high schools of 
Newark, he took a commercial course in one 
of the business colleges, and then entered the 
employ of the hardware dealers, Hainski & 
Tucker, with whom he" remained for eight 
years. Then he accepted a similar position 
with Roe & Conover. with whom he remained 
for nine years rhore. when he resigned and 



went into business with Sidney J. Milligan. 
under the name of Crane & Milligan. dealing 
in hardware and mill supplies, pipes and fit- 
tings, etc.. where he has been since 1906. Mr. 
Crane is a Republican. He is a member of 
tlie Royal Arcanum of Newark, and attends 
the Methodist church. His present address is 
133 Mil ford avenue, near Bigelow street. 

February 24. 1906. Palmer Griffin Crane 
was was married in Newark to Anna Carbury, 
eighth child and fifth daughter of Robert 
Howen and lane, daughter of Adam and Mary 
Clarke. 



(For preceiling generations see Jasper Crane 1). 

(\11) Henry Conkling Crane. 

CR.XXE thiril child and second son of 
the Rev. Noah and Bethia T. 
(Conkling) Crane, was born May 24, 1816, 
died March 20. 1858. He married Janu- 
ary 16. 1838. Cornelia Hurd. born July 5, 
1819: children: 1. Emma S.. born March 9, 
1840; married, July 5, 1859, William A. 
Gregory and had two children: William H. 
and Frederick .A. Gregory, the last of whom 
died in infancy. 2. .Amelia J., born June 5. 
1842, died January 30, 1907 ; married. March 
13. 1866. Robert Law and had one child. 
Daisy. 3. Cornelia E., born September 3, 
1844: married, February 27. 1862. S. Herndon 
Yates and had one child. Frederick G.. who 
died in infancy. 4. Charles Henry, referred 
to below. 

(X'lHl Charles Henry, youngest child and 
son of Henry Conkling and Cornelia (Hurd) 
Crane, was born in Brooklyn, New York, No- 
vember 6, 1856, and is now living at 399 Mount 
Prospect avenue. Newark. New Jer.sey. For 
his early education he was sent to the public 
schools of Newark, and after leaving them he 
entered the employ of William B. Guild in 
whose (jffice he remained for three months, and 
then took a position in the office of the Nezt'- 
ark Daily Advertiser, which he retained for 
one year, giving it up in August. 1873. in order 
to enter the jewelry trade. After learning the 
business with the firm of Field & Company, up 
to 1877, he worked in various shops for seven 
years, and May 14. 1884. left them and started 
in for himself in partnership with Mr. Stro- 
bell as jewelry specialist in rings, lockets, 
bracelets, fobs and bangles. Mr. Crane is a 
Republican. He is a member of several clubs 
among them being the Jewelers' Club of New 
York. ■ He is also a member of the New York 
Board of Trade, and of the Board of Trade in 
Newark, in which latter body he has served 



42 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



on several committees, in particular, the com- 
mittee on municipal affairs. For many years 
he has been an attendant at the Park Presby- 
terian Church of Newark and was appointed 
on the board of trustees as the successor of the 
Hon. F. J. Swazey. 

October 6, 1879, Charles Henry Crane mar- 
ried in East Orange, Anna V'oorhies, the eldest 
daughter of John B. and Caroline (Van 
Duyne ) Wilson, who has borne him two chil- 
dren, Edward Sidney, born September 20, 
1880; and Albert Ernest, January 20, 1885. 
Mrs. Crane was born in Newark, New Jersey, 
June 21, 1856. 

James McCosh, D. D., LL. D., 
McCOSH LITT. D., the eleventh jiresi- 
dent of the College of' New Jer- 
sey, now Princeton University, belonged to 
an old and highly respected family in Ayrshire, 
Scotland, whose earliest recorded ancestor, 
Jasper McCosh. died at Straiten in Ayrshire, 
in 1727. and is buried there. A descendant in 
the third generation from Jasper McCosh was 
.Andrew, who married Jean, daughter of James 
Carson, a large farmer on Loch Doon, and died 
on his estate at Carskeoch, July 9, 1820. This 
l^rojierty is situated on the Doon in Ayrshire, 
about twelve miles from Ayr. Andrew and 
Jean ( Carson ) McCosh had six daughters and 
one son, James, born April i, 181 1. 

James ^IcCosh studied at the I'niversity of 
(Ilasgow, continued his theological education 
at Ivlinburgb. was licensed to preach in 18^4, 
and in tlie billowing year accepted his first 
charge at .Arbroath, removing to P.rcchin in 
1838. where until 1843 he was minister of the 
established church. On the Disruption, he re- 
signed his charge, formed a Free Church con- 
gregation and labored thus until 1851, when 
he was a])pointed ])rofessor of Logic and Meta- 
physics at Queen's College, Belfast. It was 
from this chair that he was called to the i)resi- 
dency of Princeton in 1868. ]'"or twenty years 
he occupied the latter ]iosition, galvanizing and 
remodeling the entire institution until in 1888, 
when he resigned, he had placed the college on 
a ['niversity basis. He died at Princeton, No- 
vember 16, 1894. 

;\t the age of thirteen he bad been sent to 
Glasgow, where after a year in a preparatory 
class be entered the Pfniversity in 1825. Four 
years later, attracted bv the reputation of 
Thomas Chalmers and David Welsh in the- 
ology and of Sir William TTamilton in Pliilos- 
onby, he left Glasgow and entered Edinburgh 
University, joining the crowd of eager students 



under these professors. He completed his ac- 
ademic education at Edinburgh, and in 1834 
presented a dissertation on "Stoic Philosophy" 
for which he was granted the Master of Arts 
degree. Lincensed that spring, he preached 
wherever opportunity offered. Then for a 
while he acted as tutor in the family of a Mr. 
(iraliam, of Meiklewood, near Stirling. At 
the end of 1835 he was called to his first regu- 
lar pastorate at the .Abbey Chapel of .Arbroath 
in Forfarshire. Two years later he declined 
a call to the pulpit of the historic Old Grey- 
friars at Edinburgh, and had the pleasure of 
urging for the place a close friend, the Rev. 
Thomas Guthrie, who accepted the call and 
w^on for himself a fine reputation in that 
church. In 1838 young McCosh accepted an 
apj5ointment to Brechin, an old cathedral town 
near Arbroath, and here he labored until the 
Disruption took place. In this movement Mc- 
Cosh and Guthrie had leading parts, forming 
as it were a neucleus oi ministers who dis- 
cussed the dangers that threatened the Scot- 
tish church through appointment of ministers 
by the Crown, regardless of the (preferences 
of congregations, an unavoidable development 
of the patronage system. A little pamphlet 
l)ublished bv Dr. AlcCosh at Brechin late in 
184^ or early in 1844, entitled "Recollections 
of the Disruption in Brechin," and printed for 
private circidation, shows the successive steps 
nf the movement and clearly outlines his atti- 
tude. In 1843, when Disruption from the Es- 
tablished Church became inevitable, he sur- 
rtndered his living at Brechin ; but his work 
hail won for him so large a following that he 
was able to form a Free congregation without 
delav and here he continued therefore in pas- 
toral work. His labors, however, were not 
confined to his own parish, for he spent much 
time organizing I'Vee churches elsewhere, rais- 
ing funds for their support, and securing pas- 
tors for their pulpits. For five years longer 
he remained at Brechin, by which time the 
Free Church seemed to be on a firm basis and 
he was able to turn his attention to authorship. 
In iSco be published his first important 
work "The Alethod of Divine Government, 
Physical and Aloral." It met with the instant 
anoroval of Sir William Hamilton and Hugh 
Miller, at that time two leading thinkers of 
Scotland, and it was everywhere favorably re- 
ceived. The German "Zcitschrift fiir Philos- 
ophic." for instance, was outspoken in its 
praise, remarking that it was distrnguished 
from other works of similar nature by being 
based on a thorough study of Physical Science 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



43 



and an accurate knowledge of its present con- 
dition, together with a deeper and more un- 
fettered discussion of the psychological, ethical 
and theological questions involved, than any 
work up to that time published. The first 
edition was exhausted in six months, and dur- 
ing the next forty years the book passed 
through twenty editions, and is still sought 
after. 

To this huok it is said Dr. McCosh in a 
measure owed his call to the chair of Logic 
and Metaphysics in Queen's College, Belfast, 
a branch of the newly founded Queen's Uni- 
versity of Ireland, the Earl of Clarendon, Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland and Regent of the Uni- 
versity, becoming so absorbed in its perusal 
one Sunday morning that he forgot to go to 
church. The call to Belfast followed shortly 
after, and there in January, 1852, Dr. Mc- 
Cosh began his lectures. 

He instantly won popularity with his stu- 
dents as a stimulating lecturer and a keen 
judge of human nature. His introductory lec- 
ture "On the Method in which Metaphysics 
should be prosecuted" showed that he was 
neither content with Scottish philosophical 
methods nor intended to lead his classes along 
quite the traditional lines. In the main he fol- 
lowed experimental methods in his lectures on 
Psychology and Metaphysics, while in Logic he 
recast the elements. He laid special emphasis 
on the written work of his students, and took 
great delight in examining their aptitudes and 
characters. Several of his pupils fulfilled his 
prophecy of eminence. 

Side by side with his professional duties he 
was active in evangelical work. He not only 
■organized a school in the slum district of Bel- 
fast, which grew to have six hundred pupils, 
but in another neglected portion of the city he 
formed a congregation from the people whom 
he found to be without a pastor, and when the 
time was ripe he secured a minister and con- 
trived the erection of a church. He organized 
a club house for temperate working men to 
offset the social attractiveness of the saloon. 
He aided to found the Ministerial Support 
Fund of the Irish Presbvterian Church. His 
arguments against establishment and state en- 
dowment largely influenced Mr. Gladstone in 
disestablishing the Irish Church. He advo- 
cated the abolition of the Regum Donum, or 
government addition to clerical stipends, and 
in his essay on the "Duty of Irish Presbyteri- 
ans to their church at the present crisis in the 
snstentation of the Gospel Ministry" (Belfast, 
1868) afforded much needed guidance to 



troubled Irish Presbyterians. Meanwhile he 
was reading widely and observing keenly, as 
is shown in his address "The present Tendency 
of Religious Thought throughout the three 
Kingdoms" read before the British Organiza- 
tion of the Evangelical Alliance in July, 1864. 
He served also as examiner for Queen's Uni- 
versity, Ireland, for the Indian Civil service, 
and for the Fergiisson scholarships. He 
strongly advocated a system of intermediate 
schools for Ireland, and supported the cause 
of national elementary schools as one method 
to break down the narrow class exclusiveness 
so prevalent in Ireland. In 1834 he published 
a series of letters to the Lord Lieutenant on 
"The Necessity for an Intermediate System of 
Education between the National Schools and 
the Colleges of Ireland." In 1867 he brought 
the question up again when, at the Belfast 
meeting of the National Association for the 
promotion of Social Science, he read a paper 
on "The Present State of the Intermediate 
Education Question in Ireland." It is clear 
that he touched on many of the great causes 
of the day. and it has been remarked, not 
without truth, that he earned distinction in 
winning the friendship and praise, in calling 
on himself the antagonistic criticism, of men 
like Chalmers, Guthrie, Hugh Miller, Sir Will- 
iam Hamilton, Gladstone, Huxley. Thackeray, 
Ruskin. and John Stuart Mill. 

While at Belfast he continued his literary 
work by publishing, in 1855, his "Typical 
Forms and Special Ends in Creation" (with 
Professor George Dickie) which went into sev- 
eral editions: in i860 his "Intuitions of the 
Mind," also several times republished : iti 1862 
his ".Supernatural in Relation to the Natural," 
published simultaneously in Cambridge, Bel- 
fast and New York; and in 1866 his "Exam- 
ination of J. S. Mill's Philosophy." The first 
i>f this group of works is directly traceable to 
his genius for observation, which led to the 
discoverv that the venation in the leaves of 
a tree corresponds in general with the 
branches, a theory which is practically en- 
dorsed by all botanists to-day. In "Typical 
Forms and Special Ends in Creation," the au- 
thors expound the general order and design 
running through creation and illustrate the 
great principles of analogy in divine plans and 
works. This work, while ably presenting the 
results of profound scientific research in their 
higher relations, was overshadowed by the ap- 
pearance of Darwin's "Origin of Species." 
Dr. McCosh, however, was great enough to be 
able later to accept evolution provisionally, as 



44 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



will he shown when his philosophy is exam- 
ine!. On the appearance of his "Intuitions 
of the Mind" the Jahrbiichcr fur Dcutschcn 
fhcolngic gave an approving notice, and later 
especially recommended its moderation and 
clearness. The Lnndnn Quarterly Rcvia^' 
]5raised the same qualities, while the Prince- 
ton Rci'icw. representing orthodox Amer- 
ican Presbyterianism, pointed out that on all 
the great issues between Mill and Hamilton 
and their respective schools, as on nearly every 
issue between philosophical scejiticism and 
Christian philosophy. Dr. McCusli had taken 
the right attitude. 

In May, 1858, having already learned the 
Oyerman language, he sailed for Germany to 
spend five months examining Prussian schools 
and universities, and familiarizing himself with 
their methods and organization. He also at- 
tended the ])hilosophical lectures of Trendel- 
enburg and Michelet and met other leaders in 
German thought. He returned to his Belfast 
lecture room in September, 1858. In 1866, 
to rest from his ardous duties and his literary 
labors (he had just published his important 
"E^-amination of T. S. Mill's Philosophy"), he 
sailed for America. During the Civil War he 
had staunchly upheld the Union in the face of 
strong opposition. In .America he visited the 
principal cities and leading institutions and 
was received with distinction. His habit of 
keen observation .stood him in such good stead 
that, when in 1868 the trustees of Princeton 
extended to him a call to the presidency, he 
was well informed as to the condition of the 
country and the outlook for higher education. 

He came to Princeton at an opportune time. 
The Civil war liad just ended and the coiui- 
trv.nt Inrgr was beginning to turn its attention 
tn the (I(n-eln]iment not only of its natural, but 
also of its educational resources. Harvard, 
'S'alc and Columbia had just entered on new- 
eras of growth and Johns Honkins Tniversity 
was soon to be founded. Dr. McCosh was 
soon called to Princeton to bring it abreast of 
the times and to lay the university foundations 
it now enjoys and on which it is still building. 
The foretaste of future material growth 
hinted at in his Inaugural Address was not 
merely rhetorical. It was evident from the 
betdnnine that he had gra.sped the situation 
and would live up to the promise of his ad- 
dre.ss. During the twenty years of his presi- 
dency the campus was enlarged and beautified ; 
to the six buildings on that campus in t868 
fourteen were added by 1888: the faculty was 
increased from sixteen to forty-three, and the 



number of students from two hundred and 
sixty-four to six hundred and four ; the 
Princeton restricted elective system was intro- 
duced and courses leading to the degrees of 
P. S. and C. E., were added, together with 
graduate courses leading to the higher degrees ; 
the library was increased from 30,000 to 70,- 
000 and a library building, in its day one of the 
handsomest in the country, was erected : fellow- 
sliii)s were endowed and several special annua! 
prizes were fountled : alumni associations were 
organized to keep the graduates in touch with 
the institutions and with each other. Nearly 
.$3,000,000 came into the college treasury dur- 
ing the two decades : faculty espionage. Greek 
letter fraternities, class-room disorder, and 
most of the vicious hazing of earlier days, 
were done away with or suppressed. 

Dr. McCosh advocated the restricted elec- 
tive system in the college curriculum as op- 
tiosed to the free elective method introduced 
by President Eliot at Harvard. The latter ad- 
vocated his views before the Nineteentli Cen- 
tury Club of New York in February, 1885, and 
Dr. McCosh was invited to criticize them. His 
coniments were published in pamj)hlet form 
under the title "The New Departure in Col- 
lege Education." He favored freedom of 
elective studies under limitations, holding that 
certain fundamental studies should be compul- 
sory in any curriculum leading to the historic 
academic degrees of Bachelor and Master of 
Arts. Moreover he believed firmly that all 
education should have Christian foundation 
and he never let this point of view be lost. 
He constantly endeavored to develop the 
Christian element in college life, but as earn- 
estly avoif'ed anything like denominationalism 
in the college chapel. As a teacher he stands 
pre-i'mineut in American academic history 
with Woolsey, Alark Hopkins, and Wayland, 
as one who contrived by his earnestness, his 
enthusiasm and his knowledge, to spur the in- 
terest of his classes. He was prominent in all 
educational gatherings and his last public ap- 
pearance was as presiding officer at the Inter- 
nal Congress of Education held at Chicago, in 
Jv^x. 180"?, when his eminence as a teacher and 
philosopher made him the recipient of every 
mark of honor and distinction. 

I Ic believed in the parental theory of college 
trovernment and did not confine his theory to 
his un'lergraduates. He ruled and moulded 
his facidtv. He won the afifection of his stu- 
dents by his strong personality, his dry humor, 
his shrewdness, his perfect understanding of 
them, and his favor of g\minastics and ath 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY, 



45 



letics. And in his personal relations with 
them he was wonderfully aided by his wife 
whose gentle solicitude for, and motherly in- 
terest in, any that were sick or in need of care 
made her the sharer in the affection that he 
enjoyed. It was to perpetuate the memory 
of her goodness especially to undergraduates 
that the Isabella AlcCosh Infirmary was 
erected on the Princeton campus. 

Dr. McCosh was as prolific a writer after 
his advent to America as he had been in Bel- 
fast. Beginning with his striking Inaugural 
.'\ddress on "Academic Teaching in Europe," 
published in New York in 1869, he continued 
publication until the very year of his death. 
In 1870 he brought out a text book of formal 
logic. "The Laws of Discursive Thought," 
which was reissued in revised and enlarged 
editions at least three times during the ne.xt 
twenty years. In 1871 he delivered a series 
of lectures at Union Theological Seminary, 
New York, on natural theology and apologet- 
ics, which was published in New York and 
London in 1871, and again in 1875, under the 
title of "Christianity and Positivism." In 
1874 he issued his well known "Scottish Phi- 
losophy, biographical, expository, critical ; 
from Hutcheson to I-familton" being a history 
and critique of the school of thought of which 
he was the most brilliant living pupil. Of 
more ephemeral character were his essavs : 
"Ideas in Nature overlooked by Dr. Tyndall," 
being a searching examination of Tyndall's 
Belfast address (New York, 1875) ; his "De- 
velopment Hypothesis: is it Sufficient?" (New 
York, 1876), and his "Conflicts of the Age" 
(New York, 1881 ). In 1882 he began to issue 
a valuable "Philosophical Series" of eight 
small volumes discussing the leading philo- 
sophical questions of the day and setting forth 
his contention that while the old truths may 
have to be put in new form and their defense 
taken up on new lines yet they are as deeply 
founded as ever. This series was republished 
in two volumes in 1887. In 1886 he published 
his "Psychology : the Cognitive Powers," and 
in the following years its second part, "Psy- 
chology: the Motive Powers." In 1887 he de- 
livered the Bedell Lectures, publishing them 
in 1888 under the title "The Religious Aspect 
of Evolution," enlarging them in a new edition 
which was called for in i8go. In 1889 he 
issued his treatise on metaphysics "First and 
Fundamental Truths" and in the same vear he 
delivered a series of lectures before the Ohio 
\\'esleyan L^niversitv on "The Tests of various 
Kinds of Truth," being a treatise on applied 



logic, published in New York and Cincinnati 
in 1889. The following year he issued a small 
work "The Prevailing Types of Thought : can 
they reach Reality logically?" and in 1892 his 
brief volume on ethics "(3ur Moral Nature." 
In 1894 he published his last work, "Philoso- 
phy of Reality : should it be favored by Ameri- 
cans?" His belief contributions to purely 
American educational discussions were, not in- 
cluding his reply to President Eliot on the 
Elective System and several addresses at edu- 
cational conventions, his papers "Discipline in 
American Colleges" (North American Review, 
vol. 126, pp. 428-441), "Course of Study in 
the Academical Department of Princeton Col- 
lege" (Princeton Book 1879), "What an 
American University should be" (1885), "Re- 
ligion in College" (1886). 

.As a philosophical writer Dr. McCosh be- 
longs to the great school of traditional Scot- 
tish thought whose history he wrote. Here 
he stands next to his great teacher. Sir Will- 
iam Hamilton. During his lifetime his po- 
sition, as has been pointed out, suffered be- 
cause of the reaction against that school led by 
John Stuart Mill, and because of the evolu- 
tion movement begun by Darwin and led philo- 
sophically by Herbert Spencer. His emphatic 
and positive tone moreover, says Professor A. 
T. Ormond, his foremost pupil and his suc- 
cessor in the Princeton school of philosophy, 
had something to do with the mistaken tend- 
ency to undervalue his work. Much of this 
work was necessarily transitional, as for in- 
stance his attitude toward evolution itself. He 
may be said to have accepted evolution pro- 
visionally, that is, rejecting its atheistic and 
irreligious forms while adopting its scientific 
truth. His attitude is thus summed up : He 
maintained the possibility of conceiving evo- 
lution from the theistic basis as a feature of 
Divine government and this led him to take a 
hospitable view attitude toward the evolution 
idea at the same time that it enabled him to 
become its most formidable critic. It is be- 
lieved, however, that he has contributed ele- 
ments of value to the thought of the time as for 
instance his treatment of intuition by a more 
discriminating, keen and careful analysis than 
had hitherto been given to it. He was an 
ardent realist and had an almost virulent an- 
tipathy for idealism and the phenomenal the- 
ory. The progress of thought since his time 
would prevent an unqualified acceptance of his 
views at this day, but his basic realistic prin- 
ciple is one "which a very wide view school of 
thinkers have at heart." He had a genius for 



46 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



observation and an intense interest in human 
character which he cnUivated incessantly and 
turned to good account in his psychological 
work becoming in reality a pioneer in the sci- 
ence of physiological psychology. In the 
sphere of religious thought his work will be 
valued fur its union of philosophy and religion. 
Excepting his annual baccalaureates and a vol- 
ume of "(lospel Sermons" (New York. 1888), 
few of his sermons were given to the jjress. 

Dr. McCosh left an autobiography which 
has been expanfled and edited by Professor 
\\ illiam AJ. Sloane ("Life of James McCosh : 
.-\ Record Chiefly .Autobiographical," New 
York, i8q6) and which contains a very exten- 
sive list of Dr. AlcCosh's writings extending 
from 1833 to 1894 and numbering one hundred 
and seventy-four titles. 

He received the honorary degree of A. M. 
from Aberdeen in 1850, D. D. from Edin- 
burgh in 185 1 and from Brown and Wash- 
ington and Jefferson in 1868, LL. D. from 
Dublin in 1863 and from Harvard in 1868, and 
Eitt. D. from (Jueen's I'niversity in 1882. He 
was a Fellow of the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences and of the American Philo- 
sophical Society. 

Dr. McCosh married, September 20. 1845. 
Isabella, born April 30, 1817, daughter of 
.Alexander and Mary (Stirling) Guthrie. Al- 
exander (juthrie was the well known physician, 
and brother of Thomas Guthrie. Dr. Mc- 
Cosh's intimate friend. Five children were 
born of this marriage beside a son who died in 
infancy: Mary Jane, born July 7, 1846. mar- 
ried, June, 1881, Alexander Maitland. of New 
\ ork City. Alexander Guthrie, born January 
16, 1850, died October 30, 1881, at Princeton 
Margaret, born June 21. 1852, married Dr. 
David Magie. Andrew James, liorn March 
15. 1858, at IJelfast, a graduate of Prince- 
ton of the class of 1877, and now the bril- 
liant surgeon in .\'ew York. Mrs. McCosh 
is still residing in Princeton and continues 
active in her charity and iihilanthrojiy. 



John Maclean, D. D., LL. D., 
.M.\CLE.\N tenth i^resident of the Col- 
lege of New Jersey, now 
Princeton University, was the oldest son of 
Professor John Maclean. M. D.. and Phoebe 
Bainbridge. of Princeton. He was born 
March 3, 1800. and was prepared for college 
by his father and at the Princeton Academy. 
Entering college in 1813 he was graduated in 
1816. one of its youngest students. For a few 
months he taught at Lawrenceville. In 1818 



entering Princeton Theological Seminary he 
remained there two years. At the same time 
he had been appointed a tutor in Greek in the 
college, and had thus commenced his long 
career in connection with that institution. In 
1822 he was elected to fill the chair of Mathe- 
matics and Natural Philosophy; in 1823 he 
was made professor of Alathematics alone ; 
six years later he was transferred to the chair 
of Languages and in 1830 to that of Ancient 
Languages, and in 1847 h^ ■^^'^s made professor 
of the (ireek Language and Literature. He 
had been elected vice-president of the college 
in 1S29. and in 1854, on the resignation of 
I'resident Carnahan, he was made president, 
resigning in turn in 1868 to be succeeded by 
Dr. James McCosh. From 1868 he was a 
regent of the Smithsonian Institution. He was 
also president of the American Colonization 
Society. He received the honorary degree of 
D. D. from Washington and JetTerson in 1841, 
and the similar degree of LL. D. from the Uni- 
versity of the State of New York in 1854. He 
was a director of the Princeton Theological 
Seminary from 1861, and a member of the 
New Jersey State Board of Education. 
He died of old age on August 10. 1886. 
at Princeton, and is buried in the Princeton 
cemetery. He was unmarried. 

Dr. Maclean was ordained a minister by the 
Presbytery of New Brunswick in February, 
1828, and from that time, although he never 
held a formal pastoral charge, he was promi- 
nent in the affairs of the church. He was re- 
peatedly a member of the general assembly, 
taking active part in all matters pertaining to 
the constitution of the church, to education, to 
temperance and to the doctrinal discussions 
that led to the division of the church in 1837- 
1838. In order to ])romote a better under- 
standing between the parties at odds, and to 
defend the more important proceedings of the 
general assembly on the issues between the 
old and new school branches of the church, 
he wrote in 1837 for the Presbyterian a ser- 
ies of si.x exceptionally able letters, republished 
the following year in ])aniphlet form tmder the 
title ".'X Review of the Proceedings of the 
General Assembly at the Session of 1837." 
In 1838. as a representative of the Presbytery 
of New Brunswick, he was present at the as- 
sembly when the division in the church oc- 
curred, and was appointed to draw up a "Cir- 
cular Letter to the Foreign Evangelical 
Churches." on the issues involved. .Again in 
i8j3 and 1844 he was a member of the as- 
sembly when the important question of the 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



47 



office of ruling elder was settled, and his abil- 
ity in defence of the majority's view again 
led to his appointment as the official public 
spokesman in drawing up a reply to the mi- 
nority's dissent and protest. In 1844 't-' I'ub- 
lished under the title "Letters on the Elder 
Question" the thirteen communications which 
he had written on the question for the Frcs- 
bytcrian and which contain a clear summing 
up of the majority's position. 

His most pretentious literary work was a 
"History of the College of New Jersey" in two 
volumes, written after he had resigned from 
the presidency, and published in 1877, con- 
taining the history of the institution from the 
founding in 1746 to his inauguration in 1854. 
He left materials for the history of his own 
administration partly in the form of an auto- 
biography which has not yet been made public. 
Furthermore in 1876 he issued for private dis- 
tribution a memoir of his father, Frofessor 
Maclean, which was republished in a second 
edition in 1883. I" addition to these publica- 
tions he was the author of several essays and 
sermons which not only testify to his piety and 
orthodoxy and to his beautiful Christian char- 
acter, but reveal powers which lead to the be- 
lief that, had he not been so continuously 
overwhelmed with the petty duties of college 
administration during times more troublous 
than pleasant, and with other cares which a 
too generous disposition induced him to shoul- 
der, he might have produced writings of jier- 
manent and prime importance. 

P>eside his essays on the general assembly of 
1837 and on the elder (]uestion of 1844 one of 
his most remarkable productions was his reply 
in 1841 to two prize essays published in Eng- 
land and sanctioned by the National Temper- 
ance Society maintaining the duty of total 
abstinence on the grounds that the Scripture 
condemned all use of intoxicating drinks, and 
asserting that the wine used in instituting the 
Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was the un- 
fermented juice of the grape. Dr. Maclean's 
exhaustive and conclusive argument entitled 
"An examination of the Essays Bacchus and 
Aiiti Bacchus" originally published in the 
Princeton Review, and reprinted in pamphlet 
form (140 pages') in 1841, in opposition to 
this doctrine attracted much attention and se- 
cured for him a reputation for classical, bib- 
lical and patriotic scholarship. While not a 
total abstainer he approved cordially of tem- 
perance, but his mental and moral integrity 
could not allow him to confuse temperance 
with total abstinence nor to admit a jiosition 



in favor of the latter, when alleged to be based 
entirely on Scri]3ture and on the testimony of 
antiquity. He proves such a position to be 
utterly untenable. An interesting and valu- 
able piece of work was an article ]3ublished in 
the Presbyterian of (October, 1873, entitled 
"The Harmony of the Gospel Accounts of 
Christ's Resurrection," defending the cred- 
ibility of the various accounts of the Resur- 
rection on the basis of the mathematical The- 
ory of Probabilities. Two of his exegetical 
essays are "On the Words This Day have I 
begotten Thee" (Presbyterian for 1853) and 
"Some thoughts on I Corinthians xv, 35" 
{Presbyterian, 1886 1. Specimens of his ser- 
mon style may be found in his baccalaureates 
111 1857, 1858, 1859, in a "Sermon ])reached in 
the Chapel of the College of New Jersey" in 
1846, and a sermon on "Filial Piety" published 
in 1852 in Dr. John T. Duffield's "Princeton 
Pulpit." 

Reside his college work Dr. Maclean was 
engaged in manifold public enterprises, and 
no scheme of benevolence, educational advance, 
or public welfare failed to secure his earnest 
and active co-operation. Indeed, he had been 
called the "pastor at large" to the people of 
Princeton and its vicinity. He was largely in- 
strumental in securing for New Jersey its com- 
mon school system, having been one of its earl- 
iest and strongest advocates. As early as Jan- 
uary. 1828, he had delivered before the Liter- 
ary and Philosophical Society of New Jersey 
a "Lecture on a School System for New Jer- 
sey" which, published in 1829, aided consider- 
ably in [)romoting public interest in the ques- 
tion and had large influence in the establish- 
ment of the present system. He was secre- 
tary of the state board of education, and a 
life director and for a time president of the 
.Vmerican Colonization Society, an address of 
his on the objects of the Society being pub- 
lished in the fifty- fourth annual report of the 
Society. 

Elected a regent of the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution in 1868. he was one of its most faith- 
ful officers. When attending the meetings of 
the regent, which he did with scrupulous regu- 
larity, he was accustomed to make his home 
with Professor Joseph Henry, the secretary 
of the institution, whose intimacy he had en- 
joyed ever since the beginning of Henry's 
professorship at Princeton. 

Excepting the devastating period of the 
Revolution, the most critical era in the history 
of Princeton L^niversity occurred during the 
half centurv- that Dr. Maclean was connected 



48 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



with the institution and it was his energy, his 
contidcnce and jjersistence that alone kept the 
institution intact. There was a time when its 
condition was so low that it was seriously 
thought wiser to close the college and wait for 
better days. Happily Dr. Alaclean was able 
to combat successfully this feeling of utter 
discouragement on the part of his colleagues, 
(^wing to unfortunate mistakes in faculty dis- 
cipline, voted against the judgment of Presi- 
dent Carnahan and Dr. Maclean, the number 
of students had dwindled until in 1829 only sev- 
enty were on the rolls. Inasmuch as the college 
was almost entirely dependent on tuition re- 
ceipts to meet its current expenses this situa- 
tion was wellnigh paralyzing. Perceiving that 
strength in the faculty meant for the college 
increase of reputation, students and funds, Dr. 
Maclean set about securing the funds that en- 
abled Princeton to call men like Henry Veth- 
ake, Joseph Henry, John Torrey, Albert B. 
Dod and the Alexanders. The effect on the 
college was immediate. In 1832 there were 
one hundred and thirty-nine students; in 1839 
there were two hundred and seventy. Partly 
in recognition of his work and partly to give 
a wide authority to the executive ability which 
he had revealed as a subordinate, the trustees 
in 1829 had made him vice-president of the 
College. 

Dr. Maclean had been vice-president so long 
before he succeeded to the presidency that 
there was little change of administration when 
he assumed the latter office. It was expected 
that his term would be marked by striking de- 
velopment, but circumstances were to militate 
against him. Together with Professor Mat- 
thew P>. Hope he had devised a "Plan for the 
Partial Endowment of the College of New 
Jersey" (published in 1853). and arrangements 
had been made to put this plan into operation. 
P)Ut he had been in office scarcely a year when 
Xassau Hall, the chief building on the cani- 
])us, was destroyed by fire (1855). At great 
expense it was rebuilt and rearranged to be of 
greater usefulness. Two years later the finan- 
cial panic which seized the country necessitated 
the temporary abandonment of the plans for 
the increase of the endowment. Money was 
scarce during the following four years of busi- 
ness depression, and then in 1861 the Civil 
war broke out. The enrollment at this time 
was larger than it had been during Dr. Car- 
nahan's time, three htmdred and fourteen stu- 
dents being in residence, but as one third of 
them came from the South and immediately left 
for home on the opening of hostilities, the en- 



rt)llment in 1862 fell to two hundred and 
twenty-one. During the next five years the 
number remained almost stationary, and when 
Dr. Maclean resigned the presidency in 1868 
the college numbered only two hundred and 
si.\ty-four students. Remarkable progress 
had, however, been made during the fourteen 
years of his office. The endowment had 
grown from ^15,000 to .S250,ooo, while gifts 
amounting to another $200,000 had been made 
and the college library had gained 5,000 vol- 
umes. In view of the fact that at three dif- 
ferent previous periods efforts had been made 
to increase the endowment and had met with 
total failure. Dr. ]\Iaclean's success was aston- 
ishing, especially if the general financial con- 
dition of the country during his administration 
be borne in mind. At the end of the war a 
great change w^as coming over the country in 
regard to the rec|uirements of higher educa- 
tion, and the day of great gifts for such pur- 
poses was dawning. Dr. Maclean had spent 
liis life holding the institution together, teach- 
ing in practically all the departments at dif- 
ferent times, and sacrificing to the general 
good whatever ambitions he may have had to 
eminence in any one department ; he had seen 
the college successfully weather the storm of 
the Civil war and emerge on a new career of 
increased endowment and wider aiin. His 
strength, bow-ever, was exhausted, and he felt 
that a new hand shoukl hold the reins of gov- 
ernment. In 1868 therefore he resigned. A 
pension was granted him by the trustees and he 
lived in Princeton until his death in 1886. His 
last public appearance, at the annual Alumni 
Luncheon in June, 1886, the seventieth anni- 
versary of his graduation, was the occasion of 
a magnificent ovation. He was too feeble to 
respond for himself, and his words of greet- 
ing and farewell were read to the assembly 
by a friend and then he slowly withdrew. 
Two months later he died. 

Dr. Macleati's leading trait of character was 
his kindness. This was shown not alone in 
his deeds of philanthropy but also in his rela- 
tions with undergraduates as the officer of col- 
lege discipline. Some of his methods might 
seem now to belong to a bygone age ; but such 
modern developments as undergraduate self- 
government and the honor system were un- 
heard of in his day. and during the earlier 
years, especially of his connection with the 
college, its atmosphere was anything but aca- 
demic. He had the faculty of administering 
discijjline without alienating the culprit. He 
was the soul of sincerity and a remarkably 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



49 



keen judge of men, (lis individuality was 
strongly marked and his personal appearance 
striking — tall, muscular, with flowing hair, and 
clean shaven face and he usually wore a long 
cloak. It was not without reason that he was 
commonly said to be "the best loved man in 
.America." 



George Macintosh Maclean, 
M.ACLE.AX M. D.. Ph. D., deceased, who 

had achieved an enviable rep- 
utation in professional circles, is a descendant 
of an old Scotch family. The ancestry of this 
family can be traced back to Gillean, the 
founder of the clan in the thirteenth century. 

(I) Rev. Archibald Maclean, great-grand- 
father of George Alacintosh Maclean, was a 
minister of the parish of Kilfinichen, in Scot- 
land, which included the island of lona. He 
died March lo, 1755. 

(II) John ]\Iaclean, son of Rev. Archibald 
Maclean (i), was a surgeon by profession, 
both in civil and military service. He was 
present at the capture of the city of Quebec 
from the French, and was the third man who 
succeeded in scaling the famous Heights of 
.\braham, which were considered an invinci- 
ble barrier to the conquest of the city. Upon 
his retiremet from the army he devoted him- 
self to the practice of surgery in the city of 
Glasgow, Scotland, and resided there until his 
death. A short time before going w'ith the 
British army to Canada he married .Agnes 
Lang, of Glasgow\ April 28, 1756. 

(III) John Maclean. M. D., son of Dr. 
John (2) and Agnes (Lang) Maclean, was 
born in Glasgow, Scotland, March i, 1771. He 
was/very young when he lost both of his par- 
ents, but was fortunate in having for his guar- 
dian George Macintosh, Esq., a gentleman who 
took the greatest interest in his welfare. He 
w-as sent to the Glasgow Grammar School, 
then to the L'niversity, which he entered be- 
fore the age of thirteen years. Young Mac- 
lean was awarded a number of prizes and pre- 
miums in both of these institutions. He re- 
moved to Edinburgh to attend special lectures, 
and later prosecuted his studies in chemistry 
and surgery in Paris and London. He re- 
turned to his native city about 1790, and was 
regarded as having no superior in the depart- 
ment of chemistry in Scotland, and scarcely 
an equal in the New or French chemistry. He 
became a member of the Facultv of Physicians 
and Surgeons when he was in his twenty-first 
year and his diploma authorizing him to practice 
surgery and pharmacy is dated August i, 1791. 



Shortly after his arrival in this country, in 
the spring of 1795, Dr. Maclean settled in 
Princeton, New Jersey, and entered upon the 
jiractice of physic and surgery in connection 
with the leading physician of the place, Dr. 
Ebenezer Stockton. 

October ist, 1795, Dr. Maclean w-as chosen 
professor of chemistry and natural history. 
In April, 1797, he was appointed to the pro- 
fessorship of mathematics and natural philoso- 
phy in the college, and was thus obliged to re- 
sign his private practice. Dr. Maclean was 
the first professor of chemistry in a literary in- 
stitution in the L'nited States. He tendered 
his resignation to the college faculty in 1812, 
and shortly after accepted an invitation to the 
chair of natural philosophy and chemistry in 
the College of ^\'illiam and Mary, Williams- 
burg, \irginia. His death occurred Febru- 
ary 17. 1 8 14. His grave is in Princeton ceme- 
tery contiguous to those of the college presi- 
dents and professors. As a gentleman, scholar 
and teacher. Dr. Maclean held an eminent po- 
sition among his contem]U)raries. In teach- 
ing, his aim was to make his pupils perfectly 
familiar with what they professed to study, 
rather than to impart to them a smattering of a 
great variety of knowledge. 

Dr. ^laclean married, November 7, 1798, 
Phoebe Rainbridge, eldest daughter of Absa- 
lom and Mary (Taylor) P.ainbridge, and sis- 
ter of Commodore William P.ainbridge, United 
.States navy. Absalom Piainbridge was the 
fourth son of Edmund and Abigail Bainbridge, 
of Maidenhead, now Lawrenceville, Meixer 
county, New Jersey, and a grandson of John 
Bainbridge, an original settler of the same 
town. John Bainbridge was one of the mag- 
istrates present when the Court of Common 
Pleas and Quarter .Sessions met at Maidenhead 
on the second Tuesday of June, 1714. He was 
buried at Lamberton, in 1732. Absalom 
Bainbridge graduated from the College of 
New Jersey in 1762 and from the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons in New York. Dr. 
Bainbridge was elected secretary of the New 
Jersey ^Medical Society in 1771, and president 
oi the society in 1773. In 1778 he was sur- 
geon in the New Jersey Volunteers (British 
service). He became a medical jjractitioner 
in the city of New York, was one of the earl- 
iest members of the New York Medical Soci- 
ety, and he held a high rank in his profession. 
Mary (Taylor) Bainbridge was the only 
daughter of John Taylor and Phoebe Heard 
Taylor, a sister of General Nathaniel Heard, 
of Middletown, New Jersey. He was grand- 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



son of Edward Taylor, of London, who pur- 
chased about one thousand acres of land in 
Middletown, Xew Jersey, and in 1692 came 
over and settled there. John Taylor was born 
in 1715. was one of the judges of His Maj- 
esty's court at Monmouth, and received a com- 
mission from the King of England, Lord Howe 
being the bearer, a])pointing him lord high 
commissioner of Monmouth county. He was 
a descendant of a family which settled in Eng- 
land at the time of the Norman invasion. 
John Taylor died November 23, 1798. 

Children of Dr John and Phoebe (Bain- 
bridge) JNIaclean were: John, who was the 
tenth president of the college, born March i, 
1800. died .\ugust 10, 1886, unmarried. Mary 
Bainbridge, born (jctober 23, 1801, died Sep- 
tember 9, 1849, unmarried. William Bain- 
bridge, born November 6, 1803, died August 2. 
1829, unmarried. George Macintosh, born 
February 19, 1806, died March 8, 1886. 
.\gnes, born February 5, 1808, died April 7, 
1843, unmarried. Archibald, born February 
18. 1810, died November 19, 1894, unmarried. 

( IV ] George Macintosh Maclean, M. D., Ph. 
U., third son of Dr. John (3) and Phoebe (Bain- 
bridge ) Maclean, was born in Princeton, New 
Jersey, February 19, i8of). He early evinced 
a strong inclination for scientific studies, and 
became a student at Princeton University, 
from which he was graduated with honors in 
1824. After graduating from the College of Phy- 
sicians and Surgeons in New York City, 1829, 
he established himself in the practice of medi- 
cine and surgery in Princeton, New Jersey, 
and in Xew York City, 1843-46. Subsequently 
he went west and was professor of chemistry 
and natural history in Flanover College, In- 
diana; ])rofessor of chemistry in Cincinnati 
College of Medicine and Surgery ; and taught 
chemistry in New .Albany, Indiana, and Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania. Returning to Princeton 
he retired from active professional work. Dr. 
Maclean was the president of the Medical 
Society of Middlesex county, New Jersey, 
1837; third vice-president and censor of the 
Medical Society of the State of New Jer.sey ; 
and vice-president of the Alumni Association 
of Nassau Hall from June, 1880, until his 
death. He contributed many papers on scien- 
tific subjects which were regarded with interest 
by the professional world. 

Dr. Maclean was an elder in Duane .Street 
(now l'"ifth Avenue) Church, New York, and 
in the I'irst i'resbyterian Church of Princeton. 
Rev. 11. (i. Hinsdale wrote: ".Vs a christian 
man he always seemed to me unselfish and un- 



assuming, the soul of courtesy and honor, 
orthodox in his beliefs, frank and courageous 
in the avowal of his opinions, and earnest in 
the endeavor to live in accordance with the 
W'orrl of God and to fulfill the obligations of 
his high calling. .\s a church officer he was 
diligent and exact, intensely loyal to his church, 
an intelligent and competent member of her 
judicatories, and deeply interested in her prog- 
ress at home and abroad. In short our de- 
ceased brother belonged to a class of men — 
would that it were a larger class — who are 
more anxious to be than to seem, and wdio so 
ccrdially busy themselves with well-doing in 
the service and for the honor of the Lord 
Christ as to be little disturbed by the ambition 
of pre-tminence among men." Dr. Maclean 
(lied Alarch 8, 1886, and his remains were in- 
terred in Princeton. 

Dr. Maclean married (first) Catharine O. 
Smith, July 2. 1836. They had one child, John, 
born .August I, 1837. Mrs. Dr. Maclean died 
June 15, 1840. John graduated from College 
of New Jersey. 1858. and Princeton Theological 
Seminary, 1870. He married Mary Louise 
Sisty, who died July 6, 1867 ; he died July 27, 
1870. Their only child, Phoebe, was brought 
up by her guarflian, Mrs. P. A. Olden, and 
married Fritz Schultz. Dr. Maclean married 
(second), November 10, 1847, Jane \*. D. H. 
\'an Winkle, who died June 24, 1849. Dr. 
Maclean married (third),. April 3. 1856, Caro- 
line M. Williams (nee Fitch). They had four 
daughters — IMary .Agnes, Louisa P>., Caroline 
Fitch and Susan Bainbridge. Susan Bain- 
bridge died in infancy. December 19, 1865. 
Caroline M. Williams was the widow of Rev. 
Mason D. ^^'illiams, of Louisville, Kentucky, 
and daughter of Mason Cogswell and .Anna 
M. (Paxton) Fitch. Mr. Fitch was a lawyer 
and president of the First Bank of New .Al- 
bany, Indiana. Rev. Ebenezcr Fitch, grand- 
father of Mrs. Maclean, was the first president 
of Williams College. Williamstown, Massachu- 
setts, to which he went from A'ale College 
where he had been a tutor. Mrs. Maclean had 
two children bv her first husband: I. .Anna 
Al. Williams, married Henry E. Hale, a grad- 
uate of Princeton University, now a horticul- 
turist, having a large estate on Mercer street. 
Mrs. Hale died in 1898. Their living children 
are: Henry E., Jr., M. D._. demonstrator in 
anatomy in the College of Physicians and .Sur- 
geons in New A'ork City : married Frances M. 
Ward, of Chicago. .Anna W., married Rev. 
George H. P.ucher, pastor of the Presbyterian 
church at Pennington. Titus, A. B., now 



STATE OF NEW [ERSEY. 



( 1907) engaged in business (irrigation) in the 
state of W ashington, and Alary Otis. 2. Rev. 
Mason Fitch Wilhams, M. D., now residing in 
Muskogee, Indian Territory, married Mrs. 
Mary (\\'orcester ) Mason, and has one hving 
son, Leonard W., Ph. D., instructor in Har- 
vard Medical College, who married Martha R.. 
daughter of Professor P>enjamin F'ranklin 
Clark, of Prown University. 



Charles Hodge, D. D., LL. D. 
HODGE The Hodge family of Princeton 
trace their descent from North 
Irish ancestry, the earliest progenitor of whom 
record is known being William Hodge, died 
January 14, 1723, and Margaret, his wife, died 
November 15, 1730. Their children were: 
William, born Noyember 24, 1704: Hugh, 
born July 28, 1706, died 171 1 ; Elizabeth, born 
March 28, 1709, died 171 1: Andrew, born 
March 28, 1711, died 1789; Hugh, 2d, born 
January 11, 1713, died 17S3, and Jane, born 
February 15, 1714, died ante 1730. Soon after 
1 the death of their mother, William, Andrew 
' and Hugh emigrated to .\merica, settling in 
Philadelphia and becoming successful mer- 
chants. William married Mary ■ died 

November 13, 1737; had a daughter, Mary, 
born November 6, 1737, who married William 
West, August 18. 1757, and became ancestor 
of the W'ests. Conynghams and Fraziers of 
Philadelphia, Wilkes-Barre and New Orleans, 
and the Stewarts of P.altimore. • Hugh, the 
youngest of the three emigrant brothers, be- 
came a trustee of the second Presbyterian 
Church of Philadelphia, and in 1745 married 
Hannah Harkuni, born Philadelphia, January, 
1721, died December 17, 1805, daughter of 
John Harknm, of English descent. Her mother 
was a Miss Doe, or Doz, of Huguenot ances- 
try, and connected with the French fugitives 
who were founders of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Philadelphia. Hugh and Hannah 
(Harkum) Hodge had a son Hugh, born 1757, 
died 1783. who was graduated from Princeton 
in 1774, and is believed to. have been lost at 
sea on a mercantile enterprise. y^ 

Andrew Hodge, the second of the three 
/ original emigrant brothers became a wealthy 
merchant at Philadelphia, owning his wharf, 
store, and city residence on Water street, and 
a country residence in the suburbs. He was 
long conspicuous as possessing one of the six 
carriages in Philadelphia. In 1739 he married 
Jane McCulloch. Her brother, Hugh was a 
father of Colonel Hugh McCulloch, of the 
revolutionary war, and the war of 1812. -\n- 



drew Hodge and Jane (McCulloch) Hodge 
had fifteen children. Their eldest child and 
daughter Alargaret, born 1740, married John 
Rubenheim Payard, of Maryland, and later of 
Philadelphia, who became a colonel in the 
revolution, .\fter her death Colonel Bayard 
married a daugliter of the Rev. Dr. John 
Rodgers, of New "^'ork City, and thirdly a 
Mrs. White, of New P.runswick. New Jersey, 
who survived him. 

One of Colonel John and Margaret (Hodge) 
Bayard's sons was Andrew, merchant of Phila- 
delphia and first president of the Commercial 
Hank and the Philadel[)hia Savings Institution. 
He married Sara Pettit, daughter of Colonel 
Pettit. of the Revolutionary army. Another of 
Colonel Bayard's sons by his first marriage was 
Samuel Bayard, of Princeton, afterwards judge 
of common pleas, and trustee and treasurer of 
the Cniversity, who married a Miss Pintard. 
Judge Samuel Bayard's second daughter mar- 
ried a Mr. Washington, of Virginia, and had a 
daughter Augusta who married the son of At- 
torney General William Wirt, of Maryland. 
Judge Samuel Bayard's third daughter Caro- 
line, married Albert B. Dod (Princeton, class 
of 1822). professor of Mathematics at Prince- 
ton. One of Professor and Mrs. Dod's daugh- 
ters married Edward Stevens, of Hoboken, 
while still another married Richard Stockton, 
of Princeton, for many years United States 
senator from New Jersey. F'rofessor and Mrs. 
Dod's oldest son .\lbert Baldwin was graduated 
from Princeton in 1854, and became a captain 
of the LTnited States Fifteenth Infantry in the 
civil war. He died in 1880. Their second 
son, Samuel Bayard, a graduate of Princeton 
of the class of 1857, and a trustee of the uni- 
versity, married Isabella Williamson Green, 
daughter of Jacob Green, and granddaughter 
of T'resident Ashbel Green, of I'rinceton, and 
became himself president of the board of trus- 
tees of Stevens Institute at Hoboken. Pro- 
fessor and Mrs. Dod's third son Charles Hodge, 
(Princeton, 1862), was a Captain on the stafif 
of Major General Hancock during the civil 
war. and died in service, August 27, 1864. 

Returning to the children of Andrew and 
Jane ( AlcCulloch) Hodge, their second daugh- 
ter was Agnes, born 1742, who married Dr. 
James .Ashton Bayard, of Delaware, the twin 
brother of Colonel John R. Bayard, above men- 
tioned. Their daughter Mary died single. .A. 
son John was a physician and died in Cumber- 
land, Maryland. Another son was James Ash- 
ton. Jr.. a lawyer who was congressman from 
Delaware and died at Wilmington, Delaware. 



52 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



August. i<Si5, leaving a son, James Asliton, 
who married a .Miss Francis, of Philadelphia, 
became a L'nited States senator, and the father 
of the distinguished ambassador, Thomas F. 
liayard. 

The third daughter ui Andrew and jane 
( McCulloch ) Hodge was Jane, born 1757, 
married a Mr. l'hilli])s. of the West Indies and 
P'ngland. 

The fourth daughter of .Andrew and Jane 
(AlcCuUoch) Hodge was Alary, born 1761, 
who married .Major Iloilgdon, commissary in 
the revolutionary army, and had a numerou.s 
family. 

.\ndrew and Jane ( AIcCulk)ch ) Hodges sons 
were: John, born 1747, died 1770, a physician. 
William, born 1750, died 1780, secret agent for 
the L'nited States during the revolution. .\n- 
drew, Jr.. born 1753, died 1834, who was grad- 
uated from i'rinceton in 1772, was educated 
for the law. but entering the army was captain 
in the Pennsylvania line during the revolution, 
and afterwards became a merchant in Philadel- 
phia. He married Anne Ledyard, and their 
eldest son, John Eedyard, becoming a merchant 
settled at Alarseilles. France, and made a for- 
tune. President Fillmore appointed him Amer- 
ican consul at Marseilles. \ daughter Jane, 
born 1786, died 1866, married Dr. Robert H. 
Rose. Another son, William Ledyard, born 
January, 1790. died January 22, 1868, became 
a merchant and eventually assistant secretary 
of the L^nited States treasury. 

The fourth .son of .A.ndrew and Jane (Mc- 
Culloch) Hodge was Hugh, born Philadelphia, 
.\ugust 20. 1755, died Philadelphia, July 14, 
1798. He was graduated from Princeton in 
1773, studied medicine with Dr. Cadwalader, 
was ajjpointed surgeon in the Third Pennsyl- 
vania liattalion in February, 1776, was taken 
[irisoncr at Fort Washington in November, 
1776, and was released on parole. He follow- 
ed the family calling and went into mercantile 
life, but after the war returned to the practice 
of medicine and was prominent in Phdadelphia 
during the yellow fever epidemics of 1793 and 
1795, succumbing in 1798 to the results of his 
over-exertions at that time. 

The fifth son of .Andrew and Jane ( McCul- 
loch ) Hodge was James, who went into mer- 
cantile service and is believed to have been lost 
in shi])wreck in the East Indies in 1793. 

i lugh Hodge, above named, the fourth son 
of Andrew and Jane Hodge, married, in 1790. 
Mary Rlanchard, of Boston, born 1765, died 
.\pril 14. 1832, the sister of Samuel Blanchard, 



who married the niece of Colonel Timothy 
Pickering, of the revolutionary army and sec- 
retary of war under Washington. Marj' 
Blanchard w'as the daughter of Joseph and 
Mary ( Hunt ) Blanchard. Her father was 
])robably of Huguenot extraction. \J 

Hugh and Mary (^Blanchard) yfodge had 
children; Elizabeth, born December 19, 1791, 
died August, 1793. Mary, born September 
I, 1792. died 1795. Hugh, born .August 24. 
1794, died 1795. Hugh Lenox, born June 27, 
1796, died F^ebruary 23, 1873, who was grad- 
uated from Princeton in 1814, received the 
degree of M. D. from the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1818, was appointed professor of 
Obstetrics at that university in 1871, and mar- 
ried, in 1828, Margaret E. .Aspinwall, died 
1866, daughter of John .Aspinwall. merchant of 
New "S'ork. Charles, born at Philadelphia, 
December 28, 1797, who was graduated from 
Princeton in 181 5. and became the celebrated 
Presbyterian theologian. 

Dr. Charles Hodge's early education was re- 
ceived, in Philadelphia, and in 1810 with his 
elder brother, Hugh Lenox, he was sent to 
Somerville .Academy, New Jersey. In the 
spring of 1812 Hugh entered Princeton and 
Charles entered the Princeton .Academy. He 
entered college in the autumn of 1812 as a 
sophomore, and was graduated valedictorian 
of his class in 181 5. In November of the 
following year he entered the Princeton Theo- 
logical Seminary, being graduated in 1819. 
During the w-inter of 1819-20 he preached at 
the Falls of Schuylkill, at the Philadelphia 
.Arsenal and at Woodbury, New Jersey. In 
May, 1820, he was a])pointed assistant in- 
structor in Oriental Languages at Princeton 
Seminary, a position he retained for two years. 
He was ordained November 28, 1821. In 
May, 1822, the general assembly elected him 
to the chair of Biblical Literature in the Semi- 
nary, and in May. 1840. transferred him to the 
chair of Exegetical and Didactic Theology, 
which he occupied until his death in 1878. In 
1846 he was moderator of the general assem- 
bly. In addition to his professorial work he 
founded, and until 1868 edited, the Biblical 
Repertory or Princeton Kcz'iczv, which under 
var)ing names has been issued to the present 
time. principalUy as the organ of the Princeton 
Theological .Seminary. Dr. Hodge's most bril- 
liant writing was done forthe 7?C7'(('7C' where he 
was compelled to defend the old school divinity 
of the seminary against the advanced move- 
ments of the day. He is said to have written 



STATE OF NEW [ERSEY. 



53 



nearly one-tliird of the contents of the forty- 
three vokunes of the Rcc'iczu which appeared 
(hiring his editorial connection with it. 

In order to complete his preparation for the 
'great life work which lay before him on his 
election to the chair of Oriental and Biblical 
Literature, in 1822, he was sent abroad by 
friends in 1825 to pursue a course of study in 
the universities of Halle, Berlin and Paris, re- 
turning to America in 1828. In Europe he 
made the acquaintance of many of the leading 
theologians of the day, and laid the founda- 
tions for the wide personal friendships with 
foreign scholars which he was to enjoy during 
the remainder of his lifetime. On April 24, 
1872, half a century after he was made a pro- 
fessor in the seminary, his friends and pupils 
commemorated the event by a jubilee gather- 
ing which in some respects has had no e(|uai 
in .American academic history. Honor was 
paid him from all parts of the world. He lived 
in Princeton for seventy years, and died June 
19, 1878, in the eighty-first year of his age. 
He is buried in Princeton cemetery. 

Dr. Hodge was a close student and a 
superbly equipped scholar. The lameness from 
which he suffered proved perhaps a veiled 
blessing in that it compelled him to find his 
recreation amid his books. As a theological 
author he enjoyed a foremost reputation, won 
partly by his work in the Biblical Repertory 
or Princeton 7?L'7wVri'. .Assisted by a brilliant 
corps of fellow writers he placed the Rez'iev 
in prominence among the leading quarterlies 
of the age : it became a great formative power 
in the theology of the Presbyterian church and 
its career is part of the literary history of the 
country. Dr. Hodge edited the Re-iieic from 
1825 to 1868, and his massive learning, coupled 
with the logic clearness and force of his style, 
won for him his position as a leader in Orthodox 
Presbyterian thought. But his reputation does 
not rest on his editorial work alone. His "Com- 
mentary on the Epistle to the Roman.s" issued 
first in 1835 and again in 1866 enlarged and 
revised, has been accounted one of the mtjst 
masterly commentaries in existence, while his 
"Constitutional History of the Presbyterian 
Church in .America" ( 1840), his "Way of Life" 
(1841), his "Commentary on the Epistle to 
the Ephesians" (1856), his "Commentary on 
First Corinthians" (1857), and on "Second 
Corithians" ( 1859), and his great "Systematic 
Theology" (1871-1873) are monuments to his 
scholarship, his simple piety and his literary 
vigor. His "Systematic Theology" is the great 
work of his life. It has been reiiublishcd in 



Scotland and was translated in (iermany and 
is universally held in highest esteem as the 
best exposition of the system of Calvinistic 
doctrine known as Princeton Theology. His 
last book "\\'hat is Darwinism?" appeared in 
1874. His articles in the Review have been 
gathered into volumes as "Princeton Essays" 
( 1857), and "Hodge's Discussions on Church 
Polity" (1878), and have taken jjermanent 
place in theological literature. 

.As a ])rcacher Dr. Hodge was hardly popu- 
lar save with a specialized academic audience, 
his manner being unemotional in the extreme 
and his sermons being always closely read. 
But as a teacher and a man he was as endeared 
to his pupils and friends by his simplicity and 
modest personality as he was revered for his 
learning. .At his jubilee in 1872, when an en- 
tire afternoon was taken up with laudatory 
addresses from representative men and institu- 
tions from the world over, his only comment 
was "1 heard it all as of some other man." 

In his home he was an affectionate father, 
symjiathetic guide and charming host. A fine 
conversationalist, he abounded in humor and 
anecdote and was a master in the art of listen- 
ing. .Although his academic relations largely 
compelled him to appear a controversialist in 
public, yet his personal sympathies went be- 
yond the narrow confines of sect. It has been 
well said that he gave his sympathy to all good 
agencies. Historically in the Presbyterian 
church he is ranked rather as a defender of 
the traditional Calvinistic theology than as a 
constructive or progressive force. He received 
the degree of D. D. from Rutgers College in 
1834 and that of LL. D. from \\'ashington and 
Jefferson College in 1864. He was a trustee 
of Princeton I'niversity from 1850 until his 
death. 

He married (first), June 17, 1822, Sarah 
Bache, daughter of William and Catherine 
(Wistar) Bache. Catherine Bache was sister 
of Dr. Caspar Wistar, Professor of .Anatomy 
in the University of Pennsylvania. William 
Bache was a grandson of Benjamin Franklin. 
.Mrs. Sarah (Bache) Hodge died December 
25, 1849, aged fifty-one. On July 8, 1852, Dr. 
Hodge married (second), Mary Hunter Stock- 
ton, died February 28, 1880, widow of Lieu- 
tenant Samuel Witham Stockton, United States 
navy. She was a daughter of the Rev. Andrew 
Hunter (Princeton, 1772), professor at Prince- 
ton and chaplain of the navv vard at W^ashing- 
ton. D. C. 

Dr. Ho 'ge's children by his first wife were. 
I. Archibald .Alexander, born July 18. 1S23, 



54 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



see forward. 2. Alary, born August 31, 1825, 
married. 1848. Dr. William M. Scott, professor 
at Centre College, Kentucky, who died 1861. 
3. Ca.s])er Wistar, born Februar}' 21, 1830, see 
forward. 4. Charles, born March 22, 1832, 
died iSjf), graduate of Princeton, 1852, a 
physician, .\1. D.. L'ni\»i.-rsity of Pennsylvania. 
•855. 5- John, born 1834, of South Amboy, 
Xew Jersey. '). Catherine Bache, born Au- 
gust 31, 1836, married Dr. McGill. 7. Francis 
lilanchard, born October 24, 1838, died May 
13, 1905, a graduate of Princeton, 1859, minis- 
ter at \\'ilkes-P>arre and trustee of Princeton 
L'niversity, married Mary Alexander, daugh- 
ter of Professor Stephen Alexander, of Prince- 
ton. 8. Sarah, born 1840, married Colonel 
Samuel W'itham Stockton, of Princeton. 

Archibald Alexander Hodge, D. D.. LL. D., 
son of Dr. Charles and Sarah (Bache) Hodge, 
was born in Princeton. July 18, 1823. He was 
graduated from Princeton L'niversity in 1841. 
lie then spent a year studying with Professor 
Josepli Henry and a year teaching at Lawrence- 
ville. .\'ew Jersey. In 1843 he entered Prince- 
ton Seminary, spending four years there, dur- 
ing two of which he was tutor in the university. 
He was licensed in 1846 and ordained as a 
foreign missionary in 1847: in .August of that 
year he sailed for India, and at Allahabad re- 
mained until the spring of 1850, when im- 
paired health obliged his return. He was pas- 
tor of a church at West Nottingham, Mary- 
land, 1851-55, Fredericksburg, X'irginia, 1855- 
Oi. and of Wilkes-l'arre, Pennsylvania, 1861- 
64. He was then elected professor of Didactic 
and Polemic Theology in Western Theological 
Seminary, .\llcgheny. Pennsylvania, where he 
remained until 1877. when he was called to 
Princeton Seminary to be associated with his 
father. On the death of his father, the next 
year, lie was elected professor of Didactic and 
Polemic Theology and occupied the chair until 
his sudden death on .Vovember it. 188^). He 
received the degree nf 1). |). from Princeton 
l'niversity in 1862 and that i>f LI.. 1). from 
Wooster in 1876. He was a trustee of Prince- 
ton Cniversity from 1881 until his death. He 
married ( first ) at Winchester, \'irginia, Jinie 
17, 1847. Elizabeth Bent HoUiday, who "died 
at .Miesrlieny. Pennsylvania, .Septemlier 28, 
1868. I le married (second), at Detroit. Michi- 
gan, Mrs. Margaret (McLaren) Woods, who 
survives him. Children by his first wife arc 
-Sarah Bache. now living in Princeton, and 
[Elizabeth Halliday, who died in 1893. Dr. 
I fodge was considered one of the greatest 
indpit orators of the country. He resembled 



Dr. .\rchibald .Alexander in his genius for 
oral expression. He had a remarkable faculty 
for definition, analysis and original illustration, 
and his brilliant imagination clothed his lan- 
guage with charm. While overshadowed by 
his father as a writer of review articles, he 
nevertheless published works which have given 
him high rank as a theological writer. His 
"C)utlines of Theologj-," published first in i860, 
has been translated into several languages. His 
".Atonement," published in 1868. was republish- 
ed in London in 1886. His "Exposition of the 
Confession of Faith" appeared in i86g and in 
1880 he published his "Life of Charles Hodge," 
a volume entitled Popular Lectures on Theo- 
lopical Themes was posthumously published in 
1887. 

Casper Wistar Hodge, D. D., LL. D., son of 
Dr. Charles Hodge, was born in Princeton, 
{■"ebruary 21. 1S30, and was named after Pro- 
fessor Casper \\'istar. of the L'niversity of 
Pennsylvania. He g-rew up and was educated 
in Princeton, and with the exception of two 
short pastorates spent his entire life in Prince- 
ton. He was fitted for college by his lifelong 
friend and preceptor, the brilliant Dr. Joseph 
.Addison .\lexander. He was graduated at the 
head of his class in Princeton L^niversity in 
1848, and while acting as secretary to Pro- 
fessor Joseph Henry taught for a year at Edge- 
hill School. F'rinceton, entering Princeton 
Seminary in 1849. While in the seminary he 
was tutor in Greek in the university from 1850 
to 1852. In 1853 he was licensed and in 1854 
ordained. His first charge was at Brooklyn, 
one year as stated sup]jly and two years as 
pastor. In 1856 he became pastor at Oxford. 
Penns\lvania, remaining until i860, when he 
was called to Princeton Seminary to succeed 
Dr. J. .Addison .Alexander, who had just died 
leaving vacant the chair of Hellenistic and 
Xew Testament Literature. ( )n Dr. Cas])er 
I lodge's assumption of the chair it was called 
the Professorship of New Testament History 
■ uul Biblical Creek. In 1879 the title was 
changed again to New Testament Literature 
and jivegesis, he having assumed the work in 
.\'i\\ Testament Exegesis done by his father, 
Charles Hodge. For thirty-one years he per- 
formed the duties of this chair. Of a retiring 
disposition and averse to i^ublicity, lie was pre- 
vented from taking a prominence in the church 
at large commensurate with his attainments. 
He ])ublislK'd only a few sermons and reviews. 
Plis s])ccial power .was in the classrof)m, and 
bis preaching was ])articularly enjoyed by the 
intellectual and theological audiences of the 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



Seminary Chapel. He received tlie degree of 
D. D., from Princeton Univer.-^ity in 1865 and 
tliat of LL. D., from the .same institution in 
1891. He died September 27, 1891. 

He married (first), May 17, 1855, at Prince- 
ton, Alary Hunter Stockton, daughter of Lieu- 
tenant Stockton, of Princeton. She died Sep- 
tember 29, 1857. He married (second), June 
4, 1863, at Huntington. Long Island, Harriet 
Terry Post, granddaughter of Professor Post, 
surgeon in New York City. She died April 
7, 1864. He married (third), October 20, 
1869, in New York. Angelina Post, who with 
four children survives him. I. Casper W'istar, 
Jr., a graduate of Princeton (class of 1892) 
and instructor in Princeton Semmary. He 
married Sarah, daughter of Evan J. and Lucy 
M. Henry, of Princeton, at Princeton, in No- 
vember. 1897, and has a daughter, Lucy Max- 
well, born Alarch 5. 1902. 2. Angelina Post, 
born November 15, 1871, married Alalcolm 
Maclaren ; (graduated Princeton, 1890). 3. 
Mary Blanchard, born February 2, 1874, mar- 
ried Professor William Francis Magie, of 
Princeton Cniversity (graduated Princeton, 
1879). 4. Sarah Madeline, born December 
29. 1876. 

Some of the noblest families of 
DEPUE France have been those whose 

names have been in the Hugue- 
not history. For centuries prior to the refor- 
mation their names had become famed for dis- 
tinguished services. One of these old famous 
French names is DuPuy. It is mentioned in 
the history of the country in the eleventh cen- 
tury, and was found in the southeastern sec- 
tion where Le Puy. two hundred and seventy 
miles a little southeast of Paris is the capital 
town of the department of Haute-Loire prov- 
ince of Languedoc. In the tenth century its 
name was Podium Sanctae Mariae and it sent 
the flower of its chivalry to the crusades in 
1096. Joining Haute-Loire on the northwest 
is the dejiartment of Puy de Dome, province 
of .-Xuvergne. 

Louis Moreri (1643-1680), a French his- 
torian, says "Du Puv is an old house, prolific 
of illustrious men.'' It is almost certain it had 
its origin in France. In 1033, when Coin-ad II 
united to the German empire two burgundies, 
he appointed Raphael DuPuy. who held the 
offices of commander of the Roman cavalry 
and grand chamberlain of the Roman republic, 
as governor of the conquered province of 
Languedoc and Dauphiny, whose descendants 
became possessors of many fine estates. His 



son. Hugo, joined the crusaders in 1096 under 
tiodfrey de Bouillon and was accompanied 
therebv by three or his four sons, Alleman, 
Rodolphe, Romaine and Raymond. Rodolphe 
died in Palestine in battle. Romaine died in 
the Palestinian principalities given him by 
(iodlrey. .A. Raymond succeeded Gerard De 
Martigues as rector of the -hospital of St. John 
of Jerusalem and was the first to assume the 
title of grand master of the Knights Hospital- 
lers. 

I'rom one or another of the four sons of 
Hugo the Crusader have descended all of that 
name in this country, whose ancestors were 
identified with the reformed religion of 
France. No less than five Huguenot Du Pays 
immigrated to this country and there was 
probably more. One of these was Dr. John 
Dn Puy, who settled in New York City, hav- 
ing come from England by way of Port Royal, 
Jamaica, British West Indies. Another Fran- 
cois appears among the early settlers of the 
parish of King William at Manakintown, Vir- 
ginia. A third, Bartholomew, born in Langue- 
doc. immigrated to Virginia. The "brothers 
Nicholas and Francis are referred to below. 

(I) Nicholas Depuy, founder of the branch 
of the family at present under consideration, 
fled from France to Holland during the perse- 
cution which succeeded the revocation of the 
Edict of Nantes, and came from there to 
.\merica with his brother Francois. He 
arrived in New York in October. 1662, on the 
"Pumberland Church." In March, 1663, he 
applied to the city authorities for land, seed 
and provisions for six months. In June. 1665, 
he was sworn in as beer and weigh-house 
poster, and in 1674 was named in the list of the 
wealthiest citizens and was taxed on six hun- 
dred florins. He lived in what was known as 
De Markedelt, in the rear of the present Pro- 
duce Exchange. Sometime before his death 
he was granted a large tract of land west of 
the Hudson river, in Ulster county. New York, 
and on this land his son Moses settled, most 
probably before his father's death. All oi the 
authorities speak of his having three children 
on his arrival in New Amsterdam, and if so 
one must have died before he did. His will 
was proved in July. 1691, and he left his 
propertv to his wife and his surviving chil- 
dren "share and share alike." 

Nicholas Depuy married Caterina Renard, 
of New Amsterdam, whose relatives it is said 
changed their name to DeVos, or DeVosch, 
and became the ancestors of one branch of the 
De Veaux family. Children: i. John, born 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



1656. 2. Moses, referred to below. 3. Joseph, 
1663. 4. Aaron. 1664. 5. Magdalen. 6. Siisan- 
nali, 1667. 7. Nicholas fr., 1670. 8. Paulus. 

(II) Moses, second son of Nicholas and 
Caterina (Renard) Depuy. was born in 1657 
and settled on the land granted to his father 
in Ulster county. September i, 1689, he took 
the oath of allegiance in that county, and 
among "a list of Commanding Officers, Mille- 
tery, and Sidel ; Old e.xofesers and old men," is 
mentioned Mr. Moses Depuy. In 1703 he was 
one of the charter members under the grant 
from Queen Anne, of the town of RtKhester, 
New York. He became the most prominent 
man in L'lster county. He married (first) 
Maria, born Albany, 1660, daughter of Cor- 
nells and Maria Janse ( Langendyck) Wyn- 
koop, of Kingston, whose parents were in 
Albany as early as 1665, and came to Kings- 
ton before 1671 and (second) October 16, 
1724, Peter Neltje DePree, widow of Marti- 
nus Van Aken, of Rochester. Children, all by 
first wife: I. Mareieje, baptized April 24. 
16S1. 2. 'Nicolaes, baptized December 3, 1682; 
married, March 22, 1707, Weyntjen Roosa. 3. 
Catherina, baptized April 6, 1684. 4. Magda- 
lena, baptizeei March 14, i686. 5. Cornells, 
baptized Jaiuiary 8, 1688; married. May 6, 
1713, Catrina \'an Aken. 6. Catrina. baptized 
May 25, 1690. 7. Moses, baptized September 
27, 1691 : married, February 14, 1716, Mar- 
grietje Schoonmacher. 8. Ijenjamin, referred 
to below. 9. Susanna, baptized January (), 
1698. 10. Catliarina, baptized November 30. 
1701; married. May 10. 1722, Benjamin 
Schoonmacher. 1 1. Jacobus, baptized Sep- 
tember 19. 1703; married, August 26, 1725, 
Sara Schoonmacher. The above mentioned 
.Schoonmachers were all of them children of 
Jochen Schoonmacher, referred to below. 

(III) iienjamin, eighth child and fourth 
son of Moses and Maria (\\"ynkoo])) DePuy. 
was ])a])tized October [3, 1695, died in 1765.- 
1 ie moved to the Mimiesink. where his brother 
Nicolaes already li\ed. In an old manuscript 
written by Dr. Cornilius I )(.-puy, lie is said to 
have been "A farmer of very strong mind, 
I)ius and of a mild disposition. His house was 
burned by the Indians. He died at the age of 
seventy year." Septemlier 3, 17 19, he mar- 
ried (first) Elizabeth, bajjtized February 18, 
1700, daughter of Jochen and Antje (Hnssey) 
.'^chocjnmacher. Her father was supervisor of 
Rochester, 1709 to 1 712, and captain of a com- 
pany for defense against tjie Indians. He was 
the eldest son of Hendrick Jochemse Schoon- 



macher and Eliza Janse, daughter of Jan 
Janse Brestede, and widow of Adriaen Peter- 
sen Van Alcmaer. A native of Hamburg, 
Germany, who came over in the military ser- 
vice of the Dutch West India Company, and 
an innholder at I'ort Orange. Jochem Schoon- 
macher had married (first) Petronella Sleght, 
who died about 1687. Children of Benjamin 
and Elizabeth (Schoonmacher) DePuy: 1. 
Benjamin Jr., baptized July 3, 1720, died in 
infancy. 2. Maria, baptized January 28, 1722: 
married James Hyndshaw. ■ 3. Johannis, bap- 
tized January 19, 1724, died in infancy. 4. 
Johannis, baptized Alarch 26, 1727. 5. Benja- 
min, referred to below. Benjamin DuPuy 
married (second) December 13, 1735, Eiche 
DeW'itt. Child: 6. Sara, baptized December 
25, 1737; married Benjamin \'an Campen. 

(IV) Benjamin (2). fifth child and fourth 
son of Benjamin (i) and Elizabeth (Schoon- 
macher) DePuy, was baptizeil in Esopus, now 
Kingston, New York, June 29, 1729, died in 
Lower Mount Bethel township, Northampton 
county, Pennsylvania, September 25, 181 1. He 
removed at first to Wallpack, New Jersey, 
where in 1745 he was surveyor of highways 
and reappointed to the same position in 1751. 
In 1758 he became assessor, and in 1767 is 
recorded as freeholder. Two years before this 
last date, in 1765, he removed to Lower Mount 
Bethel township, where he became one of the 
most prominent men in that region. He was 
a member of the Urst Batallion of Associaters, 
of Northampton county, Pennsylvania, and 
was a member of Captain John Arndt's com- 
pany, which was engaged in the battle of Long 
Island, August 27, 1776, and at I^ort Wash- 
ington. November ifi, 1770. He was also one 
nf the thirty-three members of that company 
who rallied the ne.xt day at Elizabethtown. 
\ fter this he served in the revolutionary war 
as commissary. He was elected a delegate 
from Northampton comity to attend the con- 
vention at Philadelphia to a])])orti()n the dele- 
gates to be elected throughout the province of 
Pennsylvania, who were to meet at Philadel- 
phia to frame a constitution for that state. He 
was also elected fri)m Mount Bethel township 
on the Northampton county committee of 
safety, and attended two meetings at Easton, 
Pennsylvania, .\ugust 7. 1784, he was com- 
missioned by the supreme e.xecutive council 
of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania justice 
of the peace for Mount Bethel township, and 
Se])tenil)er 4 following one of the justices of 
the court of common pleas for Northampton 
county for a term of seven years. 



^ 




?*^ 




7^/ 




STATE OF NEW [ERSKV 



57 



He niarrieil Catharine, daugliter of Abra- 
ham and Susanna (DuPuy) Van Campen, his 
first cousin on her mother's side, Susanna 
being the daughter of Moses and Maria ( Wyn- 
koop) DuPuy, referred to above. Her father, 
Abraliam, was the son of Jan \'an Campen 
and Tientje, daughter of jan Keeker. He was 
born in Esopus, New York, baptized there 
October 9, 1698. moved to Sussex county, New 
Jersey, became the most prominent man in 
Wallpack. and died in .April or May, 1767. 
He was the first and from 1753 to 1766 the 
presiding judge of the Sussex county court. 
He was colonel of the First New Jersey regi- 
ment in the French and Indian war of 1755. 
He was survived by a widow Rachael, his 
second wife, four sons, .\braham, John, Ben- 
jamin and Moses, and three daughters, Maria, 
wife of John, son of lienjamin DuPu)' Senior : 
Catharine, referred to above, and Susanna, 
wife of Thomas Romine. Children of Benja- 
min and Catharine (\an Cam])en) DePuy : 

1. James, died October, 179 1. 2. Benjamin. 
3. Abraham, referred to below. 4. Moses. 3. 

J^ohn. fi. Maria, married Forman. 6. 

Sara, married James Boyd. 

(V } Abraham, son of Benjamin (2) and 
Catharine (\'an Campen) Depue, was born 
September 28, 1765, died October 21. 1851. 
January 5, 1792, he married Susanna Hoff- 
man, born June 28, 1771, died May 3, 1854. 
Children: i. Mercy, born January 27, 1793. 

2. James, October 18, 1794, died May 14. 
1843. 3. fjenjamin, referred to below. 4. 
Catharine, June 8, 1798, died June 18, 1884. 
5. Philip, June 18, 1800. 6. Moses, July 2. 
1802. 7. Abraham, October 8, 1805, died Sep- 
tember 20, 1819. 8. John, February 7, 1808, 
died September 25, 1809. 9. Jacob. June 24. 
1810, died November 4, 1839. 10. Susannah. 
October 22, 1812. 11. Sara. January 31, 1815. 

(\'I) Benjamin (3 1, son of .\braham and 
busanna (Hofifnian) Depue. was born in 
Lower Mount Bethel township, Northampton 
county, Pennsylvania, September i, 1796, died 
June 19, 1884. He married Elizabeth Ayres 
and among his children was David .\yres. re- 
ferred to below. 

(\'II) David Ayres, son of lienjamin (3) 
and Elizabeth (Ayres) Depue, was born at Mt. 
Bethel, Northampton township, Pennsylvania, 
October 27, 1826. After a thoroughly pre- 
pared course at the school of the Rev. John 
Vander Veer at Easton, Pennsylvania, he 
entered Princeton College in 1843, and gradu- 
ated therefrom in 1846. Immediately after- 
wards lie became a student of law in the office 



of John M. Sherrerd, Estjuire, at Belvidere, 
Warren county. New Jersey, was admitted to 
the New Jersey bar as attorney in 1849, and 
began the practice of law at Belvidere. Here, 
by his familiarity with his subjects, his perse- 
verance and his ability he soon won a place in 
the front rank of his profession. By legislative 
appointment he was associated with Chief 
Justice Beasley and Cortland Parker, Esquires, 
in the revision of the New Jersey laws. In 1866 
he was appointed a justice of tlie supreme court 
of New Jersey by Covernor Marcus L. Ward, 
and when his term expired in 1873 he was re- 
appointed for a second term by Governor Joel 
Parker, and again for a third term in 1880 by 
1 lovernor ( leorgc I!. McClellan. At fir.st 
his circuit embraced the counties of Essex 
and Union, but the great increase of popula- 
tion and of judicial labor in the circuit occa- 
sioned a division, and Judge Depue removed 
from Belvidere to Newark in 1866, where he 
resided for the remainder of his life. He was 
reappointed in 1887-94. He continued to serve 
as associate judge of the supreme court until 
May I. 1900, wlien he succeeded Mr. Magee as 
chief justice, and served until November 16, 
1901, when having completed his thirty-fifth 
year of judicial service he retired to private 
life. In 1874 Rutgers College, Xew Jersey, 
gave him the title of LL. 1)., and in 1880 
Princeton l'nivcrsit\- ga\e him the dcgrf^e of 
I.E. D. 

Judge Depue was not only a student of 
practice, but also of the science of law, and 
was distinguished as a judge in a state prolific 
of able jurists, possessing in an eminent degree 
a judicial mind, with distinctness of opinion, 
rare knowledge and understanding, united with 
the greatest care and clearness of statement. 
As a dispenser of justice he stands. equally 
high and is accounted "the soul of justice, 
honor and purity." The fact that his second 
and third appointments to his judicial post 
were made by his political opponents, he being 
Republican and they Democratic, tests the ex- 
cellence of his record as judge. In private life 
[udge Depue was distinguished for the same 
modesty and uprightness which characterized 
him in the performance of his official duties. 
Blended in his character was a keen apprecia- 
tion of humor and over it he wore a graceful 
and fitting garment of a courteous affability. 

He married (first) 1859, Mary \'an .Allen, 
daughter of John Stuart, a native of Scotland, 
who came to America and settled in Warren 
county in 181 1, and was the first cashier of the 
Pielvidere Bank, which post he retained from 



58 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



the organization of the bank until 1854 when 
he resigned. Child : Elizabeth Stuart. He 
married (second) 1862, Delia Ann, flaughter 
of Oliver E. .Slociim, Es(|iiire. of West Gran- 
ville, Massachusetts. Children: i. Sherrerd, 
referred to below. 2. Mary Stuart, married, 
October 26, 1887, Sydney Norris, second son 
of Morgan Lewis and Eliza Glendy (Mc- 
Eaughlin) Ogden ; five children: Lucy Depue, 
.August 19, 1888; Miriam Wolcott, January 
28, 1890; Mary Norris, January 3, 1892; Syd- 
ney Norris, Junior, July 7, 1893, died Septem- 
ber II, 1894; and David Ayres Depue, Octo- 
ber 16, 1897. 3. Frances Adelia. 

(VTII) Sherrerd, eldest child of David 
Ayres and Delia Ann (Slocum) Depue, was 
born in Ijclvidere, Warren county. New Jer- 
sey, August I, 1864. For his early education 
he was sent to private schools and afterwards 
was prepared for college in the Newark Acad- 
emy, from which he graduated in 1881. En- 
tering Princeton LTniversity he received his 
academic degree in 1883. and then going to the 
Columbia Law School he graduated in 1887. 
.After this he rekd law in the ofiRce of Vice- 
Chancellor Frederick William Stevens, and 
was admitted to the New Jersey bar in June. 
1888, as attorney and as counsellor in 1891, 
and began the practice of his profession in 
Newark, New Jersey, where he has been 
engaged ever since. Until 1898 he was in 
partnership with Chauncey G. Parker under 
the firm name of Depue & Parker. When the 
firm was dissolved in the last mentioned year, 
the present firm of Lindabury. Depue & 
I'aulks was formed. In 1895-96 Air. Depue was 
the city attorney for Newark, and he has also 
held the office of assistant LInited States dis- 
trict attorney. In politics he is a Republican, 
and he is regarded as one of the shining lights 
of his i)rofession in the state. His pleasing 
personality, together with his genial manner, 
his unfailing courtesv and his disposition to go 
out of his way to assist others, coupled with 
ability of the very highest order and brilliancy, 
have placed him at the head of his profession 
in a city and state, both of which are remark- 
able for the great acuteness and learning of 
their legal representatives. He is a member of 
the North Reformed Church. 

October ro, 1892, he married in Newark, 
Mabel Terry, born there January 2, 1866, only 
daughter of Thomas 15. and Mary May (Rux- 
ton) Norris, whose son, Robert Van Arsdale 
Norris, married Esther Schumacher, and has 
tiu'ce ciiildren, Robert, Jane and Esther. Chil- 
dren of Sherrerd and Mabel Terry (Norris) 



Depue: i. David Ayres, born April 25, 1895. 
2. Sherrerd Junior, April 13, 1899. 3. Robert 
Norris, June 13, 1902. 4. Mabel Rose, March 
-'5. 1904- 

The Strycker family is of 
STRVL'KER most remote antiquity. Proof 

has been brought from Hol- 
land of the family having remained on the 
same estates near the Hague and near Rotter- 
dam for full eight hundred years prior to the 
coming of the first member to this country in 
1652. The following facts, viz. : the ducal 
coronet on the crest and the family being 
traced far back to the latter part of the eighth 
century, prove that the progenitors were among 
the great military chieftains of the Nether- 
lands who were created dukes, counts and 
barons by Charles the Bald, in order to bring 
some form of government out of the chaos of 
those times long before the advent of the 
Dutch Republic. Many legends are told of 
this powerful family in those warlike days — 
one particularly accounting for the three boars' 
heads upon the shield. 

In 1643 the States General of the Nether- 
lands offered a grant of land in New .Amster- 
dam to Jan and Jacobus Strycker provided 
that they brought out, at their own expense, 
twelve other families from Holland. This 
grant, it does not appear, they accepted until 
eight years afterward, when they established 
the .American branch of the family in and near 
New Amsterdam. The old Strycker mansion 
at Fifty-second street and the Hudson river is 
the last of the old manor houses of New York 
City. There were few offices which these 
able men did not fill at difTerent times. Jacobus 
was a great burgher of New .Amsterdam in 
i653-=;5-57-58-6o, also one of Peter Stuy- 
vesant's council. 

Jan Strycker. born in Hulhmd. 1(114, reached 
New Amsterdam from Rouen with his wife, 
two .sons and four daughters, 1652, leaving 
behind him all the privileges and rights which 
might be his by descent in the old world. He 
was a man of ability and education, for his 
subse(|uent history proves him to be ])rominent 
in the civil and religious community in which 
he cast his lot. His first wife was Lambertje 
Seubering. After her death he married Swantje 
Jans, widow of Cornells Potter, of Brooklyn. 
The second wife died in 1686. In March, 1687, 
he married a third time, Teuntje Tennis, of 
Elatbush. 

Jan Strycker remained in New Amsterdam a 
little over a year, and in the year 1654 he took 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



59 



the lead in founding a Dutch colony on Long 
Island at what was called Midwout; it was 
also called Middlewoods. The modern name 
is Flatbush. On the nth of December, 1653, 
while still in New Amsterdam, Jan Strycker 
joined with others in a petition of the Com- 
monality of the New Netherlands and a 
remonstrance against the conduct of Director 
Stuyvesant. The petition recited that "they 
apprehended the establishment of an arbitrary 
government over them ; that it was contrary to 
the genuine principles of well regulated gov- 
ernments that one or more men should arro- 
gate to themselves the exclusive power to dis- 
pose at will of the life and property of any 
individual : that it was odious to every free- 
born man, principally to those whom God has 
placed in a free state of newly settled lands." 
We humbly submit that " 'tis one of our privi- 
leges that our consent, or that of our repre- 
sentatives, is necessarily required in the enact- 
ment of laws and orders." It is remarkable 
that at this early day this indictment was 
drawn up, this "bill of rights" was published. 
But these men came from the blood of the 
hardy Northmen and imbibed with the free air 
of America the determination to be truly free 
themselves. 

In the. year 1654 Jan Strycker was selected 
as the chief magistrate of Midwout, and this 
office he held most of the time for twenty 
years. The last time we find the notice of his 
election was at the council of war holden in 
Fort William Hendrick, August 18, Anno 
1673, where the delegates from the respective 
towns of Midwout, liruckelen, Amers-fort, 
Utrecht, Boswyck and Gravesend selected him 
as "Schepen." He was also one of the em- 
bassy from New Amsterdam and the principal 
Dutch towns to be sent to the Lord Mayors in 
Holland on account of their annoyance from 
the English and the Indians ; they complain that 
they "will be driven off their lands unless re- 
enforced from Fatherland." On .April 10, 
1664, he took his seat as a representative from 
Midwout in that great Landtdag, a general 
assembly called by the burgomasters, which 
was held at the City Hall in New Amsterdam, 
to take into consideration the precarious con- 
dition of the country. He was one of the 
representatives in the Hempstead convention 
in 1665, and he appears as a patentee on the 
celebrated Nichols patent, October 11, 1667, 
and again on the Dongan patent, November 
12, 1685. He was elected captain of the mili- 
tarv company at Midwout, October 25, 1673, 
and his brother Jacobus was given the author- 



ity to "adminster the oaths and to install him 
into office." Captain Jan Strycker was named 
March 26, 1674, as a deputy to represent the 
town in a conference to be held at New 
Orange to confer with Governor Colve on the 
present state of the country. 

During the first year of his residence at 
Midwout he was one of the two commissioners 
to build the Dutch church there, the first 
erected on Long Island, and he was for many 
\-ears an active supporter of the Dominie 
Johannes Theodorus Polhemus, of the Re- 
formed Church of Holland, in that edifice. 
After raising a family of eight children, every 
one of whom lived to adult life and married, 
seeing his sons settled on valuable plantations 
and occupying positions of influence in the 
community, and his daughters marrying into 
the families of the Brinckerhoffs. the Berriens 
and the Bergens, living to be over eighty years 
of age, he died about the year 1697, full of the 
honors which these new towns could bestow, 
and with his duties as a civil officer and a free 
citizen of his adopted country well performed. 

Jacobus (ierritsen Strycker, or Jacob 
Strycker, as he seems to have generally written 
his name, was a younger brother of Jan and 
came from the village of Ruinen, in the L^nited 
Provinces, to New Amsterdam, in the year 
1631. {3n February 11, 1653, he bought a lot 
of land "on west side of the Great Highway, 
on the cross street running from the said high- 
way to the shore of the North River, Manhat- 
tan Island." A part of this "lot" is still in 
possession of the family. He was a great 
tnirgher of New Aiusterdam in 1653-55-57- 
58-60. In the month of March, 1653, he 
appears as subscribing two hundred guilders 
to the fund for erecting a wall of earth mound 
and wooden palisades to surround the city of 
New Amsterdam to keep off the Puritan colo- 
nists of New England and unfriendly Indians. 
On Mav 2j of the same year the worshipful 
schepen, Jacob Strycker, is the purchaser of a 
lot of land ten rods square on what is now 
Exchange Place, east of Broad street. 

.■\bout the close of the year 1660 he removed 
to New Amersfort, Long Island, now called 
Flatlands. He must have returned for a time 
to New Amsterdam, for in 1663 he appears 
again as an alderman of the young colony 
there. In the year 1660 he and his wife Ytie 
(Ida) (Huybrechts) Strycker, whom he mar- 
ried in Holland, and who bore him two chil- 
dren, a son and a daughter, appear on the 
records as members of the old Dutch Church 
of New York, and it is noted that he had 



6o 



STATE O]'" XKW lERSEV 



removed to Xew Amersfort. The records of 
the church in the latter place shows both of 
them as members there in the year 1667. On 
August 18, 1673, he became schout or high 
sheriff of all the Dutch towns on Long Island, 
a position of influence and responsibility at 
that time. He was also a delegate to the con- 
vention. March 26. 1674. to confer with Gov- 
ernor Colve on the state of the colony. 

He seems to have been a gentleman of con- 
siderable means, of much official influence and 
of decided culture. He died, as we find from 
the church records kept by Dominie Casparus 
Van Zuuren, in October. 1687. From this 
date until the present time ( 1906) the family 
genealogy has accurately been traced down by 
General William S. Strycker, whose biography 
we here append, drafted and adopted by the 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the 
LTnited States Commandery of the State of 
Pennsylvania shortly after his death. 

William .Scudder Strycker. son of Thomas 
Johnson and Hannah (Scudder) Strycker. of 
Trenton. New Jersey, was born in that city. 
June 6, 1838. died at his home in that city, 
October 29. 1900. He prepared for college 
at the Trenton Academy and was graduated 
from Princeton College in the class of 1858. 
He read law and was admitted to the bar 
(Ohio), but never engaged in active practice. 
He responded to President Lincoln's first call 
for troops and enlisted as a private .Vpril 16. 
1861. He was appointed major and disbursing 
officer and quartermaster at Camp X'reden- 
burg. Freehold. New Jersey. July 22. 1862. b\- 
the governor of New Jersey, and assisted much 
in organizing the b'ourteenth New Jersey there. 
He was appointed paymaster of United States 
X'ohmteers. February 19. 1863. and ordered to 
Hilton Head. South Carolina, where. July 8. 
i8f)3, he volunteered as acting aide-de-camp to 
General (iillmore and participated in the cap- 
ture of Morris Island, in the night attack on 
I'ort Wagner, and in the siege of Charleston 
gencrallv. Subse(|uently he was transferred to 
the north on account of illness and assigned to 
duty as senior paymaster at Columbus. Ohio, 
at Parole Camj). and continued in charge of 
that paying district (including Detroit) until 
i8fif), when he resigned and returned to Tren- 
ton. 

On January 10. 1867. he was placed on the 
staff of the governor of New Jersey as aide- 
de-camp and lieutenant-colonel, and .\pril 12. 
1867, was ai)pointed adjutant-general of New 
Jersey, with the rank of brigadier-general, 
which office he held continuouslv to his decease 



lover thirty-three years) and the duties of 
which he discharged with signal ability. He 
was nominated brevet major-general by Gov- 
ernor I'arker for long and meritorious service. 
February 9. 1874. and confirmed by the senate 
unanimously. 

General Strycker was a wide reader and 
close student, especially of American history, 
and collected a large and valuable library, 
especially rich in Americana. He was noted 
as an author and wrote some of the best and 
most accurate historical monographs yet 
issued in America, relating particularly to New 
Jersey and the battles of Trenton, Princeton 
and Alonmouth. He became so interested in 
the conduct of the Hessians at Trenton that 
he made a trip to Hesse-Cassel, Germany, and 
e.xhumed from the archives there new facts of 
rare value concerning them. His "Trenton 
One Hundred Years Ago." "The Old Bar- 
racks at Trenton. N. J.." "The New Jersey 
X'olunteer-Loyalists." "The Matties of Trenton 
and Princeton," "The Xew Jersey Con- 
tinental Line in the Virginia Campaign 1781," 
"Washington's Reception by the P\^ople of 
New Jersey in 1789," and other like mono- 
graphs are authorities on these subjects, and 
will continue so. He also compiled, or had 
compiled in his office as adjutant-general, a 
"Register of the Officers and Men of New 
Jersey in the Revolutionary War" and a 
"Record of the Officers and Men of New 
Jersey in the Civil War 1861-1865," that 
abounds with painstaking accuracy and care 
and that will forever remain as monuments 
b(5th to himself and the state. In recognition 
of his scholarly work and worth, his alma 
mater justly conferred the degree of LL. D. 
upon him in 1899. 

lie was president of the Trenton I'lattle 
Moiumient .Association and the life and soul of 
it for years, and to his wise and patriotic con- 
duct is due in large part its erection at last, 
lie was president of the Trenton Savings 
]• und Society and greatly interested in its new 
banking house, an ornament to his native city. 
He was a director of the Trenton Banking 
Company and of the Widows' Home Associa- 
tion ; also trustee of the I'"irst Presbyterian 
Church, Trenton, and of the Theological Semi- 
nary at Princeton. He was president of the 
New Jersey Society of the Cincinnati and of 
the New Jersey Historical Society, and a mem- 
ber of the New Jersey Society of the Sons of 
the American Revolution, of the Grand .\riny 
of the I-iejniblic. and of the Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion; also a fellow of the Amer- 



STATE OF NEW |]-:RSKY 



6 1 



ican Geographical and Historical Societies and 
of the Royal Historical Society of London. 

General Strycker traveled extensively, both 
at home and abroad, and dispensed a gracious 
hospitality to Count de Paris and others, and 
was everywhere recognized as an American 
scholar and gentleman. He was modest and 
unassuming beyond most men, but was an 
accomplished officer and Christian gentleman. 
In both his military and civil relations he was 
alike honorable and honored. "None knew 
him but to love him, none named him but to 
praise." His abilities were of a high order, 
and he had a charm of manner and grace of 
bearing peculiarly his own. His high qualities, 
both of head and heart, his intellectual attain- 
ments and social elegance, marked him as one 
of Nature's noblemen, and when he passed 
away one of the highest types of American 
soldier, citizen and gentleman was lost. He 
was the very soul of probity and honor. lli> 
work is done, and it was well done, and his 
example remains as an inspiration and a hope. 

General Strycker married, September 14, 
1870, Helen Boudinot Atterbury, of New 
York, and their children are : Helen Boudinot, 
wife of John A. Montgomery, Esq.; Kathlyn 
Berrien and William Bradford. His wife and 
three children survived him. 

Dr. S. S. Strycker, now a prominent physi- 
cian in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is the son 
of Samuel Stanhope Strycker, the brother of 
Thomas Johnson Strycker, who, like his son. 
Dr. Strycker, was graduated at Princeton Uni- 
versity, and died in Trenton, New Jersey. Dr. 
Strycker belongs to all the great patriotic soci- 
eties : Colonial Wars, Sons of Revolution, 
■Holland Society, and the Netherland Society 
of Philadelphia, the two latter by virtue of his 
Dutch descent. He married Grace Bartlett, 
daughter of Abner liartlett. of New York, one 
of the trustees of the Astor estate. Dr. 
Strycker has one son, Abner Bartlett Strycker. 



(irover Cleveland, former 
CLEVELAND President of the United 

States, is a native of New 
Jersey, born in Caldwell, Essex county, March 
18, 1837, and comes of a notable ancestry. In 
their various generations several of his an- 
cestors were distinguished in military and pro- 
fessional life, and four Clevelands were gov- 
ernors of states — Chauncey Fitch Cleveland, 
of Connecticut ; Jesse F. Cleveland, of North 
Carolina : Alvin P. Hovey, of Indiana, and 
Grover Cleveland, the subject of this narrative. 
of New York. 



