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Histoi-ian ot the New Knglanti Histriric-iieneakigiLal So(-ii'l> ; Librarian Kiiieritus ot Woburn Public- 
Library. Author of 'The Cutter Family." "History of Arliiis-ton. " "Bibliography of Woburn," etc.. etc. 

ASSIST i-:n r.v 

Piesident of Connecticut Valley Historical Society; Publi.sher ot Pynchon Genealogy. "Picturesque 
Hampden." "Picturesque Berkshire." etc.. etc. 





.... 1910 ... . 

Copyright 1910. 
Lewis Historical Publishing Company. 



THE present work, "Genealogical and Personal Memoirs," relating to the leading families 
of Massachusetts, presents in the aggregate an amount and variety of genealogical and 
)>ersonal information and portraiture unequalled by any kindred publication. Indeed, 
iKi similar work concerning this region has ever before been presented. It contains a vast 
amount of ancestral history never before j^rmted. The object, clearlx defined and well 
digested, is threefold: 

First: To ])resenl in concise form the hi>tory of established families of the Common- 

Second : To preserve a record of their prominent present-day people. 

Third: To present through personal sketches, linked with the genealogical narrative, the 
relation of the prominent families of all times to the growth, singular prosperity and wide- 
spread influence of the historic old "Ba}' State." 

There are numerous voluminous narrative histories of this section in one form or other, 
making it unnecessary in this work to even outline its annals. ^Vhat has been published, how- 
ever, principally relates to the people in the mass. The amplification necessary to complete 
the picture of the region, old and nowaday, is what is 
supplied in large degree by these Genealogical and Per- 
sonal Alemoirs. In other words, while others have writ- 
ten of "the times," the province of this work is to be a 
chronicle of the people who have made Massachusetts. 

Than Massachusetts, no other State or region offers 
so peculiarly interesting a field for such research. Its 
.sons — "native here, and to the manner born." and of 
splendid ancestry — have attained distinction in every field 
of human effort. .\n additional interest attaches to the 
present undertaking in the fact that, while dealing 
j>rimarily with the history of native Massachusetts, this 
work approaches the dignity of a national epitome of 
genealogy and biography. Owing to the wide dispersion 
throughout the country of the old families of the State, 
the authentic account here presented of the constituent 
elements of her social life, past and present, will be 
of far more than merely local value. In its s])ecial 
field it will be found, in an appreciable degree, a reflection 
of the development of the country at large, since hence 
went out representatives of the historical families, in 
various generations, who in far remote places — beyond 
the Mississippi and in the Far West — were with the 
vanguard of civilization, building up communities, 
creating new commonwealths, planting, wherever they 
went, the church, the school house and the printing 
press, leading into channels of thrift and enterprise all Runkei- Hin Monumi-Mt. 


who gathered ahout them, and proving a power for ideal citizenship and good government. 
Unique in conception and treatment, this work constitutes one of the most original and 
permanentlv valuable contributions ever made to the social history of an American communit\- 
In it are arrayed in a lucid and dignified manner all the imi^ortant facts regarding the ancestry, 
personal career and matrimonial alliances of those who. in each succeeding generation, have 
been accorded leading positions in the social, professional and business life of the State. Nor 
has it been based upon, neither does it minister to, aristocratic prejudices and assumptions. 
On the contrary, its fundamental ideas are thoroughly American and democratic. The work- 
everywhere conveys the lesson that distinction lias been gained only by honorable public service, 
or by usefulness in private station, and that the deveIo|)ment and prosperity of the State of 
which it treats has been dependent iipnn the character of its citizens, and the stimulus which 
the}' have given to commerce, to industry, to the arts and sciences, to education and religion — 
to all that is comprised in the highest civilization of the present da\- — through a continual pro- 
gressive development. 

The inspiration underlying the work is a ferxent appreciation of the truth so well expressed 
by Sir \\'alter Scott, that "there is no heroic poem in the world, liut is at the bottom the life 
of a man." And with this goes a kindred truth, that to know a man, and rightly measure his 
character, and weigh his achievements, we must kncjw whence he came, from what forbears he 
sjjrang. Trul}- as heroic poems have been written in human li\'es in the paths of peace as in 
the scarred roads of war. Such examples, in whatever line of endeavor, are of much worth 
as an incentive to those who come afterward, and such were never so needful to be written of 
as in the present day. when pessimism, forgetful of the splendid lessons of the past, withholds 
its effort in the present, and views the future only with alarm. 

-\nd, further, the custodian of records concerning the useful men (_}f preceding generations, 
who has aided in placing his knowledge in preservable and accessible form, of the homes and 
churches, schools, and other institutions, which 
they founded, and of their descendants who have 
lived honorable and useful lives, has performed a 
public service in rendering honor to whom honor 
is due, and in inculcating the most valuable les- 
sons of patriotism and giiod citizenship. 

The vast influence exerted by the people of 
tliis State is immeasurable. The story of the 
Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies lies at 
the foimdation of the best there is in American 
histor}-. and the names of Brewster, W'inslow. 
Bradford., .\l(len, ^^'arren, I lowland 
(all of whom came in the "Mavflower" antl were 
prominent in the ( )ld Colony,) with hreeman, 
< lorham and Sears — all these of Plymouth ; and 
\\'inthrop, Saltonstall, Dudley, A\'ilson, Brad- 
street, and others, of the Massachusetts Bav Col- 
ony, have an imdying fame, and these names are 
prominent to-day in Massachusetts. These earlv 
settlers erected an original form of government, 
pledging themselves to maintain and preserve all 
their liberties and jirivileges, and in their vote stockbndge Monument. 

IS'VKi )I)L'C"T( )KV 

Isaiah Thomas 
of "Massachiisi 

and MitTrage as their conscience might them ninve. as tu best 

conduce and tend to the public weal ol the body, witlioiit 

respect of persons or favor ol any man. Their heroism \\a> 

exhibited in their C(inflicts with >avages. In statesnianshi]) 

thev builded better than the_\- knew, 'i'heir code nf laws known 

as the "r>ody of Liberties" has been termed an almost declara- 
tion of independence, opening with the pronouncement that 

neither life, liberty, honor nor estate were to be invaded unless 

under express laws enacted by the local authorities, and w hen 

this bold declaration led to the demand of the English govern- 
ment that the colonial charter should be surrendered, the ct>lo- 

nists resisted to a successful issue. In later days Faneuil 1 lall 

became the cradle of American Liberty, and from its platform 

were proclaimed the doctrines which bore fruit in resistance to 

the Stamp Act, in the liostoii .Massacre, and the eiigagemeiits 

of contesting armed forces at Lexingt(jn and C'oncord and Hunker 1 Mil. 

At a later da\'. when came the momentous i|uestion whether a free and liberal g(j\ern- 

ment "of the people, by the people and for the people" was to ]ierish from the earth, the 

suns (if their illustrious sires were not found wanting in patriotism and (le\-olion. Ijut freely 

sacrificed comforts, property and life, for the vindi- 
cation of the principles inherited from the fathers. 
Mere, too. were developed in highest degree the 
arts of peace. Religion, education, science, inven- 
tion, labor along all the lines of mechanical and 
industrial progress, here made their lieginnmgs. and 
while their ramifications extended thmughout the 
length and breadth of the land, the jiareiit home and 
the |)arent stock held their pie-eminence, as they do 
to the present day. 

The descendants of those early settlers are 
especialh- iiroud of their ancestry: for. whatever the 
part allotted them, even the most trivial service 
rendered should command respect and admiration, 
and those now residents of .Massachusetts shoulil 
esteem it a |irecious pri\ilege to have their names 
associated with such an illustrious grouii of fami- 
ilies. Such an honorable ancestry is a noble heritage, 
and the stor\- of its achievements is a sacred trust 
committed to its descendants, ujjou whom devolves 
the ]ier])etuatioii of the record. 

It was the consensus of o|)inion of gentlemen 
well informed and loyal t(] the memories of the jiast 
and the needs of the present and future, that the 
editorial su])ervision of William Richard Cutter. .\. 
M.. ensured the best results attainable in theiirepara- 
tion of material for the proi)osed work, h'or more 

King's Chapel. Boston. 

n\(^ Slate House. Bostc 

11.1 S(>\Uh IMuirrh, R.i.^tr 


than a gent-ration jiast he h:\> t;i\cn his leisure u> historical 
and genealogical research and anlhorshi]i. He was the 
author, with his father, of "History of the Cutler [-"amih- of 
Xew England," 11X71-1875: and ■■|lisi(iry of Arhngton. 
-Massachusetts,"' 1S80; andeililed Lieutenant Samuel Thoin])- 
^on's "Diary While Serving in tlie i-"rench and Indian W ar, 
175S," 189(1. I le also prepared a monograph entitled "Jour- 
nal of a h'orloii I'l-isoner. l'".ngland." sketches of .\rlington 
and W'ohurn. .Massachusetts, and many articles on snhjects 
ciMniected wilh local historical and genealogical matters, for 
periodical literature. lie prej)ared a " I'.ihliography of 
W'ohurn." which was pul)lished, and he has heen engaged as 
editor cil \arious historical works outside oi his own cit)'. 
His narrative on "Early I'aniilies." which introduces \"olume 
]. of this work, and the leading fifty pages of l)iograph\- in 
N'olume II.. are of peculiar value. 

Others to whom the ]jul)lishtrs desire to make grateful 
e^overnor Levi Lincoln. acknowledgment for Services rendered in various wa>s— as 

writers, or in an advisory wa_\', in pointing to channels of valuable information, are: William 
hVederick Adams, a first authoritw publisher of "The I'ynchon ( lenealogy." "1 'ictures(|ue 
Hampden," "Picturesque Berkshire," etc.; Edward Henry Clement, for many years editor 
of the Boston Transcript; John Howard Brown, editor of Lamb's "Biographical Dictionary 
of the United States:" and Ezra Scolh' Stearns, the well-known .\ew Hampshire historian 
and antiquarian. 

This work comprises a carefully prepared genealogical history of several hundred rep- 
resentative families r>f Massachusetts. The edittir and jiublishers desire to state that they 
have adopted a different method for collecting and compiling data than has heretofore been 
pursued in this country. Time and expense w ere not spared in making the publication a 
valuable work for reference. The value of famih- history and genealogy depends ui)on 
accuracy, and the thoroughness of research in ])ubhc and |)ri\ate records: also, upon the use 
of old and unpublished manuscripts, supplemented by a careful gleaning and com])iling of 
information to be found in the various 
|jrinted works in public and private 
libraries. It was the aim of editor and 
publishers to utilize all such material. 
connecting the same with the .American 
jirogenitor, where possible, and present 
in a narrative form the family line 
down to and including the present .gen- 
eration, weaving in the military and 
civic services of the subject treated. In 
order to insure greatest possiljle accu- 
racy, all matter for this work was sub 
mitted in typewritten manuscri]5t to per- 
.sons most interested, for re\'ision and 


In the comparatively few instances 
where a sketch is faulty, the shortcoming 
is in the main ascribable to the paucity of 
(lata obtainable, some families being wilh- 
( )Ut exact records in their family line ; in 
iither cases, representatives of a given 
famil}- are at disagreement as to names, 
dates, etc. 

It is believed that the [jresent work, 
in spite of the occasional fault which 
attaches to such undertakings, will ])rove 
a real addition to the mass of annals con- 
cernmg the historic families (it .Massa- 
chusetts, and that, without it, much \aluab!e infciniiatioii would remain inaccessible or 
irretrievably lost, owing to the passing away of custodians of family records, and the 
;oiisec]uent disappearance of material in their possession. 




The late William H. W'hitmore, city regis- 
trar of Boston, has treated the history of the 
prominent families of Boston in the seven- 
teenth and eighteenth centuries in a cursory 
manner in two chapters at the end of the first 
and second volumes of Winsor's "^Memorial 
History of Boston.'' There has never been, 
according to his statement, any general or 
complete attempt to write their genealogy, as 
a whole, and probably never will be, owing to 
the want of proper material, and the magni- 
tude of the undertaking. The greater part of 
the early settlers came from the middle class 
of England. Their ideas of society were the 
same as the English, and they were devoid of 
the element of the very poor, as well as of the 
higher class of the nobility. Until the Revolu- 
tion of 1775 they were in effect and in practice 
a British province. 

Mr. W'hitmore gives a list of forty promi- 
nent families of the seventeenth century in 
whicli he names the following : 




( ierrish. 




































1 1. 








































Of the above, W'inthrop, Endicott. Leverett, 
Bradstreet. Savage, Hutchinson, (Oliver, Brat- 
tle, Tyng, I'sher, Jeffries. Shrimpton. Stod- 
dard, Lvnde. Clarke, Cotton and Mather, are 

about all the names that are familiar to the 
present generation. Taken up seriatim : 

1. The ancestor of the W'inthrop family left 
two sons who left male descendants in New 
London, Connecticut, and Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts. One son, whose only son died with- 
out issue, is represented at present by descend- 
ants in the female line in Chelsea and W'in- 
throp, Massachusetts. 

2. Bellingham : Name e.xtinct in the second 

3. Endicott : Descendants in Esse.x county, 
through one son. The other son died without 

4. Leverett : Ancestor an alderman in Old 
Boston before removal here ; one son and 
several married daugjiters in the second gener- 

5. Bradstreet : Numerous descendants. 

6. Hough: Alderman of Old Boston before 
coming here : one son in the second generation, 
one son in the third ; two sons in the fourth 
generation died before middle age. 

7. Hibbens: No issue after first generation. 

8. Gibbons : Extinct soon. 

9. Davy: Ancestor was son of a baronet; 
one son returned to England and inherited 
estate and title of his grandfather; two sons 
by a second wife. 

10. Richards: No children in one case; 
another Richards had an only son and also 
daughters; a third of the name died without 

11. Savage: By two wives, six children and 
eleven children. "The family has maintained 
its position in Boston till the present genera- 

12. Cooke: One son of the second genera- 
tion. This son had an only daughter whose 
descendants of another name still represent 
the family in Boston. 

13. Hutchinson: The later generation belongs 
to the record of the eighteenth century. 

14. Oliver: .Appear to have well sustained 
their number and influence. 

15. Hull: In the second generation, an only 
child, a daughter, whose descendants were 

16. Brattle: Male line extinct in the third 



17. Tyng: Male members, descendants of 
two brothers, not numerous ; line continued in 
female branches. 

18. Alford: Does not appear after the third 

19. Scarlett: Xo male descendants. 

20. Joyliffe : In the second generation, an 
only child, a daughter, died unmarried. 

21. Gerrish (later Essex county) ; a grand- 
son returned to Boston and left descendants. 

22. Payne: One child (a son). "The family 
became extinct here in 1834." 

23. jNIiddlecott : Four children, three daugh- 
ters and one son ; the son settled in England. 

24. Usher: Two sons and two daughters of 
the second generation ; one son married and 
had no children ; one son married and had one 
daughter, and by a second marriage had other 
issue "still represented in Rhode Island." 

25. Jeffries : Two sons of the second gener- ' 
ation. "The family is still represented in 
l^oston. being one of the few which have con- 
tinued through all the changes of two centu- 

26. Lidgett : Represented by a son of the 
second generation, who died at London in 

27. Saffin: No issue of the first generation. 

28. Ruck, or Rock: one son of second gen- 
eration, beyond whom the line is not traced. 

29. Whittingham : Left issue after first gen- 
eration here. 

30. Shrimpton : Left issue of a later distin- 
guished generation. 

31. Stoddard: "The family still flourishes, 
though not in Boston." 

32. Sergeant : One generation, without issue. 

33. Sheaffe : Two daughters of the second 
generation, one of whom married a relative of 
the same name. The name appears to have 
ended in Boston in 1724. 

34. Gibbs : "The name continued till recently 
in ^Middlesex county." 

35. Lynde : One son (second generation) 
settled in Salem. 

36. Lyde : One child, a son, no further men- 

37. Clarke : One son, for one family ; other 
families of this name were more numerously 

38. Cotton : Two sons of the second gener- 
ation and two daughters. "The family, how- 
ever, soon passed from Boston." 

39. Allen: One son, who was treasurer of 
the province. 

40. Mather: The members of this family 
appear to be numerous, especially in the female 

branches. "The name, however, was soon lost 
to Boston, though descendants in Connecticut 
still bear it." 

Mr. Whitmore, for the eighteenth century, 
continues his list of the most prominent fami- 
lies of Boston (or Suffolk county) until he 
has included one hundred numbers for the two 
centuries which his list was designed to cover; 
more especially for the eighteenth century, the 
provincial period from 1692 to 1775. He also 
observes that with few exceptions the names 
of the colonial (or first period) disappear early 
in the eighteenth century. In his list for the 
eighteenth century he includes such names as 
follows : 

41. Phips. 

42. Tailer. 

43. Dummer. 

44. Shirley. 

45. Hutchinson. 

46. Oliver. 

47. Hobby. 

48. Temple. 

49. Nelson. 

50. Sewall. 

51. Addington. 
^2. Davenport. 

53. Savage. 

54. Phillips. 

55. Wendell. 

56. Lloyd. 
37. Borland. 

58. \'assall. 

59. Lindall. 

60. Brinley. 

61. Pitts. 

62. Apthorp. 

63. Salisbury. 

64. Marion. 

65. Bridge. 

66. Ouincy. 

67. Fitch. 

68. Clark. 

69. Bromfield. 

70. Payne. 

71. Taylor. 

72. Eliot. 

73. Belcher. 

74. Williams. 

75. W'inslow. 

76. Willard. 

77. Walley. 

78. Ballentine. 

79. Valentine. 

80. Gushing. 

81. Bowdoin. 

82. Faneuil. 

83. Johonnot. 

84. Olivier. 

85. Sigourney. 

86. Brimmer. 

87. Mascarene. 

88. Bethune. 

89. Cunningham. 

90. Boylston. 

91. Trail. 

92. Mountfort. 

93. Greenwood. 

94. Charnock. 

95. Martyn. 

96. Cooper. 

97. Lynde. 

98. Gardiner. 

99. Amory. 
TOO. Waldo. 

The Eighteenth Century, taken up seriatim : 

41. Phips: No children of the first ancestor, 
but a wife's nephew became his heir and 
adoptefl the name ; this nephew had an only 
surviving son, whose family consisted of three 
sons and three daughters. 

42. Tailer : The founder married twice ; no 
issue reported after first generation. 

43. Dummer: Three sons of this name, of 
which one died unmarried, another married 


left an only daughter, and the third left no 
children. "The family has been continued in 
Boston, though not in the name." 

44. Shirley ( family of the English Gover- 
nor) : Four sons and five daughters. "Only 
one son survived him, whose only son died 
without issue in 181 5." 

45. Hutchinson (also of the seventeenth 
century) : Family consisting of two sons, both 
married, whose descendants were most notable ; 
the first had Thomas ( the famous lieutenant- 
governor of the province) and Foster llutch- 
inson ; the second left a son Edward and two 
daughters. Foster had a son and ilaughter, 
and Governor Thomas had three children. j\s 
the members became refugees, they are not 
found here after the Revolution. 

46. Oliver: In the second generation was 
one son, whose son was the father of a branch 
of the family which remained here. By a 
second marriage the first ancestor had a family 
of fourteen children. Another branch of the 
early Oliver family had two sons who were 
married. Another branch of the second gen- 
eration was a member who had four sons, the 
descendants of whom have been numerous. 
There was still another branch of these Bos- 
ton Olivers, one of whose members had two 
wives, and by them many children, most of 
whom died young. A son of this last group 
was a graduate of Flarvard College in 1719, 
one of whose daughters married Benjamin 
Prescott, and was "the ancestress of famous 

47. Hobby : Tiie particular member was 
knighted — "one of our few titled natives;'' iie 
left a widow, but no children. 

48. Temple : One son of this family had 
three daughters, and sons, whose descendants 
are numerous. One of the sons of the emi- 
grant inherited the baronetcy belonging to this 

49. Nelson : Two sons represented this 
family in the second generation ; also daugh - 

50. Sewall : One son of the second genera- 
tion was married, but "the line soon ceased in 
the name :" one son of the same generation was 
married and had a family. "Descendants of 
the name still reside in Boston and the vicin- 

51. Addington : The family ended in the 
second generation with the death of a daughter 
who died young. 

52. Davenport : Third generation was repre- 
sented by two sons and two married daughters 
in Boston. 

53. Savage: This family was numerously 
represented in the eighteeth century in the 
male line. 

54. Phillips : Well represented in the male 
line in Boston to a late generation. 

55. Wendell : Well represented in the male 

56. Lloyd : Numerously represented in the 
male line to about 1850. 

57. Borland : An only son of the second 
generation here had two sons and a daughter. 
One of the two sons had twelve children. 

58. \'assall : Early rather numerous, and 
cne of a later generation had seventeen chil- 
dren, and another member of the family had 
sixteen children. 

59. Lindall : The first generation was repre- 
sented by a person who had three wives and 
seven children, but onl}' one daughter lived to 

60. Brinley: The representative of the first 
generation left a daughter and a son; the son 
liad five sons and two daughters. One of these 
sons married his cousin and left no children: 
another left many descendants, the third mar- 
ried his cousin and left one married son. 

61. Pitts: Here after 1731. The father 
had three sons, the second of whom had five 
sons and two daughters. The third left issue. 

f)2. Apthorp : The first representative had 
eighteen children, of whom fifteen survived 
him, and eleven married. "The name is still 
represented among us." 

O^i- Salisbury: The first representative had 
ten children, of whom two sons and six daugh- 
ters married. "Many descendants of this 
worthy couple remain." 

64. Alarion : In the second generation fi\e 
sons and three daughters. Later members ot 
this family are still numerous in this vicinity. 

65. Bridge : Represented by several married 

66. Quincy : Long identified with Boston. 
The emigrant had an only son, whose progeny 
are numerous. One of the male descendants 
had nine children from whom are many de- 
scendants of the name and of other families. 
Another line represented by an only son had 
later very eminent representatives. 

67. Fitch : In the male line soon extinct ; 
but through a daughter there are descendants. 

68. Clark: Two children, two daughters, of 
the second generation in one case, one son and 
daughters only in the other. In the second 
case the only son had two daughters who mar- 
ried. A sister of the only son died "a child- 
less widow ;" her sister had four children. 


(3ther lines of this family in Boston have been 
distinguished for their number and influence. 

69. Bromfield: One daughter and a son of 
the second generation ; and several sons and 
daughter of the third have carried the name 
and family down to 1849. 

70. Pavne : An only son, who died in 1735, 
left a large family. 

71. Taylor: Of two sons of the second gen- 
eration, one died unmarried : the other had 
only t\\ o daughters. 

■]2. Eliot: The descendants of the first 
mtmber are now mostly in Connecticut ; the 
second member had only daughters ; the third 
had the same : and the fourth had two sons and 
several daughters. Of three male members 
of a later generation two died without issue. 
Another noted family of this name, more proj)- 
erlv spelled Elliott, adopted at a later period 
the shorter spelling. 

73. Belcher: The father of the Boston 
family of tliis name had daughters, and one 
son who was governor of the province. The 
governor had a daughter and two sons. Another 
branch of the family early in Boston was less 

74. Williams: One branch of this family is 
descended from an early schoolmaster, 1703- 
1734, well connected by marriage. ■■.\Iany 
other bearers of the name have lived here, but 
most of them are probably descendants of 
Robert Williams, of Roxbury." 

75. Winslow : "Little can be found in print 
about the Boston line.'' The family is de- 
scended from John, a brother of Governor 
Edward. This John had daughters, and six 
surviving sons. The male line in this family 
was ])rominent. especially from 1740 to 1770. 
Others were merchants in the city "within the 
memory of the present generation." Other 
branches also have been well represented. 

76. Willard : Beginning with a pastor of 
the CJld South Church, having by two wives, 
twenty-one children. The only descendants of 
the name, however, are traced to a son, by 
whose son was preserved the line to the present 
generation. Another son of the first generation, 
was twice married, but left no sons. 

"/J. \\'alley: Two sons of the second gen- 
eration : one had daughters and a son. This 
last married and had two sons ; one died with- 
out issue, and the other had daughters, besides 
a son (who liad twelve children) and a son, 
who had a son, who was a "distinguished citi- 
zen of only a few years ago." 

78. Ballentine : In the second generation 

there were twelve children. "The name fre- 
quently occurs on our records." 

79. \'alentine: The founder died in 1724, 
having had seven children. The eldest son 
went to England. Other sons were of Hop- 
kinton and Fall River; "but many of the de- 
scendants of the name have returned to Bos- 
ton, and have been engaged in business here." 

80. Cushing: The first representative in 
Boston had several children. "The family has 
been especially famous for the number of 
judges it has furnished," and many of the 
name "have been citizens here." 

81. Bowdoin (Huguenot element): Two 
sons in the second generation ; one went to 
\ irginia, "where his descendants still live." 
The other was thrice married, and had daugh- 
ters and sons who married. A grandson was 
Governor of the State ; his only son left no 
issue : and two daughters were married into 
distinguished names. A son of one of the two 
daughters, last named, took the name of Bow- 
doin. as did his son, "but this line is extinct." 

82. Faneuil : Three brothers of this name 
were settled as early as 1691. One returned 
to France, another acquired a large fortune, 
and diecl in 1737-38, leaving a nephew, who 
gave to Boston "Faneuil Hall." The remain- 
ing brother had two sons and several sisters ; 
one of these sons died in 1785, having had two 
sons and a daughter ; one of the sons became 
:i refugee and died in England; the other after 
a stay in Canada and the \\'est Indies, returned 
to Boston after the revolutionary war. 

83. Johonnot : The first, a member of the 
Huguenot church, died in 1748, leaving three 
sons and a daughter. The descendants of later 
generations have been numerous and "the 
name still continues." 

84. Oliver (Huguenot ) : Fifteen children 
of the progenitor were born between 1712 and 
1 73 1. The name in a few cases was changed 
to Oliver, "but the family was represented here 
in 1850." 

85. Sigourney : The family ancestor died 
here in 1727. aged 89; a son married and had 
three daughters and three sons. One of the 
latter had twelve children ; another had ten 
children ; and another had five children. "The 
name has been widely spread in this com- 

86. Brimmer : The founder was born in 
Germany in 1697. ^"^ married here, and had 
three daughters and a son. all married. S. 
son of the later generation was mayor of Bos- 
ton and died in 1847. The name still exi.sts. 


87. Mascarene (distinguished Huguenot an- 
cestry) : The original representative here was 
a soldier, but married and made Boston his 
home. He had an only son and three married 
daughters. The son died in 1778, leaving an 
only son who died unmarried. Jn another line 
were a few male representatives of a late gen- 

88. Bethune : Dates from about 1724. "By 
the death of the senior representatives the heir 
of this line now is the head of the family." 
The representatives in the male line are not 

89. Cunningham : The family came here 
about 1680. There were three sons of the 
second generation. The line has been prolific 
in comparison with some of the families previ- 
ously named. "This family has contributed 
largely towards building up the town." 

90. Boylston : The name has had numerous 
influential male representatives in Boston and 
vicinity since 1653. A member of the female 
line had fourteen children, and one of her sons 
taking the name of Boylston, became a wealthy 
merchant in London, and left descendants of 
this name. 

91. Trail: Two brothers were residents 
about 1750: and others of this name, possibly 
their relatives, were here at the same date 
and probably left descendants. 

92. Mountfort: The family "spring from 
three brothers" — all here about 1660. One had 
two sons. The male portion has been well 
represented to very nearly the present time. 

93. Greenwood : The founder died here in 
1684; had two sons, and one of these had five 
sons. "Several other branches of the family 
resided here." 

94. Charnock: First prominent in 1710, 
there were two sons of the second generation, 
also daughters. One son had three children, 
who died unmarried. 

95. Martyn : One member died here in 1700; 
his cousin left will of 1717, in which is named 
four sons and five daughters. The family has 
been continued here and the name is often en- 

96. Cooper: The first to come here in 1678 
was sent here to learn business. There were 
two sons of the second generation. In the 
male line this name has been prominent, ami 
the members numerous. Another branch of 
this name beginning in 1755, became promi- 
nent in the South ; one of them being adjutant- 
general, I'. S. A., and then resigned to join 
the Confederate side, 1861-65. 

97. Lynde : The first member of this family 

was in Boston, 1650, was married, and had 
three sons. The first and .second sons had 
each a married daughter. The second son had 
a son, and both father and son were chief- 
justices of the province (one from 1728 to 
1746, and the other, who succeeded his father, 
in 1746, from 1771 to 1772). 

98. (iardiner: The first comer was a physi- 
cian and also a merchant; became a refugee, 
and returned after the war ; had three wives, 
and left issue, one son and four daughters. 
The son had distinguished descendants. One 
of the grandsons of the original member, being 
in the female line, took name of Gardiner. 

99. Amory : The first member settled about 
1721 in Boston: had three sons, and the male 
line has been numerous. 

100. \\'aIdo : The first member was of Bps- 
ton in 1697. A second member, ancestor of 
a branch, came about the same time. The male 
line has been well represented. 

Xo one is so foolish as to believe such a 
list as the above is absolute. Mr. W'hitmore. 
its author, never made any such claim ; and 
asserted that other families equally worthy 
were entitled (presumably) to a place in the 
list. However, as arranged, it is suggestive. 
The basis is wealth and official distinction, as 
existing in the colonies. It is also interesting 
to notice the rise and fall of the families 
tlirough the medium of an increased or lessened 
birth-rate, and also the effect upon them of 
the influence of longevity. 

In the second place, as it is natural that the 
best ability should gravitate towards the metro- 
polis, such as Boston then was and is now, 
men of that character and their family repre- 
sentatives would in the nature of the case be 
fewer in their numerical importance as fami- 
lies, regardless of their "natural increase," or 
birth-rate: and so the selected number "one 
hundred" is not absurb. but furnishes an idea 
of the relative size of the "ruling influence" 
in the capital, as well as in the colony at large ; 
and, in comparison, their numbers would not 
be as great as those of their more numerous 
compeers in the country districts, from whom 
were drawn in the course of events recruits 
to swell the urban population and occasionally 
the upper classes. 

In the lists which follow it is impossible to 
confine the numbers to one hundred, for the 
standard set embraces a much larger number 
of the so-called common people; nor will the 
length of the lists admit of the particular speci- 
fication of the former. The lists also do not 
take into account the still much greater num- 


ber of the first settlers who remained here 
permanently, or those who after a short stay 
returned to the mother country, and who were 
never elected to any prominent office in this 
community. In the seaports at that time was 
a floating popidation of considerable propor- 
tions, composed of mariners and others, whose 
stay in one place was short from the nature 
of the circumstances. Armies composed of 
regiments from abroad were occasionally sta- 
tioned in Boston, or on the islands near it, for 
a jK-riod of several months at a time. The 
names of such wanderers, and they are occa- 
sionally found in the local records, are a puzzle 
to the genealogist. 

It should be distinctly understood that the 
great land com])any which settled Massachu- 
setts, first with headquarters located in Eng- 
land, and afterwards in this country, was a 
close corporation, the English government re- 
garding it simply as an instrument for trading 
in certain territory on this side of the ocean, 
which it considered as a part of its realm. 
The idea of the colonists to set up a govern- 
ment of their own, with laws not repugnant 
to those of the mother country, is another 
matter. It can be shown that a large degree 
(if prosperity attended the movement; that by 
1700 communities with many of the blessings 
of agriculture and of the home country were 
firmly established ; that good houses were com- 
mon ; that the people generally were content 
to abide under their own "vine and fig-tree." 
That by i73('), a hundred years after the estab- 
lishment of their first college, according to the 
testimony of an authority of that tlay, the pro- 
vince was distinguished among the British 
colonies for its pleasant homes, its wholesome 
laws, its privileges of education, its learned 
men, its good government, the general knowl- 
edge of the common people, and in which good 
land all were as happy as any on earth. 

In 1770, after the unwise oppression of a 
reasonably prosperous province by the British 
government had begun, the condition of the 
average inhabitant of the country town was 
fairly well described in an election sermon of 
that year, by a village minister living not re- 
mote from the metropolis. In passing the 
reader will observe that the troubles about 
climate are definitely alluded to. This author- 
ity says: "There is in tl'te close of our short 
summer the appearance of plenty in our dwell- 
ings ; but, from the length of our winters, our 
plenty is consumed, and the one-half of our 
necessary labor is spent in dispersing to our 
flocks and herds the ingatherings of the fore- 

going season ; and it is known to every person 
of common observation that few, very few, 
except in the mercantile way, from one genera- 
tion to another, acquire more than a neces- 
sar)' subsistence, and sufficient to discharge 
the expenses of government and the support 
of the gospel, yet content and disposed to lead 
peaceable lives.'' 

-A.pplying the principle of Air. Whitmore's 
plan to the selection of a list of prominent 
families in other counties of Alassachusetts 
than Suffolk, we find that their number can 
be greatly extended the period being still the 
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, or the 
time covered by the colonial and provincial 
periods of New England history. In the esti- 
mation of the people of old New England 
(John Farmer, "Genealogical Register of the 
l-"irst Settlers," 1829 ) the official society of the 
community consisted of the governors, deputy 
governors, assistants (or councillors), the 
ministers of the gospel, representatives of the 
general courts, graduates of Harvard College, 
the members of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company, and the freeman (or 
voters ) of the colony, especialh' those of the 
]:)eriod (when church membership was a quali- 
fication ) from 1630 to 1662, in Massachusetts. 
Mellen Chamberlain, a good legal authority, 
in his "History of Chelsea," in passim, claims 
that the original Massachusetts Bay Company 
was a close corporation, "to which no one was 
admitted unless a member of the church estab- 
lished within its limits ; but when communities 
had gathered remote from the seat of govern- 
ment, there were local duties and rights, not 
specified by general laws, in which it was de- 
sirable that some, not freeman, should share ; 
and in 1647 the general court authorized the 
freemen in towns to choose inhabitants, not 
freemen, to vote in specified aft'airs under cer- 
tain conditions. By the charter of 1692, Mass- 
achusetts became more clearly a local body 
politic with enlarged powers, instead of a 
great land company located in England, and 
in 1693 the General Court determined who 
should be freeholders, and inhabitants with 
their (|ualifications as voters in town meetings ; 
but these matters were practically determined 
by the selectmen, who, sharing the popular 
feeling, seldom used their power of exclusion 
or of challenge in town-meeting of any person, 
voting by a show of hands, especially in poli- 
tical affairs. 

"The nature of the First Charter, and the 
powers granted bv it. have been the subject 
of controversy. The English government re- 


garded it as a corporation in the kingdom for 
trading in the territory described in the instru- 
ment, with the power of making rules for that 
purpose, according to the course of other cor- 
porations in the reahn ; while the colonists 
claimed the power to set up a government 
proper, and make laws not repugnant to those 
of Great firitain."' 

Again, while giving a history of the Eng- 
lish claim, under the subject of "Allotments 
of Land," Judge Chamberlain states; "The 

histor}' of the Charter is interesting 

Probably the King intended to grant only such 
power's as would enable the Company in Eng- 
land to carry on its business in Massachusetts 
with a local government." But for various 
reasons, "in the opinion of some good English 
law3-ers. it could be legally transferred to Mass- 
achusetts .... And this latter seems to have 
been the opinion of Winthrop and his asso- 
ciates, for no sooner were they set down in 
Boston Bay than they acted on that view of 
their powers. This explains many things 
which seem very extraordinary to some in our 

On the other hand. Farmer ("Genealogical 
Register")* representing the opinion current 
among the greater number of the orthodox 
New Englanders when he wrote ( 1829) lays 
greater stress on the ecclesiasticism of the 
situation, and Cjuotes on his title-page two 
authorities, one of the Puritans, and the other 
of a later and more advanced member of the 
clerical profession. 

"Multitudes of pious, peaceable Protestants 
were driven to leave their native country, and 
seek a refuge for their lives and liberties, with 
freedom for the worship of God, in a wilder- 
ness, in the ends of the earth," — Dr. John 

"Our ancestors, though not perfect and in- 

•Note. — The monumental dictionary of .James 
Savage is an enlargement of Farmer's work, and 
on tfie same lines. In his preface Savage says the 
five classes of persons prominent, such as gover- 
nors, deputy-governors, assistants, ministers in all 
the colonies, representatives in that of Massachu- 
setts to 1692. and graduates of Harvard College to 
1662, members of the Ancient and Honorable Artil- 
lery Company, and freemen in Massachusetts alone, 
are features of Farmer's book. Savage agrees on 
1692 as fixing an absolute limit. He states that 
nineteen-twentieths of the people of New England 
colonies in 1775 were descendants of those found 
here in 1692, and probably -seven-eighths of tliem 
were offspring of the settlers before 1642, At the 
time -when Savage wrote (1S60) he considered that 
more than four-fifths of our people still counted 
their progenitors among the ante-revolutionary 

It was Savage's opinion after twenty years' work 
on the subject, that the record of the first three 
generations of the first settlers bordered upon "uni- 
versal genealogy," and thus the difficulties perti- 
nent to the next century of their descendants are 
made evident. 

fallible in all respects, were a religious, brave, 
and virtuous set of men, whose love of liberty, 
civil and religious, brought them from their 
native land into the American desert." — Dr. 
Jonathan Mayhew. 


The following list of prominent families in 
Massachusetts in the seventeenth century is 
based on the rule established by the celebrated 
Jolin Farmer, in 1829: 





















Cur win. 





















1 1. 



Den i son. 



































































































































































































































, Mansfield, 


. Marston. 


. Mawry. 


. Aleade. 


. Metcalf. 


. Aloody. 


. Moulton. 


. Xelson. 


. Newman. 

144. Xicholet. 

145. Norcross. 

146. Norden. 

147. Norris. 

148. Northend. 

149. Norton. 

150. Noyes. 

151. Olney. 

152. Osgood. 

153. Otley. 

154. Page. 

155. Paine. 

156. Palfrey. 
I S7. Palmer. 

158. Paris. 

159. Parker. 

160. Parrott. 

161. Patch. 

162. Payson. 

163. Peabody. 

164. Pearson. 

165. Pease. 

166. Perkins. 

167. Perlev. 

168. Peters. 

169. Phillips. 

170. Pickard. 

171. Picket. 

172. Pierce. 

173. Pike. 

174. Pingry. 

175. Piatt. 

176. Plummer. 

177. Price. 

178. Pritchard. 

179. Putnam. 

180. Rawson. 
i8r. Raymond. 

182. Rayner. 

183. Read. 

184. Redington. 

185. Revell. 

186. Richardson. 

187. Rogers. 

188. Ruck. 

189. Rust. 

190. Saltonstall. 

191. Sargent. 

192. Scruggs. 

193. Shepard. 
104. Sibley. 

195. Skelton. 

196. Smith. 

197. Spencer. 
iq8. Stanley. 
109. Stevens. 
200. Stickney. 




























\\'alker. " 

224. Waller. 

225. Wallis. 

226. Walton. 

227. Ward. 

228. Weare. 

229. Welles. 

230. Wensley. 

231. West. 

232. \\'eston. 

233. Whipple. 

234. Whiting. 

235. Whittingham. 

236. Wickham. 

237. Wigglcsworth. 

238. Willis. 

239. Winthrop. 

240. Wise. 

241. Wood. 

242. Woodbidge. 

243. Woodbury. 

244. Woodman. 

245. Worcester. 

246. Wright. 


1. Allen. 

2. Ames. 

3. Aspinwall. 

4. Bailey. 

5. Barrett. 

6. Beecher. 

7. Beers. 

8. Belcher. 

9. Blakeman. 

10. Blodget. 

11. Blood. 

12. Bond. 

13. Bradshaw. 

14. Brattle. 

15. Bridge. 

16. Brigham. 

17. Bright. 

18. Brimsmead. 

19. Brock. 

20. Brooks. 

21. Brown. 

22. Bulkley. 

23. Bunker. 

24. Butler. 

2^. Cakebread. 

26. Call. 

27. Carrington. 

28. Carter. 

29. Case. 

30. Chadwick. 

31. Champney. 

32. Chandler. 

33. Chaplin. 

34. Chesholme. 

35. Child. 

36. Church. 
2,7. Clark. 

38. Collins. 

39. Converse. 

40. Cook. 

41. Cooledge. 

42. Coytemore. 

43. Crosby. 

44. Crow. 

45. Cutler. 

46. Cutter. 

47. Daggett. 

48. Dan forth. 

49. Davis. 

50. Davison. 

51. Denison. 
^2. Dow. 

53. Drury. 

54. Dunster. 
S=;. Eames. 
\6. Eliot. 

57. Ely. 

58. Estabrook. 

59. Evered. 

60. Eyre. 

61. Fairfield. 

62. Fay. 

63. Feake. 

64. Fiske. 


6s. Fitch. 

66. Flint. 

67. Foote. 

68. Foster. 

69. Fox. 

70. French. 

71. Garfield. 
~2. Gibbons. 
■Ji. Gibbs. 

74. Glover. 

75. Gocldard. 

76. Goffe. 

"~. Goodenow. 
"j^. Goodwin. 

79. Gookin. 

80. Gould. 

81. Graves. 
'^2. Green. 

8^ Greenwood. 

84. Griffin. 

85. Hall. 

86. Hammond. 

87. Harlakenden. 

88. Hart. 

89. Harvard. 

90. Hastings. 

91. Hayman. 

92. Haynes. 

93. Hayward. 

94. Henchman. 

95. Hill. 

96. Hoar. 

97. Hobart. 

98. Hooker. 

99. Hosmer. 
100. Hough. 
:oi. Howard. 

102. Howe. 

103. Isaac. 

104. Jackson. 

105. James. 

106. Jennison. 

107. Johnson. 

108. Jones. 

109. Judd. 
no. Kelsey. 

111. King. 

112. Kingsbury. 

113. Knowles. 

114. Lane. 

115. Larkin. 

116. Latham. 

117. Lewis. 

1 18. Long. 

119. Looker. 

120. Lord. 

121. Loring. 

122. Lynde. 

123. Planning. 

124. Marion. 

125. Marshall. 

126. Mason. 

127. Matthews. 

128. Maverick. 

129. Mayhew. 

130. Meriam. 

131. Minor. 

132. Mitchell. 

133. Mitchelson. 

134. Morrill. 

135. Morse. 

136. Morton. 

137. Mousall. 

138. Mygate. 

139. Nowell. 

140. Noyes. 

141. Oakes. 

142. Oliver. 

143. Page. 

144. Falmer. 

145. Parisli. 

146. Parke. 

147. Pearson. 

148. Pelham. 

149. Pendleton. 

150. Phillips. 

151. Phips. 

152. Pierce. 
133. Piermont. 

154. Poole. 

155. Pratt. 

156. Prentice. 

157. Prescott. 

158. Prout. 

159. Rayner. 

160. Rice. 

161. Richards. 

162. Richardson. 

163. Russell. 

164. Saltonstall. 

165. Saunders. 

166. Sedgwick. 

167. Shapleigh. 

168. Shaw. 

169. Shepard. 

170. Sherman. 

171. Smedley. 

172. Smith. 

173. Sparhawk. 

174. Spaulding. 

175. Spencer. 

176. Sprague. 

177. Spring. 

178. Squire. 















. 203. 




















































































A St wood. 














Dan forth. 
























































































Gay lord. 























































































































































?ilather. ] 



















1 06. 










6 s. 






I TO. 








1 12. 




























































































Barlow. - 


























































































































































































1 1 6. 













































Dan forth. 

-7 ■ 






























I V 

























































































































I. Athearn. 2. Mayhew. 


1. Atherton. 22. Moore. 

2. Bondet. 23. Moxon. 

3. Brewer. 24. Parsons. 

4. Chapin. 25. F^anridge. 

5. Chauncy. 26. Pomeroy. 

6. Clark. 27. Porter. 

7. Colton. 28. Pynchon. 

8. Cook. 29. Rawson. 

9. Frary. 30. Rowlandson. 

10. Glover. 31. Sheldon. 

11. Hawley. 32. Stillman. 

12. Holyoke. 33. Stoddard. 

13. Houghton. 34. Taylor. 

14. Hovey. 35. Welles. 

15. Hunt. 36. West. 

16. James. 37. Whiting. 

17. Manfield. 38. Williams. 

18. Marsh. 39. Wilson. 

19. Marshfield. 40. Woodrop. 

20. Mather. 41. Younglove. 

21. Montague. 


The first three generations of the first set- 
tlers having disappeared the next important 
list existing to give an idea of the names of 
the prominent families in the early part of the 
eighteenth century was a subscription list to 
a book. Even lists of subscribers to literary 
works were then uncommon in this community, 
and this list has discrepancies regarding the 
address of a large number which cannot be 
explained. Leaving out the part relating to 
Suffolk county (which included Boston), the 
much smaller list for the other counties is here 
included. The book referred to is Prince's 

Prince, who was one of the most learned 
men in the Province, speaking of the pros- 
perity of Xew England in 1736, in the dedica- 
tion of his work to the governor, lieutenant- 
governor, the councillors and representatives 
of the ^Massachusetts Bay government — men 
mostlv. if not wholly, descendants of the 
founders of this commonwealth — and speak- 
ing also from the standpoint of an ecclesiast, 
as most clergymen of this period did, says : 
"It is to these (the founders) we firstly owe 
our pleasant houses, our fruitful fields, our 

••■Chronolog-ical History of New England In the 
Form of Annals," by Thomas Prince, M. A. (Bo.^ton. 


growing towns and churches, our wholesome 
laws, our precious privileges, our grammar 
schools an(I colleges, our pious and learned 
ministers and magistrates, our good govern- 
ment and order, the public restraints of vices, 
the general knoweldge of our common people, 
the strict observation of the christian sabbath ; 
with those remains of public modesty, sobriety, 
social virtues and religion ; for which this 
country is distinguished among the British col- 
onies, and in which we are as happy as any on 

The following list of Prince's subscribers 
outside of Suffolk county illustrate the high 
standing in the community of certain families 
in 1736. 









































Hide. ' 





















































































































79. Storer. 

80. Sutton. 

81. Sweetser. 

82. Symmes. 

83. Trumbal. 

84. A'inton. 

85. A\^ard. 

86. Webb. 

87. Wells. 

88. Whitney. 

89. Wigglesworth. 

90. Williams. 

91. Woods. 

92. ^^'ye^. 


1. Allen. 

2. Balch. 

3. Barnard. 

4. Beck. 

5. Berry. 

6. Bixby. 

7. Brown. 

8. Browne. 

9. Burril. 

10. Capen. 

11. Cheever. 

12. Chipman. 

13. Choate. 

14. Coffin. 

15. Gushing. 

16. Dana. 

17. Emerson. 

18. Fiske. 

19. Fitch. 

20. Gerrish. 

21. Hale. 

22. Hazen. 

23. Henchman. 

24. Jenison. 

25. Kimbal. 

26. Little. 

27. Lynde. 

28. IMajory. 

29. March. 


42. White. 

43. Wigglesworth. 



1. Adams. 

2. Ames. 

3. Balch. 

4. Baxter.' 

5. Blake. 

6. Bosson. 

7. Bowles. 

8. Clap. 

9. Dexter. 

10. Dudley. 

11. Dunbar. 

12. Dwight. 

13. Gardner. 

14. Gay. 

15. Heath. 

16. Higgins. 

17. Hobart. 

18. Humphrey. 

19. Kingsbury. 

20. Lincoln. 

21. Loring. 

22. Marshall. 

23. Messenger. 

24. Metcalf. 

25. Morse. 

26. Phillips. 

27. Ouincy. 

28. Smith! 

29. Taylor. 

30. Thayer. 

31. Tilestone. 

32. Tompson. 

33. Torrey. 

34. Townsend. 

35. \'ose. 

36. Walter. 

37. Ware. 

38. \\'hitmarsh. 

39. Whitney. 

40. Wilson. 



3. Beal. 

4. Bourn. 










































































































1 'arkman. 































Cf. "New England Historical and Genealog- 
ical Register," vol. vi., p. 189. etc. 

The tax lists of the several towns contain the 
names of citizens at successive periods. But 
previously to the revolutionary war there is very 
little else upon which to build a complete record. 
The first important census was taken in 1764, 
and this, as preserved, is not a record of names, 
but only a list of figures. The number of houses 
and persons of each sex was kept up in this 
way at occasional intervals until 1800. Thus 
the value of such a list as that of 1736. as above 
presented, may well be appreciated, even though 
it may contain the names of many students and 
clergymen of that period. 

When the United States direct tax of 1798 

was assessed in Massachusetts, a list was pre- 
]3ared which contains a description of real estate 
in the hands of private persons, and the list is 
now valuable for its account of farms and their 
boundaries, and of outlands. and for the de- 
scri])tion which it gives of dwelling houses, 
barns, outbuildings, etc. 

Following is a list of family names most 
numerously represented in the original eight 
towns of Middlesex county, Massachusetts, 
during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. 

Counties were first made in 1643, for ex- 
ample: Essex, Middlesex, Suffolk and Nor- 
folk (old Norfolk) were incorporated in that 


Cii.\RLESTOWX. — Principal authority, Wy- 
man's"Charlestown." The families nwst numer- 
ously represented in this work are Adams (78), 
Austin (42), Brown (83), Cutter (60), Froth- 
ingham (49 ), Green or Greene (78), Hall (46), 
Harris (47), Johnson (81), Newell (45), 
Parker (58), Phillips (46), Pierce (54), Rand 
(75), Reed (43), Richardson (68), Russell 
(51 ), Smith (123), Sprague (45), Tufts (84), 
and Whittemore (56). The numbers in paren- 
theses represent the number of Wyman's family 
groups. He places before the name of Kettell 
one of those peculiar indexes with which he 
introduces a family of large numbers, but there 
are several families equally as large as that one 
covered by the matter in his book. 

C.\M BRIDGE. — Authority : Paige's "History of 
Cambridge." The families most numerously 
represented in this work are Bordman (15), 
Bowman (11), Bradish (11), Champney (20), 
Cook (20), Cooper (11 ), Cutler ( 11 ), Cutter 
(52), L)ana (32), Dickson (15), Fessenden 
(15), Fillebrown (16), Frost (35), Goddard 
(II), Gookin (15), Green (17). Hall (15), 
Hancock (12). Hastings (29), Hill (29), 
Holden ( 16). Hovey (14), Kidder ( 14), Man- 
ning (16), Mason (21 ), Moore (13). Munroe 
(16). Oliver (11), Parker (11), Prentice ( 48 ) , 
Reed ( 14). Robbins (25 ). Russell (41 ). Smith 
(16), Sparhawk (16), Stone (18), Swan (14), 
Watson (17), Wellington (15), Whitmore 
di), Whittemore (36), Winship (36), and 
Wyeth (26). For the Arlington part of Cam- 
bridge. Authorities : Cutter's "History of 
Arlington," and the printed vital records. Adams 
(23), Butterfield (14), Cook and Cooke (13), 
Cutter (77). Dickson (14), Fillebrown (14), 
Frost (40). Hall (13). Hill (22), Locke (38), 
Peirce (12), Prentice (16), Robbins (13), 
Russell (38). Swan (27). Wellington (12), 
Whittemore (24), and Winship (30). For 


the Newton part of Cambridge. Authorities: 
Jackson's "History of Newton," and the printed 
vital records. Bartlett (24), Cooke (22), Clark 
(23), Fuller (71), Greenwood (21), Hall (22), 
Hammond (38), Hyde (81), Jackson (93), 
Murdock (22), Park {28), Parker (51 ), Pren- 
tice (23), Richards (21), Stone (28, Trow- 
bridge (29), Ward (40), Williams (21), Wis- 
wall (24), \\'oodward (22). The numbers in 
parentheses represent the number of family 

A\ ATERTOWX. — ]\Iany families of Watertown 
which fill much space in Bond's work are ex- 
tended greatly into the limits of other towns ; 
but after careful consideration the following 
list is submitted for what it is" worth. Author- 
ity: Bond's "History of Watertown." Allen, 
Bemis, Bigelow, Bond, Bowman, Bright, Brooks, 
Brown, Coolidge, Fiske, Flagg, Fuller, God- 
dard, Hammond, Plarrington, Hastings, Jenni- 
son, Jones, Lawrence, Livermore, Mason, 
Pierce, Phillips, Saltonstall, Sanderson, Smith, 
Spring, Stearns, Stone, Stratton, Warren, Well- 
ington, White, Whitney, and \\'oodward. 

Sudbury. — Authority: The printed vital rec- 
onds. The famil_v names most numerously 
represented in this town are those of Brown, 
Goodenow, Haynes, Hunt, Maynard, Moore, 
Parmenter, Rice, Smith and W'illis. 

Concord. — The names of families most 
numerously represented in Concord, according 
to the vital records and Shattuck's "History of 
Concord," are Adams (11), Ball (11), Barrett 
(25), Blood (15), Brooks (33), Brown (39), 
Buttrick (14), Dakin (10), Davis (2i),Farrar 
(14), Fletcher (11), Hoar (io),Hosmer (24), 
Hubbard (12), Hunt (13), Melvin (16), Mer- 
iam (14), Miles (12), Taylor (12), Wheeler 
(51), Wood (15). The figures in parentheses 
represent the number of heads of families. 

\\'oBURN. — Authority : Johnson's printed vital 
record. The following statement is based upon 
the birth rate in that work. The family names 
most numerously represented are Brooks, Car- 
ter, Converse, Fowle, Johnson, Kendall, Pierce, 
Reed, Richardson, Simonds, Thompson, and 
^^'yman. The three most numerous families 
are those of Johnson, Richardson, and Wyman, 
and the name of Richardson is represented in 
the birth list (to 1873) by nearly 900 entries. 

]\Iedford. — The printed vital records to 1850 
give as the most numerously represented names, 
those of Brooks, Hall and Tufts. The genea- 
logical records in Brooks's "History of ]\Ied- 
ford" add to these those of Blanchard, Francis, 
Reeves, Wade, Whitmore and Willis. 

Reading. — The vital records of this munici- 

pality are not printed. From Eaton's "History 
of Reading" a very general estimate is made, 
which includes among the most numerous 
family names those of Bancroft, Boutwell, 
Browne, Bryant, Cowdry. Damon, Eaton, Em- 
erson. Evans. Fitch, Flint, Green, Hartshorne, 
Nichols, Parker, Poole, Pratt, Smith, Stimpson, 
Swain, Temple. \\^akefield, Walton, Weston 
and \Mley. 


The original eight towns of Essex county in 
1643 were Salem, Lynn, Wenham, Ipswich. 
Rowley, Newbury, Gloucester and Andover, 

Salem. — Salem, like its companion seaport, 
Boston, is an interesting place to genealogists. 
But it is doubtful if in spite of earnest en- 
deavors in that direction, on the part of a num- 
ber that the work is nearer accomplishment gen- 
erally than that of Boston, as described by 
^^'hitmore in the first part of this article. In 
a place so genealogically important as Salem, 
the vital records have been collected from vari- 
ous sources, and in relation to the entire subject 
are doubtless only fragmentary. The eighteenth 
century baptisms in Salem, as published by 
Emmerton, show for the most numerously 
represented families in that century the names 
of Andrew and Andrews, Archer, Ashby, Ash- 
ton, Babbidge, Barr, Bickford, Bowditch, Bray, 
Brookhouse, Brown and Browne, Bullock, Bur- 
rill, Chapman, Cheever, Clark, Clough, Clout- 
man. Collins, Cook, Cox, D.ampney, Daniel or 
Daniels, Derby, Dodge, Driver, Emmerton, Felt, 
Fisher, Forrester, Foster, Fowler, Frye, Gale, 
Gardner, Gavitt,Gerrish, Giles, Glover, Goodale, 
Goodhue, Gould, Grafton, Grant, Gray, Hall, 
Hathorne, Flenderson, Hill, Hodges, Holman, 
Horton, Howard, Hunt, Ingalls, Ingersoll, Jef- 
frey. Josephs, King, Lamb, Lambert, Lander, 
Lane, Loring, Lawrence, Leach, Lee, Lefavor, 
Liscomb and Luscomb. Mackintire, jNIanning, 
Mansfield, !Marston, !\Iason, ^Nlassey, Masury, 
Mayberry, Millett, Morgan, Morong, Moses, 
]\Iotey, Neal. Needham, Nichols, Oliver, Orne, 
Osgood, Palfrey, Palmer, Parker, Patterson, 
Peale, Pease, Peirce and Pierce, Phelps, Phippen, 
Pickering, Pickman, Pitman, Prince, Proctor, 
Punchard, Putnam, Richardson, Ropes, Rowell, 
Rust, Sage, Sanders and Saunders, Saunder- 
son. Savage, Silsbee, Skerry, Smith, Smithers, 
Southard, Stone, Swasey, Simonds and Sy- 
monds, Teague, Townsend, Trask, Tucker, 
^'alpy, \'ery. Ward, \\'aters, \\'ebb, Wellman, 
West, White, Williams, Woodbridge, Wood- 
bury and Yell, and many others who are possi- 
bly entitled to a place in the list. In the pub- 


lished records of the parish list of deaths, kept 
b)- William Bentley, pastor of the East Church, 
Salem, covering the period between 1785 and 
1819, the following family names are most 
numerous : Allen, Archer, Babbidge, Becket, 
Brown and Browne, Cheever, Collins, and 
Crowninshield, Dean, Derby, Fairfield, Hodges, 
King, Lambert, Lane, Manning, Masury, Millet, 
Murray, Palfrey, Patterson, Peele, Perkins, 
Phippen, Richardson, Ropes, Silsbee, Smith, 
Swasey,Townsend, Ward, Waters, Webb, Well- 
man, White, Whittemore and Williams. In- 
dividuals having large families are very inter- 
esting genealogically, and important sociologi- 
calh' and physiologically ; and next in interest 
to these facts are those of longevity ; closely 
akin to which subject is that of fatalities, in 
which accidents, war and pestilence or epidem- 
ical disease, bear an important part, events 
which are more likely to afifect a seaport like 
Salem, with a large floating element in its popu- 
lation, than the more inland country districts. 

Lvxx. — Authority : The printed vital records. 
The most numerous families to 1850 are those 
bearing the names of Alley, Bachellor, Breed, 
Brown, Burrill, Chase, Collins, Fuller, Hawkes, 
Ingalls, Johnson, Lewis, Mansfield, Mudge, 
Newhall, Oliver, Parrott, Phillips, Ramsdell, 
Rhodes, Smith and Tarbox. Of these Breed 
and Xewhall are by far the most numerous. 

Wexham. — Authority : The printed vital rec- 
ords. The most numerous families to 1850 are 
those bearing the names of Bacheller, Dodge, 
Fairfield, Fiske, Kimball, Perkins and Porter. 
Of these Dodge and Kimball are the most 

Ipswich. — Authority : Felt, "History of Ips- 
wich." Andrews, Appleton, Baker, Brown, 
Burnham, Choate, Cogswell, Dodge, Emerson, 
Farley, Foster, Giddings, Goodhue, How, Hub- 
bard, Killam, Kimball, Knowlton, Lord, Low, 
Manning, Norton, Perkins, Potter, Rogers, Rust, 
Smith, Staniford, Story, Symonds, Tread well, 
Wade, AVainwright, Ward, Warner, Whipple, 
Whittingham, Wigglesworth, Wise. A late 
authority on the subject of the most numerously 
represented names, of which the above are a 
number in this ancient town is Waters's ''His- 
tory of Ipswich." 

Rowley. — Authority : Blodgette, "Early Set- 
tlers of Rowley," in this work the family names 
most numerously represented are Bailey, Boyn- 
ton, Burpee, Clarke, Dickinson. Dresser, Ells- 
worth, Harriman, Harris, Hidden, Hobson, 
Hopkinson, Jackson, Jewett (numerously so), 
Johnson, Kilbourne, Mighill, Nelson, Palmer, 

Pearson, Pickard, Platts, Scott, Tenney, Todd 
and Wood. 

Newbury. — Newbury, better known from 
the city part as Newburyport, is a very old 
settlement, and the list of the most numerous 
family names, as interpreted from Coffin's 
"Newbury," from 1635 to 1700, contains those 
of Ayer, Badger, Bailey, Bartlett, Brown, Chase, 
Cheney, Clark, Coffin, Davis, Dole, Dummer, 
Emery, Goodridge, Greenleaf, Hale, Ilsley, 
Kelley. Knight, Kent, Lowell, Lunt, March, 
Merrill, Moody, Morse, Noyes, Ordway, Fet- 
tingell. Pike, Pillsbury, Poore. Plummer, Rolfe, 
Somerby, Swett, Titcomb, Toppan, Wheeler 
and Woodman. Whether these names were con- 
tinued in the same proportion in the eighteenth 
century is a matter of doubt, in the absence of 
printed vital records. Poore's "Merrimac Val- 
ley Researches" may furnish sufficient names 
to form a partial substitute. 

Gloucester. — Authority : Babson's "History 
of Gloucester." Numerous family names in 
Gloucester have been those of Andrews, Bab- 
son, Bennett, Bray, Brown, Chandler, Collins, 
Davis, Day, Ellery, Elwell, Eveleth, Gard- 
ner, Giddings, Harraden, Haskell, Ingersoll, 
Lane, Low, Lufkin, Millet, Norwood, Parsons, 
Pool, Riggs, Robinson, Sargent, Sawyer, Smith, 
Somes, Stanwood, Stevens, Tarr, \\'hite, \\'it- 
ham, Woodbury, York. 

Andover. — This historic old town, originally 
embracing the present towns of Andover and 
North Andover, and the south portion of the 
city of Lawrence, was first settled in the north- 
erly part, now North Andover, where the first 
meeting-house of the town was built near the 
old burying ground there ; and here the larger 
number of the inhabitants dwelt for several 
years after the first settlement of the town as a 
whole. By 1707, however, it was found that 
the bulk of the population had changed to the 
southerly part, and so a new meeting-house, 
then needed, was planned to be built in that 
part. The agitation resulted in two parishes 
being formed, one being the North and the 
other the South Precinct of the town, and two 
meeting places for the religious societies of 
that day were built. Thus the town of Cochi- 
chewick, its name when it became a part of the 
county of Essex in 1643, became eventually to 
be known as Andover, the southerly part espe- 
ciaUy being noted as an intellectual centre the 
world over. In- this parish there were between 
the years 1711 and i8og the number of 3592 
baptisms, or eighty-ninetieths infant baptisms. 
From the '''Historical Manual of the South 


Cluirch in Andover," published in 1859, which 
appears to be the principal authority on the 
subject of the size of families in general, are 
taken the following names, which appear to be 
those most numerously represented in the town 
itself: Abbot, Blanchard, Chandler, Dane, Fos- 
ter, Holt, Johnson, Lovejoy, Osgood, Phelps, 
Russell, Stevens and Wardwell. In 1859 the 
name of Abbot preponderates. The publica- 
tion of the vital records of Andover was begun 
in the newspapers several years ago. 


The original eight towns of Suffolk county 
in 1643 were Boston, Roxbury, Dorchester, 
Dedham, Braintree, Weymouth, Hingham, Hull. 
Omitting Boston, Roxbury and Dorchester, all 
now parts of the one city of Boston, we have 
left Dedham, Braintree, \\'eymouth, now parts 
of the new county of Norfolk, and Hingham 
and Hull, now parts of the present county of 

PRESENT PLYMOUTH COUNTY. — The family names most numer- 
ously represented in Hingham, according to the 
printed history of that town, are first those of 
Cushing (123 family groups), Hersey (iiij, 
and Lincoln ( 178) : followed closely in number 
by Beal (89), Gardner (84), Sprague (74), 
S'todder (92). and Whiton (80). Next to these 
in number by Barnes (35). Bates (47), Burr 
{^S)- Dunbar (36), Fearing (45), French 
(25), Gill (22), Hobart (53), Humphrey (31), 
Jacob (28), Jones (30), Lane (43). Leavitt 
(39), Lewis (26), Loring (46), Marsh (26), 
Nichols (22), Ripley (25), Souther (21), Sto- 
well (28). Thaxtei- (30), Tower (55), and 
Wilder (63). 

Hi'LL. — In 1740 the Loring family was prom- 
inent in Hull, which territorily and numerically 
has been one of the smallest towns in the State. 


Dedham. — Authority: Vital records of the 
town of Dedham, as printed under the super- 
vision of Don Gleason Hill, town clerk. The 
most numerously represented names on these 
records are Allen ( .\llin. Alleyne), Bacon, 
Baker, Battle, Bullard.Chickering.Clapp. Clark, 
Colburn, Dean, Draper. Eaton, Ellis, Ever- 
ett, Fairbanks, Fales (and \'ales). Farrington, 
l-'isher. Fuller, Gay, Guild, Hawes, Herring, 
I Iiilmes, Kingsbury, Lewis, Mason, Metcalf, 
Morse, Newell, Onion, Pond, Rhoads, Rich- 
ards. Smith (and Smyth), Suinner. Weather- 
bee, White. Whiting and W'ight. 

Br.mntree. — Tl-ie vital records of this town 
have been published through the efforts of a 
citizen. Authority : "Records of the Town of 
Braintree, 1640 to 1793," edited by Samuel A. 
Bates. The families most numerously repre- 
sented in the inde.x to the vital records of births 
as printed in this work are Adams, Allen, Bass, 
Belcher, Copeland, Faxon, French, Hayden, 
Hayward, Niles, Spear, Thayer, Veazie, Wales 
and Webb. 

Weymouth. — .\uthority : Nash, "Historical 
Sketch of the Town of Weymouth." The in- 
crease in population in the town of Weymouth 
was small for its first century — about 1000 
being the estimate for 1643. About 1675 an 
official estimate sets the number of houses in 
round numbers at 250 ; which allowing five per- 
sons to a house would give a population of 
1250. In 1750 the estimate was 1200. A 
census of 1765 showed 1258; 1776, indicated 
1471 : and in 1790 a declension to 1469. In 
1800 it had gained, the total being 1803. The 
more numerously represented names in Mr. 
Xashs's lists are Bates, Bayley, Beals, Bicknell, 
Blanchard. Burrell, Cushing, French, Holbrook, 
Humphrey, Hunt, Loud, Lovell, Nash, Porter, 
Pratt, Reed, Richards, Shaw, Smith, Thacher, 
Thayer, Thomas, Tirrell, Torrey, Tufts, Vin- 
ing, White, Whitmarsh. 


In 1643 the county called Norfolk embraced 
six towns, four of which afterwards became a 
part of New Hampshire, and two remained a 
part of present Essex county. These two were 
.Salisbury and Haverhill. 

S.-\LisBL"Rv. — Authority: Hoyt, "Old Fami- 
lies of Salisbury and Amesbury." The names 
noticed to the greatest extent in this book may 
show with accuracy those families mostnumer- 
ouslyrepresented, certainly before 1700. Among 
these are the names of Allen, Ayer or Ayers, 
Bailey or Bayley, Barnard, Bartlett, Blaisdell, 
Bradbury, Brown, Buswell, Carr, Chase, Clem- 
ent, Colb_y, Currier, Davis, Dow, Eastman, 
Eaton. Fowler, French, Greenleaf, Hoyt, Kelly, 
Kimball. Merrill, Morrill, Morse, Osgood, Page, 
I'ike. Rolfe, Rowell, Stevens, True, Webster, 
Weed and \\'ells. 

H.WERHiLL. — In this city the names of Ayer, 
Chase, Emerson, Johnson, Marsh, Page, Sar- 
gent or Sargeant, Webster and Whittier appear 
to be among those most numerously represent- 
ed. Badger, Bartlett, Bradley, Brickett, Brown. 
Chase. Cogswell, Corliss, Duncan, Emerson, 
How. Johnson. Marsh, Saltonstall and White 
are among the more prominent names. 



Of the civil officers in the provincial period 
the justices of the peace were elected more 
generally perhaps than any other from the mass 
of the common people. As a class they repre- 
sent the more active and intelligent members 
of the conntry districts. There were very few 
regular lawyers then, and their places were 
taken in cases of necessity by average citizens. 
Between 1692 and 1774, therefore, the honor 
attached to this office was far greater than that 
attached to it now. In the single instance cited 
the county of Essex is selected, and the names 
are taken from W'hitmore's "Civil List.'' As 
presented, the year preceding the surname 
shows the first time that name was mentioned. 

Period from 1692 to 1774. 

1692 : Brown ; Woodbridge ; Appleton ; Epps 
or Epes : Pierce ; Higginson ; Bradstreet ; Wade ; 
W'ainwright. 1700 : Xoyes ; Legg ; Norden. 
1701: Burrill. 1702: Saltonstall ; Pike; Hirst; 
liale; Wolcott. i704:Sewall. 1706: Newman. 
i707:Jewett. i7i4:Dummer. 1715 : Hathorne ; 
Corwin ; Turner ;\\'hite ; Brattle ;Cawley. 1717 : 
Rogers. 1719 : Bradbury ; Kent ; Stevens ; Gale. 
1720: Lindall ; Sargeant. 1722: Currier; Ged- 
ney. 1723: iierry. 1726: Price : Oulton. 1727: 
\\'hi])l)le : ISagley. 1728: JNIinot ; Orne ; Ger- 
rish; Rolfe. 1729: Lynde ; Atkins. 1733: 
Barton ; Bayley ; Plaisted ; Lambert ; Howard ; 
Blanej'; Fairfax: Barnard; March; Cogswell; 
Baker. 1734: Choate ; Lee; Osgood; Wise; 
Kimball. 1736: Burleigh ; Allen ; Wood. 1737: 
Kitchen ; Hobson ; Marston ; Greenleaf. 1738 : 
Moody; Skinner. 1739: Frost. 1741 : Rowell. 
1744: Mansfield. 1745 : Swett ; Gushing. 1746: 
Pickman ; Collins. i747:Tasker. 1748: Hooper; 
Fowle. 1749: Moseley ; Bowditch ; Peaslee ; 
Norton. 1752 : Gibbs ; Farnham ; Phillips. 1753 : 
Pool. 1755 : Jones ; Stevens ; Davis ; Saunders ; 
Leach. 1756: Lechmere ; Curwin ; Nutting; 
Bourn : Dalton ; Morrill or Merrill ; McHard. 
1758: Gardner. 1759 : Newhall. 1761; Ropes; 
Oliver ; Whitham ; Prescott ; Coffin ; Potter ; 
Gage ; Alulliken ; Henchman ; Holyoke ; Chi]3- 
man; Pynchon; Athearn ; Fairfield. 1762: 
Bowers ; Gilbert ; Bowen ; Vans. 1763 : Plum- 
mer ; Cockle. 1764 : Geary. 1765 : Frye ; Emery ; 
Putnam. 1766: Gallison. 1768: Dowse ; Story ; 
Cabot. 1769: Cotnam; Lowell. 1770: Roby. 
1771 : Derby; Calef. 1772: Harris; Carter; 
Sawyer ; Jewett ; Barker ; Cheever. 

A few of the above named were judges: 
Samuel Appleton, one of the earliest appointed. 

was born in England and resided in Ipswich, 
and held office till his death in 1696. He was 
a military man of considerable note, and com- 
manded one of the companies engaged in 1675 
in the desperate Narragansett fight. Bartho- 
lomew Gedney, of Salem, was a physician, born 
in 1640 and died in 1699. Jolm Hathorne, of 
Salem, was born in 1641 ; he continued in office 
until his resignation in 1712, and died in 1717. 
He was appointed to the superior court. Jona- 
than Corwin, or Curwin, of Salem, was born 
in 1640, and died in office, 1718. He was 
appointed to the superior court 1715. William 
Urowne died while in office 1 7 16. He was suc- 
ceeded by his son Samuel Brown, who con- 
tinued until his death in 1 731. Daniel Peirce, 
or Pierce, appointed in 1698, held his position 
until his death, 1704. A man of greater note 
than most of the preceding was Nathaniel Sal- 
tonstall, of Haverhill, who was graduated at 
Harvard 1659. He resigned from the position 
of judge in 1692, because of his distaste for 
the witchcraft trials. "He was not bred to the 
law, but he was a man of strong mind and 
sound sense" — not influenced by bigotry and 
fanaticism. He died in 1707, aged about 68. 
He was appointed judge of the inferior court 
of common pleas for Essex in 1702, and held 
the office till his death about five years after- 
ward. ( For a full notice of bis life, see Sibley, 
I larv. Card., vol. ii.). 

John Appleton, appointed 1704, was also 
judge of probate after 1732, which office he 
held until his death in 1739. He was a nephew 
of Samuel Appleton. Thomas No\'es, appoint- 
ed 1707, died, when very old, in 1730. John 
Higginson, appointed 1708, was a merchant. 
He held office until his death in 1720. John 
Burrill, of Lynn, for ten years speaker of the 
house of representatives,was appointed in 1720, 
Init died in 1721. Josiah Wolcott, appointed in 
1722, was a Salem merchant, and died in office, 
1729. Timothy Lindall, appointed in 1729, was 
a graduate of Harvard College in 1695, and at 
one time speaker of the house of representa- 
tives (T720). He held his seat as judge until 
1754. and died in 1760. John Wainwright, 
appointed 1729, graduate at Harvard 1709, 
was a merchant of Ipswich, and died in office, 
1739. Theophilus Burrill (a nephew of John 
Burrill) was appointed in 1733, and died in 
office 1737. Thomas Berry, appointed 1733, 
was a graduate of Harvard 1712. and died in 
office 1756. He was a native of Boston, and a 
phvsician of Ipswich. He was also judge of 
probate for Essex county, 1739-1756- Ben- 
jamin Marston, appointed 1739, was a graduate 


of Harvard 1715, and also sheriff; he was a 
resident of Salem and afterwards of Man- 
chester. He died while holding the office of a 
judge, in 1754, aged 57. 

Benjamin Lynde, Jr., appointed 1739, was a 
graduate of Harvard in 1718; son of Judge 
Benjamin Lynde. He was not a lawyer when 
appointed. He was appointed to the bench of 
the superior court. He resigned in 1772 and 
became judge of probate, which office he held 
when he died in 1781. His father was a grad- 
uate of Harvard in 1686, and studied law in 
London, and was the first regularly educated 
lawyer appointed to the bench in Alassachu- 
setts; the father died in 1745, aged 78. He 
married his wife in Salem, where he had re- 
moved from Boston. He was a barrister or 
advocate and judge of the superior court 1712, 
and chief-justice from 1728 till his death. (Sib- 
ley, Harv. Grad. iii. 356). 

John Choate, appointed 1746, was of Ips- 
wich, became chief-justice, and died while in 
office, 1766. Henry Gibbs, appointed 1754, died 
in office, 1759. He was a graduate of Harvard 
in 1726, and a Salem merchant. John Tasker, 
appointed 1754, was of Marblehead : and died 
in office in 1761. Benjamin Pickman, appoint- 
ed 1756, held office till 1761. He was a Salem 
merchant, and died in 1774. Caleb Gushing, 
appointed 1759, became chief-justice after the 
Revolution. He was of Salisbury. Stephen 
Higginson, appointed 1 76 1, died 1 76 1, aged 
45. Nathaniel Ropes, appointed 1761, was a 
graduate of Harvard in 1745, and judge of 
probate; died 1774. Andrew Oliver, appoint- 
ed 1761, graduated at Harvard 1749. He held 
office until the Revolution and died in 1799. 
\\'illiam Bourn, of Alarblehead, appointed 1766, 
was a graduate of Harvard 1743, and died 
1770, aged 47. William Browne, appointed 
1770; died in England, 1802. He was a grad- 
uate of Harvard, 1755. He was a Loyalist and 
was made governor of Bermuda, 1781. Peter 
Frye, of Andover, appointed 1772, graduate of 
Harvard, 1744, held office till 1775, and died in 
England, 1820. 

Essex county also claims among the judges 
of the Superior Court of Judicature, from 1602 
to 1774. the following: Samuel Sewall, John 
Hathorne, Jonathan Corwin, Benjamin Lynde 
(ist). Benjamin Lynde (2d), Nathaniel Ropes 
and William Browne. Stephen Sewall, of 
Salem, graduate at Harvard, 1721 ; was ap- 
pointed in 1739, was chief justice, and died 
1760. Samuel White, of Haverhill, graduated 
at Harvard. 1731. was a special justice, 1758, 
relative to will of Governor Bellingham. Rich- 

ard Saltonstall, of Haverhill, graduated at Har- 
vard. 1722, was appointed judge in 1736, and 
held his seat until his death in 1756. Before 
the Revolutionary War very few of the incum- 
bents of this ©ffice were educated in the law, 
and to that time only four judges in the higher 
court were lawyers. These were Benjamin 
Lynde, the first of the two Lyndes, Paul Dud- 
ley, Edmund Trowbridge and William Gush- 
ing. Few regular practitioners found their way 
here from across the sea. There was a preju- 
dice against lawyers at that time among the 
New England people. The laws of the colony 
and province were based on the model made 
abroad by skilful English lawyers, and of them- 
selves were well enough ; but in unskilled hands 
here were often improperly administrated. 

Among later judges of the higher court were 
Samuel Sewall, of Marblehead, a graduate of 
Harvard, i776,member of congress, 1797-1800; 
later a chief-justice, 1813, who died in the 
following year at Wiscasset, Maine, 1814; 
Theophilus Bradbury, of Newbury, a graduate 
of Harvard, 1757, member of congress, died 
1803, whose fame belongs mostly to the Dis- 
trict of Maine. 

There were five barristers or advocates in 
the province in 1768, viz.: Daniel Farnham, 
graduate at Harvard College in 1739, studied 
law with Edmund Trowbridge, began practice 
in Newburyport, became eminent ; held military 
office, was a loyalist, and died in 1776. William 
Pynchon, of Salem, graduated Harvard Col- 
lege in 1743, was a native of Springfield, be- 
came a lawyer and a judge, and died 1789. 
John Chipman, graduated at Harvard in 1738, 
and died in 1768. Nathaniel Psaslee Sargeant 
graduated at Harvard in 1750, practiced law in 
Haverhill. Li 1776 was appointed judge, and 
in 1789 chief justice, holding the place until his 
death, 1791. John Lowell graduated at Har- 
vard, 1760, was afterwards of Boston, member 
of congress, judge of Court of Admiralty, etc., 
died 1S02. 

Another distinguished lawyer of this period 
was Tristram Dalton, who graduated at Har- 
vard, 1755, studied law in Salem, was repre- 
sentative from Newburyport, speaker of the 
house and member of the state senate ; United 
States senator, 1789-91, the first congress after 
the adoption of the constitution. He died in 
Boston. 1817. 


In a county composed of many great men 
there is probably no man among them all of 
greater intellectual reptitation than the great 


lawyer, Riifus Choate. He was born on Hog 
Island, in the town of Essex, October i, 1799, 
and died at Halifax, Xova Scotia, July 13, 
1859. He began his studies with several clergy- 
men in succession, and was afterwards at 
Hampton Academy and at Dartmouth College, 
where he was graduated in 1819. He then 
studied law in the office of William \\'irt, at 
Washington, and at the Dane Law School at 
Cambridge, and was admitted to the Essex bar 
at Salem in 1823. He began practice in Dan- 
vers, where he remained and in Salem, until 
1834. He was state representative in 1825, 
state senator in 1827, and member of congress 
from 1832 to 1834, in which year he removed 
to Boston. In 184 1 he succeeded Daniel Web- 
ster in the United States Senate. In 1853 he 
succeeded John H. Clifford as attorney-general 
of Massachusetts. In 1858, in consequence of 
ill health, he gave up professional labor, and in 
1859 sailed for Europe. At that time the 
steamer on which he sailed touched at Halifax. 
On reaching that port he was too feeble to pro- 
ceed, and landing there, his death occurred in 
that city. 

After the death of Mr. Webster in 1852 he 
was universally regarded as the head of the 
bar in Massachusetts. As in legislative fields 
he seemed out of his element, so, in the domin- 
ion of the law, he was supreme. An orator of 
the first class, his greatest forensic efforts were 
before juries, and nothing ever exceeded in 
interest the exhibitions of logic and eloquence 
which he exhibited before a jury. Boys would 
play truant from school to go hear him. The 
traditions of his power to sway a jury were 
permanent in the memory of many who had 
heard him. He was a man of large frame, 
broad shoulders, and upright figure, surround- 
ed by a head and face which it is as impossible 
to describe, as one has said, as "the flash of the 
lightning in the cloud or the aurora in the sky." 
He was in his procedure all activity, alert- 
ness, swiftness and grace. He was much be- 
loved by his fellow members of the bar. He 
had an office and residence in Salem from 1828 
to 1834. He could trace his ancestry to one 
John Choate, an immigrant from England, who 
settled in a part of Ipswich, afterwards a sepa- 
rate town bv the name of Essex, and whose 
son Thomas settled on Hog Island, a part of 
Essex, whose son, known as Colonel John, born 
ill 1^97, died in 1766. This Colonel John was 
at 1 >ne time elected speaker of the general court, 
and his brother Francis, born in 1701, and died 
in 1777, was the father of W^illiam, the father 
I of David Choate, born upon Hog Island, who 

was the father of Rufus. David Choate had 
no children by a first wife, but by a second 
wife, Miriam, daughter of Captain Aaron Fos- 
ter, he had two daughters and four sons, one 
of whom was Rufus. One of the brothers of 
Rufus Choate was Washington Choate, born 
1803, died 1822, while a member of the junior 
class in Dartmouth College. Rufus spent his 
boyhood by the sea, and his most brilliant and 
beautiful lecture, "The Romance of the Sea" — 
in which he had incorporated much that he had 
seen and thought of about the ocean, its won- 
ders and its mysteries — was lost or stolen after 
its delivery in New York, and never reappeared. 
His father died when Rufus was only eight 
years old, and his mother died in 1853, at the 
age of eighty-one. His early surroundings 
were pleasant and wholesome, and many pass- 
ages in his orations were descriptive of the 
scenery of Ipswich and its vicinity, with which 
his youth was familiar. He early disclosed an 
absorbing devotion to reading, and the mature 
character of what he read in the few solid 
books then at his command, would now be con- 
sidered remarkable. Before he was ten, he had 
pretty nearly exhausted the heavy histories of 
the village library. 

^^'hen in college, afterwards, he would read 
a chapter of the Bible just before retiring, and 
on waking in the morning could repeat it cor- 
rectly. At the age of ten he commenced the 
study of Latin, and he graduated from college 
when not quite twenty. Before him, after that 
"stretched away forty years of intense study, 
struggle, forensic agony and triumph.'' 

It is not our intention here to present more 
than the salient features of Mr. Choate's life, 
with the object of calling his eminence to the 
attention of the present generation. He was 
married. March 29, 1825, to Helen Olcott, by 
whom he had seven children. She was the 
daughter of Mills Olcott, Esq.. a lawyer of 
Hanover, New Hampshire. Her death occurred 
December 8, 1864. 

One of his biographers says: "He threw 
himself with as much enthusiasm into a trial 
before a country justice in a shoemaker's shop 
as if it were before the Supreme Court. Lie 
magnified every litigation, and each litigant, 
magistrate and juryman. He never hesitated 
to pour out all his wealth of imagery, the pro-- 
fusion of his classical allusions, and all the_ ex- 
uberance of his rhetoric upon trival occasions 
and before an illiterate audience. . . . Cer- 
tain it is that, as the years went on. the appear- 
ance of Choate in any cause, under any circum- 
stances, was the signal for thronged court 


rooms by audiences lifted high and still higher 
upon the lofty and ever renewed flights of 
wmged eloquence. . . . It is not necessary 
to go farther with details. Such as Air. Choate's 
life had been, it continued till, as was inevitable, 
his health broke down finally in the early sum- 
mer of 1859. Determining to pass the season 
in England, he sailed from Boston, June 29, 
1859; but, becoming worse, he left the ship at 
Halifax, where he died July 13, not yet sixty 
years old, worn out." 

Al'thorities : Eor authorities on the life 
and career of Rufus Choate consult "The Life 
of Rufus Choate," by fVofessor Samuel Gil- 
man Drown. Edward G. Parker published a 
volume of "Reminiscences." Edwin P. Whipple 
wrote much and discriminately of Choate. James 
T. Fields and others have done likewise in 
either essays or lectures. A comprehensive 
sketch of his life, by the Hon. John B. D. Cogs- 
well, was published in the "Memorial Bio- 
graphies" of the New England Historic Gene- 
alogical Society, vol. iii, pp. 383-436. 

Ancestry. — John Choate (ij, baptized at 
Groton, Bedford, Colchester, England, June 6, 
1624, died at Chebacco, Ipswich, ?^Iassachu- 
setts, December 4, 1695, son of Robert and 
Sarah Choate. His wife Anne died at Che- 
bacco, February 16, 1727. Children: i. John, 
born June 15, 1661, died July 17, 1733. married 
first, July 7, 1684, Elizabeth Graves: married 
second. May 19, 1690, Mrs. Elizabeth Giddings ; 
married third, July 27, 1723, Airs. Sarah Per- 
kins, who died November 19, 1728; and mar- 
rieil fourth, Mrs. Prudence Alarshall, who died 
June 9, 1732. 2. Margaret, died February 28, 
}6i)2. married Abraham Fitts. 3. Samuel, died 
about 17 1 3, married Mary Williams, of Rox- 
bur^-, Massachusetts : she married second, 17 16, 
Samuel Story, of Ipswich. 4. Mary, born Au- 
gust 16, 1666: died prior to 1691. 5. Thomas, 
see forward. 6. Sarah, married, April 13, 1693, 
John Burnham, of Ipswich. 7. Joseph, married 
Rebecca. 8. Benjamin, died November 26, 
1753: married, June 12, 1707, Abigail Burn- 
ham. ( II. C, 1703). 

(II) Thomas Choate, son of John Choate 
( I ), born at Chebacco, Ipswich, Massachusetts, 
idji, died Alarch 3, 1745; married first, 1690, 
Mary \ arney, daughter of Thomas and .Abi- 
gail (Proctor) N'arney, of Ipswich, who died 
November 19, 1733; married second, Septem- 
ber 24, 1734, Mrs. Alary Calef, widow of Doc- 
tor Joseph Calef; married third, November 9, 
1743, Airs. Hannah Burnham, who died Octo- 
ber 2, 1782. He was representative to the 
General Court i723-"24-'25-'27. Children: i. 

-Anne, born Alay 22, 1691, died August 15, 1759 ; 
married Cktober 21, 1710, John Burnham. 2. 
Thomas, born June 7, 1693. died August 22, 
1774: married first, Elizabeth Burnham; mar- 
ried second, October 31, 1738, Airs. Sarah Mar- 
shall ; married third, Mrs. Rachel (Riggs) Luf- 
kin. 3. Alary, born Alarch 18, 1695, died 
March 6, 1767; married, December, 1716, Par- 
ker Dodge, of Ipswich. 4. John, born July 25, 
1(397, died December 17, 1765; married, Alarch 
3, 1717, Aleriam Pool. 5. Abigail, born Octo- 
ber 20, 1699; married ^published November 
27, 1720) John Boardman, of Ipswich. 6. 
Francis, born September 13, 1701 ; see forward. 

7. Rachel, born November 18, 1703, died Alarch 
15, 1783; married first, January 16, 1724, 
Joseph Rust, who died February 3, 1734; mar- 
ried second, Alarch 2, 1737, Isaac jNIartin. 8. 
Ebenezer, born Alarch 10, 1706; married, Sep- 
tember 3, 1730, Elizabeth Ijreenleaf. 9. Sarah, 
born July 24, 1708; married Reverend Amos 

( III ) Francis Choate, son of Thomas Choate 
( 2 ), born at Chebacco, Ipswich, Alassachusetts, 
September 13, 1701, died there October 15, 
1777; married, April 13, 1727, Hannah Per- 
kins, born at Boston, Alassachusetts, April 4, 
1708, died October 2, 1778, daughter of Isaac 
and Alary ( Pike ) Perkins ; Blacksmith ; Ruling 
Elder, and Esquire. Children: i. Francis, 
born February 2J, 1727-8, died 1 740. 2. \\"ill- 
iam, born September 5, 1730; see forward. 3. 
Abraham, born Alarch 24, 1731-2, died April 
23, 1800; married Sarah Potter. 4. Isaac, born 
January 31, 1734, died Alay 30, 1813; married 
Elizabeth Low. 5. Jacob, baptized x\ugust 17, 
1735, died young. 6. John, born Alarch 13, 
1737, died July 7, 1791 ; married first, Novem- 
ber 14, 1760, Alary Eveleth, who died August 

8, 1788; married second, April 16, 1789, Airs. 
Sarah (Johnson) Newman, who married third, 
October 24. 1792, Bradstreet Parker. 7. Flan- 
nah, born April I, 1739, died April 18, 1785; 
married. November 10, 1757, Rufus Lathrop. 
8. Francis, born September 18, 1743, <J'^'' 

(I\' ) William Choate, son of F'rancis Choate 
(3), born at Chebacco, Ipswich, Alassachusetts, 
September 5, 1730, died there, April 23, 1785 ; 
married, January 16, 1756, Alary Giddings, 
b(jrn Alarch 2-. 1732, died November I, 1810. 
daughter of Job and Alargaret (Low) Gid- 
dings : sea captain ; schoolmaster. Children : 
I. William, born October 18, 1756, died No- 
vember, 1756. 2. David, born November 29, 
1757; see forward. 3. \\'illiam, born .August 
10, 1759, died January, 1835; married, Au- 


gust ly. 1784, Susannah Clioate, daugliter of 
Humphrey and Ruth (Lufkin) Choate. 4. 
George, born February 24. 1762. died February 
8, 1826; married, January I, 1789, Susanna 
Choate, daughter of Stephen and Mary { Low ) 
Choate. 5. Margaret, born March 18, 1764; 
married. May 25, 1786, John Crocker, Junior. 
6. Job. born March I, 1766, died December, 
1813 ; married first, April, 1797, Lydia Christo- 
phers ; married second Margaret Adams. 7. 
Mary, born November 17. 1767, died January, 
1852 : married, October 6, 1791, Thomas Baker. 
8. Hannah, born November 20, 1770, died 
March 5, 1810: married, January 10, 1793, 
Samuel Smith. 9. Sarah, born September 26, 
1772, died December 26, 1801. 10. Lydia, 
born September 24, 1774, died December 14, 
1839; married, February 19, 1801, John Per- 

(\') David Choate, son of William Choate 
(4), born at Chebacco, Ipswich, Massachusetts, 
November 29, 1757, died March 26, 1808 : mar- 
ried first, June 24, 1784. Mary Cogswell, born 
December 19, 1760. died August 21. 1784, 
daughter of Jonathan and Afary (Appleton) 
Cogswell: married second, October 15, 1791, 
Miriam Foster, born November 28, 1771, died 
January 14, 1853, daughter of Captain Aaron 
and Ruth (Low) Foster, of Ipswich; school 
teacher. He served in the revolutionary war, 
went to sea, to Havana and Cadiz. Children : 
I. Polly, born October 3, 1792, died March 29, 
1855; married, November 28, 1813, Doctor 
Thomas Sewall. 2. Hannah, born August 12, 
1794, died February 9, 1837: married, Septem- 
ber 2, 1822, Reverend Robert Crowell. 3. 
David, born November 29, 1796, died Decem- 
ber 17. 1872: married, January 14, 1828, Eliza- 
beth Wade. 4. Hon. Rufus, born October i, 
1799: see forward. 5. \\^ashington, born Jan- 
nary 17, 1803, died February 27, 1822. 6. Job, 
born December 25, 1806, died March 10, 1808. 

(Vl) Honorable Rufus Choate, son of David 
Choate (5), born at Chebacco, Ipswich, now 
Essex, Essex county, Massachusetts, October 
I. 1799, fl'^d at Halifax, Nova Scotia, July 13, 
1859: married, at Hanover, New Hampshire, 
March 29, 1825, Helen Olcott, born at Han- 
over. New Hampshire, March 29, 1804. died at 
Dorchester, Massachusetts, December 8, 1864, 
daughter of Mills and Sarah (Porter) Olcott.''' 
Children: I. Catherine Bell, born Mav 26. 

•"The Porter Genealogy," p. 285, caHs MiUs Olcott 
"Honorable." Sarah wife of Mills Olcott. 
wa.s a daughter of A.«a Porter, by his wife Mehit- 
able (Crocker). Asa Porter was a loyalist. (See 
Sabine, p. 19S). H. C. 1762. The line of Asa is .John 
(1). Samuel (2). John (3 1. Benjamin (4). Moses (51, 
Asa (6). 

1826, died May 24, 1830. 2. Infant, born Octo- 
ber 25, 1828, died same day. 3. Helen Olcott, 
born May 2, 1830; married, June 2, 1852, 
Joseph ^iills Bell, of Boston, Massachusetts. 
4. Sarah Blake, born December 15, 1831, died 
March II, 1875. 5. Rufus, born May 14, 1834, 
died January 15, iSftx 6. Miriam Foster, born 
(.October 2, 1835: married, September 23, 1856, 
Edward Ellerton Pratt, of Boston, Massachu- 
setts. 7. Caroline, born September 15, 1837, 
died December 12, 1840. 


Many local characters in Essex county have 
been famous in their day and generation, and 
perhaps none more so at the time of the Amer- 
ican revolution than Hon. Timothy Pickering. 
He was born in Salem, July 17, 1745, and died 
in his native city, January 29, 1829. He was 
graduated from Harvard College in 1763, was 
admitted to the bar in 1768, received a degree 
from New Jersey College in 1798; commanded 
a militia regiment at the beginning of the revo- 
lution, held the office of adjutant-general of 
the army in 1777, and that of quartermaster- 
general in 1780. After the revolutionary war 
lie settled in Pennsylvania, and between 1791 
and 1800 was postmaster-general of the United 
States, and secretary of war and secretary of 
state. He returned to Salem, in 1801, and was 
afterwards chief justice of the Essex county 
court of common pleas. United States senator 
from 1803 to 181 1, and a representative in 
congress from 181 3 to 1817. His portrait by 
Stuart, at the age of sixty-three, shows a man 
of a strong face, indicative of a firm will. He 
was the father of the famous scholar, John 
Pickering (1777-1846), author of the Greek 
and English Lexicon bearing his name. This 
was the first Greek lexicon witii definitions in 
English, and not Latin. 

Timothy Pickering was conspicuous for the 
force and dignity of his character. From 1774 
when the first colonial legislature assembled in 
Salem. Flickering politically was at the centre 
of events that preceded an(3 included the revo- 
lution. Eminent as he was in public life, he 
was but one in a group of professional and 
business men of rare ability and great attain- 
ments. He was as.sociated in his native city 
with educated men who were not only familiar 
with afifairs in their own country, but also were 
at home in foreign lands, having much of the 
culture gained by travel after the usual course 
of education was finished. They were not 
provincial in the narrow sense. 

It is remembered of Timothy Pickering that 


he was near-sighted and wore glasses at a 
period in the history of the country when such 
articles were uncommon, and near-sighted peo- 
ple having no glasses were relegated to the 
limbo of old age and to the realms of prema- 
ture uselessness. At home he was president of 
the county agricultural society and one of the 
school committee. About 1770 he published 
a manual of military tactics which he used in 
drill before the breaking out of the following 
war and which he applied later in a critical 
way to the instruction of officers superior to 
him in rank as the war progressed. He pub- 
lished an exhaustive letter on the "Conduct of 
tlie American Government towards Great Brit- 
ain and France," and a "Review of the Corre- 
spondence between President John .Adams and 
W'. Cunningham.'" besides other papers con- 
nected with his varied official service. The 
late George r)ailey Loring says of him : "Col- 
rnel Pickering was not only governed by a 
high sense of duty throughout his long career, 
and by strong convictions, but he also expressed 
himself in a nervous, vigorous style, and in 
controversial correspondence was a most for- 
midable foe. To no man is this country more 
indebted for its independent nationality and 
the strength of its institutions. He performed 
his service with such fearlessness and honesty 
that he was at times placed on the defensive; 
but he now stands in the front rank of the 
great and pure men of the revolutionary and 
constitutional period in our history. In a liter- 
ary point of view, he has left for the imitation 
of those statesmen who come after him a clear 
and impressive style and great power of state- 

He is sometimes criticized for his marching 
from Salem, with his regiment of three hun- 
dred men, on April 19, 1775, in pursuit of the 
Firitish troops retreating from Lexington, and 
failing to come up with them near Charles- 
town, from wliich he threatened to cut off their 
retreat. .\n observer on Prospect Hill, in pres- 
ent Somerville, saw Colonel Pickering's regi- 
ment on the top of Winter Hill, nearby, and 
the enemy being very near in Charlestown road. 
And Washington wrote: "For they (the Brit- 
ish ) had not arrived in Charlestown, under 
cover of their ships, half an hour, before a 
powerful body of men from Marblehead and 
.Salem was at their heels, and must, if they had 
happened to be up one hour sooner, inevitably 
have intercepted their retreat to Charlestown.''* 

.An'ce.stkv. — John Pickering ( i ), bmrn in 
England, about 1613, died in Salem, Massa- 
chusetts, 1^)57, married, about 1636, Elizabeth 

: she married second, December 25, 

1657, John Deacon, and died August 8, 1662. 
According to the Aspinwall Notarial Records, > 
under date of 1650, John Pickering of Salem 
owned a house near the Newgate in Coventry, 
county Warwick, England, which leads to the 
belief that he came from there or near there. 
Children: i. John, see forward. 2. Jonathan, 
died 1729; married. March 19, 1665, Jane 
Cromwell. 3. Elizabeth, baptized March 3, 
1644, died young. 4. Elizabeth, baptized Au- 
gust 31, 1645. died young. 

( H) John Pickering, son of John Pickering 
(i), born at Salem, Massachusetts, 1637, died 
May 5, 1694, married Alice (Flint) Bullock, 
widow of Henry Bullock, Junior, and daughter 
of William and .Alice Flint. He was a lieuten- 
ant in Captain .Samuel .Appleton's company in 
1675-6, and under Captain Moseley went to 
the rescue of Captain Lathrop's company at 
Bloody Brook, 1675. Children: i. John, born 
1658 : see forward. 2. Jonathan, born Sep- 
tember 27, 1660, died young. 3. Joseph, born 
.September 9, 1663, died young. 4. Benjamin, 
born January 15, 1665-6, died 1718: married, 
.April 27, 1693, Jane Hobby. 5. Sarah, born 
September 7, 1668, died before 1692; married 
John Buttolph. 6. Edward, birth unrecorded. 
7. William, born January 11, 1670-1 ; married, 
June 19, 1695, Hannah Browne. 8. Elizabeth, 
born September 7, 1674; married first, before 
16^6. Samuel Nichols: married second, Febru- 
arv 72, 1698-9, James Browne. 9. Hannah, 
born July 2, 1677, died before July 29, 1714; 
married first, Daniel King ; married second, 
1701, Nathaniel Beadle; married third, Octo- 
ber 29, 1706, Richard Palmer. 

(HI) Tohn Pickering, son of John Picker- 

•On February \Z. 1775, he was elected colonel of 
the First Regiment of Essex county militia, and 
receiyed his commission from the royal govern- 
ment. He held this office sometime after he had 
joined the army of the ITnited States in 1777. It is 
generally understood that he was present at the 
North Bridge when Colonel Leslie attempted to 
capture the cannon that were stored on the North 
Field, Salem: and the accounts of the affair printed 
in the "Essex Gazette" have been attributed to him. 

April 19, 1775, he led his regiment to assist the 
colonists on that eventful day. but arrived too late. 
The affray at Lexington had already taken place, 
and the British were on their return to Boston, 
when Colonel Pickering and his men reached Med- 
ford. Colonel Pickering's behavior on this occasion 
has been the subject of adverse criticism; but a 
careful inquiry into the facts shows clearly that his 
conduct was all that could be desired from a brave 
and careful officer. December 5. 1776, he collected a 
regiment of seven hundred men, who marched under 
his command, and went through the campaign in 
New York and New Jersey. The campaign ended 
April 1. 1777. 

Colonel Pickering's reputation and his frequent 
visits at headquarters made so favorable impres- 
sion on General Washington that he wrote him an 
urgent letter dated March 30. 1777, offering him the 
post of adjutant-general, which he declined at first, 
but afterwards accepted. 


ing {2). born at Salem. Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember lo, 1658, died there June ig. 1722 ; mar- 
ried, June 14, 1683. Sarah Burrell, born May 

16. i6i5i, died December 27, 1747, daughter o'f 
John and Lois (Ivory) Burrell, of Lynn. jNIass- 
achusetts. Children: Lois, born May i, 1684; 
died February 12, 1754; married, April 17, 
1709. Timothy Orne. 2. Sarah, born July 25, 
1686, died December 20, 1744; married. July 

17, 1707. Joseph Hardy. 3. John, born Octo- 
l)er 28, 1688, died September 10. 1712. 4. 
Mary, born ^lay 11, 1691, died July 8. 1702. 
5. Ruth, born October 10. 1693, died July 2/, 
1702. 6. Joseph, born November 29, 1695, 
died July 22. 1702. 7. Lydia, born March 17. 
1698. died October 10. 1702. 8. Theophilus, 
born September 28, 1 700, died October 7. 1747. 
9. Timothv. born February 10. 1702-3 ; see for- 
ward. 10. Eunice, born October 3. 1705. died 
October 8. 1783 ; married first. December 10. 
1724. Joseph Xeal ; married second, April 6, 
1738, '\\"illiam Pickering. 

( R' ) Timothy Pickering, son of John Pick- 
ering (3). born at Salem. Massachusetts, bap- 
tized F"ebruary 14, 1702-3. died there. June 7, 
1778. married, November 21. 1728, Mary ^^'in- 
gate, born at Hampton, New Hampshire. June 
14. 1708, died at Salem, Massachusetts. Decem- 
ber 12. 1784. daughter of Colonel Joshua and 
Mary ( I^unt ) \Mngate. Children: i. Sarah, 
born January 28. 1730. died November 21, 
1826: married John Clarke. 2. Mary, born 
March 29. 1733. died January 30. 1805. 3. 
Lydia. born February 27. 1736. died October 
21. 1824; married, ^larch 15, 1758. George 
Williams. 4. Elizabeth, born November 12. 
1737. died October 12. 1823; married, Novem- 
ber 7, 1757, John Gardner. 5. John, born 
March 2, 1740. died August 20. 181 1. 6. Lois, 
born April 19, 1742, died February 4. 1815; 
married. 1772. John Gooll. 7. Eunice, born 
.^pril 19, 1742, died January 14, 1843, '" '''^'' 
one hundred and first year : married. May 23, 
T765, her. cousin, Paine Wingate, who died in 
his one hundredth year. 8. Timothy, born July 
fi. 1745: see forward. 9. Lucia, born Novem- 
ber 12, 1747. died October 31, 1822: married. 
June 17. 1776. Israel Dodee. 

( \') Colonel Timothv Pickering, son of Tim- 
ftliy Pickering (4), born at Salem. Massachu- 
setts. July 6. 1745. died there January 29. 1829 ; 
married, April 8. 1776. Rebecca White, born at 
Hristol. England. July 18. 1754. died at Salem, 
Massachusetts. .August 14. 1828. daughter of 
Benjamin and Elizabeth f ^Iiller) White. Chil- 
dren : I. John, born February 2. 1777. died 
May 5, 1846; married, March 3, 1805, Sarah 

\\'hiie. 2. Timothy, born ( )ctu1)er i, 1779, 
died May 14, 1807; married. December 29I 
1804, Lurena Cole. 3. Henrv, bom October 8, 
1 781. died May 8, 1838, 4. Charles, born May 
25. 1784. died May 12, 1796. 5. William, born 
February 16. 1786, died June fb, 1814. 6. Ed- 
ward, born September 12, 1787, died October 
10, 1793. 7. George, born August 7, 1789, died 
April 2^. 1826. 8. Octavius. born September 2, 
1791, died October 29, 1868; married, Decem- 
ber 29, 1836, Jane Pratt. '9. Mary, born No- 
vember 21, 1793, died ;\Iarch 22. "1863; mar- 
ried, April 12, 1813, Benjamin Ropes Nichols. 
10. Elizabeth, born November 21, 1793. died 
August II, 1819; married, August 12. 1816, 
Hammond Dorsey. 


Natlianiel Bowditch was born in Salem, March 
2''- 1773. and died in Boston, March 16, 1838. 
He began life in the forecastle of an East 
Indiaman. and a recent writer has said of him : 
"Nathaniel Bowditch everybody has heard of 
who ever smelled salt water. He was famous 
both on sea and shore. His fame was so ex- 
tensive and stable that even his contemporaries 
who used his "Navigator," and worked out 
their problems by use of his tables, often 
thought of him as being as ancient and famous 
as Sir Isaac Newton. After his marine experi- 
ence was over he lived as a quiet business man 
in Salem, not especially conspicuous in a place 
and at a time when firstrate attainments and 
achievements were expected of many men in 
many modes of action." In Salem he was 
president of the Essex Fire and Marine Insur- 
ance Companyr Therefore in an intellectual 
point of view his career is one of the most re- 
markable and admirable records in history. 

The present writer holds in his hand a bound 
volume of pamphlets, entitled by its former 
owner "Bowditch's Eulogies." The volume was 
formerly the property of Eliza S. Ouincy. a 
daughter of an eminent president of Harvard 
University, and contains her autograph. Their 
titles are "A Discourse on the Life and Char- 
acter" of Dr. Bowditch, by Alexander Young 
( Boston, 1838), 114 pp. a' "Eulogy," by John 
Pickering (Boston, 1838), loi pp. ; and another 
"Eulogy" by Daniel Appleton White (Salem, 
1838). 72 pp. 

His parents were Habakkuk and Mary In- 
gersoll Bowditch. His ancestors for three gen- 
erations were shipmasters, and his father on 
retiring from that mode of hard industry, car- 
ried on the trade of a cooper, by which he 
gained a precarious subsistence for a family of 


seven children, of which Xathaiiiel was the 
fourth. He sailed on his first voyage, at the 
age of twenty-two, on January ii, 1795, in the 
capacity of captain's clerk, and was absent a 
year. In 1800, at the age of twenty-three, he 
issued the first edition of his "New American 
Practical Navigator," a work which has been 
of immense service to the nautical and com- 
mercial interests of this country. By this 
single act, without doing anything more, he 
would have conferred a lasting obligation upon 
his native land. "The Practical Navigator," to 
the time of his death, was never superseded 
He learned the French and Spanish languages 
without any instructor. Subsequently in life 
he acquired the German and the Italian. In 
1700 he began to study Latin in order to read 
niathemetical works in that language. Having 
quitted the sea in 1840 he became the president 
of the marine insurance company in Salem, 
which we have already mentioned, and retained 
that office until 1823, when he was elected to a 
high position in another insurance company, 
and removed to Boston at the age of fifty, and 
spent in that city the last fifteen years of his 
life. He was eminently a self-taught and self- 
made man. He became one of the greatest 
scientific men of his age. He was a contempla- 
tive, recluse student, and, at the same time, an 
active public man. At the same time he was 
one of the most skilful of financiers. He trans- 
lated and commented on LaPlace "'Mecanique 
Celeste:" the first volume in 1829, the second 
volume in 1832, and the third volume in 1834; 
of about one thousand pages each, quarto ; the 
fourth and last was incomplete at his decease. 

On October 28. 1800, he married his cousin, 
Mary Ingersoll, as his second wife, daughter of 
Jonathan and INIary Hodges Ingersoll ; she was 
born December 4, 1 78 1, and died in Boston, 
April 17, 1834. By his second marriage he had 
eight children, six of whom (four sons and 
two daughters) survived him. His first wife 
was Elizabeth Boardman, daughter of Francis 
Boardman, married, March 23, 1798; she died 
w'hile he was absent on a voyage, at the age 
of eighteen years. 

Nine years of his life were spent in five voy- 
ages upon the sea (four of them to the East 
Indies). He was the author of many scientific 
articles described by John Pickering, who ven- 
tures the remark that the mere mechanical bulk 
of Dr. Bowditch's work exhibits an amount of 
actual labor "that astonishes us." 

Daniel Appleton White fin 1838) speaking 
to the inhabitants of Salem, states, that "some 
of vou remember him at school, as an active. 

bright boy, and uncommonly fond of the study 
of arithmetic his genius for the mathe- 
matics then began to manifest itself." 

and this before the age of ten, when he quitted 
the school, because of the obligation to go to 
work. At the age of fifteen he made a manu- 
script almanac for the year 1790, complete in 
all its parts; and so onward." 

The names of Dr. Bowditch's brothers and 
sisters were Mary (who married), Habakkuk, 
Elizabeth, William (who died in 1799, aged 
27^). Samuel and Lois (the last named was un- 
married, and died about 1808). Five of this 
number died before the age of twenty-three, 
and the eldest of them died in 1808. at the age 
of forty-two. The mother of Dr. Bowditch 
was a daughter of Nathaniel Ingersoll, and his 
ancestors were all inhabitants of Salem, where 
the first was William Bowditch, who, w-ith his 
wife Sarah, came from England among the 
early settlers. Their son William was collector 
of the port of Salem for the colonial govern- 
ment. He died suddenly in 1681, leaving a 
widow named Sarah, and an only son named 
William, who was married to Mary, a daughter 
of Thomas Gardner, This third William was 
a respectable merchant, and for many years a 
representative to the general court. He had 
been a shipmaster. Among his children was 
Joseph, who was a man of note in his day, and 
Ebenezer, the grandfather of Dr. Bowditch, 
who in 1723 married Mary, daughter of John 
Turner, an opulent merchant, long a member of 
the Province Council. Dr. Nathaniel Bow- 
ditch's father and grandfather were both re- 
spectable shipmasters. (D. A. White). 

A.MCESTRY.^ William Bowditch (i), was ad- 
mitted an inhabitant of Salem, Massachusetts, 
November 20, 1639. His wife Sarah joined 
the church at Salem, May 10, 1640. Mr. Bow- 
ditch had a grant of ten acres of land, January 
23, 1642, and had another grant of thirty acres, 
on October 13. 1649. Mr. Bowditch is said to 
have come to Salem from Devonshire, Eng- 
land. Children: i. \\'illiam, born about 1640: 
see forward. 2. Nathaniel, baptized February 
12. 1642-3. Nathaniel Bowditch, of Newport, 
Rhode Island, sold land in Salem, in 1674. 

(IP) William Bowditch. son of William Bow- 
ditch ( i"), born at Salem, Massachusetts, about 
1640. died before November 12, 1681 : was a 
merchant at Salem, and collector of customs at 

the port of Salem ; married Sarah ; she 

was living in 1703. Child: i. ^^'illiam. see 

(Ill) Captain William Bowditch, son of 
William Bowditch (2). born at Salem, Massa- 


chusetts, September, 1663, died May 28, 1728, 
married. August 30, 1688, Mary Gardner, born 
February 14, 1669-70, died 1724, daughter of 
Lieutenant Thomas and Mary (Porter) Gard- 
ner, of Salem. He was a sea captain and a 
merchant, a selectman, deputy to the general 
court, 1712-13. and held other offices of trust, 
and was a prominent citizen of Salem. He and 
his wife are both buried in the Charter street 
burying ground. Children: I. Mary, born 
.•\ugust 2, 1689. died October 2. 1689. 2. Will- 
iam, born October 31. 1690, died October 12, 
1706. 3. Mary, born December 18. 1693, died 
February, 1724; married first, September 8, 
1715, James Butler, of Boston. Massachusetts; 
second, December 26, 1723, Captain Samuel 
Barton, of Salem. 4. Sarah, born January 10, 
1696, died March, 1761 ; married, June 30, 
1 71 5, Joseph Hathorn, of Salem, who died 
June 3, 1760. 5. Thomas, born June 5, 1698, 
died November 30. 1702. 6. Joseph, born Au- 
gust 21, 1700. died October 6. 1780; married. 
July 25. 1725. Elizabeth Hunt, who died May 
7. 1743, in her thirty-ninth year. 7. Ebenezer, 
born April 26, 1703: see forward. 8. Eunice, 
born June 8, 1705. died July 2. 1705. 9. Eunice, 
born March 22. 1707; married. December 12. 
1728. \\'illiam Hunt, of Salem. 10. Daniel. 
born June 19. 1709, died about 1730. 11. Will- 
iam, born Februar)' i, 1713, died November i, 


(J\) Captain Ebenezer Bowditch. son of 
Captain William Bowditch (3). born at Salem, 
^Massachusetts, April 26, 1703. died February 
2. 1768. aged sixty-four ; married. August 15. 
1728. Mary Turner, born November i. 1 706. 
died ]\Iay i. 1785, daughter of Colonel John 
and ]\Iary (Kitchen) Turner, of Salem. Chil- 
dren: I. Ebenezer, born September 28. 1729, 
died August 3, 1771 : married. July 17, 1755. 
Elizabeth Gilman, of Ipswich, Alassachusetts. 
who died February 11, 1824, aged ninety-two 
years. 2. John, born April 3, 1732: married, 
July 12, 1759. Mary Carlton, of Salem. 3. 
Thomas, born about 1734. died July 29. 1808. 
aged seventy- four years: married. April 21. 
1760, Sarah Bancroft, of Lynn, Massachusetts, 
who died February 26. 1808. aged sixty-six 
years. 4. William, died December 29. 175^. 
aged eighteen years. 5. Habakkuk. baptized 
March 5. 1737-8; see forward. 6. IMary. died 
April 22. 1757. aged fifteen years. 

(V) Captain Habakkuk Bowditch, son of 
Captain Ebenezer Bowditch (4). born at Salem, 
Massachusetts, baptized March 5. 1737-8. died 
July 28. 1798; married. July 23. 1765. Alary 
Ingersoll. daughter of Captain Nathaniel and 

r.ethia (Gardner) Jngersoll, of Salem. Chil- 
dren; 1. Mary, baptized March 30. 1766. died 
1808; married Captain David Martin. 2. Ha- 
bakkuk. baptized May 15, 1768. 3. Elizabeth, 
baptized May 19. 1771. 4. Nathaniel, born 
March 26, 1773; see forward. 5. Samuel In- 
gersoll. baptized September 12. 1779. 6. \\'ill- 
iam, baptized September 12, 1779. died 1799. 
7. Lois, baptized April i, 1781 ; married Cap- 
tain Joseph Bowditch. 

( \ I ) Nathaniel Bowditch. son of Captain 
Habakkuk Bowditch (5), born at Salem. Mass- 
achusetts. March 26, 1773, died at Boston, 
Massachusetts, March 16. 1838; married first. 
March 25, 1798. Elizabeth Boardman, daughter 
of Captain Francis and Mary (Hodges ) Board- 
man, who died October 18, 1798, aged nineteen 
years; married second, October 28, 1800, his 
cousin. Mary Ingersoll. born December 4. 1781, 
died April 17. 1834. daughter of Jonathan and 
Mary (Hodges) Ingersoll. of Windsor, \'er- 
mont. Children by second wife : I.Nathaniel 
Ingersoll. born at Salem. January 17, 1-805. 
died in Brookline. Massachusetts, April 16, 
1861. (IT. C. 1822). Alarried. April 23. 1835. 
Elizabeth B. Francis. 2. Jonathan Ingersoll, 
married Luc_y Orne Nichols. 3. Henry Inger- 
soll. born at Salem. .August 9, 1808, died Janu- 
ar\- 14. 1892. ( H. C, 1828). 4. Charles Inger- 
soll, died February 21. 1820. 5. Son. died 
vouug. ft. Marv Ingersoll. 7. ^^'illiam Inger- 
soll. "(H. C. 1838). 8. Elizabeth Boardman 


Nathan Dane was born at Ipswich, in the 
parish of that town called the Hamlet, now the 
separate town of Flamilton, December 29, 1752. 
His ancestor John Dane came from England 
Ijefore 1641 and from him Nathan was de- 
scended by John (2). John (3), Daniel (4). 
Daniel (5), the last of whom married Abigail 
Iturnham, the mother of Nathan. 

He worked on a farm until he was twenty- 
one, when he prepared himself for college, and 
entered Harvard, and was graduated there in 
1778. He then taught school and studied law, 
and began practice in Beverly, where he resided 
until his death, February 15, 1835. He was a 
representative to the general court of Massa- 
chusetts. 1782-85; member of Congress, 1785- 
87: and of the Massachusetts senate five years 
between 1790 and 1798. He held other honors, 
including an appointment as justice of the 
court of common pleas, but resigned the place 
very soon. In 1814 he was a member of the 
Hartford convention. He was a member of 


several historical societies. In 1829 he founded 
the Dane law professorship in Harvard Col- 
lege. He was the author of "A General Abridg- 
ment and Digest of American Law," a work 
which gave him a permanent fame. But he is 
still better known for the connection of his 
name with the Ordinance of 1787, drafted by 
him for the government of the Northwest 
Territory of Ohio. In this document the spread 
and power of the institution of slavery was 

Daniel Webster in his famous "Reply to 
Hayne" eulogized him thus : "I paid a passing 
tribute of respect to a very worthy man, Mr. 
Dane, of Massachusetts. It so happens that he 
drew the ordinance of 1787 for the govern- 
ment of the northwest territory. A man of so 
much ability and so little pretence, of so great 
a capacity to do good and so unmixed a disposi- 
tion to do it for its own sake, a gentleman who 
had acted an important part forty years ago, in 
a measure the influence of which is still deeply 
felt, should be remembered." \\"ebster further 
said: "It fixed forever the character of the 
population in the vast regions northwest of the 
Ohio, by excluding from them involuntary 
servitude. It impressed uponjhe soil itself, 
while it was yet a wilderness, an incapacity to 
bear up any other than freeman. It laid the 
interdict against personal servitude, in original 
compact, not only deeper than all local law, but 
deeper, also, than all local constitution." 

He was notable above all his professional 
brethren of that time. He acquired in his 
vouth a physical stamina by work on the farm 
which supported him through the unremitted 
labors of a long life, during sixty of which he 
])iirsued his studies. 

A notice by a contemporary. Rev. Christo- 
]3her T. Ayer, is printed in Stone's "History of 
Beverly." from which are made these extracts : 
"His father was a worthy and substantial 
farmer, and his parents respectable and excel- 
lent persons, of whom he always spoke with 
veneration and affection. They had a numer- 
ous family — six sons and six daughters — of 
whom two daughters were living (1843) one in 
her I02d vear. He was remarkable for his 
power of long continued application to study. 
His advantages of education before he was 
twenty-one were very small. He prepared 
himself for college in the short space of eight 
months. He studied law under the well known 
Judge Wetmore.* His practice from the first 
was extensive and profitable. Through grow- 

•WiUiam Wetmore, of Salem. Harvard 1770. was 
admitted to the bar 17S0. He died 1830, and his 
daughter was the wife of Judge Joseph Story. 

ing deafness he was induced gradually, and at 
length wholly to retire from it. He was ap- 
]3ointed on a committee to revise the laws of 
the State in 1795, and again to a smiliar duty 
in 181 1 and 1812. He was an elector of presi- 
dent of the United States in 1812, and chosen 
in 1820 a member of the convention for revis- 
ing the State constitution, but on account of 
deafness did not take his seat. He was dis- 
tinguished by his ability in debate, knowledge 
of public business and capacity for discharging 
it." "^^'e are accustomed," said ]Mr. Webster 
(in 1830), "to praise the lawgivers of antiq- 
uity: we help to perpetuate the fame of Solon 
and Lycurgus ; but I doubt whether one single 
law of any lawgiver, ancient or modern, has 
produced eft'ects of a more distinct and marked 
and lasting character than the ordinance of '87. 
That instrument was drawn by Nathan Dane, 
then and now a citizen of ^Massachusetts. It 
was adopted, as I think I have understood, 
without the slightest alteration ; and certainly 
it has happened to few men, to be the author 
of a political measure of more large and endur- 
ing consequence." 

He bestowed in his lifetime the sum of $15,- 
ooD to the Law College of Harvard LTniversity. 
He was also a donor to the Dane Law Library 
of Ohio. His "General Abridgement and Digest 
of American Law, with Occasional Notes and 
Comments," is in nine volumes. It was pub- 
lished in 1823 and 1829, and is regarded a 
monument of immense industry and learning. 
He completed another of nearly equal extent 
in manuscript, entitled, "A Moral and Political 
Survey of America." He could study and 
write as least twelve hours a day and neither, 
as he said himself, the care of children, nor the 
cares or want of property have interfered with 
his studies. At the time when he commenced 
this and his law works (in 1782) there were 
onlv fragments in the country on either sub- 
ject. His writings are marked with a neglect 
of style, his object, when composing, being to 
pursue the thought before him, and simply to 
make his views intelligible to others. He had 
no graces of style, either native or borrowed ; 
neither did he seek for such. To instruct and 
convince was his aim. 

He was rigidly simple in his habits and man- 
ners, and in all that he did. His elo(|uence was 
that of fact and argument. His life through- 
out was one of constant and wonderful dili- 
gence. He was never before his last illness 
confined to his house by sickness more than 
two days at a time, and that very rarely. He 
took regular rather than a great deal of exer- 


cise, and that was walking cliiefly. The quaU- 
ties of his intellect were altogether of the solid 
kind. He had little acquaintance with the 
lighter branches of literature. His iudgment 
was singularly discriminating and well balanced. 
Few ever lived who were less biased by passion 
or prejudice. In the management of public 
affairs he was cautious, firm, sagacious and 
able, and he was correspondingly skilful in con- 
ducting his private business. Although he was 
long in the practice of loaning monev to many 
different individuals, he never incurrefl pecuni- 
ary loss in this way. He was remarkablv free 
from the indulgence of resentful or vindictive 
feelings. To the e.xcellent partner of his life 
he was united for fifty-five years, and she sur- 
vived him. Without children of his own, he 
was as a father to many. He assisted several 
of his relatives to a liberal education, and others 
he aided to establish in life. If a prudent 
economy reigned in his family, so did also a 
ready hospitality. Few laymen have spent so 
much tme in the study of theologv'. Rarely 
has there been one that had proposed to him- 
self so much, who lived to see his objects so 
fully accomplished. 

His widow died April 14, 1840. aged ninety 

A\'CE.STRV. — John Dane" ( I), of Berkham- 
sted. Bishop's Stortford, Herts, England, and 
of Ipswich and Roxbury, ^Massachusetts, died 
at Roxbury, September 14, 1658. married first, 

: married second, July 2, 1643, Agnes 

Chandler, widow of William Chandler, of Rox- 
bury ; she married third, August 9. 1660. John 
I'arminter. of Sudbury, Massachusetts. Chil- 
dren: I. John, see forward. 2. Elizabeth, 
died at Ipswich. Massachusetts, January 21, 
1693: married James How, who died at Ips- 
wich, May 17, 1702. 3. Francis, minister at 
.Andover, Massachusetts, died there February 
17, 1696-7: married first. Elizabeth Ingalls, 
who died at Andover, June 9, 1676: married 
second, September 21, 1677. ^irs. Mary Thomas 
who died February 18. 1688-9; married third, 
1690, ^[rs. Hannah (Chandler) Abbot, who 
died June 2, 171 1. 

(II) John Dane, son of John Dane ( i ), 
died at Ipsw-ich, Massachusetts. September 29, 
1684; married first, Eleanor Clark: married 

second, Alice , who after his decease 

married Jeremiah Meacham, of Salem, Massa- 
chusetts, and died before .May 4, 1704. Chil- 
dren : I. ]Mary. born about 1636, died May 
10, 1679: married. August 24, 1658. William 
Chandler, of Andover. ^lassachusetts. 2. John, 
born at Ipswich about 1644: see forward. 3. 

Sarah, born about 1645, died December 28, 
1702: married, September 23, 1668, Daniel 
Warner, Jr.. of Ipswich, Massachusetts, who 
died November 24, 1696. 4. Philemon, born 
about 1646. died October 18, 1716; married 
first. October 7, 1685. ^fary Thompson; mar- 
ried second, December 25, 1690, Ruth Con- 
verse, of Woburn, Massachusetts, who died 
January 12, 1735-6. 5. Rebecca, married James 
Hovey. 6. Elizabeth, married Reginald Foster, 

(III) John Dane, son of John Dane (2), 
died December 23, 1707, "in ye 6sth year of 
his age." (Gravestone at Hamilton ). Married, 
December 27, 1671, Abigail \\'arner, daughter 
of Daniel and Elizabeth ( Denne ) Warner, of 
Ipswich, Massachusetts. Children: i. John, 
born November 29, 1681. 2. Daniel, born about 
1689: see forward. 3. Susannah, born March 
6, 1685-6. buried March 24, 1687. 4. Na- 
thaniel, born June 27, 1691, died June, 1760: 
married first, 1712, Elizabeth Potter; married 
second, March, 1716-17, .\nna Low, who died 
February, 1730- 1 ; married third, December 23, 
1732, Esther Kimball, of Wenham, Massachu- 
setts. 5. Abigail, born December 15, 1673; 
married, March 27, 1705, Joseph Crackbone, 
of Cambridge. 6. Rebecca, born September 
18, 1676. 7. Elizabeth, born March 6, 1678-9. 

( I\') Daniel Dane, son of John Dane ('3), 
born at Ipswich, Massachusetts, about 1689, 
died there January 22, 1730- 1 ; married first, 
March 16. 1714, Lydia Day, born October 27, 
1694: married second, Mary .Annable, widow 
of Matthew Annable, of Ipswich. Children: I. 
Daniel, bom about 1716: see forward. 2. John, 
horn about 1719. died at Cdoucester, [Massachu- 
setts, July 21, 1793, in the 74th year of his age. 
3. Mary, born about 172 1. 4. Lydia, born 
about 1725. 5. Nathan, born about 1727. 

