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Full text of "Genealogical records and sketches of the descendants of William Thomas of Hardwick, Mass. .."

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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/genealogicalrecoOOthom 




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GENEALOGICAL 

RECORDS AND SKETCHES 

OF THE 

DESCENDANTS 

OP 

William Thomas . 

MX. 

HARDWICK . MASS. 

Illustrated by Uiews and Portraits. 



A. R. THOMAS , M.D., 

Pkofessor of Anatomy and Dean of the Faculty of the Hahnemann Medic/ 

College of Philadelphia ; Late Pkofessor of Anatomy in the Academy 

of the Fine Arts of Pennsylvania ; Member of the Academy 

of Natural Sciences; Member of the Historical 

Society of Pennsylvania, etc.. etc. 



" There is also a moral and philosophical respect for our ancestors, 
which elevates the character and improves the heart." — Daniel Webster. 



L 



9 24.3, 



PHILADELPHIA AND LONDON: 

F. A. DAVIS, PUBL/ISHER, 
^f3C^ 1S91. 



1146124 



v 



1 



TO THE NUMEROUS DESCENDANTS 



William Thomas, 



OP HARBWICK, 



THIS VOLUME IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED 



THEIR KINSMAN, THE AUTHOR. 



PREFACE. 



To learn something of the origin and history of one's 
family would appear to be a natural and almost universal 
desire of mankind. The same curiosity which leads us 
to peer into the hidden future prompts us to travel back 
to the early days of our ancestors, to inquire from whence 
they came, where were their homes, and what were their 
names and deeds. And he who collects and preserves 
from oblivion the names and history of individuals and 
families performs a service worthy of general recognition. 
The value of biography and of the history of nations, gov- 
ernments, and institutions is universally acknowledged, 
and the carefully preserved records of families often 
possess an interest and value similar in kind, if not equal 
in degree. 

In our own country, the pressure of business interests 
absorbs so much of the time and energy of the people 
that until within a recent period these matters have 
received much less attention than in the Old World. 
There all records of births, marriages, and deaths have 
for ages been carefully preserved, and are always easy of 
access. The advantages of this custom are many and 
obvious ; ancestry may be more easily traced, inheritance 
claims readily established, statistics of great value may 
be easily collected, and the interests of coming genera- 
tions in many ways subserved. 

The origin of this volume is due to a circumstance 
which may be worthy of narration. Up to three-score 
years the compiler knew comparatively nothing of his 

(v) 



VI PREFACE. 

father's family except that it was of Welsh descent, and 
that his grandfather lived in Massachusetts. Azariah 
Thomas, his father, having emigrated from Massachusetts 
to the northern part of New York State early in the 
century (about 1804), where he died in 1831, the 
writer, at that time but 5 years of age, was thus left 
isolated from his father's family, with little inclination 
and less opportunity for making their acquaintance. 
While in after years the desire for learning something of 
the family became strongly developed, but for the follow- 
ing circumstance it would probably never have been 
gratified. In the summer of 1887, while overhauling 
some old books and papers, he came across a letter 
addressed to an elder brother, written in March, 1852, 
thirty-nine years ago, by the late Sarah JS". Thomas 
(Gage), daughter of Alpheus Thomas, of Prescott, Mass. 
Here was a name and an address, a sufficient clue for 
attempting to discover the long-lost family. A letter 
addressed " To any Descendant of the late Alpheus 
Thomas," and directed to Prescott, Mass., soon brought 
a reply from Judge E. A. Thomas, of Amherst, Mass., 
brother of the writer of the above-mentioned letter, and 
with whom a correspondence was immediately opened. 
The information thus acquired served only to increase 
the desire for more knowledge of the family, and finally 
led to the conception of the present volume. A cir- 
cular was sent to all known addresses of members of 
the family and replies received of such a character as to 
encourage in the prosecution of the work. The result 
of the effort is now placed before the members of the 
family. 

The arrangement adopted in this record is one that 
will be easily understood and that will permit of a ready 
tracing of families. Following each name in large type 



PKEFACE. Vll 

will be found, in brackets, the descent of the individual 
from William 1 , the number above the right of each 
name indicating the generation to which he belonged. 
The children in each family are given in small type and 
are numbered. If these children died unmarried or 
without issue the name does not again appear, while if 
they married and left issue it will re-appear under the 
same number but in large type and in its numerical 
order, but perhaps a number of pages further on in the 
book. Thus, on page 74 will be found the name of 
Beals Thomas in large type (No. 72). Following the 
biographical sketch will be found the number and names 
of his several children. Nancy Bigelow Thomas and 
Edwin Egery Thomas not having married and left issue, 
their names do not again appear ; while the others, hav- 
ing had children, each will again be found in the next 
generation, under the same number, in large type. 
Should it be desired to trace back Beals Thomas to his 
parents, by turning to No. 74 in small type his name 
will be found, with those of his brothers and sisters, 
following a sketch of his parents. 

The labor of collecting and arranging the material for 
this work has been pre-eminently a labor of love. No 
discoverer of a new continent ever pursued his explora- 
tions with greater interest than has been experienced by 
the compiler in the prosecution of his self-imposed task. 
Every newly discovered family, name, or fact, has only 
added to his interest in the work and stimulated him to 
further efforts toward the accomplishment of his purpose. 
Had all to whom application has been made for informa- 
tion felt an equal interest, the record would have been 
more complete and the biographical sketches more full. 
Over 1100 names have been collected and recorded in this 
volume ; yet this large number probably does not include 



Vlll PEEFACE. 

more than half the descendants of William Thomas of 
Hardwick. Nearly all are from his oldest son, Amos 2 . 
Of his remaining children very few descendants have been 
found, and of three of his sons none whatever. 

Acknowledgment should here be made of valuable 
assistance in the collection of material for this work and 
in the preparation of sketches by Hon. E. A. Thomas, 
of Amherst; A. O. Thomas, of Waltham, Mass.; by the 
llcv. Clark O. Maltby, of Philadelphia ; by Mrs. Hattie 
E. Knowlton, of "Westboro, Mass.; by Charles D. 
Thomas, of Boston, Mass.; by Mrs. L. R. Hills, of 
Brooklyn, N. Y. ; and Miss Emma Josephine T. Gale, of 
Montvale, Mass. 

That errors will be found in these records is more than 
probable, notwithstanding the great care that has been 
taken to prevent the same. 

Blank pages have been placed at the end of the 
volume for convenience in making additional records. 

A few abbreviations have been employed, which will 
be readily understood, thus : b. born, d. died, m. married, 
unm. unmarried, dan. daughter, nfr. no further records. 

A. R. Thomas. 

113 South Sixteenth Street, 

Philadelphia, Fa., March, 1891. 



SOURCES OF INFORMATION. 



Relating to the Welsh history of the family : " Genea- 
logical Notes of the Thomas Family of Maryland," by 
Rev. Laurence Buckley Thomas, where references are 
made to Skeene's " Four Ancient Books of Wales," 
"Annales Cambrian," Nichols's "County Families of 
Wales ;" manuscript history of the family (written about 
A.D. 1600), printed in the Cambrian Register; " Chroni- 
cles of England;" Timbs & Gunn's "Abbeys, Castles, 
and Ancient Halls," etc. 

Relating to the Thomas family of Hardwick : Paige's 
" History of Hardwick, Mass. ;" Jackson's " History of 
Newton," " History of Brookfield," " History of Wor- 
cester ;" Court Records at Cambridge and at Worcester, 
Mass. ; Records of Baptist Church of Prescott ; Benj. 
Franklin Thomas's " Memoir of Isaiah Thomas ;" Isaiah 
Thomas's " History of Printing ;" numerous family 
records, etc. 



(ix) 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Origin of the Name of Thomas, ...... 1 

Welsh History of Thomas Family, 1-6 

Thomas Family in America, with Sketches of Promi- 
nent Members, 6-17 

Thomas Family of Hardwick, Traditional History, . 17 

Authentic History, First Generation, .... 22 

Second Generation, 30 

Third Generation, 33 

Fourth Generation, 49 

Fifth Generation, 88 

Sixth Generation, 149 

Seventh and Eighth Generations, . . . .197 

Summary of Generations, 204 

Appendix A, Roll of Honor, 205 

Appendix B, Families of Thomas in New England Pre- 
vious to 1699, 207 

Index, 213 

(xi) 



THE THOMAS FAMILY. 



INTRODUCTION. 

ORIGIN OF THE NAME. 

The name of* Thomas came originally from the 
Hebrew language, and signifies a twin.* In its earliest 
use the name was confined to male twins, the feminine 
form, Thomasene, having been applied to girls. In 
the lapse of time, however, the origin and significance 
of the name being overlooked, it gradually came to be 
applied to others, and thus finally came into general use. 
Adopted by the Greeks and Latins, the name became 
thus more widely distributed. It was taken into Great 
Britain at the time of the introduction of Christianity 
by Pope Gregory I, about 600 a.d. With some slight 
variations in spelling, the name is now found in all 
modern European languages.f 

welsh history. 
The Welsh claim for the family of Thomas great 
antiquity, and give it a prominent place in the early 
history of that country. The Rev. Lawrence Buckly 
Thomas, who has given the subject much attention, in 
his "Genealogical Notes of the Thomas Family of Mary- 
land," states that the best and latest authorities on the 

* Many of the common names in use at the present time, both of males and 
females, have had a Hebrew origin, and are quite significant in their meaning. Thus, 
Albert, in original Hebrew, signifies bright; David, beloved; Eli, foster-son 
Heman, faithful; Israel, a soldier of God; John, a gift of God; Abigail, lather's 
joy ; Ann, graoe ; Elizabeth, worshiper of God ; Sarah, a rose ; Susan, a Oily. 

t English, French, and German, Thomas ; Italian, Toinaso ; Spanish, Tomas 
Tortugese, Thomaz. 

(1) 



2 THE THOMAS FAMILY. 

history of Wales confirm the traditions that the 
authentic history of this family in that country com- 
mences with Uryan or Urian Rheged, a son of Cynvarch 
Oer ap Mierchion Gul (ap in Welsh signifying son of*), 
a prince of North Britain in the sixth century after 
Christ, who was expelled from his principality by the 
Saxons and took refuge with his family in Wales. The 
name of Prince Mierchion Gul, it is said, appears on an 
ancient pillar or monument near Llangollen. Urian, the 
grandson, probably born in Wales, soon became a leader 
among these people, and, surrounded by a large body 
of retainers, for many years carried on a fierce war with 
the Saxon king of Northumberland. Slain while con- 
ducting a siege in the year 575, his sons and their de- 
scendants became powerful leaders in the struggle that 
was prolonged, with occasional interruptions, for many 
centuries. 

For many generations after Urian, but little more 
than the bare names of the descendants is given in 
Welsh history. The line of descendants runs as 
follows : — 

1st. Mieechion Gul. 2d. Cynvarch Oer. 3d. Urien 
(d. 515). 4th. Pasgen. 5th. Mor. 6th. Llurch. 7th. 
Rhyne. 8th. Eyssylt. 9th. Gurwared. 10th. Kym- 
bathwye. 11th. Lloarch. 12th. Einion. 13th. Gor- 
onwy. 14th. Rhys, cotemporary with William the 
Conqueror, and m. Margaret, granddaughter of Lord 
Gwynvey. 15th. Elider. 16th. Sir Elider Ddu, Knight 

* The employment of fixed family names or surnames originated in Fiance during 
the latter part of the tenth century. The custom was introduced into England by 
the Normans at the time of the Conquest, in 1066. Slowly adopted by the English, 
surnames did not come into use in Scotland until the twelfth century ; while in Wales 
they were much later in their adoption, and in some of the wilder districts of that 
country surnames can hardly be said to be generally employed, even at the present 
time. 



WELSH HISTORY. 6 

of the Holy Sepulchre. 17th. Philip. 18th. Philip. 
19th. Nicholas, who m. Janet, dau. and heiress of 
Gruffyd ap Llewellyn. 

20th. Gruffyd, son of Nicholas, was a turbulent char- 
acter, rich and influential, yet in continual strife with 
his neighbors and with the English authorities. At last 
King Henry sent Lord Whitney to Wales to effect his 
arrest. Gruffyd, informed of their approach and aware 
of their purpose, received him, with his accompanying 
officers, with great pomp at the Castle of Abermarlais. 
A sumptuous feast had been prepared, at which Lord 
W T hitney was so overcome with drink that Owen, a son 
of Gruffyd, succeeded in abstracting his commission 
from his pocket, and thus defeated his purpose. 

Later, Gruffyd joined the Yorkists in their war with 
the Lancastrians, and was mortally wounded at the 
battle of Mortimer's Cross, Feb., 1461. 

21st. Thomas ap Gruffyd was a different man from 
his father ; mild in his disposition and gentlemanly in 
manner. To avoid taking part in -the contests between 
the Houses of York and Lancaster, he crossed over to 
France and joined the court of the Duke of Burgundy. 
Returning later to England, he engaged in a duel with 
one David Gough, whom he killed. He was imme- 
diately treacherously killed by one of Gough's retain- 
ers. He had one dau. and three sons. Morgan and 
David, the eldest, espoused opposite sides in the wars 
of the Roses, and both perished in that desperate strug- 
gle. Rhys, or Rees, his third son, succeeded to his large 
estate after his death. 

22d. Sir Rhys ap Thomas, K.G., was b. in 1451. He 
was educated at the court of Burgundy, where he held 



4 THE THOMAS FAMILY. 

a place of honor in the duke's household. He relin- 
quished this position and returned to England with his 
father. He m., for his first wife, a dau. of Sir John 
Ellis. His second wife was Eva, only dau. of Henry ap 
Grwilyin, who was connected with the court of Henry 
VII. He acquired vast estates with her, and became 
one of the most opulent men of his times. It is said 
that he had nineteen hundred tenants, and, upon 
brief warning, could bring into the field five thousand 
armed men. He built Emlyn Castle, and enlarged 
Carew Castle, which was his favorite residence. During 
the reign of Richard III, he espoused the cause of 
Henry, Earl of Eichmond, an aspirant for the throne. 
Raising a large force in Wales, he joined the latter, 
whose army met that of King Richard on the field of 
Bosworth, Aug. 23, 1485. Richard, in the heat of battle, 
made a desperate plunge at the Earl of Richmond. 
Rhys ap Thomas, seeing the danger of his chief, 
mounted his favorite charger, and, with Sir William 
Stanley, bore down between the contestants and, Welsh 
tradition claims, slew Richard in a hand to hand con- 
test. However that may have been, Rhys was knighted 
upon the field, and many honors were subsequently 
placed upon him by Richmond when established on the 
throne as Henry VII. He was a member of the king's 
council and commissioner of the king's mines. In 
1492 he accompanied the king to France, and was fre- 
quently employed in important negotiations on the 
Continent. He d. sometime in 1527, his will having 
been published July 5, 1527. He was bu. first in the 
Church of the jGray Friars, at Carmarthen, but his 
body was later removed to St. Peter's Church, in the 



WELSH HISTORY. 5 

same town, over which is placed a richly sculptured 
marble monument, surmounted by a recumbent figure 
of Sir Rhys and his third wife, Elizabeth, dau. of Sir 
William Thomas, of Raglan Castle. By his second 
wife, Eva, he had one son, Griffith. 

23d. Griffith ap Rhys was b. in 1478. He was made 
Knight of the Order of Bath in 1501. He m., about 
1504, Katherine, dau. of Sir John St. John. He d. in 
1557, leaving one son, Rice. 

24th. Rice ap Griffith was b. in 1508, and m. a dau. 
of the Duke of Norfolk. He inherited the vast estate of 
his family. Arrogant and proud, he made many dan- 
gerous enemies. He was induced to join the great 
papal movement of that time, was arrested, charged 
with fostering a conspiracy involving the assassination 
of the king, tried, convicted, and executed, Oct. 3, 1531. 
His estate was confiscated, and thus the downfall of 
the family was complete. 

25th. Thomas ap Rice,* youngest son of Rice ap 
Griffith, was a child at the time of the fall of his father. 
He was taken back to Wales, where he grew up and oc- 
cupied lands in the parish of Ebbernant, in Caermarthen- 
shire. He m. a dau. of Philip Scidamore, and had, with 
perhaps other children, a son. 

26th. John Philip Thomas, t who inherited the lands 
of his father, and left a son. 

27th. Evan Thomas, b. about 1580. He d. in 1650. 
leaving three sons, — Captain Evan Thomas, Philip, and 



* In a communication from Rev. Lawrence Buckly Thomas, received after the 
publication of his volume, he expresses some doubt as to the proof of connection of 
Thomas, the father of John Philip, with Rice ap Griffith, yet still feels certain of the 
descent of Philip, the first emigrant to Maryland from Sir Rhys ap Thomas. 

t With John Philip the name of Thomas became a fixed family name. Previous 
to him every man was known as ap (son of J his father. 



6 THE THOMAS FAMILY. 

Rice. Philip Thomas came to the Province of Mary- 
land in 1651, with his wife, Sarah Harrison, and three 
children. Captain Evan may have been the same Evan 
Thomas who came to Boston, in 1635, as master of the 
ship " William and Francis," and settled in that place in 
1639 or 1640, with a wife and four children, and is be- 
lieved to have been the ancestor of William of Hard- 
wick. Any claim that might be made for the identity 
of these two persons rests, however, solely upon the 
correspondence in names and dates. . 

That the numerous families of Thomas of the present 
day have all sprung from this line of descent is ex- 
tremely improbable, inasmuch as there may have been, 
and undoubtedly were, many of the name of Thomas 
of no relation to one another upon the adoption of sir- 
names, each of whom would have become the head of 
a family of that name. 

THOMAS FAMILY IN AMERICA. 

The name of Thomas appears very early in the his- 
tory of this country. Nathaniel Thomas was the first 
of whom we can find any record. He came to Virginia 
in the ship " Temperance," in 1621, but fourteen years 
after the first settlement of Jamestown in that State. 
Robert and William came to the same State in the 
ship "America," in June, 1635. Another William 
Thomas arrived in July of the same year. 

Philip Thomas, the progenitor of the Maryland 
branch of the family, came from Wales in 1651. Soon 
after arriving in the country he joined the Friends, and 
many of his descendants are still members of that body. 
He was a man of much influence in the colonies, and 
his descendants are not only numerous, but have been 



THOMAS FAMILY IN AMERICA. 7 

influential in the State, and by intermarriage have be- 
come related to many prominent families in that and 
adjoining States. 

The first Thomas of whom we find records in New 
England was William Thomas, who came to this 
country about 1630, — ten years after the landing of the 
Pilgrims, — and settled at Plymouth. 

Thomas Thomas arrived in Boston on the ship "Wil- 
liam and Francis," June, 1632. John Thomas came on 
the " Hopewell," in 1635. William Thomas, of Newbury, 
came on the " Mary Ann," in 1637 ; and Evan Thomas, 
the claimed progenitor of the family of Hardwick, in 
1639 or 1610. Others of this name must have migrated 
to New England about this time, as, from Savage's 
" Genealogical Dictionary " and other sources, records 
of some thirty different families have been collected 
who lived in New England previous to 1692. (See 
Appendix.) 

While many of the families of Thomas of the present 
day have descended from these early emigrants, large 
numbers have since arrived in the country at various 
dates down to recent times. 

The Thomas family in this country has become ex- 
ceedingly numerous and widely distributed. An ex 
animation of the Directories of the principal cities of 
the country shows that few names are more frequently 
repeated than that of Thomas. The "Philadelphia City 
Directory" for 1888 contains 747 entries under this 
head ; New York, 337 ; Boston, 221 ; Baltimore, 538 ; 
Washington, 360 ; Chicago, 330 ; — giving thus a total of 
2536. From these figures we have data upon which may 
be made at least an approximate estimate of the num- 



8 THE THOMAS FAMILY. 

ber of Thomases in the United States. If the afore- 
mentioned cities, with a population of 3,396,000, give 
2536 individuals of this name, assuming that the name 
occurs with equal frequency in the remaining portion 
of the population, then the estimated 60,000,000 of the 
United States should give 44,806. Again, while a cer- 
tain number of the names in these Directories represent 
single individuals, on the other hand, a large propor- 
tion represent the heads of families, in which there may 
be a number of children. We may safely assume, there- 
fore, that the above number may be multiplied by three, 
which would give 134,418 as the living representatives 
of the family in the male line. 

The Thomas family has furnished many who have 
become distinguished in the army, church, and State, 
as well as in the several professions, both in this country 
and in the old. 

William Thomas, D.D., b. in Wales in 1613, was 
Chaplain to the Earl of Northumberland and Duke of 
York, and finally Bishop of Worcester. He was a 
writer of distinction, and died in 1689, one of the most 
prominent men in the church of his day. 

William Thomas, grandson of the latter, b. in 1670, 
also entered the church and became distinguished as a 
man of letters and as an antiquarian. 

Elizabeth Thomas, b. in 1675, was distinguished as a 
poetess. Incurring the displeasure of Pope, she was 
conspicuously placed in his satirical poem, the Dunciad. 

Anthony Leonard Thomas, b. in France in 1702, was 
a distinguished member of the French Academy, a 
college professor, and a voluminous writer of both 
poetry and prose. 



THOMAS FAMILY IN AMERICA. 9 

Isaiah Thomas, b. in 1760, educated at Cambridge, 
Eng., became prominent as a churchman and writer. 

Among those in our own country who have acquired 
distinction may be mentioned: — 

William Thomas, who settled in Plymouth in 1630, 
became a man of much influence in the colony, and for 
nine years before his death, in 1651, was assistant to 
Governor Bradford. 

John Thomas, soldier, of Marshfield, b. in 1724. He 
served as lieutenant, captain, and colonel in the French 
war ; had a command as brigadier-general at the battle 
of Bunker Hill; held Dorchester Heights in the siege 
of Boston, and after the evacuation of that city was 
made major-general and sent to take charge of military 
affairs in Canada, where he d. of small-pox, June, 1776. 

Philemon Thomas, soldier, b. in North Carolina in 
1764; served in war of Revolution ; was major-general 
of militia in 1814 ; member of Congress from 1831 to 
1835 ; d. Nov., 1847. 

Thomas Thomas, soldier, b. in New York State in 
1755 ; had command of a regiment in Revolutionary 
War ; was prisoner at one time in hands of the British ; 
member of Legislature ; d. May, 1824. 

John Addison Thomas, soldier, b. in Tennessee in 
1811 ; graduated at West Point in 1833 ; assistant pro- 
fessor at West Point ; resigned and studied and practiced 
law in New York City; Assistant Secretary of State 
under Pierce in 1855 ; d. March, 1858. 

Stephen Thomas, soldier, b. in Vermont, Dec, 1809; 
member of Legislature; colonel and, later, brigadier- 
general of volunteers in late war ; lieutenant-governor 
of Vermont in 1867. 



10 THE THOMAS FAMILY. 

Charles Thomas, soldier, b. in Pennsylvania in 1800 ; 
entered regular army in 1819 ; served in Mexican War 
and was promoted to colonelcy; assistant quartermaster- 
general in 185G and major-general in 1865; d. in 
Washington, 1878. 

Cyrus Thomas, b. in Tennessee, 1825 ; studied law and 
practiced, 18G5 ; entered ministry of Lutheran Church, 
same year. In 1869 joined scientific corps of Geological 
Survey; elected professor of natural sciences in South- 
ern Illinois University in 1873; member of scientific 
societies and contributor of numerous papers on eth- 
nology, entomology, etc. 

John J. Thomas, b. in New York, 1810 ; agriculturist, 
horticulturist, and botanist; voluminous writer on all 
these subjects; associate editor of Genesee Farmer, 
Country Gentleman, and Albany Cultivator. 

Joseph Thomas, M.D., b. in New York in 1811 ; brother 
of latter; educated in Yale; professor of Latin and 
Greek in Haverford College, Pa. ; author of " Gazetteer 
of the United States," "Medical Dictionary," and "Bio- 
graphical Dictionary." 

David Thomas, manufacturer, b. in Wales in 1794 ; 
came to United States in 1839, and engaged in iron 
manufacture in Pennsylvania and became the head of 
the largest anthracite blast-furnaces in the country. 
He was the first person in the world to employ powerful 
blowing engines in working of blast-furnaces; d. 1882. 

George H. Thomas, major-general, b. in Virginia in 
1816 ; educated at West Point ; served in Indian War in 
Florida, in Mexican War, and was the hero of many 
battles in the war of the Rebellion ; d. and bur. at Troy 
N. Y., April, 1870. 



THOMAS FAMILY IN AMERICA. 11 

Henry Goddard Thomas, soldier, b. in Portland, 
Me., April, 1837 ; enlisted as private at outbreak of war 
of the Rebellion ; rose to captain and colonel ; organized 
and commanded first colored regiment put in service ; 
brevet ted brigadier- and major-general of volunteers for 
services during the war. 

William Widgery Thomas, diplomatist, brother of 
the latter, b. in Portland, Me., Aug., 1839 ; graduated at 
Bowdoin College; studied law; vice-consul at Galatz, 
Moldavia, in 18G2 ; United States Consul to Gottenburg, 
Sweden, to 1865 ; member of both houses of legislature 
of Maine ; United States Minister to Sweden and Nor- 
way, 18S3 ; re-appointed by President Harrison, 1889. 

Sir George Thomas, b. in England; governor of 
Pennsylvania from 1738 to 1747 ; afterward governer of 
Carribee Islands ; d. in London in 1775. 

James Thomas, M.D., governor of Maryland, b. March, 
1785 ; graduated in medicine in 1807 ; member of State 
Senate, and governor 1833-6 ; d. Dec, 1845. 

Francis Thomas, governor of Maryland, b. Feb., 1799 ; 
graduate of St. John's College ; studied and practiced 
law ; member of State Legislature and of Congress from 
1831-41 and from 1861-69 ; elected governor in 1841 ; 
minister to Peru in 1872 ; killed by locomotive, while 
walking on the track, Jan., 1876. 

Philip Francis Thomas, governor of Maryland, b. 
Sept., 1810 ; admitted to the bar in 1831 ; member of 
State Legislature in 1838 ; member of Congress, 1839 ; 
governor of Maryland 1848-51 ; Secretary of Treasury 
under Buchanan, following Howell Cobb, in 1860 ; d. 
Oct. 2, 1890. 

John Thomas, M.D., b. in Plymouth, Mass., April, 



12 THE THOMAS FAMILY. 

1758 ; served as surgeon during whole of Revolutionary 
War ; after the war, removed to Poughkeepsie, N. Y., 
where he d. in 1818 ; was distinguished as a physician 
and for his wit and social qualities. 

Elisha Smith Thomas, D.D., b. in Massachusetts, 
March, 1834; assistant bishop in P. E. Church for 
Kansas. 

Robeet Haepee Thomas, journalist, b. in Philadel- 
phia, Jan., 1834 ; editor of Independent Journal, Meehan- 
icsburg, Pa. ; commissioner from Pennsylvania to New 
Orleans Exhibition in 1884-5 and to exposition in 
London in 1887. 

Robeet Baily Thomas, editor, b. in West Boylston, 
Mass., in 1766 ; especially distinguished for his Farmer's 
Almanac (Boston, 1793 to present time), which from its 
popularity attained circulation of 225,000 ; d. May, 1844. 

Heney W. Thomas, jurist, b. in Virginia, about 1812; 
was a leading lawyer of Northern Virginia for half a 
century ; was a member of the commission that visited 
President Lincoln in 1861 with the view of averting 
hostilities ; during the war was second auditor of the 
State ; after the war he was a member of the Court of 
Conciliation ; later, judge of Circuit Court, and still later 
lieutenant-governor ; he d. Jan. £2, 1890. 

Theodoee GtAillaed Thomas, M.D., b. in South Caro- 
lina, Nov., 1831 ; distinguished specialist in diseases of 
women and author of standard medical works. 

Seth Thomas, clock-maker, b. in Connecticut, Dec, 
1816; continued the business of his father (Seth 
Thomas, b. 1786, d. 1859) ; distributed his clocks to all 
parts of the world, including China and Japan; d. 
April, 1888. 



THOMAS FAMILY IN AMERICA. 13 

Abel C. Thomas, b. in Pennsylvania, 1807 ; noted 
Universalis! preacher and author of numerous contro- 
versial and other works ; d. in 1880. 

Edith Matilda Thomas, author, b. in Chatham, 0., 
Aug., 1854. She has been a large contributor of poetry 
to periodicals, and has published several volumes of 
poetry. 

Isaiah Thomas, LL.D., printer, patriot, editor, author, 
philanthropist, b. in Boston, Mass., Jan. 19, 1749 ; pub- 
lished the Massachusetts Spy, started in Boston, 1770, 
and removed to Worcester a few days before the battle 
of Lexington, where it is still published ; had a book- 
store and publishing house in Boston; founded the 
Antiquarian Society of Worcester ; published the Mas- 
sachusetts Magazine and New England Almanac ; author 
of " History of Printing," in two volumes ; d. in Wor- 
cester, April 4, 1831. 

Benjamin Franklin Thomas, LL.D., jurist, grandson 
of Isaiah, b. in Boston, Feb. 12, 1813; studied law; 
member of the Legislature in 1842 ; presidential elector 
in 1848; he was Judge of Supreme Court of Massa- 
chusetts from 1853 to 1859; member of Congress in 
1861 ; d. in Salem, Mass., Sept. 27, 1878. 

Ebenezer Smith Thomas, journalist, nephew of Isaiah, 
with whom he learned printing, b. in Lancaster, Mass., 
Jan., 1780 ; settled in Charleston, N. C, in 1795 ; 
edited the City Gazette from 1810 to 1816, when he 
moved to Baltimore ; member of Legislature in 1818 ; 
moved to Cincinnati, O., in 1829, where he edited the 
Daily Advertiser until 1835, and then the Evening Post 
till 1839; author of "Reminiscences of the Last Sixty 
Years, with Sketch of His Own Life and Times," two 



14 THE THOMAS FAMILY. 

volumes, and " Reminiscences of South Carolina," two 
volumes ; d. in Cincinnati, Aug., 1844. 

Frederick William Thomas, journalist, son of latter, 
b. in Charleston, S. C, in 1811 ; studied law in Balti- 
more ; admitted to the bar in 1828 ; removed to Cincin- 
nati in 1830, and assisted his father in editing the 
Advertiser and Evening Post; in 1850 entered the 
ministry of the M. E. Church; later, professor of 
rhetoric and literature in the University of Alabama ; 
in I860 took charge of the literary department of the 
Richmond Inquirer; was a successful lecturer, and took 
part in politics ; was author of many magazine articles 
in prose and verse, and of several novels, and of sketches 
of prominent historical characters ; d. in Washington, 
Sept., 1866. . 

Lewis Foulke Thomas, poet, brother of latter, b. in 
Baltimore in 1815 ; studied law and assisted his brother 
in editorial work ; he edited the Daily Herald, of Louis- 
ville, Ky.; was author of " Inda" and other poems, and 
of two tragedies, "Osceola" and "Cortez, the Con- 
queror ;" d. in Washington, Sept., 1868. 

Martha McCannon Thomas, author, sister of latter, 
b. in Maryland, Nov., 1823 ; author of " Life's Lessons," 
1846, and "Captain Phil, a Story of the Civil War," 
1882. 

Mary von Eden Thomas, author, sister of the latter, b. 
in Charleston, Dec, 1825 ; has been a computer in the 
United States Coast and Geodetic Survey in Washing- 
ton, D. C, since 1854 ; author of a novel, " Winning 
the Battle." 

Jesse Burgess Thomas, senator, b. in Hagerstown, 
Md., 1777 ; studied law and settled in Indiana in 1S03 ; 



THOMAS FAMILY IN AMERICA. 15 

member of the Territorial Legislature and Speaker of 
the House in 1805-8; delegate to Congress 1808-9; 
Judge of U. S. Court in 1809 ; was president of the con- 
vention that framed the State Constitution, 1818; elected 
XL S. Senator same year; in 1820 introduced the "Mis- 
souri Compromise" and secured its adoption; about 
1S10 moved to Mount Vernon, 0., where he committed 
suicide. 

Jesse Burgess Thomas, D.D., grand-nephew of the 
former, clergyman, b. in Illinois, July, 1832; studied 
theology in Rochester Theological Seminary; entered 
the Baptist ministry in 1862 ; pastor, at different times, 
of Baptist churches in Illinois, Brooklyn, N. Y., and 
San Francisco, Cal. ; professor in Theological Seminary 
of Newton Centre, Mass., 1887. 

The Thomas family has furnished four governors to 
States, besides many State legislators and members of 
Congress and one foreign minister. Two hundred and 
twenty-eight of this name are now members of the 
medical profession in the United States ;* about 100 are 
members of the bar,t and 152 are clergymen in different 
denominations.! 

It would appear that the members of the Thomas 
family in their church connections are largely Baptist. 
This fact may be attributed, partly at least, to the 
circumstance of their Welsh origin. The rigorous per- 
secutions of the early Baptists in England drove many 
of them into Wales, where the doctrine took a strong 
hold upon the people, and where, from their isolated 

* Polk's Directory of the Physicians of the United States for 1889. 

t Martindale's American Law Directory for 1888. 

J Baptist clergymen, 65; Methodist, 47; Presbyterian, 17 ; Congregational, 15; 
Episcopalian, 8. These figures have been obtained from the several denominational 
year books. 



16 THE THOMAS FAMILY. 

position, they were less annoyed by persecution. Here 
Baptist churches began to spring up soon after the Refor- 
mation. Rev. William Thomas, educated at Oxford, 
organized a Baptist church at Llanfranches, and com- 
menced to preach as early as 1631. Several Baptist 
clergymen of this name appeared soon after. Howell 
Thomas and Joshua Thomas commenced to preach in 
1646, and Lewis Thomas in 1660. Between this date 
and the early part of the following century, appeared 
the names of Revs. David Thomas, Timothy Thomas, 
Griffith Thomas, John Thomas, Zecharias Thomas, 
George Thomas, and Morgan Thomas, — all Baptist 
clergymen. Rev. John Thomas came to America and 
settled in Pennsylvania early in the last century, and 
the Rev. David Thomas settled in Virginia in 1762.* 



History of Welsh Baptists, by J. Davis. 



THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 



TRADITIONAL HISTORY 



-I trace thy tale 



To the dim past, where records fail." 

While the parentage and early history of William 
Thomas of Hardwick cannot be authoritatively given, 
there are certain facts and traditions throwing much 
light upon the subject which must here receive full 
consideration. 

The Rev. Lucius R. Paige, the historian of Hard- 
wick, says, in a communication to the writer: "I feel 
there is a strong probability that William of Hardwick 
was the son of William of Newton." 

We are told in Jackson's " History of Newton, 
Mass.," that a William Thomas settled in that town as 
early as 1687; but from whence he came or who were 
his parents no mention is made. From a deposition, 
dated Apr. 24, 1690, record of which was found in the 
court-house of Cambridge, William Thomas is described 
as 34 years old at that time; and, having d. in Dec, 
1697, aged 41, he must have been b. in 1656. He m. 
for his 1st wife Elizabeth (date of mar. unknown), widow 

1st of Mark Woods and 2d of Stratton. Thus 

it appears that she had been twice m. before she be- 
came Mrs. Thomas. To them a son, William, was b. 
Aug. 31, 1687. 

A strong point in establishing the identity of Wil- 
liam, Jr., of Newton and William of Hardwick is the 
correspondence in their ages. William of Hardwick 

2 (17) 



18 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

d. May 22, 1747, aged 60. This would have made the 
date of his birth in 1687, — the year of birth of William, 
Jr., of Newton. Then, again, the records of some thirty 
New England families of the name of Thomas, previous 
to 1692, found in Savage's ""Genealogical Dictionary of 
New England," give no other William b. in that year. 

Elizabeth, the wife of William Thomas of Newton, 
must have died previous to 1695, as in that year he m. his 
second wife, Ann Lovering, widow of Samuel Lovering, 
of Watertown, Mass., and by whom he had one child, 
Joanna, b. Oct. 28, 1697, and who d. in infancy. 

The will of William Thomas, on record in Cambridge, 
bears the date of Dec. 13, 1697, the month in which he 
died. It provides that the whole of his estate should go 
to his wife during her life-time, after which his son Wil- 
liam was to have the whole. 

The records further show that on "Apr. 11, 1698, 
before Hon. James Hussell, Esq., Thomas Prentice, Sr., 
and James Trowbridge, then appearing, satisfied the 
Judge of Probate, the said James Russell, Esq., that the 
widow, Ann Thomas, doth refuse to administer on her 
late husband's, William Thomas, estate, and also testified 
that there is but one child, a son of about 9 or 10 years 
of age, and that they judge there will be little or no 
estate left when the debts and necessary expenses are 
discharged. Whereupon Nathaniel Hancock was ap- 
pointed guardian of William Thomas, son of William 
Thomas deceased."* 

Again, traditions in the family of Dr. William Thomas, 
of West Brookfield, Mass., a descendant of William of 
Hardwjck, point unmistakably to a relationship between 
his family and that of Isaiah Thomas, LE.D., the patriot, 
printer, author, publisher, and philanthropist. It has 

* Copy of above records was furnished by Rev. L. R. Paige, of Cambridge. 



TEADITIONAL HISTORY. 19 

been handed down that there were prominent and 
wealthy relatives in Boston whom the doctor was ac- 
customed to visit, and that these relations made animal 
visits during the hunting season to Brookfield. It was 
on the occasion of one of these visits of relatives that 
the site for the doctor's new home, erected in 1783, was 
suggested. (See sketch of Dr. William Thomas.) These 
traditions are common among all the descendants of Dr. 
William. 

Finally, in Aug., 1890, the writer met Mrs. Pauline 
Gale, of Montvale, Mass., a granddaughter of Dr. Wil- 
liam, aged 79, who related to him that she could dis- 
tinctly remember, when a child, listening to the recital by 
Isaiah Thomas of the relationship of his family with hers. 
This occurred in the family of Samuel Beals Thomas, 
then keeper of the Exchange Hotel in Worcester, where 
Isaiah Thomas then resided. It has been impossible, 
however, to confirm these traditions by any authentic 
records.* 

Benjamin Franklin Thomas, in his memoir of his 
grandfather, Isaiah, tells us that it is a tradition of the 
family that Evan Thomas, who first came to Boston in 
1635 as master of the ship " William and Francis," and 
in 1639 or 1640 brought his family over and settled in 
this place, was the progenitor of their family in America. 
Evan Thomas was a successful wine-merchant, and evi- 
dently did a profitable business in his line. He brought 
with him to Boston a wife and four children, and at least 
two more were born in this country. Evan d. Aug. 25, 

* Mrs. Gale, in her recollections of Isaiah Thomas, says:'" Isaiah Thomas 
was of a very decided disposition, and, like many others, fond of his own way. 
His opinions were always given promptly and to the point, an instance of which I 
recall. At the time we commenced the study of French at the finishing school of 
the Misses Earle, at Leicester, his granddaughter, who was also a member of the 
school, desired to join us in that study, and wrote to ask his consent. He re- 
plied, ' No ; one tongue is enough for a woman.' " 



20 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

1661, at what age is unknown. One of his sons, George, 
by his wife Rebecca, had three sons, — Peter, b. Feb. 1, 
1682; George, b. March 6, 1685; and Maverick, b. 
March 19, 1694. Peter, the eldest son, m. Elizabeth 
Burroughs, a dau. of the Rev. George Burroughs, who, on 
Aug. 19, 1692, was hung at Salem as a witch. The only 
evidence of his guilt consisted in the fact that, though of 
rather small stature and frame, he had remarkable 
physical strength. The thorough research of Mr. Upton, 
however, leaves him, as a man and Christian minister, 
without stain or reproach. 

Peter was a merchant, and successful in business. He 
had four sons,— George, Peter, Elias, and Moses. 

Moses, the youngest, was at various times a soldier, 
mariner, trader, farmer, and school- teacher. He m. 
Fidelity Grant at Hamstead, L. I., where he was teach- 
ing school. Two children were b. there, and three more 
after their return to Boston. Not succeeding there in 
business, leaving his family in Boston, he went to North 
Carolina, where he d. in 1752. 

Isaiah Thomas, LL.D., the youngest son of Moses 
and Fidelity, was b. in Boston, Jan. 19, 1749, five years 
after the birth of Dr. William, grandson of William of 
Hardwick, and with whom Isaiah claimed relationship. 

The line of descent of Isaiah Thomas is, therefore, as 
follows: Evan, d. 1661 ; George, b. about 1640; Peter, 
b. 1682; Moses, b. 1712; Isaiah, b. 1749. 

Accepting the tradition that the Thomas family of 
Hardwick was related to that of Isaiah, the problem 
then becomes : When traced back, where do the two 
families unite 1 The problem is in no way changed, nor 
the difficulty lessened or increased, by accepting at the 
same time the view of Mr. Paige, that William of Hard- 
wick was the son of William of Newton. 



TEADITIONAL HISTOKY. 21 

By referring' again to George, the son of Evan, we 
observe an interval of nine years between the births of 
his sons George and Maverick. It will be admitted 
that during that period — 1685 to 1694 — another son 
might have been b., and that son might have been 
William of Hardwick, b. 1687. In this case William 
of Newton is thrown out entirely. But it appears to us 
that the probabilities of William of Newton having been 
the father of William of Hardwick are too strong to be 
thrown aside. Accepting his right to a position in the 
line, then it would seem more probable that William of 
Newton was a brother of the first George and a son of 
Evan, — not an unreasonable supposition, as the latter is 
known to have had other children. This will be made 
more plain by placing the two families in parallel lines. 
Thus, on the first theory : — 

b. 1600, ^ 

_ ' ,,,„,„ I Peter, 3 b. 1682 ; Moses, 4 b. 1712; Isaiah, 5 b. 1749. 

Evan, 1 Geo., 2 b. 1610, Y 

, , ' I Wm. of Hdk, 3 b. 1687 ; Amos, 4 b. 1707 ; Dr. Win, 5 b. 1743. 

a. lobl. J 

This scheme leaves William of Newton out of con- 
sideration, and his son, William, b. the same year as 
W T illiam of Hardwick, unaccounted for. On this plan 
also the grandparents of Isaiah and Dr. William would 
have been brothers. 

On the other hand, admitting the claims of William 
of Newton, then we have : — 

b. 1600, i 

_, ' George, 2 b. 1640 ; Peter, 3 b. 1682 ; Moses, 4 b. 1702 ; Isaiah,' b. 1749. 

Evan, 1 Y 

, , J. Wm. of N, 2 b. 1656 ; Wm. of H , 3 b. 1687 : Amos, 4 b. 1707 ; Dr. Win., 5 b. 1743. 
d. 1661. J 

In this case William of Hardwick and Peter would 
have been cousins instead of brothers, as in the former. 
In either case Evan Thomas would have been the pro- 
genitor of the families of both William of Hardwick 
and Isaiah Thomas. Should authentic records ever be 
discovered, we believe they will substantiate one or the 
other of these theories. 



THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

AUTHENTIC HISTORY. 

FIRST GENERATION. 

" That life is long wliicli answers life's great end." — Young. 

William Thomas, 1 the progenitor of the family of 
Hardwick, accepting the claim of the previous chapter, 
was a son of William Thomas and grandson of Evan 
Thomas, who came from Wales in 1639 or '40, and 
was h. in Newton, Mass., Aug. 31, 1687. His father, 
William Thomas, having d. in 1697, when William, Jr., 
was about 11 years old, Nathaniel Hancock was 
appointed his guardian. Nothing is known of his history 
from that time until his settlement in Hardwick, some 
time previous to Hoc, 1732, at which date he is known 
to have had a house erected and to have been living 
therein with his family. He is considered by Mr. Paige 
as one of the earliest, if not the very earliest, white 
inhabitant of Hardwick. 

The town of Hardwick, Mass., was formed from a 
portion of a tract of land 8 by 12 miles square, purchased 
from the Indians in 1686 for the sum of <£20. No 
effort was made to settle this tract for many years. In 
1726 the heirs of the original proprietors petitioned the 
courts for a legal recognition of their claims. After five 
years' delay, in June, 1732, they succeeded in acquiring 
a title to a tract 6 miles square, including but about one- 
third of the original purchase. Immediately following 
this, inducements were offered by the proprietors for 
(22) 



FIEST GENEKATION. 23 

settlers to enter, and as early as Dec. 13, 1732, William 
Thomas had erected a house and was living- in the town. 

In Dec, 1733, the proprietors and first settlers made 
a division among themselves by lot of certain tracts into 
which a portion of the town had been divided, William 
Thomas drawing lOi acres, located between the present 
villages of Gilbertville and Furnace. On this farm he 
lived until his death, in May, 1747. 

The town thus formed was first known as Lambstown, 
from Joshua Lamb, one of the original purchasers from 
the Indians. Upon its incorporation, in 1738, the name 
was changed to Hardwick, in compliment to Lord 
Hardwick, an English nobleman.* 

William Thomas was at this time elected one of the 
first Board of Selectmen. 

The first church in Hardwick was organized in 1736 ; 
but previous to that time, there being no public place of 
worship, the house of William Thomas was used for that 
purpose. On his farm, also, was located the first place 
of burial, f As this was only a private burial place for 
the family and probably a few of the earlier settlers, after 
the sale of the farm in 1749 and its passing out of the 
possession of the Thomas family, all trace of graves 
became gradually effaced and all knowledge of the 
matter became mere tradition. However, in 1871, 
during the construction of the Ware River Railroad, 
which passed through this farm, the original site of the 
grounds was discovered by the exposure of a number of 
skeletons, of both children and adults. The coffins of 
some of these were sufficiently preserved to show that 

* Philip York Hardwick was born at Dover, England, Dec. 1, 1600. He was 
an eminent lawyer, and made Attorney-General in 17:24. In ]!'■'>'■'> In- was blade 
Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and Lord Chancellor in 1736. 

, f This place of burial was on a gravelly knoll, but a few rods to the southeast 
of the buildings, and was largely cut away in the excavations lor the railroad. 



24 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

they had been made of slabs or plank split out of logs, 
indicating that the burial had been made at a time when 
saw-mills and lumber were necessarily scarce. After due 
inspection by the town authorities, the remains were placed 
together in a box and re-buried in the same grounds. 

William Thomas was undoubtedly bur. in these 
grounds, and his remains, very likely, were included in 
those exhumed at this time.* 

William Thomas m. 1st Patience. Date of mar. un- 
known, but probably not later than the early part of 
1707, and before he was 21. But one of his children — 
Israel, the youngest — could have been b. in Hardwick, 
as Mary, next to the youngest, was b. in 1731, the year 
before he is supposed to have come to the latter place. 
Patience, his wife, cl. Oct., 17-46, and he m. 2d Susanna 
Stow, published April 11, 1747.f 

At his death, William Thomas, for those times, left a 
comparatively large estate, as indicated by the following- 
documents, found on record at the court-house at 
Worcester J : — 

Worcester, July 7, 1747. 
Amos Thomas, Administrator, presented an appraisement, and made oath 
that it contained a full inventory of the estate of William Thomas, late of 
Hardwick, so far as hath come to his knowledge ; and, if anything more should 
appear, he will add the same. 

Sworn before J. Chandler, 

Judge of Probate. 

* Mrs. Moses Smith, the present owner, and for many years resident on this 
place, relates that, in 1844, upon tearing down the chimney of a house that was 
burned on the place in 1810, in removing a flat stone, forming a portion of the 
kitchen-hearth, the underside revealed the initial letters, W. T.,cut in the stone. 
It is quite probable that this stone was from the old graveyard, and, very possibly, 
from the grave of William Thomas. 

t Mr. Paige says that, as he died May 22, 1747, the marriage was probably 
not consummated ; but good evidence that it was is found in the fact that his son 
Amos, in his bill of charges for settling the estate, enters the following : — 
" To cash paid to E. G. Whitman for taking the acknowledgement of my mother's 
quit claim, 4s." 

J These documents were copied from records on file at the court-house in 
Worcester by Mrs. Hattie E. Kuowlton, of Westboro, Mass. 



FIRST GENERATION. 25 

This inventory, as recorded, runs as follows : — 

A true inventory of all and singular, the goods, chattels, and credits of 
William Thomas of Hardwick, aforesaid, June 19, 1747, made by Messrs. 
Joseph Allen, Constant Merrick, and Jonathan Warner, as follows : — 

Imprimis. £ s. d. 

To his wearing- apparel 14 08 00 

" Beds and bedding 24 17 00 

" Cloth and yarn 11 04 09 

" Powder and lead 14 00 

" Gunpowder-horns and belts 06 10 00 

" Sickle 01 00 

" Razor, brass warming-pan, and kettle 9 15 00 

" Iron ware, cart-wheels, and tire 18 16 00 

" Spectacles, 5s., horn combs, 2s. 6d 07 06 

" Foot-wheel 15 00 

" Wooden ware 1 14 00 

" Pewter 2 01 00 

" Flax 2 14 00 

" Sheep's wool 11 01 00 

" Hetcheled tow 08 00 

" Live-stock 84 03 00 

" Sundry books 2 02 00 

" Saddle and bridle 3 14 00 

" Knives and forks 18 00 

" Grain and meal 6 18 03 

" Plow and irons 3 10 00 

" Bags 04 00 

" Geese feathers 5 12 06 

" Wool-cards 03 00 

" House and homestead 1400 00 00 

Total £1606 01 00 

Joseph Allen, ) 

Constant Merrick, > Appraisers. 

Jonathan Warner, ) 

This appraisement of the real estate was evidently not 
satisfactory to Amos, the eldest son and administrator, 
who desired to arrange with the rest of the heirs and 
become possessor of the farm ; and, as .£14:00 would be 
at the rate of about $70 per acre, this was certainly a 
high valuation for the rough and stony hills of Hard- 
wick at that early day. In evidence of this dissatisfac- 
tion, we find on record that by a decree of court a new 



26 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

appraisement was ordered, the same to be made by 
" Benjamin Ruggles and Samuel Robinson, gentlemen; 
and Christopher Paige, Joseph Warner, and Samuel 
Whitcomb, yeomen." This decree bears date of " Feb. 
9th, in the 22d year of His Majesty's reign, a.d. 17-L8." 

On the 15th of Feb. following, these "gentlemen" 
and " yeomen " re-appraised the real estate at £425, be- 
ing at the rate of about $21 per acre. On the 19th of 
Apr., 1748, the same "made oath to the just and 
impartial appraisement of the real estate of William 
Thomas, late of Hardwick, deceased," before Josiah Con- 
verse, Justice of Peace. The recorded deed given to 
Amos Thomas recites, as a condition, that he should pay 
to each of the heirs the sum of £-12 10s. 

In the absence of other sources of information, from 
this inventory and from the few facts given us by Mr. 
Paige, we may make a reasonable estimate of the char- 
acter of William Thomas. From his position on the 
Board of Selectmen, with the circumstance of his house 
having been for four years a place of public worship, we 
may conclude that he was a man of position and influ- 
ence in the town. He was manifestly a man of energy, 
industry, and thrift. The shiftless, careless farmer of 
those times, with so large a family, could scarcely have 
accumulated what this inventory reveals. He was evi- 
dently well clad, and the J624 17s. in beds and bedding, 
with the hrass warming-jpan, are suggestive items in the 
list of household goods. 

Had we been given the titles of the volumes contained 
in the item of " sundry books," it would have made an 
interesting revelation of the character of his reading. 
We may imagine the collection to have included, in 
addition to the Bible and Psalm-book, a copy, perhaps, 
of " Pilgrim's Progress," Foxe's " Book of Martyrs," and 



FIRST GENEEATION. 27 

possibly some of the works of Increase and Cotton Mather 
on " Witchcraft," which were published during- his day. 
Of works of fiction, there were at that time practically 
none, as both Richardson and Fielding-, the earliest Eng- 
lish novelists, did not commence to publish until about 
the time of or after the death of William Thomas. Of 
newspapers, also, those potent factors in the education 
of the people of the present day, he could have seen but 
very little.* 

It is not, however, reading alone that forms the char- 
acter and develops the man ; and, whatever may have 
been the scholastic training of William Thomas, his 
courage in seeking a home for himself and family in the 
primeval forest, scarcely yet forsaken by the treacherous 
savage ;f his overcoming the numerous obstacles of the 
pioneer in an unbroken wilderness, and his success in 
surrounding himself and family with so many of the com- 
forts as well as the essentials of life, evinces an amount 
of self-reliance, of enterprise and force of character that 
would have been but little aided by the study of alge- 
braic equations or the construction of dead languages. 

The life of William Thomas commenced far back in 
the early history of this country. He was born (1687) 

* The first newspaper in America, The Boston News Letter, did not appear 
until 1704, and, at the time of William Thomas's death, in 1747, but six were in 
existence in the entire country : The Boston Gazette, started in 1719 ; The Penn- 
sylvania Gazette, Philadelphia. 1729, by Benjamin Franklin; The Evening Post, 
Boston, 1731 ; The Weddy Journal, N. T., 1733 ; The Virginia Gazette, 1736, and 
The Maryland Gazette, 1745. — History of Printing, by Isaiah Thomas. 

f The last molestation of the whites in that section of the country by the In- 
dians occurred near Hardwick, about 1731 or 1732. Captain Warner had in- 
curred the displeasure of an Indian. One day, while in the forest with his 
musket, he discovered this. Indian, who, with his gun in hand, stepped behind a 
tree. The captain dropped behind a log, and, resorting to a common stratagem, 
placed his hat on a stick and cautiously raised it above the log as if to recon- 
noitre. Almost instantly a bullet passed through it. Springing to his feet, the 
Indian was seen rushing forward with scalping-knife in hand ; but his race was 
soon ended, and his body consigned to a pond near by.— Paige's History of 
Hardwick. 



28 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWICK. 

during - the reign of William and Mary, sovereigns of 
England, and liis life extended through the reign of 
Queen Ann and twenty-two years into the reign of 
George I. Milton died hut a few years before his birth, 
and John Bunyan the year following. He was contem- 
porary with Cowper, Dryden, Pope, Sir Isaac Newton, 
Steele, Addison, Fielding, and Smollett, — that galaxy 
of literary worthies that distinguished the reign of 
Queen Ann. Franklin, Washington, Lafayette, Samuel 
Johnson, and Oliver Goldsmith were not born until 
many years after William Thomas. Indeed, he was old 
enough to have been the father of each of these, and 
might have been the grandfather of Napoleon Bona- 
parte. New York City was but a small village, and 
had just passed from the control of the Dutch to that of 
the English. Philadelphia was but six years old at his 
birth, and, with the exception of a few scattering settle- 
ments alons? the Atlantic and Gulf coasts, our whole 
country was one unbroken wilderness. 

It is a curious and interesting fact that, notwithstand- 
ing this long lapse of time, one intervening personal link 
connected William Thomas of the dead past with the 
living present ; Amos Thomas, 3 " the Patriarch," many 
of the grandchildren of whom are still living and who 
remember him well, had seen William, his grandfather, 
thus uniting that distant point with the present, — a 
period of over two hundred years. 

William Thomas 1 d. May 22, 1747. He had ten 
children — five sons and five daughters : — 

2. Amos Thomas, b. 1707; m. Abigail ; d. July 31, 1754, and had 

issue. 

3. Zerviah Thomas, b. 1709 ; m. 1st Samuel Marsh, 2d Isaiah Pratt, and 

had issue. 

4. Temperance Thomas, b. ; m. Edmund Jordan Mar. 12, 1734, and 

had issue. 



FIKST GENEEATION. 29 

5. Hannah Thomas, b. ; m. Josiah Glazier Nov. 8, 1T3S, and had 

issue. 

6. Elizabeth Thomas, b. ; m. Edmund Grover ; nfr. 

7. Daniel Thomas, b. . 

8. Nathan Thomas, b. ; m. Hepzibah and had issue. 

9. Aaron Thomas, b. 1728 ; m. Elizabeth Marvill Jan. 27, 1749 or '50; nfr. 

10. Mart Thomas, b. Mar. 3, 1731 ; probably d. young. 

11. Israel Thomas, b. Aug. 17, 1735; d. at Dana, Mass., 1821, aged 86, 

and had issue. 



SECOND GENERATION. 



-All that tread 



The globe are but a handful to the tribes 
That slumber in its bosom." — Bryant. 

2. Amos Thomas 2 (son of William 1 ) was b. in 1707. 
Place of birth unknown. lie probably came to Hard- 
wick with bis father, William Thomas, in 173*2 or soon 

after. He m. Abigail about 1736. He was made 

administrator of bis father's estate at his death in 1747, 
and, having paid the other heirs each £42 10s., the old 
homestead came into his possession in 1748. In the fol- 
lowing year, however, he sold this place. He lived on a 
farm about half a mile south of his father's place on the 
road to Gilbertville, where he d. July 31, 1754, aged 
47. lie was probably buried on the old homestead, and 
his remains disinterred with those of others in 1871 in 
the construction of the AVare River Railroad. 

He had ten children : — 

12. Elizabeth Thomas, b. July 4, 1738. 

13. William Thomas, b. Sept, 18, 1739; d. young. 

11. Abigail Thomas, b. Mar. 3, 1711 ; m. Major Samuel Beals July 31, 1 767. 
He was Deputy Quartermaster-General in General Warren's di- 
vision in 1787, with the rank of Major. He adopted Beals Thomas, 
a. nephew of his wife and son of Amos, 3 who inherited the greater 
part of his estate. She d. May 6, 1813, aged 72. He d. Nov. 21, 
1827, aged 81, having m. a second time. No issue. 