The Cleveland family traces its descent from 
line Thurkil, in all probability a Saxon land- 
lord, who about the time of the Norman con- 
(|uest assumed the surname De Cliveland, call- 
ing himself Thorkil De Cliveland, maintaining 
his familv seat in the county of York, England. 
From him was descentled the progenitor of the 
.American branch of the family, Moses (or 
Moyses) Cleveland (or Cleaveland), who was 
born probably in Ipswich, Suffolk county, Eng- 
land, whence he came to America about 1635, 
when a lad about twelve years of age. He 
landed at either l^lymonth or Boston, about 
fifteen years after the coming of the Pilgrims. 
He died in W'oburn, January 9. 1701-2. He 
married, at that place, 7 mo.. 26. 1648, Ann 
Winn, born about 1626. died prior to May 6. 
1682. One family tradition makes her a native 
of England, another of W'ales. Moses and 
.\nn Cleveland were the parents of twelve chil- 
dren. 

( II ) .\aron. son of Moses and Ann { Wimi ) 
Cleveland, was born in Woburn, Massachu- 
setts, January 10, 1654-5, and died there Sep- 
tember 14, 1716. He married there, 7 mo., 26, 
i()75. Dorcas Wilson, born January 29, 1657, 
died in Cambridge, November 29. 1714, daugh- 
ter of John and Hannah (James) Wilson. He 

married (second), 1714-15, Prudence . 

.\aron Cleveland served in King Philip's war, 
as did his brothers Moses and Samuel. He 
was made a freeman in 1680, and became a 
man of wealth and distinction, prominent in all 
public affairs. He gave to his children the best 
educational advantages of that day. 

( III ) Captain Aaron Cleveland. son of Aaron 
Cleveland, was born in Woburn, July 9, 1680, 
and (lied in that jiart of Cambridge called Mys- 
tic (now Medford), or at Norwich, Connecti- 
cut, about December i. 1755. He lived in Wo- 
burn to 1704, in Medford to 1710, in Charles- 
town to 1713, in Cambridge to 1716, in Med- 
ford again, in Charlestown again in 1738, and 
afterward in East Iladdam, Connecticut. He 
was admitted by profession and baptism to the 
church at Cambridge. (Jctober 7, 171 1, and 
transferred to Medford church, and to East 
Hacldam church .August 10, 1755. He was 
made constable March i, 1707-8. He was an 
iinikeejier at Cambridge, and was a builder and 
contractor, and a man of business ability. He 
held one slave, to whom he willed freedom 
■'after the decease of my beloved wife." He 
was a man of great stature and strength, and 
was prominent in military affairs, and was 
cornet, lieutenant and captain. He married, at 
Woburn, January i. 1701-2. Abigail Waters, 



62 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



born there Xovember 29, 1683, died January 
(k i/f)!, daughter of Samuel and Mary (Hud- 
son I Waters. They liad eight children. 

( I\ I Rev. .Aaron Cleveland, son of Captain 
Aamn and .Abigail (Waters) Cleveland, was 
cine (if the most distinguished clergymen of his 
day. lie was born (Jctober 19-2Q, 1715, and 
died in rhiladelphia. .August 11. 1757, in thf 
prime of his life. While Medford is generally 
given as his birthplace, both Charleston and 
Cambridge contend for the honor. He entered 
Marvard College at the age of sixteen, and 
graduated at the age of twenty. Where he 
studied theology is not knt)wn. lie settled in 
1739 at Haddam, and probably delivereil his 
first sermon there, being the third regular pas- 
tor. In 1750 he became a resident of Halifa.x, 
.Vova Scotia, where he established "Mather's 
Church," as it was known after the church 
division in Xew England, and this is notable 
as the first Presbyterian church in the British 
lower province. In the third year of his min- 
istry his brother. Captain .Samuel Cleveland, 
was killed by Indians. In 1754 he terminated 
his ministry, having became an adherent of the 
Church of Englanrl, and went to Xorwich. 
Connecticut, where his widowed mother died. 
Fde was invited to preach to Church of Eng- 
land congregations in Xorwich and Groton 
alternately, and consented to do so in the event 
of his procuring ordination. There being no 
bishoj) in .America, he sailed for England in 
1754 to take holy orders, and was ordauied 
jjriest by I'ishop Sherlock, of London, July 
28- 1755- In August following he sailed on 
his return voyage, and his vessel narrowly 
escaped loss by shipwreck on Xantucket .Shoals. 
Me landed at Halifax, wdience he went to Bos- 
ton and Xorwich, and finally to Delaware, 
blinding a ]5romising field at Xewcastle, in the 
latter colony, he was assigned to that parish. 
He ])rcachcd there once, and left to bring 
thither his family, passing through I'liiladel- 
phia, where he was entertained at the home of 
I'lcnjann'n I'Vanklin, whose esteem and friend- 
shi|) be ei.joyed. I lis death occurred in that 
home a few days later, .August II. 1757, due 
to a fever and an undermined constitution 
ascribable to injuries received in a fall on board 
ship at the time that shipwreck was imminent, 
as before narrated. He was buried in Christ 
Church graveyard. Philadelphia. He was an 
able and zealous ])reacher, and (to quote from 
I'Vankiin's Pcnnsyhania Gazette) "a gentle- 
man of humane and ]iious disjiosition, inde- 
fatigable in Iiis ministry, easy and affable in 
his conversation, open and sincere in his friend- 



ships, and above every species of meanness 
and dissimulation." He married, at Medford, 
.\ugnst 4, 1739, -Susannah Porter, born there 
.Ajjril 26, 1716, died at Salem, Massachusetts. 
Alarch 28, 1788. daughter of Rev. Aaron and 
.Susanna (Sewall) Porter, When her husband 
died she was left with ten children. 

( \ ) Rev. Aaron Cleveland, son of Rev. 
Aaron and .Susannah (Porter) Cleveland, was 
a man of remarkable gifts, and his career was 
of phenomenal usefulness. He was born in 
Medford. Massachusetts, 1738, and died in 
.\'ew Haven, Connecticut, September 21, 1815. 
In early boyhood he gave evidence of more 
than ordinary mental endowments, and was 
intended for college. His father dying and 
leaving but little lueans to his family, the lad 
w as ap])renticed to a hatter at Haddam. Dur- 
ing his apprenticeship he devoted himself 
closely to study during his leisure hours, and 
at the age of nineteen wrote a poem, "The 
Philosopher and the Boy," which was publish- 
ed in the Everest's "F'oets of Connecticut," 
1843. In .August, 1764, he was drafted for 
military service in the British army, and served 
for six months. .After coming of age he work- 
ed as a journeyman hatter at Norwich, in 
i7()8 went into the business on his own ac- 
count, at Hean Hill, Xorwich, and was subse- 
(luently in business at Guilford, Connecticut, 
for twenty-five years. He was a ready writer 
and strong controversialist, and early antag- 
onized human slavery. In 1773 he delivered a 
strong discourse upon the subject, based upon 
the scriptural passage, "Touch not mine an- 
nointed," being the first in Connecticut to pub- 
licly espouse the cause, and contributed copi- 
(wsly to the newspapers in advocacy of his 
views, and in 1780 wrote his "Poem Against 
Slavery," of which his descendants may be 
justly proud. In 1779 he was elected to the 
legislature, and introduced a bill for the aboli- 
tion of slavery. He declined a re-election. .An 
attendant of the Congregational church, he 
became a leader among the Universalists, but 
in 1792 changed his views as to religion, con- 
?iected himself with the Orthodox Congrega- 
tional (, liurch, studied theology with Walter 
King, of Xorwich. He was chosen deacon in 
1794. was licensed to preach in 1797. and went 
as a missionary to the new settlemnt in \'er- 
mont. He preached at Canaan, Xew Hampshire, 
1799: in 1800 settled at liraintree, \ermont ; 
was minister at Royaiton, N'ermont, for a year 
or two : and was pastor at Wethersfield, Con- 
necticut, Xovember. 1803, to October. 1804. 
In March of the vear of his death, he delivered 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



63 



two sermons which attracted marked attention, 
and were ])ubHshed both in the United States 
and England, ilis chief characteristics were 
ardent piety, great earnestness, sincere love of 
the truth, exuberant animal spirits, and a most 
ready wit. He married, at Norwich. Connecti- 
cut, April 12. 1768. Abiah Hyde, born in Nor- 
wich, December 27, 1749, or January 9. 1750. 
died at Norwich, August 23, 1788, only daugh- 
ter of Captain James and Sarah Marshall. He 
married (second), in Norwich, October 23. 
1788. Mrs. Elizabeth Clement Breed, widow 
(if David I'reed, and daughter of Jeremiah 
and Mary ( Closely > Clement. 

(\ I ) William Cleveland, son of Rev. Aaron 
and .Abiah ( Hyde ) Cleveland, was born in 
Xorwich, Connecticut, December 20, 1770, and 
died at Lilack Rock, near Bufifalo. New York, 
August 18, 1837. He was a master silversmith, 
watch and clock maker. He manufactured 
silver spoons of much beauty, each bearing 
upon the back the name "Cleveland," in bold 
handsome letters. Specimens still exist, and 
one was presented to his great-granddaughter 
Ruth, a daughter of former President Grover 
Cleveland. Soon after his marriage, Mr. 
Cleveland set up in business in Worthington. 
Massachusetts, whence he removed to Salem, 
and then to New York state. He was deacon 
in the Norwich church for twenty-five years, 
lie married, in Westfield, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 19, 1793, Margaret Falley, born in 
Westfield, November 15, 1766, died at lilack 
Rock, New York, .August 10, 1850, daughter 
of Richard and Margaret (Hitchcock) Falley. 
They had six children. 

(\'n) Rev. Richard Falley Cleveland, son 
of William and Alargaret (Falley) Cleveland, 
was born in Norwich, Connecticut! June 19, 
1804, and died at Holland Patent, New York. 
( )ctol)er I, 1853. He graduated from Yale 
College in 1824, and studied theology at Balti- 
more, Maryland, with Rev. Williatn Nivin, 
D. D., and afterward at Princeton Theological 
Seminary. In 1827 he was chosen as supply 
at Pom fret, Connecticut. He was ordained 
in 1828 minister of the First Congregational 
Church at Windham, Connecticut, and remain- 
ed there until 1833; minister at Portsmouth. 
\'irginia, 1833-35: pastor First Presbyterian 
Church, Caldwell, New Jersey, 1835-41 ; pastor 
First Presbyterian Church, Fayetteville, New 
York. 1841-47. In the latter year he was chosen 
district secretary and agent for the Presby- 
terian Board of Home Missions in New York 
State, residing in Clinton, Oneida county, and 
also preaching in that vicinity. After three 



years he was called to a church at Holland 
Patent, New York, where, after preaching 
one month, he died w'ithout an hour's warning, 
leaving his family in reduced circumstances, 
having throughout his life devoted his means 
to the education of his children. He was a 
man of more than ordinary ability, fine voice, 
bright mind and liberal ideas. He married, 
September 10, 1829, Ann Neal, in all respects a 
superior woman, born in Baltimore, Maryland. 
February 4. 1806, died at Holland Patent, New- 
York. July 19. 1882, daughter of Abner and 
Barbara (Reel) Neal. Her father w-as born 
in Ireland, and was a law book publisher; her 
mother was a (ierman Quakeress. To Rev. 
and Mrs. Cleveland were born nine children. 
One of the daughters. Rose Elizabeth, is a well 
known author and educator. She was educated 
at Houghton Seminary, Clinton, New York, 
and became a teacher in that institution ; and 
later had charge of a collegiate institution in 
Lafayette, Indianna. For a short time she was 
editor of Literary Life, a Chicago journal, and 
is author of "George Eliot's Poetry, and other 
.Studies." and a novel, "The Long Run." 

( \'11I ) Grover Cleveland, son of Rev. Rich- 
ard h'alley and Ann (Neal) Cleveland, was 
born March 18, 1837. in Caldwell, New Jersey, 
in a small two-story building which was the 
parsonage of the Presbyterian church of which 
his father was then pastor, and which is yet 
standing. He was named Stephen Grover, for 
his father's predecessor in the pastorate, but 
in childhood the first name was dropped. In 
1841, when he was three years old, his parents 
removed to Fayetteville, Onondaga county, 
New York, where he lived until he was four- 
teen, attending the district school and academy. 
He was of studious habits, and his frank open 
disposition made him a favorite with both his 
teachers and fellows. He left the academy 
before he could complete the course, and took 
employment in a village store, his wages being 
fifty dollars for the first and one hundred 
dollars for the second year, but soon after the 
beginning of the latter period he removed to 
Clinton. New York, whither his parents had 
jireceded him, and resumed studies at the 
academy in that village, with the intention of 
pre|)aring himself for admission to Hamilton 
College. The death of his father, however, 
disappointed this expectation, and made it 
necessary to enter upon self-support. He ac- 
cordingly accepted a position as bookkeeper 
and assistant teacher in the New York Insti- 
tution for the Blind, which he filled acceptably 
for a year. Starting west in search of more 



04 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



lucrative employment, with twenty-five dollars 
to defray his expenses, he stopped on the way 
at Buffalo, New York, to make a farewell visit 
to his uncle, Lewis F. Allen, a stock farmer. 
who induced him to remain and aid him in the 
compilation of "Allen's American Shorthorn 
Merd Book." In return he received the sum 
of fifty dollars, and with this aid he entered the 
law offices of Rogers, Bowen & Rogers, at 
P)Uft'alo, as a clerk and law student. His stud- 
ent life was one of arduous labor and rigorous 
econumy and self-denial. For a few months 
he ser\-ed without compensation, as a copyist, 
and then received a wage of four dollars a 
week. He lived at a modest hotel, took break- 
fast by candlelight, worked in the office the 
entire day, and did most of his law reading at 
night. He was admitted to the bar in 1859. 
Meantime his employers, recognizing his ability 
and fidelity, advanced him to a position of con- 
fidential and managing clerk, and in three 
years he had saved from his salary a thousand 
dollars. 

Mr. Cleveland's public life began in 186J5. 
when he was appointed assistant district at- 
torney for Erie county. A staunch Democrat 
from his first studies of .American history and 
politics, he had been a sturdy supporter of his 
party and an industrious party worker from 
the day in 1858 when he cast his first vote. In 
his first term in the office to which he was 
chosen, the Democrats were extremely desir- 
ous of carrying the board of supervisors, and 
looked to him as their promising candidate in 
the second ward of the city of Buffalo, which 
w^as Rc])ublican by a plurality of two hundred 
and fifty. He consented to accept the candi- 
dacy, made a vigorous canvass, and came 
within tJiirteen votes of election. He acquitted 
himself so well in his office, that at the expira- 
tion of his term he received the unanimous 
nomiation for district attorney. He had for 
his Republican ap])oncnt a warm personal 
friend, Lyman K. Piass, who was elected by a 
plurality of five hundred ; Mr. Cleveland, how- 
ever, polled more than his party vote in all the 
city wards. Retiring from office in January, 
1866, he formed a law partnership with Isaac 
\'. \'anderpocl, former state treasurer, luider 
the firm name of Vanderijoel & Cleveland. In 
1869 he became a member of the law firm of 
Laning, Cleveland & Folsom, his partners 
being Albert P. Laning, former state senator, 
and for years attorney for the Canada South- 
ern and the Lake Shore railways, and Oscar 
Folsom, former United States district attorney. 
During these, as in previous years, he sent the 



large portion of his earnings to his mother, to 
aid her in support of her family. In 1870 at 
the earnest solicitation of his party friends, 
and against his own earnestly expressed desire, 
he consented to become candidate for sheriff, 
and was elected after a stubbornly contested 
canvass. His official contluct was warmly ap- 
proved by the people. .\t the expiration of his 
term of office he resumed the practice of law, 
in association with Lyman K. Bass and Wilson 
S. Bissell. Mr. Bass retired in 1879 on account 
of ill health, the firm becoming Cleveland & 
I'.issell. In 1 881 George J. Sicard was ad- 
milted to partnership. During all these changes 
Mr. Cleveland shared in a large and lucrative 
business, while he iiad attracted the admiration 
of bench and bar for the care with which he 
prepared his cases and the ability and industry 
with which he contested them. 

In 1881 Mr. Cleveland was nominated for 
mayor of Buffalo on a platform advocating 
administrative reform and economy in munic- 
i])al expenditures, and was elected bv a i)Iural- 
ity of more than thirty-five hundred, the larg- 
est majority ever given a candidate for that 
office, and at an election where, although the 
Democrats carried their local ticket to success, 
the Republicans carried the city for their state 
ticket by more than one thousand plurality. 
His administration commanded unstinted ap- 
proval, for his courageous devotion to the 
interests of the people and his success in check- 
ing unwise, illegal and extravagant expendi- 
tures, saving to the city a million dollars in the 
first si.x months of his term, and he was a 
jiopular favorite as "The \'eto Mayor." He 
was now a state celebrity, and the convention 
of his party, held September 22, 1882, at Syra- 
cuse, nom'inated him for governor. He was 
elected over the Republican nominee, Charles 
J. Folger, by the tremendous plurality of 192,- 
854 — the largest plurality ever given a guber- 
natorial candidate in any state in the L^nion. 
.Among the chief acts of his administration 
were his a]5])roval of a bill to submit to the 
people a proposition to abolish contract prisoi'. 
labor : his veto of a bill permitting wide latitude 
to savings bank directors in investment of de- 
IMisits; his veto of a similar bill respecting in- 
surance companies; and his veto of a bill to 
establish a monopoly by limiting the right to 
construct certain street railways to companies 
heretofore organized, to the exclusion of such 
as should hereafter obtain the consent of prop- 
erty owners and local authorities. 

Mr. Cleveland was nominated for President 
by the Democratic national convention in Chi- 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



65 



cago, in July, 1884, receiving 683 votes out of 
a total of 820. His Republican opponent was 
Hon. James G. Blaine. The campaign was 
remarkable for the discussion of the personal 
characters and qualifications of the candidates, 
rather tiian political principles. At the election 
Mr. Cleveland received a majority of thirty- 
seven in the electoral college, and a majority in 
the popular vote of 23,cx)S, out of a total of 
10,067,610. At his inauguration, Alarch 4. 
1885. he delivered an admirable inaugural ad- 
dress, with flowing ease, and his modesty and 
sincerity impressed all hearers. He took his 
official oath upon a small morocco bound gilt- 
edged Bible, a gift from his mother when as a 
lad he first left home. Among the most im- 
portant acts of his administration was his pro- 
clamation of Alarch 13, 1885, for the removal 
of white intruders from Oklahoma, Indian 
Territory ; and, after the burning of Aspin- 
wall, Panama, by the revolutionists, March 31, 
1885, his ordering a naval expedition to pro- 
tect American persons and property. 

^Ir. ClevelantI was unanimously re-nomi- 
nated for IVesident in 1888, but was defeated 
by Benjamin Harrison, Republican, although 
his plurality in the popular vote was more than 
100.000. He then located in the city of New 
York and again took up his profession. In 
June, 1892. he was nominated a third time, by 
the Democratic national convention in Chicago, 
receiving on the first ballot 617 1-3 votes out of 
910, the nomination then being made unani- 
mous. At the election he defeated Benjamin 
Harrison by a plurality of 1 10 in the electoral 
college, and a plurality of 379.150 in the popu- 
lar vote. He was inaugurated March 4, 1893, 
in the presence of a vast multitude, in midst of 
a blinding snowstorm. The military and civic 
parade was more imposing than on any other 
similar occasion. His administration was 
marked by some most unusual features. His 
first important act was to call a special session 
of congress, August 7, 1893, and in pursuance 
of his recommendation was repealed the act of 
1890 calling for the monthly purchase of $4,- 
300,000 of silver bullion. In this he was op- 
posed by the silver wing of his party. Elected 
as he was on a tariff-reform platform, both 
houses of congress were in accord with him on 
that issue, and in 1894 was passed the Wilson 
bill, a tariff-for-revenue-oniy measure. The 
industrial and financial stagnation of that 
jieriod was ascribed by the Republicans as to 
this measure, while the free-silver Democrats 
attributed it in large degree to the repeal of the 
silver-purchase measure, and in November of 



the same year the Republicans won a protec- 
tive tariff victory, with the result that during 
the latter half of President Cleveland's admin- 
istration he had to deal with a Republican con- 
gress. He performed an invaluable service to 
law and order and protection to property by his 
firm stand with reference to the railroad riots 
in July, 1894, ordering United States troops to 
Chicago and other railroad centers to enforce 
the orders and processes of the federal courts, 
and to prevent interference with inter-state 
commerce and the transmission of the United 
States mails. On January i, 1895, he appoint- 
ed, with the consent of the senate, the com- 
mission to inquire into the Venezuelan bound- 
ary. During the insurrection in Cuba he took 
strong measures against the violation of the 
neutrality laws. In February, in order to pre- 
serve the national credit, he ordered an issue 
of four per cent, thirty year bonds to the 
amount of $62,000,000. May 29th he vetoed 
the river and harbor bill calling for an immedi- 
ate expenditure of $17,000,000, and authoriz- 
ing contracts for the further sum of $62,000,- 
000, but the bill was passed over his veto. In 
summer of the same year he received the sig- 
nal compliment of being chosen as arbitrator 
in the dispute between Italy and Colombia, 
in which the former claimed large pecuniary 
damages for injuries sustained by Italians dur- 
ing the revolution of 1885. Late in 1S95, '" 
his annual message he recommended a general 
reform of banking and currency laws, and ac- 
complished the settlement of the Venezuelan 
boundary, the treaty being signed February 2, 
1896. In the latter year he issued an order 
under which thirty thousand additional posts 
in the civil service were placed under restric- 
tions formulated by the board of civil service 
commissioners. In the same year he sent Gen- 
eral Fitzhugh Lee to Havana as consul-general 
— an appointment which was approved by the 
great mass of Union veterans almost as heart- 
ily as it was by the ex-Confederates. On June 
16, 1896, he issued an open letter condemn- 
ing the free-silver movement, and approving 
the principles of the Gold Wing of the Demo- 
cratic party, a document which had a salutary 
and far-reaching eft'ect. Before the expiration 
of his official term he had the great pleasure 
of witnessing the execution of a treaty between 
the United States and Great Britian providing 
for the establishment of an international tri- 
bunal of general arbitration. 

One of President Cleveland's last public ap- 
pearances before retiring from his high office, 
was the delivery of an address at the sesquicen- 



66 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



tennial celebration of Princeton College, which 
then took on iti more appropriate title of Uni- 
versity. Shortly afterward he purchased a 
home in the town of Princeton, and where his 
first son was borr. Known as a polished and 
forceful writer, Mr. Cleveland's most import- 
ant i^apers have been widely published. His 
Annual Message of 1887 was issued in a sump- 
tuous edition dc luxe, illustrated by the famous 
artist, Thomas Nast. An important compila- 
tion of his utterances was made by Francis 
Gottsberger, of New York, under the title, 
"Principles and Purposes of Our Form of 
Government, as Set Forth in Public Papers of 
Grover Cleveland," and George F. Parker 
selected and edited a volume, "Writings and 
Speeches of Grover Cleveland." In 1904 ap- 
peared "Presidential Problems," a volume of 
essays by Mr. Cleveland, two of which were 
originally delivered at Princeton University, 
the others being articles which had their origi- 
nal appearance in leading magazines. 

Mr. Cleveland was of striking personality, 
commanding respect and confidence under all 
circumstances and before all manner of assem- 
blages. Physically of large and powerful 
frame, in motion he was deliberate and firm, 
yet without slowness. In manner and voice he 
was genial and agreeable. Broad minded and 
liberal in thought, he was tolerant and charitable. 
In religion he was a man of conscience rather 
than of set creed. .\11 his personal habits were 
luarked by Democratic simplicity, and totally 
devoid of ostentation. After his retirement 
from the loftiest place open to an American, 
he steadily grew in the regard and afl?ection of 
the people, while publicists and political stu- 
dents are only beginning to adequately measure 
the wisdom and beneficence which were the 
characteristics of his public career. He died 
lime 24, 1908. 

In the second year of his first presidential 
term, Jiuie 2, 1886, President Cleveland was 
married to Miss Frances F'olsom, the ceremony 
being performed by Rev. Byron .Sunderland. 
D. D., in the P)lue Room in the White House. 
Of this marriage were born : Ruth, in the 
city of New York, October 3, 1891 ; Esther 
C, in Washington City (the first child ever 
born in the White House), September 9, 1893 ; 
Maria C. at "Gray Gables," Buzzards' Bay, 
Barnstable county, Massachusetts, July 7, 
1895 • Rie'hard Folsom, at Westland, Prince- 
ton, New Jersey, October 28, 1897. 

Mrs. Cleveland was born in Buffalo, New 
York, July 21, 1864, only daughter of Oscar 
and Emma Cornelia (Harmon) Folsom, her 



father being a distinguished lawyer. Her 
family, Folsom, is descended from the same 
family with John F'oulsham, D. D., of Fols- 
ham, England, died 1348. The family seat 
name appears in Domesday Book, and in the 
various forms of Foulshame, or Foulsham 
(signifying fowl's home, or mart), twenty 
miles north of Hingham, Norfolk county, 
where Dr. John Foulsham was prior of the 
Carmelite Monastery. The family line runs 
as follows: i. Roger Foulsham, of Necton, 
Norfolk county, England, will dated 1534. 2. 
William (2), married Agnes Smith, alias 
Foulsham, of Besthorpe. 3. Adam, of 

Besthorpe, married Emma . 4. Adam, 

baptized 1560, died 1630; had home in Hing- 
ham, and lands in Besthorpe ; married Grace 

. 5. Adam, of Hingham, died 1627; 

married Agnes . 6. John, born 1614; 

baptized at Hingham, 1615; came to America 
in ship "Diligence," of Ipswich, John Martin, 
master, sailing from mouth of the Thames on 
April 26, 1638, with wife and two servants; 
landed in Boston. 7. John, born 1638; fre- 
quently member of general assembly; married 
Abigail Perkins, daughter of Abraham Per- 
kins, of Hampton, New Hampshire. 8. Abra- 
ham, died about 1740. 9. Daniel, of Exeter, 
New Hampshire. 10. Abraham. 11. Asa. 12. 
Colonel John Folsom, of Folsomdale. Wyom- 
ing county. New York; died 1886. 13. Oscar 
Folsom, of Buffalo, died 1875 ; married Cor- 
nelia Harmon, daughter of Deacon Elisha 
Harmon, descended in the seventh generation 
from John Harmon, of Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, 1644. Florence, daughter of Oscar and 
Emma Cornelia (Harmon) F'olsom, became 
the wife of Grover Cleveland. 



This family, through the 
SCUDDER Throckmortons, descended 
from four barons, who sign- 
ed the Magna Charta, and from Edward I. 

(I) Thomas Scudder emigrated to America 
from Eondon, England. In 1635 is at Salem, 
Massachusetts, where he lived until his death 
in 1658. His will, dated 1657, names wife 
IClizabeth, John (2), Thomas, Henry, Eliza- 
beth, and his grandson Thomas, son of his son 
William. His wife died in 1666. 

(II) John, son ofThtmias Scudder. removed 
in 165 1 from Salem to Southold, Long Island, 
thence to Huntington in 1657, and before 1660 
is found at Newtown, Long Island, promi- 
nently engaged in affairs. He married, in 1642, 
Mary, born in 1623, in England, eldest daugh- 
ter of William and Dorothy King. Their chil- 




^^uLla^^tJ- ^^^ O C^<^t-cl- 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



67 



(Iren were: Samuel, John, born 1645; ^I'lry, 
baptized June 11, 1648; Elizabeth, baptized 
March, 1649 ; married John Albartus ; Hannah. 

(III) John (2), son of John (i) Scudder, 
born 1645, lived in Newtown, Long Island. 
His wife Joanna, whom he married in 1669, 
was the third daughter of Captain Richard 
lletts of the same place. Children: Richard 
Belts, John, and probably others. 

(IV) Lieutenant Richard Betts, son of John 
(2) Scudder, was born at Newtown, Long 
Island. In 1709 he came to Ewing township. 
He is the ancestor of the families of this name 
in Trenton and Ewing. His property on the 
Delaware river, known as "Scudder Falls," is 
still in the possession of his lineal descendants. 
His deeds for this land were, one from John 
Hutchinson, the other from John Brierly, both 
originally to Thomas Hough, of Springfield, 
Burlington county, bearing date 16-6 and con- 
veyed in 1709 to Richard B. Scudder. He died 
March 14, 1754, aged eighty-three years, 
twenty years after his wife Hannah, daughter 
of Joseph Stillwell. Their children were: 
Hannah, Mary, Richard, John, Abigail, Joseph, 
Samuel, Rebecca, Joanna and Deborah, mar- 
ried John Hart, the signer of the Declaration 
of Independence. Lieutenant Richard Betts 
Scuilder commanded a section of New Jersey 
militia in an expedition to Canada in 171 1. 
The commission is in the possession of the 
family. His name is mentioned frequently in 
charters, etc., and heads the list of grantees to 
the land on which the Presbyterian church at 
Ewing was built. 

(\') John (3), son of Richard Betts Scud- 
der, died May 10, 174S, aged forty-seven. His 
wife Phebe, daughter of Daniel Howell, died 
January 31, 1787, aged eighty-nine. Their chil- 
dren were: Daniel, born August 6, 1736; Pru- 
dence, April 30, 1738; Amos, February 14, 
1739, died August 11, 1824; Jedediah, 1742; 
Jemima, 1744; Ephraim, 1747, died aged 
twenty-eight ; Keturah. 

(VI) Daniel, son of John (3) Scudder, 
trustee of the Ewing Presbyterian church, died 
in 181 1, aged seventy-five. Alary Snowden, 
his wife, of Burlington county, died 1798, aged 
si.xty, leaving children as follows : Rachel, 
Kesiah, Abner and Elias. 

(VII) Elias, son of Daniel Scudder, died 
June 20, 181 1. His wife Sarah, daughter of 
Jasper Smith, died in 1858, aged eighty-four. 
Children : Daniel, a lawyer ; Jasper Smith, 
John and Abner, who died in 1878. 

(VIII) Jasper Smith, son of Elias Scud- 
der, died (October 20, 1877, aged eighty. His 



wife, Mary Stillwell, daughter of .\mos 
Reeder and Mary Stillwell, bore him children: 
Daniel, died young; Edward \V., Christiana, 
wife of Judge William R. Mcllvaine. He was 
the first president of the Trenton Mechanics 
and Manufacturers Bank. 

( IX) JusticeEdward Wallace Scudder, was of 
Jasper Smith Scudder, was born at Scudder's 
Falls, August II, 1822, died in Trenton, New 
Jersey, 1893. He prepared at Lawrenceville 
Academy, Princeton, 1841. Studied law with 
William L. Dayton, Trenton. Attorney, 1844. 
President of New Jersey Senate in 1865 ; 1869 
was appointed justice of the supreme court of 
this state, which office he held until his death. 
Princeton, LL. D. in 1880. For twenty years 
he was trustee of Princeton Theological Semi- 
nary. He was a Presbyterian and a Democrat. 
He married, in 1848, Mary Louisa, daughter 
of George King Drake, Morristown, New Jer- 
sey, justice of New Jersey supreme court, and 
Mary Ailing (Halsey) Drake, of New York, 
(leorge King Drake was son of Colonel Jacob 
I )rake. ( See below). 

(X) Wallace Mcllvaine, son of Justice 
Edward W'allace Scudder, of the supreme 
court of New Jersey, and Mary Louise Drake, 
his wife, was born December 26, 1853. in 
Trenton, New Jersey. He was surrounded 
from infancy with culture and refinement. His 
father held the high respect of the people 
among whom he lived, not only for his loyal 
legal attainments and statesmanlike qualities, 
but also for his high character and personal 
worth. His mother possessed much dignity 
and presided over a home which dispensed a 
gracious hospitality. The education of the 
family was a matter of careful consideration, 
and he went to the State Model School, pre- 
paratory to entering Lehigh University, from 
which he graduated in 1873 with the degree 
of mechanical engineer, afterwards commenc- 
ing the study of law with Garett D. W' . Vroom. 
He attended Harvard Law School, after which 
he entered the office of John R. Emery. He 
was admitted to the bar in 1877, practiced in 
Newark until 1883, at which date he started 
in Newark the Ez'cniiig Ncics as editor and 
publisher, which paper rapidly attained large 
circulation and usefulness. He served a term 
in the Newark board of education, but since 
beginning his newspaper work has had no 
political connection and refused all political 
position or preferment. The Essex Club. Auto- 
mobile Club. Essex County Country Club, Mor- 
ris County Golf Club, and the New Jersey 
Historical Society claim him as a member. Of 



68 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



the latter useful and flourishing organization 
he is vice-president. His family attend Trin- 
ity Episcopal Church of Newark, of which he 
is a vestryman. 

Mr. Scudder and Ida. daughter of James M. 
and Phebe (Swazy) Quinby, were married 
October 21, 1880, in Newark. Their children 
are: Edward Wallace Scudder, married Kath- 
erine C. Hollifield, and .\ntoinette Quinby 
Scudder. He married (second) April 17, 
1906. in New York, (iertrude W'itherspoon. 



Colonel Jacob Drake, born April 21, 1732, 
in Piscataway, New Jersey, died SeiJtem- 
ber, 1823, at Morristown. He commanded 
Western Battalion New Jersey Militia during 
revolution. Member of committee of cor- 
respondence and safety, and of first New 
Jersey assembly. He was also a member of 
the convention to approve the state constitu- 
tion in 1776. (Morrison Records, Officers and 
Men of New Jersey in the Revolution). His 
mother was Esther Dickerson, daughter of 
Captain Peter Dickerson, who fought with 
New Jersey troops at Trenton, Princeton, 
Monmouth and Long Island, and his wife, 
Ruth (Coe) Dickerson. Through his mother, 
Wallace Mcllvaine Scudder is descended from 
the Halseys, Elys, Reeves, Coes, Dodges, Per- 
kins, Chatfields, Rev. F"rancis Higginson, of 
Salem, etc. 

Peter Dickerson, born 1724, at Hempstead 
or Southold, Long Island, died May 10, 1780, 
at Morristown, New Jersey. Member of first 
provincial congress May, 1775. Captain Fifth 
Company, Third Battalion, First Establish- 
ment, I'-ebruary 7, 1776. (Stryker's Officers 
and Men of New Jersey in the Revolution). 

Mary Ailing Halsey, wife of George King 
Drake, was the daughter of Jacob and Jemima 
Cook, son of Elihu and Elizabeth Ely, son of 
Recompense and Hannah Jaggers. son of 
Nathaniel and .Anna Stansborough. 

William Ely. born at Plymouth, England, 
1646, lived in Massachusetts 1647, died 1717 
at Lyme, Connecticut. He was deputy 1697- 
98-1700-06; commissioned captain May, 1697. 

Ricliard P'ly. born 1685, at Lyme, Connecti- 
cut, died 1761. He was captain in French 
war at the siege of Louisburg, 1745. 

William Ely, born at Lyme, Connecticut, 
17 1 5, died 1802 at Livingston. New York. He 
served as captain in the Third Connecticut 
Militia. 

Anna Stansborough was the daughter of 
Josiah Stansborough and /Xnna Chatfield, 



daughter of Thomas Chatfield and Anna Hig- 
ginson. daughter of Rev. Francis Higginson, 
who was born in England, 1580. In Ma.ssa- 
chusetts Colony, 1620. He died 1630 at Salem, 
lie was one of the founders of Massachusetts 
P)ay Colony. Preacher of election sermons. 
( See Log Book of Mayflower). 

(Memorandii of Alliances i. 

(Betts). Joanna, wife of John Scudder (HIj 
was the daughter of Captain Richard Betts, 
born 1613 in Hemel Hempstead, Herts, Eng- 
land, and resided in the Province of New 
\'<irk from 1648 to 1713. He died November 
18. 1713, at Newtown, Long Island. He was 
a member of the provincial assembly, 1663, 
high sherift" of Kings county, New York, mem- 
ber of the high court of assize, then the 
supreme power of the land, and in 1665 dep- 
uty to form the duke's laws. (Annals of New- 
town). 

(Stillwell). Hannah Reeder, wife of Rich- 
ard Betts .Scudder, was the granddaughter of 
Joseph Stillwell and Mary Ggborne. Joseph, 
son of John and Mercy Burras, son of Thomas 
and Alice Throckmorton, son of Richard and 
Mary Holmes, son of Nicholas and Abjgail 
Hop'ton. (Osborne) Mary, daughter of John 
and Mary Stillwell, daughter of Gershom and 
Elizabeth (jrover. Gershom, son of Nicholas 
and Mary Moore, son of Nicholas and Cata- 
lyntjey Huyberts, married November 6, 1671. 

Nicholas Stillwell, born in 1636 at Holland, 
lived in the colony of New York from 1638 to 
171 5. He died 1715 at Gravesend, New York, 
lie was justice of the West Riding of York- 
shire, justice of the (|uorum, high sheriff of 
Kings county in 1691 and a member of the 
first colonial assembly. 

Nicholas (2), born in England, lived in New 
York colony from 1638 to 1671. He died at 
Dover, Staten Island. December 28, 167 1. He 
was lieutenant of forces in the Indian wars of 
1644 and 1663. 

Richard, born 1634 in Holland. In the 
Province of New York from 1638 to 1689, 
the date of his death at Dover, Staten Island. 
He was captain in i(^7^ of the Kings county 
militia and justice of West Riding. 

Thomas, captain of militia, born December 
4. 1666, at Gravesend. Long Island. Lived in 
the colony of New York from t666 to 1758, 
the date of his death at Middletown. New 
Jersey. 

Joseph, born Sejitember 28, 1730, Middle- 
town. Monmouth county. New Jersey, is found 
in the province of New York from 1739 to- 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



69 



1805, dying un the 8th of March of that year 
at Middletown. He filled the position of judge 
in Monmouth county, representative for 
eighteen years, and a captain in the revolu- 
tionary war, 1776. He was ordered to con- 
tinue to guard the coast of New Jersey as cap- 
tain of a company. (See Stillwell Family and 
.Archives of Xew Jersey). 

(Howell) Phebe, wife of John Scudder(V), 
was the daughter of Daniel Howell, son of 
Richard and Elizabeth Halsey, son of Edward 
and I-'rances. 

Edward Howell, born at Marsh Gibbon. 
England, resided in colony of Massachusetts 
and Connecticut, 1639 to 1653, and died that 
year in Southampton. He was assistant 1647- 
51, representative at Hartford 1650-51-52. 
(See HowelTs History of Southampton). 

(Throckmorton) John, born 163 1 in England, 
was in Massachusetts and Rhode Island from 
1638 to 1687, the date of his death. He signed 
agreement for form of government, 1640, 
moderator, 1652, original proprietor of Provi- 
dence plantation, general assembly 1664 to 

John (2), born in Massachusetts or Rhode 
Island, resided also in Middletown, New Jer- 
sey, from 1669 to 1690, the date of his death. 
He was justice, 1675, of Monmouth county, 
deputy 1671-73-75-77. (See Town Records of 
Middletown and Austin's Gen. Die. of Rhode 
Island). 

(Grover) Elizabeth, wife of Gershom Still- 
well, was the daughter of Joseph and Hannah 
Lawrence, daughter of William, son of James. 
born in England, died 1686 at Middletown 
New Jersey: lieutenant. 1676, judge of Mon- 
mouth county, de]nity to treat with the admi- 
rals and commanders-in-chief of the fleet 
belonging to the states general of Orange. 
-August 3. 1676. (See Saltar's History of 
Mimmouth ). 



The name Linn is of Celtic origin 
LINN and is older than the Christian era. 

We may trace it to the Greek word 
signifying a depression containing water, and 
having a counterpart in the Welsh glyn, the 
Gaelic gleann and the .Anglo-Saxon and Eng 
lish glen. In the gradual evolution of language 
the G in the word was dropped and we have 
the Welsh Llyn and the Gaelic Linne. The 
Gaelic language includes the Erse or Highland 
Scotch and the Irish languages. Historians 
and philologists tell us that the city of London 
derived its name early in the Christian era 
from the word Lin. a body of f|uiet water, and 



Dun, a fortified wall on its banks, and hence 
is defined "the fort by the lake." Sir Walter 
Scott, in "Old Mortality," in chapter xlii, 
near the end, puts these words in the answer 
of the woman : "An awsome place as ever 
living creatures took refuge in. They ca' it the 
Black Linn of Lenklater." In the next chapter 
we find "If he wad please gang to the Linn," 
and "When grannie sends me milk and meal 
to the Linn." Campbell, the Scotch bard, en- 
titles one of his poems "Cora Linn, or the Falls 
of the Clyde." Hence we have a right to 
claim for Scotland the early use of the name 
as a family cognomen, to people who dwelt 
near turbulent waters, foaming cataracts, pre- 
cipitous, craggy mountains or gloomy caverns. 
In the current of migration that followed the 
bitter struggle between the factions of Prot- 
estantism and Catholicism, that procured for 
the {)ages of history the memorable siege of 
Londonderry, the battle of Boyne, and the 
flight of Kiiig James to the south of Ireland, 
and thence to France, flowed the bone and 
sinew of Scotland. 

The followers of the Prince of Orange were 
in possession of the North of Ireland. The 
lands that fell into the hands of the conquerors 
were parceled among his followers and a de- 
mand for sturdy tillers of the soil, artisans and 
tradesmen became known in Scotland and the 
demand was speedily filled. Scotch blood and 
brawn carrying with them the Protestant relig- 
ion, changed the North of Ireland into a Prot- 
estant stronghold and A new race, the Scotch- 
Irish came from the intermingling. Among 
these migrants were the Linns. They took up 
farms and made themselves homes on the 
northeast side of the province of L'lster in 
county Down, near Newry. During the Amer- 
ican revolution thousands of Scotch-Irish came 
to America and settled in New York, New 
Jersey and Pennsylvania, and among these 
immigrants we first find the clan Linn. They 
were mostly learned men. and took place among 
the educators of the period and preachers of 
the gospel, after the form that had cost them 
persecution and voluntary abandonment of 
their homes. Foes of the English Church and 
of Catholicism, they welcomed the outcome of 
the revolution as an era of Protestant rule on 
the Northern Continent of America, and 
hastened to take part in the greater reforma- 
tion. They were followers of the Covenanters, 
the Puritans and the Huguenots into a new 
and, as it appeared, to the God-given heritage. 

Pennsylvania became the home of the larger 
numbers bearing the name of Linn. The Linns 



70 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



of Pennsylvania are largely represented in the 
matriculates and graduates of Union College, 
(now Union University), Schenectady, New 
York, and in the College of New Jersey, 
Princeton, now Princeton University, and 
Columbia, formerly King's College, New York 
City, notable examples being: William (3), 
grandson of William (i), the immigrant in 
1732, and son of William ( 2 ) Linn, who was a 
native of the North of Ireland, the father and 
son settling in the township of Luzerne, Cum- 
berland county, Pennsylvania, in 1732. 

William (3) was born in Shijipensburg, 
Pennsylvania, February 27, 1752, graduated 
at the College of New Jersey, A. B., 1772; 
A. ]\L. 1775; chaplain in the American army 
in the revolution : pastor of the I'resbyterian 
Church at Big Spring, Pennsylvania ; Eliza- 
beth, New Jersey; the Collegiate Dutch Re- 
formed Church, New York City; president, 
pro tempore, Rutgers College, 1791-94; regent 
of the I'niversity of the State of New York, 
1787-1808 : chaplain of the L'nited States House 
of Representatives, 1789-QI, and elected presi- 
dent of Union College but not inaugurated. He 
married Rebecca, daughter of Rev. John Blair, 
vice-president of the College of New Jersey, 
and his son, John Blair Linn ( 1777-1804) was 
graduated at Columbia A. B., 1795; A. AL, 
1797; honorary .\. AL Union College, 1797; 
law student under General .Alexander Hamil- 
ton ; pastor of Dutch Reformed Church in 
Schenectady, 1797-99: of the First Presbyte- 
rian Church, Philadelphia. 1799-1804. 

His second son, William ( 1790-1876), ma- 
triculated at L'nion College in class of 1808, 
lawyer in Ithaca, New York, and author of 
"Life of Thomas JetTcrson" (1834). and of 
law books. 

John Blair and Esther ( liailey ) Linn's eld- 
est son, John Blair (2) graduated at Union 
College, class of 1820, lived in Plattsburg, 
New York, and his son, John 1*"., married Mar- 
garet Irvine Wilson, and their son. John Blair 
Linn (3) was graduated at Marshall College, 
Pennsylvania, A. 1'.., 1848: A. M. and LL. B.. 
185 1 : was a lawyer in Lewi.sburg, Pennsyl- 
vania: a lieutenant in the civilWar: secretary 
of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 1873- 
79; joint author of the "Pennsylvania 
.Archives," and died in BelU'tontaiiie. Pennsyl- 
vania. Jainiary i, 1899. 

His cousin, John Blair Linn (4), of Schenec- 
tady, was a non-graduate of Union College of 
the class of 1852, and was a clergyman resid- 
ing in Key West, Morida. in 1895. Another 
cousin, William, was a member of the class of 



1847, Union College, and died in Schenectady 
in 1844, during his sophomore year. 

There is no doubt that the immigrant Will- 
iam and his son William, in 1732, were of 
the same family that sent forth Joseph and 
Alexander Linn, who were the progenitors" of 
the Linns of New Jersey. Alexander was a 
resident of Somerset county, and was there 
known as Judge Alexander Linn, who had a 
son John, ( 1750-1821 ), A. B., College of New 
Jersey, 17(59; A. M., 1772; major m Colonel 
Sterling's regiment Somerset militia,. 1776; 
deputy to the New Jersey legislature, 1776, 
and resigned his command as lieutenant-colonei 
in the New Jersey militia, June 28, 1781. He 
was the Democratic representative from New 
Jersey in the sixth United States congress, 
1799-1801, and had the opportunity of giving 
the casting votes of New Jersey delegates to 
Thomas Jefferson for president of the United 
.States in 1801. He served as supervisor of 
internal revenue by appointment of President 
Jefferson, 1801-05, and was secretary of state 
of New Jersey, 1805-20. 

(I) Joseph, brother of Judge Alexander 
I^inn, of Somerset county, New Jersey, was 
born in 1725. in the North of Ireland, and 
about 1750 married Martha, daughter of An- 
drew Kirkpatrick, the immigrant, who migrated 
from his home at I'rattics Beach, Dumfries, 
Scotland, with his sons, John and David, and 
his daughters, Martha and Elizabeth, with his 
brother Alexander and family, and located in 
Belfast, Ireland, in 1725, and in 1736 embarked 
for America, landing at New Castle, Delaware, 
and thence making the journey mostly on foot 
to Mine Run or Aline Brook. Basking Ridge, 
.\'ew Jersey, which place they made their per- 
manent home. The name is prominent in the 
history of the Presbyterian church in Basking 
Ridge and in the affairs of the government of 
the state of New Jersey and of the United 
-States, both judicial and legislative. 

Andrew, grandson of .Alexander and grand- 
nephew of .Andrew Kirkijatrick, the immigrant, 
was horn in Aline Brook, February 17, 1756, 
son (if David and Alary (AIcEwen) Kirk- 
])atrick and grandson of .Alexander. He was 
graduated in the College of New Jersey, A. B., 
1775: .\. AI., 1778: studied theology and then 
law an<l practiced law in Alorristown, New- 
Jersey, and subsetiuently in New Brunswick, 
New Jersey. He was a member of the New 
Jersey assembly, 1798; judge of the supreme 
court of the state, 1798-1803, and was chief 
justice, 1803-24; was curator of the College of 
.New Jersey, 1807-30. and died in New Bruns- 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



71 



wick, January 7, 1831. He married, in 1792, 
Jane, daughter of Colonel John and ^^largaret 
(Hodge) Bayard, and their son, John Bayard 
Kirkpatrick, married Margaret \Veaver, lived 
in Washington, District of Columbia, and their 
son, Andrew, was graduated at Union College 
A. B., 1863; honorary A. M., College of New 
Jersey. 1872. and admitted to the bar of New 
Jersey in 1886; was presiding judge of Essex 
county court of common pleas, 1885-96, and 
United States judge for the district of New 
Jersey from 1896. 

Littleton Kirkpatrick (1797-1859), son of 
Judge Andrew and Jane (Bayard) Kirkpatrick, 
College of New Jersey, A. B., 1815, was a 
lawyer in New Brunswick. New Jersey ; a 
Democratic representative from the Fourth 
District of New Jersey in the Twenty-eighth 
Congress, 1843-45: and surrogate of Middle- 
sex county for five years. 

Joseph Linn, after his marriage to Martha 
Kirkpatrick, lived first in Hunterdon county. 
New Jersey, thence to Johnsonbury, in Hard- 
wick, Warren county, and finally settled in Har- 
mony \'ale, .Sussex county, where he died April 
8, 1800, and where his wife, Martha, died March 
7, 1791. The children of Joseph and ^L1rtha 
( Kirkpatrick ) Linn., were born in Hunterdon, 
Warren and Sussex counties, New Jersey, and 
the personal history of each is briefly narrated 
as follows : 

1. Alexander, December 6, 1753. He mar- 
ried Hannah .Armstrong and they had seven 
children. The father died in 1796 and the 
mother August 26, 18 18. Their seven chil- 
dren were: Sarah, born March 10, died 1787: 
John, July 18, 1781 ; Mary, July i, 1783: .An- 
drew. September 29, 1785; Euphaney, March 
26, 1788: George, December 26, 1792, married 
Elizabeth (iibson: Josej^h, .August 16, 1795. 
.Alexander Linn was at one time a successful 
farmer in Hardwick. near Xewton, Warren 
county, .\'ew Jersey. He was also a merchant 
iiavitig an iiiterest in a general country store. 
Later in life he removed to Trenton, where he 
died in 1796, and his wife and children removed 
to Crawford county, Pennsylvania. 

2. David, lived in Hardwick townshij), five 
miles from Newton, where he had a farm. 
He was quartermaster of a regiment sent out 
to (|uell the "Whiskey Boys." He married 
Sarah, daughter of Colonel .Aaron Hankin- 
son. and they had children : .Alexander. Mat- 
tie. I'lilly, Margaret. .Aaron. Nancy. .Sarah and 
Eliza. David Linn, the father of these chil- 
dren, died, and his widow married John 
Smalley. 



3. .Andrew, born in 1755, studied medicine 
with Dr. Samuel Kennedy, and in the war of 
the revolution was adjutant of the Second 
Sussex Regiment. He married, January 29, 
1785, .Ainie. daughter of Richard Carnes, of 
Bladensburg, Maryland. She was born Janu- 
ary 29, 1765, and had seven children. Andrew 
Linn died in Newton, New Jersey, .April, 1799, 
antl his widow, June 3. 1845. Children of An- 
drew and .Amie ( Carnes ) Linn : i. Rol>ert .An- 
drew, born January 29, 1787, went south on 
reaching his majority and while in Texas joined 
an expedition conducted by General Jose P'edros 
(iuitane in aitl of the Mexican independence in 
1812. He was in New Orleans in January, 
1815, and witnessed the battle of New Orleans, 
January 8, 1815, when General Jackson de- 
feated the British army. He came north in 
1818 and settled in Hamburg, Sussex county, 
where he married Elizabeth, daughter of Mar- 
tin and Rhoda (Hull) Ryerson, who was born 
December 10, 1791, and died January 2, 1868. 
The Ryerson family descended from Martin 
Ryerson, the Flatbush, Long Island immigrant, 
who came from .Amsterdam, Holland. The 
thirteen children of Robert Andrew and Eliza- 
beth ( Ryerson ) Linn were born as follows : 
Robert, .\oveniber 2, 1817, died November, 
1838: -Anna Mary, January 2T,. 1819, died July, 
1876: David Ryerson, December 29, 1820, died 
September. 1875 ; Thomas Ryerson, Septem- 
ber 5. 1822, died November, 1867: William .A., 
.August 28, 1824. died November, 1826; James 
.M.. July 17, 1826, died .August, 1827; Henry, 
.November 17, 1827, died January, 1828; 
Louisa, November 25, 1828. died August, 1829; 
Theodore .Andrew, October 20, 1830, died Sep- 
tember, 1852: Martha E., February 2, 1833; 
Helen, July 10, 1834, died September, 1834; 
.Margaret .Anderson, July 15, 1837, died Sep- 
tember, 1837. ii. Joseph, second cliild of An- 
drew and .Anne (Carnes) Linn, died in infancy, 
iii. Margaret Gaston, third child of Andrew 
and .Anne (Carnes ) Linn, born January 19, 1790, 
married William T. .Anderson, born in Newton, 
New Jersey, 1777, was graduated at the Col- 
lege of New Jersey in 1796. admitted to the 
Sussex bar in 1800 and practiced his profession 
in Newton, where he distinguished as a lawyer 
and in various offices of trust in the county of 
Susse.x, New Jersey. William T, and Mar- 
garet Gaston (Linn) .Anderson had thirteen 
children, iv. David Ryerson, fourth child of 
-Andrew and .Anne ( Carnes) Linn, born in 1791. 
He was a surveyor and, on discovering that 
much of the wild land of Sussex county had 
no owners, he purchased large tracts from the 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



state at low rates and this property in his 
hands became very valuable. He was a mem- 
ber of the New Jersey council, 1830-35 ; presi- 
dent of the Sussex County Bank, 1831-35, and 
was classed as one of the most influential citi- 
zens of Sussex county, v. Thomas Carnes, fifth 
child of Andrew and .Anne ( Carnes ) Linn, 
died young, vi. Alexander, sixth child of 
Andrew and .\nne (Carnes) Linn, born .Au- 
gust 21, 1797, married Rachel . vii. 

.Niartha, seventh child of Andrew and .Anne 
(Carnes) Linn, born August 12, 1799, mar- 
ried (first) Hugh Taylor, of Georgia, (second) 
Richard R. Morris, of New Jersey, and died 
May 30, 1880. 

4. Margaret, married Joseph Gaston, wlio 
was of Irish descent and came to New Jersey 
from Pennsylvania and served during the 
,-American Revolution as paymaster of the 
Sussex militia. He died in Sussex county, 
New Jersey, in 1804, aged si.xty-five years. 

5. Mary. 

6. .Ainie. married lacob Hull and died in 

•837- 

7. Martha, married (first) Isaac Shaffer, 
(second) a Mr. de Munn. 

8. Joiiii, see forward. 

(H) John, fourth son and youngest of the 
eight children of Joseph and Martha (Kirk- 
patrick) Linn, was born in Hardwick town- 
shi{), Warren county. New Jersey, December 
3, 1763, and died January 5, 182 1. He was a 
mere lad when his father removed to Sussex 
county and purchased a large farm in the 
township of Hardyston and he grew up on this 
farm and became strong and finely developed. 
I le was only thirteen years old when the War of 
Tu'leijendence began and it was hard to keep 
him on the farm, aroused as he was with the 
desire to join in the conflict and drive the 
British army back to the ships that carried 
them to the colonies, to put down the rebellious 
subjects of the King. He had inherited the 
spirit of the Scotch Covenanters and history 
had taught liim of the persecution and martyr- 
dom that had forced them to seek liberty in the 
.New World. Before the war closed he was 
accepted as a ])rivate in Captain Manning's 
Sussex county troop and he became sergeant 
of the company. On returning from the army 
he began the study of law and soon was in the 
active practice of his profession. In 1803 he 
was elected to the state assembly as a repre- 
sentative from Sussex county and the next 
year a member of the council of the state, 
which office corrcs])onded to that of senator, 
the fir<t constitution of the state not followiiifj 



the custom of the other states or of the United 
,States in this respect. In 1805 he was made a 
judge of the common pleas and notary public 
by appointment of the assembly and council of 
the state and he held the position on the bench 
of the court of common pleas up to 1817, a 
period of twelve years, when he resigned to 
take his seat in the United States congress as 
representative from the Sussex congressional 
district in the fifteenth congress. He is 
credited with being sherift' of Susse.x county in 
1812, but this would have interferred with his 
duties as judge of the common pleas, so we 
do not undertake to affirm or deny the state- 
ment. He was re-elected in 1818 to the six- 
teenth congress and, while serving in the sec- 
ond session of that congress, he died from the 
effects of malarial fever, so prevalent at that 
period in tlie national capital. 

He married. May 19, 1791, Martha, daugh- 
ter of Richard Hunt, of Hardwick, New Jer- 
sey. She was born in 1773, became by this 
marriage the mother of fourteen children and 
died July 15, 1827. having been a widow for 
six years. On account of the honorable posi- 
tion of the father and the unusual honors that 
fell to his descendants, we make place for an 
extended notice of his children and grand- 
children. The children were born in Sussex 
county. New Jersey, as follows: 

1. Elizabeth, .September 2, 1792, married 
Rev. Edward .Allen and they had six children 
as follows : i. John Linn .Allen, who married 
Charlotte Bell. ii. Elizabeth, who married 
Milton Dimock. iii. Martha, who married T. 
Haskins Du Puy. iv. I\Iary. v. Emma, who 
married Dr. George Boyd. vi. Edward, who 
married .Amelia Clapp. vii. Henrietta L., stil! 
living. 

2. Jose])h, .September 25, 1795. 

3. Sarah, March 7, 1796, who married Na- 
than Shafer and had si.x children as follows: 
i. Mar\', who married Joseph Courson. ii. 
William D. Shafer. iii. Jose])h Shafer, who 
married l^lizabeth Ward. iv. .Abraham Shafer, 
who married Hannah Casterline. v. Lucilla, 
who married David Morris, vi. I^ouisa, who 
died unmarried. 

4. .Alfred Richard, died in infancy. 

5. .Andrew, May 7, 1799, who married Sy- 
billa I'eardslee, born .April 21, 1S02. She be- 
came the motlier of his ten children and died 
.A[)ril 4, 1884, having outlived her husband 
thirty-four years. These children were : i. 
John, who married Hannah Smith, ii. Edward 
X., who married Naomi Decker, iii. Martha 
!•".. \\hi> married Rev. R. .A. Sawver. iv. Susan 



statp: of new irrsev. 



73 



(J., who married Ruv. \\ illiani Travis, v. 
Joseph A. vi. Lucilla, who married Charles 
\V. ikinn. vii. Hubert Seldon. viii. Julia, who 
married George Xeldon. ix. Sarah, x. Amelia, 
who died in infancy. 

6. ^Margaret, died in infancy. 

7. John, May 6. 1803, died i8iy. 

8. Alary Anne. March 4, 1805, who married 
Rev. Benjamin Lowe and had seven children: 
Martha, William, Joseph, Alexander, Mary, 
Henrietta and Caroline Lowe. Of these chil- 
dren Alartha married Munson Hillyer, Mary 
married a Robinson, and Caroline a Hast- 
ings. 

9. Caroline, December 18, 1806; married 
Roderick Byington, AL D., and had five chil- 
dren : i. Theodore Linn Byington, who mar- 
ried Alargaret Hallock. ii. Edwin Byington. 
who became a physician, iii. Frances, iv 
Lillian, v. Roderick Byington. 

10. Henrietta. 

11. David Hunt, who died in infancy. 

12. Alexander, see forward. 

(HI) Alexander, sixth son of Hon. John 
and Alartha (Hunt) Linn, was born in Ilar- 
mony \'ale, Hardyston township, Sussex coun- 
ty, New Jersey, February 17, 181 1, and died at 
Deckertown, New Jersey, May 12, 1868. He 
was educated as a physician and practiced his 
profession in Sussex county, New Jersey, dur- 
ing his entire life. He was graduated at Lhiion 
College, Schenectady, New York, A. B., in 
1831, studied medicine, received his AL D. de- 
gree in 1834. and established his ofifice at 
Deckertown, now Sussex, He married Julia 
\'ibbert. Children, born at Deckertown: i. 
William Alexander, see forward. 2. Charles 
IL, born March 16, 1848, married Elizabeth 
K. Skinner, born September 17. 1858, died 
April 23, 1894; children: Alary R., born Au- 
gust 15, 1880; Alexander, December 12, 1881 : 
Julia \'., September 2, 1883 : Elizabeth K., 
January 14, 1894. 3. John, born January 14. 
1854. married Janet W. Lawrence, born April 
26, 1849; children: William A., born Alay 28. 
1880; Alargaret L., .\ugust 2, 1882: John L., 
July 30, 1884, died September 23, 1885 ; Janet 
L., March 20, 1889. 4. Robert A., born July 
30, 1867, died July 21, 1897; married Sallie 
Gould, born September 12, 1867; children: 
Alargaret A., born December 31. 1891 ; Alice. 
October 17. 1895. 5. A daughter Lucilla. died 
in infancy. 

(IV) William Alexander, eldest child of 
Dr. Alexander and Julia (Vibbert) Linn, was 
born at Deckertown. Sussex county, New Jer- 



sey, September 4, 1846. He was the eldest of 
four sons and his father desired that he should 
have the advantages of a college education. 
To that end he sent him to Phillips Academy, 
Andover, Alassachusetts, the celebrated pre- 
paratory school, and he was graduated in the 
class of 1864. He at once matriculated at 
Vale College and was a brilliant under-grad- 
uate. winning the editorship of the Vale Liter- 
ary Alagazine and securing the honor of being 
class poet. He was graduated A. B. in 1868. 
His amateur newspaper work at Vale deter- 
mined the line of his endeavor in the literary 
field and he obtained a position on the Neii' 
York Tribune as reporter in 1868; he left the 
position of night editor in 1871 to accept that 
of city editor of the Kcxv York Evening Post. 
He was connected with that high-class news 
and literary evening paper ( for the last nine 
years as managing editor ) until 1900, when 
he resigned to engage in general literary work. 
He has had the benefit of such able school 
masters and associates in journalism as Horace 
Greeley. John Russell Voung. William Cullen 
liryant, E. L. Godkin and Wendell Phillips 
Garrison. His books bear the stamp of his 
thorough journalistic training as can readily be 
seen in his "The Story of the Alormons," 1902; 
"Rob and his Gun," 1902 ; "Horace Greeley," 
1903. bearing the imprint of and issued from 
the notable publishing houses : The Alacmillan 
Comjiany, Charles Scribner's Sons and D. 
Appleton & Company, respectively. He was 
appointed in 1899 by Governor Voorhees a 
member of a commission to report upon the 
condition and desirability of preservation of 
the Palisades, and this commission framed and 
secured the passage of the law under which the 
Inter-State Palisade I'ark commission was ap- 
pointed and the Palisades rescued from im- 
l)ending destruction through the quarrying of 
the stone forming the great natural wonder. 
Air. Linn was made a member of the Inter- 
State Commission and is still serving in that 
capacity. He was elected a trustee of the 
Johnson public library of Hackensack at its 
opening and is still serving. He has been, 
since its organization in 1887, president of the 
Hackensack Alutual Building & Loan Associa- 
tion, and is serving in the same capacity for 
the Peoples' National Bank of Hackensack, 
which he organized in 1903. He makes his 
summer home on his fruit and dairy farm at 
AIcAfee \'alley, Sussex county. New Jersey. 
He married, in 1871, Alargaret A. Alartin, of 
New Vork City, who died in 1897. 



74 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



The \'oorhees, Voorhis, 
\'OORHEES Voorhies, and the same 

name with the prefix "van" 
is another specimen of the local or place sur- 
name which is so common in the old Dutch 
records, where the personal cognomens 
changed with each generation, being confined 
mostly to the baptismal name with the addition 
of the father's name coupled with a suffix sig- 
nifying "son." In the present case, the earl- 
iest ancestor of the \'oorhees family of whom 
we have any trace was 

( I ) Albert van Voorhees, or Albert of the 
town of Hees, Holland, who died about 1^4, 
leaving six out of his nine children to survive 
him, namely: i. Coert Albertse, referred to be- 
low. 2. Steven Albertse. 3. Hendrick, who had 
five children living in 1684. 4. Suytgen van 
Haecxwolt, who with one child was living in 
1684. 5. Jan van Hefl^elying, died before 
1684, but left one daughter surviving him and 
then living. 6. Hilbert Albertse van Voor- 
hees. dying before 1684, left living at that date 
two sons and one daughter. 7. Wesvel Al- 
bertse van Voorhees, himself deceased, but 
having one son and daughter living in 1684. 

8. (jeertjen .Albertse van Oshaer en \'eghten. 

9. Merghin van Voorhees, married Jan Wer- 
vas van der Hught. 

(II) Coerte Albertse van \'oorhees resided 
near Hees. Holland, and left behind him seven 
children: i. Steven Coerte, referred to below. 
2. Hilbert Coerte, born in 1634, was twice mar- 
ried, and had by his first wife two sons and one 
daughter, and by his second wife five sons. 3. 
Jan Coerte, in 1684 was living in the old fam- 
ily homestead in \'oorhees. 4. Albert Coerte 
van Bethuyn, whose wife's name was Aeltyn, 
and who was dead before 1699. 5. Wesvel 
Coerte van Veeninge, died before 1699. 6. 
and 7. Two daughters whose names have not 
been preserved. 

(Ill) Steven Coerte van Voorhees was 
born about 1600, in or near Hees, Holland, 
and died at Flatlands, Long Island, February 
16, 1684. In April, 1660, he emigrated from 
Hees, which was in the province of Drenthe, 
Holland, m the ship "Bonte Cou" or "Spotted 
Cow," Captain Pieter Lucassen, master, with 
his wife and all of his children except his 
daughters Hendrickjen and Merghin. .\o- 
vember 29, 1660, he purchased of Cornelius 
Dirckscn IToogland nine morgens of cornland, 
seven morgens of woodland, ten morgens of 
plaiidand, and five morgens of salt meadows, 
in Flatlands, for 3000 guilders, and also a 
house and house plot in "Amesfoort en Ber- 



gen ( i. e.. Flatlands) with the brewery and all 
the brewing apparatus, kettle house and casks 
with the appurtenances thereof as per page 
^~. Liber B of the Flatlands Records." In 
1677 he and his second wife were members of 
the Dutch Reformed church in Flatlands, in 
1675 and in 1683 his name is on the assess- 
ment rolls of the town, in 1667 on a patent, 
and in 1664 he was one of the magistrates. 
His will is dated .August 25, 1677. 

By his first wife, whose name is unfortu- 
nately lost, he had ten children, all born in 
Holland: i. Hendrickjen Stevense, married 
ij'Jan Kiers and emigrated to .\merica several 
years later than her father. 2. Merghin Ste- 
vense, died October 28, 1702; married (first) 
a Roelofsen and (second) Remmelt Willemse 
and also came after her father to America. 
3. Coj?rt_Stevense, born 1637, died after 1702: 
married before 1664 Marytje Gerritse van 
Couwenhoven, the daughter of Gerrit~Wol- 
fertse van Couwenhoven. 4. Lucas Stevense, 
referred to below. 5. Jan Stevense, born 1652, 
whose will was probated November 20, 1735; 
married (first) jXIarch 17, 1678, Cornelia Rei- 
niers Wizzel-penning; married (second) Oc- 
tober 8, 1680, Femmentje Auke van Nuyse. 
who was baptized March 12, 1662. 6. Albert 
Stevense, of Flatlands and Hackensack, New 
Jersey, who married (first) Barentje Will- 
emse, and (second) Tilletje Reiniers Wizzel- 
penning. 7. Altje Stevense, born 1656. mar- 
ried, 1673, Barent Jurianz Ryder. 8. Jan- 
netje Stevense, married (first) Jan Martense 
Schenck, who died 1689, and married (sec- 
ond) February 29, 1690, .Alexander Sympson. 
9. Hendrickje Stevense, married (first) Jan 
Kiersted, and (second) Albert .Albertse Ter- 
hune, of Flatlands and Hackensack, New Jer- 
sey, who was baptized .August 13, 165 1, and 
whose will was proved February 3, 1704. 10. 
.Abraham Stevense of Flatbush and Princeton, 
New Jersey, who married Janette Kershaw. 

( IV) Lucas Stevense, son of Steven Coerte 
van \'oorhees by his first wife, was born in 
Holland about 1650, and died in Flatlands, 
Long Island, in 1713. In 1677 he was a mem- 
ber of the Dutch Reformed church there., and 
in 171 1 was one of the elders. In 1675 his 
name a]i])ears on the assessment rolls of the 
town; in ir)8o he was one of the magistrates; 
in 1685 he had one of his children baptized in 
Hackensack, New Jersey, but in 1687 he was 
one of those who took the oath of allegiance 
to the English government in Flatlands. He 
was three times married and had children cer- 
tainly by the first two, and most probably by 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



75 



all three of his wives. His first marriage was 
in Holland, to Catharine Hansen van Noor- 
strand, daughter of Hanse van Noorstrand and 
Jannecken Gerritse van Loon ; his second mar- 
riage, January 26, 1689, was to Jannetje Minnes, 
daughter of Minne Johannis and Rensie Vad- 
dans ; and his third marriage, in 1703, was to 
Catharine van Dyck. His children were: i. 
Eldart Lucasse, of Flatlands, Flatbush and 
Jamaica, Long Island, whose will was proved 
April 17, 1722, and who married Styntje Hen- 
drickse, daughter of Hendrick Harmanse. 2. 
Jan Lucasse, referred to below. 3. Steven 
Lucasse, baptized September 16, 1677. 4. 
Hans Lucasse, baptized September 7, if>7g. 
married May 17, 1715, Neeltje Nevius. daugh- 
ter of Pieter Nevius and Jannetje Roelofse 
Schenck. 5. Jannetje Lucasse, baptized De- 
cember 25, 1681. died April 17, 1758: married, 
June 24, 1704, Martin Roelofse Sxhanck. 6. 
Willemtje Lucasse, baptized November 19. 
1683. died in infancy. 7. Anna Lucasse, born 
April 25, 1686, died September 30, 1774. mar- 
ried, June 5, 1709, Willem Couwenhoven, of 
Flatlands. 8. Catryntje Lucasse, married, 
May 3, 1712, Roelof Nevius, of the Raritan 
river. 9. Elsje Lucasse. 10. Reinecke Lu- 
casse. married. May 22, 171 5, Johannes Nos- 
trand, of Flatlands. 11. Willentje Lucasse, 
baptized November 15. 1694, married, August 
27. 171 5. Martin Nevius, of Flatlands, who re- 
moved about 1 7 19 to Marlborough, Monmouth 
county, New Jersey. 12. Albert Lucasse, of 
Flatlands and New Brunswick, New Jersey. 
born May 10, i6g8, died October 28, 1734; 
married (first) May 10, 1720. Arreantje Dit- 
mars, daughter of I^aurens Ditmars, of Flat- 
- bush, and Elizabeth Hegeman, and married 
(second) 1722, Catryntje Cornell. 13. Roelof 
Lucasse, of Flatlands and Three Mile Run, 
New Jersey, died in 1751 ; married (first) 
April 26, 1714, Helena, daughter of Gerret 
Elbertse Stoothoff and Johanna Nevius, and 
married (second) Margreta Cortelyou. 14. 
Minne Lucasse, of whom see elsewhere. 15. 
Abraham Lucasse. 16. Teuntje Lucasse, bap- 
tized January 26, 1707, in New York city. 

(V) Jan Lucasse, the son of Lucas Ste- 
vense van Voorhees and his first wife Cath- 
arine Hansen van Noorstrand. was baptized 
February 19, 1675, spent the first part of his 
life at Flatlands, Long Island, and in 1717 re- 
moved to Six Mile Run, Somerset county, 
New Jersey, where he died. He was three 
times married and had one child by his first 
wife, thirteen children by his second wife, and 
none by his third. October 10, 1699, he mar- 



ried (first) Ann, daughter of Jan Teunissen 
van Duyckhuysen and .\chia or .Agatha Stoot- 
hofif, baptized April 7, 1677, died January 5, 
1702. Their child was: Johannis van Voor- 
hees, born July 19, 1700, died January 21, 
1733: married. May 16, 1721, Sara, daughter 
of fan Roelofse Schenck and Sara Kouwen- 
hoven, who after the death of Johannis mar- 
ried (second) Hendrick Voorhees, of Free- 
hold, Monmouth county, New Jersey. March 
5, 1704. Jan Lucasse van Voorhees married 
"(second) Mayke Roelofse, daughter of Roelof 
Martense Schenck and Annatje Pieterse, born 
January 14, 1684, died November 25, 1736. 
Their children were: I. Lucas van Voorhees. 
horn September 15, 1705, whose will was 
proved January 16, 1784; married (first) May 
17. 1728, Altje. daughter of John and Altje 
Ryder, born May 30, 1708, died December 5. 
1775, and married (second) Catrina Staats, of 
Flatlands and New Brunswick. 2. Roelof van 
X'oorhees, born August 19, 1707, died in April, 
1782; married Deborah Cortelyou, of Flat- 
lands. 3. Stephen van Voorhees. born March 
24, 1709, married, October 23, 1753, Maria, 
daughter of Daniel Lake and Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Dirck Dirckse van Sutphen. Stephen 
and Maria (Lake) van \'oorhees lived at Flat- 
lands. 4. Antje, born November 28, 1710. 
(lied in infancy. 5. Petrus van Voorhees, born 
[anuarv fi. 1712. at Flatlands, whose widow 
was given letters of administration on his es- 
tate .\])ril 3, 1751, lived with his wife Mary 
at New Brunswick. 6. Martin van Voorhees, 
born March 2(S, 17 14, married Elizabeth 

. 7. Isaac van \'oorhees, referred to 

below. 8. Catlyntje van Voorhees, born June 
8, 1718, married Simon van Arsdalen. 9. 
Garret van Voorhees. born September 6, 1720, 
married Johanna van Harlingen and lived at 
New Brunswick. 10. .Anna van Voorhees, 
born July 15, 1723. 11. .Abraham van Voor- 
hees, "born June 8, 1725, died November 15. 
1807: married, May 9, 1747. .Adrianna, daugh- 
ter of Pieter Lefferts and Ida Suydam and 
lived at Flatlands. 12. Sarah van X'oorhees, 
born October 18, 1727, died November 29, 
^73(^- 13- Maria van Voorhees, born April 
5, 1731. January 25, 1737, Jan Lucasse van 
V'oorhees married (third) Jannetje. daughter 
of Jacob Remsen and Gertrude Vandcrbilt. 
baptized July 27, 1701, died August 24, 1747. 
(VI) Isaac, son of Jan Lucasse and Mayke 
Roelofse (Schenck) van Voorhees, was born 
March 16, 1716, lived near New Brunswick, 
and was twice married, the name of his first 
wife being Sarah, and that of his second wife 



76 



STATE OF NEW I ERSE Y. 



Helena. She was the daughter of Dirck Bar- 
keloo, and was born October 22, 1723. Which 
of his cliildren were borne him by each wife 
is not ascertainable from the data at present 
available. These children were: i. John, mar- 
ried Ruth, youngest daughter of Samuel, son 
of Richard Stockton, of Piscataway and 
Princeton, and Susanna (Witham) Robinson, 
his wife, and the widow of Thomas Robinson, 
of Crosswicks, Burlington county. New Jer- 
sey. Richard Stockton was the son of Rich- 
ard and Abigail Stockton, the emigrants. 
John and Ruth (Stockton) van \'oorhees re- 
moved to Chestertown, Maryland. 2. Stephen 
X'oorhees, born 1740, died November 23, 1796; 
became a minister in the Dutch Reformed 
church; and married Elizabeth Clausen, born 
1749, died February 23, 1805. 3. Derrick, 
baptized June 22, 1755, whose will was pro- 
bated August 22, 1834; lived in Hillsborough 
township. Somerset county. New Jersey ; mar- 
ried Jannetje . 4. David, referred to 

below. 5. Jane, married a DuBois. 6. Maria, 
baptized June 22, 1766. married Tennis Huff, 
of Neshanic. Somerset countv. 

(VH) David, son of Isaac \'oorhees, wa.s 
born near New Brunswick, New Jersev, Sep- 
tember 6, 1758, and died in the town of New 
Brunswick, October 9. 1841. He lived in New 
Brunswick and married. May 22, 1788, Eve 
Oakey, born September 14, 1770. who died 
November 4, 1842. Their .seven children 
were: i. Isaac, born April 19. 1789, died Au- 
gust 5, 1824; married Sarah Nevius but had 
no children. 2. .Abraham Oakey. born Au- 
gust 23, 1791, died June 27. 1866: married, 
March 24, 1814, Margaret P. Harris, and mar- 
ried (second) April 11. 1843, Abigail \'ander- 
veer, and had nine children. 3. Ann. born 
July 29, 1794, died March C\ 1837; married. 
February 24. 1814, Israel Freeman. 4. David, 
born Autrust 19. 1797. died June 17. 1799. 5. 
Ira Condict, referred to below. 6. Mary, born 
September 27, 1801, died unmarried. October 
15, 1820. 7- David, born May i6, 1805, died 
June 14, 18^/); married .Ann Eliza Clarkson. 
born February 3, 1802. 

(VIII) Tra Condict, son of David and Eve 
(Oakey) Voorhees. was born in New Bruns- 
wick, New Jersey, February 22, 1799, and died 
there September 12, 1878. He lived in New 
Bnmswick, and married. May 22, 1823, Ann 
Rolf Holbcrt. born February 3, 1802, who died 
in 1900. The names of their three children 
were: i. Charles Holbcrt. referred to ])elow. 
2. Ira Theodore, born June 27, 1829, died .Au- 
gust II, 1830. 3. Mary Elizabeth, born .April 



1 85 J 



1833. died, unmarried, September 13, 



( IN ) Charles Holbert. the only son to 
reach maturity and the only son to marry, of 
Ira Condict and Ann Rolf (Holbert) Voor- 
hees, was born in New Brunswick, New Jer- 
sey, August 3, 1824, and was for many years 
one of the most prominent of the medical prac- 
titioners in New Brunswick. His father had 
been one of the members of the junior class 
of 181 7, of Rutgers College, when that insti- 
tution had suspended in 1816, and he sent his 
son to the University of Pennsylvania for his 
B. A. and afterward to the Philadelphia Medi- 
cal School for his M. D. degree. June 7. 1849. 
Dr. Charles Holbert A'oorhees married, in 
i'hiladelphia, Charlotte Bournonville, of Phil- 
adelphia, born December 23, 1830. Their 
four children are: i. Ira Condict, referred to 
below. 2. A^anderbilt Spader, born Septem- 
ber 7, 1858, married Ida Smith; resides at 
Belmar. 3. Anthon}' Bournonville, born Sep- 
tember 24, 1859, married. May 23. 1883, Annie 
Farmer; resides at Belmar. 4. Louis .Augus- 
tus, referred to below. 

(N) Ira Condict (2), the eldest child and 
son of Charles Holbert and Charlotte (Bour- 
nonville ) \'oorhees, was born in Philadelphia, 
Pennsvlvania. March 25, 1853, and is now liv- 
ing in New Brunswick, New Jersey. When 
he was about two and one half years old his 
father returned from Philadelphia to New 
P.runswick, and Ira Condict was sent to the 
New Brunswick public schools for his educa- 
tion, also attendinp' private schools, and tak- 
ing the course of Miller and Stockton's Busi- 
ness College in Newark. After completing 
his studies he was engaged until about 1881 
in the furniture and rubber business in New 
T'runswick, subsecjuently devoting his atten- 
tion largely to the property interests of his 
grandparents. For four years he occupied the 
position of chosen freeholder of Middlesex 
county. Mr. Voorhees is the owner of a valu- 
able farm near New Brunswick. He is a mem- 
l)er of the Junior Order .American Mechanics. 
Since 1869 he has been a member of the vol- 
unteer fire department of New Brunswick, 
and since 1873 a member of the Liberty hose 
company. He and his family attend the First 
Dutch Reformed Church of New Brunswick. 
May 23. 1878, Ira Condict Voorhees was mar- 
ried in New Brunswick to Emily Miller, of 
the same place, and has one surviving child, 
Marv Fmilv, who married Oliver Rielcv. Mr. 
and Mrs. Rieley reside in Cleveland. Ohio, and 
have one child, Charlotte Bournonville Rielev. 



STATE OF NEW" ll-LkSi^V 



77 



(X) Louis Augustus, the fourth and young- 
est child of Charles Holbert and Charlotte 
(Bournonville) \'oorhees, was born in New 
Brunswick, New Jersey, March 6, 1865. and 
is now living in that city. For his early edu- 
cation he was sent to the preparatory school 
of Rutgers College, and entering Rutgers in 
the class of 1885. received from that institu- 
tion both his bachelor's and his master's de- 
gree. He then took up chemistry as his 
special study, went into the state experimental 
station at the bottom of the ladder and has 
steadily climbed up until in 1895 he was made 
chief chemist. In 1905 he resigned this po- 
sition, and he is now engaged in consulting and 
analytical work in his own laboratory. He is 
a thirty-second degree ]\Iason, a member of 
the Commandery, and a past master of Lodge 
No. 19. He is also past high priest of Scott 
Chapter, No. 4, a past master of Scott Coun- 
cil, No. I, and member of the Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. In addition to these 
he is a member of the Delta Upsilon college 
Greek letter fraternity, and also a Phi Beta 
Kappa man. He is a member of a number of 
scientific societies, among which may be men- 
tioned the American Chemical Society, the 
Society of Chemical Industry of London, Eng- 
land, the American Association for the .Ad- 
vancement of Science, and the American Elec- 
tro-Chemical Society. In 1901 he married 
Anna May Wilcox, daughter of Theodore F. 
W'ilcox, of New Brunswick. 



(For early generations see Albert Van Voorhees 1). 

(V) Minne Lucasse van 
VOORHEES Voorhees, fourteenth child 

and seventh son of Lucas 
Stevense and Jannetje Minnes (Faddans) van 
Voorhees, died in 1733, his will being written 
September 20, and proven November 15. of 
that year. He was born in Flatlands, but re- 
moved from that place to the vicinity of New 
Brunswick, New Jersey, where in 1720 he 
owned a large tract of land on the south side 
of the Raritan river, which included the mills 
on Lawrence brook. Three years previous to 
this his name had been enrolled on the books 
of the Dutch Reformed church at New Bruns- 
wick as a member, .\pril 25. 1717. Minne 
I ucasse married (first) Antje, daughter of 
Garret Pieterse Wyckoff, of Flatlands, Long 
Island, and Catharine Nevius, who was born 
September i. 1693. After her death he mar- 
ried (second) Lammetje, daughter of Gerrit 
Tansp Stryker, of Flatbush, Long Island, and 
Styntje Gerritse Dorland, who was the widow 



of Johanes W'yckoff, of Six .Mile Run. Somer- 
set county. New Jersey. She was baptized 
.X'ovember 23, 1684, and her will was proved 
May I. 1764. 

The children of Minne Lucasse van \'oor- 
hees were: I. Lucas, baptized March 29, 1718, 
whose will was proved .April 9, 1791 ; he mar- 
ried Catrina \'andervoort, lived near New 
Brunswick, where all his children were bap- 
tized and had seven children, the youngest of 
whom, Peter, was the noted revolutionary cap- 
tain, who was killed near New Brunswick by 
Colonel Simcoe's men and is sometimes con- 
fused with Captain John Voorhees, brother- 
in-law of Colonel John Neilson. 2. Garret 
.Minnes, referred to below. 3. Minne Minnes, 
baptized November 25, 1722, whose will is 
dated June 7. 1779, and proved .April 20, 1780, 
and wlio had nine children. 4. Johannes ]Min- 
nes, baptized March 28. 1725, married F'em- 
metje \'anderveer, and lived near New Bruns- 
wick, where all of his children were baptized. 
5. Elizabeth, married Martin Roelofse 
.Schenck. 6. .Abraham Minnes, born Septem- 
ber 16. 1730, married Maria, daughter of 
Jacob \'an Doren, born October 29, 1735, lived 
in 1752 at Neshanic, in 1766 at Millstone, 
New Jersey, and in 1792 at Reading, Ohio, and 
had nine children. 7. Catharine, married Jo- 
hannes \'an Harlingen. 8. Roelof. 

(\'I) Garret Minnes, second child and son 
of Minne Lucasse van \'oorhees, was born 
near New Brunswick, New Jersey, May 13, 
1720, died about 1785. He lived at Aliddlebush, 
.Somerset county. He married (first) Neeltje, 
daughter of Petrus Nevius, of South Branch, 
Somerset county, who died December 9, 1780, 
and was the mother of all of his children ; 
married (second) in 1783, Sarah Stoothoflf. 
Their children were: i. Minne, born Septem- 
ber 30, 1745, lived at Neshanic, Somerset 
county, and by his wife Catrina had : .Abraham, 
Cornelius, Maria and Minnie. 2. Roelof, born 
February 11, 1748, died July 23, 181 r; mar- 
ried Maria Suydam, lived at Si.x Mile Run, 
and had no children. 3. Garret Garretson, re- 
ferred to below. 4. Ann, born July 10, 1752, 
died Mav 25. 1817 ; married. May 3, 1776, 
.Abraham Beekman. of Griggstown. New Jer- 
sey, and had Geraldus. Eleanor, John, .Abra- 
ham .Abrahamson, Ralph Voorhees, Jacob, 
Isaac and Catharine. 5. Catryntje, born De- 
cember 27, 1754, died November 26, 1814; 
married John \'an Doren. of Millstone. 6. 
Peter, born Mav 7, 1758, died .April 7, 1833: 
married Alary Boice, lived at Middlebush, and 
had : Ellen. Svche or Cvnthia, Sarah. John 



78 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



I'eterson, Maria, Caroline, Garret Peterson, 
Ann Beekman and Minna. 7. Neeltje, bap- 
tized November 23. 1760, married Brogun \'an 
Doren, of I'luckamin, and had: William. 
Xeeltje. Garret, I'eter and Catharine. 8. Cat- 
alina, born May 21, 1764. married John \'an 
Doren, of Millstone. 

( \TI ) Garret Garretson, third child and 
son of Garret Minnes and Neeltje (Neviiis) 
van X'oorhees, was born at Middlebush, Som- 
erset county, March 4, 1750. died at Six Mile 
Run in the same county, October 18, 1823. 
The first part of his life was spent at Middle- 
bush, but about 1820 he removed to Six Mile 
Run. February 8, 1776, he married Matilda, 
daughter of Rem Ditmars, of Millstone, who 
died ]\[arch 21, 1837, and who bore him ten 
children: i. Garret, born November 22, 1776, 
died March 23, 1777. 2. Lena, born March 
1 1. 1778, died January 28, 1827; married Peter 
P. V'oorhees, born November 26, 1775, lived 
at New Brunswick and had : Matilda, Eliza- 
beth, Susan and Eleanor. 3. Nelly, born May 
27. 1780, died February 18, 1810, unmarried. 
4. Jane, born September 13, 1782, died Septem- 
ber, 1845: married, October 27, 1803, Richard 
Manlcy, lived in New Brunswick and had : 
Mary Ann, Matilda, Ellen Voorhees, Garret 
X'oorhees, Sarah Elizabeth, Jane Helen, Rich- 
ard, Dinah Voorhees and Frances Rebecca 
1 Fardenburgh. 5. Garret, referred to below. 

6. Dinah, born May 11, 1787, died unmarried. 

7. .Ann, born September 24, 1789, married, 
September 19, 1816, Samuel W. Scott, and 
lived in Yatasco, New York. 8. John Gar- 
retson, born January 17, 1793, died March 31, 
1859: married Rebecca \'an Derveer, born De- 
cember 8, 1796, died .April i, 1873; left New 
Jersey and settled in Fail view, Illinois, and 
had : Henry, Garret, Ellen Sut]:)hcn, John Cal- 
vin and Matthew. 9. Ralph, born June 20, 
1796. died July 25, 1878; married, November 
20, 1819, Sarah, daughter of John \'an Cleef, 
lived at Middlebush, at one time judge of the 
-Somerset county court, and in 1837 a member 
of the New Jersey legislature; children: \'an 
Cleef and Ralpli. 10. Maria, born October 20, 
1798, married Daniel Polhemus, and lived at 
Middkliush and Fairview, Illinois. 

(\'lll) Garret, second son and the eldest 
son to reach maturity of Garret Garretson and 
Matilda (Ditmars) van Voorhees, was born in 
Middlebush, Somerset county, and died at 
Mine Brook, in the same county, Febru- 
ary 24, 1870. He lived at Mine Brook. 
September 10. 1816, he married Sarah, 
daughter of Nathaniel and Hannah (Drake) 



\\ hitaker, born September 8, 1792, died 
August 8, 1863. Their children were: i. 
John, referred to below. 2. Matilda, born Oc- 
tober 19, 1818, died September 28, 1851 ; mar- 
ried, January 8, 1851, Charles Barber. 3. 
Ann, born August 12, 1820, died February 20, 
1885; married, November 15, 1849, W'illiam 
Heath, born June i, 1817, and had John, born 
September 25, 1856, married, February 8, 
1879, Emma J. Fritts. 4. Hannah, born January 
4. 1823, married, October 28, 1847, John Gar- 
retson Kline, and had Dorothy, married John 
J. Powelson ; Garret \'oorhees, December 10, 
1852, died November 3, 1880. 5. Ellen, born 
January 21, 1825, married (first) August 14, 
1854, John S. Felmley, and had: David and 
John S. Jr.; married (second) Benjamin S. 
Shoemaker, March 4, 1863, and had : Lillian, 
Ella Voorhees, Garretta and Raphael. 6. Gar- 
ret Garretson, born March 20, 1827, married 
(first) Margaretta V. Baird, born Alay 5, 

1836, died JMarch 2, 1861, and had, William 
Baird, born .August 10, i860; married (sec- 
ond) December 27, 1865, Jane Quick, born 
February 7, 1836, died March 19, 1874, and 
had: Abraham Quick, December 5, 1869, died 
February 27, 1870; married (third) December 
30, 1876, Harriet Everett, born January 26, 

1837. 7. Nathaniel Whitaker, born June 29, 
1829, graduate of Rutgers, 1847, cashier of 
the First National Bank of Clinton, New Jer- 
sey; married, November i, 1854, Naomi Leigh, 
and had : Foster MacGowan, Samuel Leigh, 
Caroline \'irginia -Aller, Nathaniel Whitaker, 
ICdwin Stanton, Mary Taylor and Elizabeth 
Kreamer. 8. Samuel Scott, born June 19, 
183 1, lives at Mine Brook; married, Novem- 
ber 13, 1861, Elizabeth McMurtry, and has: 
Sarah W'hitaker, Oscar M., Ralph Spencer, 
Garret Scott. Mary Nutt, Charles Pool and 
Ruth Castner. 9. Mary, born August 20, 
1833. married, November 19, 1857. W'illiam 
Irving, and has: Eugene Castner, Ella Sarah, 
William Edgar and Charles Whitaker. 10. 
Ruth Elizabeth, born Sejitember 19, 1835, died 
January 10, 1879: married Parmenas Castner 
and had : Mabel Voorhees, Frank Mason and 
Martha Annin \'oorhces. 11. Ralph, born 
March 20, 1838. 

- (IX) John," eldest child of Garret and Sarah 
(Whitaker) Voorhees, was born at Mine Brook, 
Somerset county, June 4. 1817. He was a 
farmer like his ancestors. .November 26. 1853, 
he married Sarah A. Dilley, born December 
II, 1824, who bore him nine children, all born 
at Mine Brook, Somerset county. New Jersey. 
They are: i. Helen, now dead, born February 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



79 



lo, 1855, married, June 21, 1883, Rev. George 
W. Scarlett. 2. Edward Burnett, referred to 
below. 3. Garret, born April 25, 1858, died 
September 10, 1858. 4. Elizabeth, born March 
24, 1859, married, October 25, 1882, Rev. John 
Scarlett. 5. Matilda, born June 24, 1861. 6. 
Alary, born Alay 10, 1863, married Edwin 
Stanton Williamson. 7. Sarah C, born Sep- 
tember 8, 1864, married Dr. Matthew Beattie. 
8. John, born November 3, 1867, died April 
14, 1881. 9. Ciarretta, born December 26, 
1870. 

(X) Edward Burnett, second child and eld- 
est son of John and Sarah A. (Dilley) Voor- 
hees, was born in Mine Brook, Somerset 
county, June 22, 1856, and is now living at the 
Rutgers College Farm, near New Brunswick. 
For his early education he went to the com- 
mon schools of Mine Brook, also attending 
private school, and prepared for college en- 
trance examinations with private tutors, after 
which he entered Rutgers College and grad- 
uated B. A. June 22, 1881, and M. A. in 1S84. 
In 1900 he received from the University of 
\'ermont the degree of D. Sc. During 1881 
and 1882 he was the assistant chemist at Wes- 
leyan University, and from 1882 to the present 
time he has been chemist of the Experiment 
Station of the State of New Jersey, since 1890 
professor of agriculture in Rutgers College, 
and since 1895 director of the New Jersey 
Agricultural E.xperiment Stations. In 1903 he 
was the first recipient of the W. H. Nichols 
gold medal offered by the American Chemical 
Society for the best original chemical research. 
He is author of "First Frinciples of .Agricul- 
ture" (1896), "Fertilizers" (1898J, and "For- 
age Crops" (1907). Dr. Voorhees is president 
of the State Board of Agriculture, member of 
the State Forestry Commission, and trustee 
of the Carnegie Library of New Brunswick. 
Society, the .\merican Association for the .Ad- 
vancement of -Science, the New Jersey State 
Sanitary .Association, and other national and 
state scientific societies, and of the Chemists' 
Club of New York City. 

October 18, 1883, Edward Burnett \'oor- 
hees married .Anna Eliza, youngest daughter of 
Theodore and Jane ( \'an Camp) Amerman, 
born in South IJranch, Somerset county, June 
2, 1861, Children: i. Jennie Amerman, born 
August 23, 1884, graduated from Vassar, 
1904; married, June 12, 1907, Harold M. 
Beattie, of Arizpe, state of Sonora, Mexico, 
and has one child, John \'oorhees Beattie, born 
March 2, 1908. 2. Edward Burnett, born Sep- 
tember I, 1886, now dead. 3. John Haring, 



horn January 2-/, 1889, now a student at Rut- 
gers. 4. Marion W., born June 19, 1891. 5. 
Theodore, May 19, 1893. 6. Robert Leland, 
January 20, 1895. 7. Ralph Rodman, May 
12, 1898. 8. Justin Morrill, June 29, 1900. 

(For early generations see preceding sketches). 

(Y) Abraham Lucasse, fif- 

\'OORHEES teenth child and youngest 
son of Lucas Stevense van 
N'oorhees (by his second wife, Jannetje Min- 
nes Faddansj, was born in Flatlands, Long 
Island. Soon after his marriage he removed 
to South Middlebush, Somerset county. New 
Jersey, where, March 4, 1726, he purchased 
from Jacques Cortelyou for four hundred and 
seventy-five pounds sterling a farm of three 
hundred acres, on which the remainder of his 
life was spent. He married Neeltje Cortel- 
you, born July 18, 1703, daughter of 
Jacques Cortelyou of New Utrecht, Long 
Island ; three sons and four daughters. 

(\T) .Abraham Yoorhees, second child of 
Abraham Lucasse and Neeltje (Cortelyou) 
Yan Voorhees, resided near Six Mile Run, 
Somerset county. New Jersey, where all his 
children were born, and where he died. It is 
known that he was twice married, his first 
wife being Geertie and his second Alaria ; and 
he had nine children, six sons and three daugh- 
ters. 

(\TI) Lucas, eldest child of .Abraham and 
(icertie Yoorhees, was born near Six Mile 
Run, Somerset county. New Jersey, May 2, 
■753- hved at Rocky Hill, in the same county, 
and died there August 24, 1812. He married, 
November 16, 1775, Johanna Dumont, born 
June 2, 1758, died February 25, 1840; four 
sons and three daughters. 

(YIII) Isaac Lucas, fifth child and fourth 
son of Lucas and Johanna (Dumont) Yoor- 
hees, was born in Rocky Hill, Somerset county. 
New Jersey, March 22, 1793, died near Six 
Mile Run (same county), October 26, 1867. 
For the larger part of his life he resided near 
Six Mile Run. He married, June 5, 1813, 
.Abigail, daughter of Isaac Isaacse \'oorhees, 
and had six sons and seven daughters. 

(IX) Abraham, third child and son of 
Isaac Lucas and Abigail (Voorhees) Voor- 
hees, was born near Six Mile Run, Som- 
erset county. New Jersey, September 18, 
1817. In early life he removed to New 
Brunswick, Middlesex county. New Jer- 
sey, engaging in the jewelry trade, but sub- 
sequently devoted his attention largely to bank- 
ing and financial interests, and occupied the 



8o 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



position of president of the Old State Bank 
of Xew Brunswick. Me was a public- 
spirited and higlily esteemed citizen of New 
Brun.^wick. .\ member of the First Presby- 
terian Church, he was one of its life elders, 
and for twenty-nine years superintendent of its 
Sunday school. He died in New Brunswick, 
June 9, 1892. 

He married ( first I September 19, 1842, 
Jane, died Ajiril 8, 1875, daughter of Jesse and 
Margaret P. (Russell) Jarvis. Children: i. 
W'illard Penfield, of whom below. 2. Laura 
\'irginia, died in infancy. Abraham Voor- 
hecs married (second) Martha J., died Feb- 
ruary 9, 1909, daughter of John and Martha 
( Bell ) \'an Nostrand. Children : 3. Howard 
Crosby, of whom below. 4. Florence Eliot, 
married John J. \'oorhees, Jr., who is en- 
gaged with his father in the manufacture of 
rubber goods, under the firm style of the Voor- 
hees Rubber Manufacturing Company. They 
reside at 91 Duncan avenue, Jersey City, New 
Jersey, and have one child, Florence Eliot 
Voorhees, born October 17, i()o8. 5. Marion 
R., resides in New Brunswick. 6. Clifford 
Irving, of whom below. 

