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0122787 





The original Ralph Banks home in Elbert county, Georgia. 



[INDEXED G. S 



SEP 30 1946 



THE GENEALOGICAL RECORD 



OF THE 



BANKS FAMILY 



OF ELBERT COUNTY, GEORGIA, COLLECTED BY THE LATE 



ELBERT AUGUSTINE BANKS, M. D. 



WITH 



GLEANINGS AND CHARACTER SKETCHES 



COMPILED BY 



GEORGIA BUTT YOUNG. 



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SECOND EDITION EDITED BY 

SARAH BANKS FRANKLIN 









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GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY 

OF THE CHURCH OP JESUS CHRIST 
OP UTTER-DAy SAINTS 




Coat of Arms 



DEDICATION 

FIRST EDITION 
to the memory of 

DR. ELBERT AUGUSTINE BANKS 

to whose unselfish and untiring efforts in its behalf 

THE BANKS FAMILY OF GEORGIA 

is primarily indebted for the genealogical records 
of this book. 



This second edition of the Banks book 

is dedicated 

To these outstanding members of the Banks family 

RAFE BANKS 
Grandson of Dr. Richard Banks 

James Oliver Banks 

Grandson of Willis Banks 

This book grew from their encouragment. 



m^miY HISTORY LIBRARY' 
SALT LAKE CSJY, UTAH 841 5p 





"^^ ,.v<s« 




Rape Banks 





James Oliver Banks 



CONTENTS 

Preface to First Edition 1 

Preface to Second Edition ^ 2 

Some Early Members of the Banks Family 5 

Line of Descent of Thomas Banks, Sr., by Dr. G. G. Smith 10 

Banks Coat of Arms {Illustrat'w:i following title page) 11 

Corfe Castle 13 

Descent of Rachel Jones from Alfred the Great 17 

A Sketch of Thomas Banks, by J . H. Ln.idruiu 20 

Banks Marria<ie Records in Granville County, N. C 24 

Banks Chapel, Granville County, N. C 25 

Banks Genealogical Record, 1709-1937 31 

Genealogical Record of Thomas Banks 35 

Willis Banks 41 

James Jones Banks 48 

Sally Banks Sims 61 

Richard Banks 7 1 

Ralph Banks 74 

John Banks 87 

Mary Banks Napier 94 

Dunstan Banks 97 

Priscilla Banks Butt 101 

Henry Banks 1 15 

Lemuel Banks 119 

Elbert Banks 1 24 

Marion Banks 1 24 

Necrologv 124 

Sally Chandler Banks Blackwell 125 

Dunstan Banks 128 

William Banks 1 28 

James Banks, first 1 28 

John Banks, first 140 

GLEANINGS AND CHARACTER SKETCHES 

Ralph Banks, Sr., by Georgia Butt Young 150 

Rachel Jones Banks, by Georgia Butt Young 155 

James Jones Banks, by Bishop O. P. Fitzgerald 158 

Richard Banks, M. D., from Surgical Journal 160 



John Banks of Columbus, Ga., by G. J. Peacock 165 

bunston Hanks, by Liicile M'ebb Banks 172 

Henrv and Lemuel Banks, by Georgia Butt Young 173 

Marion Banks, by Frank S. Moody 176 

James Oliver Banks, by Georgia Butt Young 180 

Edward Sims, by IV. C Smith 183 

Lucy Banks Yonge, by Sam J. Slate, Jr 184 

Lemuel Banks, by ff'i/liam Stone Fitzgerald 187 

Education in the Family, by Georgia Butt Young 189 

Will of Ralph Banks, Sr 192 

Inventory of the Estate of Ralph Banks 194 

Old Banks Home {See Frontispiece) 197 

"Before the War" House Goes Modern, by Varian Feare 197 

Some Heirlooms 203 

ALLIED FAMILIES 

Austin 208 

Oliver 208 

Watkins 209 

Maxwell, Tait, Butt 210 

Scott— Gray 211 

Napier 212 

Webb 213 

Chipman 214 



PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION 

TO MANY persons genealogical records are a tangled maze, 
obscure and unintelligible, commencing anywhere and ending 
nowhere, a very jack-o-lantern, flitting here and there, luring its 
bewildered victim ever deeper and deeper into bogs and quagmires. 

A few familiar names stand out as head-lights, but beyond 
these all is dark and undefined. The compiler of the records of 
this little volume has endeavored by the use of different type and 
numerals for each generation to remove as much as possible all 
obscurity, and render it an easy task to trace each name back to the 
progenitor of the Banks family of Elbert County, Georgia. 

As stated in the dedication, the genealogical records were for 
the most part gathered by the late Elbert Augustine Banks, M. D., 
formerly of Wynnton, a suburb of Columbus, Ga., and later of the 
City of New York. 

From the close of the war between the states till a few years 
previous to his all too early death — a period covering twenty-five 
years — he gave the leisure hours from a busy professional life to 
accumulating data concerning his ancestors and their descendants. 

His earnest efforts to secure a full account of the Banks 
family in the United States were not seconded by those he sought 
to benefit as fully as was expected. Some were indifferent to the 
subject, others regretfully ignorant of the family history, while 
only a small proportion gave generously their full stock of 
information. Much of the material gathered by Dr. Banks was 
irrelevant, in that it concerned other branches of the family too 
remotely connected to the Georgia Bankses to be of special interest 
to them. Among those who supplied Dr. Banks with valuable data 
were the late Mrs. Lou Banks Stephens, of Forsyth ; Mrs. B. B. 
McCowen, of Culloden; Mrs. Warren Watkins, of Opelika, and 
Lem Banks, Esq., of Memphis. 

To these must be added others of recent date who have been 
most kind and helpful to the compiler, giving much valued infor- 
mation. Of them are Mrs. Mattie Burch and Judge J. J. Burch, 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



of Elberton; Mrs. JMina Banks Bradley, of Newman; Mrs. C. J. 
Florence, of Indian Territory; Mrs. Sarah Moody Purser, of 
Tuscaloosa; Miss Sarah Trimble, Mrs. J. N. Feagan, Mrs. Philo 
Blackshear, and others. 

In some instances there have been discrepancies in the records 
of the same family. In such cases the preference has been given to 
the statements of those most nearly related. In genealogcial work 
mistakes are almost inevitable. The greatest care and solicitude 
as to correctness in detail cannot always prevent minor errors. 
Not infrequently records are made out from memory, no written 
authority being available, and the compiler can only "follow copy," 
be it right or wrong. A careful revision has been made of all 
material here given, with the hope that few mistakes will be found. 
Grateful acknowledgments are due Dr. Joseph A. Groves, who 
kindly allowed the use of some of the data given in his valuable 
and complete account of the Alstons and Allstons, and to Mrs. 
Stubbs, whose interesting "Early Settlers of North Alabama," was 
freely drawn upon for certain facts she had gained in her 
researches. 

This booklet is not a history of the Banks family in the 
United States, that is a very large field, since the name is found 
from Canada to Mexico, and is borne by many thousand citizens 
of this Republic. The material gathered by Dr. Banks was care- 
fully gone over, and only that bearing on the descendants of 
Thomas Banks has been used in the preparation of this record. 
Earnest efforts have been made to authenticate every detail given 
in the book, and it is believed nothing has been set down as a fact 
that is not such. 

The compiler would have hesitated to offer to her kinspeople 
so small an amount of information had she not felt it was due the 
memory of Dr. Banks to preserve what he had so carefully 
garnered, and she also hoped to smooth the way for some future 
genealogist of the family whose time and opportunities would 
enable them to obtain a fuller and more complete record of the 
remote ancestors of the house of Banks of Elbert. 
Columbus, Miss., February, 1906. 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



PREFACE TO SECOND EDITION 

IT HAS been pointed out to me that a second edition of this 
book would be incomplete without a detailed research into 
the English history of the Banks family. I regret that I was 
unable to do this but my opportunities and circumstances made 
this research impossible. I refused, however, to be discouraged 
from a second edition because of this, for it seemed to me that our 
greatest need was not for more history but for more knowledge 
of our cousins of today. No Banks of my generation nor our 
children are in our first book for our place is in this second 
edition. I hope when those of you who were born since 1906 see 
your name in the Banks book for the first time that you may 
experience something of the thrill that I had when in 1920 my 
father inserted an addendum in our copy of the Banks book and I 
saw my name appearing alongside those of the illustrious Bankses 
of 3Tsterday and today. 

This book has been made possible through the enthusiastic 
response which I have received from all branches of our family. 
Especially am I grateful to the following for their help in 
assembling the data for their lines — Rafe Banks, James Oliver 
Banks, Mrs. Betty Banks, Miss Lucille Webb Banks, Alexander 
Banks, Mrs. Wattie Young Hopkins, Mrs. Erskine Young 
White, Frazer Banks, Frank Moody, Mrs. Mina Bradley, John 
W. Banks, Arthur Butts, John Banks, Mrs. Pearl Banks Watkins, 
William Stone Fitzgerald and Mrs. Lucy Wilkinson Edwards. 
Space does not permit the listing of all of you to whom I am 
indebted. To the rest of j'ou I say from the bottom of my heart — 
thank you. 

I should like to express my appreciation to Mr. J. H. Lan- 
drum for his article concerning Thomas Banks. 

I have worked for two and a half years contacting the various 
branches of our family and I can truthfully say the Banks of 
Elbert reach from coast to coast with a cousin in every town ! For 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



any error or any omission in this second edition I am sorry. I 
have checked and rechecked all data and in many cases I have 
written back for verification of illegible handwriting. 

This is your book. Read again in it the romantic story of 
those pioneers, Ralph and Rachel and their fourteen children. 
Tell your children this colorful story and inculcate in them love of 
and pride in the Banks family of Elbert. 

Sarah Banks Franklin 
Cartersville, Ga., Oct. 1937. 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



SOME EARLY MEMBERS OF THE BANKS FAMILY 



P 



ERSONS bearing the name of Banks are mentioned in the 
earliest historical records of Great Britian. Whether the name 
was first given to one man or a class of men cannot be ascertained. 
In several of the European languages the words banco, banc, bank 
means a bench, or place raised above the level. The banks of 
commerce were so called because the Jews, the earliest money 
lenders, sat on a "banco" or bench, when dispensing money to bor- 
rowers. This may have no bearing upon the surname, but it is 
interesting to note that the Bankses, wherever found, have been a 
money-making people. 

As far back as the reign of Edward III, of England, we find 
one Simon Bankes, a man of influence and wealth, who in 1334 
married Miss Caterton, of Newton, and his family was known as 
the Bankes of Newton, which indicates there were many other 
families bearing the same name. Simon Banks, though not the 
founder of the house, is the first member of the family to receive 
historic mention in England, so far as has been ascertained. 

Some time later Bankses are mentioned as living in Scotland. 
Among these was Sir Hugh Banks, of Ayrshire, three of whose 
children — James, Lucian and Susan— came to America, settling 
in Maryland and Pennsylvania. Their descendants form a large 
and influential branch of the family, many of whom have attained 
eminence both in civil and military life. Sir Hugh had a brother 
John, who was a merchant in London about 1640, or possibly 
later. The Scotch Bankses were loyal Presbyterians, while the 
English branch adhered to the Established Church. Besides the 
English and Scotch families, there are others bearing the name of 
Banks who claim to have come from France, and still another from 
Holland, while the middle of the eighteenth century gives us Ed- 
ward Banks, a German politician, born in Hamburg. He served 
repeatedly as ambassador to London and Frankfort, and was an 
opponent of Napoleon Bonaparte, and used all his influence against 
him. 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



The noted scientist, Sir Joseph Banks, who was born in 1743, 
was a descendant of Robert Banks, the eleventh in line from Simon 
Banks. This Robert Banks was the son of Henry and Isabel 
Lister Banks. His family remained in England and his brother, 
Henry, emigrated to America. Sir Robert Pepys, the noted j 
chronicler and jurist of London, married a grand-daughter of 
Robert Banks. 

Among the early settlers of Virginia were Miles and John 
Banks, who were members of the Virginia Company in 1620. 

Thomas Banks is mentioned as among the survivors of an 
Indian massacre in James City in 1623. 

George Banks, aged 15, came over in the "Swan" in 1624. J 

John Banks was a commissioner appointed by Charles I to 
look after the affairs in the Virginia Colony in 1632. 

Henry Banks came to Virginia in the "Paul" in 1635, 
aged 19. 

James Banks came to Virginia in 1635, aged 35. Thomas, 
aged 4 years and Elizabeth, aged 9 months, all came in the same 
ship. 

James Banks, aged 30, came in the "Thomas and John" in 
1635. (Hotten's Emigrants.) 

Thomas Banks was granted a deed in Lancaster county 
in 1668. 

Dr. William Banks was Justice in Stafford county prior 
to 1681, in which year application was made to Lord Culpepper 
for the office of High Sheriff for him. 

VViLLLAM Banks in 1728 had 590 acres of land in Spotsyl- 
vania county, Virginia. 

Adam Banks lived in Stafford County in 1674. His son, 
Gerald Banks married Francis Strother; will proven in 1768. 
Gerard Banks, Jr., married Frances Bruce. 

VVilll\m Banks student at William and Mary College in 
1794, afterwards Judge at State Court House. 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Anthony Banks, of Middlesex county, Va., had a daughter 
Elizabeth, born in 1693. 

William Banks, aged 23, came from England in 1635 in the 
"Peter Buonaventura." 

Edward Banks came to Virginia in the "Alexander" in 
1665, aged 35. 

James Banks came to Virginia at the same time. 
William Banks had land in Sussex county, Pa., in 1746. 

WILLIAM BANKS 

of King and Queen County, Va., will proven in 1709, is probably 
the immediate ancestor of Thomas, father of the Bankses of Elbert 
county, Ga. Several students of genealogy agree as to this. 

Dr. George G. Smith makes this statement: "In searching for 
some facts for one of the Banks family in Georgia I found in 
Hening VII., 293, the following 'William Banks, the elder, 
formerly of the parish of St. Stephens, died in 1709, gave his land 
to his son and heir, Ralph. Ralph had an older son and heir, 
William, who died in 1748, leaving his oldest son, Tunstall.' " 

In "Burke's Landed Gentry" is given the lineage of Sir John 
Banks, Chief Justice in 1640, w^ho was a son of John Banks, a 
merchant of London, and Elizabeth Hassel. Sir John left a son. 
Sir Ralph, who had a son John, who had two sons, John and 
William. John died in 1714 and William died in Virginia in 
1709, and had a son Ralph. The coat of arms given by Burke of 
Simon Banks . . . differs somewhat from that of Sir John, 
ancestor of Ralph. It has the same four fleur-de-lis, but a dif- 
ferent crest. 

"The Georgia Bankses descend directly from Thomas Banks, 
of North Carolina, through Ralph Banks of Elbert county, 
Georgia, and probably William of 1709." — George G. Smith in 
Baltimore Sun of June, 1905. 

The Sir John Banks mentioned above was an English jurist 
and Lord Chief- Justice in the reign of Charles I. He was born 
at Keswick in 1589, died December 28, 1644. He left the Uni- 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



vcrsity of Oxford before taking his degree, going to London, and 
there applying himself with the greatest assiduity to the study of 
law. He became Attorney General in 1634, and received the 
honor of knighthood. 

In 1640 he succeeded Sir Edward Littleton as Chief-Justice 
of the Common Pleas, and was distinguished for his loyalty to 
the king during the revolution. En 1642 he had the degree of 
Doctor of Laws conferred on him by the University of Oxford, 
and was made a member of the King's Privy Council. 

At the outbreak of the civil war he pronounced the conduct 
of the parlimentary generals treasonable; the parliment in turn 
declared him and his associate justices traitors, and sent a force 
to attack his residence at Corfe Castle, in the Isle of Purbeck. 
In the absence of her husband Lady Banks successfully and 
courageously defended the castle with only the help of her servants 
and retainers. 

Sir John Banks had a high reputation for legal learning, and 
was buried in the Cathedral of Christ Church, Oxiord.— {New 
American Encyclopedia.) 

In Watson's "Heroic Women of History" this Lady Mary 
Bankcs, wife of Chief-Justice Sir John Bankes, is mentioned, 
and an account of her heroic defense of Corfe Castle is given. She 
was the only daughter of Sir Ralph Hawtrey. She was buried in a 
church near her castle, and the names of her four sons are men- 
tioned in her epitaph; the eldest of these was Ralph, who. on the 
death of his father, became owner of the estate and was known as 
Sir Ralph Bankes, Lord of Corfe Castle and Kent. The other 
sons were Charles, Jolyn and William. The name of Ralph has 
come down many times repeated in each succeeding generation. 
This circumstance and the recurrence of other family names is 
strong evidence that Sir John Banks was the progenitor of Ralph 
Banks of Elbert. 

In the Bristol parish register are the names of James and 
Mary Banks; their issue, Charles (born 1716), Marv (born 
718), Sarah (born 1721), Priscilla (born 1723), and William 
(born 1725). 



8 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Here again is evidence of kinship, the feminine names of this 
family being identical with that of the daughters of Ralph Banks, 
of Elbert. 

Joseph, James, William, George and John Banks were 
soldiers of the Revolutionary War, and were enrolled from York 
and Jaunita counties, Virginia. Joseph was in Capt. Weaver's 
company, as were the Nelsons, who married into the Banks 
family. — Baltimore Sun. 

James Banks of the "Northern Neck" of Virginia, signed 
resolutions against the Stamp Act. 

Thomas Banks, Justice in Johnston county, N. C, in 1750. 

Thomas Banks, of Craven county, member of the assembly 
of North Carolina of 1776, and on committee to procure arms for 
that county. 

Richard Banks was Sheriff of Raleigh, N. C, w^hile it was a 
dependency of the British crown. 

The name and date of this Richard Banks makes it not un- 
likely that he was half-brother of Ralph, of Elbert. 

One of the sons of John Banks and Elizabeth Hassell came 
to America about 1634. 

A later John Bankes, Esq., of Kinston Hall, was M. P. for 
Corfe Castle. He married Margaret, daughter of Sir Henry 
Parker. Their son, Henry, Barrister-at-Arms and King's Coun- 
sel for Corfe Castle, married Margaret, daughter of Rt. Rev. 
John Wynne, Bishop of Bath and Wells. Their son, Henry 
Banks, was M. P. for Corfe Castle from 1780 to 1826. dying in 
1834. He was succeeded in Parliament by his son, John Bankes, 
Esq., of Kinston Hall. 

The above later members of the Banks family were of the 
same stock from which Thomas Banks, of Granville, N. C, 
probably came. 

Corfe Castle and Kinston Hall were the property of John 
Banks as late as 1852, and probably is still in the family. 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



PROBABLE LINE OF DESCENT OF 
THOMAS BANKS. SR. 

Dr. G. G. Smith, who has investigated the subject, gives the 
following table of the probable line of Thomas Banks, the 
immediate progenitor of the Elbert county family. (Dr. Smith 
gives only the male names.) 

John Banks married Elizabeth Hassell; their son, Sir John 
Banks, married Mary, daughter of Sir Ralph Hawtrey; their son, 
Sir Ralph Banks, lord of Corfe Castle and Kent, married Mary, 
heiress of John Bruen, Esq. 

Sir Ralph had sons. Henry and William. The former died 
in England in 1714, the latter in Virginia in 1709, leaving son, 
Ralph, who died in 1735, leaving an eldest son, William, who died 
in 1 748, leaving *Tunstall and others. From the family names it 
is supposed Thomas Banks, of Elbert, was the son of Ralph. 
These statements could perhaps be verified by consulting the court 
house records of Granville county, N. C, and of King and 
Queen counties, Va. Dr. J. A. Groves' study lead him to the 
same conclusions as the above, that is, Thomas Banks was of the 
line of William and Ralph, which would connect them with the 
Bankses of Dorset, Kent and Southern England. He suggests for 
the clearing up of the matter an examination of the records of the 
Herald's Office, Somerset House, London. 

It is hoped some member of the Banks family may undertake 
the investigation. 



•TunsUll Banks married Polly Murray Custes. 



10 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



BANKS COAT OF ARMS 

As early as 1335, during the reign of Edward III, Simon 
Bankes, of Bankes — Newton, adopted a coat of arms. It is thus 
described : 

Arms — Sa, a cross, or (gold) between four fleur-de-lis, arg. 
(silver). 

Crest — On the stump of an oak, couped, sprouting new 
branches, a stork, standing, arg. (silver) beaked or (gold). 

Motto^Nullins in verbo, (at the dictation of no one) a 
fitting motto for a famih , one of whose characteristics is a sturdy 
independence both in thought and deed of the views of others 
unless these comport with their personal sense of justice and 
propriety. This coat of arms is used by the Bankses who originally 
settled in Essex, Virginia, and is that of Revesby Abbey. Another 
branch of the family have a variation from this, which is described 
thus: 

Arms — Azure, a cross, or, between four fleurs-de-lis arg. 

Clusters of ostrich feathers falling from each upper side of 
the shield. 

Crest — A gryphon or winged head of a horse, couped, on the 
mailed head of a knight, which is claimed as an evidence that the 
Banks who adopted it was a Crusder. The Bankses name is found 
in the English Battle Abbey roll. 

The coat of arms used by Sir John Bankes, the probable 
ancestor of the Banks of Elbert, is: 

Arms — Sa, an engrailed cross, ermined, between four fleurs- 
de-lis, or. 

Crest — A Moor's head, full faced, couped at the shoulders p. 
pr. on the head a cap of maintenance gu, brim turned up, ermined, 
adorned with a crescent, arg. issuant therefrom a fleurs-de-lis, or. 

Motto — Velle vult quo Deus. 



11 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



It appears from the description that the shield is black, the 
engrailed cross is white flecked with black, the fleur-de-lis gold. 
The early custom in heraldry was for the eldest son to take the 
coat of arms of his father, the younger brothers making small 
changes by way of distinction. This probably accounts for the 
similarity and variety in the three coats described. The arms of 
Sir John Kanks are quartered by the houses of Bruen, Marten, 
Pydel, \\'\iine and Jones. 

The seat of the Bankses in England are, Corfe Castle, Stud- 
land Manor, Kinston Hall, (which was built by Sir Ralph Banks) 
Lacey, Co. Dorset. 

Henning gives in vol. 7, pp. 293-295, a document that may 
aid in connecting the broken chain of the Banks family. 

William Banks, the elder, held in fee simple the property 
called Montapike, consisting of 1200 acres, lying in the parish of 
St. Stephens, King and Queen counties, Va. His will, dated 
November 11, 1709, gave this property to his son, Ralph, who 
died in 1735, leaving the entailed estate to his son, William Banks 
as heir of his body. Having a large family of children and not 
negroes enough to work the land the said William Banks, son of 
Ralph, petitioned "The Lt. Governor, Council and Burgess of the 
present General Assembly to grant that a water grist mill and 324 
acres of land be exchanged for certain slaves, Tom, Primus, 
London, Branno, Backus, Betty, Parthena, Violet, Indy, Martella, 
\Vindsor, George, and that they and their increase be annexed to 
the land, called the Home Place. May it therefore please vour 
most excellent majesty (George H) at the humble suit of the "said 
William Banks, son of said Ralph Banks, and George Braxton, 
the younger, that this petition be enacted by the Lt. Governor, 
Council and Burgess of the present Assemblv. 



12 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



CORFE CASTLE 

The castle in its present state though rugged and severe 
rather than picturesque, is a most striking object to those who 
travel from Wareham to Swanage, and the remnants of its vv^alls 
are in sDme places so large and thrown together in such confusion, 
as to be more like fragments of the earth's crust than masses of 
ruined masonry. They are the relics of a place which has held 
many crowned heads, and was from early times closely connected 
with the history of England. 

The fortress that first stood there was built as early as the 
reign of Alfred, at the pass then called "Corfe's Gate," to protect 
the important seaport of Wareham from the Danes. In the 
following century it was enlarged and embellished by King Edgar, 
who, dying in the thirty-fourth year of his age, bequeathed it as a 
dowry mansion to his second wife, Elfrida. Her sojourn there 
was rendered memorable by the treacherous murder of her stepson, 
King Edward the Martyr. 

King John next made it a royal residence of confinement for 
state prisoners. No fewer than twenty-two of the many knights 
and barons captured with Arthur, Duke of Brittany, at the Castle 
of Mirabel in Poitou, were starved to death in Corfe Castle; and 
the hermit, Peter of Pomfret, who had ventured to foretell the 
year in which the tyrant was to lose his crown, was dragged at 
horses' tails to Wareham, then through the streets of the town, 
and back to Corfe, where he was hanged on a gibbet with his son. 
After John's death the Princess Eleanora, called "the Maid of 
Brittany," was found a prisoner within the fortress; and there, too, 
was found a large store of military engines, which John had 
provided in order to subjugate his barons and annul his gift of 
Magna Charta. 

Corfe Castle was afterwards demanded by Simon de Mont- 
fort and his powerful adherents, together with other castles, as a 
pledge to be held by them of the good conduct of Henry 111, and 
it was one of those where Edward H, was kept in the custody 
of Gurney and Maltravers a short time before his merciless death 
at Berkeley Castle. 



13 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



In the reign of Richard II, it was possessed by Thomas 
Holland and Alicia his wife, near relations of the King, and after 
their deaths was granted to the Beaufort family, in whose 
possession it remained till Edmund Beaufort, called Duke of 
Somerset, having taken up the cause of Queen Margaret when she 
landed at Waymouth in April, 1471. lost the battle of Tewkesbury 
on the 4th of May, and two days afterwards was beheaded, with 
the forfeiture of all his estates and honours. The next possessor 
was George, Duke of Clarence. He, too, fell a victim to the 
jealousies and injustices of that calamitous time, being attainted, 
and put to death by drowning in a butt of Malmsey. 

When Henry II came to the throne he prepared Corfe Castle 
to be the residence of his mother, the Lady Margaret Beaufort, 
of whose pious charity and wide patronage of learning so many 
proofs remain in schools and universities. She outlived the King, 
her son, one year, and at her death the castle fell into the possession 
of Henry VIII, and continued unappropriated till the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth. Elizabeth granted it in fee to her courtly 
favorite, Sir Christopher Hatton, afterwards Lord Chancellor 
of England, who spent large sums on the decoration and improve- 
ment of the royal gift. Then, too, the castle gained fresh 
importance from the rumours of an invasion of the coast by the 
dreaded "Spanish Armada." Cannon were mounted for the first 
time on its walls; and, to encourage its inhabitants and the people 
of the borough in their loyalty, the Queen conferred upon them 
by charter the same rights and privileges as were enjoyed by the 
inhabitants of the Cinque Ports, including the right of returning 
two members to Parliament. 

Lord Chancellor Hatton died unmarried. His nephew and 
heir, Sir William Hatton, married Lady Elizabeth Cecil, daughter 
of Thomas Cecil, Earl of Exeter, and dying childless left Corfe 
Castle to his widow A. D. 1597. This lady, being renowned for 
her beauty as well as her great possessions, was sought in marriage 
by the subsequently illustrious Francis Bacon, but she rejected his 
suit in favor of the great lawyer Sir Edward Coke, a widower, 
who had already acquired an enormous fortune by his practice. 



14 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



After her marriage with Sir Edward she had a daughter, who, 
being also a great beauty and great heiress, married at the age of 
fifteen, Sir John Villiers, eldest brother of Villiers, Duke of 
Buckingham, who was afterwards created Viscount Purbeck in 
right of his wife's expected property (1619). The singular con- 
duct and adventures of these two ladies form a curious chapter in 
the court history of the time. 

On the death of Sir Edward Coke in 1634, his widow and 
daughter found themselves at liberty to dispose of a mansion 
whose gloomy grandeur and secluded position did not accord with 
their tastes and habits, and it passed by purchase into the hands 
of Sir John Bankes. Of this eminent lawyer it is stated that his 
extraordinary diligence in his profession, his grave appearance, and 
excellent reputation recommended him early to his sovereign 
Charles the First. He became successively Attorney-General and 
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. The King also made him one 
of his Privy Council, and always testified a great regard for his 
advice. His integrity was generally confessed, and he was held in 
esteem even by the Parliamentarians, until his public declaration 
from the bench that the actions of Essex, Manchester, and Waller 
were treasonable. 

"He married," says Mr. Bankes, in his "Story of Corfe 
Castle," "a daughter of the very ancient family of the Hawtreys, 
whose place of residence was at Ruislip, in the county of 
Middlesex. They were of Norman descent, having come into this 
country at the time of the Conquest. A large portion of the 
pavement of the church at Ruislip consists at this day of the tombs 
of different generations of Hawtreys." 

Sir John died at Oxford in 1644, discharging his duty as a 
Privy Councillor till the last day of his life. He was interred with 
great solemnity in the chapel of Christ church. The only epitaph 
which he desired was "Not unto us. Lord, Not unto us, but unto 
Thy Name be glory." 

Lady Bankes lived to see the restoration of the monarchy, but 
died a year after. The record of her death is thus inscribed on a 



15 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



monument of white marble in the chancel on the south side of the 
ancient church of Ruislip: 

To the Memory of 

The Lady Mary Banks Onely 

Daughter of Ralph Hawtrey of Rislipp 

In the County of Middx. Esquir 

The If'ife and PFidow of the Honble. Sr. 

John Bankes Knight Late Lord Cheife 

Justice of His Late Majesty's Court of 

Common Pleas and of the Privy Councel 

To His Late Majesty King Charles the First of Blessed Memory 

Who Having Had the Honour to Have Borne With 

A Constancy and Courage Above Her Sex A 

Noble Proportion of the Late Calamities, and 

The Happiness to Have Outlived Them so Far as to Have Scene 

The Restitution of the Government With Great Peace of Mind 

Laid Dozen Her Most Desired Life the Wth Day of April, 1661. 

Sir Ralph Banks Her Sonne and Heire Hath 

Dedicated This. 

Sir John and Lady Mary had several children. The oldest 
son and heir Ralph (Rafe) was born about 1627 and married an 
heiress of the B runes of Athelhampton. There were two daughters 
of Sir John and Lady Mary, both of whom married before 1641. 
One married Sir R. Jenkinson at whose home in Oxford, Sir John 
Banks died in 1644. The other children were Dorothy, Jerome 
"a pale quite bookish youth," Charles, William and Ciceley. 

Today ivy wreathes the towers of Corfe Castle and covers 
the walls with never-fading green and grass grows in dungeon and 
vault ; but there still stand the grand old ruins and there they will 
stand whilst England lasts. 

—Introduction to the book "Brave Dame Mary" published 
in England in 1873 by the late Right Honourable George Banks: 



16 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



DESCENT OF RACHEL JONES 

FROM 
ALFRED THE GREAT 

Alfred The Great, King of England, had, by his first wife, 
Lady Alswithadau. 

Ethelan the Great, Earle of Mercia, lineally descended from 
Crida, first King of Marcia. Died A. D. 594 (See Dr. James 
Andersons's "Royal Genealogies 1732, and Betham's "Genea- 
logical Tables.") 

Lady Elthelfleda (D. June 919) m. Ethelred, Earl of Mercia, 
895 (D. 912) son of Hugh the Great, Earl of Mercia, and had— 

Lady Elfwina, co-heiress of Mercia (sister of Algiva, queen 
consort of Edmund 1, who m. Edulf (son of Ordgar, Earl of 
Devon) brother of Lady Alfrida, wife of King Edgar, had — 

Leofivine, appointed by Ethelred II, Earl of Mercia 1005, 
who married Lady Alward, daughter of Alhelstan, the Danish 
Duke of the East Angles had — 

Leofric the Great, Earl of Mercia, or Chester and Leicester 
101 1), D. Aug. 31, 1027, m. the celebrated Lady Godiva of Coven- 
try town, daughter of Earl of Lincoln, had — 

Algar Earl of Mercia 1053, m. Lady Alversa Malet, had — 

Edwyn, last Saxon Earl of Mercia, killed 1071, brother in 
law of Harold King of England. His son, Edwin de Temple, a 
feudal baron, sometimes styled Earl of Leisester and Coventry, 
took his surname from his manor in Sparkenhoe Hundred, Lei- 
cestershire. (See Barton's "Leicestershire," and Lodge's Irish 
Peerages," 1754, under Palmerston). His descendant, Henry de 
Temple, feudal Baron of Temple Manor and Little Shepey, Lei- 
cestershire, (temp Edward I) m. Lady Maud or Matilda, daugh- 
ter Sir John Ribbesford, Knt. and had — 

Richard de Temple, Baron of Temple Manor, (24 Edward 
I) m. Catherine, daughter Thomas de Langley, and had — 

Nicholas de Temple, (See NichoUs "Herald and Genealogist," 
Vol. VllI, also "American Heraldic Journal" Jan. 1865, and Oct. 



17 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



1866, and Baker's "Northhamptonshire, Vol. I) (Temp 16, Ed- 
ward II) m. Lady Margery, daughter Sir Roger Corbet of Sibton, 
(or Isabella, daughter of William Barwell) and had — 

Richard de Temple of Shepey (20, Edward 3) m. Lady 
Agnes, daughter of Sir Ralph Stanley, Knt. had — 

Nicholas de Temple (46 Edward III) m. Maud, daughter 
John Burguilton, of Newton, in Leicester, and had — 

Richard de Temple, buried in All Saints, Shepey Magna, m. 
Joan, daughter of William de Shepey, of Shepy Magna, Leicester- 
shire. Had — 

Thomas Temple of Whitney, Oxfordshire, m. Maria, or 
ALiry, daughter of Thomas Gedney, had — 

William Temple of Whitney, m. Isabel, daughter and heiress 
of Henry Everton, had — 

Thomas Temple of Whitney, m. Alice, daughter and heiress 
of John Heritage of Burton, Dorset, Warwickshire, had — 

Peter Temple of Stowe, Buckinghamshire and Burton, Dor- 
set, who had a grant of the Manor of Marston, Boteler in War- 
wickshire, second son, died May 28, 1527. m. Millicent, daughter 
William Jykett, of Jekyle of Newington in Middlesex, had — 

Sir Thomas Temple of Stowe, created Baronet June 29, 1611, 
Died 1637, m. Esther, daughter Miles Sandys of Latimers, (or 
Eaton) Bucks had — 

Sir Peter Temple, 2nd Bart, born 1502, and Sir John 
Temple, Knt. of Biddlesen and Stanton, Bury, (see the National 
Cycio of useful knowledge, "xi 938, Nicholls "Herald and 
Genealogist," VII, Burke's Kimbers, etc. "Baronetages" Lodge's 
Amercian Heraldic Journal, Jan. 1765, Oct. 1866) married— 

(first) Dorothy, daughter of Edmund Lee of Stanton Burv 
had— 

Dorothy Temple, married, at Odell, Jan. 4th, 1634, John 
Alston of Parvenham Bedfordsher, entered at Inner Temple. 
Buried at Parvenham, Aug. 15, 1687 (his mother was second wife 
of Sir John Temple, his father in law. (See Kimber and Johnson's 
"Baronetages" 1771, 1st, 457) had— 



18 



I 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



John Alston of Parvenham (4th son) d. 1704, married Anne 
Wallis, had— 

Major John Alston, Bapt. at Filmersham, Bedfordshire, Dec. 
5, 1673. Came to North Carolina before 1720. Was associate 
Justice of the Colony 1724-30. Died Chowan county, N. C, 1758. 
Married Mary Clark, had — 

Soloman Alston, married Anne Hinton, daughter Col. John 
Hinton, who settled on the Neuse river, five miles from Raleigh. 
He was member of the Provisional Congress at Hillsboro in 1775. 
(See Walker's History of North Carolina.) In 1771 he com- 
manded a detachment from Wake county under Gov. Tryon. In 
1773 he was made Col. of Militia for Wake county and in 1775 
Col. of the North Carolina militia. In 1776 he was a member of 
the Provincial Congress. He died in 1784. Had — 

Charity Alston, born Jan. 19, 1743. Married Capt. James 
Jones. (Captain Jones was a member of the Provincial Congress 
of North Carolina in 1776, made Capt. of Third Company, First 
Regiment Light Horse Cavalry of North Carolina, April 22, 
1776, and in 1777 served in the State Senate. He was the son of 
Shugan Jones, son of Edmund and Abigale Shugan, who was the 
first white woman to cross the Shocco river.) They had — 

Rachael Jones, married Ralph Banks, in North Carolina, 
Thursday, Nov. 22, 1788. 

Ref. "Americans of Royal Descent" by Browning. 
Daughters of the Crown. 
Order of the Yellow Rose. 



19 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



A SKETCH OF THOIVIAS BANKS 

Recording some of his activities zvhilr a citizen of Granville 

county. North Carolina, and some traditions 

concerning Banks Chapel 



By J. H. Landrum 
Oxford, (Granville county), North Carolina 



Thomas Banks, of Granville county, N. C, moved to Wilkes 
county. Georgia, along with his son, Ralph Banks, and possibly 
other members of his family in 1784-85. That part of Wilkes 
county in which Ralph Banks settled was later cut off into Elbert 
county. It is possible that Joseph Blackwell, who married Sally 
Chandler Banks, a daughter of Thomas by his first m-rra-^e. had 
gone to Georgia earlier, as we find in Will Book 1, page 299, 
Granville county, N. C, a "Deed of Gift" from Thomas Banks to 
two of his granchildren, Dunston and Banks Blackwell. This Deed 
is made through Joseph Blackwell receiving the sum of "three 
hundred and thirty-iu'ne pounds four shillings and for divers other 
causes and considerations," in return for which Joseph Blackwell 
willed to the two children aforesaid "Negro wench named Patt, 
Negro girl named Rose, Negro girl named Mary, Negro boy 
named David and Negro child named Shadrach." This deed of 
-Mft was proven by the oaths of John Rust and Ralph Banks at the 
February terms of court, 1781. Since there is no further record of 
Joseph Blackwell in Granville after this date it is likelv that he 
and possibly other members of the Banks family went to Georgia 
about this time. This could be cleared up by searching the records 
at Washington, Georgia. 

But let us get back to Thomas Banks, the parent stem : 
It is generally accepted b\ historians and genealogists who are 
familiar with the early history of Granville county, that Thomas 
Banks came to Granville county from Carolina county, Virginia. 
The first land transaction on record in Granville county to which 
Thomas Banks was a party was made in August, 1762, and is as 
follows: 



20 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



"This Deed made the 11th day of August, 1762, by William 
Gray and his wife, of Granville county, of the first part, to 
Thomas Banks, Jr., of St. Margaret's Parish, County of Caroline, 
of the Colony of Virginia, party of the second part, witnesseth. 
Etc." The deed called for 253 J/^ acres of land for which 66 pounds 
16 shillings was paid. Book E, page 376, Granville county, N C. 

In Book G, page 371, with date of November 22, 1763, is 
found where Thomas Banks purchased 75 acres of land "near 
Cannady's Mill, adjoining his other tract." Here it is noted that 
he no longer affixes junior to his name. 

Caroline county, Virginia, lies near Richmond, and was in the 
heart of hostilities during the War Between the States. Many 
records were lost in being moved from place to place and others 
burned. The following data secured from Caroline county records 
very probably concerns the Granville county Thomas Banks: 

Order Book 1735, page 307. A Negro belonging to Thomas 
Banks adjudged 10 years old. » 

Order Book 1732-1740 (1735), page 414. A Negro belong- 
ing to Thomas Banks. 

Order Book 1745, page 468. Thomas Banks, juryman. 

Order Book 1752, page 317. Ordinary License for Thomas 
Banks. (Ordinary License was a license to run a Tavern.) 

Order Book 1761, page 354. Thomas Banks paid, etc. 

This Caroline county, Virginia, data also shows: 1 764— Case 
for Tunstall Banks. 1786-Case of Richard Banks. Here are 
the family names, as a great many of the descendants of Thomas 
Banks claim that the name Dunston was originally Tunstall. 

The reader will take note of the fact that the last Caroline 
county, Virginia, reference to Thomas Banks was in 1761. The 
first reference to Thomas Banks in Granville county, North Caro- 
lina, is the following year, 1762, and this first deed states explic-rlv 
that Thomas Banks is from Caroline county, Virginia 

Ralph Banks had a brother named Thomas, but this brother, 
if living, would have been only fifteen years old in 1762. This 
eliminiates him from being the "Junior" who purchased this first 
tract. All the succeeding tracts of land purchased by Thomas 



21 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Banks were adjoining or near by this original tract and they are the 
same lands which Thomas Banks sold in his old days when he 
decided to go to Georgia with his son. Therefore for some reason 
when he first came to Granville county, North Carolina, he was 
Thomas Banks, Jr. It is said by some authorities that in the early 
days the use of junior after one's name did not necessarily mean 
that the party using same was a son of a man by the same name. 
That often it was used merely to show that one was the younger 
of two persons in the same community of the same name. There 
was a Thomas Banks, juryman, in Edgecomb county, 1739. Gran- 
ville county was a cut off from Edgecomb county in 1746. From 
whatever angle the reader attempts to unravel the ancestry of the 
subject of this sketch it must be remembered that in 1762 he was 
from Caroline county, Virginia. 

There are numerous records concerning the activities of 
Thomas Banks in Granville county from 1762 to 1784-85 . He 
took up land and also bought and sold many tracts. All this is a 
matter of record in the court house at Oxford, North Carolina. 

In Deed Book O, page 310, under date of March 31, 1784, 
is found the following: ". . . Thomas Banks to George White, 
both of Granville county, N. C, for 326 pounds 18 shillings, 
Virginia money, 1,100 acres of land, by estimation, and being the 
place on which he (Thomas Banks) now lives." It is said by 
descendants of this George White, and there are a great many of 
them in Granville county at present, that he was a brother of 
Betty, the second wife of Thomas Banks. Also that Betty and 
George were children of a George White, living in Mecklenburg 
county, Virginia. 

Unless Thomas and Ralph Banks moved to Georgia in 
January of 1785 a slight error may have been made as to time they 
left Granville county, N. C. From the above record it will be 
seen that he sold hi's home tract in March, 1784. Recorded in 
Book O, page 409, we find the following entry made just one year 
later, March 20, 1785: 

"Thomas Banks to Louis Taylor. 

"This deed made the 20th day of March, 1785, bv Thomas 
Banks of the State of Georgia, County of Wilkes, but" lately re- 



22 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



moved from the State of North Carolina, Granville county, to 
Louis Taylor, one certain tract or parcel of land on Quicksand 
Creek, both sides, beginning on Hornsby's line and George White's 
corner poplar in a branch," and then follows a long description, 
"Containing 1,500 acres." This deed was executed in Wilkes 
county, Georgia, and certificate sent to Granville county. North 
Carolina. It is possible that Thomas Banks went to Georgia after 
selling his home place to George White on March 31, 1784. 