(V) Daniel Dane, son of Daniel Dane (4), 
born at Ipswich, Massachusetts, about 1716, 
died October 15. 1768: married (published 
January 5, 1739-40) .'Abigail Burnham, born 
August 31, 1717. died September 3, 1799. 
daughter of David and Elizabeth (Perkins) 
Burnham, of Ipswich. His will dated October 
5. 1728, proved November 28, 1768, names 
wife Abigail, six sons and six daughters, whose 
names appear in the list of his children here 
given. Children: i. Daniel, married (pub- 
lished January 12, 1771) Sarah Goodhue. 2. 
Nathan, born December 27. 1752: see forward. 
3. Samuel, married Hannah Ellingwood. 4. 
Tohn, died at Beverly, Massachusetts, March 5, 
1829. aged eighty years: married (published 
Januar\' 2, 1773) Jemima Fellows, who died at 


Beverly. A]3ril 2-8, 1827. 5. Benjamin. 6. 
Joseph. 7. Abigail. 8. Lydia, died August 23, 
1845, aged one hundred years eight months 
five days: married, October 19, 1773. Thomas 
Appleton, of Beverly. Massachusetts, who died 
September 14. 1830, aged ninety years. 9. Eliz- 
abeth. 10. Sarah, married (published January 

26, 1771 ) Ebenezer Ellingwood, of Beverly, 
Massachusetts. 11. Lucy. 12. Molly, married 
(published June 15, 1776) William Ellingwood, 
of Beverly, Massachusetts. 

( \'I ) Nathan Dane, son of Daniel Dane 
( 5 ), born at Ipswich, Massachusetts, December 

27, 1752. died at Beverly, Massachusetts, P'eb- 
ruary 15, 1835: married, November 14, 1799, 
Polly Brown, who died April 14. or April 24, 
1840. aged ninety years. The will of Hon. 
Nathan Dane, of Beverly, dated August 17, 
1830. probated April 7, 1835. names his wife 
Poll}-, and mentions bequests to a large number 
of relatives, viz. : Nathan Dane, of Kennebunk, 
Maine; Nathan D. Appleton. Alfred, Maine; 
nephew Joseph Patch and his sister Leafe 
Patch ; nephew Daniel Appleton and his sister 
Lydia Lamson, with proviso regarding their 
aged mother ; nephew Samuel Dane and his 
brother John G. Dane, and their nephew Na- 
than Dane ; besides bequests to the four sisters 
of said Samuel and John, daughters of "my 
brother Daniel Dane, deceased ;'" and to the 
children of his daughter Sally, deceased ; niece 
Elizabeth Dodge and her son Nathan D. Dodge, 
she being the widow of Andrew Dodge — her 
sons Samuel and Nathan ; niece Harriet Tuck ; 
Ezra Cleaves, Jr., and his two sisters. Nancy 
Sargent and Sally Glidden ; grandnephew N. D. 
Ellingwood ; Samuel \\'. Cox : Sarah \\". Cox 
and Lucy W. Cox, "daughters of my niece 
Nabby Cox," their sister Deborah Cox, their 
brother Ebenezer Cox ; his nephew \Mlliam 
\MTipple, to whom he gave a farm in Dunbar- 
ton. New Hampshire, said Whipple supporting 
his mother; and he gave legacies to her five 
(laughters, and to the children of her daughter 
.'-^ally. deceased ; niece Esther Stanly ; Sally 
Clarke ; nejahew Joseph Dane, of Kennebunk, 
Maine, to be residuary legatee. After the death 
of his wife a certain sum was devised to Har- 
vard College. 


Joseph Storv. son of Dr. Elisha Story, was 
bnrn in Marblehead. September 18. 1779. and 
died in Cambridge, September 10, 1845. 

It is said of him that he made "no delays in 
his youth :"' and he was graduated at Harvard 
in 1 798. received degrees of LL. D. from Brown, 

1815; Harvard, 1821; and Dartmouth, 1824. 
His education before entering college was re- 
ceived under the direction of William Harris, 
afterwards president of Columbia College. He 
studied law with Chief Justice Samuel Sewall, 
in Marblehead, and later with Judge Samuel 
Putnam, and was admitted to the bar in 1801. 
In politics he was a Democrat, and as such was 
almost alone among the lawyers of his county. 
He was a member of the house of representa- 
tives in Massachusetts in 1805, 1806 and 1807; 
a member of congress in 1808 ; again a member 
of the legislature from 1809 to 1812, and was 
speaker of the house in 181 1. In 181 1 he was 
appointed associate justice of the supreme court 
of the United States. He was then only thirty- 
two years old. He was appointed Dane pro- 
fessor of law at Harvard L'niversity in 1829, 
and in the same year removed from Salem to 
Cambridge. Here he resided until his death. 
He was learned in the law, and had a wonder- 
ful fluency in the use of language, both spoken 
and written, and nothing distinguished him 
more than his industry. 

.\mong his law publications were "Selection 
of Pleadings in Civil Actions, with Annota- 
tions," 1805 ; "The Public and General Statutes 
passed by Congress from 1789 to 1827," and in 
1836 and 1843, supplements to these, were 
edited bv him ; "Commentaries on the Law of 
Bailments, with Illustrations from the Civil and 
Foreign Law." 1832; "Commentaries on the 
Constitution." 1833 ; "Commentaries on theCon- 
flict of Laws. Foreign and Domestic, in regard 
to Contracts, Rights and Remedies, and espe- 
cially in Regard to Marriages. Divorces. \\'ills. 
Successions and Judgments," 1834 ; "Commen- 
taries on Ec|uity jurisprudence as Administered 
in England and America," 1835 and 1836; 
"Commentaries on Equity Pleadings and the 
Incidents Thereto, according to the Practice of 
the Courts of Equity in England and America." 
1838; "Commentaries on the Law of .Agency 
as a Branch of Commercial and Maritime Juris- 
prudence, with Occasional Illustrations from 
the Civil and Foreign Law," 1839; also in 1841. 
1843 and 1845. "Commentaries on the Law of 
Partnership." on the "Law of Bills of Ex- 
change," on the "Law of Promissory Notes." 

Judge Story, amid vast and constant labor as 
a lawver. professor, jurist and author, found 
time for a long and interesting number of pro- 
ductions from his pen of a purely literary char- 
acter. He delivered in Salem a eulogy of 
George Washington. 1800; a eulogy on Cap- 
tain James Lawrence and Lieutenant A. C. 
Ludlow. i8n: a sketch of the life of Samuel 


Dexter, 1816; a charge to the grand juries of 
the circuit courts at Boston an<l Providence, 
i8iy; a charge to the grand jury of the circuit 
court of Portland, 1829; an address before the 
members of tiie Suffolk bar, 1821 ; another 
before the Phi Beta Kapi:ia Society of Har- 
vard, 1826: another before the Essex flistorical 
Society, 1828; another on his inauguration as 
Dane Professor of Law at Harvard University, 
1829; another on the dedication of the ceme- 
tery at Mount Auburn, 1831 ; on the funeral 
obse(|uies of John Hooker Ashmun, 1833 ; on 
the life, character and services of John ^^lar- 
shall, LL. D., 1835: lectures on the science of 
government, 1838: and a discourse before the 
alumni of Harvard College, 1842; a charge to 
the grand jury of Rhode Island on treason, 
1845 ■ ^"'l many other occasional speeches and 

( ieorge Baile_\- Loring, in his estimate of the 
character of Joseph Story, from which the 
above items are taken, says, "America has pro- 
duced but few men ecpial in all respect to Judge 
Story. As a student he combined patience, dili- 
gence, comprehension and enthusiasm to a most 
extraordinary degree. He turned his atten- 
tion in his early life to the hardest of all 
sciences, in which dispassionate judgment and 
cold deliberation are essentially required. And 
yet he filled the temple of the law with a genial 
warmth and a radiant glow which could not be 
surpassed by any work of taste and imagina- 
tion, and has rarely been equalled in those 
spheres which are dedicated to fervor and de- 
votion. . . His mind, with its vast grasp 
and broad understanding, worked on with the 
rapidity of light. . . He was a great lawyer, 
a great author, a great citizen.'' 

His decisions, 1812-15. are in "Gallison's Re- 
ports:" 1S16-30, in "Mason's Reports;" 1830- 
39, in "Sumner's Reports;" and 1839-45, in 
"Story's Reports." Three unprinted manu- 
script volumes were finished just before his 
death, and were deposited in the Harvard Col- 
lege Library. These volumes were entitled 
"Digest of Law Supplementary to Comyns." 

The mere recapitulation of his published 
literary labor is alone enough to appall an ordi- 
nary mintl. The judgments delivered by him 
on his circuit comprehend thirteen volumes. 
The Reports of the Supreme Court during his 
judicial life occupy thirty-five volumes, of 
which he wrote a full share. His various 
treatises on legal subjects cover thirteen vol- 
umes, besides a volume of Pleadings. He edited 
and annotated three dift'erent treatises, with 
copious notes, and published a volume of Poems. 

The above, and much else, is mentioned in an 
enumeration by his son and biographer. 

Dr. P^rancis Lieber, in a letter dated 1857, 
writes, "His name will forever grace the list of 
leading men in a period of our country which 
we fear was greater than that in which we 
live." Eminent contemporaries, such as Chan- 
cellor Kent and Lord Brougham, pronounced 
judgments upon him, in eitect, that he was "the 
first jurist living." 

Ancestry. — Elisha Story (i), of Boston, 
Massachusetts, died there September 20, 1725, 
aged fort}'-two years ; married first, October 17, 
1706, Lydia Emmons, born 1685, died July ij. 
1713, daughter of Benjamin and ]\Iary Em- 
mons, of Boston; married second, October i, 

1713, Mrs. Sarah (Stocker) Renouf, of Bos- 
ton, who died June 28, 1741, aged fifty-eight 
)ears. Mr. Story was a cordwainer by occupa- 
tion, and his homestead was on the spot where 
the Revere House now stands. The will of 
Elisha Story, dated January 6, 1723, probated 
.September 30, 1725, mentions wife Sarah, and 
her two children, Clement Renouf and Rebecca 
Renouf, whom she had b)' her former husband, 
to whom were given lands in Nottingham, New 
Ham]jshire; and his only son, William Story, 
and his only daughter, Lydia Box, were given 
his real estate in Boston. He was admitted a 
member of the Old South Church, Boston, 
April 18, 1705. Child by first wife; i. Elisha, 
born July 19, 1713, died young. Children by 
second wife ; 2. Sarah, born September 8, 

1714, died young. 3. Elisha, born March 3, 
1717-18, died young. 4. Lydia, born March 26, 
1718-19; married John Box. 5. \\'illiam, see 

(H) William Story, son of Elisha Story 
( I ). born at Boston. Massachusetts, April 25, 
1720, died at Marblehead, Massachusetts, No- 
vember 24, 1799, aged eighty }-ears ; married 
first, August 13, 1741, Elizabeth .Marion, born 
.September 22, 1721, daughter of Joseph and 
Elinor (Bridge) Marion, of Boston; married 
second, April 11, 1747, Joanna Appleton, bap- 
tized .November 17, 1717, died July i6, 1775, 
daughter of Major Isaac and Priscilla (Baker) 
.Appleton, of Ipswich, Massachusetts ; married 
third, February 29, 1776. .\bigail Marshall. 
William Story was deputy-register of the court 
of vice-admiralty at Boston. Children by first 
wife; I. Ellen, 'born May 8, 1742. 2. Elisha. 
born December 3, 1743: see forward. 3. Eliz- 
abeth, born September 9, 1745. Children by 
second wife; 4. William, born ^Nlarch 17. 
1747-8. 5. Isaac, born September 9, 1749, died 
at Marblehead, October 23, 1816, aged sixty- 


seven years: married, December 19, 1771. Re- 
becca Bradstreet, of Alarblehead; he was pas- 
tor of the L'nitarian church in Alarblehead. and 
his father-in-law was his predecessor. 6. John, 
born August 6, 1754. 7. Sarah, born July 28, 
1756. 8. Ebenezer, born August 7, 1757. 9. 
Daniel, died at Marietta, Ohio, December 30, 
1804, pastor of church there ; graduate of Dart- 
mouth College. 

(Ill) Doctor Elisha Story, son of William 
Story (2), born at Boston, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 3, 1743. died at Marblehead, Massachu- 
setts, August 27, 1805, aged sixty-two years; 
married first ( published at Boston, May 14, 
17(17), Ruth Ruddock, born at Boston. ^'larcli 
5. 1745-6, died at Alarblehead, ]\Iarch 21, 1778, 
aged thirty-two years, daughter of John and 
Tabitha (Drinker) Ruddock, of Boston: mar- 
ried second, November 29, 1778, Mehitable 
Pedrick, baptized June 4, 1758, died at Boston, 
1847, daughter of John and Alehitable (Stacy) 
Pedrick, of ]\Iarblehead, He was a pupil of 
John Lovell at the Boston Latin School, and 
later studied medicine. In 1774 he removed to 
Maiden, Massachusetts, with his family, and 
took an active part in the affairs of the town, 
and was a member of the committee of corre- 
spondence there in 1775- 1776, and later re- 
moved with his family to Marblehead. He was 
a surgeon in Colonel Little's regiment in the 
Revolutionary War. He was present at the 
battle of Lexington and at Bunker Hill, was in 
the campaign around New York and at battles 
of White Plains and Trenton. Early in his life 
he had joined the Sons of Liberty, and was one 
of the members of the Boston Tea Party. He 
is notable as the father of eighteen children, 
seven bv his first wife, of whom we only find 
the names of five, and eleven by second wife. 
Children by first wife: i. John. 2. Tabitha, 
married November 4, 1792, Nathaniel King 
Devereux, of Marblehead. 3. Abiel, died De- 
cember 12, 1829: married, February 2, 1799, 
Huldah Clough, of Marblehead. 4. Elisha. 5. 
W'illiam, married, August 6, 1797, Betsey Pat- 
ten, of Marblehead. Children by second wife : 
fi. Joseph, born September 18, 1779; see for- 
ward. 7. Isaac, baptized March 2, 1783. 8. 
Betsey, baptized December 5, 1784; married, 
January 19, 1808, Captain Joseph WHiite, of 
Salem. 9. Charlotte, baptized October 19, 1788: 
married, October 25, 1810, John Forrester, of 
Salem. 10. Caroline, baptized October 31, 1790, 
II. Hoace Cullen, baptized November 4, 1792, 
died at New Orleans, Louisiana, 1823. 12. 
Franklin Howard, baptized IMarch 22, 1795. 
13. Frederick \\'ashington Chatham, baptized 

April 5, 1797. 14. Eloisa Adaline, baptized 
October 20, 1799: married, February 20, 1820, 
John Tucker Mansfield, of Salem. 15. Hitty, 
married, June 17, 1804, Captain William Petty-- 
place, of Marblehead. 16. Harriet, married, 
August 9, 1808, Captain Stephen White, of 

f I\' ) Judge Joseph Story, son of Dr. Elisha 
Story ( 3 ), born at Marblehead, Massachusetts, 
September 18, 1779, died at Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, September 10, 1845 ; married first, 
December 9, 1804, Mary Lynde Oliver, born at 
Marblehead, December 20, 1781, died at Salem, 
June 22, 1805, daughter of Rev. Thomas Fitch 
and Sarah ( Pynchon ) Oliver, of Marblehead ; 
married second, at Boston, August 28, 1808, 
Sarah Wetmore, born at Salem, Massachusetts, 
Mav 24, 1784, died at Boston, Massachusetts, 
August 22, 1855, daughter of William and 
Sarah (Waldo) Wetmore. Children, all by 
second wife: i. Caroline, born June, 1810, 
died February 28, 1811. 2. Joseph, born June, 
1811, died October 19, 1815, 3, Caroline Wet- 
more, born April 4, 1813, died April i, 1819, 
4. Mary, born April 9, 1814, died March 28, 
18 1 5. 5. IMary Oliver, born IMarch 10, 1817, 
died April 28", 1848. 6. ^\111iam Wetmore, 
born February 19, 1819, died at \^allambrosa, 
Italy, October 7, 1895: married, October 31, , 
1843, Emelyn Eldridge, of Boston. 7. Louisa, 
born, May, 1821, died May 10, 1831. 


Dr. Edward Augustus Holyoke, a physician 
of Salem, was born in IMarblehead, August i, 
(old stvle, eighteenth century : new style, Aur 
gust 12), 1728, and died in Salem, March 31, 
1829, in his one hundred and first year. His 
funeral took place .-\pril 4 following, at the 
North Church, and the Rev. John Brazier de- 
livered an appropriate and interestingdiscourse. 

He was noted for his various excellencies, 
as well as for his longevity. His father was a 
president of Harvard College, and the son was 
a graduate of that college in 1746. Lie was a 
diarist, and preserved in handwriting many 
interesting things regarding the customs and 
peculiarities of a very early generation. His 
record is also valuable as an account of the 
weather. He recorded the fact that in 1732 
"verv broad-brimmed hats were worn :" his 
father had a beaver whose brims were at least 
seven inches : they were all cocked triangularly. 
Pulling them ofif. by way of salutation, was 
the invariable fashion of all who had any 
breeding. In 1748 he notes the fact of a deep 
snow. In 1738, "square-toed shoes were going 


out of fashion." He began practice in 1749. 
In 1755 he gives an account of the notable 
earthquake of November 18. In 1757. he 
records the event of "very cold weather." He 
had a case of "spotted fever" in his charge, 
1761. In 1768 he records, "Points put up;" 
referring to early lightning rods. In 1783 he 
was elected a ruling elder of the North Church. 
In 1788 he received information from Dr. 
Priestly about the manufacture of saleratus. 

He remembered a temporary monument to 
Lady Arbella Johnson, who deceased in 1630, 
which once stood in a later neglected cemeterv 
in Salem. In 1801 he was interested in the 
new enterprise of building a turnpike. In 1827 
President Adams (ex-President John O. 
Adams) visited him. In 1828 the centennial of 
the event of his birth was observed in Salem, 
on August 13. by about fifty physicians, who 
had a public dinner in his honor, of which one 
has said : "Though one hundred years old he 
appeared among them with a firm step and a 
cheerful look;'" and "the compliment (so 
intended for him) was richly deserved." 

In conclusion it may be remarked that he 
was the son of President Edward Holyoke, of 
Harvard College. He was the first person on 
whom the degree of doctor of medicine was 
conferred by that eollege, and he afterwards 
received the degree of doctor of laws. He 
was the first president of the Massachusetts 
Medical Society, ameng the original members 
of the American Academy of Arts and Sci- 
ences, and at one time its president. He was 
at the time of his death the president of the 
Salem Athenaeum, the Essex Historical Soci- 
ety, of the Salem Savings Bank, and of the 
Salem Dispensary. 

He was still so vigorous on his one hundredth 
birthday that when the morning came he rose, 
dressed, shaved himself without assistance, 
and walked to the Essex House, where the 
dinner was given. He published many medical 
articles in the reviews of his profession, and 
scientific papers in the "Memoirs of the Amer- 
ican Academy of Arts and Sciences." "He 
possessed great repose of body and spirit, and 
that balance of powers which usually attends 
longevity." — (G. B. Loring.) 

Ancestry. — Edward Holyoke (i), formerly 
of Tamworth, Warwickshire, England, died at 
Rumney iMarsh, Boston, Massachusetts, May 
4, 1660; married June 18, 1612. Prudence 
Stockton, daughter of Rev. John Stockton, 
rector of Kinkolt, in Leicestershire, England. 
Children: i. Elizabeth, married George Kezar, 
of Salem, Massachusetts. 2. Anne, married 

October 17. 1643, Thomas Putnam, of Salem, 
Massachusetts. 3. John, died in England, 
Alarch 5, 1635-6. unmarried. 4. Elizur; see 
forward. 5. Sarah, married Andres, of Salem, 
jNIassachusetts. 6. Mary, married February 
10, 1646, John Tuttle, of Rumney Marsh, Bos'- 
ton, Massachusetts. 7. Susanna, married 

Martyn. 8. Edward, died in England. 

December 20, 163 1, aged thirteen vears. 

(II) Captain Elizur Holyoke,' son of Ed- 
ward Holyoke (i), born at Tamworth, War- 
wickshire, England, died at Springfield, Mass- 
achusetts. February 6, 1676; married first, No- 
vember 20, 1640, Mary Pynchon, died October 
20, 1657, daughter of William Pynchon, of 
Roxbury and Springfield, Massachusetts ; mar- 
ried second, 1658. Mrs. Editha (Stebbins- 
Day) iVIaynard, of Hartford, Connecticut. He 
was one of the most distinguished inhabitants 
of Springfield, whence he removed from Lynn ; 
recorder of all the courts of the new county of 
Hampshire, captain of the military company, 
member of the general court, and the one from 
whom Mount Holyoke, on the north of 
Springfield, was named. Children: i. John, 
born August 27, 1641, died October 8, 1641. 2. 
John, born September 5, 1642, died February 
6, 1711-12, unmarried. 3. Hannah, born June 
9, 1644, died February i, 1677; married Sam- 
uel Talcott, of Weathersfield, Connecticut. 4. 
Child, born May 21, 1646, died same day. 5. 
Samuel, born June 9, 1647, died October 31, 
1676. 6. Edward, born August 8, 1649, died 
June 16, 1708. 7. Elizur, born October 13, 
165 1 : see forward. 8. Mary, born November 
14, 1656, died January 14, 1678; married Feb- 
ruary 5, 1676-7, James Russell, Esq., of 
Charlestown, Massachusetts. 

(III) Elizur Holyoke, son of Captain Elizur 
Holyoke (2), born at Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, October 13, 1651, died August 11, 1711; 
married January 2, 1677, Mary Eliot, born 
October 6, 1655, daughter of Jacob and Mary 
(Powell-Wilcox) Eliot, of Boston, Massachu- 
setts. Fie went to Boston, became a brazier; 
was a man of influence and wealth, and was 
one of the founders of the old South Church. 
Children: i. Elizur, born March 28, 1679, 
died February, 1701. 2. Edward, born Sep- 
tember 30, 1680, died November 30, 1680. 3. 
Mary, born September i, 1681, married Sep- 
tember 17, 1713. William Arnold, of Boston, 
Alassachusetts. 4. John, born February 10, 
1683, married January 9, 1727, Mrs. Joanna 
(Green) Walker. 5. Hannah, born October 
12. 1685. died September 4, 1686. 6. Hannah, 
born February 15, 1686-7; married first, Jan- 


nary 2"], 1720. Captain John Charnock, of Bos- 
t(jn. Massachusetts ; married second, intention 
dated Xovember 9. 1727, Theophilus Burril. of 
Lynn, Massachusetts. 7. Edward, born June 
2^, 1689; see forward. 8. Samuel, born June 
2^. 1689, drowned March. 1692. 9. Samuel, 
born ]\Iarch 21. 1693. died March 16, 1768; 
married January 14, 1724, Elizabeth Brigham. 
of Boston, Massachusetts. 10. Sarah, born 
February 2, 1695, died September 6, 1755 ; 
married April 3, 1723. John Eliot, of Boston, 
Massachusetts. 11. Jacob, born November 6, 
1697. died September 19, 1768; married 
August 13, 1730, Susanna Martin, of Boston, 

(IV) Reverend Edward Holyoke, son of 
Elizur Holyoke (3), born at Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, June 25, 1689, died June i. 1769; 
married first, August 8, 1717, Elizabeth 
ISrowne. baptized February 21, 1691-2, died 
August 15, 1719. daughter of Captain John 
and Elizabeth (Legg) Browne, of Marblehead, 
Massachusetts: married second, August 16, 
1725, [Margaret Appleton, born March 19, 
1701, died June 25, 1740, daughter of John and 
Elizabeth (Rogers) Appleton, of Ipswich, 
Massachusetts: married third, March 17, 1742, 

Mrs. ;\Iary ( ) Epes, widow of Samuel 

Epes, of Ipswich, Massachusetts; she died 
March 2},, 1790. ae. 92 years. He was presi- 
dent of Harvard College, 1737. until his death. 
Ordained minister at Alarblehead, April 25, 
1716. Children by first wife: i. Elizabeth, 
born June 22, 17 18, died July 5, 1718. 2. Eliz- 
abeth, born May 20, 1719, died January 2, 
1720. Children by second wife: 3. Margaret, 
born September 22. 1726, died December 21. 
1792; married, intention May 28, 1750, John 
Mascarene. 4. Edward Augustus, born August 
I, 1728: see forward. 5. Mary, born April 30. 
1730. died October i, 1741. 6. Elizabeth, born 
April 25, 1732, died September 15, 1821 : mar- 
ried William Kneeland. 7. John, born Febru- 
ary 18, 1734. died December 30, 1753. H. C. 
1 75 1. 8. Anna, born November 26, 1735. died 
March 28, 1812; married 1762, Samuel Cutts, 
of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 9. ^\'illiam, 
born 1737, died June 25, 1740. 10. Priscilla. 
born July 29, 1739, died March 29, 1782: mar- 
ried Rev. Eliphalet Pearson, D. D. Child by 
third wife: 11. Mary, born December 12, 
1742. died November 13, 1753. 

( V ) Edward Augustus Holyoke, son of 
Reverend Edward Holyoke (4). born at Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, August i, 1728. died at 
Salem, Massachusetts. March 31, 1829. He 
married first. June I, 1755. Judith Pickman, 

died November 19, 1756, daughter of Ben- 
jamin Pickman: married second, November 
22, 1759, Mary \'ial, born December 19, 1737, 
died April 15, 1802, daughter of Nathaniel and 
Mary (Simpson) Vial, of Boston. Child by 
first wife: i. Judith, born October, died 
November, 1756. Children by second wife : 2. 
]\Iary, born September 14, 1760, died January 
13, 1764. 3. Margaret, born March 4, 1763, 
died January 25. 1825. 4. Mary, born January 
9, 1765, died October 31, 1765. 5. Edward 
Augustus, born August 12, 1765, died Novem- 
ber 3, 1766. 6. Mary, born September 5, 1767, 
died September 9, 1767. 7. Anna, born Octo- 
ber 12, 1768, died October 31, 1768. 8. Son, 
born ]\Iay 17, 1770, died IMay 21, 1770. 9. 
Elizabeth, born September 11, 1771, died 
March 26, 1789. 10. Judith, born January 20, 
1774, died February 5, 1841 : married, inten- 
tion dated, C)ctober 13, 1795, William Turner. 
II. Henrietta, born December 5, 1776, died 
December 27, 1776. 12. Susanna, born April 
21. 1779, died February 5, i860; married 
August 7, 1799, Joshua Ward., of Salem. 13. 
Edward Augustus, born March 8, 1782, died 
October, 1782. 


Caleb Cushing, of Newburyport, was born 
in Salisbury, ^Massachusetts, January 17, 1800, 
and died in Newburyport. January 2. 1879. 

[Mr. Cushing graduated in 1817 at Harvard 
College, where he was a tutor 1820-21. He 
was admitted to the bar in 1822. He began the 
practice of the law in Newburyport : was a 
representative in the jMassachnsetts legislature 
in i825,-'26,_-"33,-'34.-'50,-_"58,-"59: and a rep- 
resentative in congress from 1835 to 1843. 
From 1843 to 1845 'i^ ^"^'^s United States min- 
ister to China, where he negotiated the famous 
treaty with the nation : from 1852 to 1853 he 
was judge of the supreme judicial court of 
[Massachusetts : and from 1853 to 1857 attor- 
ney-general of the United States. In 1873 he 
was counsel for the United States before the 
Geneva arbitration. From 1874- 1877 he was 
Minister to Spain. On the 15th day of Jan- 
uar\', 1847. he was commissioned colonel of 
the Massachusetts regiment, and led it to Mex- 
ico. While serving there. April 14. 1847, '^^ 
was made brigadier-general, and held the office 
through the war till July 20, 1848. He was 
the first mayor of Newburyport, 1851-52. 

He was the author of "History of Newbury- 
port," 1826: "Principles of Political Econ- 
omy." 1826: "Reminiscences of Spain," 1833: 
"Review of the Late Revolution in France," 


1833; "Life of William H. Harrison." 1S40; 
"The Treaty of Washington." 1873 ■ ^"d num- 
erous orations and speeches and other works. 
His wife. Caroline \\'. Gushing, was author of 
"Letters on Public Monuments, Manners, etc., 
in France and Spain." two volumes, 1832. 

Mr. Gushing married. November 23. 1824. 
Garoline Elizabeth, daughter of the Hon. 
Samuel S. Wilde, judge of the supreme court 
of Massachtisetts. She was born April 26, 
1S02, and died without issue, August 28, 1832. 

In his death his native state and the nation 
lost a man who for more than half a century 
was distinguished for his learning and elo- 
" quence. As legislator and diplomatist and man 
of letters, he contributed largely to the liter- 
ature of his time. He was noted for his con- 
versational powers and forensic talents ; and 
the knowledge of modern languages ; and 
probably "no other man in this country, with 
the exception of John Oiiincy Adams, ever 
brought so much real knowledge to the trans- 
action of business, while his versatility and 
readiness were equal to his attainments." 

.Another estimate of his character by a local 
biographical writer will be read with interest in 
connection with the above notice, since in it a 
very pertinent account is given of the peculiar 
nature of his attainments. He was one, it 
says, who in his varied acquirements and 
duties made himself easily the leader in this 
respect in the place of his birth and residence, 
which from the first was a town, whose sons. 
daughters and citizens were eminent in letters 
and active life as statesmen, orators, poets, 
jurists, clergymen, inventors, and merchants. 
It was one of the least of Massachusetts cities 
in territory and population, and Cushing's 
career from its beginning to its close presented 
so many sides and angles, so many lights and 
shadows, so much skill and genius, that it has 
been compared to the geometrical figure called 
a polygon : and he in deeds and words througli 
a long life and under varied circumstances 
verified the adage, not always true as a general 
rule. that he was great in everything — a scholar 
of lofty attainments; an author and an orator 
equally expert with pen or voice ; a lawyer, 
profound on the bench, attractive at the bar, 
and celebrated as a minister of justice; as 
attorney-general for the country uttering opin- 
ions which nations were bound to respect ; the 
contemporary of Webster, John Quincy 
Adams and Gharles Sumner, and by many 
regarded as their compeer ; a diplomatist of 
high rank — before the Geneva tribunal to arbi- 
trate the Alabama claims, no matter where he 

was placed, or what he was to do. he was equal 
to the occasion. 

\\'e must omit here the account of his early 
life; must say only, in passing, that he sur- 
prised the King of Spain by his facility in 
speaking the Spanish language ; that he spent 
months in the practice of the pronunciation of 
foreign tongues, in order that he might be per- 
fect ; that he entered the army actively engaged 
in the war with Mexico, under a wave of un- 
popularity on the part of his Northern fellow- 
citizens, but this he lived down; that he 
believed in the extension of the natural bound- 
ary of the United States to the Pacific Ocean, 
at a time when that idea was new. He has 
been called a living encyclopedia ; travel and 
intercourse had made him familiar with facts 
of a very extensive range. It is also said of 
him that he astonished foreigners by his 
knowledge of their language. His knowledge 
of books and their contents was extraordinary. 
He read Webster's Unabridged Dictionary 
through when it first appeared, marked the 
errors and mistakes, and this as a labor of 
love. He read, on one occasion to inform him- 
self, fifty-seven volumes of Massachusetts 
Law Reports ; and this he finished in nineteen 
consecutive days. These statements illustrate 
to some extent the amount of labor of which 
he was capable, and his energy in fitting him- 
self for his duties, legal or secular. 

AxcESTRV. — Matthew Gushing (i), son of 
Peter and Susan (Howes) Gushing, baptized 
at Hardingham, county Norfolk, England, 
March 2, 1589, died at Hingham, Massachu- 
setts, September 30, 1660, married August 5, 
1613, Nazareth Pitcher, baptized October 30, 
1586. died at Hingham, Massachusetts, Janu- 
ary 6, 1682. daughter of Henry Pitcher. For 
the first fifty years of his life his home was at 
Hardingham and Hingham, county Norfolk, 
England, and in 1638 he emigrated with his 
family to New England and settled at Hing- 
ham, where he was prominently engaged in the 
public afi^airs of the town and a deacon in the 
church. The regular Gushing genealogy traces 
the family back to the fourteenth century, and 
mentions it as an armorial family. Ghildren, 
all born in England: I. Daniel, baptized April 
20. 1 61 9. died at Hingham, December 3, 1700, 
married first. January 19, 1645, Lydia Gilman, 
who died March 12, 1689; married second, 
Mrs. Elizabeth (Jacob) Thaxter, who died 
November 24. 1725. 2. Jeremiah, baptizefi 
July, 1621. lost at sea. sea captain, married 
^larch II. 1662. Mrs. Elizabeth Wilkie. 3. 
Matthew, baptized April 5, 1623, died January 


9, 1 701, married February 25. 1653, Sarah 
Jacob of Hingham. 4. Deborah, baptized Feb- 
ruary 17, 1625, died September 25. 1700, mar- 
ried May g, 1648. Matthias Briggs, of Hing- 
haui. 5. John, born 1627, see forward. 

(IF) Honorable John Gushing, son of Mat- 
thew Gushing ( i ), born in England, 1627, died 
at Scituate, Massachusetts, March 31. 1708, 
married at Hingham, Massachusetts, January 
20, 1658, Sarah Hawke. baptized at Hingham, 
]\Iassachusetts, August i, 1641, died at Scitu- 
ate, Massachusetts, March 9, 1679, daughter of 
Matthew and Margaret Hawke. He was a 
selectman ; county magistrate ; an assistant in 
the Old Golony of Plymouth, 1689 to 1691 ; 
representative to the general court at Boston, 
1692, and for several following years ; member 
of the council, 1706-1707; and colonel of the 
Plymouth Gounty regiment. Ghildren, except 
tirst, born at Scituate: i. John, born at Hing- 
ham, April 28, 1662, died at Scituate, January 
19, 1737, married first, May 20, 1668, Deborah 
Loring, of Hull, who died June 8, 1713, mar- 
ried second, March 18, 1714, Mrs. Sarah 
(Thaxter) Holmes. 2. Thomas, born Decem- 
ber 26, 1663, died at Boston, Massachusetts, 
October 3, 1740, married first Deborah Thax- 
ter, of Hingham, who died February 16, 1712, 
married second, December 18, 1712, Mrs. 
iNIercy (Wensley) Brigham, who died April, 
1746. 3. Matthew, born February, 1665, died 
May 18, 1715: married, at Hingham, De- 
cember 27, 1694, Deborah Jacob, who married 
second, September 13, 1726, Benjamin Loring, 
of Hull, Massachusetts, and died November 
30. 1755. 4- Jeremiah, born July 13, 1666, 
died May 30, 1710, married April 12, 1693, 
Judith Parmenter. 5. James, born January 27, 
1668, married first, January 18, 171 1, Sarah 
House, who died May 2, 1712, married second, 
December 10, 171 3, Mary Barrel!. 6. Joshua, 
born August 27, 1670, died at Pembroke, 
Massachusetts, May 26, 1750, married May 31, 
1699, Mary Bacon, of Marshfield, jMassachu- 
setts. 7. Sarah, born August 26, 1671, died 
August 8, 1 701, married at Scituate, Decem- 
ber, 1689, David Jacob, who died February 10, 
1748. 8. Galeb, "born January, 1673, see for- 
ward. 9. Deborah, born 1674, baptized Octo- 
ber 4, 1675, died October 18, 1770, married 
first, April 19, 1699, Lieutenant Thomas 
Loring, who died at Duxbury, Massachusetts, 
December 5, 1717, and married second, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1727, Sylvester Richmond, Esquire, 
of Little Gompton, Massachusetts, now Rhode 
Island. 10. Mary, born August 30, 1676, died 
March, 1698, unmarried. 11. Joseph, born 

September zt,. 1677, married January I, 171 1, 
]\Iary G. Pickels, who died November 30, 171 1. 
12. Benjamin, born February 4, 1679, of Bar- 
badoes, 1702. 

(III) Rev. Galeb Gushing, son of Hon. 
John Gushing ( 2 ) , born at Scituate, Massa- 
chusetts, January, 1673, baptized May 11, 
1673, died at Salisbury, Massachusetts, Janu- 
ary 25, 1752, married March 14, 1698, Mrs. 
Elizabeth (Gotton) Ailing, daughter of Rev. 
John and Joanna (Rossiter) Gotton, of Ply- 
mouth, iMassachusetts, and widow of Rev. 
James Ailing, of Salisbury, Massachusetts. 
He was the fourth pastor of the first Salisbury 
church, ordained November 9, 1698. (FI. G. 
1692.) Ghildren: i. Galeb, born October 10, 
1703, see forward. 2. Rev. James, (H. C. 
1725) born November 25, 1705, died -Alay 13, 
1764, married October 16, 1730, Anna ^^'ain- 
wright, who died Februar}' 12, 1810, 99 years. 
Resided at Plaistow, New Hampshire. 3. Rev. 
John (H. G. 1729), born April 10, 1709, died 
at Boxford, Massachusetts, January 25, 1772, 
married April 8, 1734, Elizabeth Martin, of 
Boston, Massachtisetts, who died at Durham, 
Maine, October 18, 1789. Resided at Boxford, 

(IV) Honorable Galeb Gtishing, son of 
Rev. Galeb Gushing (3), born at Salisbury, 
Massachusetts, October 10, 1703, married No- 
vember 12, 1730, Mary Newmarch, daughter 

of Rev. John and Mary ( ) (Hunking) 

Newmarch, of Kittery, Maine. He was a 
magistrate in Salisbury for upwards of fifty 
years ; for a long time judge for the county of 
Essex ; and for twenty-seven years represen- 
tative to the general court. He was also a 
deacon of the church, colonel of Essex county 
regiment, from which in 1756 men were 
enlisted for the expedition against the French 
at Crown Point. He was a member of the 
Governor's council, 1771-1774; chief justice of 
the court of common pleas, delegate in 1778 to 
the constitutional convention, and served in the 
provincial congress. Ghildren born in .Salis- 
bury: I. Benjamin, born January 20, 1739, 
see forward. 2. Galeb, baptized September 23, 
1750, died immarried. 

(\'') Benjamin Gushing, son of Hon. Galeb 
Gushing (4), born at Salisbury, Massachu- 
setts, baptized there, January 20, 1739, married 
December 17, 1767, Hannah Haseltine, born at 
Haverhill, Massachusetts, December 12, 1732, 
daughter of Nathaniel and Abigail (Tcnney) 
Haseltine. He resided at Salisbury and later 
removed to Newburyport. Ghildren, all except 
first, born at Salisbury: i. Hannah, born at 


Haverhill. New Hamjishirc, March 30. 1769. 
died young. 2. Caleb, born May 21. 1770. died 
at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, December 4, 
1820, married December 14. 1793, Margaret 
Hoover, of Philadelphia. Pennsylvania, who 
died July 18. 1847. 3. Mary, born May 11. 
1772, died young. 4. Benjamin, born June 21, 
1776, died young. 5. John Newmarch. born 
May 18, 1779, see forward. 6. Nathaniel, born 
July 29, 1782. died at sea. 7. Mary, born 
March 22, 1789, died June 13, 1836, married 
Benjamin Bodily. 

{Vl) John Newmarch Gushing, son of Ben- 
jamin Gushing (5), born at Salisbury, Massa- 
chusetts, May 18, 1779. died at Newburyport. 
Massachusetts, January 5, 1849, married first. 
April I, 1799, Lydia Dow, of Salisbury, died 
November 6, 1810. married second. Elizabeth 
Johnson, daughter of Nicholas Johnson, of 
Newburyport. ]\Iassachusetts : shipmaster, 
shipowner, and merchant. Children by first 
wife: I. Galeb. born January 17. 1800. see 
forward. 2. Lydia. born August 13, 1805, died 
April 21, 1851. Children by second wife: 3. 
Mary Ann, born March 4. 1816, died August 
31, 1 83 1. 4. Philip Johnson, born December 
II. 1818, died September 29, 1846. 5. John 
Xewmarch, born October 21. 1820, married, 
May 16. 1843. Mary Lawrence, who died 
August 2. 1898. 6. William, born August 10, 
1823, died October 16, 1875, married first, 
September 23, 1847, Sarah Moody Stone, of 
Newburyport, who died June 26, 1863 : mar- 
ried second. May 29, 1866, Ellen M. Holbrook. 
of Jamaica Plain. 7. Sarah Chickering. born 
August 10, 1823. died May 9. 1826. 8. Eliza- 
beth, born July 23, 1826. died September 19, 

(V'll) Honorable Caleb Cushing, son of 
John Newmarch Cushing (6), born at Salis- 
bury, Massachusetts, January 17, 1800, died 
January 2, 1879, married November 23, 1824, 
Caroline Elizabeth Wilde, born April 26, 1802, 
died August 28, 1832. daughter of Judge Sam- 
uel S. and Eunice (Cobb) \\'ilde. H. C. 


Whatever charm the career of Nathaniel 
Hawthorne may offer to the public as a master 
of romance in the field of literary art almost 
exclusively his own. it is conceded universally 
that the facts of his life olTer little opportunity 
for the biographer. L[e was a native of the 
old town of Salem, was born on Independence 
Day, July 4, 1804, and died at Plymouth, New 
Hampshire, May 18. 1864. One well known 

biographer considers that his work is therefore 
his record, and the procession of his ideas as 
successfully formed in the pages of his books 
are his only satisfactory and everlasting mon- 
ument. His character owes much to heredity. 
His ancestors were of the established Puritan 
stock in an ancient seaport town, and some of 
them as a matter of course were seafaring 
men. His early days were particularly un- 
eventful. His education was obtained at his 
birthplace and at Bowdoin College. Maine, 
where in 1825 he was graduated. Among his 
early instructors and his classmates were sev- 
eral distinguished men: Dr. Joseph E. Wor- 
cester, the lexicographer. John S. C. Abbott, 
George B. Cheever, Jonathan Cilley, Henry 
\\'adsworth Longfellow. President Franklin 
Pierce. Calvin Ellis Stowe. and others. In 
early life he lived with his mother in the 
woods of Raymond. Maine, for a period of 
one year, but after he left college he returned 
to Salem to live. For twelve years following he 
was a recluse, and read or wrote by night or 
day as suited his fancy. He published his first 
story at his own expense, and only a few 
hundred copies of this early production were 
sold. He did considerable stated work for 
various publications anonymously between 
1830 and 1836, but in 1837 he collected the 
first series of "Twice-Told Tales," followed in 
1845 by the second, both in 185 1 being re- 
issued together. After 1850 his works and his 
popularity increased. In 1850 his second 
novel. "The Scarlet Letter." was issued, and 
undoubtedly it is the best known and remark- 
able work of his wonderful genius. The anal- 
ysis of his writings and their titles is not the 
object of this article. As a distinguished 
writer has said, they all bear the mark in com- 
mon of being early products of the dry New 
England air : incorporating myths and mys- 
teries of old Massachusetts, including chapters 
of the fanciful, bathed in a misty moonshiny 
light, completely neglecting the usual sources 
of emotion. His most touching peculiarity 
was his aloofness ; he was outside of every- 
thing, an alien everywhere — on the surface — • 
the surface of the soul and the edge of the 
tragedy — he preferred to remain. 

His life is very briefly written. In 1839 he 
received through influential friends an appoint- 
ment to a small place in the Boston custom 
house. In 1841 he spent a few months in 
the Iirook Farm community. He was married 
in 1842. and lived at Concord till 1846. when 
he obtained a position in the Salem custom 
house, and returned there to live. He also 


^^/^-/-^ ^C<.c<.. ^^^^^ 


resided for two years at Lenox, Massachu- 
setts. In 1853 he was appointed consul to 
Liverpool, and he resided afterwards for about 
seven years in England, France and Italy. Fie 
returned. to the L^nited States in i860 and 
resided again at Concord. Early in the vear 
1864 his health began rapidly to fail, and in 
May, 1S64, he went with e.x-President Pierce 
to the White Mciuntains, and when thev 
reached Plymouth, New Hampshire, May 18, 
Hawthorne died in his sleep. 

The impressions of his contemporaries in 
Salem regarding him are interesting. He led 
among them a quiet and secluded life, charac- 
terized by shyness in school, and inconspicu- 
ousness in college. His earliest literary work 
was anonymous, and he was first supposed by 
his readers to be a woman, who possessed 
among other qualities, great delicacy of fancy. 
The volume of "Twice-Told Tales" first 
brought him a recognized position in the liter- 
ary world and an enthusiastic welcome. His 
various official positions were conferred solely 
for his merit as an author. The supernatural 
element in his work he allowed nothing to 
interfere with. His love for personal solitude 
was his ruling passion. He had no fondness 
for social pleasures, and never entered into 

"These our actors. 
As I foretolf] you. were aU spirits, and 
Are melted into air, into thin air: 
And, like the baseless fabric of this vision. 
The cloud-capped towers, the gorg:eous palaces, 
The solemn temples, the great globe itself. 
Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve. 
And. like this insubstantial pageant faded. 
Leave not a rack behind." 

Ancestry. — William Hathorne (i). of 
Salem, Massachusetts, was a son of William 
and Sara Hathorn of Binfield, Berkshire, Eng- 
land ; he was born about 1607, died at Salem, 
Massachusetts, 1681, in his seventy-fourth 
year; wife Anne. He came to this country 
with the ^^'inthrop company in 1630, and set- 
tled first at Dorchester, where he appears 
prominentl}- until 1636, when he removed to 
Salem. He was for many years a deputy, was 
elected speaker a number of times, and elected 
assistant from 1662 to 1679. He was one of 
the most able, energetic, and widely influential 
men in Mew England in his day ; was commis- 
sioned captain in 1646, and major before 1656. 
His will dated February 17, 1679-80, probated 
June 28, 1681, mentions Ann as sole executrix ; 
names \\'illiam and Samuel and Abigail, chil- 
dren of his son Eleazer Hathorne, late deceas- 

ed ; his son John, of Salem: his son William, 
who was then latel\' deceased, to whom he con- 
firms a bequest to \\'illiam's widow Sarah ; his 
grandchild Jervice Helwyde. then in Europe ; 
his daughter Sarah Coaker's two eldest sons 
by her husband Coaker. the remainder of his 
grandchildren: his son-in-law, Israel Porter, 
was also mentioned. Children:!. A daughter. 

married Helwise. 2. Sarah, born March 

II. 1634-5. died February 8, 1688: married 
.April 13, 1665. Joseph Coker, of Newbury, 
^lassachusetts, 3, Eleazer, born August i. 
1637, married August 28, 1663, Abigail 
Curwen. 4. Nathaniel, born August 11, 1639. 

5. John, born August 5. 1641, see forward. 6. 
Anna, born December 12, 1643, married Janu- 
ary 2"] . 1664-5. Joseph Porter, of Salem, who 
died December 12. 1714. 7, William, born 
.-\pril I, 1643, died Jul\' 14, 1676: married 
Sarah Ruck, who married second. Rev. George 
Puirroughs, of Salem. 8. Elizabeth, born July 
3. 1649, married November 20, 1672, Israel 
Porter, of Salem, who died November. 1706. 

( II ) Colonel John Hathorn, son of Captain 
William Hathorn (i), born at Salem, Massa- 
chusetts, August 5, 1641, died May 10, 1717. 
aged seventy-six years ; married March 22. 
1674-5. Ruth Gardner, baptized April 2, 1665, 
daughter of Lieutenant George and Elizabeth 
Gardner, of Salem. He was distinguished both 
in civil and military aft'airs: a captain in the 
war with the eastern Indians, colonel of a reg- 
iment, and chief commander of a military 
expedition in 1696; deputy, 1683; assistant, 
with one brief exception, from 1684 to 171 1; 
judge, etc. Children: i. John, born January 
10. 1675. 2. Nathaniel, born November 25. 

1678, died before 1712. married Sarah : 

he removed to Gosport. England. His_ widow 
married second. Nathaniel Satall of Gosport. 
England. 3. Ebenezer, of London, England. 
1726. 4. Joseph, baptized June, 1691 : see for- 
ward. 5! Ruth, baptized September. 1694. 
married James Putnam: died at Danvers. Feb- 
ruary 20, 1769, in the 75th year of her age. 

6. lienjamin. 

(III) Joseph Hathorne, .son of John Hat- 
horne (2), born at Salem. Massachusetts, bap- 
tized June, 1691, died 1762: married June 30, 
1715, Sarah Bowditch, born January 10. 
1695-6, died March, 1761, daughter of Captain 
Wifliam and Mary (Gardner) Bowditch, of 
Salem. Children: i. William, born February 
20, 1715-16, married ]vlarch 29, 1741, Mary. 
Touzell. 2. Joseph, baptized May 4, 1718. 3. 
John, baptized May 22, 1719, died February 6. 
"1750; married Susanna Tousell, 4. Sarah, 


baptized Jnne 2"]. 17^2, married Daniel 
Cheever, of Salem. 3. Ebenezer, baptized De- 
cember 26. 1725. 6. Daniel, see forward. 7. 
Ruth, died June. 1801. married September 30. 
1762. Captain David Ropes, of Salem, who 
died May 2&, 1782. 

(I\^) Daniel Hathorne, son of Joseph Hat- 
horne (3), born at Salem, ^Massachusetts, died 
1795; married October 21, 1756, Rachel 
Phelps, born June i, 1734. daughter of Jona- 
than and Judith (Cox) Phelps, of Beverly. 
Children : i. Rachel, bom July 25, 1757, mar- 
ried Simon Forrester. 2. Daniel, born June 
-.V 1759- ^1'*?'^ March 13. 1763. 3. Sarah, born 
Mav II, 1763, married John Crowninshield. 4. 
Eunice, born October 4, 1766, married Febru- 
ary 5. 1788, Aaron Porter, who died at Dan- 
vers, Massachusetts, December 3, 1843. 5- 
Daniel, born July 25. 1768, died at sea, 1805, 
unmarried: 6. Judith, born April 17, 1770, 
married ]\Iarch 2, 1792, George Archer. 7. 
Nathaniel, born Alay 19. 1775, see forward. 8. 
Ruth, born January 20, 1778. 

(A) Captain Nathaniel Hathorne. son of 
Daniel Hathorne (4), born at Salem, ]Massa- 
chusetts, Alay 19, 1775, died at Surinam, 1808: 
married Elizabeth Clark Manning, born Sep- 
tember 6, 1780, died Jul}- 31. 1849. daughter of 
Richard and Miriam (Lord) Manning, of 
Ipswich. Children: I. Elizabeth }ilanning, born 
March 7. 1802. 2. Nathaniel, born July 4. 
1804, see forward. 3. Maria Louisa, born Jan- 
uary 9, 1808, lost in steamer "Henry Clay,'' 
burned on the Hudson river, July 2"], 1852. 

(\'I) Nathaniel Hawthorne, son of Captain 
Nathaniel Hathorne (5). born at Salem, jNIass- 
achusetts, July 4, 1804. died at Plymouth, New 
Hampshire, May 19. 1864; married at Salem, 
July 9, 1842, Sophia Amelia Peabody. born 
.September 21, 1809, died at London, England, 
P'ebruary 26, 1871, daughter of Dr. Nathaniel 
and Elizabeth (Palmer) Peabody, of Salem 
and Boston, Massachusetts. Children: i. 
Cna, born at Concord, Massachusetts, ^Nlarch 
3, 1844, died in England. 1887, unmarried. 2. 
Julian, born at Boston, ^Massachusetts, June 
22. 1846. 3. Rose, born at Lenox, Massachu- 
setts, May, 1850, married George Parsons 


John Greenleaf Whittier, of Amesbury, 
Massachusetts, was born in Haverhill, Massa- 
chusetts. December 17. 1807. and died m 
ilamjiton Falls. New Hampshire, September 
7, i8i,>2. lie was descended from Thomas 

\\'hittier (or Whittle) of Salisbury, Newbury, 
and Haverhill, Massachusetts, through Joseph 
2, Joseph 3, and John 4 Whittier, his father, 
who married Abigail Hussey, daughter of 
Joseph Hussey, of Somersworth, New Hamp- 

He was a famous American poet. "A Quaker 
in religion, he was remarkable for his consist- 
ency and the purity of his life; he was one of 
the earliest and most influential Abolitionists, 
several times mobbed for his opinions. He 
was at different periods editor of several jour- 
nals, among them (1838-40) the Pennsylvania 
Fruinan. an Abolition publication, and the 
leading contributor to the U'asliington National 
Era, 1847-59. He was a member of the Mass- 
achusetts legislature, 1835-36, and one of the 
secretaries of the American Anti-Slavery Soci- 
etv. 1836. He took great interest in politics. 
His home, after 1840, was at Amesbury, Mass-_ 

Among his best-known poems are: "Skip- 
per Ireson's Ride," i860: "My Playmate," 
i860; "Barbara Frietchie," 1863; "Laus Deo," 
1865; "!\Iy Birthday." "Snowbound," 1866; 
"Maud ;\fuller," 1866; "The Tent on the 
Beach," 1867, and "The Eternal Goodness." 
"Perhaps no other of otu' poets, not even 
Longfellow, has so reached the popular heart." 
(Library of the World's Best Literature.) 

An estimate by a writer in the above work 
states : His work depends for its appreciation 
to an unusual degree on an understanding of 
his life and character. Others of his contem- 
poraries need little explanation. Whittier was 
born of simple farming folk ; his formal edu- 
cation was merely that of the district school 
and country academy and he had no experi- 
ence of foreign travel. He sprang from the 
soil of New England, and possessed to the full 
the virtues and defects of his ancestry and 
environment, and he represents, and with suc- 
cess, the most winning side of country life in 
his native district. Until he was twenty his 
educational advantages were very ordinary. 
He attended for a short time the Haverhill 
Academy. For a year he was employed in a 
Boston printing house, and there edited a 
paper. For another year he was editor of a 
journal in Hartford. The papers with which 
he was connected were not those of the gen- 
eral sort, but were special publications devoted 
to such subjects as temperance and anti-slav- 
ery. With very few exceptions his days were 
spent in Essex County, and his early life, as 
well as his later, was free from affectation. 



and in the first of it full of effort and disci- 
pline, a life in which the outer world of cities 
was unrealized. 

The birthplace of Air. Whittier is standing 
in that part of Haverhill, which is near the 
boundary line of the present town of Merri- 
mac. Its antiquity, aside from its connection 
with the notable poet, is its principal attraction. 
The front of the house remains as originally 
built, with unimportant changes in the way of 
repairs. The house was built about the year 
1688, by Thomas Whittier, the ancestor who 
left England in 1638, at the age of eighteen, 
and settled in Salisbury about 1640, and 
thence removed to Haverhill in 1648, first 
li\ing in a log hut which he built and occupied 
until the erection of the house above men- 
tioned, which was about half a mile distant 
from his former residence. 

AxcE.STRY. — Thomas ^^^hittier ( i ), of Salis- 
bury and Haverhill, ^Massachusetts, born about 
1620 or 1622, died at Haverhill, November 28, 
1696; married Ruth Green (aUas Rolfe?) who 
died his widow, July, 1710. He was of Haver- 
hill in 1647. Among those who came with 
him to this country were his uncles John and 
Henry Rolfe, and a distant relative, Ruth 
Green, whom he afterwards married, and 
whose name appears in every subsequent gen- 
eration. Children: i. Mary, born October 9, 
1647, died July 29, 1698; married September 

21. 1666, Benjan>in Page, of Haverhill. 2. 
John, born December 23, 1649; married Jan- 
uary 14, 1685-6, Alary Hoyt, of Haverhill. 3. 
Ruth, born November 6, 1651, died December 
16, 1719; married April 20, 1675, Joseph True, 
of Salisbury. 4. Thomas, born January 12, 
1653-4. died October 17. 1728. 5. Susanna, 
born March 27. 1656. died February 15. 
1726-7; married July 15, 1674, Jacob Morrill, 
of Salisbury. 6. Nathaniel, born August 11, 
1658. died July 18. 1722 ; married first, August 
26. 1685. Mrs. Mary Osgood, \yho died May 
II, 1705; married second, June, 1710. widow 
Mary Ring, who died July 19, 1742. 7. Han- 
nah, born September 10, 1760; married May 
30. 1683. Edward Young. 8. Richard, born 
Jvuie 27, 1663, died March 3, 1725-6. 9. Eliz- 
abeth, born November 21, 1666: married June 

22. 1699, James Sanders. Jr.. of Amesbury. 
Massachusetts. 10. Joseph, born May 8, 1669, 
see forward. 

(H) Joseph Whittier, son of Thomas Whit- 
tier (i ), born in Massachusetts, May 8, 1669. 
died December 25, 1740: married May 24. 
1694. Mary Peasley. born July 14, 1672, 
daughter of Joseph and Ruth (Barnard) 

Peasley. For four generations nearly all of 
his descendants retained their connection more 
or less closely with the Society of Friends. 
Children: i. Elizabeth, born September 19. 
1695 : married November 24, 1721, Abner 
Chase. 2. Green, born March 13, 1696-7; mar- 
ried (published November 3. 1719) Hannah 
Chase. 3. Joseph, born April 2, 1699. died 
young. 4. Ruth, born July 31, 1701 ; married 
January I, 1722,3, Benjamin Greeley. 5. Rich- 
ard, born September 20, 1703. 6. Ebenezer, 
born December 29, 1704; married June 23, 
1730, Judith Willett. 7. Hannah, born June 2, 
1707, married November 25, 1725, Stephen 
Badger. 8. Susannah, born July 25, 1709; 
presumably married, j\Iay 8, 1734, Joseph 
W'eed, Jr. 9. Joseph, born March 21. 1716-17, 
see forward. 

(IH) Joseph \^"hittier, son of Joseph Whit- 
tier (2), born at Haverhill, Alassachusetts, 
Alarch 21, 1716-17, died October 10, 1796; 
married July 12, 1739, Sarah Greenleaf, born 
March 5. 1716, died at -Waverhill, Massachu- 
setts, March 17, 1807, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Judith (Coffin) Greenleaf, of Newbury, 
Massachusetts. He remained on the ancestral 
farm of his ancestors, which passed to the son 
John. Children: i. Stephen, born April 6, 
1740, died April 17, 1740. 2. Thomas, born 
July 29, 1742, died August 13, 1742. 3. Ruth, 
born December 26. 1743, died December 27, 
1743. 4. Obadiah, born January 22. 1745. died 
October 3, 1754. 5. Mary, born February 2, 
1747. died September 5, 1802, unmarried. 6. 
Joseph, born September 14. 1750, died Septem- 
ber 21, 1754. 7. Nathaniel, born July 13, 1753, 
died at Hollis. Maine. January, 1839, unmar- 
ried. 8. Joseph, born September 20. 1755, died 
February 20. 1833; married Mary Chas? . or 
Dcering. New Hampshire, who married 
second, 1835, Jonathan Taylor, of Biddeford. 

Maine, and married third, Hanson. 9. 

Obadiah, born September 2, 1758, died at 
Dover, New Hampshire. July 28, 1814; mar- 
ried December 17. 1786. Sarah Austin, of 
Dover. New Hampshire. 10. John, born No- 
vember 22. 1760; see forward. 11. Moses, 
born December 20. 1762, died January 2t,. 
1824. unmarried. 

ilV) John \Miitticr. son of Joseph Whit- 
tier (3). born at Haverhill. November 22. 
1760. died June 11. 1830: married October 3, 
1804. Abigail Hussey, born September 3. 1779. 
died December 27. 1857. daughter of Samuel 
and Mercy (Evans) Hussey. of Somersworth. 
now Rollinsford. New Hampshire. He was 
several times elected a selectman of the town 




of Haverliill. This point is of interest in 
reference to the male hne of the ancestry of 
tlie P'oet. Thomas ( i ) W'hittier was 49 years 
old when his son Joseph was born, and he lived 
to be seventy-six. Joseph (2) was forty-seven 
years old when his son Joseph (3), was born, 
and he died at the age of seventy. The second 
Joseph or Joseph ( 3 ) was forty-five years old 
when John (4) was born, and he lived to be 
eighty. John (4) was in his forty-eighth year 
when John Greenleaf (5) the Poet, was born, 
and he lived to be nearly seventy. Although 
each Whittier in this list lived to a good old 
age, they passed awa\' without having seen 
their grandsons in this particular line. Chil- 
dren : I. Mary, born September 3, 1806, died 
January 17, i860; married Jacob Caldwell. 2. 
John Greenleaf, born December 17, 1807. died 
at Hampton, New Hampshire, September 7, 
1892. 3. Matthew Franklin, born July 4, 1812, 
died January 7, 1883; married first. August 4, 
1836, Abigail R. Poyen, who died at Portland, 
Maine. March 2"/. 1841 ; children : i. Joseph 
Poyen, died August 15, 1838. ii. Sarah, died 
March 13. 1841. Married second, Jane E. 
Vaughan. of St. John. New Brunswick, born 
April 27. 1819; children: iii. Charles Frank- 
lin, born December 8, 1843. i^'- Elizabeth Hus- 
sey, born August 10, 1845 '' married Samuel T. 
Pickard. v. Alice Greenleaf, born February 
19. 1848; married \\'ilbur Berry. 4. Elizabeth 
Hussey. born December 7, 1815, died at Ames- 
bury, September 3. 1864. 


Anne Bradstreet. distinguished as the earliest 
poet of her sex in America, though a native of 
England, was a person who by reputation and 
residence conferred honor upon the New 
England county of Essex, and is worthy of a 
brief notice in these pages. She was the 
daughter of (jovernor Thomas Dudley and the 
wife of Governor Simon Bradstreet. She was 
born in the year 1612-13. probably at North- 
ampton, England. Of her youth but little is 
known, and from what is left in her own 
writing leads to the belief that she was relig- 
iously brought up according to the Puritan 
standards of that time. When she was about 
sixteen she had the small pox. She was mar- 
ried at about that age. and came to this coun- 
try, l^ler husband was the son of a minister of 
the nonconformist order in the old country. 
In 1635 she became a resident of Ipswich, but 
there are no particulars of importance regard- 
ing her stay in that town, and the exact year 

when she removed to .\ndover is not known, 
but it is presumable that the latter removal was 
before the year 1644. The portion of the town 
where she settled was that now called by the 
name of North Andover. Her husband's 
house there was burned to the ground in July, 
1666; and it is supposed to have been fol- 
lowed by a second, in which she died in Sep- 
tember. 1672. This house, which was the 
residence of her son. Dudley Bradstreet, is 
still standing. 

Her poems were first published in London. 
in 1650, under the title of "The Tenth Aluse 
Lately Sprung Up in America." She appears 
to have had from her birth a very delicate 
constitution, and was troubled at one time with 
lameness and subject to frequent attacks of 
sickness, to fevers, and fits of fainting. She 
was the mother of eight children, four sons 
and four daughters, all but one of whom sur- 
vived her. Of her opinions, she regarded 
health as the reward of virtue, and her various 
maladies as tokens of the divine displeasure. 
She says her religious belief was at times 
shaken ; but she believed that her doubts and 
fears were exaggerated by her tender con- 
science. Her children were constantly in her 
mind ; and for them she committed to writing 
many of her thoughts and experiences, espec- 
ially religious. Fler poetic similes refer much 
to domestic life and the bringing up of chil- 
dren, and among her own offspring she notes 
the most diverse traits of character ; some of 
them were obedient and ea'sily governed, while 
others were unruly and headstrong. She 
derived satisfaction from the virtues of some, 
and deplored the failings of others. Her mar- 
ried life was happy, but she continuously dwelt 
in her thoughts on the great ills to which 
humanity is subject. By the burning of her 
house at Andover. in July, 1666. her papers, 
books, and other things of great value, were 
destroyed. Her son wrote that his father's 
loss by this fire was over eight hundred books, 
including those of the son and many of the 
son's clothes, in his case to at least the value 
of fifty or sixty pounds. 

Thus from what is derived from Mrs. Brad- 
street's works, one can see that the world of 
1666 was not much different from that of 1908 
in its experience of domestic trials. The fact 
of her being able to compose anything of a lit- 
erary order, was in her day a wonder com- 
pared with such things now. She was, how- 
ever, living in a new country, scarcely yet set- 
tled, and that she even was exposed to criti- 



cism on the part of her neighbors for studying 
and writing so much, is evident from these 
lines of hers : 

" I am obnoxious to each carping tongue 
Who says my hand a needle better fits." 

She died of a consumption, and a statement 
of her sad condition in the last stages of the 
disease is preserved in the handwriting of her 
son. It is supposed, as her burial place is not 
known at Andover, that she may have been 
buried in her father's tomb at Roxbury. 

In 1678, after her death, a second edition of 
her "Poems" was brought out in Boston. Her 
descendants have been very numerous, "and 
many of them have more than made up by the 
excellence of their writings for whatever 
beauty or spirit hers may have lacked." Among 
these were Dr. William E. Channing : Rev. 
Joseph Buckminster, of Portsmouth ; his son. 
Rev. J. S. Buckminster: and his daughter, 
Mrs. Eliza B. Lee: Richard H. Dana, the 
poet, and his son R. H. Dana, Jr. : Dr. Oliver 
Wendell Holmes : Wendell Phillips ; and Mrs. 
Eliza G. Thornton, of Saco, Maine, wliose 
verses were once esteemed. Her husband mar- 
ried a second wife, and his death occurred at 
Salem. March 27, 1697, at the age of ninety- 

An example of Mrs. Bradstreet's style in 
her lighter mood is given in some lines upon 
the burning of her house, Julv 10. ihf/). 

"When by the Ruines oft I past. 
My sorrowing eyes aside did cast. 
And liere and there the places spye 
Where oft I sate, and long did lye. 

"Here stood that Trunk, and there that chest; 

There lay that store I counted best: 

My pleasant things in ashes lye. 

And them behold no more sliall I. 

Under thy roof no guest shall sitt. 

Nor at Thy Table eat a bitt. 

"No pleasant tale shall 'ere be toUI 

Nor things recounted done of old. 

No Candle 'ere shall shine in Thee. 

Nor bridegroom's voice ere heard shall be. 

In silence ever shalt thou lye; 

Adieu. Adieu; All's vanity." 

AuTHORiTv. — "The Works of Anne Brad- 
street in Prose and Verse," edited by John 
Harvard Ellis. Charlestown : Abram E. Cut- 
ter. 1867. 

Ancestry. — Thomas Dudley ( i) . (jovernor 
of Massachusetts, was born at Northampton, 
in England in 1576 or 1577 (the only son of 
Captain Roger Dudley, who was killed in bat- 
tle about 1586). He was thus early in life an 
orphan, having a sister, concerning whom, as 

well as his mother, nothing is known. His 
mother was probably of a religious family and 
he became a noted Puritan. He was sent to 
school by a charitable lady, and while still 
young became a page in the family of William 
Lord Compton, afterwards Earl of Northamp- 
ton. The further career of Governor Thomas 
Dudley is a matter of general history. Chil- 
dren : I. Samuel, born in Northamptonshire, 
England, about 1610, died February 10, 1683. 
He was married three times, became the settled 
minister at Exeter, New Hampshire, and had 
in all eighteen children. He married first 
Mary, daughter of Governor Jcjhn \\'inthrop ; 
second. Mary Byley, sister of Henry Byley ; 
and third. Elizabeth . 2. Anne, mar- 
ried Governor Bradstreet : see forward. 3. 
Patience: died February 8. 1690: married 
Major-General Daniel Denison : and had two 
children. 4. Sarah, baptized July 23. 1620, at 
Sempringham, England ; died November 3, 
1659: married before June 9, 1639, Benjamin 
Keayne, of Boston (son of Captain Robert 
Keaj'ne) from whom she was divorced in 
1647, and had a daughter named Anna, the 
wife of Edward Lane, and later of Nicholas 
Paige. The mother afterwards married 
Thomas Pacy. 5. Mercy, born Se]3tember 27, 
1621, died July I, 1691 : married Rev. John 
Woodbridge and had twelve children. 6. 
Dorothy; died February 27, 1643. His first 
wife Dorothy, a gentlewoman of good family 
and estate, died December 27, 1643, and was 
buried in the family tomb at Roxbury. Her 
family name and pedigree have not been pre- 
served. She was sixty-one years old, and had 
had five children, one son aiicl four daughters, 
all of whom married and had children before 
her decease. It is remarkable tliat so little 
should be definitely known concerning a family 
so distinguished. 

By his second wife Governor Dudley had: 
7. Deborah, born February 27, 1644-5 : died 
unmarried. November i. 1683. 8. Joseph, born 
September 2^. 1647: died April 2. 1720. He 
married Rebecca, daughter of Edward Tyng, 
became Governor of Massachusetts, Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of the Isle of Wight, and first 
chief-justice of New York. He had thirteen 
children, one of whom, Paul, was attorney- 
general, and afterwards chief-justice of Mass- 
achusetts, fellow of the Royal Society, and 
founder of the Dudleian Lectures at Harvard 
College. 9. Paul, born September 8, 1650, died 
December i, 1681 : married Mary, daughter of 
Governor John Leverett, and had three chil- 



(II) Anne (Dudley) Bradstreet, the popu- 
lar poetess of her time, daughter of Thomas 
Dudley (i). was born 1612-13; was married 
when about sixteen to Simon Bradstreet, and 
died September 16, 1672. Eight children: I. 
Samuel, (H. C. 1653), and died August, 1682. 
He was in England, 1657-1661, a physician in 
Boston : and removed afterwards to the island 
of Jamaica, where he died. He was twice mar- 
ried : first to Alercy, daughter of William Tyng 
by whom he had five children, only one of 
whom survived him, and second to a wife, 
w hose name is unknown. Her three children 
were living with their grandfather Governor 
Bradstreet, at the time of the latter's death. 2. 
Dorothy, died Eebruar}' 26, 1672 ; married, 
June 25, 1654, Rev. Seaborn Cotton (son of 
Rev. John Cotton, of Boston) and had nine 
children. Her husband was pastor of the 
church at Hampton, Xew Hampshire. 3. Sarah, 
married first Richard Hubbard, of Ipswich, by 
whom she had five children, and second Major 
Samuel Ward, of Marblehead. 4. Simon, born 
at Ipswich, September 28, 1640 (H. C, 1660), 
died 1683. Went to New London, Connecti- 
cut, in 1666, and was ordained pastor of the 
church there October 5, 1670 ; married, at New- 
luiry, (Jctober 2, 1667, Lucy (his cousin), 
daughter of Rev. John Woodbridge, and had 
five children. 5. Hannah, died 1707; married, 
June 14. 1659, Andrew Wiggin, of Exeter, 
Xew Flampshire, and had five sons and five 
daughters. 6. Mercy, died October 5. 1715 
(68th year) : married October 31, 1672, Major 
Nathaniel \\'ade, of Medford, and had eight 

children. 7. Dudley, born , 1648. died 

November 13, 1702: married, November 12, 
i'')73, Ann \\'ood, widow of Theodore Price. 
He was a prominent man in Andover, and had 
three children. 8. John, born July 22, 1632, 
died January 11, 1718; married, June 11. 1677, 
Sarah, daughter of Rev. William Perkins. He 
was a resident of Topsfield. and had five chil- 


Alanasseh Cutler, third child and elder son 
of Hezekiah Cutler, a farmer of Killingly, Con- 
necticut, and grandson of John and Hannah 
( Snow ) Cutler, of Lexington, Massachusetts, 
and Killingly. was born in what is now Thomp- 
son, on May 28. 1742, and baptized on May 30 
at the Thompson church. His mother was 
Susanna, (laughter of Deacon Hanniel Clark, 
of Killingly. He was prepared for college by 
the Rev. .\aron Brown, of North Killingly. 

During the winter after graduating he taught 

school in Dedham, Massachusetts, where he 
became engaged to Mary, eldest daughter of 1 
the Rev. Thomas Balch, of that town, and of 
Mary (Sumner) Balch. He then accepted a 
proposal from an aunt of Miss Balch"s who had 
been recently left a widow, to go to Edgartown, 
on Martha's Vineyard, and take charge of a 
business which she owned there. 

On September 7, 1766, he was married, and 
at once removed to Edgartown, and continued 
as a merchant for three years. In the mean- 
time he was admitted to the bar, 1767, but sub- 
seciuently he began the study of theology by 
himself, and in November, 1769, he removed 
with his family to Dedham, to continue his 
studies under his father-in-law's direction. In 
May, 1770, he was called to settle in Douglas, 
in VVorcester county, where he had been preach- 
ing for some time, but this call he declined. In 
February, 177 1, he began to preach in the 
Third Parish of Ipswich, Massachusetts, called 
Ipswich Mamlet, and in May he was invited to 
settle as their pastor. He accepted the call on 
June 9, and was ordained on September 11, 
Mr. Balch preaching the sermon. 

During the revolution his work was twice 
interrupted by invitations to serve in the army 
as chaplain ; and he was thus absent for four 
months in 1775, and for one month in 1778. 
In the latter part of 1778 he undertook the 
study of medicine with Dr. Elisha Whitney, 
one of his parishioners, and was able thereby to 
add somewhat to a scanty income. As earlyas his 
college days he had begun to take a deep interest 
in natural science, and about 1780 he applied 
himself especially to the study of botany, in 
which he became a proficient. From th^ time of 
his settlement in Ipswich he had had occasional 
pupils in his house, and in 1782 he opened a 
broading-school which was continued (except 
during temporary absences) with success for 
thirty-five years. 

Owing to the difficulties of providing for his 
family, in the disturbed state of things after 
the revolution, he had serious thoughts of re- 
moving to the West: and it thus came about 
that in March, 1786, he united with other 
]\Iassachusetts citizens in the formation of the 
Ohio Company, to promote a settlement in the 
Western territory. He threw himself with such 
ardor into the business of securing subscrip- 
tions, that he was appointed at the annual meet- 
ing in March, 1787, one of three directors who 
were instructed to apply- to Congress for the 
purchase of lands. His. success in inducing 
Congress to pass the memorable ordinance 
under which the Northwest Territory was set- 



tied is a pan of the history of the nation. For 
the next live or six years he was much engross- 
ed in promoting the development of the Ohio 
Companw In 1793 he was the chairman of a 
committee which obtained from the State gov- 
ernment the incorporation of Ipswich Hamlet 
as the town of Hamilton. He was an ardent 
Federalist, and as such was sent as a repre- 
sentative to the general court of Massachusetts 
in the spring of 1800. In November, 1800, he 
was elected a representative in the United 
States congress. He held this office for four 
years, and then declined a second re-election on 
account of long-continued and increasiiug ill- 
health. After his retirement he devoted him- 
self exclusively to his ministerial duties which 
he retained until his death. 

In person he was tall and portly, and in 
manners courtly and dignified. His portrait, 
painted by Frothingham in 1820, is engraved in 
his published life. The honorary degree of 
Doctor of Laws was conferred on him by Yale 
College in 1791. After twenty-four years of 
suffering from asthma, which finally terminated 
in consumption, he died in Hamilton, on July 
28, 1823, in his eighty-second year. The dis- 
course delivered at his funeral by the Rev. Dr. 
Benjamin Wadsworth, of Danvers, was pub- 
lished . His wife died suddenly in Hamilton on 
November 2, 1815. in her seventy-fifth year. 
Thev had five sons ( one of whom died in 
infancy ) and three daughters. The third son 
was graduated at Harvard College in 1793. 
The Rev. Rufus P. Cutler was a grandson. 

One has said of him that his mind w^as alto- 
gether of the practical cast, and that in matters 
of mere theory and speculation he took but little 
interest. He himself published a number of 
works and his life, journals, and correspond- 
ence have been published in two volumes by 
his grandchildren, William Parker Cutler and 
Julia Perkins Cutler, at Cincinnati, 1888.* 

Ancestry. — James Cutler (i), of Water- 
town, and Cambridge Farms, now Lexington, 
Massachusetts, died at the latter place July 17, 
1694, aged eighty-eight years; married first 

.\nna , who was buried September 30, 

1644; married second. March 9, 1645, ]\Irs. 
Mary King, widow of Thomas King, of Water- 
town, who died December 7, 1654; and mar- 
ried third, about 1662, Phebe Page, daughter 
of John Page, of Watertown. Children: i. 
James, born at Watertown, November 6. 1635 ; 
see forward. 2. Hannah, born at Watertown, 
July 2fi. 1638; married John \\'inter, who died 

•The above sketch is abridged from Dexter'; 
"Yale Biographies." vol. ili. pp. 112-117. 

at Cambridge Farms. December 15, i()9o. 3. 
Elizabeth, born at Watertown. January 11, 
1640. died December 30, 1644. 4. Mary, born 
at Watertown, April 29, 1644, married John 
Collar. 5. Elizabeth, born at Watertown, July 
20, 1646: married John Parmenter, third, of 
Sudbury, Massachusetts. 6. Thomas, born about 
1648, died at Lexington, July 13, 1722; mar- 
ried Abigail . 7. Sarah, died at Weston, 

Massachusetts. January 17, 1744, aged eighty- 
nine years. Married, 1673, Thomas Waite, of 

Cambridge Farms. 8. Joanna, born , 

<lied November 26, 1703: married, June 19, 
1680, Philip Russell, of Cambridge Farms, g. 
John, born at Cambridge Farms, March 19, 
1663. died September 21, 1714: married, Janu- 
ary I, 1694, Mary Stearns, who died February 
24, 1733-4. 10. Samuel, born at Cambridge 
Farms, November 8. 1664. 11. Jemima, died 
^larch 15, 1744; married. September 22, 1697, 
Zerubbabel Snow, of Woburn, Massachusetts. 
12. F'hebe. 

( II ) James Cutler, son of James Cutler (T ), 
born at \\ atertown, Massachusetts, November 
6, 1635, died at Cambridge Farms, now Lex- 
ington, Massachusetts, July 31, 1685; married, 
June 15, 1665, Mrs. Lydia (Moore) Wright, 
born June 24, 1643. died at Sudbury, Massa- 
chusetts, November 23, 1723, daughter of John 
and Elizabeth Moore, and widow of Samuel 
Wright, of Sudbury, Massachusetts. Children : 
I. James, born July 12, 1666, died February I, 
1(190-1. 2. Ann, born April 20. 1669; married, 
September 26. 1688. Richard Bloss, of Water- 
town. 3. Joseph, born May 2, 1672, died at 
Waltham. "Massachusetts. 1715; married Han- 
nah , who married second. Joseph Smith ; 

she died at Waltham, February 26. 1735. 4. 
Samuel, born May 2, 1672, was living in 1727. 
5. John, born April 14, 1675; see forward. 6. 
Thomas, bom December 15, 1677, died at 
Western, now ^^'arren. Massachusetts, Decem- 
ber 23, 1759. aged eighty-two years, married 
first. Sarah Stone, of Lexington, who died Jan- 
uary ID, 1750. aged sixty-nine, and married 
second, April 10, 1751, Mrs. Lydia (Bowman) 
Simonds, of Lexington. 7. Elizabeth, born 
March 14, 168 1. 8. Lsaac, born 1684, died at 
Killingly, Connecticut, June 18. 1758. aged 
seventy-four years, gravestone : married, Sarah 

'-, who died June. 1763. aged seventy-five 


(Ill) John Cutler, son of James Cutler (2), 
born at Cambridge Farms, now Lexington, 
Massachusetts, April 14, 1675, died at Killingly, 
Connecticut, after 1727; married, February 6, 
1700, Hannah Snow, born at Woburn, Massa- 



chusetts, June 6, 1677. daughter of John and 
Hannah (Green) Snow; she presumably mar- 
ried second. November 2, 1736, Eleazer Bate- 
man, of Killingly, Connecticut. Children: i. 
Hannah, baptized at Lexington, November, 
1701 : married Doctor Holmes, of Woodstock, 
Connecticut. 2. Mary, baptized at Lexington, 
Jul}- 4, 1703 : married, October 29, 1730, Joseph 
ISacon, Jr., of Woodstock, Connecticut. 3. 
."-Icth, baptized at Lexington, July 7, 1705, died 
at Windham, Connecticut, February 9, 1751 ; 
married, October 22, 1734, Elizabeth Babcock. 
4. Timoth}', baptized at Lexington, July 7, 1705, 
(lied at Windham, Connecticut, about 1736; 
married, March 17, 1733. Elizabeth Leavens, 
of Killingly, Connecticut. 5. Hezekiah, bap- 
tized at Lexington, .April 20, 1707 ; see forward. 
6. Dinah, baptized at Lexington, September 4, 
1709. 7. Jemima, baptized at Lexington. May 
2"], 1711: married, April 19, 1731, Benjamin 
Corbin, of Woodstock, Connecticut. 8. Uriah, 
baptized at Lexington. !March 29, 1713, died at 
Morristown, New Jersey, 1793: married first. 
Miss Caulfield : married second, about 1772, 
Mrs. Whitehead. 9. Abigail, baptized at Kill- 
ingly, July 22, 1716. 10. Sarah, baptized at 
Killingly, July 22, 1716. 11. Hannah, baptized 
at Killingly. July 22, 1 7 16. 12. Patience, bap- 
tized at Killingly, September i, 1717. 13. 
Keziah, baptized at Killingly, July 19, 1719. 

( \\ ) Hezekiah Cutler, son of John Cutler 
( 3 ) , born at Lexington. Massachusetts, bap- 
tized there, April 20, 1707, died at Killingly, 
Connecticut, October 4, 1792: married, De- 
cember 5, 1734, Susanna Clark, who died April 
8, 1774, in her sixty-second year; married sec- 
ond, Mrs. .Abigail Robbins, who was buried at 
Killingly, Connecticut, 1791, aged seventy-two 
years. Children, born at Killingly, Connecti- 
cut, were: I. ^lehitable, born April I, 1737; 
married, October 10, 1758, Simeon Lee. 2. 
Hannah, baptized December 24, 1738, died 
young. 3. Alanasseh, born J\Iay '3, 1742; see 
forward. 4. Ephraim, born November 13, 17-^4, 
died ]\Iay 21. 1766: unmarried. 5. Plannah, 
horn December 5, 1747, died December 25, 


( \ ) Reverend Manasseh Cutler, son of Heze- 
kiah Cutler (4), born at Killingly, Connecticut, 
May 13, 1742, died at Hamilton, Massachu- 
setts. July 28. 1823; married, October 8, 1766, 
Mary Balch, who died at Hamilton, November 
3, 1815, aged seventy-three years, daughter of 
Rev. Thomas and Mary (Sumner) Balch. of 
Dedham, Massachusetts. Children: i. Eph- 
raim, born at Edgartown, Massachusetts, April 
13. 1767. died at Warren, Ohio, July 8, 1853; 

married first, April 8, 1787, Leah Atwood, of 
Killingly, Connecticut, who died November 4, 
1807 ; and married second, April 13, 1808, Sally 
I'arker, a native of Newburyport, ^lassachu- 
setts, who died June 30, 1846. 2. Jervis, born 
at Martha's Mneyard, Massachusetts, Septem- 
ber 19, 1768, died at Evansville, Indiana, June 
25, 1846; married first, March 22, 1794, Phila- 
delphia Cargill, of Pomfret, Connecticut, who 
died October 6, 1820; married second, Mrs. 
Elizabeth S. (Frazier) Chandler, of Evans- 
ville, Indiana. 3. Mary, born May 3, 1771, 
died September, 1836; married, 1794, Doctor 
Joseph Torrey. 4. Charles, born Alarch 26, 
T773, died in Ohio, September 17, 1805; un- 
married, (H. C, 1793). 5. Lavinia, born Au- 
gust 6, 1775. died ]March, 1823; married, Octo- 
ber 9, 1800, Captain Jacob lierry, who died 
February 7, 1812; resided at Beverly, Massa- 
chusetts. 6. Temple, born xApril 10, 1778, died 
same year. 7. Elizabeth, born July 4, 1779, 
died April 22, 1854; married, June 13, 1802, 
Fitch Poole, of Danvers, Massachusetts, who 
died January 28, 1838. 8. Temple, born Feb- 
ruary 24, 1782, died at Hamilton, Massachu- 
setts. November 5, 1857; married first, Octo- 
ber 7, 1805, Sophia Brown, who died Septem- 
ber 4, 1822, and married second, 1823, Mrs. 
Hannah (Appleton) Smith. 


Sir George Downing was the son of Eman- 
uel Downing, of Salem, Massachusetts, who 
married, April 10, 1622, Lucy, sister of Gov- 
ernor John Winthrop. He was probably born 
in London, England, in 1625. In 1636 he was 
at school "at Maidstone in Kent." He arrived 
in New England with his parents in 1638, prob- 
ably early in October. He pursued his studies 
under the Rev. John Fiske, for many years an 
instructor in Salem. He was also under the 
influence of Hugh Peters, who married his 
aunt, and to whose church in Salem his parents 
belonged. Upham says he "spent his later 
youth and opening manhood on Salem Farms." 
He was the first graduate from Salem, after 
which he engaged in teaching, and pursued the 
study of divinity. In the summer of 1645. at 
the age of twenty, he "went in a ship to the 
West Indies to instruct the seamen." Probably 
he took this method to pay the expense of his 
voyage. He proceeded by way of "Newfound- 
land, and to Christophers, and Barbadoes, and 
Nevis." and was requested to preach in all 
these places, but continued to England, where 
he was called to be a preacher in Colonel John 
Okev's regiment, in the army of Sir Thomas 



Fairfax. When not more than twenty-five 
years of age, Downing had risen so fast as to 
have become a confidential member of Crom- 
weh's staff, and one of the most important 
correspondents and advisers of Parhament. 
September 3, 1651, he was at the battle of Wor- 
cester. As early as April 13, 1652, he held the 
important position of scoutmaster-general to 
the army in Scotland. In 1655, being secretary 
to Thurloe, who was Cromwell's secretary ot 
state, he was sent to the Duke of Savoy to 
remonstrate against the persecution of the Wal- 
denses in Piedmont. He was chosen member of 
Parliament in 1656 for the Protector's pur- 
poses. Besides engaging in all other important 
business of the House, he took the lead in ques- 
tions of revenue and trade. 

"A Narrative of the Late Parliament." ])ub- 
lished in 1657, records him as receiving £365 
per annum as scoutmaster-general, £500 as one 
of the tellers in the exchequer ; in all £865 per 
annum. It is said he had the pay of a troop of 
horse captain. In 1657 he was appointed by 
Cromwell minister to Holland, with a salary 
of £1.100. He was elected burgess for Mor- 
peth, in Northumberland, to serve in the parlia- 
ment which convened at Westminster, May 8, 
1 661. In the intervals of parliament he re- 
turned to his employments at the Hague. In 
March, 1662, he procured the arrest of John 
Okey, Miles Corbet, and John Barkstead, three 
of the judges who had condemned Charles the 
First. There are reasons for supposing him to 
have been the author of the policy developed 
in the British Navigation Act, which was initi- 
ated October 9, 1651, and advanced by another 
act in 1660. This act made England the great 
naval power of the world. 

July I. 1663, Downing was created a baronet 
bv the title of Sir George Downing of East 
Hatley, Cambridgeshire. knight, where his estate 
was called the largest in the county. In 1667, 
he was chosen secretary of the new commis- 
sioners of the treasury. He labored indus- 
triously to increase the revenue and enlarge the 
resources of the country. In 1671 he went to 
Holland, to take the place of Sir William 
Temple. He returned from Holland, where he 
was sent as ambassador, before his time, and 
accordingly was sent to the Tower ; but was 
soon released and restored to royal favor. He 
was one of the three commissioners of the cus- 
toms in London, who, under date of July 
9. 1678. prepared the rigid instructions for 
"Edward Randolph, Collector. Surveyor, and 
Searcher, of his Majestie's Customs in New 
England." He died in 1684. 

Downing married in 1654, Frances Howard, 
who was descended from the fourth Duke of 
Norfolk, who was beheaded by Queen Eliza- 
beth for tenderness to Mary Queen of Scots. 
She died July 10. 1683. Their eldest son, George, 
was teller in the Excheciuer in 1680. 

Downing Street, Whitehall, was named after 
Sir George Downing, secretary of the treasury, 
when the office of lord treasurer was put in 
commission ( May. ift''^-). on the death of Lord 

Sir George Downing was a member of the 
class of 1642, the first class which was grad- 
uated from Harvard College. His grandson, 
who died in 1749, a little more than a hundred 
years after this time, bequeathed a large estate, 
first to relatives, and afterwards, if they died 
without lawful issue, for the building of a col- 
lege at Cambridge. After a half century's 
opposition and litigation, it was chartered Sep- 
tember 22. 1800, and the magnificent Downing 
College was erected with funds winch were 
said to amount to one hundred and fifty thous- 
and pounds.* 


Elbridge Gerry, who was governor of Mass- 
achusetts from May 1810, to May, 1812, and 
vice-president of the L'nited States from March 
4, 1S13, until November 2t,. 1814. when he 
suddenly expired, as he was about to enter the 
senate chamber at Washington for the perform- 
ance of his official duties, was a native of 
Marblehead, where his birth is recorded as 
occurring on the 17th of July, 1744. son of 
Thomas and Elizabeth. The son, Elbridge Gerry, 
was graduated at Harvard College in 1762, and 
later was a signer of the Declaration of Inde- 

For many years he was a resident of the 
town of Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he 
was respected as one of the most eminent citi- 
zens, in spite of differences of political opinion 
between himself and the majority of his fellow 
citizens. The embargo of 1809, followed by an 
open declaration of war against Great Britian 
in lune 1812, caused Cambridge to suft'er dur- 
ing the next two or three years its full propor- 
tion in the general stagnation of business : as a 
new port it did not recover from the blight 
which had fallen upon it — the name of Cam- 
bridgeport ( now anything but a port ) coming 
as a relic of this period. Hence grass grew in 
the streets of the seaports, and ships rotted at 
the wharves. A very decided majority of the 

•The above notice is abridged from Sibley's "Har- 
vard Graduates," vol. i. pp. 2S-ul. 


voters of Cambridge (if not elsewhere in Xew 
Englaml ) were politically opposed to the war 
and smarted under the losses and inconven- 
iences resulting from- it, but notwithstanding 
tlie lacl-: of enthusiasm for its support, com- 
panies when called into service for the defence 
of the state responded punctually to ch,; call, 
riuis. in the case of Mr. Gerry, it is said, that 
neither their affection for the man, nor their 
regard for his high political position, could 
o\-ercome their detastation of the war, of which 
he was an advocate and defender, nor induce 
them to volunteer their persons or their prop- 
erty in its behalf. (See Paige's "History of 
Cambri ge,'" pp. 192-193). 

His earliest revolutionary experience with 
Cambridge appears to have been on the night 
of the eighteenth of April, 1775, when as a 
member of the different committees of safety 
and supplies in session at ^^'etherby"s tavern, 
in what was later \\'est Cambridge or now is 
.Arlington, he. with two others of the members, 
' Jrne and Lee, remained to pass the night. As 
the llritish in perfect stillness, passed the tavern 
wliere he was lodging, on their midnight march 
to Concord, Gerry, Orne and Lee rose from 
their beds to gaze on the unwonted spectacle ; 
the three were discovered by the British, and 
when a party of the latter was detached to sur- 
round the tavern, and make prisoners of the 
distinguished inmates, the three members of 
the committee of safety hastily escaped to an 
adjoining field. 

.-\s early as 1775 Gerry was actively interest- 
ed in fitting out a provincial naval armament 
and b\- Xovember 13 a law was passed by the 
assembly of Massachusetts — and draughted by 
< ierry — which authorized the employment of 
privateers and established a court for the trial 
and condemnation of prizes. He was then a 
resident of Marblehead, and was emphatically 
at the bottom of this movement. 

He was a great political organizer. It was 
he who after the New England colonies had 
borne the contest for several months, almost 
alone, sought to reconcile the conflicting jeal- 
ousies of the north and the south, and to aid 
Washington to supplant local jealousy by a 
union of spirit. His letters show this. In one 
of tiiem he says (under date of October g, 
1775). "Let it be remembered that the first 
attack was made on this colony ; that we had to 
keep a regular force without the advantage of 
a regular government ; that we had to support 
in the field from 12,000 to 14,000 men, when 
the whole forces voted by the other New Eng- 
lar.d. governments amounted to 8,500 only." 

In political ability Gerry was classed with 
such men as Washington, Hamilton, Franklin, 
-\Iorris, and others, and he was a delegate 
from Massachusetts, with others, in 1787, to 
the convention at Philadelphia on the adoption 
of the Federal constitution. By the adoption 
of the constitution of the United States, the 
citizens of Massachusetts, as well as of the rest 
of the Union were divided into two parties, 
known at that time as federalists and anti- 
federalist. The former were the friends of the 
new constitution, and Gerry's sympathies were 
with the latter. The federalists were inclined 
to the establishment of a privileged order, while 
the anti-federalists were more republican in 
their tendencies ; or in other words, more dem- 
ocratic, or nearer to the lower class of the 

He was a commissioner to the court of 
France in 1797. He was appointed by Presi- 
dent Adams, a federalist, contrary to the opin- 
ion of a portion of his cabinet, because Gerry 
was a gentleman distinguished throughout the 
country for his intellectual ability, even though 
he was attached to the opposition, or, as it was 
then called, the republican party. His associates 
on this mission were Charles Cotesworth Pinck- 
ney, the head of the federal party, and John 
Marsliall, of \'irginia, the later biograjjher of 

In May, 1800, he was the candidate of the 
republican party for governor of Massachu- 
setts, and the people had confidence in his in- 
tegrity, and gave him a large vote, but not 
enough to elect him. In May, 1810, he was 
elected, and the democratic party was tri- 
umphant in the state. It was considered a 
critical period. In public Government Gerry 
approved the course of the national adminis- 
tration, which was republican or democratic, 
and confined his favors to such as were its sup- 
porters. For this he received several threats 
of assassination from anonynious correspond- 
ents. He was reflected upon severely in the 
federal press, and he made an attempt to de- 
clare them libellous. In the midst of this ex- 
citement a new election occurred and Caleb 
.Strong was elected governor. Both parties 
were active, but his friends could not overcome 
the prejudices against Gerry. It is said that 
his conduct in districting the State for the elec- 
tion of senators had some influence in defeat- 
ing him. From the peculiar manner in which 
he did this, was acquired the term "Gerry- 
mandering :" a term now familiar to all who 
have dealings with that particular way of 
engineering elections to the advantage of the 



party in power. A defence uf Iiis policy in 
this respect was published at the time, to the 
effect that the constitution did not restrict to 
county lines in forming districts. His last 
districting was conformable to the rule of 
ta.xes. J'revious legislatures had districted the 
State regardless of counties, as Cjerry had done, 
etc. -A convention was called at this time 
which approved of the governor's course. Fin- 
ally, he was elected to the vicc-])residency, as 
the candidate of his party. 

.\s an example of his style ot writing, the 
following extract is given from one of Air. 
Gerry's letters. The subject is the British 
evacuation of Boston in March, 1776. He 
writes on March 26. "What an occurrence is 
this to be known in Europe ! llow are parlia- 
mentary pretensions to be reconciled ? Eight 
or ten thousand British troops, it has been said, 
are sufficient to overun America ; and yet that 
number of their veterans, posted in Boston (a 
]5enisula fortified by nature, defended by works 
the product of two years' industry, surrounded 
by navigable waters, supported by ships of 
war, and commanded by their best generals), 
are driven off by about one-thirtieth of the 
power of America. Surely the invincible vet- 
erans labored under some great disadvantage 
from want of provisions or military stores, 
wliich the Americans were amply provided with. 
Directly the reverse. They had provisions 
enough : ammunition, muskets and accoutre- 
ments, for every man, and a piece of ordnance 
for every fifteen: while the .Americans were 
almost destitute of all these, and after twelve 
months' collection had only a sufficiency of 
powder to tune their cannon for six or eight 
days. I am at a loss to know how Great Brit- 
ian will reconcile all this to her military glory." 

.\.s thus ably predicted by this keen observer, 
the news did excite great astonishment in Eng- 
land, and the reigning ministry were deeply 

.AxcKSTKV. — Ca])tain Thomas Gerry ( i ), of 
Xewton Bushel, Great Britian, born at New- 
ton .\bbot. Devonshire, England. March 15, 
1702. died at Marblehead, Massachusetts, July 
13. 1774. aged seventy-two years four months: 
married first. December 16. 17,^4. Elizabeth 
(ireenleaf, born at Marblehead, June I, 1716, 
died there, September 2. 1771. aged fifty-five 
years, daughter of Enoch and Rebecca (Rus- 
sell) Greenleaf : married second. May 6. 1773. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Lemmon, presumably widow 
of Dr. Joseph Lemmon, of iMarblehead, who 
died in 1772. Thomas Gerry came to .America 
in 1730 as captain of a trading vessel from 

London. After marriage he relini|iii>he(l the 
sea and became a merchant at Marblehead. His 
father was Daniel Gerry, of Newton Abbot, De- 
vonshire. England, who married a wife named 
Lydia, by whom he had three children — Daniel 
and John who remained in England, and the 
above Thomas, who emigrated to .America. 
Children: 1. Thomas, born September 19, 
1735: married, September 27. 1759. Tabitha 
Skinner. 2. Samuel, born July 3, 1737, died 
August 26, 1738. 3. Elizabeth, born :\Iay 24, 
1740, died Septe:nber 3, 1740. 4. John, born 
Lctuber 8, 1741, buried January 12, 1786: mar- 
ried, November 8, 1763, Sarah Wendell, who 
married second, June 18, 1786, John Fisk, Esq., 
of .Salem. 3. Elbridge. born July 17, 1744: see 
forward. (). Samuel, born .\ray 30, 1746, died 
May 14, 1750. 7. Elizabeth, born May 17, 
1748: married, April 22, 1775, Burrell Dev- 
ereux. 8. Samuel Russell, born July 27, 1750, 
died February I, or 22, 1807, aged fifty-six 
years: married first, July 22, 1773, Hannah 
Glover, who died May 30. 1785 : married sec- 
ond, July 31, 1783, Sarah Thompson, who died 
his widow, July 22, 1830, aged seventy years. 
9. Daniel, born February 4, 1754, died May 29, 
1754. 10. Daniel, born June 22. 1758, died 
May 17, 1759. 

(II) Hon. Elbridge Gerry, son of Captain 
Thomas Gerry ( i ). born at Marblehead, Mass- 
achusetts, July 17, 1744, died at Washington, 
District of Columbia, November 23, 1814 ; mar- 
ried Ann Thompson, daughter of James Thomp- 
son, of New A'ork, who died his widow, at 
New Haven, Connecticut, March 17, 1849, aged 
eighty-five years. He was survived, besides 
his widow, by three sons and si.x daughters. 
One daughter, Catherine, married, October 2, 
1806, James Trecothick .Austin, Esq., of Cam- 
bridge : her husband was a graduate of Har- 
vard College, 1802, received the ilegree of LL. 
D., and was attorney-general of Massachusetts. 
The eldest son, Elbridge Gerry ( H. C. 1813) 
died in New A'ork, May 18, 1867: he was at 
one period surveyor of the port of Boston. 
Thomas Russell Gerry, another son, (H. C, 
1814) born in Cambridge, December 8, 1794, 
died at .New Rochelle, New A'ork, October 6, 
1845 ; midshi]3man in Cnited States Navy, ap- 
pointed December 6, 1814, and resigned .August 
27, 1833. Tames T. Gerr\-. another son, was 
appointed midslii])man, U. S. N.. December 20, 
1815: lieutenant, .April 28, 1826: commander, 
.April 17, 1842, and was lost on the ".Albany," 
September 28, 1854. 

The name of Elbridge Gerrv was obtained 
from a relative in this way. His great-grand- 


mother, Elizabeth Elbridge, married Samuel 
Russell, who was born in 1645. she being born 
June 19. 1653. This Rebecca Russell married 
Enoch Greenleaf. and their daughter Elizabeth 
married Thomas Gerry. The Elbridge family 
belonged in Itristol. England, where an uncle, 

John Elbridge, a merchant of that place, died 
and left them a large property, and in memory 
of this family Elbridge Gerry derived his name. 
(See \. E. [1. & G. Register, vol. 12. p. 112, 
further ). 



The surname Whitney was 

WHITNEY originally a place name. The 
parish from which the family 
takes its name is located in county Hereford, 
England, upon the extreme western border, 
adjoining Wales and is traversed by the lovely 
Wye river. The name of the place doubtless 
comes from the appearance of the river, mean- 
ing in Saxon, white water, from hivit, white, 
and cy, water. The coat-of-arms of the Whit- 
ney family of Whitney is : Azure, a cross 
chequy or and gules. Crest : A bull's head 
couped sable, armed argent, the points gules. 
The English ancestry of John Whitney, the 
immigrant who settled at Watertown, Massa- 
chusetts, has been established by Henry Mel- 
ville and presented in an exquisitely printed 
and illustrated volume. Very few American 
families have their English genealogy in such 
well authenticated and satisfactory form. An 
abstract of the English ancestry is given below. 

(I) Turstin, "the Fleming," otherwise 
known as Turstin de Wigmore, probably also 
as Turstin, son of Rolf, and Turstin "the 
White," was a follower of William the Con- 
queror. He was mentioned in the Domesday 
book as an extensive land holder in Hereford- 
shire and the Alarches of Wales. He married 
Agnes, daughter of Alured de Merleberge, a 
Norman baron of Ewias Castle, in the Marches 
of Wales. 

(H) Eustace, son of Turstin, was a bene- 
factor of the monastery of St. Peter in Glou- 
cester. He or one of his immediate descend- 
ants took the surname. De Whitney from 
Whitney of the Wye, in the Marches of 
Wales, where his principal castle was located.- 
The estate comprised over two thousand acres, 
and remained in the family until 1893, when 
it was sold, there being no member of the 
family to hold it. The castle has entirely dis- 
appeared, but it is believed to be in ruins under 
the Wye, which has in the course of years 
changed its path. The castle was probably 
built on an artificial mound, surrounded by a 
moat fed by the river, which gradually under- 
mined the castle, which was at last disinte- 

(HI) Sir Robert de Whitney, a direct de- 

scendant of Eustace, was livng in 1242 and 
was mentioned in the "Testa de Nevill." 
Three or four intervening generations cannot 
be stated with certainty. 

(IV) Sir Eustace de Whitney, son of Sir 
Robert, gave deed to the monastery of St. 
Peter in 1280, referring to and confirming the 
deed of his ancestors above mentioned. He 
was Lord of Pencombe, Little Cowarn and 
Whitney in 1281 ; was granted free warren 
by Edward I in 1284; summoned to wars 
beyond the seas in 1297 ; tenant of part of the 
manor of Huntington in 1299; in Scotch war 
in 1301. He was possibly grandson instead 
of son of Sir Robert. 

(V) Sir Eustace de Whitney, son of Sir 
Eustace, was knighted by Edward I in 1306, 
and was a member of parliament for Here- 
fordshire in 1313 and 1352. 

(VI) Sir Robert de Whitney, son of Sir 
Eustace, was one of two hundred gentle- 
men who went to Milan in the retinue of the 
Duke of Clarence on the occasion of the lat- 
ter's marriage in 1368. He was a member of 
parliament for Herefordshire in 1377, 1379 
and 1380 and sheriff in 1377. 

( VII) Sir Robert Whitney, son of Sir Rob- 
ert, was sent abroad to negotiate treaty with 
the Count of Flanders in 1388; member 
of parliament for Herefordshire in 1391. He 
was sent to France to deliver the castle and 
town of Cherbourg to the King of Navarre 
in 1393; was knight marshal in the court of 
Richard II; sent on King's business to Ire- 
land in 1394. He was killed, together with his 
brother and most of his relatives, at the battle 
of Pilleth, 1402. 

(VIII) Sir Robert Whitney, son of Sir 
Robert, was granted the castle of Clif- 
ford and lordships of Clifford and Glas- 
bury by- Henry IV in 1404, on account 
of the services of his father. Lie was 
sheriff of Herefordshire in 1413-28-33-37; 
member of parliament, 1416-22. He fought 
in the French war under Henry V, and was 
captain of the castle and town of Vire in 1420. 
He was named as one of the five knights in 
Herefordshire in 1433, and died March 12, 



(IX) Sir Eustace cle Whitney, son of Sir 
Robert, was born in 141 1. He was head 
of a commission sent to Wales by Henry \T 
in 1455 and was a member of parliament for 
Herefordshire in 1468. He married Jenett 
Russell ; second, Jane Clififord. 

(X) Robert \\'hitney. son of Sir Eustace 
(9), was probably a knight and was an active 
participant in the War of the Roses, and was 
attainted as a Yorkist in 1459. He was prob- 
ably at the battle of Mortimer's Cross in 1461. 
He was the subject of a poem by Lewis Glyn 
Cothi, on the occasion of his marriage to Alice, 
the great-granddaughter of Sir David Gam. 
He married first, Alice, daughter of Thomas 
Vaughan : second, Constance Touchett, who 
was the mother of his sons. She was descended 
from William the Conqueror, th rough the 
second wife of Edward I, King of England. 

(XI) James Whitney, son of Robert, was 
appointed receiver of Newport, part of the 
estate of the Duke of Buckingham, con- 
fiscated by Henry VII in 1522. He married 
Blanche, daughter and an heir of Simon Mil- 

(XII) Robert Whitney, son of James 
Whitney, was of Icomb, and in charge of 
other confiscated estates. He was sherifif 
of Gloucestershire, 1527-28-29-30. He was 
nominated Knight of the Bath by Henry VIII 
at the coronation of Anne Boleyn in 1531 ; 
was granted part of income of monastery of 
Brewern in 1535; furnished forty men to put 
down rebellion in 1536. He was named to 
attend upon the king's person. He died in 
1541, and his will was proved June 11, 1541. 
He married Margaret Wye. 

(XIII) Sir Robert Whitney, son of Robert, 
was knighted the day after Queen Mary's 
coronation in October, 1553. He was sum- 
moned before the privy council in 1555 and 
1559. He was member of parliament for 
Herefordshire in 1559, and died August 5, 
1567. He married Sybil Baskerville, a de- 
scendant of William the Conqueror through 
the first wife of Edward I. 

(XI\') Robert Whitney, son of Sir Robert, 
was mentioned in the will of his father, 
and also in an inquisition taken after the lat- 
ter's death. He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Morgan Guillims, or Duglim. 

(XV) Thomas Whitney, son of Robert, 
was of Westminster, Gentleman. He was 
buried at St. Margaret's, April 14, 1637. 
He married Mary, daughter of John Bray, of 
Westminster ; she was buried at St. Margaret's, 
September 25, 1629. Children: i. John, the 

American emigrant, settled at Watertown, 
Massachusetts. 2. Nicholas. 3. William. 4. 
Richard. 5. Margaret. 6. Anne. | 

(The Baskerville Line). 

(I) William I, Duke of Normandy, com- 
monly called William the Conqueror, married 
Matilda, daughter of Baldwin, Earl of Fland- 
ers, and granddaughter of Robert, King of 

(II) Henry I, son of William the Con- 
queror, was King of England 1100-1135. 
He was born 1069, died 1135; married Ria- 
tilda, daughter of Malcolm III, King of Scot- 
land, granddaughter of Edmund Ironside, the 
last of the West Saxon Kings. 

(III) Geoffrey Plantagenet, Earl of An- 
jou, was son of Henry I. He married Ma- 
tilda . 

(IV) Henry II, son of Geoffrey, was born 
1 133, died 1 189. He was King of Eng- 
land. 1154-89; married Eleanor, daughter and 
heir of William, Duke of Aquitaine, and 
divorced wife of Louis VII, King of France. 

(V) John, son of Henry II, was born 
1 167, died 1216; King of England, 1169-1216. 
He married Isabella, daughter of Aymer, 
Count of Angouleme. 

(VI) Henry III, son of John, was born 
1207, died 1272; King of England 1216- 
72 ; married Eleanor, daughter of the Count 
of Provence. 

(VII) Edward I, son of Henry HI, was 
born 1239, died 1307; King of England 
1 272- 1 307; married first, Eleanor, daughter of 
Ferdinand III, King of Castile; second, Mar- 
garet, daughter of Philip III, King of France. 

(\"III) Elizabeth, daughter of Edward I, 
and Eleanor, married Humphrey de Bohun, 
Earl of Hereford and Essex, Lord High 
Constable. He was killed at the battle of 
Boroughbridge, March 16, 1321. 

(IX) Agnes, daughter of Humphrey and 
Elizabeth, married Robert de Ferrers, sec- 
ond Baron Ferrers, of Chartley. He was 
son of John, first Baron, and grandson of 
Robert, eighth Earl of Derby. He was sum- 
moned to parliament February 25, 1342, and 
was at the battle of Crecy, 1346. He died 


(X) John de Ferrers, son of Robert, was 
third Baron of Chartley. He was in the 
wars of Gascony in 1350, and died April 2, 
1367. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Rolf, first Earl of Stafford, who had a prin- 
cipal command in the van at Crecy. 

(XI) Robert de Ferrers, son of John, 

^■':, 1 




was fourth Baron of Chartley. He died 
March 13, 1413. He married Margaret, 
daughter of Edward, Lord de Despenser. 

(XH) Edmund de Ferrers, son of Rob- 
ert, was fifth Baron of Chartley, and a 
participant in most of the great victories of 
Henry V. He died 1436. He married 
Eleanor, daughter and co-heir of Thomas, 
Lord Roche. 

(Xni) William de Ferrers, son of Edmund, 
was sixth Baron of Chartley, died 1450. 
He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Hamon 
Belknap, Knight. 

(XIV) Anne, daughter and only child of 
William, married Sir Walter Devereaux, 
Knight. He was Baron Ferrers in the right 
of his wife, and was killed at Bosworth Field, 
August 22, 1485. 

(X\') Katherine, daughter of Walter, mar- 
ried Sir James Baskerville, of Eardisley, 
Knight. He was several times sheriff of Here- 
fordshire. He was Knight Banneret on the 
battlefield of Stoke, 1487, and Knight of the 
Bath at the coronation of Henry VH. 

(XVI) Sir Walter Baskerville, son of Sir 
James, was of Eardisley, Knight. He was 
sheriff' of Herefordshire, and Knight of the 
Bath in 1 501. He married Anne, daugh- 
ter of IMorgan ap Jenkyn ap Philipp of Pen- 

(XV^II) Sir James Baskerville, son of Sir 
Walter, was of Eardisley, Knight. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of John 
Breynton and Sybil, daughter and co-heir of 
Simon ]\Iilbourne. 

(XVIII) Sybil, daughter of Sir James 
Baskerville, married Sir Robert W'hitney 
(XIII) mentioned above. 

(The American Line). 

(I) John Whitne3% immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England in 1589, son of Thomas 
and grandson of Robert Whitney. He re- 
ceived for his day a good education in the 
Westminster school, now St. Peter's College. 
He was apprenticed at the age of fourteen by 
his father to William Pring, of the Old Bailey, 
London, a freeman of the Merchant Tailors' 
Company, then the most famous and pros- 
perous of all the great trade guilds, number- 
ing in its membership distinguished men of 
all professions, many of the nobility and the 
Prince of Wales. At the age of twenty-one, 
John Whitney became a full-fledged member 
and his apprenticeship expired. He made his 
home in IsIeworth-on-Thames, eight miles 
from Westminster, and there three of his chil- 

dren were born. There, too, his father ap- 
prenticed to him his younger brother, Robert, 
who also served his seven years. Soon after- 
ward John Whitney left Isleworth and doubt- 
less returned to London and lived in Bow 
Lane, near Bow Church, where his son 
Thomas was born. In September, 1631, he 
placed his eldest son, John Jr., in the Merchant 
Tailors' School, where according to the regis- 
ter, he remained as long as the family was in 
England. Early in April, 1635, John Whit- 
ney registered with his wife Eleanor and sons 
John, Richard, Nathaniel, Thomas and Jona- 
than, as passengers of the ship "Elizabeth and 
Ann," Roger Cooper, master, landing a few 
weeks later in New England. He settled in 
Watertown in June and bought the sixteen 
acre homestall of John Strickland at what is 
now Belmont and East Common streets. This 
homestead descended to his son Joshua Whit- 
ney of Groton, who sold it October 29, 1697, 
to Nathan Fiske. Whitney was admitted a 
freeman March 3, 1635-36, and was appointed 
constable June i, 1641 ; was selectman 1638 to 
1655, inclusive, and town clerk in 1655. He 
was one of the foremost citizens for many 
)'ears. He was grantee of eight lots in Water- 
town. He died June i, 1673. He married 

(first) in England, Elinor , born 1599, 

died in Watertown, May 11, 1659 '• (second) in 
Watertown, September 29, 1659, Judith Clem- 
ent, who died before her husband. His will 
was dated April 3, 1673. Children: i. Mary, 
baptized in England, May 23, 1619; died 
young. 2. John ; see forward. 3. Richard, 
baptized in Isleworth, January 6, 1623-24; 
married Martha Coldam. 4. Nathaniel, bap- 
tized 1627. 5. Thomas, born in England, 
1629 ; married Mary Kettell. 6. Jonathan, 
born in England, 1634 ; married Lydia Jones. 
7. Joshua, born in Watertown, July 5, 1635 ; 
married thrice. 8. Caleb, born in Watertown, 
July 12, 1640; died 1640. 9. Benjamin, born 
in Watertown, June 6, 1643. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Whit- 
ney, was born in England, and baptized at 
Isleworth, September 14, 1621. He came 
with his parents to New England and settled 
in Watertown. He married, 1642, Ruth 
Reynolds, daughter of Robert Reynolds, of 
Wethersfield. Watertown and Boston. He 
lived on a three-acre lot on the east side of 
Lexington street, on land granted to E. How, 
next the homestead of the Phillips family. 
He was admitted a freeman. May 26, 1647, 
at the age of twenty-three; was selectman 
from 1673 to 1680, inclusive; was a soldier in 


1673 in King Philip's war. He died October 
12, 1692. Children: i. John, born Septem- 
ber 12, 1643; married Elizabeth Harris. 2. 
Ruth, born April 15, 1645; married June 20, 
1664, John Shattuck. 3. Nathaniel, born Feb- 
ruary I, 1646; married Sarah Hagar. 4. 
Samuel, born July 26, 1648; married Alary 
Bemis. 5. Mary, born April 29, 1650; died 
unmarried, and after 1693. 6. Joseph, born 
January 15, 165 1 ; married Martha Beach. 7. 
Sarah, born M'arch 17, 1653; married Octo- 
ber 18, 1681, Daniel Harrington; died June 

8, 1720. 8. Elizabeth, born June 9, 1656; 
married December 19, 1678, Daniel Warren. 

9. Hannah. 10. Benjamin, mentioned below. 
(HI) Benjamin, son of John (2) \\"hit- 

ney, was born in W'atertown, June 28, 1660. 
He married Alarch 30, 1687, Abigail, daugh- 
ter of William and Alary (Bemis) Hagar; 

(second) Elizabeth . He died in 

1736. Children: I. Abigail, born Alarch 3, 
1688; married March 18, 1717, Richard Saw- 
tel. 2. Benjamin, baptized July 10, 1698; 

married Rebecca . 3. Ruth, baptized 

July 10, 1698; married July 7, 1715, John 
Bond. 4. John, born June 15, 1694; men- 
tioned below. 5. David, born June 16, 1697. 
6. Daniel, born July 17, 1700; married Dor- 
othy Tainter. 

(IV) John (3), son of Benjamin Whitney, 
was born in Watertown, June 15, 1694, and 
died in 1776. He resided in AX'atertown. 

He married (first) Susan : (second) 

October 6, 1737, Bethia Cutter, born July 9, 
1714; (third) Xovember 28, 1754, Airs. 
Beriah (Bemis) Child, widow of Joseph 
Pierce, and formerly widow of Daniel Child, 
and daughter of John Bemis. She was born 
June 23, 1681, and died in Weston, in 1768. 
Children of first wife: I. Susanna, baptized 
Alay 31, 1730; married John Dean. 2. John, 
baptized Alarch 17, 1731 ; married Alary Ben- 
jamin. 3. Jonathan, baptized April 30, 1732. 
4. Amos, baptized November 10, 1734. 5. 
Abraham, born December 7, 1735; married 
Elizabeth Whitney. Children of second wife: 
6. Aloses, baptized September 3, 1738. 7. 
Ezekiel. mentioned below. 8. Stephen, born 
April 23. 1743; married Relief Stearns. 9. 
Aaron, baptized April 12, 1746. 10. Ruth, 
baptized July 6, 1748: died April 5, 1751. 

(\') Ezekiel, son of John (3) Whitney, 
was baptized April 12. 1741. and died in 
1801. He resided in Watertown, and was 
a cordwainer by trade. He served in the 
revolution, in Captain Barnard's Watertown 
company. He became one of the grantees of 

land at Paris, Alaine, in the right of his uncle, 
Ensign David Whitney. He married (first) 
December 6, 1763, Catherine Draper, of Rox- 
bury ; (second) Alay 19, 1769, Catherine An- 
son. Child of first wife : i. Ezekiel, born April 
13, 1768, mentioned below. Children of sec- 
ond wife: 2. Francis, born September 23, 
1771. 3. Amasa, born A'lay 4, 1774. 4. Cath- 
erine, born Alarch 4, 1777; married February 
17, 1803, Francis S. Hooker, of Rutland. 5. 
Aaron, born June 20, 1780. 

( \T ) Ezekiel (2), son of Ezekiel (i) 
Whitney, was born April 13, 1768, and died 
in December, 1830. He resided at Roxbury 
and at Watertown, where he entered into the 
manufacture of paper. He married (first) 

Lydia ; (second) . Children: i. 

Frank, baptized June 2, 1793; he became an 
ancestor of Alinetta Josephine (Osgood) 
Whitney. 2. Leonard, mentioned below. 3. 
Abigail, baptized September 14, 1794. 4. 
Otis, baptized August 12, 1798. 5. George 
W.. born August 26, 1812; married Elizabeth 
Cook. 6. Cromwell. 7. Alvares. 8. Jeremiah. 
9. James. 10. Nahum P. 11. Lydia, mar- 
ried Hyde. 12. Walter H., born 1819; 

married Lydia E. Doyle. 

(\TI) Leonard, son of Ezekiel (2) Whit- 
ney, was born in Watertown, Alarch 3, 
1793, and baptized June 2, 1793. He in- 
herited from his father the small paper mills 
situated on the Charles river, at Watertown. 
He was the first manufacturer of paper bags 
in the L'nited States and was the inventor of 
machines for making paper bags. He was an 
officer in the war of 1812 and a prominent 
Alason. He married. August 30, 1817, Ruth 
Richards Larrabee, born June 5, 1797, at 
Charlestown, who founded St. John's Aletho- 
dist Episcopal Church at Watertown, Alassa- 
chusetts. Children: i. Ruth Ann, born Sep- 
tember 5. 1822: married Learned. 2. 

Thomas Francis., born September i, 1823. 3. 
Abigail H., January 13, 1825; died young. 4. 
Solomon \\'eeks, September 4, 1825. 5. 
Hiram, February i, 1828. 6. Abigail H., Oc- 
tober 29, 1829. 7. Leonard Jr., mentioned 

(VHI) Leonard (2), son of Leonard (i) 
Whitney, was born at Sudbury, June 15, 
1819, and died at Watertown, July" 5, 1881. 
He removed when a young man to W'atertown, 
where he later purchased the old. historical 
U'hitney mansion, built in 1710. known as 
"The Ehns," which is still held in the family. 
Like his father and grandfather he was a 
manufacturer of paper, and founded the well- 



known Hollingsworth & Whitney Company. 
He was a prominent director in many banks 
and railroads, and was one of the original 
directors of Boston University. He was a 
prominent Mason. He married. April 2, 
1843, Caroline Isabel Russell, born at Wes- 
ton, January 12, 1826, died May 30, 1889. 
Children: i. Emily, born May 4, 1848, died 
August I2j 1849. 2. Charles Elmore, born 
December 27, 1850, at Watertown ; married 
Alice G. Noah ; children : i. Emily Frances, 
born September 3, 1888; ii. Helen Cole, born 
August 30, 1890. 3. Emily Frances, born at 
Watertown, x\ugust 19, 1852, died January 
26, 1885; married Andrew S. Brownell, and 
had Arge W. Brownell. 4. Arthur Herbert, 
born October 12, 1859; mentioned below. 5. 
Frederick Adelbert, born December 22, 1861, 
unmarried ; he was educated in Chauncey Hall 
School, and afterwards at the University of 
Berlin, Leipzig and Munich, Germany. 

(IX) Arthur Herbert, son of Leonard 
(2) \Miitney, was born at Watertown, Octo- 
ber 12, 1859. He spent his youth in the 
old family mansion, '"The Elms," at Water- 
town, where he now lives. He was educated 
at Chauncey Hall School, Boston, at the 
Swedenborgian School at Waltham, and at 
Wilbraham Academy. For a time he was en- 
gaged in the furniture business with his 
brother-in-law, Charles E. Osgood, but after 
a few years he withdrew from business to 
devote his time to the management of his 
property interests. He is a Republican in 
politics, and has served three years on the 
board of selectmen of the town of Watertown, 
being chairman of the board the third year. 
He married October 12, 1880, Minetta Jose- 
phine Osgood, born December 13, 1861, daugh- 
ter of Freeman David and Hannah Faxon 
(Perry) Osgood. Children, born at Water- 
town: I. Isabel Minetta, born July 22, 1882; 
died May 17, 1906. 2. Harold Osgood, born 
April 9, 1893. 

(For ancestry see preceding sketch). 

(II) Richard, son of John 
\\'HITXEY Whitney, was born in Eng- 
land, and baptized at Isle- 
worth-on-Thames, Januar}' 6, 1623-24. He was 
admitted a freeman May 7, 1651, and was a pro- 
prietor of Stow, June 3, 1680. He probably 
removed there when it was a part of Concord. 
He married, March 19, 1650. Martha Coldam. 
On April 7, 1697. he was released from mili- 
tary training, being over seventy years old. 
Children, born at Watertown: i. Sarah, 

March 17. 1652. 2. Moses, August i, 1655; 
see forward. 3. Johannah, January 16, 1656. 
4. Deborah, October 12, 1658. 5. Rebecca, 
December 15, 1659; died February, 1660. 6. 
Richard, January 13, 1660. 7. Eiisha, August 
26, 1662. 8. Ebenezer. June 30, 1672; mar- 
ried Anna . 

(Ill) Moses, son of Richard Whitney, was 
born in Concord, Massachusetts, August i, 
1655. He served as a soldier in King Philip's 
war in 1676. He had land granted to him at 
Stow in 1681 and June 4, 1708, he bought 
thirty acres more in Stow. He owned land 
in Sudbury which he sold in 1692. He resided 
in Stow and Sudbury. He married, Septem- 
ber 30. 1686, Sarah Knight, of Stow, who 
died March 23, 1755. Children: i. Sarah, 
born July 2, 1687. 2. Moses, 1690, men- 
tioned below. 3. Abraham, May 29, 1692, 
married (first) JMary Stone; (second) 

Elizabeth . 4. John, married Rebecca 

Whitney. 5. Ephraim, died May 4, 1723. 6. 
Jonas, born February i, 1699, married (first) 
Dorcas Wood ; ( second ) Margaret Stratton. 

7. Jason, born 1704, married Arabella . 

8. Lemuel, born August I, 1714, married 
Svbil . 

(R") Moses (2), son of Moses (i) Whit- 
ney, was born in 1690, and died in May, 1778. 
He resided at Littleton and Lunenburg. His 
will was dated July 12, 1774, proved June 3, 

1778. He married (first) Elizabeth ; 

(second) November 20, 1766, Sarah Cary. 
Children: i. Salmon, born January 8, 1712, 

marrieil Sarah . 2. Aaron, March 14, 

1 7 14, mentioned below. 3. Sarah, September 
29. 1 7 16, married, June 11, 1734. Jonathan 
Wood. 4. Barnabas, January 22, 1721, died 
young. 5. Ephraim, March i, 1723, married 
Jane Bancroft. 6. Bazaleel, November 29, 
1726. 7. Lydia, Lancaster, married Deacon 
Samuel Taylor. 8. Mary, Lancaster, married 
February 22, 1753, John White. 

(V) Rev. Aaron, son of JNIoses (2) Whit- 
ney, was born March 14, 1714, in Littleton, 
Massachusetts, died September 8, 1779. He 
was ordained the first minister of the Peter- 
sham church in December, 1738. From the 
first he was an uncompromising Tory, and 
popular indignation rose to such a pitch that 
in 1774 he was dismissed from his parish. 
He refused, however, to accept his papers, and 
by vote of the town, Peter Gore, a half-breed 
Indian, was stationed at the meeting house 
door with a musket to keep the Tory preacher 
from entering. He afterwards preached at 
his own house regularly to those who sympa- 


thized with the royal cause, and claimed to be 
the minister of the town up to the time of his 
death in 1779. His will was dated July 15, 
1779, and the estate was settled by agreement 
of heirs, November 12,1779. He married (first) 
July 12, 1739, Alice Baker, of Phillipston, 
born 1718, died August 26, 1767. He mar- 
ried (second) November 6, 1768, Mrs. Ruth 
(Hubbard) Stearns, born 1716, died Novem- 
ber I, 1788, daughter of Jonathan Hubbard, 
of Lunenburg, and widow of Rev. David 
Stearns. Children: i. Abel, born at Little- 
ton, July 7, 1740, died Alarch 15, 1756, while 
attending Harvard College, and was buried in 
Cambridge, where his stone with a Latin in- 
scription still stands. 2. Charles, May 14, 
1742. 3. Peter, September 6, 1744, men- 
tioned below. 4. Aaron, September 5, 1746, 
married (first) Hannah Stearns; (second) 
Hannah Willard. 5. Alice, September 23, 
1748, married, August 19, 1773, Ensign Mann. 
6. Lucy, April 9, 1751, married Rev. Dr. 
Samuel Kendall. 7. Paul, ]\Iarch 23, 1753, 
married Charlotte Clapp. 8. Abel, ]\Iarch 15, 
1756, married Clarissa Dwight. 9. Richard, 
February 23, 1757. 