(X) Willard Penfield, only surviving child 
of .Miraham and Jane (Jarvis) Voorhees, was 
born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, July 28, 
1 85 1. He received his early education in the 
grammar school of that community, also pur 
suing preparatory studies under Gustavus 
Fischer, and was graduated from Rutgers Col- 
lege in the class of 1871. After qualifying for 
the legal profession in the office of Judge 
W'oodbridge Strong, of New Brunswick, he 
was admitted to practice as attorney at the 
November term of the supreme court in 1874, 
and at the I'^bruary term in 1878 he became 
counsellor. Embarking in the jjractice of the 
law in his native city in 1874, he soon acquired 
a reputation for ability, and until his elevation 
to tlie supreme bench thirty-four years later 
he was engaged successfully and with dis- 
tinction in his professional work. The active 
career of Justice Voorhees has been devoted 
exclusively to the law. On one occasion 
(1884) he was the Republican candidate for 
coimty clerk of Middlesex county, but was de- 
feated ; and with this cxcejition he has never 
run for elective office. As a lawyer his in- 
clinations and special capabilities were for the 
more exact branches of his profession, and 
thus from an early period his employments 
were ])rincipally in connection with responsible 
private trusts and in the conduct of important 
litigations. His services were continually en- 



gaged in the care and settlement of estates, as 
receiver for various enterprises, and in ecjuity 
proceedings and corporate cases. His ap- 
pointment as associate justice of the supreme 
court of New Jersey (January, 1908) is one 
of the very few instances on record of the 
elevation of a practicing lawyer, without pre- 
vious experience on the bench and entirely un- 
associated with political life, from the ranks 
of the profession to the highest judicial sta- 
tion. Justice \'oorhees is one of the trustees 
of Rutgers College (elected in 1909). He is 
a member, among other organizations, of the 
Holland Society, the New York Athletic Club, 
and the Union Club of New Brunswick. 

He married, March 15, 1877, in New 
Brunswick, Sarah Rutgers, daughter of Theo- 
dore Grant and Catharine Bayard (Rutgers) 
Neilson. Child : Catharine Rutgers, born 
.\ugust 15, 1878, died March 18, 1882. 

(X) Howard Crosby, son of Abraham and 
M^artlia J. (\'an Nostrand) \'oorhees, was 
born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, Janu- 
ary 4, 1879. After completing the studies of 
the New Brunswick public schools and the 
Rutgers Preparatory School, he entered 
Princeton University, where he was gradu- 
ated in 1902. He then ]nirsued the course of 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New 
York City, receiving his M. D. degree in 1906, 
and during the year following was an interne 
of the Bellevue Hospital, also serving three 
months in the Xew York Lying-in-Hospital. 
Dr. Voorhees has since been practicing his 
profession in New Brunswick. He is on the 
statifs of Saint Peter's General Hospital, the 
Wells Alemorial Hospital, and the Parker Me- 
morial Home, and is a member of the New 
Jersey State and Middlesex Comity medical 
societies. 

He married, June 30, 1906. Marguerite 
Soper, daughter of Jeremiah D. and Cleone 
(Day) Slocum, of Staten Island. 

(X) Clifford Irving, son of Abraham and 
Martha J. (Van Xostrand) \'oorhees, was born 
in New Brunswick, New Jersey, Augu.st 4, 
18S4. He received his early education in the 
Lawrcnccville (Xew Jersey) school, and was 
graduated from Princeton University (A. B.) 
ill ii;of). i'ursuing the course of the New 
\'ork Law School, he was graduated there 
( LL. P..) in 1909, and was then admitted to 
the New Jersey bar as attorney. He is now 
practicing his profession in New Brunswick. 
Mr. X'oorhees is a member of the Ivy Club of 
Princeton and the Princeton Club of New 
York. 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



8i 



(For Voorhees Line see Albert Van Voorhees 1). 

( 1\ j Coert Stevense Van 
\ ( )(_)RHEES \oorhees, son of Steven 
Coert \'an V'oorhees, was 
born in Holland in 1637, died after 1702. His 
name appears on the tax rolls of Flatlands in 
1675 and 1683, and he was a deacon of the 
Dutch church there in 1677, magistrate in 
1664 and 1673, captain of militia in 1689, 
representative of Flatlands in the colonial as- 
sembly at New Amstertlam (New York), 
April 10, 1664, delegate to the convention, 
Alarch 26, 1674, and took the oath of allegiance 
at Flatlands in September, 1687. In 1689 he 
bought lands at Gravesend, Long Island, and 
at various times became well possessed of 
lands, some of which has continued in pos- 
session of his descendants to the present day. 
He evidently was a person of consequence in 
the colony and a man of influence in public 
matters of government. He married, before 
1664, Alerretje Gerritse \'an Couwenhoven, 
baptized April 10. 1644, died before 1709, 
daughter of ("lerrit Wolfertse and Aeltie Lam- 
bertse (Cool) \'an Couwenhoven, and by her 
had nine children: i. Steven Coerte, died 
February 16, 1723-24. 2. Marretje Coerte. 
married Jacob Remsen. 3. Albert Coerte, tlied 
1748. 4. Gerrit Coerte, see forward. 5. Altje 
Coerte, died 1746. 6. Neeltje Coerte, born 
June 30. 1676, died .•\ugust 4, 1750. 7. Cor- 
nelius Coerte, born 1678, married Antie Rem- 
sen. 8. Annatie Coerte, born 1680; married 
Jan Rapalje. 9. Johhannes Coerte, born April 
20, 1683, died October. 10, 1757; settled in 
New Jersey. 

(\') Gerrit Coerte, son of Coert Stevens 
and Marretje Gerritse (Van Couwenhoven) 
\^an Voorhees, was born about 1670-72, died 
before September 23, 1704, the date his will 
was proved. In 1677 he was a member of the 
Dutch church at Flatlands, and he took the 
oath of allegiance there in 1687. In 1693 he 
bought lands at New Utrecht, Long Island, 
paying therefore 38,750 guilders, and in 1699 
he sold the same land to his brother, Albert 
Coerte Van Voorhees. Fie was a man of large 
landed estate, possessed much influence among 
the jieople. but does not appear to have taken 
much part in public affairs. He married (first) 
Mensie Janse and after her death he married 
(second) .'\pril 26, 1685, Willentje Picters, 
who died in 1744. He had seven children : i. 
Coert Garritse, who lived on Long Island and 
whose will bears date of January 3, 1746. 2. 
Altje Garritse, baptized Flatlands, October 5, 
1685 : married Johannes ^^'illemse. 3. Marytie 



Gerritse, baptized October 2^, 1687, died Jan- 
uary 18, 1750; married Jan Remsen. 4. Peter 
Gerritse, see forward. 5. Flendrick Gerritse, 
lived at Flatlands and afterward near Free- 
hold, Monmouth county, New Jersey ; married 
(first) Jainictje Andrease, (second) Jannetje 
\'an Arsdalen, (third) Sarah Schenck. 6. Ste- 
phen Gerritse, lived at Flatlands. 7. Gertie 
(ierritse, married Gerrit Van Arsdalen. 

(\T) Peter Gerrit.se, son of Gerrit Coerte 
and Willemtje (Pieters) Van Voorhees, was 
ba[)tized in Brooklyn, Long Island, New York, 
December 10, 1694, died before July 14, 1749, 
when his will was admitted to probate, tie 
refused to pay tithes to the English church at 
Flatlands and rather than submit to what he 
considered a wrong in this respect sold off his 
possessions on Long Island and removed to 
Somerset county in New Jersey, where he pur- 
chased two hundred and thirty-one acres of 
the so-called \'an Home lands near Blawen- 
burgh in that county. He spent the remainder 
of his life in New Jersey and engaged in 
farming. He married, March 6, 1720, Arientje 
Nevius, and by her had ten children: i. 
.\riantie. born 1721. 2. Jannetje, August 29, 
1722. 3. W'illentie, September 5, 1724. 4. 
Maria. January 6, 1726. 5. Garret, March 12, 
1728; lived near New Brunswick, New Jersey, 
where all his children w^ere baptized. 6. Nelltie, 
December 17, 1729. 7. Sarah, February 4. 
1731. 8. Petrus, October 5, 1732, died young. 
9. .\eltie, died young. 10. F'etrus, see forward. 

(VII) Petrus Voorhees, son of Peter Ger- 
ritse and .\rientje (Nevius) Van Voorhees, 
was born on Long Island, January 24, 1736, 
died at Rlawenburgh, New Jersey, in May, 
1803. He was a farmer and lived and died on 
his father's homestead farm at Blawenburgh. 
He married (first) December i, 1757, Sarah 
Xevius, who died April 10, 1760, and married 
(second) October 24, 1761, Leah Nevius. His 
children: i. Petrus. born September 16, 1758; 
lived on his father's farm at Blawenburgh ; 
married Catherine Skillman. 2. Martinus, see 
forward. 3. Leah Nevius, born February 3, 
1765, died 1803; married. May 5. 1792, .\bra- 
ham Voorhees. 

(VIII) Martinus, son of Petrus and Leah 
(Nevius) Voorhees, was born on his father's 
farm at Blawenburgh, New Jersey, died at 
Bridgepoint. Somerset county. New Jersey, 
July 31. 1825. He was a farmer at Bridge- 
point. He married. May 2, 1786, Altje (or 
Elsie) Van Dyck, born June 10, 1761, died 
December 27, 1818, having borne her husband 
seven children: i. Peter, see forward. 2. 



STATE OF NEW fERSEY. 



Charity, born May 29. 1790, died June 29, 
1794. 3. John, May 18, 1792. 4. John \'an 
Dyck, September 15, 1794, died April 28, 1822 . 
was surgeon in the L'nited States army and 
served under General Jackson. 5. Leah, Octo- 
ber 3. 1796, died June 22, 1857; married, De- 
cember 8. 1 816, Dr. Ferdinand S. Schenck. 

6. Frederick \'an Dyck, December 18, 1798, 
died July 5, 1834; married. Xoveniber 21, 
1821, .Amelia, daughter of Rev. Henry Pol- 
hemus. 7. Sarah, September 28, 1802. died 
December 25, 1828: married, February 15. 
1 82 1, Abraham Cruser. 

(IX) Peter, son of Martinus and Elsie 
( \'an Dyck) \'oorhees. was born May 17, 
1787, died July 4. 1833. He lived on the farm 
he inherited and which formerly was owned 
by his grandfather, Petrus \'oorhees, and was 
a man of much influence and strong character. 
He was a meiriber of the New Jersey house of 
assembly from 1843 to 1843, and judge of 
the court of common jileas of Somerset county 
from 1833 to 1843. fl^ married, March 2, 
i8cx), Jane, born December 28, 1787, died July 
22, 1843. daughter of Captain John Schenck, 
and by her had eight children: I. .Mice, born 
February 11, 1810. died .August 18, 1878; 
married. January 12, 1848, Dr. J. \'. D. Joline, 
of Camden. 2. John Schenck, March 18, 1812, 
died June 19, 1877; married, December 16, 
1846, Sarah .Ann \'an Doren. 3. Charity, Sep- 
tember 22, 1814; married, November 25, 1833, 
Samuel Disbrow P.ergen, born August 25, 
1809. 4. Mary, February 2, 1818, died Decem- 
ber 17. 1867 : married, December 6, 1843, Reu- 
ben Armitage Drake (see Drake, \TI). 3. 
.Ada H., April 14, 1820, died May 9, 1823. 6. 
Jane, March i, 1823, died June 16, 1873: mar- 
ried, Se()tember 11, 1849, Rev. Jesse B. Davis. 

7. Peter I,., July 12, 1823: married, October 
If), 1833, .Anna F. Dayton, died February 19. 
1889. 8. I'^rederick. .April 9, 1832; married 
Lizzie M. iiarnett. 

A contemporar}- of John Drake. 
DR.\KI'" of Windsor, and of Thomas 

Drake, of Weymouth, was Rob- 
ert Drake, who was born in England in 1380, 
and came to .America from Colchester, Es.sex- 
shire. accompanied by at least two sons and a 
daughter. He apjjears in Exter, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1643, and finally settled in Hampton, 
New Hampsliire. where lie died January 14, 
1668. His children of whom there is accurate 
account were Nathaniel, Susannah and Abra- 
ham. In "Early (lermans of New Jersey," 
Chambers mentions a "supposed to be" son of 



Robert, who bore the name Francis, "although 
not mentioned in his will," 

( I ) Francis Drake, supposed to be a son 
of Robert Drake, the immigrant, was in Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, in 1661, and in 1663 
served on a grand jury with Nathaniel Drake, 
elder son of Robert. Xo further record of 
him is found in that region, and he is believed 
to have been the Francis who emigrated from 
New 1 lampshire to Piscataway, New Jersey, 
which township was settled largely by emi- 
grants from the town of the same name in 
New Hampshire, for according to the Piscata- 
way records a Francis Drake appeared there 
in 16^)7-68. and died there about 1687. The 
baptismal name of his wife was Mary, and by 
her he had three children: i. F"rancis, died be- 
fore .April 2"], 1733. 2. George, died in Pis- 
cataway before Xovemiier 8, 1709. 3. Rev. 
John, see forward. 

( II I Rev. John Drake, son of Francis and 
.Mary Drake, was tern in 1635, died in 1739- 
40. He was a lay preacher in the early days 
of Piscataway and upon the organization of 
the old Piscataway Baptist Church he became 
its ]jastor and served in that capacity for more 
than fifty years. He married (first) Rebecca 
Trotter, and was married twice afterward, but 
the names of his second and third wives are 
unknown. He had in all thirteen children: i. 
John, born June 2. 1678; married Sarah 
Compton and had six children, 2. Francis, 
December 23, 1679; married Patience Walker 
and had eleven children. 3. Samuel, 1680: 
married Elizabeth Hull and had two daughters. 
4. Jo->eph, October 21, 1681. 3. Benjamin. 
ir),S3. f). .Abraham, 1683, see forward. 7. 
."^arah, 1686. 8. Isaac, January 12, 1687-88, 
died 1736: had five children: Samuel, Isaac, 
Daniel, Xathaniel and Hannah. 9. Jacob, 
16(^0. 10. Ebenezer, July 19, 1693: married 
.\ima Dunn and had nine children. 11. Eph- 
riam, 1694. 12. Rebecca, November 21, 1697: 
married Tosejih Fitz Randolph and had thir- 
teen children. 13. .Abigail, \Iay 10, 1699. 

(HI) .Abraham, son of Rev, John Drake, 
was born in 1683. died before May 6, 1763. 
He is believed to have been of Newton, New 
Jersey. In a deed. 1761, Abraham and De- 
liverance Drake sell three hundred and sixty- 
eight acres to Moses Tompkins, all of Rox- 
bury. .April 25, 175 1, he Ixiught of the pro- 
prietors of the township fifty-four acres, "what 
is now the mill ])roperty at Drakeville." The 
name of his wife was Deliverance and they 
had four children: i. .Abraham, died before 
the date of his father's will (1739) : had two 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



83 



childrt'ii wliu are iiicntiuned in their grandfath- 
er's will. 2. Nathaniel, sec forward. 3. Jacob, 
who in 1768 signed a call to a minister for 
Succasunna church, and had one son, Jacob. 
4. Elisha, married and had probably sons 
Jacob, John, Daniel and Elisha. 

(I\') Nathaniel, son of Abraham and De- 
liverance Drake, is mentioned as a freeholder 
of Roxbury township, 1741 ; licensed as tavern 
keeper in 1743; will admitted to probate May 
:, 1778, in Sussex county, names wife Ann and 
iour children: I. Nathaniel, see forward. 2. 
Joseph, born 1761, died 1813; married (first j 
"Miss Desire," (second), Mrs. Susannah 
Ayres, and had Nathaniel, John, Sarah, Mar- 
tha, Alexander P., Margaret, Mark L. and 
George B. 3. Samuel. 4. John. 

(V) Nathaniel Drake, of Middlesex comity. 
New Jersey, is presumed to be the Nathaniel 
Drake, son of Nathaniel and Ann Drake, men- 
tioned in the preceding paragraph. He mar- 
ried a Miss Bryant. Children : Elnathan, see 
forward. 2. Charles, born in Hunterdon 
county, New Jersey ; a farmer. 

(VI) Elnathan, son of Nathaniel Drake, 
was born and reared in Hunterdon county. 
New Jersey. He was a farmer on a large 
scale, owning two farms. He was a resident 
of Mercer county. New Jersey. He died in 
1839, well advanced in years. He married 
Sarah \'an Kirk, daughter of Dr. Benjamin 
and (Arniitage) Van Kirk. Chil- 
dren: Mary. Sally .\nn. Deborah \'., Hannah 
Etta, Bayard !^.. Reuben Arniitage, see 
forward. 

(VH) Reuben Arniitage. son of Elnathan 
Drake, was born in September, 1820. He 
spent his life in Hopewell township, Mercer 
county. New Jersey, as a farmer, fruit grower 
and stock man. He was first a Whig, later a 
Ro])ublican, and an active and public-spirited 
citizen. He served as a member of Colonel 
Cummings Princeton Troop during the civil 
war. He married Mary, daughter of Peter 
\'oorhees, of Somerset county. New Jersey 
(see Voorhees. VHI). Children: Herbert 
Arniitage. see forward, Batard Ridgely. Jane 
Schenck. Sara Emily, Mary Louisa. Peter 
\'oorhees. Reuben A. Drake died 1883: his 
wife died in 1867, 

(\TH) Herbert .\rniitagc. son of Reuben 
Arniitage and Mary ( A'ocirhees ) Drake, was 
born in Hojiewell township, Mercer county. 
New Jersey, July 2, 1845. He acquired his 
early literary education in public schools and 
Lawrenceville high school, graduating froiii 
the latter in 1864. He tht'u entered Rutgers 



College and graduated A. 1;!. in 1868; A. M. in 
course, 1871. He read law under the direction 
of his uncle, Peter L. X'oorhees, and was ad- 
mitted as attorney in 1871 and as counsellor in 
June, 1874. Mr. Drake is a member of the 
Cnited States circuit and district courts of 
New Jersey and also of the eastern district of 
Pennsylvania. His practice is general in the 
civil courts, although he inclines in preference 
to cases in the e(|uity courts. He is a member 
of the New Jersey State Bar .Association, 
Camden County Bar Association, i^hiladelphia 
F.thical Culture Society, and in politics is an 
independent. He is an. occasional and interest- 
ing contributor to current literature and his 
articles on economic subjects generally have 
appeared in various magazine publications. Mr. 
Drake married, November 25, 1888, Sacia 
Hersey. daughter of Rev. Holden R. Nye, D. 
D., of Norwood, Massachusetts, a clergyman 
of the Universalist church. Children: i. 
Ouaesita Cromwell Frazier, born August 29. 
1889: student at Vassar. 2. Beata X'oorliees 
\rmitage, born April 21, 1891, now a student 
at the Friends' School, Jenkintown. Pennsyl- 



John Ogden, founder of the 
OGDEN Ogdens of Elizabetlitown, be- 
longs to that small group of 
families that can trace back step by step their 
pedigree for generation after generation in the 
mother country with more certainty than con- 
jecture, and can say with assurance "We go 
back to William the Con(|ueror." At first 
written de Hoghton. and then passing through 
a variety of spellings until it finally crystal- 
lized in its present form, the family surname 
belongs to that class of Saxon cognomens 
which have a local or territorial signification, 
for the word Ogden means the vale of oaks, 
and the Ogdens were the dwellers in the oak- 
dale. Consequently on their arms have always 
been found the oak branch or the leaf or the 
acorn and sometimes two or more of these 
combined. 

^\'hile there are Ogden records as early as 
1 1 50. when Peter de Hoghton founded thC' 
]iriory of I'Irden or Arden, near Black Haniel- 
don, in the deanery of Cleveland, the earliest 
discoverable ancestor of John Ogden, of Eliz- 
abethtown, appears to be Robert Ogden, of 
Hampshire, from whom likewise are descend- 
ed the Ogdens of Rye, Westchester county. 
New York, the Ogdens of Fairfield, Connecti- 
cut, and the Quaker Ogdens of Philadelphia. 
(I) Roliert Ogden is on record in 1453. 



'"^4 



STATl-: OF NEW JliRSEY. 



when he a])pcars as a witness to a grant of 
land in Xutle)', Hampsliire, and again in 1457. 
in connection with a post-mortem search con- 
cerning lands I)elonging to Joan Ogden, of 
ElHngham, connt_v Southants. This Joan was 
probably his wife and the mother of his two 
recorded children, Richard and William. \\'ill- 
iam Ogden, of EUingham, whose will is dated 
September 8, 15 17, and proved the same year, 
married Agnes, daughter of John llamlyn, 
and had five children: Richard; Jane; Eliza- 
l)eth, married John Nicholls, of Roundway, 
county Wilts; Alice, wife of Robert West- 
bury, of Hants; and John. John Ogden, of 
]'"Ilingham, w'ho died in 1560, married Jane, 
daughter of Hugh Mollineux, and had \\i\\- 
iam, married Eleanor, daughter of Sir William 
Meux and Eleanor Strangeways, of Kingston, 
Jsle of Wight ; Agnes, married a Mr. Alorgan, 
of Peldon, and Philip. Philip Ogden was 
twice married ; first to Alice, daughter of Will- 
iam Sharye, of Sarum, who bore him two chil- 
dren : Jane, and Anne, wife of Edward, son 
of Thomas Wilmot and Anne Twedy, and 
grandson of Edward W^ilmot, of Newent, 
county (iloucester. Philip's second wife was 
Bridget, daughter of William Kelloway, who 
bore him two more children: John and Will- 
iam. William Ogden died in 1664; married, 
1598, Elizabeth, daughter of George Uvedale 
and Margery Mille, of Purbeck, and had one 
child, Edward, the father of John Ogden, 
who was granted arms by Charles II for ser- 
vices rendered b>- John Ogden to his royal 
father. This John was the father of David, 
the founder of the Quaker Ogden family. 

(II) Richard, son of Robert and Joan 
Ogden, married before March 8, 1503, Mabel, 
(laughter of Johannes de Hoogan, of the 
parish of Lyiidhurst, Plants, as appears from 
an indenture of September 19, 15 13, in which 
Mabel, wife of Richard Ogden, releases to 
Thomas Delavale, of Lyndhurst, land which 
she had from her father, deceased, and also 
other land which she and her husband had of 
Walter de Hoogan, her husband's brother, by 
deed dated March 8. 1 503. Richard and Mabel 
(de Hoogan) Ogden had three children: i. 
John, married Margaret, daughter of Robert 
Wharton, and had two children : Elizabeth 
and Margaret. 2. Robert, whose line became 
extinct in 161 3. 3. William, see forward. 

(III) William, son of Richard and Mabel 
(de Hoogan) Ogden, married. May 9, 1530. 
.Abigail, daughter of Henry Goodsall, of Brad- 
ley Plain, Southants, and left three children : 
I. Edward, see forward. 2. Abigail, born July 



14, 1541 ; married, October 3, 1562, Philip 
I'ennet, and had issue. 3. Charles, born 1543; 
married a Miss Williams. 

(IV) Edward, son of William and Abigail 
(Gcodsall) Ogden, was born September 6, 
1540, at Iiradley Plain, and married there. De- 
cember 16, 1563, Alargaret, daughter of Rich- 
ard and Margaret Wilson. December 18. 
1563, Richard and Margaret Wilson confirm 
to their son-in-law and daughter and their 
lawful issue land in Bradley Plain, and four 
acres in ^linstead. Edward and Margaret 
(^Wilson) Ogden had five children : i. Thomas, 
see forward. 2. Margaret, born February 21, 
1566; married, February 6, 1593. Isaac Sam- 
ford. 3. Richard, see forward. 4. Edward, 
died in infancy, April 17, 1570. 5. John, see 
forward. 

(V) Thomas, eldest son of Edward and 
Margaret (Wilson) Ogden, born in Bradley 
Plain, May 4, 1565 ; married, February 16, 
1597, Fllizabeth, daughter of John Samford, 
and had three children: i. Mary, born Janu- 
ary 12, 1598, died unmarried. 2. Jolin, Sep- 
tember 3, 1600; married (first) May 4, 1627, 
Anne, daughter of Jose])h Richardson, and 
(second) probably in Stamford, Connecticut, 
Judith, daughter of Lieutenant John Budd, 
the original purchaser of Budd's Neck, now a 
part of the town of Rye, W'estchester county. 
New ^'ork. This John Ogden was one of the 
petitioners to Charles II for the charter of 
Connecticut, and in 1674 and 1675 was deputy 
governor of the state. He was instrumental in 
settling the boundary line between New York 
and Connecticut, and must not be confounded 
with his cousin John of Southampton and 
Elizabethtown, hereafter referred to. John 
Ogden, of Rye, died before August 7, 1682, 
when his widow Judith i^resented to the pro- 
bate court of Fairfield the inventory of his 
estate ; his descendants are numerous. 3. Mar- 
garet, July I, 1601 ; married Samuel Hope. 

(V) Richard, second son of Edward and 
Margaret (Wilson) Ogden, was born at Brad- 
ley Plain, May 15, 1568; married, Alay 2, 
1592. Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel and Mar- 
garet (Crane) Huntington. Children: i. 
Richard, born Mav 3, 1596, died in infancy. 2. 
Richard, Septeinber 18, 1597, died May 3, 
1599. 3. Edward, July 21, 1598; married, De- 
cember 2, 1630, Elizabeth, daughter of Ed- 
ward and Alice (Dimery) Knight, of Wood- 
bury Hill, Worcester. 4. Elizabeth, Decem- 
ber 17, 1603, died in infancy. 5. Elizabeth, 
May 13, 1607, married Mr. Martin. 6. John, 
referred to below. 7. Richard, July i, 1610, 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



85 



(lied Fairfield, Connecticut, early in 1687: 
married, Bradley Plain, August 31, i'i39. 
Mary, daughter of Uavid Hall, of Gloucester, 
England. His sons, Richard and David, lived 
and died in Fairfield, and their descendants 
are there now, John, his youngest son, removed 
to Cohansey, New Jersey, and his descendants 
arc numerous. Of his daughters, Hannah, 
married Sergeant Samuel \Vard, Thankful. 
Daniel Silliman, Elizabeth, Daniel Meeker, 
and Elizabeth, who died before her father, 
John Pine. 8. David, June 11, 161 1, died with- 
out issue. 

(V) John, son of Edward and Margaret 
(Wilson) Ogden, born September ig. 1571. 
married, May 2, 1592, Afargaret, daughter of 
Samuel and Margaret ( Crane 1 Huntington. 
The record continues: "^largaret Crane's 
nephew, Jasper Crane, emigrated to Newark, 
New Jersey, and his daughter Hannah mar- 
ried Thomas Huntington, son of .^imon. who 
emigrated to Massachusetts, but died on the 
passage from England to Boston, in ifi^^." 

(\'I) John (2), fourth son of Ricliar(l and 
l^lizabeth ( Huntington ) Ogden, was born in 
liradley Plain, September 19, 1609, died in 
Hlizabethtown, New Jersey, in May. 1682. 
His youth and early married life were spent 
in the place of his birth and he seems to have 
prospered there, as October 18, 1639. he con- 
veys to Ezekiel Howard, of liradley Plain, a 
garden, an orchard, four acres of pastinx\ and 
two acres of woodland, with ajjpurtenances. 
This was shortly before he took ship with his 
wife and three infant children for the new 
world, where we find him in the following 
year. April 17, 1640. being granted the tract on 
I-.ong Island known as the .Shinnecock Hill to 
the west of Southampton, in the founding of 
which town he took one c)f the leading parts. 
-At this time the Dutch in New Amsterdam 
were very desirous of building a new church 
for themselves, for their old one was in a very 
dilapidated condition, and as Captain David 
De \'ries told the director general, "It is a 
shame that the English should see. when they 
passed, nothing but a mean barn in wiiich 
public worship was performed. The fir.st 
thing they do in New England, when they 
raise some dwellings, is. on the contrary, to 
buihl a fine church, we ought to do the same." 
Director Kieft had promised to advance some 
thousand guilders from the public chest and 
the remainder was to be raised by private sub- 
scrijition. Then came the marriage of the 
daughter of Dominie P)Ogardus. which was 
happily conceived of as a good time to raise 



the fund required. So when the wedding 
party was in the height of good humor, and 
mellow with the host's good cheer, the director 
general called on the guests to subscribe. The 
disposition to be generous at such a time was 
not wanting, and each guest emulating his 
neighbor, a handsome list was made out. ^^'hen 
the morning came, a few more were found 
desirous of reconsidering the transactions of 
ihe wedding feast, but Director Kieft would 
allow no such second thought. They must pay 
all without exception. Consequently the direc- 
tor entered into the following contract with the 
brothers. John and Richard Ogden : 

"Appeared before me Cornelis van Tien- 
hoven, secretary in behalf of the General Priv- 
ileged \\'est India Company, in New Nether- 
land, the 1 lonorable William Kieft, Church- 
master, at the request of his brethren, the 
Church master of the Church in New Nether- 
land, to transact and in their name to conclude 
the following business: So did he as Church- 
master agree with John Ogden about a church 
in the following manner ; John Ogden of 
Stamford and Richard Ogden engaged tiibuijd 
in behalf of said Churchmastcrs a church of 
rock-stone, seventy-two feet long, fifty feet 
broad and sixteen feet high above the soil all 
in good order and in workman like manner. 
They shall be obliged to procure the stone and 
bring it on shore near the fort at their own 
expense from whence the Church masters shall 
further convey the stone to the place where it 
is intended to build the church at their own 
expense. The Churchmastcrs aforesaid will 
|)rocure as much lime as shall be required for 
the building of the aforesaid church. John 
and Richard Ogden shall at their own charge 
pay for the masonry, etc.. provided that when 
the work shall be finished the Churchmastcrs 
shall pay to them the sum of two thousand 
five hundred guilders, which payment shall be 
made in beaver, cash, or merchandise, to wit: 
If the Churchmastcrs are satisfied with the 
work so that in their judgment the two thou- 
sand five hundred guilders shall have been 
earned then the said Churchmastcrs shall 
reward them with one hundred guilders more : 
and the further promise to John and Richard 
Ogden to assist them whenever it is in their 
power. They further agree to facilitate tin- 
carrying the stone thither, and that John and 
Richard Ogden may use during a month or 
six weeks the company's boat ; engaging them- 
selves and the aforesaid John and Richard 
Ogden to finish the undertaken work in the 
manner thev contracted. Done in I'oit Am- 



86 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



sterdani in Xew Nethcrlaiid. ( Signed ) W'il- 
lem Kieft, John Ogden. Richard Ogden, (jvs- 
bert op Dyck. Thinias Willett." ( Albany rec- 
ords 3:31). 

Director Kieft. who probably even then had 
in contemplation his plan of exterminating the 
Indians and was therefore desirous of provid- 
ing against future contingencies, had this new 
church built within the fort itself, although 
according to contemporary writers the people 
generally were opposed to such a site arguing 
that "the fort was already very small, that it 
stood on the point or extremity of the island 
whereas a more central position ought to be 
selected for the accommodation of the faithful 
generally, and in particular that the erection of 
a church within the fort would prevent the 
southeast wind reaching the grist-mill which 
stood thereabout and thus cause the people to 
sufifer especiallv in summer through want of 
bread." Consequently the new church pro- 
ceeded rather slowly in building and it was 
two or three years before it was even advanced 
enough for services to be held in it in its unfin- 
ished condition. At length, however, the shin- 
gle roof was put on, and to commemorate the 
zeal both of the director-general and the com- 
monalty on this occasion a marble slab was 
placed cf)ns])icuonsly in front of the build- 
ing with the fi)ll(i\\iiig ii)scri])tion engraved 
thereon : 

I ".Amio ihj.2. \\ illem Kieft, Directeur- 
(ienerael, heeft de gemeente desen Tempel 
doen bouwen," that is "In the )ear 1642 Will- 
iam Kieft iJirector-general. hath the Common- 
alty this Temple caused to be built." Writing 
in 18 1 7, Judge Benson says that when the fort 
was taken down "a few years since." the mar- 
ble slab above alluded to was found with the 
Dutch inscription on it, buried in the earth, 
and then removed t<i the belfry of the church 
in ( iarden street, Xew \'ork. belonging to the 
Dutch Reformed congregation. ( )n the de- 
struction of the latter building by the great 
fire of 1835, l'"" ^''''' totally disa])])eared. 

From the contract for this church it would 
apj)car that John Ogden had removed from 
.Southamiiton to Stamford, but he did not long 
remain there, for after three years residence, 
during 1644. he and several other settlers, who 
had grown restive under the limited franchise 
granted them by the New Haven Colony, de- 
cided to try their fortunes under the Dutch 
government on Long Island and accordinglv 
located themselves at Hempstead; and on 
making application to Director Kieft, received 
from him a j)atent to "the Crcat Plains." His 



associates in this venture were the Rev. Robert 
Fordham.John Strickland, John Karman,John 
Lawrence and fonas Wood. Here too he was 
unable to find a home which satisfied him, and 
we learn of him in 1647 obtaining permission 
from the authorities of Southampton to plant 
a colonv of six families at "North Sea" (Great 
I'econic Bay) about three miles from South- 
ampton. Later this place became known as 
Northampton. About this time too. if not at 
an earlier ])eriod. John Ogden became inter- 
ested in the whaling industry which engaged 
his attention up to as late as 1668. January 
30, 1650, the general court of Southampton 
gave him "free liberty without interruption 
from the Inhabitants of Southampton to kill 
whales vpon the South Sea (i. e. the ocean) at 
or within any part of the bounds of the saide 
towne for the space of seaven yeares next 
ensuing the date hereof and in that space noe 
liberty shall be granted to any by the saide 
inhabitants to any other person or persons 
to kill or strike any within the bounils of the 
saide towne." Three years later, August 21, 
1654, this liberty was renewed to "Mr. Odell 
and Mr. Ogden and their company vpon the 
same termes with the exceptions following, ist 
yf any whale come within Shinecock bay gut 
they the said company are not to medle with 
them, nor any other whale or whales wherein 
there is no sign of their killing them at sea, but 
they shall belong to the town as formerly. By 
the said signes of said company their killing 
any whale is to be understood by harping irons 
v])on them or" (the remainder of the record 
gone). 

.March 31. 11)50. John ( )g(len began hi< 
prominent public career in Southampton by 
1)eing made a freeman by the general court 
along with Thomas Toj)ping. .After this, not 
only is he one of the most fre(|uently chosen 
jurors, but from fX-tober 7. 1030, to Octol)er 
(). 1652. and from Octoljer 7. 1635. to October 
6. i6(')3. he served as one of the three town 
magistrates. Ileginning with the year 1656 he 
also has a record of continuous service as one 
of the two representatives of the town at the 
assembly in Hartford. March 6, 1657. he was 
one of the six men chosen at the town meeting 
to arbitrate concerning the land at South- 
ampton which was claimed by the men of 
I'"asthampton. On .April 30, following he was 
selected as one of the forty men who were 
to "have half a pound of powder apeece deliv- 
ered ''' * * out of ye magazen." For some 
reason or other the town had divided its ox 
pasture into two divisions se|)arated from each 



STATE OF NEW [ERSEY. 



87 



other by a live rail fence, and June 2. 1657, 
tlie town voted that "Edward Howell and 
John Ogden should adjudge unlawful cattle 
and horses in the ox pasture (i. e. those be- 
longing in one division and found in the other j, 
and turn them out. They shall also judge if 
fence of ox pasture is sufficient and whosoever 
is found defective in their fence shall make it 
sufficient by seven nights they having notice 
bv the next 3d day at night upon forfeiture of 
5s a pole for every neglect and if found within 
the ox pasture after being turned out by the 
aforesaid men they shall forfeit 2s a beast to 
be levied by way of execution." May 5, 1658. 
by a majority vote of the town meeting "John 
(jgden is directed to send over all money in 
constable's hands to discharge the town's debts 
and to act in the town's behalf in anything he 
conceived may redown to the good of the 
town." And again November 25, 1659. he was 
one of the twelve men chosen by the town to 
"regulate the town papers and writings to 
cashiere those that are in their Judgement 
vnnecessary and put select documents in con- 
venient form for the towns vse. Also to select 
all laws from the law book at Hartford that 
apply to the town." Each man was to forfeit 
to the town 2s, 6d per day if he did not have 
"reasonable cause for his absence" while the 
board was sitting. 

March 7, 1651, Richard Mills, the school- 
master and town clerk, sold his homestead to 
John Cooper, Jr., but in doing so infringed 
apparently upon the rights of John Ogden, 
who March 10, 1651, entered an action of tres- 
])ass against Mills with regard to the property. 
Mills retaliating the same day with a counter 
action against John Ogden. The following day 
(he court found a verdict for John Ogden in 
both suits and sentenced Alills to paj- 40s, 
damages and costs. John Ogden then began 
suit against John Cooper and the court again 
found for Ogden, assessing the defendant 2d 
and costs, and upon Cooper's appealing to the 
general court that body, November 3, 1651, 
again decided in John Ogden's favor. About 
a year later, February 25, 1652, John Ogden 
is again brought into court, this time as defend- 
ant in a suit brought against him by Mr. John 
,Stanborough "in an action of debt in the behalf 
of Mr. Robert Scott of Boston merchant, " and 
on the ensuing March i, the case is settled by 
arbitration. 

John Ogden was also called upon to settle 
the ]jrivate as well as the public affairs of 
others. April 4, 1654, the general court order- 
ed that "Mr. John Ogden Sen & Jonas Wood 



shall bee prizers of the goods and chattells be- 
longing to Wm. Paine of late deceased ;" and 
at the quarter court, March i, 1658, John 
( )gden and Samuel Clark are appointed ad- 
ministrators for the estate of Mark Meiggs, 
who with his father \incent, brother John, 
and wife Avis had been residents of North 
Sea since 1651. Meiggs had left a will, leav- 
ing his property to his wife for her life and 
after her death to Samuel, son of John Lum ; 
but apparently had made no provision for the 
pavment of his debts, for when the adminis- 
trators reported that they had "sold at an out- 
cry" six items belonging to the estate, the 
court ordered that the proceeds be handed to 
John Ogden and Samuel Clark in i^ayment of 
-Meiggs debts. Three of these items had been 
bidden in by John Ogden for £13, los, namely, 
four shotes, for £2, 4s: two yearling bulls and 
a calf for £5, los; and two ewes, two lambs, 
and "half of a calf" for £5, 16s. Two of the 
remaining three items, the "half of a three 
\ear old and half of a two year old," and 
.Meiggs house and lot had been bought by 
John Scot who, however, did not pay for the 
second item, and was consequently ordered by 
the court to pay the marshall £2 "for contempt 
of court order and court charge." 

John Ogden's real estate transactions, while 
he sojourned on Long Island were quite exten- 
sive, lieginning with his grant of the Shinne- 
cock Hill, .\pril 17, 1640, his share in the 
patent of the Great Plains from Governor 
Kieft in 1644, we find him steadily increasing 
his holdings up to 1659, when he begins to 
di.spose of them again, piece by piece until by 
the end of 1667 he has sold out all of his 
interests. February 21, 1649, "It is granted 
by the major parte of this towne (i. e. South- 
ampton ) that Mr. Ogden and his company shall 
have Cow Neck and JelTery Neck for their owne 
l)ro]ier Right : also that they shall have for their 
planting Land in either or both of said necks 
three hundred 24 Acres of said Land provided 
they settle vpon it and vpon the same grant 
they are to have all the meadow betwixt the 
brooke by the Sachems house and Hogneck 
spring for their proper Right provided it bee 
not above a mile from the sea side the North 
Sea ; \"pon these conditions following first that 
they must pay to all Common Rates with the 
Towne after the rate of nine hundred pounds 
according to the takeings vp of those men that 
dwell in the Towne: 2iy that Hee shall plant 
there six familyes or more that shall there Live 
and have there abode: 3iy that In Case that 
the whole bounds of the Towne come to bee 



C 



88 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



stinted for Cattell then they must bee stinted 
for summer feed as they are that hve at the 
towne : by the same Rule in Common Rates as 
aforesaid is alsoe inchided the misters meenes."' 
April 15, 1656, we find the entry, "Mr Ogden 
acknowledgment yt Mr. Odell his lotment in 
Sagaponack devision belongeth to him," June 
5. 1657, he bought Samuel Dayton's house and 
home lot "and five acres in the ten acre Lotts 
and four in coopers neck and two acres more 
in another place also he bouyht the meddow 
belonging to it." January 10, 1658, the town 
meeting granted him "that part of swamp that 
lies against his lot in Coopers lott ;" and May 
12. 1659, he purchased from \\'yandanch, 
sachem of |)aumanicke and his son W'eeaya- 
comboune, another large tract of land. About 
two weeks after this last purchase, John Ogden 
began to get rid of some of his accumulated 
real estate holdings, and Ma}- 25. 1659, he re- 
cords the following acknowledgments : that "hee 
hath sould vnto Ellis Cooke and Isaac Will- 
man the division of Sagaponack at mecox that 
was formerly Goodman White's which lieth 
for twe acres ;" and that he "hath sould vnto 
Ellis Cooke and Isaack Willman one allotment 
of Sagaponack division numb 7,2 that was for- 
merly Isaack Willman allso hee acknowledgth 
he hath sould vnto Ellis and the said Isaac 
anothr lott that was fermely in the hands of 
Mr loanes at mee cooks in numb 33 also an- 
othr lot lately in the hands of lohn Iseevp & 
Jonas Hour Numb 35 also an acre and half 
lately in the hands of lohn White and lonas 
ISour lying between Edward loanes and Isaack 
Willman." lietween this date and February 
2. ifi<')3. John Ogden also sold to John Scot a 
l)art of the land he had received from the In- 
dian sachem Wyandanch ; and the ensuing 
March i, 1663. he sold to Ellis Cooke "the 
land he bought of William Eudlam, at Me- 
cocks. one ])arcel being all that field that v])on 
the laying out of that division lay bctweene the 
highway ncNt the millers and the next creek 
on the east or southeast the other parcel lying 
on little neck on the west side of the creek 
which is on the west side of .Arthur Howells 
land and was sometime in ])osscssion of Rich- 
ard Woodhull." From the above sales it would 
seem that John Ogden was determined not to 
remain a subject of England under a monarch- 
ical rule, for he begins to get rid of his land 
and to lay his plans for removing Ui a countrv 
then under the more democratic government 
of the Dutch at the same time that Qiarlcs 
11 was coming back to his throne. On .'\pril 
12. if/u. just before he set out for his last 



pilgrimage to New Jersey, he sold "and deliv- 
ered to his uncle (i. e. his cousin) Mr. lohn 
( )gden ( of Rye ) his houseing and home lot 
with all ye land lying at the reare thereof and 
allsoe his fifteen accres lying at the Long 
Springs aid alsoe the priviledges to a fifty 
pound lot." This property was sold by John 
Ogden. of Rye, September 7. 1665. to his own 
son-in-law. John Woodrutif; and he in turn on 
the same date sold it to Robert Wooley. Sep- 
tember 6, 1665, John Ogden of Southampton 
sold "all his land lying neere the north sea 
howses in that place comonly called the field 
by the Clay pits (except ye quantity of two 
poles all along by the ditch side therein to digg 
or delve it to the ditch I vnto lohn Rose of ye 
said north sea him his heyres and assings for 
ever. .\s alsoe hee ye said Mr. lohn Ogden 
hath sould and delivered one peece of meadow 
of his lying in Cow Neck vnto him the said 
lohn Rose the said meadow being bounded by 
Tho Shaw his meadow on the west side and 
ye said lohn Rose his meadow on the north- 
ward side." September 8,' 1666, he sells to 
John Langton a "50 of commonage;'' and No- 
vember 2. 1667. he completes the severing of 
his comiection with the town of Southampton 
by the following document: "Know all men 
by these j^resents that whereas I lohn Ogden 
of Elizabeth Towne in New Jersey take myself 
to have true right and title to one himdred 
acres (jf meadow ground or salt marsh lying 
on ye side of a bay commonly Paeconnet or 
I'ehickoneck next or towards Southamptoti 
lands aid alsoe whereas formerly 1 have given 
and granted all my right in and title to ye said 
meadows vnto the said town of Southam])ton 
(Ml I.oug Island (my said right being derived 
from Wyandanca .Sachem of .Meantauket) I 
doe liere!)y assume and confirme vnto the said 
towne my whole Interest in the premises they 
and their assigns or successors to have & hoki 
ve same forever from mee and my heirs or 
assigns or from what I have done or may doe 
or any in my name maj' cause to bee flone. 
Witness my hand this 2 of November .\n Dom 
1^)67. lolin()gden. In presence of lohn Rich- 
bell lonas 1 louldsworth." .Although he thus 
several all legal connection with his late resi- 
dence. John Ogden still left his name to be 
associated with various bits of the locality, and 
from then on to 1708 we find in the old deeds 
references to "Ogden's Pond," and "Ogden's 
Neck." There were also most probably other 
traces of his work that a more careful inspec- 
tion of the records would afTord especially a.^ 
I'Vbruary i", 1661, Giristopher Foster and 



STATE OF NKW lERSEY. 



89 



Henry ^it■l■^on were ordered to assist John 
(Jgden and Samuel Clark "to lay out the land 
which (according to a vote passed January 22, 
1660) was granted vnto the North Sea Inhabi- 
tants whoe are to satisfy sd men for their 
labour in laying out ye sd land and what ever 
the sd layers out act and doe in laying out any 
])t or parcel! of land as aforesaid it being 
according to theire discretion it shall stand 
authentick forever to them to whom it Shall in 
particular belong" 

X'ovember 29. 1659, John Ogden contracted 
with the town to put a floor and seating in the 
meeting house at an estimated cost of £60, the 
cost to be taken from nioneis due from the 
Indians by virtue of covenants and court 
orders held at Hartford. It w'ould seem as if 
£40 in excess of the above amount would be 
due from the Indians within five years and 
John Ogden was to pass this sum to the town 
authorities. He agreed that there should be no 
disturbance with the Indians in collections and 
that they should not be held for debt or be dis- 
])ossessed of their property should they leave 
it in the mean time. .\t this time the Shinne- 
cock Indians owed John Ogden £400 for whicli 
their chief. \\'yandandanch, stood sponsor. 
hVbruary 11, 1663, the Shinnecock Indians 
made a treaty w-ith the English, according to 
which the Indians were to obey the English 
laws, be jirivileged to take up grievances with 
other Indian tribes, and to "pay the £40 due 
the English of Southampton and relieve John 
Ogden of said debt." As they did not pay. 
however, John Ogden, November 7, 1667, em- 
|jloyed John Howell and Henry Pierson as his 
attorneys to collect it. It is possible that the 
. only recorded mortgage obtained by John Ogden 
on his house and home lot for £42, 15s, dated 
August 17, 1663, about six months before the 
treaty mentioned above, was connected with 
this debt. 

Se])tember 2^. 1664. John llailey, Daniel 
Denton, Thomas I'.ennydick, Nathaniel Den- 
ton, John Foster and Euke Watson, a])plied 
to (iovernor Nichols for permission to pur- 
chase land in New Jersey from the Indians. 
The permission was granted September 30, 
and on October 28, following, John Bailey. 
Daniel Denton, and Luke Watson obtained 
from the Indians a deed for all the land 
"bounded on the South by a River commonly 
called the Raritan River, and on the East, by 
the River which parts Staten Island and the 
Maine, and to run Northward up After Cull 
Raye till we come to the first River which 
setts Westward out of the Rav aforesaid and 



to runn Westward into the Count)- twice the 
Length as it is Broad from the north to the 
South of the aforementioned bounds." The 
consideration received by the Indians for this 
tract was "twenty fathom of trayden Cloth two 
made Cotes two guQnes two kettles ten barres 
of Lead twenty handfulls of Powder foure 
hundred fathom of white wampum or two hun- 
dred fathom of black vvampom," the whole 
valued at £36, 14s. The grantors were 
.Mattano, Manamowaone, and Cowessomen 
of Staten Island, but the deed was only signed 
by Mattano. December 2, 1664. Governor 
.Nichols confirmed the deed to John Bailey and 
Luke Watson, of Jamaica, Captain John 
Baker, of New York, John Ogden, of North- 
ampton, "and their associates." It is doubt- 
ful, however, if any others than the four men- 
tioned were at that time interested. Raker 
had been allowed to particijiate in the benefits 
of the purchase without contributing to its ex- 
pense, probably in return for his services as 
interpreter; and November 24, 1665, when the 
final payment was made to the Indians, Gov- 
ernor Carteret bought up Railey's interest and 
John Ogden, Denton's: and consequently in 
the transfer to be noticed presently to Daniel 
Pierce and his associates, the only signers of 
the deed are Carteret, Ogden and Watson, 
they being the onl\' persons interested in the 
title. The payments to the Indians were made 
by John Ogden, and appended to the Indian 
deed is the following receipt on account : "Re- 
ceived of John Ogden in part of the above 
specified foure hundred feet of wampum I 
say Received one hundred fathom of wam- 
pum by mee the 18 of .\ugust 1663, Alattano, 
.Sewak Herones, Warinanco of Staten Island. ' 
It is important to note that the documents 
which have come to light since Hatfield pub- 
lished his "History of Elizabeth" entirely dis- 
prove his contention that the Elizabethtown 
associates held their land under the Nichols' 
grant and not under patent from the proprie- 
tors. When Carteret arrived he found four 
families, the pioneers of the Jamaica colony 
at Elizabethtown, and from the first these and 
many others of those who afterwards became 
parties to the suit in chancery acknowledged 
the authority of the governor and complied 
with the regulations of the ])roprietors. The 
denial of the rights of the proprietors was an 
afterthought, due to the subsequent litigation 
which ensued when the magnitude of the in- 
terests at stake were better discerned. Im- 
mediately on his arrival. Governor Carteret 
dispatched special agents to "New England 



90 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



and other places" to publish the terms of the 
"Concessions" and to invite emigration to New 
Jersey. The original Indian deed was to 
Bailey, Denton and Watson, and before 1666 
the vested right under this deed belonged 
solely to Carteret, Ogden and Watson. In 
consequence of Carteret's invitation, Daniel 
Tierce. John Pike, and Andrew Tappan, of 
Newbury. Massachusetts, came to New Jer- 
sey, fixed on the southern part of the Eliza- 
bethtown tract as a desirable location, and 
agreed with Philip Carteret as "Governor of 
the Province" and "in behalf of the Lords 
Proprietors," May 21, 1666, John Ogden being 
the governor's witness to the agreement, that 
"they shall have liberty * * * (q lay out 
every man's proportion of land according to 
their judgment and discretion, not exceeding 
the proportion limited in the Lords Proprie- 
tors' Concessions * * * for the half- 
penny per acre per annum due the Lords Pro- 
prietors, the payment to begin the 25th of 
March 1670, and that every man shall pay 
yearly in the Country-pay for no more Land 
than what is appropriated to him by patent, 
])rovided that every person shall patent so 
much land in projiortion as is specified in the 
Concessions or according to their estates, and 
that all lands so patented shall be surveyed 
and bounded by the Surveyor-general or his 
deputy" : and in return the "said Daniel Pierce 
;ni(l his associates shall and may enjoy forever 
.•ill and singular the before demised premises 
in as full and amj)le a manner as the said 
Ca|)t. Carteret. John Ogden and Luke Watson 
do hold and enjoy the same." The foregoing 
fully shows the fallacy of Hatfield's statement 
iliat Carteret. Ogden and \\'atson were the 
"representatives of the Associates of the 
Town" instead of the deputies of the Lords 
jirnprietnrs. and for a complete and very lucid 
discussion of the whole subject the reader is 
referred to Whitehead's "East Jersey under 
the Pro]irietors (iovernments." pages 267 to 
2S3. ( )ne thing, however, must be mentioned 
here. John Ogden, who joined Carteret in 
signing the grant of tiie .Southern moiety of 
the IClizabethtown tract, and also the allot- 
ment of the same tract to the pro])rietors was 
one of those to whom the tract had been con- 
firmed by Nichols, was also one of those pres- 
ent when Carteret arrived, was one of those 
wiio paid the Indians the consideration for the 
tract, was ])erfectl\- conversant with all the 
circumstances of the settlement, capable, hon- 
est, intelligent, fully able to ap])reciate the re- 
lations e.visting between the parties, and he 



could scarcely have been invited, as he was, 
to become one of the governor's council, and 
assuredly would not have accepted the po- 
sition and acted in concert with the governor, 
had he not been satisfied of the paramount 
title of the |iroprietors. And although even- 
tually found arrayed in opposition to the gov- 
ernor, it was subse(|uent to the period under 
review, and when reasons of a personal char- 
acter existed to account for the change. 

Among the questions brought up at a later 
date in the controversy between the proprie- 
tors and the Elizabethtown claimants was that 
of the settlement of Newark, whether it was 
made under the Elizal)eth Indian purchase or 
under the authority of the proprietors. In 
the answer to the bill in chancery the affida- 
vit of Joseph Woodruf?, an old man, made 
July 26, 1743, is given in relation to the mat- 
ter, in which he states "he had heard Governor 
Treat (of Connecticut, and one of the original 
settlers of Newark) tell after what manner 
the hue was settled between the two towns : 
and that it was done in so loving and solemn 
a manner that he thought it ought never to be 
removed; for he (the governor) himself being 
among them at that time prayed with them 
on Dividend Hill (so-called) that there might 
be a good agreement between them ; and that 
it was agreed upon by the settlers of each town 
that the line between them should stand and 
remain from Dividend Hill to rini a nortii- 
west course: and the governor said that after 
the agreement. Mr. John Ogden. being one of 
the first purchasers, prayed among the people, 
and returned thanks for their loving agree- 
ment." This event took place May 20, 1668, 
and the commissioners for the two towns were, 
for Newark, Jasper Crane, Robert Treat, Mat- 
thew Camfeild, Samuel Swain, Richard Har- 
rison and Thomas Johnson, and for Elizabeth- 
town, John Ogden, Luke Watson. Robert 
l!ond and Jet^ery Joanes. 

February 19, 1663, John Ogden was the 
first of the sixty-five men who took the oath 
of allegience to King Charles II, and he was 
followed by his sons John, David, and Jona- 
than. His younger sons took the oath later 
on reaching their majority. October 26, 1665, 
Governor Carteret apjiointed him justice of the 
peace: and the following November i. a mem- 
ber of his council and deputy-governor. Ma\ 
26 to 30, 1668. John Ogden was one of the 
two "able men who were freeholders and 
dwellers within the limits" of Elizabethtown 
who were chosen in accordance with the gov- 
ernor's proclamation to be burgesses or rep- 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



91 



resentatives of the town, in the first legislative 
assembly in the history of New Jersey ; and at 
a town meeting of Newark January 22, 1671, 
"A[r Treat and Lieut Swain are deputed to 
Take the first opportunity to Advise with Mr 
Ogden or any other they see Cause what may 
he the Safest and Best Course to be taken for 
the Town about our Lands and Settlements 
here." This last suggested conference made 
by Newark had far reaching results. In 
March. 1670, and March, 167 1, the Newark 
peo])Ie had tendered the quitrents to the gov- 
ernor, although they had refused to take out 
their patents, but there is no record of their 
having even paid the quitrents in March, 
1672. March 25. 1670, the day when the first 
tjuitrent payments were to be made, was also 
the day when the suppressed passions of those 
inimical to the existing government broke 
forth in decided and violent opposition. Gov- 
ernor Carteret manfully struggled against the 
spirit of anarchy that was prevalent ; but his 
efforts were unavailing and influence of his 
opponents prevented all proper enforcement 
of his authority. March 26, 1672, a meeting 
of dejiuties from the ditiferent towns, desig- 
nated an assembly, was held: but some of tiie 
deputies having neglected to conform to the 
requisitions of the concessions as to their 
i|ualifications, the governor and his council 
did not recognize its validity, and probably 
in accordance with the wishes of the governor 
and council, William Pardon, the assistant sec- 
retary of the council, who had the custody of 
the documents of the meeting, suppressefi 
them. This brought affairs to a crisis. An- 
other meeting was held in Elizabethtown, com- 
posed of representatives of Elizabethtown, 
Newark, W'oodbridge, Piscataway and Ber- 
gen ; but as they met "without the knowledge, 
a])])robation or consent" of the governor and 
council, they of course did not co-operate and 
the assemblage failed in one of the essen- 
tials of a general assembly, even if all of those 
jjrescnt had been dulv qualified as members 
The sjiirit of revolt, however, made this ab- 
sence of the governor and council the excuse 
for the highhanded proceeding of appointing 
James, son of Sir (ieorge Carteret, as "Presi- 
dent of the Country" with full gubernatcirial 
powers, a proceeding which manifestly ex- 
ceeded the largest interpretation of the clause 
of the concessions under which they professed 
to act. Counter proclamations now ensued, 
but the power to enforce obedience seems to 
have been with the usurper, and officers of 
the government were imprisoned and their 



estates confiscated. May 25, 1672, James Car- 
teret issued a warrant for the apprehension 
of William Pardon, the deputy secretary, di- 
recting the constable to keep him in custody 
until he delivered up the acts of the "Gen- 
eral .\ssembly" of March 25. This Pardon 
refused to do and escaped from the constable. 
June 25. John Ogden issued an attachment 
upon Pardon's moveables, and July 9, James 
Carteret issued another against his houses and 
land, stating that Pardon had escaped and 
gone to England. Pardon subsecjuently re- 
turned and as a remuneration for his losses 
was appointed receiver-general of quitrents, 
and received a grant of five hundred acres of 
land, July 16, 1674. 

\\'hen the Dutch repossessed themselves of 
New Netherland, the inhabitants of Eliza- 
bethtown, Newark, W'oodbridge and Piscata- 
way promptly tendered a surrender of their 
towns to the supreme military tribunal at New 
Amsterdam. .August 18, 1673, at a conference 
there the conditions of their occupancy under 
the Dutch government was laid down, and 
each town was directed to nominate by a plu- 
ralitv of votes six ])ersons for schepens or 
magistrates and also two deputies tow'ards the 
constitution of a joint board for the purpose 
of nominating three persons for schouts and 
three for secretaries. From the nominations 
thus made, the council, on .August 24, selected 
three magistrates for each town and a schout 
and secretary for the six towns collectively, 
lohn Ogden being appointed schout and Sam- 
uel Hopkins secretary, September I, and the 
first duty of these officials being to take an 
inventory of the estate of ("iovernor Carteret. 
SejitLUilier 7, the schout and secretary com- 
|)laineil that Robert Lapriere had removed div- 
ers goods from the house of Governor Philip 
Carteret, which he refused to restore, and his 
arrest was ordered. As schout, also, John 
( 'gden summoned James Bollen. "late Secre- 
tarv of the Province of New Jersey," to give 
rp his papers within ten days under forfeiture 
of his ])roperty : and arrested and sent to New 
Amsterdam for trial Lapriere and John Sing- 
letary. September 11, 1673. John Ogden's 
n;nme is the first on the list of those who swore 
allegiance to the Dutch authorities, and Sep- 
ttmber 2(), some of the Indians having com- 
mitted depredations in the neighborhood, he 
wrote to Governor .Anthony Colve for in- 
structions and received the reply, dated "iTort 
W'illem Hendrik, 14th October 1673," re- 
quiring him to summon the Indian sachem be- 
f<ire the governor, and also to "send hether 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



bij ye rtr.st oppurtuiiity the arnies & other 
goods accurcHiig to Inventorij formerHj be- 
long to ye Late Goiivenirs Carterett." Octo- 
l)er I, 1673, the council of war sent instructions 
to Schout Ogden and the magistrates to pre- 
serve public peace and the administration of 
justice. "They required that the (Dutch) Re- 
formed Christian Religion be maintained. 
I'ovver was given them fur laying out high- 
ways, setting off lands and gardens, and in like 
manner what appertains to agriculture, ob- 
servance of the Sabbath, erecting churches, 
school houses or similar public works." No- 
vember 18, 1673, an assembly, composed of 
the "Schout and Magistrates of Achter Kol 
( the Dutch name for the part of New Jersey 
opposite Staten Island) to make laws and or- 
ders," was held at Elizabethtown. The ordi- 
nances were few and simple, pertaining mostly 
t(j morality and religion. John Ogden was 
now virtually the deputy-governor of the 
English towns in New Jersey under the Dutch 
rule, and he so continued until the treaty of 
Westminster, February 9, 1647, restored the 
territory to the English, who resumed control 
in the following November. January 30, 
1674, the records of the government which as 
mentioneil above had been taken out of the 
hands of James lloUen and deposited at Fort 
William 1 leiidrick were at the request of 
Schout John Ogden returned under inventory 
to the charge of Samuel Hopkins, "Secretary 
of .Achter Kol." ( h'or other items of simila:" 
interest see New York Colonial Documents, 
volume 2, pages 647. 714. 720, -jzz, J2^. 728, 
and J2I.). ) 

Joim ( )gden was settled upon his Elizabeth- 
town tract a> early as August, 1665, when Cov- 
ernor Philip Carteret arrived and determined 
to take u|) his residence with the "Ogden com- 
pany." J lis house was probably located on 
I'cint road, now Jilizabeth avenue, and near 
where Rtjbert Ogden, his great-grandson, and 
Colonel iiarber afterward lived, {""or some 
reason or other John Ogden borrowed, Octo 
ber I.). 1668, of Cornelis Steenwyck, merchant 
and mayor of New York, £191, 5s, mortgag- 
ing therefor "a Certain Water Mill now in ni) 
Tenure or Occupation near unto the Mansion 
or Dwelling House of Gov. Carterett in Eliza- 
beth Towne." This mill was located on 
Hroad street immediately west of the stone 
bridge and south of the Presbyterian church, 
(•"ebruary 15, if)(')8, a commission was granted 
to "John Ogden senior. Caleb Carwithy, Jacob 
Moleyn, Wm JohnMin and Jeffry Jones, all of 
{•"lizabeth Town, and ji i)artners from Piarne- 



gate to Sandy Hook,'' for a whale fishery un- 
der certain "IVivileges, Conditions, and Limi- 
tations" (see East Jersey Deeds, Liber 3, folios 
22 and 23). One condition being the giving 
one-twentieth part of the oil in casks to the 
Lords proprietors. March 31, 1676, a special 
court of oyer and terminer was commissioned 
at W'oodbridge to settle finally the old contro- 
versy, referred to above, between John Ogden 
and John Cooper, of Southampton, John Berry 
being president, and William Pardon, Lau- 
rence Andriaessen and James Bollen the as- 
sistant judges. December 4, 1676, Governor 
Carteret issued a commission to William Par- 
don, justice of the peace, John Ogden senior, 
Henry Lyon, and George Ross, selectmen, to 
sit as a monthly court, for "the trial of cases 
under 40s, at Elizabethtown, under act of As- 
sembly December 4, 1675." It would thus 
seem that the personal differences which had 
at one time estranged John Ogden from the 
government who in the infancy of the settle- 
ment had been his intimate and trusted friends, 
and which hacl led him to become the most 
powerful leader of the "malcontents," were at 
length happily adjusted, and the breach finally 
and completely healed. October 29, 1678, by 
the formal resurvey of his lands according to 
the concessions. This interpretation of John 
Ogden's conduct finds further confirmation 
from his attitude with respect to the high 
handed and unwarrantable actions of Governor 
.\ndros of New York, who ctnniting upon the 
existence of a disaffected party in New Jer- 
sey attemjited to seize the government of East 
Jerse\- for his master the Duke of "S'ork. 
April 7. 1680. he visited Elizabethtown. de- 
manded (if G(i\ernor Carteret that he surren- 
der the province, and also issued several or- 
ders, "one particularly to Mr. Ogden then 
scherif for the surrender of X. Jersey." There 
can be no douI)t that he counted on the influ- 
ence of John ( ^gden as the leader of the anti- 
governmental i)arty : but he counted without 
his host because not only did six towns refuse 
til negotiate with Andros, but the assembly, of 
w hich John ( )g(len was one of the leaders, de- 
clared as "the representatives of the freehold 
t r^ iif lhi> iimvince," "what we have formerly 
di ne we did in obedience to the authority 
then established in this ])rovince. These 
thing^ which have been done according to law 
re(|uire no confirmation." This in answer to 
the ikmand of .\ndros that they enact legisla- 
tion which Would confirm all jiast judicial pro- 
ceedings according to the laws of New \'ork. 
They adiled further that they expected that thf 



STATK OF NEW JERSEY. 



93 



"privileges conferred by the Concessions 
would be confirmed,'" and declined to recog- 
nize the authority of Andros, until so ordered 
to do by the King. 

Thus closes the career of "good old John 
(3gden," a man of more than ordinary mark, 
"a man of sterling worth, of whom the town 
as well as his numerous posterity should be 
gratefully mindful. He was called a mal- 
content, and regarded as the leading malcon- 
tent in Elizabethtown," but he was held in 
high esteem by the accomplished, sagacious 
and pious W'inthrop, he was the intimate and 
trusted friend and associate of Governor Car- 
teret, both before and after their estrange- 
ment, both at Southampton and Elizabethtown 
he was an honored magistrate, loved and 
trusted by the people, and during the Dutch 
rule virtually the governor of the English 
speaking portion of the province, and being 
such he is not to be classed with restless agi- 
tators and constitutional oppositionists, be- 
cause he happened to believe certain of their 
contentions right for a time and had the cour- 
age of his convictions to side with them in 
that respect. "A true patriot, and a genine 
Christian, he devoted himself while living to 
the best interests of the town and dying be- 
queathed to his sons the work of completing 
what he had so fairly and effectually inaugu- 
rated." 

December 21, 1681, John Ogden wrote hi? 
will ?nd apparently he was dead before th-^ 
end of May, 1682, on the 30th of which month 
the inventory of his estate was filed. Septem- 
ber 19, 1682, Governor Carteret issued letters 
of administration on his estate to "Jane the 
widdo or Rellict of the said John Ogden her 
Late husband." Of Jane Bond the wife and 
widow of John Ogden little is known. She 
was the daughter of Jonathan Bond, of Eng- 
land, and according to tradition the sister of 
Robert Bond, the intimate friend of John 
Ogden both at Southampton and Elizabeth- 
town. May 14, 1683, about a year after her 
husbanil's death she petitioned the council to 
secure her right of three hundred acres in the 
Elizabethtown tract, and on the following May 
26, the council referred the petition to the 
deputy governor and the surveyor general 
"that according to the Concessions she may 
have her just rights." The date of her death 
is unknown, and the burial place of both her 
and her hu.sband, the latter is probably beneath 
the rear of the present building of the First 
Presbyterian Church in Elizabeth. 

Rv his marriage with Jane Bond, May 8, 



1637, John Ogden had si.x children, three born 
in England, and three in the new world, i. 
John Jr., born March 3, 1638, died November 
24, 1702: married Elizabeth Plum and had one 
child of record, Jemima, born in 1692, be- 
came the wife of Henry Pierson. 2. David, 
born January 11, 1639; see sketch elsewhere. 
3. Jonathan, referred to below. 4. Joseph, the 
first of John Ogden's children to be born in 
America, was born November 9, 1642, died 
before January 15, 1690; he married Sarah, 
(laughter of Isaac Whitehead, and had two 
children: Joseph and Isaac. 5. Benjamin, 
born 1654; see sketch elsewhere. 6. Mary, 
married John, son of John WoodruiT, of 
.'-^outhamj^ton and Elizabethtown, and left 
eight children : John, Jonathan, Sarah, Han- 
nah, David, Joseph, Benjamin and Elizabeth. 

(VII) Jonathan, the third child and son of 
John (2) and Jane (Bond) Ogden, was born 
in England, January 11, 1639, being a twin 
with his brother David. He died January 3, 
1732, and is buried in Elizabeth, where the 
headstone of Jiis grave still stands in the bury- 
ing ground of the First Presbvterian Church. 
The only mention of his name in the South- 
ampton records is under date of October 21, 
1664, when he witnesses a deed of John Davis 
to John Oldfield of a fifty pound common- 
age. In 1665 he went with his father to 
Elizabethtown and was one of the original as- 
sociates, and taking the oath of allegiance to 
King Charles II, February 9, 1665, when he 
was styled one of the "5 full grown boys" of 
John Ogden. September 11, 1673, with his 
father and brothers he took the oath of alle- 
giance to the Dutch : and in 1692 he was the 
receiver of taxes for Essex county, this being 
apparently the only public office which he held. 

In 1697 the Lords proprietors in England, 
acting under a desire to please the King, su- 
perseded Governor Hamilton by Jeremiah 
Basse. The new governor was a man neither 
liked nor respected by the greater part of the 
colonists of West as well as East Jersey, and 
there would seem to be good grounds for their 
opinion. Basse's appointment, moreover, was 
defective in several ways among them the 
facts that he had not given the security re- 
quired by law for his good behavior, and his 
commission having been signed by an insuffi- 
cient number of the proprietors, only ten, in- 
stead of the necessary sixteen names having 
been obtained. Detested by a goodly portion 
of the people he governed and disowned by a 
large number of the proprietors, and having 
also private interests at stake, Basse joined 



')4 



STATE OF NKW lERSKV. 



himself to the opponents of the proprietors 
and sought to strengthen himself from their 
ranks, once dependent upon them he soon be- 
came their prey and they wrung from him 
concessions vital to the continuance of the pro- 
jirietors' government. He was afraid to call 
the assembly together lest the majority should 
I)rove hostile to him, and did not do so for 
nearly two years after he had become gov- 
ernor, although he had instructions to do so 
"with all convenient speed after two months." 
The ])eople claimed that Basse's appointment, 
i)eing irregular, the authority devolved on the 
council, and when Basse held his first court in 
May, 1698, we learn from the court record 
that "Lewis Morris Esc|. came in open Court 
and demanded by what authoritie they kept 
Court. The Court declared by ye Kings Au- 
thoritie. He denied it & being asked. Who 
was dissatisfied besides himself, he said One 
and all. The Court commanding ye said Mor- 
ris to be taken in custody. Col. Richard Town- 
ley, Andrew Hampton, both of Elizabethtown, 
& three or four more cried one and all and ye 
said Lewis Morris said he would fain see who 
durst lay hold on him — and when a Constable 
by order of ye Court laid hold on him, he, 
in ye face of ye Court resisted." Alorris, who 
represented a large and influential portion of 
the people, refused to ])ay his fine, and was 
imprisoned in a log house. His friends, how- 
ever, raised the logs sufficiently for him to 
escape and for this May 13, 1699, they were 
indicted by the governor. Among them was 
Jonathan Ogden. Matters now went from 
bad to worse. Basse's policy had strength- 
ened and embodied the anti-proprietors' party 
to such an extent that they carried matters 
with a high hand, and when the jjroprietors. 
seeing the futility of their efforts, reappointed 
Hamilton, governor, the spirit of misrule was 
too rampant to be put at once in check. Riots 
were almost continuous throughout the years 
1700 and 1701, and Sejjtember 12, 1700, ri 
I)arty of men from Elizabethtown, among them 
Jonathan Ogdcn, came "with clubs in their 
hands to the house of Mr. Theophilus Pear- 
son (in Newark) and demanded of him ye 
prisoner (one Parmator) asking where the 
PittifuU raskalls were that i)ut this man in 
prison and demanded him out of prison, they 
were asked by what power they demanded 
him out of prison and they held upp their 
clubbs and said that was their power." Then 
they went after the sheriff, who complained 
in the indictment against the rioters later on, 
"That he was satt upon by severall men of 



Elizabeth Towne & I-"orceablely Robbed of ye 
Keys of the Frisson & the prissoner there- 
uiMin Imediately Taken out of his Custody," 
( ;n the following December 19, a writ of error 
was brought into the court at Burlington to 
remove Jonathan Ogden's name from the in- 
dictment, but it was refused. Factions had 
now become so numerous and anarchy so 
prominent that the only solution of the diffi- 
culty and hope for settled government lay in 
turning the ]3rovinces over to the king and 
among the many memorials sent to the lords 
of trade and plantations, and to the King, 
which resulted in the surrender of their rights 
by the proprietors, was the one of July 17, 
1701, from the heads of families at Elizabeth- 
town of which Jonathan Ogden was one of the 
signers. 

In 1678 and later Jonathan Ogden's name 
is found among the subscribers to the salary 
of the Rev. John Harriman, and in 1691 he is 
one of the largest contributors and is styled 
deacon. In December, 1667, he was one of 
those who petitioned the governor and council 
to have their lands laid out to them according 
to agreement made with the inhabitants with 
the consent of the governor saying that unless 
it be done "we do not see how we can possibly 
subsist in the Town but shall be forced to look 
out somewhere else for a livelihood." At this 
time or soon afterwards he obtained some of 
his land, for October 12, 167 1, "Jonathan 
Ogden, tanner, and his wife Rebecca,'' deeded 
to Benjamin Price of Elizabethtown six acres, 
"Xorth the road to the Point: East, Nathan- 
iel Bunnell ; South the meadow : and \\'est the 
grantee ( East Jersey Deeds, D 410)." June 14, 
1676, he applied to the surveyor-general, ask- 
ing that one hundred and twenty acres be laid 
out for him; and March 10, 1678, there was 
"Laved out for Jonathan Ogden at Eliz. 
Towne a house Lott \\'th an .'\dition conty 6 
acres in Length 15 & in bredth 4 Chane 
P)Oimded on the S. E. by Joseph Ogden N. 
E. X. W. E. and S. W. by highways." He 
also had twenty-two acres of upland in the 
fcirm of a triangle, bounded by the governor's 
and Benjamin Parkis' land; eighty- four acre.-; 
"Lying in the ])laine" bounded by Benjamin 
Parkis, Leonard Headley's and Isaac \Vliite- 
hcad's land, and the Mill brook: and fourteen 
acres of meadow in two plots, on the Creek 
and on Great Island. In September, 1693, he 
was one of the associates who petitioned the 
King that the lands they had been granted and 
had enjoyed for nearly thirty years, they 
"might according to Law Reason and Justice 



STATK OF NEW lERSKY, 



95 



Still to enjoy the same." December 26, 1699, 
he was one of assistants of the Rev. John 
Harriman, who was chosen surveyor to "Lay 
out Divide and Equally assise all lands and 
meadows within the whole Bounds and pur- 
chase of Elizabeth Town to every one In- 
terested therein by Right of purchase under 
the honorable General Richard Nicholls their 
Several and Respective ])arts and shares of 
the whole." 

December 21, if)8i, his father names him as 
one of the executors of his will; and March 
19, 1702. he swears before Thomas Gordon in 
regard to the will "yt this Instrument was de- 
livered to him very shortly after ye sd old 
John Ogden's death & yt he hath safely keept 
it ever since yt time till now." December 9, 
1690, he witnesses the will of William ?ileeker, 
of Elizabethtown ; about six week's later. Jan- 
uary 17, 1690, with the Rev. John Harriman. 
he is appointed the executor of the will of 
Elsie, widow of Simon Reus, "living upon 
Raway" ; the following April 2"], 1691, he is 
appointed one of the overseers of the will of 
John Woodruff Sr., of Elizabethtown ; and 
November 6, 1694, with John Curtis, he is ap- 
pointed executor of the will of his cousin, 
Stephen Bond. Between this last mentioned 
date and November i8, 1729. when his name 
appears as one of those who ratified the new 
town book, there is a blank and we know noth- 
ing of his life. His will was written July 2, 
1 73 1, and proved January 9, 1732. 

Of his wife Rebecca nothing more is known 
than is shown on her gravestone and the fac. 
gleaned from the deed to Benjamin Price that 
they were married before October 12. 1671. 
She was born in November, 1648, and died 
•.September 11, 1723. Their children were: i. 
Jonathan, born before 1676, died before June 
10, 1731 ; by his wife Elizabeth had two chil 
dren: Jonathan and John. 2. Samuel, re- 
ferred to below. 3. Robert, born 1687, died 
November 20, 1733: married (first) Hannah, 
daughter of Jasper Crane Jr. and Joanna 
Swaine, and (second) Phebe (Roberts) Bald- 
win, daughter of Roberts and Hannah 

Hruen and widow of Jonathan Baldwin. By 
his first marriage he had six children : Han- 
nah, Robert, Phebe, Moses, Elihu and David ; 
and by his second marriage three more chil- 
dren : Rebecca and Mary, twins, and Sarah. 
4. Hannah, became the wife of John Meeker 
and had five children : John, Robert, James, 
David and Eunice. ^. Rebecca, married James 
Ralph. 

(\'ni) Samuel, second child and son of 



Jonathan and Rebecca ( )g(len (his mother's 
maiden name is sup])osed to have been Wood ) 
was born in 1678, died in 1715. He was a 
resident of Elizabethtown where he was born, 
but as he married his second wife at East- 
hampton he may have lived there for a short 
while. In 171 1 he is one of the overseers of 
the highways for Elizabethtown, and in 1712 
was made constable. His will was written 
November 26. 1714, proved February 10, 1715. 
Samuel Ogden's first wife was Rachel, possi- 
bly a daughter of John and Abigail (Ward I 
Gardiner, of Newark, who bore him one child ; 
his second wife was Johanna Schellincx or 
Schellinger, daughter of Abraham Schellincx, 
supervisor of Easthampton, Long Island, 
1699 to 1700, who bore him three children. 
Child of first wife: i. Rachel, who was not 
eighteen years old when her father wrote his 
will in 1714. Children of second wife: 2. 
Joanna. 3. Rebecca. 4. Samuel, referred to 
below. 

( IN ) Samuel (2), 'only son of Samuel ( i) 
and Johanna ( Schellincx) Ogden, was born in 
1714. died February 20, 1775. Both he and 
his wife Hannah, daughter of Matthias and 
Hannah ( Miller 1 Hatfield, are interred in the 
First Presbyterian churchyard at Elizabeth- 
town, the inscriptions reading as follows :"Here 
lies the Body of Samuel Ogden. who departed 
this Life Febry the 20th Anno Domini 1775, 
aged LXI Years": and "Here lied ye Body of 
Mrs Hannah Relict of Mr. Samuel Ogden who 
(lied January )-e 26th .\no Domini 1782. In 
the 59th Year of her Age." Their children 
were: i. Matthias, referred to below. 2. Jo- 
anna, born March 31, 1744. 3. Elizabeth, 
born January 9, 1747, died .\pril 5. 1808: mar- 
ried ( first ) L'zal Woodruff, and had two chil- 
dren : Eunice and Elias : married (second) 
Professor Joseph Periam of the College of 
New Jersey, and had a third child : Joseph Jr. 
4. Ann, born September 20, 1749. 5. Elihu, 
born June i, 1751, died March 28. 1814: mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob and Eliza- 
beth (Miller) Price, and had nine children: 
.\mos, Elizabeth, Phebe, Susan, Elihu, Han- 
nah, Oliver, L'zal and Elias. 6. Charity, born 
.\ugust 19, 1753. died September 5, 1828; mar- 
ried Enos. son of Timothy and Elizabeth 
Woodruff, and had twelve children : Timothy. 
Hannah. Ogden, Timothy, Enos, .Abigail, 
I lannah. Ezra. Ichabod, Phebe, Charity and 
John. 7. Phebe. born March 25, 1756: mar- 
ried Job Hedden. 8. Samuel, born February 
26, 1758. 9. Hannah, born .April 2, 1760. 10. 
Rachel, born November 18. 1761 : married 



yb 



STATE OF .\1-:\V lERSEY 



David Price ami liad thirteen children: Enos, 
Daniel. Daniel, Aaron, Joseph, Periam, Jona- 
than, Rev. and M. D., Rachel, Elizabeth, 
Phebe, Oliver, Joanna and Lewis, ii. Jo- 
seph, born July i, 1763, died May 6, 1817; 
married (first) Comfort, daughter of Moses 
and Comfort (Bond ) Price, who bore him six 
children : Moses, Aaron, Rachel, Phebe, Sam- 
uel and Betsey; married (second) Mehitable 
.Smith, who bore him seven more children: 
Helen, John, \\"illiam, Charles, Emeline, David 
and Anne. 12. Ichabod, born June 27, 1764, 
died the same year. 13. Ichabod, born Sep- 
tember 17, 1765, died February i, 1789; by his 
wife Mary had one child: Elizabeth. 

(X) Matthias, eldest child and son of Sam- 
uel (2) and Hannah (Hatfield) Ogden, was 
born .-\])ril 25, 1742, died March 7, 1818. He 
and his wife Margaret, daughter of Joseph and 
Margaret (W'illiams) Magie, born November 
6, 1745, died March 18, 1820, are buried in the 
First Presbyterian churchyard, Elizabeth. 
Their children were: i. Abigail, born October 
3, 1765, died May 14, 1820; married Ezekiel, 
son of Ezekiel, grandson of John and Mary 
tOsborn) Ogden, great-grandson of Jonathan 
and Elizabeth Ogden, and great-great-grand- 
son of Jonathan and Rebecca Ogden, the 
great-great-grandparents of his wife. They 
had thirteen children: Abraham, Ichabod, Eze- 
kiel, James, .\bigail, Phebe, Hatfield, Phebe, 
John, Samuel. Joseph Meeker, Theodore Ham- 
ilton and Jonathan. 2. Lewis, born October 
30, 1767. died young. 3. Phebe, born Decem- 
ber 13, 1769, died February 26, 1830; married 
l')enjamin J. Jarvis, of Elizabethtown, and had 
four children : Hannah, Sarah B., John O. and 
Margaret M. 4. Charity, born June 30, 1772. 
died July 8, 1852; married Benjamin, son of 
Jacob and Elizabeth (Morehouse) Ogden, 
grandson of William and Mary Ogden. great- 
grandson of ]>enjamin and Catharine Ogden, 
great-great-grandson of Captain Benjamin and 
Hannah (Woodrufl^) Ogden, and great-great- 
great-grandson of John and Jane (Bond^i 
Ogden, the emigrants. Their children were: 
Peggy, Elizabeth, Charity, Betsy Ann, Charity 
and P.enjamin, twins, Hannah and Isaac. 5. 
Lewis, born .\ngust 8, 1775, died May 15. 
1818: married Elizabeth, daughter of Elihu 
and Phebe (Price) Bond, and had one child: 
Charity. 6. Samuel, born February 13, 1777, 
died November 17, 1827: married Esther, 
daughter of William and Phebe Brown, and 
had Phebe I'.rown, William, Charity Ann, Job, 
Mary, Margaret Magie, Susan, Matthias and 
Charity .'\nn. 7. Hannah, born .-Xpril 30, 1779, 



died January 10, 18(13; married Stephen 
Meeker, no children. 8. Hatfield, born April 

3, 1 78 1, died September 26, 1793. 9. Matthias 
born .September 20, 1784, died April 18, 1821 : 
married Rachel Thompson and had one child : 
Margaret Magie. 10. Joseph, referred to 
below. II. John i^Iagie, born November 5, 
1789, died April 2, 1834; married Ann Ross, 
and had Charles Ross, Sarah Ann, Elizabeth 
Magie, Ezra, Thomas Dickerson and Joanna 
Thompson. 

I XI) Jose])h, ninth child and sixth son of 
Matthias and Margaret (.Magie) Ogden, was 
b(irn at Elizabethtown, January 3, 1787, died 
there August 23. 1827. March 20, 1808, he 
married Hannah, daughter of Henry and Han- 
nah (DeHart) Insley, born February 16, 1788, 
died September 13, 1822. Their children 
were: i. Catharine, born December 18, 1809: 
married the Rev. James M. Huntting, son of 
John and Elizabeth (Dayton) Huntting, and 
had John Brown, Mary Elizabeth, Catharine 
Winslow, Hannah Ogden, Phebe Stratton and 
James Murdock. 2. IMatthias Henry, born 
April 22. 1811, died March 23, 1895; married 
Harriet Hudson and had Elias Hudson and 
Mary Brower. 3. James Lawrence, referred 
to below. 4. Isaac Crane, born February 10, 
1816, died May 4, 1894; married Amanda 
Maria, daughter of Richard Alontgomery and 
Maria (Keeler) Meigs, and had one child: 
Isaac Crane Jr. 5. Elizabeth, born February 

4. 1818, died August 3, 1879; became the 
second wife of John L. Brower, whose first 
wife Mary Insley was her own aunt, being 
the sister of her mother. John L. and Eliza- 
beth (Ogden) Brower had one child, John L. 
Jr. 6. .\lbert, born August 14, 1819, died Oc- 
tober 3. 1820. 7. Albert, born January 2, 
1821, (lied November i, 1822. 8. Hannah, 
born .August 24, 1822. died .September 12, 
1822. 

I XII) James Lawrence, third child and 
second son of Joseph and Hannah ( Insley 1 
Ogden. was born in Elizabethtown, November 
28, 181 3, died in Jersey City, December 7, 
1890. Learning the pottery trade, he went 
to New York City and entered the employ of 
his uncle, John Lefoy Brower, an importer 
(if and dealer in mahogany and hard 
woixls. In 1837 Mr. Brower retired, 
leaving the business in the hands of 
his nephews, Isaac V. Brower, James Law- 
rence Ogden and Isaac Crane Ogden. Isaac 
\'. Brower retired a few years later and the 
two Ogden brothers added other foreign woods 
and conducted a general lumber business 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



97 



James l^aw rence Ogden retired from the firm 
in 1865 and his brother admitted into partner- 
sliip his nephews, John B. Huntting and EUas 
H. Ogden, and his brother-in-law, Charles A. 
Meigs. In 1868 Isaac Crane Ogden withdrew, 
and the firm was continued by his nephews and 
brother-in-law until 1900, when the firm was 
ilissolved. For two terms James Lawrence 
Ogden was a judge of the court of errors and 
appeals and the court of pardons of the state 
of New Jersey, and he also served on the 
board of finance and as alderman of Jersey 
City. For some time he was vice-president of 
the First National Bank of Jersey City. 

September 2, 1847, James Lawrence Ogden 
was married in F'hiladelphia by the Rev. 
George W. liethune to Emily Matilda Wan- 
dell, of that city, born January 22, 1825, died 
.\pril 6, 1896, at her residence, 493 Jersey 
avenue, Jersey City. Their children were: i. 
Emily, born New York City, July 13, 1848, 
died February 9, 1849. 2. Emily Wandell, 
born New York City, July 13, 1849; married 
Alexander C. Brooks, of Ridgewood, New 
Jersey. 3. Laura \'irginia, born New York 
City, November 26, 1851 ; married Edward 
Luther White, of Waterbury, Connecticut, 
deceased ; had four children, all born in 
Bridgeport, Connecticut : Ogden Watson, Sep- 
tember 10, 1877, Howard Sage. April 10, 1880, 
Lucien White, July 8. 1884, died in Bridge- 
port, young, and Edward Luther Jr., Septem- 
ber 9. 1886. 4. Estelle Clements, born in Jer- 
sey City, July 25. 1855. 5. James Lawrence 
Jr., referred to below. 

(XIII) James Lawrence (2), youngest 
child anfl son of James Lawrence (i) and 
Emily Matilda (Wandell) Ogden, was born 
in Jersey City, New Jersey. June 12, 1862, and 
is now living at 9 Lincoln Park, Newark. He 
was associated with the A. A. Grififing Iron 
Company as secretary and director until 1892, 
when he retired. He is a member of 'the 
Esse.x County Country Club and of the Down- 
town Club of New York, and an attendant of 
Trinity Protestant Episcopal Church of New- 
ark. June 16, 1900, James Lawrence Ogden 
married Mary (Jenkinson) Ball, widow of 
James T. Ball. They have no children. 



(For preceding generations see Robert Ogden 1). 

(VII) David, second child and 
OGDEN son of John and Jane (Bond) 
Ogden, and twin of his brother 
Jonathan, was born in Bradley Plain, Hamp- 
shire, England, January 11, 1639, died be- 
tween December 26, 1691, and February 27, 



it)92, the dates of the writing antl the provinr 
of his will. He was one of the original asso- 
ciates of Elizabethtown and is spoken of in 
the records as the "stone church builder." Sep- 
tember II, 1673, he took the oath of allegiance 
to the Dutch, and April 27, 1O76, he applied 
for a warrant for the survey of one hundred 
and twenty acres, but shortly afterwards 
moved to Newark. In 1679 and again in 1680 
he was one of the townsmen of Newark, and 
in 1684 lie was appointed one of the collectors 
of the town's debts. About 1676 David Ogden 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Captain Sam- 
uel and Joanna Swaine, and the widow of Jo- 
siah, the brother of John Ward, the Dish 
Turner of Newark. She was born in 1649 
and as the affianced bride of Josiah Ward was 
given the honor of being the first person to 
disembark on the banks of the Passaic when 
the colonists arrived. Children of David and 
Elizabeth (Swaine) (Ward) Ogden were: i. 
David, referred to below. 2. Josiah, born 
about 1679, died May 17, 1763; married (first) 
Catharine Hardenbroeck, and (second) Mary 
Bankes. 3. John, born about 1681, died De- 
cember 3, 1732; married Elizabeth Wheeler. 
4. Thomas, born in 1684, died November 25, 
1760: married (first) a girl named Dinah, 
and (second) Jean (Halsted) Clawson. 5. 
Swaine, born about 1687, died April 20, 1755; 
married Alary Ackerman. 

(VHI) Captain David (2), eldest child of 
David (i) and Elizabeth (Swaine) (Ward) 
Ogden, was born in Newark, New Jersey, 
about 1678, died there July 11, 1734. He lived 
in Newark, and September 3, 1701, signed the 
agreement for the purcha'se of the western 
part of the township between the mountains 
and the Passaic river. His name occurs fre- 
quently in the town records as for example, 
Slay 25, 1713, when he is appointed collector 
of the town; November 2, 1713, when he is 
appointed assessor and rate maker, re-elected 
to this same position in 1741 ; in 1716 and 1717 
chosen assessor for the provincial tax and re- 
elected to this office in 1718-19-20-29-30. 
March 14, 1721, he was chosen as one of the 
freeholders of the town and was re-elected to 
this for each of the four years from 1728 to 
1732. He was buried in the churchyard of 
Trinity Protestant Episcopal Church, New- 
ark, and his gravestone is now imbedded in the 
porch floor of that church. 

About 1700 Captain David Ogden married 
-A.bigail Hammond, born in 1676, died Febru- 
ary II, 1760. Their children were: i. Sarah, 
born November 2, 1699, died April 2, 1777; 



98 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



married Xathaniel Johnson. 2. Abigail, Feb- 
ruary II, 1702, died March 4, 1739; married 
Colonel Joseph Tuttle. < 3. Uzal, about 1705, 
(lied about 1780; married Elizabeth Charlotte 
Thebault. 4. John, referred to below. 5. 
David, about 1711, died January 28, 1750; 
married Catharine, daughter of Colonel Jo- 
siah and Catharine (Hardenbroeck) Ogden, 
her first cousin, born 1709, died 1797, in Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, having married (second) 
Isaac Longvvorth. 6. Elizabeth, married Cap- 
tain John Johnson. 7. Martha, 1716, died 
February 7, 1802; married (first) Caleb, son 
of Caleb and Mary Sayre, of Southampton, 
Long Island, and F^lizabethtown ; married 
( second ) Thomas Eagles. 

(IX) Judge John, fourth child and second 
son of Captain David (2) and Abigail (Ham- 
mond) Ogden, was born in Newark, about 
1709, died there I'ebruary 14, 1795. He was 
commonly called "John C^gden of Newark," 
where he was a prominent lawyer and judge, 
and his name is of frequent mention in the 
Essex county court records from 1742 to 1776. 
April 15, 1740, he joined with his uncle, Jo- 
siah, and his brother Uzal in the purchase of 
the Ringwood property and the forming of 
the Ringwood Alining Company, his interest 
in which he sold in 1765 to Samuel Gouver- 
neur. He was greatly hated by the Tories 
during the revolution and in consequence suf- 
fered much at their hands during the revolu- 
tion. He is buried in the old churchyard on 
llroad street, Newark. 

Judge John Ogden married Hannah, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan Sayre, of Newark, born 1709, 
died October 20, 1757. Children: i. Jemima, 
married (first) Stephen Johnson, and (sec- 
ond) Stephen Day Jr. 2. Comfort, born June 
(\ 1730, died November 25, 1736. 3. Hannah 
September 7, 1737, died June 25, 1780; mar- 
ried the Rev. James Caldwell, of Elizabeth- 
town, the famous revolutionary parson. 4. Abi- 
gail, married David, son of Lieutenant David 
and Mary Crane, grandson of Jasper Jr. and 
Joanna Swaine. He was born about 1721, died 
March C, 1794. She was his second wife, his 
first wife being Sarah A. Dodd. 5. John, re- 
ferred to below. 6. Aaron, November 20, 
1/44, died March 5, 1801 ; married (fir.st) 
liainiah Crane, (second) Mary Olden, (third) 
.Mary (Vance) (Sayre) Hamilton, the widow 
of Ananias Sayre and Thomas Hamilton. 7. 
Martha. June 19. I74r), died June 26, 1746. 
8. Joseph, July 14, 1748, died about 1826; 
married (first) Rhoda I'.aker and (second) 
Mary ( Reading) Gray. 



(Xj Captain John (2), fifth child and eld- 
est son of Judge John (i) and Hannah 
(Sayre) Ogden, was born in Newark, 1743, 
died there October 18, 1815. He is buried in 
the I'irst Presbyterian churchyard in Newark, 
and his gravestone record gives him the title 
of captain. The Mudge genealogy states that 
he was in many battles of the revolution. He 
married Rhoda, probably the daughter of Dea- 
con IJethuel and Elizabeth (Riggs) Pierson, 
who died December 17, 1810, aged sixty years. 
Deacon Bethuel was the son of Joseph and 
Hejizibah (Camp) Pierson, and the grandson 
of .^aniuel. son of Thomas Pierson who mar- 
ried Maria, (laughter of Richard Harrison, by 
his wife, Mary, daughter of Sergeant Rich- 
ard Harrison, of Newark. Children of Cap- 
tain John and Rhoda (Pierson) Ogden: i. 
Joseph, born September 28, 1773. 2. Betsey, 
September 8, 1775, died July 3, 1784. 3. Han- 
nah Caldwell, December 27, 1777, died Sep- 
tember 26, 1831 : married (first) Lewis Ward, 
and (second) Silas Mudge. 4. David Sayre, 
.\pril 23, 1780; married (first) Ann Cheetham, 
(second) the sister of his first wife, (third) 
Roxana Murphy. 5. James Caldwell re- 
ferred to below. 6. Betsey, May 21. 1784, 
died January 2, 1851 ; married Aaron Nich- 
olls. 7. Sarah, May 10, 1786, died Septem- 
ber 21, 1821 ; married Horace S. Hinsdale. 8. 
Peggy Canfield, November 22, 1788; married, 
January 26, 1807, Cornelius Francisco. 9. 
Rachel Pierson, April 9, 1791 ; married, No- 
vember 7, 1820, Lieutenant Benjamin Olds, of 
Newark. 10, Hetty Caldwell, October 31, 

1795- 

(XI) James Caldwell, fifth child and third 
son of Captain John (2) and Rhoda ( Pierson) 
Ogden, was born in Newark, May 10, 1782, 
died there December 6, 1838. Both he and his 
wife are buried in Rosedale cemetery, Orange, 
New Jersey. He married Charlotte Roberts. 
bor»i June 12, 1787, died February 15, 1852, 
and their children were: i. Aaron Sidney, 
born December 17, 1810, died April 5, 1868: 
married Elizabeth Stewart, but had no children 
of record. 2. Lucinda Roberts, married Frank- 
lin \". Pitney; moved to Chicago, Illinois; iiad 
two children : Lucy and I">ederick Pitney. 3. 
Horace Pierson, January 27, 1814, died un- 
married in Newark, May 13, 1837, and is 
buried in Rosedale. 4. James Cam]), referred 
to below. 5. Sarah Jane, May 5, 1821, died 
unmarried .September 5, 1866. 6. Moses Rob- 
erts, August 6, 1824, (lied unmarried fune 28, 

(XIJ ) James Cam]), fourth child and third 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



99 



>un uf James Caldwell and Charlotte (Rob- 
erts) Ugden, was born in Newark, August 19, 
1818, died in that city, May i, 1855. Both he 
and his wife were of Newark, and they are 
buried in the Rosedale cemetery, Orange, New 
Jersey. .September 30, 1 84 1, he married Phcbe 
Kitchell, born September i, 1821, died October 
7. 1855. Their children were: i. Kmcline 
Camp, born September 12, 1842; married, 
March 2q, 1866, Henry R. Clift, and has nine 
children : Myron L., Charles, S. Estella, mar- 
ried William Gray; Jessie, Edith, Arthur D., 
Walter, Frank D. and Antha. 2. Charlotte, 
born February 10. 1845 • married William 
Alexander Reeve. 3. Horace Pierson, born 
Xovember 9, 1846; married, December 25, 
1871, Alary Frances Dickson, born November 
9, 1846, died without issue, November 28, 
1873, leaving a widower who lives in Spring- 
field, Massachusetts. 4. James Eugene, re- 
ferred to below. 5. Helen, born March 14, 
1852. James Camp Ogden was a travelling 
salesman for leather goods, a member of the 
I'ree and Accepted Masons, and a captain in 
the New Jersey state militia. 

(XHI) James Eugene, fourth child and sec- 
ond son of James Camp and Phebe (Kitchell) 
Ogden, was born in Newark, April 26, 1854, 
and is now living in that city at 46 Rreintnall 
l)lace, having his office at 687 Ferry street. 
For his early education he was sent to the 
public schools and to the Newark Academy, 
and for the three years which followed his 
graduation he worked on a farm in Vermont. 
He then came back to Newark and took up 
the trade of a decorator and painter, and in 
1872 was in the employ of Walter M. Conger, 
with whom he remained until 1888, when he 
took a position with the Public Service Cor- 
poration, with whom he now is acting as the 
superintendent of their paint department. Mr. 
Ogden is an independent in politics. 

In October, 1 89 1, James Eugene Ogden 
married Sarah, born in New York, in May, 
1865, daughter of Daniel and Louisa Hinley. 
riiev have no children. 



(p-or preceding generations see Robert Ogden 1). 