In Book O, page 442: "Thomas Banks and Susannah, his 
wife, of the State of Georgia, of the first part, and Alexander 
Carter, of Granville county, of the second part, etc." a deed 
transferring 400 acres of land to Alexander Carter. This seems to 
be the last record of Thomas Banks in Granville county, N. C, 
and was, in all probability land belonging to his wife, Susannah 
Hunt, whom he married two days previous. This deed was mad' 
March 14, 1786. 

Previous data shows Thomas Banks to have taken for his 
third wife. Psyche Freddy, March 12, 1786. In the court house 
at Oxford, Granville county, North Carolina, is found the follow- 
ing marriage record: "Thomas Banks to Susannah Hunt, March 
11, 1786." The third child born to Thomas Banks and his first 
wife, Sally Chandler, was named Thomas. Had this son been alive 
and in Granville county it is not likely that he would have married 
on the 11th and his father on the 12th of March, 1786. Of this last 
union was born a son who was named Thomas. It occurs to the 
writer that probably the first son Thomas had met with an un- 
timely death in some manner, or probably killed in the war, and 
that this last son was named Thomas in his honor. He certainly 
would not have been given the same name of a living brother. And 
then there is the deed made by Thomas Banks and his wife, 
Susannah, to Alexander Carter on March 14, 1786. 



THOMAS BANKS ADMINISTERS OATH OF ALLEGIANCE TO 
RALPH AND JOSEPH BLACKWELL 

North Carolina Colonial Records show Thomas Banks to 
have been a Justice of the Peace in 1774-75 in which capacity he 



23 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



continued to serve after the State government was formed. In State 
Records. \'()1. 1-I-, page 993: "An ordinance for appointing Justices 
of the Peace, Sheriffs and Constables for the several Counties in 
the State, Etc." Here a complete list of officers appointed for 
Granville county appears, with Thomas Banks listed as a Justice 
of the Peace. 

In State Records, Vol. 22, page 173, is found where Thomas 
Hanks administered oath of allegiance to citizens of Beverdam 
District, 1778. 

State Records, Vol. 22, page 1 74. Thomas Banks administers 
oath of allegiance to his son, Ralph Banks, and son-in-law, Joseph 
Black well. 

Old Court Books, Granville county, show Thomas Banks was 
member of the court held in May, 1774, serving with Samuel 
Smith and Jonathan Kittrell. 



B.AXKS MARRIAGE RECORDS IN GRANVILLE COUNTY, N. C. 

Richard Banks married (1) Ruthy Hooker, Jan. 12, 1769. 
Richard Banks married (2) Keron — Hooker, June 6, 1774. 
Sally Chandler Banks married Joseph Blackwell, Dec 24 
1771. ' ' 

Thomas Banks married Susannah Hunt, March 11, 1786. 



ADDITIONAL BANKS DATA 

A William Banks drew land in Wilkes county, Georgia, 
sometime after 1800 for Revolutionary War services. 

A William Banks bought land in Granville county, N. C, in 
1755. This land was located some twelve miles from the Thomas 
Banks lands and near the Virginia line. 

A will of a Thomas Banks was probated in Halifax county 

V irgiiua, in 1/75. ' 

In Lunenburg county, Virginia, 1752, is found a will of a 
1 homas Banks mentioning wife Hannah and sons Richard and 
vVilham. 

"Revolutionary Soldiers and Sailors," found in most large 
libraries, w,ll be found where several Thomas Banks' served from 



24 






BANKS OF ELBERT 



Virginia. AiiyoiiL' of these could have been the first-born Thomas 
of Thomas Banks and Sallv Chandler Banks. 



BANKS CHAPEL 

Once belonging to the Established Church of England 
Nozv a Methodist Church 

Banks Chapel, Granville county, North Carolina, today one 
of the most substantial rural Methodist institutions to be found 
anywhere, was originally an Episcopal Church. The building of 
today is probably the fourth structure to be erected somewhere 
around the original site. The church and church lot is within the 
boundary of the lands purchased from William Gray and his wife 
by Thomas Banks, Jr., in 1762. No exceptions were made in this 
deed for church property, but in all transfers of this property from 
this date on an exception is made, sometimes one acre and some- 
tims two acres "for Banks Chapel" church property. 

In preparing this sketch the A^riter has liad considerable 
asistance from several sources, but wishes to especially thank, both 
for himself and the Ralph Banks heirs, the Hon. A. A. Hicks, 
whose family is deeply rooted in Granville county and who has been 
engaged in the practice of the law in Oxford for 50 years. The 
following is quoted from Mr. Hick's records: 

" an order having been passed by the General Assembly 

establishing the Church of England in North Carolina, was 
eccepted in good faith in Granville county. In accordance with the 
law a *Glebe was purchased, consisting of 400 acres. A Parrish 
House was constructed thereon and a minister furnished by the 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel lived there, serving St. 
John's Church at Williamsboro, St. George's Chapel at Harris- 
burg, and Banko! Chapel, which was twelve miles southeast of 
Oxford and Harrisburg. 



*Glebe lands were lands set aside for a Parrish House and for its upkeep. From 
the Parrish House the Episcopal Rector would serve a County or Parrish. When a 
community complained that the distance was too great for them to attend worship 
at the various organized churches the Established Church undertook to carry the 
gospel to them, and therefore the various Chapels were erected. 



25 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



"Two miles east of Harrisburg was a crossroad, and the 
southern end of it has been known for 160 years as the Banks 
Road, as it led from the Glebe Road to Banks Chapel. No deed 
was ever found for said Chapel, but there are many deeds con- 
veying this original William Gray — Thomas Banks tract of land, 
all deeds since 1762 excepting one or more acres for the Chapel. 

"In the early days of the Revolution the Rector using his 
Episcopal prayer book asked the Lord to preserve the King of 
England, whereupon the congregation arose, chased him from the 
Church and tore his surplice from him as he passed through the 
door." 

Just when Banks Chapel withdrew from the Episcopal 
Church and cast its lot with the Methodist seems to be a matter 
of conjecture. In the midst of a great political upheaval the 
Methodist Church was a-bornin' and in the confusion attendant 
thereon records were not given much consideration. What seems 
to be the genrally accepted version of how it came about is some- 
thing like this— and the time somewhere between 1775-1783. 

That sometime after the episode of chasing the Rector and 
the King, the Established Church made an effort to keep the 
chapel within the fold by sending another minister to the people, 
probably a .young man with a degree of tact, and of liberal mind. 
In the meantime the preaching of the Wesleys and their fol- 
lowers around Savannah and up the coast was reaching back into 
the new-formed states. Bishop Asbury had been in the Banks 
Chapel community at least once (1780), visiting in the home of 
Col. Edmund Taylor, and had "preached at the school house." A 
war to the death was on with the old order and people were giving 
outward expression to their emotions. 

It seems that this new minister at Banks Chapel made some 
diplomatic overture to his parishioners which struck a responsive 
chord and he was greeted with an outburst of Amens! Amens 
were about as unheard of in an Episcopal Church of the 1770's as 
they are ,n the Methodist Church of 1937. And this was too much 
for a few of the more sedate brethren, so thev held up the meeting 
by procla.mmg that they had not been accustomed to any such 



26 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



goings-on. The congregation then arose en masse and said, well, 
we will go where such things are considered proper and hold our 
meeting. And they did. 

According to tradition this was the proverbial straw that 
made such a large indenture in the camel's spine, but it must be 
accepted as traditional until further research brings the records, 
if any, to light. When one reflects upon the chaotic state of mind 
that must have been existing in the decade 1770 to 1780 it seems 
plausible that this tradition might have had some foundation in fact. 

From any analysis of the records the conclusion might be 
reached that Banks Chapel had definitely accepted the Methodist 
faith before Thomas Banks and his son, Ralph, left for Georgia in 
1785. Immediately after settling in Wilkes (now Elbert) county, 
Georgia, Ralph Banks is found taking an active part in promoting 
the affairs of the Methodist Church and according to Alston and 
Allston history, page 254, the first Methodist Conference held in 
Georgia convened at his home. 

Louis Taylor, to whom Thomas Banks sold his 1,500 acre 
tract of land in 1785 was according to Hon. A. A. Hicks, a very 
wealthy and influential Episcopalian and remained so until his 
death. If in 1785, Thomas Banks and his family had accepted the 
new creed, and, if at the time Banks Chapel had still adhered to 
the Established Church, with such loyal Episcopalians in the com- 
munity, the name of the church would probably have been changed. 

The written records in North Carolina and Georgia establish 
the character and attest the stability of Thomas and Ralph Banks. 
But to add a little spice let us accept some tradition. Let us go 
further and presume that old man Thomas was sitting in the 
"amen corner" down at Banks Chapel in that long ago when the 
Rector proclaimed that what was needed was a "new deal," with 
full assurance that he had moral support from Ralph and his other 
children. And what a heritage ! 



Author's Note : Just as this second edition was ready to go to 
press I contacted Mr. J. H. Landrum and persuaded him on short 



27 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



notice to compile these facts about Thomas Banks. Mr. Landrum, 
a native Georgian, married a h'neal descendant of Thomas Banks 
in Elbert county, and they came to Oxford, Granville county, N. 
C, to live in 1928. Isabella Kay Landrum, daughter of Elizabeth 
Kay and J. H. Landrum married Archibald Hunter Arrington 
Williams HI, a grandson of Ex-Congressman A. H. A. \Villiams, 
and a nephew of Ex-United States Solicitor General Judge J. 
Crawford Biggs. It is quite a coincidence that after six generations 
a descendant of Thomas Banks should come back from Elbert 
county, Georgia, to the place where Thomas spent his most active 
years and marry a descendant of one of the men (Col. Samuel 
Smith) who sat at court with him in 1774. 



28 




Sarah Banks Walton Franklin 



BANKS 
GENEALOGICAL RECORD 

1709-1937 



31 





Ralph Banks 

1757—1823 



/ 






^ifc.*SSs# 



m 




-Tl 

''I 

■I 

.A 
•'■*) 



Rachel Jones Banks 
1769—1851 



i\K' 



k'^ 







BANKS OF ELBERT 



THOMAS BANKS 

Was born 1709, died Sunday, June 28, 1789. He married, 
first, Sarah Chandler in 1743. Issue: — 

1. Richard B., b. August 23, 1744. 

2. Sally Chandler, b. June 4, 1746. 

3. Thomas, b. November 25, 1747. 

Thomas Banks married, second, Betty White, August 22, 
1748. Issue:— 

4. Ralph, b. October 21, 1757. 

5. Betty, b. February 21, 1761. 

6. Dunstan, b. May 26, 1763. 

7. William, b. February 2, 1766. 

8. James, b. August 4, 1770. 

9. John, b. April 7, 1774. 

Thomas Banks married, third, Susannah Hunt,* March 12, 
1786. Issue: — 

10. Thomas, b. December 23, 1788. 

Thomas Banks, father of this family, came from Granville 
county, N. C, with his son, Ralph, December 25, 1785, to 
Elbert county, Ga. The following year he returned to North 
Carolina and took a third wife. He died at the home of his son, 
Ralph, June, 1789. 

*Note correction of Susannah Hunt as third wife of Thomas 
Banks instead of Psyche Freddy as recorded in the first edition. 
In his research into the records of Granville county, N. C, Mr. 
Landrum finds recorded this marriage of Thomas to Susannah 
The date is the same as that recorded in the first edition for his 
marriage to Psyche Freddy but there is no record in. Granville 
county of this marriage to Fsyclie Freddy. There is a notice of a 
deed recorded on March 14, 1786, in which he signs himself 
"Thomas Banks and his wife, Susannah, of Georgia." She became 
a citizen of Georgia the moment she married Thomas. There were 
other Thomas Banks' about this time but it is hardly probable that 
two Thomas Banks' living in Georgia would have decided on the 
same day to go up to Granvville county to get married. In view of 
these facts I feel that this change is justified. 



35 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



AX IIXACT COPY OF THE FAMILY RECORD TAKEN FROM | 

RALPH banks' bible 

I, Ralph Banks, was married to my wife, Rachel, on ii 
Thursday, 27th of November, 1788. 

I, Ralph Banks, was born Oct. 21st, 1757. 
Rachel, my wife, was born May 6th, 1769. 
Son Thomas A. Avas born Dec. 19th, 1789. 
Son Willis was born April 23rd, 1791. 
Son James J. was born April 5th, 1792. 
Daughter Sally was born May 5th, 1793. 
Son Richard was born October 23d, 179 1. 
Son Ralph was born April 6th, 1796. 
Son John was born October 27th, 1797. 
Daughter Mary J. was born August 10th, 1799. 
Son Dunstan Avas born December 10th, 1800. 
Daughter Priscilla was born September 3d, 1802. 
Son Henry was born November 2d, 1804. 
Son Lemuel was born May 25th, 1806. 
Son Elbert was born January 8th, 1810. 
Son Marion was born June 23d, 1813. 



THOMAS ALSTON BANKS, eldest child of Ralph and 
Rachel Banks, was born Dec. 19, 1789; died July 21, 1835; mar- 
ried MARY CHIPMAN, Jan. 3, 1821 ; issue:— 

I- Llbert Jones Banks, b. Feb. 16, 1822; d. Dec. 1887: 
m. Frances Elizabeth Purifoy Oct. 26, 1845; issue:— 

1. Thomas Caswell Banks b. May 2, 1848 ; d. 1924; m. 
Effie Bloodworth ; issue : — 

( 1 ) Charles Elbert Banks, now deceased. 

(2) Fannie May Banks, m. Zell Gibson Roe. 

(3) Kate Banks, deceased. 

2. Joseph Lemuel Banks, b. 1850, d. 1856. 

3. George Richard Banks, b. 1852, d. 1928, m. first 
Fannie Rudisill : issue: — 

(1) Elbert Joseph Banks, m. first Laura Moss; 
issue : — 



86 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



a. Mildred Banks. 

h. John Franklin Banks. 

c. Fannie May Banks. 

d. Irene Banks. 

e. Alma Banks. 

Elbert Joseph Banks m. second, Mae Harrell ; 
issue : — 

/. Jean Banks. 

(2) John Rudisill Banks, m. Alma Walker; 
issue : — 

a. Martha Banks. 

George Banks m. second Sallie Rudisill; no issue. 

4. John Warren Banks, b. 1854, m. Mary Alice White, 
issue : — 

(1) Irene Rucker Banks, b. 1880, m. Henry Shi 
Gray in 1900, d. 1905. 

(2) Mary Lou Banks, b. 1882, m. Early N. 
Goodwyne in 1901 ; issue: — 

a. Shi Gray Goodwyne, b. 1906. 

b. Ruth Goodwyne, b. 1909, d. 1911. 

c. Mary Earl Goodwyne, b. 1916. 

(3) Elbert White Banks, b. 1892, m. Lucile Zell- 
ner in 1912. 

(5) John Warren Banks, Jr., b. 1897, m. Lucile 
Busse. 

5. Mary Caroline Banks, m. in 1878 Walter Butler 
Floyd; issue : — 

(1) Bessie Floyd, m. Charles R. Gwyn ; issue: — 
a. Carolyn Gywn m. Donald Hartford; 
issue : — 

1. Patricia Hartford. 

2. Gwyn Hartford. 

3. Anne Hartford. 

4. Charles R. Gwyn, Jr. 

5. William Floyd Gwyn. 



37 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(2) Lucy Floyd, m. Benjamin Banks in 1906, d. 

1937; issue: — 

a. Mary Banks, m. Southwood Morcock in 

1933. 

h. Lucy Floyd Banks. 

c. Benjamin Banks, Jr. , 

(3) Mary Butler Floyd, died young. 

(4) Frances Butler Floyd, m. Thomas Goodwin | 
Scott in 1913; issue: — 

a. Thomas Goodwin Scott, Jr. 

b. Walter Scott. 

c. Frances Scott. 

d. Mary Cleveland Scott. 

(5) Janie Lou Floyd, m. Farris H. Wilson in 
1919; issue:— 

a. Farris H. Wilson, Jr. 
h. Jane Floyd Wilson. 

c. Rose Marie Wilson. 

d. Emily Day Wilson. 

(6) Walter Lewis Floyd, m. Agnes McCollum. 
6. SalUe Lou Banks, b. 1862, d. 1864. 

II. Joseph Ralph Banks, second son of Thomas Alston 
and Alary Chipman Banks, b. lj^24, d. — , married first, Mary 
Prichard; issue — \%^^ 

1. Thomas Banks, died young. 

2. Pike Banks, died young. 

Joseph Ralph Banks m. second Miss Davis; no issue. 
He married third Carrie Stephens; issue: — 

3. Kate Banks, died young. 

4. Ralph Banks, died young. 

5. John Banks, died young. 

III. Richard Oliver Banks, third son of Thomas A. and 
Mary Chipman Banks, b. Sept. 23, 1826, d. 1879, m. Fannie 
Green ; issue: — 



38 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



1. Mary Ella Banks, h. 1848, d. 1906, m. Ben Mihnr 
Turner (b. 1838, d. 1900) ; issue:— 

(1) Banks Turner, b. 1867, d. 1872. 

(2) Lily Rebecca Turner, b. 1873, d. 1911. 

(3) Ben Milner Turner, b. 1879, m. Maude 
Crawford ; no issue. 

(4) Charles Gainer Turner b. 1881, ni. Lida 
Wilson ; no issue ; adopted : — 

a. Virginia Turner m. Arthur J. Renf roe ; 
issue : — 

1. Gainer Turner Renf roe. 

2. Arthur J. Renfroe, Jr. 

(5) William Randolph Turner, b. 1883, m. 
Warde Parker ; issue : — 

a. William Randolph Turner, Jr. 

b. Lih' Cornelia Turner m. B. 1. I'hornton ; 
issue : — 

1. Mason Thornton, b. 1934. 

2. Cornelia Thornton, b. 1935. 

3. Benjamin 1. Thornton, b. 1936. 

c. Ben Milner Turner. 

2. Lncy Frances Banks m. Henry C. Price ; no issue. 

3. Richard Banks, died 3'oung. 

4. William A. Banks, m. Fannie White; issue: — 

(1) James T. Banks, m. first Elsie Dumas; 
issue : — 

a. Elsie Banks, m. Fred Monk ; issue : — 

1. Frances Monk. 2. Eloise Monk. 3. 
Gwendolyn Monk. 4. Banks Monk. 

James Banks m. second Mabel Ellington ; issue : — 

b. Roy Banks, c. James Banks, d. Fannie May 
Banks, e. Mabel Banks, now deceased; /. 
Alfred Banks, y. Emily Banks, //. J. T. Banks. 

(2) Vallie Banks, m. Arthur Flewellen ; issue: — 



39 



BAN KS OF ELBERT 

a. Banks Flewellen, b. Alary Flewellen. c. 
Alberta Flewellen. 

(3) Lula Banks, d. 1^37. m. Robert AI. Worsham 
in 1901 ; issue: — 

a. Mary Worsham, m. Tyrus F^recman ; is- 
sue : — 

1. Mary Frances Freeman. 

b. Willie Mae Worsham, m. Marshall Uavis. 

(4) Oliver Banks. 

(5) Benjamin Banks, m. Lucy Floyd in 1906. For 
issue see line of Mary Caroline Banks and Walter 
B. Floyd. 

(6) Mattie Banks, m. Farley Haygood in 1906; 
issue : — 

a. Alston Haygood, b. Farley Haygood, Jr., 

c. James Haygood, d. Benjamin Haygood, e. 
Louie Haygood, /. Martha Haygood, g. Fannie 
Will Haygood. 

(7) iVLiry Ella Banks, m. Cliarles T. Head; is- 
sue : — 

(I. Irene Head, m. Robert Holloway ; issue: — 
1. Robert Holloway, Jr. 

b. Pitt Head. 

c. Louella Head. 

RicH.ARD Oliver B.anks married second, Rebecca Horton; 
no issue. 

IV. WiLLLAM Lemuel Banks, b. July 17, 1830, died 
young. 

V. Mary Louisa Banks, only daughter of Thomas 
Alston and Mary Chipman Banks, was born Dec. 5, 1833, died 
June, 1897, married John Stephens; issue: — 

1. Pearl Stephens, died 1923, unmarried. 

2. Ralph Banks Stephens, b. 1859, d. 1926, m. Mattie 
Alexander; issue: — 



40 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(1) John Turner Stephens, b. 1885, m. Florrie 
Louise Summerford in 1912; issue: — 

a. Martha Winifred Stephens, b. 1913, d. 

1920. 

h. Mary Louisa Stephens, b. 1915. 

c. Nita May Stephens, b. 1923. 

(2) Lemuel Banks Stephens, b. 1887, m. Anna 
Hill in 1915; issue:— 

a. William Banks Stephens, b. 1925. 

b. Helen Elizabeth Stephens, b. 1929. 

(3) Mattie Lou Stephens, b. 1890, m. Hugh S. 
Worsham in 1923; issue :^ — • 

a. Banks Stephens Worsham, b. 1927. 

(4) Kate Stephens, b. 1892, m. Louis E. Zellner 
in 1921 ; issue: — 

a. Kathryn Lois Zellner, b. 1925. 

(5) Pearl Stephens, b. 1895, m. Norman A. Pea- 
cock in 1916; issue: — 

a. Martha Peacock, b. 1917, m. Marshall 
Black in 1935; issue: — 

1. Marsha Black, b. 1936. 

b. Norman A. Peacock, Jr. 

3. Elbert Stephens, died young. 

4. William Stephens, died young. 



WILLIS BANKS, second son of Ralph and Rachel Jones 
Banks, was born April 23, 1791, d. Sept. 1852; married first, 
Mary Winfrey Oliver, born 1803, d. 1820, daughter of James 
Oliver, son of Dionysius Oliver of Elbert county. 
Issue, one child : — 

I. Mary Winfrey Banks, who was born July 10, 1820, /^ 

d. Nov. 1901 ; married Jeptha Vining Harris of Madison county, y)^^-^ ^^^ 
Ga., in 1840. Issue: — - 

1. Mary Oliver Harris, a beautiful girl, who died Nov. 

1862, aged 21. 



41 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



2. inilis Banks Harris, b. 1843, d. 1901 ; m. Anna 
Phinizy Billups, 1867; issue: — 

(1) Willis Banks Harris, Jr., b. 1872, d. Dec. 
31, 1923; married Jessie Johnston of Clanton, Miss. 
No issue. 

(2) John Billups Harris, died young. 

(3) Billups Harris, married Anna Young Banks 
(cousin) 1925. No issue. 

(4) Mary Jeptha Harris, married William Clarke 
Watson Dec. 1905 (he died in Tuscaloosa, Ala., in 
June, 1937) ; issue: — 

a. William Clarke Watson, b. May 13, 1908. 

3. Lucy Jeptha Harris, m. Robert Duncan; issue: — 

(1) Jeptha Harris Duncan, m. Miss General of 
New Orleans, no issue. 

(2) Mary Lucy Duncan married Mr. Howe. 
Issue three children. 

(3) Roberta Duncan, died young. 

Willis Banks married second Mary Gray, b. Aug. 1797, 
d. Oct. 1857. Issue:— ^ 

II. John James Banks, b. 1823, d. 1824. 

Ill Thomas Gray Banks, b. 1824, married Mary 
Waldron ; issue : — 

1. Francis Marion Banks, b. Dec. 4, 1853 in Columbus, 
Miss., married Jan. 1883 H ermine Schaefer, born in 
Frankfort, Germany, Dec. 21, 1862; issue:— 

(1) Mamie S. Banks, b. Oct. 29, 1883, married 
Ernest Romberg b. Sept. 7, 1875 at Freigburg, 
Texas (Dec. 27, 1911); issue:— 

a. Bernard Helmuth Romberg b. Oct. 10, 

1912. 

h. Francis Marion Romberg b. Jan. 9, 1915. 

42 ■ • I 

«i 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(2) Thomas Gray Banks b. Aug. 1, 1887, at 
Nelsonville, Texas, m. May 4, 1909 SalHe Florida 
Haralson b. Nov. 25, 1891 at Colinesneet, Texas; 
issue : — 

a. Thomas Gray Banks II b. Denison, Texas, 
Mar. 16, 1910, m. Jan. 8, 1933 Lucille Allen 
Emery, born Oklahoma City, May 11, 1912; 
issue : — 

(1) Mary Lucille born at Oklahoma 
City Oct. 14, 1933. 

(2) Elizabeth Anne b. June 15, 1935 at 
Oklahoma City. 

b. Sarah May Banks b. Dallas, Texas, Oct. 
21, 1911. 

c. Lucy Mildred Banks b. Freeport, Texas, 
June 27, 1914. 

d. James Robert Banks b. Oklahoma City, 
May 9, 1918. 

e. William Ross Banks b. Oklahoma City, 

Jan. 30, 1923. 

(3) Edward Schaefer Banks b. Nelsonville, Texas 
May 25, 1890, m. Oct. 19, 1915 Etta Posey b. July 
5, 1895 in Haskell, Texas; issue: — 

a. Richard James Banks b. Aug. 1, 1918, 
Texas. 

(4) Frederick Marion Banks b. Feb. 1, 1893, 
Nelsonville, Texas. 

(5) Katherine Anne Banks b. Mar. 14, 1898 at 
Kenny, Texas. 

(6) Susie Frances Banks b. Feb. 10, 1901, at 
Kenny, Texas. 

(7) James Oliver Banks b. April 13, 1904 at 
Fayetteville, Texas. 

(8) Margaret Hermine Banks b. June 21, 1904 
at Freyberg, Texas, m. Nov. 18, 1934 Nevi^man 
Casey born 1909. 



43 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



2. Ida Banks married Charles Fordtran; issue:— 

( 1 ) Banks Fordtran. 

(2) Lilla Fordtran. 

(3) Nellie Fordtran married Judge Eugene Wil- 
liams. 

(4) Thomas G. Fordtran m. Alma Simank. 

(5) Robert Fordtran. 

(6) Susie Frances Banks, b. Feb. 10, 1901. 

(7) Eugene Henry Fordtran b. 1888, m. and had 
issue. 

IV. Fran-ces Scott Baxks, b. Feb. 1827, d. Aug. 1844. 

V. William Lemuel Banks b. 1827, accidentally shot, d. 
Feb. 13, 1836. 

VI. James Oliver Banks b. Sept. 1829, d. Nov. 1904; 
married first. Martha Coleman of Eutaw, Ala. 

1. Mary Gray Ba:iks b. 1852, d. May 1912; married 
first Fernandez Pope Feb. 1877; issue: — 

(1) James Fernandez Pope b. Dec. 1877, d. 
April 1916. 
Mary Gray Pope m. second Hampden Osborne: no issue. 

2. inilis Alston Banks b. 1857, d. July 14. 1934, 
married Jennie Dunlap; issue: — 

(1) Wiley Coleman Banks b. 1896. 

(2) Mary Baco:i Banks b. 1898 (died young). 

(3) James Oliver Banks b. 1900, married Doro- 
thy Oearce Mills Feb. 20, 1936. 

3. John Coleman Banks b. 1859, died young. 

4. Coleman Banks, died young. 

5. James Oilier Banks born Dec. 26, 1865. married 
first Julia Coleman, a second cousin ; issue : — 

(1) Wilkes Coleman Banks, b. March 18, 1889, 
m. May 18, 1916 Mary Watkins Wilson b. Feb. 
27, 1891; issue:— 



44 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



a. Wilkes Coleman Banks b. Mar. 15, 1917. 

b. James Edwin Banks, b. Oct. 5, 1921. 

c. Lucy Bryan Banks, b. Feb. 27, 1927. 

(2) Wiley Coleman Banks b. Aug. 6, 1890, d. 
Oct. 17, 1892. 

(3) Jamie O. Banks b. Feb. 13, 1892, d. Oct. 

17, 1892. 

(4) Ellen Gray Banks b. Oct. 17, 1893, m. Feb. 

18, 1912 Edward Watson Humphries b. Oct. 11, 
1887 ; issue: — 

a. Julia Coleman Humphries, b. Oct. 14, 
1914. 

b. William Washington Humphries, b. Aug. 
27, 1918. 

c. Charles Evans Humphries, b. July 18, 
1927. 

(5) Willis Alston Banks b. June 20, 1895, m. 
Oct. 24, 1922 Emily Rutledge Rhett ; issue: — 

ci. Betty Rhett Banks, b. Nov. 12, 1926. 

(6) Hampden Osborne Banks b. May 21, 1897 
married first Ursula Hilton Jan. 10, 1922; issue: — 

a. Hampden Osborne Banks, Jr., b. Nov. 
11, 1922. 

H. O. Banks m. second Muriel Sage, b. May 27, 
1900; issue:— 

b. Catherine Banks, b. Oct. 22, 1927. 

(7) Julia Banks b. Oct. 8, 1898, d. Feb. 10, 1899. 

(8) John Coleman Banks b. Sept. 27, 1899. 

(9) Ralph Roundtree Banks b. April 14, 1901, 
m. Oct. 3, 1923 Sarah Bouchelle Minor b. May 10, 
1902 ; issue : — 

a. Ralph Roundtree Banks, Jr., b. June 20, 
1924. 



45 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



b. Philip Barbour Minor Banks, b. Nov. 21, 

1925. 

c. James Oliver Banks b. Aug. 21, 1930. 

d. Sarah Minor Banks, b. July 12, 1934. 
James Oliver Batiks II m. second Sarah Buck July 24, 
1906, b. Nov. 1. 1872. 

James Oliver Banks I m. second Lucy Watkins Young, 
daughter of Col. George and Lucy Watkins Young of 
Waverly, Miss.; issue: — 

6. George Young Banks b. Feb. 7, 1871, m. Dec. 
27, 1894 Katherine Yerger, b. May 20, 1873; 
issue : — 

(1) Lucy Young Banks b. Sept. 27, 1895. 

(2) Katherine Yerger Banks b. Aug. 5. 1899, 
m. Oct. 1925, B. P. Ferriday. 

(3) Arthur Yerger Banks b. Dec. 13, 1901, 
m. June 13, 1936, Ernestine F. Lacey. 

(4) Anna Hamilton Banks b. Oct. 31, 1907. 

(5) Frances Gray Banks b. June 20, 1912. 

7. Lucy Young Banks married John Ramsey Max- 
well, May 11, 1904; issue:— 

(1) Lucy Maxwell b. Feb. 19, 1911. 

8. Wiley Coleman Banks, m. Marie Agnes 
Williams. 

9. Anna Hamilton Banks m. Billups Harris 
(cousin) 1925; no issue. 

10. Reuben Reynolds Banks b. March 5, 1884, m. 
Feb. 3, 1909 Martha Campbell Banks b. Dec. 2, 
1884; issue:— 

(1) John Campbell Banks b. Nov. 1, 1910, 
m. Edna Christine McKellar of Meridian, 
Miss., on Aug. 23, 1937. 

(2) Martha Campbell Banks b. Feb. 19, 
1913, m. Nov. 1936 Theron Preston Watkins 
of Birmingham and Jackson, Miss. 



46 







'1 




{pA % 




James Jones Banks 
1792—1867 



BAXKS OF ELBERT 



VII Willis Dunstan Banks b. Aug. 1833, d. Sept. 1833. 

VIII Lucy Ann Banks b. Nov. 1834, d. Sept. 1835. 



JAMES JONES BANKS, third son of Ralph and Rachel 
Jones Banks, was born April 5, 1792, d. Dec. 10, 1867; m. first, 
HAxWAH ALSTON, daughter of James and Grizell Yancy 
Alston, who had come from North Carolina to Elbert county, Ga. 
This marriage of James Jones Banks to his second cousin, Hannah 
Alston, occurred Dec. 10, 1812, Rev. Briton Capell officiating. 
Issue : — 

I. Elmira Banks, b. Nov. 29, 1813, d. Nov. 21, 1819. 

II. James Alston Banks, b. Oct. 18. 1815. d. August 
12, 1821. 

III. Jasper Galenius Banks, b. April 9, 1817, d. Sept. 
7, 1843. He was the first president of the Mobile & Girard 
Railroad. 

IV. Jabez Benoni Banks, b. May 21, 1819. died 189—; 
m. Jane R. Harvey of Talbotton, Ga.. March 4. 1841, Rev. 
James R. Thomas officiating ; issue : — 

1. Jatie Banks m. Dr. Chas. M. Franklin. Union 
Springs, Ala. ; issue : — 

(1) Dr. Chas. M. Franklin, Jr., m. Claude 
Edwards. Had issue. 

(2) Lula Franklin m. John Craven. Issue: — 

(I. Sarah Frances Craven m. Mr. Spence, 
Montgomery, Ala. 

b. Louise Banks Craven m. a doctor of 
Milledgeville, Ga. Had issue. 

2. Lula Banks m. Dr. Chas. M. Franklin, her brother 
in-law; issue: — 

( 1 ) John Knox Franklin married and had issue : — 
a. John Knox, Jr. 



48 












Frances Jernigan Banks 
1832—1906 




James Jones Banks 

Associate Justice of the Supreme Court 

of the Territory of Hawaii. 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(2) Jerome Franklin married and had issue. 

(3) James Jones Franklin. 

(4) Higgs Franklin. 

(5) Jane Franklin married Tom Gahlson and 
had issue. 

(6) William Franklin married. 

3. William Harvey Banks m. Lou Roger; issue: — 
( 1 ) Nona Banks, m. Leigh Andrews, son of Rev. 
A. S. Andrews ; issue : — 

a. Louise Hudson Andrews m. Basil Ruskin 
Seymour Adams of New Castle on Tyne Eng- 
land on Nov. 5, 1930. 

4. James Jones Banks m. Lee Frazer, Union Springs, 
Ala. She died March 11, 1936. He has served for a 
number of years as Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the Territory of Hawaii ; issue: — 

(1) Lee Frazer Banks m. Beryl Macauley of 
Washington, D. C. He is now Asst. Supt. of Edu- 
cation of Birmingham, Ala.; issue: — 

a. Sara Lee Banks. 

b. Mary Cornelia Banks. 

c. Lee Frazer Banks, Jr. 

(2) James Jones Banks, Jr., m. Elizabeth Boyer 
of Ohio. They live in Orlando, Fla. ; issue: — 

a. Catherine Banks. 

V. Richard Coke Banks son of James and Hannah Alston 
Banks, b. Jan. 3, 1821, d. Oct. 23, 1825. 

VI Newton Paley Banks son of James Jones Banks and 
Hannah Alston Banks, b. in Elbert county, Ga. 24th of September 
1824, died in Opelika, Ala., May 1st, 1901 ; married Frances A. 
Jernigan, (b. July 4th, 1832, d. July 20. 1906) daughter of 
Henry W. Jernigan and Caroline Gachet Jernigan on the 16th of 
January, 1851, by Rev. George Carter; issue:— 

GENEALOGICAL SOCitl^ 

51 OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST 

324-14 SEP30 1C 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



1. Henry Jermgan Banks born Dec. 22, 1851, m. Sallie 
Kate Tarver, daughter of Wesly Tarver Oct. 25, 1874; 
issue : — 

( 1 ) Wesley Tarver Banks married Martha Cloyd 
(no children). 

(2) Newton Paley Banks, died young. 

2. Sarah Hannah Banks b. November 17th, 1853, d. 
July 24, 1935, married her cousin, James Banks Tarver. 
Feb. 10th, 1874. (For issue see Tarver.) 

3. James Jasper Banks, b. July 13, 1855, died young. 

4. Carrie Banks, b. Sept. 1858, died young. 

5. Jabez Bunting Banks b. 22 of February, 1861, m. 
the widow of his brother, Henry, Sallie Kate Tarver 
Banks in 1881 ; issue: — 

(1) Henry Jasper Banks, b. Feb. 12, 1889, m. 
Marguerite Dowing June 23, 1910; issue: — 

a. Henry Jasper Banks, Jr., b. Sept. 10, 1920. 

b. Marguerite Dowing Banks, b. Nov. 5, 
1923. 

c. Sallie Kate Banks b. Dec. 2, 1925. 

(2) Ralph Banks b. 1892, m. Lee Baker. Lives 
in St. Petersburg, Fla. ; issue : — 

a. Ralph Banks, Jr. 

b. Kathrine Banks. 

c. Dorothy Banks. 

6. Fannie Bell {Pearl) Banks b. November 19, 1869, 
m. Dr. Ifarren B. Watkins April 27, 1893; issue:— 

(1) Frances Byers Watkins b. June 5, 1895 d. 
Feb. 15, 1896. 

(2) Sarah Alberta Watkins b. Feb. 23, 1897, m. 
Van Wych Williams April 27, 1926; issue:—' 

a. Dorothy Alston Williams, b. Oct. 4, 1927. 

b. Van Wych Williams, Jr., b. Oct. 30, 1930. 



52 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(3) Dorothy Alston Watkins, b. Sept. 22, 1899, 
m. William Manning O'Connell Nov. 5, 1929. 
(No issue.) 

(4) Mary Louise Watkins, b. June 30, 1901, m. 
Edward Knox Powe, Jr., Feb. 23. 1921 ; issue:— 

a. Edward Knox Powe 111, b. Nov. 18, 1921. 

b. Frances Banks Powe, b. Oct. 5, 1923. 

c. Josephine Erwin Powe, b. Oct. 6, 1926. 

d. Mary Louise Powe, b. Oct. 30, 1927. 

(5) Warren Byers Watkins, Jr., b. June lb, 1903, 
m. Claudia Powe Nov. 14, 1931; issue:— 

a. Warren Byers Watkins III, b. May 27, 
1933. 

(6) Newton Banks Watkins, b. June 16, 1905, 
d. Jan. 6, 1908. 

(7) Alston Staddard Watkins, b. April 15, 1909 
(unmarried). 

VII Rachel Jones Banks daughter of James J. and Han- 

I nah Alston Banks, b. in Elbert county, 2nd of May, 1826, d. , 

m. James Monroe Tarver 9th of Oct. 1845 by Rev. James 
Peeler ; issue : — 

1. James Banks Tarver m. his cousin, Sallie Hannah 
Banks, daughter of Dr. N. P. Banks and Frances Jerni- 
gan. She was b. Nov. 17, 1853 and d. in Atlanta, Ga., 
July 24, 1935; issue:— 

(1) Banks Tarver d. January, 1906. 

(2) Rosalie Tarver m. Howard Madison Wade 
Nov. 22, 1900; living in Charlotte, N. C. ; issue:— 

a. Isabelle Traver Wade, b. Feb. 16, 1911, 
m. Morgan Ayers Reynolds of Richmond, Va., 
June 5, 1937. 

(3) Monroe Traver. 

(4) William Traver m. Kitty Pari of Los 
Angeles, California ; issue : — 



53 



J 



BANKS OF ELBERT 

. 1, 

a. James Banks Tarver, M. D. j 

(5) Clifford Tarver. ' 

(6) Fannie Belle Tarver. 

2. Rosa Tari'er, daughter of Monroe and Rachel Tar- 
ver, m. Clarence Caldwell in 1878; issue: — : 

( 1 ) Rachel Banks Caldwell m. J. H. Harland. 

(2) Mary Lou Caldwell m. J. A. Hutchinson; 
issue : — 

a. Mary Frances Hutchison. v 

(3) James Tarver Caldwell m. Jewell Cooke 
issue : — 

a. Betty Caldwell. 

b. James Tarver Caldwell H. 

3. Sarah Hannah Tarver m. Rev. D. C. Crook in 1878 
She died Oct. 1905; issue:— 

(1) Rachel Crook. 

(2) John Crook m. Queenelle Tucker; issue: — 

a. John Allen Crook. 

b. Virginia Crook m. Eldon Pruette. 

c. Sara m. George Ferrett. 

d. Kate m. Hugh Mclnnis. 

e. Queenelle. 

(3) Rosa Crook m. James Howard McLain; 
issue : — 

a. Rachel Banks McLain. 

b. James Howard McLain H. 

4. Milton Wesley Tarver d. July, 1937, m. SalUe 
Berry Bass in 1879; issue: — 

( 1 ) Mary Traver m. M. Oscar Carroll of Ozark, 
Ala. He died in 1936. No issue. 
(2) John Bass Tarver m. Nettie Johns; issue:— 
(I. Gertha Tarver m. Thomas Henderson, Jr., 

of Pensacola, Aug. 3, 1935. 

b. John Bass Tarver, Jr. m. Mary Parker. 



54 



?g--Sj "^ 




Newton Paley Banks, M. D. 
1824—1901 



6ANKS OF ELBERT 



c. Rosalie Tarvei- died 1933. 

d. Winifred Jane Tarver. 

(3) Milton Monroe Tarver, unmarried. 

(4) Roberta Belle Tarver m. H. G. Price. He 
died in 1932. She married second, S. H. Reeves of 
West Palm Beach, Florida in Aug. 1935. 

(5) James Wesley Tarver, d. in 1930, m. Edwina 
Griffin ; issue : — 

a. Christine Tarver of Jacksonville, Florida. 

VIII. Sarah Elizabeth Banks, daughter of James J. 
and Hannah Alston Banks, b. April 1, 1830; m. Oscar Penn 
Fitzgerald, subsequently bishop of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, South, Feb. 1855. He died in 1911. Issue:— 

1. Paul bitzgerald d. in California aged nineteen years, 

2. Gcnella Fitzgerald m. John H. Nye Nov. 26, 1884 
at Nashville, Tenn. Issue: — 

(1) Adolph Fitzgerald Nye b. Jan. 26, 1886 at 
Stormy Castle, Cheatham County, Tenn. 

(2) Paul Fitzgerald Nye b. March 3, 1889 at 
Nashville, Tenn. 

(3) Oscar Fitzgerald Nye b. July 19, 1890. 

(4) John Hooper Nye, Jr., b. July 19, 1890. 
Twins. He married first, Annie iMcCullough July 
7,1924. She died in 1927. Issue:— 

a. Genella Fitzgerald Nye b. May 8, 1925. 
John H. N\e, Jr., m. second, Mrs. Katherine Win- 
stead Ezell in 1935. 

3. Banks Fitzgerald d. y. 

4. Lee Fitgerald. 

5. Eleanor Fitzgerald m. John B. Robertson, issue:— 

(I) Sarah Fitzgerald Robertson d. Dec. 1936, m. 
James H. Cheek of Nashville, Tenn., issue:— 
a- James H. Cheek, Jr. 



56 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



6. Oscar Perm Fitzgerald m. Louise B. Brown July 
25, 1907. Issue:— 

(1) Jean Banks Fitzgerald b. May 3, 1908. 