15 Olive Thomas, b. Dec. 1, 1712; d. young. 

10. William Thomas, M.D., b. Aug. G, 1713; m. Abiel Collins; d. Mar. 2, 
L805, and had nine children. 

17. Amos Thomas, b. Apr. 6, 17.46; m. Eunice Bangs; d. Apr. 29, 1831, 

aged 85, and had fifteen children. 

18. Joseph Thomas, b. May 24, 1748; m. Mary Billings Mar. 17, 1774; d. 

Mar. 9, 1811, aged 93 ; had five children. 

19. Daniel Thomas, b. May 5, 1750; m. Mercy Bartlett ; d. after 

L824; had seven children. 

20. Mercy Thomas, b. Apr. 6, 1752 ; m. Luke Bonney Nov. 5, 1772; nfr. 

21. Isaac Thomas, b. July 13, 1754; d. Dec. 18, 1755. 

(30) 



SECOND GENERATION. 31 

3. Zeryiaii Thomas 2 (dan. of William 1 ) was b. 1709. 
She m. 1st Samuel Marsh, son of Samuel Marsh and 
Mary Trumbull, Jan. 18, 1731-32. 

They had nine children : — 

22. Eunice Marsh, b. Jan. 15, 1733 ; d. young; probably the first white 

child b. in Hardwick. 

23. Amos Marsh, b. Nov. 15, 1733 ; m. Beulah Leonard, probably July 16, 

1757, and had two children. 
21. Mary Marsh, b. June 13, 1735; m. Solomon Emmons Jan. 31, 1751; nfr. 
25. Eunice Marsh, b. Nov. 20, 1737. 
26 Patience Marsh, b. July 20, 1710: m. Henry Gilbert Apr. 5, 1764 : nfr. 

27. Thankful and 

28. Submit Marsh (twins), b. Feb. 1, 1741. 

29. Miriam Marsh, b. Jan. IS, 1743. 

30. Samuel Marsh, b. Feb. 18, 1744. 

Samuel Marsh, the father, d. in 1745, and his wile 
Zerviah m. 2d Isaiah Pratt Mar. 2, 1746. He was a 
soldier in the French War, and d. while in service, Oct. 
20, 1756. His wife d. April 18, 1798, aged 89. 

They had two children : — 

31. Bathsheba Pratt, b. Jan. 30, 1747. 

32. Temperance Pratt, b. Aug. 7, 1750; d. unm. Dec. 17, 1814. 

4. Temperance Thomas 2 (dau. of William 1 ), date of 
birth unknown ; m. Edmund Jordan, Mar. 12, 1734, who 
was a corporal in the army in the French War, and d. 
while on a campaign, Nov. 18, 1756, aged 45. 

They had eight children : — 

33. Elizabeth Jordan, b. April 27, 1735; m. John Mellard, pub. April 

19, 1761 ; nfr. 
31. William Jordan, b. Dec. 13, 1737. 

35. Submit Jordan, b. April 19, 1710; m. David Hastings, pub. July 22, 

1746, and had issue. 

36. Mary Jordan, b. Dec. 23, 1743. 

37. Sarah Jordan, b. Aug. 13, 1746; d. Oct. 25, 1746. 

38. Sarah Jordan, b. July 21, 1718; d. unm. March 24, 1771. 

39. Eleazar Jordan, b. March 2, 1750. 

40. Meites (a son) Jordan, b. May 1, 1752. 

5. Hannah Thomas 2 (dau. of William 1 ), date of birth 



32 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWICK. 

unknown; m. Isaiah Glazier Nov. 8, 1738, and d. Jan. 
20, 1759. 

They had ten children : — 

41. Thankful Glazier (twin), b. Aug. 8, 1739; d. } r oung. 

42. Submit Glazier (twin), b. Aug. 8, 1739 ; m. Elisha Gilbert, of Oakham, 

Nov. 26, 1768 ; nfr. 

43. David Glazier, b. March 1, 1741 ; m. Sarah Pratt, relict of Ezekiel 

Pratt, Feb. 6, 1766; had two children. 
44 Olive Glazier, b. March 16, 1744. 

45. Joseph and 

46. Benjamin Glazier (twins), b. Jan. 31, 1745. 

47. Thankful Glazier, b. March 10, 1747; m. Stephen Pice Oct. 23, 

1770; nfr. 

48. Jonathan Glazier, b. May 13, 1751 ; m. Azubah Nye June 23, 1774 ; 

49. William Glazier, b. Sept. 1, 1753. 

50. Benjamin Glazier, b. June 20, 1757. 

8. Nathan Thomas 2 (son of William 1 ) was b. , 

and m. Hepziba , 1741. 

They had three children : — 

52. Mart Thomas, b. Jan. 11, 1743. 

53. Nathan Thomas, b. Nov. 12, 1745. 

54. Patience Thomas, b. Jan. 31, 1747. 

11. Israel Thomas 2 (youngest son of William 1 ) was 
b. in Hardwick, Mass., Aug. 7, 1735. At the death of 
his father in 1747, being a minor, Constant Merrick was 
appointed his guardian. May 9, 1751, his brother Amos 
was appointed in place of the former. Amos Thomas 
having d. in Aug. 1754, on petition of the boy, Nathaniel 
Whitcomb was appointed guardian. He removed to the 
town of Dana, Mass., where he d. Oct., 1821, aged 86. 
It is not known who he m., but he had at least two 
children b. in Dana : — 

55. Israel Thomas, b. in 1797; m. Gracia Cobb, and had issue. 

56. Fanny Thomas, b in 1801. 



THIRD GENERATION. 

" Time is hastening on, and we 
What our fathers are shall he — 
Shadow-shapes of memory." — Whittier. 

16. Dr. William Thomas 3 (son of Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in Hardwick Aug. 6, 1743. Of his early life 
nothing is known. His father having- d. in 1754, he 
was left an orphan at 11 years of age, with two older 
sisters, and with four brothers and one sister younger. 
Having relations in Boston, it is very likely that he spent 
some time with these, and there, probably, studied his pro- 
fession. At least, it is known that, after settling in Brook- 
field, he was accustomed to make visits to that city and 
to receive visits from relatives from the same place, — a 
circumstance much less likely to have occurred had he 
never lived in Boston. As there were no medical schools 
in New England at that early day, he, like all others 
entering the profession, must have served a term of pupil- 
age with some physician, and would most naturally have 
sought one in the city of Boston.* 

Dr. Thomas was a man of marked ability, and his 
practice covered a radius of twenty miles from his home, 
giving him prominence among the successful men of his 
time and profession. In an epidemic of small-pox which 
occurred in Brookfield in 1776, on the 30th of September 
of that year, William Thomas and Jacob Kitridge were 
placed in charge of the same. He served in the Conti- 
nental Army as surgeon in Colonel Keyes's regiment. He 
not only gave his time, but used his means also, to further 

*The oldest medical school in the country — the Medical Department of the 
University of Pennsylvania — was opened in 1765. No William Thomas appears, 
however, among the list of graduates of the last century. The Medical Depart- 
ment of Harvard was organized in 1782. 

3 (33) 



di THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

the cause he espoused, and, in consequence of the finan 
cial condition of the country, lost much of his property. 

Aug. 23, 1765, when 22 years of age, he m. Abiel 
Collins, of Cape Cod. She was a woman of unusual 
ability and energy, and found time, besides attending to 
her family duties, to accompany her husband frequently 
and assist him in his professional work. She outlived 
the doctor twelve years, and after his death practiced 
medicine considerably among women and children. It 
was supposed that the disease which caused her death 
was produced by being so much in the saddle. 

In a narrow valley, extending about three miles in a 
northwesterly and southeasterly direction between Coy's 
Hill and Ragged Hill, in the town of West Brookfield, 
stands the house, which for more than a century has been 
retained in the family, and has been a shelter and " city 
of refuse " for the descendants of William Thomas. 

Very soon after the close of the Revolutionary struggle, 
Dr. William, impressed with the necessity of haying a 
larger and permanent place, which would furnish a home 
and occupation for his family of active boys, began look- 
ing for a spot on which to locate his family hearthstone. 
After his marriage, and before the war, it appears that he 
lived on the plain of West Brookfield, where all of his 
children were b. and baptized, who were b. previous to 
1777. At about the latter date they moved on to a small 
place on Coy's Hill, although he already owned a large 
tract of land in the valley. 

The selection of a site for a home in the valley is re- 
lated to have occurred in the following manner: A 
relative from the vicinity of Boston, who came annually 
to visit the doctor and hunt the game, which was then 
abundant, was attracted during his strolls by the beauty 
of a sunny spot, lying on a little eminence at the loot of 



THIRD GENERATION. 35 

the hill, with a tiny sheet of water in front, and, calling 
the doctor's attention to the place, remarked: "There 
is the spot for your new home." Equally impressed with 
the possibilities of the place, the doctor adopted his rela- 
tive's suggestion, and began to clear the land and build 
the house, which was first occupied as a family residence 
in 1783. Various improvements have since been made, 
as the needs of the family required or the gratification 
of their tastes suggested ; but the original structure still 
stands, with its sunny windows looking southward and 
its roof shaded by the boughs of elms and maples planted 
by members of the family in different generations. Its 
hospitable doors are still quick to respond, as in all 
previous years of its existence, to the timid knock of the 
stranger and the needy, wayfaring man. The farm, how- 
ever, has been changed by the sale of several tracts of 
land, sufficient for other smaller homesteads and the 
construction of a road through it, which was for many 
years the direct highway between Boston and Albany. 
The place still comprises 160 acres of hill and dale ad- 
joining the house, and though rocky and rough, like 
most New England farms, it yet retains unchanged the 
beauty of location which first claimed the admiration of 
the sportsman. 

After the death of the doctor the property was held 
by Argalus and Sylvanus, his two younger sons. About 
1820 Argalus sold his interest to Sylvanus. At the 
death of the latter, in 1 863, the title passed to Mandley 
Pierce, who m. Emily Thomas, dau. of Sylvanus, and by 
whom it is still held. 

Dr. William Thomas d. March 2, 1805, aged 62. 
His wife d. Nov. 17, 1817, aged 76. His remains lie 
in the old cemetery at West Brookfield, and on the head- 
stone of his grave is found the following : — 



&' 



1146124 



36 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

THIS STONE 

IS ERECTED TO THE BLESSED MEMORY OF 

DR. WILLIAM THOMAS, 

who died March 2, 1805, in his 62d year. 
He WAS BORN IN Hardwick, and was in the practice 

OF PHYSIC UPWARDS OF 40 YEARS, TO THE SATIS- 
FACTION OF HIS EMPLOYEES, AND DIED 
LAMENTED BY NUMEROUS FRIENDS 
AND ACQUAINTANCES. 

Within the sacred honors of the tomb, 
In awful silence and majestic gloom, 
The man of mercy here conceals his head, 
Amid the silent mansions of the dead. 

No more his liberal hand shall help the poor, 
Relieve distress and scatter joy no more ; 
While he from death did others seek to save, 
Death threw a dart and plunged him in the grave. 

Dr. William Thomas had nine children, — seven sons 
and two daughters : — 

57. Naaman Thomas, b. Dec. 12,1765; m. Sally Allen ; d. Dec. 23, 1841, aged 

79, and left issue. 

58. Cynthia Thomas, b. May 20, 1768; m. John Phipps; d. Oct. 12, 1823, 

aged 55, and had issue. 

59. Argalus Thomas, b. March 7, 1770; d. Oct, 13, 1776. 

60. Orsamcs Thomas, b. May 18, 1772; m. Thankful Nickerson ; d. Oct. 22, 

1822, aged 50, and left issue. 

61. Seneca Thomas, b. Feb. 24, 1774; m. 1st Asenett Gibbs, 2d Hannah 

Gibbs; d. April 2, 1860, aged 86, and left issue. 

62. William Thomas, b. May 2, 1775; m. Jerusba Rich Jan. 20, 1798; d. 

April 15, 1857, aged 82, and left issue. 

63. Ruth Thomas, b. May 25, 1777 ; m. Thomas Brown Cutler; d. Jan. 28, 

1856, aged 79, and had issue. 

64. Argalus Thomas (Samuel Beals), b. Aug. 28, 1779; m. Sarah Kellogg; 

d. Aug. 21, 1840, aged 61, and had one child. 

65. Sylvanus Thomas, b. Oct, 26, 1781 ; m. 1st Rachel Robinson, 2d Bertha 

Collins, 3d Sarah Dunbar; d. July 31, 1863, aged 82, and left issue. 

17. Amos Thomas 3 (son of Amos, 2 William 1 ) I have de- 
nominated the Patriarch of the family, and his numer- 
ous progeny, with his great age at the time of his death, 
fairly entitles him to that designation. With 15 children, 




AMOS THOMAS. 



PHOTO-COLLOTYPE. 



THIED GENERATION. 37 

85 grandchildren, and not less than 250 great-grand- 
children, he stands at the head of a family rarely equaled 
in size, and one seldom excelled in all the qualities 
essential for establishing a hardy, intelligent, and endur- 
ing race. He was b. in Hardwick April 6, 1746. On 
the 20th Dec, 1770, he m. Eunice Bangs, dau. of Adnah 
Bangs,* who removed to Hardwick, in 1768, from 
Falmouth, Casco Bay. In 1774, soon after the birth of 
his third son, they removed from Hardwick to New 
Salem, Franklin County. Here he purchased a farm 
near the present village of North Prescott. All .his re- 
maining children, twelve in number, were born on this 
farm. In 1810 he sold this place (the recorded deed 
bears the date of Nov. 12, 1810) and purchased another 
about two miles away, a place since known as the " Poor 
Farm," it having been subsequently purchased by the 
town, and since then used for the benefit of the town's 
poor. 

During the month of Aug., 1888, the writer made a 
trip to Prescott, in company with Judge E. A. Thomas, 
of Amherst, and A. O. Thomas, of Waltham, visiting, 
among other places, the old farm near North Prescott, 
now owned by Milo Abbott. The present dwelling is a 
large, double, two-story house, built probably thirty or forty 
years ago, and presenting a better appearance than the 
majority of farm-houses of the present day. In the rear, 
and forming a back-kitchen to the present house, stands 
a portion of the original building occupied by Amos 
Thomas, consisting of a single large room with low 
ceiling, and a wood-shed, — all in excellent condition. 

* The mother of Eunice Bangs lived to the age of nearly 104 years. On the 
anniversary of her 100th birthday, a sermon for the occasion was preached in the 
church of which she was a member. Her hearing being much impaired, she took 
a seat, with her son, in the pulpit, that she might hear the sermon. It is related 
that when 100 yearsold she could spin a day's work. She died in Wilmington, Vt. 



38 



THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 



Evidences of the antiquity of this portion of the building 
were seen most notably in the heavy outside door, with 
massive hand-made wrought-iron hinges, thumb-latch, 
and handle. 

This room was undoubtedly the common living-room 
of the family. It is not likely, however, that the whole 
fifteen children were often here assembled, as some of 
the older children left home before the younger came 
on the stage. Isaac, the oldest, was m. about the time 




View of the Home of Amos, the ' 
Twelve 



Patriarch," from 1774 tc 
)F his Fifteen Children. 



UlRTHI'LACE OF 



of the birth of Alpheus, the youngest. Nathaniel .and 
Beals both left home some time before the birth of the 
younger children, the former to live with his grand- 
parents (Bangs) in Vermont, and the latter to live with 
his uncle, Major Samuel Beals of Hard wick, by whom 
he was adopted. Still, the family must always have been 
large, and when assembled around the family-table must 
have presented a spectacle rarely seen at the present 
day. 



THIED GENERATION. 



39 



The house and form-buildings stand at the foot of a 
hill,- at the junction of two roads and upon the banks of 
a small stream, which shows evidence in the ruined dam 
and old shop of having- at one time afforded power for 
running some kind of machinery. The view from the 
house up and down the stream, and across the valley to 
the Pelham Hills in the distance, is not only interesting 
but quite picturesque. About 100 rods southwest of the 
house — 

" Beside yon straggling fence that skirts the way," 




The Same from th 



stands the old school-house where the children of the 
Patriarch acquired at least the rudiments of their educa- 
tion. The heavy frame of the building has stood the 
wear of over 100 years. The roof and weather-board- 
ing have been, perhaps, more than once renewed, while 
the floor at the present time is composed of four thick- 
nesses of boards, each renewal having been placed over 
that previously in position. 

Here were spent the youthful days of our fathers. 
With the landscape and surrounding objects, so new to 



40 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWICK. 

us, they were once familiar. Upon the boulders in the 
adjoining fields and in the water of the passing- stream 
they had often played. From the well in the yard they 
had quenched their thirst, and their hands had often 
grasped the same iron door-handle that Ave were now 
permitted to touch. But their voices and footsteps are 
heard no more. They have acted their parts and 
passed off the stage. Others now fill their places, and 
the drama of life still moves on. 

Upon a naturally terraced portion of the hillside east 
of the house is the burying-ground, where were found 
not only the graves of our grandparents, but those of 
several members of the family. Upon the headstone of 
Amos, the Patriarch, in addition to the usual inscription, 
were found the following lines : — 

" Here in the ground my body lies, 
Till Christ the Lord shall bid it rise ; 
Then shall it leave this mortal dust, 
And sing in Glory with the just." 

Amos Thomas was an earnest and active member of 
the Baptist Church of New Salem. The church was 
organized in 1771, three years before he settled in the 
place, and for more than half a century was large and 
prosperous, being the only church in the town.* After 
the organization of the Methodist and Congregational 
Churches, however, the Baptist Church gradually de- 
clined, and has now for some years been extinct. 

During the visit above referred to, Judge Thomas se- 
cured the records of the old church, an examination of 
which brought to light many interesting facts. It would 
appear from these that this church, like many others in 
those early days, was not exempt from difficulties grow- 

* At a sale of church-pews, held Feb. 15, 1786, pew No. 1 was sold to Amos 
Thomas for £8 6s, beiug nearly £2 more than was paid for any other pew. — 
Church Records. 



THIRD GENERATION. 41 

ing out of conflicting- interests, doctrinal disputes, neigh- 
borhood gossip, etc., and that the Thomas family came 
in for their full share of these experiences. 

The first indication of difficulty appears under date of 
Sept. 25, 1807, when, at a church-meeting, Amos and 
Eunice Thomas, and their son, Heman Thomas, — who, 
it would seem, had some difficulty with Elder Davis, the 
nature of which does not appear, — were called upon "to 
support their accusations, or dismiss the same and travel 
with the church." After some consideration of the sub- 
ject, the records state, " The Lord (as we trust) drew 
near and melted our hearts into contrition, and all con- 
fessed their faults one to another with weeping, and a 
spirit of forgiveness seemed to run through the whole 
body." At this meeting Amos and Heman Thomas 
were liberated from an admonition under which they 
were laid by a vote of the church, 16th June, 1807. 

Again, Oct. 14, 1809, at a church-meeting held at the 
house of Amos Thomas, it was " voted not to receive into 
the church, as a matter of labor, allegations brought 
against Amos Thomas by sister Sampson." What these 
allegations were does not appear in the records. Not- 
withstanding this action, in May, 1810, a committee was 
appointed to "converse with brother Amos Thomas" 
upon this same difficulty. The trouble, it appears, was 
not adjusted, and Amos Thomas discontinued his walk 
with the church. In Nov. of the same year, a. letter of 
admonition was sent to him, urging his return to the 
fellowship of the church. Feeling, evidently, that he 
was right in the position he had taken, he declined to 
heed the admonition and refused to resume his church 
relations. On Jan. 17, 1811, it was " voted that a letter 
of excommunication be sent to brother Amos Thomas." 
A copy of this letter was found in the records. It alludes 



42 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDAVICK. 

in general terms only to the trouble with Elder Davis 
and sister Sampson, and alleges that, as he was disposed 
to continue " in a course of non-subjection to the body, 
it is our indispensable duty to exclude you from our fel- 
lowship. Signed : Tristram Aldrich, Clerk." 

From this time until 1821, a period of ten years, Amos 
Thomas had no church connections. On July 1, 1821, 
it was voted at a church-meeting that he be re-instated 
unconditionally. This, it seems, was not satisfactory to 
him, and at a subsequent meeting the vote was recon- 
sidered and the resolution so modified as to admit that 
the church in its original action had done him injustice. 
A vote was taken upon this, and Amos Thomas "was 
cheerfully taken back into the church in full fellowship."* 

* The following additional extracts from these records may be of interest to 
many members of the family at the present day : — 

April 18, 1811. Isaac Thomas chosen one of committee on church business. 
(First appearance of his name.) 

Thursday, Nov. 28, 1811. Committee chosen to visit sister Eunice Thomas, 
on account of her not walking with the church. 

March 22, 1817. Committee appointed to inquire into reports against sister 
Eunice Bigelow (formerly Eunice Thomas). 

Sept., 1818. Voted to invite brethren from other churches to discuss the case 
of sister Bigelow. 

Aug. 19, 1819. Voted to receive sister Bigelow into fellowship, believing 
we had no sufficient evidence to proceed in laboring with her. 

Aug. 23, 1821. Isaac Thomas chosen deacon. 

Sunday, Jan. 27, 1822. Ellis Thayer (m. Eunice Thomas, dau. of Nathaniel) 
was admitted to church by baptism. 

July 30, 182fi. Eunice Thayer joined .the church. 

Nov. 11, 1827. Received sister Lydia Ann Thomas, by baptism. 

May 1, 1830. Received Hannah Thomas and Mary Thomas, by baptism. 

Aug. 28, 1831. Received Martin Thomas andStillman Thomas, by baptism. 

March 27, 1833. Voted to build a new meeting-house. Chose Alpheus 
Thomas clerk. 

April 8, 1831. Met and sold the pews of the new church. Isaac Thomas 
bought two ; Winslow Packard, one; Ellis Thayer, two ; Ardon Thomas, one ; 
Heman Thomas, one; Alpheus Thomas, two. 

Oct. 24, 1835. Ellis Thayer chosen one of the deacons of the church. 

Sept. 29, 1836. Received Winslow Packard, Samantha Thomas, and Caro- 
line Bigelow, by baptism. 



THIED GENEEATION. 43 

Of the fifteen children of Amos Thomas hot two d. 
in early life, — one in infancy and one at the age of 19. 
Thirteen — nine sons and four daughters — lived to marry 
and have children. Inheriting vigorous constitutions, 
they lived to remarkable ages. Several became octo- 
genarians. The average age of the thirteen that married 
was 72, and their combined ages amounted to 945 years. 

While Amos Thomas may not have left fortunes to 
his children nor been able to have secured them many 
of the advantages of the young of the present day, he 
was enabled to transmit to each what was, perhaps, of 
more value, viz., mens sana in corpore sano, and such a 
regard for honor and principle as to have enabled them 
to become useful members of society and to win the con- 
fidence and respect of the communities in which they 
lived. Of his nine sons all were at some period engaged 
in agricultural pursuits. Some acquired trades which 
they pursued in connection with farming. Thus, Amos 

Sept. 2, 1837. Martin Thomas chosen clerk. 

May 21, 1840. Voted letter to sister Lucy Thomas, recommending her to 
First Baptist Church, in Wilmington, Vt. 

July 3, 1812. Eeceived Electa Bigelow, by baptism. 

Nov. 27, 1812. Gave letter of dismissal to Amos Thomas (son of Nathaniel), 
and recommendation to Baptist Church in Wilmington, Vt. 

Dec. 24, 1842. Eeceived Henry Thomas, he having been baptized in State 
of New York. 

Dec. 25, 1842. Eeceived Hannah Thomas, by baptism. 

June 18, 1843. Eeceived by baptism Ardon Thomas, Sarepta Thomas, and 
Sarepta E. Thomas. 

Jan. 21, 1844. Voted letter to sister Mary Bailey (formerly Bigelow). 

March 3, 1844. Eeceived Sylvia A. Thayer, by baptism. 

Aug. 24, 1844. Voted letter to Ardon Thomas. 

Sept. 10, 1846. Heard report of committee appointed to visit sisters Bigelow 
and Parkhurst, which was that the report was not sustained. 

Saturday, , 1847. Voted letters to Ardon Thomas, his wife, Sarepta, 

and daughter, Sarepta E., to church in Burre. 

April 21, 1847. Voted letter of dismissal to Ann Thomas. 

Nov. 5, 1847. Voted letters to Eunice Bigelow and her daughters, Caroline 
Kenney and Electa Bigelow, to Baptist Church in Wendell. 

April 6, 1848. Voted letters to Stillman' Thomas and Hannah Thomas. 



44 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

was a shoemaker, David and Azariah were carpenters. 
The younger sons, Ardon and Alpheus, enjoying, per- 
haps, better educational advantages than the elder 
brothers, were for several years school-teachers. Later 
in life they engaged successfully in mercantile pursuits, 
while Heman became a cattle dealer and drover. 

Amos Thomas, the Patriarch, formed a connecting- 
link between the early history of this country and the 
present time. With one hand lie could grasp, as it 
were, the early pioneers of our country and with the 
other reach down to those of the present time. Many 
of his grandchildren still living remember him distinctly, 
and from him have heard the interesting and exciting- 
story of events leading to the war of the Revolution, 
while he at the same time could repeat to them, as 
related to him by his father and grandfather, the events 
of the French and Indian Wars. 

The marvelous development of our country since 1746, 
the increase of population from probably less than 
1,000,000 to over 60,000,000 at the present time, the won- 
derful accomplishments of steam and electricity, with the 
almost endless discoveries and inventions calculated to 
benefit and improve the condition of mankind, are 
scarcely less astonishing to us than they would have 
been to Amos, the Patriarch, could the veil have been 
lifted and he been permitted to view the condition of 
things at the present time. 

Amos Thomas was manifestly a man of strong will 
and indomitable purpose, persistent in his opinions on all 
questions of right and wrong, and not easily diverted by 
the views of either individuals or church from what he 
may have considered the right, — traits of character more 
or less conspicuous in many of his numerous descendants. 

Amos Thomas d. at the house of his daughter, Eunice 



THIKD GENERATION. 45 

Bigelow, with whom he lived for some years, on April 
29, 1831, aged 85 years. His wife, Eunice, d. June 26, 
1830, aged 78. 

They had fifteen children, — nine sons and six daugh- 
ters : — 

66. Isaac Thomas, b. July 13, 1771; m. 1st Patience Pearce, 2d Martha 

Whipple; d. April 19, 1842, aged 71 ; had eleven children. 

67. Nathaniel Thomas, b. Feb. 13, 1773; m. Hannah Cummings; d. Dec. 

8, 1851, aged 78 ; had eight children. 

68. Amos Thomas, b. Oct. 24, 1774; m. 1st Sally Hudson, 2d Mrs. Patty 

Miller (Jones) ; d. July 29, 1853, aged 79; had eight children. 

69. Abigail Thomas, b. March 13, 1776; ni. Nathan Bangs; d. Sept. 11, 

1862, aged 86 ; had seven children. 

70. Eunice Thomas, b. Feb. 11, 1778; m. Artemus Bigelow; d. April 8, 

1852, aged 74 ; had four children. 

71. David Thomas, b. Oct. 24, 1779; m. Mary Kinney; d. May 22, 1865, 

aged 86; had eleven children. 

72. Beals Thomas, b. June 29, 1781 ; m. 1st Nancy Bigelow, 2d Dolly 

Washburn, 3d Sarah Weston Gorhani; d. Aug. 24, 1854, aged 73; 
had five children. 

73. Azariah Thomas, b. Dec. 15, 17S2; m. Sarah Avery; d. Sept. 14, 1831, 

aged 49; had eight children. 

74. Heman Thomas, b. June 21,1785; m. Anna Martin; d. June 29, 1843, 

aged 58 ; had four children. 

75. Mary Thomas, b. Aug. 9, 17S6; m. James Ludden ; d. Nov. 9, 1840, 

aged 54 ; had four children. 

76. Rhoda Thomas, b. Dec. 29, 1788; d. July 25, 1789. 

77. Rhoda Thomas 2d, b. Dec. 22, 1790; m. Benj. Phillips; d. Oct. 21, 1865, 

aged 75; had four children. 

78. Aedon Thomas, b. Sept. 24, 1793 j m. Sarepta Holmes ; d. Nov. 4, 1874, 

aged 81 ; had five children. 

79. Rhoba Thomas, b. Aug. 7, 1795; d. Sept. 1, 1814, aged 19; unm. 

80. Alpheus Thomas, b. April 2, 1797; m. Electa Bangs ; d. May 17, 1879, 

aged 82; had seven children. 

18. Joseph Thomas 3 (son of Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. in Hardwick, Mass., May 24, 1748; m. Mary Billings 
(b. Oct. 1, 1754, daughter of Elisha Billings and Doro- 
thy Billings) March 17, 1774. Joseph Thomas did ser- 
vice in the war of the Revolution. He is described in 
the muster-roll (1779) as 31 years old, 5 feet 8 inches 
high, and of dark complexion. In what campaign or 
how long he served is unknown. In February, 1806, 



46 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

he removed to Hardwick, Vt., where he died March 9, 
1841, aged 93. His wife, Mary, died September 11, 
1819, aged 65. He was a farmer, as were his sons. 
They had ten children : — 

81. Isaac Thomas, b. Dec. 20, ; d. Feb. 23, 1778. 

82. Polly Thomas, b. Oct. 9, . 

83. Isaac Thomas 2d, b. July 2, ; m. Cynthia Washburne Nov. 27, 

1805; nfr. 

84. Sabea Thomas, b. Aug. 29, 1780; m. Levi Goodrich Nov. 27, 1803; d. 

May 28, 1856. 

85. Joseph Thomas, b. ; went into western States early in the century, 

and has not been heard from since. 

86. Susan Thomas, b. ; m. Jesse Goodrich; had twelve children. 

87. Dolly Thomas, b. , 1785; m. 1st Jonathan French, 2d Daniel 

French; two children; d. Sept. 16, 1871, aged 86. 

88. Diantha Thomas, b. , 1778; d. May 22; 1838; unrn. 

89. Benjamin Franklin Thomas, b. , 1791 ; rn. Ella Curtis; d. Oct. 3, 

1858, aged 67 ; had eight children. 

90. Elisha Billings Thomas, b. June 1, 1792; m. Temperance Lucas, d. 

Jan. 31, 1871, aged 82 ; left issue. 

19. Daniel Thomas 3 (son of Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
born in Hardwick, Mass., May 5, 1750. Daniel Thomas 
enlisted in the army immediately after the battle of Lex- 
ington (April 19, 1775), to serve for eight months from 
May 4, 1775. He was at this time 25 years old. He 
enlisted a second time in August, 1777, and with his 
company marched for Bennington, Vt. Before their ar- 
rival, Gen. Burgoyne had been defeated by Gen. Stark, 
when his company returned home. Daniel Thomas was 
somewhat noted as a practical joker. Some of his pranks 
have been handed down to the present day. The Rev. 
Lucius II. Paige, of Cambridge, a native of Hardwick 
(born March 8, 1802), remembers Daniel Thomas well, 
and related to the writer the following story : At one 
time Daniel Thomas lived with his brother-in-law, Maj. 
Samuel Beals. The latter offered to wager that he could 
wear a pair of shoes longer than Daniel. The wager 
was taken, and both got a pair of new shoes the same day. 



THIKD GENERATION. 47 

The major one day going from home left his new 
shoes behind. Daniel, putting- them on, went down into 
the field away from the house and spent the day danc- 
ing on a flat rock. The major's shoes wore out first, 
much to his surprise and disgust, and Daniel won the 
wager. 

Another story handed down in the family is to the 
effect that on one occasion Daniel was at the house of a 
neighbor. A daughter was making a hasty pudding- 
over the fire. After salting and stirring the pudding 
carefully, she left the room. Soon the mother came in, 
commenced to stir the pudding, and inquired if Mary 
had salted it. Daniel said " Xo, I think not." The 
mother then gave it a dose of salt and left the room. 
The grandmother next came in and " wondered if the 
pudding had been salted." Daniel was sure it had not. 
After giving it a third salting she retired, leaving Daniel 
alone. To make sure the pudding was sufficiently sea- 
soned, he now gave it a fourth handful of salt, but did 
not remain to learn what was thought of it when served 
at the meal. 

He m. Mercy Bartlett, who died April 24. 1824. 
Daniel died not many years later (about 1827). 

They had seven children : — 

91. Samuel Beals Thomas, b. Feb. 2, 1771. 

92. Betty Thomas, b. Sept. 9. 1772. 

93. Berthenia Thomas, b. May 31, 1774; m. Joseph CrowellOct. 24, 1793; 

had eight children. 

94. Daniel Thomas, b. Jan. 28, 1776; m. Mary Buggies Sept. 3, 1798 : nfr. 

95. Luoinda Thomas, b. . 177S; m. Abel Buggies May 8, 1799, and had 

isfcue. 

96. Mercy Thomas, b. ,1780- m. Isaac Warner Oct. 19, 1800; had 

eight children. 

97. Abigail Thomas, b. , 1"S81 ; in. 1st. Gersham Cobb May 2, 1811; 

2d David Blackmer, Oct. 13, 1823; d. 22, 1832, aged 51 ; no 

issue. 

23. Amos Marsh 3 (son of Zerviah [Thomas] Marsh, 2 



43 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

William 1 ), b. in Hardwick Nov. 15, 1733; m. Beulah 
Leonard, pub. July 16, 1757. Date of death unknown. 
They had two children: — 

98. Samuel Maksh, bap. Sept. 24, 1758. 

99. Mercy Marsh, bap. Oct. 5, 17G0. 

35. Submit Jordan, 3 (dau. of Temperance [Thomas] 
Jordan,' 2 William 1 ), b. in Hardwick, Mass., April 19, 1740 ; 
m. Daniel Hastings, pub. July 22, 1764. Date of death 
unknown. 

They had four children : — 

100. Theophilus Hastings, b. Dec. 25, 1764; m. Betsy Prince Ames, and 

bad issue. 

101. Jacob Hastings, b. July 17, 1767. 

102. Stephen Hastings, b. Feb. 7, 1771. 

103. Lucinda Hastings, b. May 19, 1773. 

43. David Glazier 3 (son of Hannah [Thomas] Glazier, 2 
William 1 ), b. in Hardwick, Mass., March 1, 1741; m. 
Sarah, dau. of Ezekiel Pratt, Feb. 6, 1766. 

They had two children: — 

104. Hannah Glazier, b. Sept. 20, 1766. 

105. Ezekiel Glazier, b. April 12, 1769. 

55. Israel Thomas 3 (son of Israel, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. in Dana, Mass., in 1797. He m. Gracia Cobb 
March 11, 1827. She was b. in Colerain, Mass., in 1800; 
d. in Greenwich Sept, 25, 1877. Israel d. in Greenwich 
May 3, 1879, aged 82. 

They had two children : — 

106. Charles Henry Thomas, b. in Hardwick May 10, 1832 ; m. Harriet 

A. Spooner, and had issue. 

107. Susan Cordelia Thomas, b. in Greenwich June 6, 1834; m. Andrew 

C. Record Nov. 23, 1852, and had several children ; nfr. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 

" Swiftly our pleasures glide away, 
Our hearts recall the distant day 

With many sighs ; 
The moments that are speeding fast 
We heed not, but the past — the past 
More highly prize." 

— From the Spanish, by Longfellow. 

57. Naaman Thomas 4 (eldest son of William, M.D., 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in West Brookfield, Mass, Dec. 
22, 1765; m. Sally Allen Dec. 10, 1794; she d. May 
13, 1802; he m. 2d Nancy Gilbert, who d. Dec. 8, 1846. 

Mr. Thomas was a man of precise business habits, of 
dignified, courteous bearing, of refined and gentle man- 
ners, a great lover of flowers and successful cultivator 
of the same. He d. in W. Brookfield, where he had 
spent his life, Dec. 23, 1844, aged 79. 

He had four children : — 

108. Allen Thomas, b. Dec. 20, 1795; m. March 14, 1820, Eliza W. Young, 

of Newport, R. I. After the birth of several children they removed 
from W. Brookfield to Newport, R. I., since which time nothing can 
be learned of them. 

109. Luke Thomas, b. May 20, 1798; d. in New York, of small-pox, in 

1825. His occupation was that of printer. 

110. Sylvanus Thomas, b. Aug. 23, 1800; d. Sept. 5, 1805. 

111. Sally Allen Thomas (by 2d wife), b. Dec. 2, 1815; d. about 1886; 

unm. 

58. Cynthia ThOxMAS 4 (dau. of William, M.D., 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ), b. May 20, 1768; m. John Phipps Jan. 10. 
1790. After residing several years on a farm adjoining 
those of their parents, they removed to the State of Ver- 
mont, where he died. She returned to Mass., where she 
d. at the homestead Oct. 12, 1823, of cancer. 

They had five children, two of whom lived some time 
at the old home in W. Brookfield. After their mother's 

4 (49) 



50 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWICK. 

death they removed with the father's family to Illinois, 
and nothing- has been learned of their subsequent career. 

112. Thomas Phipps, b. 1792. 

113. Samuel Phipps, b. 1794. 

114. Rachel Phipps, b. 1796; d. Feb. 24, 1872; m. Leonard Upbam, of 

Brookfield, Mass., wlien she was 72 years old ; no issue. 

115. Solon Phipps, b. Nov. 9, 1798 ; d. Dec. 20, 1862. He was so crippled 

and deformed that he was never able to support himself, yet of such 
eminent piety, cheerfulness, and courage that his pastor said he was 
to be envied. 

116. Ruth Thipps, b. ; m. John Colby, of Rochester, N. Y., a man or 

influence and wealth. They had children, two sons and a dau., but 
nothing is known of them at present. 

60. Orsamus Thomas 4 (son of Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in West Brookfield, Mass., May 18, 
1772. He studied with his father to be a physician, but 
his mother was so opposed to his adopting that profession 
that he exchanged it for that of law. He went to Boston 
from W. Brookfield, where he spent several years, after- 
ward removing to Provincetown (about 1803), where he 
m. Miss Thankful Nickerson, dau. of Seth and Isabella 
(Eldridge) Nickerson. 

He became the principal man of the place, holding the 
office of Justice of the Peace under commission from 
Gov. Caleb Strong, said commission bearing date Feb. 
2I-, 1813. He held, also, the offices of postmaster, 
selectman for five years, and town clerk eight years. He 
belonged to King Hiram's Lodge of the Masonic order 
in Provincetown, and received the degree of Master 
Mason Jan. 2, 1806. 

He attended every term of Court at Barnstable in the 
interests of his clients, and acted as referee in any dispute 
arising among the townspeople, who were always content 
to abide by his wise and impartial decision ; among 
them his word was law, and " Squire Thomas said so " 
was enough to silence the strongest objection to any 
measure he approved. During the war of 1812 he was 



FOURTH GENERATION. 51 

constantly called upon by American captains who had 
vessels in the harbor, to visit the British vessels anchored 
there and learn the intentions of their commanders con- 
cerning the American vessels as well as the town, much 
alarm being felt by the inhabitants on that score, a dozen 
at a time sometimes besieging him for assurance that 
their houses would not be burned. Provincetown and 
its harbor being neutral ground did not prevent a band 
of British soldiers or sailors from appropriating certain 
movable property, such as cows and calves, and to Squire 
Thomas's tact and legal ability the despoiled and fright- 
ened owners looked for redress, and, owing to his prompt 
and pacific measures, never in vain. His house was in 
the centre of the town, and the British men-of-war 
obtained their supplies of water from his well, the neigh- 
bors being afraid to have the British soldiers and sailors 
on their premises, and it was no unusual sight to see his 
yard well filled with the war-like invaders in a state of 
the most perfect neutrality and good humor. 

After the war he continued his busy, useful life, 
always enacting the part of a peace-maker when right 
and justice would permit him to do so. 

He d. of consumption, Nov. 22, 1822, in his fifty-first 
year. 

Orsamus Thomas was of a most affectionate disposition 
in his home-circle, and had that far-reaching and rare 
gift of good will to his fellow-men which made them all 
his brotlfers. In person, he was tall and portly, with 
dark-brown hair, blue eyes, and remarkably fine teeth, 
only one of which had been removed at the time of his 
death. 

A most pathetic and significant index to his lovable 
character was the devotion of his little dog Embargo, 
so named for the famous embargo of 1807. The dog 



52 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

was his constant companion, sharing his visits to the 
British men-of-war, and in his long walks to Truro, 
where he obtained the horse that carried him to the 
court sessions at Barnstable, Embargo still bearing him 
company. After his death, the faithful four-footed friend 
could not be induced to leave his master's grave, and 
when taken away returned to it and there mourned 
away his life. 

The grave of Orsamus is on the slope of a wind-swept 
hill, where the western sunbeams touch it lovingly with 
their golden fingers and the voice of the Atlantic chants 
its ceaseless requiem. 

Orsamus Thomas had nine children, all b. in Province- 
town, Mass. : — 

117. Ruth Cutler Thomas, b. Dec. 17, 1804; m. William Allerton, of Bir- 

mingham, Eng., and had issue. 

118. Orsamus Thomas, b. June 17, 1807. He was a sea-captain and d. 

unm. June 10, 1841, at Port-au-Prince, W. I. 

119. Abigail Beals Thomas, b. May 28, 1809; m. Phineas Warner Wait; 

d. Sept. 24, 1879, and had issue. 

120. Pauline Nickerson Thomas, b. Dec. 11, 1811 ; m. George Gale, and 

had issue. 

121. Isabella Nickerson Thomas, b. Feb. 9, 1814; m. 1st John Stone, 2d 

Nathan Stone, and had issue. 

122. Abiah Thomas, b. May 12, 1816 ; m. Reuben Collins. She d. July 31, 

1871, and left issue. 

123. William Argalus Thomas, b. Feb. 23, 1819 ; d. Nov. 18, 1819. 

124. John Eldridge Thomas, b. March 10, 1820; m. Emma Josephine 

Pemberton ; d. June 24, 1868, and left issue. 

125. Sarah Kellogg Thomas, b. Sept. 10, 1822 ; m. John F. Locke, and had 

issue. 

61. Seneca Thomas 4 (son of Dr. William, 3 Amos,' 2 
William 1 ), b. at West Brookfield, Mass., Feb. 24, 1774, 
and was the fifth son of Dr. W T illiam. He first m. 
Aseneth Gibbs, of Greenwich, Mass. When first m. 
he removed to Northern Vermont, where he remained a 
few years. When the war of 1812 broke out, we find 
that his family was living in Queenstown, Ont, and that 



FOURTH GENERATION. 53 

he was doing mason-work on the English fortifications at 
that place. He fled into the State of New York and 
joined the American forces ; was wounded and taken 
prisoner at Queenstown, Oct. 12, 1812, on the morning 
of which day his wife, Aseneth Gibbs, d., leaving four 
children, the oldest less than 10, the youngest a babe. 
Mr. Thomas attended the funeral under guard. The 
British army officers claimed that, inasmuch as he was 
working on the fortifications, he was either a deserter or 
a spy. He managed to escape, either by the connivance 
of his captors or by his own shrewdness, ever after giving 
Canada a wide berth. His family was broken up, the 
two oldest boys remaining together till the second boy, 
Charles A., came to Eastern Mass., in his sixteenth year. 

Mr. Thomas afterward m. Hannah Gibbs, a maiden 
sister of his first wife, and settled in Worcester, Mass., 
where she d. without issue. It was this second wife 
who, after the honeymoon, was asked by her husband 
where all the money was that she had boasted of, and 
who replied : " Oh ! that was courting talk. Where 
are all the houses and canal-boats that you were pos- 
sessed of?" He said : " Well, Hannah, that was courting 
talk, too." 

He married a third wife, who outlived him. In his 
latter days he spent much of his time with his son in 
Boston. He seems to have been a pioneer until the 
death of his first wife. He was a man of great inde- 
pendence of character, caring little for others' opinions of 
his doings, and was inclined to be sarcastic in his own 
defense. To illustrate this, we will mention that, on an 
occasion soon after the building of the Boston and Albany 
Railroad, he was visited by a nephew who had been 
down to Boston. Seneca asked whether he came up 
first Or second class, and was answered " first class." 



54 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

" Well," he said, " when I go on the cars I go second 
class ; it is cheaper ; and I don't care what people think 
about me ; besides, I would rather be the head • of a 
mouse than the tail of a rat." He was pensioned by the 
United States for services rendered during the war of 
1812. He d. in Worcester, Mass,, April 2, 1860, aged 
86 years. 

Seneca Thomas had four children, all by his first 
wife : — 

126. Merrick Thomas, b. at St. Albans, Vt., May 26, 1803; m. Esther 

Silverthorn ; d. Aug. 25, 1856, and left issue. 

127. Charles Augustus Thomas, b. Sept. 14, 1809, at Irasburg, Vj;. ; m. 

Adrienne Josephine Charrier; d. March 9, 1864, and left issue. 

128. Emerson Gibbs Thomas, b. . He was a colonel in the Texan 

army during their war of Independence. Was awarded land, but 
the Texan records were burned and he cannot be traced. 

129. Abigail Thomas, b. ; m. Samuel Liscome, of Tonawanda, N. Y. ; 

removed to the Upper Mississippi ; residence unknown ; had issue ; 
nfr. 

62. William Thomas 4 (son of Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in West Brookfield, Mass., May 2, 1715. 
In his youth he desired to follow his father's profession, 
especially the practice of surgery, but his mother would 
not consent. He showed an interest and inclination that 
way all his life. It is said that he made himself gener- 
ally useful while at home, being a sort of genius, which 
is a family trait bordering on "Jack at all trades;" how- 
ever, pretty good at all. He was generally liked by the 
brothers, and was their leader in doing those things for 
which the busy doctor had no time. What " Bill " pro- 
posed or did was right with the boys, and with the father, 
too, for that matter. Long lines of wall now standing, 
superannuated fruit-trees, and grand old elms, planted by 
them a century ago around their old home and still 
known by their names, attest to their activity. Before 
the subject of this sketch was 21 he was teaching a 



<% # i 




WILLIAM THOMAS. 



PHOTO-COLLOTYPE. HOP 



FOUKTH GENERATION. 55 

school at Wave, Mass. Undoubtedly, the adventurous 
spirit of his race had begun to possess him, for " Ho for 
the Northward !" was a voice from the frontier to which 
he listened, and New Hardwick, Vt., where his uncles 
Joseph and Daniel had settled as pioneers, became his 
home, and where, I believe, he was the first teacher. 

Jan. 20, 1798, he m. Jerusha Rich, of Ware, Mass., 
b. at Truro, on the Cape, Jan. 23, 1778. She was the 
dan. of Apollos Rich and Abigail Collins of Truro, who, 
soon after the war of the Revolution, removed from that 
place to Ware. In Feb., 1800, Mrs. Thomas joined her 
husband at Hardwick, Vt., where he had prepared a 
home and commenced the life of a farmer. Here, in 
Sept. of that year, was b. their first child, Dwight ; here 
they lived, subject to all the vicissitudes and trials of 
pioneer life, until March, 1819, when they removed from 
what they thought an inhospitable climate to Pownal, 
the southwestern town of the same State, where two 
other children, Mary and Martha, were born. In 1821, 
they removed to the Noble Place, in Williamstown, 
Mass., where their twelfth child, Lucy, was born. In 
April, 1825, they purchased the Seeley farm, in the same 
town, where they spent the remainder of their days; he 
dying in 1857, from injuries received some time previous. 

Soon after the last removal, the oldest son, Dwight, 
who had grown to manhood, and who, after the manner 
of the times, had been selected to remain at home and 
interweave his life with theirs, purchased a saw-mill, with 
appurtenances and lands attached. These joined his 
father's lands, and were, by mutual consent, merged with 
them in one property. These conditions and the want 
of a more extended market for their lumber led to the 
manufacturing by them of water-proof dry-goods boxes 
out of the abundant pine growing on the farm. These 



56 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

boxes were used at the neighboring mills in shipping 
calico, for the most part by open conveyance, to New 
York and Philadelphia. Naturally, too, they conceived 
the idea of making a home market for their hay and 
grain, by going into the carrying trade between North 
Adams and the Hudson River and North Adams and 
New Haven. Of course, this meant both freighting and 
expressing by horse-power. Thus, a combination of 
interests — the, forest, the mill, the workshop, the farm, 
and the road — were to aid one another and form a har- 
monious whole ; a business employing much labor, and 
one which required for success energy, tact, and strict 
attention to details. 

That they were fairly successful is shown by the fact 
that they supported a large and somewhat expensive 
family and met their obligations. We must take into 
consideration that this venture Avas made before railroads 
were thought of, and that when they were built and had 
come into competition with the old order of things, 
cheapening transportation and rendering their kind of 
manufactures no longer necessary, Mr. Thomas and his 
associate, like the country inn-keepers, kept up a fight 
against conditions they did not as yet comprehend, with 
continual losses and with constantly depreciating invest- 
ments on their hands. The last years of his life were 
spent in the care of bees, wintering one season as many 
as a hundred swarms. He not only enjoyed the profits of 
their labor, but was interested in studying their habits. 
They seemed to know him, and would allow almost any 
familiarity on his part. When he d. they dwindled 
away. 

Mr. Thomas was six feet in height and very erect, 
with broad, square shoulders, and, though not spare, 
never a fleshy man. His head was very large, his 



FOURTH GENERATION. 57 

features large but attractive, his lips firmly closed, and 
his teeth, all double, were without the sign of decay. 
Even at 80 his face, though showing strong lines, was 
fair, and his darkish hazel eyes were full of intelligence 
and inquiry. He was slow, deliberate, and methodical ; 
a good reasoner, never given to speech without weighing 
his words, but too precise to be called a good talker. 
However, he was generally listened to with respect and 
made many good hits, one of which is well remembered. 
There was a question before his town of discontinuing, 
over a hill, a part of a principal road, and of building a 
new one around the base. After much sentimental 
speech-making about the road of the fathers and the 
grand views to be had from that hill, of which they were 
to be deprived forever, a learned opponent made this 
telling point : that the distance was much greater by the 
proposed road. Mr. Thomas replied by saying that he 
came prepared to make a speech, but saw no necessity, 
since the petitioners were practical men who knew what 
they wanted, and would not be influenced by sentiment ; 
but, before a vote was taken, he would like to propound 
to his learned friend this question : " How much further 
is it around the bail of a kettle when lying down than 
over it when standing upT' When the laugh, in which 
his opponents joined, had subsided, the question was put 
to a vote and carried by a sufficient majority. 

He was a temperance man ; not so much by talk and 
pretense, as by precept and example. Nothing intoxi- 
cating was used in his family or in his fields, unless pre- 
scribed by a physician, even when to take "a little for 
the stomach's sake " was thought to be in the form of a 
command. He was a member of the Congregational 
Church, and in doctrine, like his wife, a Calvin ist. 

He was a Whig ; his political gods, George Washing- 



58 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

ton, the Adamses, Henry Clay, and Daniel Webster until 
his "seventh of March speech." He was conservative, 
but was an anti-slavery man, joining the Republican 
party when it was organized. 

There was a dignity in his manner and a reserve, 
above easy approach, that distinguished him. Perhaps 
this was somewhat owing to the times, when, to the 
worthy parent, was conceded a lofty position now essen- 
tially eliminated from American life. The father no 
longer fills the role of "patriarch," "fountain of wisdom," 
and " ruler over all." The democratic idea, as expressed 
by the Irishman, that one man is as good as another, if 
not a little better ; also the rapid advance of scientific 
discovery and the wide dissemination of knowledge by 
the press, have bridged the gulf of a life's experience and 
advanced the young and vigorous to the forefront. The 
gray-haired sire seems, in most cases, to have accepted 
the situation gracefully, and now occupies a place more 
honorable than commanding. 

This sketch would be incomplete without something- 
more than a mere mention of Mrs. Thomas, who was a 
typical New England woman of superior ability. How- 
ever much she may have differed from her husband in 
temperament, they were harmonious in their lives, work- 
ing together for the good of their family, the needs of 
society, and God's kingdom as they believed it was set 
up in the world. With them this kingdom was an intel- 
lectual one of great respectability, in which there was no 
piety in forms, no rant, nor any construing of the King's 
laws to suit men's purposes. In their last place of resi- 
dence, the faculty and students of Williams College 
worshipped with the Congregational people, and gave 
them not only the productions of such minds as those of 
Griffin and the Hopkinses, but also the efforts of noted 



FOURTH GENERATION. 59 

clergymen from all parts of the country. So their pulpit 
was an educating- and an elevating- one, from which came 
the best thoughts of that time. They and their family 
were attendants, and after their return from the services 
discussed the sermons, and sometimes dissected the 
ministers. 

Her early reading was confined to the Bible, " Pilgrim's 
Progress," Fox's " Book of Martyrs," and the sermons of 
Jonathan Edwards. After her husband's death, her 
reading became more general, including history, biogra- 
phy, travel, and popular scientific works, especially those 
of Dr. Dick. She was familiar with most of the facts of 
astronomy, in which she was interested, and by which 
her mental vision was broadened. She was well informed 
— " keeping up with the times " she expressed it — by 
reading the current news of the day. For some years 
before the war of 1861 she entered into politics with all 
the earnestness of a voter. If she could not act herself, 
she could influence others. Nothing could exceed her 
hatred for the institution of slavery or her scorn for the 
Northern men who, from selfish motives, apologized for 
it. Yet she was full of sympathy for those kind masters 
who, finding themselves in the midst of such environ- 
ments, knew not how to free their bondmen, much less 
themselves. She was 83 years of age at the breaking 
out of the Southern Rebellion, but entered into the 
defense of the Union and into the war upon slavery with 
the enthusiasm of youth ; in spirit, going with the boys 
to the front, fighting with them, sympathizing and sor- 
rowing with them. Woe to the man who, in her pres- 
ence, apologized for the leaders in the Rebellion, or had 
any sympathy with their cause. So earnest was her 
patriotism, and so severe her denunciations, that one of 
her facetious Democratic friends said that, without any 



60 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

other aid than the New York Tribune, she took charge 
of the management of the war, and, being in harmony 
with Lincoln and Grant, carried it to a successful 
conclusion. 

Mrs. Thomas was unlike her husband in her build and 
in her intense activity. She was only of medium height, 
quite stout, but of pleasing form ; was handsome in her 
youth and fine looking in her womanhood. She had 
soft, beautiful hands, a strong but fair face, expressive 
gray eyes, and a mouth showing great determination. 
She was a ready and interesting talker, the life of any 
company of which she was a part. Coming from a 
hardy race inured to severe toil, made necessary by the 
struggle for existence upon the inhospitable shores of the 
Cape, and by the hardships and dangers of the ocean, 
she inherited great energy and great endurance, with a 
fund of resources which enabled her to rear to maturity 
twelve children, performing herself all the duties of 
mother, housekeeper, spinner, weaver, and dairy-maid. 

Of course, as these children became capable they were 
installed as aids in her busy life. When she was almost 
54: years of age the wife of her oldest son died, leaving a 
sickly, puny boy, three days old, in her promised care, to 
rear, through sleepless nights and weary days, to con- 
sciousness and manhood ; making the thirteenth child 
who called her mother. That she was true to her charge 
in untiring devotion, in loving kindness, in precept and 
by example, the writer can testify, as he was that unfor- 
tunate and fortunate boy. In her seventy-fourth year, 
her son brought home a second wife, when, after a 
struggle, and through the influence of her children, she 
abdicated first place, and for a while, I fear, assumed 
that of critic ; but gradually accepted the situation, and, 
when not making herself useful, gave herself to her 
books, her thoughts, and the entertainment of others. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 61 

A few weeks before her death, which occurred in her 
ninety-sixth year, she was visited by a granddaughter by 
marriage, who had never seen her before, and who was 
astonished to find her so strong, and with a face so fair, 
making for herself a dress. After much talk and many 
surprises, she said to her grandmother : " I shall next 
expect to hear that you have been getting married." 
" Well," she said, " there is an old gentleman of 84, 
somewhat younger than I, with lots of money, who 
comes to see me often ; if he should propose, there might 
be some danger." 

The day before she died, she ate of some vegetable 
food which caused her to complain of feeling weak and 
tired. Desiring rest, she laid herself down for a short 
nap before dinner. When called, she did not respond, 
and when approached she seemed in a sweet sleep. But, 
with all her senses unimpaired, she had reached the 
" Pearly Gates " she had so long talked about. Hers 
was a useful life and a peaceful death, in which there 
was no " King of Terrors " — only the angel of repose. 

William Thomas d. April 15, 1857, aged 82. He had 
twelve children, as follow : — 

130. Dwight Thomas, b. Sept. 17, 1800; m. 1st Mabel Townsend, 2d Dorcas 

Brimmer; d. Oct. 27, 1878, and left issue. 