(VH) Captain Benjamin, son of 
OGDEN John and Jane (Bond) Ogden, 
was born in Southampton, Long 
Island. 1654, died in Elizabethtown, New Jer- 
sey, November 20, 1722. When his father 
came to Elizabethtown he was about thirteen 
years old., and the first record of his name is 
September 11, 1673, when he took the oath 
<if allegiance to tVie Dutch. November 27, 



1O84, he petitioned for fifty acres with its pro- 
portion of meadow in Elizabethtown and the 
warrant for this was granted May 7, 1686. In 
partnership with the Rev. John Ilarriman he 
ran for many years the grist mill known as 
"John Ogden's Mill" built by his father, and 
then sold to Captain Ebenezer Peck who leased 
it to Benjamin and John Harriman for £24 a 
year. In 1693 he signs the petition to the 
King that Elizabethtown may be put under the 
civil jurisdiction of New York; October 10. 
1694 he is made sheriff of Elizabethtown, and 
subscribes to the minister's support ; and De- 
cember 3, 1698, he is one of the committee to 
lay out the King's road. Captain Benjamin 
< )gden married, probably about 1685, Hannah, 
daughter of John and (Gosmer) Wood- 
ruff, and had three children: i. Benjamin, re- 
ferred to below. 2. John, born 1689, died De- 
cember 8, 1729 ; married Mary Mitchell. 3. 
William, mentioned in his father's will, which 
be(|ueathes to him a large share of the estate. 
I le probably died unmarried. 

(\TII) Benjamin (2), son of Captain Ben- 
jamin (i) and Hannah (Woodruff) Ogden, 
was born in Elizabethtown, 1680, died No- 
vember 4, 1729. in the same place. He lived 
in Elizabethtown and in 171 1 was one of the 
iiverseers of the highways. September 10 
he was one of the rioters who protested against 
the claims of the proprietors. By his wife 
Catharine he had two children: i. William, 
referred to below. 2. James, born 1705, died 
1737; married Elizabeth Crowell. 

(IX) William, son of Benjamin (2) and 
(/atharine Ogden, was born in Elizabethtown, 
June I. 1704, died there March 20, 1791. He 
was a farmer and lived in Elizabethtown. By 
his wife Mary, born 1706, died December 28. 
1783, he had three children : i. Jacob, referred 
to below. 2. Susannah, born 1746, died Febru- 
ary 3, 1819; married John Morehouse. 3. 
Hannah, married into the Burns family. 

(X) Jacob, only son of record of William 
and Mary Ogden, was born in Elizabethtown. 
May 18, 1743, died there October 10, 1818. 
He was also a farmer and lived at Elizabeth- 
town. He married Elizabeth Morehouse, born 
December 18, 1749, died Alay 8, 1812, and 
their children were: I. Isaac, born December 
K^' ^^7^7' died August 13, 1835 ; married Rachel 
Kester. 2. Benjamin, referred to below. 3. 
Mary Ann, October 22, 1773, died December 
II, 1832; married (first) John Jack.son Ed- 
wards, and (second) Benjamin Brown. 4. 
Enoch, 1776, died April 19, 1814; married 
Louisa . 5. .Abigail, 1779, died Sep- 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



tember 3, 1855 ; married William Melvin. 6. 
(George, 1780, died 1859, married Elizabeth 
. 7. Elizabeth, 1781, died Way 17, 1812. 

(XI) EJenjamin (3). second child anil son 
of Jacob and Elizabeth (Morehouse) Ogden, 
was born in Elizabethtown, August 31, 1769, 
died there May 19. 1844. His wife was Charity, 
fourth child and third daughter of Matthias and 
Margaret ( Magie ) Ogden. whose line was : John. 
Jonathan. Samuel. Samuel, Matthias. Benja- 
min and Charity (Ogden) Ogden were mar- 
ried. January 24. 1795, and their children were : 
1. Peggy, born November 22. 1795, died .Au- 
gust 26, 1828: married Daniel Wade. 2. Eliz- 
abeth, October 14. 1797, died young. 3. Char- 
ity, January 3, 1800, died young. 4. Betsy 
Ann, December 13, 1803, died unmarried in 
1872. 5. Rachel, February 10, 1806, died un- 
married September 29. 1891. 6 and 7. Char- 
ity and r.enjamin, twins. March 25, 1S12: 
Charity died unmarried in 1867; Benjamin 
died June 4. 1884; married (first) Emily Lane 
and (second) Mary Jane Bird. 8. Hannah, 
September 5, 1814, died unmarried. 9. Isaac, 
referred to below. 

(XII) Isaac, youngest child oi Pienjamin 
(3) and Charity (Ogden) Ogden. was born in 
Elizabethtown, April 18, 1818, died in Newark, 
New Jersey, July 9. 1889. He was a manu- 
facturer ot vitrified glazed drain tiles and the 
founder of the firm of Isaac Ogden & Son. 
which up to 1895 was carried on by his chil- 
dren. Both he and his wife are buried in 
Evergreen cemetery. Elizabeth. April 8. 1842, 
he married Martha Wayne, born December 20, 
1 82 1, died May 29, 1887. daughter of Robert 
and Jane (Parsell) Atchison, and they had 
four children: i. Isaac Langworthy, born 
May 8, 1843, <^''^*l September 29, 1843. -■ 
Henry Ellis, referred to below. 3. William 
Lillie, October 26, 1848; married (first) Mary 
Florence Soper and (second) Harriet A. Budd. 
4. Jane Atchison, July 20, 1854. died luunar- 
ried March 8, 1870. 

(XIII) Henry Ellis, second child and son 
of Isaac and Martha Wayne (Atchison) 
Ogden. was born in Chelsea^ Massachusetts, 
.'\ugust 23, 1845, and is now living at 13 Hill- 
side avenue, Newark, New Jersey. His in- 
fancy was spent in Elizabeth, and for his early 
education he was sent to the public schools 
and to the Newark high school. In 1861 he 
found clerical work in a dry goods store where 
he remained for eight years, and then went 
into the real estate business in Elizabeth which 
he continued until 1873, when he entered his 
father's establisiiment in Newark. He remain- 



ed up to 1895, and has since conducted a 
masons' material business in Newark. Mr. 
Ogden is a Republican. He attends the First 
Reformed Church of Newark and has been 
for eighteen years the secretary and treasurer 
of the Presbyterian Cnion of the Presbytery 
of Newark. 

May 28, 1867, Henry Ellis Ogden married 
Ella Elizabeth Carter, of Newark, born in 
Morristown, New Jersey, August 28, 1847, 
daughter of George L. and Eliza (Bird) Car- 
ter. Children: i. Crace Martha, horn lulv 
9. 1868, died .May 5. 1877. 2. Nellie Eliza, 
born Jime 17. 1871, married Irving W. Will- 
iams (see W'illiams). 3. Isaac Henry, March 
29, 1878 ; he has been employed for many years 
and is assistant manager in the mailing depart- 
ment of the I'rudential Insurance Company ; 
married Marie Sneider, and has one child, 
Roberta, born April 13, 1904. 4. George Car- 
ter. November 26, 1880: married Charlotte 
\'esey, born May 28, 1882, and has two chil- 
dren : Carter, born July 19, 1907, and Jack 
Kciuieth. liorn June 27, 1909. 



I For Kngrlish ancestry see Robert Ogden 1). 

David Ogden, son of John 
(XiDEX Ogden, was born in England, 
April I, 1655, died in Middle- 
town, Chester county, Pennsylvania, October 
22. 1705. He was one of the passengers in the 
"Welcome," took up his residence in Philadel- 
phia, and presented his certificate from Lon- 
don to the Shackamaxon Monthly Meeting 
when he applied to proceed in marriage. He 
next took up a two hundred acre tract in 
Middletown. then in Chester county, now in 
Delaware county, where he built his homestead 
(in or near the Edgemont Great road, laid out 
in 1687. David Ogden had two sisters, both 
of whom came to Pennsylvania. Hannah, who 
probably lived with or near her brother and 
married Robert, son of John and Elizabeth 
( Songhurst) Barber, and died a widow with- 
out issue, and Sarah, married Isaac Williams, 
lived apparently in Philadelphia, and had a son 
Isaac who married and had two daughters, 
Rachel and Hannah. 

March 12, 1686, David Ogden married Mar- 
tiia, daughter of John and Ann Houlston, of 
Chester county, who married (second) at Mid- 
dletown Meeting in 1710, James Thomas, and 
resided in Whiteland, Pennsylvania. Her father 
had located the next farm but one to David 
Ogden, and her three sisters passed meeting 
on the same day and were married, Sarah, to 
Peter, a direct ancestor of President Zachary 



STATE OF \K\\ ll-'.RSl'.V 



Ta^lur ; Elizabeth to jaincs Swaft'ord ; and Re- 
becca to William Gregory. She also had a 
l)rother John. Her father was probably the 
John Hoiilston mentioned by Besse as having 
l)een February 5. 1660, sentenced in Wales to 
fifteen years imprisonment for refusing to 
take the oath of allegiance. Children of David 
and Martha ( Moulston ) Ogden : i. Jonathan, 
born April 19, 1687. died June, 1727; mar- 
ried .\nn Robinson. 2. Martha, July 23, 1689, 
living in 1720. 3. Sarah, November 3, 1691, 
married (first) Evan Howell, and (second) 
William Surman. 4. Nehemiah, December 15. 
1(193, "^'i^*' Jime 14, 1 78 1. 5. Samuel, Decem- 
ber 30, 1695, died January 14, 1748; married 
Esther Lownes. 6. John. July 4, 1698, died 
April 6, 1742; married (first) Hannah Davis, 
and (second) Hannah Owen. 7. .\aron. May 
31, 1700. 8. Hannah, .\ugust 22, 1702. living 
in 1720. 9. Stephen, referred to below. 

(H) Stephen, youngest child of David and 
-Martha (Houlston) Ogden, was born in Mid- 
illetown. Chester county, Pennsylvania, Janu- 
ary 12, 1705, died in Springfield, Pennsylvania, 
September 16, 1760. He married Hannah, 
born .\])ril 5. 1722, died October 10, 1783, 
daughter of \\'illiam Surman, of Worcester, 
Fjigland, and Mary Barnes, of the parish of 
Whittington, county Worcester, who were 
married December 16, 1720. Children of Ste- 
phen and Ffannah (Surman) Ogden: i. Nehe- 
miah, born April 12, 1744, died October 28, 
1752. 2. John, December 31, 1746, died May 
23, 1825; married Sarah Crozer. 3. Stephen, 
September 8, 1748, died October 13. 1776. 4. 
.Mary, October 11, 1750, died September 5, 
180Q; married Edward Home. 5. Hannah. 
August 21, 1752, (lied .\])ri! 17, 1822: married 
l'liili]3 Ikmsall. 6. .\aron, referred to below. 
7. Martha, October 20, 1756, died without 
issue; married (first) James .\rnold, of Glou- 
cester county. New Jersey, (second) Thomas 
Laycock, of Delaware county, Pennsylvania, 
a widower, and (third) another widower, John 
Humphrey. 8. Jonathan. 9. .Abigail, (Jcto- 
ber 2". 1760, died June 15, 1842: married 
(first) .^eth Pancoast, and (second) Israel 
Roberts. 

(HI) .\aron, sixth child and fourth son of 
Stephen and Hannah (Surman) Ogden, was 
born July 9, 1754. He married Esther Pres- 
ton: children: I. Rebecca, born January 19, 
1775, died September 9, 1829: married Cjeorge 
Malin. 2. Stephen, .April 18, 1777, died 1846: 
married Hannah P>artram. 3. Amar, Febru- 
ary 22, 1779, died October 4, 1780. 4. Joseph, 
referred to below. 5. Rachel, March 8, 1782, 



died June 15, 1869; married Abner Malin. 6. 
Preston, September 22, 1783, died October, 
1784. 7. Martha, April 11, 1785; married in 
Christ Church, Philadelphia, John Archer. 8. 
Hamiah, November 22, 1787, died January, 
1788. 

( 1\ ) Joseph, fourth child and third son of 
\aron and Esther (Preston) Ogden, was born 
September 9, 1780, died January 20, 1826. He 
was a cabinet maker in Newark, Delaware, an 
agriculturist and a strict Methodist class-leader, 
and other members of his family were strict 
members of the Methodist church, their de 
scendants being of the same religious persua- 
sion. Josei)h was one of the contractors in 
the building of the Delaware and Chesapeake 
canal and was employed upon it when he died. 
He married Lucretia Gorman, who died Janu- 
ary 2~,. i82(): children: i. Esther, born April 
3, 1805, died .August ig, 1863; married (first) 
Richard Hodges, (second) Lewis H. Ford, 
( third ) John Long. 2. Martha, twin with 
Esther, (lied January 3, 1875: married .Abra- 
ham Marline. 3. Aaron. December 26, 1806, 
died July 17. 1839: married (first) Elizabeth 
.Morris, (second) Eliza, daughter of .Abner 
and Rachel (Ogden) Malin, (third) someone 
in the west. 4. Sidney .Ann, January 26, 1809' 
married (first) a Mr. (Gordon, (second) John 
Perkins. 3. .Anier, April 2, 181 1, died June 
28, 1886; married Rebecca Wood. 6. Hannah 
I'.entley, March 20, 1813: married George 
Washington Topjjin. 7. Rebecca, April 23, 
181 5, died October 20, 1890; married Isaac 
Taylor, of Chester, Pennsylvania, and died 
without issue. 8. Anning Asbury, April 24, 
1817, died May 4. i8()4; married Sarah Nitzel 
Lincoln, (j. Torbert. .April 16, 1819, died 1855 
or 1856. 10. Sarah Smith, .April 23, 1821, died 
November 22, 1891 ; married Joseph Lock- 
wood. Ti. Joseph Richard, referred to below. 

( \' ) Joseph Richard, youngest child of Jo- 
>epli and Lucretia ((jorman) Ogden, was born 
.April 1, 1823, died July 31, i860. He was a 
nail-cutter and lived in Fairfield, opposite 
Harrislnirg, Pennsylvania. January 2i, 1847, 
he married Eliza .Ann, "(laughter of Samuel 
Keller, by whom he had one child Norman 
Preston, referred to below. Eliza Ann (Keller) 
Ogden's mother was Eliza Reckett, of Phila- 
delphia. 

( \ I ) Norman Preston, only child of Joseph 
Richard and Eliza Ann (Keller) Ogden, was 
born in Fairview, Pennsylvania, November 26, 
1848, and lives in .Atlanta, Delaware. He is a 
carjienter. In 1867 he married Margaret 
Twigg. daughter of John and Margaret 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



(Twigg) Brown, of Scotland. Their children 
are: I. John Brown, born June lo, 1868, died 
May 16, 1861). 2. Eliza Ann, April 2, 1870; 
married Charles, son of Matthias and Caroline 
C. (Mayer) Kappenstein, of Wucrtemburg. 
Germany ; resides in Philadelphia, and has two 
children : Margaret Brown, born August 7, 
1891, and Charles Gilbert, February 11, 1894 
3. Joseph Richard, referred to below. 4. Alex- 
ander Twigg, born June 26, 1875. 5. Norman 
F'reston, February r], 1878. 6. Jasper Dewie, 
December 3, 1880. 7. James Frederic, Janu- 
ary 27, 1884. 8. John Alexander, February 
26, 1887. died March 3, 1887. 9. Charles Kap- 
penstein, March 15, 1888, died July 14, 1888. 
10. George TTenry, May 22, 1889. 11. Mar- 
garet Brown, May 15, 1891, died July 22, 
i8gi. \2. Martin Samuel, December 2, 1893. 

(\TI) Joseph Richard (2), third child and 
second son, the eldest son to reach maturity of 
Xorman Preston and Margaret Twigg 
(Brown) Ogden, was born in Philadelphia. 
Pennsylvania, October 4, 1872, and is now 
living at Atlantic City, New Jersey. He was 
educated in the private schools of Philadelphia, 
and under private tutors, studied architecture 
and then became a practical builder. In 1900 
he opened an office in .Atlantic City as an archi- 
tect, and since that time he has built (|uite a 
number of jjrivate and ]iublic buildings. He is 
now engaged on plans for a large grammar 
school in Atlantic City. He is a Republican 
and attends the Presbyterian church. He is a 
member of Belcher Lodge, No. 180, Free and 
.\ccepted Afasons, .Atlantic City. He has also 
taken the consistory degrees in masonry. 

Xovember 14. 1899, Joseph Richard Ogden 
married May, born October 22, T872, daughter 
of the Rev. John B. McCorkell, a Presbyterian 
minister of Philadelphia. They have had three 
children: i. .\ child that died in infancy. 2. 
I'lertha May, born May 25, 1902. 3. Joseph 
Richard, Jr., May 2"], 1905. Mrs. Ogden is a 
helpmeet to her husband in every sense of the 
word, being actively engaged with him in his 
office, in formulating and jilanning archi- 
tectural designs. 



The birthplace of Yale Col- 
W l\ h '■ I \'\' lege and the first sixteen years 
of its infant life was in the 
neighlxirhood of Saybrook and Wcstbrook and 
immediately in that part of Killingworth now 
known as Clinton. Its birth year was 1700, its 
first charter 1701. and its sponsors the ten 
princijjal ministers of the Colony of Connecti- 
cut, wiio each contributed a gift of books. In 



1716 it was removed to New Haven and in its 
second charter, granted in 1745, it was named 
Yale in consideration of a gift of five hundred 
pounds in money and as many books. The 
catalogue of the early graduates of Yale gives 
us the names of Ebenezer Wright, a minister 
of the gospel, graduated in 1724, and Job 
Wright, also a minister of the gospel, in 1757. 
The third and fourth of the name are William 
W'right. graduated in 1774, and David, in 
1777, sons of David and Elizabeth (Hand) 
Wright. From 1781 to 1901 fifty-nine of the 
name have taken one or more degrees from 
Yale, and out of the whole number of gradu- 
ates of the name seven became clergymen, 
eight doctors of medicine, ten bachelors or 
doctors of philosophy, and the large majority 
were lawyers. On the inde.x of ofificers of the 
Universitv we find one in the chair of physics 
and chemistry, one in the chair of Latin and 
one a tutor as early as 1825. Williams, White. 
.Strong, Smith, Porter, Lewis, Jones, Johnson, 
Huntington, Hubbard, Hall, Clark, Brown, 
lialdwin, Allen and Adams are the only other 
family names with as many graduates. 

(I) Thomas, son of Tohn and Grace (Glas- 
cock) Wright, of I5reck Hall or "The Moat 
House," South Weald, county Essex, Eng- 
land, was born in England, where he was bap- 
tized November 19, 1610. He emigrated to 
.\merica and is found at AVethersfield, Con- 
necticut Colony, in 1640, where he was deputy 
to the general court, 1643, and where some 
time after May i, 1647, he married as his 
second wife, Margaret, widow of John Elsom, 
who died without issue in 1670. Thomas 
Wright by his first wife had five children as 
follows: .1. Thomas, married Elizabeth Chit- 
tenden, June 16, 1657; he died in April, 171 1. 

2. James, married (first) Mary . and 

(second) Dorcas Weed, November 20, 1660; 
he died in 1705. 3. Samuel, horn in 1634, in 
I'jigland, as were all these children ; he mar- 
ried Marv Butler, September 29, 16^9, and 
died h'ebruary 13. 1690. 4. Joseph, see for- 
war<l. 

(II) Joseph, fourth son of Thomas Wright, 
the immigrant, by his first wife, was born in 

I'jigland in i(^»39, and was brought to .•\merica 
as an infant. He lived in Wethersfield, Con- 
necticut, and married (first) Mary, daughter 
of John and Mary (Foster) Stoddard, Decem- 
ber 10, iW)3. By this marriage he had seven 
children: I. Mary, April 15, 1665. 2. Eliza- 
beth, November 18, i()67. 3. Joseph, February 

14, 1(170. 4. Sarah, May 16, i(')74. 5. Thomas. 
January 18. i<')77, married (first) Prudence 




C^^^^^^v^r^^fic 





/^# 



statp: of new iersey 



lO,^ 



Deming, October 4. 1705, and (second) Abi- 
gail Churchill, November 3, 1713. 6. John. 
May 19, 1679, married Mary, daughter of 
Lieutenant Jonathan Boardman, July 4, 1706. 
7. Jonathan, June 18, 1681, married Hannah, 
daughter of Joseph Rand, IMarch 24, 1706. 
Mary (Stoddard) Wright died August 23, 
1683, and her husband married (second) 
Mercy, sister of his deceased wife. March 10, 
1685, and by her he had two children, twins, 
Benjamin, see forward, and Nathaniel, born 
October 16. 1688. Nathaniel married, March 
12, 1712, Ann. daughter of Jonathan Deming. 
Deacon Joseph Wright died in Wethersfield. 
Connecticut. December 17, 1714. 

(III) Benjamin, twin son with Nathaniel 
of Deacon Joseph Wright by his second wife, 
Mercy (Stoddard) Wright, was born in Weth- 
ersfield. Connecticut. October 16. 1688. He 
married (first) Hannah Holmes. June 18, 
1 719, and probably (second) Elizabeth Hand, 
about 1725. and by this second marriage David 
(see forward) was born. 

(IV) David, son of Benjamin and Eliza- 
beth (Hand) Wright, was born in Wethers- 
field, Connecticut, then a part of Saybrook, 
about 1727. i^e married Hester, second 
daughter of John and Sarah (Williams) 
Whittelsey, of Saybrook, and their children 
were: i. William (q. v.). 2. David, born Oc- 
tober 30, 1756. He was a lawyer in New 
London and in the course of his professional 
duties was called to draw up the will of a client 
who was dying with yellow fever and in con- 
sequence he contracted the disease and died 
September 4, 1798. He married, March 6. 
1786. Martha, third daughter of Captain Rus- 
sell and Mary (Gray) Hubbard, of New Lon- 
don, and they had five sons and two daugh- 
ters born of this marriage, four sons and two 
daughters living to adult age. The oldest son 
became a minister of the gospel and \\'illiam 
was the second son. 

(V) William, son of David and Hester 
(Whittelsey) Wright, was born in Westbrook 
on the borders of Clinton. Connecticut, about 
1754. He was graduated at Yale, A. B., 1774. 
.-\. AL. 1777. and became a physician and sur- 
geon, joining the New Haven Medical Soci- 
ety in 1784. Shortly after he removed to 
Rockland county. New York, and lived near 
Nyack. his residence being in that part of the 
county which became the township of Clarks- 
town. He married and had twin sons, born 
November 13, 1789. one of whom he named 
William, see forward. Dr. William Wright 



died away from home while on a visit to the 
south in 1808. 

(VI) William (2). twin son of Dr. William 
(i) Wright, was born in Clarksville, Rock- 
land county. New York, November_i3, 1789. 
He was a volunteer soldier in the war of 1812 
and on returning home became a saddler in 
Bridgeport. Connecticut, in 1815. In 1821 
he removed his business to Newark. New Jer- 
sey, where he became a prominent member of 
the Henry Clay Whig party and active in the 
established organization of the party in the 
city of Newark. He was elected mayor of the 
city in 1839. swerving 1840-43, and was a rep- 
resentative 91 that party in the LTnited States 
house of representatives, serving throughout 
the twenty-eighth and twenty-ninth con- 
gresses, 1843-47. In 1847 'le was defeated in 
the election for governor of New Jersey by 
Daniel Haines, who had already served as 
governor, 1843-44. He was elected United 
States senator from New Jersey in 1833 by the 
Democratic members of the legislature, to 
complete the term of Senator Robert Field 
Stockton, who had resigned his seat January 
10, 1853. his term to expire March 3. 1857. On 
completing this term. Senator Wright was out 
of office until 1863 when the legislature again 
elected him to the LInited States senate for a 
full term to expire March 3, iSOg. and he took 
his seat December 7, 1863. He was chairman 
of the committee on manufactures and of that 
on contingent expenses. He died in Newark, 
New Jersey, November i. 1866, without com- 
pleting his term. 

He married. September 2. 1819. Minerva, 
daughter of William and Jemima (Tomlinson) 
Darrow, born in Bridgeport. Connecticut. Sep- 
tember 2. 1795. Her father and mother were 
married in 1785. The children of Hon. Will- 
iam and Minerva (Darrow) Wright were born 
as follows: I. Frederick William. May 21. 
i8jo. in Bridgeport. Connecticut. 2. Catherine 
Maria. March 23. 1822. in Bridgeport. 3. Ed- 
ward Henry, see forward. 

(\TI) Edward Henry, second son and third 
child of Hon. William (2) and Minerva (Dar- 
row) Wright, was born in Newark. New Jer- 
sey. April 5. 1824. He was prepared for col- 
lege at St. Paul's School. College Point. Long 
Island. New York, and was graduated at the 
College of New Jersey, Princeton. New Jer- 
sey. A. B.. 1844. A. M., 1847. He then studied 
law with Alexander Hamilton in New York ; 
with Archer Gifford in Newark, New Jersey, 
and at Harvard Law School, Harvard Uni- 



I04 



STATE OF XP:\V JERSEY. 



versity, and he was admitted to the bar of New 
Jersey in 1847. He traveled in Europe for 
study and observation, 1848-49, and on return- 
ing to the United States was appointed by 
President Tyler in May, 1849. secretary of 
the United States lejjislature at St. Petersburg, 
where he remained through the administration 
of President Tyler. He was a staunch and 
zealous Democrat for fifty years, and on the 
outbreak of the civil war, 1861, he volunteered 
for service in the Federal army, and was ap- 
])ointed in May, 1861, major of the Sixth 
United States Cavalry and aide-de-camp on 
the staff of Lieutenant General Winfield Scott, 
with the rank of colonel. On the retirement of 
General Scott, Major Wright was assigned 
to the staff of General George B. McClellan. 
with the same rank. This brought him active 
field duty on the Peninsula of Virginia, and in 
the Maryland campaign, and his commanding 
general recommended him for two brevets for 
gallant and meritorious service in the line of 
duty. He was ordered to report with his com- 
mander at Trenton, New Jersey, after the 
Maryland campaign, and he resumed civil life 
as did (ieneral McClellan, and he became a 
director of the Mutual P>enefit Life Insurance 
Company, and of the Newark Gas Company. 
He was made a companion in the military 
order of the Loyal Legion of the United 
States, and a commander of the Marcus L. 
Ward Post, No. 88. Grand Army of the Re- 
])ublic, which organization he served as com- 
mander and past commander. He was made 
a member of the Essex Club of Newark, and 
also a member of the Union Club of New 
York City, and served for several years as 
vice-president of the former. He was also 
made a member of the board of trustees of the 
Episcopal I'lmd of the Division of Newark; 
])resident of the board of managers of the 
New Jersey Home for Disabled Soldiers, with 
which board he was the active executive officer 
for twenty-five years. 

Major \\'right married. October 9. i860, in 
New \'ork City, Dorothea Eliza, daughter of 
Stevens Thomson and Dora E. ( l'liel|)s ) 
Mason, who was born at the home of 'Jliad- 
deus Phelps, No. 23 Park Place, in New York 
City. I ler father was the first governor of the 
state of Michigan, and founder of the LIniver- 
sity of Michigan. The children of Stevens 
Thom.son and Dora E. (Phelps) Mason were 
all born in New York City as follows : i . 
Stevens Thomson Mason, wiio died when three 
years old. 2. Dorothea E. Mason. 3. Thad- 
deus Phelps Mason, who died when six years 



of age. The children of Edward Henry and 
Dorothea Eliza (Mason) \\'riglit were born at 
No. 24 I'ark Place. Newark. New Jersey, as 
follows: I. Minerva, August 6, 1861, mar- 
ried Rowland Parry Keasby and had child 
Dorothea. 2. William Mason, September 24. 
1863. married Marjorie Jerauld and had chil- 
dren: William Mason, born at Fort Omaha, 
Nebraska ; Jerauld, born at Amherst, Massa- 
chusetts : ^Marjorie, born at Niagara Falls, 
New York ; the father is now stationed as 
major of the Eighth Infantry at Monterey, 
California. 3. Emily Virginia, October 29, 
1S64. 4. Julia Dora, October 29. 1865. 5. 
Katlierine Maria. May 20, 1866, died in 
infancy. 6. Dora Katlierine, June 18, 1868, 
married Chauncey G. Parker and they have 
five children: Chauncey G. Jr., Edith Wright. 
Edward Courtlandt and Dora Mason (twins), 
Elizabeth Steitz. 7. Edith Howard, March 5. 
1 87 1, died young. 8. Amabel Phelps, died 
young. 9. Edward Henry Jr., February 13, 
1875: married Caroline Lesher Firth, and 
their son is Edward Henry, wdio was of the 
ninth generation from Thomas Wright, the 
immigrant settler of Wethersfield. 



General James Fowler Rusling, 
RUSLIXG LL.D., was born April 14,1834, 

at Washington, New Jersey, 
but has liveil chiefiy at Trenton, New Jersey. 
The name has been "Rusling" during the past 
century. lUit in previous centuries (sixteenth, 
seventeenth, and eighteenth) it was also writ- 
ten "Rustling," "Ruslyng." "Ruslinge," "Ru.s- 
lin. ' "Ru-^slin." and "Russelin." according to 
the old parish registers of Winterton. Eng- 
land. Possibly descended from the Rosslyns 
of Scotland, or the Rosselyns. Rosselynes. 
Rocelines, or Rosselines of England. Perhaps 
of old -Saxon origin. The Saxon kings had a 
IxKiyguard, called "Ruslingas." and hence the 
name probably. 

The first of the family in America was 
lames Rusling — he always wrote his name 
thu>. He was the son of Robert and Chris- 
tiana Rusling. and was born at Hull. \'ork- 
shire. England. July 2i'>. 1762. but christened at 
\\ interingham. Lincolnshire. England, about 
ten miles south of Hull, .August 23. 1762. and 
appears by the jiarish register there. He died 
at Xewburgh. near Hackettstown. New Jersey. 
.\ugust 1 1. 1826, and was buried at Washing- 
ton, New Jersey, but reinterred at Asbury, 
New Jersey, 1892, in "The Rusling Plot" in 
the graveyard of the Methodist Episcopal 
church there. He was descended from W'ill- 



STATE OF NEW lERSEV 



105 



iam "Riislyng." Brian Rusling. or Robert 
Riisliiig probably, of W'interton. Lincolnshire, 
England, about three miles from Wintering- 
ham, who lived there or near there 1563-1638, 
or from Edward Rusling, who lived there 1724. 
He was married to Mary Fowler in the Parisii 
Church at Winterton (Old "All Saints"), May 
15, 1787, as appears by the parish register 
there. The same year he settled in business at 
Scunthorpe, about five miles from W'interton, 
and continued there until 1791 or thereabouts, 
when with two children he removed to Hull. 
But in 1795, with his wife and four children 
(three sons and one daughter), he removed to 
America, settling first in New York, but in 
1797 or thereabouts removed to New Jersey, 
settling at Newburgh, Morris county, about 
two and one-half miles southwest of Hacketts- 
town. Here he had previously purchased a 
considerable tract of land, in the "English Set- 
tlement," on the "Beswick Tract;"' but soon 
lost it all (his title being attacked), except 
about one hundred acres of mountain land, and 
was reduced from comparative affluence 
(acquired by himself) to poverty again. He 
began again as a school-teacher, but soon had a 
store at Newburgh, another at Anderson, and 
then another at Washington, and managed all 
three successfully. His education was limited. 
but he became a skilled bookkeeper, account- 
ant, and general man of business, and died 
1826 with the respect and esteem of his com- 
munity. In religion he was a Methodist, and 
one of the early disciples of John Wesley in 
England. He was there known as "James 
Rusling the Radical," and left England be- 
cause craving greater freedom and larger 
opportunity for himself and children. In the 
Methodist church here he became a trustee, 
class leader and recording Stewart. He was 
leader of the first Methodist class in Hacketts- 
town, active in building the first Methodist 
church there, and also another at Washington 
and Asbury, and for many years was record- 
ing steward of Asbury Circuit, when it com- 
])rised half of northern Jersey nearly. From 
him are descended all the Ruslings now in 
New Jersey. New York. Pennsylvania, and 
Canada, it is believed, if not in America. 

His wife, Mary (F"owler) Rusling, was born 
in Winterton, England, November 2^, 1766, 
christened November 28, 1766, died New- 
burgh, New Jersey, July 25, 1809, and buried 
Hackettstown, New Jersey. She belonged to 
the Fowlers of Winterton (Co. Lincoln) — an 
old and well known English family there. Her 
grandne])hew. Rev. Joseph Thomas Fowler. 



D. C. L. ( Hon. Canon of Durham Cathedral 
and lecturer in the L'niversity there), and his 
sister Elizabeth still occupy the old "Fowler 
Homestead" at Winterton, and they and their 
ancestors have owned and occupied it for 
nearly two centuries now. The Fowlers are 
numerous in England, and have held high posi- 
tions (member of parliament, Lord Mayor of 
London, secretary for India, etc.). But the 
Winterton Fowlers, while perhaps distantly 
related, do not claim to be more. Several have 
been clergv'men of the Church of England — 
three in one generation and four in the next. 
Her oldest brother William became an anti- 
quary and engraver of note in England 1796- 
1829. and his engravings in three large vol- 
umes are now in the British Museum and Bod- 
leian and other great libraries at Oxford, Dur- 
ham, and elsewhere in England and Scotland. 
He reckoned among his patrons George III, 
the Duke of Wellington, Sir Joseph Banks, 
Sir Walter Scott and others. 

James and Mary (Fowler) Rusling had chil- 
dren, as follows: Joseph, born May 12, 1788, 
died July 4, 1839. James, born August 8. 
1789, died December 7, 1848. William, born 
July 18, 1791, died February 23, 1872. Han- 
nah Fowler, born August 21, 1793, died August 
14, 1881. Married Edward Johnston. Ger- 
shom, born September i, 1796, died February 
5, 1881. Sedgwick, born April 24, 1799, died 
March 7. 1876. Mary Elizabeth, born Novem- 
ber 4, 1804, died October 3, 1876. Married 
John P. Sharp. 

James Rusling married I second I Hannah 
Rose (nee Frazer), of Fox Hill. Morris 
county. New Jersey, April 2, 1810. She was 
born November 17, 1775, died April 14, 1848, 
and buried Asbury, New Jersey. Their chil- 
dren were as follows : Robert, born January i, 
1812, died .August 5, 1879. John, born March 
ft, 1813, died January 16, 1896. Mercy, born 
October 11. 1814, died June 15, 1892. Mar- 
ried Samuel G. Encke : he died February 4, 
1906. Of the above Joseph and Sedgwick 
became Methodist ministers — J oseph noted also 
as a writer of hymns and poems. Robert be- 
came a member of assembly, judge of court of. 
common pleas. New Jersey, and United States 
internal revenue officer and postmaster. John. 
L'nited States internal revenue officer and 
|)t>stmaster. 

Gershom Rusling, father of James Fowler 
Rusling. was born in New York, September i. 
1796. as above stated. He married Eliza Pjudd 
Hankinson. March I. 1825 ; she was born April 
13. 1803. died December 3. 1838. and buried 



io6 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



Asbury, New Jersey. Their children are as 
follows : William AlcCullough Henry Hank- 
inson, born February 28, 1826, never married; 
died September 14, 1907; buried Trenton, New 
Jersey. Called "Henry." Usually written 
"William H.," and "W. Henry." Ann Maria, 
born January i, 1828, died December 13, 1872. 
Married Rev. Edmund Hance, M. D. Buried 
Asbury, New Jersey. No issue. Emma, born 
April 5, 1830, died March 30, 1873. Married 
Hon. Stacy Barcroft Bray. Buried Eambert- 
ville. New Jersey. Had one daughter, Eliza 
K., born August 16, 1863. Gershom, born May 
5, 1832, married Isabell Ross, February 5, 
1857; she died July 22, 1893, leaving three 
daughters. Lizzie B., Miriam H., and Lillie A. 
Buried Morristown, New Jersey. James 
Fowler, born April 14, 1834. John P. B. 
Sloan, born September 19, 1836, died January 
9. 1838, buried Asbury, New Jersey. Eliza 
Keturah, born September 13, 1838, died xiXu- 
gust 4, 1858, buried Asbury, New Jersey. 

Gershom Rusling married (second) Hannah 
Matthews, July 7. 1841. She was born Octo- 
ber 22, 1796, died May 19, 1S58, and buried 
Asbury. New Jersey. Xo issue. 

Gershom Rusling married (third) Sarah Hill, 
December 13, i860. She was born September 
18, 1816. died April 28, 1887, and buried Flem- 
ington. New Jersey. No issue. 

In early life he worked on his father's farm 
at Newhurg, New Jersey, and then became 
clerk and jjartner in his stores ; then merchant 
himself at Washington, New Jersey, and 
acquired a competency. Here also he became 
United States postmaster, school trustee, and 
director in Morris Canal and Banking Com- 
pany. He founded the Methodist Episcopal 
church there, and was its first class leader and 
Sunday school superintendent. In 1844 he 
removed to Cherryville, Hunterdon county. 
New Jersey, and became a merchant again. 
In 1845 he removed to Trenton, New Jersey, 
and became merchant and farmer. Here also 
he became inspector of New Jersey State 
Prison, director of Crosswicks and Trenton 
Turnpike Company, and class leader and ex- 
.horter Methodist Episcopal church. His farm 
near Trenton was made valuable by the growth 
of the city, and his wealth much enhanced. His 
opportunities for education were few, but he 
made the most of them, and being endowed 
with fine natural abilities, he became a good 
business man and useful citizen. In religion 
he was always a Methodist, but friendly to all 
other churches. In politics he was originally a 
Democrat, but in i860 he became a Republi- 



can, and continued in that political faith until 
his decease. 

Eliza Budd (Hankinson) Rusling, his first 
wife, and mother of all his children, was the 
daughter of Henry and Mary (McCullough) 
Hankinson. Henry Hankinson was the son of 
General Aaron and Mary (Snyder) Hankin- 
son, of Stillwater, .Sussex coimty. New Jersey. 
.\aron Hankinson was colonel of Second Regi- 
ment, Sussex Militia, February 28, 1777, and 
I)romoted brigadier-general, June 5, 1793. He 
was on frontier service on the upper Dela- 
ware, against Indians and Tories, during much 
of the war, and at the battles of the Brandy- 
wine and Gerniantown under General Wash- 
ington, September 11. 1777, and October 11, 
1777. He was member of assembly of New 
Jersey, 1782 to 1786, 1788 to 1792. and elder 
of Presbyterian church. His son Henry was 
born August 27, 1767, died May 5, 1848, and 
buried Asbury, New Jersey. He was major 
and inspector of Sussex Brigade, New Jersey 
Militia, October 26, 1809, and also elder of 
Presbyterian church. He was admitted to 
New Jersey bar, November term, 1794, and 
settled in practice at Washington, New Jersey. 
Was member of assembly of New Jersey, 
1 806- 1 807- 1 808 and 1835. The Hankin.sons 
are of English origin, and settled in Mon- 
mouth county about 1680. But a branch re- 
moved to Hunterdon county. (Joseph and 
Rachel Mattison, his wife, — born 1712 and 
1707) and Aaron was their son, born February 
7, 1735, at Rowland's Mills, near Flemington, 
New Jersey, removed to Sussex county, about 
1764, and died Stillwater, Sussex county. New 
Jersey, October 9. 1806. 

Mary McCullough Hankinson was the daugh- 
ter of \\'illiam AlcCullough, who was born 
December 18, 1750, died February 9, 1840, and 
buried Asbury, New Jersey. He was private 
of First Regiment, Sussex Alilitia, and captain 
and conductor of Team Brigade 1776 to 178 1. 
during the Revolution, and was pensioned 
1832 at $320 per annum, — afterwards increas- 
ed to .$480. He was lieutenant-colonel of 
Lower Regiment, Sussex Militia, June 5, 1793, 
transferred to Third Regiment, and resigned 
November 23, 1801. He was member of 
assembly of New Jersey, 1793-94-95-96-99, 
and of council 1800-01-02-03, and judge of 
court of common pleas 1803-1838 — thirty-five 
years in succession. He was the son of Ben- 
jamin and Hannah Cook (Henry) McCul- 
lough, who married about 1757 and lived at or 
near Bloomsbury, Warren county, New Jer- 
sey. P>enjamin McCullough was of Scotch- 



STATK OF NEW IKRSEY. 



107 



Irish anccstr)-, and came from county Tyrone 
or Antrim to New Jersey, about 1750. Born 
1736, died 1789, and buried in Presbyterian 
graveyard, Greenwich, near Stewartsville, 
\\'arren county, New Jersey. He also was 
elder of Presbyterian church. He was cap- 
tain in Heard's brigade. New Jersey Con- 
tinentals, June 14, 1776, and in First Regi- 
ment, Sussex Militia, May 24, 1777. Was 
member of committee of safety of his town- 
ship and county. 1775, member of assembly of 
New Jersey, 1778-79, and freeholder, 1781-84. 
Hoth he and son William at battles of Tren- 
ton, Princeton. Monmouth, and Springfield 
probably. Both always ardent friends of edu- 
cation and public improvements. William 
became a Methodist, 1786, and settling at 
Hall's Mills (now Asbury, New Jersey) had 
the name of the place changed to Asbury, in 
honor of Bishop Asbury of that church. He 
was instrumental in building the Methodist 
Episcopal church there, and Bishop Asbury 
laid its corner-stone, August 9, 1796, stopping 
at "Brother McCullough's" (Asbury's Journal, 
vol. 2, p. 259. Elsewhere he spells it "Colonel 
McCollock's"). He gave the lot for the public 
school at Washington, New Jersey, and also 
contributed liberally to the Methodist Episco- 
pal church there. In politics James Rusling, 
Henrv and Aaron Hankinson. WMlliam and 
Benjamin McCullough were all Democrats. 

Gershom Rusling's second wife, Hannah 
(Matthews) Rusling, was daughter of Jere- 
miah and Kesiah (Allen) Matthews, of Mount 
Pleasant, Hiuiterdon county, New Jersey, son 
of William Matthews, and also a soldier in the 
Revolution. The father of Jeremiah Matthews 
emigrated here from Wales about 1740. 

Gershom Rusling's third wife, Sarah (Hill) 
Rusling, was the daughter of Joachim Hill, 
Flemington, New Jersey, of French descent 
probably. 

James Fowler Rusling (so named after his 
grandfather and grandmother — James and 
Mary Fowler Rusling), third son of Gershom 
and Eliza Budd (Hankinsin) Rusling, was 
born April 14, 1834, at W'ashington, Warren 
county, New Jersey, but removed March, 1845, 
to Trenton, New Jersey, with his father and 
family. He was educated at Trenton Acad- 
emy, Pennington Seminary, and Dickinson Col- 
lege (Carlisle. Pennsylvania) — taking first 
honors at Pennington 1852, and second honors 
at Dickinson 1854, with degree of A. B., hav- 
ing entered junior there. He delivered the 
master's oration and received his degree of A. 
M.. at Dickinson College. 1857. He was pro- 



fessor of natural science and belles lettres at 
Dickinson Seminary, Williamsport, Pennsyl- 
vania, 1854 to 1858, and at same time read law 
and was admitted to Pennsylvania bar 1857, 
and New Jersey bar, 1859. He settled in 
Trenton, in the practice of law, 1859, and was 
elected county solicitor of Mercer county, 
1861, and continued there until August, 1861, 
when he became first lieutenant and quarter- 
master Fifth Regiment, New Jersey Infantry 
\'olunteers. He served all through the Civil 
war, in Army of the Potomac to fall of 1863, 
in Department of Cumberland to summer of 
1865, and in United States War Department to 
September, 1867, at regimental, brigade, divi- 
sion, corps, army and department headquarters 
and retired as brigadier-general United States 
\'olunteers (brevet) "for meritorious and dis- 
tinguished services, W^ar of 1861." He was 
thus five times promoted, on the recommenda- 
tion of such officers as Generals Patterson, 
Mott, Sickles, Hooker, McClellan, Thomas, 
Sherman, and Grant, and served in succes- 
sion at regimental, brigade, division, corps, 
army, department and general United States 
army headquarters — a record unecpialed in 
kind by any New Jersey or other officer, it is 
believed. 

Returning to law practice, in 1868 he re- 
ceived the Republican nomination for congress 
( Second New Jersey district ) over Ex-Gover- 
nor Newell, but was defeated by a small major- 
ity, this district being heavily Democratic as 
then constituted. In 1869 he was appointed 
United States pension agent for New Jersey by 
President Grant, and re-appointed until 1877, 
when the New Jersey agency (with others) 
was abolished by consolidation. He resumed 
general law practice and real estate business, 
and became counselor-at-law in all New Jer- 
sey and United States courts ; also master in 
chancery and notary public. In 1895 he was 
appointed bv Governor Werts on a commis- 
sion to consider certain lands at Englishtown, 
New Jersey, for a Blind Asylum, etc. In 1896 
he was appointed by Governor Griggs on a 
commission to investigate the whole subject of 
taxation in New Jersey, and in 1897 a com- 
missioner from New Jersey io Tennessee 
Centennial Exposition, and became president 
of the New Jersey commission there. He 
organized four land associations at Trenton, 
New Jersey (1869-1889), and became secre- 
tary, treasurer and solicitor of each (Linden 
Park, Hamilton avenue. Greenwood avenue, 
and Broad street), and conducted all success- 
fully and profitably. In 1871 he also organized 



loS 



STATE Ui" XK\\" J1':K.S1":Y 



the Linden i'ark Loan (.\: lUiilding Associa- 
tion, as solicitor, etc., and it was conducted 
satisfactorily. He has made many investments, 
real estate and otherwise, and managed large 
affairs for himself and others, prudently and 
well. 

As author he has written considerably for 
various periodicals, magazines and otherwise. 
In 1875 he published a volume entitled "Across 
America, or the Great West and the Pacific 
Coast." being an account of his observations 
and adventures there 1866-7, when inspector 
United States army, which passed through two 
editions. In 1886, he wrote a "Ilistory of 
State Street Methodist Episcopal Church, 
Trenton, New Jersey," with a summary of 
early Methodism in Trenton and New Jersey. 
In 1876 he delivered the annual address at 
both Dickinson Seminary and Dickinson Col- 
lege, and in 1888 and 1895 the annual address 
at I'ennington Seminary. In 1890 he wrote a 
"History of Pennington Seminary." In 1869, 
as their first counsel, he wrote the cliarter and 
by-laws for the Ocean Grove Camp Meeting 
Association. In 1889 he delivered the Fourth 
of July oration there. In 1890 he received the 
degree of LL. D. from Dickinson College. In 
1 895- 1 900 he delivered an address on the 
"^Iarch of Methodism," in Philadelphia, Cam- 
den, Bridgeton. Atlantic City, Long Branch, 
.\ew Brunswick, Ocean Grove, Trenton, 
Bridgeport, Connecticut: Cleveland, Ohio; 
L_\nn, Massachusetts ; W'aterville, Maine ; Xew 
York. Ilarrisburg, Ijaltimore, Washington, D. 
C, and elsewhere, and has been a frequent 
s]X'aker at literary, political and religious gath- 
erings in New Jersey and other states since 
1859. In 1888. at dedication of New Jersey 
monuments, Cjcttysburg, Pennsylvania, he de- 
livered the oration for hifth Regiment New 
Jersey Volunteers. In 1891 he organized the 
Mercer County Soldiers' (S: Sailors' Monument 
Association, and became its first president. He 
has spoken on "Memorial Day" (May 30th j 
every year situx' 1868 nearly, in New Jersey 
and elsewhere. In 1892 he delivered an ad- 
dress on "Christo])her Columbus," at Penning- 
ton Seminary and elsewhere. In 1896, at 
.\sbury Park, New Jersey, lie read a paper on 
the "Battle of Monmouth" before the New 
Jersey Society of the -Sons of the .American 
Revolution, which was a full and critical 
account of that battle, anil of much historic 
value. In 1898 he delivered the semi-centen- 
nial address at Dickinson Seminary. In 1899 
he published "Men and Tilings I Saw in Civil 
War Days." and in 1902 "European Days and 



Ways" (an account of his tour of Europe, 
1899J, both of which were handsomely noticed 
by the press and had large sales. 

He joined the Methodist Episcopal church 
in 1848, and has been a member of State Street 
Methodist Episcopal Church, Trenton, New 
Jersey, since its organization, 1859, and a trus- 
tee and local preacher there many years. He 
was one of the chief founders of both Broad 
Street and Broad Street Park Methodist Epis- 
copal Churches, Trenton, New Jersey, and 
contributed largely both to these and other 
churches. He was president of Mercer County 
Sunday School Association, 1875-76, and trus- 
tee of Dickinson College 1862 to 1880, and 
again 1904. Also was trustee of Pennington 
Seminary 1868 to 1904, and president board of 
trustees, 1889 to 1899, and now trustee emeri- 
tus there. In 1852 he founded (or helped to 
found) the Alpha Omega Society there. In 
1888 he founded the "Rusling Medal" for 
good conduct and high scholarship there. In 
1904 he founded the "Rusling Scholarship" at 
Dickinson College, for the best senior there 
I male or female). In 1891 he was elected mem- 
ber board of managers of (jcneral Missionary 
Society Methodist Episcopal Church, and soon 
afterwards vice-president of the board. In 
1896 he was elected lay delegate to the General 
Conference Methodist Episcopal Church, 
Cleveland, Ohio, for New Jersey Conference, 
and delivered the laymen's resjwnse to that 
city's address of welcome. He has been elected 
member of General Missionary Committee 
Methodist Episcopal Church repeatedly, and 
met with them at Philadelphia, Brooklyn, New 
\'ork. Albany, Washington, Pittsburg, Omaha, 
etc. In 1903 he delivered the trustees' address 
at Pennington Seminary, at the inauguration 
of President Marshall. .Mso, same year, an 
address on John Wesley, at Trenton. New 
Jersey. In 1904 he made the address of wel- 
come to the New Jersey Conference from the 
Trenton Churches. In 1904-5 he raised $2,000 
for the chai)el organ at I'ennington Seminary. 
In 1903 he delivered an oration on George 
Washington, before the high school, Trenton, 
Xew Jersey ; also, same year, on Abraham Lin- 
coln, before the Republican Club, Trenton, 
Xew Jersey: also in 1907 a memorial address 
on Bisho]i McCal)e. Trenton, New Jersey ; also 
same vear an address at Semi-annual Reunion 
of the Newark and New Jersey Conferences, 
.Morristown, New Jersey. 

Me is a member of the Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion (Pennsylvania Command- 
erv). Wilkes Post, No. 23, Grand Army of the 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



109 



Republic ; Third Corps Union, Society of the 
Army of the Potomac. Society of the Army of 
the Cumberland. Historical Society of New 
Jersey, Sons of the American Revolution of 
New Jersey. Revolution Memorial Society of 
New Jersey, the Republican Club, Ashlar 
Lodge, No. 76, Free and Accepted Masons, 
Union Philosophical Society (Dickinson Col- 
lege), etc. In politics he was bred a Democrat 
(his father, grandfather, great-grandfather. 
and great-great-grandfather before him) ; but 
in 1856 he cast his first vote for Fren\ont, and 
has continued a Republican — voting for every 
Republican president. 

He married, January i, 1858, Mary Free- 
man, daughter of Rev. Isaac \\'inner, D. D.. 
Pennington, New Jersey, who died same year, 
without issue, and buried at Pennington. He 
married (second) June 30, 1870, Emily Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Isaac Wood and Emily 
Wells, Trenton, New Jersey (formerly Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania) , by whom he has had the 
following children : James Wood Rusling, and 
Emih- \Vells Rusling, both still living, unmar- 
ried. James Wood was educated Trenton, 
New Jersey, and Princeton University, class of 
1897, and afterwards traveled extensively in 
Europe, member of Philadelphia stock ex- 
change, 1897-1904, real estate and investment 
broker. Trenton, New Jersey, 1904, notary 
public and commissioner of deeds of New Jer- 
sey, member of the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion, Pennsylvania Commandery, and 
of the Princeton Club, Trenton, New Jersey. 
In politics a Republican. Emily Wells was 
educated at Trenton, New Jersey, and also 
traveled extensively in Europe. Both are mem- 
bers of State Street Methodist Episcopal 
Church, Trenton, New Jersey. 

The Ruslings make no claim to armorial 
bearings, unless descended from the Rosslyns 
of Scotland (See p. 117 Co. Lincoln not far 
from the Border), in which case the following 
may be cited: '"Rosslyn, Earl of. Co. Mid 
Lothian: Arms: Quarterly, ist. Arg. a cross 
engrailled ; 2d. arg. a pale sa : 3d. arg. az. a 
bend, betw. six cross-crosslets, fitchee or : 4th 
arg. on a chev. gu. betw. three roses of the 
last, barbed vert, a tieur-de-lis. Crests: ist. a 
phoenix in flames ppr. and over it the device 
'Rinasco piu glorioso,' 2d. an eagle's head 
erased ppr. with the words Tllaeso lumine 
solem.' Sup(>orfcrs: Dexter an eagle, wings 
inverted, ppr. gorged with a collar arg. thereon 
a fleur-de-lis, sinister, a griffin, ppr. Motto: 
Fight." Burke's Peerage, 1250. 

Or they may be descended from the Roce- 



lines, Rosselyns, Rosselines, or Rosselynes, of 
England, in which case the following may be 
cited: "Roceline or Rosselyn. (temp Edward 
I ) the early arms were gules, three round 
buckles, argent." \\'oodward's British & For- 
eign Heraldry, \'ol. i, p. 393. 

"Rosseline or Rosselyne (Co. Norfolk- 
adjoining Co. Lincoln on the east) arms gu. 
three round buckles ar. tongues in chief. Crest. 
A spurrowel az. betw. two wings or." Burke's 
(Jen. Armory, 873. 

"Rosselyne (Co. Norfolk) Az. three fer- 
mails or." Burke's Gen. Armory, 873. "Ros- 
selyne. Az. a cross sarcelly or; another Gu. 
three crosses sarcelly ar." ibid. 

"Rosselyne. Gu. three square buckles betw. 
nine crosses crosslet ar; another. Gu. three 
buckles lozengeways betw. nine crosses cross- 
let fitchee or." Burke's Gen. Armory, 873. 

But Thomas \'alentine Fowler the youngest 
brother of said Mary Fowler Rusling (who 
followed her to America about 1810, crossing 
the Atlantic several times, and settling in New 
York, but dying at Salem, New Jersey, 185 1, 
while on a visit to T. V. Fowler Rusling there 
— named after him) used to claim that his 
oldest brother, said William Fowler (theanti- 
c|uary, etc.), was once shown a coat-of-arms, 
in a stained-glass window, in an English 
Manor House, which the owner told him was 
formerly the "Fowler coat-of-arms," and that 
said Manor of right belonged to the Fowler 
Family, but had been confiscated in Crom- 
well's time (the Fowlers being royalists) and 
never restored. Said Thomas V. Fowler had 
a written description thereof, which he said 
he had received from his said brother William, 
as follows ; 

"Fowler Arms, 

(Heraldick) 

in the staircase window. 

Ilealy Hall, Fordingham, Lincolnshire; 

Crest 

Ostrich Flead — or — between two wings argent, 

holding in his beak a Horse Shoe azure, 

Quarterly 

Azure and or. In the first quarter a Hawk's 
Lure and Line, or." 

As bearing on the above, the following is 
cited ; 

"Fowler, St. Thomas. Co. Stafford, descend- 
ed from Sir Richard Fowler of Foxley, Co. 
Buckingham. A Crusader, toiip Richard I. 
who by his extraordinary vigilance, having 
saved the Christian camp from a nocturnal 
surprise, received the honor of knighthood on 



STATE OF NEW IKRSEY. 



the field. ti\ini his sovereign, who, says tradi- 
tion, caused the crest which Sir. Richard then 
bore, a hand and a lure, to be changed to the 
vigilant owl. Anns. Az on a chev (another 
angr) betw. three lions pass, guard, or. as 
many crosses formee (another moline) sa. 
Crest. An owl. ar. ducally gorged or. Another 
Crest. A cubit arm habited az. holding in the 
hand ppr. a lure vert, feathered ar. lined or. 
twisted round the arm." Burke's Gen. Armory, 
372. Also the following: 

'"Fowler, (Stonehouse. Co. (iloucester: 
granted March 13, 1606). Quarterly, az. and 
or. in the 1st quarter a hawk's lure and line of 
the second. Crest. An ostrich's head or. betw. 
two wings ar. holding in the beak a horseshoe 
az." IJurke's Gen. Armory, 372. 

Fowler. (Clifton. Co. Gloucester) "Quar- 
terly, per pale indented az and or. in the 1st 
and 4th. quarters a hawk's line, and in the 
2d and 3d a lion pass. Counterchanged. Crest. 
An ostrich's head couped or. in the beak a 
horseshoe sa. betw. two wings ar. each charged 
with two cinquefoils in pale az." Burke's Gen. 
Armory, p. 2/2. 

F'owler, (Gunton Hall. Co. Suffolk) "Crest. 
A cubit arm vested az. grasping in the hand 
ppr. a hawk's lure vert, string twisted around 
the arm." Burke's Gen. Armory, p. 372. 

The above are not unlike the "Fowler Arms" 
on p. 13 — indeed, are much the same — and the 
facts are given for what they are worth, as 
they may interest somebody. 

The Hankinsons (see p. 119) likely came 
from Co. Middlesex, England, and, if so, may 
be entitled to the following "Arms" probably: 

"Ar a fesse gu. fretty or. betw. three ducks 
Sa. Crest a demi phoenix, wings elevated or. 
issuant from flames. Motto: / '; ct imiiiio." 
Burke's Gen. Armory, 452. See also Fair- 
bank's Crests, vol. i., p. 597. 

The McCulloughs (see p. 119) are of Scotch 
Irish ancestry, and came from Scotland into 
Ireland in the time of Robert B)ruce, probably 
— about 1315. i\s bearing upon them and their 
".Arms," the following it cited: 

"McCulloch, Sir John, of Myretoun. His 
dau. Grizel wedded John Vans or Vaux, Esq. 
claims to belong to House of Vaux celelirated 
in every country of Europe, of Barnbarrocli. 
son of Patrick, son of Sir John of Barnbar- 
roch. Flis dau. Agnes married Sir Wm. Max- 
well, of Monteilh. Burke's Hist, of Com- 
moners, vol. I., |). 439. Sir John Vans, of 
Barnbarrocli married Janet, dau. and heiress 
of Sir Simon McCullough, of Myretoun. He 
was slain in battle of Pinkie, 1 347. Bjid.. p. 43S, 



.Inns. Quarterly: ist & 4th arg. a bend 
gu : 2(1 & 3d arg. a chev. between in chief two 
cinquefoils gu. with a cross crosslet fitchee sa. 
in centre and a base a saltire couped. 

Crests. First. A Lion rampant, holding 
scales in the dexter paw. Second. An eagle 
issuant and regardant ppr. 

Supporters. Two Savages, with clubs in 
their hands, and wreathed about the middle 
with laurel. 

Motto. "Be F^aithful." Ibid., 439." 

Also the following : 

"AlcCulloch, David, Esq. of Ardwell, Kirk- 
cudbright. A naked arm and hand throwing a 
dart, ppr ; motto, vi et animo." Fairbank's 
Crests, vol. I., p. 306; vol. 2, plate 42, Crest 
1 3 ; Burke's Visitation of Arms, vol. 2, p. 70. 
Also : 

"McCulloch (Barholm Co. Kirkcudbright) 
Erm. a fret engr. gu. on an escutcheon az. three 
wolves heads erased or. Crest. A hand throw- 
ing a dart ppr. Supporters. Two men in 
armour, each holding a spear ppr. Motto, viet 
animo." Family Crests, \'ol. i, 302. Burke's 
I ien. .\rmory, 637 ; Rietstap Armorial General, 
\'ol. 2, p. 121. Also: 

"McCulloch, Sco. a hand throwing a dart 
ppr. I'i et cuiiino." F^amily Crests. PL, 61. no 
19. Also: 

"McCulloch, Myrtoun, (this seems to be the 
same as "Myretoun" j). 122) co. Wigton, bart 
Erm, fretty gu. Crest. A hand throwing a 
dart. ppr. Motto 7'/ ct aniiiio." F'amily Crests, 
\"ol. I., p. 302. 

The name was originally "McCullo," and 
afterwards was written "McCulloch," "Mc- 
Cullock," and "McCullough." The latter is 
the motiern spelling ; but they are all the same 
probably — idem sonaiis. And the above all 
given accordingly, for what they are worth, as 
they may interest somebody. 



Hugh Mercer, physician and 

M l'',l\('i'".R soldier, for whom the county of 

]\Iercer is named, was a member 

()f a dislingnished .Scottish family which had 

furnished, i)articularly tt) the kirk, men famous 

in iniblic life. 

The great-grandfather of Hugh Mercer was 
John, a minister of the church in Kinnellan. 
.Vberdcenshirc, from 1650 to 1676, from which 
pastorate Jt)hn Mercer resigned a year before 
liis death. The wife of this eminent divine was 
Eilias Row, a great-granddaughter of John 
Row, the reformer. Of this union there were 
three children. The grandfather of Hugh, was 
Thomas Mercer, baptized January 20, 1658. 




GENERAL HUGH MERCER 
From portrait presented to New Jersey Society Sons of the Revolution, by Ja 



Burke. Esq., o! Princeton, 1901 



STATE OF NEW )ERSEY. 



and polled 1696. Thomas was twice married, 
one wife being Anna Raite, the other Isabel 

. Of the seven children of whom 

Thomas Mercer was the father, one was Will- 
iam, baptized March 25, 1696. William was 
educated for the ministry, was in charge of 
the Manse at Pittsligo, Aberdeenshire, from 
1720 to 1748. He married Anne, daughter of 
Sir Robert Munro, of Foulis. Sir Robert was 
killed while commanding the British troops at 
I'^alkirk in 1746. To W illiam and Anne there 
were born three children, one of whom was 
Hugh, the subject of this memoir. The date 
of Hugh's birth was probably 1723, as he was 
baptized in January, 1726. His wife was Isa- 
bella Gordon, of \'irginia. The children of 
Hugh Mercer and Isabella (Gordon) Alercer 
were: i. Anna Gordon, a celebrated beauty, 
married Robert Patton, of Fredericksburg. 2. 
John, born 1772, died 1817. 3. William, died 
unmarried. 4. George Weedon, died unmar- 
ried. 5. Hugh Tennant W'eedon, born August 
4, 1776, educated under an act of congress, 
1793, married Louisa Griffin, daughter of Judge 
Cyrus Grififin. by Lady Christiana Stuart. 
Colonel Hugh Tennant Weedon Mercer died 
December, 1853, at the "Sentry Box," Fred- 
ericksburg, X'irginia, while Mrs. Mercer died 
December 28, 1839, aged eighty years. 

Of the boyhood life of General Hugh Mer- 
cer little is known. As was the case with 
many Scottish lads, he entered college, when 
about fifteen years of age, matriculating in the 
School of Medicine, Marshall College, in 1740, 
graduating in 1744. ]\Ioved by the loyal spirit 
of his ancestors, Hugh Mercer joined the army 
of Prince Charlie, the "Young Pretender,'' and 
during the i6th of April, 1746, he appears as 
a-ssistant surgeon upon the ill-starred field of 
Culloden. 

Driven by the butcheries of the Duke of 
Cumberland, Hugh Mercer, in the autumn of 
1746. set sail from Leith, remained a short 
time in Philadelphia, and settled at Greencastle, 
Pennsylvania, now Mercersburg, then upon the 
frontier of new world civilization. Practicing 
his profession in the wilds of the "Indian Coun- 
try," Hugh Mercer does not appear promi- 
nently until the year 1733, when in the "Brad- 
dock Expedition" he appears as a captain of 
militia. Following Braddock's humiliating de- 
feat, Hugh Mercer, although wounded, walked 
many miles through the wilderness to his home. 
Early in the spring oi 1736 Flugh Mercer was 
selected as Captain of the local militia, having 
a supervision over a wide district with Mc- 
Dowell's Ferry (Bridgeport) as headc|uarters. 



and acting as physician and surgeon to the 
garrison. Again was Hugh Mercer wounded, 
and in retreat from an Indian fight, walking 
over one hundred miles through the forests, 
hiding in the trunks of trees, and living upon 
roots, berries and the carcass of a rattle snake, 
until he could rejoin his command at Fort 
Cumberland. For these and other patriotic 
services the corporation of Philadelphia pre- 
sented him with a vote of thanks and a medal. 

In 1737, Mercer was in command of the 
militia stationed at Shippensburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, being appointed major in December, 
1737, with command of all Provincial forces 
stationed west of the Susquehanna. In 1758 
Major Mercer was in command of a portion 
of the Forbes E.xpedition against Fort Du- 
Ouesne. It was during this period that Mer- 
cer met George W'ashington whose military 
fame had spread beyond the confines of the 
Great Northern Neck of Virginia. Between 
the two men a friendship was established that 
led Mercer to remove from I'ennsylvania to 
\'irginia, taking up his residence in Fredericks- 
burg, famed not only as the home of W'ashing- 
ton 's mother, but as the then residence of John 
Paul, who, assuming the name of Jones, later 
became the world-renowned naval commander ; 
of James Alonroe. afterward President of the 
L'nited States : of John Marshall, subsequently 
chief justice of the LTnited States ; of General 
(ieorge W^eedon, owner of the "Rising Sun," 
and brother-in-law of Mercer ; and of George 
Mason, of Gunson Hall. In Fredericksburg, 
General Mercer attended the meeting of Lodge 
No. 4, Free and Accepted Masons, of which 
(Seorge Washington w'as a member. 

Throughout the period of constitutional 
agitation preceding the revolution. Dr. Alercer 
devoted himself to his practice and to the 
delights of those social relationships for which 
I'^retlericksburg was and is noted. In 1773, 
the Royal Governor, Dunmore, at W^illiams- 
burg, transferred a portion of the Colonial 
store of powder from the magazine to the ship 
"Magdalen." It was this crowning act of exec- 
utive incompetency to deal with local phases 
of the general revolutionary problem, that led 
to the organization of the Whig regiments. 
Upon September 12, 1775. Mercer was appoint- 
ed as colonel of minute-men for the counties 
of Caroline, Stafford. King George and 
Spottsylvania. Stimulating the spirit of the 
committees of safety and sustaining the en- 
thusiastic but untrained provincials, Mercer 
wrote to the Virginia Convention : — 

"Hugh Mercer will serve his adopted coun- 



STATE UF XKW [ERSEV. 



try in tlK- caiix.- of liberty in any rank or sta- 
tion to whicli lie may be assigned." 

At this critical juncture three regiments of 
Virginia provincials were organized, and for 
the command of the first of these, Hugh Mer- 
cer was defeated by Patrick Henry by one 
vote. Sub^efjuently, Alercer was elected colonel 
of the third and at Williamsburg drilled the 
volunteers and levies. 

A wider field of duty ilcnianded Mercer's 
services. In recognition of his popularity and 
military skill, upon the 5th of June, 1776, the 
title of brigadier-general in the Continental 
army was conferred upon the gallant Virginian. 
Within a few weeks, General Washington, re- 
turning from Massachusetts to New York, 
selected General Mercer to take command of 
the troops engaged in the fortification of Paulus 
Hook, now known as the old downtown resi- 
dence section of Jersey City. But one year 
remained of the short half century allotted to 
Mercer. That year he was destined to spend 
largely within the confines of the state of New 
Jersey. Besides discharging his duties at 
Paulus Hook, (ieneral Mercer was placed in 
command of the "Flying Camp" of ten thous- 
and men stationed at and near Perth Amboy. 

Events between the rout of the patriot army 
at Brooklyn and the retreat through the Jer- 
seys moved rapidly, nor can the military de- 
tails of the crossing of the Delaware and the 
attack upon Trenton, be repeated here. His- 
torians have credited General Mercer with sug- 
gesting the change of Washington's Fabian 
policy, and of his working out the details of 
the movement that altered the fate of an empire. 
This much is sure, that upon the Christmas 
night of 1776 no one of Washington's galaxy 
of leaders was more trusted than was Mercer, 
and no one shared greater fruits of victory. 
Upon the recrossing of the Delaware, it was 
at General Mercer's headquarters on the night 
of January 2, 1777, that the plan to break 
camp and leave the camp fires burning upon 
the south bank of the Assunpink creek, was 
formulated. Thence it was that General Mer- 
cer went to his doom. 

The story of the surprise at Princeton, on 
the morning of the 3rd, of the clash upon the 
frost covered ground between Mercer's men 
and Mawhood's British regiments and troops 
of dragoons, of the fight about the Clark house, 
of the peril of Washington, and of Mercer's 
leaping from his horse and rallying his men, 
has often been told. But to the gallant Scotch- 
Virginian, Death, if it must come, came not 
quickly. F'nfuriated by the turn of the for- 



tunes of war. General Alercer, while in the 
very act of leading his men to victory, was 
attacked by several British soldiers. Repeat- 
edly stabbed he was beaten upon the head with 
the butt ends of muskets, and, refusing to sur- 
render, was left for dead. The retreating Brit- 
ish soon gave place to the Continental soldiers, 
who tenderly carried their general into the 
Clark house, where he was nursed by the de- 
voted Quaker women of that family. By his 
side, in attendance, were Dr. Benjamin Rush, 
of Philadelphia, Dr. Archibald Alexander, of 
\ irginia, and Major George Lewis, nephew of 
( leneral Washington. Lingering in agony for 
nine days, ( jeneral Hugh Alercer died in the 
arms of Major Lewis. 

The <leath of Mercer created a jirofound 
impression throughout the nation. His body 
was removed to Philadeljihia under military 
escort, was exposed in state, and it is said thirty 
thousand people attended the funeral. It was 
upon the south side of Christ church, Philadel- 
phia, that his body, interred with military and 
civic honors, was placed beneath a slab upon 
which was cut "In memory of Gen'l Hugh 
Mercer who fell at Princeton, January 3rd, 

I777-" 

Moved by a sense of patriotic duty, congress, 
upon April 9, 1777, directed that monuments 
be erected to the honor of General Mercer at 
I""redericksburg, and of General Warren at 
P>oston. L'pon the 28th of June, 1902, one 
hundred and twenty-five years thereafter, the 
F'redericksburg monument was erected bearing 
uj)on its face the following inscription, order- 
ed to be placed by the resolution of 1777 : 

"Sacred to the memory of 

Hugh Mercer 

Brigadier General in the Army of 

the United States 

He died on the 12th of January, 1777 

of the wounds he received on the 

3rd of the same month 

near Princeton, in New Jersey 

Bravely Defending the 

Liberties of America 

The Congress of the United States 

In testimony of his virtues and their gratitude 

Have caused this monument to be erected." 

With that singidar perversity that seems to 
afflict mankind, a succeeding generation re- 
fused to permit General Mercer's bones to re- 
main undisturbed. The St. Andrews Society 
removed Mercer's body to Laurel Hill Ceme- 
tery, then upon the edge of the city of Phila- 



STATE OF XKW IKRSEV. 



113 



(k-lphia, and upuii the 2bth of Xoveiiiber, 1840, 
dedicated a monument to his memory. Of 
this society General Mercer was a member, the 
monument being properly inscribed. 

[!esides the name of one of New Jersey's 
twenty-one counties, there are in the state of 
.\'ew Jersey two memorials to Mercer. One 
is the old fort at Red Bank, Gloucester county, 
where at Fort Mercer, in 1778, a gallant de- 
fense of Philadelphia was made by General 
Greene and the navy upon the Delaware. The 
other memorial is in Princeton and consists of 
a bronze tablet unveiled October i, 1897, the 
gift of Mercer Engine Company, No. 3. 

.^n interesting and accurate "Life of General 
Hugh Mercer," from which much of the in- 
formation for this sketch has been secured, 
was written and published in 1906, by the Hon. 
John T. Goolrick, of Fredericksburg, Virginia. 



The name Baldwin has been 
I'.ALDWIX a familiar one in the annals 
of England and of Europe 
even since lialdwin I, Count of Flanders, car- 
ried off and married Judith, daughter of 
Charles the Bald of France, and wife of 
Aethelwulf, king of the West-Saxons of Eng- 
land ; and their son, Baldwin II, the Bald, 
married Aelfthrjlh, daughter of Alfred the 
Great. Their great-grandson, Baldwin V, sur- 
named van Ryssel, married Adela, daughter 
of Robert of France, and sister to Matilda, 
wife of William of Normandy, the Conqueror. 
Hence we find the Baldwin name on the roll 
of Piattle abbey, and Baldwin, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, a century later, riding at the side 
of Richard Coeur de Lion to the Crusades, in 
which, as the Latin Kings of Jerusalem, his 
cousins of Flanders, descendants of the young- 
est brother of Godfrey de Bouillon, had already 
made the name famous throughout Europe, 
and later were to make it still more famous 
as the name of two of the Emperors of Con- 
stantinople. 

Coming back to England, we find the Bald- 
wins playing their part in the history and life 
of their country until January 6, Edward VI, 
i. e. 1552, when -Richard Baldwin, of Dun- 
dridge, in the parish of Ashton Clinton, county 
Bucks, makes his will and leaves his property 
to his three sons Henry. John and Richard, 
making the first-named his executor. Five 
years later Henry becomes owner in fee simple 
of Dundridge, Ashton Clinton, where he and 
his wife Alice spent their lives and he writes 
liis will, January 2, 1599, which is proved July 
2, 1602, in the prerogative court of Canter- 



bury, by his eldest son Richard, his executor, 
and in which he divides his property among 
his children, Richard, Sylvester, John, Robert, 
Jane, wife of James Bonus; Mary, wife of 
Richard Salter; and Agatha, wife of Henry 
Stonehill. Sylvester emigrated with his wife 
and children to New England, but died on the 
voyage, June 21, 1638. His widow and chil- 
dren settled in Mil ford, Connecticut, and two 
of his sons, Richard, of Milford, and John, of 
Stonington, have left a numerous oft'spring in 
that part of the country. Richard his elder 
brother seems to have remained in England, 
init at least three of his sons, Timothy, Nathan- 
iel and Joseph, came over to America and have 
])erpetuated his name and blood here. All 
three apparently came over to Milford where 
their cousins were already settled, and where 
Timothy and Nathaniel elected to remain, 
while Joseph, whose line we are to follow, 
went to Hadley, Massachusetts. 

(I) Joseph Baldwin, son of Richard Bald- 
win, of Cholesbury, near Ashton Clinton, coun- 
ty Bucks, England, must have come to Milford, 
either with the original settlers from New 
Haven or Wethersfield, in 1639, or else almost 
immediately after them, as he is of record there 
in that year. Five years later, January 23, 
1644, his wife Hannah joined the church there, 
and had their first four children baptized ; the 
next year two more were baptized, and four 
years later a seventh. Of the last two chil- 
dren no record of baptism had been found. 
-About 1663 Joseph Baldwin and his family 
removed to Hadley, where he and his son 
Joseph were admitted as freemen in 1666. 
Meanwhile his wife Hannah had died and 
Joseph. Senior, married Isabel Ward, sister 
to Deacon Lawrence Ward, of Newark, and 
George Ward, of Bran ford, the father of John 
Ward, the turner of Newark. As the \\'idow 
Catlin, Isabel and her son John had been 
among the original settlers of Newark from 
Branford in 1666; but while John had remain- 
ed in the new settlement to become one of its 
foremost men and its first schoolmaster, his 
mother had removed to Hadley, married again, 
this time, James Northam, and before Septem- 
ber, 1671, on the 2d of which month she was 
granted as the wife of Joseph Baldwin and 
"sister," i. e. sister-in-law of Elizabeth the 
widow, letters of administration on the estate 
of her brother. Deacon Lawrence Ward, she 
had became widow a second time and married 
her third husband. The administration, as the 
East Jersey Deeds tell us, she turned over to 
"her son John Catline and her kinsman John 



114 



STATE OF XKW lKRSl-:\'. 



\\ arde. tuniL-r, both of Newark;" she does not 
appear to have borne her second and third 
husbands any children ; she died in Hadley. 
December 8, 1676. Shortly after this Joseph 
Baldwin himself married a third time, Eliza- 
beth Hitchcock, widow of William Warriner, 
of Springtield, by whom likewise Joseph seems 
to have had no children, although she survived 
him over twelve years, dying April 25. 1696. 
Joseph, Senior, himself died November 2, 
1684; but long before his death he conveyed a 
half interest in his homestead in Hadley to 
his son Joseph. Junior, who died about three 
years before his father. The will of Joseph 
Senior, is recorded in Northampton, Massa- 
chusetts, and is dated December 20, 1680, and 
in it he gives his Milford property to his three 
sons, Joseph, Benjamin and Jonathan, and the 
remainder of his estate to his wife and other 
children. 

Children: i. Joseph, Jr., born about 1640, 
died November 21, 1681 ; married Sarah 
daughter of Benjamin Coley, of Milford. bap- 
tized 1648. died 1689; children: Joseph, James, 
Mehitable, Hannah, Mary, Mercy or Mary 
again, Hannah again. Samuel, and Hannah, 
a third time. 2. Benjamin, born about 1642, 
will proven June 19, 1729, married Hannah, 
daughter of Jonathan Sergeant, of Bran ford, 
who died before 1721 ; children: Joseph, Jon- 
athan, Benjamin and Sarah, married Robert 
Young. 3. Hannah, born about 1643. married. 
May 6, 1658, Jeremiah, son of Richard Hull, 
of New Haven, and had a daughter Mary, 
possibly also other children. 4. Mary, born 
about 1644, married John Catlin, son of her 
stepmother, who removed from Newark, New 
Jersey, to Deerfield, Massachusetts, before 
1684: children: Joseph, John, Jonathan. Eliz- 
abeth, married James Corse, and with brothers 
Joseph and Jonathan were killed by the French 
and Indians in the Deerfield massacre. Febru- 
ary 29. 1704; Hannah, married Thomas Bas- 
com ; .Sarah, married Michael Mitchell ; Esther, 
married Ebenezcr Smead; and Ruth. 5. Eliz- 
abeth, baptized March. 1645, died April 24, 
1687: married, March 31, 1664. at Hadley, 
James Warriner, of Springfield, eldest son of 
her stepmother and William Warriner; chil- 
dren : Samuel, James, Elizabeth, William. 
Hannah, .Samuel again, F.benczer and Mary. 
,\ftcr Elizabeth's death, James Warriner mar- 
ried (second) July 10. 1689, Sarah, daughter 
of Alexander Alvord ; children : Sarah, Jona- 
than, John, John again. Benjamin and David. 
Sarah (.Mvord) Warriner died May 16, 1704, 
and widower married (third) December 19, 



i70(j, as her third husband, Mary, widow of 
Benjamin Stebbins. James Warriner himself 
died Mav 14, 1727. 6. Martha, baptized March, 
1645. married, at Hadley, December 26, 1667, 
J(jhn. son of John Hawkes, and died January 
7. 1676; children: John, John again, Hannah, 
married Jonathan Scott, of Waterbury, Con- 
necticut ; John Hawkes married (second) No- 
vember 20, 1696, Alice, widow of Samuel Allis, 
of Hadley, and removed to Deerfield, having 
by his second wife one child, Elizabeth. 7. 
Jonathan, treated below. 8. David, born Oc- 
tober 19, 1651, died September, 1689; mar- 
ried. November 11, 1674. Mary, daughter of 
Ensign John Stream, of Milford, who died 
May 28, 1712; children; Samuel, David and 
Nathan. 9. Sarah, born November 6, 1653, 
married as second wife, Samuel Bartlett, of 
Northampton, Massachusetts. Both died l>e- 
fore February 12, 1717; children: Samuel, 
.Sarah and Mindwell. 

(H) Jonathan, of Milford. son of Joseph 
Baldwin, was born according to the New 
Haven records, February 15, 1649, ^nd was 
ba])tized at Milford two days later. He died 
December 13. 1739. He lived and died at 
Milford. November 2, 1677, he married 
(first) Hannah, daughter of Sergeant John 
Ward, of Branford, who in 1666 became one 
of the Branford-Newark settlers and one of 
the most prominent figures in the founding of 
the latter town. Children: i. Jonathan, born 
January 31, 1679-80. baptized February I, 
following; settled at Waterbury in 1733, died 
January 5, 1761 ; married, September 28, 1710, 
Mary Tibbals, of Milford; children: Mary, 
Martha. Abigail. Rachel. Esther, Jonathan and 
Eunice. Mary married Timothy Porter. 2. 
John, born May 22. 1683, died January 20, 
1773, aged ninety, and is buried at Connecticut 
I'arms, New Jersey. Sergeant John Ward, their 
grandfather, had left lands in Newark to Jona- 
than. Daniel. Joshua. Joseph and John. By agree- 
ment, the last two took possession of them in 
1716; and John's will. 1764. mentions his wife 
and names children Ezckiel, Enos, Nathan, 
I'hehe Ogden, Mary W^ade, of Union, and 
Jemima, wife of Colonel Samuel Potter. 3. 
Joseph, treated below. 4. Hannah, born 1687, 
died in childhood. 5. Daniel, baptized at Mil- 
ford. March 3, 1688-89. was with his wife 
I'atieuce. who survived him. of W^allingford. 
C'oiinecticut. in 1728, and of the {)arish of 
Meriden. at the formation of the church there. 
His will. 1767. mentions wife and children, all 
baptized at Milford: Daniel. Jehiah, Patience, 
wife of Daniel Hall, of Wallingford, and Lois, 



STATE OF NEW 



T^SEV. 



115 



wife of John Yeoiiians, of the same place. 6. 
Joshua, baptized January 24, 1691, at Milford. 
settled there; joined the church with wife Ehz- 
abeth, September 3. 1727; died April 20, 1758, 
aged sixty-seven, his wife predeceasing him 
November 20, 1753, in her fifty-second year, 
according to the record of the family Bible 
of her son Joshua, of Milford : children : Han- 
nah. Joshua, Elizabeth and Sybil. The first 
wife of Jonathan Baldwin died June, 1693, and 
Jonathan married (second) Thankful, daugh- 
ter of Elder John and Abigail (Ford) Strong, 
of Windsor, Connecticut, born 1663. Elder 
John was the son of Richard Strong, of Taun- 
ton, England. Children : 7. .\bigail, baptized 
1695, married Joseph Tibbals and settled in 
Durham ; children : Joseph, James, Thomas, 
Abigail, John, Ebenezer, Mary and Sarah. 8. 
Hannah, born 1696, married, January, 1723, 
Josiah Fowler (Abraham (HI), John (H), 
William (I)), removed to Durham, where he 
died September 7. 1757 ; children : Josiah, 
Hannah, Caleb, Elizabeth and Jonathan. 9. 
Martha, baptized January 8, 1698, died Feb- 
ruary of the same year. 10. Ebenezer, born 
1699, died before 1728. 11. Noah, baptized 
November 30, 1701, joined the church at Mil- 
ford, May 26, 1728; married, March 27, 1733, 
Thankful Johnson, of Stratford; one child, 
Eunice, died unmarried. 12. Phebe, born No- 
vember 6, 1704, died unmarried in 1728. 13. 
Ezra, born September. 1706, baptized Decem- 
ber 3, the same year, became deacon in Dur- 
ham and died there March 26, 1782, aged over 
seventy-five years. By his wife Ruth he had 
five children born in Milford and four born in 
Durham : Phebe, Ebenezer, Ezra, Noah, Ruth, 
Amos, EInathan, Reuben and Ruth. 

(HI) Joseph (2), son of Jonathan and 
Hannah (Ward) Baldwin, was born Novem- 
ber 29, 1685, died September 20, 1777. In 
.\ugust, 17 1 5, when he received with his 
brother John the deed of the Newark lands 
of their grandfather. Sergeant John Ward, he 
conveyed to those of his brothers who remain- 
ed in Milford his lands there and styles him- 
self as of Newark, East Jersey. According to 
tradition, his wife was a Bruen, and they were 
buried in New'ark. Their children were: i. 
Elcazar. whose will in 1799 gives his property- 
to his brothers and sisters. 2. Amos, born in 
Newark, see sketch elsewhere. 3. Moses, 
treated below. 4. Joshua, born 1710, died May 
7, 1767; lived in Orange with his wife Pru- 
dence (Lyon) and children: Zenas, Josiah, 
Rebecca Roberts, Mary Ball and Jemima. 5. 
Caleb, born and died in New Jersey, although 



his will was made when he was in "'Derby, 
Connecticut, sick." By his wife Jemima he 
had children : Jonathan, Noah and Eleazer. 
ft. Phinehas, born in Newark, New Jersey, 
died there March 6, 1803, in his seventy- 
seventh year, having by his wife Hannah chil- 
dren : John. Joshua, Enos, Eleazer and Rachel 
Jones. 7. Rebecca, married (first) Daniel 
Matthews and had children : Daniel and Will- 
iam: she then married (second) John Camp- 
bell and had children : Caleb, Phinehas, Lucy, 
Rebecca, Pierson, Esther, wife of Moses Smith. 
8. Sarah, married a Wolcot. 9. Hannah, mar- 
ried a Johnson. In 1712 Joseph (2) Baldwin 
was overseer of the poor in Newark, and he 
and .Abraham Kitchell were the sheep masters 
for the same town for 171 7. 

(I\') Moses, son of Joseph (2) Baldwin, 
w as a master carjjenter. He lived in the stirring 
times of the revolution, but whether he was the 
Moses F^ialdwin who was a private in the Essex 
county troops is uncertain. His home was 
in Orange, and in 1753 he was one of the heads 
of the eleven Baldwin families who subscribed 
for the erection of a new meeting house for 
the .Mountain Society, his subscription being 
£3. This house of worship, completed and 
dedicated to its sacred uses in the last days 
of the year 1754, w-as a stone structure, of ham- 
mer-dressed sandstone laid in regular courses. 
The committee "regularly chosen to manage 
the afifair of the building," were Samuel Harri- 
son, Samuel Freeman, Joseph Harrison, Ste- 
phen Dod, David Williams, Samuel Condit, 
William Crane and Joseph Riggs. Matthew 
Williams, who was a mason, had the superin- 
tendence of the mason work. Moses Baldwin 
had the charge of the carpenter work. A writ- 
ten contract between the latter and the com- 
mittee is preserved among the manuscripts of 
the New Jersey Historical Society. The "agree- 
ment" provides that he shall perfectly finish 
the house, e.xcepting the masonry, after the 
model of the meeting house in Newark, finding 
all the materials, "such as timbers, boards, 
sleepers, glass, oils and paint, nails, hinges, 
locks, latches, bolts, with all other kinds of 
materials necessary for finishing" the same. 
The details of this contract, supplemented bv 
the recollections of many who have worshipped 
within its walls, furnish a good idea of the 
building and its appointments. Standing as it 
did lengthwise with the street, its south broad- 
side was its front, with the broad entrance 
door in the centre. Opposite to this door was 
the pulpit, approached by a broad alley with a 
double row of pews on each side, and narrow 



STATF. OF XE\\- JERSEY. 



alleys on the ends of the room. ( )ne pew on 
each side of the pulpit, two on the right, and 
two on the left fronting the pulpit, all ivith 
doors and hinges, and somewhat elevated ahove 
the seats, but upon the door, were provided for 
the ofificials in the congregation. In the pulpit 
was the desk taken from the old building, re- 
modeled and adapted for its new relations. A 
seat, made of wood, was built against the well 
back of the pulpit for the minister and his asso- 
ciates. Four wooden pegs on the wall gave 
their support to the clerical hats. After the 
revolution this space back of the pulpit was 
occu])ied by a large gilt eagle. The arched 
wall of the room, and the ends of the building 
above the p]ate and under the galleries were 
ceiled with white wood boards, and "painted 
a light sky color." Such was the inanimate 
memorial that Moses Baldwin left behind him. 
To ijosterity he left five children: i. Joseph, 
married Sarah, daughter of Samuel Jones, 
lived at the southwest corner of what is now 
Grove and Williams streets. East Orange, until 
about the beginning of the nineteenth century, 
when he emigrated to Galloway, New York, 
near Schenectady, in company with his father- 
in-law and most of his family. His children 
were Charlotte, wife of Timothy Williams: 
Matthias ; Lydia, wife of John Wilson ; James : 
Kufus; Elizabeth; Isaac: Israel, and Samuel. 
2. Caleb, treated below. 3. Moses, died 1802: 
had his home near the Jonathan Williams' 
farm, and tradition says that the Susanna 
I'aldwin he married was tlie daughter of Sus- 
anna, the sixth child of Samuel l)od, of New- 
ark, who died in 1713 or 1 714. 4. Hannah, 
born near Newark, married Jarcd, son of Jo- 
.seph Harrison by his wife Dorcas, daughter of 
Sergeant John \\'ard, and grandson of Sergeant 
Richard, son of Richard Harrison, of West 
Kirbj', Cheshire, England, and New Haven 
and liranford, Connecticut. Jared Harrison, 
born 1745, 'li'^'l 1827; lived in Orange, and his 
one child. Deacon .Abraham Harrison, lived 
for many years on High street in that village. 
5. Catharine, born February 4, 1737, married 
Elihu I'ierson, a schoolteacher and carpet 
weaver, and their daughter Phebe married the 
Rev. Stei)hcn Dcidd. of East Haven, Coimecti- 
cut. 

(\') Caleb, third child of Moses Baldwin, 
was like his father a caq^enter, and probably 
helped him in the building of the second meet- 
ing house of the Mountain .Society, now^ the 
First Presbyterian Church of Orange ; at any 
rate he supjilied the shingles for the parsonage 
since the building fund account of that edifice 



contains the entry "Paid out to Caleb Baldwin 
for shingles £3 19 s. 6 d." His house was 
■situated on a lane, tw^enty or thirty feel wide, 
which led from the highway between Newark 
and the Mountain, to his house on the west 
side of the path and that of Matthias Dodd 
on the east side. From the time of the revolu- 
tion up to about 1840 it is spoken of in deeds 
and conveyances as "Whiskey lane." About 
ten years after that date, by a vote of the 
neighborhood, it was widened to fifty feet, 
carried through to Forest street, and named 
(irove street, from the fact of its passing 
through a pleasant grove. During the revolu- 
tion Jonathan Sayer, a merchant of Newark, 
had placed in his storehouse on the Stone dock 
a considerable quantity of cider w hiskey. Fear- 
ing that it might be plundered, he removed it 
tor safe keeping to an empty barn belonging 
to Caleb Baldwin, on the west side of the lane. 
The barrels were deposited in a bay of the 
barn and covered with salt hay, but as it hap- 
])entd, with not enough to conceal them en- 
tirely. -Soon afterwards a small company of 
liritish light horse, with a band of Hessian 
soldiers, encamped for the night on the prop- 
erty <if Matthias Dodd which was opposite the 
ijarn. In the morning it was found that the 
wdiole company of Hessian footmen were 
drunk. On investigation the cause revealed 
was the whiskey stored in Caleb Baldwin's 
barn. The soldiers were punished for their 
miscomluct, and though many of the barrels 
were staved in and the lic|uor lost much still t 
remained. The owner, however, abandoned 
all care for it; and it came to be regarded in 
the neighborhood as common property and 
ojien to all who might wish to replenish their 
jugs and canteens. In 1814 the barn was torn 
down : but the name of Whiskey lane thus 
earned and bestowed ujion the path still clung 
to it. In 1845 the jjrescnt owner of the Dodd 
])rcjperty, a grandson of Matthias Dodd, in 
removing a stone wall on the front line of his 
property, opposite to where the barn had stood, 
found an old sword much corroded by long 
exposure, which on being cleaned was found 
to be marked w^ith the name of a Hessian 
colonel. This relic is now in the museum of 
the New Jersey Historical Society ; and is prob- 
ably a relic of the above described night of 
debauch. Whether Caleb Baldwin himself was 
at home at the time of this incident is uncer- 
tain. He may have been away on duty as one 
of the two Caleb Baldwins who were privates 
in the second regiment of Essex county militia, 
one of whom was in Captain Lyons' company. 



STATK OF XI'.W |I:KSKV, 



and tlie other in that of Captain S(|uires. Caleb 
I'laldwin married Rebecca Coleman, and had 
six children, all born in Orange: i. Sarah. 
i)orn 1770, baptized February 2"/. 1774. by the 
Rev. Jedediah Chapman, married Whitfield 
Culberson. 2. Martha. 1772, married Patrick 
Carroll, 3- Cyrenus. 4. Ezra, married Ma- 
tilda Raniadge. 5. Margaret. 1782. died 1797. 
''). Caleb \\^, treated below. 

(VI) Caleb \V., son of Caleb and Rebecca 
(Coleman) Baldwin, was born in Orange, in 
I7(S6. died there in 181 2. He was a contractor 
and builder. His father-in-law. Major Aaron 
Harrison, was one of the leading men of his 
day in Orange. He was a great-grandson of 
Sergeant Richard Harrison, one of the Piran- 
ford associates, who remained on iiis home lot 
in Newark, while his son Samuel first settled 
about 1720 on land west of Wigwam brook, 
his house being at the turn of the Swinefield 
road where it intersects the Valley road, and 
about 1769 building a house at what is now the 
corner of \'alley street and Lakeside avenue, 
which was his home till death in 1776, when it 
was inherited by his son Samuel, who never 
married and when he died at the age of ninety- 
one left it to the son of his brother Matthew, 
Major .Aaron Harrison. The Major's first 
wife, Jemima Condict, who died November 14, 
1779. in the twenty- fourth year of her age, 
after one year of married life, was like her 
husband a grandchild of Samuel, son of Ser- 
geant Richard Harrison, but on the maternal 
side. The Major's second wife was Phebe 
Crane, daughter of Lewis, and great-great- 
granddaughter of Jasper Crane, of Newark, 
in 1666. Her mother was Mary, daughter of 
Daniel Purr, and sister to the Rev. .Aaron 
Burr, whose son Aaron played so conspicuous 
a ])art in American history. Jemima, the oldest 
daughter and second child of Major .Aaron 
and Phebe (Crane) Harrison, was born in 
1784, died in 1877, and married, in 1809, Caleb 
\\'. Baldwin, to whom she bore two children: 
I. Phebe R.. died December 31. 1883, after 
marrying Edward Pierson. 2. Caleb W'.. 
treated below. 

(Vin Caleb W. (2). .son of Caleb W. and 
Jemima (Harrison) Baldwin, was born in 
Orange 1812, two months after his father's 
death. He died in 1852. He was a cabinet 
maker and lived at Orange. He married, June 
7. 1848. Theresa Oliver, born August 12, T831. 
at W'atkins. New York, daughter of Joseph 
and Phebe (Carpenter) Oliver. Children: i. 
Phebe, born .April 6. 1849, married W. Wal- 
lace Snvder. 2. Samuel Ward, treated below. 



(X'llll Samuel Ward, only son of Caleb 
W . (2) and Theresa (Oliver) Baldwin, was 
born F\'bruary 15, 1831, in Orange, is the last 
of his line, and is unmarried. He obtained his 
education at the private school of the Rev. 
F'rederick .A. Adams, where he graduated in 
1865, and at once entered on a business life as 
a clerk for the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance 
Company, in which capacity he served for 
twenty-five years. In 1890 Mr. Baldwin was 
elected to the office of assistant treasurer of 
the company, and after fifteen years service in 
that position was in 1905 chosen to the office 
of treasurer. In politics Mr. Baldwin is a Re- 
publican. He is a director of the National 
." tate liank and the Firemen's Insurance Com- 
pany of Newark, New Jersey. His clubs are 
the Essex and the Esse.x Coimtv Countrv. 



(For preceding generations see Jo.seph Baldwin 1). 

(I\') .Amos, second son of 

r..\LDWI.\ Joseph and (Bruen) 

Baldwin, was born in New- 
ark, New Jersey, in 1720, lived in Newark and 
afterwards in Orange, where he was a deacon 
tif the church and was buried. He married 
Mary Taylor, who died September 30, 1795, 
aged seventy-five years: children: i. Lewis, 

referred to below. 2. Sarah, married 

\\ ard. 3. Phebe, married Joseph, son of Ebe- 
nezer and Deborah Canfield. 

(V) Lewis, only son of Amos and Mary 
(Taylor) I'aldwin, was born, lived and died in 
C)range. New Jersey, his death occurring Oc- 
tober 22, 1782. His widow Martha, who sur- 
vived him many years, died January 26, 1826, 
aged eighty years, nine months and twelve 
days. Children: i. Amos, married (first) 
Sarah Crane and (second) Maria Harrison. 2. 
Cyrus, died unmarried. 3. Henry, referred to 
below. 4. Eunice, died luimarried. 5. Dorcas. 

married McDonald. 6. Sarah, born 

November 27, 1778; married Joshua, son of 
Phineas and Hannah Baldwin. 

(\'I) Henry, son of Lewis and Martha 
lialdwin, was born in Orange, New Jersey, 
.May 24, 1773. He lived in Orange. He mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of Caleb I'aldwin and 
Lydia, daughter of Dr. Johnson, of Newark. 
Caleb was the son of Ezekiel Baldwin and 
Sarah, daughter of Benjamin, son of Benja- 
min and grandson of Joseph Baldwin, of New- 
ark. Ezekiel was the son of John, grandson 
of Jonathan, and great-grandson of Joseph 
Itadlwin. of Newark. Children of Henry and 
!>arah (P>aldwin) Baldwin were: i. Cyrus, 
referred to below. 2. Catharine, married Ed- 



ii8 



STATE OF XI-:\\' TERSEY. 



ward Harrison, of Orange. 3. Martha Ann, 
died at the age of two years. 4. Albert, born 
in Orange, New Jersey, 1817, and baptized; a 
clergj'man also a farmer ; removed to Elton, 
Walworth county. Wi,sconsin ; married. May 
2, 1849, Sarah H. Rhodes, of Brookline, Mass- 
achusetts, and has two children. 