(2) Gwendolen Fitzgerald b. June 9, 1909. 

(3) Oscar Penn Fitzgerald, Jr., b. July 16, 1911. 

7. Lillian Fitzgerald m. her third cousin, Lemuel 
Banks. She was graduated from Vanderbilt University 
with honor in 1892. The rich promise of her brilliant 
intellect was cut short by her early death in 1902. 

8. William Stone Fitzgerald b. July 17, 1874 in San 
Francisco, California. He served as Headmaster of 
Fitzgerald and Clark School in Tenn., and at present 
(1937) is a member of the English faculty at Duke 
University, Durham, N. C. He married Rachel 
Thomas of Nashville, Tenn., Aug. 24, 1899; she died in 
Memphis Tenn., Dec. 12, 1924. Issue: — 

( 1 ) Rose Thomas Fitzgerald b. in Nashville 
Sept. 10 1900. 

(2) Lillian Banks Fitzgerald b. Oct. 28, 1902; 
m. Paul Hodges of Tuscaloosa, Ala., June 20, 
1933. Issue: — 

a. Paul Hodges, Jr., b. March 28, 1935 in 
Tuscaloosa, Ala. 

(3) Rachel Thomas Fitzgerald b. July 29, 1909 
in Trenton, Tenn; m. Robert McClellan Hill of 
Florence, Ala., on Oct. 4, 1930. Issue: — 

a. Robert McClellan Hill, Jr. b. in Florence, 
Ala., April 16, 1932. 

b. William Fitzgerald Hill b. May 17, 1935. 

IX DuNSTAN Marion Banks, son of James J. and Han- 
nah Alston Banks, was born in Monroe county, Ga., July 31, 
1832, and reared in Enon, Ala. He was graduated from the 
University of Georgia, studied law, but subsequently entered the 
Ministry of the Methodist Episv:opal Church South. He died 



57 



BAKKS OF ELBERT 



March 30, 1912, in Opelika, Ala. He married Cordelia Allen. 
at Smiths Station, Ala. For many years they made their home in- 
Opeh'ka. Ala. The children of this marriage are: 

1. John James Banks, b. April 3, 1852 at Enon, Ala., 
d. at Opelika, Ala., Sept. 16, 1881 ; m. Martha Gotten; 
issue : — 

( 1 ) Lucy Curtis Banks, m. William Reynold 
Power ; Issue : — 

a. Martha Power, m. G. M. Moore, Jr., of 
Montgomery, Ala. 

(2) jMartha Antionette, m. John C. Farley; 
issue : — 

a. John C. Farley, Jr. Unmarried. 

(3) John James Banks, m. Daisy Fairfield Zachry 
of West Point, Ga. 

2. Elizabeth Benona Banks m. Henry C. Jernigan at 
Enon, Ala.; issue: — 

( 1 ) Charles Marion Jernigan m. Virginia Dickin- 
son ; issue: — 

a. Marion Jernigan. 
h. Charles H. Jernigan. 

(2) Cordelia Jernigan m. Walton Crymes ; 
issue : — 

a. Elizabeth Crymes m. Reginald Reindrop; 
issue : — 

1. Betty Banks Reindrop. 

2. Evangeline Reindrop. 

b. Martha Crymes m. Jack Durroh ; issue : — 

1. Mary Neal. 

2. Jaculine. 

c. Ester Crymes m. Earle Newcomer ;issue: — 

1. Earle Kenneth Newcomer, Jr. 

d. Walton Crymes, Jr. 

(3) Marie Jernigan m. F. M. Read. 



58 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(4) Cornelia Jernigan m. Dr. R. B. Rammage; 
issue : — 

a. Raymmond B. Rammage, Jr. 

(5) Elizabeth Benona Jernigan died in infancy. 

(6) Henry C. Jernigan m. Lena Ingram; issue: — 

a. Crawford Jernigan. 

b. John Frank Jernigan. 

( 7 ) Kathryn Jernigan m. R. L. Petty, Jr ; issue : — 
a. R. L. Petty III. 

3. Antionette Banks b. March 6, 1859, d. May 13, 
1934; m. May 14, 1883, W. N. Hurt at Opelika, Ala. 
Issue : — 

(1) Walter Nimmons Hurt b. March 8, 1884, d. 
Dec. 22, 1895. 

(2) Mary Ella Hurt b. June 3, 1886, m. B. B. 
Brooks of Hurtsboro, Ala. ; issue : — 

a. B. B. Brooks, Jr. 

b. Mary Cordelia Brooks. 

(3) William Chappelle Hurt b. Sept. 23, 1888, 
m. Evie Meeks of Columbus, Ga. ; issue : — 

a. Evelyn Hurt. 

b. William Chappelle Hurt, Jr. 

c. Marion Banks Hurt. 

d. Mittie Earl Hurt. 

e. CraM'ford Edgar Hurt. 
/. Nettie Elizabeth Hurt. 
g. Ruth Hurt, 

(4) Antionette Banks Hurt b. Dec. 25, 1890, m. 
S. B. Pody; issue: — 

a. Mary Will Pody. 

b. Walter David Pody. 

c. Sarah Antionette Pody. 

d. Debbie Elizabeth Pody. 

e. Stanley Benjamin Pody. 



59 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



/. Mittie Pody. 

g. Henry Crawford Pody. 

/;. Thomas Edison Pody. 

/. Alma Clarice Pod}'. 

;'. Velma Opal Pody. 

(5) Elizabeth Benona Hurt b. Oct. 22, 1894, m. 
Robert V. Franklin ; issue : — 

a. Robert Edwin Franklin. 

h. Crawford Munroe Franklin. 

c. Homer Edward Franklin. 

d. John Henry Franklin. 

(6) Mittie Robertson Hurt b. April 7, 1896. 

(7) Cordelia Hurt b. x\ov. 3, 1898, d. Nov. 30, 
1907. 

(8) Crawford Edgar Hurt b. Aug. 16, 1900, m. 
Ruby Henderson of Phenix, Ala. ; issue : — 

a. Walter Edgar Hurt. 

h. William Crawford Hurt. 

c. Alice Antionette Hurt. 

4. Mary Banks m. Albert E. Barnett in Opelika, Ala. ; 
issue : — 

(1) Mary Banks Barnett m. Frank Chapman, 
after his death m. Roy Ordway; no children. 

(2) Albert Barnett m. Lucy Browder. 

(3) Sarah Barnett m. Hugh Hall; issue: — 

a. Hugh Hall, Jr. 

b. Sarah Nelle Hall. 

c. Harry Hall. i 

d. Roy Banks Hall. I 

(4) Marion Barnett m. George Reynolds; 
issue : — j 

a. George Reynolds, Jr. 

b. Albert Barnett Reynolds. 

(5) Ellen Barnett m. Lee Timmons; issue: — 
a. Mary Banks Timmons. 



60 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



James J ones Banks, son of Ralph and Rachel Jones Banks, 
m. second, Mrs. Martha Jones Preston, daughter of J. L. 
Jones, April 20, 1854. 

SALLY BANKS, eldest daughter and fourth child of Ralph 
and Rachel Jones Banks, was born in Elbert county, Ga., May 5, 
1793, d. Oct. 19, 1874, m. EDWARD SIMS of Virginia; issue:— 

L Jerusha Jones Sims, b. Aug. 10, 1812, d. 1843, m. 
i^ARON Ready; issue: — 

1. Amelia CunningJiam Ready, m. Malcolm D. Gra- 
ham ; issue : — 

( 1 ) Edward Alfred Graham, a lawyer of promi- 
nence, served as mayor of Montgomery, in the State 
Senate and other important positions in Alabama. 
He died July, 1904. He married Sallie C. Thorn- 
ton ; issue — 

a. Amelia Graham, m. John Stokely of Ten- 
nessee ; issue : — 

1. John Burnett Stokely, m. Evelyn Mil- 
ler of Chicago ; issue : — 

( 1 ) Sally Baxter Stokely. 

2. Edward Graham Stokely. 
At the death of Mr. Stokely Amelia Graham 
married W. J. Sanford. 

b. Anna Graham m. Rev. E. L. Hill, a Pres- 
byterian minister ; issue : — 

1. Annie Laurie Hill m. Friar Thomp- 
son. 

2. Sarah G. Hill. 

c. Mary Graham m. T. J. Wood. She died 
in 1934. 

d. Edward Thornton Graham, m. Lottie 
Baker ; issue : — 

L Mary Thornton Graham. 



61 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



2. Edward Thornton Graham, Jr. 

e. Dorothy Graham, m. Capt. G. E. Deade- 
n'ck, U. S. Army; issue: — 

1. George Edward Deaderick, Jr. 

(2) Palmer Ready Graham, m. Sidney H. Phelan 
of Montgomer}-, Ahi. They moved to Atlanta, Ga., 
about 1880; issue: — 

a. Malcolm Graham Phelan, now deceased, 
ni. Nina Gentry; issue: — one child. 

b. Palmer Phelan m. Mr. Clark of Virginia ; 
issue : — 

1. Sidney Phelan Clark, married and 
living in Chicago ; issue : — one child. 
At the death of Mr. Clark Palmer Phelan m. 
U. S. Atkinson. They now live in New York, 
London Terrace Apartments; issue: — one 
daughter, married and living in Boston. 

c. Mary Anne Phelan m. Barry Wright of 
Rome, Ga. ; issue: — 

1. Anne Phelan Wright b. 1915, m. W. 
Carl Lohmeyer in 1937. They reside in 
Baltimore, Md. 

2. Graham Phelan Wright, b. 1921. 

3. Barry Wright, Jr., b. 1922. 

d. Effie Beal Phelan m. E. E. Dallis of At- 
lanta; issue: — two daughters, one deceased and 
the other married and living in Atlanta. 

e. S. H. Phelan, Jr., died in 1915, unmarried. 
/. Ellen McGowan Phelan m. J. W. Gold- 
smith, Jr., of Atlanta; issue: — two children — a 
daughter married and a son unmarried. 

g. Leman Phelan, deceased. 

(3) Cornelia Graham, died young. 

(4) Antoinette Graham, died young. 



62 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(5) Malcolm Amelionus Graham, m. Nonie Mc- 
\Villiams. They reside in Prattville, Ala.; issue: — 

a. Edward Alexander Graham, unmarried. 

b. Mary Ellen Graham, m. Charles Forrest 
Collier ; issue : — 

1. Mary Collier, m. James Robert 

Oglesby ; issue : — 

( 1 ) Mary Ann Oglesby. 

(2) Lenore Fuller Oglesby. 

2. Lenore Collier, died young. 

2. Edivard Sims Ready, son of Aaron and Jerusha Sims 
Ready, m. Aniandd Sledge; issue: — 

( 1 ) Clara Williams Ready, m. William Benson, 
lives in Chicago. 

(2) Aaron Ready, died young. 

(3) Edward Sims Ready, Jr., d. in Helena, Ark., 
in 1924, m. Viola Burroughs; issue: — 

a. Viola B. Ready, lives in California. 

Edward Sims Ready m. second, Margaret Redford of 
Helena, Arkansas. 

(4) Amelia Palmer Ready m. Samuel Arrington 
EUsberry of Montgomery, Ala. ; issue : — 

a. Samuel Arrington EUsberry II, m. Lillian 
LaMar of Dallas, Texas; issue: — 

1. Samuel Arrington EUsberry III. 

b. Edward Ready EUsberry. 

c. Palmer Ready EUsberry, m. Herbert Jones 
of Liverpool, England ; issue : — 

1. Margaret Ready Jones. 

2. William Herbert Jones. 

3. Arthur Evan Jones. 

(5) Charlotta Stows Ready, m. William A. Cary 
of Montgomery, Ala. ; issue : — 



63 



BAXKS OF ELBERT 



a. Willie Ready Gary, m. Clayton G. Zim- 
merman of Chicago ; issue : — 

1. Jean Zimmerman. 

2. Clayton G. Zimmerman, Jr. 

b. Carlotta Palmer Cary, m. Esek Busse 
Graves of Chicago; issue: — 

1. Carlotta Cary Graves. 

2. Catherine Graves. 

3. Palmer Cary Graves. 

4. Esek Busse Graves, Jr. 

c. Edward Ready Cary, died young. 

3. Sarah Cornelia Ready, daughter of Aaron and 
Jerusha Sims Ready, a superior woman of fine intellect 
and beautiful person, died unmarried. 

4. Mary Palmer Ready, died in 1906, m. her mother's 
cousin, Lemuel Napier. (For issue, see line of Alary 
Banks Jones.) 

5. Jerusha Ready , died 1908, m. her third cousin. Rev. 
Moses Edward Butt, D. D., of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, South. (For issue, see line of Priscilla Banks 
Butt.) 

II. Rachel B. Sims, second child of Edward and Sarah 
Hanks Sims, was b. Nov. 3, 1813, d. Oct. 4, 1814. 

III. Zebira Sims b. Dec. 8, 1814, d. Jan. 30, 1818. 

IV. Willis Banks Sims, b. Feb. 6, 1818, d. Sept. 8, 1818. 

V^ Mary Jones Sims, daughter of Edward and Sally Banks 
Sims, was born in Elbert county, Ga., Oct. 31, 1821. When a few 
weeks old she was brought by her parents to Tuscaloosa, Ala., 
where she was reared and spent most of her long life, dying Feb., 
1904. In 1842 she was married to William Powell Hatter. 
One son blessed their union, Mllliam Edward Sims Hatter, who 
at the age of nineteen, fell asleep in Jesus, repeating, "The Lord 



64 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



is my Shephard, I shall not want, . . ." After the death of her 
husband, Mary J. Sims Hatter married Feliz Franklin 
Hemphill, of Mobile, Ala. A long and peaceful life was theirs. 
They had eight children, six daughters and two sons, viz: — 

1. Sarah Jerusha Hemphill b. in Tuscaloosa, Ala., July 

20, 1849, d. , m. Janes B. Hays, a leading druggist 

of Tuscaloosa. "Too pure for earth our Lord gently 
folded her in His arms and bore her to a brighter world 
on high," says one who wrote of her. 

2. Mary Jane Hemphill b. 1849; d. , m. James B. 

Hays of Tuscaloosa, Ala. 

3. Frank Bibb Hemphill b. in Macon, Miss., Dec. 18, 
1851, d. in Louisville, Ky., Oct. 18, 1920, m. Mary Polk. 
She d. in Louisville in 1922; issue: — 

( 1 ) Frankie Polk Hemphill. 

(2) Allen Jones Hemphill. 

(3) Polk Hemphill. 

4. Priscilla Tennette Hemphill b. Feb. 13, 1854, d. San 
Antonio May 15, 1907, m. Prof. Benj. J\ Meek, who 
was professor of English at the University of Alabama 
for thirty years. 

5. Louisa Duke Hemphill b, June 18, 1856, m. George 
F. Lupton; issue: — 

( 1 ) Jennie Reed Lupton m. Grinnell Jones of 
Cambridge, Mass.; issue: — 

a. Grinnell Jones, Jr. 

(2) Marie Tennette Lupton m. Mr. Dowdeel of 
San Antonio, Texas; no issue: — 

6. Caroline Victoria Hemphill b. Feb. 19, 1862, d. in 
Birmingham, 1929. 

7. Clara Eloise Hemphill b. Feb. 19, 1862; d. in 
Birmingham in 1929. 

8. Robert Cooper Hemphill b. in Tuscaloosa Aug. 28, 
1865, d. in Birmingham Aug., 1933, m. Ruth Perry; 
issue : — 



65 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



( 1 ) Robert Cooper Hemphill, Jr., m. Virginia 
Cole of Ripley, Miss., Dec. 11, 1918; issue:— 

a. Sarah Ruth Hemphill b. Oct. 21, 1919. 

h. Robert Cooper Hemphill HI b. June 25, 

1925. 
Jeriisha, Carrie niyl Eloise Hemphill have given their 
lives to the noble calling of training the hearts and minds 
of the young entrusted to them. Capable, conscientious 
and faithful generations will "rise up and call them 
blessed." After a long and well spent life devoted to the 
rearing of their children for the Lord, Mr. and Mrs. 
Hemphill were called up higher, and one can almost 
hear the Master say, "Well done, good and faithful 
servant, enter into the joy of the Lord." Mr. Hemphill 
d. 1894, his wife in 1904. 

\'l. Priscilla Ann Sims, daughter of Edward and Sally 
Hanks Sims, b. Aug. 23, 1822, d. April 1851, m. William Craw- 
ford Bibb Jan. 11, 1842. He d. April 23, 1896 in Sanford, Fla. ; 
issue : — 

1. Cornelia Daiulridge Bibb m. first Vernon H. 
I aughan, Jr.; issue: — (1) Vernon H. Vaughan HI, 
(2) Mary Vaughan, (3) Joseph Bibb Vaughan, (4) 
Anna Vaughan. Cornelia Bibb m. second Mr. Hoffman. 

2. Mary Frances Bibb b. in Montgomery, Ala., Sept. 1, 
1848, d. Feb. 4, 1901, m. Charles Henry Leffler of 

Smithland, Ky., Nov. 28, 1869. He d. Aug. 4, 1904, in 
Sanford, Fla. ; issue : — 

(1) Cliarles Doyle Leffler, Jr., b. in Smithland, 
Ky., Aug. 12, 1868, m. Hannah May Martin at 
Sanford, Fla., Feb. 12, 1891, she d. in Miami May 
3, 1930; issue:— 

a. Cornelia Leffler b. at Sanford, Fla., Sept. 
21, 1892, unmarried. 

b. Charles Doyle Leffler b. Sanford, Fla., 
May 24, 1896, Annapolis graduate, class of 



66 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



1918. Served in the World war and afterwards 
was Communications Officer in London, where 
he often came in contact with the Duke of 
Windsor. Was stationed at Pearl Harbor, 
Honolulu for six years and now stationed in 
China. He is now Commander in the U. S. 
Navy. He married Bernice Thompson of Ra- 
cine, Wis., May, 1929; issue: — 

1. May Martin Leffler b. Oct. 24, 1930 
in New York City. 
(2) Mary Lula Leffler b. Elmore county, Ala., 
Oct. 17, 1875, m. in Deland, Fla., Oct. 13, 1894, to 
O. K. Strong of Colbourn, Ontario; issue: — 

a. Winnifred Leffler Strong b. in Atlanta, 
Ga., May 4, 1902, m. Allan Mosley of Ft. 
Myers, Fla., April 15, 1932. 
Charles D. Leffler, Sr., m. the second time to Bernice 
Hauser of Miami, Fla., June 26, 1935. He has served 
one term as Mayor of Miami and five terms as commis- 
sioner. Was bank president and now holds an important 
position with Gulf Refining Co. He is affectionately 
called "Uncle Charlie" by almost everyone in Miami. 
3. Johri Dandridge Bibb m. first Enscbia Fortnan; 
issue : — 

(1) Lettitia Woodson Bibb m. John B. Mills, d. 
May 5, 1889; no issue. 

John D. Bibb m. second Sarah Speigner ; issue: — 

(2) Mary Frances Bibb m. Edgar Lee Allen Nov. 
21, 1904; issue:— 

a. Martha Allen b. Oct. 12, 1905. 

b. William Bibb Allen b. June 24, 1907, d. 
June 26, 1907. 

c. Edgar Lee Allen b. Sept. 23, 1903. 

d. Sarah Lucy Allen b. July 12, 1915, m. 
Jacob Maxwell Henderson Oct. 17, 1936. 

e. Bibb Allen b. Dec. 25, 1921. 



67 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(3) Persis Sarah Bibb m. William Emmett Mc- 
Kinley in 1900; issue: — 

a. Persis McKinley b. 1901. 

b. William Emmett McKinley b. 1909. 

VII Jane Hamilton Sims, daughter of Edward and Sarah 
Sims, b. May 15, 1825, d. Aug. 9, 1869, m. Judge Washington 
xMooDY, b. March 16, 1807, d. March 31, 1879. The marriage 
was set for Wednesday, but the boat that was to carry the young 
couple to New Orleans and elsewhere for the wedding journey 
failed to arrive till Friday. Undaunted by the assurance often 
repeated that Friday was un unlucky day, the marriage ceremony 
was performed and a life of unusual good fortune and happiness 
ensued. Neither party ever regretted entering into the sacred 
bond on the day of ill omen which proved to them an auspicious 
one. The issue of this marriage was two children. 

1. Sarah Anna Moody, d. Aug. 18, 1927, m. Rev. 
David Ingram Purser, a Baptist divine of marked ability 
and most admirable character. He was pastor of a church 
in New Orleans during the yellow fever epidemic of 
1897. He was urged for the sake of the church to seek 
safety elsewhere. But he would not leave his flock with- 
out a shepherd in their dire necessity, and fearlessly, with 
a calm mind and willing hand he went among them 
ministering to their necessities till the fell scourge claim- 
ed him as its victim. "Greater love hath no man than 
this that he lay down his life for another." The issue of 
this marriage is two sons, David Ingram Purser, Jr., and 
Frank Moody Purser, and one precious baby girl, Jane 
Beneta, a "gracious blessing," as her name indicates, who 
was taken into the Heavenly fold just before her third 
year was completed. Some times the light streams from 
Heaven upon these little ones whom the Father means 
to claim as his own, and they became matured beyond 
their years in all the graces of body and mind, in a won- 



68 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



derful manner. Such was the case with the hahy 
"Beneta," and she "was not, for God took her" ■ 

(1) Jane Beneta Purser, b. 1884, d. 1887. 

(2) David Ingram Purser, Jr., b. Feb. 17, 1886. 
He is an Ordained Baptist Minister and at present 
(1937) is pastor of Woodlawn Baptist Church in 
Birmingham, Ala., m. Annie Gay Williamson Dec. 
26, 1908; issue:— 

a. Sarah Ann Purser b. Greensboro, Ala., 

b. Jack Moody Purser b. Gadsden, Ala., July 
14, 1914. 

c. David Ingram Purser III b. Gadsden, Ala. 
Jan. 29, 1917. 

d. Annie Gay Purser b. Tuscaloosa, Ala., 
March 16, 1919, d. April, 1920. 

e. Jane Williamson Purser b. Waterloo, Iowa, 
Dec. 6, 1920. 

/. Martha Annie Purser b. Tupelo, Miss., 
July 1, 1926. 

(3) Frank Moody Purser b. Feb. 25, 1889, m. 
first Maude Elizabeth Palmer of Birmingham. She 
d. Sept. 6, 1924; issue: — 

a. Mary Elizabeth Purser b. March 27, 1916. 
Frank Moody m. second Anna Augusta Clark 
Wright of Oxford, Miss., Nov. 2, 1925. He is an 
ordained minister of the Southern Baptist Denomi- 
nation, and is at present (1937) pastor of the First 
Baptist Church, Oxford, Miss. 
II. Frank Sims Moody was born and reared in Tusca- 
loosa, graduated from the University of Alabama and was 
later president of the First National Bank, Tuscaloosa. He 
died Feb. 21, 1920. He married Mary Maxwell, only 
daughter of Thomas and Susan Charlotte Farley Maxwell ; 
issue : — 

(1) Frank Maxwell Moody b. 1877. He is now 
president of the First National Bank of Tuscaloosa, 



69 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Ala. He m. May, 1899. Beverly Hill, the beautiful 
daughter of Hardy Foster Hill. She died 1906. He 
m. second Sarah McCorkle, 1911; issue: — 

a. Sarah Sims Moody b. June 11, 1912, m. 

Fred Blackman, Jr. 

h. Frank McCorkle Moody b. Sept. 1915. 

c. Anna Farley Moody b. June 10, 1918. 

(2) Mary Washington Moody b. March 14, 
1879, graduated from University of Alabama in 
1905, m. Aubrey Boyles in 1907; issue: — 

a. Mary Farley Moody Boyles b. Nov. 1, 
1910, m. James Searcy Snow, M. D., Feb. 12, 
1937. 

(3) James Moody, died young. 

(4) Anna Jane Moody b. Nov. 4, 1882, m. Claude 
Montgomery Plowman Feb. 2, 1909; no issue. 

(5) Washington Moody b. March 22, 1885, d. 
Dec. 19, 1924, m. Ira Bradfield Aug. 15, 1911; 
issue : — 

a. Frank Sims Moody b. Nov. 6, 1916. 

b. Elizabeth Shortridge Moody b. Nov. 26, 
1918. Killed in automobile accident July 3, 
1937. 

(6) Maxwell Moody, M. D., b. Jan. 25, 1888, m. 
Jean Kilroy Lahey of Montgomery, Ala., Aug. 17, 
1918. She died May 29, 1936; issue:— 

a. Maxwell Moody, Jr., b. Aug. 7, 1921. 

(7) Farley Moody b. Sept. 18, 1891. He died in 
action while leading his men in the Argone Forest 
in France on Oct. 11, 1918. 

\'ni. Sarah Corneli, Sims, daughter of Edward and 
Sarah Banks Sims, b. Sept. 3, 1828, d. Oct. 3, 1834. 

IX. Elvira Isabella Cunningham Sims b. Aug. 3, 1836. 



70 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



X. Frances Tenett Sims m. Benjamin Trimble, a mer- 
:hant of Wetumpka and Montgomery, Ala., who was born in 
ovington, Ga., Nov. 26, 1816, d. in Montgomery an., 1882. 
Frances T. Sims was born in Tuscaloosa, Ala., Aug. 3, 1826, d. 
Jan. 1896 in Cedartown, Ga. They were married Dec. 4, 1844, 
in Tuskaloosa; issue: — 

1. E?}iTna Trimble, died aged four years. 

2. Edward Moses Trimble m. Annie Burrell Grigg of 
Huguenot ancestry; issue: — two sons, one of whom is 
Dr. William Moses Trimble, of New York City, m. 
Katherine Colvin; Edward Moses Trimble, resided in 
Montgomery, Ala., until his death. 

3. William Trimble of Montgomery, Ala., m. Minnie 
Taylor Calhoun of Macon, Miss; issue:— two sons, 
both dead. 

4. Benjamin Trimble, Jr., died aged six years. 

5. Sallie Sims Trimble died in Cedartown, Ga. 

6. Mary Jane Trimble died in Montgomery Jan. 20, 
1871. 



RICHARD BANKS, fourth son of Ralph and Rachel Jones 
Banks, was born October 23, 1794, d. May 6, 1856, m. MAR- 
THA BUTT, widow of George Dawson and the daughter of 
Jere and Unity Brown Butt, of Columbia county, Georgia. 

Richard Banks graduated from the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1820. He attained eminence as a physician, surgeon and 
occulist. For him Banks County, Georgia, was named. 

To RICHARD and MARTHA BUTTS BANKS, were born: 

I. Joseph Henry Banks, born in Gainesville, Ga., gradu- 
ated from the Kentucky Military Institute sharing the first honor; 
served in the State Senate of Georgia, during Gov. Joseph Brown's 
administration ; and died in the town where he was born, respected 
and honored by the community. He m. Mary Lavinia Young, 
of Hall county ; issue : — 

*Named for his fathers's friend. Judge J. H. Lumpkin. 

71 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



1. Martha Banks, m. first, Wm. Lawson Hickman, of 
Kentucky ; issue : — 

( 1 ) Baylor Hickman. 

She married second James T. Telford; no issue. 

2. Lelia Banks, m. William Anderson Du Pre; issue: 

(1) William Anderson Du Pre II, b. July 3, 
1905, m. Sue Nichols April 24, 1929; issue:— 

a. Lelia Banks Du Pre b. Nov. 14, 1930. j 

b. William Anderson Du Pre III, b. Nov. 
19, 1933. 

(2) Rafe Banks Du Pre b. Sept. 20, 1907, m. 
Mildred Lee Stipe of Decatur, Ga., on Oct. 12 
1937. 

3. Susan Winn Banks m. John James Flynt Nov. 28, 
1912; issue: — 

(1) John James Flynt, Jr., b. 1914. 

4. Rafe Banks m. Alberta Williams Jan. 14, 1914; 
issue : — 

(1) Lelia Banks b. Oct. 17, 1914. m. Philip Kent 
Burwell Aug. 2, 1934; issue:— 

a. Philip Banks Burwell b. June 17, 1935. 

(2) Mary Lydia Banks b. Dec. 3, 1916. 

(3) Rafe Banks, Jr., b. Nov. 23, 1918. 

II. Philoclea Virginia Banks, oldest daughter of Dr. 
Richard and Martha Butt Banks, died young. 

III. Philoclea Louise Banks was born Nov. 7, 1835 
graduated from the Wesleyan College of Macon, Ga., June, 1852- 
m. Henry Moses Blackshear; issue:— 

1. Arthur Banks Blackshear, died young. 

2. Zoe Elizabeth Blaskshear, m. John McHenry of 
Madison, Ga. ; issue: — 

(1) Zoe Elizabeth McHenry, m. John Winn 
Shin Sober Aug. 19, 1929; no issue. 



72 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(2) Louisa Marion McHenry m. Daniel Hicky 
Dec. 19, 1916; issue:— 
a. Daniel Hicky, Jr. 

3. Lucy Martha Blackshear, m. JViUiatn Kollock 

Mower, of Atlanta ; issue : — 

(1) Willie Mower m. first William Paschol. No 
issue ; m. second, Jorden Woods ; issue : — 

a. Louise Elizabeth Woods b. Oct. 10, 1920. 
Willie Mower m. third Ivan Le Roy Creel; no 
issue. 

(2) Richard Banks Mower m. Adel Moss. No 
issue. 

(3) Lucy Mower m. first Richard Pearson; no 
issue ; m. second James Edwin Clancy. 

4. Willuim Eninu'tt Blackshear b. Feb. 21, 1871, m. 
Katherine Leon Jan. 6, 1898; issue: — 

(1) Leon Blackshear b. Nov. 9, 1898, m. Maude 
Fox July 1, 1923; issue: — 

a. Richard Banks Blackshear b. Feb. 8, 1930. 

(2) Louise Blackshear, b. Aug. 6, 1900, died 
Aug. 1905. 

(3) Etta Mae Blackshear b. June 15, 1902. 

(4) Joseph Henry Blackshear b. May 22, 1904, 
m. Sarah Bishop Nov. 7, 1931; issue: — 

a. Joan Blackshear b. Oct. 5, 1922. 

(5) Helen Feagin Blackshear b. Sept. 26, 1907. 

IV. DuNSTAN Edmund Banks, second son of Dr. Richard 
and Martha Butt Banks; m. Mrs. Harriet Williams Single- 
TARY, of North Carolina ; no issue. 

V. Susan Willingham Banks, m. first Capt. Walter 
Scott Brewster, C .S. A., of Charleston, S. C, who died of 
wounds received in battle of Fredrickburg, Va. ; issue: — 

1. Georgia Brewster, m. Sammual Wilkes; issue: — 



73 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(1) Marjorie Wilkes m. Mr. Huntley. 

SusAX WiLLiNGHAM m. secoiid, Rev. Wesley Parks 
Pledger; issue: — 

1. Gilmer Banks Pledger m. Jennie Ray; issue : — 

(1) Ray Brewster Pledger h. July 21, 1889. m. 
Nellie Grace Collins July 15, 1915; issue:— 

a. Carol Dean Pledger, b. May 29, 1918. 

(2) Jennie May Pledger b. Feb. 26, 1891, m. 
John Wikle Hubbard April 5, 1916; issue:— 

a. Lucile Hubbard b. Feb. 27, 1917. 

b. Miriam Francis Hubbard b. Nov. 27, 1918. 

c. Johnnie Sue Hubbard b. Oct. 11, 1928. 

2. May foster Pledger m. M^'illiam Freeman ; issue : — 

(1) May Freeman b. Nov. 10, 1893, m. William 
Fisher Plane in 1912; issue. — 

a. Helen Jamison Plane b. Sept. 17, 1915. 

b. William Fisher Plane b. Sept. 19, 1922. 

c. Robert Freeman Plane b. Sept. 19, 1929. 

(2) John Mayfield Freeman b. March 26, 1910; 
not married. 

3. Porter Pledger, died young. 

Susan Willingham m. third Capt. Winslow Paid 
Becker, C, S. A. ; no issue. 

VI. Frances Banks, daughter of Dr. Richard and Martha 
Butt Banks was burned to death at the age of three years. 

VH. Amanda Banks, died young. 



RALPH BANKS, fifth son of Ralph and Rachel Jones 
Banks, was born April 6, 1796, died April 21, 1871, married 
ELIZABETH MAXWELL Dec. 22, 1818; issue:— 

I RussEL Banks married Mary Yarbarough ; issue: — 



i 



74 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



1. Jane Banks born Sept. 4, 1894, died July 1, 1911, 
married Lewis Terrell, born Feb. 10, 1866; issue: — 

(1) John Terrell, born Feb. 10, 1868, m. Lizzie 
King Dec. 22, 1895; issue: — 

a. Eva Mae Terrell, b. Feb. 14, 1897. 

(2) Russell Terrell b. March 5, 1870. 

(3) Sallie Terrell b. June 18, 1872, m. Pastell 
Hall Dec. 25, 1898; issue:— 

a. Grace Hall b. Jan. 14, 1900, m. Eulyrs 
Prickett Aug. 25, 1912. 

b. Earline Hall b. Aug. 25, 1903. 

c. Emily Hall b. Jan. 15, 1906. 

d. Sarah Will Hall b. July 10, 1910. 

(4) William Terrell b. Aug. 3, 1875, m. Mollie 
Ayers Dec. 24, 1900. 

(5) Earnest Terrell b. Sept. 19, 1878, m. Emma 

Gerlman Aug. 10, 1904; issue :^ — 

a. Sara Terrell b. April 9, 1907. 

b. Pearl Terrell m. Carl Deal Dec. 20, 1918 ; 
issue : — 

1. Emma Deal b May 3, 1920. 

(6) Susie Terrell b. March 24, 1885. 

(7) Pearl Terrell b. Sept. 15, 1889. 

(8) Eula Bell Terrell b. Dec. 10, 1892, d. Oct. 
17, 1921. 

2. Sallie Banks b. Jan. 8, 1858, m. Allen Acree Dec. 
24, 1877 ; issue: — 

(1) Arthur Acree b. May 7, 1879, m. Julia 
Andrews May 10, 1905; issue:— 

a. Buster Acree b. March 11, 1906. 

(2) Arch Acree b. Aug. 12, 1882. 

(3) Noah Acree b. Jan. 13, 1884. 

(4) Oscar Acree b. March 23, 1890. 

(5) Tom Acree b. Nov. 15, 1893. 



75 



fiANKS OF ELBERT 



(6) Allen Acree b. Jan. 30, 1896. 

(7) Latrell Acree b. May 20, 1898. 

3. Nancy Banks h. Jan. 8, 1860, d. May 10, 1919, m. 
Knoz Acree Oct. 15, 1876; issue: — 

(1) Jim Russ Acree b. July 18, 1877, m. Carrie 
Crawford Dec. 25, 1902; issue: — 

(I. Margaret Acree b. June 5, 1908. 
h. Josephine Acree b. Aug. 30, 1912. 

(2) William Thomas Acree b. Oct. 29, 1879, m. 
Clara Mays Oct. 20, 1908. 

(3) Mary Catherine Acree b. March 19, 1880, 
m. Earnest Isbell Dec. 24, 1901 ; issue: — 

a. Hershall Isbell b. April 7, 1904. 

b. Annett Isbell b. May 18, 1908. 

c. Earnestine Isbel lb. Aug. 21, 1910. 

(4) George Acree b. Oct. 29, 1882. 

(5) \oung Acree b. Oct. 30, 1884, m. Ada 
Wood. 

(6) Ada Acree b. May 7, 1886, m. Arthur 
Daniels. 

(7j Sallie Acree b. Jan. 15, 1888, m. Noah 
Thompson. 

(8) Henry Acree b. June 30, 1889. m. Annie 
Andrews; issue: — 

a. Mozell Acree. 

b. Jack Acree. 

c. John Acree. 

(9) Retha Acree b, April 21, 1891, m. Each 
Martin, 1912; issue:— 

(I. Wallace Martin. 

b. Dan Martin. 

c. Fay Martin. 

(10) Hershall Acree b. Nov. 17, 1895. m. Cora 
Verner. d 



I 



76 



J 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(11) Gladys Acree b. May 15, 1900. 
4. Thomas Marion {Bud) Banks b. Sept. 6, 1862, m. 
Delura Acree Sept. 3, 1916; issue: — 

(1) Mary Ophelia Banks b. Sept. 3, 1885, m. 
Tom E. Anderson Sept. 3, 1916; issue: — 

a. Tom E. Anderson, Jr., b. June 16, 1918. 

b. Bill K. Anderson, b. April 9, 1921. 

c. Harry Russell Anderson, b. Jan. 19, 1923. 

d. Mary Sue Anderson, b. Oct. 28, 1925. 

(2) William Groves Banks b. Sept. 18, 1888, m. 
Ethel McClain May 21, 1916; issue:— 

a. Georgia Irene Banks b. March 3, 1917. 

b. Russell Alvin Banks b. March 22, 1920. 

c. Thomas Verner Banks b. May 11, 1922. 

d. William Labertine Banks b. Nov. 13, 
1924. 

e. Rafe Pruitt Banks b. Jan. 22, 1927. 
(3)) Viola Banks b. May 14, 1890, m. Joseph 
Rylee Byrum ; issue : — 

a. Paul Banks Byrum b. Sept. 15, 1921. 

b. Joe Phillips Byrum b. March 28, 1923. 

c. Albert Rylee Byrum b. July 25, 1925. 

d. Homer Hillman Byrum b. Jan. 31, 1927. 

e. Ruth Byrum b. May 14, 1928. 

/. Elizabeth Byrum b. May 14, 1930. 

(4) John Allen Banks b. Nov. 13, 1891, m. Susie 
Williams Aug. 15, 1924; issue: — 

a. Josephine Banks b. March 29, 1926. 

b. Charles Banks b. March 26, 1930. 

c. George Henry Banks b. uly 20, 1936. 

(5) Marion Banks b. Nov. 13, 1893, m. Bessie 
Milligan Aug. 18, 1920; issue:— 

a. Marion Banks, Jr., b. March 10, 1921. 

b. Thomas Sidney Banks b. Jan. 29, 1925. 

c. Russell Banks b. Feb. 2, 1926. 

d. Jerry Knox Banks b. Jan. 22, 1927. 



77 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(6) Alice Banks b. Oct. 15, 1895, m. Alex 
Terrell March 20, 1915; issue:— 

a. Sara Sue Terrell b. Sept. 1, 1919. 

b. Dora Terrell b. Jan. 1, 1923. 

c. Banks Russell Terrell b. Aug. 25, 1930. 

d. Polly Ann Terrell b. Aug. 25, 1930. 

(7) Henry Lee Banks b. Feb. 4, 1898, m. Alice 
Scott March 20, 1913; issue: — 

a. Robert Lee Banks b. July 10, 1932. 

b. Annett Banks b. Dec. 8, 1934. 

(8) Martha Bell (Bossy) Banks b. Jan. 31, 
1900, m. Bartow E. King Sept. 20, 1921; issue:— 

a. Mary Lou King b. April 15, 1922. 

b. Peter King b. Jan. 31, 1926. 

c. Bobby King b. 1934. "1 

(9) Gertrude Lura Banks b. Feb. 22, 1902, m. 
Haynie Prince Aug. 20, 1926. 

Thomas Marion (Bud) Banks married second Sara 
Thomas Adderholt Dec. 30, 1904; issue: — 

(10) Berdie Volina b. Sept. 20, 1905, m. Willard 
Dixon Aug. 8, 1929; issue: — 

a. Thomas Dean Dixon b. July 28, 1930. 

b. Martha Jane Dixon b. March 18, 1932. 

c. ALary Viola Dixon b. Oct. 29, 1933. 

d. John Rudolph Dixon b. Jan. 28, 1936. 

II. Mary Banks m. Memory Grump. 

III. Jane Banks m. Fleming Moss. 

IV. Rachel Banks b. Dec. 6, 1827, d. May 14, 1910, m. 
Judge Augustus Clayton Moss Nov. 10, 1846; he died Jan. 5, 
1902. To them seven children were born, all dying young save two. 

1. Xancy Ella Moss b. July 25, 1859, d. Sept. 1913, m. 
Dec. 10, 1874 to William Benjamin Mason; issue: — 



78 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(1) Augustus Marvin Mason b. May 30, 1876, d. 
Dec. 19, 1922, m. Minerva Dyar; issue: — 

a. William Clayton Mason b. May 10, 1897, 
m. Ruth Elizabeth Sims, April 30, 1917; 
issue : — 

1. Lois Elizabeth Mason b. May 9, 1918. 

2. Ruby Blanche Mason b. Dec. 17, 
1919. 

3. Sara Ellis Mason b. June 13, 1921. 

4. Martha Evelyn Mason b. July 21, 
1923. 

5. Walter Lee Mason b. Nov. 28, 1928. 

6. Luke Augustus Macon b. Feb. 14, 
1932. 

(2) Dick Moss Mason b. Aug. 8, 1878, m. Anna 
McDonald ; issue : — 

a. Roy Mason m. Alice Jeanette Brewer 
Issue : — 

1. Grace Jeanette b. April 18, 1927. 

2. Roy Carolyn b. Aug. 12, 1934. 

b. Clyde Mason, not married. 

c. Rose Mason, not married. 

d. Baby Lola Mason b. Aug. 24, 1905, not 
married. 

e. Joe Moss Mason b. Sept. 12, 1909, not 
married. 

/. Edna Mason b. Feb. 27, 1912, m. Ralph 
Windom Aaron Oct. 28, 1934; issue: — 

1. Otho Swayne Aaron b. July 30, 

1936. 
g. Earnest Mason b. Ov;t. 2, 1916, not 
married. 

h. Richard Mason b. Jan. 2, 1919, not 
married. 



79 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



i. Thomas Bell Mason b. Dec. 2, 1921, not 
married. 