131. Abigail Thomas, b. April 3, 1802; d. Nov. 20, 1881, unm, aged 79. 
She had a very good education for a woman of those days; was early a 

member of the Congregational Church, and was engaged to go out as the wife 
of a young missionary to some far-off and savage land, but, failing to convince 
her parents that she should make such a sacrifice, she remained behind: while 
he went, unmarried, to his field of labor. Sometime after this she was engaged 
in millinery and dressmaking at Troy and at Buffalo, N. Y. After a few years 
she retired from business and ever after was housekeeper where most needed, in 
one or another of her brothers' or sisters' families. She aspired to more than 
she realized, but her life was a useful one. 

132. 'William B. Thomas, b. Jan. 24, 1804. 

He early showed a taste for mechanical work, and, after the removal of his 
father and family to Williamstown, Mass., apprenticed himself to Ainassa Shal 
tuck, the leading cabinetmaker in that place. After serving his time and 



62 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

winning the reputation of best in his trade, he worked as a journeyman at 
Ware and Worcester, Mass. ; New Haven, Conn.; and Albany. N. Y. ; finally 
settling down at Buffalo, N. Y., where he resided during his active business-life. 
It appears that he was ambitious to get ahead in the world, was industrious and 
saving After accumulating a considerable property, which he had invested in 
the low lands which are now the business part of Buffalo, he met with reverses, 
caused by a decision of the courts in favor of the Holland Land Company, by 
which he lost title to his lands. He has said that at the end even his watch 
was gone ; nothing but his jack-knife was left. Commencing work again at the 
bench, he pushed to the front, and. out of the picture-frame business and his 
connection with the manufacture of mowing-machines he retrieved his fortune. 
In Nov., 1859, the harvested crops, together with the uninsured buildings of 
the old homestead at Williamstown, occupied by his brother Dwight, with 
whom his mother was living, was burned. He immediately came to the rescue, 
which action, in connection with the bad faith of men in whom he trusted, 
resulted in his retiring from business and Buffalo. The balance of his life, since 
about 1860, has been spent at Williamstown, where he now (1891) lives at the 
ripe age of 87 years. Though a man born to command, and positive in his con- 
clusions, he possesses a kind heart; and though, from dear-bought experience, 
looking with suspicion upon the motives of men, he has been quick to respond 
to the cry of distress from those who had his confidence. He is a Unitarian; 
was a Whig in politics; has been a Republican since the organization of the 
party ; unmarried. 

133. Sylvanus Thomas, b. Oct. 28, 1805; m. Sophia J. Kent; not heard 

from since 1851; left two children. 

134. Lewis Avery Thomas, b. May 22, 1807; m. Jane Farrington Sept. 

8, 1848 ; d. Aug. 6, 1882, aged 76. (See 134, next generation.) 

135. Jerusha R. Thomas, b. Jan. 10, 1809; d. April 15, 1886. 

She was a very earnest Christian, and placed her religion before all other 
duties, and was called a " crank " upon that subject. She was first a Congre- 
gationalism then a Baptist; afterward she joined the Oneida Perfectionists. 
After living in that faith for thirty years, she died Apnl_15, 1886, in her 77th 
year, unmarried, but believing that she had reached perfection. 

136. Frances Thomas, b. Nov. 15, 1810; m. Timothy Graves, of Hoosick 

Falls, N. Y., and d. there March 4, 1847 ; left issue. 

137. Andrew Collins Thomas, b. March 19, 1812; m. Minerva Smedley 

(then widow Norton); he now (Oct., 1890) lives at South Williams- 
town, Mass. ; had issue. 
13S. Seraph Thomas, b. at Hardwick, Vt., Nov. 25, 1818; m. Harvey D. 
Penniman April 29, 1845; he d. Oct 21, 1866; she d. Jan. 4, 1889, 
at their home in Williamstown, Mass. 
They left no children of their own, bul she reared to manhood the baby- 
boy of a dear friend, who, when dying, had given him into her charge with her 
blessing. This boy, Charles Sanderson, of New York City, is now editor and 
manager of the Gaslight, a journal devoted to the interests which its name 
implies. She also reared another, an orphan, Miss Jennie Kane, who graduated 
from a normal school, was a teacher, and is now the wife of Rev. H. W. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 63 

Winkley, Episcopal clergyman at Saco, Me. For some years, beginning about 
1850, sbe carried on millinery and dressmaking at Williaraatown, doing quite a 
large business. Afterward was engaged in boarding students. 

She was a woman of high character, and endeavored to govern all her 
actions by Christian principles. It has been said that she first received the 
name of Sarah, but that her father, on account of her sweet, childish disposi- 
tion and his love for her, insisted on calling her Seraph. 

She was rather tall and slight in form, well poised, with very dark brown 
hair and eyes. She was " the friend of those in heed, and a friend in deed." 
She was somewhat of an invalid in the last years of her life, but kept the har- 
ness on until a few weeks before her death. The doors of her ample house were 
ever open to relatives and friends. It was the resting-place of returning kin, 
who came to breathe the pure air of Berkshire and feast upon the beauty of 
the hills and mountains about them. Who of them will forget Aunt Sarah? 

139. Mary Thomas, b. May 14, 1819; m. Edgar M. Brown, of Williams- 

town, and d. at Reading, Mass., Sept. 9, 1885 ; left issue. 

140. Martha Thomas, b. Jan. 30, 1821, at Williamstown, Mass. ; d. there, 

nnm., Dec. 25, 1839, much lamented. 

141. Lucy Thomas, b. June 12, 1824; m. John M. Shattuck, of Williams- 

town, Mass., and d. at Manchester, Vt., Jan. 18, 1879; left issue. 

C. D. T. 

63. Ruth Thomas 4 (youngest dau. of William, M.D., 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. May 24, 1777 ; m., about 1797, 
Thomas Brown Cutler, of West Brookfield, Mass., son 
of Dea. Joseph Cutler and Martha Brown, who d. May 
3, 1826. She d. Jan. -68, 1856, aged 79. 

Their children were nine in number : — 

142. William Thomas Cutler, b. Oct. 1, 1799; d. April 8, 1801. 

143. William Thomas Cutler, b. April 13, 1801 ; d. May, 1823. 

144. Lucy Cutler, b. April 18, 1803; d. Jan. 27. 1830; m. M. Waterman 

Wood, of West Brookfield, Mass. ; no children. 

145. Charles Cutler, b. July 15, 1805; d. April 25, 1869; unm. 

146. Thomas Brown Cutler, b. July 23, 1808; m. April 19, 1839, Harriet 

Sophia Judd, of West Hampton, Mass., dau. of David Judd and 
Sarah Cook, b. Oct. 1807, d. Feb. 19, 1889. His present residence is 
at West Brookfield, Mass. They had no children. 

147. George Cutler, b. April 2, 1811; m. 1st Sarah Venica, 2d Amelia B. 

Howe, 3d Harriet Lears, of Barre, Mass. ; had is.-ue. 

148. Orsamus Cutler, b. Dec. 1, 1813; m. 1st Abbie E. Wood. 2d (Feb. 

5, 1857) Lydia H. Russell, and had issue. 

149 Martha Collins Cutler, b. Aug. 17, 1816; d. March 1, 1856; rn. 

Elijah Chapp, of West Brookfield ; no issue. 

150 P-hebe Cutler, b. Feb. 8, 1821 ; d. Aug. 5, 1856: m. Luther Stone, or 

West Brookfield, brother of Lucy Stone, the noted woman's rights 
advocate. They had no children. 



64 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

64. Argalus Thomas (Samuel Beals) 4 (son of Dr. 
William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Aug. 28, 1779, in 
West Brookfield, Mass. He resembled his brother 
Orsamus very closely, with the exception of his eyes, 
which were black. Visiting Provincetown after the 
death of Orsamus, this similarity of looks excited much 
interest among the people there who so missed and 
mourned their friend. In disposition they were also 
alike, with charity and kindness for all, yet with that 
strong, clear sense of justice that made right right and 
wrong wrong, without one thought of compromise. The 
same habits of thought and expression and the same 
gentle yet dignified bearing belonged to both. 

Argalus Thomas taught school before his marriage, 
and remained on his father's farm for several years after 
that event. After the latter's death, he shared the farm 
with his brother Sylvanus for some time, but finally sold 
out his interest in it to Sylvanus and became proprietor 
of the hotel in West Brookfield, on the Plain. 

Before leaving the farm, his name was changed by act 
of Legislature from Argalus to Samuel Beals. This was 
done at the request of Major Samuel Beals, of Hard wick, 
with whom he was a great favorite. Major Beals m. 
Abby, sister of Dr. William Thomas and aunt of 
Argalus, and had no children. 

After remaining at West Brookfield a year or two, he 
removed to AVestern, afterward Warren, at the solicita- 
tion of friends. He next took charge of the hotel in 
South Brookfield, and a few years later settled perma- 
nently in Worcester. 

Colonel Sykes, proprietor of the hotel in Sheffield, 
Conn., at which Miss Sarah Kellogg boarded, and at 
which her marriage with Argalus Thomas took place, 
afterward removed to Worcester, Mass., and purchased 



FOURTH GENERATION. 



65 



the Exchange CofFee-House. About 1823 he sent for 
Samuel Beals Thomas and proposed that he should pur- 
chase the hotel, to which the latter at once agreed. 

His family at that time consisted of himself and wife, 
and his niece, Abby Beals Thomas, the second dau. of 
Orsamus, whom, with the consent of her parents, he had 
adopted the previous year. The next year he adopted 
Pauline Nickerson Thomas, the third dau. of Orsamus. 

Samuel Beals and Sarah Kellogg Thomas had but one 
child, a son, Argalus, who died at birth, in 1801. This 
was a great grief to the parents, but in the faithful care 




Exchange Coffee-House, Worcester, Mass. 

of their adopted daugthers, upon whose education they 
spared no expense, they found much consolation and 
pleasure. The genial disposition of Samuel Beals Thomas, 
the grace and beauty of his wife, and the thorough edu- 
cation of his adopted daughters, made them much sought 
for in Worcester society and rendered their house a 
very popular place of resort. 

The Exchange Coffee-House was nearly opposite the 
Court-House, and judges and jurors, lawyers and clients, 
all found hospitable entertainment there. Next to the 
Court-House was the Unitarian Church which Samuel 



66 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

B. Thomas attended, and of which Dr. Aaron Bancroft, 
father of the historian, was pastor. 

The Exchange Coffee-House was conducted on tem- 
perance principles, and the favorite argument of Samuel 
B. Thomas in support of this doctrine was of a peculiarly 
practical nature, viz., an offer to every confirmed ine- 
briate who came in his way to provide food for his 
family for one year on condition that such inebriate would 
renounce the vice that was ruining him and become a 
sober, self-supporting man. 

He served several terms as representative in the State 
Legislature, was one of the Selectmen of Worcester, 
and had the first piece of brick sidewalk in that place 
laid in front of his hotel. He belonged to the Masonic 
order, being a member of Mount Zion Lodge, of Hard- 
wick, of which he was elected Right Worshipful Master 
9th Sept., 1807. 

He was one of the largest real-estate owners in Wor- 
cester, but the financial panic of 1837 greatly depreciated 
its value and seriously affected his already failing health. 

He died of consumption, in 1840, and was buried in 
Rural Cemetery, Worcester. His wife survived him 
about eleven years, dying also of consumption on the 
night of the terrible storm that carried away the light- 
house on Minot's Ledge. 

Samuel Beals Thomas had one child : — 

151. Argalus Thomas, born and died in 1801. 

65. Sylvanus Thomas 4 (youngest son of William, 3 
M.D., Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Western (now 
Warren) Massachusetts, Oct. 26, 1781; d. July 31, 
1863, aged 82. He m. 1st (in 1806) Rachel Robin- 
son, dau. of Isaac Robinson and Hannah Collins, of 
Pownal, Vt, who was b. 1778 ; she d. Oct. 4, 1832. Her 
father was a descendant of John Robinson, the famous 



5 <H 

* -A I f 







k 




iy. #•"' 



SYLVANUS THOMAS. 



■ COLLOTYPE. MOPE M'F G CO. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 67 

preacher to the Pilgrims at Leyden. Sylvanus m. 2d, 
April 9, 1831, Bethia Collins, of Eastham, Mass., who 
was b. 1794 and d. April 18, 1837; m. 3d, May 29, 
1839, Sarah Dunbar, of Hingham, Mass., who was b. 
Jan., 1794, and d. Aug. # 26, 1867. 

Sylvanus Thomas, the youngest son of Dr. William, 
was 2 years old when he came with his parents to the 
home where he spent the remainder of his life. Possess- 
ing a mild, affable disposition, he was a favorite among 
the brothers and sisters, and the youthful " Venie " be- 
came " Uncle Venie " to those with whom he afterward 
came in contact. Unaffected simplicity and courtesy of 
manner, with dignity and gentleness of bearing toward 
all, won for him the respect of his townsmen, who hon- 
ored him with positions of trust in the town and sent 
him to represent their interests in the Massachusetts 
Legislature of 1837. In 1824 he opened his house as 
" a tavern " for the accommodation of travelers between 
Boston and Albany. In the capacity of host his genial 
nature served him well, gaining for him many friends. 

Men of note were thus brought to his door. When 
General Lafayette was on his way to Boston to lay the 
corner-stone of Bunker Hill Monument, he was enter- 
tained by Mr. Thomas, whose descendants look with 
some pride upon the room and chair in which he sat. 
John Quincy Adams is also known to have been a guest 
at the old "Thomas Tavern." 

In 1840 his business as innkeeper was discontinued^ 
but for many years his old patrons continued to call on 
him for shelter and entertainment; and when with 
memories of " Lang Syne " they made the walls resound, 
it was pleasant to watch his smiling face, and the in- 
voluntary exclamation of all was, "The right man in 
the right place." 



68 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

His father's skill in medicine had brought to the house 
young Isaac Robinson, who studied for a time with Dr. 
Thomas. He afterward established himself in Hard- 
wick, but removed thence to Vermont, where he con- 
tinued the practice of medicine. 

In later years his daughter, Hachel, became the wife 
of Sylvanus Thomas. Though having had but limited 
educational advantages, even for those times, Rachel 
Robinson was, before her marriage, a successful teacher 
in Adams, Mass., and in several towns in Vermont. She 
brought no small amount of energy and cultivation to 
her husband's home, over which she presided with dig- 
nity and helpfulness between the years 1806 and 1832, 
when her death occurred. Five children came to the 
household during that time, all of whom lived to mature 
years. 

Sylvanus Thomas was married twice afterward, the 
third wife, Sarah Dunbar, surviving him. 

In the last years of his life all his beautiful traits of 
character seemed intensified, and the writer can testify 
that to none were these words of the poet more applic- 
able : — 

" None knew thee but to love thee, 
Nor named thee but to praise." 

Sylvanus Thomas d. July 31, 1863, aged 82. 
He had five children, all by 1st wife, and all born on 
the old homestead in West Brookfield: — 

152. Caroline Thomas, b. Dec. 22, 1806 ; m. Carlton Cushman and had 

issue. 

153. Eliza Doty Thomas, b. June 27, 1809 ; m. William Balcom and had 

issue. 

154. William Robinson Thomas, b. May 10, 1811 ; d. April 13, 1890; m. 

Oq.ha Bartlett, dau. of John and Sarah Bartlett, Oct. 3, 1842. She 

was b. in Granby, Mass., Sept. 26, 1816 ; d. April 22, 18S9. They 

had no children. 

William Robinson, the only son of Sylvanus and Rachel Thomas, inherited 

irom both families of his ancestors a desire and taste for study and imparting 




WILLIAM R. THOMAS. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 69 

knowledge to others. This led him in early life to adopt the profession of teach- 
ing, which he continued successfully till nearly 60 years of age in his own and 
adjoining towns, on Cape Cod, and in the then far Western States of Michigan 
and Minnesota. His original methods of instruction were far in advance of 
those employed by the educators of the time, and his manner of imparting ideas 
so pleasing and impressive that his pupils, in after years, would refer to the time 
spent with him as the happiest days of their lives. He was a proficient mathe- 
matician and surveyor, an easy extemporaneous speaker, and a pleasing social 
companion, being a ready story-teller. He served his town in the various offices 
of Justice of the Peace, Assessor, and School Committee for many years, his 
State in the Legislature of 1855, and his country in the Civil War. 

Though over 50 years of age when the call for more men came, in 1862, he 
thought himself not too old to follow the example of his grandfather and take 
up arms in defense of his country and principles. He enlisted in Company F., 
Fifty-first Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, in which he was famil- 
iarly known as " Father Thomas." At the end of his term of service he was 
honorably discharged, and reached home only in time to receive his father's 
last words and parting blessing. 

Orpha Bartlett, his wife, was a woman of rare and noble qualities of heart 
and mind. She combined with patience and kindness such industry, perse- 
verance, and executive ability as furnished the necessary complement to the 
qualities of the teacher and scholar. His life was incomplete without hers, and 
he survived her death less than a year. His last years were spent on a small 
farm adjoining that of his grandfather, Dr. William. 

155. Arminda Robinson Thomas, b. Sept. 2, 1814; d. Oct. 20, 1865; unm. 

156. Emily Thomas, b. Feb. 23, 1816; m. Mandly Pierce, of Hardwick, 

Mass., and had issue. 



66. Isaac Thomas 4 (oldest son of Amos, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. in Hardwick, Mass., July 13, 1771. When 
but 5 years old he moved with his brother to New Salem. 
He m. for his 1st wife Patience Pierce, who was b. in 
New Salem Nov. 22, 1776. The marriage took place in 
1799. She d. June 6, 1806, at birth of youngest child. 
They had four children. He m. 2d Martha Whipple 
about 1807, by whom he had six children. He was a 
member of the Baptist Church, and was appointed 
deacon Aug. 23, 1821. He was a man of devoted piety, 
loved and respected by all. He d. April 19, 18-42, 
aged 71. Farmer. 



70 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

His ten children were as follow. By first wife : — 

157. Chester Thomas, M.D., b. May 31, 1800; m. Lucy Sanderson; d. Jan. 

16, 1852, and had issue. 

158. William Thomas, b. in 1802; d. in infancy. 

159. Henry Thomas, b. in 1804; d. in infancy. 

160. Patience Thomas, b. Jan. 6, 1806; m. David Reed Wait; d. Oct. 16, 

1881, aged 75, and had issue. 

By second wife: — 

161. Freeman Thomas, b. Feb. 6, 1808 ; m. Louisa Lee ; d. April 30, 1864, 

and had issue. 

162. Mary Thomas, b. in 1810; d., unm., April 2, 1834. 

163. Henry Thomas, b. March 20, 1812; m. 1st Mary Shaw, 2d Hannah 

Norton, and had issue. 

164. William Thomas, b. in 1814 ; d. young. 

165. Samantha Thomas, b. Dec. 1, 1817; m. Rev. Thomas Rand ; had issue. 

166. Stillman Thomas, b. March 27, 1820; m. Elizabeth Alma Burnham 

and had issue. 

67. Nathaniel Thomas 4 (son of Amos, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. in Hard wick, Mass., Feb. 13, 1773. When 
quite young he went to live with his grandfather, Bangs, 
in Wilmington, Yt. Here he m. Hannah Cummings, 
dan. of Moses Cummings, May 1, 1800. She was b. at 
Wilmington, Aug. 22, 1774. It was for a long time a 
common remark in Wilmington that Nathaniel Thomas 
and Hannah Cummings were the best-looking couple 
that had ever stood up to be married in that place. He 
kept a hotel for a number of years, but finally engaged 
in farming, which he followed for the remainder of his 
days. He d. in Wilmington Dec. 8, 1857, aged nearly 79. 
His wife d. in Orange, Mass., Aug. 3, 1866, aged 93. 

They had eight children, all b. in Wilmington, Vt. : — 

167. Ruhama Thomas, b. at Wilmington, Vt , March 5, 1802; d., unm., 

Nov. 4, 1839, at same place. 

168. Eunice Thomas, b. Aug. 7, 1803 ; m. Ellis Thayer and had issue. 

169. Hannah Thomas, b. July 14, 1806; d., unm., May 8, 1831. 

170. Samantha Thomas, b. May 20, 1808; d. Oct. 5, 1812. 

171. Reuben Cummings Thomas, b. Sept. 20, 1809 ; m. Mary Ann Bassett, 

of Wilmington, Vt., and had issue. 

172. Lucy Thomas, b. July 17, 1812; m Oman Prescott; d. Jan. 5, 1844, 

and had issue. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 71 

173. Amos B. Thomas, b. Oct. 1, 1815 ; m. Letitia H. Merchant ; d. Jan. 120, 

1883; no issue: 

174. Ardon Harrison Thomas, b. Dec. 23, 1822; m. Sabra B. Dickinson, 

and had issue. 

68. Amos Thomas 4 (son of Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in Hardwick, Mass., Oct. 24, 1774; m. 1st Sally 
Hudson July 8, 1798, in New Salem, who d. Oct. 19, 
1841, aged 69 ; m. 2d Mrs. Patty Miller (maiden name 
Patty Jones), in 1843, of Pike, N. Y. 

Soon after his birth, his father moved from Hardwick 
to New Salem, Mass. About 1804 he, with probably 
his younger brother David, moved to Nelson, Madison 
Co., N. Y.; about 1836, he moved to Pike, Allegheny 
Co., N. Y., where he spent the balance of his days. In 
his younger days he carried on shoemaking in connection 
with farming. He was a member of the Baptist Church, 
and a Whig. He d. July 25, 1853, aged 79. 

He had eight children, all by his first wife, and born 
in Nelson, N. Y.: — 

175. Alvin Hudson Thomas, b. Nov. 30, 1800; m. 1st Sarepta Wheeler 

April 17, 1826. 2d Chloe Wilder, and had issue. 

176. Edmund West Thomas, b. Nov. 6, 1803; m. Feb. 17, 1725, Polly- 

Bacon, of Nelson, Madison Co., N. Y., and had issue. 

177. Horace Thomas, b. July 26, 1805 ; m. 1st Amy C. Irish (May 31, 1827), 

2d Mary Ann Redman, and had issue. 

178. Lewis Augustus Thomas, b. Aug. 5, 1808; m. Mary Johnson Oct. 14, 

1834; d. Dec. 11, 1888, and had issue. 

179. Drusilla Amelia Thomas, b. Sept. 28, 1810; d. Sept. 27, 1841; no 

children. 

180. Climena Thomas, b. Nov. 10, 1812 ; m. Edward Kendall. He d. . 

She lives in Hume, N. Y.; no issue. 

181. Emeline Thomas, b. April 2, 1815; m. Wm. Loomis Jan. 6, 1835, and 

had issue. 

182. Sarah Arvilla Thomas, b. Sept. 30, 1820; m. Jefferson Metcalf 

July 4. 1843 ; d. Feb. 10, 1867, and had issue. 

69. Abigail Thomas 4 (dau. of Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. March 5, 1776, in New Salem, Mass. ; m. Nathan 
Bangs May 27, 1799. He was b. Aug. 1, 1778, and 
d. Feb. 12, 1862, aged 87. Soon after their marriage 



72 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

they moved to Herkimer Co., N. Y., where he engaged 
in milling and manufacturing of agricultural implements. 
About 1834-35 they moved to Brooklyn, Jackson Co., 
Mich., where he again engaged in milling and farming. 
In 1847 they moved to Napoleon, Mich., where they 
spent the remainder of their days. Both were members 
of the Baptist Church, and greatly loved and respected 
by all who knew them. Abigail (Thomas) Bangs 
d. Sept. 8, 1862, aged 86. 
They had six children : — 

183. Ira N. Bangs, b. Aug. 27, 1800; d. Aug. 8, 1803. 

184. Ora B. Bangs, b. March 1, 1803; m. Phcebe D. Beebe ; d. Aug. 24, 

1843, and had issue. 

185. Ira N. Bangs 2d, b. Dec. 22, 1804; d. April 6, 1810. 

186. Louisa Bangs, b. April 27, 1807; m. 1st Dexter Slack, 2d Seth Case; 

d. Feb. 2, 1885, and had issue. 

187. Emily Bangs, b. Jan. 6, 1810; d. Jan. 8, 1867; unm. 

188. Sophronia W. Bangs, b. June 9, 1819 ; d. Oct. 1, 1866 ; unm. 

70. Eunice Thomas 4 (dau. of Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ), 
b. in New Salem, Mass., Feb. 11, 1778, was the second 
dau. and fifth child of Amos and Eunice Thomas. A 
short term of six weeks was the limit of her school-days, 
but she made the most of her opportunity. In early life 
she united with the Baptist Church at New Salem. A 
devout Bible student, it was to her the book of books, a 
great deal of which she could repeat. At one time, being 
in a family in Hadley where they kept Saturday night, 
she was requested to bring out her spinning-wheel at 
sunset on Sabbath evening. This was contrary to her 
early training, and she replied : " I am willing to work 
from Monday morning till Saturday night, but will go 
home to-morrow morning rather than work on Sunday." 
She did not go home. 

Dec. 23, 1810, she m. Artemas Bigelow, of Brookfield, 
son of Asa Bigelow, and b. Oct. 14, 1781. They lived 
at her father's about a year, when they removed to 




MRS. EUNICE iTHOMAS) BIGELOW. 



PHOTO-COLLOTrPE. MOPE 



FOURTH GENERATION. 73 

Greenwich; there they remained till April, 1820. At 
Dana they lived three years, then two years in Peter- 
sham, and then again at New Salem. Wherever she 
lived she had many friends. She was ever ready to go 
among the sick or afflicted, and aid hy deeds or words of 
comfort. A natural peace-maker, her kind words and 
wise counsels were calculated to calm the troubled waters. 
She was a kind, affectionate wife and mother, managing 
her family with Christian principle and firmness, ever 
setting before them a godly example. Of a sunny dispo- 
sition, always looking on the bright side, believing that 
all things were wisely ordered, she never murmured or 
complained of the trials and hardships of her lot, but 
often said she had great cause for thankfulness that she 
had so many blessings. She was a woman whom the 
world honored, whom Christians loved, and whose piety, 
tastes, and moral worth rendered worthy for walking in a 
higher sphere. In 1848 they moved to Wendell. Two 
years before her death she was thrown from a carriage 
and badly hurt. From this injury she never fully recov- 
ered. In 1852 she had a paralytic shock, from which 
she d. April 8, 1852, aged 7-1. He d. Feb. 8, 1860. 
They had four children : — 

189. Mary Bigelow, b. at Greenwich, Mass., April 9, 1813 ; m. Eber Oshea 

Bailey and had issue. 

190. Caroline Bigelow, b.at Greenwich, Mass., May 23, 1817; m. 1st Ber- 

nard Kenney and 2d Benjamin Badger; d. Aug. 23, 1886, and had 
issue. 

191. Electa Rosamond Bigelow, b. in Dana, Mass., Sept. 3, 1820; m. 1st 

Abner Sykes and 2d Hezekiah Stratton, and had issue. 

192. Nancy Bigelow, b. in Dana, Mass., April 8, 1822; m. David Kenney, 

Jr., of Northfield, who d. Aug. 13, 1886. She d. March 17, 1888, 
without issue. She was a member of the Baptist Church. 

71. David Thomas 4 (son of Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in New Salem, Mass., Oct. 24, 1779. As early 
as 1802-03 he migrated to what was then considered the 



74 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWICK. 

" far West," the Mohawk country in New York State, 
settling first in Madison Co., where he worked at his 
trade, that of carpenter. On Jan. 15, 1804, he m. 
Mary Kinney, who was b. in. Dutchess Co., N. Y., 
Jan. 7, 1784. Soon afterward he moved to the town 
of Rutland, Jefferson Co., N. Y., where, on his farm, 
he spent the remainder of his life. David Thomas was 
the only uncle known by the writer, he having spent the 
summer of 1838 in his family. As a farmer he was tidy 
and thrifty. He had a place for everything and kept 
everything in its place. His barns and fences were 
always in good repair, his fields were well tilled, and his 
crops of the best. He was a member of the Baptist 
Church and an earnest, sincere Christian. He d. May 
22, 1865, aged 86. His wife d. Dec. 15, 1853, aged 66. 
They had eleven children : — 

193. Hiram Thomas, b. Dec. 12, 1801; m. Caroline Perkins; d. Dec. 18, 

1856, and had issue. 

194. Alpheus Thomas, b. March 5, 1807; m. Olive Ralph and had issue. 

195. Maria Thomas, b. Dec. 11, 1808 ; m. Rev. Sherman Maltby and had 

issue. 

196. Marietta Thomas, b. Sept. 10, 1810; m. 1st Bosworth Scovil and had 

issue; d. Jan. 26, 1884, aged 74. 

197. Almeron Thomas, b. June 25, 1812 ; m. 1st Joanna Wilder, 2d Lois 

Paine and had issue. 

198. Marinda Thomas, b. July 22, 1814 ; d. in infancy. 

199. Ebenezer K. Thomas, b. June 2, 1816; m. Isabel Boyd and had issue. 

200. Almasson Thomas, b. Dec. 23, 1821 ; d. in infancy. 

201. Nancy Bigelow Thomas, b. Jan. 30, 1823; m. Isaac Clements and had 

issue. 

202. Sarepta Thomas, b. July 23, 1827; m. Darwin C. Bates; d. Oct. 22, 

1851, and left issue. 

203. Platt Thomas, b. March 24, 1829; m. Lenora Remington and had 

issue. 

72. Beals Thomas 4 (son of Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in New Salem, Mass., June 29, 1781. At the 
age of 12 or 14 he went to Hard wick to reside with his 
uncle, Major Samuel Beals (15), who adopted him and 




BEALS THOMAS. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 75 

made him heir of his estate. When Major Eeals died, 
in 1827, lie left Beals Thomas in possession of one of 
the best farms in the southern part of the town, near the 
village of Gilbertville. He remained upon this place 
until 1835, when the failing health of his second wife 
induced him to sell. He then purchased a beautiful 
home near the centre of the town, where he spent the 
remainder of his days. In 1831 Beals Thomas was ap- 
pointed one of the Selectmen of the town. He was also 
one of the Prudential Committee of the School Board 
and one of the Assessors of the parish, and Clerk of the 
Board for many years. He was a strong temperance 
advocate and an earnest supporter of educational inter- 
ests. Beals Thomas was married three times. He m. 
1st Nancy Bigelow, Jan. 19, 1815, who d. May 12, 1821 ; 
2d, Dolly W. Egery, April 10, 1824, who d. June 23, 
1836; and, 3d, Sarah Weston Gorham, Nov. 28, 1837, 
who d. Dec. 18, 1857. He d. in Hardwick, Aug. 24, 
1854, aged 73. He was a member of the Congregational 
Church, and a Republican. 

He had five children. By first wife: — 

204. Jason Bigelow Thomas, M.D., b. Aug. 6, 1817; m. Phila Mandell; 

d. Nov. 25, 1880, and had issue. 

By second wife : — 

205. Nancy Bigelow Thomas, b. Dec. 15, 1825; m. Geo. J. Newton, M.D., 

Feb. 8, 1855; d. at Gloversville, N. Y., June 23, 1858, aged 32; no 
issue. 

206. Clara Egery Thomas, b. July 21, 1828 ; m. Addison Augustus Hunt 

and had issue. 

207. Edwin Egery Thomas, b. Jan. 24, 1831 ; d. unm. at Saratoga Springs, 

Jan. 16, 1868 ; druggist. 

By third wife : — 

208. Sarah Jane Thomas, b. Sept. 21, 1840; m. Franklin Wait; d. Feb. 

5, 1878, and had issue. 

73. Colonel Azariah Thomas 4 (son of Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., Dec. 15, 1782. 



76 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

While a. young man, about the year 1804, he followed 
his older brothers, Amos and David, to New York State. 
He first settled in Madison Co., where, in Brookfield, he 
m. Sarah Avery, Jan. 18, 1812. She was b. in Stoning- 
ton, Conn., Sept. 27, 1794; dau. of Joseph Avery and 
Ann Leffingwell, his wife.* 

Soon after he removed to Perch River, Jefferson Co., 
N. Y., where he purchased a large farm, and where he 

* The pedigree of Sarah Avery has been traced back to Christopher Avery, 
who came from England in 16+0, locating first in Gloucester, Mass. ; later living 
in Boston ; finally settling in New London, Conn., in 1665, and dying in Groton 
in 1687. 

James Avery, 2 only son of Christopher, was b. in England about 1620. He 
came to New England with his father in 1640, and settled with him in New 
London. He m. Joanna Greenstead, Nov. 10, 1643, and had ten children. 

John Avery, 3 third son of James, 2 was b. Feb. 10, 1654. He m. Abigail 
Cheesborough and had thirteen children, — seven sons and six daughters. 

William Avery, 4 son of John, 3 was b. in 1687. He m. 1st Anna Richard- 
son, by whom he had four children ; 2d, Mary Walker, by whom he had ten 
children. 

Richardson Avery, 5 son of William, 4 was b. Jan. 25, 1717. He m. Sarah 
Plumb, by whom he had seven children, — Samuel, Richardson, Anna, Sarah, 
Prudence, Hosthena, and Christopher. The latter was killed at the massacre of 
Wyoming, July, 1778. 

Richardson Avery, 6 son of Richardson, 5 was b. Oct. 6, 1742. He m. Louis 
Maxon and had seven children, — Joseph and Joel, twins; Frederick, Richard- 
son, Emma, Sally, and Lydia. 

Joseph Avery, 7 son of Richardson, 6 was b. in Stonington, Conn., in 1768. 
Soon after his birth, his father, with his family, moved to the Wyoming Valley 
in Pennsylvania. At the massacre, in July, 1778, he was 8 years old. The 
whole family were prisoners in Forty Fort. After their release by the Tories 
and Indians, they, with nearly two hundred others, returned to Connecticut, 
walking the whole distance, over 200 miles. Joseph Avery m. Lydia Ann 
Leffingwell and had eight children, — Sarah, b. in Stonington, Conn., Jan. 26, 
1794; Mary (Mrs. Green), b. Jan. 26,1796; Joseph, b. in Paris, Oneida Co., 
N. Y., April 7, 1798 ; Annis (Mrs. Kingsley), b. in Paris, N. Y., Jan. 9, 1801 ; 
Joel, b. in Brookfield, Madison Co., N. Y., March 8, 1803; Amos Read, M.D., 
b. in same place, May 8, 1805 ; Joel Handy, b. Oct. 24, 1808 ; Melora, b. March 
28, 1811. 

Sarah Avery, 8 oldest child of Joseph, 7 was m. to Azariah Thomas Jan. 
18, 1812. 

Nine Averys, descendants of Christopher, fell at the massacre of Fort Gris- 
wold, at Groton Heights, Conn., Sept. 6, 1781. 



FOUKTH GENERATION. 77 

resided until the foil of 1821, when he moved to Water- 
town, in the same county, and engaged in building and 
manufacturing of wooden ware by machinery. 

During the war of 1812, at the time of the invasion 
of the northern frontier, he entered the service as a 
volunteer, and at the battle of Sackett's Harbor, May 
29, 1813, he had command of a company. In evidence 
of his coolness in battle, it was related by an eye-witness 
to an elder brother of the writer, in 1853, that, during 
the engagement, and while the bullets were thickly fly- 
ing, his men were ordered to protect themselves behind 
trees, fences, etc., which they proceeded to do; while he, 
apparently unconscious of danger, remained exposed to 
the fire of the enemy until reminded of his duty to pro- 
tect himself. 

After the war he was promoted to the colonelcy of his 
regiment, which position he retained until some years 
before his death. It was generally understood that had 
he not resigned he would have been made general of his 
brigade, he having been a very popular officer and in 
the direct line of promotion. A contemporary met by 
the writer in the summer of 1886 related that he never 
saw a finer looking officer on horseback than Colonel 
Thomas. That he was imbued with something of the 
military spirit would appear from the fact that on the 
night of his death, in his delirium, his mind apparently 
wandering back to the exciting scenes of battle, he sud- 
denly exclaimed, with considerable force : " Stand by 
your posts ; let every man do his duty," — forcibly 
reminding one of the last words of Lord Nelson at the 
battle of Trafalgar, " England expects every man to do 
his duty ;" or of those of Napoleon, " Tete de l'armee." 

Possessing some argumentative ability, in the early 
days of the country, when lawyers were few, Colonel 



78 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

Thomas was accustomed to plead before a Justice in 
some simple suits among his neighbors. He was of a 
generous, whole-souled disposition, ever ready to assist 
those in need. This trait of character finally cost him 
dearly, as, by indorsing for a neighboring country store- 
keeper, he finally lost his farm. 

Colonel Thomas d. at Watertown, N. Y., Sept. 14, 
1831, aged 49. His wife d. in Sheridan, Chaut. Co., 
N. Y., April 21, 1846. They were both members of the 
Baptist Church. 

They had eight children, — four born at Perch River 
and four in Watertown, N. Y. : — 

209. Louisa Thomas, b. 1814-15; d. 1819. 

210. Avery Thomas, b. Jan. 3, 1817; m. Lovina D. Bacon and bad issue. 

211. Harriet Thomas, b. June 1, 1819; m. Wm. Barnes and bad issue. 

212. Melinda Thomas, b. June 3, 1821; m. Horace Ottoway and left 

issue. 

213. Charles Thomas, b. 1823; d. in infancy. 

214. Amos Russell Thomas, M.D., b. Oct. 3, 1826 ; m. Elizabeth M. Bacon 

and bad issue. 

215. Jane M. Thomas, b. Feb. 3, 1829; m. Kendrick Scovil ; d. in Monroe 

Wis., May 19, 1855, aged 26 ; no issue. K. Scovil d. Jan. 23, 1885. 

216. Charles Azariah Thomas, b. April 1, 1831 ; d. in Oswego, N. Y., Aug. 

18, 1848, aged 17. 

74. Heman Thomas 4 (son of Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in New Salem, Mass., June 21, 1785 ; m. Jan. 21, 
1808, Anna Martin, who was b. in Norton, Mass., July 
7, 1774. He remained at the old homestead even after 
he reached manhood, and to this place, at the age of 22, 
he brought his bride. Here the same room in which he 
was born served as birthplace for each of his four 
children, and the same physician officiated. 

In 1818 he removed to Hardwick, where he lived six 
years. After three years' residence in New Braintree, he 
returned to his native town, this time making a home in 
the same house where his wife had lived and at which 



FOURTH GENERATION. 79 

they were married. Here he spent the remainder of his 
earthly life. 

His occupation was farming, like that of most of the 
inhabitants in the region where he resided ; at times, 
also, he added to it that of drover and cattle dealer. 

He was a man of stern exterior, but those who knew 
him intimately found him remarkably kindly in feeling 
and generous and noble in heart — a true Christian. He 
was a member of the Baptist Church, and in politics a 
Whig. He d. June 29, 1843, aged 58. 

They had four children, all born in New Salem : — 

217. Martin Thomas, b. Dec. 18, 1S09 ; d. Sept. 30, 1813. 

218. Lydia Ann Thomas, b. Dec. 29, 1810; m. 1st Winslow Fackard and 

had issue, 2d M. Deacon Perley Howard, of Barre, Mass., May 30, 
1858. He d. Dec. 5, 1871 ; no issue. 

219. Almira Thomas, b. May 25, 1812; m. Daniel Freeman Oct. 7, 1851, 

who d. April 18. 1887 ; no issue. 

220. Martin Thomas, b. Dec. 8, 1815 ; m. Ann Fisher, of Colerain, Mass. ; 

d. May 8, 1871 ; had issue. 

75. Mary Thomas 4 (dau. of Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in New Salem, Mass., Aug. 9, 1786; m. James 
Luddon, Oct., 1808. Soon after their marriage they 
moved to Rutland, Jefferson Co., N. Y., where their first 
two children were born. Some time in 181-1-15, they, 
with the family of llhoda Phillips (77), moved to Henri- 
etta, Monroe Co., N. Y. In 1838 they moved to Murray, 
in same county, where she d. Nov. 9, 1840, aged 53. 
James Luddon d. Aug. 14, 1849. 

They had four children : — 

221. Amos Luddon, b. in Rutland, Jefferson Co., N. Y., July 25, 1809; d. 

Feb., 1867; unm. 

222. Eunice Luddon, b. in Rutland Feb. 23, 1812; d. Feb. 14, 1859; unm. ; 

was a teacher. 

223. Mary Ann Luddon, b. in Henrietta, N. Y., April 5, 1816; m. Jamns 

M. Curtis Oct. 13, 1839; had nine children. 

224. Rhoda Sarepta Luddon, b. in Henrietta, N. Y., Aug. 10, 1831 ; in. 

George L. Stone and had five children. 



80 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

77. Rhoda Thomas 4 (dau. of Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ), 
b. Dec. 22, 1790, at New Salem, Mass.; m. 1st Benjamin 
Phillips in 1813 or '14. Soon after settled in Rutland, 
Jefferson Co., N. Y., where her sister, Mary Luddon (75), 
was then living. After remaining in Rutland for a short 
time, they removed with the •Luddons to Henrietta, 
Monroe Co., N. Y. Benjamin Phillips was killed at the 
raising of a barn in Henrietta, N. Y., April 23, 1831 ; 
and she m. 2d Samuel Whitcomb, a very popular hotel- 
keeper of Parma Corners, N. Y., early in 1833. Samuel 
Whitcomb d. in 1843, and she m. 3d Miner Brown, of 
Henrietta, N. Y., in 1848, whom she survived. Miner 
Brown d. in 1860. She d. Oct. 21, I860, in Henrietta, 
N. Y., aged 75. 

Rhoda Thomas was a woman of marked traits of char- 
acter, gentle and loving in her disposition, and highly 
esteemed by all who knew her. She was a member of 
the Baptist Church. 

She had the following children. By Benjamin Phillips, 
her first husband : — 

225. Rhoda Phillips, b. in Henrietta, N. Y., Nov. 3, 1815 ; m. George W. 

Brown and had issue. 

226. Lura Emily Phillips, b. in Henrietta, N. Y., 1817 ; m. Sereno Stone 

and had issue. 

227. Harvey Thomas Phillips, b. in Henrietta, N. Y., Feb. 5, 1824 ; m. 

1st Bettie Brackner, 2d Kate Dyson, 3d Bettie Wharton, and had 
issue. 

By Samuel Whitcomb, her second husband : — 

228. Dwight Whitcomb, b. Nov. 30, 1833 ; d. July 9, 1852, aged 19. 

78. Ardon Thomas 4 (son of Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in New Salem (now Prescott), Mass., Sept. 24, 
1795. He m. Sarepta Holmes, dau. of James and Da- 
maris Holmes, of New Braintree, Mass., June 12, 1822. 
In his younger days he taught school. After his mar- 
riage he moved to Western New York, where a brother 




MRS. RHODA (THOMAS) PHILLIPS. 



PHOTO-COLLOTYPE. HO"E M'F'G CO. 




ARDON THOMAS. 



FOURTH GENERATION. SI 

and three married sisters had previously settled. At the 
end of about two years he returned to Massachusetts, 
and with his younger brother, Alpheus, settled upon the 
old homestead with the view of caring for their aged 
parents. Later, the old people went to live with their 
daughter, Eunice Bigelow, with whom they spent the 
residue of their days ; and Ardon engaged in mercantile 
pursuits, opening a general country store in Prescott. 
Selling out to his brother, Alpheus, he again engaged in 
farming about 1840. In 1846 he sold his farm in Pres- 
cott and purchased another in Barre, Mass., where he 
lived until the death of his wife, in 1865. After this 
he lived with his oldest son, Alpheus O. Thomas, at 
Waltham. For ten years before his death he was afflicted 
with blindness, which he bore with Christian fortitude. 
He was a member of the Baptist Church and an hon- 
ored and respected citizen w T herever he lived. 

Ardon Thomas met with such a number of remarkable 
escapes from violent death as to have led to the claim 
of his possessing a charmed life. On one occasion, a pair 
of young colts running away with him, he was thrown 
with great violence against a stone gate-post, escaping 
with but a fractured rib. Again, while at the bottom of 
a deep well, which he was stoning up, the " boat," by 
means of which the stones were bein<>- lowered bv the aid 
of a windlass, from some cause upset, the contents falling 
around him; yet he escaped uninjured. On another 
occasion, in attempting to cross a stream in a boat, the 
strong current swept him to the edge of a dam thrown 
across the stream, and he was saved from being carried 
over by catching the branches of an overhanging tree. 
At another time he fell into a saw-mill race in the 
winter, breaking through the ice. Fortunately, the mill- 
gate was closed, otherwise the current would at least 



82 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

have carried him under the ice, if not to the wheel. 
Coming up at the opening in the ice made by the fall 
he was safely rescued. Again, in hauling a load of hay 
into the barn with an ox-team, by accident he fell beneath 
one of the cart-wheels. The wheel, instead of rolling 
over him, slid upon the floor, pushing his body in ad- 
vance, and thus he again escaped what might have been a 
fatal injury. He d. in Waltham, Nov. 4, 1874, aged 81. 
He had five children : — 

229. Alpheus Orlando Thomas, b. at Prescott, Mass., Jan. 29, 1826; in. 

Elizabeth Ocfovd Hill and has issue. 

230. James Holmes Thomas, b. at Prescott Feb. S, 1827; m. Lucy A. Wel- 

lington and has issue. 

231. Rosannah Sarepta Thomas, b. at New Salem Nov. 29, 1829; m. Chas 

Webb and has issue. 

232. Rufina Finetta Thomas, b. at New Salem May 20, 1834; m. Alden 

B. Woodis and has issue. 

233. Charles Marshman Wade Thomas, b. at New Salem Nov. 29, 1837; 

m. Mary E. Howard, of Sutton, Mass., March 22, 1870; no issue. 
He is a carpenter and builder, and resides at Brocton, Mass. 

80. Alpheus Thomas 4 (ninth and youngest son of 
Amos, : ' Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., 
April 2, 1797; m. Electa Bangs, dau. of Nathaniel 
Bangs, in 1820. She was b. Dec. 6, 1795, and d. Sept. 
21, 1867. 

' Alpheus Thomas taught school twenty winters and 
was regarded an excellent disciplinarian as well as 
teacher. He had the reputation of always succeeding as 
" master," and was sought for by committees for the most 
difficult places. He became extensively engaged in 
farming, often possessing large tracts of land and was the 
owner of several farms at a time. He was, also, a mer- 
chant at North Prescott for many years, and, though 
never rich, he acquired a comparatively large estate. He 
held at different times various town offices, and was fre- 
quently called upon in the settlement of disputes and 
difficulties so often arising among neighbors. He died 




ALPHEUS THOMAS. 



PHOTO-COLLOTYPE. MOPE W'F'G CO. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 83 

at the residence of his son, Charles U. Thomas, in Boston, 
May 17, 1878, aged 81, and was buried at North Pres- 
cott.* He was a member of the Methodist Church, and 
a Republican in politics. 

They had eight children : — 

234. A son, b. May 6, 1821 ; d. May 8, 1821. 

235. Eliza Ann Thomas, b. Oct. 5, 1822; m. Rev. Rodney Gage-, she d. Oct. 

25, 1852, and left issue. 

236. Sarah Newcomb Thomas, b. Dec. 4, 1825; m. Rev. Rodney Gage; she 

d. April 13, 1880, and left issue. 

237. Alpheus C. W. Thomas, b. Nov. 15, 1827; d. Feb. 1, 1843, aged 15. 

238. Edward Augustus Thomas, b. April 10, 1829; m. Betsy Maria Bacon 

and has issue. 

239. Rev. Chauncy Boardman Thomas, b. Sept. 7, 1834; m. Catharine 

Storm; d. Jan. 20, 1881, and left issue. 

240. Charles Utley .Thomas, b. Feb. 10, 1836; m. Harriet F. Fifield and 

has issue. 

241. Edwin Augustine Thomas, b. Aug. 13, 1841 ; m. Lucy A. Parkhurst 

and has issue. 



84. Sabra Thomas 4 (dau. of Joseph, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in Hardwick, Mass., Aug. 29, 1780; m. Levi 
Goodrich Nov. 27, 1803. She moved to Hardwick, Vt., 
early in the century. She d. in Hardwick, Vt., May 28, 
1856, aged 76. She had five children : — 

242. Louisa Goodrich. 

243. Susan Goodrich. 

244. Augustus Goodrich. 

245. Frederick Goodrich. 

246. Arseneth Goodrich. 

* The following notice appeared in an Amherst paper: "Mr. Alpheus 
Thomas, whose remains were brought to this town on Saturday last, was known 
to many of the people of Amherst as the aged gentleman who has spent a number 
of summers with his son, Hon. E. A. Thomas, on Prospect Street. He died of 
pneumonia, May 17, at the age of 81, at the residence of his son, Mr. C. L'. 
Thomas, in Boston. Mr. Thomas was the youngest of fifteen children, none of 
whom to-day survive him. Brief services were held Sabbath morning in this 
town, and his remains then carried to his old home at North Prescott, where he 
had lived for seventy years. Rev. Mr. Hatch, pastor of the M. E. Church of 
which Mr. Thomas was a member, and Rev. N. B. Jones, of the Baptist Church, 
an acquaintance of forty -five years, conducted the services in that place. A large 
assemblage of people, many coming from a long distance, met his sons at the 
old home, and mingled with them their sympathy and their tears, and assisted 
in the burial of their dead." 



84 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWICK. 

86. Susan Thomas 4 (dan. of Joseph, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in Hardwick, Mass., March 23, 1187. She m. 
March 1, 1808, Jesse Goodrich, b. June 5, 1781. She 
cl. in Hardwick, Vt., June 19, 186— 

She had twelve children : — 

247. Ira T. Goodrich, b. April 4, 1809; d. Jan. 6, 1889. He m. Rosette 

Wells Feb. 8, 1843, who d. June 22, 1852; m. 2d Mary Thompson 
April 4, 1854. 

248. Noah L. Goodrich, b. May 15, 1810; m. M. Davis Sept. 30, 1847. 

249. Mary B. Goodrich, b. Nov. 18, 1811; m. Adams Amsden June 10, 

1835; d. Nov. 27, 1877. 

250. Juvenus J. Goodrich, b. Jan. 18, 1814; d. Oct. 11, 1815. 

251. Juvenus J. Goodrich, b. Nov. 25, 1815; m. Mary C. Jennison 

June 11, 1840. 

252. Harriet L. Goodrich, b. Aug. 9, 1817; m. Bernard Powers, Jr., Feb. 

9, 1S46 ; cl. Aug. 28, 1858. 

253. Levi R. Goodrich, b. Feb. 9, 1819. 

254. Frederick A. Goodrich, b. Jan. 10, 1822. 

255. Susan A. Goodrich, b. July 11, 1824; m. James Nelson June 26, 1835. 

256. Hiram A. Goodrich, b. Aug. 25, 1826. 

257. Edwin Goodrich, b. June 27, 1828. 

258. Cordelia E. Goodrich, b. May 13, 1830 ; m. Geo. B. Bush Jan. 1, 1848. 

87. Dolly Thomas 4 (dan. of Joseph, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. in Hardwick, Mass., , 1785; m. 1st 

Jonathan French, 2d Daniel French ; d. in Hardwick, 
Vt., Sept, 16, 1871, aged 86. 

She had two children : — 

259. Jonathan French. 

260. French. 

89. Benjamin Franklin Thomas 4 (son of Joseph, 3 

Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Hardwick, Mass., , 

1791; m. Ella Curtis; d. in Hardwick, Vt, Oct. 3, 1858, 
aged 67. 

He had eight children : — 

261. Sally Thomas. 

262. B. Franklin Thomas. 

263. Elisha Billings Thomas. 

264. Fanny Thomas. 

265. Elizabeth Thomas. 

266. Elsie Thomas. 

267. died young; no name. 

268. died young ; no name. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 85 

90. Eltsha Billings Thomas 4 (son of Joseph, 3 Amos,' 2 
William 1 ) was b. in Hardwick, Mass., June 1, 1792; m. 
Temperance Lucas ; date of marriage unknown. He 
lived and died upon the farm that had been cleared up 
by his father, Joseph Thomas, one of the earliest settlers 
in Hardwick, Vt. He d. June 31, 1874, aged 82. His 
wife d. May 4, 1881. 

They had seven, children: — 

269. Joseph Warren Thomas, b. in Hardwick, Vt., Jan. 4, 1820; m. Cor- 

delia Gilman Nov. 25, 18-45, and d. in Hardwick, Vt., Oct. 11, 1888, 
aged 68, from injuries received by falling from and being run over 
by a load of lumber ; no issue. 

270. Cordelia Em.eline Thomas, b. in Hardwick, Vt., April 17, 1821; d. 

July 3, 1844; unm. 

271. Mary Billings Thomas, b. in Hardwick, Vt., Jan. 1, 1824; m. Orrin 

B. Hall Jan. 1, 1850, and bad issue; nfr. 

272. Andrew Jackson Thomas, b. in Hardwick, Vt., Nov. 9, 1827; m 

Miranda P. Thurber March 31, 1851, and had issue. 
■273. A son died in infancy. 
274. " " 



93. Perthenia Thomas 4 (dau. of Daniel, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. in Hardwick, Mass., May 31, 1774; m. 
Joseph Crowell Oct. 24, 1793. They had the care of 
an insane brother of Joseph, her husband, who set fire 
to the house Jan. 22, 1812, and Thomas Crowell, the 
insane brother, perished in the flames. Some years later 
the family moved to Broome, N. Y. Date of death 
unknown. 

They had eight children, born in Hardwick, Mass.: — 

276. Pauline Crowell, b. Dec. 3, 1794 ; m. Jesse Shaw Dec. 19, 1813. 

277. Adolphus Crowell, b. Feb. 3, 1797. 

278. Maurice Crowell, b. March 25, 1798. 

279. Erastus Crowell, b. May 10, 1799; m. Rebecca Botherell. 

280. Saphronia Crowell, b. April 14, 1801. 

281. Jerusha Crowell, b. April 16, 1803. 

282. Harvey Crowell, b. Dec. 15, 1804. 

283. Pliny Thomas Crowell, baptized Sept. 16, 1810. 



86 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

95. Lucinda Thomas 4 (dau. of Daniel, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was born in Hardwick, Mass., , 1778; m. 

Abel Ruggles May 8, 1799, son of Edward Ruggles, and 
b. March 26, 1776. They moved to Carmel, Me. He 
was a member of the convention for framing the consti- 
tution of Maine. 

She had eight children : — 

284. Daniel Ruggles, b. March 9, 1800; m. Sarah Mayo, of Hampden, 

Me., and d. Sept., 18G2, aged 62, and had issue. 

285. Lucinda Ruggles, b. ; m. Enoch Mayo and had issue. 

286. Asa Ruggles, b. ; unm. ; was drowned April, 1827. 

287. Mercy Ruggles, b. ; m. Elisha Mayo and had issue. 

288. Betsy N. Ruggles, b. ; m. Prince Gorham. 

289. Aeel Ruggles, b. ; m. Jane and had issue. 

290. Luthera R-uggles, b. ; d. July, 1844 or '45. 

291. Anna D. Ruggles, b. ; m. Joseph Getchell ; d. in 1859 and had 

issue. 

96. Mercy Thomas 4 (dau. of Daniel, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. in 1780; m. Isaac Warner Oct. 19, 
1800. He was a mechanic, and lived near Gilbertville, 
Mass., but removed to Weathersfield, Yt., about 1817. 
Date of death unknown. 

They had eight children : — 

292. Minerva Warner, b. July 6, 1801. 

293. Anson Warner, b.Sept. 20, 1802. 

294. Cyrus Warner, b. in 1804. 

295. William Warner, b. Nov. 1, 1805 ; d. Sept. 8, 1814. 

296. Lucinda Warner, b. Feb. 25, 1807. 

297. Marie Warner, b. March 29, 1809. . 

298. Henry Warner, b. March 9, 1812. 

299. Marie Emeline Warner, b. July 4, 1814. 



100. Theophilus Hastings 4 (son of Submit Jordan, 3 
Temperance [Thomas] Jordan, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 
Hardwick, Mass., Dec. 25, 1764. He m. Betsy Prince 
Ames, of Bane, Mass., Dec. 22, 1785. He d. Oct. 31, 
1842, aged 78. She d. Aug. 14, 1844, aged 76. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 87 

They had eight children : — 

300. Betsy Hastings, b. 1786 ; m. Timothy P. Anderson Oct. 17, 1811, and 

d. Nov. 25, 1868, aged 82, and had issue. 

301. Annie Hastings, b. ; in. Sevvell Marsh, of Ware, May 11, 1815; 

nfr. 

302. Walter Hastings, b. ; m. Mary Babbell, of Barre, Mass., pub. 

May 22, 1822; nfr. 

303. John Ames Hastings, b. 1798 ; d. June 9, 1801. 

304. Hiram Hastings, b« 1801 ; d. Dec. 27, 1831. 

305. Harriet Hastings, b. 1805 ; m. William Frost Feb. 5, 1843, and d. 

June 29, 1845, aged 40; bad issue. 

306. Barnabus Hastings, b. 1807 ; d. May 9, 1807. 

307. Henrietta Hastings, b. 1810; m. William Frost (whose first wife was 

Harriet Hastings), Sept. 22, 1846. 



106. Charles Henry Thomas 4 (son of Israel, 3 Israel, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in Hardwiek, Mass., May 10, 1832; 
m. Harriet A. Spooner, of Dana, Feb. 8, 1855. 

They had two children, both b. in Greenwich : — 

'308. William Henry Thomas, b. Jan. 3, 1856. 