(VII) Cyrus, son of Henry and Sarah 
(Baldwin) Baldwin, was born in Orange, New 
Jersey, near what is now known as Brick 
Church, in 1808, died August 30, 1854. He 
had only the advantages of the little neighbor- 
hood district school, and yet he accomplished 
more than many college graduates of the pres- 
ent day. He grew upon the farm and employ- 
ed his leisure hours during the winter months 
as did most of his neighbors in the manufac- 
ture of shoes. Taking up surveying without 
any previous instruction, he was for many 
years before his death the only surveyor in the 
Oranges, outside of Newark itself. He was 
conscientious and painstaking and his work 
could always be relied upon. He was employed 
by Mr. Haskell, to make all the surveys for 
Llewellyn Park, and during his life time he 
laid out hundreds of acres in city lots. He 
made the original survey of the Rosedale cem- 
etery, Orange, and his work extended for 
many miles beyond the Oranges. For many 
years he was a justice of the peace, and was 
the only recognized legal counsellor in his 
neighborhood. He drew up most of the wills, 
deeds and other legal documents, and not one 
of them has ever been contested on the ground 
of legal imperfection. He was a man of great 
natural ability and sound common sense, and 
was often called upon to arbitrate disinites be- 
tween neighbors, and seldom failed to arrange 
matters to the satisfaction of both parties. He 
enjoyed the confidence and respect of the peo- 
ple during his whole life, and not a single act 
of his ever brought dishonor or reproach upon 
the name. By his wise and etjuitable decision 
in the settlement of disputes, he saved thou- 
sands of dollars in litigation that might have 
ensued, had the i)arties employed the usual 
methods. While not especially active in Chris- 
tian work, he lived very near to the standard of 
the "(Jolden Rule," and set a worthy example 
for others to follow. .Mthough he was a man 
of decided convictions, he never gave offence 
by intruding his views upon others, and it was 
only when called u])on to do so that he ven- 
tured an opinion. 1 le was a devoted husband, 
a kind neighbor and a steadfast friend. 

Cyrus I'.aldwin married Elizabeth Cooper, 
born July 8. 1810. third child and eldest d;uigh- 



ter of Giles and Sally (Wicks) Mandeville. 
1 ler mother was the daughter of Henry W'icks, 
of Morristown. Her father was the eldest 
living child of Abraham and Antje (Van 
Wagoner) Mandeville. grandson of ( jiles and 
Leah (Brown or Bruen) Mandeville, great- 
grandson of Hendrick, the eldest child of Gillis 
Jansen de Mandeville and Elsje Hendricks, 
who emigrated from Rouen, France, to Hol- 
land, and then in 1647 to New Amsterdam. 
Children of Mr. and Airs. Baldwin: i. Henry 
Wicks, born 1831, died July 31, 1868; married 
Jemimah Storros and had four children. 2. 
Giles Mandeville, 1833, died August 3, 1888; 
married Emily Pierson and left two children. 
3. .\lbert, referred to below. 4. Abram Mande- 
ville, July 5, 1835 ; married Elizabeth Graves 
and had two daughters. 

(\'III) Albert, third child and son of Cyrus 
and Elizabeth Cooper (Mandeville) Baldwin, 
was born at the old homestead at East Orange, 
July 5, 1835, being a twin with Abram Mande- 
ville Baldwin. He died October 21. 1897. 
Like his father, he had none of the advantages 
of the higher education enjoyed by those of the 
present generation. Lie mastered the rudi- 
mentary branches, however, in the village 
school, and fitted himself for the honorable 
position which for so many years he so well 
tilled. Entering the Orange Bank as a boy, 
when Stephen D. Day was the president and 
W. .-\. N'ermilye was its cashier, he acquired in 
three or four years a sufficient knowledge of 
the business to enable him in 1856 to obtain a 
position as receiving and paying teller in the 
City P)ank of Newark. At this time the only 
other employees of that institution were a 
bookkeejjer, a clerk and a runner. The capital 
stock of the bank was three hundred thousand 
dollars, and the deposits amounted to the same 
sum. Even with this amount of business, the 
teller's position was a very responsible one for 
a young man to fill. From his father, however, 
he inherited those strong traits and sterling 
(|ualities that would enable a man to succeed 
in any undertaking, and he not only proved 
himself ec|ual to the duties he assumed but for 
forty years conducted the affairs of the bank 
with a rare fidelity and devotion that won for 
him the warmest affection and the confidence 
of his associates. In 1858 he became the 
cashier nf the bank, and when he died he 
held the double position of cashier and 
\ ice-president. During his administration 
the de])osits increased from an annual three 
hundred thousand to nearly two million (pil- 
lars, the capital st(_)ck increaseil to one-half 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



119 



a million, and the working force to three times 
the original number. There are probably few 
if any bank employees in the city of Newark 
who can show so extended a record for faith- 
ful service. The foundation of Mr. Baldwin's 
success was laid in his native town, but he had 
not resided there since early manhood, his 
winters having been spent in Newark and his 
summers at Convent Station, on the Delaware, 
Lackawanna and Western railroad. He had 
no time to attend to affairs outside of the bank, 
its duties requiring his undivided attention. 
VoT many years he was a vestryman of Grace 
Protestant Episcopal church in Newark. 

In May, 1861, Albert Baldwin married Jen- 
net I'helps, daughter of Charles Hooker, M. 
1)., of New Haven, Connecticut, a descendant 
of the Rev. Thomas Hooker, who came to New 
England in 1633, settled in Hartford in 1636, 
and founded the First Church in Connecticut. 
She was born in 1837, died February 16, 1883. 
Children of .Albert and Jennet Phelps 
(Hooker) lialdwin were: I. Charles Hof)ker, 
born November 26, 1865: married Bertha Wil- 
son Smith and has one child, Beryl Raymond. 
2. Albert Henry, referred to below. 3. Jennet 
Eliza, June 28, 1874. 

(IX) Albert Henry, second child and 
younger son of Albert and Jennet Phelps 
(Hooker) Baldwin, was born in Newark, New 
Jersey, October 24, 1868, and is now living 
in .Ma])lewood, New Jersey. His early edu- 
cation was received in the Newark Academy. 
He began his business career as a clerk in the 
Newark National Elank. This was in 1884. 
Here his own native ability and the traits 
which he inherited from his father were by 
him so well developed that he rapidly gained 
the confidence and appreciation of his em- 
ployers, and he was advanced steadily from 
post to post of higher responsibility and trust 
until in 1Q02 he attained his present position of 
\ice-iiresident. Like his father he has at- 
tended strictly and solely to the one business 
in which he has been engaged, and outside of 
his position as vice-president and director of 
the -National Newark Banking Company, he 
has not had either the time or inclination to 
engage or interest himself in other bnsniesses. 
He is a warden and the treasurer of St. 
(ieorge's Protestant Episcopal Church in Ma- 
plewood : a member of the New Jersey His- 
torical Society, and a Son of the American 
Revolution. 

June 30, 1897. Albert Henry Baldwin mar- 
ried Mary Ellen, born in Wisconsin, daughter 



of the Rev. Peter and Anna M. (Chamberlinj 
Pearson. Her parents are now dead. 



The family of Taylor is an old 
r.WLOR one in New England and has 
been transplanted in compara- 
tively recent times from Connecticut to New 
Jersey. It has been somewhat conspicuous in 
the last named state and is still identified with 
leading official and other institutions of the 
commonwealth. 

( I ) fohn Taylor probably sailed from Eng- 
land with Rev. Ephraim Hewett, August 17, 
1639. He is found the next year in Windsor, 
Connecticut, and was juror of that town in 
1 641 and 1644. He remained but a short 
time in this country and prepared for a jour- 
ney to England by making his will November 
24, 1645. He sailed in the famous "Phantom 
.Ship," of New Haven, which was built in 
Rhode Island, was of one hundred and fifty 
tons burden, commanded by Captain Lamber- 
ton. The ice in the harbor of New Haven had 
to be cut in order to allow the vessel to sail 
in January, 1646. In the following June a 
ship was apparently seen coming to anchor in 
the harbor when it mysteriously vanished be- 
fore the eyes of a crowd of spectators. The 
storv is told in Cotton Mather's "Magnalia." 
John Taylor was lost on the ill-fated ship and 
his widow married a Air. Hoyt, of Norwalk, 
Connecticut. The will of the missing man 
was presented for probate by his son in 1694. 
.As far as known he left but two children: 
John and Thomas, the former of whom was 
killed by Indians at Northampton, Massachu- 
setts. May 13. 1704. 

(II) Thomas, youngest son of John Taylor, 
born 1643, became a resident of Norwalk and 
removed in 1686 to Danbury, Connecticut, 
where his death occurred in 1735, at the age of 
about ninety-two years. He married Rebecca 
Ketchnm and they had ten children: I Deb- 
orah, married Daniel Betts, of Norwalk. 2. 
James, born 1668, married Abigail Benedict, 
died in 1758. 3. John, 1673, married a Miss 
Betts, died 1742. 4. Joseph, 1673, died 1762; 
had wife Sarah. (John and Josejjh were 
twins.) 5. Daniel, 1676, died 1770; married 
( first) a Miss Benedict (second) a Miss Storr. 
6. Timothy, 1678, died 1744; married a Miss 
Davis. 7. Nathan, mentioned below. 8. Re- 
becca, married Daniel Benedict, g. Theophi- 
lus, 1687-1777, married (first) a Miss Bush- 
nell, (second) Sarah A. (jregory. 10. Eunice, 
wife of Benjamin Stair. Sl^-'-'i^^ Ov -• >*'>-- 



STA' 



()!• XKW IRRSKV. 



( 111 ) Xathan, sixth son of Thomas and Re- 
becca ( Ketchum ) Taylor, was born 1682 at 
Xorwalk. and accompanied his parents to Dan- 
burv. at the age of four years. He grew to 
manhood in Danbury and after marriage set- 
tled in what is now known as Bethel, Connecti- 
cut, wiiere lie built a stockade as a defence 
against the Indians, and the site is now marked 
by a well. Like all his brothers, Nathan Tay- 
lor lived to an advanced age and died in 1782. 
lie married, in Danbury, Hannah Benedict, 
a member of a pioneer family in that locality. 
Children : Xathan. .Matthew, James, Daniel, 
Mercy, M indwell. Deborah, Rhoda, Hannah 
and Oliver. 

(I\') Matthew, second son of Nathan and 
I lannaii ( llenedict ) Taylor, was born in Bethel 
and settled in the center of the village bearing 
that name. His wife was Esther Waller and 
they were the i)arents of ten children : Mat- 
thew, Abigail, Preserved, Daniel. Joshua, 
John, Noah, Hannah, Levi and Eleazor. 

( \' ) Joshua, fourth son of ^Matthew and 
Msther (Waller) Taylor, was a native of 
llethel district, where he engaged in agricul- 
ture during his active life. Soon after the be- 
ginning of the revolutionary war he enlisted 
as a soldier and participated in the battle of Ti- 
conderoga. Later he re-enlisted and served 
until the close of the struggle. In religious 
faith he was a Presbyterian, as was also his 
wife, Eunice ( Seeley ) Taylor, a daughter of 
Deacon James Seeley, and a native of Bethel. 
Of their nine children all save one married and 
left families, i. .\sael. had ten children. 2. 
Sally, died early in life. 3. Eunice, left no 
issue. 4. Levi, had seven children. 5. Abel, 
had one child. 6. Joel, mentioned below. 7. 
Clarissa, had seven children. 8. Clorinda. Iiad 
six cinldren. 9. F.sther, had five cliildren. 

(\'I) I^evi, second son of Joshua and 
Eunice (Seeley) Taylor, was born January ly 
1762, and was baptized at Bethel five day^ 
later. He passed his life in that locality and 
was married January 6, 1803, to Lucy An- 
drews, 'i'hey iiad a daughter and a son : Lucy, 
born December 7. 1805, and Levi, mentioned 
below. 

( \'1I ) Levi ( 2 ). son of i^evi ( i ) and Lucy 
I .\ndrews ) Taylor, was born July 20, 1808. 
and engage<i in farming in Danbury, Connecti- 
cut, where he died January 1 1, 1870. He mar- 
ried, Xovember 26. 1829, Julia Vail, daughter 
of Oliver and Polly ( Beebe) \'ail, born Sep- 
tember f). 1807, died .August 17, 1883. Chil- 
dren : Steplien Decatur, hnrn .Vovemljer 23. 
1831. died July 12. 1832. Jerome, mentioned 



below. Elliott, November 10, 1840, died Janu- 
ary 5, 1862. Emma Jane, October 2, 1844, 
married (ieorge Burr Hoyt, born May 20, 
1844, at .Xorwalk. Connecticut, died May 12, 
1Q08. 

( \'1H ) Jerome, second son of Levi ( 2) and 
Julia ( \'ail ) Taylor, was born .\ijril 30, 1834, 
in Danbury, Connecticut, and received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of his native place. 
He early became identified with the hat busi- 
ness, and in 1862 with N. Eugene Seeley he 
organized tlie firin of Seeley & Taylor, and 
commenced business at No. 63 Broadway, New 
^'ork. This firm was continued for six years, 
and in 1870 witji Daniel Hoffman he organized 
the firm of Hoffman & Taylor, doing hat busi- 
ness at No. 27 Mercer street. New York. This 
firm was continued for three years, and in 
1873, with Edward S. Seeley he organized the 
firm of Taylor & Seeley, and did business at 
No. 112 Greene street, New York, manufac- 
turing goods at Danbury, Connecticut. This 
firm was continued for thirty years and dis- 
si)lved in 1903. In 1888, when the Fidelity 
Title & Deposit Company, ( now Fidelity 
Trust Company), was organized, he became a 
stockholder, and in 1890 was elected a director. 
In 1894 he was elected second vice-president, 
and in 1899 was elected trust officer, which 
office he still holds. In 1894 he was elected 
a director of the Prudential Insurance Com- 
pany of .America. While doing business in 
Xew \'ork he resided in Newark. New Jer- 
sey, and connected himself with the South 
liaptist C'lnu'ch, and has held the office of 
I'eacon tiiere since 1873. h'or many years he 
lias l)een a director of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian .Association. In politics he is an active 
•^up])orter of Rejjublican |)rinciples and poli- 
cies. He married. May 13, 1835, in Danbury. 
(.'onnecticut, Henrietta Selleck, born October 
31. 1S33. daughter of William L. and Corne- 
lia (lianks) Selleck. Children: Fanny, born 
.\hirch 21. i8f)i. married C. lulwiu \'oung; 
b'.tt,-i .May. |til\ 28. i8(')5, unmarried. 



ibis family of Taylors is of 
I \NI.()|\ comparatively recent English 
origin and is not connected with 
tiu' (.arly families of the name in New Jersey, 
it has. however, taken an active and worthy 
])art in the development of the best interests 
I if the state. 

( I ) William Taylor was born June 11, 1773. 
in l'"ngland. 1 le came to .-\merica in 1793 and 
located at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where 
he was an important merchant under the firm 



STATE OF NEW lEKSEY. 



name of Taylor, (iazzam & Jones. He mar- 
ried. February 20, 1794. at "St. Mary"s the 
(Ireat," Cambridgeshire. England. Mary Alice 
(Sazzam. born June 28. 1775. at Cambridge- 
shire. Children: 1. William (i.. born 1795. 2. 
Thomas D.. August y, 1797. 3. Thomas W.. 
1798. -4. lienjamin Cook. February 24. 1801. 
5. Othniel Hart, see forward. 6. Mary Ann, 
November 26, 1804. 7. Sarah. July 15, 1806. 
8. Martha E.. October 25. 180Q. 9. William 
R., October 2-/, 1810. 10. Isaac E., \\)x\\ 25. 
1815. William Taylor died .April 4, 1849. and 
his wife August 31. 1831. 

(H) Othniel Hart, son of William and 
Mary A. ( Cazzam ) Taylor, was born May 4, 
T803. in l'hiladel])hia. Pennsylvania. In his 
early years he attended elementary scliools in 
Philadelphia and Ilolmesburg. Pennsylvania, 
and at Basking Ridge. New Jersey. In 181 8 
he entered the literary department of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, and there pursued the 
more advanced studies of a general education. 
In 1820 ho became a student in the office of 
Thomas T. Hewson, M. D., and at the same 
time received a cour.se of instruction in the 
medical department of the I'niversity of Penn- 
sylvania. He com])leted his university studies 
in 1823. and graduated with the class of that 
year. He at once entered upon the ]iractice 
of his profession in Philadelphia. Shortly af- 
terward he was appointed one of the physicians 
of the City Dispensary, in which capacity he 
served many years. About the same time he 
was elected out-door physician to the Penn- 
sylvania Hospital, a position which he held for 
a term of eight years. In the year 1832 the 
.Asiatic cholera made its first appearance on 
this continent, and it afforded him a signal 
'o])])ortunity to show his qualities, not only as a 
medical practitioner, but as a man. He distin- 
guished himself by volunteering to serve in the 
city hospitals which the municipal authorities 
(. stablished to meet the emergency, and at the 
same time he acted as one of the consulting phy- 
sicians to their sanitary board. The hospital 
especially in his charge was the St. .Augustine 
Hospital, on Crown street, and the number of 
cholera patients reported by him as under 
treatment in that hospital was five hundred 
and twelve. He had also been elected as one 
of a commission of medical men who were 
sent to Montreal to study the character and 
treatment of cholera on its outbreak in that 
city, and before its appearance in our own 
cities, but being unable to accompany the com- 
mission, he declined in favor of Dr. Charles 
D. Meigs. When the hospitals were closed, 



after the disa])pearance of the cholera, lie with 
seven other physicians receiveil by vote of the 
city councils a testimonial for the services ren- 
dered the city, each being presented with a 
service of silver, the inscription testifying that 
the gift was bestowed "as a token of regard 
for intre])id and disinterested services." His 
arduous and unceasing labors told upon his 
health, and in 1838 he temporarily relinquished 
the practice of his profession, and removed 
from Philadelphia to Fountaintown. Pennsyl- 
vania. He remained there until 1841, when 
he removed to Caldwell, Esse.x county, New 
Jersey, and in 1844 took up his residence in 
Camden, where he resumed his practice of 
medicine, continuing until about a year before 
his death, which occurred September 5. 1869. 
He was for many years a member of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church of Camden. He 
was an active member of the Camden County 
Medical Society from the time of its organiza- 
tion: acted as vice-president of the body 
through many successive terms, and prepared 
and delivered numerous addresses before the 
society. In 1852 he was made president of 
the State Medical Society, and consequently 
a fellow of the same until his death. He was 
the author of many exhaustive treatises on 
medical subjects. ])ublished in various leading 
medical periodicals. 

He married Evelina C. Burrough, whose an- 
cestors came from England to Long Island and 
thence to West Jersey as early as 1693. She 
was born October 24, 1800. in Camden county, 
daughter of Jehu and .Anne ( Hollingshead 1 
I'urrough. .Anne Hollingshead, born March 
2^. 177-2. was a daughter of Jacob Hollings- 
head. born October 15. 1732, a son of William 
and Hamiah Hollingshead. Children of Dr. 
and Mrs. Taylor: i. William R., born Janu- 
ary 5. 1833. died in infancy. 2. Othniel G.. 
January 24. 1834. 3. Marmaduke B., August 
'/• ^^1)'ti- 4- Henry Genet, see forward. 

( III ) Henry Genet, son of Othniel H. and 
h'velina C. ( Burroughs) Taylor, was born July 
''. '^^Ki- at "Charmantot." Rensselaer county, 
near Greenbush. New York, at the residence of 
his uncle, (ieneral Henry James Genet, eldest 
son of "Citizen Genet." the first ambassador of 
I'Vance to the United States, and who married 
the daughter of (leorge Clinton, of New York. 
He obtained his preliminary education in the 
Camden city schools and in the Protestant 
Episcopal .Academy of Philadelphia. He 
graduated from the medical department of the 
I'niversity of Pennsylvania in i860 and imme- 
diately opened an office in Camden. Shortly 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY, 



after this the civil war broke out and immedi- 
ately after the first battle of Bull Run, Dr. 
Taylor complied with the request of his sur- 
gical preceptor, Professor Henry H. Smith, 
then surgeon-general of Pennsylvania, and 
went to Washington to assist in taking care 
of the wounded. In September, 1861, he was 
commissioned as assistant surgeon of the 
Eighth New Jersey Regiment and during the 
campaign of the following year was the only 
medical stafif officer of his regiment on field 
duty. After the second battle of Bull Run he 
spent ten days within the rebel lines and ac- 
cf)m])anied the wounded under his charge to 
Washington. He was made brigade surgeon 
of the artillery of the Third Army Corps soon 
after the engagement at Antietam, and served 
on the staff of Major-Generals French, 
Hooker and Sickles. After a long term of 
service he resigned in March, 1864. and re- 
sumed practice at Camden. Soon after this 
he was made assistant surgeon of the board of 
enrollment with the first congressional district 
for New Jer.sey and had charge of the medi- 
cal examination of candidates for the service 
until the close of the war. Dr. Taylor was 
sergeant of the Sixth Regiment of the National 
(niard of New Jersey from 1869-1882. and 
during the strike of 1887 was brigade surgeon 
of the provisional brigade on the staff of 
Major-Cieneral William J. Sewell. Except 
(luring his absence at the front. Dr. Taylor 
was secretary of the Camden County Medical 
Society from 1861 to 1888 and was its presi- 
dent in 1865. On his resignation the society 
presented him a set of engrossed resolutions 
and a beautiful silver service. One of the 
founders of the Camden Dispensary, Dr. Tay- 
lor has been one of its consulting physicians 
since 1878, and lias been for many years its 
secretary. In 1889 Rutgers College conferred 
upon him the degree of A. M., and in the 
same year he was elected president of the New- 
Jersey State Medical Society. 

He is a member of the .American Medical 
.\ssociation. the New Jersey Sanitary Society, 
the New Jersey Academy of Medicine and the 
Pennsylvania Historical Society. Since the 
establishment of the Cooper Hospital at Cam- 
den, Dr. Taylor has been chairman and secre- 
tary of its board of physicians and surgeons, 
medical director, and a member of the board of 
managers, and is physician-in-chief of the 
Camden Home for Friendless Children. He 
is also president of the New Jersey Training 
School for Nurses and delivers lectures on 
nursing and holds clinics at the ho.spital. He 



has read many papers before the various so- 
cieties of which he is a member which have 
proven valuable contributions to medical lit- 
erature and have attracted much attention. He 
is a member of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, 
the Military Order of Surgeons of New Jer- 
sey, the Sons of the Revolution, and is a char- 
ter member of Trimble Lodge, No. 117, An- 
cient Free and Accepted Masons, of Camden. 
He is a prominent member of St. Paul's Epis- 
co])al Church of Camden, of which he is senior 
warden. 

Dr. Taylor married, October 23. 1897, 
Helen, daughter of Alexander and Hannah C. 
Cooper, of Haddonfield, New Jersey, and 
granddaughter of Captain James B. Cooper, 
t'nited States navy, who was a soldier of the 
revolution and entered the navy during the 
war of 1812. In that struggle he had charge 
of the gunboats of the L'nited States navy 
along the New Jersey coast and some years 
before his death was appointed superintendent 
of the Naval Asylum at Gray's Ferry, Phila- 
delphia. The living children of Dr. and Mrs. 
Taylfir are : Henry Genet and Richard Cooper. 



The name of Joy has been borne with 
|( >\ honorable distinction by families in 
England and Ireland for at least five 
centuries. It is believed that the name is de- 
rived from the locality Jouy, in Normandy, 
and may have reached England in the form 
"de Jouy." It has undergone many modifica- 
tions, in some of which its identity disappears, 
as it passes from Joy to Jay through such 
forms as Joye. Joie, Jaie. Jaye and even Gee. 
Norfolk county in England has been for five 
hundred years the seat of a family of Joy 
(now Jay), and John Jaye (1563-1619) of this 
line, lord of the manor of Holverston, lying 
between Ilillington and Yelverton, received a 
grant of arms in 1601, as follows: "Gu. on a 
liend eng. ar. three roses of the field, seeded. 
Crest: an otter j)ass. ppr." 

( J ) Thomas Joy, the emigrant ancestor of 
the Toy family in .America, was probably born 
in Norfolk county, in 1610, and came to the 
new world in the "Constance," which sailed 
from Gravesend in 1635. He settled in Bos- 
ton, and was early the possessor of several 
tracts of land, comprising that on which the 
mansions of Governor Hutchinson and Sir 
Charles Henry Frankland were built ; and 
land in Bendall's Cove, perhaps including the 
sites of F'aneuil Hall, and the "Old Feather 
.Store." Thomas Jov was an architect and 



STATE OF NEW fERSEY. 



123 



builder, constructing the early dwellings, 
wharves, bridges and warehouses of Boston 
and Charlestown, and was the owner of corn 
and saw mills at Hingham. In 1657, with his 
partner, he built the first town house of Bos- 
ton, which was the first seat of government 
of Massachusetts, and the most important edi- 
fice of a secular character which had up to 
that time been constructed in New England. 
r])on its destruction by fire in 1711, there was 
built on its site, of brick, the "Old State 
House," which still stands, one of the most 
venerated monuments of colonial Boston. In 
1646, with Robert Child, Samuel Maverick and 
others, he ]iarticipated in the "Child Memorial" 
eijisode, which was an elifort to eft'ect certain 
reforms in the government, and particularly 
to extend the right of suffrage among the colo- 
nists, and circulated among the non-freemen 
a petition which was to be sent to England. 
In 1^)38 he became a member of the Ancient 
and Honorable Artillery Company, and in 
1665 a freeman of the Massachusetts Bay 
Colony. He married, in 1637, Joan, only 
daughter of Captain John Gallop, owner of 
Gallop's Island, in Boston Harbor, the skill- 
ful jiilot and trader, whose engagement with 
Indians at sea off Block Island was the fore- 
runner of the Pequod war, in which he con- 
spicuously served. They had ten children 
whose descendants are now scattered through- 
out the United States, many of them having 
won distinction in business and the profes- 
sions. 

ni) Joseph Joy, son of Thomas and Joan, 
born .\pril i, 1645, baptized at First Church, 
Boston, "13 d. 2 m. 1645," died May 31, 1697, 
was ensign of the Hingham militia company, 
constable and carpenter, and lived on Bacheler 
("Main) street, nearly opposite the meeting 
house at Hingham, toward the building of 
which in 1680, he contributed. He married. 
August 29, 1667, Mary, daughter of John and 
Margaret Prince. 

fill) Joseph Joy, junior, boni July 30, 
1668, died April 29, 1716. He was a con- 
stable in 1697 and 171 1. In February, 1708-9, 
he signed with others a testimonial to the 
worthy character of Mehitable Warren, ac- 
cused of witchcraft. His gravestone, with the 
inscription still legible, is in the Hingham 
churchyard, and is the most ancient Joy grave 
mark in .\merica. He married. May 22, 1690, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Captain Thomas and 
Ruth .Andrews. 

(]\') Jedediah Joy, son of Joseph Joy, ju- 
nior, was born February 27, 1 703-4, and died 



October 19, 1798. He was taxed at Hingham, 
and joined the First Church there in 175 1. He 
married, February 7, 1733-34, Mary, ilaughter 
of John and Elizabeth (Eels) Stowell. 

(,V) Nathaniel Joy, son of Jedediah, was 
born November 19, 1734, and died in 1760. 
He lived in Abington, Massachusetts, and was 
one of those who enlisted in the French and 
Indian war for service in Canada, where he 
was killed in 1760. He married, November 
26, 1751, Elizabeth, daughter of John and 
Rachel (Ward) Whitmarsh. 

(\ I) Nathaniel Joy, junior, was born in 
1759, and died July 9, 1833. He was a 
farmer, and a soldier in the war of the revolu- 
tion. He married, September 23, 1786, Sarah, 
(laughter of Reuben and Sarah (Kendall) 
Ward. 

(\'II ) Luther Joy, son of Nathaniel, junior, 
was born September 21, 1805, and died May 
5. 1867. For many years he was a merchant 
in Benson, \ermont, and came to Newark in 
i860, where he engaged extensively and suc- 
cessfully in the manufacture of rubber goods. 
The business was continued as L. Joy & Co., 
the members of the firm being John E. Dix and 
two sons. E. Luther Joy and Horatio B. Joy. 
Mr. Dix married, September 22, 1858, ]\Iary 
Fisher, daughter of George W. Joy. Their 
two sons, Edwin .\. Dix and \\'illiam F. Dix. 
graduates of Princeton LTniversity, have won 
(listinction in literary work. The former 
married, August 15, 1893, Clarion Olcott, and 
the latter, on June 2, 1900, Mary Alice Ten- 
nille, by whom he has a son, Tennille Dix, and 
a daughter .\lice Joy Di.x. As a family they 
have traveled extensively, having made in 
1890-92 a tour of the world, and Mrs. Dix has 
been state regent of the Daughters of the Rev- 
olution. Edmond Luther Joy, of the firm 
above mentioned, has been vice-president of 
the Newark Gas Company, and director of the 
Newark National State Bank, the Firemen's 
Insurance Company, and other financial in- 
stitutions : a director and vice-president of 
the Newark Board of Trade, and a member 
of the Essex Club, and the Essex County 
Countrv Club. He married, December 14, 
1839, Harriet E. Hood, and adopted Florence, 
a daughter of his brother, Horace H. Joy, who 
married May 8, 1897, George Randall Swain, 
a graduate of Princeton I'niversity, and had 
two children, Edmond Luther Joy Swain and 
George Randall Swain, junior. Horatio B. 
Joy has been director of several corporations, 
and a member of the New Jersey Historical 
Society. He never married, making his home 



124 



STATK OF XEW |r^:RSKY. 



\\itli his sister, l-lorencc 1'., wliu married. 
April 30. 1873. \\ illiam Henderson Trippe, a 
vestryman in Trinity Church, Newark, and a 
memher of the Essex County Country Club. 
The}' had two children, William Horatio 
Trippe and Elsie Laura Trippe. The latter 
married. October 17, 1906, Harold Armour 
Dodge. .Another of this family, Laura Em- 
magene, married, June 2, 1863. Rev. John R. 
I'isher, who filled successfully pastorates of' 
Presbyterian churches in Jersey City, South 
Orange, and Newark. They had four chil- 
dren : William Joy Fisher ; Florence Joy 
Fisher; Maude FJizabeth Fisher, who married 
November 10. 1897, William D. Downs, and has 
a son. William Horatio Joy Downs; and John 
Edmund Fisher, who married, February 19. 
1908. Gertrude Everitt. and has a daughter, 
Lois Eunice Fisher. Mrs. Fisher was a mem- 
ber of the Society of Colonial Dames, the 
Daughters of the Revolution, the Meridian 
Club of New York, and several prominent 
charitable organizations. Luther J03' married. 
October 5. 1826. I'hylinda. daughter of .Slui- 
ball and I'hylinda (Turner) Mason. They 
were members of the High Street Presby 
terian Church. 

(\ TI) Charles Joy. son of Nathaniel, jun- 
ior, was born February 9, 1808, and died Au- 
gust 3, 1873. He entered the provision busi- 
ness at Albany. New York, about 1S30. which 
he successfully conducted, and in 1838 he 
served as city marshal. He was also a lieuten- 
ant of the .Albany Rurgesses Corjis. After a 
trip to California he establishetl himself in 
1855 in Newark. New Jersey, as a packer and 
smoker oi provisions, and continued in this 
business until his death. He w-as a member of 
the common council. 1866-67. and was one of 
the committee which in co-operation with the 
New Jersey Historical Society had charge of 
the celebration of the two hundredth anniver- 
sary of the settlement of Newark. Having 
joined the denomination in .Albany where with 
iithers he helped organize a new church, he 
served as a deacon of the First P.aptist Church 
in Newark, where a window has been erected 
to his memory, and he was a life manager of 
the .American Baptist Publication Society. 
He was a member of the New York Com- 
mercial .Association and the .New York Pro- 
duce Eychange. and in 1871 was an incorpo- 
rator of the Merchants and Manufacturers 
i-!ank of Newark. "In all his business rela- 
tions he was a man without guile, and sur- 
rounded himself with a host of earnest friends, 
who valued his counsel as a sagacif)us business 



man and placed implicit confidence in his 
honor." He married twice^ and by the second 
marriage had a son, also named Charles, who 
was born in Newark, and was a teller in the 
.Manufacturers' National Hank; sergeant and 
an original member of the FIssex Troop ; presi- 
dent of the Newark Academy Alumni Asso- 
ciation, and a member of the Essex Club. 
Charles Joy, senior, married (first), June 18, 
1833, Harriet, daughter of Guy and Harriet 
( Rogers ) Shaw, by whom he had two sons, 
one of whom was Edmund L. Joy. He mar- 
ried (second), September 6, 1859, Julia, 
daughter of Robert and Edith Swaffield. 

(\TH) Edmund Lewis Joy, son of Charles 
Joy. was born October i. 1835. and died Feb- 
ruary 14. 1892. He was prepared for college 
at Anthony's Classical Institute, and the Al- 
bany .Academy. After graduation at the Uni- 
versity of Rochester he studied law in New 
York (,'ity. and in 1837 was admitted to the 
bar (if New ^ Drk as an attorney and coun- 
sellor. Soon thereafter he commenced active 
practice in Ottumwa. Iowa, where in i860 he 
was appointed city attorney, holding that office 
for two years. At the breaking out of the 
civil war he became active in raising troops, 
and in 1862 entered the L'nited States service 
as ca()tain in the Thirty-sixth Regiment of 
Iciwa Infantry, and in this capacity served in 
the southwest, participating in ifnjiiortant 
nidvenients on both sides of the Alississippi 
river, which culminated in the capture of 
X'icksburg. In 1864 he was appointed by 
President Lincoln, major and judge advocate. 
I 'nited .'states N'olunteers. and assigned to the 
.Seventh .Army Corps, commanded by Major 
I "eneral FVederick Steele. He was also made 
judge advocate of the Department of the Ar- 
kansas, with headriuarters at Little Rock, in 
which position he had much to do with the 
administration of justice in .Arkansas and the 
Indian Territor\-. and took ])art in the re- 
est-'blishnient of the government of .Arkansas 
under a new constitution. 

.\fter retiring from the service he located 
in .Newark. .New Jersey, where his father. 
Charles Joy. had settled in 1855. became as- 
sociated with him as i>artner in the manage- 
nxMil of extensive business interests, and upon 
the latter's death in 1873 succeeded him. being 
a member of the New York Produce Ex- 
change, and conducting the business on his 
own account during the remainder of his life. 
.Since his death the business has been con- 
tinued at the old established place as the Ed- 
mund 1 .. lo\- Company. 



STATE OF NEW HORSEY, 



It was only natural on account of his intel- 
Ifctnal gifts, his superior attainments and va- 
ried experiences, that he should have been 
called lyjon to make himself useful by his 
fellow citizens in New Jersey ; and so it hap- 
pened that in 1871 he was chosen to be a mem- 
ber of the state legislature. Re-elected the 
following year, he filled the important position 
of chairman of the judiciary committee, where 
his legal knowledge and effectiveness as 
a speaker enabled him to render valuable serv- 
ice to the state. In 1877 he became a member 
of the lioard of Education, holding this posi- 
tion until 1888 and serving for three years as 
president of the board. He was president of 
the Hoard of Trade in 1875 and 1876, and its 
treasurer from 1879 to the time of his death. 
In 1880 he was a delegate to the Republican 
National Convention, and in 1884 and 1885 he 
served, by appointment of President Arthur, 
as a government director of the Union Pacific 
Railroad Company. He was an organizer of 
the Manufacturers' National Bank, and his 
large business operations made him prominent 
in matters aft'ecting the financial interests of 
the community, placing him often in positions 
of much responsibility, 

Edmund L. Joy was a man of marked en- 
ergy and intellectual capacity, quick apprehen- 
sion, and correct jutlgment. He was happy in 
the faculty of expressing his thoughts in lan- 
guage at once strong and elegant, was noted 
for his excellent impromptu addresses, and in 
the e.xercise of his abilities as a public speaker 
won enviable distinction. He was a genial 
and entertaining companion, a warm and reli- 
able friend, and withal a Christian gentleman, 
cxjnscientious in the discharge of every duty, 
mindful of the rights of his fellow men, and 
faithful in the service of his Maker. 

He married, November 24, 1862, Theresa 
R., daughter of Homer L, Thrall,, M. D., of 
Columbus, Ohio, who was for a number of 
years a professor of chemistry and mineralogy 
in Kenyon College, a lecturer at Bexley Hall, 
the Theological Seminary at Gambier, and 
later a professor of materia medica and general 
therapeutics in Starling Medical College. 
They had four children : Edmund Steele Joy, 
a lawyer, a graduate of Williams College and 
Columbia University; Harriet Shaw Joy, who 
married, January 25, 1891. Robert D. Martin, 
a lawyer, a graduate of Yale College and Co- 
lumbia University, and has two children, Joy 
Delos Martin and Helen Theresa Martin ; 
Homer Thrall Joy, a physician, a graduate of 
Yale College and Columbia University, who 



married, November y, 1905, Elizabeth J. van 
Heuren, and has a son, Hc^mer van lieurei' 
Joy; and Helen Adele Joy. 

A full account of the Joy family is con- 
tained in "Thomas Joy and his Descendants," 
a genealogical record compiled in igoo, by 
lames R. lov, of New York Citv. 



The Badgleys belong to that 
l!.\D(iLE\' numerous class of pioneers 
who began their life in the 
new world in the seventeenth century. The 
exact date of the arrival of the founder is un- 
known, as is also the place in old England 
from which he came, but from his petition in 
1694 down the records of the family are com- 
paratively complete. 

( I ) .Anthony Badgeley, founder of the fam- 
il\-. under date of March 3, 1694, petitioned 
for a warrant of survey for his lot in Flush- 
ing called the "Hemp lot," in order to put -a 
stop to the encroachments of Thomas Hedger 
antl others. This petition was granted Au- 
gust 19, 1697. In the Flushing census of 
1698, the fifth entry is "Anthony Badgley, 
Elizabeth his wife, Anthony, Georg, phebe, 
and I negro." In 1707 he was one of a large 
company w'ho purchased from Peter Sonmans, 
one of the largest of the proprietors of East 
Jersey, a tract of land called "New Britain," 
or "Markseta Colinnge," of one hundred and 
seventy thousand miles lying about thirty-three 
miles to the northwest of Elizabethtown. 
( )wing to the legal difficulties about the divid- 
ing of old Arent Sonman's estate this property 
was laid out and divided among its owners as 
late as 1751. In the Flushing tax-list of 1711, 
lladgley was rated for twenty-three pounds 
of bacon, six bushels of wheat and one bushel 
of Indian corn. In 1715 he was a sergeant in 
Captain Jonathan Wright's company of militia, 
and as no mention of his name has been found 
since then it is probable that he died within 
a few years later. 

By his wife Elizabeth, Anthony Badgley had 
seven children: i, Anthony, born between 
1690 and 1695; married Phebe Haight; died 
April 3, 1732, in Flushing. 2. George, born 
between 1693 and 1696; married Mary Hat- 
field; died about September, 1759. 3. Phebe, 
born between 1696 and 1698; married at Ja- 
maica, Long Island, Peter Wilcocks, and 
moved with her husband to New Jersey. 4. 
Sarah, born between 1698 and 1700; married, 
about 1 72 1, Joseph Doty, of Essex county, 
New Jersey, and left six children. 5. James, 
referred to below. 6. John, born after 1700; 



126 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



married Eiiphcmia ; died in 1759. 7. 

Elizabeth, born after 1700; married Uriah 
Hedges, of Essex county, New Jersey. 

( II) James, fifth child and third son of An- 
thony and EHzabeth Badgley, was born in 
Flushing, Long Island, between 1700 and 1705. 
died in Essex county. New Jersey, 1777. Mov- 
ing as a young man from Long Island to 
Elizabethtown, New Jersey, he married in the 
latter place, and acquired considerable land in 
Turkey, now New Providence, his home plan- 
tation being on the road from Rahway to 
Westfield. In his will, dated July 7, 1777, 
and proved November 16, 1777. he (It-scribes 
himself as "of the borough of Elizabeth, yeo- 
man," and names his wife and five children. 
Two of his sons having already received their 
portions, he divided his real estate between his 
sons Anthony and RoI>ert, whom he appointed 
his executors. He is buried either at New Prov- 
idence or Westfield. James Badgley married 
Hannah, daughter of Joseph Kelsey, of Rah- 
way; children: i. James, born about 1720; 

married Sarah . 2. A daughter who 

married Abraham Vreeland. 3. Elizabeth, 
married William Robinson. 4. Joseph, born 
probably about 1730, married Elizabeth 
Scudder; died 1785. 5. Anthony, referred to 
below. 6. Marcy, married a Mr. Carle. 7. 
Robert, married Rachel Vreeland. 

(III) .'\nthony (2). fifth child and third 
son of James and Hannah (Kelsey) Badgley, 
was born about 1733, died June 30, 1803. 
His wife is said to have died about twenty 
years later. He lived on what is now Moun- 
tain avenue, in Westfield township, and dur- 
ing the religious revival of 1786, of the thirty- 
four joining the church eleven, including An- 
thony, his wife and several of their children 
were Badglcys. Between 1750 and 1755. .An- 
thony Badgley married .\nne, daughter of 
Jonathan Woodruff, and the sister of Aaron 
Woodrufi", one of the jurors at the trial of 
James Morgan, the murderer of the famous 
"fighting jfflrson," the Rev. James Caldwell, of 
Elizabethtown. Children: i. Aaron, born 
about 1756, died January 11, 1761. 2. Jona- 
than, referred to below. 3. Anthony, born 
1762; married Abigail Hedges; died October 

4, 1842. 4. Noah, baptized February 13, 
1765; joined the Westfield church, 1786; was 
one of the foimders of the Cinciimati in 1788; 
is said to have been a surveyor, to have moved 
west, and to have been drowned; unmarried. 

5. Samuel, baptized April 5, 1767; married 
Mary Frazce. 6. Mary, baptized January 28, 
1770; married, February 28, 1792, William 



Maxwell, and removed with her husband to 
( )liio. 7. Jane, baptized b'ebruary 2, 1772; 
married, January 28, 1790, Barnabas Hole, and 
removed with her husband to the vicinity of 
Hamilton, Ohio, where he died in 1820. 8. 
.\nna, baptized September 11, 1775; married, 
June 19, 1796, Maxwell Frazee. 

(I\ ) Jonathan, second child and son of 
.\nthony (2) and Anne (Woodruff) Badg- 
ley. was born in Esse.x county, New Jersey, 
near Westfield, July 11, 1759, died there May 

2, 1834. For twenty-six months he served as 
a |)rivate in the revolution, under thirteen dif- 
ferent captains, fighting in the battle of Con- 
necticut I'arms and probably also m others. 
He lived in what is now New Providence town- 
ship between Baltusrol mountain and Summit, 
on the farm now or formerly owned by Wes- 
ley Faitoute. June 9, 1782, Jonathan Badg- 
ley married (first) Lydia Scudder: children: 
I. Stephen, referred to below. 2. Abijah. bap- 
tized August, 1787; married Elizabeth Wilcox. 

3, Noah, died unmarried about December 17, 
1 814. z) John Squier, married Hannah 
-Sturges. 5. Alary, married David C. Hand. 
<K Nancy, marrieil Thomas Seward and died 
(|uite young. 7. Sarah, married (first) March 

4, 1823, Samuel Ball, and (second) a Mr. 
Fravers. Jonathan Badgley married (sec- 
ond ) Hannah Searing, who after his death 
married as her second husband, July 11, 1837, 
Ebenezer Littell, who died May 2, 1852. 
Children of Jonathan and Hannah (Searing) 
Badgley were : Aaron : Nancy ; Jacob, died 
uiunarried : Jonathan ; Noah ; Sarah, died un- 
married. 

(V) Stephen, eldest child and son of 
Jonathan and Lydia (Scudder) Badgley, was 
born in what is now New Providence town- 
ship. New Jersey. January 13, 1785, died in 
Green Village, Morris county. New Jersey, Feb- 
ruary 22, 1872. In the latter place he spent 
most of his life. He married, October 26, 1806, 
Catharine Denman, a lineal descendant of Sir 
Richard Townley ; she was born April i, 1789. 
(lied .\])ril 9, 1S72. Children: i. Oliver, born 
about 1807. died October i, 1865; married 
Jane Johnston, born January I, 1814, died 
February 17, i(;oo. 2. Harriet. May 14, 1808: 
married Phineas Kinsey, born 1800, died 1891 ; 
she died December 24, 1891. 3. Alfred, re- 
ferred to below. 4. Catharine, who became 
late in life the second wife of George Cramer 
or Cranmer. 5. Sarah .\nn, who was living 
unmarried in Alorristown in 1902. 6. Mary 
IL, February 2, 1824, died March 31. 1853: 
she became the first wife of the Rev. John 



STATE OF NEW [ERSEY. 



127 



Dean. 7. Charlotte. June 30, 1825, died Oc- 
tober 5. 1901 ; she became the second wife of 
the Rev. John Dean. 8. Theodore, January 
9. 1834 ; married ^lary Lindsey, born Janu- 
ary 9. 1834. 

(\ I) Alfred, third child and second son of 
Stephen and Catharine (^Denman) Badgley, 
was born near Green Village, Morris county, 
New Jersey, died on his farm in Somerset 
county. New Jersey. Afay 7, 1845, '^^ married 
(first) Sarah (]\Ioore) Coddington, daughter 
of Joseph Moore; married (second) Mary 
King. The children of Alfred and Mary 
(Moore) (Coddington) Badgley were: i. 
Catharine Amelia, died in infancy. 2. .Alfred 
Stephen, referred to below. 

(\ II) Alfred Stephen, only son and child 
surviving infanc)' of Alfred and Sarah 
(Moore) (Coddington) Badgley, was born on 
his father's farm in Somerset county. New 
Jersey, March 12, 1849, a"'^^ 's now living in 
Montclair, New Jersey, with his residence at 
196 Walnut street, and his office in the Dore- 
nuis building. .After attending the public 
schools of Somerset and Morris counties, he 
went to Pennington Seminary, graduating 
from that institution in 1869. Going to Ten- 
nessee, he read law and was admitted to the 
Tennessee bar in 1875. After practicing for 
a few years he entered the National Univer- 
sity at Washington, and received his Bachelor 
of Laws degree in 1884, after which he re- 
turned to Tennessee where he received an ap- 
pointment as one of the special examiners of 
the United States pension bureau, with his 
headc|uarters at Bakersville, North Carolina. 
Two years later he retired from this position 
and continued with only his law practice in 
Tennessee until 1887, when he removed to 
New Jersey and was admitted as an attorney 
of the New Jersey bar, and in 1890 as coun- 
sellor. He then located in Montclair and con- 
tinued in practice there, serving for a mnnber 
of years as town attorney and counsellor. Mr. 
Badgley is a Republican. He is a past master 
of Montclair Lodge. No. 144, Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons, and for a number of 
years a member of the supreme committee of 
laws and appeals of the Improved Order of 
Heptasophs. He is also one of the trustees 
of the Alethodist Episcopal church in Mont- 
clair. 

In i860 Alfred Stephen Badgley married 
Mary Jane Elizabeth, eldest daughter of EHjah 
Simerley, of Hampton. Carter county. Tennes- 
see ; children: i. .Alfred Elijah. 2. Theodore 
Johnson, referred to below. 3. Mary Cath- 



arine, died in April, 1898, at the age of twenty- 
two. 4. Oliver Kinsey. 

( Vni ) Theodore Johnson, second child and 
son of .Alfred Stephen and Mary Jane Eliza- 
beth ( Simerley ) Badgley, was born at Hamp- 
ton Carter county, Tennessee, September 16, 
1 87 1, and is now living in Montclair, New Jer- 
sey. For his early education he was sent to 
the public schools of Laurel, Maryland, of 
Rakersville, North Carolina, and of Hampton, 
Tennessee. He then entered the University 
of Tennessee at Kno.xville. For a short time 
after this he was engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness ; he then entered his father's office and 
studied law, and was admitted to the New Jer- 
sey bar as an attorney in 1899 and as a coun- 
sellor in 1902. In January, 1908. he was ad- 
mitted to the bar of the supreme court of the 
L'nited States. In politics Mr. Badgley is a 
Republican. He is a past master of Mont- 
clair lodge. No. 144, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons ; a member of the Jersey City Consistory 
of the Scottish Rite ; of Salaam Temple of 
the Mystic Shrine, at Newark, New Jersey; a 
past regent of the Montclair Council, No. 44, 
Royal Arcanum; a member of Montclair 
Lodge, No. 891, Benevolent Protective Order 
of Elks ; Montclair Club ; Second Ward Re- 
publican Club of Montclair; a member and 
assistant secretary of the Montclair Republi- 
can General Committee ; a trustee and director 
of the Montclair Gun Club. He is a member 
of the First Alethodist Episcojial Church of 
Montclair. 

On January 22, 1908, Theodore Johnson 
Badgley married Emma Edith, only daughter 
and second child of James Bisco and Melissa 
(Kramer) Button, of Holmesburg, Pennsylva- 
nia. She was born at Toledo, Ohio, Novein- 
ber I, 1870. Her elder brother, Frederick 
Larsch Dutton, married Amelia Schroeder and 
has one child, Elva ; her younger brother, John 
F. Dutton. married Lauretta Smedley and has 
tliree children : Dorothy, John and Chester. 



Among the various families 
I- SCHENCK of early immigrants to New 

.Amsterdam, New Nether- 
lands, who were of pure Holland blood, few 
have escaped the cruel butchery to which the 
Holland surnames were submitted when the 
efforts of the English "robbers" took from 
them their rights as to property and appar- 
ently tried to extinguish even their birthright 
— the use of their father's name. . The geneal- 
ogist has been put to his wits end to reconcile 
Bruvn with Brown ; Couvenhoven with Cono- 



128 



STATE OF NEW lERSEV 



ver and inmuiKTable similar examples of both 
Christian and surnames. In doing away with 
Holland nsages as to naming children they 
have raised another difficulty. The original 
spelling of this branch of the Schenck family 
was Skinkcr. which, translated, means "cup 
bearer." 

( I ) AFartin Schenck von Xydeck was born 
in Doesburgh. province of L'trecht, Holland, 
.\ugust 7, 1584. He married Maria Marga- 
retta de Bockhurst and they came to the New 
Xetherlands with their three children, proba- 
bly in the ship "de Valckener," W'illhelm 
Thomassin, Captain, which sailed from Hol- 
land in March and arrived in New Amster- 
dam, January 28, 1650, at which time he was 
sixty-five years of age and appears to have 
taken no active part in the affairs of the fam- 
ily after their arrival. Children: 1. Roelef 
Martinse, see forward. 2. Jan or Johannis, 
born probably in Amersfoort, province of 
Utrecht. Holland, September 19, 1630. was 
bailiff of Kessel and a man of considerable 
prominence. He married Magdalina, born 
October 7, 1660. died April 12, 1688, daugh- 
ter of Hendrick and Maria de Hoes, and they 
had a son Jan, born in New Amsterdam, Sep- 
tember 19, 1650, three months after the ar- 
rival of the families of Schenck at that place. 
3. .Anetje, born probably at Amersfoort, Hol- 
land, and married July 29, 1659, to Adrian 
Reyeroz. There appears to be no record of 
the death in New .Vmsterdam or elsewhere in 
the New Netherlands of Martense Schenck 
von Nydeck, or of his wife, Maria Margaretta 
(de Bockhurst), but Colonel Van der Dussen, 
of the Netherlands Army, says that Martense 
came to America with his children. 

(H) Roelef Martense, eldest son of Martin 
Schenck von Nydeck and Maria Margaretta 
de Bockhurst, his wife, was born in Amers- 
foort, province of Utrecht, Holland, in 1619, 
and died in Flatlands, Long Island, in 1704. 
He married in his native land but we have no 
record of children by this first marriage. He 
came with his father and brother Jan and 
sister Anetje to New Amsterdam. The fam- 
ily soon after received from the Dutch govern- 
ment a grant of land in Flatlands, on Nassau 
Island, called by the English, Long Island. 
There lie married in 1660, Neeltje Geretsen, 
daughter of Cerrct Wolphertse Van Couven- 
hoven, a son of Wolfrct Gerrettsen Van Cou- 
venhoven, probably a neighbor in Amersfoort. 
Holland, who came to New Netherlands with 
the Holland colony which gathered under the 
Dutch East India Company and was destined 



for a settlement at the head of navigation on 
Hudson's river, at Rensselaerwick, above and 
ojjposite the Dutch Fort which became under 
luiglish rule. Albany. Roelef Martense 
Schenck made his will September 4, 1704, and 
it was ])roved .August 3. 1705 (see "Ancestry 
and Descendants of Rev. \\'illiam Schenck" by 
CajUain A. D. Schenck, U. S. .A., 1883). In 
his will he devised all his real estate to his 
eldest son, Martin, giving to his two younger 
sons. Garret and Jan, and to his six living 
daughters, Jonica, Alaryke, Margretta, Neetje, 
Mayke and Sara, and to his two grandchiklren, 
children of his deceased daughter .\nnetje, 
sixty pounds, ten shillings each, making these 
legacies chargeable to the income from the real 
estate devised to his eldest son. Neeltje Ger- 
etsen \'an Couvenhoven was born in F'latlands, 
and ba])tized in the Reformed church in 
Bruecklyn, September 20, 1641 : she died in 
Flatlancls in 1704. Children of Roelef Mar- 
tense and Neeltje Geretsen (Van Couvenho- 
ven) Schenck, all born in Flatlands, Long 
Island, New York; i. Martin. January 23, 
1661, married (first). June 20, 1686, Sus- 
anna .Abrahanse Brinckerhoff ; (second), April 
I I, i('xj3, Elizabeth Minnen van \'oorhees. 2. 
.\nnetje. about 1663. njarried, June 10. 1681, 
Albertse Terhunen. 3. lonica, 1665, married, 
June 7, 1684, Peter Neefus or Nevius. 4. 
Marika. February 14, 1667. married, February 
15, 1687. Isaac Hegeman. 5. Jan, March i. 
1670. married, October r, 1692, Sarah Will- 
enise van Couvenhoven, born in F"latlaiids, 
Long Island, December 27. 1674, died in Pleas- 
ant \"alley. New Jersey, January 31, 1761. 
Jan (lied in Pleasant V'alley, New Jersey, Janu- 
ary 30. 1753. 6. (Garret, .see forward. 7. 
Margaretta, January 16, 1678, married Sejitem- 
ber 8, 1700, Cornelius W'illemse van Couwen- 
hoveii. born in F'latlands, Long Island. Novem- 
ber 29, 1672, died in Aliddletown, New Jer- 
sey. May 16, 1736: his widow died in Middle- 
town, New Jersey, December 16, 1751. 8. 
Neeltje. January 3, 1681. married about 1701, 
.\ll)ert \\'illemse van Couwenhoven. born at 
[•"latlands. Long Island, December 7, 1676 (?), 
died in West Pleasant \ alley. New Jersey, 
September 13, 1748. and his widow died July 
7, 175 1. 10. Mayke, January 27, 1684, mar- 
ried, March 5. 1704. Jan Lucase van \'oorliees, 
born in Flatlands, New Jersey, and baptized 
February 19. 1675. lived as late as 1737, his 
wife having died in Flatlands, Long Island, 
November 23, 1736. 11. Sarah, baptized De- 
cember 18, 1683, married, November 12, 1705, 
Jacob W'illamse van Couwenhoven, born Janu- 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



129 



ary 29, 1679, died in Middletown, New Jer- 
sey, December i. 1744. Garret Roelefse and 
Jan Roelefse Schenck, with their famiHes, in- 
ckiding their brothers-in-law Cornelius van 
Cowenhoven and Stephen Coert van Voorhees 
and Peter Wyckoff, removed to Monmouth 
county, New Jersey, about 1695, where they 
purchased of John Bowne, merchant of Mid- 
dletown, Monmouth county. New Jersey, five 
hundred acres of land back of the Navesink 
Mills, located in a valley which gave the place 
the name of Pleasant Valley, near Holmdel in 
the bounds of Middletown township. There 
they became prominent citizens, and the Van 
Cowenhovens became known in the evolution 
of Dutch names as Conover, but the name 
Schenck was never changed. The families 
intermarried and the records of the time and 
churches are much confused by reason of this 
commingling of names. 

(HI) Garret Roelefse, third son and sixth 
child of Roelef Martense and Neeltje Geretsen 
(van Couvenhoven) Schenck, was born in Flat- 
lands, Long Island, New York, October 27, 1671. 
and before removing to Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, he married Neeltje Coerten Van 
Voorhees of Flatlands. The five hundred acres 
purchased in Pleasant Valley of John Bowne 
by Garret and Jan Schenck and Cornelius Van 
Cowenhoven (Conover), was divided and Gar- 
ret received a farm of two hundred acres, the 
other three hundred acres being shared equally 
by John Schenck and Cornelius Cowenhoven. 
Children of Garret Roelefse and Neeltje 
Coerten (van Voorhees) Schenck born, with 
the exception of the first child, in Pleasant 
Valley, New Jersey: i. Antje, in Flatlands, 
Long Island, November 15, 1694, married 
Matthias Lane, had six sons and one daughter, 
and died before her father made his will. 2. 
Roelef, April 27. 1697, married about 1718, 
Eugentje van Doren, born 1697, died August 
22, 1768. He was the great-grandfather of 
the Rev. Dr. Noah Hunt Schenck, of Brook- 
lyn, New York. They had Garret, William 
and Roelef, who settled in Amwell, Hunter- 
don county, New Jersey, and John and Jacob, 
who settled at Pennsneck, and several daugh- 
ters. 3. Mary, November i, 1699, married in 
Marlboro, New Jersey, 1 72 1, Hendrick Smock; 
they had six sons and two daughters and she 
died in 1747. 4. Koert, 1702, married in Free- 
hold, New Jersey, Mary Peterse van Couwen- 
hoven, born 1700, died in Marlboro, May 17, 
1787; Koert died near Marlboro, January 2, 
1771. 5. Altje, baptized May i, 1705, married 
Tennis van Dervier and had six sons and three 
1-9 



daughters. 6. Neltje, 1708, married (first) in 
1725, Hendrick Hendrickson, (second) Elias 
Golden, born in 1700; died in 1753; they had 
four sons and five daughters. 7. Rachel, bap- 
tized April 2, 1710, married (first) Guysbert 
Longstreet,bornin 1707, died in 1758; (second) 
October 2;^, 1760, Jacob \'an Dorn ; (third) 
December 3, 1729, Teunis Denise. He had 
two sons and four daughters. 8. Garret, No- 
vember 2, 1 712, married Janet je Williamse van 
Couvenhoven, born in Flatlands, Long Island, 
October 6, 17 14, died in Holmdale, New Jer- 
sey, February 14, 1792. Garret died August 
20. 1757- He had four sons, six daughters. 
9. Margaret, baptized April 17, 1715, married 
(first) about 1735, William van (Couwenhoven. 
of Pennsneck, New Jersey, (second) Derick 
Longstreet, of Princeton. He had three sons 
and three daughters. 10. Jan, see forward. 11. 
Albert, April 19, 1721, died May 21, 1786: 
ir.arried (first) Catie Conover, (second) Agnes 
\'an Brunt. He had eight sons and five daugh- 
ters. 

(IV) Jan, fourth son and tenth child of 
(,;arret Roelefse and Neeltje Coerten (van 
Voorhees) Schenck, was born in Monmouth 
county. New Jersey, December 7, 171 7, and 
died in Monmouth county, February 13, 1775. 
He married (first) November 22, 1737, Ann 
Conover, who was born March 23, 1720, and 
died August 18, 1739; (second) February 5, 
1741. Mary Johnson, who was born August 
25. 1721, and died November 7, 1767; (third) 
Catuna Holmes. By these three marriages he 
became the father of three sons and six daugh- 
ters. 

(V) Joseph, son of Jan and Mary (Johnson) 
Schenck, was born in Middletown, New Jersey, 
in 1759. He married Margaret, daughter of 
John Conover, and their eldest son, John Con- 
over Schenck, born about 1785. married Annie, 
daughter of Isaac and Annie (Brooks) Hutch- 
inson, and their son, William Edward Schenck, 
was born in Princeton, New Jersey, in 1819, 
and died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 
1903, having spent the greater part of his life 
in the latter city. He was graduated from the 
College of New Jersey, A. B., 1838; A. M., 
1841 ; B. D., Princeton Theological Seminary, 
1841 ; D. D., Jefferson College, 1861 ; was a 
clergyman, and officer of Presbyterian boards, 
1852-1903; author of various historical and 
religious works. Courtland, see forward. 

(VI) Courtland, son of Joseph and Mar- 
garet (Conover) Schenck, was born in New 
Jersey, about 1787. He married Caroline Con- 
over and one of their children was Joseph H. 



13° 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



(\Ill Joseph H.. son of Courtland and 
Caroline (Conover) Schenck, was born in 
Evesham township, near Moorestown, BurHng- 
ton county. New Jersey, May 6, 1811. His 
principal life work is told in the following 
from an article by Dr. Clement B. Lowe, in the 
Pharmaceutical Era: 

"Established 1836. Dr. J. H. Schenck & Son, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, proprietors of 
Schenck's Mandrake Pills, Schenck's Pul- 
monic Syrup, Schenck's Tonic. 

"Remarkable, indeed, has been the growth 
of the firm of Dr. J. H. Schenck & Son, which 
might be said to have grown from a home- 
made remedy to its present large proportions. 
The founder of the house, the father of the 
present proprietor, was born in New Jersey. 
Before he reached his majority he was stricken 
with pulmonary trouble. 

"A change of climate apparently gave no re- 
lief and the young man was given up by his 
physicians as incurable. 

"Upon the suggestion of an old friend of the 
family, he tried an old-fashioned remedy, which 
he experimented with and improved on. 

"It was the turning point of his health and 
fortune. He grew better, and in less than a 
year was apparently as well as ever. 

"The medicine which he had made for him- 
self was, as the news of his cure spread, ap- 
plied for by friends and neighbors. 

"The demand spread beyond the possibilities 
of charity and friendship and Dr. Schenck (he 
had since studied medicine) commenced the 
manufacture of Schenck's Pulmonic Syrup. 

"Orders came thick and fast from all parts 
of the country, and as the transportation facili- 
ties were limited in his home section he moved 
to Philadelphia. 

"From a few simple appliances and one room 
in his home, his plant grew amazingly. Larger 
quarters were needed, and after several such 
moves (always to larger (juarters) he built the 
building at N. E. Cor. 6th & .Arch Sts., where 
the busines.s is now carried on. The manu- 
facture of Schenck's Tonic and Mandrake Pills 
was taken up subsequently and to-day consti- 
tutes the business of the house. 

"The founder died forty years after his phy- 
sician had given him up, but the results of his 
experiments of nearly three-quarters of a cen- 
tury ago, judging from the immense business 
of the house, still seem entirely competent to 
snpplv the needs of the jiresent day." 

Josc])li 1 1. Schenck married, about 1837, Cath- 
erine, daughter of Peter and Sarah (\'an Nest) 
Ilaward.df Memington, New Jersey. Her father 



came to Flemington from England, and married 
.Sarah \'an Nest, of Millstone. New Jersey. The 
children of Joseph H. and Catherine ( Haward) 
Schenck were born in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, and are as follows: i. Sarah Jane, 1838, 
married Colonel Charles C. Knight, of Phila- 
deliihia and had three children : Joseph S., 
Harriet West and Frank C. 2. Maria V., mar- 
ried William AL Rowland, and had one child, 
Catherine S. 3. Peter H., who died January, 
1871. 4. Joseph Hammitt, see forward. Jo- 
seph H. Schenck was a resident of Philadel- 
phia, where he died, February 11, 1874. 

(\ni) Joseph Hammitt, only living son 
and fourth child of Joseph H. and Catherine 
( ffaward ) Schenck, was born in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, December 25, 1847. He attended 
the ])ublic schools and was graduated at Jeffer- 
son Medical College, as Doctor of Medicine, in 
1869. He affiliated with the Masonic fraternity, 
being initiated into the order in Franklin Lodge, 
No. i34,of Philadelphia, was advanced to Signet 
Cha[)ter, No. 51, Royal Arch Masons, and is a 
member of Lulu Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
Nobles Mystic Shrine. His church affiliation by 
inheritance and choice was the Presbyterian 
faith, and he is one of the original members 
of the Presbyterian Social Union. His social 
club life was centered in the L'nion League 
Club of Philadelphia. He succeeded to the 
business his father established. Dr. Schenck 
was married, December 22, 1870, to Matilda 
G., daughter of William H. Kisterbock, of 
Philadel]3hia. and they had only one son, Joseph 
Haward. 

(IN) Jose])h Haward, only living son 
of Joseph H. and Matilda G. (Kisterbock) 
Schenck, was born in Philadelphia. Pennsyl- 
\ania, June 4, 1872. He was prepared for 
business life in private schools in Philadelphia 
and at the Pierce Business College. After 
being graduated he entered the establishment 
of Dr. Joseph H. Schenck & Son, and has been 
em])loyed by this well known firm to the 
present time (1909) as general manager. He is a 
member of Franklin Lodge, No. 134, .\ncient 
Free and .Accepted Masons, of Philadelphia; 
Signet Chapter, No. 51, Royal .\rch Masons; 
St. Jt)hn's Commandery, Knights Templar, of 
Philadelphia, and Lulu Temple. .Ancient Arabic 
Order Nobles Mystic Shrine. His club affilia- 
tions are with the Union League, of Philadel- 
l)liia, and Rose Tree Hunt. He was married, in 
1898, and his children all born in Philadelphia: 
Joseph. January 21. 1898: Courtlandt Kister- 
bock. November 2~. 1900: Robert E.. February 
zy. 1902: Mary, March 10, 1904. 



STATE OF NEW [KRSEY. 



131 



The Barrett family, while not 
[!.\RRETT of so many generations in New 

Jersey as some other famihes, 
has raised itself to a foremost place among the 
representative families of the Newark of to- 
day and it also has a long and honored history 
in New York state, where for many generations 
it has made its home. 

( I) About the middle of the eighteenth cen- 
tury Abram liarrett made his home in West- 
chester county. New York. He married Betsy 
Ketchum. and he and his wife are both buried 
in the I'.uckson cemetery in that county. Chil- 
dren : I. Absalom. 2. Lewis, referred to 
iielow. 3. Stephen. 4. Warren. 5. Abraham. 
6. John, died 1850; married (first) Lavina 
Davis ; ( second ) Rachel Reynolds. 7. Phoebe. 
8. Hettie. 9. Sarah. 10. De Losse. 

(II) Lewis, son of Abram and Betsy 
( Ketchum ) Barrett, was born in Bedford, 
Westchester county. New York, 1790, died at 
Cornwall, New York, 1870. He was a farmer. 
He married Abigail, daughter of James and 
Mary ( Halsey ) (Hedden) Alarsh, born 1799, 
died 1849 (■'^^s Marsh. \'I). Children: Mar- 
garet, James Marsh, referred to below ; Charles 
Griggs, Britton Marsh, William Halsey. 

(III) James Marsh, son of Lewis and Abi- 
gail (Marsh) Barrett, was born in Cornwall. 
Orange county. New York, June 3, 1820, died 
in Bloomfield, New Jersey, March 21, 1887. 
Until after the civil war he was a merchant in 
Cornwall, New York, and after that he con- 
ducted a wholesale crockery business in New 
York City. He married Sarah, daughter of 
Hugh and Sarah ( Armstrong ) Fitz Randolph, 
born in Bloomfield. February 3, 1825, died in 
New Rochelle, New York, April 10, 1904. 
Children: i. Louis R., born September 26, 
[850. died August 12. 1900. 2. Halsey Marsh, 
referred to below. 3. Hugh Fitz Randolph, 
July 14, 1852, died October 31. 1856. 4. .\nna 
A., October 12. 1854: married Walter M. 
Elliott. 5. Sarah Fitz Randolph, .\ugust 16, 
1856: married Charles R. Bourne. 6. Alice 
Townsend, October 13, 1859, died December. 
1873. 7. James Marsh, October i, 1862; mar- 
ried ("lertrude Coit ; two children. 8. Francis 
Nicoll, October 3. 1864, died October 10, 1906. 

( I\ ) Halsey Marsh, son of James Marsh 
and Sarah (Fitz Randolph) Barrett, was born 
in Cornwall. Orange county. New York. July 
14. 1852, and is now living in Bloomfield, New 
Jersey. After receiving his early education in 
the district schools of Orange county. New 
York, he came to Bloomfield in 1865. with his 
parents, and entered the Bloomfield .\cademy, 



aiul then after taking the course in the New- 
ark Academy, he entered Phillips Academy. 
.\ndover, Massachusetts, from which he grad- 
uated in 1870. He then matriculated at Yale 
I 'niversity, but owing to ill health abandoned 
the idea of a college course and found a posi- 
tion as assistant in the actuary's department of 
the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company. 
This position he retained until January i, 
1877, when he entered the law office of the 
Hon. Amzi Dodd, at that time vice-chancellor 
of New Jersey, and was admitted to the New 
Jersey bar as attorney, June 5, 1878, and as 
counsellor in June, 1881. He then began the 
general ])ractice of his profession in Newark, 
where he soon secured a large and influential 
clientele, and has been most successful. For 
five years or more he was the attorney of the 
North Jersey Street Railway Company, and 
from 1878 to 1887 was counsel for the town- 
ship of Bloomfield. He has also been a director 
in the Bloomfield National Bank, in the Essex 
and Hudson Gas Company, and is counsel for 
the Bloomfield Savings Institution. He is a 
member of the Essex Club of Newark and of 
the New Jersey Historical Society. By relig- 
ious conviction he is a Presbyterian. 

November 27, 1878, Mr. Barrett married 
Mary L.. daughter of the Rev. David B. and 
Rebecca ( Phoenix) Coe, whose father was for 
many years secretary of the American Home 
Missionary Society in New York City, and 
whose only brother is the Rev. Edward B. 
Coe, D. D. .senior pastor of the Collegiate 
Church of New York City. Children of Hal- 
sey Marsh and Mary L. (Coe) Barrett: i. 
Mary Franklin, born August 25, 1879. 2. 
Randolph Coe. February 19, 1881. 3. Eliza- 
beth Tappan, September 6, 1884. 4. Dorothy 
Marsh. September 8, 1889. 

(The Marsh Line). 

Samuel Marsh, founder of the family of 
this name, is claimed by some of his descend- 
ants to have appeared in Boston about 1641. 
and by others to have been born in county 
Essex. England, about 1626, and to have emi- 
grated direct to New Haven, Connecticut, in 
the summer of 1645; while a sister of his 
named Hanhan, who came to America a few 
years after the last mentioned date, married 
Lancelot Fuller, of New Haven. He was a 
member of the New Haven militia and April 
7. \64f1, the court minutes record that "Sam- 
uel Marsh being seeking cowes during his ab- 
sence from traynings, it was accepted of the 
court as a sufficient excuse." A repetition of 



13-= 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



the offence was overlooked, but a third one 
caused him to be fined two shiUings six pence. 
He took the oath of fidehty to the Colony 
May 2, 1648, and lived at New Haven until 
1665. when he became one of the eighty Eliza- 
bethtown associates. In 167 1 he took a promi- 
nent part in the controversy with Governor 
Carteret, and was indicted as the ring-leader 
in the pulling down of Richard Mitchell'-' 
fence. He was apparently a man of consider- 
able property. His will is dated June 10. 1683, 
and the inventory of his personal estate was 
made February 6, 1684. By his wife Comfort 
he had seven cliildren : i. Mary, born 1648, 
probably died unmarried. 2. Samuel, Febru- 
ary 12, 1650, died 1684 or 1685 ; married Mary 
Trimmins. 3. Comfort, August 22, 1652; mar- 
ried Joseph Meeker. 4. Hannah, July 22, 1655, 
died probably unmarried. 5. Elizabeth, De- 
cember 27, 1657. 6. John, referred to below. 

7. Joseph, April i, 1663, died 1723; married 
Sarah Hinds. 

(H) John, son of Samuel and Comfort 
Marsh, was born in New Haven, Connecticut. 
May 2, 1661, and an old Marsh record states 
that he died at Trembley's Point, November, 
1744. Being brought to Elizabeth by his father, 
he settled in 1681 at what is now Rahway, 
and at a town meeting there June 28, 1681, 
he asked for and received the consent of the 
town to "get the timber to saw at his mill." In 
1683 he was granted eight hundred acres of 
land on the Rahway river and the same year 
obtained permission from Smith Rouse and 
Joseph Frazee to build a dam and erect a mill. 
This mill is believed to have been one of the 
first saw mills in that section of New Jersey, 
and it was located on the Rahway river just 
west of the present Pennsylvania railroad 
bridge. It is claimed that some of the logs 
from the original mil! were used in the con- 
struction of the saw mill now standing on the 
same site. In 1684 he built a grist mill along- 
side of his saw mill, and then apparently re- 
moved to New York City where he was living 
in 1692. He married Elizabeth Clark or Clerk. 
Children: i. Benjamin, referred to below. 2. 
John, died before 1740. 3. Joseph, inarried, 
and died 1746. 4. Joshua, born about 1691, 
married, died September 21, 1744. 5. Eliza- 
beth, married Job Pack, of Rahway, and both 
she and her husband died on the same day, 
.\pril 13, 1750. 6. Jonathan, died July 27, 
1779- 7- Hannah, married William Miller. 

8. Ephraim, married, and died April 23, 1750. 

9. Daniel, died 1756; married Mary Rolph. 

10. Mephiboshcth, married, died 1764. 11. 



.Sarah, died CJctober i, 1777; married Isaac 
.\oe. 

( III) Benjamin, son of John and Elizabeth 
(Clark) Marsh, was born in Rahway about 
1685, died in 1723. He lived at Elizabeth- 
town, and married Margaret Ewer. Children: 
Benjamin, referred to below; Enoch, David, 
.Sarah, Margaret, Mary. 

(lY) Benjamin (2), son of Benjamin (i) 
and Margaret (Ewer) Marsh, was born in 
Rahway, 1725, died 1772. He married Sarah 
Clark. Children : Jabez, Sarah, Margaret, 
Benjamin. James, referred to below ; Mary, 
Phelje. Margaret. 

( \' ) James, son of Benjamin ( 2 ) and Sarah 
( Clark ) Marsh, was born in Rahway about 
1764, died in 1807. He married Mary Halsey, 
of Linden, who is said to have been the widow 
of a Mr. Hedden. Children: Abigail, referred 
to below ; Sarah, Hannah, Phebe Halsey, 
James, Sophia. 

(\T) Abigail, daughter of James and Mary 
( Halsey) (Hedden) Marsh, was born at Blaz- 
ing Star. New Jersey, 1799, died in 1849. She 
married Lewis, son of Abram and Betsy 
(Kctchum) Barrett (see Barrett, II). 



The Gilmour family at pres- 
(jILMOl'R ent under consideration, al- 
though among the later 
comers to this country, has already established 
itself in the front ranks of two of the learned 
professions and has made a name for itself in 
two states. 

(I) Henry Lake (Jilmour, founder of the 
family in this country, was born in London- 
derry, Ireland, and came to this country when 
nineteen years old with Captain Lake. At first 
he had no intention of remaining, but he began 
to work at the trade of carriage painter and 
locating in Cape May, he established a success- 
ful business. At the outbreak of the civil war 
he enlisted in the First Regiment of New Jer- 
sey Cavalry and has a distinguished record of 
four and one-half years. At one time he was 
captured by the enemy and sent to Libby prison 
where he remained for three months. Being 
exchanged he became a hospital steward, and 
received a commission in the medical corps. 
At the time that General Lee surrendered he 
had risen to the rank of major. After being 
mustered out of service, Mr. Gilmour entered 
the Philadelpliia Dental College, from which 
he graduated in 1867, and then opened an office 
in Philadelphia and another one in Cape May. 
Since then he has devoted his whole time and 
attention to his profession and his office in 



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STATE OF NEW IIIKSEY. 



133 



I'hiladelphia, room 500, I'erry building, at the 
corner of Sixteenth and Chestnut streets, is 
now run by himself and his younger son. Dr. 
( iilmour is a Republican in politics and a Meth- 
odist in religion. He is especially interested 
in musical services at camp meetings, and is 
the composer of much sacred nuisic. In the 
Methodist church of his home at Wenonah, 
(lloucester county, New Jersey, he has for 
many years been one of the most active mem- 
bers. He is a trustee and steward of the 
church, a class leader, and superintendent of 
the Sunday school. Dr. Gilmour is a Mason. 

Dr. Henry Lake Gilmour married Letitia 
Pauline, daughter of Levi Downing and Anna 
(Miller) Howard. Her grandfather. Captain 
lloward, was the sea captain who broke the 
chain by which the French tried to blockade 
the port of Londonderry during the English- 
I'Vench war of 1740; while Dr. Gilmour"s 
great-grandfather was the man who fired the 
first gun at the French in the same war. Chil- 
dren of Henry Lake and Letitia Pauline 
(Howard) (Hlmour : i. Levi Downing How- 
ard, referred to below. 2. Henry Lake, Jr.. 
born October, 1865 : graduated from the South 
Jersey Institute, 1884. and the Philadelphia 
Dental College, 1889, and now in partiiershi]) 
with his father; married, May 4, i8go, Lena 
M., daughter of Thomas Cunningham, a prom- 
inent citizen of Delaware and member of the 
state legislature ; has had three children, two 
died in infancy, and Pauline. 3. Mary Pauline, 
married Morgan Hatch ; lives at Belair, Cam- 
den county. New Jersey, and has one child, 
Pauline. 

(II) Levi Downing lloward, elder son of 
Dr. Henry Lake and Letitia Pauline (Howard) 
(lilmour, was born in Cape May City, New 
Jersey, October 27, i860, and is now living 
in Newark, New Jersey. For his early edu- 
catiini he attended first of all the ]niblic school 
at Ca])e May, from which he went to the Dejit- 
fonl school at Woodbury, New Jersey. Leav- 
ing this institution, he entered the South Jer- 
sey Institute at Pjridgeton. from which he grad- 
uated as an honor man in June, 1879, and being 
the Latin salutatorian of his class. He then 
studied law with Howard Cooper, Esq., of 
Camden, New Jersey, and was admitted to the 
New Jer.sey bar as attorney in February, 1885, 
and as counsellor in February, 1888. April 3. 
1893. he was admitted to practice in the United 
States supreme court at Washington. For 
eight years he was connected with the law de- 
partment of the I'ennsylvania Railroad Com- 
]iany in Philadelphia, and removing in i88g to 



Newark he has since then been practicing 
in that city with uninterrupted success. His 
office is at 763 Broad street, and he has spe- 
cialized in real estate and corporation law, in 
which fields he has made himself the leading 
lawyer of Newark. He is now assistant gen- 
eral counsel of the I'ublic Service Corporation 
of New Jersey, and during their reconstruction 
and consolidation was one of the counsel of 
the Electric Light Companies of Newark and 
the Street Railway Company. From 1892 he 
was a trustee of the South Jersey Institute at 
r.ridgeton until the institute was discontinued, 
lie is a member of the Essex County Country 
Club, L'niversity Club of Newark, and New 
York Athletic Club. He is a member of the 
South r)aptist Church of Newark. 

April 2. 1885, Mr. Gilmour married, in Phil- 
adelphia. Jennie Dare, born November 25, 
1862. only child of Norton L. and Maria (Dare) 
Paullin. Children: i. Howard Coombs, born 
December 27, 1886; graduated from Prince- 
ton l'niversity, 1908, now studying law. 2. 
.Marie i'aullin, September 23, 1895. 



This name appears in the early 
CK A.Ml'^R history of Long Island. New 

Jersey, P^ennsylvania, Dela- 
ware, and in the Hudson River \'alley, and is 
\ari()usly spelled Cramer. Cranmer, Cram- 
mer. The Cramers of the Hudson River 
valley, as well as some of the family in Hun- 
terdon county. New Jersey, were of Dutch or 
German descent, with family names as Noah, 
Peter. Isaac. William, Stephen. The Cranmers 
and Crammers apparently belong to an English 
family, and many of them have traditions 
which link their line of descent with Cran- 
mer the martyr, burned at the stake, and the 
chief author of the liturgy as contained in the 
English Hook of Common Prayer used in the 
.\nglican churches. As he was born in .\slac- 
ton. Nottinghamshire, and his wife in Nurem- 
burg. a niece of the reformer Osiander, their 
descendants could claim both English and Ger- 
man blood. It is very difficult to trace de- 
scendants from the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
married in 1532, the very same year in which 
he was made archbishop, for he was obliged 
to ])Ut away his wife on the i)assage of the 
Six .\rticles. or Bloody Statutes, in 1538, as 
one of the statutes forbade marriage to the 
clergy. In 1548 he induced parliament to 
legalize the marriage of the clergy, and his 
wife returned to him from her home in Ger- 
many. The name thus legalized had both 
( lerman and English claimants, and notwith- 



•34 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



standing its various spellings they may all have 
had a common origin. The father of the 
Archbishop was also named Thomas, and he 
also had another son named Edmund, who was 
Archdeacon of Canterbury, while his brother 
was Archbishop, and it is possible that the 
family in New Jersey may be descended from 
Edmund, who had five sons and eight daugh- 
ters, and tlied in 1604, aged si.xty-nine years. 
For practical American citizens, however, it 
is sufficient to fi.x upon a progenitor who emi- 
grated from the old world and immigrated to 
America. The .American English immigrant 
progenitor of a large family of the name in 
.\ew York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and 
Delaware, in the early days of the settlements 
of these states, appears to have been William 
Cramer, a name claimed both by the English 
and German nationalities. 

( 1 ) ^\'illiam Cranmer (Or Cramer, as vari- 
ously written) appeared in the eastern part 
of Long Island after 1640. In 1620 the island 
had been granted by James I. to the Plymouth 
Company, from whom it passed to Lord Stir- 
ling in 1636, and by his grandson was sur- 
rendered to the Duke of York. In the "His- 
tory of Southold, Long Island," William Cra- 
mer is named by Rev. Epher W'hitaker among 
the original settlers of Southold, 1640-72, and 
he speaks of his subsequent removal to Eliza- 
bethtown, New Jersey. In the Southold Town 
Records appears a deposition made by Will- 
iam Cramer, .\pril 19, 1639, concerning a con- 
versation wliich occurred in his house. Hat- 
field, in his "History of Elizabeth, New Jer- 
sey," says that William Cramer was a car- 
])enter from Southold, Long Island, where he 
married Elizabeth, daughter of David Car- 
withy, and sister of Caleb Carwithy. David 
Carwithy formerly lived at Salem, IVIassachu- 
setts, where he is named as freeman in 1644. 
Me moved to Southold, where he died, No- 
vember, 1665. His son Caleb was a mariner, 
and (|uite a rover: he went to Elizabethtown 
in 1663, but remained there only a few years. 
William Cramer took the oath of allegiance 
and fidelity at Elizabethtown. February 19, 
ir/)3. He attached himself to the governor's 
l^arty, and seems not to have been numbered 
with the Town .Associates. He was appointed 
town constable .April 27, 1670, and served till 
October 13, 1671. He became possessed of 
various tracts of land amounting to 209 acres, 
besides the town lot of six acres on wliich he 
lived. His name is on record as fretiuently 
buying and selling land. William Cramer died 
at Elizabethtown, New Jersey, and administra- 



tion on his estate was granted to his son 
Thomas, December 4, 1689. It would seem. 
therefore, that Thomas was the eldest son. 
It is shown by deeds on file in the secretary of 
state's office, Trenton, New Jersey, that there 
were at least two other sons, William, and 
John ((|. V. ). 

( II ) Thomas, eldest son of William Cramer 
and Elizabeth, his wife, seems either to have 
died, or to have removed to another state soon 
after his father's death, for his name does not 
appear in the New Jersey records after 1691, 
at which date he sold all or nearly all of the 
land which he derived from his father. 

( II ) William, second son of \Villiam anci 
Elizabeth (Carwithy) Cramer, lived in Eliza- 
bethtown until about 1710. His name appears 
frequently in deeds both as grantor and 
grantee. In 1702, with his brother John, he 
bought land at Barnegat, then in Alonmouth 
county. New Jersey, where he and his family 
were living in 171 2. Leah Blackman states 
that there was recently in existence an old 
hook, once the property of Edward .Andrews. 
who was a minister of Friends, on a fly leaf of 
which wa- written, "William Cranmer, who 
settled at Parnegat, used to walk from that 
place to Little Egg Harbor Meeting. He was 
one of the witnesses of Edward .Andrews's 
will in 1712.'' His name also appears as wit- 
ness to several wills between 1712 and 1719. 
Among the records of the Woodbridge 
.Monthly Meeting appears the birth of William 
Cramer, son of William and Rachel Cramer, 
June 12. 1691. Leah lUackman mentions the 
names of two other children, Levi and .Sarah. 
Levi lived at P.arnegat, and married h'sthei 
Home in 1743. 

(II) John, youngest son of William and 
Elizabeth (Carwithy) Cramer, was probably 
born in Elizal)ethtown, about 1666, where he 
married Sarah, daughter of Stejihen and Sarah 
(Stanbrough) ( )sborne, of Elizabethtown. 
granddaughter of Josiah .Stanbrough, a 
founder of .Southampton, Long Island, who 
died in i('i3<), and great-granddaughter of Jo- 
siah -Stanbrough. the immigrant settler of 
L\nn. Massachusetts May Colony, in 1637. 
John Cramer and .Sarah Osborne were mar- 
ried previous to if)g4. as Stephen Osborne's 
will of that date mentions his daughter Sarah 
as wife of John Cramer. The latter, as 
well as his brother William, was a member of 
ihe .Society of h'riends. .About 1710, John 
and Sarah ("Osborne) Cramer settled at Whip- 
panough. now llanciver townshi]). Morris 
countv. New Jersey, where he owned land. 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



135 



The first iron forge in the country was erected 
at Whippanough, and the place soon became 
noted for its iron industry. His will, dated 
W'hiljpanough, April 22. 1716, was admitted 
to probate June 22. 1716. In it he leaves five 
pounds to each of his two sons, John and 
Thomas Cranmer, and the residue of his estate 
to his wife Sarah, " to bring up my children." 
His wife is his sole executrix, and his two 
sons, John and Thomas, her assistants. He 
signed his name John Cranmer. His brother- 
in-law Jeremiah Osborne is a witness. Re- 
sides the two sons named in the will, there 
were Jeremiah (q. v.) and probably Stephen, 
Josiah. and David. Leah Blackman says that 
Stc])hcn and Sarah Cranmer, his wife, brought 
their certificate to Little Egg Harbor Meeting 
in 1729. She also says that William, Josiah, 
and probably Thomas Cranmer, are the fore- 
fathers of the Cranmers in Ocean county, and 
John and Ste])hen in f'.urlington cciunty, who 
located in Bass River township. Adminis- 
tration was granted ]\Iarch 11, 1760, on the 
estate oi a David Cramer, late a soldier in the 
New Jersey regiment, and he may have beeri 
a son of John Cranmer. 

(HI) Jeremiah, son of John and Sarah 
( Osborne ) Cranmer, was born in Elizabeth- 
town, the fourth day of twelfth month, 1707 
(vide Records of Rahway and Plainfield 
Monthly Meeting). Present at his birth were 
Sarah Looker, midwife. Margaret Fraisee.Marv 
I'Yaisee, (the last two, sisters of Sarah (Os- 
borne ) Cranmer ) .and Elizabeth Pack, probably 
a sister of John Cranmer). Jeremiah lived first 
at Whippanough, and probably learned to be 
an iron moulder there, then removed to Barne- 
gat, where there was also an iron forge, and 
while there, on September 19, 1738, he mar- 
ried .\biah Tuttle, "ilaughter of Sarah Tut- 
tle, now Mann" (vide his marriage license on 
file in the secretary of state's office, Trenton, 
\ew Jersey). In later years he returned to 
Morris county, Xew Jersey, for in 1768 he pe- 
titioned to be released from the debtor's prison 
in, Morristown. Among his children were 
David (q. v.). and Jeremiah, and probably 
Ephraim and Isaac. In David Cramer's fam- 
il\ Bible is the record of the death of Jeremiah 
Cramer, son of Jeremiah Cramer, September 
-"• '775- I" the list of soldiers who served 
in the revolution, from Burlington countv. we 
find David, Isaac, Seymour, .Andrew, losiali. 
John and Israel Cramer. 

(I\') David, son of Jeremiah and .\biali 
( Tuttle ) Cramer, was born probably in or 
near Barnegat, New Jersey, April 3, 1748. 



Me was a soldier in the American revolution, 
serving with the Burlington county troops. 
He was a moulder by trade, and removed to 
Cumberland coimty. New Jersey, in 1790, 
where he carried on his trade at the Cumber- 
land furnace up to the time of his death, which 
occurred March 25, 1813. He married Mary 
Pratt Tompkins, September 3, 1778. She was 
born April 5. 1758. and died September 10, 
1837, and was a descendant of Micah Tomp- 
kins, one of the founders of Newark, New 
Jersey. David and Mary Pratt (Tompkins) 
Cramer are both buried in the cemetery be- 
longing to the Old Cumberland M. E. Church. 
The names of their children are copied from 
David Cramer's family Bible, now in the pos- 
session of his great-grandson, David Cramer. 
of Bradford, Pennsylvania: i. Elizabeth, born 
March 17, 1780, died July 27, 1781. 2. Will- 
iam, born .\pril 24, 1781, died 1781. 3. Jo- 
seph ( q. v.). 4. David, born January 26, 
1784, died August 30. 1795. 5. Isaac, born 
January 10. 1785: married Mary \'aneman, 
September 7. 1807: issue. 6. Mary, born Jan- 
uary 14. 1787; married John Hess, April 7, 
1807: issue. 7. Abiah. born January 18, 1789; 
married John Gray. August 11, 1812: issue. 
8. Ephraim. born Alay 14, 1790. died August 
24, 1791. 9. Sarah, born March 5, 1792; mar- 
ried Elias Vaneman, October 19, 1810; issue. 
10. Elizabeth, born December 28, 1793. died 
March. 1837; unmarried. 11, Amy, born 
January 26, 1796: married James Jordan; 
issue. 12. David, born January 7. 1798: mar- 
ried (first) Nancy Yourson, June 8, 1820; 
(second) Rachel Dubell, November 6, 1834; 
issue. 13. Jeremiah, born March ig, 1800; 
moved to Canada, where he has issue. 14. 
John Pratt, born September 4. 1802; issue. 

( \' ) Jose])h. third child of David and Mary 
Pratt (Tompkins) Cramer, was born in Burl- 
ington county. New Jersey, October 9, 1782. 
He was eight years old in 1790, when his 
father removed with his family to Cumberland 
county. New Jersey. Notwithstanding his 
lack of educational advantages he became pro- 
ficient in the English branches, and showed 
ability in mathematics and astronomy. He 
taught school in New Jersey until 1825, when 
he started a private school in Philadelphia, at 
121 Coates Alley. While here he published 
many astronomical calculations, and took a 
|)rominent. part in the controversy which re- 
sulted in the formation of the Methodist Prot- 
estant Church, being one of the founders of 
the church of that denomination at Broad and 
Cherry streets, Philadelphia. In 1833 he gave 



136 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



up his school in order to become a minister of 
the Methodist Protestant Church in New Jer- 
sey. He (Hed suddenly. March 7. 1846, while 
on a visit to his son David in Philadelphia, and 
is buried there in the Honover street burying 
ground. April 21,. 1805, he married Deborah, 
daughter of David and Thankful \'anhook, at 
Port Elizabeth, Cumberland county. New Jer- 
sey. David Vanhook owned the mill at 
Schooner Landing, in the same county. Jo- 
seph and Deborah ( \'anhook ) Cramer had 
children: i. Mary, born 1806; married Emley 
Corson ; issue. 2. Rachel Donnelly, born Jan- 
uary I, 1807; married Cornelius Davis; issue. 
3. John Lee, born 1812, died 1876; married 
Mary Main. 4. Joseph Pratt, married twice : 
issue. 5. David, born 1815, died March 12. 
1888; issue, ft. Celinda, married twice: issue. 
7. Isaac ((|. V. ). 

(\'I) Isaac, youngest child of Joseph and 
Deborah (X'anhook) Cramer, was born in okl 
(jloucester county. Xew Jersey, April 22, 1820. 
In 1836 he was apprenticed to William Ilas- 
kins. a wheelwright on Maiden street, between 
Front and Frankfort streets, Philadelphia, 
and upon completing his term of apprentice- 
ship he returned to Gloucester county and 
worked for Joseph Moore, who had a carriage 
factory at Kinzeytown. February 17, 1841, he 
married Mary, widow of Daniel Watson, and 
daughter of Ephraim and Anna Bee, of Bee's 
corner, now Salina, Gloucester county, where 
he pifrchased a form and followed the occupa- 
tion of a farmer until the last few years of his 
life. He subsequently moved to Blackwood, 
Xew Jersey, where he died June 15, 1894. ' ^'^ 
wife, Mary (Bee) Cramer, was born Decem- 
ber 17. 1810. and died January 2(1. 1875, and 
both are interred in the Baptist cemetery. 
Blackwood, Xew Jersey. In 1876 Isaac Cra- 
mer married (second) Mary (Smith) Buzby. 
widow, by whom he had one child, i'lmma. 
Ixjrn October 8, 1877. The children of Isaac 
and Mary (Bee) Cramer, born in (iloucester 
county, were: i. Hiram, born September 15. 
1842: enlisted in Twelfth Xew Jersey Volun- 
teer Infantry, and was killed at battle of Chan- 
cellorsville, \irginia. May 15. \^(^>^. 2. .\lfred. 
fc|. v.). 3. Joseph, born .March 31. 1847: 
married Elizabeth, daughter of John and Mary 
Merrill, of Woodbury. Xew Jersey: engaged 
in real estate business at Cramer Hill, Cam- 
den. Xew Jersey : children : Elizabeth, Way- 
land P., and Joseph M. 4. Mary, born Febru- 
ary 14. 1 85 1, died March 3, 1863. 

f\Tn .Mfred. second son of Isaac an<l 
Marv fBee) Cramer, was born at Williams- 



town. ( iloucester county. Xew Jersey, Decem- 
ber 12, 1844. He was brought up on his 
father's farm, and remained with him until he 
attained his majority, when he became a book 
canvasser, and gained much experience as a 
salesman. He subsequently engaged in the 
coal business in Camden, Xew Jersey, with his 
father-in-law. He married, February 27, 
1870, Priscilla Middleton, daughter of John 
Wright, of Camden, and granddaughter of 
.\mos Archer Middleton. councilman of Cam- 
den for ten years, and a soldier in the war of 
1812. Since 1875, Alfred Cramer has been 
engaged in the real estate business at Cramer 
Hill, Camden. Xew Jersey. Children, born in 
Camden: I. .Alfred (q. v). 2. Lydia P., born 
October 26. 1872. died 1873. 3. Ida M., born 
March 8. 1874: married Daniel Parvin W'est- 
cott. of Camden; children: Alfred C. born in 
England. 1899, died 1901 ; Muriel, born in 
England, .\pril 15, 1903. 4. Estelle I., born 
December 14. 1878; married Henry Clay 
Clarke Shute, of Glassboro, Xew Jersey; 
child. Henry Clay Clarke Shute, Jr., born 
September 28, 1909. 5. Lois \',. born July 23. 
t886; unmarried in 1909. 

(\'1II) Alfred (2). eldest child of Alfred 
and Priscilla Middleton (Wright) Cramer, 
was born in Camden. Xew Jersey, February 
13. 1871. He was a ])upil in the public schools 
of Camden, and for one year in the P'riends' 
Central School of I'hiladelphia ; prepared for 
college at Peddie Institute. Hightstown, Xew 
Jersey; graduated from Princeton College in 
the class of 1895, with the degree of A. B. ; 
graduated from the medical department of 
the Cniversity of Peiuisylvania. class of 1898. 
with the degree of .M. D. ; studied for a short 
time at the University of \ ienna. .Austria; 
was resident physician at the Lackawanna 
Hospital. Scranton. Pennsylvania, and at the 
Cooper Hospital, Camden. Xew Jersey. Since 
January I. 1901. he has been practicing in 
Camden. In the winter of 1901-02 he was 
su])erintendent of the Municipal Hospital. 
Camden, during a small-])ox epidemic. I'Vom 
1903-08 he was clinical assistant at the Wills 
I'^.Ne Hospital. I'hiladelphia, and is now oph- 
thalmologist to the Cooper Hospital. Camden, 
lie is a member of the local medical .societies, 
and of the American Medical Association. In 
1907 he became a member of the Penn.sylvania 
Historical Society. ^Alfred Cramer jr. mar- 
ried, June 9, igcyCi. .Anna Browning, daughter 
of Isaac and Josephine (Browning) Donghten, 
f)f Camden. Xew jersey, and granddaughter of 
Maurice and .Anna (Smith) lirowuing. Isaac 



STATE OF NEW" 



KRSl'lV. 



'37 



Dougliten serves as deputy comptroller of the 
state of New Jersey. 

(IX) Alfred (3), son of Alfred Jr. and 
Anna Browning (Doughten) Cramer, was 
born at 218 North Fifth street, Camden, New 
Jersey, December 27, 1907, being in the ninth 
generation from William Cramer the immi- 
grant. 



The surname Hoadley was 
HOADLEV originally a place name. 

There are two parishes of 
the name in county Sussex, England, and as 
early as 1280 Margaret de Hothlegh and her 
father Solomon are mentioned in Sussex. In 
1296 William de Hodlegh, in 1318 Maurice de 
Hodleye, are mentioned in Sussex records. 