(3) Mary Rachel Mason b. July 23, 1881, d. 
July 6 ,1914, m. Robert Lee Ash 1898. He died 
Feb. 29, 1908; issue:— 

a. William Mason Ash b. July 5, 1900, m. 
Elizabeth Ingram March 19, 1926; issue: — 

1. William Linley Ash b. June 10, 1927. 

2. June Elizabeth Ash b. June 3, 1930. 

b. Robert Alvin Ash b. Sept. 5, 1902, m. 
Pearl Angeline Shubert Oct. 1, 1922; issue: — 

1. Mary Alice Ash b. Dec. 8, 1923. 

2. Pearl Shubert Ash b. May 28, 1924. 
f. Nannie Irene Ash b. Nov. 21, 1906, m. 
Fred Johnson Dunson Oct. 3, 1926; issue: — 

1. Marvin Lee Dunson b. May 23, 1930. 
2. Thelma Ruth Dunson b. July 24, 
1934. 

Mary Rachel Mason Ash m. second Andrev^^ Jack- 
son Hilton June 29, 1910; issue: — 

d. Patrick Henry Hilton b. Aug. 31, 1912, 
m. Conrad Lee Barrett March 11, 1930; 
issue : — 

1. Jack Ellis Hilton b. March 7, 1931. 

(4) Grover Clark Mason b. May 31, 1886, m. 
Merle Perkins, June 29, 1910; issue:— 

a. Emma Dixie Mason b. Aug. 11, 1911, m, 
Olen Gresham Pruitt July 12, 1934. 

b. William Logan Mason b. Dec. 22, 1913. 
Not married. 

c. James Harold Mason b. June 24, 1916. 
Not married. 

(5) William Benjamine Mason, Jr., b. Dec. 5, 
1891, m. Alice Chambers June 9, 1907; issue:— 



80 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



a. Lilli'e Mae Mason b. May 3, 1908, m. 
Orlando Nicholas Dyar Dec. 24, 1922; issue: — • 

1 . Thomas Edgar Dyar b. Sept. 25, 1923. 

2. Doris Angeline Dyar b. Nov. 1 1 , 1 928. 

3. Wil'iam Donald Dyar h. an. 3, 1933. 
h. William Owen Mason h. Nov. 21, 1910, 
not married. 

r. Mary Allene Mason b. July 31, 1913. m. 
Boyd Cochran Dec. 21, 1935. 

(6) Nannie Ella Mason b. Sept. 9, 1896, m. 
Walter Lockhard Durham Dec. 28, 1915; issue: — 

a. Mary Pauline Durham b. Feb. 14, 1921. 

(7) John Harold Mason b. July 4, 1899, m. 
Carrie Beck Dec. 13, 1923; issue: — 

a. Mae Evelyn Mason b. Sept. 18, 1924. 

b. John Harold Mason, Jr., b. Nov. 27, 1926. 
f. Virginia Sue Mason b. Feb. 19, 1928. 

d. Robert Swayne Mason b. Nov. 21, 1930. 

e. Roger Lewis Mason b. Dec. 13, 1932. 
/. Helen Lucille Mason b. Jan. 7, 1934. 

2. Sallie Ruth Moss h. Sept. 13, 1864, m. Joel Reed 
Jones Dec. 12, 1874; issue: — 

(1) Sadie (Sudie) Jones b. March 10, 1885, m. 
James Arthur King July 27, 1907 ; issue: — 

a. Sallie Mae King b. July 5, 1908, m. Shelor 
Glynn Harbin Oct. 2, 1933; issue: — 

1. Susan Mildred Harbin b. March 11, 
1936. 

b. Olive King b. March 14, 1910. 

c. Imogen King b. July 5, 1920, 

(2) Nannie Jones b. May 12, 1887, not married. 

(3) Jack Moss Jones b. Aug. 9, 1889, m. Clara 
Nelms May 3, 1931. No issue. 

(4) Birdie Jones b. April 20, 1899, m. Lowndes 
William Arnold June 3, 1925; issue: — 



81 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



a. Jack Jones Arnold b. Feb. 27, 1926. 

b. Sallie Jane Arnold b. Aug. 8, 1928. 

c. Catherine Arnold b. March 17. 1930. 

d. Thomas Williams Arnold b. March 8, 
1931. 

e. Joel Turner Arnold b. July 24, 1936. 

Marion Banks m. Martha Ressler; issue: — 

1. Mary E. Banks b. Feb. 3, 1856, m. Marion W. Wil- 
lioins Dec. 10, 1872; issue: — 

( 1 ) Sara J. Williams b. Aug. 25, 1873. 

(2) John J. Williams b. Jan. 1, 1875, m. Lizzie 
Bents Dec. 14, 1903; issue: — 

a. Lcla Bents Williams m. Frank Sullivan ; 
issue : — 

1. Frank Sullivan, Jr. 

b. Mildred Williams m. John Garner. 

c. Charles Williams, not married. 

(3) Martha Williams b. March 25, 1876, m. W. 
J. Zahn ; issue : — 

a. Jennings Zahn b. Aug. 3, 1899; issue: — 
1. Lovis Zahn Hunerkopp b. 1922. 

(4) Luther M. Williams, twins, not married, b. 
Sept. 17, 1877. 

(5) Lula M. Williams.: twins b. Sept. 17, 1877, 
m. Charlie Maner; issue: — 

a. Myrtel Maner m. R. Allman ; issue:— 

1. Charlie Allman. 

2. Arnold Allman. 

b. Eva Maner m. Fred Brasewell July 9, 1916. 

(6) Lela Williams b. Oct. 12, 1879, not married. 

(7) Ed S. Williams b. Dec. 17, 1880, not married. 

(8) Fannie B. Williams b. March 17, 1882. m. 
Henry Pierce March 15, 1903. 



82 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(9) Charlie Williams b. May 13, 1883. 

(10) Joe A. Williams b. Dec. 9, 1884. 

(11) William H. Williams b. Feb. 19, 1886. 

(12) Lumas H. Williams b. Dec. 10, 1887. 

(13) Ellis M. Williams b. Sept. 17, 1889. m. 
Warren Whitehead in 1908. 

2. George Rafe Banks b. Oct. 7, 1867, m. Mary R. 
Lester Feb. 19, 1880; issue:— 

(1) Mattie Banks b. Jan. 22, 1882, m. James 
Thomas Avers Jan. 10, 1896; issue: — 

a. Mildred Louise Ayers b. Nov. 2, 1905, m. 
Ralph Pratt Taylor Sept. 7, 1935; adopted 
children by previous marriage: 

1. Stephen O. Taylor b. Sept. 10, 1922. 

2. James Edmond Taylor b. July 26, 
1926. 

b. Marion Ayers b. April 17, 1914, m. Rob- 
ert Surtleff April 11, 1936. 

c. William Rafe Ayers b. May 21, 1916. 

d. James Thomas Ayers b. Oct. 3, 1921. 

(2) Marion Banks b. July 17, 1884. 

George Rafe Banks m. second Julia D. Waters Jan. 22, 
1888; issue:— 

(3) Maude Amanda Banks b. Nov. 8, 1888, d. 
Oct. 11, 1893. 

(4) Ovie Elizabeth Banks b. May 31, 1896, not 
married. 

(5) Howard A. Banks, tv^ins, not married. 

(6) Annie Mae Banks b. Oct. 15, 1897, d. April 
27, 1898. 

3. James Russell Banks b. July 18, 1859, m. Mary Ida 
Payne, 1897; issue: — 



83 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(1) Henry Grady Banks, b. Jan. 24, 1898, not 
married. 

(2) Aubrey Marion Banks b. Jan. 13, 1902, not 
married. 

(3) Alex Stephens Banks b. June 28, 1903, m. 
Mary Lou Verner Sept. 9, 1931 ; issue: — 

a. Imogene Banks b. June 25, 1932. 

(4) Martha Lucile Banks b. July 25, 1907. 

4. Janet Ann Henrietta Banks b. May 23, 1861, m. 
Benjatnin McFarlin Jan. 10, 1884; issue: — 

(1) Grover Cleveland McFarlin m. Lettie Etha 
Addison Sept. 22, 1912; issue: — 

a. Fred Houston McFarlan b. Aug. 8, 1913, 
m. Alice Auers Oct. 14, 1935; issue: — 

1. Freddie Evonne McFarlin b. June 1, 
1936. 

b. James Eben McFarlin b. May 14, 1919, 
not married. 

c. Ralph Addison McFarlin b. Dec. 30, 
1920, 

d. Rubye Faye McFarlin b. Feb. 9, 1928. 

(2) Fitzhugh Lee McFarlin b. Nov. 17, 1886, m. 
Rossie Bell Denman Feb. 20, 1908; issue:— 

a. Noel Wendall McFarlin b. March 3, 
1909, m. Minnie Lee LeCroy Dec. 27, 1921 ; 
issue : — 

1. Joel Dewitte McFarlin b. Sept 7, 
1932. 

2. LeCroy Denman McFarlin b. Sept. 
10, 1936. 

Fitzhugh Lee McFarlin m. second Flossie Inez 
Caudell July 5, 1919; issue:— 

b. George Fitzhugh McFarlin, Jr. 

c. Max DeCalb McFarlin b. Dec. 27, 1921. 



84 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



d. Ella Myra McFarlin b. April 25, 1923. 

e. Annie Ruth McFarlin b. March 6, 1925. 
/. Marion Donald McFarlin b. Aug. 1, 1928. 
g. William Dallas McFarlin b.June 28, 1928. 
h. Loyd Dessan McFarlin b. Nov. 11, 1930. 
/. Mary Elda McFarlin b. Feb. 8, 1933. 

;. Ossie Lee McFarlin b. July 9, 1936. 

(3) James Banks McFarlin b. Sept. 16, 1889, 
not married. 

(4) Mary Gurley McFarlin b. Feb. 8, 1891, m. 
Davis Cooper Verner Sept. 14, 1914; issue: — 

a. Janet Louise Verner b. Sept. 12, 1915, m. 
John Henry Payne Oct. 22, 1931. 

b. Emmie Sue Verner b. Jan. 4, 1917. 

c. Lester Franklin Verner b. Aug. 19, 1918. 

d. Crystal Maxine Verner b. May 11, 1920. 

(5) Nancy Ella McFarlin b. Nov. 17. 1893, not 
married. 

(6) Henry Woodson Grady McFarlin b. April 
17, 1895, m. Beulah Caudell June 1, 1920; issue:— 

a. Woodfin Lee McFarlin b. Feb. 8, 1921. 

b. Myra Elizabeth McFarlin b. Dec. 4, 1923. 

c. Mary Agatha McFarlin b. Nov. 28, 1925. 

(7) Lula Vivian McFarlin b. Jan. 17, 1897, m. 
Plumer D. Wilmont Nov. 19, 1922; issue: — 

a. Madoline Janett Wilmont b. Sept. 21, 
1923. 

b. Nellie Ben Wilmont b. Sept. 16, 1925. 

c. Plumer Durant Wilmont, Jr., b. Feb. 18, 
1931. 

(8) Zadie Faye McFarlin b. Nov. 17, 1898, not 
married. 

5. Nancy Ella Banks b. Aug. 6, 1863, d. Dec. 3, 1863. 

6. John Thomas Banks b. April 12, 1866, m. Neal 
Payne Aug. 8, 1918; issue: — 



85 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(1) Juanita Banks b. May 15, 1919. 

(2) Gladys Banks b. April 1, 1921. 

(3) John Lem Banks b. March 15, 1925. 

(4) Marion Henry Banks b. Dec. 23, 1927. 

(5) Martha Lee Banks b. Sept. 16, 1929. 

7. Henry Lee Banks b. Feb. 29, 1868, m. Rose Moore 
Jan. 31, 1909; issue:— 

(1) Clyde Banks b. April 7, 1910, m. Inez Prit- 
chett Jan. 30, 1930; issue: — 

a. Edna Banks b. March 28, 1936. 

(2) Dwight Banks b. Nov. 5, 1912, not married. 

(3) Hazel Dorsey Banks b. May 21, 1915. i 

8. Joseph Marion Banks b. July 31, 1870, d. 1935, m. 
Fannie Means (about) 1884 and moved to Dallas, 
Texas; issue: — 

( 1 ) Myrtle Banks. 

(2) Rafe Banks. 

(3) Lucile Banks. 

(4) Robert Banks. 

9. William Jackson Banks b. Nov. 29, 1872, m. Maude 
Elizabeth Means Dec. 27, 1900; issue:— 

(1) Ruby Mae Banks b. July 6, 1902, m. Goss 
Wells 1919; issue:— 

a. Marcia Ruby Wells b. March 19, 1922. 

(2) Luther Marion Banks b. Sept. 16, 1903. j 

(3) Rachel Gholdsteine b. May 6, 1905, m. Bur- 
russ Payne in 1927; issue: — 

a. Harold Ross Payne b. Oct. 8, 1928. 

b. Reese Jones Payne b. Sept. 2, 1936. 

(4) John Patterson Banks b. Oct. 23, 1906, m. 
Azilee Dalrymple in 1929; issue: — 

a. Webb Follin Banks b. July 8, 1931. 



86 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



b. Fred Coleman Banks b. Aug. 13, 1908, m. 
Marjorie Groves in 1932; issue: — 

1. Freddie Love Banks b. Sept, 18, 1936. 
c. Charlie Dance Banks b. April 14, 1914. 

d. William Morris Banks b. April 14, 1919. 

e. Edith Grace Banks b. Sept. 3, 1921. 
/. Bessie Ruth Banks b. May 5, 1924. 

Ralph Banks alone of his father's large family remained in 
the vicinity of Elbert county. He lived all his married life in 
Habersham county, not far from the place of his birth. One who 
knew him well said: "He lived the life of a devoted Christian, 
doing good in very way, visiting the sick, relieving the poor and 
needy, and helping his neighbors by whom he was loved and hon- 
ored." It can also be said of him, that he had a noble and forgiving 
nature and was every ready to make peace, and condone the short 
comings of those who had grievously offended him. Amid the old 
hills of Habersham, his dust mingles with that of his adored wife, 
whose name he held too sacred ever to utter after she was taken 
from him. 



JOHN BANKS, sixth son of Ralph and Rachel Jones Banks, 
was born Oct. 27, 1797, died Sept. 18, 1870, married SARAH 
WATKINS, daughter of John and Susan Daniel Watkins, of the 
Broad River settlement, on the 14th of Feb. 1828. He was a suc- 
cessful merchant, planter and banker, accumulating a large fortune 
much of which was devoted to benevolent purposes. The issue of 
his marriage with Sarah Watkins was a large and happy family; 
the eldest son was: 

I. John Troup Banks b. 1828, d. Nov. 25, 1862, after 
years of suffering. 

II. Willis Dunston Banks b: Jan. 15, 1830. He was a 
captain in the Thirty-ninth Alabama Regiment C. S. A., was 
mortally wounded at Atlanta July 28, 1864, died Monday, August 
1, 1864. 



87 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



III. George \'oung Banks b. Sept. 16, 1831, d. Dec. 
1887, m. Sue C. Mitchell April 18, 1854; issue: — 

1. John M'. Banks b. Jan. 22, 1855, d. April 12, 1902, 
111. first Alpha Ayres; issue: — 

( 1 ) George Banks b. 1880, d. April, 1902. 

(2) Emma Sue Banks b. 1882, m. Harry 
Buchanan. 

John Banks m. second Lula Sander (b. Nov. 5, 1867, d. 
April 22, 1935) Oct. 20, 1891; issue:— 

(3) iMattie Banks b. June 27, 1893, m. George 
Ogden Oct. 14, 1919; issue:— 

a. George Ogden, Jr., b. Dec. 21, 1921. 

b. Mildred Elizabeth Ogden b. Feb. 26, 1924. 

c. John Henry Ogden b. Jan. 18, 1932. 

(4) William David Banks b. March 15, 1897, m. 
Willie Blackmon of Oteen, N, C. 

2. Mattie Banks b. Jan. 3, 1857, m. Thomas J. Adams, 
d. without issue. 

3. Lizzie T. Banks b. 1859, died after reaching woman- 
hood ; had been a life long invalid. 

4. Sarah M'lllis Banks b. 1861, d. 1906, m. George R. 
ff'illiams; issue : — 

(1) Sue Mitchel Williams m. John Haire Wal- 
ton Oct. 18, 1905; he d. March, 1935; issue:— 

a. Sarah Banks Walton b. 1907, m. Joseph 
Neel Franklin, 1929; issue:— 

1. Sue Banks Franklin b. July 16, 1933. 

b. John Haire Walton, Jr., b. 1909, killed in 
automobile accident Oct. 1933, m. Frances 
Mathews April, 1933. 

c. Britain Williams Walton, b. 1911, un- 
married. 

d. Margaret Henderson Walton b. 1913. 
(2) Thomas Lemuel Williams b. Feb. 12, 1884. 



88 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(3) George Redding Williams b. 1889, m. Marie 
Miller July 6, 1925; issue:— 

a. George Redding Williams b. Nov. 28, 
1926. 

(4) Martha Turner Williams b. 1892, m. Albert 
Homer Dudley of Seale, Ala. ; issue : — 

a. Dorothy Banks Dudley b. Sept. 5, 1915, 
m. Oscar Hundley Thompson of Tuskegee, 
Ala., Nov. 28, 1933. 

b. Albert Homer Dudley b. Aug. 22, 1918. 

c. George Williams Dudley b. Aug. 31, 1921. 

5. Eugenia S. Banks b. Oct. 22, 1863, unmarried, d. in 
New York. 

6. George Young Banks, Jr., b. Aug. 3, 1866, m. 
Katherine Bowman; issue: — 

(1) Elizabeth Bowman Banks b. 1902, m. John 
Uncles, First Lt. U. S. A.; issue: — 

a. Marka Uncles. 

(2) Katherine R. Banks b. 1904. 

(3) Sue Mitchel Banks b. 1905, m. Douglas 
Roden Oct. 1933. 

(4) Georgia Florence Banks b. 1907, m. Henry 
Coley, 1932. 

7. Mary Lucy Banks b. Nov. 22, 1868, d. Nov. 17, 
1932. 

8. Sue Mitchel Banks, died young. 

George Young Banks, Sr., m .second, Dolly Jeter; issue: 
one child, Dorothy Banks, now living in Atlanta, Ga. 

George Y. Banks, father of the above family, was a member 
of the convention at Montgomery, Ala., which framed the Con- 
federate States Constitution. 



89 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



IV. Daniel Webster Banks, fourth son of John and 
Sarah Watkins Banks, was born Feb. 24, 1833, was killed while 
on picket duty near Atlanta Ga., August 11, 1864. He was the 
last killed of three brothers who fell at their posts in defense of 
their country, between May 15, 1864 and August 11, 1864. Seven 
of the sons of John and Sarah Banks served in the C. S. A. army, 
the two remaining ones being deterred by physical inability. 

V. Edward Sims Banks b. April 15, 1834, d. 1900, m. 
Pauline De Launev Jan. 5, 1859; issue: — 

1. Liuy De Lnuney Banks b. Dec. 2, 1859, d. Oct. 30, 
1922, m. Atidreiv Hillhouse Shepherd; issue: — 

(1) Pauline Shepherd m. Clifton C. Johnson; 
issue : — 

a. Pauline Shepherd Johnson b. July 17, 
1906, m. E. A. Feimster, Jr.; issue: — 

1. Elise Shepherd Feinster b. Oct. 18, 
1932. 

b. Andrew Shepherd Johnson b. Aug. 16, 
1908. 

(2) Edward Trueheart Shepherd b. July 16, 1885. 

(3) Elise Wynne Shepherd b. March 27, 1890, m. 
Andrew Prather ; issue : — 

a. Clarke Prather b. Oct. 24, 1917. 

V^l. Susan Martha Banks, eldest daughter of John and 
Sarah Watkins, Banks, b. Oct. 29, 1835, d. unmarried June 29, 
1893. Hers was a rarely beautiful character. She was universally 
loved, 

VII. Rockingham Gilmer Banks, b. March 8, 1837, d. 
Nov. 1899, m. Kate Burney July 16, 1861, no issue. 

VIII. Richard Eugene Banks b. April 23, 1838, and was 
killed in the battle of Resacca Ga., May 15, 1864. He was a Lt. 
of Company F. Thirty-ninth Regiment, Dea's Brigade, Alabama 
troops, C. S. A. 



90 



i 




Elbert Augustine Banks, M. D. 
1840—1902 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



IX. Elbert Augustine Banks, M. D., "a noble type of 
his family," says Dr. Graves in his "Alstons and Allstons," and he 
to whom we are indebted for much of the data concerning the 
Banks family, was born Jan. 15, 1840, and died, after a life de- 
voted to others, in the house where he was born in Wynnton, Ga., 
September, 1902. 

X. William Kelly Banks, the youngest of nine brothers, 
was born April 3, 1841, and died in Wynnton, Dec. 10, 1874. 

XI. Sarah Lucy Banks, second daughter of John and 
Sarah Watkins Banks born November 9, 1842, died February 6, 
1928, married Edward Ellis Yonge March 27, 1872. He died 
Dec. 4, 1919; issue:— 

1. John Banks Yonge b. June 27, 1874, d. Dec. 18, 
1926, m. Sarah Emmell Sept., 1911. 

2. Mary Ellis Yonge b. Jan. 21, 1877, d. July 27, 
1909, m. Myles Harris Gardner April 25, 1906. 

3. Sarah Watkins Yonge b. June 15, 1881, m. Samuel 
Jordan Slate June 10, 1908. He died Dec. 11, 1931; 
issue : — 

( 1 ) Samuel Jordan Slate b. July 27, 1909. 

(2) Sarah Watkins Slate b. May 5, 1914. 

(3) Mary Yonge Slate b. Dec. 28, 1918. 

XII. Anne Virginia Josephine Banks b. Sept. 28, 1844, 
d. July 24, 1906, m. Gideon James Peacock Jan. 28, 1873. He 
died Dec. 1. 1913 at Mt. Sinai Hospital, New York City; issue: — 

1. Sarah Watkins Peacock b. Feb. 8, 1874, m. Samuel 
Kelly Dimon; issue: — 1 

(1) Josephine Banks Dimon b. Nov. 17, 1896, m. 
John J. McKay, Jr., of Macon, Ga., Sept. 22, 
1921, at family residence old Banks home "The 
Cedars" ; issue : — | 

a. Josephine Banks McKay, called "Jo 
Banks," b. April 27, 1923. 



92 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



b. Sarah Watkins McKay b. July 3, 1928. 

c. John James McKay III b. April 27, 1932, 

d. May 5, 1932. 

(2) Sara Dimon b. Sept. 2, 1899. 

(3) Samuel Kelly Dimon, Jr., b. June 7, 1901. 

(4) Zilpah Peacock Dimon b. March 2, 1903, m. 
James Elli Averett Oct. 29, 1927 at "The Cedars." 
issue : — 

a. Charlie Cole Avertt b. April 27, 1933. 
b. James Eli Averett, Jr., b. March 1, 1935. 

(5) James Watkins Dimon b. Aug. 9, 1904. 

(6) Eugene Banks Dimon b. Dec. 25, 1905, d. 
May 15, 1907. 

(7) Jack Banks Dimon b. Aug. 30, 1912, m. Clara 
Mercer on April 26, 1934, at St. Luke Church. 

2. Elberta Peacock b. April 30, 1877, m. Robert 
Dougherty Leonard, her mother's second cousin; issue: — - 

(1) Josephine Virginia Leonard b. March 14, 
1901, d. April 18, 1919. She died on Good Friday 
and was buried on Easter Sunday. 

(2) Richard Henry Leonard b. Oct. 30, 1902. 

(3) Sara Rebecca Leonard b. Jan. 1, 1905, m. 
William Grady Causey; issue: — 

a. Sara Claire Causey b. Sept. 25, 1929. 

b. Emily Elberta Causey b. Feb. 13, 1934. 

(4) Matilda Banks Leonard b. Aug. 30, 1907, m. 
Frank Cooper Smith ; issue : — 

a. Jean Smith b. Dec. 6, 1927. 

b. Dorothy Smith b. July 4, 1930. 

c. Frank Cooper Smith, Jr., b. July 5, 1936. 

(5) Jamie Peacock Leonard b. Sept. 9, 1909. 

(6) Robert Dougherty Leonard b. Aug. 11, 1912. 

(7) Elberta Peacock Leonard b. June 2, 1915, d. 
Oct. 1923. 



93 



BANKS OF ELBFRT 



(8) George Banks Leonard b. May 18, 1918. 
3. Jnmes Gideon Peacock b. May 2, 1884, d. June 9, 
1930, m. Glenne Mae Fortson; issue: — 

(1) John Banks Peacock b. Feb. 2, 1918. 

(2) Glenn Fortson Peacock b. July 23, 1920. 

(3) Anne Virginia Peacock b. June 29, 1923. 

XIII. Mary Priscilla, youngest child of John and Sarah 
Banks, b. 1847, d.. aged eight hours. 



MARY J. BANKS, second daughter of Ralph and Rachel 
Jones Bai^ks, was born Aug. 10. 1799, d. Jan. 1864, m. in 18—, 
first, DR. ROBERT B. JONES, of Virginia; issue:— one son, 
Elbert B. Jones, who died in Tuscaloosa in 1845. Dr. Jones set- 
tled in Jonesboro, Jefferson county, Alabama, where he died in 
182—. 



MARY BANKS JONES m. scond, in 1823, JOHN W. 
NAPIER, of Marengo county, Ala.; issue: — 

I. Thomas Banks Napier d. 1867. 

II. Richard Napier, died young. 

III. Lemuel Napier b. 1831, m. his second cou-in, Mary 
Pai.mer Ready; issue: — 

1. Charles Ready Napier b. in Choctaw county, 
Ala., Sept. 3, 1865, d. in Chicago, 111., Feb. 16. 
1934. He m. first Mrs.Exie Agney of Freeport, III. 
He m. second Margaret May Hazvks of Blooming- 
ton, 111. ; issue : — 

a. Margaret Ready b. Mav 22, 1908, m. Wil- , 
Ham Forest Crouch. " 

b. Charlotte Patricia Ready b. March 17, 
1914. 

2. Sarah Ready Napier b. in Morgan county, Ala., 
Nov. 14, 1873, m. William M. King of Columbus, 



94 



I 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Ga. He died Dec. 11, 1913. Sarah Ready Napier 
m. second Robert G. Harrison of Birmingham, Ala. 

IV. Katherine R. Napier b. 1833, d. 1846. 

V. John Napier b. 1835, was captured in the battle of 
Shiloh and died a prisoner of war in St. Louis, Mo., 1862. 

VI. Leonidas Napier b. 1838. 

VII. Rachel Mary Napier b. 1842, d. 1910, m. F. W. 
SiDDONS 1859. It is interesting to know that the "Siddons girls," 
as the daughters of Mary Napier were called in Selma, Alabama, 
where they were born and married, are now (1937) three lovely 
white headed ladies. Isabelle and Mary live a quiet life in Union- 
town, Ala., while Estelle lives with her daughter in Cleveland, 
Tenn. ; issue : — 

1. Mary Napier Siddons m. Gaston D. Stollen- 
werck in 1881. He is dead ; issue: — 

(1) Siddons Stollenwerck m. in 1909 Elise 
Rencher. Lives in Faunsdale, Ala ; issue : — 

a. Mary Belle Stollenwerck. 

(2) Gaston D. Stollenwerck m. in 1919 
Louise Forney McCorkle ; issue : — 

a. Louise Forney Stollenwerck b. 1921. 

b. Mary Gaston Stollenwerck b. 1928. 

2. Estelle Siddons m. Eugene Stollenwerck in 
1881. He died in 1894; issue:— 

( 1 ) Henry A. Stollenwerck m. Anna Stevens. 
Now living in Brooklyn, N. Y. ; issue: — 

a. Eugene Stollenwerck. 
(2) Mary Gaston Stollenwerck m. Rev. Bob 
Jones, president of Bob Jones College, Cleve- 
land, Tenn. ; issue : — 
a. Bob Jones, Jr. 

(3) Jack Waddell Stollenwerck. He was 
drowned in 1922. Unmarried. 



95 




h 





aiS'3? ; 4 -< >s " ■ i , "-i 



LucRETiA Webb Banks 
1812—1873 



BANKS OF ELBFRT 



3. Isabelle Siddons m. George D. Scott; no child- 
ren. 



DUNSTAN BANKS, seventh son of Ralph and Rachel 
Jones Banks was born Dec. 10, 1800, d. Sept. 1881, m. LU- 
CRETIA WEBB, daughter of Thomas and Mary Dickens 
Webb of North Carolina in 1833. 

I. Martha Parthenia Banks b. 1833, d. 1867, m. 
Davidson Cross of Tennessee ; no issue. 

II. Henrietta Banks m. first Gaston Martin; no 
issue. After his death she married Capt. David Armstrong, 
C. S. A., of Tennessee; issue: — 

1. Lucretia Batiks Armstrong, b. — , d. May 30, 1926, 
m. Dr. Rufus W. Carroll. He died April 20, 1918; 



issue :- 



( 1 ) David Irwin Carroll, b. — , d. Oct. 9, 1918. 

(2) Eric Neil Carroll, resides in Beaumont, Texas. 

(3) Ona Fay Carroll, m. C. J. George May 3, 
1917. They reside in Dallas, Texas. 

(4) Artie Carroll m. W. H. Perkins, Jr. of Beau- 
mont, Texas ; issue : — 

a. William Carroll Perkins, b. 1918. 

b. Irwin Perkins, b. 1921. 

c. Haywood Armstrong Perkins, b. 1923. 

d. Wintress Fay Perkins, b. 1925. 

e. Eric Neil Perkins, b. 1930. 

(5) Ruth Wintress Carroll, unmarried, resides in 
Beaumont, Texas. 

(6) Blewett Smythe Carroll, m. Elizabeth Wier 
of Beaumont, Texas, June 12, 1936. 



97 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



2. Mattie Armstrong m. Seaborn Alonza Driver of 
Augustine, Ala., member of an old and distinguished 
Southern family. She died in 1892; issue: — 

(1) Seaborn Alonza Driver, Jr., now li\ing in 
Augustine, Ala. 

3. Julia Armstrong , died young. 

III. Robert Webb Banks b. 1843. He graduated from 
the University of Alabama in 1862, joined the C. S. A., and 
made a gallant soldier. Amid a storm of shot and shell he plant- 
ed the Confederate banner on the Federal fortifications at Frank- 
lin, Tenn., and escaped from his dangerous position unscatched. 
Dr. Graves gives in his "Alstons" the stirring tribute to "Ser- 
geant Banks," written for the New York Times, by Dr. M. ]. 
Moses, surgeon of the Thirty-seventh Mississippi Regiment Volun- 
teers C. S. A. The closing lines of the poem are : 

"And since that day, when'er I hear 

Of heroes from the ranks. 
My mind will always head the list 

With little Seargeant Banks." 

He was but a boy then, but in mid-life he was ready to fight again, 
and enlisted for the Spanish-American war and was Colonel of the 
Second Mississippi Regiment. He married Alice Sherrod, grand- 
daughter of Benj. Sherrod of North Alabama on Nov. 18, 1869; 
issue : — 

1. Sarah Felix Banks b. in Columbus, Miss.. Nov. 7, 
1870, d. in 1913, m. Charles D. Hill of Kentucky in 
1 893 ; issue : — 

a. Charles Banks Hill b. 1894, d. 1904. 

2. Dunstan Banks, died young. 

3. Lucile Webb Banks b. in Columbus, Miss., Julv 29, 
1873, now resides in Memphis, Tenn. For manv vears 
she constributed illustrated historical articles on "The 
Old South" to many Southern and Eastern Sunday papers 
and for more than a decade has been engaged in historical 



98 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



r ^ 

research, having compiled valuable and beautiful records 
and has acquired a most unusual history. 

4. Robert Webb Banks, Jr., b. April 16, 1875. He 
served in the Spanish-American war and during the 
World War was a field secertary for the Red Cross. He 
has patented a varied number of useful articles and at 
present (1937) has four patents pending. 

5. Jaffies Oliver Banks b. July 18, 1876, m. April 11, 
1904 Alary Trigg of Arkadelphia, Arkansas; issue: — 

(1) James Oliver Banks H b. Dec. 13, 1908 at 
Arkadelphia, m. July 21, 1933, Irene Frances Bal- 
mat of Conway, Ark. ; issue : — 

a. James Oliver Banks IH b. Sept. 1, 1935 at 
Little Rock, Arkansas. 

(2) Sherrod Daily Banks b. June 12, 1910, in 
Arkadelphia, m. Rita Gustafson of Denver, Colo., 
on March 20, 1935. 

6. Daughter, died young. 

7. Alice Sherrod Banks, b. Sept. 9, 1884, m. Milton 
George Odeneal June 4, 1911. Now living in Memphis, 
Tenn. 

IV. The fourth child of Dunstan and Lucretia Webb Banks, 
LucRETiA, was a noble woman who devoted her life to others, first 
giving her young years to the care of an invalid mother and aged 
father, and her later years to the care of the orphaned children of 
her sisters. "She bears the marks of Christ in her body." She died 
Feb. 28, 1907. 

V. Julia Rebecca Banks b. 1847, d. 1894, m. John B. 
DiLLAHUNTY, descendant of a French family, the De la Honte; 
issue : — 

1. Dunstan Banks Dillahunty b. 1875, d. 1897. 

2. Mattie Banks Dillahunty b. 1877, m. Harold H. 
Knight of Birmingham, Ala. ; issue : — 



99 




Priscilla Banks Butt 
1802—1853 



1 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(1) Harold Banks Knight b. Dec. 9, 1909. He is 
now (1937) assistant Traffic Manager of the Good- 
year plant at Gadsden, Ala. 

(2) Dorothy Grace Knight b. Aug. 13, 1905; 
died young. 

(3) Julian Virginia Knight b. Jan. 24, 1908, m. 
Jerry Vance Thomas ; issue : — 

a. Martha Virginia Thomas b. Sept. 21, 1930. 

b. Carolyn Joy Thomas b. Aug. 11, 1934. 

(4) Robert Lee Knight b. March 17, 1901, died 
young. 

(5) Martha Maybelle Knight b. June 18, 1913, 
resides with her mother in Miami, Fla. 

3. Lucy M^ebb Dillahiinty m. Wilbur P. Morey Feb. 
15, 1911. He died in Wedonia, Penna., May, 1937; 
issue : — 

(1) Lillian Marks Morey b. 1918, d. 1930. 

(2) Sarah Elizabeth Morey. 

(3) Lucretia Banks Morey. 

4. John B. Dillalunity, now living in Youngstown, 
Ohio, unmarried, 

5. Julian Dillahunty m. Walton C. Pitts of Birming- 
ham, Ala. Resides in Transfer, Penna. No issue. 

6. Lillian Dillahunty m. David J. Jones of Hubbard, 
Ohio; issue: — 

( 1 ) David J. Jones, Jr. 

(2) Daniel Jones. 

(3) Wilbur Jones. 

(4) Margaret Lillian Jones. 



PRISCILLA BANKS, third daughter of Ralph and Rachel 
Banks, was born in Elbert county, Ga., Sept. 3, 1802 died in 
^Vynnton, near Columbus, Ga., Feb. 2, 1853; married CAPTAIN 



101 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



MOSES BUTT, who had served in the Indian wars, July 28, 
1822; issue: — 

I. Frances Rachel Butt, died young. 

II. John Henry Butt, b. Nov. 1, 1824, m. Johngeline 
Celeste Winter, daughter of John Gala Winter, Oct. 8, 1859. 
No issue. Died in iVIontgomery, Ala., in July, 1883. 

III. Richard Lemuel Butt, twin brother to John Henry 
Butt, was born Nov. 1, 1824. He graduated from the University 
of New York and received his medical degree March, 1846. He 
was a skilled physician and surgeon. He possessed much personal 
magnetism, and drew about himself a large circle of friends. He 
was thrice married, first to Elizabeth Cox Leonard, daughter 
of Col. Van and Jeannette Harvie Leonard; issue: 

1. Frances Priscilla Butt, b. 1847, d. 1900, m. first PF. 
C. McCarty ; issue : one child, died young. She married 
second IF. E. Miller, no issue. She married third Mr. 

Tucker; no issue. 

2. Mary J'irgiiiia Butt b. June 9, 1852, d. May 8, 
1934, Emerson, Manitoba, Canada, buried in Las Vegas, 
N. M.; m. Michael James Woods Oct. 7, 1874. He died 
July 1, 1885 at Las Vegas, N. M.; issue: 

(1) James Paxton Woods, b. Oct. 31, 1879, Hot 
Springs, Ark., d. Nov. 18, 1898, Las Vegas, N. M. 

(2) Helen Maurice Woods b. Sept. 5, 1884, Las 
V'egas, N. M., m. Frank Rutherford Plunkett Feb. 
19, 1910. He died Nov. 21, 1925 in Brandon, 
Manitoba, Canada, buried at Eagle Grove, Iowa; 
issue : — 

a. Virginia Garrard Plunkett b. Nov. 17, 
1916, Fort William, Ontario, Canada, m. E. 
Vernon Manning Nov. 3, 1934. 

b. Jean Aubrey Plunkett b. Aug. 11, 1918. 

3. Jeanette Leonard Butt b. March 5, 1853 in Tal- 
botton, Ga., d. Aug. 8, 1887, m. Gilbert Wesley Johnson 
April 10, 1870. He d. Jan. 5, 1889; issue:— 



102 




Richard Banks, M. D. 
1794—1856 



FOR GENEALOGICAL HISTORY, See Page 71 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(1) Mary Elizabeth Johnson b. and d. in Mem- 
phis, Tenn., Feb. 22, 1871. 

(2) James Eld ridge Johnson b. March 5, 1872, 

d. , m. Eliza Allen Watts of Montgomery, 

Ala. She d. Dec. 7, 1899; issue:— 

a. Byron Johnson, died young. 

b. James Eldridge Johnson II b. June 25, 
1897. d. Aug. 27. 1926 in Ashville, x\. C, m. 
Myrtle Brown; issue: — 

1. James Eldridge Johnson III b. Sept. 
12, 1926. 

c. Gilbert Dwight Johnson b. Jan. 22, 1875. 
Now living in Montgomery, Ala., unmarried. 

d. Nettie Marie Johnson b. Jan. 20, 1881, d. 
March b, 1903, m. Neatward Ellis of Union 
Springs, Ala. ; no issue. 

e. Richard Lemuel Johnson b. July 15, 1887, 
d. July 24, 1887. 

4. Sarah Elizabeth Butt b. 1854, d. Jan. 1891, m. 
William Edmound Love (b. 1855. d. 1915) Dec. 5, 
1874; issue: — 

( 1 ) Emily Love b. Jan. 13, 1875, d. Jan. 9, 1920, 
m. first Erwiii Turner Jones of Raleigh, N. C. (d. 
1905) in 1904, m. second W. H. Baird of Baird, 
Miss., in 1914; no issue. 

(2) Elizabeth Leonard Love b. 1876, d. 1912, m. 
Maxwell Preston Patteson of Memphis, Tenn., in 
1894; issue: 

a. Infant daughter b. 1896, d. 1896. 

b. Maxwell Preston Patteson b. 1897, d. 
1899. 

c. Elizabeth Leonard Patteson b. 1900. m. 
William H. Baird in 1921. 



104 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(3) Mary Banks Love b. Sept. 12, 1878, m. Harry 
Wilson Hennegin of Little Rock, Ark., Oct. 14, 
1908; issue:— 

a. Elizabeth Lane Hennegin b. Feb. 20, 1911, 
m. James William Smithers, Jr., of New 
Orleans, La., June 1, 1933; issue: — 

1. Harriet May Smithers b. Oct. 24 
1934. 

(4) William King Love b. Feb. 9, 1880, m. 
Alberta Carruthers of Memphis June 4, 1907 ; 
issue : — 

a. William King Love, Jr., b. June 1, 1911, 
m. Elizabeth Firth of Scarsdale, N. Y., June 
30, 1936. 

b. Carruthers Love b. Sept. 21, 1912. 

c. Jane Love b. Jan. 29, 1914, m. Robert 
Maynard Holt on May 7, 1937. 

d. Lillian Love b. Nov. 8, 1918. 

(5) Thomas Lemuel Love b. Dec. 5, 1882, m. 
Mary Elizabeth Pogue of Waco, Texas, May 31, 
1910. 

(6) Celeste Winter Love b. Aug. 5, 1884, m. 
Leslie Allen Thornton of Memphis, Tenn., Oct. 3, 
1905 ; issue: — 

a. Mary Elizabeth Thornton b. Nov. 10, 
1910, m. Eugene Joseph Johnson, Jr., of Mem- 
phis, Tenn., Oct. 22, 1932; issue: — 

1. Eugene Joseph Johnson III b. May 

22, 1937. 

(7) Van Garrard Love b. June 13, 1891, m. 
June 7, 1916 Harriet Gleaves Mason of Nashville, 
Tenn., issue: — 

a. Van Garrard Love, Jr., b. Jan. 15, 1920. 

b. Gleaves Mason Love b. Feb. 1, 1924. 



105 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



5. Richard Lemuel Butt, eldest son of Dr. Richard L. 
and Elizabeth Leonard Butt, was born in 1857, m. Mary 
E. Jordan May 19, 1881 ; issue:— 

(1) Richard Lemuel Butt, Jr., b. April 22, 1882, 
in Midway, Ala. He m. first Lucie Rebecca 
Browder of Montgomery, Ala. She d. April 15, 
1917 ; issue: — 

a. Lillian Browder Butt b. Feb. 27, 1909, 
in Atlanta, Ga. 

b. Richard Lemuel Butt b. Nov. 26, 1910, m. 
Jeffy Pearl York of Bolton, Ga., June 1, 1935. 

c. AL-iry Elizabeth Butt b. March 25, 1912. 
Richard Lemuel Butt m. second Fay Rice Slaughter 
May 12, 1920; issue:— 

a. D. Fay Butt b. Sept. 5, 1921. 

(2) Arthur Jordan Butt b. March 28, 1885 at 
Midway, Ala., m. Mary Roberta Roberts of Mont- 
gomery, Ala., April 12, 1912; issue: — 

a. Arthur Jordan Butt, Jr., b. March 27, 
1914, in Pensacola, Fla. 

b. Katie Shephard Butt b. Dec. 12, 1917, in 
IVIontgomery, Ala. 

(3) Howard Eldridge Butt b. April 5, 1888 at 
Midway, Ala., m. first Maude Howe of Mont- 
gomery, Ala., April, 1909; issue: — 

a. Anne Celeste Butt b. Oct. 5, 1910. 

b. Howard Eldridge Butt b. Sept. 6, 1912. 
Howard Eldridge Butt m. second Sarah B. Ware. 

Dr. Richard Lemuel Butt m. second Mrs. Pattie Jack- 
son Gamewell; issue: one child, died young. 

Dr. Richard L. Butt m. third Mrs. Mary Vandiver 
Henderson. He died Dec. 18, 1901, having reached his seventy- 
eighth year. 

