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Full text of "Genealogical sketch of the first three generations of Prebles in America : with an account of Abraham Preble the emigrant, their common ancestor, and of his grandson Brigadier General Jedediah Preble, and his descendants"

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Capt. U. S. K. 

" The fame that a man wins himself is best 
That he may call his own ; honors put on him 
Make him no more a man than his clothes do, 
Which are as soon ta'en off ; for in the warmth 
The heat comes from the body, not the weeds ; 
So mail's true fame must strike from his own deeds." Middleton. 


David Clafp & Sos. 



" The reputation 
Of virtuous actions passed, if not kept up 
By mi access, and fresh supply of new ones, 
Pur want of habitation and repair 
Dissolves to heaps of ruins." 



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Ccipt* Ceo, Hen ry -7W b le 

17. S. JtfCLVU, 
















Mat they Emulate their Virtues ano 
Shun their Faults. 


It has been my amusement, in leisure hours, during the last 
twenty years, to gather, from public and private sources, the material 
from which this volume has been selected. 

The printing of this Family History was begun, and has been con- 
tinued and concluded, under such peculiar circumstances, that I hope 
they will be considered an excuse for some of its imperfections. 

The first dozen pages, relating to the common American ancestor 
of the family, and the memoir of his grand-son, Brigadier General 
Jedidiah Preble, were prepared for the July and October numbers of 
the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register, for 
1868, without thought of their separate publication. After the first 
paper was in type, it occurred to me to have a few copies struck off 
separate from the Magazine, and then for the first time to connect it 
by a genealogical sketch of the intervening descendants, with the 
memoirs of my grandfather Brigadier Preble, to add some account of 
the latter's descendants, and print a few copies of the whole in a 
pamphlet of fifty or sixty pages, for private and family circulation. 
Such was the humble origin of this octavo. 

Just as that design was being perfected in manuscript, and before 
the second article on the Brigadier was in type, I was suddenly called 
to duty in the North Pacific Squadron. Packing books, MSS. and 
documents, I took myself, at a week's notice, from Boston to San 
Francisco, and there found a little leisure amid new duties to enlarge 
my plan, and to forward to the printer, in Boston, a copy of the 

11 . PREFACE. 

letters and diary of the Brigadier, tlu-oughout the historical years of 
the American Revolution, in which he was a prominent actor, and to 
extend and fill out the sketches of his children and their descendants. 

The last spike had not then been driven in the competing railroads 
which completed the iron girdle environing the continent, and the 
overland mail conveying MSS. or proof, to and fro, was delayed 
weeks, and even months, throughout the winter and spring immedi- 
ately preceding that great event. Under these circumstances, I con- 
cluded to suspend the printing until the close of my distant services. 
Just then the Navy Department ordered extensive repairs and altera- 
tions in the ship under my command ; pending which, I obtained per- 
mission to visit my home in the East. During that visit I was able 
to examine papers and authorities, revise and materially add to my 
manuscript, and continue the printing ; also to attach to the memoir 
of my father, a pedigree of my children, to whom the book is dedica- 
ted, and for whom it is especially designed, with illustrative notes. 
In this manner the projected pamphlet grew to a volume ; several en- 
gravings and photographs were procured to increase its interest, and 
indices became a necessity. From a simple memorial of an ancestor, 
the book assumed the more ambitious character of a Family MONU- 
MENT, inscribed with the names and something of the histories of its 
more prominent members. 

As the last pages were being prepared for the press, before the in- 
dices were fully prepared, and when I was contemplating the addition 
of a general tabular genealogy of all the descendants of Abraham 

Preble, the immigrant, I was hurried back to the Pacific, by orders 

from Washington, to resume the command of the " Pensaeola," and 

wa- compelled again to leave the volume incomplete in the hands of 

the printer. 

Notwithstanding its mosaic growth, and these delays, the reader 

will not fail to perceive that I have pur.-ucd something of a regular 

/'its/. — Then ifl ■ Memoir of Abraham Preble, the common 
American ■■OCttQC and immigrant, with the names, it i- belies id. 


of all his descendants for three generations ; with notices of the most 
marked men among them, and occasionally their descent, continued 
to later times. 

Second. — A Memoir of Brigadier General Jedidiah Preble, a 
grandson of the head of the American family, and my immediate 
ancestor, with his Diary and Letters during the historical period of 
the American Revolution in which he was a somewhat prominent 

Third. — Each of the Brigadier's children is taken as the head of a 
family, and as much as could be obtained of their histories is given, 
with the names of their descendants to the present year, as full and 
accurate as years of inquiry and effort could make the roll. 

Fourth. — In the Appendix, some errors, discovered after they 
were printed, have been corrected, new facts added, and a list of the 
volunteers of the name*from Maine, in the War of the Rebellion, is 
given, and also the names of all of the family name found in several 
of the recent Directories of the principal cities of the Union, which 
may assist hereafter in tracing the ancestry of yet unborn and to be 
honored sons and daughters of the name. 

Lastly. — A General Index, with a complete Index of Names and 
of Authorities, completes the book. 

It was my design to have added a general genealogy of the whole 
American family, for which I have ample material ; and as at some 
future day I may carry out that plan, I would respectfully and* 
urgently solicit all its living members, to send me, at my household 
address, Charlestown, Mass., any information they may be in pos- 
session of, concerning themselves, their parentage, children or grand- 
children. A single name, or date of birth, marriage or death, may 
prove the connecting link which verifies the immediate ancestry of a 
whole family. 

I wish it understood by all that this volume is not published, and 
that only a few copies have been printed for private distribution, 
designed to perpetuate within, and for the family, the memory 
of its principal members; with a hope that their examples may lead 


to higher excellence and aims, and be an incentive to cherish and 
keep alive the honor of the family name. 

" It is the laudable desire of every brave man," writes Washington 
Irving, "to receive the praises of his countrymen; but there is a 
dearer and more cherished wish that grows close to his heart, it is to 
live in the recollection of those he loves and honors, to leave behind 
him a name at the mention of which the bosom of friendship shall 
glow, the eye of affection shall brighten, which shall be a legacy of 
honest pride to his family, causing it to dwell on his worthy deeds 
and glory in his memory. The bravest soldier would not expose 
himself to certain danger, if he thought that death were to be fol- 
lowed by oblivion ; he might rise above the mere dread of bodily pain, 
but human pride shrinks from the darkness of the grave." Says 
Daniel "Webster, " If we work upon marble, it will perish ; if we 
work upon brass, time will efface it. If we 'rear temples, they will 
crumble into dust ; but if we work upon immortal minds, if we imbue 
them with high principles, with the just fear of God and of our fel- 
low-men, we engrave upon those tablets something which no time 
<;in efface, but which will brighten to all eternity." 

With that admonition of the great orator, I close my work, hoping 
it may be acceptable, and subscribe myself the 

Humble Servant of the Family, 

G. II. P. 

U. S. S. " Pensacola," 

Navy Yard, Mare Island, California. 

July 15, 1870. 




* What constitutes the true nobility? 

Not wealth, nor name, nor outward pomp, nor power. 
-•Fools have them all ; and vicious -men may be 

The idols' and the pageants of an hour. 
But 'tis to have a good and honest heart, 

Above all meanness and above all crime; 
To act the right and honorable part 

In every circumstance of place and time. 
■He who is this, from God his patent takes : 

His Maker formed him the true nobleman. 
Whate'er is low or vicious he forsakes, 

And acts on rectitude's unchanging plan. 
Things change around him, changes touch not Trim — 

■The star that guides his path fails not nor waxes dim." 

Prof. Upham. 

Abraham Pkeble came over from 
England with the "Men of Kent,"* 
and settled, somewhere about the 
year 1636, in Scituate, Plymouth 
Colony. Fuller, in his " Worthies 
of England," says, " Kent hath so 
carried away the credit in all ages 
for man hood, that the leading of 
the front or vanguard in former 
times hath simply and absolutely 
belonged to them." Abraham Pre- 
ble was one of the earliest settlers 
of Scituate, and very soon after his 
arrival was married to Judith, the 
third daughter of Elder Nathaniel 
Tilden, the descendant of a very 
ancient family in the County of 
Kent, England. His ancestry is 
traced in Berry's County Genealo- 
gies to a William Tylden, who paid 
aid for lands in Kent at the time of 
making the Black Prince a Knight, 

* " Men of Kent." To be so called was v considered a distinguishing honor, but the re- 
verse to be called " a Kentish man," for Kentish men were thieves. 


in the 20th year of Edward IH.f Thus, by father and mother, the 
descendants of Abraham Preble may claim to reflect the eulogy of 

After his marriage, Abraham Preble removed to York, or Gorgiana, 
as it was then called, in the Province of Maine, where, in 1642, he 
purchased a tract of land of Edward Godfrey. In the deed they are 
both styled of Agamenticus. York was incorporated as a city by 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges in 1641, by the name of Agamenticus, and the 
following year the name was changed to Gorgiana. This was the first 
city government established in New England, and Thomas Gorges 
was appointed the first Mayor under the charter. Sir Ferdinando 
also appointed for the little settlement of less than three hundred in- 
habitants, Aldermen, Councillors and Recorder ; and, in fact, made it as 
much of a city as seals and parchment could make it. Abraham Pre- 
ble soon rose into consideration, and was early appointed Mayor of 
the city, and continued to sustain for the remainder of his life some 
of the most responsible and honorable offices of the Province. He 
was appointed in 1645 one of the Councillors or Assistants to Sir Fer- 
dinando Gorges's government, and continued in that office until the 
dissolution of that government in 1649. 

Under the succeeding brief sway of Edward Godfrey he was a 
member of the General Court, and held the first military appointment 
with- the title of Major. He was one of four magistrates holding a 
General Court at Saco, Oct. 21, 1645, of which Richard Vines was 
Deputy — which ordered, " Whereas, we have not heard of late from 
the lion. Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Knight, lord proprietor for this pro- 
vince of Mayne, for a full establishment of Government within the 
said Province for our peace and safety, this 21st day of October, 1645, 
have chosen for our Deputy Governor Richard Vines, Esqr. for one 
whole year, and also order yearly to choose a Deputy Governour, and 
further order that in case the said Richard Vines Esq. shall depart the 

t Elder Nathaniel Tildes, son of Joseph Tildes, one of the merchant adventurers, came 
ilr.-t from England about 1628. The first records of Sdtuate relate t<> bis purchaae of land 
that year from iiy. tlerritt, and which \\a> bounded in part by land already owned by him. 
lie must, however, have returned to England, for in March, 1634, we find Natii'i TUden, yeo- 
man, "t Tenderden in Kent, embarking at Sandwich, a passenger in the >iii|> Bercule, S00 
tons, John Wltherly, master, «itii Lydla ins wife, seven children ami seven servants, Re 
was chosen Ruling Elder over the first church In Scituate the same year. Be died 1641, 
ami in bis will, dated May 25, bequeaths— "To Lydla my wife the Income <>f my stone 

i m with the lands In Tenderden m Kent In which Richard Lambeth now dwells." i" Joseph a double portion, that la as much a^ bom Thomas and Stephen, in land, bouse, 
siiin. lie and Marshflcld. ToLydiaand Stephen, iii> youngest children, u a mam- 
uniancc until 21." To Judith a cow. i" Ifarj and Sarah 10 shillings each. Hf was tin- 
tii-t person who kept bees in the Colony. Hla widow married Timothy Hatherly, Esq., who 
died In 1664. Bheappeara i" have survived her second husband, as be bequeaths property 
to bii • mi. Lydia" In his will, 


country before the year be expired, Then we nominate and choose 
Henry Joselin Esq. Deputy Governor in his place and stead." 

He was one of the Assistants at a General Court held at Wells by 
Henry Joselin, Esq., Deputy Gov'r, July 6, 1646, which outlawed John 
Bonighton. He was chosen an associate Justice of the County iu 1641, 
which important office he held until 1650, and is believed to have been 
the author and adviser of the following act against lying ordered that 
year, viz. : " Wherefore as truth in words as well as in actions is 
required of all men, Specially of christians, who are the servants of the 
God of truth, and whereas all lying is contrary to truth, and some 
sorts of lyes are not only sinful (as all lyes are) but also pernicious to 
the Public weal, and injurious to particular persons, it is therefore 
ordered by this court and authority thereof, That every person of the 
age of discretion which is accounted fourteen years, who shall wit- 
tingly or willingly make or publish any lye which may be pernicious 
to the public weal or tending the damage or injury of any particular 
persons, or with intent to abuse or deceive, the persons with false 
news or reports and the same be duly proved in any court, or (before) 
any one magistrate, who hath hereby power granted to hear and de- 
termine all offences against the (this) law. Such person shall be 
fined for the first offence ten shillings, or if the party be unable to 
pay the same, then to be set in the stocks so long as the Court or 
magistrate shall appoint, in some open place not exceeding two hours. 
For the second offence in that kind whereof any shall be legally con- 
victed, the sum of 20s lOd, to be whipt upon the naked body not 
exceeding ten stripes, and third offence that way 40s Od. If the 
party be unable to pay, then to have 15 stripes, and if any shall offend 
in the like manner and kind and be legally convicted thereof, such 
person shall be fined ten shillings a time more than formerly, or if the 
party so offending be unable to pay, then to be whipped with 5 or 6 
more stripes than formerly, not exceeding forty at any time, and for 
all such as be under the age of discretion, that shall offend inlying con- 
trary to (these) orders, their parents or masters shall give them due 
correction in the presence of some officer if any magistrate shall so 
appoint. Provided also that no person shall be barred of his just 
word of slander, or otherwise by any proceeding upon this order." 

The same year, 1650, he took an active part in the petition of the 
Fishermen of the Province, relating to certain of their rights. When 
Massachusetts extended her jurisdiction in 1652 over the western pai't 
of the Province, he was selected with the right trusty Mr. Edward God- 
frey, Mr. Edward Johnson, and Mr. Edward Rishworth, Commission- 
ers to hold County Courts, attend to the execution of justice, commis- 
sion military officers, and perform the other services of a responsible 


On the 29th of June, 1654, he was chosen and sworn as Treasurer 
of the County, and continued in that office a number of years. He was 
also one of the Commissioners of the County of York during the«years 
1655, '56, '51, '59, and '60. His name, in 1656, with seventy other 
persons, inhabitants of Saco, Cape Porpois, Wells, York and Kittery, 
appears on a petition to Oliver Cromwell, praying to be continued un- 
der the government of Massachusetts, alleging that they were " a peo- 
ple few in number and those not competent to manage weighty 
affairs, our weakness occasioning distraction, our paucity division, our 
meanness contempt." March 9, 1658, he was appointed an Associate 
from Wells, and with Joselyn, Jordan, Capt. Nicolas Shapleigh and Mr. 
Edward Rishworth, was invested with magistratical power throughout 
the whole County of Yorkshire for the year ensuing, and until others 
are chosen. The General Court at their session in May, 1659, appoint- 
ed him, in company with Capt. Nicolas Shapleigh, Mr. Edward 
Rishworth and Lieut. John Saunders, to run the dividing lines of Fal- 
mouth, Saco and Scarborough. The first Court after the submission 
of Falmouth and Scarborough, of which we have any record, was 
at York, July 4, 1659. Massachusetts sent two of her magistrates 
to preside at this Court, who were assisted by Major Nicolas Shap- 
leigh, Mr. Abraham Preble, and Mr. Edw. Rishworth, "local magis- 
trates." Several actions were entered at this Court by and against 
persons living in the eastern part of the County. The care of the 
morals of the people seems to have been under their cognizance, as 
the following order passed at this Court witnesseth, viz. : " This 
Court being informed that the inhabitants of Falmouth are at present 
destitute of any public means for their edification on the Lord's day, 
and hy reason of the peoples not meeting together for their mutual 
furtherance in the ways of God, great advantage is given unto the 
common enemy joining with the corruption of such as have no delight 
tu sanctify (iod's holy rest, the neglect whereof being an inlet to all 
profaneness, and cannot but be provoking to him who is the fountain 
of our peace and welfare] for. the prevention whereof these are there- 
fore to require all the inhabitants of the said place from time to time, in 
one or more convenient place or places, to meet together on the Lord's 
day, for their mutual edification and furtherance* in the knowledge and 
{ear of the Lord, by reading of God's word, and of the labors of well 

known and orthodoi divines, sinking of Psalms and praying together 1 , 

or such other ways as tin- Lord shall enable them till the favor of God 
shall so far smile upon them as to give them better and more public 

means .d their edification." In September of the same year a Court 

ociatei was held at Scarborough bjJpaelyii, Shapleigh, liohert 

Jordan, Rishworth and Abraham Treble. And the same persons were 

Engrayed try S-Bobmsg 





annually chosen Associates for 1660 and 1661. The following notice 
is added to their names in 1660 : " Chosen associates by the votes 
of the major part of the freemen of this county for the year ensuing." 

In 1662 he was again chosen to the same office in company with 
Joselin, Rishworth, Geo. Munjoy and Humphrey Chadbourn. He was 
often appointed an arbitrator between parties, and frequently, by 
the Court, a Commissioner for laying out lands in the province. 

Closing this life of usefulness, he died in 1663, probably about the 
30th of March, when an inventory was taken of his estate. At a 
Court held at York, July 1, 1663, letters of administration were grant- 
ed to Mrs. Judith Preble, his widow. At a subsequent Court it was 
ordered, "For the more equal distribution of the estate of Mr. Abra- 
ham Preble, lately deceased, this Court doth judge meet to dispose 
of forty pounds to his eldest son, and 20£ apiece to the residue 
of his children, that daughter only excepted which is married, that 
received her portion, which portions are to be paid to the sons at 
one and twenty years of age, and to the daughters at 18 years of 
age or at the time of the marriage, and the remainder of the said 
estate is to be left unto the relict, or widow of the said Abraham 
Preble, out only of which part the debts are to be discharged, and 
in case the widow do marry, her husband to give in security for the 
payment of the children's portion" to the Court of Associates, and 
for the better dividing of this estate if occasion be the Commissioner 
of the Town of York have power to dispose thereof as may most 
conduce to equity and peace as near as may be according to the for- 
mer distribution." 

At a Court held at York, July T, 1663, Mrs. Judith Preble was 
granted "Letters of Administration on the estate of Mr. Abraham 
Preble, her deceased husband." 

Timothy Hatherly, in his will, 1664, makes bequests to " Widow 
Preble, daughter of my wife Lydia." (See abstract of will, in N. E. 
Hist, and Gen. Register, vol. vi. pp. 187.) 

The following inventory of his estate was taken after Abraham 
Preble's decease, and is to be found on the York County Records, 
at Alfred, Me. 

A true Inventory of the estate viz. of the goods, housing lands, cattle and 
chattels taken out and appraised by a true valuation according to the 
best of our judgement of Mr. Abraham Preble lately deceased, by us 
whose names are here underwritten this 30th March, 1663. 

Imprimis. £ s. d. 

His wearing apparel, shoes and stockings, at . . 5 7 00 

Bedding and bedsteads, all at 9 15 00 

A cabbine and bedding in the chamber, . . . 5 00 00 




Chests and other small things, ..... 
2 pair bandoliers, 1 warming- pan and an old lanthorn, all 

5 sheets, one sword and shot bag, .... 
4 hogsheads, one tub, and a trough, .... 
4 saws and several working tools, .... 

4 scythes and tackling, at 

One small wheel and six bags, ..... 
Tubs and small things in the Leanto, .... 
2 wheels, one cradle, books, pails, .... 
Tables, chairs and stools in the inner room, 2 old brands, 

kellets and 1 skillet, ...... 

2 iron pots, 1 kettle, pot hooks, and several other things, 
Pewter and a frying-pan, ...... 

2 fire-lock guns, at ...... . 

One frying-pan and a hammer at . 

6 dishes and spoons, one white porringer and 2 platters, 
Beetle rings, 4 wedges, 1 cheese press, & other iron things, 1 

1 hair cloth, ........ 

2 troughs, 1 grindstone, and other things in the barn, . 
2 yokes, 1 chain, copps and yoke tire, .... 

1 cart, 1 pair wheels, 2 sleds, ..... 

2 plows with the irons, 2 pitchforks, .... 
In ginger, ......... 

1 canoe, \ part of 4 canoes, ...... 

For his dwelling house with other outhouses, all at 
Marshes, fresh and salt, at ...... 

A small piece of meadow bought of Richard Howell, . 

2 lots, being 40 acres, lying at the seaside, . 
Another lot at the seaside, exchanged with F. Allcock, 
20 acres land next Henry Sayward's, 
10 " " given Mr. Godfrey, added to his home lots, 

1 parcel of wool, 20s., parcel of sheep, 6£, . 
4 oxen, 36.C, half the cattle, 30s. .... 

2 yearlings and a calf, 4£, 3 cows, 14£ 

3 steers, 1 heifer, 10.£, some swine, small & great, 5 12 00, 15 
18 bushels barley and malt, at ... . 
45 bushels Indian corn, at .. 

7 " wheat c 35s., 8 bushels peas, 32s. 
1 " of oats, 5s., pork and beef, 3X, 






































, 1 




































































As witness our hands, 

£289 01 00 

Edward Rqhwokth, 
Richard Baxkbs, 

Thomas OoBTIS. 

This is a true inventory of all the goods and lands given into the 
Appraisers by Judith Preble, the wife of Mn Abraham Preble, deceas- 
ed;, as slic attests upon her oath to the best of her knowledge. Taken 
bv me in Oonrl this L2th daj of July, 1668. 

ESdw'd Rishwobth, Be: Cor: 


lt will be noticed in this inventory, that his fresh and salt marshes 
(£36) are valued the same as 4 oxen ; that 18 bushels of malt and 
barley are considered as nearly an equivalent to a 20 acre lot, and that 
3 cows are valued at £14, while his " two lots of 40 acres, lying by 
the sea-side," are only valued at £15, or one pound more than the 
valuation of 3 cows. 

Children of Abraham and Judith Preble : — 

2-1. Abraham, b. 1642; m. Hannah Kelley, 1685 ; d. Oct. 14, 1704. 

3-2. Rachel, b. 1643; m. Joseph Carline, March 28, 1659; d. . 

4-3. Joseph, b. ; m. and had son Joseph, b. 1691. 

5-4. Stephen, b. ; m. Rachel, daughter of John Main ; d. in 

1696. His widow m. Joseph Carlisle in 1697. 
6-5. Nathaniel, b. 1648. 
7-6. John, b. ; m. Hannah ; d. . His widow d. 

Aug. 19, 1695. 

8-7. Benjamin, b. ■; m. Mary ; d. March 25, 1732. 

9-8. Sarah, b. ; m. Henry Coombs; d. Oct. 25, 1724. 

10-9. Mary, b. . ; d. unmarried. 

The Preble Arms. 

Copies of the Preble Arras, of good authenticity, have been pre- 
served in the families descended from the eldest son of Abraham 
Preble. One of these, now in the possession of Mr. Geo. B. Preble, 
of Preble Island, in Portsmouth Harbor, bears the following heraldic 
description : 

"He beareth gules, on a pale or, between four lions' heads erassed, 
argent, three diamonds sable, by the name of Preble, and was con- 
firmed by William Flower, Norroy, on the 20th of October, 1585, and 
the 27th year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, to George Preble, of 
the City of York, Esquire, one of the Queen's Justices of the Peace, 
within the East Riding of the County of York. ' A man well born, 
and descendant of worthy progenitors.' " 

Abraham Preble and his immediate descendants in this country 
usually wrote their names with two 6's — Prebble, as it is written 
at the present time by those bearing the name in England. Occa- 
sionally it is found written Prebel, and Prebell, which furnishes a 
key to its popular pronunciation. The name is said to have been 
originally Preville, and of Norman origin. Christopher Prebble, 
writing from No. 5 Covington Terrace, Brompton, London, in 1863, 
asserts such is the family tradition, and by way of confirmation 
adds : " All the Prebbles in England are of a dark complexion." 

JJe also writes he had often heard his father, John Prebble, who 
was born in High Halstow in Kent, in 1737, and who died at the 
mansion house in Kent, in 1812, aged 75 ("leaving a large landed 


property which since his decease has been all exhausted in a long 
and expensive litigation in the High Court of Chancery"), say that 
he had relatives in America, and particularly that there was a Major 
Prebble in America, who was a relative.* Mr. Christopher Prebhle 
also states that there are Prebbles now living at the very extremity 
of the County of Kent, and that some forty years since he made some 
inquiries concerning them, and ascertained " they came from York- 
shire, which is three hundred miles from Kent." He also mentions 
as a little singular, that his sister Lucy should have married about 
1T90, John Tylden, Esq., of Ifield Court, N. Gravesend. Her hus- 
band's family had been settled there at that time one hundred years, 
but originally came from " what is called the weald of Kent, which is 
near Tenderden."f Christopher Prebble's grandfather lived to a great 
age, which would carry back the date of his birth to very near the 
time of the emigration of Abraham Preble to America, and was buried 
near High Halstow. The name is by no means common in England. 
There were only five of the name in the London Directory of 1862. 

As the tract of land Abraham Preble purchased of Edward God- 
frey in 1612, was called Gorgiana, and in the deed he is called of 
Agamenticus, and it was afterwards called York, a name it still sus- 
tains, it may have been so called through the influence of Abraham 
Preble, and in commemoration of the birth place of his ancestors in 
England. | 

* This Major Prcbhle was probably Brigadier General Jedediah Preble, Che grandson of 
Abraham and Judith, who was born in 1707, and died in 1781, and was therefore forty- 
seven years his cotemporary. 

t Bee Reports in Chancery, 1816-21 — Prebble and Bqgwhert, Barncwell and Alderson, 
Swanaon and others. 

♦ Within the limits of the present town of York, Maine, there is a high hill of three sum- 
mits called Agamenttcus. In the nearest direction it does not exceed five miles In distance 

from the lea shore, and is a noted landmark tor sailors. The region of country in Its imme- 
diate vicinity, and between it and the shores of the Atlantic, was also designated by the In- 

dians BS Agamenttcns. A portion Of this territory Gorges erected into a city and named it 

after himself, "Gorgiana." This embryo city, whose streets, or rather lams, near the 

month of the river, remain to this day, extended from the -ea--!ii>rc along the left bank Of 

the river to a small branch or stream emptying into it about three miles from its month, 
called bidieohtn Stream, as it i- supposed, from Its being the limits of the Jurisdiction of 
the city towards the Interior. Gorges the Went, Governor's bouse stood not far from the 
bank of this stream near it- month, on a broad, Sal point of land made by the stream ami 

the main river. 

At the time the authority of Gorges was put an end to, and the Province of Maine 

came under the Jurisdiction of ataseachusetts, a certain portion of territory and it- Inhabit- 

mils were cons ti tu t ed a town by the name of York, the t er r itor ial limits <.f which, as 

iiitiiiutciy settled, embrace the whole of the original Indian Agamendcus, and a put of 
their thjunL.t. This hill was an object of special Interest to the Indiana. Upon the top 
of it lies buried the Indian Apostle, n noted In hi- day, " .sv. Aspinqtdd." He was nlnety- 

fonr years old when he died, M i\ I, 1682. At the Bg< Of forty-two or forty-three he "as 

oonverted !•> Christianity! and -pent titty year- of his life in preaching to the Bbtty-slx dif- 
fer) nt Datkmi "i tribes ol Indian-, aj the account has it, •• from the Atlantic to the Callfbr- 


The Tilden Arms. 
Judith Tilden, the common ancestor on the maternal side of all the 
Prebles in America, was descended from a family of great antiquity. 
Burke, in his " Landed Gentry," under the head of " Tylden of Mil- 
sted," says : — 

"The family of Tylden, one of great antiquity, has been seated in 
Kent for several centuries. Of three distinct branches into which it 
separated, the eldest became possessed of Milsted in that County. 
The second removed into Sussex, and one of its members emigrating-, 
founded the numerous ' Tildens of America,' while the younger branch 
settled at Ifield. So far back as Edward III. we find William Tylden 
paying aid for lands in Kent, when Edward the Black Prince was 
knighted. The family anciently possessed lands in the Parishes of 
Brenekly Otterden, Kennington and Tilmanstone. Richard Tylden, 
Esq., purchased the manor and advowson of Milsted, Kent County, 
from John Chute, Esq., of Belersden, 16th Sept., 9th of Charles I." 

Lieut. Col. Tylden, of the Royal Engineers, who died of cholera in 
the Crimea (where he was serving as a Brigadier General during the 
war with Russia), when on a visit to this country, visited the father 
of the late Charles L. Tilden, Esq., of Lowell, and traced out their 
common ancestry. On his return to England he sent his kinsmen a 
drawing of the family arms, which are : 

Arms. — Azure, a sal tire ermine, between four pheons or. 
Crest. — A battle axe erect twined with a serpent proper. 
Motto.—" Truth and Liberty." 

The Tyldens of Wye Co., Kent, have the same arms with a broken 
spear erect or, environed by a green snake for the crest.* 

nia Sea." The Sachems of the different tribes attended his funeral, which from motives of 
policy was conducted with a good deal of pomp and ceremony. In honor of the deceased 
the Indians made a great collection of many sorts of wild animals, and sacrificed them to 
the departed spirit. A list of them has been preserved, viz. : — 

25 Bucks, 99 Bears, 240 Wolves, 3 Catamounts, 

67 Does, 36 Moose, 82 Wild Cats, 900 Musquashes, 

3 Ermines, 50 Weasels, 482 Foxes, 59 Woodchucks, 

32 Buffaloes, 400 Otters, 620 Beavers, 1500 Minks, 

110 Ferrets, 520 Raccoons, 500 Fishes, 38 Porcupines. 

832 Martins, 112 Rattlesnakes, The number amounting to 6711. 

This list is curious as showing the probable relative proportions in which these animals 
abounded at the date of St. Aspinquid's funeral. 

On St. Aspinquid's tombstone is this inscription : — 

" Present, useful ; absent, wanted; 
Lived desired ; died lamented." 

The substance of this note is taken from a pamphlet account of " the Preble families in 
Portland," printed for private circulation, in 1850, by the late Hon. Judge Wm. Pitt Preble, 
a descendant of Abraham Preble and Hannah Kelly. 

* " About fifteen or eighteen years since, there was a Lieut.-Col. Tylden, of the British 
Army, in this country, with whom my father became acquainted. Although he spelt his 
name with y instead of i, he was from the same stock, and upon his return to England he 
sent a drawing of the arms belonging to the family, from which I had my seal engraved." 

Charles L. Tilden's Letter to G. H. P., April 14, 1843. 





Born 1642; married Hannah Kcllcy 1G85, who died May 9, 1151. 
He died Oct. 4, 1714. 

The first certain record evidence we have of the eldest son of Abra- 
ham and Judith Preble is that he was Register of Deeds for the County 
of York. He took a very prominent and active part in the public 
affairs of the Province. In 1C92, York was destroyed by the Indians, 
and only four garrison houses were left standing, having made a suc- 
cessful resistance. One of these was the garrison house of Abraham 
Preble. In 1702, he and three others were appointed Judges of the 
Judicial Court of the County of York or Province of Maine. He 
was also Captain of the Town, or chief commander of all the military 
force in it. His original commission as Judge, on parchment, now in 
the possession of his descendant, William P. Preble, Esq., of Port- 
laud, Me., son of the late Hun. William P. Preble, reads as follows : 

3U11C, by the Grace of God of England, Scotland, France and Ire- 
land, Queen, Defender of the faith, Sec. 5To Otip Trusty and wel 
beloved Joseph Hammond, John Wheelwright, Tchabod Plaisted and 
Abraham Preble, Eagre., Greeting: 88l|)fYf 80 in and by an Act made 

and passed by the Greal and General Court or Assembly of our Pro- 
\ i nee of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, at their session begun 
and held the Thirty-lirst day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand 
six hundred ninety-nine, Intituled An Act for establishing of Inferior 
Courts of Common Pleas in the several countys of this Province, It is 
enacted that there shall be held and kept in each respective County 
within the s' 1 Province yearly and every year, at the times and places 
in the s' 1 Act mentioned and expressed, an Inferiour Court o{ Common 

Pleas by four substantial persons to bo appointed and commissionated 

afl Justices of the same Court in each County, any three of whom to 

be a quorum For the holding of b* Court, Who shall have cognizance 
of all civil actions arising orhapening within each County, tryable 
:it the Common Law, of what nature, kind or quality Boever, and are 
thereby impowered t<> give judgemenl therein and award execution 
thereupon. 321c therefore reposing special trust and confidence in 
your Loyalty, prudence ami ability, 7i)«iUf assigned, constituted and 

appointed, and by these presents OO assign, OOnstitute and appoint 

you the said Joseph Hammond, John Wheelwright, Ichabod Plaisted sad 
Abraham Preble, to be our JfttitfCf I of our r Inferiour Court of Com- 
mon pleas in ouy county of Fork, within out* province of the Mas- 
sachusetts Baj afores*, and do authorise yon and e\ ery of you respec- 



tively to have, use, exercise and execute all and singular the powers, 
authority and Jurisdictions to a Justice of the s d Court belonging or 
in any wise appertaining, and you or any three of you to hear and 
determine all such causes and matters as are by Law cognizable in the 
s d Inferiour Court of Common pleas, and to give judgement therein and 
award execution thereupon, and to do that which to Justice doth 
appertain according to Law. JrJt KtUtitlXOVig whereof W&Z have 
caused the publick Seal of OUC province of the Massachusetts Bay 
afores d to be hereunto affixed. S2£ttltfSS Joseph Dudley Esq. our 
captain General and Governour in chief in and over our s d province. 
At Boston the second day of July in the first year of Ottt Hfcetfllt, 
annoq. Domini 1702. 


By order of his Excellency the Governour, 

by and with the advice and consent of the ||| 


J. H. Addingtoi*, Secr'y. 

.... . ......,.,._ 


At the date of his death Abraham Preble is said to have held 
thirteen offices. 

On the headstone over his grave, in the old burial place at York, is 
inscribed : 

" This stone is fixed at the head of Abraham Preble, Esqr. Deacon 
of the Church, Captain of the Town, and one of the Judges in the 
County of York and universally faithfull to the death, who deceased 
October 4th, 1714, aged 72." 

His widow took administration in his estate, April 4th, 1716 (Prob. 
Eec. at Alfred). And according to the York Town Records, " Hannah, 
widow of Abraham Preble died May 9, 1751 ; " which proves, though 
he was forty-three or four years of age at the date of his marriage, 
as Mary their first child was born in 1686, she must have been a young 
wife, as her death was sixty-five years after that event. 

In those days it was common to continue the Christian name of a 
family down from generation to generation. Accordingly we find an 
Abraham Preble in very many branches of the Preble family. Hence 
for one or two generations after his death, whenever there was occa- 
sion to refer to this Abraham, the son of the common ancestors, his 
townsmen and others by way of distinction always designated him as 
the "great" Abraham.* 

The names and dates of birth of his children, all born in York, are 
found in the first Book of the Town Record of York, at p. 455. 

* Judge Preble's Pamphlet. 


Children of Abraham Preble (2-1) and Hannah Kelly, 

Grandchildren of Abraham and Judith. 

11—1. Mary, b. June 8, 168G ; mar. her cousin Abraham, son of 

Nathaniel Preble (his fourth wife), and surviving him, married 


12-2. Abraham, 3d, b. Aug. 21, 1687 ; d. unra. March 30, 1720. 

13-3. Caleb, b. July 7, 1689 ; mar. Jemima , 1719 ; d. Jan. 

7, 1731. lie had nine children, four sons and five daughters. His 
widow, who administered on his estate, married Andrew Gilman, of 
Exeter, Jan. 30, 1741, and died Jan. 8, 1780. His headstone is in- 
scribed : "Here lies interred Capt. Caleb Preble, aged 45 yrs. and 7 
mos. who departed this life Jan. 7, 1734." The record of his death 
mentions him as the son of Abraham Preble, Esq., and Hannah his 
wife, nis father during his lifetime gave him half his estate (Prob. 
Rec. Alfred). The names of his children are, 1st, Hannah, b. Jan. 
29, 1720 ; 2d, Paul, b. March 27, 1722 ; 3d and 4th, David and Lydia, 
twins, b. July 8, 1724; 5th, Ilepzibah, b. Nov. 17, 1726 ; 6th, Caleb, 
b. Feb. 25, 1728 ; 7th, Lydia, b. Jan. 4, 1731 ; 8th, Abraham, b. Aug. 
22, 1733 ; 9th, Jemima, b. July 5, 1734. William, a son of Paul, was 
killed at the battle of Monmouth ; and Abraham and David, sons of 
Paul, b. 1758, served in the American Revolutionary War. There is no 
male of the name Preble, descended from Capt. Caleb, living, nis 
grandson John, the son of Caleb, who lived in Camden, Me., had a 
family, and left two maiden daughters, Elizabeth and Miriam, who 
were living in 1850. 

14-4. Ilepzebah, b. March 28, 1691 ; d. unmarried. 

15-5. Miriam, b. June 14, 1692; mar. Benj. Stone; d. 1721, 
and left one daughter, Ilepzebah, who married a Coburn. 

16-6. Jonathan, b. April 11, 1695; mar. 1st, Rebecca Harvey, 
who was born in England, and died Sept. 1739 ; mar. 2d, Mehitable 
Storcr of Wells, widow of Nicholas Sewall of York, in 1768. By his 
first marriage he had, 1st. Ebenezer, who died an infant. 2d, Abra- 
ham,!.. March 23, 1722: mar. Hannah Preble, Aug. 11, 1713. 3d, 
Ebenezer, l>. Sept. 23, 1721 : mar. Mary Barnden— both killed by the 
Indians in IT56.* tth, Jonathan, b. 1725; mar. Elisabeth Barnden, 

• His great-grandson, Capt. Geo. A. Preble, wrote me in 1851, thai Bben hadtwosoaa, 
Bbeueser and Samuel; and three daughters, Polly, Rebecca and Mehitable, and thai he «.is 
shot by the Indians while at work in the Bold, his wife was mied In the house, and the 
children all carried to Quebec, where they remained prison er s four or Bve years, at the 
end of the war the] were all brought back by their grandfather, Brigadier General Han* 

den ("ii" nrenl t.. Quebec for thai put] |, except the oldest daughter Mehitable, who waa 

taken bj •• French busily, and became n much attached t<> thorn that she refused to 


who died 1808. 5th, Joseph, b. Oct. 22, 1728 ; mar. Mary Butler, 
and died Jan. 30, 1808. His widow, born Jan. 30, 1735, died Jan. 
24, 1823, aged 88. 

Jonathan Preble removed from York to Arrowsic on the Kennebec, 
and settled on a farm in the north part of that town in 1726. The 
farm is still owned by his descendants. Sept. 25, 1752, in a deposi- 
tion at Georgetown, Kennebec, about the purchase of land in Kenne- 
bec in 1743 of Robert Temple, he stated he was born in 1694. He 
was a millwright, and repaired or built a mill on Negawasset pond 
and stream, in Woolwich, about 1730-31, for Hutchinson, a large 
proprietor. He was also a farmer and tanner. His descendants live 
in Boothbay, Alna, Edgecomb, and Bowdoinham, Me., and are scat- 
tered up and down the banks of the Kennebec river. 

17-7. Ebenezer, b. March 26, 1698, was accidentally shot when 
twelve years of age by Joseph Moody, a son of old Parson Moody of 
York, who was commonly known as "handkerchief" Moody, from 
his wearing a veil over his face all the later years of his life. 

I am indebted to Alex. Mclntire, Esq., of York, for the following 
account of this accident, which differs materially from the narrative 
in Judge Preble's pamphlet. 

" Abraham Preble lived within fifty rods of the parsonage house, 
and placed his son Eben under the tuition of Rev. Samuel Moody. 

leave them, and married in France. The next daughter, Rebecca, married Thomas Mother- 
well, and died April, 1829. The youngest daughter, Mary, died immarried at the age of 
ninety-six, at Woolwich, in Dec. 1843, retaining her health and mental powers unimpaired 
to the last week of her life. She had a distinct recollection of seeing the battle between 
the armies of Wolfe and Montcalm on the heights of Abraham, and of the capture of 

Gen. Joseph Sewall's History of Bath (Maine Hist. Coll., Vol. II.) has this account of the 
massacre : — 

" In 1756 a strong party of Indians landed on the head of the Island of Arrowsic and 
killed a Mr. Preble and his wife who were out in the field planting corn, and took his son 
and two daughters captives. Mr. P. had a fort or block house there, but so sudden was the 
attack that he could not escape to it. On their return the Indians proceeded to Harnden's 
fort in Woolwich, which was near the Bath ferry, and there took prisoner a Miss Mother- 
well, a relative of their young captives, a girl about eighteen years of age, who happened to 
be without the garrison. One of the children of Mr. Preble whom they seized at Arrowsic 
was an infant, and crying for food as they supposed, they laid it in the lap of the damsel 
they had last taken, and asked her to impart to it the nourishment of a mother. With 
compassion for the helpless infant, she replied she was not a mother. The tears that fell 
from her cheek did not soften the savage breast. He seized the child, and dashing its head 
against a rock, relieved it from further suffering. They carried the other captives to Cana- 
da and sold them as servants. After the cessation of Quebec to the British, their grand- 
father Brigadier General Haranden went to the province, obtained the release of the cap- 
tives and restored them." 

In 1758, Watts's house and one other on the upper end of the island, occupied by Mr. 
Preble, were the only dwelling houses in Arrowsic, all the rest having been destroyed by 
the Indians. 



The Parson's son Joseph and young Prehle were preparing for college, 
and it was the purpose of the parents of the two boys that they should 
enter college at the same time. About 1710, young Preble being 12 
years old, and Joseph Moody 10, Preble found an old rusty horse pistol 
that was thrown by as useless, amongst the rubbish of the house, 
which had been charged with powder and ball perhaps years before. 
The boys procured powder, and to amuse themselves in the absence 
of their instructor, put the powder in the pan and flashed the pistol. 
This amusement was had for several hours, each taking his turn with 
the pistol. At length the pistol went off in the hand of Moody, and 
the ball probably went through the heart of Preble, for he fell, and 
expired without a struggle."* 

* "Moodj' prepared for College, entered, and graduated in 1718 ; studied divinity with his 
father, read law and taught school in York until 172-5, when he was elected Town Clerk, 
and about the same time appointed Register of Deeds, and Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas. It has been said he was a popular man and an able judge. In 1732, a minister was 
wanted In the Second Parish, and his father determined he should relinquish all civil offices 
and become its pastor. The son for some time resisted his father's commands, but at 
length very reluctantly yielded. lie preached for six years to good acceptance, when he left 
the pulpit and put on the veil. During the remainder of his life, which was about sixteen 
years, he passed his time in visiting his parishioners, praying with them, and imparting to 
all classes, particularly the youth, religious instruction. lie also attended their funerals, 
and frequently, after putting on the veil, solemnized marriages. This appears from the 
town records, and as late as 1752 he married the Rev. Jesse Lyman." 

Alex. Mclntire's Letter to G. H. P., Jan. 15, 1851. 

I would here record my indebtedness to Mr. Mclntirc for much valuable information 
concerning the Treble Family, extracted by him from the town records of York, or copied 
by him, for me, from the gravestones of the old burial place at York. May 4, 1850, ho me — "I am aged and in my dotage, but lot that go. lam not quite 77 years old, 
and was able on the 4th of March last to travel on foot seven miles out, in one hour and 
fifty minutes, and returned back in two hours five minutes, the travelling being rough and 
hard." The object of his journey was to take the declaration of an old pensioner, eight- 
een years his senior. 

Judge Treble says the eldest son of Capt. Caleb Treble married Dorothy, the daughter of 
Capt. Alex. Mclntirc, Dec. 24, 1747, and that this Dorothy was the aunt of my correspon- 
dent and of the Hon. RufUS Mclntirc, formerly M. C. York was divided, according to t lie 
Judge, into tWO parishes, the seaboard and interior, and the latter was called Scotland 

Parith, being principally settled by Scots, among the leading men of whom wasaMcIn- 

tire. . It was customary in those early days for the male Inhabitants — the fathers of families 

— to leave their (fastnesses and their Bums on Saturday afternoons, and meet at the cental 
place of business for converse, congratulation and jollification. The nfclntlrea were an 

athletic race, period BOOS Of Anak in their time. On one occasion the people Of Scotland 

Parish and those from other quarters of the town came flocking down to the central place 
of business and trade in York. They got up a grtmd tpn$. The Mclntlre la a peace- 
able, well-disposed fellow, if yon do not chafe him too much. Tut beware how you start 
the Scotch blood. In due time the Scotland people started for home, somewhat excited by 
liberal potations, the fit subjects for a "row." Hiding on together, jostling against each 
other , playing off their tricks, accompanied by coarse jokes, they at length got into a grand 

mrlrc. And to work they went. Tradition has handed down an account of tins battle. 
Bpll poet! of the ilay described the combat. One of the stan/.as runs thus: — 

" Ali'l tlMN «:i4 kOcnm Mel ntir.', 

wuii iii* [rati i ...t ud hand, 
II"' lurk.. i mi. i cull. a Bam Trwlfi j so. 
IK- could uvlthcr go or stand." 


Judge Preble's account is, that Preble and Moody were in the woods 
in pursuit of deer and other wild animals, and having separated to 
make a circuit around a thicket to start game, Moody heard a crack- 
ling and saw the under bushes move as if an animal was making his 
way through them. Instantly without thought he fired, and hasten- 
ing to the spot where he expected to find his game, there lay his friend 
weltering in his blood, and in the agonies of death. He could never 
forgive himself for his precipitancy, and soon after tied over his face a 
black handkerchief, as a veil, which he always wore to his dying day 
— which was the cause of his being called " Handkerchief" Moody. 

The tender age of Ebenezer Preble at the date of his death, renders 
Mr. Mclntire's version the most probable, and other facts given in 
his letter concerning Moody seem to confirm it. 

The tragical death of Preble created a great sensation, and one of 
the poets of the day wrote an elegy which commenced — 

" O lamentable, lamentable, 
Wliat has become of Ebenezer Preble ? " 

18-8. Samuel, b. April 19, 1699 ; mar. Sarah Muchmore, of the 
Isle of Shoals, 1725. 

He was the owner of a handsome estate in that part of York called 
Newtown, where he lived and died. His birth, marriage and death are 
entered on the town records, the latter thus : " Samuel Preble, son 
of Abraham Preble, Esq., deceased, died March 22, 1746, aged 48 
years lacking 27 days." His children were : 

1. Samuel, b. Oct. 7, 1726, who mar. widow Remick, and left 


2. Joseph, b. ; mar. Abigail," dau. of John Preble, 1762, 

and had three sons and a daughter. 

3. Hepzibah, b. Aug. 31, 1739; mar. Samuel Junkins, 1764. 

4. Sarah, b. ; mar. John Weare. 

5. Esaias, b. April 26, 1742 ; mar. Lydia, dau. of Edward In- 

graham, Esq.,* 1766, by whom he had fifteen children, nine 
of whom married and had families. 

In 1775, Esaias was captain of a company of minute-men at Cam- 
bridge ; afterwards member of the convention which ratified the Con- 
stitution of the United States ; again a Representative of the town in 
the State Legislature, and also a Selectman, and Colonel of the 1st 

* " Mr. Ingraham was a native of England, erect in stature and somewhat stately in his 
movements. On one occasion he was tardy at meeting, and came walking up the broad 
aisle in prayer time. Father Moody just at this moment was offering up petitions for the 
granting of this blessing and the pardoning of this and that sin. Seeing Mr. I. walking up 
to his pew, Father M. interlarded in his 'prayer this petition : ' And O, good Lord, among 
thy other dispensations, cure thy servant, who has just entered thine house, of that ungodly 
strut.' " — Judge Preble's Pamphlet* 


Regiment of Militia several years. At his death he lived upon and 
owned a portion of the paternal estate, where had lived and died be- 
fore him, his grandfather and great grandfather, and which by regular 
descent, and the purchasing out of collateral heirs, had always 
remained in and never gone out of the family. 

The descendants of Col. Esaias are widely scattered (1868) in Chi- 
cago, 111. ; East Boston, Mass.; Portsmouth, N. II.; York, Portland, 
and Mount Desert, Me., and in the eastern part of that State. 

The late Hon. William Pitt Preble was the eleventh child and fourth 
son of Col. Esaias. 

Hon. William Pitt Preble, grandson of Samuel (18-8) and Sarah 
Muchmore, great-grandson of Abraham Preble (2-1) and Hannah 
Kelley, and eleventh child of Col. Esaias Preble and Lydia Ingraham, 
was born in Scotland Parish, in the town of York, York County, 
Me., Nov. 27, 1783, and died at his residence on State Street, Port- 
land, Me., Oct. 11, 1857, in the 74th year of his age. He was fitted 
for College by the Rev. Rosewell Messenger, for many years the blind 
preacher, and entering Harvard College in 1802, graduated in 1806. 
He was distinguished in College for his success in mathematics, 
and for his powers of argumentation. ne was elected tutor at 
Harvard in 1809, and while tutor married Miss Nancy Gale Tucker, 
second daughter of Joseph Tucker, the Collector of York. Soon after 
he resigned his place as tutor, and commenced the practice of law in 
his native place, but soon removed to Alfred. In 1813 he was 
appointed U. S. District Attorney for Maine, and removed to Saco, 
and thence in 1818 to Portland, where he ever after resided. He was 
B leading advocate of the separation of Maine from Massachusetts, 
and was a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1819. In 1820 
he was appointed one of the Judges of the Supreme Court, at the or- 
ganization of the State Government, and resigned the office of U. S. 
District Attorney. The decisions of the Court of which he was a 
member, arc contained in Grccnlcaf's Reports, Vols. 1 to 5 inclusive. 
He was the fifth Judge of the name of Preble who occupied the bench 
within the precincts of Maine. In 1829, in conjunction with Hon. 
Albert Gallatin, he was appointed an agent to prepare the case of the 
United Slates before the King of the Netherlands, resigned bis judge- 
ship, and w;is finally appointed by Gen. Jackson Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to the Hagne. His ability in exposing the absurdity of the 
decision of the King of the Netherlands was undoubtedly the cause 
(if the rejection of his award by the U. S. Senate. At the close of 
his foreign mission he returned to the practice of law. In 1882, 
Jadge Preble and the Hon. Nicholas Emery and Hon End Williams 


were Commissioners of the State, and advised a compromise by tak- 
ing lands in Michigan in exchange for lands north of the St. Johns ; 
but the legislature of Maine declined the offer to this effect by the 
General Government. In 1842 he was elected by the legislature 
one of the Commissioners of Maine to arrange the treaty of Washing- 
ton, but never gave his cordial assent to the terms on which the Maine 
boundary question was finally settled. In 1844 Judge P. was called 
upon to assist in urging the importance of railroad connection with 
Montreal, and when his concurrence in the scheme was known it gave 
to it the confidence of the public, and a very large share of credit is due 
to him for its success. His mission to Montreal in the winter of 1845, 
with other gentlemen, was one of the chief means of securing the 
concurrent action on the part of the people and the government of 
Canada ; and his labors were equally efficient and valuable in 1847 in 
securing from the Governor General a decision in favor of a medium 
broad guage. Judge Preble was the first president of the Atlantic and 
St. Lawrence Railroad, but declining a reelection in 1848, he was ten- 
dered a free pass for life to Montreal. His address to the citizens 
of Montreal in 1845, his letter to Sir William E. Gladstone in 1846, 
and his memorial to the Governor General of Canada in 1847, may 
be fairly compared with the ablest state papers of any of his co- 
temporaries. He appeared to the best advantage in the oral argu- 
ment of legal questions. He stated legal propositions with a clear- 
ness and force that was rarely equalled and never surpassed. When 
all his faculties were roused into activity by the excitement of a 
great occasion — the pressure of a crowd or the responsibility of a 
great cause — his mind worked with the greatest ease, and he was 
capable, on such occasions, to throw an argument, that by its 
strength of reasoning, force of illustration and effective eloquence, 
gave him a mastery over others. In 1820 Judge Preble was cho- 
sen one of the Trustees of Bowdoin College, a duty which he 
continued to perform until 1842, when he resigned the trust. In 
1829 that College bestowed upon him the honorary degree of LL.D. 

Judge Preble was one of the most prominent and influential politi- 
cians of the State. He began life as a zealous federalist ; but pre- 
vious to the separation from Massachusetts he veered into the demo- 
cratic ranks, and became as ardent on that side of the question as he 
had before been opposed to it. 

Judge Preble was twice married : first, to Nancy Gale Tucker, who 
died at Portland, Oct. 17, 1849 ; second, to Sarah, daughter of Tho- 
mas Forsaith, of Portland, in 1852 — who survives him and is now 
(1868) living in Cambridge, Mass. 

By his first marriage he had : 


1. Mariana, b. July 30, 1812, who married 1st, Stephen Longfel- 
low, Jr., and had : 

1. Stephen, b. . 

2. Ellen, b. . 

3. Henry W., b. . 

4. William Pitt, b. . 

She m. 2d, I. F. Fuller, 1850. 

2. William, b. 1814 ; died 1816. 

3. Nancy Tucker, b. Nov. 28, 1816; married Capt. Robert Allen, 

U. S. A., ; died 1846, leaving one son, Robert Allen, b. 

1841, d. 1862, unmarried. 

4. William Pitt, b. April 19, 1819 ; m. Harriet M. T. Mussey, dan. 

of John Mussey, Esq., July 1, 1846. He is a resident of 
Portland, Clerk of the U. S. District Court, and Member of 
the Society of the Cincinnati, also a prominent Mason. 

Their children are : 

1. Edith, b. March, 1848 ; d. Nov. 1848. 

2. John Mussey, b. Dec. 19, 1850 ; d. Nov. 4, 1851. 

3. Henry, b. April 25, 1853. 

4. William Pitt, b. Oct. 1, 1854. 

5. Wallace, b. Aug. 17, 1857. 

6. Earnest, b. June 5, 1860. 

By his second marriage Judge Preble had one son Edward, b. at 
Portland, 1855, and now (1868) living with his mother in Cambridge, 



Rachel Preble was born 1643, and married Joseph Carline, March 
28, 1059, when but sixteen years of age. The record of her marriage 
is on the Probate Record at Alfred ; but I can find no other record of 
her, or whether she had children. Her line may be considered as run 



Joseph Preble, second son of the eommon ancestor, resided in York. 
There ifl no record of the date of his birth, marriage or death ; but he 

had a son Joseph (19-1), who was born in 1(591. March 30, 1<'>77, 

.' ph Preble of York had purchased from Richard Wood certain 

real estate situated iii York j and July 1st, 171-, purehased land of 
Abraham Preble (28 I |, as appears by the deeds recorded ; also from 
Job Avery, Oct. B, LT18. 


III. Joseph Preble (19-1), grandson of Abraham and Judith. 

Born 1691 ; married, 1st, Bethiah Payne, who died May 19, 1724 ; 
and 2d, Anna Payne, who died Nov. 11, 1725, daughters of Thomas 
Payne of Newcastle. Ho died April 25, 1732. 

His will, dated April 24, the day before his death, was proved, 
approved and allowed May 10, 1732. He appointed his wife Ann his 
executrix, and his trusty friends Samuel Came and Joseph Moody, 
Esqs., and Samuel Millbury, to be overseers, to counsell and advise his 
executrix. The following is a copy of his will : 

Kn tlje name Of (Kotr, ^mtll. I Joseph Pribble of York in the 
County of York in the Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New Eng- 
land, being sick of body but as yet, Blessed be God, of sound mind 
and memory, do make this my last Will and Testament in manner 
following. First and above all I commit my soul into the hands of 
God my Maker and Redeemer, and my body to the Earth to be de- 
cently burried by my Executrix hereafter mentioned, and then as to 
my Worldly Estate which a bountiful God has graciously given me, I 
dispose of it in manner following, 

Imjjriinis. I give and bequeath unto my loving and faithful wife 
Ann Prible one third part of my Personall Estate forever, and the 
improvement of one third part of my Real Estate during her natural 
life, she acquitting all Interest in that two hundred pounds heretofore 
given to my five children which I had by my former wife. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my five Elder children, viz., Han- 
nah, Mary, Nehemiah, Elizabeth and Bithiah two hundred pounds, 
equally to be divided among them, and to be forthwith paid out of my 
Bonds, and to be improved for their best advantage by the advise of 
my Overseers hereafter named, and to be delivered to them at the 
time of marriage or sooner as my s d Overseers shall think best. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my eldest son Nehemiah a full 
double portion of my whole estate not herein before disposed of, to be 
taken in land as the estate shall be appraised by three Indeferent men 
to be appointed by my overseers. Fifty acres of his s d double portion 
to be set of to him when he shall come to be of the age of twenty one 
years, and to lye on the Southwest side of my homestead adjoining 
Mr. Stone's land, to begin at the end next the sea thirty poles in 
breadth, and so to run back the same breadth till fifty acres be com- 
pleated, to be then appraised as afores d . 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my son Joseph Preble one full 
portion or share and an half share of all my Estate to be taken in lands 
and to be sett of to him when he shall come of the age of 21 years. 

Item. I will and bequeath unto each of my Daughters one full 
share or equall portion of my estate, twenty pounds thereof to be 
paid to each of them by my Executrix at y e age of Eighteen years or 
time of marriage, and the residue when my youngest child if a son 
shall be of the age of 21 years, and if a daughter of the age of eight- 
een years. 

Item. My will is that all my children be brought up out of my 
Estate, the Sons till they come to y c age of twenty one years, and 
the Daughters to the age of eighteen years or time of marriage. 


Item. It is my will that if the child with which my wife now goeth 
should be a son, he shall have an equall share with my son Joseph, 
that is one full share and an half of my estate to be taken in lands 
when he comes of age as afores d . 

Item. It is my will that if either of my sons shall se cause to sell 
his land herein bequeathed or any part thereof, his Brother or Breth- 
erin shall have the refusall at the price that three Indeferent men 
shall then value it at, but they shall sell to no other Person whatso- 

Item. It is my will that my sons shall have liberty to take that 
part of land to be allotted to their Sisters which shall be most conve- 
nient to them Respectively, they paying to their Sisters within three 
years what the same shall be appraised at when the rest of my Estate 
is appraised as aforesaid, but if my sons shall refuse to purchase the 
same as aforesaid, then their Sisters shall dispose of the same as they 
see cause. 

Item. It is my will that all the lands herein bequeathed to my sons 
as aforesaid, or that shall be sold one to the other as afores d , shall 
desend to the heirs mail of their bodys lawfully begotten for ever, and 
in failure of Heirs male, then to = equally divided among the Females 
lawfully begotten as afores d . 

Bern. It is my will that my well beloved wife Ann Prible be, and 
I do hereby appoint her to be the sole Executrix of this my last will 
and Testament. 

Item. I do hereby nominate and appoint my Trusty friends Sam 1 
Came and Joseph Moody Esq" and Mr. Sam 1 Milbury to be the Over- 
seers to counccll and advise my Executrix with respect to the execu- 
tion of this my last Will and Testament, and to end all deferences 
that may arise relating to the true intent and meaning of this my last 
Will and Testament, and any clause or article therein, and if either of 
my s (l Overseers should Dye, then I do desire and empower the two 
survivors to appoint another in his stead, and the determination of 
the said Overseers, or any two of them, I do hereby order to be a 
final end ofy c s d disputes relating to the premises. 

Lastly. I do hereby revoke any former will by me made. I do 
hereunto set my hand and seal April 24th, 1732. 

Signed, Scaled, Published, pronounced and declared by Joseph 
Preble above named as his last Will and Testament. The words Yeo- 
man, my, forthwith, whole, before, equall to each of, on the first 
page, and on this page the words or, Bretherin, respectively, to be, 
shall, or thai shall be sold by one to y 1 ' other as afores d , interlined, 
and five whole lines on this page obliterated before signing in pre- 
sence of us, 

John Sayward, 

Allll.t. (J 001) WIN. 

Sam'i. Black, 

Juiin MlLBUBY. 


Tin- foregoing Will was presented by Ann Preble and approved by 
the Hon. John wheelwright, Judge of Probate, May loth, 1732. 
Recorded in Vol. 1, pages 113 I I , 

By Charles Frost, Register. 


His estate was valued at £2613 15 6 — a large estate for those 
days. He appears to have been a mercantile man, as on the inventory 
there is a sloop valued at £60 ; half of another, £1*10 ; money at in- 
terest, £12 11. ; outstanding bonds, £698 15 ; besides other conside- 
rable dues, and 200 cords of wood on the bank. 

The posthumous child provided for in the will was born on the 18th 
of June following his father's death, was named Timothy, and died 
in 1735, when three years old. 

By his two wives he had nine children, viz. : By his first wife 
Bethiah : 

1. Hannah, b. Sept. 2, 1714 ; m. Joseph Cole. 

2. Mary, b. March 1, 1716. 

3. Nehemiah, b. March 16, 1718 ; m. Sarah Howard of Marble- 
head, Dec. 29, 1739. 

4. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 23, 1719; m. Samuel Donnell, 1740. 

5. Bethiah, b. Feb. 8, 1723 ; m. Geo. Iugraham, Feb. 8, 1739. 

By his second wife Anna he had — 

6. Miriam, b. Dec. 21, 1726 ; m. Joseph Parsons. 

7. Joseph, b. April 10, 1728 ; d. Sept. 28, 1735, aged 7 years. 

8. Anna, b. Jan. 15, 1730. 

9. Timothy, b. June 18, 1732 ; d. 1735, aged 3 years. 

Of all these, Nehemiah was the only son who arrived at maturity 
and married, and I can find no record of his having had children. 

Of the daughters, Mrs. Cole had three sons and six daughters. Mrs. 
Donnell had four sons and one daughter. Mrs. Ingraham had two 
daughters, and Mrs. Parsons nine sons and three daughters. 

There are no known living descendants of Joseph Preble (4-3) of 
the name of Preble, and his line may be said to be run out. 



Stephen Preble, third son of the common ancestor, resided in York. 
The date of his birth is not recorded, but he must have been born 
about 1645 or '46. He died about 1695 or '96. He married Rachel, 
daughter of John Main, who survived him and married Joseph Carlisle 
in 1697, and had children by the latter. In 1714 she administered upon 
Stephen Preble's estate. In her account she charges for bringing up 
the children, viz.: Rachel, 3 years ; Jemima, 4£ years; Stephen, 7 
years. The words of the decree of the Judge in the settlement of her 
account for the bringing up of the children are — 

"Yorkss. July 6, 1714. Rachel Preble, Administratrix on the 
estate of the aforesaid Stephen Preble, and Joseph Carlisle her present 
husband, personally appeared, &c. 


The inventory was made full in 1724, and again in 1121, for the 
purpose of dividing among the heirs. Among the articles in the 
Inventory was a "punch bole," "a pair of snow shoes," a "negro 
girl," " sum boards," &c. 

From the birth of Stephen by the first marriage, Jan. 18, 1693, to 
the settling of accounts, July, IT 14, is 21£ years, the proper time to 
settle them when the youngest child had arrived at age. 

Children of Stephen Preble (5-4) and Rachel Main, 
III. Grandchildren of Abraham and Judith. 

20-1. Rachel, b. Feb. 28, 1688 ; mar. Nathaniel Preble (24-2). 

21-2. Jemima, b. March 6, 1691 ; mar. Eleazer Rhodes, of Dor- 
chester, Mass. 

22-3. Stephen, b. Jan. 15, 1693; mar. Hannah Weare, dau. of 
Joseph Weare, of York. 

IV. The Children of Stephen Preble (22-3) and Hannah Weare : 

1. Stephen, b. May 23, 1724, and died an infant. 

2. Hannah, b. April 29, 1725. 3. Lydia, May 14, 1727. 

4. Stephen, b. July 1, 1729. 5. Peter, Jan. 26, 1730 ; m. Abigail 

6. Phebe, b. Oct. 10, 1736. 

Of these Peter, known as Preble " of Longsands," was the only one 
•who married and continued the name in his descendants. Peter mar. 
Abigail Pettcs, Aug. 25, 1770, and had eight children, between 1771 
and 1787, viz. : 

1. Stephen, b. 1771. 

2. Abigail, b. 1773. 

3. Olive, b. 1775 ; m. Benj. Lucas. 

4. Jane, b. 1777. 
6. Obadiah, b. 1779. 

6. Kadmcil, b. 1781. 

7. Francis, b. 1784. 

8. Lavinia, b. 1787; m. Timothy Donnel. 

Francis, b. Sept. 10, 1781, grandson of Peter, was living in York in 
lsf)ii, and had a brother living in Weld, Franklin Co., Maine, and 
another brother in Massachusetts. These arc all the known living 
descendants of this branch of the common ancestors bearing the name 
of Preble. 




Nathaniel Preble, fourth son of the common ancestor, was born, and 
baptized in the Second Church, in Scituate, 1648, while his mother 
was on a visit to her relatives there. He was & farmer, and but little 
else is known concerning him. From the recorded birth of his son 
Abraham in York, 1673, it is evident he was married when 23 or 24 
years of age, but his wife's name and the date of their marriage has 
not come down to us. Nor is the date of his death known. 

23-1. Abraham, b. 1673. 

24-2. Nathaniel, b. ; m. Rachel Preble (20-1), d. of Stephen 

(5-4). They lived in Salem, as appears by a deed dated 

March 19, 1719. 
25-3. Joshua, b. ; m. . 

"Dec. 2, 1U3. Nath'l Preble and Joshua Preble, sons of Nath'l 
Preble, deceased, " convey " to their eldest brother, Abraham Preble, 
Jun.," their interest in the estate of their said father. (See York Go. 
Records, at Alfred, vol. xii. p. 63.) 

III. Abraham Preble (23-1), son of Nathaniel Preble (6-5) and 

, and grandson of Abraham and Judith. 

Abraham (23-1), son of Nathaniel (6-5), was born 1673, and after 
the death of his uncle "the great" Abraham, in 1114 (whose daugh- 
ter Mary (11-1) was his fourth wife), he succeeded to his uncle's in- 
fluence and honors, as is shown by this inscription on the head-stone 
over his grave in York : 

" Here lies buried y e body of Mr. Abrm Preble Esq r and Capt u in 
y e town and judge in y e County of York, he served his country in 
other various posts and at y e time of his death, which was on March 
14, 1723, in y e 50 th year of his age, he sustained no less than nine 
offices of honor and public trust for the towu, county and province." 

There is extant no regular record of the choice of Town officers for 
York until 1701, when Abraham Preble was Town Clerk. The whole 
of page 469, Vol. I., of the York Records is filled with marriages 
by Abraham Preble, recorded in his hand writing. 

In 1715, John Wheelwright of Wells, Sir William Pepperrell of 
Kittery, and Abraham Preble of York, were appointed Judges of the 
Court of Common Pleas. He was the third Judge Abraham Preble. 

Abraham Preble, Nov. 14, 1718, conveyed to Jonathan Preble, of 
York, millwright, his interest in real estate in North Yarmouth, for- 
merly owned by John Cousens, " which now doeth of right unto the 
said Abraham Preble as he now stands related unto the estate of Mary 
Say ward, dec d viz., in the first place by marrying with Sussana Say- 
ward, a grandchild of ye said Mrs. Sayward, and after Dec d , by mar- 
rying with Mary Preble another grandchild of s' 1 Mrs. Sayward, also 


what may of right belong unto the said Abram Preble after the de- 
cease of Mrs. Mary Plaisted, the mother of said Sussana, and after 
the death of Mrs. Hannah Preble, the mother of said Mary Preble." 

He was four times married. His first wife's name is not known, 
or whether he had children by her, but probably none, as Aug. 9, 
1694, when but 21 years old, he married, 2d, Mary, dau. of Samuel 
Bragden, of York, by whom he had : 

1. Mary, b. Feb. 17, 1695 ; mar. Joseph Plaisted, 1724. 

2. Hannah, b. May 13, 1697. 

His third wife was Susanna, dau. of John Sayward, of York, by 
whom he had : 

3. Edivard (known as Capt. Edward), b. August 23, 1702; mar. 

Hannah, dau. of Lieut. D. Simpson, 1723. 

4. Nathaniel, born April 8, 1704, who was " scalded to death." 

There is entered on the York records as children " by his fourth 
wife, Mary, dau. of Abraham Preble, Esq." (the dates of their birth 
not being on the record) : 

5. Susanna, b. , who died young. 

6. Humility, b. ; mar. Abram Nowell, Nov. 29, 1736. 

7. Abraham, b. ; died young 

8. William, b. ; married Thomas Donald, July 5, 1739. 

9. Susanna, 2d, b. . 

10. Paul, b. and died an infant. 

11. Paul, 2d, b. . 

12. Hepzibah, b. ; married Grecnleaf. 

13. Joseph, b. May 7,4722. 

14. Ebcnezer, b. . 

15. Abraham, b. 1723, a posthumous son, who died an infant, 

March 25, 1727. 

Mary Preble, his widow, married again some time after his death. 
Her second husband's name was Nowell. Of the fifteen children of 
Abraham (23-1), " Capt. Edivard," his son by Susanna his third wile, 
was the only male who arrived at man's estate. He married, and had 
children to carry on the family name of Nathaniel Preble. 

The oamea and dates of birth of his children, all entered on the 
Tori Records, were: — 

1. Nathaniel, b. Jan. :), L724 ; in. Sarah Bragdon, April 23, 17 17. 

ami had three sons ami six daughters. 
*-*. Edward, b. Feb. 5, L726 ; m. Joanna ting, Feb. 13, 1767. 
3. Ebenezer, b. June LI, L728; m. Martha Moulton, Nov. 7, 1752, 

and had lour sons and two daughters. 
I Susanna, b. Jan. 17. L780. 
5. Abraham, b. Sept. is 17.:::, and died in infancy. 
o. Abraham, b. Jan. 1 4, 1789 } m. Abigail Oilman, Sept. 10, 1768 


Of the daughters, Mary Plaisted is known to have had a son and 
daughter, viz. : 1. Sarah, b. 1725 ; 2. James, b. 1728. m Humility No- 
well had three sons, viz. : 1. Samuel, b. 1739 ; 2. Abraham, b. 1742 ; 
3. Nathaniel, b. 1744. 

In the division of the town lands in 1732, "Capt. Edward" had 
eight shares. 

Nathaniel, son of Capt. Edward, born 1724, and who removed to 
Sullivan, Maine, in 1762, left nine children, viz. : 

1. Mary. 

2. John, m. Lydia Ingalls, 1787, had four sons and five daughters. 

3. Nathaniel, d. unm. 

4. Sarah, d. unm. 

5. Samuel, mar. Tabitha Preble, dau. of Benj. P. of York, and 

had nine children. 

6. Hannah, d. unm. 

7. Susan, m. John Hammond. 

8. Lucy, in. H. Beane. 

9. Miriam. 

Ebenezer, b. 1728, left six children, viz. : 1. Edward, m. Susan 
Jenkins; 2. Abraham ; 3. Jedidiah, m. Myley Hatler; 4. Nathaniel; 
5. Hannah, m. Elijah B ; 6. Olive, m. Ingalls. 

In 1850, George and Jedidiah, sons of Edward, and William, Josiah 
and Jeremiah, who were sons of the Jedidiah last named, and all de- 
scendants from Capt. Edward, were living in York. John, a 
brother of Jedidiah, was living in Penobscot Co. There were also 
at that time living in York, Charles, Washington, and Andrew, de- 
scendants from Capt. Edward ; and through their great-grandmother 
Tabitha Preble, from Benjamin (8-7), the son of Abraham and Judith. 



John Preble, fifth son and sixth child of the common ancestor, was 

born 1650, and married Hannah . By an old mutilated record, 

it appears that at a Court of Sessions, held March, 1689, John Preble 
was at that time a grand juror. He died probably early in 1695, at 
the age of 45, as his estate was administered upon by Abraham Pre- 
ble in that year, and there is record of the death of his widow August 
19, 1695. His death may have been earlier, and his estate not set- 
tled until the death of his widow, as the caption to the inventory of 
his estate reads, " An inventory of the estate of John Preble deceased, 
which his widow Hannah Preble had in her possession when she deceased, 
August 19th, 1695." Lieut. Abraham Preble made oath to the inven- 
tory January 7, 1695-6. He left but one child, a daughter : 

26-1. Hannah, b. , who mar. Col. Donnell. 

The name of Preble was not continued in his line. 





t Benjamin Preble was 

cwi^yj /ZSl'yM?'^' /? n born ab °ut 165t ; marri- 
&-TVICA CLT/l e j when about 40 years 


^y 6 v sjTSpr of age, Mary Baston, dau. 
\s of Thomas Baston, and 

died at York, March 25, 
1732, in his 75th year. 
The maiden name of 

<^S ^f Benjamin Preble's wife is 

obtained from the record of a deed, Book 12 of York County Records, 
to wit : 

" York, July 14, 1726. These presents witnesseth that I Benja- 
min Preble of York, have received of my Brother Gersham Baston 
money in full satisfaction for my wife Mary, the Legacies due to her 
of all the estate which was my Father's, Thomas Baston's, that is to 
sa3 r , the land and meadow I Mary Preble and Benjamin Preble have 
sold all for forty shillings paid in hand." 

August 19, 1727, the deposition of Benjamin Preble is recorded, in 
which he testifies " that he is aged about seventy years," and " that 
fifty years ago, or thereabouts, he wrought for his Brother Abraham 
Preble, Esq., deceased, in a field where Benjamin Stone now dwells 
and improves." 

There are several conveyances of real estate to and from Benjamin 
Preble on the Records. 

Very little more is known of the youngest son of the common 
ancestors beyond the recorded birth of his two eldest children, 
Jadah and John, in the York Records ; and his icill, which mentions 
his surviving children, viz., John, Hannah, Judith, Abigail and Jedi- 
diah, and which is recorded in the Probate Records of York County, 
at Alfred, Vol. IV., as follows : 

Ktl tl)C name Of <£uTl, SdllM. I Benjamin Preble of York, 
in the County of fork, in the Province of the Massachusetts in 
New England, being of sound mind and memory, do make this my 
lasl will and testament, this sixteenth day of December in the year <»f 
Our Lord 17-.">. First and above all I commend my spirit unto God 

thai gave it as a faithful Creator and my merciful lather in Jesus 
Christ, and then 1 eoinmit mv body to the dust, decently to be buried 
by my exeoutrii hereafter earned, in hope of a glorious Resurrection 
to Life Eternal. Ami as for my worldly estate which God has gra- 
ciously given, 1 dispose of it in manner following, after my debts and 
funeral oo I is paid. 

i nature t" nla trill, 

t Facsimile of hex vlgnataxv to a deed, 1789. 


Imprimis. I give my beloved wife Mary Preble (besides her thirds 
according to the laws of the Province) the use of one half of my 
Dwelling House and barn and orchard, during her natural life, and 
if she shall need it to have the use of the whole Dwelling House. 

Item. I having already given unto my eldest son John all my 
land at Sciluate in York, and the one half of my part in the saw mill 
there, I do give him or confirm to him the other half of my part in 
said mill after the decease of myself and wife. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my three daughters, Hannah, 
Judith and Abigail, Ten pounds each ; Thirty pounds the whole, to 
be paid by my youngest son Jedidiah. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my said youngest son Jedidiah, 
all my homestead land, Dwelling House, Barn and Orchard,* together 
with my whole stock of cattle, sheep, &c, after his mother's de- 

I also give and bequeath to my said son Jedidiah all that my Thirty 
acre Grants, which lyeth above my home place, towards Scituate, 
between the land of James Grant and the land of Joseph Bean. 