(I) William Hoadley (or Hoadle, as he 
wrote it) was born in England, about 1630, 
and was the immigrant ancestor of this family. 
He settled in Saybrook, Connecticut, as early 
as 1663, and in 1666 bought the home lot of 
Rev. Abraham Pierson, of Branford, Con- 
necticut, when the latter removed to New Jer- 
sey, transplanted his Branford church and 
founded the city of Newark and the First 
Presbyterian Church of that city. This lot 
was on the west side of the public green, 
where the Totoket House now stands. Mr. 
Hoadley was a merchant, and his shoj) was 
next his dwelling house. He signed the Plan- 
tation Covenant of Branford, January 20, 
1667-8, and was admitted a freeman in Octo- 
ber, 1669. He was a representative from 
I Iran ford in the general assembly between 
1678 and 1685. and one of the patentees of the 
town on February 16, 1685-6; selectman sev- 
eral years between 1673 and 1690. At a town 
meeting held June 26. 1683, he was appointed 
to keep the ordinary in Branford. The death 
of his wife, perhaps, caused him to give up the 
tavern, and his successor was appointed March 
28. 1687. He was one of the grand jurors at 
a court of quarter sessions at New Haven in 
June. 1688: one of a committee appointed Oc- 
tober II. 1686 to make application to the gen- 
eral assembly at Hartford for liberty for the 
town to embody into a church estate. In 1699 
he was on a committee to build the meeting 
house, aiul often served on committees to pro- 
cure a minister for the town. The town gave 
him permission in December, 1 701, to build 
a pew for himself and family in the meeting 
house, and for two of his sons and their wives, 
he building at his own charge, and after his 
decease and his wife's the pew to revert to the 



town, pro\ide(l the town pay reasonable price 
for it. 

He filed his ear-mark, a capital T and a half- 
penny, January 28, 1670, and December 19, 
1674. He was elected constable December 21. 
1677; served on a school committee in 1678; 
was on a committee to run the line between 
liranford and Wallingford, March 14, 1678-9; 
was elected a lister or assessor of the town, 
September 11, 1679; from time to time served 
on committees to lay out lots granted to pro- 
prietors of the town and inhabitants. He was 
elected March 25, 1679, on a turnpike com- 
mittee, and June 17, 1680, was elected on a 
committee to consider some claims of New 
Haven to land in Branford. He and Edward 
Barker were appointed a committee April 26, 
1681, to take an account of "what corn there 
is in town." He was a town auditor, elected 
December 6, 168 1. He owned much land and 
left a considerable estate, as shown by the in- 
ventory dated December 27, 1709, four pages 
in length, as copied in the New Haven probate 
records. Among the items were : House, barn 
and homelot ; ten acres of land and meadow 
in the Mill Ouarter, meadow land in the same 
section, meadow in Little Mill Ouarter on 
near side of an island ; various other meadows ; 
a parcel at Stony Creek ; another at the mouth 
of Pine Creek; plowing land at Great Island, 
Little Plain, Indian Neck and Beaver Swamp; 
u])land and swamj) at Cole pit plain ; piece of 
swamp on the back side of the town; pasture; 
parcel called the ho-gronnd ; 159 acres of Fourth 
Division : right in undivided land : sixteen 
acres at Stratford; twenty acres at Hop Yard 
Plain and twenty acres near the school land, 
etc. Mr. Hoadley was called captain and 
doubtless commanded a company of militia at 
some time. 

The name and ilate of death of the first wife 
of William Hoadley are unknown. He had 
eight children, according to the list taken 
January 17. 1676. but tiie names of but seven 
are known and but six survived him. He died 
in November or December, 1709, aged about 
seventy-nine years. His will was presented 
but not allowed by the court, and the settle- 
ment of his estate was the occasion of a long 
and unhappy litigation. The will is not to be 
found and its provisions are now unknown. 
He married (second) about 1686, Mary ( Bul- 
lard ) Farrington, widow of John Farrington. 
of Dedham. Massachusetts, and daughter of 
William Bullard of Charlestown, Massachu- 
setts, and Dedham. who died May 12, 1703, 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



in Branford. Air. Hoadley married (third) 
in Branford, about 1704. Kuth (Bowers) Fris- 
bie, widow of John Frisbie, and daughter of 
Rev. John and Bridget (Thompson) Bowers. 
She was baptized December 20, 1657, in New 
Haven, and died April 26, 1736, in Branford. 
Children of first wife: 1. William, married 
(first) .\bigail Frisbie; (second) Elizabeth 
Frost. 2. Samuel, mentioned below. 3. John, 
married Alercy Crane. 4. Mary, married, 
about 1698, Nathaniel Finch, of Branford. 5. 
Elizabeth, baptized February 15, 1668, died be- 
fore her father. 6. Hannah, baptized Novem- 
ber 8, 1670: married Nathaniel Johnson, of 
Branford. 7. .\braham, married Elizabeth 
.Maltby. 

( II ) Samuel, son of William Hoadley. was 
born about 1666, in Branford, Connecticut, 
and died February 8, 1714, in his native town. 
He was killed under a haymow. On April 24, 
1683, he was chosen one of the hay wards. He 
lived at Hopyard Plain, also called Hoppit and 
Hoj^pin Plain, Branford, where he was granted 
with others a parcel of land a mile square in 
the western part of the town. The inventory 
<if his estate was filed December 16, 17 14, and 
amounted to one thousand eighty-seven 
])oun<ls. He married. March 6, 1689, in liran- 
ford, .\bigail, daughter of John and Mary 
(Bullard) Farrington. born April 30, 1668 in 
Dedhani, Massachusetts, died February 26, 
1745, in Branford. Children, born in Bran- 
ford: I. Abigail, January 5, 1690; married 
December 5, 171 1, Josepli Frisbie. 2. William, 
December 10, 1692; married Alary Harrison. 
3. Hannah, December 16, 1694; married, June 
30, 1720, Daniel Harrison. 4. Samuel, Febru- 
ary 20, 1696; mentioned below. 5. Gideon, 
.\pril 17, iC)()C), died young. 6. Lydia, Decem- 
ber 23, 1701 ; married, June 12, 1723, Josiah 
Harrison. 7. Benjamin, July 24, 1704, mar- 
ried Lucy Harrison. 8. Daniel, December 9, 
1706: married Elizabeth Howd. 9. Timothy, 
July 14, 1709; married Mary Harrison. 

(Ill) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) 
Hoadley, was born in Branford, February 20, 
1696, and died there l'"ebruary 22, 1756. He 
lived in I'.ranford, on what is now known as 
Pave street. He was a very corpulent man. 
He married, in October, 1720, Lydia Frisbie, 
born June I. 1698, died February 6. 1759, 
daughter of Caleb and Hannah I-'risbie, of 
Branford. Children: i. .\bigail, born .\ugust 
24. 1722: married. Decemlier 22, 1750, Paul 
Dudley. 2. Ciideon, born November 24, 1724; 

married Martha . 3. Samuel, born 

Jiuie 24, 1727: married (first) Sybil Jones; 



(second) Ruth Leete ; (third) Hannah 
(Howe) Palmer. 4. Ebenezer, born Novem- 
ber 9, 1729; married Martha Hoadley. 5. 
Jacob, born March 8, 1731, mentioned below. 
6. Lydia, born January i, 1734; married, June 
25, 1753, Thomas Gould. 7. Jerusha, born 
February 20, 1736; married, October 16, 1760, 
.'-Stephen Rogers. 8. James, born February 25, 
1738: married Lydia (Buell) Hoadley. 

(I\') Jacob, son of Samuel (2) Hoadley, 
was born in Branford, March 8th, 1731, and 
died in West Turin (Collinsville), New York, 
in November, 181 6. He is buried in the old 
Collinsville cemetery. About 1771 he re- 
moved from Branford to Westfield, Massachu- 
setts, and finally settled in Turin, in the i)art 
of New York state known then as the Black 
River country. He was a farmer. He mar- 
ried, July I, 1752, in Branford, Jemima Buell. 
born in Killingworth, Connecticut, October 26, 
1733, died in Westfield, January 25, 1791, 
daughter of Captain Samuel and Lydia (Wil- 
cox ) Buell, and sister of Lydia Buell, who 
married James Hoadley. Children, all except 
the last two born in Branford: i. Jared, March 
18, 1753-4; married .\nn Kellogg. 2. Phile- 
mon, June II, 1755; mentioned below. 3. 

Lucy, Alay 21, 1757 ; married Baker, of 

Westfield. 4. Jacob, August 19, 1759, died 
young. 5. Jemima, January 30, 1762; married 
Gunn, of Westfield. 6. Lydia, No- 
vember 20, 1764; married, 1783, Aaron Dem- 
ing, of Bennington, \'ermont. 7. Hannah, 
July I. 1767; married. May 31, 1787, Hanes 
Deming. 8. Mary, February i, 1770; married 
Nathan Wood, of Morristown, New York. 9. 
.\bigail, September 12, 1772; married Edmund 
Millard, of Turin. 10. Jacob, October 7. 
1779: married Elizabeth Crandall. 

( \' ) Philemon, son of Jacob Hoadley, was 
born in Branford, June 11, 1755. and died 
January 18, 181 1, at West Turin, New York. 
He removed from Branford to Westfield, 
Massachusetts, and his eldest child was bap- 
tized there September 14, 1777. She may 
have been born there, although recorded in 
Branford. The next si.x children were born in 
Westfield, the seventh is said to have been 
born in Montgomery, and the youngest in 
Southampton, Alassachusetts. He finally re- 
moved to Turin, New York, and lived near his 
father, dying before him. He and his wife 
are buried in Collinsville, New York. He was 
a soldier in the revolution, in Captain Nathan 
Rowley's company, Hampshire county regi- 
ment, under Lieutenant Colonel Timothy Rob- 
insiiu. and was at Ticonderoga in February, 



STATE OF NEW [ERSEV. 



139 



1777, credited with a service of two months 
and twenty-three days. He married, May i, 
1776, in Bran ford, Mary Rogers, born there 
February 22, 1753, died in West Turin Decem- 
ber II, 1843, daughter of Jonathan and Mary 
(Foote) Rogers. Children: i. Sophia, born 
September 18, 1776; married John Moore, of 
Martinsburgh, New York. 2. Irene, born 
May 12, 1779; married, 1797, Nathaniel 
Moore, of Leyden. 3. Lyman, born October 
28, 1781 ; mentioned below. 4. Mary, born 
September 5, 1784; married, 1824, Nathaniel 
Moore, husband of her deceased sister Irene. 
5. Roxanna, born February 5, 1787; married 
Josiah P. Raymond, of Turin. 6. Chester, 
born November 7, 1790; married Abigail 
Hooker. 7. Lester, born March 4, 1794: mar- 
ried Sarah Chipman. 8. Philemon, born 
March 31, 1797: married (first) Rosetta 
Goodrich: (second) Betsey (Bradley) Plant. 
( \'I ) Lyman, son of Philemon Hoadley, 
was born in Westfiekl, Massachusetts, 
October 28, 1781, and died in Collins- 
ville, New York, February 4, 1861. He re- 
moved when young to Turin, with his father, 
and lived there the rest of his life. He was 
baptized June 12, 1814, and joined the Close 
Communion Baptist church in Turin. When 
this church united with the Free Will Baptist, 
he followed with it and continued a faithful 
member until his death. He was generous to 
a fault, and his loss was deeply felt by the 
whole community. He owned a fine farm 
near Collinsville, town of Turin, which he sold 
in 1856 and removed to the village, where he 
died. He was buried in the family lot in the 
old burying-ground in Collinsville. Mr. Hoad- 
ley served as a soldier in the war of 1812 from 
Jul}' 30 to .August 22, 1814, in Captain Heze- 
kiah Scoville's company, New York state 
militia, and marched from WSst Turin to 
.Sackett's Harbor. He received from the 
I'nited States government, in 1855, ^ warrant 
for one hundred and sixty acres of land in 
what is now the state of Minnesota, as a re- 
ward for his military service. He married 
(first) about 1803, in Turin, Lydia Scoville, 
born 1787, in Turin, died there January 9, 
1827, daughter of Ilezekiah and Lydia (Bald- 
win I Scoville. He married (second) July 13, 
1843, in Rome, New York, Charlotte Eliza 
Cowles, born in Durham, New York, April 28, 
1812, died in Newark, New Jersey, September 
29, 1893. ilaiigliter of Orrin and Sophronia 
(Hitchcock) Cowles. Children of first wife, 
born in Turin: I. Sophia, June 26, 1805: mar- 
ried (first) George .Sheldon, of Russia, New 



York; (second) March 15, 1848, Medad B. 
Hoyt, of Collinsville. 2. Statira, November 
4. 1807; married Riley Stillman, of Houns- 
field. New York. 3. Lyman, 1808, died young. 
4. -Adelia Frances, January 7, 1810, died April 
19, 1858: uimiarried. 5. Louisa, March 19, 
1812: married, June 29, 1843, Albert Fowler,- 
of Hammond, New York. (3. Mary Ann, Sep- 
tember 7, 1815; married, February 2, 1836, 
John J. Smith, of Sheboygan Falls, Wiscon- 
sin. 7. Julia, March 20, 1817; married Albert 
Dean, of Sheboygan Falls, Wisconsin. 8. 
Lyman George, October 20, 1822, died Sep- 
tember 22, 1842. Children of second wife, 
born in Collinsville, New York : 9. Philemon 
Lyman, December 6, 1845; mentioned below. 
10. James Hart, February 28, 1847; married 
.Sarah E. (Scott) Snyder. Is now Rev. James 
H. Hoadley, D. D., a Presbyterian ])astor in 
Xew York City. Children: i. Harwood, Ph. 
D., born February 26, 1877: ii. Ruth, born 
December 26, 1883. 

(VH) Philemon Lyman, son of Lyman 
Hoadley, was born at Collinsville, Lewis 
county. New York, December 6, 1845. He 
was educated in the public schools in his native 
town, and at Whitestown Seminary and Rome 
.\cademy, residing in Rome, New York, from 
1862 to 1865. His first initiation into business 
life was made in Camden, Oneida county. New 
York, in 1865, where, in addition to filling the 
])osition of clerk and teller in a bank, he also 
acted as local agent for several insurance com- 
j)anies. That he was successful as an insur- 
ance agent is indicated by the fact that before 
the end of three years (in 1869) the Hanover 
I'ire Insurance Company of New York, recog- 
nizing the material of which the young agent 
was made, appointed him special agent for the 
state of New Jersey and the eastern half of 
Xew York. Mr. Hoadley remained with the 
Hanover until the latter part of 1874, when he 
was induced to acce])t an oflicial position with 
the .\merican Fire Insurance Campany of 
Newark. The place and the man to fill it had 
met, and there he has ever since remained. One 
promotion succeeded another until he was 
made a director in April, 1899: vice-president 
in December, 1900, and president in June, 1907, 
the office which he holds at present. 

Mr. Hoadley is distinctively an underwriter 
of ideas which make for business success. He 
is coolly calculating, placidly undemonstrative 
but withal a man of kindly disposition and 
cordial manner. In politics he is a Republican 
but has avoided political honors, devoting his 
undivided service to the .American Fire Insur- 



140 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



ance Company, which company's pronounced 
success is a monumciit to his fidelity, energy 
and ability. He occupies a prominent position 
in the financial world, being a director of the 
National Newark Banking Company, of the 
New Jersey Fire Alarm Company, and of the 
Provident Loan Association of Newark, of 
which latter association he was the organizer 
and first president. He is a life member of 
the New Jersey Historical Society, a member 
of the Sons of the American Revolution, of 
the Essex Club and the Forest Hill Field Club, 
but not of any secret orders. He is also a 
member and one of the trustees of the First 
i'resbyterian Church of Newark. 

He married. August 5, 1869, Mary Aurelia 
( Jlmstead, of Camden, New York, born Octo- 
ber 14, 1846, in Camden, daughter of Anson 
Gates and Almira (Plumley) Olmstead. Chil- 
dren: I. Frederick, born March 13, 1870, in 
Princeton. New Jersey: married. Jime 22, 1898. 
Sarah Y. Areson, of Alontclair, New Jersey. 
2. George O., born in Newark, New Jersey, 
July 27, 1872 ; married, April 9, 1902, Gertrude 
Schleicher, of Indianapolis, Indiana. 3. AUiene. 
born in Newark. New Jersey, October 25, 
1878. 4. Helen Maronette, born in Newark, 
New Jersey, March 17, 1883. 

(VIII) Frederick, eldest son of Philemon 
Lyman Hoadley, was ])orn in Princeton, New 
Jersey, March 13. 1870. His early education 
was obtained in the public schools of Newark, 
and in 1888 he graduated from the high school 
of that city, and began the study of architecture 
with Charles P. Baldwin, of Newark. After 
completing this course of study Mr. Hoadley 
became for a short while a draughtsman in the 
office of Cady, llerg & See. architects, in New 
\'<)rk City. This position. ht)wever. was soon 
resigned to accept a better and more lucrative 
one with Rossiter & Wright, a well known 
firm of New York architects, with whom he 
continued a number of years, acc|uiring a varied 
and valuable experience. In 1898, owing to 
the depression in general business, which espe- 
cially afifected building operations. .Mr. i load- 
ley accepted a ])osition with the .American Fire 
Insurance Coiui)any of Newark, New Jersey, 
of which his father (now its president) was 
agency secretary. In this new field Frederick 
lloadleys ability soon won appreciative recog- 
nition and two yi'ars after entering on his new 
work, he was in 1900 appointed a sjiecial agent 
of the company, and for a number of years 
was a member of the Cnderwriters .Association 
of the Middle ni'partment. and an active mem- 



ber of several of the Association's important 
New Jersey committees. 

January ist, 1909, he was elected assistant 
secretary of the American Insurance Com- 
pany, which office he now holds. Notwith- 
standing the engrossing character of his work, 
Mr. Hoadley has not (either by his family 
and friends or by his emjjloyers I been allowed 
to wra]) up his architectural talent in a napkin, 
but at different times has been called upon to 
exercise it for their benefit. In 1904 he de- 
signed the American Insurance Company's 
Western Dejiartment Office Building at Rock- 
iord. Illinois, and subsetjuently designed the 
residences of his brother-in-law. Dr. William 
H. Areson, at L'pper Montclair, New Jersey; 
of James H. Worden, at Montclair, and of his 
father, Philemon L. Hoadley. in Mt. Prospect 
avenue, Newark. 

In politics Mr. Hoadley is a Republican, but 
he has never sought or held office. .Mthough 
himself a Presbyterian, he has always, since 
his marriage, attended the services of the Epis- 
copal church, in which his children have been 
baptized and in which his wife is a communi- 
cant. June 22nd, 1898, Mr. Hoadley married, 
at Montclair, New Jersey, Sarah Young Are- 
son, born in New York City, May 5. 1871, 
daugliter of William Henry and .Annie 
( Scoales ) Areson. Children: i. Philemon, 
born January 17, 1902. 2. I-Vederick .Areson, 
March 10, 1004. 

(\'1I1) (ieurge Olmstead. second son of 
Philemon Lyman Hoadley. was born in New- 
ark, New Jersey, July 27, 1872, and obtained 
his education in the public schools of that city. 
.After filling the position of clerk in a New 
A'ork office for a brief period, and a similar 
position for a short time with the Clark Thread 
Cmiipany of .Vewark. he engaged in the fire 
insurance business : then tried the hardware 
business at Somerville, New Jersey, where he 
was (jrojirietor of a retail store for a few years, 
hut was unsuccessful, and resumed the fire 
insurance business, representing the American 
Insurance Company of Newark with marked 
success for about six years, as State .Agent for 
Indiana. In July, 1905, the company trans- 
ferred him to the Pacific coast, with head- 
(|uarters at San Francisco, where he passed 
through the thrilling experiences connected 
with tile great earth(|uake and conflagration 
which ])ractically destroyed that city in .Vpril, 
1906. Mr. Hoadley is now associate manager 
of the .American Insurance Company's Pacific 
Heiiartnicnt and resides in l^;ui Francisco. 



STATE OF NEW U'lRSEV. 



141 



W'liile a resident of Newark he took great 
interest in military affairs, and was elected 
captain of Company H, First Regiment, N. G. 
N. J. He married, April 9, 1902, in Indian- 
apolis, Indiana, ("lertrude. daughter of Adolf 
and Elizabeth ( Brown ) Schleicher, born Sep- 
tember /th, 1881. Child: George, born in San 
i'rancisco, September 24, 1909. 



Not every family whose name 
CARTER stands highest on the roll of 

honor in this country can trace 
its lineage back to the English or other home 
from which it sprang ; and fewer still can carry 
that line back step by step for many generations. 
It is therefore a special source of gratification 
that the Carters of America can not only go back 
generation after generation for nine degrees 
in the mother country, but also can trace the 
interrelationship of all the families in the new 
world. 

(I) The first Carter of whom there seems 
to be ofificial record is Johannes le Carter, of 
W'odemanse Manor, in Beverly, a town of the 
East Riding, county York, England, where he 
owned land which brought him in a rental of 
two shillings, six pence. He is mentioned first 
in a placita coram rege roll, in the Trinity 
term of the King's court of county Kent, in 
the 25th year of Edward I. (1297). He died 
leaving issue: Johannis. referred to below; 
William, married Elizabeth ; Ingram, and his 
wife Alicia: Richard, died unmarried: Hcnri- 
cus and his wife Alargaretta. 

(II) Johannes le Carter, son of Johannes 
of Beverly, moved to Cussworth parish with 
his wife Agnes, and in 1349 he is mentioned in 
the will of William de Sliriburn, rector of Bol- 
ton Percy. He left children : Nicholas ; Ra- 
delphus, and his wife Alicia: \\'illiam. referred 
to below : Sabina : Avicia and Thomas. Thomas 
removed to St. Alban's, county Hertford, be- 
fore 1392, and had two sons, Edmond — who 
was custos capellae SS. Angelorum, that is, 
vicar of the Chapel of the Holy Angels, in 
the town of York, and whose son William was 
the ancestor of the London Carters ; and Rich- 
ard, from whom is descended Rev. Thomas 
Carter, who emigrated to New England in the 
"Planter" and became the first pastor of the 
church at Woburn, Alassachusetts ; and also 
Colonel John Carter, of Upper Norfolk coun- 
ty, \'irginia, who was the father of Robert or 
"King" Carter, of the James river. 

(III) William Carter, son of Johannes of 
Cussworth, married Mathilda Marshall ; chil- 



dren : John, referred to iielow ; William, 
Thomas and Richard. 

(IN) John, son of William Carter, became 
a freeman of York in 1476, and by his wife 
-Margaret had children: i. Nicholas, who was 
knighted and received as his arms : Argent, a 
chevron between three cartwheels, vert ; crest : 
on a mount vert a greyhound sejant argent 
sustaining a shield of the last charged with a 
cartwheel vert. 2. John, referred to below. 
3. James. 4. Brian. 5. Thomas. 

(V) John, son of John Carter, of York, 
was a merchant in that town, and on the jury 
list in 1500. Children: Richard, and William, 
referred to below. 

(\T) William, son of John Carter of York, 
merchant, was an inn-holder, in 1548 a free- 
man, and married May, daughter of Christian 
Bedell: children: Martin: Christian, referred 
to below : Nicholas. 

(\TI) Christian, son of William Carter, of 
York, was living at Horingham in 1605 with 
his wife Isabella; children: i. Francis, mar- 
ried Frances Webster, of Hunsingon. 2. George, 
whose wife was Mary Watkinson of Heming- 
borow. 3. Michael, married the widow Janet 
Lacke, of Halifax. 4. John, whose wife was 
Mary Buck, of Sowerby. 5. Thomas, referred 
to below. 6. William. 7. Alatthias. 

(\TII) Thomas, son of Christian Carter, 
of Horingham, married, in 1594, Ellen Wade, 
of Alne ; children : i. Roger, referred to below. 
2. Nicolas, married Dorothy Strangeways. 3. 
Susan, wife of Samuel Firth. 4. Mary, wife 
of William Robinson. 5. John, whose wife 
was Jane Piers. 6. Jesset, wife of Robert 
Holmes. 7. Almond, married Anna William- 
son. 

(IX) Roger, son of Thomas Carter, was 
born in Helperby, county York, May 8, 1595, 
and married, in St. Michael's le Belfry, York, 
November 25, 1627. Emma, daughter of Will- 
iam Rayles and Abigail Haxupp. Children : 
I. Nicholas, referred to below. 2. John, mar- 
ried Phebe Foster, December 12, 1647. 3. 
Roger, who when he married Marie Haxupp, 
June 8, 1652, stated that he was the "son of 
Roger Carter of Helperby and Ellen Carter, 
and brother of Nicholas Carter, now in New 
England. 4. Benjamin, married Obedrina 
Northruop. 

(I) Nicholas Carter, eldest son of Roger, 
of Helperby, was born in that place, June 4, 
1629, and died at Elizabethtown, New Jersey, 
in October or November, 1681. He emigrated 
to New England and settled in Stamford, Con- 



1 4-' 



STATE OF XEW JERSEY. 



necticut, sometime prior to 1652, in which 
year he is recorded as having come to New- 
town, Long Island, from Stamford. April 12. 
1656. he was one of the purchasers of the 
Stamford lands from the Indians and was 
given twenty acres as his allotment. From this 
time until 1665 he is repeatedly spoken of in 
the Xevvtuwn records as being one of the lead- 
ing men of the place. In this latter year he 
became one of the Elizabethtown Associates, 
having February 10, 1664. received for him- 
self, his wife, son and maidservant, 360 acres 
as his right of land according to the coii- 
cessicjus, and being given a third lot right in 
the town. His house lot contained five acres, 
ten by five chains, bounded on the east by 
highways, on the north by the creek, and on the 
south and west by William Hill. He had also 
twenty acres of upland on Luke Watson's 
Point adjoining Edward Case and Jacob 
Melyn, as well as forty acres of upland "in a 
swamp lying at the east side of the blind ridge," 
and bounded ])artly by Aaron Thompson and 
Jacob Melyn. This property Nicholas Carter 
sold, March 16, 1676, to Benjamin \\'ade, for 
£30. payable in pipe staves, having the week 
before. March 9. 1676. bought of Jacob Melyn, 
then of New York, loi acres of land in the 
South Neck. Besides this land Nicholas Car- 
ter owned seventy acres of upland bounded" 
by Roger Lambert, Ceorge Pack and the 
s\\ amp ; also 193 acres on the mill creek, bound- 
ed by Barnabas Wines, the plain, a small 
brook, and the creek, and another twenty-two 
acres in the Great Meadow and eighteen acres 
on Thompson's creek. The lands he bought 
of Jacob Melyn, he sold again, shortly before 
his death, on May 18. 1681. to Samuel Wilson. 
February 19. 1665. Nicholas Carter signed 
the oath of allegiance as one of the eighty 
IClizabethtown associates : and six years later. 
I'ebruary 28. 1671. formed a part of the special 
court of oyer and terminer, impaimeled and 
iirganizcd by (lovernor Carteret to try Joseph 
.Meeker and Hurr Tomson for the pulling 
down of Richard Michel's fence, and on May 
16 following was a member of the first jury 
that ever sat in Elizabethtown and which aftei 
being sent out three times "declared to the 
Court that the matter Committed to them 
( Ca])tain I lackett's guilt in not paying customs 
dues in Elizabethtown instead of New York) 
is of too great waight for them and desires the 
Court to make Choice of other Jurymen." Sep- 
tember II. 1673, he took the oath of allegiance 
to the Dutch during tlicir brief reconquest of 
New Nctherland : and October 22. 17^15. he 



received the warrant of the survey of his 360 
acres; and November 8, 1681, Robert ]\[oss 
and William Brodwell filed the inventory of 
his estate, valuing it at £64. 19 shillings, 8 
pence. On the following November 14 letters 
of administration were granted to Nicholas's 
son John. 

It is not known whom Nicholas Carter mar- 
ried, but authorities are almost unanimous in 
saying that she was a relative of Robert Wat- 
son, of Windsor. Connecticut. By her Nicho- 
las had four children of record, there may have 
been more. These children were : I.Nicholas, 
referred to below. 2. John, undoubtedly his 
eldest son. and as he took the oath of allegiance 
to the Dutch with his father in 1673, must have 
then been over twenty-one. March 28, 1676, 
he received warrant for survey of his sixty 
acres: November 14. 1681, he was appointed 
administrator of his father's estate; August 
18. 1682, he gave his fellow-bondsmen, Samuel 
March and James Hinde. a mortgage on his 
house and 190 acres of upland "to hold them 
harmless for being his bondsmen." In this last 
record he is styled "carpenter of Elizabeth- 
town." 3. Samuel Carter, remaining son of 
Nicholas, was Cjuite a celebrated character in 
the disputes which arose between the pro- 
prietors and the associates, especially in 1699- 
1700, in the first of which years he was ad- 
mitted to the second generation of Associates, 
with first lot rights and chosen one of the 
assistant surveyors under John Harriman. 
junior. 4. Elizabeth, only recorded daughter 
of Nicholas Carter, married John Radley, or 
Ratcliffe. August 6, 1681, shortly before her 
father's death. 

(II) Nicholas (2). son of Nicholas (i) 
Carter, the emigrant, is said to have been born 
in Newtown. Long Island, in 1658. the date being 
calculated from March 25, 1669, when his 
father apprenticed hiin to Richard Paynter, a 
tailor who had come to Elizabethtown from 
New York. As Paynter removed again to 
New York in 1670 and later to Southampton, 
where he was as late as 1679, Nicholas, Jr., 
either had a very short apprenticeship or did 
more travelling than usually fell to the lot of 
boys in those days. One clause of his in- 
dentures is well worth c|uoting as showing the 
careful bringing up of children and young men 
in a different age: "UnlawfuU Sports and 
Ciames he shall not use. Taverns or Tipling 
houses hee shall not haimt or frequent, his 
Master's (ioods he shall not Imbezle purloin or 
by any imlawfuU means diminish or Impair, 
his Masters .Secrets he >hall not disclose." De- 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



143 



ceinbcr 10. 1687, Nicholas and his brother 
Samuel, both styled of Elizabethtown, mort- 
gage to Thomas Osborn, a tanner of the same 
place, seven acres of meadow ; January 28, 
i688, David Smith, another tanner, of Eliza- 
bethtown, deeds back to Samuel Carter the 
thirty-two acres he had previously bought of 
both Samuel and Nicholas, in which deed it is 
stated that both of the Carter brothers were 
at that time in England. When Nicholas re- 
turned, if he ever did so, is unknown, as is 
also the location of his final settling place, for 
the deed above referred to is the last record 
found of him up to now. He apparently left 
no will, and the names of his wife and chil- 
ilren are also unknown, except for the fact 
that family tradition is responsible for the 
statement that Barnabas, who is referred to 
below is his son. Henry Wliittemore's con- 
jecture is that "either Nicholas or Samuel are 
supposed to have removed to Morris county, 
as the Carters are mentioned among the early 
settlers of the township of W'hippanong, con- 
stituted in 1700" * * * and that Barna- 
bas was probably a son of Benjamin, the first 
of the name mentioned in connection with 
i\Iorris county. Charles Carroll Gardner's 
supposition is that Barnabas "may have been 
a son of Samuel." The family tradition that 
Barnabas was son of Nicholas appears to fit 
in best with the evidence from later genera- 
tions given below, and is therefore adopted 
here. 

(HI) Barnabas, traditional son of Nicholas 
(2) Carter, of Elizabethtown, was born about 
1680, and died in Hanover, Morris county, in 
October, 1748. An old road record of 1728 shows 
that at that time he owned and lived on a farm 
near Salem, Union township, which was then in 
the borough of Elizabethtown. Shortly after this 
he moved to Morris county and built himself a 
grist mill on the Passaic river, near the present 
town of Chatham. He is also said to have 
been the "first settler in those parts, and to 
have owned the first land there and also the 
first grist mill." In his will, dated October I, 
2ist George H. (1748), proved October 19, 
1748, he leaves to "Barnabas Carter, my loving 
son, one fourth of my natural meadow on the 
Passaic river," and also appoints hnn one of 
his executors. "To my loving son Benjamin 
Carter," the other executor, he leaves "a sar- 
taiti Peace or parcell of Land and swampy 
ground at the South West corner of my land 
by Passaic river running easterly along my 
land so far as it is swanipy thence bearing 
northwesterlv so as to contain all that is now 



within lifence as the ffence Now Runs, also all 
my land that lyeth on the West side of the 
R(jad, also my grist mill with the privileges of 
the stream and pond so long as the said mill 
shall stand without rebuilding and also one 
fourth of my meadow. To my loving son 
Luke Carter I bequeath one fourth of my 
meadow and also all remainder of my land 
by Passaic except one fourth part of the said 
river meadow. To my loving son Nathaniel 
Carter I bequeath one fourth part of my 
Natural River Meadow with all the Remainder 
of my Lands and my House. To my grandson 
Simon Hall, I give one yoke of oxen and three 
cows and hoops and boxes for a cart one 
graught chain and my horse gears plows and 
harrow and one narrow ax also one feather 
bed rug and furniture. To my loving children 
and grandchildren I bequeath all the remainder 
of mv personal estate, one sixth to Barnabas, 
one si.xth to Benjamin, to Luke one sixth, to 
Nathaniel one si.xth, to my daughter Mary 
Wines one sixth and to my loving grand- 
children Susanna and Sarah Hall one sixth 
at eighteen years of age." The will is wit- 
nessed by Jeremiah Genungand Stephen Ward. 
Besides these six children mentioned above 
(Barnabas, Benjamin, Luke, Nathaniel and 
two daughters ) the family tradition is that he 
had another son Nehemiah, and that all of the 
sons except Nathaniel (referred to below) 
migrated to New Orleans. It is much more 
probable however that the Nehemiah Carter 
who went south was a cousin, and not a 
brother to Barnabas's children, as the records 
give the date of his migration as between 1770 
and 1775. He is probably the son of Nicholas 
Carter, who died in October or November. 
1770. leaving children; .-\braham, Nehemiah, 
Moses, Nicholas, David, Reuben, Comfort and 
Kezia, and a widow Susanna. Barnabas, son 
of Barnabas Carter, died in 1822. leaving a 
daughter Betsey, and two grandsons, Barnabas 
Robert Carter and Azel Clisbey Carter, sons of 
a deceased son William. The Mr. Wines who 
married Mary, daughter of Barnabas Carter, 
was a great-grandson of Barnabas Wines, the 
Elizabethtown Associate, and a descendant 
of (joodman Barnabas W'ines, of W^atertown, 
Massachusetts, who married the sister of John 
Benjamin of Watertown (see Benjamin 
family). 

(I\') Nathaniel, fourth son of Barnabas 
Carter, was born about 171 5, and spent most 
of his life at Hanover. He married Hannah 
Price, of Elizabethtown: children: i. Phebe, 
married, July 13. 1738. Michael A'anwinkle. 2. 



144 



STATE OF NEW fERSEY. 



Anna, married (first) I'eter Beach, (second) 
in 1778, Daniel Ball, of Hanover. 3. Aaron 
Carter, referred to below. 4. Eunice, born 
about 1745 ; married (first) July 31, 1774, David 
Lee, vvlio died in 1780; married (second) Job 
Coleman. 5. Rhoda, baptized in Presbyterian 
church at Hanover, November 19, 1749; mar- 
ried Jose])h King. 6. Lois, baptized January 
12, 1752: married. May 19, 1782, Nathaniel 
Willis, a widower with several children, and 
had by him herself two children : Hannah, 
baptized April 27, 1783: and Harvey, baptized 
June 5, 1785. 7. Sarah Carter, born April 18, 
1756; married Thomas Brown, of Newark. 
8. Hannah, died unmarried. 

(V) Aaron, son of Nathaniel and Hannah 
(Price) Carter, was born April 30, 1744, and 
died between July 27 and September 27, 1804, 
the dates of the execution and proving of his 
will. He lived at L'nion Hill, Morris county, 
and married Elizabeth, daughter of Caleb 
Davis, and Ruth, daughter of Joseph Bruen. 
Caleb was the son of Caleb, grandson of Jona- 
than, great-grandson of Thomas, and great- 
great-grantlson of Thomas Davis, of Hartford, 
1646, Connecticut colony, 1648, Newark, 1666, 
who died about i6gi and had for his second 
wife the widow of John Ward the Dish-turner 
(see Ward family). Aaron and Elizabeth 
(Davis) Carter had children: i. Hannah. 2. 
Lewis, born 1778; sergeant in Captain Brit- 
tin's company, of the regiment stationed at 
Sandy Hook, under Colonel John Frelinghuy- 
sen, during the war of 1812. 3. Mary, or Polly, 
married Samuel Condit, innkeeper at Chatham. 
4. Caleb, referred to below. 5. Aaron. 6. 
Sarah. 

(VI) Caleb, son of Aaron and Elizabeth 
(Davis) Carter, was born at Union Hill, 
Morris county, February 28, 1782, and died 
at Newark, August i, 1847. About 1800 he 
went to Newark and learned the business of 
carriage painting, and was one of the pioneers 
in the carriage manufacturing business, doing 
an extensive trade with the south. Llis name 
appears on the muster roll of Captain Bald- 
win's company in 1802, and he was also active 
in politics, being identified with the Whig 
])arty, and being appointed by Governor Will- 
iam S. Pennington a magistrate of Newark. 
January 12, 1805, Caleb Carter married Phebe, 
daughter of Jotham, son of David Johnson 
and Eunice, daughter of Robert, granddaugh- 
ter of Deacon Azariah, and great-granddaugh- 
ter of Jasper Crane of Newark (see Crane 
family). David Johnson was son of Nathaniel 
Johnson and Sarah Ogden, grand.son of Eli- 



])halet, and great-grandson of Thomas John- 
son, who was one of the committee of eleven 
who represented the towns of Milford, Guil- 
ford and Branford in arranging for the settle- 
ment of Newark. Thomas Johnson was son 
(jf Robert, who came to New Haven from 
Hull, England. Caleb and Phebe (Johnson) 
Carter had children: i. Elizabeth, born April 
12, 1806, died unmarried, January 8, 1887. 
2. Harriet, March 2, 1808, died unmarried, De- 
cember 12, 1 89 1. 3. ]\Iary, born May 4, 18 10; 
married Horace H. Nichols: left no children. 

4. James Johnson, August 9, 181 2, died No- 
vember, 1875. 5. Horace, October 17, 1814, 
died December 10, 1894. 6. Aaron, referred 
to below. 7. Catharine Parkhurst, born Sep- 
tember 7, 1819; married Jeremiah D. Poinier. 
8. Almira, November 13, 1822, died December 
14, 1888. 9. Anne Beach, October 3, 1825, 
died June 8, igo6, being the last surviving 
child. 10. Phebe. born February 20, 1828, died 
in June, 1901. 

(VII) Aaron, sixth child and third son of 
Caleb and Phebe (Johnson) Carter, was born 
in Newark, January 17, 1817, and died at his 
home on Tremont avenue, Orange, January 31, 
1902, after an illness of a week, from pneu- 
monia. He is said to have been "a remark- 
ably fine man, of delightful personality, warm- 
hearted, kind, strict and careful in his busi- 
ness, of exact and careful methods, and judg- 
ment keen and accurate. His thorough prac- 
ticality did not make him hard and cold, and 
in him were happily blended the keen and 
practical man of business, the genial gentle- 
man, and the warm hearted Christian." After 
receiving his education at Fairchild's boarding 
school at Mendham, then one of the best 
schools in the state, he returned home and was 
regularly indentured to the firm of Taylor & 
Baldwin, manufacturing jewelers, who it is 
said are "entitled to the credit of first winning 
extended fame for Newark handiwork in the 
jewelry business." November 18, 1841, with 
two young associates, Aaron Carter founded 
the business with which he has been so promi- 
nently identified ever since, and which for 
more than a generation has been in the fore- 
front of the jewelry manufacturing trade in 
tliis country. This first firm was known as 
Pennington, Carter & Doremus, the senior 
member being a nephew of Governor William 

5. Pennington. Later Mr. Pennington with- 
drew, and for some time the firm ran as Carter 
& Doremus, and after the withdrawal of Mr. 
Doremus as the firm of Aaron Carter, Jr. 
( )ther cJiauges in the personnel of the firm were 






^7&2 






STATE OF NEW lERSEY 



145 



made indii time tu tinu-, but Mr. Carter was 
always the leading spirit and senior member, 
whether it was Carter, Beamans & Pierson : 
Carter & Pierson : Carter, Pierson & Hale ; 
Carter, Hale & Company; Carter, Howkins & 
Uodd ; Carter, Howkins & Sloan : Carter, 
Sloan & Company ; Carter, Hastings & Howe 
or as it became January I, 1902, about a month 
before Mr. Carter's death. Carter, Howe & 
Company. When he died Mr. Carter was the 
iiklest representative of the jewelry industry 
in Newark, which was then a century old, his 
own employer, Taylor being second in the line 
of succession from Epaphras Hinsdale, who 
founded the business in 1801. Through the 
various financial reverses of half a century, 
.Mr. Carter maintained the credit of his firm 
and never failed to meet on time any of his 
business obligations. No one of all the old- 
time manufacturers preserved a "cleaner rec- 
ord for honor, uprightness and business prob- 
ity." and he has left a "name unsullied by a 
single act which could ever reflect adversely 
on him or his associates," and he has educated 
others up to the same high standards that regu- 
lated his own life. 

Mr. Carter was also a director in the New- 
ark City liank from its organization in 185 1, 
a manager of the Howard Savings Institution 
since 1866. a member of the original board of 
directors of the Prudential Life Insurance 
Company, and at the time of his death a mem- 
ber of the loss committee and chairman of the 
auditing committee, and also a director in the 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company of New York. 
He was a large stockholder in the Bombay 
(India) Tramway Company, of which for 
many years he was chairman of the board of 
trustees. Besides these interests Mr. Carter 
was connected with the Jewelers' Circular, a 
periodical devoted to the interests of the 
jewelry trade, and was a trustee and much 
interested in the New Jersey Industrial School 
for (iirls at Trenton. Mr. Carter was origin- 
ally a Whig, but after the disruption of that 
party and the organization of the Republican 
party he joined the latter, took great interest 
in its success, and was for many years one of 
its most zealous supporters. At one time he 
received the Republican nomination for the 
assembly but the district at that time being 
overwhelmingly Democratic, he was defeated. 
.'\t first Mr. Carter was a member of the old 
First Presbyterian Church of Newark, and 
helped to organize the South Park Church, of 
which he was one of the first elders, remaining 
such until 1856, when he removed to New 



York, after his second marriage, when he 
united with the Madison Square Presbyterian 
Church, of which under Dr. Adams he was an 
elder until 1864. In that year he removed to 
Orange and purchased the eight acres and 
homestead which formed his home for the 
remainder of his life. Subsequently he en- 
larged and remodeled the house and made 
many improvements, especially enclosing the 
whole property with an evergreen hedge. Mr. 
Carter now united with the \ alley Congrega- 
tional Church, owing to its convenient near- 
ness to his residence, and here he became trus- 
tee and deacon, and labored for the advance- 
ment of the church until 1887, when he with- 
drew to assist in the organization of the Hill- 
side Presbyterian Church, of which he became 
and remained until his death an elder. 

.Aaron Carter married (first) August 30, 
1843, Elizabeth Camp Tuttle, daughter of 
William Tuttle and Hannah Camp, and grand- 
daughter of Nathaniel Camp. By this mar- 
riage he had two children : William Tuttle 
Carter, referred to below; and Elizabeth Jo- 
sephine Carter, born December, 185 1, died 
April, 1852. Mr. Carter married (second) Oc- 
tober I, 1856, Sarah Sw'ift Trow, daughter of 
John Franklin Trow, founder of the Trow's 
Directory of New York, and of Catharine 
Swift, his wife. By this marriage Aaron Car- 
ter had three more children : John Franklin 
Carter, born October 21, 1864; married, June 
7, 1893, Alice Schermerhorn Henry; children: 
i. Henry, born May 8. 1894; ii. Sarah Swift, 
August 20. 1895 ; iii. John Franklin, April 27, 
1897; 'V- Percival, March 8, 1900; v. Paul 
Schermerhorn, September 14, 1903. John 
Franklin Carter, graduated from Yale in 1888, 
and from the Cambridge Divinity School 
(Episcopal) in 1891 ; in 1892 was made deacon 
by Bishop Worthington, and in 1893 priest by 
Bishop Potter, of New York; 1891 to 1893 he 
was assistant at St. George's (Thurch, New 
York City; 1893 to 1900 rector of St. Mark's, 
Fall River, Alassachusetts, and since 1900 
rector of St. John's, W'illiamstown, Massachu- 
setts. Henry Ernest Trow Carter was the 
second son of Aaron Carter and his second 
wife, and Herbert Swift Carter, the remaining 
son, is referred to below. 

(YIII) William Tuttle, eldest son of Aaron 
and Elizabeth Camp (Tuttle) Carter, was born 
in Newark, September 28, 1849, ^"d is now 
living in that city. From 1862 to 1864 he 
attended the Newark Academy, and then went 
to Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts, 
where he graduated in 1867, and the following 



146 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



tall entered Princeton L'niversity, from which 
he graduated in 1 87 1. He then went into his 
father's tirm. at that time known as Carter, 
Howkins & Dodd, and in 1876 became a mem- 
ber of the firm, when the name was changed 
to Carter, Howkins & Sloan. Here he remain- 
ed until 1880, when he set up in business for 
himself. In 1886 he returned to his father's 
firm, then Carter, Sloan & Company, and has 
remained there ever since, through its changes 
in 1896 to Carter, Hastings & Howe, and in 
1902, to Carter, Howe & Company, its present 
name. He is a member of L^nion Lodge, No. 
II, ]•". and A. AI., Orange; of the New Jersey 
Historical Society, the Washington Head- 
quarters .\ssociation, the Essex Club; anil the 
Lawyers' and Railroad clubs of New York. 
He is also serving as trustee of the Newark 
Academy ; manager of the Howard Savings 
Institution ; director of the Prudential Insur- 
ance Company; director of the American In- 
surance Company, of Newark ; and an elder in 
the First Presbyterian Church in Newark. 

June 2, 1875, William Tuttle Carter married 
Sophia Abigail, third child and eldest daughter 
of Stephen Hayes and Sophia LaRue (King) 
Condict. Children; i. William Tuttle Carter, 
Jr., born in Newark. July 10, 1876: graduated 
from Newark Academy, 1894, and from 
Princeton University, 1898; read law with 
Hon. John R. Hardin, and was admitted to the 
bar of New Jersey in 1901. 2. Elizabeth Con- 
dict Carter, born December 22, 1880. 3. Jo- 
seph Nelson Carter, born September 25, 1882; 
graduated from Newark Academy 1900, and 
fr(jm Princeton University, 1904; now in busi- 
ness in firm of Carter, Howe & Company. 4. 
Kenneth King Carter, born October 15, 1895. 

(VIII) Herbert Swift, youngest child of 
Aaron and Sarah Swift (Trow) Carter, was 
born in Orange, September 19, 1869, and is 
now a practicing ])hysician in New York City. 
His mother's mother was the daughter of Dr. 
Nathaniel Swift, a practicing physician of 
Andover, Massachusetts. Herbert Swift Car- 
ter attended private schools and was then put 
under private tutors until he was ready for St. 
Paul's .School, Garden City, New York ; after 
leaving which he went to the Lawrenceville 
.•\cademy. to the Dearborn Morgan School, 
and graduated from Princeton University in 
1892. He then entered the College of Physi- 
cians and .Surgeons, New York City, and re- 
ceived his M. D. degree from there in 1895. 
For the next two years he was one of the 
internes at the Presbyterian Hospital, New 
York, and after that for three months at the 



Sloane Hospital. Immediately after his mar- 
riage, in 1898, he went to Europe and attended 
the lectures at the University of Berlin. Com- 
ing back to New York City, he set up in gen- 
eral practice and has specialized on general 
internal medicine. He is attending physician 
to the Lincoln Hospital, and chief of the 
medical clinic, Presbyterian Hospital, New 
^'ork City ; a member of the New York Acad- 
eni)- of Aledicine, the Society of Internal Medi- 
cine, the Society of the Alumni of the Presby- 
terian Hospital, the Quiz Medical Society. He 
is a communicant of the Protestant Episcopal 
t_ hurch. 

January 12, 1898, Herbert Swift Carter 
married, in South Orange, Mabel Stewart 
Pettit, second child and eldest daughter of 
John and Alida R. (Stewart) Pettit. who was 
born January 25, 1875. They have three chil- 
flren : Alida Stewart Carter, born October 26, 
1898; Herbert .Swift Carter, Jr., September 
30, 1900: and .Alan Carter, born July 29. 1904. 



The des Marets, des Marest 
l)lvM.\RE.ST* or Demarest family have 
their origin in Beauchcamp, 
a little village of Picardy in France, about 
twenty-two miles west of the city of Amiens, 
where for centuries the family has been very 
numerous and highly respectable. David des 
Marest, Sieur le Feret, of Oisemont, held many 
high offices in the state and was an influential 
elder in the French Protestant church. His 
son .Samuel, theologically known as Maresius, 
was professor of theology at Groningen and a 
voluminous controversial writer. His sons 
Daniel and Henri were preachers, and with 
the aid of their father prepared the finest edi- 
tion of the French Bible that has ever been 
l)ublished. The exact relationshij) of these 
des Marests to the emigrant to the new world 
has not been ascertained, but there can be 
little doubt that they all belong to the same 
family. Jean des Marets was a Huguenot, who 
with his family had sought a refuge in Hol- 
land, settling at Middleburg, on the island of 
Walchcren. Zeeland. His son David is referred 
to below. 

(I) David, son of Jean des Marets, was 
married in Middleburg, where he resided for 
some time afterwards, having two children 
born to him there. In 1631 he removed with 
his family to ]\Ianiiheim-on-thc-Rhine, the 
chief city of the Lower Palatinate, whither the 
Huguenots were at this time going from vari- 



'We preserve In each Deman^st iiar 
form of family names. 



STATE OF NEW [ERSEY. 



147 



Dus parts ill great numbers invited and en- 
couraged by the Elector Charles Lewis, who 
offered great inducements for them to settle in 
his dominions. In Mannheim at least two and 
probably three more children were born to 
David des Marets. His hopes of a permanent 
peaceful home here, however, was doomed to 
disappointment owing to the threatening con- 
ditions of the religious wars and David des 
Marest determined to emigrate to America. 
He was now in the prime of life, about forty 
years old, and with his family at that time 
consisting of his wife and four children of 
eighteen, eleven, six and one years old, he em- 
barked for New Netherlands on board of the 
"Bontecou" or "Spotted Cow," which reached 
New Amsterdam, April 16, 1663. Immediately 
on his arrival, he joined the Huguenot colony 
on Staten Island, a little south of the Narrows, 
and in the following year, 1664, was chosen 
as one of two delegates from Staten Island to 
the New Netherlands provincial assembly, 
which met to consider the state of the province 
just before its surrender to the British. After 
a residence of two years on Staten Island, 
David Demarest bought property in New Har- 
lem and removed thither in the autumn of 
1665. He afterwards added several lots of 
land to his original purchase and for the next 
twelve and a half years made his home there. 
His life there, however, does not seem to have 
been a happy one, and finally, after an unsuc- 
cessful resistance to the tax for the slavery of 
the Dutch voorleser, he removed to a tract of 
land which he had bought on the Hackensack 
river in Bergen county, -New Jersey, which 
was known as the I'Vench patent and where 
he_ hoped to establish a colony of the French 
refugees to the new world. This land was 
purchased from the Indians in 1677, but owing 
to the fact that it lay partly in the province of 
New York and partly in the colony of New 
Jersey, and to other circumstances, Demarest 
had considerable trouble establishing his claim 
to the land and procuring a valid title from the 
provincial government and it is said that before 
he finally came into peaceable and undisputed 
[lossession he had to pay for it four times 
over. Hither. David Demarest and a number 
of other Huguenot families removed in 1686, 
and here he found a final resting place, where 
he died in 1693. 

July 24, 1643, David Demarest married in 
Middleburg. ^larie, daughter of Francois 
Sohier. of Nieppe. a town of Hainault, thirteen 
miles east from Hazebrook. Their children 
were: i. Jean, baptized April 14. 1645; <^'^<i 



in 1719; see sketch. 2. Francois, born in 1647; 
died young. 3. David, baptized June 22, 1649. 
ilied in infancy. 4. David, referred to below. 
5. Samuel, born 1656; died 1728; married 
Maria Dreuns or De Ruine. 6. A child, born 
1662, in Mannheim; died in America, in 1664. 
7. Daniel, born at Harlem, baptized in New 
Amsterdam, July 7, liMi. and died in Harlem, 
January 8, 1672. 

(II) David (2), son of David (i) and 
Marie (Sohier) Demarest, was born in Mann- 
heim-on-the-Rhine, in the Lower Palatinate, in 
1652, and died on the Hackensack French 
patent in 1691, about two years before his 
father. He was a farmer and the location of 
his land was on the east of the Hackensack, 
near where Schraalenburgh afterwards grew 
up. April 4. 1675, David Demarest, Jr., mar- 
ried Rachel, daughter of Pierre Cresson, an- 
other French refugee, who after his death 
married (second) Jean Durie or Du Rij. Their 
children were: i. David, baptized February 
19, 1676; (lied 1768; married Sara, daughter 
of the Rev. Guillaume Bertholf, the first Dutch 
Reformed pastor of the province of New Jer- 
sey. 2. Peter, baptized April 21, 1677; died 
probably in infancy. 3. Susanna, baptized 
April 7, 1679; married (first) Pieter Lub- 
bert.se Westervelt, and (second) William 
Teller. 4. Rachel, baptized June 4. 1680 ; died 
before 1710: married Andries Janse Van Nor- 
den. 5. Jacobus, baptized October 30, 1681 ; 
see sketch. 6. Samuel, married Sitsche Sibase 
Banta. 7. Mary, married Wiert Banta. 8. 
Daniel, referred to below. 9. Benjamin, mar- 
ried Elizabeth de Groot. 10. Jacomina, mar- 
ried .\ndries Louwrens van Boskirk. 11. Lea. 
married Rynier \'an Houten. 12. Lydia. mar- 
ried .Stephen Albertse Terheun. 

(III) Daniel, the eighth child and fifth son 
of David (2) and Rachel (Cresson) Demarest. 
was born in Bergen county. New Jersey, in 
1685. and was living in 1753. In 1731 he was 
one of the deacons of the newly formed 
Schrealenburgh church, and signed the call to 
that congregation's first pastor, the Rev. 
Georgius Wilhelmus Mancius. The last refer- 
ence to him found in the records is August 5. 
I7^'3. when he witnessed the baptism of his 
granddaughter Rebecca, daughter of his son 
Daniel. Jr.. referred to below. August 2. 1707. 
Daniel Demarest married Rebecca, daughter 
of Pieter DeGroot. and sister to the first wife 
of his brother Jacobus, and to the wife of his 
brother Benjamin. Their children were: i. 
David, baptized July 4, 1708: married Antie 
Christie. 2. Belitje, baptized November 21, 



h8 



STATE OF XKW IKRSKY 



1709; married I'ieter Oiitwater. 3. Lea, bap- 
tized September 23. 171 1. 4. Rachel, baptized 
September 2;^. 171 1; married Abraliam Abra- 
hamse lilauvelt. 5. Pieter, referred to below. 
6. Samuel, baptized February 7, 1719; married 
Maria Banta. 7. Jacobus, baptized February 
15, 1721: died November 21, 1794; married 
I-'evtje \'ander Linde. 8. Lea, baptized No- 
vember 3. 1723; married Samuel Samuelse 
Demarest. 9. Jacob, baptized July 20, 1728. 
10. Daniel, Jr. 11. .Susanna, born 1716: mar- 
ried Johannes Peek. 12. Martje, born 1718. 

(IV) Pieter, fifth child and second son of 
Daniel and Rebecca (De(jroot) Demarest, was 
born in Hackcnsack, September 21, 1714, and 
was baptized there the following ( Jctober 2. 
He died in July, 1770. October 21, 1735. he 
married (first) Osseltjin N'ander Linde. born 
February, 17 19; died September 13, 1748, hav- 
ing borne her Juusband six children : i . Daniel, 
born November 30, 1736: died l-'ebruary 4, 
1760. 2. Pieter, referred to below. 3. Re- 
becca, February 21, 1741 : married Samuel 
Benjaminse Demarest. 4. (ieesje, September 
13, 1744: died March 31, 1824; married. 
Jacubus Durie. 5. David, November 22, 1746: 
married Joanna Kip, and died March 17. 1809. 
6. Benjamin, September 13, 1748; died Febru- 
ary 22, 1760. January 23, ijCio. I'ieter Dem- 
arest married ('second) Aimatje \"an Dense, 
who bore him four more children : 7. Daniel, 
born December 15, 1761 : married Santje Peek. 
8. Lena, November 24, 1763: died 1769. 9. 
Osseltje, June 17, 1765 ; married Petrus Durie. 
10. Jacob, September 4, 1767: married Lea 
Peek. 

(V) Pieter (2), second child and son of 
Pieter (i) and Osseltjin (V'ander Linde") 
Demarest, was born July 3, 1739: died Novem- 
ber 1 1, 1804. May 27, 1762, he married Lydia, 
born .August 3, 1744; baptized at Hackensack 
the following .September 2; died .\ugust 15, 
1823, daughter of Garrit Hoppe and llend- 
rickje Ter Hune. Their children were: i. 
I'ieter, born November 19, 1764. see forward. 
2. Ciarret, born June i, 1768: died December 4. 
'7^^- 3- (Garret, November 26, 1770: died 
.August 24. 1792, unmarried. 4. Daniel. May 
15, 1774: died March 13, 1785. 5. Ffendrikc. 
l-'ebruary 15, 1785; died February 10. 1792. 

(VT) Pieter (3), the eldest child and son 
of Pieter (2) and Lydia (Hoppc) Demarest, 
was liorn November 19, 1764; baptized at 
.Schraalenburgh, November 25, following, and 
died January 15, 1847. May 30, 1796, he mar- 
ried I.ea. born January 23, 1771 : died October 
2, 1832, daughter of Gerrit Jacobse and Jaco- 



mina (Helms) Demarest, and granddaughter 
of Jacobus Davidse and Margrietje Cosyns 
(Herring) Demarest. Her grandmother, the 
second wife of Jacobus Davidse Demarest, 
was the daughter of Tennis Helms and Mar- 
grietje Blauvelt. The only child of Pieter and 
Lea ( Demarest ) Demarest was Daniel, re- 
ferred to below. 

(\'ll) Daniel, the only child of Pieter and 
Lea ( Demarest) Demarest, was born May 16, 
1 791 ; baptized at Schraalenburgh, June 3, fol- 
lowing, and died November, 1822. November 
29, 1810. he married Lea, born January 6, 
1796; baptized at Schraalenburgh, February 
13, following: died May 10, 1872, daughter of 
Isaac Albertse and Margaret Davidse (Durie) 
liogert, and granddaughter of .Albert Isaacse 
and Lea Jacobse (Demarest) Bogert, and of 
David Janse Durie and Margaret Cornelise 
\'an Hoorn, and great-granddaughter of Isaac 
and Lea (Demarest) Bogert, of David Davidse 
Demarest and Margrietje .Abramse Heering, 
of Jan Durie and .\ngenietje Janse Bogert and 
of Cornelis \an Hoorn and Maria Demarest. 
The children of Daniel and Lea (Bogert) Dem- 
arest were: I. Lea, born September 16, 181 1 ; 
died .August 11, 1819. 2. Isaac, January 20, 
1814: died October 7, 1893: married [Margaret 
\ an W'agener. 3. Peter, July 14, 1816: died 
November 14, 1894; unmarried. 4. David, re- 
ferred to below. 5. Garret. .August 23, 182 1 ; 
died -April 23, 1877: married Maria Demarest. 

(\TII) David, fourth child and third son 
of Daniel and Lea (Bogert) Demarest, was 
born July 30, 1819: bajjtized .September 5. 
1819; died June 21,. 1898. He was a clergy- 
man of the Reformed church, and pastor suc- 
cessively at l'"latbush, L'lster county, New 
A'ork; New I'runswick, New Jersey, and at 
Hudson, New York, from 1841 to 1865. From 
1865 until the date of his death. 1898, he was 
the [irofessor of practical theology in the New 
lirunswick Theological .Seminary. He was the 
author of many articles and pam])hlets, and 
some books, among which should be mentioned, 
"The History and Characteristics of the Re- 
formed Church," published in 1856, and reach- 
ing its fourth edition in 1898; the "Huguenots 
on the Hackensack." a paper read before the 
Huguenot Society of .America in 1886, and 
later reijublished ; the "Lectures on Pastoral 
Theology," published in 1895; and the follow- 
ing works published between i8f)0 and 1898: 
"Notes on the Constitution of the Reformed 
Church," and "Lectures on Liturgies." .Au- 
gust 19, 1846, David Demarest married Cath- 
arine I.ouisa, daughter of James .Schureman 



STATE OF XKW IKRSRV. 



149 



and Catharine ( Pollicimis ) Xeviiis. and grand- 
daiigliter of the Rev. Henry Polhemus. Her 
father was a justice of the supreme court of 
New Jersey. The children of David and Cath- 
arine Louisa (Xevius) Demarest were: i. 
Leah, now Mrs. Graham Taylor. 2. fames 
Schureman Xevius. 3. Catharine Louisa, now 
.Mrs. OHver Davidson. 4. ]\Iary Arthur, im- 
married and living with her brother in Xew 
Brunswick. 5. .Mfred Howard, who died Xo- 
vember 3. IQ04. ^ \\'illiam Henry Steele, re- 
ferred to below. /T Stephen DuBois, who died 
December 11, 1894. 

I IX) William Henry Steele, the sixth child 
and third son of David and Catharine Louisa 
(Xevius) Demarest, was born at Hudson, Xew 
York, May 12, 1863, and is now living in Xew 
Brunswick. Xew Jersey. He graduated from 
Rutgers College Preparatory School in 1879: 
from Rutgers College in 1883, with the degree 
of .\. B., and from the Xew Brunswick Theo- 
logical Seminary in 188S. In 1886 he received 
from Rutgers College the degree of M. A., 
and in 1901 the degree of D. D. From 1883 
to 1886 he was a teacher in the Rutgers College 
Preparatory School, and since 1888 has been 
a clergyman of the Dutch Reformed cliurch. 
I'^rom 1888 to 1897 he was pastor at W'alden, 
Xew York: from 1897 to 1901 pastor at Cats- 
kill. .\cw York. From 1901 to 1906 he occu- 
pied the chair of church history and govern- 
ment at the Xew Brunswick Theological Semi- 
nary, from 1905 to 1906 being also the acting 
president of Rutgers College. In 1906 he was 
chosen as the ])resident of Rutgers College, and 
still occupies that position. His clubs are the 
L'niversity Club, of Xew York City : the Rut- 
gers Club, of Xew ISrunswick: the Delta Phi, 
Greek letter college fraternity : the Phi Beta 
Kappa Society; the Huguenot Society of 
.\merica ; the Holland Society, of Xew York. 
Dr. Demarest is unmarried. 



.For first generation see preceding sketch). 

( II ) Jean, eldest child of 
DFM.KRFST David and Maria ( Sohier ) 
des Marest, was born in 
Middleburg, Zealand, Xetherlands, and bap- 
tized there in the Reformed church of that 
city, .April 14. 1645. He immigrated to Xew 
Xetherlands, Xorth .\merica, with his parents 
in 1663. and lived with them on Staten Island, 
Harlem and Hackensack, New Jersey. He 
married I first I in Xew Jersey, September 9, 
1668. Jacoiuiiia Dreuns ( de Ruine), and she 
became the mother of his children: i. David, 
baptized in Xew York, .August 18, 1669: mar- 



ried .\ntjc, daughter of Jan Slot, who died 
tiefore 170^, and his widow married Jonathan 
Hart, of Southhold, Long Island, September 
7. i7or>. 2. John, bajJtized in Xew York, Jmie 

18. 1(171 : married Deborah -; removed 

to .\pough(|uinsing, Chester county, I'ennsyl- 
vania. 3. Alary, married (first) a Mr. Ely; 
( second ) Jocobus, eldest son of Peter Slot. 
4. Sarah, baptized in New York, October 12, 
i'i75 ; married Abram Canon, 5. Simon, bap- 
tized in Xew York, November 22, 1677; he 
probably died in infancy. 6. Rachel, married 
Thomas Hyer, of .Apoughtjuinsing, Pennsyl- 
vania. .May 9. 1702. 7. Jacomina, baptized in 
Xew York, April 21, 1680; married John 
Stewart, of .Sterling, Scotland, March 29, 1700, 
and lived in Chester county, Pennsylvania. 8. 
Lea. baptized at Bergen, Xew Jersey, April 
18, 1682; married .\bram Brower, March 29, 
1700. 9. Magdalina, married James Christie, 
of Iverdeen. Scotland, September 8, 1703. 10. 
Samuel, ba])tized in Xew York, Xovember 13, 
1687; ])robably died in infancy. 11. Peter, see 
forward. He married (second) Marritje 
(Jacobsel \'an Winkle^ widow of Peter Slot, 
March 2j^. 1692, in Xew York. He married 
(third) .\iagdalen Laurens, widow of Jean 
Tullier. of Hackensack, December 20, 1702. 
He had no children by his last two marriages, 
lie died in Bergen, Xew Jersey. 1719. 

( 111 ) Peter, yuungest child and fifth son of 
Jean and Jaccimina (Dreuns) Demarest, was 
bnrn in llarlem. Xew York, about 1(385. He 
married 1 first ) at Hackensack, Marritje Meet 
( Mead ), May 14, 1702, and ( second) at Hack- 
ensack, Xew Jersey, Maria Batton, October 
15, 1721. i'.y these two marriages he became 
the father of eighteen children, seven by his 
first wife and eleven by his second wife. His 
foiuteenth child David Peter, see forward. 

( l\ ) David Peter, son of Peter and Maria 
I liatton ) Demarest. was baptized at Schraalen- 
burg, Xew Jersey, May 21, 1738. He married 
Hester Brower anil had ten children baptized 
in Hackensack; 1. Peterus, Xovember 23, 
1761 ; died in infancy. 2. Elizabeth, baptized 
July 3. 1763 ; married Jacobus W'estervelt, Sep- 
tember 4, 1789. 3. Peterus, June 8, baptized 
June 23, 1765: married Catalina Benson. 4. 
Maria, baptized .August 2. 1767; married, Xo- 
vember 24, 1786, Matthew Bogart. 5. Abram, 
baptized October 22, 1769; died in infancy. 6. 
Margrietje, baptized July 24, 1771 ; married, 
.April 13, 1 79 1. Christain Stuart, and died 
.Ajiril, 1808. 7. .Abraham, born December 14, 
1773: baptized January i, 1774. 8. John, born 
( )ct(il)er 24, baptized December 24. 1775. at 



'50 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



Schraalenburg, New Jersey; died young. 9. 
David D., see forward. 10. James D., born 
March 9, 1780; was a clergyman of the Dutch 
Reformed church; married, May 15, 1803, 
Elizabeth Marring, of Tappan, New York, and 
died Noveiiiber 7, 1869. 

(\') David D., sixth son and ninth child of 
David Peter and Hester (Brower) Demarest, 
was born in Schraalenburg, New Jersey, 1778; 
died there February 20, 1856. He married, 
.•\pril 16, 1797, Hannah \'an Saun, and they 
had a large family of children, born in 
Schraalenburg, of whom we have the names 
of six: I. Leah, July 22, 1800. 2. David, see 
forward. 3. He.ster, September 28. 1804; died 
in infancy. 4. Hester, Jaiuiary 2~, 1808. 5. 
Maria, August ii, 181 1. d. Samuel, .\pril 26, 
1814- 

(\T) David, eldest son of David D. and 
Hannah ( \'an Saun) Demarest, was born in 
Schraalenburg, New Jersey, August 7, 1802. 
He married Maria, daughter of Peter and 
Jane (Van Houten ) Paulson; children: i. 
Jane Maria, married John A. Van Wagoner. 
2. Abram. married Maria Courter. 3. Peter, 
see forward. 4. Sophia Ann, did not marry. 

5. Catherine, married Garrabrant. 6. 

Ella Levina, born December 20, 1852; married 
(first) John W. Doremus, and had Suda, died 
aged nine months, and Susan, died aged two 
months. Ella Levina (Demarest) Doremus 
married (second), June 25, 1895, Dr. Louis L. 
Ruppert, a ])racticing dental surgeon of Brook- 
Ivn, New York. 

(\'ll ) I'eter, third child and second son of 
David and Maria (Paulson) Demarest, was 
born in I'aterson, New Jersey. He was a life- 
long resident of Paterson, and was an auc- 
tioneer and also conducted a grocery store. He 
sold all kinds of saleable merchandise, as w'ell 
as houses and other real estate, and as he 
spoke the Dutch language fluently, was very- 
popular among the Hollanders who lived in Pat- 
erson. He married Charity Elizabeth Yeoman. 
Children, l)orn in Paterson: i. Catherine, mar- 
ried Benjamin Smolly ; one child, Clarence. 2. 
David, born September 6, 1864; married Eva 
Steele ; children : Elizabeth and David. 3. 
Sanniel, see forward. 4. Mary Adeline, mar- 
ried Oscar Sutton; children: Catherine, Will- 
iam L. and Edward. 

(\'ni) Samuel Yeoman, second son and 
third child of Peter and Charity Elizabeth 
(Yeoman) Demarest, was born in Paterson, 
New Jersey, May 25, 1866. He married. May 
24, 1903, Emma, daughter of Jacob and Maria 
(Fritcher) Harder. He became a dealer in 



butter and eggs and country produce, in part- 
nership with his brother David. At the time 
of forming the partnership, in 1880, he was 
only fourteen years of age, and his brother 
David sixteen years old. The business was 
established in their native village, on Main 
street, and continued with marked success up 
to 1900, when the firm was dissolved, and he, 
the younger brother, withdrew and started in 
the same business on his own account, two 
doors from the old stand. His reputation for 
fair dealing, strict attention to business, and 
personal popularity, among his townspeople 
won him success and a place as a foremost 
merchant of the city of Paterson. He became 
a prominent member of the American Me- 
chanics Association, and was active in the 
various movements that have been made for 
the wcllbeing of his native city. 



( l*'or first generation see David des Marets 1). 

(H) Samuel, fifth son of 
DEMAREST David and Maria (Sohier) 
dcs Alarest. was born in 
Mannheim in the Palatinate on the Rhine in 
1656, and died in Hackensack, New Jersey, 
1728. He came to America with his parents 
and was married to Maria de Ruine (Dreuns) 
and by this marriage he had eleven children 
born in P>ergen county, New Jersey, and in 
Hackensack, New Jersey: i. Alaydalina, bap- 
tized in New York, Ajiril 21, 1680, married 
Cornelius Epha Banta, November i, 1799; she 
died before 1719. 2. David, baptized at Ber- 
gen, New Jersey, October 3, i68i, married 
Alattie, daughter of Joost de Baune, November 
10, 1705. 3. Samuel, married Annetje \'an 
lloorn. .\ugust I. 1713. 4. Peter, married 
Margrietje Cornelse Herring, September 14. 
'^T^7- 5- Jocomina, married (first) Samuel 
Helling (Helm). November 10, 1705; (sec- 
nnd) Cornelius \'an Hoorn (2), July 19, 1710. 
6. Judith, married (first) Christian de Baume. 
January 29, 17CKJ; (second) Peter Du Rej 
iDurie), July 21, 1711. 7. Sarah, ba]3tized 
at Hackensack, March 7, i6(;7; married John 
Westervelt in 1718. 8. Simon, see forward. 
9. Rachel, bajjlized at Hackensack, January 
12. 1701. married Jocobus Peck, October 14, 
1726. 10. .Susaima. baptized in Hackensack, 
April rS, 1703. married I'enjamin Van Bus- 
kirk. March 21, 1725. 11. Daniel, baptized at 
Hackensack, March 25, 1706. 

(HI) Simon, fourth son and eighth child 
of Samuel and Maria (Dreuns) Demarest, was 
baptized in Hackensack, New Jersey, May 21, 
1699. He married, \'rouwtje Cornelise Her- 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



iSi 



ring, December i, 1721, and tliey lived in 
Rockland county, New York. They had chil- 
dren : Samuel, Caroline, Cornelius, Daniel. 
Marta. John. David, see forward ; Peter, Jacol), 
Jacob. 

(I\") David, fifth son and seventh child of 
Simon and V'rouwtje Cornelise (Herring) 
Demarest, was born March i, 1736, probably 
in Schraalenburg. New Jersey. He married 
.Maria Jannetie Davids Campbell, on March 
-7' ^75^' snd they had children: William, 
Simon Davids, see forward ; Elizabeth, Fanny 
and Mary. 

(\') Simon Davids, son of David and Maria 
Jannetie Davids (Campbell) Demarest, was 
l)orn in Schraalenburg, New Jersey, May 12, 
1765, and died there July 17, 1828. He was 
married December 8, 1787. to Hannah Banta, 
who was born November 16, 1768. and died 
.September 10. 1826. Children, born in 
.Schraalenburg: Samuel, Hannah. David S.. see 
fiirward, Jane. 

(\'l) David S.. second son and third child 
of Simon Davids and Hannah (Banta) Dema- 
rest. was born in Schraalenburg, New Jersey, 
.•\ugust 23, 1795, and died there July 4, 1877. 
He married Margaretta Durie, born January 
30, r8o2. died January 17, 1867, and they had 
cliildren, all born in Schraalenburg: i. Simon 
D., who married Margaret Blauvelt in 1840. 
2. Jane, who married John C. Zabriskie in 
1857. 7,. David Durie, who married Salina 
Ward. January 10. 1861. in California. 4. 
Samuel D.. married Catherine V^an Antwerp in 
1852. 5. John D.. wlio did not marry. 6. 
Hannali. born March, 1831. married, Novem- 
ber, i860, Thomas \'. B. Zabriskie. 7. Abra- 
ham S. D. (died young). 8. Abraham S. D. 
I 2d), see forward, g. Cornelius Blauvelt, born 
.May II. 1836: married Annie Young, 1863. 
10. Margaretta. married John G. Banta. May. 
1856. IT. Lsaac D., born Januarv 30. 1840. 
married Eizzie Zabriskie. 

(VW) .Abraham S. D.. eighth child and 
sixth snn of David S. and Margaretta (Durie) 
Demarest. was born in Schraalenburg, New 
Jersey. May 18. 1834. He lived on the old 
homestead up to 1867, except during the 
period 1856-60, when he was in California 
with his brother David. He removed to New- 
burgh. New York, in 1869. where he was en- 
gaged in the music business up to 1876, when 
he took up his residence at Hackensack. New- 
Jersey, and there established a stationery busi- 
ness, subsequently connecting with it the sale 
of pianos and organs. In 1886 he added to the 
business that of undertaking. In 1892 he sold 



out his stationery business, removed to larger 
<|uarters on Main street and devoted himself 
entirely to the undertaking business and the 
sale of pianos and organs. He was made 
treasurer of the Hackensack Alutual lUiilding 
and Loan Association in 1890 and still held 
that responsible office (1909). His church 
affiliation has always been with the Reformed 
Church, and on removing to Hackensack he 
became a member and deacon in the First Re- 
formed Church of that place. He maintained 
an independent position in the political world, 
voting for measures rather than party candi- 
dates. He married. January 17, 1861, Lavina 
Blauvelt, and they have two children : Mar- 
garetta. born in Schraalenburg. New Jersey, 
June. 1863. married Cornelius T. Banta; 
.Sarah Louisa, born in Newburgh, New York, 
in July. 1869, married Frank Banta, a nephew 
of her sister's hu.sband, and has a child, Helen 
Frances, born August 8. 1894. 



1 Fill- ancestry see David iles Marets 1). 

( 1\' ) locobus, diird son 

1;)I':MAREST and fifth child of David 
(2) and Rachel (Cresson) 
Demarest, was baptized in Flatlands, L<)ng 
Island, r)ctober 30, 1681. He married (first), 
March 8. 1707, Lea. daughter of Peter De 
Groot ; (second) Margritje Cozine Herring, 
September 26, 17 19. 

( \' ) Johannis, son of Jocolnis and Mar- 
greitje Cozine (Herring) Demarest, was born 
in Rockland county. New York, August 20. 
1720. and died on February I, 1783. He mar- 
ried Rachel Zabriskie. 

(\ I) James J., son of Johannis and Rachel 
(Zabriskie) Demarest, was born in Rockland 
county. New York, August 20, 1749. He 
married Rachel Smitt. December i, 1774. She 
was born May 19. 1756. and died April 28. 
1823. They lived in Middletown, Rockland 
cotnity. New York. 

l\'ll) Cornelius J., son of James J. and 
Rachel (.Smitt) Demarest, was born in Mid- 
dletown, New York, May 24, 1785, and died 
September 2~. 1863. He married Catherine 
Holdnun. born Ianuar\- ^o, 1788, died .August 
31. 1852. 

(X'll) John C, son of Cornelius J. and 
Catherine ( Holdrum) Demarest, was born in 
Middletown. Rockland county, New York, De- 
cember 31. 181 1, and died in New York City. 
September i. 1880. He married Isabella 
Taulman. He engaged in railroading, and 
was the first conductor to run a train on the 
Erie railway from New York to Suffern, New 



STATE OF XF.W lERSEY, 



^"urk. when that part of the part of the Hne 
was first completed, and later became baggage 
agent in New York, anil still later was em- 
ployed on the Long Island railroad, where he 
was employed at the time of his death. John 
C. and Isabella (Taulman) Demarest had five 
children, born on the old homestead at Middle- 
town. Xew York. 

(IX) Milton, son of John C and Isabella 
( Tanlman ) Demarest. was born at the old 
homestead at Middletown, Rockland county, 
New York. June 8. 1855. His parents re- 
moved to Xew York City in 1856. and removed 
to Xvack. Xew York, where he attended the 
public schools, completing his ]ire])aratory stud- 
ies at the school of Professor William Williams, 
known as Hackensack .Academy, Hackensack, 
Xew Jersey. He then learned the upholster- 
er's trade, and devoted his evenings to the 
study of law, having determined to make the 
practice of that jirofession his life's work. He 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney in the 
June term of the state supreme court, 1877, 
and after the usual three years' practice under 
the Xew Jersey law was admitted as a coun- 
sellor-at-law. He began practice with his 
brc»ther-in-law, Walter Christie, for one year, 
and thereafter was alone up to 1894. when he 
joined a jtartnershi]) with Abram De Ilaun. 
under the firm name of Demarest & De Baun, 
and that law firm is still doing a large and 
growing business in loog. In the S])ring of 
1008 he was appointed judge of the court of 
common pleas and of quarter sessions, and 
also of the orphans' court of Bergen county, 
taking his seat upon the bench April t, 1908. 
His ])olitical affiliation has always been with 
the Republican party, and his religious faith 
that held by the Reformed Church, the 
church home of his ancestors for ten genera- 
tions or more. He was a member of the First 
Reformed Church of I lackensack from early 
youth, and became superintendent of the Sim- 
day school as well as an officer of the church 
organization. His fraternal affiliations include 
Pioneer Lodge Xo. 70. .Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, in which he is a fellow-crafts- 
man, and he also holds membership in Bergen 
County T,odge, Xo. 73, Indei)endent Order of 
Odd Fellows. He is a member of the Holland 
Society of Xew York City by right of descent, 
and in Kps-of) was one of the vice-presidents 
of the society for Bergen county. He organ- 
ized the Bergen coimty branch of the Hollanrl 
Society of Xew York and was its first presi- 
dent. He served as a member of the Board of 
I'.ducation of Hackensack. 1894-1908, and 



president of the board 1901-08. On going on 
the bench he resigned his duties on the Board 
of Education, as he did not wish to serve with- 
out giving the amount of time he had been 
accustomed to devote to the interests of that 
organization for fourteen years. He also 
served as town counsellor for seven years, 
1897-1904, and in 1906 the law firm of Dema- 
rest & De Baun took up the duties of that 
office. 

Judge Demarest married, December 15, 
1880. Carrie W., daughter of Jonathan S. and 
Charlotte (Beemer) Christie, of Hackensack; 
children, born in Hackensack. Xew Jersey : 
Charlotte. May 3, 1888: Carrie I., June 10, 
1890; Edith, Xovember 14, 1891. The mother 
of these children died, and Judge Demarest 
married ( second ) .\deline, widow of Walter 
Christie Bogart. Xo children were born of 
this marriage. 



I Fell- ancestry see David des Marets 1). 

(I\") Daniel (2), tenth 
l)b:.M\REST child and fifth .son of 
Daniel ( i ) and Rebecca 
( De( Iroot ) Demarest, w'as born in Hacken- 
sack, Xew Jersey, and baptized July 20, 1728. 
His will is dated 1802. .August 26, 1753, he 
was admitted with bis wife to membership 
in the church at Schraalenburgh. but ten years 
later he seems to have removed back to Hack- 
ensack. where June 17, 1764, he forms one of 
the consistory of the Hackensack church. He. 
however, removed once more to Schraalen- 
burgh where he was a deacon in 1784, an 
elder in T785, and overseer of the poor in 1788. 
June 9. 1752. Daniel Demarest married (first) 
Cornelia, daughter of Reyk and Marytje 
lliensnu) Lydecker. baptized May 10, 1724. 
Their children were: t. Rebecca, born .August 
1, 1753. died .March to, 1802; married Douws 
K. \\ estervelt. 2. (ierret, referred to below. 
3. \\ eyntje. baptized May 6, 1759. 4. Daniel, 
baptized I'cbruary 22. 1761. Jacobus, bap- 
tized April 3. 1763. 6. Margrietje, baptized 
.March 31. 17(15. 7. Wyntje. 8. Roelof. bap- 
tized June 4. 1769, married Catharine Van 
\ oorhees. 9. Belitje. born May 28, 1772, mar- 
ried John D. Durie. .April 20, 1791, Daniel 
Demarest married (second) Wilma Van \'oor- 
isen, the widow- of John Hoppe. 

( \' ) ( Ierret or ( iarret. second child and eldest 
son of Daniel and Cornelia (Lydecker) Dema- 
rest. was born in Schraalenburgh and baptized 
there February 13. 1757. He lived in Schraal- 
enburgh. whore in 1790 he is recorded as being 
with bis wife .imong the members of the 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



153 



Scliraalenburgh clmrch since 1786. In 1792- 
93-98-Q9 he was one of the deacons of the 
church there, and in the last named year was 
also one of the consistory. July 2, 1800, he 
was succeeded as deacon at Hackensack by 
I'ieter Isaacse Demarest. Lierret Demaresv 
married Angenietje. daughter of David and 
Margrietje ( \'an Hoorn) Durie. Their chil- 
dren were: i. Daniel, referred to below. 2. 
I>avid. born October 14. 1787. 3. David, June 
22, 1791. 4. Cornelia. November 21. 1793. 
5. Margrietje. March 24, 1797. 

( \'I ) Daniel ( 3 ). eldest child of Gerret and 
Angenietje (Durie) Demarest. was born at 
Schraalenburgh. in 1780. and baptized there 
April 21. 1782. He married Elizabeth Ben- 
son, and among their children was John, re- 
ferred to below. 

(VH) John, son of Daniel (3) and Eliza- 
beth (Benson) Demarest, was born near Pat- 
erson, Passaic county. New Jersey, in 1810. 
Me married Anne \'an Buskirk and among 
their children was Daniel, referred to below. 

(\TII) Daniel (4). son of John and Anne 
( \"an Buskirk) Demarest. was born near Pat- 
erson. February 22, 1833, and is now living in 
Montclair, New Jersey. He married Mary C. 
("larrison, born Ajiril 29, 1838, and their chil- 
<lren are: i. Cornelius. lx)rn June 11. 1854, 
died September, 1899: married Belle Christie, 
and left three children: Daniel, Hilda, who 
married Sherman Demarest, and Frederick 
\'an Buskirk. 2. Laura Aleta, February 25, 
i860, married George H. Ackerman and has 
one child. Irma Mae, who married G. Freder- 
ick Johnson, of Crlen Ridge. 3. Benjamin 
( larrison. referred to below. 4. George Mc- 
Eean. December 4. 1874. who married Vivian 
Compton and is now living in Newark. 

(IX) Benjamin Garrison, third child and 
second son of Daniel (4) and Mary C. (Gar- 
rison) Demarest, was born in Passaic, New 
Jersey. June 26, 1867, and is now living in 
^lontclair. He was educated in the Passaic 
high school, and New York University, re- 
ceiving his degree of LT^. M. in 1891, B. S. 
in 1905. M. A. in 1907 and of Ph. D. in 1908. 
He had previously received from Columbia 
University his degree of LL. B. in 1888. He 
was admitted to the New Jersey bar in 1888 
and to the New York bar in 1890, and is now 
practicing his profession in Newark. Mr. 
Demarest is a Republican. He is a member 
of the Graduates' Club of New York, of the 
Holland Society of New York, of the Wed- 
nesday Club, New Jersey Historical Society, 
and the I-awvers" Club of Newark. He is a 



member of Trinity I'resbyteriaii Church in 
Montclair, and a member of the Presbyterian 
Church Extension Committee of the Pre.sby- 
tery of Newark on June 26. 1908; lienjamin 
( iarrison Demarest married in Montclair, Cor- 
nelia \ an Tilburg. daughter of William Wal- 
lace and Mary (Young) Hullfish, whose chil- 
dren were : i. Lillian; who married Frank Earl, 
of Cambridge. Massachusetts, and has one 
child. Harry Cjeib. 2. Cornelia, referred to 
above. 3. /Vlice. who married Harry De An- 
geles Hutt, of Berkeley, California, and has 
one child, Norman. 



(For ancestry see preceding sketche.s). 

(VI) Samuel, eldest son of 
DEMAREST Simon Davids ((|. v.) and 
Hannah ( Banta ) Demarest, 
was born in Schraalenburgh, Bergen county, 
New Jersey, in 1791. He was brought up on 
liis father's farm and followed that vocation 
during his earlier life, but as his years in- 
creased he engaged in the coal business and be- 
came a well known and successful dealer in 
wood and coal in Demarest, New Jersey. He 
married Elizabeth Zabriskie ; children, born in 
Demarest. New Jersey : Ralph S., John, Maria, 
Margaret. Samuel S., .\nn Eliza, Garret Za- 
briskie. Catherine. 

( \'1I ) (larret Zabriskie. fourth son and sev- 
enth child of Samuel and Elizabeth (Zabris- 
kie ) Demarest, was born in Demarest, Bergen 
county. New Jersey, June 6, 1829. He was 
brought up on his father's farm, and after his 
marriage continued that vocation at Demarest, 
.\evv Jersey, adding to it the business of dis- 
tilling. He married Margaret, daughter of 
Judge John H. and Ann (Winner) Zabriskie, 
of Hackensack. New Jersey: children, born in 
Hackensack, New Jersey: John H. Z., Will- 
iam E. Garret Zabriskie Demarest died in 
Demarest. New Jersey. October 3. 1907. 

(\"1I1) John H. Z., eldest child of Garret 
Zabriskie and Margaret (Zabriskie) Demarest, 
was born in Hackensack, New Jersey, August, 
1850. He attended the public school of Hack- 
ensack. and was graduated at the Union Busi- 
ness College in New York City. On leaving 
the business school he became a clerk in the 
Hudson County National Bank, Jersey City, 
and in 1884. when the firm of Unz & Com- 
pany was established at 24 Broadway, New 
York, he became one of the active partners 
of that concern, and the firm built up a large 
and lucrative business as printers and sta- 
tioners for commercial houses. He lived in 
Demarest. New Jersijy, during his early mar- 



154 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



ried life, and was an active participant in the 
civic affairs of the town without being allied 
to either of the great national parties in a way 
to interfere with the independent action he 
held as expedient in the conduct of town af- 
fairs. He served as mayor of Demarest, 
1903-09, and in 1908 removed his family to 
Summit, New Jersey, which place was there- 
after his home. He married, October i, 1873, 
Elizabeth \'., daughter of Peter V. and Eliz- 
abeth (\'oorhis) Moore, of New York City; 
children, born in Demarest, New Jersey: i. 
J. W'esterfield, 1877, died unmarried, Novem- 
ber 20, 1902. 2. Gretta, April i, 1881. 

(\'III) William E., second son and young- 
est child of Garret Zabriskie and Margaret 
(Zabriskie) Demarest, was born in Demarest, 
New Jersey, 1861. He was a inipil in the pub- 
lic schools of Demarest and the high school of 
Jersey City, and while at school took up the 
business of telegraphy. On leaving school he 
became connected with the Western Union 
Telegraph Company as an operator, in which 
capacity he continued for several years. He 
then established the Clostcr Chronicle, a 
weekly newspaper published in Clostcr. New 
Jersey, which he edited and published for three 
years, when he retired from journalism and 
from active business. He married (first) 
February 2. 1880. Sarah F.. daughter of John 
D. and Clara (Geco.x) Ferdon, of ,\lpine. New 
Jersey : children, born in Demarest, New Jer- 
sey: I. Margretta Zabriskie. September 23. 
1882. 2. Garret Zabriskie, Sejjtember 26. 
1884, see forward. 3. Elizabeth M., October 
16, 1893. Sarah F. (Ferdon) Demarest, the 
mother of these children, died at her home in 
Demarest, New Jersey, December 5, 1899, 
aged thirty-seven years. He married (sec- 
ond) August, 1904, Annie L. Davies. a native 
of Kingston, Ontario, Canada. 

(TX) Garret Zabriskie, only son and second 
cliild of William E. and .Sarah F. (Ferdon) 
Demarest. was born in Demarest, Bergen 
county. New Jersey. September 26, 1884. Tic 
received his early school training at the public 
school and Closter high school, where he was 
prepared for matriculation at New York l^ni- 
versity. where he was graduated A. B.. 1906. 
He then entered the law office of Wakelee. 
Thoriiall &• Wright. 50 Church street. New 
York City, as a law student tuider the especial 
patronage of Senator Wakelee. and was ad- 
mitted to the New Jersey bar, March 11. 1908. 
and contiiuicd his association with this firm in 
his newer capacity of an attorney and coun- 
sellor at law. He continued his home in Dem- 



arest, New Jersey, where his fraternal affilia- 
tion was made with the Masonic order through 
membership in Alpine Lodge, No. jy, Ancient 
Order of Free and .Accepted Masons, of Clos- 
ter, New Jersey. 



(For preceding generations see David des Marets 1). 

(HI) David (3), eldest son 

DFM( )REST* and child of David (2) and 
Rachel (Cresson) Demar- 
est, was baptized in New York, February 19, 
\6~f). lie had come from Holland at the in- 
stance of the Classis of Amsterdam in the ca- 
|)acity of catechizer voorlesser and school- 
master for the Dutch settlers. His work was 
appreciated, and the community of Hacken- 
sack, having no church organization, desired 
to make him their dominie, as well as to fill 
other useful offices, and they at once set about 
to raise a sufficient sum to send him back to 
Holland to complete his studies in theology and 
receive ordination for the ministry. He spent 
one year in Holland for this purpose and re- 
turned in 1694. fully authorized by the Classis 
of Holland to form and take charge of a 
church and perform all the fiuictions of his 
offices. This |)rocess made him the first regu- 
larly ordained minister of the Dutch Reformed 
Clnuch in New Jersey, and he was licensed 
by the Classis of Middlebury to preach for the 
churches at Ilackensack and .Acquockanok, 
.September 16. irK)3. just before he left Hol- 
land. He died, after a ministry of seventy- 
three years, in Ilackensack, New Jersey, 1768. 
He married. .\]>n] 24. 1697. Sara, daughter of 
Rev. Guillaume (William) Bertholf, and 
among their children was David, see forward. 

(I\') David. (4). son of David (3) and 
Sara (llertholf ) Demorest, was born in Ilack- 
ensack. I'ergen county. New Jersey, 1702, died 
in 1768. He married, in 1729, Katrina Van 
ITouton. 

(\'] David (_0, son of David (4) and Ka- 
trina ( \'an Houton) Demorest, was born in 
Ilackensack. Bergen county. New Jersey. 1731, 
died there in 1800. He married, in 1760. Lena 
\ an \'oorhees. 

(\T) Cornelius, son of David (5) and Lena 
I \'an X'oorhtes) Demorest, was born in Hack- 
ensack. Bergen county. New Jersey, September 
f^. \/(iJ. died in Brighton. Monroe county, 
New "N"ork, June 7. 1845. He was a soldier 
in the .American revolution, enlisting as a pri- 
\'ate in the Bergen county militia before he 
was eighteen years of age, and after the war 

•Tlil.s brani-h of Hie family preserves Hie r>emo- 
rest form of Hi.' fiunily name. 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



155 



removed to New York City, where he was a 
citizen for more than twenty-tive years before 
removing to Brighton, New York. As early 
as May i, 1801, he was licensed by the mayor 
of New York City to keep a cart, which indi- 
cates his business to have been a cartman for 
stores along the wharf and employed by any 
merchant in need of such service. The last 
date on which a license was granted is May 4, 
1826, and all these licenses are in the pos- 
session of his great-grandson, William C. 
Demorest. His name sometimes appears as 
Cornelius N. Demorest. He married Ann, 
whose surname does not appear on record. 

(\1I) Peter, son of Cornelius and Ann 
Demorest, was born in Schraalenburg, New 
Jersey, 1790, and lost his life by being burned 
in a fire at Brighton, Monroe county, New 
York, April 27, 1833, to which place he had 
removed with his father about 1816. He mar- 
ried, in 1812, Jane Brouwer, who bore him 
several children. 

(\'ni) William Jennings, son of I'eter and 
Jane ( Brouwer) Demorest, was born in 
Brighton, Monroe county, New York, June 
10, 1822, died April 9, 1859, buried in Ken- 
sico cemetery, Westchester county. New York. 
He received an excellent education, and be- 
came a journalist and ]niblisher of illustrated 
news and fashion papers. He was the pioneer 
in the business of furnishing cut-paper fash- 
ions by mail, and his name became a house- 
hold word in the American homes where his 
magazine and its attendant fashionable pat- 
terns became welcome visitors and dictators of 
just what the Paris and New York leaders in 
style were to wear the coming season. He 
became extensively interested in the develop- 
ment of values in New York real estate, and 
also became a business partner with J. J. Little, 
a foremost printer and binder in New York 
City, and the firm of J. J. Little & Company, 
by this partnership, greatly enlarged and im- 
proved the art of printing in large editions by 
modern machinery. He became possessed of 
a very large fortune gained through his ex- 
traordinary business ability, and while in the 
prime of life surrendered his various business 
cares to his sons and devoted himself to philan- 
thropic work. He was an early advocate of 
temperance and of the abolition of slavery, and 
his great aim and purpose in life became the 
creation of a political party pledged to the 
abolition of the use of intoxicating lic|uiir by 
law. In this purpose he accepted the nomin- 
ation of lieutenant-governor of New York, 
and his large personal following, independent 



of party pledge, made his vote far larger than 
that of the temperance ticket on which he was 
named. He later was nominated for mayor 
of New York City. Mr. Demorest married 
(first) in 1846, Margaret Willimina Pool, 
daughter of Joseph and Jeanette (Drennen) 
Pool, the former of whom died in February, 
1849, and the latter in January, 1878. Chil- 
dren of Air. and Mrs. Demorest: i. Willi- 
mina \'ienna }., born August 31, 1847; iriar- 
ried James M. Gano; one child, Walter Demo- 
rest Gano. 2. Henry Clay, born July 22, 
1850 ; married Annie Lawrie ; children : i. 
Marie Marguerite, married Cephas B. Rogers 
and has one child, Nathaniel Demorest Rogers ; 
ii. William Jennings Demorest. Mr. Demo- 
rest married (second) 1857, Ellen Louise Cur- 
tis, daughter of Henry D. and Electa (Abel) 
Curtis, of Saratoga, New York, a leading fam- 
ily of that part of the state. Children, born 
in New York City: 3. William Curtis, see for- 
ward. 4. Evelyn Louise, married .-Mexamier 
G. Rea, of Philadelphia. 

(IX) William Curtis, son of William Jen- 
nings and Ellen Louise (Curtis) Demorest, 
was born in New York City, August 2, 1859. 
He was ])repared for college in his native city, 
and was graduated at Columbia Lfniversity, A. 
B. 1881, LL. B. 1883. He then became a law 
student in the office of Norwood & Coggeshall, 
in order to gain a thorough knowledge of the 
law pertaining to titles and mortgages. He 
practiced real estate law for a time, but the 
management of his father's large real estate 
investments and his own operations along the 
same line soon crowded out a possibility of 
outside business in every line except real es- 
tate, and he became an acknowledged special- 
ist and organizer of large real estate trusts. 
In i8q6 he became the president of the Realty 
Trust, on its organization, and his expert 
knowledge of values both real and prospect- 
ive in and outside the city limits gave imme- 
diate success to the enterprise. In addition 
to serving as president and director of the 
Realty Trust, he is a director and treasurer of 
the State Realty and Mortgage Company ; sec- 
retary, treasurer and general manager of the 
Demorest & Little Com]jany, incorporated, 
(real estate) : director and member of the ex- 
ecutive committee of the Fidelity Trust Com- 
pany ; trustee and member of finance com- 
mittee of the Irving Savings Institution; di- 
rector of the Market & Fulton National Bank ; 
director of the Royal Baking Powder Com- 
pany ; president and director of the Cleveland 
Baking Powder Company ; director of the 



13^1 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



I'ricf Baking I'owdt-r Company; and director 
of the Tartar Chemical Company. He is a 
member of the New York State Bar Associa- 
tion, Bar Association of New York, New 
^'ork Chamber of Commerce and the AUied 
Real Estate Interests, also honorary secretary 
of the Realty League. He is a member of the 
Holland Society of New York, the Empire 
State Sons of the American Revolution, St. 
Nicholas Society. Society of Colonial Wars, 
Pilgrims of the United States (and its treas- 
urer). Genealogical and Biograijhical Society, 
Peace Society of New York, American Mu- 
seum of Natural History, New York Academy 
of Science, Natural Academy of Sciences, New 
York Zoological Society, National Geographic 
Society, Metropolitan Museimi of .\rt. Munic- 
ipal Art Society, .\merican Free Art I^eague, 
Economic Club, New York Tax Reform As- 
sociation. National Child Labor Committee, 
Immigration Restriction League, American 
Civic Association, Civic Forum, Civil Service 
Reform Association, and the American Acad- 
emv of Political and .Social Science. He has 
taken great interest in Columbia University. 
and while an undergraduate joined the 
Lambda Chapter of Psi Upsilon fraternity, 
and is now president of the Lambda Associa- 
tion, its graduate organization. He is a mem- 
ber of Columbia University Club, and presi- 
dent of the C^olumbia College Alumni Asso- 
ciation, also a member of the Columbia Law 
.School .Association, the Peithologican Society, 
a Cohmi1)ia association, and of the executive 
committee of the "lughty-Eighties."' Anmng 
his social and charitable interests are member- 
shi]) in the .\merican National Red Cross So- 
ciety, Men's League of St. Thomas" Church. 
i'eoj)le's Institute, Hospital Guild and .St. John's 
(luild. ;nid the Public Schools .\thletic Associa- 
tion, lie i^ a ijovernor of the Lawyers" Club, 
and a member of the Union League ("lub. Met 
ro])olitan Club, h'ulton Club, Knollwnod Club. 
.\uto Club of .America. 1 ,ong Island .\utomobile 
Club, .St. liernard I'ish and Game Club, Camj) 
r-'ire Club of Quebec, Montagnais Fish and 
Game Club. Cam]) Fire Club of .Vmerica and 
several others. His active association with the 
foregoing societies and clubs is evidence of the 
interest he dis])lays in all that ])ertains to busi- 
ness, patriotism, genealogical research, science, 
art. civic and economic reform, college asso- 
ciations antl in recreation and amusement. 