(V'L) Rev. Peter, son of Rev. Aaron Whit- 
ney, was born in Petersham, September 6, 
1744, died February 19, 1816. After attend- 
ing the schools of his native town, he entered 
Harvard College and graduated in 1762. He 
was settled as minister first in Fitchburg in 
1764, preaching in the tavern of Thomas 
Cowdin for a year. He was ordained minis- 
ter at Xorthborough, November 4, 1767, where 
he remained until his death. He was the 
author of an excellent history of Worcester 
county (1793), and of sermons and papers 
in the Memoirs of the American Academy. 
He was a very methodical man, always walk- 
ing with his wife to meeting, followed by his 
ten children, always in the exact order of 
their age. A family in his parish invited Dr. 
Puffer, of Berlin, to attend a funeral of one 
of the family, whereupon Rev. Mr. Whitney, 
minister of the town, wrote that unless the 
matter was satisfactorily explained, all min- 
isterial intercourse must cease. Dr. Puffer 
was able and willing to explain, and their 
amicable relations continued. The correspond- 
ence in the case is a fine specimen of precise, 
dignified and courteous composition. The 
History of Northborough says of him: "Dis- 
tinguished for the urbanity of his manners, 
easy and familiar in his intercourse with his 
people ; hospitable to strangers, and always 
ready to give a hearty welcome to his numer- 

ous friends ; punctual to his engagements , 
observing an exact method in the distribution 
of his time ; having a time for everything, and 
doing everything in its time without hurry or 
confusion ; conscientious in the discharge of 
his duties as a Christian minister; catholic in 
his principles and in his conduct ; always tak- 
ing an interest in whatever concerned the 
prosperity of the town and the interests of 
religion — he was for many years the happy 
minister of a kind and affectionate people." 
His will was proved September 28, 181 3. He 
married, March 11, 1768, Julia Lambert, born 
April 9, 1742, daughter of William Lambert, 
of Reading. Children: i. Thomas L., born 
December 10, 1768, married Mary Lincoln; 
died June, 1812. 2. Peter, January 19, 1770, 
married, Jane Lambert Lincoln. 3. Julia, 
August 25, 1772, married, 1799, Captain Anti- 
pas Brigham; died November 29, 1800. 4. 
Margaret, February 12, 1774, died February 
3, 1849; married Dr. Josiah Adams. 5. Eliza- 
beth, September 6, 1775, died September 26, 
1856; married Ebenezer Adams. 6. William, 
December 14, 1776, married Zilpah Eager. 7. 
Aaron, August 17. 1778, went west. 8. Julia, 
died young. 9. Abel, November 3, 1781, men- 
tioned below. 10. Sally (twin), November 3, 
1781, married-, January 6, 1806, Lemuel 
Brackett; died May 3, 1864. 

(VH) Deacon Abel, son of Rev. Peter 
Whitney, was born at Northborough, Novem- 
ber 3, 1781, died at Cambridge, February 22, 
1853. He was educated in the district school, 
and learned his trade in Boston of Stephen 
Bass, cabinetmaker. After his marriage he 
went to live on the estate inherited by his 
wife at Porter square on North avenue (now 
Massachusetts avenue) adjoining Arlington 
street and the Fitchburg railroad. He fol- 
lowed his trade in Cambridge, having his shop 
at what is now the corner of Massachusetts 
avenue and Mount \'ernon street. He made 
cases for Aaron Willard, the celebrated clock- 
maker, and furniture for many of the best 
families of the vicinity. In later years his 
three sons, William L., Augustus A. and Ben- 
jamin W. Whitney, learned their trade in his 
shop and were associated with him in the busi- 
ness. He retired from active labor a few 
years before his death. He was a Whig in 
politics and was selectman of the town of 
Cambridge in 1838-39 and chairman of the 
board. He held other offices of trust and 
honor. In the First Unitarian Church at 
Harvard Square, of which he was a faithful 
member for many years, he was deacon for a 


period of eighteen years, during the pastor- 
ate of Rev. Mr. Holmes, father of Dr. Oliver 
Wendell Holmes. He was highly respected 
and honored by his townsmen. He was of 
kindly nature, sympathetic and helpful in his 
relations to others, and charitable in speech 
and gifts to the unfortunate. He married, 
December 21, 1809, at Brookline, Susannah 
\\'hite, died December 14, 1867, daughter of 
Benjamin and Thankful (White) White. 
Children: I. William Lambert, born March 
II, 181 1, mentioned below. 2. Augustus A., 
December 4, 1812, deacon of the First Church, 
Cambridge, from 1853 until his death, July 
29, 1891 ; had no children. 3. Benjamin W., 
August 9, 1815, died December 19, 1879; 
graduate of Harvard College in 1838 and a 
lawyer. 4. Susan E., February 20, 1817, 
married, January 31, 1856, James Brackett ; 
had no children. 5 Abigail W., April 10, 
1827, lived at Cambridge, married Moses G. 

(\"ni) \\''illiam Lambert, son of Deacon 
Abel Whitney, was born at Cambridge, March 
II, 181 1, died there May 29, 1900. He was 
educated in the public schools of Cambridge 
and at Bradford Academy, Massachusetts. 
He learned the trade of cabinetmaker in his 
father's shop. In 1833 he entered into part- 
nership with James Brackett. his brother-in- 
law, and under the firm name of Whitney & 
Brackett, engaged in the furniture business. 
Afterward his brother, Augustus A. Whitney, 
was admitted to the firm, the name of which 
then became \\'hitney, Brackett & Company. 
In 1850 Mr. Whitney sold his interests to Mr. 
Brackett and the name of Whitney & Brackett 
was resumed. This firm sold the business 
finally to Worcester Brothers, who are still in 
active business in Cambridge. In 1850 Mr. 
Whitney established his insurance business, 
opening an office in the building in which the 
furniture store was located. His brother 
Benjamin W. had a law office in the same 
building. In 1857 he became treasurer of the 
Cambridge Savings Bank, which occupied his 
office originally. He filled this responsible 
office faithfully and creditably until 1866, 
when he resigned and retired from active 
business. He was one of the prime movers 
in the building of the Harvard branch rail- 
road in 1849 and a director of the company. 
The road did not pay and in 1855 was aban- 
doned and the land sold. His residence was 
at 31 Hawthorne street, near Brattle square, 
Cambridge. He was a member of the First 
Church of Cambridge (Unitarian), and was 

a director of the American Unitarian Associa- 
tion for ten years, resigning in October, 1888, 
on account of impaired hearing. He was 
originally a Whig in politics, but voted the 
first Republican ticket, and was a leading and 
influential Republican for many years. He 
was a member of the first common council of 
the city of Cambridge, and in 1846-47 he was 
elected to the board of aldermen for 1848-71- 
72-74-75, and took a lively interest in muni- 
cipal aft'airs. He was chairman and clerk of 
the board of assessors in 1850-51-52. When a 
young man he belonged to the Cambridge City 
Guards, and in 1837 was a member of the 
Friends Fire Society. "He was an intense 
lover of his country and a diligent student of 
its early history and he cherished the recol- 
lection of the early struggles of its founders 
in their endeavors to make secure the blessings 
of civil and religious freedom. In his inter- 
course with friends and neighbors he bore him- 
self with a dignity of manner gentle and win- 
ning and he upheld a stately courtesy towards 
all with whom he came in contact, thus ever 
unconsciously vindicating his title to the grand 
old name of gentleman. Though in the latter 
portion of his life his physical activity had 
greatly lessened, he nevertheless maintained 
his interest in general aft'airs and his devotion 
to a high ideal of right was undiminished." 
He married (first) October 18, 1836, Lucy 
Ann Jones, born June 9, 1812, died August 10, 
1838. He married (second) at Quincy, Mas- 
sachusetts, July 28, 1840, Rebecca Richardson 
Brackett, born March 26, 1809, died December 
8, 1881, daughter of Lemuel and Sally (Whit- 
ney) Brackett. Her father was president of 
the Quincy Granite Bank. Children, born at 
(Cambridge: i. Lucy Ann, August 14,1841. 
2. William Lambert. February I, 1844, men- 
tioned below. 3. Julia Ann, August i, 1847, 
married, October 4. 1876, Rev. James Edward 
Wright, born July 9, 1839: children: i. 
Chester Wright, born May 27, 1879, graduate 
of Harvard College in 1901, teacher in the 
ITniversity of Chicago; ii. Rebecca Whitney 
Wright, July II, 1880. graduate of Radcliffe 
College in 1903: iii. Sibvl Wright, August 12, 

(IX ) William Lambert (2), son of W illiani 
Lambert ( i ) \Miitney, was born at Cambridge, 
February I, 1844. He attended the public 
schools of his native town and fitted for col- 
lege at the private school of E. S. Dixwell, 
Boston. He was clerk in the Cambridge Sav- 
ings Bank, of which his father was treasurer, 
until he enlisted in August, 1862, in the civil 



war for nine months in Company E, Forty- 
fourth Massachusetts Regiment, Captain 
Spencer W. Richardson, Colonel Francis Lee. 
The regiment left Camp JNIeigs at Readville, 
October 15, was reviewed by Governor An- 
. drew in Boston, and sailed on the transport 
"Merrimac" to ]\'Iorehead City, North Caro- 
lina, near Beaufort, landing October 26, pro- 
ceeding thence to Xewbern, North Carolina, 
on platform cars in a terrific rainstorm. They 
went into camp with part of the brigade under 
Colonel Thomas G. Stevenson of the Eigh- 
teenth Army Corps. Under General Foster 
they sailed on the transport down the Neuse 
river to Pamlico Sound and thence up the Tar 
river to Washington, North Carolina, whence 
they marched on November 2 to the north- 
ward twenty miles and engaged the Rebels at 
Rawle's Mills, near ^^'illiamston. The follow- 
ing day they marched by way of Hamilton 
towards Tarboro. On the fifth they retraced 
their steps towards Hamilton, marched to 
Plymouth and took transports back to New- 
bern, where they remained until December 11. 
Four brigades including his regiment left 
Newbern at that time and fought in an en- 
gagement, December 14, at Kinston, two days 
later at Whitehall and one day later at Golds- 
boro, returning to camp at Newbern, Decem- 
ber 20. The regiment marched to Plymouth, 
February i, 1863, and was engaged in for- 
aging in that section until March 10, 1863. 
Five days later the regiment reinforced the 
garrison at \A'ashington, North Carolina, on 
the Tar and Pamlico rivers and on the thir- 
tieth were besieged by the Confederates. 
Numerous engagements were fought between 
April I and 15 and the enemy finally had to 
retire. The regiment did service as provost 
guard at Newbern from April 23 to June 6, 
then went by rail to Morehead City, embarking 
on the steamers "Guide" and "George Pea- 
body" for Boston, reaching port June 10, 1863, 
after a rough passage and was mustered out 
at Readville, June 19. Air. WHiitney spent the 
next thirteen months as clerk in the dry goods 
store of Houghton, Sawyer & Company, 28 
Pearl street, Boston. He was then commis- 
sioned second lieutenant b}' Governor An- 
drew and assigned to Company G. Fifty- 
fourth Massachusetts Regiment, December '3, 

1864, then at Devaux Neck. South Carolina, 
under Colonel Edward N. Hallowell. He took 
part in engagements about Pocotaligo and later 
occupied Charleston and Savannah. In April, 

1865, he took part in Potter's raid and was 
acting adjutant at that time. He took 

part in the engagement at Eppes" Bridge, 
April 7, at Dingle Mill, April 9, at Boykins 
Mills, April 18, at Big Rafting Creek, April 
19, and at Statesburg, April 19. He was 
ordered to Fort Johnson in command of Com- 
pany K to dismount guns on James Island 
and was thus employed until August. The 
regiment was stationed at Mount Pleasant 
where it was mustered out August 20, 1865. 
He then ranked as first lieutenant. This regi- 
ment was the historic command of Colonel 
Robert Gould Shaw, of Boston, who was 
killed at Fort Wagner at the head of his 
regiment. The memorial to Shaw and the 
negro regiment he raised — the Fifty-fourth — 
stands on Boston Common opposite the state 
house. Lieutenant Whitney returned to Bos- 
ton on board the steamer "C. F. Thomas" with 
the regiment and remained on Gallop's Island 
until September 2, 1865. He has in his pos- 
session carefully preserved and framed a piece 
of the old regimental flag. The history of 
this regiment entitled "A Brave Black Regi- 
ment'' was written by one of the captains. 

Mr. Whitney entered partnership, after the 
war. with Charles E. Tucker and Thomas L. 
Appleton, under the firm name of Tucker, 
Appleton & Whitney, in the retail hardware 
business at the corner of Union and Friend 
streets, Boston, but two years later he sold his 
interests to his partners and removed to Coun- 
cil Bluft's, Iowa, to engage in the china, glass- 
ware and house furnishing trade. He entered 
partnership in February, 1868, with Elijah 
C. Lawrence under the firm name of Lawrence 
& Whitney in a store at 409 Broadway, Coun- 
cil Blufifs, Iowa. Mr. Lawrence retired from 
the firm in August, 1871. and Mr. Whitney 
continued until 18S1, when owing to the ill 
health of his mother he disposed of his busi- 
ness and returned to Cambridge. In Septem- 
ber, 1881, he purchased the Jewett homestead 
at 74 \Vaban Park, Newton, where he has 
since resided. After five years of retirement, 
Mr. Whitney entered the employ of the Bos- 
ton Safe Deposit & Trust Company, Milk 
street, in a clerical capacity. He was con- 
nected with this institution for twenty-one 
3'ears, filling various positions of trust and 
responsibility. He had charge of the trust 
flepartment for a number of years, and in 1900 
became assistant treasurer. He resigned in 
1007 and since then has been living a quiet 
and retired life at his home in Waban Park. 
He is a Republican in politics and a Unitarian 
in religion. He joined the Massachusetts 
Commandery, Military Order of the Loyal 


Legion, May i, 1889, and was a member of 
John A. Andrew Post, No. 15, Grand Army 
of the Repubhc. He married, at MontpeHer, 
Vermont, November 12, 1872, A!pa Matilda 
Nutt, born at jNIontpelier, July 27, 1848, 
daughter of Henry and Asenath (Wheeler) 
Nutt. (See Nutt). Children: Lambert 
Nutt, born November 15, 1873, graduate of 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technolog}^ 
electrical engineer formerly with the American 
Telephone & Telegraph Company, now divi- 
sion superintendent of the Central Union Tele- 
graph Company at Indianapolis, Indiana. 2- 
George Brackett, May 12, 1875, mechanical 
engineer in the employ of the General Electric 
Company at Lynn, Massachusetts ; married, 
March 21, 1902, Ethelyn M. ^Morris, of Ra- 
cine, Wisconsin. 3. W'illiam Richardson. May 
I, 1877, died February 16, 1878. 4. Philip 
Richardson, December 31, 1878, married, April 
17, 1906, Helen Reed Jones, of Brookline; 
children: Reed, born April 11. 1907; Alpa, 
January 10, 1909. 

(The Null Line) 

\\ illiam Nutt, immigrant ancestor, was born 
in or near Londonderry, Ireland. He came to 
this country when a young man with the first 
body of Scotch-Irish who settled at Nutfield, 
later Londonderry, New Hampshire. His 
family seems to have been in Ireland among 
the Scotch Presbyterians but a short time. 
The name is English, of Danish origin, dating 
back to the days of King Canute or Knut 
(meaning knot in English), as the name was 
spelled originally. The name of this branch 
of the family has been spelled Nutt since about 
1500 and the principal home of the family 
was Kent, England. William Nutt was mayor 
of Canterbury in 1533 and it is likely that the 
family in Ireland belongs to the Kent family, 
for in the present generation a branch of the 
family lived across the Irish Sea in Barn- 
staple, Devonshire, and the writer has knowl- 
edge of the English origin of one other Pro- 
testant family of this name in Ireland. 

William Nutt was a fuller by trade, and was 
in the employ of Captain David Cargill, who 
established the first fulling mill in London- 
derry. Nutt's homestead lot was drawn Sep- 
tember 26, 1720, sixty acres, east of E.xeliel 
Pond. He married, at Bradford, Massa- 
chusetts, where his former pastor. Rev. 
Thomas Symmes, was located, Jean Colbath 
fColbreath or Galbraith), May 29, 1723, the 
marriage being recorded at Londonderry. She 
was sister of the progenitor of \'ice-President 

Henry Wilson, whose name was originally 
John Jeremiah Colbath. William Nutt worked 
for Cargill until the latter's death, when he 
bought the mill, August 15, 1733. In 1739 
he sold out his mill and farm in Londonderry 
and became one of the first settlers of the ad- 
joining town of Chester. About 1740 he and 
his son, John Nutt, built their saw mill at 
Chester. William Nutt died intestate Octo- 
ber 26, 1751. His widow Jean was adminis- 
tratrix. She died at St. Georges, Eastward 
(near Thomaston, Maine), in 1771. She 
probably lived there with her son. Colonel 
David Nutt. Her son William, of Derryfield, 
New Hampshire, was administrator. Children : 
I. John, born 1724, died 1757; soldier in the 
French war. 2. Samuel, mentioned below. 
3. Colonel David, 1728: in French war -and 
revolution. 4. ^^'illiam, 1730. 5. Robert. 6. 
Nathaniel. 7. Benjamin. 8. Jean. q. Mary, 
died young. 10. James, died young. 

(II) Samuel, son of William Nutt, was 
born in Londonderry, New Hampshire. He 
was a carpenter by trade, and worked with 
his father in the saw mill at Chester. He 
bought the interests of the other heirs after 
his father's death. He bought a farm in 
Weare, New Hampshire, July 6, 1763, lived 
there a few years, and was a town officer in 
1765. He moved a few miles to what is now 
Francestown, adjoining New Boston, in 1767, 
and was the seventh settler of Francestown, 
one of its incorporators, and its first town 
clerk. He was constable, tj'thingman, and on 
various town committees. He served in 1774 
on the committee of safety, and was for a 
short time in the revolution. In 1780 he was 
called ensign on the records. He was on the 
committee for Francestown to consider the 
state constitution in 1788. His house on the 
old road from Francestown to New Boston 
now constitutes the ell part of a brick farm 
house. His farm is known as the Pettee place 
and is marked by magnificent elms which he 
is said to have planted. Samuel Nutt sold his 
farm in 1797 and removed to Topsham, Ver- 
mont, where his sons and sons-in-law also 

located. He married (first) Gordon, 

who died without issue. He married (second ) 
in 1759, Elizabeth Dickey, daughter of Adam 
and Elizabeth (MacPherson) Dickey, all of 
Londonderry, and all Scotch pioneers there. 
His wife died September 13, 1801, aged sixty- 
one years, and is buried at Newport, New 
Hampshire. He died July 5, 1808, aged sev- 
entv-nine, probably at Topsham. Children : 
I. William, born 'March 14, 1760, married 


Mary Brewster. 2. Elizabeth, September 3, 
1761, married Alexander Thompson; died 
May 27, 1818. 3. Eleanor, July 3, 1763, 
died September 23, 1843. 4- James, March 
29, 1764, died 1765. 5. Samuel, June 4, 1766, 
died 1782. 6. John, February 29, 1768, men- 
tioned below. 7. Joseph, November 13, 1769, 
died 1813. 8. Benjamin, July 10, 1771, died 
1792. 9. Adam, December 13, 1772. 10. 
Jenny, September 23, 1774, died 1792. 11. 
Ann Wilson, February 14, 1776, died 1862; 
married John Brewster. 12. Jean, September 

3. 1777, died 1793. 13. David, July 6, 1779, 
died August 10, 1845. 14. Margaret, April 
24, 1781, died August 9, 1864; married Joseph 
Towner. 15. Infant, June 16, 1783, died same 
day. 16. Samuel, December 16, 1784, black- 
smith by trade; became minister of Christian 
church and a famous evangelist : died 1872. 
17. James Dickey, September 14, 1788, died 

1833, settled in New York. 

fill) John, son of Samuel Nutt, was born 
February 29, 1768. He settled in West Top- 
sham, Vermont, in 1 801, where some of his 
descendants are still living. He was one of 
the first settlers of that place. He married 
(first) Sarah Bagley, and (second) Elizabeth 
Rogers, who died August 10, 1847. Children : 
I. Samuel, born December 23, 1791. 2. Anna 
Willson, February 15, 1793, died 1793. 3 
John, July 23, 1794, died at St. Helena, 1816. 

4. Sally, September 16, 1795, died same day 

5. David Burnett, March 24, 1797. 6. Ira 
May 29. 1798. 7. Mehitable. September 2 
1799. 8. Elizabeth, January 19, 1801. 9 
Hiram, May 19, 1802. 10. Levi, January 12 
1804. II. Thomas Rogers, June 20, 1805 

12. Henry, May 26, 1807, mentioned below 

13. Ora. October 29, 1808. 14. Esther, Oc- 
tober 18, 1810, died January 13, 1833. 15. 
Sarah, June 20, 1812, married. January 14, 
1836, Stephen Ives. 16. Daniel. September 
13, 1814. 17. Xancv. June 13, 1816, married 

Elliott. 18.' Alary, October 11, 1818, 

died October 20, 1828. 

(IV) Henn,', son of John Xutt, was born 
May 26, 1807, died at Montpelier, Vermont, 
November 30, 1890. He was a most respected 
citizen and a pillar of the Methodist church. 
He married, May 28, 1828, Asenath Wheeler, 
born at Montpelier, July 4, 1807, died there 
May 18, 1882. Children: i. Edwin Delorme, 
born April 4, 1829, died July i, 1834. 2. 
Sophia Wheeler, June 24, 1831, died July 5, 
1832. 3. Henry "Clay, June 28, 1833, died 
August 15, 1892. 4. VVheeler, August 11, 

1834, died November 18, 1834. 5. Fannie 

Wheeler, ]\Iarch 2, 1836, died November 8, 
1864. 6. Hulda French, Alay 29, 1837, died 
August 18, 1868. 7. Asenath Maria, June 30, 
1839, died August 31, 1864. 8. John, Decem- 
ber 28, 1840, died October 28, 1841. 9. Jo- 
seph (twin), December 28, 1840, died January 
I. 1841. 10. Mary Lucinda, November 11, 
1842. II. David Wing, August 30, 1845, died 
September 6, 1845. 12. Alpa Matilda, July 
27, 1848, married W. L. Whitney. (See 
Whitney). 13. Edwin Alonzo, March 17, 1851. 

{For first generation see John Whitney i). 

(II) Thomas, son of John 
WHITNEY and Elinor Whitney, was 
born in England, 1629, came 
to New England with his father in 1635, was 
made freeman in Watertown in 1690, died 
September 20, 1719 He lived in Watertown 
and Stow. He married, January 11, 1654-55, 
Mary, daughter of Thomas Kettell, who had 
six pieces of common land granted to him in 
1642. Children: i. Thomas, born August 
24, 1656; married Elizabeth Lawrence. 2. 
John, born Alay 9, 1659, died May 16, 1659. 
3. John, born August 22, 1660, died August 
26, 1660. 4. Eleazer, born September 2,1662. 
5. Elnathan, twin with Eleazer, died March 
8, 1727. 6. -Mary, born December 22, 1663, 
died young. 7. Bezaleel, born September 16, 
1665. 8. Sarah, born March 23, 1667, mar- 
ried Charles Chadwick. 9. Mary, born 
August 6, 1668, died September 6, 1669. 10. 
Isaiah, born September 16, 1671. married 
Sarah (Woodward) Eddy. 11. Martha, born 
January 30, 1673. 

(Ill) Eleazer, son of Thomas and Mary 
( Kettell) \Miitney, was born in ^^^atertown, 
September 2, 1662. He was a wheelwright by 
trade, and probably spent the greater part of 
his life in Sudbury, where he was living in 
1693. He married, April 11, 1687, Dorothy, 
daughter of James Ross, of Sudbury. She 
died June 22, 1731. Children, all baptized in 
Second Church in Watertown : i. Sarah, born 

in Sudbury, May 29, 1688, married 

Ball. 2. Eleazer, born March 5, 1690, 
died young. 3. James, born February 12, 
1697, died November 20, 1697. 4. Mary, born 
November 20, 1697, baptized January 28, 1699 ; 
married Abraham Chamberlain, of Roxbury. 
5. Thomas, baptized January 28, 1699. 6. 
James, baptized January 28, 1699, died young. 
7. Dorothy, born April 24, 1700. 8. Eleazer, 
born April 15, 1702. 9. Elnathan, born May 
5, 1705. 10. James, baptized June i, 1708. 
1 1. Jonas, born 1709. 


(IV) Jonas, youngest son and child of 
Eleazer and Dorothy (Ross) Whitney, was 
born in 1709, baptized July 14, 1723, and lived 
in Roxbury. Little else is known of him 
except that he married, in Roxbury, May 8, 
1735. Sarah Perry. Children, all born in Rox- 
bury: I. Isaac, April 11, 1736, died January 

4. 1777. 2. Jacob, July 24, 1737, see forward. 
3. Jonas, November 28, 1739. 4. Sarah, Feb- 
ruary 26, 1741, died September 28, 1824; mar- 
ried, 1775, Nehemiah \Vard. 5. Abner, No- 
vember 17, 1744. 6. Desire, October 31, 1749, 
died June 23, 1778; married, 1769, Edward 

(V) Sergeant Jacob, son of Jonas and Sarah 
(Perry) Whitney, was born in Roxbury, July 
24, 1737, and died in West Roxbury, January 
14, 1803. He was with the British troops at 
the capture of Louisburg, Canada. He was a 
soldier of the revolution, serving as orderly 
sergeant in Captain Corey's company of Rox- 
bury men. He married, November 15, 1759, 
Rachel Whiting. Children, all born in Spring 
street, \\'est Roxbury: i. Prudence, July 25, 
1760; married Lewis Jones, 2. Reuben, No- 
vember 6, 1762; served three years during the 
revolutionary war in First Massachusetts artil- 
lery company, with General Knox. 3. Lemuel, 
April 29, 1765. 4, Jabez, November 30, 1767, 

5. Hannah, April 8, 1772, died July 14, 1789. 

6. Moses, January 20, 1775. 

(VD General Moses, youngest son and 
child of Sergeant Jacob and Rachel (Whiting) 
Whitney, was born in West Roxbury, January 
20, 1775, and died in Milton, Massachusetts, 
December 24, 1859. In 1787 he went to Blue 
Hill, Milton, and there served an apprentice- 
ship with Joseph Billings to the trade of tanner, 
currier and leather dresser. For a time after- 
ward he worked at the bench, but in 1796 
established himself in business in Milton, re- 
moving thence to Dorchester in 1797, but re- 
turning to Milton in 1805. In the following 
year he purchased what was called the "Rising 
Sun" estate, and in 1809 acquired the Nancy 
Paine estate, thus becoming owner of a large 
property in lands extending from the old 
Plymouth road to Neponset river. He extended 
the wharf, and in 1810 built a large tan house. 
General Whitney was one of the foremost men 
of Milton in his time and carried on e.xtensive 
operations, having engaged in the leather busi- 
ness for a period of sixty-three years, exclu- 
sive of the time served as an apprentice. In 
1819 he built the Whitney mansion on Milton 
Hill, and about the same time bought Swift's 
wharf, which he enlarged, and for the follow- 

ing twenty years dealt extensively in lumber 
and wool in addition to his leather business. 
He was appointed postmaster of Milton, De- 
cember 19, 1805, succeeding Dr. Samuel R. 
Glover, and served until 1816. He was com- 
missioned captain of militia in 1816, colonel 
in 1821, and afterward was made brigadier- 
general of the first brigade, first division, 
Massachusetts militia. General Whitney mar- 
ried (first) April 14, 1797, Rebecca Dunbar, 
of Cohasset, Massachusetts, who died Febru- 
ary 4, 1824; (second) at Andover, Massachu- 
setts, Mary P., widow of Dr. Thomas Kittredge, 
of Gloucester. She survived him and died in 
Milton in 1865. Children, all born of his first 
marriage: i. Hannah, November 19, 1797, 

died 1832; married Holbrook, of Bill- 

ingham, ^lassachusetts. 2. Moses. October 7, 
1802, married Elizabeth G. Sanderson. 3. 
Mary, April 17, 1805; married George Bat- 
son Jones, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ; died 
in 1890. 4. Seth Dunbar, September 13, 1807. 
5. Warren Jacob, 181 1, died 1891. 

(VII) Seth Dunbar, son of General Moses 
and Rebecca (Dunbar) Whitney, was born in 
Milton, Massachusetts, September 13, 1807, 
and died there October 4, 1890. He received 
his early education in the public schools of 
his native town and the academy at Bridge- 
water, and after leaving school at once began 
his business career in association with his 
father, as wool dealer and manufacturer of 
morocco leather. In 1839, with a partner, he 
purchased the long lease of a wharf adjoining 
the Whitney property, and for several years 
carried on the lumber business which had 
previously been established by his father. In 
1843 he again became interested in the wool 
business with his father, continued it about 
ten years, and then became senior partner 
of the Boston firm of Whitney, Kendall & 
Company, wholesale dealers in hides and 
leather. However, upon the death of his father 
in 1859, Mr. Whitney retired from active busi- 
ness connections of all kinds. His comfort- 
able residence on Milton Hill was erected soon 
after his marriage, on lands formerly of the 
Russell estate and on the corner opposite to 
that on which in 1819 his father built the Whit- 
ney house, and there he continued to live until 
1861, when he purchased the old Vose mansion 
house at Elm Corner, Milton Centre, moved 
it to a new site on lands across the street which 
he inherited from his father, and there made 
his home so long as he lived, although he left 
it in intervals of travel and temporary resi- 
dence elsewhere. Besides Whitney homestead 


on the old estate, ]\Irs. Whitney built a resi- 
dence for her own occupancy, but nearly all of 
her literary work was done at the "Elm 

Mr. Whitney was a very capable and active 
business man, of strong character, conserva- 
tive habits, quiet in his social life, and de- 
votedly loyal in his domestic attachments. Dur- 
ing the earlier part of his business career he 
took an earnest part in public affairs, and was 
strongly allied to the principles of the old Whig 
party, although he did not at any time become 
ambitious of public office. About the time of 
the disintegration of the Whig party and the 
organization of the Republican party which 
grew out of it, he had become partially deaf, 
and this affliction was the chief cause of his 
withdrawal from all outside affairs. In speak- 
ing of this period and the later years of his 
own life and that of his wife, Mrs. Whitney 
said : "We were both for a long time occu- 
pied with our family — our children's marriages 
and our frequent adaptation of our plans to 
theirs, in the temporary absence I have men- 
tioned, and the last years were spent in a very 
unbroken quiet at the home in IMilton." 

At Dorchester, Massachusetts, November 7, 
1843, Mr. Whitney married Adeline Dutton 
Train, born in Boston, September 15, 1824, 
daughter of Enoch Train, founder of a line 
of packet ships between Boston and Liverpool, 
cousin of George Francis Train, author, trav- 
eller and political economist, a brilliant man, 
of splendid mind and worldwide celebrity. 
Enoch Train, born about 1800, was son of 
Enoch Train, born February 10, 1763, married 
(published) May 5, 1791, Hannah Ewing, 
whose father was a Scotchman and chaplain in 
the British army. Enoch Train was son of 
Samuel Train, of Weston, Massachusetts, born 
December 22, 171 1, died 1806; married (first) 
April, 1738, Mary Holding, of Concord; (sec- 
ond) December 31, 1741, Rachel Allen. 
Samuel Train was son of John Train, of 
Watertown, born October 31, 1662: married, 
May 5, 1705, Lydia Jennison. John Train was 
son of John Train, of Watertown, born May 
25. 1651, died February 19, 1717-18; married, 
March 24, 1674-75, Mary Stubbs. John Train, 
last mentioned, was son of John Traine, or 
Trayne, who came over in the "Susan and 
Ellen" in 1635, being then twenty-five years 
old. In the same ship came ]\Iargaret Dix, 
whom he married, probably after their arrival 
in New England. She died December 18, 
1660, aged forty-four years, and he married 
(second) October 12, 1675, Abigail Bent, who 

died August 17, 1691. John Traine took the 
oath of fidelity in 1662, and died January 29, 
1680-81, leaving an estate of the value of two 
hundred and sixty-eight pounds. He was an 
early settler at \\'atertown farms, now Weston, 

Mrs. Adeline Dutton (Train) Whitney was 
a woman of rare culture and literary genius. 
She was educated chiefly in Boston, and was 
nineteen years old at the time of her marriage 
with Seth Dunbar Whitney. Her writings 
always have been of the most useful character, 
designed especially to instruct young persons 
and at the same time to afford such interest to 
persons of maturer years. Her famous "Alpha- 
bet Blocks" are patented, and readily found 
their way into general use. Besides her many 
contributions to current literature in our 
domestic magazines, she is author of the poem, 
"Footsteps on the Seas." Boston, 1857; 
"Mother Goose for Grown Folks," New York, 
i860, second editions, Boston, 1870 and 1882; 
"Boys at Chequassett," Boston, 1862 ; "Faith 
Cartney's Girlhood," Boston, 1863 ; "The Gay- 
worthys," 1865; 'W Summer in Leslie Gold- 
thwaite's Life," 1866: "Patience Strong's Out- 
ings," 1868: "Hitherto," 1869; "We Girls," 
1870; "Real Folks," 1871 ; "Tansies" (poem), 
1872: "The Other Girls," 1873; "Sights and 
Insights," 1876; "Just How. A Keynote to 
the Cook Books," 1878; "Odd or Even," 1880; 
"Bonnyborough," 1885; "Homespun Yarns," 
"Holy Tides," 1886: "Dafifodils." Bird Talk," 
1887. The last three are volumes of verse. 
"Ascutney Street," 1890; "Golden Gossip," 
1892 ; "Friendly Letters to Girl Friends," 1896 ; 
"The Open Mystery," 1897; "Biddy's Epi- 
sodes," 1904. 

Children of Seth Dunbar and Adeline Dut- 
ton (Train) Whitney: i. Mary Adeline, born 
September 27, 1844, died at St. Paul, Minne- 
sota, December 16, 1867; married, February 
17, 1867, Colonel Charles Russell Suter, United 
States Engineers, and had Charles Russell Jr., 
died December, 1867. 2. Theodore Train, born 
April 26, 1846. 3. Maria Caroline, born Au- 
gust 25, 1848, died in infancy. 4. Caroline 
Leslie, born November 10, 1853, married, 
October 13, 1875, James A. Field, of Beloit, 
Wisconsin, born August 8, 1847, died January 
17, 1884. Mr. Field was born in Beloit, and 
was educated first at an academy in New 
Jersey, later in the Boston (Massachu.setts) 
Institute of Technology, and still later at the 
L'niversity of Munich, Bavaria, Germany. He 
was a mechanical engineer, and after marriage 
went with his wife to Beloit, where he had 



interests in iron works. Subsequently they 
made their home in New Jersey. Their chil- 
dren : William Lusk Webster, born July 17, 
1876; James Alfred, May 26, 1880; Douglas 
Grahame, October i, 1882. 

(\TII) Theodore Train, only son of Seth 
Dunbar and Adeline Dutton (Train) Whitney, 
was born in Milton, Massachusetts, April 26, 
1846. He married (first) in Framingham, 
Massachusetts, October 6, 1880, Annie Caro- 
line Mann ; children : i. Theodore Train, born 
in Carondelet, Missouri, July 22, 1881. 2. 
Seth Dunbar, born Lakewood, New Jersey, 
March 17, 1883, died March 30, 1885. 3. 
Mary Adeline, born April 13, 1885. 4. Annie 
Leslie, born July 9, 1887. 5. Elinor, born 
December 2"], 1889, The mother of these chil- 
dren died January 30, 1893. Mr. Whitney 
married (second) April 17, 1895, ^linnie S. 
Kerr, of St. Joseph, Missouri, born January 4, 
1868, daughter of Andrew L. and Mary W. 
(Inslee) Kerr. 

(For ancestry see preceding Whitney sketches). 

(Ill) Nathaniel, son of John 
WHITNEY (2) Whitney, was born Feb- 
ruary I, 1646, died in Weston, 
January 7, 1732. He owned a farm in Weston 
and built the first Whitney house, which stood 
for many generations. He married, March 12, 
1673, Sarah Hagar, born September 3, 1651, 
died ]\Iay 7, 1746. Children: I. Nathaniel, 
born Alarch 5, 1675, married Mercy Robinson. 

2. Sarah, February 12, 1678, married, January 
5, 1709, Jonathan Ball. 3. William, May 6, 
1683, mentioned below. 4. Samuel, baptized 
July 17, 1687. married Ann Laboree. 5. Han- 
nah, baptized March, 1688, married 

Billings. 6. Elizabeth, born December 15, 1692. 
7. Grace, born 1700, died March 23, 1719. 8. 
Mercy, married Greaves. 

(IV) William, son of Nathaniel Whitney, 
was born in ^Veston, I\Iay 6, 1683, died Janu- 
ary 24, 1720. He lived at Weston and mar- 
ried. May 17, 1706, ]\Iartha Pierce, born De- 
cember 24, 1681. Children: I. William, born 
January 11, 1707, married (first) Hannah 
Harrington; (second) Mrs. Mary Pierce; 
(third) Margaret Spring; (fourth) Mrs. 
Sarah Davis. 2. Judith, November 15, 1712. 

3. Amity, October 6. 1714. 4. Martha. April 

4. 1716, married, February 26, 1734, Timothy 
Mossman. 5. Samuel, May 23, 1719, men- 
tioned below. 

(Y) Lieutenant Samuel, son of William 
Whitney, was born in Weston, May 23, 1719, 
died January i, 1782. He was a leading man 

in the settlement of Westminster, whither he 
went soon after his marriage, probably in 1742. 
His farm there was in 1859 owned by Mr. 
Hartwell, and the old cellar was at last accounts 
still visible. His lot was No. 51, near the 
north common. He was frequently selectman, 
and served as surveyor of highways and 
assessor, and on the standing committee of 
the town. He was on the committee to build 
the schoolhouse and to lay out the highways 
of the town. In 1759 he was one of the largest 
owners of real estate and one of the twelve 
large taxpayers. He served in the revolution 
in Captain Noah Miles' company of minute- 
men. Colonel John Whitcomb's regiment, and 
marched on the alarm at Lexington, April 19, 
1775- He held a commission as lieutenant in 
the militia. He gave to each of his sons land 
for a farm, either before or at his death. He 
married, October 20, 1741, Abigail Fletcher. 
Children: i. Abigail, born August 27, 1742. 
2. Mary, May 29, 1744, married (first) Elijah 
Gibson; (second) Edward Scott. 3. Samuel, 
February 11, 1746, married Thankful Wilder. 
4. Abner, May 18, 1748, married (first) Eliz- 
abeth Glazier; (second) Levina (Glazier) 
Ward. 5. Achsah, September 30, 1750, died 
May 14, 1772. 6. Silas, October 20, 1752, mar- 
ried Sarah Withington. 7. Martha, November 
26, 1755, died young. 8. Elisha, July 2, 1757, 
married Eunice Seaver. 9. Alpheus, February 
25. 1759, married Esther Hartwell. 10. 
Phinehas, January 16, 1761, married Elizabeth 
Rand. 11. Hananiah, December 18, 1762, men- 
tioned below. 12. Martha, September 18, 
1764, married (first) Benjamin Seaver; (sec- 
ond) Isaac Seaver. 13. Susannah, February 
9, 1767, died young. 

(VI) Hananiah, son of Lieutenant Samuel 
Whitney, was born at Westminster, December 
18, 1762, died in 1835. He lived first at West- 
minster and removed to Winchendon, where 
he served as tythingman. His farm was in 
that part of Winchendon known as Royalston 
Leg, on the road to Rindge. He was select- 
man of Winchendon in 1803-04-05, and 
assessor in 1804-06. He was in the revolution 
in Captain Timothy Boutelle's company. Col- 
onel John Rand's regiment, in 1780, to rein- 
force the Continental army at the north. In 
1814 he was ensign of his company in the fifth 
regiment, second brigade. He married, at 
Ashburnham, October 10, 1787, Azubah Keyes, 
born June 5, 1767, in Westminster, died in 
Winchendon, daughter of Eli and Hannah 
(Howe) Keyes, of Westminster. Her father 
was a farmer, a soldier in the French and 



Indian war and in the revolution, dying in the 
service. Children: i. Moses, born November 
28, 1789, married Sophia Cutler. 2. Hananiah, 
May 29, 1792, married Mary L. Beals and 
Sarah Beaman. 3. Alpheus B., March 8, 1794. 
4. Azubah B., August 25, 1796, married Henry 
Rand ; resided in Winchendon and jNIadison, 
Wisconsin! 5. Artemas B., September 5, 1798. 
6. Stacy. 7. Berina, February 4, 1801. 8. 
Esther B.,June 13, 1803. 9. Silas Stacy, June 
27, 1805, married Mary B. Cate. 10. Levi P., 
August 19, 1807. II. Samuel A., November 
10, 1809. 12. Abbv Fletcher, December 27, 

(\''n) Captain Hananiah (2), son of Han- 
aniah ( I ) Whitney, was born in Winchendon, 
May 29, 1792. He was educated in the public 
schools of Winchendon, helped his father on 
the farm in his youth, and afterward followed 
farming in his native town until 1830, when he 
went to Lowell, Massachusetts, where he engag- 
ed in business as a dealer in trunks, leather bags 
and leather goods. Subsequently he had a 
retail boot and shoe store there, and in his 
later years was in the wholesale fruit commis- 
sion business. He bought produce of the 
farmers in the vicinity of Lowell and shipped 
it to the New York market for about ten years. 
He was well known and highly respected in 
business circles, and one of the leading citizens 
of the town. He made a fortune and lost it, 
but always paid his debts in full, scorning to 
compromise. His credit was always good and 
his losses were largely due to his lending his 
endorsement to help friends in business. When 
a young man he was lieutenant in the Fifth 
Massachusetts Regiment, commissioned in 
1816. In 1818 he was commissioned captain 
by Governor Hancock. He was always popu- 
lar and had many friends. On one occasion 
when drilling his command he was annoyed by 
the mischievous interference of spectators who 
wished to confuse the troops. The captain 
quickly stopped the disorder by forming a 
hollow square and charging the crowd with 
fixed bayonets. He was a Republican in his 
later years. He died at Lowell in March, 1867. 
He bought a theatre in Lowell and organized 
a free church on Lowell street. He was a 
member of the Kirk Street Congregational 
Church, later of the High Street Church and 
of John Street Church and was deacon to the 
time of his death. He married (first) Novem- 
ber 26, 1816, Mary Leavitt Beals, born Sep- 
tember 4. 1796, died July 10, 1819, daughter 
of Stowers and Mary (Leavitt) Beals. He 
married (second) October 19, 1820, Sarah 

Turner Beaman, born September 29, 1802, 
died May 18, 1891, at Lowell, daughter of 
David and Polly (Carter) Beaman. Child of 
first wife: I. George Leavitt, born December 
16, 1817, married Harriet Mears ; children: 
Clara, George. Children of second wife : 2. Mary 
Beaman, July 17, 1821, died December, 1892; 
married, September, 1850, Gordon Reed, who 
died September 16, 1872; children: i. Lizzie 
Jane Reed, born August 11, 1851, died October 
5, 1851 ; ii. Frank Sumner Reed, born July 30, 
1853 ; iii. Josephine Frances Reed, born May 
26. i860, married, December 19, 1883, Fred- 
erick Conant, and have daughter, Maud 
Conant. 3. Martha, November 8, 1822, died 
February, 1899; married, ]\Iay 21, 1851, 
Joseph White ; children : i. Joseph Frederick 
White, born June 18, 1854, died May 12, 1857; 
ii. Luther \\liite, born December 30, 1856, 
married, February, 1886, IMamie S. Files; iii. 
Anna Bertha White, born January 28, 1859, 
married, June i, 1882, Frank A. Libby. 4. 
John Milton, September 21, 1824, mentioned 
below. 5. ^\'illiam JMeelus, May 15. 1826. 6. 
Henry Martyn, August 21, 1828, died Decem- 
.ber 2, 1903; married (first) April 25, 1854, 
Harriet Bagley, born August 24, 1829, died 
July 4, 1876; (second) January 30, 1879, 
Mary ^^'heatland Bemis. 7. Charles N., June 
I4,'i83i, died June 12, 1832. 8. Sarah Ann, 
May 15, 1833, married (first) February 24, 
1859, Cornelius Daniel Smith; (second) No- 
vember 18, 1869, \Mlliam Henry Flagg; child 
by her first husband, Frederick Smith, born 
December 8, 1859, died December, 1859 ; chil- 
dren of her second husband : ii. Edith Naomi 
Flagg, born December 5, 1870, died May 8, 
1886; iii. \Mlliam Edson Flagg, born March 
II, 1873, married Harriet \\'. Parker; iv. 
Howland Whitney Flagg, born July 14, 1875. 
9. Elizabeth J., December 15, 1836, married 
(first) July II, i860, Joseph A. Bailey, born 
December i, 1826, died J\larch 18, 1873; (sec- 
ond) April 18, 1874, Captain Spooner Jenkins, 
born September 11, 1829. 10. Harriet Ann, 
September 13, 1838. 11. Abby Amelia, Au- 
gust 20, 1843. 12. Charles Edwards, May 15, 

(VIII) John Milton, son of Hananiah (2) 
Whitney, was born in Winchendon, September 
21, 1824. He began his schooling in his native 
town, and after 1830, when his parents moved 
to Lowell, he attended the public schools 
there. He served an apprenticeship in the 
shops of the Lowell Machine Company and 
worked in Lowell as a journeyman for a time. 
Then he went to Springfield, Massachusetts, 



to work in the machine shops of the Boston 
& Albany railroad. He was promoted from 
time to time and became a passenger con- 
ductor, a position he filled for many years. In 
later life he was a stockholder of the railroad 
company. He died December 3, 1882, at 
Moimt Dora, Florida, whither he had gone 
on account of ill health. Mr. Whitney was a 
Republican in politics, and an active member 
of the Congregational church. He was a per- 
fect gentleman in manner and thought, of 
genial disposition, of tender heart and full of 
sympathy towards those in trouble, of exem- 
plary christian character. Though largely 
self-educated he possessed unusual intellectual 
attainments and his reading covered a wide 
range of subjects and was both thorough and 
extensive. He married, January 3, 1849, Mary 
Leavitt Beals, born November 21, 1827, died 
May 14, 1883, daughter of George Leavitt and 
Nancy (Norcross) Beals. Children: i. John, 
died in infancy. 2. Charles Leavitt Beals, 
born October 21, 1850, mentioned below. 

(TX) Charles Leavitt Beals, son of John 
Milton Whitney, was born at Springfield, Octo- 
ber 21, 1850, died at Brookline, Massachusetts, 
September 14, 1892. He attended the public 
schools of his native city, graduating from the 
Springfield high school in the class of 1867. 
He entered Harvard College from which he 
was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts in the class of 1871. He took high rank 
in scholarship and was appointed to a resident 
fellowship and in 1873 received his doctor's 
degree from Harvard. He studied si.x months 
at the university of Leipsic, Germany, and 
returning, entered Harvard Law School, from 
which he was graduated in 1876. He was 
clerk for a time in the law office of Jewell, Field 
& Shepard and acquired valuable experience 
both in the preparation and trial of cases and 
in the work of the city solicitor of Boston and 
of the Lnited States district attorney. He 
was admitted to the Suffolk bar May n, 1877. 
His liberal education and scholarship, long 
training and natural aptitude for the law 
secured for him a position of importance in 
his profession from the outset. He became 
the law partner of Governor William Gaston, 
September 25, 1879, when he resumed practice 
after the close of his term as governor, under 
the name of Gaston & Whitney. In Septem- 
ber, 1883, his partner's son, William Alex- 
ander Gaston, was admitted to the firm, the 
name remaining the same. The firm took rank 
among the first in the Commonwealth. Mr. 
Whitney continued in active practice until 

July I, 1890, when on account of ill health he 
retired. He was a Republican in politics, 
though decidedly independent in his views and 
voting in later years. He was a lifelong stud- 
ent and scholar, of profound learning and 
wisdom. His mind was analytical and logical 
and he was a clear, forcible and convincing 
speaker. He was as graceful in expression as 
he was accurate in statement. He was a very 
successful advocate. He possessed high ideals 
and absolute integrity. He was a member of 
Harvard Congregational Church of Brookline, 
Massachusetts. He married, October 18, 1882, 
Lottie Jane Byam, born at Charlestown, Massa- 
chusetts, September 19, 1854, daughter of 
Ezekiel George and Lydia Jane (Woodbridge) 
Byam, of Charlestown. Her father was a 
manufacturer of friction matches, the head of 
the Diamond ]\Iatch Company of Boston. Mrs. 
Whitney resides at 186 Gardner Road, Brook- 
line. Children, born at Brookline: i. Charles 
Beals, July 9, 1883, graduate of Harvard Col- 
lege in 1907; associated with the banking firm 
of Estabrook & Company, Boston. 2. Mary 
Leavitt, June 13, 1885. 3. Byam, March 15, 
1887, student at Harvard University, class of 

(For early generations see John Whitney i). 

(IV) Ensign David, son of 
WHITNEY Benjamin Whitney, was born 
in Watertown, June 16, 1697, 
died in 1745. He was one of the original pro- 
prieors of land at Paris,, Maine, but never 
lived there. He lived at Watertown and Wal- 
tham. He married, in 1720, Rebecca Fille- 
brown, born in Cambridge, November 6, 1695, 
died 1749. Children: i. Rebecca, born No- 
vember 2, 1721, married, July 18, 1745- 
Thomas Stowell. 2. David, September 25, 
1723, married Mary Merriam. 3. Anna, 
August 8, 1725, married, June 4, 1752, Samuel 
J\Ierriam. 4. Nathan, M'arch 12, 1726, mar- 
ried Tabitha Merriam. 5. Ruth, February 
23, 1728, died April 23,. 1757. 6. Josiah, No- 
vember 22, 1730, mentioned below. 7. Jonas, 
June 25, 1733. married Sarah Whittemore. 8. 
Jonathan, February 10, 1735, died April 9, 


(V) Josiah, son of Ensign David Whitney, 
was born November 22, 1730, died December 
3, 1800, at Ashby. He removed to Ashby in 
1797 from Acton and bought land there, hav- 
ing sold his Acton farm two years previous. 
He died intestate and his widow administered 
the estate. He served in the French and 
Indian war, enlisting at Boston, February 4, 



1757, in Captain Timothy Houghton's com- 
pany, and was in the Crown Point expedition. 
The year before, in 1756, he was in the same 
company under Colonel Jonathan Bagley at 
Fort William Henry, having been transferred 
from Colonel Brattle's regiment. He served also 
in the revolution in Captain Abraham Pierce's 
Waltham company, Colonel Thomas Gardner's 
regiment, and answered the Lexington alarm, 
April 19, 1775, doing guard duty around Con- 
cord after the fight there; also in Captain 
Abraham Pierce's company. Colonel Samuel 
Thatcher's regiment in 1776, and marched to 
Dorchester Heights on command of General 
Washington. He married, June 15, 1762, 
Sarah Laurence, born July 21, 1737, died Sep- 
tember 14, 1794. Children: I. Sarah, born 
April 18, 1763. 2. Josiah, June 2^, 1765, men- 
tioned below. 3. Rhoda, August 22, 1768, 
married, J\Iay 8, 1794, Amos Smith; died Feb- 
ruary 25, 1817. 4. Jonathan, J\Iay 8, 1772, 
married Sarah Child. 5. Anna, baptized 
April 2, 1775. 6. Lucy, baptized July 28, 
1776. 7. Nancy. 

(AT) Josiah (2), son of Josiah (i) Whit- 
ney, was born at Waltham, June 23, 1765, 
died at Ashby, December 24, 1842. He set- 
tled first in Watertown, where the first four 
children were born, and about 1799 removed 
to Ashby, where he lived the remainder of his 
life. He was a prosperous farmer, highly re- 
spected in the community. He and his wife 
were dismissed from the Watertown to the 
Ashby church, November 24, 1799. By his 
father's will he received one-half his wearing 
apparel and ten dollars. He married (inten- 
tions dated January 10, 1790) J\Iary Barrett, 
born 1768, died August 23, 1841. Children: 
I. Josiah, born March 20, 1791, mentioned 
below. 2. Sally, March 19, 1792, married, 
December 16, 1814, Oliver Kendall; died No- 
vember 23, 1889. 3. Jonas Prescott, Septem- 
ber 22, 1793, married (first) Rebecca Piper; 
(second) Louisa Wheeler. 4. Mary, Septem- 
ber 14, 1796, died July 5, 1888; married, July 
17, 18x7, Oliver L. Wheeler. 5. William, July 
20. 1798, married Fanny Lincoln. 6. John B., 
April 7, 1801, married Harriet Cushing. 7. 
Nancy, March 29, 1803, married, February 8, 
1825, Asa Holt; died May 20, 1851. 8. Alice, 
December 17, 1806, died September 19, 1858; 
married, 1837, Calvin J. Tyler. 

(VH) Josiah (3), son of Josiah (2) Whit- 
ney, was born at Watertown, March 20, 1791. 
died at Ashby, September 4, 1818. He was a 
farmer, and resided at Ashby. His farm con- 
sisted of eighty acres with buildings. He died 

mtestate, and as his wife declined to adminis- 
ter the estate Amos Wellington was appointed 
administrator. On March 19, 1833, Luke 
Wellington was appointed guardian of the two 
children. He married, January i, 1816, Re- 
becca Rice, born at Ashby, December, 1793, 
died there in December, 1859, daughter of 
John Rice, of Ashby. Children: i. Lucy 
Ann, born September, 1816, died June 13, 
1844. 2. John ]\Iihon, March i, 1818, men- 
tioned below. 

(\'HI) John Milton, son of Josiah (3) 
Whitney, was born at Ashby, Alarch i, 1818, 
died at Boston, June 3, 1886. His father died 
when he was an infant, and his boyhood was 
spent in Ashby working for different farmers 
and getting his education as opportunity 
offered during the winter. He served an ap- 
prenticeship at the carpenter's trade which 
he followed at Ashby, and about 1840 he re- 
moved to Groton. Here he built a home and 
worked at his trade, but later removed to 
Fitchburg and was employed as an expert 
cabinetmaker in the Page piano-case factory. 
After a number of years he removed to Bos- 
ton and entered the employ of his cousin, Milo 
Whitney, a piano-case maker, remaining in 
his employ until his health failed, compelling 
him to give up work. In politics he was a 
Republican, and in religion an Orthodox Con- 
gregationalist. A man of quiet tastes and 
habits he was devoted to his family. His 
ability as a fine workman was due largely to 
his fondness for mechanics. He married, at 
Ashby, March 24, 1840, Emma Augusta Wil- 
lard, born October 15, 1814, died November 
23, 1881, daughter of Alexander and Tyler 
(Oakes) Willard, of Ashby. Children: i. 
George Frederick, born November 20, 1841, 
mentioned below. 2. Sarah Jane, July 18, 
1844, married, March 26, 1864, Lyman Law- 
rence (see Lawrence). 3. Charles Henry, 
June 28, 1848, died September 23, 1872. 4. 
Frank Herbert, December 24, 1851. 

(IX) George Frederick, son of John Mil- 
ton ^\'hitney, was born at Ashby, November 
20, 1 841, died at Arlington, December 23, 
1899. At an early age he removed with his 
parents to Groton, and later to Fitchburg. He 
was educated in the public schools, supple- 
menting his high school course by a course in 
the Bryant & Stratton Commercial School at 
Troy, New York. He entered the employ of 
the Heywood Chair Company at Fitchburg, 
and later did their ornamental decoration. In 
1864 he went to East Boston and became clerk 
and bookkeeper for the Eastern railroad, and 



was paymaster for over seven hundred men. 
He made his home on the corner of Webster 
and Maverick streets. After a time he started 
in the manufacture of a harness soap, estab- 
Hshing the business in Lexington. The soap 
was known as Neatsfoot Harness Soap, and 
met with a ready sale in and about Boston. 
It proved the nucleus of his future success. 
About 1870 he took as a partner H. S. Mer- 
rill, the firm being George F. Whitney & Com- 
pany, at 59 ]\Iilk street, Boston, and in 1875 
the business removed to 2028 Washington 
street, while Mr. Whitney removed his family 
from Lexington to Newtonville. The business 
was carried on most successfully until 1883 
when it \Yas removed again to 20 Norfolk ave- 
nue, continuing until 1890, when he began the 
manufacture of soap products, including wax 
and later starch, at 59 Long wharf. He 
lived for a time at 20 Forest street, but 
soon removed to Arlington, where he died. 
Mr. Whitney inherited his father's taste for 
mechanics and was resourceful and energetic. 
Although remarkably successful, he never 
wished to display his wealth. He was fond of 
music, and a good violinist. His high ideals 
made him respected and his pleasing person- 
ality won him many friends. He loved the 
beauties of nature, being very fond of flowers. 
In politics he was Republican, and in religion 
a Congregationalist. He married, at Newton- 
ville, June 18, 1874. Josephine Isabella Bry- 
ant, daughter of Nathaniel and (Had- 

ley) Bryant. Children: i. Ellery Waldo, 
born August 12, 1876, mentioned below. 2. 
Erving Bryant, April 14, 1879, died August 
24. 1882. 

(N) Ellery \\'aldo, son of George Fred- 
erick Whitney, was born at Newtonville, 
August 12, 1876. At the age of six months he 
removed with his parents to Boston. He at- 
tended first the private school of Miss Maud 
Hunneman and afterward the Dearborn pub- 
lic school. When he was thirteen his parents 
removed to Arlington and he went to the 
Russell and Cotting high school. After a 
course in Burdett's Business College he en- 
tered the employ of his father on Long wharf 
to learn the soap-making business. After the 
death of his father in 1899 the business was 
incorporated with James B. Williams as presi- 
dent. j\Ir. Whitney as vice-president and Ches- 
ter J. AMlliams as treasurer. The firm makes 
a specialty of mill soaps and harness soap, 
soap for tanneries, automobile oils and mill 
supplies. Mr. \\'hitney is superintendent of 
the works at 59 Long wharf and devotes his 

whole time and energy to the business. He is 
a man of engaging personality. Lie is a Re- 
publican in politics, and a Congregationalist 
in religion. He is unmarried. 

(For preceding generations see John Whitney i). 

(V) Abraham, son of John 
WHITNEY Whitney, was born December 

7, 1735, at Watertown, and 
resided there until after his marriage when he 
made his home in Weston, the town adjoin- 
ing. He was a farmer, ^^'ith his brothers he 
served in the company of Captain Samuel 
Barnard of Watertown in Colonel Thomas 
Gardner's regiment and marched to Lexing- 
ton on the alarm of April 19, 1775. Paul 
Revere was ably assisted in spreading the 
alarm by Abraham Whitney. The night before 
the battle Abraham started for Lynn on horse- 
back with panniers filled with shoes which his 
brother desired to have delivered in the morn- 
ing, and when he reached Charlestown he was 
startled by a voice asking him stealthily "if 
he knew the regulars were landing." He re- 
plied that he did not and was told the particu- 
lars. Relieving the horse of the load of shoes 
he galloped him back to Watertown and gave 
the alarm agreed upon in case of the expected 
invasion. B}^ sunrise the company was ready 
to march from the rendezvous on the village 
green in front of the old meeting house. 
Abraham Whitney was also in the company of 
Captain Phinenhas Stearns which marched 
from Watertown by order of General Wash- 
ington and took part in the fortification of 
Dorchester Heights in March, 1776. He en- 
listed July 2, 1778, for six months and served 
guard duty over the powder magazine and 
again in 1779 under command of Jonathan 
Brown Esq. He removed to Westford and 
later to Concord. Massachusetts. He married 
(■first) July 10, 1766, Elizabeth Whitney, bap- 
tized November 23, 1746, died July 10, 1770, 
daughter of Joseph and Mary Whitney. He 
married (second) at Watertown, December 3, 
1772, Mary Mead, born May i, 1753. died 
August 29, 1820. Children of first wife: i. 
Abraham, died ,before 1813. 2. Elizabeth 
married, October 20, 1793, Isaac Taylor, of 
Acton. 3. Lois, died at Concord, September 
14. 1794. 4. Joshua, died young. Children of 
second wife: 5. jVIary Ann, died before 1813. 
6. Moses, born 1774, died June 15. 1827: mar- 
ried. September 11, 1796, Jane Polly. 7. Lucy, 
born 1775, died November 25, 1848. 8. 
Esther, born February 4, 1779, died June i, 
1861 ; married, October 9, 1806, Zaccheus 



Pond. 9. Elisha, died before 1813. 10. 
Lydia, born 1782, died January 27, 1844. 11. 
Susanna, born 1783, died July 4, 1849; '^_^^- 
ried Jeremiah Knowlton. 12. Maria, married, 
March, 1807, Joel Smith. 13. Amos, born 
1786, mentioned below. 14. Mary, born Jan- 
uary 21, 1792, died July 26, 1828; married, 
July 2, 1815, Adam Goodnow. 

(VI ) Amos, son of Abraham Whitney, was 
born at Waltham in 1786, died there June 10, 
1824. He and John Kimball bought the mill 
privilege and land at Weston of Thomas and 
\\'illiam Parker in 1813 for $3,000. He en- 
gaged in the manufacture of paper in partner- 
ship with Kimball until 1817. His home was 
on Main street, Waltham. He married, Jan- 
uary 17, 181 1, Martha Priest, baptized July 
4, 1784, died i860, daughter of James and 
Abigail (Lawrence) Priest. Children: i. 
Charles, born February 11, 1812, mentioned 
below. 2. Amos, January 30, 1814, died 
March, 1884; married Sophia Waterman Pot- 
ter ; children : i. Amos Priest, married Mary 
Thurston ; ii. Walter H., married S. Ella 
Brown ; iii. Mary Robbins. 3. James, April 
9, 1816, died August 23, 1881 ; married, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1857, Mary Frances Parker; chil- 
dren: i. Henry Patrick, died April, 1896; ii. 
James F. 4. Walter, December 2, 1818, died 
November 12, 1893, foreman of the cloth 
room in the R. M. F. Co. mill at Waltham. 

(\TI) Charles, son of Amos Whitney, was 
born at Waltham, February 11, 1812, died at 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, July 29, 1850. He 
attended the winter terms of the district school 
and worked during the summer in his boyhood. 
He learned the trade of blacksmith in his 
native town, serving his apprenticeship under 
Mr. Emerson, who made and repaired wagons 
and carried on a general blacksmith business. 
Afterward Mr. Whitney entered partnership 
with Charles Davenport, of Cambridge, under 
the firm name of Davenport & Whitney, mak- 
ing the iron work for railway cars. Mr. Dav- 
enport was a partner in the firm of Davenport 
& Bridge, Main street, Cambridge, manufac- 
turers of railway cars. The failure of the firm 
of Davenport & Bridge involved the other 
firm and caused its failure also. The business 
of these two firms, however, forms an inter- 
esting chapter in the early history of the rail- 
way industry of the country. Mr. Whitney 
died July 29, 1850. He was a member of the 
Baptist church at Cambridge and active in the 
work of the church. He was devoted to his 
family, of strict integrity and honor in all his 
dealings, progressive and enterprising in busi- 

ness. In politics he was a Whig. He mar- 
ried, January 26, 1839, Caroline Fuller Stimp- 
son, born at Needham, Massachusetts, August 
20, 1816, died at Cambridge, April 24, 1872, 
daughter of Jeremiah and Elizabeth (Fuller) 
Stimpson, of Weston. Children: i. Charles 
Edward, born January 5, 1840, drowned April 
5, i860, in the Charles river in sight of his 
home ; was bookkeeper for the New England 
Glass Company, Boston. 2. William Henry, 
January 3, 1843, rnentioned below. 3. Clara 
Maria, January 4, 1845, '^'sd September 29, 
1847. 4. Ella Caroline, March 15, 1847, died 
January 17, 1907; graduate of the Art School 
of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston ; teacher 
in the Rindge Manual Training School, Cam- 
bridge. 5. Frank Erving, October 28, 1850, 
mentioned below. 

(Vni) William Henry, son of Charles 
Whitney, was born in Cambridge, January 3, 
1843, died ]\lay 4, 1909. He graduated from 
the Cambridge high school and took a course 
in the Lawrence Scientific School of Harvard 
University. He enlisted at Cambridge, July 
14, 1862, and served three years in the civil 
war. He was commissioned captain of his 
company and promoted to the rank of major 
of his regiment. He was wounded once. He 
was a prominent civil engineer in Boston after 
the war, retiring from active business a few 
years ago. He was a Republican in politics 
and served the city of Cambridge in the board 
of alderman and on the board of health. He 
was an active member and for many years 
deacon of the Cambridge Baptist church. He 
was a member of the Watertown Historical 
Society and of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society. He married, February 
18, 1868, Emma Sargent Barber, daughter of 
John Barber. Children, born at Cambridge : 
I. Clara Mabel, February 22, 1871, married, 
June 8, 1898, Arthur S. Pevear, of Cambridge, 
and had Dorothy Whitney Pevear, born July 
22, 1902. 2. Chester, June 29, 1874, died July 
31, 1874. 3. Charles Fuller, January 22, 1879, 
married, June 10, 1903, Ethel Putnam Sar- 
gent, born May 12, 1881, died December 31, 
1905 ; child, Horace Sargent, born June 29, 
T905, died October 12, 1905. 4. Alice Emma, 
August 4, 1880, died August 13. 1880. 

(VIII) Frank Erving, son of Charles 
Whitney, was born at Cambridge, October 
28, 1850, in his father's home on Auburn 
street. He attended the Webster grammar 
school and graduated from the Cambridge 
high school in the class of 1868 with honors. 
He learned the carpenter's trade in the employ 



of John & Joseph Kelley of Cambridge, and 
afterward served an apprenticeship of three 
years in the machinist's trade under Moore & 
Wyman, 76 Sudbury street, Boston. He 
worked for this firm also as journeyman for 
five years and then embarked in business on 
his own account at 13 Bowker street, Boston. 
After seven years at that location he removed 
to his present place of business, 65 Sudbury 
street, Boston. He manufacutres water mo- 
tors, ice cream freezers, etc. He builds water 
motors for e.xport and also deals extensively 
in gas and gasoline engines. Mr. Whitney 
attends the First Baptist Church of Maiden. 
While living at Melrose he was for eighteen 
years the collector of the Baptist church, mem- 
ber of the music committee, the finance com- 
mittee and the standing committee and an effi- 
cient worker in the Sunday school of the same. 
In politics he is a Republican. He is a mem- 
ber of the Wyoming Lodge of Free Masons; 
of the Waverly Chapter of Royal Arch 
Masons and is treasurer of same ; and of Mel- 
rose Council, Royal and Select Masters, of 
MaMen, and trustee of the permanent fund of 
the body. He is associate prelate of Hugh De 
Payens Commandery, Knights Templar, of 
Melrose; member of Bethlehem Council, 
Royal Arcanum ; and a charter member of the 
Amphion Club, a musical organization estab- 
lished in 189^. He is gifted musically and 
has been bass soloist in the Melrose Baptist 
church choir. He married, October 7, 1880, 
Isabel Esther Billman, born in Boston, daugh- 
ter of John and Mary (Hurd) Billman. Her 
father was a traveling salesman. Their only 
child, Caroline Gertrude, is a student in Rad- 
clifl:e College, class of 1909. 

(For early generations see John Whitney :). 

(VII) George Washington, 
WHITNEY son of Ezekiel Whitney, was 
born at Watertown, August 
26, 1812, died at Brighton, Massachusetts, 
March 17, 1863. He attended the public 
schools of his native town. During his youth 
he was employed as coachman for the Stearns 
family in Boston. Even then he was an ex- 
cellent judge of horses and skillful in hand- 
ling them. Soon after the Boston & Worcester 
railroad was built he began to work for the 
railroad company, and was soon placed in the 
position of section master by Superintendent 
Twitchell, who knew ]\Ir. Whitney's ability 
and judgment through personal acquaintance. 
His section was that from Boston to AUston 
and his success in this position brought him 

promotion to the position of superintendent of 
the road from Boston to Worcester. The 
reputation of the Boston & Worcester rail- 
road, later known as the Boston & Albany, 
was in no small part due to his good judg- 
ment, industry and faithfulness to duty. He 
took high rank among the pioneers in railroad 
construction and maintenance. He always 
kept abreast of the times. He resided in Bos- 
ton and Brighton. Though kindly and cheer- 
ful in his nature, he believed in discipline in 
business and expected from his men the same 
indefatigable industry that he himself gave 
to his daily work, and he was not disap- 
pointed. No superintendent was ever served 
more faithfully and none had the confidence 
and esteem of his men to a greater degree. He 
believed in total abstinence and did much for 
the cause of temperance. He took great pleas- 
ure in driving and owned many fine horses 
and belonged to the best sporting clubs of 
Brighton. He was witty himself and fond of 
a joke and his good humor attracted many 
friends to him. To his family he was greatly 
endeared. He attended the Baptist church of 
Brighton, of which his wife was a member. 
He was a member of the Boston Lancers, 
which for many years has been the pet cav- 
alry organization of ]\Iassachusetts. In poli- 
tics he was a Democrat. He married, No- 
vember 28, 1833, Elizabeth Cook, born No- 
vember 10, 1815. died November i, i860. 
Children: i. George Bradford, born Janu- 
ary 13, 1835, died September, 1907; was chief 
of police at Bayonne, New Jersey, superin- 
tendent of the Ninth Avenue Elevated Rail- 
road of New York City; married Eliezer 
Jones, of Sudbury, Massachusetts; children: 
George, Edward, Abbie. 2. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Charles Griggs ; children : i. Ella Griggs, 
married Theodore Gordon, of Acton ; ii. Ger- 
trude Griggs ; iii. Charles Griggs, died young. 

3. Delphine, married Gilpatrick. 4. 

Anna Amelia, died young. 5. Arabella, died 

at Dedham ; married ISrockett and had 

Gertrude Brockett. 6. William Ezekiel, died 
August 2, 1908; married, March 18, 1862, 
Margaret Kinder, born December 12, 1842; 
children : i. Nellie L., born February 14, 
1864, married. August 6, 1884. John E. Felch 
(Children: Marguerita May Felch, born May 
20. 1889; Gladys Felch, February 28, 1898; 
Emma Whitney Felch, December 6, 1901 ) ; 
ii. Bella Lurena, born February 25, 1872, died 
November 25, 1872. 7. Frank Nahum, born 
March 28, 1844. died August, 1907; married 
Sarah Adams. 8. Alonzo Driscoll, born 1847, 


died April 6, 1876; married, ]\Iay 18. 1870, 
Zelaphine Juliette Gilliheon ; children : i. 
George Washington, born June 12, 1871, mar- 
ried, July II, 1894, Mary J. Garside (Chil- 
dren : Walter Theodore, born May 25, 1895 ; 
Arthur Harrison, June 4, 1897; Mildred, July 
2T,. 1902, died February 9, 1906: Ernest \\'m- 
field, January 24, 1904) ; ii. Zelia Jenette, 
born January 29, 1874, died January 17, 1877. 
9. Edward, born 1850, mentioned below. 

( VTH ) Edward, son of George Washington 
Whitney, was born at Brighton, now part of 
Boston, Massachusetts, in 1850, died at Cam- 
bridge, July 22, 1879. He was educated in the 
public schools. AX'hen a young man he was 
employed for a number of years by H. D. 
Smith, who owned a livery stable at the cor- 
ner of Second and Gore streets, Cambridge. 
During the last ten years of his life he was a 
faithful and trusted assistant of Charles E. 
Daley in the livery stable business, Cambridge 
street. His gentle nature, courtesy and faith- 
fulness won the confidence and esteem of both 
employer and customers. He was a most 
valued and valuable man for Mr. Daley. At 
the time of his death, one of his employers 
said of him: "He was a man out of place in 
life, worthy of a large share of the world's 
goods." He was handicapped by lameness 
caused early in life by an attack of rheumatic 
fever. He died of typhoid fever when but 
twenty-nine yars of age. In religion he was a 
Methodist ; in politics a Republican. He was 
a member of the Order of Foresters. He mar- 
ried, at Cambridge, Elizabeth Healy, born 
1848, daughter of John and Ellen (Dwyer) 
Healy, of Cambridge, Massachusetts. Chil- 
dren: I. George Edward, born July i, 1870, 
married, November 27, 1896, Margaret 
Theresa Ford, of Cambridge. 2. Ellen Ger- 
trude, January i, 1872, married, i\Iay 14, 1891, 
Charles A. Chapman : children : i. William 
John Chapman, born June 24, 1892 ; ii. 
Charles Chapman, October 30, 1893: iii. Ed- 
ward Chapman, September 30, 1893 ; iv. 
Alice Chapman, jNIarch 29, 1897: v. John 
Chapman, December 14, 1898, died December 
15. 1898. 3. John \\'illiam, January i, 1875, 
mentioned below. 4. Katherine, married 
Charles Messer; children: i. Elizabeth Mes- 
ser, born June 6, 1900: ii. Helen Messer, July 
31, 1902. 5. Mary Elizabeth, February 4, 
1877, married Ralph Reardon. 

(IX) John William, son of Edward Whit- 
ney, was born at Cambridge, January i, 1875. 
He attended the public schools, but his father 
died when he was but six years old and he was 

obliged to contribute as much as possible from 
early boyhood to support the family. At the 
age of thirteen he found employment in the 
laboratory of Henry Thayer, a manufacturing 
chemist, of Cambridge. After six years in 
this position he was employed by North's 
Packing Company as a teamster for eight 
years. He started in business in 1902 at 9 
Chestnut street, East Somerville, in the man- 
ufacture of barrels. He had but little capital, 
the modest savings of many years of hard 
work, but he displayed a natural aptitude for 
business and a skill in his special line of re- 
pairing and making all kinds of barrels. His 
business flourished from the start. In three 
years he had to find larger quarters, and he 
bought a large building with stable, etc., at the 
rear at 113 Linwood street. His best custom- 
ers are the large packing houses in Cambridge 
and Somerville and the wholesale merchants 
in Boston. Mr. Whitney is reckoned among 
the most successful of the yovmger manufac- 
turers of Somerville. He resides at 64 Wash- 
ington street, Somerville. He and his family 
attend St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church 
in that city. He is a Republican in politics. 
He is a member of Cambridge Council, No. 
74, Knights of Columbus, of Cambridge, and 
of Somerville Lodge, No. 917, Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. He married, 
January 5, 1898, at Cambridge, !Mary Mag- 
dalen Carroll, daughter of John and Nora 
( ]\IcLaughlin ) Carroll, of Somerville. Chil- 
dren : I. John Edward, born November 22, 
1898. 2. Francis, August 5, 1900. 3. Naomi, 
January i, 1903. 4. Estelle Margaret, Janu- 
ary I, 1906. 5. Edward Carroll, April 25, 

(For preceding generations see Richard Whitney II). 

(Ill) Richard, son of Rich- 
WHITNEY ard Whitney, was born at 

Watertown, January 13, 
1660, and died December 15. 1723. He 
resided at Stow, where he had a grant 
of land October 24, 1682. His will was 
dated December 22, 1723. He married Eliza- 
beth Sawtell, widow, daughter of Jonathan 
Sawtell, of Groton. She was born February 
3, 1668, died November 24, 1723, and married 
(first) 1691, Joseph Morse; (second) Benja- 
min Nurse; (third) Richard Whitney. Chil- 
dren of Richard and Elizabeth: i. Richard, 
mentioned below. 2. Jonathan, born February 
26, 1699 : married Alice Willard. 3. Joshua, 
born 1706; married Zerviah . 4. Han- 
nah, married Samuel Farr. 5. Elizabeth, mar- 


ried, December 29, 1722, Jolm Wetherby. 6. 
Sarah, born 1703: married, 1723, Captain 
Hezekiah Hapgood. 7. Ruhamah, born 1705. 
8. Hepzibah, born 1710; married, October 12, 
1732, Seth Sawyer. 

(I\') Richard, son of Richard Whitney, 
was born in Stow, in 1694, and died April 27, 
1775. He resided in Stow. He married (first) 
Hannah Whitcomb, born 1693. died November 
17, 1743, daughter of Josiah Whitcomb, of 
Lancaster ; ( second ) intentions dated Octo- 
ber 26, 1745, Hannah A}Tes, widow, born 
1704, died September 27, 1775. Children: i. 
Mary, born Xovember 24. 171 5; married 

Gates. 2. Dorothy, born April 13, 

1718; married Taylor. 3, Daniel, 

born February 13. 1720: see forward. 4. 

Hannah, born May 29, 1723; married 

Wetherbee. 5. Richard, born July 31, 1723; 
married Mary Berry. 6. Elizabeth, born July 
23, 1728: married, 1748, Joseph Wetherbee. 
7. Josiah, born October 12, 1731. 8. Sarah, 
married December 23, 1769. Captain Heze- 
kiah Whitcomb. 

( \" ) Sergeant Daniel, eldest son of Rich- 
ard Whitney, was born in Stow, Massachu- 
setts, February 13, 1720, died in 1782. He 
served in the revolution as sergeant in Cap- 
tain Jonathan Rice's company. Colonel Samuel 
Bullard's regiment, in 1777 to reinforce the 
army at the north. His will was dated Janu- 
ary 23, 1782, and the inventory was made 
March 4, 1783. All his children except Eph- 
raim were mentioned in the will. He married 
(intentions dated November 9, 1744), Dor- 
othy Goss, of Lancaster, who died October 
II. 1813. Children: I. Hannah, born in Har- 
vard, April 29, 1746, married Weth- 
erbee. 2. John, November 24, 1747, married 
Mary Farnsworth. 3. Daniel, December 1 1, 
1749, married Sarah Durant. 4. Dorothy, De- 
cember 12, 1751, married, 1774, Nathan Put- 
nam. 5. Silas, January, 13, 1754, died May 

25. 1756. 6. Ephraim, September, 29, 1755, 
married Sarah Burgess. 7. Silas, February 

26. 1758, mentioned below. S. Elizabeth, 
August 4, 1760, married, April 10, 1782, 
Ebenezer Parks. 9. Katherine, April 12, 
1763, married, April 23, 1783, Lemuel 
Wheeler. 10. Susannah, October 11, 1766, 
married, March 31, 1784, Stephen Weston. 
II. Mary, February 9, 1769, married. March 
20, 1787, Peter Chapin. 

(VT) Silas, son of Daniel Whitney, was 
born February 26, 1758, in Stow, died at 
Charlestown in 1838. He was a blacksmith 
and farmer and was noted for his strength. 

He lived for a time at Ashby, and later re- 
moved to Boston, where he made his home 
with his son. Captain Silas Whitney. He was 
in the revolution in Captain Amasa Cranston's 
company. Colonel Eleazer Brooks' regiment, 
and was in the battle of White Plains. He 
married Patience Goodnow, of Stow, who died 
in Charlestown in February, 1842. Children: 
I. Silas, born January 26, 1781, mentioned 
below. 2. John, November 22, 1782, married 
Susannah Vilas. 3. James. 4. Samuel. 5. 

Ephraim, married Eunice . 6. Susan, 

July I, 1792, married Joseph Whitney and 
died 1884, aged ninety-two. 7. Betsey, mar- 
ried Bates. 8. Polly, married 

Gault. 9. Dolly, April i, 1797, married No- 
vember 20, 1814, William Beals. 

(VH) Captain Silas, son of Silas Whitney, 
was born January 26, 1781, at Stow, died at 
Charlestown, January 20, 1824. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools and when a young 
man went to Boston. A few years later he 
and his brothers, John and Ephraim Whitney, 
entered partnership as general contractors. 
The first permanent railway in America was 
constructed at Ouincy, Massachusetts, in 1827, 
but the Whitney firm built and operated a 
gravity railroad on Beacon Hill several years 
earlier to facilitate the work of cutting down 
Beacon Hill and grading Charles street, for 
which the firm had the contract. A train 
loaded with gravel at the top would by its 
weight in descending pull an empty train to 
the top, thus saving the use of horses alto- 
gether in the work. This labor-saving de- 
vice is still used in mining operations and con- 
struction work when possible. The Whitney 
firm had the contract to build Central Wharf 
and many other important railroad and con- 
struction contracts. Later in life Silas Whit- 
ney was proprietor of the Middlesex Hotel, 
then situated between Warren avenue and the 
old bridge road in Charlestown. The hotel 
was destroyed by fire in 1836. He was cap- 
tain of a Boston company of the state militia. 
At one time Captain Whitney owned the brick 
dwelling house at 34 Charles street and a 
three-story house on Morton street. He mar- 
ried, at Waltham, in 1800, Abigail M. Shedd, 
who died September 21, 1854. Children: i. 
Silas Gore, born August 9, 1800, mentioned 
below. 2. Mary, October 8, 1801, died April 
3, 1803. 3. Mary, September 28, 1803, died 
July 7, 1837. 4. Charles, September 15. 1805. 
5. Abigail. May 21, 1808, died January 4, 
1870; married Thomas R. Speare, and had 
Henrietta Speare, who died aged two. 6. 


Eliza A., April 15, 1809, died June 6, 1894; 

married (first) Hinckley; (second) 

David O'Brien. 7. Ephraim, August, 1816, 
married (first) Johanna A. Hook; (second) 

: children: i. William H., born March 

II, 1846, married Clara E. Snowdill ; ii. Eph- 
raim, died young: iii. Ophelia V., born 
1850, married William I. Hatch. 8. William 
Henry, June 2, 1818, lost at sea 1830. 9. 
John Francis, February 27, 1819, married 
(first) January 18, 1844, Julia Ann Andrews; 
(second) July 7, 1846, Maria Hook, children: 
i. Julia F.^ born 1848, married W. W. Palmer; 
ii.John Prcscott, November 2, 1849, married 
Annie M. Williams ; iii. Josiah O., July 10, 
1853, died May 31, 1878; iv. Silas Gore, 
March 26, 1855; v. Alice G., July 3, 1857, 
married John W. Munce; vi. Everett C, July 
4, 1859; vii. Theodore H., February 17, 1861 ; 
viii. George A., December 15, 1868, died April 
II, 1888: ix. Helen Maria. 

(Vni) Silas Gore, son of Silas Whitney, 
was born in Boston, August 9, 1800, died 
there July 15, 1854. He attended the public 
schools and was associated with his father 
until the latter's death in 1824. He then went 
by sailing vessel to \^enezuela, and settled at 
Puerto Cabelo where he entered the commis- 
sion house of Franklin Litchfield, then one of 
the largest mercantile houses in the vicinity. 
By his energy, probity and strict attention to 
business in all its details, he gained for himself 
such favor with his employer that he was pro- 
moted to positions of greater responsibility 
and was looked upon as a factor in the busi- 
ness. His command of the Spanish language 
made him invaluable to his employer and he 
soon became a partner of this large concern. 
The firm was known as Litchfield & Whitney, 
and all business of exchange, banking, etc., 
was also done through them. In the height 
of his success, he returned to Boston and 
married Sarah Susan Penniman, daughter of 
Amasa and Eunice (Soper) Penniman, of 
Elraintree. He returned to Venezuela with his 
bride, and their first two children were born 
there. His business duties became more 
arduous, the correspondence of the firm de- 
volving upon him. Through the efforts of 
Mr. Litchfield he was appointed United States 
vice consul of the port, which position he 
held while there. Upon the death of Mr. 
Litchfield, and owing to his own impaired 
health, he closed up the affairs of the firm and 
in 1842 returned with his family to Boston. 
Here he became associated with Timothy W. 
Lloxsie at 25 Commercial Wharf, under the 

firm name of T. W. Hoxsie & Co., dealers in 
lime, cement and builders' supplies. The busi- 
ness was later moved to 46 Long Wharf. He 
lived first at 5 Kingston street, removing in 
1846 to 36 Porter street. The firm became 
one of the largest of its kind in Boston. About 
1848 he was appointed United States consul 
of Venezuela for the port of Boston, which 
office he held in conection with his business 
until his death. From 1848 to 1852 he re- 
sided on Ash street, and from then until 
his death at 12 Dover street, then one of the 
select residence streets of Boston. He was a 
man of strict integrity, and discharged with 
signal ability all the duties of citizenship, of 
business, and of his offices of trust. He was 
of high moral character and of gentle and 
kindly nature. He attended while in Boston 
the Church of the Messiah (Episcopal), but 
was broad-minded, and often attended 
Theodore Parker's (Unitarian) church. He 
was a great admirer of Theodore Parker. In 
politics he was a Whig. Children: i. Mary 
Litchfield, born at Puerto Cabelo, May 9, 
1837, married, June 10, 1855, James Morse 
Williams, of Newburyport ; children : i. 
Anna Waldron Williams, born May 8, 1856; 
ii. Mary Louise Williams, March 3, 185 — . 2. 
Henry Franklin, November i, 1838, men- 
tioned below. 3. Sarah Virginia, July, 1841, 
died December 4, 1899: married (first) 1859, 
Abraham Holland, of Boston; (second) Sep- 
tember 14, 1875, Forest G. Hawes, of Bos- 
ton; had Sarah Eddy Holland, born July 17, 
1862, married, October 30, 1879, Charles 
Henry West. 4. Jose Antonio Paez, 1842, 
married, 1861, Emma D. Bills; children: i. 
Linwood Gore, born 1869 ; ii. Florence W., 
1877. 5. Georgianna, died young. 

(IX) Henry Franklin, son of Silas Gore 
Whitney, was born at Puerto Cabelo, 
Venezuela, November i, 1838. He came 
to Boston when six years old with his 
parents and attended the Quincy school 
in that city. After this school was de- 
stroyed by fire he attended the Brimmer 
school. Af the age of fifteen he became a 
clerk in the employ of Russell & Tilton, fish 
dealers on Long Wharf, Boston. After two 
years in this position he became clerk in the 
ofifice of I. F. Dobson, insurance broker at 
40 State street, Boston, remaining there until 
he enlisted in October, 1862, at Cambridge, in 
Company G. Forty-fourth Regiment, Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia, Colonel Francis L. 
Lee, of Newton, commanding. His regiment 
left Camp Meigs, Readville, Massachusetts, 



October 15, and after being reviewed by Gov- 
ernor Andrew, sailed on the transport "Mer- 
rimac" to Morehead City, North Carolina, 
whence it proceeded on platform cars during 
a terrific thunder storm to Xewbern, North 
Carolina, and encamped north of the city, with 
part of the brigade under Colonel Thomas G. 
Stevenson in the Eighteenth Army Corps. 
Under General Foster they sailed October 30 
down the Neuse river into Pamlico sound, up 
the Tar river to Washington, North Carolina, 
debarking, and on November 2 marched north- 
ward twenty miles and engaged the Confed- 
erate forces at Rawle's Mills, near Williams- 
ton. On the following morning they marched 
by way of Hamilton towards Tarboro, return- 
ing to Plymouth and thence by transports to 
Newbern. They took part in an engagement 
at Kingston, December 14, at Whitehall, De- 
cember 16, and in the battle of Goldsboro, De- 
cember 18, 1862, returning to Newbern, De- 
cember 20. The regiment encamped for the 
winter there and on February i, 1863, marched 
to Plymouth foraging in the vicinity until 
March 10. They reinforced the garrison at 
Washington, North Carolina, March 15. The 
fort was besieged March 30 and numerous 
engagements followed until April 14, when the 
Rebels were forced to retire. The command 
Vv-as sent to Newbern April 23, as provost 
guard, until June 6, when the regiment em- 
barked in the steamers "Guide" and "George 
Peabody"' at Morehead City and after a rough 
passage reached Boston, June 10, being mus- 
tered out June 19 at Readville. Mr. Whitney 
resumed his position in the insurance office. 
A year later his employer failed and he became 
clerk in the insurance office of Burge & Lane 
and continued there for ten years. He then 
became special agent for the People's Fire 
Insurance Company of New Hampshire for 
eight years with offices at 55 Kilby street. He 
was in the insurance business for a year at 
New Orleans, Mississippi, and at Galveston, 
Texas, but the business was not satisfactory 
and he returned to Boston, becoming a special 
agent of the Farmers' Insurance Company, 
with offices at 44 Kilby street. Since 1901 he 
has been employed as an independent fire in- 
surance adjuster for all the companies having 
agencies in Boston on losses in all parts of 
New England. He is the oldest insurance man 
on Kilby street, the center of the fire insur- 
ance business of New England, and has been in 
the business longer than any other man there. 
He has resided since 1888, in the house which 
lie owns id 16 Meacham road, Cambridge. In 

religion he is an Episcopalian ; in politics a 
Democrat. He is a member of Charity Lodge 
of Free Masons, of Cambridge; of Cambridge 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; of Mount Sinai 
Lodge, No. 169, Odd Fellows, of North Cam- 
bridge, 01 which he has been noble grand. He 
was formerly a member of Charles River 
Encampment of Odd Fellows, and of the 
Newtowne Club of Cambridge. He is a mem- 
ber of Francis Gould Post, No. 36, Grand Army 
cf the Republic. When a young man he was 
in the Fourth Battalion, Massachusetts Volun- 
teer Militia, before the war. He is a member 
of the Boston Insurance Exchange. He mar- 
ried, April I, 1858, Sarah Henrietta Holland, 
b(.)rn September 6, 1842, daughter of Thomas 
H. Holland. Children: i. Cora Virginia, 
born August 20, 1859, married Augustus L. 
Smith ; child, Carleton Whitney Smith. 2. 
Emma Henrietta, August 11, 1861, married, 
August 10, 1880, Harry Elwood Mason, of 
Cambridge. 3. Harrie Holland, March 15, 
i8')8. married, October i, 1895, Mabel Louise 
Wheeier, of Boston, born March 15, 1873, 
daughter of Charles Louis and Maria Frances 
(.Smith) Wheeler, of Boston; children: Ruth 
Marietta, born August 14, 1897; Harrie Hol- 
land, May 3, 1900. 4. Kittie Ivaloe, April 29, 
1869, married, January 9, 1889, Nat. Frank 
Dadmun, of Boston ; children : Henrietta 
\^^^i1ney Dadmun, born July 27, 1892; Harrie 
Holland Dadmun, June 25, 1894. 5. Chester 
Winfield, December 14, 1880. 

(For ancestry see preceding sketches). 

(VIII) Charles Whitney, 
WHITNEY son of Silas Whitney, was 
born at Boston, September 
15, 1805. died at Melrose, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 27, 1884. . He was educated in the 
public schools of that city and was associated 
in business with his father in the old Middle- 
sex Hotel to the time of his marriage. After- 
ward he was a hotel keeper on his own ac- 
count. In 1843-44 he kept the Boston Hotel 
and later the Whitney Hotel on Lincoln street, 
near Beach, Boston, from 1845 to 1858. He 
was employed for a time in a store at the cor- 
ner of Devonshire and Summer streets, and in 
1860-61 was bookkeeper for a concern at the 
corner of Portland street and Sudbury street. 
In 1856 and for a number of years afterward 
he resided in Auburndale, Massachusetts, and 
afterward at Melrose. He was one of the 
most popular hotel proprietors of his day in 
Boston. His courtesy and sunny disposition 
attracted many friends. Lie married, at Con- 



cord. New Hampshire, June 6, 1826, Lydia 
Maria Emery, born at Concord, February 24, 
1808. died at Medford, JMassachusetts, De- 
cember 12, 1884. They Hved to celebrate the 
fifty-eighth anniversary of their marriage. A 
newspaper account of the wedding pubHshed 
at the time of Mr. Whitney's death follows : 
"Mr. Whitney started from Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, June 5, 1826, at sunrise and 
arrived at Chichester, New Hampshire, at 
sundown in a chaise — a distance of about 
seventy miles. The following morning he was 
united in marriage to Lydia JNIaria Emery, 
having seen her but twice, their courtship 
being done mostly by proxy. That they lived 
together as long and happily proved that long 
courtships are not always necessary. Mr. 
Charles \\niitney, a gentleman highly es- 
teemed by all who knew him, died at his home 
in Melrose Highlands aged seventy-nine years. 
It was only sixteen days after the death of his 
wife, with whom he had been wedded nearly 
fifty-nine years. It seemed a beautiful mercy 
of the Almighty that death should not long 
divide them and although their departure left 
the mourners bereft, yet they were sheaves 
fully ripe and God has garnered them." Chil- 
dren : I. Louisa M., born September 16, 
1827, married Benjamin F. Peakes. 2. 
Augusta G.,, August 20, 1829, died April 22, 
i860. 3. Alary Eliza. November 5, 1830, died- 
April 23, 1874: married Edgar B. Fox; chil- 
dren : i. Edgar Augustus Fox, born June 7, 
1852, married Bertha Sweet; ii. Harold Sum- 
ner Fox, June 6, 1856, married Addie Easton ; 
iii. George Julian Fox, May 4, 1858, married 
Emma Seelye ; iv. Fannie Louise Fox, Febru- 
ary 14, 1864, married Frank C. Roberts; v. 
Annie Alice Lydia Fox, September 7, 1868, 
married A. Adelbert Doty ; vi. Edgar Bernard 
Fox, December 9, 1872. 4. Helen S., April 
2, 1834, died 1843. 5- Fannie E., May 14, 
1837, married Henry G. Washburn. 6. 
Charles Joseph, January 15, 1839, died Febru- 
ary, 1839. 7. Charles Joseph, January 11, 
1840, died 1842. 8. Charles Joseph, May 15, 
1843, mentioned below. ,9. Helen S., July 18, 
1849, resides in Dorchester. 

(IN) Charles Joseph, son of Charles 
Whitney, was born at Boston, i\Iay 15, 1843, 
died there June 22, 1893. He was educated in 
the public schools of that city, and began life 
as a clerk in various Boston stores. In 1859- 
60 he lived in Auburndale, but worked at 104 
Court street, Boston. He enlisted for one 
hundred days, July 4, 1864, and was mustered 

into the Union service, July 14, 1864, in Cap- 
tain Philip J. Cooky's company (F) in the 
Fifth JMassachusetts Regiment, commanded 
by Colonel George H. Peirson. From the 
camp in Readville, Massachusetts, the regi- 
ment proceeded to Baltimore, halting for a 
short time at Soldiers' Rest, Philadelphia, and 
marching by night to Baltimore, where they 
went into camp, four miles north of the city 
at Alankin's Woods. Thence they went to 
Fort ;\IcHenry and Company F, with other 
companies under Lieutenant Colonel Worces- 
ter proceeded to Federal Hill. After two 
weeks of garrison duty and escorting recruits 
to the front, Company F was detailed to guard 
the polls at election. Though the company 
was never in battle it performed difficult and 
hazardous duty faithfully and maintained the 
reputation of the regiment. They were mus- 
tered out at Readville, November 16, 1864. 
■\Ir. Whitney entered the employ of the Metro- 
politan Horse Railroad Company in Boston 
as a conductor and driver and was thus em- 
ployed from 1864 until 1 87 1. From 1871 to 
1873 he worked at the trade of baker at 1146 
Shawmut avenue and then returned to work 
for the horse railroad. From 1886 to 1888 he 
was clerk in the postoffice, Boston. He re- 
turned to the bakery business and was for a 
time foreman for the Aerated Bread Company. 
He was in business as baker on his own ac- 
count for a time. Later he became foreman 
for the Fleischman Yeast Company at 40 
Beach street, Boston, and continued with this 
concern the remainder of his life. In his later 
years he lived at Hotel Waterford, Boston. 
He was of a pleasing and attractive disposition, 
making friends readily, loving the society of 
cheerful friends, of which he had many, and 
very popular in business as well as social life. 
He was active, enterprising and energetic, 
highly respected for his uprightness and 
ability. He attended the Harvard Baptist 
Church, Harrison avenue, Boston. In politics 
he was a Republican. He was a member of 
Post 26, Grand Army of the Republic, Rox- 
bury. He married (first) 1865, Mary Eliza- 
beth Dunbar, born April 10, 1843, at Roxbury, 
Massachusetts, died October 17, 1874, daugh- 
ter of Calvin Copeland Dunbar, born at North 
Easton, ^Massachusetts, iMay 10, 181 1, died in 
Ro.ybury, June 10, 1890; he was engaged in 
the milk business ; he married Adeline Alice 
Lunt at Roxbury ; she was born in Newbury- 
port, Massachusetts, 1813, died at Roxbury in 
December, 1863. He married (second) Sep- 



tember 12, 1885, Helen E. Fuller, born Octo- 
ber 7, 1858. Children of first wife: i. Charles 
Henry, born December i, 1866, mentioned 
below. 2. Edith Lillian, March 3, 1871, mar- 
ried (first) October 12, 1898, John Dale, born 
January 14, 1845, died May 3, 1904; (second) 
June 6, 1906, John Christopher Dorey, of Old 
Town, Maine, son of William and Mary Eliza- 
beth (Ellis) Dorey. 3. Alice C, January 5, 
1874, died April 4, 1874. 

(X) Charles Henry, son of Charles Joseph 
Whitney, was born in Boston, December i, 
1866. At the age of six he removed to Rox- 
bury with his parents and attended the public 
schools there, graduating from the Lewis 
grammar school in 1882. He entered the em- 
ploy of the wholesale dry goods commission 
firm of Brown, ^^'ood & Kingman, 31 Bedford 
street, as clerk and was promoted from time 
to time to positions of responsibility. The 
firm retired from business January i, 1888, 
and he became confidential clerk and private 
secretary of Lyman Nichols, capitalist and real 
estate owner, and remained in this position 
until 1900, when he accepted a position as 
clerk and bookkeeper in the ofiice of the Con- 
tinental Mills at 31 Bedford street, Boston, 
manufacturer of cotton goods, with mills at 
Lewiston, ]\Iaine. In 1905 Mr. ^^'hitney be- 
came selling agent for this corporation, hav- 
ing entire charge of selling the output of the 
mills, dividing his time between Boston and 
New York. The company operates one hun- 
dred thousand spindles and takes rank among 
the larger mills of New England. Twelve 
hundred hands are employed. Mr. Whitney 
resides at 32 Prospect avenue, Winthrop, 
Massachusetts. He and his wife attend the 
Union Congregational Church at Winthrop. 
In politics he is a Republican and he was a 
member of the Republican town committee of 
Winthrop in 1904. He is a member of the 
Winthrop Lodge of Free IMasons ; of W^in- 
throp Chapter, Royal Arch ]\Iasons ; of Win- 
throp Camp, Sons of Veterans ; of the Win- 
throp Yacht Club; the Framingham Country 
Club, the Woodland Golf Club of Auburndale ; 
the Arkwright Club of New York City and of 
the \\'inthrop Improvement Association. He 
married, at Boston, June 3, 1895, Harriet Ann 
Booth, born at Hofbeck (Leeds), Yorkshire, 
England, daughter of Joseph and Harriet 
(Stansfield) Booth. Mrs. Whitney is a mem- 
ber of Colonial Chapter, No. 96, Order of the 
Eastern Star of Winthrop. Their only child 
was Retta Dunbar, born January, 1897, died 
January, 1897. 

(For ancestry see preceding sketches). 

(VHI) William Meelus, son 
WHITNEY of Captain Hananiah Whit- 
ney, was born at Winchen- 
don. May 15, 1826, died at Needham, Massa- 
chusetts, August 7, 1904. He was four years 
old when his parents went to Lowell and he 
was educated in the public schools of that 
town. He was apprenticed to the trade of 
machinist in the Lowell Machine Company 
.shops and for several years followed his trade. 
Soon after 1840 he entered the employ of the 
Cheshire railroad, then recently built, and in 
a few years became a locomotive engineer on 
that road. He removed to Keene, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1848, and in 1854 to Bellows Falls, 
\^ermont, to .Manchester, New Hampshire, 
two years later, and to Fitchburg, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1857, where he was employed as 
machinist in the railroad shops, having re- 
signed his position as engineer. In 1863 he 
became master mechanic for the New Eng- 
land railroad and made his home at Needham, 
Massachusetts, having charge of the small re- 
pair shops at Needham and the large shops 
in Boston. Afterward he was for eleven years 
a passenger conductor on the New England 
railroad. In 1878 he accepted a position as 
passenger conductor on the Atchinson, Topeka 
& Sante Fe railroad having a three hundred 
mile run between Trinidad and Santa Fe. He 
made his home at Sante Fe. After five years 
he resigned to engage in the fruit and produce 
business on his own account. His store was at 
Santa Fe and his stock came largely from Cali- 
fornia. In 1888 he returned to Needham, 
Massachusetts, having retired from active busi- 
ness. For sevaral years he was custodian of the 
high school building at Needham. He was seri- 
ously injured before 1850 in an accident. \\'hile 
working in the railroad machine shops he was 
caught between a locomotive and a post and 
crushed badly. He was incapacitated for service 
in the civil war though eager to do his part. He 
was a Unitarian in religion, a Republican in 
politics. He was a life member of Aurora 
Lodge of Free Masons of Fitchburg, and was 
an honorary member of Norfolk Lodge of 
Needham. Mr. Whitney was an earnest, honor- 
able and upright citizen of sound judgment 
and sterling common sense. He was quiet and 
domestic in his habits, but fond of social life 
and enjoying the friendship of many. He mar- 
ried, September 12, 1850. Emeline Cole, of 
Westmoreland. New Hampshire, born there 
September i, 1830, died at Needham, February 
10, 1903, daughter of Heber and Prudence 



(Walker) Cole, of Westmoreland. Her father 
was a leading and representative citizen, was 
successful as a farmer, and at the time of his 
death left an ample competence to his family. 
Children: I. Willie Henry, born September 
30, 1854, died January 27, 1878. 2. Frank 
Cole, September 25, 1856, mentioned below. 

( IX ) Frank Cole, son of \\'illiam ]\Ieelus 
Whitney, was born in ^Manchester, New Hamp- 
shire, September 25, 1856. His parents 
removed to Fitchburg when he was a year old 
and he was educated there in the public schools. 
In 1865 he and his mother removed to Xeed- 
ham where his father was living. He attended 
the Needham grammar school and the English 
high school in Boston. In 1875 he became clerk 
in the store of E. Allen & Company, wholesale 
dealers in woolens, 50 Franklin street, Boston. 
A year later he became timekeeper and pay- 
master of the South Boston Iron Company, 
which made heavy ordnance for the United 
States government. In 1880 he went west and 
engaged in mining for a short time. For five 
years he was manager of the Santa Fe 
National Bank at Sante Fe, New Mexico. In 
1885 he returned east to become teller of the 
Lincoln National Bank of Boston. This bank 
and the Central National Bank were consoli- 
dated in 1896 and he remained with the con- 
cern until its failure in 1903. He has since 
been bookkeeper of the Faneuil Hall National 
Bank of Boston. He resides in Needham. He 
is a member of the First Unitarian Church of 
Needham, of which he was treasurer for ten 
years, serving from time to time on church 
committees. He is a Republican and has been 
town auditor. He is a member of the Boston 
Bank Officers' Association. He married, at 
Needham, June 9, 1896. Susie Gay Mackin- 
tosh, born at Needham, February 14, 1875, 
daughter of Curtis and Mary (Mason) Mack- 
intosh. Her father was a farmer at Needham ; 
was town assessor. Children, born at Need- 
ham: I. Helen, December 18, 1897. 2. Mar- 
jorie, April 15, 1905, died April 22, 1905. 3. 
Mason, February 25, 1907, died March 2, 
1907. 3. Ruth, May 3, 1908. 

The Cary family in England is one 

CARY of the oldest as it is one of the 

most illustrious and honored in the 

kingdom of Great Britain. The name existed 

in England before the Conquest and must have 

been as old as the time of the Saxons. 

(I) Adam de Kari (Cary) was lord of the 
Castle Kari in 1198 according to Sir William 
Pole. He was born about 11 70 and married 

Ann, daughter of Sir William Trevett, Knight. 
The castle no longer exists, but the town is 
called Castle Cary still. It is in Somersetshire. 
During the reign of King Stephen the Lord of 
Cary was opposed to him; the king assaulted 
and took the castle. In 11 53 it was again 
besieged and nearly ruined. The site of the 
old castle is very interesting to antiquarians. 

(II ) John de Kary, son of Adam, was born 
about 1200; married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
Richard Stapleton, Knight. 

(III ) William de Kary or Karry, son of Sir 
John, was born about 1230; married Alice, 
daughter of Sir William Beaumont, Knight. 

(I\') John de Karry, of Castle Karry, son 
of William, was born about 1270; married 
Fhillippa, daughter of Sir Warren Archdeacon, 
Knight. Sometimes the "de" was used, some- 
times not. 

(\') Sir John Cary, son of John, was born 
about 1300: married Margaret Boxon, of 
Bozume of Clovelly in Devon. 

(VI) Sir John Cary, Knight, son of Sir 
John, was born about 1325; married Agnes, 
daughter of Lord Stafiford, and (second) Jane, 
daughter of Sir Guy de Bryen, Knight. Since 
the reign of Edward II the spelling has been 

(VTI) Sir John Cary, Knight, son of Sir 
John, was born in 1350 at Holway, in north- 
west Devon ; married Margaret Holway ; was 
very noted, chief baron of the exchequer, 
judge. After King Richard II was put to 
death by Henry IV. Sir John was banished 
and all his goods and lands confiscated to the 
crown. He died at Water ford, Ireland, four 
year^Jater, 1404. 

(VIII) Sir Robert Cary, son of Sir John, 
was born about 1375. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Philip Courtenay, Knight. He 
married (second) Jane, daughter of Sir Will- 
iam Hanchford, Knight. He defeated in single 
combat a Knight of Arragon, for which Henry 
V restored to him a good part of his father's 
land, and at the same time Robert took the 
coat-of-arms of his opponent, which he and 
his successors have since borne : Argent on bend 
sable three roses argent. Before that the arms 
were : Gules, chevron entre three swans argent. 
The motto is : "\'irtute excerptae." 

(IX) Sir Philip Cary, son of Sir Robert, 
was born about 1400. He married Christian 
Orchard and died 1437. 

(X) Sir William Cary, Knight, son of Sir 
Philip, was born 1437. He married Elizabeth 
Paulett. He was known as the knight of 
Cockington. He took part in the war of the 


Roses on the Lancaster side. His side suffered 
defeat at the battle of Tewksbury, May 4, 
147 1, and Gary with others took refuge in the 
Abbey Church, a sanctuary where according to 
the custom of the times they could not be 
molested. They were enticed out on promise 
of pardon and two days later were beheaded. 
His property was confiscated, but Henry VH 
restored it to his son later. William left two 
sons: I. Robert, born 1460, mentioned below. 
2. Thomas, born 1466. 

(XI) Robert Cary, son of Sir William, was 
born about 1460. He inherited Clovelly from 
his father. He married (first) Jane Carew, 
daughter of Nicholas Carew, and they had 
two sons — John de Cary, born about 1485, and 
Thomas de Cary, born about 1495. He mar- 
ried (second) Agnes, daughter of Sir William 
Hody, and they had one^son, William, born 
about 1500, mentioned below. He married 
(third) Margaret Fulkeram, and had a son 
Robert, born about 1 5 10. He died in 1540, 
and has a monument in Clovelly church. 

(XH) William Cary, son of Robert, was 
born about 1500. He was sherifif of Somerset- 
shire in 1532, residing at Bristol. He was 
mayor of that city in 1546. He died March 28, 

(XHI) Robert Cary, eldest son of William 
Cary, was born in Bristol, in 1525, and died 
in 1670. 

(XIV) William Cary, eldest son of Robert 
Cary, was born October 3, 1560. He was 
sherifif of Bristol in 1599 and mayor in 1611. 
He had eight sons, three of whom came to 
America in 1634-35-40 respectively. 

(XV') James Cary, son of William Cary, 
born in Bristol, Somersetshire, England, came 
to America with two brothers, of whom Miles 
settled in Virginia and John in Bridgewater, 
Massachusetts. James settled in Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, where he was admitted to the 
church. May 3, 1647. He was a draper and 
merchant, clerk of the writs in 1650. His 
wife Eleanor was admitted to the Charlestown 
church, November 30, 1642, and died Novem- 
ber 9, 1697, aged eighty years. James Cary 
died November 2, 1681, aged eighty-one. His 
will was proved April 4, 1682, bequeathing to 
wife and five children. Children: i. Mehitable, 
married William Welstead. 2. John, born 
July 29, 1642. 3. James, born and died in 
1644. 4. Nathaniel, born March 7, 1645. 5- 
Jonathan, born January 15, 1646. 6. Elizabeth, 
born September 23, 1648. 7. Joanna, married 
a Mr. Wyman. 

From these three brothers John, James and 

Miles have descended a large family which are 
located all over the United States and their 
genealogical records will be found in the Cary 
Alemorials by General Samuel F. Cary, Cin- 
cinnati, 1874; American Family Antiquity by 
Albert Wells, New York, 1880; and in "The 
Cary Family in America" by Rev. Seth Gooley 
Cary, Dorchester, Boston, 1907, but the narra- 
tive from this point will treat of Jonathan 
Gary Ye Third, and his descendants. 

Jonathan Cary, shipwright, of Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, was born in England about 
A. D. 1700. He is called "Tertius" in the 

(I) Jonathan Gary and James, his brother, 
were undoubtedly nearly related to John Cary, 
of Plymouth, and James Cary, of Charlestown, 
who came to Massachusetts eighty odd years 
before : but as the exact connection cannot be 
traced authentically in this country, and as no 
relationship has ever been claimed, their 
descendants prefer that they should be con- 
sidered as the head of a separate and distinct 
family in America. The connecting link can 
be found only in the mother country, and will 
be an interesting study for some of their 
descendants. We know they all came from 
Bristol, England, or its immediate vicinity. It 
has always been the tradition in that branch of 
the Cary family of which Jonathan Gary "ye 
third" was the progenitor, that he, with his 
brother James, came from the West of Eng- 
land (where the best of broadcloth was made) 
aged about twenty-five years. The two brothers 
landed at Charlestown. Massachusetts, prob- 
ably about the years 1722-23. The first records 
we find of them are in the minutes of the Old 
First Church, Rev. Simeon Bradstreet, pastor, 
where we find that Jonathan and his brother 
James were baptized adults, February 7, 
1724-25. Jonathan was entered as "Jonathan 
Tertius" (third), probably to distinguish him 
from the Carys of the same given name then 
living in Charlestown. The Carys have firmly 
stood by the country of their adoption, having 
assisted in its welfare in various ways to the 
extent of their means and abilities. In those 
dark days of the war of the revolution, we find 
John Cary, son of Jonathan Gary, "ye third" 
after having been burned out at Charlestown, 
and having removed his family to a place of 
safety, building boats for Washington's army 
at Cambridge, Massa,chusetts. The war of 
1812 finds Jonathan Cary (grandson of Jona- 
than "ye 3rd") enrolled in Boston to defend 
that city against English invasion. The great 
rebellion of 1861-65 finds descendants of all 


branches of the famil\- at the front in the 
interest of freedom and the Union. The 
knowledge of the fact that the early Carys 
both in England and America were a worthy 
people should be and is a matter of pride to 
their descendants. 

In 1739 Jonathan Cary bought land of 
Henry Pownall at Charlestown for one hun- 
dred and ten pounds and part of this land he 
conveyed later to his son John in 1772. When 
Charlestown was burned by the British in 
1775 he and his aged wife found refuge in 
Reading and their names are on the list of 
refugees to whom aid was given. His last 
years were doubtless spent with his children. 
His brother James married, in 1729, Rebecca 
Erench, of Concord, Massachusetts, and their 
only son died young. Jonathan married (first) 
at Charlestown, October 30, 1724, Sarah Ray, 
born 1699, baptized 5, 1700, daughter 
of David and Hannah Ray. Her father owned 
the covenant in the Charlestown church, Sep- 
tember 26, 1696. He was born at Eorfarshire, 
Scotland, and baptized there. Jonathan married 
(second) August 15, 1733, Sarah Edmunds, 
born January 10, 1699-1700. daughter of John 
Edmunds of an old Charlestown family. Chil- 
dren : I. Jonathan, born July 6, 1725, died 
young. 2. Hannah, April 17, 1728, married 
Timothy Pike, of Bedford. 3. Samuel, Charles- 
town, July 26, 1730. died unmarried, October 
2T,. 1815. 4. Sarah, 1731, died unmarried 1784, 
Children of the second wife: 5. Thomas 
November 22, 1734, died April 28, 1748. 6, 
John, May 29, 1736, mentioned below. 7, 
James, May 21, 1739, died unmarried 1764. 8, 
Nathaniel, March 10, 1741, died unmarried at 

( II) John, son of Jonathan Cary, was born 
at Charlestown, May 29, 1736, died Alay 12, 
1790. He was a shipwright by trade and a 
mast and spar maker in Charlestown. When 
the British burned Charlestown he lost his 
house on Maudlin street and removed tem- 
porarily to the malt house near the river, 
thence to Reading, Massachusetts, where he 
occupied half a house with a Bowman family. 
He was employed by the government to built 
boats at Cambridge. Later he returned to 
Charlestown and lived in the old fort that the 
British evacuated. He built a new house on 
Maudlin street of timber hauled from Lexing- 
ton. His family Bible, printed in 1759, by 
Thomas Basket, of Oxford, England, is m the 
possession of his descendants. He married, 
September 27, 1759, at Charlestown, Hannah 
Edmunds, who died May 15, 1 82 1, aged eighty- 

six, daughter of David and Hannah Edmunds, 
of Charlestown. John Cary and his wife were 
both buried in Charlestown. Children, born in 
Charlestown: I. Hannah, October 14, 1760, 
married Benjamin West. 2. John, March 27, 

1763, died July 2, 1763. 3. Sarah, June 9, 

1764, married Jacob Farnsworth. 4. Mary, 
October 17. 1766, married Elias Earnsworth. 
5. Jonathan, November 3, 1768, mentioned 
laelow. 6. Elizabeth, October 4, 1771, died 
May 26, 1853. 7. Rebecca, October 14, 1773, 
married Samuel Burdett. 8. Nancy, Reading, 
February 8, 1776, died at Boston, October 30, 
181 1. 9. John, November 6, 1778, died May 
8. 1828. 

( III) Jonathan (2), son of John Cary, was 
born in Charlestown, November 3, 1768, died 
April 17, 1855, at Lexington, Massachusetts. 
He was apprenticed in his youth to Samuel 
Harris, spar-maker, who afterward admitted 
him to partnership. He bought a lot of land 
on Henchman"s lane and built his house, work- 
ing with his own hand and making use of spars 
and ship timber in the frame. Later he was 
in partnership with Samuel Browne, owning a 
mast-yard at Wheeler's Wharf, North Square. 
He was enrolled in the war of 1812 for the 
defence of Boston and the musket he carried 
is preserved by his descendants. In 1827 he 
bought a small farm at Lexington. He mar- 
ried (first) November 25, 1791. Jemima Green, 
of Groton, who died February 27, 1797, aged 
thirty-three. He married (second) December 
31, 1797, Mary Harris, daughter of Samuel 
and Lydia (Thornton) Harris. He married 
(third) December 9, 1821, Abigail Hastings, 
daughter of Isaac and Mary Hastings. His 
widow died July 25. 1877, aged eighty-nine. 
Children, born in Boston : i. John, born Janu- 
ary 14, 1793, died May 11. 181 1, aged nine- 
teen. 2. Maria, born July 13, 1794, died IVIarch 
4, 1808. 3. Sally, born 1795, died 1797. 4. 
William Harris, born in the house on Hench- 
man's lane, December 23, 1798, engaged in 
business as partner of his brother Isaac Harris 
in Boston and later took charge of the New 
York branch of the firm's business ; when the 
business was divided he took the New York 
store ; the firm of W. H. Cary & Company was 
established at 243-5 Pearl street; in 1857 the 
firm of Cary, Howard, Sanger & Company 
built the Cary Building at 105 and 107 Cham- 
bers street, one of the first iron front buildings 
in New York ; the business became one of the 
largest among importers of fancy goods in the 
country; Mr. Cary resided in Brooklyn; was 
a director of the Nassau Bank, the Nassau 

U-C Aisl^r.cs.! l-^lCo 



Fire Insurance Company, the Montauk Fire 
Insurance Company, the Firemens" Trust 
Company, the Home Life Insurance Company, 
the' Brooklyn City Raih"oad Company ; he 
bought the old Hastings homestead at Lexing- 
ton and remodeled the house for a summer 
home. He married, March 4, 1828, Maria 
Hastings, daughter of Isaac and Mary Hast- 
ings. 5. Samuel Harris, born July 22, 1800, 
was a student in Munroe's law office. State 
street, Boston, when he was killed by a fall 
from his horse, December 3, 1814. 6. Nathaniel 
Harris, born February 22, 1802, married (first) 
1826, Sarah B. Floyd, who died October 3, 
1835; (second) November 16, 1836, Ann Eliza 
\\'ilson, of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, who 
died August, 1840: (third) Mercy L. Bolton, 
of Dover, Maine, July 2, 1844: child of first 
wife: i. Maria, born July 13, 1827, married 
David S. T. Hardy; she died December 15, 
1871 : children of third wife: ii. Isaac Harris, 
born May 2"], 1845 ! '''• Jonathan George, born 
E)ecember 3, 1846, died October 4, 1869. 7. 
Isaac Harris, born November 3, 1803, men- 
tioned below. 8. George Singleton, born Sep- 
tember 15, 1807, was associated with his brother 
^^'illiam FI. in business and member of the 
firm for many years, having charge of the 
custom house department : resided in Brook- 
lyn and Babylon, Long Island : married, Octo- 
ber 29, 1840, Mary \A'ellington, daughter of 
Deacon David and Rebecca Wellington : chil- 
dren : i. \Mlliam Harris, born September 5, 
1 84 1, died March 9, 1859; ii. Mary Adelia, 
born Alarch 22, 1846, married, October 14, 
1869, Nelson G. Carman, of Brooklyn. 9. 
Mary Maria, born March 4, 1810, married, 
August 28, 1862, John Hastings, of Lexington ; 
she died August 22, 1887. 

(IV) Isaac Harris, son of Jonathan (2) 
Cary, was born in the old homestead on Hench- 
man's Lane, North End, Boston, November 3, 
1803, He received his education in the public 
schools. When a youth he was "bound out" 
as an apprentice, but before he came of age 
he bought his time, and started in business for 
himself as a dealer in horn and ivory, Wash- 
ington street, Boston. He worked energetically 
and tirelessly in his business, often starting as 
early as one o'clock in the morning for Salem 
where he bought goods of the importers in the 
East Indian and African trade. A few years 
later, in 1824, he and his brother, William H. 
Cary, formed a partnership and engaged in the 
dry and fancy goods business at 50 Washing- 
ton street, Boston. As their business increased 
and prospered they built a granite front build- 

ing on Washington street for the store. In 
1827 a branch of the business was established 
at the corner of Wall and Pearl streets, New 
York City, and this branch was the nucleus of 
the great business developed by his brother 
who took charge of it from the beginning. 
Isaac was interested in the New York business 
for several years, devoting his time exclusively 
to the Boston concern. He finally sold his 
business, and for several years conducted a 
similar store in New Orleans, but disliking the 
climate and other conditions there, he returned 
to Boston and devoted his time and capital to 
real estate. He bought large tracts of land 
in the West Roxbury or Jamaica Plain district 
of Boston, and developed the property, build- 
ing houses and selling building lots. His home 
in Jamaica Plain was an extensive estate 
among the famous pudding stone rocks of that 
section and he derived much pleasure in laying 
out and cultivating his place. He had many 
drives built through the spacious estate and 
took pleasure in naming them and even the 
prominent ledges he designated by names such 
as. Sunset, Jerusalem and Philippines. Flis 
house was on Forest Flill street, attractive in 
architecture and beautiful in its appointments. 
The improvement and landscape work in 
Franklin F'ark, near his home, was due in large 
measure to his efforts and influence. 

He was a typical self-made man, starting 
without means and building up a large fortune ; 
having a common school education and becom- 
ing a man of great learning and intellectual 
attainments. He was upright as well as ener- 
getic, of sterling character and extraordinary 
capacity for work, of strong will, sound judg- 
ment and pleasing manners. He was a natural 
leader of men and his advice was sought by 
all classes and conditions of men, especially 
in his later years of ripened wisdom and 
lengthened experience. He was a useful and 
influential citizen, especially interested in the 
affairs of his own section of the city. In early 
life he was a \\'hig in politics, but became a 
Republican when the party was organized and 
continued one until his death. He was a promi- 
nent member of the Unitarian church and his 
home was often the place of meeting for min- 
isters and prominent laymen of this faith. He 
was an intimate friend of the pastor, Rev. 
Robert Waterson, and a liberal contributor to 
the support and work of the society. 

He married, February 22, 1831, Phebe P. 
Pratt, born August 15, 1803. daughter of Will- 
iam and Marv (Wvman) Pratt, of Roxbury. 
Her father was a currier. Mrs. Cary survived 



her husband a number of years, dying in her 
ninetieth year at the homestead in Jamaica 
Plain. She was sympathetic and generous by 
nature, and throughout her life active and 
liberal in benevolence. She was a friend of all 
the poor and needy in the vicinity. She was a 
prominent member of the Unitarian church. 
Children, born in Boston: i. Susanna Eliza- 
beth, born July 28, 1832, was educated in 
public and private schools in Boston ; now 
owns and occupies the homestead in Jamaica 
Plain where she is well known and highly 
respected ; an active member of the Unitarian 
church ; a zealous promoter of the New Eng- 
land Women's and Children's Hospital, of 
which she is a director and member of the 
executive committees ; interested in various 
other charities and charitable organizations. 2. 
Eliza Prentiss, born August 15, 1834, married, 
September 22. 1882, Dr. Horace P. Farnham, 
of New York City, a noted specialist in diseases 
of the throat and lungs; now deceased; his 
widow now resides in the city of New York, 
and is well known in society there ; she has no 
children. 3. William George, born August 3, 
1836, died August 22, 1837. Later descend- 
ants of the Cary family reside in Brooklyn. 

Captain Edward Johnson, 
JOHNSON immigrant ancestor, was born 

in Canterbury, county Kent, 
England, and baptized there September 16 or 
17, 1598, he was son of William Johnson. He 
came to Charlestown with the first immigrants, 
but soon returned to England, and about 1635 
or 1637 brought his wife, seven children and 
three servants, to New England. He was a 
man of influence in the colony, and resided in 
Woburn, where he held many important offices. 
At the first meeting of the commissioners for 
the settlement of the new town, he presented 
a plan of the territory to be included within 
the limits, and was appointed the first recorder 
or town clerk. He was active in founding the 
first church, and commanded the first military 
company in Woburn. He was the author of 
some unique lines at the beginning of the first 
volume of the Woburn town records, and also 
of "Wonderworking Providences of Sion's 
Savior in New England." first printed in Lon- 
don in 1653. He was famous as a surveyor 
and early explorer, and was appointed in 1665 
by the general court to make a map of the 
colony, in conjunction with William Stevens. 
In 1672, after his death, the general court 
passed an order regarding the chronicle of the 
early history of the colony, which reads as 

follows : "The court considering how many 
ways the providences of God hath mercifully 
appeared in behalf of his people in these parts, 
since their coming into this wilderness, and us 
of the colony in particular, do judge it our 
duty to endeavor that a register or Chronicle 
may be made of the several passages of God's 
providence, protecting of and saving from 
many eminent dangers, as well in transporta- 
tion, as in our abode here making provision 
beyond what could, in reason, have been 
expected, and preventing our fears many a 
time ; so that our posterity and the generation 
that shall survive, taking view of the kindness 
of God to their fathers, it may remain as an 
obligation upon them to serve the Lord their 
God with all their hearts and souls." The 
court, therefore, appointed a committee "to 
make diligent inquiry in the several parts of 
the jurisdiction concerning anything of moment 
that has passed, and in particular of what has 
been collected by Mr. John Winthrop Sen., 
Mr. Thomas Dudley, Mr. John Wilson Sen., 
Captain Edward Johnson, or any other ; that 
so, matter being prepared, some meet person 
may be appointed by this court to put the 
.same into form; that so, after perusal of the 
same, it may be put to press." No fuller 
account of the origin and settlement of a town 
of equal age in Ne^v England has been given 
than that by Captain Johnson in his "Wonder- 
working Providence.'' He died in Woburn, 
April 23, 1672. His will was dated May 15, 
1671, and the inventory, returned May ir, 
1673, gives the account of the estate as seven 
hundred and five pounds, five shillings and six 
pence. Of this amount about half was for 
property in England. He married Susan or 

Su.-anna , who died March 7, 1689-90. 