IV. Sarah Alabama Butt b. April 5, 1830, d. Nov. 1882, 
m. Dr. Harvey King Dec. 2, 1847; issue: — 

1. H'illiani Moses King b. Oct. 6, 1848, m. first, his 
third cousin, Alarietta King ; issue : — 



106 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(1) William Harvey King. 

(2) Salome King. 

William M. Kiiig m. second, his cousin, Sarah Ready 
Napier ; no issue. 

2. Jnna Hunter King b. Feb. 1850, m. Dr. Joseph 
Martin Pickett Sept. 1872; issue: — 

( 1 ) Annie King Pickett, died young. 

(2) Willie Pickett, died young. 

(3) Edward Pickett. 

(4) Margaret Pickett m. Lieut. Henry Wright, 
U. S. N. ; issue: — 

a. Joseph Pickett Wright. 

(5) Joseph Martin Pickett, Jr. 

(6) Pauline Pickett. 

(7) Minnie Harvey Pickett m. William Pierce 
Chilton Nov. 16, 1904; issue: one infant, died young. 

3. Richard Henry King , died young. 

4. Harvey King, died young. 

5. Sarah Harvey King m. William C. Torbet ; issue: 
one son, Edgar C. Torbet. She died Nov. 1905. 

V. Mary Virginia Butt b. April 25, 1832, d. Sept. 20, 
1854, m. Daniel Butler Bird of Florida, Dec. 11, 1850; 



issues : — 



1. Daniel Butt Bird b. Dec. 11, 1851, d. Sept. 1917, 
m. Mary E. Denham, of Scotch ancestry, April 10, 1873; 
issue : — 

(1) Daniel Banks Bird b. Aug. 21, 1874, m. 
Monticello, Fla., m. Isabella F. Leek April 29, 
1903 ; issue: — 

a. Daniel Bailey Bird b. July 21, 1905, m. 
Virginia Maury March, 1924; issue: — 

1. Mildred Maury Bird. 

2. Marv Denham Bird, 



107 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(2) John Denham Bird b. Feb. 25, 1876, m. 
Isabella C. Stout July 14, 1904; issue:— 

a. Mary Isabel Bird b. April 26, 1905, m. 
Claude Wolfe Sept. 18, 1926; issue:— 

1. Virginia Birdy Wolfe. 

2. Claude Wolfe II. 

(3) Mary Isabel Bird b. Dec. 14, 1878 m. 
Thomas W. Winton June 8, 1904; issue: — 

a. Mary Denham Winton b. March, 1905, d. 
March, 1906. 

(4) Livie Chaires Bird b. May 22, 1881, m. Nov. 
1904 John Hainey Flautt; issue: — 

a. Ellen Salonie Flautt b. June, 1905. 

b. John Hainey Flautt, Jr., m. Odell Stewart 
Dec. 24, 1935. 

c. Meredith Flautt. 

d. Daniel Bird Flautt m. Elizabeth Smith 
July, 1932. 

e. Rose Elizabeth Flautt m. Robert Neil Sept. 
1933 ; issue : — 

1. Robert Neil, Jr., b. July, 1934. 
/. Mary Caroline Flautt m. Davis Long 
Jan. 1934. 

(5) Carrie Ellen Bird b. Oct. 6, 1883, m. John 
Wyatt England Dec. 10, 1902; issue:— 

a. Mary Elizabeth England b. 1905, d. Aug. 
1908. 

b. John Alfred England b. 1907. 

c. Edmund England b. Sept. 1910. 

d. Margaret Denham England b. 1914. 

2. Sorah Pris cilia (Lila) Bird m. Grisby Thomas 
Long ; issue: — 

(1) Willis Julian Long b. Aug. 27, 1871, at 
Hurtsboro, Ala., m. first Lena Bethune. She died 
June, 1893; issue: — 



108 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



a. Julian Bird Long b. Dec. 22, 1892, at 
Birmingham, Ala. 

Willis Julian Long m. second Clara Annie Jane 
Dobbs July 1, 1894, at Longview, Texas. He 
served as a freight conductor for twentj'-four 
years, then owned and operated a dairy farm, the 
largest in Gregg county, Texas, until his death Jan. 

2, 1933. To this second union were born six 
children. 

h. Tom Ashley Long b. April 26, 1895 at 
Longview, Texas, m. Irma Ream Dec. lb, 
1916 ; issue : — 

1. Thomas Julian Long b. Oct. 29, 1919 
at Longview, Texas. 

2. Richard Ream Long b. Aug. 29, 1924 
at Longview, Texas. 

c. Mary Elizabeth Long b. Feb. 10, 1897 at 
Longview, m. first Robert Deakle Feb. 12, 
1918. He was killed overseas in World war. 
She m. second Jake Alwood Oct. 18, 1922, m. 
third S. H. Bass Sept. 11, 1924. m. fourth S. 
G. Dunning Nov. 2, 1926. 

d. Willis Colquitte Long b. July 24, 1900, 
at Longview, Texas, m. Marguerite Kline May 
8, 1923, at Los Angeles, Calif.; issue: — 

1. Willis Colquitte Long, Jr., b. Feb. 
13, 1924, at Longview, Texas. 

2. Ada Jane Long b. June 19, 1926. 

3. Laura Louise Long b. Feb. 21, 1930. 

e. Lilla Laura Long b. Sept. 28, 1903, m. 
Aug. 18, 1931 W. R. Hughes of Marshall, 
Texas. 

/. Jim McKenzie Long b. Feb. 13, 1907, m. 
first Sarah Richkie May 8, 1924, m. second 
Novell Lockheart, m. third Irene Taylor July 



109 



M. 





Georgia Butt Young 
1834—1911 



BANKS OF ELBFRT 



13, 1927, m. fourth, Margie Cotton Moore 
Nov. 1931. 

g. Clara Eugenia Long b. Sept. 25, 1910, 
m. Joe Mas Culver Sept. 19, 1925, at Long- 
view, Texas. 

(2) Laura Sophia Long b. 1872, m. George L. 
Jennings of Baltimore March 16, 1892; issue: — 

a. John Pratt Jennings m. Jessie Gibbs; no 
issue. 

Laura Sophia Long Jennings m. second Hugh C. 
Smith ; no issue: 

(3) Kate DiWorth Long b. 1874, m. Aaron 
Grigsby Oct. 26, 1890, d. 1892; issue:— 

a. Henry Milton Grigsby b. 1892. 

(4) Grigsby Thomas Long, Jr., m. Mary Bell 
Mills of St. Louis, Mo.; issue: — 

a. Florence Louise Long m. George Davis. 

(5) James McKenzie Long m. Penny Ballinger 
Pearce. 

(6) Daisye Bird Long m. Richard Newell Poin- 
dexter of Virginia Nov. 15, 1905; issue: — 

a. Daisye Lee Poindexter m. Zed Hawkins; 
issue : — 

1. Daisye Lee Hawkins. 

2. Cora Lee Poindexter Hawkins. 

VL Georgia Priscilla Butt b. July 22, 1834 d. April 21, 
1911, in Columbus, Miss., m. Thomas Erskine Young, son of 
George and Lucy Watkins Young of Waverly, Miss., in 1855. 
He died July, 1869; issue: — 

1. Lilla Banks Young, d. Feb. 8, 1917, m. Thomas 
Blewett Franklin Dec. 1876; issue: — 

(1) Lilla Young Franklin m. Henry Merrill 
Pratt of Prattville, Ala., April, 1905; issue: — 



111 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



a. Merrill Pratt m. Millard Fillmore 
Thomas of New York. 

b. Lilla Young Pratt. 

(2) Sidney Cornell Franklin, a child of brilliant 
promise, died Dec. 27, 1891. 

(3) Infant daughter b. and d. 1893. 

2. Virginia Watkins Young m. Edward Randolph 
Hopkins; issue : — 

(1) Charles Beverly Hopkins m. Iva Veltman ; 
Issue : — 

a. Charles Beverly Hopkins H. 

b. Elbert Erskine Hopkins. 

(2) Edward Erskine Hopkins. 

(3) Annie Cabot Hopkins m. Elbert A. Hamil- 
ton Nov. 11, 1911. 

(4) Georgia Young Hopkins. 

3. Lucy Woodsen Young m. Dr. Charles Cecil Stock- 
ard, deceased ; issue : — 

( 1 ) John Rupert Stockard, died young. 

(2) Charles Cecil Stockard H, M. D., m. Goldie 
Robertson ; issue : — 

a. Cecil Robinson Stockard m. Betty Hicks, 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Milton Gardner 
Hicks, on June 22, 1935; issue: — 

1. Lucy Elizabeth Stockard. 

b. Frank Robinson Stockard b. 1920, d. 1922. 

(3) Lucy Vaughan Stockard m. A. B. White, 
son of John and Minnie White, Oct. 28, 1914. 

4. Sarah Vallie Young d. March 29, 1930. 

5. Anna Alyda Young d. Jan. 19, 1919, m. Major 
Henry Marsden Waddell, Jan. 11, 1892. He died Jan. 
20, 1908; issue:— 

(1) Henry Marsden Waddell. 

(2) Hugh Browning Waddell, First Lieutenant 
U. S. A. 



112 



BANKS OF ELBFRT 



6. Moselle Butt Young, d. 1869, age two years. 

7. Thomas Erskine Young m. John Sidney PVh'ite; 
issue : — 

(1) Erskine Vallie Young White m. Edward 
Archibald, deceased ; issue : — 

a. Edward Archibald. 

(2) Sidney Erskine Young White, deceased. 

VII. Moses Edward Butt, D. D., was born Oct. 31, 
1836, student at Henry and Emory College, Virginia. He died in 
Childersburg, Ala., Feb. 14, 1920. He married first Henrietta 
Allen, daughter of John W. Allen ; issue : — 

1. Johnnie Allen Butt. She died in 1912, m. in 1884 
Dr. Albert Philip George; issue: — 

(1) Minnie Mozelle George b. 1885, m. in 1911 
William Jennings Milliken, now living in San 
Francisco, Calif. ; issue : — 

a. William Jennings Milliken b. 1912. 

b. Dorothy Allen Milliken b. 1914. 

c. Mozelle Kathleen Milliken b. 1916. 

d. George Robert Milliken b. 1918. 

e. Henrietta Nancy Milliken b. 1920. 

(2) Kathleen Allen George b. 1888, m. 1916 
Gustav Richard Stahl ; issue : — 

a. Kathleen Stahl b. 1918. 

b. Robin Elaine Stahl b. 1923. 

2. Edward Moses Butt m. Sallie Cunningham; no 
issue. 

Dr. Moses Edward Butt m. second his second cousin, 
Jerusha Ready, daughter of Aaron and Jerusha Sims Ready; 
issue : — 

3. Amelia Pat tie Butt m. Everett Ay cock. She died 
in Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 6, 1928; issue: — 

( 1 ) John Moses Aycock m. AUie Borroughs Nov. 
1, 1905. 



113 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(2) Everett Ready Aycock. 

(3) Allan George Aycock m. Katherine Latimer 
of Harrisburg, Ark.; issue: — 

a. Allan George Aycock, Jr. 

h. Katherine Latimer Aycock. I 

4. Clarence Ready Butt, died young. 

5. Ellen Ready Butt m. William Bolen Tate; issue: — 

(1) Aloses Ready Tate b. March 1902, m. Leone 
Lawless in Tuscaloosa, Ala., Sept. 20, 1925; issue: 

a. William Tate b. July 1. 1930. 

b. Jean Elizabeth Tate b. Sept. 27. 1935. 

(2) William Eldridge Tate b. Dec. 22, 1903, d. 
May 15, 1930. 

(3) Jerusha Ready Tate b. Nov. 6, 1906. m. J. 
H. Snyder of Birmingham. Ala., July 19, 1934. 

(4) Mary Ellen Tate b. 1908, m. Rev. James E. | 
Harris iMay 6. 1936. 

(5) Mildred Amelia Banks Tate b. June 15, \ 
1912, m. Baxter P. Woodall Sept. 6. 1936. 

VIII. Willis Banks Butt b. May 13. 1839. d. Jan. 4, 
1899, m. JuLLA G. Treutlen in 1863; no issue. 

LX. James Eldridge Butt, youngest child of Moses and 
Priscilla Banks Butt, was born Dec. 2, 1841. He was graduated 
from Chapel Hill, North Carolina., June, 1861, sharing the first 
honor. Directly on his return to his home at Wynnton, a suburb 
of Columbus, Ga., he joined the C. S. A. and was made a lieutenant 
in Capt. Hatch Cook's company, the "Columbus Minute Men." 
He served his country gallantly in the army of Virginia till Sept. j 
1864, when he was wounded in the trenches before Petersburg, and 
died in a hospital in Richmond soon after. It was said of him, "He 
faithfully served his friends, his country and his God, and 
laid down his life with a name unsullied, honored and loved by all 
who knew him." 



114 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



HENRY BANKS, eighth son of Ralph and Rachel Jones 
Banks, was born Nov. 2, 1804, died Sept. 15, 1846, m. JUDITH 
OLIVER, daughter of James and Lucinda Clark Oliver in 1830; 
issue : — 

I. Lemuel Banks b. 1831 d. 1843. 

II. Lucy Ann Banks b. 1834, d. Feb. 22, 1913, m. 
Robert Wilkinson ; issue : — 

1. Thomas PFilkinson b. July, 1854, m. Eva Boweii, 
they died without issue. 

2. Henry Banks Wilkinson d. Jan. 27, 1932, m. Sallie 
Johnston, she died April 11, 1911. Issue: — 

( 1 ) Lucy Banks Wilkinson b. in Hernando, Miss., 
Dec. 6, 1881, m. William Dresser Edwards of 
Southbridge, Mass., in Memphis Jan. 3, 1903; is- 
sue : — - 

a. William Dresser Edwards II b. in Berk- 
eley, Calif., Nov. 2, 1906, m. Mildred Maclin 
of Ripley, Tenn., Aug. 10, 1935. 

b. Henry Banks Edwards b. in Portland, 
Oregon, April 6, 1914. 

c. Robert Wilkinson Edwards b. in Portland, 
Orgeon, March 16, 1912. 

(2) Rebecca Wilkinson m. James Alfred Langley 
of Westboro, Mass., Feb. 1, 1913. Their home is 
Chattanooga, Tenn. ; issue : — 

a. James Alfred Langley II b. Nov. 5, 1913. 

(3) Cornelia Wilkinson m. James Gleeson Mur- 
phy of Detroit Oct. 1908; issue: — 

a. James Glesson Murphy II b. Jan. 4, 1910, 
m. Martha Holman May 6, 1933; issue:— 

1. Ann Gleeson Murphy b. Aug. 23, 

1936. 



115 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



b. Stephen James Murphy b. Jan. 14, 1914 
in Detroit. Married Lois Jane Riley of Ohio 
county, Kentucky, June 3. 1933, no issue. 

3. Robert Wilkinson b. Sept. 1859 d .Jan. 1931, m. 
Concordia Brown White, daughter of Col. Tom White 
of Hernando, Miss., and great grand daughter of Col. 
Frederick Brown of Warren county, Ga. ; issue: — 

(1) xRobert Wilkinson II. 

(2) Thomas White Wilkinson. 

(3) Barbara White Wilkinson. 

4. Lucy Ann Wilkinson, eldest daughter of Robert and 
Lucy Banks Wilkinson, d. in 1928. 

5. Charles Meriweather Wilkinson b. Nov. 1862, m. 
Catherine Aubrey Taylor; issue: — 

(1) Sally Wilkinson b. June 1893, d. Feb. 1896. 

(2) Aubrey Wilkinson b. April 12, 1896, m. 
Henry F. P. Gorman May 12, 1923; issue: — 

a. Virginia Gray Gorman b. March 6, 1924. 

(3) Edward Taylor Wilkinson m. Anne Bowie 
of Natchez, Miss., Feb. 1926; issue: — 

a. Charles Meriweather Wilkinson b. Jan. 
29, 1927. 

b. Allen Hugh Wilkinson b. Aug. 28, 1929. 

c. Anne Bowie Wilkinson b. July 4, 1933. 

(4) Banks Wilkinson m. Noma Moore of Ever- 
ton, Ark., Jan. 1926; issue: — 

a. Patrick Taylor Wilkinson b. Jan. 23, 1927. 

b. Tliomas Moore Wilkinson b. Sept. 13, 
1928. 

c. Henry Banks Wilkinson b. Dec. 29, 1935. 

6. Edward Taylor Wilkinson b. Dec. 1864, m. Glenn 
Howell; issue : — 

( 1 ) Charles Howells Wilkinson b. 1894, m. Anna 
Frances Elder of Cockrum, Miss., May 24, 1925. 
Their home is Hughes, Ark. ; issue: — 



116 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



n. Charles Howells Wilkinson II b. in Her- 
nando, Miss., April 8, 1926. 

(2) Edward Taylor Wilkinson b. in Hernando, 
Miss., Aug. 11, 1897, d. in Albequerque, N. M., 
Dec. 12, 1922. 

(3) Kathleen Wilkinson b. in Hernando, Jan. 
24, 1901, m. James Nelson Clay, Jr., of Oakland, 

Tenn., Oct. 14, 1925; issue: — 

a. Jane Wilkinson Clay b. in Memphis Jan. 
16, 1927. 

b. James Nelson Clay III b. July 13, 1929. 

(4) William Glenn Wilkinson b. in Hernando 
March 30, 1906, m. Susan Harris Jan. 12, 1930; 
issue : — 

a. Edward Harris Wilkinson, b. Jan. 16, 
1932. 

b. Susan Johnston Wilkinson b. Aug. 23, 
1933. 

III. Ralph Banks, son of Henry and Judith Oliver Banks, 
b. 1838, d. 1855. 

IV. Charles Meriweather Banks b. 1840, d. of typhoid 
fever at Pensacola, Fla., Aug. 9, 1861. He was a member of the 
ninth Mississippi Regiment C. S. A., Col. Tom White command- 
ing. 

V. Joel Banks b. 1845, d. 1850. 

VI. Sally Sims Banks b. Feb. 5, 1843, d. April 3, 1909, 
m. Henry Minor Scales^ a lawyer of Memphis, Tenn., June 12 
1866. He d. Aug. 8, 1868; issue:— 

1. Lucy Banks Scales b. May 1, 1867, d. Oct. 25, 1878 
in Oxford, Miss. 

2. Henry Minor Scales, Jr., h. March 13, 1869, d. 
Dec. 15, 1918, in Oklahoma City, Okla., m. Lily 
Houston Watkins Nov. 21, 1907; issue: — 



117 




Lemuel Banks 
1870—1936 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(1) Lillias Watkins Scales b. Feb. 1, 1909, m. 
George Frederick Emery Nov. 21, 1936. 

(2) Louise Banks Scales b. Jan. 23, 1914. 



LEMUEL BANKS, ninth son of Ralph and Rachel Jones Banks, 
was born May 26, 1806, died September 10, 1854, m. LOUISA 
AMERICA TAIT (b. Aug. 31, 1811) Dec. 24, 1835; issue:— 

I. Samuel Ralph Banks b. 1834, d. 1855, m. first Emily 
Yarborough June 1858, who died 1875; issue: — 

1. Lemuel Banks b. 1861, d. 1863. 

2. Charles Banks b. 1863, d. 1877. 

3. Lemuel Banks b. 1865, d. 1879. 

4. Thomas Rafe Banks b. 1866, d. 1869. 

Samuel Ralph Banks Sr., m. second Miss Gavins Nov. 
1878, she died in 1879; no issue. 

II. George Thomas Banks, son of Lemuel and Louisa 
Tait Banks, b. Sept. 11, 1836, d. Dec. 18, 1914, m. Sallie Love 
(b. 1848, d. Dec. 1934) June 1866; issue:— 

1. Le?nuel Banks b. March 16, 1870, d. Aug. 26, 1936, 
m. first Dec. 2, 1891 Lillian Fitzgeral, his third cousin, 
daughter of Bishop Oscar P. Fitzgerald and his wife, 
Sarah Banks Fitzgerald. She was a woman of rare intel- 
lectual and personal gifts and was the first of her sex to 
be graduated from Vanderbilt University. She died 
without issue May, 1902. 

Lemuel Banks m. second Mrs. Estelle Steinbrecher Gil- 
dart; issue : — 

(1) George Thomas Banks b. Aug. 1, 1906. 

(2) Mary Love Banks b. Nov. 7, 1907, m. Clay- 
ton Harris Buchanan Nov. 27, 1935; issue: — 

a. Mary Emily Buchanan b. April 4, 1937, in 
Memphis, Tenn. 

(3) Lemuel Banks b. June 22, 1910, m. Stockton 
Voorhees of Washington, D. C, on Aug. 1, 1937. 



119 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(4) Emily Louise Banks b. Nov. 2, 1912. 

(5) William Henry Banks b. Jan. 5, 1914. 

2. Williajti Love Banks b. Sept. 1, 1821, m. Lucy 
HeartsiU in 1891. She died Aug. 23, 1919; issue:— 

(1) George HeartsiU Banks b. Feb. 15, 1893, m. 
Gertrude Brodrick July 17, 1917; issue: — 

a. David Francis Banks b. Feb. 19, 1919. 

b. William Love Banks b. Nov. 3, 1920. 

c. Barbara Alice Banks b. June 23, 1922. 

d. Edward Brodrick Banks b. March 6, 1926. 

e. Robert HamiU Banks b. Feb. 20, 1936. 

(2) King Lemuel Banks b. July 4, 1895, m. Hazel 
Davies April 15, 1917; issue: — 

a. Margaret Emily Banks b. May 6, 1918. 

b. Louanna Banks b. July 22, 1919. 

c. Ruth Banks b. May 30, 1921. 

d. Carol Banks b. March 19, 1924. 

e. Charlotte Banks b. Dec. 8, 1930. 

(3) David Francis Banks d. Feb. 17, 1919. 

(4) SaUie Love Banks b. Jan. 1, 1901, m. Harry 
Leroy Bickel of Racine, Wis., on July 14, 1928; 
issue : — 

a. John Harold Bickel b. Sept. 24, 1932. 

3. George Thomas Banks, Jr., m. Mrs. Maggie Wells 
Wall ; issue : — 

( 1 ) George Marion Banks m. Virginia Nesbit, 
1928. 

(2) Ralph T. Banks b. June 24, 1912. 

HL Charles Hardy Banks, son of Lemuel and Louisa 
Tait Banks, b. 1838, m. Murtice Freeman Nov. 1866; issue: — 

1. George Thomas Banks b. Sept. 1867, d. 1870. 

2. Myra Tait Banks b. 1869, d. Sept. 23, 1934, m. 
James P. Broivn in 1887. He died July, 1899; issue:— 



120 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(1) Myrtie May Brown b. 1888, d. Oct. 13, 
1935, m. George Henry Pilkington Sept. 8, 1909; 
issue : — 

a. George Brown Pilkington b. June 23, 
1910, m. Virginia Dale Kirkpatrick on April 
9, 1935. 

b. Charles Hardy Pilkington b. Sept. 27, 
1911. 

c. John Ware Pilkington b. Jan. 27, 1916. 

d. James Dean Pilkington b. May 3, 1923. 

(2) Pattie Louise Brown b. 1890 m. Davis Shall 
Plummer Nov. 24, 1915. 

(3) Corinne Banks Brown b. Dec. 20, 1895, m. 
Levy Hardaway June 3, 1914, issue: — 

a. Joy Tait Hardaway b. March 2, 1919. 

b. Louise Penn Hardaway b. April 2, 1927. 

(4) Jamie Penn Brown b. Feb. 5, 1900, m. John 
Bellamy Jan. 18, 1922; issue: — 

a. Myra Banks Bellamy died young. 

b. John Henry Bellamy b. 1927. 

c. William Duncan Bellamy b. Dec. 4, 1929. 

(5) James P. Brown, Jr., died young. 

3. Belle Watkiiis Banksj daughter of Charles H. and 
Murtice F. Banks, m. Harry Boswell Ake in 1891. 
Issue : — 

(1) Dora Banks Ake b. May, 1893, m. Malcolm 
Pender Nov. 30, 1913; issue: — 

a. Elizabeth Ann Pender b. Oct. 1, 1914. 

b. Anna Herbert Pender b. Nov. 24, 1915. 

Dora Ake m. second Francis Robert Brian July 12, 
1924. 

(2) Myra Elizabeth Ake b. Nov. 1894, m. Aage 
Fredericks ; issue : — 

a. James Costner Fredericks. 



121 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Myra Ake m. second William Ivy Rankin. Two 
children were born to this marriage. 
(3) Harry Boswell Ake, Jr., b. 1897. He married 
and has one daughter. He died several years ago. 

4. Daisy O'Dell Banks m. WilUam David Newbern 
Nov. 12, 1902; issue:— 

(1) Charles Banks Newbern b. Sept. 23, 1905, m. 
Mary Frances Harding Dec. 28, 1929. 

(2) Dollie Banks Newbern. 

5. Henry Banks b. 1877, d. 1881. 

IV. Jane Watkins Banks, daughter of Lemuel and 
Louisa Tait Banks, b. 1840. d. 1845. 

V. Richard McPhersox Banks^ son of Lemuel and 
Louisa Tait Banks, b. Aug. 11. 1843, d. Feb. 21, 1935, m. in 1867 
first Betty Bourdon Campbell (d. 1881) ; issue: — 

1. Richard McPherson Banks, Jr., b. Nov. 1868, m. 
Louise Boone Jan. 28, 1896; issue: — 

(1) Richard McPherson Banks III, b. June, 1897. 

(2) Lady Louise Banks b. Jan. 1, 1900. 

(3) George Banks b. March 17, 1910, m. Louise 
Vaughn July 2, 1930; issue: — 

a. Julia Louise Banks b. May 26, 1935. 

2. George Thomas Banks b. March 8, 1872, d. Nov. 
29, 1909, m. Mildred Bell (b. Aug. 6, 1872) Jan. 1892 
by Rev. N. C. Bacon, Hernando, Miss.; issue: — 

(1) Minor White Banks b. March 5, 1899. 

(2) Mildred Farrington Banks b. Dec. 23, 1902, 
m. Lewis Bond Morrow Sept. 19, 1923; issue: — 

a. Lewis Bond Morrow, Jr., b. Nov. 4, 1924. 

b. Minor Meriweather Morrow b. April 5, 
1930. 

(3) Nell Concord Banks b. Jan. 12, 1905, m. P. 
A. Gates, Jr., Feb. 21, 1928. 



122 



BANKS OF ELBFRT 



(4) Elizabeth Campbell Banks b. Dec. 25, 1907, 
m. William E. Gerber Dec. 28, 1930. He died 
Feb. 14, 1934; issue: 

a. William E. Gerber, Jr., b. Dec. 3, 1931. 

3. Nicholas Campbell Banks b. June, 1876, m. CalUe 
Wiseman ; issue : — 

(1) Richard Nicholas Banks b. March 1, 1902, 
m. Ruth Rippy March 1, 1931. 

4. Betty Bourdon Banks b. 1880, m. George Oliver 
Slocumb July 13, 1909. He died Feb. 22, 1930. 
Richard McPherson Banks m. second Mrs. Ida Caruth- 
ers Campbell Jan. 2, 1885 ; issue. 

5. Willia?n Harvey Banks h. 1885, m. Lu Lee Bozvdre 
(b. 1889) Sept. 7, 1919; issue :— 

(1) Ida Caruthers Banks b. Jan. 7, 1912, m. Dr. 
Leonard Davidson Wright (b. Oct. 15, 1909) Jan. 
2, 1934; issue: — 

a. Leonard D. Wright, Jr., b. Oct. 26, 1934. 

b. Harvey Banks Wright b. May 23, 1936. 

(2) Albert Bowdre Banks b. Nov. 30, 1913. 

(3) Dorothy Harvey Banks b. March 6, 1916. 

(4) Lu Lee Bell Banks b. Jan. 22, 1918. 

6. Charles Rafe Banks b. March, 1892, m. Mrs. Mamie 
Goertes Jan. 3, 1933 ; no issue. 

VI. Henry Banks, son of Lemuel and Louisa Tait Banks, 
b. Nov. 5, 1846, d. May 17, 1904, m. Sallie Dockery July 30, 
1 890; issue:— 

1. Lem Banks b. June 12, 1891, died young. 

2. Henry Banks, Jr., h. June 8, 1893, m. Willie Evelyn 
Andrews Jan. 31, 1917; issue: — 

(1) Sally Jane Banks b. Sept. 3, 1918, d. Sept. 6, 
1919. 

(2) Martha Elizabeth Banks b. Dec. 27, 1919, d. 
Sept. 10, 1924. 



123 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(3) Evelyn Banks b. Sept. 30, 1921. 

(4) Frances Dockery Banks b. May 14, 1926. 

3. Love Dockery Banks b. April 18, 1893, m. Mary\ 
Elizabeth Haller June 2, 1921 ; issue: — 

(1) Mary Frances Banks b. Sept. 8, 1924. 

(2) Sally Dockery Banks b. Feb. 15, 1928. 

VII. Mary Baker Banks b. Nov. 13, 1849, d. Oct. 14, 
1874, m. Jordan Payne; no issue. She was a woman of rare 
loveliness of person and character. 

VIII. Lemuel Banks, youngest child of Lemuel and' 
Louisa Tait Banks, b. June, 1852, d. July, 1853. The following 
year his father died and his mother subsequently married Charles 
Merriweather, whose first wife was Mildred Oliver Banks, widow 
of James Banks, a cousin of Lemuel Banks. 



ELBERT BANKS, tenth son of Ralph and Rachel Jones Banks, 
was born January 8, 1810, d. Oct. 8, 1817, aged 7 years and 9 
months, the only one of his family dying before being advanced in 
years. 



MARION BANKS, last child of Ralph and Rachel Jones Banks 
was born in Elbert county, Ga., on the "Coldwater" plantation, 
where each of the children of his parents was born, on the 23rd of 
June, 1813. He lived a bachelor and died in Tuscaloosa, Ala., in, 
1886, at the home he shared with his mother till her death in 1851. 



NECROLOGY 

Thomas Banks, father of Ralph, died June 28, 1789. 

Ralph Banks died Oct. 24, 1823. 

Rachel Jones Banks, his wife, died July 11, 1851. 

Son Elbert Banks died Oct. 8, 1817. 

Son Thomas Banks died July 21, 1835. 

Son Henry Banks died Sept. 15, 1846. 

Son Willis Banks died Sept. 19, 1852. 



124 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Daughter Priscilla Butt died Feb. 2, 1853. 
Son Lemuel Banks died Sept. 10, 1854. 
Son Richard Banks died May 6, 1756. 
Daughter Mary Jones Banks died Dec. 10, 1854. 
Son James Jones Banks died Dec. 10, 1858. 
Son John Banks died Sept. 18, 1870. 
Son Ralph Banks died June 2, 1871. 
Daughter Sally Sims died Oct. 19, 1874. 
Son Dunstan Banks died Sept. 10, 1881. 
Son Marion Banks died ]an. lb, 1886. 



SALLY CHANDLER BANKS, only daughter of Thomas 
and Sarah Chandler, married JOSEPH BLACKWELL Dec. 24, 
1771, in Granville county. North Carolina; issue: — 

Dunstan Blackwell b. April 7, 1775, d. Nov. 5, 1843. 
Unmarried. 



JOSEPH BLACKWELL (b. Mar. 13, 1756; d. May 6. 
1851), m. ELIZABETH McGEHEE (b. 1789, d. 1872) ; issue, 
six sons and five daughters: — 

L James Blackwell, m. Millie Clark. Had large 

family of whom nothing can be ascertained. 

IL Dunstan Blackwell, m. first, Rachel Moss; 

issue, one son. He m. second, Laura Allen ; had issue. 

IIL Thomas Blackwell m. first, Azabiah Pruitt; m. 

second, Ada Griffin, had issue. He died 1899. 

IV. Lawrence Blackell, m. first, Ademia Pruett; 
m. second, Kate Griffin. He died 1900. 

V. Madison Blackwell, m. Sallie Parham ; had issue. 
VL Llewellyn Blackwell, m. first, Lizzie Gantt; 
Issue : one daughter ; m. second, Miss CoSby ; no issue. 
VII. Eliza Blackwell, eldest daughter of Joseph and 
Elizabeth McGhee Blackwell, m. William White; had 
issue. 



125 



V 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



VIII. Sarah Blackwell, m. Jefferson Bowman; 
issue; one son, a bright boy who died at the age of twelve. 
For him the mother unceasingly grieved till her own death in 
1898. 

IX. Cornelia Jane Blackwell, m. first, Dr. Edwin 
Jones; issue: — 

1. Robert Hester Jones b. Dec. 1, 1854, m. Eliza Jane 

; issue : — 

(1) Robert Hester Jones, Jr., b. 1885. March—. 

(2) Mary Estelle Jones, m. John Price; issue: — 
a. Mary Estelle Price b. 1904. 

(3) Lillian Jones. 

(4) Edwin Oscar Jones b. 1892, June . 

2. Edwin Allen Jones, M. D., b. Aug. 6, 1859, m. 
Mary Jane Ferges; issue : — 

(1) William Ferges Jones m. Maude Christian, a 
beautiful blond though of Indian extraction ; is- 
sue: — 

a. Loraine, b. 1905. 

(2) Cornelia J. Jones m. John Howard; issue: — 

a. Homer Edwin Howard b. 1903. 

b. Mamie Florence Howard b. 1905. 

(3) Geneva G. Jones m. Wilton Davis. 

Cornelia Jane Blackwell Jones m. second Rev. W. A. 
Florence; no issue. 

X. Mary Blackwell m. her cousin, Samuel McGhee, 
had issue. 

XI. Claudia Caroline Blackwell, youngest child of 
Joseph and Elizabeth AIcGehee Blackwell, died unmarried in 1867. 



RALPH BLACKWELL, third son of Joseph and Sarah 
Elizabeth Banks Blackwell, died unmarried. 



126 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Bi^NKS BACKWELL m. ELIZABETH CLARK, a wid- 
ow; issue: Lucinda Melisa Blackwell m. Thomas Rucker 
Alexander^ issue: Dunstan Banks Alexander, who married Orrie 
Alexander, issue: three sons and three daughters who live in Elber- 
ton. Lucinda Melissa and Thomas Alexander had four other 
children, who died unmarried. 



PARK BLACKWELL, fourth son of Joseph and Sally 
Chandler Blackwell, m. ELIZABETH MURRAY of South 
Carolina in 1823 in Elbert county, Georgia; issue: — 

I. James Blackwell m. Miss Glymph of South Carolina. 
Issue unknown. 

II. Isabella Thomas Blackwell (1832-1909) m. first, 
Singleton Allen; second, William Clark; third, John 
James in 1869 in Elberton Georgia; issue: — 

1. Isabella James b. 1870, m. Benjaniin Henry Kay 
Jan. 4, 1887 at Anderson, S. C. ; issue: — 

(1) Herbert Kay. 

(2) Wallace Kay. 

(3) Elizabeth Parke Kay, m. James Harris Lan- 
drum Oct. 15, 1911 at Elberton Ga. ; issue: — 

a. Isabella Kay Landrum, m. A. H. A. Wil- 
liams III, June 27, 1937, Granville county, 
North Carolina. 

(4) Katherine Kay. 

(5) Ralph Thomas Kay. 

2. Julia James. 

III. Mary Blackwell m. Thomas W. Thomas; issue: 
one daughter who m. Mr. Tate. 

IV. Cora Blackwell. 

V. Joseph Blackwell. 



ELIZABETH BLACKWELL m. first WILLISON ; 

issue: two daughters: 

I. Sallie Chandler Willison. 



127 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



II. Bettie Blackwell Willison. 

ELIZABETH BLACKWELL WILLISON m. second' 
MIDDLETON ; issue:— 

I. Nancy Middleton m. Col. Thos. Heard; reared ai 
large family. 

II. Lawrence Middleton m. in middle life. From an 
accident received in boyhood became blind. 



DUN STAN BANKS, second son of Thomas and Betty White 
Banks, b. May 26, 1763. He died unmarried. 

The name Dunstan occurs here for the first time in the Banks 
lineage. It has been thought possibly that it was a corruption of 
Tunstall, a name often used previously in the Banks family, but 
never subsequently. Dunstan is found in a number of the later 
families. 



WILLIAM BANKS, third son of Thomas and Betty White 
Banks, was born Feb. 2, 1766; d. Dec. 27, 1820, m. ANNIE 
HENDERSON, b. 1771, d. 1838. Their home was between 
V^ann's creek and the Savannah river near the village of Ruckers- 
ville. In the cemetery of this place their remains lie side by side. 
They reared a family of eleven children, all of w^hom married, : 
and had large families. It is much regrtted that more complete 
data could not be secured. Through the kindness of Mrs. Mattie 
Burch, a grand daughter of William and Anna Henderson Banks, } 
Judge J. J. Burch, of Elberton, Ga., and others, the following 
record has been procured. 



JAMES BANKS eldest son of William and Annie H. Banks, 
m. CHARITY AIKEN. Of him, the late Mrs. Lou Banks 
Stephens said, "He was a good and highly esteemed citizen of 
Elbert county and died of paralysis in mid-life. He had sons and 
daughters, some of whom lived in Monroe county, but not any 
trace of them can be found." 



128 



BANKS OF ELRFRT 



THOMAS BANKS, m. HESTER ANN WILMOT; is- 
sue: three daughters, handsome and attractive women of whom 
nothing was known after the war. Thomas Banks was not happy 
in his domestic life and went to California during the gold excite- 
ment in '49, and was never again heard of, though it was said he 
was lost at sea. (Mrs. Stephens.) 



WILLIAM BANKS m. MISS BOWMAN; issue:— 

I. Mrs. English, lived in Milner, Ga. 

II. Mrs. Walker, lived in Louisiana. 

III. Mrs. Leary, lived in Floyd county, Ga. 

There were other daughters of whom nothing is known, and 
five sons — one lived in Senoy and two in Jackson, others not 
known. 



JOHN BANKS b. 1799, d. June 14, 1846, m. SARAH B. 
CLARK 1802, d. Oct. 6, 1884; issue:— 

I. Rebecca Banks m. David Richardson; issue: — 

1. J. B. Richardson. 

2. Sarah C. Richardson. 

II. Mary D. Banks m. Lewis Blandenberg; issue: — 

1. Ella B. Blandenburg. 

2. John L. Blandenburg. 

3. Luther Blandenburg. 

4. Lucy Blandenburg. 

5. Emma Blandenburg. 

6. Sarah Blandenburg. 

III. Martha G. Banks m. first James McCurry; issue: 

1. Sarah E. McCurry. 

2. Molly L. McCurry. 

Martha C. Banks m. second W. C. Hanson; issue: — 

1. Eulalia S. Hanson. 

2. Jennie V . Hanson. 

3. Mattie H. Hanson. 

4. Annie W . Hanson. 



129 



BANKS OF ELBFRT 



IV. William C. Banks m. first Mary McClendon; 
m. second Mary Strickland; issue: — 

1. Henry Banks. 

2. Cnry Banks. 

3. Sarah C. Banks. 

4. Lizzie Banks. 

5. Alary Lou Banks. 

6. Mattie Banks. 

7. Georgia E. Banks. 

8. Ida Banks. 

9. Annie Banks. 

V. Willis P. Banks m.. had children, died. 

VI. Lucy B. Banks m. T. J. Taylor, issue: 

1. Johri Taylor. 

2. Sarah R. Taylor. 

3. Richard Taylor. 

4. Augustus Taylor. 

5. Georgia Taylor. 

6. Thomas Taylor, 

7. David Taylor. 

8. Lucy Taylor. 

VII. Rachel E. Banks married ; had issue, died. 

VIII. J. S. Banks, married, had issue. 

IX. Henry H. Banks, died unmarried. 

X. John L. Banks, m. Lou C. Strickland, issue: 

1. Mary Banks. 

2. John L. Banks. 

3. Sarah Lou Banks. 

4. Charles Banks. 

5. Oscar Banks. 

6. Robert Banks. 

7. Mattie Lizzie Banks. 

8. Eugene Banks. 

9. Vivian Banks. 

10. Enuna G. Banks. 

11. Willis Banks. 



130 



BANKS OF ELBKRT 



It has been impossible to verify the above data concerning the 
family of John Banks, son of William and Annie Henderson Banks. 
It was found among the papers of Dr. E. A. Banks and accurately 
copied. Notliing further is known of this family, or who furnished 
the data. 



WILLIAM R. BANKS m. ELIZABETH BOWMAN; 

issue : — 

I. William Jefferson Banks m. Mary Elizabeth 
Williams; issue: — 

1. Sarah Banks m. Odom. 

2. George M'^ashington Banks. 

3. Henry Jethro Banks. 

4. James Andrew Banks. 

II. Thomas Banks m. Miss Rooks. 

III. Sank Banks m. Miss Weaver. 

IV. Zachariah Banks. 

V. Sallie Banks m. D. Walker. 

VI. Elizabeth Banks m. Jace English. 

VII. MoLLiE Banks m. Thomas Leary. 

VIII. Mattie Banks m. William Barkley. 

IX. Duck Banks m. Dr. Palmer. 



POLLY BANKS, eldest daughter of William and Annie 
Henderson Banks, m. THOMAS DAVIS. Had several children, 
no further record given. 



ELIZABETH BANKS b. Feb. 6, 1796, d. Dec. 11, 1852, 
m. PETER ALEXANDER, son of William and Frances Rucker 
Alexander of Virginia. He was b. June 22, 1783, d. May 15, 1856; 
issue : — 

I. William B. Alexander m. Willie Bowman; issue: 
one son who died, leaving one son who lives in or near Little Rock, 
Arkansas. 



131 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



II. Thomas Rucker Alexander m. first, Lucianda 
Melissa Clark Blackwell, daughter of Banks Blackwell, issue: 
several children, onh' one, Dunstan Banks Blackwell, had issue: 
he married Onie Alexander, and had six children, all unmarried 
and living in Elberton, Georgia. 

Tho>!as R. Alexander m. second, Marla Hubbard, had 
several children. 

III. Leonidas B. Alexander m. Elizabeth Davis of 
Monroe county, Ga. Had issue, of whom nothing is known. 

IV. Peter W. Alexander m. Maria Theresa Shortfr 
(b. 1840. d. 1918) daughter of James Shorter of Columbus, Ga., 
grand neice of Judge Eli Shorter and neice of Gov. Tohn Gill 
Shorter of Alabama. M. in 1870; issue:— 

1. Sarah Shorter Alexander b. 1872, m. John H. Allen; 
no issue. Now living in Greenwich, Conn. 

2. George Shorter Alexander b. 1874. d. 1928, m. 
Nonnie Pope Wishett; no children. 

3. Paul W. Alexander b. 1876, m. Dora H. Bressle; 
issue : — 

( 1 ) Paul W. Alexander, Jr., b. 1913. 