309. Clara Sara Thomas, b. Oct. 8, 1857; d. May 11, 1858. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 

" How loved, how honored once, avails thee not; 
To whom related or by whom begot ; 
A heap of dust alone remains of thee ; 
'Tis all thou art, and all the proud shall be." — Pope. 

117. Ruth Cutler Thomas 5 (dau. of Orsamus, 4 Dr. 
William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Provincetown Dec. 
17, 1804; m. June 15, 1823, to William Allerton, b. in 
Birmingham, Eng., June 8, 1801. He d. at Gloucester, 
Mass., April 13, 1880. She d. at Gloucester Sept. 4, 
1874. 

They had twelve children, all born in Provincetown : — 

310. Caroline Allerton, b. Nov. 7, 1824; d., unm, 1844. 

311. Orsamus Thomas Allerton, b. Aug. 17, 1825. He m. 1st Louisa L. 

Perham July 17, 1853; she d. Feb. 15, 1857. He m. 2d Louisa 
Wonson, still living. He d. at Gloucester in the fall of 1868. He 
had two children ; nfr. 

312. Helen Allerton, b. Oct. 6, 1828 ; m. David Sanford Hopkins, of 

Orleans, Mass., where she now lives ; has four children ; nfr. 

313. Abbie Beals Allerton, b. Dec. 4, 1830; m. Joseph M. CatonNov. 24, 

1823 ; his parents were b. in Lisbon, Portugal ; both now living in 
Provincetown ; had one child ; nfr. 

314. Ruth Hinckley Allerton, b. Aug. 20, 1833 ; d. Pec. 12, 1841. 

315. Elizabeth Scott Allerton, b. June 25, 1836; m. Benjamin Wonson ; 

she d. ; had five or six children ; nfr. 

316. William James Allerton, b. July 10, 1838 ; d. Nov. 12. 1838. 

317. Caroline Allerton (twin), b. same date ; d. Dec. 1, 1838. 

318. Mary Caroline Allerton, b. June 20, 1839; m. at Beverly, Mass., 

to Addison Allen ; she d. at Gloucester. 

319. William Allerton, b. April 26, 1842; d. Jan. 4, 1845. 

320. Ruth Allerton, b. Feb. 14, 1845 ; m. George Douglass Sept. 10, 1872; 

she d. at Gloucester April 10, 1887; had three children; nfr. 

321. William Allerton, b. July 27/1848; d. Aug. 14, 1849. 

119. Abigail Beals Thomas 5 (dau. of Orsamus, 4 
Dr. William, 3 Amos,' 2 William 1 ) was b. in Provincetown, 
Mass., May 28, 1809. After the death of her father, 
Nov. 22, 1822, she, with her sister, Pauline, was adopted 

(88) 



FIFTH GENERATION. 89 

by her uncle, Samuel Beals Thomas, hotel-keeper, of 
Worcester, Mass. She m. Phineas Warner Wait May 21, 
1838, son of Elmer Wait and Betsy Warner. After the 
death of Samuel B. Thomas, Mr. Wait became proprietor 
of the Exchange Hotel. Later, they moved to Zanes- 
ville, O., where he d. in the same business. She d. Sept. 
24, 1878, having had three children: — 

322. William Thomas Wait, b. May 13, 1839, in Worcester, Mass. In 
1858 he went to New Orleans to take a position as book-keeper in the business 
house of his uncle, John E. Thomas. A painful mystery surrounds the circum- 
stances of his death. In 1863 he was sent on a business trip to Mexico by Ins 
employers. Here he found many men who had left New Orleans to escape the 
Confederate draft. Knowing his trustworthy character, these men took ad- 
vantage of the opportunity for sending money to their families on his return 
to New Orleans. He was never seen after. Strong suspicions were felt that he 
had been murdered for this money. A detective was sent to investigate the 
matter. Some of his personal effects were recovered and sent to his mother, 
but no clue was ever obtained as to his fate. 

323. Sarah Thomas Wait, b. at Worcester, Mass , Sept. 21, 1812 ; m. Daniel 
Crowell Nov. 10, 1869, and had one dau., Willietta Crowell. 

324. Charles Arthur Wait, b. in Boston, Mass., Sept. 2, 1851; d. March 
11, 1874, at Fanuel, Mass. He was a young man of unusual ability, manifest- 
ing such business capacity and such traits of character as to have promised much 
for his future. 

120. Pauline Nickerson Thomas 5 (dau. of Orsamus, 4 
Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Provincetown 
Dec. 11, 1811. She was adopted by her uncle, Samuel 
Beals Thomas, with her older sister, Abigail, upon the 
death of her father, in 1822. She m. April 12, 1848, 
Geo. Gale, of lloxbury, son of Isaac Gale and Anna 
Norcross. Geo. Gale held the office of Registrar in the 
city of Worcester, Mass. He d. in 1855. She is now 
living with her niece, Mrs. Crowell, at Montvale, Mass. 
She forms one of the connecting-links between the 
present and the early part of the century, and gives 
many reminiscences of old times and of family connec- 
tions. She has one child : — 



90 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

325. Emma Josephine Thomas Gale, b. March 14, 1849, at Boston, Mass. 

She resides with her mother at Montvale, Mass. Miss Gale is a 
writer of ability, of both prose and verse. 

121. Isabella Nickerson Thomas 5 (dau. of Orsamus, 4 

Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. at Provincetown, 
Mass., Feb. 9, 1814; m. 1st John Stone, a merchant at 
Provincetown, about 1837. He d. about 1842. She m. 2d 
Nathan Stone, a carpenter, about 1845. He d. Feb. 18, 
1881. She is still living at Dennis, Mass. She had two 
children, b. in Dennis : — 
By first husband : 

326. John Murry Stone, b. Sept., 1839 ; m. Cynthia Crowell ; had two chil- 

dren ; nfr. 

By second husband : 

327. Sarah Emeline Stone, b. May 1850; m. Sept., 1870, James Howes 

a farmer of Dennis, Mass. ; had four children ; nfr. 

122. Abiah Nickerson Thomas 5 (dau. of Orsamus, 4 
Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Provincetown, 
Mass., July 12, 1816; m. Reuben Collins, a sea-captain, 
son of Richard Collins, of Truro, Mass., in 1836. He d. 
Aug. 12, 1883. She d. at Provincetown July 31, 1871. 

She had three children : — 

328. Richard Freeman Collins, b. March 2, 1837; a mariner; unm. 

329. Minnie Thomas Collins, b. Sept. 15, 1839 ; unm. ; residence, 

Provincetown. 

330. John Eldridge Collins, b. Feb 24,1847; m. Sept. 6, 1868, Ella Fran- 

ces Sholes, dau. of Henry Sholes, of Truro, Mass. ; mariner ; he d. 
May 3, 1SS2. She resides at Provincetown. 

124. John Eldridge Thomas 5 (son of Orsamus, 4 Dr. 
William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Provincetown 
March 20, 1820. In 1849 he m. Emma Josephine Pem- 
berton, dau. of Captain Henry Pemberton, of Liverpool, 
England, and Elizabeth O. Pye, his wife. He went to 
New Orleans, La., about 1850, and engaged in the ship- 
ping business ; was of the firm of Thomas & Foley. He 
was drowned June 24, 1868, by the foundering of one 



FIFTH GENERATION. 91 

of their vessels at the mouth of the Brazos River while 
on a trial trip. A New Orleans paper contains the fol- 
lowing account of this disaster : — 

" We are pained to hear of the death of our esteemed friend, Captain John 
Eldridge Thomas, of this city, who lost his life by the foundering of the steamer 
" Selma" off Velasco, near the mouth of the Brazos River, Texas, on the morn- 
ing of the 24th inst. (June 24, 1868). The " Selma" was formerly — before the 
war — one of the mail-boats running between this port and Mobile. During the 
war she was converted into a Confederate gun-boat. Recently, a number of 
enterprising citizens, among whom was Captain Thomas, purchased the 
" Selma " and fitted her out for a cattle transport to run between Indianola and 
New Orleans. Saturday morning a dispatch was received from Captain 
McLean, at Galveston, stating that the " Selma " had foundered in the Gulf, 
and that his son, with Captain Thomas, two cooks, the steward, and a passenger. 
were lost. Captain Thomas's body had been recovered and buried. 

" Captain Thomas was a member of the firm of Thomas & Foley, well-known 
shippers of this city. As a merchant, he was high-toned and honest in his 
dealings with his fellow-men. He was brimful of energy and enterprise, and 
a most useful and valuable member of our commerc'al community. In private 
life he was remarkable for his geniality of manner and liberality of sentiment. 
All of his associates and acquaintances esteemed him highly, and there are 
many in this city and elsewhere who will sincerely lament his loss." 

John Eldridge Thomas had four children : — 

331. Emma Louisa Thomas, b. Aug., 1852. 

332. Elizabeth Pemberton Thomas, b. March, 1854 ; d. in New Orleans. 

333. Henrietta Pemberton Thomas, b. Jan., 1856 ; d. in New Orleans. 

334. Ida Josephine Thomas, b. 1858; d. in New Orleans. 

125. Sarah Kellogg Thomas 5 (dau. of Orsamus, 4 Dr. 
William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Provincetown, 
Mass., Sept. 10, 1822. She m. John F. Locke, son of 
Ward Locke, of Ashby, N. H., in 1845. Mr. Locke 
was an architect. About 1849 he moved to New 
Orleans, and later to Mexico. Lost sight of since. 

They had five children : — 

335. Samuel Thomas Locke, b. Sept., 1846, in Boston. 

336. Emma Locke, b. Sept., 1848, in Boston. 

337. Ida Isabella Locke, b. Nov. 19, 1851, in New Orleans. 

338. Ada Elizabeth Locke, b. same date; twins. 

339. Frank Monroe Locke, b. Feb., 1859. 



92 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

126. Merrick Thomas 5 (son of Seneca, 4 Dr. William,? 
Amos, 2 William 1 ), b. at what is now called St. Albans, Vt, 
May 26, 1803, was the oldest son of Seneca, and, it is 
said, was the first white child b. in that place. When 
his father was taken prisoner of war, and when his 
mother d., he was less than 10 years of age. 

From that time forward he had to do battle for him- 
self. In after years, among his earliest recollections was 
that of driving an army cart in the rear of the British 
forces on their way to Burlington Heights. About this 
time he commenced living with, and was employed by, 
a Mr. William Kent, who lived at a place at the head 
of Lake Ontario, called Saltfleet, where he had a store, 
salt-works, and a saw-mill. He also owned vessels on 
the lake. Here the boy worked his way as a sawyer, 
sailor, and clerk to the position of general manager. 

When he left Mr. Kent he became general manager 
for William Chisholm, who was engaged in a very ex- 
tensive mercantile and lumber business at Nelson, Ont., 
rafting timber and staves clown the St. Lawrence to 
Quebec, also running a line of vessels over the same 
route. Mr. Chisholm purchased what is now the town 
of Oakville, Ont., and put Mr. Thomas in charge of the 
settlement. He became main mover in the enterprise, 
clearing up the forest, erecting buildings, improving the 
harbor, building piers, also vessels, and freighting them 
to other ports. Here, it is claimed, was built the first 
steam-boat on Lake Ontario. A very extensive business 
was carried on at Oakville for many years. Mr. Thomas 
purchased lands adjoining the town site, where he erected 
buildings and made such improvements as his tastes 
dictated. To this place he retired about 1834. He was 
a Justice of the Peace for the united counties of Went- 
worth and Halton, District of Gore. He held a com- 



FIFTH GENERATION. 93 

mission as captain of artillery, and was a Government 
Commissioner of Light-houses and Harbors. He was a 
man of much influence, and, had his tastes led him into 
politics, would have been successful as a popular leader. 
His wife was Esther Silverthorn, of Lundy's Lane, who, 
in 1890, still lives with the youngest son on the old 
place called Mulberry Hill. 
They had seven children : — 

340. Charles "William Thomas, b. Sept. 23, 1830; m. 1st Mary Ann 

Smith, of Blockey, Worcestershire, Eng. ; 2d m. Martha E., widow 
of Thomas Q. Mears, of Buffalo, N. Y. ; has issue. 

341. Esther Thomas (twin), b. Nov. 8, 1832; d. Nov. 23, 1832. 

342. Aseneth Thomas (twin), b. Nov. 8, 1832; d. Nov. 21, 1832. 

343. George Chisholm Thomas, b. Jan. 28, 1834 ; in. Sarah Elizabeth 

Hollis, of Boston, Mass ; has issue. 

344. Rebecca Elizabeth Thomas, b. Feb. 28, 1838 ; d. April 28, 1S40. 

345. John Alexander Thomas, b. Feb. 25, 1841 ; m. Caroline Augusta 

Boynton, who d. May 7, 1889 ; he is a plumber, living at 71 Cbap- 
man St., Boston ; no issue. 

346. Robert Murray Thomas, b. Nov. 12, 1846. He had the misfortune, 

at the age of 3 or 4 years, to become deaf and dumb ; he was edu- 
cated at Hartford, Conn., is a good farmer, and lives, unmarried, with 
his mother on the old homestead at Oakville, Ont. 



127. Charles Augustus Thomas 5 (son of Seneca, 4 Dr. 
William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Sept. 14, 1809, at 
Irasburg, Vt. He was less than three years old at the 
death of his mother, and, we think, lived with his brother 
Merrick, at Mr. Kent's, until his fifteenth year, when he 
tramped for the home of his ancestors, in Eastern Massa- 
chusetts. Stopping at Williamstown a few weeks with 
his uncle William, he left a reputation for studiousness 
impelled by earnest motives. He stopped a while at the 
old homestead at Brookfield, again at Worcester, but 
finally went into Boston and into the employ of a grocer, 
with whom he remained as clerk and afterward partner 
till his associate's death, when he continued the business 



94 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWICK. 

in his own name. He was located in Chickering Build- 
ing when it was burned, about 1850 ; losing everything, 
he started in again at the corner of Beech and Wash- 
ington Streets, taking his head clerk as partner, under 
the name of Thomas & Merriam. Here he did a suc- 
cessful business until a little before his death, which 
occurred March 9, 1864, when he sold his interest to his 
partner. He managed, somehow, to get an excellent 
business education, and was a man of note among busi- 
ness men in his day. His credit among merchants was 
unlimited, because of his good judgment and his absolute 
integrity. 

His correspondence shows that he was actuated by the 
highest motives, and, though at times an irascible man, 
was very companionable with those who understood him. 
He was self-reliant and original. At the burial of his 
father, the sexton asked if he wished to bury the plate 
with the casket. He replied : " I don't know. What is 
the custom I I never buried my father before." When, 
still at his business, his physician told him that his life 
was limited and the bounds only a little way off, he 
seemed unmoved ; wanted the limits of his business pos- 
sibilities fixed, and settled up his affairs ; then — not till 
then — laying himself down for the last time, telling his 
family what he had done and what the fates had in store 
for him. 

May 12, 1839, he m. Adrienne Josephine Charrier, of 
Paris, France, a woman of good education and great 
personal beauty and worth. She d. Dec. 27, 1884, out- 
living Mr. Thomas nearly twenty years. 

They had seven children : — 

347. Adrienne Josephine Thomas, b. May 23, 1840; m. James Whitney, 
foreign buyer for Arnold Constable & Co., of New York. She d. 
Dec. 3, 1864, leaving one son, George, a stock-broker in New York, 
who has since d. unm. 



FIFTH GENEKATION. 95 

348. Charles John Thomas, b. Feb. 2, 1S43 ; d. April 11, 1843. 

349. Emma Thomas, b. March 4, 1845, andd., uurn, Jan. 25, 1869. 

She had a fine education, marked abilities, and moved in literary circles; 
was speechless for nearly a year before her death. 

350. George Gibbs Thomas, b. Oct. 11, 1848; was killed while playing 

with the cars, about 1861 or '62. He was a fine scholar and was 
intending to enter Harvard. 

351. Charles Charrier Thomas, b. Nov. 5, 1851. 

He was educated in the schools of Boston and of Berlin, Prussia. He was 
a fine English scholar, and spoke German and French with ease. After his 
return to Boston he went into a wool-store to learn the business, where 
he remained about two years. Possessed by inheritance of a love of adven- 
ture, and having a desire to establish himself in the wholesale wool busi- 
ness, he conceived the idea of going to Cape Town to open up a trade with 
Boston. He could not be persuaded nor reasoned out of this venture ; and so, 
pecuniarily equipped by his mother, he went out to Africa only to find that the 
business was controlled by English monopoly, and that he would not even be 
tolerated. Smarting under the anticipated " I told you so " awaiting him at 
home, he joined a trading party going into Central Africa, and was with them 
in the interior for a year. After his return to Cape Town he fitted out an expe- 
dition of his own, which, I think, was not altogether successful, as he was 
prostrated with a fever, from which he got up with partially paralyzed lower 
limbs, and on account cf which he returned to Boston. Not getting help here; 
he went to England to consult an eminent surgeon who had practiced in Africa, 
and who told him that lie could do him no good ; that to get help he must go 
back into the African climate. On account of this advice he' concluded to return 
to Africa. Some merchants, associating themselves with him, took a venture, 
and, chartering a vessel, loaded it with such goods as he thought most profitable 
for trading on the coast of Africa. He went out as supercargo, but to remain 
and establish a trading-post on the west coast. Arriving off St. Helena, he was 
taken with coast fever and was carried to the hospital. The Englis-h authorities 
reported his death to the captain, who, having no one aboard acquainted with 
trade, weighed anchor and returned to Boston. Charles, however, got well, and, 
finding that his vessel had returned, proceeded in disgust to the Continent in 
perfect health, having recovered the use of his limbs. There, on the west coast, 
about latitude 22° south, he went into .the employ of a noted Dane by the name, 
I think, of Erickson, who controlled things in that region, and was a trader 
with the interior through the medium of expeditions, differing from the cara- 
vans of the East in having oxen instead of camels for beasts of burden. Charles, 
on account of his abilities, his education, especially the linguistic part (since he 
already spoke two or three of the native languages), and his winning address, was 
put in charge of the most important expedition into Central Africa, to be gone 
two or more years. He was so successful that, after his return, his employer 
took him and his capital in company with him. At this time he attracted the 
attention of the British Geographical Society, who became interested in him, 
and who, after his death, applied for, and had for some time in London, his very 
full and interesting journals, since, unfortunately, destroyed by fire. 



96 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. « 

After this partnership was established, they fitted out an extensive trading 
expedition, which was through the Damara, Ovampo, and Mokololo countries 
into the regions beyond. Charles again went out in charge of it. In the second 
year of the expedition he was invited by a chieftain in the country somewhere 
to the northeast of Lake Ngami to visit and hunt with him. Having trade in 
view, he accepted the invitation ; but, on arriving at the boundary, which at 
this point was a river, he met the tribe in hostile array, who, instigated by a 
rival (Portugese) expedition, refused to allow them to enter their country under 
the plea that their big Elephant guns would frighten away the game. As has 
been related by associate Americans in his employ, and by his younger brother 
who was with him at this time, he not only had tact in managing the natives, 
but was possessed of unflinching nerve when circumstances called for decisive 
action. It had been a custom with him, when danger presented itself in 
the form of threatening by the natives, to march directly up to and overawe 
them. It had served him well through all the years of his contact with the 
negro race ; but it failed him on the following day, when, alone and unarmed, 
he rode into the river and into the face of his now hostile friends, horse and 
rider going down under a shower of assegais,* while his well-armed friends 
stood paralyzed upon the opposite shore. 

352. Mary Thomas, b. May 14, 1854; d. June 9, 1854. 

353. John Louis Thomas, b. June 13, 1855. 

He graduated at the Boston schools ; was for a time in the Agricultural 
College at Amherst, Mass., but left and went to Central Africa in pursuit of his 
brother, Charles Charrier, who had not been heard from for more than two 
years. He was successful, and remained with him until Charles's death, which 
occurred two or three years later. Returning to America, he remained for awhile 
in Boston, but the force of new habits made city life intolerable to him ; so, having 
promised his mother that he would not leave this continent while she lived, he 
went out to Colorado, where he remained until her death. Afterward he went 
to California, and when he left Boston expressed the intention of going either 
to Africa or Australia. c. i>. T. 



130. Dwight Thomas" (son of William, 4 Dr. William, 3 
Amos 2 , William 1 ), b. at Hardwick, Vt., Sept. 17, 1800; 
removed with his parents to Pownal, Yt. ; afterward to 
Williamstown, Mass., where he was associated with 
them during the remainder of their lives.' 

Born and reared to manhood on a frontier farm, his 
young life was a struggle with adverse conditions, which, 
though stimulating self-reliance, were little calculated to 
make him a scholar. However, through the aid and 

* Darts used in warfare among the Kaffirs. 



FIFTH GENEKATION. 97 

influence of his parents, he received a fair rudimentary 
education ; yet not enough to keep him from saying to 
his boys, when in after life he felt the need of a higher 
education, that he hoped they would not grow up such 
big blockheads as he. 

Having never left the family nest, his actions were 
somewhat circumscribed ; at least, until the introduction 
of steam as a motive power had displaced old conditions 
and presented to the people new problems for the solu- 
tion of which there was no key. To tell the story of his 
business life previous to this event would be to repeat 
what has already been said in the sketch of his father's 
doings in Williamstown. 

He was tall (about 6 feet) and well proportioned ; had 
dark-brown hair, blue eyes, high forehead, straight and 
prominent nose, and a pretty strong mouth and chin. 
He was an enterprising man, full of energy, of quick 
perceptions, rapid in action, industrious ; finding no time 
in the last half of his adult life for recreation, or even 
the civilities of social life. He was glad to have his 
friends visit him ; wanted them pleasurably entertained 
by the family; but he, himself, must be excused — he was 
always too busy. And this was true. He had so many 
irons in the fire that, for all his vigilance, some were 
burned. Whoever visited with him must follow after in 
the routine of his business. 

He was m. in Sept., 1830, to Mabel N., daughter of 
Martin Townsend, of Hancock, Mass., and Mabel 
Norton, of Worthington, Mass. After completing her 
education, and until her marriage, she taught in the 
public schools of Williamstown. After she became Mrs. 
Thomas, she fell, receiving injuries from which she 
finally died, four days after the birth of a son, Charles 
TJwight Thomas, who was named by her and committed 



98 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

to the care of the paternal grandmother, in the faith that 
he would grow up to manhood and make their hearts 
glad. The hoy is now writing these lines ; but they 
who were to he made glad, where are they 1 It has been 
said that she was a plain woman, but of brilliant parts, 
pleasing manners, and very companionable. Thirty 
years after her death her memory was still cherished in 
that part of the country. 

Not many years after these events came the transition 
period before referred to ; when it was ended, business 
methods had changed and everywhere were strewn the 
wrecks of a certain class of enterprises, among them 
those in which he and bis father had been engaged. 
From this time they seem to have traveled opposite ways ; 
the father in a quiet and conservative path; the son, 
giving loose reins to his pent-up tendencies, bought more 
land and, among other things, went into wool-growing, 
feeding his sheep off the mountain pastures in summer 
and from his well-filled barns in the winter. For several 
years he followed this up with varying fortune, having 
some success but more disappointments, arising from 
cheap wool, predatory dogs, and all the diseases in suc- 
cession to which sheep are liable. When he went out 
of the business he was more of a sheep-doctor than a 
capitalist. During this period he gained much knowl- 
edge of fine wools, and was employed as an expert 
during the buying season by one of the (Harris) wool 
manufacturers of Rhode Island. 

At this time Mr. Thomas was frequently employed by 
his neighbors in the adjustment of their accounts, and 
often acted as arbiter in those cases of disagreement now 
usually settled by the courts. If these tribunals of 
mutual consent did not administer much law, they were 
inexpensive, and a just verdict was as often arrived at as 
when the case was mystified by paid attorneys. 



FIFTH GENEKATION. 99 

He was guardian for Toussaint Louis, an old French 
soldier who came over with Lafayette and served with 
him during the Revolution. Louis was a pensioner, and 
lived opposite Mr. Thomas, in a house built by Colonel 
Simonds, of Indian- War fame. This old Frenchman was 
a good story-teller, and was never so happy as when his 
neighbors were gathered around his big, open fireplace, 
blazing from front to back, listening to his tales of what 
he had seen and knew of La belle France. 

One dark evening Mr. Thomas went to visit his ward. 
Arriving at the gate, which was attached to the open 
curb of a well, he was unable to open it ; so he at- 
tempted to climb over. Being tired, he balanced himself 
for a while, as he supposed, upon the gate ; then leisurely 
jumped down — into the well, 22 feet deep, with 4 feet 
of cold water at the bottom. 

He was early interested in horticulture, introducing 
many new fruits into the orchards ; and by the distribu- 
tion of grafts spread the Baldwin apple through the 
Hoosick Valley, in which lay his lands. He was gen- 
erally at the front in procuring new and improved seeds, 
and was one of the so-called " Immortal Three," who, in 
that first American tuber craze, paid $30 for a barrel of 
worthless llohan potatoes. 

He was called a particular farmer, — too much so to 
make money out of the soil ; in fact, his tastes were 
artistic without his knowing it. Perhaps this had some- 
thing to do with his next venture, which was market- 
gardening on quite an extensive scale. In this he had a 
better opportunity for displaying his taste, and his fields, 
in their season, were as attractive as if they were for beauty 
instead of utility. A few years after entering upon this 
last business, he commenced shipping fruit and farm 
products to Boston, which he continued for several years, 



100 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

making, on the whole, hut little money ; the market-men 
made that. 

In Nov., 1859, Mr. Thomas had the misfortune to 
have his house burned, with the buildings attached. 
The insurance was in a bankrupt company ; the loss was 
heavy, as it included all the grain and winter vegetables 
grown upon tbe farm that year. He never recovered 
financially, nor did he rebuild, but occupied the house 
opposite, which was formerly the home of his ward. 
Here he lived until his death, which occurred Oct. 22, 
1878, a few hours after receiving a blow upon the back 
of the head, while returning from market, in the evening, 
upon an unfrequented highway. 

lie was first a Whig, then a Republican, of the 
strictest scbools; was a member of the Congregational 
Church, and had a reputation second to no man's for 
virtue and integrity ; yet he seems to have given offense 
in bis latter days by neglect of church duties. He was 
strictly a business man, and gave employment to a large 
number of laboring men in that vicinity. He was so 
kind-hearted that he was continually overpaying them, 
out of sympathy. He had lots of friends, not the least 
among them his old mother, who never entirely weaned 
him from her side. 

After tbe death of his first wife he remained a widower 
for more than twenty years, marrying, in May, 1852, 
Dorcas E. Brimmer, dan. of John Brimmer and Eliza- 
beth Moon, of Petersburg, N. Y. Slie d. in April, 1858, 
having been a good wife and faithful mother. 

By his first wife, Mabel N. Townsend, Mr. Thomas 
had one child : — 

354. Charles Dwight Thomas, b. at Williamstown, Mass., Nov. 16, 1831 ; 
m. Emma Josephine Temple and has issue. 

By his second wife, Dorcas E. Brimmer, he had four 
children : — 



FIFTH GENERATION. 101 

355. Clark Roger Thomas, b. at Petersburg, N. Y., Feb. 13, 1853. 

He graduated from the commercial college at Poughkeepsie, N. Y. ; was in a 
store at North Adams, Mass.; afterward was a clerk in Boston, where ho d. 
March 22, 1876, from injuries received at his place of employment. It was said 
of him that he undoubtedly had faults like other men, but managed to conceal 
them ; was a Unitarian and Republican ; unm. 

356. William Jacob Thomas, b. at Williamstown, Mass., May 1, 185-1. 

He received his education, after leaving the public schools, at Greylock Insti- 
tute. He was a successful clerk in Boston, but, after four years, his health 
failed, when he went to the Azores and England. Soon after his return he 
went into the employ of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad, and was 
killed by Greasers a few years after. He was an amateur painter, a pupil of 
John Johnson ; was a Republican and was unm. 

357. John Edgar Thomas, b. at Williamstown, Mass., Oct. 21, 1855. 

He was educated in the public schools of his native town and afterward 
received a mercantile education in the store of B. F. Mather, in the same place; 
was for some time in business in Buffalo, N. Y. ; is now connected (1890) with 
a hardware store in Troy, N. Y. ; is at present in Europe, where he is intro- 
ducing a new American type-writing machine ; unm. 

358. Robert Brimmer Thomas, b. at Williamstown, Mass., April 21, 1858; 

d. Aug. 29, 1865, from being thrown into the river when he was 
overheated. c. d. t. 

133. Sylvantjs Thomas 5 (son of William, 4 Dr. Wil- 
liam, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. at Hardwick, Vt, Oct. 
28, 1805. He removed, with bis father's family, to 
Williamstown, where he finished bis education. He 
commenced active life in Boston, and was, for a time, 
Assistant Keeper of the House of Correction. While 
in that capacity be m., on the 30th day of Oct., 1837, 
Sophia Johnson Kent, b. at Charlestown, Mass., Nov. 
8, 1808 ; and who d., a faithful wife and mother, April 
23, 1860. She was the dan. of Samuel Kent, of 
Charlestown, and Lucy Johnson, of Burlington, Mass. 

After leaving his public position he was, for a time, in 
the market business in Boston, but soon engaged unsuc- 
cessfully with some cousins in the cattle business, with 
headquarters at Albany, N. Y. He finally went to the 
Mississippi Valley, which was at that time the Western 
frontier, where, in the bluffs west of Dubuque, he 
undertook prospecting for lead ore. The mining season 



102 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWICK. 

of 1848-49 brought him success in the discovery of 
what afterward proved to be only a small deposit of 
lead. 

At this time the California gold craze was sweeping- 
over this country. He sold his mine, and, having in- 
vested the money in teams, tools, clothing, and provisions 
suitable for frontier and mining life, collected around him 
a company of adventurers who were willing to work 
their passage, and, turning his face toward the golden 
Eldorado, and las back upon family and friends, dared, 
for wealth and adventure, the almost insurmountable 
obstacles that confronted the overland pioneers to the 
Pacific. 

It is known that his journey was successfully com- 
pleted, but with food-stores mostly consumed by the 
starving column of adventurers who had started out, 
some on horseback, others on foot, trusting to their rifles 
and fishing-tackle for their sustenance. It is known, 
too, that his tarry in the diggings was short ; and that 
having sold, for the fabulous prices of those California 
days, his teams and remaining goods, he invested in 
certain fishing rights on the Sacramento, where, it is 
in evidence, he made much money. After the sale of 
these rights and the withdrawing of money from bank, 
he mysteriously disappeared. 

In 1857 there lived, in the Northwest, a man who 
went out with Mr. Thomas, and was with him in Cali- 
fornia. It was not known that he was ever other than 
rather hard up ; but, at the disappearance of Mr. Thomas, 
he returned to Wisconsin, bringing a good deal of money, 
and, it was thought, knew more about the mystery than 
any one else, and more than he cared to have others 
know. 

They had two children : — 



FIFTH GENERATION. 103 

359. Mary Sophia Thomas, b. at Charlestown, Mass., June 15, 1839. She 

is a teacher in theBoston schools, where she has taught for thirty 
years; unm. 

360. Charles Warren Thomas, b. at Boston July 26,1849; m. Ophelia 

Bolton ; lives at Jefferson City, Mo., and has issue. c. d. t. 

134. Lewis Ayery Thomas" (son of William, 4 Dr. Wil- 
liam, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. at Hardwick, Vt., May 
22, 1807. He was a graduate of Williams College and 
was also a student in the Yale Law School. 

His course in life was so erratic and so many of those 
contemporary with him are dead or lost sight of, that it 
would be impossible to give a concise biography without 
investigating the early records of Iowa, where, after 
receiving his education, and a short sojourn in Troy, 
N. Y., he made his home the rest of his days. Some 
time in the last half of the "thirties" he commenced the 
practice of law at Dubuque, on the Upper Mississippi, 
and was prominent in the affairs of that region and of 
that territory after it was organized. He was early 
District Attorney for Dubuque and State's Attorney for 
Iowa. Although from an unbroken line of Whig stock, 
he early advocated Democratic doctrines as best for that 
western world. He established a newspaper which was 
called the Miners' Express, of which he was the editor 
and ran it in the interest of the Democratic party. 

After Iowa became a State he was a candidate for 
Congress, and, starting a campaign paper called the 
Spike, facetiously remarked in the prospectus that it was 
given that name because it was intended to spike the big 
guns of Whiggery. However, he was not elected, and 
was never an M.C. ; but spent many winters in Wash- 
ington, advocating Western enterprises — among them a 
railroad to the Pacific. A company was finally organized, 
composed of wealthy and influential men in all parts of 
the country, North and South, many of them members 



104 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

of Congress; Stephen A. Douglas was President. The 
object the influencing of the largest number of the 
Northern people in their scheme and to overcome the 
opposition of the South and the slave power to such a 
railway. Congress was to be asked to aid, by land- 
grants and money, in building one road north of 40° to 
the Pacific and another south of that point through 
Southern California to the Pacific. It was concluded to 
make a preliminary survey to determine the feasibility of 
the Northern route, and in the spring of 1857 this associa- 
tion sent out a party, fully equipped, to make an exami- 
nation of the country west as far as the mountains, with 
instructions to keep as close as possible to latitude 42° 
and 42|° North. This line passed westward across the 
State of Iowa to a point about 20 miles north of the 
mouth of the Big Sioux River, crossing what is now 
South Dakota and the Missouri at the mouth of the 
Neobrara, following up that stream toward the Rockies. 
Mr. Thomas was in charge of this expedition. 

There was another company organized, and going 
along with this; not responsible to it, yet overlapping 
and feeding upon it, — "a wheel within a wheel," — a 
land and building company, composed of the same parties 
as the railroad incorporators, whose intention was to 
gobble all and leave nothing to outsiders; neither 
eligible town-sites, forests, water-powers, mines of coal, 
or quarries of stone. This was the inception of the cele- 
brated American Credit Mobilicr, which was afterward 
adopted, in principle, by the builders of the Union Pacific 
Railroad. This survey was partially completed and a 
report made by Mr. Thomas; but further work was 
delayed by the financial panic of that year and the political 
struggle going on between the institution of slavery and 
its opposers. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 105 

After the beginning of the war and the withdrawal of 
the power and influence of the extreme. South from the 
National Legislature, two roads were no more thought 
of. However, as a war and defensive measure, Congress 
soon passed what is known as the Pacific Railroad Bill, 
and the different interests compromised on the Piatt 
Valley route, leaving the association of which Mr. Thomas 
was a member up North, and without patronage. He 
believed in this route, that it would be built, and, having 
kept their franchise alive, clung to his stock to the last. 

He became an ardent Republican on the organization 
of that party, and when the war broke out enlisted and 
served until the expiration of his term of enlistment. 

Sept. 8, 1848, he m. Jane Farrington. After his re- 
turn from the war they both Avent South, he some way 
in the service of the Christian Commission, where he re- 
mained until the surrender of Lee; she into the kitchen 
department of the Adams Hospital, at Memphis, Tenn. 
She was pensioned by Congress, and is now living in the 
Old Ladies' Home, at Dubuque, and is remembered with 
gratitude for her generosity in the clays of her prosperity, 
and for her self-sacrifice to the soldiers of the Union. 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas were at one time the possessors 
of considerable wealth, and, besides their homestead, built 
and rented a large block in Dubuque. But the speculative 
fever of the "fifties " got hold of them, and they invested 
from St. Paul to Omaha, hiring money at a large interest 
and giving security on what they actually possessed. We 
need not relate the result, when we consider that specu- 
lative city site property collapsed from a fabulous inflation 
to nothing, and that interest on good securities went on. 

After the Avar was over Mr. Thomas became interested 
in the building of a ship-canal from the Lakes to the 
Mississippi, by the way of the Fox and Wisconsin rivers. 



106 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

He spent two winters in Washington fruitlessly, urging 
this project upon members of Congress, and spent much 
time and money lecturing upon the subject before the 
boards of trade in the sea-port as well as inland cities. 

Partly from opinion, and partly from fear that it would 
divert trade from Eastern channels down the Mississippi, 
it was called visionary. Its value to the commerce of the 
Lakes is now generally conceded, and the accomplishment 
of this enterprise seems to be in the near future. He left 
Washington discouraged, and, having met with further 
reverses and failing health, returned to Dubuque, and 
accepted the first thing that offered to give the old couple 
their daily bread — the position of a locomotive engineer. 
This was his last effort. After a lingering illness he d. 
Aug. 6, 1882, in his seventy-sixth year. He was a man 
possessed of great resources; could do anything and talk 
well upon almost any subject; was generally considered 
to be a good speaker, — always an interesting one. He 
won first prize in declamation at college. He was pretty 
large, with black hair, black or brown eyes, and a rather 
dark skin; was a handsome and commanding man; great 
in an emergency; bold, knowing no fear, and submitting 
to no indignities. He was a member all his life of the 
Congregational Church. He had no children, c. d. t. 

136. Frances Thomas 5 (dan. of William, 4 Dr. Wil- 
liam, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was born Nov. 15, 1810, at 
Hardwick, Vt. She was very tall and erect; had red- 
dish dark-brown eyes, and brown hair which, when left 
free, trailed upon the floor. Her face, though dignified 
and benign, was considered handsome. She left a void 
when she went out of her father's house, but entered a 
broader field, where, by her goodness and her kind- 
ness, she conquered all. She m. Timothy Graves in 
1837 or 1838, and d. March 4, 1817. Mr. Graves was 



FIFTH GENERATION. 107 

a successful farmer at Hoosick Falls, N. Y. After the 
death of his wife, Frances Thomas, he m. again ; he 
d. May 31, 1881, leaving the second wife a widow, with 
two children. 

By the first wife, Frances Thomas, he had two 
children : — 

361. Warren Henry Graves, b. Oct. 29, 1839; served in the Union Army 
during the Rebellion; m. Clara A. Farnsworth, and is a successful 
farmer at Rockton, Winebago County, 111., and has two children : — 

362. Walter T. Graves, b. July 24, 1871. 

363. Nettie C. Graves, b. Oct. 27, 1871 

364. Elizabeth Frances Graves, b. March 24, 1842; m. Charles M. Piatt, 
who d. May 24, 1880, at Wichita, Kan., where his widow now lives. 
They had five children : — ■ 

365. Albert Hetwood Platt, b. in York, Pa., Oct. 27, 1865; is m. 

and (1890) living at Wichita, Kan. 

366. Eleanor Platt, b. in Germantown, Pa., Feb. 8, 1867. 

367. William Thomas Platt, b. in Beverly, N. J., Jan. 5, 1870; d. 

there Jan. 13, 1890. 

368. Julia Platt, b. in Beverly, N. J., Sept. 27, 1871 ; d. at Wichita, 

Kan, July 5, 18S0. 

369. Timothy Graves Platt, b. at Wichita, Kan, Feb. 9, 1879. 

137. Andrew Collins Thomas 5 (son of William, 4 
Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ), b. at Hardwick, Vt., 
March 19, 1812. Being only 9 years old when his father 
removed to Williamstown, Mass., he received most of 
his education in that place, working on the farm in the 
summer and attending the district school in the winter. 
It is said that he had the opportunity of going through 
Williams College, but chose the life of a farmer. 

Having m. Aug. 22, 1836, Minerva Smedley (then 
widow Norton, with one dau., Emily), he removed to 
Medina, Ohio, where he remained two years. Return- 
ing on account of the ill health of his wife, he took, 
upon shares, the Bingham farm, at Bennington, Yt., 
where he remained three years. Rather discouraged 
at results, he went into the employ of a shoe concern at 
Williamstown, doing piece-work in some department, 



108 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

where he remained and was successful until the failure 
of the firm, in 1850. He then purchased a farm in the 
town of Florida, Mass., directly over the Hoosick 
funnel, since constructed through the mountain. Sell- 
ing this farm in 1861, he again returned to Williams- 
town, where he purchased lands and is now living. 
He has grayish eyes, and, when young, had light, flaxen 
hair, but was bald at thirty, — an unusual thing, it is said, 
among the descendants of Dr. William. 

He was early a member of the Congregational Church, 
and is a Republican. 

He had one child, a daughter : — 

370. Martha Adeline Thomas, b. at Williamstown May 22, 1845 ; was 
for a while a teacher in the public schools ; m. James Monroe Cole, 
May 18, 18G7, and d. Feb. 8, 1871, at South Williamstown, leaving 
a son, Albert Thomas Cole, b. June 3, 1869, and who d. Feb. 11, 
1871, three days after the mother's death. c. D. T. 

139. Mary Thomas 5 (dau. of William, 4 Dr. William, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ), b. at Pownal, Vt., May 14, 1819 ; was 
graduated from the Academy at Williamstown, Mass.; 
afterward was a teacher until she m. (Sept. 10, 1814) 
Edgar M. Brown, a graduate of Williams College, who 
also taught school. About 1847 they removed to Nunda, 
N. Y., and engaged in mercantile business. About 1855, 
at the urgent solicitation of Mr. Brown's parents, he re- 
moved, with his family, to South Adams, Mass., where his 
father was engaged in the manufacture of cotton cloth,. 
There he opened a store in connection with the factory, 
and not long after entered into the weaving of cotton with 
his father under the name of Caleb Brown & Son. Failing 
in business during the National bankruptcy of 1857, he 
entered the Massachusetts Legislature in the capacity of 
Door-keeper of the House, where he remained until his 
appointment, in 1861, to a position in the Boston Custom 
House. There he continued in the service of the govern- 



FIFTH GENERATION. 109 

ment until his death, which occurred at Reading, Mass., 
Dec. 18, 1870. 

Mrs. Brown was tall and slim when a girl, but became 
stout in after life. Was a woman of much ability, un- 
demonstrative, and well balanced, but underneath it all 
there was a proud spirit. When the great change in 
their circumstances came, produced by the loss of their 
property, the annihilation of their business, and the death 
of their eldest daughter, she seemed to lose her poise, and 
was never quite herself again. She d. Sept. 9, 1885. 

They had five children: — 

371. Mart Frances Brown, b. at Williamstown, Mass., July 25, 1846 ; d. 

at South Adams, Sept., 1860. 

372. Alice Sophia Brown, b. at Nunda, N. Y., Aug. 10, 1850. 

She was educated at the Girls' High and Normal School, in Boston, and 
was a teacher; m. Albert M. Isbell and has one child, Vera Belle Isbell. 

373. Katherine Louise Brown, b. at South Adams, Mass., May 9, 1857. 
She graduated from the State Normal School at Bridgewater, Mass., is a 

teacher in the schools of Milton, Mass., and is a writer of some note. She 
has also published some juvenile text-books. 

374. Frederick Edgar Brown, b. at South Adams, Mass., Aug. 8, 1860. 
After leaving the public schools he completed his education in printing- 
offices. He is now (1890) on the New York Sun; unm. 

375. Helen Grace Brown, b. at Reading, Mass., Jan. 20, 1864. 

She graduated from the High School in Reading, Mass., and is by profession 
a book-keeper. c. d. t. 

141. Lucy Thomas 5 (dau. of William, 4 Dr. William, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. at Williamstown, Mass., June 
12, 1824; m. John M. Shattuck, of Williamstown. He 
was a daguerrian artist, and practiced his profession first 
in his native town, then for some time in Troy, N. Y. 
In 1860 he removed, with his family, to Manchester, Vt, 
where he d. Oct. 15, 1884. 

Mrs. Shattuck, the subject of this sketch, was a tall, 
well-formed woman, decidedly a brunette, having black 
hair, black eyes, and a not very light, but ruddy skin. 
She was of the nervous temperament, proud-spirited, and 



110 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

quick to take offense ; but resourceful, energetic, and 
enduring-. She was very entertaining, as her conversa- 
tion was well spiced with wit and mimicry. She was 
not only a noted housekeeper, but she was unsurpassed 
in the sick-room, where her special talents and sym- 
pathetic nature had full play. She d. Jan. 18, 1879. 
She and her husband were members of the Congrega- 
tional Church. 

They had three children : — 

376. Charles Ashley Shattuck, b. at Williamstown, Mass., April 30, 1847 ; 

has been for more than twenty years connected with the publication 
of the Manchester (Vt.) Journal; unm. 

377. Martha Frances Shattuck, b. at Williamstown, April 5, 1849. Lives 

(1890) at Manchester, Vt., and is housekeeper for herself and brother, 
Charles ; unm. 

378. Rollin Mathewson Shattuck, b. at Manchester, Vt., Dec. 6, 1864; 

m. Jennie S.Rigney June 27, 1888, and lives in Buffalo, N. Y., where 
he is engaged in the sale of type-writing machines. Has one child. 

c. D. T. 



117. George Cutler 5 (son of Ruth [Thomas] Cutler, 4 
Dr. William/' Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. April 2, 1811 ; 
m. 1st Sarah Venica, of Hardwick, Mass.; 2d Amelia B. 
Howe, of Barre, Mass., dan. of Artemus and Sophia 
Howe. She d. Sept. 30, 1821. He m. 3d Harriet Sears, 
of Barre, Mass., where he now resides. She d. March 
19. 1871. 

He has had four children: — 

By his first wife: 

379. William Thomas Cutler, b. Oct. 15, 1813; m. April 12, 1864, Miss 

Anna Morse. 
He enlisted July 12, 1864. from his native town, West Brookfield, Mass.; 
went out in the Forty-second Regiment Volunteer Infantry, Company K, and 
d. at Alexandria Oct. 21, 1864 ; no issue. 

380. Charles Edwin Cutler, b. June 8, 1845; enlisted in Thirty-fourth 
Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Company I, March 14, 1864, and 
d. in service July 30, 1864 ; unm. 

381. Elbridge Pratt Cutler, b. 1847 ; d. young. 



FIFTH GENERATION. Ill 

By his second wife : 

382. Henry Milton Cutler, b. Oct, 1, 1819; m. twice and has issue. 
3S3. Nettie S. Cutler, b. Jan. 24, 1856; m. at Warren, Mass., June 12, 

1876, to Edwin F. Livermore; bad no issue; present residence, 

Worcester, Mass. 

118. Orsamus Cutler 5 (son of Ruth [Thomas] Cutler, 4 
Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in West Brook- 
field, Mass., Dec. 1, 1813; m. 1st Abbie E. Wood Nov. 
28, 1850; she was b. May 28, 1817, and d. Jan. 9, 1855; 
m. 2d Lydia H. Russell, b. in North Hudley July 18, 
1831; d. Oct. 29, 1876. He d. Oct. 27, 1876. 

He had one child by first wife : — 

384. Abbie Elizabeth Cutler, b. Dec. 29, 1854; ra. George W. Tyler and 
bad issue. 



152. Caroline Thomas 5 (dau. of Sylvanus, 4 Dr. Wil- 
liam, 15 Amos, 2 William 1 ), b. in W r est Brookfield Dec. 22, 
1806; m. Nov. 23, 1835, Carlton Cushman, of Paw- 
tucket, R. I., son of Jacob Cushman and Mary TifFany, 
an aunt of the widely-known jewelers of New York City. 
He w r as b. June 22, 1803; was a wheelwright and 
cabinet-maker by trade; a Republican, Methodist, and 
fine singer. He d. Jan. 30, 1886. She d. June 20, 1883. 

They had four children : — 

385. Osmond Tiffany Cushman, b. Feb. 24, 1837; d. Sept. 26, 1837. 

386. Thomas Carlton Cushman, b. July 22, 1839; d. Aug 8, 1840. 

387. Mary Frances Cushman, b. Marcb 16, 1842 ; m. Warren 0. Cooper, in 

Flatbusb, L. I., June 26, 1884. They reside at New Haven, Conn., 
and bave no children . 

388. Oscar Richards Robinson Cushman, b. Jan. 11, 1844 ; ra. Julia Rice 

Wood Marcb 25, 1868, dau. of Waterman Wood, at Springfield, Mass. 
They reside at West Brookfield, Mass., where they keep the West Brookfield 
House, one of the oldest hotels in the vicinity, having stood a century and more. 
They have no children. 

153. Eliza Doty Thomas, 5 (dau. of Sylvanus, 4 Dr. 
William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ), b. June 27, 1809; d. 
May 28, 1885 ; m. William Balcom, of Cumberland, R. I. 



112 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

They had six children : — 

3S9. Charlotte Jane Balcom, b. Sept, 17, 1826; m. David E. Holman, of 
Attleboro, Mass., and had four children. 

390. Amelia Ann Balcom, b. March 17, 1S2S; m. Lucius Reed, of West 

Brookfield, Mass. Had children. 

391. Orville Balcom, b. Feb. 16, 1840. Had four children. 

392. Maria Balcom, b. June, 1811 ; d. 1811. 

393. Baylis Greenwood Balcom, b. Aug. 31, 1847; had four children ; nfr. 
391. Maria Elizabeth Balcom, b. Oct, 2, 1850; m. S. M. Sheldon April 

1884; residence, Chicago, 111. No children. 

156. Emily Thomas 5 (dau. of Sylvanus, 4 Dr. Wil- 
liam/ 5 Amos, 2 William 1 ), b. Feb. 23,1816; d. June 20, 
1889; m. Mandly Pierce, of Hardwick, Mass., son of 
Samuel Pierce and Persis Billings, May 3, 1842. He 
is a farmer and miller, a Republican, and Methodist. 
Present residence, West Brookfield, Mass. 

Emily Thomas, youngest child of Sylvanus and Rachel 
Thomas, was timid and shy, as a child, and shrank from 
intercourse with outside associates. She found in the 
family circle occupation for heart and. hands during the 
younger years of her liie. She lost her mother at an 
early age, which necessarily brought care and responsi- 
bility to her. Educational advantages, for which she had 
a great desire, were few, the district school near her 
home being the only available assistance to her mental 
development ; supplementing this with a short term at 
Hadlcy, she commenced to teach school, the taste for 
which she evidently possessed in common with other 
members of her own and preceding generations. She 
possessed, in mature years, courage, resolution, and per- 
severance in a marked degree. Her life, though unpre- 
tending and quiet, was one of rare beauty in its devotion 
to family and friends, its entire self-forgetfulness, and its 
sunny cheerfulness in the midst of perplexing cares. 

Although of a retiring disposition and scarcely known 
outside her native town, her influence was far-reaching. 



* 




EMILT (THOMAS) PIERCE. 



PHOTO-COLLOTYPE., HOPE M'F'G 



FIFTH GENEEATION. 113 

These few words of tribute do scanty justice to the 
memory of a life and qualities so beautiful and rare, 
which would scarce find a place in history, yet which 
human nature can still appreciate and delight to 
honor. 

She was m. in 1842 to Mandly Pierce, of Hard wick, 
Mass., who was of such a generous nature and pleasing- 
social qualities that he was pre-eminently the one to sus- 
tain the prestige the old house had gained for hospitality 
and good cheer. He remained upon the farm at the 
earnest request of the father, with whom he always lived 
in relations as loving, respectful, and helpful as an own 
son. The succeeding years have been passed in the same 
pleasant home till the death of the wife and mother, 
June 20, 1889, when she left the husband and five 
daughters to mourn their loss and recall her noble 
life. 

They had five children, all b. on the old homestead at 
West Brookfield:— 

395. Rachel Jane Pierce, b. April 23, 1843; m. William A. Sturdy, of 

Attleboro, Mass., and lias six children. 

396. Ella Velona Pierce, b. April 27, 1845. 

Following the example and inclination of her ancestors and family, she 
taught school with ability and success, until obliged by ill health to refrain from 
all kinds of mental and manual labor. While taking daily walks to benefit her 
health, she acquired by observation (being unable to read or write five consecu- 
tive minutes) a knowledge of the birds, insects, and reptiles of that section of 
country possessed by few. 

By accident she was led to attempt taxidermy, in which she became pro- 
ficient, giving to birds the delicacy of finish, with life-like gracefulness and 
accuracy of position, unequalled by most taxidermists. 

Her health restored in great measure by persistent personal effort, she was 
especially fitted to help others to do the same, and has had peculiar success in 
nursing chronic cases. 

397. Emma Frances Pierce, b. Dec. 10, 1847 ; m. Watson E. Rice, M.D., of 

Grafton, Mass.; has three children. 
39S. Leutheria Robinson Pierce, b. Dec. 2, 1850 ; m. James E. Hills, of 

New York ; has one child. 
399. Louise Thomas Pierce, b. Feb. 18, 1852; m. Charles A. Wetberill, of 

Attleboro, Mass.; has three 'children. 



114 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARD WICK. 

157. Chester Thomas, M.D., 5 (son of Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Hardwick, Mass., May 31, 
1800. lie studied medicine, and graduated about 1825. 
He located and practiced his profession in Thorndyke, 
Mass., Oct. 20, 1828; be m. Lucy Sanderson, who was 
b. Oct. 3, 1801, and d. May 3, 1870. He el. Jan. 16, 
1852, aged 52. 

They had six children, all born in Thorndyke : — 

400. Charles Mason Tully Thomas, b. Nov. 30, 1829; m. Sarah E. Rams- 

dell and had issue. 

401. Josephine Thomas, b. Dee. 1, 1831; d. Oct. 13, 1834. 

402. Helen Maria Thomas, b. Nov. 5, 1834; m. Charles Isaac Fuller and 

had issue. 

403. Marion Sophia Thomas, b. Sept. 13, 1836 ; d. Sept. 8, 1840. 

404. Laura Josephine Thomas, b. Dec. 10, 1839; m. Joseph T. Lovering, 

of Andover, Mass., May 25, 1865 ; d. March 3, 1866; no issue. 

405. Martha Ann Thomas, b. Aug. 11, 1843; m. Thomas Bryer, Jr., Jan. 

3, 1867 ; present residence, Manchester, England ; no issue. 

160. Patience Thomas" (dan. of Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., Jan. 6, 1806. 
Her mother, first wife of Isaac Thomas, d. at her birth. 
She m. (May 22, 1827) David Reed Wait, of Greenfield, 
Mass. At the time of their marriage he was engaged in 
running a freight express, with teams, from Greenfield to 
Boston. After the railroad was built, he purchased an 
extensive and valuable farm, on the Connecticut River, 
near Deerfield, which he carried on until his death. He 
was a man of great energy and force of character, and 
accumulated a considerable fortune. He d. Oct. 28, 
1875, aged 76.* 

* A local newspaper contained the following notice of his death : " David R. 
Wait, the well-known Cheapside farmer, died on Thursday morning, after an 
illness of some twelve days. He took a bad cold at first, when about his work, 
which finally took the form of bronchial pneumonia. He was unconscious during 
much of his illness. Mr. Wait has been an industrious, hard-working man. 
Before the days of railroads he was a teamster to Boston, and on one occasion, in 
crossing the Connecticut, on the ice, his six-horse team went to the bottom and 
Mr. Wait narrowly escaped. He was afterward a drover to the Brighton market 
for some twenty years. Of late years he has kept to his farm work, and it has 



FIFTH GENERATION. 115 

Patience Thomas, his wife, was a woman of great love- 
liness of character and sweetness of disposition. One of 
her daughters writes : " I have no remembrance of ever 
seeing - her angry. I never heard her speak unkindly or 
thoughtlessly to or of any one. She was loved by all who 
knew her, and mourned at her death by young and old." 
She d. at Deerfield Oct. 16, 1881, aged 75. 

They were both Methodists, and he a Republican in 
politics. 

They had five children, all born in Greenfield except 
the youngest, who was born in Deerfield, Mass.: — 

406. Martha Abigail Wait, b. Feb. 15, 1828 ; ra. Charles Richmond and 

has issue. 

407. Henry Wait, b. Dec. 13, 1829 ; m. Marion Elizabeth Wright and has 

issue. 

408. Franklin Wait, b. Dec. 17, 1833; m. Sarah Jane Thomas, dau. of 

Beals Thomas, and had issue. 

409. Julia T. Wait, b. Feb. 13, 1835; m. 1st C. Augustus White Dec. 24, 

1856, a dry-goods merchant of Worcester, Mass. ; she m. 2d Hobart 
D. Mann, a dry-goods merchant of Rochester, N. Y., Sept. 10, 1868. 
Mrs. Mann is an earnest student of art, working in both water-colors and 
oil. With natural talent and great love for the profession, she has enjoyed the 
advantages of two years of study in Paris under the best instructors in figure 
and landscape painting and portraiture, and has received high commendations 
for work in all these specialties. Present address, Los Angelos, Cal. No issue. 

410. Mary Ann Wait, b. in Deerfield, Mass., May 25, 1837 ; m. F. Leon 

Stebbins and has issue. 

161. Freeman Thomas 5 (son of Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in "New Salem, Mass., Feb. 6, 1808; 
m. Louisa Lee, b. in Stamford, Vt, Feb. 26, 1809. Date 
of marriage unknown, probably in 1830. She d. Jan. 30, 
1 886. Freeman Thomas was a farmer, and d. in Barre 
Plains, Mass., April 30, 1864, aged 56. 



been said that he accomplished more before breakfast than ordinary men could 
in a day. His farm is one of the finest in the Connecticut Valley. His funeral 
was from his late residence, Sunday, and was largely attended. He was 70 years 
of age." 



116 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

They had throe children : — 

411. Louisa Abigail Thomas, b. in Deerfield Aug. 21, 1831 ; m. Frederick 

L. Baggs and had issue. 

412. Samantha Jane Thomas, b. in Deerfield Sept. 6, 1842 ; unm. ; resides in 

Deerfield with her sister, Mrs. Baggs. 