Her will was dated December 14, 1689, and 
])roved March 2, 1690-91. Her son John, with 
whom she dwelt after her husband died, was 
the sole beneficiary. Children: i. Edward, 
baptized November 7, 1619, married, February 
10, 1649-50, Katherine Baker. 2. George, bap- 
tized April 3, 1625, married Katherine . 

3. Susan, baptized April i, 1627, married 
James Prentice. 4. William, baptized March 
22, 1628-29, mentioned below. 5. Martha, 
baptized May i, 1631, married, March 18, 
1649-50, John Ames. 6. Matthew, baptized 
March 30, 1633, married (first) November 12, 
1656, Hannah Palfrey: (second) October 23, 
1662, Rebecca Wiswall. 7. John, baptized 
May 10, 1635, married, April 26, 1657, Bethia 
Reed. j 

(11) William, son of Captain Edward John- 



son, was baptized in Canterbury, county Kent, 
England, March 22, 1628-29, and came with 
his parents to New England. He was a promi- 
nent citizen of Woburn, and was the second 
recorder, succeeding his father. He attained 
to high civic office and was assistant of the 
colony. He was a military officer of several 
ranks, from ensign to major. He was one of 
those who resisted the policies of Governor 
Andros. At one time he was in active service 
in command against the Indians. He died 
May 22, 1704. His will was dated May 10, 
1695, and proved September 11, 1704. He 
married, May 16, 1655, Esther Wiswall, who 
died December 27, 1707, daughter of Elder 
Thomas Wiswall, of Dorchester and Newton. 
Children, born in Woburn: i. William, Feb- 
ruary 26, 1656. 2. Edward, March 19, 1658, 
mentioned below. 3. Ebenezer, March 29, 
1660. 4. Esther, April 13, 1662, married, 
December 17, 1685, Lieutenant Seth Wyman ; 
died March 31, 1742. 5. Joseph, June 14, 
1664. 6. Benjamin, October 15, 1666. 7. 
Josiah, January 15, 1669. 8. Susanna, June 
29, 1 67 1, married, June 6, 1704, Daniel Reed. 
9. Abigail, October 4, 1674, married June 14, 
1705, Samuel Pierce. 

(IH) Captain Edward (2), son of William 
Johnson, was born in Woburn, March 19, 1658, 
died there August 7, 1725. He was deacon of 
the church. He was ensign, lieutenant and 
captain of the Woburn military company from 
1693 to 1724. He was in active service against 
the Indians in the winter of 1704 and com- 
manded the company. His will was dated 
August 5, 1725. and proved September 3, 1725. 
He married (first) January 12, 1687, Sarah 
Walker, died May 31, 1704, daughter of 
Samuel and Sarah (Reed) Walker. He mar- 
ried (second) Abigail (Gardner) Thompson, 
widow of James Thompson, and daughter of 
Richard and Anna ( Blanchard ) Gardner. 
Children of first wife : i. Edward, born Octo- 
ber 12, 1687, died January 3, 1688. 2. Edward, 
May 4, 1689, mentioned below. 3. Sarah, mar- 
ried (first) John Simonds ; (second) Samuel 
Richardson. 4. Esther, January 26, 1694, mar- 
ried, 1716, John Stearns. 5. Samuel, Febru- 
ary 21, 1696. 6. Abigail, married, December 
II, 1 717, Timothy Richardson. 7. Susanna, 
January 14, 1701, married. May 23, 1722, 
Samuel Jones. 8. Ichabod, April 22, 1703, 
killed May 8, 1725. in Lovewell's fight. Chil- 
dren of second wife: 9. Elizabeth, November 
6, 1705, married, January i, 1723, Joseph 
Winn. 10. Joseph, June 22, 1708. 

(IV) Deacon Edward (3), son of Captain 

Edward (2) Johnson, was born in Woburn, 
May 4, 1689, died October 5, 1774. He was 
corporal in 1715; ensign from 1716 to 1732; 
lieutenant from 1733 to 1740. He was deacon 
of the Woburn second parish church from 
1741 to 1774, when he died. He married 
(first) Rebecca Reed, daughter of Captain 
William and Abigail (Kendall) Reed, of Lex- 
ington. He married (second) December 13, 
1750, Esther ( Mason) Coolidge, widow of Cap- 
tain Joseph Coolidge, and daughter of Joseph 
and Mary (Fisk) Mason, of Watertown. He 
married (third) February 19, 1755, Sarah 
(Simonds) Wilson, widow of Samuel Wilson, 
and daughter of James and Susanna (Blogget) 
Simonds, of Woburn. She died March 12, 
1775' a-ged eighty years. Children, all by first 
wife: I. Rebecca, born April 22, 1712, mar- 
ried, February 24, 1736, Ebenezer Wyman. 2. 
Mary, October 26, 1713, married, June 3, 173S, 
Enoch Richardson. 3. Edward, September 28, 
1715. 4. Joshua, February 16, 1717. 5. 
Eleazer, February 27, 1719. 6. Jonathan, June 
13, 1720, mentioned below. 7. Nathan, Novem- 
ber II, 1 72 1, married, 1749, Abigail Walker. 
8. Abigail, July 15, 1723, married (first) June 
5, 1744, Samuel Wilson; (second) November 
10, 1761, Simeon Spaulding. 9. Ichabod, 
December 23, 1724, died about 1758. 10. Lucy, 
January 3, 1726. 11. Jonas, January 17, 1728, 
die<l in the army at Lake George, 1755. 12. 
Asa, February 16, 1729, married, February 
22, 1753, Tamar Whitcomb. 13. Susanna, 
October 23, 1730. married. May 2, 1753, 
Joshua Kendall. 

(V) Jonathan, son of Deacon Edward (3) 
Johnson, was born June 13, 1720, died Novem- 
ber 30, 1793. He resided in Leominster at the 
time of his marriage. In 1759 he was a soldier 
in the French war. He was one of the alarm 
list in Walker's company and went to Lexing- 
ton on the alarm, April 19, 1775. He married 
(intention dated September 12, 1748) Sarah 
Wilson, who died in Burlington, ]\Iassachu- 
setts, October 20, 1805, aged eighty-three years, 
daughter of Samuel and Sarah (Simonds) 
Wilson, of Woburn. Children: I.Jonathan, 
born February I, 1 75 1. 2. Jotham, November 
28, 1753, mentioned below. 3. Sarah, baptized 
August 8, 1756. 4. Sarah, born May 24, 1759. 
5. Lucy, November 4, 1761. married, January 
22, 1784, General John Walker. 6. Ichabod, 
September 6, 1764. 

(\T) Jotham, son of Jonathan Johnson, 
was born November 28, 1753, died about 1827. 
He resided in Burlington, Massachusetts, 
removing there from the south school district 


of the second parish of Woburn, where he was 
living as late as 1798. He was in the revolu- 
tion in Walker's company, and answered the 
Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775, and was a 
member of the third foot company in Woburn 
under Captain Timothy Winn in May, 1775. 
He was a fifer in the militia from 1780 to 
1782. He served five months in the expedition 
to Canada in 1776. He married, February 23, 
1775, Eunice Reed, daughter of Deacon Samuel 
and Eunice (Stone) Reed, of Woburn. Chil- 
dren: I. Eunice, born September 29, 1775 
married, May 8, 1796, Samuel Caldwell. 2 
Jotham, May 6, 1778, mentioned below. 3 
Surviah, July 2, 1780 (baptized Sophia), mar- 
ried, January 7, 1810, Thomas Conn. 4 
Alpheus, Januaiy I, 1783, died unmarried. 5 
Lucy, ;\Ia"rch 8, 1785, married, April 10, 1808 
Samuel Kent. 6. Susanna, August 9, 1787 
married, January 11, 1810, James Reed Jr. 7 
Lucy, ;\Iarch 6, 1790, married, April 15, 1818, 
]\Ioses Hastings. 8. Edward, July 12, 1794 
married, October 14, 1824, Hannah Gibson 
9. Elbridge, baptized May 7, 1797. died Novem- 
ber 7, 1799. 10. Elbridge, baptized June 29, 
1800, died unmarried. 

(\'U) Jotham (2), son of Jotham (i) 
Johnson, was born May 6, 1778, and resided in 
"Charlestown. He married, October 14, 1802, 
Susan Tufts, daughter of Samuel and Mar- 
tha (Adams) Tufts, of Medford and Charles- 
town. Children, born in Charlestown: i. 
Charles Berkeley, April 12, 1805, married, 
April 10, 1831, Elizabeth AL Jones. 2. 
George, February 6, 1807, married Hepzibah 
Frothingham. 3. Jotham, July 25, 1809. 4. 
Martha Tufts, September 22, 181 1. 5. Samuel 
Tufts, February i, 1814. 6. Henry, Novem- 
ber 27, 1815, died 1817. 7. Henry A., March 
18, 1818, mentioned below. 8. William, 
March 20, 1820. 9. John Barrett, April 2, 

(\'ni) Henry Augustus, son of Jotham 
(2) Johnson, was born at Charlestown, ]\Iarch 
18, 1818, died at his Glen Road home in 
Jamaica Plain. Boston, in 1895. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools. He engaged in 
business as a produce dealer and was very 
successful. He was a Republican in politics 
and took a prominent part in public affairs. 
While living in Charlestown he was town clerk 
and held other positions of trust and responsi- 
bility. In 1878-79 he represented his district 
in the general court and demonstrated unusual 
ability as a legislator, serving on important 
committees and attending zealously to the 
interests of his constituents. He was a promi- 

nent member of the Unitarian church for 
many years. He made his home in his later 
years in Jamaica Plain, Boston. Of strict 
integrity and sterling character he won the 
respect and esteem of all who knew him. He 
married, June 5, 1851, Carolme Weld Dudley, 
born July 25, 1830, daughter of David and 
Hannah (Davis) Dudley. (See Dudley XVT). 
Children: i. David Dudley, born in Jamaica 
Plain, April 8, 1852, died unmarried March 8, 
1902. 2. Caroline Louise, March 24, 1857, in 
Newton, married Elbridge Gerry Dudley, a 
distant relative, now a dry goods commission 
merchant in New York City, residing at 
Orange, New Jersey ; children : i. Davis 
Thomas, born July 18, 1892, at Jamaica Plain ; 
ii. Elbridge Gerrj^ Jr. ; iii. Caroline Weld. 3. 
Mary Leslie, August 22, 1861, in Newton, 
resides with her mother in the home at Ja- 
maica Plain. 4. Alice Maud, August 29, 1863, 
died May 12, 1877. 5. Henry Weld, Decem- 
ber 25, 1867, mentioned below. 

(IX) Henry Weld, son of Henry Augustus 
Johnson, was born in Jamaica Plain, Boston, 
December 25, 1867. He was educated in the 
public schools. He was for a number of years 
clerk in a mercantile house in Boston. At 
present he is in charge of a large farm owned 
by his mother in Townsend, Massachusetts, 
devoting his time to the care of this and other 
property of his mother. In politics he is a 
Democrat, and in religion a Unitarian. His 
only child, Edith Leslie, born January i, 1898, 
resides with her aunt at the homestead in 
Jamaica Plain. 

(The Dudley Line). 

Hugh de Sutton, progenitor of the Barons 
of Dudley was a native of Nottinghamshire, 
England. He married Elizabeth, daughter and 
heir of William Patrick, Lord of the moiety 
of the Barony of Malpas, county Chester. 

(II) Richard de Sutton, son of Hugh de 
Sutton, married Isabel, only daughter and 
heir of Rotherick the son of Griffin. 

(III) Sir John de Sutton, Knight, son of 
Richard de Sutton, was the first Baron of 
Dudley. He married Margaretta De Somerie, 
sister and co-heir of John De Somerie ; Lord 
Dudley probably lived and died in the town of 
Dudley, England. 

( IV ) John de Sutton, son of Sir John de 
Sutton, was the second Baron of Dudley. He 
married Isabel, daughter of John de Charlton, 
Lord Powis. He died at Dudley in 1376. 

(V) John de Sutton, son of John de Sut- 
ton, was the third Baron of Dudley. He mar- 



ried Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Stafiford. 
He died at Dudley in 1406. 

(\T) John de Sutton, son of John de 
Sutton, was the fourth Baron of Dudley and 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He was born in 
1 40 1 and died in the early part of the reign 
of Henry VL 

(VH) John de Sutton, son of John de Sut- 
ton, was the fifth Baron of Dudley and Knight 
of the most noble Order of the Garter, and 
treasurer of the King's household. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Berkley, widow of Sir Edward 
Charlton, and daughter of Sir John Berkley, 
of Beverston. county Gloucester. 

(VHL) Sir Edmund Sutton, Lord Dudley, 
son of John de Sutton, married (first) Joice 
Tiploft, sister and co-heir of John Tiploft, 
Earl of \\'orcester. 

( IX ) Thomas Dudley, son of Sir Edmund 
.Sutton, married the daughter and co-heir of 
Launcelot Threkeld, Esq., of Tornorth. 

(X) Captain Roger, believed to be son of 
Thomas Dudley, was killed in the wars in 
early life, about 1586. He left two children, 
Thomas, mentioned below, and a daughter 
who doubtless died in England. 

(XL) Thomas, son of Captain Roger Dud- 
ley, was born at Northampton, England. He 
was a clerk to his mother's kinsman. Judge 
Nichols, and a captain in the low countries. 
He was a steward to the Earl of Lincoln 
and for some time resided in Boston, England. 
He was one of the projectors, and later, De- 
cember I, 1629, an undertaker of the ]\Iassa- 
chusetts Bay Colony. He was assistant March 
18. 1629, deputy governor March 23, 1629-30, 
at the last court held in England. He came in 
the ship "Arabella" to Salem, jMassachusetts, 
and then in company with Governor Winthrop 
to Charlestown. He was governor, deputy 
governor or assistant every year of his life 
afterwards. He died July 31. 1653, aged 
seventy-six. He married (first) in England, 

Dorothy , who died December 27, 1643, 

at Roxbury, aged sixty-one years. He married 
(second) Katherine (Deighton) Hagborn, 
widow of Samuel Hagborn. She had two sons 
and two daughters by her first husband, and 
two sons and a daughter by her second. She 
married (third) Rev. John .Mien, of Dedham, 
and died August 29, 1671. Governor Dudley 
made his will April 23, 1652, with additions 
April 13, May 28 and July 8, 1653. It ex- 
presses his desire to be buried in the grave of 
his first wife : bequeathing to all his children 
by both wives and to grandchildren, Thomas 
and John Dudley, whom he had brought up. 

Children of first wife: i. Rev. Samuel, born 
1610, in England, married Mary Winthrop. 
2. Ann, about 161 2, in England, married Gov- 
ernor Simon Bradstreet. 3. Patience, Eng- 
land, _ died February 8, 1689-90, at Ipswich; 
married Major Daniel Denison, at Cambridge! 
4. Sarah, baptized July 23, 1620, at Sempring- 
ham, England, died" 1659 at Roxbury; married 
Major Benjamin Keane; (second) Thomas 
Macy, of Boston. 5. Mercy, born September 
27, 1621, in England, died July i, 1691, at 
Newbury, Massachusetts; married Rev. John 
^^'oodbridge. Children of second wife: 6. 
Deborah, born February 27, 1645, died No- 
vember I, 1683 : married Jonathan Wade, of 
Medford. 7. Joseph, September 23, 1647, 
mentioned below. 8. Paul, September 8, 1650, 
died December i, 1681, married Mary Lev- 
erett, daughter of Governor John Leverett. 

(XII) Governor Joseph, son of Governor 
Thomas Dudley, was born at Roxbury, Sep- 
tember 2^. 1647, when his father was seventy- 
two years old. When he was about five years 
old his father died, and he removed at the age 
of six with his mother and step- father to Ded- 
ham. He attended the school of Master Corlet 
at Cambridge, and at the age of thirteen en- 
tered Harvard College graduating in 1665, 
He was admitted a freeman in 1672 and was 
deputy to the general court in 1673-74-75, and 
assistant in 1676 and each year but one until 
1685. I" 1675 he was one of the commis- 
sioners who treated with the Indians in King 
Philip's war, and was present at the battle 
with the Narragansetts in December, 1675. 
In 1677 he became a member of the Ancient 
and Honorable Artillery Company, and the 
same year was chosen commissioner for the 
United Colonies, and served until 1681, when 
he was elected as agent to the Court of St. 
James. In 1677 he was assistant and held 
court in New Hampshire. Soon after he went 
to England on political business. In 1685 he 
was appointed governor or president of the 
new government instituted by James II, serv- 
ing until Governor Andros took control in 
December, 1686. In 1687 he was appointed 
justice. He suffered with Andros at the 
overthrow of his administration, and was con- 
fined in prison several months, being finally 
removed to his house, and guarded there under 
heavy bonds. Three hours later a mob seized 
him at midnight and carried him to the jail 
where the keeper refused to receive him, and 
he was carried to the house of a niece, which 
the crowd forcibly entered. At the request 
of Governor Bradstreet, he returned to prison 



to allay the fury of the mob. He was sent to 
England for trial in 1690, returning later in 
the year, having conciliated the king, and was 
appointed chief justice of New York, being 
removed from office on account of being a 
non-resident. He went to England again and 
stayed from 1693 till 1702, where he was 
deputy governor of the Isle of Wight. He was 
very jDopular in England. In 1702 he was ap- 
pointed governor of the provinces of Massa- 
chusetts and New Hampshire, and came to 
New England to assume his office. He died 
April 2, 1720, at Ro.xbury. He married Re- 
becca Tyng, who died September 21, 1722, 
daughter of Judge Edward Tyng. Children: 
I. Thomas, born February 26, 1670, gradu- 
ated at Harvard, 1685 ; died unmarried. 2. 
Edward, September 4. 167 1, died young. 3. 
Joseph, November 8, 1673, died young. 4. 
Paul, September 3, 1675, married Lucy Wain- 
wrighf, died 1751. 5. Samuel, September 7, 
1677, died young. 6. John, February, 1679, 
died young. 7. Rebecca, May 16, 1681, mar- 
ried Samuel Sewall Jr. 8. Catharine, January 
7. 1683, died young. 9. Ann, August 27, 
1684, married (first) John Winthrop ; (sec- 
ond) Jeremiah Miller; died 1776. 10. Will- 
iam, October 20, 1686, mentioned below. 11. 
Daniel, b'ebruary 4, 1689, died young. 12. 
Catherine, January 5, 1690. married Lieuten- 
ant Governor William Wainwright. 13. Mary, 
November 2, 1692, married (first) Francis 
^\'ainwright; (second) Captain Joseph At- 
kins: died November 19, 1774. 

(XIII) Hon. William, son of Governor 
Joseph Dudley, was born October 20, 1686, 
died in 1740. He married Elizabeth Daven- 
port, daughter of Judge Addington Davenport. 
Children: I. Elizabeth, born May 16, 1724, 
married (first) Dr. Joseph Richards, March 
24, 1749; (second) June 27, 1765, Samuel 
Scarborough; died November i, 1805. 2. 
Rebecca, May 28, 1726, married (first) Benja- 
min Gerrish ; (second) October 14, 1775, John 
Burbige, died January 30, 1809. 3. Lucy, 
February 15, 1728, married, February 23, 
1749, Dr. Simon Tufts; died November 18, 
1768. 4. Catherine, December 27, 1729, mar- 
ried Peter Johonnot ; died June 28, 1769. 5. 
Thomas, September 9. 1731, mentioned below. 

6. Joseph, 1732, married Lucy . 7. 

Mary, August 10, 1736, married John Cotton; 
died February 6, 1796. 8. Ann, married John 
Lovell ; died April, 1775. 

(XIV) Thomas (2), son of William Dud- 
ley, was born September 9, 1731, died at Rox- 
bury, November 9. 1769. He married, April 

26, 1753, Hannah Whiting. She married (sec- 
ond) in 1770, Colonel Joseph Williams. Chil- 
dren, born at Roxbury: i. William, Decem- 
ber 25, 1753. married, February 2, 1774, Sarah 
XMlliams : died October 4, 1786. 2. Lieuten- 
ant Thomas, October 27, 1755, mentioned 
below. 3. Paul, July 29, 1757, married, April 

27, 1779, Martha Foster; died February 22, 
1847. 4. Lucy, April 2J, 1759, married, Sep- 
tember II, 1783, Seth T. Whiting. 5. Cath- 
arine, March 20, 1761. married, December 27, 
1779, Nehemiah Davis. 6. Rebecca, June 10, 
1763, married, June I, 1788, JNIajor Nathaniel 
Parker; died September 10, 1834. 7. Joseph, 
April 29, 1765, died unmarried. 

(X\'') Lieutenant Thomas (3), son of 
Thomas (2) Dudley, was born at Roxbury, 
October 27, 1755, died there. He married, 
May 14, 1778, Abigail Weld. Children, born 
at Ro.xbury: i. Hannah, April 11, 1781. 2. 
Thomas, March 5, 1783, married Mary Bur- 
rill; died Februar}- 23, 1826. 3. Abigail 
(twin), March 11, 1785, died young. 4. 
Samuel C, March 11, 1785, died at sea. 5. 
David. August 23, 1787, mentioned below. 

( X\T ) David, son of Lieutenant Thomas 
(3) Dudley, was born at Roxbury, August 
23, 1787, died there April i, 1841. He was 
president of the Traders" Bank at Boston. 
He married, in 1814, Hannah Davis, died Feb- 
ruary 26, 1886, daughter of Moses Davis, of 
Roxbury. Children, born at Roxbury: i. 
Rebecca D., April 27, 1815, died October 26, 
1815. 2. Sarah W., November 19, 1816, died 
January 12, 1817. 3. Abigail W., October 28, 
1S18, died young. 4. Mary A. D., August 9, 
1 82 1, married, October 13, 1841, William G. 
Lewis. 5. Charles D., October 2, 1822. died 
July 15, 1840. 6. Abigail W., November 27, 
1824. 7. Julia M., February 2, 1827, died 
March 16, 1827. 8. Caroline Weld, July 25, 
1830, married, June 5, 185 1, Henry A. John- 
son. (See Johnson \TII). 9. Hannah M., 
September 5, 1832. 10. George F., January 
14. 1835- ' 

James Johnson, immigrant 
JOHNSON ancestor, born in England, 
was an earl)' settler in Bos- 
ton, where land was allotted him November 
30, 1633. He was admitted a freeman of the 
Massachusetts Bay Colon}', ]\Iay 25, 1636. 
He was a leather dresser or glover by trade. 
He was a member of the Ancient and Honor- 
able Artillery Company in 1638; was chosen 
third sergeant in 1644, lieutenant in 1658, cap- 
tain in train band in 1656. He was admitted 




to the church, April lo, 1636, and was chosen 
deacon in 1655. He was found November 20, 
1637, among the followers of Wheelwright 
and Ann Hutchinson, for which he and others 
were disarmed. He received the thanks of 
the general court for his past services when 
he resigned his commission as captain on ac- 
count of physical weakness. He was approved 
to sell coffee and chocolate April 24, 1671, and 
in 1674 was given an additional privilege of 
selling cider at his public house. He was 
entrusted with the settlement of many estates 
as administrator and was one of the execu- 
tors of the will of Major Robert Keayne. He 
was a member of the committee of the militia 
in 1664. He died about 1674. His house lot, 
where he first lived, was at the corner of Court 
and Sudbury streets, Boston. He had a garden 
lot on the Common, which then went to the 
line of the present ■Mason street, between Tre- 
mont and Washington streets. It was in the 
rear of the houses facing Washington street, 
on that part later known as Newbury street. 
On this lot he built his second house in which 
he lived during the latter part of his life. He 
had on the lot also a barn and a slaughter 
house in which he carried on his business as 
glover. The lot was situated between \\'est 
and Winter streets and was famous during the 
early part of the nineteenth century as the 
site of the Washington Gardens. Johnson had 
a third lot, pasture land on the north side of 
Beacon Hill, situated at or near the junction 
of West Cedar and Cambridge streets. He had 
another lot of land near the mill cove, and in 
the rear of Middle or Hanover street, and later 
a part of the estate on which stood the Green 
Dragon tavern. On January 3, 1637-38, he 
received a grant of eight acres of land at 
Muddy River (Brookline), agreeable to the 
consent at a general meeting for allotments 
December 14, 1735 : February 23, 1656, he 
was leased waste lands of the town on the 
south side of the creek, paying four pounds 
ten shillings per annum to the school as rent. 
He took a mortgage July 23, 1654, on an acre 
and a half of land on which now stands the 
Adams House, and also on three acres at the 
east end of Spectacle Island, in Boston Har- 
bor. In May, 1659, the general court granted 
him a tract of land on the north side of the 
Merrimac river at Naumkeag, and he ex- 
changed it in 1664 for a warehouse at Oliver's 
Dock. His first wife Margaret died in Bos- 
ton, in March, 1643, and soon afterward he 
married (second) Abigail, daughter of 
Thomas Ohver. Children, all bv second wife: 

I. Joseph, born September 27, 1644, died Sep- 
tember 30, 1644. 2. Abigail, November 25, 

1645, died young. 3. Abigail, February 12, 

1646. 4. Elizabeth, April 21, 1649, died' No- 
vember II, 1653. 5. Samuel, baptized March 
16, 165 1, mentioned below. 6. James, twin, 
born March 7, 1653. 7. John, twin, March 7, 
1653. '^- Elizabeth, April 12, 1655, died Jan- 
uary 23, 1663-64. 9. Mary, March 27, 1657. 
10. Hannah, November 23, 1659, died August 
3, 1660. II. Hannah, June 12, 1661. 

(II) Samuel, son of James Johnson, was 
baptized March 16, 1651, died November 18, 
1697. He learned his father's trade as glover, 
and settled in Boston, later in Lynn. He mar- 
ried Phebe Burton, baptized at Hingham, May 
12, 1644, daughter of Edward Burton, of 
Hingham. In his will he mentions children : 
Samuel, Edward, Jonathan and Elizabeth, and 
his wife, who was executrix and principal 
legatee. In a deed lib. 25, Suft'olk county, 
mention is made of Edward Johnson, mariner ; 
Jonathan Johnson, chairmaker ; Richard Rich- 
ardson, of Lynn, shipwright, and the only 
surviving sons and daughters of Samuel and 
Phebe Johnson, of Boston. Children: i. 
Phebe, born August 31, 1670, died young. 2. 
Sarah, June 10, 1672, died young. 3. Samuel, 
December 15, 1676. 4. Edward, August I, 
1679. 5. Jonathan, August i, 1683, men- 
tioned below. 6. Elizabeth, married Richard 

(HI) Jonathan, son of Samuel Johnson, 
was born in Boston, August i, 1683. He was 
mentioned in the will of his aunt, Hannah 
Handley, who also speaks of her sister, Phebe 
Johnson. His sister Elizabeth married Rich- 
ard Richardson, of Boston, shipwright, son of 
Richard Richardson, of Lynn, and they re- 
moved to Lynn probably after their marriage. 
Jonathan Johnson also settled in Lynn, prob- 
ably from the fact that his sister lived there. 
About 17 18 Richardson went to Falmouth, 
now Portland, ]Maine. but returned to Boston 
in 1723. Jonathan Johnson married, May 30, 
1710, at Lynn, Sarah jNIansfield, born Novem- 
ber 6, 1676, daughter of Samuel and Sarah 
(Barsham) Mansfield; (second) Susannah 

. who survived him. He died May 8, 

1741, in his fifty-eighth year, and his grave 
is marked with a stone. His will was proved 
June 14, 1741. Children: I. Mary, born De- 
cember 12, 1 71 2. 2. Phebe, December 15, 
1714. 3. Sarah, January 26. 1718-19. 4- Ed- 
ward. August 16. 1721. mentioned below. 5. 
Jonathan, December 3, 1725. 6. EHzabeth, 
"September 14. 1726. 


(I\') Edward, son of Jonathan Johnson, 
was born in Lynn, August i6, 1721. He mar- 
ried, October 3, 1744, Bethia. daughter of 
Joseph and Elizabeth (Potter) Xewhall, of 
L3'nn. He resided in Lynn all his life. His 
will was proved March 26, 1799. He was a 
member of the Massachusetts provincial con- 
gress in 1755 and served on several important 
committees ; was deputy to the general court, 
1776-77. Children: I. Elizabeth, born Aug- 
ust 6, 1745. married Talbot. 2. Sarah, 

:\Iarch I, 1746-47. married Burrill. 3. 

Martha. July 2^. 1749. 4. Edward, August 
7, 1 75 1. 5. Joseph, January 8, 1753. 6. 
\\'illiam, October 13, 1754. mentioned below. 
7. Bethia, November 15, 1756. 8. Jedediah, 
October 14, 1758. 9. Micajah, February i, 
1761, died young. 10. Micajah, January 24, 

( \' ) \\'illiam, son of Edward Johnson, was 
born in Lynn, October 13, 1754. He married, 
October 4, 1781, Mary Fuller, born in Lynn, 
December 3, 1758, daughter of Nathaniel and 
Hannah (Mansfield) Fuller. He settled in 
Salem, where he died in 1800. He was a sol- 
dier in the revolution, in Captain Enoch Put- 
nam's company. Colonel John Mansfield's 
regiment, during the siege of Boston, and was 
on the list of those entitled to "bounty coats" 
October 27, 1775. (Mass. Rev. Rolls.) Chil- 
dren : Hannah, Lydia, Samuel, mentioned 
below, Nathaniel. 

(Y\) Samuel (2), son of \\'illiam Johnson, 
was born in Salem, March 12, 1792, died 
August 22, 1869, at Brookfield. He married, 
June 30. 1825, Charlotte Abigail, daughter of 
\\'illiam and Abigail (Crosby) Howe, of 
Brookfield. (See Howe VH). The following 
sketch of ]\Ir. Johnson is from the Boston 
.Ulvcrtiscr the day following his death: 

"He was a resident of Boston for sixty 
years. Many of our older citizens will re- 
member him as a partner of Mr. Thomas 
Brewer half a century ago, and subsescjuently 
of the firm of Johnson & Mayo, Johnson & 
Curtis, J. C. Howe & Company. He was dis- 
tinguished by a singular union of shrewd judg- 
ment and methodical habits in business, with 
the energy of an impulsive temperament. His 
career was marked by the success which com- 
monly attends such qualities, when combined 
as in his case with that scrupulous integrity 
which springs from a keen sense of duties as 
of rights. He was a man of rare tuitions. He 
saw the expedient, the right and true, and 
acted upon them while many other men were 
deliberating. Results seldom disproved his 

conclusions. The mercantile history of Bos- 
ton has furnished few if any more worthy 
specimens of the honorable, liberal. Christian 
merchant. Air. Johnson retired from busi- 
ness with an ample fortune twenty-five years 
ago. Since that time he has been largely en- 
gaged in the works of charity. The extent of 
his benevolence can never fully be known. The 
benevolent institutions of Boston — the col- 
leges and seminaries of New England and the 
West ; the large circle of religious organiza- 
tions supported by the Congregational churches 
of the country, all found in him a constant and 
liberal friend. But probabl}' the largest ex- 
penditure in the aggregate was in the personal 
care of a multitude of persons whose wants he 
sought out and relieved — not only dependant 
relatives, but young men beginning in life, 
widows who had seen better days, reformed 
inebriates struggling back to manhood, and 
multitudes of those whom Dickens describes 
as the "quiet poor,' received his unostenta- 
tious and often secret bounty. His last illness 
was long and depressing, and withdrew him 
from his accustomed routine of activity for 
two years. Its chastening influence was very 
obvious in maturing his character and deep- 
ening his interest in the work of charitv which 
had been so large a part of his life. He was 
for fifty years an habitual attendant at the 
services of the Old South Church, Boston, and 
a firm believer in the faith there preached," 
Children: i. Samuel, mentioned below. 2. 
Charlotte A., twin, March 20, 1826, married, 
June 6, 1849. Rev. James Howard ■Means, of 
Boston. 3. George ^^'iIliam. mentioned below. 
4. Alary A., December 8, 1829, married, June 
10, 1858, Professor Austin Phelps, D. D"., of 
Andover Theological Seminary, author of 
"The Still Hour;" graduate of the L^niversity 
of Pennsylvania and of Yale Theological 
Seminary; professor of Sacred Rhetoric at 
Andover. 5. Dr. Amos Howe, mentioned 
below. 6. Rev. Francis H., mentioned below. 
7. Edward Crosby, mentioned below. 

(VH) Samuel (3), son of Samuel (2) 
Johnson, was born in Boston, Alarch 20, 1826, 
died August 13, 1899. He was a prominent 
merchant of Boston. The Boston Evening 
Transcript of Alonday, August 14, 1899, said 
of him: "Samuel Johnson, of the firm of C. 
F. Hovey & Company, died suddenly at his 
home at Nahant, Sunday morning, aged 
seventy-three. While Mr. Johnson was for 
some time unable to be at business, his death 
yesterday came as a great surprise even to his 
most intimate friends. Air. Johnson had just 



returned from a visit to his sister, Mrs. Austin 
Phelps, at Bar Harbor. He met his end peace- 
fully and without pain, due to weakness of the 

Samuel Johnson received his education at 
the Chauncey Hall School, and at the age of 
sixteen entered the store of Messrs. Hovey, 
Williams & Company, dealers in dry goods, in 
Water street, and having admitted John 
Chandler and Richard C. Greenleaf as part- 
ners, established there the retail business which 
still continues. The firm name changed in 
1848 to C. F. Hovey & Company. In 1850 
Mr. Johnson was admitted as a partner with 
Henry Woods and \\'illiam Endicott Jr. This 
connection has been unbroken for half a cen- 
tury. Always giving strictest attention to 
business, he gave twenty years of his time and 
attention to engagements of fiduciary and 
semi-public character. He was one of the trus- 
tees of several of the largest estates in the 
city, and administered these important func- 
tions with conscientious fidelity. He justly con- 
sidered the most successful feat of his life to 
be his financing of the great Payson estate, 
valued at hundreds of thousands of dollars, 
and which seemed doomed to entire dissipation. 
Mr. Johnson, as receiver and trustee, success- 
fully managed its afifairs, bringing order out 
of chaos, paid to the creditors every dollar 
due, and saved to the widow a handsome re- 
mainder. Pie also had charge of numerous 
smaller trusts, and by excellent judgment and 
absolute integrity lifted burdens from many 
who were unable to care for themselves. 
Among the public duties confided to him may 
be named the many years of the chairmanship 
of the standing committee of the Old South 
Church, and subsequently its treasurership for 
twelve years. In the former capacity he con- 
ducted the transference of the old property 
to the new location, under decision of the 
supreme court, which provides that all monies 
accruing from the sale of the Old South 
Church be transferred for the erection of the 
new Old South Church. So devoted was his 
service to his church and society that its mem- 
bers with one accord will surel}' say that to 
no one among their number is the society more 
indebted than to Mr. Johnson for its present 
prominent and creditable position among the 
churches of Boston. He was long a trustee 
of the Massachusetts Hospital Life Insurance 
Company, the Provident Institution of Sav- 
ings, the Boston Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, Mount Auburn Cemetery, and Whea- 
ton Seminary. He was a director of the 

Webster National Bank, member of the cor- 
poration of the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, president of the Massachusetts 
Congregational Charitable Society, and of the 
Boston Dispensary, and vice-president of the 
Home for Aged Women. To all his various 
duties he was faithful, devoting the energies 
of a warm heart and a well balanced mind to 
affairs always important, and often compli- 
cated, with the same attention he would give 
to his private interests. 

Pie married, Alarch 29, 1859, ]\Iary A. Stod- 
dard, who died in 1891, daughter of Deacon 
Charles Stoddard. Mr. Johnson's funeral was 
held in Old South Church, the house of wor- 
ship he loved so well, and a great congregation 
assisted in paying a last tribute to one they 
loved. President William J. Tucker, of Dart- 
mouth College, conducted the services, in the 
absence of the pastor of the church. He was 
buried in Mount Auburn cemetery, in the fam- 
ily lot. All the large dry goods houses of Bos- 
ton were closed during the funeral out of re- 
spect to his memory, and the services were 
attended by representatives from all the many 
societies with which he was connected, as well 
as by hundreds of friends and neighbors. 
Children: i. Wolcott Howe, mentioned 
below. 2. Arthur Stoddard, mentioned below. 

(Vni) Wolcott Howe, son of Samuel (3) 
Johnson, was born April 9, i860. He attended 
"Noble's school, Boston, where he fitted for 
college, and graduated from Williams Col- 
lege in the class of 1883 with the degree of .A.. 

B. After several months spent in travel, he 
started in business, October 29, 1883, working 
up from office boy to partner in the firm of 

C. E. Hovey & Company, having been admit- 
ted a member of the firm on August i, 1899. 
He is a director and one of the managers of 
the Boston Dispensary. He is a member of 
the Old South Congregational Church, and a 
member of the standing committee of the Old 
South Society, and a Republican in politics. 
He holds membership in the University Club 
of New York: University Club of Boston; 
Countrv Club of Brookline; New Boston 
Ricting'Club: Kappa Alpha fraternity, the old- 
est Greek letter society in America. He mar- 
ried Fanny J. Betts, born January 29, 1867, 
daughter of George Frederic and Ellen (Por- 
ter) Betts (see Betts VH). Children: 
Samuel, born December 7, 1896; George F., 
July 9, 1898; Rosamond, May 16, 1900; 
Beatrice, July 5, 1903. 

(Mil) Arthur Stoddard, son of Samuel 
(3) Johnson, was born in Boston, June 4, 



1863. He attended the Noble school on Win- 
ter street, Boston, and fitted for college there. • 
He entered Harvard in 1881, and graduated 
in the class of 1885 with the degree of A. B. 
He traveled extensive!}' during the next two 
years. He has been occupied in the manage- 
ment of his father's estate and other trusts. 
In 1887 he was elected director of the Boston 
Young Men's Christian Association, was after- 
ward treasurer for two years, and since 1897 
has been president. He has served on the 
board of management of the Home for Little 
Wanderers since 1887; as member of the 
board of management of the Home for Aged 
^^'omen ; vice-president of the City Mission- 
ary Society. He is a member of the University 
Club and the Boston Art Club, and trustee of 
the General Theological Library. He is an 
officer of the Old South Congregational 
Church of Boston. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. He married, April 26, 1895, Jennie 
Maria Blake, born April 29, 1869, graduate of 
Radcliffe College, A. B., class of 1891, daugh- 
ter of George F. and Martha Jane Blake. 
(See Blake VII). Her father was a native 
of Farmington, Maine : her mother of Med- 
ford, ^Massachusetts. Children: i. Mary 
Stoddard, born Alarch 3, 1896. 2. Arthur 
Stoddard Jr., May 11, 1899. 3. Alice Blake, 
Fdjruary 23, 1901, died February 27, 1901. 4. 
George Blake, June 18, 1902. 

(VTI) Hon. George William, son of 
Samuel (2) Johnson, was born in Boston, 
December 27, 1827. He was educated in the 
famous old Chauncy Hall school and at the 
Boston Latin school. In his seventeenth year 
he entered the importing and jobbing house 
of Deane & Davis, Boston, and upon attaining 
his majority became a partner in the firm, the 
name becoming Deane, Davis & Company, 
and later Davis, Johnson & Company. In 1850 
this partnership was dissolved, Mr. Johnson 
having accepted a proposition to engage in the 
Mediterranean trade ; and soon afterward he 
sailed for Smyrna and other parts of the 
Levant. Upon his return eight months later 
he found the firm with which he was con- 
nected had become insolvent, and he *^'as 
obliged to change his plans. During the next 
five years he was abroad the greater part of 
the time, partly for pleasure, partlv for busi- 
ness, visiting England, China and South 
America. In April, 1856, he went to Brook- 
field, the home of his maternal ancestors, to 
which he was much attached, for a temporary 
residence : and the following year, after his 
marriage, he decided to make his permanent 

home there. In i860 he decided to study law 
and for that purpose entered the law office of 
J. Evarts Greene, of North Brookfield, late 
the editor of the Worcester Spy, and at the 
time of his death postmaster at Worcester. 
Mr. Johnson completed his studies in the office 
of that distinguished Boston lawyer, Peleg W. 
Chandler, was admitted to the Suffolk bar in 
1863, and immediately opened his office in 
Brookfield. To his law business he added 
that of negotiating loans for eastern capitalists 
on real estate in Chicago. For a time the two 
branches of his business were conducted to- 
gether comfortably, but in course of time his 
frequent absence from home to attend to Chi- 
cago matters interfered with his law practice, 
and in 1868 he closed his Brookfield law office 
and devoted all his attention to financial oper- 
ations. In 1870 he entered the manufacturing 
field, engaging in the manufacturing of shoes 
and boots in Brookfield, in partnership with 
Levi Davis, under the firm name of Johnson 
& Davis. Two years later the firm name was 
changed to Johnson, Davis & Forbes. The 
business was continued until 1878, when the 
factory having been destroyed by fire and the 
shoe trade depressed, the firm was dissolved 
and its affairs wound up. Mr. Johnson re- 
sumed his law practice and the Chicago loan 
business. A few years later he retired from 
professional work, and has since then lived in 
the enjoyment of a well earned ease. In the 
local affairs of Brookfield Mr. Johnson has 
always taken an active part, and was for many 
years prominent in state affairs. He was 
chairman of the board of selectmen of Brook- 
field and of the school committee for a long 
period. He has been one of the trustees of 
the ]\Ierrick Library since its foundation. In 
1868 he was a delegate to the Republican Na- 
tional convention in Chicago and twelve years 
later was an alternate to the convention which 
nominated Garfield. He has served in both 
branches of the state legislature, beginning 
as a senator for the third Worcester district 
in 1870. and was member of the house in 1877 
and 1880. In the senate he was a member of 
the committees on probate and chancery, on 
the librar}', on woman suffrage ; and was 
especially active in opposing the state grant 
to the old Hartford & Erie railroad, later the 
New York & New England, now operated by 
the New York, New Haven & Hartford com- 
pany. In the house during his first term he 
served on the committee on finance, and in his 
second term on finance, and also on rules and 
orders, and as house chairman of the commit- 



tee on fisheries. In 1877, by appointment of 
Governor Rice, he became one of the inspect- 
ors of the state primary school at Monson, 
and under the act of 1879, organizing the 
hoard of state charities, he was appointed a 
trustee of the state primary and reform 
schools, and served several years as chairman 
of the board. In 1887 he was a member of the 
executive council, and was twice re-elected 
( for 1888 and 1889), and served the entire 
length of Governor Ames's term in the govern- 
orship, taking a leading hand in a number of 
important matters. He was on the committee 
on pardons and on the special committee for 
the purchase of land and making plans and 
estimates for the state house extension, since 
carried into efTect. On the latter committee 
his services were especially efficient. Owing 
to the illness of the governor, who was on the 
committee, and the early retirement of the 
third member, the entire work of carrying 
through a number of delicate business trans- 
actions fell upon him : and all interested bore 
testimony to his satisfactory conduct of them. 
Every purchase made without the intervention 
of brokers, thus saving to the state the cost 
of commissions. In 1889 he was a leading 
candidate in the Republican state convention 
for the nomination for lieutenant governor, 
with the endorsement of a strong list of sup- 
porters, and on the first ballot received three 
Inmdred and thirty-seven votes, a good por- 
tion of them coming from Boston delegates, 
but the choice of the convention finally fell 
on another candidate, and in the campaign 
following he gave his successful competitor 
the heartiest support. In December, 1889, he 
was appointed to the state board of lunacy 
and charity, on which he has served faithfully 
for many years, occupying the position of 
chairman since 1892, which he resigned on 
account of sickness. In the presidential elec- 
tion of 1892 he was chosen one of the presi- 
dential electors, and as a member of the elec- 
toral college cast his vote for Benjamin Har- 

Air. Johnson married, February 24, 1857, 
Mary Ellen, daughter of E. C. and Mary 
(Abbott) Stowell. of Chicago, Illinois. Chil- 
dren: I. Clara S., born June 7, i860, edu- 
cated at home, in high school of Brookfield and 
Abbott Academy; married, June 7, 1882, 
Loammi C. Thompson, of Springfield; chil- 
dren : i. Philip S., born September 14, 1883, 
died August following ; ii. Abbot Howe, born 
July 5. 1885, attended Massachusetts Institute 
of Technologv, and is now connected with F. 

B. Holmes's shoe factory in Chelsea ; iii. 
George William, born December 6, 1886, died 
January 21, 1906. 2. Mary, born October 22, 
1862, died August i, 1864. 3. George H., 
born September 15, 1864, see forward. 4. 
Alice R., born Alarch 9, 1867, attended Brook- 
field high school, Mrs. Quincy Shaw's school, 
Boston, and Smith College, from which she 
was graduated with the class of 1899; studied 
in Berlin, Germany ; married, September 30, 
1897, William A. Clark, of Northampton, 
iMassachusetts : children : i. Alan R., born Feb- 
ruary 16, 1900; ii. Alarion, March 25, 1903. 
5. Ethel, born March 14, 1869, educatecl at 
home and attended Brookfield high school two 
years ; Mrs. Quincy Shaw's school, Boston, 
three years ; went abroad and studied lan- 
guages in Berlin. 6. Harold A., born Septem- 
ber 15, 1873, see forward. 7. Marion P., born 
.August 26, T875, attended Brookfield high 
school and Miss Capen's school at North- 
ampton for two years ; entered Smith College, 
leaving it in his senior year on account of ill 
health, and spent the winter months in Florida 
and Colorado ; died at Brookfield, June 22, 

(VHl) George H., son of Hon. George 
\\''illiam Johnson, was born in Brookfield, 
September 15, 1864, died of typhoid fever in 
Columbia, ^Mississippi, December 6, 1903. He 
attended the public and high schools of his 
native town, and Phillips Academy at An- 
dover for three years He then entered the 
employ of his uncle, John Roper, of Chicago, 
wholesale dealer in groceries After about 
three years he engaged in the lumber business 
in Arkansas. He remained there and in Louis- 
iana several years, going to McHenry, Mis- 
sissippi, as general manager for the Fullerton 
Brothers, remaining about four years, then one 
year in Columbia, Mississippi, where he died. 
In these several places he was general man- 
ager of the saw mills connected with the lum- 
ber business of the Chicago Lumber and Coal 
Company. He married Mrs. Eliza Amsden 
Fletcher' widow of William Fletcher, daugh- 
ter of Francis and Elizabeth Cotton Amsden, 
of Mansfield, Louisiana. She had three chil- 
dren by her first and three daughters by her 
second marriage, namely: I. Mary Ellen, 
born April 14, 1899. 2. Clara S., August 17, 
1900. 3. Ethel, November 8, 1902. 

(Mil ) Dr. Harold A., son of Hon. George 
William Johnson, was born in Brookfield, 
Massachusetts, September 15, 1873. He at- 
tended the public and high schools of that 
town, fitted for college in Phillips Exeter 



Academy, and entered \\'i!Iiams College, from 
which he graduated in the class of 1895 with 
the degree of A. B. He then took up the study 
of medicine in Harvard Medical School, and 
was graduated in 1899 with the degree of M. 
D. He volunteered during the Spanish- 
American war and was made assistant sur- 
geon of the United States navy. He has made 
a specialty of surgery and was surgical house 
officer at Massachusetts General Hospital. He 
was resident surgeon at the Lakeside Hospital, 
Cleveland, Ohio, one year, and then took up 
the practice of his profession in San Francisco, 
California, removing after two years to Lynn, 
where he has his office at 70 Broad street. He 
is a successful practitioner. He married Cora 
V. Meyerstein. They have one child, Harold 
Stowell, born January 21, 1905. 

evil) Dr. Amos Howe, son of Samuel (2) 
Johnson, was born August 4, 1831. He re- 
ceived his education at the Chauncy Hall 
school, in Boston, and at Phillips Academy at 
Andover from 1847 to 1849. He graduated 
at Harvard College in 1853, and from the An- 
dover Theological Seminary in 1856. He was 
five years pastor of the Congregational church 
at Middleton, Massachusetts, and then studied 
medicine at the Harvard ]\Iedical School from 
1862 to 1865. He settled in Salem as a medical 
practitioner, and studied at Berlin and Vienna 
in 1869-70. He was secretary many years and 
president two years of the Essex South District 
Medical Society. He has written many medical 
papers for the learned societies, and was 
orator of the Massachusetts Medical Society 
for its anniversary in June, 1883, and was 
president of the society for two years. He 
served two years in the general court, and 
three years on the Salem school board. He 
was secretary of the Essex Institute, deacon 
of the Congregational church, and former 
president of the Essex Congregational Club. 
He was vice-president of the Harvard Alumni 
Association in 1892-93. He married, Septem- 
ber 22. 1859. Frances Seymour, daughter of 
Nathan, of Williamstown, and Mary A. 
(Wheeler) Benjamin, of New York, mission- 
aries to Athens, Greece and Constantinople. 
Children: i. Samuel, born July 16, i860, see 
forward. 2. Meta Benjamin, May 7, 1862, 
married Francis H. Rergen. of Staten Island. 
Xew York. 3. Amy H., July 23, 1865. 4. 
Captain Charles A., July 13, 1868, resides in 
Denver; member of National Guard: real 
estate and rental broker. 5. Philip S., Febru- 
ary 26, 1872, see forward. 6. Ralph S., May 
16, 1878, died September 1898, in Spanish- 

-American war ; enlisted in Denver City Troop, 
which later became Troop B, Second United 
States Volunteer Cavalry, and attached to 
"Torrey's Rough Riders." 

(VIII) Samuel, eldest child of Dr. Amos 
Howe Johnson, was born July 16, i860. He 
was a student in the Salem grammar and high 
schools, and took a three years' course at Will- 
iams College. He entered the employ of C. 
F. Hovey & Company, in the capacity of clerk, 
and in 1899 became a member of the firm. 
He married Josephine, daughter of Edward 
W. Forbush (see Forbush VII). 

(\TII) Philip Seymour, son of Dr. Amos 
Howe Johnson, was born February 26, 1872. 
He graduated from the Salem high school 
with the class of 1890, entered Harvard Col- 
lege with the class of 1894, leaving in 1895 to 
go into business with the Francis A. Foster 
Company, with whom he remained nine years 
as traveling and local salesman, and was with 
the same company in Chicago for a year and 
a half, afterward with C. W. Wliittier & 
Brother, Boston, and now (1908) with Sar- 
gent & Fairfield. He is a Republican in poli- 
tics. He married, February 19, 1905, Edith, 
daughter of George E. Atherton, of Brook- 

{ VII ) Rev. FrJncis Howe, clergyman and 
author, son of Samuel (2) Johnson, was 
born in Boston, January 15, 1835. He 
was graduated from Phillips Andover Acad- 
emy in 1852, from Harvard in 1856, and 
from Andover Theological Seminary in i860. 
.After a somewhat brief pastorate in Hamilton, 
Massachusetts, he spent a year abroad, travel- 
ing in Europe and the East; and in 1867 went 
to live at Andover, which he made his home. 
From that time on he devoted himself to the 
interests of country life, interspersed with 
study, and occasional preaching and writing, 
mainly on philosophical subjects. In 1882-83 
he contributed to Bibliothcca Sacra a series 
of articles entitled "Positivism as a Working 
System," and from 1883 to 1891 he was on the 
editorial stati of the Andoz'cr Rcviczv, to which 
he contributed eighteen articles. In 1891 he 
published a volume (Houghton & Mifflin, pp. 
510) entitled "What is Reality — An Inquiry 
as to the Reasonableness of Natural Religion, 
and the Naturalness of Revealed Religion." 
Since 1880 his summer home has been Bar 
Harbor, Maine, and during the last ten years 
he has spent many of his winters in Rome. 
He married, June 6, 1867, Mary A. Dove, 
daughter of John and Helen (McLaggan) 
Dove, of Andover. He has two sons : 



Grahame Dove Johnson, and Reginald Mans- 
field Johnson. His second marriage was Oc- 
tober 24, 1894, to Mary Beach, daughter of 
Hunn Carrington and Mary C. de Koven 
Beach, of Xew York. 

(VHI) Grahame Dove, eldest son of Rev. 
Francis Howe Johnson, was born in Leaming- 
ton, England, October 8, 1870. He was gradu- 
ated from Phillips Andover Academy in 1888; 
was with the 1892 class of Harvard till the 
senior year, when he entered the Harvard 
Medical School, from which he graduated with 
the degree of ]\I. D. After practicing a short 
time in New York, he went with his wife to 
Europe, where he spent some five years, study- 
ing some of that time in Berlin and Vienna. 
In 1907 he returned and established himself in 
Andover, JMassachusetts, where he became 
much interested in farming. He married, June 
28, 1894. Julia Keim, daughter of Murray (M. 
D. ) and Mary (Keim) W'eidman, of Reading, 

(\TH) Reginald Mansfield, son of Rev. 
Francis Howe Johnson, was born February 5, 
1876, in Andover, Massachusetts. He gradu- 
ated at Phillips Andover Academy in 1894; 
from Harvard College, 1898, A. B., and Har- 
vard Law School, LL. B. in 1891. He spent 
one year after graduation in the law office of 
Messrs. Ropes, Gray & Gorham, Boston, and 
there, October. 1902, formed a partnership 
with Theodore Hogue (Hogue & Johnson), 60 
State street, Boston. This continued till July 
I, 1908, when he took an office, in the same 
building, on his own account. He married, 
July 2, 1902, Julia Pierrepont, daughter of J. 
Pierrepont and Antoinette Livingston ( Water- 
bury) Edwards, of New York. His children 
are: Helen Pierrepont, born April 13, 1903; 
Elsie Livingston. October 23, 1904; Reginald 
Francis, April 5, 1907. Since his marriage his 
residence has been Milton, Massachusetts. 

(VH) Edward Crosby, son of Samuel (2) 
Johnson, was born November i, 1839. He 
attended the Boston Latin school, graduating 
in 1856. and from Harvard College in i860 
with the degree of A. B. He entered the store 
of C. F. Hovey & Company as clerk in Sep- 
tember, i860, and about 1869 was admitted 
to the firm, of which he has been a member 
since. He enlisted in the civil war as first 
lieutenant in Company H, Forty-fourth Mas- 
sachusetts \'olunteer Militia, in August, 1862, 
served full time with his regiment, and was 
promoted to the rank of adjutant in May, 
1863. For fifteen years he was trustee of the 
Snftolk Savings Bank, resigning in 1905. He 

is director of the Home for Aged Men. and 
the Home for Intemperate Women. For a 
number of years he has been treasurer of the 
Old South Society, of which he is a zealous 
member. He married, October 14, 1864, Alice 
T. Robbins, born April 29, 1842, died Febru- 
ary 3, 1891. daughter of Rev. Chandler, D. D., 
and Mary Eliza ( Frothingham ) Robbins. 
Children: i. Charlotte Howe, married Gov- 
ernor Curtis Guild Jr. 2. Alice Cornelia, 
married John Lavalle. two children: John; 
Alice, died aged one year ten months. 3. 
Mary Frothingham, married \'ittorio Or- 
landini, child, Edward, born .A.ugust, 1907. 

Thomas Faxon, immigrant ances- 
FAXON tor. was born in England about 

1 60 1. He came to New England 
with his wife Jeane and three children, before 
1647. His name first appears at Dedham. when 
his daughter Joanna was married to Anthony 
Fisher Jr., September 7, 1647. He settled at 
Braintree, Massachusetts, and was a prominent 
citizen there. He was selectman in 1670-72 
and deputy to the general court from Brain- 
tree in 166^. He married (second) September 
5, 1670. Sarah Savill, widow of William Savill, 
of Braintree. He died November 23, 1680. 
Children: I. Joanna, born about 1626 in Eng- 
land, married. September 7, 1647, Anthony 
Fisher Jr. 2. Thomas, born about 1628-29 '" 
England, married. April 11, 1653, Deborah 
Thayer, daughter of Richard Thayer. 3. Rich- 
ard, mentioned below. 

(II) Richard, son of Thomas Faxon, was 
born in England about 1630. He catne with 
his parents to Xew England and married Eliza- 
beth . He died December 20, 1674. 

Children: I. Elizabeth, born March 26, 1655, 
died April 3, 1673. 2. Mary, September 7, 
1656, died September 14, 1657. 3. Mary, 
December 19, 1657. 4. Sarah, March 13, 1659. 
5. Josiah, September 8, 1660. 6. Thomas, 
August 2, 1662, mentioned below. 7. Lydia, 
September i, 1663, died 1663. 8. Hannah, 
September I, 1663 (twin). 9. Ebenezer, De- 
cember 15, 1664, died March 27, 1665. 10. 
Richard, June 21, 1666. 11. John, April, 1667, 
died April 12, 1668. 12. Joseph, August 26, 
1669. 13. Abigail, September 18, 1670. 

( III ) Sergeant Thomas (2), son of Richard 
Faxon, was born in Braintree. August 2, 1662, 
died in 1690, and was buried at Weymouth. 
He was a farmer and inherited part of the 
estate of his grandfather. He was a member 
of the Phipps experlition to Canada, and was 
a victim of small pox, which broke out before 



tlie expedition sailed. His will was dated 
August 4, 1690, and bequeaths to his two minor 
children all his property ; but if they die before 
they come of age, he bequeaths "to my Honored 
blether Elizabeth Hubbard" and to "my hon- 
ored mother Basse — Mrs. Susanna Basse ;" to 
sisters Mary, Abigail and Hannah Faxon : to 
"Benjamin Hubbard, my loving brother" and 
to others. He married Mary Blanchard, born 
December i, 1662, daughter of Nathaniel and 
Susanna (Bates) Blanchard. She must have 
died before 1690, as she is not mentioned in 
the will. Children, born in Braintree : I. 
Richard, September 4, 1686, mentioned below. 
2. Alary, 1689, married, Alay 7, 1707, Joseph 

(IV) Richard (2), son of Sergeant Thomas 
(2) Faxon, was born in Braintree, September 
4, 1686, died Alay 5, 1768. He was chosen 
town clerk of Braintree Alarch 7, 1736, and 
held the office seventeen years. He was cap- 
tain in the militia, town treasurer, justice of 
the peace. He and his wife were members of 
of the Middle Precinct Church, and he was 
called "Gentleman" in the records. He and 
his wife are buried in the graveyard near the 
church. He married, December 29, 1709, Anna 
Brackett, born July 18, 1687, died October 16, 
1769, daughter of James and Sarah Brackett. 
Children, born in Braintree: i. Thomas, Octo- 
ber 29, 1710, married (first) September 22, 
1746, Elizabeth Hobart : (second) September 
14, 1753, Mrs. Anna (Porter) Clark; (third) 
December 26, 1756, Phebe Hayden. 2. Mary, 
March 8, 1712, married, April 3, 1735, 
Nathaniel Thayer. 3. Abigail, July 26, 171 5, 
married, February 20, 1746, Caleb Thayer. 4. 
Richard, November 2, 1718. 5. James, Novem- 
ber 7, 1720. mentioned below. 6. Sarah, April 
12, 1724, died unmarried November 2, 1748. 
7. Anna, June 3, 1726, died unmarried Novem- 
ber 2, 1748. 8. Azariah, March 23, 1731, mar- 
ried, November i, 1753, Dorcas Penniman. 

(V) James, son of Richard (2) Faxon, was 
born in Braintree, November 7, 1720, died 
June 21, 1797. He was a captain in the militia, 
a man of influence, high social position, and 
independent character. He was refused admis- 
sion to the Middle Precinct Church at a time 
when there was trouble in the parish, on 
account of some difference with a neighbor. 
The following sentiment on his gravestone 
expresses his feelings regarding the slight : 

"Blest in the promised Seed, supremely blest, 
His ransomed soul hath entered into rest; 
Now insolence of pride, and priestly spite, 
Shall strive in vain to rob him of his right." 

He married (first) March 15, 1744, Relief 
Thayer, born Alarch 11, 1723, died 1774, 
daughter of Nathaniel and Relief (Hyde) 
Thayer. He married (second) August 19, 
1775, Mary Denton, widow, who died April 3, 

1805, aged seventy-three. She was a school 
teacher and taught school in Braintree after 
her marriage, in 1765-72-75-77. Children, born 
in Braintree; i. James, October 6, 1744, men- 
tioned below. 2. Richard, November 10, 1746, 
married, September 3, 1771, Susanna Spear. 
3. Nathaniel, February, 1750, married, Decem- 
ber 31, 1770, Mary Vose. 4. Relief, January, 
1752, married, July 9, 1784, Caleb French. 5. 
Eleb, January 9, 1756, married, November 28, 
1782, Ruth Ann Hathaway. 6. Caleb, October 

6, 1758, married, January 14, 1794, Lydia 
Hathaway. 7. Mary, August 29, 1760, died 
unmarried 1827. 8. Elizabeth, July 26, 1763, 
married, February 3, 1791, Caleb Hobart. 9. 
Eunice, June 19, 1765, married, March 25, 
1792, James Gridley. 

(VI) James (2), son of James (i) Faxon, 
was born in Braintree, October 6, 1744, died 
October 5, 1829. He was in the revolution in 
Captain Aloses French's company, Colonel Pal- 
mer's regiment, in 1776, and in the company 
of Hon. Thomas Cushing for the defense of 
the Castle and Governor's islands from July 
26, 1783, to January 24, 1784, and probably 
saw other service. He was a shoemaker by 
trade. He married (intentions dated May 20, 
1775) Mary Field, born 1754, died May 6, 
1839, daughter of Joseph and Abigail (New- 
comb) Field. Children, born in Braintree : i. 
Nathaniel, February 17, 1777, mentioned below. 
2. Joseph, January 21, 1779, married, April 9, 

1806, Hepsy Adams. 3. Job, September 5, 
1780, married, October 25, 1812, Judith B. 
Hardwick. 4. Charles, March i, 1783, married, 
1805, Rhoda Morrill. 5. William, February 
22, 1784, married, February 18, 181 1, Martha 
Adams. 6. Mary, March 27, 1787, unmarried. 

7. James, 1788, died October 14, 1807, by 
falling from a tree. 8. John, January 17, 1791, 
married, April 13, 1822, Lucy Hardwick. 9. 
George, September 15, 1796, married, June 
5, 1820, Abigail Baxter. 

(VII) Nathaniel, son of James (2) Faxon, 
was born in Braintree, February 17, 1777, died 
August 17, 1861. He went to Boston in 1800 
and engaged in the boot and shoe trade which 
he continued until 1836, and then resigned to 
his eldest son. The sign of the "big boot" 
was a prominent object over the door of his 
store at the corner of Merchant's Row and 
Market Square, and afterwards at 53 North 



Market street. He acquired wealth but was 
always moilest and unassuming, esteemed for 
his high character and blameless life. He mar- 
ried, October 15, 1801, Eunice Bass, baptized 
November 3. 1782, died January 26, 1855, 
daughter of Seth and Mary (Jones) Bass, of 
Ouincy. Children: i. George N., born No- 
vember 8, 1803, married, October 18, 1855, 
Cornelia T. Cutter. 2. Francis E., October 5, 
1807, married, December 20. 1837, Lois M. 
Knox. 3. Eunice Maria. February n, 1810, 
mentioned below. 4. James O., August 3, 
1812, married, October 17, 1837, Harriet Fair- 

(Vni) Eunice Maria, daughter of Nathaniel 
Faxon, was born February 11, 1810, in Boston. 
.She married (first) October 5, 1827, Dr. Will- 
iam Grigg, born A'lay 30, 1805, died 1836, son 
of John and Maria (Pell) Grigg. She mar- 
ried (second) May 31, 1838, William A. Weeks, 
born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, January 
30, 1812, died June 20, 1854, son of William 
and Abigail (Hubbard) Weeks. She married 
(third) June 25, 1856, James H. \A''eeks, born 
in Portsmouth, May 5, 1810, brother of her 
second husband. Children, born in Boston : 
I. ]\Iary Pell Grigg, born May 31, 1834, adopted 
by her grandfather, Nathaniel Faxon, and her 
name changed to Mary Josephine Faxon ; mar- 
ried Edward W. Forbush. (See Forbush and 
Johnson). 2. Eunice Maria Weeks, born July 
28, 1839, married Horace H. Coolidge ; chil- 
dren : \\'illiam W. Coolidge, married 

Mills: Lulie, married Alfred Flurd : two chil- 
dren : Marjorie, graduate of Radcliffe College, 
and John, now at Harvard College ; Alice, 
unmarried : Charles H., deceased. 

(The Forbush Line). 

Daniel Forbush, immigrant ancestor, is be- 
lieved to have come from Kinellar, Scotland, 
the son of Daniel Forbush, who died there in 
1624. He was born about 1620 and was prob- 
ably one of the Scotch soldiers defeated by 
Cromwell at the battle of Dunbar, and sent by 
him to the American colonies, where he escaped 
with his brother William to Maine. The first 
record of Daniel Forbush (Forbes or Farra- 
bus) in this country is found in Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, when he married, March 26, 
1660. Rebecca Perriman, who is supposed to 
have been a sister of Thomas Perriman, of 
Weymouth, an apprentice in 1652 of Mrs. 
Dorothy Hunt, and of Frances Perriman, who 
married, June 8, 1654, Isaac Andrew, of Cam- 
bridge. On February 27, 1664, and March 17, 
1665, Daniel Forbush was granted land at 

Cambridge which he sold March 19, 167 1, and 
removed to Marlborough. His name is spelled 
"Earrabus" in the deed. He could not write 
and probably could not spell better than many 
of his neighbors. The early records give a 
multitude of variations in the spelling of the 
name, which in later generations has been 
spelled generally Forbush or Forbes. 

Daniel Forbush settled in ^larlborough not 
far from 1681. His wife died May 3, 1677, 
and he married (second) May 23, 1679, Deb- 
orah Rediat, of Concord, daughter of John 
and Ann Rediat, of Sudbury. He died Octo- 
ber, 1687, ^t Marlborough, and his widow mar- 
ried (second) May 22, 1688, Alexander 
Stewart. Children of first wife, born at Cam- 
bridge : I. Daniel, March 20, 1664, married 
Dorothy Pray. 2. Thomas, March 6, 1667, 
mentioned below. 3. Elizabeth, Alarch 16, 
1669. 4. Rebecca, Concord, February 15, 
1672. married Joseph Byles; died January 28, 
1768. 5. Samuel, 1674. Children of second 
wife: 6. John, 1681, married Martha Bowker. 
7. Isaac, October 30, 1682. 8. Jonathan, March 
12, 1684, married Hannah Holloway ; died 
March 24, 1768. 

(II) Deacon Thomas, son of Daniel For- 
bush, was born in Cambridge, March 6, 1667, 
died in May, 1738. He removed to Marl- 
borough and resided probably in that part of 
the town which was later set off as West- 
borough. He was one of the founders of the 
Westborough church, chosen deacon October 
28, 1724, and signed the covenant next after 
Ebenezer Parkman, the minister. His wife 
was dismissed from the Marlborough to the 
Westborough church, July 25, 1725. His will 
was dated July 17, 1733, and allowed May 11, 
1738. He was elected one of the first selectman 
of Westborough in 1718, was moderator of 
the town meeting; in 1721 was town treasurer; 
in 1729 was one of the trustees to receive 
paper money for the colony and to loan it to 
the citizens. He married Dorcas Rice, born 
January 29, 1664, died March 24, 1753, daugh- 
ter of Edward and Anna Rice, and grand- 
daughter of Edmund Rice, the immigrant. 
Children: I. Aaron, born April 3, 1693, mar- 
ried Susanna Morse. 2. Thomas, October 14, 
1695, mentioned below. 3. Tabitha, April 6, 
1699. married, February 2, 1727, Samuel 
Hardy. 4. Rebecca, February 25, 1701, mar- 
ried, lanuary 29, 1720, Simeon Howard. 5. 
Eunice, February 13, 1705, married, August 
22, 1727, Cornelius Cook. 

dll) Deacon Thomas (2), son of Deacon 
Thomas (i) Forbush, was born in Marl- 



borough, October 14. 1695, and resided in 
Westborough. He died intestate before 1783, 
when the heirs agreed to a division of the 
estate. He was a leading man of the town, 
selectman many years, and town clerk several 
years. He was admitted to the church De- 
cember II, 1726, and his wife December 21, 
1727. He married, January 6, 1719, Hannah 
Bellows. Children: i. Samuel, born October 

30. 1719, married Margaret . 2. David, 

June 20, 1720, died young. 3. David, October 
20. 1 721, mentioned below. 4. James. 5. 
Hannah, August 4, 1723, married, June 19, 
1746, Jonas W'arren. 6. Thomas, April 23, 
1725, died December 5, 1726. 7. Dorcas, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1727, married, December 18, 1749, 
Oliver Whitney. 8. Thomas, March 27, 1729, 
died February 22, 1731. 9. Ebenezer, April 
27, 1 73 1, married Lucy Bowker. 10. Hepzibah, 
June 5. 1733, died July 15. 1734. 11. Eliza- 
beth, June 4, 1735, died August i, 1736. 12. 
John. May 2, 1737, died November 24, 1743. 
13. Abigail, July 27, 1739, died October 2, 1740. 
(IV) David, son of Deacon Thomas (2) 
Forbush, was born October 20. 1721, died in 
September. 1787. He was brought up on his 
father's farm in Westborough, and soon after 
his marriage settled in Grafton where he 
bought the Ebenezer Flagg house on George 
Hill. In 1784 he erected a new house. During 
the revolution he was a member of the com- 
mittee of safety. He was in the train band in 
1757, and April 19, 1775, was in Captain 
Aaron Kimball's company. Colonel Artemas 
Ward's regiment, which marched to Lexington 
on the alarm. His will was proved March 4, 
1788. He married in Westborough, May 4, 
1749, Anna Whitney, baptized March 29, 1730, 
died January 4. 1785, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Mary Whitney, and sister of Eli Whitney, 
the inventor of the cotton-gin. Children: i. 
Annah, born July 7, 1750, married, October 28, 
1779- John Warren. 2. John. Upton, Decem- 
ber 20, 1751. died September 7, 1757. 3. David, 
April 18, 1754, married Deliverance Goodell. 
4. Jacob, February 20. 1756. died March 3, 
1756. 5. Abigail, May 2, 1757, married Leon- 
ard r.righam. 6. Lois, September 27, 1759, 
married Wright. 7. Jonathan. Febru- 
ary 22, 1762. married Betsey Hayden. 8. 
Jemima, May 21, 1764, married. May 5, 1791, 
Sylvanus Morse. 9. Silas, May 19, 1766, men- 
tioned below. 10. Joel, July 29, 1768, died 
September 20, 1776, 11. Ruth. November 15, 
1770, died young. 12. Beulah, married, April 
25, 1799, Silas Hardy. 13. Mary, born Sep- 
tember 2, 1776, married Daniel Leland. 

(\') Silas, son of David Forbush, was born 
in LTpton. j\Iay 19, 1766, died July 5, 1840. 
He resided on George Hill, Grafton. In 1804- 
05 he was a member of Captain Joseph Merri- 
man's company of foot of the second regi- 
ment. He married. May 14, 1788, Rhoda Fisk, 
born 1767, died September 26, 1825, daughter 
of William and Jemima (Adams) Fisk. Chil- 
dren: I. Prudence, born October 26, 1789, 
died unmarried April 13, 1865. 2. Joel, Octo- 
ber 29, 1791, married Ruth Fames. 3. Rhoda, 
October 20, 1793, married. May 31, 1819, Jud- 
son Southland. 4. Silas, November 17, 1795, 
married Clarissa Fames. 5. Nancy, Novem- 
ber 15. 1798, married, February 3, 1824, 
Nathaniel Smith. 6. Jonathan, March 10, 
1802, mentioned below. 7. Calvin W., Sep- 
tember 8, 1805, married Elizabeth Fisk. 8. 
Mary Ann, July 8, 1810, married, September 
21. 1832, Leland Bacheller. 

(\T) Jonathan, son of Silas Forbush, was 
born in Grafton, March 10, 1802, died July 
1 1, 1882. He was brought up on the farm and 
attended the district school. Before the age 
of twenty he went south and was for some 
years engaged in business at Charleston, South 
Carolina. In 1828 he was engaged in the shoe 
and leather trade in Boston at 12 North Market 
street. He remained in Boston in this business 
for more than twenty years, being located in 
turn at I Vernon street, 2 Blackstone street, 
and residing at 23 Bowdoin street. He was 
one of the original directors and managers of 
the Shoe and Leather Dealers' Bank which 
was formed in 1836. He was an active mem- 
ber of the Bowdoin Street Congregational 
Church. In 1848 he purchased a large estate 
at Bolton from S. V. S. Wilder, and carried 
on this estate the remainder of his life. He 
was a man honored in the community for his 
high principles and strict integrity. He mar- 
ried (first) September 7, 1829, Louisa Wood, 
who died May 11, 1837. He married (second) 
June 13, 1855, Carrie Waters, born January 
17, 1826, died August 7, 1886. Children: i. 
Theodore Henrv, born October 15, 1831, died 
October 5, 1886. 2. Edward W., October 6, 
1833, mentioned below. 3. Walter J., June 8, 
1856, died June 16, i860. 4. Caroline Louise, 
October 31, i860. 5. Harriet W., June 10, 

(VIL) Edward W., son of Jonathan For- 
bush, was born October 6, 1833, died Decem- 
ber 18, 1880. He resided in Boston. He 
graduated at Harvard in 1854 and subsequently 
engaged in business until 1872. He was some- 
what of a journalist, and his contributions to 



several newspapers were scholarly productions. 
He married, November 8, 1858, Mary Jose- 
phine Faxon, (See Faxon VHI). Children: 
I. Ada, born August 28, 1859. -■ Josephine, 
March 3, 1864, married Samuel Johnson (see 
Johnson VHT). 3. Katherine, November 23, 
1865, died November 2, 1866. 4. Maria, Octo- 
ber 7, 1867. 

Samuel Stowell, immigrant 
STOWELL ancestor, was born in Eng- 
land about 1620. He was 
mentioned in the famous Hobart Diary as liv- 
ing in Hingham, Massachusetts, as early as 
1649, and was then a proprietor of that town. 
He married', October 25, 1649, at Hingham, 
Mary Farrow, daughter of John and Frances 
Farrow. He died November 9, 1683, ^"^1 she 
married (second) October 10, 1689, Joshua 
Beal. Samuel Stowell's will was dated Octo- 
ber 27, 1683, and proved June 30, 1684. The 
inventory showed property valued at one hun- 
dred and eighty-five pounds. His home was 
on Fort Hill street. Children: i. Mary, born 
October 16, 1653, married. February 25, 1682- 
83, John Garnet. 2. Samuel, July 8, 1655, 
resided at Hingham. 3. John, J\larch 15, 1657- 
58, resided in Hingham. 4. David, April 8, 
1660, mentioned below. 5. Remember, April 
22, 1662, married, March 16, 1687-88, Thomas 
Remington. 6. Child, September 5, 1664, died 
September 21 following. 7. William, Janu- 
ary 23, 1665-66. 8. Israel, April 27, 1668, died 
November 15, 1669. 9. Israel, August 10, 
1670. settled in Newton: died 1725: weaver. 
10. Elizabeth, June 7. 1673, married, December 
14, 1699, George Lane. 11. Benjamin, June 
3 or 8, 1676, resided in Hingham. 

( II ) David, son of Samuel Stowell, was 
born in Hingham, April 8, 1660. He married 

there December 4, 1684, , and removed 

to Cambridge. He married (second) at Cam- 
bridge, April 7, 1695, ]\Iary Stedman, who 
died September 27, 1724. He afterwards set- 
tled in Newton, where he was known as "Old 
Stowell." and where he died. Children: I. 
David, married (iirst) Elizabeth ; (sec- 
ond) Patience ; died at Newton, Octo- 
ber I or 21, 1724. 2. Benjamin, died at New- 
ton, November 29, 1729, unmarried. 3. Samuel, 
clothier: resided at Watertown ; died 1748. 4. 
Ruth, married r)sborne. 5. John, men- 
tioned below. 6. Mary, married King. 

(III ) John, son of David Stowell, was born 
]:irobably in Watertown, where his father lived, 
about 1690. He married, November i, 1722, 
Sarah Ford, of Weymouth. He settled at 

Watertown and was a constable there in 1737. 
He lived at Newton earlier and bought land on 
the Boston road at Newton of Obadiah 
Coolidge, March 5, 1718-19, removing to 
\Vatertown after 1723. Apparently he hesi- 
tated between Sturbridge and Worchester, 
about 1740. John Stowell, of Watertown, sold 
land at Sturbridge, December 2, 1742, to .'\mos 
Shumway ; also to John Rion (Ryan) of Stur- 
bridge, October 26, 1742. In 1744 he was of 
Worcester and sold more land at Sturbridge 
to his son-in-law, David Curtis, of Sturbridge, 
November 26. 1744. He bought his first land in 
\N'orcester in 1743 of Abisha Rice, who inherit- 
ed it from Thomas Rice. He mortgaged land 
to Elizabeth Dudley, widow of William Dud- 
ley, January 28, 1746, part of his Worcester 
property. He mortgaged land to John Chand- 
ler, April 13, 1754, at Worcester. Another 
deed or mortgage to John Chandler is dated at 
Worcester, July 23, 1757. The homestead at 
^\'orcester was deeded to his son Benjamin, 
who contracted to support and care for his 
father the remainder of his life for the prop- 
erty, July 18, 1759. John Stowell and Thomas 
Rice joined in a deed of ninety acres of land 
which they bought of John Barber, November 
28, 1752. The land was in Worcester and was 
sold to Francis Cutting, of Shrewsbury. John 
Stowell was of Worcester when he died in 
1762 and his eldest son, John, of Petersham, 
was administrator of the estate. The inventory 
was made by Nathaniel Moore, Cornelius 
Stowell and Nathan Perry, December 3, 1762. 
As he had given away most of his property, 
the estate was small. Children, born at Water- 
town, except the eldest: i. Sarah, born at 
Newton, August 14, 1723, married, at Stur- 
bridge, 1744. David Curtis. 2. John (not given 
by 13ond), 1726, settled in Petersham: mar- 
ried Sarah . 3. James, born and died at 

Watertown, July. 1728. 4. Benjamin, May 4, 
1730, married, at Worcester, October 23, 1755, 
Elizabeth Parker. 5. Hezekiah, December 25, 
1732, mentioned below. 6. Jerusha, February 
I, 1734-35. /• Jemima, baptized March 6, 
1736-37. 8. David, baptized .April 6, 1740. 

{W ) Hezekiah, son of John Stowell, was 
born at Watertown, December 25, 1732. He 
married Persis Rice. Children: I. Levi, born 
at Worcester, January 8, 1759. 2. Elijah, 
Petersham, February 2, 1764. 3. Persis, 
Petersham, April 2, 1766. 4. Luther (perhaps 
at Brookfield). mentioned below. 

(V) Luther, son of Hezekiah Stowell, was 
living in ^^'oodstock. Connecticut, at the time 
of his marriage. A branch of the Stowell 



family lived for several generations at Pom- 
fret, but Luther probably lived near the Stur- 
bridge line. He bought of Joseph Hyde, Jan- 
uary 12, 1 80 1, a farm located partly in Stur- 
bridge, partly in the adjoining town of Brook- 
field. He was called of Brookfield, April 3, 
1809, when he bought land of Amos Rice, of 
Brookfield, and Alay 9, 1809, when he bought 
of Daniel Hathaway, of Sutton, (mortgage) 
land on the west side of South pond. Luther 
Stowell deeded his farm to his son Luther Jr. 
in 1823 and 1839. He built the house on the 
homestead which is still owned by the family 
and the house kept in good repair. He was a 
farmer, and a leading citizen of the town. He 
died in 1854. His will was dated May 28, and 
allowed June 6, 1854. He married, March 12, 
1796, Lucy Richardson, at Sturbridge. Chil- 
dren: I. O'Shea, born at Sturbridge, Febru- 
ary 19, 1797. 2. Luther Jr., born December 
22, 1798, at Sturbridge, died at Brookfield, 
August 5, 1865; a prosperous farmer; repre- 
sentative to the general court in 1840 and i860 
and selectman of the town; married, May 11, 
1827, Sophia Barret, of Brookfield; he left no 
children and his large estate went to his 
brothers and sisters. 3. Ephraim Childs, born 
June 17, 1802, mentioned below. 4. Edward 
T., born in Brookfield. 5. Lucy A., born in 
Brookfield, married John Jennings. 6. Harriet 
N., born in Brookfield. married William ]\Iason. 
(VI ) Ephraim Childs, son of Luther Stowell, 
was born on the homestead at Brookfield, June 
17. 1802. He was educated there in the public 
schools, and followed farming during his youth 
and early manhood. He removed to Chicago 
in 1839, and was one of the pioneers in that 
city. He bought a tract of land a few years 
later in what was then considered as the south- 
ern limit of the town, located on a canal con- 
necting with the Chicago river and upon this 
stream he built a saw mill and conducted an 
extensive lumber business. He bought real 
estate in other sections of the city and the 
increase in its value as the city grew made him 
wealthy. His business was prosperous also, 
and he continued until 1854, when failing 
health compelled his retirement. He then 
returned to Brookfield where he died March i, 
1855. ITe was a very active and prominent 
member of the First Presbyterian Church of 
Chicago, of which he was one of the founders 
and to which he gave generously until the time 
of the anti-slavery agitation when the pastor, 
Rev. Dr. Curtiss, declared his pro-slavery 
views in a sermon which caused a great sensa- 
tion among his parishioners, and caused a 

large section of those holding anti-slavery 
views to leave the church and form a new 
society. This new society — Plymouth Church 
— -was the first Congregational church of Chi- 
cago, and Mr. Stowell was one of the prime 
movers in its organization. He was foremost 
in the controversy that followed the pro-slavery 
sermon and he published a reply to Dr. Curtiss. 
The eft'ect of this movement, which resulted 
in the establishment of Plymouth Church, was 
far-reaching in its effects upon public senti- 
ment. It helped greatly to crystallize the 
views of anti-slavery men. Mr. Stowell was 
equally prominent in the great temperance 
movement that swept over the country in the 
middle of the nineteenth century. He was 
zealous but never oftensive in the support of 
his principles. He was respected by all who 
knew him, and especially by those associated 
in business with him. Of sterling integrity, 
upright character, sound judgment, attractive 
personality, he was an eminently capable and 
useful citizen. And in the family he was 
honored and loved as a kind, indulgent father. 
This is the heritage he left to his children, and 
they cherish his memory. 

He married. May 29, 1828, at Brookfield, 
Mary Abbott, daughter of Captain Lewis and 
Polly (Nichols) Abbott. Children, born at 
Brookfield: i. Charles Abbott, born March 
15, 1830, died in Shasta, California, January i, 
1855. 2. Jane, born in Worcester, March 13, 
1832, married, October 4, 1854, Dr. Samuel 
Rush Haven, surgeon in the civil war, of Chi- 
cago. 3. Mary Ellen, born October 4, 1834, 
died June, 1838. 4. Mary Ellen, born at 
IMalden, August 23, 1838, married Hon. George 
\\'. Johnson, of Brookfield (see Johnson VII). 
5. Clara, born in Chicago, March 13, 1844, 
died October 29, 1880; married S. G. W. 
Benjamin, an artist and writer, son of Rev. 
Nathan and Mary (Wheeler) Benjamin, first 
minister appointed to Persia by the United 
States : one child, Edith, born in Salem, Mass- 
achusetts, October 20, 1869. 6. Edward Le 
Roy, born ]\Iarch 29, 1846, mentioned below. 

7. Adelyn, born December 12, 1848, married 
John Roper, of Chicago : children : i. John 
Jr., coflfee grower in Orizaba, Mexico; ii. 
Eleanor, librarian at College Point, New York ; 
catalogurer in Crerar Library, Chicago, many 
years : iii. Julia Avery, an artist in New York 
City ; iv. Thomas Avery, student in Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology, class of igio. 

8. Frederick B., born June 27, 1850, marrieil 
Nellie Collar ; six children, two of whom sur- 
vive, namely: i. ^^'illiam, married Marguerite 



\\'hite; one child, Jane Haven, born 1905; ii. 
Helen, married A. Bertram Garcelon ; one 
child, Glenda Gay, born January 8, 1909 ; 
resides at North Lovell, Maine. 

(ATI) Edward Le Roy, son of Ephraim 
Childs Stowell, was born March 29, 1846, 
died July 18, 1899. He attended the schools 
of Andover, Wilbraham and Westfield, Massa- 
chusetts. He was with his uncle, Hanson 
Abbott, in Milwaukee when the civil war broke 
out and he enlisted at Madison, Wisconsin, 
September 8. 1864, in Company A, Thirty- 
eighth Regiment of AVisconsin, as a private 
soldier. He married, J\Iarch 31, 1870, Jennie 
Cook, of Brookfield. They sailed almost 
immediately for Germany and lived in Tiibinzen 
nearly three years, during which time he 
studied medicine, but never practiced it. He 
was also a writer of some ability. Previous 
to this he had traveled some in Switzerland, 
Germany and England. Susequently Mr. 
Stowell purchased an orange grove in Anona, 
Florida, and cultivated it with great success ; 
his death occurred there, and shortly after- 
ward his widow, three daughters and youngest 
son, removed to Tampa, where they now 
(1909) reside. Children: i. Faith Haven, 
born in Tubingen, German)'. 2. Hanson 
Abbott, born in Tiibingen, Germany, is an 
Episcopal clergyman and is settled at Bates- 
ville, Arkansas. 3. Jennie, born in London, 
England. 4. Alary, born in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, i\Iay 6, 1874, married Asa Lowe and 
they reside in Tarpon Springs. Florida ; chil- 
dren : Earl and Marion Lowe. 5. Edward, 
born in Norristown, Pennsylvania, September 
25> 1875, died the following July. 6. Charles 
Edward, born at Alaywood, Illinois, October 
14, 1882, where his parents resided for five 
years, removing to Florida in January, 1883. 7. 
Katharine, born in Florida, December 26, 1887. 

John How Esq., of Warwickshire, 
HOWE England, was the ancestor of this 

branch of the Howe family in 
America. According to Hudson, the Marl- 
borough historian, the English ancestor was 

descended from How, of Hodinhall, 

England, and related to Sir Charles How, of 
Lancaster, Lancashire, England, of the days 
of Charles I. The family name is certainly 
English, and the family itself very numerous 
and distinguished in the old country. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) How, was 
the immigrant ancestor and settled in Sudbury, 
Massachusetts, as early as 1639. For several 
generations the name was spelled without the 

final "e," but the common spelling now is 
Howe. John How was selectman of Sudbury 
in 1642 and in 1655 was appointed by the 
minister and selectmen of that town "to see 
to the restraining of the youth on the Lord's 
Day." He lived in Sudbury nearly twenty 
years. He was one of the petitioners for the 
grant which constituted Marlborough, in 1755, 
and sent there to live in 1657, the first white 
man to make his home within the ()resent 
city limits of Marlborough. His cabin 
was near the Indian Plantation, and as 
a neighbor he became well acquainted with 
the natives. Hudson states that he used to 
serve as arbitrator for them in cases of dis- 
agreement and dispute. He opened the first 
public house in Marlborough in 1670. He 
died there in 1687 and in his will bequeathed 
to his son Thomas among other items, "the 
horse he troops on." His dwelling house was 
situated a hundred rods from the Spring Hill 
meeting house, a little east of the present road 
from Spring Hill to Feltonville. His wife 
Mary died about 1687. Children: i. John, 
born about 1640, married, January 22, 1662, 

Elizabeth ; killed by Indians in King 

Philip's war. 2. Samuel, October 20, 1642, 
married, June 5, 1663, Martha Bent. 3. Sarah, 
September 25, 1644, married, June, 1667, 
Samuel Ward. 4. Mary, June 18, 1646, died 
young. 5. Isaac, August 8, 1648, married, 
June 17, 1671, Frances Wood. 6. Josiah, 1650, 
mentioned below. 7. Mary, June 18, 1651, 
married, September .18, 1672, John Witherby. 

8. Thomas, June 12, 1656, married (first) 
Sarah Hosmer ; (second) Mrs. Mary Barron. 

9. Daniel, June 3, 1658, died 1661. 10. Alex- 
ander, December 29, 1661, died January fol- 
lowing. II. Captain Eleazer, January 18, 
1662. in Marlborough. 

( III) Josiah Howe, son of John (2) How, 
born in 1650 in Sudbury, Massachusetts, and 
died in 171 1. His estate was administered by 
his widow. He was a soldier in King Philip's 
war. and was one of those who rallied in the 
defense of the town when attacked by the 
Indians. He married, March 18, 1672, Mary 
Haynes, daughter of Deacon John Haynes. 
She married (second) John Prescott. Chil- 
dren: I. Mary, born 1672, died young. 2. 
Mary, May 4, 1674, died young. 3. Josiah, 
1678, mentioned below. 4. Daniel, May 5, 
1681. 5. Ruth, January 6, 1684, married 

(IV) Josiah (2), son of Josiah (i) Howe, 
was born in 1678 in Marlborough and settled 
there. He married (first) June 14, 1706, 



Sarah Bigelow. He married (second) No- 
vember 22. 1713, ^lary Marble. Children of 
first wife; I. Phineas, born December 4, 
1707. 2. Abraham, April 6, 1709, mentioned 
below. 3. Rachel. November 30. 1710. Chil- 
dren of second wife: 4. Sarah, December 24, 
1714. 5. Mary, May 22, 1716. 6. Josiah, De- 
cember 22, 1720, married Mary Goodale. 7. 
Jacob, November 25, 1724, married Ruth 

(V) Abraham, son of Josiah (2) Howe, 
was born in Marlborough, April 6, 1709, 
died May 12, 1790. He settled in Brook- 
field. He married Martha Potter, born 
at Marlborough, 171 1, died at Brookfield, 
December 20, 1791. Children, born at Brook- 
field: I. Ephraim, November 2},, 1733, 
mentioned below. 2. Abraham, January 

4. 1735, died January 20, 1756. 3. Abner, 
June 28, 1736. 4. Sarah, October 24, 1738. 

5. Rachel, Alarch 19, 1741. 6. ]\Iartha. ^lay 
15, 1744. 7. Persis, July 23, 1749, died Febru- 
ary 7, 1760. 8. Eli, March 18, 1752. 9. Abra- 
ham, March 4, 1758, died October 19, 1779. 

( \T ) Ephraim, son of Abraham Howe, was 
born at Brookfield, November 23, 1733. He 
married, September, 1757, Sarah Gilbert, of 
Brookfield. Children, born at Brookfield: i. 
William, November 15, 1759, mentioned below. 

2. Molly, August 13, 1761. 3. Rachel. Octo- 
ber 6, 1763. 4. Sarah, January 11, 1766, mar- 
ried Simon Crosby. 5. j\Iartha, February 15, 
1768. 6. Lucy, September 24. 1769, married 
Flavel Crosby. 7. Josiah, January 25, 1774, 
(lied in Maine. 

(\\\ ) William, son of Ephraim Howe, was 
born in Brookfield, November 15, 1759, died 
there December 15, 1843. He w-as a trader. 
His house was burned in January, 1798. He 
married, November 2, 1780, Abigail Crosby, 
born 1764, died February 14, 1816, daughter 
of Jabez and Mary Crosby, of Brookfield. 
Children, born at Brookfield: i. Sally, August 

3, 1782. 2. Nancy, November 5, 1784. 3. 
Jabez C, February 5, 1787, married Lucretia 
Pope; died September 7, 1869. 4. Otis, Octo- 
ber 27, 1788, died young. 5. Otis, January 10, 
1790. 6. ^^■illiam, November 20, 1792. 7. 
George, .April 9, 1795. 8. Amos, April 27, 
1797, married Nancy Pope; died November 
23. 1828. 9. Francis. March 14, 1799. 10. 
Oliver, August 22, 1801, died November 3, 
1872, unmarried. 11. Charlotte Abigail, Sep- 
tember 27, 1804, died September 16, 1805. 12. 
Charlotte Abigail, January 19, 1807, married, 
June 30, 1825, Samuel Johnson. (See John- 
-son VI). 

William Blake, immigrant ances- 
BLAKE tor, was baptized at Pitminster, 

England, July 10, 1594, son of 
William Blake of that place. He married 
there, September 23, 1617, Agnes Band, widow. 
It is thought that she may have been widow of 
Richard Band and daughter of Hugh Thorne, 
of Pitminster, baptized January 12, 1594. In 
the same parish in England four of the chil- 
dren of William Blake were baptized, but from 
1624 to 1636 his place of residence is imknown. 
He is believed to have come to America in the 
fall of 1635 or early in 1636, and remained 
at Dorchester or Roxbury, making the 
accjuaintance there of William Pynchon and 
others who were considering a plan of settle- 
ment in the Connecticut valley. At any rate 
he w-as with Pynchon and his associates on 
May 14 to 16, 1636, when they drew up and 
signed the articles of the association at Aga- 
wam, now Springfield, and he was one of five 
to assign the lots and manage the affairs of 
the colony. He drew land there, but apparently 
decided to return to Dorchester and settle. 
He drew land in South Boston in March, 
1637-38, and was admitted a freeman, March 
14, 1638-39. He was a man of integrity and 
ability. He was constable in 1641, selectman 
in 1645-47, and in 1651 was on the committee 
to build the new meeting house. In 1656 he 
was elected town clerk and "clerk of the writs" 
for the county of Suffolk. These offices he 
held until within six weeks of his death, Octo- 
ber 25, 1663. He was also clerk of the train 
band. In his w'ill he made a bequest for the 
repairing of the burying ground. Soon after 
his death his widow Agnes removed to Boston, 
probably to live with her son John or her only 
daughter, Anne Leager. She died in Dor- 
chester. ^^'illiam Blake's estate was appraised 
at two hundred and twenty-four pounds. Chil- 
dren : I. John, baptized at Pitminster, Eng- 
land. September 6, 1620, died at Boston, Jan- 
uary 25, 1688-89. -■ Anne, baptized at Pit- 
minster, August 30, 1618, died at Boston, July 
12, 1681. 3. William, baptized at Pitminster, 
September 6, 1620, died at IMilton, IMassachu- 
setts, September 3, 1703. 4. James, baptized 
April 27, 1624, mentioned below. 5. Edward, 
supposed to be the youngest child : died at 
IMilton. September 3, 1692. 

(II) James, son of William Blake, was 
born in England and baptized at Pitminster, 
April 27, 1624. He came to New England 
with his father and married (first) about 1651, 
Elizabeth Clap, daughter of Deacon Edward 
and Prudence (Clap) Clap. He married (sec- 



oncl) in Rehoboth, September 17, 1695, Eliza- 
beth ( Smith) Hunt, widow of Peter Hunt and 
daughter of Henry and Judith Smith, from 
count)' Norfolk, England. James Blake lived 
in the north part of Dorchester. His house, 
built about 1650, was of such substantial char- 
acter that the town voted to model the par- 
sonage after it in 1669 and it remained in the 
Blake family until 1825. In 1895 it was 
removed from the original location on Cottage 
street to Richardson Park, and the Dorchester 
Historical Society secured possession of it 
and have fitted it up for their purposes. Mr. 
Blake was a busy man. From 1658 to 1685 
there is scarcely a year that he did not serve 
the town in some official capacity. He was 
selectman thirteen years, later constable, deputy 
to the general court, clerk of the writs, recorder, 
sergeant of the militia. He was deacon of the 
Dorchester church for fourteen years, and 
ruling elder the same length of time. He 
was often called upon as administrator and to 
settle estates. He died June 28, 1700, leaving 
a will dated two days before his death. His 
estate was valued at four hundred and sev- 
enty-three pounds. , He and his wife are 
buried in the old grave}-ard at Dorchester, 
and the stones that mark their graves are in 
excellent condition. Children: i. James, born 
August 15, 1652, mentioned below. 2. John, 
March 16. 1656-57. 3. Elizabeth, October 3, 
1658. 4. Jonathan, July 12, 1660, died No- 
vember 10, 1660. 5. Sarah, February 28, 1665, 
died May 22, 1666. Joseph, August 27, 1667. 
(HI) James (2), son of James (i) Blake, 
was born at Dorchester, August 15, 1652, died 
October 22, 1732. He married (first) Febru- 
ary 6, 1681, Hannah Macey, who died June i, 
1683, aged twenty-three years, daughter of 
George and Susannah Macey, of Taunton. He 
married (second) July 8, 1684, Ruth Bachellor, 
born in Hampton, New Hampshire, May 9, 
1662, died in Dorchester, January 11, 1752, 
daughter of Nathaniel and Deborah (Smith) 
Bachellor. There has long been a tradition 
in the family that the first house upon Dor- 
chester Neck (now South Boston) was erected 
by James Blake. An investigation made a few 
years ago brought to light evidence that Cap- 
tain James Foster had a dwelling there as early 
as 1676, but Blake's house was without doubt 
the second, built on the peninsula about 1681. 
Although isolated from the village of Dor- 
chester the house was beautifully situated to 
command a view of the harbor and shore. It 
was on the road to Castle William, later Fort 
Independence, and at times it became a sort of 

house of entertainment for the English officers 
at the fort. His new house was almost entirely 
destroyed by the British troops, February 13, 
1776. Mr. Blake was a farmer. He was 
deacon of the Dorchester church twenty-three 
years. Children: i. Hannah, born Septem- 
ber 16, 1685, died October 2, 1686. 2. James, 
April 29, 1688, married Wait Simpson; died 
December 4, 1750; author of "Blake's Annals," 
the original of which is in posession of the 
New England Historic Genealogical Society. 
3. Increase, June 8, 1699, mentioned below. 

(IV) Increase, son of James (2) Blake, 
was born at Dorchester, June 8, 1699. He 
married, in Boston, July 23, 1724, Anne Gray, 
born March 16, 1704-05, died June 20, 1751, 
daughter of Edward and Susanna (Harrison) 
Gray. He shared with his only brother James 
in his father's estate in 1732, but soon after- 
ward sold all his share of the real estate. He 
resided in Boston where all his sixteen chil- 
dren were born, probably in the vicinity of 
Milk and Batterymarch streets. He was a 
tin plate worker, and his trade was followed 
by several of his sons and grandsons. He was 
an innholder on Merchant's Row in 1740. 
From 1734 to 1748 he was sealer of weights 
and measures. In 1737 he leased of the town 
of Boston one of the shops on the town dock 
at an annual rental of thirty pounds, and in 
1744 requested a renewal. He died probably 
in 1770. It is stated that he was buried in the 
Gray and Blake tomb, No. 74, at the Granary 
burying grounds. Children: i. Ann, born 
May 8, 1725, married Thomas Andrews; died 
June 2, 1752 (Granary burying ground 
inscription). 2. Increase. October 28, 1726, 
mentioned below. 3. Edward, July 9, 1728, 
married Rebecca Hallowell. 4. James, March 
20, 1730. 5. Harrison, September 10, 1731. 
6. William, September 14, 1732, married 
Dorcas Ward. 7. Hannah, September 9, 1733, 
married Colonel Thomas Dawes. 8. Susannah, 
October 14, 1734, married Captain Caleb 
Prince, g. John, June 22, 1736, married Anne 
Clarage. 10. Thomas, January 14. 1737-38. 
II. Benjamin, May 9, 1739, married Elizabeth 
Harris. 12. Joseph, July 5, 1740, married 
Sarah Dawes. 13. Nathaniel, September 28, 
1741, died October 15, 1741. 14. Ellis Gray, 
September 9, 1743, married Jane Cook. 15. 
Mary, August 17, 1745, married Simon Whip- 
ple. 16. Sarah, August 18, 1746, married 
Joseph Bachelder. 

(V) Increase (2), son of Increase (i) 
Blake, was born in Boston, October 28, 1726, 
and married there, April 18, 1754, Anne Crafts, 



born January lo, 1734, died March 21, 1762, 
daughter of Thomas and Anne (White) 
Crafts. A few years ago a gravestone with 
her name and date of death was foiind on 
Boston Common. He married (second) De- 
cember 7, 1762, EHzabeth Bridge, born 1731, 
perhaps daughter of Ebenezer and Mary 
Bridge, of Boston. She died of small pox in 
Worcester, November 22, 1792, aged sixty- 
one years, and was buried in a pasture in the 
northern part of the city, near what is now 
Nelson place. An obituary notice in the Spy 
of December, 1792, refers to her as "one of 
the noblest women earth was ever blessed 
with." "A living Christian." Mr. Blake was a 
tin plate worker in Boston, having a shop on 
King street, now State street, near the old 
State House. He is said to have supplied the 
Provincial troops with canteens, cartridge 
boxes and the like, but on refusing to make 
them for the British troops was driven from 
town. His wife was equally patriotic. Her 
Bible, which is owned by Mrs. E. A. Knowl- 
ton, of Rochester, Minnesota, gives evidence 
of an encounter she had with a British soldier. 
One day when sitting in front of her door 
reading her Bible, she was asked by a soldier 
as he passed what she was reading. She 
replied, "the story of the cross," upon which 
he answered that he would fix her Bible so 
she would always remember the cross ; and 
with his sword he made a deep cut across 
the page through many leaves. The story has 
several forms as it has been handed down, 
but the Bible, the cut and the sword of the 
British soldier are undoubtedly realities. When 
forced to leave Boston, just after the battle 
of Bunker Hill, he removed his wife and seven 
children to Worcester, sacrificing nearly all of 
his Boston property. He opened a shop in 
W^orcester at Lincoln Square and worked at 
his trade. In 1780 and for a number of years 
he was jailer. He died in Worcester, Febru- 
ary 28, 1795. His estate was appraised for 
forty-two pounds and proved to be insolvent. 
The claims amounted to $91.49, the net assets 
were only eleven shillings, six and a half 
pence — $1.92 — to be divided. Twelve of his 
children were born in Boston, the thirteenth 
at Worcester. Children of first wife: i. Anne, 
born August 9, 1755, died December 6, 1760. 

2. Thomas, December 20, 1756, died young. 

3. ^Villiam, March 12, 1758, died September 7, 
1759. 4. Elizabeth, died March 7, 1760. 5. 
James, died January 22, 1762. 6. James, born 
January 29, 1762, married, July 14, 1784, 
Rebecca Cunningham. Children of second 

wife: 7. Mary, November 5, 1763, married, 
September 15, 1797, Andrew Tufts. 8. Persis, 
March 31, 1765, married, December 8, 1790, 
Samuel Case. 9. Thomas Dawes, October 23, 
1768, mentioned below. 10. Ebenezer, May 
31, 1 77 1, supposed to have been lost at sea. 
II. Sarah, November 25, 1772. 12. Susanna, 
April 4, 1774, married, August 3, 1800, George 
Anson Howes. 13. Dorothy, June 15, 1781. 

(VI) Dr. Thomas Dawes, son of Increase 
(2) Blake, was born in Boston, October 23, 
1768, died in Farmington, Maine, November 
20, 1849. He spent his early days in Wor- 
cester and attended Dr. Payson's celebrated 
school from which he graduated with the high- 
est honors of his class. He practiced for a 
short time as a physician at Petersham, Mass- 
achusetts, but in 1799 settled in Farmington 
Falls, ]\Iaine. He was a ripe scholar, and to 
quote the history of Farmington, "possessed 
of those strong virtues acquired during the 
troublous times in which his early life was 
spent." He married, January 3, 1802, Martha 
Norton, born May I, 1786, died September 30, 
1873, daughter of Cornelius and Lydia (Clag- 
horn) Norton, of Vineyard Haven, Massachu- 
setts. Children, all born in Farmington : i. 
Cordelia, April 19, 1804, died May 24, 1808. 
2. Adeline, September 16, 1806, married, April 
9, 1835, John F. W. Gould. 3. Martha, No- 
vember 12, 1808, married, April 27, 1828, 
David C. ]\Iorrill. 4. Thomas Dawes, Febru- 
ary 4, 1811, married. ]\Iay 13, 1841, Hannah 
D. Norton. 5. Increase, December 8, 1812, 
married, September 26, 1844, Sarah Farns- 
worth. 6. Cornelius N., February 8, 181 5, died 
August 29, 1827. 7. Ebenezer Norton, July 
30, 1817, married, February 16, 1843, Harriet 
Cummings. 8. George Fordyce, May 20, 18 19, 
mentioned below. 9. Jotham Sewall, February 
6, 1821, died March 5, 1881. 10. Freeman 
Norton, June i, 1822, married Helen S. Baker. 

(VII) George Fordyce, son of Dr. Thomas 
D. Blake, was born May 20, 1819, at Farming- 
ton, Maine, died in Boston, July 22, 1905. He 
began his business career at an early age, and 
before he was thirty held a responsible posi- 
tion as mechanical engineer at the Cambridge 
brick-yards. His mechanical skill led him to 
devise several useful inventions, among which 
was a water meter which brought his name 
into public prominence. His greatest achieve- 
ment, however, was the Blake steam pump, 
which he devised originally for use in his own 
business. This pump was so successful that 
he devoted most of his time and energies to its 
manufacture and improvement. He must be 



counted as one of the great mechanical 
inventors of the nineteenth century. Unhke 
many of them he reaped richly of the fruit of 
his invention. The Blake pump is now manu- 
factured by a corporation known as the George 
F. Blake Manufacturing Company. Mr. Blake 
made his home at various times in Cambridge, 
Medford, Belmont, and lastly in Boston. He 
married (first) at Lynnfield, Massachusetts, 
January I, 1845, Sarah Silver Skinner, born 
in Lynnfield, June 18, 1821, died in Boston, 
October 14, 1856, daughter of William and 
Lucy (Aborn) Skinner. He married (second) 
at North Sandwich, December 24, 1857, Mar- 
tha J. Skinner, born June 24, 1835, died June 
2, 1897, a sister of his first wife. Children of first 
wife: I. Thomas Dawes, born at Cambridge 
October 25, 1847, married, May 18, 1870, Susan 
P. Symounds. 2. Sara Augusta, Cambridge, 
December 6, 1853, married, October 21, 1885, 
Roland H. Boutwell; died February 27, 1891. 
Children of second wife: 3. George Fordyce, 
Medford, February 9, 1859, married, April 
29, 1885, Carrie H. Turner. 4. Grace Bertha, 
Medford, August 30, 1863, died there Feb- 
ruary 29, 1868. 5. Jennie Maria, Medford, 
April 29, 1869, married Arthur Stoddard John- 
son. (See Johnson VIII). 6. Alice Norton, 
Belmont, July 6, 1872, married James M. 
Newell, June 6, 190 1. 

The Atherton family of 
ATHERTON England had its seat in 

Lancashire, and in their 
manorial estate the town of Atherton lies ten 
miles northwest of Manchester. Their lands 
included rich coal mines and quarries, iron 
works, and is the wealthiest cotton manufac- 
turing district in the world. The family had 
immense possessions, and was one of the 
wealthiest of the commoners of England. The 
coat-of-arms of the family were : Gules, three 
sparrow-hawks, argent. Crest : a swan argent. 
Another crest : on a perch a hawk billed proper. 
These arms hang in the private chapel of the 
Athertons in Leigh, in the family vault. 

(I) Robert de Atherton lived from 1199 to 
1 2 16, and was high sheriff of the county under 
King John. He held the manor of Atherton 
of the Barons of \\'arrington. 

(II) William de Atherton held the manors 
of Atherton and Pennington in 1251. By inter- 
marriage with the Derby family the title is now 
vested in that line. 

(III) WilHam Atherton of Atherton in 
1 312, married Agnes . 

(IV) Henry Atherton of Atherton from 
1316 to 1330, married, in 1387, Agnes . 

(V) Sir William Atherton, knight, married 
(first) Jane, daughter of William and sister of 
Sir Ralphe, Woberly, knight; (second) Mar- 
gerie, a widow, in 1396. 

(VI) Sir William Atherton, knight, born 
1381, died 1416, married Agnes, only daugh- 
ter and heiress of Ralphe Vernon, Baron of 

(VII) Sir William Atherton married (first) 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Pilkinton, knight. 

( VIII) Sir William Atherton married Mar- 
garet, daughter of Sir John Byron, knight, 
and died 144 1. 

(IX) John Atherton had a son George, 
mentioned below. 

(X) George Atherton was born 1487, and 
married Anne Ashton. 

(XI) Sir John Atherton, knight, was born 
1541, and married (first) Elizabeth, daughter 
of Sir Alexander Ratclift'e, knight. The mar- 
riage was recorded in the visitation of 1533, 
where the arms were also entered. He mar- 
ried (second) Margaret, daughter of Thomas 
Caterall. He was high sheriff under three 
sovereigns, in 1551, 1555, and 1561, and com- 
mander of the Military Hundred in 1553. 

(XII) John Atherton Esq. was born 1556. 
He was high sheriff in 1583, and married 
(first) Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Byron, 
knight; (second) Katherine, daughter and 
co-heiress of John, Lord Convers, of Hornby 

( XIII) John Atherton was son of John and 
Elizabeth Atherton. He had a half brother 
John, daughter of Katherine. 

(XIV) John Atherton, son of John the 
elder, died 1646. He married Eleanor, daugh- 
ter of Sir Thomas Ireland, of Beansey, knight. 

(I) General Humphrey Atherton, son of 
Edmund Atherton, was undoubtedly of the 
ancient English family whose pedigree is given 
above. He is the first in the American line. 
He was born about 1607-8, and lived in Win- 
wick, Lancashire, England. He came to New 
England in 1635 in the ship "James," with his 
wife and three children, and settled in Dor- 
chester. He signed the covenant of the Dor- 
chester church in 1636, and was admitted a 
freeman May 2, 1638. He was deputy to the 
general court that year, also from 1639 to 
1641, and in 1653 from Springfield, when he 
was chosen speaker. The next year he was 
chosen assistant, and soon after major-general. 
He was much employed in negotiations with 


the Indians, and made use of his influence 
with them in a great purchase in Rhode Island. 
He was thrown from his horse, by riding over 
a cow, and died the next day, at Boston, Sep- 
tember 17, 1661. The manner of his death is 
made a matter of comment by Hubbard as one 
of the judgments of God. He was captain of 
the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company 
in 1650. He married jNIary, sister of Nathaniel 
Wales, and probably daughter of John Wales, 
of Idle. England. She died in 1672. He is 
buried in the old Dorchester cemetery. His 
epitaph reads : 

■■Here lies our Captain & Major of Suffolk was withal; 

A godly magistrate was he, and Major General; 

Two troop horse with him here comes, such worth his love 

did crave 
Ten companies of foot also mourning march to his grave, 
Let all that read be sure to keep the faith as he has done 
With Christ he lives now around his name was Humphrey 


Children: I. Elizabeth, baptized at \\^in- 
wick, England, September 28, 1628: married, 
1650, Timothy JNIather. 2. John, baptized at 
Winwick. December 26, 1629. 3. Isabel, bap- 
tized at Winwick, January 23, 1630; married 
Nathaniel Wales Jr. 4. Jonathan, soldier in 
King Philip's war. 5. Consider, mentioned 
below. 6. Mary, born about 1647, married, 
April 9, 1667, Joseph Weeks. 7. Margaret, 
married, December 30, 1659, James Trow- 
bridge. 8. Rest, baptized. May 26, 1639 ; mar- 
ried, ^larch 15, 1661, Obadiah Swift. 9. In- 
crease, born January 2, 1641-2: lost at sea 
about 1675. 10. Thankful, born April 29, 
1644: married. February 2. 1665, Thomas 
Bird, of Dorchester. 11. Hope, baptized .-\u- 
gust 30, 1646 ; graduated at Harvard 1665 ; 
married Sarah Hollister. 12. Watching, bap- 
tized .'\ugust 24, 165 1 ; married, January 23, 
1677, Elizabeth Rigby. 13. Patience, born 
April 2, 1654: married July 7, 1685, Isaac 

(II) Consider, son of Humphrey Atherton, 
was born in Dorchester, and married there, 
December 19, 1671, Ann Annable ; (second) 

Hannah , who died April 26, 1687. 

Children, born at Dorchester: i. Humphrey, 
born January 26, 1672 ; mentioned below. 2. 
John, born May 5, 1677 ; died June 22, 1679. 
3. Anna, born February 17, 1679. 4. Sarah, 
born l\Iay 8, 1683. 

(III) Flumphrey. son of Consider .Ather- 
ton, was born January 26, 1672, and died at 
Stoughton, February 2, 1748. He married 

Elizabeth , who died at her son's house 

in Dorchester. December 24, 1765. in her nine- 

tieth year. Children, born at Dorchester: r. 
Elizabeth, April 14, 1701. 2. Captain Humph- 
rey, June 5, 1707; died November 17, 1786. 

3. Anna, May 3, 1710. 4. John, jNIay 13, 1714, 
mentioned below. 5. Consider, February 9, 

( I Y ) Deacon John, son of Humphrey Ather- 
ton, was born May 13, 1714. He married, Jan- 
uary 26, 1741, (intentions dated October 10, 
1740), Rachel Wentworth, of Stoughton, born 
March 13, 1714-5, died August 11, 1798. He 
died at Stoughton. October 4, 1785. Chil- 
dren: I. Elizabeth, born May 20, 1744; mar- 
ried Tucker, of Milton. 2. John, born 

July 21, 1747: mentioned below. 3. ^^'illiam. 

4. Samuel. 

(\') Deacon John (2), son of Deacon John 
( I ) .Atherton, was born at Stoughton, July 21, 
1747, and died there July 3, 1825. He mar- 
ried there, July 2"] . 1768, Alary Adams, born 
February 21, 1751, died June 26, 1843, daugh- 
ter of Rev. Jedediah Adams, and second cousin 
to President John Adams. He was a soldier 
in the revolution, sergeant in Captain Peter 
Talbot's company. Colonel Lemuel Robinson's 
regiment, answered the alarm at Lexington, 
April 19, 1775 ; also corporal in Captain Robert 
.Swan's company. Colonel Benjamin Gill's 
regiment, in 1777, on duty at Squantum when 
the British fleet left Boston harbor. Children: 
I. John, born December 2, 1769; married Feb- 
ruary 9, 1797, Sally Bird; died at Savannah, 
Georgia, September 21. 1824. 2. Jedediah, 
born March 3, 1772: married Hannah Drake. 
3. Humphrey, born January 20, 1774; died 
-August 31. 1778. 4. Alary, born Alarch 21. 
1776; died August 20, 1778. 5. Rachel, born 
Alay 3, 1778; married Abraham Capen. 6. 
Elijah, born July 25, 1780; married April 19, 
1803, Ruth Tisdale ; (second) Harriet Crane; 
(third) Laura Gilmore. 7. Samuel, born Sep- 
tember 19, 1784; mentioned below. 8. Alary, 
born December i, 1786; married May 29, 1810, 
Abiezer Packard; died June 17, 1840. 9. 
Nathan, born October 25, 1788; married July 
6, 1823, Amity Morton; died 1858. 

(AT) Samuel, son of Deacon John (2) 
Atherton, was born September 19, 1784, and 
lived on the homestead at Stoughton. He 
married, February 28, 181 1, Abigail Pope, born 
December 5. 1785, died Alarch 19, i868,daugh- 
ter of Ralph and Abigail (Soran) Pope, of 
Stoughton. He was of an energetic tempera- 
ment, cheerful disposition, and a good con- 
versationalist when impediment in his speech 
permitted, being afflicted with stammering, and 
as lie had a good voice and ear for music,. 



often sang what he wished to say, when he 
found himself unable to talk well. He took 
an active part in politics, and was selectman 
of the town. He voted at every election from 
1805 until 1876, when his last vote was for 
the Hayes electoral ticket. He was a success- 
ful farmer, and at one time owned the largest 
amount of land in the town. He and his 
brother Nathan were among the founders of 
the Stoughton Musical Society. Children: i. 
^lary, married William Balcher. 2. \"ashti, 
married James Swan. 3. Samuel, born Janu- 
ary 26, 1815: mentioned below. 4. Abigail, 
married Joseph Swan. 5. James, born May 6, 
1819: mentioned below. 6. William. 

(VH) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) 
Atherton, was born in Stoughton, January 26. 
181 5, and was educated in the common schools. 
Until twenty years of age he remained on the 
homestead, and in 1835 went to Boston as 
clerk for William Capen, shoe and leather 
dealer. Two years later he took a position as 
bookkeeper with Prouty & Company, Com- 
mercial street, wholesale hardware, for one 
year. He then established himself in business 
as a retail dealer in boots and shoes on Wash- 
ington street, in company with Edwin Battles, 
under the firm name of Battles & Atherton. 
The firm was dissolved the next year and Mr. 
Atherton was employed by Caleb Stetson, 
wholesale shoe and leather dealer, corner of 
Broad and Central streets. On January i. 
1842, he was admitted into partnership, the 
new firm being C. Stetson & Company. Three 
years later Mr. Stetson retired from the firm, 
still being a special partner, however, and the 
business was conducted under the name of 
Samuel Atherton. Three years later Mr. Stet- 
son again took an active interest, the name 
being S. Atherton & Company, and two years 
later, Atherton, Stetson & Company. In 1852 
James and William Atherton were admitted 
as partners, and continued the Stoughton man- 
ufactury as their part of the work. In 1861 
Samuel and James Atherton withdrew from 
the firm, and soon afterward George E. Ather- 
ton, son of Samuel, was taken into the firm. 
The business was one of the most successful 
in its line in Boston. Mr. Atherton married 
(first) September 16. 1841, Temperance Hol- 
brook, who died February 24. 1849, daughter 
of Colonel Joseph and Mary (Rich) Holbrook, 
of Boston. He married (second) July 3, 1856, 
Susan Baker, died May 18, 1858. daughter 
of Captain Richard and Jerusha (Rich) Baker. 
He married (third) October 6. 1869, Mrs. 
Susan M. Holton. daughter of Joseph and 

Margaret (Richardson) Bassett. He resided 
a part of his married life in Charlestown, and 
removed to Dorchester, where he occupied a 
beautiful residence. He was director in the 
New England Bank, Prescott Insurance Com- 
pany, Massachusetts Loan and Trust Com- 
pany, president of the Dorchester (jas-Light 
Company, and connected with various other 
corporations. In politics he was a Republican, 
and a memlier of the legislature of the state 
in 18^)7-70-77. In religion he was a Unitarian. 
He was a man of eminently social qualities, 
and had many warm friends. By his enter- 
jjrise and business sagacity he won a high 
place in the financial circles of Boston. Chil- 
dren of first wife: i. Thomas H. 2. George 
Edward, born May 2, 1845: mentioned below. 
3. Charles Francis, born May 2, 1847. 4. 
Sarah Ann, born November 6, 1848: married 
George P. Sewall, of Boston, and had Ather- 
ton and Mabel A. Sewall. Children of sec- 
ond wife : 5. Helen L., married Edward H. 
Hawes, of Boston. 6. Susan H., married W. 
Morton Robinson, of Lynn. 

(VIII) George Edward, son of Samuel (2) 
Atherton, was born May 2, 1845 ^"d died 
October 29, 1905. He was a member of the 
firm with his uncles and father. He married 
(first) Emma Coffin: (second) Isabelle 
(King) Rav. Children of first wife: i. 
George Edward Jr., married Corinne Mack ; 
resided in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2. 
Edith, married, February 19, 1906, Philip S. 
Johnson (see Johnson). 3. Emma, married 
John S. Lawrence, nephew of Bishop Lawrence, 
and had Eloise Lawrence. 

(\'II) Tames, son of Samuel Atherton. was 
born at Stoughton, I\Iay 6, 1819. He had a 
common school and academic education, and 
remained with his father until he was of age, 
teaching several winter terms in the village 
school. Soon after marriage he began the manu- 
facture of boots and shoes with his brother 
William, under the firm name of J. & W. 
Atherton. This firm was finally merged with 
the firm of Atherton, Stetson & Company, the 
Athertons being the brothers James, William 
and Samuel. (3n account of failing health he 
retired from active business in 1867, his con- 
nection with the company ceasing in 1861. 
Although his health was never robust, he was 
a man of energy, and devoted his time to his 
business with zeal. He was a quick and ready 
speaker, and in early life took great interest 
in debating societies. He was a great reader, 
and kept abreast of the times. In politics he 
was a Whig and later a Republican. He 



attended the Universalist church. His business 
was conducted with system and order, and all 
his dealings were characterized by honesty and 
justice. He married (first) May 5, 1853, Phebe 
Reed, born February 9, 1831, died March 11, 
1868, daughter of John and Phebe Reed, of 
Boston. Her father was a civil engineer of 
Boston for many years. He married (second) 
June I, 1869, Mary B. JNIarshall, of Boston, 
who died February 5, 1880. Children, all by 
first wife: I. James, born July 26, 1854; edu- 
cated at public schools and Dean Academy. 2. 
William, born April 30, 1859; educated in 
jiublic schools and commercial college. 3. 
Walter, born March 18, 1863; educated in 
public schools and Phillips Andover Academy ; 
graduated at Harvard 1885 ; took degree of 
C. E. in Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
1886; then special course in architecture; 
worked as draughtsman five years, then studied 
architecture in Europe two years ; started to 
practice his profession in 1895 ; is a Republi- 
can in politics and Unitarian in religion. 

(VH) William, son of Samuel (i) Ather- 
ton, married Mary Edwards Dwight. She 
resides at 144 Commonwealth avenue, Boston. 
Children: i. Mary Louise, died June, 1908. 2. 
Frederick William, graduated at Andover, 
1882; Harvard, 1886; resides in New York. 3. 
Edward Dwight, resides at Pottstown, Penn- 
sylvania; musician; studied theory and compo- 
sition in Munich and Berlin, Germany, three 
years, and published many vocal and instru- 
mental selections. 4. Percy Lee, graduate of 
Boston Latin School, Phillips Andover (1899) 
and Harvard (1903). 

Thomas Betts, immigrant ances- 
BETTS tor, was born in England in 1618, 

and came to New England as 
early as 1639. He was one of the founders of 
Guilford, Connecticut. He was given a home 
lot of an acre and a half, in the first division 
of land in 1640, one of the most desirable lots 
in the town, being situated next that of the 
minister, Mr. Whitfield, on a rising ground, 
before which the plain stretched as far as the 
sound. He had also seven other tracts of land 
containing about fifty acres. He took the 
freeman's oath. August 14, 1645. He married 

Mary . Opinions diflfer as to whether 

he came to Guilford from Alilford or Wethers- 
field, Connecticut. On November 17, 1657, 
he sold his "out lands" to Henry Kingsnorth, 
and three days later he sold his home lot to 
George Highland. He removed to ^Milford, 
Connecticut, where he lived until 1660. In 

that year he purchased the home lots of I 
Nathaniel Eli and Ralph Keeler, in Norwalk, ' 
on the east side of the Norwalk river, later 
selling half of it. He is called a planter. He 
was admitted a freeman, October 13, 1664, J 
and received a grant of land in Norwalk. In 1 
February, 1672, he appears in the census as 
having the largest family in the town. His 
name is prominent in certain church contro- 
versies in 1678. Appealing to the general 
court to decide for them on the location of 
the new meeting house, they being unable to 
settle the matter, the court recommended that 
they "solemnly commit the decision of this con- 
troversy to the wise dispose of the Most High, 
by a lott." He was one of the petitioners 
for the town of Wilton, in 1672, but may have 
never lived there. He occupied the "Round 
seat" in the meeting house. He died in 1688, 
aged seventy years. His will was dated j\Iay 
4, 1688. Among his possessions were "four 
boxes of books." Children, born in Guilford: 

I. Thomas, 1644, died 1717. 2. Mary, 1646. 

3. John, June 20, 1650, married Sarah ; 

died about 1730. 4. Hannah, November 22, 
1652. 5. Stephen, May 10, 1655. 6. Daniel, 
October 4, 1657, mentioned below. Born in 
]\Iilford : 7. Samuel, April 4, 1660. 8. James, 
born in Norwalk early in 1663, died July 6, 
1753. "aged ninety years and some months." 

II. Sarah, married, March 5, 1695-96, Joseph 
St. John. 

( II ) Daniel, son of Thomas Betts, was born 
in Guilford, Connecticut, October 4, 1657, died 
at Wilton, Connecticut, February 8, 1758. He 
received a part of his father's estate by will, 
and purchased, January 11, 1685, the home 
lot and house of John Hoyt. He made other 
purchases later in Wilton. He was one of a 
committee in 1726 to choose the minister, and 
occupied the "forelong seat" in the meeting 
house. He married, December, 1692, Deborah 
Taylor, born June i, 1671, died about 1751, 
daughter of Thomas and Rebecca (Ketcham) 
Taylor. Children: i. Deborah, born October 
24. 1693. 2. Rebecca, August 4, 1696, married, ■ 
January 10, 1721-22, Samuel Grumman. 3. 
Daniel, May 2, 1699, mentioned below. 