(2) Theresa Shorter Alexander b. 1915. 

(3) Edward R. Alexander b. 1918. 

(4) Dora H. Alexander b. 1919. 

(5) Mary Alden Alexander b. 1921. 

V. James H. Alexander m. Miss Bowery, no issue. He 
was wounded i,i battle during the war between the states and died 
in Richmond, Va. 

n yi' io"^°"^' ^^^''' Alexander, M. D., b. Oct. 29, 1826, d 
'^ct. 16, 18—; unmarried, in Arkansas. 

VII. Wllis S. Alexander, M. D., died unmarried in 
Arkansas. 

VIII. Mary E. Alexander m. Joseph Armond; issue :- 



132 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



1. Julian Armond, m., had issue. 

2. T. C. Armond, unmarried. 

3. E. A. Armond, m. ; issue: three children. 

4. Annie B. Armond, unmarried. Taught at Wesleyan 
College, Macon, Ga., in 1932. 

IX. Mattie F. Alexander m. Thomas C. Burch ; issue: 

jeight children, viz: 

1. John L. Burch m.Sallie Shields; hs\xt•.%^vtr^\. c\\\\- 

dren. They live in Texas. 

2. Minnie T. Burch m. Dr. J. M. Carlton, of South 
Carolina ; issue : one son and two daughters. 

3. James J. Burch m. Miss Bussey; issue : one daughter. 
They live in Lincoln county, Ga. 

4. Alexander W. Burch, M. D., unmarried. 

5. Thomas C. Burch, unmarried. 

6. Henry L. Burch, unmarried. 

7. William L. Burch, unmarried. 

8. Belle Banks Burch, unmarried. 



m, 



SALLIE BANKS, daughter of William and Annie H. Banks, 
WILLIS ALEXANDER; issue: several children. 



NANCY BANKS, m. THOMAS WOOLDRIGE; no 



issue. 



ANN BANKS m. WILLIAM N. BOWEN ; issue :— 
1 William Bowen, who married first Miss Varner, of 
Tuskegee, Ala. ; had issue; second, Miss Katherine Welborn. 



ELIZA BANKS, h. 1813, m. WILLIAM BRYSON 1833 
(Moved to Mississippi in 1839.) Issue: Mrs. Nannie 
Wilkerson and others. 



133 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



MARTHA BANKS, m. JOHN HUDSON; Issue: several i 
children. 



JAMES BANKS, fourth son of Thomas and Betty White 

Banks, was born August 4. 1770; d. ; m. Charity Alston, 

daughter of James Alston and his wife, Grizel Yancey Alston. 
Issue: — 



JAMES ALSTON BANKS, m. MILDRED OLIVER, 

daughter of James and Lucy Clark Oliver; issue: one son, 
William C. Banks, a lawyer of Darien, Ga. He died without 
issue. Mildred Oliver Banks subsequently married Charles 
Meriwether, who married second, Louisa Tate Banks, widow 
of Lemuel Banks. 



NATHANIEL BANKS, son of James and Charity Alston 
Banks, b. 19th of January, 1799; d. 3rd of August, 1843; m. 
Caroline Frances Hughes, daughter of Thomas and Mary 
Hughes, b. Spetember 2, 1805; d. January 30, 1843. Issue: 

I. Thomas Leonidas Banks b. 1829; d. 1881; m. 
Sarah Eleanor Arnold, b. 1835; d. 1919. Issue:— 

1. Ida Brniks b. 1851; d. 1897; m. Jacob B. Sims. 
Issue: — 

(1) Thomas Banks Sims, b. 1871; m. Jennie B. 
Jones. Issue : — 

a. Frank Sims b. 1899. 

b. Banks Sims b. 1903. 

(2) George Redding Sims b. 1873; d. 1901; m. 
Edna Blackwell. Issue: — 

a. George Redding Sims, Jr. 

(3) William J. Sims b. 1875, m. Susie Richard- 
son. Issue : — 

a. William J. Sims b. 1918. ^ 

b. Sue Sims b. 1918. (Twins) 

(4) Leola G. Sims m. Dr. G. P. BuUard. 
No Issue. 



134 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



(5) SalHe E Sims. 

(6) Sam R. Sims b. 1881, m. Jessie Kate Jackson. 
Issue : — 

a. Jessie Lee Sims. 

b. Frances Sims. 

c. Ida Sims. 

(7) Ella John Sims m. Lee Bohannon. Issue: — 

a. Sarah Bohannon. 

b. Ella Bohannon. 

(8) J. B. Sims b. 1889. 

(9) Fannie Sims b. 1892, m. Ben Couch. Issue: 

a. Vivian Couch. 

b. J. B. Couch. 

c. Frances Couch. 

(10) Marvin Sims b. 1896, d. 1896. 

2. Nathaniel Overton Banks, son of Thomas L. and 
Sarah Arnold Banks, b. 1853, d. 1909, m. Theopa Bobo. 
Issue : — 

(1) Thomas Bobo Banks, b. 1880, d. 1936, m. 
Bessie Cotton. Issue: — 

a. Elizabeth Banks, b. 1904, m. William 
Frank Jarrell. Issue: — 

(a) Elizabeth Jarrell b. 1932. 

(b) William Frank Jarrell, Jr. b. 
October, 1936. 

(2) Lucile Banks, m. George Snead. No Issue. 

(3) William Nathaniel Banks, b. 1884, m. 
Evelyn Wright. He is president of the Cotton 
Manufacturers' Association of Georgia (1937). Is 
head of the Grantville, Ga., Mills and the 
Mcintosh Mills of Newman, Ga. Issue: — 

a. William Nathaniel Banks, Jr., 1923. 

(4) Edwin S. Banks b. 1886, m. Tommie White. 
Issue : — 



135 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



i 



n. Frances Virginia Banks b. 1912. 
b. Alice Banks. 

(5) Mary Frances Banks. 

(6) Minella Banks. 

(7) Donald Banks, b. 1894, m. Janice Johnson 
Issue : — 

a. Donald Banks, Jr., b. 1924. 

b. Mary Ellen Banks. 

(8) Kthel Banks, b. 1897, m. AVarren Mitchel, 
Jr., b. 1925. 

3. Lucy Banks, daughter of Thomas L. and Sarah 
Arnold Banks, b. 1855; d. 1856. 

4. fniliam A. Banks, b. 1858; d. 1858. 

5. Mary Frances Banks, b. I860; d. 1900; m. Olin S. 
Peacock, who d. 1885. No Issue. 

6. Sarah Eleanor Banks, b. 1862; d. 1905 ; m. John R. 
Sims. No Issue. 

7. Mina Antioneite Banks, b. 1864; m. Ira Palmiis 
Bradley ; Issue : — 

(1) Mina Bradley, b. and d. 1886. 

(2) Thomas Banks Bradley, b. 1899. 

8. Thomas Charles Banks b. 1866; d. 1923; m. Jessie 
McWhorter; issue: — 

(1) Nathaniel McWhorter Banks b. 1891; m. 
Marion Robinson: issue; 

a. Thomas Robinson Banks b. July 13, 1913 • 
m. Mary Lyle Shipley in 1935. 

b. Nathaniel Marvin Banks b. 1915; d. 1916. 

c. Marion Banks b. March 22, 1920. 

(2) Jessie Len Banks b. 1894, m. Edwin Good- 
hue ; no issue. Now living in Gadsden, Ala. 

(3) Horace G. Banks b. 1896, m. Elsie DuPre ; 



( 



issue :- 



136 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



a. Elsie Leigh Banks b. 1920. 

b. Jane McWhorter Banks b. 1924. 

c. Thomas DuPre Banks b. 1930. 

(4) Thomas C. Banks b. 1900, m. Kathryn 
Hughes; issue: — 

a. Julia Ann Banks b. 1925. 

b. Jessie Lynn Banks b. 1937. 

(5) Samuel Alston Banks b. 1907, m. Mary Gate- 
wood Pulliam ; issue : — 

a. Samuel Alston Banks, Jr., b. 1928. 

9. Lillie Banks b. 1869, d. 1871. 

10. Samuel Banks b. 1872, d. Oct. 11, 1919, m. Irene 
Murph; issue: — 

(1) Virginia Banks b. Dec. 7, 1906, m. J. O. St. 
John, M. D., in 1935. 

(2) Samuel Banks, Jr. b. 1910. 

11. Enoch Marvin Banks b. 1877. 

IL Mary E. Banks, daughter of Nathaniel and Caroline 
Hughes Banks m. Charles Arnold. They moved to Louisiana 
and died, leaving no issue. 

in. Carolina Frances Banks, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Caroline Hughes Banks, m. William Glenn Arnold; 
issue : — 

1. Susan Gertrude Arnold b. Oct. 3, 1850, d. Dec. 11, 

1927, m. William Appleton Post b. Dec. 22, 1848, d. 

Mar 19, 1925, in Grantville, Ga., July 1, 1869; issue:— 

(1) William Glenn Post b. Nov. 22, 1871, d. 

Nov. 8, 1932, m. Rosa Kate Muse; issue: 

a. William Glenn Post, Jr., b. April 23, 
1897 at Newnan, Ga., m. Florence Dean 
Crump April 30, 1929. 

b. Daniel Muse Post b. Dec. 21, 1901 at 
Nevv^nan Ga., m. Harriette Calhoun Ivie 
Sept. 20, 1923; issue: — 



137 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



1. Daniel Muse Post b. July 13, 1924 

at Murfreesboro, Tenn. 
c. Allen William Post b. Dec. 3, 1906, m. 
Mary Chastaine Cook Dec. 27, 1934. 

(2) Gertrude Arnold Post b. March 6, 1875, d. 
March 27, 1936. 

9 

2. Thomas Edivin Arnold d. in 1908. 

3. Glen Arnold m. Fannie C. Moreland ; issue: — 

( 1 ) William Glenn Arnold d. 

(2) Jennie Banks Arnold. 

(3) Robert Arnold, d. 

(4) Lucille Arnold. 

(5) Charles Arnold 

4. Dollie Caroline Arnold m. James A. Parks; issue: — 

(1) Tiny Clair Parks m. Owen Henley. They 
live in Nashville, Tennessee. 

(2) Susie Parks m. Albert Hill. They live in 
Greenville, Georgia. 

5. Lila A. Arnold m. Walter W. Wisdom; issue: — 

( 1 ) Dena Wisdom now living in Atlanta, Ga. 

(2) Walter W. Wisdom, Jr., deceased. 

(3) Thomas C. Wisdom, deceased. 

6. William G. Arnold b. Oct. 6, 1862, d. Sept. 26 
1911, m. Emily Stanford. She died April 26, 1913; 
issue : — J 

(1) Stanford Arnold m. Virginia Brasch ; issue: — 
a. Virginia Arnold. 

(2) Caroline Frances Arnold. 'M 

(3) Mary Roberts Arnold m. Rufus Brown 
Askew; no children. | 

(4) William Glenn Arnold m. Louise Gibson; 
issue : — ■ 

138 



I 



J 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



a. Sarah Jane Arnold. 

b. William Glenn Arnold, Jr. 

c. Sanders Gibson Arnold. 

d. Edward Ryan Arnold. 

(5) Emily Stanford Arnold m. Clarence Askew 
Perry ; issue : — 

a. Marv Francis Perrv. 



GRIZEL (Gilly) YANCY BANKS daughter of James 
and Charity Alston Banks, h. about 1802, m. BEDFORD 
HARPER; issue:— 

I. William James Harper m. Fannie Dorrough; 
issue : — 

1. Richard Harper. 

2. Annie Harper. 

3. William Harper m. Genevieve Dean. 

4. Lizzie Harper m. — — Denby. 

5. Thomas Harper m. Mattie Moon. 

6. Sallie Harper. 

7. Alston Calhoun Harper. 

H. Charity Harper d. unmarried. 

III. Martha Eleanor Harper m. George Erskine 
Heard; issue :^ — ■ 

1. Bedford Harper Heard m. Ida Lanier McCalla. 

2. Thomas Jefferson Heard m. Widie Soudidge. 

3. Emma Banks Heard m. Nathaniel Gholson Long, 

M. D. 



HANNAH K. BANKS, daughter of James and Charity 
Alston Banks, m. FLORENCE McCARTY OLIVER b. March 
10, 1809; issue:— 

I. James McCarty Oliver, who married, had one son, 
Earnest Oliver, who m. Nannie IVilliamson. They live in La- 
Fayette, Ala. 



139 



BANKS OF ELBFRT 



II. Samuel Clark Oliver m. Mildred McGhee, had 
issue. Samuel Clark Oliver of Talladega, Ala., is a grandson. 



FRAxXCIS ASBURY BANKS, son of James and Charity 
Alston Banks m. SIDNEY SKIDMORE; had issue. 



MARTHA BANKS m. THOMAS CRAWFORD; issue: 

I, Elizabeth Crawford m. Reese of Madison, 

Ga. ; issue. 

1. Augustus Reese and seven daughters, one of whom 

m. Dr. Storale and one m. Foster. Martha Banks 

and Thomas Crawford had other children besides the 
above, of whom nothing is known. 



EMILY SARAH BANKS, daughter of James and Charity 
Alston Banks m. COL. DORROUGH ; left no issue: 



I 



JOHN BANKS, fifth son of Thomas and Betty White' 
Banks, was born April 7, 1774, d. 1838, m. first SUSAN 
DRIVER; issue:— 

REBECCA BANKS b. April 11 1804, d. 1870, m. first 
JAMES JONES, issue:— 

I. Mary E. Jones b. July 22, 1833, m. Hick-' 

MAN ; issue : — 

1. Augustus Hickman. ■ 

2. Lula Hickman m. Williams of Graysville, Ga. 

3. Georgia Hickman. 

4. James Hickman. 

REBECCA BANKS m. second JAMES EDMONSON, b. 
Jan. 1798, March, 1826; issue:— 

II. John L. Edmonson b. Dec. 1826, d. 1901, m. first 
Sarah Buchanan Jan. 4, 1849, she died in 1850; he m. second 



140 



BANKS OF ELBhRT 



Kate I. Selleck in 1855, she died in 1866; he m. third E. M. 
Selleck in 1867; issue: — 

1. Lawrence Ludlow Edmonson, d. 

2. Sarah Elizabeth Edmonson m. Heartsill; issue: 

(1) Cleveland Heartsill, d., (2) Will Heartsill, 
d., (3) Ike Heartsill, (4) John Heartsill, (5) 
Mary Heartsill. 

3. Rebecca Banks Edmonson m. — — Rembert; issue: 

(1) Annie Lou Rembert, (2) James D. Rembert, (3) 
Nettie Rembert, (4) John Rembert, (5) Manton 
Rembert, d. 

4. James P. Edmonson. 

5. John L. Edmonson. Jr., m. ; issue: (1) 

Annie Edmonson, d. ; (2) Nettie Edmonson, m. 

Erskine, issue: Lucia; (3) Kate P. Edmonson, (4) 
Maude Edmonson, m. Gudger, issue: Mary Fran- 
ces, Mattie Lowry, John Patton, Robert M. ; (5) Eula 
Evelyn Edmonson, (6) Selleck Edmonson, d., (7) May 

Morris Edmonso« m. Johnson, issue: Dimple 

Johnson, Bert Johnson, Virginia Johnson; (8) Samuel 
Carter Edmnson, (9) Virginia Mae Edmonson. 

III. Susan L. Edmonson b. Feb. 1829, d. 1868, m. 
Samuel M. Street Dec. 3, 1851 ; issue: — 

1. James Street, d. 

2. Samuel Street. Jr.. m. ; issue: (1) Clara Street, 

(2) Murley Street, d., (3) Fred Street, d.. (4) Mamie 
Street, (5) Dixie Street. 

3. Clara Street, d. 

4. George Street, d. 

IV. Sarah H. Edmonson b. July, 1831, d. Dec. 31, 1870, 
m. first John H. Moffett; m. second L. L. Edmonson Nov., 
1862 ; issue : — 

1. Rebecca Edmonson. 

2. Tom Edmonson, d. 

3. Lawrence Ludlow Edmonson^ d. 



141 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



V. Harriet W. Edmonson b. Feb. 22, 1834, d. 1887, m. i 
W. A. Anderson Oct. 1855; issue: — i 

1. Sollie L. Anderson m. Iriuin; issue: (1) Wil- 
liam, (2) Robert, (3) Gallic, (4) Fannie, d., (5) T. 
B., (6) Jesse, (7) Hattie, (8) John. 

2. Robert Anderson m. ; issue: Foster Anderson. 

VI. Amanda C. Edmonson b. May, 1837, d. 1895, m. 
B. E. Newton in 1864; issue: — 

1. Basil Newton m. ; issue: (1) Nona (2) Mary 

(3) Audrey, (4) Basil, (5) Ben, d. 

2. Tow Newton, d. 

3. Eloise Newton. a 

VII. Virginia M. Edmonson b. May 8, 1839, m. Samuel 
E. Field Oct. 1865. I 

VIII. Georgia R. Edmonson b. Feb. 1842, d. Nov. 1880, 
m. Charles T. Keeny Dec. 1862; issue: — 

1. Virg'mia Keeny. 

2. To77i Polk Keeny. 

3. Herbert Keeny. 

IX. Thomas Polk Edmonson b. Sept. 1843. He was 
killed in action near Cosawattie river, Murray county, Ga., April 
3, 1865. He was a Colonel in the Confederate States Army. 

X. James F. Edmonson b. Sept. 13, 1846, d. Nov. 1846. 

XI. William A. Edmonson b. Dec. 1847, d. 1889; issue: 

1. Tom Edmondson, d. ■ 

2. Sam Edmondson. 

^ Nora Edmondson. 

Bertie Edmondson m. Perkins; issue: (1) Ruth. 

5. Katie Edmondson m. Hall; issue: (1) Esther 

Hall. 4 

6. John L. Edmondson, Jr., m. ; issue: (1) 

Katherine. 



142 



I 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



WILLIAM ASBURY BANKS, son of John Banks and 
Susan Tate, b. Dec. 26, 1812, d. June, 1875, m. MRS. MARTHA 
BATTLE BRYAN, widow of Needham Bryan and daughter of 
j Rev. Thomas Battle, Dec. 20, 1840; issue: — 

I. John William Banks b. Nov. 25, 1843, d. July, 1891, 
m. Ella Woodruff of Columbus, Ga. ; issue: — 

1. Lyra Banks m. R. A. Hobbs; issue: — 

(1) Mildred Hobbs. 

(2) Dorothy Hobbs. 

(3) Robert Asbury Hobbs. 

2. fVilla Banks. 

3. Alma Banks. 

4. Woodruff Banks. 

5. Bertha Banks, died young. 

6. Lem Banks. 

II. Calvin William Battle Banks b. Jan. 30, 1846, d. 
May, 1871, unmarried. 

III. Louisa Marion Banks b. Feb. 2, 1848, m. John 

M. McGiNTY Dec. 13, 1866; issue— 

(1) Berta, (2) Bessie, (3) Sadie, (4) Hollis, (5) 
Nellie McGinty. None living except Bessie. 

2. George Banks AIcGinty m. Marion Sawtelle of 
Washington, D. C, where they reside. No issue. 

IV. James Asbury Banks b. March 14, 1850, d. June, 
1892, m. LuLlA K. Asbury, daughter of President Asbury — long 
time president of the Monroe Female Academy at Forsyth, Ga. — 
Dec. 1874; issue: — 

1. Mat tie Lou Banks. 

2. Clifford Banks. 

3. James Banks. 

4. Bessie Banks. 

5. Richard Banks. 

V. Robert Henry Banks b. Jan. 1854, m. Loula Askin; 
issue : — ^ 



143 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



1. Katie Banks m. Fletcher Carter, issue : ( 1 ) Kathleen. 

2. Annie B. Banks. 

3. Lacy Banks. 

4. Birdie Banks. 

5. Bessie Banks, died young. 

6. Robert Banks. 

VI. George Thomas Banks b. 1858, unmarried. 



JOHN HUDSON BANKS, son of John Banks and Susan 
Tate b. in Elbert county, Ga., in 1815, d. Feb. 22, 1884, m. first 
CLARA F. JACKSON (b. Jan. 11, 1820, d. May, 24, 1855), 
Dec. 11, 1838; issue:— i 

I. Martha L. Banks b. Oct. 14, 1839, d. June 22, 1840. 

II. William H. Banks b. Sept. 6, 1841, killed while 
charging a battery at the battle near Griswaldville, Ga., Nov. 22, 
1864, died without having married. 

III. Susan Clara Banks b. April 2, 1844, d. Oct. 11, 
1905. m. May 1, 1862 Nathan Jones (b. Sept. 9, 823, d. March 
26, 1866) ; issue: — 

1. Williain Cransby Jones b. June 17, 1863, m. Cora 
McGinty March 5, 1890; issue: (1) Paul Jones b. Julv 
20, 1892. (2) Marie Jones b. Jan. 27, 1895. 

2. Nattie Lee Jones b. Oct. 5. 1866, d. 1903 m. 
Benjamin B. McCoiven June 9, 1887; issue: (1) 
Thomas Benjamin McCowen, b. Jan. 1, 1889, (2) Roy 
Nathan McCowen, b. Sept. 20, 1890, (3) Nellie Grace 
McCowen b. Sept. 15, 1892, d. Aug. 8, 1895, (4) 
Esther McCowen, b. April 21, 1895, d. Sept. 18, 1895. 

SUSAN CLARA BANKS JONES m. second JOHN 
JONES Oct. 2, 1870; issue:— 

3. Lela E. Jones b. Dec. 1871. d. July 10. 1873. 

4. Jettie Clara Jones b. July 3, 1874, m. H. M. Timon 
of Ruston, La. 



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BANKS OF ELBFRT 



5. Pearl Jones b. Jan. 20, 1876 m. Cape A. Holmes. 
Nov. 11, 1896; issue:— 

( 1 ) Clara Elizabeth Holmes. 

6. John Hudson Jones, b. Sept. 17, 1879. 

IV. Sarah A. Banks, daughter of John and Clara Jackson 
Banks, b. July 27, 1846, d. July 27, 1846. 

V. Emma Elizabeth Banks b. May 15, 1852, m. Henry 
N. Feagon of Houston county, Ga., Dec. 19, 1882; issue: — 

1. Susie Feagan b. Dec. 2, 1883, d. May 23, 1885. 

2. John Banks Feagan b. June 6, 1886. 

3. Clara Feagan b. Nov. 17, 1888. 

4. Robert Cox Feagan b. April 4, 1892. 

VI. Francis J. Banks b. May 11, 1855, d. June 13, 1855. 

JOHN HUDSON BANKS m. second ELIZA JONES 
Nov. 1856. She died 1896; no issue. They lived in Culloden, Ga. 



SARAH A. BANKS b. Feb. 2, 1819, d. April 26. 1881, m. 
JAMES R. HOLLEY March 16, 1837; issue:— 

I. William Holley b. Jan. 1838, d. 1839. 

II. John Banks Holley b. Aug. 3, 1840, m. first Sallie 
M. Carter, m. second Lizzie J. Merrit; issue: — 

1. Rosalin Holley b. 1873. 

2. Mary Lou Holley b. 1873. 

3. Julia Banks Holley b. 1880. 

4. James W. Holley b. 1881. 

5. Sarah J. Holley b. 1883. 

6. Minnie W . Holley b. 1885. 

7. James Hoiuell Holley b. Dec. 25, 1887. 

8. Vera Holley h. May 1889. 

9. George B. Holley b. 1894. 



145 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



III. Jaimes Holley, third son of James and Sarah Banks 
HoIIey. b. 1852. m. Abbie Covington in 1881 ; issue: — 

1. Banks Holley b. 1885. 

2. Susan Holley b. 1888. 

3. Sallie R. Holley b. 1890. 

4. James O. Holley b. 1892, d. March, 1893. 

5. Roland Holley b. Dec. 1894. 

W . Susan C. Holi.ev, daughter of James and Sarah Banks 
Holley. b. 1842, d. 1859. 



146 



i 



GLEANINGS AND 
CHARACTER SKETCHES 

COMPILED BY 

GEORGIA BUTT YOUNG 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



RALPH BANKS 

By GEORGIA BUTT YOUNG 

A writer in a Georgia medical journal, July, 1885, in a 
sketch of Dr. Richard Banks, introduces his subject by the follow- 
ing allusions to Ralph Banks, father of Richard, and founder 
with his brothers, of the Georgia family of that name. 

"The eastern portion of the State of Georgia bordering on 
the Savannah river was quickly settled up after the Revolutionary 
War by hardy, industrious and enterprising emigrants from 
Virginia and North Carolina. They left the impress of their 
characters and civilization upon the earlier commonwealth, and 
from their descendants have come many of the most distinguished 
citizens of the Empire State of the South. 

"Amongst the new comers was Ralph Banks, who emigrated 
from North Carolina, and settled in Elbert county. Beside the 
usual motive to removal, the hope of bettering his fortune and 
laying for his children the foundation for future prosperity, Ralph 
Banks had another object. 

"His venerable father had become infatuated by the charms 
of a youthful maiden of the Old North State, Susannah Hunt by 
name. The son, believing absence conquers love, placed hundreds 
of miles of unbroken forest between the lovers. But his scheme 
proved unavailing; the aged Adonis after a short sojourn in 
Georgia returned to North Carolina, and married the pretty 
Susannah, and founded another family of Banks, w^ho still flourish 
in the far west. 

"Ralph Banks was an intelligent, successful and prosperous 
Georgia farmer ; cultivating tobacco as a principal crop and 
marketing the hogshead in which it was compressed at Augusta, 
until the cotton gin furnished him a more profitable staple. His 
high moral character and genial manners attracted to his home 
many visitors. His house became the resting place of the early 
Methodist ministers. 

"Bishop Asbury in his journal mentions in a visit to Elbert, 
that he stopped with Ralph Banks whose handsome, healthy wife, 



150 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



thirty six years old, was the mother of twelve children — later two 
others were added. From those sprang some of the leading 
families in Georgia. Every one of the ten sons attained distinction, 
several of them acquired great wealth, and all of them preserved 
their Methodist connection. 

"Their descendants today are numerous and influential in 
the State." 

The writer of the above, Dr. Westmoreland, the distinguished 
surgeon of Atlanta, then proceeds with his sketch of Dr. Richard 
Banks which is given elsewhere. 

Dr. George C. Smith in his history of "Georgia and Georgia 
People," says: 

"The home of Ralph Banks still stands in Elbert County, 
where it was built by his own carpenters more than seventy-five 
years ago. It has fourteen large rooms in the two stories above the 
ground and cellars beneath. The inventory of his estate, (still to 
be found in the Court House records of Elberton), show scores 
of slaves, thousands of acres of land, horses, sheep, cattle, goats, 
wheat, barley, corn, oats, and alas! good Methodist as he was, 
one-hundred gallons of peach brandy sundry barrels of hard cider 
and a barrel of wine. On the estate all the clothing was woven 
by hand ; the leather made by his own tanners and the shoes by his 
own shoe makers, etc. The picture just drawn belongs to the 
wealthy class, but these were by no means the majority of 
the people. 

By way of palliating the grevious mistake of a Methodist 
in good standing holding so large an amount of intoxicants. Dr. 
Smith adds: "In the early part of the century stills were on most 
large plantations and the apples and peaches produced in great 
quantities were turned into brandy which was to be drunk 
moderately and thankfully ; sometimes asking a blessing from 
heaven, 'on this good creature now provided.' No one was con- 
sidered genuinely hospitable unless he passes the decanter which 
was found on every sideboard. Everybody drank in those days 
except a few very strict Methodist. 

It was the 20th of December, 1785, that Ralph Banks with 
his father, Thomas Banks, and probably his brothers, arrived in 



151 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Elbert County, Georgia. They came from Granville County, 
North Carolina, and brought with them their slaves, stock, tools 
and other belongings. The fertile region lying between the 
Savannah and Broad rivers offered a desirable location and here, 
twelve miles from Elberton on the Big Cold Water Creek, Ralph 
Banks established himself. His neighbors were a fine class of 
people who came from Virginia and North Carolina, bringing 
with them no small amount of wealth and the culture that 
characterized the older colonies. Among these were the Alstons, 
Taits, Merriwethers, Olivers, Watkins and others who inter- 
married with the Banks family. At that period the State of 
Georgia had a vast area of unpeopled territory. To induce and 
encourage emigration liead rights of land grants of from two to 
five hundred acres was given to each new comer, and to each 
person who had in any way served in the Revolutionary War. It 
is probable Ralph Banks purchased his Broad river lands, but his 
name is found among those granted head rights in Franklin 
County, whether as a "new comer" or as a soldier of the line 
cannot be ascertained. There is a tradition that he served in the 
army of the Revolution, but it is not proven by the war achives 
of North Carolina, or Washington, though these are acknowledged 
to be very imperfect. Three years after coming to Georgia, Ralph 
Banks was married to Rachel Jones, daughter of Captain James 
Jones, of Wake County, North Carolina. Then began the 
happy, successful life that led to large prosperity. 

Major Marion Banks, youngest son of Ralph Banks, said of 
his father's administrative ability; "That he ruled his home, his 
church and his neighborhood. His manner toward his children 
and servants, was stern to a degree that inspired them with such 
awe that a word was sufficient to control them. He did not need 
to resort to the rod to punish them." 

Only one instance is given of a slave being whipped, and that 
was when one of them, a young boy, was caught in the minister's 
house at lu'ght, probably intent on some petty theft. Major Banks 
said his father used to put silver and gold coins in all sorts of 
places about the house, leaving them for an indefinite time, and 



152 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



these were never disturbed. In this manner he sought to teach 
the servants the commandment, "Thou shall not steal." 

There were no drones in the Ralph Banks hive. Every child 
had duties to perform. When not at school, or otherwise 
employed, the sons took practical lessons in agriculture, and were 
expected to be as laboriously engaged as the slaves, and subject to 
the same authority — the negro foreman. No slighting of work, 
no dereliction in duty was allowed ; if either fell short of the mark 
of excellency it must be the slave, not the white boy. 

The daughters also had their specified departments of house- 
hold duties, and were expected to meet every requiremnt 
demanded by the position. 

Though possessed of a large landed estate and carrying on 
simultaneously three of four distinct plantations, Ralph Banks 
never employed an overseer or manager, other than the negro 
foremen, who were directly amendable to the master for the 
correct conduct of affairs on the various places. Some of the sons, 
after reaching manhood, were assigned to headship jointly with 
the foreman on the more distant plantations but this was to give 
them practical knowledge of the business rather than to secure any 
advantage by their presence. Ralph Banks was an eminently 
successful man in all he undertook. 

It is told of one Banks, whose idenity cannot be established, 
that returning from the Revolutionary War, in which he had 
risen from a private to a captaincy, he found himself not only 
without money, but also unable to find work. A neighbor wanted 
a ditch cut. Young Banks took the job, and while engaged upon 
it a gentleman passing expressed surprise that so bright a man as 
this Capt. Banks would be so humbly employed. "It is the only 
work I could find," said the captain. "Come to my place and I'll 
give you better," said the gentleman. 

Capt. Banks accepted the proposition offered him, which was 
the cultivation of a certain bit of land. The ground was carefully 
prepared, planted in tobacco and thoroughly cultivated. With his 
own hands the crop was gathered and prepared for market. All 
tobacco in bulk was at that time sold at auction at some of the 



153 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



centers of trade. Thither Capt. Banks took his hogshead, and so 
superior was the quality of his product that the highest price was 
paid for it. With the proceeds of this crop, a body of land and one 
slave were bought, and thus was laid the basis of an enormous 
fortune subsequently acquired. It is not known who this Banks 
was but he possessed the same characteristics, thrift, industry and 
good judgement that led Ralph Banks also to amass a large 
fortune. After providing for his ten older children, all of whom 
were married at the time of his death, in 1823, he left a valuable 
estate to his wife and three children who were minors. His will 
and a summary of the estate are given elsewhere in this book. 

Some writer, speaking of the estate of Ralph Banks, says: 
"Money cannot now buy the luxuries and comforts this princely 
old man enjoyed every day." Another, an old neighbor, alluding 
to his thrift and far-sightedness, said: "Ralph Banks always had 
grain to sell and money to loan." 

In summing up the character of Ralph Banks, as gathered 
from various sources, it is evident that he was a fine specimen of 
the quondam Georgia gentleman, industrious, honorable, judicious, 
upright, successful somewhat autocratic perhaps toward those over 
whom he had or assumed authority, yet genial, hospitable, honored 
and esteemed ; a man among men who made his mark on his 
community in his da_\ , and who has transmitted to his posterity a 
large measure of those characteristics that make the good citizen, 
the good neighbor, the good friend, and the good father. 



154 



BANKS OF ELBKRT 



RACHEL JONES BANKS 

B}' GEORGIA BUTT YOUNG 

After Ralph Banks had made him a home in Georgia he went 
back to the Old North State to get him a wife. Possibly she was 
waiting for him, for he had been three years away, having gone to 
Georgia in 1785, and now on Thursday, November 27, 1788, he 
was married to Rachel, the handsome daughter of Capt. James 
Jones. She was nineteen and he a good eleven years older. 
Doubtless tlie excellent judgment he always showed in business 
affairs was also brought to bear on this, the most important step 
of a man's life, for she proved a help-meet indeed, and was in 
every sense fitted for the duties and responsibilities that devolved 
upon her. In many respects the husband and wife were alike ; 
both were industrous and thrifty, both were firm and resolute, but 
the firmness of the man was tempered by justice, that of the 
woman by tenderness. Hers was a sympathetic nature, and her 
heart and hand were ever open to the cry of the needy and "Him 
tliat had no helper." The hospitable door stood open wide to the 
wayfarer, and the guest of high or low degree was made welcome 
to a bountiful board and a spotless bed. Long after she and her 
husband were dust and ashes her generous entertainment of the 
chance traveler who could find no place to spend the night was 
gratefully remembered. 

That home was one of spotless cleanliness. The ten sons, 
with their sometimes muddy boots, were not allowed to trespass 
upon the newly scrubbed and polished floors, and if the diningroom 
had been made specially fine for an expected guest the boys must 
needs take their meals in the kitchen. But here also neatness and 
order reigned. The floors were freshly scoured every few days; 
the "sixteen dollar's worth" (the amount given in the inventory) 
of pewter shown like burnished silver, and the "forty-six dollar's 
worth of Castings" (inventory) were pure as soap and water 
could make them. 

Rachel Banks had need to be industrious, for in less than 
eighteen years after her marriage there were twelve children to be 
cared for. "A stitch in time" was one of her mottoes, and her 



155 



BANKS OF ELBFRT 



sons said she was ahvays examining their buttons to find a loose 
one, which, when found, with quick thread and needle was speadily 
anchored. "Whatsoever your hands find to do, do it with all your 
might," she would quote and then demonstrate her doctrine by her 
practice. "My mother always ran from house to kitchen and from 
kitchen to house" said one of her sons. Her duties as mother and 
mistress of so large a family were manifold. At that time there 
was no ready-made clothing, no sewing machines, no labor-saving 
appliances, not even a cotton factory in all that region to lighten 
the burden of domestic life. 

Dr. Smith, in his "Georgia and Georgia people," gives this 
graphic picture of the house-wife of that day. 

"They had culture, but it had not come from books; they had 
the simple genial manners learned from their old Virginia mothers. 
They knew all kinds of domestic work ; they could weave and 
knit, and, if need by, cook and wash ; but they had too much to do 
to attend to these homely duties themselves. They saw to the 
welfare of the negroes, especially the ailing women and little 
children. They knew the virtues of boneset, catnip, and sage ; 
they could dress a blister or make a poultice, or bind a bandage 
with the skill of a physician. These matrons led busy lives ; to see 
after the kitchen and flower garden, to the making of clothing 
for children and negroes, to go to week-day meetings and to get 
ready for camp-meetings, to spread a generous table every day, 
especially when Brother Pierce, or Brother Mercer, or Dr. Cun- 
ningham came — kept them constantly busy." 

Dr. Smith concludes his picture with this quiet bit of humor. 

"They ruled their households with a kindly rule, and the old 
squires bowed submissively to their mandates." 

The women of today, the twentieth century, cannot fully 
appreciate the exactions of domestic life a hundred years ago. The 
duties of the houshold did not end with the close of day, but were 
resumed by candle light. There was no cotton gin to tear the 
fleecy staple from its fast mooring to the seed, this had to be done 
by careful, painstaking human fingers, and was a work assigned 
to the women, white and colored, of the family. 



156 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



If there was no cotton seeding to be done there was always 
sewing and knitting for the children and for the slaves that kept 
the women busy till nine o'clock, the accepted bed-time. In the 
present-day sense there were no amusements for these plain, 
practical Georgia folk ; no operas, no theaters, no receptions, no 
luncheons, no clubs. The wildest dissipation was a state dinner at 
a neighbor's house, when the board groaned with rich viands — tlie 
guests groaning afterwards, doubtless — and dusky butlers and 
damsels darted about with trays piled high with fresh relays; or 
some unpretentious evening gathering of the young people, where 
rollicking games or simple country dances formed the staple of 
entertainment. 

Rachel Jones came of fine old colonial stock, her ancestors on 
both sides and for generations being people of prominence and 
wealth. She was the daughter of Capt. James Jones and Chanty 
Alston Jones. Capt. James Jones was a member of the Provincial 
Congress of North Carolina in 1776, made Captain of Third 
Company, First Regiment Light Horse Cavalry of North 
Carolina April 22, 1776, and in 1777 served in the State Senate. 
He was the son of Shugan Jones, son of Edmund and Abigail 
Shugan, who Dr. Groves quotes as being "the first white woman 
to cross the Shocco river, and how well qualified to act her part 
is clearly manifested in the character and record of her numerous 
descendants. 

The mother of Rachel Banks was Charity Alston (born 
January 19, 1743), daughter of Solomon Alston and Ann Hinton. 
Solomon Alston was the son of John Alston and Mary Clark, and 
this John Alston was son of John Alston, who married Dorothy 
Temple, daughter of Sir Thomas Temple, whose ancestry is 
traced back to Eth.elfreida. a daughter of Alfred the Great, and so 
through the Saxon kings of England to Harderic, 90 B. C. Both 
Solomon Alston, the grandfather and John Alston, the great 
grandfather of Rachel Banks, served in various civil and military 
capacities during the colonial period, as may be seen in Wheelers 
"History of North Carolina" and the "Colonial History" of North 
Carolina. Ann Hinton, wife of Solomon Alston and grandmother 



157 



BANKS OF ELBFRT 



of Rachel Banks, was the daughter of Col. John Hinton, a man of 
prominence and widely spread colony. Previous to 1730 he settled 
on the Neuse river, five miles from Raleigh. He was a member of 
the Provisional Congress at Hillsboro in 1775. In 1771 he com- 
manded a detachment from Wake county under Gov. Tryon. In 
1773 he was made Colonel of Militia for Wake County, and in 
1775 Colonel of the North Carolina militia. The same year he 
was on the Committee of Safety for Hillsboro; in 1776 was mem- 
ber of the Provincial Congress. He died in 1784. 

This long line of ancestry, combining Alston, Hinton and 
Jones, had never a more worthy descendant than Racheal Jones 
Banks. Her sense of justice and right, her womanly modesty and 
innate refinement, her large hearted generosity, her continued 
thoughtfulness for the poor and destitute, her tender sympathy 
for the sad and lowly raised her high in the esteem of all who 
knew her. In the quiet old cemetery at Tuscaloosa, Ala., in which 
town she spent the last twenty or more of her four score years, is a 
simple box tomb, on the slab of which is inscribed: "Rachel Jones 
Banks, born in Wake County, North Carolina, May 6th, 1769; 
died in Tuscaloosa, Ala., July 11th, 1851. May her children 
and friends follow her example." 



JAMES JONES BANKS 

By BISHOP C. p. FITZGERALD 

He was a notable man. He was notable for the strong 
points in his personality, not for titles and honors sought. He 
was a strong man in every part and not anywhere out of pro- 
portion. He belonged to that class of citizens who are the bone 
and sinew of the state. His name was registered on the roll of 
Christian men who made the working force of the militant church. 
His character answered to the inspired description of the man 
whose name is written on the book of remembrance in which is to 
be found the names of those who meet where the people of the 
Lord assemble who always speak for him when testimony is 
in order. 



158 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



He was one of the men who could always be counted on as 
on the Lord's side whenever and wherever there was a conflict 
between the opposing forces of good and evil. His benignity was 
as sweet as autumnal or spring sunshine. The steadiness of his 
character was as the solid masonry of a fortress, wisely planned 
and builded well. 

His beneficence was as noiseless as the dew and as steady as 
the flow of a spring among the hills. He was a Bible Christian 
and belonged to the Methodist branch of the church of God. The 
Banks family to which he belonged has in no part of its history 
been lacking in the force and persistence that are the chief factors 
in the lives of the successful man. The Banks have written their 
names in the topography, professional life and military records of 
successive generations. 

The Methodist theology engrafted on the sturdy orthodoxy 
of a sterner creed suited him. He was converted when he was 
eight years old. His whole life was formed on Christian principles 
and his character moulded by Christian influences. In his 
measure he was a boy Christian at this early period of his life. 
His spirit was graciously irenic. Toward other evangelical 
Christian bodies he was uniformly and warmly fraternal and 
neighborly. On the Lord's day when there was no service in his 
own church he would be found in his seat in a sister church where 
worship was held. The great things wherein all evangelical 
denominations agree were precious to his faith ; the little things 
wherein they differ were of small concern unto him. 

For all legitimate denominational service he could be 
depended on to the extent of his ability ; for any expression, or 
exhibition of bigotry in any form, he had no sympathy and gave 
no place. 

In his family he was a patriarch who ruled in righteousness and 
affection. To his wife and children, and children's children his 
affection was a joy. To his colored servants, under the old regime 
he was just, and he won their respect and confidence as a Christian 
and master. He was the Christian head of a family. He was a 
Christian master. He was a Christian neighbor. He was a 



159 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Christian citizen. This is not saying too much of this man of 
God, of fruitful life and precious memory. 

From his Alabama home at a ripe old age he went up to the 
home prepared for the faithful in the City of God. 
N<'ish\i]le, Tennessee. 



RICHARD BANKS, M. D. 

Born October 23, 1794; Died May 6, 1856 

The following sketch of Dr. Banks was published in the 
Atlanta Medical Surgical Journal of July, 1885. After a pre- 
liminary account of the family from which he came the 
writer, says: 

"One of these ten brothers, Richard Banks, the subject of this 
sketch was born at the paternal homestead in Elbert County, 
Georgia, in 1794. 