413. John Emory Lee Thomas, b. in Deerfield June 16, 1844 ; m. 1st Nancy 

F. Shepard, 2d Ida May Kidder, 3d Mary Evelyn Blanchard, a/id 
has issue. 

163. Henry Thomas 5 (son of Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., March 20, 1812. 
He is a carpenter and builder. For fifteen years he 
carried on that business in New Salem and Greenfield ; 
was five years in New York ; moved to Sterling, 111., in 
1855, where he continued the same business for twenty- 
five years. In 1882 he moved to Tampico, 111., where 
he still resides. He m. for his first wife Mary Shaw, 
of New Salem, Mass., April 5, 1836. She d. June 6, 
1838, leaving- one child. He m. 2d Hannah Norton 
Oct. 20, 1810, by whom he had four children. He is a 
member of the Baptist Church, and a Republican in 
politics. 

The five children of Henry Thomas are : — 

By first wife : 

414. Mary Thomas, b. Dec. 25, 1837, in New Salem, Mass. ; m. John Wad- 

elton and had issue. 

By second wife : 

415. Norman Thomas, b. in Greenfield, Mass., April 15, 1842; m. Elizabeth 

Lennox and had issue. 

416. Antoinette Thomas, b. in Greenfield, Mass., June 18, 1846; m. Justus 

Reynolds; d. Nov. 26, 1876, and left issue. 

417. Roger Henry Thomas, b. in Greenfield, Mass., July 28, 1849 ; m. Sarah 

Jane Deyo and has issue. 

418. Frank Thomas, b. in Sterling, 111., May 20, 1858; m. Ida Black 

May 29, 1879, and has issue. 

165. Samantha Thomas 5 (dau. of Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., Dec. 1, 1817. 
She m. Rev. Thomas Band Aug-. 13, 1838. He was b. in 
West Springfield, Mass., July 10, 1813. He graduated 



FIFTH GENERATION. 117 

at Hamilton Theological Seminary in 1838; was ordained 
July 4, 1841, at Bayou Chicot, La., where he had located 
the year before. He was for many years engaged in 
'teaching in the Spring Hill Academy and other schools, 
preaching at the same time on the Sabbath, and was 
deeply interested in the cause of education. He d. Jan. 
29, 1869. She resides at Lafayette, La. Baptist. 
They had eight children : — 

419. Isaac Thomas Rand, M.D., b. in New Salem June 13, 1839 ; m. Louisa 

Young; d. April 29, 1806, and left issue. 

420. Henry Rand, b. at New Salem, Mass., May 16, 1811 ; d. July 7, 1813, 

in Spring Hill, La. 

421. John Stillman Rand, b. in Spring Hill, La., March 27, 1813 ; m. Ellen 

Saul, of Lafayette, La., Aug. 27, 1873 ; no issue. 

422. Robert Henry Rand, b. Dec. 28, 1846, at Bayou Chicot, La, ; m. 

Celestine Duga and has issue. 

423. Maey Thomas Rand, b. March 2, 1849, at Bayou Chicot, La.; unm. ; 

teacher at Lafayette, La. ; Baptist. 
424 William Albert Rand, b. May 20, 1851, at Opelousas, La. ; d. Feb. 
27, 1853. 

425. Martha Salome Rand, b. March 5, 1854 ; m. 1st Rufus Stevens, 2d 

Isham Vest, and has issue. 

426. Kate Nydia Rand, b. June 4, 1859, at Lafayette, La. ; unm. ; teacher 

at Rayne, La. ; Methodist. 

166. Stillman Thomas 5 (youngest son of Isaac, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., 
March 17, 1820. He m. Elizabeth Alma Bnrnham, of 
Deerfield, Mass., Sept. 25, 1814; b. Oct. 6, 1821. She 
d. at San Jose, Gal., Aug. 16, 1868. He moved to Cali- 
fornia about 1852 or '53. Mechanic; Baptist. Present 
address, Santa Barbara, Cal. 

He has had eight children : — 

427. William Wallace Thomas, b. Oct. 15, 1845 ; m. Mary Lesley 

McGrew and has issue. 

428. Clarabell Thomas, b. Aug. 24, 1847; m. 1st James N. Pratt and had 

issue, 2d Handscom and has issue. 

429. Edwin S. Thomas, b. Aug. 17, 1849; d. April 11, 1850. 

430. Franklin Miner Thomas, b. July 15, 1851 ; m. Ella Burdetl May 15, 

1875; she d. July 3, 1876; m. 2d Elizabeth Woodward Feb. 9, 
1880 ; no issue. 



118 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

431. Ella Stone Thomas, b. July 14, 1857; m. Joseph Hollis Josselyn and 

has issue. 

432. Frederick Stillman Thomas, b. Feb. 9, 1860 ; m. Miss Nancy Ella 

Finley and has issue. 

433. Julia Elizabeth Thomas, b. Oct. 21, 1861 ; ra. William J. Street 

1890. Present address, San Francisco, Cal. 



168. Eunice Thomas 5 (dau. of Nathaniel, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos,' 2 William 1 ) was h. in Wilmington, Vt, Aug-. 7, 
1803. When about 13 years old she came to New 
Salem, Mass., to live with her grandfather, Amos the 
Patriarch. There she met Ellis Thayer, to whom she 
was m. Jan. 28, 1824. Ellis Thayer was a prominent 
member and for many years a deacon in the Baptist 
Church in New Salem. He was killed by falling from 
the frame of a new building, Dec. 7, 1866. He is spoken 
of as a model deacon, an earnest Christian, devoted to 
his family, and with a kind word for all in trouble or 
distress, rich or poor and of whatever denomination. 
Eunice Thayer, the widow, is still living (Jan., 1891) 
at Prescott, Mass., in her eighty-eighth year, in good 
health, and one of the oldest living descendants of Amos 
the Patriarch. 

They had four children : — 

434. Sylvia Augusta Thayer, b. in Prescott, Mass., March 27, 1829; m. 

Frederick Ebenezer Chamberlain; d. May 15, 1882, at Orange, 

Mass., aged 53 ; no issue. 
Both Mr. Chamberlain and his wife died from blood-poisoning. Their cases 
were unusual and remarkable. In the month of May, 1882, Mr. Chamberlain, 
after having been engaged in applying to his lands some commercial form of 
fertilizer (probably bone-dust which may have contained some form of animal 
poison), was taken with pain and inflammation in one of his hands. This 
rapidly extended up the arm, and in a few days he died with every symptom of 
blood-poisoning. Before his death his wife, who nursed him through his illness, 
was taken with similar symptoms and died in a few days in the same manner. 

435. Addison Thayer, b. in Prescott, Mass., Sept. 4, 1833; m. Salinda 

Martha Vaughan Nov. 18, 1856, and has issue. 

436. Angeline Freeman Thayer, b. in Prescott, Mass., June 20, 1838 ; m. 

Frederick N. Pierce Jan. 10, 1856, and has issue. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 119 

437. Cephas Martin Thayer, b. in Prescott, Mass., Jan. 29, 1840; m. 1st 

Mary Annetta Putnam Dec. 3, 1S64, 2d Mary L. Howe, and has 
issue. 

171. Reuben C. Thomas 5 (son of Nathaniel, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Wilmington, Vt., Sept. 20, 
1809. He m. Mary Ann Bassett April 6, 1835, also ol 
Wilmington. He moved to Iowa. He d. at Hardin, 
Pottowatamie Co., Iowa, July 10, 188G. He was a 
farmer, Baptist, and Republican. 

They had six children : — 

438. Henry B. Thomas. 

439. Sarepta Thomas. 

440. Samantha Thomas. 

441. Charles Thomas. 

442. Hannah Thomas. 

443. Herbert Thomas. 

172. Lucy Thomas 5 (dau. of Nathaniel, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in Wilmington, Vt., July 17, 1812; 
m. Oman Prescott, of Dummerston, Vt., April 7, 1842. 
She d. Jan. 5, 1841, aged 32, leaving one son: — 

444. Oenan Prescott, Jr., of Brattleboro, Yt. 

174. Ardon Harrison Thomas 5 (son of Nathaniel, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Wilmington, Vt., 
Dec. 23, 1822. He m. Sabra B. Dickinson, of Hadley, 
Mass., Nov. 24, 1846. He is a carpenter by trade, and 
still lives in Hadley, Mass. 

Has had five children : — 

445. A daughter, d. soon after birth. 

446. Henry Ardon Thomas, b. April 15, 1849 ; unm. j residence, Hadley, 

Mass. 

447. Ellen Estella Thomas, b. June 19, 1851 ; m. Lonen A. Ware and has 

issue. 
418. Charles Davenport Thomas, b. March 10, 1854; in. Nelly Roome 

and has issue. 
449. William Eslar Thomas, b. Jan. 3, 1857 ; m. Hannah Barstow and 

has issue. 



120 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

175. Alvin Hudson Thomas 5 (oldest son of Amos, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., 
Nov. 30, 1800. He m. 1st Sarepta Wheeler April 17, 
1826 ; she d. in Pike, N. Y., Aug-. 21, 1849. He m. 2d 
Mrs. Chloe Wilder (maiden name Hntchinson), who 
d. in 1883. He moved from Madison Comity to Pike, 
Wyoming County, N. Y., about 1838. Alvin H. 
Thomas was a farmer, and held for some years the posi- 
tions of postmaster and town assessor. He d. April 9, 
1881, aged 81. 

He had four children, all by first wife : — 

450. Perleyette Thomas, b. Dec. 26, 1827; m. 1st Marcus D. Tiffany Feb. 

12, 1852; he d. Dec. 5, 1858; she m. 2d Jefferson Metcalf Jan. 23, 
1868; he d. Jan. 23, 1882; no issue. Present address, Pike, N. Y. 

451. Cooley Hudson Thomas, b. in Nelson, N. Y., June 23, 1829; m. Elmira 

Trail and had issue. 

452. Collins Wheeler Thomas, b. March 26, 1838; m. Ann Slusson and 

had issue. 

453. Corbin James Thomas, b. in Pike, N. Y., July 10, 1840; m. Eliza A. 

Merville and has issue. 

176. Edward West Thomas 5 (son of Amos, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., Nov. 6, 
1802. In 1804, when 2 years old, his father moved to 
Nelson, Madison Co., N. Y. He learned the trade of 
wagon- and carriage- making, and carried on that busi- 
ness in Nelson until 1836, when he moved to Pike, 
Wyoming Co., N. Y., and engaged in farming. In 1845 
he moved to Hayesville, Ohio, where he again resumed 
his business of carriage-making. In 1851 he moved to 
Plattcville, Wis., where he purchased a farm and still 
resides. Feb. 17, 1825, he m. Polly Bacon, who was b. 
in Nelson, N. Y., Oct. 22, 1803, and d. in Platteville, 
Wis., Sept. 10, 1884. He is the oldest living descendant 
of Amos Thomas the Patriarch, being in his eighty-ninth 
year. He is a member of the Baptist Church, and for 



FIFTH GENERATION. 121 

many years was leader of the choir, playing the bass viol, 
an instrument of his own make. Republican. 
They had seven children : — 

454. Mary Thomas, b. in Nelson, Madison Co., N. Y., March 28, 1828 ; m. 

Titus Hayes and had twelve children. 

455. Hudson Thomas, b. in Nelson June 5, 1829 ; m. Fanny Daggett and 

has two children. 

456. Huron Lewis Thomas, b. in Nelson March 4, 1831 ; m. Eunice Gorham 

and had four children. 

457. Homer Amos Thomas, b. in Pike, N. Y., Dec. 7, 1836; m. Sarah Jane 

Daggett, sister of Fanny Daggett, wife of Hudson Thomas ; present 
address, Gennessee, Idaho ; no issue. 

458. Martha Thomas, b. in Pike Nov. 26, 1838 ; d. Feb. 26, 1839. 

459. Martha S. Thomas, b. in Pike April 7, 1842; Congregationalist ; unm. 

460. Hadley Thomas, b. in Pike Dec. 12, 1843 ; m. Sarah Bastine and has 

two children. 

177. Horace Thomas 5 (son of Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in Nelson, Madison Co., N. Y., July 26, 
1805. He m. 1st Amy C. Irish, of Madison Co., N. Y., 
May 31, 1827, by whom he had four children; she d. 
May 23, 1845. He m. 2d Mary Ann Redman, of Nelson, 
Madison Co., N. Y., May 3, 1846, by whom he had three 
children. He moved from Nelson to Pike, N. Y., about 
1844, to Michigan in 1866, and to Pine Flat, Sonora 
Co., Cal., in 1876, where he still resides. 

His children were as follow : — 
By first wife : 

461. Mart Ann Thomas, b. May 18, 1828 ; m. Roswell Percival Clement, a 

lawyer, May 7, 1853 ; d. June 22, 1883 ; no issue. 

462. Edward Weslet Thomas, b. Dec. 14, 1831 ; d. Nov. 10, 1858 ; unm. 

463. Climena Lovina Thomas, b. Feb. 28, 1834; m. Lucian Gridley 

Clement and had issue. 

464. Earle Bean Thomas, b. July 16, 1843; d. Sept. 25, 1845. 

By second wife : 

465. Earle F. Thomas, b. Feb. 21, 1847; d. Sept. 30, 1864. 

466. Eugenia Estella Thomas, b. March 2, 1853 ; m. Frank Barton and 

had issue ; d. Aug. 10, 1882. 

467. Charles C. Thomas, b. Dec. 14, 1867, in Michigan; unm. 

178. Lewis Augustus Thomas 5 (fourth son of Amos, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Nelson, Madison Co., 



122 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARD WICK. 

N. Y., Aug. 5, 1808. He m. Mary Johnson, dau. of 
William Johnson, of Nelson, Oct. 14, 1835. In 1837 he 
moved to Pike, Wyoming Co., N. Y., where he has since 
resided. He d. Dec. 11, 1888, aged 80. He was a 
farmer, a member and deacon in the Baptist Church, and 
in politics a Republican. 
He had three children : — 

46S. William Thomas, b. Aug. 29, 1838; d. Oct. 17, 1850. 

469. John Thomas, b. Aug. 7, 1840; m. 1st Eunice F. Felch, 2d Annie P. 

Felch, and had issue. 

470. Mary Thomas, b. Sept. 28, 1851 ; m. Frank A. Curtiss and has issue. 

181. Emeline Thomas' (dau. of Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in Nelson, Madison Co., N. Y., April 2, 
1815; m. Win. Loomis, son of George and Rhoda 
Loomis, July 6, 1835 ; he was b. in Lennox, N. Y., July 
24, 1811. They moved to Hartwellville, Mich., where 
he still lives. She d. July 5, 1889, aged 74. 

They have had eleven children : — 

471. Lewis W. Loomis, b. Jan. 11, 1836, in Lennox, N. Y. ; m. Jane Cur- 

tiss and has issue. 

472. Sarah A. Loomis, b. April 12, 1838 ; m. Geo. Parks and has issue. 

473. Horace E. Loomis, b. March 21, 1840 ; m. Hulda Parks and has issue. 

474. Isaac Newton Loomis, b. June 10, 1842 ; in. Emma and lias issue. 

475. B. Frank Loomis, b. Jan. 17, 1845, at Pike, N. Y. ; d. May 28, 18S4, 

at Woodland, Cal., unm., aged 39. 
He was in the fruit-growing business ; an earnest temperance worker ; State 
Deputy of the I. O. of G. T., and a Prohibitionist. 

476. Drusilla A. Loomis, b. Nov. 8, 1847 ; m. Gideon Whitney, of Hart- 

wellville and has issue. 

477. Lovica E. Loomis, b. Sept. 2, 1850 ; m. George Crane and has issue. 

478. George W. Loomis, b. Jan. 21, 1853; d. at Hartwellville, Mich., Sept. 

17, 1867, aged 14. 

479. Mary E. Loomis, b. Aug. 10, 1855; member of Methodist Church; 

present address, Hartwellville, Mich. ; unm. 

480. Flora A. Loomis, b. Aug. 25, 1859 ; member of Methodist Church ; 

present address, Hartwellville, Mich ; unm. 

481. Ansell F. Loomis, b. March 17, 1862; member of Methodist Church ; 

Prohibitionist; farmer; present address, Hartwellville, Mich.; unm. 

182. Sarah Arvilla Thomas 5 (dau. of Amos, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Nelson, Madison Co., N. Y., 



FIFTH GENERATION. 123 

Sept. 30, 1820 ; m. Jefferson Metcalf, of Pike, N. Y., July 
•1, 1813, and had six children. She d. Feb. 10, 1867. 

4S2. Millard Fillmore Metcalf, b. June 12, 1844 ; m. Maggie K.Mearns 

and has issue. 
483. Milton F. Metcalf, b. Sept. 5, 1846; d. Aug. 31, 1806. 
4S4. Theodore Fp.elinghuysen Metcalf, b. July 8, 1848; m. Minerva 

Beade and has issue. 

485. Delett Metcalf, b. Jan. 14, 1851 ; m. Lucius Ford and has issue. 

486. Ella Metcalf, b. March 2, 1854; m. Henry Sharp and has issue. 

487. Darwin Metcalf, b. July 26, 1857 ; m. Ella Nelson and has issue. 



181. Ora B. Bangs 5 (son of Abigail [Thomas] Bangs, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. probably in Prescott, 
Mass., March 1, 1803; went with his parents to Herki- 
mer Co., N. Y.; m. Phoebe D. Beebe, of Oswego Co., 
N. Y., Aug. 29, 1830. In 1833 he moved to Brooklyn, 
Mich. Is a Baptist and Republican, and is still living 
with his son, Chester H. Bangs, at Jackson, Mich., in his 
eighty-eighth year. His wife d. Aug. 24, 1813. 

They had four children : — 

488. Nathan W. Bangs, b. March 25, 1833; d. Sept. 5, 1853. 

489. Albert M. Bangs, b. Dec. 12, 1835 ; d. Dec. 12, 1858. 

490. Levant Bangs, b. March 25, 1838. 

491. Chester H. Bangs, b. July 3, 1840; m. and has issue. 

186. Louisa Bangs 5 (dau. of Abigail [Thomas] Bangs, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Herkimer Co., N. Y., 
April 27, 1807; m. Dexter Slack Sept. 30, 1830, by 
whom she had five children; he cl. Sept. 21, 1813. She 
m. 2d Seth Case, by whom she had one child. She d. 
Feb. 2, 1885, aged 78. Baptist. 

The following are her children : — 

By Dexter Slack, her first husband : 

492. Ellen C. Slack, b. Oct. 30, 1831 ; ra. 1st William D. Moulton, 2d John 

R. Cheesrnan, and had issue. 

493. Armenia Abigail Slack, b. Feb. 16, 1833 ; m. Rev. George Ransom 

and had issue. 

494. Delevan D. Slack, b. June 16, 1534; m. Jane Bentley. 



124 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

495. Dwight C. Slack, b. April 30, 1838. He enlisted in 7th Reg. Mich. 

Vol. and was killed at battle of Antietam Sept. 17, 1862. 

496. Marietta Josephine Slack, b. June 24, 1843 ; m. Samuel Gordon and 

has issue. 

By her second husband, Seth Case : 

497. Preston Manning Case, b. June 7, 1848; m. Eda Plummer April 4, 

1877, and had issue. 



189. Mary Bigelow 5 (dau. of Eunice [Thomas] Bige- 
low, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Greenwich, 
Mass., April 9, 1813. She m. Ebor O'Shea Bailey, b. 
in Greenwich July 12, 1812, son of Ebor William 
Bailey and Elizabeth Powers, his wife. E. O. Bailey d. 
at Westboro Aug. 17, 1883. Mrs. Bigelow is a woman 
of much force of character, greatly interested in the 
preparation of this volume of family records, and has 
rendered valuable assistance in tracing some of the lost 
branches. She resides with her daughter, Mrs. H. E. 
Knowlton, at Westboro, Mass. 

They had two children: — 

498. Harriette Emily Bailey, b. Aug. 11, 1837; ra. Nathan Maynard 

Knowlton and has issue. 

499. Henry Willard Bailey, b. at Ewing, Mass., Jan. 1, 1839; d. at Port 

Townsend, Washington Territory, Dec. 9, 1861 ; unin. 

190. Caroline Bigelow 5 (dau. of Eunice [Thomas] 
Bigelow, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Greenwich, 
Mass., May 23, 1817; m. 1st, in New Salem, Mass., 
Jan. 4, 1842, to Bernard Kenney, who was b. Aug. 23, 
1809, and d. Oct. 28, 1844. She m. 2d, in 1847, Ben- 
jamin Badger, of Wendell, who was b. in Natick Dec. 
22, 1806, and d. at Templeton Jan. 15, 1883. Caroline 
Badger was a Baptist, and d. at Westboro Aug. 23, 
1886, aged 69. 

She had one child only, by her second husband : — 

500. Caroline Ella Badger, b. Sept. 5, 1848 ; in. James II. Parkhurst and 

had issue. 



FIFTH GENEEATION. 125 

191. Electa Rosamond Bigelow 5 (dau. of Eunice 
[Thomas] Bigelow, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 
Dana, Mass., Sept. 5, 1820; m. 1st, Oct. 5, 1852, to 
Abner Sykes, of Pelliam, who d. Aug. 7, 1864; m. 2d, 
at Northfield, April 15, 1865, to Hezekiah Stratton, who 
was b. June, 1804, and d. at Hinsdale, N. H., February, 
1884. Mrs. Stratton is a Baptist. Present home with 
her sister, Mary Bailey, of Westboro, Mass. 

She had two children, both by her first husband : — 

501. Jennie Eunice Sykes, b. at Pelham Jan. 2, 1854. Present address, 

Worcester, Mass. 

502. Julius Hamilton Sykes, b. in Pelham Sept. 27, 1855 ; d. at North- 

field, Mass, Jan. 29, 1880, aged 25. 



193. Hiram Thomas 5 (oldest son of David, 4 * Amos, 3 
Amos,' 2 William 1 ) was b. in South Rutland, Jefferson Co., 
N. Y., Dec. 12, 1804. He m. Caroline Perkins Sept. 12, 
1830. She was b. Mar. 25, 1806. In 1834 he removed 
with his family to Canada West, 50 miles from Toronto, 
where he lived at the time of the Canadian Rebellion. 
In May, 1837, he moved to Cleveland, O., and soon after 
settled in Lorraine Co., O. In 1843 he moved to DeCalb 
Co., Ind., and in 1853 again moved to Fairview, Jones 
Co., la., where he d. Dec. 18, 1856, aged 52. Farmer 
and Free- Will Baptist. She d. in Lincoln, Neb., May 8, 
1887, aged 81. 

He had three children : — 

503. Orren E. Thomas, b. Sept. 25, 1832 ; was m. three times and had issue. 

504. Albert H. Thomas, b. April 17, 1835; in. Catherine Kay ton and 

has issue. 

505. Harriet M. Thomas, b. Oct. 23, 1837; m. Samuel Gonser and has 

issue. 

194. Alpheus Thomas 5 (son of David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ), b. in South Rutland, N. Y., March 5, 1807; 
m. Olive Ralph in 1828. She was b. Feb. 12. 1804. 
For several years he lived in the town of Pinckney, 



126 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWICK. 

Jefferson Co., N. Y., not far from the old homestead. 
At that time the country was sparsely settled, and his 
chief occupation was that of manufacturing- potash from 
wood-ashes. He was a member of and a deacon in the 
Baptist Church. He moved to the West, where he d. Feb. 
28, 1875, aged 68. His wife d. Jan. 31, 1887, aged 83. 
They had five children, all born in Pinckney, N. Y. : — 

506. Almanson D. Thomas, b. Jan. 18, 1829 ; m. Helen Green and has issue. 

507. Ezelda Thomas, b. Jan. 27, 1830 ; m. Ainer Spencer, and d. July 10, 

1855; had one dau., Aura Spencer, fc. 1853, m. Joseph Tait. 

508. Cornelia Thomas, b. Sept. 27, 1831; m. Charles Chapin; d. Feb. 1, 

1876 ; had one son, Eugene, b. 1862, unm. 

509. George Geary Thomas, b. July 27, 1833. 

lie enlisted in the 3d Wisconsin Cavalry Feb., 1865, and d. while in service 
at Nashville, Tenn. He m. Louis Odel; had two children, Emeline and Ervin 
Thomas. 

510. Denning Thomas b. Feb. 22, 1835. 

He enlisted in the 3d Wisconsin Cavalry and was shot, while on picket duty, 
by a " bush-whacker," April 13, 1865. He m. Augusta Wicks and had two 
children: Frank Thomas, b. Sept., 1861, and d. in 1868; and Josephine Olive 
Thomas, b. Aug. 19, 1863, m. Nov. 12, 1887, and d. Dec. 21, 1888, leaving one 
child, a daughter. 

195. Maria Thomas" (dau. of David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in South Rutland, N. Y., Dec. 11, 
1808; m. the Rev. Sherman Maltby Oct. 5, 1826. Her 
husband was a Baptist minister, but in those times 
country pastors were obliged to earn their own living to 
a large extent, and he was often found in the field caring 
for the growing crops or helping to gather in the harvest. 
He d. at Watertown, N. Y., Dec. 26, 1871, having been 
a faithful minister of the gospel over forty years. She is 
still living with one of her daughters at the age of four- 
score years. 

They had six children: — 

511. Deals Maltby, b. March 14, 1829 ; m. twice and has issue. 

512. Calvin Maltby, b. Aug. 15, 1831; d. 1845. 

513. Albert F. Maltby, b. Feb. 14, 1834; twice m. and had issue. 

514. Rev. Clark O. Maltby, b. July 19, 1836, in South Rutland, N. Y. ; 

m. Fannie E. Clark, dau. of Milton Clark, of Watertown, N. Y., Sept. 
22, 1859 ; she was b. April 23, 1838. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 127 

He graduated at the Normal School, Albany, N. Y., and taught one year in 
the Polytechnic Institute, at Brooklyn, N. Y. After his marriage lie entered 
the employment of his father-in-law, who was engaged in the leather and wool 
business. In the spring of 1864 he became a member of the firm of Milton 
Clark & Co. He continued in business until the spring of 1874, when he sold 
his interest and commenced the study of theology at the Rochester Theological 
Seminary. After graduating, in 1877, he accepted a call from the Baptist 
Church in Madison, Wis., where he remained until May, 1S83. He has since been 
pastor at Millard Ave., Chicago; Batavia, 111.; and of the Nicetown Church, 
Philadelphia. Having had no children of their own, they adopted first a boy, 
who d. at the age of 12 years, and second a girl, Cora Evelyn Maltby, b. Oct. 18, 
1870, and m. H. C. Howell, of Philadelphia, Dec, 1890; present residence, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. Rev. C. 0. Maltby has manifested much mechanical ingenuity, 
having invented a type-writer, in which new principles are brought out; also a 
combination door-lock, dispensing with the use of a key. Republican. 

515. Martette Maltby, b. May 9, 1838; m. Charles V. Harmon and has 

issue. 

516. Horatio S. Maltby, b. Sept, 14, 1841 ; he enlisted in the army, Sept. 

1861, and was killed in battle near Winchester, W. Va., Sept., 1864. 

196. Marietta Thomas 5 (dau. of David, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in South Rutland, N. Y., Sept. 
10, 1810; m. Feb. 26, 1834, to J. Harvey Bosworth, 
who was b. Nov. 10, 1810, and d. Jan. 25, 1840, leaving 
three children ; she m. 2d Nathaniel C. Scovil May 27, 
1843, who was b. June 6, ]800, and d. Aug. 29, 1856, 
leaving three children. She d. Jan. 16, 1884. 

Her six children were as follow : — 
By first husband : 

517. Marixda W. Bosworth, b. Dec. 22, 1834; m. Henry F. Clements and 

had issue. 

518. George D. Bosworth, b. Jan. 5, 1S37; m. Mary Ford and had issue. 

519. Mary B. Bosworth, b. March 6, 1840; m. John Van Dusen and had 

issue. 

By second husband : 

520. Nancy Jane Scovil, b. April 18, 1843 ; m. 1st Benjamin Wicks, and 2d 

Henry Pearsons, and had issue. 

521. Laura Ann Scovil, b. Jan. 30, 1847 ; m. Denison W. Tenney and had 

issue. 

522. Frank B. Scovil, b. Dec. 20, 1850; m. Eunice C. Rogers and had 

issue. 

197. Almeron Thomas 5 (son of David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in South Rutland, N. Y., June 25, 



128 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

1812; m. 1st Joanna Wilder Oct. 18, 1832 (b. Jan. 1, 
1813, and d. March 14, 1818, having been the mother of 
six children); he m. 2d Lois Payne May 18, 1818 (b. 
March 1, 1831). She has had two children. Almeron 
Thomas has been the architect of his own fortune and 
has achieved success. A large portion of his early mar- 
ried life was spent in St. Lawrence Co., N. Y., where he 
owned a large tract of timbered land, which he cleared, 
converting the logs into lumber. He also kept a grist- 
mill and general country store. About 1850 he sold his 
property in St. Lawrence Co. and located at Pulaski, 
Oswego Co., where he engaged in the milling business. 
He soon after moved to Mexico, Oswego Co., where he 
has resided the past thirty-four years. Here he has 
been engaged in milling, farming, and, for a time, in 
merchandize. He has owned fifteen different flour-mills 
in different parts of the country. For several years past 
he has left the care of the mills to his oldest son', Amos. 
He has been shrewd, industrious, enterprising, and fru- 
gal, and now, in his old age, has no lack of material 
good to minister to his comfort. He is an earnest advo- 
cate of temperance and a Republican. 

He has had eight children : — 

By first wife : 

523. Amos Clakk Thomas, b. Feb. 1, 1836 ; twice m. and has issue. 

524. Janette Louisa Thomas, b. May 26, 1838 ; m. Rufus Calkins March 

10, 1857 ; no issue. Residence, Mexico, N. Y. 

525. Avery A. Thomas, b. Jan. 2, 1810; d. March 18, 1811. 

526. Dexter Wilder Thomas, b. May 19, 1812; num. 

527. Mary Elizabeth Thomas, b. June 11, 1845; ni. Milton T. Parsons 

and has issue. 

528. Maria Maltby Thomas, b. July 21, 1847; m. Dr. H. H. Dobson and 

has issue. 

By second wife : 

529. Emma Louisa Thomas, b. May 23, 1856; m. Dr. E. M. Manwaren and 

has issue. 

530. Frederick Almeron Thomas, b. Sept. 10, 1867; m. Anna Taylor 

Nov. 6, 1888. She was b. July 28, 1S67. No issue. 



I 



**i# 




ALMERON THOMAS. 



PHOTO-COLLOTYPE. HOPE M'F'G CO. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 129 

Frederick A. Thomas is a graduate of the Mexico Academy and proprietor 
of a weekly newspaper, The Mexican. He is also a dealer in stationery and 
fancy articles. He is a young man of enterprise, and possesses much of his 
father's capacity for business. Residence, Mexico, N. Y. Republican. 

199. Ebenezer K. Thomas 5 (son of David, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in South Rutland, N. Y., June 
2, 1816. He m. 1st Lois Brown, of same place, June 7, 
1811 ; she d. Feb. 10, 1855, leaving- one son. He m. 
2d Isabel Boyd, of Blackberry, 111., June 7, 1855, who 
was b. Xov. 6, 1825. ' He has lived in Wisconsin and 
Illinois. Present residence, Le Mais, la. Farmer. 
Republican. 

He had six children : — 

By first wife: 

531. James B. Thomas, b. July 28, 1813; m. Elizabeth H. Vinz and has 

issue. 

By second wife : 

532. Elsie M. Thomas, b. Dec. 12, 1856 ; m. M. Henry Calhoun and has 

issue. 

533. Platt Thomas, b. Aug. 24, 1858 ; unm. Residence, Le Mars, la. 

Traveling salesman. Republican. 
531. Ai Thomas, b. May 18, 1861; d. Sept. 30, 1862. 

535. Esther M. Thomas, b. Sept. 24, 1863 ; d. Feb. 10, 1865. 

536. Mat A. Thomas, b. Sept. 2, 1869. 

201. Nancy Bigelow Thomas 5 (dau. of David, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in South Rutland, N. Y., Jan. 
30, 1823 ; m. Isaac Clements Sept. 19, 1845. He was b. 
in Stillwater, Saratoga Co., N. Y., Feb. 1, 1811; me- 
chanic, and resides in Tylerville, N. Y. 

They have two children : — 

537. Harriet Clements, b. Aug. 31, 1846; m. 1st John Snyder, and 2d 

Hiram C. Oatman, and has issue. 

538. Ann S. Clements, b. Sept. 28, 1851 ; m. D. L. Cornwell and has issue. 

202 Sarepta Thomas 5 (dau. of David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in South Rutland, N. Y., July 23, 
1827; m. to Darwin H. Bates, of same place, Jan. 11, 
1816. He was b. Dec. 23, 1820, and d. at Suspension 
Bridge Sept. 3, 1862. She d. Oct. 22, 1851. 



130 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

They had one child : — 

539. Julia Bates, b. July 18, 1847. She is reported to have married and 
settled somewhere in the West. 

203. Platt Thomas' (son of David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in South Rutland, N. Y., March 4, 
1829; m. Caroline Macomber in 1851 ; she d. May 20, 
1857. He m. 2d Leonora Remington Jan. 9, 1859; 
she was b. Oct. 22, 1836. They reside on a farm near 
Mexico, N. Y. Republican. 

They have two children : — 

By first wife : 

510. Cabbie E. Thomas, b. Nov. 21, 1861. 

By second wife : 

541. Herbert H. Thomas, b. Oct. 18, 1872. 



204. Jason Bigelow Thomas, M.D. 5 (son of Beals, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Hardwick, Mass., 
Aug-. 6, 1817. His mother was Nancy Bigelow, first 
wife of Beals Thomas. He commenced the study of 
medicine with Dr. Joseph N. Bates, of Barre, Mass. ; 
attended his first course of lectures at Pittsfield, Mass., 
and his second in Philadelphia, Pa., at the University of 
Pennsylvania, where he graduated in 1843. He com- 
menced practice in Warren, Mass., but removed to Thorn- 
dike, Mass., before his marriage. He m. Phila Mandell, 
dan. of Capt. Martin Mandell, of Hardwick, Mass., April 
17, 1850; she was b. April 5, 1824. Dr. J. B. Thomas 
combined dentistry with medicine and was reputed a man 
of skill and judgment in both branches of his profession. 
He d. in Thorndikc, Nov. 25, 1880, aged 63. His widow- 
and only living son still reside in Thorndike. 

He had three children : — 

542. A son. b. Aug. 31, 1855; d. Sept. 20, 1855. 
513. A daughter, b. April 21, I860; d. Aug. 14, 1SG0. 
544. Martin Mandell Thomas, b. June 28, 1S61 ; m. Eva Johnson Jan. 24, 
1889. Residence, Thorndike, Mass. 



FIFTH GENEKATION. 131 

206. Clara Egery Thomas 5 (dan. of Bonis, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Hardwick, Mass., July 21, 
1828. She was educated in Mt. Holyoke Seminary, 
having- been a pupil in that institution during the life of 
Miss Mary Lyon, the founder, and whose successful man- 
agement made it one of the most celebrated educational 
institutions in the country. She m. Addison Augustus 
Hunt, A.M., March 16, 1852. He was b. in Hardwick, 
Mass., June 20, 1822; graduated at Amherst College in 
1853; Principal of Ware High School four years, from 
1851 ; Principal of Worcester Grammar School from 
1855 to '74. In 1867, on account of his health, he 
purchased a farm at Barre Plains, Mass., where he spent 
his vacations and where he now resides. Congre- 
gationalists. 

They have had six children : — 

545. Frederick Addison Hunt, b. in Ware, Mass., July 26, 1853; d. Feb. 

25, 1856. 
516. Frank Thomas Hunt, b. in Worcester, Mass., Aug. 16, 1855; present 

address, Barre Plains ; unm. 

547. Carrie Washburn Hunt, b. in Worcester, Mass., Sept. 2, 1857. 

For several years she has been a teacher. In 1884, she went to Salt Lake 
City, Utah, to take charge of a school in that city. After three years' service, 
she was appointed by the New West Educational Commission (a society of the 
Congregational Church) to travel in California and the East, lecturing in the 
churches, and in various ways interesting the people in and raising funds for 
the cause of education in Utah. She possesses decided talent as speaker, holds 
her audience in rapt attention, and has met with marked success in her mission. 
She spent the summer and fall of 1890 in making a general lour of Great Britain 
and Europe with her sister and husband, Rev. George P. Knapp. Congre- 
gationalist. 

548. Edwin Newton Hunt, b. in Worcester, Mass., Feb. 17, I860; d. Feb. 

12, 1862. 

549. Anna Jane Hunt, b. in Worcester, Mass., Oct. 30, 1862. 

She graduated at Mt. Holyoke Seminary June 26, 1886. In 1887 she went 
to Salt Lake City, Utah, where her sister had preceded her, and took charge, as 
principal of the Plymouth School, returning to Mass. in 1889. She m., July 2, 
1S90, Rev. George Perkins Knapp, son of Rev. George C. Knapp, missionary at 
Bitlis, Turkey, where Geo. P. was born ; he graduated at Harvard College and 
Hartford Theological Seminary, and was ordained at Farmington, Conn., May 



132 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

28, 1890. They sailed for Europe July 19, 1890 ; he locates as missionary at 
Bitlis, Turkey ; Congregationalist. 

550. William Addison Hunt, b. June 13, 1865. Resides with his parents, 

at Barre Plains, Mass. 

208. Sarah Jane Thomas 5 (dau. of Beals, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Iiardwick, Mass., Sept. 21, 
1840 ; m. Franklin Wait, her cousin, son of* David Wait 
and Patience Thomas, his wife, Feb. 18, 1862. He is 
a farmer in Deerfield, Mass. ; Republican and Episcopa- 
lian. She d. in Deerfield Feb. 5, 1878. 

They had four children, all born in ( Deerfleld : — 

551. Agnes Thomas Wait, b. April 24, 1863; m. Wyman Smith Clapp 

Nov. 28, 1888, of Greenfield Mass. 
552 Elizabeth Jones Wait, b. July 10, 1865. 

553. Edith Wyman Wait, b. June, 18, 1872, 

554. Ida Patience Wait, b. Feb. 6, 1874. 



210. Avert Thomas 5 (son of Azariah, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in Perch River, Jeff. Co., N. Y., Jan. 3, 
1817. When at the age of about 4 years his father 
moved to Watertown, same county. He received his 
education in the common school, and in the Black River 
Institute. It was his purpose at one time to prepare 
himself for the ministry, but the impaired state of his 
health led him to abandon the idea. He learned the 
drug - , paint, and oil business, and for a number of years 
carried on a general painting business in Watertown. 
In 1859 he moved to Dayton, Ohio, and engaged in the 
same business; in 1866 he moved to New Jersey, pur- 
chased a fruit-farm at Hammonton, and engaged in fruit- 
raising, greatly to the benefit of his health; in 1867 he 
returned to Dayton, Ohio, to take charge of one of the 
largest varnish manufactories in the United States, which 
position he still holds. He is a member and deacon of 
the Baptist Church ; he has always been an earnest 
Sunday-school worker, and was, for a time, superin- 




F. W. THOMAS, M. D. 



PHOTO-COLLOTYPE. HOPE M'F'G CO. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 133 

tendcnt of the school in the church of which he is a 
member. He is a man of extensive reading, of wide 
information, and has an unusually retentive memory. He 
m. Lovina Dolly Bacon, dau. of Deacon Isaac Bacon and 
Eleanor Schull, his wife, at Watertown, N. Y., Aug. 30, 
1842. Republican. 

They have had five children, all born in Watertown, 
N. Y. :— 

555. Isaac Bacon Thomas, b. Aug. 19. 1843. 

He enlisted for three months upon the call for troops at the breaking out ol 
the Kebellion ; lie was in the first battle of Bull Run ; later in the war he again 
enlisted in the 124th Regiment of Ohio, while still a minor, and was with Sher- 
man in Tenn., where he contracted camp fever. His mother, with much diffi- 
culty, procured passes through the lines and succeeded in getting him home, 
where he d. July 9, 1863, aged 19. 

556. Eleanor Bacon Thomas, b. Jan. 10, 1845 ; m. Judge James Linden 

and has issue. 

557. Frank William Thomas, M.D., b. Dec. 29, 1846. 

In 1864 he came to Philadelphia and served an apprenticeship with a drug- 
gist ; he entered the College of Pharmacy in the fall of 1866 and graduated in 
the spring of 1868 ; in 1869 he commenced the study of medicine with his uncle, 
Dr. A. R. Thomas; he matriculated at the Hahnemann Medical College in Oct., 
1869, and graduated March, 1871. The following year he was Resident Physi- 
cian of the Albany (N. Y.) Homoeopathic Hospital ; in 1872 he located in 
Dayton, Ohio., where he acquired a very large and lucrative professional busi- 
ness. He was for two years a member of the Board of Health, of Dayton. 

Dr. Thomas d. Sept. 16, 1890, aged 44, from the effects of burns received from 
an explosion of gasoline. Stopping at the house of one of his patients, while wait- 
ing to be announced he stepped into the parlor, where the father of his patient 
was engaged in saturating the carpet and upholstered furniture with gasoline 
for the purpose of destroying moths. In an adjoining room, separated by a 
closed door, was an open-grate fire. Just at this moment, the gas having 
reached the fire, an explosion took place. Blinded by the flames with which he 
was surrounded, and with the flesh of his face and hands burned to a crisp, and 
with clothing on fire, he groped his way to the door and fell to the ground. 
Assistance was immediately at hand, the burning clothing extinguished, and he 
taken into the nearest house, where, in great suffering, he expired in eight hours. 

Dr. Thomas was undoubtedly the most pcpularand best-known physician 
in the city of Dayton. His skill and success in his profession, with his devotion 
to his patients, gave him a reputation acquired by few, while the shocking 
manner of his death produced a profound sensation in that community, and 
rarely has one been more deeply or more sincerely mourned. 

The following is copied from a New York paper, the editor of which was at 
one time a patient of Dr. Thomas : — 



134 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

"Southern Ohio and the medical profession meet with an irreparable loss in 
the tragic death of Dr. Thomas, of Dayton. Though his practice was in the 
most aristocratic circles, no one was more kind to the poor. They were always 
with him and he blessed them. He was not only a thoroughly educated but a 
natural-born physician. He had at once the logical and intuitive mind, the 
keen power of analysis, and the perceptive faculties so essential to one of his 
profession. As a syrnptomatologist the writer has yet to meet his equal. His 
was a well-formed, symmetrically-rounded character. To the writer and his 
family he was more than the words ' physician and friend' express, and those 
who with us mourn his loss may well do so, for ' we ne'er shall look upon his 
like again.' " 

He was unmarried, and lived with his parents and unmarried sisters, to all 
of whom he was deeply devoted. He was a member of the Baptist Church and 
Republican. 

558. Marie Sarah Thomas, b. Aug. 1, 1849; unm. 

559. Hattie Elizabeth Thomas, b. Sept. 29, 1852; unm. 

Both these daughters of Avery Thomas have exhibited high artistic talent, 
the former in water-coloring, the latter in wood-carving; her work in this line 
has been much admired, some pieces showing a high degree of taste and skill in 
execution. 

211. Harriet Thomas 5 (dan. of Azariah, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Perch River, N. Y., June 1, 
1819. She m. William Barnes, of Sheridan, Chautauqua 
Co., N. Y., Oct, 11, 1813, who was b. in Chautauqua 
Co. Aug-. 7, 1819. He is a carpenter and builder. They 
moved to Kane Co., 111., immediately after their mar- 
riage, where they now reside at Kaneville, Kane Co. 
He was a Methodist and Republican. 

They have had seven children, all born in Black- 
bury, 111.:— 

560. Sarah Barnes, b. March 25, 1846 ; m. Henry Hibbard and has issue. 

561. Florence Barnes, b. March 21, 1816 ; d. Sept., 1851. 

562. Pauline Barnes, b. Sept. 3, 1850; d. June, 1852. 

563. Mary Barnes, b. Sept. 7, 1852 ; d. Sept., 1854. 

564. Charles Barnes, b. Feb. 3, 1854. Stenographer. 

565. William Henry Barnes, M.D., b. Jan. 11, 1856, in Kane Co., 111. 
He studied medicine with Dr. A. R. Thomas, and graduated at Hahnemann 

Medical College March, 1881. Now settled in practice in Philadelphia, Penna. 

566. George Barnes, b. Oct. 8, 1864 ; m. Miss Stevens, Dec. 31, 1890. 

Address, Kaneville, 111. Runs a creamery. 

212. Melinda Thomas 5 (dan. of Azariah, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Perch lliver, Jefferson Co., 



FIFTH GENEKATION. 135 

N. Y., June 3, 1821. In 1839 she moved to Chautau- 
qua Co., N. Y., where she m. Horace Ottoway, of 
Illinois, Oct. 3, 1811. Horace Ottoway, son of James 
Ottoway and Elizabeth Wood, his wife, was b. April 21, 
1815, in the county of Kent, England. He came to 
America with his father when 8 years of age, and settled 
in Chautauqua Co., N. Y. In 1836 he went West and 
settled in Illinois, and has lived in Kane, McHenry, and 
Whiteside Cos. in that State. In 1883 he moved to 
Kirkman, Shelby Co., la., where he now resides. He 
has always been engaged in farming and land speculat- 
ing. Melinda Thomas Ottoway d. Oct. 3, 1858, aged 37. 
They had five children : — 

567. Albert Horace Ottoway, b. in Blackbury, Kane Co., 111., Sept. 27, 

1846; m. Adelia Adelaide Hanes and had issue. 

568. Charles Thomas Ottoway, b. in Blackbury Nov. 21, 1819 ; m. Nannie 

Been and had issue. 

569. Herbert James Ottoway, b. Feb. 26, 1852, in Algonquin, McHenry 

Co., 111. ; m. Celeste Sutherland and has issue. 

570. Edgar Russell Ottoway, b. in Erie, Whiteside Co., 111., April 5,1854. 
In July, 1887, he left his home for the purpose of looking up a location for 

starting the hardware business in Nebraska. He has never been seen or heard 
from since. It is generally supposed that he was murdered for his money. 

571. Ida Jane Ottoway, b. in Blackbury, Kane Co., 111., Aug. 3, 1856 ; 

m. Newton I. Snow and has issue. 

211. Amos Russell Thomas, M.D. 5 (son of Azariah, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. at Watertown, N. Y., 
Oct. 3, 1826. He received his education in the common 
schools and in the Jefferson County Institute. He en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits in the village of Ogdens- 
burgh, N. Y., in 1850. Finding this employment uncon- 
genial, and having a strong predilection for the medical 
profession, he commenced the study of medicine in 1852, 
matriculating at the Syracuse Medical College in the fall 
of the same year and graduating in the spring of 1851. 
Coming to Philadelphia in the same year, he took another 
course of lectures and graduated at the Penn Medical 



136 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

University. Being offered the position of Demonstrator 
of Anatomy in that institution, he accepted the same, 
and made Philadelphia his future home. In 1856 he 
was appointed to the chair of Anatomy, which position 
he held for ten years. 

In 1856 he was appointed Professor of Artistic Anat- 
omy in the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. 
He held this position for fourteen years. In 1863 he was 
appointed Professor of Artistic Anatomy in the School 
of Design for Women, which position he held for eight 
years. 

He served as volunteer surgeon during the late war, 
and was placed in charge of one of the wards in the 
Armory Square Hospital at Washington. 

Becoming interested in the examination of the merits 
of homoeopathy soon after settling in Philadelphia, he 
was led to adopt that system of practice. In 1867 he 
was appointed Professor of Anatomy in the Hahnemann 
Medical College of Philadelphia, which position he still 
holds. He lias also heen Dean of the Faculty since 
1874. During this time, and largely through his per- 
sonal efforts, new college and hospital buildings have 
been erected at a cost of nearly a half-million of dollars, 
the curriculum of study has been extended, the term of 
study prolonged, and the college brought to a degree of 
prosperity never before attained. 

He has published a work on " Post-Mortem Examina- 
tions and Morbid Anatomy" (1872), besides various 
addresses and numerous contributions to medical jour- 
nals, and for five years served as general editor of the 
American Journal of Homoeopatliic Materia Medica. 
He is a member of various medical societies, and has 
been President of the Pennsylvania State and Philadel- 
phia County Medical Societies. He is a life-member of 



FIFTH GENERATION. 137 

the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, mem- 
ber of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania ; honorary 
member of the Historical Society of Dallas, Texas ; 
member of the Horticultural Society of Pennsylvania 
and of the Fairmount Park Art Association. 

Sept. 26, 1847, he m. Elizabeth M. Bacon, of Water- 
town, N. Y., dau. of Isaac Bacon and Eleanor Schull, 
his wife. Republican. 

They have had two children : — 

572. Charles Monroe Thomas, M.D., b. in Watertown, N. Y., May 3, 1849 ; 

m. Marion E. Tumbull and has issue. 

573. Florence L. Thomas, b. in Syracuse, N. Y., Nov. 16, 1853 ; m. to J. 

Nicholas Mitchell, M.D., Oct. 3, 1877; d. May 17, 1880, leaving 
issue. 



218. Lydia Ann Thomas 5 (dau. of Heman, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., Dec. 29, 
1810. She m. 1st Winslow Packard and had issue. He 
d. April 10, 1852, and she m. 2d Deacon Perley Howard, 
of Barre, Mass., March 30, 1858, in New Salem, Mass. 
He d. Dec. 5, 1871 ; shed. Jan. 16, 1889, at New Salem, 
Mass., aged 78. Baptist. 

She had one child, by first husband : — 

574. Mary J. Packard, b. Nov. 7, 1848, in New Salem. 

Miss Packard has for several years been Secretary of the Spelman Seminary 
at Atlanta, Ga., of which her half-sister, Sophia B. Packard, is Principal. The 
Spelman Seminary was organized and successfully established by Miss Packard 
ia 1881. It is probably the largest and most successful institution for the edu- 
cation of colored girls in the South. It has over seven hundred pupils and 
thirty teachers. The course of study, of four or six years' duration, embraces 
various industrial pursuits, as well as a thorough English education, including 
the higher mathematics, astronomy, and the sciences generally, and music. The 
Normal Department graduates a large class every year. 

Miss Sophia B. Packard, the originator of the Spelman Seminary at Atlanta, 
Ga., is a woman of wonderful energy and executive ability, and is still at the 
head of the Institution. 

220. Martin Thomas 5 (son of Heman, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., Dec. 8, 1815; 



138 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

m. Ann Fisher, of Colerain, Feb. 12, 1839. He d. in 
New Salem June 26, 1816. He was a farmer, Baptist, 
and Republican. 

He had two children : — 

575. Esther Ann Thomas, b. Jan. 27, 1840 ; d. in Wauwatosa, Wis., in 

1863, aged 22. 

576. Mary Jane Thomas, b. Nov. 1, 1844; m. Charles Dwight Watson and 

lias issue. 



223 Mary Ann Luddon 5 (dan. of Mary [Thomas] 
Luddon, 4 Amos, 3 Amos,' 2 William 1 ) was b. in Henrietta, 
Monroe Co., N. Y., April 5, 1816. She m. James M. 
Curtis Oct. 13, 1839, who was b. April 12, 1817; d. 
July 16, 1880. Lived in Murray when first married; 
later, settled in Kendall, N. Y., where most of the chil- 
dren were born. J. M. Curtis was a farmer and "Repub- 
lican. Both Methodists. 

They had nine children : — 

577. James Henry Curtis, b. April 23, 1811 ; in. Amanda Cook and has 

issue. 

578. Mary Arvilla Curtis, b. March 11, 1813 ; m. Allen Spencer and has 

issue. 

579. Rhoba Emeline Curtis, b. Nov. 4, 1844 ; m. Wallace Buell and had 

issue. 
5S0. Ellen Kate Curtis, b. Jan. 20, 1817 ; m. Fayette J. Carrington and 
has issue. 

581. George Harvey Curtis, b. Feb. 21, 1850. 

582. Amelia Jane Curtis, b. April 12, 1852. 

583. Dollie Elizabeth Curtis, b. Oct. 2, 1854 ; m. William Fletcher ; no 

issue. 
581. William Andrew Curtis, b. Aug. 14, 1857 •; m. Ida Slater and has 

issue. 
585. Jessie Nora Ccrtis, b. July 22, I860; m. Sylvester Case and has issue. 

221. Bhoda Sarepta Luddon 5 (dan. of Mary [Thomas] 
Lnddon, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Henrietta, 
Monroe Co., N. Y., Aug. 10, 1831 ; m. George L. Stone 
in Murray, Monroe Co., N. Y., Jan. 19, 1851. He was 
b. Oct. 3, 1828. G. L. Stone is a farmer. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 139 

They had five children : — 

5S6. Emma Stone, b. March 13, 1852; m. Sanford Hinckley and has issue. 

587. George Fenn Stone, b. Sept. 12, 1856; m. Ella Lockwood; no issue 

Gardener. Rochester, N. Y. 

588. Lewis Ferdinand Stone, b. Sept. 23, 1862, in Darlington, C. W.; in. 

Lillie Coons, of Napl.es, N. Y., Dec, 1888. Farmer. Address, 
Canandaigua, N. Y. 

589. Harriet Sybil Stone, b. in Murray, N. Y., March 22, I860 ; d. March 

29, 1864. 

590. Edwin James Stone, b. Sept, 26, 1867 ; unm. Farmer. Address, 

Canandaigua, N. Y. 



225. Rhoda Phillips 5 (dan. of Rhoda [Thomas] 
Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Henrietta, 
Monroe Co., N. Y., Nov. 3, 1815. She m., March 4, 
1 835, George W. Brown (son of Miner Brown, 3d hus- 
band of Rhoda Thomas), who was b. in Lenox, Madison 
Co., N. Y., June 18, 1813. He was a farmer and Re- 
publican and both were Congregationalists. Rhoda 
Phillips Brown d. Nov. 21, 1881 ; he d. May 7, 1882. 

They had five children, all b. in Henrietta : — 

591. George Henry Brown, b. Aug. 16, 1837; m. Martha Ann Collar; no 

issue; address, Rochester, N. Y. ; ticket-agent in railroad-office. 

592. Ellen Malissa Brown, b. March 24, 1840; m. Wirt Matthews Oct. 2, 

1861, and had issue. 

593. William Jay Brown, b. May 6, 1843 ; m. Ella Pierce April, 1S69, 

and had issue. 

594. Frances Adeline Brown, b. June 1, 1846; m. Gurdon E. Pendleton 

Feb. 13, 1868, and has issue. 

595. Harvey Clarence Brown, b. July 3, 1849; d. June 28, 1867. 

226. Lura Emily Phillips 5 (dau. of Rhoda [Thomas] 
Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Henrietta, 
Monroe Co., N. Y., Oct. 26, 1817 ; she m. Sereno Stone 
(brother of George L. Stone) Aug. 28, 1834; he d. Nov. 
23, 1889, aged 76 years. Present address, Holley, 
Orleans Co., N. Y. 

They had nine children : — 

596. Benjamin Harvey Stone, b. Sept. 23, 1835 ; m. Jan. 15, 1865, to Sarah 

J. Darling, and had issue. 



140 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

597. William Fenn Stone, b. Dec. 30, 1837; m. Oct., 1865, to Marion E. 

Stone; no issue ; Michigan. 

598. Franklin Myron Stone, b. July 22, 1840; d. Dec. 28, 1864. 

599. Mary Emily Stone, b. July 13, 1842; m. Jeremiah West Dec, 1880; 

no issue. 

600. Charles Sereno Stone, b. Dec. 12, 1844 ; m. Annie M. Morse Nov. 18, 

1867, and has issue. 

601. Elbert Earl Stone, b. Sept. 12, 1S46 ; m. Adell Friese July, 1872, 

and has issue. 

602. Josephine Arabella Stone, b. March 29, 1849; m. Willard H. 

Hawkins and has issue. 

603. Atlie Dwight Stone, b. April 6, 1852 ; m. Hannah Burdick, in 1879, 

and has issue. 

604. Adelbert DeWitt Stone, b. July 14, 1855; m. Carrie Daisy Buell 

Jan. 9, 1889 ; she was b. June 9, 1867. 

227. Harvey Thomas Phillips 5 (son of Rhoda 
[Thomas] Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 
Henrietta, Monroe Co., N. Y., Feb. 5, 1824. His father, 
Benjamin Phillips, dying in 1831, his mother, in 1833, 
married her second husband, Samnel Whitcomb, after 
which time Harvey T. Phillips lived with his eldest sister, 
Mrs. George W. Brown, working- on the farm in the 
summer and going to school in the winter. At 18 years 
of age he commenced the study of medicine and attended 
a full course of lectures at the Geneva Medical College, 
Geneva, N. Y. Not satisfied with his general education, 
he fitted himself for college and entered Dartmouth Col- 
lege, Dartmouth, N. H., in 1845. Here he spent four 
years, teaching some portion of each year, and graduating 
in 1849. Having abandoned the idea of continuing the 
study of medicine and having exhausted his resources, he 
at once accepted an offer of a position as tutor in a 
private family in Mississippi ; here he remained for one 
year, when he settled in Chattanooga, Tenn., taking a 
position as teacher in an academy. Resigning this 
position, he next took editorial charge of a Democratic 
newspaper for a year or two, when he received the 
appointment of postmaster of the city of Chattanooga ; 







HARVEY THOMAS PHILLIPS. 