(Ill) Daniel (2), son of Daniel (i) Betts, 
was born in Norwalk, Connecticut, May 2, 
1699, died in Wilton, July 10, 1783. A stone 
marks his grave in the Wilton cemetery. He 
lived in the south part of the "Kent farm" 
which had been bought by his father, and con- 
veyed to the son by deed April 7, 1748. He 
married Sarah Comstock. born March 25, 
1707, died January 18, 1781, daughter of Cap- 



tain Samuel Comstock, and granddaughter of 
Hon. Christopher Comstock, and also of Rev. 
Thomas Hanford, the first clergyman of Xor- 
walk. She and her husband were admitted to 
the church February 13, 1732. He served on 
the school committee in 1762, and was also 
moderator of town meeting in 1777. During 
the march of the British forces upon Danbury 
in 1777 he was taken prisoner, but was soon 
released. Children; I. Josiah, born March 8, 
1726. 2. Sarah, Alarch 8, 1726 (twin), mar- 
ried Josiah Burchard. 3. Daniel, June 28, 
1728, died October 8, 1820. 4. Hannah, Alay 

12, 1730, married, November 20, 1750, Ezra 
Gregory. 5. Samuel Comstock, March 2, 1732, 
mentioned below. 6. Elizabeth, married. Jan- 
uary 25, 1764, Zachariah I\Iead ; died March, 
1 818. 7. Jesse, born December, 1734, died 
October 6, 1742. 8. Ruth, February, 1737, 
died October 2, 1742. 9. Abijah, baptized July 

13, 1740, married ^lary Betts : died December 
30, 1 81 7. 10. Timothy, baptized May 8, 1743. 

11. Lydia, baptized June 29, 1745, died 1746, 

12. Deborah, baptized June 5, 1748, died April 
15, 1774, unmarried. 13. Reuben, baptized 
July I, 1753. 14. Ehjah. 

( R' ) Samuel Comstock, son of Daniel Betts, 
was born at Xorwalk, ]\larch 2, 1732, died in 
Richmond, Massachusetts, May 16, 1823. He 
lived in Wilton until he was thirty-five years 
old. and he and his wife were admitted to the 
church there March 9, 1755. He generally 
signed his name Comstock Betts. He was a 
member of the second company of the ninth 
regiment of foot companies, in September, 
1767. In October, 1767, he removed to Rich- 
mond, Berkshire county, Massachusetts, arriv- 
ing there November 2. He owned a large 
amount of land in that town. It is related of 
him that even in his latter years it was his 
custom to ride about his farms on horseback, 
overseeing the work, still wearing the costume 
of revolutionary period. He was of command- 
ing figure, over six feet tall. He was ninety- 
two years old when he died. His will was 
dated March 8, 1823. His son, Comstock, was 
excluded from the will on account of his be- 
coming a Quaker. He married (first) June 5, 
1754, Mary Taylor, born December 3, 1731, 
died September 11, 1807, daughter of Reuben 
Ta}'lor. He married ( second ) her sister, Adah, 
widow of Elijah Betts, She died February 
9, 1831, aged eighty-four. Children, all by 
first wife: i.Mary, born May I, 1755, died 

December 11, 1831 ; married (first) 

W'atrous : (second) Asa Parmelee. 2. Joel, 
May 4, 1756, died April 5, 1790, unmarried. 

3. Aaron, September 16, 1757, died April 3, 
^'^35- 4- Preserved, August 12, 1759, married, 
January 16, 1791, Elizabeth Eliot; died Febru- 
ary I, 181 8. 5. Uriah, February 25, 1761, 
mentioned below. 6. Comstock, November ig, 
1762, died December i8, 1845, unmarried. 7. 
Zebulon, August 12, 1764, died November 27, 
1828. 8. Lydia, August 2, 1766, died Novem- 
ber 22, 1861. 9. Enoch, May 4, 1768, died 
June 6, 1822. 10. Amos, September 25, 1770, 
died unmarried October, 1793. 11. Daniel, 
August 22, 1772, died March 8, 1792, unmar- 

( \') Uriah, son of Samuel Comstock Betts, 
was born February 25, 1761, died August 10, 
1841. He was in the revolution, serving in 
nearly the whole of the war. He was in Cap- 
tain Nathan Gilbert's company, Colonel John 
Mead's regiment, in 1777; also a member of 
Colonel Samuel Whaley's regiment. Four of 
his brothers were in the revolution also. A 
portrait of Uriah Betts from an oil painting 
by Catlin, the Indian painter, is in the posses- 
sion of his descendants. About 1840 he re- 
moved to Newburgh, New York, where he 
died. He married (first) October 14, 1783, 
Sarah Rosseter, born August 28, 1763, died 
June II, 1796, daughter of Hon, Nathan 
Rosseter, of Richmond, and granddaughter of 
Hon. Josiah Rosseter, of Guilford, Connecti- 
cut. He married (second) September 22, 
1796, Rebecca Rosseter, born June 29, 1774, 
sister of his first wife. He married (third) 
at Wilton, April 21, 1833, Lucy Betts, born 
October 22, 1787, died July, 1882, daughter of 
Elijah Betts. Children of first wife: i. Juliana 
(twin), born September 5, 1784. 2. Julia 
( twin ), September 5, 1784. 3. Samuel Rosseter, 
June 8, 1786, mentioned below. 4. Son, born 
and died December 7, 1790. 4. Sarah Maria, 
March 29, 1796, Children of second wife: 
5. Amanda E., February 5, 1799, died October 
17, 1857. 6, Frederic J., July 2, 1803. 7. 
Nathan Comstock, November 18, 1809, died 
July, 1882. 

( \T ) Judge Samuel Rosseter, son of Uriah 
Betts, was born June 8, 1786, died November 
3, 1868. He attended the public schools and 
prepared for college at Lenox Academy, Lenox, 
Massachusetts, and he was the first graduate of 
this academy to graduate from college. He en- 
tered Williams College in 1802 and graduated in 
1806. In 1830 he received the honorary degree 
of LL. D. from his alma mater. Soon after 
graduating from college he was admitted to 
the bar and began to practice law at Monti- 
cello, Sullivan county. New York. He took a 



leading place among the lawyers of that county 
and was prominent in public life. In 1815 he 
was elected to congress and served one term. 
Afterward he removed to Xewburgh, Orange 
county. Kew York. In 1823 he was appointed 
circuit judge of the supreme court of New 
York and held that office until 1827 when he 
was appointed by President John Quincy 
Adams, judge of the United States district 
court for the southern district of Xew York, 
and continued in that office until 1867, when 
being nearly eighty-three years of age he re- 
signed, removing to New Haven, Connecticut, 
where he died November 3, 1868. Through- 
out his long term of service On the bench he 
presided with such dignity, courtesy, pro- 
fundity of legal knowledge and patience of 
investigation that he came to be regarded as 
almost infallible in his decisions. To him be- 
longs the high honor of having in a great 
degree formulated and codified the maritime 
laws of the United States. The complicated 
rules of salvage, general arrearages, wages of 
seamen, freighting contracts, charts, insur- 
ance, and prizes, owe their present well- 
ordered s}-stem to Judge Betts. During the 
first twenty years of his connection with the 
tlistrict court there was never an appeal from 
his decisions, and his opinions in his own court 
on maritime ciuestions and in the circuit court 
on patents, have been uniformly upheld. In 
1838 he published a standard work on "Ad- 
miralty Practice." 

The following tribute to Judge Betts was 
paid in court November 5, 1868. by Hon. E. C. 
Benedict : "He came to this citv from the 
country, where he had been eminent at the 
bar. and for some years Circuit Judge. He 
came, therefore, with great familiarity with 
the legal questions which occupied courts of 
common law. but with little acquaintance with 
those which an Admiralty Court must feel. 
\Vhen he came here there was almost no busi- 
ness in the court. It did not then sit a week, 
where it now sits a month. Thus he had leisure 
to familiarize himself with the law of Ad- 
miralty, and he soon became one of the most 
learned judges of that branch of the law. As 
time went on the business of the court in- 
creased, and his business in Admiralty became 
far more extended than that of any other judge 
that ever sat on the bench. He, more than 
any other man, formed the admiralty system 
of the L'nitecl States. \Mien he came to the 
bench the British view of jurisdiction of the 
.Admiralty prevailed. He devoted himself to 
that branch of the law in the spirit which be- 

longed to it of old, and which has since been 
adopted by the jurists and courts of this coun- 
try, and his views have prevailed everywhere, 
though at first they were a novelty. His deci- 
sions were always characterized by acuteness, 
learning and research. If they had been care- 
fully reported they would have built up for 
him a reputation which would have been like 
that which the Chancer)' decisions gave to 
Lord Stowell. But in those days the news- 
papers were not as they are now volumes of 
report, and Judge Betts always seemed not 
entireh' satisfied with the form of his deci- 
sions, and was reluctant to publish them until 
he had given them a more perfect finish, and 
after I was appointed reporter of the Court, 
many years ago, I did not succeed in getting 
him to prepare them, before his greatly in- 
creased labors by the bankrupt Act of 1840 
prevented his giving anj' attention to it. and 
the idea was abandoned, until its importance 
was destroyed by reports of other Courts. 
Judge Betts was a man of urbanity and kind- 
ness to all who practiced before him. All who 
practiced in his Court, young or old, always 
felt that they had had full opportunity to be 
heard, and that they had been treated with 
uniform kindness and courtesy — an excellent 
quality in a judge. W'e can hardly realize in 
these da^'s, when changes of judges are so 
frequent, what it was to have a judge upon 
the bench forty years, as he was. He reached 
great age and gave to us all of the results of 
a cjiiiet and uniformly industrious life, of 
moral and domestic virtue." 

He married, November 4, 1816. Caroline A. 
Dewey, daughter of Hon. Daniel Dewey, of 
Northampton. Children: i. Maria Caroline, 
born August 15. 1818, married. July 12, 1842, 
James \\'. Metcalf. 2. Charles Dewej-, July 

6, 1820. died unmarried Januarj' 16, 1845. 3- 
Frances Julia, November 28. 1822. married 
William Hillhouse. 4. George Frederic, June 
14. 1827. mentioned below. 5. Emil)-. October 

7. T830. 

(\1I) George Frederic, son of Judge 
Samuel R. Betts. was born June 14, 1827. He 
graduated from Williams College in 1844 and 
studied at the Harvard Law School the next 
two years. He entered upon the practice of 
his profession in Newburgh, New "S'ork, in 
1850. He was appointed clerk of the Lmited 
States district court in 1855 and held that 
office until 1873. He was lieutenant colonel of 
Hawkin's Zouaves in the civil war, and was 
with that regiment at the capture of Roanoke 
Island, February 8, 1862. He married. No- 



vember 19. 185 1. Elkn Porter, step-daughter 
of Hon. Charles Stoddard, of Boston. Chil- 
dren; I. Alary, born j\Iarch 23, 1853. died 
July 7, 1855. 2. Samuel Rosseter, November 
5, 1854, member of the firm of Betts, Sheffield 
Bentley & Betts, patent lawyers, 120 Broad- 
way. New York City. 3. Amy Ellen, Septem- 
ber 6, 1858, married, December 22, 1883, John 
Addison Porter : three children : Constance 
h-laine Porter, born August 25. 1885 : Agnes : 
Josephine Earl. 4. Fanny Johnson, January 
29, 1867, married \\''olcott Howe Johnson (see 
Johnson \'ni). S- Georgiana, November i ^. 

This name has been spelled Ex- 
DEXTER cester, Dexcestre, Dexetier, 

Dectier, deExon, deExonia. de 
Exter. In England it was a family of great 
antiquity and of the peerage. It was a Devon- 
shire family, its chief seat being at Carrick- 
dexter. Richard de Excester was governor 
general and chief justice of Ireland in 1269. 
The heraldic bearings were : Or a tree, pend- 
ant therefrom two weights. The leading Dex- 
ters in America have been Samuel Dexter, the 
colonial statesman ; Franklin B. Dexter, edu- 
cator and author ; Rev. Dr. Henry M. Dexter ; 
Henry Dexter, the sculptor. 

(I) The Rev. Gregory Dexter was born at 
Olney, Northamptonshire, in 1610, learned 
the printer's trade in London and with a 
printer by the name of Coleman kept a sta- 
tioner's store. He was a Baptist preacher and 
the first transatlantic correspondent of Roger 
\\llliams of the Providence plantations. Greg- 
ory printed the first edition of "Roger's Dic- 
tionary of the Indian Language" in 1643, a 
report of which is in the first volume of the 
Rhode Island Historical Societies reports. On 
Roger William's second visit to America Greg- 
ory Dexter came with him. He was one of 
the parties named in the charter and an assist- 
ant under authority granted in the charter. 
He was town clerk. He was the fourth pastor 
of the Baptist church and was very successful 
in this field of labor. He did not receive any 
salary for his services, but earned his living 
by the cultivation of land and the sweat of his 
brow as the Bible enjoins. He was the best 
printer in New England though he did not 
regularly persue this calling; he nevertheless 
assisted Air. Samuel Greene in Boston about 
some printing at the young college at Cam- 
bridge, Harvard. Mr. Dexter printed with 
his own hands the first almanac for Rhode 
Island. He was a very devout man, connected 

every day events with an over ruling Provi- 
dence. He was never known to laugh and 
rarely smiled. He was a good penman, had a 
fair knowledge of Latin and his services were 
much in demand in the young colony where 
mediocrity prevailed and few could write their 
own name. His advice was frequently sought 
in the stormy period of the struggling planta- 
tion. He attempted nothing in which he did 
not succeed. His first house was built of logs 
and was destroyed by the Indians, and the 
second one was near where William Rea after- 
wards lived. He died in 1700 and was interred 
a short distance from the junction of North 
Alain and Benefit streets on Constitution Hill. 
The name of his wife was Abigail. Their chil- 
dren were; Stephen, born 1647, James, 1650, 
lohn (mentioned below), Abigail, 1655 ; Peleg, 

(II) John, third son of Rev. Gregory and 
Abigail De.xter, was born in Providence, 1652. 
He settled on land owned by his father on 
what is now the Pawtucket turnpike, a little 
north of Hampton lane. It was owned by his 
descendants up to fifty years ago. He was the 
mainstay of his father in his old age of depend- 
ence and feebleness. He filled many public 
stations and always acceptably. He was elected 
twenty-one times to the general assembly and 
held some military commissions. After his 
death his widow married Governor Joseph 
Jencks. The name of his wife was Alice and 
they had the following children ; Stephen, born 
1689; James (mentioned below) : John, 1692; 
Alary, 1694 : Abigail, 1696 ; Sarah, 1698 ; Phebe, 
1700: Anna, 1702; Alice, 1705. 

(III) James, the second son of John and 
Alice Dexter, was born in Providence, 169 1. 
He was a farmer and resided on the east side 
of Scott's pond now Smithficld. He was a 
man of good abilities and considerable influ- 
ence. He was in the general assembly in 171 1- 
13-17, and was the youngest member ever 
elected thereto. He married Alary \A'hipple, 
born in Providence, 1692, and she was the 
mother of John, born 1718; James (men- 
tioned below); David, 1722; Anna, 1723; 
Alary, 1725; Hopestill, 1727. 

( IV) James (2), second son of James (i) 
and Alary (Whipple) Dexter, was born in 
Cumberland, Rhode Island, 1720. He was a 
farmer. He married Althea, daughter of T. 
Walker, of Seekonk. Alassachusetts. Chil- 
dren bv this union; Hope, born 1747: James, 
1749; 'Huldah, 1750; Olive, 1752: Alarcy, 
1754; Simeon, 1756; Eseck, 1758; Benjamin 
G., 1760; Nancv. 1761 ; Althea, 1764; Lucina, 



1766: Timothy W., who is the subject of the 
next paragraph. 

(V) Timothy W., youngest son of James 
(2) and Althea (Walker) Dexter, was born 
in Cumberland, 1768. He was a farmer. He 
married Sarah Messenger, of Wrentham, 
Massachusetts, born in 1770. Their children 
were: James M., born 1804; Benjamin G., 
1805: Eseck (referred to in the next para- 
graph) : Sarah Ann, 1814. 

(VI) Eseck, third son of Timothy W. and 
Sarah (Messenger) Dexter, was born in Cum- 
berland, 1807, died in Fond du Lac, Wiscon- 
sin. He lived in Boston and Brookfield, Mass- 
achusetts, Troy, New Hampshire, and at Fond 
du Lac. He married Elizabeth F. Hammond, 
of Seekonk. Their children were; Francis 
and Ferdinand A. 

(\TI) Ferdinand A., son of Eseck and 
Elizabeth F. (Hammond) Dexter, was born 
in Boston, and went to Fond du Lac with his 
parents when a mere child. After the death 
of his father he came east and lived in Brook- 
field. He was a painter by trade. He served 
in the civil war and was killed at the battle of 
BalTs Bluff. The grand army post of Brook- 
field was named after him. He married Ros- 
etta Sophronia Kendall. Their children were : 
.•\lbert Ferdinand, who lives in I\Iadison, Wis- 
consin ; Luzerne Halburg, who lives at Sun 
Prarie, Wisconsin ; Jenness K., who is the sub- 
ject of further notice. 

(VHL) Colonel Jenness Kendall, youngest 
son of Ferdinand A. and Rosetta S. (Ken- 
dall ) 'De-xter, was born in North Brookfield. 
He lived at Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, and at 
Minneapolis, Minnesota. He was educated at 
a Philadelphia military school and the Naval 
Academy at Annapolis to which he was 
appointed by President Grant. He came to 
Springfield, Massachusetts, and became a mem- 
ber of the firm of Dexter & Bowles, who deal 
in paper makers supplies. He is a Republican 
and served on Governor- Bates military stafif 
with the rank of lieutenant colonel, after- 
wards colonel. He served in the navy during 
the Spanish-American war, having been one 
of the first to enter the service, having been 
called by the government with three others, all 
naval graduates, to go to Philadelphia to 
inspect some vessels, among which was the old 
"Monitor," desired for use in the approaching 
war. This was in the beginning of April, 1898 ; 
he served until October following, being one 
of the last to retire from the service. He is 
one of the governor's trustees of the Hospital 
Cottage for Children at Baldwinsville, Massa- 

chusetts. He was the founder and for twelve 
years the commander of Company H, Massa- 
chusetts Naval Brigade. He is president of 
the Republican Club, vice-president of Nayas- 
set Club, having been the prime mover in the 
erection of its present beautiful home, and 
member of the Board of Trade. He is a mem- 
ber of the South Congregational Church, and 
masonically related. He is one of the most 
enterprising citizens of Springfield, always 
ready to promote anything for the welfare of 
the city. He married Henrietta Bailey, daugh- 
ter of Philip Wilcox, whose ancestry is traced 
herein. Children: i. Ernest Jenness, born in 
Holyoke, August 21, 1876, a graduate of the 
high school, now general agent for western 
Massachusetts of the Fidelity and Casualty 
Insurance Company of New York ; he married, 
June 17, 1908, Margery Augusta, daughter of 
Dexter Cooley, of Wets Warren, Massachu- 
setts. 2. Philip Wilcox, born August 6, 1880, 
died in infancy. 3. Courtland W., born No- 
vember 6, 1883, died March 3, 1902. 

(The Wilcox Line). 

Here is a family that has always exerted a 
large influence in public affairs in the nation, 
state and municipality. It runs to politicians, 
statesmen and jurists. The motherland of the 
\\'ilcox family is around Berlin, Aleriden, 
Middletown and Farmington in the state of 
Connecticut, and about every Wilcox in the 
United States traces his line back to that spot 
of earth which to them is a mecca. The grave- 
yards there are dotted thick with Wilcox head- 
stones. Among those of distinction may be 
mentioned Lloyd Wheaton Bowers, solicitor 
general of the United States under President 
Taft. Others of note were the Hon. Leonard 
Wilcox, chief justice of New Hampshire, and 
the Hon. Preston B. Plumb, United States 
senator from Kansas. 

(I) Daniel Wilcox came from England in 
1632 and settled first at Middletown, Connecti- 
cut, moving thence to Berlin, that state. 

(II) Daniel (2), son of Daniel (i) Wilcox, 
lived at Berlin. He had nineteen children and 
at his death left two hundred and eighty-two 
children, grandchildren and great-grandchil- 
dren. He died a nonagenarian and on his 
tombstone is this inscription. 

"I gave this ground, I am laid here first, 
Soon my remains will turn to dust; 
A stranger pause as you pass by 
As I am now soon you must be." 

(IV) Stephen, grandson of Daniel (2) Wil- 
cox, gave each of his sons a farm and built a 



house on each. These farms are now in pos- 
session of his descendants. He was in the 

(V) Stephen (2),, son of Steplien (i) Wil- 
cox, married Lucy Plumb: child, Philip. 

(\T) Philip, son of Stephen (2) and Lucy 
(Plumb) Wilcox, was born in East Berlin, 
Connecticut, September 21, 1800, died in 
Springfield in 1842. He came to Springfield 
in 1823 and started a tinware store on State 
street. The Wilcoxs were the first to manu- 
facture stoves in Springfield. Mr. Wilcox was 
very much interested in the construction of 
the Boston and Albany railroad. He was 
interested in all enterprises tending to build 
up and beautify Springfield. He was a mem- 
ber of the Hampden Mechanics' Association, 
and of the South Congregational Church of 
which he was one of the original trustees and 
to which he gave liberally for the erection of 
the church edifice and to other eleemosynary 
work. In his death in middle life Springfield 
lost one of its enterprising and esteemed citi- 
zens, a man of the strictest integrity in all his 
business relations and uniformly respected by 
all who knew him. He married Eliza, daugh- 
ter of Bani Parmalee, of Middletown, Con- 
necticut. Her grandmother was Esther Burr 
whose line is taken up in this work. Children : 
I. \\'illiam L., married Emily Collins. 2. Eliza 
P., married Charles M. Lee. 3. John P., mar- 
ried (first) Hattie Russell; (second) Nettie 
\\'illis. 4. Henrietta Bailey, married Jenness 
K. Dexter. 

(The Burr Line). 

Pride of lineage is most commendatory. It 
is old as the race itself. The genesical record 
is full of filial references. Mohammed and 
Confucius inculcate the principle repeatedly of 
respecting ones forebears. One of the most 
solemn oaths taken in the East is that sworn 
to by the tombs of ancestors. A Scotch loves 
to that his fathers fed their "flocks on 
the grampian hills." It is from such feelings 
of reverence for the past that genealogy has 
become an applied science. Names imprisoned 
in Domesday Book, known only to the monkish 
antiquary, or names relegated to the cobwebbed 
sanctums of the vital statician, are now circu- 
lated as popular literature. It is said that 
there is not a village in Normandy that has 
not surnamed a family in England. To the 
village of Beur in the Netherlands the family 
of Burr owes its name. It is an important and 
honored family and has played a conspicious 
part in the political, ecclesiastical and educa- 
tional afifairs of the nation. 

(I) With W'inthrop's fleet early in 1630 
came to the New World Jehue Burr and he 
was the first of his race in this country. He 
settled first at Roxbury, Massachusetts, and 
was admitted a freeman in 1632. In 1635 he 
and his wife were made members of the church 
in Roxbury and in the same year he was 
appointed overseer of roads and bridges be- 
tween Boston and Roxbury. The same year 
he was appointed one of a committee to make 
a cart-bridge over Muddy river and over Stony 
river. The settlers had often heard from their 
friends, the Indians, of the rich valley lands 
of the Connecticut, several days journey, and 
early in the spring of 1636 William Pynchon, 
Jehue Burr and others with their families and 
effects set out on a journey through the wilder- 
ness to this land of promise. The women and 
children performed the journey on horseback 
and the men on foot. They followed a blazed 
path through the forests until at last they 
issued forth upon the banks of the welcome 
Connecticut. Here they built their village 
which they called Agawam and which in our 
day has expanded into the flourishing city of 
Springfield, and of this city Jehue Burr was a 
founder. On June 15, 1636, the Indian deed 
of the land signed by the chiefs was given to 
Pynchon, Burr and Smith, and to this instru- 
ment Burr's name is affixed and the same may 
be seen at the city records. Burr was a lead- 
ing spirit in the community and was probably 
the first tax gatherer in the Connecticut valley. 
In 1644 he removed to Fairfield, Connecticut, 
and the next year was elected to represent 
that town in the general court and again in 
1646. In 1643 he was appointed a commis- 
sioner to collect funds in Fairfield for poor 
scholars at Cambridge College. In 1660 he 
was grand juror. No record of his marriage 
or death has been found. He left four sons: 
Jehue, John, Daniel and Nathaniel. 

(II) "jehue (2), eldest son of Jehue (_i) 
Burr, was born in England about 1625, died 
in Fairfield in 1692. His first important ven- 
ture was the purchase of Weantenock, an ex- 
tensive tract of land lying on both sides of the 
Housatonic river and comprising the present 
township of New Milford. In 1670 he was 
returned as deputy from Fairfield to the gen- 
eral court and again in 1673. Early in the 
summer of this year occurred the seizure of 
New York and adjacent territory by the Dutch 
and their threatened demonstration on Con- 
necticut. The Connecticuters stoutly prepared 
to defend themselves from this invasion and 
Tchue Burr was commissioned lieutenant m 



the Fairfield train band raised for this purpose. 
In 1691 he was deputy from Fairfield. He 
was appointed commissioner for Fairfield in 
1678-79-80-81-82-83-84-85-86-87-89. At the 
general court in 1691 he introduced a bill 
which shows him to have been a patron of 
learning and keenly alive to the importance 
of schooling. He was really the originator of 
the present school system in Connecticut. He 
married (first) Mary, daughter of Andrew 
Ward, of Fairfield, and they have two chil- 
dren: Daniel (mentioned hereafter) and 
Esther. He married (second) Esther, widow 
of Joseph Boosey, of West Chester, Connec- 
ticut. Their children were : Peter, Samuel, 
Elizabeth. Sarah, Joanna, Abigail and Mary. 

(HI) Daniel, son of Jehue (2) and Mary 
(^^'ard) Burr, was born in Fairfield, Connecti- 
cut ; died there in 1722. The name of his wife 
is ^ unknown. Children : Jehue, Stephen 
(mentioned hereafter), Peter, Elizabeth, Han- 
nah, Jane, Alary, David, Moses, Aaron, who 
was the founder of Princeton University and 
the father of Vice-President Aaron Burr. 

(IV) Stephen, second son of Daniel Burr, 
was born in Fairfield, and baptized October 
3, 1698. He early settled in Redding, Con- 
necticut. At a society meeting held there 
October 11, 1730, he was elected one of the 
committee for that year and chosen deacon in 
1733. In 1749 he was made lieutenant of the 
military company, and in 1 75 1 appointed by 
the general court on a committee to repair to 
New jMilfcrd on the memorial of Isaac Bar- 
num and others asking for parish privileges. 
He married Elizabeth Hull, June 8, 1721. Chil- 
dren : I. Grace, born December 12, 1724. 2. 
Elizabeth, January 17, 1728. 3. Hezekiah, 
September I, 1730. 4. Sarah, November 9, 
1732. 5. Martha, March 24, 1735. 6. Reuben, 
November 2, 1739. 7. Esther, February 5. 
1743. 8. Rebecca. Esther, the seventh cliild, 
married Anthony Angevine. Their daughter. 
Charity Angevine, married Deacon Bani Par- 
melee, and their daughter, Eliza Parmelee, 
married Philip Wilcox and became the mother 
of Henrietta Bailey Wilcox, now Mrs. Jen- 
ness K. Dexter. 

John Frink, immigrant ancestor, 
FRIXK was born in England and was an 

early settler in Ipswich, Alassa- 
chusetts. He was doubtless a mariner and we 
know but little of him. He died early, leaving a 
will in which he made bequests to his two sons, 
George and John, and wife Mary. Children, 

probably born in England : i. John, mentioned 
below. 2. George. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Frink, was 
born about 1635, probably in England, and as 
early as 1666 settled at Stonington, Connecti- 
cut, and bought a tract of land at Taubwonk 
in Stonington and erected a dwelling house 
for himself and family. He was a soldier in 
King Philip's war. He married, in Taunton, 
1657, Grace Stevens, and presumably lived 
there for a time. He had three daughters when 
he came to Stonington. Children: i. Grace, 
born 1658, married, June, 1677, James Willet. 
2. Hannah, 1661, married, December 30, 1684, 
William Park. 3. Deborah, 1665, married, 
1686, Gershom Lambert. Born at Stonington : 
4. Samuel, February 14, 1668-69, married 
Hannah Miner. 5. John, May 18, 1671, men- 
tioned below. 6. Thomas, May 25, 1674, mar- 
ried Sarah Noyes. 7. Judith, baptized April 
15, 1680. 

(III) John (3), son of John (2) Frink, 
was born in Stonington, May 18, 1671, died 
there March 2, 1718. He married, February 
15, 1694, Hannah Prentice. Children, born at 
Stonington: i. John, October 7, 1694. 2. 
Nicholas, December 17, 1696, married Deborah 
Pendleton. 3. Thomas, January 15, 1700. 4. 
Hannah, November 27, 1701. 5. Zachariah, 
November, 1702, married Elizabeth Gallup. 6. 
Mary, 1705, baptized April 19, 1705. 7. Joseph, 
baptized June 6, 1708, married, June 12, 1732, 
Judith Palmer. 8. Benjamin, born January 
25, 1 7 10, mentioned below. 9. William, bap- 
tized Alarch 10, 1714. 10. Thankful, baptized 
February 8. 1716. 11. Esther, baptized Janu- 
ary 23, 1717. 

(IV) Benjamin, son of John (3) Frink, 
was born in Stonington, January 25, 1710. He 
married, January 12, 1732, Tacy Burdick, of 
Westerly, Rhode Island. Children, born at 
Stonington: I. John, October 26, 1732, men- 
tioned below. 2. Samuel, October 24, 1734, 
married, July 27, 1756, Prudence Wilcox. 3. 
Amos, January i, 1737, married Mary Fitch. 
4. Joseph, June 20, 1739. 5. Prentice, July 
31, 1741, married Desire Frink. 6. Prudence, 
March 18, 1744. 7. Tacy or Tracy (twin), 
September 22, 1748. 8. Ann (twin), Sep- 
tember 22, 1748. 9. Oliver, September 4, 


(\ ) John (4), son of Benjamin Frink, was 
born at "Stonington, October 26, 1732. He mar- 
ried, November 22. 1750, Anna Pendleton. Chil- 
dren, born at Stonington: i. John, Septem- 
ber 12, 1 75 1, mentioned below. 2. Giles, May 


C' ry^-<y\^ 



12, 1753, was of Springfield according to the 
census of 1790 and had four sons under six- 
teen and three females in his family. 3. Sarah, 
December 9. 1755. 4. Thomas, lived in Spring- 
field in 1790. Perhaps other children. John 
Frink, presumably John (5), was of West 
Springfield in 1790 and had two males over 
sixteen and two females in his family. 

(VI) John (5), son of John (4) Frink, was 
born at Stonington, September 12, 1751. He 
was a soldier in the revolution in Captain 
Robert Oliver's company. Colonel Greaton's 
(First Hampshire County) regiment in 1777- 
80. He was in the Major's company in 1780. 
In 1790 the census gives him one son under 
sixteen and five females in his family. 

(\TI) Luther, son or nephew of John (5) 
Frink, was born about 1772. He was living 
lit \\'est Springfield when he married (inten- 
tion dated February 21, 1794) Phebe Morgan. 
April 9, 1794. He was a prominent citizen of 
W'est Springfield, now- Holyoke, and for 
several terms served in the general court. He 
represented his district in state legislature. He 
was a farmer and his dwelling house on the 
old homestead was on the present site of the 
Parsons Paper Mill, now Holyoke, Massachu- 
setts. Children: i. Orra, born October 5, 
1795. 2. Cyrus, mentioned below. 3. Sarah. 
4. Mary. 5. James. 6. Henry. 

( \ in ) Cyrus, son of Luther Frink. was 
born in \\^est Springfield, August 14. 1802. 
He succeeded to the farm of his father in his 
native town. He organized the first stock 
company to erect and operate paper mills at 
Holyoke, and was also very prominent in 
public affairs. He married Louisa Ely. born 
in West Springfield, now Holyoke. Children : 
Orra L. and Cyrus L. Orra L. married Carlos 
P.ardwell, lived in South Hadley Falls, and had 
three children: Hattie Louisa. Alonzo F., 
Mabel E. 

(IX) Cyrus Luther, son of Cyrus Frink, 
was born in West Springfield, on the home- 
stead, October 26, 1838, and died in Holyoke, 
September 2, 1900. He received his early edu- 
cation in the public schools of his native town 
and at Sufifield, Connecticut. After leaving 
school, he learned the business of manufac- 
turing paper in the mills of the Parsons Paper 
Company at Holyoke. He began the manufac- 
ture of envelopes on his own account and 
established an excellent business. He received 
an attractive ofifer and sold this business, then 
began the manufacture of tissue paper in the 
old Mount Tom mill, but after a time he dis- 
covered the opportunities for profit rather 

limited and sold his business. He was made 
selling agent for a number of chemicals and 
other materials connected with the paper mills 
and he found this employment both agreeable 
and profitable, continuing in it until his final 
retirement from active business. He was a 
Republican in politics, and a member of the 
Baptist church, in which he exhibited the same 
energy and interest that he displayed in busi- 
ness, serving in the capacity of trustee, treas- 
urer and clerk at various times, and for many 
years superintendent of the Sunday school and 
leader of the choir. He took active interest in 
all matters of public welfare, and was an influ- 
ential citizen in every sense of the word, and 
no man was more highly respected than he. 
He was generous and charitable, contributing 
of his substance to those in need and distress, 
and his memory will be held in grateful remem- 
brance by many wdiom he assisted in a sub- 
stantial manner. He married, June 4, 1862, 
Emily Parks, born December 18, 1839, daugh- 
ter of Nathan and Helen J. (Hadley) Parks. 
She survives her husband. 

(The Morgan Line). 

The genealogy of the Morgan family has been 
traced recently by George T. Clark, antiquary, 
from remote Welsh ancestors. He gives six- 
teen generations of Morgan ancestors of Miles 
Morgan, of Springfield, the immigrant. It is 
so seldom that English and American genea- 
logies can be so successfully united, that Amer- 
ican Morgans may well take pride in their 
Welsh ancestry. 

(I) Cadivor-Fawr married Elen, daughter 
and heir to Llwch Llawen. 

(II) Bleddri. third son, witnessed a Berk- 
erolles grant of Bassalleg to Glastonbury and 
was probably a land owner in those parts. He 
bore arms : Argent three bull's heads cabossed 
sable, The ordinary coat-of-arms of the Mor- 
gans has long been : Or, a griffin sergeant 
sable, but some branches have used Cadivor 
and others Bleddri. Morgans of Pencoyd 
bore : Argent a lion rampant gardant sable 
between two cantons : the dexter, or, a griffin 
sergeant sable ; the sinister, Bleddri. The 
Llantarnam Morgans bore the griffin on a field 
argent. The descendants of Ivor Howel used 
Bleddri but inserted a chevron between the 
bull's heads. The Lewises of St. Pierre used 
the Dadivor lion, and the griffin for a crest. 
Bleddri is said to have married Clydwen, 
daughter of Griffith ap Cydrich ap Gwaeth- 

(III) Ivor, who married Nest, daughter of 



Caradoc ap j\Iodoc ap Idnerth ap Cadwganap 
Elystan Gloddrydd. 

(IV) Llewelyn, married Lleici, daughter of 
Griffith ap Beli. 

(V) Ivor, married Tanglwsy, daughter of 
Homel Sais ap Arglwydd. 

(VT) Llewelyn Lleia, married Susan, daugh- 
ter of Howel Sais, a first cousin. 

(VH) Ivor. 

(VIII) Llewelyn ap Ivor, of Tredegar, 
Lord of St. Clear, married Angharad, daugh- 
ter of Sir Morgan ap Meredith, from the 
Welsh lords of Carleon ap Griffith ap Mere- 
dith ap Rhys, who bore arms : Argent, a lion 
rampant sable. Sir JNIorgan died 1332, when 
Angharad was aged thirty-two years. Chil- 
dren: I. Morgan. 2. Ivor Hael, whence Mor- 
gan of Gwern-y-Cleppa. 3. Philip, whence 
Lewis of St. Pierre. 

( IX ) Morgan, of Tredegar and St. Clear, 
married JMaud, daughter of Rhun ap Grono ap 
Llwarch. Lord of Cibwr. He died before 1384. 
Children: i. Llewelyn. 2. Philip, whence 
Morgan of Langstone. 3. John, father of 
Gwenllian, who married David Goch ap David. 

4. Christian, married Jevan ap Jenkins Kemeys. 

5. Ann, married David Gwilim David, of Rhiw- 
perra. 6. Margaret, married Traherne ap 
Meyric, of Merthyr. 7. Daughter, married 
Thomas ap Gwillim, of Carnllwyd. 8. Elenor, 
married Grono ap Howel Bennet. 

(X) Llewelyn ap Morgan, of Tredegar and 
St. Clear, living 1387, married Jenet, daughter 
and heir of David-vychan ap David of Rhy- 
dodyn, 1384-87. Children: i. Jevan. 2. 
Christy, married Madic ap Jevan, of Gelligaer. 
3. Daughter, married Roger ap Adam, of St. 
Mellon's. 4. Daughter, married Madoc, of 
Bassalleg. 5. Daughter, married Thomas 
Llewelyn. 6. Ann, married John ap Jenkin. 

7. married , of Raglan. 8. 

married Bulith. 

(XI) Jevan Morgan, 1415-48. married 
Denise or Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas ap 
Llewelyn-vychan, of Llan gattog-on-Usk. Chil- 
dren : I. John. 2. David, 1442-48. 3. Jenkin. 

(XII) Sir John Morgan, Knight of the 
Sepulchre, 1448, Stewart of Gwentlloog, mar- 
ried Jenet, daughter and co-heir of John ap 
David Mathew, of Llandafif. Children: i. 
]\Iorgan. 2. Thomas, whence Morgan of 
Machen and Tredegar. 3. John, whence a 
branch. 4. Lewis, 1491. 5. William Morgan, 
coroner. 1 501, father of John of New- 
port, died 1541, father of William, 1541-1559. 

6. Philip, 1491. 7. Elizabeth, married John 

Fiennes, Lord Clinton and Say. 8. Jane, mar- 
ried Thomas Llewelyn-vychan, of Rhiwperra. 
10. Isabella, married James Kemeys' of Began, 
died 1591. 

(XIII) Thomas Morgan, second son, was 
of Machen ; esquire of the body to Henry VII ; 
living 1538; married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Roger \'aughan, of Borthaml. Children: i. 
Rowland Reymold, whence Morgan of Llan- 
vedw. 2. John, whence Morgan of Bassalleg. 
3. Edmond, whence ]\Iorgan of Penllwyn- 
Sarth. 4. Margaret, married John Kemeys 
and William Edmunds. 5. Barbara, married 
Sir Henry Seymour. 6. Maud, married John 
ap Rosser. 7. Jane, married William Gunter, 
Richard ap Jenkins, and William \ aughan, of 
Magor. 8. Constance, married William Jones, 
of Treoen. 9. Mary, married Edward Will- 
iams and Richard Herbert. 10. Elizabeth, 
married Edward James. 

(XIV) Rowland Morgan, of Machen, 1517- 
y-j, married Blanch, daughter of John Thomas, 
of Llanarth. Settlement, November 11, 1517; 
sherifif, 1557. Children: i. Thomas. 2. Henry, 
whence Morgan of St. Mellons. 3. Catherine, 
married Thomas Mathew and Miles Morgan 
and Henry Jones. 4. Ann, married Philip 
Morgan, of Gwern-y-Cleppa. 5. Mary, mar- 
ried Thomas Lewis, of Rhiwperra. 6. Eliza- 
beth, married Edward Kemeys, of Cefn Mably. 

(XV) Thomas Morgan, of Machen and 
Tredegar and of the ^Middle Temple, 1567-77; 
sherifl:, 1581 : ]\I. P. for county in 1589; will, 
1663; married Elizabeth Bodenham, daughter 
of Roger. Children: i. Sir ^Villiam. 2. Ed- 
ward, 1586, married Elizabeth Thomas. 3. 
Sir John, died before 1610; married Florence 
Morgan, daughter and eventual heir of Will- 
iam ]\Iorgan, of the Friars. 4. David jNIorgan, 
whence a branch. 5. Blanch, married Edward 
Lewis, of \'an. 6. Catherine, married William 
Herbert, of Coldbrook. 7. Elizabeth, married 
William Jones, of Abergavenny. 8. Jane, mar- 
ried Rowland Morgan, of Bassalleg. 9. Eliz- 
abeth, married William Blethyn, of Dynham. 
10. ]\Iargaret. married Henry Williams, of 

(XVI) Sir William Morgan, of Tredegar 
knighted 1633; M. P. for the county 1623-25 
will made 1650, proved 1653; sherifif 1612 
aged ninety-three at death. He received 
Charles I at Tredegar, July 16 and 17, 1645 ; 
married (first) Elizabeth Winter, daughter of 
Sir \\'illiam ^^'inter, of Lidney ; (second) 
Bridget Morgan, daughter of Anthony Mor- 
gan, of Heyford, county Northampton, widow 
of Anthonv Morgan, of Llanvihangel Crucor- 



ney. Children of first wife: i. Thomas. 2. 
Edward, of Kilfengan, will proved February, 
1661 ; married Elizabeth James. 3. William, 
whence ]\Iorgan of Rhymy. 4. Rowland of 
Risca, will proved February, 1661 ; married 
Honora and had Colonel William Mor- 
gan; buried at Bassalleg, October 27, 1679. 5- 
John of the Temple, 1652. 6. JNIary, married 
George Lewis, of St. Pierre. 7. Blanch, mar- 
ried John Carne, of Ewenny. 8. Frances, mar- 
ried Charles Williams, of Llangibby. 9. Mary, 
single; will 1687. 10. Elizabeth, married Will- 
iam JNIorgan, and died 1638. By the second 
wife: II. Sir Anthony, of Kilfengan, died 

s. p. 12. ]\Iary, married Farmer, of 


(XVH) Elizabeth Morgan, daughter of Sir 
William Morgan, of Tredegar, married Will- 
iam Morgan, merchant of Diveru ; went to 
Bristol, England, in 1616. She died 1638 and 
her husband in 1648. Both are buried in 
Bristol. Child: Miles, born 1616; mentioned 

(XVni) Miles Morgan, the immigrant an- 
cestor, was born probably in Llandorff, Gla- 
morgan county, Wales, in 161 6. He was named 
perhaps after Miles Morgan, captain of Brit- 
ish army who perished with Sir Humphrey 
Gilbert, half brother of Sir Walter Raleigh. 
He removed to Bristol, England, a few years 
before he came to America. He came to Bos- 
ton. ^Massachusetts, in April, 1636, with his 
two brothers. The eldest, James, settled in 
New London, Connecticut ; John went to Vir- 
ginia and Miles joined the colonists and became 
one of the founders of Springfield, Massachu- 
setts. Next to Colonel Pynchon, he was the 
most important and useful man in the Spring- 
field colony. He was made second in com- 
mand though he was the youngest of the com- 
pany. He was the only pioneer, in fact, who 
was less than twenty-one years of age when 
admitted. He drew land for his home lot on 
the south side of the Ferry lane. At present 
the site of the original Morgan dwelling house 
is occupied by the repair shop of the Connecti- 
cut River railroad. He was a brave and 
intrepid Indian fighter in the frequent conflicts 
on the frontiers. In 1675, in King Philip's 
war, the Morgan house was attacked by the 
Indians, but so bravely was it defended by 
Miles Morgan and his sons, that the Indians 
retired after an unsuccessful siege. Peletiah 
Morgan, one of these sons, was killed the 
following year at what is now Chicopee. In 
civil life Colonel Pynchon was the grocer and 
Miles Morgan the' butcher. He was a wise 

counsellor and a sturdy tiller of the soil. A 
handsome monument was erected at Spring- 
field in 1879 i" testimony of the services of 
Miles Morgan in settling the town, govern- 
ing the colony, fighting the Indians in 1675 
when Springfield was sacked and burned and 
many of the little colony killed. He died Alay 
28, 1699, aged eighty-four. He married, about 
1643, Prudence Gilbert, who died November 
14, 1660. He married (second) February 15, 
1669, Elizabeth Bliss. Children: i. Mary, 
born December 14, 1644. 2. Jonathan, Sep- 
tember 16, 1646. 3. David, July 23, 1648. 4. 
Peletiah, Alay 17, 1650, killed 1675; unmar- 
ried. 5. Isaac, March 12, 1652. 6. Lydia, 
February 8, 1654. 7. Hannah, February 11, 
1656. 8. Mercy, May 18, 1658. Child of 
second wife: 9. Nathaniel, June 14, 1671, 
mentioned below. 

(XIX) Nathaniel Morgan, son of Miles 
Morgan, was born June 14, 1671, in Spring- 
field. At the age of nineteen he married, Jan- 
uary 19, 1691. Hannah Bond, who died June 
7, 1751. He lived on the west side of the 
river, in ^^'est Springfield, on what is now 
Chicopee street. The lot is at present owned 
by N. Loomis, on the east side of the street. 
He died August 30, 1752, aged eighty-one 
years. Children: i. Nathaniel, born Febru- 
ary 16, 1692. 2. Samuel, 1694, died December, 
1699. 3. Ebenezer, 1696. 4. Hannah, 1698. 
5. Miles, 1700. 6. Joseph, December 3, 1702, 
mentioned below. 7. James, 1705. 8. Isaac, 
1708, died November 7, 1796. 9. Elizabeth, 

(XX) Joseph Morgan, son of Nathaniel 
Morgan, was born at Springfield, December 
3, 1702, died November 7, 1773. In 1751 he 
removed to West Springfield, when there were 
but seven or eight families there, and cleared 
land for a farm. He married, in May, 1735, 
Mary -Stebbins, born July 6, 1712, died De- 
cember 7, 1798, daughter of Benjamin Steb- 
bins. Children: I. Joseph, born February 19, 
1736, married Experience Smith, ancestor of 
James Pierpont Morgan through Captain 
Joseph, Joseph, Junius Spencer, J. Pierpont. 
2. Titus, died voimg. 3. Titus, July 19, 1740, 
married Sarali Morgan. 4. Lucas, February 
26, 1743, mentioned below. 5. Elizabeth, De- 
cember 23, 1745, married Thomas White. 6. 
Judah (twin), March 22, 1749, married Eliz- 
abeth Sliway. 7. Jesse (twin), March 22, 
1749, married Mercy Stebbins. 8. Hannah, 
November 29, 1751, married John Legg. 

(XXI) Lucas "Morgan, son of Joseph Mor- 
gan, was born February 26, 1743, and married 



( first ) Tryphena Smith ; ( second ) Betsey 

. Children of first wife: I. Electa, 

born January 30, 1770, married, January, 1793, 
Titus Wells Tuttle; (second) November, 1800, 
Lemuel Fairfield. 2. Roswell, November 15, 
1771. 3. Phebe, July 27, 1774, married, April 
9, 1794, Luther Frink (see Frink family). 4. 
Theodore, November 19, 1778, married Abi- 
gail JNIanning, of Salem. 5. Alexander, Au- 
gu':t 21, 1780. 6. Sophia, June i. 1784, died 
February 25, 1787. 7. Luther, July 23, 1786, 
died January 29, 1808. 8. Mary Theodosia, 
September 15, 1790, died September 6, 1804. 
Children of second wife: 9. Betsey, Septem- 
ber 24. 1795. 10. Lucas. August 3, 1798. 

John L. Hobbs was born at Sulli- 
HOBBS van's Lsland, South Carolina, of 
English parentage, soon after his 
father and mother came to this country. He 
lived in South Carolina in his youth, but 
removed to East Cambridge, jMassachusetts, 
when a young man. He was by occupation a 
glass manufacturer and in 1845 established a 
glass factory at Wheeling, West \Mrginia. He 
married Alary Paige, of Cambridge. Chil- 
dren: I. John Henry, born at East Cambridge, 
October 17, 1827, mentioned below. 2. INIary, 
1829, married Dr. Robert Hazlett : children: 
Howard. Robert, Samuel, Edward, Katherine 
Hazlett. 3. Catherine, East Cambridge, 1831, 
married on the same day as her sister ]\Iary 
a cousin of Dr. Hazlett, Dr. James Cummings ; 
she died soon after the birth of her only child, 
who also died. 4. Eliza, East Cambridge. 1833, 
married John Rinehart ; children : Walter, 
Frank, Etta, married Jasper Baum ; Louisa, 

married Hinckley. 5. John, killed by 

accidental discharge of a gun while at target 

(H) John Henry, son of John L. Hobbs, 
was born at East Cambridge, October \f, 1827. 
He was educated in the public schools of his 
native town. At the age of seventeen he went 
to \Mieeling, West Virginia, with his father 
to engage in the manufacture of glass. The 
business was successful and has continued to 
the present time under the firm name of Hobbs, 
I'.rockunier & Company. The concern manu- 
factured fancy glass of all kinds and took out 
some twenty valuable patents, mainly on 
designs. j\lr. Hobbs himself patented various 
chandelier designs etc. The plant consists of 
four large buildings containing the various de- 
partments of the business. The glass house 
was a hundred by a hundred and fifty feet in 
dimensions. Another building was the 

machinery department where the iron moulds 
were made, forty by fifty feet. The cutting 
shop where the glass was worked into shape 
was fifty by one hundred, two stories high. The 
office building is three stories in height. The 
plant is alongside the Baltimore & Ohio rail- 
road, and has a practically inexhaustible supply 
of bituminous coal on the premises. Indeed, 
the location was originally chosen because of 
the coal deposits within thirty feet of the 
factory. The goods manufactured in this 
factory were shipped to all parts of the world 
and for many years the house had the largest 
business in its line in the country, and was 
known to the trade throughout the world. 
This concern won diplomas and medals at the 
exposition at Sydney, Australia, and later at 
]\Ielboume, in competition with the whole 
world. The firm also won premiums at the 
Centennial Exhibition at Philadelphia. The 
firm always enjoyed the highest reputation for 
the quality of their goods and for fair deal- 
ing and integrity. Mr. Hobbs retired from the 
business in 1895, after fifty years of active 
and industrious application to business. Since 
1895 he has resided in Dorchester, ]\Iassachu- 
setts. In politics he is a Democrat ; in religion 
a Universalist. He married, July 14, 1851, 
Marv A. Leech, born at Baltimore, Maryland, 
February 17, 1831, daughter of John and 
Jennie (Thompson) Leech. Children, born at 
"Wheeling: i. Helen F., April 14, 1852, mar- 
ried Theodore Phinney, son of Alajor Syl- 
vanus B. Phinney (see Phinney family here- 
with). 2. John Henry Jr., March 24, 1863, 
married Annie Moore ; educated at the Lindsey 
Institute ; now in the hardware business at 
Louisville, Kentucky, where he resides. 3. 
Charles L.. November, 1864, graduate of the 
Lindsey Institute, Wheeling; engaged in the 
glass business at Wheeling; married Bessie 
Hamilton; child, John Hamilton, born July 
10, 1889. 

(The Phinney Line). 

John Phinney, immigrant ancestor, was born 
in England. He came to Plymouth in New 
England in 1638. In the early records his 
name is spelled Finne}', Fenney, Fennye and 
Phinney. He was one of the proprietors of 
the town of Plymouth, December 2, 1639, and 
was admitted a freeman, August 20, 1644. He 
removed to Barnstable, where his descendants 
have been prominent to the present time. His 
wife Christian died September 9, 1649. and he 
married (second) at Barnstable, July 9 or 
June 10, 1650, Abigail Coggin (or Cogan), 
widow of Flenry Coggin. She was buried May 


7, 1653. He received a letter, dated at Burd- 
port (Bridport), England, April 10, 1654, from 
his father-in-law, Thomas Bishop, asking him 
to send to him Abigail Coggin, his grandchild, 
to Weymouth to his daughter Mrs. Sarah 
Lydds in Milcomb and requesting him to care 
for the other grandchildren, Thomas and 
Henry Coggin. Henry Coggin was a wealthy 
merchant and "adventurer" (promoter). Mr. 
Phinney married (third ) June 26, 1654, Eliza- 
beth Bayley, of Branstable. He was constable 
at Barnstable. He became interested in that 
fertile region about Mount Hope aijd thither 
he removed in his later years. 'Mother 
Phinney," doubtless his mother, died at 
Plymouth, April 22, 1650, aged upwards of 
eighty. His brother Robert settled also at 
Plymouth, where he was a town ofificer and 
deacon; married, September i, 1641, Phebe 
Ripley ; died January 7, 1687-88, aged eighty, 
and in his will bequeathed to the children of 
his brother John and others, having no sur- 
viving children. Child of first wife : I.John, 
born at Plymouth, December 24, 1638, men- 
tioned below. Children of third wife: 2. 
Jonathan, August 14, 1655. 3. Robert, August 
13, 1656, lost his life in Governor Phipps expe- 
dition in i6go. 4. Hannah, September 2. 1637, 
married Ephraim Morton. 5. Elizabeth, March 
15, 1659. 6. Josiah, January 11, 1661. mar- 
ried, January ig, 1688, Elizabeth Warren. 7. 
Jeremiah, August 15, 1662. 8. Joshua, Decem- 
ber. 1665. 

(H) John (2), son of John (i) Phinney, 
was born in Plymouth, December 24, 1638, 
and was baptized in Barnstable, July 31, 1653. 
He married, at Barnstable, August 10, 1664, 
Alary Rogers. Children, born at Barnstable: 

I. John, [May 5, 1665. 2. Melatiah, October, 
1666, died 1667. 3. Joseph, January 28, 1668. 
4. Thomas, January, 1672. 5. Ebenezer, Feb- 
ruary 8, 1674. 6. Samuel, November 4, 1676. 
7. Alary, September 3, 1678. 8. Mercy. July 
10, 1679. 9. Reliance, August 27, 1681. 10. 
Benjamin, June 18, 1682, mentioned below. 

II. Jonathan, July 30, 1684. 12. Hannah, 
March 28, 1687, died young. 13. Elizabeth, 
baptized May 10, 1691. 

(HI) Benjamin, son of John (2) Phinney, 
was born at Barnstable, June 18, 1682. He 
married Martha Crocker. Children, born at 
Barnstable: i. Temperance, born 1710. 2. 
Melatiah, 1712. 3. Barnabas, 1715. 4- Silas, 
1718. 5. Zaccheus. 1720, mentioned below. 
6. Seth, 1723. 

(I\") Zaccheus, son of Benjamin Phinney, 
was born at Barnstable in 1720. He married 

Susanna Davis. Children, born at Barnstable : 
I. Benjamin, 1744, died 1843; father of Dr. 
Elias Phinney who settled in Le.xington, Mass- 
achusetts, noted agriculturist and author, clerk 
of courts in Middlesex county. 2. Timothy, 
1746, mentioned below. 3. Barnabas, 1748! 

(V) Deacon Timothy, son of Zaccheus 
Phinney, was born in Barnstable in 1746. Dur- 
ing his long life, extending beyond fourscore 
years and ten, Deacon Phinney was prominent 
in civil and church affairs. ' He held for a 
time the office of high sheriff of Barnstable 
county and was deputy sheriff many years. He 
was state senator in 181 1. He built the house 
■ lately owned by the heirs of Ebenezer Bacon. 
George Phinney, his grandson, wrote: "His 
grave and dignified bearing is still among the 
recollections of some now living, whose 
memories yet retain the picture of the high 
pulpit with its sounding board, the church 
official seated below facing the audience, and 
the square pews, while they still hear in imagi- 
nation the bang of the hinge-swinging wooden 
seats, raised for the convenience of a standing 
position during prayer. To him was given 
length of days and, the respect of his towns- 
men, which he held to the close of life." He 
married Temperance Hinckley, a descendant 
of Thomas Hinckley, of Barnstable, for years 
governor of Plymouth colony and subsequently 
elevated to the same office after the annexation 
of Plymouth to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. 
He was a soldier in the revolution, first lieu- 
tenant in Captain Ebenezer Lothrop's com- 
pany, commissioned April 21, 1776, later under 
Colonel Nathaniel Freeman. This was an 
artillery company { Alatrosses). Children, 
born at Barnstable: i. Timothy, June 13, 
1784, mentioned below. 2. Nancy, married 
Deacon John Munroe ; she died in 1881 in her 
eighty-eighth year. 

(\T) Timothv (2), son of Deacon Timo- 
thy ( I ) Phinney, was born at Barnstable, June 
13, 1784, died September 28, 1883, lacking but 
a few months of a century. He was buried in 
the burying ground just west of the church 
on Meeting-house hill in his native town. He 
lived in Barnstable all his life, a farmer. He 
married Olive Gorliam Bourne, of Barnstable, 
daughter of Melatiah and Olive (Gorham) 
Bourne, granddaughter of Melatiah and Mary 
(Bayard) Bourne. The family has preserved 
a certificate signed by John Hancock and six 
other selectmen of Boston testifying that 
Melatiah Bourne Sr. "is a gentleman of char- 
acter and- has lived in this town from his 
youth and is esteemed for his attachment to 



the civil and religious liberties of his country." 
The town of Bourne is named for a prominent 
member of the Bourne family. Children of 
Timothy and Olive Gorham (Bourne) Phin- 
ney: i'. Sylvanus B., born October 27, 1808, 
mentioned below. 2. ]\Iary Bourne,' married 
Josiah Walcott, of Roxbury, Massachusetts. 
3. George, editor of the Waltham Free-Press, 
Waltham, Massachusetts. 4. T. Warren, set- 
tled in Bolinas, California. 

(VII) Major Sylvanus Bourne, son of 
Timothy (2) Phinney, was born in Barnstable, 
October 27, 1808, in the building later occu- 
pied by the Sturgis library. He died at the 
age of ninety-two. Before the close of the 
war of 1812 he was a passenger with his father 
on board a packet sloop commanded by Cap- 
tain Howes, plying between Barnstable and 
Boston in 1814, when the packet was fired 
upon by the British frigate "Xymph'" in ]Mass- 
achusetts Bay, captured and burned with all 
the cargo. He was taken prisoner with the 
others and confined for some time. He re- 
ceived his education in the common schools of 
his native town, and at an early age served an 
apprenticeship in the printing office of Hon. 
Nathan Hale, publishers of the Boston Adver- 
tiser. Rev. Dr. Edward Everett Hale, son of 
Nathan, wrote an interesting letter for publi- 
cation in a brief biography of Major Phinney 
published on the occasion of his eightieth 
birthday. In this letter he has the kindest 
words to say of his father's apprentice who 
had continued his life-long friend. 'Tndeed" 
he says "my first association with a world 
larger than the nursery is connected with "Syl- 
vanus," as we used to call you in those days ; 
and from that hour to this, the name Sylvanus, 
and, strange to say, the name Sylvester, has 
always been a pleasant name. I owe it to you, 
that 1 have always tried to make out the popes 
of the name of Sylvester a better series of 
popes than the general series which surrounded 
them. If any of them take any comfort from 
mv good opinion, they owe it to you. * * 
In after-days, our home associations with 
Barnstable were all connected with yourself. 
I dare say you have forgotten, but I have not, 
that you and Mrs. Phinney interested your- 
selves in the ladies' movement for the com- 
pletion of Bunker Hill Monument, which 
began, I think, about the year 1835. But, 
indeed, my dear Major Phinney, you know 
perfectly well, though you will be too modest 
to say so., that you have interested yourself in 
every good thing which has been done in the 

Old Colony from the time when the English 
took you prisoner down to this present day." 

On completion of his apprenticeship. Major j 
Phinney took charge of the Barnstable Journal, I 
the first number of which was published by 
N. S. Simpkins, October 10, 1828, and con- 
tinued in this position until June, 1830, when . 
he established the Barnstable Patriot. While 1 
foreman of the Journal printing office he ] 
printed from stereotype plates two large edi- 
tions of the English Reader. The first num- 
ber of the Patriot was dated June 26, 1830, 
and he continued its editor and proprietor for 
nearly forty years. His valedictory was pub- 
lished January 26, 1869. The history of that 
forty years was written in the Barnstable 
Patriot. He planned an independent newspaper 
devoted to the interests of Cape Cod and open 
for the free discussion of religion, politics and , 
other public questions. "Though obliged to , I 
contend against weighty and angry odds, we ! 
made steady headway from the first ; and 
increasing confidence in ourself was warranted 
by the public good-will which gathered to our. 
aid, and cheered us on to what years ago, we 
counted as absolute success. But the vicissi- 
tudes of such a career ! How great and how 
varied! How gratifying and joyous, how 
sad — oh, sometimes how sad — even amidst suc- 
cess, is the forty years' life of an editor and 
publisher in its current passing! How inde- 
scribable the retrospect from its close ! But 
the friendships we have made and enjoyed 
through our regular calling, they have been 
and remain a host, thank God ! The oppo- 
nents political, with whom we have exchanged 
the common, and sometimes uncommon severi- 
ties of our profession, we believe, with very 
few, and those insignificant, exceptions, have 
left nothing rankling to disturb their good-will 
towards us. * * "The second-hand press 
and old font of type with which we published 
the first Patriot, loaned us by our old master, 
the ITon. Nathan Hale of blessed memory, 
were brought to us by packet from Boston ; 
and our paper to print upon, the first winter, 
was transported therefrom upon stagecoach 
top. * * And may we not claim that in the 
enlightenment of the public sentiment, the 
difi^usion of liberal ideas, the softening of 
religious asperities, and the inculcation of 
Democratic principles in the county, the 
Patriot has been pre-eminently a pioneer and 
co-worker? In the cause of our country, in 
contest with her foreign foe or later, in that 
for her own unity and integrity, the Patriot 



was ever true to its name and its professions. 
And to the Democratic principles of govern- 
ment it has given constant support with all the 
efificiency it could command." Even to the 
present time the Patriot has continued the 
leading newspaper of Cape Cod and one of 
the best weeklies of the state. 

Major Phinney began his military career 
early in life, and when he was but twenty-two 
years old was commissioned major of the 
First Regiment of Massachusetts militia. He 
took part in the regimental reviews of 1832 
and 1833. During the civil war he supported 
the government heartily. He was appointed 
by Governor John A. Andrew a member of the 
committee of One Hundred and presented the 
Sandwich Guards, Company D, Third Regi- 
ment, Massachusetts Battalion, with a costly 
flag upon which was inscribed : "Our flag floats 
to-day not for party but for country." On 
visiting that regiment at Fortress Monroe in 
March, 1862. [Major Phinney was present at 
the memorable battle between the "Monitor" 
and "Merrimac." He cast his first vote for 
Andrew Jackson and remained a Democrat 
throughout his long life. He represented the 
town of Chatham in the constitutional conven- 
tion of 1853; was Democratic candidate for 
congress and councillor of the first district. 
He represented the first district in the Demo- 
cratic National conventions of 1844-53-57. He 
was elected councillor by the state senate to 
fill a vacancy. When he was candidate for 
councillor in 1882 he polled 9,922 votes, the 
largest Democratic vote ever before cast in 
that district. He was appointed collector of 
customs for the Barnstable district by Presi- 
dent Polk and held office through the adminis- 
trations of Polk, Pierce, Buchanan and John- 
son. During that time he disbursed for the 
government hundreds of thousands of dollars 
to the fishermen of Cape Cod under the Cod 
Fishing Bounty act of 1819 and was instru- 
mental in procuring from Congress an appro- 
priation of $30,000 for building the custom 
house and postoffice at Barnstable. He raised 
by subscription a sufficient amount of money 
for purchasing the grounds and building the 
Agricultural Hall, while president of the Barn- 
stable County Agricultural Society, in which 
he was always greatly interested. He repre- 
sented the society for twelve years in the state 
board of agriculture. For many years he held 
the office of vice-president of the New Eng- 
land Society. He was a pioneer in cranberry 
culture, the leading agricultural product of the 
Cape to-day. And he began the planting of 

pine trees to make use of the sandy and uncul- 
tivated lands of that section, furnishing an 
example that has been followed by many enter- 
prising farmers and land-owners. 

He was for seventeen years president and 
for twenty-five years a director of the Hyannis 
National and Yarmouth banks. He was secre- 
tary for many years of the Barnstable Savings 
Institution in the days of its prosperity, and in 
1870 was elected president of the Hyannis 
Savings Bank. H^e was prominent in the 
Unitarian church and for more than a score 
of years president of the Cape Cod Unitarian 
Conference. He was active in charity and 
good works to the extent of his means. In 
1883 he was appointed by Governor Benja- 
min F. Butler on the state board of health, 
lunacy and charity. He was in 1875 elected 
a trustee of Humboldt College (Iowa). The 
esteem in which he was held by those closely 
associated with him in office and business is 
shown by the presentation of a valuable silver 
service in 1861 when he retired as collector, 
and the occasion was taken by the speakers 
and afterward by the press to commend his 
able, efficient and satisfactory administration 
of his office. He was clerk of the Cape Cod 
Central railroad from its organization to the 
time of its consolidation with the Old Colony 
railroad in 1872, when he presided at a notable 
meeting of directors and leading citizens at 
Masonic Hall, Hyannis, at which a testimonial 
was presented to the retiring superintendent, 
Ephraim N. Winslow. Again, upon the re- 
tirement of Hon. Nyniphas Marston as judge 
of probate. Major Phinney presided at a pre- 
sentation of a similar testimonial. In 1862 he 
was chosen at a citizens' meeting of the town 
of Provincetown to represent its interests at 
a hearing in Washington on the fishery treaty 
then under consideration. 

Major Sylvanus B. Phinney married (first) 
in 1832, Eliza Cordelia Hildreth, daughter of 
Colonel Jonathan Hildreth, of Concord, Mass- 
achusetts. She died July, 1865, and he mar- 
ried (second) in October, 1866, Lucia Green, 
of Barnstable, youngest daughter of Hon. 
Isaiah L. Green, of Barnstable, who repre- 
sented the Barnstable district in congress and 
voted for the war of 1812. Children of first 
wife, born at Barnstable: I. Theodore, men- 
tioned below. 2. Robert, married Sarah Clough. 
3. Gorhani, married Ellen Jane Oakes Pratt, 
whose father was the largest iron manufac- 
turer in Boston : they reside at Allston in Bos- 
ton : children : Harry, Leslie, Nellie, married 
Dr. Tavlor and has two children. 4. Cordelia. 



(VIII) Theodore, son of Major Sylvaniis 
Bourne Phinney, was born in Barnstable. He 
was educated in the pubhc schools of Barn- 
stable : was engaged with his father on the 
Patriot from i860 to 1868; then went to 
Chicago where for one year he was engaged in 
the auction and commission business ; then went 
to \\'heeling and was engaged in the iron 
manufacturing business until 1892: then went 
to Boston and was engaged in the brokerage 
business until 1906; now (1909) a traveling 
salesman. He is a member of Barnstable 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, a Uni- 
tarian in religion and a Republican in politics. 
He married. June. 1873. Helen F. Hobbs, born 
at \\'heeling. West \'irginia, April 14. 1852, 
daughter of John Henry and Mary A. (Leech) 
Hobbs (see Hobbs family). Mrs. Phin- 
ney is a graduate of Mt. De Chantal Con- 
vent, ^^'heeling, class of 1870. They reside at 
79 Maple street, Maiden. They have one 
child, Mary, born at Wheeling, May 30, 1881, 
educated in private schools ; married J. Elliot 
Knowlton, born at ]\Ialden, graduate of ^laklen 
high school, class of 1893; in September, 1893, 
entered First National Bank at Alalden, and 
in February, 1908, was advanced to receiving 
teller, having served from 1898 to 1908 as 
bookkeeper ; he served as treasurer of Trin- 
itarian Congregational Society, which society 
is over two hundred and sixty years old, and 
is serving on several important committees in 
the church : he is a member of the Amphion 
Musical Club of ]\Ielrose and of the Kern- 
wood Club. During his spare moments he 
studied law, was admitted to the bar, August 
21. 1898, and is now practicing law. Mr. and 
Mrs. Knowlton has one child, Warren Put- 
nam, born at Maiden, May 4, 1908. 

The early records of the New 
WELLS England colonies contain men- 
tion of many persons of this 
name, who were settled at Boston, Lynn, Hat- 
field, Haddam, Ipswich, New London and 
Hartford. From the early progenitors 
descended a manly race who made records in 
the revolution. Nine who spelled their names 
Welles were patriot soldiers in the revolution 
in Massachusetts regiments, and one hundred 
and sixty whose name is spelled Wells. In the 
Connecticut organizations were five of the 
Welles branch and forty-seven of the Wells 
branch of the family. Other spelling of the 
name in revolutionary records are : Wailles, 
Wails, Wealls, \\'eels. Well, Walles. Wels, 
\\'ills and \\'olle. Prominent among the men 

of this name (Welles) was Governor Thomas 
of this sketch, Gideon, once secretary of the 
navy, and Edward R., an American bishop. 
Among those who use the simpler spelling of 
the name (Wells) are Henry T., a painter; 
H. G., a novelist; and Sir Thomas A., Baronet, 
a surgeon of note, all of England. In Amer- 
ica Horace and John D., men of rank in med- 

(I) Governor Thomas Welles. Of this 
prominent colonist of Connecticut, Savage 
says: "It is quite imcertain when he came 
from England, though ■ satisfactorily known 
that he brought three sons and three daugh- 
ters; equally certain is the name of his wife, 
though we can hardly doubt whether he 
brought one ; and. stranger still, is the uncer- 
tainty of his prior residence in Massachusetts, 
He had good proportion of the patents from 
Swampscott and Dover, which he sold, August, 
1648, to Christopher Lawson. We may then 
safely conclude that a person of his education 
and good estate had not come over the water 
before 1636, and that he staid so short a time 
at Boston, or Cambridge, as to leave no trace 
of himself at either, and he was established 
at Hartford before Governor Haynes left Cam- 
bridge. There is, indeed, a very precise tradi- 
tion of his coming with his father Nathaniel, 
in the fleet with Higginson, 1629, to Salem; 
but that is merely ridiculous." He is said to 
have been born at Essex, England, 1598. "He 
came to Boston, or vicinity, probably about 
1636 ; then, perhaps to Saybrook, Connecticut, 
thence 1637 or earlier to Hartford, thence 
1643 to Wethersfield," says Henry R. Stiles, 
in his excellent "History of Ancient Wethers- 
field. Connecticut," upon whom we have relied 
for much that is found in this sketch. Con- 
tinuing he says: "His name first appears in 
the Connecticut Colonial Records, as a mem- 
ber of that Court of Magistrates held at Hart- 
ford 28 March, 1636-7, which declared war 
against the Pequots ; and he was a magistrate 
from that time till his death. He was a mem- 
ber of the Court which issued the Funda- 
mental Orders, or Constitution, of 1639, the 
copy of which in the original manuscript 
volume of the Colonial Records, is in his 
handwriting. He was an original proprietor 
at Hartford — where his houselot was on the 
east side of the street now known as Governor 
street; he was appointed treasurer of the col- 
ony II April, 1639, held the office two years 
and was re-appointed 17 May. 1649, ^nd held 
it three years : from 1646 to 1649 he was 
secretary of the colony ; deputy governor 1654- 



6-7-9, acting governor in 1654. during Gov- 
ernor Hopkins" and also during Governor 
W'inthrop's abesences in England ; and gov- 
ernor in 1655 and 1658. He was frequently 
associated on important committees and in 
public affairs with Haynes, Ludlow, Mason 
and the other foremost men of the colony; 
rendered conspicuous services also, as a com- 
missioner 1649-1659, of the United Colonies, 
in effecting the union of the Connecticut and 
Xew Haven colonies, in 1643, for mutual pro- 
tection and benefit." At the last meeting of 
this body, at Hartford, 1659, Mr. Welles was 
requested "For the encouragement of the 
Indians at Wethersfield that attend I\Ir. Pier- 
son and refrain from Pawauging ( pow-wow- 
ing) and from labor on the Lord's day. Mr. 
Usher was ordered to deliver to Mr. Welles, 
Deputy Governor of Connecticut, six yards of 
trading cloth to be distributed to the principal 
Indians amongst them." In every detail of 
his public service he was distinguished for his 
uniform attention to his duties and the public 
interest. On the Hartford town records his 
name early appears ; in 1639-40, among the 
inhabitants who had rights in the undivided 
lands, was frequently on town committees for 
the division of lands and determining the pro- 
portions and bounds of the same : the settle- 
ment by boundary differences, and the division 
among the Hartford people of the lands east 
of the Great river. About 1643 or 1645 h^ 
removed to Wethersfield and bought Mr. John 
Plum's eighteen acre homestead. Later he 
bought the Swayne homestead (latterly occu- 
pied by General L. R. \\'elles ) and which he 
gave to his grandson. Captain Robert Welles. 
He also bought, 1655, from Robert Foote, the 
James Boosey homestead ; but he f esided on 
the Plum homestead. Thomas Welles died 
January 14, 1660. Governor Winthrop refers 
in a letter to j\Ir. Welles as "being very well 
at supper and dead before midnight." His 
remains now rest at Hartford. His will dated 
November 7, 1659, was probated April 11, 
1660. The inventory amounted to £1069 and 
two pence, and included books, English and 
Latin. Governor Welles married (first) in 
England, but nothing is known of the wife. 
He married (second) about 1646, Elizabeth 
Deming, widow of Nathaniel- Foote, also first 
settler of Wethersfield. She died July 28, 
1683, aged about eighty-eight years. The 
children, all bv first marriage were: Anne, 
John. Robert, Thomas, Samuel, Sarah, Mary 
and Joseph. 

(II) John, eldest son of Governor Thomas 

Welles, was born about 1621, died at Strat- 
ford, Connecticut, August 7, 1659. He re- 
moved to Stratford in 1647, where he was 
admitted a freeman at the general court of 
elections, April 10, 1645 (O. S.). He was a 
deputy to the general court. May 15, 1656, and 
the court of October 2, 1656 ; also at those held 
]Ma}' 21, and October i, 1657. At court of 
Alarch II, 1658, he was among those nomi- 
nated "to be prepounded at the next General 
Court for choice to be magistrates in this juris- 
diction," and at the said court he was so 
elected, his father at the same time being 
chosen governor. In October, 1658, he was 
one of those persons appointed by the court to 
assist in the work of the probate court of Fair- 
field. He was also a magistrate in the general 
court of ^Nlarch 9, 1659, and was re-elected in 
May, 1659. His will, dated August 7, 1659, 
was proved October 19, 1659. He married, in 
Stratford, 1647, Elizabeth Bourne, who mar- 
ried (second) March, 1663, John Wilcoxson, 
of Stratford. The children of John and Eliz- 
abeth were : John, Thomas and Robert 
(twins). Temperance, Samuel and Sarah. 

( III ) Captain Robert, son of John and Eliz- 
abeth (Bourne) Welles, was born in 1651 in 
Stratford, died in Wethersfield, June 22, 1714. 
He was taken by his grandfather, the governor, 
to Wethersfield, when young, and there he was 
educated and became the heir to his grand- 
father. He quarrelled with his step-grand- 
mother, and in 1676 it was ordered by the 
court that whereas he "both dammyfied her 
Barne, bv parting with the other part of the 
Barne that did adjoin to itt," he should repair 
it, and "Make up yhe annuity of £12 per 
annum," which by his grandfather's will he 
was to pay her. He was made a freeman 
October. 1681 ; was chosen captain of the 
train band. September, 1689: was deputy for 
Wethersfield to the general court, 1690- 
91-92-93-94-97-98-99-1700-01-04-05. He was 
appointed commissioner for \\'ethersfield 1692- 
93-94: appointed justice of the peace. May, 
1702-04-05-06: .served as member of the coun- 
cil, 1697-9^8; was deputy to the general court, 
1708 to 1714. inclusive; was appointed justice 
of the peace and of the quorum, 1707 to 171 1. 
and 1714; was one of the patentees to whom 
the patent of \\'ethersfield was granted Feb- 
ruary 17, 1686: and when, in June, 1704- '" 
consequence of threatened Indian hostilities, 
six houses were ordered to be fortified in 
Wethersfield, his residence was one of the 
number. Captain Robert \\'elles was a man 
of larsre estate and much prominence. The 


inventory of his property mentions among 
other things a negro slave Phibe, a silver 
tankard, silver spoons, valued at £4 6s. 02d. ; 
a silver beaker valued at £4 is. 4d. ; a silver 
tankard, valued £8. 6s. 3d., a great looking 
glass, valued at £4. His clothing likewise 
listed was rich and valuable : and all goes to 
show that he was a man whose house was 
finely furnished, and whose apparel was con- 
spicuous for its quality. His inventory footed 
£3.667 13s. 3d. His sons Joseph, Robert and 
Gideon, and his grandson Robert were given 
houses as well as lands. Captain Welles mar- 
ried (first) June 9. 1675. Elizabeth, daughter 
of Ensign William and Sarah ( Marvin ) Good- 
rich, of W'ethersfield. She died February 17, 
1698. He married (second) in Boston, Octo- 
ber 13, 1698, Mary Stoddard, who survived 
him. The children, all by first marriage, were : 
Thomas, John, Joseph, Prudence, Robert and 

( I\' ) Joseph, son of Captain Robert and 
Elizabeth ( Goodrich ) Welles, was born Septem- 
ber, ^680, settled at Wethersfield. and died in 
1744. He was a lister in 1712 and collector 
in 1715, but never was as prominent a man as 
his father. He married, January 6, 1709, Han- 
nah, daughter of Captain Joshua Robbins, of 
\\'ethersfield. Their children were : John, 
Prudence. Esther, Hannah, Joseph, Eunice 
and Christopher. 

(V) Joshua, son of Joseph and Hannah 
(Robbins) Welles, was born September, 1726. 
He married, in 1757, Experience Dickinson, 
who died June 27, 1773. Their children were: 
E.xperience. Hannah, Joshua. Levi, Gideon, 
Prudence, Pamelia. Abigail and Daniel. 

(VI) Gideon, son of Joshua and Experi- 
ence (Dickinson) Welles, was born Julv 15, 
1764, died March 19, 1810. He married. Feb- 
ruary 28. 1790, Emily Hart, by whom he had 
nine children, as follows : Shuman. William 
Hart, Emily, Sally, Romania, Dudley, Mary, 
Pamela and Prudence. 

(VH) Romania, son of Gideon and Emily 
(Hart) Welles, was baptized July 22, 1798. 
He was a resident of Wethersfield, Connecti- 
cut. He married, September 25, 1830, Mari- 
anne Alorgan, and they were the parents of 
Stephen, Emily, Gideon, Dudley and Romanta. 

(Mil) Judge Gideon, son of Romanta and 
Marianne (Morgan) Wells, was born in 
Wethersfield, Connecticut, August 16, 1835, 
died in Springfield, Massachusetts, March 26, 
1898. His boyhood life was that of the farm. 
He was fitted for college at the East Windsor 
Hill school and at Williston Seminary in East- 

hampton, and then entered Yale, where he 
was graduated in 1858. Among the best 
known of his classmates were Dr. William T. 
Harris, national commissioner of education ; 
Judge George P. Andrews, of the New York 
supreme court ; and Bishop E. T. Thomas, of 
Kansas. Gideon Wells went to Springfield on 
leaving college, and read law in the office of 
Chapman & Chamberlain, the late T. M. Brown, 
who had graduated at \Mlliams the same year, 
being a fellow student in the office. Mr. Wells 
was admitted to the Hampden county bar in 
i860 and at once became associated in practice 
with the late Xehemiah A. Leonard, with 
George Ashmun at the head of the firm. When 
the Forty-fifth Regiment went out for its nine 
months' service soon after the war began, 
Gideon Wells was a member of Company A 
of Springfield. He served as first lieutenant 
under Captain L. A. Tifit. and also in the 
same capacity in the Eighth Regiment. He 
was always loyal to the association of this 
period of his life and the festivities of Com- 
pany A never failed to appeal to him. Memory 
of the strong and long maintained firm of 
Leonard & Wells is yet fresh in the public 
mind. In it were always preserved the most 
honorable traditions of the Hampden Society 
bar ; it took high rank and kept it ; it became 
distinguished for ability and high principles 
and the non-litigious character of its advice, 
which tended to the reasonable settlement of 
the inflaming of them. This characterization 
will be recognized by lawyers as a just one. 
The firm rendered valuable public service in 
training young lawyers. While Leonard & 
Wells had much and important court practice, 
they built up a greater reputation as advisers 
in business alifairs. From 1869 to 1876 Mr. 
\\'ells served as register in bankruptcy. His 
readiness of apprehension gave him speedy 
mastery of this position and it was not easy 
for fraudulent operations to escape his notice. 
In 1876 Gideon Wells succeeded Judge Mor- 
ton at the head of the local police court, which 
position he held until 1890. During this period 
the outside duties of Judge Wells had steadily 
nndtiplied to an extent which led to his resig- 
nation and the appointment of Judge Bos- 
worth to the vacancy. This released Judge 
\\'ells from duties which had grown irksome 
to enter more absorbingly into the business 
relationships his professional work had brought 
him. .A.fter Mr. Leonard took the presidency 
of the Connecticut River railroad the weight 
of the legal business of Leonard & Wells had 
fallen on Judge Wells. To his duties as attor- 



ney for the Massachusetts Mutual Life In- 
surance Company and for the Springfield 
Street Railway Company was then added the 
presidency of the Holyoke Water Power Com- 
pany. This was an important place, carrying 
with it a large salary, and more and more the 
insurance company came to rely upon Judge. 
Wells in its large transactions and interests 
widely scattered over the country. He was 
hither and yon in its service, the one man 
seemingly indispensable because of his legal 
knowledge and business ability. The years 
more nearly preceding the death of Judge 
Wells his time had been given to these inter- 
ests and to the service of individuals and com- 
panies that insisted upon having his advice. 
Most large enterprises in Springfield felt his 
shaping hand. He was the attorney for the 
First, Second and Third National Banks of 
that city. He was a director of the Massa- 
chusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, of 
the Third and John Hancock National Banks, 
and in a variety of enterprises in which local 
interests wanted his oversight. Judge Wells 
delighted in that form of recreation which took 
him farthest from the toil of his profession. 
In the earlier years of his professional career 
he greatly enjoyed a horseback ride before 
breakfast, and to assume the care of the 
animal himself, to exploit his choice of garden 
roses, as more recently he gloried in raising 
the best melons of the region on his Agawam 

The Springfield Republican, from which the 
part of this article referring to Judge Wells is 
chiefly taken, further says of him: "The 
keen intuitive (|uality of his mind was joined 
to sound native sense, and he had a knack of 
doing things, of seizing the essentials in any 
given situation and producing results. He had 
a most retentive memory, and knew where to 
go for his fine points of law. That is some- 
times better than profound closest knowledge 
of the law. He seemed to lack interest in cer- 
tain directions, and yet the end of his under- 
takings usually justified his way of doing a 
thing. Back of brusque manner, and cynicism 
which Judge Wells loved to affect, lay the 
kindest of hearts and a wealth of neighborli- 
ness and friendliness that bound people to him 
by the strongest ties. He was respected in 
every relation for his strength and force. 
Scores of people leaned on him in this enter- 
prise or that one. Then there was the social 
side of the man — and very delightful and 
entertaining and informing he was, whether 
in the casual chat, in the gatherings of the 

literary club, the game of whist or the social 
call. He always gave richly and was ready 
in the thrust and parry of social interchange. 
His fund of stories was varied and seemingly 
inexhaustible. No man in our profession and 
circles was nearer to the homely life of New 
England or caught its humor or flavor more 
accurately or with fuller appreciation. There 
never was a more genuine New Englander. 
It was the dream of his life to have a farm, 
to grow fruits, vegetables and flowers, not to 
sell but to joy in and dower his friends with — 
and the satisfaction which he got out of his 
fine Agawam farm during those recent years 
was immense. He was hospitable, in a myriad 
of ways, a caretaker for others, and the void 
which his going leaves in the life of this com- 
munity will be keenly felt today." The mem- 
bers of the Hampden County Bar Association 
assembled at a special sitting of the supreme 
court. June 6, 1898, to do honor to the mem- 
ory of Mr. Wells and passed resolutions prais- 
ing him as a lawyer and a citizen, which are 
omitted here to give room for portions of the 
remarks of some of the lawyers present which 
illustrate the qualities of the man whom they 

Edward H. Lathrop said : "Among the large 
accomplishments of his later life, few men 
with whom he came in contact felt the warmth 
and the richness of his real life and self. 
Brother Wells was not a man who opened the 
sunshine of his heart to every casual acquaint- 
ence or to the ordinary man of business. He 
kept the seclusions of the real sweetness of 
his nature perhaps somewhat too rigidly. In 
the pathways of daily life he took and gave 
his full measure of the attritions of experience 
and of performance. His habit was that of 
isolation, and not to criticise, but to review him, 
he has too much of isolation and of seclusion. 
He had forgotten in the later years how to 
play. The grind of business was upon him, 
and unconsciously to himself he was a prisoner 
to implicable and inescapable demands. The 
humor of his nature had little opportunity to 
play the relieving interludes that I believe 
would have saved him for many more and 
larger years. Grim and abrupt of speech he 
sometimes was to his best friends, but he was 
unconscious of it. He had his aft'ections, and 
we all recognized and enjoyed them and I 
think he did. He used to say startling things 
sometimes on sober and sedate occasions, not, 
perhaps, because he believed them, but possibly 
on occasion to relieve the dullness of conver- 
sational respectability and at other times be- 


cause he enjoyed the efifect. He had no rever- 
ence for the platitudes of place, or the affected 
profundity that sometimes goes with all our 
professions, and he hated the Uriah Heeps of 
society and of business. He was always a 
cool breeze in a stifling conventional atmos- 
phere. He had few intimacies but many 
friends. He had friends whom he never knew, 
because he was unconscious of or had for- 
gotten the occasions that made them friends. 
Behind all his brusqueness of manner and 
speech lay the largeness and sweetness of a 
most kindly character. Bold in speech and 
criticism of men and measures, he never 
obtruded his opinion and never sought occa- 
sion to say an unkind thing of any one. His 
word was always as good as his bond, and his 
bond was as good as gold. We all felt safe in 
resting upon an agreement made with "Gid" 
Wells. He had a rare philosophy in life. He 
never fretted at matters going wrong, but with 
redoubled reserve and a more fixed purpose 
set his face to the accomplishment of his 
clients' interests. H disturlaed he concealed 
his fear: if unhorsed, he climbed into the 
saddle again without pause. His courage and 
his calmness, his philosophy and his imper- 
turbality in meeting life's eventualities, were 
all illustrated in the serenity with which he 
met at the end an ultimate and visibly approach- 
ing fate." 

On the same occasion Charles C. Spellman 
spoke in part as follows : "Upon the death 
of Judge Morton, Judge Wells received the 
appointment as justice of the police courts, and 
during the first six years of his administration 
as judge, I was clerk of that court. This 
brought us into daily intercourse with each 
other and established a friendship between us 
which continued until his death. During the 
six years I was so closely associated with him 
I had many opportunities to witness exhibi- 
tions of his character. No single instance of 
flifference, no impatient work or hasty action, 
severed for one moment our friendship. He 
had a generous sympathetic heart, always 
ready to relieve the necessities of others, and 
many a friend in financial and other trouble, 
to my knowledge, has not in vain appealed to 
him for aid. I have seen him amid the per- 
plexing and embarrassing questions which con- 
tinually arise upon the criminal side of that 
court, the persistent and almost annoying de- 
mands which could not even be considered, in 
which the patience of the most indulgent man 
would be put to the severest test. H he erred 
at all, it was in not always courteously listen- 

ing. He had an impulsive nature. He was 
affected with indignation — which feeling he 
could hardly repress — when he witnessed any 
act which was mean and sordid. He could 
not tolerate the witness which he believed was 
giving false testimony before his court, and 
very often would give a hasty expression to his 
own feelings if he felt that all was not as it 
should be. He decided all cases upon evidence 
as it seemed to him, without fear or favor. 
The wishes of the prosecuting officer, the argu- 
ments of attorneys, the prominence or position 
of the parties interested, or the comments of 
the daily press, had no effect on his decision. 
He held the attorneys strictly to the required 
evidence, and any failure in essential testi- 
mony was fatal. He was faithful and punctual 
in the performance of his duties, and believed 
that no one should undertake what he could 
not do and that he should do what he had 
undertaken. He resigned the judgeship to 
assume other duties more to his liking. Those 
best acquainted with the manner in which he 
performed all his public duties will bear wit- 
ness to the integrity and moral soundness of 
his life. His business ability can best be meas- 
ured by his successful management of large 
corporate interests which from time to time 
was reposed in him." 

Gideon Wells married, October 13, 1875, 
Marietta Gilbert, of Norwich, Connecticut, 
who survives him. She was born at Norwich, 
daughter of Merit S. and Esther (Jones) Gil- 
bert. Thev had one child, Gilbert, born May 
7. 1877- ' 

This surname was evidently a 
STREET place name, doubtless derived 
from the military roads or 
streets which were built by the Romans in 
England. As early as 1300 the name of Alice 
le Strete is found in the Domesday Book. The 
coat-of-arms of the family contains three 
horses on a shield divided by a bar. The crest 
is a man's arm upraised holding a bell in his 
hand. Motto : Non nobis solum nati. 

(I) Richard Street was of Stogumber, Som- 
ersetshire, England, and was a clothier. His 
will is dated September 10, 1591, and proved 
September 30, 1592. Children: Michael, died 
1597; Robert, Thomas, John, Nicholas, men- 
tioned below. 

(TI) Nicholas, son of Richard Street, left 
a will which was proved May 3, 1610. He 

married Mary , who was living in 1609 

and who left a will. Children: Nicholas, 
mentioned below. 2. Mary, baptized at Taun- 



ton, England, March 22, 1578; married, Janu- 
ary 17, 1602, Josn Gilberd. 3. Thomas, bap- 
tized at Taunton, March 28, 1593; of Stogum- 
ber and Bawdrip, b\- gift of his father. 4. 

Jane, baptized June 22, 
water, England. 

(Ill) Nicholas (2; 
Nicholas ( i ) Street, 

1593 ; buried at Bridge- 

, gentleman, son of 
was of Bridgewater, 
Somersetshire, England. His will was dated 
November i, 1616, and proved February 13, 
1 61 7. He married, at Bridgewater, January 
16, 1602, Susanna Gilberd, who was buried 
February 22, 1603. He married (second) 

Mary . whose will was dated July 16, 

1625, and proved February 6, 1626. Child 
of first wife: i. Nicholas, baptized January 
29, 1603, mentioned below. Children of sec- 
ond wife: 2. Edward, baptized at Bridgewater 
May I, 1607, buried November 23, 1616. 3. 
John. 4. Alatthew. 5. William. 6. Francis. 

7. Mary, baptized June 10, 1614, buried ^lay 

8, 1615. 8. Philip, baptized June 23, 1616, 
buried November 23, 1616. 

(IV) Rev. Nicholas (3), son of Nicholas 
(2) Street, was baptized at Bridgewater, Eng- 
land, January 29, 1603. His father died when 
Nicholas was thirteen years old, leaving his 
"antient estate of Rowberton neare Taunton, 
and also my lease of Huntesbell in the Marsh." 
The estate of Rowberton belonged to the 
Manor of Canon Street Priory of Taunton. 
He matriculated at Oxford, November 2, 1621, 
at the age of eighteen, and received his degree 
February 21, 1624-25. The first record of 
him in New England is his ordination as assist- 
ant of Rev. Mr. Hooke, as teacher of the 
church at Taunton, Massachusetts, in 1637-38. 
Seven years later Mr. Hooke went to New 
Haven, and Mr. Street continued as sole pas- 
tor fifteen years. He followed \lx. Hooke to 
New Haven and took his place as colleague 
of Rev. John Davenport, September 26, 1659. 
From 1667 until his death, April 22, 1674, he 
was pastor of the First Church. He lived on 
what is now College street, on the spot where 
College Street Church now stands. Fie mar- 
ried (first) , and (second) Mrs. Mary 

Newman, widow of Governor Francis New- 
man, of New Haven. She married (third) 
Governor Leete, and died December 13, 1683. 
Children: i. Samuel, born 1635, mentioned 

below. 2. Susanna, married Mason. 

3. Sarah, married James Heaton. 4. Abiah, 
married Daniel Sherman. 

fV) Rev. Samuel, son of Rev. Nicholas (3) 
Street, was born in 1635. He graduated at 
Harvard College in 1664, one of a class of 

seven, all of whom he outlived by six years. 
He lived in New Haven and taught in the 
school Rev. Mr. Davenport had founded, and 
in which his father also taught. After teach- 
ing here with his father for ten years, he was 
installed April 22, 1674, the first settled clergy- 
man at Wallingford, Connecticut, and re- 
mained there pastor forty-five years. In 1681 
he was granted two hundred acres of land, and 
in 1686 a house lot of six acres, later other 
grants. He was one of the original signers 
of the Plantation Covenant of Wallingford in 
1710. He died January 16, 1717, aged eighty- 
two. He married, November 3, 1664, in New 
Haven, Anna Miles, who died in Wallingford, 
April II, 1687, aged ninety-five, daughter of 
Richard and Katherine (Constable) Miles. 
Children: i. Anna, born in New Haven, Au- 
gust 17, 1665. 2. Samuel, July 27, 1667, men- 
tioned below. 3. Mary, September 6, 1670. 
4. Susanna, Wallingford, June 15, 1675, mar- 
ried Deacon John Peck. 5. Nicholas, July 14, 
1677, married Jerusha Morgan. 6. Katherine, 
November 19, 1679. 7. Sarah, January 15, 
1 68 1, married Theophilus Yale. 

(VI) Lieutenant Samuel (2), son of Rev. 
Samuel ( i ) Street, was born in New Haven, 
July 27, 1667. He was made lieutenant of the 
train band. May 10, 1716, in Wallingford. His 
estate was administered February 18, 1719-20. 
He married (first) July 14, 1690, Hannah 
Glover, born (October 10, 1672, died July 8, 
1713, daughter of John Glover, of New Haven. 
He married (second) December 20, 1716, Mrs. 
Elizabeth ( Brown) Todd, daughter of Eleazer 
and Sarah (Bulkley) Brown, and widow of 
Michael Todd. She married (third) Captain 
John Merriman. Children: I. Eleanor, born 
December 3, 1691. 2. Nathaniel, January 19, 
1693, married ]Mary Raymond. 3. Elnathan, 
September 2, 1695, married Damaris Hull. 4. 
Marv, April 16, 1698, married John Hall. 5. 
Meh'itable, February 15, 1699, married Abra- 
ham Bassett. 6. John, October 25, 1703, mar- 
ried Hannah Hall. 7. Samuel, May 10, 1707, 
mentioned below. 

(VII) Samuel (3), son of Lieutenant Sam- 
uel (2) Street, was born May 10, 1707, died 
in Wallingford, October 15, 1792. He mar- 
ried (first) November 12, 1734, Keziah Mun- 
son, daughter of Caleb and Elizabeth (Her- 
mon) Munson. He married (second) Sarah 
At water, born November 28, 1727, died Octo- 
ber I, 1795. daughter of Caleb and Mehitable 
(Mix) .\twater. Child of first wife: I. 
Glover, born May 28, 1735, mentioned below. 
Children of second wife: 2. Titus, June 4, 



1758, married Lydia Allen. 3. Caleb, Octo- 
ber 26, 1763. 

(VIII) Glover, son of Samuel (3) Street, 
was born May 28, 1735, died November 28, 
1826. He was taken prisoner by the French 
during the French and Indian war, while sail- 
ing in a merchant ship from Xew Haven to 
the West Indies, carried to Guadaloupe a pris- 
oner and confined there a number of months. 
He married, in 1755, Lydia Allen, of North 
Haven, who died February 13, 1817, aged 
eighty. Children: i. Esther, born February 
24, 1757. 2. Hannah, October 18, 1758, mar- 
ried Jehiel Todd. 3. Keziah, March 7, 1761, 
died young. 4. Samuel, October 2, 1762, men- 
tioned below. 5. Glover, May 7, 1764, mar- 
ried Deborah Bradley. 6. Caleb Munson, July 
13, 1766, married Bathsheba Chapin. 7. Keziah, 
July 23, 1768, married Zenas Hastings. 8. 
George, January 2, 1771, died September 23, 
1836: married, October 17, 1808, Miriam 
Munson. 9. Joshua, November 24, 1772. 10. 
Elizabeth, July 30, 1775, married Elijah Mor- 
gan. II. John, May 29, 1778, married Sally 

(IX) Samuel (4), son of Glover Street, 
was born October 2, 1762, died February 20, 
1818. He removed in 1800 to West Spring- 
field, and thence to Holyoke, Massachusetts. 
He married. May 10, 1785, Anna Munson, 
born June 28, 1760, died 1829. Children: i. 
Orren, born August 25, 1786, married Rox- 
anna Bassett. 2. Eunecia, August 28, 1790, 
married Ichabod Howe. 3. Manly, 1792, men- 
tioned below. 4. Lydia, 1797, married Will- 
iam Ardway. 5. Anna, 1800. died June 9, 
1 82 1. 6. Atwater, West Springfield, April 7, 

(X) Manly, son of Samuel (4) Street, was 
born at Wallingford, Connecticut, 1792, died 
February 14, 1856. He married, in 1818. Sus- 
anna Clark, of Easthampton, who died April 
28, 1854, aged fifty-nine. It is a singular fact 
that all his children except L^iel were born 
on Saturday. Children: i. Sydenham, born 
1820 died 1870; married Sarah Waterman. 2. 
Samuel J., 1822, married, 1856, Elizabeth E. 
Lanckton. 3. Austin Dwight, July 15, 1825, 
mentioned below. 4. Uriel, Alay, 1827, died 
June 2, 1852, unmarried. 5. Edwin, August 
6, 1828, died November 4, 1889. 6. Ann. 1832, 
unmarried. 7. William, 1838, unmarried. 

(XI) Austin Dwight, son of Manly Street, 
was born at West Springfield, July 15, 1825, 
died December 25, 1896. He was a farmer in 
Holj'oke, a quiet, honest, upright citizen. He 
married, October 15, 1856, Sophia Dickinson 

(see Dickinson family). He resided at 
Holyoke. Children: I. Austin Dickinson, 
born June 14, 1862. 2. Franklin Manly, April 
9, 1869, married Jennie E. Sears, and they 
have one child, Florence Street, born March 
4, 1897. 

(The Dickinson Line). 

Eleven centuries ago a soldier of fortune 
made his appearance at the court of Halfdan 
Huilbein, King of Norway. His name was 
Ivar. He had been a shepherd and had been 
captured by the Northmen and carried to sea. 
He drifted into a life of adventure. He be- 
came a favorite at the Norwegian court. The 
King made him general of his army and in 
725 gave him his daughter Eurithea in mar- 
riage. He was called Prince of the Uplands. 
When the king died the son of Ivar became 
heir to the throne and during his minority Ivar 
was regent. This son, Eystein, reigned until 
755. He was succeeded by his son, Harold 
Harfager. Rollo, a Prince of this line, over- 
ran Norway in 910. His sixtR and youngest 
son, Walter, received the castle and town of 
Caen as an inheritance. His great-grandson, 
Walter de Caen, accompanied William the 
Norman to England at the time of the Con- 
quest. To this nobleman the line of Dickinsons 
descended from the first American pioneer, 
Nathaniel, may be traced. 

(I) Walter de Caen, later de Kenson, tak- 
ing the name from his manor in Yorkshire. 

( II ) Johnne Dykonson, freeholder of Kings- 
ton upon Hull, Yorkshire; married, 1260, Mar- 
garet Lambert and died 1316. 

(III) William Dykenson, freeholder as 
above, died 1330. 

( IV ) Hugh Dykensonne, freeholder as 
above, died 1376. 

( \' ) Anthoyne Dickensonne, freeholder as 
above, married, 1376, Catherine De La Pole 
and died 1396. 

(VI) Richard Dickerson, freeholder as 
above, married, 1399, Margaret Cooper and 
died 1441. 

(VII) Thomas Dickinson, freeholder as 
above, married, 1470, Margaret Lambert; 
alderman of Hull, 1443-44: mayor 1444-45; 
died 1475. 

{\TII) Hugh Dickinson, freeholder as 
above, married, 1451, Agnes Swillington ; re- 
moved 1475 to Kenson manor, Yorkshire; 
died 1509. 

(IX) William Dickinson, freeholder of 
Kenson Alanor, died 1546; married, 1475, 
Isabel Langton. 

(X) John Dickinson settled in Leeds, York- 



shire ; married, 1499, Elizabeth Danby ; alder- 
man 1525-54; died 1554. 

(XI) William Dickinson settled at Brindley 
J-Iall, Staffordshire; married, 1520, Rachel 
Kingc ; died 1 580. 

(XII) Richard Dickinson, of Bradley Hall, 
married, 1540, Elizabeth Bagnall ; died 1605. 

(XIII) Thomas Dickinson, clerk in the 
Portsmouth navy yard. 1567 to 1587; removed 
to Cambridge, 1587; married, 1567, Judith 
Carey; died 1590. 

(XR') William Dickinson settled in Ely, 
Cambridge, and married, 1594, Sarah Stacey, 
of Ely ; died 1628. 

(X\') Xathaniel, son of William Dickinson, 
was born in Ely, Cambridge, in 1600. He 
married, in January, 1630, at East Bergolat, 
county Suffolk, Anna Gull, widow of William 
(jull. They came to Wethersfield, Connecti- 
cut, in 1636 or 1637. He was one of the 
leaders of the colony. He was town clerk in 
1645, deputy to the general court in 1646-47. 
He removed to Hadley, Massachusetts, in 1659, 
and was admitted a freeman there in 1661. 
He was chosen deacon of the church and first 
recorder of the town. He was selectman, 
assessor, and town magistrate. He was a 
member of the Hampshire Troop, and on the 
first board of trustees of Hopkins Academy. 
He resided a few years at Hatfield. He died 
at Hadley, June 16, 1676. He married (sec- 
ond ) Anne , when he went to Hadley. 

Children of first wife: I. John, born 1630, 
killed in King Philip's war. 2. Joseph, 1632, 
mentioned below. 3. Thomas, 1634, married 
Hannah Crow. 4. Anna, 1636, married (first) 
John Clary; (second) Enos Kingsley. 5. 
Samuel, July, 1638. 6. Obadiah, April 15, 
1641. 7. Xathaniel, August, 1643. 8. Xehe- 
miah, about 1644. 9. Hezekiah, February, 
1645-46. 10. Azariah, October 4, 1648, killed 
in Swamp fight, August 25, 1675. 

(XVI) Joseph, son of 5s^athaniel Dickinson, 
was born in 1632. He lived in Xorthampton 
from 1664 to 1674 and then removed to North- 
field. He was slain with Captain Beers, Sep- 
tember 4, 1675, in King Philip's war. He 
married F'hebe Bracy, daughter of Mrs. Mar- 
tin. Children: I. Samuel, born May 24, 1666, 
died in Hatfield, 1690-91. 2. Joseph, April 27, 
1668. 3. Xathaniel, May 20. 1670, mentioned 
below. 4. John, May 2. 1672. 5. Azariah, 
May 15, 1674, settled in Haddam, Connecticut. 

(XVII) Deacon Xathaniel, son of Joseph 
Dickinson, was born May 20, 1670, died in 
1745. He resided in Hatfield, and married 
Hannah White, daughter of Daniel White, of 

that town. Children: i. Jonathan, born No- 
vember 7, 1699, mentioned below. 2. Martha, 
December 25, 1701, married, March 2, 1727, 
Elnathan Graves. 3. Obadiah, July 28, 1704. 
4. Nathan, April, 1707, died May 10, 1707. 5. 
Joshua, February 7, 1709. 6. Elijah, Febru- 
ary 24, 1712, died June 8, 1714. 7. Elijah, 
September 20. 1714, died May 28, 1715. 8. 
Joel, March 23, 1716. 9. Lucy, September 9, 
1718, died December 24, 1718. 

(XVIII) Jonathan, son of Deacon Nathaniel 
Dickinson, was born in Hatfield, November 7, 
1699, and settled first in Hadley on School 
Meadows. About 1748 he removed to Am- 
herst, where he died December 11. 1787. He 
married, April 2, 1724, Mary Smith, who died 
April 13, 1763, daughter of Nathaniel Smith, 
of Hatfield. Children: i. Simeon, born about 
1726. 2. Noah, about 1729, mentioned below. 

3. Jonathan. 4. Mary, married, .April 16, 1752, 
Hezekiah Belding. 5. Martha, married Joseph 
Dickinson, of Amherst, and died August 12, 

(XIX) Noah, son of Jonathan Dickinson, 
was born about 1729 and died March 28, 1815. 
He served in the revolution as first lieutenant 
in Captain Reuben Dickinson's company, 
Fourth .\mherst. Fourth Hampshire county 
regiment, in 1776; as lieutenant in Captain 
John Thompson's company, Colonel Leonard's 
regiment in 1777, with the army of the north 
for two months ; also as lieutenant in command 
of a company in Colonel Elisha Porter's regi- 
ment in .\, 1777; in Captain Reuben 
Dickinson's company. Colonel Porter's regi- 
ment at the Stillwater alarm in September and 
October, 1777, and in the same company in 
1778. He resigned April 18, 1780. He mar- 
ried (first) .April 28. 1757, Mary Dickinson, 
who died June i, 1791, aged fifty- four, daugh- 
ter of Deacon Ebenezer Dickinson. He mar- 
ried (second) March 22. 1792, Susan Ward. 
Children: Mary, born about 1758, married, 
luly 7, 1779, Hon. Ebenezer Mattoon, of Am- 
herst ; died July 30, 1835. Son by second 
wife: Jonathan, baptized June 7, 1795, men- 
tioned below. 

(XX) Jonathan, son of Noah Dickinson, 
was baptized June 7, 1795, died October 2, 
1840. He married, September 19, 1816, Amy 
Stoughton Dickinson, daughter of John and 
Lvdia (Eastman) Dickinson. Her father was 
born in Shutsbury, Massachu.setts, in 1757, son 
of Xehemiah and Annie E. Dickinson, and was 
a soldier at Bunker Hill. Children, all born 
in Amherst: i. John. 2. Noah. 3. Charles. 

4. Martin. 5. Rebecca. 6. Susan. 7. Sophia, 



born February 5, 1832, graduate from Ripley 
College at Poultney, \'ermont, at the age of 
twenty-one, and taught school at Amherst, 
Holyoke and Springfield, Massachusetts ; mar- 
ried, October 15, 1856, Austin Dwight Street. 
(See Street family). 

Tradition says that three 
SA\\'YER brothers emigrated to America 
from Lincolnshire, England, 
sailing in a ship commanded by Captain Parker, 
and that their names were William, Edmund and 
Thomas. They arrived 1636, although Savage 
does not find William and Thomas until 1643. 
The fact that the Rowley records show Edward 
instead of Edmund, as shown that a tract of 
land was set off to Thomas Sawyer and 
another to Edward Sawyer in 1643, one of 
the boundaries of each lot being upon the 
ocean side, thus showing that the three 
brothers were William, Edward and Thomas, 
and that they came early in 1643 o'' J'-^^t previ- 
ous. Edmund came over seven years earlier 
and whether he was a brother of the others 
cannot be ascertained, but all agree that 
Thomas Sawyer was in Lancaster a few years 
after living at Rowley, and has descendants 
multiplied by the thousands. 

Thomas Sawyer was among the first emi- 
grants to Lancaster. Richard Linton, Law- 
rence Waters and Thomas Bell had gifts of land 
in what was afterward Lancaster as an induce- 
ment to settle there, Thomas Sawyer coming 
later. He was one of the nine persons in 1653 
who organized the town, and gave it the name 
of Lancaster. He was a blacksmith and tiller 
of the soil, and one of the most conspicuous 
of the citizens. His farm was in the present 
grounds of the Seventh Day Adventists, be- 
tween North Lancaster and Clinton. His house 
was just behind the house now or lately owned 
by John A. Rice, of Lancaster. There is a 
stone to mark his grave in the old graveyard 
at Lancaster. This house was in the tnost 
central part of the Indian raid. He seems to 
have escaped with all his numerous family, 
with the exception of his son Ephraim, who 
was killed at or near the house of his grand- 
father, John Prescott. Thomas Sawyer's 
garrison proved a safe defense against the 
French and Indians. There was among their 
numbers a high French officer who it is said 
was mortally wounded while in the fight which 
much exasperated them. Lancaster remained 
desolate for some three years, and where the 
family of Sawyer resided during that time 
is not evident but it is certain that thev soon 

reappeared and helped rebuild the town, and 
he took a prominent part in its growth and 
prosperity during the next thirty years. It is 
now believed that John Sawyer, of Lanca- 
shire, England, was the father of these three 
brothers who came to. America. 

(I) Thomas Sawyer took the oath of allegi- 
ance in 1647, a'ld was on the list of proprietors 
in Lancaster in 1648. He was one of the first 
six settlers and one of the prudential managers 
of the town in 1647. He was admitted a free- 
man in 1654. He was a blacksmith by trade, 
and his house was on the east side of what is 
now Main street. South Lancaster, next south 
of the home of his father-in-law, John Pres- 
cott. He was one of the leading men of the 
town all his life. He had command of one 
of the garrisons at the time of King Philip's 
war. There were only five full-fledged free- 
men in the town of Lancaster in 1654 — Ed- 
ward Breck, Richard Smith, William Kerley, 
John Whitcomb and Thomas Sawyer. He 
died September 12, 1706, aged about ninety 
years. His will was dated March 6, 1705-06, 
and proved April 12, 1720. He bequeathed 
to wife Mary, sons Thomas, Joshua, James, 
Caleb and Nathaniel, and daughter Mary 
Wilder. The latter testified that she had her 
father and mother during eight or nine months 
while her brother Thomas was in captivity. 
Her name and that of her mother was gen- 
erally spelled Marie. Thomas Sawyer mar- 
ried ^lary, daughter of John Prescott, a black- 
smith, who came from Sowerby in the parish 
of Halifax, England, West Riding of York- 
shire, where he married ]\Iary Blatts, a York- 
shire girl. He was born in Lancashire, and 
came to Lancaster, Massachusetts, in 1645-46, 
for the purpose of building up the town. He 
took the oath of allegiance in 1652. His family 
escaped the massacre and returned to the town 
in 1682. Children: i. Thomas, born July 2, 
1649, mentioned below. 2. Ephraim, January 
16, 1650-51, died February 10, 1676, killed by 
Indians at Prescott garrison. 3. Mary, No- 
vember 4, 1652-53, married, 1673, Nathaniel 
Wilder : children, born at Sudbury : i. Nathaniel, 
born 1675; ii. Ephraim, 1677; iii. Mary, 1679; 
iv. Elizabeth, 1681 ; v. Dorothy, 1686; vi. 
Nathaniel, 1688; vii. Eunice, 1690; viii. Oliver, 
1694. 4. Elizabeth, January, 1654, died young. 
5. Joshua, March 13, 1655, died July 14, 1738; 
married, January 2, 1677-78. Sarah Potter; 
children : i. Abigail, born 1679 ; ii. Joshua, 1684 ; 
iii. Sarah, 1687; iv. Hannah, 1689; v. Martha, 
1692; vi. Elizabeth, 1698. 6. James, Janu- 
ary 22, 1657, married (first) February 4, 1677, 



Mary Alarble ; (second) Mary Prescott, of 
Pomfret. Connecticut; children: i. Ephraim, 
born December, 1678; ii, James, July 12, 1686; 
iii. Mary, September 17, 1696; iv. Benjamin, 
February 11, 1697-98. 7. Caleb, February 20, 
1659. mentioned below. 8. John, April, 1661, 
married, January 16, 1686, Mary Bull, of 
\Vorcester ; children: i. Edward, born 1687; 
ii. Jacob: iii. Joseph; iv. Moses, 1722, died 
1729; V. Oliver; vi. Mercy. 9. Elizabeth, bap- 
tized January 5, 1663-64, married James Hos- 
mer, of Marlboro. 10. Deborah, born 1666, 
died young. 11. Nathaniel, born October 24, 

1670, married (first) Mary ; (second) 

1695, Elizabeth : children: i. Amos, 

born June 20, 1693; ii. Samuel, 1698, died 
1784: iii. John, 1700, died October 2, 1731 ; 
iv. Ezra, 1702, died 1765; v. Nathaniel; vi. 
Thomas, 171 1, died 1727; vii. Phinehas ; viii. 
Mary ; ix. Ephraim. 

(H) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Sawyer, was born July 2, 1649, died Septem- 
ber 5, 1736. at Lancaster. His will bequeathed 
to four sons and two daughters, and twelve 
pounds to purcha'se a communion vessel for 
the Lancaster church. He was the first white 
child born in Lancaster. His capture by the 
Indians forms one of the most familiar stories 
of the colonial period in Massachusetts. At 
the time of his capture he was living in the 
garrison with his father's family. Queen 
Anne's war was making the lives of the col- 
onists unsafe, especially on the frontier. Indians 
made frequent attacks and massacred men, 
w^omen and children. On October 16, 1695, 
Thomas Sawyer Jr., his son Elias, and John 
Bigelow, of Marlboro, were at work in his 
saw mill where they were surprised and cap- 
tured by the Indians. They were taken to 
Canada and Bigelow and young Sawyer were 
turned over to the French to ransom but they 
ke]->t Thomas Sawyer to put to death by tor- 
ture. Sawyer proposed to the French gov- 
ernor that he should build a saw mill on the 
Chamblay river in consideration of saving his 
life from the Indians and giving the three 
captives their freedom. The French needed 
the mill and were glad of the opportunity. 
But the Indians had to be reckoned with. They 
insisted on burning Thomas Sawyer at the 
stake. They knew him and knew he was a 
brave man, not afraid of torture and death. 
The crafty French governor defeated their 
purpose by a ruse to the church. When Sawyer 
was tied to the stake a French friar appeared 
with a key in his hand and so terrible did he 
paint the tortures of purgatory, the key of which 

he told them he had in his hand ready to un- 
lock, that they gave up their victim. 'Indians 
fear the unseen more than the real dangers 
and doubtless the friar took care not to specify 
what he would do in case the auto-de-fe was 
carried out. Sawyer built the mill successfully, 
the first in Canada it is said. He and Bigelow 
came home after seven or eight months of 
captivity to their delighted people. Elias Saw- 
yer was kept a year longer to run the mill and 
teach the others to run it. The captives were 
treated well after the French found them use- 
ful to them. Thomas Sawyer married (first) 

1670, Sarah : (second) 1672, Hannah 

: (third) 1718, Mary White. Children: 

I. Mary, born December, 1671, married 
Joshua Rice, of Marlboro. 2. Hannah, 1675, 
married Jonathan Moore, of Marlboro. 3. 
William, 1679, di^d in Bolton, 1740: married 

Mary . 4. Joseph, 1682, died July 10, 

1737: married (first) Sarah , who died 

March 17, 1717; married (second) March 10, 
1718, Abigail ^^'ilder. 5. Bazaleel, born May 
23, 1685, died April 5, 1760; married Judith 

, who died March 24, 1774. 6. Elias, 

see forward. 

(Ill) Elias, son of Thomas (2) Sawyer, 
was born in 1690 in Lancaster. He was taken 
prisoner by the Indians with his father, as 
related above, and taken to Canada. After 
remaining in Canada a year, teaching the 
French to run the saw mill that his father 
built as the price of their ransom, he returned 
to his home in Lancaster. He and his wife 
Beatrix owned the covenant in the First 
Church of Lancaster, March 24, 1716-17, and 
at that time their two eldest children were bap- 
tized. By deed dated December 2, 1735 (Wor- 
cester deeds Book 27, page 510), he received 
from his father Thomas Sawyer, of Lancaster, 
land on the east side of the Still river in the 
"Intervale Hollera" and elsewhere in Lan- 
caster. This deed refers to land given to his 
brother Bezaleel by their father. Before his 
death he deeded his property in large part if 
not wholly to his children. Elias Sawyer, of 
Bolton, deeded to Elijah Sawyer, of Bolton, 
the west part of the homestead where he was 
then living May 31, 1749, for two hundred and 
seventy-six pounds or equivalent ; he deeded 
to Elijah, Alay 31. 1749, half his dwelling 
house in Bolton on Still river adjoining land of 
Ephraim Houghton on the Still river road ; 
land at Halloway Ontervale, "Intervale Hol- 
lera" mentioned above, and on Kerley's plain 
etc. : also half his town right. On the same 
dav Elias gave a farm of two hundred and 



nineteen acres to son Elisha in Lancaster. He 
died in Bolton, November 20, 1752, aged sixty- 
three years, or according to his gravestone in 
the old Lancaster burial ground in his sixty- 
third year. His widow Beatrix ("Batrice" in 
this paper ) was appointed administratrix, Jan- 
uary 29, 1753, her sons Elijah and Elisha being 
the sureties on her bond, Elijah then of Bolton 
as well as his mother, while Elisha was of 
Lancaster. Children baptized in the First 
Church of Lancaster: i. Elijah, baptized 
March 24, 1716-17, mentioned below. 2. 
Thankful, baptized March 24, 1716-17. 3. 
Elisha, born August 17, 1718, married Ruth 

: had Jotham, born April 2j, 1745; 

Thankful, August i, 1747 (twin) ; Elias, Au- 
gust I, 1747 (twin). 4. Betty, baptized Feb- 
ruary 25, 1721-22. 5. Prudence, September 
26, 1726, baptized December 18, 1726. 

( I\' ) Elijah, son of Elias Sawyer, was born 
in Bolton about 171 5, baptized in the First 
Lancaster Church, March 24, 1716-17. He 
and his brother Elisha, Nathaniel Carter, of 
Leominster, and Thomas Carter, of Lunen- 
burg, deeded land to Nathaniel Wyman, of 
Lancaster, December 30, 1753. Elijah himself 
deeded land to this Nathaniel Carter (perhaps 
his brother-in-law), and Thomas Carter, of 
Lunenburg. June 2, 1753. He had the home* 
stead, as told in the sketch of his father, and 
lived in Bolton all his life. He deeded prop- 
erty valued at six thousand pounds to his son 
Elias, a blacksmith of Bolton, April 8, 1784. 
He had previously deeded to his son Calvin 
property valued at the same sum in Bolton. He 
married (first) July 18. 1740. Ruth White. 

He married (second) Ldyia , who died, 

his widow. May 5, 1799, aged seventy-two 
years, six months and one day. She was buried 
on the Old Common and her gravestone still 
stands. He died intestate at Bolton before 
1799. Children: Calvin, born 1750: Elias; 
Lutlier ; probably several daughters. 

( \* ) Calvin, son of Elijah Sawyer, was 
born in Bolton in 1750. He was educated 
there in the public schools. He received half 
of his father's homestead, as stated. Abijah 
Phelps deeded land in Lancaster of the late 
Edward Phelps to Calvin Sawyer. December 
10, 1784. John Barnard deeded a parcel of 
land near Van's Hill, Bolton, to Calvin Sawyer, 
October 23, 1786. Calvin bought fifty acres 
of Daniel Gage, of Hubbardston, in that town 
in 1798. This transfer may belong to Calvin 
Jr., however. Calvin died in 1802 intestate. 
His wife Abigail was born August 19, 1753, 
died November i, 1839. Children, born \x\ 

Bolton (records from family) : i. Elijah, 
January 25, 1773, blacksmith. 2. Calvin, Octo- 
ber 25, 1775, owned land in Hubbardston and 
lived there for a time ; deeded fifty acres in 
Hubbardston to brother, Luther Sawyer, of 
Bolton, January 2, 1800. 3. Luther, February 
I, 1777, died May 28, 1826: lived at Bolton; 
deeded to brothers, Elijah and Calvin, land in 
Hubbardston, April 11, 1801 ; married Keziah 

. 4. Nathan, November 4, 1779, died 

January 18, 1817. 5. Daniel, November i, 
1782, mentioned below. 6. Oliver, February 
4, 1784, died March 24, 1836. 7. Abigail, Au- 
gust 12. 1787. 8. Catharine, October 27, 1789, 
died February 6, 1808. 9. Elias, August 19, 
1791, died February, 1849. lO- Silas, Novem- 
ber 26, 1793, died March 24, 1856. Guardians 
of Elias and Silas appointed in 181 1. 

(VL) Daniel, son of Calvin Sawyer, was 
born in Bolton, November i, 1782, died 
November 4, 1847. He lived in Bolton 
where he was deacon of the church many 
years. He was known for his mechanical 
ability, being a wheelwright of the old school, 
as was his brother, Major Oliver Sawyer. They 
were of the family of the famous mechanical 
Sawyers spoken of in many of the town his- 
tories. Deacon Sawyer, being a wood worker, 
made all the coffins used in the town for many 
years. He lived on a great stage route, and 
became well known for his fine pick handles 
and general wheelwright work. In those days 
all commodities were teamed over the road, 
heavy loaded wagons constantly passing his 
door on their way to or from Boston, many 
going to Brattleboro, Vermont, or beyond. As 
he had the opportunity to get the very best 
hickory timber grown in ^Massachusetts, his 
name spread among the teamsters from Ver- 
mont where such timber did not grow, and he 
had a large business with these people. He 
married (first) Rachel Jewett, born in Bolton, 
February 21, 1783, died November 12, 1843. 
He married (second) Mary , who sur- 
vived him. Edwin A. ^^^hitcomb was appoint- 
ed administrator of his estate by request of 
the heirs. He was a well-to-do farmer. Chil- 
dren, born in Bolton, by first wife: i. Cath- 
arine. August 29, 1810, died October 7, 1862; 
married, June 7, 1838, Jonathan Whitcomb, 
born at Stow, March 11, 1793, died May 7, 
1856: children: i. Emily A. Whitcomb, born 
April 2, 1839, died December 12, 1867, mar- 
ried. May 8, 1867, Edmond Stow, of Stow; 
ii. Mary E. Whitcomb, born August 8, 1841, 
married, May 19, 1862, Francis Gates, of Stow 
(children: Elliott W. Gates, born February 



25, 1863, married, November 24, 1891, Eliza- 
beth Burkill, of Hudson, Massachusetts ; Ervin 
F. Gates, born April 25, 1864, married, No- 
vember 27, 1894, Sarah Clark, of Hudson; 
Sarah C. Gates, born September 10, 1865, mar- 
ried E. W. Van Deusen, of New York ; iv. 
Florence E. Gates, born March 28, 1878, mar- 
ried, October 5, 1895, Walter H. White, of 
Hudson) ; iii. Ellen C. Whitcomb, born Au- 
gust 13, 1846; iv. Henry S. Whitcomb, born 
November 13, 1848, married. May i, 1878, 
Hattie Wadhaus, of Ypsilanti, Michigan, and 
had Ada Frances, born in Chicago, May 31, 
1879. 2. Alfred, January 27, 1812, died De- 
cember 27, 1897; married. May 17, 1837, ]\Iar- 
garet Hendry, of Peacham, Vermont ; chil- 
dren : Amory, Laura, Lucien, all residing in 
the west. 3. Emily, June 26, 181 5, died De- 
cember 15, 1874; married, April 28, 1841, 
Reuben Newton. 4. Edwin, July 20, 181 7, 
mentioned below. Child of second wife: 5. 
Margaret H. ( mentioned as heir in settlement 
of estate). 

( VH ) Edwin, son of Daniel Sawyer, was 
born at Bolton, Massachusetts, July 20, 18 17, 
died at Watertown, Massachusetts, July 20, 
1885. He received his educational training in 
the schools of his native town, and upon tak- 
ing up the practical duties of life learned the 
wheelwright trade, which line he pursued 
throughout the active years of his life. He 
removed to Watertown in 1856 and here also 
became known as a skillful and reliable wagon 
maker ; he was scrupulously just and con- 
scientious in all his affairs, and was regarded 
as a useful and good citizen. He married, at 
Stow. Massachusetts, jNIarch 3, 1850, Sarah 
B. Wright, of Boxboro, Massachusetts, daugh- 
ter of Joel and Dolly ( Reid ) Wright, she died 
at Watertown, February 8. 1902. Of this mar- 
riage was born one child, Herbert H., born 
July 6, 1857, mentioned below. 

(VHE) Herbert H., son of Edwin Sawyer, 
was born in Watertown, July 6, 1857. He 
was educated in the public schools of his native 
town. After leaving school he at once engaged 
in a commercial life, eventually becoming a 
proprietor and owner of the largest manu- 
facturing industry of its kind in Xew England. 
He was a prominent citizen, holding many 
offices of responsibility and trust of both public 
and private nature. He married, June 18, 
1883. Alice Jane Tourtellotte, born April 22, 
1855, daughter of William H. and Mercy Jane 
(Comstock) Tourtellotte. They have one 
child, Minnie T., born October 26, 1884. (See 

sketches of Tourtellotte and Comstock fami- 

•The Tourtellotte Line). 

(I) Abraham Tourtellotte, (name also 
spelled Turtelotte, Turtellot, Turtelott, Tour- 
tellott) immigrant ancestor, was a native of 
Bordeaux, France, and was a merchant and 
mariner. He arrived in Boston in the ship, 
"Friendship," John Ware, master, from Lon- 
don in 1687. In 1688 he was appointed admin- 
istrator of the estate of his brother Benjamin, 
who died September 25, 1687, on the voyage 
from London. He settled first in Roxbury, 
ALassachusetts, and removed in 1697 to New- 
port, Rhode Island. He sold his mansion house 
at Roxbury, and two and one half acres of 
land, to Prudence Thompson, June i, 1699. 
Both he and his son Gabriel were lost at sea 
while on the way to Newport on a vessel of 
which he was master. His widow died at the 
home of her son, Abraham, in Gloucester, 
Rhode Island. He married, in Roxbury, 1692- 
93, Marie Bernon, daughter of Gabriel and 
Esther (LeRoy) Bernon. Gabriel Bernon was 
of noble descent according to the French stand- 
ards of nobility. The family claimed affilia- 
tion with the house of the Dukes of Burgundy, 
and it seems very probable that that claim was 
well founded, but by documentary evidence 
they were descendants of Raoul de Bernon, 
who fought in the Crusades and who had a 
coat-of-arms which he was entitled to trans- 
mit to his descendants, of whom Gabriel was 
certainly one. Two mayors of Rochelle in 
successive generations were elected from this 
family and this under French law and the 
charter of the city ennobled them and their 
descendants. He may have made an earlier 
marriage and had children by his first wife, 
but if so, they did not come to America. He 
was a Huguenot in religion. Children: i. 
Gabriel, born September 24, 1694, in Roxbury, 
lost at sea; unmarried. 2. Esther, June 12, 
1696, married, January 19, 1716, Israel Hard- 
ing, son of John Harding. 3. Abraham, about 
1698, mentioned below. 