After such preliminary training as the schools in the vicinity 
afforded he was transferred to Athens, the seat of the State 
University and there persued his classical studies in the class with 
which graduated Hon. Joseph Henry Lumpkin of the Supreme 
Court, of Georgia. 

"Having selected medicine as a profession he studied it 
(hhgently and successfully, under private instruction. 

"He then matriculated in the University of Pennsylvania, 
and after a pupilage of two years he graduated M. D. in 1820. 
After another year's residence in the hospital he returned to 
Georgia and established himself in practice at the village of 
Ruckersville in his native county. 

"With his fine opportunity, his thorough preparation, his 
sturdy intellect, his talent for original observation, his cool courage 
m adopting and executing the conclusions of his judment, mingled 
astonishment and regret are excited at his not having chosen a 
wider theatre for the growth and display of his extraordinary 
powers. 



160 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



"His innate modesty, his scorn of all the little arts of the 
charlatan sometimes employed to attract notice, his aversion to 
every appearance of a desire to court notoriety doubtless influenced 
his determination. 

"In the obscure village, remote from any large town as an 
humble country doctor, he achieved an enviable distinction worthy 
of lasting commemoration. 

"As a practioner of medicine his fame spread rapidly and 
widely. All over the upper part of Gerogia and South Carolina 
his counsel was sougb.t by physicians, and the city and the country 
is still filled with the traditions of his skill and beneficence. 

"Unhappily nothing but tradition remains of his intutive 
perceptions of the exact essence of disease, and of his wondrous 
powers to stay its progress. 

"Medical journals in the South were then unknown, and the 
busy doctor had little time and less inclination to make a 
permanent record of his experience. As an operative surgeon he 
early gained in the South the highest rank, and stood for many 
years without an equal. 

"Fresh from the lessons of the adroit surgeons, who then 
controlled the hospitals of Philadelphia, reliant on his own common 
sense and personal tact, he felt competent to perform any needed 
operation, and taking the whole of surgery for his province, he 
shrank not from even the most difficult. Dr. Banks made no 
notes of his cases and never, it is believed published an account of 
any of them. They were of vast numbers, and of every possible 
variety. No one within an hundred miles of his residence thought 
of applying to anyone else if his assistance was possible. The loss 
of so vast a volume of experience is a public calamity. 

"A single case related by a non-professional eye-witness 
follows in his own words: "It was a child three or four years old; 
the upper lip and roof of his mouth were cleft open so far back 
there was no bridge to the nose, and you could see far down its 
throat. It was hideous to look at. In those days anesthetics were 
not used. Dr. Spaulding and some one else held the child during 
the operation. I was as much impressed at the time with the 



161 



BAXKS OF ELBFRT 



heroism of the child's mother as she held it on her lap as I was bj'. 
the doctor's coolness and steadiness of hand. I recollect the inner: 
edges of the opening were scarified; the bones of the upper jaw, 
were divided with an instrument like pair of scissors; the parts > 
were forced together by a strong ligature. The point of the nose 
projected considerably ; this was scarified and turned down to form 
a bridge for the nose and held down either with thread or ad- 
hesive strips. I saw the child some weeks after when it was 
brought for the doctor to see it. The mouth was almost natural, 
locked like the child had only had a fall and the wound had healed. 
The bridge did not adhere at first at the bottom; again it was 
scarified and held by stitches. When I last saw it, it was a good 
looking child, wholly unlike the unfortunate that had been 
operated on. 

"Dr. Spalding wrote a history of the case for publication, 
but Dr. Banks would not consent to it, laughingly saying he could 
not bear to see himself in print, specially in the florid style Dr. 
Spalding had employed. 

"Dr. Ba;:ks had a horror of notoriety, and seldom spoke, even 
to the nearest friends, of the extent and success of his business. It 
IS known, however, that every surgical disease brought to his 
notice elicited his prompt attention, and when the instruments in 
use or accessable were inadequate he possessed inventive skill 
enough to devise and have made others better suited to his purpose. 

"One of his earlier triumphs was the successful removal of 
the parotid gland at a time when the most eminent surgeons of this 
and other countries were hotly contending the possibility. The 
details of this operation are all lost except he dislocated the inferior 
maxilary articulation to facilitate it. 

"The operations that gave him greatest celebrity from their 
frequency and success were those for cataracts and stone in the 
bladder, p^r main years he was the only surgeon in a large 
extent of country who attempted either, and patients from great 
distances sought him. How many operations for cataract he per- 
formed is not known, nor the per cent of recovery, the number of 
both seems large, but cannot be verified, but it is certain he was 
generally successful. 



162 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



"He once stated to a friend he had performed lithotomy sixty 
four times. How many were subsequntly added cannot be 
Ascertained. 

"Dr. Banks' manner of making both these capital operations 
was different from methods now experienced. He never removed 
a cataract by extraction, but always by couching or absorption. 
These he thought better, inasmuch as in case of failure the 
operation could be repeated ; whereas a failure in extraction 
resulted in permanent loss of vision, this was before the discovery 
of anaesthesia. 

"Lithotomy he always performed with the gorget. Newer 
instruments now used by the most skillful surgeons give no better 
results then were secured by Dr. Banks' adroit hands. 

"In reviewing Dr. Banks' professional career with the 
unfavorable surroundings of a country doctor we are filled with 
admiration at his magnificant success, and share the regrets of a 
personal friend that his characteristic modesty prevented his 
removal to some large city where his skill and learning would 
have made for him a world-wide reputation; but like his near 
neighbor, Dr. Crawford Long, he did not seem to comprehend the 
great importance of what he did for mankind. 

"In 1832, Dr. Banks moved to Gainesville, in Hall County, 
where most of his professional triumphs were achieved, and where 
he resided till his death in 1856. 

"The Cherokee Indians lived in the territory near by. At 
one time small-pox prevailed among them. Dr. Banks was 
commissioned by the Federal Government to convey them the 
knowledge of vaccination. 

"This duty he faithfully performed, and gave them also the 
benefit of his surgical skill. He greatly enjoyed the wonder of 
these simple people at the restoration to sight of many that had 
been blind for years. The "Great Medicine Man" they thought 
possessed of superhuman power and superhuman benefice. In 
1830, at the age of thirty-six, Dr. Banks married the widow of 
George A. Dawson, a nephew of Senator Dawson. As Miss 
Martha Butt she was the most admired belle of Warren county. 



163 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



She was only in her twenty-first year at the time of her second 
marriage. Twenty-five years of married life, and the like period 
in widowhood she spent in Gainesville. She was perhaps the best 
known and the most highly esteemed woman in upper Georgia. 
Her remains are fitly buried by the side of her husband in the 
Methodist church yard, the church of their choice and of their 
affections. 

"Dr. Banks acquired and enjoyed an ample fortune. His 
prudence, judgment and good sense were as remarkable in the 
conduct of his pecuniary as in his professional business, enabling 
him to leave to his family a fine estate. 

"In honor of his memory the General Assembly of the State 
of Georgia gave to a subdivision of her territory the name of 
"Banks" county. 

"As an incident of general interest it may be added that the 

first and most beautiful of the diamonds of Georgia, was from a 

gold mine owned by Dr. Banks. It was sent to both London and 

Pans to be valued and was pronounced a gem of the first water 

and valued at $350. It is now owned bv Mrs. Sue Becker, the 

j-oungest child of Dr. Banks, who in her girlhood was called the 

Diamond ot Hall' county.* She still wears the gem, and retains 

enough of Its sparkling qualities to show the appropriateness of the 

soubriquet, though she has generously shared Avith her beautiful 

daughters much of its brilliancv." 



No sketch of Dr. Banks however admirable, would be 
complete without an allusion to his religious life. One writing of 
him says. "'Dr. Banks was truly a great man. Dr. Willis West- 
moreland who took the highest rank as a surgeon said: "when a | 
young man, before the days of railroads, he rode horseback a '' 
huiidred miles to sit at the feet of Dr. Banks, like Paul at the feet 
of Gamaliel, to receive knowledge." Dr. Banks, Dr. West- 
moreland thought, was a half century, or more in advance of his 
profession, and though a master surgeon who could cu. the flesh 
oi^w the bone unmoved by the flow of blood, or complaint of 

'This diamond is now in the possession of Mrs. Rafe Banks of Gainesville. Ga. 



164 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



sufferer, yet, so mixed was his emotional nature, that no appeal of 
the sad and sorrowing ever went unheeded. He felt the deepest 
sympathy for an erring fellow mortal, and when circumstances 
demanded as a class leader, that he report the waywardness of a 
member he was ever careful to put the case in its most favorable 
light, speaking most of the good and condoning the evil as far as 
possible. He was a devout and humble christian, and in times 
when special services were held in his church he never allowed 
business to come between him and his duty, and would always be 
found talking, or praying with penitents, and striving to lead them 
I to accept Christ. To be about his Master's business was more to 
him then any earthly thing. His broad acres and spacious home, 
with all its elegant appointments, his wide-extended reputation, 
the honor and esteem in which he was held did not lift him above 
his lowest neighbor; to these he was father, brother, friend. The 
state of Georgia honored itself in naming a county in his honor." 



JOHN BANKS 
of Columbus, Ga. 

John Banks, son of Ralph and Rachel Jones Banks, was born 
in Elbert County, Ga., Octoebr 27, 1797. His parents moved 
from North Carolina to Georgia about the year 1785, and settled 
twelve miles north of Elberton, on "Cold Water Creek," where 
Ralph Banks died in October, 1823, at the age of sixty-six years, 
having been from early life a member of the Methodist church. 

John was the seventh child, being one of fourteen children 
born to the parents, and all of them but one grew up to maturity. 
In his school days he came under he teachings of James McDowell 
and others, and later he had for preceptor Alexander Speer, and 
under him he read law, and was admitted to the bar, and begun 
the practice of law in Ruckersville, Ga. 

The Indians in February, 1818, had become hostile, and some 
of them committed numerous murders and depredations upon the 
whites. A few of the young men of martial spirit, including John 
Banks, volunteered to raise the quota of men called for from 
Elbert county, it being two companies of infanry. John Ashley 



165 




John Banks 

1797—1870 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



was made captain of one company and Capt. Mann of the other, 
and in the latter company John Banks was made first lieutenant. 
Soon the forces convened at Elberton and moved southward by 
various marches, encountering many thrilling experiences, 
skirmishes and hardships till St. Marks, Fla., was reached. After 
leaving here an important skirmish, made with small loss to the 
► whites, resulted in considerable to the indians and the capture of 
numerous prisoners, among them a white woman and child that 
had been in captivity over a year. Finally the close of the 
campaign brought the surviving heroes to their homes in Elbert 
County again. 

In 1821 he embarked in the mercantile business and became 
interested later in several commercial enterprises, with varying 
success. February 14, 1828, he married Sarah Watkins, of Elbert 
county, a woman eminently worthy of the homage he ever so 
chivalrously rendered her. Soon after he located in Lexington, 
Ga., and lived there occupied mainly in commercial pursuits, till 
1836. During this year, having sold out his interests in Lexingtonj- 
he moved to Columbus, Ga., and settled in Wynnton, a suburb of 
this young and thriving city. Here, in that day, were large 
opportunities for a man such as he, with quick business eye, broad 
mind and keen judgment, to make investments that the future 
would greatly enhance in value, and these he used largely and with 
great advantage. 

The result was a rapid accumulation of means, ample to meet 
the needs of his family of twelve children and supply his large 
household with abundant comforts and such luxuries as were 
obtainable in those times. 

Educational advantages he highly appreciated, and with 
Chambers, Leonard, Flewellen, Wynn and others a movement was 
perfected setting apart about four acres of land for use as an 
academy for girls and not far from this location about six were 
provided to be held in perpetuity by trustees for an academy for 
boys. The lots selected were beautiful sites for the purpose in 
view, and attest the wisdom of these early settlers of Wynnton 
to this day. 



167 




Sarah Watkins Banks 
1803—1884 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Col. Banks further signified his estimate in this respect by 
giving all his children the best advantages to be obtained by a 
collegiate course, except in the case of tv^^o, perhaps, w^ho for some 
reason or other did not go through college. 

The vs^ar, beginning in 1861, was greatly against his judg- 
ment, but when entered upon, he gave generously for its support 
in sons and substance. Ihe close of the war, attended with such 
prostration all over the South, brought him much loss of property 
in slaves and other depreciated values. 

Paralysis impaired his physical and mental powers, leaving his 
last years, in a measure, under a cloud. September 17, 18/U, the 
end of his useful life came, and he peacefully passed away. 

Few men perhaps, were more tender than he in the home 
circle, and as a neighbor he was ever kind and friendly. In dealmg 
with fellowmen his honesty was apparent, even in the least 
transaction. 

His religious convictions were strong and controlling, and 
his love for his church — the Methodist — was great, prompting 
ever an earnest liberality for promoting its enterprises and securing 
its advancement. 

How imperfect is the conveyance by this recital of an 
adequate conception of the impressive personality, the grandeur 
of character, and robust, noble manhood, of the subject of this 
memoir, but he has gone. The savor of a good man's lite, however, 
lingers long upon the earth, to bless the world and help humanity, 
even after he has joined the innumerable company, passed over 
to the intinite beyond. — G. J. Peacock. 

To the above admirable portraiture, may be added the words 
of William H. Chambers, at the time of Col. Banks' death. 

"He was blest with a long life, crowned with large success 
and great domestic happiness, unbroken till in the cause of his 
country he gave up those noble sons, who were brought back to 
him one by one from the battlefield. Then the father's heart gave 
way, and the strength of the strong man was broken. He could 
only bow his head in bitter grief and mourn for his loved 
and lost." 



169 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Another writer, P. W. Alexander, enumerates some of the 
business enterprises that occupied the life of Col. Banks. "He 
was in early life engaged in the grocery business in Augusta. 
Georgia, in the firm of Banks & Baird, he was one of the 
managers of the Planter's and Mechanic's Bank, of Columbus. 
Ga.. much of his life was devoted to banking ; he was owner, with 
John E. Dawson of the Howard Cotton Mill, and carried on an 
extensive plantation. Not less than $50,000 of his wealth was 
given unostentatiously to charitable purposes." 

The home life of John and Sarah Watkins Banks was 
singularly beautiful and happy. He was the lover-husband to his 
latest hour. His wife could do no wrong, and to him her beauty 
Avas fadeless. He thought "Sally's black eyes" brighter than 
Golconda's rarest jeAvels. It was his pride and delight to surround 
her with every comfort and luxury a well filled purse could 
supply. To this end his elegant home in Wynnton, built about 
1836, and still standing in pristine strength and stateliness. was 
fitted up with everything that could contribute to the welfare and 
pleasure of his large family. As has been said by another never 
was woman more worthy of the homage of a loyal heart. She had 
been a beauty and belle in her girlhood, but admiration and the 
world's applause never robbed her sweet modesty of its bloom; she 
was gentleness and goodness personified. Between the children 
and their parents there was the finest comaraderie. It can be 
said without fear of contradiction, the most intimate visitor failed 
to detect a note of discord in this happy household. For thirty-six 
years there was in this family only joy and sunshine, flecked some- 
times perhaps, by the shadow of a silver lined cloud, but at last the 
storm broke, and relentlessly tore from the earthly moorings one 
and another and anotiier. 

In the beautiful "City of the Dead' in Columbus, Ga., there 
rises from a broad square, a tall monument of Italian marble from 
the heights of which an Angel of IVIercy gazes pityingly down 
upon the white slabs that mark the resting places of John and 
Sarah Watkins Banks, and their nine sons and one daughter. 
— Georgia B. Young. 



170 




DuNSTAN Banks 
1800—1881 



BANKS OF ELBFRT 



DUNSTON BANKS 

BY LUCILE WEBB BANKS 

My grandfather, Dunston Banks, was noted for his devotion 
and indulgence to his wife and daughters. He was, of course, 
devoted to my father, the only son. His home was exquisite in its 
elegant furnishings all of which I remember. On the parlor floor 
was a dark red velvet carpet bordered with roses and in the center 
was a matching floral design. The lace and satin draperies hung 
from heavy gilt cornices and were caught back with heavy cords 
which held gilt grapes and leaves. The heavy damask curtains 
were crimson and old gold brocade lined with canary silk. 
Between windows was a tall pier glass with heavy gilt frame and 
over the high old-fashioned wood mantel was another gilt framed 
mirror. The furniture was lovely rosewood upholstered in 
crimson satin damask. I remember on the parlor table stood the 
most beautiful silver epergne. It was like a small silver tree 
holding in its outstretched branches shallow cut glass bowls. My 
father told me his father at one time sent $3000 to New Orleans 
to be melted, the silver used in fashioning the "family silver." 

I well remember that on the sideboard stretched eighteen 
solid silver (delicately fashioned handhammered) goblets. In 
front of this array was a very beautiful Bohemian punch bowl. 
Papa said his mother had eighteen silver napkin rings, eighteen 
silver salt cellars, Sheffield trays and silver service, besides silver 
candle sticks and Sheffield covered dishes. The beautiful old 
china had a wide sage green border with a center decoration of a 
cluster of mixed garden flowers. The dining room furniture was 
mahogany. In my childhood I had in my room a gorgeous old set 
of mahogany with the four poster bed, big wardrobe and heavy 
marble top dresser. After we left Columbus, Miss., the house, 
unoccupied, caught fire and the old set burned because firemen 
could not unlock the bolted bed and the wardrobe was too big to 
get through the door. In the fire we lost many lovely heirlooms. 

Dunston Banks was considered a wealthy man and a large 
landowner. He was deeply religious and my father said, 



172 



* 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



charitable and just in all his dealings. He looked well to the 
health and comfort of a large number of slaves and house servants. 

My grandmother was famous as a housekeeper. Older 
citizens of Columbus told me that she gave elegant dinners and 
entertained lavishly until her health failed. Grandmother was 
most charitable and during the war gave generously of her time 
and means to nursing sick soldiers and the poor of Columbus. In 
her home life she was tlie personification of the perfect wife and 
mother. My father adored his mother. 

Of my parents homelife it too was ideal. I never heard either 
my father or mother say a harsh word to each other. My father, 
like his father, was devoted to his family and denied his children 
nothing within his power to give them. My mother was educated 
at the old Nashville Female Institute, one of the fashionable girls 
schools of the south before the war. She was one of the most 
cultured women I ever knew. She was considered as beautiful in 
person as in character. 

Our home — well just "free hearted hospitality" was always 
the order of the day. For eight years we lived in Jackson, Miss., 
and throughout that time our home from one year's end to the 
other was thronged with young people. During sessions of the 
legislature we children had the joy of meeting many of the state's 
most outstanding men, a number of whom knew and loved my 
father which meant my lovely mother had her hands full as the 
wives of father's friends were her friends too. 

Memphis, Tenn., 1937. 



HENRY AND LEMUEL BANKS 

These two brothers were minors at the time of their father's 
death in 1823, Henry being nineteen years old and Lem seventeen. 
To them was devised the Beaver-dam plantation on the Savannah 
river, with all its farming implements, stock of all kinds and some 
twenty-eight slaves. Never were brothers more devoted or more 
congenial. For many years they continued partners in the Beaver- 
dam property ,and then Lem felt it best to follow his father-in- 
law, Gen'l James Tait, to Mississippi, which at that time was the 



173 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



"wild and wooly west." The brothers could not long be separated 
and in 1839 Henry, led by his own inclination as well as his 
brother's importunities, resolved also to go west. His elegant 
home in Lexington, Ga., was sold to Gov. George R. Gilmer and 
his river plantation was also disposed of. Then he took up the 
long journey to join his brother Lem, Avho had already purchased 
a house and lands for him. The distance from Oglethorpe county 
Ga., to De Soto county, Mississippi was only some five hundred 
miles, but it took an entire month to complete the journey. One 
who witnessed the picturesque scene as the caravan wended its way 
Westward says, 'It was an imposing and interesting spectacle. 
First came 'my lady' with three young children and maid in the 
family carriage; which was followed by numbers of 'white topped' 
canvass covered wagons bearing the negro women and children, 
and the furniture and household stuff. After these came the men 
and boys driving the herd of cattle and droves of hogs. The 
slaves were all comfortably clad and well shod, and made a happy- 
go-lucky crew careless of tomorrow and satisfied with today. 
Riding on horseback and overlooking his possessions was the 
hu.band, father and master, Henry Banks. His watchful eye was 
over all, providing for their comfort, seeing that neither human 
or brute should suffer want or discomfort in the long journey. 
Wherever night found them there they camped usually near a 
stream of water or a pioneer's cabin where the wife and children 
might lodge. The ruddy glow of the camp-fire against the 
blackness of night, the moving figures of those feeding the tired 
anirrals, the sizzling of frying bacon, the bubbling and boiling of 
big coffee pots sending out rich aroma on the sweet night air, 
the lusty pones of corn hoecakes, these and many 
others details have been remembered for nearly seventy years, by 
one who Avas of the travellers in that memorable journey. It has 
been said that Henry and Lem Banks, never differed except on 
one point. 

Henry was an intense Democrat, while Lem belonged to the 
Whigs, that conservative party to which most of his family and 
their connection adhered. Henry took great delight in political 



174 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



matters, and threw himself ardently into every campaign. Never 
seeking office himself, feeling he had a kingdom of his own in his 
family and slaves, he helped his friends most effectively in their 
aspirations. He was much in demand as a stump-speaker and the 
services he so freely rendered were highly valued. In the heated 
campaign of '44 when the "Great Harry of the West" was pitted 
against James K. Polk, a Democratic mass meeting was held in 
Hernando, Mississippi. Jefferson Davis and other prominent men 
of the Democratic party were the speakers of the occasion. At the 
conclusion of their speeches there was a call for "Banks, Banks" 
from every side. Mr. Banks hestitated to take the stand after such 
a brilliant array of talent till his admirers bore him to the plat- 
form. Their enthusiasm gave him confidence and he made a 
masterly speech which was pronouncced by competent judges the 
finest delivered that day. Had he chosen to devote himself to a 
political life he could have had any office in the power of his 
fellow citizens to confer. He had all the necessary elements of a 
politician in his make up, genial, whole souled, jovial, full of 
humor, clear headed and a leader of men. "He counted his friends 
by the number of his acquaintances." 

When he had completed his commodious and elegant house 
near Hernando he proposed a "warming." He requested his 
wife to have a feast prepared for the entertainment of his friends. 

When the appointed day came, much to the disgust of the 
lady of the house and her servants, who heartily scorned "poor 
white trash" these came trooping in from all parts of the country 
and were the only guests of the occasion. 

Hearts that were not used to gladness were made happy by 
this distinction, while none enjoyed the day more than the kindly 
host, whose benevolence to his fellowman knew no limit. Though 
Henry and Lem Banks differed on political matters they were a 
unit when it came to those weightier things that pertain to the 
salvation of the soul and the uplifting of humanity. They not 
only professed religion, but practiced its ennobling principles in 
their daily lives. Like the patriarchs of old the family altar had 
an abiding place in their homes, and the incense of prayer and 



175 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



praise went up morning and evening, from parents and children 
and servants. The wealth that was poured into the laps of these 
godly men tliey recognized as the Lord's gift, and gladly they gave 
back to Him of His own, contributing liberally to every demand 
of the church and of humanity. 

The call came to Henry Banks in mid-life and was a sudden 
one, but he was prepared to meet it, calmly he spoke the parting 
words. Commending his wife and children to the care of his 
brother-in-law and adding, almost with his latest breath, "see that 
my servants are always made comfortable." 

A few years later his beloved brother, Lem Banks, the 
companion of his boyhood and of his manhood, followed him 
to the Land of Rest. — G. B. Y. 



MARION BANKS (Bachelor) 
By Frank S. Moody 

On the Huntsville road half a mile east of the city of 
Tuscaloosa, and adjoining the lands of the University of Alabama, 
was situated the homestead of Marion Banks. The premises 
contained five or six acres. The residence, which was a small one- 
story house, and built of brick in front and in the rear of wood, 
stood about one hundred yards from the road. Twenty or thirty 
steps in front of the house was a paling fence, and in front of the 
fence was a lawn which extended to the road. Two rows of 
cedars lined the walk which led from the fence to the house. The 
building was doubtless erected by Marion Banks between 1824 
and 1830, and was owned and occupied by him for more than 
fifty years. During this occupancy the cedars and the absence of 
children and all merriment gave the house a rather sombre aspect. 

Marion Banks was born in Georgia in 1813. Of his early 
life we know but little. For a year or two he attended the 
University of Georgia. When the University of Alabama was 
opened in 1831 he attended that institution, and he was there 
graduated in 1833, being one of its first graduates. When a 
young man he must have been a fine specimen of physical 



176 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



nanhood. He was six feet and two or three inches tall, broad- 
houldered, well proportioned and as straight as an Indian. We 
:aii imagine that when he was twenty years of age he was just 
;uch a man as a football team of the present day would select for 
:heir "center rush." He was a director of the State Bank at 
Tuscaloosa in 1841. During that year he was elected a member 
:)f the General Assembly of Alabama, and he was re-elected in 
1843. In 1851 he was again elected to that body. He was a 
trustee of the University of Alabama from 1870 to 1884, when 
he resigned. In the early history of the State, when there were e:o 
many conflicts with Indians and so much talk of war, the militia 
of the State was an important body. Mr. Banks was a member of 
this branch of the public service, and rose to the rank of Major. 

"Uncle Marion," as I always called him, was one of the 
most innocent men that I ever knew. This innocence, however, 
did not grow out of a lack of force. He had opinions and 
preferences, and of both he was tenacious. But he had not any 
desire to do harm or injustice to anybody. The positions which he 
held show that he was a useful man and had fine capacity. But 
he did not lead a strenuous life. Though possessing some of the 
qualities of leadership, he cared but little for notoriety or fame. 
He had good property for those times, and during his early and 
middle life he desired to see his means increase, but he did not 
worry himself about making money. He liked repose better than 
action. His manners were quiet and dignified. He did not hunt 
up new acquaintances, and he was a little shy in the presence of 
strangers. But in a small company of friends he was free to talk, 
and sometimes almost jolly. He had a sense of humor and a good 
knowledge of human nature. It is said that when a candidate 
for the Legislature he was once addressing a number of his con- 
stituents not noted for their intelligence. "Fellow citizens," he 
said. "I an't got much larnin. But when I knows a thing I knows 
it as good as anvbodv." He was a man of domestic tastes and did 
not seem to care much for travel. He was fond of reading the 
papers, and he kept well up with the politics and movements of 
the times. 



177 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



In some respects he was peculiar, if not remarkable. He 
never married. But this was not caused by a lack of appreciation ,: 
of woman. It grew out of bashfulness and timidity. He admired 
woman from afar. His honest face, intelligent mind and I 
sympathetic heart would have made him an attractive beau. But i 
he seemed to dread the presence of the gentler sex. I have heard 
my father, who was his contemporary, say that if Major Banks n 
was about to meet one or two young ladies on the street he would ! 
immediately cross to the other side in order that he might escape 
the battery of their eyes. On one occasion he ventured to ask the 
latter to take him to call on a young lady who lived at the house 
where my father was boarding. With much apprehension he 
ventured to call on the young lady. Thinking that it would be 
pleasant for several young people to be at the house on the occasion 
when Major Banks and my father were to call, my father asked 
his friend, the owner, and the host of the occasion, to invite several 
young people to the house at that time. When Major Banks and 
my father entered the room the former was surprised at finding 
that others were there. He was so much embarrassed that he 
dropped into a chair not far from the door. There he sat in a sort 
of tremor for half an hour, and said almost nothing. At last he 
concluded that he could stand it not longer, and broke the silence i 
by saying, "Moody, let's go." This dread of ladies' society was 
almost a disease. He seemed to be afraid of his lady relatives, 
even though they were married. I think that he loved my 
mother as much as he loved any lady in town except his sister. 
But he rarely came to my father's house except when my mother 
was away from town. His habits were temperate, and his manner 
of living was regular and systematic. In the morning he would 
go to town in his buggy. He generally drove a mule, and of mules 
he seemed to be a good judge. About noon he returned home. In 
the afternoon he would go to town again and return about sun- 
down. After supper he read the papers and retired at a reasonable 
hour. He was a good liver. But there was never much 
conviviality at his home. He was scrupulously honest and upright. 
It would be hard to find a man who was more so. He was plain 
and sincere, and disliked sham and pretense. When 1 was a boy 



178 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



lere was in Tuscaloosa a large and handsome livery stable which 
rented on Main Street. In the front of this stable men would 
ometimes stop on their way to town and sit and talk and watch 
he horses. Uncle Marion stopped there on one occasion with a 
riend. After a while a certain man came up and joined in the 
onversation — a man whose character Uncle Marion did not 
espect. Presently Uncle Mrion suggested to his friend that they 
nove on, and when they had gone a little distance h-e told his 
riend that he did not care to stay there and pretend to be friendly 
.vith the man whom he did not like. After leading the life above 
described for several decades Uncle Marion was at length caught 
n the meshes of love. Poor old man! He had the disease, and 
ne had it as bad as a boy of sixteen. During the latter part of his 
ife he would sometimes go off in the summer to the springs. On 
Dne of these occasions he met a lady who seemed to fascinate him 
completely. They played ten-pins together, they took walks, and 
they sat on the gallery. How he ever got into conversation with 
her, or ventured to assist her up the steps, or sit by her side, nobody 
knows. But when he came home after one of these trips the new 
state of the Major's heart became known all over Tuscaloosa. He 
could not keep it. What young man could? What old man 
could bear such a transformation in secret? It was interesting to 
hear Uncle Marion describe the many attractions of this wonder- 
ful woman. She was so "sensible," so "discreet," so "prudent," 
and so everything that he admired in woman. It was whispered 
in Tuscaloosa that "Barkis" was probably "wiUin'." Uncle 
Marion's relatives advised him to marry. He loved like a youth. 
But, unlike a youth, he took time to consider. He deliberated over 
the matter for a year or more. To the advice of his friends he gave 
this peculiar and herioc reply: "A man should not make a fool 
of himself twice. I acted a fool once by not marrying when 1 was 
young, and I should not act the fool again by marrying when I am 
old." So he lived and died a bachelor. The benevolence of Uncle 
Marion was one of his chief characteristics. It had much of the 
quality that does not let the left hand know what the "right hand 
doeth." 



179 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



His heart was full of sympathy for the unfortunate. His 
slaves had been the object of his tender care. His indulgence tO' 
them may make it doubtful whether they were a profitable invest- 
ment. He had a plantation fifteen or twenty miles fromi 
Tuscaloosa, comprising some two thousand acres of land. When 
he came to make his will a few years before his death he devised 
to his old faithful house servant a life estate in his house in 
town. To eight or ten of his old slaves who were heads of families 
he gave his entire plantation. It is of interest to note that in his 
will he intrusted to Harvey, who was a full-blooded negro and 
had been his foreman, the duty of dividing the plantation among, 
these families. It seems that Harvey discharged his duty with so 
much equity and fairness that no dispute arose about the matter 
of the division. 

The peacefulness of these old negroes and their respect for the 
white people among whom they lived reflect credit upon the 
teachings of their old master. 

Major Banks died suddenly at his home on January 16, 1886, 
regretted by all the people of Tuscaloosa. 
Tuscaloosa, Ala., March 3, 1906. 



JAMES OLIVER BANKS 

"An honest man's the noblest work of God" was formerly an 
oft-repeated quotation. We hear less of it in these degenerate 
days, when men in high as well as low places are filling their 
coffers with ill-gotten gain, when riches are wrung from the sweat • 
of the poor man's brow, and from the tears of the widow and 
orphan. Yet the good are not all dead, and there are many 
thousand men throughout this broad land who stand unimpeach- 
able, whose escutcheans are untarnished and whose names are 
unsullied. Such an one was James Oliver Banks who passed into 
the Great Beyond November 10, 1904. 

He was one of the two children of Willis and Mary Gray 
Banks that attained maturity. He was reared in Alabama's 
"Druid City," Tuscaloosa, when it was the capital of the state 



180 



^.t',' ^r ^ ,V 







James Oliver Banks 
1829—1904 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



and the seat of culture, refinement and religion. The inherent 
nobilitv of his nature was fostered by the best influences, and he 
came to manhood under the most auspicious circumstances. He 
was graduated from the University with the class of '49, and soon 
after went to Philadelphia and matriculted as a student of 
medicine in Jefferson College. It was not his purpose to practice 
the profession of medicine, but he took his degree that he might be 
fitted to ameliorate the condition of the sick and suffering on his 
plantations, where medical attention was difficult to secure. 

Soon after his return from Philadelphia his father died, 
leaving him a large estate. Most young men of his years — barely 
twenty-three — under the circumstances would have plunged into a 
life of dissipation and reckless extravagance. James Banks showed 
no such tendency. He first found him a good wife — which is 
always a gift "from the Lord" — and then settled down with her 
to make a happy home. 

He purchased a handsome house with extensive grounds, and 
tquipped his establishment with every needed comfort and such 
luxuries as were obtainable. No man was ever more tender and 
laitnful as a husband, or more loving and indulgent as a father. 
In his business life he was the synonym of all that was upright and 
honorable. Though strong in his convictions, he never obtruded 
them upon otiiers, but with characteristic liberality allowed every 
man the right to his own opinions. For more than fifty years he 
led a blameless life before his fellow-townsmen in Columbus, 
Miss., and when he went from their midst they could but say a 
good and true man has gone from us, a Chevalier Bayard, sans 
peur ft sans reproche. 

During the war between the States James O. Banks rendered 
faithful service. He was made Captain of a company that had 
been equipped by his brother-in-law, Gen. Jeptha V. Harris. The 
company tirst went out with Gen. Wither's Alabama brigade, but 
subsequently became Company I of the Forty-third Mississippi 
Regiment, of which, in 1863, he was made Colonel, having risen 
step by step to that rank. 



182 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Col. Banks was in a number of engagements during the war. 
His command was first stationed at Pensacola; after the burning 
of the Navy Yard, by order of the Confederate Government, it 
was ordered to North Mississippi. Then began his active soldier 
life. He took part in the battles of Corinth, Chickasaw Bayou, 
Franklin, that almost bloodiest battle of the war; was in the seige 
of Vicksburg, took part in the engagements around Atlanta, and 
was with his command at Goldsboro, N. C, at the time of Lee's 
surrender. 

In mid-life Col. Banks, with calm deliberation and a 
thorough conviction that he had chosen what was best for him, 
assumed the sacred vows of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 
remaining in its communion to the end and liberally aiding in the 
support of its and many other benevolent institutions. — G. B. Y. 



EDWARD SIMS 

In 1812, Sally, eldest daughter of Ralph and Rachel Banks, 
came to Alabama as the bride of Edward Sims. This stalwart 
Virginian was born in the "mother of states and statesmen," May 
25th, 1783. Subsequently his parents moved to Caswell county, 
N. C, and from thence he went to Elbert county, Georgia. Mr. 
W. C. Smith in his reminiscenses says: "Mr. Sims was a man of 
large frame, robust in health and constantly accustomed to horse- 
back exercise. He knew no fatigue, and would travel day and 
night if ncessary in the prosecution of his business. 

"Mr. Sims was one of the earliest settlers of Tuskaloosa, and 
in 1822 with David Scott opened up a large mercantile business 
in that town. This firm built the brick storehouse afterwards 
known as the "Bee-Hive.' Mr. Sims also embarked extensively 
in land purchases. He built a handsome brick residence near 
Tuskaloosa, which was the pleasant resort of the young and gay 
society of the day. The Methodist Church never had a more 
devoted member, and he made earnest efforts to bring the church 
and its institutions, including its male and female academies, into 
prosperity. He built a brick house and gave it to the Methodist 



183 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Church, for an academy. It was known as the 'Sims Female 
Academy.' He also united with others in building a beautiful 
edifice known as the 'Tuskaloosa Female Academy.' Later he 
aiiain opened his liberal hand in the cause of education and 
energetically pushed to completion, 'The Methodist Female 
.Academy and Boarding School.' Mr. Sims died August 4, 1840, 
at which time he was regarded a man of great M-ealth. 

Of his wife Sally Banks Sims, Judge Moody, her son-in-law, 
says: "She was a woman of rare good sense, judgment, dignity, 
and piety and I owe her a debt of gratitude I can never repay, for 
providing me with a wife so beautiful in character as Jane Sims." 
Of this lovely woman it was said, if she had a fault it was that 
"of erring on the side of mercy, till she lost sight of justice to 
herself" — a woman of "tenderest sympathy for others, and ever 
modest and serene." This daughter, Mrs. Moody, was one of 
several children reared by Edward and Sarah Sims, and to these 
the best social, educational, and religious advantages were 
accorded. 

The parents had the supreme satisfaction of seeing their children 
develop into noble maturity, as the sun-kissed bud unfolds into the 
fragrance and beauty of the perfect flower. 

Edward and Sarah Sims were largely instrumental in 
building tiie first brick Methodist Church in Tuscaloosa, Ala. It 
is still a beautiful and well preserved structure. One of its stained 
glass windows is dedicated to the memory of "Edward Sims and 
his wife Sarah Banks Sims." Under the white lily that forms its 
central ornament is inscribed : "Blessed are the pure in heart." 



LUCY BANKS YONGE 

OF COLUMBUS, GA. 

Lucy Banks Yonge, my grandmother, died in the winter of 
1928. Nine years is a long time but I remember her as if it 
were yesterday. In fact I think time has sharpened the image I 
will always carry in my heart. 



184 




Lucy Banks Yonge 
1842—1928 



BANKS OF ELBERt 



Grandmother was in her seventies when I became old enough 
to distinguish her as an individual. She was eighty-six when she 
died (my junior year in college). Over a period of a decade or 
more she was the most sympathetic and understanding confidant 
that a boy ever had. She never lost her touch with youth. My 
boyhood friends were equally devoted to "Miss Lucy" as they 
affectionately called her. 

She was a small woman. Her iron grey hair was parted 
neatly in the middle. Her eyes blinked with undimmed luster 
from behind gold rimmed glasses. She always wore black dresses 
and often used a light woolen shawl tossed around her shoulders. 

Her life was simple and pleasant. Yet I know grandmother 
enjoyed living. She was up early, often made her own fire in the 
winter months and ate breakfast with the family. After breakfast 
grandmother would read the Bible for at least a half hour before 
starting on the days duties. It was a small brown volume with 
well thumbed pages and book mark of bright red silk. Yet grand- 
mother did not go to church. She was essentially a religious 
person without being concerned with denominations. I know she 
was a Methodist yet that to me is unimportant. If ever a Christian 
lived on this earth she was one. 

After dinner, this was before the day of lunch, grandmother 
had a nap, went for a walk, occasionally went to town, and then 
read her book and the daily newspaper. She never lost interest 
in current events and would discuss political and economic move- 
ments with great understanding and insight. 

But supper was always the favorite meal of the day. There 
was much discussion and laughter. Then she would retire to a ^ 
great rocking chair either in the sitting room or on the front porch J 
depending on the season. Often she would read to me or tell 1, 
amusing and interesting stories of the war between the States when i 
Sherman's raiders were terrifying the countryside. 

Though broadened by travel and wide reading grandmother 
was loyal to the Confederacy and always felt that the South was 
defeated by sheer force of numbers alone. Her father, a 
comparatively wealthy man before 1860, was ruined financially by 



186 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



the war and during those long years from Lee's surrender to the 
turn of the century she endured hardships and deprivation that 
would have embittered forever a less generous person. 

A typical daughter of the old south, she was born in 
Columbus, Georgia, November 9, 1842, the eleventh child of John 
and Sarah A. Watkins Banks, pioneer local citizens. She was 
educated at Patapsco Institute of Baltimore, Maryland, graduating 
in June, 1859, returning home at the outbreak of the war. She 
had nine brothers, three of whom were killed while serving in the 
Confederate Army. 

On March 27, 1872, Sarah Lucy Banks married Edward 
Willis Yonge of Geneva, Alabama. Mr. Yonge served as Captain 
in the Confederate Army and shared the ideals and beliefs of his 
wife. They had a long and happy life. Mr. Yonge preceded 
his wife to the grave by nine years. They had three children, 
John Banks Yonge, Mary Ellis Yonge, and Sarah Watkins 
Yonge. 

Sam J. Slate, Jr. 
1937 



LEMUEL BANKS 

BY WILLIAM STONE FITZGERALD 

In the records of the Banks family and connection, surely the 
character and career of Lem Banks deserve special mention, on at 
least three counts. 

Mr. Banks, in the first place, was for many years one of the 
most prominent figures in the business life of the city of Memphis, 
especially in the cotton industry, and the agricultural interests of 
the Memphis territory in general. On his own plantations, in 
Mississippi ;ind Arkansas, he was a large planter of cotton, and he 
was always a close student of the problems that faced the industry. 
Perhaps no man in the city of Memphis was more frequently asked 
for advice in these matters, and no one's decisions were more 
generally accepted. He repeatedly held office in the agricultural 
organizations connected with the city Chamber of Commerce, and 



187 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



was a trusted adviser in the organization and conduct of the Tri- 
State Fair. Doubtless Mr. Bank's most important contribution 
to the prosperity of the city and its agricultural territory was his ; 
pioneer work on a large scale in the diversification of crops, and 
his constant and effective efforts in spreading the diversification 
gospel. The Banks and Banner farm in Arkansas, a twenty-five 
thousand acre plantation, was for many years the accepted model 
of the diversification program. Mr. Banks business interests 
extended also to other fields, including wholesale groceries, 
banking, and a steamboat line on the Mississippi. 

In the second place, Mr. Banks was extraordinarily interested 
in life, in people, in plain folks. What people thought, said, did — 
and why — Avere matters of perennial interest to him. He had a 
mind that was both philosophical and judicial. He had one of the 
largest and best-selected private libraries in the city, and was a 
broad and yet discriminating reader. His memory was tenacious 
and his mind was encyclopedic. He was an intensely interested 
observer of life, and a most interesting commentator thereon. 

Lastly, and more especially of interest to those for whom 
this Banks record has been prepared, Lem Banks had probably 
a more active and affectionate interest in the Banks clan, 
collectively and individually, than anyone else of the connection. 
He knew more Bankses personally ; he knew their family history ; 
he knew their geographical distribution. He travelled extensively 
throughout the South in order to meet and make friendly 
connection with those of the Banks name or blood. And many 
of these, as well as many a man who had no such personal or 
family claim upon Lem Banks, received generously of his advice, 
his time, his active efforts to advance their interests or comfort, 
and his financial aid. In the city that he loved, in many a family 
circle, in many an individual heart, the death of Lem Banks left 
a vacancy that can never be filled. 