PHOTO-COLLOTYPE. HOPE 




ALPHEUS O. THOMAS. 



FIFTH GENERATION". 141 

this position he held until the evacuation of the city by 
the Confederates, in 1863 ; then, as Postmaster of the 
Army of Tennessee, he moved with the headquarters of 
the army until the surrender at Greensboro, N. C. At 
the close of the war he visited his relatives in New York 
State, after which he returned to the South and located 
at Atlanta, Ga., where he still resides; here he at first 
engaged in newspaper editorial work, but soon started 
the book and stationery business, under the firm of 
Phillips & Crew, later adding music and musical instru- 
ments ; in 1883 they sold out the book and stationery 
department, continuing as dealers in pianos, organs, and 
music generally. 

Harvey T. Phillips has been married three times. The 
first marriage was in 1854, to Bettie Bruckner, of La., 
by whom he had two children; she d. in 1861. He m. 
2d Katie Dyson, of Va., July 20, 1865; she d. in June, 
1866, leaving no issue. He m. 3d Bettie Wharton, 
of Huntsville, Ala., Jan. 20, 1869, by whom he has had 
three children. 

The five children of Harvey T. Phillips are : — 

By first wife : 

605. Fanny Sara Phillips, b. April 15, 1856; d. Nov. 19, 1857. 

606. James Bruckner Phillips, b. Nov. 29, 1858; m. Carrie Richards and 

has issue. 

By third wife : 

607. Henry Wharton Phillips, b. June 9, 1872; d. Jan. 19, 1S74. 

608. Harvey Hudnut Phillips, b. March 7, 1874. 

609. Nellie Wharton Phillips, b. June 30, 1876. 



229. Alpheus Orlando Thomas 5 (son of Ardon, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Prescott, Mass., Jan. 
29, 1826. When about 2h years old his father moved 
to New Salem, Mass. At the age of 18 he entered the 
woolen-mills of Bane Plains, Mass., where he learned the 



142 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

dyeing branch of the woolen business ; becoming an 
expert in that branch of the business, he was placed at 
its head and ultimately made superintendent of the mills. 
After having held this position for several years, he 
moved to Waltham, Mass., where he engaged in the 
express business, under the firm name of Weeks & 
Thomas; he continued in this business for ten years, 
when he sold out and engaged in the nursery business, 
which he has followed for the past thirteen years. He 
m. Elizabeth Ocford Hill July 28, 1847, by whom he 
has had four children. Methodist and Republican. 

610. John Bradford Thomas, b. Sept. 11, 1850, in Barre, Mass.; m. Ruth 

Etta Wellington Sept. 28, 1882, and lias issue. 

611. Jane Elizabeth Thomas, b. Nov. 8, 1853, in Barre, Mass.; m. 

Frederick K. Hurxthal Oct. 7, 1880, and has issue. 

612. Rufina Finetta Thomas, b. Aug. 25, 1855; d. Aug. 20, 1860. 

613. Francis Harvey Thomas, b. Oct. 21, 1857; d. March 18, 1861. 

'230. James Holmes Thomas 5 (son of Ardon, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Feb. 8, 1827, in Prescott, Mass.; 
m. Lucy. A. Wellington, at Rutland, April 20, 1851 ; 
she was b. Oct. 17, 1833, at West Boyleston, Mass. He 
is a photographer, and now resides in North Grafton, 
Mass. ; Methodist and Republican. 

They have one child : — 

614. Carrie M. Thomas, b. Jan. 15, 1864, at North Grafton, Mass. ; unm. 

231. Rosannah Sarepta Thomas 5 (dan. of Ardon, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Nov. 29, 1829, at New 
Salem, Mass. ; m. Charles Webb, of Hardwick, Mass., 
March 15, 1849, at Barre, Mass. Charles Webb was b. 
April 6, 1822, and d. April 20, 1887, in Worcester, Mass. 
He was an earnest worker in the cause of temperance. 
Present address, Charlestown, Mass. Methodist. 

They had six children : — 

615. Emma Frances Webb, b. Jan. 30, 1850, at Barre. Mass.; m. Benjamin 

Nourse July 27, 1874, and had issue. 

616. Jonathan Webb, b. June 2, 1852, at New Braintree, Mass. ; m. Ida 

Frances Hodgkiss and had iesue. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 



143 



617. George Daland Webb, b. April 16, 1854 ; m. Abfie Holman and had 

issue. 

618. Anna Estella Webb, b. July 29, 1859 ; m. Henry Willard Watkins 

and has issue. 

619. Ardon Alberto Webb, b. Dec. 25, 1867, at Barre, Mass. ; d. March 30, 

1869, at Petersham, Mass. 

620. Rossie Maud Webb, b. June 2, 1872, at Worcester, Mass. 

232. Rufina Finetta Thomas 5 (dau. of Ardon, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., May 20, 
1832. She m. Alden B. Woodis March 24, 1862, at 
West Brookfield, Mass. He was b. in New Braintree, 
Mass., Oct. 6, 1836. Baptist. Present address, Danvers, 
Mass. 

They have one child : — 

621. Allie Arthur Woodis, b. April 7, 1869, at New Salem, Mass. 



235. Eliza Ann Thomas 5 (dan. of Alpheus, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., Oct. 5, 
1822. She m. Rev. Rodney Gage, son of Asahel Gage, 
of Hadley, Mass., April 23, 1819. He was b. in Had- 
ley Ang. 7, 1821. She d. at Concord, N. H., Oct. 25, 
1852, while her husband was a student of the Methodist 
Theological Institute in that city. 

They had one child, a daughter :— 

622. Mary Kebecca Gage, b. in New Salem, Mass., April 17, 1851; m. 
Jason T. Owen, of Orion, Mich., and has issue. 

236. Sarah Newcomb Thomas 5 (2d dau. of Alpheus, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., 
Dec. 4, 1825; m. Rev. Rodney Gage, whose 1st wife 
was Eliza A. Thomas, an older sister, at New Salem, 
Mass., June 6, 1853. While living in Massachusetts 
Mr. Gage was stationed at the following places : North 
Prescott, South Hadley Falls, Holyoke, Sutton, North 
Andover, Chicopee Falls, and Hubbardstown. In Aug., 
1862, he was appointed Chaplain in the Army at Alex- 



144 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

andria, Va., and served until June, 1867. After his 
discharge from the United States Service he resumed his 
pastoral work in the State of Michigan, and was stationed 
in Augusta, Washington, Orion, Dryden, Almont, Utica, 
Grand Blanc, Seymore Lake, and Ruby. Present resi- 
dence, with his daughter, Mrs. Owen, at Orion, Mich. 
Mrs. Gage d. at Seymore, Lake Michigan, April 13, 
1880. She was an excellent scholar and, previous to her 
marriage, a successful teacher, an earnest, devoted Chris- 
tian woman, and a rare model for a minister's wife. 
They had two children : — 

623. Channing Thomas Gage, b. at Sutton, Mass., Feb. 1, 1858 ; m., Oct. 

18, 1887, Ida Early, of Detroit, 
621. Lilian Eliza Gage, b. in Cbicopee Falls, Mass., June 12, 1863. 

238. Edward Augustus Thomas 5 (son of Alpheus, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., 
April 10, 1829. He was educated at the New Salem and 
Wilbraham Academies. He taught school for several 
winters, and for five years was Principal of one of the 
grammar schools in the city of Lynn, Mass. In 1855 
he removed to North Prescott, where for fifteen years he 
was engaged in mercantile pursuits. In 1864 he was 
elected a member of the Massachusetts House of Repre- 
sentatives, and was appointed by its Speaker, the late 
Governor Bullock, a member of the State Valuation 
Committee for 1865. In 1869 he was elected to the 
Massachusetts Senate, and in the fall of that year moved 
to Amherst, Mass., where he now resides. During the 
following year he was commissioned a Trial Justice, and 
for more than a dozen years was magistrate for that part 
of the county. At present he is engaged in insurance 
and real estate business. 

Edward A. Thomas was for many years a member of 
the Methodist Church, but on removing to Amherst con- 




HON. EDWARD A. THOMAS. 



PHOTO-COLLOTYPE. HO°E M'F'G CO. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 145 

nected himself with the First Congregational Church, 
and for four years was one of its deacons. 

Feb. 22, 1852, he m. Betsy Maria Bacon, dau. of 
Henry and Julia Bacon, of Barre, Mass. She was b. 
Jan. 13, 1834. 

They have two children : — 

625. Miner Raymond Thomas, b. at North Prescott Aug. 2, 1856. 

He fitted for college at the New Salem Academy and the Amherst High 
School, and graduated at Amherst College in the class of 1878. He afterward 
studied law at the Boston University for three years, and is now practicing law 
in the city of Boston in the firm of Johnson & Thomas; unm. 

626. Marion Maria Thomas, b. at Amherst Aug. 1, 1873. 

239. Rev. Chauncy Boardman Thomas 5 (3d son of 
Alplieus, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New 
Salem, Mass.,. Sept. 7, 1834. He fitted for college at 
the New Salem and Amherst Academies, and entered 
Amherst College in 1851. After graduating, he taught 
one year in a boarding-school in Ellington, Conn., 
and one year in a select school in Westfield, Mass. 
In Sept., 1857, he entered the Theological Seminary at 
Andover. The summer of 1859 he spent in traveling in 
Europe for his health. He graduated at Andover in 
Aug., 1860. In Oct. of the same year he accepted an 
appointment as City Missionary in Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
June 6, 1862, he was appointed by President Lincoln 
Hospital Chaplain in the United States Army. He 
served one and a half years at Alexandria, Va., and two 
and a half years at New Orleans, La. After the close 
of the war he was chosen acting pastor of the Congre- 
gational Church of Chicago. Subsequently, for three 
and a half years, he served as acting pastor of the Con- 
gregational Church in Peru, 111. In 1872, owing to ill 
health, he resigned his pastorate in Peru and removed to 
Amherst, Mass., where he remained about four years. 
In 1876 he settled as pastor of the Congregational 



146 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

Church in Glover, Vt. In the summer of 1880 he gave 
up his pastoral work entirely, and spent the last six 
months of his life with his brother at Amherst, where he 
d. on the 20th day of Jan., 1881. He was a man of 
fine culture, and, as a preacher, much above the average. 
He m. Catherine Storm, dau. of Jacob and Maria R. 
Storm, Jan. 28, 1863. 
He left one son : — 

627. Chauncy R. Thomas, b. Aug. 21, 1876. 

240. Charles Utley Thomas 5 (son of Alpheus, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., Feb. 10, 
1836. He taught school for a number of years in the 
towns of Hardwick, Barre, and Leverett. In 1856 he 
commenced mercantile life in Boston, Mass. In 1870 
he became a partner in the firm of Taylor, Thomas & Co., 
wholesale dry-goods merchants. Upon the death of Mr. 
Taylor, in 1881, the firm became that of Bradford, 
Thomas & Co., and still so exists. Their business 
amounts to several million dollars a year, and their 
annual sales are said to be in excess of any other dry- 
goods jobbing-house in the city of Boston. Feb. 5, 1868, 
Mr. Thomas was m. to Harriet F. Fifield, who was b. in 
Monroe, Mich., March 28, 1843, dau. of Major Benja- 
min F. and Harriet M. Fifield. They are members of 
the Congregational Church. Republican. 

They have one son: — 

628. Paul Fifield Thomas, b. May 5, 1881. 

241. Edwin Augustine Thomas 5 (youngest son of 
Alpheus, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, 
Mass., Aug. 13, 1841. He received his education at the 
Salem Academy, Wilbraham Academy, and Phillips 
Academy, at Andover, Mass. He received his early 
business training in his father's store, at North Prescott. 




CHARLES UTLEY THOMAS. 



PHOTO-COLLOTYPE. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 147 

111 1877 he removed to Amherst, Mass., where he 
engaged in the dry-goods husiness ; in the spring of 1887 
he removed to Milford, Mass., where he is doing husiness 
under the firm name of Thomas & Woolcott, continuing 
his business at the same time in Amherst. He was a 
member of the First Congregational Church in Amherst 
and, at the time of his removal to Milford, was one of the 
deacons of that church. March 29, 1865, he m. Miss 
Lucy A. Parkhurst, of Templeton, Mass., dau. of Paul 
K. and Almira J. Parkhurst. 

They have had three children : — 

629. Herbert Edwin Thomas, b. April 13, 1S72; d. Dec. 6, 1874. 

630. Grace Thomas, b. Dec. 6, 1875. 

631. Harry P. Thomas, b. March 4, 1878. 



284. Daniel Ruggles 5 (son of Lucinda [Thomas] 
Ruggles, 4 Daniel, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. March 9, 
1800; m. Sarah Mayo, of Hampden, Me.; d. Sept., 
1862. 

He had three children : — 

632. Sarah B. Ruggles, d. in infancy. 

633. Mary L. Ruggles, b. Dec. 2, 1S27, in Carmel, Me. ; m. J. G. Croxford 

Jan. 1, 1849, and had issue. 

634. Sarah D. Ruggles, d. young. 

285. Lucinda Ruggles 5 (dau. of Lucinda [Thomas] 
Ruggles, 4 Daniel, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Carmel, 
Me. ; m. 1st Enoch Mayo, 2d John Gillison, of Orano, 
Me., by whom she had one child. 

She had by her first husband nine children, three of 
whom died in infancy : — 

635. Enoch Mayo. 

636. Daniel T. Mayo. 

637. Lucinda A. Mayo. 

638. Melinda Mayo. 

639. George A. Mayo. 

640. Almira Mayo. 

By second husband : 

641. Kate Gillison. 



148 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

287. Mercy Ruggles 5 (dan of Lucinda [Thomas] 
Ruggles, 4 Daniel, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Carmel, 
Me. ; m. Elisha Mayo, of Hampden, Me. 

They had two children : — 

642. Edward E. Mayo, b. Dec. 16, 1827; m. Lizzie Rounds and had issue. 

643. Angie Ester Mayo, d. young. 

291. Anna D. Ruggles 5 (dan. of Lucinda [Thomas] 
Ruggles, 4 Daniel, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Carmel, 
Me.; m. Joseph Getchell ; she d. in 1859; her husband 
was killed in the mills. 

They had one child : — 

644. Frank Herbert Getchell. 

300. Betsy Hastings 5 (dau. of Theophilus Hastings, 4 
Submit [Jordan] Hastings, 3 Temperance [Thomas] Jor- 
dan, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 1786 ; m. Timothy P. Ander- 
son Oct. 17, 1811 ; d. Nov. 25, 1868. 

They had four children : — 

645. Elvira Anderson, b. in 1813 ; m. 1st Charles Alexander, of Win- 

chester, N. H., Sept. 21, 1834, and 2d John Severance, of same 
place, Nov. 24, 1844. 

646. Eliza Anderson, b. in 1820; d. unm. May 24, 1841. 

647. Almeda Anderson, b. in 1825 ; m. Joseph D. Dexter, Jr., March 

8, 1846. 

648. Maria Anderson, m. Festus Spooner, of Jericho, Vt., May 25, 1836. 

305. Harriet Hastings 5 (dau. of Theophilns Has- 
tings, 4 Submit [Jordan] Hastings, 3 Temperance [Thomas] 
Jordan, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 1805; m. William Frost 
Feb. 5, 1843; d. June 29, 1845. 

They had one child : — 

649. Henrietta Frost, b. Dec. 15, 1843 ; m. Alonzo L. Alden April 15, 

1868, and had issue. 
Alonzo L. Alden was a direct descendant of John Alden, who came over in 
the " Mayflower " with the Pilgrim Fathers. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 

" Catch ! then oh ! catch the transient hour ; 
Improve each moment as it flies ; 
Life's a short summer — man a flower, 
He dies — alas ! how soon he dies." — Dr. Johnson. 

340. Charles William Thomas 6 (eldest son of Mer- 
rick, 5 Seneca, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 
Oakville, Ont., Canada, Sept. 23, 1830. At the age of 
18 he entered the employ of Melancton Sampson, ship- 
builder, at Oakville. He later went to New York City 
for the purpose of perfecting- himself in draughting, and 
there became foreman of the steam-frigate "Niagara," 
then bein^ built ; also foreman of the yacht " America." 
Returning to Oakville, he there made his first venture 
as ship-builder and owner, in 1855, by building the 
schooner " Crescent," which was afterward lost, with 
all hands, on Lake Ontario. He afterward built and 
was owner of the schooners " Mary," " Chieftain," and 
"Junius." In 1859 he sold out his shipping interest 
and settled as one of the pioneers at his present residence, 
Anderdon Mills, Gordon P. O., Essex Co., Ont. Here he 
built a lumber- and flour- mill, which he still operates. 
In 1866-7 he built a lumber- and flour- mill in the town 
of Amherstburg, Essex Co. ; these were burned in 1868, 
at a loss of $20,000; he rebuilt in 1869, and in 1876 
they were again burned; in Dec, 1877, he again rebuilt 
the flour-mill and then sold out. In 1878 he built a 
lumber-mill at Texas Landing, on the Detroit River, 
which he operated one year and then sold. He has 
since operated his lumber- and flour- mills at Anderdon 

(149) 



150 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

Mills. He is one of the oldest magistrates in Essex Co., 
and has been Reeve and Co. Councillor for town of 
Anderdon for four years and Deputy for town of Amherst- 
burg for three years. 

Charles William Thomas m. 1st Mary Ann Smith, b. 
in Blockley, Worcestershire, Eng. ; she d. May 14, 1868, 
and left issue. He m. 2d the widow of Thomas O. 
Mcars, of Buffalo, N. Y., whose maiden name was 
Salmoni ; she d. March 4, 1879 ; no issue. Episcopalian. 

Mr. Thomas had six children, all by his first wife : — 

650. Charles Merrick Smith Thomas, b. at Oakville, Ont., Aug. 31, 1855; 

rn. Margaret Heard and has issue. 

651. Rebecca Elizabeth Thomas, b. at Oakville, Ont., Aug. 11, 1S57; d. 

April 23, 1859. 

652. Samuel Smith Thomas, b. Aug. 30, 1859, near Amherstburg, Ont. ; d. 

Jan. 29, 1864. 

653. Aaron Silverthorn Thomas, b. Sept. 5, 1862, near Amherstburg, Ont. ; 

is now a scholar in the Mercantile School at Detroit, Mich. 

654. Mary Jane Thomas, b. Sept., 1864, near Amherstburg, Ont; d. Sept., 

1864. 

655. Alfred Thomas, b. July 8, 1868, at Amherstburg, Ont.; d. Aug. 20, 

1868. 

343. George Chisholm Thomas (son of Merrick, 5 
Seneca, 4 Dr. William," Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. at Oak- 
ville, Ont., Canada, Jan. 28, 1834. When about 16 he 
entered the employ of Thomas & Merriam, West India 
grocers, at Boston, Mass. ; he remained with them for 
several years and then started business for himself in 
Boston. About 1869 he removed to Chicago and 
engaged in the sewing-machine business ; he was burned 
out in the great fire of Oct., 1871, losing everything; 
now in the real-estate business at Mayfair, near Chicago, 
and has charge of stereotype-works in Chicago. 

The children by this union have been four : — 

656. Esther Crease Thomas, b. Jan. 1, 1856; d. Jan. 1, 1856. 

657. Susie Torry Thomas, b. July 10, 1857 ; d. May 25, 1863. 

658. Addie Louise Thomas, b. July 19, 1865; d. March 12, 1868. 

659. Georgianna Thomas, b. Sept. 15, 1872. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 151 

354. Charles Dwight Thomas 6 (son of Dwight, 6 
William, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. at 
Williamstown, Mass., Nov. 16, 1831. 

His mother was Mabel N. Townsend, dan. of Martin 
Townsend, of Hancock, Mass., and Mabel Norten, of 
Worthington, Mass., who had removed to Dunham, Can., 
where, in 1802, this dau. was born. She d. Nov. 20, 
1831, four days after the birth of the subject of this 
sketch, whose prospects, it was then thought, favored a 
short voyage to a near shore. However, in spite of 
physic and indulgent young aunts, he grew up a happy 
but rather obstinate youth. 

Like all farmers' boys at that time, he found plenty of 
hard work at hand ; but the kind father was lenient, 
and, among other things, the boy's gun and fishing- 
rod came into frequent use, making his world a very 
attractive one. At IT he entered the Mills School at 
South Williamstown, Mass., where, and afterward at 
Wright's, in Easthampton, Mass., he received an educa- 
tion preparatory for college. However, his course was 
diverted into other channels. After some time spent in 
his father's interests, failing health and an offer of em- 
ployment caused him to go into the Missouri Valley and 
the Indian country West, where he was engaged both in 
land and railroad surveying until the beginning of 1858, 
when, on account of the financial crisis, all engineering- 
work ceased in the West. 

He soon after returned to the East, having regained his 
health and increased his weight from less than 100 to 
200 pounds. He then took charge of the mill at Wil- 
liamstown, furnishing it and selling the products until 
1861, when, having received an injury which called for 
the aid of a specialist, he went to Boston. While under 
treatment he was offered a situation in the Boston Custom 



152 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWICK. 

House, which he accepted, and in which service he has 
remained continuously for nearly thirty years. 

Charles D. Thomas is a man of marked ability, a 
vigorous writer, and, with his ready pen, had he given 
his attention to literature, would undoubtedly have made 
for himself an enviable reputation. He is an ardent 
lover of nature, takes great pleasure in floriculture and 
horticulture, and the tasteful grounds of his home at 
Heading, Mass., — visited by the writer in August, 1890, — 
present many rare and beautiful specimens of shrubbery, 
fruit, and ornamental shade-trees. He is a Republican 
and took part in the organization of that party ; is 
nominally a Congregationalist. 

He m. May 31, 1865, Emma Josephine Temple, dau. 
of Roswell N. Temple, of Reading, Mass., and Zibiah 
Fisher, of Francestown, N. H. ; Mrs. Thomas was b. in 
the latter town Oct. 23, 1842. 

The children by this marriage are : — 

660. Mark Irving Thomas, b. at Reading, Mass., Jan. 17, 1868. 

After leaving the schools of his native town, was for some time employed in 
the engineers' department of the B. & M. R. R. ; afterward graduated from the 
Bryant & Stratton Commercial College, at Boston. 

661. Arthur Fisher Thomas, b. at Reading, Mass., Dec. 19, 1S69. 
Graduated from the High School ; was two years in Phillips Academy, at 

Andover, Mass. ; afterward graduated from Bryant & Stratton Commercial 
College, Boston ; now book-keeper for Carter, Rice & Co., Boston, Mass. 

662. Mabel Thomas, b. at Reading, Mass., Oct. 10, 1871. 

Graduated from the High School in 1888, and is now (1890) living at home. 

663. Percy Thomas, b. at Reading, Mass., Oct. 12, 1873; d. June 13, 1871. 

664. Adrienne Josephine Thomas, b. at Reading, Mass., April 9, 1878. 
Is still in the public schools of her native town. 



360. Charles Warren Thomas 1 '' (son of Sylvanus,"' 
William, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ). The subject of 
this sketch was b. in Boston July 26, 1841. His early life 
was mostly spent in that city, where he attended school. 
At the age of 15 he entered the employ of his uncle, 



SIXTH GENEKATION. 153 

Edgar M. Brown, of South Adams, Mass., who was at 
that time running- a store, in connection with the cotton 
manufactory of Caleb Brown & Sons. On account of 
the failure of that concern, in 1857, Charles returned to 
Boston and took a position in the dry-goods jobbing- 
house of Jewetts, Tebbetts & Co., on Franklin St. Here 
he remained till July, 1862, when, on the 25th of that 
month, he enlisted as a private for three years, and was 
assigned to the 2d Mass. Infantry, a regiment which had 
already gained an enviable reputation in the short year 
it had been in the field. 

Private Thomas joined his regiment in September, 
1862, after the battle of Antietam, and afterward 
participated in the engagements at Fredericksburg and 
Chancellorville. In May, 1863, after the last battle, he 
was promoted on the field to a lieutenancy for services 
rendered in that fight. At the battle of Gettysburg the 
2d Mass. rendered valuable service in holding the 
extreme right of the Union line, and, with the 3d Wis- 
consin and the 22d Indiana, met and repelled the terrible 
assaults of the Rebel Gen. D. H. Hill's division ; Captain 
Robeson, of Co. E, was killed early in the action and 
Lieutenant Thomas commanded the company through 
the battle. After this engagement his regiment was 
ordered, with others, to New York, to enforce order in 
that city, a part of whose citizens were arraying them- 
selves against the execution of the draft then going on ; 
here they remained two weeks, patrolling the city and 
restoring order, after which they returned to the Army 
of the Potomac and joined their corps, the 12th, then 
under General Slocum ; soon after, this corps, to which 
Mr. Thomas belonged, was transferred to the Army of 
the West, under Gen. W. T. Sherman, where they ren- 
dered valuable services up to the close of the war. In 



154 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

1865 Mr. Thomas went West and settled at Jefferson 
City, Mo., where he entered into mercantile business and 
is now one of the leading merchants. 

He m. Ophelia Bolton, dau. of Dr. William Bolton, of 
Jefferson City, Mo., who was b. at Milton, N. C, and 
Sarah Lansdown, of Danville, Ya. He is a Unitarian 
and Republican. 

They have had four children, all born at Jefferson 
City :— 

605. Charles Kent Thomas, b. July 27, 1867; d. Nov. 8, 1868. 

666. William Edgar Thomas, b. Jan. 26, 1869. 

Graduated from the public schools of his native city, and is now (Oct., 1890) 
in the Citizens' National Bank of Kansas City, Mo. 

667. Cecil Thomas, b. May 18, 1871. 

He also graduated from the public schools of Jefferson City and afterward 
entered a real-estate office at St. Louis, Mo. (713 Chestnut St.), where (Oct., 
1890) he now is. 

668. Theodore Bolton Thomas, b. Nov. 2, 1878. 

Is with his parents and is an undergraduate of the schools. c. D. T. 



382. Henry Milton Cutler 6 (son of George Cutler, 5 
Ruth [Thomas] Cutler, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ), 
b. Oct. 1, 1819; m. July 17, 1875, Sarah Louise Slay- 
ton, of Brookfield, Mass.; she d. Aug-. 28, 1877; m. 2d 
Amelia M. Lewis, of Springfield, Mass. He is editor of 
the Electro- Mechanic, a journal printed at Kansas City, 
Mo., where he resides. 

He has had four children : — 

669. Lewis Howe Cutler, b. April 19, 1882; d. July 16, 18S6. 

670. May Louise Cutler, b. March 25, 1881; d. July 21, 1886. 

671. Henry Milton Cutler, b. Nov. 16, 1885; d. Dec. 10, 1S86. 

672. Archie Bryce Cutler, b. Sept. 7, 1887. 



381. Abbie Elizabeth Cutler (dau. of Orsamus 
Cutler, 5 Ruth [Thomas] Cutler, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ), b. Dec. 29, 1851; m. Nov. 20, 1875, George 
Warren Tyler, son of George Tyler and Caroline Pepper, 
b. Oct. 10, 1853. Residence, West Brookfield. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 155 

Children :— 

673. Flora Isabella Tyler, b. Dec. 13, 1876; d. Dec. 21, 1S79. 

674. Cora M. Tyler, b. 1879. 

675. Anna B. Tyler, b. 1881. 

676. Arthur W. Tyler, b. 1883. 

677. Herbert F. Tyler, b. 1886. 



389. Charlotte Jane BALCOM r> (dau. of Eliza Doty 
[Thomas] Balcom, 5 Sylvanus, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ), b. Sept. 17, 1826; m. July 27, 1848, David 
Emory Holman, son of Rev. Nathan and Lctitia Morey 
Holman, of Attleboro, Mass., who was b. Oct. 12, 1805; 
d. Dec. 10, 1883. 

With the brief space at our command, we can best 
illustrate the characteristics of Mr. Holman by quoting 
a few extracts from the Chronicle, a paper published in 
his native town : — 

" Another honest soul, filled with love for all things human and reverence for 
the divine, has returned to the Author of its being. . . He was educated at 
Wrentham Academy and entered upon a successful career as teacher. . . 
While still young he established a store in Providence, R. I., and was interested 
in the manufacture of straw goods. . . He represented his district in General 
Court in 1835 and '36. . . June 15, 1861, he was commissioned Major of the 
7th Regt. Mass. Vol., but was soon compelled to resign, from a sun-stroke. . . 
The climate of England proving beneficial to his health, he removed his business 
there and continued it till 1873. . . In person Major Holman was of com- 
manding presence, being tall and vigorous in frame, with marked military bear- 
ing. . . He was a most courteous gentleman of the old school of etiquette, 
his manners being informal, yet genial and hearty." 

His death was caused by heart disease and took place 
in the house where he was born and spent the most of 
his life. 

Mrs. Holman is a woman of pleasing manners and 
marked ability. Since her return from England and 
France, in 1868, she has devoted much time and atten- 
tion to the cultivation of a talent apparent in childhood, 
and has acquired a reputation for painting, especially 



156 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

flowers. The following- is from the Providence Journal 
of April 7, 1889, in notice of a piece she painted while 
in Paris a year ago : — 

" Among the pictures accepted at the Exposition des Femmes Peintres, in 
Paris, opened at the Palais de Hndustrie, by President Carnot, Feb. 15, was a 
painting by Mrs. C. J. Holman, of New York, who is well known in tins city, 
where she formerly lived. The picture was a study of red and tea roses care- 
lessly thrown on a richly -carved table ; the background of gray plush. It was 
much remarked and received highly complimentary notices from the Parisian 
press." 

The view of the home of Dr. William Thomas found in 
this volume was reproduced from a painting by Mrs. 
Holman. Residence, New York City. Congrega- 
tionalist. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Holman are : — 

678. Nathan Emory Holman, b. May 29, 1819; d. April 12, 1851. 

679. David Emory Holman, M.D., was b. April 17, 1852. 

Inheriting with his father's name his stately form and courteous bearing, 
this gentleman is making a brilliant career and wresting from fortune every- 
thing called success in life. Gifted by nature in feature and physique, he has 
added to his acquisitions by every opportunity of education, travel, and social 
life, until he stands a prominent figure among a large circle of musical and liter- 
ary people in New York City, where he has been established as a physician for 
several years. He graduated from the Attleboro, Mass., High School, Mowery 
& Goff's Preparatory School, in Providence, and Brown University, in Provi- 
dence, from which he has received the degrees A.B. and A.M. He taught school 
two years in Wisconsin and California. He then returned to New York and 
studied medicine at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, receiving his M.D. 
from Long Island College Hospital. He was Deputy Health Officer in Lower 
Bay in 1880, and on the Board of Health of New York City in 1884. Dec. 29, 
1885, he m. Sarah Palmer Pound, dau. of Dr. B. M. Round, of Norton, Mass., 
a gifted and noble woman, who d. in Oct. of the following year. No issue. 

680. Mary Amelia Holman, b. May 6, 1855 ; d. Nov. 23, 1857. 

681. Samuel Francis Holman, b. Jan. 15, 1859. 

This, her youngest child, inherits from the mother his love and ability for 
art, and is already on a brilliant career as a painter. The following is quoted 
from the Indianapolis News: "Mr. Holman is a young man of great talents; 
added to that of painting, he plays the piano, sings, is an excellent swordsman, 
a fascinating conversationalist, quick at repartee, and a noted wit. He is dis- 
tinguished looking, generous, and willing to extend a helping hand to all who 
come to him. He studied three years at the Ecole des Beaux" Artes and was a 
pupil of the celebrated Cabanel. His chosen line in painting is the figure. He 
paints with breadth and vigor and is remarkable for his color. His piece 



SIXTH GENERATION. 157 

entitled 'Morocco,' a brilliantly-painted African exhibited in New York, was 
disposed of before the close of the exhibition." A later work, the " Rose of the 
Alhambra," has received flattering commendation from Messonier; unm. Resi- 
dence, Paris. 

390. Amelia Ann Balcom 6 (dau. of Eliza [Thomas] 
Balcom, 6 Sylvanus, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. March 17, 1828; m. Lucius C. Reed, of West Brook- 
field, where they resided a few years, then removed to 
Illinois. He d. in Blooming-ton, 111., June, 1888. 

There are five children : — 

682. Lila Reed, b. June 31, 1550; m. Chauncey Hamilton and has issue. 

683. Florence A. Reed, b. July 25, 1853 ; m. Edward L. Poole and has 

issue. 

684. Estella Thomas Reed, b. Nov. 13, 1860 ; m. Hubert A. Heath and 

has issue. 

685. Emily Lou. Reed, b. Oct. 1, 1862. 

686. George Burt Reed, b. Sept. 25, 1869; m. Dora Hodge Dec. 18, 1889. 

391. Orville Balcom 6 (son of Eliza [Thomas] 
Balcom, 5 Sylvanus, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. Feb. 16, 1810; m. Jan. 23, 1873, to Emma H. 
Groves. He went out in the Civil War for three years 
in the 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery. He is a jeweler 
by trade and resides in Attleboro, Mass.. 

They have four children: — 

687. Agnes Leonard Balcom, b. Jan. 21, 1876. 

688. Grace Ethel Balcom, b. Jan. 8, 1878. 

689. Fred. Orville Balcom, b. Oct. 21, 1879. 

690. Chester Thomas Balcom, b. June 8, 1884. 

393. Batlis Greenwood Balcom (son of Eliza 
[Thomas] Balcom, 5 Sylvanus, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. Aug. 31, 1817 ; m. Sept, 3, 1876, at 
San Francisco, Cal., Elizabeth, dau. of Edward Leed- 
ham and Elizabeth Saetler, b. Oct.. 9, 1851, at Brierly 
Hill, Staffordshire, England. When but 18 years old 
he went out for one hundred days with the 4 2d Regt. 
Mass. Vol. Infantry, Co. B. He has been in the West 



158 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWICK. 

for many years and now resides in Santa Anna, Cal. 
He is cashier of the Bank of Orange, in that State. 
Names of children : — 

691. Edward Emory Balcom, b. Nov. 29, 1877, at Williams, Cal. 

692. Maria Estelle Balcom, b. Jan. 6, 1880, at Williams. Cal. 

693. Homer Ray Balcom, b. April 9, 1882, at Santa Anna, Cal. 

694. Irene Elizabeth Balcom, b. Feb. 21, 1884, at Santa Anna, Cal. 



395. Rachel Jane Pierce 6 (dan. of Emily [Thomas] 
Pierce, 5 Sylvanus, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. April 23, 1843; m. May 1, 1867, to William Allen 
Sturdy, b. in Blackstone, Mass., Jan. 7, 1840, son of 
William Sturdy and Mercy Ann Keach. He enlisted 
July 27, 1861, in 18th Regt. Mass. Vol. Infantry, was 
wounded in second battle of Bull Run and confined in 
hospital until discharged, Aug. 16, 1863. He was a 
successful jewelry manufacturer and amassed quite a 
property ; he is now retired on account of health. Their 
residence is Chartley, Mass. 

They have had seven children : — 

695. William Mandly Sturdy, b. April 5, 1868 ; d. Sept., 186S. 

696. Emily Velona Sturdy, b. July 26, 1869. 

697. Alice Winifred Sturdy, b. Aug. 16, 1871. 

698. AVilliam Mandly Sturdy, b. Sept. 27, 1873. 

699. Arthur Thomas Sturdy, b. Nov. 28, 1875. 

700. Louis Allen Sturdy, b. April 4, 1877. 

701. Harry Pierce Sturdy, b. Dec. 31, 1879. 

397. Emma Frances Pierce" (dau. of Emily [Thomas] 
Pierce, 5 Sylvanus, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. Dec. 10, 1847; m. June 23, 1875, Watson Emmons 
Rice, M.D., son of Gardner and Sarah Rice, of Shrews- 
bury, Mass. (b. Dec. 15, 1847). He graduated from 
Ann Arbor University and is a successful physician in 
the vicinity of Worcester, Mass. He is a person ot 
varied and pleasing attainments ; his magnetic influence, 
soothing presence, and ready sympathy indicate his pre- 



SIXTH GENERATION. 159 

eminent fitness for the profession he has chosen, while 
his cultivated intellect, fine musical ability, and charm- 
ing social manners make him a leader in every place. 
His residence is North Grafton. 
Names of children : — 

702. Winthrop Merton Rice, b. Aug. 25, 1878. 

703. Philip Bernard Rice, b. July 22, 1880. 

704. Rowland Greenville Rice, b. March 17, 1882. 

398. Leutheria Robinson Pierce (dau. of Emily 
[Thomas] Pierce, 5 Sylvanus, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. Dec. 2, 1850; m. July 1, 1874, James 
Edwin Hills, son of James M. Hills and Nancy Stanley, 
of Orange, Mass. (b. Oct. 3, 1841). He was an enthusi- 
astic student and teacher and such a proficient mathe- 
matician that he would undoubtedly have engaged in 
scientific work had not his career been changed by the 
Civil War. After passing his examinations for entrance 
to Amherst College he enlisted Aug. 4, 1862, while under 
age, in Co. H, 36th Regt. Mass. Vol. Infantry, and served 
to the close of the war. Being of frail physique and 
delicate health, his life was probably saved by his removal 
to the Commissary Department, where he served most 
of this time. After his return he did not resume the 
studies which had been interrupted three years, but en- 
tered business. He is manager of a jewelry office at 237 
Broadway, New York. 

They have one child : — 

705. James Mandly Hills, b. April 28, 1875. 

399. Louise Thomas Pierce 6 (dau. of Emily [Thomas] 
Pierce, 5 Sylvanus, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. Feb. 18, 1852; m. Charles Abner Wetherell, son of 
Abner and Emily Wetherell, of Attleboro, Mass. (b. 
April 17, 1851). Mr. Wetherell possessed an inclina- 
tion and ability for scientific pursuits, being especially 



160 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

interested in chemistry. Circumstances, however, led 
him to adopt a business career. He is a student and 
great reader, having- a memory remarkable for the accu- 
racy with which it stores the abundant matter which he 
scans. His business is the manufacture of jewelry. Resi- 
dence, Attleboro, Mass. 

They have three children : — 

706. Robert Pierce Wetherell, b. Dec. 1, 1883. 

707. Alice Mildred Wetherell, b. Aug. 12, 1885. 

708. Hermon Thomas Wetherell, b. Aug. 24, 1887. 



400. Charles Mason Tully Thomas 6 (son of Chester, 
M.D., 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Thorn- 
dyke, Mass., Nov. 30, 1829 ; m. Sarah E. Ramsdell, dan. 
of Anson and Roxanna Ramsdell, of Hard wick, Mass., 
June 11, 1850. 

They have had three children : — 

709. Hattie Isabel Thomas, b. Sept. 27, 1852 ; d. Feb. 4, 1855. 

710. Charles Homer Thomas, b. May 4, 1857. 

711. Hattie Emma Thomas, b. March 10, 1863 ; m. Delbert N. Haskell and 

has issue. 

402. Helen Maria Thomas' (dau. of Chester, M.D., 5 
Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Thorndyke, 
Mass., Nov. 5, 1834 ; m. Charles Isaac Fuller, of Palmer, 
Mass., Nov. 6, 1856. He d. Oct. 26, 1860. She now 
resides in Minneapolis, Minn. 

They had. one child : — 

712. Charles Isaac Fuller, Jr., b. Aug. 16, 1860. 

He is engaged in the real-estate business in Minneapolis, Minn. ; unm. 



406. Martha Abigail Walt (dau. of Patience 
[Thomas] Wait, 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ), b. in 
Greenfield, Mass., Feb. 15, 1828. She m. in Deertield, 
Mass., Oct. 16, 1848, Charles Richmond, of Springfield. 
Mass. Present residence, Greenfield, Mass. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 161 

They have had two children : — 

713. Clara Louise Richmond, b. Oct. 1, 1850; m. T. Henry Morgan and 

has issue. 

714. Annie Dale Richmond, b. in Worcester, Mass., March 5, I860; unm. 

407. Henry Wait (son of Patience [Thomas] Wait, 5 
Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Greenfield, 
Mass., Dec. 13, 1829 ; m. Marion Elizabeth Wright, dan. 
of Darustus and Jane Wright, of Sterling, 111., Jan. 1, 
1859. He is employed in the freight depot of the Fitch- 
burg Railroad at Greenfield, Mass. He is a Democrat 
and an Episcopalian. 

They have had six children, all born in Deerfield, 
Mass. : — 

715. William Wait, b. ; d. 1860. 

716. David Reed Wait, b. Jan. 3, 1861. 

717. Annie Stebbins Wait, b. Jan. 22, 1865; m. Thomas N. Buddington, 

of Greenfield, Jan. 20, 1886, and has issue. 

718. Harry Wallace Wait, b. Jan. 31, 1867; m. Aug. 28, 1888, Jennie 

Barclay, of North Adams, Mass., dau. of Robert and Margaret Bar- 
clay, of Manchester, Eng. Residence, North Adams, Mass. Book- 
keeper. 

719. Bernard Farren Wait, b. Oct. 13, 1869. In employ of Fitchburg 

Railroad. 

720. Walter Sherman Wait, b. Dec. 23, 1874. 

408. Franklin Wait 6 (son of Patience [Thomas] 
Wait, 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Green- 
field, Mass., Dec. 17, 1833; m. his cousin, Sarah Jane 
Thomas, dau. of Beals and Sarah Thomas, of Hardwick, 
Mass., Feb. 18, 1862. She d. in Deerfield, Mass., Feb. 
5, 1878. He is a farmer in Deerfield, a Republican, and 
an Episcopalian. 

They had four children, all born in Deerfield : — 

721. Agnes Thomas AVait, b. April 24, 1863; m. Wyman Smith Clapp, oi 

Deerfield, Mass., Nov. 28, 1888; residence, Kearney, Neb.; book- 
keeper. 

722. Elizabeth Jones Wait, b. July 10, 1865. 
Has charge of Telephone Exchange in Greenfield. 

723. Edith Wyman Wait, b. June 18, 1872. 

724. Ida Patience Wait, b. Feb. 6, 1874. 

ll 



162 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

410. Mary Ann Wait 6 (dan. of Patience [Thomas] 
Wait, 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Deer- 
field, Mass., May 25, 1837; m. Sept. 3, 1856, F. Leon 
Stebbins, of Conway, Mass., agent of American Express 
Co. at Greenfield. She d. in Deerfield, Aug. 11, 1869. 

They had one child : — 

725. Lovell Wait Stebbins, b. Dec. 28, 1857 ; m. Bertha Elizabeth Kehlor 
and has issue. 



411. Louisa Abigail Thomas (dan. of Freeman, 5 
Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New Salem, 
Mass., Aug. 21, 1831 ; m. Frederick L. Baggs, at New 
Salem, Nov. 25, 1857, who was b. in Bernardston, 
Mass., Nov. 17, 1835. He enlisted in the 37th Regt. 
Mass. Volunteers and served through the war. Present 
address, South Deerfield, Mass. 

They had one child : — 

726. Jessie Viola Baggs, b. in New Salem Sept. 19, 1858 ; m. Henry D. 

Brayman and has issue. 

413. John Emory Lee Thomas (son of Freeman, 5 
Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Deerfield, 
Mass., June 16, 1844; m. 1st, Oct. 3, 1863, Nancy F 
Shepard, of Barre, Mass., dau. of Charles and Nancy 
Shepard; she d. May 5, 1876, aged 31, leaving one 
child. He m. 2d Ida May Kidder Dec. 23, 1880, dau. 
of John and Hannah Kidder; she d. July 5, 1833, aged 
22, and left one child. He m. 3d Mary Evelyn Blan- 
chard July 11, 1885, dau. of Edward and Amanda 
Blanchard, of Jlinsdale, N. H. ; she has one child. 

The three children of John Emory Lee Thomas are : — 

By first wife : 

727. Charles Henry Clay Thomas, b. May 8, 1864; d. Aug. 17, 1864. 

By second wife : 

728. Frank Tracy Thomas, b. Sept. 15, 1882. 

By third wife : 

729. Charles Edward Thomas, b. March 21, 1887. 



SIXTH GENEEATTON. 163 

414. Mary Thomas'"' (dau. of Henry, 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Dec. 25, 1837, in New Salem, 
Mass. In 1855 she moved, with her father, to Sterling, 
111. She m. John Wadelton June 24, 1855. 

They have six children, all born in Sterling, 111. : — 

730. Joseph Henry Wadelton, b. Sept. 13, 1852 ; m. Lilian Lynch Feb. 12, 

1885, and has issue. 

731. Mary Frances Wadelton, b. April 8, 1861. 

732. Sophia Louisa Wadelton, b. Feb. 27, 1863 ; d. May 8, 1863. 

733. Annie Wadelton, b. Oct. 5, 1864. 

734. Elizabeth Wadelton, b. May 3, 1869. 

735. Frank Wadelton, b. Feb. 27, 1872. 

415. Norman Thomas' 3 (son of Henry, 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Greenfield, Mass., April 15, 
1842; moved to Sterling, 111., with his father, in 1855, 
where he still resides. He is a carpenter and builder by 
occupation ; was one year in the gunboat service during 
the late war ; has been a member of the city council for 
eight years and at present time is a member of the 
school board of directors. He m. Sept. 7, 1865, Eliza- 
beth Lenox, of Sterling, 111., dau. of George and Sarah 
Lenox, who were both born in Ireland. Republican. 

They have nine children : — 

736. Burton Roger Thomas, b. June 26, 1868. 
Graduate of the Sterling Business College. 

737. Emma May Thomas, b. May 7, 1870; d. Aug. IS, 1870. 

738. Frank Leon Thomas, b. Aug. 4, 1871. 

739. William Henry Thomas, b. Aug. 28, 1873. 

740. George Harry Thomas (twin), b. April 9, 1876. 

741. Harry George Thomas (twin), b. April 9, 1876. 

742. Ralph Thomas, b. Feb. 18, 1878. 

743. Mary Frances Thomas, b. April 7, 1S83. 

744. Melvina Thomas, b. July 17, 1S86. 

416. Antoinette Thomas (dau. of Henry, 5 Isaac, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Greenfield, Mass., 
June 18, 1846. In 1855 she moved to Sterling, 111., 
with her father. She m. Justus Reynolds Jan. 17, 1870. 
She d. Nov. 26, 1876, leaving one child:— 

745. Reynolds ; now living in Oregon. 



164 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

417. Roger Henry Thomas' 5 (son of Henry, 5 Isaac, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Greenfield, Mass., 
July 28, 1849. He moved to Sterling-, 111., with his 
father, in 1855. He m. Sarah Jane Deyo Sept. 10, 
1872; she was b. in Ogle Co., 111., Jime 28, 1853. 
Present address, Pasadena, Cal. 

They have five children : — 

746. Carey Norton Thomas, b. Aug. 31, 1873. 

747. Henry Alexander Thomas, b. Aug. 9, 1875. 

748. James Robert Thomas, b. Nov. 18, 1876. 

749. Elizabeth Antoinette Thomas, b. Sept. 10, 1878. 

750. Nettie Mabel Thomas, b. April 23, 1880. 

418. Frank B. Thomas 6 (son of Henry, 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Sterling, 111., May 20, 1858. 
He m. Ida M. Bullock May 29, 1879. Present address, 
Tampico, 111. Farmer, deacon in Baptist Church, and 
Republican. 

They have three children : — 

751. Mabel Thomas, b. Aug. 3, 1881. 

752. Alfred Monroe Thomas, b. Dec. 18, 1882. 

753. Aschel Clarence Thomas, b. March 17, 1886. 



419. Isaac Thomas Rand, M.D. 6 (son of Sementha 
[Thomas] Rand, 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. 
in New Salem, Mass., June 13, 1839. He moved to 
Spring Hill, La., with his parents, about 1842. He 
studied medicine and graduated at Tnlane Medical Col- 
lege, New Orleans, in 1861. He m. Louisa Young- 
No v. 7, 1865, of Abbeville, La. He d. April 29, 1866, 
at Perry's Bridge, La. 

He left one child : — 

751. Isaac Thomas Rand, Jr., M.D., b. Oct., 1866. 

He studied medicine and graduated at Tulane Medical College, New Orleans, 
in 1885, and is now practicing near Rayville, La. 

422. Robert Henry Rand 6 (son of Sementha 
[Thomas] Rand, 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 165 

at Bayou Chicot, La., Dec. 28, 18 — . He m. Celestine 
Duga Jan. 10, 1882. 

They have two children : — 

755. William Cleveland Rand, b. June 8, 1884. 

756. Nathaniel Judson Rand, b. April 27, 1887. 

757. Mabel Irene Rand, b. June 8, 1889; d. June 27, 1890. 

425. Martha Salome Rand g (dau. of Sementha 

[Thomas] Rand, 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. at Opelousas, La., March 5, 1854. She m. 1st Rufus 
Stevens, of La Fayette, La., in 1881 ; he d. April 14, 
1884, leaving two children. She m. 2d Isham Vest 
April 20, 1887, by whom she has one child. She is a 
member of the Baptist Church. 

Her three children are as follow : — 

By first husband : 

758. Aubrey Stevens, b. 1882. 

759. May Stevens, b. 1884. 

By second husband : 

760. Isham Vest, b. 1888. 



427. William Wallace Thomas 6 (son of Stillman, 5 
Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Greenfield, 
Mass., Oct. 15, 1845. He moved West, with his father, 
about 1852. He m. Mary Lesley McGrew, of San Jose, 
Cal., Feb. 11, 1868. Present address, Fresno Flats, Cal. ; 
business, lumbering ; Republican. 

They have had eight children : — 

761. Cora Thomas (twin), b. and d. Jan. 31, 1869. 

762. Alma Thomas (twin), b. and d. Jan. 31, 1869. 

763. Mabel Elizabeth Thomas, b. May 15, 1871. 

764. Lela Thomas, b. Jan. 27, 1872 ; d. July 4, 1876. 

765. Mary Edith Thomas, b. Oct. 22, 1876; d. June 19, 1880. 

766. Clarabelle Thomas, b. Eeb. 26, 1883. 

767. Emma Wurman Thomas, b. July 4, 18S5. 

768. William Wallace Thomas, b. Aug. 29, 1887. 

428. Clarabell Thomas" (dau. of Stillman, 5 Isaac, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Greenfield, Mass., 



166 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

Aug. 21, 1847. She moved to California, with her 
father, about 1852, and m. 1st James M. Pratt May 1, 

1865, by whom she had two children; he d. , and 

she m. 2d Handscom. Her children are by first 

husband. Residence, Santa Barbara, Cal. 

769. Pratt. 

770. Pratt. 

771. Pratt. 

431. Ella Stone Thomas 6 (dau. of Stillman, 5 Isaac, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in California, July 14, 
1857. She m., Jan. 18, 1875, Joseph Hollis Josselyn, 
Jr., of San Francisco (son of Joseph Hollis Josselyn, M.D., 
of that city), b. April 27, 1849 ; Mr. Josselyn is a chemist 
by profession. Present address, San Francisco, Cal. 

They have five children : — 

772. Walter Thomas Josselyn, b. Oct. 11, 1875. 

773. Alma Elizabeth Josselyn, b. Jan. 31, 1877. 

774. Julia May Josselyn, b. May 5, 1879. 

775. Lulu Mabel Josselyn, b. Oct. 5, 1880. 

776. William Frederick Josselyn, b. Aug. 1, 1883. 

432. Frederick Stillman Thomas 6 (son of Stillman, 5 
Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in San Jose, 
Cal., Feb. 9, 1860. He m. Nancy Ellen Finley, in 
Tucson, Arizona Ter., April 30, 1882; she was b. in 
Santa Rosa, Cal., Dec. 8, 1863. He is a mechanic and 
in politics a Republican. Present address, San Jose, Cal. 

They have one child : — 

777. Pearl Jennievive Thomas, b. in Tombstone, Arizona Ter., Feb. 9, 

1883. 



435. Addison Thayer 6 (son of Eunice [Thomas] 
Thayer, 5 Nathaniel, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 
Prescott, Mass., Sept. 4, 1833. He m. Salinda Martha 
Vaughan Nov. 18, 1856. Farmer. Republican. Resi- 
dence, N. Prescott. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 167 

They had seven children, all born in Prescott : — 

778. Wilfred Thayer, b. July 26. 1858 ; d. Aug. 2, 1858. 

779. Milfoed D. Thayer, b. Dec. 1, 1859; d. Jan 18, 1884. 

780. Martha J. Thayer (twin), b. Jan. 9, 1863; m. C. P. Harrington and 

has issue. 

781. Milton D. Thayer (twin), b. Jan. 9, 1863 ; d. Oct. 23, 1873. 

782. Minnie E. Thayer, b. Feb. 16, 1868. 

783. Ellis A. Thayer, b. Dec. 9, 1869. 

784. Grace B. Thayer, b. Nov. 10, 1876. 

436. Angeline Freeman Thayer 6 (dan. of Eunice 
[Thomas] Thayer, 5 Nathaniel, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in Prescott, Mass., June 20, 1838. She m. 
Frederick Pierce Jan. 10, 1856. Address, Cooleyville, 
Mass. He is a farmer. 

They have two children : — 

785. Lula A. Leach Pierce, b. Aug. 2, 1856. 

786. Herbert E. Pierce, b. June 28, 1861. 

437. Cephas Martin Thayer 6 (son of Eunice 
[Thomas] Thayer, 5 Nathaniel, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in Prescott, Mass., Jan. 29, 1840. He m. 1st 
Mary Anita Putnam Dec. 3, 1864; she d. May 9, 1873, 
at Council Bluffs, Iowa, and he m. 2d Mary L. Howe, 
of Orange, Mass., Nov. 26, 1874. Present address, 
North Adams, Mass. Carpenter, Baptist, and Repub- 
lican. 

One child, by second wife: — 

787. Lewis E. Thayer, b. Jan 5, 1877. 



447. Ellen Estella Thomas 6 (dau. of Ardon Harri- 
son, 5 Nathaniel, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 
Hadley, Mass., June 19, 1851. She m. Loren Adelbert 
Ware, son of Schuyler and Harriet Ware, of Wilming- 
ton, Vt., Oct., 1873. They now reside in Providence, 
Rhode Island. 

They have one child : — 

788. Edith E. Ware, b. July 12, 1882. 



168 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWIOK. 

448. Charles Davenport Thomas 6 (son of Ardon 
Harrison, 5 Nathaniel, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. 
in Hadley, Mass., March 10, 1854. He m. Nellie 
Roome, of New York City, May, 1876. He is engaged 
in the baking business in the above city. 

They have two children : — 

789. William Ardon Thomas, b. in New York City March 25, 1877. 

790. Charles Davenport Thomas, b. in New York City May, 1879. 

449. William Eslar Thomas" (son of Ardon Harri- 
son, 5 Nathaniel, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 
Hadley, Mass., Jan. 3, 1857. He m. Hannah Barstow, 
dan. of Luther and Elizabeth Barstow, of Hadley, Mass., 
Aug. 12, 1880; she was b. Nov. 3, 1857. He was 
engaged in the halving business in New York City for 
six years, when he moved to Chelsea, Mass., where he 
still resides and continues the same business. He is a 
Congregationalist and Republican. 

They have had one child : — 

791. Florence Adelle Thomas, b. Oct. 6, 1881 ; d. Sept. 7, 1882. 



451. Cooley Hudson Thomas (son of Alvin H., 5 
Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Nelson, N. Y., 
June 23, 1829. He m. Almira Trail, of Hume, Alle- 
gany Co., N. Y., Sept. 7, 1854; she was b. Dec. 4, 1831. 
In his young days he learned the harness-making trade 
and followed that business about eleven years. In Dec, 
1861, he enlisted in Co. F, 144th New York Volunteers, 
for three years ; at the expiration of his term of service 
he re-enlisted in the field and was discharged at the close 
of the war, July 17, 1865. In June, 1866, he moved 
from Pike, Wyoming Co., N. Y., to Bennington, Shia- 
wassee Co., Mich., where he engaged in farming. He 
has held the office of Justice of the Peace for the past 



SIXTH GENEKATION. 169 

four years (March, 1889). Republican. Present address, 
Hartwellville, Mich. 

They have three children : — 

792. Frank E. Thomas, b. in Pike, Wyoming Co, N. Y., July 20, 1853 ; d. 

Oct. 9, 1860. 

793. Rosa L. Thomas, b. in Freedom, Cattaraugus Co, N. Y, Oct. 14, 1858. 
Has been a teacher for the past ten years. 

794. Nina M. Thomas, b. in Bennington, Mich, March 4, 1870. 

452. Collins Wheeler Thomas 6 (son of Alvin H., 5 
Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Pike, Wyoming 
Co., N. Y., March 26, 1838. He m. Ann Slusson Nov. 6, 
1861 ; she was b. Dec. 13, 1839. He was a mechanic, 
and was accidentally killed in a saw-mill by a blow on 
his head from a board. He d. May 25, 1883, aged 45. 
Republican. She d. July 13, 1889. 