And further I give and bequeath unto my said youngest son Jedi- 
diah all my ten acre lots Fresh meadow lying on the Brook which runs 
through Joseph Bragdens and Joseph Weare's meadow about a mile 
above said Bragdens and Weare's meadow. 

Finally, I make and constitute my wife aforesaid the sole Executrix 
of this my last will and testament. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day 
and year above written. 


Signed, sealed and delivered, published, pronounced 
and declared by Benjamin Preble abovesaid to be his 
last will and testament, in presence of 

Nathaniel Leeman, 
Mary Leeman, 
Samuel Moody. 
York, ss. 

At a Court of Probate held at Wells in said County, 
October 11, 1732, 

The within written will being presented by Mrs. Mary Preble, Ex- 
ecutrix in the same will named, the Eeverend Mr. Samuel Moody and 
Mrs. Mary Leeman personally appearing made oath that they were 
present and did see Benjamin Preble within named sign and seal and 
heard him pronounce and declare the within written instrument to be 
his last will and testament, and that he was then of a sound disposing 
mind to the best of their discovering, and that they with Nathaniel 
Leeman signed the same at the same time as witnesses thereto in the 
Testator's presence, and I do accordingly allow and approve of the 


Judge Probate. 

* These in 1729, three years previous to his death, he deeded to him " for and in consid- 
eration of the natural loye he bore him." (See Deed.) 



Recorded from the original and compared, 

By Charles Frost, Register. 

* COUHT. ^ 

John Wheelwright, Esquire, Judge of Probate of Wills 
and for Granting Letters of Administration on the 
estate of Persons deceased having goods, chattels, 
rights or credits in the County of York within the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 

To whom all these Presents shall come, Greeting : 

Know ye, That upon the day of the date hereof at Wells, in the 
County aforesaid, the will of Benjamin Preble late of said York in the 
County aforesaid deceased to these presents annexed was proved, 
approved and allowed, who having while he lived and at the time of 
his death, goods, chattels, rights and credits in the County aforesaid, 
and the said will and power of committing administration of all and 
singular the goods, chattels, rights and credits of the said deceased 
and his last will in any manner concerning is hereby committed 
unto Mary Preble, Executrix, in the same will named, well and 
faithfully to execute the said will and to administer the estate of the 
said deceased according thereunto and to make a just and perfect 
Inventory of all and singular the goods, chattels, rights and credits 
of the said deceased ; and to exhibit the same into the Registry of the 
Court of Probate for the County aforesaid at or before the 17th day 
of January next ensuing, and also to render a plain and true account 
of your said administration upon oath. 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and the seal of 
the said Court of Probate. 

Dated at Wells the 17th day of October, Anno Domini 1732. 

Chas. Frost, Register. > 

(Recorded from original.) j 

A true and perfect Inventory of all and singular tlie goods, chattel.-*, 
rights and credits of Benjamin Preble late of York deceased, taken 
and apprized by us the subscribers, by order of the Hon. John Wheel- 
IB right, Esquire, Judge of Probate. Dated at York the bth of May, 
1732, as folloivelh : — 

To 3 platters, 1 1 plates, .... 
" 2 iron puts, 2 pr. pot hooks and trammels, 
" earthen ware, 8s. ; one pr. tongs, .'5 guns, 
" 1 warming pan, 1 skillet, 
" wearing clothes, . r > pounds ton shillings, 
" old Iron, LOs. ; l chair, L2s., 

" 1 clevis, 6S. : 70keB ami staples, 

" 2 old axes, 8s. ; u ten ware, -is., 

" wheels & cards ami <> pounds flax, 

" yarn, 1 8s. ; wool, .'!s. ; l plough, Bs., 

" i yoke "f oxen, 

" 1 pair steers, ..... 

" 1 cows, ...... 

" l heifer, 1 1 ; l hone, £9 j mare, £2, 

" - ll"l - s<'S, ...... 




. 2 






. 2 





. . 5 


















. 2 1 





. ::-J 






. It 















To 6 sheep, 5 lambs, 3 hogs, £11, 
" 1 grindstone, . 

To bed and bedding, 

£161 06 00 
York, May 5th, 1132. 

York, ss., May 10, 1732. 
Messrs. Joseph Moulton, James Grant and Jonathan Bean person- 
ally appeared before me the subscriber, Judge of the Probate of Wells, 
&c., for the County of York, and made oath that they apprized the 
several articles within mentioned at the just value according to the 
best of their judgment. Mrs. Mary Preble, Executrix to the within 
estate, personally appearing and made oath that they apprized the 
several articles within mentioned or all the estate she knows of be- 
longing to the within named Benjamin Preble her late husband dec'd, 
and if anything more shall hereafter come to her knowledge she will 
give it into the Register's Office. 

John Wheelwright. 
Recorded from the original and compared by 

Chas. Frost, Beg'r. 

It appears from the following deed of gift, that Benjamin Preble, 
six years subsequently to his signing his will, and three years before 
his death,' gave to Jedidiah, his youngest son, the land he had be- 
queathed to him in his will dated Dec. 16, 1723. 

IfcttOto all mm fig tfteSC presents, That I Benjamim Preble of 
York in the County of York, in New England, Yeoman, for and in con- 
sideration of that natural love and affection which I have and do bear 
unto my well beloved son, Jedidiah Preble of York aforesaid, Husband- 
man, have given and granted, by these Presents do for me and ray 
heirs, executors and administrators freely, fully and absolutely give 
and grant unto my said son Jedidiah Preble, his heirs and assigns for- 
ever, the several tracts of Land and meadow hereafter mentioned, viz. : 

All that my homeplace whereon I now live, containing about Thirty 
acres more or less, bounded South Easterly by the lane that leads up 
to Scituate so-called, South Westerly and Westerly by the County 
Road, North Westerly by the mill Creek, North Easterly by the land 
of Lieut. John Sayward. Also One Tract of Land containing Forty 
acres by estimation, more or less, lying on the South East side of the 
Pall mill Brook, bounded as is expressed in a return for the same in 
York town book page 113, also the moiety or half part of Twenty 
acres of meadow, lying to the North East of Cape 'Neddock Pond, 
which was laid out in Partnership between me and my son-in-law 
Rowland Young,* bounded as is described in a return of the same in 
page 386, of said Town Book : Together with my Dwelling House and 
Barn and all the appurtenances, privileges and comodities to the said 
Lands and meadow belonging or in any wise appertaining (always 
excepting and retaining and reserving to myself the whole use, im- 

* Husband of Hannah Preble. 


provement and Income of all the Premises and every part thereof 
during my natural life). To have and to hold the said granted Premi- 
ses with the appurtenances, To him the said Jedidiah Preble his 
heirs and assigns forever : To his and their only proper use, benefit and 
behoof (after my decease) forever without any manner of condition, 
redemption or revocation whatever (except as above excepted). In 
witness whereof I the said Benjamin Preble have hereunto set my 
hand and seal this nineteenth day of September, in the third year of the 
reign of our Sovereign Lord George the second, Anno Domini 1729. 


Signed, Sealed and Delivered in 
Presence of us 

Samuel Came, 
Jonathern Young. 

York ss. Novemb r 5, 1729. Recorded Lib 13, Fol 8 146 of York 
County Reed for Deeds, &c. Att r — Jos Moody, Reg r . 

York ss. Septmber the 24 th , 1729, Bengmen Prebel persnel apered 
be foer me the subscriber and Exknowleg this instrument to be Ilis 
act and deed. Samuel Came, Jus: Pes. 

Children of Benjamin and Mary Preble, (8-7), 
III. Grandchildren of Abraham and Judith. 

27-1. Judah, b. Feb. 9, 1679, at York, Me. ; d. before his father, 

28-2. John, b. Nov. 26, 1699, at York, Me. ; m. Dec. 21, 172-1, 

Hannah Young. 
29-3. Hannah, b. 1701, at York, Me. ; m. Rowland Young. 
30-4. Judith, b. 1703, at York, Me. ; m. 1734, Samuel Goodwin. 
31-5. Abigail, b. 1705, at York, Me. 

32-6. Jedidiah, b. 1707, at York, Mc. ; m. 1st, March 21, 1733, 
M.nHia Junkins ; m. 2d, May 9, 1754, Mchitablc Bangs ; 
d. March 11, 1784, at Falmouth, Me. 

Grandchildren of Bexjamin and Mary. 
I \ . Children of John Preble (28-2), and IIann mi Young. 

1. Tabitha, ». Nov. 7, 1725. 

2. Jedidiah, b. Deo. 16, l tut. 

8. Abigail, b. Nov., 1729 ; in. Joseph Preble, May 29, 1762, son 
of Samuel. 

1 ly.lia, 1). Dec. 20, 1781, 

5. Benjamin, i». Nov. m, it:;::; m. Joanna Bean, Sept. \-, I7t'»i. 
»;. Mercy, b. April 22, 1788, 

7. Hannah, b. Feb. 17, 1711. 


IV. Children of Judith Preble (30-4) and Samuel 


1. Benjamin, b. Nov. 6, 1735. Had a family and removed to 

Kittery, Me. 

2. Amaziah, b. April 22, 1739.* 

IV. Children of Jedidiah Preble (32-6) and Martha 
Junkins, his first wife. 

All born in York, Me. 

1. Jedidiah, b. ; m. Avis Phillips, of Boston ; d. . 

2. John, b. 1742; m. Sarah Frost, of Machias, Nov., 1783; 

d. Dec. 3, 1787. 

3. Lucy, b. ; m. Jonathan Webb, of Boston, Jan., 

1763; d. . 

4. Samuel, b. ; d. in the West Indies, unm. 

5. William, b. ; went to sea and never heard from ; unm. 

Children of his second wife, Mehitable Bangs. 
All born in Falmouth, Me. 

6. Martha, b. Nov. 18, 1754; m. Thomas Oxnard, Jan. 17, 

1772 ; d. Oct. 16, 1824. 

f 1st, Dorcas Ilsley, Oct. 7, 1781. 

7 Ebenpzer b Ane- 15 1757- m J 2d ' Mai 7 Derb y» June 14, 1785. 

7. J^benezer, b. Aug. 15, 1707, m. ^ ^ Betsey Derb ^ June> m5 

{ 4th, Abigail Torrey, . 

d. April, 1817. 

8. Joshua, b. Nov. 28, 1759; m. Hannah Cross, of Newbury- 

port ; d. Nov. 4, 1803. 

9. Edward, b. Aug. 15, 1761 ; m. Mary Deering, of Portland, 

March 17, 1801 ; d. Aug. 25, 1807. 

10. Enoch, b. July 2, 1763 ; m. Sally Cross, of Gorham, Me., Sept. 

14, 1800 ; d. Sept. 28, 1842. 

11. Statira, b. Jan. 3, 1767 ; m. Richard Codman, of Portland, 

Sept. 10, 1789 ; d. Aug. 15, 1796. 

12. Henry, b. Jan. 24, 1770 ; m. Frances Wright, of Stafford, Staf- 

fordshire, Eng., Dec. 11, 1794 ; d. Dec. 25, 1825. 

* The following story of Amaziah Goodwin was narrated to me by Mr. Alexander Mc- 
Intire, as he had often heard it told when a boy. " In 1801 Maj. Derby was elected to the 
Legislature. After his election, he invited a number of his constituents to a public house to 
drink wine with him. Among the number was Joshua Grant, who had been a Sergeant 
in his company in 1775, and who related the following story : — He, Grant, and Amaziah 
Goodwin were Sergeants in a company of Volunteers raised by Capt. Derby. The regiment 
to which the company was attached was commanded by Col. Scammon of Saco. On its 
arrival in the vicinity of Boston, the regiment was stationed near the line between Cam- 
bridge and Charlestown, and not far from where Joseph Barren's house stood. It was 




Sarali Preble was born somewhere about 1659, and was yet in her 
infancy at the death of her father. She had a still younger sister, 

Mary (10-9), who died unmarried. She married Henry Coombs, , 

and died Oct. 25, 1724, aged about 65 years. Henry Coombs died 
Feb. 10, 1725, aged about 80, and was therefore fifteen years her 

Before her marriage she gave birth to a son whom she called Zebu- 
Ion. She not only acknowledged this son, but insisted upon his hav- 
ing her maiden name, "Preble." Hence his descendants are said 
to have obtained the name of Preble by " reputation. " It is not 
known whether Henry Coombs was the father of her child, or whether 
she had other children after her marriage. In the course of time her 
son became a man, married Hannah, daughter of Philip Welch, and in 
turn becoming the father of a family, and to evince his love and affec- 
tion for his mother, gave to his eldest child the name of Sarah. 

there stationed to prevent the enemy's boats landing from the ships-of-war which lay in the 
vicinity of Charles river. 

'' When a brisk and incessant filing was heard from Breed's Hill on the morning of the 
17th of June, 177 ">, the regiment was held in readiness to inarch, and every moment orders 
were expected to inarch to Charlestown heights. Time passed, the firing increased, but no 
orders came ; at length Sergeant Goodwin, from bis great anxiety to be with the comba- 
tants, re [nested Cant Derby to permit him, with a few volunteers from the company, to 
march to the heights. Derby refused, telling him all wonld soon have to march. Again 
Goodwin asked, and to go alone, and was bo earnest and Importunate that Derby consented 
to his going provided he conld obtain the consent of Col. Bcammon. Goodv* In sought the 
Colonel, and would not leave him till he obtained his written permit, and was Instructed 

by the Colonel, If he succeeded in reaching Onr lines, to Bay CoL Bcammon was waiting 
orders tO march. On hit return to ('apt. Derby, highly delighted With hi- success, Joshua 

Oram asked the Captain's permission to let him accompany Goodwin, which as they were 
neighbors and particular friends, he granted, bnl would allow no other man to leave the 

•• it was not long before the two friends wen' on the battle ground. Before reaching the 
rhen nveral rods distant from the American entrenchments, Goodwin received ■ 
musket Kail in the neck, winch nearly broughl him to the ground. As he recovered hint- 
s' it. Grant asked If he was wounded. Goodwin replied that he did not know, but on unty- 
ing his n : rchief, he found the ball buried In the knot which fastened it to hi- nek. 
Tin > then both went Into the lines, ana then remained, using their muskets, and were 
among the last that left the MIL" 

in 1819, Mi. ftfclntirc mad it a declaration for the purpose of obtaining a pen-ion foe, u ho then r. hit. .1 to him the same story, and added : " Goodwin has gone, and donl 

n i ■ pen-ion. if he had had command ofScammon's regiment, 'tis my opinion tint the 

British would not have gained po ss es s i on of Bunker's Hill." This was the opinion of ■ 
Don commissioned offli i r, who probablj had but little Idea of the battle, except of thi 
in;.' in which he than 6, and it should hart \*< i [hi m i ordlnglj . 


III. Zebulon Preble (33-1), son of Sarah Preble. 

Born at York, Me., ■; married Hannah, daughter of Philip 

Welch, 1712-13, and died after July 26, 1769. 

In 1753 he executed the following paper in favor of one of his 

Know all Men by these Presents, That I Zebulon Preble of York 
in the County of York, husbandman, for and in consideration of the 
good services and dutiful behaviour of my daughter Deborah now 
with me and for the love I have and bear to my said daughter, Have 
and by these presents do freely give and grant to my said Daughter 
Deborah, over and above her part and share in such estate as I may 
leave at my decease in case I die intestate, all such Household Goods 
as Beds, Beding and Furniture, Dishes, Spoons, Pewter, Earthen 
and Wooden vessells, Chairs, Tables, Looking-Glasses, Chests, and 
all other the moveables and Household Stuff within Doors, as I shall 
died seized of, and no part thereof to be accounted to her as her Por- 
tion in my Estate in case I dye as aforesaid. To Have and to Hold 
to the said Deborah her Heirs and assigns to her and their use as a 
good estate free of all incumbrances without any manner of condition 

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and Seal the 
Sixth Day of Dec r A.D. 1753. 


Signed, Sealed and Delivered in 

presence of us, York ss. York, Dec. 6, 1753. 

Dan'l Moulton, Zebulon Preble above acknowledged 

Hannah Moulton. the above Instrument as his act and 


Before Dan'l Moulton, 

Jus. Peace. 

On the division of the town lands in 1732, six shares were assigned 
to Zebulon Preble. His will, dated July 26, 1769, mentions the names 
of his children, Daniel, Deborah, Abraham, Jonathan, Joseph, Sarah 
and Elizabeth. Hannah, Hepzibah, Zebulon and David, whose births 
are recorded, are not mentioned in the will, and had probably de- 
ceased when it was written. In 1850, his great-grandson Joseph 
was the only descendant of this illegitimate branch bearing the name 
of Preble, and above the age of twenty-one years, residing in York. 


Children of Zebulon Preble (33-1) and Hannah Welch, 
IV. Great-grandchildren of Abraham and Judith. 

1. Sarah, b. Oct. 20, 1713. 

2. Abraham, b. Nov. 2, 1714; m. Abigail Gilman, of Exeter, 

N. H., Sept. 10, 1756. 

3. Elizabeth, b. March 2, 1719; m. Thomas Welsh. 

4. Hannah, b. April 1, 1721. 

5. Ilepzibah, b. March 1, 1723 ; m. John Harmon, Sept. 12, 1764. 

6. Zebulon, b. April 9, 1725. 

7. Deborah, b. Aug. 9, 1727. 

8. Joseph, b. April 9, 1729. 

9. David, b. Aug. 20, 1730 ; m. 1st, Mary Moulton, Sept. 25, 

1752, dau. of Henry Moulton; m. 2d, Mary Jenkins, August 
4, 1757, dau. of David Jenkins. 
10. Jonathan, b. April 7, 1732. 

Children of David Preble and Mary Moulton. 

1. Joseph, ) 

2. Esther, V b. Jan. 16, 1753. 

3. Dorcas, ) 

Children of David Preble and Mary Jenkins. 

4. Theodore, b. March 4, 1758. 

5. Hannah, b. March 16, 1760. 




1707 — 1784, 

1733— 1868. 

" General Preble, if he had done nothing else than bequeath to the world such a posterity, would have 
been entitled to the warmest commendation and a marble statue ; but he, living, well filled the place he occu- 
pied himself by a full round of civil and military duties." — William Willis' 's History of Portland, 'Id Ed. 

" Those are the best instructors whose lives speak for them." 

" Earth's highest station ends in ' Here he lies,' 
And ' Dust to dust ' concludes the noblest song." — Young, 

1 We live in deeds, not years : in thoughts, not breaths : 
"We should count time by heart throbs. He most lives 
Who thinks most, feels the noblest, acts the best ; 
And he whose heart beats quickest lives the longest — 
Lives in one hour more than in years do some 
Whose fat blood sleeps as it slips along their veins." 

" Our life is but a tale, a dance, a song, 
A little wave that frets and ripples by, 
And hopes the bubbles that it bears along, 
Born with a breath and broken with a siffh." 

' Like leaves on trees the race of man is found, 
Now green in youth, now withering on the ground ; 
Another race the following spring supplies ; 
They fall successive and successive rise." 



Jedidiah Preble, a grandson of Abraham Preble and Judith Tilden, 
the common ancestors of all of the name in America, was born in York, 
in the Province of Maine, A.D. 1707. He was the first of the name that 
settled on the Peninsula of ancient Falmouth, now the site of the city 
of Portland, Me., about the year 1748. In 1128 he is styled in a 
deed, "husbandman of York." In 1729, his father (who had six 
years previously, viz., in 1723, willed him the same property on his 
decease), in consideration of his natural love and affection for him, 
deeded to him his homestead place in York, retaining a life interest in 
the estate. In 1738, in a deed, Jedidiah Preble is styled a " yeoman 
of York"; in 1743, "a yeoman of Wells"; in 1744, "a coaster of 
Wells " ; and in 1747, " gentleman of Wells." On the 9th of March, 
1748, Samuel Waldo deeded to him one hundred acres of land in Fal- 
mouth, and he is styled, in the document, " Jedidiah Preble, Esquire, 
of Falmouth," which is the first evidence we have of his removal there. 
Numerous other deeds follow in succeeding years, in all of which he 
is styled "of Falmouth." Samuel Waldo was Colonel of the same 
Eegiment in which Preble was then a Captain. 

On the 30th of June, 1732, there was a division of town lands in 
York, among the male inhabitants of twenty-one years and upwards, 
each man to have a number of shares not to exceed eight. In this 
division Jedidiah Preble received six shares.* 

In 1733, " Jedidiah Preble of York" was presented to the Grand 
Jury for laying violent hands on Daniel Simpson, pushing and threat- 

* By the records of York it appears that on the 30th June, 1732, a town meeting was held 
for the purpose of making division of, the town common land, at which meeting a vote was 
passed that it should be divided amongst the inhabitants of twenty-one years of age and 
upwards, each man to have a number of shares not exceeding eight. It was accordingly 
divided, and the number of shares allotted each is set down. It seems, from this record, 


erring to strike him — also for pushing and striking Joseph Simpson. 
Pleaded not guilty to the striking, and was acquitted and fined thirty- 
eight shillings. On the 21st of March, 1733, he was married, by the 
Kev. Joseph Moody, to Martha, a daughter of Alexander Junkins, of 
Scotland Parish, in Old York, who was then between eighteen and 
nineteen, he being about twenty-six years of age. The house in 
which this lady was born was standing in 1850, and occupied by a 
descendant bearing the same name as her father. In 1692 it was one of! 
four garrison houses that remained standing when York was nearly 
destroyed by the Indians, and had been used for the same purpose many 
years previous. Scotland Parish, the birth-place of Martha Junkins, 
was so called because first settled by Scotch families between the years 
1650 and 1660. 

Four sons and one daughter were the result of this marriage, viz. : 

Jedidiah, who married Miss Avis Phillips, of Boston. 

Samuel, who died in the West Indies, unmarried. 

John, who married Miss Sarah Frost, of Machias. 

William, who went to sea and was never heard from after. 

Lucy, who married Jonathan Webb, of Boston. 

that at that time (1732) there were no more than seven of the name of Preble of twenty-one 
years and upwards residing In York, viz. : 

1. — Capt. Caleb (son of Abraham, 2d), to whom was allotted eight shares. 

2. — Capt. Edward (grandson of Nathaniel), " " " eight " 

3. — Samuel (son of Abraham, 2d), " " " seven " 

4. — Stephen (son of Stephen), " " " eight " 

5. — John (son of Benjamin), " " " seven " 

C. — Jedidiah (son of Benjamin), " " " six " 

7- — Zebulon (.tlic illegitimate son of Sarah), " " " six " 

Six of the seven, it appears, were grandsons of Abraham the common ancestor, and tho 
remaining one a great-grandson. 

According to Mr. Alexander Mclntire, in 18.50,118 years after this division, them were 
roii ling in York but eleven males of the name of Preble, aged t went y-one years and npwaxdSJ) 

1. George. 2. Jedidiah, aged about 70. (Brothers, and sons of Edward of Cape Xed- 

dock). Jedidiah had a brother John lining in Penobscot Co. 3. William. 4. Josiah. 

.5. Jeremiah. Bona of Jedidiah. These ftve are descendants of Capt. Edward, the 

grandson of Nathaniel (6-6). 

6. Charles. 7. Washington. 8, Andrew. Brothers, sons of Samuel, and also descen- 
dants of Capt Edward, the grandson of Nathaniel. Charles and Washington were 
then on a mining expedition in California. 

9. Nathaniel, >on of Joseph. 

10. Joseph, son of Dai Id, descendant of Zebnlon the Illegitimate. 
li. Francis, son of Stephen, who had ■ brother living in Weld, Franklin County, and 
another in Massachusetts, all that remained of the descend. mts of Peter, the 
grandson of Stephen (6-4). 
Indian wars and emigration to other parts of the union will account far mis apparent 
trifling Increase, as i have the names and more or lea particulars respecting over 400 de- 
scendants oi the iirM Abraham. 


Mrs. Martha Preble died at Falmouth, on the 10th of March, 1153, 
and was buried on the 12th — Stephen Longfellow, the grandfather of 
the poet Henry W. Longfellow, officiating as one of the pall bearers.* 

On the 9th of May, 1754, Jedidiah Preble was married for the second 
time, by the Kev. Thomas Smith, to Mrs. Mehitable Roberts, the child- 
less widow of John Roberts, Jr., a daughter of Captain Joshua and 
Mehitable (Clarke) Bangs, then of Falmouth, but who originated in Har- 
wich, Cape Cod. At the time of this second marriage, Captain Preble 
was 47 years of age, and Mrs. Mehitable about 26. The fruits of this 
second marriage were five sons and two daughters, viz. : 

Martha, born November 18th, 1754. 

Ebenezer, born August 15th, 1757. 

Joshua, born November 28th, 1759. 

Edward, born August 15th, 1761, who was a Commodore in the 

United States Navy. 
Enoch, born July 2d, 1763, who was President of the Portland 

Marine Society thirty-one years. 
Statira, born January 3d, 1767. 
Henry, born January 24th, 1770, who was for many years a 

Consul for the United States at Palermo and other ports 

of Europe. 

In 1753 and 1754, General (then Captain) Preble represented the 
town of Falmouth in the General Court, and from 1766 to 1773 inclusive 
he filled the same office — eight successive years ; being generally chosen 
with little or no opposition. His commission as a Captain of Infantry 
in Col. Samuel Waldo's Regiment, signed by Governor Shirley, bears 
date June 5th, 1746. He received another Captain's commission 
signed by Charles Knowles, Governor of the Island of Cape Breton, 
and also by Governor Shirley with the seals of both Governors, which 
is dated November 1, 1747. Louisburg capitulated on the 17th of 
June, 1745, and it is probable, from the date of these commissions, 
that our Captain was a subaltern at that time, and received his pro- 
motion to a company in reward of his services. 

In 1748 the war ended with the Peace of Aix la Chapelle, and 
Preble, who had hitherto been styled " coaster," " husbandman or 

Falmouth, 12th March, 1753. 
* Dear Sir — If you will be so good as to accompany your friend and my dear deceased 
wife to her grave this afternoon as a bearer you will perform the last act of friendship you 
ever can to her, and show respect to your undoubtable 

Friend and Humble Servant, 
Stephen Longfellow, Esq., Falmouth, Mass. Jedidiah Preble. 

On the 15th of February, 1777, Brig. Gen. Preble officiated as one of the bearers at the 
funeral of Mrs. Longfellow. 


yeoman " of York and Wells, " coaster of Wells," &c., purchased land 
of Col. Waldo in Falmouth, and is thenceforward styled " Jedidiah 
Preble, Esquire, of Falmouth." 

From 1748 to 1754, we find him purchasing lands and houses in 
Falmouth. April 23, 1754, he received from Governor Shirley a com- 
mission as the Lieut. Colonel of a Regiment to be raised for an expedition 
intended to be carried on upon the Eastern frontiers of the province for 
the defence thereof, " of which John Winslow is Colonel." The fol- 
lowing account of this expedition is taken from the Boston Gazelle, 
dated Tuesday, Sept. 3, 1754. 

" On Saturday last, John Shirley, Esq., son of His Excellency our 
Governour, arrived here from Falmouth in Casco Bay, by whom we 
have the following account, viz : That the forces under General Wins- 
low set out from Teconnet* with something more than 500 men and 
15 battoes, on the 8th of August past : but after proceeding two days 
up the river, the General was taken so ill, that he was obliged to re- 
turn, leaving the command, with the instructions to him, with Col. 
Prebble, who on the 10th at 9 in the morning, proceeded with 13 bat- 
toes, one half the men on one side, and the other half on the other 
side of the river, and on Tuesday the 13th arrived at Norridgewalk, 
which is 31 miles above Teconnet; beautifully situated, near 400 acres 
of clear land on which the grass is generally five or six feet high : 
here they found 6 Indian men, 3 squaws and several children, who 
appeared at first surprised to see such a number of men and battoes 
so far advanced into their country, but after they were told by Col. 
Prebble that they had nothing to fear from him, that none of his men 
should hurt the least tiling they had, nor go into their houses, and 
that Governor Shirley hail ordered they should be treated with civility 
ami kindness ; they appeared well satisfied and were kind and friendly : 
and PoSSSOUSflltf, one of their ehiel's, presented him with two fine sal- 
mon, and some squashes of their own produce, and were all very free 
in drinking King George's and (Jovernor Shirley's health, and told 
him In- was WeloOUlS there. 

'• Thej ramped that night half a mile above the town, and the next 

day leaving the battoes there with a detachment sufficient to guard 

them, they proceeded on their march to the groat carrying place he. 
tween B I the Bivt I •-■, where the French were said 

to be building a fort, and arrived then, on the isth, which is 38 miles 
and three quarters above Norridgewalk, a tew miles below which they 
met three birch canoes with eight Indians in them, who had lately 
come ..ver the oarrj tag place, and as shey supposed from Oanads ; the 

! WntcrrUlc 


Indians were much surprised on discovering the party, and endeavour- 
ed to return up the river with their canoes, but the rapidity of the 
stream prevented their speedy flight, on which they run the canoes 
ashore on the opposite side of the river, catched one of them up and 
ran off" into the woods, leaving the other two on the spot, and made 
their escape to the carrying place, and so returned to Canada to carry 
intelligence, as Col. Prebble supposed, for he tracked them in his march 
across the said carrying place ; the course of which from the head 
of the Kennebec river is due West, and the distance three miles, three 
quarters, and twenty-two rods, to a pond about two miles long and 
one and a half mile wide ; beyond that there is another carrying place 
of about one mile which leads to another Pond, that runs into the 

" They returned from the first mentioned Pond the same day, and 
came to Norridgewalk the 21st of Augt. early in the day, where they 
found Capt. Wright, and the detachment under his command all well, 
and 35 Indians old and young, who upon their knowledge of Col. 
Prebble's return dressed themselves up in their way very fine, by put- 
ting on clean shirts and painting, and decorating themselves ivith ivam- 
pum, they saluted him with a number of guns, and three cheers, and 
then a number of them waited on him at the camp, welcomed him 
back, and seemed to express a good deal of satisfaction at his return. 
After drinking King Georges and Governor Shirleys healths, they in- 
vited him to their houses, and ten or twelve of their Chiefs desired a 
short conference with him, and having cleared the house of Young 
men, who diverted themselves meanwhile playing ball &c. told him 
that he had passed and repassed thro' their country, they were glad to 
see him come back and he was heartily welcome : and they had told 
him before he went, there was no French settlement at the carrying 
Place, and since he had been there, and found it so, hoped he would 
now look upon them as true men : and that we were now all one 
Brothers ; and if their young men should get in liquor and affront any 
of the English, hoped we would take notice of it, that they were de- 
termined to live in Friendship with us : and if the Canada Indians 
had any design to do any mischief on our Frontiers, they would cer- 
tainly let us know it ; and if any disputes arose betwixt the French 
and us they were determined for the future to set still and smoke 
their pipes. 

" The Colonel told them the resolution they had taken would be 
very pleasing to Governor Shirley, and as long as they kept their faith 
with us they might depend on being treated as Friends and Brethren 
and be supplied with all necessaries at Teconnet : which would be 
much more convenient for them than at Richmond, all which they told 


they liked very well ; and were sorry they had no Liquor to treat 
them with, but desired he would see their young men dance and they 
ours, which they said was a Token of Friendship, and was accord- 
ingly performed. 

" Next morning on the Colonels taking his leave of them, they 
wished him safe to Teconnet, and saluted him with 30 or 40 small 
arms as fast as they could load and discharge. 

" The army arrived at Teconnet on Friday the 23d of August at 5 
o'clock in the afternoon, having been 16 days on the march. 

" As to the course of the River into the Country it must be refered, 
untill a plan of the same which has been taken by a skillful surveyor, 
shall appear.* The soil for the most part is extremely good, and ap- 
pears to be fertile. There are many beautiful Islands in the river, 
some of which contain near a thousand acres of Intervale : but the 
land is not plentifully stored with timber. The navigation to Norridge- 
walfc is considerably difficult by reason of the rapidity of the stream, 
and riffling falls, but 'tis likely will be much easier when the water is 
higher. There is but one Fall above Teconnet Falls, that it is neces- 
sary to cany the Battoes around before we come to Norridgewalk, be- 
twixt which and the canying place the navigation is vastly better 
than lxlow, there being only two Falls to carry round, one of which 
notwithstanding a mile in length, there is a plain beaten Path; the 
Other is not above thirty or forty rods." 

This account is curious and interesting, from its describing the 
events attendant upon one of the first, if not, as it is believed to bo 
the wry first penetration of a British armed force into that wild and 
savage region. 

The following year Colonel Preble accompanied Winslow on his 
celebrated expedition for the removal of the French Acadians ; the dis- 
tress arising from which has been so beautifully pictured by Longfellow 
in bis Evangeline. He was wounded, as appears from the following 

extract I'mni Ool. W inslow's journal, before Fort I'.eau Sej'our : 

"June L2, 1766. Ool. Bcott, fiiaj. Preble, and Oapt. Sprittle, was 

detached with five hundred men to possess the ground that 1 had twice 

before taken and to keep it until evening in order to entrench for bat- 

. who proceeding in the execution of these orders were opposed 

by a large party of French, who disputed the ground an hour, fired ia- 

tttly, l'ut at length <p>i" (,, l the ground. We had two men wound- 

1 tilled, .\c" "Major Preble Bb'ghtiy wounded hut badly 

bruised.' 1 

Prebble's letters from Tort Cumberland to Winslow are here 

\\ lie I... ' .■! lln- i 


given. I will premise, Fort Cumberland was a fortress which, had 
been built by the French, on the north side of the Massaquoche, on 
the Bay of Fundy. The Isthmus at that point is hardly fifteen miles 
wide, and formed the natural boundary between New France and 
Acadia. On the 15th of June preceding these letters, the fort was 
invested by 300 English regulars and 1500 provincial troops, and, 
weakened by fear, discord and confusion, in a few days was surrendered. 
By the terms of capitulation the garrison was sent to Louisbourg, and 
for the Acadian fugitives amnesty was stipulated. The Fortress thus 
captured received the name of Cumberland, named after the King's 
brother, who was the soul of the regency. 

Fort Cumberland, 25th August, 1T55. 

Dear Sir, — I embrace this opportunity with pleasure to let you 
know that these leave me and all friends, as I hope they will find you 
in good health, and we rejoice to hear of your safe arrival at Minas 
and am well pleased that you are provided with so good quarters for 
yourself and soldiers, and as you have taken possession of the friar's 
house, hope you will execute the office of priest. I am tired of your 
absence, and long for nothing more than to be with you ; here is Capt n . 
Proby and eight transports arrived last Wednesday ; Captain Taggart 
arrived this morning, and a sloop from New York with provisions for 
the Troops. The news has not yet come on shore, our troops remain 
in good health and long to follow you. 

To Col. Winslow Yours &c. 

Commanding at Minas. Prebble. 

Camp at Cumberland, 5th Sept. 1155. 
Dear Sir, — I received your favor from Captain Nichols of the 23d 
Aug 1 , and rejoice to hear that the lines are fallen to you in pleasant 
lands and that you have a goodly heritage. I understand you are 
surrounded by good things of this world, and having a sanctified place 
for your habitation ; hope you are prepared for the enjoyment of a 
better ; we are mouldering away our time in your absence ; which has 
rendered this place to me worse than a Prison ; we have only this to 
comfort us, that we are as nigh Heaven as you are at Minas, and 
since we are denied the good things in this world, doubt not we shall 
be happy in the next. It is with grief I inform you, that on the second 
instant, Major Frye being at Shepondic where he was ordered to burn 
the buildings, and bring off the women and children, the number of 
which was only twenty-three, he had sent them on board, and burned 
253 buildings and had sent fifty men on shore to burn the mess house 
and some other buildings, which was the last thing they had to do, 
when about three hundred French and Indians came suddenly upon 
them and killed Doctor Marsh, shot Lieut. Billings through the body, 


and through the arm, killed and wounded 22 and wounded six more ; 
they retreated to the dykes, and Major Frye landed with what men he 
got on shore and made a stand ; but their number being superior to 
ours, we were forced to retreat. 

Your sincere friend, 
To Col 1 Winslow Commanding Jedidiah Preble. 

the Troops at Minas. 

• March 13, 1758, Preble received from Gov. Pownal a commission as 
Colonel of a Regiment of Foot, raised by him for a general invasion of 

March 12, 1759, just a year later, he received from Governor Pow- 
nal a commission as Brigadier General of the Forces raised by him to 
be employed in His Majesty's service the ensuing campaign. 

There is a family tradition that he was present at the siege of 
Quebec, and near General Wolfe when he fell, Sept. 13, 1759 ; that he 
was wounded in the thigh on the Plains of Abraham, and that the ball 
which wounded him struck his old fashioned broad-flapped waistcoat, 
and drove the cloth in with it. The ball was pulled out and long pre- 
served in the family as evidence of the fact. I am led to doubt his 
being present and wounded in that battle, as I can find no account of 
any large body of Provincial Troops being engaged in it, and had lie 
been, his rank as a Brigadier General would have made him a prominent 
actor in the battle** The family tradition asserts that he was a Captain, 
and promoted for his gallantry. It is certain he was twice wounded 
during the war, probably at an earlier day. 

Soon after, or perhaps immediately before the capture of Quebec, 
be was appointed by the Governor to the command of Fort Pownal. a 
new fortress Josl completed on the Penobscot, at what is now called 
Fort Point. Fori Pownal'was commenced early in May, 1769, under 
the superintendence of Governor Pownal and Gen. Waldo, and was 
one "i the most substantial and well appointed fortifications that had 
ever been erected in Maine, and cost the Colony £5000, which was 

repaid by Engted.f 

, , tti raised 6800 m m tor 1 1 1 » - Invasion of Cans i In tlid 

in al Loulsbnrgi m rcral hundred In the Navy, and 300 joined Gen, Wolfe before 
Quebec (was Gen. Preble the Brigadier commanding there ?), and the remainder 
under Gen. Amherst, who entered Canada by Lake Champlain with a triumphal pr 
r rpturlng in 1 1 i -» course the ForM :it Tlcondcroga, Crow n Point an 

t A Fort on the Penobscot was firs! recommended l>y Gov. Shirley in his 

pie General Court, April 9, 1736. <i"\. Pownal reiterated it^ necessity three years after. 

wards, and arrived a) Falmouth, the u\<-\ eastern town but one n the Province, May !>, 

here ii>' had directed materials for the Port i" be collected, ami found the wood pari 

In due time the l I men under the command of 

Urig. Oca. Jv ', with the exception of those that were to follow 



Joseph Holt, in his Journal of a Penobscot voyage (published in the 
N. E. Histor. and Genealog. Eegister, October, 1856), mentions, under 
date June 24, 1762 : " About 2 o'clock arrived safe at anchor at Fort 
Pownal, on Penobscot River ; and there went ashore and drunk good 
Punch with Brigadier Preble, and evening went on aboard. 25th, 
Friday, we sent nine men to view the lands on the West river ; and 
about 2 o'clock I went off in a whaleboat with four men to view the 
land on the East branch of the Penobscot river. On Sunday, the 21th, 
these parties returned to the sloop at the Fort, and on Monday started 
in his sloop in company with a Duxbury sloop and York schooner, 
down the bay, towards Mount Desert." 

In a deed dated Sept. 13, 1760, the subject of this memoir is styled 
Jedidiah Preble, of Falmouth, otherwise called Jedidiah Preble, Com- 
mander of Fort Pownal, at Penobscot. 

with the materials. They arrived on the 23d of July at the mouth of the Penobscot river, 
landing on the East side. 

Upon reconnoitering, a location was selected twenty-five rods from the water's edge, and 
about the same distance from the present (1868) site of Fort Point Light House, " where a 
Flagstaff was erected and the King's colors hoisted and saluted, after Divine Service. 
Treated the Troops with a barrell of Rum." The Fort was completed in July, 1759, at an 
expense to the Province of £5,000. The General Court highly approved of the measure, 
and, June 10, voted to call the fortification Fort Pownal in honor of the Governor. A gar- 
rison was constantly maintained there until the Revolutionary war. In 1775, Mowatt, that 
I infamous scoundrel," as Doctor Deane calls him, who burnt Falmouth, came there in a 
British Man-of-war, and dismantled the Fort, and in July the same year Col. Cargill burned 
the block house, &c, fearing that it might be occupied by the enemy. Mr. Willis states 
that Capt. Mowatt accompanied Gov. Pownal on the expedition when the Fort was estab- 
lished. The ruins of Fort Pownal are now distinctly visible, and the remains of the breast 
works are quite prominent at Fort Point, Cape Jellison, at the mouth of the Penobscot 
river, in what is now the town of Stockton. The object of the expedition, as explained by 
Gen. P. in a speech, Feb. 1, 1759, was to complete His Majesty's (George II.) dominion on 
the Atlantic, and secure the title to the subjects of the Province, for, says he, " as long as 
the British Crown has secured and fortified St. John's River, the enemy (the French) has 
now no other outlet to the sea, than through the Penobscot, the door being shut upon them 
in every other part. These lands ought to be in our possession, for as long as an Indian 
has any claim to them, the French will maintain a title to them." 

" This settlement is believed to have been the first in the vicinity for a military or civil 

Gen. Waldo, whose zeal for the service prompted him, at the age of 63, to attend Gov. 
Pownal on the expedition, is said to have died of apoplexy while on a reconnoissance for 
the site, or, according to Whipple, while in the act of depositing a piece of lead (meaning 
a leaden plate), or, according to still another account, while pointing out to the Governor 
the limit of his territory, in or near the site of the present city of Bangor. However this 
may be, he was buried at the head of the first falls, and a leaden plate was buried with 
him, bearing this inscription : — 

" May 23, 1759. Province of Massachusetts Bay, Dominion of Great Britain. Possession 
confirmed by T. Pownell, Gov." 

Gen. Waldo was buried with military honors, and on the occasion the Rev. Mr. Phillips, of 
Lynn, preached the first sermon ever delivered in what is now Waldo county. Gen. Waldo 
was an accomplished gentleman, and had crossed the Atlantic ocean fifteen times. He 
was a large proprietor of the Waldo patent, on which the Fort was laid, and was deeply 
interested in its construction. 


October 29, 17G2, he purchased of the heirs of Brig. Gen. Samuel 
Waldo, all the land surrounding Fori Pownal, to the amount of twenty- 
hundred acres, for the sum of seven hundred and twenty pounds ; 
the fort, the Government buildings (none of which are now in exist- 
ence), and certain quarrying and mining privileges, being reserved by 
the heirs. The same year, at the settlement of the estate of his 
father-in-law, Capt. Joshua Bungs, he was the purchaser at the valua- 
tion of the following real estate, viz. : — 

Androsse's Island* £466 13 4 

Mansion house and garden ------ 246 13 4 

Wharf and warehouses, near foot of King Street - 196 00 

Breastwork and Hats 104 13 04 

The mansion house and garden were situated on Thames Street 
in Falmouth, near the foot of what is now India Street. The house 
was destroyed at the burning of Falmouth by Mowatt, and another 
afterwards built upon its site, which after the Brigadier's death was 
purchased by his son Capt Enoch, who with his family occupied it 
many years, until he sold it to Capt. Lemuel Dyer. This house, 
after numerous alterations, is still (1868) standing. Originally a 
green sloping hank extended from its front to the water, affording a 
pleasant and always cheerful prospect, and the house was two storied, 
with alow, flat, hipped roof. At this time (1868) the street, the name of 
which lias been changed to Commercial Street, has been graded down 
and the house Blightly raised. The roof has also been raised, and its 
ends brought out, a granite basement has been added underneath, and a 
large addition made to the rear of the house. With these changes, 
from a two storied hipped-roof house, it has become four storied, with 
a plain slanting roof, and can scarcely be recognized. The green 
sloping bank has lung since disappeared, and was at first replaced by 
a marine railway, which in its turn lias disappeared, and granite and 
brick warehouses DOW (1868) cover the site of the green bank and 
sandy shores. 

March 8d, 17»..;, Jedidiah Preble received from Francis Bernard, 
Captain General and Governor ol the Province of .Massachusetts, a com- 
mission as Justice Of the Peace in the County of Lincoln, with 
authority, in conjunction with two or more Justices, to hold a court, 

&c. A lew words in Parson Smith's Journal, under date February ith, 

of thifl year, show us the -rave Justice in a more jovial light, lie 

-" Brigadier Preble, Colonel Waldo, Captain Boss, Doctor Coffin, 

• Thii Island waa iir-t called Portland, then Androsaea or Andrews, end, after ta purchase 
bgr Joanna Ba [aland, it is now called Cnahing [aland, after Itspresenl proprl e» 

tor, though Hie DSDM oi' Banns. Island is retained on the U. b. Cuast Surrey and ether BiajBI 
and i Inula. 


Nathaniel Moody, Mr. Webb and their wives and Tate set out for a 
frolic at Rings, and are not yet got back, nor like to be, the roads not 
being passable." On the 11th of February he says — " Our frolickers 
returned from Black point last night, having been gone just ten days. 
They got homeward as far as long Creek last night, and with vast 
difficulty and expense reached home." 

In 1766 he was chosen a Representative to succeed Samuel Waldo, 
without opposition. In 1768 he was a member of the house from Fal- 
mouth and Cape Elizabeth, and one of the " glorious ninety-two " who 
voted nay to the command of the King to rescind the celebrated circular 
letter. The same year the strict execution of the revenue act pro- 
duced mobs and riots in the seaport towns, which caused the govern- 
ment to call to its support a military and naval force. The intimation 
on the 8th of September that a body of soldiers had been ordered to 
Boston, produced a greater degree of alarm than had been caused by 
any other measure. A town meeting was immediately held in Boston, 
which recommended that a convention of committees from all the towns 
in the Province should be held in Faneuil Hall, to consult and advise 
such measures as the public peace and safety required. This recom- 
mendation met with a hearty response, and a convention, numerously at- 
tended, assembled in Faneuil Hall on the 22d of September. An ex- 
press from Boston reached Falmouth on the 18th, and on the 21st the 
inhabitants held a meeting and appointed General Preble, who was 
already their Representative to the General Court, as their delegate to 
this convention. He was, however, instructed very cautiously to do 
nothing illegal or unconstitutional, but to use every endeavor within 
the limits of legitimate resistance to procure a redress of grievances. 
The result of the convention was much more moderate than the friends 
of government anticipated. The convention enumerated their griev- 
ances, declared their loyalty and that of the people, and advised all to 
avoid tumultuous expression of their feelings, and to yield obedience 
to the civil magistrate. They firmly expressed their opinion that the 
civil power without the aid of a standing force was fully adequate to 
suppress all tumultuous disorders ; but notwithstanding this expression 
of opinion, on the 28th of September, two regiments, numbering about 
a thousand men, under command of Colonel Dalrymple, from Halifax, 
landed at Boston. These troops were refused quarters and supplies 
by both the General Court and the town of Boston. In February, 
1769, when the news reached England, Parliament denounced the pro- 
ceedings of this convention of town delegates at Faneuil Hall as sub- 
versive of government, and as showing a disposition to set up an 
authority independent of the crown. 

It will be seen from this, that thus early our subject was prepared 
to take the people's side in the gradually approaching struggle of the 
Revolution, and that he was already looked upon as a leader. 


In the town valuation of 1772, his property had a higher valuation 
put on it than any other in Falmouth, viz., £311 8s. ; the total value 
of all the property on the Neck and at Back Cove at the same time 
being £9,408. The next largest property-holder in Falmouth was 
Enoch Ilsley, whose estate was valued at £300. There were but two 
others whose valuation was above or equal to £150 each. 

In 1773 he was chosen a Councillor of the people, and though of 
course of the popular party, was one of six accepted by the Royal 
Governor. The same year, by a schedule, we find him the owner of 
110 tons uf shipping, which he the next year had increased to 135 
tons — not a large investment in navigation for these times, but a very 
considerable one for those. 

January 25, 1771, he was chosen by the town of Falmouth one of 
a committee of seven, of which he appears to have been chairman, to 
make answer to the several letters received from the Committee of 
Correspondence in Boston, and to report what ought to be done for 
the public welfare under the alarming circumstances which existed. 
The 3d of February this committee made a long report, in which they 
say, that having waited too patiently along time in hopes that the Gov- 
ernor would join the other branches of the Legislature in petitioning 
the King for a redress of American grievances, and finding it vain to 
hope or expect any relief through his means, they declare it the duty 
of the town t<> declare as their opinion, in a matter which so highly con- 
cerned their own and future generations, that neither the Parliament 
of England, nor any other power on earth, has a right to lay a tax on 
the people of the colonies, but by their own consent, or the consent 
of those whom they may choose to represent them — a right guaran- 
teed by the glorious Magna Charta, and not only agreeable to the 
laws of God and Nature, hut interwoven in the constitution of the 
human mind. This report was accompanied by a set of Besolves, in 
which they declared their determination not tp suffer t«> be imported 
int.. tin- town any article on which Parliament had laid a duty, nor 
to have dealings with those who promoted such arbitrary arts ; and 
further, thai they would neither buy nor sell, and would desist from 

the USe Of India Tea, and discountenance its introduction, while the 

duty continued j and finally acknowledged their obligations to Huston 
irly notices of approaohing danger, and "for their intrepid be- 
havior Upon the late tea ships' arrival." Two . .f the committee enlor- 
ed their dissenl t.> the resolve relative to Boston, and to epithets given 
tO the ministry and the K. India Company. The whole Report, with 

the accompany lag Resolves, may he found in the appendix to Willis's 
I li- t"i \ of Portland. 

1 77 1 . a convention of delegates from towns in Cum- 
berland Count; led at Falmouth, recommended that Jeremiah 


Powell, Esq., and Jedidiah Preble, Esq., " Constitutional Counsellors 
of this Province residing in the County, take their places at the Board 
as usual the ensuing session." 

On the 5th of October, the House of Representatives of Massachu- 
setts met at Salem, and resolved itself into a Provincial Congress, and 
on the 8th adjourned to Concord. They took the government of the 
province into their hands, and made vigorous preparations for the ap- 
proaching contest. On the 2tth of October, Gen. Jedidiah Preble, 
with Gen. Artemas Ward and Col. Pomeroy, were chosen General 
Officers of the Provincial forces, and Gen. Preble was chosen to the 
chief command.* This appointment he was forced to decline on ac- 
count of ill health and advanced age, and it was then bestowed upon 
Gen. Artemas Ward, who at a later period was superseded by 
Washington, f 

Great hopes had been entertained that when news of the resolute 
spirit of the colonies reached England, it would produce a more tem- 
perate consideration of their grievances than ministers had been dis- 
posed to take ; but when, instead, they found a determination to force 
down the arbitrary doctrines at the point of the bayonet, they des- 
paired of reconciliation, and prepared with vigor to resist encroach- 
ment. The feelings of the people became exceedingly irritated against 
those who still countenanced the course of the mother country, and 
personal quarrels often took place between individuals. A rencontre 
of this kind, in which Gen. Preble was one of the actors, is related^ as 
having taken place in King, or, as it is now called, India street. Gen. 
Preble met Mr. Sheriff Tyng, and said, " It is talked that there will 
be a mob to-night." They met Mr. Oxnard (his son-in-law), when 
Tyng said to him, " We are going to have a mob to-night." The 
General denied having said so. Tyng contradicted him, and called 
him an old fool, and threatened he would chastise him if he were not 
an old man. The General threatened to cane him, or knock him 
down, if he should repeat those words, when Tyng drew his sword, 
and threatened to run him through. Preble then collared and shook 
Tyng. Afterwards Tyng asked pardon of the General, and it was 
granted. The populace inquired if the General was satisfied, and told 

* Afternoon Thursday, October 27, 1774. ft was moved that the Congress proceed to 
the choice of three general officers, and resolved that they would first make choice of the 
gentleman who . should have the chief command, and the Committee having voted and 
counted the votes reported that the Hon. Jedidiah Preble, Esq., was chosen. Hon. Artemas 
Ward next chosen. Then Colonel Pomeroy. — Journal of Provincial Congress of Mass. 

t The Gentleman's Magazine for June, 1775, p. 297, vol. 45, under head of the Pro- 
ceedings of the American Colonies — says : 

" Gen. Gage has given positive orders that no person shall go out of Boston. Colonel 
Pribble has issued as positive orders that no person shall go into Boston." 

X Dr. Samuel Deane's Diary, April 8, 1774. 


him he should have all the satisfaction he desired, but he desired 
nothing more. This anecdote illustrates not only the popularity of 
the General, but the state of feeling towards the Crown officers and 
the Government itself. 

It was somewhere about this time that Gen. Preble abandoned the 
Episcopal form of worship, and took seats under the droppings of Par- 
son Smith's eloquence, because the Episcopal clergyman had offended 
him by continuing to pray for the King and royal family. In April, 
1775, Gen. Preble with four others was added to the Committee of In- | 
spection at Falmouth, and on the 9th of May became security for 
Capt. Mowatt, his surgeon, and the Rev. Mr. Wiswell, who had been 
seized while walking upon Munjoy Hill by a mob of soldiers under the 
command of Col. Thompson. The commanding officer on board Mow- 
att's ship threatened to lay the town in ashes if the prisoners were not 
immediately given up. Gen. P. and Col. Freeman became security for 
their return the next day on their parole, and they went on board ship 
about 9 the same evening. When it was ascertained that Mowatt did 
not intend to keep his parole, the militia mob vented their rage upon 
the hostages and kept them in confinement without dinner, and refused 
to let their children speak with them. Towards evening they were re- 
leased on their consenting to furnish refreshment to the militia. The 
number of men was 337, and Gen. Preble was compelled as his contri- 
bution to furnish them with some barrels of bread, a number of cheeses, 
and two barrels of rum — the whole at a cost to him of about ten pounds 
lawful, and all for a cowardly wretch who had not honor enough to 
keep his parole, and who in a mean spirit of revenge obtained the orders 
from Admiral Graves, under which he burnt the town, on the 16th of 
October following. By this outrage Gen. Preble his security incurred a 
loss of property in the aggregate valued at over £2,500, and Col. Free- 
man, his other hostage, half as much. On the receipt of Mowatt's badly 
spelled, worded and written letter, announcing his intention to burn 
the town in two hours, Gen. Preble was appointed one of a commit- 
tee to wait upon him, to see if the threatened calamity could not be 
averted. At the earnest entreaty of the committee, Mowatt consented 
to postpone the execution of his second orders until 8 o'clock the 

next morning, on certain < litione, which wore evaded until the time 

set had expired. The destruction did not commence until 9 o'clock. 
Gen. Preble removed his family and Buch other property as he was 
able to save, to Oapisirk. His loss of property was greater than that 
of any other Bufferex by the burning of Falmouth.* It was not until 

• The following estimate of his Losses is taken from a memonuidnm in his own hanm 
writing, rts.: — 
One dwelling house I Hred In, two story high, four rooms <>n m Boor, :iii well 

Onlshed, with a porch and a Chinese fence £550 


1791, when the General Court of Massachusetts granted them two 
townships of land now known as Freeman and New Portland, that 
any relief was obtained by the sufferers for their losses. In 1176 & '77, 

yfy^j *v * j C\ •//» an ^ again in 

sfS^ ) chosen by the 

f J peopleastheir 

Eepresentative to the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts, with little 
if any opposition. On the 19th of May he was elected Represen- 
tative, by 99 out of 102 votes, as he states in his diary. The town 
neglected to send the precepts of his and his colleague's election, and 
on the 30th of May, in answer to a call of the House, Gen. Preble said, 
"I was loathe to come, but being elected by so great a majority, felt 
bound to accept." It was then unanimously voted by the House 
that he should keep his seat. On the 20th of June following, he was 
elected Councillor (one of the board of eighteen) for the Province of 
Maine, in place of Mr. Chauncy, resigned, by a joint vote of the House 
and Board, receiving one hundred out of one hundred and eight votes. 
In 1778, by advice and consent of the Council, he was appointed, 
by command of the major part of the Council, under the act of 1699, 
a Justice of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas, for the County of 

Furniture, provisions and clothing left in the house 134 q 

One barn and chaise, wood house and other small buildings, together 

with a wharf and platform back of the house 70 

One dwelling house, four rooms on a floor, two story high, that Samuel Moody 

kept a Tavern in, with a new kitchen back 400 o 

One large s-tore improved by Mr. Thos. Oxnard, Rented at 26. 13. 4. per ann. 200 

One hatter's shop, two story high 45 

One small store joining 30 

One bake house and two stores joining, two story 80 

One shop and eight stores joining, all two story high 390 

One store on the end of my wharf 40 

Goods, left in the shop, viz. : iron, glass, wooden ware, English goods, sheep's 

wool, flax, ceprass and logwood, amounting to 200 

24 cwt. good sugar a 40s 48 

160 gals, molasses a Is. 6d. ; 140 gals. W. Rum at 3s 33 

100 bushels salt at 2s. 8d. ; 6000 seasoned trunnails a 20s. . . . . 19 6 8 
One eleven inch cable and small rigging, burnt in my store, 13000 seasoned 

clear boards at 40s. 106 

Oar, rafters, clabboards, shingles and anchor stock 26 

30 cord wood a 8s. ; seven cord bark a 12s 16 4 

One body of a chaise, £4 ; one pr. wheels, iron board and one body of a cart, £5 9 

Damage done to my wharf by the tire 30 

One pew in Saint Paul's Church 1368 

To moving my household goods and other effects sundry times out of town 20 
Forty sheep a 10s. ; one yoke of oxen 13s. 6d., and two cows a £3, lost by tak- 
ing them off my islands 39 6 8 

To two quarter casks of Madeira a £12 24 

Errors excepted, &c. Jedidiah Preble. £2523 4 

Cumberland, ss. Falmouth, Dec. 1, 1775, the above named Jedidiah Preble, Esq., made 
oath that the above is a true account of the loss he met with by Capt. Mowatt's lately burn- 
ing the town of Falmouth, according to his best judgment. 

Coram. Enoch Freeman, Justice Peace. 



Cumberland, and was the fourth of the name of Preble appointed to a 
judicial office. On the 4th of September, 1780, under the new State 
constitution, he was elected the first Senator from Cumberland County, 
receiving in Falmouth, the town where he resided, 35 out of 42 votes. 
In 1782 and '83, he held appointments as Judge of Inferior Courts, 
under the new State constitution, and these appointments were the 
closing ones of his long career of activity, honor and usefulness. 
Four days after the rejoicing in Boston, on the occasion of the defini- 
tive treaty of peace having been signed by Congress, viz., on the 11th 
of March, 1784, he breathed his last at his residence in Falmouth, and 
on the 16th was buried in the old burying place on Munjoy Hill, where 
the monument erected to his memory can still be seen. It is a tomb- 
shaped block of granite masonry, covered with a free-stone slab, on 
which may be read this Inscription : — 

Jedidiah Preble is reputed to 
have been the first white man 
that ascended to the summit of 
Mount Washington. He often 
told his children the story of his 
long, dangerous and toilsome 
journey, considering it, as well 
he might, in absence of roads or 
bridle paths, one of the most 
important of his achievements. 
According to the tradition of the 
time, " he went up the mountain 
and washed his hands in the 
clouds." His son Enoch used 
to tell of his father's journey, as 
he had told it to him, and among 
other incidents mentioned his 
leaving a bottle of brandy on a 
Hat rock on the top of the moun- 
tain, and that when the spot was 
revisited years afterwards, the 
bottle was broken, and the rock 
cracked, supposed from a stroke 
of lightning. The date of this 
expedition, unfortunately, has 
not ln'cn preserved ; but some 
few years since, old Abel Craw- 
ford, the patriarch of the moun- 
tain, who had not then been 
gathered to his fathers, told the 
vrife of one of Brigadier Preble's 
grandsons, that he was his com- 
panioo on the occasion referred 
to, and verified his account of it. 


this stone 

is deposited 

all that is mortal 


The Honorable 


who died March 11, 1781, 

aged 77 tears. 


LI l'K, 







Where i> thj sting, oh death? 
Ami where fchj victory, grave? 


General Preble is represented by his children and contemporaries to 
have been of commanding and dignified presence, standing full six 
feet in height. His common dress was the scarlet coat and laced hat, 
which, previous to the Revolution, were only permitted to be worn by 
what was called the privileged classes. He was of very quick tem- 
per, and resolute and even stubborn in his purposes. His opinion 
once formed, there was no moving him from it, so that it is usual to 
say among his descendants, when one of them is fixed of will about 
anything and resolute to do what he has planned, that he has a touch 
of the Brigadier in him. 

His will, dated Februaay 10, 1184 (recorded vol. iii. Probate Records 
C. 0., p. 292), bequeaths his property, viz. : 1st, To the payment of 
his just debts and funeral expenses ; 2d, Bangs Island to his wife dur- 
ing her life ; 3d, £100 lawful money to be paid one year after his de- 
cease to each of the following persons, viz. : Sons John, Ebenezer, 
Edward, Joshua, Enoch and Henry, also to daughter Statira. The 
remainder of his estate was to be equally divided among his children, 
and the heirs of his deceased son Jedidiah, in tenths. Further, after his 
widow's decease, Bangs Island was to be in the same way divided. 
The will made his son Ebenezer and his widow Mehitable his executors. 


P General Preble's second 

* ^, / f~ Srf /f) /s w ^ e was * ne daughterf of 

fl^1t£U>AH&^ J^J/frljU Captain Joshua Bangs, who 
came to Falmouth from Harwich, Cape Cod. Her first husband, 
John Roberts, Jr., died in the first year of their wedded life, leaving 
her a childless widow. About a year after his death she mar- 
ried General (then Colonel) Preble, on the 9th of May, 1754. Mrs- 
Preble is represented to have been a bustling, energetic, business 
woman, fully alive and attentive to the interest and business of her 
husband, and improving his property while he was fulfilling his various 

* Signature to Will. 

t Capt. Joshua Bangs, the father of Mehitable Preble, came to Falmouth from Harwich, 
Cape Cod, about 1731, when he had laid out to him " as assign to Dennis Morrough late 
of Falmouth, deceased, a tract of land and flats containing half an acre, and bound as 
followeth: beginning on the corner between the house lot formerly laid out to John 
Prichard on old Casco's Neck, near where Fort Loyal stood and the flats laid out to Edward 
and John Tyng, thence bounding on said Prichard's lot to run NEtly to the Etly corner 
thereof, and so including the Pine tree and parcel of land and rocks which lyeth between King 
Street and a 6mall lot laid out to John Graves and the flats laid out and granted to Joseph 
Bayley, bounded on Joseph Bayley's flats and the aforesaid Tyng's flats on the other side, 
until half an acre be made up and completed. It being for the house lot for said Morrough's 
right, provided the same be free from former grants." Rated at Falmouth October 22d, 1731 . 
(See old Falmouth Proprietors' Records, p. 258, vol. 1.) This land was on the westerly 


military and political duties. It is a family tradition that when the 
t iuu ..f Falmouth was burnt by Mowatt, she hastened, with an axe, and 
with her own hand humanely liberated the pigs, &c, from their confine- 
ment, by knocking down the piggery in which they were confined, say- 
ing it would be a shame to leave poor dumb creatures to be burnt. 
She survived her husband twenty-one years, and died suddenly in a 
tit of apoplexy, on the 20th of August, 1805, at the same advanced 
age of TT. By her will she left property in Falmouth, the apprised 
value of which was $7,3+0. Her will very equitably divided this 
property into sevenths, after deducting certain legacies, and gave it in 
equal portions to her seven sons and daughters, or their heirs. She also 

ride of what i- now (1808) India Street, and to the westward of the Grand Trunk Depot. 
Joahoa Bangs waa a shipmaster, subsequently a merchant, and represented the town of 
Falmouth in the General Court in 1741. 

Joshua Bangs was born at Harwich, Massachusetts, in 1691 ; married Mehitable Clark, of 
Harwich, June IS, 1713, and died at Falmouth, May 23, 1762 — his wile having died the pm Ions, n> appear.- from the following inscriptions on their head stones in the Eastern 
y, at Portland : 

•• Here Ilea the body of Mrs. Mehitable Bangs, wife of Mr. Joshua Bangs, died April 5th 
1701, In the SAtfa year of her age." 

" Hen Ilea the body of Mr. Joshua Bangs, died May 23d, 1762, in the 71st year of his age." 

Tiny had three >ons and live daughters, viz. : 

I. Nathan, i>orn 1714. 2. Thomas, born Not. 28th, 1716; married Mehitable Stone, of 
a, Oct 1761. 3. Thankful, born Nov. 13th, 1720; married Samuel Cobb, Nov. 1740. 

b, born ; married Oersham Rogers, July, 1756. 5. Joshua, born 1723; max* 

i ih Watte. 6. Mr/titnb/(\\iovn 172S ; married, 1st, John Roberts, Jr., 1752, 2d, Jedidiah 

Preble, 1754. 7. Bnsannah,born ; married Elijah "Weare, 1761. 8. Mary, born ; 

l Nathaniel Gordon, Oet. 25th, 1754. 

1 . Joshua Bangs owned and gave name to Bangs Island in Portland Harbor, of which 

the earliest English name, and which it retained for a century, was "Portland Island." 

Within a few yean the Island has passed from the possession of the descendants of Joshua 

i . and Its purchaser, Mr. Cushiug, has re-christened it, and given it his own name, and 

erected apon it a One hotel for summer resort, which he calls the Ottawa Hones. The name 

of Bangs [aland Is, however, retained upon all the maps and charts. Captain Joshua was 

i I. int from Edward Ban--, who was born in Chichester, England, 1592, and arrived 

at Plymouth in the Ann, July, 1623. In 1611 he removed with Gov. Prencc and others 

. settlement an Cape Cod, called Nausett, afterwards Eastham, and died therein 

lb' was a shipwright, and superintended the construction of the first vessel 

built at Plj month in I64L She was a bark of 40 to 50 tons, and he contributed 1-16 of the 

Oil h was estimated at 1200. 

The . Joshua Bangs, Mehitable Clarke, was the daughter of Andrew Clarke, 

born 1640, .in.l Bfehltable BcottOW, bOni 1649, and the grand-daughter of Thomas Clarke 

Ited male of the Mayflower on her first TOyage in 1680, and who died in 

i I -ton,- is Mi;i standing and legible on Burying Hill. Her mother's 

i am ■ Bcottow, of Boston, who owned a house and garden 1b School Buses, 

the Cttj Halloo* stands, which he sold to the town tor £66, bat ft aft e t w e e d s canal 

l»<" ''" ■' Bamuel Clarke, and remained in the Clarke family until about 1825, 

Bamncl Clarke sold it to the dry. Andrew Clarke lived for some yean 

In Boston, and in- lather, Thomas Clarke, gave him a hoosa in Soottow*! 

i an Ann St. to Union Qu es t, as sppeanby a deed, a copy of which i- now 

Samuel C. Clarke, Esq., of Newport, K. I. 


left a legacy, large for those days in proportion to her estate, viz., three 
hundred and thirty-three dollars, which she directed should be distri- 
buted among the poor widows of Portland. She was buried at the side 
of her husband, in the old burial place, where a plain slate head-stone 
marks her last resting place. 

Children of Jedidiah Preble and Martha Junkins, viz. : 
Jedidiah, born , at York ; married Miss Avis Phillips, of 

Boston ; died of exposure consequent upon shipwreck. 
Samuel, born at York, and died, unmarried. 
John, born at York, 1742 ; married Sarah Frost, of Machias, Nov., 

1183 ; died December 3, 178?. 
Lucy, born at York ; married Jonathan Webb, of Boston, Jan., 1163. 
William, born at York, lost at sea and never heard from. 
Children of Jedidiah Preble and Mehitable (Bangs) Eoberts, all 
born in Falmouth, now Portland, Maine : 

1. Martha, born Nov. 18, 1154 ; married Rev. Thomas Oxnard, 

of Portland, June 11, 1772 ; died Oct. 16, 1824. 

2. Ebenezer, born August 15, 1757 ; married, 1st, Dorcas Ilsley, 

Oct. 7, 1781— 2d, Mary Derby, June 14, 1785— 3d, Betsey 
Derby, June, 1795 — 4th, Abigail Torrey ; died at Richmond, 
Va., April, 1817. Ebenezer was a distinguished merchant of 
Boston, and at one time the partner in business of Wm. Gray. 

3. Joshua, born Nov. 28, 1759 ; married Hannah Cross, of New- 

buryport, Mass. ; died Nov. 4, 1803. 

4. Edward, born August 15, 1761 ; married Miss Mary Deering, 

March 17, 1801 ; died August 25, 1807. This Edward was 
the distinguished Commodore of the U. S. Navy. 

5. Enoch, born July 2, 1763 ; married Miss Sally Cross, of Gorham, 

Me., Sept. 14, 1800 ; died Sept. 28, 1842. He was President 
of the Portland Marine Society from 1811 to 1841 inclusive, 
when he declined a reelection ; Vice President of the Cum- 
berland Agricultural and Horticultural Society, and held 
various other offices of trust and honor. 

6. Statira, born Jan. 3, 1767 ; married Capt. Richard Codman, of 

Portland, Sept. 10, 1789 ; died Aug. 15, 1796. 

7. Henry, born Jan. 24, 1770 ; married Frances Wright, of Staf- 

ford, Staffordshire, England, Dec. 11, 1794 ; died at Pittsburgh 
Dec, 1825. Henry was for some time Consul at Palermo, 
and was the first U. S. commercial agent to Turkey. 


1775 — 1782. 

***** All around the country is well laid out, and if 
properly defended must be impregnable. Returned to Bradish's. 
Lodged there, expense 15. 

Sat. Aug. 5th, 1775. 

In ye morning I waited on President Langdon. Delivered him a 
letter. Breakfasted with him. I viewed the stores of provisions, 
which consisted of choice good beef, bread, salt-fish, peas, rice, mut- 
ton, pork and milk. I then proceeded to Roxbury, met Gen'l Ward, 
who invited me to his Tent Quarters. I excused myself, and visited 
Gen'l Thomas. He received me very complaisantly and wrote a billet 
immediately to Gen'l Frye to come and dine with me at his table, 
which he did. We dined very agreeably ; after dinner Gen'l Thomas, 
one other gentleman and myself rode to Dorchester Neck and viewed 
the lines there, which are within point blank shot of the enemy. 
There is two Regiments posted here. These lines are very defenci- 
ble. We then returned to Roxbury, viewed the Fort and lines there, 
which are very strong. The enemy have been very quiet. This. day 
there was a conference between Major Tupper and the Regulars at 
their lines on the Neck. They told him they could destroy all our 
seaports; He told them they would do us a great favor, as it would 
take off our attention from Trade, and put us on agriculture, for we 
had a fine fertile country, enough to employ millions of people, a land 
that produced every necessary of life. He also told them we never 
would submit so long as a man was alive. I supped with the Gen'l 
and lodged there, had a very good bed to myself and rested well.' 
Major Tupper brought out a letter from Treasurer Gray to his son 
Allen Oates ; this is the contents. 


Boston, Aug. 3, 11*15. 

Dear Ciiild, — As this letter goes open, have nothing to say at pre- 
sent, but that notwithstanding I do not feed upon those dainties I 
formerly did, I have a clear conscience, which at these trying times 
is a continual feast. Your brother Jack is gone in Lewis's brig to 

. Your brother TJarry's wife talks of spending the Winter in 

London, so that I expect to be in the condition of father Jacob. I 
could wish my children had their father's firmness. Whether I shall 
see them all again, God only knows. Lot that be as it may I must 
submit. I wish you and yours well and must entreat you not to give 
yourself any concern about me. 

Farewell my dear child. H. Gray. 

P. S. The bearer is just a going. 

There was one other letter from Gen'l Brattle, the subject matter of 
which treated chiefly of Grapes, Apricots and Babbits. He also wrote 
in his letter that he heard the Port of Boston was quite open, and the 
Custom House kept in Boston as usual, and that a ship on the 4th of 
this month brought into Boston two thousand and two hundred Bar- 
rels of Flour, and that Mr. Wiswell's wife and eldest daughter were 
dead with a flux. 

Sunday ye 6th Aug. 1775. Overcast morning. Breakfasted with 
Gen'l T., then Mr. Gouch waited upon me to General Ward's. I 
went to worship with him in the field. Dined with him, attended 
worship in the afternoon. Gen'l Spencer invited me to his quarters, 
where I spent some time with a number of Connecticut officers, and 
three parsons. I then returned to General Thomas's. Several build- 
ings were burnt on Charlestown Neck by our people. The ships 
fired ten shot at them. Two ships came in (one brought in a sloop 
with sumo live stock), one of which was supposed to come from Eng- 
land, as she was saluted by the castle and Admiral. Lodged at Gen'l 
Thomas's. Breakfasted there. 

Monday, Aug. *, 1775. Went to Watertown, dined with sundry of 
the«ounciland some gentlemen from Philadelphia, who said there 
waa a large quantity of powder come in there from * * * sent there 
from Holland, seven wagon loads, which * * * * 
W: '"" (1 "" (!r "'' W**Mngton, who received me very politely. I drank 
1 ul " i "." ™<* Mm. He said he was sorry he could not accom- 
;'";""'• ™ With lodging, and asked me to dine with him next day. I 
lodged al Bradish's; 

Tu, -,l:,v Aug. S 1775. I breakfasted with Gen'l Putnam, after 
;, h "; .'•'"; '"" with * * * Jarvisdawn to the lines, and dined with 
Gen Washington, where one Colonel and six Capts. of the Riflemen 

•1"»<I. llus morning there came to town about ^00 riflemen, two com- 

AU GUST 1 775. 

i*s£>xs lite TfU* * V- PiA^/(rU ^^^L JVIJL*^ 


fci J CLq/i*aA*il***t ^m &*" far**- (W* 

J4i,HB»fi J r«,Mt"ft»M'St.lio 

72? fcuce- paye- 6Z~ 


panies he had before, and several more are expected to-morrow. After 
dinner, rode down to the lines. In the evening some of the riflemen 
crawled within 100 yards of the enemy's lines, and killed one sentry. 
They fired very briskly from their breastwork. Spent the evening 
with several of the Provincial Colonels. 

Wed. Aug. 9. Overcast. This morning met with a man that de- 
serted from the regulars this day fortnight, as sensible and intelligent 
a fellow as I ever met with. He was at Lexington fight. He says 
he came out with Lord Percy, and that he asked a young fellow of his 
acquaintance who fired first. 

The soldiers when they first came where the Provincials were, one 
of them flasht his piece, on which a regular officer fired and swung 
his gun over his head, and then there was a general fire. They had 
75 killed and missing, 233 wounded. He was also at Bunker's Hill, 
where there was killed and died of their wounds 100, and 351 wound- 
ed that recovered. He took the account from Gen'l Eobinson. He 
says before he came out there died eight men of a-day, one day with 
another, and that they could not muster more than 6000 men. 

I dined with Gen'l Putnam, the Colonel, and four of the Capts. of 
the Riflemen who arrived this day with three companies. There are 
about 800 in camp. Spent the afternoon most agreeably, and set 
out for home at four o'clock. Waited on Gen. Lee, drank a glass of 
wine with him. He told me he was much obliged to me for the honor 
I had done him by that visit. I set forward, soon heard a brisk firing 
at Bunker's Hill, which continued till I got to Newall's, cannon and 
small arms. Lodged there. 

Thurs. Aug. 10th. Overcast. This morning a Cape Ann Man came 
in who informed me Tuesday morning they discovered a man of war 
coming out of Marblehead. Soon after made two schooners in the 
offing standing . 

Wednesday, October 23d, 1116. Arrived at Watertown at 2 o'clock. 