Mr. Demorest was married, at the Church of 
the Oivine Paternity, in New 'S'ork City, I'^eb- 
ruary ''■ 1884, to .Mice Estelle. daughter of 
Charles Leslie and Mice Emory fOgier) Gil- 



bert. .SliL- was born in Camden, Maine. May 
22. 1863: educated in the public schools and 
Normal College of the City of New York. 
.She is a trustee of the New York Medical 
College and Hospital for Women, the Diet 
Kitchen, and of St. Luke's Home ; also a mem- 
Ijer of the Society of Colonial Dames, Daugh- 
ters of the .American Revolution, and chairman 
of the executive committee of Sorosis. Their 
children, born in New York City, are as fol- 
lows : I. .Mice Louise, born F"ebruary 11, 1885. 
2. Gilbert Curtis. September 15, 1895. 3- 
Charlotte Katharine. July I, 1902. These 
children are in the tenth generation from the 
Huguenot immigrant, David des Morest. born 
i()20. and Marie Sohier. his wife, through their 
fourth son. David, of Hackensack. .New Jer- 
sey. The residence of Mr. and Mrs. Demo- 
rest in New York City is at No. 68 East Sixty- 
sixth street, and their summer home is Huk- 
weem Lodge. Loon Lake. .Adirondack Moun- 
tains. 

The naiue of Giflford is of 
( li l'l'( )l\l ) hVench or Huguenot extrac- 
tion. .According to family tra- 
dition. I Baron ) Walter, son of Osborne Belle, 
was given the sobri(|uet of (iifford. Giffard or 
Gytifard. signifying liberality or generosity, 
which was accorded to him. .According to 
the best information concerning the early an- 
cestors of this family. .Archer Gifford. Giffard. 
or Gyfiard. of Normandy, married Katherine 
(le I'.lois, or Le Bonn, a descendant of a noted 
familv of Normandy, and who were of the 
nobility of that country. .Archer Gifford. 
above mentioned, came from Wales to Can- 
;ida with his wife Katherine about the year 
1751). lie todk up arms with the English and 
fought against the French. He died in Can- 
a.la'. 

The ( iiffords of Essex county are a Welsh 
familv. and although they are among the later 
comers to this country and "our Town upon 
Passaick River." John Gifford and his brother 
having emigrated shortly before the revolu- 
tionarv war, they have so jiroved their worth, 
and have so linked themselves not only by in- 
termarriage with Newark's best blood but also 
by their achievements in the interest and be- 
half of both city and state that to-day they 
stand among the front ranks of those wdio 
re])resent that section of the state. 

(I) John Gifford, born in Wales, appears 
for the first time on the records of New Jer- 
sey as a jirivatc in Captain Craig's company of 
state troops during the re\-olutionary war. Jusi 




^L V -i//^H^_, 



-.giirj. 



STATE OF NEW 



iSEY, 



157 



how he fared in that nioiiientous struggle we 
are not told, for the next record we have of 
him is a marriage license in the office of the 
secretary of state at Trenton stating that 
April 7, 1779, he obtained permission to marry 
Hannah Crane, which he seems to have done 
a little later in the same month. After this he 
appears to have made his permanent abode in 
Newark, where he built for himself a house, 
on what is now the southwest corner of Broad 
and Academy streets, having on his right hand 
William Rodger's house and saddlery and on 
his left hand the old Newark Academy, while 
facing him on the opposite side of Broad 
street was the mansion of Dr. Uzal Johnson. 
This house later on passed into the pos.session 
of William Tuttle, but this was after the Cap- 
tain, as John Gifford was called from his rev- 
olutionary service, had passed away. Between 
Dr. Johnson and the Captain, on the roadside, 
was one of the town pumps, which as late as 
1812 was used for one of the official public 
bulletin boards as the Newark town meeting 
of April 12, in that year, passed a resolution 
that all hogs running at large were to be sub- 
ject to a poundage of fifty cents which if not 
paid in four days was to be collected by selling 
the hogs and that notices of such sales were 
to be posted "at three dififerent places, viz. at 
Moses Roff's, at the pump opposite Capt. Gif- 
ford's in Broad Way and at Jacob Plum's 
store in the north ])art of the town." Mere 
with one exception our records cease, as Cap- 
tain John Gifford died intestate in 1821, leav- 
ing his widow and seven children: i. Kather- 
ine, married Dr. Enion Sketton, of \'irginia. 
2. Mary, died single. 3. Patience, married 
-Robert Johnson. 4. Sarah, married (fiist) 
Benjamin Whittaker ; (second) Robert John- 
son, who was the husband of her deceased sis- 
ter, Patience. 5. Anna, married William Mil- 
ler, of Morristown, New Jersey. 6. Susan, 
married Thomas Chapman, an attorney of 
Camden, New Jersey. 7. Archer, see for- 
ward. 

Hannah Crane, wife of Captain John Gif- 
ford, was the second daughter of Joseph, 
great-grandson of Jasper Crane, one of the 
original settlers in Newark from Branford. 
Her own great-grandfather, Jasper (2), be- 
sides holding half a dozen offices in the town 
and being deputy to the provincial council 
from 1697 to 1702, married Joanna, youngest 
sister of Elizabeth Swaine, who it is said had 
the honor of being chosen to be the first to 
land on the banks of the Passaic when the 
settlers arrived. Her grandfather, Lieutenant 



David Crane, was the town's tax collector in 
1742, and for a number of years after 1746 
one of the committee having charge of the par- 
sonage lands ; while her father, Joseph, was 
town constable in 1778, the year before her 
marriage. 

I 11 ) .\rcher, only son of Captain jnhn and 
llamiah (Crane) GilTord, was born in New- 
ark in 1796. After attending the Newark 
.\cademy, he graduated from the College of 
Xew Jersey, now Princeton University, in 
1814, and later received from that institution 
his blaster's degree. Soon after this he began 
studying law in the office of Elias \ an Ars- 
dale. Esquire, where he remained until he was 
admitted to. the bar in 1818. For the next 
twelve or thirteen years he practised in New- 
ark steadily, winning for himself a reputation 
as one of the rising constitutional lawyers, and 
among other things laying the foundations for 
his valuable contribution to the legal literature 
of New Jersey, which he published afterwards 
under the title of "Digest of the Statutory and 
Constitutional Constructions, etc., with an In- 
dex to the Statutes at Large." He was not 
an office seeker, but in 1832, when the town 
bail become so populous that the lecture room 
of the Third Presbyterian Church, the largest 
hall in Newark and in use since 1830 as a 
town hall, would no longer accommodate the 
meeting, together with Isaac .-Vndruss. Joseph 
C. Hornblovver, Stephen Dod, and \\'illiam 
II. Earle, .Archer Gifford was appointed as a 
committee "to digest a plan for the division of 
the township into two or more wards, v^fith a 
system for the transaction of the township 
business upon equitable principles," and when 
the report of the committee had been discussed 
and a revised plan finally adopted, James \'an- 
derpool and Archer Gififord were appointed to 
represent the north ward of the town on the 
committee that prepared the bill for presenta- 
tion to the legislature. This bill became a law, 
and the ward system so organized was carried 
into eft'ect, April, 1833, and operated success- 
fully for thn"o years' when the town received 
its charter as a city, April, 1836. In this year 
.\rthur Gifford was appointed by President 
.\ndrew Jackson collector of customs for the 
port of Newark, an office he continued to hold 
for twelve years, in 1843 adding to it a mem- 
bership in the common council of the city to 
which he had been elected in 1843. He was 
also for many years an active and enthusiastic 
member of the New Jersey Historical Society 
and many valuable contributions to its col- 
lections were the results of his efforts. As a 



158 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



clnirchniaii and a coninuiiiicaiU of Trinity 
Church, Newark, Mr. Gift'ord labored long and 
earnestly. For twenty-four years he was sen- 
ior warden of the parish, and in addition to his 
labors in this office he took an active part in 
the rising Tractarian discussions of his day by 
writing and publishing a strong controversial 
pamphlet entitled the "L'nison of the Liturg)'." 
During the greater part of his life he was a 
man of robust health, and it is said that he en- 
joyed nothing better than a walk from Tren- 
ton to Newark, a distance of fifty miles, which 
he often accomplished in going to and from the 
sessions of the supreme court. He died May 
12, 1859. l>y his wife, Eouisa C. Cammaim, 
of New York. Mr. CjifTord had six children: 
I. Charles Louis Cammann, treated below. 2. 
Ellen M., now living at 50 Park place, Newark. 
3. John Archer, trea;ted below. 4. Louisa 
Cammann. 3. George l'>nst Cammann. treated 
below. 6. I'hili]) A. 

(Ill) Charles Louis Cammann, eldest son 
of Archer and Louisa C. (Cammann) Gift'ord, 
was born in Newark, November, 1825, dieil in 
that city, March 29, 1877. In 1845 '^^ gradu- 
ated as a member of the third class of the I^aw 
School of Yale University, and returning hcjine 
studied law in the office of his father until he 
was admitted to the bar as attorney in January, 
1847. I'~or the next four years, while still con- 
tinuing his legal studies, Mr. Gifford acted as 
deputy collector for the port of Newark under 
his father's successor, James Hewson, and in 
January, 1850, was atlmitted to the bar as 
counsellor. In 1857 he was elected a member 
of the house of assembly, and for the three 
following years, 1858 to i860, was returned 
as state senator, during the last mentioned year 
serving as ]n-esident of that body. For years 
Mr. GifForcI had been identified with the Dem- 
ocratic party, and with the exception of the 
f(jllowing instance he continued to be so 
throughout his life. In 1861 he was the anti- 
Democratic candidate for the mayoralty 
against IMoscs Bigelow, but \uas defeated. 
June 29, 1872. Mr. Gift'orrf was .'^orn in as the 
presiding judge of the court of common pleas 
for Essex county to fill the unexpired term of 
Judge Frederick IL Teese, who had removed 
to another county and resigned. In this po- 
sition he was succeeded about two years later 
by Judge Caleb S. Titsworth, owing to Judge 
(ufford's failing health. In the following 
year, 1875. J'^ls^^' Clifford and his wife went 
to Europe in the hope that the voyage and the 
rest would give him back his former vigor ; 
for a short time the trip seemed to have a salu- 



tary effect ; he gradually, however, grew worse, 
and after many months of suffering, died in his 
own house, 55 Fulton street, at two o'clock in 
the morning. All his life he had been a com- 
municant of Trinity Church, Newark, and on 
the Sunday after his death he was buried from 
there by the Rev. John H. Eccleston, D. D. 
iiv his wife, Helen ^latoaka, daughter of Will- 
iam and Rebecca Murray, of X'irginia, Judge 
tiiff'ord had si.x children: i. William Murray, 
born 1852. 2. Charles, died in infancy. 3. 
Oswald Cammann, 1856, died 1892; married 
Frances Kingsland and left three children: Ed- 
nunid, \'irginia and Helen Murray. 4. Susan 
\ .. unmarried. 5. l-"rank W., unmarried. 6. 
.\rclier. born July 8, 1859; married, April 24, 
1889, Evelyn A., daughter of Henry W. and 
Mary G. (Abeelj Duryee; has two children: 
Liertrude M. and Helen J., and is now engaged 
in the woolen commission business. 

( IHj John Archer, second son of Archer 
and Loui.sa C. (Cammann) Gifford, was born 
in Newark, October 21, 1831, and is now liv- 
ing with his family at 60 Park place, m that 
city, .\fter receiving his early education 
undtr the tuition of Burr Baldwin, a noted 
educator in his day, he graduated from the 
.Newark Academy, and at once started on a 
business career. From 1848 to 1854 he 
worked in the employ of Sheldon Smith, man- 
ufacturer and dealer in carriage hardware. 
In 1863 this firm was dissolved and Mr. Gif- 
ford and Cornelius Van Horn founded the 
firm of C. \'an Horn & Company, carriage 
hardware. In 1871 the corporate name of the 
business was changed to Clifford, Beach & 
Companw with Mr. Gifford for the senioi 
partner, and ten years later, when Mr. Beach 
retired, Mr. Gifford continued the business 
alone until 1903, when he also retired from ac- 
tive business, and left the business to his son, 
1 larrv H. Gift'ord, who now conducts the same 
under the firm name of John .'\. Gift'ord & 
Son. 

Mr. (iift'ord is a Democrat, and although 
drafted for the war in 1861, he sent a substi- 
tute in his ])lace. His only club is the Essex. 
He is a comnnmicant of Trinity Church, New- 
ark, and for a long while has been that parish's 
senior warden and treasurer. He is also a 
member of the finance committee of the dio- 
cese of Newark, and one of the trustees of the 
F.])isco])al fund of the diocese. .'Kmong the 
financial interests, outside of his own business, 
with which Mr. Gift'ord has been or is still 
identified are the Security Savings Bank, of 
which he is the vice-president, and the Mann- 





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STATE OF NEW lERSEV. 



•59 



facturers' National JJank, in the latter of 
which he is senior director. 

February ii, 1858, Mr. Gift'ord married 
Mary Jane Ailing, ninth in descent from old 
lames Allen, the blacksmith of Kempton, 
county Uedford, England, from whose sons, 
Roger and John, have sprung the descendants 
of the Allings and Aliens of New Haven. 
Roger Ailing came to America about 1638, and 
four years later married Mary, daughter of 
Thomas Nash, the emigrant of the Rev. 
John Davenport's colony. His eldest son, 
Samuel, born November 4, 1645, died August 
28. 1709, was twice married, first to Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Winston, October 24. 1667, 
and second to Sarah, daughter of John Qied- 
sey, October 26, 1683. His eldest son, Sam- 
uel, born in New Haven, October 16, 1668, 
married Sarah, daughter of Thomas Curry, 
and removed to Newark, about 1701. Here 
he soon became one of the town's principal 
men, holding various offices of trust and re- 
sponsibility between the years 1709 and 1732 
when he died, and for the last five years of his 
life being an elder in the church. His second 
^iin, Samuel, generallv known as Deacon Sam- 
uel Ailing, born 1698, died February 6, 1793; 
married Abigail, daughter of the Rev. John 
Prudden. one of the most famous of Newark's 
early dominies and schoolmasters. John, son 
of Deacon .Samuel Ailing, 1723 to 1753, mar- 
ried ^Martha, daughter of David and Mary 
Crane, and the aunt of Hannah, daughter of 
Joseph and Patience Crane, who was the wife 
of John GifTord (I). The eldest son of John 
and ■Martha (Crane) Ailing was John, who 
married Abigail, granddaughter of Robert 
'S'oung, one of the Scotchmen welcomed to 
Newark with Clizbie and Nesbit. He was a 
lieutenant in a minute company during the rev- 
olution and was the John Ailing who figured so 
conspicuously as a sharpshooter when the 
Britisli pillaged that town. John Ailing, his 
eldest son. born December 27, 1772, died June 
14, 1852; married. January 18. 1798, Sarah 
Hamilton, and their second son, Charles Ai- 
ling, born April 14, 1803, died March 15, 1852, 
was the father of Mary Jane (Ailing) (iiiTord. 
by his wife Clarissa R... daughter of Jephtha 
;md Catharine (F.ishop) Pialdwin, and great- 
great-granddaughter of Benjamin, son of Jo- 
seph Pialdwin. of Milford, by his wife Han- 
nah, daughter of Jonathan Sergeant, through 
their son and grandson Benjamin (HF) and 
lienjamin (IV). 

John .\rcher and Mary Jane (Ailing) Gif- 
fiird have had six children, three of whom. 



Clarissa Baldwin, John Archer, Jr.. and Char- 
lotte L., died in infancy. Charles Ailing 
Gift'ord, born July 17, i860, received his 
elementary educational training in the schools 
of Newark, which he supplemented by a 
course in the Stevens Institute, graduating 
from that institution. He entered the ofifice of 
McKim, Mead & White, architects of New 
York City, and after spending some time under 
the tuition of this noted firm Mr. Gift'ord en- 
gaged upon an independent career and has met 
with a marked degree of success in his pro- 
fession; married, December 10, 1890, Helen 
M., daughter of Colonel Charles AL Conyng- 
ham and Helen Hunter Turner, whose grand- 
father. Jabez Turner, married Rebecca W'ol- 
cott, daughter of William W'olcott and Phebe 
Ailing, the daughter of Daniel, youngest son 
(if Samuel by his first marriage, and great- 
granddaughter of Roger Ailing, of New 
Haven, the emigrant. The children of Charles 
Ailing and Helen M. (Conyngham) Gifford 
are : Alice Conyngham, Charles Conyngham, 
John Archer, Herbert Cammann, who died 
young, and Donald Stanton. Agnes Gifford, 
the onlv surviving daughter of John Archer 
and Mary Jane ( Ailing) Gift'ord, is unmarried 
and lives with her parents. Harry Harrison 
( iifford, the youngest child, is treated below. 

(I\') Harry Harrison, son of John Archer 
and Mary Jane (Ailing) Gifford, was born in 
Newark. August 20, 1867, and is now living 
in .Summit, New Jersey, carrying on the car- 
riage hardware business in Park Place, New 
"S'ork City, which his father turned over to his 
management in 1903. After graduating from 
the New'ark Academy Mr. Gift'ord entered the 
preparatory school of Stevens Institute, Ho- 
boken, and later Stevens Institute, in the class 
lit 1889. He relin(juished his studies and 
entered his father's employ and gradually 
worked himself up until on his father's retire- 
ment he became general manager, and in 1907 
full partner in the firm. Mr. Gifford is a 
staunch Democrat and has several times been 
oft'ered dift'erent offices which he has refused 
to accept. He has had no military service and 
belongs to no clubs, and his single society is the 
college fraternity of Chi Phi. He has no bank 
connections and is a communicant of Calvary 
Church, Summit, New Jersey. 

November 8, 1892, Mr. Gifford married 
Elizabeth Baldwin, born February 23. 1868, 
daughter of Henry Clay and Anna (Bolles) 
Howell, who has borne him four children : 
.Anna Howell, November 16, 1893 : Elizabeth 
Baldwin, December 7, 1893 : ^lary Ailing, 



ifx) 



STATE OF XI-:\V TERSEY 



April II. 1898: Ilarry Harrison. Jr., August 
24, 1902. 

(Ill) George Ernst Cammann, tifth child 
of Archer and Louisa C. (Cammann) Gifford, 
was for many years manager of the Mutual 
Life Insurance Company, of New York, al- 
though his residence was in Newark, and he 
was the Democratic appointee as tax receiver 
and clerk uf the water board. He married 
Jane Elizabeth, daughter of Eliphalet C. and 
Jane (Kingsland) Smith. Mrs. Gifford's 
father was state surveyor, city engineer, and 
the installer of Newark's water plant. They 
have two children: George Ernst and .\rcher 
Plume Clifford, both of whom have married 
and lia\c issue. 



The name of Benjamin be- 
KE.VJ.X.Ml.X longs to the patronymic 

class of surnames, which, 
while a general characteristic of all national- 
ities, was almost the only system of nomencla- 
ture in vogue among the Welsh, who when the 
period arrived for the adoption of surnames 
merely assumed as such the Christian name of 
the father. As may be inferred from this, the 
name of Benjamin is distinctively Welsh, 
though it should be added it is in some cases 
English as well. Whether the family at pres- 
ent under consideration should trace its lineage 
back to a German count of Jewish lineage, as 
some members of the American and English 
branches do, is problematical ; it seems more 
likely that the pedigree connecting the Benja- 
mins of Lower Hereford with the De Lacey> 
who came over with William the Conqueror, is 
the correct one : and that the De Laceys, Bery- 
tons, Berringtons and Benjamins, descendants 
of Walter de Lacey, of 1074, who lived in 
Hereford county and on the Welsh border, 
are the ancestors of the founders of the New 
England and Long Island families of Benja- 
min. 

These two families are in reality one ; for 
their emigrant ancestors were brothers who 
came from Lower Hereford to Boston, where 
one became the founder of the Benjamins of 
Massachusetts, and his brother Richard, re- 
moving to Southold, Long Island, in 1663, 
with his wife .'Knn and his daughter Ann, born 
September i, 1643, applied in May, 1664, 
with Jeffrey Jones and others, to the general 
court of Connecticut to be admitted as Con- 
necticut freemen, and later had the oath of 
fidelity administered to them by Captain John 
Young, of Southold. Since that time Rich- 
ard Benjamin's descendants liave made their 



name and mark in the politics of (Jueens and 
Kings counties. 

( I ) John Benjamin, brother of Richard Ben- 
iamin referred to above, was born in lower 
Hereford, in 1598, and died in Watertovvn. 
Massachusetts. June 14.1645. He was a man of 
much consequence not only intellectually and 
s]3iritually, but also socially, as Governor Win- 
throp's designation of him as gentleman fidly 
bears out the family tradition that he bore 
arms and belonged to the landed gentry of his 
native land. These arms, were ; Or, on a 
saltire quarterly-pierced sable five annulets 
counter charged. Crest: on a chapeau, a 
plume of fire all proper. Motto: "Poussez en 
avant" ("Press forward"). .\s the annulets 
show, John Benjamin was a younger son, the 
number telling us that he was the fifth ; in 
consequence, having little to hope for from 
the paternal inheritance, he set out for the new 
world, true to his own personal motto, that 
"a race by vigor, not by vaunts, is won," in 
order to make a home and fortune for him- 
self. Setting sail in the .same ship which 
brought over Governor Winthrop, the "Lion," 
Ca])tain Mason, master, he arrived after a 
voyage of twelve weeks, eight from Lands 
End, in Boston harbor, on the evening of Sun- 
day, September 16, 1632, being one of the 
"one-hundred and twenty passengers whereof 
fifty were children, all in good health,'' of 
which the ( iovernor makes mention. With 
John Benjamin came his wife, four children, 
and his brother Richard. 

.X'ovember 6, same year (1632) he was 
made a freeman of the colony, and for a short 
time he seems to have taken up his abode in 
Cambridge, where he became one of the pro- 
prietors, and May 20, 1633, was chosen by the 
general court constable of New Town, as 
t'ambridge was then named. The next year, 
Xovember 7, 1634, the court records tell us 
that he was "exeinpted from training on ac- 
count of his age and infirmity, but was re- 
quired to have at all times arms for himself 
and his servants.'' On emigrating to New 
Tuigland. John Benjamin brought over with 
him a large and fine library, which unfortu- 
nately, on .April 7, 1637, with his house and 
other goods to the amount of iioo, was de- 
stroyed by fire. He then removed from Cam- 
bridge, and finally settled himself and his 
family in Watertown, where he spent the re- 
mainder of his life, as one of the foremost and 
prominent of the older generation of colonists. 
\'isiting him about this time, Governor Win- 
thro[) writes to a friend : "Mr. Benjamin's 



STATE OF \K\\ lERSl-:^' 



i6i 



niansiun was unsurpassed in elegance and com- 
fort by any in the vicinity. It was the 
mansion of intelligence and hospitality, visited 
by tiie clergy of all denominations and by the 
literati at home and abroad." Two days be- 
fore his death, John Benjamin wrote his will 
in which he says, "I being in pfect memory 
as touching my outward estate do bequeath 
to my. Sonne John a double portion and to my 
beloved wife 2 Cowes fourty bushels of Corne 
out of all my lands, to be allowed her towards 
the bringing vp of my small Children yearly, 
such as growes vppon the ground, one part 
of fower of all my household sufTfe, all the rest 
of my lands goods and chattels shall be e(|ually 
divided between seven other of my children. 
Provided that out of all my former estate my 
wife during her life shall enjoye the dwelling 
house & 3 Acres of the broken vp ground next 
the house & two Acres of the Meddowes near 
hand belonging to the house. That this will 
be truly pformed I do appoint my brother 
John Eddie of Watertown & Thomas Marret 
of Cambridge that they doe theire best In- 
devor to see this pformed." The inventory of 
his estate was made by Simon Stone, John 
Eddy and Thomas Marret, and amounted to 
£297 3 shillings 2 pence, and among the more 
important items may be mentioned his house 
and meadow ne.xt the mill bought of John 
Bernard, £50; his homestall house and sixty 
acres, £75 ; ten acres of meadow near Oyster 
Bank, £10; another ten acres in Rocky 
meadow, £13; eight acres in the Great Div- 
idends, £12; and sixteen acres in Watertown, 
bought of Captain Robert Sedgwick of 
Charlestown, .April 20, 1645, -^'O- 

About 1819, John Benjamin married Abi- 
gail, daughter of Rev. William Eddy and his 
wife Mary, daughter of John and Ellen 
(Munn) F"osten. Her father, born about 
1560 or 1565, graduated and received his Mas- 
ter of .\rts degree from Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, in 1586, and the following year, imme- 
diately after his marriage, November 20. 1587, 
became the non-conformist vicar of St. Dun- 
stan's parish, Cranbrook, county Kent, where 
he remained until his death in 1616. Two of 
his sons, John and Samuel Eddy emigrated 
to New England in the "Handmaid" in 1630, 
and settled at Plymouth, where Samuel re- 
mained while John remove<l after a short so- 
journ to Watertown. 

Children of John and .\bigail (Eddy) Ben- 
jamin : 

I. John Benjamin, born about 1620, died 
December 22. 1706, at Watertown : married 



Lydia .Vllen. died I70i>; children: John, Lydia, 
.\bigail, Mary, Daniel, Ann, Sarah and Abel. 

2. .\bigail Benjamin, born about 1624; mar- 
ried (first) 1640 or 1641, Joshua Stubbs, of 
Watertown and Charlestown ; children : Sam- 
uel, ;\Iary, married John Traine, and Eliza- 
beth, married Jonathan Stimson. Their father 
dying about 1654, his widow married (second) 
John Woodward. November 8, 1654, Joshua 
Stubbs and his wife .Abigail, with consent of 
their motlier, .\bigail Benjamin, sold several 
parcels of land in Watertown, and Mrs. Ben- 
jamin took up her home with her daughter in 
Charlestown, where she died May 20, 1687, 
aged eighty-seven years. 

3. Mary Benjamin, born about 1626, died 
unmarried, .\pril 10, i()46, leaving a will dated 
January 4, 1646, in which she mentions Pas- 
tor Knolls, her aunt Wines (probably her 
father's sister) her sister Abigail Stubbs and 
her cousin Anne Wyes. November 4, 1646 
the validity of this will was set aside on the 
ground that the testator was under age, and the 
general court appointed Mary's mother .Abi- 
gail Benjamin as administratrix of the es 
tate. 

4. Samuel Benjamin, born about 1628; 
moved to Hoccanum, in Hartford, Connecticut ; 
by wife Mary had children: Samuel, John 
-Mary and Abigail. 

5. Josepli Benjamin is referred to below. 
'). Joshua Benjamin, born about 1642, died 

.May 6, 1684, leaving a widow Thankful and 
no issue. 

7. Caleb Benjamin, tlied May 8, 1684, in 
Wethersfield, Connecticut, where he had been 
living since 1669, leaving a widow Mary 
( Hale ) and children : Caleb, Mary, .Xbigail. 
Sarah. John, Samuel, and Martha. 

8. .\bel Benjamin, married, November f). 
1671, .\mithy Myrick, and wrote his will Julv 
3, 1710, in which he mentions wife, son, grand- 
son John, his daughter .Abigail, born .August 
2('i, t6So, and his brother Joshua Benjamin. 

(H) Joseph, fifth child and third son of 
John and Abigail (Eddy) Benjamin, was born 
at Cambridge, Massachusetts, September 16, 
1633. and died in Preston, or New London. 
Connecticut, in 1704. Some time prior to his 
first marriage he settled in Barnstable, Massa- 
chusetts, where he remained a number of 
years, probably until the death of his first 
wife. He then seems to have removed to 
Variu(juth, where he bought and settled on a 
farm, near the meadows to the north of the 
old Miller farm. December 7, 1668, \\''illiam 
Clark, of Yarmouth, died, and in his nuncu- 



1 62 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



pative will, prtn-ed February 28. 1668, he gives 
property, amounting to £8 3 shillings, to his 
brother. Joseph Benjamin. In 1680 Joseph 
exchanged his Yarmouth farm for that of 
Joseph ( iorham, in Barnstable, and removed 
thither, but shortly afterwards settled in Pres- 
ton, Connecticut, where he spent the remainder 
of his life. October 30, 1686, he sold the land 
in Cambridge "bounded on the land of Abel 
Benjamin my brother, which was devised to 
me by the will of my honored father Mr. Ben- 
jamin, sometime of W'atertown, deceased." 

June 10, 1661, Joseph Benjamin married 
(first) Jemima, daughter of Thomas and Joice 
Lambert, of Barnstable, who died some time 
prior to the date of William Clark's will, De- 
cember 7, 1668; children: Abigail; Joseph, 
died young: and Jemima. Joseph P.enjamin 
married (second) Sarah, sister to William 
Clark, by whom he had eight more children: 
Hannah, born February, 1668, dead before 
1704; Mary, born April, 1670, married, No- 
vember 16, 1697, John Clark, the school- 
master ;. Joseph, born 1673, married August 
25, 1698, Elizabeth Cook, and had nine chil- 
dren : Obed, Elizabeth, Joseph, Sarah, Grace, 
Jedediah, Daniel, John and Abiel. Mercy, 
seventh child of Joseph Benjamin, and fourth 
by his second marriage, was born March 12, 
1674. Elizabeth, born January 14, 1680, died 
before 1704. John is referred to below. 
Sarah and Kezia were the remaining two 
children. 

(III) John, si.-vth child and second son of 
Joseph and Sarah (Clark) Benjamin, was 
born in Barnstable, Massachusetts, in 1682, 
and died in Preston, Connecticut, August 2. 
1716. lie married Phoebe "I'arrabee, of 
Preston and had one son John, referred to 
beUnv, and four daughters. 

(IV) John, only son of John and Phoebe 
(Barrabee) Benjamin, married (first) Mar- 
garet Denison, of Stonington, Connecticut, 
(second) Louisa Palmer, of the same place. 
The dates of his birth and death are unknown. 
Me had several children by each of his wives. 

(\') David, second son of Benjamin and 
either Margaret Denison or Louisa Palmer, 
married (first) Esther Wilson, who died 
within five months of her wedding day. with- 
out issue, and (second), February 19, 176c;. 
Lucy Park, who bore her husband six chil- 
dren : Park : Elijah : Moses, born July 5, 1774 ; 
Stephen. Septemlier 15, 1776; Lucy, March 
15, 1779; and Esther, March 15, 1781. 

(\T) Park, eldest son of David Benjamin. 
born ( )ctol)er 5. ij^k), in Preston, became with 



his brother l-^lijah an importing merchant in 
the trade with the West Indies. He made 
fre(|uent trips to and fro between New Lon- 
don and British Guiana, and was head of the 
West India branch of the business. In 1824 
he was lost at sea, with his son, Christopher, 
in the foundering of the brig "Falcon." He 
married, during one of his stops at Barbadoes, 
Mary Judith Gall, a cousin of Governor 
Boerckels, of that island, and also, so it is said, 
a cousin of the celebrated Lord North, of revo- 
lutionary fame. On his death his widow and 
surviving son Park, born August 14, 1809, at 
Demerara, British Guiana, where his father 
owned a plantation, came to Connecticut and 
took up their abode in the home of her brother- 
in-law, Elijah, where Park Jr., who was lame. 
and of a dreamy, idealistic disposition was 
brought with his cousins, making a jiarticular 
friend of his cousin David, referred to below. 
This Park was the poet and editor so well 
known to and beloved by the literary world of 
a generation ago, and whose "Old Sexton" 
still holds its honored place in American an- 
thologies. 

(\"I) Elijah, second child and son of 
David and Lucy (Park) Benjamin, was born 
in Preston, Connecticut, November 12, 177 1. 
He was an importing merchant in New Lon- 
don, and was twice married, his two wives 
being cousins of each other. Children by 
first wife: Sebra, Nathan and Roswell ; by 
second wife: Rufus, David (referred to 
below), and Lucv Ann Maria, married Nel- 
son Geer I^acker. 

(\TI) David, son of Elijah Benjamin by 
his second marriage, was born June 18, 1809, 
and died at his home at Lincoln Park, New 
Jersey, August 20, 1887. The closeness of 
age as well as similarity of disposition made 
David and his cousin, "Lame Park," the poet, 
close friends and companions, and the inti- 
macy was contiinied throughout the latter's 
whole life. .At first David tried his fortunes 
in Scotland, Windham county, Connecticut, 
but not succeeding as well as he expected he 
went to Pennsylvania, where he spent five 
\ears. and then concluding that the old place 
was the best, he returned there, and married 
In .September. 1843. he purchased the farm 
at Lincoln Park, where he made his home 
and spent the remainder of his life. March 
23, 1834, David Benjamin married Cornelia, 
daughter of Eleazar Smith and Mehitable 
Robinson, who was a direct descendant of 
Pastor John, Robinson, of the Pilgrim church 
in Levdeii. who fcillowcd his fl(X-k over to the 



STATE OF NEW lEKSEV 



163 



new wiirld soon after the arrival of the ".May- 
tlower." David and Corneha (Smith) Ben- 
jamin had children: 1-2. Edward and Al- 
fred, referred to below. 3. Martha Mehit- 
able, born September 29, 1845 ; married, 
September 2, 1868, Abraham Ryerson ; chil- 
dren: Alice, born September 11, 1870, mar- 
ried, October, 1896, Ira Mitchell; Cora, born 
Jime 13, 1873; Clara, born November 15, 
1874, married June, 1898. Warren Parker; 
.\lfred Bird, born October 25, 1879: Nellie, 
January 20, 1884; Christine, 5larch 22. i88(), 
married October, 1905, William Winkleman ; 
and Helen, born October 6. 1887. 4. Thomas 
Williams Benjamin, born February 28, 1848. 
at Lincoln Park ; inherited the homestead farm 
there; married, November 25, 1872, Leah 
Jacobus; children; Herbert, born March 23, 
1880, married, 1902, Katharine Doremus ; 
David, born July 29, 1884; Sydney Newton, 
August 13, 1890. 5. Cornelia Elizabeth Ben- 
jamin, born May 16, 1851 ; married. May 30. 
1876, Tilghamm P>. Koons, of I'lainfield. New 
Jersey; children; Olive, born July 21, 1878; 
Chauncey Benjamin, March 20, 1881 ; Lucius 
T., January 13, 1885, married P'ebruary, 1907, 
Olive Bogardus ; and Cornelia A., born March 
31. 18S9. 6. Newton Benjamin, born August 
3, 1854, at Lincoln I'ark, New Jersey; lives at 
Elmira, New York ; married. December 20. 
1883. Sarah W. Williams. 

(\']n) Edward, eldest son of David and 
Cornelia (Smith) Benjamin, was born Decem- 
ber 19, 1839, in Scotland, Windham county, 
Connecticut, and is now living in Newark, 
New Jersey. In September. 1843. when he 
was nearly six years old, his father moved 
from Scotland to Lincoln Park, New Jersey, 
where Edward was brought up, receiving his 
education in the district school. About 1865 
he went into the business of manufacturing 
the bone wire used in the making of the hoop 
skirts that were at that time so fashionable, 
and a few years later he removed from Lin- 
coln Park and made his hoine in Newark, 
where his business was. Here he has re- 
mained ever since, retiring from the active 
control and management of the business in 
1903. and leaving it to the control of his 
brother and partner. Mr. Benjamin is a Re- 
publican but has held no office. He belongs 
to no clubs, and is a member of the Presby- 
terian church. April 27, 1865, Edward Ben- 
jamin married Hannah, youngest daughter of 
George and Hannah (Russia) Wade; chil- 
<lren : E<lward Wade. George Newton, and 
Frank; the first and last are referred to 



below; ( leorge Xewton was born May 10, 
i8(>8. 

(IX) PMward Wade, eldest child of Ed- 
ward and Hannah (Wade) Benjamin, was 
born January 13, 1867, in Brooklyn, New 
York, and died December 19, 1903, in Rose- 
ville. New Jersey. He began by clerking in 
the Chemical National Bank, and two years 
later entered the Columbia Law School, from 
which he graduated in 1888. Several years be- 
fore that date his parents had settled in Newark, 
and lulward Wade lienjamin became a law 
clerk for the firm of McCarter, Williamson & 
McCarter, being admitted to the bar in 1891. 
In 1895 'i*^ \^'^s elected as member of the board 
of aldermen of Newark for the eleventh dis- 
trict, and found himself the youngest man 
ever on the board. He was a Rej)ublican, and 
the vice-president of the State Republican 
league. At the time of his death he was a 
member of the law firm of Benjamin & Ben- 
jamin. He died from jjneumonia, after a 
week's illness, and was buried in Rosedale 
cemetery. Orange. October 10. 1894, he mar- 
ried \'irginia Gregory; children; Virginia H., 
born February 16, 1896; John Wade, October 
12, 1897; Edward G., January 14, 1899; Har- 
old, July 27, 1900; Dorothy, October 26, 1903. 

( IX ) Frank, youngest son of Edward and 
Hannah (Wade) Benjamin, was born March 
19, 1870. in Brooklyn, and is now^ living in 
East Orange, New Jersey. He received his 
education in the public schools and from pri- 
vate tutors, and graduated from the law de- 
partment of the L'niversity of New York in 
i89r). He took up general legal ])ractice in 
Newark, being admitted to the bar of New 
York in 1897, and to that of New Jersey in 
June, 1898. He is a member of the Wednes- 
day Club and of the Board of Trade. He is 
a member and an elder of the Roseville Pres- 
byterian church. He married, .Vpril 5. 
1904. Matilda Heaton Jube (see sketch of 
\Villiam Uzal Jube). 

(VIII) Alfred, second child and son of 
David and Cornelia (Smith) Benjamin, was 
born in .Scotland, Connecticut, .-\pril 25, 1843. 
His father brought him to Lincoln Park, when 
he was about two years old, and he was edu- 
cated in the old Bloomfield .Academy. He 
then became a clerk in New York, and after- 
wards went to Meriden, Connecticut, where 
he became interested in the manufacture of 
steel crinoline wire. In 1867 he came to New- 
ark, where he continued the same business 
until 1873, ^\''ien he sold out, and for the next 
two years was superintendent for Benjamin 



|64 



STATE OF XFW IF.RSEV 



Brothers'. In 1879 he started in manufactur- 
ing braided and corded wire, in which busi- 
ness he remained until 1903, when he entered 
into partnership witli Charles B. Johnes and 
his brother. Alfred lienjamin, in the manu- 
facture of corsets and ladies' supplies. Mr. 
Benjamin was a Republican, and had a dis- 
tinguished record in the L'nited States navy 
during the civil war. .\ugust 18. 1862. he 
enlisted on the "Xorth Carolina" receiving 
shi]). in the Brooklyn navy yard, and was 
jilaced on the United States steamer "Het- 
zel," which had been detached from the coast 
survey and refitted at Baltimore in September 
and October, 1861. The ■'Iletzel" carried two 
guns, and registered three hundred and one 
tons. She served with the North .\tlantic 
blockading squadron, the flag officer being 
E. M. Goldsborough, the acting rear admiral. 
S. 1^. Lee, and the commanding rear aflmiral 
being David D. Porter, and participated in all 
the operations about New l:5erne. and on the 
Roanoke river. Mr. Benjamin was dis- 
charged in 1863. and entered the c|uartermas- 
ter's department. Army of the Cumberland 
He participated in the battle of Nashville, 
under Ckmeral (jeorge H. Thomas, and one of 
Mr. I'enjamin's most prized possessions was 
a Confederate officer's sword which he took as 
a trophy on that battlefield. 

Mr. Benjamin was a member of Northern 
Lodge, No. 25, F. and A. M., of Newark, and 
of the Royal Arch Chapter. He was also a 
vestryman of .St. James Protestant Episcopal 
Church, Newark. 

May 2y, 1867, .Alfred Benjamin married 
Eleanor Savery, eldest daughter of Rev. John 
Holliway and Caroline .Xnnie (Rich) Hanson, 
and granddaughter of John Savery Hanson and 
Catharine, daughter of Charles Goldsmith, 
brother to (Oliver Cioldsmith, and Sarah Gabau 
don. By this marriage .-Mfred I'enjaniin had 
children : i. .Alfred Hanson I'enjamin.born Au- 
gust 27, 1870; married October 26, 1897, Ina 
Louise Handy ; children : Louise and Louis 
Handy. 2. Annie Rich Benjamin, born July 
ig, 1872; married April 8, 1896, Edward 
Nicholls, of Newark; one child, Mary J. B. 
3. Elinor Savery Benjamin, born June 15, 
1874; married October 4, 1906, Daniel Dodd 
Crane, eighth in descent from Stephen Crane 
of Elizabethtown. as follows: Stephen (I): 
John (II) : Matthias (HI) ; Jacob ( IV) : Jacob 
(V) ;DavidWarner (YI) by his first marriage; 
and Jacob Warner (VII). 4. Katharine Cor- 
nelia Benjamin, born February 16, 1876, died 
.August 2, 1877. 5. Robinson Goldsmith Ben- 



jamin, born March 18, 1882, died June 10. 
1892. 6-7. Webster and Cornelia, twins, born 
l-'ebruary 12, 1885. 

Eleanor Savery (Hanson) Benjamin died 
March 11. 1885, and .Alfred Benjamin married 
(second) January 29. 1891, Mary Anne, 
daughter of I-"rederick W. Ricord, judge and 
Mayor of Newark. By this marriage there 
has been no issue. Mr. Benjamin died July 
9. 1909. 

Three Tuttle families came 
Tl'TTi.lv over to this country in 1635, all 

of them being passengers in the 
ship "Planter." Nicholas Travice, master, 
bound for New England. They all brought 
with them certificates from the minister of 
.St. .Mbans. Hertford, and everything points 
to the fact that they are descendants of the 
Toyls or Tothills, of Devon, who for many 
generations in lingland, possessed .such an es- 
tablished character that an attemjit has even 
been made to trace the name back through the 
old Egyptians to Thoth and Thothmes. Of 
the three families coming over in the "Planter,'" 
one became the ancestor of the Ipswich fam- 
ily of Massachusetts, another of the Boston 
family, and the third, William, founded the 
family at present under consideration. In ad- 
dition to these three, a fourth Tuttle brought 
his family over in the same year, 1635, in the 
■^hip ".Angel Gabriel." and settled in Dover. 
-New llampshire. 

( 1 ) William Tuttle, founder of the family 
at present under consideration, arrived in 
America with his faiuily about the first of 
June, if)33, and about a year later his wife 
united with the Church of Boston. In the 
|)assenger list of the "Planter" he is called 
"husbandman." and in other documents "mer- 
chant." On June 4. 1639, his name appears 
on the list of those who signed the church 
covenant in Mr. Newman's barn at the time 
of the founding of Quinnipiac. now New 
Haven. In 1641 he became the owner of the 
home lot of Edward Hopkins, on the square 
now bounded by Grove. State, Elm and 
Church streets, the lot fronting on State street. 
For nearly thirty years this Tuttle homestead 
was the only land owned by Yale College, and 
was the first of a long succession of purcha.ses 
extending through a part of more than a cen- 
tury which finally brought the old College 
S(iuarc into its possession. In these transfers 
descendants of William Tuttle, who at one 
time or another, owned the most considerable 
part of the scjuare, were known as grantors. 



STATE OF NEW lERSEV 



165 



either directly tu the College or to its immediate 
holders. On the sea-shore where William Tat- 
tle lived and died, his great-grandson, Jona- 
than Edwards, studied, taught and achieved 
his "(ireat and excellent tutorial renown." 
Williani Tuttle and Mr. Gregson were the 
first owners of the land in East Haven, and 
.\Ir. Tuttle surveyed the land out into lots 
from the Philadelphia ferry at Red Rock to 
Stony River. In 1659 he appears as the pro- 
prietor of the land in North Haven that had 
i)elonged to the estate of (kivernor Eaton, and 
he accinired lands in Bethany and elsewhere. 
In 1646. as commissioner, he decides on the 
e(|uivalent due to those who had received no 
meadow lands in the first allottment, and in 
the same year, with Jeremy Watts, he was 
complained of and fined "for sleeping at watch 
houre." In 1646 and 1647, William Tuttle. 
.\lr. I'ell and "Brother Fowler" were voted 
into the first cross pew at the end of the meet- 
inghouse. This was near the pulpit and amoiii, 
the highest in dignity. 

With Jasper Crane and others he was one 
of the Xew Haven and Totoket petitioners to 
the Dutch, .September 14. if'151. regarding the 
making of a settlement in the Dutch territory 
of New Jersey. In 1644 he and Jasper Crane 
were fence viewer for Mr. Davenport's quarter. 
In 1646 he was road commissioner. In i6()4 
he spoke before the court in behalf of a young 
girl who liad been found guilty of theft, saying 
that though her sin was great, "yet he did 
much ])ity her. and hoped the court would 
ileal leniently with her and put her in some 
pious family where she could enjoy the means 
of grace for her souTs good." In 1672 he was 
one of the committee to settle boundary dis])ute 
between liranford and New Haven. In March. 
1666, he took the constable's oath. The exact 
date of his death is unknown, but it was 
early in June, 1673. He lies buried under the 
"Old Green," but exactly where is unknown. 
The last remainder of his estate was distrib- 
uted in 17CH) to his children or to their heirs. 
He was. as may be inferred from foregoing, 
the equal socially of any of the colonists, and 
brought up bis children in a manner befitting 
their condition, carefully providing for theiu a 
means of starting in life. He was a man oi 
c<iurage, enterprise, intelligence, probity and 
piety; a just man whose counsels and judg- 
ments were sought to calm the contentions 
and adjust the differences of jarring neigh- 
bors, and withal he possessed a tenderness of 
heart unusual in men whose lives were passed 
in strife and conflict with desperation, bar- 



liarism, and the savage forces of nature. To 
the last he possessed the res])ect and confidence 
of men whose souls were tried like his own. 

His wife, Elizabeth Tuttle, died December 
30, 1684, aged seventy-two years, having been 
living since her husband's death with her 
youngest son .Nathaniel. That she was a faith- 
ful and good wife and mother we have every 
reason to believe. All of her twelve children 
were reared to maturity among dangers, priva- 
tions and trials of which the mother of the 
present day can hardly form a conce])tion, and 
which very few indeed would have had courage 
to face or the strength to endure. In her widow- 
hood, heavy afflictions were added to the weight 
of her years, but the religions faith and hope 
which she publicly professed in her youth no 
doubt supjjorted her as nothing else could do 
through all the dark and troubled way unto 
tile end. In 1821 her gravestone was removed 
from the "Old Green" to the Grove .street 
cemetery, and now stands in the row along 
the north wall of thai enclosure. Children of 
William and Elizabeth Tuttle: 1. John, born 
in luigland, 1631: died November 12, 1683; 
married Kattareen Lane. 2. 1 lannah, born in 
I'.ngland. 1(^32; died .\ugust 9, 1683: married 
(first). 1649, John Pantry: (second) Thomas 
Wells, Jr. 3. Thomas, born 1634: died Octo- 
ber 9. 1 7 10: married. 1661, Hannah Powell. 
4. Jonathan, baptized Charlestown, Massachu 
setts. July 8, 1637 : died 1705 : married Rebecca 
Bell. 5. David, .\pril 7, 1639, to 1693: unmar- 
ried. 6. Joseph, referred to below. 7. Sarah, 
baptized New Haven. 1642; died November 
17. 1676: married John Slanson. 8. Elizabeth, 
bajitized New Haven, 1^145: niarried, Novem- 
ber 19, 1667, Richard, son of Rev. Richard 
Edwards, and grandfather through his son 
Timothy of the famous Jonathan Edwards. 

9. Simon, 1647, to .April 16, 1718; married 
Abigail, possibly daughter of Richard Beach 

10. I'.enjann'n. baptized October 29, 1648; died, 
mnuarricd, June 13. 1677. 11. Mercy, born 
.April 2J, 1650: living 1695: married Samuel 
Brown same day her brother Joseph married 
Hannah Munson. 12. Nathaniel, 1632, to Au- 
gust 20, 1721 : married .Sarah Howe. 

(II) Joseph, si.xth child and fifth son of 
William and Elizabeth Tuttle, was bajHized in 
New Haven. November 22. 1640, and died 
.August 7. 1690. In 1666 a complaint was made 
against him and John Hold "for tumultuous 
carriage and speaking against the inflictions of 
punishment against two delinquents." and they 
were fined twenty shillings. In 1685 he was 
excused from watching, "being an im|)oteni 



i66 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



man having lost the use of one of his feet and 
now having two sons in the pubHc service." 
The same year he was appointed constable 
bnt declined on account of lameness. May 2, 
1667, he married Hannah, born June 11, 1648; 
died November 30, i6<)5, daughter of Captain 
Thomas Munson, who came in the "Elizabeth" 
to Boston, in 1634; removed to Hartford, and 
was one of Hartford's contingent under Cap- 
tain Munson at the destruction of the Pe(|uot 
fort. He removed 1642 to New Haven where 
he became one of the town's greatest military 
men. Tn 1675 he commanded the New Haven 
troops who at Norrituck defended that planta- 
tion against the Indians. From 1666 to 1683 
he was New Haven's representative in the gen- 
eral assembly. Hannah ( Munson ) Tuttle mar- 
ried (second), August 21. 1694, Nathan Hrad- 
ley, of Cuilford. Children of Joseph and Han- 
nah (Munson) Tuttle: i : Josejih, born March 
18, 1668: married Elizabeth Sanford. 2. Sam- 
uel, born Jul}' 15, 1670; died 170Q: married De- 
cember II. 1695, Sarah Hart. 3. Stei^hen. 
referred to below. 4. Johannali, born Decem- 
ber 30, 1675 ; married Stephen Pangborn ; re- 
moved to \\'oodbridge. New Jersey. 5. Timo- 
thy, born "February 30," 1678: died November 
21, 1678: named in Stiles' "History of the 
Judges" with Samuel Miles as the only death? 
in New Haven that year. 6. Susanna, Febru- 
ary 20, 1679, to October 10, 1737; married 
Samuel Todd. 7. Elizabeth, born June 12, 
1683. 8. Hannah, born May 14, 1685; died 
soon afterwards. 9. Hannah, baptized Febru- 
ary 26, 1689. 

(HI) .Ste])hen, third child and son of Jo- 
seph and Hannah (Munson) Tuttle, was born 
in New Haven, Connecticut, May 20, 1673, 
and died in Woodbridge. New Jersey, late in 
1709. He removed to Woodbridge, where his 
name first appears .April 11, 1693, ^^ the 
grantee of six acres of high land laid out to 
him : same year he bought six acres adjoining 
from John Robinson; .November 13, 1701. at 
town meeting, he was chosen constable for 
year ensuing. His name .stands fourth in the 
list of church members. His will, dated Octo- 
ber 20, 1709, is recorded at Trenton later same 
year. He married, in Woodbridge, New |er- 
sey, by Justice Samuel Hale, Sei)teniber 12, 
1695, to Ruth Fitz Randolph, of Woodbridge. 
of the same family from which Governor Fitz 
Randol])b is descended. Children: r : Timothv. 
born October 16, 1696; died 1755; settled with 
brother Joseph in Newark ; married Cecilia 
Moore, whose burial July 3, 1768, is first rec- 
ord in the Morristown bill of mortality. 2. 



Joseph, referred to below. 3. Stephen, re- 
turned to Connecticut ; married Sarah Stanley ; 
was killed by lightning, June 23, 1735. 4. 
.Samuel, j)robably died young. 

(I\') Joseph, son of Stephen and Ruth 
( I'itz Randolph) Tuttle, was born at Newark, 
New Jersey, Se])tember 2, 1698, and died No- 
vember 3, 1789. His monument, an altar stone 
in the W'hippany graveyard, has an inscription 
com])osed by Rev. Dr. Green: 

"The tender names of father, liusband. friend, 
And neighbor kind did through his life extend. 
In church & state lie virtuous honour gain'd, 
.\nd all his offices with truth sustained, 
.\s deacon, elder, colonel, judge, he shone. 
While heaven was his hope, his rest his home, 
I.aden'd with honours, usefulness & years, 
l-Ie dr<ii>'d this clay & ■with ye saints appears." 

.March 8, 1725, he was appointed supervisor 
of highways ; March 9, 1730. clerk for entering 
strays; 1724-25 was one of overseers of poor, 
and fence viewer : same year bought land in 
Hanover township and removed there some 
years later. In 1734 he bought 1250 acres at 
Hanover Neck, on Whippany and Passaic 
rivers. He was a justice of the peace, a colonel 
of militia, and a deacon of the church. For 
some years before his death he w-as a widower. 
He married (first) .\bigail, daughter of Cap- 
tain David Ogden. who was born February 
II. 1701. and died March 4. 1739; (second), 
June 18, 1739, Abigail, sister of Rev. John 
.Vutman, second minister of Whippany church, 
who died .\pril 26, 1781 : (third), June 18, 
1756, Mary Wilkinson, who died .\])ril 9, 1760: 
(fourth). .August. 1760, Mary Merry, who 
died Jaimary 18, 177^), in her fifty-eighth year; 
1 fifth) Isabella Drake, who died March 13. 
1777, in her si.xty-ninth year. Children, eight 
by first, and four by second marriage: i. 
Ruth, born .\i)ril 8. 1722: died .Xpril 4. 1780: 
married (first) Silas Haines; (second) Deacon 
David Kitchel. 2. Samuel, April 2, 1724, to 
January 3, 1762; married Rachel, daughter of 
Colonel Jacob Ford, Sr. 3. John, born March 
19, 1726: married Joanna (Johnson) Camp- 
field. 4. Josejih, referred to below. 5. David, 
horn ( Ictober 4, 1730; married Sarah, daugh- 
ter of r.enjamin Coe. of New York: possibly 
(second) Sarah Ogden. 6. Moses. November 
19. 1732, to July II. 1819; married, December 
'5- ^75^' J^'i^i daughter of Colonel Jacob 
Ford. 7. Abigail, October 13, 1734, to Febru- 
^'■y /• '751- i^- Comfort, March 10, 1736, to 
November 6, 1738. 9. Elizabeth, February 27, 
'7,39- t" March 10, 1769; unmarried. 10. 
Phebe, March 19, 1740, to November i, 1743. 



STATE OF \EW (F,RSEV 



167 



11. James, May 7. 1742, to December 25. 1776; 
pastor of Rockaway and Parsippany churches ; 
married Anna, daughter of Rev. Jacob Green. 

12. Phebe. born October 23, 1743. 

'(V) Joseph (2), third son of Joseph (l) 
and Abigail (Ogden) Tuttle, was born in 
Newark, March 10, 1728, and died September 

\f\ 1800. He married (first) Joanna , 

who died without issue, March 23, 1753, in 
iier tliirticth year; (second), July 21, 1754. 
jemima, daughter of Silas Haines, who was 
horn February 26, 1729, and died September 
2C1. 181 1. Children: I. Joanna, born April 
-')■ '75'^'; flied .\pril. 1800: married Elijah 
Leonard. 2. Silas. Sejitember 16, 1760, to Au- 
gust 23. 1764. 3. Samuel, referred to below. 

(\l) Samuel, son of Joseph and Jemima 
I Haines ) Tuttle, was born in Whippany. Feb- 
ruar}- 27, 1766. and died October, 1800. of 
fever contracted in New York City. He mar- 
ried. May 15, 1791, .\bigail, daughter of Uzal 
•uid .\niia (Tuttle) Kitchel. who was born 
( )ctober 27. 1772. Children: i. Silas, born 
A]5ril 3, 1792; married Lorania Baker. 2. 
Julia .\nn. March 13, 1794, to November 4, 
1868; married, as his second wife, William 
Tuttle, of Newark. 3. David Kitchel. June 26. 
1796, to February 3, 1833: unmarried. 4. Ste- 
phen, October 10. 1798, to January 21, 1835: 
graduated at head of class in 1820, from West 
Point Military .Xcademy, and had a most dis- 
tinguished military record ; married Emily W. 
Malone. 3. Samuel, referred to below. 

(X H) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) and 
-Abigail (Kitchel) Tuttle, was born in Whip- 
pany, Morris county, New Jersey, January 31, 
1 801, and died February 2. 1879. He lived 
in Littleton, Morris county: married. Novem- 
ber 6, 1822. Dorcas Stiles, born 1800: died 
September 26. 1833. Children : Ceorge Fran- 
cis, referred to below ; Mary .Anna, born De- 
cember 22. 1834; Stephen. October 22. 1837. 
to i86<). 

(\Tn) George Francis, eldest child of .Sam- 
uel (2) and Dorcas (.Stiles) Tuttle, was born 
iii what was then called West Bloomfield. De- 
cember II, 1823. and is now living in Newark, 
New Jersey. For his early education he at- 
tended the jiublic schools of Newark, 1 and 
afterwards went to the Newark Acad'emy. 
from which he graduated in 1840. He then 
entered the office of Hon. John Peter Jackson, 
Es(|., with whom he read law, and was ad- 
mitted to the New Jersey bar as attorney in 
.\pril. 1849. and as counsellor in November. 
1852. Since this time he has been engaged in 
the general practice of his profession in New- 



ark, wiiere he has been most successful, and 
easily foremost among the many shining legal 
lights of that city. In politics Mr. Tuttle is a 
Reiniblican, and while not seeking office he 
has always done his utmost for the best inter- 
ests of his party, both in state and nation. When 
the district courts were established Mr. Tuttle 
was a[)i)ointed to the position of judge, and 
served upon the bench of said court for the 
term for which he was appointed. \'ice-Qian- 
cellor Stevens was appointed at the same time. 
Judge Tuttle is a member of the Lawyers' 
Club, of Newark, and president of the board 
I if trustees of the First Congregational Church 
in that city. He married. May 29, 1853, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of George S. and Elizabeth 
( Ryerson ) Mills, who was born in New York 
City, November 29, 1826, and died October 
id, 1907. Children: i. Rosa E.. born May 
14, 1838. 2. Joseph N., born May 10, 1862; 
graduated froni Newark .Academy. 1882; read 
law in his father's office ; admitted to New 
Jersey bar as attorney in 1886. and as coun- 
sellor in 1889; now practicing in Newark. 3. 
George S.. born November 18, 1864; graduated 
from Newark .Academy : now residing in the 
citv of Newark. 



The noble family of Car- 
CARPENTER penter from which the 
Irish Earls of Tyrconnel 
have descended, is of great anticiuity in county 
Hereford and other parts of England. John 
Carpenter, the earliest known member of the 
family, ajjpears there as early as 1303. In 
1323 he was a member of parliament for the 
borough of Leskard, in Cornwall, as two years 
afterwards was .Stephen Carpenter for Credi- 
ton, county Devon. John Carpenter's son 
Richard, born about 1333. had a son John who 
became town clerk of London, and in turn had 
a son John, born about 1410. whose son Will- 
iam is the foimder of the branch of the family 
at present under consideration. 

This William Carjjenter. son of John. Jr.. 
commonly known as William Carpenter, of 
Homme, lived in the ]iarish of Dilwyne, county 
Hereford, England, was born about 1440, and 
died in 1320. Among his children was a son 
James, who died in 1337, leaving a son John, 
who died three years later, in 1340. whose son 
William, named for his great-grandfather, was 
the most prominent ancestor of the Tyrconnel 
Carpenters, and the founder of the Rehoboth 
branch of the Carpenter family at present 
under consideration. 

(I) William Carpenter, founder of the 



i68 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



American brancli of the Tyrconnel Carpen- 
ters, was born about 1540, and had several 
children: I. James, who inherited the estate 
of his father. 2. Alexander, born abonl 1560. 
a dissenter, who removed to Leyden, Holland, 
and whose youngest son. William Carjienter. 
of Codham. was the one to whom was granted 
the "Greyhound" arms. 3. William, referred 
to below. 4. Richard, removed to Amesburg ; 
his son William came to America in 1736. set- 
tled in Providence with Roger Williams, and 
became the progenitor of the Providence 
branch "f the Carpenter family. 

( II ) William (2), son of William ( i ) Car- 
penter, born in 1576. was a carpenter by trade, 
and lived in the city of London. He rented a 
tenement in Houndsditch in 1625 on a lease 
for forty-one years. In 1638. however, with 
his son William and his daughter-in-law he 
came to America in the ship "Bevis." fie wa^ 
registered in Southampton. Long Island, but 
returned home in the same vessel in which he 
came over leaving a son William in this coun- 
try to become the founder of this branch of 
the family. 

(HI) \\'illiani (3). son of William (2) 
Carpenter, was born in England. 1605. and 
died February 7, 1659, in Rehoboth. Massa- 
chusetts. He was admitted freeman of Wey- 
mouth. May 13. 1640, and was representative 
of that town in 1641 and 1643. In 1641 he 
was constable, and was admitted an inhabitant 
of Rehoboth. Massachusetts. March 18. 1643. 
and was representative for Rehoboth in the 
same year. Governor liradford. who married 
his cousin .Mice, manifested for him great 
friendshi]). favoring him in all his measures 
in tlie criminal court, in fact, from all their 
dealings and transactions, public and private, 
which have been recorded and come down to 
us. it is evident that these two men were the 
closest of friends. The legal business of the 
town or colony seems to have been princi|)all\' 
in the bands of William Carpenter. He was 
one of the committee who laid out the first lot 
from Rehoboth. Dedham. and with others was 
chosen to look after the interest of the town, 
to hear and decide on the grievances with re- 
gard to the division of land by lots, and to 
represent the town in the criminal court at 
Cambridge. In 1647 and again in 1655 he 
was one of the selectmen of the town. His will 
was dated .\])ril 21, l65(). and proved February 
7. i66q. P>y his wife .Abigail, who died Feb- 
ruary 22. 1687. he had seven children: i. 
John, is referred to below. 2. William, born 
about 1631. died January j6. 1703: married 



(first) Priscilla Bennett, (secondj Miriam 
Searles. 3. Joseph, born probably about 1633 ; 
in May. i')75. married Margaret Sutton, died 
May i()73. 4. Hannah, born A])ril 3, 1640, 
married her cousin Joseph Carpenter of Provi- 
dence. Rhode Island. 5. .Abiah. born April 9. 
1643. 6. Abigail, twin with .Abiah. married 
John Titus. Jr. 7. Samuel, born probably 
1644: died 1682; married Sarah Readaway. 

(T\") John, son of William (3) and .Abigail 
Carpenter, was born about 1628. and died May 
2T,. 1695. He came from England with his 
father, and when young went to Connecticut, 
and was there previous to 1746, when he must 
have l>een about seventeen years old. For 
several years he travelled about in Connecticut 
working at the carpenter trade. In 1660 he 
bought land at Hempstead, Long Island. He 
is mentioned in his father's will as is also his 
son. In May, 1664, he was made freeman of 
Connecticut, and in 1663 was chosen towns- 
man of llem])stead. He was generally known 
as Ca])tain John Carpenter, in virtue of his 
(iflice as commander of the Jamaica fusileers, 
which in 1673 was ordered to defend Fort 
James. Xew A'ork. against the fleet of the 
Prince of Orange. John Carpenter was one 
of the patentees of the town of Jamaica. Long 
Island, under the Dongan patent of 1680, with 
Xehemiah .Smith. He was one of the com- 
mittee to settle the Rev. John Pruden over the 
rlnuch of Jamaica in 1676. His will, Novem- 
ber 10. ifK;4 begins "I, John Carpenter now- 
ancient crazy in body and sound of mind." He 
leaves his carpenter's tools to his sons. He 
was a man of superior judgment, who did 
much to assist in the building up of the com- 
munity. By his wife who was probably Han- 
nah llnjH-, he had seven children: I. John, 
who is referred to below. 2. Hope, whose will 
was proved March 23, 1712, whose wife's 
name was Mary, and who was commissioned 
ensign January 10, 1690. and with his brother 
Sanniel was captain of militia in 1700. 3. 
William, born about 1662. died I'ebruary 2. or 
21. 1748 or 1749: married (first) probably 

Sarah ; (second) Elizabeth . 4. 

Sanuiel, born about ififiT). 5. Solomon, born 
about 1670. ^>. Ruth, married a Ludlam. 7. 
A (laughter, name unknown, who married a 
Rhodes. 

( \' ) John (21. son of John | i I and llan- 
nah Hope Car|)enter, was born in Coimecticut. 
about 1658. His will was ])roved July 30. 
1732. His residence w^as Jamaica, Long Island. 
.After Xovember 22. 1703. he took the oath 
as ca])tain of troo])s at Jamaica. He was 



STATE OF XKW 



■RSl-.V 



169 



assessed in 1683 at £78. His wife's name was 
Mary. Children: i. Xehemiah. born aboui 
1685, died April 25, 1821 : married Elizabeth 

. 2. John, is referred to below. 3. 

Solomon, born about 1686, died 1772. 4. Jo- 
seph, born about 1687; married probably 
I'hebe, daughter of Wait Smith. 5. Increase, 
born about 1688, died about 1776: married a 
i'.ergin. 6, Mary. 7. Hannah. 8. Susanna. 
9. Phebe. 

(\'l) John 13), son of John (2) and Mary 
Carpenter, was born about 1685. He was 
called "John the Sheriff," to distinguish him 
from other Carpenters bearing his own name. 
The title was given him because he served as 
sheriff of Orange county, Xew York. .\t 
one time he declined. His wife married for 
her seconil husband, Mr. Thurston. Shortly 
after his marriage he removed from Long 
Island to Goshen, Xew York, where he died. 
Piy his wife Ruth Coe he had nine children: 
I. Ruth, born about 1720; married ( first I 
Ephraim Marston : (second) Peter Stagg. 2. 
Daniel, born about 1720, died March 10, 1790; 
married Susan Thompson. 3. Increase. 4. 
Isaac, married (first) Susanna ( Horton ) 
Little : ( second ) Susanna (McKinney ) Thomp- 
son. 5. Temperance, married Jeremiah Curtis. 
6. John, referred to below. 7. Benjamin, born 
about 1750, died 181 1 ; married Eunice, sister 
to f. Stewart. 8. Closes, y. Susanna, died 
March 17. 1790; married a Howell. 

(\ II) John (4), son of John (3) and Ruth 
(Coe) Carpenter, born June 3, 1730 (or Feb- 
ruary, 1745, according to another account), 
died February, 1800, He is said to have repre- 
sented Orange county in the colonial assembl) 
in 1778, also at one time to have been a judge 
of the same county. He is sometimes called 
"John the Distiller." He moved to Washing- 
ton town, north of Albany, New York, and 
went into the distillery business, which in those 
days was considered highly honorable, and 
accumulated much property. He was a man 
of knowledge, held many important offices, aiul 
was at one time a member of the assembly of 
New York. He was a successful and |3roniinent 
business man. January 31, 1779. he married 
Abigail, born .August 29, 7758, died April 21, 
1841 , daughter of Benjamin and Louise ( Cory ) 
Moore, who survived her husband and after 
his death married Hezekiah X. Woodruff. This 
was his seconil marriage. His first wife, name 
supposed to have been Frances, bore him three 
children. The remaining nine were the issue 
of the second marriage. These children were : 
1. Margaret, born .\pril 30. 1773. 2. Elinor. 



born October .'j. 1775. 3. James, baptized 
.September 21. 1777. 4. Cynthia, born May 23. 
1782: married Philip C. Schuyler. 5. John 
Coe. referred to below. 6. .\bigail. born Au- 
gust 21, 1787; married John Sherwood. 7 
.Susan, born 1795, married Truman Hart. 8. 
I'enjamin, born .April 4, 1783, married Char- 
lotte P.. .\lden. 9. Mary, born July 28, 1789. 
marricil John C. Wynans. 10. Tc-niperance, 
born June 2=,. 1791 ; died .\ugust 2. 1831 ; mar- 
ried Sands Higinbothan. ir. Isaac, born Sep- 
tember 19. 1793: married (first) Cynthia Sa- 
mantha Coodwin : (second) Emehne Wood- 
ward. 12. Elizal)eth. born Jid\- 19. r7<>8; mar- 
ried a Leonard. 

(Mil) John Coe. son of John and Abigail 
( Moore) (Tarpenter. was born May 4, 1784. 
He lived at first at Windham. Green county. 
.\'ew ^'ork. and later in I'ayettesville or Man 
lius. Onondaga county, Xew York. By his 

first wife Mead, he had three children. 

In 1807 he married (second) Hannah Bab- 
cock, of Coventry, Connecticut, who bore him 
one more child. Children: 1. John, referred 
to below. 2. Eliza, born January i, 1801, mar- 
ried .Asahel Peck. 3. Cynthia, born September 
21, 1803, married a Kenney. 4. Sands Coe, 
born about 1815, married Mary Clark. 

( IX ) John, eldest child of John Coe Car- 
penter by his first wife, was born at Windham, 
Green county. Xew York. December 13. 1805, 
died in Woodbury, Xew Jersey, July 21. 1891. 
He took to the printing trade while yet a boy, 
securing an apprenticeship in the office of the 
Herkimer Herald. He became its acting editor 
during his apprenticeship, and at the age of 
nineteen, difTering with the opinion of the 
editor as to the [iresidential candidates, he 
bought the balance of his apprenticeship and 
the paper with it, and transferred his support 
from .\dams to Jackson. The people of Herki- 
mer county in the election of 1824 sustained 
the cause of the new editor. In i82f') Mr. 
Carpenter was induced to remove to Oswego, 
Xew York, where he helped to establish the 
Oswego PaUadiiim. which is yet prosjierous 
and influential and one of the oldest Demo- 
cratic papers in Xew Y'ork state. The greater 
part of John Carpenter's younger life was 
spent in Oswego, which he saw grow from a 
little village and become a city of considerable 
conniiercial importance to the country. It is 
interesting to note that Mr, Carpenter took 
the first iron printing press used in' Oswego 
from Albany, Xew York, on a sleigh. After 
about twenty years labor on the Palladium (dur- 
ing which time it did good service for his party. 



IJO 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



being the paper which in the 1840 campaign 
got from General Harrison and published a 
famous letter in which he confessed that he 
had a ]iolitical committee of three to keep his 
j)olitical conscience and tell what his opinions 
were on jniblic issue), Mr. Carpenter sold the 
printing office in order to accept the clerkship 
of the county, to which he had been elected. 
but he afterwards for many years contributed 
to the political columns of the paper. 

Throughout his life he was a strict adherent 
to the old party of Jefferson. His first vote 
for president was for Andrew Jackson, and his 
last for Grover Cleveland, and in his old age 
he expressed himself glad to know that for 
more than half a century he had never failed 
to discharge his duty as a citizen in voting at 
every election. He removed to New Jersey 
a few years before his death, as he was warned 
by a second attack of pneumonia that he could 
no longer stand the Lake Ontario winters, but 
he so timed his removal as to cast his vote in 
New York state and become a resident of New 
Jersey the same day. In 1876, when he had 
voted for the one-hundredth time, he was 
elected by acclamation to rejjresent the Oswego 
district in the Democratic state convention of 
New York, with a very complimentary resolu- 
tion by the county convention. He was as 
unselfish as he was devoted to the party of his 
preference. When he did not like its candi- 
dates he supported them for their cause. When 
his own views failed to prevail he promptly 
accepted those of the majority as distinct from 
the regular council of the party. In no other way 
he believed could a party and its ])rinciples be 
sustained and its policy carried to triumph 
for the good and glory of the country, l-'rom 
1852 to 1856 he was a member of the New 
York Democratic committee. He was a staunch 
friend and adherent of President Van Buren. 
When in 1848 Air. \'an Hurcn started his own 
j)ersonal jiarty, Mr. Carpenter stood almost 
alone in his section in support of the regular 
ticket of the New York convention. In fact, 
Mr. Nathan Robbins, then collector of the 
j)ort of Oswego, was the only other person at 
the time in the Democratic county who with 
Mr. Carpenter sujiportcd the regular electoral 
ticket. Oswego after tliis used to be a Demo- 
cratic county, and Mr. Carpenter was several 
times elected a member of its board of super 
visors and took a prominent and noble part in 
the county management. 

He was as devoted to domestic duties and 
to his private affairs as he was to his duties 
as a citizen. He won warm and universal 



esteem as a neighbor. He was unselfishly and 
untiringly active as long as his eye and hand 
had strength to labor. Only a few weeks be- 
fore his death he had helped effectively in the 
office of the Glouccstor County Democrat, the 
paper of his son James. The last eight years 
of his life were spent in comfort at his son's 
home in Woodbury, New Jersey. 

John Carpenter married (first) August 20. 

1828, Sarah L., daughter of Andrew Ferrill. 
M. D., of Herkimer, New York, who died 
September 14, 1844, having borne him eight 
children. January 3, 1848, he married (sec- 
ond) Mary, daughter of Judge Edmund 
Hawkes, of Oswego, New York, born Decem- 
ber 16, 1 82 1, who bore him seven children. 
Children of John and Sarah L. (Ferrill) Car- 
])enter: i. Elizabeth Inez, born November 8. 

1829. died July 22. 1830. 2. Harriet Louisa, 
born February 22, 1832, died April i, 1839. 
3. .\nn Eliza, July 12, 1834, died March 20. 
1878; married (first) David W. Andrews. 
( second ) lulward Hatch. 4. Catherine Lord. 
.March 2, 1836, died .Vpril 18, 1880. 5. Sarah 
Lucretia, August 30, 1838 ; married David 
Davis. 6. John, born August 6, or 27, 1840; 
lives Clinton, New Jersey. From 1872 to 1874 
he was member of the New Jersey assembly, 
1883 to 1885 of the New Jersey senate, 1889- 
1890-1892 secretary of the senate. Since 1868 
he has been proprietor and editor of the Clinton 
Democrat. He married Sarah Stewart, of New 
York City. 7. Andrew Israel, July 31, 1842, 
died September 12, 1859, unmarried. 8. Will- 
iam Henry, born August i, 1844: postmaster 
nf Clinton, and partner of his brother John; 
married Jennie I'erry. Children of John and 
Alary (Hawkes) Carpenter: 9. Infant son, 
born March 3, 1849, 'l'^*^ same year. 10. Ed- 
ward Hawk, born March 11, 1850, lives in 
Jackson, Michigan; married Kitty Wilder. 11. 
.Mary Louisa, July 14. 1852, died November 
3, 1878: married P'rank .\. Lease, of Oswego; 
two children. 12. James Dunton, referred to 
below. 13. Laura, .August 3, 1856, died Octo- 
ber 17. 1892; married Lieutenant Samuel P. 
(,'nnily. now .Admiral, U. S. N., of Woodbury. 
14. Harriet Hawkes. born .August 2, 1858; 
married Henry N. (iallagher. 15. Daisy, Sep- 
tember 13, 1S59, died May 21, 1864. 

( X ) James Dunton, fourth child and third 
son of John and Mary (Hawkes) Carpenter, 
was born in Oswego, New York, September 
'), 1854, and is now living in Woodbury, New 
Jersey. For his early education he was sent 
to the public schools of Oswego, after leaving 
which he went into the printing office of the 



STATE OF NEW [ERSEV 



Clinton Democrat, and learned the trade of 
printer. Here he worked until March 13, 1879, 
when he came to Woodbury, New Jersey, and 
bought one-half interest in the Gloucester 
County Democrat. Two years later, in 1881, 
he became the sole owner of that paper, which 
has been in his possession and under his man- 
agement ever since. His conduct of the paper 
has been most successful to himself and satis- 
factory to his subscribers and constituents, so 
much so, in fact, that the paper now has the 
largest circulation of any newspaper in the 
county, and its offices are among the finest 
e(iuipped in the printing business throughout 
the state of Xew Jersey. Mr. Carpenter, like 
his father, has always been very much interest- 
ed in politics, and the Democratic party, not 
only of Gloucester county, but also in the state 
and nation, owes much to his energetic and 
statesmanlike efforts in its behalf. That they 
have recognized this is shown by tlie ofifices of 
confidence, trust and responsibility which they 
have called upon him to fill. He has been for 
nearly a quarter of a century the chairman of 
the Democratic county committee. From 1890 
to 1893 he was one of the chosen freeholders 
of the county from Woodbury, New Jersey, 
and he has several times been a candidate on 
the Democratic ticket for the New Jersey 
assembly. Mr. Carpenter is one of the trustees 
of the Central Baptist Church of Woodbury, 
and he is also a member of Woodbury Lodge, 
No. 54. Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
of New Jersey. 

James Dunton Carpenter married, March 
13, 1884, Harriet, born May 15, 1855, daugh- 
ter of • Fish, of Salem county. New 

Jerse}-. Children: i. James Dunton, junior, 
born February 10, 1885 ; graduated from the 
law school of the I'uiversity of Pennsylvania, 
1909, and is now an attorney in Jersey City, 
Mew Jersey. 2. Catherine Grey, born August 
3, 1888: now a student at Bucknell University. 

3. Edmiuid Haxvkes. born May 28, 1890; now 
a junior at the University of Pennsylvania. 

4. Harriet Martin, born November 11, 1894, 
at present a student in the high school at Wood- 
burv. 



The first syllable of this 
\ AX WINKLE name, found so often in 

early Dutch names of 
New York, is equivalent in English to "of" or 
"from," and its use arose from the fact that 
the present usage of surnames had not been 
adopted in Plolland at the time the Dutch 
immigrants settled New .Amsterdam (New 



York). An individual was distinguished by 
adding "from" or "of" to the place of his birth 
or recent residence. There was also used by 
the Dutch people the termination "sen" on a 
name, which signified "son of," and this seems 
to have been the form employed by the immi- 
grant of this family. In the feminine this 
termination was made "se," and so we find 
the termination indicating parentage. It is 
spread over a large portion of New Jersey 
and New York and is now found in many 
remote localities, in many cases borne by men 
iif distinguished ability, and the family has 
everywhere manifested the Dutch traits of in- 
dustry and thrift, which have done so much 
for the development of this region. 

(T) The first of whom we have record of 
a Christian name was Jacob Waling (often 
written Waligen), a contraction of Walingsen, 
meaning son of Waling, who resided in the 
village of Winkel, in North Holland.' The 
time of liis arrival is uncertain. He married, 
at Xew Amsterdam, about 1645, Tryntje 
Jacobs. He is supposed to have arrived at 
Manhattan, New Netherland (now New York 
City) in 1635, sailing from the port of Hoorn 
nu the ship "Koning (King) David," the 
skipper being David Pietersen de \'ries. The 
syllable "de" preceding the last name is the 
Dutch definite article corresponding to the 
English "the," and the whole surname de Vries 
means in English "the Free," and corresponds 
to the English surname "Freeman." 

Jacob \\ alingen was from \\'inkel, which is 
about fifteen miles northwest of Hoorn. After 
a temjjorar)- stop at New Amsterdam he prob- 
ably continued his voyage on board the same 
vessel up the Hudson river one hundred and 
fifty miles to the Dutch settlement of Rens- 
selaerwyck, subsequentl}' called Greenbush, 
opposite Albany. It seems that Jacob, who 
was known in that settlement by the name of 
"Waelingen." returned to New Amsterdam in 
fanuary, i(^2,'}. The name is found with many 
varied spellings in the old Dutch records, but 
the heading of this article is now universally 
used. It is plain that his father's Christian 
name was Waling. He is sometimes referred 
tij in New Amsterdam records as "Jacob Wal- 
ing van Hoorn," that is, from Hoorn. On 
January 12, 1639, he gave testimony in New 

1. We are indebted to Albert WaUng Van Winkle. 
Esq.. of New York City, for most of the genealogical 
Information and data contained in this sketch of 
the first generation of the Van Winkle family. 

There is great variety In spelling of Christian 
names in early generations of this family. In each 
narrative we adopt the form preserved by that par- 
ticular branch. 



STATE (JF XEW |RRSEY, 



Amstt-nhim against David de \ ries respecting 
one Cicero Piere, which shows that Jacob Wal- 
ing was then a resident of tliat place. He was 
chosen one of the board of "twelve men," 
representatives of the "commonalty of Man- 
hattan, Breuckelen and Pavonia" (the latter 
now Jersey City, New Jersey), August 29, 
1641, to suggest means to punish the Indians 
for a murder they had committed. This board 
was abolished the next year. In 1649 he peti- 
tioned the Dutch West India Company in be- 
half of himself and associates for permission 
to lead an e.xpedition to take up lands and 
form a Dutch settlement on the "Fresh" ( now 
Connecticut) river. This petition was refused. 
This was the occasion on July 28, 1649. of a 
subse(|uent remonstrance from the inhabitants 
of Xew Xetherland. May 12. 1650. "Jacob 
W'aelingen" was at Rensselaerwyck with his 
wife and children, and was about to leave the 
colony. Efforts were made to retain him bv 
offering him the choice of several farms, but 
he declined the offer. ( )n October I that year 
he received permission to remove to Man- 
hattan, where his son Jacob was baptized in 
the Dutch Church "in the Fort" on October 16 
same year: and Ijefore the end of that year he 
and his wife were enrolled as members of the 
Dutch church of .\'ew .\msterdani, the first of 
the kind that was organized in .America. It 
has continued <lown to the present time, and is 
now known as the Collegiate Reformed Church, 
having eight places of worship in Xew York 
City. Petrus Stuyvesant, director general, and 
his council, issued. October 23, 1654, a patent 
for twenty-five morgans (about fifty-three 
acres ) of land to "Jacob W'alingen van Iloorn." 
This was situated behind the "Kill van Kol," 
and is now known as P>ergen Point. Xew Jer- 
sey. Jacob settled on this land soon after, and 
was driven from his home with the other set- 
tlers, by the Indians, in Scjitember, 1655. At 
this time one hundred Dutcli were killed, one 
hundred and fifty were carried into captivitv. 
and over three hundred deprived of their 
hotnes. and their grain and cattle destro\ed or 
stolen. On .\pril 17, \(^-,~. "Jacob W'alingh' 
was admitted to the rights of a small burgher, 
which entitled him to the freedom of trade, and 
the i)rivilege of being received into the guilds 
of .Manhattan. He died between that date and 
.August 17 same year. On the latter date his 
widow married Jacob Stoffelsen, of Middle- 
burgh, the capital of Zeeland. Stoffelsen had 
lost his first wife. Ides van Voorst, in the 
spring of 1641. .At the time of this marriage, 
there were living the following six minor chil- 



dren'of Jacob Waling, who were placed under 
guardians: i. Grietje. born about 1646; mar- 
ried, .August 30, 1665, Elias Michielse (Vree- 
land). 2. Waling, referred to below. 3. Jacob, 
born about 1650; married (first), December 
15, 1675, .Aeltje Daniels; (second), March 26, 
1695, (jrietje Ilendricks Hollings. 4. Jacomyn- 
tje, born about 1652 : married. Xovember 24. 
i<)72, Roelof Stetting. 5. Symon, see sketch. 
(>. .Knnetje, born January 2, 1656; married, 
Xovember 30. 1676, Johannis Steynmets. 

March 31, iC/jS. Governor Carteret granted 
a confirmatory patent to the former widow of 
"Jacob \\'allingen van Hoorn," and June 17 
same year she married Michael Tates ( Tades), 
widower, of Harlaem : on March 15, 1671, she 
luarried Lieutenant Casper Stynmets, of Harsi- 
mus, a member of the Bergen militia. She died 
May II, 1677, at Dergen, and Xovember 10, 
1677. the title of Tryntje to the six acres of 
land at Ilarsimus, used by lier for a garden 
and orchard, was confirmed to Casjjer Styn- 
mets. Harsimus is now a part of the Fourth 
Ward of Jersey City. Xew Jersey. She was 
his third wife. The children of Jacob Walitig 
adopted the patronymic "Jacobse," that is, chil- 
dren of Jacob. The son Jacob settled in Hud- 
son count)-, Xew Jersey, and Ijecame founder 
there of the \'an Winkel family. The sons 
Waling and .Symon were two of the fourteen 
])atentees of .\c(|uackanonk. now known as 
Passaic. Xew Jersey. \ arious names were 
;i]iplied to them and their descendants, such as 
"Waling Jacobse van Winkel." "Waling Jacob- 
sen van Winckel." "Jacob Walings," "Simon 
\an Winkel," and "Johannes Wallings." 

(H) Waling lacnb^en. a|)parently second 
s(_>n 'if Jacnb Waling \ an Hoorn (or van 
Winkel). was born aljout i')48. and resided in 
llergen. which then described the region about 
Jersey City. He married, March 15. 1671, 
("atharina .Michielse |\'reeland), evidently a 
daughter of Michael \'reeland. He was nomi- 
nated by the i)eoi)le of Bergen, .August 15. 
i(>74, under the name of "Walinck Jacobse." 
for schepen- of the "Court of Justice at Ber- 
gen." and on the 31st of same month he re- 
ceived his commission. It was a court with 
county jurisdiction, and "only honest, intelli- 
gent persons, owners of real estate, who were 

2. A .Ktandard Dutch and Engli.sh Dictionary defines 
.Scliepen as ".ludge." ".Justice." See C. H. Winfleld'a 
'History of Hudson County." "Walinck .lacohse:" 
page S4. Appointment as Schepen, Page 74. Name 
of Court (see "Ordinance") "A Court of .Justice at 
Rerfren." Page T.'i. "Necessary to choo.se as .Judges, 
honest, intelligrent persons." etc. Page 84. 442. Ellas 
Michielse was a Schepen of tills same Court, and 
WIntleid refers to him as "Associate Judge of the 
Court of Horgen." 



STATE OF NEW ll-.RSE^- 



'7,5 



lovers of peace * * * and professors of 
the Reformed Religion" could be "chosen as 
judges" of this court. The yearly salary of 
this position was about Sioo of present cur- 
rency. Me was one of those who received an 
Indian deed froin Sachem Captaheni for the 
territory of Acquackanonk, March 28, 1679. 
|une 30. 1682, he lived at Barbadoes Neck and 
owned land there. The Indian title to .•\cquack- 
anonk was confirmed to the Indian grantees by 
patent from the Lord Proijrietors of New 
jersey. March 16, 1684. This tract of about 
eleven thousand acres of land extended from 
the northerly line of Newark, New Jersey, 
along the westerly bank of the Passaic river, 
to the base of the mountain beyond the Passaic 
Falls at Paterson. New Jersey. "Waling 
Jacobse" was a member of the general assem- 
bly of the ])rovince of New Jersey, represent- 
ing Acquackanonk in 1692, and the following 
year was a representative from Piarbaboes 
Xeck. June 30, 1695, the lands of "Wallen 
Jacobs" at New Barbadoes, Essex county, ad- 
joined those of Isaac Kingsland. Waling was 
one of the founders of the Acquackanonk 
church, now known as the First Reformed 
Church of Passaic, was elected an elder in 
May, 1696, and re-elected May 20, 1701. The 
will of "Waling Jacobsen van Winckel, of 
Acquackanung, in the county of Essex, 
farmer," is dated November i, 1707, "in the 
Sixth year of the Glorious Reign of our Sov- 
ereign Lady Anne." His wife, "Catharina van 
Winckele, is sole executrix." He leaves her 
".\11 my whole estate during her natural life." 
Her surname is also spelt in the will "van 
Winckle" and "van Winckel." "After the 
decease of my wife, my eldest son Jacob van 
Winckle shall have paid to him out of my said 
estate, before any division shall be made, 
Twenty Shillings." He gives to each of his 
three sons— "Jacob van Winckel," and "my 
second son Machiel (spelt Michael in another 
place ) van Winckel," and "my third son Jo- 
hannes van Winckel" — a "house lot containing 
six acres of land." Jacob receives the lot 
"where he at present lives upon," the lot to 
Machiel "being the midle side of the three 
lots :" the lot to Johannes "being the nortljeast 
side whereupon the house barn and orchard 
stands." He also gives to "each of his three 
sons" "one equal third of his said land, being 
the southwest side of my land," which "shall 
be understood only for the five hundred acres 
of land lying on Passaick river, between the 
land of Tadus Machielsen and Mr. Kingsland." 



"M)' said three sons shall pay due and e(|ual 
shares and portions out of the mentioned ap 
praisement of said land to his and their sisters, 
without exception or fraud." ".\11 my children 
shall divide my said estate equally." The son 
.\braham is not named in the will, which was 
executed "at Achquackenung. at my common 
dwelling house in the south chamber of said 
house, about four of the clock in the after- 
noon." Witnesses : Simon Jacobs van Winckel 
( a brother of the testator who was living at 
the date of probate of this will, and upon his 
testimony same was probated ) , Miggil Tades, 
John Conrad Codweis. Will probated Sej)- 
tember 12, 1729, recorded in office of secretary 
of state at Trenton, New Jersey, in liber B of 
Wills, p. 133. The following is a photographic 
copy of the autograph of Judge Waling Jacol)- 
sen van Winckel as signed to his will : 

Children: .\nnetje. Jacob. Michael. Tryntje, 
johannis (referred to below), Sarah and 
Abraham. 

(HI) Johannis, third son of Waling Jacob- 
sen and Catharina (Vreeland) Van Winckel, 
was born October 2, 1682. He was a member 
of the Acquackanonk church, and held the 
following offices therein: May, 1723, elected 
deacon; May, 1754. elected elder and trustee; 
April 23, 1756, was an elder of the Totowa 
Church, from Acquackanonk; June, 1756, re- 
tired as trustee: 1759, retired as elder. Many 
records appear where he and his wife were 
sponsers at the baptism of children. He was 
evidently a farmer in the vicinity of Passaic. 
He married, September 30, 1710, Hillegond 
Si]), baptized August 28, 16&7, daughter of 
Jan Adrianse and Johanna (van Vorst) Sip. 
Her father was born May 24, 1662, and her 
mother baptized .\pril 16, 1666. Jan A. Sip 
was lieutenant of the Bergen militia 1703-11. 
and afterwards became captain. In the mar- 
riage record Johannis is called "Johannis Wal- 
ings van Winckel from Acquackanonk," and 
his bride, "Hillegond Sippe from Bergen." In 
his' will, dated January 6, 1758, he is described 
as "Johannis walingse vanwinkel. of New bar- 
badoes Neck, in the county of Bergen and 
easterly division of New Jersey." To his 
'wife Hillegond vanwinkel" he leaves the use 
of one-third of his real and personal estate 
during the time she remains his widow and 
also "full possession and enjoyment of the 
rooms sellar upper room kitchen barn as now 



'74 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



by u^ eiijuyccl. witli full power tu sell and 
dispose of the moveable goods and household 
furniture." If his wife "chuse to give up the 
management of the plantation unto my son 
Waling, then lie shall find my wife a suitable 
decent and comfortable support of life, or 
such an annual sum of money during her 
widdowliood as she shall be willing to con- 
sent untcj." He gives all his land in the count} 
of Uergen. Essex, or elsewhere, to his "son 
waling vanwinkel forever." He also gives to 
each of his two daughters, "Catrina, the wife 
of Pieter H. Pieterse." (Merselis) and 
"annatje, the wife of Johannis Sip, one hun- 
dred and fifty pounds currant lawful money 
of Xew York." .\ true inventory of the move- 
able estate must be taken, and after the death 
or remarriage of his wife same is to be equally 
divided between his said three children. He 
apjjoints "my son waling vanwinkel and Pieter 
H. Pieterse my son-in-law executors." Wit- 
nesses: "David Alarinus" (the pastor of the 
.\c(|nackanonk Church), "Johannis J. Van- 
winkel" anil Corneles Vanvorst." On probate 
of will. October 19, 1769, the testator is de- 
scribed as "Johannis Walings \'an Winkel." 
The executors were then alive and qualified 
the same day. Will recorded in office of secre- 
tary of state. Trenton, New Jersey, in Book 
K of Wills, p. 155. Children: Catrina, .Xnna- 
tje, and W'aling, referred to below. 

(I\') Waling, only son of Johannis and 
Hillegond (Sip) Van Winkel, was born at 
".'\ghqueecknonk." He was appointed a justice 
of the peace in the county of Bergen. Wednes- 
day, November 22. 1769, at a council held at 
Burlington, New Jersey, by His Excellency 
William I'ranklin, Esquire, son of Benjamin 
Franklin. Mis will is dated May 29, 1774, in 
which he describes himself as of New Barba- 
does. in the county of Bergen, in the eastern 
division of the province of New Jersey. .\t 
the date of his decease he owned lands, houses, 
barns, stables, horses, cattle and farm pro- 
flucts "in the county of Bergen," and also had 
land "Faying near the Great Falls (Passaic 
Falls) within the limits of AclK|ueghenonck 
Patten in the county of Essex." lie refers 
to his wife in his will as follows: "My will 
is that my beloved wife Yannity shall possess 
and enjoy all my estate both real and personal 
during the time she doth continue to be my 
widow-." He also names in his will his sisters 
".Annatje" and "Catriena." The will is wit- 
nessed by Morris Van Wagenen, Jacob Van 
W'agonen and Hessel Pcterse. The following 



i> a photographic copy of the autograph of 
W'aling \'an Winkel as signed to his will : 

It was [iroved March 23, 1784, before .\bra- 
iiam Westervelt, surrogate, and is recorded in 
Liber M of Wills, p. 259, &c. It was ordered 
by the provincial congress of New Jersey, at 
New Brunswick, Wednesday, February 28, 
1770. that "W'alling \'an Winkle" hold the 
office of ensign of the Pollifly militia company 
in the jjrecincts of New Barbadoes, county of 
P.ergen. He probably died about the first of 
the year 1784. Me married, June 8, 1743, 
being then described as a "young man born 
and living at Aghqueecknonk," and she as 
Jannetje \'an Houten, "maiden, born and living 
at Totua." She was born February 24, 1719, 
and died .April 12, 1769, daughter of Jacob 
\ an Houton, of Totowa, and Marietje Sickels, 
his wife. The children named in his will for 
whom he liberally provided are: John (re- 
ferred to below), Jacob, Cornelius, Hillegont, 
W'aling. Alaritje, Helmich (or Halmagh). 

(\') John, eldest child of Waling and Jan- 
netje (\'an Houton) "van Winkel," was born 
about 1744. He purchased on July i, 1766, of 
.Abraham Rittan. a farm of one hundred acres 
at "Toawetomack," lying in Saddle river 
(tt)wnship) in the county of Bergen, on the 
Passaic river, and here settled and spent his 
life: he is described to this deed as "Johannis 
\'an Winkle." In the fall of 1780 a part of 
the .\merican army ( New Jersey and Pennsyl- 
vania troops) removing from Newburgh, was 
encamped on his farm, and some of the officers 
took their meals at his house. He was evi- 
dently an extensive landholder. .A deed 
executed June 23, 1798, to "John Van Winkle." 
shows that he inirchased of Jacob Smith, for 
.'^S.ooo. a farm and buildings at Little Falls, 
on the east side of the Passaic river. He pur- 
chased this as a home for his son \\^aling, who 
had recently married. .About I7<)9, while re- 
turning from a visit to his son at I^ittle Falls 
to his liome at Totow'a, he was rowed in a boat 
on the Passaic river by a negro slave. During 
the voyage he passed away from an attack of 
heart failure, and his body was carried home 
by the slave. .At this time he was the owner 
of two hundred and fifty-two acres of land at 
Totowa, with live stock, houses, barns, stables 
and other buildings, as well as real estate and 




C^AlxSJwI'lAJali^QjhwAj ^IlU-hJ<A 



STATE OF NE-W" JERSEY. 



175 



buildings at Little Falls. He also owned the 
lowermost island lying in the Passaic river 
below the Little Falls, between the counties of 
Bergen and Essex containing seven and thirty- 
five hundredths of an acre. He married, about 
1765. Gerretje, of Acquackanonk, daughter of 
Helmich and Jannetje (\'an tlouten ) Sip. 
Gerretje died before her husband. Children: 
Jannetje, Walling (Isaac) (referred to below ), 
Helmich (William). 

(\'I ) \\'alling Isaac, eldest son of John and 
Gerretje (Sip) "\"an Winkle," was born June 
6, 1772, and baptized on the 28th of same 
month, his sponsors being Hendrick \'an 
W'agenen and liillegont \'an Winkel, uncle and 
aunt of the infant. He was a small boy during 
the war of the revolution, antl remembered 
seeing some soldiers of the Continental army in 
cam]) at his father's farm. He recalled that 
liis father had complained that they cut down 
a grove of fine trees which they used for fuel 
in their camp fires. One day while he was 
carrying a pail of milk to the house of a sick 
neighbor, he was met by several soldiers who 
drank the milk and returned to him the empty 
pail. Soon after his marriage he settled at 
Little Falls, on the farm purchased for him 
by his father, which on the death of the latter, 
intestate, together with the lowermost island 
lying in the Passaic river below the Little 
Falls, was released to him by his brother and 
sister. The father is described in these re- 
leases as "John \'an Winkle, late of Totowa, 
deceased." On IMarcli 2~ . 1801, Walling Isaac 
purchased thirty-eight and three quarters of 
an acre of land in the township of Acquacka- 
nonk. beginning at the north corner of the road 
leading from Paterson to Peckman's river. 
\Valling Isaac died July 8, 1857. He married, 
October 29, 1797, Sally (Sarah), daughter o{ 
Abraham and Maragrieta (Kingsland) (^arra- 
brant, of Stone House Plains, New Jersey. Feb- 
ruary 6, 1802, Abraham Garrabrant conveyed to 
tlie trustees of the Dutch Church of Stone House 
Plains, for a meetinghouse, "a lot in the north- 
west corner of his farm, a few rods southwest 
of the Great-Rock, known by the name of 
.Stone-House," consideration "one cent." The 
following is a copy of the autograph of Wall- 
ing Isaac \'an Winkle in the year 1805 : 

Sally survived her husband nearly eleven 
years, dying June 19, 1868. Her will is dated 
October 19. t8(t6. and was probated February 



9, 1869; her personal estate exceeded ten thous- 
and dollars. Children: Margaret (Peggy), 
Jane (Jennie), Abraham Garrabrant Waling, 
Mary Garrabrant (died young), Mary .Ann, 
John Waling (referred to below). 