Durham, N. C, 1937 



188 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



EDUCATION IN THE FAMILY 

BY GEORGIA BUTT YOUNG 

The education to be derived from books does not seem to have 
occupied a very large place in the mind of Ralph Banks. 

He had not been lacking in advantages himself, but to what 
extent can only be judged by his penmanship and the conduct of his 
affairs. He wrote a clear, bold hand and certainly carried on his 
business affairs in an admirable manner. It seems singular, almost 
unpardonable, that he allowed but two of his sons collegiate 
training, though amply able to provide the best advantages for each 
of his large famliy. His fourth son, Richard, was sent, first, to 
the University of Georgia and, later to the University of 
Pennsylvania, where he received his medical degree, and his 
youngest son, Marion, was a graduate of the University of 
Alabama. Probably the shrewd father of this large family dis- 
cerned in his children different capacities; some he supposed fitted 
by nature for a professional life, while in others he discerned the 
strong trading instinct that would lead to mercantile and 
commercial success, and others still would find, as he had done, the 
fullest fruitage in the independent and comfortable life of a 
planter. 

One Tarnover Rucker had the school training of the older 
sons, and he must have been a superior teacher, or they very apt 
scholars. Certainly the foundation was w^ell laid, for these pupils 
of his came to be men of fine intelligence and some of them of 
large culture. Alexander Speer and James McDowell also had 
a hand in teaching these "young ideas how to shoot." After all, 
it is not the teacher, or the school, but the boy himself that is the 
determining factor in an education. The greatest men America 
has produced had not half the advantages provided by Ralph 
Banks for his children. 

However, as the years went by, and the country became 
more settled, better schools were established and in these of the 
villages of Elberton, Petersburg and Ruckersville the children 
of Ralph Banks obtained as good educations, other than collegiate, 
as were to be had in those times. 



189 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



The daughters shared with their brothers whatever advan- 
tages these schools afforded, and their acquirements were by no 
means indifferent. They wrote neatly and legibly, and were 
thoroughly drilled in spelling, reading, geography, Murray's 
grammar, Johnson's dictionary and arithmetic to the rule of three, 
this being considered a fitting boundary to their mathematical 
attainments of the girls of that period. In addition to these they 
acquired some knowledge of astronomy and botany and were 
given to parsing the poetry of Cowper, Young, or Milton. Their 
knowledge of ethics came from The Book, itself. It was left 
to a later generation to absorb as best they could the profound 
concepts of the old theologies, Paley, Butler, and Abercrombie. 

From the country school, these young girls, in their early 
teens, were sent to a "finishing school," where instruction in 
music, painting and fancy work was given. Here they worked 
their samplers and got into the mysteries of cross, tent, chain, 
button-hole, stem and lace stitches. Specimens of their dainty 
handiwork are still to be seen and rival that done in the convents 
of France. One of the daughters of Ralph Banks embellished 
her own bridal veil, using a large square of filmy silk net and 
covering the centre with daisies in outline work, while clusters 
of the same flower formed a rich border. Yellow with age and 
falling to pieces with its own weight, this heirloom is still in 
the family. 

This daughter, and perhaps her sisters, painted miniature 
designs in Avater color with a delicaccy of touch and precision of 
outline that was regarded essential in the artists of the early part 
of the last century. 

It goes without saying that in all domestic accomplishments 
their skilled mother trained her daughters to that excellency that 
made them notable housewives when called to the head of their 
own establishments. 

Ralph Banks' library was a limited one, but it was made the 
best of. The girls found delight in the grewsome story of the 
"Children of the Abbey." "Alonzo and Melissa" appealed to 
their tenderest emotions, while "Charlotte Temple" was read 



190 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



by all young ladies of that day that they might learn a moral 
lesson from the too confident heroine of that romance. 

But there were other books to be read and dutifully studied ; 
the Bible, "Baxter's Saints Rest," "Life of Mrs. Fletcher," and 
such literature, beside ponderous histories and biographies of noted 
worthies. 

These young ladies had their note books and they dutifully 
kept their journals, in which the commonplace records of the 
day were interspersed with impromptu drawings and religious 
expressions. 

The religious and moral training of the children of Ralph 
and Rachel Banks came in for a large measure of attention. It 
has been stated elsewhere that Bishop Asbury frequently found a 
resting place with the family in his Episcopal tours through the 
Georgia settlements. He, with those early itinerants, William 
Parks, William Arnold, the learned Dr. Stephen Olin, the saintly 
Hope Hull and the eloquent, and at that time, 3'oung Lovick 
Pierce made a profound religious impression upon the settlers 
of the eastern portion of Georgia. Hundreds and thousands 
were lead by these preachers of righteousness to better lives and 
the majority of those converted from the error of their ways 
aligned themselves with the Methodist Church. 

Among the number were Ralph Banks and his brothers and 
sisters and their families. Ralph was a sturdy Methodist, his 
wife, Rachel, a saintly one. His religion was coercive, hers 
persuasive. Between the two their children became earnest 
Methodists and their grand children and great-grand children 
have, for the most part, continued their connection with this 
"household of faith." 

Let it be said to the honor of those who have affiliated with 
other branches of the Church of Christ, that in every instance 
they were actuated by the purest motives and have proven faithful 
and sincere in their religious profession and efficient as church 
workers. 

Both by precept and example the noblest principles were 
instilled into the minds and hearts of the children of these godly 



191 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



parents. "If your neighbor steals your corn, that doesn't make 
it right for you to roh his smoke house"; "If you are spoken ill of, 
that doesn't make it right to speak ill of others" ; "Tell the truth 
if the stars fall"; "Do right and leave results with God." These 
and similar aphorisms were often on the lips of Rachel Banks. 

In those days when every pair of hands kept busy and every 
pair of feet had its errand to perform there was not any need for 
what we now call physical culture, there was in every life 
muscular activity enough to meet the demands of health, but a 
valuable adjunct to this was the daily bath. Streams of water 
ran through each of the plantations of Ralph Banks. In these 
nature-made natatoriums every well person on each place was 
expected to take a daily plunge whenever the weather permitted. 
"Cleanliness is next to Godliness," was a firm conviction in this 
family. No wonder with their physical training the sons grew 
up to stalwart manhood and the daughters to rosy, rounded 
womanhood. A pure, simple, wholesome life was that of the 
family of Ralph Banks and its goodly influence is yet felt by his 
descendants. 



WILL OF RALPH BANKS, SR. 

In the name of God, Amen. 

I, Ralph Banks, of Elbert County and State of Georgia, being 
of sound mind and memory though weak in body do this twenty- 
fourth day of October, one thousand eight hundred and twentj'- 
three make and Publish this my last will and Testament in the 
manner following, that is to say, first, I give and bequeath unto 
my two sons, Henry Banks and Lemuel Banks, all that tract of 
land lying on Savannah river bought of Joseph W. Bibb & all the 
negroes that I work at my Bever Dam Plantation including every 
thing thereto belonging, except the crop and one negro man named 
Solomon and one negro girl named Winney and her child. Item, 

I give and bequeath unto my son, Marion Banks, all that 
tract of land on Little Cold Water Creek and one hundred and 
fifty three acres adjoining said Land on the South side. Old 



192 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Bill and his wife, Patience, one negro man, Kit and his wife, 

Izzy and their children, four boys, Larkin & Pleasant, Jessie & 

Reuben including all the stock & crops Si. tools on said Plantation. 

Item, 1 give and bequeath unto Rachel all the tract of land on 

Big Cold Water Creek, it being the place where I now live, old 

Hannah, old Lett Peter & his wife, Johnston & his wife, Fanny, 

Milly, Nancy Jenkins, Harry Webster & Thompson, all my 

household furniture. Four choice of my horses all the other stock 

including the Plantation tools, waggons, gear and riding Carriage. 

Item, I give and bequeath unto my son, Ralph Banks, two tracts 

of Land adjoining on Leatherwood creek in Frankling county 

and one negro boy, Lidsay as to my other children, that I have 

settled of such property as I put into their possession including 

Land & negroes to be theirs by being in their possession, the 

remainder of my property both real and personal after giving my 

wife fifteen hundred dollars in cash, to be equally divided between 

my ten sons and my three daughters. I hereby make and ordain 

my son, Thomas A. Banks and my son, John Banks executor of 

this my last Will and Testament in witness whereof 1 have here 

unto set my hand and seal the day and year first above written. 

Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of we, William 

Adams, William Bailey, Richard C. Adams. 

R. Banks, Sr., Seal 

Court of Ordinary 

Georgia November Term 1823 

Elbert County „ n j • r- . axt-it 

Personally appeared m open Court William 

Adams William Bailey & Richard C. Banks, Sr. 

sign, seal and publish the within instrument of his last will and 

Testament that they subscribed the same as witnesses in his 

presence and that he was then of sound and disposing mind. 

Sworn to and subscribed this third day of December, 1823. 

Test Job Weston CCO 

Where upon it was William Adams 

ordered to be William Bailey 

Recorded Richard C. Adams 

Recorded 9th day of November, 1823. Job Weston CCO. 



193 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Georgia Elbert County, 

I hereby certify that the within and foregoing is a true and 
correct copy of the last Will and Testament of Ralph Banks, Sr., 
as appears on record on the Ordinary Office of said county. And 
I further certify I have no clerk, none being necessary and that I 
am ex-officio Clerk of the Court of Ordinary of said County. 
Given under my official signature and seal of office this 29th of 

August, 1905. 

J. J. Burch, Ordinary Elbert County 



SUMMARY OF THE INVENTORY OF THE 
ESTATE OF RALPH BANKS 

Several thousand acres of land, including the "Big Cold 
Water," "Little Cold Water," and "Beaver Dam" plantations. 

Fifty-seven negroes. 

Seventy-two cows, several yoke of oxen, a number of horses, 
several flocks of sheep and goats, hogs, geese, poultry of other 
kinds, waggons, carts, carriage, saddles, harness, gear, hames, log 
chains, axes, weeding hoes, mattocks, hammers, cradles, scythes, 
chisels, drawknives, ploughs, cleveses, circingles, singletrees, 
bridles, still, tubs, vats, cross-saws, drawknives, wedges, plains, 
stock jointers, gofers and stocks, grubbing hoes, cotton spinning 
wheels, flax wheels, cards, etc., barrels, hogsheads, bushel 
measures, hides, leather, kip skins, wool, feathers, 10 sheep skins, 
marking irons, brass screw, blacksmiths' tools, steel yards, carding 
machine, (valued at $25) double trees, clevispin and iron, stacks 
of fodder and hay, cotton gin (valued at $100) 213 gallons of 
brandy (valued at $213), casks, 19 gallons of wine, lime, salt, etc. 

Of house-hold furniture there is nine bedsteads and 
"furniture," several dressing tables and toilettes, side board, 
tables, cupboard, chests, trunks, clock and Image (valued at $40), 
fire dogs, flat irons, shovels and tongs, water vessels, silver, 
crockery and glass ware, folding desk, waiters, knives and forks, 
lot of books, chairs and six Winsor chairs, carpets, candle sticks, 
looking glasses, two shot guns, seventy-four yards of homespun 



194 



BANKS OP ELBERT 



(valued at $60.75), counterpanes, bed quilts, tablescloths, 
blankets, towels, etc., kitchen furniture, $16 worth of pewter and 
tins, $40 worth of castings, loom, sleys and harness for weaving, 
three lots of cotton valued at 13% cents a lb., amounting to 
$225, $480, $404 respectively. (Cotton was not the chief staple 
in the earlier part of the nineteenth century.) 

The appraisement of this property amounted to some fifty 
thousand dollars, a sum that would be doubled at present 
valuations. As an instance, there is in the possession of a member 
of the family a single set of richly carved mahogany furniture, 
which alone is worth perhaps half as much as the entire stock of 
household goods in the inventory was valued at. 

It may be interesting to note that the highest estimate put 
upon any individual slave was six hundred dollars, a few only 
were so valued and these probably carpenters, wheelwrights or 
shoemakers. In some instances a husband, wife and two children 
brought little more and some individual slaves were as low as one 
hundred dollars. 

The fifty-seven slaves mentioned in the will of Ralph Banks 
would have been worth at the beginning of the war between the 
states as much as the entire estate was valued at. 

It will be remembered that the father of these thirteen 
children had before his last illness settled off his three daughters 
and six of his sons. A man who was considered so just in his 
dealings with others would not have discriminated between his 
children to any considerable extent. It is unfortunately true that 
for reasons not altogether clear to a younger generation the father 
took umbrage at the marriage of one of his sons and did not make 
as liberal provision for him as for his children. The hard 
feeling passed before life's final account was made out and it is 
pleasant to add that this son never lost his place in the mother's 
heart and seemed specially dear to the brothers and sisters. 

In addition to the property that was left for division among 
the wife and minor sons of Ralph Banks, he left thousands of dol- 
lars in notes running from small amounts to four thousand dollars. 
These notes and all remaining lands and property of whatever 



195 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



nature were, according to the will, to be equally divided between 
the ten sons and three daughters. The will of Ralph Banks and 
inventory are on record in Elberton, Ga. 

There is not any public record that Ralph Banks was a 
soldier of the Revolution, though it is an acknowledged fact that 
the records both in Washington and the State of North Carolina 
are very defective. There is however an unquestioned tradition 
that Ralph Banks served as captain in that great conflict. Dr. 
Groves refers to a contract between Ralph Banks and another 
parrv that was made just prior to the former leaving home to 
become a soldier. This private document and the tradition justify 
his (liscendants in claiming the honor for their ancestors. 

In the early settlement of Georgia, "head rights" or land 
grants were given to settlers and to "soldiers of the line" who 
had aided and abetted the war. Among the latter are tiie names 
of Reuben and Bolin Banks. Between 1783 and 1785 grants of 
land were made to Thomas Banks, William Banks, Jolm Banks, 
Ralph Banks, George Banks, Elisha Banks and to others who 
became allied by marriage, Olivers, Taits, Watkins, Alstons, 
Maxwells, Napiers, Sims, Blackwells, etc. There aro o;i re.:ord 
the following entries of land. In 1783 John Ba.iks, 100 acres; 
1784, Thomas Banks, 250 acres; 1785, Gerard Bai.ks, 400 acres; 
1780, Ralph Banks, 1200 acres. 



RALPH— RAFE 

It is certainly known that since 1757 the name Ralph in the 
Banks family has been pronounced Ra'ph a long a and silent. The 
probability is that it was so pronounced from the time that it 
became a family name through Lady Mary, wife of Sir John 
Banks, who bestowed it upon her first born son in honor of her 
father. Sir Ralph Hawtrey. 

Since its adoption into the family there have been twelve 
generations, in eight of which the name appears again and again, 
and in every known instance it is pronounced Ralph and Rafe. 



196 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



It has been generally spelt in the latter manner by those more 
recently bearing it, though their progenitor of Elbert County, 
Georgia, spelt it Ralph. A number of books bearing his 
signature, his will and a large number of business papers all have 
the name spelt Ralph. 



OLD BANKS HOME 

{See Frontispiece) 

In the front of the book is found Lhc picture of the original 
Elbert county home of Ralph and Rachel Banks. We do not know 
the exact date of the building of the liouse but we can make an 
approximate estimate. John Banks, sixth son of Ralph and Rachel 
saj's in his diary "My parents were born, raised and married in 
Nortii Carolina, moved to Georgia about 1788, settled in Elbert 
county on Cold Water creek where I was born Oct. 27, 1797. 
My father continued to live at the same place till his death which 
was on the 26th of Oct. 1823 occasioned by fever." From this 
we gather that John was born in the same house where years later 
his father died. So we feel sure this house was built at least by 
1797, the date of birth of John Banks. That gives us the age of 
the house today as one hundred and forty years. It is interesting 
to know that the house is in a fine state of preservation today and 
is occupied. 



"BEFORE THE WAR" HOUSE GOES MODERN 

(From an article by Varian Feare published in the Birming- 
ham (Ala.) News-Age Herald, March 8, 1936. Reproduced by 
permission of the authoress). 

"And now where are we going?" exclaimed tiie little group 
assembled about the Black Belt photographs on the study table. 

"Eutaw? Oh yes, I remember!" exclaimed Marguerite. 
"The professor told us about Eutaw. He was quite intrigued 
with it. Even suggested that if a Good Samaritan like John D. 
Rockefeller should want to restore an ante-bellum city for 



197 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Alabama as Williamsburg has been restored for Virginia, Eutaw 
would be a runner-up in the list for this state." 

"And who owns this house we visit today" ? 

"James Oliver Banks, of Eutaw, president of the Farmers 
and Merchants Bank of Eutaw, one of Green County's leading 
merchants, lumberman and agriculturists. A man known for his 
sound ability, his practical views and splendid judgment. 

"He is as gracious as his home and his garden. Immaculately 
clad in soft gray tweeds, he might well have been an English 
squire of the island's countryside and just out of one of Hugh 
Walpole's books. His hair is white, but he is alert, energetic, 
keen. His blue eyes are shrewd, kindly, twinkling all together. 
And this little volume which he consented to my bringing from 
his extensively library explains him after a fashion." 

"What do you mean"? 

"That a comprehensive genealogical record to the human 
family involved is like a map to a geographical locality. In "The 
Banks of Elbert," Georgia Butt Young gives a most interesting 
resume of research done in the name of Banks. She says the name 
is probably derived from the word banco or bench, a place raised 
above the level. This refers to the station of the bench in the 
early banks of commerce whereon the bankers dispensed business. 
She suggests, too, that wherever the Bankses are found, they are a 
money-making people. 

"The family is traced back to the reign of Edward III of 
England. Simon Banks, a man of influence and wealth, in 1334 
married a Miss Caterton, of Newton. 

One branch of the family is traced to Scotland. Sir Hugh 
Banks, of Ayershire, three of whose children — James, Lucien and 
Susan — came to Amercia to settle in Maryland and Pennsylvania, 
seems to lead the Scotch clan, followers of the Presbyterian faith. 
Members of the English branch are adherents of the Episcopal 
Church, however. 

Thomas Banks was a native of North Carolina. He left that 
state in 1785 and journeyed south and west to settle in "Broad 



198 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Settlement," Elbert County, Georgia. His son, Ralph, also settled 
here. Ralph, great-grandfather of Mr. Banks returned to the Old 
North State and married Rachel, lovely daughter of Capt. James 
Jones and Charity Alston Jones. 

"Upon the death of her husband she left Elbert County and 
journeyed to Tuscaloosa, bringing her sons, Willis and Marion. 
Willis married Mary Winfrey Oliver. His sixth child was James 
Oliver Banks. The other son, Marion, is listed as one of the 
university's first graduates, being of the class of 1832, and w^as 
a trustee of the Capstone for many years. James Oliver Banks' 
mother vi^as Mary Gray Banks. 

"Georgia Butt Young gives a sketch of this first James 
Oliver Banks, father of the James Oliver Banks, of Eutaw^. She 
says: 'The inherent nobility of his nature was fostered by the best 
influences, and he came to manhood under the most auspicious 
circumstances. He was graduated from the university with the 
class of '49. Soon afterward, he went to Philadelphia and matric- 
ulated as a student of medicine in Jefferson College. 

" 'It was not his purpose to practice medicine. He took his 
degree that he might be fitted to ameliorate the condition of the 
sick and suffering on his plantations, where medical attention was 
difficult to secure. 

" 'Soon after his return from Philadelphia, his father died, 
leaving him a large estate. Barely 23, he shouldered the 
responsibility, found a good wife, and then settled down with her 
to make a happy home. 

" 'He was a tender and faithful husband, a loving and 
indulgent father, the synonym of all that was upright and honor- 
able in his business life. He was strong in his convictions but 
never obtruded them upon others. He rendered faithful service 
during the War between the States as colonel of the Forty-Third 
Mississippi Red, C. A. A.' 

"His being in Mississippi is explained by his having a large 
landed estate there. So, December 26,1867, we find record of our 
James Oliver Banks' birth at Columbus. When but two years 



199 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



old, his mother died. Then was the lad brought back to his 
mother's home in Eutaw to be reared by his grandparents until 
their death, and then to become the beloved charge of a maiden 
aunt and bachelor uncle. Judges and lawyers were the Colemans. 

"They saw that the lad received all that the schools of Eutaw 
could offer. Then was he so fortunate as to be one of the students 
of that outstanding Alabama educator, Henry Tutwiler. In 1887, 
he was graduated from the classical course at the university and 
returned home with a Phi Beta Kappa key. This same coveted 
honor was later to be won by his son, W. C. Banks, who is also 
a graduate of the university. Now the family watches a grandson 
in anticipation that he, too, will measure up to the Banks of Elberf- 

"Grassdale, in Green County, has been the property of the 
Banks and Coleman family through a 100 years its acres counting 
in the thousands, and its original colonial home still intact. 
Grandfather Coleman was one of Green County's earliest settlers. 
He is listed as building the first frame house on the Eutaw side 
of the Warrior in Greene. 

"And so one could go on and on into the history of the 
family, fascinating study that it is. However, we must give a bit 
of space to the lovely old mansion. 

"Its gutters bear the date of 1854. It is done in white with 
green shutters and is immaculately kept. The fluted Ionic 
columns arise from their porch base, four in number, to catch the 
weight of the extended roof. Paneled pilasters skirt the ends of 
the front facade which is plaster finish. Fluted pilasters are part 
of the sculptured setup of the entrance door with its narrow side 
panels, and interesting pediment which eliminates the transom. 
This entrance, slightly simplified, is repeated in the doorway 
servicing the gallery which skirts the entire width of the front, its 
rail and spindles of simple, tasteful design. 

"The side facades, with their great twin chimneys of red 
brick, give the effect of three-story height, due to the attic 
windows. At the rear is an interesting adjunct, which is probably 
the original kitchen, of handmade red brick, with filigree work 
for ventilation as well as a decorative note. 



200 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



"Mrs. Banks, who was Sarah Henry Buck before her 
marriage, was our gracious escort. It is evident that she not only 
has a deep love for the old home's beauty, traditions and keepsakes, 
but is also a connoisseur of the antique. 

"Modernzation has given the home an excellent heating 
system, baths, sleeping porches, and a summer living room. But, 
in the renovation, the panel trim beneath the windows the door 
and cornice trim, the mantels, wide flooring, etc., have for the 
most part been kept as originally featured. Attractive period wall- 
papers tone in nicely with the home's age. 

"We started our adventure-in-seeing from the library. This 
is a spacious room to the right of the through-hall. Its walls are 
lined with books many of them rare old volumes that are now out 
of print. One that particularly appealed to us was an anthology 
of Eli Sheppard's verses, illustrated with photographs. How we 
wish we had one like it. A rare old secretary, banquet tables 
halved to form consoles, rare porcelain and lovely pottery lend to 
the room's distinction. Over the mantel are two exquisite 
silhouettes ; one of Rachel Banks and the other of her husband, 
Ralph. In the bonnet and top hat of the eighteenth century, they 
are treasures. 

"In the great hall one can but pause to admire the wind of 
the stairs and the luster of its wood. On the second floor we find 
an enclosed stair leading to the great attic. This top floor would 
be a story alone, were one to do it justice. It is fully windowed. 
Another stair gives access to the roof." 

"And it had treasures, that attic"? 

"Loads. Among them the most elegant little trunks with 
studded trim, square hat boxes of leather, and portmanteaus. 
From one a bonnet was brought forth that set us laughing." 

"Tell us." 

"No, we must on. The house is so immense and so replete 
with excellent antiques, all tastefully arranged, that it is difficult 
to choose. I shall skip and miss down my list and some day perhaps 
you may be fortunate enough to be a caller at the lovely old home 
and see that I do not enlarge. 



201 



BANKS OP ELBERT 



"In the spacious dining room is a rare mahogany sideboard 
that belonged to the Coleman family. Its legs are hand-carved 
and its shapely claw feet fashioned as Celleni devised richness into 
his designs. J 

"China and crystal and silver! There is a coffee pot bearing 
date of 1760, probably a 'made to order.' It is handwrought of 
solid silver. Its ebony handle is browned soft with age. 
Originally this graced a Virginian board, having belonged to Mrs. 
Hack's grandmother. 

"On a small mahogany side table, a crystal candelabra with 
triple-cut prisms gleams out of a myriad of rainbows. Beautiful 
and rare china pitchers top the china case ; a set of pint size coffee 
cups call us to attention as does a punch bowl of china, delightfully 
shaped and decorated. 

"In the drawing room are family portraits that bring us to a 
pause. One likes to study out the character depicted, whether the 
lovelv face of the vouns sister or the stern one of Grandfather 
Coleman. He must have been a determined man, perhaps at times 
even a little stubborn where principles were involved. His soft 
shirt front is uncovered by any cravat. At the portrait of James 
Oliver Banks, Sr., we linger long and find there all the qualities 
Georgia Butt Young emphasizes in her splendid description in 
"Banks of Elbert." 

"We can but find interest in a landscape of the Alps because 
of its painter, Madam LaVert. An old mirror in the hall has 
added charm when we learn it came from Locust Grove, La., the 
retreat of Jefferson Davis and his first bride. 

"Of the bedroom furniture one could write a book. There 
is a carved and uniquely filigreed canopy bed that belonged to 
Madam Lavert Clark. Another of cherry wood with great posts, 
and one of solid mahogany posts that belonged to Grandmother 
Coleman. Mrs. Banks found this stored in the great attic when 
she came as mistress to the lovely old town house. The weight 
of each post required two men when it was transferred to a bed- 
room on the second floor. 



202 : 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



"Of desks there are many, anyone worthy of a museum place. 
One especially lovely one has carved acanthus leaves on the set-in 
pilasters. There is a dresser in a first floor bedroom, hand-made 
from hard pine. It is as old-fashioned as a basque waist, having 
a single row of pulls centering its drawers. Other dressers of 
mahogany and rosewood have delicately-carved pulls fashioned 
like leaves. There are shaving sets, rare old cologne bottles, 
rocker tables, top chests of drawers, samplers done on handspun 
linen, lamps devised, and wired, of decanters. At the turn of 
the stairs sits a grandfather's clock." 

"Oh dear, why do 3'ou have to hurry over it so? I wish I 
could see one of the samplers done on handloomed linen." 

"The one in the downstairs bedroom has stitches equal to the 
finest Chinese cross-stitch. The alphabet is depicted thereon and 
perky little dogs that lift their feet like thoroughbreds. 

"Some day perhaps you will be so fortunate as to visit the 
lovely home, to meet its master and mistress. Meantime, we may 
rest at ease, knowing it is secure in the care that comes of love." 



SOME HEIRLOOMS 

Among the valuable heirlooms owned by Mrs. Mattie Banks 
Telford, daughter of Joseph H. Banks and grand-daughter of 
Dr. Richard Banks, is a book bearing date of 1602, on the fly 
leaf of which, in beautifully written characters, is the name, 
"James Banks." This book was given by Rachel, wife of Ralph 
Banks, to their son, "Lemuel" and probably given by the latter 
to his brother Richard. Another of Mrs. Telford's heirlooms is a 
spoon marked "C. B." and having the date, "1741." It would 
be interesting to know to whom these belonged and what relation 
they bore to the Elbert county Bankses. Mrs. Telford has other 
heirlooms of interest beside the book and spoon above mentioned, 
but none of as much antiquity. These facts are given in the hope 
of aiding some future student of the subject to a fuller knowledge 
of the family ancestry. 



203 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



The late Mrs. Lucy Banks Yonge, of Columbus, Georgia, fell 
heir to a number of silver spoons that had been her gandfather, 
Ralph Banks'. Her most prised possession was the Bible which 
Ralph bought and presented to Rachel and which bears the name of 
Rachel Banks in gilt letters. This Bible contains all the family 
records inscribed in Ralph's handwriting. 

Georgia Young Hopkins of Columbus, Miss., possesses a 
silver butter knife that has been in constant use since 1822. It 
was owned by Priscilla Banks Butt. 

Mrs. Sallie Peacock Dimon of Columbus, Ga., takes pride in 
her horsehair sofa with matching chairs which adorn her parlor 
at "The Cedars," the home of John Banks, son of Ralph and 
Rachel. This furniture was purchased by John Banks for The 
Cedars and stands today in the same parlor where Anna Josephine 
Banks, daughter of John Banks was married to Gideon James 
Peacock and where later Sallie Peacock married Kelly Dimon. 
Years passed and their daughter, Josephine Dimon was married 
in the same room to John McKay, to be followed later by her 
sister, Zilpha, who took her marriage vows to Eli Aveett in the 
same room. The oil portraits of John Banks and his wife, Sarah 
Watkins hang in this parlor silently pronouncing their benediction 
on these wedding scenes. 

The originals of the silhouettes appearing in the front of this 
book are prized possessions of Mr. Rafe Banks of Gainesville, 
Georgia. 



204 



ALLIED FAMILIES 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



ALLIED FAMILIES 

The younger brothers and the sons of Ralph Banks had not 
far to go to find their wives. Among their neighbors of the 
Broad River settlement and the adjacent country these were 
admirable young women of the best old families, just suited to 
their minds. James Banks, Sr., and his nephew, James Jones 
Banks married sisters of the family of 

ALSTON 

The American founder of the house, John Alston, was son 
of John Alston and Anne Wallis. He was baptized in Fever- 
sham, England, December 5, 1673. His ancestral line goes back 
to Harderic, first King of Saxons, 90 B. C. He settled in 
Chowan county and served in various public offices during the 
colonial period. (See sketch of Rachel Jones Banks.) He 
married Mary Clark and reared a large family. Their son, 
Solomon married Ann Hinton, and these were grand-parents to 
Rachel Jones Banks. Their son, James, married Christian 
Lillington, and their son, James married Grizel Yancey, and these 
were the parents of Charity and Hannah Alston, who married 
the uncle and nephew, the two James Banks. The Alstons were 
a proud, high spirited race, "strong in their attachments and 
unyielding in their antagonisms,"* yet tender and devoted in the 
home life and ever ready to befriend him who had no helper. 

The brothers, Willis and Henry got their wives from the 

OLIVERS 

Some time before the Revolutionary war Peter or Thomas 
Oliver and his wife, Ann McCartie, of the famous Irish family, 
settled near Petersburg, Va. There, was born in 1735, Dionysius 
Oliver, who died in Elbert County, Ga., 1808. He married Mary 
Ann Winfrey, daughter of Valentine Winfrey, of Virginia. Their 
son, James, married Lucy Clark, of Albermarle, Va. The third 
child of James and Lucy Clark Oliver, Mary Winfrey, married 



•Dr. Groves' "Allstons and Alstons." 

208 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Willis Banks. The young wife died within a year, leaving an 
infant daughter, Mary Winfrey Banks, born in 1820, who 
married Jeptha Vining Harris, of Madison county, Ga., in 1840. 
The fourth child of James and Lucy Clark Oliver, Mildred, 
married James Banks, son of James and Charity Alston Banks 
and the fifth child, Judith, married Henry Banks. Mrs. E. S. 
Stubbs gives a full and interesting account of the Olivers in her 
"Early Settlers." 

John Banks, second, married into the extensive family of 

WATKINS 

The black-e3'ed beauty whom he selected was Sarah, daughter 
of John and Susannah Daniel Watkins. The Watkins were 
from Wales. They were generally black-eyed, energetic and 
vivacious, fond of flowers and of music. The early Watkins 
in America were all Methodist. John Watkins was son of 
James Watkins (born February 5. 1728; died 1800) and Martha 
Thompson (born 1755). They reared a large family, one of the 
sons, Joseph, originated the cotton gin. He had one on his 
plantation that Mrs. General Green took her kinsman, Eli 
Whitney, to see. He improved the gin in some respects and 
became known as the inventor. 

The sixth child of James and Martha Thompson Watkins 
was John, born February 12, 1768; died March, 1841; married 
Susannah, daughter of Chesley and Judith Christian Daniel, in 
1799. The Daniels, of North Carolina, discended from James 
Daniel of Goochland, Va., who married Elizabeth Woodson. 
Their eldest son, Chesley, married Judith Christian and of them 
was born Susannah who became the wife of John Watkins. 
Chesley and Judith Christian Daniel reared a large family and 
their descendants are widely scattered over the South. One son, 
Beverly Daniel, never married. He was attorney general of 
North Carolina. Judith Christian Daniel married David 
Hughes. They had several children, one of whom, Robert, was 
Governor of Virginia. 

Ralph Banks, the second, got his wife from the Scotch 
family of 



209 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



MAXWELL 

She must have inherited from her Highland forefathers a 
love for the "banks and braes" of her home county as she and her 
husband alone of the large connection spent their lives in one 
locality. Little is known of her family beyond the fact that they 
were good people, who lived apart from the haunts of men, 
happy in themselves and in their mountain home. Elizabeth 
Maxwell was a good woman, a devoted wife and loving mother. 

TAIT 

Louisa America Tait, whom Lemuel Banks married, was the 
daughter of General James Minor Tait (or Tate. The name is 
spelled either way by members of the same family) and Jane 
Watkins. The latter was daughter of James Watkins, brother of 
John, and Jane Thompson. There were a number of marriages 
between the Watkins and Thompsons, and this stock intermarried 
with the Bankses. The wives of John and Lemuel Banks were 
first cousins. 

The Taits occupied the best social position and members of 
the family were distinguished for their high order of talents. They 
were allied by blood and marriage to leading families of the state. 

Dr. Richard Banks went to an adjoining county for his wife. 
There he found a beautiful young widow, Mrs. Martha 
Dawson, nee 

BUTT 

She was the daughter of Jere Butt and his wife, Unity 
Brown, daughter of Col. Frederick Brown, of Warren County, 
Ga. The Butt family came to America from Wales, where 
numbers bearing the name are still found. Some centuries ago one 
of them went over into England and became allied by marriage to 
the noble house of Delafield. A dscendant of this branch came to 
America and settled near Norfolk, Va. Here was born William 
Moses Butt in 1745. He married Susan Eldridge Ross. Sub- 
sequently they moved to Halifax County, N. C, and settled a 
plantation on the Dan river. On the 20th of September, 1781, 



210 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



while the father was in the army taking part in the campaign 
during which the famous battles of Guilford Court Houses and 
Cowpens were fought, his third son, Moses, was born. When 
this son attained manhood his father sent him to Augusta, Ga., 
and its vicinity to collect some overdue tobacco notices. The young 
man was so pleased with the country and it may be added, with 
Eliza Peace, he daughter of Col. Frederick Brown, of Warren 
county, that he determined to make l;is home in Georgia. He 
married Miss Brown and settled in Columbia county. In 1820 
she died, leaving four children. On the 28th of July, 1822, he 
married Priscilla, youngest daughter of Ralph and Rachel Banks. 
She was nineteen and he was twenty years older. It is said the 
difference in their ages and the fact of his already having four 
children was fully atoned for by his courtly manners, pleasing 
address and the handsome home to which he took his young wife. 
Jere Butt, father of Mrs. Richard Banks, was distantly related to 
his brother-in-law, Moses Butt. The ancestors of the former had 
settled on the Potomoc river near the present site of Harper's 
Ferry. There were marriages between this family of Butt and 
the Portlocks. Two or more of their descendants went to Georgia 
the latter part of the eighteenth century, settling in Warren and 
Richmond counties. Many of their descendants are still found in 
the eastern part of the state occupying the highest social position. 

SCOTT— GRAY 

Afer the death of his young wife, Mary Winfrey Oliver, 
Willis Banks did not seek another for some years, then he met 
Mary Gray. She was the daughter of Hezekiah Gray and Frances 
Scott, daughter of Capt. James Scott, of the Revolutionary Army, 
and Frances Collier, only daughter of John Collier, of King and 
Queen county, Va., and his wife, Nancy Eyres or Epps. Frances 
Collier was born in 1735. Her father, John Collier, was born 
in 1680; died in 1735. He was great grandfather to Gov. Collier 
of Alabama. 

The Scott family claim descent from Sir Walter Scott, of 
Buccleaugh, Scotland. Sir Walter Scott, of Abbottsford, belonged 



211 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



to a collateral branch of the same family. The Epps family claim 
descent from an ancient and noble line. 

Captain James Scott, grandfather of Mrs. Mary Gray 
Banks, received a pension from the government as a Revolutionary 
soldier. The national number of his line is 12473 of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution. 

He was a son of Thomas Scott and Ann, daughter of Thomas 
Baytop, who was born in 1676, in Kent, England. 

NAPIER 

Mary, the second daughter of Ralph and Rachel Banks, 
accompanied her sister, Mrs. Sims, to Alabama when she came as a 
bride in 1812. At an early age the younger sister was married to 
Dr. Jones, who lived but a short time. After some years of 
widowhood Mary Banks Jones married John W. S. Napier. It is 
probable this family came originally from Scotland, thought the 
enugrabt was of English birth. He settled in Virginia and from 
there one or more of his descendants followed the tide of 
emigration to North Carolina, fixing their home in Rockingham 
county, where, in 1797, John Napier was born. There were no 
nearby schools and educational advantages were hard to procure, 
but the eager mind of this youth, thirsting for knowledge, over- 
came his early acquirements were obtained under circucmstances 
that would have daunted a less resolute nature. His services 
were needed in the field by day and it was only at night by the 
light of a pine torch that he could pursue his studies. His mental 
vigor would indicate his kinship to those bearing the same name 
who made themselves distinguished as soldiers and scholars in 
England's history. An ancient and interesting legend is given as 
to the origin of the name. An early king of Scotland was at war. 
Once, when the day was going against him, Donald, the youngest 
son of the Earl of Lennox, to avert the disaster, seized the royal 
standard and with his own hands planted it above the ramparts. 
The troops that were ready for flight rallied around the flag and 
saved the day. Afterwards, when the king greeted his victorious 



212 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



army, he said, "All have done well, but Donald has Na peer," and 
he begged that the youth assume the compliment as a surname. 

After John Napier secured by his own indefatigable efforts a 
good education he felt that he could not do better than impart to 
others the advantages he had so craved and he became a teacher. 
At the same time he was a local preacher of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. In his later years, though a large fortune had 
crowned his efforts as a planter, he regretted that he had not 
devoted his life to the ministry. That he might, even in his 
advanced years, further the Master's cause, he, in 1858, endowed 
the Chair of Biblical Literature in the southern University at 
Greensboro, Ala. This endowment he considered the crowning 
work of his life, feeling that thereby he had both served his Maker 
ano helped his fellowman. 

WEBB 

Dunstan Banks married Lucretia Webb, third child of 
Thomas and Martha Dickens Webb. Dr. Robert Dickens Webb, 
in his history of the family, says, "The Webbs were from Dorset, 
a shire of Southern Wales. In 1544 one Henry Webb is 
mentioned as the trusty and well beloved servant of Katherine 
Parr, regent for Henry VIII, during his absence from the kingdom 
while the seige of Boulogne was going on. This Henry Webbe 
was usher of her majesty's privy bed chamber." 

Between 1640 and 1650 two Webbs, Christopher and Mica- 
jah, or William, came to America. The former settled in 
Massachusetts, the latter at Smithfield, Isle of Wight county, Va. 

The first authentic dates of the family is found in the Bible 
of James Webb, of Essex county, who was born in 1705, 
married Mary Edmunson in 1734, died in 1771. His family is 
mentioned by Bishop Meade in his Old Virginian Churches and 
People as being of the leading families of Eastern Virginian 
Colonial times. 

William, a son of James and Mary Edmunson Webb, married 
Frances Young and moved to North Carolina, settling in Gran- 
ville county. His estate was called "Tally Ho," and is still owned 



213 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



by a descendant of his. At this place his nine children were born. 
One of these was Thomas Webb, born October 22, 1778. He 
married Martha Dickens in North Carolina and about 1800 
moved to the then territory of Alabama. He settled at Brush 
Creek, seven miles from Greensboro, where he lived till his death 
in 1845. Lucretia, the third of his eleven children, was born in 
1812 and married Dunstan Banks in 1832, A happy married life 
ensued, lasting forty years. Mrs. Banks was a handsome woman, 
always neat and tasteful in her dress and a notable housewife. 
One of her marked characteristics was a kindly consideration of 
the poor and a readiness to help all who were needy. She was an 
invalid for many years, but the devotion of her husband and the 
tender care of young daughter, Lucretia, did much to ameliorate 
her sufferings. The Webb coat of arms is a cross, yule, between 
four falcins; the crest, a duke's coronet with a device eagle. The 
cross indicates the ancestor was a Crusader. 

CHIPMAN 

Thomas Alston Banks, eldest of the children of Ralph and 
Rachel Jones Banks, married Mary Jones, daughter of Joseph 
Chipman. A tradition in the family claims that the Chipmans 
came to America in the "Alayf lower." They were related to 
various New England families, among them Gen. Joseph Warren, 
of Bunker Hill fame. In 1790, or thereabout, Joseph Chipman 
left Massachusetts with his friend, Job Weston and settled in 
Savannah, Georgia. Here the two young men formed a business 
partnership. Subsequently they removed to Elbert county. There 
Joseph Chipman married Nancy Jones. Job Weston never 
married. He became clerk of the court at Elberton, and on the 
23rd of October, 1823, wrote the will of Ralph Banks. Joseph 
and Nancy Jones Chipman had five children. The daughters 
were married to Thomas Banks, Elbridge Gerry Cabiness, 
Augustus Hawkins and Issac Parks. Some of these moved West 
and their descendants are lost sight of. The families of the others 
are still prominent in social and public life in Georgia. 



214 



BANKS OF ELBERT 



Previous to his marriage to Betty White, Thomas Banks, 
Sr., had married, in 1741 Sarah Chandler. 

There were born of this marriage three children: 

Richard Banks, born August 23, 1744; Thomas Banks, born 
November 25,1747; Sallie Chandler Banks born June 4 1748. 
These children had attained middle life and had probably married 
and settled in North Carolina before their father went, in 1785, to 
Georgia with the eldest child of his second marriage, Ralph Banks. 

It may have been the above mentioned Richard Banks who 
was sheriff of Raleigh, North Carolina, under the British Crown, 
just before the Revolutionary war. 

In his old age, Thomas Banks contracted a third marriage, 
this being with Susannah Hunt. On the 23rd of December, 1788, 
a son, Thomas Banks, was born to them. After the death of her 
aged husband in 1789 the widow took her child to Illinois. A 
Federal soldier, captured during the Civil war, in North Mis- 
sissippi, claimed to be of that family, the only instance known of 
one of the blood fighting on the wrong side. 



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