Friday Oct. 25. The committee to examine what saltpetre there 
was in this State, reported there was fit for manufacture into powder 
124,500 lbs. Voted that £50.000, be struck off, and that sum borrow- 
ed at 6 per ct. and the money borrowed from sundry gentlemen before 
this time, draw 6 per. ct. also. 

An acct. of Taxes on the several towns in the County of Cumber- 

Falmouth, 281£ 



North Yarmouth 




Scarborough, 213£ 






Gorham, ' 134£ 



Harp swell, 




Windham, 48£ 



Cape Elizabeth, 




New Gloucester 64 






New Boston, 16 




Each States proportion of $3,000,000 by Congress. 

New ITampshire, $124.069J Pennsylvania, $372,208^ 

Massachusetts, 434.244 Delaware, 3*7.2191 

Rhode Isl. 71.959| Maryland, 310. 174^ 

Connecticut, 248.139 Virginia, 496.278 

New York, 248.139 North Carolina, 248.139 

New Jersey, 161.290 South Carolina, 248.139 

That each Colony pay its respective quota in four equal annual pay- 
ments. The first payment to be made on or before the last day of 
November 1779. The second, on or before the last day of November, 
1780. The third, on or before the last day of Nov. 1781. The other, 
1782. I 

Wednesday ye 31st Oct. Came to the choice of a board of war 
consisting of nine members, chosen by joint ballot with the board, viz. 

Hon. James Bowdoin, Boston. 

Brigadier Palmer, Branse (?) 

Brigadier Prescott, Groton. 

Mr. Alen Oates, Boston. 
Genl. Whitcomb, " 

Mr. Bromfield, " 

Mr. Saml. Savage, " 

Mr. Jackson, Newbury. 

Col. Glover. Marblehead. 

A committee was appointed to procure slops for our Northern and 
Southern armies, and one commissary to deal them out to the soldiers 
at the first cost aud charges. 

Tuesday, Nov. 1st, 1776. An express was sent to Tyconderoga, 
that the Court might know what situation our armies are in. Com- 
mittees were chosen, and sent to our Northern and Southern armies, 
to enlist Twelve Battalions, more should be immediately raised for 
the speedy reinforcement of our army at the Northwest. 

Nov. 2d. Last Wednesday arrived in Dartmouth a ship from Old 
France. Shebroughl three thousand stand of arms, three hundred 
roll barrels of powder, thirty tons of lead, and thirty barrels of tin 

j? ate8 , The s f thc Generalisamo of France, a Colonel in the 

French pay, came passenger in the said ship, with several others, 
-!,.. brought an accounl thai the King of Prance had 100.000 men in 


• v <h. Delivered the committee of accounts, Mr William's 

, ^ d0a ? t : glen's acct. of snpplies to the Indian. The 

•■'••••■'■■'l'i r; .M.nM,,vi,wlh, Formations in the harbor of Bos 
the following gentlemen. 



Brigadier Palmer, Genl. Whitcomb, 

Mr. Thomas dishing, Col. Orn, 

Mr. Wendall, Mr. Brown of Boston, and myself. 

We embarked at Long* Wharf at 9 o'clock, and proceeded to Nan- 
tasket or Hull, which is situated between two hills, — but a very few 
old houses. We viewed the Fort aud two batteries. The fort has 
five bastions and 16 embrasures, 10 nine pounders, all mounted on 
stocked carriages. A redoubt for five cannon, but it is proposed 
there should be only two 42 pounders, and one 18 pounder, which is 
now at the pier. For one other redoubt with eight embrasures, has 
mounted on it one 24 pounder, three 18 pounders, and 4 nine pds. 
del'd. butitis proposed to place in this redoubt four 42 pel's., they 
lay upon the pier, in stocked carriages. We then proceeded to Cas- 
tle Island, where Shirley Battery was erected to consist of 16 embra- 
sures. At the * * * there are fourteen 42 pounders, seven 32 pd's, 
three 18 pds. one 24 pdr. one 12 pdr. three 6 pds. and a number of 
small cannon. Another battery building to contain 14 guns, and 
another battery designed. 

Wednesday Morning, Nov. 13th. Went to board at Mrs. Grays. 
The bill for drafting one quarter part of the militia and alarm list from 
16 years and upwards, to be held ready to march. 

November 14th. Voted that all the men stationed at Falmouth 
and Cape Elizabeth be dismissed except the company of montrosses, 
and that one company of montrosses consist of 50 men, officers in- 

Novem. 15th. Mr. Dalton and Col. Orn chose a committee to con- 
fer with the other states to prevent the further emmission of paper 
currency. 16th. £2000 Granted to the Commissary to day, for Salt- 
petre a 4. 3. till next June, and after that, till the January 3. 5. 

Deacon Davis, Jedidiah Preble and Wm. Storer appointed a com- 
mittee empowered by the Genl. Court to purchase one third part of 
the ship Julius Cassar, burthen 300 tons, her appurtenances and cargo, 
guns and small arms, 4 Bbls Powder, 6—4 Pounders, 4 — 3 do. and 12 
small arms. The Committee purchased the said ship and cargo of 
Capt. Williams, Officers and Agents, for 10.000£ L.M. for the use of 
the States. 

An Acc't of the Cargo. 


Stationery, ■ 36 

Mustard, 68 

Linens, 718 

Flour and Bread, 610 
Brandy, Rum & Gin, 485 

Bacon and Hams, 611 

Butter, 155 

. £ 



Irish Linens, 




To Cows, 




Irish Provisions, 




Oil and Pickles, 





















































Red Port, 




Shoes and Boots, 








Pork and Cheese, 








Ginger bread, 
















Loaf Sugar, 








The three Battalions to be raised for during the War, are to have 
£:M bounty, one suit of new clothes yearly, and Continental pay. 
For those in the Province of Maine, Col. Francis of Beverly, Lt. Col. 
Noah Moulton Littlefield, of Wells, and Major Leith of Georgetown. 

November 22d, 1776. The Bill for establishing an Independent 
Company of Cadets in Falmouth was r*ead the third time, and after 
many debates was ordered to lie on the Table. 

The Committee of War. 

Gcnl. Warren, of Plymouth. Ellis Gray, Boston. 

Saml. Phelps, Boston. Col. Prescott, Boston. 

Jona. Jackson, Ncwburyport. John Brown, Boston. 

Saml. A.. Oates, Boston. Thos. Walker, lately from 
Col. Glover, Marblehead. Canada. 

A Supply bill was brought in to enable the Treasurer to answer the 
Drafts of the Board of War to the amount of 200,000£, forwhich the 
Treasurer is ordered to issue his notes to the orders of said 15>>ard of 
War. None of which notes to be under ten pounds, redeemable 
March 1779. 

Dec. 2, 1776. A supply bill passed the house for 200,000. A war- 
rant was to be drawn on the Treasurer in favor of the Board of War, 
they to draw the same out as they Bhould have occasion. 

Dr. Dunsmofe, M r. Metcalf and myself were a committee to appoint 
all the Captains and subalterns for three battalions, and to sign the 
beating orders. 

Dec. 6th. One Bill for 20,034£. One Bill passed before for the 
emmission of 70,000. An act passed to enable the Treasurer of this 
State to issue his warrants to all collectors by the last day of January 
next, who are deficient in paying the several sums due from them, 

from the year L768 to 1771, and to issue his Execution againsl all 
Collectors for the year 17 7."> immediately. 

Eli'n'r Richardson allowed 11 lit for damage and the use of his 

house for the guard. 
An account from Earrison Gray, Treasurer, given in to the Gen'l 

Court of w!i it th" Collectors were in arrears who were appointed in 

■ ■ County of Cumberland, 



In the Town of Falmouth. 

£ s. d. 
Josiah Noyes, 1765, 214 7 
Peter Woodbury " 230 9 6 
David Noyes, 1166, 84 14 8 

Benj. Haskell, 1769, 20 10 11 
Isaac Ilsley, 1769, 91 09 01 

John Starboard, 1771, 82 00 00 
Anthony Morse, 1773, 200 00 00 
Jabez Jones, 1773, 59 18 07 

Gape Elizabeth. 
Jonath'nMitchell,1767,212 10 08 
Jeremiah Jardin, 1769, 163 11 02 
James Leach, 1771, 135 12 06 
Stephen Eandall, 1772, 74 00 03 
Chas. Peoples, 1773, 95 11 11 

North Yarmouth. 
Benj. Parker, 1772, 27 12 05 

John Drinkwater, 1773, 20 00 10 


Thos. Libbey, 1765, 132 10 6 
Royal Tyler, 1766, 92 17 04 

John Fogg, 1768, 37 5 04 

Jos. Boothbay, 1773, 60 14 05 
Matthew Libbey, 1773, 42 00 00 

Wm. Gowell, 1767, 4 1 5 

Jos.Linscut, 1773, 9 19 4 


Hugh Craig, 1765, 
Thos. Foot, 1767, 
Wm. Batten, 1769, 
Thos. Body, 1770, 
Richd. Doolb, 1771, 

£ s. d- 

24 11 8 

2 17 4 

34 5 

12 5 10 

13 8 5 

Richd. Mabury, 1772, 24 6 4 


Eben Hinckley, 1763, 26 9 3 

Saml. Mitchim, 1770, 25 13 5 

No Return, 1771, 59 17 9 

Robt. Given, 1773, 20 08 5 


No Return, 1764, 49 4 4 

Jas. Gilkey, 1767, 9 15 8 

Wm. Olacken, 1769, 41 7 3 

Austin Alden, 1771, 26 7 5 

Barna Bangs, 1772, 55 14 3 

Pearson Town. 

No Return, 1764, 16 7 5 

Taxes, 1772, 12 7 6 

1773, 9 5 8 

New Boston. 
Taxes for years 1772-3, 14 4 9 

New Gloucester. 
Taxes for yrs. 1772-3, 35 17 10 

April 5, 1777. A bill passed to punish those that shall counterfeit 
any of the notes or certificates of this State. In case of conviction 
to sit on the gallows one hour, to pay a fine not exceeding 100£, six 
months imprisonment, to be whipt not exceeding thirty nine lashes, 
and to pay threble damages, and if not able to pay the charges, to be 
sold for a limited lime. The Tories that have absented from this State 
to the enemy, their estates are to be leased out by agents appointed 
for that purpose, and if there is no agent, then the committee of 
safety, &c. 

April 9. A Bill passed which subjects the Tories estates, that have 
been deserted this State, to pay all the just debts. One agent to be 
appointed to take all said estates into his hands, and dispose of the 
same for the aforesaid purpose. Simeon Mayo's petition committed 
to Capt. Snow, Col. Storer and Coll r Mosley, the prayer granted. 

April 21. Voted that there be granted to the town of Falmouth 
200 small arms, and that there be 108 bbls. of Pork, and 1086 bbls. 
Flour, and 20 bbls. of Rice, and if the Militia are called in they are 



to be supplied out of the same as long 1 as they shall be in actual ser- 
vice, also ten bbls. of powder and 1000 lead balls. Cow t£. Cotton 
by wholesale 3s. 4d., by retail, 4s., Butter Is. 2d., Chocolate 2s., Flax 
Is. 2d., Tow Cloth 2s. 4d., Yard wide, Cotton and Linnen 4s.. 
Tanned Hide 4d. Keeping one Yoke of Oxen. — ! — 

An Act. 

Any towns of thirty voters are, if they are not able to send a re- 
presentative, to join the next town, provided two thirds of the thirty 
were for it. One man to be appointed in every town to make a strict 
enquiry into the conduct of those that are suspected persons, as being 
enimical to the United States, and to make out a list of such men's 
names, who are to be returned to the selectmen, they are then to call 
a meeting and. ***** 

April 20. Arrived a ship at Portsmouth with 58 pieces of Brass 
Cannon. Tents for ten thousand men. Clothing for 12,000. 5, TOO 
stand arras. Ten tons of powder. 24 Officers of Artillery, a quantity 
of lead and balls, she had three months passage. 

Fortifications in 

the neighborhood of Bostc 



c d 



•- o 

rt no 

Names of Places. 

T3 . 

- :/. 



r3 go 











• o o 

3 d 

o a 


No. of men 
: other time 
in war. 

Hull .... 







Pabkoks . . 





Horse-neck . 




Long Island . 





Moon Island . 





.'. . . 




Qastie.Isl. . 





Governors Isl. 





Dor. Point . 





Dor. Heights 
Doct. BaBry 








Noddles Isl'd 





. 500 


Boston . . 




• 500 













Sat. May 21, 1777. I set out from my own house in Falmouth at 7 
o'clock for Boston. 1 stopped at Bradburys and oated my horse, 
then proceeded to Kimballs, dined, aid then rode as far as .Maxwells 
in Wells, oated my horee, drank half a mug of toddy, and proceeded 
to. York. Lodged at Wpodbridges. After 1 went to bed Mr. Vaughn 
from Scarboro- arrived. 


Sunday the 25th. We set forward at 6 o'clock, proceeded to Ports- 
mouth, passed the Ferry, and just as we were about to mount, Mr. 
Vaughn's friend found he had left his bag at York, called the boat 
back as it had just put off, and he returned to York for his bag. I 
proceeded to Greenland, put up at Mr. Folsom's. Went to meeting 
in the forenoon. Dined there on roast veal, then set forward as far 
as Welles at Hampton Falls, where Mr. Vaughn joined me. We 
supped and repaired to bed. 

Monday, May 26. We set forward, breakfasted at Davenports at 
Newbury, set forward, went by Byfield and called at Mr. Moody's 
school to see my son ; found him well. Left him a suit of clothes and 
proceeded to Ipswich and dined on soused salmon, then proceeded to 
Peamonts ten miles from Treadwell's, oated our horses and proceeded 
to Newell's at Lynn, when we met with Mr. Archer and Capt. North, 
who built a ship at Falmouth, drank a glass of Madeira with them, 
then supped on hashed veal, drank a bowl of toddy and repaired to 

Tuesday, May 27th. Set forward before breakfast, proceeded to 
Winnissimett Ferry, wind blew very hard. We left our horses at 
Watts', and crossed the Ferry. I proceeded to Bracket's, where I 
arrived at. 10 o'clock, breakfasted and dined at Bracket's, where I saw 
my son Eben just come out of the hospital.* I spent the afternoon 
with some of my old friends, and the evening at the Town House with 
a number of the members of the House. 

Wednesday, May 28th. At ten o'clock the house met. Eead the 
precepts, and at 12 o'clock walked in procession with the council, the 
Cadet Company under arms, and a band of music, to the old brick 
meeting house, f where the Revd. Mr. Webster of Salsbury delivered 
a sermon well adapted to the occasion. I dined in Faneuil Hall, with 
the council, minister, and the Cadet Company ; at four, the house met 
and proceeded to the choice of 18 Councillors for the Colony of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay. There were but 13 chosen the first day, the House 
adjourned till tomorrow at 9 o'clock. 

A list of the Councillors for the year Iff?. 

The number of the Board, 16 

On the part of the House, 1?7=193 

97 makes a vote. 

* His eldest son, who had been sick with smallpox, 
t Near head of State Street, site of Joy's Building. 



These 13 were chosen the first day. 


Danl. Hopkins, 123 
These below are the gentlemen's names having: the most votes. 

James Bowdoin, 



Jos. Palmer, 

Caleb Cushing, 

1 1 


Sam'l Holten, 

Jabez Fisher, 

i < 


John Whitcomb, 

Benj. Greenleaf, 



Artemas Ward, 

Eichd. Derby, 



Moses Gill, 

Benj. Austin, 



Benj. White, 

Thos. Cushing, 



Timo. Edwards, Esq. 


Eben'r Thayer, 



Francis Dana, " 


Henry Gardner, 



Aaron Wood, " 


John Pitt, 



Eben'r Brooks, 


Oliver Prescott, 



Major Fuller, ." 


Wm. Phillips, 



Timothy Davidson, " 


Thursday, May 29. The House met and proceeded to the choice 
of five councillors to ma'ke up the 18. After several times voting 
the number was made up, then we proceeded to the choice of the 
other council, finished about 6 o'clock, and adjourned to tomorrow at 

9 o'clock. 

Friday, May 30th, 1777. The House met and proceeded to examine 
the precepts. It appeared no return had been made from the County 
of Cumberland and Lincoln. Mr. Pickering then addressed the 
Speaker, and told him it had-been practised in»case any member whose 
precept was not returned, could make it probable he had been legally 
chosen for him to keep his seat until it should be returned, and de- 
sired I might be called on for that purpose. I told the speaker I was 
loath to come, but as I had received so great a majority as 99 out of 
102 votes, I thought I was under an obligation to accept. The ques- 
tion was put whether I should keep my seat, and passed unanimously. 
I dined this day at my lodgings. 

Saturday, May 31. Esq. Douglass returned from Ticonderoga, 
who was sent there last session, to inquire into the state of our army, 
ne was admitted to the floor of the House, and informed there was 
great want of blankets, clothing and small stores, that they had good 
meat, bread and peas. That there was about the 20th of May 3000 
troops in good health, and that he met a great number of soldiers on 
their way, supposed to arrive in two days, as would make up 4000, 
and that great quantity of our provisions and other stores were left 
last winter on the roads to Ty., and that some of them had been squan- 
dered away by the teamsters. At 1 o'clock adjourned to Monday 

10 o'clock. I dined at my lodging. Went to Watertown in a whale- 
boat in company with a number of young gentlemen. Put ashore at 
Cambridge and refreshed ourselves, then proceeded to Watertown 


where we arrived at sunset. I supped and lodged there at Mr. Par- 
kers, breakfasted at Mr. Crofts, and attended (June 1st) public wor- 
ship all day. Dined at Mr. Crofts and supped and lodged there, with 
a large company. 

Monday, June 2nd. Breakfasted with Mr. Parker and rode to Bos- 
ton with him in his chaise. The house met at 10 o'clock. It was 
voted to appoint a committee to procure and forward the stores to the 
soldiers of this State, both to the N. & S. Dined at home. At 3 
o'clock the house met and came to the chose of 5 men for said com- 
mittee, and the following men were chosen, viz. Col. Orn, Capt. Hos- 
mer, Capt. Washburn, Mr. Patridge and Mr. Webster. 

Tuesday, June 3rd. A resolve passed that the commissary, one 
for the North, one for the South Dep't should distribute the slops and 
small stores to our soldiers at the regulating prices. 

Wednesday, June 4. Loud reports prevailed that there had been 
an engagement with the enemy, and that we had greatly the ad- 

Thursday, June 5. A report of a joint committee of both Houses 
reported that an Expedition be formed again. A number of regulars 
attempted to fortify the River St. Johns. One battalion to be raised 
in the Easterly part of this State. And another battalion to be raised 
in Novaso [Nova Scotia?], for which the commanding officer that 
should be appointed, should carry blank commissions with him. 

Friday, June 6. The House accepted the report of the above said 
committee, and appointed a committee to provide store. 

Saturday, June 7. The House chose Field Officers for the St. John 
expedition. Chose Col. Little, Brigadier ; Col. Allen, First Col.; John 
Preble, Lieut. Col.; and Mr. Smith of Machias, Major. Left it to the 
field officers to choose Chaplain, Adjutant and Sergeant. The House 
chose Quartermaster. The Board of War to agree with two armed 
vessels to go on the Expedition and to furnish all the apparatus of 
war and provisions for the same. Col. Hollan was apprehended and 
committed to jail, as was also Nathan Jones. 

Sunday, June 8th. A fine day. 

Monday, June 9th. Overcast, the House were on the regulating 

Tuesday, June 10th. Rainy day. Debating the regulating act — 
Came to a vote, 153 votes, 31 for repealing the act. The committee 
on the Pearsontown petition reported that the town should be incor- 
porated, provided the inhabitants have leave to tax all the lands in 
said town a half penny an acre during the term of four years. 

Wednesday, June 11. The consideration of what sum shall be 
raised the present year. Referred the same to the second Wednesday 
of the next sitting of the Court. 


Thursday, June 12. Rainy weather. The House voted to come to 
the consideration of forming a new constitution. 

County of Suffolk, 






" Berkshire 






" Dukes 






" Middlesex 




" Bristol 






262 of which have a right to send Representatives from each of the 
Towns. There is in this State 7500 bushels of salt, a committee was 
chosen to distribute the salt to the inland towns. 

Friday, June 13. Afternoon, the slave bill was taken up, and after 
long debate it was voted it should lie, until a committee chosen for 
that purpose should write to Congress to know their minds, whether 
it would be agreeable to them that we should free the negroes.* When 
the Committee reported the letter, the house rejected it and let it lie 
until Monday. 

Sunday, June 15th. An overcast day, went to Mr. Stillman's 

Monday, June 16. Mostly on petitions. 

Tuesday, June IT. The Court received a pressing letter from Gen'l 

Putnam, to send forward all the recruits to fill up the Continental 

Battalions, as Gen'l Washington expected a general engagement 

every day. 

Wednesday, June 18. Voted a bounty of 6£ to each non-commis- 
sioned officer and soldier who should engage in the Expedition to 
St. Johns River. Chose Muster Masters, Col. Waite for the County 
of Cumberland. I was this day on three Committees of both Houses ; 
one for regulating the Militia. 
Thursday, June 19. A fine day. 

Friday, June 20. At 10 o'clock the Court came to the choice of a 
Councillor for the Province of Maine in the place of Mr. Chauncy, 
who resigned. The votes of the House were 98, and the votes of the 
Board 10. I had 101 votes. At 11 o'clock the Board sent a message 
to the House, requesting that I might be sent up to take my seat at 
the Hon. Board. I was then asked by the Speaker if I would accept. 
I rose and expressed myself in the following manner. Mr. Speaker, 
I return my grateful acknowledgements to the House for voting me 
a seat at the Hon. Board, and am fully sensible of the great honor 
they have done me, and stated that it would have afforded me great 
pleasure and satisfaction to have kept my seat in the Hon. House, 

* In Vol. IV. Mass. Hist. Coll., 4th Scries, pp. 333, is an able article on Shivery in 
Massachusetts, which Btates thai the Supreme Court in 1700 decided, In the ease James ■»• 

Leehniere, essentially that slavery did not exist by law in Massachusetts. 


but as it was their Honors' pleasure to remove me to the Board, I 
accepted of the great honor conferred upon me, and as I ever had, so 
I was resolved I ever would do everything in my power for the pre- 
servation of the rights and freedom of my bleeding country, and hope 
my future conduct in the exalted station they had raised me to, would 
justify their partiality in my favor. Capt. Henry Young Brown's pe- 
tition came up to the Board ; the Committee of both Houses to whom 
it was referred reported that he have leave to withdraw his petition. 
The petition of Palatiah Webster praying he might have liberty to 
pay the net proceeds of the sale of a sloop, to Abial Wood (which 
amounted to $2000) to said Wood, was committed to a Committee of 
the House. They reported in favor of said prayer. It was read at 
the Board, and on a motion made, it was ordered to lie on the table 
until Dr. Taylor came in. The petition of the Committee of Safety of 
Gorham was committed to Mr. Pitts and others ; they reported that 
said committee take the steps of the law to recover said goods. Major 
Fraser from Philadelphia told me some time in April last, that they 
had obliged the Schot. (?) merchants of that State to purchase a ship 
and depart for Europe, to the amount of two hundred and thirty. 

Sat. June 21. A fine day. A letter from Ty. was read at the 
Board, dated ye 6th June, which represented our soldiers there to be 
in great want of blankets, arms and clothing. Capt. Job Prince, who 
came from Rhode Island Wed. (who was lately taken), informed the 
Board he was informed there were 130 of our men prisoners in that 

Sunday, June 22. Overcast. Mr. Paine and I went to Mr. Stillman's 
meeting in the morning, where I heard an excellent sermon, on the fol- 
lowing subject, viz. "I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to 
repentance." In the afternoon we went with Brigadier Danielson who 
joined us, to hear Dr. Eliot. We got there before the meeting began, 
and went into his house. We found he had a country minister with 
him who was to preach, and we being disappointed hearing the Dr., 
went to Mr. Lothrop's meeting. Nothing new. 

Monday, June 23. It rained a little. At 10 o'clock, A.M. the 
Council met and passed on several petitions, then adjourned to 3 
o'clock, met and voted that several Muster Rolls presented to the 
Board should be allowed and warrants granted for the payment of the 
same. A man from Halifax was before the Board, who with some 
others made their escape in a whale boat. He informs me that a ship 
arrived there, and told them that they left a fleet four days past, con- 
sisting of tO sail, with 3000 troops on board, and that there were 
15000 troops at Halifax, 600 of the best of which they detached for 
New York, and that they were short of provisions. What were left 


are very sickly, not more than 300 fit for duty. The Rainbow of 
40 guns was at Halifax, and two others, one of which was the Cobat. 
The Board of war rec'd a letter from France, dated ye 25th of April 
last, informing them that France has now determined to have no war 
with England or any other power, and all the preparations she has . 
made, and been making in times past, for that purpose, are declined. 

An Account of Flour in several Magazines. 

At Concord, 1250 At Cambridge, 680 

" Watertown, 530 " Sudbury, 122 

" Westborough, 200 " Boston, 341 

" Delogge. Sherburne, 422 In the whole, 4545 

Rice purckased'by the barrel, 1300 
In Boston and Watertown, 417 

Boston and Watertown, 57£ tons of Bread. 


In Boston, 152 Quintals of Fish. 

Casks of Rice. 
Boston, 12 Sudbury, 1139 Cambridge, 40 

Westboro', 32 Concord, 8 Watertown, 12 

Casks of Peas — Boston, 20. Boxes of Candles, Firkins of Butter — 
Boston 41. Watertown, 100. 

The above are all Continental Stores. 

Wednesday, June 24, 17 77. A fine day. The Board met at 9 
o'clock. A committee was appointed, Capt. Hosmore and Mr. Hall 
from the House and myself on the part of the Board, to consider a 
letter from Gen'l Heath and report. One penny a mile allowed to each 
man drafted from the Militia to march to Ty. or other posts, for car- 
rying their own packs. 

Wednesday, June 25. The Board met at 9 o'clock. Mr. Dana 
presented the petition of Mr. John Peck, with a verbal report which 
was refused, as in all petitions directed to the whole Court, the re- 
port must be made in writing. 

Thursday, June 26th. A fine warm clear day. The Council met. 
The draft of a letter to the State of New Hampshire was read, desir- 
ing them to give liberty to their, men to enlist in the service of this 
State in an Expedition to St. John's Riyer. At 11 o'clock the Coun- 
cil and House adjourned till 3 o'clock. The Convention met in the 
Representatives' room. It was then voted that the eldest councillor 
should be the Chairman of the Convention. I being the oldest coun- 
cillor was desired by the body to take the chair. It being almost one 
o'clock, it was moved and seconded to adjourn to Monday next at 3 
P.M. Which wc proceeded to do. A letter was rec'd from Gov. Cook 
with two large packets of letters, from a number of gentlemen and 


ladies from York and Rhode Isl. to their friends in this State, all 
opened. Dined at Capt. Ervin's with several gentlemen. 

Friday, June 27. A fine day. The Council met at nine o'clock. 
A letter from Gen'l Pickering at Peaksville, representing our soldiers 
at that post as almost naked, and that Gen'l Washington had but 
8000, which he had represented as quite insufficient either to withstand 
Howe or to attack his army, and begged our troops might be sent 
forward immediately. In the afternoon it was voted by the Board 
that * * * * should be immediately engaged to carry the prisoners 
to Rhode Island, that are in this State, and to receive ours that are 
in their hands. 

A report from a committee of both Houses was reported to the 
Board, that the Houses had chosen Hon. Rob't Treat Paine and Col. 
Orn, a committee to consider with the States of York, Connecti- 
cut, Rhode Island and Hampshire, to confer on the expediency of 
carrying the Regulating Act into execution, and many other affairs 
of a public nature. The Board chose the Hon. Thomas dishing to 
meet the 30th of July next at Springfield. It rained this afternnon 
and in the night, and thundered. 

Sat. June 28. A cloudy morning. Mr. Webster, a gentleman from 
Philadelphia, and I went into the water, back of the magazine, which 
gave my blood a fine spring. The Board met at nine o'clock. A re- 
solve passed both Houses that Col. Win. Howard be directed to raise 
by enlistment one sergeant and five privates, to be employed in scout- 
ing on the frontiers. Adjourned until Monday at 10 o'clock. I went 
to Watertown and spent the Sabbath there very agreeably. 

Monday, June 30. Returned to Boston at 9 o'clock. A letter was 
read from Gen'l Spencer, informing that the front of Gen'l Washing- 
ton's army had attacked the rear of Howe's, and that three flat bot- 
tomed boats passed by the prison ship laden with the wounded men. 
There was also a boy before the Council, who said he left New York 
Tuesday last, and that he saw the day before several carts go by 
the prison where he was, laden with wounded men. The Council 
adjourned to three o'clock. Met the House in the Representatives' 
room in convention. As the Committees were not ready to report, 
they adjourned to the second Tuesday of the next sitting of the Court. 
After transacting some common business, adjourned until to morrow 
at 9 o'clock. 

Tues. July 1. A fine day. Several letters were written, viz. one 
to Congress, one to New York, and one to each of the New England 
States, acquainting them with a resolve of the Court to meet at Spring, 
field the 30th of July next, apd there in conjunction with such mem- 
bers as shall be sent by the other States, consider what method is 


best to be taken to prevent the depreciation of the currency of th« 
several States, and to consider what is best to be done relative to the | 
Regulating act. The Committee reported a commission for the Board 
of War. 

Wed. July 2nd. An overcast day. Nine o'clock the Council met. 
A letter from Gen'l Schuyler dated ye 28th of June last, informing 
that the enemies fleet and army were arrived at Crown Point, and that 
the troops with him were insufficient to defend the extensive lines and 
forts and Ty. About 12 o'clock the Hessians that were taken passed 
by the Town House. There was a very great crowd of spectators. 
The militia of Hampshire, were ordered to march immediately and 
rendevous at Fort Ann or Fort Edward for reinforcing the North- 
ern Army. The Council passed on Mr. Webster's petition praying 
he might have an order of County to pay Abial Wood $2000 — which 
he had of said Woods in his hands, that said Webster pay said money 
into the Treasurer of this State. Nath'l Jones' petition for enlarge, 
ment was considered, and voted that said Nath'l Jones be confined 
to the town of Newbound, it being made to appear that said Jones 
was enemical to his country. Dr. Churt had liberty to go to Rhode 
Island, to be exchanged for Dr. McIIenry. 

Thurs. July 3rd. The Council met at 9 o'clock. A fine day. A 
resolve passed that the Brigadiers of Hampshire and Berkshire should 
be ordered to march all the militia that was in their power, to muster 
immediately to Fort Edward or Fort Ann, with proper officers, there 
to rendevous, and to have the same pay and subsistence that other 
militia have had on like occasions. All persons concerned in Post 
riding to be exempt from personal military duty. Jos. Palmer was 
chosen third Maj. General of the militia of this State. Dined with 
Mr. Gill. At \ past 3 o'clock a General Council was convened and 
several civil officers chosen. The Gen'l Council was then adjourned 
until next Thurs. at 3 o'clock P.M. 

Friday, July 4th, 1777. A fine day. At 9 o'clock the Council met, 
transacted several affairs of a Public Nature. At £ past 10 the Coun- 
cil and House walked in procession to the Old Brick Meeting House, 
where Dr. Gordon preached from the 1st of Kings, Chapter 2, verse — . 
A discourse well adapted to the occasion. After service the Council 
and House walked in procession, the Company of Cadets at their head, 
about hall' way down the street by the Town House and back to the 
Council Chamber, where the Council and House of Representatives 
and a aumbei of gentlemen partook of a handsome collation provided, 
and many loyal toasts were drunk. The Council met at 3.30. I omit- 
ted to mention that the cannon were discharged at the Castle, Fort 
Hill, and from sundry ships in the harbor. Thirteen cannon were 



ired in the street below the Town House, and about 300 of the mili- 
ia of Boston, and the Cadet Company drawn up in the said street, 
ired three volleys. At night fireworks were played off, and several 
iihells thrown, and several thousand men and women assembled. 
Jen'l Ward, Brigadier Danielson, Mr. Paine and myself went on the 
jommon to see the performance. 

Sat. July 5. A very fine day. The Council met at 9 o'clock. A 
resolve of the house was sent up that Dr. Church who was on board a 
transport and had liberty from the Court to proceed to Rhode Island, 
should be taken from said vessel, and recommitted to jail. The Coun- 
cil unanimously non-concurred. The commissions of the Board of 
War, consented to by the House. By all the returns made by the 
several Colonels in the Continental Army, it appears there has been 
returned 7558 men, 

Sunday, July 6th. A fine day. Mr. Paine and I went in the morn- 
ing to Mr. Eliot's meeting. I dined at Mr. Cams, went to Mr. How- 
ard's meeting in the afternoon. 

Monday, July 1th. A fine day. The Council met at 10 o'clock. 
Capt. Claxton came before the Board, and informed them he arrived 
from France yesterday, and brought in 1 70 bbls. of powder, 40 chests 
of arms, 10 tons of lead, sundry anchors, cables, chain and rigging 
he took out of several vessels he had burnt. There was a resolve 
passed last Saturday, to give a bounty of 3 shillings per bushel for 
all the salt that shall, be made out of salt water, within this state. 
Several letters rec'd from Ty. informing the enemy was within three 
miles of Ty. 

Tuesday, July 8th. A fine day. The Council met at 9 o'clock. 
Yesterday nine members were chosen to form a board of War, the 
following gentleman, viz. Mr. Savage, Mr. T. Brown, Mr. Williams, 
Mr. Otis, Mr. Walker, Mr. Glover, Mr. Prescott, Mr. Osgood, Mr. 
Grey, who resigned, and Mr. Peleg Wadsworth who was chosen in 
his room. 12 o'clock a message came from the House to the Board, 
informing them they have despatched all public business, and desired 
a recess till the first Wednesday in September next, and were accord- 
ingly adjourned. 

Wednesday, July 9th. A rainy night and overcast day. At 10 
A.M. the Council met. Had sundry letters, one from Gen'l Schuyler, 
with a memorandum of sundry presents to be given to the chiefs of 
the Six Nations, who are to meet at Albany -the 15th of this month. 
The memorandum is as follows. 20 lbs. Vermillion. 50 doz. Knives. 
20 lbs. Verdigris. 100 doz. Nee lies. 10 doz. small looking-glasses. 

100 Bunches Beads. 12 pieces coarse Calico. 20 pieces . 4 

Boxes Short Pipes. 


Thursday, July 10. A fine day. The Board met at 10. A num- 
ber of commissions signed, and warrants delivered, and other public 
business transacted. 

An account taken from Mr. Ebenezer Davies : 

From Quebec to Detroit 1000 miles. From Michilimackinaw to De- 
troit 170 miles. Twagoloche, 60. 

Regulars at Niagara 600. At Fort Erie 60. At Detroit 80. At 
Michilimackinaw 270. At Quebec on the 13th of May there was 3|J 
armed vessels, from 44 guns down to 6. In the whole province ol 
Canada 10,000 Regulars. Forty men have been carried off in one day5 
at St. Johns by sickness. St. Johns Fort was burnt with all its stored 
in Feb. last. Burgoyne arrived at Quebec the 1st of May. The numl 
ber of cannon on the walls of Quebec 36. The Hessian troops very] 
sickly and uneasy. He was taken prisoner by the Kickapoos and 
carried 3 or 4 hundred miles to the Northward. 

Friday, July 11. A fine day. The Board met at 10. An express] 
arrived at the Board from Gen'l St. Clair, that on the night of the 6th] 
he had retreated and left Ty. which the enemy immediately took pos- 1 ' 
session of. The enemy proceeded to Skensburg, and thus this impor-j 
tant post was unaccountably given up. This evening at 9 o'clock ,| ] 
came Mr. Ward from Rhode Island State, one of their Council, whol- 
informed me that on the evening of the 10th inst. Lieut. Col. Barton.! I 
and Capt. Adams having certain intelligence that Gen'l Prescottl 
lodged in a house four miles out of town, and a quarter of a mile from 
the main guard, with only one sentry at the door. These two officer 
with 43 more, set off in boats from Warwick Neck, and proceeded t 
Rhode Island, which is about 8 or 9 miles, and landed within quarter 
of a mile of said house. They marched in three divisions. Col. 
Barton and Capt. Adams first advanced, the sentry hailed them and 
asked "Who was there?" They answered, "Friends." He bad 
them "advance and give the countersign." They accordingly ad- 
vanced and rushed on him and disarmed him. The fore door being 
bolted, they stove in one of the windows and jumped into the room 
The other men at the same time surrounded the house. They ran uj 
the stairs and burst open the chamber door which led into Major Gen' 
Prescott's chamber. He called out he was a General Officer in His 
Majesty's service, and hoped they would treat him like a gentleman, 
as he had alwa} T s treated the prisoners belonging to our State. Hi 
aid de camp jumped out of chamber window and was taken by the 
men below together with the sentry. All this was done without on 
gun being fired or any discovery being made. 

They repaired immediately to their boats with their prize. Just 
before they arrived at the place from whence they set out, the Islaud 

:.AW 1 


was alarmed. They got on shore just at break of day that morning. 
Gen'l Spencer sent his coach for Gen'l Prescott. 

Saturday, July 12. A rainy day. The Court met at 9 o'clock. Mr. 
Ward applied to the Court for assistance to defend their State. The 
Council took the affair into consideration, and resolved that a regi- 
ment should immediately be formed, consisting of eight companies, 
86 men in !each company, including non-commissioned officers and 

Sunday, July 13. An overcast day. An express arrived from 
Governor Trumbull, informing that Gen'l Howe had left the Jerseys 
and embarked his artillery, troops, and light horse, and had fallen 
down to Sandy Hook, on which the Council was collected together. 
At 9.30 o'clock orders were immediately issued, ordering all the mili- 
tia to be ready to march at a minute's warning, well equipped with 
arms and ammunition and six days provision. An express was sent 
to Dartmouth to send out two small swift sailing vessels as spies, and 
on their discovering any of the enemies vessels, to repair to the nigh- 
est port in this state and send by express an account of the same to 
the Council. .The Council adjourned till 12 o'clock. Went to Dr. 
Chauncy's meeting. Met according to adjournment. Passed several 
orders, adjourned till. to-morrow at 10 o'clock. 

Wednesday, July 16. * . * * * of those that were candidates 
for their 1st Degree, the number was forty one. The names of those 
who were candidates for the 2d degree, the number was seven ; these 
were proposed by the President of the Council for their approbation, 
that they might be admitted to take their respective degrees. Those 
that had taken their second degree before this time, the number was 
29. The President informed the Board that there was a member of 
the Corporation, and a tutor of Harvard College wanting. The Board 
gave direction to the corporation to choose two gentlemen in their 
room. Deacon Storer was chosen treasurer of the Corporation in the 
room of Hon. John Hancock. >«.,'»', 

Thursday, July 17. A very fine day. The Council met at noon. 
An express arrived from New Hampshire, requesting arms and lead, 
also gave an account that Howe with all his forces was got 30 miles up 
the North River. Thomas Cushing and myself were appointed to 
consider what power the Council were clothed with in the recess. 
Found their power so limited they did not choose to grant any fire 
arms, but gave orders to the Committee of War to furnish Hampshire 
with five tons of lead, and five thousand flints. 

Friday, July 18. A fine day. The Council met at 10 o'clock. 
Passed an order that a number of arms returned by Col. Graton 
should be received by the Committee. A warrant was ordered to be 


passed on the Treasurer to pay £400. to enable the Committee at 
Plymouth to pay the bounty to the men destined for the State of 
Rhode Island. An order was passed that the sheriff of the County 
of Suffolk should convey the Hessian non-commissioned officers to 
Cambridge jail to close confinement, and one officer sent to Newtown 
to be confined within two miles from where he lives, and to give his 
parole. Ordered that the Board of War deliver Dr. Abel Marsh and 
Chas. Phelps 300 arms for the use of Dan'l Clapp, appointed Commis- 
sary for the St. Johns Expedition. Also to said Phelps 150 lbs. pow- 
der, 300 lbs. Lead and 400 Flints. 

Sat. July 19. A very warm pleas' day. The Council met at 10 
o'clock. The Commissary Gen'l was ordered to lay in wood sufficient 
for 1000 men for three weeks at Noddle's Island ; for 1000 at the Cas- 
tle, and 1000 at Hull. Mr. Hodgdon came from Ty. He was in Ty. 
when it was taken, and says there was on the several forts 163 bbls. 
powder, 3000 bbls flour, and between 8 and 900 bbls. of beef and pork. 
It was with great reluctance the soldiers left Ty. Ten days before they 
left their posts, 400 arms arrived at the landing at the lower end of 
Lake George. Gen'l St. Clair on being informed of it, ordered them 
immediately back again to Fort Edward. Last night an express ar- 
rived from Portsmouth with despatches from Dr. Franklin from France, 
for Congress. Set (?) at 4 o'clock, A.M. 

Sunday, July 20th. A fine day. Went to hear Dr. Chauncy in the 
morning, and to hear Mr. Stillman in the afternoon. Spent the eve- 
ning with Gen'l Ward at Capt. Ervins. 

Monday, July 21. A fine day. The Council met at 10 o'clock. 
The Board received a letter from Dr. Franklin, in which he informs 
that he has purchased for the States 205 Brass 4-pounders, with their 
carriages, traces for the horses, shot, &c, 26 Brass Mortars, a great 
number of shell, 30,000 fusils, and that a number of expert officers of 
artillery and engineers, with avast quantity of powder, have been ship- 
ped and gone for America. The above letter is dated 27th of May 
last. A resolve of Council passed that 50 men should be drafted from 
the militia of Boston, to do duty at Hull, under the direction of Col. 
Craft, for six weeks. A letter from Mr. Deane, and one from Mr. Lee, 
was received, who writes very encouraging^, that a quantity of ca- 
bles, anchors, sailcloths, hats and coarse linen from Spain, were ship- 
ped for America. On the petitions of Capt. Bray and Deane that they 
might have liberty to go to Caprisal (?) and bring up their wives and 
children and effects : As it appeared to the Council they were well 
affected to this State, their prayer was granted. Dr. Church petition- 
ed the Council for liberty of the yard, but as he was ordered to close 
confinement, the Council did nol enlarge him, supposing they had not 
the power. 


On Nathan Jones petition praying that he might have leave to 
return home from his confinement to the limits of New Town, the 
Council gave the petitioner leave to withdraw his petition. • 

At 10.30 Gen'l Ward came to my room with Mr. Brackett, and read 
an express from Gov. Trumbull, that 40 sail of square rigged vessels 
were standing down the sound. The Council immediately met and 
sat until after two in the morning. Sent out expresses to the several 
Counties, ordering the Brigadiers and Colonels to draft half the militia, 
well equipped with arms and ammunition, and six days provision, and 
march immediately to the State of Rhode Island, and order the Select- 
men of each town to send waggons with provisions after them. 

Tues. July 22nd. Last night it rained. An overcast day, wind 
N. E. The Board met at 9 o'clock, sent an express to Gen'l Lovett 
to hold his Brigade ready to march to the defence of the Harbor of 

An account of what Colonels were sent to raise half of the militia 
for the defence of Rhode Island, viz. : 

Colonels Brooks, Balard, Denney, Whitney, Read, Convers, Whee- 
lock, Cushing, Ward, Holinan and Howe. 

Colonels commanding the troops in the Continental Service for three 
years, viz. : 

Colonels Francis, Vose, Brewer, Alden, Wigglesworth, Bailey, 
Nixon, Wesson, Greatan, Putnam, Jackson, Marshall, Sheppard, Bige- 
low, Bradford, Crane, Henry Jackson and Col. Lee. The whole num- 
ber of men enlisted in the several Regiments is 7816. 

Wed. July 23. An account of what emissions of bills of credit 
have been made in the State of Massachusetts since April, 1YT5 : 

May, 1775. Cash borrowed on Province Notes, payable 
in silver and gold, $75,000 

May 8, 1776. One emmission of Treasury Notes to be 
redeemed by money due this State from the Continental 
pay, June, 1777, 50.000 

July 2, 1776. One emmission of Treasury Notes paya- 
ble June, 1778, 100.000 

One emmission for Bounties, 200.000 

One emmission same year, 206 400 

One emmission, 50.000 

Note. All the above is on interest. 


Money emitted not on interest. 
17 7-. August, one emmission of Bills, 


L778, 1779, 1 



March, one 

emmission of Bills, 


June, " 

" payable in 1778, 


Sept. 16, " 

" in Mar. 1781, 


Oct. 29, " 

. " " " 1781, 


Nov. " 

" for 



Total' not on Interest, 



" on " 
Total of Bills of credit, $1 



Tliurs. July 24, 1777. A fine day. Council met at 9. An express 
from Mr. Cook informing us the Transports, the sight of which alarm- 
ed us so much, were either bound for Europe, or designed to take hay 
off Fisher's Island. We therefore sent out counter orders to stop 
their march ; and one other express requiring our assistance, we order- 
ed the 6th part of the militia in the County of Worcester, and the 6th 
part of one regiment out of the County of Middlesex to march imme- 
diately for the Northern Army. This afternoon I rode to Dorchester 
Neck in Brackett's chaise, went to the Castle and was very hand- 
somely entertained. They have got the repairs of the Castle in fiue 
forwardness ; the cannon mostly mounted, and the works as far as 
they are finished are ten times preferable to the forme: works. 

Friday, July 25. A fine clear day. The ..Council met at 9 o'clock. 
The Secretary asked leave to be absent this da3 T , which was granted. 
A letter from Col. Marshall, dated the 17th July, at Fort Miller, com- 
plaining they wanted everything, and begged they might be relieved- 
At 11 A.M. a Gen'l Council was held. The following named gentle- 
men were appointed to the following offices, viz. : 

Win. Pynchon, Sheriff for County of Hampshire. 

John Whittier, of Haverhill, Justice for County of Essex. 

Seth Sweetwser, of Charlestown, " " " " Middlesex. 

Clement Jordan, of Cape Elizabeth, Justice of Peace for County of 

James Bowdoin, of Boston, ditto of Suffolk. 

Peleg Wadworth, of Plymouth, ditto of Plymouth, 

Win. Wliittemore, of Salem, ditto of Essex. 

Saturday, July 26. A foggy morning. The Council met at 9 
o'clock and passed several orders. Application was made by a Cap- 
tain of the Train that lie might have an order to enlist three men out 


of the Guard Ship who were willing to serve us. The Council thought 
it would be best to send them to Rhode Island, and redeem some of 
our people out of the enemies hands. This morning our committee 
returned from Providence. Liberty was granted Col, Peter Frye of 
Salem, to depart for Nova Scotia, on request of tho Committee of 

The Capt. of the Cartel vessel is ordered to take all the seamen on 
the Guard Ship, except those taken in the Fox, man of war. The 1st. 
Lieut, behaved in such a manner to the Commissioner of Prisoners, 
that he ordered him put in irons. 

Sunday, July 27. A very warm day. In the morning I went to 
Mr. Stillman's meeting. Dined with Mr. Brick. Went to Mr. How- 
ard's meeting. After meeting I went with Major Cams and drank 
part of a gallon bowl of punch, then walked down to the head of Long 
Wharf. I drank tea with Col. Sears, a New York gentleman ; a very 
fine woman is his wife. Last night it rained hard. 

Monday, July 28. A fine day. The Council adjourned to 10, met 
and proceeded to business. A letter from the President of Congress 
to the whole Court directing them to enquire into the capture of a 
Brig. It was ordered to lie on file till the House met. Sundry let- 
ters were received from Fort Edward and other posts ; all seem to give 
different accounts of the evacuation of Ty. 

Tuesday, July 29. A very fine day. The Board met at 9 o'clock* 
and proceeded to bus. Gave orders to the Cartel vessel to get ready 
to sail for Rhode Island. The list of prisoners before the Board this 
day was forty-nine. An answer to Gen'l Schuyler's letter was pre- 
pared by a Committee. Dined with Mr. Arfton. (?) Rained a little. 

Wed. July 30. A fine day. The Council met at 9. Rec'd several 
letters by express from the Southward, which gave an account of the 
enemies sailing from the Hook on the 23d inst., consisting of 170 sail. 
One young Williams, a son of Avasamus Williams of Now York, was 
sent from thence with a letter directed to Gen'l Bui'goyne at Fort 
Edward, and gave him six half joes to carry it safe, with a promise of 
a great reward in case he delivered it ; but by many circumstances it 
appears it was designed the letter should fall into our hands. The 
fellow enquired for the main Guard at Peekskill and del'd the letter to 
Gen'l Putnam, from whom we had the following advice. We also 
received a letter from Gen'l Schuyler, dated the 24th of July, from 
Moses Creek, four miles south of Fort Edward. He informs us that 
the result of a resolution of a Council of General Officers was that half 
the militia of the County of Berkshire should return to their respec- 
tive homes, but that not more than one quarter part remained, and 
that he had of the Continental troops less than 2S00 and 1000 militia, 


and requested that 2000 of the militia should be instantly sent to him. 
We sent off an express immediately to New LTampshire, with a copy 
of Gen'l Spencer's letter. Doctor Eliot came to Council and desired 
the, Board of Overseers might be adjourned to this day fortnight, 
which was done. The Board agreed to call the House together, to 
meet at the Court House on Tuesday next, the 5th of Aug., and that a 
proclamation be issued immediately and put in both the Thursday's 

12.399 due from Capt. Joseph Noyes to the commissary of supplies. 

James Canton Parker. 

April 21, 1779. Rev. Sarnl. Deane appointed to preach to the peo- 
ple in the East County, to be paid £30. per month. 


Simeon Ashley's grandfather willed to him a certain tract of land 
in Falmouth, called formerly Pine Point. Known now by the name 
of Flying Point. Mem. To enquire of Ben. Winslow concerning 
the title Mr. Ashley had to said land, and to talk with the Hon. Jere- 
miah Powell on the subject. His fathers cousin's name was Noah. 

The resolve passed relative to the post April 28, 1780, for it to be 
continued for six months, that he set out for Portsmouth immediately 
on the arrival of the post from Boston, and return from Falmouth to 
said Portsmouth before the post sets out for Boston. 

An account of the Commonwealth's part of the Protector's Prizes 
sent to Providence : 

12 Hhds. Bread. 25 bbls. Beef. 
20 Firkins Butter. 1 Tierce Beef. 

14 Bbls. Pork. 11 Boxes Candles. 

24 Bolts of Duck. 88 lbs. Twine. 

8 doz. Sailors Hats. 14 Sailors Jackets. 
12 Coils Cordage. • 6 Bbls. Flour. 

105 lbs. Ham and Dried Beef. 1270 galls. Teneriffe Wine. 

Sloop Union. 

An act to empower the Selectmen of each town to licence as many 
vand no masters as they shall see fit. 











Cape Elizabeth, 















1 larpswell, 








Now Gloucester, 






























5000 17 00 


■ The present tax 374 thousand and odd pounds. The Bounty given 
by the three Counties to the men serving there is reimbursed by the 

Wednesday, Sept. 6, 1781 (? 1780). I set out for Boston from my 
house in Falmouth at 10 o'clock. Dined at Mr. Storer's in Biddeford.' 
Baited at Kimball's, and lodged there, where I met Mr. Deering from 
Boston. I proceeded on my journey before sunrise (7th). Break- 
fasted at Col. Groo's. Baited at Greenland at Poor's. Dined at 
Hampton Falls. Lodged at Mr. Crosses. Left one hundred hard 
dollars with my son Joshua's wife,* and breakfasted there. (8th) 
Baited at Pemonts in Ipswich. Dined at Danvers with Capt. Derby, 
in company with Judge Trowbridge. Our conversation turned chiefly 
on politics, but as they differed very much from me in sentiments it 
rendered the conversation less agreeable. I oated at Newells in 
Lynn, and from thence proceeded to Winnessimmett Ferry, where 
I arrived before sunrise (Sept. 8th). I got to Major Phillips where 
I lodged by daylight, this was on Friday evening. 

Sat. Sept. 8th. I went to Wheelwright's wharf where the prize 
ship lay taken by the Fox, and where her cargo was stored. I found 
the deer skins and some of the Indigo much damaged. 

Sunday, Sept. 9th. Went to Mr. Cooper's meeting. Dined with 
Capt. Percy. 

Monday, Sept. 10th. I spent most of the day in informing myself 
what the prices of goods were. 

Tuesday, 11th. Tried to sell some of my part of the prize goods, 
without success. 

Wednesday, Sept. 12. A fine morning. At 10 o'clock, at which 
time the Gen'l Court was to sit, I went to the Senate Board, but found 
no member there except the President. At 4 o'clock, P.M. there was 
a quorum of the Senate met. I was sent to the House with a mes- 
sage on business of the Gen'l Court, but as there was not a quorum 
of the House, they refused to receive the message. 

Thurs. Sept. 13. The Senate met at 10 o'clock-and proceeded to 
business. Elizabeth Stevens obtained leave of the Senate to proceed 
to New York in the first Cartel, 

Friday, Sept. 14. At 9 o'clock the Senate met and proceeded to 
bus. A committee was chosen to be joined with a Committee of the 
House, to consider the state of the Commonwealth at large, and re- 
port. We received the agreeable advice that Gen'l Green had gained 
a complete victory over Lord Rawdon, killed and took a number of 
his troops, together with a number of waggons, horses, &c, and also 

* She was a Miss Hannah Cross, of Newbuiyport. 


had taken five vessels laden with provisions and burnt them, with the 
military chest containing 100 guineas, which last were given to the 

Sat. Sept. 15. A number of letters were read from Gen'ls Wash- 
ington, Heath and others, whereby it appears that Massachusetts is . 
charged by Congress in the sum of 36,731,351 dollars bills of the 
old tenor, and 1,806,803 dollars of the new emission. The Commit- 
tee to consider the Governor's message, and the several papers ac- 
companying it, were Gen'l Brooks, Mr. Sumner and Mr. Turfs. 

Sunday, Sept. 16. I attended public worship in the morning at 
Mr. Howards ; in the afternoon at Mr. Clarks. 

• Monday, Sept. It. The Senate met at 3 o'clock, P.M., and pro- 
ceeded to Business. A bill was passed to incorporate a number of 
Doctors by the name of the Medical Society. I was appointed with 
Mr. Baker, to be joined with Gen'l Parks, Major Washburn and Mr. 
Hill, to consider the Preeslt petition, who was appointed a missioner 
to the Indians. 

Tuesday, Sept. 18. I gave Mr. Sam'l Eliot an order on Mr. Robt. 
Jenkins, for all my part of Indigo now in his hands, he to give me as 
much as any of the cargo shall sell for. 

Wed. Sept. 19. We had the agreeable advice that the British Fleet 
were returned to York in a shattered condition, with two ships short 
of what they went out with. Voted, that the five thousand pounds 
taken out of the 64,000£ (which it was resolved should be defaced) 
should be replaced by the Treasurer out of Bills of the new emission 
in his hands. A Committee to report the State of the Treasury, re- 
ported there was but 50£ hard money, and about 5.000£ in Bills of 
the new emission. 

Thursday, Sept. 20th. The Court sat at 10. 12.30 the Senate went 
to the Council Chamber and met the Corporation. Chose Mr. Willard 
President of the College, and conferred the honor of Doct. of Law on 
the French Ambassador and the Hon. John Adams. A message from 
the Gov. with several letters were brought by the Secretary and read 
at the Board, and sent down to the House. 

Friday, Sept. 21. Rainy morning. At 10 the Senate met and pro- 
ceeded to business. Several bills and petitions. 

Sat. Sept. 22nd. In the morning I went to Mr. Wheelwrights 
wharf. One bundle of Indian dresses, and two bundles of good and 
two of damaged deer skins, in the hair, and one keg of sago (60 lbs.). 
Examined Gen'l Wards and Mr. Sam'l Adams accounts as members 
of Congress. 

Sunday, Sept. 23. Went to Mr. Howards meeting in the morning, 
and Mr. Clark's in the afternoon. 

Monday, Sept. 24. The Senate met at 3 o'clock, and proceeded to 


business. Gave orders to the Commissary to furnish one Lane, who 
was in a Private Flag for the West Indies, with provision. A letter 
from Gen'l Heath to the Governor, accompanied with a message from 
him, was laid before the Senate by the Secretary, signifying that he 
had received certain advice that the enemy was preparing a great 
number of small craft at St. Johns, and baking hard bread at Mt. 
Royal, which gave reason to suppose they were meditating an Expe- 
dition against some of our back settlements. 

Tuesday, Sept. 25. A very fine morning. The Senate met at 10 
o'clock, and proceeded to business. Thos. Childs and others petition 
was committed. The Committee on valuation reported that each 
County should pay on the thousand, 


148 11 10 


147 13 09 


128 05 00 


109 10 00 


67 00 00 


62 15 00 


24 00 00 


147 03 05 


36 14 00 


23 03 07 




138 15 00 

The whole tax of the Counties £9224 9s. lOd. 25 shillings on each 
poll on the first col m , and so in proportion on the additional sum in 
the last column. Each assessor neglecting to do his duty to pay a 
fine of 10£. Distillers of all spirituous- liquor to pay the excise on 
his disposing of the same. The Collectors are to be chosen by joint 
ballot of both Houses, one for each County. He to give bonds. Every 
Taverner and retailer shall take an exact account of all spirituous liquor 
they shall have by him or her, on the 20th Nov. 1781. 1067 Signers 
to the Berkshire memorial to Gen'l Court to enquire the reason Gen'l 
Fellows was suspended in the office of Sheriff for said County. 

September 29. Joseph McAUen bought one tierce of Rice, wt. 565, 
tare 60 = 505 lbs. nett a 30s. £7.11.06. Delivered him 20 lbs. Peppers. 
Half bushel of barberries and 2 doz. limes. Cumberland was taxed 
in the year 1772, 28.05.10. In 1778, 28.05.10. In 1781, 30.09.08. 
Falmouth taxed in 1772, 10.04.06. Yarmouth 3.16.02J. Scarboro, 
53.17.99. Brunswick, 2.01.00. Cape Elizabeth, 3.15.00. 

Received of Mr. Tate one note for 10£. One for four pounds ten, 
endorsed Jan. 23, 1777. One for £29 14s. Dec. 1, 1777, One ditto for 
3.11.00. W. I. Rum, brandy, wine and Geneva, 8d. per gall. N. E. 
rum 4d. excise, 10 per ct. allowance for leakage. Bonds not more 
than 200 nor less than 50 to pay for taking license from Selectmen. 
Bohea tea 6d. Green tea 3d. not to sell less than 12 lbs. Coaches £5. 
Chariots £5. Phseton £3 each, Chaise 12s. ea. chaise or sulky 9s. 
Fine for selling any article in less quantity than prescribed, to be fined 
not more than 10£ nor less than 20s. 


Gen'l Washington arrived at Williamsburg Sept. 14, and went on 
board the French Admirals ship, and had a conference relative to the 
operations against Cornwallis' army, that went from the Northward, 
arrived at James Kiver and landed the 23rd Sept., the operations to 
begin the 26th. Gen'l Washington said : I anticipate the reduction 
of Cornwallis and his army with great satisfaction. Gen'l Washing- 
ton had 3000 men from Count De Grasse. His whole army 14,000. 
Cornwallis 7,000. The French fleet 35 ships of the Line. The Brit- 
ish 21. • 

Falmouth taxed in 1772, 10 04 06 Brunswick, 2 01 00 

Yarmouth, 3 16 02£ Cape Elizabeth, 3 15 07 

Scarboro, , 3 11 09 


Feb. 11. A resolve passed the Court that all the soldiers notes that 
shall become due next March,. or that are now due, shall be taken in 
pay for absentees estates that may be sold. On the petition of George- 
town, praying for an : abatement of the number of men they were to 
raise for three years; .'Resolved that .6 men be deducted from 18, 
■which was their quota, and that they h.^ve until the last of April next 
to raise the remainder. No man allowed to vote in. town affairs unless 
he is rated for 20£ real estate, exclusive of his poll in one tax, or if 
he shall pay 2^3 as much as. One single .poll tax> he shall have liberty 
to vote. 

All persons' in this Commonwealth to. return to the Town Treasurer, 
or Parish, or District Treasurer, an acct. of what'old Continental Bills 
they have by them, before the — : — , 

Boston, Sept. 1782. 

Major John Phillips, Dr. 

To cash ten dollars, £3 00 00 

" 1 Firkin of Butter, 3 11 08 

" 15 of Coffee at a pistareen, 18 00 

" Cash, ten dollars, 3 00 00 

£10 09s 8d 
Oct. 5, Cr. by Cash, . 3 00 00 

Boston, Sept. 

Adam Coulson, Dr. 
To 24 prs. of womens leather gloves a 5, £6 00 00 
Cr. By note of hand given up, 1 12 02 m 

Sept. 28. Put on board Capt. Greenleaf, one ream of choice writ- 
ing piper. Put on board Capt. Thurlow, 80 lbs. Coffee, 20 lbs. pep- 
per, I rolls of paper bordering, anil put in Eben's chest 3 bunches of 



pens, 3 lbs. of pepper, 3 lbs. of netting-needles and 50 darning-needles. 
Gave to Eben 40 pounds, old tenor. 

Oct. 3. Put on board of Capt. Thurlow, 2 lbs. of Tea, and one 
bushel of barberries, one piece of yd. wide Irish Linen, 25 yds. at 4-4d, 
one doz. of small toothed combs, 10s. one pair of Buckles, 3s. and 
papers for a Cartel to Penobscot. 

Oct. 5. Adam Coulson Dr. to twenty-three Indian dressed deer 
Skins a 6s. 6£ 18s. OOd. 

Oct. Put on board Gooding one box of candles, 52J a Is. and one 
sable skin muff 6s. for making. 

Oct. 28. Put on board Capt. Lock 105 lbs. Coffee in a bag. 6 lbs. 
white lead. 6 lbs. Whiting. 500 lbs. lOd. nails. 200 lbs. 20d. ditto. 

Adam Coulson Cr. 

By one dozen womens mits, 2 14 00 

" two pr. Goloshes, IT 00 

" two pr. womens shoes, 16 00 

4 01 — 

All receipts in the hands of individuals, given them by the late 
Treasurer, if not paid by the 10th of Dec. next, are to be returned by 
them to the present Treasurer, and he to issue his execution against 
the collectors. 

Nov. 15. Left at Major Phillips 5 ruffled shirts, 1 pr. blue breeches, 
1 pair black silk ditto, one silk waistcoat and 1 blue coat. 

Nov. 18. Left with Mr. Edw. Emerson, one receipt from the Treasu- 
rer on Mr. Joshua Lunt for 8.12.06. One on Dan'l Emery, 8.00.00. 
•An act against going to the enemy. " Any person taken in going 
to the enemy with a flag into any part of the king's dominion of Great 
Britain, shall forfeit all his estate and suffer three years imprisonment, 
and give bonds for his good behavior during the war." 

An act for the due observance of the Lords day. " Every person 
that shall do any kind of business, or gaming or recreation, shall for- 
feit in not more than 20s. nor less than 10s. No person or teamster 
shall travel on the Lord's day but* from necessity, on forfeiture of a 
sum not less than 10s. nor more than 20s. No funerals allowed on 
Sunday. No bells tolled, or graves dug, on forfeiture of 20s. Every 
person that shall be found in a tavern or retailers house or yard, on 
Sat. or Sunday evenings drinking or spending the time, 10s. or 5s. 
strangers excepted. Every person in health that does not attend pub- 
lic worship once a month, shall pay 10s. — not passed the House. No 
writ to be served on Sat. night after, 10 o'clock. Every town neglect- 
ing to choose wardens, Boston to pay a fine of 10£ and the other 
towns 5£. No Warden obliged to servo oftencr than once in five 
years. Every town clerk neglecting to read the above act at 


the annual meeting in March, • shall pay 20s. To be read on the 
last Lord's day in Feb. every year, instead of reading it at Town 
meeting. Any person convicted of profane swearing shall pay 8s. 
and if convicted a second time, double, and if a third time treble. 
Any person refusing to assist an officer in the execution of his office 
shall pay 40s. Every person in this Commonwealth, to return to the 
selectmen of his respective town, the number of Old Continental Bills 
that they have by them, and the said selectmen to make a return of 
the same to the Secretary's Office. Paid Major Phillips ten dollars 
and one piece of gold and two pistareens. Feb. 1782. 

The fee bill of 1773, is continued until the end of next session. Re- 
solve, that the agents for selling absentees estates be directed to lease 
out all of those estates, that they think will be most for the interest 
of the Commonwealth. 

Falmouth is taxed, £994 03 OOd. New Glocester, 351 13 4 

County of Cu'mbl'd, 994 3 4 Pearson Town, 234 3 4 

Cape Elizabeth, 480 00 00 Gray, 160 00 00 

On the polls, 16s. 8d. Royalsburg, 165 00 00 

North Yarmouth, 911 13 4 Backers Town, 70 00 00 

Scarboro, 743 6 8 Sylvester, 70 00 00 

Brunswick, 365 10 8 Bridgetown, 92 10 00 

llarpswell, 345 16 8 ■ 

Oorham, 610 00 00 £6046 13 04 
Windham, 370 00 00 

llarpswell in the former Tax stood at £395 16 08 

In the present " " " 345 16 08 

Justices Fees. Every blank writ of attachment or original sum- 
mons, one shilling. For one witness or more, 6d. Settling an auc- 
tion or filling a complaint in a civil cause, Is. 4d. Fileing Papers, 
one penny \ each paper. Writ of Execution Is. 4d. Examining, allow- 
ing, and taxing a bill of cost 3d. Entering up judgment in civil or 
criminal causes, and recording the same, Is. 4d. 

An Account of Excise on Sundry Articles, on and after the 10th of 
Sept., vi/.. 

One gall, of Wine, Is. Brandy, do. W. I. Rum, Is. N. E. Rum, 6d. 
aii'l every other gall, of distilled spirits, Od. For every pound of im- 
ported Tobacco, 2d. For every lb. of imported Snuff, 6d. Every lb. 
<>f Bohei Tea, Is. For every Other imported India Tea, 2s. Every lb. 
Of Coffee, 8d. Chocolate, 2d. Imported Chocolate, 3d. Kvcry loaf of 

Sugar imported by land or water, 8d, Every ll». of Snuff made in thia 
stat b,| Bd. Brown Sogar, Id, Every 1>M. of Cider or Perry, id. Bar 
Iron, la. Steel. Id. for every lb. weight. Silver, 6d. Window Class, 
every ft. 2d. Kvcry ounce wt. of wrought Gold, 7s. fid. Every Coach, 
11. Every Chariot, 6£, Phtcton, BX. Pour wheeled Chaise, 8£. 


Fall back chaise, 15s. Every other sulky, 9s. Every Clock, 6s. 
Every gold Watch, 6s. Every other Watch, 3s. For all wrought 
Iron, Steel ware, wrought silks, muslins, lawns, gauzes, cambrics, 
and all beaver, castor and felt hats, of foreign manufacture. For all 
looking-glasses, china-ware, earthen-ware, painters oil colors, oranges* 
lemons and limes imported to this State, 5 per cent. 

1775— 1782. 

Falmoulh, May 14, 1775. 
Honored Sir, — The Committee of correspondence in this town beg 
leave to inform you that some time past we received advices from 
Georgetown, that Col. Thompson was fitting out two vessels there, 
with design to take the King's ship Canceaux, situated in this har- 
bor and Commanded by Capt. Mowat, a gentleman whose conduct 
since he has been here has given no grounds of suspicion that he had 
any design to distress or injure us. But on the other hand, he has 
afforded his assistance to sundry vessels in distress. As we thought 
such an attempt had the appearance of laying a foundation for the 
destruction of the town, the Committee of correspondence met, 
and wrote to the Committee of correspondence of Georgetown, desir- 
ing they would prevent their coming. But on Monday night (May 
10th) he landed upwards of sixty men, on the back side of the neck 
of land adjoining the town, who came there in a number of boats, and 
lay under cover until the middle of the next day. At which time 
Oapt. Mowat, the Doctor of the ship, and Mr. Wiswall were taking a 
walk on said neck, when a party of Col. Thompson's detachment 
rushed from their concealment, surrounded the gentlemen and made 
them prisoners, and conducted them to the Colonel, who was with the 
main body on the back side of the neck. Capt. Hog, who now coin- 
manded tin' ship clapped springs on his cables, she lying within mus- 
ket shot of the town, and swore if the gentlemen were not released 
by '"' o'clock, lie WOnld lire upon the town, lie fired two cannon, and 
although there was no shot in them it frightened the women and chil- 
dren to such a degree thai some crawled under wharves, some ran 
down cellar, and some out of town. Such a shrieking scene was never 

before presented to view here. The gentlemen who were in custodj 
were conducted to a public house; where Oapt. BCowal declared if he 
was lot released it would be the destruction of the town. Every gen- 
tleman present used his utmost endea\ ors to accommodate the matter. 

Ool. Thompson Consented that a committee should be chosen, consist- 


ing of officers from his party and gentlemen from the town ; to consult in 
what manner the affair could be accommodated ; but as it was late, 
the committee chose to defer the consideration of it till next morning. 
Capt. Mowat then requested he might go on board his ship that night, 
and he would pawn his word and honor that he would return next 
morning, at what time and place should be appointed. Col. Thomp- 
son assented, provided Col. Freeman and Brigadier Preble would pass 
their words that the several gentlemen should return according to 
their promise, and also pawn their word and honor that if the gentle- 
men failed in coming, they would deliver themselves up, and stand 
by the consequences ; which was consented to. 

Capt. Mowat not coming according to his promise, which was to 
have been at 9 o'clock the next morning ; the sponsors appeared 
according to promise, and were confined. Capt. Mowat wrote to them, 
to let them know he had fully determined to have complied with his 
promise, but he had sent his man on shore to carry some dirty linen 
to his washing woman, and to bring off some clean. That said man made 
oath, that two of the body under arms, one of whom swore by all that 
was sacred, the moment he came on shore he should have what was 
in his piece. And the other, that he should never return on board 
again with his life. And that two more of his men made oath, they 
heard sevei'al of the men under arms say ; the moment he came on 
shore they would have his life. This was what he wrote, to plead an 
excuse for not complying with his promise. Col. Thompson told the 
two gentlemen under confinement, that he must have some provisions 
and refreshments for his men, which they procured, to the amount of 
13 or 14£, lawful money, on which they were dismissed about 10 
o'clock, A. M. He sent an account to them for time and expense, 
amounting to 158£ 18s. lawful money, and gave them till 9 o'clock 
next morning to return an answer ; which they did in the negative. 
He said he would have satisfaction before he left town. He then 
seized all the goods he could find, belonging to Capt. Coulson and 
William Tyng, Esq. They also carried off a boat belonging to 
Coulson, and one other belonging to Capt. Mowat. They also obliged 
Capt. Pote to furnish them with some provisions, and a small matter 
of cash. They also brought one man on his knees, for speaking dis- 
respectfully of the Colonel and his men. 

Col. Thompson, we doubt not, is a true friend of his country, and a 
man of courage and resolve ; but our town lies so much exposed to 
the Navy, that had he succeeded in his attempt, of which there was 
not the least probability, it must have proved the destruction of this 
town, and the country back, which is now in the greatest distress for 
provisions. We have only related plain facts, that the honorable 



members of the Provincial Congress may not be imposed upon, with 

false accounts, to whom please communicate this letter.* 

We are with esteem, gentlemen, 

Your most Obt. Humble Servt. 

Jedidiah Preble. 

The President of the Provincial Congress. 

• The couimitt. m to whom the foregoing communication was referred, reported the fol- 
lowing letter to Col. Thompson, which, however, was not accepted. 

" Sib, — This Congress have received information that the Committee of Correspondence 
of the town of Falmouth, on hearing you were about making an attack on the Canceaux, 
man-of-war, 1\ lag in the harbor of that town, desired you to forbear any proceedings of 
that kind, which you promised to do ; but that you afterward took the Captain of said 
ship of war, ami detained the Hon. Jedidiah Preble and Enoch Freeman, Esq. as hostages 
for the return of said Captain ; and that you levied contributions of money and other thing* 
from the subjects there, and took a boat from the said Canceaux. Though the Congress 
approves of your general zeal for this country, yet it appears that your conduct in taking 
tin- Captain of the ship, against your promise, and your levying money, or other things 
Of tl|e people, is by no means justifiable ; and it is therefore expected that you attend 
the MSl Congress that shall be held in this Colony, and do your character justice in this 
matter ; ami that you return said boat, and stay all further proceedings of this kind in the 
mean time." 

Enoch Freeman, one of the Falmouth Committee of Correspondence, wrote under date 
Of May l)th, to the Committee of Safety of Provincial Congress — "The alarming attempt 
Of < "|. Thompson to take the ship Canceaux, Capt. Henry Mowat commander, now in this 
h irlior, BM OOCanfcmed very great uneasiness in this town, as it has a tendency to bring on us 
certain ruin, by the Admiral's resenting it in such a manner as to block up our harbor 
before the time. We have no force to oppose or prevent it; no fortifications, no ammunition, 
no cannon, and If provisions are stopped from coming here, the town is ruined, as well as 
the county which depend- upon the town for supplies, of which at present there is great 
■Can ity. We think CoL Thompson's attempt was rash and injudicious, if not unjustifiable, 
as we cannot lean he had any authority from you or the Congress. We are sure it was 
contrary to the will and without any orders from hi* superior officers in the militia, though 
! for by him, and the people here seemed to be laid under contribution to siil>si>t 
hi- men. We hope can' will be taken that every attack upon our enemies through the 
DfOrlnce, will bl conducted by proper officers ; orderly, regularly, and with proper autho- 
rity; bBBt it should occasion a civil war amongst ourselves. It Is true in defending 
our-eke-, which may be sudden; immediate and resolute opposition in the best man- 

ner that ..m be thought of, should be adopted, lint we are afraid that If any number of 

if mj t .ill-- and in any manner may collect together and attack anything or any i*.T- 

BtM they pteaee, every body may be In danger, • Sat a nn ea l scananfa.' 

•• We en >!-<. . onoerood leaf there ihonld be a good deal of confusion arise, from a numlier 
of oar men in the County poemesmg themselves of the enlisting papers lately printed. 

Colonels, tome Majors, appointing their own officers, adjutants, 

at, chlrurgeona, he \.\, without having as we can learn, any written ordei - 

dointf; for th.y '.••■ni to ...ntend already, who shall be chief Officers ; and that they are 
I n whether the nun they enlist, are to be stationed here for ourdctVn. c, or to man h 

t.. the '.imp at Cambridge, to make np the standing army. ; 

" tall we understand were sent to Gen. Treble, but he not Inning any written 

I in the nlTair. If the army can be completed without drawing men from 

fa ni' nil along bi u made to audi rstand was the case, we cannot help thinking 
it would i., inoot prudent Bowerer, we shall not be backward if there is real o 

f.r our in. n. Ami in thai ease we humbly submit whether it would not be best that MM 


The Committee of Safety to General Preble. 

Cambridge, May 20, 1715. 
Hon. Gen'l Preble. 