He had four children : — 

795. Elmer C. Thomas, b. in Pike, N. Y, Oct. 8, 1863 ; m. Addie Skiff 

Sept. 22, 1887, and has issue. 

796. Charles Thomas, b. in Pike, N. Y, March 25, 1867; d. Aug. 23, 1870. 

797. Abb. M. Thomas, b. in Pike, N. Y, Sept. 3, 1871. 

798. Perley I. Thomas, b. Feb. 2, 1879. 

453. Corbin James Thomas 6 (son of Alvin H., 5 Amos, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Pike, Wyoming Co., 
N. Y., July 10, 1840. He m. Eliza A. Merville Jan. 20, 
1875. He enlisted in Co. D of 130th New York Volun- 
teers Aug. 6, 1862; after one year the regiment was 
transferred to the cavalry service and was afterward 
known as the 1st New York Dragoons, commanded by 
Col. Alfred Gibbs ; the regiment was sent into the Shen- 
andoah Valley and formed a portion of the division com- 
manded by General Sheridan. Corbin J. Thomas saw 
General Sheridan on the battle-field after his memorable 
ride of 20 miles, from Winchester. Mechanic and Pro- 
hibitionist. Present address, Pike, N. Y. 

He has one child : — 

799. Smith Thomas, b. June 18, 1878. 



170 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

454. Mary Thomas 6 (dau. of Edward W., 5 Amos, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Nelson, Madison Co., 
N.Y., March 28, 1828; m. to Titus Hayes, in Hayes- 
ville, Ohio, April 28, 1846. Baptist. 

They had twelve children : — 

800. Scott Hayes, b. at Sciota, Wis., April 1, 1847. Address, Chamber- 

lain, Dak. 

801. Irene Hayes, b. Aug. 14, 1848, in Wyota, Wis. ; m. Aug. 6, 1887, to 

Ira Northway. Address, Chamberlain, Dak. 

802. Edward Hayes, b. Aug. 28, 1850, at Platteville, Wis. ; m. Oct. 25, 

1877, to Nellie Eldridge, of Iowa. Address, Caldwell, Kansas. 

803. Jay Hayes, b. April 15, 1852, at Platteville, Wis.; d. Sept. 18, 1858. 

804. Lee Hayes, b. Oct. 13, 1854, at Platteville, Wis.; m. Aug. 8, 1884, to 

Jennie Russel, of Columbia, Mo. 

805. Ida Hayes, b. Dec. 2, 1856. 

At present teacher in the Female College at Lexington, Mo. 

806. Kate Hayes, b. March 11, 1859, at Minnehaha Falls, Minn. 
At present teacher in the Hawthorne Institute, Liberty, Mo. 

807. Frank Hayes, b. May 2, 1861, at Minnehaha Falls, Minn.; m. May 1, 

1S87, at Caldwell, Kan., to Jennie Mead. Address, Wichita, Kan. 

808. Gretta Hayes, b. June 13, 1863, at Minnehaha Falls, Minn. ; m. May 

2, 1887, to Judge Robert G. Withers, at Aspen, Col., where they 
now reside. 

809. Emma Hayes, b. July 19, 1866, at Greenleaf, Minn. ; m. June 21, 188S, 

at Salina, Kan., to Dr. Ewing Guthrie. Address, Camden, Mo. 

810. Henry Hayes, b. Feb. 20, 1869, at Springfield, Mo. ; d. April 24, 1879. 

811. Lester Everett Hayes, b. in Springfield, Mo. : d. Nov. 8, 1878. 

Of the above children Scott, Irene, Edward, Lee, Ida, Kate, and Gretta all 
graduated at the State University, at Columbia, Mo. 

455. Hudson Thomas (son of Edward W., 5 Amos, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Nelson, Madison Co., 
N. Y., June 5, 1829. He moved to Platteville, Wis., 
with his father, in 1851, where he m. Fanny Daggett, in 
1854. He served in 33d Wisconsin Volunteers during 
the late war. Republican and Congregationalist. 

They have had two children : — 

812. Thomas, b. in Platteville, Wis. 

813. Thomas, b. in Platteville, Wis. 

456. Huron Lewis Thomas 6 (son of Edward W., 5 
Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Nelson, 



SIXTH GENEKATION. 171 

Madison Co., N. Y., March 4, 1831. Ho moved to 
Platte ville, Wis., with his father, in 1851, and m. Eunice 
Goreham Oct. 18, 1854, and d. in Platteville, Wis., 
Feb. 4, 1887. He served in 25th Wisconsin Volunteers 
for three years during the late war. He was engaged in 
the following battles: Resaca, Ga., May 13 and 14, 
1864; Dallas, Ga., May 28, 29, 30, 1864; Kenesaw 
Mountain, June 22, 1864; Decatur, Ga., July 22, 1864, 
and was in several skirmishes in front of Atlanta and 
Savannah, and marched with Sherman through the Con- 
federacy to the sea. He was a Republican and Congre- 
gationalist. 

They had four children : — 

814. Walter Thomas, b. Aug. 28, 1856, at Platteville, Wis.; ra. Dec. 20, 

1886, to Kate Golden. Address, Des Moines, Iowa. 

815. Elmer Wilton Thomas, b. June 4, 1858, at Shakopee, Minn.; m. 

to Hattie Caldwell, of Platteville, Wis., 1884. 

816. Annie Adell Thomas, b. March 19, 1860, at Henderson, Minn. 
Graduated at the State Normal School, 1885 ; teacher in Platteville, Wis. 

817. Edward Leavis Thomas, b. Jan. 28, 1873, in Platteville, Wis. 

460. Hadley Thomas" (son of Edward W., 5 Amos, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Pike, N. Y., Dec. 12, 
1843 ; m. in Spring Lake, Mich., Oct. 6, 1869, to Sarah 
Bastine. Merchant, Republican, and Congregationalist. 
Residence, Doronsville, Wis. 

They have two children : — 

818. Clara Pearl Thomas, b. Sept. 28, 1871. 

819. Eula May Thomas, b. July 9, 1874. 



463. Climena Lovina Thomas 6 (dau. of Horace, 5 
Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New York 
State Feb. 28, 1834. She was m. to Lucian Gridley 
Clement, Superintendent of Mines in Alameda Co., Cal. 
(brother to Roswell Percival Clement), April 9, 1865. 



172 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

She has five children : — 

820. Mary Elizabeth Clement, b. Oct. 24, 1866; d. May 9, 1876. 

821. Jabisii Thomas Clement, b. June 29, 1868. 

822. Amy Belle Clement, b. Dec. 13, 1872; d. in infancy. 

823. Minnie Elizabeth Clement, b. April 15, 1874. 

824. Lucius Wesley Clement, b. Feb. 24, 1876 ; d. in infancy. 

466. Eugenie Estella Thomas (dau. of Horace, 5 
*Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New York 
State March 2, 1853. She was m. to Frank Barton, an 
engineer, in Bennington, Mich., Sept. 9, 1871. 

She has five children : — 

825. Mary Belle Barton, b. June 1, 1872. 

826. Amy I)ell Barton, b. March 10, 1874. 

827. Guy Barton, b. Feb. 8, 1876. 

828. Mina L. Barton, b. Sept. 15, 1878. 

829. Archer Earle Barton, b. Jan. 12, 1881. 



469. John Thomas (son of Lewis A., 5 Amos, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Aug. 7, 1840, in Pike, N. Y. 
He m. 1st Eunice F. Felch, dau. of Nelson Felch, March 
7, 1866, by whom he had four children (she d. Jan. 16, 
1879); m. 2d Anna P. Felch, sister of his first wife, Sept. 
3, 1879, by whom he had three children. John Thomas 
is a deacon in the First Baptist Church of Pike, N. Y., 
a farmer and Prohibitionist. 

His children are : — 
By first wife : 

830. Clarence H. Thomas, b. June 6, 1868. 

831. Grace Thomas, b. Oct: 6, 1870. 

832. Edward Thomas, b. July 13, 1873. 

833. Mary E. Thomas, b. Feb. 13, 1876. 

By second wife : 

834. Ruth F. Thomas, b. July 25, 1880. 

835. Adra Thomas, b. May 5, 1882. 

836. Albert Nelson Thomas, b. March 22, 1885. 

470. Mary Thomas (dau. of Lewis A., 5 Amos, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Sept. 28, 1851, in Pike, N. Y.; 



SIXTH GENEKATION. 173 

m. Frank A. Curtiss, son of A. I. Curtiss, of Pike. N. Y., 
Sept. 11, 1872. Address, Pike, N. Y. Baptist. 
They have one child : — 

837. Mary E, Curtiss, b. Feb. 20, 1883. 



471. Lewis W. Loomis g (son of Emeline [Thomas] 
Loomis, 5 Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 
Lenox, N. Y., Jan. 11, 1836 ; m. Jane Curtiss, of Canan- 
daigua, N. Y., June 3, 1863. He served for nearly two 
years in the late civil war, and has been for twenty years 
engaged in mercantile business at Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 
Republican. 

They have five children : — 

838. Lilian M. Loomis, b. March 21, 1865. 

839. Byron H. Loomis, b. Sept. 18, 1868. 

840. Irving L. Loomis, b. Aug. 21, 1871. 

841. Melvin C. Loomis, b. July 4, 1873 ; d. Nov. 4, 1880. 

842. Arthur N. Loomis, b. Sept. 1, 1876; d. Oct. SO, 1880. 

472. Sarah A. Loomis (clau. of Emeline [Thomas] 
Loomis, 5 Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. April 
12, 1838, in Lenox, N. Y. ; m. George Parks, of Cuya- 
hoga Falls, Ohio, Dec. 14, 1876. He is Justice of the 
Peace at that place. They are members of the Episcopal 
Church. 

They have one child : — 

843. Laura Louise Parks, b. July 27, 1880. 

473. Horace E. Loomis (son of Emeline [Thomas] 
Loomis, 5 Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. March 
21, 1840, at Lenox, N. Y.; m. Hulda Parks, of Cuya- 
hoga Falls, Ohio, in 1865. He d. Nov. 17, 1878, at 
Piqua, Ohio. He was owner of a paper-mill at that 
place and also engaged in mercantile business. Repub- 
lican. 

He had four children : — 

844. Julius Loomis, b. March, 1866, at Piqua, Ohio. 
At present a student in Cornell University. 



174 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

845. George P. Loomis, b. Oct., 1868; d. 1872. 

846. Mary E. Loomis, b. 1872; d. Sept. 28, 1881. 

847. Nellie Loomis, b. 1874; d. Sept. 22, 1881. 

474. Isaac Newton Loomis 6 (son of Emeline [Thomas] 
Loomis, 5 Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. June 
10, 1842, at Lenox, N. Y. ; m. Emma Frain, of Hart- 
wellville, Mich., Feb. 2, 1868; d. Oct. 20, 1883, at 
Woodland, Cal. lie served for four years in the war of 
the Rebellion and lor about ten years before his death 
was traveling- salesman for a paper firm of Cincinnati, 
Ohio. He was a member of the Baptist Church and a 
Republican. 

He had four children : — 

848. Merlin A. Loomis, b. Jan. 17, 1869, at Hamilton, Ohio; d. Oct. 1886, 

in Woodland, Cal. 

849. Hattie E. Loomis, b. April 16, 1871, at Hamilton, Ohio. 

850. Grace Isoline Loomis, b. March 6, 1874, at Piqua, Ohio. 

851. Florence Louisa Loomis, b. Nov. 3, 1876, at Piqua, Ohio. 

476. Drusilla A. Loomis 6 (dau. of Emeline [Thomas] 
Loomis, 5 Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Nov. 
28, 1847, at Pike, N. Y.; m. Gideon Whiting, of Hart- 
wellville, Mich., April 2, 1873. They reside at Benning- 
ton, Mich. She is a member of the M. E. Church. 

They have three children : — 

852. Myron Whiting, b. Jan 25, 1874; d. Sept. 7, 1874. 

853. Bertha E. Whiting, b. Sept. 8, 1879, at Bennington, Mich. 

854. Earl C. Whiting, b. Oct. 15, 1880, at Cedar Springs, Mich. 

477. Lovica E. Loomis 1 ' (dau. of Emeline [Thomas] 
Loomis," Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Sept. 2, 
1850, at Pike,N.Y.; m. George H. Crane, of Hartwellville, 
Mich., March 2, 1870. Residence, at the latter place. 
He is a farmer. Both are members of the Baptist Church. 

They have five children : — 

855. Hiram A. Crane, b. Feb. 17, 1871 ; d. March, 1877. 

856. Hannah A. Crane, b. Feb. 3, 1S73. 

857. Bertha E. Crane, b. Dec. 23, 1875. 

858. Anna Lois Crane, b. Aug. 18, 1878. 

859. Raymond C4. Crane, b. Sept. 10, 1880. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 175 

482. Millard Fillmore Metcalf (son of Sarah A. 
[Thomas] Metcalf, 5 Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. in Pike, N. Y., June 12, 1844 ; m. Maggie K. Mearns 
March 14, 1866. Residence, Pike, N. Y. 

They have three children : — 

860. Lillian B. Metcalf, b. Nov. 2, 1870. 

861. Leland M. Metcalf, b. April 2, 1872. 

862. Lula Metcalf, b. March 5, 1879. 

484. Theodore Frelinghuysen Metcalf (son of 
Sarah A. [Thomas] Metcalf, 5 Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in Pike, N. Y., July 8, 1848; m. 
Minerva Beede June 30, 1869. Residence, Wolcott, 
Wayne Co., Ohio. 

They have two children : — 

863. Mabel Estelle Metcalf, b. Sept. 5, 1871. 

864. Claude Theodore Metcalf, b. June 22, 1874. 

485. Delett Metcalf 6 (dau. of Sarah A. [Thomas] 
Metcalf, 5 Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Pike, 
N. Y., Jan. 14, 1851 ; m. Lucius Ford Oct., 1871. She 
d. at Berkley, Lucas Co., Ohio, April 24, 1889, where 
he, with the children, still resides. 

They have had twelve children : — 

865. Maria Lucinda Ford, b. Dec. 1, 1872. 

866. Son (no name), b. Jan. 10, 1875; d. March 3, 1875. 

867. Sarah Arvilla Ford, b. Feb. 23, 1876. 

868. Daughter (no name), b. July 19, 1878 ; d. Sept. 6, 1878. 

869. Lyman H. Ford, b. June 13, 1879. % 

870. Garfield Ford, b. Nov. 6, 1880; d. Jan. 25, 1881. 

871. Amos Jefferson Ford, b. Nov. 26, 1881. 

872. Son (no name), b. Jan. 6, 18S3; d. Jan. 15, 1883. 

873. Son (no name), b. Jan. 29, 1884; d. Sept, 28, 1884. 

874. Mary Delett Ford, b. Nov. 11, 1885. 

875. Son (no name), b. April 14, 1887 ; d. Aug. 14, 1887. 

876. Ella Ford, b. Oct. 9, 1888. 

486. Ella Metcalf (dau. of Sarah A. [Thomas] 
Metcalf, 5 Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Pike, 
N. Y., March 2, 1854; m. Henry Sharp, April, 1876. 
Residence, Sylvanus, Lucas Co., Ohio. 



176 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

They have four children : — 

877. Floyd Elwin Sharp, b. May 1, 1877. 
' 878. Roy D. Sharp, b. April 12, 1879. 

879. Mabel Estelle Sharp, b. Sept. 5, 1882. 

880. Clyde T. Sharp, b. March 19, 1886. 

487. Darwin Metcalf (son of Sarah A. [Thomas] 
Metcalf, 5 Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Pike, 
N. Y., July 26, 1857 ; m. Ella Nelson Oct. 24, 1879. 

They have three children : — 

881. Elizabeth Metcalf, b. June 29, 1882. 

882. Blanche Metcalf, b. Dec. 21, 1884. 

883. Leo Metcalf, b. March 6, 1887. 
8S4. Max Metcalf, b. Nov. 26, 1888. 



491. Chester H. Bangs 6 (son of Ora B. Bangs, 5 Abi- 
gail [Thomas] Bangs, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. 
July 3, 1840, in Brooklyn, Mich. He enlisted in the 
army (7th Regt. Mich. Vol.) at the beginning of the late 
war (Aug. 22, 1861) and served three years. He was 
severely wounded at the battle of Antietam, Sept. 17, 
1862; he was six months in bed and six on crutches 
before he fully recovered. He m. Rhoda L. Harvey, of 
Napoleon, Mich., Nov. 1, 1866; she was b. Nov. 22, 
1846. Present address, Jackson, Mich. Baptists and 
Republican. 

He has three children : — 

885. Bertha Bangs, b. Jan. 25, 1869, at Napoleon, Mich. 

886. Nellie Bangs, b. Nov. 22, 1870, at Jackson, Mich. 

887. Flora Bangs, b. March 9, 1871, at Jackson, Mich. 



492. Ellen C. Slack (dan. of Louisa [Bangs] Slack, 5 
Abigail [Thomas] Bangs, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. Oct. 30, 1831, in Mexico, N. Y. She m. 1st William 
D. Moulton (who was b. March 6, 1824) July 26, 1851, 
in Napoleon, Mich; he d. May 31, 1853. She m. 2d 



SIXTH GENEEATION. 177 

John Rowling Cheesman, M.D. (b. in Cazenovia, N. Y., 
March 10, 1820), Sept. 26, 1858. Dr. John R. Chees- 
man was first Probate Judge of Gratiot Co., Mich. His 
father, Joseph B. Cheesman, b. in New York City Feb. 4, 
1788, d. in Orange, N. J., July 29, 1869 ; his wife, Sarah 
Rowling, b. in England Sept. 24, 1799, d. in New York 
City Aug. 17, 1826. Residence, St. Louis, Mich. 
Baptist. 

She had two children : — 

By first husband : 

888. Dana Nelson Moulton, b. in Napoleon, Mich., March 2, 1853; d. 
March 5, 1854. 

By second husband : 

8S9. Minnie May Cheesman, b. in St. Louis, Mich., May 20, 1862. Baptist. 

493. Armenia Abigail Slack 6 (dau. of Louisa [Bangs] 
Slack, 5 Abigail [Thomas] Bangs, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. Feb. 16, 1883, in Mexico, N. Y. She m. 
Rev. George Ransom June 27, 1860, at Mexico, N. Y. ; 
he was b. in Clinton Co., N. Y. ; graduated at the Auburn 
Theological Seminary in 1 860 ; preached in Redford, 
N. Y., from 1860 to '64, and at Muir, Mich., since the 
latter date. Presbyterian and Republican. 

They have four children : — 

890. Carrie Louisa Ransom, b. in Redford, N. Y., July 9, 1861 ; unm. 

891. Ellen Sophia Ransom, b. in Redford, N. Y., May 21, 1864; unm. 

892. Charles Dwight Ransom, b. in Muir, Mich., Sept. 26, 1865; m. Carrie 

A. O'Keefe Dec. 23, 1886. 

893. Herrick. Johnson Ransom, b. in Muir, Mich., May 15, 1870. 

496. Marietta J. Slack 6 (dau. of Louisa [Bangs] 
Slack, 5 Abigail [Thomas] Bangs, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. June 24, 1843, in Brooklyn, Mich. She 
m. Samuel Gordon (dealer in coal, lime, and hides) 
April 17, 1865. Residence, St. Louis, Mich. Presby- 
terian. 



178 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

They had five children : — 

894. Frank Walter Gordon, b. April 9, 1866; d. Sept 25, 1873. 

895. Charles Henry Gordon, b. Dec. 6, 1868; d. Sept. 22, 1873. 

896. Perley Willett Gordon, b. Sept. 26, 1870; d. Sept. 23, 1873. 

897. William John Gordon, b. Jan. 26, 1872. 

898. Robert Hilton Gordon, b. Aug 7, 1883. 

497. Preston M. Case (son of Louisa [Bangs] Case 5 
[2d husband], Abigail [Thomas] Bangs, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. June 7, 1848; m. Eda Plummer 
April 4, 1877. He is a hardware merchant in Brainerd, 
Neb. Presbyterian. 

They have three children : — 

899. Frank Dwight Case, b. Oct. 24, 1878. 

900. Louie Case (daughter), b. Dec. 3, 1882. 

901. Dell Case (son), b. Oct. 7, 1884. 



498. Harriette Emily Bailey 6 (dau. of Mary [Bige- 
low] Bailey, 5 Eunice [Thomas] Bigelow, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ), b. Aug. 11, 1837, in Ewing, Mass. She m. 
Nathan Maynard Knowlton (son of Swan Knowlton and 
Sarah Eddy Beard, his wife) in Westboro, Mass., Nov. 
22, 1862; ne was b. in Auburn, Mass., Dec. 5, 1836. 
Mrs. Knowlton has devoted much time to searching 
court records and to the collection of family histories, 
thus rendering valuable aid in the preparation of this 
volume, in which she has been greatly interested. He is 
a farmer and Republican. Both are Congregationalists. 
Residence, Westboro, Mass. 

They have had three children : — 

902. Henry AVillard Knowlton, b. April 28, 1864, in Worcester, Mass.; 

d. Aug. 6, 1884. 

903. Mary Bigelow Knowlton, b. Dec. 26, 1865, in Westboro, Mass. 

904. Stephen Bailey Knowlton, b. Nov. 24, 1867. 



500. Caroline Ella Badger 6 (dau. of Caroline [Bige- 
low] Badger,' Eunice [Thomas] Bigelow, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 



SIXTH GENERATION. 179 

William 1 ) was b. Sept. 5, 1848, in Wendell, Mass.; m. 
James H. Parkhurst, of Templcton, Mass., Nov., 1877 ; 
Mr. Parkhurst is brother of Mrs. Edwin A. Thomas, of 
Milford, Mass. She d. at Templeton Aug. 11, 1880. 
Unitarian. 

They had two children : — 

905. Charles Henry Parkhurst, b. in Templeton Oct. 10, 1878. 

906. Caroline Ella Parkhurst, b. in Templeton July 27, 1880. 



503. Orren E. Thomas' 5 (son of Hiram, 5 David, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in South Rutland, Jef- 
ferson Co., N. Y.j April 25, 1832. He went to Canada 
West, with his parents, when 2 years old. In 1837 he 
moved, with his parents, to Cleveland, Ohio. In 1854 
he settled in Linn Co., Iowa, where he m. Irene Nickols 
Nov. 29, 1854, by whom he had two sons. In 1862 he 
enlisted for three years in the 37th Iowa Volunteers ; he 
served in the Mississippi campaign and was at the siege 
of Vicksburg; he was discharged for disability Sept., 
1864. He was divorced from his first wife April, 1866, 
and m. 2d Eleanor Scott Nov., 1866, at Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa; she d. June 8, 1882, leaving one child. He m. 
3d Mrs. A. M. Willing, at Fayette, Iowa, Dec. 26, 1887. 
Engaged at present as a temperance lecturer. Address, 
Fayette, Iowa. Methodist; Prohibitionist. 

He has had three children ; — 
By first wife : 

907. George W. Thomas, b. Feb. 22, 1857; unm. 

908. Frank E. Thomas, b. Oct. 9, 1860; unm. 

By second wife : 

909. Martha Thomas, b. June 28, 1870. 

504. Albert H. Thomas (son of Hiram, 5 David, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Canada West April 
17, 1835 ; m. Catharine Kayton, in Glenwood, Mills Co., 
Iowa, Sept. 18, 1864. Residence, Butler Co., Neb. 



180 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWICK. 

They have had eight children : — 

910. George H. Thomas, b. Sept. 3, 1865; drowned June 29, 1877. 

911. Nora M. Thomas, b. Oct. 3, 1866. 

912. Emma E. Thomas, b. July 11, 1868. 

913. Charles A. Thomas, b. Jan. 3, 1871. 

914. Harriet M. Thomas, b. March 5, 1873. 

915. Arthur F. Thomas, b. Aug. 4, 1875. 

916. Christie Thomas, b. Dec. 25, 1S77. 

917. Mabel Thomas, b. July 21, 1888. 

505. Harriet M. Thomas (dau. of Hiram, 5 David, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Canada West Oct. 23, 
1837; m. Sept., 1857, at Fairview, Jones Co., Iowa, to 
Samuel Gonser. She d. Dec. 8, 1872, leaving- four 
children : — 

91S. A son. 

919. A son. 

920. A daughter. 

921. A daughter. 



506. Almanson D. Thomas" (son of Alpheus, 5 David, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Pinckney, Lewis Co., 
N. Y., Jan. 18, 1829. He m. Helen Green, of same 
place; she was b. April 29, 1832. In 1854 they moved, 
with his father's family, to Marquette, Wis.; in 1886 he 
again moved to Bookings, Bookings Co., Dakota, where 
he now resides. Mechanic and Democrat. 

They have had five children : — 

922. Russell Thomas, b. Sept, 4, 1851 ; d. May 4, 1863. 

923. Frank Thomas, b. July 12, 1853 ; d. Nov. 20, 1854. 

924. Lester Thomas, b. Feb. 26, 1855 ; m. Olive Cooper and has issue. 

925. Mabel Thomas, b. Jan. 27, 1858; d. Oct. 16, 1860. 

926. Estelle Thomas, b. March 6, 1862; m. Ole J. Larsen and has issue. 



511. Beals Maltby 6 (son of Maria [Thomas] Maltby, 5 
David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Jefferson Co., 
N. Y., March 14, 1829 ; m. Laura Huson July 2, 1851 ; 
she d. Sept. 14, 1865, having had three children. He 
m. 2d Mrs. Pamelia A. Robinson Dec. 31, 1866; she 



SIXTH GENERATION. 181 

was b. Oct. 18, 1829, and has no children. He practiced 
dentistry for several years, but is now engaged in life- 
insurance business. Present address, Chicago, Illinois. 
Baptist and Republican. 

Had three children by first wife : — 

927. A son (twin), b. May 9, 1865; d. in infancy. 

928. A son (twin), b. May 9, 1865; d. in infancy. 

929. Helen Marion Maltby, b. in Denmark, Lewis Co., N. Y., Nov. 8, 

1858 ; m. John F. Tate and had issue. 

513. Albert F. Maltby 6 (son of Maria [Thomas] 
Maltby, 5 David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Feb. 11, 
1831; m. Feb. 23, 1858, to Mary Noble, who was b. 
Dec. 10, 1836, d. May 22, 1867, having had one child. 
He m. 2d Carrie Jones Jan. 2, 1868; she was a school- 
teacher, b. March 3, 1837. He is engaged in the furni- 
ture business at Plymouth, Ind. Republican. 

Had one child by first wife : — 

930. Fannie A. Maltby, b. May 5, 1862; d. June 30, 1863. 

515. Maryette Maltby 6 (dau. of Maria [Thomas] 
Maltby, 5 David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. May 9, 
1838; m. Jan. 1, 1861, to Charles V. Harmon, son of 
Eben Harmon; he was b. April 19, 1835. He lives on 
the old homestead, in Edwards, N. Y., and is a frugal, 
industrious farmer. Baptist. 

They have had four children : — 

931. Erwin C. Harmon, b. May 20, 1864. 

He is a student in Madison University and is preparing for the ministry ; 
Baptist. 

932. Bertie C. Harmon, b. Sept. 16, 187- ; d. in infancy. 

933. Alice G. Harmon, b. Oct. 23, 1873. 
93-4. Rolla C. Harmon, b. Nov. 15, 1876. 



517. Marinda W. Bosworth 6 (dau. of Marietta 
[Thomas] Bosworth, 5 David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in Lowville, Lewis Co., N. Y., Dec. 22, 1831. 
She m. Henry F. Clements Jan. 23, 1855; he was b. 
May 18, 1825, and d. Jan. 28, 1887. 



182 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

They had four children : — 

935. Frank J. Clements, b. Feb. 26, 1856; m. Dec. 14, 1879, Eunice Todd 

who was b. Jan. 1, 1856 ; no issue living. 
Has a store and grist-mill at Tylerville, N. Y. 

936. Feed. W Clements, b. Aug. 21, 1859 ; m. Mary Jacobs and lias issue. 

937. Nettie M. Clements, b. Dec. 4, 1866; m. Otis Waldo and bad issue. 

938. Nellie L. Clements, b. Nov. 19, 1870; m. Warren Day Nov. 21, 

1888. He was b. in Soutb Rutland, N. Y r ., Oct. 25, 1867 ; farmer 
no issue. 

518. George D. Bosworth (son of Marietta [Thomas] 
Boswovth, 5 David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Jan. 
5, 1837; m. Mary Ford Feb. 2, 1862. She was b. 
Nov. 2, 1812. 

They have two children : — 

939. Mattie Boswoeth, b. Jan. 26, 1864; m. Joel North Jan. 26, 1884. 

910. Haevey Boswoeth, b. June 2, 1867. 

519. Mary B. Bosworth (dau. of Marietta [Thomas] 
Bosworth, 5 David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. 
March 6, 1810; m. Sept. 6, 1860, to John Van Dnsen, 
who was b. May 14, 1838. 

They have three children : — 

941. Watson Van Ddsen, b. Jan. 30, 1863. 

912. Julian Van Dtsen, b. March 19, 1865; m. Josie Sineser. 

913. Maeinda M. Van Dusen, b. July 29, 1867; m. Hiram C. Cross. 

520. Nancy Jane Scovil (dan. of Marietta [Thomas] 
Scovil, 5 David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Pit- 
cairn, St. Lawrence Co., N. Y., April 18, 1813; she m. 
1st Benjamin Wicks ; he died, leaving one child. She 
m. 2d Henry Pearsons. She d. May 29, 1881, leaving 
one child by last husband. 

By first husband : 

911. Thomas S. Wicks, b. Sept, 8, 1866. 

By second husband : 

915. Waed Peaesons. 

521. Laura Ann Scovil 6 (dan. of Marietta [Thomas] 
Scovil, 5 David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in' Pit- 



SIXTH GENERATION. 183 

30, 1847; m. Denison W. Tenney 
Nov. 14, 1867. 

They have two children : — 

946. Samuel C. Tenney, b. Sept. 12, 1872. 

947. Fred. J. Tenney, b. Dec. 23, 1877. 

522. Frank B. Scovil 6 (son of Marietta [Thomas] 
Scovil, 5 David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Pit- 
cairn, N. Y., Dec. 20, 1850 ; m. Eunice C. Rogers 
Dec. 29, 1870. She was b. in Champion, N. Y., Oct. 
29, 1851. Present address, Sioux City, Iowa. 

They have had eleven children : — 

948. Frank Albert Scovil, b. March 21, 1872. 

949. James Dow Scovil, b. July 2, 1874. 

950. Eva Maude Scovil, b. Sept. 24, 1876 ; d. in infancy. 

951. Lena Blanche Scovil, b. Oct, 18, 1878 ; d. in infancy. 

952. Ola Page Scovil, d. in infancy. 

953. Edna Eawalt Scovil, b. Jan. 9, 1883. 

954. Marion Ida Scovil, b. Dec. 4, 1884. 

955. Lester Eugene Scovil (twin), b. Jan. 9, 1887; d. in infancy. 

956. Esther Mary Scovil (twin), b. Jan. 9, 1887; d. in infancy. 

957. Daniel Washington Scovil (twin), b. Feb. 22, 1888 ; d. in infancy. 

958. Nathaniel Curtis Scovil (twin), b. Feb. 22, 1888. 



523. Amos Clark Thomas 6 (son of Almeron, 5 David, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in St. Lawrence Co., N.Y., 
Feb. 1, 1836; m. Delia M. Snell Dec. 29, 1863. She 
was b. Oct. 30, 1844, and d. Dec. 9, 1866, leaving one 
child. He m. 2d Mary C. Crosby Sept. 9, 1868; she 
was b. April 16, 1844. Residence, Mexico, N. Y. 
Republican. 

He has two children : — 

By first wife : 

959. Fanny L. Thomas, b. Nov. 22, 1864. 

By second wife : 

960. Ralph Crosby Thomas, b. March 15, 1873. 

527. Mary Elizabeth Thomas (dau. of Almeron, 5 
David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. June 11, 1845; 



184 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARD WICK. 

m. William T. Parsons June 4, 1865. He was b. Dec. 
26, 1845. Residence, Mexico, N. Y. 
They have four children : — 

961. Clark T. Parsons, b. June 7, 1867; m. Eva R. Benson Aug. 7, 1887. 

She was b. Nov. 27, 1867. 

962. John N. Parsons, b. Aug. 17, 1868 ; m. Mattie F. Gardner June 6, 

1888. She was b. June 10, 1871. 

963. Frank A. Parsons, b. Dec. 26, 1870 ; m. Carrie M. Holden and has 

issue. 

964. Mattie L. Parsons, b. Aug. 24, 1875. 

528. Maria Maltby Thomas 6 (dau. of Almeron, 5 
David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in EdAvards, 
N.Y., July 21, 1847; she m. Dr. Herbert H. Dobson 
(dentist) Dec. 18, 1867. He was b. Nov. 25, 1840. 
Residence, Mexico, N. Y. 

They have one child : — 

965. Florence Lois Dobson, b. Sept. 1, 1869. 

529. Emma Louisa Thomas 6 (dau. of Almeron, 5 
David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Mexico, 
N. Y., May 23, 1856 ; m. Dr. E. M. Manwaren May 14, 
1879. He was b. Sept. 20, 1851. They reside in 
Oswego, N. Y. 

They have two children : — 

966. Lois Hattie Manwaren, b. in New Haven, Oswego Co., N. Y., Aug. 

4, 1885. 

967. Ralph James Manwaeen, b. in Mexico, N. Y., June 4, 1887. 



531. James Brown Thomas 6 (son of Ebenezer K., 5 
David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in South Rutland, 
Jefferson Co., N.Y., July 28, 1843; m. Elizabeth H. 
Vinz Dec. 27, 1866. She was b. June 5, 1850. He 
enlisted and served nearly four years during the late war, 
and was wounded and discharged for disability. Resi- 
dence, Sheldon, O'Brien Co., Iowa. Congregationalist, 
Republican, and farmer. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 185 

They have had nine children : — 

968. Lillie M. Thomas, b. March 22, 1868 ; m. Jesse W. Waters June 25, 

1888. He was b. Dec. 6, 1864. 

969. Lama E. Thomas, b. July 1, 1869. Congregationalist. 

970. Clara E. Thomas, b. March 26, 1872. Congregationalist. 

971. George K. Thomas, b. May 26, 1874 ; d. Feb. 14, 1879. 

972. Cora A. Thomas, b. Sept. 15, 1877. 

973. James Thomas, b. Aug. 24, 1880; d. Feb. 1, 1882. 

974. William A. Thomas, b. Oct. 26, 1882; d. Nov. 28, 1885. 

975. Myrtle E. Thomas, b. Sept. 10, 1886. 

976. Maud B. Thomas, b. Dec. 19, 1888. 

532. Elsie M. Thomas 6 (dan. of Ebenezer K., 5 David, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Wisconsin Dec. 12, 
1856; m. Henry Calhoun July 18, 1875. He was b. 
Jan. 25, 1812. He is a farmer and stock-raiser in 
Plymouth Co., Iowa. 

They have had five children : — 

977. Nettie Estella Calhoun, b. April 12, 1876. 

978. Andrew Homer Calhoun, b. July 15, 1877. 

979. Laura Elizabeth Calhoun, b. March 2, 1883. 

980. Esther Calhoun, b. Jan. 24, 1885; d. July 9, 1885. 

981. Bessie Jane Calhoun, b. June 24, 1887. 



537. Harriet Clements 6 (dau. of Nancy B. [Thomas] 
Clements, 5 David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 
South Rutland Aug. 31, 1816. She m. 1st John R. 
Snyder May 16, 1864, in Lowville, N. Y.; he d. Dec. 7, 
1867. She m. 2d Hiram C. Oatman May 1, 1873. Mr. 
Oatman is a hotel and livery-stable keeper at Lowville, 
N. Y. Methodist. 

She has two children, both born in Lowville : — 
By first husband : 

982. Jay C. Snyder, b. Jan. 18, 1867. 

By second husband : 

983. Fred. Fowler Oatman, b. May 6, 1S74. 

538. Ann S. Clements 6 (dau. of Nancy B. [Thomas] 
Clements, 5 David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 



186 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAKDWICK. 

South Rutland, N. Y., Sept. 28, 1851; m. Demestis L. 
Corn well July 17, 1872. Mr. Corn well served in the 
186th Regiment New York Volunteers during the late 
war ; he was in several hattles, and was present at the 
surrender of Lee at Appomattox April 9, 1865 ; he is at 
present commander of a post of the G. A. R. at Water- 
town, N. Y. * 
They have two children : — 

984. Fay D. Cornwell, b. April 4. 1873. 

985. Alma H. Cornwell, b. April 8, 1877. 



556. Eleanor Bacon Thomas (dau. of Avery, 5 Aza- 
riah, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Watertown, 
N. Y., Jan. 10, 1815 ; m. Judge James Linden, of 
Dayton, O., Nov. 19, 1874. He was b. in New York 
City Aug. 5, 1844; he studied law and entered into 
practice in Dayton, O. He moved to Dakota and was 
appointed Probate Judge of Ramsay County, where he 
had settled in practice. They moved to St. Paul, Minn., 
in 1883, and in 1890 to Chicago, where they now reside. 
Mrs. Linden, like her sisters, possesses a high degree of 
artistic ability, her landscapes and flowers, in oil, having 
received high commendation. Baptists. 

They have had four children : — 

986. Thomas Bacon Linden, b. May 30, 1876. 

987. Frank William Linden, b. Feb. 13, 1878. 

988. Florence M. Linden, b. July 30, 1880; d. April 30, 1882, from burns 

received from clothing taking fire. 

989. Eleanor Elizabeth Linden, b. Feb. 4, 1884, in St. Paul, Minn. 



560. Sarah Barnes 6 (dau. of Harriet [Thomas] 
Barnes, 5 Azariah, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. 
March 25, 1846. She m. Henry Hibbard, who was b. in 
Massachusetts Oct. 26, 1836. He was in the army 



SIXTH GENERATION. 187 

during the war and now receives a pension. Residence, 
Lohrville, Iowa. Photographer. 
They have had seven children : — 

990. Hattie May Hibbard, b. Oct. 6, 1870; d. Jan. 6, 1877. 

991. Gertrude F. Hibbard, b. Aug. 15, 1872. 

992. Albert Hibbard, b. Dec. 15, 1874; d. Jan. 4, 1877. 

993. Maude Hibbard, b. July 20, 1877 ; d. Dec. 26, 1879. 

994. Flora Belle Hibbard, b. May 2(3, 1880. 

995. Daisy May Hibbard, b. May 20, 1883. 

996. Mary Louisa Hibbard, b. Jan. 26, 1886. 



567. Albert Horace Ottoway 6 (son of Melinda 
[Thomas] Ottoway, 5 Azariah, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was h. Sept. 27, 1846, in Kane Co., Illinois; m. Sept. 
10, 1870, at Olathe, Johnson Co., Kansas, to Adelia 
Adelaide Hanes (b. April 26, 1851), dau. of James 
Hanes and Margaret McKinley, his wife. Farmer and 
Republican. Residence, Umque, Iowa. 

They have three children : — 

997. Alfred Albert Ottoway, b. Dec. 22, 1871, at Marion, Douglas Co., 

Kansas. 

998. Lester A. Ottoway, b. Dec. 18, 1873, at same place. 

999. Clara Lydia Ottoway, b. April 9, 1888. 

568. Charles Thomas Ottoway 6 (son of Melinda 
[Thomas] Ottoway, 5 Azariah, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in Kane Co., Illinois, Nov. 21, 1849 ; m. Nannie 
Bear June 15, 1874, at Kansas City, Mo. She was b. in 
Douglass Co., Mo., May 10, 1857, and d. at Olathe, 
Kansas, June 14, 1877. Residence, Olathe, Kansas. 
Merchant and Republican. 

He has one child : — 

1000. Ida Melinda Ottoway, b. at Olatbe, Kansas, March 30, 1875. 

569. Herbert James Ottoway 6 (son of Melinda 
[Thomas] Ottoway, 5 iYzariah, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. at Algonquin, McHenry Co., Illinois, Feb. 26, 



188 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

1852; m. March 2, 1881, Celeste Sutherland. Farmer. 
Residence, Kirkman, Iowa. 
They have had one child : — 

1001. Edna M. Ottoway, b. March 18, 1883; d. May 16, 1883. 

571. Ida Jane Ottoway 6 (dan. of Melinda [Thomas] 
Ottoway, 5 Azariah, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Aug. 
3, 1856, in Kane Co., Illinois; m. Norton I. Snow, at 
Maple Park, Illinois, Oct. 16, 1877. He was b. at 
Sodus, N. Y., Oct. 17, 1843. Dairyman and Republican. 
Residence, Maple Park, Illinois. 

They have one child : — 

1002. Margaret Frances Snow, b. at Maple Park, 111., April 21, 1883. 



572. Charles Monroe Thomas, M.D. 6 (son of Amos 
R., M.D., 5 Azariah, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 
Watertown, N. Y., May 3, 1849. He came to Philadel- 
phia, with his father, in 1854, where he has since resided. 
He received his education in the public schools, graduating 
at the High School and receiving his degree of A.B. in 
June, 1869, and A.M. in 1874. Having won the first 
honor of his class, he was made valedictorian at the 
public commencement. After taking a course at a com- 
mercial college, he commenced the study of medicine, 
with his father, in 1869, and graduated at the Hahne- 
mann Medical College in March, 1871. After a post- 
graduate course in the University of Pennsylvania, he 
went abroad in March, 1872, spending two years and a 
half in pursuing his professional studies in Heidelberg, 
Vienna, and Edinburgh, and in making a general tour 
of Europe and Great Britain. He returned to Philadel- 
phia in the summer of 1874 and engaged in practice. 
He received the position of Demonstrator of Surgery in 
his Alma Mater in 1875, and the Professorship of Oper- 



^ fK*& 




CHARLES M. THOMAS, M. D. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 189 

ative Surgery, Ophthalmology, and Otology in 1877, 
which position he still holds. He made a second trip to 
Europe in the summer of 1886, mainly for rest and the 
benefit of his health. 

Dr. C. M. Thomas devotes himself exclusively to 
surgery, with diseases of the eye and ear as specialties. 
His skill in his profession has given him a wide reputa- 
tion, with a very large and remunerative practice. He 
has made numerous contributions to medical literature ; 
his report of cases of Supra-Pubic Lithotomy attracted 
much attention both at home and abroad, having been 
copied into the English and German medical journals. 
April 18, 1876, he m. Marion Elmslie Turnbull, dau. of 
Laurence Turnbull, M.D., of Philadelphia.* His country- 
seat (Llangollen) is beautifully located at Devon, Chester 
Co., Pa., sixteen miles from Philadelphia. Here, with his 
family, he spends six months of the year, Republican. 

They have six children : — 

1003. Russell Elmslie Thomas, b. July 18, 1878. 
1001. Florence Paleske Thomas, b. May 23, 1880. 

1005. Christine Laurence Thomas, b. June 2, 1882. 

1006. Alice Louise Thomas, b. June 1, 1884. 

1007. Laurence Avert Thomas, b. Feb. 6, 1886. 

1008. Carl Bacon Thomas, b. July 16, 1890. 

573. Florence Lovina Thomas 6 (dau. of Amos P., 
M.D., 5 Azariah, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Syra- 
cuse, N. Y., Nov. 16, 1853. She was educated in the 
Chegary Institute of Philadelphia, and acquired a high 
grade of scholarship and great proficiency in music. Oct. 
3, 1877, she m. J. Nicholas Mitchell, M.D., of Phila- 
delphia, son of John C. Mitchell, Esq., of the Philadel- 
phia bar. Dr. Mitchell studied his profession with Dr. 
A. P. Thomas and graduated March, 1873, at the 

* Dr. Laurence Turnbull is of Scotch birth, and brother of the late Robert 
Turnbull, D.D., a Baptist clergyman of Hartford, Conn. 



190 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia, in which 
institution he now holds the position of Professor of 
Obstetrics. In a high degree Mrs. Mitchell possessed all 
the traits of character calculated to qualify her for the 
position of wife and mother and to endear her to all with 
whom she came in relation. She died, after a brief 
illness, from pneumonia, May 17, 1880, deeply lamented 
by her family and a wide circle of friends and acquaint- 
ances. Episcopalian. 
She left one child : — 

1009. Charles Thomas Mitchell, b. Aug, 4, 1878, who has since lived 
with his grand-parents (Thomas). 



576. Mary Jane Thomas (dan. of Martin, 5 Heman, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Nov. 1, 1844, in Pres- 
cott, Mass. She moved West, with her mother, in 1846. 
She m. Capt. Charles D wight Watson Oct. 14, 1869 ; he 
was b. in 1841 in Granville, Wis. He served three 
years in the late war, in the 24th Wisconsin Regiment ; 
was wounded at the battle of Chicamauga. Residence, 
Wauwatosa, Wis. Farmer, Baptist, Republican. 

They have three children : — 

1010. Robert Ingraham Watson, b. July 17, 1870. 
Student in University of AVisconsin, Madison. 

1011. Stanley Edward Watson, b. April 3, 1880. 

1012. Ralph Dwight Watson, b. March 24, 1883. 



577. James Henry Curtis" (son of Mary Ann [Lud- 
don] Curtis, 5 Mary [Thomas] Luddon,* Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. April 23, 1841, in Murray, N. Y.; he 
m. Amanda L. Cook May 5, 1865. She was b. Feb. 2, 
1847. Address, Kendall* N. Y. 

They have had ten children : — 

1013. Hattie E. Curtis, b. Oct. 22, 1866; d. Aug. 31, 1881. 

1014. Cora L. Curtis, b. Sept. 25, 1869 ; d. May 22, 1884. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 191 

1015. Feed. M. Curtis, b. Dec. 19, 1871. 

1016. Willie A. Curtis, b. Feb. 12, 1878; d. Aug. 25, 1881. 

1017. Mary E. Curtis, b. Dec. 7, 1876; d. May 10, 1878. 

1018. Frank Curtis, b. March 17, 1880; d. July 5, 1880. 

1019. James A. Curtis, b. Aug. 10, 1881. 

1020. Bertie P. Curtis, b. March 11, 1884. 

1021. Grace B. Curtis, b. Oct. 13, 1886. 

1022. Pearl P. Curtis, b. July 5, 1889. 

578. Mary Arvilla Curtis (dau. of Mary Ann 
[Lnddon] Curtis, 5 Mary [Thomas] Luddon, 4 Amos,* 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. March 11, 1813; was m. to 
Allen Spencer. 

They have one child : — 

1023. Minnie Spencer. 

579. Rhoba Emeline Curtis 6 (dau. of Mary Ann 
[Luddon] Curtis, 5 Mary [Thomas] Luddon, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Nov. 4, 1811; m. Wallace 
Buell; d. Dec. 31, 1873. 

They have three children : — 

1021. Ida M. Buell, b. Feb. 7, 1864; m. William H. G. Hill and bas issue. 

1025. Carrie Daisey Buell, b. June 9, 1867 ; m. Adelbert D. Stone, of 

Mt. Holly, N. J., Jan. 9, 1889. 

1026. Ada Buell, b. March 28, 1871 ; d. Feb. 6, 1877. 

580. Ellen Kate Curtis 6 (dau. of Mary Ann [Lud- 
don] Curtis, 5 Mary [Thomas] Luddon, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. Jan. 20, 1817; m. to Fayette J. Car- 
rington Oct. 1, 1871. Residence, Rochester, N. Y. 

They have had two children : — 

1027. A son, b. Oct. 9, 1876; d. Nov. 8, 1876. 

1028. Mart Fannie Carrington, b. Jan. 10, 1879. 

581. William Andrew Curtis 6 (son of Mary Ann 
[Luddon] Curtis, 5 Mary [Thomas] Luddon, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Aug. 11, 1857, in Carlton, 
N. Y.; m. Ida Slater, of Hulburton, Orleans Co., N. Y., 
Dec. 25. 1878. Farmer and Republican. Address, 
KendalLN. Y. 



192 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

They have five children, all born in Kendall : — 

1029. George Henry Curtis, b. May 1, 1879. 

1030. Ella Louisa Curtis, b. June 28, 1881. 

1031. Walter Earl Curtis, b. April 7, 1883. 

1032. Ruby Ella Irene Curtis, b. Aug. 17, 1885. 

1033. Fayette Carrington Curtis, b. June 26, 1887. 

585. Jessie Nora Curtis 6 (dan. of Mary Ann [Lud- 
don] Curtis, 5 Mary [Thomas] Luddon, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. July 22, 1860; m. Sylvester Case 
Nov. 25, 1881. 

They have one child: — 

1034. Maude Elizabeth Case, b. Nov. 3, 1882. 



586. Emma Stone 6 (dau. of Rhoda S. [Luddon] Stone, 5 
Mary [Thomas] Luddon, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. March 13, 1852, in Murray, N. Y. ; m. Sanford 
Richard Hinckley, of Naples, Out. Co., N. Y. Fruit- 
grower. Residence, Naples, N. Y. 

They have three children : — 

1035. Maud Ella Hinckley, b. Aug. 19, 1875. 

1036. Frederick Sanford Hinckley, b. June 24, 1877. 

1037. Gertrude Lydia Hinckley, March 6, 1881. 



592. Ellen Malissa Brown 6 (dau. of Rhoda [Phil- 
lips] Brown, 5 Rhoda [Thomas] Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in Henrietta, N. Y., March 21, 1840; 
m. Oct. 2, 1861, to Wirt Matthews, of Pittsford, N. Y., 
who was b. Feb. 27, 1838. Presbyterian and Republican. 

They have one child : — 

1038. Irving Ellsworth Matthews, b. in Pittsford, N. Y., Jan. 3, 1865 ; 
m. Harriet Hodges Dec. 28, 1887, and has issue. 

593. William Jay Brown 6 (son of Rhoda [Phillips] 
Brown, 5 Rhoda [Thomas] Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. May 6, 1813, in Henrietta, N. Y.; m. 



SIXTH GENEKATION. 193 

April, 1869, Ella Penn, at Hopewell, N. Y. Residence, 
Flint, Mich. Farmer. 

They have three children : — 

1039. George William Brown, b. in Henrietta Sept. 19, 1870. 

1040. Frank Alfred Brown, b. in Pittsford Nov. 8, 1876. 

1041. Harriet Brown, b. in Pittsford Jan. 28, 1879. 

594. Frances Adaline Brown (dan. of Rhoda [Phil- 
lips] Brown, 5 Rhoda [Thomas] Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in Henrietta, N. Y., June 1, 1846 ; m. 
Feb. 13, 1868, in Henrietta, to Guerdon E. Pendleton, 
who was b. Feb. 13, 1844. Merchant, Methodist, and 
Republican. Residence, New York City. 

They have three children : — 

1042. Nellie Mat Pendleton, b. at Oswego, N. Y., Sept. 19, 1873. 

1043. Arthur G. Pendleton, b. at Pittsford, N. Y., July 19, 1878. 

1044. Howard M. Pendleton, b. at Pittsford, N. Y., Sept. 25, 1883. 



596. Benjamin Harvey Stone 6 (son of Lura E. [Phil- 
lips] Stone, 5 Rhoda [Thomas] Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. Sept. 23, 1835; m. Jan. 15, 1865, to 
Sarah J. Darling, who was b. in New York State March 
18, 1847. Mechanic. Republican. Residence, Sioux 
Falls, Dakota. 

They have had six children : — 

1045. S. Franklin Stone, b. in Rushford, Wis., Nov. 15, 1865. 

1046. Charles Emory Stone, b. in Rushford, Wis., April 16, 1869. 

1047. Lewis D. Stone, b. in Rushford, Wis., May 12, 1871 ; d. Feb. 22, 1879. 

1048. Bertie Sereno Stone, b. in Murray, N. Y., Feb. 11, 1876. 

1049. Atlie William Stone, b. in Minnehaha July 22, 1878. 

1050. Florence Pearl Stone, b. in Minnehaha Jan. 5, 1886. 

1051. Norton A. Stone, b. in Sioux Falls June 27, 1888. 

600. Charles Sereno Stone 6 (son of Lura E. [Phil- 
lips] Stone, 5 Rhoda [Thomas] Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. in Murray, N. Y., Dec. 12, 1844; m. 
Anna Miranda Morse Nov. 18, 1867 (b. Dec. 5, 1847). 



194 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARD WICK. 

Republican. Residence, Kendall Corners, Orleans Co., 
New York. 

They have two children living : — 

1052. Ferna B. Stone, b. Sept, 5, 1876. 

1053. Franklin M. Stone, b. Feb., 1878. 

601. Elbert Earl Stone 6 (son of Lura E. [Phillips] 
Stone, 5 Rhoda [Thomas] Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. Sept. 12, 1846, in Murray, N. Y.; m. Adell 
Fries July, 1872. Farmer and Republican. Residence, 
Kendall Mills, Orleans Co., N. Y. 

They have had six children, two of whom are living : — 

1054. Mary J. Stone, b. Feb. 24, 1874. 

1055. Arthur Stone, b. Feb., 1880. 

602. Josephine Arabella Stone 6 (dau. of Lura E. 
[Phillips] Stone, 5 Rhoda [Thomas] Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. March 29, 1849; m. Willard 
H. Hawkins Feb. 18, 1866. Residence, North Parma, 
Monroe Co., N. Y. 

They have four children : — 

1056. Myra F. Hawkins, b. Sept. 17, 1866 ; m. Wygand Corman and has 

issue. 

1057. William H. Hawkins, b. June 15, 1870. 

1058. Charles S. Hawkins, b. Aug. 16, 1872. 

1059. Eva L. Hawkins, b. June 29, 1884. 

603. Atlie Dwight Stone 6 (son of Lura E. [Phillips] 
Stone, 5 Rhoda [Thomas] Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. April 6, 1852; m. Hannah Burdick 1879. 
Farmer, Republican. Residence, Sioux Falls, Dakota. 

They have one child : — 

1060. Lura E. Stone, b. Oct., 1881. 



606. James Bruckner Phillips 6 (son of Harvey T., 5 
Rhoda [Thomas] Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 



SIXTH GENERATION. 195 

b. Nov. 29, 1858 ; m. Carrie Richards, of Fort Scott, 
Kan., Dec. 29, 1885. 
They have one child : — 

1061. Helen Elizabeth Phillips, b. June 2, 1887. 



610. John Bradford Thomas 6 (son of Alpheus O., 5 
Ardon, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Barre, Mass., 
Sept. 11, 1850; m. Ruth Etta Wellington Sept. 28, 
1882. He is a member of the firm of Durgin & Thomas, 
grocers, in Waltham, Mass. Methodist and Republican. 

They have three children, all born in Waltham : — 

1062. Bertha Elizabeth Thomas, b. Aug. 7, 1884. 

1063. William Alpheus Thomas, b. Oct. 27, 1885. 

1064. Edith Frances Thomas, b. July 25, 1887. 

611. Jane Elizabeth Thomas 6 (dau. of Alpheus O., 5 
Ardon, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Nov. 8, 1853, 
in Barre, Mass.; m. Frederick K. Hurxthal, of West 
Virginia, Oct. 7, 1880. She is an artist of considerable 
merit, her paintings having taken the first premium at 
an exhibition of art in West Virginia. She was at one 
time teacher of penmanship in the Bryant & Stratton 
Business College of Boston. Her husband is a merchant 
in Ronceverte, West Virginia. 

They have had five children, all born in Ronceverte : — 

1065. John Finley Hurxthal, b. Feb. 13, 1882. 

1066. Ferdinand Thomas Hurxthal, b. May 25, 1884. 

1067. Natalie Marf Hurxthal, b. Nov. 17, 1886; d. Sept. 11, 1887. 

1068. Alpheus Orlando Hurxthal, b. Oct. 17, 1887. 

1069. Arline Marguerite Hurxthal, b. Dec. 6, 1889. 



615. Emma Frances Webb 6 (dau. of Rosannah S. 
[Thomas] Webb, 5 Ardon, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. in Barre, Mass., Jan. 30, 1850 ; m. Benjamin Nourse, 



196 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

of Oakham, Mass., May 2, 1868. She d. July 27, 1874, 
in Worcester, Mass. 
She left one child : — 

1070. Addie Mabel Nouesb, b. Feb. 2, 1869, at Oakham, Mass. 

616. Jonathan Webb (son of Rosannah S. [Thomas] 
Webb, 5 Ardon, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. June 2, 
1852, at New Brain tree, Mass.; m. Ida Frances Hodg- 
kins, of Worcester, Mass., May 26, 1877. 

They have three children : — 

1071. Ardie Daniel Webb, b. in Worcester March 8, 1878. 

1072. George Garfield Webb, b. in Worcester Sept. 24, 1881. 

1073. Charles Edward Webb, b. at Marlboro, N. H., May 21, 1887. 

617. George Daland Webb 6 (son of Rosannah S. 
[Thomas] Webb, 5 Ardon, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. in Barre, Mass., April 16, 1854; m. Abbie Holman 
Barnard, of New York, July 27, 1875, at Worcester, 
Mass. He is one of the largest granite dealers in New 
England ; he has quarries in Worcester, Mass., and 
Fitzwilliam and Marlboro, N. H. ; he employs from 600 
to 800 men, and his pay-roll amounts to $200,000 a 
year ; he has erected monuments of granite in many of 
the cities of the United States, and furnished granite for 
building purposes in nearly all of the cities from Maine 
to Texas and California. Residence, Worcester, Mass. 