( II ) Abraham ( 2 ) .son of Abraham ( i ) Tour- 
tellotte, was born in September or October, 
1698, probably in Newport, Rhode Island, 
( some family authorities say Roxbury, Massa- 
chusetts) died November 23, 1762. He was 
a joiner by trade. He was admitted a freeman 
in 1722 and that year bought of Joseph Hop- 
kins sixty-seven acres of land with house, in 
Providence. On January 29, 1724, he bought 
of Samuel Inmaii a house and twenty acres 



for sixty pounds, and the same date sold to 
William Bates for forty pounds twenty acres 
"where Samuel Inman dwelleth, with house 
etc." He removed to Gloucester, Rhode Island, 
and March 14, 1743, was granted a license to 
keep a tavern in the house where he dwelt. 
On September 8 following his wife, Hannah, 
brought in an account of her first husband's 
estate, being Jeremiah Corpe, innholder, who 
was drowned by falling from a sloop April 
22, 1 74 1. The inn kept by Abraham Tour- 
tellotte may have been and probably was the 
same kept by Jeremiah Corpe. Abraham was 
deputy to the general court in 1747. His will 
was d'ated November 19, 1757, proved April 
13, 1763, and bequeathed to wife and children, 
and was quite complicated. There was a dis- 
pute as to its validity on account of the condi- 
tion of mind of the maker, and his sons Abra- 
ham and Benjamin appealed to the governor 
and council. The executors named refusing to 
take administration, it was granted to his son 
Abraham. The inventory amounted to one 
thousand three hundred and eighty-five pounds, 
eighteen shillings, and included a large amount 
of household goods. Abraham married (first) 
Lydia Ballard, born March 29, 1700, daugh- 
ter of Isaac and Dorothy (Hearnden) Ballard. 
He married (second) January 29, 1743, Han- 
nah Corpe, born November 6, 1713, widow of 
Jeremiah Corpe, and daughter of William and 
Elizabeth (Stafford) Case. He married 
(third) Welthian Williams, daughter of Nehe- 
miah and Rachel (Mann) Sheldon. She mar- 
ried (third) May 27, 1770, Samuel Thurber. 
Children of first wife: I. ]\Iary, born March 
20, 1 72 1. 2. Lydia. January 24, 1723. 3. 
Esther, January 24. 1723 (twin). 4. Abra- 
ham, February 27, 1725. 5. Jonathan. Sep- 
tember 15. 1728. 6. Benjamin, November 30, 
1730. 7. Sarah, April 22, 1735. Children of 
second wife: 8. Stephen. 9. William. 10. 
Jesse, mentioned below. 11. Daniel. 12. Anne. 
(Ill) Jesse, son of Abraham Tourtellotte, 
was born about 1740. He settled in Mendon, 
Massachusetts, and was a soldier in the revo- 
lution from that town, a private in Captain 
Peter Penniman's company. Lieutenant Col- 
onel Nathan Tyler's regiment from Decem- 
ber 8, 1776, to January 2. 1777, at Providence, 
Rhode Island; also in Captain B. Read's com- 
pany. Colonel Nathan Tyler's regiment in 1780. 
( See p. 200 : Vol. XVI Mass. Soldiers and 
Sailorsl. His will is in the Worcester records, 
dated August 29, 1837, and proved April 26, 
1 841. He bequeathed to wife Lydia and to 
children mentioned below. Children: I. 

Levina, married Benson. 2. Lydia, 

married Warfield. 3. Betsey, married 

Albee. 4. Stephen. 5. John. 6. Ethan. 

7. Jesse. 8. Daniel, born 1771 (probably not 
the youngest, however), mentioned below. 

(IV) Daniel, son of Jesse Tourtellotte, was 
born at Mendon, Massachusetts, 1771, died at 
Sutton, August 17', 1844. Some of his descend- 
ants have not used the final vowel in the sur- 
name. He settled in Sutton, Massachusetts, 
where he bought his homestead of Colonel 
Jason Waters. It was originally a wheel- 
wright shop owned by Reuben Chase and 
Origen Harback and in the present generation 
was owned by the late George C. Earle. Daniel 
was a very prominent man in his day in Sut- 
ton, deputy sheriff several years and justice 
of the peace. He married Freelove Angell, 
born in Smithfield, Rhode Island, February 
28, 1779, died at ]Millbury, IMassachusetts, No- ' 
vember 16, 1869. Children, born at Sutton: 
I. Paris, May 14, 1797. 2. George Angell, Au- 
gust 30, 1800. died at Worcester, February 
16, 1847, buried at Sutton. 3. Daniel Comar, 
August 25, 1804, mentioned below. 4. Samuel, 
August 5, 1806. 5. Charles Angell, March 21, 
1810. 6. Maria, August 5, 1812, married John 
Gleason, of Worcester. (See New England 
Register, July, 1908). 7. Stephen Decatur, 
October I, 1815. 8. Ruth Angell, June 16, 
1 82 1, died November 25, 1839. 

{\') Colonel Daniel Comar, son of Daniel 
Tourtellotte, was born August 25, 1804, at 
Sutton. He was educated in the common 
schools of his native town. He was colonel 
of his militia regiment, and one of the leading 
citizens. He bought a house, the Parley 
Waters House, as it has been called in late 
years. His brothers, Paris and George A. 
Tourtellotte, succeeded Colonel George C. 
Earle as proprietors of the tavern at Sutton. 
Charles A. Tourtellotte succeeded George A. 
as owner of the old hotel stand and George 
A. kept a hotel afterward at Templeton where 
he died. Charles A. Tourtellotte kept a hotel 
at Millbury, still known by the older citzens 
by his name. Daniel C. Tourtellotte learned 
the trade of blacksmith and wheelwright and 
had a shop a little north of the tavern equipped 
with water power and he did an extensive 
wheelwright business for many years. About 
1845 lie removed to Worcester. He married 
(first) (intention dated October 6, 1827) 
Sarah Sibley, born 1807, died December 28, 
1843, daughter of Moses and Sarah Sibley. 
He married (second) Huldah Sarepta Stock- 
well, born July I, 1818, died August 13, 1846, 


/ ^Ocmaf ^o(/f/e//o/u 



daughter of Peter and Huldah Stockwell. He 
married (third) Elizabeth L3'ons. Children 
of first wife, born at Sutton : i. Helen JNIaria, 

born January 15, 1829, married (first) 

Burden; (second) Dexter Sanders; children, 
Herbert and Clarence. 2. William Henry, 
November 15, 1831, mentioned below. 3. 
Daniel H., October 2t„ 1833. 4. Ruth Angell, 
December 15, 1835. 5. Sarah Sibley, Decem- 
ber 18, 1837. 6. John, December 10, 1839. 7. 
Frances Cornelia, October 29, 1841, married 

Kirby. Child of second wife : 8. 

Sarepta, born and died April 13, 1846, at 
Worcester. Children of third wife, born in 
Worcester: 9. Edward, married Belle Kins- 
ley. 10. Louisa. II. Sarepta, unmarried. 

(VI) William Henry, son of Colonel Daniel 
Comar Tourtellotte, was born in Sutton, No- 
vember 15, 1 83 1. He was educated in the 
public schools, of Worcester. He married 
Mercy Jane Comstock, born March 22, 1834, 
daughter of John and Sabra (Needham) Com- 
stock. (See Comstock family). Children: i. 
Alice Jane, born April 22, 1855, married Her- 
bert H. Sawyer, born July 6, 1857, (see Saw- 
yer family). 2. Minnie D., August 13, 1857, 
died June 15, 1872. 

(The Comstock Line). 

The name Komstock is frequently found in 
Germany, but the name is there uniformly 
spelled with a K. In the Muniment Office at 
Frankfort-on-the-Main in Germany is a pedi- 
gree of the family of Comstock which gives 
nine generations previous to 1547 when Charles 
Von Komstohk, a baron of the Roman Empire, 
was implicated in Von Benedict treason, and 
escaped into England with several noblemen of 
Austria and Silesia. The arms are or (gold) 
two bears rampant sable (black) muzzled, gules 
(red) in chief; and in base a sword issuing 
from Crescent, the point downward ; all the 
last gules (red). Upon the arms a Baronial 
helmet of the German Empire mantled or and 
gules (gold and red) surmounted by a Baron's 
Coronet jewelled proper, issuing therefrom an 
Elephant proper and rampant. The Bears 
imply Courage. The sword issuing from the 
Crescent shows that the family had fought 
against the Turks. The Elephant rampant in 
the Crest was given as an indication of per- 
sonal prowess and sagacity. 

(I) William Comstock, immigrant ancestor, 
came from England with his wife Elizabeth 
and settled first in Wethersfield, Connecticut. 
He subsequently removed to New London. 
Children: i. Samuel, mentioned below. 2. 

William Jr. 3. Daniel, died in New London 
m 1683, aged about fifty-three. 4. Probably 
Christopher, of Fairfield in 1661. 

(II) Samuel, son of William Comstock, was 
born probably in England, and died about 1660. 
He married Ann , who married (sec- 
ond) John Smith, a stone mason, and died 
after 1661. The name of Samuel Comstock 
appears frequently on the court records both 
as plaintiff and defendant. He removed to 
Providence, Rhode Island, and March i, 1654, 
bought of John Smith, who afterwards became 
Ann Comstock's second husband, his house 
and lot, comprising four acres of land, in the 
north part of Providence. Children: i. 
Samuel, mentioned below. 2. Daniel, born in 
May, 1665. 

(III) Captain Samuel (2), son of Samuel 
(i) Comstock, was born in 1654, died May 
27, 1727. He resided in Providence, Rhode 
Island. He was deputy to the general assembly 
in 1699-1702-07-08-11. He was appointed 
May 6, 1702, on a committee by the assembly 
to audit the general treasurer's accounts and 
other colony debts. He deposed March 22, 
1717, that he was sixty-three years old. His 
will dated December 21, 1726, proved Septem- 
ber 18, 1727, bequeathed to wife Elizabeth his 
negro woman Effie and all the rest of movable 
estate for life, at her death to be given to the 
children. He married^ November 22, 1678, 
Elizabeth Arnold, who died October 20, 1747, 
daughter of Thomas and Phebe (Parkhurst) 
Arnold, Children: i. Samuel, born April 16, 
1680, died April i, 1727 ; married Anne Inman. 

2. Hazadiah, April 16, 1682, died February 

21, 1764; married (first) Catherine Pray; 
(second) August 10, 1730, Martha Balcom. 

3. Thomas, November 7, 1684, died 1761 ; mar- 
ried. July 9, 1713, Mercy Jenckes. 4. Daniel, 
July 9, 1686, died December 22, 1768; married 
(first) ; (second) August 2, 1750, Eliz- 
abeth Buffum. 5. Elizabeth, December 18, 
1690, married, December i, 1717, John Sayles. 
6. John. March 26, 1693, mentioned below. 7. 
Ichabod, June 9, 1696, died January 26, 1775; 
married '(first) September 13, 1722, Zibiah 
Wilkinson; (second) March 26, 1747, Eliza- 
beth Boyce. 8. Job, April 4, 1699, married 
(first) Phebe Jenckes; (second) November 

22, 1735, Phebe Balcom. 

(IV) John, son of Captain Samuel (2) 
Comstock, was born March 26, 1693, died Jan- 
uary 12, 1750. He resided in Providence, was 
a blacksmith, and a very wealthy man for his 
day. He deeded much of his property to his 
sons before he died. To his son Samuel thirty 



acres, dwelling house and barn ; to son Joseph 
seventeen acres and dwelling house ; to son 
Jeremiah one hundred and fifty acres; to son 
John, a quarter of forge adjoining to corn mill 
etc; to sons John, Jonathan, James, Nathan 
and Ichabod "my homestead farm and dwell- 
ing house in which I now dwell, about 170 
acres, and also land in the neck I bought of 
Sam, an Indian, and other lots." Adminis- 
tration of his estate was granted to his sons 
Samuel and John, February 12, 1750, and the 
inventory was one thousand nine hundred and 
sixty-eight pounds, two shillings. He was 
buried in the North Burial ground. He mar- 
ried (first) Esther Jenckes, daughter of Will- 
iam and Patience (Sprague) Jenckes. He 
married (second) Sarah Dexter, born June 
27. 1698, died 1773, daughter of John and 
Alice (Smith) Dexter. Children: i. Samuel, 
born 1715, died January 16, 1755; married, 
January i, 1738, Anne Brown. 2. Joseph, 
"married, June 7, 1747, Anne Comstock : died 
March 2, 1800. 3. Jeremiah, mentioned below. 
4. John, died 1813; married, April 4, 1751, 
Mary Ballou. 5. Jonathan, married, April 9, 
1750, Sarah Comstock. 6. James, born De- 
cember 12, 1733, married Esther Comstock; 
died March 7, 1791. 7. Nathan, born Decem- 
ber 5, 1735, died 1816; married, March 29, 
1764, Mary Staples. 8. Ichabod, died De- 
cember 19, 1800; married, April 11, 1760, 
Sarah Jenckes. 

(\') Jeremiah, son of John Comstock, mar- 
ried, October 25, 1749, Phebe Arnold, born 
November 18, 1729. Children: i. Esek, men- 
tioned below. 2. David, born at Gloucester. 
Rhode Island; married, 1780, Rachel Harring- 
ton, and removed to Danby, Connecticut. 3. 
Lavina, married, March 19, 1780, Amos Brown. 

(\'l) Esek, son of Jeremiah Comstock, 
married, March 22, 1770, Hannah Carey, 
daughter of Benjamin Carey, of Uxbridge, 
Massachusetts. She died August 30, 1839, 
aged ninety-seven years. He lived in Glou- 
cester and Burrillville, Rhode Island. Chil- 
dren: I. John, born October 10, 1786, men- 
tioned below. 2. Jesse, born at Burrillville, 

married, September 25, 1810, Rachel , 

and removed to Michigan in 1822. 3. Caleb, 
died 1849; married, September 13, 1844, 
Waity Whipple. 4. David, died about 1851 ; 
married Mary Lasure. 5. Ruth. 6. Rhoda. 
7. Europa. 8. Deborah. 

( \TI ) John, son of Esek C<:imstock, was 
born October 10. 1786, died September 25, 
1834. He resided in Burrillville. He married, 
in 1816, Sabra Needham, of Charlton, Massa- 

chusetts, who died August 21, 1868. Chil- 
dren: I. Jesse, born May 10, 1818, died Octo- 
ber 3, 1893; married, August 26, 1840, Hannah 
Bushnell. 2. William, July 14, 1820, married 
Elizabeth Talbot. 3. Clarissa, October 17, 
1822, married Otis Lamb. 4. John, Septem- 
ber 7, 1824, married Dorcas Ward. 5. Ruth, 
November 13, 1826. 6. Hiram, January i, 
1829, married (first) August 15, 1854, Sarah 
Talbot; (second) December 20, 1856, Ellen 
Talbot; (third) September 23, 1864, Mary 
M. Wood. 7. Susan Emeline, July 25, 1831. 
8. J\Iercy Jane, March 22, 1834, married Will- 
iam Henry Tourtellotte (see sketch of Tour- 
tellotte family). 

(For first generation see Thomas Sawyer .). 

(II) Caleb, son of Thomas 
SA\\'YER (i) Sawyer, was born in Lan- 
caster, February 20, 1659, died 
February 13, 1755. He had a grant of thirty 
acres on the east side of Bare Hill, now Har- 
vard. He probably built his house soon after 
the massacre of 1697, and he was in the Bare 
Hill garrison in 1704. Near his home was the 
famous "rendezvous tree" often mentioned in 
the old records. Sawyer outlived all the other 
pioneer settlers of Harvard. His old house, 
now or lately owned by James Ford, is still 
known as the ^\'ashington Warner place. 
Before his death Caleb Sawyer divided his 
farm between his sons Seth and Jonathan. 
Seth lived in the old house with his father ; 
Jonathan built a new house to the northward. 
Caleb Sawyer was selectman in 1737. He 
married, December 28, 1687, Sarah Houghton, 
whose brother James went to Harvard to settle 
with him, and is ancestor of the Houghtons 
of Harvard. Children: i. Jonathan, born 
1690, mentioned below. 2. Seth, 1705, died 
May 29, 1768; married (first) January 11, 
1726, Dinah Farrar, who died October 25, 
1727; (second) October 12, 1732, Hepsibah 
Whitney, of Harvard ; children : i. Betsey, 
born November 15, 1741 ; ii. John; iii. Caleb; 
iv. Phinehas, July 25, 1746; v. Dinah, April 
25, 1749. 3. Abigail, 1706, died August 6, 
1760; married, November 18, 1729, Thomas 
^\'right; children: ,i. Thomas, born I\Iay 18, 
1730; ii. Abel, 1749. 4. Hepsibah, 1708, mar- 
ried, February 25, 1724, William ^^^^itcomb; 
children: i. J\Iary, born 1730; ii. Abigail, 1731 ; 
iii. Thankful, 1734; iv. Relief, 1735; v. Han- 
nah, 1738: vi. Hepsibah, 1740. 5. John. 

(Ill) Captain Jonathan, son of Caleb Saw- 
yer, was born at Lancaster, 1690, died Sep- 
tember 30, 1746. He removed with his par- 



ents to Harvard when a lad and lived there 
all his life. He was selectman in 1734, and on 
the building committee of the church in 1732. 
He was in the Lancaster troop, and in 1737 
succeeded Captain Thomas Carter as captain 
under Colonel Samuel Willard. He married 
Elizabeth Wheelock, born 1699, died Novem- 
ber 14, 1791. Children: i. Jonathan, born 
1716, married, September 30, 1740, Betty 
Whiting; child, Luke. 2. Elizabeth, 1717. 3. 

Caleb, June 19, 1720, married Reed; 

children : i. Abigail ; ii. Caleb, born March 2, 
1754; iii. Ephraim; iv. IManassah, born March 

2, 1759, a revolutionary soldier; v. Jonathan. 
4. Olive, 1726. 5. Sarah, June, 1727. 6. 
Manasseh, baptized April 10, 1729, mentioned 
below. 7. Lois, baptized March 8, 1732. 

(IV) Manasseh, son of Captain Jonathan 
Sawyer, was born in Har\-ard, Massachusetts, 
and baptized in the First Church at Lancaster, 
April 10, 1729. He had half his father's home- 
stead, upon which he built his house. He be- 
queathed his home to his son Luther, who in 
turn left it to his son Arad, and all three gen- 
erations spent their lives on this farm. He 
had the third seat in the meeting house in 
1775. He marched to Cambridge on the alarm, 
April 19, 1775, under Captain Joseph Fair- 
banks, doubtless his brother-in-law. Colonel 
Asa Whitcomb's regiment. Left place of 
rendezvous April 20, 1775, service two days. 
He was too old to enter the Continental army, 
being above the age limit, but on the Rhode 
Island alarm, July 22, 1777, served again under 
Captain Hezekiah \Miitney, Colonel Josiah 
Whitney's regiment, service two days. He 
married, at Harvard, February 18, 1756, Lydia 
Fairbanks, born August 16, 1731, daughter of 
Joseph and Mary (Brown) Fairbanks, descend- 
ant of Jonathan Fairbanks, of Dedham. Chil- 
dren, born at Harvard: i. Jonathan, born 
March 9, 1758, killed in the revolution. 2. 
Jabez, December 24, 1759, mentioned below. 

3. Lydia, November 30, 1761. 4. Rhoda, 
March 30, 1764. 5. Abijah, August 12, 1766. 
6. Manasseh Jr., September 6, 1768, married 
Merpy Mead ; children : i. Jonathan, July 26, 
1789; ii. Manasseh, July 28, 1791 ; iii. Rebecca, 
March 14, 1793; iv. Nathaniel, December 10, 
1795 ; V. Mercy, December 26, 1798 ; vi. Josiah, 
December 9, 1802. 7. Joseph, April 4, 1771, 
died young. 8. Luther, April 8, 1773, died 
April" 2, 1824, married, December 30, 1797, 
Achsa Burnham ; children : i. Luke, born De- 
cember 7, 1798; ii. Luther, January 18, 1802; 
iii. Sophia, December 27, 1803; iv. Nahurn, 
January i, 1805; v. Hilary, June 13, 1806; vi. 

Arad, July 15, 1808; vii. Cephas, Alarch 16, 
1810 : viii. Lydia, December 4, 181 1 ; ix. Abner, 
October 9, 1813; x. Jabez, January 4, 1819; 
xi. Achsa. 

(V) Jabez, son of IManasseh Sawyer, was 
born at Harvard, Massachusetts, December 24, 
1759, died at Fitchburg, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 21, 1841. He was brought up on his 
father's farm, accjuiring the usual common 
school education of a farmer's son at that 
period. He remained on the farm until after 
the war of the revolution, and after that up 
to the time of his marriage. He served as a pri- 
vate in Captain Samuel Hill's company. Colonel, 
Josiah Whitney's regiment, and marched from 
Harvard, October 2, 1777, under Lieutenant- 
Colonel Ephraim Sawyer on a thirty days ex- 
pedition with the northern army under General 
Gates; service to October 26, 1777, twenty- 
fourdays. ( Mass. Rolls, vol. xiii. p. 870). Previ- 
ous to his marriage in 1787 he removed to 
West Fitchburg and bought a farm on the old 
road to Ashburnham, near the Cowden farm. 
On ^larch 3, 1800. he was voted school com- 
mitteeman in District No. 6, also March 5, 
1810, and February 14. 1816. He was chosen 
highway surveyor, JMarch, 1805, March 6, 1809, 
March 4, 181 1. He was chosen fence viewer 
March 6, 181 5. He is buried in the old South 
Street cemetery. Fie was a man of a kindly and 
amiable disposition, beloved by all who knew 
him. He married, 1787. (intentions dated Au- 
gust 18, 1787) Hannah Brooks, born May 17, 
1766, died December 15, 1846, daughter of 
John and Eunice (Darby) Brooks, of West- 
minster, who were married January i, 1754- 
Children: i. Lydia, born August 16, 1788, 
married, September 17, 1812. Ebenezer Thurs- 
ton, of Fitchburg. 2. Levi, August 2, 1790, 
died August 5, 1790. 3- Jabez, born Septem- 
ber 10, 1792, died July 28, 1824; married, April 
8, 1819, Susan O. Thurston; children: i. 
Samuel Thurston, born December 22, 1819; 
ii. Mary; iii. Jabez, October 5, 1824. 4. Asa, 
October 22, 1794, died 1881 ; married (iirst) 
Nancy Thurston ; child, Nancy, born October 
6, 1819, married J. B. Davis; married (sec- 
ond ) Betsey Keyes ; children : i. Joseph Henry, 
born March 26, 1825; ii. Henry Edwin, Feb- 
ruary 19, 1827, married Mary E. Wilson; chil- 
dren: Franklin and George; iii. Evelyn Eliz- 
abeth, November 3, 1828, married Titus C. 
Waters; iv. Lydia Elvira, August 14, 1830; 
V. Ephraim, July 21, 1832, married Francis F. 
Farrar : vi. Charles K., July 14, 1835, married 
Elizabeth L. Russell ; child, Fannie E. ; vii. 
Alvin :\Ianasseh, August 8, 1839, married 



Sarah A. Collins. 5. jNIanasseh, December 26, 
1796, mentioned below. 6. John, December 2, 
1798, married Alaria Lincoln. 7. Edward, 
May 7, 1804. married, 1824, j\Iary Lincoln; 
children : i. Charles ; ii. Mary ; iii. Henry ; iv. 
Laura. 8. Charles B., May 3, 1808, married 
Elizabeth Haskell, of Fitchburg; children: i. 
Charlotte; ii. Fannie, married Charles Dean; 
iii. Anna. 

(\T) Manasseh (2), son of Jabez Sawyer, 
was born at Fitchburg, Massachusetts, Decem- 
ber 26, 1796, died at Fitchburg, October 30, 
1836. His educational training was limited to 
the public schools. During his early manhood 
years he was taught habits of industry and 
economy. He early learned the trade of shoe- 
maker, and later with his brother, John Saw- 
yer, entered into partnership in the manufac- 
ture of shoes and occupied for a number of 
years a shop in the main street. They dis- 
solved partnership in the latter part of the 
twenties, and he became associated with affairs 
of the town and continued as a town officer up 
to his death. He was elected hog reeve, March 
3, 1823; highway surveyor and constable, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1826 ; assessor and selectman, March 
3, 1828; collector, March 7, 1831 ; was on the 
school committee and had the hiring of 
teachers and general school business. He built 
a house on Main street later owned by Walter 
Haywood, and he and his brother John resided 
at one time on Mechanic street. He was a 
man of good judgment and a leader of affairs. 
He was a proficient scholar and kept in touch 
with the affairs of the world at large by con- 
stant reading. He was strong in principles, 
especially on the temperance question. He 
married Dolly Lincoln, of Leominster, died at 
Cambridge, daughter of Thomas and Abigail 
(Gibbs) Lincoln. Children: i. Abigail Laura, 
born August 23, 1824, died August 22, 1825. 

2. Thomas Lincoln, June 6, 1826, died 1847. 

3. John Snow, September 6, 1831, mentioned 

(VH) John Snow, son of Manasseh (2) 
Sawyer, was born at Fitchburg, Massachusetts, 
September 6, 1831. He was educated n the 
public schools, at Stephen Holman's Academy 
and at Lawrence Academy of Groton, Massa- 
chusetts. He stood at the head of his class in 
the Fitchburg high school. At the age of 
eighteen years he began work in the scythe 
factory at \\'est Fitchburg. After a year in 
this trade he became clerk in the general store 
of Crehore & Smith. He was in that position 
one year, then clerk for a year in the Union 

Store of Fitchburg, and for three years in the 
grocery store of Abel Stevens. In 1852 he 
was clerk in the store of John Gove, dealer in 
furnishing goods. Merchants' Row, Boston, 
later clerk in a commission house on India 
wharf and for the American Powder Company 
at the same location. He embarked in business 
as a grocer in Syracuse. In 1859 he bought 
a patent right for roofing and engaged in the 
roofing and contracting business throughout 
New England, with his place of business at 
Cambridge, Massachusetts. He also established 
a fire insurance agency with an office on Mass- 
achusetts avenue, Cambridge, and has built up 
an extensive business, representing the Ger- 
mania Fire Insurance Company, National Fire 
Insurance Company of Hartford, German 
Alliance and the ]\Iiddlesex Mutual Fire In- 
surance Company of Concord, Massachusetts, 
of which he has been a director for many 
years. Since 1890 Mr. Sawyer has manufac- 
tured cement under the firm name of W. F. 
\\'ebster Cement Company, at Cambridgeport, 
the product of the concern finding a market 
in all parts of the country. The United States 
government uses large quantities of this cement 
in the construction of fortifications, etc. In 
the early part of the civil war he held the 
rank of lieutenant of a local company of home 
guards. In September, 1862, he raised a com- 
pany in the Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
assigned later to the Sixth Regiment, and he 
was commissioned captain September 6, 1862, 
Colonel Follansbee, of Lowell, commanding 
the regiment. They left for Virginia soon 
afterward, going to Washington, thence to 
Norfolk by steamer and twenty miles by rail 
to Suffolk where they went into camp. The 
regiment was assigned to the Seventh Corps, 
under General Halleck's command, and while 
not engaged in severe fighting took part in 
many minor engagements. In politics ]\Ir. 
Sawyer is a Republican and he was a member 
of the common council of Cambridge in 1866- 
67. He was made a member of Mizpah Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, November 9, 
1868. and was worshipful master in 1878-79. 
He was director of the Cambridge Masonic 
Hall Association for a time. He is charter 
member of the Cambridge Trade Association. 
Mr. Sawyer is fond of music and has an excel- 
lent bass voice. For many years he sang in 
various choirs in Boston, and he is the oldest 
living member of the famous Handel and 
Haydn Society of Boston, a member of its 
board of government. He is a member of the 



New England Rating Exchange and of the 
Boston Rating Exchange, two important fire 
insurance organizations. 

He married, December 29, 1857, Sarah, born 
December 29, 1833, daughter of Captain Levi 
and Emily (Fuller) Pratt. Her father was a 
prominent business man in Fitchburg, owner 
of saw and grist mills. Children: i. Ralph 
Hovey, born March 5, i860, mentioned below. 
2. Emma Maria, June 21, 1865, married, April 
2, 1896, George Edward McQuesten, of Bos- 
ton, born in Nashua, New Hampshire, May i, 
1868, son of George and Theodora Tilden 
(Campbell) McQuesten; children: i. Bar- 
bara, born April 7, 1905; ii. George, December 
21, 1906. 3. Harriet Lincoln, August 21, 1867, 
married, June i, 1892, Wendell Francis Brown, 
of Cambridge, born November 2, 1867, son of 
Crawford and Mary Richmond (Babcock) 
Brown, of Cambridge ; child, Ralph Sawyer, 
born October 30, 1899. 4. Anna Gertrude, 
August 8, 1870, married, May i, 1893, Ather- 
ton Loring, of Boston, born August 10, 1869, 
son of Harrison and Margaret (Gardner) 
Loring; children: i. Atherton Jr., born No- 
vember 6, 1900; ii. Anna, May 13, 1906. 

(YHI) Ralph Hovey, son of John Snow 
Sawyer, was born in Cambridge, jMarch 5, 
i860, died April 17, 1890. His elementary 
education was gained in the public schools of 
Cambridge ; he graduated from the high school 
in 1878, and subsequently pursued a course in 
a Boston business college. He then entered 
the well known banking house of Richardson, 
Hill & Company at Boston, starting as office 
boy, and by his energy and strict attention to 
business soon gained for himself such favor 
with his employers that he was promoted to 
a position of greater responsibility and remun- 
eration and was looked upon as a valuable and 
promising factor for the firm. A short time 
prior to his unfortunate death he acquired an 
interest in the business, and for two years he 
was the firm's representative on the floor of 
the stock exchange, a very responsible and 
active position. He was an indefatigable 
worker and was considered their most valuable 
man, implicitly trusted, highly esteemed by his 
firm and business associates. His thorough 
unselfishness, so charmingly manifested in his 
home circle, was a leading characteristic of 
his business and social life and drew to him a 
large circle of devoted friends. His christian 
spirit was always manifest to those with 
whom he came in contact, and in Cambridge 
society he was first among his equals. He was 
fond of his horse and a devotee to the saddle, 

being an expert horseman, and it was while 
riding with two of his most intimate friends 
that the sad and unfortunate event of his 
death happened, being thrown from his horse, 
receiving injuries that were fatal in a few 
hours. He was an attendant of the Unitarian 
church of Cambridge, a Republican in politics, 
and a member of Mizpah Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Cambridge. 

The Evans family is of ancient 

EVANS Welsh origin. The surname is 
spelled Evan and Evins in early 
records. Among the early settlers was Eliza- 
beth Evans, who lived in the family of Rev. 
John Wheelwright, of Boston and Exeter. She 
came from Bridgend, Glamorganshire, Wales. 
David Evans was 1 merchant of Boston before 
1650; Henry Ev^ns, also of Boston, as early 
as 1643, was drowned March, 1666-67. Rich- 
ard Evans came to Dorchester befote 1640. 
Thomas Evans died in Plymouth, January 27, 
1634. There was one or more of the name 
William Evans in Massachusetts before 1650. 
Some of the settlers came from England and 
were of English ancestry. Others were Welsh, 
like the family of this sketch, and doubtless 
related. A Benoni Evans, called Welsh on the 
records, and either father or son of Nicholas 
Evans (i), died at Windsor, Connecticut, May 
7, 1689. Nothing further is known of him. 

(I) Nicholas Evans, immigrant ancestor, 
possibly son of Benoni Evans, was probably 
born in Wales. He came to Windsor, Con- 
necticut, and settled in Simsbury, Connecticut. 
He died August, 1689. The names of his chil- 
dren appear in the probate records in the 
settlement of the estate and the ages of each 

are given. He married Mary , who 

married (second) Robert Westland. Children, 
recorded as born at Simsbury: i. Mercy, 
October 4, 1673. 2. Samuel, January 18, 1675- 
■jd, mentioned below. 3. Nicholas, January 2, 
1677. 4. Hannah, January 21, 1679. 5. Joseph, 
November 22, 1681. 6. Thomas, June 6, 1684. 
7. Abigail, December 8, 1686. 8. Benoni, Sep- 
tember 16, 1689 (posthumous). 

(H) Samuel, son of Nicholas Evans, was 
born at Simsbury, January 18, 1675-76, and 
died probably at Windsor. Children, born at 
Windsor: i. Martha, 1699. 2. Samuel, De- 
cember 10, 1703, mentioned below. 3. Joseph, 
July 19, 1706. 4. Thomas, January, 1708. 5. 
Nicholas, July, 1710. 6. Thankful, March 31, 
1712. 7. Ebenezer, July 17, 1714- 8. John, 
September 26, 1716. 

(HI) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Evans, 



was born in \\"indsor, December lo, 1703. He 
died at Hartford about 1754 and from deeds 
of his children we have the names of several 
Isaac Sheldon bought the interests of Samuel, 
Benoni, Deborah and JMoses Evans in the 
estate of their father Samuel, from Samuel, 
February 5, 1754, from Benoni, April 20, 1760, 
from Deborah, April 20. 1760, and from Moses, 
Februar}' 5, 1754. Moses deeded land to 
Alexander Keene)', January 21, 1754, in Hart- 
ford county. Moses, David, Benoni and 
Samuel were grantees in a deed of distribution, 
February 18, 1754, and the deeds mentioned 
to Sheldon quitclaimed their shares. Children : 
Samuel, Deborah. Benoni, Moses, mentioned 
below ; David. Perhaps others died before the 

( I\' ) Moses, son of Samuel (2) Evans, 
was born at Hartford about 1730. He deeded 
land at Hartford to Alexander Keeney, Janu- 
ary 21, 1754. He served in Captain John 
Patterson's company at Havana, Cuba, in 1762. 
Very few of the provincial soldiers who fought 
against the Spaniards in Cuba lived to return 
home. The date of his death has not been 

(\') Moses (2), son of Moses (i) Evans, 
was born in Hartford about 1755. He was a 
soldier in the revolution, a private in Captain 
Charles Ellsworth's compan)^, of East Wind- 
sor, from July 6 to December 18, 1775, under 
Colonel Jedediah Huntington, of Norwich. He 
was also in Captain Darrow's company, Col- 
onel Huntington's regiment (First Connecti- 
cut), enlisting February 15, 1777, for the war. 
During the entire year of 1781 he was in Cap- 
tain Selah Benton's company of Stratford and 
vicinity. Colonel Huntington's regiment. In 
1790 he and David Evans were heads of 
families at East Hartford, now Manchester, 
Connecticut, and Moses had two sons under 
sixteen and two females in his family. David 
had a son over sixteen, two under that age and 
two females in his family. They were prob- 
ably brothers. Moses quitclaimed real estate 
to S. Talcott, November 8, 1792, Hartford 
county. In 1888 he was a United States pen- 
sioner under the first pension law allowing 
pensions to disabled veterans who had served 
nine months or more in the revolution. His 
application for a pension is still to be seen in 
the files of the county clerk's office, Hartford. 
In 1840, according to the federal census of 
revolutionary pensioners, he was still living at 
Manchester, Connecticut. He married and 
among his children was John Carpenter, men- 
tioned below. 

( \'I ) John Carpenter, son of Moses (2) 
Evans, was born about 1775 in East Hartford, 
now ^lanchester, Connecticut. He was a glass 
blower by trade. After his marriage he re- 
moved to Peterborough and Smithfield, Dutch- 
ess county. New York, and he and his wife 
died in Smithfield. He married Penelope 
Wood, also a native of East Hartford, Con- 
necticut. He was active in the militia and on 
the occasion of the visit of General Lafayette 
to this country in 1824-25 he served for a time 
in his body-guard. Children : Carolina, Emily, 
William, mentioned below : Pamelia, Horatio, 

(\TI) William, son of John Carpenter 
Evans, was born September 3, 181 1, in Smith- 
field or Peterborough, New York^ died in 
Jamaica Plain, December 8, 1876. His four 
sisters all died in New York. He was edu- 
cated in the district schools of his native place, 
but when still very young, he left home and 
made his own way in the world. He learned 
the carpenter's trade and entered the employ 
of the Boston & Providence Railroad Com- 
pany, remaining for some time in various posi- 
tions requiring special mechanical ability. He 
resided at Jamaica Plain. In later years he 
was a very successful general contractor. He 
built the Evans House and invested exten- 
sively in real estate. He was a man of wealth 
and influence in the community, upright, in- 
dustrious and enterprising. In politics he was 
a Republican, in religion a Unitarian. He 
married, September 30, 1834, Hepzibah W. 
Weld, born at Forest Hills, Boston, May 31, 
181 2. and died at the old Evans homestead on 
the corner of Lamartine and Green streets, 
Jamaica Plain, December 28, 1905. She was 
the daughter of Deacon Joseph and Lucy 
Stratton (Richards) ^^^eld. Her father was 
a prominent citizen and extensive land-owner 
at Forest Hills : was deacon for many years 
in the LTnitarian church while Dr. Gray was 
the pastor ; died at the age of ninety-three 
years. Her mother was born in Dedham and 
lived to the age of seventy. Children i. Lucy 
P.. born August 9, 1835, died in 1838. 2. 
William Jonathan Richards, July 21, 1837, 
mentioned below. 3. Francisco W., August 
31, 1840, died April 25, 1867; married Caro- 
line Wadsworth Adams, now resident of 
Jamaica Plain. 4. Eugene H., May 9, 1844, 
died March 4, 1848. 5. Emma Wood, March 
19, 1850, died August 27, 1874; unmarried. 6. 
Thomas. August 13, 1852, died December 24, 
1908. unmarried. 

(VIII) William Jonathan Richards, son of 



William Evans, was born in Forest Hills, Bos- 
ton, July 21, 1837, died April 2, 1895, at the 
home on South street, Jamaica Plain. He was 
educated in the public schools. For some years 
he was clerk in a crockery store in Boston. 
Then he became associated with his father as 
a general contractor. They had contracts with 
the city of Boston for filling a large section of 
the marshes known as the South Back Bay, 
now entirely filled, and the finest residential 
and business section of Boston, almost entirely 
built up. The large real estate interests of his 
father reciuired all his attention in later years. 
They included the Evans House on Tremont 
street, Boston ; Washington Market on Wash- 
ington street, Boston. During a long and active 
life he was a prominent figure in the real estate 
world. He resided on South street, Jamaica 
Plain, and was one of the best known citizens 
in that section of Boston. He was a member 
of the Elliot Lodge of Free ^Masons and other 
local societies. In politics he was a Repub- 
lican, in religion a Unitarian. He was a mem- 
ber of the First Congregational Society of 
Jamaica Plain. He married, July 16, i860, 
in Jamaica Plain. Ellen Seaver, born there 
October 21, 1837. daughter of Robert ami 
Abigail ( Patch ) Seaver. Her father was born 
in Jamaica Plain and her mother in Ashburn- 
ham, Massachusetts. Mr. Seaver was a promi- 
nent grocer, conducting the old Seaver grocery 
established before 1800 by his father, Joshua 
Seaver. Joshua Seaver married Ann Sumner, 
a kinswoman of Senator Charles Sumner. They 
were prominent in social life and in the Uni- 
tarian church of Jamaica Plain. (See Seaver 
family). Mrs. Evans resides at 320 Lamartine 
street, Jamaica Plain, and is active in church and 
social life. She is a member of the Unitarian 
church and of the Tuesday Club. Children : i. 
Francisco W., born August 20, 1861, died 
April 21, 1875. 2. Eleanor S., Februarv 10, 
1864, married, October 28, 1889. Edward W. 
Beemer, and they have five children : Doro- 
thy, Edward W., ]\Iade]ine, William E. and 
Eleanor. 3. Alice, February 5, 1867, died 
May II, 1867. 4. William E., April 4. 1869, 
and is a mill engineer. He married Agness W. 
Emerson, of Waterloo, New Brunswick, Sep- 
tember 23, 1903, and has two children : Eu- 
gene E., born September 4, 1904; Louise, born 
March 10, 1907. 

(The Seaver Line). 

According to tradition the earliest member 
of the Seaver family came in Cromwell's army 
into Ireland. He settled in the Townland of 

Trea, near Armagh, which he led under the 
Primate of that See, and his name was Charles 
Seaver. The coat-of-arms borne by the branch 
of the family in Ireland is the only one known, 
and is as follows : Argent a chevron gules 
between three doves pecking sheaves of wheat, 
proper. Crest : .\ hand and arm, holding a 
sword erect, encircled by a laurel wreath, all 
proper. ]\Iotto: Sume superbiam quaesitam 

(I) Robert Seaver, immigrant ancestor, was 
born about 1608, probably in England. On 
jMarch 24, 1633-34, at the age of about twenty- 
five, he took the oath of supremacy and allegi- 
ance to pass for New England in the ship 
''Mary and John" of London, Robert Sayres, 
master. In the same ship came William Bal- 
lard, and in 1633 also came Elizabeth Ballard, 
''a maide servant she came in the year 1633 
and soone after joyned to the church, she was 
afterwards married to Robert Sever of this 
church, where she led a godly conversation" 
(church records). She died June 6, 1657. He 
settled in Roxbury and was admitted a free- 
man April 18, 1637. His name was spelled 
variously in the records Sever, Seavers, Civer, / 

Seaver. He married (second) -, who 

was buried December 18, 1669. Pope says his 
first wife was Elizabeth Allard. and his sec- 
ond wife Elizabeth Ballard. He married a 
third wife, who is mentioned in the will, 
though not by name. His will was dated Janu- 
ary 16, 1681, and proved July 5, 1683. Accord- 
ing to the town records, he died May 13, 1683, 
aged about seventy-five. The church records 
say he was buried June 6, 1683. Children: i. 
Shubael, born January 31, 1639, died January 

18, 1729-30. 2. Caleb, August 30, 1641, died 
March 6, 17 13. 3. Joshua (twin), August 30, 
1641, mentioned below. 4. Elizabeth, Novem- 
ber 19, 1643, married Samuel Crafts, of Rox- 
bury, 1661. 5. Nathaniel, January 8, 1645, 
killed by the Indians at Sudbury, April 21, 
1676. 6. Hannah. February 14, 1647, died 
June 3, 1647. 7. Hannah, October 13, 1650, 
buried March 3, 1653. 

(II) Joshua, son of Robert Seaver, was 
born at "Roxbury, August 30, 1641, and lived 
at Ro.xbury. Pie was admitted a freeman 
March 22, 1689-90. His will was proved in 
1730, and the inventory was filed August 25, 
of that year. He married, February 28, 1677, 
Mary Pepper, widow of Joseph Pepper. Chil- 
dren : I. Joshua, born February 18, 1678, 
died intestate 1739; married Mercy • 

2. Mary, March 29, 1683. died May 22, 1683. 

3. Mary, August 15, 1684, married. May 30, 



1728, Samuel Paine, and removed to Pom fret 
Connecticut. 4. Ebenezer, August i, 16 
mentioned below. 5. John, baptized August 7 
1687, probably a twin. 6. Sarah. 7. Jemima 
married, December 3, 171 3, John Woods. 8, 
Robert, born December 30, 1697, died young 
9. Robert, December 30, 1698. 10. Jonathan 
November 8, 1700. 

(III) Ebenezer, son of Joshua Seaver, was 
born in Roxbury, August i^ 1687, and died 
May 8, 1773. He married, December 2, 1714, 
Margaret Heath, who died November 30, 1765. 
Children: i. Hannah, born April 24, 1716, 
married, November 23, 1732, Peter Seaver, 
son of Shubael Seaver. 2. Sarah, August 13, 
1718, married, October 15, 1741, John Newell, 
of Brookline. 3. Ebenezer, April 26, 1721, 
mentioned below. 4. Mary, February 11, 1725, 
estate administered May 26, 1769. 5. Joshua, 
September 11, 1728, died September 4, 1773. 
6. Susannah, August 28, 1740, will proved 
October 6, 1769. 

(IV) Ebenezer (2), son of Ebenezer (i) 
Seaver, was born at Roxbury, April 26, 1721. 
His will was proved April 12, 1785. He mar- 
ried (first) November 5, 1755, Mary Weld, 
who died May 8, 1766. He married (second) 
Tabitha Davenport, born August 9, 1737, died 
^larch I, 1804, daughter of Ebenezer and Sub- 
mit Davenport, of Dorchester. Children of 
first wife: i. IMary, born September i, 1756, 
died November 19, 1763. 2. Hannah, October 
30, 1758, married. May 24, 1786, James Lewis, 
of Roxbury. 3. Jonathan, i\Iay 19, 1761, died 
March 6, 1763. 4. Ebenezer, July 5, 1763, 
died March i, 1844. Children by second wife: 
5. Margaret, April 18, 1772, died February 20, 
1776. 6. Joshua, September 30, 1774, died 
October 11, 1774. 7. Margaret, October 24, 
1775, married, December 11, 1804, Rufus Kel- 
ton: died February 25, 1816. 8. Joshua, Janu- 
^^y I5> I779' mentioned below. 

(V) Joshua, son of Ebenezer (2) Seaver, 
was born in Roxbury, January 15, 1779, died 
September 11, 1833. He married, April 6, 
1803, Nancy Sumner, who died October 23, 
1837, aged fifty-seven years, six months. He 
was a resident of Jamaica Plain, and promi- 
nent in the early history of that town. He 
kept a grocery store there. He and his wife 
were for many years members of the Uni- 
tarian church. Children: i. Joshua, born No- 
vember 15. 1803. 2. Rufus Kelton, October 
19, 1804, died October 5, 1805. 3. Ann Tabitha, 
January 31, 1806. 4. Nathaniel, December 14, 
1807, married, March 3, 1833, Ann Jane Cod- 
man. 5. John Prince, September 11, 1809. 

died December, 1864. 6. Robert, February 23, 
1812, mentioned below. 7. Seth Sumner, July 

10, 1 81 6, died February 21, 1817. 8. William, 
March 17, 1818. 9. Joseph, December 22, 
1819, died March 8, 1821. 10. Joseph, Sep- 
tember 7, 1822. 

(Vl) Robert, son of Joshua Seaver, was 
born at Jamaica Plain, February 23. 1812, died 
July 18, 1882. He was a prominent citizen of 
Jamaica Plain, and conducted the grocery store 
which his father had established. He mar- 
ried, November 20, 1834, in Boston, Abigail 
Fairbanks Patch, born in Phillipston, Massa- 
chusetts. IMarch 14, 181 3, died March 29, 1884. 
For many years the}' were active members of 
Dr. Gray"s church. Children: i. N. Augusta, 
born January 28, 1836. 2. Ellen, October 21, 
1837, married, July 16, i860, William J. R. 
Evans (see Evans family). 3. Robert, July 

11, 1840. 4. Maha. L., September 26, 1842, 
died January 12, 1899. 5. Theodore, July 17, 
1845. 6. Fred, July 27, 1848. 7. Florence, 
November 4, 185 1, died March 28, 1908. 8. 
Robert, February 21, 1854. 

The surname Lathrop or 
LATHROP Lothrop is derived from the 
parish Lowthorpe. Thorpe 
means village, so the meaning of the word 
literally is a low village. Lowthorpe is a small 
parish in the wapentake of Dickering, East 
Riding of Yorkshire, England, having only 
about a hundred and fifty inhabitants. Walter 
de Lowthorpe was elected high sherifif of York- 
shire in 1216 and the name has been common 
in Yorkshire from that time. Robert and 
Richard Lowthorp lived at Whepsted, Thingoe 
Hundred. Sufifolk. in 1287. A prominent 
family of Lathropps lived in Staflfordshire 
before 1560. Arms: Sable, an eagle dis- 
played argent. Crest : A Cornish chough 

(I) John Lathrop or Lowthroppe, as the 
name was then spelled, is the first of this 
ancient family in England to whom the Amer- 
ican line can be definitely traced. Early in the 
sixteenth century he was living in Cherry Bur- 
ton, a parish about four miles from Lowthorpe. 
He was, though belonging to a junior branch 
of the family, a gentleman of quite extensive 
landed estates both in Cherry IBurton and in 
various other parts of the county. In 1545 his 
name appears on a subsidy roll, assessed twice 
as much as any other inhabitant of the parish. 
Of his parentage and brothers and sisters 
nothing has been discovered, the early parish 
records having disappeared. He left a son 


Robert, mentioned below, and three daughters 
whose names are unknown, though their fami- 
lies are mentioned in their brother's will. 

(II) Robert Lathrop, son of John Lathrop, 
succeeded to his father's estates in Cherry Bur- 
ton and during his lifetime made considerable 
additions to them. He died in 1553. His will 
is dated at North Burton ( Sheriburton), July 
16, 1558, and proved at York, October 20, 
1558. He was of course a good Roman Cath- 
olic, and left bequests to the church ; to various 
friends and relatives; to wife Ellen; children 
John, Thomas, Lawrence, Margaret. Children : 
I. Thomas, mentioned below. 2. John, died 
without issue. 3. Lawrence, died before 1572. 
4. Margaret, married Robert Hodgeson. 

(III) Thomas Lathrop, son of Robert 
Lathrop, was born in Cherry Burton ; married 
Elizabeth Clark, widow, who was buried at 
Etton. July 29, 1574; married (second) T^Iary 

, who was buried in Etton, January 6, 

1588; (third) Jane , who married after 

his death Coppendale. He removed to 

Etton about 1576 and died in 1606. His will 
is dated October 5, 1600. Neither of the sons 
who were educated were legatees in the will. 
Children of first wife: I. Robert, married, 
January 27, 1607-08, Ann Pattison. 2. Cath- 
erine, married, June 12, 1607, William x\kett, 

of Leckonfield. 3. Audrey, married 

^\'ickham. 4. Elizabeth, married, February 19, 
1587-88, Thomas Rowood. 5. Anne, baptized 
at Etton, February 13, 1568-69, died young. 
6. Isabel, baptized at Etton, July 3, 1570. 7. 
Martin, baptized at Etton, (Dctober 21, 1572, 
died same year. 8. Andrew, baptized at Etton, 
April 23, 1574. Children of second wife: 9. 
Anne, baptized at Etton, July 29, 1576. 10. 
Mary. 11. Thomas, baptized at Etton, Octo- 
ber 14, 1582, graduate of Queen's College, 
1(504. 12. John, baptized December 20, 1584, 
mentioned "below. 13. William, baptized May 
24, 1587. Children of third wife: 14. Mar- 
garet, baptized at Etton, February 12, 1590-91. 
15. Isabel, baptized September 29, 1592. 16. 
Lucy, baptized at Etton, January, 1593-94, 
married, June 16, 1613, Ralph Cawnsley. 17. 
Richard, baptized October i, 1595, married 
Dorothy Lowden and settled in Cherry Burton. 
18. Mary, baptized in Etton, September 27, 
1597, died in England. 19. Lawrence, baptized 
Augtist 29, 1599. 20. Jane, baptized March 14, 
1600-01. 21. Joseph, baptized December 31, 
1602. 22. Bartholomew, baptized March i, 
1604. All these parishes and other places are 
in the same locality. 

(IV) Rev. John Lathrop, a son of Thomas 

Lathrop, was born at Etton, Yorkshire, Eng- 
land, and baptized there December 20, 15S4. 
He spelled his name Lothropp. He was edu- 
cated in Oueen's College, Cambridge, graduat- 
ing in 1601 with the degree of B. A. and tak- 
ing his master's degree in 1609. He became 
curate of the parish church in Egelton in the 
Lower Half Hundred of Calehill, Lathe of 
Screy, county Kent. He was there as early 
as 1614. probably in 161 1 and as late as the 
fall of 1619, and it was doubtless his first and 
only parish as minister of the Church of Eng- 
land. When he could no longer subscribe to 
the creed of that church, he renounced his 
orders in 1623 and allied himself with the 
Puritans. In 1624 he was called to succeed 
Rev. Henry Jacob, an independent minister of 
the First Independent Church of London, who 
had resigned to go to Mrginia. The worship 
of this church was illegal and their meetings 
secret. The church was discovered by a spy 
named Tomlinson_ and forty-two made pris- 
oners, eighteen being allowed to escape. April 
22, 1632. The Puritan prisoners were con- 
signed to the old Clink prison in Newgate and 
in the Gatehouse. In the spring of 1634 all 
were released on bail except Mr. Lathrop. In 
the quaint language of Nathaniel Morton in 
the "New England Memorial" (1669) the 
story of his further stay in England is briefly 
told: "His wife fell sick, of which sickness 
she died. He procured liberty of the bishop 
to visit his wife before her death, and com- 
mended her to God by prayer, who soon gave 
up the ghost. At his return to prison his poor 
children, being many, repaired to the bishop 
at Lambeth, and made known unto him their 
miserable condition, by reason of their good 
father's being continued in close durance, who 
commiserated their condition so far as to grant 
him libertv who soon after came over into New 
England.'' "He came to Boston with part of 
his flock in the ship, "Griffin," and another 
sailing in the fall of 1634 and arriving Sep- 
tember 18, proceeded to Scituate. where nine 
pioneers had already located, and prepared the 
way for others. He was formally chosen pas- 
tor January 19, 1634. He married again Anna 

, and was granted a farm near the First 

Herring brook and had shares in the salt 
marshes. He left his home in Scituate after 
some disagreement in the church, and with 
others from Scituate located at Barnstable on 
Cape Cod. arriving October 11, 1639, bring- 
ing with them the crops they had raised in 
Scituate. Mr. Lathrop fearlessly proclaimes 
in old and New England the great truth that 



man is not responsible to his fellowman in 
matters of faith and conscience. Differences 
of opinion he tolerated. During the fourteen 
years that he was pastor of the Barnstable 
church, such was his influence over the people, 
that the power of a civil magistrate was not 
needed to restrain crime. Xo pastor was ever 
more beloved by his people, none ever had a 
greater influence for good. * * * To 
become a member of his church no applicant 
was compelled to sign a creed or confession 
of faith. He retained his freedom, he pro- 
fessed his faith in God, and promised that it 
should be his constant endeavor to keep His 
commandments, to live a pure life and to walk 
in love with his brethren." He stood among 
the Puritans, a Congregational of the Uni- 
tarian denomination, as we now class them. 
^Morton says : "He was a man of humble and 
broken heart spirit, lively in Dispensation of 
the ^^'ord of God. studious of peace, furnished 
with godly contentment, willing to spend and 
he spent for the cause of the Church of Christ." 
^Ir. Lathrop died at Barnstable, November 8, 
1653. His will was dated August 10, and 
proved December 6, 1653, bequeathing to son 
Thomas, the eldest ; to son John, who was in 
England ; son Benjamin, daughters Jane and 
Barbara; to each of the rest of his children, 
both his and his wife's. Children: i. Jane, 
baptized at Egerton, England, September 29, 
1614, married. April 9, 1635 (by Captain 
Myles Standish), Samuel Fuller, son of Ed- 
ward who came on the "Mayflower." 2. Anne, 
baptized in Egerton, i\Iay 12, 1616, buried 
there April 30. 1617. 3. John, baptized in 
Egerton. February 22, 1617-18, died young. 
4. Barbara, baptized October 31, 1619, mar- 
ried John Emerson. 5. Thomas, born in Eng- 
land, prominent citizen at Barnstable. 6. 
Samuel, mentioned below. 7. Joseph, born 
1624, married, December, 1650, Alary Anell. 
8. Benjamin, born in England, married Maria 

; settled in Charlestown. 9. Barnabas, 

baptized at Scituate, June 6, 1636; married 
(first) December i, 1658, Susanna Clark; 
(second) Abigail Dodson, widow. 10. Child, 
born and died July 30, 1638. 11. Abigail, bap- 
tized at Barnstable, November 2, 1639, mar- 
ried James Clark. 12. Bathsheba, baptized 
February 27, 1 641, married Alexander Marsh 
and lived at Braintree. 13. John, born at 
Barnstable, February 9, 1644, married, Janu- 
ary 3, 1671-72, Mary Cobb: (second) Decem- 
ber 9, 1695, Hannah Fuller, widow of Dr. 
John. 14. Son, born and died same day, buried 
January 25, 1649. 

(\') Samuel Lathrop, son of Rev. John 
Lathrop, was born in England and came with 
his father to Scituate in 1634. He removed 
to Barnstable, where he married, November 
28, 1644, Elizabeth Scudder, who had been 
dismissed from the church in Boston, Novem- 
ber 10, 1644, to the Barnstable church. They 
settled in Barnstable, next the house of John 
Scudder. Samuel was a house builder and 
farmer. He was on the list of those able to 
bear arms in 1643. His house lot was the 
third in order from that of John Winthrop, 
Esq., and his name is among the first eighteen 
to whom were assigned lands on the east side 
of the "great river of Pequot, January, 1648- 
49. He was one of the judges of the local 
court of Pequot, organized in Alay, 1649, 3-'''d 
served on important committees of the town, 
rie assisted in the defence against the Nara- 
gansett Indians in the fort at the head of the 
Nahantick. In 1679 he had the contract to 
build the Second Church at New London. In 
1651 he sold his town house to Rev. Gershom 
Bulkley. It stood beyond the bridge over the 
mill brook, on the east side of the highway 
toward Nohegan." In 1668 he removed to 
Norwich, Connecticut, where he was granted 
a house lot originally granted to John Elderkin. 
He built a house on the town street before 
1670, where he spent the remainder of his 
days. The house built by Dr. Daniel Lathrop, 
his great-grandson, probably stands on the 
same site. He was constable in 1673 and 1682, 
and townsman in 1685. He married (second) 
in 1690, in Plymouth, ^Massachusetts, Abigail 
Doane, born January 29, 1632. died 1734, aged 
one hundred and two years, daughter of Dea- 
con John Doane,, of Plymouth. "On her one 
hundredth birth-day a large audience assembled 
at her house, and a sermon was preached by 
the pastor of the church." Samuel Lathrop 
died February 29, 1700, leaving a nuncupative 
will, proved in 1701. Children: i. John, bap- 
tized in Boston, December 7, 1645, married, 
December 15. 1669, Ruth Royce, daughter of 
Robert Royce : died August 25, 1688. 2. Eliz- 
abeth, Alarch, 1648, married, December 16, 
1669, Isaac Royce; (second) Joseph Thomp- 
son. 3. Samuel, Alarch, 1650, married (first) 
November, 1675, Hannah Adgate ; (second) 
December 30, 1697, Alary Edgerton, and set- 
tled in Norwich; died December 9, 1732. 4. 
Sarah, October, 1655, married, April 21, 1681, 
Nathaniel Royce, of Wallingford. 5. Alartha, 
January, 1657, married. 1677. John Moss. 6. 
Israel. October, 1659. married, April 8, 1686, 
Rebecca Bliss. 7. Joseph, October, 1661, men- 



tioned below. 8. Abigail, Alay 1665, married, 
December 9, 1686, John Huntington. 9. Anna, 
August, 1667, married Wlliam Hough ; died 
November 19. 1745. 

( \'I ) Joseph Lathrop.son of Samuel Lathrop, 
was born October. 1661, and died in Norwich, 
Connecticut, July 5, 1740. He was a member 
of the First Church there. He married (first) 
April 8, 1686, JNIary Scudder, who died Sep- 
tember 18, 1695. He married (second) Feb- 
ruar}^ 2, 1696-7, Elizabeth ^^'atrous, born 
JMarch 22, 1661, died November 29, 1726, 
daughter of Isaac and Sarah Watrous. He 
married (third) November 22, 1727, Mrs. 
Martha Perkins, widow of Deacon Joseph 
Perkins, of Newent, now Lisbon, then a part 
of Norwich. Children: i. Barnabas, born 
February 4, 1687, died May 25, 1710; mar- 
ried, January 12, 1709-10, Abigail Abell. 2. 
Joseph, September 18, 1688, mentioned below. 

3. Abigail, September 16, 1693, married Jacob 
Hazen. 4. Mehitable, November 2, 1697. mar- 
ried (first) William Bushnell ; (second) Octo- 
ber 3. 1722, Captain Thomas Stoughton Jr. 
5. Samuel, j\lay 23, 1699. 6. Elizabeth, Janu- 
ary 17, 1700-01. 7. Sarah, October 18, 1702. 
8. Temperance, October 6, 1704. 9. Solomon, 
December 13, 1706, married, February 6, 
1728-29, Mrs. Alartha Todd. 10. Ruth, De- 
cember II, 1709. II. Esther, November 17, 
1712. 12. Zerviah, April 9, 1718, married, 
1739, William Bradford. 

(VII) Joseph Lathrop, son of Joseph 
Lathrop, was born in Norwich, September 18, 
1688, married, April 13. 1735, ^lary Harts- 
horn. She united with the church in Franklin, 
then part of Norwich, in 1737. The inventory 
of his estate "in Norwich and Waterbury" was 
dated March i, 1757. Children; i. Jonathan 
John Scudder, "eldest son," married, July 27, 
1763, Mrs. Priscilla Wood ; died March 20, 
1780. 2. Barnabas, April 19, 1738. mentioned 
below. 3. Joseph, June 9, 1740, died young. 

4. Zebediah, "youngest son," died 1783. 5- 
Mary, "only daughter," 

(\'III) Barnabas Lathrop, son of Joseph 
Lathrop, was born in Norwich, April 19, 1738, 
and married, July 7, 1757, Sarah Davis. He 
became a Baptist preacher, and after a some- 
what roving life died in New Milford, Con- 
necticut. Children: i. Joseph, born Novem- 
ber 20, 1758. 2. Daniel, October 23, 1760, in 
Norwich, died July 23, 1761. 3. Sarah, Octo- 
ber 20, 1762. 4. Daniel, mentioned below. 5- 
Rufus, married Debby Ackly and died in South 
Cairo, New York. 6. Anne. 

(IX) Daniel Lathrop, son of Barnabas 

Lathrop, was born in Norwich, October 23, 
1765, and died in New Milford in 1861. He 
married (first) Grace Loveredge, who was 
born in 1768: (second) Esther Taylor. Chil- 
dren: I. Lydia, born in Colchester, Connec- 
ticut, November 12, 1787, married Andrew 
Lamson. 2. Daniel, Colchester, February i, 
1790, married. August 15, 1812, Sarah Fisher. 
3. Amasa, Colchester, September 30, 1792, 
married Lucinda Clark; died 1872. 4. Henry, 
Colchester. June 4, 1794, married Angeline 
Owens. 5. Barnabas, New ^Milford, October 
29, 1796, married Sarah Ann Driskill. 6. Sally, 
New Milford, December 20, 1798, married 
John Mann, of Becket, Massachusetts. 7. 
Alanson, March 22, 1802, mentioned below. 
8. John. April 23, 1804, married (first) Min- 
erva Beeman ; (second) Joanna Cook; (third) 
October 20, 1839, Anna Alaria Way ; died July 
18, 1858. 9. Anna, June 2, 1806, married 
James Stewart. 10. Laura, November 25, 
1808, married Stephen Keeler. 11. Flarriet, 
October 13, 1812, married \Mlsey Steward. 
12. Abigail. 13. George, March 17, 1822. 

( X) Alanson Lathrop, son of Daniel Lathrop, 
was born March 22, 1802, and settled in Becket, 
Massachusetts. He married, January 13, 1825, 
Hannah Kingsley. They had nine children. 

(XI) Lester Lathrop, son of Alvanson 
Lathrop, was born in Becket, July 7, 1826. 
He was educated in the public schools of his 
native town. He learned the trade of tanner 
and followed it many years. He was also 
engaged in farming. In politics he was a 
Republican. He attends the Baptist church. 
He married, at Middlefield, Massachusetts, 
November 30, 1848. Eliza Ann Crow, born 
1823, daughter of William and Abigail Crow, 
of Montgomery, Massachusetts. Children: i. 
Ada E. 2. Eva, born December 3, 1854, mar- 
ried Fred \Y. Cross. 3. Etta A., October 2, 
1858. married Elmer D. Ballou. 4. William 
Lester, mentioned below. 5. Alice L'., June 
3, 1866. 

(NIL) William Lester Lathrop, son of Les- 
ter Lathrop, was born in Middlefield, Massa- 
chusetts, September 15, i860, and was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Becket and in 
Claflin Academy. He then learned the trade 
of brass finisher and worked at it for some 
three years. He came to Orange, Massachu- 
setts, in 1880, to work for the New Home 
Sewing Machine Company, and he continued 
in the employ of that concern for a period of 
nineteen years, becoming foreman of a depart- 
ment in the works. He displayed unusual skill 
as a mechanic and great executive ability as 



head of a department. He resigned upon 
receiving liis appointment as postmaster of 
Orange in January, 1900, an office he has held 
to the present time and filled with conspicuous 
fidelity and efficiency. He is a member of 
Orange Lodge of Free Masons; of Crescent 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; of Orange Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar ; is a past noble 
grand of Social Lodge, No. 132, Odd Fellows. 
He also belongs to Fall Hill Encampment and 
Asah Rebekah Lodge of Odd Fellows ; to 
Athenian Lodge, No. 51, Knights of Pythias, 
and has been captain of Canton Orange, 
Patriarchs Militant. In politics he is a Re- 
publican, and he attends the LTniversalist 
Society. He married, in 1892, Stella M. Gil- 
more, born in Orange, died July 31, 1904, 
daughter of Daniel Gilmore. Children, born 
in Orange: I. Lester Gilmore, born January 
30, 1893. 2. Maxwell James, July 17, 1895. 
3. \'ictor William, ]\Iay 25, 1897. 4. Doris 
Alarion, May 2, 1902. 

The surname Welling- 
^^^ELLINGTON ton is identical with 

W^illington, the more 
common spelling in the old country, though 
both spellings were used interchangeably by 
many families a few generations ago in both 
England and America. The history of the family 
e.xtends back to the Norman conquest of Eng- 
land. The ancient baronial family of Willing- 
ton was established at the time of W^illiam the 
Conqueror. It is a place-name, like that of 
many of the more important English surnames. 
The family of ^^'illington took the name of the 
town. The W'illington family at L'mberleigh, 
Devonshire ; at Todenham, county Gloucester ; 
at Barchesterm Brailes and Hurley, county 
^^'arwick, all trace their ancestry to Sir Ralph 
de \Mllington, who married in the fourteenth 
century a daughter of Sir William Champer- 
nowne, of LTmberleigh, inherited his estates 
and assumed his coat-of-arms, omitting the 
billets : Gules a saltire vair. Crest : A moun- 
tain pine vert, fructed or. John de Welling- 
ton (or Willington) of Derbyshire, lived at or 
about the time of the conquest, and from him 
descend the baronial family above mentioned. 
There are parishes of this name in county 
Salop, county Somerset, Hereford and North- 
umberland. The coats-of-arms of the Well- 
ingtons are given by Burke : Ermine a chevron 
sable ; also ermine a chevron sable a crescent 
or. Crest : A demi-savage wreathed about the 
head and middle with laurel leaves all proper. 
Other Willington arms : Sable a bend engrailed 

cotised argent ; also Ermine a chevron ermine 
(another sable) ; also Per pale endented argent 
and sable a chief or; also ermine three bends 
azure ; also sable a bend engr. argent cotised 
or ; also or a cross vair. The similarity of 
arms such as may be noted in these cited is 
the best proof of relationship in old English 

(I) Roger Willington, immigrant ancestor, 
planter, born 1609-10, died ^larch 11, 1697- 
98, sailed from England, and probably came 
to W^atertown at once on landing. The record 
of him is the first entry of town records of 
Watertown. showing an allotment of land 
dated July 25. 1636, a grant of the great 
dividend allotted to the freemen and to all the 
townsmen then inhabiting, one hundred and 
twenty in number. Roger Willington received 
twenty acres, now a part of Mt. Auburn ceme- 
tery, on which he built the first Willington 
homestead, where he lived until 1659. Other 
references in town records are as follows: 
April 9, 1657, account of men deputed by 
towne to fee. To keeping of the order of 
hogs (the 15th) Roger Willington is the entry 
3 shillings. "Town meeting January 10, 1658, 
chozen to looke after the law and for the 
regulating of hogs and fences Roger Welling- 
ton and Thomas Straits; December 6, 1662, 
fined ID shillings for insufficient fence Dated 
October 29, 1663." "Haveing given in an 
account of to rates to great diffiaction both to 
pastor and selectmen We have appointed Leife 
Burns ^Villy and Bond to deal with him to 
bring him to a more tollarable account or else 
to send him to the grandiary." "Att a meet- 
ing of the selectmen 30th 8th J\Ionth 1662 
agreed between the town & Corporall Willing- 
ton that a straight line from the corner from 
his present fence att Eaton's house next the 
highway and so to the line between him and 
Samuel Hatchers land upon the north side of 
the Swamps ; shall be the dividinge line be- 
tween him & the Towne consented unto by the 
Corporall Willington owned before the select- 
men by setting to his hand Signed Roger Will- 
ington." "A town meeting November 2, 1674 
chozen for surveyors Corporall Willington and 

John Traine Senyear." "The of Eaprill 

79. Corporall Willington & Robt Herington 
with the consent of the selectmen demanded 
the (Cee) of the S'choolhouse of Leftenant 
Sherman but he refused to deliver it." It is 
interesting to note that he was usually called 
corporal. By deed dated April 4, 1657, Mid- 
dlesex county registry, he purcbased twelve 
acres of land containing dwelling house and 



barn which became a part of the family estate 
in Lexington and the home of all the \\'elling- 
ton ancestors. Lexington was then a part of 
^^'ate^town and later Cambridge. He was 
admitted a freeman April i8, 1690. His will 
is dated December 17, 1697, and was proved 
April II. 1698, "feeble by reason of age," be- 
queathing to sons John, Joseph, Benjamin, 
Oliver and Palgrave; grandchild, John Mad- 
docks, Roger Wellington and Mary Liver- 
more. He was selectman in 1678-79-81-82-83- 
84-91. He married ]Mary, eldest daughter of 
Dr. Richard Palgrave, of Charlestown. date of 
marriage not known. Children: I. John, born 
July 25, 1638, admitted freeman, 1677, farmer 
of Cambridge. 2. Mary, February 10, 1641, 
married (first) J\Iay 21, 1662, Henry Mad- 
docks; (second) John Coolidge. 3. Joseph, 

October 9, 1643, married ( first) Sarah ; 

(second) Elizabeth Straight. 4. Benjamin, 
mentioned below. 5. Oliver, November 23, 
1648. 6. Palgrave. admitted freeman, April 
18. 1690 ; followed the profession of his grand- 
father for whom he was named ; married Sarah 

(H) Benjamin, fourth child of Roger Will- 
ington probably born 1646, died January 8, 
1 7 10. He lived on the family estate in Lex- 
ington, and was called yeoman. December 7, 
1671, he married Elizabeth Sweetman, of 
Cambridge. Children: i. Elizabeth, born 
December 29, 1673, married John Fay, of 
Marlborough. 2. Benjamin, June 21, 1676, 
mentioned below. 3. John, July 26, 1678, died 
November 30, 1717. 4. Ebenezer. married, 
January 28, 1704, Deliverance Bond, settled in 
Lexington. 5. Ruhamah, married, November 
15, 1699, Deacon Joseph Brown. 6. ]\Iehitable, 
baptized March 4, 1688, married, September 
13, 1715. William Sherman, of Xewtown, and 
was mother of Roger Sherman, who was 
named after his great-grandfather, Roger 
Willington. 7. Joseph, baptized January 4, 
169 1. 8. Roger. 

(HL) Benjamin (2) Wellington, son of 
Benjamin (i) Willington, born June 21, 1676, 
died November 15, 1738, "At towne meeting 
were chosen survayurs swine cattle & fences 
Richard Child & Benjamin Wellington." He 
was admitted a freeman in December, 1667. 
The "History of Lexington" says of him: "He 
was for many years one of the most popular 
men of the town ; was assessor sixteen years, 
town clerk fifteen years, treasurer three years, 
representative three years. He was admitted 
to the church at Lexington, June 10, 1705. His 
will, dated July 13, 1708, proved January 30 

following, described him as "housewright and 
carpenter." He married (first) January 16, 
1698-99, Lydia Brown, and the same year' built 
himself a house on the family estate at Lexing- 
ton; his wife died May 13, 1 711. He married 
(second) December 25, 1712, Elizabeth, widow 

of Samuel Phipps, and daughter of 

Stevens, of Charlestown; she died January 17, 
1729-30, aged fifty- four. Fie married (third) 
Mary Whitney. Children of first wife : i. Benja- 
min, born May 21, 1702, died November 15, 
1738. 2. Lydia, August 24, 1704, died August 
10, 1 718. 3. Kezia. born March 28, 1707. 4. 
John, born November 12, 1709, died Septem- 
ber 22, 1728. Children of second wife: 5. 
Abigail, July 14, 1715, married, February 19, 
1734, David Munroe. 6. Timothy, born July 
27, 1719, mentioned below. Children of third 
wife: 7. Mary, October 20, 1732. 8. Oliver, 
April 14, 1735. 

(I\') Timothy, son of Benjamin (2) Well- 
ington, was born in Lexington, July 27, 1719, 
date of death unknown ; his will was probated 
December 23, 1750. He was by trade a wheel- 
wright and made (family traditions says) the 
wheels to the gun carriage of the Cambridge 
cannon used in the revolution. He was also 
a fanner, and resided on the homestead in 
Lexington, which remained in the family until 
1895, when it was sold. He married, Septem- 
ber 23, 1742, Rebecca Stone, born January 22, 
1 72 1, daughter of Jonathan and Chary 
(Adams) Stone, of Lexington, a descendant 
of Deacon Gregory Stone, of Watertown. His 
wife survived him, and February 14, 1754, 
married John Dix, of Waltham. Children: i. 
Benjamin, born August 7, 1743. mentioned 
below. 2. Chary, July 12, 1745. 3. Timothy, 
April 15, 1747, died April 18, 1809: was father 
of Dr. Timothy Wellington. 4. Abigail, March 
14, 1750, married, December 29, 1768, Daniel 
Colling, of Waltham. 5. Ruhamon, Septem- 
ber 4, 1751. 

(V) Benjamin ("3), son of Timothy Well- 
ington, born at Lexington. August 7, 1743, 
died there September 14, 1812. Fie attended 
the district school, and early learned the trade 
of wheelwright, which he followed many years. 
His shop was across the road, just north of 
the house. The first house of the Wellingtons 
was of the old fashioned type, where the roof 
slants nearly to the ground in the rear. In 
1803 he built a new house. He made many 
of the gun carriages for the Continental army. 
His farm was inherited by his two sons, Peter 
and Benjamin. The milk raised on the farm 
was marketed in Boston, and it is said that 



Benjamin \\'ellington was the first man to 
carry milk such a distance. Wooden bottles 
were used, and the Charles river was crossed 
b}' a ferry. He was a member of the First 
Congregational Church, and was beloved for 
his kindly and charitable nature. In politics 
he was a Democrat, and served as selectman 
for many years. He was one of the gallant 
company of minute-men who took part in the 
battle of Lexington, and was the first armed 
prisoner taken during the war. On the spot 
where he was captured has been erected a red 
granite tablet commemorating the event and 
his gallantry. Elias Phinney, in the history of 
the battle, describing the march of the British 
towards Lexington common on the memorable 
morn, says : "In order to secure persons trav- 
elling upon the road the British would send 
two soldiers at a considerable distance in 
advance of the main bod}' with orders to 
secrete themselves in each side of the road and 
when any one approached they would allow 
him to pass them so as to get between them 
and the troops and then rise and close in. As 
Benjamin \\'ellington was on his way to Lex- 
ington common that morning, having been 
warned by the summons of Paul Revere, in 
climbing over a high stone wall into the high- 
way at Lexington he found either side of him 
a British soldier. He was taken prisoner and 
disarmed. On being asked where he was going 
he replied 'Hunting.' He promised to return 
to his home, and as it was impossible for his 
captors to manage a prisoner he was allowed 
to go but his gun was not returned. Instead 
of returning home he took another way to 
the common and arrived before the British in 
time to announce their approach and take part 
in the fight. Thus he told a lie in order to 
fight in the cause of freedom." His name is 
given by Captain Parker in list of his company 
in 1775, and following in Parker's account 
refers to him in Twelfth campaign to the tak- 
ing of Burgoyne, Sergeant Benjamin \\^elling- 
ton four pounds. He was with ^^'ashington's 
army at Cambridge. The following used to 
be told by Hepzibah (Hastings) Wellington: 
"When Benjamin Wellington was with Wash- 
ington's army there was a time for several 
days that the army was practically without 
food. During that time Benjamin \\'ellington 
came home to find his family just ready for 
their dinner, but the army had to be considered 
so he took not only the family dinner but every 
edible thing in the place, and harnessing the 
horses carried the provisions to the troops. For 
two days the family had only mush and milk. 

but such sacrifices were willingly made by 
them." He was in Captain John Bridge's com- 
pany, Colonel Eleazer Brooks' regiment, on 
duty at Roxbury. He was also sergeant in 
Captain Samuel Farrar's company. Colonel 
Reed's regiment, in 1777, to reinforce the army 
under General Gates and was present at the 
surrender of Burgoyne. He married, Decem- 
ber 4, 1766, Martha'Ball, of Waltham (South- 
borough). Children: i. Mary, born Septem- 
ber 22, 1767, married (first) December 31, 
1789. Asa Baldwin Locke; (second) Abijah 
Harrington ; children : Oliver Locke, Bald- 
win Locke, Abigail Locke, jMar}' Locke. 2. 
Abigail, baptized in Waltham. October i, 1769. 
3. Benjamin, baptized July 13. 1772. 4. Oliver, 
baptized November 13, 1774. 5. Benjamin 
Oliver, born August 23, 1778, died November 
10, 1853; married. May 20, 1811, Polly Hast- 
ings ; children : i. Oliver Hastings, born Feb- 
ruary 23, 1812, died March i, 1813; ii. Oliver 
Hastings, born August 19, 1813, married, Au- 
gust 29, 1838, Charlotte Augusta Kent, of Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, and had i\Iary C, Will- 
iam A., Arthur M.. and Lucy 'SI. D. ; iii. Mary 
Jane, born July 15, 1815. married, April 17, 
1845, James H. Danforth, of Boston; iv. 
Albert, born June i, 1817; v. Ambrose, born 
April II, 1819, married, ilay, 1845, Lucy J. 
Kent; vi. ]Martha, born April 11, 1821, died 
January, 1863; vii. Benjamin, born J\Iar-ch 21, 
1823 ; viii. Dorcas Ann, born April 20, 1825, 
married Dr. George H. Taylor; ix. Laura, 
born December 30, 1827; x. Winslow, born 
May 16, 1829; xi. Edward, born March 3, 
1831, drowned in Fresh Pond, July 6, 1852, 
while a member of the Lawrence Scientific 
School. 6. Peter, born May 31, 1781. 7. Rich- 
ard, born July 14, 1783, died December 11, 
1836. 8. James, twin with Patty, born Decem- 
ber 12, 1785, married, November 18, 1821, 
Susannah Jacobs, of Littleton, JMassachusetts, 
born August 7, 1801 ; children : i. Edwin, born 
1823; ii. Angelina, born ]\Iay 20, 1824, mar- 
ried Darius Crosby, and had Linda, Carrie 
May, James Wellington and Isaac ^^'ellington 
Crosby ; iii. James Everett, born April 27, 
1827. married, October 24, 1854, Frances Jane 
Kilbourne, born June 21, 1829, and had Emma 
Kilbourne, born August 7, 1856, died I\Iarch 
17, 1865, l\Iaud Kilbourne, born November 29, 
1858, and Everetta Kilbourne, born Septem- 
ber 22, 1872 ; iv. Adrianna, born JNIay 27, 1829, 
married James H. Kidder, of Watertown, and 
had Osmer W^ellington Kidder, Mar}' Welling- 
ton Kidder (married Edwin H. Baker, and 
had ^Madeline and Adrianna Baker). 9. Patty, 



twin with James, born December 12, 1785, 
married, June 28, 1821, Charles Reed, of Lex- 
ington, had Henry, not now hving ; she was 
drowned, date unknown. 10. Isaac, born De- 
cember 5, 1787. 

(\'I) Isaac, youngest child of Benjamin 
(3) Wellington, was born December 5, 1787. 
He married, November 18, 1824, Mary W. 
Jacobs ; children : Oliver, Francena, Mary 
Ann, Isaac Baldwin and Luther Brooks. 

(AH) Luther Crooks, youngest child of 
Isaac Wellington, married Susan K. Blanchard, 
of Medford, Massachusetts. He and his 
brother Isaac Baldwin were connected together 
in business in New York City. 

(Mil) Arthur W., eldest child of Luther 
Brooks and Susan Kidder (Blanchard) Well- 
ington, was born at Catskill, New York, Sep- 
tember II, 1868. He has been connected with 
the sole leather business in Boston since a 
young man. He purchased the old Clark farm 
of one hundred and six acres in the town of 
^^'eston, where he resides. He has been con- 
nected with the musical world since the age of 
sixteen years, being the possessor of a fine 
bass voice. His political affiliations are with 
the Republican party, and he is a member of 
St. Botolf Club and Harvard J\IusicaI Asso- 
ciation. He was formerly a member of the 
Puritan, Cecelia and Apollo clubs, singing in 
all of them. He married, September 19, 1904, 
Evelyn Jenks, born June 27, 1876, daughter of 
Robert and Nancy (Jenks) Lawton, the for- 
mer a merchant of New Bedford. 

(VIII) Louis Baldwin, brother of the pre- 
ceding, was born in Brooklyn, New York, 
October 29, 1870. In 1888 he entered the 
banking house of Kidder, Peabody & Company 
in the capacity of clerk. He remained with 
this concern for a period of three years, then 
entered the employ of F. S. jMoseley & Com- 
pany, as clerk, remaining with them until Jan- 
uary I. 1902, when a new firm was formed and 
;\Ir. \\'ellington w'as admitted to partnership. 
Mr. ^^'ellington is Republican in politics, a 
member of the Tennis and Racquet Club of 
Boston. He married, July 25, 1895, Louise 
Lawton, a sister of the wife of his brother 
Arthur W. Children : Margaret, born May 
21, 1897: Virginia, September 23, 1899; and 
Linda, March, 1901. 

The \Mnchesters are an 
WINCHESTER old English family and 
for many generations 
anterior to the seventeenth century were seat- 
ed in Kent, from whence it is supposed that 

the American ancestor of the family here con- 
sidered came to New England. According to 
well authenticated records the immigrant Win- 
chesters were two brothers, both young men, 
who followed the tide of westward emigrants 
and took up their homes in the Plymouth col- 
ony on Cape Cod. One of the brothers, Alex- 
ander by name, is said not to have left male 
issue, and of the other it is said that he was 
the progenitor and ancestor of all who have 
borne his surname in this country. It is with 
this branch of the ^^'inchester family that we 
have particularly to deal in this narrative, and 
while in some respects the records of his 
descendants is settled with reasonable certainty, 
there are others of them who are known to 
be among his descendants, yet by reason of 
imperfect records the line is difficult and in 
some cases quite impossible to establish beyond 
question of doubt. 

(I) John AVinchester, who is mentioned in 
history as "one of the founders of New Eng- 
land," and who probably is entitled to the 
distinction of having been the ancestor of all 
who bear his surname on this side of the Atlan- 
tic ocean, sailed from the city of London in 
the "Elizabeth," William Stagg, master, in 
April, 1635, and then was nineteen years old. 
From what part of England he came is not 
certain, but tradition says that he was of the 
\\'inchesters of Kent. In 1636 he settled in 
the plantation at Hingham, in the colony of 
Plymouth, with his fellow voyagers, the Bates 
family, and in July of that year was allotted 
five acres of farm land. He joined the first 
church in Boston in 1636, was made freeman 
in 1637, and was admitted to membership of 
the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company 
in 1638. Soon after 1650 he left Hingham and 
went to Muddy River, that part of Boston 
which now is i3rookline, where he was sur- 
veyor in 1664-69-70, constable in 1672-73, and 
tythingman in 1680. He seems to have pros- 
pered at Muddy River, and at his death, April 
25, 1694, left an estate which inventories as 
of the value of three hundred and seven pounds 
ten shillings, and which was inherited by his 
sons John and Josiah. John \Mnchester, the 
elder, married, October 15, 1638, Hannah 
Sealis, daughter of Deacon Richard Sealis, of 
Scituate. She died September 18, 1697, hav- 
ing borne her husband four children : i. John, 
baptized June 2, 1644. 2. Mary, I\Iarch 26, 
1648. 3. "Jonathan, died Roxbury, January 8, 
1679. 4. "josiah, born INIarch 20, 1655. died 
February 22, 1728. 

(II) John (2). son of John (i) and Han- 



nah (Sealis) Winchester, was baptized in 1644 
and died in Brookline, February 1,1718. He 
was a prominent figure in the early history of 
Brookhne and by occupation was a mason 
and farmer. He was one of the first signers 
of the petition drawn by his neighbor, Samuel 
Sewall, for the separation of Muddy River 
from the parent town of Boston, which peti- 
tion was granted November, 1705, and from 
that date Muddy River took the name of 
Brookline. John Winchester Jr., was the first 
representative from Brookline to the colonial 
assembly of IMassachusetts Bay. 1709-10, and 
he also served as constable, commissioner, 
selectman, and in 1717 was one of the principal 
founders of the Brookline church. During 
King Philip's war he was a soldier and is men- 
tioned as having been stationed at the garri- 
son of Punkapauque (now Canton), April 24, 
1676. He died in 1718, leaving an estate which 
inventories at one thousand and six pounds, 
nine shillings. He married (first) Hannah 

, and after her death married Joanna 

Stevens, born May 28, 1652, by whom he had 
nine children: I. Joanna, born September 6, 
1674. 2. John, April 17, 1676. 3. Mary, bap- 
tized August 13, 1677. 4. Benjamin. 5. Ebe- 
nezer, died November 21, 1756. 6. Henry. 

7. Stephen, born February 8, 1686, died 1751. 

8. Mehitable. 9. Jonathan. 

(HI) Benjamin, son of John (2) and Han- 
nah \\'inchester, was born probably in Brook- 
line, ilassachusetts, and is supposed to be identi- 
cal with the Benjamin Winchester who in 1727 
bought lands in Framingham, where his brother 
Ebenezer had preceded him by about ten 
years ; and he is also supposed to be the same 
Benjamin Winchester who afterward lived 
in Grafton, Massachusetts, and is mentioned 
as one of the "alarm soldiers who remained in 
the town on duty, or who could be called to- 
gether by Rev. Mr. Hutchinson, during the 
French and Indian war." In the Grafton 
records his name is written Wintchester, and 
in the same list in which his name appears are 
the names of Joseph and John Wintchester, 
who doubtless were brothers of Benjamin, 
although the Joseph mentioned in the list may 
have been a son of Benjamin Winchester. 

(IV) Joseph, probably a son of Benjamin 
Winchester, lived in Grafton, Massachusetts, 
until about 1772, when he removed with his 
family to Marlboro, Vermont, and spent the 
remainder of his days there. According to 
one private record he had five sons and one 
daughter, the former of whom were Luther, 
Benjamin, Joseph, Asa and Joshua. The vital 

records of Grafton show, however, that on 
April 15, 1756, Joseph Winchester married 
Lucy Harrington, born Grafton, ]\Iay 13, 1730, 
daughter of Isaac and Miriam Harrington, of 
Grafton; and that their children born in that 
town were as follows: i. Anna, November 
6, 1757. 2. Huldah, September 17, 1758. 3. 
Benjamin, January 4, 1761. 4. Asa, March 
24, 1763. 5. Joseph, October 27, 1765. 6. 
Joshua, jNIarch 20, 1768. 7. Antipas, Febru- 
ary 9, 1771. 8. Luther, August 17, 1773. From 
this it is evident that some of the children of 
Joseph and Lucy must have been born after 
the family removed to Vermont, and such is 
known to have been the fact. 

(V) Luther, son of Joseph and Lucy (Har- 
rington) Winchester, was born in Marlboro, 
Vermont, August 17, 1773, and for many 
years was one of the foremost men of that 
town. He was a farmer, thrifty and energetic, 
and through his own unaided efforts succeeded 
in accumulating a fortune which is said to have 
amounted to twenty thousand dollars. He 
married, December 9 (or 19), 1793, Elizabeth 
\\'arren, who died in jNIarlboro, October 10, 
1853, aged seventy-four years. He died Jan- 
uary 30, 1853. Children, all born in Marl- 
boro: I. Antipas, October 6, 1794. 2. Clark, 
December 30, 1796, died January 11, 1861. 
3. Betsey, May 26, 1799, died June 9, 1843 '< 
married ^^■ilIad Snow. 4. William Ward, Au- 
gust 16, 1801, died May 20, 1881. 5. Hannah, 
October 24, 1803, died December 27, 1889. 6. 
Luther, July 6, 1806, died July 25, 1874. 7. 
Isaac Harrington, December 25, 1809, died 
September 21, 1876. 8. John Ouincy Adams, 
1817, died October 2, 1877. 

(\'I) Antipas, son of Joseph and Eliz- 
abeth (Warren) Winchester, was born in 
^Marlboro, \"ermont, October 6, 1794, died 
May 19, 1871. Like his father he was an 
extensive and progressive farmer and a promi- 
nent man in the town. He married, January 
2. 1822, Lois Kelsey; children: i. Williston, 
born September 29, 1822, died February 23, 
1902. 2. Eunice, November 26, 1823, married. 
May 13, 1847, Dolphus P. Warren. 3. Reuben, 
January 7, 1825. 4. Lois, March 5, 1826, died 
February 5, 1899; married, March 21, 1850, 
Perry Hall, died February 5, 1899 (they died 
within half an hour of each other and neither 
knew of the death of the other. 5. Betsey, 
October 23, 1827, died November 30, 1900; 
married, Alay 13, 1847, Ira Ingram. 6. Asa, 
February 2, 1829, died August 27, 1902; mar- 
ried. May 5, 1853, Elizabeth Houghton. 7. 
A daughter, l\Iarch 8, 1830, died in extreme 



infancy. 8. Anthony Seymour, May 31, 1831, 
died September 20, 1850. 9. Clark, March 
30, 1833, died September 6, 1835. 10. Polly 
Ann, November 14, 1834, died June 4, 1897; 
married, February 3, 1869, William B. Adams. 

11. A daughter, October 9, 1836, died soon. 

12. Sarah A., November 15, 1837, married, 
April 5, 1855, Rufus A. Houghton. 

(VII) Reuben, son of Antipas and Lois 
(Kelsey) Winchester, was born in Marlboro, 
\'ermont, January 7, 1825, died in Holyoke, 
Masachusetts, May 26, 1906. Until he attained 
the age of twenty years Reuben Winchester 
lived at home on his father's farm, and up to 
that time had given all of his earnings to his 
father, for he was an industrious and duti- 
ful son. The principles of honesty and per- 
sonal integrity were instilled in his mind when 
he was a boy at his mother's knee, and he 
never forgot them and always practiced them 
to the last day of his life. When old enough 
to start out in life for himself he began dealing 
in cattle, buying and selling, later added pro- 
duce dealing to his business interests and soon 
became one of the most extensive dealers in 
that part of the state. At various times he 
owned many yokes of cattle, and often said 
that he had bought and sold more than five 
hundred yokes of broken cattle, oxen and 
steers. He is said to have been an intelligent 
and progressive man in every sense of the 
word, and his judgment on questions of local 
and general interest was considered standard 
authority. And Mr. Winchester was a man 
of the highest integrity, a firm believer in what 
in recent times has been called the "square 
deal," doing always unto others as he would 
have them do unto himself. Such was the 
man, and such was his character. His busi- 
ness life was rewarded with substantial suc- 
cess and he richly deserved the full measure 
thereof. In politics a strong Democrat, he 
nevertheless enjoyed the confidence of the peo- 
ple of his town without distinction of party, 
and he was elected to the state legislature with 
Republican votes. About 1865 Mr. Winchester 
removed from Marlboro to West Springfield, 
Masachusetts, and purchased a farm in that 
town, paying for the same in cash to the 
amount of $6,800, every dollar of which he 
had earned in business pursuits. At that time 
the payment of so great a sum for farm land 
was considered quite unusual, for then, just 
at the close of the civil war, money was scarce 
and gold at a premium. Mr. Winchester was 
not a church member, but he was an upright 
man and honest in his daily walk. He mar- 

ried, February 19, 1S50, Hannah K. Brown, 
of whose family mention is made in these annals. 
Children: i. Samuel B., October 2, 1852, died 
March 26, 1906 ; married, July 22, 1875, Emily 
A. Morse, and had Florence E., born June 21, 
1876, died in infancy, and Florida M., born Feb- 
ruary 17, 1878. 2. Reuben Clark, November 10, 
1857. 3. William L., October 2^. 1865, died 
July 14, 1903; married, June 6, 1895, Addie 
E. Stockwell. and had Miriam Stockwell, born 
March 31, 1896, and Reuben Stockwell, Feb- 
ruary 26, 1902. 

(VIII) Reuben Clark, son of Reuben and 
Hannah K. (Brown) Winchester, was born in 
Marlboro, Vermont, November 10, 1857, and 
was a boy of less than ten years when his 
father removed from Vermont and settled in 
West Springfield. He received his education 
in the public schools of that town, Holyoke 
high school, from which he graduated in 1875, 
and Eastman's Business College. After leav- 
ing the latter institution he began his business 
career as office boy in the service of the Hol- 
yoke Water Power Company and with the 
exception of a period of about six months he 
has been continuously in the employ of that 
great corporation, in one capacity or another, 
and constantly advancing until in January, 
1903, he was elected to treasurer of the com- 
pany, which office he now holds. Mr. Win- 
chester is a strict, careful business man, and 
in many respects possesses the same character- 
istics as his father for honesty, integrity, and 
square business dealing. He married, Decem- 
ber 22, 1880, Mary A., daughter of William 
A. and Lucy A. (Lamb) Cole. Children: i. 
Faustina Hannan, September 12, 1881, died 
November 10, 1883. 2. Una May, October 14, 
1883, graduated from Smith College, class of 
'04 ; married, October 11, 1905, Henry C. War- 
nock, of Northampton, and has one child, 
Eunice Winchester W'arnock. 3. Ralph Cole, 
July 15, 1886, died February, 1900. 

fl) Jethro Brown is said to 
BRO\\'N have been progenitor of a num- 
erous family of Stonington, 
Connecticut : and more than that he served 
with great credit to himself and his descend- 
ants as a soldier and sailor in service during 
the French and Indian war in 1756. As a 
soldier he frequently was on scout duty on the 
frontier of white settlement, and as a sailor 
his service is said to have been on board a 
privateer. After his marriage he left Con- 
necticut and went to Keene, New Hampshire, 
remained there a short time and then removed 



to Putney, Vermont, and purchased fifty acres 
of land in the Connecticut valley, but in the 
course of a few years he felt the need of more 
land and then went into the town of Marl- 
boro and bought "Right No. 48," in 1787, 
improved it and spent the remainder of his 
life in that town. He died February 26, 1813, 
aged eighty-six years. He married Molly 
Haynes, of Groton, Connecticut, who died 
Alarch ID, 1817. aged eighty-four years. Chil- 
dren : I. Harriet, married a Smead and lived 
in Keene. 2. Molly, married John Irvine. 3. 
Daniel, married Lucy Alexander. 4. John, 
married widow Miner, of Putney. 5. Jere- 
miah. 6. Benjamin, married Abigail Wilson. 
7. John, married Sally Wilson, sister of Abi- 
gail. 8. Lyman. 9. Charlotte. 10. Bathsheba. 
(H) Lyman, son of Jethro and Molly 
(Haynes) Brown, was born March 28, 1767, 
died February 10, 1854. He married ]\Iiriam 
Whitney, born June 10, 1776 (see Whitney). 
Children: i. Leafy, born May 25, 1792, mar- 
ried Oliver Halliday. 2. Daniel, January 22, 

1794, died July 4, 1823: married Katherine 
Arnold. 3. Samuel Whitney, November 29, 

1795. 4. William, August 3, 1797, died Sep- 
tember 8, 1822. 5. Phebe, July 10, 1799, died 
November 13, 1799. 6. Phebe H., September 

2, 1800, died 1831 ; married George Gilbert. 
7. Lyman Jr., October 2, 1802, died Novem- 
ber 27, 1862. 8. Bathsheba, November 25, 
1804, died March 19, 1848; married Luke 
^^'hitney. 9. Lucy, March 16, 1806, died April 
10, 1806. 10. Miriam W., June 7, 1808, died 
June 13, 1888; married Joseph Rand. 11. 
Hamilton, May 27, 181 1, died December 18, 
1885; married (first) Adelia Spaulding, (sec- 
and ) Emily M. Walker. 12. Eliza P., Sep- 
tember 12, 1812, married Avery Holden. 13. 
John F., January 28, 181 5. 14. Diana, Sep- 
tember 7, 1818, died March 28, 1864; married 
John Knight. 

(HIj Samuel W'hitney, son of Lyman and 
Miriam (Whitney) Brown, was born Novem- 
ber 29, 1795, died September 6, 1863. He 
married Phila Mather, born June 23, 1797, 
died June i, 1871. They had five children: 
I. Mary Ann, born November 15, 1819, died 
DecenAer 7, 1845; married Hearte H. Win- 
chester. 2. Timothy M., ]\Iay 24, 1821, died 
November 15, 1872; married, May 2, 1848, 
Mary Ingram, and had George Albert, born 
April 14, 1849; Alice J., January 22, 1851; 
Addison M., ]une 23, 1852, died April 10, 
1854, Ada M., "October 23, 1854; William M., 
May 18, 1856; Milo A., December 18. 1858. 

3. Phila Mather, August 16, 1823, married 

P. S. White. 4. Lucy A., died November 17, 
1870; married, March 9, 1846, Wilson M. 
Winchester, and had Herbert C, born May 
23, 1847, died June 19, 1881 ; Ella F., June 
16, 1849; Cora A., April 3, 1852, died May 8, 
1894; Hattie A., July 10, 1853 ; Lucy M., Octo- 
ber 12, 1854, died September 5, 1878. 5. Han- 
nah K., August 8, 1829, died April 14, 1878 ; 
married, February 19, 1850, Reuben Win- 
chester (see Winchester). 

(The Whitney Line). 

The surname Whitney, originally written de 
Whitney, is said to have been derived from 
the name of the parish where the castle stood. 
Aluard, a Saxon, held the land before the 
conquest, but at the time of "Doomsday Sur- 
vey," A. D., 1086, it was waste, without an 
owner, save the king as lord paramount. A 
grandson or great-grandson of Sir Turstin, 
one of the conqueror's knights, known as 
Turstin of Fleming, sometime between iioo 
and 1200, engaging in the border wars, built 
a stronghold and took up his abode at Whit- 
ney, on the banks of the Wye, and thus after 
the custom of the period acquired the sur- 
names of de Whitney. The first mention of a 
de Whitney in any extant record is that of 
Robert de Wytteneye, in the "Testa de Nevil," 
A. D., 1242. 

(I) Sir Robert Whitney was knighted by 
Queen Mary in 1553 and represented Here- 
fordshire in the parliament. 

(H) Thomas, son of Sir Robert Whitney, 
was born in Herefordshire, and went to live 
at Lambeth Marsh, near the Surrey end of 
Westminster bridge. May 10, 1583, he secured 
a license to marry Mary, daughter of John 
Bray. In the license he is described as Thomas 
Whytney, of Lambeth IMarsh, gentleman, and 
on May 12 the marriage ceremony was per- 
formed in St. Margaret's. Nine children were 
born of this marriage, but only three of them 
grew to maturity, John, Francis and Robert. 
Of these Francis died in Westminster, 1643, 
Robert in the parish of St. Peter's, Cornhill, 
London, 1662, and John emigrated to New 
England and settled down at Watertown in 
the colony of Massachusetts Bay. It is of 
him and one line of his descendants that we 
have particularly to deal in this place. 

(HI) John, son of Thomas and Mary 
(Bray) Whitney, was born in 1589, receiving 
a good education, probably in the famous 
Westminster School (now St. Peter's Col- 
lege), and at the age of fourteen was appren- 
ticed by his father to William Pring, of the 



Old Bailey, London, a freeman of the Mer- 
chant Tailors' Company, the most prosper- 
ous of all of the trade guilds, including in its 
membership men of all professions and many 
of the nobility. March 13, 1614, being then 
twenty-one years old, John Whitney became a 
member of the company, soon afterward mar- 
ried, and in 1619 went to live at Islesworth- 
on-the-Thames, eight miles from Westminster, 
remained there until 1624, then went probably 
to London and lived in that city until he sailed 
for America. Early in April, 1635. he reg- 
istered with his wife Elinor and five sons as 
passengers in the "Elizabeth and Ann," and 
sailed for New England. In June, 1635, he 
settled in W^atertown, was made freeman, 
1636, selectman, 1637, and held the latter office 
until 1655, when he was elected town clerk. 
As early as 1641 he was appointed by the gen- 
eral court constable at Watertown, an office 
of much dignity and the incumbent of which 
then was regarded as a man of consequence 
and influence. He was the grantee of eight 
lots in \^'atertown, the purchaser of si.xteen 
other lots, and thus became possessed of a 
large estate. His wife Elinor died in 1659 
and in the same year he married Judith Clem- 
ent. John Whitney died in June. 1673. He 
had nine children, all born of his first mar- 

(lY) John (2), son of John (i ) and Elinor 
Whitney, was born in England in 1620, died 
in Watertown, Massachusetts. October 12, 
1692. He was made freeman in 1647, and 
was a selectman in Watertown from 1673 ^° 
1680. The name of John Whitney appears in 
a list of names of twenty men of the town who 
were impressed with provisions, arms and 
ammunition for the defense of the colony in 
1675, during King Philip's war. His will was 
drawn by himself in 1685, signed it in 1690, 
and died before October 26, 1692, when the 
inventory of his property was made. In 1642 
he married Ruth, daughter of Robert Reynolds, 
of ^^'atertown. and by whom he had ten chil- 

(\') Nathaniel, son of John (2) and Ruth 
(Reynolds) Whitney, was born in Watertown, 
Massachusetts. February i, 1646, died in Wes- 
ton, Massachusetts, January 7, 1732. The 
greater part of his life was spent in Weston, 
where he was a farmer, and the farm on which 
he lived was afterward in possession of his 
descendants for five or more generations. He 
married, March 12, 1673. Sarah Hagar. born 
September 3, 1651. died May 7. 1746, having 
borne her husband eight children. 

{YD Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel (i) 
and Sarah (Hagar) Whitney, was born in 
Weston, but did not spend his life in the town. 

(\'II) Samuel, son of Nathaniel (2) Whit- 
ney, was born in Weston about 171 1 and died 
in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, August 2, 1788. 
He went to Shrewsbury about 1743 and joined 
the church there in 1761. After his death his 
widow went to Marlboro, \'ermont, to live 
with her children, and she died there at the 
home of her son. Deacon Jonas Whitney, Octo- 
ber 23, 1800, aged eighty-four years. Samuel 
Whitney went to Marlboro in 1769, and in the 
spring of the ne.xt year made a quantity of 
maple sugar. Soon afterward he removed to 
the west part of the town and settled on a 
farm which later was in possession of Ira 
Adams, and which farm is located on the 
easterly slope of Hogback Mountain. He 
enjoyed considerable local notoriety as a hunter 
of large game, and on one occasion with the 
aid of two of his sons killed a bear which 
dressed at four hundred and si.xty-six pounds, 
said to have been the largest bear ever killed 
in Vermont. Although well on in years Cap- 
tain Whitney (he was known by that title) 
took a patriot's part in the revolutionary war, 
and on the occasion of the alarm at Lexington 
took his old musket and with Captain Warren 
went forward and ottered his services for the 
common cause of the country. At the battle 
of Bennington, August, 1777, he was present 
and performed guard duty over the captured 
British. On April 7, 1735, he married Eliza- 
beth Hastings, of Watertown ; children : 
Samuel, James. Elizabeth, Lucy, Lydia, Lacan- 
nah, Nathaniel, Jane, Sarah, Eliphalet and 

(VHI) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) and 
Elizabeth (Hastings) Whitney, was born 
about 1740. died February i, 181 1. About ten 
vears after his marriage he removed to Marl- 
boro, \'ermont, and spent his life on the farm 
then owned by Mr. Adams, as is mentioned in 
a preceding paragraph. He married, in 1762, 
Phebe Harrington, of Grafton, Massachusetts; 
eleven children, five of whom were born in 
Shrewsbury and six in Marlboro: I. Cath- 
erine, May 5, 1763, married S. C. Pratt. 2. 
Elizabeth, August 26, 1764, married Alson 
Pratt. 3. Moses, October 21, 1765, died De- 
cember 14, 1765. 4. Moses, January 26, 1767. 
5. Gilford. January 2. 1769. 6. Samuel C. 
April 18. 1772. 7. Miriam, June 10, 1776, 
married Lyman Brown (see Brown). 8. 
Zenas, IMarch 14, 1779. 9. Simei, April 10, 
1781. 10. Phebe, January 7, 1786, married 


Roswell Paddleford. ii. Roswell, July 27, 
1787, died May 3, 1790. 

The antiquity of the 
HUTCHINSON Hutchinson family is 

very great. Its origin 
has been assigned to one Uitchensis, said to 
have been a Norwegian and to have come from 
Normandy with William the Conqueror, but 
there is no record of the family after the Con- 
quest until 1282, after which the history of the 
family is definitely known. The coat-of-arms : 
Per pale gules and azure semee of cross-cross- 
lets or, a lion rampant argent. Crest : Out of 
a ducal coronet or a cockatrice with wings en- 
dorsed azure, beaked combed and wattled gules. 

(I) Bernard Hutchinson, of Cowlan, York- 
shire. England, was living in 1282. He bore 
the coat-of-arms just described. His wife was 
the daughter of John Boyvill, Esq., of one of 
the best families of Yorkshire. Children: i. 
John, mentioned below. 2. Robert, married 
Newcomen, of Saltfleetlby, Lincoln- 
shire. 3. Mary, married William Sutton, of 
Washingborough, Lincolnshire. 

(II) John, son of Bernard Hutchinson, mar- 
ried Edith Wouldbie, of Wouldbie. Children : 

1. James, mentioned below. 2. Barbara, mar- 
ried Lewis Ashton, of Spalding, Lincolnshire. 

3. Julia, married Allyne Bruxbie, of Shobie. 

4. j\Iargaret, married \\'illiam Champernowne, 
of Devonshire. 

(III) James, only son of John Hutchinson, 
was of Cowlam, and married Ursula Gregory, 
of Nafiferton, Yorkshire. Children : i. Will- 
iam, mentioned below. 2. John, married daugh- 
ter of John Conyers. 3. Barbara, married 
John Hathorne. of Cransweke (Cranswick). 

4. Daughter, married John Ocam, Esq. 5. 
Eleanor, married Thomas Brown, Esq. 

(IV) William, son of James Plutchinson, 
married .A.nne Bennett, daughter of William 
Bennett, of Thackley, in the West Riding of 
Yorkshire, England. Children: i. Anthony, 
mentioned below. 2. Oliver, married daughter 
of John Tindall. 3. Mary, married Jervas 
Abtost. 4. Alice, married William English. 

(V) Anthony, son of William Hutchinson, 
married (first) Judith Crosland, daughter of 
Thomas; (second) Lsabel Harvie, daughter of 
Robert. Children of second wife : I. W'illiam. 

2. Thomas, mentioned below. 3. John. 4. 
Richard, supposed to have settled in Ireland. 

5. Leonard. 6. Edmund. 7. Francis. 8. 

(\T) Thomas, son of Anthony Hutchinson, 
bought the principal part of the township of 

Owthorpe, Nottinghamshire, the remaining 
portion afterwards coming into the family of 
his descendants. He lived in the reign of 
Henry VIII. He owned also an estate at 
Colston Bassett, a few miles east of Owthorpe. 
His actual residence was at Cropwell Butler. 
He was living as late as October 9, 1550. Chil- 
dren : I. William. 2. John. 3. Lawrence, men- 
tioned below. 

(VTI) Lawrence, son of Thomas Hutchin- 
son, resided at Tollertown, a town between 
Owthorpe and Nottingham. He married Isa- 
bel , who survived him. His will was 

dated July 2, 1577, and proved at York Octo- 
ber 9 following. Children: i. Robert. 2. 
Thomas, mentioned below. 3. Agnes. 4. 
Richard. 5. William. 

(VTII) Thomas (2), son of Lawrence 
Hutchinson, resided at Newark in Notting- 
hamshire, and died in 1598. His will was 
proved May 11 of that year and dated March 
I. Children: i. William, died before his 
father. 2. Thomas, mentioned below. 3. Joan. 

(IX) Thomas (3), son of Thomas (2) 
Hutchinson, inherited his father's estate at 
Newark, but removed to Arnold, near Notting- 
ham, between 1601 and 1605. He married 
.'Mice ■ who survived him. He was 
buried at Arnold, August 17, 1618, his will 
being dated March 4, preceding. He bequeath- 
ed to all his children, most of whom were 
doubtless born at Newark before his removal 
to Arnold. Children : i. John, married twice ; 
lived at Arnold. 2. Isabel, married Adam 
Barker. 3. Humphrey, living in 1618. 4. 
Elizabeth. 5. Robert, baptized at Newark, 
September 6, 1601, lived at Arnold. 6. Rich- 
ard, mentioned below. 7. Thomas, baptized at 
Arnold, June 16, 1605. 

(X) Richard, son of Thomas (3) Hutchin- 
son, was born 1602-03. In 1660 he deposed 
that his age was fifty-eight. He married, at 
Cotgrave, county Nottingham, England, De- 
cember 7, 1627, .A_lice Bosworth, probably 
daughter of Joseph Bosworth, of Southell, 
otherwise known as the cathedral church of- 
Nottinghamshire. He was the immigrant an- 
cestor, and came to America in 1634 with his 
wife Alice and four children, and settled in 
Salem, Massachusetts. He had a grant of 
land from Salem in 1636 and the next year a 
grant of twenty acres more, "provided he will 
set up a plough." It is said that at that time 
there were but thirty-seven ploughs in the 
entire colony. In 1664 he had another parcel 
of land granted him and in 1660 still another. 
This land was situated in the vicinity of 


Hathorn's Hill. Beaver Dam brook, now called 
Beaver brook, which runs through Middleton 
into the Ipswich river. He and his wife were 
members of the Salem church at carlv as 1636. 
He bought a farm of a hundred and fifty acres 
at Salem \'illage, now Danvers, of Elias Still- 
man in 1648, and that was his homestead after- 
wards. He served on a committee of the 
town to survey Jefifrey"s creek, now Man- 
chester, and Mackerel cove. He married (sec- 
ond ) in October, 1668, Sarah Standish, widow 
of James Standish of whose estate Hutchin- 
son was appointed administrator, April i, 1679. 
His will was dated January ig, 1679, and 
proved September 26, 1682. His widow mar- 
ried (third) Thomas Roots, of Manchester, 
whom she also survived. Children of first 
wife, the first five born in England: I. Alice, 
baptized at North Muskham, Nottinghamshire, 
September 27, 1628, died there the same year. 
2. Elizabeth, baptized at Arnold, August 30, 
1629. married Deacon Nathaniel Putnam, of 
Danvers. 3. Mary, baptized at North Musk- 
ham, December 28, 1630; married Thomas 
Hale, of Newbury, Massachusetts. 4. Re- 
becca, born 1632, married James Hadlock, of 
Salem. 5. Joseph, mentioned below. 6. Abi- 
gail, baptized at Salem, December 25, 1636, 
married Anthony Ashby. 7. Hannah, baptized 
June 20. 1639, married, April 12, 1662, Daniel 
Boardman. 8. John, born May, 1643. married, 
July, 1672, Sarah Putnam. 

(NI) Joseph, son of Richard Hutchinson, 
was born in England in 1633. He came to 
America with his father and settled on part 
of the homestead conveyed to him by deed of 
gift March 16, 1666. He also had a grant of 
land in Salem. In 1673 he was one of the 
committee to build a parsonage at Danvers, 
and he gave the land. He was one of the peti- 
tioners for the setting off of the town of Dan- 
vers, then called Salem Village. He conveyed 
most of his real estate to his sons before his 
death, and died intestate. He married (first) 
Abigail Gedney, daughter of John Gedney. 
He married (second) February 28, 1678, Lydia 
(Buxton) Small, widow of Joseph Small. She 
was admitted to the church at Danvers, April 
27, 1690. Children of first wife, all baptized 
a: the First Church in Salem, September 26, 
1666: I. Abigail, died young. 2. Bethia, died 
1690. 3. Joseph, died May, 1751. 4. John, 
died 1746: married. May 7, 1694, Mary Gould. 
5. Benjamin, mentioned below. Children of 
second wife: 6. Abigail, born June 14. 1679. 
7. Richard. May 10. 1681, married, February 
16, 1714, Rachel Bunce. 8. Samuel, October 

9, 1682. 9. Ambrose, June 4, 1684, married 
Ruth Leach. 10. Lydia, September 13, 1685, 
married George Nourse. 11. Robert, Novem- 
ber 3, 1687, married Elizabeth Putnam. 

(XII) Benjamin, son of Joseph Hutchin- 
son, was baptized September 26, 1666, died 
intestate in 1733. While an infant he was 
adopted into the family of Deacon Nathaniel 
Ingersoll, whose only child had died, and 
brought up by him as a son. He lived with 
Mr. Ingersoll until he was twenty-one years 
of age. at which time his foster father con- 
veyed to him by deed of gift ten acres of 
upland and three of meadow. Deacon 
Ingersoll. in his will made in 17 19, bequeathed 
to Benjamin Hutchinson "in consideration of 
the great help he had been while living with 
him, and after he had left," all the remaining 
part of his whole estate, real and personal, 
after making provision for the remainder of 
his family. He was a farmer, and lived on a 
part of the homestead which had been his 
father's. He gave away most of his property 
to members of his family before he died. He 
and his wife were witnesses in certain witch- 
craft cases in Salem. He married (first) 
Jane Phillips, who died 171 1, daughter of Wal- 
ter and Margaret Phillips. He was received 
into the church May 7, 1699. and his wife the 
May following. He married (second), Jan- 
uary 26, 1714-15, Abigail Foster. Children of 
first wife: i. Son. died young. 2. Benjamin, 
born August 31, 1690, died September 18, 
1690. 3. Hannah. May 7. 1692, married, 
March 6, 1717-18, William Henfield. 4. Ben- 
jamin, January 27, 1693-94. 5. Bethiah, Janu- 
ary 5, 1695-96. 6. Nathaniel, May 3, 1698, 
mentioned below. 7. Sarah, December 26, 
1701, married, November 17, 1725, Cornelius 
Putnam. 8. Bartholomew, April 27, 1703. 9. 
Jane, August i, 1705, married. September 8, 
1726, Jonathan Buxton. 10. Israel, baptized 
October 5, 1708, died young. 11. John, died 
before 1733. Child of second wife: 12. Jon- 
athan, born July 18, 1716. 

(XIII) Nathaniel, son of Benjamin Hutch- 
inson, was. born at Danvers. May 3, 1698, died 
at Sutton. His will was dated May 5, 1756, 
and proved October 24, 1757. In 1733 he 
removed to Sutton and settled on the Joseph 
Severy place in the northwestern part of the 
town. He served in the French and Indian 

war. He married (first) Mary , and 

with her united with the church at Danvers, 
March 15. 1723-24. He married ( second j 
Toanna Conant, daughter of Lot and Elizabeth 
Conant. She was baptized in the first church 


at Beverly, November 27, 1709, and died in 
1802. Children of first wife: i. Mary, bap- 
tized March 15, 1723-24, married, November 
27, 1745, Jonathan Fitts. 2. Susannah, bap- 
tized November 28, 1725, died January 12, 
1797; married. May 14, 1752, Daniel Day. 3. 
Bethia, baptized July 14, 1730, married Ebe- 
nezer Fitts. Children of second wife : 4. 
Bartholomew, born June 28, 1734, mentioned 
below. 5. Elizabeth, born November i, 1736, 
married. August 13, 1762, Israel Richardson. 

6. Nathaniel, died 1755 in the French war. 7. 
Lot, born August i, 1741, died March 24, 
1818: settled at Braintree, Vermont; married, 
September 25, 1764, Hannah Morse. 8. Ben- 
jamin, born January 30, .1744, died January 

7, 1840; married, July 11, 1825, Judith Lillie. 
9. Jonathan, born September 2, 1746, died 
September i, 1807; married Ruth Underwood. 
ID. Sarah, born August, 1752, died June 9, 
1834; married, October 19, 1813, Ensign 
Samuel Rich. 

(XIV) Lieutenant Bartholomew, son of 
Nathaniel Hutchinson, was born at Sutton, 
June 28, 1734, died there February 18, 1820. 
He inherited his father's estate at Sutton, and 
added to it by purchase, making it a two hun- 
dred acre farm. He sold it later to his son 
Simon, who in turn conveyed it to his son, 
Edwin H. Hutchinson, who owned it as late 
as 1878. Bartholomew Hutchinson was a 
lieutenant in the revolution in Captain Barthol- 
omew Woodbury's eighth company, fifth Wor- 
cester county regiment, in 1776; also in Cap- 
tain John Howard's company. Colonel Jona- 
than Holman's regiment, and marched from 
^^'orcester to reinforce the army of the north 
in the fall of 1777: also in the same company 
under Coionel Jacob Davis, in 1780, at the 
Rhode Island alarm. He was a member of the 
first church of Sutton. He married (first) 
.August 4, 1763, Ruth Haven, born 1742, died 
September 3, 1796, daughter of Deacon John 
and Susannah Haven. He married (second) 
(intentions dated January 26, 1799) Mrs. 
Phebe Stockwell. He married (third) (inten- 
tions dated July 14, 1799) Rebecca Munroe, 
who died September 26, 1826. Children, all 
by first wife: i. Nathaniel, born April 13, 
1764, died August 3, 1794: married, 1786, 
Lucy Flint. 2. John, January 18, 1766, mar- 
ried. January 4, 1793. Lucy Kenney; died May 
29, 1845. 3. Asa, December 24, 1767, died 
June 6, 1771. 4. Bartholomew, January 7, 
1770, married (first) 1 79 1, Lydia King; (sec- 
ond) January 23, 1797, Olive Kenney; died 
February 14, 1855. 5. Lois, January 18, 1772, 

died August 7, 1799; married, May 15, 1798, 
Simon Holbrook. 6. Timothy Harden, July 
31, 1 774, mentioned below. 7. Ruth, June 7, 1776, 

marriecl Lee. 8. Simon, April 26, 1779, 

died September 11, 1865; married (first) No- 
vember 28. 1806, Vandalinda ]\Iorse ; children : 
i. Alaxa Ann, born September 7, 1807, mar- 
ried, November i, 1830, Alanson A. Lumbard ; 
ii. Sylvander, born March 7, 1809, died June 
15, 1838; iii. Dexter, born Alarch 14, 181 1, 
died July 24, 1813; iv. Lucy ]\Iorse, born Sep- 
tember 24, 1 81 2 ; V. Charles Dexter ; vi. Horace ; 
vii. Hannah Gibbs, born July 23, 1818, died 
July 16, 1845 ; viii. Bartholomew H., born Sep- 
tember 3, 1820, died September, 1822; ix. Ed- 
win Haven, born August 22, 1821, married, 
December 12, 1844, ]\Iary Ann F. Waters; x. 
Emeline Bemis, born July 23, 1823, married, 
August 30, 1853, Amos Brown; xi. Mary Lee, 
born September 23, 1828, died July 28, 1844; 
xii. Margaret, born October 12, 1830, died 
June 3, 1831. 9. Betsey, April 22, 1781, mar- 
ried, October 7, 1804, Jonas Cummings. 10. 
Lucy, April 24, 1784, married, November 28, 
180S, Sylvester Morse. 

(XV) Timothy Harden, son of Lieutenant 
Bartholomew Hutchinson, was born at Sutton, 
July 31, 1774, died at Albany, Maine, March 
14, 1867. He received his education in the 
public schools, and for twenty years taught 
school a part of the j^ear, farming the re- 
mainder of the year. He settled near the 
centre of the town of Sutton, in the South 
parish. Between 1808 and 1810 he removed 
to Sangerville, Oxford county, Maine, and 
about 1813 to Bucksfield, Maine, and in 1818 
was a resident of Paris, Maine. He sold the 
property in Sutton which was inherited by his 
wife from her father, Fbenezer Rawson. and 
also land which he inherited from John Haven. 
He also sold his own property in Sutton to his 
brother Simon. In 1818 he removed to Albany, 
I\Iaine, and bought a farm at Hunt's Corner, 
of two hundred acres. He became a pros- 
perous farmer and a leading citizen of the 
town, serving as justice of the peace and in 
other positions of trust and honor. He was a 
man of strict temperance principles, a leader 
in reform movements, and of earnest piety. 
He was a fervid supporter of the Methodist 
church. In politics he was a Whig. He served 
in the militia. He married, March 24, 1797, 
Nizaula Rawson, born April 18, 1777, died 
February 25, 1869, daughter of Ebenezer and 
Sarah (Chase) Rawson, of Sutton. Children: 
I. Lewis, born at Sutton, October 3, 1797, mar- 
ried (first) Abigail Merrill; (second) Febru- 



ary 21, 1852, Caroline Packard; children: i. 
Almond, born June 10, 1820; ii. Angeline, born 
May 19, 1825 ; iii. Freeland, born August 14, 
1831 ; iv. Arvilla, born November 24, 1833. 
2. Galen, Sutton, January 8, 1799, married, 
June 10, 1821, Olive Flint: children: i. Eliz- 
abeth, born December 31, 1822, died October 
15, 1839; ii. Sullivan, born June 10, 1826, mar- 
ried, January 2, 1850, Elzina Eastman and had 
Aurin, born February 13, 185 1, and Olive, 
born February 24, 1853; iii. Galen, born De- 
cember 31, 1S29, died January 29, 1831 ; iv. 
Timothy W., born November 21, 1832, mar- 
ried, March 13, 1862, Anna L. Canby and had 
Bessie, born November 12, 1864, died Septem- 
ber 7, 1866, Richard C, born June 19, 1867, 
and Parke S.^ born October 10, 1869. 3. 
Nizaula, Sutton, February 13, 1801, died Sep- 
tember 2, 1855; married, 1822, Herman 
Towne ; children : i. Arabella, born December 
7 1824; ii. Clarissa D., born July 26, 1830. 4. 
Marmaduke Raw-son, Sutton, February 12, 
1802, married, February 28, 1827, Sophia 
Cummings : children : i. Lyman, born January 
4. 1828, married. May 6, 1855, Martha M'. 
Stone and had Fred R., born November 27, 
1863, died October 9, 1865; ii. Charles, born 
May 2, 1831 ; iii. Daniel, born April 19, 1834, 
died 1870; iv. Miranda, born September 24, 
1837, married P. F. Wardwell : v. Rowena, 
born September 9, 1845, married, November 
28, 1869, EUery Wheeler and had Lizzie 
Sophia \\'heeler, born September 5, 1871. 5. 
James Sullivan, Sutton, November 22, 1804, 
died November 8, 1806. 6. Charlotte, Sutton, 
died young. 7. Liberty Haven, Sutton, No- 
vember I, 1808, married, December 23, 1834, 
Laurinda Kimball : children : i. Horace, born 
July 22, 1837, married, December 3, 1863, 
Harriet Proctor and had Ervin, born Septem- 
ber 28, 1864, Laura, born May 4, 1867, died 
1869, Arthur and Archie (twins), born 1869; 
ii. Frederick, born December 31, 1842; iii. 
Austin, born November 29, 1846, married, 
1872, Lucy J. Carter. 8. Timothy Harden, 
March 5, 1810, married, December 22, 1856, 
Eliza A. Hazeltine : resided at Gorham, Maine, 
and was an inventor of mill rnachinery. 9. 
.Arvilla, 1812, married, January 29, 1837, Will- 
iam Evans : children : i. Edwin F., born Janu- 
ary 29, 1838, married Cora Lumm and had 
Wayne and Sadie Evans; ii. Caroline, born 
August 17, 1839, died October 2, 1850; iii. 
\"irgil, born October 28, 1841 : iv. Rawson S., 
born August 2, 1845, married Nellie Seeley ; 
V. San ford W., born June 27, 1847; vi. Osman 
C, born March 21, 1850; vii. Clara Emily, 

born August 18, 1854. 10. Clarissa, January 
8, 1S13, married, June 20, 1833, William H. 
Pingree ; children : i. Edwin F., born July 14, 
1834; ii. Harriet, born January 20, 1836; iii. 
Rosanna, born February 25, 1838, married, 

1858, Charles E. Dunn; iv. ALiry E., 
born April 2, 1840, married Thomas 
Smith; v. Rowena, born January 20, 1843; 
vi. Caroline, born May 4, 1852. 11. Edwin 
Freeman, November 16, 1815, mentioned 
below. 12. Freeman. 13. Mary, February, 
1817, died February, 1843; married, Septem- 
ber 5, 1839, Dustin P. Ordway and had Sum- 
ner P. Ordway, born March 31, 1842. 14. 
Diantha, October 12, 1819, died July 16, 1868; 
married, June 8, 1841, Prescott Lovering; chil- 
dren : i. Mary Elizabeth, born May 6, 1842, 
died November 12, 1842 : ii. Sibra Rawson, born 
February 8, 1845, married William Staples; iii. 
Lewis H., born April 18, 1848; iv. Francis 
Hill, born January 17, 1850, married Abbie 
Bennett and had Chester B. and Stanley Lover- 
ing; V. Dustin Ordway, born January 5, 1851, 
died 1853; vi. Alma Adelaide, born March 15, 

1859, married Frank A. CJxnard. 15. Ebe- 
nezer Sumner, Albany, Maine, December i, 
1822, married, June 15, 1845, Betsey F. Pin- 
gree ; children : i. Mary Ursula, born Sep- 
tember 30, 1846, married, November 29, 1866, 
John E. Saunders and had Mary Annette 
Saunders, born December 7, 1867; ii. Orinda 
D., born I\Iay 28, 1853 : iii. Luella Angeline, 
born June 22, 1857 ; iv. Ambrose Burnside, 
born June 2, 1862. 