Sir, — This Committee received your favor of the 15th inst. touching 
the raising of men for the service of this Colony ; and note your just 
observations on the subject. The Committee, after the resolution 
of the Congress for establishing an army of 18,600 men, thought the 
exigencies of the times, and the exposed situation of several of the 
towns near Boston, made it absolutely necessary that the army should 
be immediately raised, and that for the facilitating of this important 
business, it was expedient that orders should be issued to such men as 
were recommended as proper persons for important trusts. Accord- 
ingly orders were issued to as many Colonels as were sufficient to 
complete said army ; but from the delay which appeared in the armys 
being formed, by the slow progress made in enlisting men, and the 
exposed situation of the Colony Camp by the going off of a number 
from time to time, it was deemed necessary that further orders should 
be issued for completing the army with all possible speed, and in con- 
sequence of that determination, Col. March, among others, received 
orders to enlist a regiment for the service of this colony, and we un- 
derstand has made considerable progress in enlisting men for said 
service. We are also informed by your honor, that Col. Phihney has 
received enlisting orders from you, and has engaged in the business 
of enlisting men to complete a regiment. And we are further inform- 
ed by your honor that it is impracticable that two regiments should 
be raised in the county of Cumberland ; and being told by Col. Phin- 
ney that many of the men that would be raised in your county, could 
not. be supplied by the towns from which they are enlisted, with fire 
arms and blankets ; this Committee taking into consideration the ex- 
posed situation of your county, and the probability of the army being 
completed without drawing men from those parts of the Colony which 
are more immediately exposed, would recommend, Sir, that you would 
use your influence that a stop be put to the raising any men in your 
•county, until it may be known from the returns from the several Colo- 
nies authorized for the raising of regiments, whether it may be neces- 
sary to take any men from your county. Should this necessity take 

person or persons should be appointed to conduct the affair according to orders. We hope 
' we shall be excused for thus troubling your honor ; as we are solicited to do it by a number 
of gentlemen. 

We are with great veneration, 

Your Honors most Obt. Servt, 

Enoch Freeman (per order). 


place, this Committee will endeavor to give you such early intelligence 
as may be necessary. The request of this Committee to your honor 
we liattcr ourselves, will not be conceived by you as carrying in it 
the least disrespect to Col. March or Col. Phinney, but solely from 
the probability of the armys being complete, without taking men from 
those parts of the Colony which are more immediately exposed. We 
Rhould be glad to see your honor at Head-quarters, which we hope 
your health will soon admit, and with you we join in the hope upon 
seeing a speedy end to the great difficulties, this disturbed Colony 
now labors under.* 

We are with great respect, 

Your Honors humble Servts. 

P. S. Please inform the within Colonels of this determination. 

Falmouth, June 14, HT5. 
Honored Sir, — These wait on you by Col. Phinney, who informs us 
he has ordered the men lately enlisted in this county, to guard the 
sea coast and islands within said county, to secure the cattle and 
sheep from the ravages of cruisers from the Navy ; but as no provi- 
sion is made for their subsistence, it cannot be expected they can do 
duty without. We refer you to Col. Phinney for particulars. Four 
Indian Chiefs arrived here to day, with Capt. Lane, from the Penob- 
scot Tribe. We hope their expectations will be answered ; which 
will lay the foundation for securing to our interest the whole tribe. f 

We are honored Sir, 

Your most Obt. Humble Servts. 

Jedidiah Preble, 
Hon. Enoch Freeman. 

Joseph Warren (to be communicated). 

• Juno in, 1775.— The Committee of Safety reported to Congress, •• Early after the 10th 
April, tin- i ■..minittee sent ten sets of lienting orders to the Hon. Jedidiah Preble, desiring 
Mm ft grte otri each orders to such persons as were suitable for commission, in order tf 

form n rcciinent. OoL Matvh WM sJao supplied with ten sets of orders for the purpose of 

hMmj ■ regiment to be commanded by him. Soon after it was represented to us, i.y the 
Oo— Ittoa of CVwreapuudMiiO of Falmouth, thai it would be Inconvenient to that enmity, 
hi iIm ir exposed Mtiuitiim, to raise nuii for the army. The same was agreed t<> bj 
riiiiuirv mni March, ami this Committee. On which we wrote to Oen'l Preble, Informing 
him of the mm . t'lit board nothing further until about six days past, when we reo Ived ■ 
letter from Col. Phinney, of ■boot 600 men enlisted In a regiment t>> go under his com* 
nmtui, lad OoL Maroh oorttfled that he agreed to come in as his aecond, a copy of whkt 
inter io Qonl I' aeoompantoi IbJi report 

I iv, June i'i, I;;.-,. Journal of the 8d Prov. Congress. Capt Goodrich, Mr 
I t,w< re appointed to consider a It tier from the Hon. Jedidiah Pn bflj 


Falmouth, June 15, 17 75. 
Honored Sir, — Mr. Lane has returned here, with four of the Penob- 
scot Tribe ; we have furnished them with carriages to convey them to 
you, and Mr. Lane with money to pay their expenses. Orono the 
chief man seems to be sensible, and hearty in our cause. He reserved 
what he chiefly has to say, till he comes to the Congress. We gave 
them assurances that they might depend upon being provided for while 
there, as well as on their return back again, wished them a pleasant 
journey, and that the event might be happy to them and us. We 
suppose Mr. Lane will give account of the expense, therefore we have 
sent none. 

Wishing success to our righteous cause, we are your honors 
Most Obt. and Humble Servts, 

The Committee of Correspondence, 
To Hon. Jedidiah Preble, Chairman. 

Joseph Warren, 


and Hon. Enoch Freeman, respecting Col. Phinney's regiment being commissioned for the 
defence of the sea coasts. 

The 3d Provincial Congress passed the following Resolves concerning the matters men- 
tioned in the foregoing letters — viz. : 

June 24, 1775. Resolved, — That the resolve which passed yesterday relative to Col. Phin- 
ney's regiment, be so far reconsidered as that the remainder of said regiment, after 400 
thereof have marched to the camp at Cambridge, be immediately raised and stationed in 
such places in said counties, as shall be thought best by Gen. Preble, • Col. Freeman, and 
Maj. Wheaton of St. Georges, until they receive further orders from the Congress, or a 
General Assembly of this Colony. 

Resolved, — That it be recommended to our good brothers the Indians of the Penobscot 
Tribe, to immediately apply to Gen. Preble and Col. Freeman of Falmouth for a supply 
of provisions and all other necessary goods, and would recommend said gentlemen as 
the most suitable persons to supply the Indians, who will undoubtedly do them justice ; 
and it is hereby recommended to Gen. P. and Col. F. to supply said Indians with provisions 
and all other necessary articles, upon the most equitable terms, and to receive their furs and 
skins in payment ; and the said Gen. Preble and Col. Freeman are hereby desired to supply 
said Indians at the truck house at Penobscot. 

July 9, 1775. Resolved, — That the Hon. Jedidiah Preble and the Hon. Enoch Freeman 
be and hereby are empowered to supply the Indians of the Penobscot Tribe with any 
quantity of goods, not exceeding the value of 300£, and to draw on the Receiver General 
for the same, who is hereby directed to pay such drafts, in three months after the date of 
this resolve. And to take furs and skins of the said Indians, in exchange, and on the 
account of this Colony ; they to be accountable for their forwardings. 

July 10, 1775. The Committee of Supplies were directed to deliver to Capt. John Lane, 
25 lbs. of powder, for supplying the Indians ; taking his receipt therefor, and which he 
was to deliver to Gen. Preble and Col. Freeman in account of the Colony. 

July 13, 1775. Whereas — The Hon. Jedidiah Preble or the Hon. Enoch Freeman, have 
employed some person to build a number of whale-boats, for the service of the public, 

Therefore, resolved — that the Committee of Supplies be and are hereby directed to deliver 
to Capt. Briant Morton an order to be by said Morton delivered to said Preble and Free- 
man, such a quantity of nails and provisions, as they think will be necessary to complete 
the building of said boats. 


Falmouth, the 15th June, 1115. 
Dear Sir, — These waite on you by Capt. Lane who arrived here 
lay from Penobscot, with our Indian Chiefs who are bound to 
ngress. I hope and wish they may meet with such encourage- 
ment as may engage them in our interest, as I think it of the utmost 

sequence to engage that Tribe, and I doubt not but your using*] 
your Interest in the Congress will very much contribute to the effect- 
ing it. 

Col. Goldthwait will no doubt make interest to have provision made 
f,, r Subsistence of the garrison at Penobscot, but I will leave you to 
judge whether a man is lit to command such a fortification as Fort 
Pownal, who will suffer two Schooners to rob it of Guns and ammu- 

I think it will be the height of imprudence to neglect the supplying 
the Truck trade, and shall be much obliged to you to use your infiu- 
ence, that my son may be continued Truck master, as he has been at 
greal expense to furnish himself with a habitation, and other nccessa- < 
lies For carrying on the Indian Trade. I shall refer you to your hon- 
ored father's letters for news. Please present my compliments to all 
inquiring friends. 

I am your ready friend and humble Servant, 

Jedidiah Predle. 

Samukl Freeman, Esq. 

Falmouth, 5th January, 1776. 
Sir, — The receipt of your favor of the 20th ultimo, we acknowledge 
and observe the contents, your anxious concern for the credit of Fal- 
mouth affords us great pleasure, but we are very sorry so many of the 
members of the honorable Court (as you intimate), should be preju- 
diced against this town, for not throwing up a bulwark the night pre- 
ceding the conflagration, when that night was the only time we had 
allowed by thai villain (Mowatt) to secure our wives, children and 
effects • besides if cannon had been mounted we had not powder 
enough to have served properly half an hour. It is impossible any 
person can with propriety condemn the conduct of Falmouth in that 
pect, If the town is to be blamed, it is for not being provided 
With B Stock Of powder. It is cruel and unjust to charge the town oi' 

Falmouth with Oapt. N y< ' oowardice; we wish sincerely that the 
officers' and soldiers' behavior on thai day had been such as to have 
justified their conduot. As to what you say in respect to Ucu. Five's 
nol bein ■ able to procure utensils, we are very sure be never applied 
my. w • method 1ms been Found to rnftke salt- 

ind ordered to be published. We hope the Hill you mention 


for the recovery of our stolen goods, will answer the laudable intent 
of the Court in passing it. In answer to your letter directed to Mr. 
D. Ilsley, of the 22d ult. (to be communicated), we would say we have 
no vessel in port but what is frozen up, that will answer the schedule 
sent to us, except one sloop of Oapt. Bucknam's, about 99 tons, which 
we have engaged., Capt. William McLellan, the bearer, is empowered 
to charter her, and has agreed to go master. We can procure be- 
tween 30 and 40 hhds. of fish, with some hoops and stores to fill up, 
but fear not enough without some boards are allowed to be put in, 
we doubt not but you will assist Capt. McLellan and give him the 
best advice in your power. We received the resolve of the Court, 
requesting a list of all vessels suitable for armed vessels, and of all 
persons proper for masters, seamen and marines, to be employed in 
the Continental and Colony service, or that are willing to fix on their 
own account. There is no vessel in port that is suitable, there are 
some good men fit for masters, seamen and marines, but they want to 
know what encouragement is to be given, as no terms are mentioned. 
We are with respect, 

Your friends and humble servt. 

Jedidiah Preble, 
Samuel Freeman, Esq. Chairman of the Committee of Safety. 


Water (own, Oct. 2Sd, 1776. 
Dear Sir, — I arrived here this day at two o'clock, P.M., in good 
health. I have conversed with the gentlemen chosen by the town of 
Charlestown to go to Congress, and they have almost convinced me 
there is at* least a probability of obtaining some partial relief for the 
sufferers of Falmouth. I would, as Mr. Freeman is going to Falmouth, 
advise you to get the accounts completed in a proper manner. They 
must be all drafted in a book, for model of which I refer you to the 
bearer, Sarn'l Freeman, Esq. ; and the Commissioners must be sworn 
that they have made a true statement of the damages sustained by 
the sufferers, according to their best skill and judgment. The Enemy 
has got entire possession of Lake and Crown Point, for which I am 
heartily sorry. Mr. John Adams is arrived from New- York, and ad- 
vises that Gren'l Lee is arrived there with six thousand men of are in- 
forcement to Gen'l Washington, and that our troops are in high spirits. 
I have but one minute's time, as Mr. Freeman is waiting, to subscribe 
myself, Your ready friend and humble servt. 

Jedidiah Preble. 

Coll. John Waite, 

Falmouth, Mass. 


Boston, January 4, 1T7 V. 
n. t — I heartily congratulate you and all my friends and worthy 
Countrymen on the important and very interesting Hand-Bill, which 
is a copy of a letter from Gen'l Heath to Mr. Bowdoin, the President 
of the Council. 

A in it her letter from Major Francis Shaw of the same date, to the 
Secretary, confirms the account and says he had it immediately from 
Qeji'l Washington himself, and saw the Hessian prisoners. May every 
heart glow with gratitude aud praise to the God of Armies and take 
courage from his favors. 

So wishes Your Friend, 

Sam'l Freeman. 
It is reported that 15,000 French Troops have arrived at Cape 

To Hon Jedidiah Preble, Esq. or 
John Waite, Esq. 

to be communicated. 

Boston, January, 1777. 

Dear Sir, — The military operations of War appear at present, with 
a promising aspect, all the accounts we have from the army lately 
Beem to be favorable, you have had no doubt a partial account, of the 
Beveral actions, between Gen'l Washington and Gen'l Howe. We have 
had an account from the army that Fort Washington and Fort Lee, 
are both in our Possession, with the cannon, and that there was a 
brigade of Bessians, had laid down their arms, and Gen'l Howe had 
Bent them prisoners to New York. I dined with young Mr. Bowden, 
who said it might be depended on. 

I here was this day an express from the Congress, by which the Court 
ww informed thai Gen'l Howe had committed Gen'l Lee for six Hes- 
sian officers, that live of the Hessian officers and Col. Cammal which 
arc now in < )U r hands, should be treated in every respect in the same 
manner as Gen'l Lee should be treated by them, they also have ordered 
that Ool. ('animal with all the regular officers in our hands shall bo 
closely confined till further orders. The General Court passed the 
lation Bill, fixing a price on every necessary of life, and to take 
place to morrow ; they have also resolved that every town in this 
. shall cause every seventh man in it, to engage in the service 
of the United States, to oomplete the Army. 

The Treason Bill passed both Houses. The Court is so attentive 
to public business, that I believe I shall not get the Independent 

Company established, 

1 am Sir, your ready friend and Humble Sent. 

jEniniAii Preble. 


Boston, March 15, 17TT. 

Dear Sir, — The Merchant, the Trader, the Farmer, the Mecha- 
nic, and every denomination of men seem at present to be governed 
by self interest without any regard to their neighbors ; the merchants 
store their rum, sugar, molasses, and cotton, with a view to sell it to 
the neighboring states, for a greater price than set by the regulating 
Act, the farmers keep their hay, fat cattle and sheep, in their barns, their 
poultry at the door, their butter and cheese in the cellar, their wood 
standing ; so that there is little or nothing brought to market ; the 
people in this town have been freezing for want of wood, and starving 
for want of provisions. I never saw Boston so distressed for the 
necessities of life, as at this time. The House have recommitted the 
Kegulating Bill for some alterations, the General Court cannot repeal 
the Act, without rendering the Legislative power of no effect. The 
men ordered to Tyconderoga cannot march for want of arms and 
blankets ; committees are chosen to provide every town in this State, 
to collect the blankets each town was ordered to furnish. 

The Committee of War has secured twelve hundred yards of Blank- 
eting which was taken in a prize, which will be some help. The face 
of public affairs appears with a promising aspect. You have no doubt 
had an account of Gen'l Washington's killing and taking five hundred 
of the enemy lately ; and deserters are daily flocking over to us. 
The province of Maine and town of Falmouth in particular are highly 
applauded by the General Court for being foremost of any part of this 
State in furnishing their quota of men for the army. 

The selectmen of Brunswick, and Thompson, have been heard on 
the floor, and he is allowed a seat in the House ; it is not in my power 
to give you the particulars, as I was confined to my lodgings for two 
or three days by an inflammation in my foot ; during which time his 
trial came on, for which I was exceedingly sorry. Thompson despair- 
ing of being chosen next year to represent Brunswick, has petitioned 
the Court that Harps well may be annexed to it, hoping by that means 
to make his calling and election sure ; but I shall do every thing in 
my power to prevent it. There has been great preparation making 
at Providence for an expedition to Ehode Island ; which was to have 
taken place yesterday morning, but I am afraid it may not be carried 
into execution ; I really wish it may. There is a French Ship arrived 
from France at Portsmouth, with twelve thousand stand of arms, lack- 
ing fifteen ; and one thousand pounds of powder. The rest of her 
cargo consists of bale goods. She brings an account of a fifty-gun ship 
which was to sail a few days after, with fifty pieces of brass cannon, 
and other warlike stores, for this port. This seems to look like a pre- 
lude to a French war with England. She also says there are between 


thirty ami forty sail of French sbips ready to sail for America, witi 
bale goods and warlike stores. I saw Gen'l Sullivan who commanded 
u tv in the last engagement, who told me there was 504 of the 
enemy, killed, wounded and taken ; he also told me that one officer 
with :;:• men lay concealed, and that a Highland officer stepped upon 
a log and that they all fired at him and shot forty balls through his 
body. He also said a private of our party, ran up to a regular officer 
whi i was wounded, and the officer begged of him to take care of him, 
and put in the soldier's hand ten guineas and a gold watch, which he 
had no sooner done, than a party of the enemy hove in sight, on which 
the soldier made ofl" with his prize. 

The General Court are cheerfully employed in devising means to 
fill up the Continental Array and equip them which I hope will not be 
long. My compliments to all friends. I am your ready friend, and 
Humble Servt. 

Jedidiah Preble. 

Col. John Waits, Jr. 

Falmouth, Mass. 

Boston, May 29, Hn. 
Dear Sir, — I was at your house, the afternoon before I set out for 
this place, but I was so unfortunate as not to have the pleasure of 
seeing you, and knowing if you had any commands to Boston : As 
you were from home, I could not procure the precept and return of 
the members chosen to represent the town of Falmouth in the Grea' 
and General Court the ensuing year ; for want of which we are unj 
qualified for a seat in the JJouse. I need not tell you it is absolutely 
necessary to forward said precepts as soon as possible. By account! 
received from different quarters, I believe there is but little danger of 
our maintaining our independency. It seems probable the German 
powers will furnish very few, or no more troops for Great Britain ; 
and that Called ui is to retain no more troops in Canada, than just to 
garrison the Fort; and send the rest to Gen'l Howe's assistance. I 
have Miit by Ebenezer,* the Connecticut Paper in which there is some 
agreeable news, and refer you to that for particulars. Pray write me 
by the first opportunity how affairs stand in Falmouth. My compli- 
ments to all friends. 

I am with due Respect, 

Your Humble Servt. 

Jedidiah Preble. 

1 II. John W.mte, 


• His M,n Klicni 


* Boston, June, 1*111. 

Dear Sir, — I received your favor of the 25th ult. on which day I 
set out for Boston. I went to town on the Thursday before I set out 
on rny journey, inquired if you were at home. I was answered in 
the negative. I again went to town the next day, on purpose to see 
you, and was told by your good lady, you were gone to Sacarappa. 
I leave it to you to judge whether I had not as much reason to expect 
you would condescend to call at my house, as you passed by the door, 
which you knew was always open to Col. Waite, as you had to expect 
you should have seen me on Saturday before I set out. I was sorry 
I had not the Precept, as 1 had no right to a seat in the House, until 
the precept was returned, however by the. indulgence of the Hon. 
House, and the large acquaintance I have with some of the mem- 
bers, on ascertaining I was legally chosen by a majority of my town, 
it passed for evidence, and I was admitted to keep my seat. I was this 
morning informed that advice was lately received from Mr. Franklin, 
that every application made to other powers, had succeeded beyond 
his expectation, and equal to his most sanguine wishes. I saw a 
young man that left Head-Quarters yesterday, who told me Gen'l 
Washington had sixteen thousand seven hundred men with him, and 
that there were three thousand more on their march to Philadelphia to 
join our Army. From all the accounts I have been able to collect, it 
appears to me that the situation of our public affairs appears at this 
time more encouraging than ever they have been since the contest 
between Great Britain and America commenced. Dr. Matthew Byles 
was last Monday tried by a Special Court, brought in guilty by the 
jury of unfriendliness to the State, and ordered to be delivered to the 
Committee or Board of War, to be sent on board the Guard Ship. He 
was guarded by three constables to the Board of War ; he told them 
if they ordered him on board that ship it would be present death to 
him ; they took compassion on him and confined him to his own house, 
under the care of a sentry. 

Ira Thompson is here, and has prepared a petition to the Court, 
praying that Parsontown may not be incorporated. He has charged 
the proprietors with voting him out of his living ; which I look on as a 
very great reflection. It has not yet been considered. 

I should have written more fully, but Capt. Buller is waiting, by 
whom this comes ; I am, after my compliments to all Friends, 

Your Humble Servt. 

Jedidiah Preble. 

Col. John Waite, 

Falmouth, Mass. 



June 20, 1177. 
Dear Sir, — As the Ilouse has boon pleased to expel me,* for what 
reason I am not able to judge, I had liberty before I left my seat to 
ask the favor of the House to send out a precept to the town of Fal- 
mouth, for the choice of a representative in my room. I am far from 
pretending 1 to dictate to the town of Falmouth in their choice of a 
member to represent them in the General Court, however as the House 
is very much attached to Mr. Freeman, I would only beg leave to 
recommend him as a gentleman that would give universal satisfaction 
to the General Court. We hear Commodore Manly has taken three 
prizes since the brig he sent into this harbor. There seems to be little 
or no action in the several Departments of our Army ; I think our 
military affairs cannot long remain in this situation. By advice from 
Ty. this morning we learn our men there are in high spirits, and in 
great good health, but that they expected an attack very soon. Pray 
let me have the opportunity to acknowledge the favor of a few lines 
from you which will be (after my compliments to all friends) very 
agreeable to your ready friend and 

Humble Servt. 
To Jedidiao Preble. 

Col. Jons Waite, 


Boston, June 30, 1777. 
Deab Sir, — The Council had this day, a letter from Gen'l Spencer, 
in which he informs us that he had read an account from one Capt. . 
Buckley, who was on board a prison ship in New-York ; that on Sunday 
last, viz. the 22d inst. he heard a very heavy firing of cannon for J 
several hours, and although he could not hear the small arms, it being 
between Brunswick and Amboy, yet he could plainly see large volumes 
of smoke rise when no cannon were fired, and be siw three flat bot- 
tomed boats pass by the ship he was in, laden with wounded men, 
but the particulars he had not learnt. A young fellow was also before 
tli<> Council, who came from New-York last Tuesday, who told the 
B«ne story, with the addition that lie saw several carts pass by the 
prison lie was in, laden witli wounded men. We have also certain 

intelligence, that Gen'l Howe has retreated from where he advanced] 

Which was about eight miles, and was actually einharked on board the 

ports, and that Gen'l Lee was sent, on board a man-of-war ; it is 

• On the 90th Juno, 1777, h< mi < ;■■ ted a Councillor for the Provim i M 

Mr. {'ilium. -v resigned. TheTOteoftheHotue was98, and ty thi Board 10;totef 
1 101 rot -, i - eppeen In i ■ >~ private Journal 


very difficult to conjecture which way he proposed to move. It is 
thought by some, his design is up the North River to endeavor to 
join Burgoyne, who itis apprehended designs to pass the lake and attack 
Tyconderoga. While I was writing this, several letters came to the 
Board, with favorable accounts which I am not at liberty to commu- 
nicate, the Council being enjoined to secresy. I this morning saw a 
gentleman at my lodging, who told me a young man came into Ty. 
from Canada, who pretended he had been a piper there, and had liber- 
ty to return ; he was suspected to be a spy, and when he got to 
Albany Gen'l Schuyler told him he certainly was a spy, and he would 
immediately treat him as such, and ordered preparations to be made 
for his execution, telling the fellow to prepare for death, for that he 
had but one half hour to live. The man was greatly intimidated, and 
told the Gen'l if he would save his life, he would tell him all he knew. 
He then told them he had a canteen with two tops to it, between 
which there were two letters, one for Gen'l Howe, the other, I think 
was for the Admiral ; they were found there and forwarded to Gen'l 
Washington, the contents not made public. Immediately on the 
receipt of those letters, the General took up all the vessels and boats 
in North River, and ordered three Brigades to march for Peekskill, 
and a qamp to be formed on White Plains. It is thought by many, 
by the late movements, that Howe's design is to proceed up the 
North River, and Burgoyne to come over the lake to join him, others 
think he designs for some of the New England States ; I believe he 
has done with the thoughts of going to Philadelphia. There is a large 
committee of both Houses sitting every day to consider what mode 
of government will be the most proper to adopt, and when said com- 
mittee have agreed on one, to report to the Convention which consists 
of the members of both Houses ; and if the Convention accept their 
report, then that form of Government is to be sent to the several 
towns in this State for their acceptance. My compliments to all friends. 
I am Sir, your ready friend and Humble Servt. 

Jedidiah Preble. 

Coll. John Waite, Esq. 


Boston, July 1, 1777. 
Dear Sir, — The scandalous retreat of Gen'l St. Clair from Tycon- 
derago, is matter of great speculation. I have seen two letters from 
him; and if he can give no better .satisfaction to the public than is 
contained in them, he deserves the severest punishment in the power 
of authority to inflict. We have had intelligence that part of our 


army retreated to Fort Ann, and that Col. Sam'l Brewer commanded 
them :ii nl that fifteen hundred of the enemy attacked him, and that he 
n ,1.1 v defended hi* post, and that the enemy left three hundred dead 
,,,, thr field. If the same spirit had animated Gen'l St. Clair, Tycon- 
derotra would still have been in our hands. I hope this will teach us 
never to give a Commission to a Scotchman again. I understand 
thne were one hundred pieces of cannon on the lines at Ty. ; they 
with all the provision, ammunition and camp equipage, have fallen 
into the enemy's hands. I congratulate you on the gallant behavior 
of Commodore Manly, and Capt. McXiel's gallantry, in not only hunting 
the fox, but in catching him. This is a noble example for all sea com- 
mandera to follow. There is a fine prize arrived at Dartmouth, with 
five hundred hhds. <>!' sugar. Also one other prize from the West 
Indies, her cargo is unknown here. The merchants and others at 
New York, are packing up all their goods, household furniture, &c. 
Their troops are embarked on board their largest ships; which are 
wooded and watered, as if designed for a long voyage, but I rather 
think they are designed for Rhode Island, as they may safely land 
there ; and there is nothing that I can see to prevent their taking 

!8si 'I Providence. I think it an object worth their attention ; 

as two of the Continental ships and several others of Force, together 
with fifty or sixty other vessels are in that harbor. The Council have 
issued orders to all the Brigadiers in this part of the State to see that 
all the militia under their command hold themselves in readiness, at 
an hours warning to march, well equipped with army ammunition, and 
si\ days provision, to any part of the State that may be attacked. 
We have also one regiment to be drafted for the defence of the State 
..I Rhode Island ; to lie taken out of three regiments that are situated 
Dearest thai place. 

I would have written more fully, but there issuchacrowd of public 
business, and hut lew members of the Board attend, so that 1 have 
very little time t<> spare. Pray let me have the satisfaction of hear- 
ing from you al the lirst opportunity; 1 this minute heard of your 
choice "l :i representative, and think yon have made a better choice 
than you did before. My compliments to all friends ; 1 am Sir, 

Your ready friend and Elumble Servt. 

JiDinifcH Pbiblb. 

II. John Waite, Esq. 



Boston, July 16, 1TT8. 
Dear Sir, — I congratulate you on the success of the American 
Army, for the particulars of which I refer you to Thursday's paper, 
which I suppose will reach .you before this. It appears to me, the 
great Gen'l Clinton cuts but a very despicable figure, in his first set- 
ting out at the head of the British Army. The game they have been 
playing, ever since the contest between Britain and America took 
place, is not worth the candle. However, I am fully persuaded they 
are near the end of their tether. We have a report here that they 
are shipping all their heavy cannon at Newport ; and at Halifax they 
are in the greatest confusion imaginable, and fortifying with all possi- 
ble despatch. We also hear there are a number of the refugees that 
declare they will return, and throw themselves on the .mercy of the 
State, live or die. Among which is Foster, Hutchinson, and Maj. 
Paddock the chaise-maker in this town. But if all were of my mind, 
they should keep the side they have chosen, and never be allowed to 
set their feet on any part of America in our possession. The day 
before yesterday the Council dissolved the bond of matrimony be- 
tween Wm. Sturges and his wife, on full proof of her inconstancy. 
Yesterday on the petition of a great number of the most respectable 
gentlemen of Boston and elsewhere, in behalf of one Jones who was 
under sentence of death, and was to be executed next Thursday ; there 
were fifteen members of the Board present, and after considering all 
circumstances relating to said Jones' crime and trial, the question 
was put ; there were eleven for a pardon and four against it. We this 
morning received the agreeable intelligence of the French fleets arrival 
in Chesapeake Bay, consisting of twelve ships of the line and six fri- 
gates. Provisions are very scarce and dear, xice $15 a hundred, rye 
$7 a bushel. The State of Connecticut has laid an embargo on all 
provisions from being transported by land out of the State. The 
Council has written to Gov. Trumbull, representing the necessity of 
their supplying us, and praying the embargo may be taken off. Please 
to favor me with a line by the first opportunity, which will very much 
oblige your ready friend and 

Obedient Servt. 
To Jedidiah Preble. 

Coll. John Waite, Jr. 


Boston, August 11, 1778. 
Dear Sir, — These leave me in perfect health, as I hope they will 
find you, your good family and all our connections ; a blessing to be 
prized above rubies. We have three posts between here and Rhode 


1-1 mo 1 established, so that we have intelligence of the army at that 
place every evening. Oept. Staral goes for Falmouth to-morrow,' by 
whom tins (Mines, shall to-morrow give you what situation our army 
is in, under the command of Gen'l Sullivan ; as the post will be in, 
the night ensuing. Our troops were yesterday morning within two 
miles of the enemies lines. We are all filled with anxious concern for 
the return of the French fleet ; on which in my opinion depends the 
Bncceas in a great measure of the enterprise against Rhode Island ; 
they are expected every hour. Saturday last Jacob Hathaway, one 
of the men whose oxen the Committee of Falmouth stopped and sold 
last August, threw in a petition to the Council accompanied with a 
letter of recommendation from Gov. Trumbull, and one other from two 
Justices of the Peace and sundry others, signifying he had taken the 
oath of fidelity to the United States, and that he bore a good charac- 
ter. Mr. Wendell and myself were chosen a committee to consider 
the petition, and report what was proper to be done there. I endea- 
vored to excuse myself as being one of the Committee, but the Coun- 
cil would not. We sat and had the said Hathaway before us. He 
made his story as good as he could, and Mr. Wendell believed him, 
being a very honest man himself, he said from what he had heard, the 
Committee had good reason to suspect them ; but he really thought 
this in an honest, and it was justice he should be paid for his oxen. 
However 1 (old them the Resolve prohibiting any provisions being cx- 
ported from this State to any other, by sea or by land, was come into the 
whole Court, and therefore Council could not take cognizance of the 
matter. Mr. Wendell told him if he would get a petition to the whole 
Court, he would take care of it, for he really thought. he ought to be 
paid. This is the state of affairs relative to the sixteen oxen, at pre- 
sent; 1 would have you consult with the concerned to-morrow and 
please to advise me of the result, and if not too much trouble please to 
Send me every step that was taken by the Committee, and whether 
you think the resolve of the Court will justify in detaining said oxen, 
please to favor me with the news at Falmouth. 1 rejoice to hear my 
children are well recovered of the small pox, and thank you for the 

The lv/i August. 
We have had advice from head quarters, that our army were ad- 
vanced within hall a mile of the enemies lines, ami that they were in 
high spirits, ami inanh up to their lines in the greatest older and 

regulation. The General complains that he has not men enough to 

in ike the victory certain ; however, In- is resolved to risk it. I am 
pry there ifl no news of the French fleet; however, what 


happens in the course of Providence will always turn out for the best. 

My compliments to all friends. I had like to forgot to acknowledge 

the receipt of your favor of the 6th inst., which afforded me great 

satisfaction. I am with sentiments of friendship and respect, 

Your most obedient humble Servt. 

To Jedidiah Preble. 

Coll. John Waite, 


Boston, December 8, 1718. 
Dear Sir, — I was last Sunday evening in company with Gen'l 
Warren, and some other gentlemen. He informed us that he had seen 
Mr. John Adams's wife, who told him she had received letters from 
her husband in France ; and that he advised her that America had 
nothing to fear from Great Britain, and signified that Spain would 
soon join. I understand our ambassadors are about applying to other 
powers besides France and Spain, and hope they will meet with the 
desired success. We have nothing lately from Head-quarters worth 
observing. .We have had accounts from Sheepscot, that there are two 
20 gun ships, and two tenders cruising off that harbor, with a design 
to capture two ships loading there with masts, whenever they should 
go to sea, which if they should effect, it would be (considering the want 
of those articles in the British Navy), better to them than silver or gold. 
The Council have applied to the Navy Board, asking them to send two 
of the Continental Ships. And the Council have ordered Capt. Wil- 
liams, commanding the armed brig Hazard, to join them, in order to 
disappoint those British Pirates from fulfilling their purpose ; but I 
am very sorry the Navy Board discover so much coolness and even 
.backwardness in sending these ships on this expedition, when they 
have been repeatedly applied to, more especially as there are now six 
frigates in this harbor, and some of them have been in port six months. 
There must be a very great neglect in some department or other. It is a 
shame and scandal to the whole Naval Department, that so many fine 
ships should lie so long in harbor, and suffer the enemy to capture 
our vessels with inferior forces. The Congress, in my opinion, had 
better have made a present of all the Continental ships, as fast as 
they were built, to some spirited gentlemen in the several States, 
who would have properly employed them ; than to have put them 
under the direction of agents and Navy Boards ; and I believe would 
have been gainers by it. I never saw more business carried on in 
Boston than at present ; the streets are so crowded with carts, trucks, 
horses and people, it is difficult in passing. Goods are amazing dear, 
and rising every day. If some method is not hit on to stop the 


depreciation of tlic currency, the States will be ruined. There is a 
t (bat Congress proposes to send to France, for £3,000,000 in 
goods, and which they can have for credit ; and have them convoyed to 
America by several 74 gun ships. These goods to be put into the 
bands of some gentlemen in each State, to be sold out, twelve for 
one, on account of the United States, and the net proceeds to be 
returned into the Continental Treasury and burnt. By this mode of pro- 
cedure, by running three millions sterling in debt to France, we should 
sink :;<; millions lawful money of the public debt. If this could be 
done, it would he the cheapest way we could devise to take the major 
pari of the paper money out of circulation. Should be much obliged 
to you to tell my son Edward* to send me the Continental tickets by 
the very first opportunity, as one of them drew a prize, and if it is not 
here by the 1st of Jan. I shall miss taking out any tickets in the 2nd Class. 
I must beg the favor of a few lines, to let me know what passes in 
Falmouth, and how our friends are. I have nothing to add, but that 
I am, with tenders of any service in my power, 

Your ready friend and Humble Servt. 
To Jedidiah Preble. 

Coll. Jonx Waits, 

In Falmouth. 

Boston, March, 17 19. 
Sir, — These leave me in perfect health, as I hope they will find you, 
and all our connections. 1 saw a letter from Col. Parker addressed 
to Mr. Williams, dated at Philadelphia, Feb. 23d last, one paragraph 

<>f which 1 have transcribed, and is as follows, viz. : " goods con- 
tinue high and have risen lately. Iron is now at 600£, DOtwithstands 
ing the arrival of the best good news since our troubles began. Offi- 
cers, members of Congress and others have assured me, in short it is 
universally known, or rather believed that such news is received, but 
ii Is not to be divulged yet. I am <jlad Congress can for once /.>> p a 
for I am told that scarcely an instance has happened before, 

when some member has not divulged it. This kind of intelligence we 
have had divers ways, and 1 have not the least scruple but Spain has 
rccogni/..,! ,,ur independence. Britain, look to yourself] A letter 
from Gen'l Washington to Gen'l Gates, informing him that the army 

g 1 health, high spirits ami well fed and Clothed, which 1 am 

|lad t.. bear. I oannol gel one penny of money from the TretM 

mil i on account of the sufferers ^\' Falmouth. 1 am dunning him every 

pie here in general are in a Buffering condition tor want of 

Commodore Edward Pn ble, then 17 yean old. 


bread, and I see but very little likelihood of their being soon relieved. 
Mr. Butler will bring you the Tax Bill, and the sooner the rates are 
made, the better for the public and private. A gentleman arrived 
here last evening from Philadelphia, who informs that Gen'l Lincoln 
has defeated the British army, and taken thirteen pieces of brass 
cannon, and three hundred prisoners ; I shall be glad to have it con- 
firmed. There is a report in town that Britain has offered to acknow- 
ledge our independence and withdraw their troops ; provided they may 
keep Canada, Nova Scotia and Pensacola. I never should be willing 
they should have Canada ; but it is out of our power to enter into any 
treaty without the consent of France ; and France, I am fully persuaded, 
will never consent to part with Canada. Holland also has offered to en- 
ter into a treaty of commerce with us. My compliments to all friends, 
your lady in particular. A. few lines from you will lay under a new 
obligation, your assured Friend and Humble Servt. 

Jedidiah Preble. 
To Coll. John Waite, 

In Falmouth. 
Favor of 

Mr. Batter. 

Falmouth, July 11, 1781. 
Dear Child, — I received your favor with great pleasure and satis- 
faction to find you have met with so much kindness and friendship 
from Col. Tyng and lady. I have written him my acknowledgments 
on the subject, and hope that your future conduct will be such as to 
render you in some measure worthy their future notice. As you are 
admitted on shore, a favor denied all the officers of the ship, never 
stain your honor by attempting to escape. I shall do every thing 
and pursue every measure that affords the least prospect of success, 
to get you exchanged in a justifiable way. Present your mama's, and 
my best compliments to Col. Tyng and lady, and let them know Ma- 
dame Ross was in good health yesterday. Be always on your guard 
against temptations, or giving the least occasion to any that has shown 
you favors to charge you with a breach of trust. Be kind and oblig- 
ing to all. For no man ever does a designed injury to another, with- 
out doing a greater to himself. Let reason always govern your 
thoughts and actions. Be sure and write me at all opportunities ; 
your mama, brothers and sisters join me in presenting their love to 
you, and wishing you a speedy exchange. 

I am your ready friend and affectionate father, 

Jedidiah Preble. 

My Son Edward.* 

* Afterwards the Commodore ; at that time, a prisoner on board the Jersey Prison Ship, 
New York. 


Boston, Feb. 27, 1782. 
Dear Charles, — The particular regard I have always entertained 
for those that gave you being, excites in me a friendly desire to con- 
tribute as Car as lies within the compass of my abilities, towards the 
happiness and prosperity of their offspring. Consider you are an 
only chihl. ami on your close attention to your studies, and future 
proper conduct, very much depends your worthy parents' happiness. 
You are now in the bloom of youth, and Nature has been very liberal 
to you, in adorning you with superior abilities for one of your age ; 
therefore I would advise you to keep a continual watch and guard 
over all your words and actious. Endeavor always to conduct your- 
self in such a manner as shall meet with the best ***** 
* * [This portion of the original is torn and illegible.] 
Take heed never to treat those whom Providence has placed you 
above, with contempt, for this reason, because no person that is evei 
so poor and despicable, but may have it in their power to serve you, 
or injure you. Consider you are now, by the care and kindness of 
your indulgent parents, placed at a school where if you apply yourself 
to your studies in a proper manner, you will as you grow into man- 
hood be properly qualified to make your way through life with honor ; 
•and be»a candidate for preferment, and a useful member of this Com- 
monwealth. Always avoid heedless disputes, and never commence 
any quarrels ; but always make your passions the subject of youf 
reason. If any thing I have said in this letter shall contribute any 
thing to your advantage, it will afford the greatest pleasure ami satis- 
faction to your ready friend and well wisher, 

Jedidiah Preble. 
Mr. Charles Millar, 



By Brig. General Jedidiah Preble, 

ON NOTHING— An Impromptu. 

Nothing, what art thou ! no where to be found, 

Yet everything on earth thou dost surround. 

In thy dark womb, this work lay hid from sight 

Till Great Jehovah said " Let there be light ! " 

No sooner spoke than instantly obeyed, 

And then from nothing everything was made. 

The numerous fish that in the ocean swim, 

Were every one from nothing, made by Him. 

The beasts, the birds, and every creeping thing 

The Great Creator did from nothing bring. 

The Earth, the Sea, the Stars, the Moon, the Sun, 

From naught were made, when first this world begun 

And thus have I this verse on nothing made, 

Which has no being, not so much as shade. 


On fancy's wings my towering thoughts shall rise, 
And trace the regions far beyond the skies, 
And leave all sublunary things below 
To try the stretch of thought, how far 'twill go ; 
Thro' worlds unnumbered o'er amazing height 
My anxious thoughts pursue their rapid flight, 
Swifter ten thousand times than bullets fly, 
Or fiery streaks of lightning cross the sk} r ; 
Swifter than do the subtle rays of light 
Dart from the blazing sun, to banish night. 


New. worlds each moment rising to rny view 

1 swiftly pass, and still discover new, 

Till all creation's bounds at length I reach, 

And then, my thoughts, you've took your utmost stretch, 

For all beyond immensity of space, 

T i ire 's neither here, nor there, nor time, nor place. 

Retire, my thoughts, and soar aloft no more, 

But learn the Great Creator to adore. 

A FRAGMENT— 1777. 

To injured* Troops, the gallant general spoke : 

Will you with tameuess bear the British yoke ? 

Will you Americans, enured to pains 

And toils of war, drag ignominious chains ? 

Turn and behold where British hostile bands 

Seize on your property, lay waste your lands. 

Your daughters, wives, snatched forcibly away, 

Slaves to proud England's sons, to lust a prey. 

Hark, how with piercing crys ye injured maid, 

By force Bubdued, implores a brother's aid : 

In agonies repeats her brother's name, 

To --lay the ruffian, ami preserve her lame ! 

R lose, soldier* ] rouse. A glorious vengeance take ! 

Religion! Honor! Freedom! all's at stake! 

The Reply of the Soldiers. 

Enough ! they cried, let Washington proceed, 
We dare to follow, where he dares to lead ! 


Oi'u President's witty, and though he knows how, 
Speaks more than the rules of the Senate allow. 

His arguments are weighty, and for the most part 
Are larded with reas and managed by art. 

lie never passed over the smallest mistake, 

But stopped, and proposed amendment to make, 

He has gai I by experience in public employ, 

The i fe of refusing, or art to comply. 

• \ . 1. 1. in. , i • 



The member from Newtown 

No rules can control, 

His chiefest delight is 

In calling the roll. 

He's here, and he's there, 

He comes in — He's called out, 

He disturbs the whole Senate 

By walking about. 

He never is idle, 

Works early and late, 

Despises the torys, 

Is a friend to our State. 

Would he obey orders 

And sit in his seat, 

He would make up the number 

Of sixteen complete. 

What is the most perfect popular government ? 

That where an injury done to any private citizen is such to the 
whole State, or where the law has no superiors, or where the inha- 
bitants are neither too rich or too poor. Where virtue is honored 
and vice detested. Where dignities are always conferred upon the 
virtuous and never upon the wicked. Where the citizens fear blame 
more than punishment. Where the laws are more regarded and have 
more weight than the orators. 


Province of the 
Massachusetts Bat. William Shirley, Esq. Capt. General and 
Governor in Chief in and over His Majesty's 
******** Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New 

England, &c. 

* SEAL * 

To Jsdidiah Pbebble, Esq. Greeting: 

By virtue of the Power and Authority, in and l>y his Majesty's Royal 
Commission to Me granted to be Captain General, kc. over His i 
Majestys Province of the .Massachusetts Bay aforesaid (I do by these 
presents) reposing especial Trust and Confidence in your Loyalty, 
Courage, and good Conduct, Constitute, and appoint you the said 
Jedidiah Prebble, to I"' Lieutenant Colone\6fa Regiment to be raised fed 
a n Expedition intended tq be carried on upon (he East* rn Frontiers qfthit 
Province for the defence thereof of which John Winslow, Exqr. d 
Colonel. You are therefore carefully and dilligently to discharge the 

duty of a Lieutenanl Colonel in leading, ordering and exercising said 
Regtmenl in Arms, both inferior Officers and Soldiers, and to keep then] 

1 Order and Discipline; hereby commanding them to obey yod 
as their Lieutenant Colonel, and yourself to observe and follow sucl 
Orders and Instructions as you shall from time to time receive from 
me, or the Commander in Chief for the time being, or other your 
Superiour Officers for His Majestys Service, according to Millitary 

and Discipline, pursuant to the Trust reposed in you. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at arms at Huston, the twenty-third 
day ol April— In the twenty-seventh year of the Reign of His Majesty 

King George the Second, a.nnoq Domini : One thousand 
l»undred and fifty-four. 

W. Shirley. 
I'v his Exccll mmand, 

•I \\ i i. \ \<, Sec'y. 

, ti t 


Boston, June 10, IT 54. 
Province of the 
Massachusetts Bat. 

Jedidiah Preble, Esq r . took the Oaths appointed by Act of Parlia- 
ment to be taken instead of the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and 
Repeated and Subscribed the Test or Declaration in the said Act Con- 
tained, together with the Oath of Abjuration. Also an Oath appointed 
by Law to be taken Respecting the Bills of Public Credit of the neigh- 
bouring Governments. 

Before us, o t> r Councillors. 

' Silvanus Bourn, ) 

Note.— See page 44 for account of this expedition. Got. Shirley died March 25, 
1771. (See Smith's Journal, vol. i. pp. 219.) 

Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay. Thomas Pownall, Esq. ; Captain General and 
Governor in Chief, in and over His Majesty's 
* seal. * Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New- 

******** England, and Vice Admiral of the same, &c. 

To Jedidiah Prebble, Esq r . Greeting : 

By Virtue of the Power and Authority in and by His Majesty's Royal 
Commission to Me granted to be Captain General, &c. over His Ma- 
jesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay aforesaid, I do by these 
Presents (reposing especial Trust and Confidence in your Loyalty, 
Courage and good Conduct) constitute and appoint You the said 
Jedidiah Prebble to be Colonel of a Regiment of Foot raised by me for a 
General Invasion of Canada. 

You are therefore carefully and diligently to discharge the Duty of 
a Colonel in leading, ordering and exercising said Regiment in Arms, 
both inferior Officers and Soldiers, and to keep them in good Order 
and Discipline, and they are hereby commanded to obey you as their 
Colonel, and you are yourself to observe and follow such Orders and 
Instructions, as you shall from time to time receive from the Gen- 
eral and Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Forces in .North 
America, or any other your Superiour Officer, according to the Rules 
and Discipline of War, in pursuance of the Trust hereby reposed in 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms at Boston, the thirteenth 
Day of March ; In the thirty-first Year of the Reign of His Majesty 
King George the Second, Annoq ; domini, 1758. 

T. Pownall. 

By His Excellency's Command, 

A. Oliver, Sec'y. 


Province of the Massachusetts Bay. York ss. May 23, 1758. 

Colonel Jedidiah Prebble repeated and subscribed the Test or decla- 
ration, and took the Oath Prescribed by Act of Parliament. Also the 
Oath prescribed by a Law of the Province relating to the bills of the 
other Provinces. 

Wm. Pepperell, ) Two of the 
Jacob Wendell, | Council. 

Province of the 
Massachusetts Bat. Thomas Pownall, Esq. ; Captain General and 
Governor in Chief, in and over His Majesty's 
* seal. * Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New- 

******** England and Vice Admiral of the same, &c. 

To Jedidiah Preble, Esquire, Greeting : 

By virtue of the Power and Authority in and by His Majesty's Royal 
Commission to Me granted to be Captain General, &c. over His Ma- 
jesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay aforesaid, I do by these 
Presents (reposing especial Trust and Confidence in your Loyalty, 
Courage, and good Conduct) constitute and appoint You, the said 
Jedidiah Preble, to bo Brigadier General of the Forces raised by me to 
be employed in his Majesty's Service tlw ensuing Campaign ; and to hold 
(he Rank as a Brigadier General in the Provincial ZVoopSi 

You arc therefore carefully and diligently to discharge the Duty of 
a Brigadier General in leading, ordering and exercising said Forces in 
Arms, both inferior Officers and Soldiers, and to keep them in good 
Order and Discipline, and they arc hereby commanded to obey you as 
their Brigadier General, and you are yourself to observe and follow 
sucli Orders and Instructions as you shall from time to time ret rive 
from me or any other your Superior Officer according to the Rales and 
Discipline of War, in pursuance of the Trust hereby reposed in you. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms, at Boston, the twelfth Dm 
of March — In the thirty-second year of the Reign of His Majesty 
King George the Second, Annoq: Domini, 1759. 


Hy His Excellency's command, 

A. Ui.iver, Sec'y. 


Afternoon Thursday, Oct. 27, 1174. 

It was moved that the Congress proceed to the choice of 
three General Officers, and resolved that they should first make choice 
of the gentleman who should have the chief command, and the com- 
mittee having voted and counted the votes, reported that the Hon. 
Jedidiah Preble, Esq r . was chosen, 

Hon. Artemas Ward next chosen. Then Col. Pomeroy. 

Oct. 28, 1774. It was resolved the Hon. Jedidiah Preble and other 
constitutional members of His Majestys Council of this Colony by the 
Koyal Charter chosen to said office last May session,* be desired to 
give their attendance at the next meeting of this Congress upon ad- 
journment, that this body may have the benefit of their advice upon 
the important matters that may come under consideration, and the 
Secretary of Congress is hereby directed to transmit to those 
severally a copy of this resolve. 

Dec. 8, 1774. 
Resolved, that Mr. Sullivan be desired to forward to the Hon. 
Jedidiah Preble, Esq r . a resolve of this Congress appointing him a 
General Officer. 

Feb. 9, 1775. 
Resolved, that the Hon. Jedidiah Preble, Esq r ., Hon. Artemas 
Ward, Esq 1 ., Col. Seth Pomeroy, Col. John Thomas and Col. Wm. 
Heath, be and they are hereby appointed General Officers, whose 
business and duty it shall be with one and so many of the militia of 
this Province as shall be assembled by order of the Committee of 

* Twenty-eight Counsellors had been chosen May 25, 1774, at the annual meeting of the 
General Court, agreeably to the Charter of William and Mary, three of whom were from 
Maine, viz. Jere. Powell, Jedidiah Preble, Enoch Freeman. 

When the list was presented-to Gov. Gage for his approval, he exercised his right of 
negative and rejected thirteen, but Brig. Preble was one retained. In August following, 
when the number of Counsellors was increased to thirty-six, and the right of choosing them 
was taken from the people, and the selection vested in the Crown, he was not one of those 
thus appointed. 



Safety effectually to oppose and resist such attempt or attempts as 
shall be made to carry into execution by force an Act of the British 
Parliament entitled " An Act for the better regulating of the Govern- 
ment of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England," 
or who shall attempt the carrying into execution by force another Act 
of the British Parliament entitled " An Act for the more impartial 
administration of justice in cases of persons questioned for any act 
done by them in the execution of the law, or for the suppression of 
riots and tumults in the Province of Massachusetts Bay " — so long as 
the said militia shall be retained by the Committee of Safety and no 
longer; and the said General Officers shall, while in said service, 
Command, heed, and conduct in such opposition in the order in which 
they are above named, any order or orders of any former Congress 
varying therefrom notwithstanding. 

The Government and People of Massachusetts-Bay in New-England. 


u oKAIj. - 



Jer. Powell. 
Artcmas Ward. 
W. Sever. 
Moses Gill. 
II. Gardner. 
Benj. Austin. 
Tim". Daniclson. 
Dan'l Ilopkins. 
N. dishing. 
Tim. Edwards. 
Oliver Prescott. 
A. F idler. 
Josiah Stone. 
John 1'itts. 
Joseph Simpson. 
E. Brooks. 

To Our Trusty and Well-beloved 

Jedidiah Preble, Esquire. 
Whereas in and by an Act made and passed 
by the Great and General Court or Assembly of 
Our Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New 
England, at their Session begun and held at 
Boston, the thirty-first Day of May 1699, en- 
titled An Act for establishing Inferior Courts of 
Common Pleas in the several Counties of this 
Province, it is enacted, " That there shall be 
held and kept in each respective County within 
the said Province yearly and every Year, at the 
Times and Places in the said Act mentioned and 
expressed an Inferior Court of Common Pleas 
by four substantial Persons to be appointed and 
commissionated, as Justices of the same Court 
(any Three of whom to be a Quorum for holding 
the said Court), who shall have Cognizance of 
all Actions arising or happening in such County, 
triable at Common Law, of what Nature, Kind or 
Quality soever ; and are thereby impowered to 
give Judgement therein, and award Execution 

W'r therefore, repoiing especial Trust and Confidence in your Loy. 
ally, Pmdenoe and Ability, have assigned, constituted and appointed; 


and do by these Presents assign, constitute and appoint you the said 
Jedidiah Preble, to be one of our Justices of our Inferior Court of 
Common Pleas in the County of Cumberland within our State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay aforesaid, in all causes wherein any of the standing Justices 
of said Court are interested, or necessarily prevented giving their attend- 
ance, so that there shall not otherwise be a Quorum. And We do hereby 
authorize and impower you in all such cases to have, use, exer- 
cise, and execute all and singular the Powers, Authorities and Juris- 
dictions unto a Justice of said Court belonging or in any wise apper- 
taining ; and you with other two of our Justices of the said Court to 
hear and determine all such causes and matters as are by Law cog- 
nizable in the said Inferior Court, and to do that which to Justice 
appertaineth according to Law. 

In Testimony whereof, We have caused the public Seal of our State 
of the Massachusetts Bay aforesaid to be hereunto affixed : Witness the 
Major part of the Council of Our said State, at Boston the twenty- 
fourth Day of Sept. 1778. 

By command of the major part of the Council, with the Advice and 
Consent of Council. 

John Avert, Depty Sec'y. 

Cumberland ss. Falmouth, Oct. 2*1, 1TT9. 

Pursuant to authority given us by the Honorable major part of ye 
Council. We have administered to the Hon ble Jedidiah Preble Esq. 
the Oath of Allegiance and Oath of Office to which he is appointed by 
ye within commission. 

Enoch Freeman, 
David Mitchell. 

DEEDS, & c . 

July 18, 1730. (York Co. Records, Lib. 14, Folio 9, 10.) 
* Thomas Pickering of Portsmouth, N. H. Millwright, in considera- 
tion of 140j£ lawful money paid by Jedidiah Preble, of York, in the 
County of York, Husbandman, conveyed to him Two acres more or 
less of Salt Marsh in York. 

Oct. 13, 1737. (York Co. Records, Lib. 20, Folio 50.) 

Cap!. Joseph Bane of York, Gent., conveyed to Jedidiah Preble of 
York, Yeoman, " about two acres of land on the N. W. side of the 
highway that leads up by the dwelling house of Banes to a Place called 
Scituate in York." 

July 6, 1738. (York Records, Lib. 20, Folio 241.) 

John Preble of York, Yeoman, in consideration of two acres of land 
and five shillings paid by Jedidiah Preble of York, Yeoman, conveys 
to him one acre more or less of Salt Marsh on the S. E. side of Mill 
Cii,k, above the Great Bridge, and near the said Jedidiah's dwelling 
house, which salt marsh said John purchased of John Sayward Jan. 
14, 172t. 

Dec. 23, 1739. (York Records, Lib. 19, Folio 293.) 

John Stewart of Scarborough, County of York, &e. 11<m.<cwrighi, in 
consideration of 5004 paid by Jedidiah Preble of York. Teoman, convey^ 

v>\ l " him 120 acres in Wells, with dwelling house, out houses, Minis, 
Gardens and Fences thereon — also, half of a Salt Marsh lyini;- in 
Ogiuicpiit marshes, between Abraham's river and the sea wall, being 
in partnership with Benjn. Stevens — the whole about seven acres. 

./ S, LT80. (York Records, Lib. 19, Folio 814.) 

/' ,■] Bennett of Fork, Phytioian, in consideration of sixty pounds 
Bills of credit paid by Jedidiah Preble of York, Teoman, conveyed 

twenty acres of Laml in Wells, being part of a fifty acre grant made 


by the town of Wells to Samuel Stewart, Senr., Thomas and James 
Baston, Job and Daniel Low, at a legal meeting held in the year 1*701- 

Jan. 4, 1744-45. 

Benj. Bridge of York, Tailor, for the consideration of 43£'s paid 
by Jedidiah Preble of Wells, Coaster, conveyed to him half an acre and 
seventeen poles of land with the House thereon which he purchased 
of Jos. Holt in 1740. 

Feb. 1, 1743. (Yori; Records, Lib. 21, Folio 122.) 

Wm. Curtis of Wells, Husbandman, for the consideration of three 
pounds lawful money, conveyed to Jedidiah Preble of Wells, Yeoman f 
all his lands in Phillipstown deeded him May 1, 1739, by Jeremiah 
Moulton of York. The House lot put down No. 31, containing 50 
acres, together with 80 acres of land running back from and the same 
width as the 50 acre lot until 130 acres are* complete. 

April 27, 1747. (York Records, Lib. 26, Folio 136.) 

Col. John Gorham, Esq. of Boston, in consideration of 5£ old tennor 
Bills of credit paid by Jedidiah Preble of Wells, Gentleman, conveyed 
at the house of Mary Wheeler in Falmouth, Aug. 19, 1751 — 

Nov. 27, 1753. 

Benj. Godfrey of Falmouth, Shipwright, bound himself in the sum 
of 150£ lawful money, to be paid him by Jed. Preble of Falmouth, 
Esq. under the following conditions — Jedidiah Preble, at the request 
of Dan'l Godfrey deceased of Falmouth, Housewright, became a surety 
for the payment by said Godfrey of 200 ounces of silver to Nathan Hale 
of Newbury, Esq. If Benj. Godfrey takes up the bond thus given and 
deliver it to Jed. Preble on or before Nov. 27, 1754, so as to release 
him from all cost and damage on its account, then his obligation was 
to be void. 

October 4, 1753. (York Records, Lib. 30, Folio 205.) 

Joshua Bangs of Falmouth, Gentleman, in consideration of 52£ 2s. 8d. 
lawful money paid by Jedidiah Preble of Falmouth, Esquire, conveyed 
to him certain uplands and Flats in Falmouth neck, where the town 
stands, being for a privilege for wharfing, &c, and lieing along 
by and adjoining to the western side of his old wharf and warehouse, 
100 feet wide, &c. 

March 1, 1757. (York Records, Lib. 33, Folio 25.) 

Samuel Crockett and Priscilla his wife of Gorhamtown, Shipwright, 
and others of Falmouth, in consideration of 11£ 4s. lawful, paid by Jed. 
Preble of Falmouth, Esq. convey to him their right to Ifackworth's 


Island near the mouth of PFesumpcot river in said Falmouth, being 
5$ acres on the S. E. side of said Island. 

Dec. 16, 1758. (York Records, Lib. 35, Folio 71.) 

Christopher Stone of Falmouth, Esq. in consideration of one right 
in i lie seventh township granted by the General Court of Massachu- 
setts unto the Narragausett soldiers, said right being the 120th part 
of said Township — 

October 6, 1749. (York Co. Records, Lib. 27, Folio 244.) 

Jehu Owen of Falmouth, Ghairmaker, for the consideration of 700£ 
money old tennor paid by Jedidiah Preble of Falmouth &c. Esq. con- 
veyed to him, an acre and a half of laud more or less, in the First 
Parish of Falmouth, bounded at the S. wstly corner of Samuel Proc- 
tera acre lot, thence running S. wstly fronting on Middle street six 
rods, and to extend the same width adjoining partly on Sam'l Procter's 
acre lot, and partly on Moses Pearson's acre lot, till it comes to Back 
Street together with the Dwelling House and shoemakers shop there- 
on, which land he some time since purchased of Thomas Moseley and 
John Millar. 

March 9, 1748. (York Records, Lib. 27, Folio 171.) 

Samuel Waldo of Boston, Esq. in consideration of 250£ last emis- 
sion of Bills of credit paid by Jedidiah Preble of Falmouth, Esguirei 
conveyed to him 100 acres of land in Falmouth, beginning at the 
Stilly corner of the 100 acres sold Capt. Samuel Skillings by Waldo, &c. 

Jan. 23, 1753. 

Moses Pearson, Enoch Freeman, Esqs. and Joshua Freeman, Gent, of 
Falmouth, -il 1 7 s. Id. 8 farthings paid by Jedidiah Preble of Falmouth, 
Gentleman, convey to him right No. 14, in Narragausett township 
No. 7 (Gorham town), the sum which it was sold for Taxes at Public 
Vendue ol -is u lawful paid Jed. Preble, Esq. of Falmouth, conveyed 
to lii t>i land estimated half an acre on the south side of Fore river in 
Falmouth, the hounds of which arc described with the Dwelling House 

Sept. B0, 1700. (York Records, Lib. 31, Folio 80.) 

Joshua Bangs of Falmouth, Gent., in consideration of 266X 13s. Id. 
paid by Jed. Preble, Esq. of Falmouth, otherwise called "Jedidiah 
Preble, Commander of Fori Tow-nail at Penobscot" conveyed to him 

an Island " OOmmonly known and called by the name of Portland 

[■land, otherwise called /Lndrossei Island, lying in the Township m 

Falmonth," and containing 215 acres more or less. In case the Bail 

repaid the consideration with interest before 18 Sept. 1701, 

this sale was to be null and void. 


Sept. 30, 1761. (Cumberland Go. Records, Lib. 2, Folio 3 & 4.) 

Clement Jordain of Falmouth, Gent, for the consideration of 300£ 
lawful, conveyed to Jed. Preble, Esq. of F., the Easterly half of 
Richmonds Island, containing above 100 acres, beginning at the mid- 
dle of a bar of sand on the northerly side that runs to the main. 

Sept. 17, 1762. (Cumberland Co. Records, Lib. 2, Folio 174.) 

Sam' I Cobb, Executor of Joshua Bangs deceased, in consideration 
of 466£ 13s. and 4d. conveys to Jed. Preble of F. an Island in Casco 
Bay, formerly called Androsses Island and latterly Bangs Island, con- 
taining about 230- acres, situated on the easterly side of Portland 
•Sound going into Falmouth Harbor, "between Ram Island, House 
Island and Peaks Island," together with the House, barn, outhouses 
and fences thereon. 

May 7, 1762. (Cumberland Co. Records, Lib. 2, Folio 110.) 

Peter Sterrat of Falmouth, Husbandman, sells for 246£ 13s. 4d., 
sixty acres of land to Jed. Preble, Esq. of F., near Pond Cove, and 
half of another tract in the same neighborhood containing 25 acres, 
also another tract or gore of land containing 38 acres. 

October 29, 1762. (Lincoln Co. Records, Lib. 3, Folio 257.) 

The heirs of Brig. Gen'l Sam'l Waldo, in consideration of 720£ 
received of Jedidiah Preble of Penobscot, county of Lincoln, conveyed 
to him 2700 acres of land in the neck of land whereon Fort Pownal 
stands ; in case the neck did not contain that number of acres it was 
to be made up from land next adjoining. There being reserved to the 
Waldo heirs forever all fresh water rivers and streams in said tract of 
land, all marble and lime stone, and all quarries and ledges thereof, 
with liberty of digging the soil to get the same out for transportation, 
and erecting mills and lime kilns. Fort Pownal and government 
buildings were also excepted. 

Jan. 21, 1763. (Cumberland Co. Records, Lib. 2, 261-62.) 

John Furbish of Falmouth, Mariner, for 53£ 6s. 8d. sells Jed. 
Preble, Esq. of F. 12| square rods of land, 4 rods 12 links wide on 
Middle street in Falmouth, between lands owned by John Anderson 
and Benj n Branch, and which he bought of John Millar the 19 of the 
same month. The sale includes house, fences, &c. 

July 30, 1765. (Cumberland Co.- Records, Lib. 6, Folio 42, 43.) 

Sam'l Plaisted of Scarborough, Gentleman, for 22£ lawful, paid by 
Jed. Preble, Esq. of Falmouth, sells him Salt Marsh by the side of 
Nonsuch river. 



Dee. 2, 1767. (Cumberland Co. Records, Lib. 3, Folio 198-99.) 

Samuel Cobb, Shipwright of Falmouth, Executor to Joshua Bangs, 
Gent, in consideration of 196£ lawful, paid by Jed. Preble, Esq. and 
Enoch Usley,* merchant, in equal halves conveys to them the wharf 
and warehouse, late belonging to Joshua Bangs on the S. easterly 
side of the road that leads from King streetf to the Ferryways, to- 
gether with the whole interest of Bangs, in the Dock on the SWstly 
side of said dock, the same having been struck off to Jed. Preble, the 
highest bidder at a public vendue held Sept. 29, 1767. 

Dec. 29, 1769. (Cumberland Co. Records, .) 

Sam'l Cobb, &c. Executor of the last will, &c. of Joshua Bangs, for 
a consideration of 351£ 6s. 8d. conveys certain parcels of Real Estate 
therein described to Jed. Preble, and adjoining the land previously sold. 

March 15, 1769. (Cumberland Co. Records, Lib. 5, Folio 214.) 

Clement Jordain of Cape Elizabeth, in consideration of 210£ lawful, 
conveyed to Jed. Preble, Esq. of F. the westerly half J of Richmond! 
Island, containing 100 acres, more or less. 

June 1, 1770. (Cumberland Co. Records, Lib. 7, Folio 25.) 

Robert Allen, Gentleman, and Jonathan Allen, Esq. both of Chill- 
mark, Dukes Co., Mass., appoint Jed. Preble, Esq. their attorney t<> 
sell and dispose of their real estate in the Township of Falmouth with 
full authority. 

August 12, 1770. (Cumberland Co. Records, Lib. 7, Folio 179.) 

Enoch Freeman, Moses Pearson and S. Longfellow, a committee of 
the proprietors of Pearsontown, sell for taxes for 9£ paid by Jed. , 
Preble, Esq. of P., Right No. 93, in said township, excepting a 30 
acre lot. 

September 20, 1774. (Cumberland Co. Records, Lib. 9, Folio 341.) 

Jedidiah Preble, Esq. of Falmouth, " in consideration of the love 1 
have and do bear towards my wife Blehitable, and in consideration of 
5s. paid by Thomas Oxnard of Falmouth," conveyed to him, but retain- 
ing for his uwuand wife's uses and benefit during their natural lives, and 
to her heirs and assigns forever after his decease, a small lot of land 

in Falmouth adjoining John Tyng's laud, with his dwelling house, 
barn and all appurtenances. 

• Bnoch Daley, Au^r. 10, 1769, for the sum of B8£ lawful, sells and quit claims his right 
nn.l titl«- tn tlii- hunt, he. tO Jed. l'nlilo. 

t Now (1808) India itreet 

X nt Jordain had eight yean previously, viz., Sept. 30, 1 70 1, sold him the Easterly 
luiir of thi [aland r<ir300£. 


Nov. 26, 1777. (Cumberland Co. Records, Lib. 11, Folio 57.) 

Jed. Preble, Esq. of Falmouth, for the sum of 200£ lawful, conveys 

to the land and flats purchased by him and Enoch Ilsley of 

Sam'l Cobb, Executors of the Estate of Joshua Bangs. 

July 30, 1779. (Cumberland Co. Records, Lib. 10, Folio 382.) 

Sarah Waldo of Boston, widow, in consideration of the sum of 
52£ 2s. 6d., conveyed to Jed. Preble, Esq. of Falmouth, 139 rods of 
Land in Gapeissick, in Falmouth, adjoining land purchased by said 
Preble of James Frost. 












The Estate of Brig. Preble after his death was appraised by Enoch 
Freeman, Richard Codman and Euoch Ilsley, Sept. 5, 1785 (See 
Probate Records, Cumberland Co., Vol. 3), viz. : 

His Mansion House, including the lot of land and out- 
buildings (excepting the shop and counting room 
adjoining the House), purchased of Richard Salter, 
Shop and Counting Boom adjoining said Mansion, 
Souse and Lot improved hy Thomas Child, 
Western Wharf and flats, near the Ferry way, with 

the privilege of the Dock between the two wharves, 140 00 00 

Eastern Wharf and flats, with the privilege of the 

Dock between the wharves, 60 00 00 

Lot of Land where the late Capt. Bangs's House for- 
merly stood, with the Barn standing thereon, 50 00 00 
Five Gow-rights on Munjoy, 50 00 00 
Breastwork between the wharves and privilege of dock, 48 00 00 
Bangs Island and buildings thereon, 300 00 00 
Bichmonds Island and buildings thereon, 400 00 00 
Two hundred acres in Pearsontown, 40 00 00 

Total Real Estate, £1468 00 00 

Personal Estate, 233 08 04 

Total Real and Personal, £1701 08 04 

In addition, the following notes ; 

A Loan certificate Feb. 25, 1778, for 

do. do. " 9, 1779, " 

do. do. " 9, 1779, " 

do. do. " 25, 1779, " $300 $1300 


A State Note, Nov. 1, 1782,. " £100 

do. do. " 1, 1782, " £100 

do. do. Feb. 1, 1783, " £180 £380 

Brig. Preble's Will, dated Feb. 10, 1784, recorded in Vol. 3, Pro- 
bate Records, Cumberland Co., p. 292, bequeaths his property as 
follows : 

1st. The payment of his just debts and funeral expenses. 

2d. Bangs Island to be his wife's during her life. 

3d. One hundred pounds lawful, to be paid one year after his 
decease to each of the following persons, viz. : His sons John, Eben- 
ezer, Edward, Joshua, Enoch and Henry, and also to daughter Statyra. 

4th. The remainder of his Estate to be equally divided. To his chil- 
dren and heirs of deceased son Jedidiah, one tenth ; to Lucy Webb, wife 
of Jonathan Webb, of Boston, one tenth ; to Martha Oxnard, wife of 
Thomas Oxnard, one tenth ; to sons John, Ebenezer, Edward, Joshua, 
Enoch, Henry, and to daughter Statyra, one tenth each. 

Further, after his widow's decease, Bangs Island to be equally divid- 
ed as above. 

Ebenezer Preble, and his widow, the Executors. 


1733 — 1869. 

" Hester Sandys, the wife of Sir Thomas Temple of Stowe, Bart., had four sons 
and nine daughters, which lived to be married, and so exceedingly multiplied, that 
she saw seven hundred extracted from her body. Besides there was a new genera- 
tion of marriageable females just at her death." 

" When Charles, thirteenth Duke of Norfolk, had completed his restoration of 
Arundel Castle, he proposed to entertain all the descendants of his ancestor Jock 
of Norfolk, who fell at Bosworth Field, but gave up his intention on finding he 
should have to invite upwards of six thousand persons." — Fuller's Worthies. 

" The Earl of Sandwich, in 1665, at a dinner table conversation, stated, that in King 
James I.'s time, when it was proposed to cut off the entayle of some land which was 
given, with remainder to the family in Henry VIII. 's time, to Chief Justice Sir 
Edward Montagu — His grandson Lord Montagu did answer to the King, in 
showing how unlikely it was that ever it could revert to the crown, that at that 
time there were 4000 persons derived from the very body of the Chief Justice. The 
number of daughters in the family having been very great, and they too had most 
of them many children, and grandchildren and great grandchildren." — Pepy's 



Eldest Sok of First Marriage. 1734 — 1783. 

And His Descendants to 1869. 

Jedidiah Preble, Jdn., the eldest son of the Brigadier by his first 
marriage, was born at York, Maine, in 1734. He married Miss Avis 
Phillips, of Boston, 1761 or '2, and died 1782 or '3. His death was 
occasioned by the breaking of his leg, and his subsequent exposure, 
incident to his shipwreck upon Seal Island, off the Coast of Maine.* 

July 29, 1761. Thomas Trott, Cordwainer, of Falmouth (see Cum- 
berland Co. Records, Lib. 2, folio 37), conveyed to him one quarter 
of an acre of land on the Southerly side of Middle street, in Falmouth, 
three rods in width on the street, for the sum of 30£ lawful, being land 
the said Trott had purchased of his father John Trott, March 4, 1758. 
In this deed he is styled Jedidiah Preble, Jun r . of Falmouth, mer- 

May 8, 1763 (sec Cumberland Co. Records, Lib. 3, folio 26), 
Thomas Thomes, Mariner, of Falmouth, for 105.£ lawful, sold him alot 
B rods 15 links wide on Back street, adjoining Enoch Moody's land, 
being the same he bought of his lather Joseph Thomes, one fourth of 
an acre. These purchases are interesting, showing as they do the value 

Of land in Portland one hundred and ten years ago. 

• sec •• Birth, Parentage and Experience of Jedidiah Preble 3d" (his son), written by 
Mro«clf. Portland Print Lb] J ftW.E Edward*, 1880. 

t N'>w CongreM Street 


From the book printed by his eldest son in 1830, we learn that 
Jedidiah Preble, Jun. was blessed with a very retentive memory, and 
that on a certain occasion having heard the Rev. Mr. Whitfield preach 
a sermon from Genesis xxii. 12, concerning the offering 1 of Isaac 
by Jacob, he retained, and could repeat the whole of it. His son, who 
appears to have been a monomaniac on subjects of religion, though 
sensible and honest in other respects, states that his father "was 
engrossed in business, and was possessed of good natural talents, and 
a bright genius, but sometimes indulged in language unbecoming a 
rational creature, until the loss of his property taught him patience 
and forbearance." 

His wife was a member of the Episcopal Church, and, says her 
son, very strict in teaching her children the Catechism, Hymns, &c, 
and often discoursed with them concerning religion, especially on 
Sabbath days, and evenings after they were in bed — but, adds her son, 
"though I believed, when a child, if there ever was a christian upon 
earth my mother was one, yet notwithstanding her morals, she lived 
in the pride of life, dressed to excess and even attended balls, and 
chanted to the sound of the viol, all of which was then called innocent." 
We wonder what her son would say to round dances, and the degene- 
racy of the present times. After her husband's death, Mrs. Preble 
married and removed from Castine to Portland, and surviving her 
second husband passed the remnant of her declining years with her 
eldest son, who had removed to Clinton, on the Kennebec, until he 
married, when she returned to Portland, until he had prepared for 
himself a new home in Stark, Maine, where she ended her days. 

The following dream is related in the book already referred to, which 
may serve to amuse the believers in that phenomenon. 

" My father being out of health and resting in bed one afternoon, 
fell into a slumber, and dreamed that Mr. Whitfield rose from the 
dead, and came to him with an open Bible in his hand, and pointed 
him to the text, Proverbs, xxix. 1, ' He that being often reproved, 
hardeneth his neck, shall be suddenly destroyed, and that without remedy.' 
Said my father, ' I am very much surprised, Mr. Whitfield, that you 
should command me, who am a man of small learning, to preach.' To 
which Mr. W. replied, ' Don't you remember David the stripling who 
went forth against Goliah, of Gath, with a sling and a stone ? You 
have the same God to protect you. Take the sword of the spirit, 
which is the word of the Lord.' 

" My father dreamed that he took the Bible from Mr. Whitfield, and 
preached from the text pointed out to him, to a large congregation, 
and that his words had such effect, that they drew streams of tears 
from his own and their eyes, and he awoke weeping." 


We have no record, however, of his ever having preached in his 
waking hours, and the moral effect of his dream seems to have been 

Jedidiah Preble, Jun. seems to have inherited a taste for, and some- 
times to have cultivated the acquaintance of the Poetic Muse. Several 
specimens of his verses are extant, and if they do not exhibit the 
highest order of poetic talent, their moral counsel is irreproachable, 
and they show him to have been a man cultivated and educated to the 
average standard of the time in which he lived. 