They have five children, all born in Worcester : — 

1074. Charles Frederick Webb, b. May 30, 1876. 

1075. John Webb, b. July 27, 1878. 
107G. Juliet Jane Webb, b. Oct. 30, 1880. 
1077. Marie Gale Webb, b. Nov. 19, 1882. 
107S. Rossie Maude Webb, b. Sept. 27, 1884. 

618. Anna Estella Webb (dan. of Rosannah S. 
[Thomas] Webb, 5 Ardon, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. in Barre, Mass., July 29, 1859; m. Henry Willard 
Watkins (dentist), of Worcester, Mass., Dec. 23, 1876. 
Residence, Worcester, Mass. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 197 

They have had three children, all bom in Worcester : — 

1079. Henry Eugene Watkins, b. April 6, 1878. 

1080. Arthur Osgood Watkins, b. June 20, 1879. 

1081. Dora May Watkins, b. May 1, 1882; d. April 21, 1888. 



622. Mary Rebecca Gage 6 (dau. of Eliza Ann 
[Thomas] Gage, 5 Alpheus, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was 
b. in New Salem, Mass., April 17, 1851; m. Jason T. 
Owen, of Orien, Mich. 

They have one child : — 

1082. Lucien H. Owen. 



633. Mary L. Ruggles 6 (dau. of Daniel Ruggles, 5 
Lucinda [Thomas] Ruggles, 4 Daniel, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. Dec. 2, 1827, in Carmel, Me. ; m. J. G. Croxford 
Jan. 1, 1849. 

They have two children : — 

1083. Cora Estella Croxford; m. James M. Robinson March 1, 1870, 

and has issue. 

1084. Wilbur Preston Croxford; m. Lois Farrington Lamb Jan. 1, 1881, 

and has issue. 



619. Henrietta Frost 6 (dau. of Harriet [Hastings] 
Frost, 5 Theophilus Hastings, 4 Submit [Jordan] Hastings, 3 
Temperance [Thomas] Jordan, 2 William 1 ) was b. Dec. 
15, 1843; m. Alonzo L. Alden April 15, 1868. Alonzo 
L. Alden is a descendant of John Alden, one of the 
" Mayflower " pilgrims. 

They had one child : — 

1085. Lilian Maria Alden, b. Nov. 6, 1870. 



SEVENTH GENERATION* 

"One generation passes away, and another generation cometh." — Eccles. 

650. Charles Merrick Smith Thomas 7 (son of Charles 
William, 6 Merrick, 5 Seneca, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. in Oakville, Ont., Can., Aug. 31, 1855. 
He is a druggist at Amherstburg, Ont. He m. Margaret 
Heard, of Lambeth, Ont,, Aug. 17, 1881, and has four 
children : — 

1086. Charles Merrick Smith Thomas, Jr., b. Jan. 25, 1883. 

1087. Frank Corwin Heard Thomas, b. Aug. 7, 1884. 

1088. Charles William Thomas, b. Jan. 14, 1887. 

1089. Llewellyn Murray Thomas, b. Aug. 1, 1888. 



682. Lila Reed 7 (dan. of Amelia A. [Balcom] Reed, 6 
Eliza [Thomas] Balcom, 5 Sylvanus, 4 Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) Avas b. in West Brookfield, Mass., June 31, 
1850; m. Chauncey Hamilton March 31, 1874. Resi- 
dence, Bloomington, Illinois. 

They have two children : — 

1090. Ina Estelle Hamilton, b. July 7, 1878. 

1091. Everett R. Hamilton, b. Aug. 18, 1884. 

683. Florence A. Reed 7 (dau. of Amelia A. [Balcom] 
Reed, 6 Eliza [Thomas] Balcom, 5 Sylvanus, 4 Dr. William, 3 
Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in North Brookfield, Mass., 
Feb. 25, 1853; m. Edmund L. Poole Sept. 9, 1885. 
Resides in St. Paul, Minn. 

They have one child : — 

1092. Lucius Gordon Poole, b. Nov. 2G, 1889. 

* The children of this generation constitute the eighth generation from 
William Thomas of Hardwick. 
(198) 



SEVENTH GENERATION. 199 

684. Estella Thomas Reed 7 (dau. of Amelia A. 
[Balcom] Reed, 6 Eliza [Thomas] Balcom, 5 Sylvanus, 4 
Dr. William, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ), b. in North Brookfield, 
Mass., Nov. 13, 1860; m. Hubert A. Heath, editor of 
Kansas Farmer, Dec. 23, 1886. Resides at Topeka, 
Kansas. 

They have two children : — 

1093. Isabel R. Heath, b. Feb. 20, 1888. 

1094. Louise R. Heath, b. Nov. 2, 1890. 



711. Hattie Emma Thomas 7 (dau. of Charles M. Tully 
Thomas, 6 Chester, M.D., 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. March 10, 1863 ; m. Delbert N. Haskel, son of 
Winner and Miranda Haskel, of Winterport, Me., July 
16, 1883. 

They have one child : — 

1095. Edwin Newell Haskel, b. March 16, 1884. 



713. Clara Louise Richmond 7 (dau. of Martha A. 
[Wait] Richmond, 6 Patience [Thomas] Wait, 5 Isaac, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Oct. 1, 1850, in Green- 
field, Mass. She m. T. Henry Morgan, April 18, 1876, 
a commission merchant of St. Louis, Mo. She d. at 
St. Louis, Mo., April 5, 1878, having had one child : — 

1096. Harey Richmond Morgan, b. and d. March 31, 1878. 



717. Annie Stebbins Wait 7 (dau. of Henry Wait, 6 
Patience [Thomas] Wait, 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. in Greenfield, Mass., Jan. 22, 1865; m. 
Thomas M. Buddington, of Greenfield, Jan. 20, 1886. 

They have one child, a son : — 

1097. Ralph Wells Buddington, b. May 20, 1889. 



200 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

725. Lovell Wait Stebbins 7 (son of Mary Ann 
[Wait] Stebbins, 6 Patience [Thomas] Wait, 5 Isaac, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Greenfield, Mass., 
Dec. 28, 1859 ; m. Bertha Elizabeth Kehlor, of Kenosha, 
Wis., Jan. 28, 1886. Is of the firm of Cochran & 
Stebbins, provision and grain brokers, St. Louis, Mo. 
Episcopalian and Republican. 

They have two children, both born in St. Louis : — 

1098. Loulie Bichmond Stebbins, b. Nov. 21, 1886. 

1099. John Kehlor Stebbins, b. Nov. 10, 1890. 

This is the youngest descendant of William of Hardwick of whom I have 
record. A. e. t. 



726. Jessie Viola Baggs 7 (dan. of Louisa Abigail 
[Thomas] Baggs, 6 Freeman, 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. in New Salem, Mass., Sept. 19, 1858; m. 
Henry David Bray man June 21, 1881. He was b. in 
Vermont Nov. 30, 1853. Residence, Vernon, Vt. 

They have one child : — 

1100. Guy Edward Brayman, b. in Vernon, Vt., Sept. 24, 1884. 



730. Joseph Henry Wadelton 7 (son of Mary 
[Thomas] Wadelton, 6 •Henry, 5 Isaac, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. Sept. 13, 1852, in Sterling, Illinois ; m. 
Lilian Lynch Feb. 12, 1885. 

They have one child : — 

1101. Wadelton. 



780. Martha J. Thayer 7 (clau. of Addison Thayer, 6 
Eunice [Thomas] Thayer, 5 Nathaniel, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 
William 1 ) was b. Oct. 23, 1873, in Prescott, Mass.; m. 
Clinton P. Harrington April 15, 1885. 

They have one child : — 

1102. Robert A. Harkington, b. in Prescott, June 14, 1886. 



SEVENTH GENERATION. 201 

795. Elmer C. Thomas 7 (son of Collins Wheeler, 6 
Alvin H., 5 Amos, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 
Pike, N.Y., Oct. 8, 1863 ; m. Addie Skiff Sept. 22, 1887. 

They have one child : — 

1103. Mildred Thomas, b. in Pike, N. Y., July 10, 1888. 



924. Lester Thomas 7 (son of Almanson D., 6 Alpheus, 5 
David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. Feb. 26, 1855, 
in Marquette, Wis.; m. Alice Cooper 1878. Present 
address, Doland, Spink Co., Dakota. Farmer and 
Democrat. 

They have five children : — 

1104. Lilian May Thomas, b. April 13, 1879. 

1105. Vernon Clyde Thomas, b. Aug. 29, 1883. 

1106. Leon Thomas, b. Sept. 3, 1887. 

1107. Guy Thomas, b. May, 1888. 

1108. A son, b. Oct. 21, 1890. 

926. Estelle Thomas 7 (dau. of Almanson D., 6 Alphens, 5 
David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b! March 6, 1862, 
in Marquette, Wis.; m. Feb. 27, 1881, to Ole J. Larson, 
a Norwegian by descent. He was b. Oct. 13, 1857. 
Farmer and Republican. Both Methodists. Residence, 
Brookings, Dakota. 

They have four children : — 

1109. Lloyd Shirley Larson, b. Oct. 14, 1885. 

1110. Maude Mabel Larson, b. March 8, 1887. 

1111. Lynne Cecil Larson, b. Dec. 2, 1888. 

1112. Vinton Larson, b. Oct. 14, 1890. 



929. Helen Marion Maltby 7 (dau. of Beals Maltby, 6 
Maria [Thomas] Maltby, 5 David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 Wil- 
liam 1 ) was b. in Denmark, N. Y., Nov. 8, 1858; she m. 
John F. Tate Dec. 1, 1881. He was b. Oct. 11, 1849. 
He is a hardware merchant, and resides in W T interset, 
Iowa. Both members of Baptist Church. 



202 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

They have four children : — 

1113. Glenn Beals Tate, b. Oct. 29, 1882. 

1114. Laura Elizabeth Tate, b. Aug. 28, 1884. 

1115. Dean Clark Tate, b. June 30, 1886. 

1116. John Mortimer Tate, b. Jan. 6, 1889. 



936. Fred. Ward Clements 7 (son of Marinda W. 
[Bosworth] Clements, 6 Marietta [Thomas] Bosworth, 5 

David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in , N. Y., 

Aug. 24, 1859 ; he m. Mary Jacobs, of Watertown, 
N.Y., Dec. 17, 1882. She was b. Oct. 6, 1860. Farmer. 
Residence, East Rodman, N. Y. 

They have two children : — 

1117. Mabel Clements, b. March 9, 1883: d. July 22, 1887. 

1118. Guy Clements, b. March 23, 1888. 

937. Nettie M. Clements 7 (dau. of Marinda W. [Bos- 
worth] Clements, 6 Marietta [Thomas] Bosworth, 5 David, 4 
Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Pinckney, Lewis Co., 
N. Y., Dec. 4, 1866 ; m. Otis Waldo, of Champion, N. Y., 
Sept. 22, 1886. He was b. Aug. 1, 1863. 

They have one child : — 

1119. Ethel Waldo, b. in Copenhagen, N. Y., Sept. 19, 1887. 



963. Frank A. Parsons 7 (son of Mary E. [Thomas] 
Parsons, 6 Almeron, 5 David, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) 
was b. in Mexico, N. Y., Dec. .26, 1870; m. Carrie M. 
Holden July 25, 1886. She was b. Dec. 1, 1868. 

They have two children : — 

1120. Ella M. Parsons, b. Nov. 24, 1887. 

1121. Lulu M. Parsons, b. Oct. 22, 1888. 



1024. Ida M. Buell 7 (dau. of Rhoba E. [Curtis] 
Buell, 6 Mary Ann [Ludden] Curtis, 5 Mary [Thomas] 
Ludden, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in New York 



SEVENTH GENERATION. 203 

State, Feb. 7, 1864; m. William H. Goodwin Hill 
Jan. 18, 1888. 

They have one child: — 

1122. Harrison Albert Hill, b. March 17, 1889. 



1038. Irving Ellsworth Matthews 7 (son of Ellen M. 
[Brown] Matthews, 6 Rhoba [Phillips] Brown, 5 Rhoda 
[Thomas] Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 
Pittsford, N. Y., Jan. 3, 1865; m. Harriet Hodges 
Dec. 28, 1887. She was b. in Raisin, Mich., Nov. 14, 
1865. He is a graduate of the Troy Polytechnic College, 
and resides in Indianapolis, Indiana. 

They have one child : — 

1123. Stanley Wirt Matthews, b. Oct. 2, 1888. 



1056. Myra F. Hawkins 7 (dau. of Josephine A. 
[Stone] Hawkins, 6 Lura E. [Phillips] Stone, 5 Rhoda 
[Thomas] Phillips, 4 Amos, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in 
Monroe Co., N. Y., Sept. 17, 1866 ; m. Wygand Gorman 
in November, 1885. 

They have one child : — 

1124. Grace Gorman, b. Sept. 13, 1887. 



1083. Cora Estella Croxford 7 (dan. of Mary L. 
[Ruggles] Croxford, 6 Daniel Ruggles, 5 Lucinda [Thomas] 
Ruggles, 4 Daniel, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Carmel, 
Maine; m. James M. Robinson March 1, 1870. Resi- 
dence, Carmel, Maine. 

They have one child : — 

1125. Everette Franklin Robinson, b. June 4, 1874. 



204 



THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 



1084. Wilbur Preston Croxford 7 (son of Mary L. 
[Ruggles] Croxford, 6 Daniel Ruggles, 5 Lucinda [Thomas] 
Ruggles, 4 Daniel, 3 Amos, 2 William 1 ) was b. in Carmel, 
Maine; he m. Lois Farrington Lamb Jan. 1, 1881. 

They have one child : — 

1126. Wilbur L. Croxford, b. in Carmel, Maine, Jan. 17, 1884. 



Summary of Generations. 



The number of individuals in the several generations 
as recorded in this volume are as follow : — 



First Generation, 








1 


Second Generation, 








10 


Third Generation, 








45 


Fourth Generation, 








52 


Fifth Generation, 








202 


Sixth Generation, 








340 


Seventh Generation, 








436 


Eighth Generation, 


Total 






40 
1126 



APPENDIX A. 



Roll of Honor. 

The following list contains the names of those descend- 
ants of William Thomas of Hardwick — with their num- 
ber in this volume — who have served their country in 
the several wars : — 

War of the Revolution. 
16. Dr. William Thomas. 3 

18. Joseph Thomas. 3 

19. Daniel Thomas. 3 

War of 1812-14. 
61. Seneca Thomas. 4 
73. Col. Azariah Thomas. 4 

War of the Rebellion. 

134. Louis Avery Thomas. 5 

154. William R. Thomas. 5 

214. Dr. A. R. Thomas. 5 

227. Harvey T. Phillips. 5 

239. Rev. Chauncey Boardman Thomas. 5 

360. Charles Warren Thomas.' ; 

379. William Thomas Cutter." 

380. Charles Edwin Cutter. 11 

391. Orville Balcom. (! 

(205) 



206 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

393. Bayles G. Balcom. 6 

415. Norman Thomas. 

451. Cooley Hudson Thomas.' 1 

453. Corbin James Thomas. 

455. Hudson Thomas. 6 

456. Huron Lewis Thomas. 
471. Lewis W. Looms. 6 
474. Isaac N. Loomis. 
491. Chester H. Bangs. 
503. Orren E. Thomas. 6 

509. Geo. Geary Thomas. 6 

510. Denning Thomas. 6 
516. Horatio S. Maltby. 6 
531. James Brown Thomas. 
555. Isaac Bacon Thomas. 6 



notes. 

On page 33, fifth line from the bottom of the page, between " 17715" and 
" on," insert: a hospital was opened in West Brookfield, and, 

As this page is about to go to press, we learn that Ardor Harrison 
Tuomas 5 (171) d. of pneumonia at Hadley, Mass., March 18, 1891, and that his 
wife d. the week before; also, that Henry Wait (107) of Greenfield, Mass., 
was struck by a train on the Fitchburg Road, on Thursday, the 19th, and 
probably fatally injured. 



APPENDIX B. 



List of members of the Thomas family who came to or 
were born in New England previous to the year 1699, 
arranged alphabetically. The dates following many of 
the names indicate the year of their arrival or of which 
first information is had, and not date of birth. Mainly 
from Savage's Genealogical Dictionary of New England. 

Benjamin Thomas, of Springfield, son of Rowland, b. 
May 23, 1653; m. Ann Belding, of Hartford, 1688. 
Had Sarah, b. Sept. 2, 1690; Mary, Dec. 26, 1692; 
a son, Dec. 20, 1694; Ann, Nov. 2, 1696; Samuel,. Jan. 
7, 1699. Removed soon afterward and the name 
became extinct at Springfield. 

Daniel Thomas, of New Haven, eldest son of John, of 
the same place, was propounded for freeman 1670; m. 
Rebecca Thompson Feb. 3, 1670. Had Dorothy, b. 
1672(]); J ol ™> !674; Daniel, Feb. 14, 1677; Dinah, 
Dec. 26, 1678; Samuel B., Jan., 1681 (died young); 
Recompense, March 27, 1683; Israel, 1689. He d. 
Feb., 1694, and his widow married a Perkins. 

David Thomas, of Marblehead, 1648 to '68. 

Edward Thomas, Boston, 1685, agent of Joseph 
Thompson, of London, merchant. 

Evan Thomas, Boston, 1640, came from Wales, 
bringing his wife, Jane, and four children, among whom 

(207) 



208 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HAEDWICK. 

was believed to have been George, b. about 1640. 
Admitted to the church April 4, 1641, and freeman 
June 2d following. Had dau., Jane, baptized May 
16, 1641; Dorcas, baptized Feb. 5, 1643 (d. 28th of 
same month) ; and probably William (William of New- 
ton), b. in 1656. The wife joined the church March 7, 
1646, and d. Jan. 12, 1659. Had another wife, Alice, 
widow of Philip Kirkland or Catlin, of Lynn, whom he 
married 1659 or '60. Joined artillery company, 1653. 
He was a wine dealer and left a good estate ; d. Aug. 25, 
1661. His dau. Jane m. John Jackson Nov. 14, 1657. 
The widow seems to have been less acceptable in her con- 
trol at the Kings Arms, public hotel, for she was warned 
to leave town as late as 1672, and was not restored 
before 1676. But she had a stout heart; relieved the 
tavern in May, 1680, from mortgage of £300, and lived 
on till 1697 ; her will of June 26th, proved Oct. 21st 
of that year, names plenty of children and grandchildren ; 
of the latter class one, Abigail, was then wife of Rev. 
Joseph Belcher. 

Francis Thomas, of Boston ; m. Rebecca, dau. of Mat- 
thew Lyons. Had John, b. 1665. Was living, with 
wife, in 1674. 

George Thomas, of Salem, 1668. 

George Thomas, of Boston, supposed to have been son 
of Evan. By wife, Rebecca, had Peter, b. Feb. 5, 1683 
(grandfather of Isaiah, LL.D.) ; George, March 16, 1685 ; 
Mavarick, March 19, 1694. 

Hugh Thomas, of Roxbury, of whom I can find no 
more than that he was admitted freeman 1651 ; probably 
had no children, as he gave his estate to strangers in 



APPENDIX. 209 

blood, for the good of Roxbury schools. He d. May 6, 
1683, aged 76 years. 

James Thomas, of Salem, 1646-49. 

Jeremiah Thomas, of Marshfield, son of the first 
Nathaniel. Had Nathaniel, b. Jan. 2, 1686 ; Sarah, 
Dec. 25, 1687 ; Jeremiah, Feb. 14, 1689 ; Eliza, Nov. 
19, 1690; Mary, June 5, 1692; Lydia, March 26, 
1694; Thankful, June 30, 1695; Jedediah, Aug. 19, 
1698; Bethiah, March 27, 1701; Ebenezer, Nov. 1, 
1703; Priscilla, Oct. 13, 1705; Sophia, 1707. 

John Thomas, of Marshfield, came in the ship " Hope- 
well," September, 1635. He was then only 14 years old. 
He was reared in the family of Gov. Edward Winslow. 
He m. Sarah Pitney Dec. 21, 1648. He had John, b. 
1648; Elizabeth, Sept. 12, 1652; Samuel, Nov. 6, 1655; 
Daniel, Nov. 20, 1659; Sarah, Sept. 20, 1661; James, 
Nov. 30, 1663; Ephraim, Oct., 1667; Israel, in 1670. 

John Thomas, of New Haven. By wife, Tabitha, had 
Elizabeth, b. March 15, 1649 ; Samuel, Sept. 5, 1651 ; 
Tabitha, Dec. 18, 1653; Joseph, Nov. 10, 1661. He 
was freeman, 1669; a proprietor, 1685; and father also 
of Daniel, John, and Sarah, all named with the other 
four children in his will of 1670. He d. Dec. 15, 1671. 
Sarah m. William Wilmot Oct. 14, 1658, and Elizabeth 
m. John Holt Jan., 1674. 

John Thomas, New Haven, son of the preceding ; m. 
Lydia, dau. of Edward Parker, of the same place, 1671. 
Had Sarah, b. Dec. 13, 1672; Abigail, Nov. 21, 1674; 
John, March 4, 1676 ; Hannah, April 26, 1678 ; Isaiah, 
Jan. 15, 1680; Rebecca, Sept. 20, 1681 or '82; Jere- 
miah, Feb. 16, 1685; and perhaps others. 



210 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARD WICK. 

John Thomas, Stratford, 1665. 

John Thomas, Woodbury, 1690 ; possibly, but not 
probably, son of the preceding. Had John, baptized 
Aug. 30, 1695; Samuel, Sept. 10, 1699; Thomas, 
March 5, 1701. 

John Thomas, from Wales, settled in Boston, where 

he m. Elizabeth , March 30, 1667. Had, with 

perhaps others, John, who m. Elizabeth Viall, of Provi- 
dence, 1695. John Thomas, grandson of the latter, 
moved to Eden, Maine, about 1750; from him has 
descended a very large family, now scattered through the 
State of Maine. 

Joseph Thomas, of Springfield, son of Rowland. By 
wife, Mary, had Mary, b. 1674; a child, 1675; another, 
1676 (who all died young); Samuel, 1677. The pre- 
ceding were &11 born at Hatfield, whence he removed 
probably to Springfield, and lastly to Lebanon, but at 
Springfield may have been born most of the other chil- 
dren : Mary, Dec. 29, 1679; Joseph, June 14, 1682; 
Rowland, March 29, 1685; Sarah, Feb. 5, 1687; Eben- 
ezer, Nov. 24, 1688; Josiah, Oct. 7, 1690; Mercy, Dec. 
12, 1692. Swore allegiance Feb. 8, 1679, and was 
admitted freeman 1690. 

*> 
Nathaniel Thomas, of Marshfield, 1643, son of Wil- 
liam, b. in England, 1606; probably came with his 
father. 1640 ; may have brought wife and child, William, 
b. 1638, d. num.; Nathaniel, b. 1643; and daughters, 
certainly Mary, Elizabeth (b. 1646), and Dorothy; also 
Jeremiah. He d. Feb. 13, 1675. 

Nathaniel Thomas, of Marshfield, son of the preced- 
ing; m. Deborah, youngest dau. of Nicholas Jacobs, of 



APPENDIX. 211 

Hingham, Jan. 19, 1664. Had Nathaniel, Joseph, Debo- 
rah, Dorothy (b. Nov. 6, 1670), William (b. 1672'?), 
Elisha, Joshua, Caleb, Isaac, Mary; of whom Dorothy, 
b. Nov. 6, 1670, m. Joseph Otis Nov. 20, 1688. His 
wife d. June 17, 1696, and he took, Nov. 3d following, 
second wife, at Boston, Eliza, widow of Capt. William 
Condy (married by Cotton Mather). She d. Oct. 11, 
1713. Served in King Philip's War as a captain, on the 
first outbreak, and was of the Massachusetts Council ; d. 
Oct. 22, 1718, in his seventy-sixth year, by the grave- 
stone. His dau. Deborah m. John Croad Dec. 1, 1692. 

Peter Thomas, of Boston, son of George ; m. Eliza- 
beth, dau. of Rev. George Burroughs (who had on Aug. 
19, 1692, suffered by judicial murder under Stoughton, 
at which Cotton Mather assisted). Had George, Elias, 
Peter, William, Moses. This last was father of Isaiah, 
LL.D., and head of a numerous and distinguished 
progeny. 

Rice or Pise Thomas, of Kittery, Me., 1647; was c< 
Boston, 1654; then 38 years old. 

Rowland Thomas, of Springfield, 1646 ; m. Sarah, da 
of Samuel Chapin, April 14, 1647. Had Joseph, b. Jan 
6, 1648, d. next year ; Samuel, March 2, 1649, d. in few 
days; Mary, March 25, 1650, d. in few days; Joseph 
again, March 25, 1651 ; Benjamin, May 23, 1653 ; Josiah, 
April 4, 1655, d. soon; Josiah again, Oct. 28, 1657, d. 
in few days ; Samuel again, May 6, 1662, d. at 39 years, 
unmarried; another daughter, Sept. 14, 1666, who m. 
James Warriner 1692; the second Mary, Jan. 9, 1669, 
d. next year; and Mercy, May 15, 1671, who m. John 
Bagg, March 30, 1689 ; besides two others, of whom 
neither lived long enough to find a name ; so that of 
thirteen, only five children lived to adult age. He took 



212 THE THOMAS FAMILY OF HARDWICK. 

oath of allegiance Dec. 31, 1678; had been at Hadley 
1669 and at Westfield 1670. His wife d. Aug. 5, 
1684, and he d. at Springfield Feb. 21, 1698. 

Samuel Thomas, of Marshfield, son of John, b. Nov. 6, 
1655 ; m. Mercy, dau. of Deacon William Ford, May 27,* 
1680. They had Bethiah, b. Jan. 25, 1681 ; John, 
Nov. 8, 1683; Samuel, Dec. 7, 1685; Nathan, Nov. 21, 
1688; Joseph, in 1690; Gideon, 1692; and Josiah, 
1694(1). 

William Thomas, of Newbury, came in the " Mary 
Ann," of Yarmouth, 1637 ; embarked in May, aged 26 ; 
unmarried ; husbandman of Great Comberton, in County 
Worcester; m. March 8, 1666, Susanna, widow of 
Robert Rogers, who by this marriage had no children 
and d. March 29, 1677. He d. Sept. 30, 1690. 

William Thomas, of Marshfield, about 1610; made 
freeman of the colonies March 17, 1642. He was chosen 
assistant to Gov. Bradford in 1642, and so continued to 
his death; d. Aug., 1651, aged 78, nearly. 

William Thomas, of Marshfield, son of the first 
Nathaniel, b. in England in 1638, of whom we know 
only that he d. unmarried March 30, 1718, aged 80 
years. 

William Thomas, of Newton, probably son of Evan, 
of Boston, by wife, Elizabeth, had William, b. Aug. 31, 
1687 (William of Hardwick); and by second wife, Ann, 
widow of Thomas Lovering, of Watertown (m. Aug. 29, 
1695), had Joanna, b. Oct. 28th following (d. young). He 
d. Dec. 24, 1697. 

Seventeen of this name at Harvard, three at Yale, and 
seventeen at other New England colleges, are found by 
Farmer as graduates, in 1834. 



INDEX* 



PAGE 

Alden, Alonzo L., 197 

Lilian M., < . 197 

Allen, Sally, 49 

Allerton, Abbie Beals (Caton), . 88 
Elizabeth S.(Wonson), 88 
Helen (Hopkins), . . 88 
Mary 0. (Allen), . 
Orsamus Thomas 
Ruth (Don 
William, . 



88 



Badger, Caroline E. (Parkhurst) 
Baggs. Jesse V. (Brayman), . 



Bailey, 



Balcom, 



Ebor O'Shea, 

Henry Willard 

Harriette E.(Knowlton), 

Agnes Leonard, . . . . 
" Amelia Ann (Reed), . . 
" Baylis Greenwood, . . 

Charlotte J. (Holman), . 

Chester Thomas, . . . . 
" Edward Emorv, . . . . 

Fred. Orville," 

" Grace Ethel, 

" Irene Elizabeth, . . . . 
" Maria E. (Sheldon), . . 
" Maria Estelle, 

Orville 

" William, 

Bangs, Bertha, . 

" Albert M., 

" Chester H. 

" Emily, 

" Electa, 

" Flora, 

" Louisa (Slack) 

" Levant, 

" Nathan, 

" Nathan W 

" Nellie 

OraB 

Sophronia W., 

Charles 

George, 

Sarah (Hibbard), . . . 

William H., M.D., . . . 

William, 



,178 
, 200 
. 124 
. 124 
178 
157 
157 
157 
155 
157 
158 
157 
157 
158 
112 
158 
157 
111 
176 
123 
176 
72 
82 
176 
123 
123 
71 
123 
176 
123 
72 
134 
134 
186 
134 
134 



PAGE 

Bartlett, Mercy, 47 

Barton, Archer Earle 172 

Amy Dell 172 

Frank, 172 

Guy 172 

Mina L 172 

Mary Belle, 172 

Bates, Darwin H. 129 

Julia, 130 

Beals, Samuel Major, 30 

Bigelow, Artemus, 72 

Asa, 72 

Caroline (Badger), . . 124 

Electa R. (Sykes), . . 125 

Mary (Bailey), .... 124 

" Nancy (Kenney), . . 75 

Billings, Elisha 45 

Blackmer, David, 47 

Bosworth, George D., 182 

J. Harvey 127 

Harvey, 182 

Mary B. (Van Dusen), 182 
Mattie (North), ... 182 
MarindaW.(Clements) 181 

Brayman, Henry D., 200 

Guy Edward, .... 200 

Brown, Alice Sophia, 109 

Edgar M 108 

Ellen M. (Matthews), . . 192 

Frank Alfred, 193 

Frederick Edgar, .... 109 
Frances A. (Pendleton), . 193 

George Henry, 139 

George W 139 

" George William, .... 193 

Harriet 193 

Helen Grace, 109 

" Katherine Louisa, . . . 109 

Mary Frances 109 

Miner 80 

William J., 192 

Bryer, Thomas, 114 

Buddington, Thomas M 199 

Ralph Wells, ... 199 

Buell, Wallace 191 

" Carrie Daisy (Stone), . . 191 
" Ida M. (Hill) 202 



The names of children who died in infancy or early youth do not appear in this 



(213) 



214 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Calhoun, Andrew Homer, . . . 1S5 
" Bessie Jane, . . . . 185 

Henry, 185 

" Laura E. 185 

Nettie Estella, .... 185 

Cabrington, Fayette J., . . . .191 

Mary Francise, . .191 

Case, Dell, 178 

Frank Dwight ; 178 

Louie, 178 

Maude E, 192 

Preston Manning, .... 178 

Seth, 124 

Sylvester, 192 

Chamberlain, Ebenezer, . . . .118 

Cheeseman, John R., M.D., . . . 177 

Minnie May, . . .177 

Clements, Ann S. (Cornwell), . 186 

Frank J. 182 

Fred. Ward, ... 202 

Guy, 202 

" Harriet (Oatman), . . 185 

Henry F. 181 

Isaac, ....... 129 

Jarish Thomas, . . . 172 
" Lucien Gridley, . . .171 

Minnie Elizabeth, . . 172 
Nellie L. (Day), ... 182 
Nettie M. (Waldo), . 202 

Cobb, Gersham, 47 

" Gracia, 48 

Colby, John, 50 

Cole, James Monroe 108 

Collins, John Eldridge, .... 90 
Minnie Thomas, .... 90 

Reuben 90 

Richard Freeman, ... 90 

Corman, Grace, 203 

Wygand, 203 

Cornwell, Alma H., 186 

Demestis L. 186 

Fay D., ...... . 186 

Crane, Anna Lois 174 

" Bertha E. 174 

" George H., 174 

" Hannah A 184 

" Raymond G., 174 

Crowell, Erastus, 85 

Joseph, 85 

Pauline (Shaw), ... 85 
Croxford, Cora E. (Robinson), . 203 

J. G , 197 

Wilbur L 204 

Wilbur Preston, ... 204 

Curtis, Amelia Jane 138 

Bertie P., 191 

Dollie Elizabeth, .... 138 

Ellen K. (Carrington), .191 

" Ella Louisa 192 



PAGE 

Curtis, Frank A 173 

" Fred. M 191 

" George Harvey, .... 138 

" George Henry 192 

" Grace B. 191 

James A., 191 

" James Henry, 190 

James M., 138 

" Jessie Nora (Case), . . . 192 

Mary A. (Spencer), . . .191 

" Rhoba Emeline (Buell), .191 

" Walter Earl 192 

William Andrew, .... 191 

Cushman, Carlton, Ill 

Mary F. (Cooper), . . Ill 
Osmond Tiffany, . . .111 

Oscar R. R. Ill 

Cutler, Abbie E. (Tyler), . . . 154 

" Archie Bryce, 154 

" Charles, 63 

Charles Edwin 110 

" George, 110 

Henry Milton. 154 

" Lucy, . . 63 

" Martha Collins, .... 63 

Nettie S Ill 

Orsamus, Ill 

Phebe, 63 

Thomas Brown, .... 63 
William Thomas, . . .110 

Dobson, Florence L., 184 

Herbert H, 184 

Ford, Amos Jefferson, 175 

Garfield, 1 75 

Lucius, 175 

Lyman H., 175 

Maria Lucinda 175 

Sarah Arvilla, 175 

Frost, Henrietta (Alden), . . . 197 

Fuller, Charles Isaac, 160 

" Charles Isaac, Jr., . . . 160 

Gage, Rev. Rodney, 143 

Channing Thomas, .... 144 

" Mary B. (Owen) 197 

Lilian Eliza 144 

Gale, Emma Josephine T., . . . 90 

George, 89 

Glazier, Benjamin, 32 

David, 48 

Ezekiel, 48 

Hannah, 48 

Isaiah, 32 

" Jonathan, 32 

Submit 32 

William 32 

Goodrich, Cordelia E. 84 



INDEX. 



215 



PAGE 

Goodrich, Harriet L., 84 

IraT 84 

" Juvenus J., 84 

" Jesse 84 

Levi R 84 

Mary B, 84 

Noah L., 84 

" Susan A., 84 

Gordon, Frank Walter 178 

Robert Hilton, . . . .178 
William John, . . . .178 

Graves, Elizabeth F., 107 

Nettie C. 107 

Timothy 106 

" Warren Henry, .... 107 

Hamilton, Chauncey, 198 

Everett R., .... 198 
Ina Estelle, .... 198 

Harmon, Alice C, 181 

Chas. V 181 

Erwin C. 181 

Rolla C, 181 

Harrington, Clinton P. 200 

Robt. A. 200 

Haskel, Delbert N., 199 

Edwin Newell, .... 199 

Hastings, Annie (Marsh), ... 87 

Betsy (Anderson), . . 148 

Daniel, 48 

Harriet (Frost), . . . 148 

" Jacob, 48 

" Lucinda, 48 

" Stephen 48 

Theophilus, 86 

Walter 87 

Hawkins, Chas. S. 194 

EvaL 194 

Mira F. (Corman), . . 203 

Willard H., 194 

William H. 194 

Hayes, Edward 170 

Emma (Guthrie), . . . .170 

" Frank, 170 

Gretta (Withers), . . .170 

Ida 170 

Irene (North way), . . .170 

Kate 170 

Lee 170 

Scott, 170 

Titus, 170 

Heath, Hubert A., 199 

Isadel R., 199 

Louisa R 199 

Hibbard, Daisv May, 187 

Flora Belle 187 

Gertrude F. 187 

Henry, 186 

" Mary Louisa, . . . .187 



PAGE 

Hill, Harrison Albert, .... 203 
" Wm. H. Goodwin, .... 203 

Hills, Jas. Edwin, 159 

Jas. Mandly, 159 

Hinckley, Fred. Sanford, ... 192 

" Gertrude Lydia, . . 192 

Maude Ella, .... 192 

Sanford R., ..... ... 192 

Holman, David E., 155 

David Emory, M.D., . 156 
" Samuel Francis, . . . 156 

Hunt, Addison A., 131 

Anna Jane (Knapp), . . .131 

" Carrie W., 131 

" Frank Thomas, 131 

" Wm. Addison, 132 

Hurxthal, Arline Marguerite, . 195 
Alpheus Orlando, . 195 
Ferdinand Thomas, . 195 
Frederick K, . . . 195 

John Finley 195 

Natalie Mary, . . . 195 

Jordan, Edmund, 31 

Elizabeth 31 

" Eleazar 31 

Mary 31 

Submit, 48 

William 31 

Josselyn, Joseph H., Jr., . . . 166 
Walter Thomas, ... 166 

Kendall, Edward, 71 

Knowlton, Mary B., 178 

Nathan M., . . . .178 
" Stephen Bailey, . . 178 

Larson, Loyd S., 201 

Lynne C. 201 

Maude M., 201 

Ole J., 201 

" Vinton, 201 

Linden, Eleanor Elizabeth, . . . 186 
Frank Wm 186 

" James, 186 

" Thos. Bacon, 186 

Loomis, Ansell F., 122 

B. Frank, 122 

Byron H 173 

Drucilla A. (Whiting), . 174 

Flora A., 122 

Florence Louisa, . . .174 

" Grace Isoline, 174 

Hattie E. 174 

Horace E. 173 

Irving L., 173 

" Isaac Newton, .... 174 

Julius 173 

■ " Lewis W., 173 



216 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Loomis, Lilian M., 173 

Lovica E. (Crane), . . .174 

Mary E., . 122 

Sarah A. (Parks), . . . 173 

William 122 

Lovering, Joseph T., 114 

Luddon, Amos , 79 

" Eunice, 79 

" James, 79 

Mary Ann (Curtis), . . 138 
" Rhoda Sarepta (Stone), 138 

Maltby, Albert F. 181 

Beals, 180 

Rev. Clark 0., . . . . 126 
Helen N. (Tate), ... 201 

Horatio S., 127 

Maryette (Harmon), . 181 

Rev. Sherman 126 

Mann, Hobart D. 115 

Manwaren, Dr. E. M., .... 184 

Lois Hattie 184 

Ralph Jas., .... 184 

Marsh, Amos 47 

Eunice, 31 

Mary, 31 

Mary, 48 

Miriam, 31 

Patience 31 

Samuel, 31 

Samuel, .... 48 

Matthews, Irving E . 203 

Stanley Wirt, ... 203 

Wirt, 192 

Metcalp, Claude Theodore, . .175 

Darwin, 176 

Delett (Ford), .... 175 

Ella (Sharp.) 175 

Jefferson, .... 120, 123 

Lilian B 175 

" Leland M., 175 

" Lula, 175 

Mabel Estelle, . . . .175 

Millard Fillmore, . . .175 

Milton F., .... 123 

Theodore F., ... 175 

Mitchell, Chas. Thomas, . . . 190 

J. Nicholas, M.D., . . 189 

Morgan, Harry Richmond, . . . 199 

T. Henry, 199 

Nourse, Addie Mabel 196 

Benj. 195 

Oatman, Hiram C, ...... 185 

Fred. Fowler 185 

Ottoway, Albert Horace, . . . 187 
Alfred Albert, .... 187 
Chas. Thomas, .... 187 



PAGE 

Ottoway, Clara Lydia 187 

Edgar Russell, .... 135 

Edna M., 188 

Herbert James, . . .187 

Horace, 135 

Ida Jane (Snow), . . 188 

Ida Melinda 187 

Lester A. 187 

Owen, Jason T 197 

Lucien H., 197 

Packard, Mary J., 137 

Sophia B., 137 

Winslow, 137 

Parkhurst, Caroline Ella, . . .179 
Chas. Henry, . . .179 

Jas. H. 178 

Parks, George 173 

Laura Louisa 173 

Parsons, Clark T., .184 

Ella M 202 

Frank A., 184 

Frank A, 202 

John N., 184 

Lulu M. 202 

Mattie L 184 

Wm. T 184 

Pearsons, Henry, 182 

Ward, 182 

Pendleton, Arthur G 193 

Guerdon E 193 

Howard M. 193 

Nellie May 193 

Phillips, Benjamin, ...... 80 

Harvey Thomas, . . . 140 

" Harvey Hudnut, . . . 141 

Helen Elizabeth, . . 195 

" Laura Emily (Stone), . 139 

" Jas. Bruckner, . . . .194 

Nellie Wharton, . . .141 
Rhoda (Brown), ... 139 

Phipps, John 49 

Rachel, 50 

Ruth, 50 

" Samuel, 50 

Solon 50 

Thomas 50 

Pierce, Ella Velona 113 

Emma Frances (Rice), . 158 
Leutheria R. (Hills), . . 159 
Louisa T. (Wetherill), . 159 

Mandly 112 

Rachel Jane (Sturdy), .158 

Piatt, Albert H 107 

Charles M 107 

" Eleanor, 107 

Julia, 107 

Timothy Graves 107 

William Thomas 107 



INDEX. 



217 



PAGE 

Poole, Edmund L., 198 

Lucius Gordon, 198 

Pratt, Bathsheba 31 

Isaiah, 31 

Temperance, 31 

Rand, Carrie Louisa, 177 

" Chas. Dwight 177 

" Ellen Sophia 177 

Isaac Thomas, M.D., . . 164 
" Isaac Thomas, Jr., M.D., . 164 

" John Stillman, 117 

Kate Lydia, 117 

'■ Mary Thomas, 117 

Martha Salome (Stevens), 165 

" Robert Henry, 164 

' : Rev. Thomas, 116 

Ransom, Rev. George 177 

Herrick Johnson, . . .177 

Record, Andrew C, 48 

Reed, Emily L., 157 

" Estella Thomas (Heath), . 199 
Florence A. (Poole), . . . 198 

" Geo. Burt, 157 

Lila (Hamilton), .... 198 

Lucius C, 157 

Rice, Philip Bernard, 159 

Rowland Greenville, . . . 159 
" Watson E., M.D., .... 158 

Winthrop Merton 159 

Richmond, Annie Dale, . . . . 16 L 

Chas., 160 

Clara L. (Morgan), . 199 

Robinson, Everett F 203 

Jas. M , 203 

Ruggles, Abel, 86 

Anna D. (Getchel), . . 148 

Betsy N., 86 

Daniel 147 

Lucinda (Mayo), . . .147 
Mercy (Mayo), .... 148 

Mary, 47 

Mary L. (Croxford), . 197 

Scoville, Edna Ewalt, .... 183 
Frank Albert, .... 183 

Frank B 182 

Jas. Dow, 183 

Laura Ann (Tenney), 182 
Marion Ida, . . .". .183 
Nancy Jane (Wicks), 182 
Nathaniel C 127 

Sharp, Floyd Elwyn, .... 176 

Henry, 175 

Mabel Estelle, 176 

" Roy D., 176 

Shattuck, Chas. Ashley, . . . .110 

John M., 109 

Martha Frances, . .110 



PAGE 

Shatttjck, Rollin M., 110 

Slack, Armenia A. (Ransom), . 177 

" Dexter 123 

" Delevan D 123 

" Dwight, C, 123 

" Ellen C. (Moulton), . . .176 
" Marietta J. (Gordon), . . 177 

Snow, Margaret F. 188 

" Newton I. . 188 

Snyder, Jay C 185 

Jno. R., 185 

Stebbins, Jno. Kehlor, 200 

Lovell Wait, 200 

" Loulie Richmond, . . 200 

Stone, Adelbert DeWitt, .... 140 

" Arthur 194 

" Atlie Win, 193 

" Atlie Dwight, 194 

Bertie Sereno, 193 

" Benj. Harvey 193 

" Chas. Emory 193 

" Chas. Sereno, 193 

" Emma (Hinckley), . . . 192 

" Elbert E 194 

Edwin James 139 

" Ferna B 194 

" Franklin M. 194 

" Florence Pearl 193 

" Geo. L., 138 

" Geo. Fenn 139 

" Josephine A. (Hawkins), . 194 

John Murray 90 

" John 90 

" Lewis D. 193 

" Lura E., 194 

Luther, . 63 

" Lewis Ferdinand, .... 139 

" Mary J 194 

" Mary Emily (West), ... 140 

" Nathan, 90 

" Norton A., 193 

" Sarah Emeline (Howes), . 90 
" S. Franklin, ...... 193 

" Sereno, 139 

Wm. Fenn, 140 

Street, Wm. J 118 

Sturdy, Alice Winifred, .... 158 

Arthur Thomas, .... 158 

" Emily Velona, .... 158 

" Harry Pierce, 158 

" Lewis Allen 158 

Wm. Allen, .158 

Wm. Mandly 158 

Sykes, Jennie Eunice, 125 

Julius Hamilton 125 

Tate, Dean Clark 202 

" Glenn Beals, 202 

" John F., 201 



218 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Tate, John M., 202 

" Laura E., 202 

Tennet, Denison W., 183 

Fred. J., 183 

Samuel C, 183 

Thayer, Addison, 166 

Angeline F. (Pierce), . . 167 

Cephas Martin 167 

Ellis, 118 

Martha J. (Harrington), 200 

Sylvia A. (Chamberlain), 118 

Thomas, Aaron Silverthorn, . .150 

Abb.M., .169 

Abiah N. (Collins), . . 90 

Abiah, 52 

Abigail (Beals), .... 30 

" Abigail, 47 

" Abigail (Bangs), ... 71 

" Abigail, 61 

" Abigail, 51 

Abigail Beals (Wait), . . 88 

Adrienne J. (Whitney), . 94 

" Adrienne Josephine, . . 152 

Albert H., 179 

Alice Louisa, 189 

Allen, 49 

Almira (Freeman), . . 79 

Almeron, 127 

Almanson D., 180 

Alpheus, 82 

Alpheus, . 125 

Alpheus Orlando, . . . 141 

Alvin Hudson 120 

Amos, 30 

" Amos, 36 

Amos, 71 

Amos B., 71 

" ' Amos Clark 183 

Amos Russell, M.D., . . 135 
Andrew Collins, . . . .107 

Annie Adell, 171 

Antoinette (Reynolds), . 163' 

Ardon, 80 

Ardon Harrison, . .119 
Arthur Fisher, .... 152 

Arthur F., 180 

Avery 132 

" Azariah, 75 

Beals, 74 

Bertha E., 195 

" Benjamin Franklin, . . 13 
Benjamin Franklin, . . 84 
Burton Roger, . . . .163 
Carl Bacon, ... . . 189 
Caroline (Cushman), . . Ill 

Carrie M, 142 

Carrie E., 130 

Carey Norton, 164 

Cecil", 154 



PAGE 

Thomas, Charles, 169 

Charles A., 180 

" Charles Azariah, ... 78 
Charles Augustus, ... 93 
Charles C 121 

" Charles Charrier, ... 95 

" Charles Davenport, . . 168 

Charles Dwight 151 

Charles Edward, ... 162 
Charles Henry, .... 87 

" Charles Homer, ... 160 
Charles Merrick Smith, . 198 
Charles Monroe, M.D., . 188 
Charles M. Wade, ... 82 
Charles Mason Tully, .160 
Charles R 146 

" Charles Warren, .... 152 
Charles William, ... 149 
Charles Utley 146 

" Rev.ChauncyBoardm'n, 145 

Chester, M.D., 114 

Christie, 180 

Christine L., 189 

Clara E. (Hunt), ... 131 

Clara E., 185 

Clarabell (Pratt), . . .165 

Clark Roger 101 

Clarence H., 172 

Climena, 71 

ClimenaL. (Clement), . 171 
Cooley Hudson, . . . .168 

Collins Wheeler 169 

Corbin James, 169 

Cora A., 185 

Cornelia (Chapin), . . . 126 
Cynthia, 49 

" Daniel, 46 

Daniel, 47 

David, 73 

Denning 126 

Dexter Wilder 128 

Diantha, 46 

Dolly (French), .... 84 

Dwight, 96 

Ebenezer K., 129 

" Ebenezer Smith, . ... 13 
Edith Frances, . . . .195 
Edward, 172 

" Edward Augustus, . . . 144 
Edwin Augustine, . . . 146 
Edwin Egery, .... 75 

Edward Lewis 171 

Edward West, . . . .120 

" Edward Wesley, . . .121 
Eleanor Bacon (Linden), 186 
Elisha Billings, .... 85 

Elmer C 201 

Elmer Wilton 171 

Ellen Estella (Ware), . 167 



INDEX. 



219 



PAGE 

Thomas, Ella Stone (Josselyn), . 166 
Elsie M. (Calhoun), . .185 

" Eliza Ann (Gage), . . . 143 
Eliza Doty (Balcom), .111 
Elizabeth Antoinette, . 164 

Emma, 95 

Emma E ISO 

Emily (Pierce) 112 

Emma L. (Manwaren), . 184 
Emeline (Loomis), . . . 122 
Emerson Gibbs, .... 54 

Esther Ann, 138 

Estelle (Larson), . . .201 
Eugenia E. (Barton), .172 
Eunice (Thayer), . . .118 
Eunice (Bigelow), ... 72 
Ezelda (Spencer), . . .126 
Fanny L., 183 

" Frances, 106 

Frank, 126 

Frank B 164 

Frank Corwin 198 

Frank E., 179 

Frank Tracy, 162 

Frank Leon, 163 

Franklin Miner, . . . .117 
Frank William, M.D., . 133 
Frederick Stillman, . . 166 

" Frederick Almeron, . . 128 
Frederick William, . 14 

" Freeman, 115 

Florence L. (Mitchell), .189 

Florence P., 189 

Georgiana, 150 

George W, 179 

" George Harry, .... 163 
George Chisholm, . . . 150 

George Geary, 126 

Grace, 147 

Grace 172 

Guy, 201 

Hadley 171 

" Hannah, 31 

Harriet (Barnes), . . . 134 

Harriet M., ISO 

Harriet M 180 

Harriet H., 130 

" Harry George, .... 163 
Henry Alexander, . . . 164 

Harry P 147 

Hattie Elizabeth, . . . 134 
Hattie Emma (Haskel), 199 

" Heman, 78 

Henry 116 

Henry Ardon, .... 119 
Helen Maria (Fuller), . 160 

Hiram 125 

Horace, 121 

" Homer Amos 121 



PAGE 

Thomas, Hudson 170 

Huron Lewis, 170 

Isabella N. (Stone), . . 90 

" Isaac 46 

Isaac, 69 

Isaac Bacon, 133 

Israel, 32 

Israel, 48 

Isaiah, LL.D 13 

James Brown, 184 

James Holmes 142 

James Robert, .... 164 
Jane E. (Hurxthal), . . 195 
Jane M. (Scovill), ... 78 
Janette Louisa (Calkins), 128 
Jason Bigelow, M.D., . 130 
Jerusha R., ... 62 
Jesse Burgess, 14 

" Joseph 45 

Joseph, 46 

Josephine Olive, . . .126 
John 172 

" John Alexander, ... 93 

John Bradford 195 

John Edgar, 101 

John Eldridge, .... 52 

John Louis, 96 

John Marshfield, ... 9 
Joseph Warren, .... SC> 
Julia Elizabeth (Street), 118 
Laurence Avery, . . . 189 

Lama E., 185 

Laura J. (Lovering), . .114 

Leon, 201 

Lewis Avery, ..... 62 
Lewis Augustus, . . .121 

li Lewis Foulke, .... 14 

Lester, 201 

Lillian May, 201 

" Llewellyn Murray, . . 198 
Louisa Abigail (Baggs), 162 
Lucy (Shattuck), . . . 109 
Lucy (Prescott), .... 119 
Lucinda (Ruggles), . . 86 

Luke, 49 

Lydia Ann (Packard), . 79 

Mabel, 152 

Mabel, 164 

Mabel 180 

Mary (Curtiss), . . . .172 

" Mary Ann (Clement), . 121 
Mary Billings, .... 85 

Mary E 172 

Mary Frances 163 

Mary E. (Parsons), . . 183 

" Mary (Brown), .... 108 
Mary Jane (Watson), . 190 

" Mary (Hayes) 170 

Mary (Luddon) 79 



220 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Thomas, Mary (Wadelton), . . .163 
Marion Maria, .... 145 
Maria Maltby (Dobson), 184 

Mark Irving, 152 

Martha, 179 

Martha, 63 

Martha Ann (Bryer), .114 
Martha Adeline, . . . 108 

Martha S., 121 

Maria (Maltby) 126 

Marie Sarah, 134 

Marietta (Scoville), . . 127 

Martin, 137 

Martin Mandell, ■ • . . 130 
Melinda (Ottoway), . . 134 

Melvina, 163 

Mercy (Warner), . . . 86 

Merrick, 92 

Mildred, 201 

Miner Raymond, . . . 145 

Naaman, 49 

Nancy B. (Clements), . 129 

" Nancy B. (Newton), . . 75 

Nathan, 32 

Nathaniel 70 

Nettie Mabel, 164 

Nina M., 169 

Nora M., . ISO 

Norman, 163 

Orrin E„ 179 

Orsamus, ....... 50 

" Orsamus, . 52 

Patience (Wait), . . .114 

Paul Fifield, 146 

Pauline N. (Gale), ... 89 
Perleyette (Metcalf), . 120 
Perthenia (Crowell), . . 85 
Perley I., 169 

" Philemon, 9 

Philip, M.D., ..... 6 

Piatt, 130 

Piatt 129 

Ralph, 163 

Ralph Crosby, .... 183 

Reuben C, 119 

Rhoba, 45 

Rhoda (Phillips), ... 80 
Robert Murray, .... 93 

Roger Henry, 164 

Rosa L., 169 

Rosannah S. (Webb), . 142 
Rufina F. (Woodis), .' . 143 
Ruth Cutler (Allerton), 88 

Ruth, 63 

Ruth Cutler, 52 

Russell E. 189 

Sabra (Goodrich), ... 83 

" Samantha Jane 116 

Samantha (Rand), . . 116 



Thomas, Sarah Arvilla (Metcalf), 
" Samuel Beals, ...... 

Sarepta (Bates), . . . . 
" Sarah Kellogg (Locke), 
" Sarah Jane (Wait), . . 

Sarah -N. (Gage), . . . 

" Seneca, 

" Stillman, 

" Susan Cordelia 

" Susan (Goodrich), . . 
" Sylvanus, .... 66 
" Theodore Bolton, . . . 
" Temperance, . . . . 
" Vernon C 

William, M.D., . . . . 

William, 

" William of Hardwick, . 

William of Newton, . . 

William, 

William B , 

Wm, Eslar 

" Wm. Edgar, . ■ , . . 

" Win. Henry, 

" Wm. Jacob, . . . . . 
" Wm. Robinson, . . . . 
" Wm. Wallace, . . . . 

Walter, 

Zerviah, 

Tyler, Anna B 

Arthur W., 

Cora M., 

" Geo. Warren, 

Herbert F., 



AGE 
122 

47 
129 

91 
132 
143 

52 
117 

48 

84 
101 
154 

31 
201 

33 

54 

22 

17 
195 

61 
168 
154 
163 
101 

68 
165 
171 

31 
155 
155 
155 
154 
155 



Van Dusen, Jno. 182 

Julian, 182 

Marinda M. (Cross), 182 
Watson, 182 

Wadelton, Annie 163 

Elizabeth 163 

Frank 163 

John 163 

Jos. Henry, .... 200 

Mary Frances, . . . 163 

Wait, Agnes Thomas (Clapp), . 132 

Anna S. (Buddmgton), . . 199 

Bernard F., 161 

Chas. Arthur, 89 

David Reed 114 

David Reed 161 

Edith Wyman, 132 

Elizabeth Jones, .... 161 

Franklin 161 

Henry 161 

Harry Wallace 161 

Ida Patience, 123 

Julia T. (Mann), . . . .115 
Mary Ann (Stebbins), . . 161 



INDEX. 



221 



PAGE 

Wait, Martha A. (Richmond), . 160 
" Sarah Thomas (Crowell), . 89 
" Walter Sherman, .... 101 

" Wm. Thomas 89 

Waldo, Ethel, . 202 

Otis 202 

Ware, Edith E., 167 

Loren Adelbert, . . . .167 

Watkins, Arthur Osgood, . . . 197 

Henry Eugene, . . . 197 

Henry Willard, ... 196 

Watson, Chas. Dwight 190 

Ralph Dwight 190 

Robt. Ingraham, ... 190 

Stanley Edward, . . . 190 

Webb, Anna Estella (Watkins), . 196 

Ardie Daniel 196 

Charles, . . . 
Chas. Frederick, 
Ella Frances 
Geor 



. 142 
. 196 
. 195 
Daland, ..... 196 



PAGK 

Webb, George Garfield, .... 196 

John, 196 

Jonathan, 196 

Juliet Jane 196 

Marie Gale 196 

Rossie Maude, 143 

Rossie Maude, 196 

Wetherill, Alice Mildred, . . 160 
Chas Abner, . . . 159 
Herman Thomas, . 160 
Robt. Pierce, . . . 160 

Whitcomb, Dwight, 80 

Samuel 80 

Whiting, Bertha E., 174 

Earle C, 174 

Gideon 174 

Wicks, Benjamin, 182 

Thomas S 182 

Woodis, Alden B., 143 

Allie Arthur 143 



mt