(XV'I) Edwin Freeman, son of Timothy 
Harden Hutchinson, was born at Albany, 
Maine, November 16, 181 5, died 1884. He 
went to live with his sister when he was eight 
years old, helping on the farm in summer and 
attending the district school in winter. At the 
age of fourteen he returned home and learned 
the trade of shoemaker, and after the custom 
of the times followed his trade in winter and 
farmed in summer. When he came of age he 
engaged in the building and equipment of saw 
mills and grist mills, in partnership with his 
brother, Timothy Harden Hutchinson. They 
built mills at Dixfield, Buckfield and Peru, 
Maine, and at various places in New Hamp- 
shire, during the ne.xt six years. In 1840 he 
removed to Milan, New Hampshire, buying a 
farm of three hundred acres on Milan Hill, 
about a mile from Milan Corners. He became 
a prosperous farmer. In addition to farming he 
carried on extensive lumbering operations, cut- 
ting and sawing the timber from wood-lots 
that he bought "in that section. He had one 



tract of seven hundred acres of timber land at 
Jericho, New Hampshire. He kept some 
thirty-five head of cattle and fifty sheep. In 
the last year of his life on the farm he raised 
eight hundred bushels of potatoes. He was a 
skillful mechanic with all kinds of tools. He 
built his own house from timber that he cut 
on his own land. About 1867 he removed to 
Auburn, Maine, selling his farm and property 
at Milan, buying a small place at Stevens Mills 
and engaged in the building business. After-- 
wards he lived for a time with his daughter 
at Auburn. In 1878, at the time of his second 
marriage, he removed to North Norway, 
Maine, and settled on a fifty acre farm that 
he owned, devoting himself to the culture of 
fruit and having one of the best apple orchards 
in that section. He was an active, energetic 
man. much respected in the community in 
which he lived. Early in life he became inter- 
ested in temperance reform and signed the 
total abstinence pledge, which he always kept. 
He was devoted to his family and much beloved 
by his children. He was brought up in the 
Methodist faith, but in later years became a 
Universalist. In politics he was a Republican, 
and was selectman of the town of Milan. He 
also held other positions of trust. He mar- 
ried (first) July 23, 1843, Elizabeth Ann Flint, 
born at Norway, Maine, April 6, 1821, died 
April, 1873, daughter of Benjamin and Eliz- 
abeth (Merrill) Flint. Her father was a 
farmer. He married (second) Mrs. Eliza 
Hutchins. Children: i. Liberty Haven, born 
March i, 1844, mentioned below. 2. Harlan, 
November 21, 1845, died August 15, 1863. 3. 
Freedom, August 6, 1847, mentioned below. 
4. Luella, June 18, 1849, died December 10, 
1854. 5. Melvin, August 27. 1851, mentioned 
below. 6. Arabella Libby, June 26, 1853, died 
July 20, 1863. 7. Etta, March 26, 1855, mar- 
ried, April 13, 1887, George Dexter Bearce, 
of Auburn, Maine, who died August 26, 1887; 
children: i. Winfield Dexter, born August 16, 
1880, graduated from University of Maine in 
June, 1906, married, September 8, 1906, Mae 
Lora Cook, son, Winfield Hutchinson Bearce, 
born April 19, 1908; ii. Edwin Freeman, born 
February 2, 1882, graduated from University 
of Maine, June, 1905 ; iii. Clara Florence, born 
January 19, 1884. died December 6, 1890; iv. 
George Dunham, born December 14, 1887, he 
is now student at University of Maine, class 
of 191 1. 8. Lizzie Florence. June 20, 1859, 
married (first) Frank Tarr and (second) 
Millard F. Haskell, of Poland, Maine. 9. Ella 
May, April 9, 1864. 

(XVII) Liberty Haven, son of Edwin Free- 
man Hutchinson, was born at Milan, March i, 
1844, died at Lewiston, Maine, September 9, 
1882. He attended the public schools of his 
native town, fitted for college in the academy 
at Lancaster, New Hampshire, and graduated 
from Bates College in the class of 1871 with 
the degree of A. B. He inherited strong intel- 
lectual powers and at a comparatively early age 
displayed those sterling characteristics that 
later won for him success and honor in his pro- 
fession. He began the study of law in 1871 
in the office of M. T. Ludden and was admitted 
to the bar the following year. He began to 
practice in Lewiston and continued with con- 
stantly increasing success and distinction until 
his death. During his later years he was a 
law partner of Hon. Albert R. Savage, now 
justice of the Maine supreme court, and his 
esteem for his partner is shown by the fact 
that he named his eldest son for him. During 
his brief but brilliant career he had many 
important cases. He was especially gifted as 
a public speaker and efl:'ective in addressing 
juries. Of good judgment, great learning, 
keen intellect, upright in character and high 
in ideals he made this influence widely felt and 
attained a leading position in his profession 
and in public life. For a number of years he 
was a member of the Lewiston school board. 
He represented his district three terms in the 
state legislature and in 1881, his last year, was 
speaker of the house of representatives, elected, 
it should be said, by a unanimous vote. Just 
before his death he was prominently mentioned 
as Republican candidate for congress. He 
was a member of the Lodge of Free Masons 
of Lewiston. He was a member of the LTni- 
tarian church of Lewiston and for a time 
superintendent of its Sunday school. He en- 
joyed to the fullest extent the respect and 
esteem of his townsmen and the confidence of 
the whole state. He married, November 20, 
1869, Mary Wyatt Emery, of West Newbury, 
Massachusetts, born April 7, 1850, daughter of 
Nehemiah Follansbee and Mary Ann (Wyatt) 
Emery, of West Newbury. Children, born at 
Lewiston: i. Annie Luella, August 12, 1870, 
married, June 29, 1892, William Henry Green, 
of Lynn, Massachusetts ; children : i. William 
Albert, born August 24, 1893; ii. Grace Kath- 
erine, born May 26, 1895; iii. Edwin Thomas, 
born December 3, 1903. 2. Albert Savage, 
October 27. 1 87 1, mentioned below. 3. Edwin 
Liberty, November i, 1872, married, Septem- 
ber, 1899, Mary Elizabeth Mower, of Lynn; 
child, Mary Eleanor, born July 21, 1900, 4. 

/ ^ 



Mary Elizabeth, November i6, 1874, died Jan- 
uary 17, 1899. 5. Grace Lyndon, April 19, 
1879, died September 16, 1904. 

(XVIII) Albert Savage, son of Liberty 
Haven Hutchinson, was born at Lewiston, 
October 27, 1871. He attended the public 
schools of his native city, and graduated from 
Bowdoin College in the class of 1893 and from 
Harvard Law School in the class of 1899. 
From 1893 to 1896 he taught school at Pough- 
keepsie, New York. He was admitted to the 
bar in January, 1899, ^"d has practiced since 
then in Boston. He has an ofifice in the Ames 
Building and resides in Newton Highlands, 
Newton, Massachusetts. He married, October 
I, 1904, A'lrginia Walker Mellen, of Newton 
Highlands, born at Worcester, Massachusetts, 
May 15, 1878, daughter of George Henry and 
Nora (Walker) Mellen. They have one child, 
\'irginia Walker, born February 10, 1908. 

(X\'II) Freedom, son of Edwin Freeman 
Hutchinson, was born at Milan, New Hamp- 
shire, August 6, 1847. He attended the public 
schools of his native town and the Nichols 
Latin School of Lewiston, Maine, and entered 
Bates College in that city. He took high rank 
in scholarship and had the English oration at 
Commencement in the class of 1873. During 
the next two years he was principal of the 
Topsham high school, Topsham, Elaine. He 
began to read law in the office of his brother's 
firm, Hutchinson & Savage, of Lewiston, and 
was admitted to the bar at Auburn, Maine, 
in April, 1876. He came at once to Boston 
where he was admitted to the bar of Suffolk 
county, May 9, 1876, and where he has since 
practiced his profession with uniform success. 
His business has been of a general civil char- 
acter with a considerable specialty in corpora- 
tion matters. He has had charge of the legal 
interests of the Swift Brothers of Chicago and 
Boston, now Swift and Company, meat packers, 
during the past twenty-five years. He has 
attended to the organizing and incorporation 
of the numerous meat-packing, slaughtering, 
rendering and transportation companies of this 
concern, as its attorney.. He has represented 
these clients also in court in many important 
cases in Massachusetts and other states. He 
has attained a distinguished rank as a lawyer 
and is reckoned among the leaders of the 
Boston bar. He resided in Bo.ston from 1876 
to the fall of 1892 when he removed to New- 
■ ton Highlands. He has lately removed from 
Lincoln street to a handsome residence that 
he built on Center street, Newton. In politics 
he is a Republican. He was a member of the 

common council of Newton in 1895-96. He 
was made a Free Mason in Henry Price Lodge 
of Charlestown, and is now a member of 
Columbian Lodge of Boston. He belongs to 
many clubs and social organizations of Boston 
and Newton. Among them are the Middlesex 
Club, the Hunnewell Club of Newton ; the 
Katahdin Club of Maine composed largely of 
Newton men ; the Civic Club of Newton ; the 
Braeburn Country Club of West Newton and 
the Newton Golf Club. He is a member of 
the Unitarian church of Newton Center and 
for the past thirteen years has been chairman 
of the executive committee and ex-officio presi- 
dent of the society. He married. February 15, 
1886, Abbie Laighton Butler, born May 9, 
1865, daughter of Dr. David Presbury and 
Eleanor ( Bisbee) Butler. Her father was a 
prominent physician, a pioner in the develop- 
ment of systematic exercises for the health 
and development of the body. Children: i. 
Eleanor Butler, born October 31, 1887, student 
at Smith College. 2. Harlan Freedom, July 
4, 1893, "^isd June 24, 1894. 3. Sumner Free- 
dom, March 13, 1897. 

(XVII) Melvin, son of Edwin Freeman 
Hutchinson, was born in Milan, New Hamp- 
shire, August 27, 1851. He attended the public 
schools of his native town and of Auburn, 
Maine, working on the farm during his boy- 
hood. He learned the carpenter's trade of his 
father and worked with his father until he 
was twenty years old, when he left home and 
during the next seven years worked in the 
shoe factory of Moses Crafts at Auburn. For 
three years he was employed in the same busi- 
ness in the factory of Miller & Randall, also 
of Auburn. He came to Lowell, Massachu- 
setts, in June, 1882, in the employ of a sewing 
machine dealer. After a short time he re- 
moved to Providence, Rhode Island, and was 
for seven years with the Davis Sewing 
Machine Company. Then he was with the 
Standard Sewing Machine Company at Bos- 
ton eight years and later with the Wheeler 
& Wilson Sewing Machine Company. He 
was engaged in the sewing machine busi- 
ness in various positions and departments 
for a period of twenty years. In recent years 
he has been in charge of the eyelet department 
of the United Shoe Machinery Company of 
Beverly. He is the company's expert in 
machinery for eyeletting and has charge of 
the repairs and setting up of this kind of 
machinery in all parts of the country. His 
headquarters are at the Boston office, 205 Lin- 
coln street. In religion Mr. Hutchinson is a 



Universalist ; in politics an independent Re- 
publican. He was a delegate to the state con- 
vention of the Greenback party in Maine, when 
Governor Harris M. Plaisted was nominated. 
He is a member of Abouben Adhem Lodge 
of Odd Fellows, of Auburn, ]\Iaine, of Pejeb- 
scot Encampment and of Patriarch Militant. 
He married, June 5, 1890, Anna Lydia Raw- 
son, born at Oxford, Maine, November 15, 
1856, daughter of Solon and Lydia Hackett 
(Downing) Rawson, of Oxford. Her father 
was a contracting painter and farmer ; also at 
one time a grocer. They have no children. 

The several attempts of genealog- 
SEARS ists to trace the pre-American an- 
cestry of the Sears immigrant 
have met with many discouraging obstacles 
and few satisfactory results : and while it 
seems to be pretty well established that the 
family is one of great antiquity there has 
always existed a doubt regarding its origin, 
and there are those who are disposed to place 
it among the old Holland families and bring 
forth Dutch intermarriages in support of their 
reasoning. In these annals no attempt is made 
to investigate the subject of the origin of the 
family of the Sears immigrant, for it is not 
known where or when he was born, and noth- 
ing of his parentage, although there are vari- 
ous traditions and vague conclusions regard- 
ing his forebears. The family in America is 
full strong enough in every material respect to 
stand forever without the warrant of distin- 
guished pre-American lineage. But in regard 
to the apparent lack of earlier data the Sears 
family is only one in the long list of our best 
colonial families whose history back of the 
immigrant is unknown, and the absence of 
definite knowledge of his ancestors is not to 
be taken as evidence of doubtful or obscure 
origin ; for the simple truth is that it has been 
found impossible to trace his lineage in the 
mother country. 

( I ) Richard Sares appears in our New Eng- 
land colonial history with the mention of his 
name in the records of the Plymouth colony 
ta.x list in 1633, when he was one of forty-four 
persons there assessed nine shillings in corn at 
six shillings per bushel. From Plymouth he 
soon crossed over to Marblehead, Massachu- 
setts, and was taxed there, as shown by the 
Salem lists, in 1637-38. He also had a grant 
of four acres of land "where he had formerly 
planted," from which it appears that he may 
have be-'^n in that plantation at some previous 
time. In 1639 he joined the colonists under 

Anthony Thacher and went to Cape Cod and 
founded the town of Yarmouth. His first 
house was built on Ouivet Neck, and after- 
ward built another house a short distance to 
the northwest of his first home there. In 1643 ' 
the name of Richard Seeres appears in the 
list of inhabitants of Yarmouth "liable to bear 
arms." He was made freeman in 1652, took 
the oath of allegiance and fidelity in 1653, was 
constable in 1660, grand juror in 1652, and 
representative to the court in Plymouth in 
1662. In 1664 Richard Sares, husbandman, 
purchased for twenty pounds from Allis, 
widow of Governor William Bradford, a tract 
of land at Sesuit. He died in August, 1676, 
and was buried on the 26th of that month.. His 

wife was Dorothy , who was buried 

Alarch 19, 1678-79; but it is not certain that 
she was his only wife, or the mother of all or 
even any of his children. Indeed, there is a 
presumption that he was previously married 
and that his children may have been born of 
his former wife. So far as known his chil- 
dren were as follows: i. Paul, born 1637-38. 

2. Silas, died Yarmouth, January 13, 1697-98. 

3. Deborah, born Yarmouth, September, 1639. 
(II) Captain Paul Sears, son of Richard, 

the immigrant, is supposed to have been born 
in Marblehead, Massachusetts, sometime after 
February 20, 1637-38, and died at Yarmouth, 
February 20, 1707-08. He took the oath of 
fidelity in 1657, held a commission as captain 
of the militia, and made a claim for a horse 
lost in the war with the Narragansett Indians ; 
but there is no further record of his military 
services. He was one of the original pro- 
prietors of Harwich, Massachusetts, grand 
juror there in 1667, and appears to have been 
of considerable importance in the plantation. 
His estate was appraised at the value of four 
hundred and sixty-six pounds, hence he was 
well possessed in lands and goods. He mar- 
ried, at Yarmouth, in 1658, Deborah Willard, 
baptized Scituate, September 14, 1645, died 
Yarmouth, May 13, 1721, daughter of George 
Willard, of Scituate. They had ten children 
all born in Yarmouth: i. Mercy, July 3, 1659, 
2. Bethia, January 3, 1661, died 1724. 3 
Samuel, January, 1663-64. 4. A daughter, 
October 24 1666. 5. Paul, June 15, 1669. 6, 
Mary, or ]\Iargery, October 24, 1672. 7. Ann, 
March 27, 1675, died November 14, 1745. 8, 
John, 1677-78, died April 9, 1738. 9. Richard 
1680-81, died May 24, 17 18. 10. Daniel, 1682- 
83, died August 10, 1756. 

(HI) Captain Samuel, eldest son of Cap- 
tain Paul and Deborah (Willard) Sears, was 



born in Yarmouth "the last of January," 1663- 
64, and died in Harwich, Massachusetts, Jan- 
uary 8, 1741-42. He was one of the first set- 
tlers in Harwich, and was constable there in 
1702, lieutenant in 1706, and in 1715, "Captain 
Sears granted liberty to build a pew in the 
meeting-house." He married Mercy Alayo, 
born 1664, died January 20, 1748-49, daughter 
of Deacon Samuel and Tamzin (Lumpkin) 
Mayo, and granddaughter of Rev. John ]\Iayo. 
They had eleven children, all born in Harwich : 
I. Hannah, July i, 1685, married John Yin- 
cent. 2. Samuel, September 15, 1687. 3. 
Nathaniel, September 23, 1689. 4. Tamsen, 
November 13, 1691, died July 17, 176 1. 5. 
Jonathan, September 3, 1693. 6. Captain 
Joseph, July 15, 1695, died August 25, 1765. 
7. Joshua, May 3, 1697. 8. Judah, October 29, 
1699. 9. John, July 18, 1701. 10. Seth, May 
27, 1703. II. Benjamin, June 16, 1706. 

(l\') Jonathan, son of Captain Samuel and 
Mercy (Mayo) Sears, was born in Harwich, 
September 3, 1693, died September 3, 1738. 
He was a farmer and well-to-do man in every 
respect, leaving an estate which after his death 
inventoried at three hundred and seventy-four 
pounds in personal and five hundred and sev- 
enty-five pounds in real property. He married, 
in Yarmouth, June 29, 1721, Elizabeth Howes, 
born November 7, 1697, admitted to the church 
in Harwich in 1723, and died January 8, 1748- 
49. daughter of Deacon Joseph Howes, of 
Harwich. They had nine children, all born 
in Harwich: i. David, September 22, 1722, 
died in infancy. 2. David, March 26, 1724, 
died in infancy. 3. Jonathan, September 29, 
1725. 4. Joseph, ^lay, 1728. died March 14, 
1758. 5. Mary, baptized July 12, 1730, died 
young. 6. Sarah, born July 28, 1731, died 
December 16, 1749. 7. Prince, baptized July 
30, 1732, died October 31, 1732. 8. Nathan, 
born September 25, 1733, died young. 9. 
Prince, baptized April 13, 1735. 

(\') Jonathan (2), son of Jonathan (i) 
and Elizabeth (Howes) Sears, was born in 
Harwich, September 29, 1725, died December 
16, 1752. He was a mariner and made his will 
March 28, 1752, "being then very sick." The 
inventory of his estate was filed February 6, 
1753, and amounted to one hundred and 
twenty-eight pounds, twelve shillings. He 
married, June 29, 1749, Priscilla Sears, born 
Harwich, December 31, 1730, died April 12, 
1819, daughter of Seth and Priscilla (Ryder) 
Sears. She married (second) April 11, 1754. 
Deacon John Sears. Jonathan and Priscilla 
(Sears) Sears had two children, both born in 

Harwich: I. Jonathan, May 7, 1750. 2. Eliz- 
abeth, January 4, 1752, married, 1773, Samuel 
Hall, born March 7, 1752. 

(VT) Sergeant Jonathan (3), only son of 
Jonathan (2) and Priscilla (Sears) Sears, was 
born in Harwich, May 7, 1750, died in Ash- 
field, Massachusetts. February 18. 1808. Dur- 
ing the early part of his life he went on wdial- 
ing voyages and incidents of his hair-breadth 
escapes are still narrated among his descend- 
ants. In 1785 he was wrecked ofi Harwich 
and barely escaped with his life. He removed 
to Ashfield about 1800, in which year he was 
dismissed from the church in Flarwich to that 
in Ashfield. During the revolution he served 
in Captain Thomas Hamilton's company and 
was stationed in Barnstable county for six 
months from July 10, 1775; was sergeant in 
Captain Abijah Bangs' company of Colonel 
Dike's regiment for three months to December 
I, 1776; marched on the alarm of Falmouth 
one hundred and seventy-four miles; on the 
alarm of Falmouth and Bedford, in Captain 
Benjamin Berry's company, September 7, 1778, 
marching one hundred and twelve miles and 
doing seven days' duty. His widow drew a 
pension in 1840. He married, September 3, 
1773, Abigail Hall, born November 2, 1754, 
died November 18, 1842. daughter of Joseph 
and Abigail (Clarke) Hall. They had eight 
children, all born in Harwich; i. Barnabas 
Clark. August 3, 1774, died April 18, 1799. 2. 
Jonathan, March 19, 1777. 3. Freeman, No- 
vember 28, 1779. 4. Hepzibah Swan, Octo- 
ber 16, 1783, died February 13, 1814. 5. 
Azarelah, July 10, 1789. 6. Nabby, January 
I, 1793. died February 24, 1881 : married Dr. 
Joseph Warren. 7. Clarinda, July 3, 1795, 
died May 3, 1824; married, November 24, 
1 814, Dn Enos Smith. 8. Priscilla, May 16, 
1798, died September 7, 1798. 

(MI) Jonathan (4), son of Sergeant Jon- 
athan (3) and Abigail (Hall) Sears, was born 
in Flarwich, March 19, 1777, died in Ashfield, 
August 2, 1859. He went to Ashfield with 
his father's family and settled on Cape street, 
where he was a prosperous farmer and one of 
the leading men of the town. During the early 
years of his life he went with his brother 
Barnabas on fishing voyages to the banks of 
Newfoundland and the Magellan islands. Mr. 
Sears was a consistent member of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church, a man of character 
and one who held the respect of all his fellow 
townsmen. He was selectman of Ashfield 
from 1820 to 1822, from 1824 to 1826 and 
from 1829 to 1 83 1 ; representative to the gen- 



eral court in 1833 and again in 1836. He 
married. February 3, 1803, Hannah Foster, 
born Tisbury. Massachusetts, August 9, 1782, 
died Ashfiel'd, July 30, 1855. They had nine 
children, all born in Ashfield: i. Clark, Janu- 
ary 31, 1804, died West Hawley, Massachu- 
setts, November 29, 1879; married, Novem- 
ber 27, 1828, Emeline Kelly, born January 10, 
1809: had eight children. 2. Olive, May 27, 
1806, married Heman Cargill. 3. William, 
March 28, 1808, died November 15, 1875: 
married Olive Eldridge and had three chil- 
dren. 4. Freeman, August 30, 1810, married 
(first) November 27, 1844, Eunice Parsons, 
born March 18, 181 3, died August 15, 1850; 
married (second) May28, 1851, Mrs. Angeline 
Corey ; lived in Goshen, Massachusetts, and 
had ten children. 5. Philena, September 3, 
1812, died July 23, 1836 ; married Charles Car- 
gill. 6. Stillman, September 23, 1815. 7. Jon- 
athan, October 27. 1818, married (first) March 
20, 1845, Rhoda Parsons, died July 17, 1850; 
married (second) May 28, 1851, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Rebecca (Eldridge) 
Sears : had four children. 8. Milton Foster, 
February 29, 1821, died 1853; married Mercy 
D. A\'illiams, born November 28, 1824, daugh- 
ter of Apollas and Annis (Smith) Williams; 
had two children. 9. Hannah, November 8, 
1823, died 1856; married, February 10, 1846, 
Henry Eldridge. 

(\Tn) Stillman, son of Jonathan (4) and 
Hannah (Foster) Sears, was born in Ashfield, 
Massachusetts, September 23, 181 5, died at 
Shelburne. Massachusetts, October 10, 1854. 
He early learned the importance of self-reli- 
ance and when only a boy earned the means 
with which to secure his own education, work- 
ing out on a farm during the summer months 
and attending school during the winter terms. 
After leaving school he first took to farming, 
but as his inclinations lay in other channels he 
began contracting for excavation work in 
company with his brother-in-law, Henry Eld- 
ridge. at Shelburne Falls. Later on they were 
subcontractors on the excavation work of the 
famous Hoosic tunnel, near North Adams. 
Massachusetts, and while his business gave 
every promise of excellent success he was 
taken ofif in the prime of manhood, when 
thirty-nine years old. On September 27. 1842, 
Mr. Sears married Abigail Eldridge, who died 
November 20, 1854, having borne him two 
children. Isabella and Henry G. Sears. Isa- 
bella married Henri N. Woods and has four 

(IX) Henry G., only son of Stillman and 

Abigail (Eldridge) Sears, was born in Shel- 
burne Falls, Massachusetts, April 4, 1853, and 
was less than two years old when his father 
died and his mother died soon after. After 
their death the two children were taken to the 
home of her father, Eli Eldridge, where Henry 
G. spent his young life. At the age of twelve 
he was hired out for two years to a farmer in 
Conway, to work for his board, clothes, school- 
ing, and just a mere pittance of money ; and 
when his term was up he hired out to work for 
another farmer for seven months and to re- 
ceive for his service the sum of fourteen 
dollars per mouth and the privilege of attend- 
ing winter terms of school. He afterward 
devoted another year to work under a similar 
arrangement, but this time he received twenty 
dollars per month for his work. He prudently 
saved the greater part of his wages thus earned 
and used it in educating himself at the Powers 
Institute and the Northampton Academy, 
which proved as good an investment as he 
ever made, for it gave him a good education 
and in respect to intelligence it placed him on 
a footing equal to that of other boys of his 
age and time. After leaving school he went 
to Holyoke, Massachusetts, and for a few 
weeks was employed by Lemuel Sears, a mer- 
chant of that city, but at the end of that short 
period he went west, to Dwight, Illinois. This 
trip was made at the suggestion of his uncle, 
Henry Eldridge. who believed it would be best 
for the young man to start out in life for him- 
self, and that in Illinois he could "grow up 
with the country," but after a month the young 
man returned to Holyoke and was again taken 
into Mr. Sears' grocery store at a moderate 
salary and his board, and remained there until 
he was about twenty-three years old. when he 
acquired a partnership interest in the business. 
This was the actual beginning of his success- 
ful business career, and while the elder Sears 
had for years been proprietor of a moderately 
profitable retail establishment, the young part- 
ner took such an earnest and meaning interest 
in building up and increasing the trade of the 
store that in the course of time it became an 
extensive wholesale and jobbing house with 
a large retail branch, while he himself soon 
came to be recognized as one of the most cap- 
able and straightforward business men in the 
city : and such is his standing today in the 
business life of Hoh'oke. And in addition to 
his immediate interests in the mercantile busi- 
ness Mr. Sears is in many other ways promi- 
nently identified with the best institutions of 
the city, a trustee and member of the invest- 



ment committee of the Mechanics' Savings 
Bank and treasurer of the Holyoke Ice Com- 
pany. He holds membership in the several 
subordinate Masonic bodies, the lodge, chapter 
and council, is a member of the Bay State, 
Holyoke, Mt. Tom Golf and Holyoke Canoe 
clubs, the Holyoke Young Men's Christian 
Association, the Congregational church, and 
in politics is a Republican. He married, June 
18. 1884, Fannie E., daughter of Charles E. 
and Jane R. (Hemenway) Ford, of Minnea- 
polis, Minnesota, granddaughter of Alvah and 
Betsey (Barnes) Ford, and great-granddaugh- 
ter of Phineas Hemenway, of Herkimer, New 
York, who ran away from his home when six- 
teen years old and entered the revolutionary 
service as a drummer boy. Mr. and Mrs. 
Sears have three children : Marion E., Mar- 
guerite, and Henry F., died in infancy. 

(For earlier generatious see Richard Sares.) 

(Ill) Paul (2), second son of 
SEARS Captain Paul ( i ) and Deborah 

(Willard) Sears, was born in 
Yarmouth, Massachusetts, June 15, 1669, died 
February 14, 1739-40. He lived on Quivet 
Neck and was prominent in the church of the 
east parish of Yarmouth, to which he was 
admitted member June 23, 1728; and his wife 
was admitted there August 6, 1727. In 1724 
he was one of the committee appointed to 
inform Mr. Taylor of his call to the ministry 
there: in 1725 was one of the committee to 
lay out the meeting-house floor for the pews ; 
in 1726 was appointed to "receive Mr. Dennis' 
answer,'' and in March, 1727, was one of the 
committee on Mr, Dennis' ordination. He 
married, in Harwich, 1693, Mercy Freeman, 
born Harwich, October 30, 1674, died August 
30, 1747, daughter of Deacon Thomas and 
Rebecca (Sparrow) Freeman, granddaughter 
of Major John and Mercy ( Prence ) Freeman, 
and great-granddaughter of Edmund Freeman, 
"the proprietor." Her mother, Rebecca (Spar- 
row) Freeman, was a daughter of Jonathan 
and Rebecca (Bangs) Sparrow, and her great- 
grandmother, Mercy (Prence) Freeman, was 
a daughter of Governor Thomas and Patience 
(Brewster) Prence, and great-granddaughter 
of Elder William Brewster. Paul and Mercy 
(Freeman) Sears had twelve children, all born 
in Yarmouth: i. Ebenezer, August 15, 1694. 

2, Paul, December 21, 1695. 3. Elizabeth, Au- 
gust 27, 1697, died February 28, 1728-29. 4. 
Thomas, June 6, 1699. 5. Rebecca, April 2, 
1701, died" 1791. 6. Mercy, February 7, 1702- 

03, married Joseph Blackmore. 7. Deborah, 

March II, 1705-06, married Thomas Howes. 
8. Ann, December 27, 1706, married Ebenezer 
Bangs. 9. Joshua, November 20, 1708. 10. 
Daniel, July 16, 1710. 11. Edmund, August 
6, 1712. 12. Hannah, March 6, 1714, married 
Thomas Howes. 

(IV) Daniel, son of Paul (2) and Mercy 
(Freeman) Sears, was born in Yarmouth, 
Massachusetts, July 16, 1710, died November 
28, 1 77 1. Fie lived in the east parish of Yar- 
mouth, now East Dennis, and appears to have 
been quite prominently identified with the his- 
tory of the town and church, having fulfilled 
several important offices. In 1742 he and his 
wife were admitted to membership in the 
church in East Dennis, and in 1749 he was 
selected as one of a committee "to keep the 
boys in order on the Sabbath day." In 1760 
he was one of the committee to locate a school 
in the town, in 1762 was appointed "to procure 
wood for Mr. Dennis," and in 1765 was 
appointed "to see Mr. Dennis.'' He appears 
to have possessed considerable means for after 
his death his real estate was appraised at five 
hundred and seventy-eight pounds, and his per- 
sonal property at one hundred and seventy- 
nine pounds, thirteen shillings. He married, 
in Eastham, Massachusetts, January 13, 1736- 
Tiy. Mercy Snow, born September 16, 1713, 
died May 8, 1790, daughter of Micajah Snow, 
of Eastham. They had seven children, all born 
in Yarmouth : i. Micajah, April 25, 1738. 2. 
Jerusha, January 28, 1740, married Robert 
Homer. 3. Hannah, .A^ugust 17, 1742. 4. 
Daniel, rjune 17, 1744. 5. Phebe, March 31, 
1747, married John Sears. 6. Paul. June 2, 
1750. 7. Enos, June 11, 1752. 

(V) Enos, youngest son and child of Daniel 
and Mercy (Snow) Sears, was born in Yar- 
mouth, June II, 1752, died July 11, 1822, hav- 
ing sut?ered with a mental derangement for 
many years previous to his death. He was a 
farmer and lived in Ashfield, Massachusetts, 
where part of his children were born. He 
married, in Yarmouth, February 11, 1777, Re- 
becca, daughter of Sylvanus Kelly, and by her 
had six children: I. Daniel, born October 6, 
1779. 2. William, about 1785. 3. Hamiah, 
married Barnabas Eldridge. 4. Tamsen, mar- 
ried Joseph Hall. 5. Dinah, married 

Baldwin. 6. Mercy, died December 16, 1821. 

(\T) William, .son of Enos and Rebecca 
(Kelly) Sears, was born in Ashfield, Massa- 
chusetts, about 1785, and died there in August, 
1829. He was a thrifty farmer and spent his 
whole life in the town. He married Tamsen 
Eldridge, born Ashfield, 1786, died 1880, 


daughter of Levi Eldridge, who was one of 
the most energetic men of Ashfield, could turn 
his hand to ahnost any kind of employment, 
and whatever he did was well done. William 
and Tamsen (Eldridge) Sears had five chil- 
dren, all born in Ashfield: i. Lomina, about 
1810, married, about 1830. Ephraim \\'illiams, 
and lived in Ashfield. 2. Xathan, about 1813. 

3. William. June 20, 1818, married in Albany, 
New York, October 16, 1845, Judith Adams 
and had three children; he died May 15, 1903. 

4. Samuel, July 28, 1820, married, in Winfield, 
New York, August 13, 1850, Amanda Dodge, 
and removed to Grand Rapids, Michigan : he 
died June 26, 1908. 5. Stephen, September 
17, 1822, married, November 14, 1850, Min- 
erva Lilley, and had two children ; he died in 

( \ II ) Nathan, son of William and Tamsen 
(Eldridge) Sears, was born in Ashfield, ■Mass- 
achusetts, about 1813, died in Ashfield. to 
which town he removed about twenty years 
before his death. After the death of his father 
the hard work of the farm fell upon him, but 
he managed the old place to good advantage, 
keeping at times as many as four hundred and 
fifty sheep. He also dealt in wood and proved 
a capable and fairly successful business man. 
He was a member of the Congregational church 
and in political preference was an- old line\\'hig. 
He married Abigail Bates, and by her had 
two children: i. Lemuel, born February 17, 
1835. 2. Eliza, March 2, 1839, married Duane 
Lilly: she died March 23, 1901. 

(VHI) Lemuel, only son of Xathan and 
Abigail (Bates) Sears, was born in Ashfield, 
Massachusetts, February 17, 1835, and for 
almost half a century has been engaged in 
mercantile pursuits in Holyoke, Massachusetts. 
He lived at home on the farm in Ashfield until 
he was about twenty years old, and while he 
was brought up a farmer he appears to have 
been a natural mechanic, having inherited his 
grandfather's peculiar talent in that directiqn. 
Several years before he was of full age he 
rebuilt an old mill and built a new sugar house, 
laying out the frames and doing the work him- 
self : and when the new meeting house in Ash- 
field was finished and there yet remained the 
horse sheds to be put up, he laid out the 
frames for men far older than himself, and 
much to the surprise of Captain Chapin who, 
observing the young man's work, exclaimed 
''Lemuel can do it as well as I." When he 
was twenty years old Mr. Sears began dealing 
in wool, buying and selling quite extensively, 
and travelling over all the surrounding country 

in prosecuting his business. When he was 
thirty-one he went to Holyoke and bought a 
small grocery and provision store, and while 
he was without previous experience in that 
line of trade the venture proved a success from 
the beginning, and the large wholesale and 
retail establishment of which he is the head is 
the outgrowth of the start he made just at the 
close of the civil war. During the forty-three 
years of his residence in Holyoke Mr. Sears 
has been identified with the business life of the 
city in many ways, although he never sought 
political office, and frequently declined it. For 
more than twenty years he has been a member 
of the board of directors of the City Bank of 
Holyoke, for the last ten years president of 
the Mechanics' Savings Bank, and for twenty- 
five years a member of the city sinking fund 
commission. On November 27, i860, Mr. 
Sears married Martha M., daughter of Dea- 
con Ephraim Ford, of Cummington, and by 
whom he had two children : i. Jennie E., mar- 
ried Franklin M. Street and have one daughter, 
Florence Street, born March 4, 1897. 2. 
Arthur L. died November 9, 1880. 

The Shumways are a French 
SHUMWAY family and doubtless of the 
Protestant sect of Hugue- 
nots. Some writers have said that originally 
the name was Chamois or Charmois. In the 
ancient records of Essex county, Massachu- 
setts, the name is frequently found written 
Shamway. Dr. Baird is authority for the 
statement that a ''Protestant family named 
Chamois is mentioned in a list of fugitives 
from the neighborhood of St. Maixent in the 
old province of Poitou, France, at the time of 
the revocation of the edict of Nantes." 

(I) Peter Shumway, the immigrant, was 
settled in Topsfield, Massachusetts, as early 
as the year 1660, and it is believed that he was 
in this country at least ten years previous to 
that time, or about the middle of the seven- 
teenth century. He was a soldier of King 
Philip's war and is said to have been present 
at the taking of the fort in the memorable 
swamp fight of December 19, 1675, in the 
country of the Narragansetts. On account of 
his services in that war his son afterward peti- 
tioned for a grant of land. Peter Shumway 
came into this country at the same time that 
Peter Faneuil and other French Huguenots 
came, and he lived for a time at Salem Village 
(now Danvers), Massachusetts, previous to 
his removal to Oxford, Massachusetts, where 
a few years afterward his son was a settler. 


The baptismal name of his wife was Frances, 
and by her he had three children: i. Peter, 
born at Topsfield (see post). 2. Dorcas, born 
Topsfield, October 16, 1683, married Valentine 
Butler. 3. Joseph, born Topsfield, October 13, 

(II) Peter (2), son of Peter (i) and Fran- 
ces Shumway, was born in Topsfield, June 6, 
1678, settled in Oxford, not however with the 
original settlers and proprietors of that town, 
but on the land right of Joshua Chandler, 
which- he bought January 13, 1713. His home 
lot in Oxford included that now or quite re- 
cently owned by Josiah Russell. His family 
has since been one of the best known and most 
highly respected in that region. He married 
(first) February 11, 1701, Maria Smith, who 
died January 17, 1739. It is said that her 
father built the third house having a cellar in 
the city of Boston. Peter Shumway married 
(second) February 28, 1740, Mary Dana. He 
had nine children, all born of his first mar- 
riage: I. Oliver, Oxford, June 8, 1702. 2. 
Jeremiah, baptized at Topsfield, March 21, 
1703. 3. David, baptized December 23, 1705 
(see post). 4. Mary, baptized Topsfield, May 
9, 1708. 5. Samuel, born Oxford, March 6, 
171 1. 6. John, born Oxford, June 26, 1713. 
7. Jacob, born Oxford, March 10, 1717. 8. 
Hepzibah, born April i, 1720, married, No- 
vember 12, 1 741, Obadiah \\^alker. 9. Amos, 
born January 31, 1722. 

(HI) David, son of Peter (2) and Maria 
(Smith) Shumway, was baptized in Topsfield, 
December 23, 1705, and lived for some time in 
Oxford, Massachusetts. In December. 1733. 
he bought one fiftieth part of the lands of 
Sturbridge and was one of the pioneers of that 
town as well as being one of the foremost men 
of that region. He married (first) Esther 

, and (second) Alice . She died 

January 12, 1810, having survived her hus- 
band several years, he having died ]\Iay 10, 
1796. He had a large family of thirteen chil- 
dren, five by his first and eight by his second 
wife: I. Esther, born April 3, 1736. 2. Asa, 
October 16, 1739. 3. Mary, June 25, 1741. 4- 
David, May 12, 1743. 5. Solomon, April i, 
1745 (see post). 6. Cyril, May 4, 1752. 7. 
Elijah, born July 24,, 1753. 8. Alice, Decem- 
ber 14, 1754. 9. Abigail, July 8, 1756. 10. 
Lavinia, August 26, 1759. H- Chloe, Novem- 
ber 4, 1761. 12. Jemima, August 9, 1763. 13. 
Dan forth, July 18, 1768. 

CIV) Solomon, son of David and Esther 
Shumway, was born April i, 1745- He re- 
moved early to Belchertown, ^Massachusetts, 

and was progenitor of the numerous family of 
his surname in that town and its vicinity. He 
had a son, grandson and great-grandson named 
Solomon, the latter of whom was a teacher at 
Belchertown in 1885 and who was father of 
Edgar L. Shumway, one of the faculty of 
Rutgers College, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 
in 1892. The records furnish only a meagre 
account of Solomon Shumway and make no 
mention of the names of any other of his chil- 
dren than Solomon, although it is more than 
probable that he had others ; and it may be 
assumed that among them there was a son 

(V) Elihu, presumably a son of Solomon 
Shumway, was for many years a resident of 
Belchertown and may have been born there. 
He married Charlotte Crittenden, and by her 
had seven children: i. Leonard C, born No- 
vember 21, 1815. 2. Samuel H., July 16, 1817. 
3. Elizabeth R., October 23, 1821. 4. Lucretia, 
September 23, 1824. 5. Cynthia, April 9, 1827. 
6. Willard, October 16, 1829. 7. Austin L., 
September 13, 1832 (see post). 

(VI) Austin L., youngest son and child of 
Elihu and Charlotte (Crittenden) Shumway, 
was born in Belchertown, September 13, 1832, 
and while as a boy he was sent to the town 
school it became necessary that he start out 
early to make his own way in life. For several 
years he worked as clerk in a store in Enfield, 
]\Iassachusetts. and after he had gained a fair 
understanding of business methods and accum- 
ulated sufficient money to make a safe start 
he opened a dry goods store in Holyoke, Mass- 
achusetts, and in the course of a few years 
became one of the leading merchants and busi- 
ness men of that city. He continued in active 
pursuits for full thirty-five years, and his 
career was one of most gratifying success 
from every point of view. He was a Templar 
Mason, a Republican in politics and a Congre- 
gationalist in religion. He died March 23, 
1 90 1. Air. Shumway married, October 25, 
1859, Louise F. Richards, born April 21. 1838, 
daughter of James and Priscilla C. (New- 
comb) Richards (see Richards). Mr. and Mrs. 
Shumway had nine children: I. Edward A., 
born July 22, 1861. 2. Arthur R., January 16, 
1864. died 1872. 3. Mary L., August 28, 1865, 
married George S. Parsons; one daughter, 
Mary Louise, born July 25, 1900. 4. Char- 
lotte, March 24, 1867, d'ied in 1868. 5. Sarah, 
January 15, 1869, married A. K. Sibley, of 
Warren, Massachusetts, and has one child, 
Priscilla. born December 13, 1905. 6. William 
R., April 20, 1873. married Mary Eraser. 7. 


Charles. July 26, 1875, died 1875. 8. Robert, 
August 16, 1876, married Adelina Ritter, and 
has two children, Helen E., bom April 11, 
1903, and Frank Ritter, born March 27, 1906. 
9. Priscilla, June 24, 1881, graduated from Mt. 
Holyoke College, class of 1905. 

(The Richards Line). 

This is one of the numerous prominent 
names of Welsh origin which are found largely 
represented throughout the states of America, 
and one which has been identified with pro- 
gress along the lines of human endeavor from 
a very early period in the settlement of the 
Xew England colonies. It is one of the names 
which originated in the Welsh system of mak- 
ing possessive form of the father's name a 
surname, and is equivalent to Richard's son. 
The name as a christian name is very ancient 
and is found in the early annals of the present 
English nation, and so developed into a sur- 
name along with others in very common usage. 
Books of heraldry give not less than seventeen 
distinct coats-of-arms connected with the name 
Richards, enough of which point back to Wales 
to justify the general belief that here was the 
original hive from which issued the founders 
of illustrious families of that name in different 
countries of England. At Caernwick, Mar- 
ioneth county, Wales, is a manor inherited by 
Sir Richard Richards, president of the house 
of lords and lord chief baron of the exchequer, 
and in the annals his ancestors, about 1550, 
are spoken of as the ancient possessors. They 
claim the privilege of bearing the identical 
arms of Richard of East Bagborough, in the 
county of Somerset. This was depicted on 
the tablet of Hon. James Richards, of Hart- 
ford, who died in 16S0, and may be seen in 
an ancient manuscript in the New England 
Historic-Genealogical Societies' Library halved 
with the arms of Governor Winthrop, whose 
daughter married a Richards in 1692. There 
are at present many clergymen of the name in 
England and Wales, and it has long been illus- 
trious in Europe. 

(I) W'illiam Richards, immigrant, is first 
mentioned March 25, 1633. when by the court 
of Plymouth, comprising Governor Bradford, 
Captain Myles Standish. John Alden and eight 
others, he was rated nine shillings in corn at 
six shillings per bushel, for pubfic use, to be 
brought in by the last day of November, or 
the amount to be doubled if not then paid. In 
Janua^^^ 1636-37, he removed to Scituate and 
forfeited his lot at Plymouth, whereupon the 
court ordered that "six acres where William 

Richards dwelt be granted to Nathaniel Low- 
ther, to belong to his house at Plymouth." 
This indicates that he perhaps had removed 
to Scituate as early as 1635 or 1636. In 1635 
a fresh recruit of planters with Rev. Mr. New- 
man arrived at Weymouth. These, like the 
company previously settled there, were also 
no doubt from Weymouth, eight miles from 
Dorchester in Dorsetshire. In this company 
William Richards, of Scituate, and Thomas 
Richards, of Dorchester, are supposed to have 
had friends who attracted them, for both 
joined them, Thomas within a few months and 
William within a few years, and there both 
spent the remainder of their days. 

W'illiam Richards appears to have inherited 
the traditional traits of his ancestors, was 
tenacious of his rights, enterprising, given to 
change and trade. In 1640 he had a dispute 
with John Turner, of Scituate, and it became 
necessary for the general court to appoint a 
commission to settle it. Yet there is nothing 
which appears to invalidate evidence of piety 
and the most strict uprightness, and he is pre- 
sumed to have been a member of the church 
and a freeman, although no record of such 
has been found. In 1645 he removed to Wey- 
mouth, where a vote of the townsmen exempted 
him from a certain town order. In 1650 he 
sold a farm in Scituate to Gowen White for 
seventy-five pounds. In 1659 he was con- 
stable of Weymouth, and as one of the pro- 
prietors of that town received nineteen and 
one-half acres of land, "bounded east by the 
sea, and two acres of salt marsh in the neck ; 
and soon after four acres of upland on the 

neck." He married Grace , and in his 

will, dated January 18, 1680, proved July 25, 
1682, he gave her during her life, or widow- 
hood, the income and improvement of "all his 
houseing and out houseing. Orchard, lands, 
chattels and moveables in Weymouth or else- 
where, with power in case of need to sell any 
part thereof for her comfortable subsistence." 
\\'illiam and Grace Richards had five children : 
I. John, born probably at Plymouth or Scit- 
uate, died 1695. 2. Joseph (see post). 3. 
James, born probably at Weymouth, died 
March 8, 171 1. 4. William, born 2 4mo. 1658, 
at Weymouth, died 1683. 5. Benjamin, born 
May 19, 1660, died 1683. 

(II) Joseph, son of William and Grace 
Richards, was born probably in Plymouth or 
Scituate, and died in 1695. In 1674 he be- 
came one of the proprietors of Worcester, but 
settled in Weymouth ; took the freeman's oath 
in 1681. was fence viewer in 1692-93, and made 



his will February 24, 1695-96. His estate was 
inventoried March 9, 1695-96. at one hundred 
and fifty-six pounds, thirty shillings. He mar- 
ried (first) Susan , and (second) Sarah 

, who was executrix of his will and in 

1712-13, on eight shares, drew one hundred 
and thirty-five acres of the common lands in 
Weymouth. His children: i. Joseph, born 
May 7, 1675, lived in Bridgewater, Massachu- 
setts. 2. Susanna, married, in 1720, John Bur- 
rell. 3. Sarah, married, in 1730, William 
Davenport, of Bridgewater. 4. James, born 
September 28, 1680. 5. Deborah, October 19, 
1684. 6. Benjamin, April 7, 1686 (see post). 

7. William, April 12, 1688, removed to Con- 
necticut. 8. Mary, March 6, 1689-90. 

(HI) Benjamin, son of Joseph and Sarah 
Richards, was born in Weymouth, Massachu- 
setts, April 7, 1686, died April 12, 1741. He 
settled in West Bridgewater, Massachusetts, 
and spent his life there. He married (first) 
in 171 1, Mehitable, daughter of Isaac Alden, 
and a descendant of John Alden, the Pilgrim. 
She died in 1720 and he married (second) 
November 20, 1722, Lydia Faxon, who died 
in 1788, aged ninety-two years. He had eleven 
children: i. Mehitable, born 1712, married 
David Packard Jr. 2. Joseph, 17 14, died April, 
1793; married Mary Hamlin. 3. Daniel, 1716, 
died 1789; married Mary Packard. 4. James, 
1718, died young. 5. Sarah, 1720, married, 
1740, William Packard. 6. John, 1723 (see 
post). 7. Deacon Josiah, 1724, died 1815; 
married Anne Robinson. 8. Seth, 1726, died 
young. 9. Ezra, 1728, died 1786. 10. Lydia, 
1732, died 1823; married, 1757, Deacon 
Nathan Alden. 11. Hannah, 1736, married 
Philip Bryant, a physician. 

(IV) John, son of Benjamin and Lydia 
(Faxon) Richards, was born in West Bridge- 
water, ]\Iassachusetts, in 1723, and spent his 
life in that town and in the town of Bridge- 
water. He was a farmer. He married, in 
1751, Keziah, daughter of Captain Israel 
Bailey, of Scituate, and by her had sixteen 
children: i. John, a revolutionary soldier, 
who died in the service. 2. Sarah, born 1752, 
married (first) 1795, Joseph Thayer Jr., of 
Stonington, Connecticut, (second) Deacon 
Zachariah Thayer, of Randolph. 3. Keziah, 
1755, married, 1778, James Ingalls. 4. Benja- 
min. 1758, died 1812; married, 1783. Polly 
Bartlett. 5. Seth, 1763, died 1837: married, 
1 791, Mehitable Snow. 6. James, 1766 (see 
post). 7. Ezra, 1768, married Martha Nash. 

8. Tamazin, 1770, married, 1795, Joseph .Snow. 

9. Lydia, 1773. 10. Jennet, 1774. n. Daniel. 

12. John. 13. Luther. 14. Rhoda. Besides 
these there were two other children who died 
in infancy. 

(V) James, son of John and Keziah (Bailey) 
Richards, was born in Bridgewater, Massachu- 
setts, in 1766. In 1796 he married Sarah, 
daughter of Deacon Ebenezer Rich, a pros- 
perous mill owner of Enfield, Massachusetts, 
and soon afterward removed to that town and 
was a carpenter and builder there and also in 
Greenwich. He built the Congregational 
church in Greenwich and that ancient edifice 
still stands as a monument of the substantial 
character of the man and the work performed 
by him. By wife Sarah he had eleven chil- 
dren: I. Sidney, born 1797, lived on the home- 
stead in Enfield. 2. Joab R., 1799, was a 
physician and a man of high repute ; married 
(first) Sarah Peak, of Virginia, (second) 
Eliza Kempton, (third) Mrs. Ellen Simons. 
Dr. Richards was a cotton planter near Yazoo, 
Mississippi. 3. James, 1801 (see post). 4. 
William, October 18. 1803, died 1833; A. M., 
Amherst; married Lydia, daughter of John 
Gray, Esq., of Yarmouth, Mississippi. 5. 
Luther, August 4, 1805, married Mary Pinny 
and lived at Tariffville, Connecticut. 6. Ben- 
jamin, July 14, 1807, died February 4, 1857, 
at Council Blufifs, Iowa. 7. Melinda, Decem- 
ber 31, 1808, died 1849; married Ichabod Pope. 
8. Josiah, October 10, 1810, married Sarah 
Jane Moore. 9. Seth, June 9, 1812, married 
(first) Mary Turner Jones ; (second) Cornelia 
Smith. 10. George Anson, July 14, 1814. 11. 
Sarah Ann, July 19, 1816, married Charles 

(\'I) James (2), son of James (i) and 
Sarah (Rich) Richards, was born March 20, 
1801, in Enfield, Massachusetts, died February 
16, 1886. His young life was spent at home 
on his father's farm in Enfield and he attended 
the district school of that town. On attaining 
his majority he purchased a farm and started 
out to make his own way in business life, and 
in this respect he was successful, for he was a 
thrifty and industrious man and exercised con- 
siderable influence among his fellow towns- 
men. In politics he was a Whig and in relig- 
ious preference LIniversalist. On August 27, 
1822, Mr. Richards married Priscilla C, daugh- 
ter of Elisha and Rachel (Collins) Newcomb. 
Nine children were born of this marriage: I. 
Maria F., born March i. 1823. 2. Charles, No- 
vember 18, 1824. 3. William, October 27, 
1826. 4. George, January 27, 1829. 5. Jane, 
May 25, 1831. 6. John, October i, 1833. 7. 
Marv. ^Iarch 7, 1836. 8. Louise F., April 21, 



1838, married. October 25, 1859, Austin L. 
Shumway (see Shumway). 9. JMarshall N., 
November 26, 1840. 

Edmund Gustin, the progenitor 
GUSTIN of this family, lived at St. 

Ouens, Isle of Jersey. He mar- 
ried there, April 25, 1638, Esther le Rossignol. 
The homestead at St. Ouens was sold by their 
son in 1677 to John Brock, of Reading, Alass- 
achusetts. The family name is something of a 
puzzle, however. The son, who will be known 
in this sketch as John Gustin, was originally 
designated Augustine Jean in the records. 
Savage implies that the name should have been 
Jean or John Augustine, and it certainly took 
"that form after its owner came to America. 
l}i a few years it was shortened to Gustine, 
and eventually most of the family dipt off the 
terminal also, making it Gustin. Esther, the 
mother of Jean, had a brother, j\l. Augustine 
Rossignol, of St. Ouens, and it is presumed 
that both Jean and Augustine were given 

(H) John, son of Edmund and Esther (le 
Rossignol) Gustin, was born in St. Ouens, Isle 
of Jersey, January 9, 1647. He came to New 
England in 1675 with Pierre Baudoin, Bot- 
nineau, Bayer and le Breton, all of these 
names showing the French origin. He was a 
sergeant in Captain Turner's company during 
King Philip's war, 1676. He made his home 
in Reading, Massachusetts, and was living 
there in 1677 when he sold his English patri- 
mony. In 1680 he received a grant of land at 
Falmouth from President Danforth, the fourth 
lot on wdiat was Broad street, now India street, 
Portland, IMaine, with the privilege of con- 
ducting a brick yard. He purchased a small 
lot in Falmouth from Widow Housing, on the 
west side of the Presumpscot river, and with 
other settlers was driven from his home by 
the Indians, but returned in 1719. He was a 
mariner a part of the time and was at one time 
captain of a vessel. He bought land above the 
falls on the Presumpscot in 1686 of Thomas 
Cloice and made his home there until May 26, 
1690, when the Indians destroyed Falmouth, 
and all that Mr. Gustin saved of his household 
effects was one chair. He married, at Water- 
town, Massachusetts, January 10, 1678, Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of John and Esther (Make- 
peace) Brown, and was mentioned in the will 
of his father-in-law. Some of his children did 
not return to Maine, but went to Pennsylvania, 
Connecticut and elsewhere. His descendants 
have been traced in Virginia and Pennsylvania 

among the well known families of Hamiltons, 
Snowdons and Thompsons of Philadelphia; 
Clews, Hunters and Greens of Virginia. He 
left a widow and seven children : Samuel, 
John Jr., Thomas, mentioned below, Ebenezer, 
David, Sarah and Abigail. 

(Ill) Thomas, son of John and Elizabeth 
(Brown) Gustin, was born about 1690. He set- 
tled at Colchester, Connecticut, where June 7, 
1722. he married Sarah, daughter of John and 
Elizabeth (Gates) Holmes, of Colchester. The 
birth of the eldest son is recorded there. Their 
children were : Thomas Jr., see forward ; 
Samuel settled at Marlow, New Hampshire, 
about 1765; John, resided in Lyme, Connecti- 
cut, and had a son, John Jr., born there Sep- 
tember 27, 1768; Josiah, born 1749, also settled 
at Marlow. 

( I\') Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) and 
Sarah (Holmes) Gustin, was born in Col- 
chester,. Connecticut, July 19, 1725. About 
1765 he and his brother Samuel settled among 
the first seven in the grant of land at Marlow, 
New Hampshire, made October 7, 1761, to 
men of Lyme and Colchester. Samuel re- 
mained there and was chairman of the com- 
mittee for the towns of Marlow, Alstead and 
Surrey, New Hampshire, representing the 
signers of a petition relative to a representative 
to the legislature, December 11, 1776. Thomas 
Gustin was an early settler at Claremont, New 
Hampshire, where he was a farmer and raised 
large numbers of cattle, sheep and swine. He 
was a member of a committee to audit the 
accounts of the selectmen in 1768-70; was 
chosen town treasurer, ]\Iarch 13, 1770; mod- 
erator in 1772; selectman, 1771-72-74-75, and 
on the committee of safety in 1775. He took 
the first steps to form the church in 1771 and 
the first minister. Rev. George Wheaton, was 
settled in February, 1772. He was a soldier 
in the revolution in Captain Wetherbee's com- 
pany of militia from Claremont, Colonel Isaac 
Wyman's regiment, roll dated at Mount Inde- 
pendence, November 5, 1776. He was also in 
Colonel Benjamin Bellow's regiment. New 
Hampshire, state militia, that went to reinforce 
the northern continental army at Ticonderoga, 
under General Gates, May 7, 1777, and was 
discharged, June 14, 1777, the pay being five 
pounds and fourteen shillings per mouth in- 
cluding one hundred and three miles to travel. 
His relatives, Joel, Amos and \^''alter Gustin, 
were in Connecticut regiments during the revo- 
lution, Josiah and others in New Hampshire 
regiments. The wife of Thomas Gustin died 
in Rockingham, Vermont, where his son, 



Elisha, settled. Their children were : Edward, 
see forward; Polly, married Seth Deming, of 
Cornish, New Hampshire ; Elisha, removed to 
Rockingham, Vermont, and was a soldier in 
the revolutionary war; Thomas Jr., also served 
in Captain Wetherbee's company. Colonel Isaac 
Wyman's regiment. 

(V) Edward, son Thomas (2) Gustin, was 
born probably in Colchester, Connecticut, in 
1758, and died at an advanced age in Hinsdale, 
New Hampshire. He made an application for 
a pension, August 10, 1832, when he was sev- 
enty-four years of age, showing a service of 
fourteen months as a private and eight months 
as a sergeant in the New Hampshire troops. 
He served a part of this time under Captain 
Jones, Colonel Troop. He was a petitioner 
from Claremont for a lottery to defray the 
expenses of needed roads connecting with 
Winchester and other towns, after the revolu- 
tion. Later he settled in Hinsdale. His chil- 
dren were: Edward Jr., born November 12, 
1786-87, married, in 181 1, Fanny Field, and 
resided in Winchester ; Thomas, mentioned 
below: John. 

(\^I) Thomas (3), son of Edward Gustin, 
was born about 1790, probably in Claremont, 
New Hampshire. He settled in Cornish, be- 
came a prosperous farmer, and was exten- 
sively engaged in raising sheep and cattle. He 
married Alice, daughter of John Vinton, and 
had children: Miranda, EHzabeth, Alice, 
James Harvey and John. 

(VH) James Harvey, son of Thomas (3) 
and Alice (Vinton) Gustin, was born in Cor- 
nish, New Hampshire, May 19, 1815, and 
died at Winchester, Massachusetts, September 
3, 1897. He was educated in the common 
schools of his native town, working between 
school terms on the farm of his father until 
he was eleven years of age, when his father 
died and he was "put out" to work until he 
was twenty years old. He then came to Brook- 
line, Massachusetts, where he entered the em- 
ploy of his brother John, who was a market 
gardener. Later he worked for a farmer 
named Derby whose produce he used to sell in 
Boston. It is said that he was the first pro- 
duce man to back up his wagon to the old 
Quincy market. After a few years he went 
Into business as the proprietor of a restaurant 
in Boston but the venture proving unsuccess- 
ful he abandoned it and went west. When 
about twenty-eight years old he located in Fall 
River, Massachusetts, and learned the trade 
of mason, and worked on the construction of 
many of the big cotton mills there. In 1853 

he leased the Baldwin place, at Hyde Park, 
Massachusetts, but subsequently became fore- 
man on the Cheever Newhall farm at IMilton, 
where he remained for three years. He then 
leased the Clark farm at Waltham, Alassachu- 
setts, and raised produce for the Boston 
market. He had the Bright farm at Belmont 
four years ; the Darling farm at Woburn five 
years, selling the ten years' lease to go into 
the meat and provision business in Joy street, 
Boston. He worked afterward in Winchester 
at the mason's trade, and at length bought the 
Eaton farm in that town and lived there until 
his death, September 3, 1897. He was a Bap- 
tist in religion, and a Republcan in politics. 
He married, April 3, 1846, Susan Crane, born 
November 3. 1826, died at Winchester, Decem- 
ber 16, 1888, daughter of Ephraim and Olive 
(Eaton) French, of Berkley, Alassachusetts, 
where the former was a prominent citizen and 
a representative to the general court. The 
children of James Harvey and Susan Crane 
(French) Gustin were: i. William Henry, 
born August 15, 1847, died October 30, 1848. 
2. Mary Adley, June 7, 1849, married, June i, 

1879, Alvah B. Heald, of Woburn. They had 
children: Alvah Frances, born October i, 

1880, died February 24, 1886; Florence War- 
ren, born June 17, 1883, died April 24, 1893; 
Bertha May, born August 31, 1884. 3. Her- 
bert Ervin, see forward. 4. Francis Edward, 
see forward. 5. Clarence Harvey, born Au- 
gust 12, 1857, married Annie F. Sinclair, of 
Florida ; has had children : Myrtle, Harvey, 
James, Eleanor, Jessie. Marion, Mary. 6. 
Susan Amelia, born February 3, i860, mar- 
ried, November 27, 1889, George H. New- 
comb, of Woburn. 7. Charles Henry, Bel- 
mont, December 30, 1861, died December 28, 
1862. 8. James Ernest, Woburn, December 
2. 1865, married, November 4, 1893, Lena 
Ellis Thayer, of Taunton, Massachusetts, and 
has had children : iMildred, Ernest, Raymond, 
Marjorie. 9. George Oliver, March 3, 1868, 
married, February 6, 1890, Augusta Branch, 
of Charlestown ; has one child, Chester Orville, 
born I\Iarch 23, 1891. 

(\'III) Herbert Ervin, second son of James 
Harvey and Susan Crane (French) Gustin, 
was born in Fall River, Massachusetts, July 
25, 1852. While still an infant he removed 
with his parents to Milton, from thence to 
\Valtham, and still later to Belmont, where 
he attended the public schools for about five 
lyears, after which the family removed to 
Woburn, where he was a student at the west 
side schools, and attended one course at the 



Warren Academy. He worked on his father's 
farm and as a stone mason with his father 
until about eighteen years old and then at the 
latter trade for two years in Peabody for 
Samuel Trask, a stone mason, contractor and 
brick layer. He then came to Winchester and 
entered the employ of Samuel Twombley as a 
driver of the market team and seller in the 
Boston market. In 1879 he accepted a posi- 
tion in the produce store of A. L. Andrews, 
at No. 104 Clinton street, and conducted the 
place for a period of seven j'ears for Mr. 
Andrews under his name H. E. Gustin. He 
was then admitted to partnership in the busi- 
ness, the firm name remaining unchanged, and 
at the e-xpiration of three years purchased the 
interest of Mv. Andrews, took Stedman W. 
Fottler as partner, and changed the firm name 
to H. E. Gustin & Company. At the end of 
four years he sold out to ]\Ir. Fottler and re- 
moved to Xo. 112 Clinton street, where he 
was in business four years, also buying the 
produce business at No. no Clinton street and 
admitting to partnership his brother, George 
Oliver, under the firm name of H. E. Gustin 
& Company. After two years he sold the busi- 
ness at No. no to his brother George Oliver, 
and has since conducted the one at No. 112 
under his own name. He does a large and profit- 
able wholesale produce and commission trade 
selling largely to the retail provision merchants 
in Boston and within fifty miles of the city. 
;\Ir. Gustin is the proprietorof a sixty-two acre 
farm known as the E. S. Gray Scotland Hill 
farm, and the greater amount of the products 
of this place are sold from the Clinton street 
store. He has about sixteen head of cattle, 
mostly Jersey and Holstein breeds, and dur- 
ing the summer resides on the farm. He has 
owned a city ^residence at No. 27 Columbus 
avenue, Somerville, since November 3, 1891. 
He was educated in the Baptist denomination 
but for many years has been a member of the 
Prospect Hill Congregational Church. His 
political affiliations are with the Republican 
party. He is associated with the following 
fraternal and other organizations : William 
Parkman Lodge. Free and Accepted Alasons, 
of Winchester, since May 8, 1877; Somerville 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, April 16, 1896; 
Orient Council, Royal and Select JNIasters, of 
Somerville, June 10, 1896; De Molay Com- 
mandery, Knights Templar, of Boston, July 
I, 1876; Aleppo Temple, Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine ; Lafayette Lodge of Perfection, No. 
140, Scottish Rite; Charles F. Yates Council, 
Princes of Jerusalem, sixteenth degree ; Mount 

Olivet Chapter of Rose Croix, eighteenth de- 
gree; Massachusetts Consistory, thirty-second 
degree : the Boston Fruit and Produce Ex- 
change. Mr. Gustin married, at Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, October 25, 1881, Julia Liv- 
ingston, born at Bangor, Maine, August 10, 
1857, daughter of John and Nancy Ann 
(Noyes) Carlisle, of Charlestown, the former 
a cabinetmaker. Their children were : Her- 
bert Irving, see forward ; Ernest Sumner, born 
February 2, 1888, died June 15, 1889; Lester 
Carlisle, March 29, 1890, now a student in the 
Somerville English high school ; Ralph Liv- 
ingston, November 27, 1891. 

(IX) Herbert Irving, eldest child of Her- 
bert Ervin and Julia Livingston (Carlisle) 
Gustin, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, 
August 15, 1882. He was an infant when his 
parents removed to Somerville, and received 
his education in the public schools of that 
town, was eight months in the Somerville high 
school, and this was supplemented by a course 
in Burdett's Commerical College, In 1899 he 
entered the employ of his father in the pro- 
duce business, with which he has since been 
associated, having traveled e.xtensively in the 
interests of the business. He is a Republican 
in politics and has served his party at conven- 
tions from his district. He is associated with 
the following organizations : King Solomon 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of Som- 
er\'ille ; Somerville Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons ; Orient Council, Royal and Select blas- 
ters, of Somerville ; De Molay Commandery, 
Knights Templar, of Boston, March 28, 1906 ; 
Lafayette Lodge of Perfection, Scottish Rite ; 
Giles F. Yates Council, Princes of Jerusalem, 
sixteenth degree ; Mount Olivet Chapter, Rose 
Croi.x, eighteenth degree ; Massachusetts Con- 
sistory, -thirty-second degree ; Aleppo Temple, 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, Boston; Boston 
Fruit and Produce Exchange ; Cape Cod Com- 
mercial Travelers, Mr. Gustin married, at Salis- 
bury, IMassachusetts, October 12, 1904, Mildred 
Louise, born in Salisbury, October 26, 1884, 
daughter of John Quincy Adams and Mary 
Evans (Merrill) Pettengill, the first mentioned 
a former school master and an ex-representa- 
tive. They have one child, Bertram Petten- 
gill, born November 15, 1906. 

(VIII) Francis Edward, third son and 
fourth child of James Harvey and Susan 
Crane (French) Gustin, was born in Milton, 
Massachusetts, August 28, 1855. His parents 
removed to ^^'altham when he was an infant 
and he began his education there in the public 
schools. When he was seven years old his 



parents removed to Woburn. and he attended 
the Woburn scliools and the Warren Academy 
and helped his father on the farm until he was 
fourteen years old. He then learned the 
mason's trade and worked at this until he was 
seventeen years of age. His next employment 
was for eighteen months on the farm of \'. P. 
Locke, of Winchester, then twenty months in 
charge of the milk business of Henry Brick, 
at Xewton, and later he was engaged in market 
gardening for eighteen months for Samuel 
Twombley, at \\'inchester. He leased the 
Jacob Pierce place at Winchester for a period 
of eight years and later the Hanson place for 
market gardening and greenhouses. In 1890 
he purchased a farm at Leominster, jNIassa- 
chusetts, conducting it in addition to his other 
business enterprises for four years, and also 
owned and cultivated a farm in Maine for 
eight years. In iqoo he bought his present 
farm in Woburn, then known as the old Ellard 
place, consisting of twenty acres, to which 
he has added about si.xteen acres by further 
purchase. He has prospered in business and 
found an excellent market for his produce in 
Boston. He is a Baptist in religious faith, a 
Republican in politics, but has held only one 
public office, that of special police. He is 
affiliated with the following fraternal organi- 
zations: Mount Horeb Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, since May 17, 1882; Wo- 
burn Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, Novem- 
ber II, 1892; Hugh de Payen"s Commandery, 
Knights Templar, June 24, 1894; Bethel 
Lodge, No. 12, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, at Arlington, November 9, 1881. He 
is also a member of the Market Gardeners" 
Association of Boston. Mr. Gustin married, 
April 8, 1883, Ellen Maria, born July 25, 1851, 
daughter of James and Ellen (Dudley) Wal- 
ley, of Dedham, Massachusetts, the former a 
blacksmith by trade. Children : Francis Ed- 
ward Jr., born February 4, 1884: Susan Anna, 
December 24, 1886: Charles Alfred, July 3, 

Robert Smith, immigrant ances- 
SMITH tor of this family, was born in 
England. He was among the 
early settlers at Exeter, New Hampshire, and 
signed the famous Exeter combination in 1639. 
He removed to the adjacent town of Hamp- 
ton, New Hampshire, and was living there as 
early as 1657. He was a tailor by trade. His 
home was on the site of the residence of the 
late Joseph Johnson, of Hampton. He died 
August 30, 1706. Hs wife Susanna was killed 

by lightning, June 12, 1680. Children: i. 
John, married. May 14, 1675, Rebecca Adams ; 
(second) August 23, 1676, Rebecca Marston. 
2, Meribah, married Francis Page, 3, Asahel. 
4, Jonathan, mentioned below. 5. Joseph, col- 
onel : judge of the superior court, 1694-99; 
judge of the probate court, 1703-08; provincial 
treasurer ; selectman ; deputy to the general 
court; married Dorothy Cotton; (second) 
Mary Moore; (third) Elizabeth Marshall; he 
died November 15, 1717. 

(II) Jonathan, son of Robert Smith, was 
born 1645-50, probably at Exeter, New Hamp- 
shire. He was a brickmaker by trade and lived 
at Exeter. He married, January 15, 1670, 
Mehitable Holdred. He was living in 1698. 
Children, born at Exeter: i. Israel, January 
16, 1671. 2. Jacob, August 10, 1673. 3. Ithiel, 
mentioned below. 4. Abigail, Hampton, June 
22, 1678, 5. Joseph, February 7, 1680. 6. 
Leah, April 7, 1683. 7. Mehitable, Augvist 14, 

(III) Ithiel, son of Jonathan Smith, was 
born during King Philip's war, probably at 
Hampton, 1675-76. He died about 1732. He 
lived at Exeter and Stratham, New Hamp- 
shire, He married Mary , Children : 

I. Ithiel, settled at Kingston, New Hampshire, 
and liad sons Ithiel and Peter. 2. Solomon, 
mentioned below. 

(IV) Solomon, son of Ithiel Smith, was 
born 1700-10. He settled at Stratham. He 

married Abigail . Children, born at 

Stratham; i. Joseph, October 12, 1725. 2. 
John. March 17. 1729. 3. Solomon, December 
29, 1734. 4. Josiah, June 2, 1736. 5. Elipha- 
let. March 5, 1739. 6. Joseph, April 25. 1742, 
mentioned below. 7. Samuel, February 7, 

1743-44- ^ . , 

(V) Joseph, son of Solomon Smith, was 
born at Stratham, April 25, 1742. He married 
Esther Rundlett, daughter of Theophilus 
Rundlett, granddaughter of James (2) and 
great-granddaughter of Charles Runlett (Ran- 
lett or Randlett ). Fie resided at Stratham and 
Epping, New Hampshire, and died January 21, 
1816. Children; I. Theophilus, born Febru- 
ary 26, 1765, mentioned below, and other 

(VI) Captain Theophilus, son of Joseph 
Smith, was born at Epping, New Hampshire, 
February 26, 1765. According to the census 
of 1790 a Theophilus Smith lived at Francis- 
borough, Maine. Fie resided at Epping and 
Newmarket, New Hampshire, and at Cornish, 
Maine, and was a farmer. He was a farmer 
and brick mason. He married, March 13, 1788, 



Sally Pike, daughter of John Pike, of Epping. 
Children: i. Theophilus, mentioned below. 2. 
Greenleaf, married, July 13, 1816, Polly 
French, of Epping, New Hampshire. 3. Sarah. 
4. Nancy. 

(VH) Theophilus (2), son of Theophilus 
(i) Smith, was born about 1785. He married 
Mary Lowell. He spent his youth in Cornish, 
Maine, and later was a farmer and lumber- 
man in Denmark, Maine, where he died. He 
was commissioned captain in the state militia. 
He was a prominent citizen and held various 
positions of trust and honor. In politics he 
was a Whig. Children: i. Lucy Ann, mar- 
ried Henry Warren. 2. Nancy, died aged 
eight years. 3. Greenleaf E., born 1816, men- 
tioned below. 4. Amanda, married Daniel 
Lowell, of Denmark. 

(A'ni) Greenleaf Edmund, son of Theo- 
philus (2) Smith, was born in Cornish, York 
county, Maine, 1816. He was brought up on 
his father's farm and early in life began to 
work on the farm. He received a common 
school education in the district schools. He 
was engaged for a number of years as con- 
tractor in railroad construction. He was 
thirty years old when he took up the study of 
m.edicine under Dr. Richardson. He began 
to practice in his native town, removing after 
a time to Lawrence, Massachusetts, where he 
enjoyed a large and successful practice. In 
1882 he removed to Denver, Colorado, and 
continued to reside there until his death in 
1885. He was a Republican in politics and 
faithful to his duty as a citizen. He never 
sought public office, however. He was a Free 
Mason. In religion he was a Baptist. Dr. 
Smith was a ph^'sician of ability, and in many 
respects a man of remarkable character. 
\\'ithout the advantages of a liberal education, 
he began his professional career at a time 
when most physicians are already well estab- 
lished. He had been successful in business 
and few men can turn to the life of a student 
after once enjoying for a space of years the 
success of an active business career. He had 
to an exceptional degree the gift of concentra- 
tion of .mind and self-control. He achieved 
his ambition in the world of medicine and took 
high rank as a physician. His personal char- 
acter was exemplary. He inspired confidence 
in his patients and won their affection and 
esteem. He married, in 1847, Almira Moul- 
ton, one of the thirteen children of Cutting 
and Mehitable (Lord) Moulton, of an old 
Parsonsfield, Maine, family. Children: i. 
Sarah P., May 17, 1850, married (first) Oscar 

E. Lowell, of Denmark, Maine; (second) 
Frank A. Pendexter, of Mechanics Falls, 
Maine. 2. George Pray, June 28, 1851, men- 
tioned below. 3. Lucy P., September 25, 1854, 
married Frank Kincaide, of Madison, Maine. 
4. Henry R., June, 1856, married Nellie Blais- 
dell and resides in Denmark, Maine. 5. Susan 
M., December 25, i860, died unmarried in 

(IX) George Pray, son of Greenleaf E. 
Smith, was born in Northumberland, New 
Hampshire, June 28, 1851. His father re- 
turned to Cornish, IMaine, and the boy alter- 
nated work on his father's farm with attend- 
ance at the district school and academy. In 
1867 he left home to study the art of engrav- 
ing, being possessed of an ambition to make 
art his profession. He located in Worcester, 
where he worked as an engraver up to 1875, 
when the artistic fever was over, and he deter- 
mined to become a miner and ranchman in the 
far west. He located in Nevada, where he 
acquired large interests, and became the con- 
trolling owner of the Buck mountain gold 
mine, one of the most profitable in the terri- 
tory, and in I907he was still in control of the 
property as president and general manager of 
the Buck Mountain Gold Mining Company. 
He also acquired a large cattle ranch in New 
]\Iexico, which he held as an investment, the 
property including eighty thousand acres of 
land, all of which he placed under fence, and 
in 1907 there were several thousand growing 
cattle on the ranch, the matured stock produc- 
ing a large annual income. Besides his west- 
ern interests, Mr. Smith, on locating in Mass- 
achusetts, became interested in eastern enter- 
prises, and he organized and became vice- 
president, treasurer and general manager of 
the Boston Fuel Company, with offices in the 
Beacon building on Beacon street. He also 
organized the Beacon Machinery Company, 
which owns and controls the patented machin- 
ery used by the Boston Fuel Company in the 
manufacture of peat into commercial fuel. 
The universal deposit of peat throughout every 
state in the United States gives to their cor- 
poration a vast field for works. Continuous 
practical demonstrations are being made of the 
A-alue and utility of the properly prepared peat 
for general heating purposes which has carried 
the enterprise into the region of practicability, 
and it only needs the introduction of specially 
prepared stoves and furnaces to make its use 
universal. Mr. Smith is one of the owners of 
a well equipped stock farm near McCords- 
ville, Indiana, and the pacers and trotters bred 



upon this farm have become famihar and 
favorite objects of admiration at every trotting 
association in the country, for their pecuhar 
grace, beauty and wonderful intelHgence. 

Mr. Smith has behind him a genealogical 
record that gives him reason for especial pride 
in the blood that runs in his veins. His revo- 
lutionary ancestors were not rare in the annals 
of that seven years effort to throw off the 
yoke of England, and he is doing a duty to his 
country and to the liberty loving in all the 
world by doing his part in keeping alive the 
spirit of liberty, through encouraging the work 
done by the various patriotic societies of 
America. He was instrumental in founding 
the Sons of America, and as head of that 
patriotic and philanthropic order, he placed 
the organization in a commanding position 
among the fraternal societies of the United 
States, and the Mortuary Benefit Fund sug- 
gested by him has in the cjuarter century of 
its existence distributed over $100,000 annu- 
ally to members in benefits. Mr. Smith be- 
came peculiarly prominent in this connection 
at the convention of the order held at Wash- 
ington, D. C, where in his address to the con- 
vention he touched upon the murder of Dr. 
Cronin, of Chicago, in a way that caused the 
Associated Press to telegraph that portion of 
his address verbatim to all parts of the Eng- 
lish speaking world. Mr. Smith married, June 
22, 1880, Anna S. Chapman, born in Charles- 
town, ^Massachusetts. Children: i. W. Win- 
ford H., born in Scarboro, Maine, July, 1881, 
graduate of Bowdoin College, Maine, Johns 
Hopkins University of Baltimore, physician 
and surgeon, now managing physician of Belle- 
vue Hospital, New York City. 2. Mildred P., 
born in Clarion, Massachusetts, 1882, married 
Thomas Oglesby. 3. Ross G., born in Scar- 
boro, Alaine, 1885, general manager of the 
Iris Gold Mining Company of Pay, Nevada; 
married Lillian Blair, of Massachusetts. 4. 
Ethel, born 1890. Mr. Smith has a beautiful 
residence on Otis street, Newtonville, that 
charming suburb of Boston, and here with 
the fine roads and bridle paths of the neighbor- 
hood, he with his family enjoy to the fullest 
the companionship of his intelligent and well 
trained horses. Mr. Smith became known all 
over the United States, and of him the Nczv 
York Herald said, "A man who wears his 
heart upon his sleeve" and an author who dedi- 
cated a novel to him which became widely 
read, described him as "a man who loves a 
horse, whose heart pulsates in a royal setting, 

whose fidelity never falters, and whose friend- 
ship never fails." 

Although no complete genealogy 
FOWLE of the Powle family has ever 
been compiled, sufficient data 
has been discovered as the result of tracing 
a number of lineages to make it appear almost 
beyong doubt that all of the name in this 
country have descended from George Powle, 
who settled in Concord, Massachusetts, a year 
or two prior to 1638, when he was admitted 
a freeman, and continued to reside in Con- 
cord until between 1646 and 1648. when he 
removed to Charlestown, Massachusetts. He 
was a tanner by trade and buying land and 
buildings in Charlestown, he pursued his occu- 
pation there during the remainder of his life. 
Tradition tells us that he came from the 
Highlands of Scotland, where he had been 
active in the Scottish clans and was obliged 
to leave his native hills on account of political 
troubles. It is not improbable, however, that 
when he came to this country it was from 
Kent county, England, for wdien he settled in 
Concord several Kentish' families were there 
who had preceded him, among them the Mer- 
riam immigrants, who it has been discovered 
came from Kent county, where the name of 
Powle has not been uncommon in its history. 
(Ij George Powle brought with him his 
wife Mary (maiden name unknown), his 
daughter Hannah and his son John. While 
in Concord four more children were born to 
him, and after his removal to Charlestown five 
more were added to the family, making eleven 
in all, seven sons and four daughters. Nine 
of these children lived to adult years, and six 
of the sons and one daughter were married 
and raised families, their descendants being 
a numerous progeny who have become scat- 
tered over many parts of the country, although 
the majority have remained near their ances- 
tral homes. George Powle died in Charles- 
town, September 19, 1682, aged seventy-two- 
years (gravestone), showing that he was born 
in 1610. His wife died there February 15, 
1676-77, aged sixty-three years (gravestone 
with husband). By his will dated March 11, 
1681-82, probated October 3, 1682, he devised 
to his sons in minute detail all his property, 
the real estate being inventoried at three hun- 
dred and twenty-one pounds. He was pos- 
sessed of a military spirit, and joining a train 
band was chosen surveyor of arms. This 
spirit was transmitted to many of his descend- 


ants, particularly in the line of his son James, 
who settled in Woburnj Massachusetts. Chil- 
dren: I. Hannah, married lo (ii) 1654-55, 
Captain Samuel Ruggles, of Roxbury; died 
October 2, 1669. 2. John (Captain), married 
25 (11) 1658-59, Anna Carter, daughter of 
Thomas and Anna Carter, of Charlestown ; 
died at Charlestown, October 13, 171 1. 3. 
Mary, born 24 (9) 1640, at Concord, Massa- 
chusetts; died there in infancy. 4. Peter, born 
2 ( 10) 1641, at Concord, died at Woburn, De- 
cember II, 1721 ; married ]\Iary Carter, daugh- 
ter of Captain John and Elizabeth Carter, of 
Woburn ; resided at Charlestown and Woburn. 
5. James (Lieutenant), see forward. 6. Mary, 
born 9 (12) 1644, at Concord, died at Charles- 
town, July 4, 1667, unmarried. 7. Abraham, 
born at Charlestown; married, July 14, 1679, 
Hannah Harris. 8. Zechariah, born at Charles- 
town, died there 7 (11) 1677-8; married 24 

(10) 1675, Paine, daughter of Stephen 

and Elizabeth (Carrington) Paine, of Charles- 
town. 9. Isaac, born at Charlestown, died 
there October 15, 1718, in his seventieth year 
(gravestone) ; married, November 30, 1671, 
Beriah Bright, daughter of Henry and Anne 
(Goldstone) Bright, of Watertown, Massa- 
chusetts. Isaac and Beriah (Bright) Fowle 
were, through their daughter Abigail, great- 
grandparents of Abigail (Smith) Adams, wife 
of President John Adams and mother of Presi- 
dent John Ouincy Adams, second and sixth 
presidents, respectively, of the United States. 
ID. Jacob, born at Charlestown; died 1678, at 
Boston. II. Elizabeth, born at Charlestown, 
January 27, 1655-56; died there in infancy, 
March 10, 1656-57. 

(II) Lieutenant James, son of George 
Fowle, born at Concord, Massachusetts, 12 
( i) 1642, died at Woburn, ]\Iassachusetts, De- 
cember 17, 1690, in his forty-ninth year; mar- 
ried, about 1666, Abigail Carter, born at Wo- 
burn, April 21, 1648, daughter of Captain 
John and Elizabeth Carter, of Woburn. She 
married (second) April 18. 1692, Ensign 
Samuel Walker, of Woburn. who was a dea- 
con of the First Church of Woburn from 1692 
until his death, January 18, 1703-04. She 
married (third) Deacon Samuel Stone, of 
Cambridge Farms, now Lexington, Massa- 
chusetts, and died, his widow, at Woburn, 
May II, 1 718. aged seventy-one years (grave- 
stone). Lieutenant James Fowle was the fifth 
child of George Fowle and settled in Woburn 
probably at the time he married Abigail Carter, 
for their first child, a son, was born in Woburn, 
March 4, 1667, and was named James for his 

father. As shown by the records he appeared 
first in Woburn in 1666^ and in 1668 he had a 
right in the common lands of the town. In 
1672 he was a constable of Woburn. Being 
imbued with the military spirit of his father, 
he became a member of the train band, first 
as a trooper, later, sometime between 1686 
and 1689, appointed an ensign by Governor 
Edmund Andros and afterwards elected a 
lieutenant. As Governor Andros was unpopu- 
lar with the colonist, Mr. Fowle's appoint- 
ment met with considerable opposition, and 
was the subject of a number of lengthy docu- 
ments, with the result, however, that the 
appointment was allowed to stand. Lieuten- 
ant Fowle gave evidence of his patriotism by 
enlisting in 1690 in the Phipps expedition to 
Quebec, Canada, against the French. Owing 
to bad management and the excessive cold 
weather in Canada, this expedition proved 
unsuccessful, and many of the soldiers from 
New England died in Canada from colds and 
distemper brought on by exposure. There is 
little doubt that, while Air. Fowle was able to 
return home, he was afflicted by the prevailing 
distemper, for he died December 19, that year. 
Previous to this departure on the expedition, 
he apparently thought it well to provide against 
the possibility of his death while away, as on 
July 30, 1690, he made his will, in which he 
said: "Being by a call of God bound for 
Canada in the expedition against the French 
Enemy and not knowing whether I shall ever 
return home alive," then disposed of his estate 
to his wife and children. 

Lieutenant Fowle was a cordwainer or shoe- 
maker by trade, and lived and had his shop near 
where the present Central House stands. In 1678 
he was allowed by the town to take in ''a little 
piece of land behind the Bell Hill," an eleva- 
tion adjoining his estate, and so called because 
upon its summit was then located the bell 
whose voice summoned the people to worship 
in the church near its base. Upon the westerly 
slope of this hill, the town laid out its first 
buryng ground, which is still preserved and in 
which rest the remains of Lieutenant James 
Fowle, his son. Captain James Fowle, and a 
number of their descendants, as well as the 
ancestors of many other more distinguished 
men who were given to the world by the early 
sons and daughters of the historic old town 
of Woburn. Here were buried Captain Ed- 
ward Johnson, the "Father of Woburn," Col- 
onel Loammi Baldwin, of revolutionary fame, 
and Moses Cleveland, the emigrant ancestor 
of President Grover Cleveland, also ancestor 


of presidents, Franklin Pierce and ^^'illiam H. 
Harrison. From the time when the town 
erected one of the old time stone powder 
houses, so common in the early days, upon 
this hill, it has been known as Powder House 
hill. Lieutenant Fowle was the ancestor of 
all the members of the well-known Fowle 
family which has always been prominent and 
distinguished in ^^'oburn. He was evidently 
a man of thrift during his life, as shown by 
his holdings of land and buildings at the time 
of his death, which comprised the present 
Central House lot, and more to the northwest 
and southeast on that side of Main street, then 
the country road as well as on the opposite 
side, his estate showing an appraisal of seven 
hundred and fifteen pounds, quite a fortune 
for that time. To these lands his descendants 
in the succeeding three or four generations 
gradually added until the Fowles came to be 
among the largest land proprietors in Woburn, 
their possessions comprising many acres of 
valuable land, with buildings, right in the 
heart of the town, land which is now thickly 
settled with business blocks, stores, shops and 

Children, all born at Woburn: i. Captain 
James, March 4, 1667, see forward. 2. Abi- 
gail, October 15, 1669, died at Woburn, Jan- 
uary 3, 1690; married, July 29, 1689, Cornet 
Jonathan Wyman, son of Lieutenant John and 
Sarah (Nutt) Wyman, of Woburn. 3. John 
C Captain), March 12, 1671, died at Woburn, 
June 13, 1744: married, July i, 1696, Eliza- 
beth Prescott, born at Concord, November 27, 
1678, daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth 
(Hoar) Prescott, of Concord, Massachusetts. 
4. Samuel, September 17, 1674, was a mariner 
and died while on a voyage about 1699 or 
1700; married Susanna Blaney, born June 13, 
1673, 3-t Charlestown, daughter of John and 
Mary (Powell) Blaney. 5. Jacob, April 3, 
1677, married, November 3, 1701, Mary 
Broughton, at \\'oburn. 6. Elizabeth, Septem- 
ber 28, 1681, died at Medford, Massachusetts, 
February 3, 1764, in her eighty- fourth year 
(gravestone) ; married (first) ]\Iarch 2, 1699, 
Timothy Walker, son of Deacon Samuel and 
Sarah (Reed) Walker, of Woburn; married 
(second) Lieutenant Stephen Hall, of Med- 
ford, born at Charlestown, son of John and 
Elizabeth (Green) Hall. 7. Hannah, January 
23, 1683-84, married, December 25, 1705, 
Samuel Trumbull, son of John and Alary 
(Jones) Trumbull, of Charlestown. 8. Mary, 
July 18, 1687, no further record found. 

('HI) Captain James (2), son of Lieuten- 

ant James ( ij Fowle, born at Woburn, March 
4, 1667, died there March 19, 1714, aged forty- 
seven years and fourteen days (gravestone) ; 
married, October 2, 1688, Mary Richardson, 
born March 22, 1669, at Woburn, daughter of 
Joseph and Hannah (Green) Richardson. She 
married (second) Deacon Samuel Walker, of 
Woburn, and died his widow at Charlestown, 
October 23, 1748. aged eighty years (grave- 
stone). He was the oldest child of Lieuten- 
ant James and Abigail (Carter) Fowle, and 
the first native of Woburn of that surname. 
Flis homestead was on the site of the present 
Central House, on Main street, Woburn, and 
it is probable that he built and kept the old 
Fowle Tavern, which is supposed to have been 
erected about 1691, soon after the death of his 
father, and was for a century and a half one 
of the most important public houses in Wo- 
burn and always kept by a Fowle. It was 
demolished in 1840 to make way for the Cen- 
tral House, which was built in that year by 
Joseph Rollins and has been Woburn's lead- 
ing hotel to the present day. The military 
spirit was also inherited by this James Fowle, 
and as a member of the Woburn Militia Coni- 
pany he became a sergeant, which office he 
held from 1693 to 1701, and was a captain 
during the last years of his life. Further evi- 
dence of the soldierly temper possessed by 
this family is shown in the fact that a brother 
of Captain James (John) was also a captain 
and he in turn had a son who bore the title 
of Cornet John Fowle. Captain James also 
had a son John who rose to the rank of major, 
and the latter had three sons, a nephew and 
three grandsons who served in the revolu- 
tionary war. Captain James Fowle was for 
thirteen years town clerk of Woburn, from 
1701 to 1714; also selectman for fourteen 
years; previous to and during the time he was 
town clerk and was a commissioner in 1703 
to aid in establishing the province tax accord- 
ing to act of general court, March, 1703. Cap- 
tain James and Mary (Richardson) Fowle 
had twelve children, only three of whom were 
boys and all were born in Woburn. Children : 
I. 'Mary, born June 18, 1689, died March 9, 
1762, at Woburn, in her seventy-fourth year 
(gravestone) ; married, June 17, 1714. Lieu- 
tenant James Simonds, son of James and Sus- 
anna (Blodgett) Simonds, of Woburn. 2. 
Tames, July 20, 1691, died October 11, 1706, 
(gravestone) at Cambridge, Massachusetts. 3. 
Abigail, August 22, 1693, died at Medford, 
Massachusetts, February 20. 1 759 ; married Jon- 
athan Thompson, son of Jonathan and Frances 


( W'hitemore) Thompson, of ^^'oburn. 4. John 
( Major ).Xovember 1 1, 1695, mentioned below. 
5. Hannah, September 13, 1697, died at Wil- 
mington, Massachusetts, ]\Iay 13, 1788, in 
her ninety-first year (gravestone) ; married 
Samuel \\'alker, son of Deacon Samuel and 
Judith (Howard) W'alker, of Woburn. 6. 
Elizabeth, August 9, 1699, died at Lynn. I\Iass- 
achusetts, January 28, 1760; married, Decem- 
ber 28, 1721, Benjamin Newhall, son of Joseph 
and Susanna (Farrar) Xewhall, of Lynn. 7. 
Ruth, April 6, 1701, died in childhood at 
\\'oburn, March 3, 1713. 8. Sarah, July 29, 
1703, married, September 24, 1728, James 
Richardson, son of Captain James and Eliz- 
abeth (Arnold) Richardson, of Woburn. 9. 
Samuel, June 10, 1705, died at Woburn, Au- 
gust 13, 1793; married, September 5, 1727, 
Susanna Reed, born August 18, 1707, at Wo- 
burn, daughter of Lieutenant Joseph and 
Phebe (Walker) Reed. 10. Esther, May 29, 
1707, married, November 2, 1726. Nathan 
Simonds, son of James and Susanna (Blod- 
gett) Simonds, of ^^"oburn, and brother of 
Lieutenant James Simonds, who married 
Mary, eldest sister of Esther. 11. Martha, 
March 12, 1709, died at Boston, September 
5, 1794, and was buried in King's Chapel bury- 
ing ground ; married (first) August 11, 1737, 
Rev. Supply Clapp, son of Deacon Samuel 
and j\Iary (Paul) Clapp, of Dorchester, Mass- 
achusetts. He was a member of the Second 
Church, ^^^oburn Precinct, now Burlington, 
IMassachusetts, organized in 1735. He died 
at ^\'oburn, December 28, 1747, and she mar- 
ried (second) Colonel Nathaniel Thwing, of 
Boston. 12. Catherine, September 20, 171 1, 
died at Charlestown, December 25, 1790; mar- 
ried, March 4, 1730, Josiah Whittemore, of 

(IV) Major John, son of Captain James 
(2) Fowle, born at Woburn, November 11, 
1695, died there September 28, 1775, in his 
eightieth year; married, December 25, 1718, 
j\Iary Converse, born January 12, 1702, daugh- 
ter of Captain Josiah and Ruth (Marshall) 
Converse, of ^^'oburn. The home of Major 
John Fowle and family was a large gambrel 
roof house, a most imposing one for the period, 
which he erected on the country road, now the 
junction of Main, Salem and Broad streets, 
in the business centre of ^^'oburn. It was 
built about one hundred and eighty years ago 
but its original form and appearance have 
been preserved in excellent condition, although 
it is now occupied as a grocery store. In the 
early part of the nineteenth century, a John 

Flagg kept a tavern there and for that reason 
it became known as the Flagg House. Major 
John Fowle was captain of a Woburn military 
company from 1738 to 1748, when he was 
promoted to the rank of-major and bore this 
title until his death. He served as major in 
Colonel Jonathan Tyng's regiment from Sep- 
tember 9, 1755, to January 3, 1756, during 
the period of the French and Indian war. 
There is in existence a bayonet roll at the 
State House, Boston, of members of the com- 
pany in Woburn of which he was captain, the 
East Company so called. He was a selectman 
of \\'oburn in 1741, this appearing to be the 
only civil office held by him. He was appar- 
ently a man of considerable energy and enter- 
prise and he seems to have made quite a for- 
tune by the sale of the province lands, granted 
to the soldiers of the various wars and their 

The method of his dealings was to buy up 
the shares of these lands from the soldiers or 
their legal heirs and then dispose of them at 
a profit through the founding of new towns. 
He made investments in dififerent parts of the 
provinces and is known to have been one of 
the four original proprietors of Petersborough, 
New Hampshire, the three others being Jere- 
miah Gridley, John Hill and Peter Prescott. 
Gridley was one of the most eminent men and 
the greatest lawyer of his time, termed at his 
death "the great lawyer of the province and 
father of the bar of Boston, master and guide 
of John Adams in his legal studies." He was 
also a colonel of militia, and from 1755 until 
his death in 1767 was grand master of all the 
Masons of America. John Hill, a prominent 
business man of Boston, who held many muni- 
cipal offices, was a member of the governor's 
council for eight years and was also a colonel 
in the militia. Besides Petersborough, he was 
concerned either as grantee or proprietor in 
the founding of a number of towns in New 
Hampshire, among them Hillsborough which 
was named for him. Lieutenant Peter Pres- 
cott, the fourth proprietor, was the son of 
Major Jonathan Prescott, an eminent physi- 
cian of Concord, Massachusetts, and one of 
the most distinguished men of that town. Peter 
Prescott was from 1755 to 1762 engaged 
mostly in military service, but before and 
after this he was deeply immersed in land 
speculation, being connected in the establish- 
ing of a number of New Hampshire towns. 
Major John Fowle was a factor of importance 
in some fifteen or more enterprises of this 
nature, including towns in both New Hamp- 



shire and Maine. In his native town of Wo- 
burn he had an honorable name and an un- 
blemished reputation for social and business 
honor. Children, all born and died in Woburn : 

1. James, June 13, 1720, died April 10, 1793; 
married, November 28, 1744, Mary Reed, born 
June 24, 1726, at ^^'oburn. daughter of Lieu- 
tenant Israel and Hannah (W'yman) Reed. 

2. John, February i, 1726, died October 15, 
1786; married, December 28, 1759, Bridget 
Burbeen, born July 17, 1742, at Woburn, 
daughter of Joseph and Esther (Poole) Bur- 
been. He was an eminent school teacher of 
his time, a graduate of Harvard College and 
was distinguished by the title of "Master 
Fowle." 3. Josiah, July 14, 1731, see forward. 
4. j\Iary, May 12, 1734, died November 27, 
1796; married. April 24, 1760, Joshua Wyman 
Jr., son of Joshua and Mary Wyman, of 
Woburn. 5. Leonard, January 8, 1737, died 
January 16, 1798. He was not married. 

(\') Josiah, son of Major John Fowle, 
born July 14, 1731, at Woburn, died there 
February 28, 1805; married, March, 1752, 
Margery Carter, born August 3, 1730, at Wo- 
burn, daughter of Captain Samuel and Mar- 
gery (Dickson) Carter. Captain Carter was 
a son of Captain John Carter, one of Woburn's 
earliest and most distinguished men. Captain 
Samuel Carter lived to the great age of ninety- 
three years, and his daughter, Mrs. Fowle, to 
the age of eighty-two years. Josiah Fowle 
was an extensive farmer with large holdings 
of land, comprising between one hundred and 
two hundred acres, in one of the most valuable 
and sightly portions of Woburn, extending 
from the country road, now Main street, at 
the business centre of the town, east of Ever- 
ett street, southerly to near the Winchester 
line, west of the then so-called English hills 
and along what is now known as Woburn 
Highlands. His dwelling was beautifully sit- 
uated on a knoll, on the present fine estate of 
Mr. James Skinner, a retired leather manufac- 
turer and one of Woburn's wealthiest citizens. 
This is on IMontvale avenue, which in the early 
days was the Woburn end of the old Woburn 
and Salem turnpike. On the morning of April 
19, 1775, in response to the alarm which called 
the minute-men and others to arms to oppose 
the British soldiers who were on their way to 
Concord, a military company from Danvers 
stopped to rest on the farm of Josiah Fowle, 
but being too late to proceed to Lexington 
they continued on to Menotomy, now Arling- 
ton, to intercept the enemy there on their 
return from Concord and Lexington. Here 

they met the British but were subjected to 
great slaughter and many of their bodies now 
rest in the old Arlington burying ground. 
Josiah Fowle was then a member of Captain 
Jonathan Fox's company, the East Company 
of Woburn, and at the time of the arrival of 
the Danvers soldiers at his home he was in 
Lexington harassing the British while on their 
retreat through that town to Cambridge and 
Charlcstown. He continued in service thirty 
days at that time, and is also credited with 
considerable additional service before 1777, 
including five months at Ticonderoga in the 
company of Captain Jesse Wyman, who suc- 
ceeded Captain Fox, when the latter was made 
a colonel, and five months at the lines ; also in 
Captain Jonas Richardson's company, Colonel 
James Frye's regiment ; also in Captain 
Abishai Browne's company. Colonel Josiah 
Whitney's regiment. His record seems, how- 
ever, to be confused with that of his son 
Josiah Jr., who also rendered long service in 
the revolution. The farm of Josiah Fowle 
was divided after his death, in accordance with 
his will, between his sons, his son William 
receiving the old homestead .and about one 
hundred acres of land to the south, and his 
son John a portion of the farm to the north, 
from the turnpike to the country road. Chil- 
dren, all born at Woburn: i. Josiah, March 
20, 1754, married, April 13, 1780, at Boston, 
Abigail Belknap, born July 16, 1758, at Wo- 
burn, daughter of Captain Samuel and Abigail 
(Lewis) Belknap. 2. John (Deacon), No- 
vember 10, 1755, see forward. 3. Alary, Octo- 
ber 9, 1761, died November i, 1835. at Wo- 
burn ; married (first) March 9, 1781, Sergeant 
Luke Richardson, son of Ebenezer and Mary 
Richardson, of Woburn; (second) May 12, 
1785, Dr. Sylvanus Plympton, of Woburn. 4. 
Wifliam, April 25, 1763. died July 17, 1850, 
at Woburn, aged eighty-seven years ; married, 
November 7, 1782, Sarah Richardson, bom 
January 29, 1767, at Woburn, daughter of 
Jeduthan and Mary (Wright) Richardson. 5. 
Margery, October 6, 1767, died August 8, 
1799, at Woburn; married. May 26, 1791, at 
\Voburn, Colonel Loammi Baldwin, a distin- 
guished colonel at the battle of Lexington and 
Concord, April 19, 1775, and served after- 
wards as lieutenant-colonel and colonel until 
during the year 1777; when he resigned on 
account of ill health. He took a prominent 
part in the construction of the Middlesex 
canal, completed in 1803, one of the earliest 
enterprises of the sort in the United States. 
He discovered the apple which has become 



famous under the name of the Baldwin apple 
and cultivated and introduced it to public 
notice. He was a son of James and Ruth 
(Richardson) Baldwin, of Woburn. Margery 
Fowle was his second wife, he having first 
married Mary Fowle, her cousin, daughter of 
James and Mary (Reed) Fowle, and grand- 
daughter of Major John Fowle. 

(\'I) Deacon John (2), son of Josiah 
Fowle, born November 10, 1755, at Woburn, 
died there December 29, 1834; married, Octo- 
ber 18, 1780, Lois Richardson, born June 10, 
1759, at Woburn, only child of Jesse and 
Jemima (Brooks) Richardson. He was one 
of the most prominent citizens of \\'oburn in 
his time, a man of the highest character, who 
enjoyed great confidence and esteem for his 
integrity and many virtues. A pillar of the 
First Baptist Church, he was a deacon for 
thirty-five years, from 1799 until his death, 
and for a number of years its clerk and treas- 
urer. In civic affairs he was honored by being 
chosen a selectman for the years 1802-03-05- 
06, and town treasurer during the years 1826- 
27-28-31. He was a cooper by trade and for 
many years made and supplied stores and 
families with tubs and water pails. During 
the last years of his life he was a cripple, 
caused primarily by rheumatism in his limbs, 
contracted as the result of exposure while in 
the revolutionary war. He was also a great 
suft'erer from eczema of the limbs, and was 
obliged to use crutches for more than fifteen 
years. He grew very stout, and for six years 
he was unable to go up stairs to see his young- 
est son Eldridge, who was bedridden for years 
and until his death in 1832 in a room on the 
second floor, caused by a fall which seriously 
injured his spine. If it be true that "whom 
the Lord loveth he chaseneth," Deacon John 
Fowle was surely one of His well beloved, 
for even in his last hours he was a terrible 
sufferer, his death being caused by stoppage of 
the bowels. Deacon John Fowle lived for a 
time in the westerly half of the house built 
by his grandfather, IMajor John Fowle, and 
one afternoon, while standing in his front 
doorway during a thunder storm he narrowly 
escaped death, being rendered unconscious by 
a bolt of lightning which passed by him and 
out of the back doorway, by way of the hall- 
way, both doors being open. It continued on 
to his pen of swine in the rear of the house, 
killing one of their number. About 1817 he 
removed to a new dwelling which he had 
caused to be erected a short distance down the 
country road. Here he lived until his death 

in 1834, and his widow until her death in 
1840. This dwelling is now the rear portion 
of the building owned by Thomas Moore, and 
occupied by him for a grocery. Deacon John 
Fowle as a soldier of the revolution is sup- 
posed to have served at Bunker Hill, Charles- 
town, for three months in 1778, in Captain 
Wyman's company. Colonel Jacob Gerrish's 
regiment of guards, this company being de- 
tached to guard General Burgoyne's army. 
He is also said to have been a volunteer on 
board a privateer and also served as a mem- 
ber of the pioneer corps of the army near 
Ticonderoga, being brought home from there 
on a litter, placed on a wagon and exposed to 
constant rains without change of garments, 
this bringing on the rheumatism from which 
he suffered so much in after life. 

Deacon John and Lois (Richardson) Fowle 
had eleven children, nearly all of whom were 
remarkable for longevity. Children: I. Lydia 
Richardson, born February 4, 1781, at Lynn, 
died December 30, 1859, at Woburn; married, 
January 26, 1802, at Woburn, Ezra Kimball, 
of Ipswich, Massachusetts. 2. Mary, October 
28, 1782, at Charlestown, died March 13, 1854, 
at Woburn ; married, April 28, 1805, at Wo- 
burn, Jonathan Converse, of Woburn, son of 
Josiah and Hepzibah (Brooks) Converse. 3. 
John, June 27, 1784, at Lynn, died January 
21, 1877, at Stoneham ; married Eleanor John- 
son, of Boston, daughter of John and Eleanor 
Johnson. 4. Jesse Richardson, June 24, 1786, 
at Lynn, died November 10, 1859, at Woburn ; 
married (first) June 5, 1814, at Woburn, ]\Iary 
(Polly) Bruce, born February 19, 1788, at 
\\''oburn, died there April 5, 1845, daughter of 
John Jr. and Sarah (Johnson) Bruce. He 
married (second) April 7, 1846, at Woburn, 
Mary (Knight) Beers, born at Newburyport, 
widow of Uri Beers, of ^^'oburn. 5. ]\Iar- 
gery, Woburn, June 7, 1788, died there Au- 
gust 28, 1847, aged fifty-nine years ; married, 
December 22. 1808, at Woburn, Jonathan 
Thompson, of \\'oburn, son of Captain Jon- 
athan and Mary (Richardson) Thompson. 6. 
Leonard, W^oburn, November 21, 1790, see 
forward. 7. Lois, Woburn, January 6, 1793, 
died July 10, 1887 ; married George Cheney 
Allen, of Sterling, Massachusetts, son of 
Daniel and Mary (Polly) (Houghton) Allen. 
8. Myra. Woburn, March 29, 1795, died March 
10, 1873, at Woburn; married, June 28, 1821, 
at Woburn, William Flagg, of Woburn, son 
of John and Abigail (Thompson) Flagg. 9. 
Josiah. ^^'oburn, December 9. 1797, died there 
January 15, 1870; married, August 12, 1827, 




at W'oburn, Kezia Baldwin, born ]\Iay 1, 1806, 
at Nashua, New Hampshire, daughter of Dea- 
con James Baldwin, of Nashua. 10. Euseba 
H., ^\'oburn, December 21, 1800, died May, 
1889. at Roxbury ; married, November 20, 
1825, at Woburn, John Vinton Jr., of Boston, 
son of John and Rebecca (Cartwright) Vinton. 
II. Elbridge, Woburn, March 25. 1803, died 
there January 26, 1832, unmarried. 

(\TI) Deacon Leonard, son of Deacon 
John (2) Fowle, born November 21, 1790, 
died June 18, 1873, at Woburn; married, De- 
cember 27, 1818, at Woburn, Ruby Lucina 
Adams, born at St. Johnsbury, Vermont, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan and Olive Adams. He learned 
the trade of cooper from his father, and for a 
number of years during his early manhood 
made distillers' barrels, but after a time he 
abandoned this, mastered the carpenter's trade 
and became a prominent contractor and 
builder. He owned land on the easterly side 
of Main street, north and south of Green 
street, and built a dozen or more houses there 
for sale and to let, all of which are still stand- 
ing. He also built houses for others in other 
sections of the town. When the Woburn 
branch of the Boston and Lowell railroad was 
built in. the road bed of the company was laid 
out through his land, in the rear of the houses 
he had erected. He was a very upright and 
honorable man in all his dealings and greatly 
esteemed by his fellowmen. He was a most 
influential member of the First Baptist Church, 
but with other leading members he became 
dissatisfied with certain policies and reforms 
advocated by younger members wdio had united 
with the church during a revival, and after a 
protracted contention he led a body of forty- 
five members in asking for a dismissal, which 
was finally granted, and an independent society 
was formed of which he was chosen a deacon. 
In politics he was a staunch Democrat and a 
believer in the rights of the states. He served 
the town as a selectman in 1838-39, and in 
1838 was also a deputy to the general court 
of Massachusetts. Children: i. James Leon- 
ard, born September 2, 1820, see forward. 2. 
John Adams, January 12, 1823, at Woburn, 
died there April 9, 1832. 3. Charles Adams, 
February 26, 1825, at Woburn, died there 
June 24. 1864; married. May 9, 1850, at Lynn, 
Elizabeth Amanda Ingalls, born October 4. 
1830, at Lynn, daughter of Ephraim and Eliz- 
abeth (Cloon) Ingalls. 

(\'III) James Leonard, son of Deacon 
Leonard and Ruby Lucina (Adams) Fowle, 
w-as born at Woburn, September 2, 1820, died 

there August 30, 1892; married (first) :\Iarch 
27, 1845, Luthera Tay, daughter of Josiah 
and Susanna (Johnson) Tay, of Woburn, and 
a lineal descendant, through her mother's line, 
of Captain Edward Johnson, one of the 
founders of the town and called the "Father 
of ^\'oburn." She died at Woburn, February 
10, 1869, and he married (second) August 31, 

1876. Mrs. Christina Annie Scantlan, of Wo- 
burn. Early in life Mr. Fowle learned the 
tailoring trade in Boston with Peter Fisk, and 
followed that occupation the remainder of his 
life or for more than half a century. In 1842, 
at the age of twenty-two years, he formed a 
partnership in the tailoring business in W'oburn 
with Gawin R. Gage, who had been employed 
as a cutter by Tallman Seeley of that town. 
The firm was Gage & Fowle, and they con- 
tinued in partnership until August, 1853, when 
Mr. Fowle withdrew but remained in the em- 
ploy of Mr. Gage and his subsec|uent partner 
and successor up to the time of his last sick- 
ness. Mr. Fowle's tastes and habits were 
essentially domestic. He belonged to no clubs 
or fraternal organizations, was wholly indif- 
ferent to official honors, and in consequence 
never held public office. While exceptionally 
modest and retiring, no man was better known 
in the community or enjoyed a larger share 
of the confidence and esteem of his fellowmen. 
He possessed many admirable traits of char- 
acter, was always courteous, the soul of honor, 
upright and honest, cheerful, kind and com- 
panionable, and his death was sincerely 
lamented. Children by first wife, all born at 
Woburn: i. Isabella Lucina, December 30, 
1845, died at Woburn, May 22, 1903; married, 
June 15, 1871, Charles Frederick Patch, of 
Lynn, Massachusetts, who died at Lynn, Jan- 
uary 24, 1873. He was then city treasurer, 
and had been a member of the city council. 2. 
Arthur Adams, December 3, 1847, see for- 
ward. 3. Frank Johnson, October 22, 1849, 
died April 28, 1855, at Woburn. 4. Lena, 
March 26, 1852, died June 15, 1854, at Wo- 
burn. 5. Charles Francis, January 23, 1858, 
unmarried, living at Woburn. 6. Freddie, 
October 19, 1863, died January 6, 1869, at 

(IX) Arthur Adams, son of James Leon- 
ard and Luthera (Tay) Fowle, born at Wo- 
burn. December 3. 1847. married. June 12, 

1877, Kate Wallace Munn, born August 9, 
1849. at Woburn. daughter of Charles and 
Eliza Minerva (Kane) Munn. He is manag- 
ing editor of The Boston Globe, one of the 
most influential daily and Sunday newspapers 



in Xew England, which responsible position 
he has held since 1884. Through his journal- 
istic training he has become self-educated and 
self-mastered, and is in fact a self-made man 
in the best sense the term implies. With a 
singular definiteness of purpose he has de- 
voted himself exclusively to the work of assist- 
ing in the building up of the phenominally 
successful newspaper which is his life's source 
of satisfaction and pride, and has lived to see 
it grow from an unprofitable enterprise to the 
position of leadership in circulation and good 
paying business in New England. Mr. Fowle's 
early education was acquired in the public 
schools of Woburn, after leaving which he 
went to learn the trade of a currier, the tan- 
ning and currying of leather being in those 
days, as now, a very important industry in 
New England, praticularly north of Boston, 
with W'oburn a great centre of this industry. 
But the trend of the young man's mind did not 
lead towards a business career, and the currying 
shop proving distasteful to him after six years 
of experience, he turned, instinctively it would 
seem, to newspaper work, beginning on the 
lowest rung of the ladder, as utility man on 
The Woburn Journal, a weekly publication in 
his native town. While engaged on this paper 
he became local reporter for The Boston Globe, 
and his talent in this line being soon recog- 
nized, he was given a position in Boston as 
general reporter. His salary was only the 
modest sum of eight dollars per week, although 
he was then rising to twenty-six years of age, 
but merit and faithfulness were not long in 
bringing their reward, and once begun, his 
promotions followed one another rapidly. 
During the next ten years he occupied succes- 
sively the editorial chair as city editor, day- 
news editor, night-news editor, sporting editor, 
assistant managing editor, and finally the 
highest position in the news department, that 
of managing editor. One of the great achieve- 
ments while a reporter, and which stamped 
him as being endowed with the true newspaper 
instinct, was the obtaining for The Globe ex- 
clusively the confession from Thomas H. 
Piper of his murder of little Mabel Young. 
The sporting department of The Globe was 
organized by Mr. Fowle, and he was credited 
with having been the most successful sporting 
editor that Boston journalism had ever known, 
although he was not a devotee of sports, and 
was only interested in them in connection with 
his newspaper duties. 

Mr. Fowle is quiet and unassuming in his 
manner, and always approachable, and is popu- 

lar with and highly respected by all his co- 1 
workers for his sterling character and the gen- ' 
eral friendliness of his relations with them. 
This was sincerely demonstrated on December 
2, 1897, on the eve of his fiftieth birthday 
anniversary, when the editors and reporters 
of The Globe and other employees tendered 
him a banquet in the parlors of Young's Hotel, 
Boston, on which occasion General Charles H. 
Taylor, editor-in-chief and principal owner of 
the paper, joined heartily with his subordinates 
in paying a remarkable tribute to the worth 
and exceptional success of ^Ir. Fowle in his 
chosen vocation, while at the same time they 
presented him with a substantial token of 
their esteem in the form of a so-called "Klon- 
dike birthday cake," out of which, "when the 
cake was opened," instead of "four and twenty 
blackbirds," as from the pie set before the 
King, there came fifty gilded half eagles incu- 
bated at the mint of Uncle Sam. For' days 
following this event congratulations in letters 
and newspaper editorial expressions poured 
in upon him from all over the country. Mr. 
Fowle is partial to domestic life and has re- 
cently built a dwelling of attractive colonial 
architecture in one of the best sections of 
W'oburn. Here he will pass the remainder of 
his days in comfort and contentment, the re- 
ward of faithfulness to duty well performed. 
He is still in the prime of life and in excellent 
health, and is likely to be the presiding genius 
over the newspaper department of The Globe 
for many years to come. In religion Mr. 
Fowle and family are Unitarians ; he is a 
Democrat in politics, although he has never 
been active or held public office, and belongs 
to no societies or clubs. In his young man- 
hood he was affiliated with the militia as a 
member of the W'oburn Mechanic Phalanx, 
Company G, Fifth Regiment. Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia, from 1869 to 1875. 

Children, born at Woburn: i. Leonard 
J\lunn, July 27, 1878, married, June 10, 1903, 
at Boston, Grace Agnes Cummings, born De- 
cember 16, 1882, at Woburn, daughter of \Vil- 
buT Eustace and Lizzie Katharine (Smith) 
Cummings. He was educated in the Woburn 
public schools, at the Holderness School, 
Plymouth, New Hampshire, and at the jMassa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology in Boston. 
He is now yachting editor of The Boston 
Globe. They have one child, Leonard Munn 
Jr., born February 16, 1904, at Woburn. They 
reside at Marblehead, Massachusetts. 2. 
Donald Adams, May 24, 1889, at Woburn. 
He attended the public schools of Woburn 



for a number of years and is now a student 
at the Rindge Manual Training School, at 
Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

The Gage family is descended 

GAGE from the Norman race. In 1066, 
de Gaga, de Guaga or De Gage, as 
the name is variously spelled, accompanied 
\\"illiam Duke of Normandy in his Conquest 
of England, and was rewarded, according to 
the records of the Domesday Book, by large 
grants of land in the forest of Dean, county 
Gloucester. He resided near that forest and 
built a mansion there in Cirencester, called 
Clerenwell or Clarewell, and his descendants 
lived in that vicinity for centuries, including 
many persons of wealth and some of title. 
The pedigree of the American family is traced 
as far back as John Gage, who was living in 

(H) John (2), son of John (i) Gage, mar- 
ried Eleanor St. Clere. 

(HI) John (3), son of John (2) Gage, 
was knighted in 1454 and died September 30, 

dV) William Esq., heir and son of John 

(3) Gage, was born 1456, married Agnes 

(Y) Sir John (4),. son of William Gage, 
was born 1480, married Phillippa Guildeford, 
and was knighted ]\Iay 22, 1541. He died 
April 28, 1557. 

(VI) Sir Edward, eldest son of Sir John 

(4) Gage, was knighted by Queen INIary ; was 
a man of great wealth; father of fifteen chil- 

(\'II) Thomas, son of Sir Edward Gage, 
had a son John. 

(Mil) John (5), who inherited the estate 
of his grandfather through his uncle, John 
Gage, was made a baronet Alarch 26. 1622: 
married Penelope, widow of Sir George 
Trenchard, and died October 3, 1633, leaving 
nine children. 

(IX) John (6), son of John (5) Gage, 
was the immigrant ancestor. It is generally 
believed that he came from Stoneham, county 
Suffolk, England, though one authority claims 
that he was from Groton in the same county. 
He came tp America in one of W^inthrop's 
companies. According to his deposition made 
in 1659, he was born in 1609, but according 
to another made three years later, he was 
born in 1604. He settled first in Boston, and 
was a member of the church there as early 
as 1630, among the first. He was admitted 
a freeman, March 4, 1633-34. He was one of 

the first settlers of Ipswich, April i, 1633, 
and was dismissed from the Boston church to 
that of Ipswich, September 10, 1643. He was a 
town officer and on the committee on allotments 
of lands at Ipswich. He is called corporal on 
the records of Ipswich in 1639. and sergeant 
on those of Bradford in 1670. In 1664 he 
removed to that part of Rowley which became 
Bradford, and died there ]\Iarch 24, 1672-73. 
His will was proved March 25, 1673, the day 
after his death. He married (first) Anna 

or Amee , who died in June, 1658, at 

Ipswich. He married (second) November, 
1658, Sarah Keyes, widow of Robert Keyes. 
She died in Newbury, July 7, 1681, and her 
estate was divided among her three daughters, 
wives of William Smith, John French and 
Samuel Buswell, by order of the court. John 
Gage deeded a lot of land to his grandson 
John, son of his son, Benjamin Gage, Decem- 
ber 12, 1672, having promised his son Benja- 
min on his marriage to Prudence Leaver, a 
certain gift of land. Children by first wife, 
born in Ipswich: i. Samuel, 1638, married, 
June 16, 1674, Sarah Stickney. 2. Daniel, 
1639, mentioned below. 3. Benjamin, married, 
October 11, 1671, Prudence Leaver. 4. 
Nathaniel, born 1645. 5. Jonatlian, married, 
November 12, 1667, Hester Chandler. 6. 
Josiah, born 1648, married. May 15, 1669, 
Lydia Ladd. 

(X) Daniel, son of John (6) Gage, was 
born in 1639, according to his deposition made 
;\Iarch 29, 1669, that he was aged thirty years. 
He died at Bradford, November 8, 1705. He 
married, May 4, 1675, Sarah Kimball, born 
about 1654, died September 15, 1692, daugh- 
ter of Henry and Mary (Wyatt) Kimball, of 
Wenham. Children, born at Bradford: i. 
Daniel, March 12, 1676, mentioned below. 2. 
John, January i, 1677. 3. Sarah, April 29, 
died August 24, 1679. 4. Samuel, May 9, 
1680. 5. Mary, February i, 1681-82, married 
Samuel Griffin. 6. Mehitable, September 16, 
died November 6, 1683. 7. Lydia, January 
30, 1684-85, married Ebenezer Burbank. 8. 
Sarah, January 4, 1686-87. 9. Abigail, Octo- 
ber 4, 1687, died October 2, 1723. 10. Han- 
nah, February 17, 1690. 

(XI) Daniel (2), son of Daniel (i) Gage, 
was born in Bradford, March 12, 1676, died 
March 14, 1747-48 (gravestone at Bradford). 
He was a member of the North Regiment in 
Esse.x, under Captain Heseltine, of Bradford, 
in 1 710, the company which were appointed 
to keep snowshoes and moccasins. He 
lived in the northwest part of Bradford on 



the banks of the Merrimac river, on what was 
then the main road to Methuen. He owned a 
ferry which was known as Gage's or the Upper 
Ferry. On the place where he Hved stood, at 
last accounts, the oldest house in the town, 
known as the Gage house. He married (first) 
^larch 9, 1697-98, Alartha Burbank, born Feb- 
ruary 22, 1679-80, died September 8, 1741, 
daughter of Caleb and Martha (Smith) Bur- 
bank. He married (second) May 12, 1742, 
Margaret, daughter of Jonathan Harriman, 
and widow of Jonathan Boynton. She mar- 
ried (third) John Stewart. Children of first 
wife, born in Bradford: i. Mehitable, De- 
cember 20, 1698. 2. Josiah, December 3, 1701. 
3. Alartha, April 7, 1703-04, married James 
\Mlson. 4. L)-dia, May 24, 1705. 5. Moses, 
May I, 1706. 6. Daniel, April 22, 1708. 7. 
Sarah, February 19, 1709-10. married. May 
16, 1 73 1, Edmund Hardy. 8. Jemima, Decem- 
ber 2, 171 1, married (first) November 8, 
1733, Richard Kimball Jr.; (second) John 
Webster. 9. Naomi, February 25, 1714-15, 
married, September 22, 1737, David Hall. 
10. Esther, May 15, 1716, married Au- 
gust I, 1739, Jonathan Currier. 11. Amos, 
July 28, 1718, mentioned below. 12. Abigail, 
December 22, 1720, died young. 13. Mary, 
August 31, 1722, married, November 17, 1744, 
Ebenezer Goodhue. 14. Abigail, ]\Iarch 13, 

(NH) Captain Amos, son of Daniel (2) 
Gage, was born in Bradford, July 28, 1718, 
died September 8, 1792. He was captain of 
one of the five companies raised by New 
Hampshire for reinforcing Fort Edward dur- 
ing the French and Indian war, and was sta- 
tioned at No. 4, now Charlestown, New Hamp- 
shire, by order of General W'ebb. He was also 
captain of a company of volunteers which 
marched from Pelham, New Hampshire, Sep- 
tember 29, 1777, and joined the Northern 
army at Saratoga, <luring the revolution. 
He married, December 18, 1740. Mehitable 
Kimball, born November 27. 1721, died Feb- 
ruary 16, 1794, daughter of John and ]\Iar- 
garet (Hutchins) Kimball. Children, born in 
Pelham, New Hampshire: i. Daniel. October 
5, 1 741, died in the French and Indian war. 