As an example of his poetry, we give the following : 

Lines addressed to his Eldest Son, while vert young. 
" Jeddy my first born, study God to please, 
Then with thy days, thy wisdom will increase. 
Ne'er to thy fond parents be thou unkind, 
But cultivate a docile, gentle mind. 
Tliy conduct ; let it ever virtuous be, 
Warring against each sin, most hcedfully. 

" Flee youthful lusts, that war against the soul, 
And rule thy passions with a firm control ; 
Be ever mindful of thy final state, 
And daily watch at wisdom's ample gate : 
Living each day as though it were thy last, 
Nor let thy precious moments run to waste. 

" And while thy feet attempt youth's flowery way, 
Guard well thy steps, lest thou should'st go astray. 
Each idle word, and every impious thought 
Will to thy judgment be most surely brought. 
Lying and swearing serve but to destroy, 
While virtuous deeds lead on the soul to joy. 

" Haste, then, thy steps, nor loiter on the road 
Which Leads the heart to virtue and to God ; 
' The soul's calm sunshine and the heart-felt joy ' 
Le1 no vain thought nor action e'er destroy ; 
Better's the little of the good I ken 
Than all the wealth of many wicked men. 

" Let no fell passions in thy bosom dwell, 

Pot 'tis Like witchcraft ; 'gainst God to rebel ; 

While stubbornness is an iniquity, 

And claims near kimlrcl to idolatry, 

To obey, more worth than bullock offering claims, 

To hearken is better than the fat of rams." 


The death of Jedidiah Preble, Jr. was very singular. Having 
taken passage at Oastine on board a vessel bound for Passama- 
quoddy, the vessel was wrecked on Seal Island, about nine leagues 
or twenty-seven miles from the coast of Maine. It was very 
dark when the vessel struck, and while he was busily employed 
forward, the crew and passengers left the vessel and hastened to 
the shore. Looking around and ascertaining he was alone on board, 
he also attempted to land. There was a violent surf on, and the 
vessel was thrown so hard upon the rocks, as he was going aft, that 
her deck planks separated, and his leg was caught between them as 
they closed again, and cruelly crushed and shattered. The seams 
re-opening he was able to extricate himself from his perilous situa- 
tion and reach the shore ; but his sufferings from his wounded limb 
became extreme, and the island afforded none of the conveniences indis- 
pensable to his comfort. His chief subsistence besides water was a 
species of sea fowl called Gannet, which his shipwrecked companions 
caught upon the rocks, and which could be but poorly cooked, from the 
difficulty of finding fuel. In this helpless condition he lingered nine 
days, when he was relieved by death from his sufferings. 

The remainder of the shipwrecked people having repaired the boat 
(its bows having been stove in), in the best manner they could with a 
bearskin, which had drifted on shore from the wreck, succeeded on 
the afternoon of his death in reaching the main land. 

The Children of Jedidiah Preble, Jun. and Avis Phillips. 
1. Nancy, born April 24, 1763 ; married Francis Adams, 1786, and 
died at Portland, Aug. 23, 1847, aged 84 years 4 months. 
In 1868, four of her daughters were living in Portland, as 
appears by the following, taken from the Portland Transcript : 
" On the 24th June, four sisters dined together on Brown street, in 
this city, on the occasion of the birth day of the eldest, who was 81 
years old on that day, their united ages being 311 years, respectively 
74, 77, 79, and 81. The eldest was never married, the other three are 
all widows with good families of children. One has had 12 children, and 
now has 8 children, 42 grandchildren, and 2 great-grandchildren living. 
The family originally consisted of four girls, and four boys, all born in 
Castine, Me., where their father (Francis Adams) died in 1803, at 
which time their mother with eight children removed to Portland, the 
place of her nativity, where she lived with her children till they were 
either married or old enough to take care of themselves, and subse- 
quently with her oldest daughter, and where the girls have lived ever 
since. The boys — one older and three younger than the girls — all died 


many years ago." " The girls arc all well, and all members of 
churches, three of them Baptists and one Congregationalist, all wait- 
in-- for t\ic coining of their Lord. Hitherto the Lord hath helped 
tin in." 

" The eldest of these girls, though childless, was a mother to many 
generations ; though never a mother in a maternal sense, yet many 
years a mother in Israel. She was with her sisters, and took care of 
them alternately in many of their sicknesses, and she was as a mother 
to their children and their children's children. She kept house with 
her mother from 1819, up to the death of the latter, in 1848, about; 
twenty-nine years, and was her chief support, maintaining herself and 
mother by watching day and night over the sick and dying. Any 
one who wishes to see her, can have the privilege by calling at No. 
82 Vaughan street, where they will find her cheerful, kind and tender-'' 
hearted, with a good memory, full of prayers and tears for all occa-1 
sions, which she will bestow bountifully on all who need sympathy." 

2. Jedidiah (3d), born at Castinc, Me., July 29, 1765; married I 
Content (daughter of Capt. Joseph Lander, whaleman, of 
Nantucket, Mass., and afterward of Stark, Me.), in 1190, 
who died in 1825. He died at Bethany, adjoining Batavia, 
N. Y., Sept. 23, 1847, aged 82 years 1 month 25 days, 
lie was a religious enthusiast, and a very eccentric character, as 
appears from a book entitled his " Life and Experience," which ho 
wrote and published seventeen years before his death, when he was 
65 years old. lie dated his conversion to God, from the 14th of dan., 
1795 — when, as he says in his book, " with him all the old things 
passed away and all things became new." 

William Seaver, Postmaster at Batavia, answering some in qua 
rics relating to him shortly alter his death, wrote — 

" I am an old resident here, and was personally acquainted with 
Mr. Preble, whom I always regarded as a very pious, ardent, and sin- 
cere Christian man, though quite eccentric and singular in his public 
manifestations of the same. He was illiterate, perhaps superstitious] 
thought lightly of all but spiritual things, ami was occasionally 
praying ami exhorting in the Btrcets, which induced many to considel 
him partially insane, lie was indeed a religious enthusiast, almofl 
a monomaniac on the subject ; hut yet though always grave, was 
ami sensible in Conversation, industrious ami collect iii his habits, and 

exhibited no indications of mental aberration, lie left live children! 
who are still i L859 i li\ Ing. 

An obituary n otic o appeared in the Batavia Spirit of the T 

I H7, a I' w days after his decease, which says : — 


" Mr. Preble's remains were brought to this village for burial, and 
his funeral was attended from the Baptist Meeting-House on Sunday 
last. Mr. Preble was poor in this world's goods, but always abound 
ing in unaffected piety and good works. Singular as he sometimes 
appeared in exhibitions of religious zeal, his whole life gave evi- 
dence that he was honest and sincere. A Memoir of his life, written 
by himself, and published in 1830, disclosed in unlettered simplicity a 
life devoted to religion and piety. 

He left with his son the following written memorandum with respect 
to his funeral, which was literally complied with. 

" Batavia, May 30, 1846. 

" A funeral sermon, the text Revelations xiv. 13. ' I heard a voice 
from heaven saying unto me, Write, Blessed are the dead who die in 
{he Lord, from henceforth ; Tea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest 
from their labors ; and their works do follow them. 1 Hymns to be sung, 
commencing, ' Come, thou fount of every blessing : ' and ' Why do we 
mourn departed friends.' 

" N. B. Dress this body in old fashioned apparel with a white cloth 
tied about its head, and a sheet about its body, and a coffin made of 
Bass wood, or white pine boards, painted white (if painted at all), and 
my further request and charge is that none of my children or relatives 
wear any mourning for my dead or departed body, but rather rejoice 
and praise God with all their souls, minds, body and strength, that 
I have gone to be with God and Christ, which is far better ; but strive 
to follow me, as I have strove to follow my dear Redeemer by his 
word and spirit, and what I have wrote I trust is by the direction of 
the good spirit of my God." 

3. John Phillips, born at Castine, Me., April, 1768, and drowned 
within a stone's throw of his father's door, July 21, l^TY, 
aged 9 years 3 months. His father mourned his death in 
some lines of which the following is a specimen : 

" Ye gentle streams, that glide along my shore, 
With pleasure I shall view your scenes no more, 
Since near your banks I lost a lovely child, 
Obedient to his parents, and of temper mild. 

" Farewell all comfort, that this world doth give ! 
I cannot bear the thought he does not live ! 

5p yf- Tf- 5fl 2jt 

For like a flower nipp'd by some sudden blast, 
From health to death he suddenly did haste. 


Calling for help and mercy ! — which I hope 
God granted, ere he fell beneath his stroke ! 

Where'er we walk, and trace his little feet, 
Methinks these words to us, he doth repeat : 

" sorrowing mourners ! calm your troubled mind — 
Mourn for yourselves, and those I 've left behind. 

I must resign a lovely blooming child, 

And let the earth his body hide awhile ! 

With hope to meet him in the world above, 

Where our fond hearts shall shout redeeming love." 

4. Samuel, born at Castine. 

5. Daniel, born at Castine. 

6. Avis Binney, born at Castine ; married John Carr, of Portlaud, 

April 5, 1801 ; died. 

Grandchildren of Jedidiah Preble, Jun. and Avis Phillips. 

The children of Nancy Preble and Francis Adams 
(All born in Castine, Me.) : — 

1. Avis Phillips, born June 24, 1787. Living in Portland, Me., 

unmarried, in 1869. 

2. Nancy, born August 25, 1789 ; married Simeon Skillings, Aug. 

16, 1812, and had twelve children, viz. eight sons and four 
daughters. She was living in Portland, Me., in 1869. 

3. Mary K., born July 23, 1791 ; married Joshua Mitchell, Nov. 

30, 1809. She was living in Portland. Mo., in 1S09. She 
has five children, viz., three sons and two daughters. 

4. Statira Codman, born April 22 ; married Xath'l Flint, January, 

1817. She was living in Portland, Me., in 1809. She has 
FOOT ehildren, vi/.. two sons and two daughfc 

(These are the four Bisters mentioned in the Portland Tran 

Robert M , married; and died, aged 35. Hi* descendants are 


6. Francis, died unmarried, at the age of 20 

7. John, died unmarried, at the age of 26. 
3amuel, died onmarried, al the age ^\' 21. 


The children of Jedidiah Preble, 3d, and Content Lander : — 

1. Sarah, born 1793 ; died unmar. March 5, 1838, aged 45. 

2. John, born July 16, 1797 ; married Laura Capwell, daughter of 

William and Phebe Capwell, of Middleburg, Wyoming Co., 
N. Y. She died at Niles, Michigan, Dec. 31, 1861. He 
had six children, viz. three sons and three daughters. It is 
unknown whether he is living or dead, but has not been 
heard from since 1860. 

3. Avis, born 1802 ; married Hiram Preston, June, 1825, and 

was living in Wyoming Co., N. Y., 1868. She had one 

4. Lucy, born 1804; married Samuel Stow, 1826, and died at 

Battle Creek, Michigan, 1865. She had two children, a 
son and daughter. 

5. Samuel, born April 16, 1806 ; married Eliza Baldwin, Oct. 29, 

1831. He has had seven children, viz. three sons and four 
daughters, of whom, in 1869, two sons and three daughters 
were living. He was living at Batavia, N. Y., 1869. 

6. Martha Oxnard, born 1804 ; married William Bangs, April 17, 

1825, and lived in Gorham, Me., where she died in 1862, 
aged 58, leaving a son — Charles Edward. 

7. Daniel, date of birth unknown, who died at the age of 15 "by 

the bursting of an artery in his arm abraded by the caustic 
discharge of a sore occasioned by a white swelling." 

8. Mary, date of birth unknown, married John Maddocks in 1836, 

and had two sons. Date of her death unknown. 

9. Ann, date of birth unknown ; she died young and unmarried. 

The children of Avis Binney Preble and John Carr, of Portland, Me.: 

1. John, born Jan. 23, 1802. 

2. Joseph Eowe. 

3. Moses Nowell. 

4. Mary Rowe. 

5. Daniel. 

6. Wm. Wallace. 

7. Susan. 



The children of Nancy Adaks and Simeon- Shillings 
i All born in Portland, Me.) : — 

1. Edward, born April J^, 1813; married Elizabeth J. Cleaves, 
May 16, 1839 — has had seven children, viz. : — 1. Albert, born 
March 7. 1840. 2. Angelina B., b. Aug. 4, 1842. 3. Mel- 
vin. 1>. An-. 14, 1845. 4. Ellen E., b. Oct. 11, 1847. And 

by a 2d marriage to : 5. George H., born June 3, 

L856. ''>. Martha J., b. June 6, 1859. 7. Mehitable, b. 
D«c. 'JO, 1861. All living in 1868. 

2 Charles Porter, born Aug. 18, 1814; married Mary A. Jordan, 
Oct. 4, 1840. His children are : — 1. Charles W., born June 
15, 1843. 2. Franklin, born April 12, 1845, and killed in 
(he battle <>f the WHderneee, May 5, 1864. And by 2d mar- 
riage with : 3. Warren P., born May 11, 1859. 4. 

I leorge F., 1>. Sept. 25, 1865. All but Franklin living in 1868. 

3. George V\\, born Dec. 10, 1815 ; married Margaret Pickard, 

May 12, 1839. He has two children, viz. :-»-l. George E., 
born Oct. 26, 1841. 2. Georgiana, b. Sept. 12. 1843. 

4. Simeon, born March 12, 1818 ; married Nancy E. Sterling. June 

1, 1844. Bas eight children, viz. : — 1. Luther F., born Dec. 
18, 1848. 2. Oliver A., b. Sept. 13, 1850. 3. Elizabeth A., 
b. Nov. r6, 1852. 4. MaryE.,b. May 28, 1855. 5. Nan- 
cy E., b. Aug. 3, 1857. 6. Simon \Y\, b. Oct. 4, 1860. 
7. Elmer E., b. March 26, 1863. 8. Fannie G. W., b. Oct. 
27, 1865. 

5. Robert P., born Oct. 31, 1819 ; mar. Harriet Trefethcrn, Oct. 

13, 1*12. Eas six children, viz. : — 1. Almira I., horn Feb. 
21, IStl. 2. Franklin, b. Jan. 1. 1816. 3. Simeon A., b. 
Oct. 28, 1817. 4. Florence, b. Jan. 23, 1850. 5. Henry 
T., b. Sept. 26, 1854. 6. Lincoln, b. Nov. 24, 1862. 

6. Sarah A.. DOM Jane 29, 1821 j married Smith 0. Badlock, July 

14,1848, lias eight children, viz.: — 1. Battie A., horn 
apriU4,1844. 2. Emma 0., b. Feb. 17, 1846. 3. Nancy 
A . h. Oct. 23, 1847. 1. Samuel, b. Aug. 27. 1849. 5. 
Oliver E., b. June 1, 1862, 6. OyrenaA., b. Aug. ."■. 1854. 
7. Henry B., b. April 28, 1856. 8. Sarah <;.. b. May 7. 1858. 
. !. Oct. -'::. 1822 | died April 25. 185 
8. Oliver Perry, bora Maj 19, 1824 ; died anmar. June 10, I 



9. Eliza M., born Dec. 25, 1825 ; married S. L. Hubbard, Nov. 6, 

1853. Has two children, viz. : — 1. Willie I., born Oct. 19, 

1854. 2. Lillie D., b. March 16, 1859. 

10. Nancy Preble, born Feb. 25, 1828 ; and living in Portland, Me., 

unmarried, in 1868. 

11. Silas Broad, 2d, born Aug. 25, 1829 ; married Serena Briggs, 

Nov. 22, 1855. Has four children, viz.: — 1. Fredric JN! , 
born Dec. 6, 1859. 2. Charles W., b. March 6, 1862. o. 
Rose M., b. March 2, 1864. 4. Anna C, b. Aug. 24, 1866. 

12. Mary, born July 17, 1831; married James Bain, March 11, 

1852. Has two children, viz. : — 1. Alvin F., born March 26, 

1853. 2. Mary, b. Oct. 29, 1855. 

The children of Mary K. Adams and Joshua Mitchell :- 

1. Eliza M., born Sept. 18, 1810. 

2. Samuel, " Sept. 24, 1815. 

3. Franklin, " Aug. 21, 1818. 

4. Robert M., " June 14, 1822. 

5. Mary K., " Aug. 21, 1831. 

The children of Statira Codman Adams and Nathaniel Flint : 

1. William, born April 12, 1818. 

2. Harriet, " March 13, 1823. 

3. John A., " July 4, 1828. 

4. Elizabeth E., " Sept. 13, 1833. 

The children of John Preble and Laura Capwell : — 

Sarah, born Nov. 5, 1826 ; died April 8, 1840. 

James, born Jan. 31, 1828 ; married Lucinda Johnson, April 2, 
1860. Living, a farmer, near Niles, Michigan, 1869, and has 
three children, viz. : — 1. Edward, born Jan. 13, 1866. 2. 
William, b. June 24, 1867. 3. Henry, b. Nov. 2, 1868. 

George, born July 16, 1829 ; married. He was two years a pri- 
vate in a Penn. regiment during the rebellion, 1860-64. 
4 and 5. William and Wilber (twins), born June 30, 1831. Wilber 
died the day of his birth. William was in Davisville, Yolo 
Co., California, in 1869. 

6. Peter, born July 27, 1833. 

7. Daniel, born Aug. 3, 1834 ; died Sept. 14, 1834. 



Dorlasca, born Sept. 24, 1838; married Jonathan Wells, oi 
Niles, Michigan, 1858, and left for Pike's Peak, April 4, 1859. 

Clarissa, born Nov. 8, 1845 ; married .Martin Gates, of Canau- 
daigua, X. Y., Oct. 22, 1863. Died Jan. 18, 1864. 

The children of Avis Preble and IIiram Preston : — 

1. Sarah, married Ileushaw, an attorney at law in Wea- 

thersfield, N. V., 1868. 

The children of Lucy Preble and Samuel Stow : — 

1 Ira, living at Battle Creek, Michigan, 1868. 
Sarah, died unmarried. 

The children of Samuel Preble and Elizabeth Baldwin 
(All born in Batavia, N. Y.) :— 
I. Win. Edward, born Dec. 29, 1832 ; unmarried, 1869. 
•J. Harris, lu.rn .May 6, 1835. 

3. Enoch, bum Man-h I, 1 s;;s ; man nil Josephine Stark, of Alex- 

ander, X. Y., and was living a1 Batavia, N. Y., 1809. lias 
one son, viz. : — 1. Charles Henry, born Jan. 29, 1864. 

4. James, born Dec. T, 1840. lie was an Orderly under Gen'I 

Schofield, ami wm killed cU Qoldsboro', N. C, March 31, 1865. 

5. Lama, born April 1'.'. 1847 ; married Henry Williams, of New 

v.irk, Sept. l, L865. 

6. Julia, born Aug. 4, 1819 ; died March 17, 1852. 

7. Julia M., born June 28, 1853. 

Tin- children of Martha Oxnard Preble ami William Bangs: — 
1. Charles Edward. 



Third Son of First Marriage. 1142 — 1787. 

And his Descendants. 

/*/*> A*€&u ;;,: • 

The third son of Jedidiah Preble, Sen- 
by his first marriage with Martha 
Junkins, was born at York, Me., in 
1742. He was married by John Allan, Esq., to Sarah Frost, of Plea- 
sant Point, on the Schoodic River, then called Plantation No. 1, and 
now the town of Perry, Me., November, 1783, and died of con- 
sumption, at Portland, Me., Dec. 3, 1787, aged 45. 

He was an Indian interpreter, having made himself familiar with 
the Indian dialects, and was Truck Master for the supply of the In- 
dians, by appointment of the Government of Massachusetts, at Fort 
Pownal, from 1770 to 1775. 

In June, 1776, the General Court made provision for stationing a 
company of soldiers at Falmouth, for which they sent ten cannon. 
The company was enlisted in the neighborhood to serve until Decem- 
ber, and the command given to John Preble. 

In 1777, he was appointed Lieut. Col. of the St. John Expedition, 
of which John Allan, of Machias, was the Colonel, and Col. Little 
Brigadier. (See Brig. Preble's Diary, Sat. June 7, 1777, page 71.) 

There is frequent mention of John Preble in the Journal of Col. 
Allan, for which see Kidder's " Maine and Nova Scotia in the Revo- 
lution," which also contains a report made to Col. Allan, dated April 
30, 1779, and signed by him. In Col. A.'s Journal he is styled either 
Mr. or Cap.t. Preble. Though chosen Lt.-Colonel, he seems never 
to have acted in that capacity. 

The Children of John Preble and Sarah Frost. 

1. Lucy, born ; m. John Mahar, 1803 ; died Oct. 10, 1845. 

Her husband died Feb. 7, 1855. 

April 23, 1813. " John Mahar, of Plantation No. one, in the Coun- 
ty of Washington, State of Mass. Yeoman, and Lucy Mahar, wife of 
said John Mahar and daughter of the late John Preble, late of Pas- 
samaquoddy, otherwise of Portland, in the County of Cumberland, in 
the State aforesaid, deceased, who was the son of Jedidiah Preble, 
late of said Portland, Esq. deceased," constituted Enoch Preble their 
attorney, to ask, &c. of and from Ebenezer Preble, &c, Executor of 


the estate of Brigadier Preble, the just share of Lucy Mahar as one 
of the heirs of said Jedidiah or John Preble, &c. 

TnE Grandchildren of John Preble and Sarah Frost. 

The children of Lccy Preble and John Mahar : — 


John Preble, 


Sept. 17,1804. 




July 19, 1807 • 

died July 20, 





Feb. 12, 1809 ; 

died Aug. 31, 





Mar. 30, 1812; 





Nov. 15, 1814; 

died Nov. 15, 





July 2, 1817. 




Dec. 2, 1819. 




Oct. 15, 1823. 


Simon Frost, 


June 26, 1825. 


Lucy Ann, 


Nov. 15, 1828. 


Fourth Child of First Marriage. 1744 — 17 — . 

Lucy Preble, the only daughter, and fourth child of Jedidiah Preble 
and Martha Junkins, was born at York, Me., about 1744, and married 
Jonathan Webh, of Boston, Jan. 1763. The date of her death is un- 
known to me, and I have not been able to ascertain whether she was 
the mother of children. Her husband was probably the sen of 
the Rev. John Webb, who was ordained minister of the new North 
Church in Boston, Oct. 20, 1714, and continued its pastor to April 15, 
1750, the date of his death. 


Eldest Child of the Second Marriage. 1754 — 1824. 
And her Descendants to 1869. 

sV 7^^ — s> f\ Martha Preble was born on 

cAZjCsr-vstCLJ &jCPl&Y& L ' Falmouth Neck, now the City 
of Portland, Me., Nov. 18, 1154, and married Thomas Oxnard, June 
17, 1172. Surviving her husband a quarter of a century in widowhood, 
she died at Portland, of a disease of the kidneys, Oct. 16, 1824, aged 
69 years 10 months and 28 days. 

Thomas Oxnard, the husband of Martha Preble, was the son of Tho- 
mas Oxnard,* an eminent merchant of Boston, and Sarah Osborn, the 
daughter of John Osborn, of Boston. He was born 1740, came to Fal- 
mouth previous to 1768, and died there of gout in the stomach May 20, 
1799, aged 59 years. Some of the descendants of Martha Preble and 
Thomas Oxnard seem to have inherited the diseases which caused their 

Falmouth was the only customs Collection District in Maine previous 
to the American Revolution. The Collector was appointed by a Board of 

* Thomas Oxnard, Sen. was the third Grand Master of the first Masonic Lodge established 
in New England. On the 30th of April, 1733, a deputation was granted by Lord Montacute, 
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England, to "Henry Price, " in behalf of himself and 
several other brethren " then residing in New England, appointing him " Provincial Grand 
Master of New England aforesaid, and dominions and territories thereunto belonging." 
From the powers contained in this deputation sprang the first existing Lodges in this coun- 
try, and Henry Price is regarded as the father of American Lodges of Free Masons. On 
application of Benjamin Franklin, one was immediately after founded in Philadelphia, of 
which Franklin was appointed its " Right Worshipful Master." There are no masonic 
records in this country previous to 1733. On the 30th of July, 1733, as soon as his deputa- 
tion was received from England, Major Price assembled the brethren residing in Boston 
at the " Bunch of Grapes " tavern, and appointed his Deputy Grand Master and Wardens ; 
and on the same day that he organized the Grand Lodge he received a petition from eight- 
een masons of Boston in behalf of themselves and other brethren, asking to be established 
as a regular Lodge. This Lodge was denominated " First Lodge in Boston " until 1783, 
when it took the name of " St. John's Lodge," by which it has since been known. 

Maj. Price was superseded as Provincial Grand Master in 1737, by a like commission 
granted by the Grand Master of England to Robert Tomlinson, who held the office seven 
years, and was succeeded in 1744 by Thomas Oxnard, who held it about ten years and died 
with his commission unrevoked. Upon the death of Mr. Oxnard, Maj. Price, as the oldest 
Provincial Past Grand Master in America, was called to the vacant Grand East until an 
appointment could be made by the Grand Master of England. 

There were doubtless irregular meetings of masons previous to 1733, which had not the 
sanction or authorization of the Grand Lodge of England, which claimed and assumed 
authority over all masons in the colonies. In 1749, the old authority from Henry Piice to 
Franklin in 1734 was superseded by a new warrant to him from Thomas Oxnard, Provin- 
cial Grand Master of all North America, constituting him Provincial Grand Master of 
Pennsylvania, with power to charter new Lodges.— Drake's History of Boston, aad^Wash- 
ington and his Masonic Compeers. 


Commissioners established by the British Government at Boston, which 
had charge of the officers of the Customs and the Revenue in New- 
England. The office of the Collector was kept on Falmouth Neck. 
George Lynde was the last Collector under the British authority. In 
1770 Thomas Oxnard was appointed his Deputy, and continued the 
Deputy Collector until the breaking out of the Revolution. lie fled from 
tho country after the burning of Falmouth, and remaining loyal to the 
King and Crown, was proscribed by the Act of 1778. 

In 1782 he was at Castine, then in possession of the British troops, 
and sent for his wife. The application was presented to the Provincial 
Congress, which passed a resolve permitting her to go to him at Pe- 
nobscot " with her two servant maids, and such part of her household 
goods as the selectmen of the town of Falmouth shall admit." His 
property was confiscated under the absentee act in 1782. 

They both returned to Portland after the war, where on his arrival ho 
was arrested under the law against absentees, and taken (1784) 
before Samuel Freeman, Esq., on a complaint made by Woodbury 
Storer, Esq., for returning from banishment. He was tried before Enoch 
Freeman, Samuel Freeman and Peter Noyes, Esquires, Justices, and 
on conviction was committed to Jail to remain until delivered by order 
of the Governor. Theophilus Parsons advised him, prepared a writ 
of habeas corpus for him, and argued that by the Treaty of Peace 
he was allowed to return, notwithstanding the State law. 

He was permitted by Gov. Hancock to go to Boston, and remain 
until the session of the legislature, with the expectation that the law 
would be repealed ; on being relieved from further trouble, he re- 
turned to Portland, where he and his brother Edward re-commenced 

In 1787, the Episcopal Church being destitute of a preacher, he 
officiated as its reader, with a view of taking orders in that Church. But 
in the pursuit of professional studies his religious opinions underwent 
an entire change, chiefly from reading the writings of Mr. Lindsey and 
Mr. Belsham of England, and his correspondence with the Rev. Doctor 
Freeman, of the Stone Chapel, Boston ; so he abandoned the Episcopal 
Society, but continued to officiate to a few of his former hearers who 
had become Unitarians, or were inclined that way. He preached not 
only discourses written by himself, but read printed sermons prepared 
by others. His meetings were held in tho old North Schoolhouse, 
which stood at the foot of .Middle Street, Portland. 

Be was a man of general intelligence, f constant reader, and of 
animpeaObable honor and virtue. He was tall in person, thiii and of a 

good presence, different froin his brother Edward, who, although 

fall, was quite OOrpnlent. Be was more fond of study and medita- 
tion than action ; the latter was even irksome to him. 



He was buried in the Eastern Cemetery or old burial place on Mun- 
joy's hill, Portland, where plain simple head stones of slate mark 
the last resting places of himself and of his widow. 

The Children of Martha Preble and Thomas Oxnard 
(All born in Portland) : — 
1. Thomas, b. April 3, 1775 ; mar. Clarice De Grand, of Marseilles, 
July 19, 1810. He commanded the celebrated Privateer, 
" True Blooded Yankee," in the war of 1812-15, which cre- 
ated such havoc among the merchantmen in the British Chan- 
nel, that the British Government offered a reward for her 
The " True Blooded Yankee " carried eighteen guns and one hun- 
dred and sixty men, and was owned by Henry Preble, a son of the 
Brigadier, who then resided at Paris. She was first commanded by 

Hailey, and subsequently by Thomas Oxnard.* She had an 

American commission, and sailed under the American flag, but always 
fitted and sailed from French ports, viz., Brest, L'Orient and Morleaux. 
She was very successful, cruising the greater part of the war in the 
British and Irish Channels, and making a number of rich prizes. These 
she generally sent into French ports ; a few, however, were sent to 
the United States. One ship sent into Brest was said to be worth 
$500,000 ; one laden with dry goods and Irish linens was ordered to 
the United States ; and the ship Industry was sent to Bergen, Nor- 
way, and there sold. 

When " The True Blooded Yankee " arrived in France she was 
laden with the following spoils : 18 bales of Turkey carpets, 43 bales 
of raw silk weighing 12000 pounds, 20 boxes of gums, 46 packs of 
the best skins, 24 packs of beaver skins, 160 dozen of swan skins, 
190 hides, copper, &c. &c. 

In 1813, during a cruise of thirty-seven days at sea, she captured 
' twenty-seven vessels and made two hundred and seventy prisoners ; 
* and also took possession of an island on the coast of Ireland and held 
it six days. She also took a town in Scotland and burned seven ves- 
sels in the harbor.. She was soon after fitted out to make another 
\ cruise in company with the Bunker Hill of fourteen guns and one 
hundred and forty men. Refitted for sea, and, manned with a crew 
of two hundred men, she sailed again for Brest the 21st of No- 
vember, 1814, for the purpose of cruising in the British Channel, with 

* Cog. Hist, of Am. Privateers, and Clark's Naval Hist, of the United States. 


orders to divest her prizes of their valuable articles, and to sink, burn 
and destroy, but not to capture with the intention of sending them 
into port. 

Thomas Oxnard settled in France, and engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits both there and at Gibraltar. lie died at Marseilles, June 16, 
1840. On his death-bed he requested that his body might be shroud- 
ed in tin* American Flag, which was accordingly done. He had three 
sons and one daughter. 
•_'. Edward, b. Sept. 13, 177Y ; mar. Rebecca Thompson ; was lost 
in the Privateer Dash, which foundered at sea in the war of 
1812-15, leaving no descendants. 
3. Ebenezer Preble, b. June 12, 1782 ; died unmar. at Demerara, 

Oct. 22, 1800. 
I. John, b. Mch. 16, 1783 ; died at sea, unmarried, Dec. 20, 1802, 
■d 19 years. 

5. Martha, born April 17, 1786 ; mar. her cousin, Edward Oxnard,* 

July 20, 1819. Died Jan. 30, 1860. She had three sons and 
two daughters. 

6. Mary, born .March 5, 1787 ; died unmarried, Jan. 7, 1796. 

7. Henry, born Jan. 6, 1789; mar. Charlotte Farnham, May 5, 

L819; died at his residence, No. 4 Mt. Vernon Street, Bos- 
ton, Dec. 15, 1843, leaving two sons aud one daughter. 
An obituary notice, published in the Boston Daily Advertiser of 

1 i, 1843, Bays : 
" At i3S of his father, Henry Oxnard was but ten years old, 

and in the fifteenth year of his age he commenced the arduous and 
perilous life '•!' a mariner. From his vigorous constitution, daring en- 
terprise, intelligence, ami rectitude of conduct, he became a command- 
er almost simultaneously with his arriving at the period of manhood, 

• Edward and William Oxnard, who married Martha and Mehitable Oxnard, wore sons 

. bora in l ;u. ton L746, who graduated a) Harvard College in 1767. Ke- 

I i tltnd, and was married, Oct. 11, 177 1, by Dr. Haven, of Portsmouth, to Mary, 

it of John Fox, anthor of the " Book of M u-tyrs, 1 * 

-Mary-Ann, b. Jan. 81, 17*7; m. Ebenezer Moseley, of Newbnryport 

Mehitable Oxnard. Edward, b. Jnly 13, 1791 ; in. Martha 

an Fox. John, b. March 26, 1796; m. Cathfr 

Pox arc living 11869), aged respectively 80, 78, 7G and 

'■ After the burning of Falmouth be left the country, 

qouI the war. li.- was a member of the 

mposcd of prominent n had a weekly din- 

' over the privations and distresses which 

Returning to Falmouth after the war, hehecamea 

\ the Umeof his death, he was building a large 

n tier mother. He died. 


and soon afterwards was either interested in the ship or cargo, and in 
the double capacity of master and supercargo made numerous voyages 
to most of the chief commercial emporiums of Europe and South Ame- 
rica, Hindostan, China and the Islands of the Eastern Archipelago. 

" Having thus laid the foundation of a fortune by an uninterrupted 
and adventurous career on the deep, he established himself as a mer- 
chant at Boston, where, as a large ship-owner, he soon became con- 
spicuous for his talents, and remarkable energy in the various branches 
of commerce, and as an extensive ship builder of vessels of the largest 
class, either for prosecuting voyages to ports beyond the Cape of 
Good Hope, or for the carrying trade between New Orleans, Mobile, 
Charleston and Savannah, and those of England, France and Ireland. 

"In all his vast and complicated transactions he had acquired such 
an exalted reputation for integrity, such a faithful adherence to all 
those high principles on which the institutions of society are founded 
and depend for their stability, as to have secured that public confi- 
dence and respect which are the most precious rewards that man can 
hope to receive. 

"For benevolence and enlarged views of his duties as a patriot, a 
philanthropist and Christian, he merited and received the gratitude 
and commendation of all classes of his fellow citizens. His heart was 
never appealed to by the unfortunate or the distressed from sickness 
or poverty, without affording such an illustration of his deep sympathy 
for their afflictions, as that they went away with gratitude and joy. 
His private charities were as extensive as was his public munificence 
in whatever might tend to the advancement and prosperity of all 
branches of industry and the public welfare. 

" In the midst of his usefulness this excellent man has been suddenly 
stricken down by death ; but his afflicted family and mourning rela- 
tives have the soothing consolation that he left not only numerous 
personal friends, but a whole community who appreciated his worth 
and deplore his loss as one of the benefactors and ornaments of society. 
" His whole life presents an admirable example for youthful emula- 
tion ; for it discloses how much success and an honorable reputation 
depend upon individual virtues and exertion — that in fact advancement 
in all the pursuits of man, is almost exclusively the result of the con- 
ception, will, determination and untiring perseverance of each indi- 
vidual, and that reliance is to be reposed upon, and desired objects 
attained, by personal determined action, rather than all the other 
means of aid which can be afforded by the whole world besides. Thus 
it may be considered as an established law of the human race, that the 
chief if not the only elements for progression in the physical and in- 
tellectual condition of man, are truth, justice, fidelity, honor, and a 


firm reliance on the power, beneficence and mercy of God ; and the 
•is reward, here and hereafter, is the commendation and respect 
of mankind and eternal happiness beyond the sky. 

" His death was occasioned by an affection of the kidneys known 
as ' Bright's disease ' — named from its discoverer, who is said also 
to have died of it." lie is buried in Mt. Auburn Cemetery, near 

Mr. Oxnard was for many years the agent at New Orleans of the 
Lowell factories for the purchase of cotton. 

8. Mehitable, b. May 6, 1791 ; mar. her cousin William Oxnard, 

\ ov. 13, 1817. Living at Portland, Me., in 1869. She has 
had four sons and two daughters. 

9. Enoch, b. Jan. 28, 1793 ; died unmar. Lost in the Privateer 

Dash, which foundered at sea in the war 1812-15. 
10. Stephen Deblois, born April 11, 1795 ; mar. Anna Maria Gracie, 
Oct. 9, 1821 ; died at Portland, Me., May, 1836, leaving one 
son and five daughters. He was a Captain of merchantmen 
sailing out of Portland, for many years and up to his death, 
and his only son followed the same profession. 

The Grandchildren of Martha Preble and Thomas Oxnard. 

The children of Thomas Oxnard and Clarice De Grand 
(All born at Marseilles, France) : — 

1. Thomas, b. July 3, 1811 ; m. at New Orleans to Louisa Adeline 
Brown, Feb. 2:;. is:j'.). Was several years a sugar planter 
ID Louisiana, and established and was the original proprietor 
of the Oxnard Sugar Refinery, 103 Purchase Street, Boston. 
Restdirfg (1869) at lol Lexington Avenue, New York. Has 
fmir mmis and three daughters. 

Henry Alexander) b. Aug. 11, 1812; in. at Leghorn, Italy, to 
Marie Olaire Bartolomei, Feb; 28, L$36. Residing at Mar- 
ietta i 869 Has three daughters. 

Penny, b. Oct., 1818; m. Diego Guerrero', ofAdra, Province of 
Minna. Spain, .Ian. '.'. |s:5G, where she was living a widow 

in 1869, witlmnt children. 
4. Edward; b. April 16, 1822; or. at New Orleans to Palmyra 
wn, Jan. 17, L 846, and riving at Pittsburg in 1869. 
Hi three torn and ■ daughter. 

John ■' Jan. l B, i v _7. 


The children of Martha and Edward Oxnard : — 

1. Mary Amory, b. April 5, 1820 ; living in Portland, unmar., 1869. 

2. Charles, born June 29, 1822 ; living in Portland, unmar., 1869. 

3. Osborn, born June 11, 1824; living in New York, unmar., 1869. 

Prof, of music. 

4. Martha Ann, b. Dec. 12, 1825 ; living in Portland, unmar., 1869. 

5. Edward Preble, born Oct. 29, 1829 ; m. Sarah I. Warren, dau. 

of G-eo. Warren, Esq., of Portland, 1855. Has had two sons 
and three daughters. One of the sons died an infant. Living 
in New York, 1869. 

The children of Mehitable and William Oxnard : — 

1. Clarice, born 1819; died, unmar., 1835. 

2. Henry, " 1820 ; died, unmar., 1854. 

3. William, " 1822 ; died, unmar., 1866. 

4. Mary, " 1824; died, unmar., 1835. 

5. Frederic, " 1829. Is m. and is a Trin. Cong, minister in Ver- 

mont, 1869. 

6. Clarence, born March 21, 1834 ; unmar. and living in Portland, 


The children of Henry Oxnard and Charlotte Farnham : — 

1. Charlotte, b. May 11, 1821 ; d. unmar., Sept. 7, 1847. 

2. Henry Preble, b. Sept. 27, 1822 ; d. unmar., June 26, 1856. 

3. George D., b. Feb. 11, 1824 ; d. an infant, Oct. 26, 1826. 

4. George»D., b. Aug. 12, 1827; m. Caroline Adams ; living in 

Boston, Mass., 1869. 

5. Horace, b. April 20, 1832 ; d. an infant, Sept. 1, 1835. 

The children of Stephen D. Oxnard and Anna M. Gracie : — 

1. Elizabeth Grace, b. Nov. 24, 1822; unmar., living in Portland, 


2. Stephen Deblois, born Dec. 25, 1823; died, unmarried, 1840. 

3. Harriet C, born May 27, 1827 ; mar. Arthur Noble ; living at 

Portland, and has two children. 

4. Anna Maria, b. August 10, 1829 ; unmar., living in Portland, 


5. Martha Preble, b. Sept. 9, 1833 ; unmar., living in Portland, 


6. Mary Clarice, born April 15, 1835 ; mar. Chas. H. Shaw, of 

Portland ; died in 1858, leaving two children. 


The Great-Grandchildren of Martha Preble and Thomas Oxnard. 

The children of Thomas Oxnard and Louise Adeline Brown : — 

1. Louise Fanny, b. in the Parish of Jefferson, La., March 11, 1840 ; 

m. Richard Tucker Sprague at Marseilles, Aug. 8, 1860. Mr. 
Sprague is the son of Horatio Sprague, who was for many 
years U. S. Consul at Gibraltar, and was born at the Consul- 
ate, lie is now (18G9) a merchant in Boston, and has two 
sons and two daughters, all born in Boston, viz. : — 1. Richard 
Homer, b. April 11, 1862. 2. Louise Victorine, b. Oct. 10, 
1863. 3. Fanny Alice, b. Nov. 27, 1865. 4. Horatio, b. 
July 28, 1868. 

2. Marie Alice, b. in New Orleans, Feb. 19, 1844. 

3. Marie Diane, b. Aug. 1, 1851. 

4. Robert, b. Oct. 9, 1853. 

5. Benjamin Alexander, b. Pec. 10, 1855. 

6. Henry Thomas, b. June 22, 1860. 

7. James Guerrero, b. Aug. 27, 1861. 

The children of Henry Alexander Oxnard and Marie Claire 
(All born in Marseilles) : — 

1. Paulina Fanny, b. Aug. 11, 1838. 

2. Marie Angele Isaure, b. July 7, 1839. 

3. Marie Angele, b. Jan. 14, 1845. 

The children of Edward Oxnard and Palmyre Marie Brown 

1. Adriene Amelie, b. in Buffalo, 19, 1846. 

2. Albert William, b. in New Orleans, Oct. 9, IS 47. 

8. Matilda Jeanne, b. in New Orleans, March 26, 1852. 
4. Phillipo Claire, b. in Marseilles, May 2, 1858. 
. r >. George Camille, b. in Marseilles, Nov. 19, 1859. 
This family is now (1869) living at Pittsburg, Pa. 

The children of Edward Preble Oxnard and Sarah I. Warren 
(All born in Portland) : — 
1 Mice Aiimry, 1). 
'J. Chattel Osborn, b. ; d. an infant. 

I iimv, 1>. 

I Ellen, b. 

. r >. Barneai EEeniy, b. 

The Children <>f Harriet C. Oxnard and ABTBUB Noble :— 
l . Clarence, l>. 

The child* I \i in Olawoi Oxkabd and Chablh II. Shat? 
I Mary, b. 

tephen Oxnard. b 


The Eldest Son of the Second Marriage. 1151 — 1811. 
And his Descendants to 1869. 

fl,(t~*sy?M? r n* &6^&-J the eldest son and second child of Jedi- 

diah Preble and Mehitable Bangs, was 
born at Falmouth, Me., August 15, 1151. 
He was four times married, viz. : 

1st, by Rev. Thomas Browne, to Dorcas, Oct. 1, 1181, who died 
Feb. 20, 1184, aged 25 ; dau. of Enoch Ilsley, of Falmouth. 

2d, to Mary Derby, June 9, 1185, who died March 15, 1194, aged 

3d, to Elizabeth Derby, July 2, 1195, who died Jan. 1199, aged 30.* 

4th, to Abigail Torrey, who died in 1809. 

His first and second wives are buried in the Eastern Cemetery on 
Munjoy's Hill, at Portland. 

He survived his last wife eight years, and died at Richmond, Va., 
of consumption, April 19, 1811, aged 59 years 8 months. 

He was one year a Selectman of the town of Falmouth, and in 1186 
was one of the petitioners for the separation of Falmouth Neck from 
the other part of Falmouth, and was chosen an Assessor at the first 
meeting of the inhabitants of the new town of Portland. 

He was well known as one of the most distinguished merchants in 
New England, and for his laudable exertions to promote intelligence 
in all the branches of moral industry, by liberal contributions to the 
funds of the Massachusetts Association, which was expressly estab- 
lished for that purpose, and by his personal experiments as a farmer 
and horticulturist at Watertown, on his estate, since owned and 
embellished by Mr. Cushing. 

At the time of his death he was on his return from South Carolina, 
where he had spent the winter on account of the delicate state of his 

His name is not perpetuated in any male descendant, all of his sons 
dyiug young and unmarried ; and his line is continued solely through 
his daughter Caroline, who married Captain, afterwards Rear Admiral 
Wormeley, of the Royal Navy. 

* Daughters of Richard Derby. See p. 116 Hist. Coll. Essex Institute, Vol. iii. No. 4, 
1861, for the parentage of Mary and Elizabeth Derby. 


The Children of Eben Preble. 
1. Eben Ilsley, the eldest son of Ebon Preble aud Dorcas Ilsley, 
was born July 15, 1782, and died at Nisraes, near Montpe- 
lier, in France, June 23, 1802, a few years before arriving at 
the age of twenty years. lie was a most interesting and 
promising young man. The manner of his death is related 
by his uncle Ilcnry, in a letter addressed to his uncle 
Enoch, then in France. 

" Nismes (near Montpelier), June 24, 1802. 
"Dear Brother : 

" I wrote you a few lines from Marseilles, informing you of the 
dangerous state in which Eben was. I have now to give you the 
dreadful news of the death of that excellent young man. He died 
yesterday morning, and will be interred this evening in the Protestant 
burying ground. I hope 3 r ou will take the proper method to give his 
father these sorrowful tidings, and perhaps he will expect the worst 
of oews. Finding that he was decaying very fast, I advised him to 
remain at Marseilles, but he would not consent to it, and insisted on 
going to Montpelier. He had not the smallest idea he was so near 
his end, and as is always the case in this disorder, flattered himself 
to tin; last moment, and died like an extinguished candle that lightens 
up before it goes out. I have paid the greatest attention to him, not 
Only because it was my duty so to do, but had I no other tie, the high 
value I set on him as a friend and a pattern for young men, would 

have been sufficient motives to have induced me to make his road to 
the grave as smooth and easy as possible. I had for the last three 
months given him ever, and the Doctor at Naples, on his first coining 
«ui shore, pronounced him in a dangerous way. At Leghorn the phy- 
sicians told me Ik* could not live more than a month or two in bis 
opinion, but thai it was possible the air of Montpelier might lengthen 
out his days for some time longer! At .Marseilles the Bame opinion 

iv.-n, and when we left that place 1 bad not a doubt but that 
be would reach Montpelier; but the symptoms of an approaching 
end ii; I thOQghl it my duty to stop against his will, for he 

1 me that be had strength enough to proceed on. even //re 

mtntt/et before his death, [did not suppose him so near his end. as 
the physician told me his poise was Btrong; and that he would pro- 
bably survive ten or eightoen days longer. 

" My Ii i lis h ive n oived a dreadful shock in his loss, nor did 1 
conceive it possible for the death of any person to have given me Buch 
n ii regret and affliction. 

\ M § 


" I can write no more at present. My next shall finish the tale of 
woe. I shall write to-morrow to Mr. Kirkland ; perhaps he will be 
the proper person to inform Eben's father of his death. On reflec- 
tion, I think you had better write Mr. K. and give him a copy of this 

Your affectionate brother, 

Henry Preble. 

" P. S. Since writing the above, I have written Capt. Silsbie, de- 
siring him to take the proper means of giving our brother the news." 

2. Mary, born at Newport, R. I., July 9, 1786 ; mar. Nathaniel 
Amory ; d, Aug. 14, 1865, surviving her husband (who died 
in 1842) twenty-three years, and leaving no children. 

Nathaniel Amory, the husband of Mary Preble, was the eighth 
child of Thomas Amory and Elizabeth Coffin. lie was born in 1111 , 
.and was, at one time, in business at New Orleans with Messrs. Nott & 
Callender. After his marriage, he long resided with his father-in-law 
at the beautiful estate owned by him in Watertown, and which after 
his death was purchased and improved by the. late John P. dishing, 
Esq. He was appointed Navy Agent at Pensacola, under the admin- 
istration of John Quincy Adams, but' passed the last years of his life 
at Newport, R. I., and died at' Boston, Mas's.* 

* Jonathan Amory, the ancestor who first came to America, established himself in South 
Carolina about 1685. He was born in the County of Somerset, England, not far from the 
year 1640. His father owned the estate of St. Anns, and other lands in that County, which 
in the next century vested in his descendants in this countiy, but too heavily encumbered 
to be of any value. The family is supposed to be a branch of the Montfort L'Amaury of 
France. (For the genealogy of the Amory family, see His. and Gen. Register, Jan. 1856.) 

Lower, in his Dictionary of Family Names, says the name of Amory is derived " from the 
personal name Emeric, or Americus, equivalent to the Italian Amerigo, latinized Americas, 
whence the name of the great western continent. It seems to have undergone the follow- 
ing changes: Emeric, Emery, Amery, Amory, Ammory, and in Domesdaj^, Haime'rieus. 
It is asserted, however, that the family of D'Amcry came to England with the Conqueror 
from Tours." 

Thomas Amory, son of Jonathan, born in Limerick, Ireland, in 1682, where his father 
was then residing, accompanied his father to S. Carolina, but was educated in England, and 
engaged in business at London and elsewhere abroad, and was Dutch and English Consul 
at the Azores. In 1719 he returned to Boston, where he married Miss Rebecca Holmes, 
May, 1721. ' He bought lands at the south end of Boston, built a house and wharves, hired 
a counting-house of his friend Governor Belcher on Long wharf, engaged in commerce with 
the Azores, England, and the Carolinas, and died in 1728. His widow died in Boston, aged 
70, in 1770. 

Thomas, son of the foregoing, was born April 22, 1722, graduated at Harvard Coll. 1741, 
and studied divinity, but never took. orders. As eldest son he inherited a double share of 
his father's estate. In 1765, he married Elizabeth, dau. of William Coffin, and purchased 
the house built by Gov. Belcher at the corner of Harvard and Washington Sts., the gardens 
of which extended to the water, and resided there until his death in 1781. The house built 
by Gov. Belcher was burnt in the great fire of 1790. 

Nathaniel Amory, the husband of Mary Preble, was his son. 


Mrs. Amory was a lady of surpassing intelligence and amiability ^ 
literary in her tastes and associates, though never herself an author, 
and was mourned by a very large circle . of friends, to whom, as 
" Aunt Nat," she was known and endeared. 

3. Charles, b. Feb. 1, 1788 ; d. unm. March 29, 1794. 

4. Eliza Derby, b. April 8, 1796 ; d. young and left no children. 

6. Charles, b. April 29, 1797 ; d. unm. — drowned by the capsiz- 
ing of a brig in the Straits of Sunda, E. Indies. 

6. Caroline, b. May 11, 1798 ; mar. Capt. Ralph Randolph Worme- 
ley, Royal Navy, who died at Newport, R. I., where his 
widow is living in 1869. The issue of this marriage was one 
son, James Preble, who died in 1851, and three daughters, 
who are (1869) living. 

I am indebted to Byrne's Naval Biography of the Royal Navy 
I'M- the following account of Capt. Wormeley : — 

" Beat Admiral Ralph Randolph Wormeley, Royal Navy, was born 
Oct. 29, 1785, in Virginia, where his family, both on his father's 
and his mother's side, had been seated since the period nearly at 
which that Colony was established. Ilis maternal grandfather, Sir 
John Randolph, was Attorney General at the commencement of the 
War of Independence, and was under the necessity of fleeing to Eng- 
land, with the Ins-; of a fine estate of which he and his ancestors had 
1 n in possession for one hundred and fifty years. One of his mo- 
ther's brothers was Edmund Randolph, the Secretary of the first Con- 
Bishops Porteusand Randolph, of the see of London, were also 
ne ir relatives, and he had an uncle of his own name who served with 
distinction in the southern campaign as Captain of one of the loyal 
A merican corps. 

Be ir Admiral Wormeley entered the navy Oct. 30, 1799, as midship* 
in an on board the London 98, in which ship and the Royal George 
100, both commanded by Admiral John Child Parvis, he served in the 
Channel until March, L801. He was afterwards, until promoted Lieut., 
-'J. 1806, employed on the Home, Newfoundland and Cadis sta- 
tions, part of the time as master's mate in the Magicienne 82, Aurora 
28, Dn idnoughl 98, Prinoe of Wales 98, the last the (lag ship of 
Bii Robert ("alder. While in her he saw 52 sail of the line formed in 
columns off Dnhant, and with twenty of those Bhips, was de- 
tached in pursuit "i the French Fleet under admiral Villeneuve, and 
• ded in reaching Cadi/, in lime to re-iuforce Admiral Collingwood 
ire the battle of Trafalgar. 

Lfter cruising for a ehorl time in the Downs, in the Otter Sloop, 
Mr. Wormeley wai appointed, in June, ism;, Flag Lieut, to Rear Ad- 
i lira] Purvis, with whom fexcentin* about 8ve months when he Md 


leave of absence in 1807 and 8 on account of his ill health) he con. 
tinued employed off Cadiz in the Minatour 74, Queen 98, Atlas 74, and 
Terrible 74, until Nov. 22, 1809, when he was nominated acting Com- 
mander of the Minstrel 18, in the Mediterranean. 

While in the Atlas, that ship was for 6, 8, 10 and 12 months at a 
time off Cadiz without letting go an anchor. On one occasion, when 
the French army was rapidly advancing upon Cadiz, Mr. Wormeley 
was sent with 350 men to the Carracas to rig and rescue from their 
grasp five Spanish ships of the line. This service he accomplished 
in three weeks, and for his exertions he received the thanks of Lord 

Feb. 10, 1810, he was confirmed a Commander in the Minorca 18-, 
in which he remained upwards of four years. In the winter of 1813-14 
he escorted in safety from Malta to Gibraltar, although harassed for 
three days by the presence of a French privateer, a convoy of eighteen 
sail, one of the richest that had ever left the above island ; another 
convoy, which had left a month earlier, reached Gibraltar on the same 
day only. 

June 4, 1810, he captured the Privateer San Peur, a felucca priva- 
teer of one long gun, 2 swivels and 39 men. He paid the Minorca off 
in May, 1814, and was advanced to Post rank, June 7, 1814, and 
though a constant applicant for sea service was never^ afterwards 

He was advanced to the rank. of Rear Admiral in 18 — , and died at 
Newport, R. I. Rear Admiral Sir Chas. Napier said to the compiler of 
these memoirs, in 1851, that it was not Admiral W.'s fault, but the 
government's, that he had not been actively employed in the later 
years of his service. It is only through his descendants that the line 
of Eben Preble is continued. 

The Wormeleys can be traced without difficulty to 1312, in York- 
shire, England, and the name is found in all the early annals of Vir- 
ginia. The Admiral's children were the first born out of that State 
in near 200 years. 

Grandchildren of Eben Preble. 

The children of Caroline Preble and Ralph Randolph Wormeley : 

1. Elizabeth, born July 26, 1822 ; mar. Randolph Latimer, of Balti- 
more, and has three children, viz. two sons and one daughter. 
Mrs. Latimer, before her marriage, was a contributer to the Edin- 
burgh Review and other English periodicals, and the author of two 
novels, entitled "Amabel, a Family History;" and "Our Cousin 


Veronica." She was also, several years before our war of Emancipa- 
tion, the means of rescuing from slavery several negroes on the old 
family estates in Virginia, obtaining subscriptions, and purchasing 
their freedom from their owners. 

2. James Preble, born March 27, 1825 ; died unmarried, at the New 

York Hotel, January 10, 1851, aged 25. 
He was educated as a civil engineer under the direction of the cele- 
brated Mr. Brunei, and was esteemed by him a young man of talent 
and capacity. He had been recently engaged as engineer on the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and but a short time previous to his de- 
cease received an appointment as Chief Engineer of the Syracuse 
Railroad, New York, which he accepted, but which his failing health 
obliged him to resign. He was born on his grandfather's estate, near 
"VVatertown, and his remains are entombed in the family vault under 
Trinity Church, Boston. 

3. Kalherine Prescoit, born January 14, 1830. Living with her 

mother at Newport, R. I., 1869. 

This lady was one of the Florence Nightingales of our late war, and 
one of the most enthusiastic and strongest supporters of the Sanitary 
Commission. Among the many of our countrywomen who were active 
and ardent in the soldiers' cause, there were but few who devoted 
themselves with more earnestness or greater ability, and few who en- 
tered into a greater variety of details in the prosecution of the work. 
Miss Wormeley was one of the earliest to engage in the work of pro- 
curing supplies and aid for the volunteer soldiery. The work began in 
Newport early in July, 1861. The first meeting was held informally at 
the house of Miss W.'s mother. An organization was obtained, rooms 
loaned for the purpose secured, and about $2000 subscribed. The 
Society, under the name of the " Woman's Union Aid Society," im- 
mediately commenced work with vigor, and shortly forwarded to the 
Sanitary Commission at Washington their first cases of clothing and 
supplies. Miss Wormeley remained at the head of this Society until 
April, 1S02. It was kept in funds by private gifts, and by the united 
efforts of all the churches of Newport, and'the U. S. Naval Academy, 
which was removed from Annapolis, Bid. to Newport, in the spring of 

During the summer of 1861, several ladies (summer residents of 
Newport) wen- in the habit of sending many poor women to Miss 
Wormeley, with the request thai she would furnish them with steady 
employment upon hospital clothing, the ladies paying for the work. 
The poor women thus benefited felt the Loss of their absence severely, 
when it occurred to .Miss W, that the outfitting of a great army must 
furnish much suitable work for them, could it he reached. 


She accordingly wrote to Quartermaster General Meigs at Wash, 
ington, who referred her to the Department Quartermaster General, 
Col. D. H. Vinton, IT. S. A., Office of Army Clothing and Equipage, 
New York. Col. Vinton replied in the kindest manner, stating the 
difficulties of such an undertaking, but expressing his willingness to 
give Miss Wormeley a contract if she thought she could surmount 

Miss Wormeley's courage was equal to the attempt, and she suc- 
ceeded far more easily than she expected in carrying out her plans. 
She engaged rooms at alow rent, and found plenty of volunteer assist- 
ance on all sides. Ladies labored unweariedly in cutting and dis- 
tributing the work to applicants. Gentlemen packed the cases and 
attended to the shipments. During the winter of 1861-2 about 50,000 
army shirts were thus made, not one of which was returned as imper- 
fect, and she was thus enabled to circulate in about one hundred fami- 
lies a sum equal to six thousand dollars, which helped them well 
through the winter. 

During all this time the work of the Woman's Union Aid Society 
was also carried on in Miss Wormeley's rooms, and a large numbei 
of cases were packed and forwarded thence under Miss W.'s superin- 
tendence to New York, or directly to Washington. Though an 
associate manager of the New England Woman's branch of the Sani- 
tary Commission, she preferred this transmission as a saving both of 
time and expense. 

The Society was earnest and indefatigable in its exertions, acting 
always with great promptness and energy under the direction of Miss 
Wormeley. On one occasion a telegraphic message from Washing- 
ton brought at night an urgent call for a supply of bed-sacks. Early 
in the morning all the material in Newport was bought up, as many 
sewing machines as possible obtained, and seventy-five bed-sacks fin- 
ished and sent off that day, and as many more the following day. 

Miss Wormeley was just closing up her contract, when in April, 
1862, the " Hospital Transport Service " was organized, principally 
by the efforts of Mr. F. L. Olmstead, the General Secretary of the Sani- 
tary Commission. The sudden transfer of the scene of active war 
from the high grounds bordering the Potomac to a low and swampy 
region, intersected by a network of creeks and rivers, made necessa- 
ry appliances for the care of the sick and wounded, which the Govern- 
ment was not at that time prepared to furnish. Hence certain large 
steamers chartered but then unemployed by Government, were trans- 
ferred to the Sanitary Commission, to be fitted up as Hospital Trans- 
ports for the reception and conveyance of the sick and wounded. 

Miss Wormeley was one of the first to become connected with this 
branch of the service, and proceeded at once to her field of duty. She 


remained in tin's employment until August of the same year, and pass- 
ed through all the horrors of the Peninsula campaign. By this of 
course is not to be understood the battles, or the army movements, but 
the reception, washing, feeding, and ministering to the sick and wound- 
ed — scenes which are too full of horror for the tongue to tell or pen to 
describe, but which must always remain indelibly impressed upon the 
minds and hearts of those who were actors in them. 

Active, and endowed with extraordinary executive ability, Miss 
Wormeley was distinguisned for her great usefulness during this time 
of fierce trial, when the malaria of the Chickahominy swamps was 
prostrating its thousands of brave men, and the battles of Williams- 
burg, White House and Fair Oaks, and the disastrous retreat to Har- 
rison's Landing, were marked by an almost unexampled carnage. 

While the necessity of exertion continued, Miss Wormeley and her 
assistants bore up bravely ; but no sooner was this ended, than nearly 
all succumbed to lever, or the exhaustion of excessive and protracted 
fatigue. Nevertheless, within a few clays after Miss W. 7 s return home, 
the Surgeon-General, passing through Newport, called upon and per- 
sonally solicited her to take charge of the Woman's Department of the 
Lowell General Hospital, then being organized at Portsmouth Grove, 
R. I. After a brief hesitation on account of her health, Miss W. 
assented, and on the 1st" of September, 1862, assumed charge of the 
Hospital, and was officially called " The Laihj Superintendent." ner 
duties were general ; they consisted less of actual nursing, than the 
organization and superintendence of her department. Under her 
charge were the female nurses, the diet kitchens, and special diet, the 
linen department and the laundry, where she had a steam washing 
machine, capable of washing and mangling four thousand pieces a day. 

The Hospital had beds for two thousand five hundred patients. 
Miss Wormeley was assisted by four female friends, who wore her 
assistant superintendents. Each of these had charge of seven wards, 
and were responsible to the surgeons for the nursing and diet of the 
sick men. 

She remained at Portsmouth (irove a little more than a year, carry- 
ing on the arrangements of her department with great ability and 
perfect success. On holidays, through the influence of herself ami 

her assistants, the inmates received ample donations for the feasts 

appropriate to the occasions, and at all times liberal gilts of books, 

games, &0. for their instruction and entertainment. But in Septem- 
ber, 1868, partly from family reasons and partly because her health 
- way, she was forced to resign and return home. 

Prom that time her labors in the hospitals cease,]. Bui in the fol- 
lowing December, al the suggestion of .Mr. ami .Mrs. Geo. Ticknor, 

1 B -tun, ami of Other friends, Bhe prepared for the Boston Saiutary 


Fair a vol mne entitled, "The TJnited States Sanitary Commission ; 
a Sketch of its Purposes and its Work." This book, owing to una- 
voidable hindrances, was commenced so late that but eleven days 
were allowed for its completion. But with her accustomed en- 
ergy Miss W. commenced and finished the book within the specified 
time, without other assistance than that volunteered by friends in 
copying papers. Graceful in style, direct in detail, plain in statement, 
and logical in argument, it shows, however, no traces of hasty writ- 
ing. It met with great and deserved success, and netted some hun- 
dreds of dollars to the Fair. 

Miss Wormeley attributed much of the success of her work in all 
the departments to the liberality of her friends. During the war she 
received from the community of Newport alone over $17,000, besides 
large donations of brandy, wine, flannel, &c. for the Commission and 
Hospital use. The Newport Aid Society, which she assisted in or- 
ganizing, worked well and faithfully to the end, and rendered valua- 
ble services to the Sanitary Commission, and she was enabled at all 
times to add largely to its funds. After the completion of her book, 
her health did not permit her engaging in active work.* 

4. Ariana Randolph, born Oct. 14, 1834; married Daniel-Sargent 
Curtis, of Brookline, Mass., and has two sons (1869). 

She is the author of " The Spirit of 16," "A Change of Base," 
" Doct. Mondachin/' and other parlor plays — which are playful and 
witty hits at the follies of the times. The " Spirit of "16," a take-off 
on the subject of women's rights, was brought out at Selwyn's 
Theatre in Boston, with great success, in 1868, and has been perform- 
ed by amateurs at fairs and in parlors, all over the country, from 
Maine to California. 

Great-Grandchildren of Eben Preble and Elizabeth Derby. 

The children of Mary; Elizabeth Wormeley and Randolph Latimer : 

1. Caroline. b. at Baltimore. 

2. Ralph Randolph, b. 

3. James Brandt. b. " 

The children of Ariana Randolph Wormeley and Daniel-Sargent 

Curtis : 

1. Ralph Wormeley. 

2. Osborne Sargent. 

* The sketch of Miss Wonueley's work during the war of 1861-64, is abridged from 
" Woman's Work in the Civil War : a Record of Heroism, Patriotism and Devotion. 
By L. P. Brickett, M.D., and Mrs. Mary C. Vaughan. Published by Zeigler, McCurdy & 
Co., Philadelphia "—in which other notices of her may be found. 


Secoxd Son and tiiird Child of the Second Marriage. 
Joshca Preble, the third child of Jedidiah Preble and Mehitable 
Bangs, was b. at Falmouth, Maine, Nov. 28, 1759 ; m. Hannah Cross, 
of Xewburyport, 1783; d. Nov. 4, 1803, aged 43 years 11 months 
and 7 days. His widow died 1822, aged 59 years. He had two chil- 
dren who lived to maturity.* 

* His son, Joshua Preble, Jr. married and had children ; but nothing certain is known 
of him or of his family, excepting that at one time he was living in Virginia, and it is 
believed resided at Norfolk. 

There was an Enward Preble, a Midshipman in the TJ. S. Navy from 1817 to 1822, who 
may possibly have been his son. This Edward, it appears from the files of the Navy De- 
partment, was appointed a Midshipman Jan. 1.1817, and his warrant was delivered to Capt. 
J. D. Henley, Feb. 1, 1817. June 28, 1817, he was ordered to Norfolk for duty on board the 
Sch o on er Nonsuch, and his orders were addressed to Barn Elms, Middlesex Co., Va. Aug. 
17, 1821, he was ordered to the Franklin 74, and was drowned in Valparaiso Bay, March 20, 
182*2. This is all chat the official record shows. In 183-5, when the writer was a Midshipman 
on board the Frigate United States, in the Mediterranean, there was an old sailor attached to 
her, who was with him on board the Franklin in 1822, and spoke of him with respect and 
affection, paid he was a tine officer, and that it was thought on board that he was the nephew 
of Com. Edward Preble. On the Navy Register of. 1818 he appears attached to the Sch. 
Hornet ; on that of 1819, to the " Congress." The Registers of 1820 and '21 do not contain 
his name, but in that of 1822 he is registered as bom in Maine, and attached to the Frank- 
lin 71. 

us of obtaining his birth, parentage, &c, I addressed letters of inquiry to al! the 
surviving officers of the Franklin, and received the following answers, which I extract 
to show the difficulty and trouble of tracing a doubtful point of a genealogical history. 

Rear Admiral Charles Stewart, Senior Flag officer of the U. S. Navy, who has recently 
deceased, and whom I first addressed, replied as follows : 

_, _ Bordextowx,N. J., Dec. 7. 1868. 

Geo. IIi.nhy PaBBLB, Capt U S. N. : 

Dbah Bra,— i have received your letter of the 10th inst., which has revived one of 
me most painful events which occurred during my naval life— the LOSS of SO many valuable 
young officers. 

It i> not in my power to give you any certain information in regard to Edward Preble's 
p i renin w luit I was under the impression he was the Bon of Mr. l'rel.le, merchant in I 
ion, wnoi understood was a brother of Commo. Preble.* In the Register of 18221 find him 
appo nte.l a Mi, In 1817 In.,,, Maine. I enclose yon a copy of niv letter to the Dept. in 
which i report their lns S . i regret 1 am not able to give yen any further Information on 
tlie subject, and remain \ ,. respectfully, 

Your Obed'l Servant, 


Sln . U. S. Siur, Vai.i-au.uso, March 2.1, 1S22. 

_„,*", * Wl "' '" id epest pain and regie) I have to announce to you the severe Ton r"^: 1 ";" 1 hv ""• oversetting of one of this ship's boats m the sun near Con- 
.'.'.,. mi> ' ftn< '! ol y occurrence took place on the afternoon of the L9tb Inst, and de- 
,"',:' 'o'lowiiia promising and valuable officers, who perished <>n the 
K I ,!,■"',',' 'i . )■ '"'• ■'-''' M "' ■''<'• '■• Dupay, Midns. Edward Preble, Et B. Coffin, 
ll. .Marsh M and J. Creamer, and ord. seamen Reed ami smith. 

.„,. ' """ '! ,|l : ,m '"- 1 "" 1 talent and merit, added to their estimable characters 

anl '' r deplored by every person on board this ship. • • • 

H nMiTinnip,,,,.""""'" r "' '"' ^ fca CHARLES STEWART. 

M . -I Boston, bad no son Bdwa i. Sec rr . 1.52-154. o. n. r. 




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The children of Joshua Preble and Hannah Cross. 

1. , b. April, 1784 ; d. Nov. 31, 1786, aged 2f years. 

2. Statira, b. 1785 ; m. William Moulton, jeweller, of Newbury" 

port, 1826 (his second wife), who died, leaving her a child- 
less widow. She was living on High Street, Newburyport, 
in 1869. 

3. Joshua, b. 1787. 

Rear Admiral L. M. Goldsborough wrote me: "Edward Preble was a Midn.- on board 
the Franklin when she sailed from home for the Pacific in 1820 or '21. He was both a 
messmate and watchmatc of mine. He. was on board the Congress Frigate, Capt. Henley, 
during her cruise to the East Indies. My impression is that he was from the State of Maine, 
and that he was a nephew of the famous Commodore Preble. Such certainly was the gen- 
eral belief on board the Franklin. He was drowned in the 1st cutter of the Franklin at 
Quintara, some twenty miles from Valparaiso, about March, 1822. One the same occasion 
a number of other officers perished with him. The boat was tilled with officers, and the 
only one saved was Midn. R. R. Pinkham. Quintara was the name of the estate of Lord 
Cochrane — the estate given to him by the Republic of Chili, and the officers who were lost, 
on the occasion in view, had been invited by his Lordship to visit his place to shoot ducks. 
When poor Preble's body was found on the beach, it was only to he identified by a mark 
on a remnant of nankin pantaloons. I superintended the interment of all the bodies lost 
in the Franklin's 1st cutter, and they were from necessity placed in one grave on the shore 
at Quintara. All were much mutilated by the surf and by fishes." 

Rear Admiral Theodore Bailey wrote me : " * * I remember Mid. Edward Preble, 
He was the most intimate friend I had on the Franklin 74 in 1821 and 1822. He was drown- 
ed by the upsetting of a boat in the surf whilst on a gunning excursion to a neighboring 
bay several miles north of Valparaiso. * * * I do not recollect his conversing about 
his family connections. He was understood to be either a son, or closely connected with 
Commodore Edward Preble, of glorious memory." 

Rear Admiral Charles Wilkes wrote : " I was a shipmate of Mid. Preble at the time, but 
I only know he was from Maine. It is very possible you may find a sermon preached by 
the Chaplain of the Franklin at that time [Nath'l Andrews, born in Eng. g.h.p." 1 , in which 
he spoke of the several officers who were Lost at the same time, and I believe if was after- 
wards published in the United States, in which he gave a short biography of each of the 
officers lost. * * * Midn. Pinkham and one of the men were the only ones saved out 
of eleven persons." 

Commodore H. Purviance wrote : "lam sorry I cannot give you the desired informa- 
tion. * * * It was generally understood by his shipmates that Edward Preble was the 
grandson of the gallant old Commodore Preble, who was one of the founders of the navy." 

Commodore Henry Adams, since dead, wrote : That he remembered Mid. Preble and 
his being drowned perfectly well, but he could give no particulars concerning his family or 
the names of his parents. 

Commodore John Pope, who is also a native of Maine, after giving an account of the acci- 
dent which caused his death, wrote: " My impression is that yonng Preble claimed to be 
a, cousin of the Commodore, and hailed from some town eastward of Portland — but I may 
be mistaken, as it was a long time ago." 

Chaplain John Lee Watson, U. S. N., informs me that he remembers Mid. Preble very 
well about 1S18. He was then visiting around in Boston, and seemed to pride himself on 
his relationship to Com. Preble. He has the impression that young Preble was considered 
a nephew of the Commodore. 

Mrs. Statira Moulton, the surviving daughter of Joshua Preble, Sen., writes me that she 
has no knowledge of young Preble who was lost in the Franklin. Unless the son of 
her brother Joshua, he could not have been the nephew of Com. Edward, and he could 
not have been his son or grandson, as the Commodore's only son was an infant at his death. 
It is quite probable, therefore, that he was a cousin or second cousin from the Eastern 
part of Maine. 

The New York papers, the Boston Ccntinel of July 10, 1822, and the Essex Register, of 
Salem, contain accounts of the accident, and the Ccn.inal says. •' The native place of Mid- 
shipman Preble was Maine, and we believe he was a nephew of Commodore P." 

1 have no record of any Edward Preble torn about 1800, who died unmarried, or any 
where near the time of this E. P.'s decease. 


Tiiikd Sox by the Second Marriage. 1161 — 1807. 
And ma Descendants to 1869. 

Edward Preble,* third son of* Brig.-Gen. Jedidiah Preble and Mehit- 
able Bangs, was born in that part of Falmouth now embraced within 
the limits of the city of Portland, Maine, Aug. 15, 1761. He was 
married by the Rev. Samuel Deane, D.D., to Mary, daughter of Na- 
thaniel Deeringif of Portland, March 17, 1801 (who surviving him, 

* This brief biography of Commodore Preble is chiefly abridgedfrom "The Life of 

Edward Preble, by Lorenzo Sabine, pub. in vol. xii. Sparks's Am. Biography, 18 16. g.h.p. 

t Nathaniel Deering, the father of Mrs. Commo. Preble, was horn in Kitten- , Me., June 

, .iml died in Portland, Sept 14, 1795, aged 56. The oldest son of fourteen children, 

hi- r.ither dying wheii be was eighteen years of age; it fell upon him to contribute to su]>- 

portthe numerous family. At the age of twenty- 1 Wo, with no capital but bis industry 

an I intelligence, hie travelled e \sl to better his condition, and after wandering still farther 

tiled in Falmouth, probably induced thereto by his mother's recent marriage to 

James Milk, of that town. At Falmouth he diligently pursued his occupation as 

a boat builder, at bis shop near the foot of Exchange Street. In October, 1704, at the age 

of twenty-five, he married Dorcas Milk, the second daughter of his step-father, and in 

1766 In- brother John married another daughter of the deacon. 

At tin- death of D a. MUJ* in 1772, he came into possession of a considerable estate, em- 
bracing a large portion of the eastern side of Exchange Street, and other parcels of real 
rttlch .-till remain in the possession of his descendants. The first store started in 
Falmouth after its destruction in 177~> by Mowatt was opened by him. It was on a small 
Bcile, suited t<> th ■ depre • td circumstances of the town, and was attended principally by 
his wit'', »li i e Bhrowdn sss and goo 1 ra magement contributed not a little to augment the 
ice which she had brought her husband. After the war he extended bis business, 
entered into navigation, purchased large and valuable tracts of land, among which was 
seventy acres extending from Congress street to Back Cove. He erected buildings, and 
I in extending the pier or breast-work which had belonged to 
Milk, and disown boat-yard, into a spacious wharf, which from its extent took the 
Long Wli irf, and was fajp many year- the commercial centre of the port. 

Hii - a Id .i death, In the vigor of life, and in the midst of his large enterprises, was a 

i the community. 