(\'II) John Waling, second son of Walling 
Isaac and Sarah (Garrabrant) \'an Winkle, 
was born September 12, 181 1, at Stone House 
Plains, and was baptized December i, of the 
same year. He was educated at the Acquack- 
anonk School (now Passaic), New Jersey, and 
subsequently settled in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he engaged in the dry goods, silk 
and notion business, which he conducted for a 
number of years. He died F"ebruary 26, 1902. 
I lis will is dated December 11, 1885. He mar- 
ried, in 1 841, Margaret, born about 181 5. 
daughter of Daniel and Priscilla (Warren) 
MacCurdy. Daniel MacCurdy, born 1776; 
died November 7, 1854, was a descendant of 
Robert Mackurdey, or Garachty, Scotland, and 
Janet F'raser, his wife. Daniel's wife, Priscilla 
Warren, was born about 1782 and died about 
1862. Their daughter Margaret, wife of John 
Waling Van Winkle, died September 18, 1850. 
Children of John W'aling and Margaret (ATac- 
Curdy ) \'an Winkle: Albert \Valing (re- 
ferred to below), Theodore MacCurdy (re- 
fered to below), Emma, John. The last two 
(lied in infancy. 

( \"III) Albert Waling, eldest child of John 
Waling and Margaret (MacCurdy) Van 
Winkle, was born April 17, 1842, in Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, and died December 30, 
1909. He attended the grammar school of 
Columbia College, New York City, and subse- 
([ently the academy at Bloomfield, New Jersey, 
where he graduated. He entered the law 
school of Harvard University, September 15, 
]86h, and graduated June 29, 1869, with the 
degree of LL. B. He was admitted by the New 
York supreme court at the city of New York, 
May 7, 1870, as an attorney and counsellor at 
law, and immediately entered upon the general 
practice of the law in said city. He was a 
member of the Collegiate Church of St. Nich- 
olas, corner of Forty-eighth street and Fifth 
avenue. New York City, one of the branches 
of the Old Dutch Church "in the Fort" of New 
.\msterdam. in which his first American an- 
cestor was married, and his children baptized, 
aufl of which he was a leading member. He 
was also a member of the Holland Society of 
Xevi' York. From .\pril, 1903, he was presi- 
dent, diiector. counsel and a stockholder of the 
business corporation of R. S. Luc|ueer & Com- 
pany, of New York City, established in 1814, 



STATE (JF XKW lERSEV 



having ])n.'\ icmsly been vice-president of the 
same organization. He was also a director 
and counsel of tlie Gas Stove L'tensil Corpora- 
tion of Xew York City. Mr. \'an Winkle 
s])ent nnuii time in pursuing the record of his 
ancestors in New Xetherland, New Jersey, 
and New York, and to his care and pains in 
this direction, is due much of the matter con- 
tained in this narrative. 

(IX) Theodore MacCurdy, second son of 
John Waling and Margaret (MacCurdy) Van 
Winkle, was born September 15, 1844, and 
died May 21, 1868. He attended and graduated 
from the Bloomfield Academy at liloomfield, 
Xew Jersey, under the principalship of James 
W. l<imdell. a noted educator of his day. He 
was ]irepared for college at Phillips Academy, 
Andover, Massachusett.s. and was within a 
few days of graduating from this institution 
when he died. His sterling worth and great 
promise are abundantly testified to by the 
following : 

Resolutions passed by the Class of '68, May 22, 
1868. on the death of Theodore MacCurdy Van 
Winkle: 

Whereas. It hath seemed good to our Heavenly 
Father, "who doth all things well." to remove from 
our number Theodore MacCurdy Van Winkle, who.se 
premature death has defeated the most cherished 
anticipations of his friends, and his own proudest 
hopes on earth ; 

Resolved. That while we deeply mourn that one 
to whom we were bound by many ties of alTection 
and respect, is thus early in life taken from us. yet 
we have reason to believe that he has entered upon 
a nobler and purer life. 

Resolved, That we extend our sympathy to the 
bereaved family and friends, weeping with them in 
their sorrow. 

Resolved. That in token of our respect and affec- 
tion for our deceased friend we wear the customary 
badge of mourning for thirty days. 

Resolved. That copies of these resolutions be 
forwarded to the relatives of the deceased, and also 
be published in the "Andover Advertiser" and "New- 
ark Dailv." 

F. S. DENNIS, 
A. R. MERRIAM. 
C. K. CHURCH, 
Committee. 

Fliillips Academy. Andover, Mass., May 22nd, 1S6S." 



(l'"or lirsi generation see preceding sketch). 

( 11 ) Svmon, third son 
\ .\ X W I X K 1 . !•: and fi fth child of Jacobse 
W'alenjse (Jacob Wal- 
ing) and Tryntje (Jacobs) Van \\'inkle, was 
horn in Pavonia, Bergen township. East New 
Jersey, and bajjtized in the Dutch Reformed 
Church at I'.ergcn, .Xugust 24, 1653, In 1684 
he received grants from the governor-general 
and the council of iCast Xew lerscv of tin 



.\ci|uockanonk i'atent, and was one of the 
first settlers on the land thus granted. In the 
original patent his name is given as Symon 
Jacobse, thus designating him as a son of 
Jacobse \'an Winkle. The farm obtained 
through this grant is now covered by Aycrigg 
avenue and the lioulevard extension; his house 
stood on the River Drive, a little to the north 
of Aycrigg avenue, and the land was purchased 
from his descendants in 1812 by Adrian Al. 
Post. Symon \'an Winkle had another farm 
at \\'ea5le (now Clifton), Xew Jersey, and his 
])roperty was largely increased at the time of 
his marriage, as his wife was richly dowered 
with valuable lands and other possessions. He 
was married, December 15, 1675, to Annetje 
.\drianse Sip, in the Dutch Reformed Church 
at Bergen ( Jersey City ) , where they both lived 
at the time, later settling on the farm at Ac- 
quockanonk, where all their children were born. 
Children: i. Margretje. born about 1676: 
married Martin Winne. 2. Jacob, see forward. 

3. Johannes, born August 18, 1682; married 
Alagdeline Speer ; children : Simeon, Alex- 
ander, Jacob, .-\braham, Marinus, John, Cath- 
erine, Hannah, Mary, Leah, Rachel and Sarah. 

4. Simeon, baptized .\ugust 6, 1686; married 
(first) Printje Van Gieson, and had: Jan- 
nette and Helena; married (second) Antje 
Peitrina, widow, March 3, 1734, and had a 
son, Johannas. 5. Trintje, born April 2, 1688; 
married, March 23, 1706, Isaac C. Vreeland. 
6. Rachel, baptized October, 1690; married, 
Marcli 13, 1708, Johannes Kosinman. 7. Arie, 
married. October 2, 1705, Annetje Michaels. 
8. Aeltje, married, June 12, 1714, Jurian T. 
\'an Riper. Q. Gideon, married Jannetje 
Kosinman. 10. .Abraham, married, January, 
1753. Martje \'an Dyke, and had son Simeon. 
[I. I.eah, married Isaac Thasce. 12. Marinus, 
married, September 2, 1721, Geesje \'an Wag- 
oner, and died about 1767. 

( III ) Jacob, eldest son and second child of 
.Symon and .\nnetje .\drianse (Sip) Van 
Winkle, was born in .\cquockanonk, .\ugust 
<j, 1678. He married, .April 21, 1701, 
Jacomentje Mattheu.se \'an Nieuwkerck (Van 
Xewkirk), and had: Simeon (see forward) 
and Jacob, both mentioned in his will. 

(1\') Simeon, eldest son of Jacob and 
Jacomentje Mattheuse (\'an Xieuwkerck) 
\'an A\'inkle, was born about 1725, and was a 
soldier during the revolutionary war, serving 
with the New Jersey militia. He married, 
about 1750, Alargaretta Geretson. 

(\^) Simeon, son of Simeon and Margaretta 
(Geretson) \'an Winkle, was born .April 4, 



x*.^^ 




^5^J 



^ 



STATE OF xp:\\' ii-:rsf:v. 



1/7 



1752. He married Annetje Marselis. who was 
born March 28, 1755, and died April ly, 1809. 
Children : i. Jacob S., born December 6. 1776 : 
married. March 2, 1806, Elizabeth \'anderhoff ; 
children : Catherine and Cornelius. 2. Edo. 
born October 14, 1779, died Eebruary 14, 1852; 
see sketch. 3. Peter, see forward. 4. Cor- 
nelius S.. born January 13, 1785; died Febru- 
ary 2, 1843: was printer, corner Wall street^ 
and Broadway, author and publisher of "The 
]Vinter"s Guide :" married Lucinda Eveline 
Sherman ; children : Angeline, Lucinda, Au- 
gusta. Cordelia. Albert, Cornelius S.. John S.. 
born April 26, 1787, and Yanike, died young. 
(\T) Peter, third son and child of Simeon 
and .\nnetje (Marselis) \ an Winkle, was 
born June 27, 1782, in Bergen, New Jersey, 
and died in Xew York City, January 14, 1822. 
For many years he was a successful merchant 
in the city of New York, where he was a mem- 
ber of the firm of Van Winkle & Van Ant- 
werp. He served for some time in the militia, 
in which he was a commissioned officer. His 
circle of acquaintances was wide, and he was 
well and favorably known in business and 
social life. He married, October 20, 1805, 
Phoebe, born in Alorristown, New Jersey, No- 
vember 26, 1782: died March 16, 1871, daugh- 
ter of General .\braham Godwin, a soldier of 
the revolution, who joined the army of Wash- 
ington at Morristown as a volunteer, and came 
out of the struggle a colonel of the Continental 
army. Children: I. Henry Edwin, born De- 
cember 4. 1806: was author of a novel which 
met with no marked success, yet bore traces of 
considerable originality and force : he married, 
June 20, 1827, Maria Jackson, who died in 
.September, 1881 ; children: John Peter, Mary 
Elizabeth, daughter who died young, Henri- 
etta, Julia. Isabel and Eugene R. 2. Peter 
Godwin, born 1808; died April 15, 1872; was 
a distinguished lawyer, and a devoted son of 
the muses, writing incessantly in the style of 
Cowper and Goldsmith ; his devotion had not 
abated when he was crowned in mature life with 
senatorial honors as the representative at 
Washington of the new state of West Virginia. 
He married Juliette Rathbone. and had chil- 
dren : Rathbone, Godwin and Alary. 3. Ed- 
gar Simeon, see forward. 4. Adolphus Wall- 
ing, born August 16, 1812; died July 10, 1876: 
married, October 27, 1836, Petrina, daughter 
of Walling W. and Catharine (Van Voorhis) 
Van Winkle: she was born November 6, 1818, 
and died July 5, 1877. Children: Catharine, 
Peter Godwin, Adolphus Walling, Edgar 
Simeon, Walling Walingen, Emeline and Clara. 



5. Anna M., bt>rn April 14. 1814; died June 3, 
1873. (). Emeline. born March 17, 1816; died 
.May 17, 1845; married, September, 1838, .An- 
thony Yoeman ; one son, Anthony. 7. Child, 
died in infancy. 8. Margaret Elizabeth, born 
May 6, 1820; died November 2, 1897. 9. 
.\bram John, born May 30, 1822; died July 
27, 1898; married, December 24, 1847, Eliza 
( )ldis, born May 14, 1825 ; died April 16, 1891 ; 
children : Son, died in infancy ; Francis Oldis 
and Anna. 

(VIF) Edgar Simeon, third son and child 
of Peter and Phoebe (Godwin) Van Winkle, 
was born August 3. 1810, and died December 
<), 1882. On his father's death in 1822, the 
family removed to New Jersey, where he con- 
tinued his earlier education. The same in- 
dustry, rectitude, and steadiness of character 
which marked his after life, marked also the 
days of his boyhood. He pursued classical 
studies imti! he was fourteen at Nassau Hall 
Acadciuy. the principal of which, Dr. Sythoff, 
in a letter written to him soon after he left it. 
said: "I feel gratified to receive from you the 
])leasing expression of your attachment to Nas- 
sau Hall Academy, your Alma Mater, and I 
can in return say that she will ever be proud 
to recognize Edgar Van Winkle as one of her 
choicest sons." This was high praise from 
such a source for a boy of fourteen. After 
leaving Nassau Hall he commenced the study 
of law in the office of Hon. John P. Jackson, 
an eminent lawyer of Newark, in wdiich he re- 
mained for some time, until he entered the 
office of \\'illiam Slosson. Es(|., of New York, 
a lawyer of highest repute, with whom he con- 
tinued until his admission to the bar in 1831. 
From that time until his last illness, a period of 
more than fifty years, he was steadily engaged in 
the practice of his profession with the exception 
of a part of 1873, 'n which he visited Europe 
and saw much of public men and the courts, 
lioth in England and on the Continent. 

.^mong his fellow students in Mr. Slosson's 
office were Mr. John Slosson, afterwards a 
judge of the superior court ; Jonathan Law- 
rence, a brilliant and promising young man. who 
died early : and the late Cornelius Du Bois. 
who became and until his embarkation in com- 
mercial pursuits continued to be Mr. Van 
Winkle's professional partner. It is not extrava- 
gent to say of Mr. Van Winkle that he was a 
model lawyer. His close attention to his 
studies and duties was soon rewarded by a 
large clientage and full practice. Early and 
always a diligent and untiring student, he be- 
came master of the general principles of juris- 



178 



STATE OF NEW HORSEY. 



pnidfiKX-. and es])(.-cially familiar with that re- 
lating to trnsts, wills, real estate and com- 
mercial law. Among his leading clients were 
banks, trust companies, executors, guardians, 
and other trustees, and large commercial 
houses. He drew the charters and conducted 
the organization of several of the large monied 
corporations of the city and was their stand- 
ing counsel. Of one of the banks he was coun- 
.sel for tifty years. 

Endowed by nature with rare power of con- 
centrated and continuous thought, and with a 
sedate but active mind and strong good sense. 
he gave to every case in which he was engaged 
patient and thorough investigation and thought : 
and his cooL clear conclusions and judgment 
had as nearly the certainty of mathematics as 
pertains to the solution of questions of law. 
Such was the character of his mind that in 
every case submitted to him he sought for the 
intrinsic right rather than to discover whether, 
because of some particular decision, his client's 
case could ]iossibly, right or wrong, be sustain- 
ed. 1 f it were not clearly tenable he advised 
and in most cases secured, reasonable and 
proper adjustments and settlements. Had it 
not been, as it was absolutely with him, a matter 
of principle to take this course, it would have 
been wise as a matter of policy for, where he 
did proceed with litigation, there was almost 
a presumption that the right was on the side 
he advocated, and courts and juries would 
feel that it had the sanction of his judgment 
and convictions. In cases thus considered he 
was very generally successful. As an illustra- 
tion of this we may mention that he prevailed 
in nine of the last eleven cases which he argued 
in the court of appeals. One of his most 
marked traits was his imperturbable coolness 
and self-possession. Though quick and sen- 
sitive he was never fiurrieil, and his even bal- 
ance and judgment were never more conspicu- 
ous, as well as promjit, than in emergencies. 
So, too, in the affairs outside of his profession. 
Instead of giving the reins to his imagination 
the action of his mind was always to discover 
how nnich he could prune and brush away 
that was unreal or extrinsic, to reduce the 
adverse matter to its least dimensions, and 
then to bring all his strength to its avoidance 
or removal. Hence his serene and cheerful 
life and calm judgment in the important mat- 
ters confided to his care. No man had more 
fully the respect, confidence and wanu ])er- 
sonal regard of the courts, his brethren of tin- 
bar, and of those whose interests were in- 
trusted to him. Invariably dignified, he was 



courteous toward all, and nobody could be 
otherwise toward him. Such was his personal 
and professional standing that when Daniel 
Webster determined to remove to and practice 
law- in New York, Mr. \'an Winkle was se- 
lected as his associate, and continued in part- 
nership with him during his residence here 
and until public affairs called him to a different 
s[)herc. The high rejnite of Mr. \'an Winkle's 
office attracted to it as students many young 
men preparing for the profession, and among 
its graduates are numbers since distinguished 
at the Bar, in public life and as men of letters. 
Mr. \'an \'inkle was one of the founders 
and the first vice-president of the Bar Asso- 
ciation, and one of its most valuable meiubers 
until his health became impaired. He was for 
some thirty years one of the managers of the 
House of Refuge for Juvenile Delinquents, 
and rendered great service in the direction of 
that important establishment. In 1846 he was 
one of the founders of the Century Club, of 
which he was a cherished member, largely con- 
tributing to and sharing in the social and in- 
tellectual entertainments for which it has so 
long been distinguished. He was also one of 
the first members of the Union League Club, 
and took the deepest interest in its patriotic 
pur])oses and action. What contributed greatly 
to his success in his career was the associations 
he had formed in a literary club which he fre- 
quented while still a student. The earliest 
meetings of this club were held in the basement 
of Christ's Church, in .Anthony, now Worth 
street, at the instance of Thomas Lyell, a son 
of Rev. Dr. Lyell, the pastor. As the most 
conspicuous object in the meeting room was a 
column which upheld the ceiling, to attend a 
meeting was e(|uivalent to going to the Column, 
anil the club soon ado])ted the Column as its 
name. Mr. Van Winkle became so prominent 
in this little association that he was chosen 
archon, or ])residing officer, and continued to 
hold this dignity until the day of his death. 
Soon after he became a member of the Column 
he began, in concert with Daniel Seymour, 
the issue of a newspajjer called The Aspirant. 
which was continued for some years. It over- 
flowed with racy humor, caustic criticisms and 
rollicking fun. These papers were afterwards 
gathered into two volumes, which were con- 
sumed in the conflagration of the Mirror office. 
The book which Mr. \'an Winkle prepared 
for his family was confined to his poetical 
efforts, and did not comprise any of his prose 
writings. This book, which his warm affec- 
tions prepared privately for his immediate 



STATE OF NEW |1-:RSKY 



179 



family in i^j(> but which his sterner self- 
judgment witliheld from a larger public, dem- 
onstrates how irresistible the poetic impulse 
in him was and at the same time liow his im- 
perative will controlled any manifestations 
likely to interfere with his professional suc- 
cess. Although he enriched the newspapers 
with them occasionally, it was always done 
under the rigid shield of the anonymous. In 
the leisure time vouchsafed him just after his 
admission to the bar he published more or 
less in the old Nezc York Mirror. One cannot 
say that he was a wit in the strictest sense of 
the term, despite many occasional sparks; but 
his humor was very lively and keen and, if 
graver causes had not absorbed the faculties 
of his mind, it might have expanded into ex- 
uberance. These graver causes arose from 
the growing responsibilities of his profession ; 
he had apprehended that he might not be able 
to make his salt in it, but he soon found that 
instead of wanting it he was more likely to be 
overwhelmed with business. He was a fluent 
and pleasing speaker, whose eloquence was 
rather that of forceable statement than of 
rhetorical grace. He won juries by the obvi- 
ous sincerity of his convictions, judges by his 
real learning and sobriety of judgment, and his 
clients by a singular uniformity of success. 

Mr. \'an Winkle was a power not only in 
the Column, but in other organizations. He 
was a leading member of the Historical As- 
sociation and a patron of those noble organi- 
zations for charity which reflect honor upon 
human nature. His religious feelings were 
profound and earnest, and they were expressed 
in an habitual attendance on the church to 
which he belonged. His learning was not 
alone that of the law. He was a belles-lettres 
scholar of large attainments, versed in the 
Latin, French and English classics, an enthusi- 
ast in Shakespearean lore, and familiar with 
modern literature generally. }Ie dearly loved 
nature, and was never happier than amid the 
rural scenes that surrounded his pleasant and 
hospitable country home at Litchfield, where 
he passed his summer vacations, surroimded 
by his loving and beloved family and a few 
chosen friends, under the elms that shaded his 
house, or among the hills and dales, or in his 
boat on the beautiful lake. 

In December, 1878, his health gave way and 
was never fully restored, although he was able 
nntil the year preceding his death to partici- 
pate in the business of his office. His mintl 
continued clear and to the end he warmly 
prized and delighted in the society of his 



frientls. The long period of his indisposition 
was (jne of rest and of the quiet "contempla- 
tion" which he always desired might precede 
his death, and respecting which, while writing 
to a friend a few' years before he died, he 
said : 

"Before the fatal day, God grant it late. 
When thou and I must bow our heads to fate, 
Before our last long sleep, oh, yield it, Heaven, 
Some time for contemplation may be given." 

His jirayer was granted. During the last 
year he became gradually weaker and at length, 
without pain or agitation, surrounded by his 
family and friends, passed gently to his rest. 
Such had been his pure and useful and upright 
life that he approached the grave without fear. 
He left behind him the record of well-spent 
years, his good example, an honored name, and 
an ever-abiding place in the hearts of those 
who love and mourn him. Rev. Edward B. 
Coe, D. D., delivered an address at his funeral 
and said in part: "It was a singularly refined 
and gentle nature wdiich was blended in him 
with an incisive force of thought and an en- 
ergy of will, combined with rare legal learning, 
that made his career as a lawyer one of such 
marked and eminent success. Not often is so 
much of mental vigor combined with a grace 
so charming and such unfailing courtesy. 
There was in him a Jiigh-mindedness, a thor- 
ough intellectual and moral honesty, which 
made itself felt by all with whom he came in 
contact. It was no skillfully assumed air of 
conviction which imposed upon the minds of 
courts and juries. But it was known that he 
believed what he said, and that he said what 
he believed ; and the force of his words was 
multiplied by the force of the character which 
was behind them. * * * Few men have 
ever blended talents so great as his and influ- 
ence so wide, with a more beautiful mod- 
esty." 

.At a meeting of the liar .\ssociation of the 
City of New York, Hon. William M. Evarts 
announced the death of Edgar S. Van Wrinkle, 
and it was "Resolved: By the .Association, that 
(under its rules) it be referred to its execu- 
tive committee to prepare and present to the 
.Association a suitable memorial of the late 
^Ir. \'an Winkle, which (after adoption by the 
.Association), should be transcribed into its 
'Memorial Book.' to be kept among its arch- 
ives." .At an adjourned meeting of the Asso- 
ciation held February 13, 1883 (in conformity 
with tlie foregoing resolution), a memorial of 
Mr. \'an Winkle, prepared by his friend, the 
Hnn. Benjamin D. Silliman, was ]iresented by 



i8o 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



the t'xeculivf cuininittee to the Association, 
and acloi)te(l that day. A memorial paper. 
]irepare<l l)v I'arke (>ood\vin. was read before 
the Column, in January, 1883. 

Mr. \ an Winkle married, Xovember 11, 
1833, Hannah Starr I'.each, of Litchfield, born 
January 7, i8i6, and died .March 29. 1888. 
Children : Mary Du Bois, borii November 3. 
1836; Hannah Louisa. Xovember 24, 1837, 
died October 15, i860: Elizabeth Starr, June 
5. 1840, died May 29. 1904: Edgar lleach. see 
forward. 

(\'II1| Edgar i'.each, cjnly son and young- 
est child of Edgar Simon and Hannah Starr 
I I'.each ) \'an Winkle, was born March 4. 
1842, in New York City, where he received his 
education in the University Grammar School 
of New 'S'ork and the private school of George 
S. Parker, a noted educator of his day. He 
then matriculated at L'nion College, Schenect- 
ady. Xew York, from which he was graduated 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1860; 
pursued an engineering course, and received 
the degree of Civil Engineer in 1861. Since 
that time he has been engaged in the practice 
of civil engineering in Xew York City and 
elsewhere. He enlisted, June 3, 1862, in the 
Seventh Regiment, Xational Guard, State of 
Xew York, was later promoted to first lieu- 
tenant in the One Hundred and Third Infan- 
try, X'cw York \'olunteers. December 27, 
1862, and February 2, 1865, was commissioned 
captain in same regiment, from wliich he re- 
signed and was honorably discharged July 11, 
1865. May 18. 1876, he became engineer of 
the First Division. National Guard, State of 
New York, with the rank of colonel, and con- 
tinued in this position until 1884, when he re- 
signed. Mr. \"an \\'inkle is a member and ex- 
director of the .\merican Society of Civil En- 
gineers, a member of the Century Club and the 
.\rniy and Navy Club of New York City. 
Himself and family attend the Collegiate 
Dutch Reformed Church of New York City. 

Mr. \'an \\'inkle married (fir.st), June 7, 
1876, Elizabeth, born October 18, 1847, died 
.August 8, 1894, daughter of Jndge William 
and Mary P. (Berrian) Mitchell. He mar- 
ried (second), Jime 3, 1899. Mary Flower, 
born Sejjtember it. 1867. daughter of W^illiam 
and Marion (ATcKeever) Speiden. Children; 
all by the first marriage : Mary .Starr, born 
May 16, 1877: Elizabeth Mitchell, October 23, 
1878; Edgar Reach, Jime 6, 1880: Grace 
Louisa, December 21, 1881 : William ATitchell, 
December 5, 1885. 



I For ance.stry .see preceding skelrhes). 

(\T) Edo, second son 
\ AX Wl.XKLE and child of Simeon and 
.\nnetje (Marselis) \'an 
Winkle, was born (Jctober 14, 1779. and died 
I'ebruary 14, 1852. The old family homestead 
of the \"an Winkles was situated on the pres- 
ent P.roadway, near Carroll street. This site 
is still held and occupied by his descendants. 
Here he was reared after the customs of his 
forefathers, fie became a prosperous well- 
to-do fanner, owning some forty acres from 
Summer street to the foot of Broadway Hill. 
He. was a soldier during the war of 1812, and 
held the rank of lieutenant in the L'nited States 
army. P'or a time he was justice of the peace 
in his native town, and served thirty consecu- 
tive years as collector of taxes for the town- 
ship of Acquackanonk, in which the city of 
Paterson is now located. He was one of the 
original committee of the new township upon 
its organization. He was an old line Whig 
in ])olitics. He was religious, and both he 
and his wife were members of the old First 
Presbyterian Church, to the building of which 
he contributed, and was interred in the burial 
ground of that church on Market street, but 
in later years removed to the new Cedar Lawn 
Cemetery. His wife, maternal grandmother 
of the subject of this sketch, was a most ca- 
llable and brilliant woman, reared her family 
in the christian virtues, and exerted a great 
influence over her husband. Edo \'an \\'inkle 
was known as a noble, kind-hearted man of 
a most liberal nature. He possessed many 
lifelong friends, and from his jolly good na- 
ture was a friend to all. fie was of medium 
lieight and rather portly in appearance. He 
married (first! May 26, 1805, Jannetje \'an- 
derhofT. Children: i. Antje (Ann), married 
John Thomjjson. 2. Elizabeth, married Judge 
David Burnett. He married (second) De- 
cember I, 1811, Mrs. Jane (Van Houten) 
Post. Children : 3. Mary, married Frederick 
Treadwell Kctclnnn. 4. John Edo, born Feb- 
ruary 25, 1814, mentioned below. 5. Cather- 
ine, died September 6, 1877; married Henry 
Clark. 6. Jacob, who lost his life when three 
years old, by accident. 

(VII) John Edo, son o'f Edo and Jane 
(\'an Houten) (Post) \'an \\'inkle, was born 
in Paterson. Xew Jersey. February 25. 1814, 
and died in that city December 13. 1889. He 
was educated in the schools of his native town, 
learned the machinist's trade, and made this 
his vocation. He established himself in busi- 



STATE OF NEW [ERSEY. 



i8i 



ness in J'atersoii, was a thorough master of 
every detail connected with it, and as he found 
it not alone enjoyable but also profitable, he 
was obliged to add greatly to his producing fa- 
cilities, as his business steadily increased. In 
his business he constantly made use of the in- 
ventive genius with which he was largely 
endowed, in devising and applying various im- 
])rovements which increased the output of his 
shops, without adding to the cost in time and 
labor. He was an extensive land owned in 
the city, and after his fleath these were divided 
and sold to excellent advantage. He served 
his native town as tax collector from 1840 to 
1844, and as school commissioner in i860; was 
appointed by President Cirant a United States 
commissioner to the International E.xposition 
at \ ienna, Austria, in 1873, but failing health 
obliged him to decline this honorable service. 
He was a trusted member of the Republican 
])arty, and repeatedly declined nomination to 
high [jolitical offices. He was a member of 
the I'resbyterian church, and as a layman in 
the councils of that denomination held a high 
])lacc and enjoyed an enviable reputation. At 
the time of his death his pastor. Rev. Charles 
D. Shaw, paid to his memory the following 
tribute: "In business and social life his con- 
(hict was beyond reproach. Great dignity of 
character, indomitable courage, a resolute will, 
large mechanical and inventive ability, pro- 
found and vigorous thought engaged upon the 
highest themes, were united with much sini- 
jilicity of manner and kindness of heart." Mr. 
\'an Winkle married, June 19, 1838, Rebecca, 
daughter of John (1. and Lettie (\dorhees) 
Oldis, died September 27, 1890. Children: i. 
Catherine, born .\pril 22, 1839: married, No- 
vember II, 1864, Eugene Beggs ; children: 
Ella, born .November 9, 1866, William Frank- 
lin, December, 1868, John E.. Frederick and 
James. 2. Edward, of Atlanta. Georgia, born 
.Septem])er. 1841 : married .Amelia King: chil- 
dren: .Anna. Nellie and Edward. 3. John 
.Albert, born December 10. 1843. mentioned 
below. 4. Henry, married Emma Cunning- 
ham ; children : Caroline, Franklin and Edgar. 
5. .Anne AFerselis. 6. AFary. died in infancy. 
7. Franklin, married Anna .Shaw : child. John 
Shaw. 

(A'llI) John .Albert, second .son and child 
of John Edo and Rebecca (Oldis ) \'an Winkle, 
was born in Paterson, New Jersey. December 
10. 1843. He was educated in the public 
schools of his native town, being graduated 
from the Paterson high school in 1857. He 
then founrl employment in the hardware store 



of James Al. Smiley, at the corner of Broad- 
way and Alain street, Paterson, and during 
his four years of service here, became sales- 
man and manager of the business. In 1861 
he removed to New A'ork City, where he was 
cmjiloycd in a position of trust and responsi- 
bility in the hardware establishment of Bliven 
iS: Alead. at that time the largest dealers in 
hardware in that city. He was but eighteen 
years of age when he accepted this position, 
and upon attaining his majority he w-as ad- 
mitted to partnership in the firm. He with- 
drew from this partnership in 1867 in order 
to engage in the business of importing hard- 
ware and had an office in New A'ork. .After two 
years' experience he discontinued importing and 
opened a general hardware stere in Paterson, 
at No. 174 Alain street. The growth of this 
business necessitated its removal to No. 168 
Alain street in 187 1 ; the new quarters occupy 
an extensive "L" at Nos. 72-4-6 \'an Houten 
street, and in addition Air, \'an Winkle occu- 
|)ies a storage warehouse and factory at Nos. 
43-5-7 Tyler street, all of which ])roperty he 
own> His business also includes steam fit- 
tings and mill sup]jlies. His reputation as a 
public spirited citizen is shown by the re- 
sponsible positions he holds and has held in 
the city of Paterson. These include: Presi- 
dent of the lUisiness Alens" .Association: mem- 
ber of the board of directors of Second Na- 
tional liank : ijresident of Alerselis Land Com- 
pany; member of Ijoard of managers, vice- 
jiresident and chairman of the finance com- 
mittee of the Paterson (ieneral Hospital ; mem- 
ber of the New Jersey Historical Society. He 
served as a member of the Board of Education 
of I'aterson in 1873-4. and in 1895 was the un- 
successful candidate of the Republican party 
for the office of mayor of Paterson. He is a 
member of the Hardware Club of Paterson, 
and of the Holland Society of the City of New 
N'lirk. the latter membershi]) coming through 
his descent from Jacobse \'an Winkle, the 
immigrant to New .\msterdani from Holland 
in 1634. He is a member of the Alasonic 
fraternity, and Order of L'nited .American 
Mechanics, and was a member of the board of 
trustees of the Church of the Redeemer of 
I'aterson, and through this organization active 
in religious work. Air. \'an Winkle married. 
.September 13. 1865, Aliriam, born November 
2, 1845, daughter of Benjamin and Eliza Ann 
( ( ioetchicus ) White, of Paterson, the former 
a native of New Haven, Connecticut. Chil- 
dren : I. Bertha, born May 21. 1866; married 
PVauk j. Ball, i.if Brooklyn; children: Infant, 



1»2 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



(lied young; Cjeorgc Milton, born October 2b. 
i8g(); Eillian Van Winkle, April 26, 1901. 2. 
Etlo, born June i, 1868; received his early 
t()ucation in the schools of Paterson, and for 
^ome time attended the Stevens Institute at 
Moboken, New Jersey; he then entered the 
employ of his father in the latter's hardware 
establishment, and in iyo2 became a member 
of the cor])oration known as The J. A. Van 
Winkle Company, and is now its president. 
! le married. February 21, 1905, Cora, born 
.May 14. 1885, daughter of Douglas A. and 
Dena ( \ on I'runhanj Le\'ien; children: 
(aniille, born October 21, 1905; John Albert, 
June 19, 1007; Edo Jr., March 19, 1909. 3. 
.Mary, born .May 23, 1870; married (first) 
I'Vank R. \\ alk-er. a successful ])racticing at- 
torney of .\tlanta. Georgia, who died Se])tem- 
ber 13. 1904; children: Miriam, born Febru- 
ary 21, 1891, died May 8, 1905 ; Rebecca, born 
.\pril 17, 1902. Mary married (second) Will- 
iam H. Smith, auditor of the Atlanta & 
West Point Railroad Company, and of other 
leading corporations of .Atlanta, Georgia. 4. 
Henry [>.. born .August 14, 1872; married 
Cora, daughter of Amzi and Fanny P. Miller, 
of Newark, New Jersey; he is also an officer 
of the J. .A. \'an \Vinkle Co. Children: Kath- 
ryn, born December 22, 1899; Marjorie, May 
I, 1901. 5. Albert Frank, born December 5. 
1874, died .August 9, 1900, at the beginning of 
a successfid career: he was a graduate of the 
I 'ni versify of New York, and later practiced 
dentistry at Ilaltimore, Maryland. 6. Ralph 
O., born June 3. 1878, died May 17, 1909. 7. 
Lillian W., born July 4, 1880: married .Arthur 
Warren C"anne\'. of Croton, New York, who 
met his death by an accident, October 3, 1908; 
child : \\ arren, born December 23, 1902. 8. 
Eouis, born January 3. 1883, '''^d .August 8. 
same year. 9. Miriam Hazel, born .August 19. 
1887, died Jiuie 2, 1892. 

.\l the time of the great fire in l<"ebruary, 
it)02. the Iniildings and stock of the J. .A. \'an 
Winkle Com])any were totally destroyed, and 
the company met with heavy loss. ^Ir. Van 
Winkle immediately ])roceeded to erect build- 
ings on the same site, buildings j)articularly 
adapted to the requirements of the business. 
These buildings were completed in December 
of that year and occui)ied by tlie company. 
Since then sevent\-five feet immediate west of 
the \'an llouten street building has been ac- 
(|uired, and it is the intention of the company 
to erect buildings thereon to meet the increased 
business. Mr. \an VN'inkle, the subject of this 
sketch, retire^l from tlie active management 



of the business some five years ago, turning 
c>ver the same to his sons, Edo and llenry B. 
He is still an officer of the company and di- 
vides his time with travel, his personal affairs 
and the company's office. 



(For preceding generations see Jacob Wrtling van 
Hoorn (or Van Winkel) 11. 

(HI) Jacob Walingse, 
\'.\-\ \\'lNl\Lr{ eldest son and second 
child of Waling Jacobse 
and Catherine Michielse (\'reeland) Van 
Winkle, was born in .Ac<|uackanonk. New Jer- 
sey, and baptized in the church in that town- 
>hip, June 13, 1674. He was brought up on 
his father's farm, and on the death of his 
father in 1725 succeeded to the estate. He 
became an extensive operator in real estate 
and in making loans on farms and town prop- 
erty. In partnership with his only son, John 
Jacob \'an Winkle, he purchased large tracts 
oi land in liergen county, and sold consider- 
able portions of the original Acquackanonk 
tract for improvement. He married, October 
30. 1797, Cieesbragt Brichers, and they had 
only one son baptized Johannis Jacobse and 
known legally and neighborly as John Jacob, 
the English having superceded the Dutch lan- 
guage both in preaching and teaching and the 
christian names becoming gradually spelled 
and pronotmced in English. 

(I\') John Jacob, only son of Jacob Wal- 
ingsie and Gecsbragt (llrichers) \'an Winkle, 
was born in .Acquackanonk, Bergen county, 
New Jersey, early in the nineteenth century. 
He married October 24, 1747. Eva Kip, and 
lived in the place now familiarly known on the 
Santiago Place in Rutherford, Bergen county. 
New Jersey, where he owned considerable real 
estate, having purchased it in conjunction with 
his father and which all came to him by in- 
heritance and purchase. Children, born to 
them in Rutherford: i. Isaac, died young. 2. 
Catarine. E. .Antje, died young. 4. .Antje. 
5. Isaac, see forward. 6. Waling, married 
Sally Garrabrant and had three children: i. 
John; ii. Pegg}'. married John Joralcmon ; iii. 
Jennie, married Garret Janianse. 

(\') Isaac, second son of John Jacob and 
l'"va 'Kip) V'an W'inkle, was born in Ruther- 
ford. Pergcn county, New Jersey, December 7, 
1767. lie owned by purchase large tracts of 
land in his native county. He married (first) 
.Salome Schoonniaker and they had one son 
John \V., see forward; married (second) Hes- 
ter, daughter of George Van Gieson, and 
granddaughter of John \'an Gieson, who was 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



a titled offictr of the English arm\-. Children : 
I. Helena, born .May 12, 1800. 2. Elizabeth, 
December 10, 1801. 3. Eva, October 28, 1803. 
4. Jane, December 7, 1805. 5. Catherine, Oc- 
tober I, 1807. 6. George, December 12, 1809. 
7. Salome, September 4, 181 3. 8. Isaac, see 
forward. 9. Daniel, see forward. Isaac \ an 
the father of these children and of 
by his tir.st wife, died September 4, 



Winkle, 
lohn W 
1842. 

(\I) 
Salome 
born in 



John \\'.. only son of Isaac and 
(Schoonmaker) Van W'inkle, was 
Rutherford, New Jersey. Xo date 
for his birth api)ears in the records available. 

He married Matikla and they had one 

sun named Isaac Schoonmaker \'an Winkle. 

( \T ) Isaac, son of Isaac and Hester (Van 
(iieson) \'an W'inkle, was born in Rutherford, 
Bergen county. New Jersey, in 1814. He in- 
herited a considerable portion of his father's 
real estate and secured more by purchase. 
With his brother Daniel, he owned the two 
farms which became by purchase the property 
of Mr. Stetson, proprietor of the Astor House 
in Xew York City, and which farm became 
one of the show places of the neigliborhood of 
North .Arlington and from which he supplied 
his celebrated hostelry with nnich of the farm 
produce consumed in the hotel. 

(VI) Daniel, son of Isaac and Hester (Van 
( jieson ) \'an W'inkle, was born in Rutherford, 
Rergen county. New Jersey. March 9, 1816. 
He married .Sarah Maria, daughter of Ebe- 
nezer Condit, of Morristown, New Jersey. 
Children, born in Rutherford, New Jersey: 

1. Charlotte Condit, born June 28. 1849; mar- 
ried Peter H. W'estgoard ; died .\pril 26, 1905. 

2. .Arthur W'., see forward. 3. Sarah Eliza- 
beth. September 23, 1853 : married Dr. John 
W. Primni. .September 28, 1897. 4. Isaac. 
July 20, 1855: married Mary Sievers and they 
had four children, Sara, Louise, Dorothy and 
Edward. 5. Stephen Condit. June 11, 1857, 
died unmarried. (). De \\'\\.t Talmage. Decem- 
ber 22,. 1838: married Emma Zhetner and they 
had two cliildren, Ruth and Helen. 7. Charles. 
March 31, 1863; married Susan ]\Iarie Gill 
and they had five children : Charlotte, Eliza- 
beth, W'ilemincha, John and Charles. 

Daniel Van Winkle, father of these chilclren, 
passed his boyhood days on his father's farm 
in Piergen county, and he began business life 
as a contractor with a cash capital of tw^o hun- 
dred dollars. With this he handled an exten- 
sive contract so successfully that he fulfilled 
its conditions in all respects and gained the ap- 
proval of the principles in the transaction and 



the confidence and esteem of the men he em- 
jiloyed to accomplish his undertaking. He dis- 
played executive ability of a high order and 
application not usual in untried managers of 
men. He, like his father and grandfather, 
was largely interested in real estate transac- 
tions. The death of his father largely in- 
creased his real estate holdings, and both as a 
farmer and dealer he turned his property to 
])rofit. Taking advantage of the great mi- 
gration to the Pacific coast, during the discov- 
ery of gold in California, he acciuainted him- 
self with the real condition and prospects of 
the new possessions of the L'nited States on 
the coast by visiting the great Eldorado in 
1850. He made the tour by way of the cape 
and was wrecked off Acapulco, Mexico. Be- 
ing more fortunate than many of his fellow 
]iassengers. he was enabled to continue his 
journey to San Francisco by the ne.xt ship 
and he returned overland in order to inform 
himself of the then almost unknown territory 
tliat was to become the invaluable heritage of 
the generations to follow. On returning home 
he took up his dealings in real estate and pur- 
chased the Kip property at Boiling Spring 
(Rutherford) and extended his purchase to 
over three hundred acres in a section that 
Ijromised increased value as suburban homes. 
He gave the land for Rutherford station on the 
I)roposed New York and Erie railway. He 
organized a stock company to develop the 
propertv, selling stock to the amount of three 
hundred thousand dollars, and the enterprise 
resulted in the suburban village of Ruther- 
ford. Looking to the spiritual as well as to 
the financial and domestic welfare of the com- 
munity so rapidly gathering together, he gave 
land on which to erect a Sunday school build- 
ing and interested the people in the formation 
of a Sunday school to become the nucleus of 
future churches, and these gatherings of the 
children made the way for the several denom- 
inational churches now ministering to the 
spiritual as well as social and educational 
wants of such communities. Later in life 
Daniel \'an Wrinkle settled in East Passaic, 
where he owned two hundred and seventy- 
five acres of land and he promoted the growth 
of that place as he had that of Rutherford, 
and after his death the place became known 
as P.elmont and later Garfield. He was an 
old time Whig, and on the dissolution of that 
party helped in founding the Republican party 
in New Jersey in 1856. His religious affili- 
ation was the church of his forefathers, the 
Dutch Reformed, and he was prominent in the 



1 84 



STATIC OF XKW TERSE V, 



doings of the church. Jle died in ( iarfiekl. 
June I, 1886, having reached the allnttcd term 
of three score years and ten. 

( \ 11 ) Arthur W., eldest son and second 
child of Daniel and Sarah Maria (Condit) 
\'an Winkle, was born in Rutherford. New- 
jersey, December 30, 1850. He was brought 
up on the farm of his father, and lived in 
Rutherford all his life except for four and a 
half years, which time he passed in north- 
west Iowa where he had a stock farm. He 
was so pleased with his life in the west that he 
determined to return to New Jersey, sell out 
his ])roperty and return and continue ranch 
life in Iowa. Not finding such a ])lan favor- 
able at the time, he remained in Rutherford 
and took up the business so successfully car- 
ried on by his father, building houses, selling 
lots and imprnving the property and prospects 
of the suburban village of Garfield. He 
added to the real estate business that of fire 
insurance and became ])resident of the A. W. 
\'an Winkle Company, dealers in real estate : 
])resident of the Helmont Land Association of 
Garfield : member of the board of directors 
of the .Xorth Jersey Title Insurance Company 
of Hackeiisack. New Jersey, and a member of 
the board of directors of the Rutherford Na- 
tional Bank, Rutherford, New Jersey. He 
affiliated w'ith the Masonic fraternity, with the 
Presbyterian church, and with the Holland So- 
ciety, of which he was made a member by vir- 
tue of his descent in the seventh generation 
from Jacobse W'alingse \'au Winkle, who im- 
migrated to New Amsterdam from llolland in 

He married (first) October 24. 1877, C'or- 
uelia W'inant. who died leaving two children : 
I. W'inant. born March 17, 1879: married. 
May 24, 11J03, Jessie W'. Mucklow. 2. Charles 
Arthur, December 26, 1880: married, Septem- 
ber 30, i()o8, Helen I'llauvelt Decker. Mr. \ an 
Winkle married (second) l*"ebruarv 21, 1884. 
( ';ithcrine R. Macgregor. Children: I. Stirl- 
ing, licirn February 5. 1886. 2. Tlu-odory. 
June 5, i8yo. 

( Koi- ancestry see preceding skeU-lies). 

(Ill) Simeon, third son 
\\X WIXKLF and f.mrth child of .Sy- 
mon and Annctje Adri- 
anse (Si|)) \'an Winkle, was baptized August 
6, 168C). He married (first) I'rintje \"an Cie- 
>-on. and had children: Jainietta and ilelena: 
married (second). March 3. 1734. Antje 
I'eitrina. a widow, and by this marriage h;id a 
son. lohannas. 



il\ ) Johannis, son of Simeon and .Vntje 

I'eitrina \ an Winkle, was married to 

and had a son, Simeon. 

( \') Simeon, son of Johannis and ( ) 

\ an Winkle, was born on the paternal estate 
near Paterson, New Jersey, November 12. 
1749, and there reared to manhood. He was 
educated in the neighborhood school, and died 
November 4, 1828. As his ancestors had 
done, he engaged in farming, and was a man 
of much force of character. He was a mem- 
ber of and attended services at the Dutch Re- 
formed Church at Totowa., which had been 
founded by earlier members of the \'an Win- 
kle family. After his marriage he took up 
his residence near the "bucht," or bend, on the 
paternal estate. He married Clarisse, daugh- 
ter of Cornelius Ceretsen. Children: i. John 
S., see forward. 2. Elizabeth, married John 
Post and died in the prime of life withom 
issue. 

( \ I ) John S., only son of Simeon and 
Clarisse (Geretsen) \'an Winkle, was born on 
the paternal homestead, November 13. 1784. 
He was extensively engaged in farming and in 
addition operated a grist and saw mill, which 
was widely patronized. His integrity and high 
ideals in all matters were recognized by all, 
and he took an active interest in public affairs, 
serving for some time as one of the lay judges 
of the county. He was a fine type of the 
country gentleman, kind and sympathetic to 
those aroimd him and beloved and esteemed 
by all. He was a faithful attendant at the 
Dutch Reformed Church at Totowa, in which 
he was an elder. Both he and his wife came 
to an untimely end at their home. The Goffel. 
January [). 1850, at the hands of an assassin, 
who was ])rom])tl_\' ai)i)rehended and in due 
course of time tried in the courts of Paterson, 
convicted of murder in the first degree, and 
executed. John S. \ an Winkle was married, 
March 24. 1805. U) Jane, born January 14, 
1788. daughter of Peter and Williamina (\'an 
\\'inkle) Kiji]). Children: Cornelius, see for- 
ward; Peter, born June 2^. 1810. k)St his life 
.\])ril 2CJ, 1828, by being thrown from his 
horse. 

(\ll) Cornelius, eldest child of John S. 
.and Jane (Kip])) \'an Winkle, was born on 
the family homestead, Se])tember 9. 1806, and 
died May 2(1. 1873. 'I*^ ^^'^^ educated in the 
neighboring schools and, like his ancestors, be- 
came identified with and took an active in- 
terest in the i)rogress and development of 
the community in which he resided. He was 
a moving spirit in church affairs, a consist- 



i 



STATE OF NEW lEKSl'lV 



185 



cnt member of the Totowa Dutch Reformed 
Church and for a number of years served as 
<;lder. In his home Hfe he exemplified the 
highest ideals of kindness and charity, and left 
his family the priceless heritage of an honor- 
able name. .Mr. \'an Winkle married. May 
31, 1826. Catherine Eeah, who was born 
March 4, i8otj, died August 5, 1879, daugh- 
ter of Garret and Ann (TerhuneJ Van Dien. 
Children: i.. John Henry, born February 11, 
1827, died July 2J, 1828. 2. Simeon Peter, 
born July 6, 1831. died in 1891 ; married, Oc- 
tober 10, 1852. Maria Ackerman, born in 1831, 
died in 1865; children: Catherine Jane, mar- 
ried Aaron \'an Uouten and had one son, 
Zabriskie, who married Addie Grace Greer ; 
Anna Marie, married Andrew B. Inglis, and 
had : Bertha and Harold, the latter ilying 
young. 3. .\nna Elizabeth, born December 
25, 1839; married, December 24, 1859, Ilel- 
mas, born September 8, 1840, died November 
20, 1896, son of Richard and Charity (Sip) 
Romaine, members of an old and prominent 
family. They reside at Paterson, New Jer- 
sey, and had an only child, Kate, who was 
born in Paterson, New Jersey, April 29, 1863, 
and married, June 29, 1889, Joseph D., born ar 
Buffalo. New York, August 4, 1858, son of 
Jose])h D. and Frances ( Timmis ) Roberts, the 
former of Wales, and the latter of England. 
4. lohn Henrv. born September 29, 1846, died 
AjM-il 6, 185 1.' 

( p^or ancestry- see preceding .sketche.s). 

(V) Halmagh, fifth son 
\ \.\ WINKLE of Walling Van W'inkle, 
was born on the Van 
Winkle homestead at Ac(|uackanonk, Passaic 
county. New Jersey, June 22, 1761, and he de- 
voted his entire life to the cultivation and im- 
provement of the homestead estate. He mar- 
ried Maria, daughter of .Adrian Post, and their 
children, born on the homestead estate, were : 
1. \\'alling, see forward. 2. Adrian. 3. John. 
4. Michael. 5. Jane, married a Berry. 6. 
Gertrude, married a Sip. 7. Elizabeth, died 
unmarried. Halmagh \'an W'inkle, the father 
of these children died on the Van Winkle 
homestead in 1822, and his wife, Maria (Post) 
\ an Winkle, died in 1821. 

(\I ) Walling (2), eldest child of Halmagh 
and Maria (Post) Van Winkle, was born on 
the homestead estate, which he inherited and 
where he died. He had a son, Halmagh, 
named for his grandfather, who likewise in- 
heritcfl the estate. 

(X'lT) Halmagh (2). eldest child of Wall- 



ing (2) \'an Winkle, was born at his father's 
home in .\c(|uackanonk. New Jersey, February 
0, 1806. He married, January 28, 1829, Cath- 
erine Cami)bell, born January 28, 1810, and 
their children, born in Paterson, New Jersey, 
were: I. Stephen Walling, see forward. 2. 
John Mclntyre, August 17, 1832; married 
Enieline H. Davey, and they had two chil- 
dren : Catherine, who died unmarried, and 
Mar)-, married Allison Dodd and had four 
children : E. Davey Dodd ; John Dodd ; Cath- 
erine Dodd and Alary Dodd. These children 
were descended on their mother's side from 
Jacobse \ an Winkle the immigrant, in the 
tenth generation. 3. Mary, August 2"], 1836, 
died unmarried. 4. Richard, January 27, 
1840: remained single. Halmagh \'an \Vinkle 
for many years was a grocer in Paterson and 
later in life was an official in the ta.x collect- 
or's oflice in Passaic county, where he re- 
mained up to the time of his death, which oc- 
curred at his home in Paterson, New Jersey. 

(MH) Stephen Walling, eldest child of 
Halmagh (2) and Catherine (Campbell) Van 
W inkle, was born in Paterson. New Jersey, in 
1830, where he engaged in the manufacture of 
silk. He married, November 7, 1853, Eliza- 
beth Stratton, born in Paterson about 1832, 
and their children, born in Paterson, were: i. 
Margaret. August 13. 1854; remained un- 
married. 2. William H., June 7, 1857, died un- 
married January 25, 1871. 3. Frank. .Septem- 
ber 21. i860, died October 14, i860. 4. Ed- 
ward, twin of Frank, died March 18, 1861. 
3. Annie Clark, March 7, 1862 ; married, April 
18, 1883, William ]., son of Abram and 
Susan (France) \'an Dolson, grandson of 
(iarret and great-grandson of Jacob \'an Dol- 
son. They lived in New York City, where 
Mr. Van Dolson was engaged in business, and 
they had four children : i. Henry ; ii. William 
Walling, see forward; iii. Gertrude; iv. Cecil. 
(). Mary. October 11, 1865, died February 23. 
1871. 7. Catherine, December 16, 1871 ; mar- 
ried, November 10, 1898, George A. Beckwith 
and their first two children were: Elizabeth, 
born October 17, 1900, and Catherine, born 
November 12, 1907. 

( IN ) William Walling \ an Dolson, son of 
William 1. and Annie Clark (\ an W'inkle) 
\ an Dolson. was born in New '^'ork City, De- 
cember 28. 1886. He attended the public 
schools of his native city, and in 1908 was a 
student in medicine at the Maryland L'niver- 
sity. He is descended from Jacob Van Dol- 
son, who was his great-great-grandfather, 
through Garret \'an Dolson; Abram and 



186 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



Susan (France) \ an Dolson ; William I. and 
Annie Clark ( \'an Winkle) Van Dolson. His 
father, William I. Van Dolson, was a promi- 
nent man in New York City and a member 
of the St. Nicholas Society. William Walling 
\'an Dolson's home is with his widowed 
mother, at No. 208 Carroll street, Paterson. 
.New Jersey. His mother married (second) 
.\n.t;ustiis F. Roberts, January 10, 1901. 



(All ) Henry \'an Stee, 
\ A.\' WINKLE youngest child of Jacob 
and .\nnetje (Van No.s- 
trand ) \'an Winkle, was born July 12, 1796. 
probably at llackensack, where it is presum- 
able that liis life was spent. No record of his 
death appears. He married Margaret Ter- 
hune, and they were the parents of one son. 
lie died when this son was a little child. 

(\TI) John \'an Stee, son of Henry Van 
.Stee and Margaret (Terhune) \'an Winkle, was 
born .\])ril 21, 1818, and went to live with 
Isaac \'an Winkle, by whom he was brought 
u\) and whose farm he inherited. This was in 
l.ergen county, opposite Passaic, and between 
the county and the railroad bridges over the 
I'assaic river. Here he died January 10, 1889. 
Me married, March i, 1848, Catherine Oldis. 
born March 18, 1824, died January i, 1907, 
daughter of John G. and Lettie \'oorhees. 
John (;. Oldis had a sister Catherine, who be- 
came the wife of Isaac \'an Winkle and was 
the foster mother of John V. S. Van Winkle. 
The latter had six childrcji who grew to ma- 
turity: I. Margaretta, wife of Iddo ^I. Ter- 
hune (see Terhune). 2. Lettie Anne, born 
March 11. 1852; now residing in Passaic, un- 
married. 3. Isaac J., June 20, 1854; married 
l'"mma Crow; died January 28, 1899, leaving 
children : Jessie and Ernest. 4. Sarah, Sep- 
tember 3. 1856; wife of William Colton Snow% 
and had a daughter Eda. The last-nained is 
the wife of William Lown, and the mother of 
.Margaret Eda Lown and F)arbara A. Lown. 
5. Henry V. S., born January i, 1858, died 
.\ugusl 25, 1859. 6. Catherine, June 10, 1861 ; 
married Peter Van Winkle, and is the mother 
of a son, Louis. 7. John V. S., October 26, 
1863; married, October 24, 1894, Annie B. 
Oglee, and has three sons: Harold Van Stee, 
born I-'ebruary 26, 1S96; Francis ()., born Sep- 
tember 4. i8()7, died July 29, 1898; and John 
Raymond, born February 11, T904. 



None of the old colonial faiu- 

.STE\'F.N.S ilies of New Jersey has a more 

distinguished record than the 

Stevenses of Iloboken. and the other descend- 



ants of Hon. John Stevens, of New York City, 
Perth Amboy and Hunterdon county. New 
Jersey. .\nd in the history of no other family, 
identified with the life of the colony and state 
lor the last two centuries, has there appeared a 
larger number of strong, vigorous and influ- 
ential [lersonalities. .Although not so very great 
in numbers, the pedigrees of the family are in 
the main made up of long-lived resourceful 
men, who have been active aggressive factors 
and actors in the civil, social, business and 
religious life of their country and times, and 
have sedulously cultivated the habit of saying 
and doing the things that were worth while. 

So far as now known, no systematic search 
has ever been made among the records and 
archives of England for the purpose of tracing 
the history of the family before John Stevens 
came over to this country: as the .\merican 
members themselves have been so busy making 
history that they have had no time for writing 
it : and it is due to the researches and labors of 
.Mr. Richard P'owler Stevens, of Newark, wh(^ 
has spent many years and much labor on the 
subject, that the data for the ensuing history 
has become accessible. The earliest record of 
the family which has come to light, the original 
of which is in the possession of Mr. Stevens 
is the following : 

•liiclcMliiie niMiU' and Concluded on this Six and 
Iwentietli day of Fcbruai'y Anno Dm 1699. and in 
the Twelfth Year ot the reign of William the third 
King of Kngland &c. between .lohn Stevens .son of 
Richard Stevens, gentleman, late of the parish of 
St. Clement's London in the County of Middx of the 
one part and John Cosans of the parish aforesaid 
Gunmaker acting for and in behalf of his son 
Barna Cosans of the City and Province of New 
York in America CJentleman of the other part . . . 
.lohn Stevens by and with the consent of his 
parents witnesses to the presents Doth promise 
with the first Opportunity of Shipping to Trans- 
port himself for New York aforesaid where being 
arrived Shall during the .space of .Seven Years 
lo be accounted from the dale hereof the said Barna 
Cosans will faithfully and truly serve his secrets, 
his lawful commands every where gladly doo. hee 
shall iloo noo damage to bis said master nor see it 
to be done of Others but to his power Shall lett or 
forthwith give notice to his said Master of the 
Same the Goods of his Said Master he shall not 
wast nor lend them Unlawfully to .\ny. Hurt to his 
Said Master hee shall not doo cause or procure to 
be done, hee shall neither buy nor sell without his 
masters License, tavernds Innds or Alehouses he 
sliall not haunt. .\11 Cards Dice Tables or any other 
onlawfull Game he shall not play Nor from the ser- 
vice of his Said Master day nor Night Shall absent 
liimsolfe but in all things as an honest dllllgent and 
faithfull ApprenticeShall and willdemean and behave 
himselfe towards his said Master and all his during 
the Said Term. And the Said .lohn Cosans on behalfe 
of the said Barna Cosans Doih Covenant and promise 



STATE OF NEW IKRSEY. 



187 



that he the Said Barna Cosans his said Apprentice in 
his Art or practice of a Lawyer or Attorney whicii lie 
now useth Sliall teach and Instruct or Cause to be 
taught and Instructed the best Way and Manner 
that he can flnding and providing for his said 
Apprentice Meat Drink Lodging Washing and all 
manner of Apparrell hoose Shoes during the Said 
term of Seven Years. And to the performance of all 
and every the Covenant aforesaid Either of the 
Said parties bindeth himselfe unto the other firmely 
b>' these presents." 

Ihe Barne Cosens of the above tjuoted 
articles of apprenticeship was one of the prom- 
inent citizens of his day in Xew York. April 
28, 1697, he was licensed to marry Grace, 
daughter of Captain ^^'illiam Sandford, of the 
Island of Barbadoes and East New Jersey. 
He was secretary to the governor of the [iro- 
vince and clerk of the royal provincial council, 
i()98-i705: and in 1701 received the ai)])uint- 
inent of register and examiner in chancery. 
December 5, 1706. "considering the dangers to 
which I am exposed during a vo)-age intendetl 
shortly (by God's Grace) to be made to Eng- 
land," he made his will, leaving all his jiroperty 
to his children, and referring to his wife, only 
to say, "My wife Grace shall not have any ad- 
ministration of my estate nor have anything to 
do w-ith the education of my children." A 
jjossible explanation of this curious clause 
may be found in the legacies already bequeathed 
to his wife by her father, who died in 1694, 
and by her cousin, Henry Harding, of St. 
George's parish, Barbadoes, who in 1704 left 
her "all mv estate in New Jersey near Xew 
\nrkr 

{ 1 ) John Stevens, son of Kicharil, of St. 
element's parish, London, came to New York 
in. accordance with the above mentioned agree- 
ment when he was about seventeen years old, 
which would place his birth about the year 
1(^)82. After completing his apprenticeship, 
which he seems to have passed through with- 
out having met with any exceptional or note- 
worthy incident, John Stevens began the prac- 
tice of his profession in New York, wdiere he 
continued to reside until September, 1 7 14. 
when with his wife and four children he re- 
moved his home to Perth Amboy, where he 
lived the remainder of his life. Of this town, 
his father-in-law was a founder, and for the 
first six years of its existence had been one of 
its most prominent citizens ; and for the suc- 
ceeding quarter of a century his son-in-law was 
to follow as a worthy successor in his foot- 
steps. Four years after taking up his resi- 
dence in Perth Amboy, on August 24, 1718, 
when Governor Robert Hunter granted to the 



city its first charter, John Stevens, who was 
one of the original petitioners for this privilege, 
and as such is mentioned in the preamble to 
the document, received in the charter itself his 
appointment as the first chamberlain and treas- 
urer of the city. As the registers of the city 
officials of those days have not been preserved 
it is impossible now to determine how long he 
and his fellow officials held their offices, but it 
is interesting to note that James Alexander, 
father-in-law of one of his sons, was recorder 
for the town, while the coroner was the hus- 
band of his wife's younger sister, William 
Harrison, whose brother, John Harrison, was 
sheriff and water bailiff. In 1722 one of the 
old records speaks of Mr. Stevens as 'an "inn- 
keeper;" and in 1735 he was appointed as clerk 
of the court of chancery. It is also said that 
he at one time held the position of deputy sur- 
veyor-general under James Alexander. He 
died August 29, 1737. 

July 30, 1718, Governor Robert Hunter 
granted to St. I'eter's Church, Perth Amboy, 
its royal charter, in which William Eier and 
John P.arclay were ajjpointed wardens, and 
ihomas (kirdon, John Rudyard. Robert King 
and John Stevens, vestrymen. The following 
year the two last mentioned vestrymen were 
replaced by William Xicholls and Alexander 
l<"ar(|uerson ; but in 1722 John Stevens was re- 
turned as one of the wardens and continued to 
hold that position until 1726, when he again 
became one of the vestrymen, in which capac- 
ity he served until 1730. 

November 28, 1706, John Stevens married 
Ann, eldest daughter of John Campbell, of 
Perth Amboy, who died about six years before 
her husband, March i, 1730. Her father, 
April 16, 1684, had bought of John Drum- 
niond, of Lundy, one of the original twenty- 
four ])roprietors to whom James Ouke, of 
York, had sold his Fast Jersey rights, one- 
eighth of one-twenty-fourth share for himself, 
and at the same time received from Drummond 
a power of attorney to act for him in the new 
world. This John Drummond, of Lundy, was 
second son of James, third Earl of Perth, and 
Ijrother to James, fourth Earl of Perth, who 
was his fellow proprietor. In 1685 he was 
created Viscount Melford: .Vugust 12, 1686, 
IJaron of Researtown (one of the papist crea- 
tions of James II), and again in 1696. Duke of 
Melford. He was secretary of state for Scot- 
land, and a member of the privy council in both 
kingdoms. The partner and proxy in East 
Jersey of his brother and Sir George McKenzic 
was David Toshack, with whom John Camp- 



i8X 



STATE OF XJ-:\V lERSKV 



1)C'I1 matli.' his curious agreement, shortly after 
setthng at ['erth Aniboy, tliat in consideration 
of Toshack's relinquishing to him "and his 
heirs bearing the name and arms of Campbell," 
all liis ( 'i'oshack's) interest in Amboy. he 
( C"am])bell ) would send a "footman in velvet 
to wait on Moneybaird ( Toshack was Laird of 
Moneybaird) as a proprietor when at Parlia- 
ment in ICast Jersey * * * and to hold hi^ 
stirrup during the foresaid time of Parlia- 
ment." I'Vom this it would appear that John 
Campbell was a near relation to the Duke of 
Argyle and Lord Neill Campbell, although not 
as William Adee Whitehead conjectures, a son 
of the latter, who had but two children — Col. 
Ciiarles Campbell, who fought and died in the 
rebellion of 1685, and Right Rev. Archibald 
Campliell, who died unmarried in London, 
June, 1744, having accomjjanied his father in 
1085 to this country and at a later date returned 
home. John, ne])he\v of Lord Xeill Campbell, 
was father of the second Duke of Argyle, ami 
never came to America. The Archibald Camp- 
bell, who died in East Jersey in 1702, is vari- 
ously styled in the deeds "yeoman" and "work- 
man," and was brought over by John Camp- 
bell, of Perth Amboy, as one of the three serv- 
ants he trans]3orted for John Dobie. The 
Toshacks had intermarried several times with 
this branch of the family, and David Toshack'^; 
wife was a daughter of Sir Robert Campbell, 
of (ilenuchy. grandfather of the first Earl of 
ilreadalbane. and descended from Sir CoHn 
(,'am])bell, of (ilenuchy. who was a cousin of 
the first Earl of .\rgyle, and the third son of 
.Sir Duncan Cam]ibell. of Lochow, a direct de- 
scendant of Diarmid ( )'Dubin, .\. D. 404. John 
Campbell landeil at the Capes of Virginia in 
< )ctober. i()84. with his wife Mary, children 
.Ann, (iawinetta and John, and fourteen serv 
ants, eleven of them indentured to himself for 
four years, the other three brought over for 
John Dobie, who was coming over later, and 
to whom Cani])l)cll had sold a fourth of the 
ICast Jersey share he had himself |)urchased 
from John Drummond. of F^nndy. In addition 
Cani])bell had ;dso brought over witii him ten 
servants for ("ajitain .\ndrew Hamilton. Com- 
ing overland from Maryland into East Jersey, 
("ampbell settled at Perth .\mboy, and in \es- 
than six months was commissioned as one of 
ihe two additional "members of the court of 
common rights outside of the councill." This 
court was the highest in the colony, and corre- 
s])ondcd to the present court of errors and 
appeals. It was made up of the members of 
the governor's council, ex-officio and additional 



members chosen for their legal acumen and 
knowledge. John Campbell's commission is 
dated May 2/, 1685, and he was reappointed 
March 14, 1686, and May 9, 1687. April 8, 
1680. he was chosen one of the representatives 
of Perth .Amboy in the general assembly ; and 
January 11. 1687, with the governor. Lord 
Xeill Campbell, and Captain .Andrew Hamil- 
ton, he formed the committee of East Jersey 
pro])rietors who agreed with a similar one of 
West Jersey to abide by the decision of W'ill- 
iam Emley and John Reid concerning the divi- 
sion line of the province. I!esides his Perth 
.Amboy pro])erty, John Campbell owned other 
tracts, one of one hundred and twenty acres at 
IJarnegat. which his widow afterwards sold to 
John Reid, of Freehold, another of five hun- 
dred acres at the Horseneck, on the Passaic 
river, sold by his widow to Michael Hawden. 
of Xew York, who also purchased Campbell's 
.\niboy ])ro])erties, and one thousand eight hun- 
dred and seventy acres on the west side of the 
south branch of the Raritan river, wdiich went 
to his son. In his will, dated December 25, 
[08g. proved January i, 1690, he leaves legacies 
to his children, and makes his wife Mary, w'ho 
survived him over ten years, "sole heiress and 
executrix." (Iawinetta, youngest daughter of 
John Campbell, married William, brother of 
iulward and John Harrison, of Perth Amboy, 
and Henry Harrison, of Somerset county. 
John (^'ami)bell, the only son, settled on the 
Raritan river, was high sheriff of Somerset 
anil Middlesex counties, and died, his will 
being ])roved .April 18. 1733. leaving a widow 
Mary, and children: John, Douglass, James, 
Alargaret ( married, Se])tember 22, 1740, Tobias 
\'an Xorden), Janet, .Ann and .Xeill (married 
(first), Ai)ril 2, 1760, Janet McDaniel; (sec- 
ond), January 10, 17(')3. Rachel Cothiel). 

Ily his wife .\nn (Campbell), John Stevens 
had nine children., the first five born in Xew 
N ork (_'itv, the last four in Perth .Amboy: i. 
John Stevens, died in infancy. 2. Sarah Ste- 
vens, born 1708: died .May 2C), 1790: married. 
October, 1753. Ilenry Sulker. of Xew York. 
3. Mary Stevens, born December 30, 17 10; 
married h'enwick, son of David and Sarah 
l.yell. who (lied in 1742; after having been a 
councillor, like Iiis father before him, under 
( lovernor IJiunet, and also a member of the 
council of (iovernor Morris, who nominated 
him in 1739 as deputy advocate-general in ad- 
miralty for Xew Jersey, because he considered 
him "a good lawyer * * * and a ]jerson 
ver\- capable." ( )ne of their children was 
buried at Perth Amboy. 4. .\nn Stevens, born 



STATK OF x\E\V JERSEY 



189 



August 23, 1712: (lied l'"ebrviary 8. 1713. 5. 
Campbell Stevt-iis, born Jul}- 18. 1 7 14: died in 
1770; unmarried: with his next younger 
brother John he was an importer and merchant, 
and as a cai)tain in Colonel Schuyler's regiment 
of "Old Blues" he fought in the French -and 
Indian wars at Oswego and Fort William 
Henry. 6. John Stevens, referred to below. 7. 
William Stevens, born January 28, 1718: died 
March 6, 1742; unmarried. 8. Lewis Stevens, 
born in 1720; died unmarried, April ly, 1772. 
9. Richard Stevens, born 1723: died July 4, 
1802; married, iMarch 31. 1758, Susanna 
Kearney, youngest daughter and third child of 
I'hilip, son of Michael Kearney and his first 
wife, Elizabeth lirittain, and his own first 
wife. Lady IJarney Dexter, whose maiden name 
was Ravaud. Richard Stevens is said to have 
been a man of "small stature, with red hair, 
and all the vivacity of a Frenchman." Being 
largely interested in landed properties, he was 
constantly traveling through the province, and 
died in consequence of injuries received bv 
being thrown from his gig wdiile on his way to 
New Brunswick, living only one day thereafter. 
His wife died the next year, 1803. lying an 
entire winter speechless from the effect of 
])aralysis. The house they lived in was after- 
wards the residence of George Merrit, Esq. 
Differing in this respect from the greater num- 
ber of their friends, both Mr. and Mrs. Ste- 
vens were violent Whigs. They left one daugh- 
ter, who married John, son of Rev. Azel Roe. 
for many years Presbyterian pastor at Wood- 
bridge and Metuchin, and the descendants of 
the several children of this marriage are now 
living in Massachusetts and Connecticut. With 
the exception of Richard Stevens" descendants, 
who have the blood but not the name, John 
Stevens and Ann (Campbell) Stevens have no 
representatives of their name save the issue of 
John (2) Stevens, who will now be considered. 
(II) John (2), sixth child and third son of 
John Stevens (i) and Ann (Campbell) Ste- 
vens, was born in Perth Amboy, October 26. 
1716; died at his son's home in Hoboken, in 
May, 1792, and was buried at Bethlehem, New^ 
Jersey. After the death of his father, together 
with his elder brother, Campbell, John Stevens 
engaged in the importing and mercantile busi- 
ness, trading principally with the W^est Indies 
and Madeira. At that time it was a common 
practice for the larger merchants to take com- 
mand of their own vessels and to transact their 
own business ventures personally, and in con- 
sequence John Stevens made a number of voy- 
ages to different ports. In 1739 he sailed as 



master of the sloop "Martha;" and in 1741, in 
the brigantine "Catharine," he took a cargo of 
flour to Medeira, and returned with one of 
wine. .\ couple of years later, in a letter dated 
Deceiuber 10, 1743, he says, "1 am now on 
settling my self at I'erth Amboy and believe I 
shall not go to sea again." Whether he did do 
so or not there is no record to show ; he how- 
ever continued in business some time longer, 
and apparently retired from active mercantile 
life in 176 1, when he gave himself over to the 
management of his large landed estates and his 
various mining projects and properties. Among 
his other lands he owned in connection with 
Andrew and John Johnson a tract of sixty-one 
thousand acres in Hunterdon county, and he 
was also a large proprietor in the tract which 
is now the site of Elizabethport, as shown by 
his ])etition to the legislature in regard to the 
changing of the course of the road from the 
town of Elizabeth. He likewise possessed a 
controlling interest in the Rocky Hill and Well 
copper mines at Rocky Hill. 

In .\pril, 1752, he removed from Perth Am- 
boy and made his winter c|uarters in New York 
City, where nine years later, in 176 1, he bought 
and occupied No. 7 Broadway, which was then 
in the most fashionable part of the town. No. 
I, w-hich stood next to Fort George, was owned 
liy Mr. Archibald Kennedy, and was General 
Israel Putnam's headquarters during the occu- 
pation of New York by the Continental troops 
in the spring and summer of 1776. It was also 
used by General Howe and other British com- 
manders, and when New York was regarded 
as the site of the capital of the Federal govern- 
ment it was selected as the presidential man- 
sion. Next door to it, No. 3, was the Watts' 
mansion ; while No. 5 was the home of Chief 
Justice Livingston, and No. 9 the Van Cort- 
landt residence. No. 11 being the house of 
Mrs. Eve \'an Cortlandt White. After ten 
years of residence in this New York home, 
John Stevens, in 1771, removed his New Jer- 
sey quarters to Lebanon \'alley, Hunterdon 
count}-, building himself a large house, known 
for a long time afterw-ards as the "Stevens 
mansion." It was situated a few miles south 
of the present Lebanon station, on the Central 
Railroad of New- Jersey, and was standing 
until 1873, when it was torn down. 

.\bout a year previous to his removal to New 
York, on j\Iay 20, 1751, John Stevens made his 
first appearance in political life, as one of the 
members of the general assembly, meeting at 
Perth Amboy ; and from his very first entrance 
into that body he assumed a most prominent 



STATE OF NEW lERSEV. 



position. l)ccoiniiig a me-iiibcr of all of its most 
important committees. In 1755 he took a very 
active part in the raising of troops and money 
to send to Crown Point, wliich was originally 
an English trading station, but which had l)een 
seized twenty-four years befcjre by the French, 
who had built there l-Ort .Saint Frederick. In 
the discussions and balloting reganling tliis. 
the first of the e.\])editions to retake this 
frontier post. John Stevens gave his voice and 
his vote in every instance for the largest ap- 
pro])riation of mone\- and the greatest number 
of troo])s. It was in this same year that, with 
Andrew and jcihn Johnson, Mr. Stevens w'as 
engaged in the building of the blockhouses at 
Drake's Fort, at Xormenach, and at Philiips- 
burg : and it was in the ensuing December that 
with Andrew Johnson he was api)ointed a 
committee to wait upon (iov. Thomas liardy, 
of New Jersey, Gen. William Shirley, the 
C(jmmander-in-chief of the provincial forces, 
and (iov. Robert Hunter .Morris, of Pennsyl- 
vania, to ascertain what steps they had taken 
for defending the frontiers of New York. -\'ew 
Jersey and Pennsylvania against the devasta- 
tions and cruelties of the Indians. J'"or nearly 
a century such of the red men as were natives 
of New- Jersey had all along maintained an 
intercourse of great cordiality and friendship 
with the colonists, l)eing inters]iersed among 
them, frequently receiving meat at their houses 
and other marks of good will and esteem. 
When the troubles broke out among the 
frontier Indians it was observed that some of 
the well disposed Indians were missing, and .1 
few nuirders having alarmed the province, the 
legislature apjiointed commissioners to exam- 
ine into the treatment the Indians had received. 
Two members of the governor's council, .\n- 
<lre\v Johnson and Richard Salter, and four 
special commissioners, Charles Read, John Ste- 
vens, William booster and Jacob .S|Mcer. had a 
conference with the Indians in 1756 and re- 
l)orted to the legislature the following year 
when they were given increased powers; and 
in the ensuing b'ebruary, 1758, hekl a confer- 
ence at Crosswicks, Burlington county, with 
Teedyescunk, king of the Delawares, George 
llopayock, from the Susc|uehanah, and thirty 
other chiefs, which resulted in two treaty con- 
ferences being held, one at I'nrlington. .Xugust 
7-8, 1758. and the other at Easton. Pennsyl- 
vania. October 8-26, 1758. in which the Indian 
claims were fully satisfied and their differences 
with the colonists adjusted. It was also during 
this period that Tohn Stevens was pavmaster 
,.f the -Old llhies." ,,f which Colonel Schuvler 



was colonel, and in which his brother Canijjbeli 
Stevens was a cajstain. Mr. Stevens's regi- 
mental account book has been preserved, and 
is full of interesting items and valuable infor- 
mation, especially in regard to the hardships 
endiired by the difYerent privates who were 
made ]jrisoners at Oswego and Fort W'illiam 
Henry. 

I'rom his first a])pointment up to 1762, Mr. 
."Stevens was a member of the lower house of 
the assembly : but on January 8, of the latter 
year, he received his appointment as a member 
of the governor's council, of which body he 
remained a member until its dissolution. In 
the fall of 1765, w'hile John Stevens was re- 
siding at New York, the British parliament 
]jassed its famous "Stamp .\ct," whereby "all 
legal and mercantile documents and contracts. 
newspa])ers, pamphlets, almanachs, etc., were 
re<|uired to written or printed on stamped 
])a])er upon which a duty was to be imposed 
payable to officials appointed by the Crow'n." 
This act was to have gone into effect Novem- 
ber I, 1765. On that day the flags in New 
^'ork were hung at half mast, stores were 
closed, bells were tolled, and the streets were 
thronged with e.xcited crowds. The Sons of 
Eiberty, a loose secret organization extending 
through the colonies, and formed for the pur- 
pose of concerting resistance to the act, broke 
o|)en the governor's coach-house, took out his 
chariot of state and put into it two images, one 
of the governor himself, the other of the devil. 
so arranged that he seemed to be whispering 
in the governor's ear. Hauling the chariot and 
its effigies through the streets until they came 
tn l'"ort George, with lighted torches, they 
wound up their demonstration by stoning the 
fort and burning the chariot in a bonfire. So 
high ran the excitement that civil war was 
innninent ; and Gov. Colden, in order to allay 
the ajiprehensions of the populace, November 
4. i/f^S- addressed a letter to Mayor John 
Cruger and Messrs. Robert R. Livingston, 
John Stevens and I'>everley Robinson, in which 
he promised that "he would not issue or suffer 
to be issued any of the stamps now in Fort 
George." and requesting these gentlemen to 
take such steps as would insure the preserva- 
tion of the fjublic peace and safety. This letter 
brought forth the following manifesto : "The 
I'reemen. Freeholders, and Inhabitants of this 
City, being satisfied that the stamps are not to 
be issued, are determined to keep the peace of 
the Citj' at all events, except they shall see 
cause of complaint." (Signed) "John Cruger. 
Robert R. Livingston, John Stevens, Beverley 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



191 



Robinson. " As a result of this, the obno.xious 
stamped paper was delivered into the hands of 
the mayor and the corporation of the city, and 
when shortly afterwards a vessel arrived with 
a new supply, it was forcibly taken out and 
• lestroyed. 

In 1770, in reply to a letter from Gov. Will- 
iam Franklin in regard to certain (juestions 
which had arisen concerning the court of chan- 
cery, Air. Stevens wrote as follows: "I am of 
the opinion that a Court of Chancery in this 
I'rovince is re(|uisite, and that it ought to be 
kept open, but that at this Time and ever since 
the year 17 13. the Court has not been held on 
a proper Establishment, as no Ordinance for 
erecting said Court, or qualification of several 
of tlie Chancellors appears. I therefore with 
submission, advise that the Governor and 
("ouncil do form an Ordinance for the Estab- 
lishment of the Court of Chancery, to consist 
of his E.xcellency the (lovernor, with such of 
the Council or others as shall be thought proper 
or fitting for the Trust, and that they all take 
the necessary (|ualification for the due dis- 
charge of their dut}' ; and that every step may 
be taken to give authority and permanence to 
the Court I would propose that a full State of 
the Court of Chancery as to the manner in 
which it has been from time to time held, be 
made and transmitted to our Most Gracious 
Sovereign for his further instruction to the 
( lovernor with regard to his will and pleasure 
therein" * * * In 1774, together with his 
wife's brother-in-law, Walter Rutherfurd, 
John Stevens was appointed on the joint com- 
mission which undertook to settle the differ- 
ences which had arisen with respect to the 
boundary lines between the colonies of New 
York anfl New Jersey, and their report was 
filed in the following November. 

.\t the outbreak of the war. John Stevens 
was ])residing over the colonial council, and 
feeling that the ]irominent position he held 
obliged him to take soiue active steps against 
the encroachments of the Crown, he wrote in 
June, 1776, to Governor William Franklin : 
"Sir: It is with the greatest concern I see the 
dispute between (ireat Britain and these Colo- 
nies arisen to the present alarming situation 
of bdth countries. \\"hile I had hopes of an 
accommodation of our unhappy controversy I 
was unwilling to (|uit a station which enabled 
me to be serviceable to my Country, but the 
Continuation of Hostilities by the British Min- 
istery. and the large Armament of Foreign 
Troops daily e.x]iected to invest our Country 
leaves me no longer room to doubt that an 



entire submission of these Colonies with a view 
of Internal Taxation is their ultimate object. 
Your I'lxcellency will not wonder that I should 
prefer the duty I owe my Native Country to 
any other consideration. I therefore beg leave 
to resign my seat at the Council Ijoard. I am 
sir, Your E.xcellency's Most Obedient, Humble 
Servant, John Stevens." On August 2^ follow- 
ing he was chosen to represent Hunterdon 
county in the new patriotic council which was 
then formed ; and one week later, September 
3, 1776, he was unanimously elected to fill the 
chair of the vice-jiresident, a position which he 
held continuously until October 5, 1782, and 
being found almost always in his seat. An- 
other of Mr. Stevens's anxieties at this time 
was the care of the treasury of the new state. 
X(jt only did he frequently supply its defi- 
ciencies from his own purse, but being also 
one of the sureties for the provincial treasurer, 
John Smyth, he seems to have had the actual 
care of the money chest; and in several of his 
letters he alludes to his fear that it will be cap- 
tured by the enemy, and also speaks of its 
being removed to various places for greater 
security. This responsibility was finally re- 
moved from his shoulders by the appointment 
of his son. Col. John Stevens, to succeed him. 
In 1 78 1, John Stevens was chosen vice-presi- 
dent of the board of East Jersey proprietors, 
and two years later, in 1783, became president 
of that body. 

November 6, 1782, Mr. Stevens was elected 
a member of the Continental congress as a 
representative of New Jersey, and took his 
seat Alay 20, 1783, but the session was simply 
a business one, and nothing worthy of notice 
transacted. September 17, 1787, Mr. Stevens 
was elected president of the New Jersey state 
convention that ratified the Constitution of the 
Cnited States ; and instead of sending the rati- 
fication to congress by mail or by a special 
messenger, he deemed it "more seemly to the 
dignity of the body" he represented and of the 
one to which he was accredited to deliver it in 
person. His own account of the delivery, 
which was the fitting close to a long and event- 
ful political career, worthily sustained, is thus 
given in a letter to his friend. Chief Justice 
Brearley. "Hoboken, February 11, 1788. Dear 
Sir : — .*\s soon as I had heard there was a 
sufficient number of members met to make a 
Congress I proceeded to New York, and on 
l<"riday the first instant I delivered to the Presi- 
dent in Congress assembled the New Jersey 
Ratification of the proposed Constitution of 
the I'nited States ; and I have the pleasure to 



K.J2 



STATE OF NEW lERSEY. 



inform ymi tlial in conversation with the l^resi- 
dent at the Chancellor's (Robert R. Livingston, 
son-in-law of John Stevens) he sayd he had 
no instructions to make me any answer to 
what I said to him on delivering the Ratifica- 
tion, but that he thought it the most ample of 
an)- that had been delivered to Congress, and 
in particular the Convention's reciting the 
powers by which they were conveyed. 1 was 
exactly in time, as the first of February was 
set down for taking up and entering the sev- 
eral Certificates and 1 delivered ours before 
they began that business." 

[ohn Stevens, it is said, w-as no orator, al- 
though he was a very fair debater, owing to 
his legal training, and was a fiuent speaker of 
great clearness and conciseness. Throughout 
his life he was a zealous supporter of the 
Establishetl Church of England. During his 
residence at Perth Amboy he was a vestryman 
of St. Peter's, 1749-52, when he removed to 
New York and was transferred as a communi- 
cant to Trinity Church in that city. May 13- 
14, 1774. with his brother Richard, Mr. Hiet 
and Richard Dennis, he represented the laity 
in the convention at New Brunswick ; and he 
contributed largely to the building of the frame 
meetinghouse at Lebanon, besides being one of 
the principal supporters of St. Thomas's 
church at Palmyra, Hunterdon county, near 
the Cornwall mansion, the residence of his 
brothers Lewis and Richard. His latter days 
were spent with his son. Col. John Stevens, at 
Hoboken, where he died early in May, 1792, 
and was buried at the frame meetinghouse. 

In 174H John Stevens married Elizabeth, 
fourth cliikl and second daughter of James 
.Alexander and Mary (Sprat) Provoost, daugh- 
ter of John Sprat and Maria De Peyster, and 
widow of Samuel Provoost, whose son John, 
by his marriage with Eve Rutgers, had a son 
Samuel, who became the first bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in New York. 
James Alexander, born 1691, in Scotland, died 
in Xew York City, 1756, was second and 
youngest son of William .Mcxander, of Edin- 
burg. Emigrating to New Jersey in 1715, he 
settled as a practicing lawyer at Perth Amboy, 
of which city he became the first recorder. 
For his defence of John Peter Zenger, when 
the latter was accused of sedition in 1733, he 
was temporarily disbarred. He became suc- 
cessively surveyor-general of East and West 
Jersey, receiver-general of ([uit-rents for East 
Jersey, advocate-general, member of the King's 
council, attorney-general, and again advocate- 
general. I'esides being one of the most promi- 



nent men in the colon)-, he was one of the 
founders of the American Philosophical Soci- 
ety. Mary, his eldest child, married Peter van 
iirugh. second son of Philip, Lord of Livings- 
ton Manor, by his second wife, the widow 
Ricketts. James Alexander {2) died at eight 
years of age. William Alexander, his only 
other son, was the famous patriot, Major-Gen- 
cral Lord Stirling, wdio claimed that earldom 
through descent from his great-grandfather. 
Sir \\ illiam .Alexander, Earl of Stirling, 1580- 
1O40. Elizabeth Alexander, wife of John Ste- 
vens, was born December 15. 1726. and died at 
Clermont, Livingston Manor, September, 1800. 
Catharine Alexander married (^first) Elisha. 
son of Col. John and Janet (Johnstone) Parker, 
and grandson of Elisha Parker, the emigrant to 
Perth Amboy, by his second wife, Hannah 
Rolph ; and (second) Major Walter Ruther- 
furd, son of Sir John Rutherfurd, of Edgers- 
ton. Scotland. Anne Alexander died single, 
and Susannah .Mcxander married John Reid. 
of Scotland. 

Children of John and Elizabeth (.Alexander) 
.Stevens: i. John, referred to below. 2. Alary, 
(lied in Washington, D. C, 1814; married, 
.September 9, 1770, Chancellor Robert R. Liv- 
ingston, to whom she bore daughters — Eliza- 
beth Stevens Livingston, born May 5, 1780, 
died June 10, 1827, married, 1800, Edward 
Philip Livingsttin ; and Alargaret Maria Liv- 
ingston, born April 11, 1783, died March 8. 
181 8, married, 1799, Robert L. Livingston. 

(UL) John (3), son of John Stevens (2) 
and Elizabeth (.Alexander) Stevens, was born 
in Perth Aniboy, in 1749, and died at his home 
in Hol)oken, New Jersey, March 6, 1838. He 
graduated from King's (now- Columbia) Col- 
lege, 1768, and shortly afterwards was ad- 
mitted to the bar. He practiced, however, 
very little, and his life was chiefly devoted to 
engineering experiments at his own cost for 
the common good. He ranks "among the great- 
est of the engineers and naval architects of the 
eighteenth and nineteenth centuries." During 
the revolutionary war he held several ])ublic 
offices. He and his uncle Richard were both 
of them deinities from Hunterdon county to 
the last of the royal provincial congresses 
which met during May, June and August, 
1775: and he was the treasurer of the state of 
New Jersey, 1776-79. .\t the close of the war 
of Inde]3endence he married and settled down, 
living in the winter at No. 7 Broadway, New 
A'ork City, and in the summer on the island of 
Hoboken, which had been confiscated by the 
state of New Tersev from ^^'illiam Bavard, the 



STATE OF NEW 



ICRSEY 



193 



royalist, and >ukl, March 16, 1784, to John 
Stevens, for ii8,36o. About 1800, Charles 
Loss, a civil engineer, made for John Stevens 
a map of about half the upland within the 
jiresent city limits of Hoboken, and March 20, 
1804, the first sale of lots from this map was 
made at the Tontine coffee house, in New 
York, by David Dixon, auctioneer. Early in 
1774 a ferry had been established to connect 
the corporation dock at Bear market in New 
York with the island of Hoboken. At first the 
ferry was in charge of Cornelius Haring, agent 
for the state of New Jersey. During the revo- 
lution, like all other ferries, it was under mili- 
tary control, and up to 181 1 the common coun- 
cil of New York leased it to different parties 
although since 1784 its owner was John Ste- 
vens, who. April 13, 181 1, obtained the lease 
for himself and immediately constructed his 
steam ferry-boat the "Juliana," which carried 
one hundred passengers and was the first steam 
ferry-boat in the world. It made sixteen trips 
but not being as economical as the old horse- 
boats, was then taken oft'. In June, 181 7, John 
Stevens sold all of his interest in the ferry to 
John, Robert and Samuel Swartwout, who 
assigned it in 1819 to Philip Home, at which 
time the New York landing was changed from 
Vesey to Barclay street. In May, 1821, the 
Stevens family re])urchased the ferry and 
agreed to pay the city of New York $1,800 
annual rent for landing privileges. John Ste- 
vens then re-established the steam ferry-boats, 
the first being the "Hoboken," which made 
regular trips "every hour by the St. Paul's 
clock." In this boat the ladies' cabin was below 
deck, carpeted and warmed by open fireplaces. 
In July, 1836, the old Spring street landing, 
which had been in use since 1774, was changed 
to the present Christopher street slip. In 1895 
the Stevens family transferred the ferry. 

In 1787 the legislature of New York granted 
John Fitch the exclusive right to navigate the 
waters of that state with steam propelled 
vessels. This same year, while driving along 
the banks of the Delaware, near Burlington, 
John Stevens saw Fitch's steamboat pass up 
the river against the tide. His interest was 
excited, and he followed the boat to the land- 
ing where he examined carefully the engines 
and the mechanism of the pushing paddles ; 
and "from that hour he became a thoroughly 
excited and unwearied experimenter in the 
application of steam to locomotion." In 1790 
he petitioned congress to protect the rights of 
American inventors, with the result that the 
committee to whom his petition was referred, 



u'ported the bilf which, as the law of Aprif 10, 
1790, forms the foundation of the American 
patent system. Under this law, in 1792, John 
Stevens took out patents for propelling vessels 
by steam pumps, modified from the original 
steam pumps of Savary. Continuing his ex- 
periments on different modes of propulsion by 
steam, John Stevens now associated with him- 
self the elder Brunei constructor of the Thames 
tunnel, Chancellor Robert R. Livingston, his 
brother-in-law, and Nicholas J. Roosevelt, and 
in 1798, when the legislature of New York 
oft'ered a monopoly of exclusive privileges to 
the owner of a boat that would comply with 
given conditions and at the same time attam a 
speed of three miles an hour, John Stevens 
launched the first steamboat that navigated the 
Hudson. This boat was completed in 1801, 
but failed to fulfill the speed conditions im- 
posed, and the appointment of Robert R. Liv- 
ingston as minister plenipotentiary to France 
the same year, interrupted the joint experi- 
ments, and resulted from Livingston's subse- 
quent association with Robert Fulton, whom 
he met in Paris, in the latter winning the 
monopoly with the "Clermont." Meanwhile 
Stevens persevered by himself, and in 1804 
made the first practical application of steam to 
the screw propeller. His boiler, which was 
multitubular, he had patented in the United 
States the year before, and the year after in 
England. His propeller was the twin-screw, 
and as his letter to Dr. Robert Hare, of Phila- 
delphia, shows, a helix, and identically the 
short four-headed screw that is now in use. 
The engine and boiler of this steamboat are 
now jireserved in the museum of the Smith- 
sonian Institution. Shortly after their father's 
death his sons placed this engine and boiler in 
a boat which was tested before a committee of 
the American Institute of New York, and the 
speed it attained was about nine miles an hour. 
"The engine and screw * * * show the 
correctness of his ideas, as well as the imper- 
fection of the workmanship of that period that 
prevented success." To the day of his death, 
John Stevens always upheld the efficacy of his, 
screw and its great advantages for ocean navi- 
gation, and the years succeeding hiin have 
vindicated his contention. For over thirty 
years, however, he stood alone; but in 1837 
experiments were simultaneously begun both 
in England and the L^nited States, in the for- 
t'lier country by the introduction of the Archi- 
median screw of a single thread, and in Amer- 
ica by the trial of a multi-threaded screw on 
the surface of a cylinder. Both of these, how- 



J 94 



STATE OF \KW lERSEY. 



evft. were soon replaced by the sliort foiir- 
bladed screw of Stevens, the conversion in 
England being about 1842, and in the L'nited 
States about 1847. Three years after launch- 
ing his first steamboat, John Stevens, together 
with his son, Robert Livingston Stevens, per- 
fected the invention so as to meet the require- 
ments of the New York legislature, but he did 
this not with his screw propeller but with his 
paddle wheel steamboat, the "Phoenix;" and 
being a few days later than Fulton in launch- 
ing his boat, he was shut out of New York 
waters by the monopoly of Fulton and Liv- 
ingston. As a consequence, he conceived the 
bold design of conveying his boat to the Dela- 
ware river by sea, so in June. 1808, his son, 
Robert L. Stevens, took the "Phoenix" down 
the coast from New York to Philadelphia, thus 
reaping the honor of having commanded, and 
with his father of having invented and built, 
the first boat to navigate the ocean by steam 
]K)wer. F\)r the next six years the "Phoenix" 
plied the waters of the Delaware and proved 
that the steam navigation of that river was a 
commercial success. 

In 1813, John Stevens designed an iron-clad 
steam vessel with a "saucer shaped" hull which 
was to be ])lated with iron and to carry a heavy 
battery. This vessel was designed to be secured 
to a swivel which was to be held in position by 
an anchor in the channel of the stream to be 
defended. Screw jiropellers driven by steam 
engines were to be placed beneath the vessel, 
where they would be safe from injury by shot, 
and connected with the machinery, which was 
arranged to cause the vessel to be rapidly re- 
volved about the swivel in its center. Each, 
gun was to be fired as it was brought into line, 
and was to be reloaded before it came around 
again. This was an early embodiment of the 
Monitor princiiile. and was the first iron-clad 
ever designed. 

In February, 1812. shortly before the war 
with Fuigland. and five years before the com- 
mencement of work on the Erie canal, John 
.Stevens addressed a memoir to the New York 
state commission appointed to devise water 
communication between the seaboard and the 
lakes, urging, instead of a canal, the immediate 
construction of a railroad. This memoir, to- 
gether with the adverse report of the com- 
missioners — De Witt Clinton, (ioitverncur 
Morris and Chancellor Robert R. Livingston — 
was published at the time, also in 1852, with a 
preface by Charles King, president of Colum- 
bia College, and again in 1882, by the Railroad 
Gazette. When the memoir was first written. 



railroads for carrying coal had been in use in 
England for upwards of two hundred years, 
but there was not a steam locomotive or passen- 
ger car in the world. John Stevens's pamphlet, 
entitled "Docun:ents tending to prove the su- 
perior advantages of railways and steam car- 
riages over canal navigation," ranks its author 
"even if he had failed, as he did not, in the field 
of invention, to be held in grateful remem- 
brance by his countrymen for his broad and 
statesmanlike views, keen perception, ardent 
patriotism, and a demonstration that was pro- 
phetic in its accuracy." His plans and esti- 
mates were definite : and his proposal was to 
build a passenger and freight railroad for gen- 
eral traffic from Albany to Lake Erie, having 
a double track, with wooden stringers capped 
with wrought plate rails resting on piles, and 
the motive power to be steam locomotives. lie 
enumerates comprehensively the advantage of 
a general railroad system, naming many details 
that were afterwards found necessary, and 
putting the probable future speed at from 
twenty to thirty miles an hour, and possibly 
from forty to fifty. This indentical plan was 
successfully carried out between fifteen and 
twenty years later in the construction of the 
South Carolina railroad, commenced in 1829, 
which when completed in 1832 was the longest 
railway in the world, the first king railway in 
the L'nited States, a