2. Elizabeth. December 22, 1743, married 
(first) March 2, 1765, Benjamin Cole; (sec- 
ond) September 10, 1778, Samuel Kimball. 

3. Asa. April 5, 1746. 4. Sarah, August 20, 
1748, married, April 29, 1 79 1, Daniel Barker. 
5. Betsey, 1751, died December 28, 1754. 6. 
Deborah. May 8, 1753, married, March 27, 
1790, Peter Austin. 7. Abel, November 18, 

1755, mentioned below. 8. Amos, August 9, 
1758, in the revolution. 9. Daniel, September 
28, 1 76 1, in the revolution. 

(XIII) Abel, son of Captain Amos Gage, 
was born in Pelham, New Hampshire, Novem- 
ber 18, 1755, the day of the great earthquake, 
and died September 3, 1846. He served as a 
soldier in the revolution in 1776, and received 
a pension for the last twenty-eight years of 
his life. He kept school several seasons in 
diiiferent parts of the town, in private houses. 
He was prominent in town afifairs, an esteemed 
citizen. He was elected selectman for more 
than half the years between thirty and sixty 
of his own age. He held the office of deacon 
of the church for about forty-five years, until 
the infirmities of age forced him to resign. 
It is claimed that he was the first to attempt 
stone quarrying in the country, and was re- 
markably successful, considering his primitive 
methods. The centre meeting house in Dra- 
cut, built about 1782, the present town house 
in Pelham, as it was originally, afford speci- 
mens of his work. He married, January 13, 

1780, Abigail Runnels (see Runnels family). 
She died August 2, 1825, aged seventy. Chil- 
dren, born in Pelham: i. Sarah, January 20, 

1781, married. May 11, 1819, Henry ]\Iarch ; 
died September 8, 1827. 2. Billy Runnels, 
February 20, 1783, mentioned below. 3. Me- 
hitable, January 30, 1785, died February 5, 
1789. 4. Hannah, April 26, 1787. 5. Mehit- 
able, February 5, 1789, died July 31, 1861. 
6. Amos. Alarch 22, 1791, married Celinda 
Hovey. 7. Stephen, August 4, 1792, married, 
December 22, 1818, Olive Bradford; died May 
9, 1834. 8. Deborah, November 21, 1795; 
married (first) April 8, 1823, Joel Butler; 
(second) Seth Cutter Jr., October 23, 1832; 
died .September 14, 1864. 9. Abel, November 
23, 1798, married, December 6, 1826, Anna 
Moody Johnson. 

(XiV) Billy Runnels, son of Abel Gage, 
was born in Pelham, New Hampshire, Febru- 
ary 20, 1783, died March 7, 1837. He resided 
in Londonderry, New Hampshire. He mar- 
ried (first) July 23, 1805, Abigail Hall, of 
Pelham, who died April 19, 1808, aged twenty- 
three years, ten months. He married (second) 
November 11, 1813, Rebecca Wilson, of Pel- 
ham, who died November 30, 1816, aged 
thirty- four. He married (third) Nancy Ander- 
son, of Londonderry, who died August 19, 
1865, aged eighty-one years, ten months. He 
and his three wives are buried in Londonderry 
and gravestones mark their resting place. 
Child of first wife: Caleb, born October 2, 



1806, blacksmith of JManchester. Xew Hamp- 
shire; married Susan Claggett, of London- 
derry, June 25, 1830. By second wife: Charles, 
born March 5, 1815, carpenter of Bedford, 
New Hampshire ; married Mary Newton, of 
Henniker. By third wife: i. \Villiam Wash- 
ington, bom December 30, 1818, dry goods 
merchant of Boston ; married. September 27, 
1846. Sarah W. Griffin. 2. Leander, October 
2, 1820, mentioned below. 3. Abigail, June 
20, 1822, married. May, 1850, Charles Henry 
Hall. 4. Aaron Hard}', November 13, 1824, 
lived in Londonderry; married, May, 1850, 
Hannah Humphrey ; served in the civil war 
and removed to California. 5. John Ander- 
son, June 25, 1827, boot and shoe maker of 
Derry, New Hampshire ; married. May 6, 
185 1, Martha Tenney. 

(XV) Leander, son of Billy Runnels Gage, 
was born October 2, 1820, in Londonderry, 
New Hampshire. He was a boot and shoe 
worker of Braintree, Massachusetts. He mar- 
ried there, June 18, 1844, Mary Denton Allen, 
of Braintree, born January 8, 1824, at East 
Braintree, died April 19, 1903. Leander Gage 
left Braintree about 1872 and was not after- 
ward heard from. Children: i. William 
Leander, born December 20, 1845, mentioned 
below. 2. Richard Allen, April 2, 1848, died 
January 30, 1851. 3. Charles Henry Hall, 
June 28, 1850, died June 9, 1863. 4. Richard 
Allen, July 16, 1852. 5. Elizabeth Denton, 
July 16, 1854, died October 7, 1854. 6. Fred- 
erick Allen, August 15, i8sS, died October 11, 


(XVI) William Leander, son of Leander 
Gage, was born in Braintree, Massachusetts, 
December 20, 1845. He received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of his native town. 
He began his career as a shoe manufacturer 
associated with his father. Later he was clerk 
and superintendent for several large concerns 
in Braintree. At present he is in the office of the 
Fore River Ship-building Company, Quincy. 
He enlisted for three months in the civil war, 
serving in the Forty-second Massachusetts 
Regiment in 1864. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. In religion he is a Christian Scientist. 
He is a member of Grand Army of the Re- 
public, Post No. 87, General Sylvanus Thayer. 
He married. Tune 20, 1876, Mary Ella Burr, 
bom April 15, 1852, daughter of Henry Dor- 
chester and Martha (Packard) Burr, of 
Quincy (see Burr family). Children, born at 
Braintree : i. Bessie May, i\Iay 14, 1877, mar- 
ried Harrv Warren Bond, engaged in the 
First National Bank of Boston as discount 

clerk; child, Marian Bond, born March 14, 
1902. 2. Charles H., July 21. 1878, assistant 
manager of the Fisk rubber works of Chicopee 
Falls, Massachusetts. 3. Nina Belle, January 
18, 1880, married, June 30, 1908, H. Clifton 
Woodsum, manager of the stock-room of the 
Boston Gear \\'orks of Norfolk Downs. 4. 
Henry Chester, February 8, 1883, an elec- 
trician in Hartford, Connecticut. 

(Tlie Burr Line). 

Simon Burr, immigrant ancestor, was born 
in England and settled in Hingham, Alassa- 
chusetts. His wife Rose died June 24, 1647. 
He married (second) November 28, 1648, 

Hester , who died February 3, 1692-93. 

He died February 7, 1691-92, and his son 
Simon was administrator. Children: i. Esther, 
died December 20, 1645. 2. Henry, died Feb- 
ruary 14, 1645. 3. Simon, baptized February 
25, 1654-55. 4. Hannah, baptized February 
25, 1654-55. 5. John, born January 6, 1659. 
6. Jonathan, born June 13, 1665, died in the 
Canadian Expedition of 1690. 

(\'I) Timothy, descendant of Simon Burr, 
was born about 1780. He died at Haverhill, 
Massachusetts. He married Sarah Fairchild. 
Children: i. Samuel. 2. Henry Dorchester, 
mentioned below. 3. Elizabeth. 4. Sarah. 5. 
Charlotte. 6. Mary. 

(VII) Henry Dorchester, son of Timothy 
Burr, was born in Boston, April 27, 1810, died 
March 7, 1893, at Quincy, Massachusetts. He 
was educated in the public schools, was a 
mariner until 1876, had charge of the road 
work in Quincy for a time. He was a Meth- 
odist in religion and a Republican in politics. 
He married Martha Packard, born May 30, 
1818. at Alilton, Maine, died July 4, 1880, at 
Quincy. Children: I. Henry Dorchester, born 
September 24, 1837, married (first) Emily 
Leo; (second) Mary S. McCarthy; child of 
first wife: Herbert Willis; child of second 
wife: Lillian; he resides at Neponset, Massa- 
chusetts. 2. James, October 6, 1839, at Quincy, 
married Elizabeth A. Clapp ; died in 1893 ; 
children: Elmer E., Fred L., George S., 
Mabel. 3. Child, died in infancy. 4. Martha 
A., 1842. 5. Joseph A., 1847, married Jessie 
A. Jollimore, of Brockton. 6. Mary Ella, 
1852. married \\'illiam Leander Gage (see 
Gage family). 7. Ida A., August, 1858, mar- 
ried Walter Rogers, of Marshfield ; child, 
Lena Rogers. 

(The Runnels Line). 

The name Runnels is of Scotch origin, from 
Runnels, meaning a small brook. It has been 



thought by some that the famiUes of Runnels 
or Runnells and Reynolds were the same, but 
they were evidently distinct. ]\Iany branches 
of the family have changed their name to 
Reynolds, but there are none of the Runnels 
name among the Reynolds families. The 
Reynolds family, moreover, is of English origin. 
The only coat-of-arms borne by the Runnels 
family is : Argent masoned sable upon a chief 
indentedof the last, a plate charged with a rose 
gules, barbed and seeded, between two fleur- 
de-lis or. Crest: A fox passant or, holding 
in his mouth a rose, as in the arms slipped and 
leaved vert. Motto: Murus aheneus esto. 
Underneath, Runnells. 

(I) Sergeant Samuel Runnels was born, 
according to family tradition, in 1671, near 
Port Royal, Nova Scotia. The tradition says 
that he and an elder brother escaped from an 
attack of Indians or pirates on their father's 
residence near Halifax, and came in an open 
boat to New England. He resided in Brad- 
ford, Massachusetts, where he owned a farm. 
He also owned land in Boxford, and erected a 
house there, but probably never lived in it. He 
was admitted in full communion in the Brad- 
ford church, November 27, 1709. His will 
was dated March 6, 1744-45- and proved No- 
vember 25, 1745. He died October 27, 1745. 
He married, about 1700, Abigail Middleton, 
who died October 11, 1753. Children: i. 
Stephen, born May 14, 1703, mentioned below. 

2. Samuel, December 17, 1706. 3. John, March 
9, 1 7 ID, died young. 4. John, April 8, 171 1, 
died July 6, 1713. 5. Job, June 18, 1712. 6. 
Sarali, October 31, 1716. 7. Abigail, Novem- 
ber II, 1722. 8. Ebenezer, November 20, 1726. 

(H) Stephen, son of Samuel Runnels, was 
born May 14, 1703, died March 10, 1753. He 
was a cooper by trade and lived in Bradford 
until January 14, 1735-36, when he bought of 
Zachariah Hardy land in Boxford, and settled 
there as a farmer. He married, in 1728, Esther 
Hovey, of Rowley, who married (second) 
Luke'Hovey, of Boxford. Stephen was ad- 
mitted to the Bradford church August 3, 1729. 
Children: i. Stephen, born 1729, mentioned 
below. 2. Martha, 1732, probably died young. 

3. Esther, 1734. 4. Asa, 1737, died young. 5. 
William, January 28, 1740, in Boxford. 6. 
Daniel, September 15, 1742. 

(HI) Stephen (2), son of Stephen (i) 
Runnels, was born in Bradford in 1729, bap- 
tized October 19 of that year, and inherited 
his father's farm in Boxford. Administration 
of his estate was granted his widow Elannah, 
September 23, 1771. He married, April 11, 

1754, Hannah Pearl, of Boxford. Children, 
born in Boxford: i. Abigail, August 21, 1755, 
married Abel Gage (see Gage family). 2. 
Enos, February 20, 1757. 3. Hannah, Novem- 
ber 29, 1758, died young. 4. Eunice, January 

6, 1 761. 5. Billy, January 24, 1763, in the 
revolution, taken prisoner and died, it is sup- 
posed, in a prison ship in New York in 1781, 
aged eighteen. 6. Hannah, December 30, 1764. 

7. Phebe, December 8, 1766. 8. Esther, Sep- 
tember, 1768, died March 2, 1789. 9. Sarah, 
November, 1770, died August i, 1789. 

John Russell, immigrant an- 
RUSSELL cestor, came to New England 
and settled first at Cambridge, 
where he was a proprietor in 1635. He was 
admitted a freeman, March 3, 1635-36, and 
was a town officer, and clerk of the writs. He 
was a subscriber to the orders drawn up for 
the town of Woburn, at Charlestown, in 1640, 
and was one of the first settlers of Woburn. 
Pie was a proprietor there in 1640. He was 
selectman of Woburn several years, and in 
1644 was appointed on a committee for dis- 
tribution of land. He was deacon of the 
church, but afterwards became a Baptist, and 
about 1669-70 was admitted to the Baptist 
church of Boston, which at that time met for 
worship at Noddle's Island. He was later 
chosen elder of this church. For his change 
of faith he was summoned before the court 
at Charlestown in 1671 and sent to prison, but 
was soon released. He died June i, 1676. His 
will was dated May 27, 1676. He married 

(first) Elizabeth , who died December 

16, 1644. He married (second) May 13, 1645, 
Elizabeth Baker, who died January 17, 1689- 
Qo. Children: i. Samuel. 2. John, mentioned 
below. 3. Mary, married, December 21, 1659, 
Timothy Brooks. 

(11) John (2), son of John (i) Russell, 
was born about 1640 and died December 21, 
1680. He settled first in Woburn and removed 
to Boston, where he was ordained to succeed 
Elder Gould as minister of the Baptist church, 
July 28, 1679. During the short period he 
was in office, he wrote a treatise in answer to 
some harsh reflections in a publication by Rev. 
Dr. Increase Mather, asserting "The Divine 
Right of Infant Baptism." The answer was 
entitled "A Brief Narrative of some consider- 
able passages concerning the First Gathering 
and Further Prqgress of a Church of Christ 
in Gospel Order, in Boston, in New England, 
Etc." It was dated in Boston, May 20, 1680, 
and sent to London for publication. He mar- 



ried, October 31, 1661, Sarah Champney, 
daughter of John Champney, of Cambridge. 
She died at Woburn.. April 25, 1696. He is 
buried in King's Chapel burying ground, Bos- 
ton. Children: I. John, born August i, 1662, 
died July 26, 1717; married, December 21, 
1682, Elizabeth Palmer. 2. Joseph, January 
15, 1663-64, mentioned below. 3. Samuel, 
February 3, 1667-68, died December i, 1668. 

4. Sarah, February 10, 1670-71. 5. Elizabeth, 
February 19, 1672-73, died June 5, 1743," mar- 
ried Pierce. 6. Jonathan, August 6, 

1675, died June 20, 1708. 7. Thomas, January 

5, 1677-78. 8. Ruth. 

(III) Joseph, son of John (2) Russell, was 
born at ^^'oburn, January 15, 1663-64, died at 
Boston, ]\Iarch 13, 1713-14. He married Alary 

, who died Alarch 28, 171 5. Both are 

buried in King's Chapel burying ground in 
Boston. Children: i. Joseph, born December 
12, 1687. 2. Hilary. 3. Abigail. 4. Sarah, 
married Wakefield. 5. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Joseph Hiller. 6. ]\Iehitable. 7. Thomas, 
born July 11, 1705, mentioned below. 8. Skin- 
ner, diecl in Boston, June, 1752. 9. Jonathan. 

(IV) Thomas, son of Joseph Russell, was 
born July 11, 1705, died September i, 1760. 
He married (first) Elizabeth Condy, daughter 
of Jeremiah Condy, and sister of Rev. Jere- 
miah Condy. She was a well educated woman 
and possessed many accomplishments of the 
day. She constructed curious pictures of fili- 
gree work, also wax flowers and fruit of rare 
beauty. Her embroidery attracted much atten- 
tion, as did also a white Holland bed-spread 
that she made. While Boston was held by the 
British in the war of the revolution, soldiers 
were admitted to the house and ruined the 
spread with bloodstains. They also carried 
off her finest piece of embroidery, into which 
slie had wrought gold and silver threads. In 
1878 a white silk apron embroidered by her, 
1710-20, had a prominent place in a loan ex- 
hibition in aid of the Society of Decorative 
Art in New York. A sampler of Miss Eliza- 
beth Russell, her only daughter, 1775-1776, is 
still preserved. Thomas Russell married (sec- 
ond) Honora Loud, who married (second) 
Deacon Philip Freeman. He is buried in 
King's Chapel burying ground. Children: i. 
Thomas, died 1752. 2. Joseph, born October 
2, 1732. died May 18, 1792; married (first) 
Mary Checkly ; (second) Amey Hopkins: 
(third) Ann Frances Lippitt. 3. Jeremiah 
Condy, died August 30, 1759. 4- John, born 
April 12, 1737, died July 8, 1813: married, 
October 15, 1761, Martha Martin. 5. William, 

born September 12, 1739, died unmarried Feb- 
ruary ID, 1825. 6. Jonathan, mentioned below. 
Children of second wife: 7. Elizabeth, born- 
April 15, 1757, married, November 20, 1777, 
Dr. Solomon Drowne. 8. Thomas, born Sep- 
tember 8, 1758, died February 19, 1801 ; mar- 
ried, November 29, 1783, Ann Handy. 

(V) Jonathan, son of Thomas Russell, was 
born in 1741 and died February 17, 1788. He 
was a merchant in Providence, engaged in the 
importation of merchandise from London and 
the West Indies. His advertisements appear 
in the Providence Gasette of the period, his 
place of business being on the west side of the 
Great Bridge. During the revolution his busi- 
ness was broken up by the closing of the port. 
Lie then removed to Mendon, Massachusetts, 
where he died. He married, January 5, 1769, 
Abigail Russell, born November 24, 1737, 
daughter of James and Abigail (Lovett) Rus- 
sell, of Llolliston, A'lassachusetts. Children: 
I. James, born October 31, 1769, died 1795; 
married Hannah Sherman. 2. Jonathan, Feb- 
ruary 27, 1771, mentioned below. 3. Abigail, 
November 25, 1772, died August 12, 1854; 
married Otis Ammidon, August 21, 1799. 4. 
Joseph Warren, February 6, 1775, died young. 
5. Mary, August 5, 1778, died January 8, 1832; 
married, August 23, 1800, Liberty Bates. 6. 
Llenry, August 27, 1785, died May 21, 1863. 

(VI) Hon. Jonathan (2), son of Jonathan 
(i) Russell, was born in Providence, February 
27, 1771, died at Milton, Massachusetts, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1832. He graduated at Rhode Island 
College, (now Brown University) in 1791 
with the highest honors of his class. He 
studied for the law but embarked in com- 
mercial pursuits instead of practicing his pro- 
fession. He took great interest in politics and 
in 1810 acted as Charge d'Affaires at Paris. The 
following year he went to England in the same 
capacity: was temporary minister when Mr. 
John Ouincy Adams went for a time to Amer- 
ica. The notification of the declaration of war 
against Great Britain devolved upon him in 
his official capacity. On January 18, 18 14, he 
was appointed one of the commissioners to 
negotiate and conclude a treaty of peace with 
Great Britain at Ghent. At this time he was 
made minister plenipotentiary to Sweden, and 
went to Stockholm where he remained until 
October 16, 1818. Upon his return to America, 
he settled at Mendon, Massachusetts, and was 
soon afterward elected to congress, serving from 
1821 to 1825. He was a member of the conven- 
tion to revise the laws of Massachusetts in 1820. 
He was said to have been "a versatile, forcible. 


elegant and facile writer, and when the sub- 
ject permitted, handled his pen with a caustic 
severity seldom surpassed." He left no printed 
evidence of his literary ability aside from his 
foreign correspondence, except an oration de- 
livered in Providence of July 4, 1800; an elo- 
quent tribute to the memory of Nathan Hey- 
wood, a classmate, and a few other addresses. 
The oration mentioned has been used by gen- 
erations of American boys for school declama- 
tion, and has been printed within a few years 
in the Providence Journal. He married (first) 
April 3, 1794, Sylvia Amidon, who died July 
10, 181 1. He married (second) at Boston, 
April 2, 1817, Lydia Smith, daughter of Bar- 
ney and Ann (Otis) Smith. She lived several 
years with her brother abroad, and attended 
Madame Campan's school at St. Germaine, 
France. She was skilled in drawing and re- 
ceived a gold medal from Napoleon I in 1807 
for the best copied drawings. The medal and 
drawings are still in the possession of the 
family. In London she painted under West, 
who gave her his pallette of colors, and this, 
with drawings given her by Horace Vernet, 
are still preserved. She died at Milton, De- 
cember 20, 1859. Children of first wife: i. 
Amelia E., born January 3, 1798. 2. George 
Robert, May 5, 1800, mentioned below. 3. 
Caroline A., June 17, 1805, died April 8, 1879; 
married (first) October 20, 1829, Jazariah 
Ford; (second) June 24, 1842, Francis Taft. 
4. Anna Matilda, January 21, 1808, died April 
14, 1834; married, June 12, 1833, Philip Am- 
midon. Children of second wife : 5. Ida, born 
April 10, 1818, at Stockholm, Sweden, died in 
Milton, February 20, 1855. 6. Geraldine I., 
Mendon, December 20, 1819, married (first) 
October 8. 1839, George Rivers; (second) 
June 22, 1858, George Bruce Upton. 7. Rosalie 
"G., IMendon. July 10, 1822, died February 2, 
1897. 8. Jonathan, Mendon, September 10. 
1825, died September 25, 1875, unmarried; 
graduated at Harvard, 1845; was American 
consul at Manila several years. 

(VII) George Robert, son of Hon. Jona- 
than (2) Russell, was born May 5. 1800, died 
at Manchester, Massachusetts, August 5. 1866. 
Fle graduated at Brown University in 1821, 
and studied law in Philadelphia, returning to 
Providence to practice his profession which, 
however, he soon abandoned. He went to 
Lima, South America ; thence to China and 
Manila, where he founded the house of Russell 
& Sturgis. which soon became one of the great- 
est commercial houses in the east. Return- 
ing, he resided in West Roxbiirv, and after- 

wards removed to Jamaica Plain. He made a 
trip to Europe on account of ill health, and 
on his return resided in Boston. In 1849 he 
delivered the oration before the Phi Beta 
Kappa Society of Brown, his subject being 
"Commerce." It was said of the oration 
"Never have we listened to an oration which 
was more faithful to its subject, and united 
more manly sense and practical knowledge, 
with accurate learning, pointed wit, and fin- 
ished composition." He delivered other ora- 
tions which made an equally good impression. 
At the Commencement of Brown University 
in 1S49 he received the degree of LL. D. In 
January, 1857, he was chosen a resident mem- 
ber of the ]\Iassachusetts Historical Society. 
He married, December i, 1835, Sarah Park- 
man Shaw, daughter of Robert G. Shaw, of 
Boston. Children: i. Elizabeth, born at La 
Boissiere, near Geneva. Switzerland, Novem- 
ber 2, 1836, married. November 28. 1856, 
Theodore Lyman. 2. Henry Sturgis, June 21, 
1838, mentioned below. 3. Anna, W^est Rox- 
bury, April 23, 1840, died December 22, 1873; 
married, November 15, i860. Professor Alex- 
ander Agassiz. (See sketch of Agassiz 
family). 4. Emily, January 26, 1843, married, 
January 19, 1874, Charles Lawrence Peirson. 
5. IMarian, November 14, 1846. 6. Robert 
Shaw, June 10, 1850, married Margaret P. 
Curtis. 7. Sarah, September 22, 1851, mar- 
ried James Barr Ames, dean of Harvard Law 

(VHI) General Henry Sturgis, son of Hon. 
George Robert Russell, was born on Savin Hill, 
Dorchester, June 21, 1838, died in Boston, 
February 16, 1905. He attended several 
schools during his youth, and later studied 
several years at the private school of Mr. E. S. 
Dixwell, whence in 1856 he went to Harvard 
College and graduated in i860. In 1861 he 
was in the office of William Perkins, a Boston 
merchant. At the opening of the civil war he 
joined the Fourth Battalion and went with it 
to Fort Independence, in Boston harbor. There, 
for a month, he was thoroughly drilled by 
General Thomas G. Stevenson. He went into 
active service as first lieutenant in the Second 
i\Iassachusetts Volunteer Infantry, I\Iay 28. 
1 86 1. He was assigned a company December 
31, 1861, and his first serious engagement was 
at Cedar Mountain. When the regiment was 
ordered to retreat, he performed an act of 
loyalty to his friend. Lieutenant Colonel Sav- 
age, which was afterwards thus narrated by 
Governor .Andrews: "I know of no incident 
of more perfect, of more heroic gentility, be- 



speaking a noble nature, than the act per- 
formed by one Captain of the 2ncl Alassachu- 
setts, * * * who. standing by the side of 
Lieutenant Colonel Savage * * * fatally 
wounded, not believed by the enemy to be 
worth the saving, refused to surrender until 
he had wrung from the enemy the pledge that 
they would, in capturing him, save also his 
comrade and bear him back to the nearest 
hospital; declaring that, if they did not, he, 
single-handed and alone, would fight it out, 
and sell his life at the dearest cost." Colonel 
Savage died of his wounds a few days after- 
wards, and Russell was confined in Libby 
Prison. He was liberated November 15, 1862, 
and on January 22, 1863, was made lieutenant 
colonel of the Second Massachusetts Cavalry. 
On April 5, 1864, he was made colonel of the 
Fifth Massachusetts Cavalry, a negro regi- 
ment. It was a position which was then not 
very desirable, but he accepted it. Between 
him and his cousin. Colonel Robert G. Shaw, 
there had been a close friendship. Shaw's 
death had just occurred at Fort Wagner lead- 
ing a charge at the head of his negro regiment, 
and Colonel Russell said, in taking his new com- 
mand : ''Bob would have liked to have me do 
it.'" At the head of his regiment on June 15, 
1864, before Petersburg, Colonel Russell re- 
ceived his first wound, a severe one ; he also 
received special commendation from General 
Grant, which led a year later to his brevet as 
brigadier-general of volunteers "for distin- 
guished gallantry and good conduct." 

In February, 1865, by reason of illness in 
his family, he left the army, and entered the 
firm of his father-in-law, where he remained 
three years. Xot having a taste for business 
pursuits, he established at West Roxbury the 
famous Home Farm, and two years later 
he removed to his handsome estate, midway 
between Milton Hill and the Blue Hills, where 
he passed the remainder of life. He built fine 
stables, and kept some of the most famous 
trotting stallions in the country, notably among 
whom were Fearnaught, Smuggler and Edge- 
mark. Later he turned his attention to Jersey 

In 1878 he was appointed chairman of the 
Boston police commissioners. The board had 
been managed by an alderman ic committee, 
and had sunk into a pitiable condition. For 
two years he toiled hard, and brought the force 
into fine shape. Then he resigned and re- 
turned to his farm. On January 14. 1895, 
Mayor Curtis appointed him fire commissioner 
of Boston. This was a single-headed com- 

mission, the commission having the privilege 
of appointing two deputies and a secretary. 
This Colonel Russell never did. It was a 
long and arduous work to bring the depart- 
ment up to his ideal, but he left it undoubtedly 
the best organized and the most efficient fire 
department in the country. "At the beginning 
the politicians came with their usual demands 
for influence, but cjuickly learned that they 
had absolutely none ! Shocked and angry at 
so "un-American' condition, they would fain 
have ejected the colonel, but they found him 
evenly indiflferent to threats, gallantly backed 
by the powerful insurance interests, and 
attending to business as if politicians did not 
exist. In time they appreciated the situation, 
and ceased from troubling ; and no mayor of 
either party ever disturbed the fire commis- 
sioner. \\'ith his subalterns he was popular; 
and even with the rank and file, for though 
very rigid and a strict disciplinarian, he was 
not a martinet. During his term, he made 
short work of disquieting agitation concerning 
hours and pay which meddlesome politicians 
sought to stir; yet his men, proud of being 
parts of so fine an organization as he had 
created, did not audibly murmer. He was a 
strong commander and he reaped the fruits 
of it." He held the office up to the time of 
his death. His funeral was, at his own request, 
closely private, and the burial was in the 
Milton cemetery. Colonel Russell held the 
following offices also: Director of Chicago, 
Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company; 
president of Continental (Bell) Telephone 
Company; member of school committee, board 
of assessors, park commission, selectman of 
Milton, trustee of Westborough Insane 
Asvlum ; of Perkins Institute for the Blind ; 
of the Massachusetts Homeopathic Hospital; 
president of Bay State Agricultural Company ; 
trustee of Massachusetts Society for Promot- 
ing Agriculture ; member of the Massachu- 
setts Republican State Committee ; president 
of the Second Massachusetts Cavalry Asso- 
ciation ; member of the Loyal Legion. 

Colonel Russell's convictions were strong 
and definite, and his judgment positive; he 
gave the impression of reserved force. He 
was modest, yet conscious of his power, con- 
sequently self-reliant. Fear of any sort was 
utterly absent in his make-up; but he was 
affectionate by nature, loyal and kindly. He 
was domestic in his tastes, and loved his fire- 
side. Without being imperious, he was always 
thoroughly the master of his soldiers, his 
policemen, his firemen, and his employees. 



He married, ^lay 26. 1863, Alary Hathaway 
Forbes, of Milton, daughter of Hon. John 'SI. 
Forbes. Children: i. James Savage, born 
March 8, 1864, mentioned below. 2. Ellen 
Forbes, ]\Iilton, October 30, 1865, educated in 
private schools in Milton and at Chestnut Hill, 
Pennsylvania, and passed the entrance exami- 
nations to Radcliffe College : married, Novem- 
ber 15, 1894, Edward Williams Atkinson ; chil- 
dren : i. Edward Atkinson, born October, 
1897; ii. Henry Russell Atkinson, born De- 
cember 12, 1899; iii, Mary Forbes Atkinson. 

3. Mary Forbes, April 28, 1870, educated in 
private schools in jMilton and Boston : married, 
in 1889, Copley Amory ; children: i. Copley 
Amory Jr., born November 2, 1890; ii. Henry 
Russell Amory, born October 25, 1892; iii. 
John Forbes Amory, born March 8, 1896; 
iv. Walter Amory, born June 13, 1899; v. 
Thomas Chace Amory, born November 30, 
1907 : vi. Katherine Amory, born April 7, 1908. 

4. Margaret, June 24, 1871, died in infancy. 

5. Howland Shaw, January 27, 1873, men- 
tioned below. 6. Anna, August 29, 1875, edu- 
cated in private schools in Milton and Boston 
and passed the exminations for Radcliffe Col- 
lege ; married, 1896, Harrison Otis Apthorp, 
head master of ]\Iilton Academy; children: i. 
Harrison Otis Apthorp Jr., born October i, 
1897 ; ii. Sarah Forbes Apthorp. born j\Iay 10, 

(IX) James Savage, son of Henry Sturgis 
Russell, was born in Milton, March 8, 1864. 
He attended private schools in Milton and 
Boston, and entered Harvard College, from 
which he was graduated in the class of 1887 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He was 
a clerk for six years in the banking house of 
Lee, Higginson & Company. Since then he 
has been a real estate broker with offices in 
Boston. In politics he is a Republican ; in 
religion a Unitarian. He is a member of 
Country Club of Brookline, Athletic, Ex- 
change and City of Boston and Milton clubs. 
He married. May 21, 1902, Emily Tyson Perry, 
daughter of Rev. James DeWolf and Eliza- 
beth (Tyson) Perry, of Germantown, Penn- 
sylvania. Children, born at ]\Iilton : i. Eliza- 
beth Tyson, born January 3, 1904. 2. George 
Robert, December 12, 1905. 

(IX) Howland Shaw, son of Henry Sturgis 
Russell, was born in ]\Iilton, January 27, 1873, 
He attended private schools in Milton and 
Boston and entered Harvard College in which 
he was a student for two years. He is a broker 
with offices in Boston. Since February, 1907, 
he has resided in California on a ranch. In 

politics he is a Republican ; in religion a Uni- 
tarian. He is a member of Milton Club and 
Eastern Yacht Club. He married, June i, 
1904, Catherine S. Thayer, born November 2, 
1883, daughter of Eugene Van Rensselaer 
and Susan (Spring) Thayer, of Lancaster 
and Boston ; child, Henry Sturgis, born Feb- 
ruary 24, 1905. 

\\'illiam Stockwell, immi- 
STOCK\\'ELL grant ancestor, was born 

in England, about 1650. 
The family tradition has it that he was enticed 
on board a ship when a young lad, and follow- 
ed the sea after serving his apprenticeship in 
the old-fashioned way. He finally made his 
home in Ipswich, but his seafaring life prob- 
ably explains the absence of records there. It 
is said that he was born in Scotland, but the 
name is unquestionably English, and there 
was another family of Stockwells in Massa- 
chusetts before he came. William Stockwell 
had a seat in the meeting house at Ipswich in 
1700. He seems to have been in Sutton for 
several years from 1720 to 1731 or later, but 
where he died is unknown. His son William 
used the "Junior" as late as 1731, when he 
sold land to \\'illiam Severy in Sutton. He 
sold ten parcels of land, according to the rec- 
ords, between 1731 and 1769. The only two 
deeds in \\'orcester county given by the immi- 
grant appear to be those dated October 19, 
1720-1, but his wife's name was Mary Stock- 
well, which was the name of his son William's 
wife. This \Mlliam Stockwell sold land seven 
rods wide and one hundred and six rods long 
to John Lill)-, adjoining land of John Sibley, 
Jonathan King, Ebenezer Stearns and Samuel 
Bisco. He sold land also in March, 1722-3, to 
John Sibley, of Sutton, one and a-quarter acres. 
The first deed of William Stockwell Jr., 
according to Worcester records, vv'as dated 
.\pril 5, 1727, acknowledged 1731, conveying 
land on Crooked pond between land of Benja- 
min Alarsh and land of William Stockwell to 
^Mlliam Severy. He deeded more land in 
1729. William married, at Ipswich, April 14, 
1685, Sarah Lambert, His children included 
five sons, who all settled in Sutton, and he 
probably with them. Children: i. William, 
born about 1686, married Mary ; set- 
tled in Sutton. 2. Captain John, born about 
1687, married, 1717, Mary Lombard. 3. Jon- 
athan, married December 26, 1726; had Ste- 
phen, et al. 5. David, mentioned below. 

( II ) David, son of William Stockwell, was 
born in New England, and married ]\Iarcy 



. His will was dated May 10 and 

proved August iS, 1743. He lived in Sutton, 
where seven of his children are recorded. 
Clfildren: i. Jeremiah, baptized May 9, 1731 ; 
married, November 27, 175 1, Mary Cutler. 2. 
Joseph (twin), baptized May 9, 1731. 3. 
Ephraim, born October 16, 1733; mentioned 
below. 4. Mary, baptized September 7, 1735. 
5. John, baptized November 13, 1737. 6. 
Mercy. 7. Martha. S. Jemima. 9. .Abigail. 
10. Evens, baptized September 6, 1742. 11. 
David, baptized May 14, 1750. 

(HI) Ephraim, son of David Stockwell, 
was born at Sutton, Massachusetts, October 
16, 1733. He removed from Sutton to Peters- 
ham, Worcester county, Massachusetts. He 
bought a farm at Athol, June 26, 1760, of 
Lydia Moore, widow of Increase Moore, of 
Athol (Pequoige). He bought land later at 
Athol of Silas Conant in 1792, and Daniel 
Duncan Jr. in 1793. He was a soldier in the 
revolution, lieutenant in Captain Ichabod Dex- 
ter's company. Colonel Doolittle"s regiment, on 
the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775; also 
first lieutenant in Captain John Oliver's com- 
pany. Colonel' Nathan Sparhawk's regiment 
(seventh) in 1776, commissioned April 5, 
1776; also captain of Twelfth company. Col- 
onel Sparhawk's regiment (Seventh Wor- 
cester county), commissioned December 10, 
1776; also captain in Colonel Job Cushing's 
regiment in 1777, sent to reinforce General 
Stark to the northw-ard. He deeded part of 
his land to his son Ziba. He died at Phillips- 
ton, ^Massachusetts, where he spent his last 
years, July 13, 1802, aged sixty-eight years. 
He married, at Petersham (intention dated 
November 8, 1757) Sarah Grout, who died at 
Phillipston, October 27, 181 7, aged seventy- 
nine years. His will, dated April 30, 1802, 
filed August 3, 1802, bequeathed to w'ife Sarah 
and children. Children, born at Athol: i. 
Jesse. 2. Ziba, died January 7, 1849, at 
Phillipston, aged eighty-six years five months 
six days. 3. Lois, married at Petersham (in- 
tention ]\Iarch 17, 1791) Joshua Sprague. 4. 
Phebe, married, January 14, 1792, William 
How'C. 5. Josiah, mentioned below. 

fIV) Josiah, son of Ephraim Stockwell, 
was born at Athol, October 14, 1775, and 
died at Phillipston, in 1853. His father left 
him fifty acres of land in Gerry (Phillipston) 
bought of Silas Conant, with house and barn, 
his then homestead, on condition that he pay 
his mother S233.33. Josiah bought fifty acres 
of land at Phillipston, December 22, 1812, of 
John Parker, of Lexington. He had already 

moved to that town, adjacent to Athol. He 
also bought land November 8, 1821, on the 
west side of the county road, of James Oliver 
and Luther Smith. His will was dated Janu- 
ary 5, 1850, with a codicil dated April 15, 
1850, and allowed October 4, 1853. He mar- 
ried, at Phillipston (first) Polly Moore, who 
died December 24, 1818; (second) (intention 
dated July 4, 1819), at Worcester, Isabella 
Doty. Children, born at Phillipston (where 
dates are given) : i. Cyrus, September 16, 
1797: mentioned below. 2. Hannah, Novem- 
ber 7, 1799: died before her father; married 
Bigelow. 3. Elvira, February 2, 1802. 

4. Elmer, December 31. 1803, not mentioned in 
will. 5. Leander. February 9, 1806. 6. Syl- 
vester, September 20, 1808. 7. Harriet, No- 
vember I, 1810; married Jones. 8. 

Mary Roxana, October 5, 1812; married 

Skinner. 9. Sophia Angela, October 

19, 1814: married Clapp. Children of 

second wife: 10. Isabella. 11. Josiah B. 12. 

(V) Cyrus, son of Josiah Stockwell, was 
born in Phillipston, September 16, 1797, and 
died October 13, 1845, before his father. When 
a young man he lived in Hardwick, Worcester 
county, and in May, 1818, established a line 
of mail stages between Worcester and North- 
ampton, the first to pass through Hardwick 
and various other towns along the route. He 
kept a tavern in Hardwick in 1822-23, and 
then moved to Worcester, where he was en- 
gaged in the same line of business until his 
death. He kept a hotel in St. John, New 
Brunswick, also for a few years. He married, 
April 22, 1821, Elmira Nickerson, of Wor- 
cester, who died March 20, 1826, aged twenty- 
five ; (second) May 21, 1827, Maria Blair, 
who died May 25, 1889. Children, born at 
Worcester: i. Adeline, March 17, 1822, died 
December 23, 1875; married, at Worcester, 
April 3, 1845. .Alexander Bigelow. 2. Stephen 
N., .August 31, 1823; mentioned below. 3. 
Elmira, March 12, 1826. Children of second 
wife: 4. James C. born September 5, 1828. 

5. Charles Blair, .April 21, 1832. 6. Maria B., 
January 9, 1840. 7. Henrietta, August i, 


(V'l) Stephen Nickerson. son of Cyrus 
Stockwell, was born in Hardwick, August 31, 
1823. and died April 8, 1881, in Boston. When 
only a few months old he removed with his 
family to Worcester, and there spent his youth 
with e.xception of a short stay at St. John, 
New Brunswick. He learned the trade of 
printer in the office of the Worcester S/'v, later 



with the Boston Journal, and was connected 
with that newspaper in various positions all 
his active life. "His professional career," 
said The Journal editorially, "covered a term 
of nearly forty years, and with the exception 
of brief periods of rest he labored with great 
zeal in the field which he had chosen. From 
compositor in his youth to the editorial chair, 
he has filled nearly every intermediate position 
with rare ability and unsurpassed fidelity. He 
may almost be said to have originated many 
departments of a daily newspaper, for his 
development of v^^hatever task was assigned 
to him was one of his prominent character- 
istics. His interest in public affairs was always 
marked by an intelligent appreciation of pass- 
ing events. In the house of representatives 
and state senate, in the common council, and 
as one of the overseers of the state prison, and 
in many other positions of religious and poli- 
tical trust, he performed his work so thoroughly 
that he won the esteem of his associates. He 
was one of the founders of the Highland 
Church on Parker street, contributing gener- 
ously to build the edifice, and devoting a large 
measure of time and energy to imparting 
vitality to the young society. In the promo- 
tion of Sunday schools he gave of his 
time and influence, while the aid given by him 
to many educational institutions in the west 
will be missed by the recipients of his bounty. 
Nowhere, however, will our friend and asso- 
ciate be more severely missed than in his 
family circle, which has lost a faithful and 
tender husband and kind father. It was his 
home which had the greatest attraction for 
him and the welfare of those he loved was 
nearest his heart. His whole life has been 
one of duty and we who know him best bear 
willing testimony to his conscientious dis- 
charge of every responsibility which devolved 
upon him. So noble an attitude as his when 
the hand of disease rested heavily upon him 
and when the inevitable end approached was 
only possible to one who had led an exemplary 
and Christian life." 

His usefulness and ceaseless labor in behalf 
of The Journal induced the late Major Rogers 
to make him one of the corporators when a spec- 
ial act for the incorporation of that paper was 
secured. During the last two years of his life, 
his health failed, but still he gave to his work 
such measure of strength as he possessed until 
February before he died. He then retired, as 
he fondly hoped, and was confidentlv expected 
by his associates to regain his health by much- 
needed rest. But he failed rapidly and died 

early in April, at his home in Hillside, Roxbury. 
The Boston newspapers, on the following day, 
published this expression of sentiment: "The 
representatives of the press of Boston desire 
to express their deep sense of bereavement in 
the death of Stephen N. Stockwell, late one 
of the editors of the Boston Journal, and to 
place on record their appreciation of his hon- 
orable professional labors and their respect 
for his blameless life. They recognize espec- 
ially the zeal and fidelity which he displayed 
in all the varied branches of his calling, his 
quick intelligence and great industry, his clear- 
ness of judgment, disinterestedness of prin- 
ciple in respect to all public interests. In the 
larger relations of life, he avoided no respon- 
sibilities and shirked no labor. He fulfilled 
every trust with consistent fidelity and was 
thoughtful and generous in the performance 
of every duty. The heartfelt sympathy of his 
business associates and friends is heartily ex- 
tended to his afflicted family." 

He married. December 21, 1848, Anna B. 
]\Ierritt, born January 15, 1822. in Scituate, 
Massachusetts, daughter of Nehemiah and 
Anna (Brown) Merritt, died April 20, 1872. 
He married (second) Alartha E. Webb, born 
^larch 26, 1840, in Newcastle, ]\Iaine, daugh- 
ter of Luther and Eliza ( Alontgomery) Webb. 
His widow survives him, and is living in Bos- 
ton. Children of first wife: i. Anna E., born 
July 30. 1850; died August 12, 1895: married, 
October, 1872, George W. Basford. 2. Elmira 
N., born December 8, 1852; married (first) 
]May, 1873, ^Villiam F. Duncan; (second) 
December, 1891, John E. Jacobs; she died 
April 28, 1908. 3. Amelia W., born Decem- 
ber 27, 1855; unmarried. 4. George S., born 
October 11, 1858; lives in Boston; unmarried. 
3. Adeline L.. born September 23, 1861 ; mar- 
ried. September 29, 1882, Moses H. Day. 
Children of second wife: 6. Marie L., born 
June 7, 1875. 7. .-Mice \\'., February 2, 1881. 

Richard Truesdell. the 
TRUESDELL first of this family in 

America, was born in 
Boston, England, and came as a servant in 
the employ of Rev. John Cotton, of Boston. 
The name is spelled variously even at the pres- 
ent time. We find Truesdale, Trusdall, Trues- 
dall. Trusdel, Trusdell, Trusedale, Trusedell 
and other spellings of the same old English 
surname, originally a place name. Truesdell 
was admitted to the church at Boston, July 27, 
1634, and a freeman, March 4, 1634-35. He 
was a butcher by trade. He was a prominent 



citizen and became deacon of the Boston 
church. According to his own deposition 
dated January 28, 1670, his age was then 
sixty-four years. He was one of those who 
revolted at the "disingenuous management by 
which Davenport was brought from New 
Haven to be the minister" and he was one 
of the founders of the Third or Old South 
Church. In 1639 he was a juror in the in- 
quest on the death of Peter Pitcher, a suicide : 
later on the jury that tried Hugh Bennett for 
heresy. His will was dated September 9, 1669, 
and orally amended before his death; proved 
January, 1671-72. He bequeathed to his wife 
Alarv: to cousins (meaning nephews and 
nieces as we now use the word) Samuel, Re- 
becca, Thomas and Richard Truesdell ; to kins- 
man \Villiam Gilbert : to ]\Ir. Cotton's three 
children : Seaborn, John and ]\Iaria Mather. 
Pie had no surviving children. Plis widow in 
her will proved November 26, 1674, bequeath- 
ed to the same persons and also Rebecca Gil- 
bert, wife of her cousm William Gilbert and 
her son William Gilbert Jr. ; to cousin William 
Emblin ; to brother John Hood's two children ; 
to Mr. Thomas Thatcher and to the first and 
third churches of Boston. 

(IP) Samuel, nephew of Deacon Richard 
Truesdell, was born 1644-45, perhaps in Eng- 
land. He, his sister Rebecca, and brothers 
Thomas and Richard Truesdell. seem to have 
been in the care of their uncle and it is not 
known that their father ever came to this 
country. He received fifty pounds in his 
uncle's will. He settled in Cambridge and was 
admitted a freeman in 1685. His home was 
on the south side of Charles river in what was 
then Cambridge \lllage, now Newton, and he 
was one of the active supporters of the move- 
ment for separation from Cambridge. He 
was one of the signers of the secession from 
the first church of Boston in 1678 and became 
a member of the third church. He married 
(■first) Mary Jackson, daughter of John Jack- 
son Sr. : (second) Elizabeth (Hammond) 
Woodward, daughter of Thomas Hammond 
Sr. and widow of George Woodward, of 
Watertown. His will mentions a third wife 
Mary, and children : Samuel, Thomas, Ebe- 
nezer, Mary, Mindwell, Rebecca and Experi- 
ence. His estate appraised at two hundred 
and twenty-six pounds, six shillings, six pence ; 
the homestead containing one hundred and 
twenty acres. Children: I. Richard, born 
July 16, 1672, married, 1697, i\Iary Fairbank. 
2. Alary, November 3, 1673, married ■ 

Foote. 3. Samuel, October 13, 1675, married 
Elizabeth Hammond, daughter of Nathaniel 
Sr. 4. Mindwell, August 31, 1676. 5. Re- 
becca, March 25, 1678. 6. Experience. 7. 
Thomas, April 27, 1682, married, 1739, Eliza- 
beth Segar. 

(IIP) Ebenezer, son of Samuel Truesdell, 
was born in Newton, Massachusetts, about 
1685. He joined the stream of emigration 
from Roxbury and his native town to New 
Roxbury, Connecticut, then Massachusetts, 
now a section of Windham county. After a 
short residence at Ouinebaug Valley, he bought 
land and a house of Thomas Goodell in the 
southwest part of the "Purchase," later Pom- 
fret, Connecticut, now in Abington. about 
1710. He married, according to the Newton 
church records, in January, 1710, but the name 
of his wife has been lost or destroyed in the 
records, and is not known. He signed a peti- 
tion of the Mashmuggett Purchase (Pomfret), 
May 14, 1713, for incorporation, horse brand 
and freedom from rates. The name Pomfret 
was selected by the general court, a large 
Gothic capital "P" for a horse brand. Trues- 
dell was on a committee February 16, 1714, 
to locate the meeting house, and October 26, 
1715, on the committee to provide dinner for 
the ordination of the minister at Pomfret, 
October 26, 1715. He was constable December, 
1724. He is the ancestor of all the old Con- 
necticut families of this name. Among his 
children were: I. Ebenezer. 2. Ichabod, men- 
tioned below. 3. Joseph, a soldier in the 
French and Indian war in 1757. Captain 
Eleazer Fitch's company, of Windham county. 
Perhaps others. A grandson, Ebenezer Trues- 
dell, was an ensign in the Sixth Company at 
the siege of Boston ; grandsons Darius and 
leduthan, of Woodstock, responded to the 
"Lexington alarm in 1775; one or both may 
have been sons of Ebenezer instead of grand- 
sons, however. Jeduthan Truesdell lived at 
Pomfret in 1790 and had three sons under 
sixteen and one female in his family ; Ebe- 
nezer lived at Branford in 1790 and had no 
children in his family. A Joel, probably a 
grandson, was living at Bristol in 1790. 

(R') Ichabod, .son of Ebenezer Truesdell, 
according to family tradition was father of 
Asa, Darius, Thomas and John. Asa was 
living at Suffield in 1790. Darius was a soldier 
in the revolution on the Lexington alarm and 
later was wounded in the side, narrowly escap- 
ing death from a ball which struck a large, 
old-fashioned pocketbook in his waistcoat 



pocket; died a few years af<"er the war from 
the effects of this wound, John settled in 

(V) Thomas, son of Ichabod Truesdell, 
was born in Windham county, Connecticut, in 
or near Pomfret, about 1740. He moved to 
Monson, jMassachusetts, before the revolution 
and was a soldier from that town on the Lex- 
ington call in April, 1775. An Ebenezer Trues- 
dell came from Pomfret to Chesterfield and 
his son Daniel was a soldier from Hampshire 
county, Massachusetts, in the revolution, Cap- 
tain Benjamin Bonney's company. Colonel 
Elisha Porter's regiment. Children of Thomas 
Truesdell: i. Perley, born 1771, mentioned 
below. 2. Simeon, married (intention dated 
September i, 1805, at Monson) Sally Hitch- 
cock, of Weston. 3. Seavius, married, August 
II, 1814, Lorinda Edgerton. 4. Ruth, mar- 
ried. April 3, 181 5, at Monson, Francis Curtis, 
of Thompson, Connecticut. 5. Rhoda, mar- 
ried (intention dated August 6, 1819) Nathan 
\\'arriner. Perhaps others. 

(\T) Perley, son of Thomas Truesdell, was 
born at Monson, Massachusetts, in 1771, died 
there October 2, 1843. He was a farmer. He 
married (first) Anna ; (second) No- 
vember 24, 1805, Polly Stimson, of ]\'Ionson. 
Children of first wife, born at Monson: I. 
Laura, August 12, 1798, died February 15, 
1805. 2. Cyrus Stimson, July 13, 1800, died 
February 9, 1805. 3. Serapta, June 23, 1802, 
married, December 6, 1821, Boystic Anderson. 
4. Marcus, October 28, 1804, died young. 
Children of second wife : 5. Perley, October 
14. 1806. married (intention dated April 7, 
1832) Samantha Stimson, of Palmer. 6. 
Joseph, July 21, 1810, died March 3, 1827. 7. 
Marcus, May 29, 1813, married (intention 
dated August 14, 1838) Isabelle W. Smith, of 
Ware. 8. Cyrus, August 3, 181 5, mentioned 
below. 9. Lucius E., May 18, 1818, married 
(intention dated September 27, 1840) Lucy 
B. Perry. 10. William Harrison, April 21, 
1820. II. Austin, April 16, 1822. 12. Warren, 
April 16, 1824. 13. Orren, December 26. 1826. 

(VH) Cyrus, son of Perley Truesdell, was 
born in Monson, August 3, 181 5. He was 
educated in the public schools of his native 
town, and was one of the most prominent and 
properous farmers of that section. He was 
an upright, earnest, conscientious man, a use- 
ful citizen, member of the Congregational 
church of Monson. He married (first) (inten- 
tions dated April 14, 1841) Phebe W. Hast- 
ings, of Palmer, died November 5, 1855, 
daughter of Rosal Hastings. He married 

(second) Mary Webber, of Holland, Massa- 
chusetts. She died January 12, 1901. He 
died December 4, 1885. Children of first 
wife: I. Erskine H., born February 21, 1848, 
mentioned below. 2. Merrill, born March, 
1846, died in 1869. 3. Estella, April, 1850. 
Child of second wife: 4. Charles, died in 

(VHI) Erskine Hastings, son of Cyrus 
Truesdell, was born in Monson, February 21, 
1848. He attended the public schools of his 
native town and Monson Academy. At the 
age of twenty-two he was employed in the 
meat and provision trade at Springfield, Mass- 
achusetts, and continued until the winter of 
1873 when he came to Palmer, working in the 
same line of business. In 1889 he started in 
business on his own account in Palmer and 
has taken rank among the leading business 
men of the town. He is a member of Palmer 
Lodge of Odd Fellows, No. 190, and of the 
Business Men's Social Club of Palmer. He 
is independent in politics. In religion he is a 
Unitarian. He married, in 1876, Jennie M. 
Angell, born at Ware, died May 12, 1901, 
daughter of Benjamin and Maria Angell. 

Five hundred years ago, more 
STEARNS or less, when the population 
of England had become suffi- 
ciently dense to make surnames necessary, 
some Englishman assumed the name of Sterne. 
He may have taken it from the sign of the 
Sterne, or starling, (which is the symbol of 
industry), which he displayed in front of his 
place of business, or it may have been taken 
from some event in which a starling was con- 
cerned ; but of this there is no means or record 

In England the name was, as it seems still 
is, spelled Sterne, two notable instances of 
which are Richard Sterne, Lord Archbishop 
of York, and Lawrence Sterne, the distin- 
guished novelist, author of "Tristam Shandy" 
and other works ; but in America it is spelled 
Stearns, Sternes, Sterns or Starns, and 
Starnes, the last two forms being distinctly 
southern. The changes probably commenced 
in the pronounciation, and extended to the 
writing of the name, which in Winthrop's 
journal and in the early town and county 
records of Massachusetts appears as Sterne. 

In every instance where the lineage of this 
family has been traced back, it has been to 
one of the following: Isaac, Charles or 
Nathaniel. What relationship existed between 
the three is not known. Isaac in his will calls 



Charles "My kinsman.'' It is noticeable, how- 
ever, that all three named their sons, Isaac, 
Samuel and John, while the sons of Isaac 
named their sons Nathaniel. The belief is 
entertained by many of the Stearns descend- 
ants that three Sterne brothers, Isaac, Daniel 
and Shubael, came to America together, that 
Daniel died unmarried, or without issue ; that 
Shubael and wife left two sons, Charles and 
Nathaniel, to the care of their uncle, Isaac. 
Research in England has thus far failed to 
find parents, brothers or sisters of Isaac 
Stearns, the emigrant from England. 

In the genealogy of the Stearns family, pub- 
lished in 1901, over eleven thousand persons 
were mentioned. Among these were two hun- 
dred and thirty-two graduates of colleges, 
universities, etc ; eighty-three clergymen, 
eighty physicians; fifty-nine lawyers, twelve 
principals of academies and high schools ; 
twelve professors of colleges; one chancellor 
of a state university; one dean of a divinity 
school : three presidents of colleges ; one sup- 
erintendent of instruction (Argentine Re- 
public) ; eleven authors; five editors; one 
bishop of Pennsylvania ; one general manager 
of railroads; one president of railroads; one 
president of a telegraph company ; twenty 
farmers ; two governors ; three lieutenant-gov- 
ernors ; two secretaries of state ; eleven state 
senators ; thirty-six colonial or state repre- 
sentatives ; two speakers of the house ; two 
supreme court judges; five mayors; two gen- 
erals: twenty-two colonels; eleven majors; 
fifty-six captains ; and one hundred and eighty- 
two private soldiers. 

( I ) Charles Stearns, the immigrant, was 
admitted freeman May 6, 1646, at Salem. 
On Alarch 15, 1648, he bought of Edward 
Lamb, of W'atertown, a house and eight acres 
of land, and three other lots. On the same 
day he purchased of John Fiske six acres of 
upland. Isaac Stearns, in his will dated June 
14. 1661, mentions Charles Stearns as "my 
kinsman," and bequeaths him ten pounds. 
Samuel Hosier also bequeathed to him ten 
pounds, but without stating any relationship. 
January 6, i68r, he was elected constable, or 
tax gatherer of ^^"atertown, but refused to 
take the oath; and the same year he sold his 
land in Watertown to his son, Samuel. It is 
supposed that soon after this, Charles Stearns 
with his son, Shubael, moved to that part of 
Lynn called Lynn End, now the town of Lynn- 
field. Charles Stearns married Hannah, whose 
surnames does not appear. She died in Water- 
town, June 30. 1651, and was buried July 2, 

1651. He married (second) June 22, 1654, 
Rebecca Gibson, daughter of John and Re- 
becca Gibson, of Cambridge. The births of 
the first two children of Charles and Re- 
becca are recorded in Cambridge, but she 
was a member of the Watertown church, 
February, 1689. The seven children of this 
marriage were: Samuel, Shubael, John, Isaac, 
Charles, Rebecca and Martha. 

(II) Shubael, second son of Charles and 
Rebecca (Gibson) Stearns, was born Septem- 
ber 20, 1655, in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 
He was a member of the Narragansett expedi- 
tion. After marriage he settled in Lynn, prob- 
ably near the border of Reading. No record 
of his marriage has been discovered, but 
"Mary Upton of Reading, Massachusetts, 
married Shubael Stearns of Lynn," whether 
this Shubael or a descendant is not known. 
Samuel Trail, aged ninety-five and upwards, 
testified that he remembered Shubael Stearns 
of Lynn, who came from Watertown, and was 
in the army. Shubael's will dated November 
19, 1733, was proved September 2, 1734. He 
had nine children : Shubael, Samuel, Hannah, 
Mary, John, Ebenezer, Martha, Eleanor and 

( III ) Samuel, son of Shubael and ]\Iary 
(L'pton) Stearns, was born September 12, 
1685. He removed about 1715 to Sutton, 
where his son Thomas was born, then he re- 
turned to Lynn, where he died suddenly De- 
cember 20, 1759, aged seventy-four years. He 
married (first) (intentions of marriage pub- 
lished .A.pril 7, 171 1) Sarah Rurnap, daughter 
of a Scotch minister of Marblehead. She died 
August 6, 1724, and he married (second) 
April 14, 1725, Tabitha Bryant, of Reading, 
who died December 13, 1758. Seven children 
were born of the first wife : Timothy, Samuel, 
Sarah, Thomas, Rebecca, Isaac and Benjamin. 

(IV) Thomas, third son of Samuel and 
Sarah (Burnap) Stearns, was born in Sutton, 
December 22, 1717. His first and second chil- 
dren were born in Lynn, the next seven in 
Lunenburg. Leaving the latter place, he re- 
sided in Fitchburg a short time, and then went 
to Leominster where he died February 5, 181 1, 
eminent for his christian virtues. He belonged 
to Captain Samuel Hunt's company from Au- 
gust 13 to December 13, 1755. He married, 
November 4. 1740, Lydia Mansfield, daughter 
of Daniel Mansfield. She died February 26, 
1791. They had eleven children: Thomas 
(died young), Lydia (died young), Sarah, 
Thomas, Daniel, Lydia, Charles, Sarah, Re- 
becca, Timothy and Anna. 



(V) Rev. Charles (2), fourth son of 
Thomas and Lydia (Mansfield) Stearns, was 
born July 19, 1753, in Lunenburg. He grad- 
uated at Harvard College in 1773: received 
the degree of D. D. from Harvard in 1810; 
was a Fellow of the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences ; was ordained pastor of the 
Congregational church in Lincoln, November 
7, 1781, and died there July 26, 1826. He 
was also preceptor of the noted Liberal School 
in Lincoln, "Dr. Charles Stearns was in the 
University over forty-five years, preached his 
last sermon the first Sunda}' in July, 1826, and 
died on the twenty-sixth of the same month. 
His monument was erected by the town which 
was then one parish. He was a man of high 
ability, deeply reverenced by his people ; a man 
who refused to enter into the controversy be- 
tween Trinitarian and Unitarian Congrega- 
tionalists, exchanging freely with those of both 
opinions until his death. The following ex- 
tract from 'The Gambrel-roofed House,' by 
Oliver \\"endell Holmes, speaks for itself: 

" 'The middle-aged and young men have 
left comparatively faint impressions on my 
memory, but how grandly the procession of 
the old clergymen who filled our pulpit from 
time to time and passed the day under our 
roof, marches before my closed eyes! At 
their head, the most venerable, David' Osgood, 
the majestic minister of ^Medford, with mas- 
sive front and shaggy, overshadowing eye- 
brows ; following in the train, mild-eyed John 
Foster of Brighton, with the lambent aurora 
of a smile above his pleasant mouth which not 
even the "Sabbath" could subdue to the true 
Levitical aspect ; and bulky Charles Stearns 
of Lincoln, author of "The Ladies* Philosophy 
of Love." A Poem, 1797. (How I stared at 
him, he was the first living person ever pointed 
out to me as a poet!) ; and Thaddeus Mason 
Harris of Dorchester.' " Mr. Stearns was a 
scholar of high attainments, and was offered 
the presidency of Harvard College, but de- 
clined it, regarding it as his duty to remain 
with his parish in Lincoln, which was then 
paying him a salary of four hundred dollars 
a year. He married, January 7, 1782, Sus- 
anna Cowdry. of Reading, by whom he had 
six sons and five daughters : Susannah. Charles, 
Thomas, Julia, Sarah, Elizabeth Frances, Will- 
iam Lawrence. Daniel Mansfield, Rebecca, 
Samuel and Edwin. 

(\'l) Rev. ^^■illiam Lawrence, third son of 
Rev. Charles (2) and Susanna (Cowdry) 
Stearns, was born October 30. 1793, at Lin- 
coln, and was a twin brother of Daniel Mans- 

field Stearns. He graduated from Harvard 
University in 1820; studied divinity with his 
father, and was licensed to preach in 1823; 
ordained and installed in Stoughton, Novem- 
ber, 1827; dismissed from Stoughton in 1831, 
and installed at Rowe, January, 1833. He 
was also pastor of the L'nitarian church at 
Pembroke. After his health failed, he made 
his home with his son George M. in Chicopee, 
where he died May 28, 1857. George AL 
Stearns described his father as a "fine scholar 
and metaphysician. He was abstracted and 
mild in his nature — a man living much more in 
the world of his thoughts and studies than 
that of the life close about him." He married, 
June 5. 1828, Mary Monroe, born September 
12, 1803, daughter of Isaac and Grace (Bige- 
low) ]\Ionroe, of Lincoln, and sister of his 
twin brother's wife. She died Alarch 23. 1900. 
She was a very worthy woman and also passed 
her declining years an honored and loved mem- 
ber of her son George's household, but died 
at the residence of her son Albert B. at Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts. Four children were 
born of this marriage : William Henry, 
George Alonroe. i\Iary ]\Ionroe and Albert Bige- 

(\ II) Hon. George Monroe, second son of 
Rev. \^'illiam L. and Mary (Monroe) Stearns, 
was born April 18, 1831, at Stoughton, and 
died in Brookline, December 31, 1894. While 
he was yet an infant his father moved to 
Rowe. He was a wide-awake, active boy, full 
of fun and mischief, the traditional minister's 
son, the delight and torment of his parents. 
He was always a student in spite of his 
abounding sjjirits, for which his splendid 
health was largely responsible, and soon ab- 
sorbed all that the schools of Rowe could 
teach him. He attended the academy at Shel- 
burne Falls. Massachusetts, then attended 
Harvard Law School and went from there 
about 1849, while considerably under his 
majority, to study law in the Chicopee office 
of John Wells, a young lawyer only fairly 
settled in practice, but afterward a justice of 
the Massachusetts supreme court, and himself 
from Rowe. In April, 1852, when past his 
twenty-first birthday. Mr. Stearns was ad- 
mitted to the bar, and at once formed a part- 
nership with Judge Wells which lasted until 
Judge W"ells moved his office to Springfield 
some years later. Mr. Stearns continued his 
office in Chicopee several years, and then also 
removed to Springfield, where he formed a 
partnership with the late E. D. Beach, and 
afterward was associated with Judge AI. P. 

'^ £--z>-^ cj qX 



Knowlton for some years, and also with 
Charles L. Long. The office in Springfield 
was continued until 1878. when it was removed 
back to Chicopee, where it remained until Mr. 
Stearns transferred his home to Brookline, a 
few months before his death. W'ith regard 
to Mr. Stearns characteristics as a lawyer, his 
standing at the bar, his method of preparing 
cases and presenting them to courts and jury, 
his professional brethren and intimate asso- 
ciates will be quoted farther on. It is agreed 
among them all that he was easily at the 
head of the local bar, and that his methods 
were as thorough as they were original. No 
one could try a case as George Stearns could, 
especially before a jury, and attempts to imi- 
tate him usually ended in absurd and disastrous 
failures. He might have sat upon the bench 
of either of our higher courts had he chosen, 
for he was offered a judgeship more than once. 
Of the man himself, liis home life in Chicopee. 
and the place he filled in the affection and 
regard of his friends and townsmen there is 
a great deal that might be said. It is within 
the truth to say that since his marriage. May 
17, 1855, to Emily C. Goodnow, who was his 
schoolmate at Shelburne Falls, in that year, 
his home life was almost an ideal one. She 
was born in Princeton, Massachusetts, March 
4, 1833, daughter of Erasmus D. and Caroline 
B. (Bullard) Goodnow, both natives of Massa- 
clmsetts. Mr. Stearns' home was the most 
attractive place in the world to him, and the 
home side was the richest and best side of his 
nature, and nothing else brought out the choicest 
treasures of his mind and heart as freely as 
contact with his family and intimate friends. 
He was always kindly, loyal and affectionate, 
and a courteous and considerate host. At 
once after their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. 
Stearns went to hve in the house on Spring- 
field street in Chicopee, which was their home 
for so many years. Two children were born 
to them: \Iary C, born December 9, 1855, 
married, October 4. 18/6, Frank E. Tuttle, of 
Chicopee, and had one child, Emily Stearns 
Tuttle, born July 19, 1878, an infant son de- 
ceased. Mary C. died January 20, 1883. 
Emily S., the second daughter, died at the age 
of twelve. 

It was with the hope that a change of scene 
and surroundings would restore his health, 
or at least prolong his life and increase the 
comfort of its added years, that Mr. Stearns 
gave up his Chicopee house and removed to 
Brookline. The event proved that hope to 
be vain, for he steadilv lost rather than gained 

in strength, until the end came after months 
of suffering, borne with patience and courage, 
and enlivened by a hope that was never 
dimmed. Mr. Stearns was no lover of society 
in the fashionable sense, and as much as he 
cared for his friends he preferred to have them 
come to his home rather than to go himself to 
theirs. His intimates came to respect this 
preference of his, and as a consequence the 
Stearns house became a centre to which they 
were drawn by a strong attraction. These 
informal gatherings were what Air. Stearns 
delighted in. With guests in his house or at 
his table, he was at his best. Then how the 
man would blossom out! Xo matter if the 
day in court had been a hard one, and the next 
day promised to be still harder, no matter if 
there were perplexing law questions unanswer- 
ed, or refractory witnesses unsubdued, his 
guests never knew it, nor did he seem to 
realize it. He gave himself to the enjoyment 
of the hour, which meant making his friends 
enjoy it. His wit would sparkle, his humor 
flow, story would follow story, and once in a 
while, when the company was suitable and 
the mood was on him, he would move it to 
tears or laughter by the paraphrase of a story 
or novel he had been reading. He was an 
omnivorous reader, but what he read was his 
to call to mind and use in a case in court, to 
point an argument before the supreme bench, 
or to amuse and entertain his friends. His 
well-known familiarity with the Bible was only 
in part an inheritance, or a remembrance of 
compulsory study in boyhood ; he never would 
have had that marvelous command of bibical 
lore had it not been for his delight in it as 
literature. Withal there was an undercurrent 
of reverence and religious sentiment in his 
nature, rarely given expression to, and some- 
times covered by a cloud of agnosticism, but 
never without its influence on his relations to 
his fellowmen, and which accounts in part at 
least, for his love for the Bible. Such a brief 
sketch as there is room for in this book, would 
not be complete without a word of allusion to 
the ability Mr. Stearns always showed as a 
business man, and his love for horses. As a 
business man he was cautious, far-sighted and 
honest. He could grasp the commercial bear- 
ings of a case, see at once into the intricacies 
of the management of a large manufacturing 
concern and deal intelligently with the ordi- 
nary problems, and some of the more intri- 
cate ones, of financial institutions. With all 
his caution, he had a liking for a bit of specula- 
tion now and then, but never risking more than 



he could well afford to lose. This speculative 
tendency made him the owner of all sorts of 
things at various times in his life, as his love 
of horses made him purchase animals of all 
bloods and values. It is proverbial that Mr. 
Stearns loved horses ; he made pets of them, 
and happy was the trotter that met his favor. 
It was a rare horse that was so lucky, for his 
requirements were high, but now and then 
one, like old "Calamity," or like the gray mare 
"j\Iaud" that he drove so long won a perma- 
nent place in his affections. 

]\Ir. Stearns was always a public man, 
although he held but few public offfces, refus- 
ing over and again nominations to congress 
which were almost equivalent to an election, 
and several times declining to be his party's 
candidate for governor. He was always a 
Democrat and was elected by that party to 
represent Chicopee in the house of representa- 
tives in 1859, and he was a member of the 
committe which revised the public statutes of 
i860. In 1 879 he was a member of the Senate, 
and the next year was chosen district attorney 
for the western district but resigned at the end 
of two years. The same year, 1872, he was a 
delegate to the National Democratic conven- 
tion at Cincinnati, where he favored the nomi- 
nation of Horace Greeley, and he was repeat- 
edly a delegate to National conventions after- 
wards. He was appointed United States attor- 
ney at Boston in 1886, but resigned in about 
two years. When John Quincy Adams was 
nominated for governor, Mr. Stearns was 
given the second place on the ticket, and later, 
when the Democrats nominated Charles Sum- 
ner, was nominated lieutenant-governor with 
him, also, but on Sumner's refusal, Mr. 
Stearns followed his example. He was an 
unflinching opponent of Butler, and refused 
to aid in any way the ambitions of the latter 
to become governor. It was a most tmusual 
thing for Mr. Stearns to do, to refuse to make 
at least a single speech for the candidates of 
his party in a campaign, but he felt that there 
was a principle at stake in the Butler matter 
that could be better vindicated by the apparent 
defeat of his party than by its success, and so 
he refused his help. He was a most welcome 
and eft'ective stump speaker, his wit, clearness 
of thought, and thorough grasp of his subject, 
with the mastery of the weak points of his 
opponent's record, made him an antagonist to 
be respected and feared. His acquaintance 
and friendship with public men were exten- 
sive, and his influence in the councils of his 
party was large. His advice in political matters 

was constantly sought and most highly valued 
by party leaders and men of position and influ- 
ence, and it is well known that few men in the 
country were more cordially welcomed at the 
White House during the Cleveland adminis- 
tration than he. He was a shrewd observer, a 
careful student and an accurate judge of men 
and events. He had few axes to grind and 
his advice on public matters, when given, was 
given with the public good as its object, and 
so was always valuable and influential. George 
M. Stearns was a large minded, large hearted, 
and lovable man. He was strong, positive and 
aggressive, a man to make his personality felt 
wherever he went and in whatever company 
he found himself. He was a full man, with a 
mastery over the lore and technique of 
his profession, an intelligent grasp of a great 
many subjects and a rich store of experiences 
gathered from close contact with his fellow- 
men of all conditions and under a wide variety 
of conditions. The public knew him as a man 
of most original qualities, an intense, brilliant 
and successful lawyer, a shrewd and astute 
political leader ; his friends knew him as one 
of the most congenial and choicest spirits, full 
of wit and apt speech, and withal abounding in 
a tenderness and fine feeling that in genuine- 
ness and grace was almost womanly. 

At a meeting of the Hampden Bar Asso- 
ciation, held January I, 1895, ^o take action 
in regard to the death of Mr. Stearns, George 
D. Robinson, William H. Brooks, Charles L. 
Gardner, James B. Carroll, and William W. 
McClench were appointed a committee to pre- 
pare resolutions to present to the court, and 
to make necessary arrangements regarding a 
memorial service. IMemorial exercises in the 
supreme judicial court at Springfield were held 
April 15, 1895, Justice Knowlton presiding. 
The resolutions prepared by the above com- 
mittee were presented to the court, and read 
by Hon. George D. Robinson of the Bar Asso- 
ciation as follows : 

"JJ'hcrcas. by a decree of the all wise judges, 
the Honorable George M. Stearns of Chicopee 
has been called from his earthly labors we, 
his associates of the Hampden County Bar, 
desiring to place upon record our sense of the 
great loss sustained by our association, do 
hereby adopt the following resolutions : 

His sudden death, following so soon after 
his departure from our midst, brought deep 
and sincere sorrow to us all. The place he 
held in our regard and affection as the leader , 
of this bar was easily his, by reason of the 
years of honorable service spent in the prac- 



tice of his profession, by his high sense of his 
relation to the court, by the ability and fidelity 
with which he discharged his duties to his 
clients, and by the genial, kindly, and helpful 
spirit he ever manifested towards his asso- 
ciates. Not only was he esteemed by the 
people of this community, for his fame as a 
lawyer outran city and county and state limits ; 
his legal opinions commanded wide respect, 
and his services in the trial of jury causes 
were frequently and eagerly sought by people 
from afar. 

In counsel wise and clear, in the preparation 
of causes careful and diligent, and in the trial 
of them earnest, ingenious and eloquent, he 
early established an enviable reputation, in his 
chosen profession which he ever afterwards 
maintained with credit to himself, and honor 
to our association. 

In public life he was an honest and trusted 
legislator, a just and fearless district attorney 
of the State, and an able, faithful, and loj^al 
United States attorney. 

The performance of the duties connected 
with these honorable offices increased his repu- 
tation and enlarged his clientage, but his fame 
will rest upon his ability and his character as 
a lawyer, upon his profound knowledge of 
human nature and upon his wit and his phil- 

To all his associates at the bar, his memory 
will be an inspiration to industry, to faithful- 
ness, and to honorable professional conduct. 

Our warmest sympathies go out towards 
the cherished companions of his life, whose 
comfort and happiness were always his first 
concern, and for whom his heart beat with the 
truest loyalty and the tenderest love. 

In token of our regard for him, we desire 
these resolutions placed upon our records, pre- 
sented to the Supreme Judicial Court, and 
sent to Mrs. Stearns." 

Among those who spoke on the occasion of 
the presentation of these resolutions was Mr. 
Wells, who spoke as follows : "When I came 
to Springfield, nearly thirty-seven years ago, 
Mr. Stearns had been admitted to the bar, 
some seven years ; he had then been engaged 
in many important trials and was fairly launch- 
ed upon the career of a jury lawyer in which 
he achieved such distinguished success. From 
my admission to the bar until he left it last 
fall, we have been co-workers here, sometimes 
together, much oftener on opposite sides, and 
I esteem it a privilege to add my tribute of 
love and admiration to that of other members 
of this bar. We gratefully remember the kind 

consideration and hearty friendliness with 
which he treated his brethren in the profession 
whether associated with or contending against 
him. We love to recall those delightful hours 
when, freed from the labors of the courtroom, 
he entertained us with anecdote and reminis- 
cence, illuminated with his inimitable wit and 
fancy. We also reflect thoughtfully on those 
occasions when in soberer mood he discussed 
with his shrewd philosophy and clear percep- 
tion those problems of life and destiny which 
are so close to the thought of every thinking 
man. It is. however, of his work in the pro- 
fession, that we would here speak. Liberally 
endowed by nature with the keenest faculty of 
observation, and a lively and most brilliant 
imagination supplemented by a broad and 
liberal culture, he was from the first spendidly 
equipped for the work of an advocate, wherein 
he won such an eminent and enviable position. 
As a lawyer, however, Mr. Stearns was more 
than a mere advocate. His faculty of close 
observation and his wide experience gave to 
him a wonderful insight into the characters 
of men, and accurate knowledge of their mo- 
tives and probable course of action which 
made him one of the wisest and safest advisers 
in those numerous and perplexing affairs of 
business which are brought so often to the 
lawyer, when no question of the law is in- 
volved, but when so much depends upon a 
wise conjecture and skillful forecast of the 
conduct and activities of others. Without 
being a remarkable student of books and of 
decided cases, his extensive and accurate 
knowledge of the legal principles, with his 
quick and ready faculty of applying them to 
the facts as developed in any case in which he 
was employed, enabled him always to seize 
upon and present every law question involved, 
which he stated and enforced with distinguish- 
ed power, clearness, and effectiveness both 
before the trial judge and the court of last 
resort. He never failed to find all the flaws 
and weak points in an opponents case. He 
would lose or omit nothing which could estab- 
lish or strengthen his own. It is, however, as 
a trier of jury cases that he appeared at his 
best, and by which he will be longest remem- 
bered. When it was known that he was going 
to argue a case, the court room would be 
crowded. It made little difference what the 
case was. His abounding fancy, brilliant and 
sparkling humor, biting sarcasm, quaint and 
grotesque forms of statement, made listening 
to him always pleasant and entertaining to 
every one not on the opposite side. This 



sparkling and wonderful brilliancy, however, 
was only a part and the least important part 
of the wise and carefully studied method which 
he used in the trial cases. He tried cases to 
win them and to this he subordinated every 
other consideration, even himself. To this 
single end, he shaped everything from the 
opening to the closing argument; he studied 
with the utmost care the effect upon the jury 
of every movement, word, and action of his 
opponent as well as his own. Just how much 
to say, just what had best be left unsaid, what 
profitable turn could be given to an expression 
or an omission of the other side, what sugges- 
tions would help what would harm ; he knew 
when and what to magnify, when and what to 
minimize. If at times he appeared less bril- 
liant than was his wont, those who understood 
him and appreciated the situation could see 
that there was a deep and wise method in his 
seeming dullness. In the trial of a case he 
managed his facts, his arguments, and his 
illustrations with the care and skill with which 
a great general manages and disposes his 
forces. In the preparation of his cases, Mr. 
Stearns was broad and general rather than 
minute, not studious of small detail. While 
at times his method of examining and cross- 
examining witnesses appeared careless and in- 
different, it was really studied, methodical and 
most carefully considered. It was, however, 
his own way and adopted to his presentation 
of the case. He relied much upon himself 
and experience justified him in .so doing, that 
he cared to offer in testimony or draw out of 
the other side only so much as he wanted to 
use, and only in such connection as would best 
serve his purpose. When so much was ob- 
tained the rest was of no importance and he 
preferred that it should be left out, though to 
another it might seem of great importance. 
He could unfold or elaborate a chance word 
or phrase, which a witness dropped, into a 
most convincing statement. He could, how- 
ever, when the occasion seemed to call for it, 
handle a witness with wonderful skill and 
brilliancy. The abundance of his success 
proved the wisdom of his methods and his 
eminent ability in his profession. Fully con- 
scious of his powers in this respect, and it was 
impossible that he should not be. he was 
wholly without any trace of conceit or arro- 
gance, and in all things over-modest, rather 
distrusting his own judgment, glad to defer 
to others, inclined to make suggestions rather 
than give an opinion. In all the relations of 
life he was a man to be esteemed and loved; 

as a lawyer, to be honored and admired. He 
served his clients with a mind single to the 
advancement of their best interests with no 
thought for his own. To the cases committed 
to his care, he gave the best fruit of all that 
genius, study, and labor had brought him. 
To us who were his contemporaries, he has 
left the memory of a most genial, complacent, 
kind, courteous, and friendly associate; to 
those who are to follow him and take up the 
burden which he has laid down, an example 
of fruitful, sincere, hard and untiring labor, 
rewarded with the largest honors which our 
profession can give." 

\\"hile the Crawford family 
CRA^^TORD was well established in 

Scotland before 1200, we 
are told that it is of Anglo-Xorman origin 
some two centuries earlier, and the Craw- 
fords of Scotland trace their ancestry to a 
Norman noble of the days of William the Con- 
queror. The name is spelled sometimes Craw- 
futt in the early Scotch records, while Crau- 
ford was the ordinary spelling until later date. 
.-\ list of the heads of important Scotch fami- 
lies in 1291 has been preserved. It is known 
to historians as the Ragman's Roll. On this 
list are five Crawfords: John de Crauford 
of Ayrshire ; John de Crauford. tenant le Roi, 
Ayrshire; Renaud de Crawford of .Ayrshire; 
Roger de Crauford and \Mlliam de Crauford. 
The records show families in Lanarkshire, 
Renfrewshire and Stirlingshire, as well as Ayr- 
shire, before the year 1200. The titles held in 
Scotland by this family were : The viscountcy 
of Mount Crawford and Garnock ; the earldom 
of Crawford belonged to the Lindsey family. 
A number of Crawfords were among the 
Scotch who were given grants of land in the 
province of Ulster, Ireland, in 1610, and later 
by King James I. Some of the American 
families trace their descent from the first set- 
tler in Tyrone. Ireland, George Crawford. 
Nicholas Pynnar, who made a survey of the 
Scotch Irish settlements in 1619, reported that 
in the precinct of Mountjoy, county Tyrone, 
George Crawford had transferred his thous- 
and acre grant to Alexander Sanderson. The 
name is common in the Protestant districts 
of Antrim, Down, Londonderry and Tyrone 
at the present time. 

(I) Deacon John Crawford, immigrant an- 
cestor, was born in Scotland, in 1717. He 
was one of the settlers procured through the 
efforts of General W'aldo at the same time that 
his son was in Germany seeking settlers for 



the extensive \\'aldo lands in Maine. A party 
of settlers was formed from Stirling and Glas- 
gow, Scotland. Most of them were poor but 
ambitious. Some agreed to work out their 
passage money by four years of labor, while 
most of them agreed to pay their passage 
money after they had cleared their farms and 
raised their first crops. They came in the 
brig "Dolphin," Captain Cooters, embarking 
at Greenock in the summer of 1753. After 
touching at Piscataqua and remaining there a 
week or more, they were landed on the west 
side of the George's river, in the lower part 
of what is now the town of Warren, Maine. 
Dr. Robinson had contracted to build a house 
to shelter them during the first season, and 
had commenced work upon it before they 
arrived, but it was unfinished and the Scotch- 
men had to find homes among the older set- 
tlers until they could build their own houses. 
General Waldo provided provisions for his 
settlers, many of whom came from city life, 
ignorant of the essential knowledge of pioneer 
life. They were promised farms within two 
miles of tidewater, being afraid of Indian 
hostilities and of wild beasts in the forests of 
the interior. Among the fellow-settlers of 
Crawford were Archibald Anderson, a weaver ; 
John Dickey, or Dicke, a malster ; Andrew 
Malcolm, a weaver ; John Miller, delftware 
maker; Thomas Johnston, John Mucklevee, 
John Brison, Andrew Bird, John Kirkpatrick, 
a cooper, John Hodgins, a book binder, John 

Carswell, John Brown, Robert Kye, ■ 

Greenlaw, Wilke, Beverage, 

-Auchmuty, slate maker, and 

Anderson. In 1754 Crawford and the others 
took possession of their half-acre house lots 
and built log huts in 'a continuous street be- 
tween the house lately occupied by Gilbert 
Anderson and school-house No. 13, naming 
the village Stirling, from the former home of 
many of them. They had even to learn the 
art of cutting down trees. Mrs. Dickey was 
daughter of Laird and others had been deli- 
cately reared, suffering much from the rude 
conditions they found in this country. Craw- 
ford was a shepherd in Scotland, a pious and 
devout man. While tending his flocks he had 
committed to memory the greater part of the 
Bible, and was accustomed every Sunday to 
recite portions of the Scriptures at the house 
of one or another of the Scotch settlers, accom- 
panying his words with exposition, exhorta- 
tion and prayer. "Their spirits were cast 
down with disappointment," their superstitious 
fears were aroused by the new country, and 

they "groaned under a load of bodily and 
mental suffering. Strange sights and strange 
sounds assailed them ; fireflies gleamed in the 
woods, frogs croaked in the ponds, and loons 
uttered their unearthly cries in the evening 
twilight. They contended with hunger and 
cold, witches and warlocks, till in the fall the 
Indian war compelled them to enter the fort 
for ])rotection." But they became contented 
and useful citizens in time, and their descend- 
ants have taken high rank in business and 
professional life. Crawford was deacon of 
the church. He died November 10, 1797, aged 
eighty years. He married, in Scotland, Sarah 
Fisher, who died March 22, 1800, aged eighty- 
eight years, at Warren, ]\Iaine. Children : i. 
John, born in Scotland, 1751 ; married Doro- 
thy Parsons ; resided in Warren, at the French 
and Mathews corner; died January 9, 1818; 
had nine children. 2. Ann, born in Scotland ; 
married John Nelson ; removed to Reading, 
Massachusetts. 3. Captain James, born 1758; 
mentioned below. 4. Deacon Archibald, born 
1760; ched June 9, 1828; resided at Warren; 
had his father's homestead ; married Eleanor 
Parsons ; had ten children. 5. Alexander, mar- 
ried Daggett ; removed to Northport. 

(II) Captain James, son of Deacon John 
Crawford, was born in Warren, in 1758, and 
died there August 16, 1825. He served in the 
revolution, it appears from the records, in the 
employ of the East Indian department, under 
Colonel John Allen, from July, 1777, to March 
15, 1778, at Machias, Maine; was taken pris- 
oner, but escaped ]\Iarch 19, 1778; was also 
landsman on the sloop "Providence," Captain 
John Paul Jones, and received his share of 
prize money in the ship "Alexander," cap- 
tured September 20, 1777. He lived at War- 
ren, on the old ■\Iero place. He married Mar- 
garet Rivers. Children: i. James, removed 
to New Brunswick, thence to Little Rock, 
Arkansas. 2. Joseph, died January 22, 1820. 
3. Mary, born 1798; resided at Warren; died 
July 30, 1838. 4. Charles, born I\Iay 6, 1800; 
mentioned below. 5. Captain George, born 
April 3, 1802 ; married November 3, 1833, 
Mary B. Leeds; removed to Thomaston, 
thence to Illinois, returned to Thomaston, and 
had iron foundry there; died May 4, i860. 6. 
John, born about 1804; married, November 28, 
1830, Mahala Russell; resided in North War- 
ren, and died there September 2, 1870. 

(III) Charles, son of James Crawford, was 
born in Warren, 'May 6, 1800. He settled in 
Searsmont, ]\Iaine, and was a prominent citi- 
zen, holding various town offices and repre- 



senting his district in the legislature in 1862. 
He returned to \\'arren to live in 1876, and made 
his home at Southwest Harbor. He married Ale- 
hitable Cobb; (second) Jane T. Daggett of 
Unity, ;\Iaine. Children: i. Margaret, married 
Dr. Ambrose Woodcock ; they lived and died in 
Levant, Maine. 2. Captain Rufus, mentioned 
below. 3. Joseph, born December 16, 1823; 
married. May 30, 1855, Amanda AI. Frost; 
he bought the D. & A. Andrews farm in War- 
ren, and lived there. 4. John, married Eliza- 
beth Cunningham : lived and died at Belmont, 
]\Iaine. 5. Miles S., married Celesta Vaughan, 
of Unity; lived and died in Boston. 6. Charles 
A., only one now living ; married Mary E. 
Cushing, of Cohasset. Children of second 
wife: 7. Edwin W., resided at jN'Iedford, 
Massachusetts. 8. James W^eston, lived at 
Searsmont, Maine. 9. Arthur, lives at Natick, 
Massachusetts. 10. Rev. William H., married 
Emma Foy, of ^^^iscasset, Maine ; lives at 
Tremont. 11. Horatio H., resided at Boston. 
12. Mehitable S., lives in ^Nlaine. 

(IV) Captain Rufus, son of Charles Craw- 
ford, was born at Searsmont, Maine, about 1821, 
and was buried at sea when twenty-seven 
years old. He was educated in his native 
town in the public schools, and when a youth 
began to follow the sea, rose to the command 
of a ship, and was a master mariner of good 
repute. He married, August 7, 1849, Isabella 
P. Edgerton, born at Thomaston, died Sep- 
tember 2, 1892. Children: i. Charles E., 
born April 29, 1850. 2. Alfred O., mentioned 

(Y) Alfred O., son of Captain Rufus Craw- 
ford, was born at Thomaston, IMaine, June 6, 
1853. He was educated in the public schools 
of his native town. He became a clerk in a 
drygoods store at Weymouth, ^Massachusetts, 
when he was sixteen years old. He established 
himself in the business of making paper boxes, 
and was one of the pioneers in the box industry 
of the country, of the very useful and popular 
folding designs. The business has grown to 
very large proportions and the printing busi- 
ness connected with it is also extensive. He 
has a large factory at South Weymouth, em- 
ploying a large number of hands, and well 
equipped for its purpose. The firm name is 
the A. O. Crawford Company. He is highly 
respected, not only by his associates and com- 
petitors in business, but by his employees, and 
townsmen in general. 

Mr. Crawford is interested in the welfare 
and growth of Weymouth, and always lends 
his aid to every project for the good of the 

town. In politics he is a Republican. He is a 
member of the Old South Church of Wey- 
mouth and of the Order of the Golden Star. 
He married, September 22, 1875, Mary 
Niles Wade, born at South Weymouth, Octo- 
ber 5, 1846, daughter of David Niles Wade 
(see Wade). Children: i. David Niles, born 
April 20, 1877, in Holbrook, Massachusetts; 
engaged in the printing business at \\'eymouth ; 
married Louise Clifford Rockwood, of South 
Weymouth ; child : Allen Francis, born iNIay 
23, 1908. 2. George Otis, bom May 15, 1879; 
associated in company with his father in man- 
ufacturing paper boxes; he is also an inventor, 
invented several machines, one for the use of 
strips of pasteboard formerly thrown away, 
but now used in egg crates ; married, June, 
1892, Mary Chubbuck, of North Weymouth; 
child : Charles Niles. 3. Frank W., born No- 
vember 14, 1883; graduated from Tufts Col- 
lege Medical School, class of 1909. 

(The Wade Line). 

(I) Nicholas Wade, the immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England, and settled early in 
Scituate, Massachusetts. He took the oath of 
fidelity and allegiance in 1638. His house was 
on the west side of Brushy Hill, northeast of 
the road where Shadrach Wade resided a gen- 
eration ago. In 1657 he was licensed to keep 
an inn in Scituate. Jonathan and Richard 
Wade, pioneers to Massachusetts, were prob- 
ably his brothers. He died in 1683 at an 
advanced age. Children: i. John. 2. Thomas, 
settled in Bridgewater ; married Elizabeth 
Curtis. 3. Nathaniel. 4. Elizabeth, married 
IMarmaduke Stevens. 5. Joseph, killed in the 
Rehoboth battle, in King Phillip's war. 6. 
Hannah. 7. Nicholas, .mentioned below. 8. 
Jacob, lived in Scituate ; left no family. 

(II) Nicholas (2), son of Nicholas (i) 
Wade, was born about 1690. He settled in 
East Bridgewater, and married, in 1715, Anne 
Latham, daughter of James. She died in 
1770, aged seventy-seven years, his widow. 
Children: I. John, married, 1751, Hannah 
Kingman ; went to Penobscot, Maine. 2. 
James, mentioned below. 3. Thomas, born 
1721 ; married Susanna Latham; lived in 
Bridgewater. 4. Amasa, went to Weymouth. 
5. Samuel, settled in Hanson, and had Samuel, 
Isaac, Levi, and other children. 6. Nicholas, 
born 1 73 1 ; married Betty Tomson, of Hali- 
fax, had John, Betty, James, Ruth, Betty and 
Hannah; died in 1780. 7. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried, 1739, Samuel Harden. 8. Mary, mar- 
ried, 1760, Seth Mitchell. 



(III) James, son of Nicholas (2) Wade, 
was born in East Bridgewater, about 1720-25. 
He married, 1754, Ann Clark, of Plymouth. 
He died in 1802, aged seventy-three years. 
He was a soldier in the revolution, in Captain 
James Keith's company in 1775, and Captain 
James Ward's company in 1780. His age 
was then given as forty-nine years ; height 
six feet. Children: i. Abigail, born 1755, 
died young. 2. Anne, born 1757; married 
1783, Reuben Mitchell. 3. Hannah, born 1759; 
married, 1784, Thomas Osborne. 4. James, 
born 1761 ; mentioned below. 5. Abigail, born 
1765; married, 1784, Spencer Forest. 6. Re- 
becca, born 1766; married, 1786, Israel Cow- 
ing, of Scituate. 

(TV) James (2), son of James (i) Wade, 
was born in Bridgewater, probably in 1761. 
He settled in the adjacent town of Halifax, 
and was a soldier from that town in the revo- 
lution, a private in Captain Samuel Nelson's 
company. Colonel Aaron Willard's regiment, 
and traveled to Skeensborough, New Hamp- 
shire, via Charlestown, in 1777. He was also 
in the Continental army at West Point in 1780, 
five months and fourteen days. 

(V) James (3), son of James (2) Wade, 
was born April i, 1783, at Halifax, Massachu- 
setts. Melvin Wade, probably a brother, also 
lived in Halifax. James Wade married, April 
15, 1803, (intention dated l\Iay 3, 1802) 
Sabrina Lyon, born Alarch 28, 1785, at Hali- 
fax, daughter of Obadiah and Lydia Lyon. 
He died at Halifax in 1866. Children, born 
at Halifax: i. Elvira C, December 27, 1805. 
2. Sophia L., December 31, 1807. 3. Sabrina 
L., December 21, 1810; married, February i, 
1836, Abel Cushing. 4. Cynthia, August 10, 
1813. 5. James Jr., June 16, 1816. 6. David 
Niles, July 2, 1819; mentioned below. 7. 
Martha L., November 28, 1820. 8. Henry 
Lyon, September 16, 1824. 9. Henrietta M., 
February 18, 1830. 

(\T) David Niles, son of James (3) Wade, 
was born in Halifax, July 2, 1819, and died 
at South Weymouth, in 1907. He married 
Mary E. Hudson (intention dated September 
22, 1844 at Halifax), daughter of Isaac Hud- 
son, of Halifax. She was born in 1822, at South 
Hanson, and died at South Weymouth in 1892. 
He was a carpenter in South Weymouth. Chil- 
dren : I. Isaac \\'.. born 1845. 2. Mary Niles, born 
1846: married Alfred O. Crawford (see Craw- 
ford"). 3. David O., born 1849. 4. Charles 
F.. born 1858: married (first) Annie G. Hall; 
(second) Sarah ]\Iacelveen ; children: Doris 
H., John W. 

Christopher Wadsworth, 
\\ ADS^^ ORTH immigrant ancestor, was 
born in England and 
from the records in a Bible which he brought 
with him to New England, and which is now 
owned by the Cowles family in Hartford, Con- 
necticut, he is believed to be the son of 
Thomas Wadsworth. He is thought to have 
come in the same ship with William Wads- 
worth, who may have been his brother. Will- 
iam came in the ship "Lion," which sailed 
Sunday, September 16, 1832, with one hun- 
dred and twenty-three passengers, of which 
fifty were children. After a twelve weeks 
voyage the ship touched at Cape Ann and five 
days later landed at Boston. William settled 
in Cambridge and in 1630 removed to Hart- 
ford, Connecticut. Christopher lived and died 
at Duxbury, Massachusetts. He was a promi- 
nent citizen in a town where such prominent 
men as Allies Standish, Elder Brewster and 
John Alden lived. He married Grace Cole. 
He was the first constable, elected January i, 
1633-34. and serving again in 1638. He was 
admitted a freeman in 1633. He served as 
selectman, deputy to the general court many 
years, and as highway surveyor at various 
times. In 1638 he drew land at Holly Swamp, 
and the site of his house is west of Captain's 
Hill, near the new road to Kingston. His 
lands ran clear to the bay, on what was for- 
merly known as Morton's Hole. The home- 
stead remained in the family until 1855, when 
it was sold. His will, dated July 31, 1677, 
was filed in September, 1678. His widow 
Grace made a will dated January, 1687-88, in 
old age and infirmities, which was proved 
June 13, 1688. Children: i. Mary, married 
Andrews. 2. Samuel, mentioned be- 
low. 3. Joseph, born 1636, died 1689; married, 

1655, Abigail Wait; (second) Mary . 

4. John, born 1638, died 1700; married, 1667, 
Abigail Andrews ; lived on the homestead and 
was deacon of the Duxbury church many 
years : eleven children. 

(II) Captain Samuel, son of Christopher 
Wadsworth, was born probably in 1630 in 
England, the eldest son. He came to New 
England with his father and settled in Bridge- 
water, then Duxbury plantation, where he was 
a taxpayer from 1655 to 1665. He occupied 
the land at Bridgewater owned by his father, 
and had a sixty-fourth interest in the town- 
ship. His son Timothy succeeded his grand- 
father as owner in 1686. Captain Samuel and 
his brother. Joseph Wadsworth, owned land at 
Bridgewater longer than an}' other of the early 



settlers after they moved away from the town. 
Captain Samuel bought a beautiful tract of 
land in Dorchester in what is now Alilton, 
about 1660. The farm was between the Blue 
Hills, Milton and Boston. Some of this prop- 
erty is still owned by descendants, having been 
in the family ever since the first settlement. 
Captain Samuel was a man of means and influ- 
ence, active in church and state. His descend- 
ants of the name of Wadsworth are more 
numerous than those of any of his brothers. 
He was a soldier in King Philip's war in com- 
mand of the Milton company. In April, 1676, 
he was ordered to Alarlborough with fifty men 
to strengthen the garrison in that town. On 
the way thither his command passed through 
Sudbury, where the Indians were in hiding. 
After Captain \\'adsworth reached Marl- 
borough he learned. that the Indians had attack- 
ed the settlement at Sudbury and burned the 
houses on the east side of the Sudbury river. 
The \\'atertown soldiers under Captain Hugh 
i\Iason checked the enemy, but ^^'adsworth 
hurried to his relief without waiting for his 
men to rest, though they had marched all day 
and the night before. Captain Brocklebank 
went with the company and some of the Marl- 
borough garrison. Captain Wadsworth and 
his men were ambushed by about five hun- 
dred Indians, with the usual savage attack. 
After a desperate struggle for five hours 
Wadsworth had lost five men; the Indians 
had lost more than a hundred. But as night 
approached the Indians set fire to the dry 
grass, the smoke blinding the colonists, and 
they were obliged to abandon their sheltered 
position and were literally cut to pieces. Cap- 
tain Wadsworth, covered with wounds,- it is 
said, was one of the last to fall. Thirty men, 
including Captain Brocklebank, Captain \\'ads- 
worth, and two other officers, were slain, and 
were buried in one grave. The twenty who 
escaped found refuge in a mill that had been 
fortified, and were rescued by Captain Pren- 
tice and Captain Crowell. Five or six were 
taken ]irisoners and tortured to death by fire. 
The date of this fight was April, 1676, some 
authorities giving the 1 8th, others the 21st. 
Captain ^^'adsworth is described as "that reso- 
lute stout-hearted soldier, one worthy to live 
in our history under the name of a good man." 
The first monument to him and his comrades- 
in-arms buried in the battle field at Sudbury 
was erected by his son. President Wadsworth, 
of Harvard College. On November 27, 1852, 
a monument built by the joint action of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the town 

of Sudbury was dedicated. At that time the 
twenty-nine bodies were all found, the marks 
of the wounds showing in some cases after a 
lapse of nearly two hundred years. He mar- 
ried Abigail Lindall, of Marshfield. Children 
of Captain Wadsworth: i. Ebenezer, born 

1660, died 1717; married Mary . 2. 

Christopher, 1661, died unmarried, 1687; his 
grave is marked by the oldest stone in the 
graveyard at Milton. 3. Timothy, 1662. 4. 
Joseph, 1667, died 1750. 5. Rev. Benjamin, 
1670, graduated at Harvard College, 1690; 
president of Harvard, 1725: died 1734; mar- 
ried Ruth Curwin. 6. Abigail, 1672, married 
Andrew Boardman. 7. John, mentioned below. 
The family met with a severe loss a few weeks 
before the birth of Rev. Benjamin, before 
mentioned. The dwelling house in which they 
lived took fire in the night time, burning 
to the ground. A few articles of household 
furniture and clothing were saved, and, as a 
temporary shelter while a new house was 
being erected, the family resided in the barn, 
and here the future college president was born. 

( III) Deacon John, son of Captain Samuel 
Wadsworth. was born in Milton in 1674, and 
died in 1734, leaving a large estate, valued at 
seven thousand and eighty-two pounds. Among 
his eft'ects was a negro slave, Caesar. Deacon 
John Wadsworth was a prominent man in both 
church and town aiTairs at Milton. He was 
deputy to the general court in 1717-25-26-32- 
33. He was associated with Manasseh Tucker, 
Samuel ]\Iiller and Moses Belcher in the pur- 
chase of the Blue Hill lands, fifteen hundred 
acres of which were annexed to Milton in 
1 712. He married Elizabeth Vose, who died 
in 1756. Children: i. Mary, born 1699, mar- 
ried, 1720, Robert Anderson. 2. Abigail, 1700,. 
married Benjamin Fenno. 3. Elizabeth, 1701, 
married T. Tolman. 4. Rev. John, 1703, grad- 
uated at Harvard, 1723; died June 15, 1766. 

5. Ruth, 1705, married Parrot. 6. 

Benjamin, 1707, mentioned below. 7. Joseph, 
1712. 8. Grace, 1713, married Thomas Dean,, 
of Dedham. 9. ]\Iargaret, 17 14, married Ben- 
jamin Fuller. 10. Hannah, 1716. 11. Ebe- 
nezer, 1718, married Patience Swift. 12. Sam- 
uel, 1720. 

(R) Deacon Benjamin, son of Deacon 
John Wadsworth, was born in Milton in 1707, 
and died October 17, 1771. He built a house 
on Wadsworth Hill, Milton, about the time of 
his marriage. The house is still standing. He 
was a prominent man and twenty-eight years 
deacon of the church. He married, in 1735, 
Esther Tucker. Children: i. Elizabeth, borrt 



1736, died 1 75 1. 2. Ruth, 1737, married Ralph 
Houghton. 3. John, 1739. mentioned below. 
4. Abigail, 1 741. 5. Mary, 1743. 6. Ann, 1745, 
died young. 7. Sarah, 1747, married Ebe- 
nezer Glover. 8. Benjamin, 1750. 9. Esther, 
1752, married Nathan Vose. 10. Joseph, 1755, 
died same year. 

(\') John (2), son of Deacon Benjamin 
\\'ads\vorth, was born in Milton in 1739 and 
died in 1775. He married, in 1760, Catherine 
Bullard. He was a minute-man and started 
with his company on the Lexington alarm, but 
was obliged to give up owing to ill health, and 
died the same year. His widow sent her team 
to transport the cassivus for the fortifications 
at Dorchester Heights. Children: i. Rebecca, 
born 1761, died young. 2. Joseph, 1763, died 
1816. 3. Benjamin, 1765, mentioned below. 
4. William, 1768, died 1824. 5. John, 1770, 
died 1847. 

(\'"I) Benjamin (2), son of John (2) Wads- 
worth, was born in Milton in 1765 and died 
in 1829. He was a plowmaker and resided at 
Milton. H^e married Mary Babcock. Chil- 
dren: I. Rebecca, born and died 1790. 2. 
Sarah, born and died 1791. 3. Isaac, born 
1792. 4. Jason, 1794, died 1870. 5. Mary, 
1795, died 1879. 6. Catherine, 1797, married 
Thomas Copeland. 7. Thomas Thatcher, 1799, 
mentioned below. 8. Benjamin, born and died 

(VH) Thomas Thatcher, son of Benjamin 
(2) Wadsworth, was born in Milton in 1799 
and died there in 1882. He received his edu- 
cation in the public schools and at Milton 
Academy, and learned the trade of cabinet 
making. He worked at his trade at Milton 
for more than twenty-five years. He made 
birch tables which he sold in Boston, and also 
made very beautiful mahogany furniture. 
About 1862 he gave up cabinet making and 
conducted his farm the remainder of his life. 
He was a member of Union Lodge of Free 
Masons, Dorchester, and later of Macedonian 
Lodge at Milton. He served as selectman of 
the town for several years, and as chairman 
of the board a part of the time, and also as a 
member of the legislature two years. He 
attended the Unitarian church. He married, 
in 1829, at Roxbury, ^lary Bradlee, daughter 
of Lemuel Bradlee. Child : Edwin Dexter, 
born December 3, 1832, mentioned below. 

(VHI) Captain Edwin Dexter, son of 
Thomas Thatcher Wadsworth, was born in 
]\Iilton on the homestead, December 3, 1832, 
died there February 21, 1901. He attended 
the public schools of his native town and also 

Milton Academy. On October 31, 1849, a 
month before his seventeenth birthday, he 
accompanied his father's cousin, William Bab- 
cock, to California, going by way of Cape 
Horn, arrived at San Francisco April 6, 1850, 
and spending less than two years in the gold 
fields; returned on account of sickness. After 
recovering his health he entered the merchant 
marine service. He was engaged in foreign 
trade and visited the principal ports of Europe 
and South America, and the far East. Fie 
was the chief officer of the first American 
merchantship that traded in a Japanese port, 
the ship "Florence." Captain Wadsworth 
was then only twenty-five years old. During 
the civil war he commanded a transport con- 
veying soldiers to different points along the 
southern coast. Later he was in command of 
steamships of the Cromwell and Black Star 
lines, plying between New York and New 
Orleans. In 1868 he gave up a seafaring life 
and settled in Milton, where for five years he 
engaged in the coal business. 

In politics he was a Republican and was 
active in town aiifairs. Fle served as select- 
man, and was on the school committee six 
years, part of the time as chairman. He was 
a member and chairman of the board of 
assessors, and was trustee of the public library 
for eigh.teen years, from its foundation. He 
was a member of the board of water commis- 
sioners of Milton and did much to aid in the 
establishment of an improved sewerage system 
in the town. He was treasurer of the Boston 
Marine Society for twelve years, up to his 
death, and secretary of the Society of Cali- 
fornia Pioneers of New England from 1890 
to 1895. -He was for five years secretary of 
the Society of Colonial Wars, and a member 
of the Sons of the American Revolution. In 
1896 he was elected a member of the county 
commissioners of Norfolk county for a term 
of three years, and re-elected for a second 
term. To the exacting duties of this office 
he brought a pleasing personality, ripe judg- 
ment, and zealous care and thought. He was 
a charter member and Past Master of Mace- 
donian Lodge of Free Masons of Milton. As 
a public spirited citizen he was always ready 
with his influence to aid in forwarding all 
measures calculated to be of benefit to the 
community. Always honest and upright, he 
won the respect and confidence of his fellow 
citizens, and gave them in return the best that 
was in him in the execution of the duties of 
the various offices which he was called upon 
to fill. He married, November 5, 1862, Ellen 


Maria Emerson, born in Milton, March 24, 
1840, daughter of Joshua and Ann GulHver 
(Babcock) Emerson, of Milton. Children: 
I. Dexter Emerson, born March 7, 1866, en- 
gaged in the dry goods business in Ouincy ; 
married, June 21, 1898, in Chicago, Illinois, 
Kate Shumway Anderson. 2. -Annie Mary, 
September 20, 1868, died unmarried June 3, 

The Bush family is of ancient Eng- 

BUSH lish origin. The first pioneer of 
the family in this country was Ran- 
dolph or Reynold Bush, who was a proprietor 
of Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1641. He 
mortgaged land there in 1644 and redeemed 
it in 1657. He doubtless removed soon after- 
ward to Connecticut. 

(I) Jonathan Bush, probably a son of Ran- 
dolph Bush, was born in 1650 and died in 
1739. He was one of the early settlers of 
Enfield, Connecticut, and his name appears 
on the records as early as 1680. He owned 
the fourth lot on the west side at the upper 
end of the town and afterwards lived north 

of Freshwater. He married Sarah . 

Children, born at Enfield: i. Jonathan, men- 
tioned below. 2. John, November 22, 1685, 
died young. 3. Sarah, married, in 1718, Ben- 
jamin Sittan and settled at Somers, Connec- 
ticut, formerly part of Enfield. 4. Daniel, born 
November 13, 1689. 5. Ebenezer, August 19, 
1692. 6. Caleb, December 27, 1697. 7. Sarah, 
September 27, 1699. 

(H) Jonathan (2), son of Jonathan (i) 
Bush, was born about 1682, in Enfield, and 
died February 28, 1746. His epitaph reads: 
"He fineshed his Pessabel (peaceable) and 
exemplary life Febry. ye 28th in the 65th year 
of his age." He was a wheelwright by trade. 
His children quitclaimed their rights in the 
estate of their grandfather, Jonathan Bush. 
He married Rachel Kibbe, of Enfield, who died 
in 1786, aged ninety-eight years. Children, 
born at Enfield: i. Jonathan, May 2,-i7io, 
lived in Springfield, Massachusetts. 2. Joshua, 
August 17, 1712, married Experience French. 
3. Moses, 1714. 4. Aaron, August 18, 1717, 
mentioned below. 5. Rachel, May 30, 1722, 
married Job Larkham. 6. Caleb, August 7, 
1725, married Martha, daughter of Ebenezer 
Pease. 7. Elizabeth, January 12, 1727-28. 

(HI) Aaron, son of Jonathan (2) Bush, 
was born August 18, 1717, died at Enfield in 
1805. He was a prominent citizen and for 
many years held offices of trust and honor in 
In's native town. He was highway surveyor 

in 1753, collector of taxes in 1755, tything- 
rnan in 1767, on the school committee in 1770, 
and held these offices and others at dififerent 
limes. He married, September 21, 1743, Alice 
French, born April 30, 1720, died December 

2, 1778. Their home was on Terry Lane. 
Children, born at Enfield: i. Alice, Septem- 
ber 26, 1744. 2. Aaron, August 23, 1746. 3. 
Moses, June 27, 1748. 4. Oliver, May 12, 
1750. 5. Elizabeth, May 5, 1752. 6. Rufus, 
July i6, 1754, mentioned below. 7. Abel. 8. 
Sarah, November 14, 1756. 9. Mary, x-\pril 
^3' '759- lO- John, September 25, 1763. 

( ]\') Rufus, son of .'\aron Bush, was born 
July 16, 1754. He was a soldier in the revolu- 
tion, ?. private in the tenth company. Captain 
iiezekiah Parsons, of Enfield, at the siege of 
Boston in 1775. He was also in Captain Abbe's 
company in the Connecticut Line Regiment, 
1777-81, and saw much active service. Late 
in life he was a pensioner of the government 
and he was living in 1840. In 1790 he appears 
in the federal census as the head of a family at 
Enfield, having two sons under sixteen and 
four females in his family. He married (first) 
March 30, 1780, Huldah Alden, of Enfield. 
She died there October 2, 1817, aged sixty- 
two years. He married (second) September 
2^1, i8t8, Resine Redotha, of Enfield. Chil- 
dren of first wife, born at Enfield : i. Huldah, 
February 10, 1781. 2. Lydia, July 28, 1782. 

3. Rufus, May 24, 1784,. mentioned below. 4. 
Porter, January 18, 1786. 

(V) Rufus (2), son of Rufus (i) Bush, 
was born at Enfield, May 24, 1784. He mar- 
ried, at Enfield, March i, 1801, Sally Allen, 
and the town records state that he was "six- 
teen the last of May, she fifteen in January." 
He was a carpenter and builder and one of 
the leading contractors of that section in his 
day. He lived at Enfield during his active 
life. In politics he was a Democrat. 

(VI) David A., son of Rufus (2) Bush, 
was born in Enfield, Connecticut, 1803, died 
July 7, 1870. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools, and at the age of fifteen was 
employed by Potter & King, plow manufac- 
turers, and remained with them until he went 
to Chicopee Falls. Here he worked on the 
construction of the first water wheels and 
flumes in use there. While living in Chicopee 
Falls he refused to pay the church tax, as he 
did not believe in the doctrines taught, and 
never attended their services. The church 
authorities seized his coat to satisfy the tax. 
He was a strong LTniversalist and assisted in 
the erection of the first Universalist church of 



Springfield. From Chicopee Falls he went to 
Providence and later to \VilliiTiansett and in 
1830 removed to Springfield, where he bought 
the plow and wagon manufactory of Ebe- 
nezer Crane. In a comparatively short time 
he succeeded in building up a very extensive 
business. His factory was at the corner of 
Main and Cross streets. He invested in real 
estate and owned the line of houses on Cross 
street. Bush block, and other property. He 
married, April 30, 1827, Betsey Williams, of 
\\'estfield. died February 22, 1879. at seventv- 
three years, daughter of Naboth Williams, who 
died in 1821. Children: i. Elizabeth Page, 
died young. 2. Austin B., mentioned below. 
3. Elizabeth Page, married Dennis S. Gof¥, 
of Springfield; had one child, Jessie B., who 
married Henry Sattord, of Springfield. ^lass- 
achusetts. 4. Melancthon ^^'hitamore, died 

(VII) Austin B.. son of David A. Bush, 
was born in Willimansett, December 21, 1829. 
He received his early education in the public 
schools and Clinton Institute in New York, 
supplemented by a year at the Norwich Mili- 
tary Academy of Vermont, under Captain 
Alden Partridge. He started to learn wagon 
making in his father's factory, but gave it up 
to go into the grocery business. Six years 
later he took a position in the United States 
armory, where he was engaged in the stock- 
ing department until the close of the civil war. 
Since then he has put all his time into the care 
of the large amount of real estate left him by 
his father. In politics he is a Democrat and 
has been clerk of the returning board of ward 
three and has once received the nomination 
for alderman in this Republican ward. For 
some time he was a member of Cataract 
Engine Company No. 2. He has been an ex- 
tensive traveller in his own country, and is 
well-informed. He is a member of St. Paul's 
Church and its treasurer, and for many years 
teacher in the Sunday school. He married 
(first) January 11, 1854, Susan P. Millard, 
of Levant, Maine, born November 7, 1832, 
died August 8, 1891, daughter of David and 
R(l.)ecca Millard. He married (second) Feb- 
ruary 15, 1892, Mrs. Persis (Crawford) Pros- 
ser. born October 13, 1844, daughter of Will- 
iam and Almira (Cheney) Crawford, of Oak- 
han, Massachusetts, and widow of Charles M. 
IVo'-ser. Her grandfather, Alexander Craw- 
ford, worked in the United States armory and 
iinished the first rifle ever made in the Spring- 
fiei 1 armory. Children of first wife: i. James, 
died young. 2. Harry Dean, born April 2, 

1857, graduated at the Springfield high school 
and in 1879 from Worcester Institute of Tech- 
nology ; has held many important positions on 
tlie Pacific coast and has been superintendent 
of the Dominion Bridge Company of Canada ; 
also with George Morrison, bridge builder of 
New "N'ork, and on the water works of Port- 
land. r)regon : married Emma Wetherbee, of 
Gardner, Massachusetts. She died December 
7, 1907. He married (second) Mrs. Frances 
Davis, January 21, 1909. 

(The Crawford Line). 

Aaron Crawford, immigrant ancestor, was 
born in county Tyrone in 1677. If George 
Crawford were his ancestor, the family had 
been there some sixty years when he was born, 
and George would have been his grandfather 
or great-grandfather. He came to New Eng- 
land with his family in 1713, some five years 
before the extensive emigration of the Scotch- 
Irish began. He arrived in Boston in the 
spring or summer of 1713, and lived there 
probably until he settled in Rutland, Massa- 
chusetts, soon afterward. A member of the 
Crawford family was elected to town office 
in Rutland at the first town-meeting in July, 
1722, and it is believed that Aaron Crawford 
was one of the first settlers of the town. He 
married Agnes Wilson in the parish of Caly, 
county Tyrone, Ireland. She was born 1678. 
Three sons, Samuel, John and Alexander, 
born in the parish of Caly, Ireland, were 
brought over by the parents, also Martha. 
Aaron and his wife both died at Rutland and 
are buried in the graveyard in the centre of 
the town. He died August 6, 1754; she died 
December 10. 1760. Children: i. Samuel, born 

1705, died October 17, 1760: married ]\Iargaret 
Montgomery and had no children. 2. ]\Iartha, 

1706, died September 20, 1795, in Rutland ; mar- 
ried, May 24, 1733. James Bell. 3. John, born 
in Ireland, settled in Palmer, died unmarried. 
4. Alexander, 1713, mentioned below. 5. Isa- 
bella, died young. 6. Mary, Rutland, April 
15. 1721, married, April 15, 1745, William 
McCobb. 7. Moses, died unmarried in Rut- 

(ID Alexander, son of Aaron Crawford, 
was born in county Tyrone, Ireland, early in 
1713, and was but a few months old when 
his parents came to America. He went to 
Rutland with his family in 17 19 and helped 
his father clear the farm during his youth. 
He settled in Rutland and followed the life 
of a pioneer farmer until 1750. when he re- 
moved to West Wing, now Oakham, where he 


died October ii, 1793, in his eightieth year. 
He married, February 5, 1735-36, Elizabeth 
Crawford, who died April 27, 1774, aged 
sixty-two. She was doubtless also born in 
Ireland, in Londonderry county, emigrating 
with several brothers and sisters from Mag- 
herafelt of that county, and settling in New 
Jersey, Pennsylvania and Virginia. She was 
perhaps a distant relative of her husband. 
Children: I. William, died young. 2. John, 
born January 7, 1739, captain in the revolu- 
tion: married, February 9, 1759, Rachel Hen- 
derson. 3. Child, died young. 4. Aaron, mar- 
ried, January 31, 1768, Giles Gill. 5. William, 
born October 23, 1745. mentioned below. 

(HI) William, son of Alexander Crawford, 
was born in Rutland, October 23, 1745. He 
removed to Oakham with his parents when 
five years of age and was brought up on the 
farm, getting a meagre education in the com- 
mon schools. He learned the trade of clock- 
making and became one of the most skillful 
and famous mechanics in his line. His home 
was in the eastern part of the town. He was 
a soldier in the revolution, sergeant in Captain 
John Crawford's company, Colonel James Con- 
verse's regiment, enlisting July 22, 1777, and 
was discharged July 26, 1777, serving in the 
Rhode Island campaign. He was under the 
same officers on the Bennington alarm, from 
August 20 to August 23, 1777. He was short 
of stature and somewhat lame in consequence 
of a fever sore. He became captain of his 
company in the militia and was afterwards 
always called Captain Crawford. He married 
Mary Henderson, born July 30, 1748. died 
November 26, 1838, of old age, daughter of 
James and Sarah Henderson, of Rutland. 
Children: i. Elizabeth, born February 10, 
1774, died February 3, 1838; married, 1815, 
Jonathan King. 2. James, August 11, 1775. 
married Mollie Butler. 3. Lucy, February 7, 
1778. 4. William, February 25, 1780, died 
i\Iarch 30, 1781. 5. Sarah, January 30, 1782, 
died February i. 1798. 6. William, January 
30. 1782 (twin), died February i, 1798. 7. 
\Mlliam, October 5. 1784, representative to the 
general court : graduate of Dartmouth : county 
conmiissioner : general in the state militia. 8. 
Rufus. November 13, 1785, ma'rried, 1820, 
Clarissa Cunningham. 9. Molly, October 6, 
1787, married, June 27, 1812, Samuel Tenney. 
10. Alexander, April 16, 1792, mentioned be- 
low. II. Isabella, February 24, 1796, died 
November 16, 1845. 

(lY) Alexander (2), son of \\''illiam Craw- 
ford, was born in Oakham, April 16, 1792. 

He married, September 6, 1813, Mary Hender- 
son. Children, born at Oakham: i. Emeline 
Mariah, September 30, 1814. . 2. Anson Alex- 
ander, January 17, 1817. 3. William A., Octo- 
ber 7, 1820, mentioned below. 4. Harriet. 

(V) William Amory, son of Alexander 
(2) Crawford, was born at Oakham, Octo- 
ber 7, 1820, and resided there. He married 
Almira E. Cheney. Children: i. Persis C, 
born at Oakham, October 13, 1844, who mar- 
ried (first) August 30, 1870, Charles M. Pros- 
ser, of New Berlin, Chenango county, New 
York; he died January 15, 1878. She married 
(second) Austin B. Bush (see Bush family), 
February 15, 1892; he died December 23, 
1904. Mrs. Bush is a member of Alercy War- 
ren Chapter, Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution, of Springfield, Massachusetts. 2. Mary 
L., born in Worcester, Massachusetts, July 4, 
1846, married Lacell Jones; one child, Lula 
A,, who married Edward Lee; now resides in 
A\'(ircester, ^lassachusetts. 

This family is of ancient Eng- 
. FISFIER lish origin and the surname, 

Fisher, is taken from the occu- 
pation. Some of the familes in England bore 
arms, one of which is as follows: Azure, a 
dolphin embowed naiant or. 

( I ) Anthony Fisher, the first of this name 
of whom there is definite record, lived in the 
latter part of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, in 
the parish of Syleham, county Suffolk, Eng- 
land, on the south bank of the Waveney river, 
on a freehold estate called "Wignotte," He 
married Mary Fiske, daughter of Y'illiam and 
Anne Fiske, of St. James, South Elmasham, 
county Suffolk, England. The Fiske family 
was an old Puritan family of that county, 
which had suffered during the religious per- 
secutions of Queen Mary's reign. Anthony 
Fisher was buried April 11, 1640. Children: 
I. Joshua, baptized February 24, 1585, died 
1674 in Medfield, Massachusetts ; married 

(first) ; (second) February 7, 1638, 

at Syleham, England, Anne Luson, who came 
to New England and settled at Dedham ; 
Joshua came to New England in 1639 and set- 
tled first at Dedham ; admitted a freeman May 
13, 1640; blacksmith by trade; removed to 
Medfield, 1650; was first deacon of the Med- 
field church; selectman 1653-33. 2. Mary, 
twin sister of Joshua, married W. Brigge, of 
Deningham, county Suffolk, England. 3. 
Anthony, baptized April 23, 1591, mentioned 
below. 4. Amos, married Anne Morrise, 
widow of Daniel Locke ; resided at Eastridge 



Hall, parish of Wesley, county Essex, England. 
5. Rev. Cornelius, baptized August 6, 1599, 

married Elizabeth ; had degree of M. 

A. from Cambridge University and resided at 
Brigholt, county Suffolk, England. 6. Martha, 
married John Buckingham, of Syleham, Eng- 

fll) Anthony (2). son of Anthony (i) 
Fisher, was baptized at Syleham, England, 
April 23, 1591. He was the immigrant ances- 
tor, and came to New England probably in 
the ship "Rose," arriving in Boston, June 26, 
1637. He settled at Dedham, and subscribed 
to the covenant there July 18, 1637. He was 
admitted a freeman in May, 1645, and was 
selectman of Dedham in 1646-47; elected 
county commissioner September 3, 1660, and 
deputy to the general court. May 2, 1649. He 
was woodreeve in 1653-54-57-58-61-62. He 
removed to Dorchester and was chosen select- 
man there December 5, 1664, and the two 
3"ears following ; was commissioner in 1666. 
He died in Dorchester, April 18, 1671. His 
first wife Mary was admitted to the church 
at Dedham, March 2"]. 1642, and he on March 
14, 1645. He married (second) November 14, 
1663, Isabel Breck, widow of Edward Breck, 
of Dorchester. Children, all by first wife : i. 
Anthony, mentioned below. 2. Cornelius, 
married (first) February 23, 1653, at Dedham, 
Leah Heaton, who died at Wrentham, January 
12, 1664; married (second) July 25, 1665, 
Sarah Everett ; he died at Wrentham, June 2, 
1699. 3. Nathaniel, born, at Syleham, Eng- 
land, came to Dedham, 1637, and married there 
December 26, 1649, Esther Hunting ; died at 
Dedham, May 23, 1676. 4. Daniel, born in 
England, came to Dedham, 1637, admitted 
freeman. May 13, 1640; called sergeant in the 
records ; member of Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company. 1642, and sergeant in 1655 ; 
mentioned as ensign in 1658-59 ; appointed 
captain of militia, October 15, 1673; about 
1671 two of the regicide judges of Charles I, 
Colonel Goffe and Colonel Whalley, were 
hidden by Captain Daniel Fisher in a little 
wood back of his house on Lowder street, 
near a pond ; Captain Daniel's daughter Lydia 
supplied them with food ; Gofife was sent dis- 
guised as a servingman on horseback to Had- 
ley, remaining a year in the care of friends of 
Captain Daniel Fisher; Daniel married, No- 
vember 16, 1641, Abigail Alariott. 5. Lydia, 
married Daniel Morse, of Sherborn. 6. John, 
died in Dedham, September 5, 1637, the first 
death recorded in Dedham. 

(HI) Anthony (3), son of Anthony (2) 

Fisher, was born in England, came with his 
parents to New England, and settled in Ded- 
ham in 1637. He was a member of the 
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company in 

1644. He was admitted a freeman. May 6, 
1646, and joined the Dedham church, July 20, 

1645. He was chosen surveyor of Dedham 
in 1652-53-54. He removed to Dorchester 
and was selectman there in 1666. He married, 
in Dedham, September 7, 1647, Joanna Faxon, 
only daughter of Thomas and Jane Faxon, of 
Braintree. Children: i. Mehitable, born June 
27, 1648, p