When first married ho lived in a house which Bto'od on the river bank at the corner of 

■-, which then overlooked the harbor. He afterwards purchased 

Willi mi Owen's hon e, which stood on the Bpol Bince occupied by the Exchange Build- 

n 1839 and burnl In 1805, and the U. S. Custom House and Poat-Office, which 

I Are in 1886, being considered unsafe, and on which the new 

marble Poat-0 Bee i- now being ered id. Here he and his widow who survived him forty 

>oth lived and died. He lefl but two children : James, bora 23, 1786, who died 

181; BO 1 M ay, b. L770, Who married Com. Preble, and died May -i - ', 

■1 of Nathaniri, and brother of Mr-. Preble, m, AJmta, dan. of Enoch 

Whom In- had Nathaniel, a graduate ot Harvard Coll. in 1M0. and 

l ie late Thomas A. Deblois, and has nocbUdrea; another, 
Idren; and the youngest, who i. married Hon. 

NVm - ' has i left children. Mary and Harriet, 

utim ni. d, 'ire still living. 


mwm " ■ b. nr.s.s. 

;V«-^_i rJ&Mt, 


died May 26, 1851, aged 81 years), and died at Portland, Me., Aug. 
25, 180V, aged 46 years. 

Blessed with an athletic constitution and but little inclined to sed- 
entary amusements, the leisure hours of Edward Preble's youth were 
mostly devoted to hunting and other active exercises. In the use 
of the gun he acquired such skill that he once brought down five 
swallows singly, at successive shuts, on a wager. His father design- 
ing him for a professional life, sent him to hummer Academy to be 
fitted for College. Close application to study was not suited to 
his temperament, and the college project was abandoned, but he 
laid there the foundation for an education which enabled him to 
profit by his opportunities for the acquisition of knowledge after 

The mother of Nathaniel Deering, whose maiden name was Annie Dunn, died in 1769, 
at the age of 58, and his widow died March, 1835, at the age of 86.— Willis's Hist, of Port- 
land, 1st and 2d Edition ; and Deane and Smith's Journals. 

George Dering, Deering or Dearing, was an inhabitant of Scarborough, Me., 1645. Roger 
of Scarborough, probably a son of George, died 1676. He had a son Roger at Kittcrv, 
who returned an inventory June 26, 1676; amount, £136 7 3. He was probably the an- 
cestor of Nathaniel. There was also a Boston family of Deerings descended from Henry, 
b. Aug. 16, 1639. — Maine Hist. Col., vol. i. ; Savage's Gen. Register, vol. ii. 

Humphrey Deering was one of the sixteen soldiers comprising the garrison of Fort Mary, 
1699.— X. E. His, and Gen. Reg., vol. xii. pp. 258. 

Anderson, in his Genealogy of Surnames (1865), says many names have originated by 
adding " ing " to the father's name; "as Deering, a little dear ; or Dear, a man's name • 
also Darling, little deaf." 

Lower says : The source of the ancient family of Dering, or Deering (whence the affix 
of Surenden-Dering, Co. Kent) " appears to be that of De Morinis, who probably originat- 
ed in the territory of the Morine, in the N. E. of France. One of the early members, 
Deringus de M., seems to have stamped his baptismal appellative upon his descendants as 
a surname in the 12th century. (See Halstcad's Kent.) But it is to be remarked that there 
was in that county, prior to Doomsday, a tenant who bore the name of Derinc jilius Sired." 
— Patronymica Britannica, a Diet, of the Family Names of the United Kingdom, endeav- 
ored by Mark Antony Lower. 

The name of Dering, according to Dcbrett, is a very old Saxon one, and the first part of 
the family motto, " Terrere nolo, Timere nescic," has reference to the ancestral name 
Dicring, which signifies terror. A Diering appears to have witnessed a deed of gift to the 
Church in Rochester as far back as A.D. 880. 

Burke also says the name Dering is derived from the Saxon word signifying terror. The 
first Sir Edward Dering in England was created a Baronet, Feb. 1, 1626. 

The arms of three or four families of Dering are given in Burke's Enc. of Heraldry, and 
also in Berry's Enc. of Heraldry. 

Sir Edward Dering, Bart., was a celebrated Puritan. " The discourses of this excellent 
and celebrated man were published separately in 8vo., but Mere sometimes sold as a col- 
lection with a half title expressing The Workes of Maister Deling." (Xotes and Queries, 
3d Series, vols. 1 and 2.) He was of the Surrenden family. Vol. x., 3d Series, No. 2, con- 
tains some lines on his death. He died June 26, 1576. In 1641-42, Sir Edward Dering 
was expelled the House of Commons for the preface to the speeches against the Grand 
Remonstrance. He preached a sermon before the Queen's Majesty, 25 Feb. 1569, which 
was printed in London, 1578. There are several extracts from household books of Sir Ed- 
ward D., father and son, from 1619 to 1632, published in vol. i. 1st Series, Xotes and Queries. 


BChool 1 ks were abandoned, so that he attained the power of 

communicating his thoughts and opinions in a style correct, clear, 
comprehensive and forcible. While at school his native town was 
burnl by Mowatt. On leaving- school and put to work on the farm at 
Oapisic, to which his lather had removed after the burning of Falmouth, 
be Buddenly threw down his hoc, declaring he would do no more such 
work, and trudging afoot to Falmouth, entered at the age of sixteen 
on board of a privateer belonging to Newburyport, commanded by i 
Capt. William Friend. Tie had previously wished to go to sea, but] 
his lather had opposed his wish, and now hoped one voyage would cure ] 
him of his propensity. The privateer went to Europe, and on the re- 
turn passage he had a severe experience of the hardships of a sailor's I 
life, but lie was conspicuous for good conduct, and continued reso- ' 
lately bent on becoming a seaman. In 1779 his father procured I 
for him a midshipman's warrant in the Massachusetts State Marine, 
and he was appointed to the Massachusetts Ship Protector, 26 guns, I 
commanded by Capt. John Foster Williams, and thus commenced his 
in officer when seventeen and a half years old. The Protoc- 
ol sailed, and June, 177!», engaged off Newfoundland the Brit- 
tter of Marque, " Admiral Dull'," of 36 guns. The action was 
short, close and bard fought, and was terminated in about an hour by 
the Duff's taking fire and Mowing up.* Many of her crew jumped 
overboard, fifty of whom were saved by the boats of the Protector. 
The loss of the latter in killed and wounded was small, but a malig- 
nant fever Boon alter carried off a considerable part other crew. Sub- 
sequent to this action the Protector maintained a running light for time with the Thames, a :;l> gun frigate of superior force, and 
ing into port landed her prisoners and was refitted. On another 
Bhe was capture,], | with Preble still on hoard, and some v\' her 

officei : '> to England, bul Preble was put on board the famous 

»hip Jersey, at New Fork.J Here he fell sick, passed through 

ns fever, was placed upon parole, and finally ob- 
Ulned b " through the kindness of a royalist, Col. William 

ml of this action, see sketch of John Poster Williams, In vol. ii. 

"The Evolutionary Adventures of 

mi, Ms. Boston, 1838." 

I ctor left Boston about the last of Oct> 

and i at the Gmnd Banks, bore away for the 

'• rwtarnw,»sobllged to surrender to two 

ol the prisons confined in her,.* 

' ■■'■ Bn« W-privately printed, 1854." 

Wb, the same anthor-privatcly printed. N.Yort 

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Tyng, a former friend and associate in arms of his father, and so was 
restored to his friends after about a year's absence.* 

Preble next joined the " Winthrop," another Massachusetts State 
ship, and commanded by Capt. George Little, who had been the first 
lieutenant and executive officer of the " Protector," and was sub- 
sequently a Captain in the Navy of the United States. Though less 
than twenty years of age, Preble was first Lieutenant and executive 
officer of the Winthrop. 

The vessel rendered great service in protecting our trade and mak- 
ing prizes of privateers under the royal flag. While cruising in the 
waters of Maine, Capt. Little ascertained that an armed brig lay at 
"anchor near Castine, under cover of the guns of the British post there ; 
and a design was formed to run the Winthrop along side in the night 
and carry her by surprise. Preble was to lead the. boarders, con- 
sisting of forty picked men, dressed in white frocks, that friend might 
be distinguished from foe. The bold measure was successfully exe- 
cuted. The Winthrop run alongside. Preble, with fourteen of his 
force, gained the deck of the brig, but the Winthrop's way was so 
rapid, and she passed the brig so quickly that the remaining twenty-six 
were unable to leap on board, and he was left with his small force to 
contend with the foe as he best could. Little hailed him and asked 
if he would have more men. " No," was Preble's cool reply, " we 
have more than we want ; we stand in each others' way." Deceived 
by this declaration, the crew of the brig were panic-stricken, and 
some of them leaped overboard, while the officers were instantly sought 
in the cabin by Preble in person, and called to surrender, as resist- 
ance was useless, and would cause the loss of their lives. The prize 
having been secured, was worked out to sea under a severe fire from 
the shore batteries, and was safely taken to Boston. 

At the peace Massachusetts no longer required a navy, and its offi- 
cers were generally discharged — a few small vessels and officers only 
being retained to protect the revenue. Dr. Deane, in his Diary, re- 
marks, under date Dec. 1, 1782, " Edward Preble got home." 

After leaving the Winthrop, Preble sought employment in the mer- 
chant service, and for about fifteen years devoted himself principally 
to commercial pursuits. The names of several schooners, brigs and 
ships, which he commanded, in which he went abroad as supercargo, 
or in which he had an interest as owner or shipper, are preserved in 
the few business letters and accounts that now remain. It is certain 

* Col. William Tyng was a son of Commo. Edward Tyng, and sacrificed to his loyalty 
a landed estate in Boston which a hundred millions of dollars could not purchase now. 
He returned after the war, and died at Gorham, Me. — Cleveland's Centennial Dummer 
Academy Discourse, 1863. 


he visited several parts of the world, and at times resided in foreign 
tnntries as an agent of the American house with which he was con- 
nected, and at other times was engaged in trading voyages along our 
coast, and to the British Colonies. lie resided for a time in Spain. 
Again we trace him in the West Indies, and we glean from his c.or- 
ndcnce that he made a voyage to Africa, and that the speculation 
was unfortunate principally, if not entirely, because of his conscien- 
tious objection to invest his outward cargo in slaves. Upon his last 
n enterprise he was captured hy a French pirate, plundered of his 
property, and detained for several months. While his personal expen- 
ditures were small, his activity ceaseless, and his industry was highly 
praiseworthy and even remarkable, his fortune in 1798 was scarcely" 
better than it was fifteen years earlier, at the commencement of his 
mercantile career in 1783. The open-handed liberality, for which he 
was distinguished through life, was sufficient to abstract no incon- 
siderable share of his gains and earnings, and he was remembered 
between the ages of twenty-two and thirty-seven as a fine-looking, 
frank and generous seaman, of a decided tone and hasty temper. 

The troubles in France brought Preble into public life a second 
time, and he was commissioned a Lieutenant in the U. S. Navy, Jan. 
17, 1799, to take rank from April 9, 1798. On the 12th of April. 
1798, James McIIenry, Secretary of War, communicated to him his 
appointment as a first Lieutenant in the Navy of the United States, 
to serve on board the Frigate Constitution, Samuel Nicholson, Cap- 
tain. He joined the Constitution, but he did not serve in her, having 
had some disagreement with the Captain, and after a short leave to 
attend to his private affairs, obtained command of the brig Pickering. 
His order to that vessel is dated January, 1799, and was his first ac- 
tive duty after entering the national marine. The Pickering, and 
several vessels of her class, had been employed on the revenue ser- 
vice, there being no vessels at that time belonging to the Treasury 
Department. She was a brig of 187 tons, mounted 14 guns, and car- 
ried 70 men. 

Tli<> circumstances of the country required all its armed vessels for 
cruising, and when ordered to the Pickering he was advised thai she 
would probably be transferred from the treasury to the naval estab- 
lishment; and on the 17th of January he was ordered to proceed 
withoul delay to the Island of Dominica, W. I., and cruise iii the 
vicinity of Prince Rupert's Bay until joined by Commodore Barry in 
the Frigate United States, when he was to place himself under that 
ottoer*! direction. Pew incidents ofhia lite while attached to Barry's 

•qnadrOD in the W I I Indies arc known, lie may have remained a 


^ytrU^? X?> 

/&vt^£- — , 


year, and have made two cruises in the Pickering before his pro. 

lie was commissioned a Captain June 7, 1799, to take rank from 
the 15th of the preceding month. He was not quite thirty-six years 
old at the time of his promotion, and may not have been strictly en- 
titled to the place given him on the Captain's list ; and it is quite 
probable it was given as an inducement to continue in the service, 
from which he had thoughts of retiring. The Secretary, in commu- 
nicating his commission, hoped that he would accept it and remain in 
the navy ; "for," said he, "you may justly expect to rank high, and 
soon get a good ship." Soon after he received orders to the " Essex." 
This frigate was built at Salem by subscription from the merchants, 
who received Government stock for the money advanced, and Com. 
Preble took charge of her before her rigging was completed. 

The Essex sailed in company with the Frigate Congress, Captain 
Sever, on a cruise to the East Indies in January, 1800. The ships 
were separated in a gale. The Congress was dismasted and put back, 
but Preble in the Essex pursued his way and arrived safely at the 
Cape of Good Hope, where he awaited for some time the arrival of his 
consort. The Congress not appearing, he proceeded to the accom- 
plishment of the object of his voyage, which was to convoy home a 
fleet of American Indiamen. Fourteen vessels, engaged in the China 
and other eastern trade, with cargoes valued at several millions of dol- 
lars, were accordingly protected and conducted to points of safety. 
He continued in the India seas several months while collecting his 
convoy, and returned to the United States near the close of 1800. It 
was his good fortune in the Essex to carry the American flag around 
the Cape of Good Hope for the first time in a public vessel, and 
twelve years later the Essex, under the command of Commo. Porter, 
had the additional honor of being the first American vessel to carry 
" our flag " around Cape Horn. 

On the reduction of the navy in 1801, he was one of the nine Cap- 
tains retained for the reduced establishment, and was ordered to the 
Essex without delay, to prepare her for a cruise of twelve months, in 
the squadron under Com. Truxton, at Hampton Roads. Though the 
law authorized but nine Captains, twelve were retained, and Preble 
was the ninth of these ; before the reduction, he was the twenty-first 
on the list. 

* Lieut. B. Hillar succeeded him in command of the Pickering. In August, 1800, 
she sailed for the West Indies, and he and all on board perished in her at sea. The Pick- 
ering was built at Newburyport by Orlando B. Merrill, who in 1791, four years previous to 
'her launch, invented the water line model for ships, still in use. Previous to that time there 
were only skeleton models, composed of pieces showing the ribs, &c. of the ship. Mr. Mer- 
rill's original model was deposited with the New York Hist. Soc. in 1853. 


While in the East Indies he was dangerously sick of a fever, and 
returned in a precarious state of health. From the effects of this sick- 
ness he never recovered ; but in accordance with his instructions he 
fitted the Essex for sea, and proceeded to Norfolk, Va., where he was 
compelled to relinquish the command and seek the rest which nature 
required.* While thus a gentleman of leisure, he married Miss Mary 
Deering, the only daughter of Nathaniel Deering, w ho long survived 

On the 12th of January, 1802, he was appointed to the Frigate 
Adams, 28, then fitting for the Mediterranean, and feeling too feeble 
for the duty, again tendered his resignation. Hon. Robert Smith, of 
Maryland, Secretary of the Navy, declined however to receive the 
commission " of a gentleman possessing such high qualifications to ad- 
vance and maintain our naval character," offered him under circum- 
stances which " irresistibly excited sensations of sympathy and regret ; 
but," he continued, " to insist on your retaining command of the Adams 
would be an act of inhumanity which no state necessity scarcely could 
justify. You will therefore consider yourself hereby released from 
the command of the Adams, and on furlough till your health shall be 
restored ; and I pray you to accept of my sincere wishes for its speedy 

Rest, freedom from care, and more than all, a home, so far alleviat" 
ed his complaint and restored his strength, that in the spring of the 
following year he considered himself able to resume active duty. Yet 
he was not well. From his return in the Essex to his latest hour, he 
was a stranger to the enjoyment of sound health. 

On the 14th of May, 1803, he was directed to take charge of the 
Frigate Constitution at Boston, as yet unknown to fame, and fit her 
fol Bee with all despatch. A week later he was advised of the views 
of government, and informed that the President had determined to 
entrust to his command a squadron destined to act against the States 
of Barbery . Owing to the miserably defective naval organization of 
the period, he was unable to get the Constitution ready before Au- 
and dropping down to President Koads August L3th, went to 
the next day, and anchored a1 Gibraltar Sept. L2th.f 

The short, brillianl and sueeessful cruises which followed, and his 
aM i.'k upon Tripoli, are so well known that they need not be repeat* 
• ••I in this sketch. 

In M iy. L804, while in the full tide ofsucccss, he was relieved from 
his command of the squadron because it was thought necessary to 

• i iptWUHaml ded him In the command of the E< 

• \ v • oopyofthi i i of ill" Constitution daring tliis famous era tie, kept hy 

KAilln. in tli.- of the N:i\;il end Institute, tit 

■ aid. 


increase the force of it, and as there were no captains junior to him 
who could be employed on that service, his retention would neces- 
sarily involve his being placed over Captains who were his seniors. 
That his being relieved was through no dissatisfaction with what he 
had done is evident from the following letters. On the 7th of May, 
fourteen days before the order appointing his successor, the Secretary 
wrote him : " It is with great pleasure that I repeat to you the assur- 
ance that your whole conduct has received the unqualified approba- 
tion- of the President of the United States, and that his confidence in 
your zeal and judgment remains unabated;" The order appointing 
his successor contains the following passages: "Your* good sense 
will perceive we have been unavoidably constrained to supersede you 
in the command in which you have acquitted yourself in a manner 
honorable to yourself, useful to your country, and in all respects sat- 
isfactory to us. Be assured, Sir, that no want of confidence in you 
has been mingled with the considerations which have imposed the 
necessity of this measure. You have fulfilled our highest expecta- 
tions ; and the President has given it in an especial charge to me to 
declare that he has the highest confidence in your activity, judgment 
and valor. Through me he desires to convey to you his thanks for 
the very important services you have rendered to your country, and 
I beg you to be assured, Sir, that it affords me great personal satis- 
faction to be the medium of conveying to you his sentiments in rela- 
tion to your conduct-" 

It should be recollected that in politics he differed from the adminis- 
tration, and that his five attacks upon Tripoli were unknown, and had 
not indeed been made at the date of these communications from the 
department. Many and similar tributes are to be met with in previ- 
ous as well as in subsequent letters from the Secretary. 

Equally direct and marked was the commendation he received from 
various gentlemen who were present at the scene of his arduous du- 
ties. " To tell you," wrote Col. Lear, " what I think of your conduct 
would appear like flattery." Said Mr. Davis, our Consul at Tunis: 
" You have laid the foundation for a national character. Your exam- 
ple will stimulate all the secondary nations, and I trust finally destroy 
the false policy of Europe." Mr. Higgins, our Navy Agent at Malta, to 
whom he enclosed a copy of the Secretary's despatch announcing 
that he was to be superseded, wrote : "I will be bold to say, that the 
thanks of the President and the warm approbation of your country 
are not more than a well earned tribute to the efforts you have made 
to serve it." 

On his retiring from his command, his officers with entire unanimity 
presented him with an address expressive of the kindest sentiments. 


A paper of this d< scription from inferiors to an official superior is sel- 
dom proper; but in this case, if we regard the peculiar circumstances 
aoder which this Buperior and hia inferiors met and parted, the motive 
alone may l>e considered, and not only excuse the act itself, but ren- 
der it one of the most certain proofs of the Commodore's personal 
and professional merits. This address bears the signatures of no less 
thin fifty-three officers. And among these signers who afterwards 
gained naval crowns of their own, was the veteran Stewart, who 
died Nov. T, 1869, aged 91 ; Hull, Decatur, Lawrence, McDonough, 
Borrows* Chaunccy and Morris, with many others whose names are 
dear to tin; cation. Jones, Bainbridge and Biddlc were at the time 
immared in the Bashaw's prison. Thus it happened that a large 
proportion of the successful commanders of the war of 1812 acted 
under him before Tripoli. To have had any share in training these 
officers is of itself an honor, and has been the occasion of giving 
to him the honorary distinction of being the father of the American 

Nor was the expression of opinion on this occasion confined to offi- 
cers of our own government. To Preble the appointment of a succes- 
sor was unexpected, and Ins feelings were evidently wounded. 

He had many friends among the civilians and the military and naval 
Characters whom In- had met. His relations with Sir Alexander Ball, 
the Governor <•!' Malta, and Gapt. Schonberg, B. X., were intimate. 
To the former, one of Nelson's Captains, who commanded the Alexan- 
der at the Battle of the Nile, and whom Nelson said on that occasion 
•leofhis "supporters," Preble inclosed a copy of the Secretary's 
letter, the last from which we have quoted, and wrote to Capt. Schon- 
apprising him of the fact. In his letter of reply Sir Alexander 
■aid, " I have communicated this to all I know. They join with me in 
regretting that an officer whose talents and professional abilities have 
been justly appreciated, and whose manners and oondoot eminently 
lit him for so high a command, should be removed from it." 

We in ay now appropriately close with the high compliment of his 

Holiness tie- Pope: "The American commander, and in a short 

of tine', lias done more for tin? cause of Christianity, than the 

most powerful nations of Christendom have done forages/ 1 

After transferring the H<|iiadrou to his successor Barron, much re- 

i t" !"• done : and aboul four months elapsed before the Oom- 
re took bis departure for the United States. While closing his 

intS * ItO Consult and N.i\ y \ gents, and while disposing of other 
Official business lie visited Malta twice, Messina twice, and was also 

Naples, Gibraltar and Tangiers. Having resigned the 

Constitution to Decatur : having endeavored to arrange with the 


Neapolitan government on behalf of Barron for bomb-vessels and 
mortars, gun-boats, cannon-shot and shells, to be used the next sea- 
son ; having written farewell letters to Baiubridge, Col. Lear, Sir 
Alexander Ball, and several other friends, he sailed for home in the 
John Adams in January, 1805. This ship had on board all the inva. 
lid officers and men of the squadron, and her destination was Wash- 
ington ; but on the 22d of February it was reported the quantity of 
water was becoming short, and he advised Chauncey, who was in com. 
mand, to make for the nearest safe port in the United States. Four 
days after (26th) she arrived at New York. Preble repaired to the 
seat of government with but little delay, reaching Washington on the 
4th of March, 1805. 

A few days previous to his arrival the President had communicated 
to both Houses of Congress an account of his proceedings between 
the 9th of July and the, 10th of September, 1801, which embraced 
the period of his most important operations ; and in the accompany- 
ing message remarked that " the energy and judgment displayed by 
this excellent officer, through the whole course of the service lately 
confided to him, and the zeal and bravery of his officers and men in 
the several enterprises executed by them, cannot fail to give high 
satisfaction to Congress and their country, of whom they have deserv- 
ed so well." 

On the 3d of March, the day before Preble reached Washington, a 
resolution passed Congress directing that a gold medal, emblematical 
■ of the attacks on the town, batteries and naval force of Tripoli, should 
be presented to him ; that a sword should be presented to each of the 
commissioned officers and midshipmen who had "distinguished them- 
selves in these several attacks ; and that one month's extra pay should 
be given to each of the petty officers, seamen and marines of the 
squadron." The medal was transmitted to the Commodore on the lTth 
of May, 1806.* 

It was rumored in 1805 that Preble was offered the post of Secre- 
tary of the Navy ; .but whether such an offer was made or not cannot 
now be ascertained, but it was believed by many of his friends, and 
he received many congratulatory letters, among others, one from his 
friend Sir Alexander Ball, in which he says : " It is reported that the 
President wished to give youthe strongest proof of his sense of your 
merit by appointing you Secretary of the Navy, which I should have 
rejoiced at your accepting, knowing how eminently you are fitted to 
fill that high office." 

A mission to Europe, for the purpose of acquiring information that 

* Am. State Papers, Vol. xiv. pp. 282-298, et seq. 


might be useful to the Navy, was proposed to him in April, 1805, 
while later in the year he was assured that upon a given contingency 
he should have a Navy Agency, or what the Secretary thought would 
be preferable to him, tin' command of the Navy Yard at Washington. 
II • was ijgo much consulted by the Department upon various matters 
relating t" the service. 

In 1806, the number of officers and seamen of the navy was limited 
by law. The Captains were fourteen, and Preble was the fifth in 
rank — Nicholson, Murray, Samuel Barron and Rodgers being his 

The course of events impelled him to remain in the navy, though 
the birth of a son, his only child, Edward, in February, 1S06, added to 
his previously existing inducements to return to private life. To- 
wards the close <>f 1806, the Commodore apparently panted once more 
live duty. He wrote to the Secretary, " If a service of danger 
presents, 1 shall feel mortified at not being employed. I stand ready 
t i proceed at a moment's warning on any service which the govern- 
ment may think proper to send me, against any nation or people, and 
to shed my blood in the execution of such service." But little of Jife 
remained to him. 

its bee ing known at Washington that his health was failing, 

rninh sympathy was felt by those with whom he had official inter- 
course : and early in lSuT he was strongly urged to remove to that 
city, both for the benefit of his health and that the government might 
the advantage of his presence. A friend, high in the confidence 
of the administration, in April of that year addressed him a long letter 
on the Bubject. After speaking of the " soul-reviving breezes " of the 
metropolis, and of the many beautiful situations which could be pur. 

1 there on g 1 terms, he writes : " You are a man of enlarged 

views an 1 powerful intellect, and for being such I want you here. 
Tour life is valuable to the country, therefore I want you here. I 
believe this climate would keep your clay in wholesome animation 
r than that of which you justly complain. I love such men as 
■ 1 therefore 1 want you here. Between us, you would be chief 
counsellor." (Several reasons, none of which need be stated, prevent 
el him f 1 1 »Tn leaving New England. 

De waa offered, nol lung after, the Navy Agency at Boston; and 

I to him thai be would be allowed to retain his rank 
a '"' '"" I" I iptain in the Navy. This appointment, increasing 

debility compelled him to decline. On the L8th of June the Secretary 

1 ,,il " to pro, A York to witness and gi\t) his opinion 

ol the Hal. -m nine experiments of Fulton ; an d this, it is believed, was 
the last oOlci.,1 empl ivmeoJ he was asked to undertake. Before the 


time designated for making the proposed test of Mr. Fulton's plan for 
attacking and blowing up ships of war arrived, the Commodore's case 
was hopeless. He had been for some time superintending the con- 
struction of several gun-boats at Portland ; and in the hope that short 
trips in the bay would be serviceable to his failing frame, he requested 
of the Department the liberty to use one, which had been completed. 
The request was granted most readily and in the handsomest manner. 
He continued in charge of the gun-boats until the arrival of Lieut. 
Lawrence,* who was sent to relieve him, and until he was confined 
to his bed. In this situation he even maintained a correspondence 
with the Secretary of the Navy, and gave directions for the final 
equipment of the boats. Meantime his medical adviser and friends 
united in recommending his trial of a sea-voyage to Madeira. This, 
in the opinion of all, was the only course that promised to prolong 
his life ; and he accordingly applied for liberty to embark. The difficul- 
ties which finally produced war were already serious ; and with a 
heart still as stout and as patriotic as at any former time, he said in 
his letter of application, " I should not, in the present state of our 
foreign relations, ask permission to leave the continent, were I not 
in hope that a few weeks' absence will enable me to attend to any 
duty which may be required of me." 

A most unexpected event occurred to change his purpose — the 
affair of the Chesapeake and Leopard, too painfully familiar to every 
American to need narrating. When the news of it reached Portland, 
the Commodore was absent on a short excursion in a gun-boat. On 
coming in he anchored in the town harbor, and according to arrange- 
ment, a valued friend, seeing the customary signal, went down to him. 
On communicating the tidings, this friend related that the Commodore 
appeared entirely confounded. He made one exclamation indicative 
of intense astonishment, and falling back upon his bed, did not so 
much as even speak another word during the remainder of the inter- 
view. " I had no idea," said the gentleman, " that anything could have 
so moved him." On the 10th of July he spoke painfully of the occur- 
rence, though without mentioning the unfortunate commander (whom 
the calm judgment of the well-informed of the present generation will 
hardly fail to view more as a victim than a delinquent), and earnestly 
entreated in the event of war to be called into service. " I am very 
low," said he to the Secretary, " but I will obey, if I am obliged to 
be carried on board ; the occasion will soon restore me." 

Twenty-four hours before his death, and probably in his last 
communication, he stated that he should defer his plan of going to 

* James Lawrence, afterwards killed in command of the Chesapeake. 

j^rAf?^ ,'a^. j£ . / £><?s 



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time designated for making the proposed test of Mr. Fulton's plan for 
attacking and blowing up ships of war arrived, the Commodore's case 
was hopeless. He had been for some time superintending the con- 
struction of several gun-boats at Portland ; and in the hope that short 
trips in the bay would be serviceable to his failing frame, he requested 
of the Department the liberty to use one, which had been completed. 
The request was granted most readily and in the handsomest manner. 
He continued in charge of the gun-boats until the arrival of Lieut. 
Lawrence,* who was sent to relieve him, and until he was confined 
to his bed. In this situation he even maintained a correspondence 
with the Secretary of the Navy, and gave directions for the final 
equipment of the boats. Meantime his medical adviser and friends 
united in recommending his trial of a sea-voyage to Madeira. This, 
in the opinion of all, was the only course that promised to prolong 
his life ; and he accordingly applied for liberty to embark. The difficul- 
ties which finally produced war were already serious ; and with a 
heart still as stout and as patriotic as at any former time, he said in 
his letter of application, " I should not, in the present state of our 
foreign relations, ask permission to leave the continent, were I not 
in hope that a few weeks' absence will enable me to attend to any 
duty which may be required of me." 

A most unexpected event occurred to change his purpose — the 
affair of the Chesapeake and Leopard, too painfully familiar to every 
American to need narrating. When the news of it reached Portland, 
the Commodore was absent on a short excursion in a gun-boat. On 
coming in he anchored in the town harbor, and according to arrange- 
ment, a valued friend, seeing the customary signal, went down to him. 
On communicating the tidings, this friend related that the Commodore 
appeared entirely confounded. He made one exclamation indicative 
of intense astonishment, and falling back upon his bed, did not so 
much as even speak another word during the remainder of the inter- 
view. " I had no idea," said the gentleman, " that anything could have 
so moved him." On the 10th of July he spoke painfully of the occur- 
rence, though without mentioning the unfortunate commander (whom 
the calm judgment of the well-informed of the present generation will 
hardly fail to view more as a victim than a delinquent), and earnestly 
entreated in the event of war to be called into service. " I am very 
low," said he to the Secretary, " but I will obey, if I am obliged to 
be carried on board ; the occasion will soon restore me." 

Twenty-four hours before his death, and probably in his last 
communication, he stated that he should defer his plan of going to 

* James Lawrence, afterwards killed in command of the Chesapeake. 


Madeira until he should know what was the result of this affair, and 
thai under the prevalent impression of a rupture, his intention was 
to make excursions along the Atlantic coast in a vessel, which he had 
chartered for the purpose, and to return to port after short absences, 
to learn what had in the mean time transpired. lie was brought in 
from sea, and carried home to die. lie suffered much. His di> 
which was originally a debility of the digestive organs, assumed the 
character of a fixed and rapid consumption ; and on Tuesday, the 25th 
of August, 1807, his life terminated at Portland. Ten days before, 
he had completed his forty-sixth 3 r ear. The brother next him in years, 
who was also a seaman, was the closest in feeling of all his blood 
relations, and attended him much in his last illness. To this brother 
the Commodore's last words were addressed. They were: "Give 
me your hand, Enoch — I'm going — give me your hand." 

His funeral was an imposing pageant, uniting, with the solemnities 
of religion, masonic and military pomp and show. Business and labor 
were entirely suspended, and the population of Portland and its 
neighborhood, moved by a common impulse, and forming a large 
assemblage, devoted Thursday, the 27th of August, to the sad duty 
of his burial. It was known at Boston that the funeral services would 
then occur, and the usual mourning honors were paid by the shipping 
in that port. Intelligence of his death reached Washington on the 
first of September, a few minutes past noon ; and, says the National 
Intelligencer of the second, "Immediately the flags of the frigates 
in ordinary, and at the marine garrison, were struck halt' mast; at 
half past noon one gun was fired at the Navy Yard, which was repeat- 
ed every five minutes till soventeen minutes before sunset, at which 
commenced a discharge of seventeen minute guns, when with the de- 
parting ruu, the colors were struck amidst the sincere regrets of his 
brother officers." The event was suitably noticed in other places, 
while the newspaper press, and the private letters of distinguished 
citizens, bewailed the loss of so much professional talent, ardent 
patriotism and civic worth, at so critical a juncture. The master spi- 
rit of OUT Na\ v at that period had indeed fallen ! 

At the time of his decease, Commo. Preble had nearly completed a 

and elegant mansion-house at Portland, where, in possession of 

sufficient wealth, and the society of his family and friends, he hoped 

for happiness and repose. He did not live to occupy that house, 

although it remained the residence of his widow until her death. Since 

that event, becoming surrounded by places of trade and traffic, it has 

been enlarged and converted into an hotel, known as the " Pretty 

The Commodore died in a large wooden house then known as 

the Preble Mansion, but afterwards as the Sun Tavern and Cased 


House, which, after many alterations, was destroyed in the great fire 
of 1866. The Casco Bank now covers its site. 

" In many things," says Mr. Sabine, " Commo. Preble was a remark- 
able man. He died before his powers were fully tried or matured. 
Though he did but little to attract the popular eye, he is still regarded 
as the most considerable naval character of his time in America. Commo. 
Preble possessed a fruitful, vigorous, and comprehensive mind; and that 
he was equal to accomplishing the most important enterprises, there 
seems no room to doubt. He reached in a moment the result which 
in ordinary men requires long and calm reflection ; and he carried 
through the plans which he conceived with a promptness and self 
confidence that inspired and insured success. He acted upon the 
principle that ' the boldest measures are the safest,' and yet circum- 
spection and prudence were distinguishing traits. His perseverance 
was not lessened but rather increased by the neglect of his govern- 
ment and the obstinacy of his foe. Pain and sickness did not over- 
come his energy, and his activity continued until nature was fairly 
exhausted. Qualities like these, and his devotedness to duty ; the 
disinterestedness which impelled him to accept of a perilous command 
when disease was preying upon his frame, and when the prolongation 
of his life imperatively demanded of him to seek repose in a home of 
tranquillity and ease, and recovery in the attentions of devoted 
friends ; his sincerity and benevolence ; his disregard of money except 
as a means of doing good, and his many benefactions to officers and 
others less favored by fortune than himself, entitle him to the remem- 
brance and gratitude of his countrymen. During the last years of 
his life, and especially after his return from the Mediterranean, his 
opinions were solicited on the most important and delicate subjects, 
and in a manner which shows that his advice was to be regarded as 
decisive. Of naval men generally, and upon naval affairs, he appears 
to have been the common adviser ; and private wrongs and griefs, 
and public embarrassments and perplexities, were alike submit- 
ted to his honor and discretion. The true character of this faithful 
and unwearied servant is imperfectly known to the present genera- 
tion ; but it was well understood by those who directed our public 
affairs at the opening of the century, that to elevate his favorite arm 
of the national defence, to render it respectable in _the eyes of the 
American people and of the world, he was ready and to a considera- 
ble extent did sacrifice ease, leisure, the endearments of domestic and 
social life, health and estate. When certain professional objects 
should have been accomplished, he promised himself retirement ; but 
it pleased the Disposer of all events, that the future in which he had 
garnered up so much as a husband, father and friend, should never 


Another of his biographers, James Fennimore Cooper, in summing' 
up bis character, says of him : "His career in the present navy was 
so short, and the greater portion of it kept him so much aloof from 
tlit- body of his brother officers, that we must look to some unusual 
Cause for the great influence he obtained while living, and the lasting 
renown be has left attached to his name, now he is dead. If the few 
days passed iii visits, during which nothing ostensible was done, be 
excepted, Preble was only fortj^-two days before Tripoli altogether. 
In that time he captured nothing, excluding the three gun-boats taken 
in the first attack ; nor did he meet with any of that brilliant success 
which carries away men's imaginations, making the result the sole 
test >>f merit, without regard to the means by which it was obtained. 
Still it may be questioned if any other name in American naval an- 
nals has as high a place in the estimation of the better class of 
judges, as that of Preble. Decatur performed many more brilliant 
personal exploits; the victory of McDonough, besides standing first 
OB the score of odds and magnitude, possesses the advantage of bring- 
ing in its train far inure important immediate consequences than any 
other naval aehievement of the country ; yet it may be doubted if the 
intelligent do not give to Preble a place in the scale of renown still 
higher than that occupied by cither of these heroes. Hull broke the 
charm of a long established and imposing invincibility ; yet no man 
competent to judge of merit of this nature, would think of comparing 
Hull to Preble, though the latter virtually never took a ship. The 
names u| neither Lawrence, Bai abridge, nor Perry, will ever be placed 
by the discriminating. at the side of that of Preble, though ten-fold 
more has been written to exalt the renown of either than has been 
written in behalf of Preble. They themselves would have deferred 
t" the superiority of the old Mediterranean commander, and neither 
would probably dream of placing his own name on a level with that 
of Preble. Chauncey, out of all question, occupied the most ardu- 
ous and responsible station ever filled by an American naval com- 
mander, and I'lclilr never, performed more gallant personal deeds than 
Chauncey, or showed higher resolution in the face of his enemy ; yet 
Chauncey always spoke of Preble as men name their admitted supe- 
riors ! Paul JoHes alone can claim to be placed on the same elevation 
resources and combinations; but few who are familiar with the 

details of the events connected with both, would think of placing even 
Paul Jones fairly at Preble's side. There was a compactness, a power 

of combination, an integrity oi command, ami a distinctness of ope- 
rations tboul Preble's memorable month that Jones's justly renowned 
Omise did not exhibit. It will be vain to contend that Jones's mate- 
rials were bad, an I that his inferiors could scarcely be called his sub- 



c/. T(^,c^ttC^-\^ CecJLv*' 

•■\ .■..-. in;, in \. i ..i' i i i- i ' >nv.-.- •.!' 

■ . . .• ,. ' ,. . 


Pi il, 


ordinates. There may have been much truth in this, but Jones's 
cruise showed high resolution, and far reaching' views, rather than 
ability to control, combine, and influence, the qualities that Preble so 
eminently possessed. Landais would never have deserted Preble 
twice ; he would have had him out of the ship, and Dale in his place, 
for the first offence. 

" There can be little doubt that some portion of Preble's reputation 
is owing to the place he filled in the order of time, as connected with 
the formation of the present Marine. This of itself, however, would 
not have built up a permanent name ; and the subsequent exploits of 
McDonough, Decatur, Lawrence, Biddle, Blakely, &c, would have 
been certain to throw it in the shade. * * * 

" Under the most disadvantageous circumstances, and with cruelly 
insufficient means, he lowered the pretensions of his enemy one-half 
in ten days, and had brought them down to nothing by the end of the 
month ! We say cruelly insufficient means, for in effect the Consti- 
tution alone, with her thirty guns in broadside, had frequently to con- 
tend with a hundred guns in batteries. 

" But no better circumstance can be cited in favor of Preble's pro- 
fessional character and conduct, than the hold he obtained on the 
minds of his officers. Personalty, they had much to induce them to 
dislike him ; yet we cannot recall an instance in which we have ever 
heard one of them find fault with the least of his movements. All 
seemed to think that everything that was don,e, was done for the best. 
We hear no complaints of injudicious or unreasonable operations ; and, 
what is still more unusual in combined movements, of commanders who 
did not do their whole duty. Inequality of conduct and of services is 
one of the commonest occurrences in all extended operations by sea or 
land. We hear tales and anecdotes of this sort as connected with 
McDonough's and Perry's victories, as connected with Chauncy's 
various manoeuvres and battles, but none in relation to Preble and his 
command. Every man in his squadron knew and felt that he was 

" One cannot but regret that Preble did not survive, with all his 
powers, until after the occurrence of the war of 1812. Nothing was 
more apparent than the want of combination and intelligent wielding 
of force on the Atlantic, that was exhibited throughout the whole of 
those important years ; and we cannot but think, had Preble's capacity 
and energy been bi'ought to bear on the service, he would have shown 
something more brilliant than isolated combats, as the result of even 
the small means that could have been placed at his control. He would 
then have been second in rank in the Navy, as to all practical pur 
poses, and must have been intrusted with one of the largest squadrons 


"Preble's influence on the discipline of the service was of a valuable 
and lasting nature. Until his time, the men of the present Xavy were 
little accustomed to act in concert, and some of the previous attempts 
had not been attended with very flattering results. Officers would 
obey at every hazard, it is true, as Stewart did when he went to sea 
in the Experiment, towing out his main-mast after him, in consequence 
of a petulant order from Truxton ; but they had not been taught to 
repress their own ardor, or to yield their own opinions to those of their 
superiors, in the face of an enemy, in order to present a combined and 
available front, until Preble gave them the severe, but salutary lesson. 

" It is probable that the marine of this country, long ere the close 
of this century, will become one of the most powerful the world has 
yet seen. * * * In that day all the earlier facts of the national 
career will be collected with care, and preserved with veneration. 
Among the brightest of those who will be exhibited connected with 
the deeds of that infant navy, out of which will have grown the colossal 
power that must then wield the trident of the seas, will stand promi- 
nent the forty days of the Tripolitan war, crowded with events that 
are inseparable from the name and renown of Edward Preble." 

Mr. Sabine, in closing his brief account of his life — after speaking of 
his reputed ungovernable temper — says : "It should be recorded, that 
whatever might be the violence of his resentment for the instant, he 
possessed a rare faculty of making and retaining friends ; that no bit- 
ter feuds occurred among his officers ; and that during his command in 
the Mediterranean, there was neither a court martial or a duel.* Men 
who knew him and one another as strangers, parted as near kinsmen." 

* Cooper, in his Naval History of the U. S., says: — " Perhaps no service, either in the 
way of Ships oi officers, ever hail BO large a proportion of what was excellent in it, and N 
null a proportion of that which was defective, as the Navy of the U. S., the day peace was 
Signed with Tripoli (June3, 180.5). Astern discipline, a nigh moral tone, rare models in 
seamanship, active warfare, the means of comparison, and a spirit of emulation that is cer- 
tain to carry the national character to the highest level, wherever the national energies caa 
be permitted to exhibit themselves, had conspired to produce this end. The petulant and 
always questionable proofs ol private renc o ntres, which are so apt to sully the renown of 
infant serrices, had disappeared in a chivalry that seemed to have forg o tten all hut the 
conntrj and hex honor. Not a duel was fought during the command of Preble; the bxmva 
in. n u ho stood assembled under bis orders, regarded each other as brothers, and the honor 
of appeared to be connected with the honor of all. An admirable aaprsK <iu esrsw was 

created, and the luitlon which DOTS the emhlcin of the common profession, was deemed a 
signal Of the praMBOB of a friend. Men stood by each Other in moments of severe trial, and 
even tie- body of the nation, which is SO little addicted to the sentimental, or the abstract, 
nd the Bag with open pride. In n word, the tone, discipline, pride, emulation, 
and -pint, tint the Navy derived from this remote and, in one sense, unimportant war, prc- 
pand it tor another an. I a -even r trial that was at hand. The impresMon produced in the 
; in. in. w.i- slSO nrrorable, and the head of the Romish church is said to have ptlh- 

Ucly declared that America had done more for Christendom against the barbarians than all 
til.- p rwen of Boropa united." 



' >// ////',/,>/',• ' ) //','r/t 


This biographer adds: "His most confidential papers have been 
open to my inspection. They contain autograph letters from persons 
who occupied the loftiest stations and whose names will ever appear 
on the pages of history. They contain, too, letters from the humblest, 
from the siGk, the poor, the disabled in their country's service. The 
latter have riveted my attention far more than the former, for they 
show how one, who has often been called ' The father of the American 
Navy,' was regarded by the friendless and the sorrowing." 

In person the Commodore was six feet high, and of fine proportions. 
His attitude was erect, his step firm, and his whole appearance and 
port in the highest degree commanding. The style of his personal 
appearance was a union of gentleman-like outline, with size and force. 
In uniform he was a striking figure. His countenance varied with 
his feelings, and altogether he would be considered in any part of the 
world a man of mark. A distinguished clergyman relates, that seeing 
him and a celebrated Indian chief in the streets of Boston, he thought 
at the time that they were the noblest specimens of the human race 
he had ever observed. 

His manners were polished and even courtly. He saw much of the 
world, and mingled in the best society, both at home and abroad. 
His address was pleasant, his voice melodious, and until weakened by 
disease, of great strength ; and few could sing a patriotic song, or 
naval ode, with more taste or effect, nis conversational powers were 
good ; but he seldom spoke of himself or of his own actions, even to 
those with whom he was connected by the closest ties. The written 
compositions which bear his signature were certainly his own com- 
position ; and embracing as they do almost every topic, and thrown 
off, as most of them were, amid harassing cares, and during impaired 
health, they are sometimes faulty in style and defective in argument, 
but always direct, spirited and concise. They exhibit high mental 
vigor, and are generally clothed in well chosen expressions. His 
orders to his officers are remarkable for their simplicity and brevity. 

Several biographies of Commodore Preble more or less extended have 
been printed. The earliest of these was written by Doctor Kirkland 
soon after his decease, and published in the Port Folio or Polyanthos, 
and a few copies struck off for private circulation among his friends. 
This was illustrated with an engraved likeness from the portrait in 
the possession of his family. Another life, written by Cooper, was 
published first in Graham's Magazine for May, 1845, and later in his 
volumes of Naval Biography. Still another Life, written by the Hon. 
Lorenzo Sabine, and occupying near 200 pages of the eleventh volume 
of Sparks's American Biography, was published in 1846, and is the text 
from which the greater part of this sketch is abridged. The author 


had extraordinary facilities for producing the work, which to him was 
a labor of love. Besides these, there is Waldo's life, and a brief bio- 
graphical sketch by his nephew, N. Deering, which was published in a 
Portland newspaper. Another, in the United States Nautical Magazine 
of 1846, by an unknown hand — and notices of him are to be found in 
all the American Cyclopaedias, and Dictionaries of American Biography 
— and in the National Portrait Gallery of Distinguished Americans. 

But two portraits of full size, for which he sat, are known to exist. 
The attitude in both is similar. Of these, the one in the possession 
of his grandson, Lt. Com. E. E. Preble, U. S. N., was considered by 
those who knew him living most intimately, to be the best. A good 
copy of it has been presented by his grandchildren to the Gallery of 
the Naval Academy at Annapolis. Another copy is in the parlor of 
the " Preble House " at Portland; and Mrs. Anderson, his grand- 
daughter, has a third. The other portrait, painted, it is believed, by 
Stuart, belongs to the city of Boston, and hangs in Faneuil Hall. It has 
been often engraved, and an engraving from it is attached to this 
memoir. Besides these, there is a miniature of the Commodore taken 
in Italy, in the possession of his family, which is not considered a good 
likeness — and the profile bust on the medal* presented by Congress, 
for which he is said to have sat. A similar profile in porcelain, per- 
hapfl cast from the die of the medal, is in the collection of the Naval 
Lyceum at the New York Navy Yard. 

The papers left by Cornmo. Preble, illustrating as they do quite 
fully the earliest years of our Naval History, are thought by judges 
to be of great value, and his grandchildren contemplate having them 
arranged and prepared for publication, that the future naval heroes of 
our country may better know what he did, and how great he was. 

His remains were firsl placed in the family vault of his wile's ances- 
tors, the Deerings, but after remaining there near forty years the; 

were removed to another t 1>, which had been prepared for them by his 

son, in the same old burial place, on Munjoy Hill, Portland, Me. The 
remains of his only son, with those ol'his long surviving widow, are now 
united in this same receptacle. A plain but massive white marble 

i iiiiiieiit has been placed over them, bearing on one of its faces this 

simple inscription : 


Captain I'mtku STATES Navy. 

Dim August 25, 1307, 

A '.CD 17. 

• This medal hai raved. Tho best engraving of tt was pabllahed la 

Graham' ace, and baa been nsed in other worka on the Navy, it 

i by the rating pro en on r the (nee of a bronse copy of till medal, ofwbion it 

Dalle. Tbe wood-cat attached t" (fail memoir, i- takes turn Loaamg*a 

of si. Wai of 1812, and is the fall aise of tbe medal. 

\y^- .^, VsJ ^^<v^&Yq$jt 



Only Child of Commodore Edward and Mary (Deering) Preble. 


Edward Deering Preble, the only child of Commodore Edward Preble, 
was bora at Portland, Me., on the anniversary of Washington's birth- 
day, Feb. 22, 1806, and was an infant only eighteen months old at the date 
of the Commodore's decease. In 1833 he married Miss Sophia Wattles, 
of Alexandria, D. C, and died of consumption at Portland, Me., at 
the family mansion, corner of Preble and Congress Streets, Feb. 12, 
1846, aged 39 years, 11 months, 20 days. His widow still survives 
him (1870). After the death of his mother, the mansion house was 
enlarged and converted into an hotel, in accordance with her wishes, and 
is now (1870) known as the " Preble House." 

An obituary notice of Edward Deering Preble, written by a family 
friend, the Hon. Charles S. Davies of Portland, appeared in the U. S. 
Nautical Magazine, soon after his death, which in a condensed form 
furnishes the material for the following sketch. 

His first instruction, preparatory to entering college, was at the old 
Portland Academy, under the tuition of its excellent preceptor, Bezaleel 
Cushman. It was the wish, as was so natural, of some of his father's 
friends, particularly those who had been under the Commodore's com- 
mand, that the son should enter the Navy, and he is said to have had 
a predilection for his father's profession ; their and his own wishes were 
however overruled, his fond mother would not consent to their gratifi- 
cation, and after a while he entered Bowdoin College, and graduated 
from it in 1825. At home he had been the playmate of Stephen and 
Henry W. Longfellow, his next door neighbors, and their school com- 
panion* ; so at college he was their classmate. His love of letters, and 
disposition for liberal pursuits, rather than for the drier and severer 
tasks of active life, and which his father favored the indulgence of, 
led him to foreign travel. He passed a considerable portion of his 
time abroad in Europe, gratifying an enlightened curiosity and cultivat- 
ed taste, informing his mind, and extending his general and literary 

* The friendship of the Prebles and Longfellows has been hereditary. The elder Stephen 
Longfellow and Brig. Preble were-fast friends, shown by the Brigadier's note on the occasion 
of his first wife's funeral (see page 43). His son the Hon. Stephen Longfellow and Captain 
Enoch Preble, if not close friends were something more than mere acquaintances. Here 
we see the two oldest sons of the Hon. Stephen — viz., Stephen, who married a daughter of 
Hon. William Pitt Preble, and Professor Henry W., keeping up the friendly relation with 
the son of Commodore Edward Preble ; and the descended friendship survives in the per- 
sons of my most esteemed and cherished friend, Alexander Wadsworth Longfellow, of the 
United States Coast Survey, the youngest son of the Hon. Stephen, and the writer of thia 
memorial volume. 


knowledge. lie spent some time at the principal seats of learning 
on the continent, especially at Gottengen, and visited those of Great 
Britain. In the course of these studies he mastered several foreign 
Ian "-nao-es, and became familiar with their treasures. His recollections 
loved to linger on the Rhine, in the vicinity of Heidelberg ; and to 
return to Rome, where in the renewal of former associates, with fresher 
impulses, he enjoyed the genius and teachings of Schlegel, upon those 
topics which were his perpetual delight, and which formed to his mind 
a rich and inexhaustible source of intellectual culture and gratification. 

After his return from Europe, he pursued the study of the law for a 
while, as a matter of general science and accomplishment, without any 
purpose of pursuing it as a profession. His social position was peculiar 
and distinguished, and he was soon chosen to command the Portland 
Rifle Corps, a volunteer military association, composed of the princi- 
pal young men of the place, and considered its crack corps, which 
Col. A. W. Atherton first raised on the eve of the war of 1812. He 
was frequently elected a member of the City Government, and became 
a Trustee and Director in the principal local literary institutions, 
which valued his services and mourned his loss. His fondness through 
life for literature was ardent and unabated ; and was fed by his con- 
stant avidity to possess himself of its finest productions as they ap- 
peared. He collected, at home and abroad, a choice and various 
library, which was ornamented with characteristic emblems of his 
father's services, tokens chiefly military, that he had received of his ex- 
ploits in the Mediterranean. 

Mr. Preble was on the point of completing a marble monument to 
the memory of his father, over his remains in the Eastern Cemetery on 
the side of Munjoy, when the filial office was arrested by his death. 

The subject of this brief memoir was possessed of jio ordinary 
endowments and accomplishments. He was a gentleman in every 
sense, of great courtesy and urbanity in his demeanor ; although rather 
Bhunning than seeking the intercourse of general society. He was not 
only distinguished by the acquirements he had made in those pursuits 
ti> which he was most devoted, but he was no less fond of promoting 
their cultivation and improvement in the daily paths of his fellow 
citizens, and among the rising youth of the community in which he 
took an assiduous interest. He was the object of high and affectionate 
1 to his friendSj and to those who had the best acquaintance with 
ilenl i and character, and enjoyed the most favorable opportunities 

of appreciating his native manliness, truth and worth ; as well as of 
witnessing his final patience, gentleness and submission. Sincere 
1 'mow followed him to that dark oblivious abode — 
"Where Mi alike in trembling hope repose." 


His remains were deposited in the tomb which he had prepared for 
his father. 

The Grandchildren of Commodore Edward Preble. 

Children of Edward Deering Preble and Sophia Wattles : — 

1. Mary, b. Sept. 10, 1834 ; d. Sept. 15, 1835 

2. Mary A., b. Dec. 19, 1835 ; m. Edgar Tucker, Sept. 9, 1857 ; has 

three children, viz. : one son and two daughters, and was living 
in Brooklyn, N. Y. (1870). 

3. Alice, b. Feb. 26, 1839 ; m. William Henry Anderson, Paymaster 

U. S. Navy, May 23, 1865 ; living in Portland (1870) ; and 
has one daughter. Mr. Anderson resigned his commission in 
the Navy, 1869.* 

4. Edward Earnest, b. Aug. 10, 1842 ; unm. 1870. Entered the U. S. 

Navy as a midshipman, Nov. 25, 1859 — was a midshipman, and 
acting Master and Navigator of the.U. S. Steam-Sloop Kear- 
sarge, Capt. John A. Winslow, on the occasion of her cele- 
brated conflict with the rebel cruiser "Alabama," when the 
latter was sunk. Was a Lieut, on board the Susquehanna, Com- 
modore Godon, at the capture of Fort Fisher, and promoted a 
Lieut. Commander, July 25, 1866. At present (1870) he is 
serving in the Pacific squadron, as the Executive Officer of the 

Great-Grandchildren of Commodore Edward Preble, U. S. Navy. 

Children of Mart A. Preble and Edgar Tucker : — 

1. Alice Preble Tucker, b. in Boston, April 12, 1859. 

2. Preble Tucker, b. in Boston, Oct. 31, 1860. 

3. Sallie Mcintosh Tucker, b. at Brooklyn Heights, New York, 

February 11, 1864. 

Children of Alice Preble and William Henry Anderson, U. S. N. : — 
1. Mary Preble Anderson, b. Nov. 22, 1868. 

* Mr. Anderson, the husband of Alice Preble, is the son of Hon. Ex-Governor Hugh J. 
Anderson, who was born 1801, in Maine, was a clerk of the Waldo County Court frqm 1827 
to 1837, and a Representative in Congress from Maine, from 1837 to 1841, and a member of 
the Committee on Naval Affairs. He is a lawyer by profession. Was Governor of Maine 
from 1844 to 1847 ; Commissioner of Customs in Washington, from 1853 to 1858 ; and for 
several years has been Sixth Auditor of the Treasury Department at Washington, D. C. 




Fourth Son bt the Second Marriage. 1763 — 1842. 
And his Descendants to 1870. 

AH G-ctl, tfi/T^-oO-d^ the fourth son of Brigadier-General 

Jedidiah Preble and Mehitable Bangs, 
born on Falmouth Neck, Mass., July 
2, 1763, was married by the Rev. Caleb Jewett* to Miss Sally Cross, f 
of Gorham, Me., the daughter of Deacon Thomas Cross and Lucy 
Hovey, Sept. 14, 1800, and died at Portland, Me., Sept. 28, 1842, 
aged 79 years, 2 mos. and 26 days. 

AlL //L/ Mrs. Preble survived her husband and 

y'H<V<4j died of apoplexy, June 20, 1848, aged 70 
years, 8 months and 28 days. Their re- 
mains were first interred in the Cross tomb, at the old burial place, 
in Portland, but were " tenderly " removed in 1868 by their surviving 
son, to Ever-green Cemetery, Westbrook, and a memorial stone erected 
over them. 

Capt. Preble was the next younger, and at his death the only sur- 
viving brother of Commodore Edward Preble, and the oldest ship- 
master out of Portland. He made his first voyage to sea when six- 
teen years old, in 1779, and his last and 27th voyage in 1824, when 
6ixty-one years of age, as appears from the following memorandum 
in his hand-writing, found among his papers. 

Memorandum of the different Voyages that I have been from my first 

going to Sea. 

1st voyage, 1779. From Portland to Dominica and back to Port- 
land, in the brig Union of 8 guns — Captain Henry Elwell. 8 weeks 
2 days voyage. 

* The Rev. Caleb Jewett was a native of Newburyport. Graduated at Dartmouth College, 
1776, and died at Gorham, April 16, 1802. He first preached in Gorham, 1781, and was 
regularly ordained Pastor of the Congregational Society Nov. 5, 1783. In Sept., 1800 (just 
Bbonl the time he officiated at the above marriage), after a long negotiation about the terms 
of his dismissal, his final separation from his people took place. He resigned his connection 
(in the condition of the town paying him a certain sum of money, and exempting his pro- 
perty from taxation for a specified number of years. When the town passed these votes 
and they were sent to Mr. Jewett, he sent a written reply to the Town Meeting, saying : 

•I accept your conditions and resign my ministerial office, and consider it my jubilee— 
MultumGoadlol Qnadlo Bfnlttunl bo subscribe myself as one worn out in the service of 
Uod and yours. Cai.eii Jewett." [Hon. Josiah Pierce's Hist, of Gorham, Ms.] 

The ROT. Caleb Jewett WM descended from Joseph Jewett, who came from Yorkshire, 
in England, and settled In Rowley, Mass.— Willis's History of Portland. 

t Pedigrees of the Cross, Bovey, Cox, Greenleaf, Gore and Harris, and other families con- 
nected by marriage with Bnoch Preble and his descendants, will be fonnd at the close of 

tin in' moii of Bna h Preble and his descend ml 

From a painting by C. O. Cole. 

Photo, by J. W. Black. 

\uiur a o isln ato \u/ u aex 

gigeb ZS. 

17 6 3 — 1 8 4 2. 


2d voyage, 1780. From Portland to the Havana and back to Port- 
land in the ship Fox, Capt. Joshua Stone, mounting 14 guns, in the 
year 1780. Made one prize, and were embargoed in Havana. 

3d voyage, 1781. From Portland to Martinique and from thence 
to Cadiz and back to Portland, in the brig Union, of 8 guns, Capt. 
Reuben Gage, in four months. 

4th voyage, 1783. From Portland to Martinique, to St. Kitts, to 
Cape Francoise and back to Boston in the ship Minerva, of 12 guns, 
Capt. Jacob Cole. Peace took place this voyage. 

5th voyage, 1786. From Portland to Trinidad and back to Port- 
land in sloop Active, Amos Greenleaf. 

6th voyage, 1787. From Portland to Trinidad, St. Eustasia, Mar- 
tinique, and back to Portland in the schooner Pallas, myself com- 
mander (aged 24 years). 

7th voyage, 1788. From Portland to St. Croix, Charleston and 
Savannah, and back to St. Croix, and return to Portland in the schr. 
Pallas, myself master. 

8th voyage, 1789. From Saco to Tenerifife, Cape de Verd Islands, 
St. Eustasia, and back to Saco, in the schooner Hector, owned by 
Matthew Cobb, myself master. 

9th voyage, 1790. From Portland to Bordeaux, in France, and to 
Savannah, in Georgia, in the brig Union, 2d, myself master. 

10th voyage, 1791. From Savannah to London, and back to Nor- 
folk, Virginia, in the brig Union, myself master. 

11th voyage. From Norfolk to Oporto in Portugal, and back to 
Norfolk, in the brig Union, myself master. 

12th voyage, 1792. From Norfolk to Rotterdam, in Holland, and 
back to Norfolk, and from thence to New York, and there sold the 
brig Union, and returned myself to Portland. 

13th voyage, 1793-94. From Portland to Charleston, S. C, in the 
new ship Commerce, and from thence to Portsmouth, in England, and 
from thence to Bordeaux, France, and from thence captured and car- 
ried to Halifax and back to Portland, myself master. 

14th voyage, 1795. From Boston to Senegal on the coast of Africa, 
from thence to the Cape de Verd Islands, and from thence to Goree, on 
the coast, and from thence to Boston, in the schooner Mermaid, Capt. 
Joseph Price, myself supercargo, 

15th voyage, 1796. From Boston to Senegal and Goree, and back 
to Boston, in the schooner Rambler, myself master. 

16th voyage, 1797. From Boston to Hispaniola and back to Bos- 
ton, in the schooner Hero, myself master. 

17th voyage, 1799. From Boston to Gibraltar and Malaga, and 
back to Boston, in the ship Caroline, 12 guns, 26 men, myself master ; 
made the passage from Boston to an anchor at Gibraltar in 21 da}'s. 


18th voyage, 1800. From Boston to Gibraltar and Leghorn, and 
from thence to Gibraltar and back to Boston, in the ship Caroline,* 
myself master. 

19th voyage, 1801. From Boston to Senegal, and from thence to 
Liverpool (England), and back to Boston, in the brig Apollo, nn*self 

20th voyage, 1803-4. From Boston to Ilavre de Grace (France),! 
from thence to London, and from thence to Senegal and back to Lon- 
don, and return to Boston, in the brig Charles, myself master. 

21st voyage, 1805. From Boston to Senegal and back, in the brig-* 
antine Favorite, myself master. 

22d voyage, 1816-17. From Charleston to Liverpool and Havre 
de Grace and Baltimore, in the ship Numa.* 

23d voyage, 1817. — In the brig Valiant of North Yarmouth, bound \ 
to Matanzas, was cast away on Key Blanco, about 40 miles from Ma- 
tanzas, 21 days out from Portland, saved ten thousand dollars in gold! 
and our clothes and bedding, but lost the vessel and came to Bostoa 
in the brig Moro, Capt. Eliphalet Greely. 

24th voyage, 1820. From Portland to the Bay of Honduras and 
back to Portland, in the schooner Solon. 

25th voyage, 1822. From Portland to Surinam in the brig Francis 
and back to Portland. 

26th voyage, 1823. From Portland to the Bay of Honduras in the 
brig Favorite, a passenger, and back to Portland in the brig Wash- 
ington. (I went out to settle Capt. Shaw's estate at $100 per month 
and all expenses paid.) 

27th voyage, 1824. From Portland to the Coast of Africa in the 
schooner Reporter two twelve pounders, and back to Portland, myself 

During all these voyages, one man was lost overboard, one died at 
sea, two died on board at Senegal, one died in the Havana and one at 
Liverpool, and these six were all that died belonging to any v. ssel I 
have ever sailed in. Enoch Prebu:. 

* The following poetical advertisement and certificate, in his hand writing, have lvfcr- 
ence to liis twciity-M.ii md royage in the Noma, in 1816-17: 

Wot LlTorpool direct tin- ihlp (Tama i- bound, 
BaUi remarkable nut, and li trerj well (bund; 
\\ iih eablei and anchors, « ttb tinging ami Mils, 
Ainl tn till op tin' ship, wants three hundred bales. 
For postage or freight in the Master apply, 
\i I ii/ >i in moil -' south Wharf where the Numa doth Hi", 
< >r to Mr. John Store] , « I ■ oompting room '- nigh. r. r. 

Certificate to tin' Btevedorc who stowed the cargo of the Noma, at Charleston, South 

Curolina, 1817. 

This may certify that Tony smith hai rtowed 

dp Numa with ootton and oedar her load. 
And i" nn latlafaetlon -what can I mi motel 
Only fonj Is steady and a good Steredore. r. r. 


The following fragments from his diary on his twentieth voyage, are, 
with his memorandum of these voyages, all that now exists, in his 
handwriting, relative to them, excepting his correspondence with the 
owners of the vessels he commanded. 

Saturday, 6 August, 1803. — At 5 A.M., set off on the diligence from 
Havre for Paris, in company with Charles Fox, brother Henry and 
Henry Oxnard. Breakfasted at Burbeck, a small village about four 
leagues from Havre, and dined at Yoetot, another village ; and arrived 
at Rouen at 6 o'clock in the evening. Rouen is situated on-the river 
"Seine, and a considerable town. There are many cotton manufactories 
in this place, and it is nearly half way to Paris. We supped and 
lodged at Rouen, and set off at half past three in the morning and 
arrived at Paris at half past eight in the evening. For forty-two miles 
before you reach Paris, the road is paved with square stone, and each 
stone is said to have cost the government ten pence sterling. The 
country from Havre to Paris is very highly cultivated, and every acre 
of ground from Havre to Rouen, above sixty English miles, is planted 
with wheat, barley, oats, beans, &c., and a great plenty of orchards. 
. There is not a single fence to separate the farms. The cattle and 
"horses are all put out to graze under the care either of men or women, 
whose business it is to take care that they do not trespass upon their 
neighbors' lands. There are also shepherds to tend the sheep. We 
saw but few birds of any kind except crows and magpies, and these 
not plenty. 

We took our lodgings in Paris at the Hotel de L'Europe, in Rue de 
la Loi, near the Frascati Gardens, where the most genteel people in 
Paris take their evening walk. The gardens are handsomely illuminated 
twice a week, a band of music is engaged for the entertainment of 
! the company, and no money is required for admission, but a person 
' must be genteelly dressed or he will be refused admittance. The 
profits only arise from the sale of their ice creams and other refresh- 
ments. We had ices made up in the form of Peaches, Apricots, Lemons, 
Strawberries, &c., and the} r charged for them one livre each. There 
I are eighteen theatres in Paris. The stated fare for coaches is thirty 
sous from one part of the city to another, that is to the first place you 
stop and get out at, unless you agree by the hour. The price per 
hour is two livres for the first hour, and thirty sous every hour after- 
wards. They dare not receive more as a fare, but you may make the 
coachman a present of a few sous, as it is customary. All strangers 
going to Paris, must have a passport from the Prefect or Mayor of the 
place he goes from, and the day after he arrives he must go to the 
Police office to get his passport to stay in Paris, and if he should ex- 
ceed a month he must have his pass renewed or be in danger of being 


put in prison. The square of the Tuilleries is where the battle of the 
10th of August, 1792, was fought. There have been, great improve- 
ments upon this square within these two years. In front of the Pal- 
ace of the Tuilleries there is an iron picket fence, gilded at the top, 
and upon each side of the gate are four elegant horses in bronze gilt, 
which Bonaparte brought from Venice.* This square was begun in 
the year 1564, and finished in 1600, and improvements made in 1664, 
by Louis XIV. The First Consul resides in this Palace. The gar- 
den of the. Tuilleries is one of the most regular and the handsomest of 
any in Europe. It is embellished with rows of trees which are about 
twelve feet high, and set in large boxes of earth, for the convenience 
of moving into the Green-Houses in winter. There are also rows of 
Elms and Horse Chesnuts. There are four ponds of water, circular in 
form, with their sides built up with square stone set in lime. They 
are supplied with water by aqueducts, there is a fountain in the 
centre of each pond, and in one of them are four beautiful Swans, 
lately presented to Bonaparte at Amiens, and also numerous gold and 
silver fishes. There are a great number of statues, both marble and 
bronze. Here is to be seen a great deal of genteel company, which 
resort here in the heat of the day in summer, for the benefit of shade 
and cool air. There are a great many chairs which are kept by old 
women, who let them at two sous each for as long as you have a 
mind to sit down. A little without the gates is the Place where the 
King, Queen and all the nobility were beheaded. 

August llth. I went to see the Pantheon, and ascended to the top 
of the dome, which is about two hundred and fifty French feet in 
height, and has between four and five hundred steps. You have from 
it a prospect of all Paris and the country around as far as the eye can 
extend. I went below, and saw the tombs of Voltaire and Rousseau, 
and of two Generals killed during the revolution. The vault where 
these tombs are, is paved and kept always whitewashed, both the floor 
and walls, and is quite light. You pay the person who conducts you 
about two livres. The same day went to see the manufacture of 
Gobelin's tapestry. It took its name from two celebrated dyers born 
in Rheims. The number of workmen employed is ninety, who con- 
sidering their extraordinary performances, and the rich illusion of 
their figures, gain but a very poor existence, not upon an average 
more than three shillings and sixpence sterling per day. It takes two 
men four years to finish one picture. Their work is to copy from 
paintings into tapestry, either in worsted or in silk. Worsted is 

♦ Since rc-torcd to Venice, and placed over the graud entrance to St. Marks, where I saw 
tbtm i„ 1837. O. H . P> 


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esteemed the best, as the colors stand better. Thej are so nicely 
imitated that at a small distance it is difficult to distinguish them from 
real paintings of a superior kind. There are some that have been 
worked nearly three hundred years in worsted, and the colors are 
still bright. From this place went to the Champ de Mars — a 
spacious plain capable of containing a large array. A whole army is 
sometimes paraded there. It is surrounded with rows of stately elms, 
and is kept clean ; you will scarcely see a blade of grass on this plain. 
From this we went to the Hospital of Invalids. Five courts compose 
this majestic building, erected by Louis XIV. It is a very comfort- 
able asylum for those superannuated and wounded soldiers who have 
bled in the service of their country. There is a library lately presented 
by Bonaparte for the amusement of the officers and soldiers supported 
in this Hospital. The different apartments are neat and commodious. 
Eighteen hundred standards are displayed in the Temple, all taken 
during the late war. 

There are in Paris a great many Public Baths, both warm and cold, 
for which you pay to bathe from twenty sous to three livres, and from 
four to ten sous to the servants for clean cloths. The best bath in 
Paris is the Chinese. A. servant attends with warm clean cloths when 
you come out of the water. The bath is lined with clean cloth for 
every person that bathes. 

Went to the Garden of Plants and Museum. They are open on 
Tuesdays and Fridays, and no money is demanded for admittance ; any 
person, decently dressed, may go in and view the curiosities. These 
gardens contain almost every kind of plant in the world. In the mid- 
dle of the garden there is a large pond encompassed with iron railings, 
where is kept a variet} r of curious Geese, Swans, Brants, Ducks, &c. 
&c. There are apartments in the garden for wild beasts and birds. 
I saw Wolves and Foxes, the White and the Black Bear, the Panther, 
Tiger and Tigress, Lion and Lioness, and a Lioness and Dog together. 
The Hyena, Civit Cat, Tiger Cat, the Linnet from Tunis, the Bouche 
presented by an American Captain, Baboons, Monkeys, Vultures, the 
Elephant, very large, a White Camel, two Dromedaries, a White 
Goat, the Kangaroo male and female, from New Holland, the Ostrich 
and a Cassowary. In the museum is a great collection of petrifac- 
tions of fishes, wood, &c. &c, also a variety of curious reptiles, fishes, 
Insects, &c, in high preservation, also Birds and Beasts of almost 
every description, stuffed and with eyes, and so natural as to look as 
if they were alive. Among the beasts are the Elephant, Khinoceros, 
and the Gameleopardus, an animal that carries his head almost ten 
feet high — it has a short body, and long neck and forelegs, and short 


hind legs. In this museum are all kinds of precious stones, marbles 
of every kind, and woods of all kinds highly polished. 

Sunday, August 147/i. Went out to St. Germains about twelve miles 
from Paris, the road is paved all the way. I stopped to see the water 
works at Morlaix, which supplies the waterworks at Versailles. This 
machine raises the water from the river Seine, over the heights of 
BCorlaix, about two hundred and fifty feet, and is conducted through 
iron pipes about two and a half leagues to Versailles. Arrived at St. 
Germain about 12 o'clock, and in the evening took a walk on the ter- 
race, where I had a delightful prospect of the river Seine and the 
country, and beautiful seats. Here is the forest where the King used 
to hunt, and there is an old palace now occupied by soldiers. 

August 15, 1803. Returned to Paris. This is the birthday of Bona- 
parte, and the day that he restored the Roman Catholic Religion to 
France. In the evening the Palace of the Tuilleries and its gardens 
were illuminated. I suppose there was about 200,000 lamps lighted, 
and nearly 100,000 people, men, women and children, in the gardens 
to view it. Bonaparte and wife showed themselves to the people from 
the Palace. 

The road from Paris towards Bordeaux is paved for sixty leagues 
with stones about a foot square. The expense of travelling from 
Havre to Paris by diligence, everything included, is about fifty livres 
or ten dollars. The streets in Paris are not the cleanest I ever saw, 
and they are very narrow, and there is a continual passing of coaches 
and other carriages, so that you are in danger of being run over if 
you do not keep a good lookout. Previous to the Revolution there 
was in Paris 28,000 licensed wheel carriages ; the horses are very 
large and handsome. The cows have all got small crumpled horns 
ami are large. ********* 

November 22, 1803. On board the brig Charles from London bound 
to Senegal, about 12 at noon we experienced a very heavy gale of 
wind at W. S. W. Lying to, could not carry any sail, and only 12 
miles S. W. by S. from the Scilly rocks aud islands as per distance 
mads on the chart. At 2 P.M. the wind fortunately hauled round to 
W. N. W. and N. W. Wore ship and lay to with ship's head to S. W. 
At midnight it moderated and made sail on our course. We ex- 
pected if the -ale had continued at \\ r . S. W. six hours longer to have 
been driven upon the Scilly Rocks. 

December :;, 1803. At G in the morning we found ourselves within 
two or three miles <»i Palma, one of the Canary [elands, and becalmed, 

with a heavy sea setting directly on it; but at 7 o'clock fortunately 

l«»r us a lighl breese Bprang up from the westward, which enabled ns to 
gain off from it. At i a.m., the wind died away and sprang up from the 


E. S. E., and at 8 we was to the westward of it (Palma). Dry hazy 
weather ; could not see the land more than six miles, although Palma 
is exceedingly high land. 

Capt. Preble was one of the original members of the Portland Marine 
Society, organized in 1796, and from 1810 to 1841, a period of thirty- 
one years, he was annually elected its president. He declined a 
re-election in 1841, on account of age and ill health.* 

In 1825, he was chosen President of the Portland Nautical Society, 
ah association of Shipmasters for social enjoyment and professional 
improvement. This institution was, however, short lived, chiefly from 
the difficulty of drawing its members together, in consequence of the 
activity with which they were pursuing their profession. 

He was also a life member of the Portland Benevolent Society. He 
was initiated into the third degree of masonry by the Portland (Mass.) 
Lodge, April 19, 5797, and was an honorary member of the Ancient 
Landmark Lodge. f He was also mainly instrumental in the estab- 
lishment of the Cumberland Agricultural and Horticultural Society, 
was one of its original members, its Secretary, and a petitioner for its 
incorporation, and elected its first Vice President. 

In 1812, he was chosen one of the Representatives from Portland to 
the Massachusetts State Legislature, and was the last survivor of 
the seven who composed the delegation. J In 1813, he was re-elected 
to the same office, and served on several important committees. In 

* To the Members of the Portland Marine Society, Dec. 21, 1841. 

'Tis forty-five years this present December, 
Since of your society I first was a member, 
And by your records it plainly appears 
You've elected me your President thirty-one years. 
I return you my thanks for these honors conferred 
For no doubt in my duties I oft times have erred — 
And hope in your choice for the ensuing year, 
You will elect some other and let me go clear; 
(For the same reason, our Collector I'm told, 
» Would not give me an office [ i. e.] because I'm too old.) 

Your meeting this evening I cannot attend 
Being quite ill in health — so this letter I send — 
And wishing you all, health, happiness and prosperity, am 
Very respectfully, 

Your much honored and obedient servant, 

Enoch Preble. 

f Brother Enoch Preble : — Cumberland Hall, August 5, 5818. 

At a regular meeting of Ancient Landmark Lodge, July 1, 5818, you were unanimously 
elected an Honorary Member thereof. As such you are exempt from all expense, and en- 
titled to the privileges belonging to membership. 

Your attendance at our meetings is respectfully requested. By your presence the young- 
er members of our craft will be animated to exertion, and we trust that your experience and 
knowledge will ever be communicated in promoting the cause of morality, religion and 
masonry. John P. Boyd, Secretary. 

% George Bradbury, Joseph H. Ingraham, Isaac Adams, Enoch Preble, Richard Hunne- 
well, "William Crabtree and James Neal, were the seven. 


1825, he was appointed an Inspector of the United States Customs at 
Portland, and retained that office for four years — being removed, from 
political considerations, on the election of Andrew Jackson as President 
of the U. S. In 1833, he was chosen City Marshal of Portland, and 
for six years, with one intermission, received the re-appointment. 

Throughout his public life he was characterized by prudence and 
discretion, and gave general. satisfaction. He was a faithful servant 
to the public ; his endeavors always seemed to be the welfare and 
happiness of those around him. In public improvements he ever felt 
a deep interest. When the Light-Houses around Portland were built, 
his services and experience were greatly beneficial in selecting suitable 
sites and in seeing that they were properly constructed. In the con- 
struction of the Portland breakwater, his suggestions were invaluable. 
He is reputed to have designed the present city seal of Portland, a 
phoenix rising from the fire, supported by two dolphins. 

Capt. Preble was always temperate both in his manner of living 
and in his general habits. During a life protracted beyond the years 
allotted to man, he had never been confined to his bed from sickness 
three days, previous to his last illness. He himself attributed his 
remarkable exemption from ill health (subject as he had been, a 
traveller by land and sea, to the vicissitudes of climates and seasons) 
to an originally strong and healthy constitution, backed and supported 
by his temperate and regular habits. He lived to be the last surviving 
member of his father's family, which, in his youth, had numbered 
nineteen, and at the date of his death he was the oldest native born 
resident of Portland. 

The Marine Society, of which he had been so long an honored member, 
attended his funeral in a body, and preceded the hearse to the grave, 
wearing the usual badges of mourning for a deceased brother, and his 
remains were followed by a large concourse of sorrowing friends and 
citizens. The bells of the city were tolled, the flags of all the 
shipping in harbor, and the Bethel flag were displayed at half-mast, 
ami the afternoon was observed as one of sorrow and mourning for a 
valued friend and citizen. All the city papers contained memorial 
notices, Bhowing the esteem and respect in which he had been held. 

The Portland Tribune, a literary journal, edited by D. C. Coles- 
wortby, remarked : — 

"The removal by death of such a man as Captain Enoch Preble, 
demand-; more than a passing notice. One who has filled so large ■ 

place in our community for nearly eighty years — a native of our city — 
a kind friend a generous neighbor — a useful citizen — deserves a 
panegyric from an abler pen than oars. Put we feel that we have 
! natty suffered a 1m S s, as well as the community at large. We 


miss the familiar countenance — the pleasant voice — the cheerful, 
animated conversation. As Capt. Preble was one with us, in heart 
and life, in soul and purpose — ever active to do good and communicate 
to his juniors — how could we but love him ? How can we but miss 
him ? We moisten his memory with a tear, and by this feeble tribute 
add our testimony to his worth. ****** 
But he has left us, and his generous deeds will not soon be forgotten. 
He was an agreeable friend and a sociable companion to men of all 
ages, colors and conditions. * * * * During his sickness num- 
bers of the poor called to see him — or inquire for his health — manifest- 
ing great solicitude for his welfare. When too exhausted to converse, 
he permitted them to enter his chamber to take their last look of an 
affectionate friend. Death came not to him an unwelcome guest. He 
was prepared for it. He had lived to a good old age — and 

' The calm of that old, reverend brow, the glow 
Of its thin silver locks, was like a flash 
Of sunlight in the pauses of a storm' — 

and he felt that it was time for him to depart. The consolations of 
religion supported him in the trying scene. He had spent a long life 
in endeavoring to do good ; he had accomplished all in his power and 
was ready for the tomb. He retained his senses to the last, and died 
with the prospect of a blessed immortality before him. 

" We are sad when our fathers are thus removed — when the faces 
with which we have been familiar from childhood are forever taken 
from our sight. But when a glorious name is left behind — when gen- 
erous deeds shine through a long life, as incentives to our perseverance 
in the like path of virtue — to attain a like reward — how blessed to re- 
flect on the end of such individuals ! What consolation and support 
to the stricken heart ! We miss our aged friend, but we mourn not 
his departure. He has won his crown — and we can truly say, in the 
beautiful language of Bryant — 

' Why mourn ye that our aged friend is deal ? 

Ye are not sad to see the gather'd grain ; 

Nor when their mellow fruit the orchards cast ; 

Nor when the yellow woods shake down the ripen'd mast. 

Ye sigh not when the sun, his course fulfill'd — 

His glorious course rejoicing earth and sky — 

In the soft evening when the winds are still'd, 

Sinks where the islands of refreshment lie, 

And leaves the smile of his departure, spread 

O'er the warm color'd heaven, and ruddy mountain head. 

Why weep ye then for him, who having run 

The bound of man's appointed years, at last, 

Life's blessings all enjoyed, life's labors done, 

Serenely to his final rest has passed ? 

While the soft memory of his virtues, yet 

Lingers like twilight hues, when the bright sun is set.'" 


The Portland Transcript, another literary paper, edited by C. P. 
Ilsley, contained the following notice of his death : 

"Captain Enoch Preble. In our obituary record the name of this 
gentleman will be found. Capt. Preble was one of our oldest and 
most respected citizens. During along life — drawn out beyond the 
ordinary years allotted to man's existence — a life which had been sub- 
jected to many vicissitudes — he sustained a character of spotless in- 
tegrity. Iligh-minded and honorable in all his relations, he went to 
the grave, in the fulness of years, bearing with him the respect of all. 
***** ** **** 

" Capt. Preble possessed a very observing mind, and it was no 
ordinary pleasure to sit and hear him relate incidents connected with 
his visits to far countries and the manners and customs of the different 
people with whom he had come in contact. With a rich store of 
information on almost all subjects, and with a readiness to impart from 
his knowledge, he proved not only an agreeable, but an instructive 
companion. He loved to talk of the past, as do most men who have 
experienced much of the vicissitudes of life. During his last sickness 
he reviewed all his past career — even to the scenes of his boyhood, 
and remarked, that it had been his endeavor through life to do all the 
good he could both at home and abroad, and when he had nothing else 
to offer he gave advice. 

" His disposition was very social, and he retained his interest in 
everything and everybody to the last. The week he died, it being 
mentioned that some one had inquired for and wished to see him — 
'Tell them,' said he, 'I can see my friends if they wish, but cannot 
speak to them.' 

" Speaking of his age not long since, ho said he could not expect to 
last much longer — three score years and ten was the time allotted to 
man, and lie was living on nine years borrowed lime. And yet 

'Though old, he still retained 

His manly sense, and energy of mind. 
Virtuous and wise he was, bnt n<>t severe; 
He Mill remember'd that he once was young.' 

"Capt. Preble was the last surviving member of his family. His 
father, mother, Bisters, brothers, ancles, aunts, and cousins, all had 
gone before him — his own children, nephews and nieces only remain- 
ing, The summons thai called him hence was not an unwelcome one. 
Be expected it, and was willing and ready to obey it. Through life 
he had enjoyed an extraordinary degree of health, until the last year, 

when he was subjected to a painful disease, which he bore with great 
fortitude and resignation." ******* 


The Portland Advertiser, the Whig journal of 'the City, copied the 
obituary from the Trancript, and remarked, " We are under obliga- 
tions to the editor of the Portland Transcript, for the feeling and 
elegant tribute which he has paid to our highly respected fellow- 
citizen, lately deceased. We were intending to record a similar 
memorial in our own paper, which has been delayed only from our 
want of acquaintance with facts which he has supplied. We have 
melancholy pleasure in adding our testimony to the long displayed 
virtues of this excellent and useful man." 

The other newspapers, religious and secular, contained notices more 
or less full and eulogistic ; and on the day of the funeral, an 
unknown friend — probably a political opponent — contributed to the 
Democratic organ, the Eastern Argus, the following beautiful tribute 
to his memory : — 

" This day is one, to a certain extent, of mourning among the citi- 
zens of Portland. One of its oldest and most venerable inhabitants is 
about being consigned to his last resting place. We allude to Capt. 
Enoch Preble, one well known in the community generally, but more 
particularly among the citizens of Portland. We have remarked 
(and with pain) that the dead — whatever may have been their superior 
qualities of mind — are generally soon forgotten by the busy world ; 
but we hope, and we speak with deep feeling, that the memory of this 
man may long be respected by those that shall remain upon the stage 
of action. 

" We are one of those that love to study the man in his social walk, 
without reference to the public acts of his life. We are one of those 
who have been long acquainted with Capt. Preble. To us he has ever 
appeared a commanding link between by gone da} 7 s and those in which 
we live. We happened a few days since to call upon a friend who 
has for a long time been secluded from the world on account of ill 
health ; and it is rather difficult to interest him while in conversation 
upon anj r topic. We happened to mention the situation of Captain 
Preble, with the near prospect of his death. Our friend at once became 
interested, and went into numerous details of little occurrences which 
transpired in his more youthful and boyish days, in connection with 
this venerable man. We here touched upon a cord, which vibrated 
with a kindlier feeling towards Capt. Preble, in the breast of the inva- 
lid. He was always remarkable for his sociability with the rising 
generation.* Such men we love, who can step aside from the cold 

* A valued friend said to me that the last time he remembered seeing Capt. Preble, he was 
putting down cockles and small shell-fish at the breakwater, which he had brought from 
the Portland light-house, hoping, he said, they would propagate and increase, and furnish 
bait for the boys and fishermen who came after him. 


formality of general society, and answer the queries of the young mind 
even upon seemingly unimportant subjects. Nor was Capt. Preble the 
man who selected his youthful acquaintance from any particular grade 
of society. I have often found him engaged with the little ragged 
urchin, instructing him in the art of angling, and half an hour after- 
wards he was to be seen in the flower garden, pointing out the dif- 
ferent kind of flowers to some of the accomplished young ladies of this 
city. His entire mind seemed ever intent upon conveying something 
new to those with whom he associated. Nearly a century of time has 
gone, since he first began the journey of life, and hence his remark- 
able strong memory of the occurrences of the past, connected with his 
sociable disposition, rendered him an entertaining and instructive 
companion in every department of society. We say, as we have said 
before, that we love such men— they are useful ' in their day and 
generation,' and well were it for society at large, that we had many 
such in the community. Men, even those possessing to a certain ex- 
tent kindred dispositions to that of Capt. Preble, are apt to closet the 
treasures of their minds for the few. Age is ever respected in our 
communities, especially when connected with a virtuous life ; and all 
are alike interested in the benefits to be derived from the conversa- 
tion and experience of our old men. Let our venerable men come 
among the community that now is, and assume that exterior which 
they wear in the more limited walks of life — and it will tell well for 
our day and those that shall come. And again their memories will 
live in after years, when they shall be gathered to their Fathers, in the 
room of being flung aside by the great mass and forgotten. We feel 
that wc do not ' speak without book,' when we say, the old men do 
not exert that influence which they might upon the morals of the 

" But we have already written more than we anticipated, when wc 
sat down. Circumstances having combined to prevent us from attend- 
ing Capt. Preble's funeral, wc have in a hasty manner committed a 
few of our thoughts to your keeping, gentlemen, and is it too much to 
ask of you whose business in the main is politics, at times to step 
aside and give us through your press some of your own thoughts upon 
the subject upon which we have bo imperfectly treated. We do not 
profess t.i he a writer upon any of the important topics which may be 
interesting to th" public, hut we would ever love to see justice done 
to the memories of our old men, when they are laid in their last rest- 
in-- places. 
" September 80ft, 18J'2." 


Children of Capt. Enoch and Sally (Cross) Preble : — 

1. Eben Preble, eldest son of Capt. Enoch and Sally Preble, was 
born at Portland, Maine, Sunday morning, October 10, 1802, 
and was married at Salem, Mass., on the 20th of June, 1829, 
by the Eev. Charles W. Upham, to Miss Agnes Deborah 
Taylor Archer, daughter of Samuel Archer 3d and Deborah 
McNutt, and the adopted daughter of General Amos Hovey, 
of Salem. He died of consumption at Gorham, Me., January 
IT, 1845, aged 42 years, 8 months and 7 days. 
His widow, who is now living (1810) in Gorham, was married, May 
15, 1849, to Joseph Barbour, Esq., of Gorham, who died June, 1854, 
aged 77 years.* 

Eben Preble was at one time a member of the Portland Rifle Com- 
pany, and later in life held for several years, until exempted from 
military duty, a commission as Paymaster in the Militia of the State, 
with the rank of Major. He also had charge of the Post-Office at 
Gorham — and was the Town Clerk for four years, viz. : 1837 and '38, 
1843 and '44 ; and held other offices of trust and honor. 

Leaving school when only twelve years old he entered the shop of 
his relative, William Oxnard, a dry goods merchant of Portland, as a 
clerk, and remained in his employ about two years, when he engaged 
in the same capacity with Mr. Eliphalet Smith, who kept shop on 
Exchange St. He continued with him some time, and then went to 
William W. Thomas, on the same street, whom he ultimately bought 
out'and succeeded in that business. At one time he was in partnership 
with Mr. James Head. He continued in the dry goods business either 
at Portland or in Gorham, until his death. 

The eminently marked traits of Eben Preble's character, exhibited 
in his earlier years, and throughout his life, were truthfulness and a 
sterling probity in every sense in which that word is used. When he 

* John Barbour, Senior, the ancestor of Joseph, was of Scotch descent ; he came from 
York to Falmouth, Me., in 1716, and was drowned in 1719. His son John, 2d, came to Fal- 
mouth a year earlier with his son Hugh. He had several children after his removal to 
Falmouth, viz. : — Adam, Mary, Ann and Hannah, born between 1719 and 1728. In 1736, 
Hugh Barbour married Mary, daughter of Joseph Bean, who was also of Scottish descent. 
Joseph Bean Barbour, son of Hugh and Mary (Bean) Barbour, lived on the lot granted to 
his grandfather John, in" 1721, on Middle St., opposite to what is now the Canal bank build- 
ing, Portland, and on which there was erected for several yeai-s a large brick building called 
" The Barbour Block," which was destroyed in the great fire of 1866. New buildings have 
since been erected on the site. Joseph Bean Barbour died in 1795, by falling from a build- 
ing on which he was at work, aged 58, leaving four children, viz., three daughters, two of 
whom, Annie and Harriet, married Mark Walton ; and the third, Capt. Andrew Scott, 
Senior ; and one son, Joseph, who married Mrs. Preble, and was the last survivor of his 
family. He died as above, leaving a daughter by a former marriage, Lucy E, Barbour, 
who resides with her step-mother in Gorham. 


was but six years of age, he accompanied his father from Portland to 
Boston in a one horse chaise. His father seeing some apple trees 
whose branches hung over a wall by the roadside, gathered some of 
the tempting fruit, and offered it to him ; but little Eben would not 
touch one, saying the apples did not belong to him, they were God's 

In early life he showed an inherited taste for drawing, particularly 
ships, but the talent was never cultivated. He also had a great pre- 
dilection for the sea, and was interested in everything that represent- 
ed a boat, but his father discouraged this fancy and he became a 

Eben Preble had two daughters, one of whom died young, the other 
survives and is living with her mother in Gorham. 
2. Adeline Preble, the eldest daughter and second child of Enoch 
and Sally Preble, was born at Portland, Sunday morning, 
September 1, 1805, and was- married, by the Rev. Ichabod 
Nichols, D.D., to John, a son of Josiah Cox,* of Portland, 
and Susan Greenleaf,* Nov. 4, 1835. John Cox was a 
widower ; his first wife was Thankful Harris Gore,* of Boston, 
by whom he had three sons and three daughters. One of 
the daughters married George Henry, a brother of his second 
wife. By her marriage Adeline Preble has had three daugh- 
ters, two of whom are living. 
Mrs. Cox has been connected as pupil or teacher with the Sun- 
day School of the First Parish (Unitarian) at Portland, since, ii 
was organized, a period of over forty years, and has received many 
gratifying tokens of esteem and remembrance from her pupils. She 
says of this connection herself: "It is so many long years since 
I entered the Sabbath School that I do not remember, but feel like 
Topsy that ' I spec I growed there.' I have been a teacher, with the 
exception of a few intervals, for over thirty years. I deserve no 
credit for it, for it has been one of my greatest pleasures, and my 
efforts have been nothing compared with the compensation I have 
received in the appreciativeness and affection of the dear young friends 
who have received instruction. My labor of love has been amply 

Her judgment, skill, tender care and cheerful nursing in the sick 
rooms of those she loved, have been ever ready, and will lung bo 
remembered and appreciated, and by some who owe their li\<- to 
her devoted care can never be forgotten. 

• 8cc Notes on Cox,, Banisand Gore families, at the end of tins Memoir of 
Captain Enoch Preble ami his descendants. 


The energy and cheerfulness with which she has thus far gone 
through life, considering her frail organization and imperfect health, 
are remarkable. Delicacy forbids more. 

In a note written Dec. 31, 1869, she says : " This morning the 
weather is delightful ; a pleasant change from the dull rainy season. I 
hope to-morrow may be as pleasa'nt, as a bright omen for the coming 
year. I can hardly realize that this has passed, having arrived at that 
period of life when 'the stage horses are exchanged for the locomo- 
tive.' So it is with us — first the hand carriage pushed by others, then 
the one we drive ourselves, then Father Time's coachman whips us 
along, and then we steam faster and faster to the close of our journey." 

May she long live in a cheerful and contented old age, to be a con- 
tinued blessing to herself and others, until, using the words of one of 
her own tributes to a friend — 

" The soul's flowers from earth are riven, 
For higher culture and rich bloom in heaven, 
And loving eyes who tended them while here, 
Yield them for fonder care in Heaven's parterre." 

3. Ellen Bangs Preble, youngest daughter and third child of Capt. 

Enoch Preble and Sally Cross, was born at Portland, Me., 

Friday morning, March 18, 1808, and died unmarried, of 

pneumonia and paralysis of the head, at the residence of her 

brother George Henry, in Charlestown, Mass., at 1.20 P.M., 

Thursday (Thanksgiving day), Nov. 28, 1867, aged 59 years, 

8 months and 10 days. Her mortal remains were conveyed 

to Portland, Me., and interred in the Evergreen Cemetery, at 


In early life she was a bright and sprightly little girl, but when about 

eight years old she became unfortunately quite deaf, the cause of 

which was never ascertained. This deafness increased with her years, 

and almost excluded her from the enjoyments of social intercourse. 

She felt the infirmity as a mortification which occasioned her to draw 

upon her own resources for amusement. She became an exquisite 

worker with her needle and at embroidery ; and inheriting the family 

taste for drawing and painting, some of her pencilled drawings and 

flower paintings are exquisitely beautiful. For several years she was 

a successful teacher of lead pencil drawing and fruit and flower paint* 

ing in Portland. She also painted in oils to a limited extent. Her 

sister says : " Her taste for drawing was manifested as soon as her 

little hands could hold the brush and pencil, and day after day was 

passed in this enjoyment, which afterwards became almost a passion, 

and gave pleasure to herself and friends. The last completed work 


from her hands was a beautifully pencilled wreath of morning glories 
for her niece, in allusion to which, her sister writes : 

" One blessing taken, many talents given, 
Improved — not lost, nor from her sadly riven. 
And ere she laid the brush and pallet down, 
She wreathed the morning glories for her crotcn." 

4. George Henry Preble, the youngest child of Captain Enoch 
Preble and Sally (Cross) Preble, was born at the homestead* 
on Thames St., Portland, Me., Sunday morning, Feb. 25, 1816. 
He was married Nov. 18, 1845, by the Rev. Ichabod Nichols, 
D.D.,f to Susan Zabiah, daughter of John CoxJ and Thankful 
flams (Gore) Cox, of Portland. 
The early education of George Henry Preble was obtained princi- 
pally at the public schools of Portland. § Leaving school and regular 
instruction before he had arrived at the age of fourteen, in 1829, he 
was employed as a clerk by Mr. Samuel Colman, and his successors, 
Colman, Ilolden & Co., in their bookstore on Exchange St., until May, 
1831, when he was required by his father to assist him in the same 
capacity in the retail West India goods and grocery business. His 
father's enterprise proving unprofitable, was abandoned in 1834, 
when Mr. Preble came to Boston and engaged as a clerk on a 
salary of $500 per annum, with his first employer, Mr. Samuel Colman, 

* See page 50 for a description of this mansion. 

t Rev. Ichabod Nichols, D.D., was pastor of the First Parish (Unitarian) of Portland — 
from 1809 to 1859. From 1809 to 1814 he was the colleague of the Rev. Samuel Deane, 
D.D., and the sole pastor to Jan. 31, 1855, when he retired from the active duties of the pul- 
pit, and Rev. Horatio Stebbins, now of San Francisco, was settled as his colleague. For 
notices of the Rev. Dr. Nichols, sec Willis's History of Portland and Deane and Smith's 

% Mr. John Cox married for his 2d wife, Nov. 18, 1835, Adeline Preble, by which marriage 
he has two daughters. See Note concerning Cox Family. 

$ His instructors at the public schools were masters Loring; Boynton ; Albert Window 
of the Primary school, near the head of India St.; Deacon Joseph Libby and James Brooks, 
of the Grammar and Latin school, on Congress near Pearl St.; and James Brooks, Rev. 
Thomas 'fenny and Henry A. Jones, of the High school, on Spring near Oak St. All these 
school-houses have been destroyed by fire OX swept away by the march of modern Improve- 
lii' nt. Deacon I.iMy and Mr. Jones arc still living in Portland — and Mr. Brooks, who 
afterwards edited the Portland Advertiser, and who established in 1836 and is still the prin- 
cipal proprietor of the N. Y. Express, is now a member of Congress from the 8th District of 
New Yoik. He was alM a member Of the 31st, 32d, 38th and 39th Congresses. 

Mr. 1 ( iiiiry, March 29, 1829, reported G. H. Preble's standing in the 1st division of the 1st 
class, of the English Hi^'li School :— " Rank in class, 2. Rank in division, 2. Application 
and condmt :— Punctual, diligent, accurate, ingenuous, and manly in all his conduct." Mr. 
II. A. Jones, Sept. |0, L889, reports Mm, the last quarter of his schooling— " No. 3 in the 1st 
class;" nnd his application and conduct — "Attentive, punctual, ingenuous, and uniformly 

maniy." After leaving school he received instruction in book-keeping, navigation, &c, 

from ('apt. l-'rancis G. Hark*, who kept a Nautical Academy ill the old Manner's Church on 
Fore Street. 


then established on Cornhill, as the publisher of the Parley's, People's, 
Penny and Law Magazines, and as a general distributing agent, 
throughout New England, for the newspapers and periodicals of the 
United States. In 1835, Mr. Colman desiring to remove to New York, 
it was arranged that his clerks, W. H. S. Jordan* and G. H. Preble, 
should purchase and continue the business in Boston. When these 
arraDgements were all but completed, Mr. Preble received an appoint- 
ment as a midshipman in the U. S. Navy, for which he had been an ap- 
plicant since June, 1832. Relinquishing at once all ideas of mercantile 
alliances, he returned to Portland to be present at the marriage of his 
sister Adeline, and to prepare for his future service in the navy. 

His appointment, so long delayed, was due to the following letter : 

Portland, Sept. 28, 1835. 
Hon. Mahlon Dickenson, Sec'y of the Navy. 

Sir, — I respectfully beg leave to call your attention to the applica- 
tion of George H. Preble, of this city, for a midshipman's appointment 
in the Navy. On reference to the Navy Register, published in July 
last, it will be seen that Maine has but six midshipmen, while Mary- 
land has twenty-one, and even little Delaware has as many, and that 
each of these States has had several appointments since Mr. Preble's 
application has been on file. 

The applicant is the only nephew of the late Commodore Edward 
Preble, and the only one of the late Commodore's family who ever has 
or ever will apply for such an appointment, f and as he is well educat- 
ed, of good moral character, and very solicitous to enter the service 
in which his uncle honorably earned a lasting reputation, and is more- 
over approaching an age when further delay will be a rejection of his 
application, I sincerely hope he may receive the appointment. 
I have the honor to be, Sir, 

With great respect, your obedient servant, 

John Anderson. 

The return mail brought the appointment. 

Mr. Preble's appointment as a midshipman was dated Oct. 10, 1835. 
After serving the required six months at sea and obtaining the 
requisite testimonials from his commanding officer, a warrant signed by 

* Mr. Jordan purchased Mr. Colman's Boston business, which he afterwards continued 
under the firms of Jordan & Wiley, and Redding & Co. He also became an associate in 
the firms of Russell, Odiorne & Co., and Weeks, Jordan & Co., but relinquished the 
book business for that of an Insurance Agency, in which he proved eminently successful, 
and has retired from the business, which is continued by his son. 

t The Commodore's only grandson, Edward Earnest, now (1870) a Lieut. Commander- 
was not born until 1842, six years later. 


the President was issuecTto him bearing the same date. After a brief 
coarse of studies in Algebra, Mathematics, Spherical Trigonometry as 
applied to Nautical Astronomy, &c, at the Naval School at Philadel- 
phia, he passed a successful examination and was warranted a Passed 
Midshipman, June 22, 1841. Promoted a " Master in the Line of 
Promotion," July 15, 1847. Commissioned a Lieutenant, Feb. 15, 
1848. A Commander, July 16, 1862 ; and a Captain, his present rank, 
,ry 29, 1867. 
Though appointed October 10, 1835, Mr. Preble was not ordered 
into service until May 1, 1836, when he reported for duty as a 
Midshipman on board the Frigate United States, Captain Jesse 
Wilkinson, equipping at New York. The United States soon 
after sailed to join the Mediterranean Squadron under Commodore 
Jesse D. Elliott, and Mr. Preble continued attached to her until she re- 
turned to Boston, Mass., Nov. 22, 1838," when, after a few weeks leave 
of absence and a brief sojourn at home, he received orders, Jan. 25, 1839, 
to the Sloop-of-War Warren, Commander William V. Spencer, equipping 
at Norfolk. The Warren joined the W. I. and Gulf Squadron under 
Commodore William Branford Shubrick, and Mr. Preble remained on 
that station, attached either to the Warren, to the Flag Ship Mace- 
donian, Capt. Beverley Kennon, Sloop-of-War Levant, Commander Jo. 
Smoot, or Eric, Commander William V. Taylor, until Sept. 23, 1840, 
when he was detached from the Erie at Boston, with permission to 
attend tin' Naval School at Philadelphia, and prepare for his examina- 
tion for promotion. After spending the Christmas holidays at home, 
he reported himself at the Naval School to Commodore James Biddle, 
mi the 1st of January, 1841, and was examined in Seamanship, 
Navigation, Mathematics and Nautical Astronomy, and passed, June 
19th, taking rank No. 7, in a class of 24. August 16, 1841, he re- 
ceived orders to join the Florida expedition under Lieut. Command- 
ing J. T. McLaughlin, and served in that expedition as an Acting 
l.ient. and Navigating officer on board the Schooner Madison, Lieut. 
Commanding William S. Drayton, and the Brigantine Jefferson, Lieut. 
Commanding John Etodgers; and on several expeditions in canoes, 
into the everglades, until crippled and broken in health from the 
exposures of the service, he returned to Norfolk in the Jeffer- 
son. When that vessel was put out of commission, August 13. 1842, 

he was detached with a leave of absence, which allowed his return 
home to watch by the bedside of his dying father. 

• .1 Midshipman Preble on one of the Indian hunting expeditions 
in oanoes, incident to this son ice, commanded a division of nine canoes 

and fifty men, on which, aa officially reported, " Every portion of the ever- 
gladet and watercourses of the interior, from Lake Tohopkeliga south, 

^^ ffatot U„.KJ C fa 


/ i- / I — 


bad been visited and examined, and large fields and settlements broken 
up and destroyed. " Lieut. Commanding John Rodgers, who com- 
manded the whole expedition, also reported officially, " On the 11th 
of April, w T e returned to Key Biscayne, having lived in our canoes 
fifty-eight days with less rest, fewer luxuries, and harder work, than 
fall to the lot of that estimable class of citizens who dig our canals. 7 '* 
While still lame from the poisonous exposures of the everglades of 
Florida, and a few weeks after his father's death, Passed Midshipman 
Preble was ordered to the Receiving Ship Ohio, Capt. Joseph Smith; 
stationed in Boston harbor, where he remained until the following May, 
when he was appointed by the Hon. Secretary of the Navy, Acting 
Master of the U. S. Sloop-of-War St. Louis, Commander II. II. Cocke, 
equipping at Norfolk. The St. Louis sailed for the East Indies, May 
23d, in company with the Frigate Brandywine, Commodore F. A. Par- 
ker, by whom Acting Master Preble was appointed Acting Lieutenant, 
Aug. 9, 1843 ; which appointment he retained until detached from the 
ship at Norfolk, Sept. 20, 1845. The squadron, of which the St. 
Louis formed one, was intended to support and aid by the exhibition 
of physical force, if necessary, the negotiations of the Hon. Caleb 
dishing, which resulted in our 'first treaty with China. In the 
midst of these negotiations, and while the Commissioners were having- 

* See Sprague's History of the Florida War, p. 3S5, for Lieut. Commanding Rodgers's 
official report. 

Colonel, afterwards the distinguished Major Gen. Worth, who then commanded in 
Florida, wrote Lieut. Commanding McLaughlin, previous to the departure of the squadron 
for the North, in full appreciation of the much-abused " Florida Expedition" : — 

"Head Quarters, Army of Florida, 
Cedar Keys, June 21, 1840. 

"My Dear Captain: — You will receive herewith a copy of my report to the Adjutant 
General of the 20th inst. 

" On parting with your young and accomplished comrades, I beg to convey and make ac- 
ceptable to them, the high professional and personal respect I have the honor to entertain. 
for each. The commendation of an old soldier can do no harm, and it is for me only to 
regret the humbleness which gives no warrant for a more decided expression of all that is 
due to their gallant and uncalculating devotion in a service as painful as thankless. May 
God protect you and your country promote you, is the sincere prayer of 

Most truly your friend, 
Capt. McLaughlin, "W. J. Worth." 

Commanding Naval Forces — Coast of Florida." 

In his letter to the Adjutant General, Colonel Worth saj r s : — 

" I trust I may be permitted on this occasion to express my respectful and grateful sense 
of the cordial and efficient co-operation received on all occasions, and under all circum- 
stances, from Capt. McLaughlin and the gallant and accomplished officers, who have ever 
aimed at rivalling the zeal and devotion of their admirable commander, and I feel assured 
the General in Chief will learn with gratification that the utmost cordiality and confidence 
has prevailed in both branches of a common service, whether united on the land, or on the 
water. I am most happy on this occasion to express my personal obligations." — See 
Sprague's History of the Florida War. 


their pow-wows at Macao, Acting Lieut. Preble was sent to Canton, 
in charge of a party of sailors and marines, for the protection of the 
United States Consulate and American residents. This was the first 
American armed force ever landed in China, and for the promptness 
with which Commander E. G. Tilton despatched it at such a time, he 
received a handsome service of silver from the American residents of 

The next year, the St. Louis, under Capt. Isaac McKeever, did 
good service at the Bay of Islands, New Zealand, protecting American 
persons and interests during some conflicts between the Mouries and 
the British authorities, for which, and removing the inhabitants of 
Kororareka to Auckland, Capt. McK. received several written testi- 
monials and others of a more substantial nature.* The St. Louis, sail- 
ing to China via the Cape of Good Hope and returning home via Cape 
Horn, to the same port of Norfolk, Va., from which she started, 
performed her voyage of circumnavigation in two years and five 
months, and made the then unprecedented passage home from Rio 
Janeiro to Norfolk, anchorage to anchorage, in twenty-nine days and 
six hours, notwithstanding that she was becalmed between two and 
three days off Cape Ilenry. On this cruise around the world, the St. 
Louis was 440 days at sea, 397 in port, and sailed 56,742 nautical miles. 

* The following are two of the written testimonials referred to : — 

" Capt. Isaac McKeever: — II. M. S. Hazard, Auckland, March 17, 1845. 

" Sir, — I cannot allow the St. Louis to quit this harbor without returning you the most 
Bincere thanks of the officers and ship's company of the Hazard, for the assistance you ren- 
dered n^ in taking offthe Bick and wounded from the beach at Russell (Kororareka) on the 
11th in-t., whilst exposed to a heavy tire from the Mouries, and also for the general atten- 
tion you have evinced towards us. 

" I must further offer you my personal thanks for having relieved me of the responsibility 
of bringing here one bandied and fifty Inhabitants of Kororareka. 

" Before concluding this letter, I feel bound to attend to a statement of your having declined 
rendering me assistance [armed] when requested to do so. At the time I applied to you 
lor aid, I \va- under the Impression that you had promised to land one hundred ami fifty 
lii-n, Should we be hard prosed. That Impression was founded merely from what I had 
casually heard on the Stockade or beach. Had I had time to weigh the matter maturely, I 
had perceived the impossibility of your acceding to my solicitations, as it was clearly con- 
tr.iry to the principles of international law. 

Yours very truly, 

Geouoe Philpot." 
" To Capt. Isaac McKeevkh, 
and the Offlo n and Company of the V. S. Corvette St. I/mi-. 

" The nnderilgnod passengers who experienced their christian kindness and hospitality 
during their passage from Kororareka to Auckland on the nth ami Lfitb of March, lsio, 

de ire to return tin ir iim-t beaity and unfeigned thanks." 

i by Bishop Quo. Bi i.wvn, Archdeacon A. X. Buowx and HO others. 
p Selwyn presented Capt. McKeever with a handsome silver salver appropri ately 

!, and Governor l-'iuroy wrote a letter expressive of his appreciation of the services 
r> a !• red. 


Soon after his return in the St. Louis, on recovering from a conges- 
tive fever, the seeds of which were planted at Norfolk, Passed Mid- 
shipman Preble was married. The next spring he was ordered, May 30, 
1846, to join the gunboat Petrel at New York, as Acting Master 
and executive officer. The Petrel was a small schooner, of seventy- 
four tons, mounting one heavy twenty-four pounder on a pivot. She 
had been built for the Mexicans, but was purchased by our government 
on the commencement of its hostilities with Mexico. The Petrel was 
present at and a participator in the surrender of Alvarado, Laguna, Tam- 
pico and Panuco, and assisted at the siege, bombardment and capitula- 
tion of Vera Cruz and the Fortress of San Juan de Ulloa. After the 
capitulation of Vera Cruz, his health having become impaired by the 
harassing service of blockading in so small a vessel as the Petrel, 
which he did not put his foot outside of for months at a time, except 
to visit the Flag Ship for orders, Acting Master Preble was invalided, 
and sent North in the Ohio, 74. He reached his home May 31, 1847, 
and July 15, 1847, received a warrant as " Master in the line of Pro- 
motion." He was commissioned a Lieut., Feb. 5, 1848, and at the 
same time ordered to the Sloop-of-War Saratoga, Commander William 
C. Nicholson. In the Saratoga he returned to the Gulf, where his 
health becoming again impaired, he was after a year's service once 
more compelled to leave the station, March 1, 1849, and return 
North. His removal from an unhealthy climate and return via the 
Mississippi river so far recruited his health, that he immediately 
applied for active service, arid was ordered, April 30, 1849, to the U. S. 
Coast Survey, and attached to the Steamer Legree, as her executive offi- 
cer. He continued on Coast Survey duty, on board the Legree and 
several other vessels, until, by his own request, he was ordered to the 
Frigate St. Lawrence, Commander Joshua Sands, which conveyed the 
American contributions to the World's Fair in 1851. By request of Prof. 
A. D. Bache, Supt. of the U. S. Coast Survey, &c, he assumed charge 
of the standard weights and measures of the United States contributed 
by him, and saw them properly set up and exhibited in the Crystal 
Palace. It was ordered the St. Lawrence should, after landing her 
stores, proceed to France, and bring thence to the United States the 
remains of Commodore John Paul Jones, but they could not be found,* 
and she, instead, carried to Lisbon our newly appointed Minister the 
Hon. Charles Haddock, with his wife and niece. 

* It was asserted that the cemetery in which that revolutionary hero was huried at Paris, 
had been levelled and built over, and that the bones of its silent inhabitants (Paul Jones's 
included with those of common clay) had been collected and made into charcoal, for the 
manufacture of gunpowder. The heirs of Paul Jones also objected to the removal of his 
remains, unless by the expressed wish of the United States Government. 


After a passage protracted by calms and head winds, the St. Law- 
rence returned from Lisbon to New York, where she arrived, August 
6th, and was put out of commission on the 21st, when Lieut. Preble was 
immediately ordered back to the Coast Survey, and continued on duty 
connected with it and in command of the schooner Gallatin, &c, until 
Dec. 18, 1852, when he was ordered to the Vermont, 74, Capt. Hiram 
Paulding, equipping for the Japan Expedition under Commodore M. 
C. Perry. It being decided not to send the Vermont, Lieut. Preble 
was detached from her March 31, 1853, and ordered to the Mace- 
donian, Captain Joel Abbot, another vessel of the expedition, and 
sailed in her from New York for China and Japan, April 13, 1853. 
The Macedonian participated in all the functions connected with 
the treaty negotiated by Commo. Perry at Yokehamma, and Lieut. 
Preble assisted in the surveys of Jeddo and Ilakodadi Bays, and 
also surveyed and made a chart of the Harbor of Kealung, on the 
north end of the Island of Formosa, which was published in the official 
report of the expedition. On the return of the Macedonian to China, 
Lieut. Preble was ordered to command the " Queen," a steamer 
of 137 tons, mounting four 4-pounders, to which was added the 
twelve pounder boat howitzer of the Macedonian. The Queen was 
chartered by Commodore Perry, previous to his sailing for Japan, for 
the protection of American citizens in China during the absence of the 
squadron. While in this command, Lieut. Preble was actively em- 
ployed in co-operation with the naval forces of Great Britain and other 
powers in ferreting out and destroying the piratical hordes then infest- 
ing the Chinese waters. For his part in one of these joint expeditions 
against the pirates' stronghold at Kulan, he received the thanks of his 
own Commodore and of the English Admiral.* 

* " Uwitbd States Sun* BffacBDoxnujr, 
Hong Kong, Nov. 28, 
" Sir, — I have the honor and pleasing satisfaction to transmit to you, a copy of a letter ad- 
dressed to mo from Bear Admiral sir James Stirling, Km., respectfully acknowledging, in 
complimentary terms, the co-operation and gallant condud evinced by yon and your com- 
panions against the piratical strong-hold at Coalan. I embrace this opportunity to i 
to you, and throngb yon to tin- officers ami men and volunteers associated with yon (sick- 
". in-,' prevented my doing so at an earlier d ry), my own grateful acknowledgments, 
not only in the aii'.iirat Coulan, i>ut more especially for your and their good ooaducl ami 
gallantry in your encounter with seventeen heavily armed piratical Junks in the harbor of 
Tyho, and for your own prud and excellent judgment, in obtaining aai 

from tin' English Admiral, sir James Stirling, by which combined Ibrce the whole were 
captured and destroyed together with their depot en shore. With high regard, 

I nm very respectfully, 
"To LI in. Com'd - Your obedient servant, 

1 ii i m;i Para r, .l,,i i A: 

Capt. United State- Navy, 

Off ''ant- m. Commanding U. s. Squadron in the Chi 


Eight months after he assumed command of the Queen her charter 
expired, when she was put out of commission, March 31, 1855, and 
delivered to her owner at Hong Kong. Lieut. Preble with her crew 
returned to the Macedonian, where he resumed his duties as a 
watch officer. The Macedonian sailed on the 4th of April, for Shanghai, 
and arrived there on the 22d of the same month. On the 28th of June, 
by order of Commodore Abbot, Lieut. Preble embarked on the American 
Steamer Confucius, with three officers and fifty men and marines from 
the Macedonian, for an expedition to Foo-chow-foo, designed to aid the 
authority of the IT. S. Consul, and incidentally convoy thence two 
hundred and fifty timber loaded junks to Ningpo— all of which he ac- 
complished, destroying several pirate junks on the route, which 

" Her Britannic Majesty's Ship ' Winchester,' 
At Hong Kong, 22d Nov., 1851. 
" Sir,— The joint expedition against the pirates' strong hold at Coulan, having successfully 
accomplished its object, I request you will convey to Lieut. Preble and his companions 
my respectful acknowledgments of their co-operation and for the gallant conduct evinced. 
• "I trust that a continued exercise of the repression thus applied will tend to put a stop to 
the practice of piracy, which for some time past has afflicted commerce on the neighboring 
coasts. I have the honor to be, Sir, 

" Uapt. Joel Abbot, Your most obed't humble servant, 

Commanding United States Naval Forces, James Stirling, 

East India, China and Japan Seas. Rear Admiral and Commander in Chief." 

Extract from Lieut. Preble's official report of the Kulan affair :— 

" U. S. Chartered Steamer Queen, 
At anchor off Kulan Island, Tyloo, Nov. 13, 1854. 
" To Capt. Joel Abbot, 

Commanding U. S. N. Forces East India and China Seas, 
United States Ship Macedonian, Hong Kong. 
" Sir,— I have to report that yesterday, co-operating with the forces of Her Britannic 
Majesty, we burnt three pirate junks in the Bay of " Cowcock," and this forenoon destroyed 
by fire th»town of Kulan and forty-seven piratical junks, with numerous boats, after a short 
and sharp resistance. A battery on shore of twenty guns was carried by the combined forces, 
and several smaller batteries were also captured ; most of the guns were given up to the 
Chinese Mandarin who accompanied H. B. M. forces ; we have seven small guns on board 
the Queen, and twelve rings. In a future despatch, I shall enter more into particulars. I 
forward this by Gen. Keenan, United States Consul for Hong Kong, who leaves to-night in 
H. M. S. Barracouta, conveying despatches to Sir James Stirling, Commander in Chief of 
H. B. M. forces in China. It is with extreme regret I have to inform you of the death of 
John Morrison, of the ' Macedonian,' killed on shore. His remains I have forwarded, 
accompanied by two of his messmates, John Boiling and William Benson, by the Barra- 
coata, for burial at Hong Kong. I refer you to General Keenan for further particulars. 
We move to-morrow up the Broadway, where a number of piratical junks are reported to 
be, and will there wait further orders from the British Admiral. 

" The pinnace under charge of Acting Master Sproston landed with the British force, and 
did good service. 

" Yours very respectfully, 

George Henry Preble, 
Lieut. Commanding U. S. Chartered Steamer ' Queen,' " 


attempted to cut off a portion of his convoy.* On the 4th of July, 1855, 
a national salute, the first ever heard on that anniversary at Foo-chow-foo, 
was fired from the Confucius, and the day was otherwise appropriately 
celebrated ; all the foreign shipping — British and American — dressed 
ship, and helped to commemorate the day. The junks convoyed, had 
been afraid to venture to sea on account of the pirates, and had been 
loaded and detained so long, that the fastenings of their cargoes were 
decayed, and had to be renewed before they left the river. For this 
service Messrs. Russell & Co., as the agents of the Confucius, were 
paid more than $20,000, and they liberally rewarded the U. S. officers, 
and presented each of the men with a month's pay. On the 11th, Lieut. 
Preble returned with his expeditionary force to the Macedonian. 

On the 3d of August, Lieut. Preble was again placed in command 
of a force on board the Confucius (which meanwhile had been sold to 
the Chinese authorities, but still retained her American flag and regis- 
ter), to assist in a joint British and Chinese expedition against a pirat- 
ical fleet, that was and for some time past had been interrupting the 
trade between the North of China and Shanghai. f The collier brig 

* " U. S. Ship Macedonian, Shanghai, June 28, 1855. 

" Sir, — Representations are made to me of an excited and critical state of affairs at Foo- 
chow-foo, in which the American Consul, Caleb Jones, Esq., is involved. He is making 
every exertion to quiet and restore to order existing affairs, and render justice and protec- 
tion to all parties as far as his own personal influence and authority ran exert and com- 
mand, for in the absence of military force to aid him he has nothing but his own personal 
exertions upon which to rely. 

" Representations are also made to me that the whole coast between this and Amoy is infest- 
ed by piratical hordes, which greatly endanger and annoy commerce. The American 
steamer Confucius being about to make a trip to Foo-chow-foo, Amoy, and back, touching 
perhaps at some intermediate ports, and her Commander and Agent being desirous of hav- 
ing an armed force from this ship put on board of her, for her protection and that of our 
commerce, and if possible to capture some of the pirates which infest the coast, they have 
oircrcd a free passage to such force of officers and men, to the extent of her accommoda- 
tions. You arc therefore directed to consult with the Commander of the Confucius and 
agents Lf necessary, and select such force of officers and men from this ship, properly armed 
tod equipped, as you may deem necessary, and provided with provisions for twenty-live days. 
With thi^ force you will repair on board the Confucius as soon as she is ready to receive 
you, and will command and direct it for the purposes herein named. 

"You will confer with the American Consul at Foo-chow-foo and aid and assist him all 
in your power. I hare referred him to you touching your expedition, and have bespoken 
for you his friendly aid and co-operation if any such should be needed. 

" With the hope that you will have a pleasant and prosperous crui.-e, 

I am very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
" Lieut, fiio. II. Passu, Joel Abuot, 

United States Ship Macedonian. Commanding U. S. Squadron, 

East India, China and Japan Seas." 
t " United States Flao Smr Macedonian, 
Shanghai, August 3, 1855. 

" Sir —I an Informed that I large number of piratical junks are now assembled at or near 
a place called Skautung, attacking uud plundering everything that comes in their way 


Clown was to have supplied the Coufucius with fuel, but from hav- 
ing been overloaded by the Chinese, and being 1 a weak and crazy old 
vessel, foundered at sea before reaching the appointed rendezvous at 
Shantung promontory ; this loss necessitated the return of the Confucius 
to Shanghai on the 18th of August, after getting as far as Chefow, in 
the Gulf of Pechile — the Confucius being a side-wheeled boat without 
sails or spars, and entirely dependent upon her engines, and it having 
been ascertained no coal was to be had that she could burn. The ob- 
jects of the expedition were, however, accomplished by her consorts H. 
B. M. Brig Bittern, Commander E. W. Yansittart, towed by the Eng- 
lish screw Steamer Paushan. Ten days after his return in the Confucius, 
on the 28th of August, Lieut. Preble again went out in her to the rescue 
of some people seen by a passing vessel on a group of barren rocks off 
the coast, and supposed to have been shipwrecked. An examination 
of these rocky islets proved them to be Chinese fishermen, who 
were inhabitants, and had their boats in crevices high up, to secure 
them from the stormy waves, and who having built their eyries on the 
very top of the rocks, were not desirous of being taken off. Return- 
ing through the Chusan Archipelago, three piratical junks were run 
down or run on shore and burnt, and several of their crews made 
prisoners, taken to Shanghai, and delivered to the Chinese author- 
ities of that city. The chief pirate, however, slipping his hands out of 
irons, deliberately walked overboard when twenty miles at sea, 
rather than meet the fate he knew awaited him at Shanghai. • During 
all this time, under the orders of the Commodore, and at request of the 
United States Consul and Tautoe, Lieut. Preble, when not upon these 
expeditions, was engaged in examining, in the Confucius, the inner and 
outer waters of the Woosung river leading up to Shanghai, and pre- 
paring sailing directions for that port.f These directions were univer- 

(with which they can cope), and whose operations are such as greatly to interfere with our 
trade and commerce. And being requested to put an armed force on board the Confucius to 
aid and assist in destroying them if possible, you are hereby directed to select such officers 
and men from this ship as you deem sufficient, properly armed and equipped and provis- 
ioned for twenty-five to thirty days. You will take charge of this detachment and proceed 
on the expedition as soon as practicable. 

" I understand Commander E. W. Vansittart, R. N., in command of H. B. M. Brig 
Bittern, will accompany the expedition ; if so, your friendly co-operation with him is very 
desirable. " I am respectfully, your obedient servant, 

" Lieut. Geoege H. Preble, Joel Abbot, 

Macedonian. Commanding TJ. S. Squadron, 

East India, China and Japan Seas." 

t " United States Flag Ship Macedonian, 
Shanghai, July 25, 1855. 

" Sir, — It having been agreed by his excellency, Chaon, Superintendent of the Customs 
for the Province of " Keansan," in a conference with R. C. Murphy, Esq., TJ. S. Consul and 
myself, with regard to the improvement of the navigation of the Yang tse Kiang, and sub- 


sally adopted, and printed by the English authorities in the Govern- I 
ment, in the Gazette at Hong- Kong, and in numerous private editions on ■ 
the coast and at Sincapore, and by the L. H. Board of the United States. 
His recommendation that a light vessel should be placed on the north 
bank was adopted, and a vessel placed in the position recommended 
by him. On the south shore for a land mark, a brick tower or monu- 
ment, agreeably to his suggestion, was subsequently built, by the 
Chinese, at a place known as the Three Trees, and eight iron buoys, for 
which he furnished the drawings, were sent for to England. These 
labors were not all completed when the " Macedonian ,; left Shanghai 
for Hong Kong, October 25, 1855, and Lieut. Preble remained behind, 
a guest of Messrs. Russell & Co., to finish them. His passage to Hong 
Kong in the English mail steamer was paid by the United States Con- 
sul in behalf of the Chinese government, and he reported and resumed 
his duties on board the Macedonian, at Hong Kong, November 11th. f 

seqaently by His Excellency's written agreement to appropriate funds for said object, placed 
In the hands of the Inspectors of Customs for the management of the affair, provided a 
declaration was given by the U. S. Consul that the undertaking would be successful, and 

that I would detail officers to plan and execute the work— 

" Having full confidence in your ability to plan and execute such work, you are hereby 
died for this special duty, and are at liberty to select an officer and a boat's crew to aid 
and assist yon in its performance. In regard to means and plan of operations, you \\ ill con- 
Ith the l'. 8. Consul and the Inspectors of Customs. In completion of your work you 
will please to prepare a code of sailing directions. 
" With the earnest hope that you may Buccessfully accomplish this important work, 
I am most respectfully, your obedient servant, 
" Lieut. Geohqe II. Fkeisle, Joel Abbot, 

U. S. S. Macedonian. Commanding TJ. S. Squadron, 

India, China ami Japan Seas." 

t II. B. M. Consul at Shanghai, in acknowledging some copies of these sailing direc- 
ti hi- which li i I ied a letter communicating the critical state of Commodore 

• health, wrote : — 

"Cm: is: -.1 \s Day, II 
"My I Copt. Preble, — Many thanks for your kind note. Of course 1 am anxious 

tli it my countrymen Bhould have the full advant ige of your successful labors, and copies 
of the directions 1 -• ad to Lloyd's and other greal mercantile m nine offices, that they may 
be fully known. I consider il one, if not, and it really is the most important work that 
ha- yet been dune in China, ami will hand your name down long, long after ours have been 
blotto d "ut as dead and an li 

to hear the Commodore is so low In bodily health. May God rapport him 

at his la-t hour. And If it please Him bo remove our respected friend, as tine an old gentle- 

thia earth will be removed from among ns. if he still lives, bear to him 

of my great respect, and tell him he will no tten by any one among 

the many who knew s and virtues. • • • • • 

" And DOW adieu, and believe me OB ever, 

most sincerely, 

D. B. RonnnTsox." 
; received until January 2d, eighteen days after Commodore Abbot's 


On bis return Lieut. Preble found Commodore Abbot very ill, and he 
died on the morning of the 14th of December. His remains were 
transferred to tbe Macedonian from shore, with the usual funeral honors, 
on the 15th. The whole route of the funeral procession, from Spring 
Gardens, the residence of Mr. Robert Desilver, our naval storekeeper, 
was between lines of soldiers of the Hong Kong garrison, drawn up in 
extended file with reversed arms, hands clasped over the butts of the 
muskets, with the muzzles resting on the ground ; at the landing, a 
procession of all the men-of-war boats in the harbor escorted the 
remains to the ship, where they were received with three ruffles of the 
drum and the usual ceremonies at receiving a living commander. 
The broad pendant was then hauled down, a coach whip pendant sub- 
stituted, and the executive officer assumed temporary command of the 
ship until the arrival of the Vandalia. While the procession was passing 
from the house to the ship, minute, guns were fired from the ships-of- 
war in harbor, one ship taking up and continuing the mournful salute 
as the other finished. Several Russian officers, prisoners to the Eng- 
lish, walked in the procession, "and all flags afloat and on shore were 

On the 12th of January, 1856, the .Vandalia "arrived from a cruise, 
when Commander John Pope came on' board and assumed command 
of the Macedonian and of the squadron ; aud on the 2d of February, 
the Macedonian got underway .for Singapore; and via the Cape of Good 
Hope and St. Helena* forthe United, States.-' She arrived at Boston, 
and anchored off the jSTavyiYaftl, - " Aug.- 6, and was put out of commission 
Aug. 14, 1856, having sailed '46,801 nautic miles and completed an 
interesting cruise which had been' prolonged to three years and four 
months. Lieut. Preble remained attached to her (with the mentioned 
exceptions) the whole cruise. 

One month after his detachment from the " Macedonian," viz., on 
the 12th of September, 1856, Lieut. Preble was ordered to report by 
letter to the Hon. Secretary of the Treasury, who directed him to 
relieve Lieut. William B. Franklin, United States Army,* as Inspector 
of the First Light-House District, extending from Calais in Maine to 
Portsmouth, N. H., with his office and headquarters at Portland. 
This light-house district comprised the care of fifty light-houses and 
over four hundred buoys and day marks. He organized the district 
(the Inspectorship being for.the first time separated from the Engineer- 
ing Department.) and continued on this duty until detached by an 
order of the Navy Department, dated Oct. 24, 1857, which directed 

* Afterwards Major General "W. B. Franklin, United States Army, an$3 ncr.v Superinten- 
dent of Colt's Pistol Factory, Hartford, Conn. 


him to report to Commodore S. II. Stringham, Commandant of that 
station, for duty at the Charlcstown Navy Yard. He accordingly 
removed his family from Portland to the quarters provided at the yard, 
and remained on duty there (where his youngest son was born), until 
Sept. 12, 1859, when agreeably to orders he reported on board the 
U. S. Steam Sloop Narragansett, Commander Timothy A. Hunt, equip- 
ping at that yard for service in the Pacific, and removed his family 
to Cambridge, Mass. 

The Narragansett was a new ship ; her trial trip, which terminated 
at Norfolk, Va., proving her faulty in many respects, after the 
usual surveys aud reports she was taken iuto the dry-dock to have 
a new screw and undergo various alterations to render her more 
efficient. These completed, she sailed thence for the Pacific, and 
touching at Rio Janeiro and St. Catharines, Brazil, passed through the 
Straits of Magellan and arrived at Valparaiso, August 4, 1860. Lieut. 
Preble remained attached to the Narragansett as her executive officer 
until Nov. 23, 1861, when agreeably to orders from the Navy Depart- 
ment,* he left her at Acapulco to return to New York, where, on his 
arrival, Dec. 18, 1861, he was directed to go to his home in Cambridge 
and await further orders. 

On the Uth of January, 1862, Lieut. Preble was ordered to report 
for the command of the Steam Gunboat Katahdin, equipping at Boston. 
The Katahdin, one of the ninety day guuboats, as they were called, 
was no where near ready, her engines not being all in place, but she 
was hurried up and on 2d of March he'received his sailing orders and 
sailed thence to join the West Gulf Squadron under Flag Officer Far- 
ragut, to whom, after touching at Key West and Pass L'Outre, he 
reported at the South Pass of the Mississippi on the 29th, and was 
immediately despatched up river to observe the movements of the 

On the memorable 24th of April, 1862, the "Katahdin," to which 
had been assigned the position of the sixth in the starboard or leading 
line, was (in consequence of the "Pensacola" and "Mississippi" 
stopping to engage Fort St. Philip,) the fourth to pass the Forts, the 

• Hi- detachment from the Narragansett was the result of the following application: 

"United Statu Steam Sloot Nakkaoansett, 
Harboi >>t Acapnloo, Oct. 9, 1861. 

" Sir,— Hartng been orer two yean attached to this ship for sea service, I respectfully 
• my detachment ami a command on the blockade, <>r orders inch at my present 

Seniority OB the lieutenants' list ami twenty-Sis year.- in the Navy entitle me to, and the 

aslgendei of the Krvice win allow. 

I have the honor to he, 

"H - Wbllbs, Very respectfully your ohedf servant, 

tarj 'i the Navy. oi Esmbi I'm in i . Lieut 0. S. N." 


Cayuga, Oneida and Varuna alone preceding her, and emerged from 
this " baptism of fire ;; to engage the enemy's fleet and fire-rafts 
above, fortunately with no loss of life and but trifling damage to the 
vessel. She continued on up river with the fleet, and was at the attack 
upon the lower defences and at the surrender of New Orleans — and par- 
ticipated in all the operations on the river as far as Vicksburg. She 
was often under fire in passing up and down the river when acting as 
convoy to mail and transport steamers, particularly at the town of 
Grand Gulf, which she assisted in destroying. Lieut. Com' ding Preble 
continued attached to the Katahdin on this river service until relieved, 
August 4, 1862, at Baton Rouge by Lieut. Com'ding F. A. Roe, and 
ordered to proceed to New Orleans to take command of the Steam 
Sloop-of-War "Oneida." The battle at Baton Rouge, in which Gen. 
Williams was killed, having been reported, he was ordered, though 
the rebels under Breckenridge were defeated, to return to that place 
with the Oneida. While proceeding in obedience to these orders the 
Oneida was purposely run into by a steamer called the " Whiteman," 
which sunk under the Oneida's bow, with a sad loss of life. The fol- 
lowing account of this occurrence, which is substantially correct, was 
published in the New York Herald : — 

" Baton Rouge, Aug. 8, 1862. 

" At half-past twelve o'clock this morning, as the gunboat Oneida 
was coming up the river from New Orleans, she met the steam trans- 
port Whiteman about seventy-five miles from the city. The White- 
man had on board about one hundred and twenty persons, among 
whom were sixty soldiers who had been wounded at the battle of 
Baton Rouge. The Oneida was quite close to the left bank of the 
river, while the Whiteman was to the right. All at once she was seen 
to swerve from her position and proceed across the river direct for the 
Oneida. The whistle on the Oneida was sounded to warn the White- 
man to keep off, but she paid no heed to the signal, and never slack- 
ened her speed for an instant. The Oneida was slowed, but was so 
near the bank that she could not turn to avoid the collision, and the 
Whiteman's bow struck her on her port bow. The Whiteman imme- 
diately began to fill, and in six minutes after sunk. 

" Commander Preble was awakened by the shock and was immedi- 
ately on deck. Every exertion was made to save the unfortunate crea- 
tures who were struggling with the rapid current of the Mississippi, 
and seventy persons were taken on board the Oneida, among whom 
were thirty-five wounded soldiers. 

" One of the soldiers on the Whiteman had an escape which borders 
on the miraculous. He was standing on the hurricane deck, with his 


hand on a small brass cannon and an ammunition box close by. After 
the collision he found himself on the deck of the Oneida, with his hand 
still on the gun and the box in the same relative position as before. 
The supposition is, that man, gun and box must all have slid from the 1 
deck of one vessel to the deck of the other. 

" The general impression is, that the destruction of the "Whiteman 
was the result of a deliberate plan. Three or four rebel prisoners were 
seen in close consultation with her captain and pilots in the pilot-house 
during the evening. Under any circumstances the collision could have 
been easily avoided by the exercise of the most ordinary skill. The 
moon was shining brightly at the time. An additional suspicious cir- 
cumstance is that about ten o'clock the Whiteman nearly ran into the 
Sciota in the same manner that she did two hours and a half after into 
the Oneida. Captain Lowry, however, who was on deck, cleared away 
his bow gun and brought it to bear on the Whiteman, hailing her at 
the same time and threatening to fire into her, upon which she 
sheered off. The persons rescued were sent down to New Orleans on 
the Pinola, which was near by ; and the Captain and two pilots were 
put in irons by Capt. Preble and sent down in the same vessel. It 
is a lucky thing for them that they were not sent back to Baton 
Eouge, as hanging incontinently was all the talk of the officers there 
when Capt. Preble arrived and reported the occurrence. When all 
the surroundings of the case are considered, it is absurd to call such 
an event an accident." 

It may be well to remark, in confirmation of the opinion of this 
unknown writer, that the Captain of the Whiteman expected to involve 
the Oneida in a common ruin by the collision and his anticipated 
consequent explosion of her boilers, which was not realized ; that 
he and the pilots sought the place of greatest safety on board of 
her, and were found hid in the Texas on the upper deck after it had 
drifted away ; that he had several sons in the rebel service, and was 
heard to declare that if younger he would enter that service himself. 
The engineer of the Whiteman reported to Lieut. Com'ding Preble 
that she was purposely run into the Oneida, with a full head of steam, 
and the surviving passengers were unanimously confident such was the 
fact. It was on these reports that Lieut. Preble arrested the Captain 
and his Mates, and sent them to the General at New Orleans in irons. 
By allowing the Oneida to drift with the stream until it became neees- 
sary to anchor, and thus keeping the upper deck of the Whiteman (her 
bottom having sunk) fast to her, many lives were saved that would 
Otherwise have been lost, as the Oneida bad but one serviceable boat at 
the time, that could be lowered. The cries and struggles of those poor 


sufferers who were under the floating deck and could not be rescued, 
were distressing to listen to. The body of General Williams, killed 
in the recent battle, was being conveyed to New Orleans in the 
Whiteman. It drifted off from her wreck on some planks and was 
recovered the next morning by the Pinola, and taken to New Orleans, 
where it was buried with suitable honors. The Captain of the White- 
man was confined in Fort Jackson by Major Gen. Butler, and when 
released confirmed the impression that he collided that steamer with 
the Oneida purposely, by seizing a steam-tug called the " Boston," 
and running her into Mobile, where he turned her over to the rebels. 

The Oneida remained only four days at Baton Rouge, when the 
alarm concerning its defence having subsided, she returned as ordered 
to New Orleans, the day that Flag Officer Farragut hoisted his flag at 
the main as Senior Rear Admiral, and on the 24th sailed thence for 
Mobile bar, where, on the 25th of August, Lieut. Com'ding Preble re- 
ported to Capt. Hitchcock, Senior Officer present on the blockade 
at that point, and received from him a letter from the Hon. Secretary 
of the Navy, announcing his promotion to the grade of Commander 
from the 16th of July preceding, subject to the confirmation of the 
Senate at its next session. 

The blockading force off Mobile, when joined by the Oneida, consist- 
ed of the Steam Frigate Susquehanna and Steam Gunboats Kanawha, 
Kennebec, Cayuga and Pinola. On the 29th of August, Capt. Hitch- 
cock took the Susquehanna to Pensacola for repairs, leaving Command- 
er Preble until the arrival of the Steam Ship Richmond, Capt. Alden, 
temporarily the Senior Officer, to maintain the blockade with the 
Oneida, Cayuga and Winona — the Kennebec, Kanawha and Pinola 
having been sent to Pensacola either for coal or repairs. The 
Cayuga had also the next day to be sent to Horn Island Pass — one 
of the outlets of the bay (temporarily unguarded in consequence of the 
reduced force) — to ascertain whether, as had been reported, cotton- 
loaded steamers were attempting to elude the blockade at that point — 
and not to " shoot cattle," as asserted by that careless and partisan 
historian of the Navy, the Rev. C. B. Boynton. 

While the blockading force was thus reduced, on the morning of 
the 4th of September, the engineer reported the boilers of the Oneida 
in such a state that their repair was indispensable, and obtained from 
Commander Preble — who judged no merchant vessel would attempt to 
run the blockade in the day time — permission to haul fires under one 
of the boilers and repair it, provided the work could be done and steam 
raised by sundown. 

In the afternoon a sail was reported to the Westward, and the 
Winona was signalled to overhaul her, which she did, and having re- 


ported lier by signal a friend,* was returning, when the smoke of a 
steamer was observed in the South East, and the Winona was ordered to 
" chase her at discretion." About the same time the engineer of the 
Oneida reported the boiler ready for service, and was ordered to get 
steam upon it. The unknown steamer was at first supposed to be the 
supply Steamer Connecticut from Pensacola — but on being discovered 
to be a stranger, the Oneida was got underway and was steamed out 
to meet her. The remarks from her log-book, by officer of the watch, 
will tell the result : — 

" At 5.30, got underway and stood for the strange steamer. At 
5.45 went to quarters, and discovered her to be a barkentine rigged 
steamer with English pennant and ensign flying, carrying eight broad- 
side and one or two pivot guns ; had the appearance of a man-of-war. 
At 6, fired a shot across her bow, which passed unheeded ; two more 
were fired across her bow, the last at her fore-foot, and failed to bring 
her to. At 6.03, fired into her with the starboard battery and both 
pivot guns. At 6.10, she set the foretopsail and top-gallant sail. 
The Winona and a mortar schooner [the same the Winona had pre- 
viously boarded] opened on her immediately after we did. The enemy 
trained his guns on us, but did not fire. At 6.27 ceased firing and 
hauled off, being in three fathoms of water [the Oneida drew fifteen 
feet], and the darkjaess rendering the landmarks invisible." The record 
might have added — the strange steamer of lighter draft having run over 
the South East shoals, where it was impossible for the Oneida to follow, 
was then under cover of Fort Morgan. 

Commander Preble was profoundly ignorant of the rebels having a 
vessel of war afloat, though it was known both at Pensacola and New 
Orleans. f Tic was also uninformed of the orders of the British Admi- 
ralty to their Captains " to throw their vessels' heads seaward and 

* She proved to be the Schooner Rachel Seamen, one of the mortar vessels passing from 
the Westward to Pensacola. : 

t Admiral Farragut, acknowledging from Pensacola the receipt of Commander Preble's 
despatch, Informing him of the strange vessel's evasion of the blockade, was "very much 
pained to hear of the passage into Mobile Bay of Gunboat No. 290 " (t. a. the Alabama). 
The mails which bad been brought down to Pensacola by the supply steamer Connecticut, 
giving accounts oi the " No. 290 " and also of the Oreto being in the West Indies, through 
some neglect, were nol received off Mobile until after the occurrence, though 
steamers from Pensacola passed the blockade off Mobile, after her arrival, and before the 
running In of the Orcto. 

At New Orleans Commodore II. W. Morris, the Senior Officer, was advised by Capi 
Bhufeldt, our Consul at the Havana, of the presence of the, •■ Qrfeto " In the West indies, and 
that she woidd probably attempt to run tfie blockade at Mobile. A despatch to thai effort 
flora the Consul was handed to Commodore fitorris by Command, r c. ll. B. Caldwell, of 

the " Itn-.a," who obtain, d it from a despatch boal at sea. Commander Caldwell requested 

,li; " '" '"' : ;,t convey the information to the Senior-Officer at Mobile, and was refused the 





await to be boarded on approaching a blockading force." He there- 
fore thought the stranger an English man-of-war — one of their despatch 
boats, which she completely resembled.* When he fired a broad- 
side into her he still believed her such, as she did not haul down her 
colors for some minutes after it. It was not until long after the chase 
that he learned the vessel was the rebel cruiser Oreto, commanded 
by J. N. Maffitt — subsequently known (after her escape out of Mobile), 
as the "Florida." 

The damage done the Oreto in the chase was not known at the 
•time — though she was seen to have been hit several times, and the 
Oneida's shell burst all around and over her. It was ascertained after- 
wards that she was so much injured that it took three months to get 
her again ready for service, and that her superior speed alone enabled 
her to escape. But for the fine weather and smooth sea she would 
have sunk, as the Confederate commander testifies. f 

On the receipt, at Washington, of Commander Preble's first brief 
and hastily written despatch and the Admiral's accompanying letter, 
and before the combination of favoring circumstances for the Oreto's 
evasion of the blockade could be known. Commander Preble was on the 

* Letter from Fleet Capt., afterwards Rear Admiral James Palmer :— 

"Flag Ship Hartford, 
New Orleans, November 28, 1862. 
"My Bear Preble— I enclose a letter from Capt. Hewett, of the English Sloop-of-War 
Rinaldo, who knows the Oreto, and his opinion of her resemblance to a British Man-of-War 
may be 'of some service to you. "We all hope here that the government will give you the 
investigation you demand." In haste, yours very truly, 

James Palmer." 
" H. M. S. Rinaldo, 
New Orleans, Nov. 27, 1862. 
" Bear Capt. Pawner,— Having heard in conversation with you, that Commander Preble of 
the U. S. N. had been dismissed in consequence of allowing the Oreto to pass his vessel- 
she being at the time employed in blockading Mobile— I beg to offer the following remarks 
with regard to the Oreto, which you are at perfect liberty to use, should they be productive 
of anything that would tend to alleviate the censure cast upon Commander Preble. 

" When at Nassau in June last, we met the Oreto, and she was reported as an English 
despatch vessel by my signal man as well as others. She was painted like a British vessel- 
of-w'ar, and on going aboard 1 found her fittings the same as our vessels of the same class. 
Had I met the Oreto at sea, armed, and wearing a pendant, I should have taken her for one 
of our ships. ' Yours vei T sincerely, 

W. N. W. Hewitt, Com'dr U. N." 

f " Navy Yard, New York, May 20, 1867. 

" My Bear Old Friend,— I have just heard something which I doubt not will be gratify- 
ing to you, as it has been to me on your account, and I hasten to send it to you. 

" James L. Parker, formerly Lieut. Com'dr in the Navy and now in the employ of the 
Atlantic Ins Co., 51 Wall St., New York, has recently returned from St. Thomas, where 
he went on business for the Company. On his return he had as a fellow passenger your 
old enemy J N. Maffitt, and had much conversation with him. He says that Maffitt told 
him that the Oreto was in a sinking condition from the effects of your shot, and would have 


20th of September summarily dismissed from the Naval Service of the 
United States. The news of his dismissal was first communicated to 
him through the columns of the New York Herald, while still in com- 
mand of the Oneida on the blockade off Mobile, and he did not receive 
official notification of it until the 12th of October, when it was sent 
him through Admiral Farragut. Captain T. A. Jenkins, the officer 
ordered to relieve him, did not arrive, however, from Pensacola until 
the 15tli, when Commander Preble took passage in the supply 
Steamer Rhode Island, Commander Trcnchard, for the North. The 
Rhode Island having first to visit New Orleans and Galveston, Pensa- 
cola, Port Royal and Hampton Roads, did not reach Boston until the 
12th of November. 

sunk bad he been obliged to go any farther, and that an XI. inch shell from the Oneida 
burst in the Oreto's berth deck, killing and wounding nine men. Maffitt considers your 
treatment in the affair a great outrage. 

" If yon know, or indeed if you do not know Parker, I have no doubt he would gladly 
give you the particulars. Yours truly, 

Ed. T. Nichols, Capt. TJ. S. N." 

" Wilmington, X. C, June 11, 18G7. 

"Dear Preble, — Yours of the 7th inst. is just at hand. As soon as I am pinioned I will 
comply wiih your request. The purport of my affidavit will be to the effect that you per- 
formed your duty well. Your tire was very formidable ; the hull of the Florida was perfo- 
rated a number of times, one man killed and eleven wounded, all or nearly all our rigging, 
Standing and running, was shot away, boats damaged, hammocks torn out of their nettings, 
and had I not sent the crew below, the casualties would have been severe. Nothing but 
the mperior speed of the 'Florida' saved her from destruction, as it was my fixed deter- 
mination to blow her up rather than be captured. When I heard of the conduct of the 
Department In regard to you, 1 was much astonished, and on all occasions did you ample 
Justice; nay more, 1 addressed Mr. Wilson of New York a letter in which I frankly stated 
the entire case, and requested him to send you a copy of the same. I would have written 
directly to you if the laws of war would have permitted me so to do. 

" How was it that ****** escaped the anger of the Department when I ran 
out of Mobile a lew moments before the break of day, he having 13 men-of-war under his 
command Surrounding the bar and assuring Admiral F. he had me safely locked up ? 

" It would not be judicious for me to send you an affidavit under present circumstances, 
I am informed that the President will soon pardon me; when that i- done you shall have 

tip- desired documents. What I have herein stated i- with the view of demonstrating my 

dcBire and intention of doing an old and esteemed friend fall justice. 

"I am your old friend, truly, 

J. N. Maffitt." 

Extracts from the letter to Mr. Wilson alluded to in the preceding letter, enclosed by 
Captain Maffltt :— 

• • • • • M I tin much surprised to learn that my old friend Preble has been eject- 
ed from the Navy in consequence of my passing through bis command on the ith of Sep- 
I tst. 

an officer more unjustly dealt with, for 1 can vouch for his promptness and 
on the occasion of my entering Mobile Hay. The superior, speed of the 
Florida alone saved her from destruction, though not from a frightful mauling. We were 
torntopi «, one man's head taken off, and eleven wounded; boats, standing and run- 
ning rigging shot away, also fore-gall". Four shells struck our hull, and had the one (XL 

7 ; ), n ( '< 


Before Mr. Preble's return, his friends, convinced that great injus- 
tice had been done him, circulated petitions for his restoration, which 
were signed by the principal merchants (those most interested in the 
capture of the " Oreto "), and others of Portland, Salem, New Bedford 
and Boston, and his friends and neighbors in Cambridge. 

The late Hon. William Pitt Fessenclen was one of the earliest to 
express his opinion of the injustice done him, and was most earnest 
in his endeavors to obtain his restoration. lie wrote Mrs. Preble im- 
mediately on the announcement of her husband's dismissal : — 

" Portland, Sept. 24, 1862. 

"My Dear Madam, — I have written Secretary Welles, protesting in 
the strongest terms against the action of government in the case of 
your husband. In my judgment it was unjust and even cruel upon 
its face. You may be assured that I am ready to do anything in my 
power to aid him, and will omit nothing that will tend to his restora- 
tion. I am sincerely his friend, and feel deeply his and your mis- 
fortune. . Yours very truly, 

"Mrs. Preble, Cambridge. W. P. Fessenden." 

To Mr. Preble before his return, and on receiving a letter from him 
accompanying the statements of the officers of the Oneida, he wrote: 

."Portland, Oct. 27, 1862. 
" My Dear Sir, — Your letter with the statements of your officers has 
been received. They have not changed my opinion, for from the be- 

inch) that grazed our boiler and entered the berth deck (killing one and 'wounding two) 
exploded, every man belonging to the Steamer would have been killed, as I had only the 
officers on deck, until about to cross the bar, when I made some sail, and one man was 
■wounded in the rigging : we had about 1400 shrapnel shot (balls) in our hull, and our masts 
were pitted like a case of small pox. 

" I cannot write Preble as now situated. This unfortunate war has not alienated my 
personal sentiments from old friends and shipmates. Of course our different views and 
different positions draw a line of demarcation so antagonistic that there can be no official 
sympathy between us. Knowing (and I can best judge) that Preble did his duty as an officer 
and a seaman, I could not but feel disgusted at the treatment he received, and if you can 
with delicacy and perfect propriety as well as personal safety, let my old friend know this 
expression of my views I shall feel obliged. 

" He could not make any public use of this statement, without detriment to his interest, 
as violent and foolish men might bring a false charge of complicity with the enemy. 

" You I trust will comprehend and appreciate the sentiments that actuate me in express- 
ing an honorable appreciation of an opponent; had I been able, I would have captured him. 
At the time, I had but few men, some of whom were down with the yellow fever, and I 
myself was barely able to crawl, having been out of my bed but two days recovering from a 
fearful attack of the same disease. Thirty-six hours after my arrival, Lieut. Stribling my 
first officer died of this terrible tyrant of the tropics. 

" I hope Preble will be restored to his proper position. 'Tis not my disposition to be 
gratified at the misfortune of an old friend, though now an official enemy. * * * 

J. N, Maffitt." 


ginning I have never doubted that you did your duty faithfully and 
manfully. ***** You were entitled to an investigation, and 
to dismiss you without one, was cruelly unjust. I have been boiling- 
over with indignation at this proceeding from the first, and cannot 
trust myself to write the President on the subject for fear that I might 
do you more harm than good. It is sufficient to say that you have in 
DO respect, nor to any extent lost my respect and confidence, and that 
you may rely upon me to do everything I can to see you righted. * 
* * * * All your friends here sympathize deeply with your mis- 
fortune, and consider you entirely blameless. 

" Your friend truly, 

W. P. Fessexdex." 

The expression of sympathy and indignation at this treatment 
throughout the Navy, both by word and letter, was general and sincere.* 
Numerous letters from friends and even from persons personally un- 
known to him, condemning the action that had been taken, were received 
by him. The press, also, almost unanimously, was on his side. Admi- 
ral l'arragut wrote to the Secretary : — " I regret that my statement of 
Commander Preble's case should have drawn upon him such summary 
and severe punishment." And to Commander Preble he wrote — "I 
deeply regret the Department have dealt with you so severely." And 
in another letter he said — " You judge me rightly when you supposed 
I oever intended to do you such a lasting injury, and 1 trust and sin- 
cerely hope you will be as able to satisfy the President, as my sell', 
thai you were at most only culpable in hesitating between the risk of 
insulting a British vessel-of-war, and running (he risk of allowing an 
7 /.; escape. Our orders are very stringent in both cases." 

In a recent letter, Jan. 10, 1870, on the point of hesitancy and over 
Oantion — for which alone he ever blamed Commander Preble — he wrote : 
" I now willingly withdraw that opinion [that you were not sufficient- 
ly prompl at the time ] , inasmuch as I perceive from the report of Oapt. 
Maffitl thai you injured Ins vessel far more than we had believed, and 
thai if you had had a sufficient quantity of steam you would doubtless 
have captured her." 

This want of steam was from the Oneida's having hail one of the 
boilers under repair, and steam could not be raised upon it Seasonably. 

This would doI have been the case had Commander Preble been in- 

which and forth pampUet of sixty pages, entitled " The chase of the 

' Oreto, Com' J. N. Maffltt, C. S. N., Into the Bay of Mobile bjr the 

l, Com'dr George H.Pn Cambridge: 

fttal • i dauon. it- 


formed the " Oreto" was out and proposed running the blockade at 
Mobile. A letter to him, signed by all the Engineers of the Oneida, 

says : — 

* * * * * n YVe had, during the day, been repairing one of 
our boilers, and had started fire under it only a short time previous to 
the Steamer making her appearance. The boiler had not sufficient 
time to generate steam. We were, therefore, deprived of half our 
power and compelled to confine our speed to a smaller limit than our 
maximum. Had the affair occurred an hour later, the result would 
have been different." ***** 

Immediately after his return home, on the assembling of Congress in 
December, Mr. Preble proceeded to Washington to obtain reversion of 
his sentence, and a full investigation of his official conduct by a Court of 
Inquiry or Court Martial. The Secretary was obstinate, and would 
not give him the full investigation he demanded, but at last consented 
to a partial one, before which his own statements, without those of his 
officex-s or the letters of the Admiral, were considered. At last, how- 
ever, by the perseverance of his friends and the justice of his cause, he 
was nominated to the Senate by the President, and on the unanimous 
recommendation of the Naval Committee, on the 21st of February, 
1863, confirmed and restored to his old rank and position as a Com- 
mander in the Navy from the 16th of July, 1862, tho date from which 
by his first appointment he was to take rank.* 

Space and prominence have been given to this "Oreto affair" because 
of its consequences, and to refute the statements of the Reverend 
author of the " History of the Navy in the Rebellion, " that the Oreto, 
in broad daylight, and on a pleasant afternoon, passed " unscathed 
into the Bay of Mobile " — that the Cayuga, the second vessel in point 
of size, was sent away to " shoot cattle," and that " it was known to 
all the world " (in which of course he included the little portion of it 

* " Washington, Feb. 14, 1863. 
"My Dear Sir,— Your name was sent to the Senate yesterday for your former position. 
As it is not strictly within rule to speak of nominations, you will please keep this to yourself 
just now. There is no doubt of your confirmation, as your restoration was recommended 
by all the Naval Committee. Yours very truly, 

W. P. Fessenden." 

" Washington, Feb. 16, 1863. 
" Dear Sir, * * * * The Chairman of the Naval Committee told me what you have 
known now for some days, that you had been nominated to your old rank. * * * You 
know of course that the Naval Committee unanimously recommended your restoration * 
* * * * I congratulate you on your triumph, and the country on again receiving the 
benefit of your services, and rejoice that your honored name, a part of New England's 
heritage, is again flying at the mast-head. Believe me, yours truly, 



upon the blockade) " that the Oreto was hovering about the Bahamas,"* 
ami that " the Secretary was sustained by the opinion of a great ma- 
jority of the officers of the Navy in his summary dismissal of Com- 
mander Preble. "f Statements he had abundant means of ascertain- 
ing were not true, by examining papers on file at the Navy Department. 
Immediately on his restoration, Commander Preble applied for 

* The TJ. S. supply steamer Connecticut with the mails arrived at Pensacola several 
days before the Oreto run the blockade at Mobile, and brought the news of the Oreto's 
hovering around the Bahamas, and of the escape of " No. 290 " from England. Subsequent to 
the Connecticut's arrival, several steamers from Pensacola passed the blockade at Mobile, 
but without bringing her mail or any despatch. 

The senior officer at New Orleans also received a despatch from It. W. Shufcldt, our Consul 
General at Havana, stating the Oreto would probably attempt the blockade at Mobile, but 
did not forward it, though urged to do so by Capt. Caldwell, who gave it to him. The 
following recent letter from Capt. Shufcldt, who was then the TJ. S. Consul at Havana, 
shows the nature and importance of this despatch : 

" Miantoxomiah, Boston Harbor, Jan. 11, 1870. 

" My Dear Preble, — Your case has always met with my warmest sympathy. A more 
undeserved instance of summary punishment is not to be found upon the records of any 
Naval History. 

" I remember distinctly the letter you refer to in regard to the movements of the Florida. 
/ had information almost positive that she teas bound to run the blockade at Mobile, and as 
I considered it of very great importance I took unusual means to send the information to 
the blockading squadron, although I have forgotten exactly what those means were. I re- 
member, however, hearing subsequently that my despatch got no further than New Orleans, 
and remarking at the time that If the senior officer there had taken as much trouble to send 
the information to you as I had taken in getting and forwarding it, the Florida would never 
have passed the blockading squadron. 

" My letter on the subject may possibly be found in the Consular office at Havana. I 
have no copy myself. I am most truly your friend, 

" Capt. G. H. PBSBLB, It. W. Shvfelut, Capt. TJ. S. N." 

Charlestown, Mass." 

t Admiral Farragut wrote Commander P. : — " Permit mc to assure you no one has been 
pained more at your dismissal than myself." 

Vin-Admiral Porter wrote him: — " I assure you I never heard any one impute any par- 
ticular bldme to you for the Oreto affair." 

The late Rcar-Admiral Palmer, then Fleet Captain of Farragut's squadron, wrote him:— 
" Wc all here hope the Government will give you the investigation you demand." 

The late Keai-Adiuiral II. 11. Bell, also one of Farragut's Fleet Captains, wrote him.— "I 
Wish you complete and thorough success in your attempt to obtain legal and equitable 
Justice from the powers that rule." 

Uear-A.liuiral Dahlirivn wrote him:— "I interested myself in your trouble off Mobile, 
and my purpose in giving you the Fleet Brigade was to assist you still farther." 
Commander J. R. MeMullany wrote him from off Charleston, S. C. : 

" i have beard nothing but the most lively expressions of regret throughout this division 

oftle' Bqaadron in relation to the matter, and I foal quite certain that the announcement of 
your n Iteration to the Service at an early date, would be received with very great pleasuro 
by all the otlleers on thi> station." 

ThflM are extracts from only a few of the hundreds of letters Commander Preble re- 
I (rom Offlcen Of the Navy, to say nothing of the greater number of personal axpT ■>- 
1 a- 1. tteri from friends and in some instances from strangers, expressing indig- 
B»* 1 sympathy for the- treatment to which he had been subjected. 


sea service on the blockade, and a naval friend of high rank wrote 
him that " he hoped the Department would put him in command of a 
craft that could catch the Oreto." Instead, he was ordered to 
take the first steamer which left New York after the first of April 
for England, and proceed thence to Lisbon, Portugal, and report to 
Commander M. C. Marin for the command of the Sailing Sloop-of- 
War St. Louis. Accordingly he left New York in the Cunard 
Steamer Asia on the 9th of April, and after some delay in England, 
and further delay in Lisbon, waiting the return of the St. Louis from a 
cruise, relieved Comm'der Marin and assumed command of the St. Louis 
. in obedience to his orders, June 8, 1863 ; and on the 7th, four days 
after, -asked to be transferred to a Steam vessel — a general order, which 
forbid his applying for a change of orders until the order issued was com- 
plied with, having prevented an earlier application. On acknowledg- 
ing the receipt of his orders to the St. Louis on the 22d of March, 
however, he wrote the Secretary : — " While I may not by the General 
Order of Oct. 17, 1863, apply for a revocation or modification of this 
order, I should be false to my feelings if I did not inform the Depart- 
ment and place upon record my extreme regret at being ordered to a 
Sailing Sloop, the smallest of her class, and on distant service, when 
I had hoped to be assigned to the command of an appropriate Steam 
vessel engaged in active hostilities against the rebels on our coast, or 
one that could catch and cope with the Alabama or Oreto on the ocean. 
I made application to be ordered home from the Pacific to share in 
putting down this rebellion at its commencement, and I am not dis- 
posed to shirk any duty or afraid to meet any responsibility in my 
efforts towards restoring the Union." 

He asked for a favorable consideration of his application for a 
change of command, and assigned as a reason, that he was of opinion 
that " under ordinary circumstances, a steamer with one gun was 
more than a match for any sailing vessel." This application for active 
employment against the enemy was more than once repeated, but with- 
out eliciting any response from the stubborn old Secretary. 

The cruising of the " St. Louis " was confined to Lisbon on the 
North, the Canary Islands on the South, the Azores on the West, 
and Gibraltar on the East ; and she was " not to go outside of those 
limits unless in search of piratical vessels upon reliable information of 
the appearance of such vessels at any particular point." 

While upon this service his old foe — the Florida — came one night 
into the Roads of Madeira where the St. Louis was anchored, and re- 
mained two days. He succeeded in preventing her obtaining a full 
supply of coal, but she ran out again at night during a calm. He fol- 
lowed her to Teneriffe as soon as the breeze would allow the St. Louis 


being got under way, but did not, as might be expected, catch up with 
her or reach there until after she had coaled and flown to the South- 
ward. Had the Florida stood out to the Northward of the Island, she 
would have found the St. Louis rolling about in a calm, a good and 
helpless target for her rifled guns. 

The St. Louis was kept actively cruising within her prescribed 
limits until the 3d of Sept., 1864, when on his arrival at Teneriffe, 
Commander Preble received orders from the Navy Department to 
proceed with her (touching en route at the Cape de Verds and the 
Island of St. Thomas) to Port Royal, S. C, and report to Rear-Admiral 

He reported to the Admiral, on his arrival at Port Royal, Nov. 2, 
1864, and having undergone the required inspections, was on the 8th 
of Nov. ordered to proceed with the St. Louis to the North Edisto to 
sustain the blockade at that point and protect the coal supply vessels 
anchored in the river. With some difficulty the St. Louis was got over 
the bar. She was probably the largest vessel, and certainly of greater 
draft, than any that had ever entered the river. While on this service 
the surrounding water courses by his direction were often explored by 
her boats, and she received and was a refuge for a large number of 
Union people and fugitives from Southern prisons. 

While thus employed, Commander Preble was on the 24th of Novem- 
ber directed to take twenty selected men from her crew and all her 
mai-ines, and report himself with them to the Admiral at Port Royal for 
special duty. On his arrival he found a Fleet Brigade organizing to co- 
operate with an army force designed to assist General Sherman's ap- 
proach to the coast, whose army was then on its famous march through 
Georgia. This Fleet Brigade as organized consisted of thirty officers, 
three hundred and eight blue jackets and one. hundred and fifty-seven 
marines, making a total of about five hundred men and officers, and 
carrying, besides muskets and other arms, a battery of eight heavy 
naval howitzers, three of which were rifled. On the 27th and 28th 
the Brigade was assembled and exercised. On the morning of the 29th 
it was sent up the river, disembarked at Boyd's neck the same evening, 
and united with an army force under Brig.-General J. P. Hatch. On 
the morning of the 30th of Nov. the Brigade was engaged in the bat- 
tle of Honey Hill, which began at 8.30 A.M., and was not concluded 
until 0.30 P.M. In that art inn, though less than 3000 were engaged, Deal 
700 were killed or wounded. Subsequently the Brigade participated 
in the actions of the 0th, 7th and 0th of Dec, on Do Vaux's aeok, and 
was daily under lire until withdrawn on the 2Sth of Dee. The total 

casualties of the Brigade 'luring the month's campaign amounted to 

fifty one. 


Rear-Admiral Dahlgren in his order to Commander Preble, Dec. 26, 
1864, directing him to return with the Fleet Brigade to the Squadron, 
thus testifies to its services. " You will convey to the Fleet Brigade 
my appreciation of the service it has rendered. The detailed report 
from the commanding officers will be transmitted to the Navy Depart- 
ment, and will contain the full accounts of the service rendered and 
of the names of the officers engaged. 

"I cannot omit to bear my own testimony to the fidelity and zeal 
with which the officers of the different battalions, artillery, seamen 
and marines endeavored to train their men in the few days which the 
urgency of circumstances permitted." 

On the 7th of Dec, after one of the actions in which it was engaged, 
Admiral Dahlgren wrote the Secretary of the Navy : — ■" Nothing could 
be more satisfactory than the behavior of the Fleet Brigade ; the 
officers and men go to the work with a zeal and vigor that is deserving 
of all praise, and make me regret my force is too limited to permit a 
stronger detachment, for I have more howitzers." And on the 4th of 
Jan., 1865, after the withdrawal of the Brigade, he again wrote him : 
" The excellent service performed by the Brigade has fully realized my 
wishes and exemplified the efficiency of the organization. * * * The 
'howitzers ' were always landed as quickly as the men, and were 
brought into action before the light pieces of the land service could 
be got on shore. I regret very much that the reduced complements 
of the vessels prevented me from maintaining the force in constant 

He again shows his appreciation of its services in the following : — 

" General Order No. 62, May 9, 1865. After much unavoidable 
delay the muster roll of the Fleet Brigade has been completed (i. e. 
printed), and I am thus enabled to make due mention of the Expedi- 
tion to which it belonged. 

" This was undertaken in order to prepare for the arrival of General 
Sherman, who was known to be marching for the coast. 

" The naval part was composed of the Harvest Moon (Flag), Paw- 
nee, Mingo, Pontiac, Sonoma, Winona, Petite and Daffodil, on board 
of which was embarked the Fleet Brigade under Commander Preble. 

" The vessels first reached the landing at Boyd's Neck, Nov. 29, 
and the Fleet Brigade was put ashore with infantry and howitzers de- 
ployed in skirmishing order. It soon advanced with the troops under 
General Hatch, and shared in the hard fighting near Grahamsville. 

" With its howitzer the Brigade afterwards held the extreme left of 
an entrenched position, until Dec. 6, when the army moved to the 
Tulefinney, the Fleet Brigade in company. 

" After a successful feint by the Pawnee and the gunboats command- 


ing the rebel position on the Coosawhatchie, a landing was promptly 
effected on the Tulefinney. Severe fighting followed, in which the 
officers and men of the Fleet Brigade did their full share and lost heavily. 

" The commanding general has since handsomely acknowledged the 
good service which I have made known in a squadron order.* 

" The roll of the Brigade is now appended, and I regret that the 
limits of a squadron order do not permit me to give a detailed state- 
ment of the part they bore. The reports of the officers have been 
forwarded, however, to the Navy Department, and it only remains for 
me to thank Commander Preble, the commanders and their executive 
officers of battalions; Lt. Com'ders Matthews and Crosman ; Lieuts. 
O'Kane, Whitehead, Ilayward and Kennison, and Lieut, of Marines 
Stoddard ; the officers, sailors and marines of the Brigade, for the 
creditable manner in which they fulfilled the task assigned them. 

" Also Commanders Balch and Creighton, Luce, Fillebrown and 
Dana, commanding the Gunboats, for their services on the occasion. 

"John A. Dahlgrex, Bear-Admiral 
Commanding S. A. Blockading Squadron." 

Again, in General Order No. 65, June IT, 1865, on taking leave of 
the Squadron and reviewing its work under him, Rear-Admiral Dahl- 
gren says of the Fleet Brigade : — ■ 

* " General Order No. 3. (Third yearly scries.) 

Flag-Ship Harvest Moon, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, Feb. 7, 1865. 

" It affords me pleasure to say to the officers and men of the late Fleet Brigade, that Gen. 
Hatch, with whose Division they bore a part in the recent expedition up Broad river, has 
been pleased to write me concerning them as follows: — 

" ' I only regretted that by leaving during my absence I was deprived of the opportunity 
of Informing them of the high estimation in which they were held, not only by myself but 
the entire command: 

" ' You will confer on me a favor by announcing to the Brigade that its gallantry in action, 
and good conduct during the irksome life in camp, won from all the land forces with which 
ii lerved the highest praises. The officers, for their gentlemanly bearing and strict atten- 
tion to duty, received from all the credit justly their due. 

" ' The harmony that prevailed throughout the command proved that if any jealousy had 
previously existed between the different branches of the service, all that was wanting to 
efface it was a better Knowledge of each other. 

•• 'To Commander Preble, Lt.Comd's Matthews, O'JCane, Crosman, and Lieut. Stoddard, 

with whom I was myself more intimately brought in contact, I give my warmest thanks for 

the support rendered me. Very respectfully vourobdt servant, 

John P. Hatch, 
Brig. -Gen' I Commanding. 1 
" I am well assured that no idle compliment la here meant; the manly, straight-forward 

Character of General Batch assures you and me that every word said is fully intended. It 

will ai • inject of unmixed satisfaction to you all that you had the opportunity of 

drawing race commendation from the gallant veteran who in hi- p moo was your « 

John A. 1) v I f i . - 
i« .i Commanding S. A. blockading Squadron." 

^^n^^^- ^as&/47v& 


" Late in 1864 General Sherman began that campaign which would 
of itself place him among the foremost military commanders of history, 
and to facilitate his communication with the ocean, a joint movement 
was made up Broad River by General Foster and a detachment of 
steamers from the Squadron menacing the enemy's own communica- 
tions near Coosawhatchie. 

" The Fleet Brigade was organized from the officers and marines of 
the Squadron and did good service, participating in all the actions, 
which were often severe. 

" At Boyd's Creek the sailors and marines were ashore first and 
deployed as skirmishers. At Tulefinney the howitzers were rushed 
up to assist the advance then'heavily engaged with the enemy, and by 
a few decisive rounds threw them back." 

In a letter addressed to Commander Preble, Aug. 12, 1866, the 
Admiral says : — " You ask — ' May I claim your endorsement for the 
time I was under your command?' You have had it. The service of 
the Fleet Brigade under yourself and officers was of the most merito- 
rious kind. My Public Orders arid the" recognition of the General 
under whom it served testify to this fully (General Orders Nos. 98, 101, 
106 (1864), Nos. 3, 62,-65 (1865), ;alsO your own reports which 
appear with the annual reports of the :Navy Department. 

"I was not .myself in action- with the. Brigade, being in the 
Squadron that cooperated with the army, but Was- with the Brigade 
when it landed at Boyd's Neck, before a soldier was on shore, and 
placed its advanced line with its .artillery a mile •to the front to feel 
the enemy before the troops had all landed, and after some of the 
actions visited the Brigade in advanced position near the enemy. 
The losses of the Brigade speak for its service." ' 

Major-General J* G. Foster also wrote him : — " Your services in com- 
mand of the Marine Brigade while operating with my force to favor a 
junction with General Sherman's array were of great value. At the 
battles of Honey Hill, and the engagements upon De Vaux's Neck 
towards Pocotaligo, your force aided in a great degree to ensure our 
success, and were in fact under the circumstances invaluable." 

Brigadier-General J. P. Hatch wrote him: — "The Brigade was 
under my command over a month, being daily under fire and exposed 
to all the hardships of a winter campaign. In a letter* addressed to 
Admiral Dahlgren, I endeavored to express the feeling of myself and 
command towards the Brigade, whose gallantry and cheerful endur- 
ance of the hardships incident to the season and the nature of the 
duties performed, had won the regards of all ; also to express my ap- 

* See General Order No. 3, note to page 226. 


preciation of your own valuable services and those of several of your 

Brig. Gen'l E. E. Potter, after enumerating the service of the 
Brigade, adds : — "I had thus every opportunity to observe the gal- 
lantry of your command in the field, and during the subsequent 
period of their service on shore I had occasion to remark the cheer- 
ful readiness with which they bore discomforts and hardships, particu- 
larly trying to seamen. Your official relations with Gen. Hatch and 
myself were of the most harmonious character, without any trace of 
that jealousy which has sometimes been found to arise between the 
two services." 

The Rev. C. B. Boynton has omitted to mention the Fleet Brig- 
ade, in his History of the Navy during the Rebellion, though he boasts 
of having had free access to the files of the Navy Department. For 
that reason, and for the credit of the Navy, and of the officers and 
men who composed the Brigade, these official recognitions of its services 
have here been printed. 

On the disbanding of the Brigade, Commander Preble resumed his 
command in the North Edisto — and continued there until the 19th of 
March, 1865, when in obedience to orders from. the Navy Depart- 
ment he got the St. Louis over the bar, and proceeded in her to Port 
Royal to fit her for a cruise to Aspinwall. The ship, on examination 
and survey, being found and reported, from the length of time 
she had been in commission, worn out and unfit for that service, 
Commander Preble was on the 4th of April transferred to the com- 
mand of the Steamer State of Georgia, and sailed from Port Royal on the 
Cth for Aspinwall, where he arrived on the 15th of the same month. His 
orders were to remain at Aspinwall for the protection of our commer- 
cial interests in that quarter, and to "co-operate with the American 
Minister at Bogota, Allen A. Burton, Esq., in such measures as it 
may be deemed proper to adopt in order to relieve our citizens at the 
Isthmus of the unjust taxes to which they are subjected." He was 
also " to co-operate with the Naval forces at Panama, in protecting the 
persons and property of citizens of the United States in their transit 
over the Isthmus, should cither be endangered by lawless parties and 
the use of armed force become necessary." 

On the 2d of May, the sad news of the assassination of President 
Lincoln reached Aspinwall, and was appropriately noticed by the dis- 
play of colors at half-mast and firing of minute guns, and on the 5th, by 
the return steamer, Commander Preble transmitted to the Secretary of 
the Navy onehumlnMl and three dollars, subscribed by the officers and 
crew of the State of Georgia towards the one dollar "National Monu- 
ment" proposed to be erected to our Martyr President, the receipt of 






which was duly acknowledged by George W. Riggs, Treasurer of the 
Lincoln National Monument Association. 

On the 7 th of June, information having been received at Aspinwall 
of the wreck on Roncador reef of the Central American Transit Com- 
pany's Steamship Golden Rule, with between six and seven hundred 
passengers on board, all of whom were landed on the reef and in im- 
minent danger of perishing from want of water, Comni'der Preble 
proceeded with the State of Georgia and Steamer Huntsville, Lieut. 
Comm'der Devens, to the scene of the disaster, and succeeded in rescu- 
ing the whole and bringing them in safety to Aspinwall. In acknow- 
ledgment of this service he received the thanks of the rescued people 
transmitted through the Navy Department.* 

He continued on special command at Aspinwall, until relieved by the 
arrival of the U. S. Steamer James Adger on the 16th of August, when 
with a crew much debilitated from the malaria, he sailed on the 17th for 
the United States, and stopping at Cape Haytien for coal, arrived at 
New York on the 29th of August. The State of Georgia was put out 
of commission on the 11th of September, and Comm'der Preble re- 
turned to his home after an absence of two years and six months. 

One month after his return home, on the 14th of October, 1865, 
Comm'der Preble was ordered to the Boston Navy Yard, as the General 
Inspector of Supplies, and continued on that duty until July 5, 1867, 
when on the re-organization of the government of the Navy Yards, he 

* "Navy Department, 
"Washington, Aug. 12, 1865. 
" Sir, — I herewith enclose a copy of the resolutions adopted by the passengers shipwrecked 
In the Golden Rule, expressing then: gratitude for your efforts on their behalf. 

Very respectfully, fflc. 
" Commander Geo. H. Preble, G. Welles, 

Com'dg U. S. S. State of Georgia, New York. Secretary of the Navy." 


"Steam Ship America, June 30, 1865. 
" At a meeting of passengers of the Golden Rule, held on board the ship, this day, the 
following resolutions were unanimously adopted : 

" Resolved,— That we unite in the expression of our deep-felt gratitude to Captains Preble 
and Devens of the U. S. War Vessels State of Georgia and Huntsville, for the promptness 
with which they came to our relief on learning of our shipwreck on a desolate Island in the 
Carribean Sea. 

" Resolved,— -That to them and the gentlemanly officers of their respective ships, we owe 
a debt of lasting gratitude for their patient and unremitting efforts for our comfort, and that 
their generous conduct has served to increase our just pride, as American citizens, in that 
noble body of men, the officers of the Navy of the United States, of which they are worthy 

" Resolved,— That copies of these resolutions be transmitted to Captains Preble and 
Devens, the Secretary of the U. S. Navy, and to the California Press for publication. 

John B. Welleb, Chairman." 

" M. A. Edwards, ) e * • » 
Michael Kane,' \ Secretaries. 



was directed to assume the duties of Equipment Officer at the same 
Yard, which includes the care of the equipment of vessels in ordi- 
nary, and the rigging and equipment of all vessels fitting for sea, also 
charge of the rope-walk in which is manufactured the rope for the 
entire Navy. 

In the special promotions for efficient service in the rebellion, July 
16, 1866, his name was not included,* but having passed all the re- 

* On learning of these promotions, Cant. Preble addressed the Hon. J. W. Grimes, chair- 
man of the Naval Committee of the Senate, on the subject, and received the following 
reply :— 

" Burlixgtox, Iowa, Aug. 29, 1866. 

" My Dear Sir,— Your letter of the 29th inst. has come to hand. It is impossible for mc 
to say why you was not promoted, for I have no information on the subject. It was not 
because of your name being disagreed to by the Senate, for it was never sent to the Senate 
for promotion. The Senate accepted the list precisely as sent in, without even reading. I do 
not believe that any human being, save Admiral Farragut, was consulted in regard to a 
single promotion. I certainly was not, and I do not believe that any one was. * * * 
* * thus it was that the Senate, if there had been time, would probably have been indis- 
posed to undertake to revise the list, for it must have been blindly and very unsatisfactorily. 

" I was never very much in favor of the law, but the Department in the name of the service 
Insisted upon it, and I finally agreed to it; bat it was not passed until every man in the 
Senate had a full understanding of it in all its bearings, as the Congressional Globe will 
show. I was surprised at some of their commendations and at some of the omissions, but my 
own information was not of the character to justify me in advising the Senate to set aside 
the entire list, which would have been the case had we attempted to interfere with any one 
nominee in any one of the grades, they all depending on each other. 

"I told the people at the Department that I thought mistakes had been made — that they 
ought to be rectified, and that they still had the power to do it. What may be done, I do 
not know. I have no Intercourse with naval men between sessions, nor with the Department, 
ajid can't say what their views are, but I have no doubt there will be a disposition to do full 
justice to all parties. Certainly that will be my purpose. Opinions will be formed and 
crystallized on the subject before Congress meets. I am very truly yours, 


Charlestown Navy Yard. 
The clause of the law approved July 25, 1866, under which these special promotions were 
made, is this ; — " Provided that the increase in the grades authorized by this act shall be made 
by selection from the grade next below of officers who have rendered the most efficient and 
faithful service during the recent war, and who possess the highest professional qualifica- 
tions and attainments. And nothing in this act shall preclude advancement in rank now 
authorized by law tor distinguished conduct in battle, or tor extraordinary heroism." Yet 
it Is notorious that officers were promoted who came Into active service at the eleventh hour, 

that had only been on harbor BBrvice, that never had a hostile gun tired at them, that 
were never in any of the great Oghtt Of the war, or even little ones, or only in command of 

Hospital Ships; ami that one at least is acknowledged to have been promoted by mistake 

bl another bearing the same name, &C 

The law Itself was an Injudicious one. No naval or military man will dispute the propriety 
of promoting for distinguished service in battU — but then the commission should be a perma- 
ord of the fart to him and tor his children, and it should be Btated on the commis- 
sion tot what special sen ice or ait of heroism it \\a.» granted. To promote by selection a 
whole body of Officers at the Cl08e Of 8 ■ n at war, selected at the caprice or prejudice- of the 

Depart! t, where all had been serving faithfully and to the best of their ability, must 

tend to destroy that $tprit A oorpa which la the life of any service. 

lenSecretarj ol the Navy, Bon. GidecnWeUe^ entertained the fallacy that as every 


quired examinations as to bis mental, moral, physical and" profes- 
sional fitness, he was promoted by seniority on the 16th of March, 
1867, a Captain in the Navy, and received a commission to take rank 
from the 29th of January, 1867. 

one went up on the list in the grade he was then in, all were benefited, as they would he 
sooner promoted to the grade next above ; but he forgot, or did not see, that these promo- 
tions were a special bar to the higher grades for those who were overslau< T hed. Thus in 
Capt. Preble's case, had he been selected with the fourteen who were promoted over him, 
he would have been a Commodore in 1872, and have retired as a Rear Admiral at the a"-e 
of sixty- two; whereas now, unless there are death vacancies, he will retire in 1878 as a 

After Commodore Preble's attacks upon Tripoli, Congress, in 1805, passed a resolution 
giving him a gold medal, one month's pay to the petty ofiicers, seamen and marines of the 
squadron, and directing that a sword should be presented to each of the commissioned 
officers or midshipmen who distinguished themselves in the several attacks. 

In 1812, a resolution was introduced inquiring why these swords had not been presented. 
The Hon. Paul Hamilton, the Secretary of the Navy, replies : — 

" With respect to that part of the resolution which ' requests the President to cause a sword 
to be presented to each of the commissioned officers and midshipmen who distinguished 
themselves,' it is presumed that the President saw what to his mind appeared difficulties of 
great delicacy, from the peculiar language of the resolution. By the resolution he was re- 
quested to present swords to such only as had distinguished themselves ; and all having 
been represented to him as having acted gloriously, he could not in justice draw with pre- 
cision a line of discrimination. He felt, it is presumed, a repugnance to the making of a 
selection which by implication would necessarily have cast a reproach upon all not therein 
included. A degradation of that kind might have greatly injured the service, and could 
not possibly have been grateful to the honorable feelings of the favored officers." 

It is to be regretted that these remarks of the Hon. Mr. Hamilton were not- recollected 
when the select promotions of 1866 were made, as the result has been precisely as he stated 
would have been the case had a select few been presented with those swords. 

President Grant has remedied the injustice complained of in a few cases, and restored the 
officers to their former relative positions, and others have been recommended by him. The 
present Secretary of the Navy, the Hon. Geo. M.Robeson, in his report Dec. 31, 1869, says: 

" In the year I860, a board composed of Admirals who had commanded squadrons during 
the war, with Admiral Farragut as President, was convened by the Secretary of the Navy, 
to report the names of such officers as they deemed worthy of advancement under the Act 
of April 21, 1864. The board, after careful consideration,' made a report strictly according 
to the letter of their instructions, and their selections would, it is believed, have been satis- 
factory to the Navy at large. The recommendations of the Board were, however, not 
acquiesced in, and, the advancement was made quite independently of then action. The re- 
sult is, that many officers consider themselves as unjustly treated, and a feeling of discon- 
tent exists most undesirable in the service. Some of the cases affected by this action have 
been already acted on by this administration, but it is felt that the real merit of each case 
can only be properly judged by those who were personally cognizant of all its circum- 
stances, and that too many considerations would be lost sight of in the lapse of time to per- 
mit of direct action by the Department without risk of further mistakes. 

" It is suggested that the Department be authorized to appoint a board of officers, removed 
by high rank from all personal interest on this question, to examine the cases complained 
of, and to report their conclusions for such action by the Executive and Congress as to them 
may seem proper." 

Acting upon this recommendation, it is believed the Senate Naval Committee will soon 
report a bill ordering such a Board, when it is hoped that where injustice has been done it 
will be remedied. 


After having been nearly three years on duty at the Navy Yard, 
Capt. Preble was offered an appointment as the Chief of Staff, of 
Rear Admiral Craven, commanding the North Pacific Squadron, which 
he accepted. On the 1st of August, 1868, he left his home in Charles- 
town, and proceeded via New York and the Isthmus of Panama to San 
Francisco, where he reported for duty on the 25th of the same month. 

On the 19th of December, 1868, Commodore Edward Middleton 
was transferred to the command of the Lackawanna, another ship of the 
squadron, and Capt. Preble was ordered to take command of the Pen- 
eacola (2d rate Flag-Ship), of the Pacific Fleet, which vessel he con- 
tinues (1870) to command under Rear Admiral Turner, who relieved 
Eear Admiral Craven in command of the Pacific Fleet, June, 1869. 

The record of the official Navy Register shows that Capt. Preble 
has been thirty-four years and three months in the service : twenty-one 
years and eight months of that time at sea ; seven years and eleven 
months. on shore or other duty, and four years and eight months (in 
which is included six months before his first orders, and for which he 
received no pay) unemployed. 

Capt. Preble has held no civil offices or appointments, but is a 
member of several societies and associations, viz. : — 

March 6, 1843, he was elected a member of the Naval Library and 
Institute at the Charlestown Navy Yard, was elected its Librarian and 
Curator for 1858-59, and Vice President for 1866-67. 

Tie was in 1852 elected an associate member of the Portland Natural 
History Society — was chosen its Vice President for 1856-57, and 
elected a Corresponding Member, Jan. 1, 1863. 

October 9, 1854. He was elected an Honorary member of the 
Portland Rifle Corps. 

January 21, 1864. He was initiated and admitted to the third 
degree of Free Masonry, by the Tolerant Lodge of Lisbon, Portugal. 

June 6, 1866. He was elected a Resident Member of the New 
England Historic and Genealogical Society, and became a Life Mem- 
ber July 1, 1869. 

August 6, 1866. He was elected a Corresponding Member of the 
Maine Historical Society. 

February, 21, 1868. He was admitted a companion of the First 
Class of the Military Order of the Loyal League of the United Slates. 

April 20, 1869. Ho was elected a Corresponding Member of the 
State Historical Society of Wisconsin. 

The only male descendants of Capt. Enoch Preble, now living (1870), 
aro Geo. Henry Preble and his two sons. 




Misspt t sie Za SiaJi TreUe, 

'Hc>ioij Qxnard 3*fehte>. 


Grandchildren of Enoch and Sally (Cross) Preble. 

Children of Eben Preble and Agnes Deborah Taylor Archer : 

1. Sarah Ellen, b. in Gorham, Me., June 18, 1830 ; d. of scarlet 

fever, July 31, 1832. 

2. Mary Elizabeth, b. in Gorham, Me., June 24, 1833 ; unmarried, 

and residing with her mother in Gorham, 1870. 

Children of Adeline Preble and John Cox 
(All born in Portland, Me.) : — 

1. Frances Ellen, b. Feb. 16, 1837; unmar. and living in Portland. 

2. Elizabeth Harrod, b. June 30, 1843 ; d. of scarlet fever, April 

10, 1844. 

3. Elizabeth Harrod, b. August 24, 1845; unm. and living in Port- 

land. Has a fine musical taste and talent, and is a rare vocalist. 

Children of Capt. Geo. Henry Preble, U. S. N., and Susan Z. (Cox) 

Preble : — 

1. Henry Oxnard, named for Henry Oxnard of Boston, was b. at 

Portland, Me., January 4, 1847. The " Hall house," No. 80 
Cumberland St., in which he was born, was burnt in the great 
fire of July, 1866. From April, 1863, to Dec, 1864, during 
the war of the rebellion, he was a Captain's Clerk on board 
the U. S. Sloop-of-War St. Louis. On his return home he 
entered the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, then just 
organized, as a general student, but soon became a special stu- 
dent in chemistry , the favorite branch he chose for a profession, 
and is now an assistant teacher of chemistry in that Institute. 

He was admitted by the Henry Price Lodge of Charlestown, 
Mass., to the third degree of masonry, Feb. 24, 5869. 

In 1869 he was elected Superintendent of the Sunday School 
of the Harvard Chapel, a free church attached to the Unitarian 
Ministry at Large in Charlestown, and continues acceptably 
to attend to the duties of that office. 

2. Susie Zabiah, named for her mother, b. Sept. 1, 1850, at house No. 

62 Danforth Street, on the corner of Tyng St., Portland, Me. 

3. Mildred, born and died April 23, 1859, at Portland, Me. 

4. George Henry Bittenhouse, named for his father and father's 

friend, b. July 10, 1859, at the Commander's House, Charles- 
town Navy Yard, Mass. 



Nam* and Surname. Date of Jiirtlt. Plaot qf Birth, When married and who tm. 

2 — 1 iGeorge Henry Preble 
3—2 Susan Zabiah Cox 

Feb. 25, 1818 Portland, Me. 
lAup. 1, 1820 Portland, Me. 

/ N.>v. is. 1845, by \ 
SRey.LNlcholfi, D.D.? 

TnE Gr.vND- 



Capt Enoch Preble 

Sally Cross 

John Cos 

Thankful Harris Gore 

July 2, 1768 Portland, Me. 
Sept. 22, 1777 Bradford, Mass. 

Peb. 13, 170.-) Portland. Me. 
Oct. 19, 1708; Boston, Mass. 

Sept 1 1, 1800, l.v 
Rcv. Caleb Jewett 

Nov. i, isi7. by 
Rev. II. Holley. P.P. 

TnE Great 1 - 

s— i Brig. Gen. Jedidiah Preble 

9 — 6 Menitable Bangs 

10— 8 Josiah Cox 

u — o Susan Greenleaf 

12—9 Deacon Thomas Cross 

13—7 Lucy Hovey 

14 — 4 Jeremiah Core 

.".— s Thankful Harris 

1707 Fork, Me. 

172;; Harwich, Mass. 

Jan. 17. 1768 

Nov. 18, 1711 
Mar. 16, 17 Is 

Jan. 12. 1768 
Nov. 22, 1766 

Portland, Me. 

[pswich, Mass. 
Boxford, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 
Boston, M lbs. 

Maj 9, 1754, by \ 
Ber.Thos. Smith. j 

Jan. 28, 1785, by 5 

Ucv. S. Deane, D.D. ( 

Nor. 17. 1767, by I 
Rev. John Coining. J 

An*. 3, 1789, by S 

The Gke.vt'-I.'reat*- 

16—1 Benjamin Preble 

17—'' Marj Baa 

18— 9 Capt. John I 

19— 10 Sarah PrOCtOX 

'ii—:: Thomas Cross 

.'1 — 11 Sarah lSonlman 

-_' — 1 Jeremiah (one 
i8 — 12 Marj Watson 

'I — '. Capt Josboa 1 
-18 Habitable Clarke 

■1;— Joseph Greentaaf 
7—1 1 Snsan Pearson 

■s— 7 [Deacon Joseph Horey 
.".»— i.'i Bebeoca Bticknej 

10 — 8 Istephen Harris 
11—16 Sarah Sh.rrar.l 

1657 York, Me, 
fork, Me. 

17-0 Dorchester, Mass, 
Feb. 23, 172.' Falmouth. Me. 

Mar. 10, 1689 [pswich, Mass. 
[pswich, Mass. 

Dec 'jo, 1734 Bpzbnry, M 

Bbxburj . Mass. 

1692 Harwich, Mam. 

Oct 29, 1696 Harwich, V 

Jane 8, 

!•'. b. B, 

Julv 17, 

irbury, Mass. 
1 hm j . Mass. 

1712 Boxford. 

17-' 1 Bradford, Mac , 

July 26, 1742 Bostoi 

Boston. Mass. 

Sept. 1789, by \ 

Ucv. Thoa. Smith, j 

Feb. 18, 1720-1. $ 


June IS. 1713, by < 
Joseph Doan 

Feb. 13, 1758. \ 

Mar. 21, 1713-1, by S 
BOT. Win. Halch". ) 

: i, 1765, by S 

1. Mr. Walker. ) 



Age at Marriage. Date of Death. Place of Death. Cause of Death. Age at Death. 

29 yrs. 8 m. 25 d. 
2d yrs. 3 m. 18 d. 



37 yrs. 2 rn. 12 d. 
22 yrs. 11 m. 22 d. 

22 yrs. 8 m. 22 d. 
19 yrs. 16 days. 

Sept. 28, 1842 
June 20, 1848 

July 11, 1833 

Portland, Me. 
Portland, Me. 

Portland, Me. 

Consumption, &c. 


79 vrs. 2 m. 26 d. 
70 yrs. 8 m. 28 d. 

34 yrs. 8 m. 22 d. 





47 yrs. 
26 yrs. 

29 yrs. 

17 yrs. 6 days. 

26 yrs. 

18 yrs. 8 mos. 

26 yrs. 6 m. 22 d. 
23 vrs. 8 m. 12 d. 

Mar. 11, 1784;Portland, Me. 
Aug. 20, ISOojPortland, Me. 

July 20, 1829 Portland, Me. 
Dec. 17, 1850 Portland, Me. 

Feb. 15, 1819[Gorham, Me. 
May 21,1821 | Gorham, Me. 

Oct. 12, 1836 Portland, Me. 
Mar. 26, 1851 Portland, Me. 

Gout and Old Age. 


Old Age. 

Old Age. 

77 yrs. 
77 yrs. 

73 yrs. 

82 yrs. 11 mos. 

77 yrs. 3 m. 2 days 
73 yrs. 2 m. 5 days 

73 yrs. 9 mos. 

85 yrs. 4 m. 4 days 








19 yrs. 

17 yrs. 8 mos. 

30 yrs. 11 m. 8 d. 

21 yrs. 

15 yrs. 7 m. 20 d. 

21 yrs. 8 m. 10 d. 
19 yrs. 5 days. 

30 yrs. 8 m. 4 d. 
18 yrs. 5 m. 18 d. 

22 yrs. 6 m. 20 d. 


1732 York, Me. 

1789 Cornwallis, N. S. 
25, 1761 Falmouth, Me. 


July 9, 1S13 

May 23, 1762 Portland, Me. 
April 5, 1761 Portland, Me. 

Oct. 3, 1795 Portland, Me. 
Dec. 22, 1816 Portland, Me. 

Dec. 23, 1785 Boxford, Mass. 
Feb. 19, 1788 Boxford, Mass. 

Oct. 19, 1798 Boston, Mass. 

Old Age. 

Cancer in the Ear. 


75 years. 


yrs. 8 m. 2 days 


78 yrs. 6 m. 13 d. 

70 yrs. 

64 yrs. 5 m. 7 d. 

59 yrs. 4 m. 

76 yrs. 10 m. 14 d. 

73 yrs. 5 m. 6 d. 
67 yrs. 4 m. 16 d. 

56 yrs. 2 m 24 d. 




22 i 






* See Note 1. 



The Great'-Great 2 - 

Ko. Name and Surname. Date of Birth. Place of Birth. When married and who by 


31 — 2 











.31— 2<; 










Abraham Preble 
Judith Tilden 

Capt. John Cocks, Jr. 
Tabitha Davenport 

George Cross 

Samuel Gore 
Mary Williams 

Capt. Edward Bangs 

Joseph Grcenleaf 

Luke Hovcv 
Susanna Pil-bury 

Stephen Han-is 
Thankful Tuckerman 

Thomas Baston 

Samuel Proctor 
Susanna Brackett 

Thomas Bordinan 
Sarah Langley 


Andrew Clark 

Habitable Scottow 

Amos Pearson 
Mary Morse 

Thomas Stickncy 
Mary Mullikcn 

Wm. Shcrrard 
Mary Webber 

May 3,1688 

Sept. 1, 1699 
July 14, 1710 

Sept. 30, 1665 

Sept. 25, 1717 


3, 1676 
1, 1677 

Oct. 1, 1713 

Tenterdcn, Eng. 
Tentcrden, Eng. 

Dorchester, Mass, 
Dorchester, Mass, 

Ipswich, Mass. 
Ipswich, Mass. 

Roxbury, Mass. 
Roxbury, Mass. 

Eastham, Mass. 

Newbury, Mass. 
Newbury, Mass. 

Boxford, Mass. 
Boxford, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 

York, Me. 

Jan. 11, 1686 Ipswich, Mass. 
Aug. 8, 1069 Rowley> Mass. 

Dec. 14, 1648 Boston, Mass. 

Newbury, Mass. 
Sept. 8, 1703 Newbury, Mass. 

Aug. 23, 1694 Bradford, Mass. 
Sept. 20, 1692 Bradford, Mass. 

1711 Boston, Mass. 

Dec. 11, 1712. 

Feb. 23, 1726, by 
Rev. Nehem. Walter. 

Oct. 25, 1698. 

Mav 20, 1740, by 



Dec. 8, 1726. 

Juno 19, 1716, by 
Rev. Thos. Symmes. 

The Great'-Great'-Great 3 - 

64—1 I 


68—3 | 
69— 35j 

70—4 I 
71— 36| 

72—3 | 

7.3— :is 



■ Preble 


Robert Cross, Jr. 

Martha Trcadwcll 

John Gore 
Sarah Gardner 

Capt Jonathan Bangs 
Mary Mayo 

Joseph Greenleaf 
Thomaatn Mayo 


Dorcas [vorye 


1642 Ipswich, Mass. 
Mar.16,1644-5 Ipswich, MaSS. 

May 23, 1634 En-land. 
April 20, 1662 Roxbury, Mass. 

1610 Plymouth, Ma-. 
1045 Barn-table. Ma-. 

April 12, 1686 Newbury, Mass. 
June 10, 1689 Newbury, Mass. 

Ipswich, Ma-s. 

^ Feb. 19, 1664. | 

I May 31, 1683. \ 

I July 16, 1664. \ 

I Nov. 18, 1707. \ 

I August 13, 1665. j 




Age at Marriage. Date of Death. Place of Death. Cause of Death. 

Age at Death. 




!4yrs. 7 m. 8 d. 

May 22, 1747 

Pemaquid, Me. 
Falmouth, Me. 

Killed by Indians. 



!6 yrs. 5 m. 21 d. 
.5 yrs. 7 in. 8 d. 

Nov. 29, 1757 

Roxbury, Mass. 
Roxbury, Mass. 


58 yrs. 2 m. 29 d. 


May 22, 1746 
June 22, 1738 

Harwich, Mass. 
Harwich, Mass. 


80 yrs. 7 m. 22 d. 
68 yrs. 





Oct. 31, 1751 


65 yrs. 5 mos. 26 d. 


May 16, 1773 

Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 

69 yrs. 7 mos. 16 d. 



York, Me. 




Mar. 16, 1765 

Falmouth, Me. 



85 years. 


Mar. 13, 1743 




74 years. 






71 years. 



Sept. 21, 1789 

Newbury port,Ms. 


86 years, 19 days. 


!1 yrs. 9 m. 27 d. 
!3 yrs. 8 m. 24 d. 

Oct. 22, 1767 
March 2, 1737 

Bradford, Mass. 
Bradford, Mass. 


73 yrs. 2 mos. 
44 yrs. 5 m. 4 d. 



Aug. 18, 1768 

At sea on'passage 
from Jamaica. 


57 yrs. 



■eat 4 -Grandparents. 






March 3, 1738 

Ipswich, Mass. 
Ipswich, Mass. 

71 years. 
94 years. 


June 26, 1705 

Roxbury, Mass. 
Roxbury, Mass. 

71 yrs. 1 m. 3 d. 


19 yrs. 

Nov. 9, 1728 

Harwich, Mass. 
Barnstable, Mass. 

Newbury, Mass. 
Newbury, Mass. 

88 yrs. 
66 yrs. 






The Great-Great- 


arents, continued o\ 




The Grea^-Grea^-Great 3 - 

Xo. Name and Surname. Date of Birth. Place of Birth. When married and whom by \ 






















11'.)— CO 





Stephen Harris 
Ruth Scrivncr 

— Bastou 

John rroctor 
Elizabeth Bassett 

Thomas Bordman 
Elizabeth Perkins 

April 18, 1687 


April 1, 1650 

• "Watson 

Thomas Clarke 
Susanna Ring 

Benjamin Pearson 
Hannah Thurston 

Samuel Stieknev 


" Elder " Nath'l Tilden 

Ebcnezer Davenport 
Dorcas Andrews 

Joseph Williams 
Abigail Davis 

Cravt'ord, Eng. 

Lynn, Mass. 

Ipswich, Mass. 
Ipswich, Mass. 

1599 England. 

1658 Rowlev, Mass. 
Jan. 20, 1659 Rowley, Mass. 

Feb. 5, 16G3,Rowley, Mass. 

Tenterden, Enj 

Feb. 26, 1661 Dorchester, Mass 
1663 Falmouth, Me. 

Feb. 24, 1681 Roxbury, Mass. 
Sept. 5, 1671|Roxbury, Mass. 

Moses Pilsbury 
Susanna Worthf 

John Tuckerman 

Capt. Anthony Br a ckett 
Susanna Drake 

Abel Langley 

Sarah Quitter 

Thomas Boottow 
Joan Sandford 

Beiijaniin MortO, Jun. 
SuBanna Merrill 

Robert Mullikin 


Boston, Mass. 

Rowley. Mass. 
Ipswich, Mass. 

May 2G, ,1708 

April 1 , 1674 
Jan. 1, 1667-8 

ab't 1634 
Jan. 20, 1679-80 

May 22, 1706 


Nov. 9, 1678 



| \VM>'.\ of Lionel W'Tih and da. Of John Whipple. 



jREat 4 -Grandparents. Continued. 

Age at Marriage. Date of Death. Place of Death. Cause of Death. Age at Death. 


21 yrs. 1 m. 8 d.< 





Aug. 19, 1692 

Salem, Mass. 

Ex. for Witchcraft. 

60 years. 



Ipswich, Mass. 
Ipswich, Mass. 



70 years. 
68 years. 



Mar. 24, 1697 

Plymouth, Mass. 


98 years. 


22 years. 




Bradford, Mass. 



52 years. 





Scituate, Mass. 


it • 


July 19, 1738 
Nov. 24, 1723 

Dorchester, Mass. 
Dorchester, Mass. 



77-yrs. 4 mos. 21 d. 
60 years. 





26 yrs. 3 mos. 

34 yrs. 8 mos. 17 d. 

Roxbury, Mass. 











June — , 1773 





Sept. 21, 1689 

Killed by Indians. 











June 11, 1741 









" Hereditary rank may be an illusion, but hereditary virtue {rives a patent of innate nobleness 
beyond'the blazonry of the Herald's Colleges."— "Washington Irving. 


I. Treble. — To find the pedigree of Adeline Preble's children, the Gore ancestry, in all its 
branches, should be erased from the tables, and the order of succession of the Cox ancestry 
changed one generation. The Preble ancestry is in the proper order. 

2. Cox. — The origin of the name af Cocks or Cox, with the adjuncts which have been at- 
tached either before or after it, as Wood-cock, Cock-burn, &c, is involved in mystery, and has 
been the occasion of a great deal of learned disenssion in the Gentleman's Magazine and else* 
where. Only six out of one hundred and fifly names containing this mysterious syllable can 
be assigned to the animal creation (Gentlemen's Magazine, Sept., 1837). One of the corres- 
pondents of the Gentlemen's Magazine who signs himself I. C. N., remarks that the word 
" often occurs in the records of this country [England] under the various forms of Coc.Koc, 
LeCok, LcCoq, &c., answering in fact to the Latin coquus, more usually written during the 
middle ages Cocus, and while the greater number of these antient professors of the culinary 
art have modified their orthography to Coke, or Cooke, or Cook, others have evidently 
retained the final ' C ' and thus assimilated their names to the victims, instead of the lords 
of the kitchen. Hence we proceed to Cock, Cocks, and Cox." He then quotes the great 
rolls of the Exchequer for 2o Hen. III. 1241, in which one Adam Coe, or Cok. is commis- 
Bloned by the King to superintend certain repairs at Clarendon Palace, "and to instruct the 
workmen so that the kitchen and stables might be enclosed within the outer wall." In 
Holland, de Cock, the cook, is a common name — and everybody has beard of Paul deKock, 
tin' French Novelist. 

y on Family Nomenclature, ridicules this theory of I. C. N., and argues 
that "Cock" is simply a diminutive, the same as "ot" or " kin," though he does not pre- 
tend to assign any satisfactory meaning to all the names with this termination, but thinks 
:ul in affixing that of live sixths of the names he lias met with. Thua 

according to him, Bad-cock is evidently " kittle liat " or " Bartholomew ;" Sal-cock, " Little 
Saul," and Wil-COCke or Cox, "Little William," ScC. Coca, he >ay<, is the old latin for 
a Stile boat ; eooula, a small drinking cup. lie was ion? pussled with the surname Cere, 
which he has now no hesitation in, calling a synonym of Little, Ooze and Little, therefore, 

according to Lower, are the same name; and Mr. Coxhoad, i> really Mr. I.ittlehead, in 
contradistinction to Mr. Greathcad. Cock is also the name for a hillock — a- h.n 
little hill or heap of hay. 

Lower, in hi- " Patronymica," published in lSfiO, says, "After mature consideration, I 

niii adhere to the opinions heretofore expressed, \i/.., that though it may in some butanoaa 

I rdptiOO of Colt, a local termination, and in others may relate to the male of birds, it 

majority Of Cases a diminutive of ordinary baptismal name-, like km, ur oft, or 

Sit. ('nek in many local name- refers probably to "Woodcock, rather than the </<iIhis, as 

1 . < Ion, Coke, is probably Cok, and is probably a syuouym of Little." 


Bowditch, in " Suffolk Surnames," remarks, "We have 'Halm' the German for Cock; 
and that the compounds of the name are not supposed to he really derived from the bird, 
hut in some cases from Coque (a cook), while in others it is used as an affectionate diminutive." 

John Cox (6—2), the father of Mrs. Susan Z. Preble (3—2) and the husband of Adeline 
Preble, was descended from Capt. John Cocks, Jr. (34—2) andTabitha Davenport (35—18), 
of Dorchester, Mass., who was admitted an inhabitant of Falmouth in 1729, in phtce of Thomas 
Cox. The name was variously spelled, Cok, Cocks, Coxe, and Cox, He was a mariner, and 
killed by the Indians at Pemaquid, May 22, 1747.— Willis's History of Portland. 

Sept. 26, 1725.— A Mr. Cox of Dorchester strove to go into a cove to the Eastward in his 
vessel, but the fog hindered him ; the crew of a fishing vessel that went in were all barbarous- 
ly murdered by the Indians but a boy who was redeemed in 1728. 

Major Moses Titcomb, of Newbury, who commanded the troops in Falmouth preparatory 
to the expedition to Canada, makes the following note in his diary : — " Falmo., May 26, 
1747, I received the melancholy news from Pemaquid that on the 22d inst. fifteen men 
being up the river after alewives, the Indians fired upon them, killed ten men, took three 
captives, and two got clear, one much wounded." Among the killed, he mentions John Cox 
and Joseph Cox — and as " captivated," Benjamin Cox. 

I find in the old Falmouth Proprietors' Records, that there were, Aug. 3, 1732, " laid out 
John Cok sixty acres of land lying in the Township of Falmouth, bounded as followeth : 
beginning at the S. "VV. corner of James Crocker's 60 acre lot and running S. S. W. 60 rods to 
a stake, and to run from the aforesaid bounds, 160 rods E. S. E. if the same be free from 
former grants, said Cok to leave a road through said land where it will be most convenient 
for the town use." m 

The children of John Cox, Jr., the old ranger, as he was called, and Tabitha (Davenport) 
Cox, were : — 1, Josiah. 2, Tabitha, m. Joseph Bailey. 3, John, m. Sarah Proctor, Sept., 1739. 
4, James, b. 1719 ; m. Catharine Grant, 1745 ; d. 1796. 5, Esther, m. Joshua Bracket, Jr. 6, 

Mercy or Martha, m. Joseph Bailly, Jr. 7, Thankful, m. 1st, Samuel Hodgekins ; 2d, 


John Cox 3 (18—2), b. at Dorchester, Mass., 1720 ; m. Sarah Proctor (19—10), a daughter of 
Samuel Proctor (50 — 10), Sept., 1739. Samuel was a son of John Proctor (82 — 10), who was 
executed for witchcraft Aug. 19, 1692. Their children were :— 1, Keziah. 2, Sarah. 3, 
Dorcas. 4, Karenhappuck, m. Peter Thomas. 5, Martha. 6, Mary. 7, Nancy. S,Josiah, 
m. Susan Greenlcaf. 9, Samuel, who died an infant. After the death of his wife Sarah, M'ho 
died Oct. 25, 1761, John Cox (18—2), m. Sarah Bodkin of Boston, 1763, and removed to 
Cornwallis, Nova Scotia, June 28, 1782, where he died, 1789. Numerous descendants of 
his second marriage now live at and near Cornwallis, N. S. The children by his last mar- 
riage were: — 1, Thomas. 2, Harry. 3, John. 4, Garry. 5, Charles. 6, Samuel. 7, Susan. 
8, Elizabeth. 9, Julia. The children by Sarah Proctor all remained and married in the 
neighborhood of Portland, Me. 

Miss Betsey Thomas, aged 96, and Mrs. Karenhappuck Morse, aged 99 years, 8 months, 
daughters of Peter Thomas and Karenhappuck Cox, died at Portland, Me., Feb. 12 and 20, 
1870. Their brother Elias Thomas is living at the age of 98 years. Peter Thomas, their 
father, was a grandson of the Rev. George Burroughs, who was executed for witchcraft, 1692. 

Josiah Cox (10—2), son of John, 3d, b. 1756 ; m. Jan. 23, 1785, Susan Greenlcaf, 
daughter of Joseph Greenleaf and Susan Pearson, and died of cancer, July 20, 1829. His 
widow survived him twenty-one years, and died suddenly Dec. 17, 1850. Then children 
were : — 

1. Susan, b. Nov. 8, 1785 ; m. Abel Vinton, Aug. 17, 1806, and moved to Marietta, Ohio. 

2. Eliza, b. February 1, 1788; m. Deacon Joseph Harrod, Sept. 27, 1807; d. May, 1843. 

Her husband is living (1870) with his daughter, Mrs. Caroline E. Bartlctt, the w^do^y 
of Edwin Bartlett, at Barr^own, New York. 

3. Fanny, b. May 1, 1790; living in Chelsea, Mass. (1870), unmarried. 

4. Caroline, b. Sept. 11, 1792 ; m. Elisha Yinton, Sept. 22, 1818. 

5. John, b. Feb. 27, 1794 ; d. an infant. 


6. John, b. Feb. 13, 170.5; m. 1st, Thankful Gore, Nov. 4, 1817, who d. July 11, 1833; 2d, 

Adeline Preble, Nov. 4, 1835; living at No. 25 Tate St., Portland, Me., 1870. 

7. Mary, b. Dec. 2G, 1707 ; '1. an infant. 

S. Jo-iali, b. Jan. 26, 1700; d. -unmarried at Madeira, 182G, aged 27. 

0. Emily, 1>. June 11, 1801; living in Chelsea, Mass., 1870. 

10. Mary, 1>. Nov. 15, 1804; m. Enoch Ilsley, June 30, 1830; living at Chelsea, Mass., 1870. 

John Cox 4 (6 — 2), son of Josiah (10 — 2), born Feb. 23, 1705, was married 1 y Rev. Horace 
Holley, 1st, to Thankful Harris Gore, daughter of Jeremiah Gore and Thankful Hani- of 
Boston, Nov. 4, 1817, who died July 11, 1833. The issue of this marriage were : 

1. Susan Gore, b. Dec. 31, 1818; d. an infant, Sept. G, 1810. 

2. Suaan Zabiah (3—2), b. Aug. 1, 1820; m. George Henri/ Preble (2—1), Nov. 18, 1845. 

3. Caroline Augusta, b. March 23, 1823 ; d. an infant, December, 1823. 

4. John Harris, b. Sept. 28, 1824 ; in. Julia Leavitt Allen, Nov. 4, 1852; living in Portland 

(1870) ; lias three children living, viz. : — John C; Mary A.; Adeline. 

5. Josiah, b. Jane 1, 1S28; m. Sarah Todd Allen, May 31, 1851 ; living in Portland (1870) ; 

has four children living, viz. : — Allen ; Arthur ; William W. ; Walter. 
G. Edwin Bartlett, b. May 20, 1833; m. Ithoda Harriet Hazen, Nov. 25, 1858; living in 
Portland (1870) ; has three children living, viz. : — Frederick A. P. ; Edwin B 4 ; Enoch 1. 

John Cox (G — 2), was married second, by the Rev. Ichabod Nichols, D.D., to Ad-line, 
daughter of Copt, Enoch Preble and Sally Cross, Nov. 4, 1835. The issue of this mar- 
riage, is : — 


1. Frances Ellen, b. Feb. 16, 1837; living unmarried (1870) in Portland. 

2. Elizabeth Ilarrod, b. June 30, 1813; d. an infant, April 10, 1844. 

3. Elizabeth Harrod, b. Aug. 21, 1845; living unmarried (1870) in Portland. 

3. Cross. — " The name is probably derived from the family bearing a cross crosslet on 
their arm-." — Sims on Scottish Surnames. C'ro-s and Crouch are the same. — Loicer. 

Bally prose (5—3), who married Enoch Treble (1—1), was the daughter of Deacon 
Thomas Cross of Gorham, Me., and Lucy Hovey, who were married by the Rev. John 
dishing in Boxford, Mass., Nov. 18, 17i>7. Both her parents are buried in the old burial 
place at Gorham, Me., and the inscriptions on their gravestones arc : 

"Mere Ues Deacon Thomas Cross, born in Ipswich, M:i<-.. Nov. is, lrn, died Feb. IS, 1819, 

hai i ii at l " a Deacon of this Church 16 j ears. Also in tin- same gra\ e, bis boo Cant. Win. I roes, 

burn An-. 21, 1779, died Feb. 14, 1819. 

' < 111 passing mortals and surviviiiL' friends 
Regard the Bilenl eloquence of Death, 
With more tlinn human or angelic tongues 
Crying, awake, prepare to meet your Uod.' 

" iiorc Ilea Lucy Cross, wife of Deaoon Thomas I Iross, born al Boxford, Mas-.. March 16, 1748, 
died Mai 21, 1821. Bj her side lie their children : Rebecca Cross, born Ma v 20, 1771, died April 11, 
1794, ana Barriel Cross, born Oct 20, 1790, died Uarch 14, 1793. 

1 By blasl of death the grafted trees 
Both trunk and branches mouldering lie; 

i he Tr >f Lift >nn h es the tomb. 

Nor shall ii- grafted branches die.'" 

Deacon Thomas (12—3) and Lacy Cross ( 13—7) bad eleven children, all born at Bradford, 

Mi--., ol 'whom Mi '-. Sally Treble wa- the fifth, viz. : 

1. Joseph, b. Deo, 81, 1768; m. Betsej Dustin, 1791 j d, Oct 29, 1810. Had one son, who 

d. unmarried, and two daughters, one of H horn ill. "William B. Sewall. Esq. 

2. Thomas, b. March 8, 177<>; m. Laura Sandford, Dec. 80, 1804; d, April 6, 1833. Left 

three -mi- and one daughter. 

:•.. B tsey,b. Feb. 11, 1772 ;m.Tona. Stevens, Oct 1794; «i. Hot. 18, 1886, Had tar 
nnd three daughters. 

b. Jan. 30, 1771 ; d. unmarried, April 11, 1701. 


5. Sally, b. Sept. 22, 1777; m. Capt. Enoch Preble (4—1), Sept. 14, 1800; d. June 20, 1848. 

Had two sons and two daughters. 

6. William, b. Aug. 21, 1779 ; m. Eliza Stevens, Feb. 4, 1804 ; d. Feb. 14, 1819. His widow 

married Hon. Toppan Robie. He had one daughter, Eliza Ann, who m. 1st, a Cary ; 
2d, a McLellan ; and surviving her last husband, is (1870) living at Gorham with 
her step father, Hon. Toppan Robic. 

7. Lucy, b. March 7, 1782 ; m. James Phinncy, June 30, 1817 ; d. Jan. 30, 1863. James 

Phinney was twice married. His first wife, who died in 1816, left no issue. By Lucy 
Cross, he had a daughter after he was eighty years old. The daughter, Martha Col- 
man, is still (1870) living, and is the wife of Capt. Thomas E. Wentworth, who served 
with the loyal troops during the rebellion. James Phinney was a Deacon of the church, 
and a very worthy and exemplary member of the same. He was descended from one 
of the original settlers of Gorham. 

8. Louisa or Lois, b. March 10, 1784; m. Ellison Libby, July 15, 1809; d. Mar. 26, 1860. 

Had one son and five daughters. 

9. Leonard, b. May 8, 1786 ; d. unmarried, at Portland, Me., March 19, 1867. 

10. Amos Hovey, b. April 22, 1788 ; d. at Harrison, Me., unmarried, Sept. 27, 1842. 

11. Harriet, b. Oct. 20, 1791 ; d. unmarried, March 11, 1798. 

Of the five sons, Thomas was the only one who had sons who lived to marry and perpet- 
uate the name. Joseph had one son, Harry, who died unmarried. Thomas had three sons — 
Sandford, Thomas and Francis ; the latter had a son who served in the war of 1861-5 against 
the rebels. 

Deacon Thomas Cross (12—3) was a son of Thomas Cross (20—3) , b. Mar. 10, 1689, and Sarah 
Bordman (21 — 11) of Ipswich — and a descendant of Robert Crosse, a commoner of Ipswich in 
1641, with the title of senior. Robert Cross had a seat appointed to him " on one of the short 
seats " near the pulpit in the meeting-house then recently built, in 1700. These short seats 
seem to have been appropriated to the elderly people. If, as is probable, this was the common 
ancestor, he must have been more than eighty years old. It appears from a subscription 
toward a compensation for the military services of Major afterwards General Denison, in 
1648, and a list of persons entitled to certain rights of commonage in 1664, that he was among 
the wealthier portion of the inhabitants. George, probably a son or grandson of Robert, 
had a son Thomas, born March 10, 1689, who was the father of Deacon Thomas. In 
1667, Robert Crosse " for his barbarous and inhuman conduct by digging up the Sagamore 
his grave and carrying his scull upon a pole, &c, was sentenced to be imprisoned until next 
lecture day, and then immediately after meeting to sitt in the stocks," &c. He was after- 
wards compelled to make up, assisted by one John Andrews, " the Sagamore's Tomb." This 
was probably Robert, son of the patriarch of this name. Robert Cross, Sen., was born 
about 1613, married Hannah Jordan before 1636, and was living in 1707. In 1686, he ' 
executed a deed of gift, settling his estate upon his children. He was a yeoman in 
Chebacco Parish, now of Ipswich — whence Chebacco boats, so called, take name. 

4. Gore. — This name is said to be derived from a word used in old records to describe 
a narrow tapering slip of land, thence a similar shaped piece of wood, or part of a lady's 
dress ; also from yore, bloody, clotted congealed blood. It also means to pierce, to penetrate. 

Thankful Harris Gore (7—4), the first wife of John Cox (6—2) and the mother of Mrs. 
Susan Z. Preble (3— 2)— born Oct. 19, 1798, was the daughter of Jeremiah Gore (22—4), 
who was descended from John Gore (70—4), who (says Mr. Savage) was born in England, 
May 23, 1634 ; m. Sarah Gardner, May 31, 1683, and d. 1705. John Gore was established clerk 
of the writs for the town of Roxbury at a County Court, Feb. 1, 1682. There is a tradition 
related by his great-granddaughter, Mrs. Sarah Reed, of Ipswich, that hi* father John Gore fled 
with his icife from England in the time of persecution, and on their arrival at Boston, landed 
and proceeded to Roxbury. Going over Boston Neck, Mrs. Gore was carried by two men 
on account of the ground being swampy and very wet. When they arrived in Roxbury they 
stopped on a small hill, when Mrs. Gore exclaimed, " This is Paradiic," and afterward.- it 


was called "Paradise Hill." They settled in Roxbury, and probably from them have 
sprung all the Gores in New England. 

A wealthy lady in England named Rebecca Crook also in the days of persecution fled and 
worked her passage to America, settled in Roxbury and married Mr. Gardner, the father of 
Sarah Gardner (71—36). One day Mr. John Gore (70 — i), son of John Senior, being at Mr. 
Gardner's house, the latter advised him to get married. An infant daughter lay in the cradle, 
which Mr. Gore, rocking, said, "Perhaps I wait for your daughter;" and it so happened 
thai when about titty years old, he married Sarah Gardner (71 — 36), the child he rocked. 
For another version of this story, sec note on the Gardner family. John Gore (70 — 1) had 
nine children, viz. : 

1. Juhn, b. Feb. 27, 1684 ; m. Mary Stedman, of Brooklinc ; d. 1756, aged 72. 

2. Sarah, b. Aug. 21, 1685 ; m. James Pierpoint, of Roxbury, June 3, 1709 ; d. 1776, aged 90. 

3. Hamuli, b. Feb. 14,1687-8; m. Samuel Curtis, of Roxbury, June 6, 1711 ; d. 1775, aged 87. 

4. Ebenezer, b. Nov. 7, 1689 ; m. Susanna Paul, of Boston ; d. 1760, aged 71. 
6. Abigail, b. Feb. 15, 1691 ; d. Aug. 11, 1692, aged 18 months. 

6. Abigail, b. Oct. 26, 1693 ; m. May, of Roxbury ; d. 1770, aged 77. 

7. Samuel, b. Sept. 11, 169-3; d. Feb. 15, 1096, an infant. 

8. Samuel, b. May 15, 1697 ; d. June 9, 1697, an infant. 

D. Samut I (38— 1 1, b. Sept. 1, 1699; m. by Rev. Nehemiah Walter, of Roxbury, to Mary 
William- (38—20), Feb. 23, 1726 ; d. Nov. 29, 17.37. 

The children of Samuel (38—4), and Mary "Williams (39—20), were :— 

1. Samuel, b. Jan. 30, 1727 ; d. Jan. 30, 1730. 

2. Joseph, b. Nov. 14, 1729 ; was clerk of Boston Market ; d. at Bellingham, July 24, 1786. 

3. Samuel, 2d, b. Feb. 28, 1731 ; m. Hannah Heath, Feb. L3, 1768; d. Nov. 3, 1814, aged 84; 

was a tanner in Roxbury. 

4. JcrcmiaJi (22 — 1), b. Dec. 26, 1731; m. 1st, Mary Watson (23— 11) ; 2d, Hannah Curtis, 

by Mr. Adams, Jan. 7, 1768; 3d, Hannah Richards, Feb. 18, 1773; d. July 9, 1813, 
aged 78 years, 6 months, and i- buried in the cemetery on Boston Common. 

5. Mary, b. Jan. 1G, 1737 ; m. Benjamin Bass, by Rev. Amos Adams, Dec. 7, 1756; d. Feb. 

28, 1814. Her husband died June 24, 1813. 
8. Sarah, b. Jan. 25, 1740 ; m. 1st, a Penniman ; 2d, a Bugbee ; d. June 21, 1814, aged 74. 

7. Abigail, b. Sept 29, 1763 ; m. Daniel Leeds, Dec. 30, 1762 ; d. July 14, 1816, aged 73. 

8. Stephen, died an infant. 

9. Stephen, b. Jan. 11, 17 17 ; d. July 5, 1811, aged 64; was a currier in Boston. 

10. Hannah, b. May 7, 1719; m. Jonas Brown of Cambridge, Nov. 4, 1731 ; d. March 1, 1821. 

11. Elizabeth, b. May 81, 1751 ; m. 1st, Hannon, 2d, William Walker; d. Sept. 11, 1824. 

The children of Jeremiah (22 — 1) were by 1st wife, Mary Watson, viz. :— 

1, John. 2, Jeremiah (14 — i), b. Jan. 12, J763 ; m. by Rev. Samuel West, D.D., Pastor of 
Ilollis Street Church, Boston, to Thankful Harris (15—8), Aug. 3, 1789; d. Oct. 12, 1836. 
3, Hannah. 

By his 2d «l Ife, Hannah Curtis : John and Hannah, who died infant-. 

By his 3d wife, Hannah Richards:— 

l. Mary, b. Jan. 17,1774; m. Peter BJpley, May 21, 1788; d. June 11, 1804. 

■j. n annah, b. Jan. 28, 1776 j m. Richard Pico, May 3, 1794, and 2d, Thomas Holland. 

I!. John, died an infant. 

.3. Stephen, b. May 7, 177*; m. Mary Thayer, May 21, 1811 ; d. Sei>t. 12, 1833. 

6. /. .ii.i.ih, b. .Inly 27, 1780; m. Edward Johnson, Jan. 21, lsn2 ; ,1. Aug. 1, 1848. 

7. Samuel, b. Nov. 26, 1782; d. Aug. 8, 1788, an infant, 
s. Abigail, b. July 27, 17W ; d. April 27, L8 

9. Elisabeth, b. N Everett, Nov. 5, 1809. 

10. Lui retla, b. May 3, 1790; m. mi- En rett, Jan. 29, 1829; d. Jo 

1793; d. Sept. 7,1784 


The children of Jeremiah Gore, Jun. (14 — 4), by his marriage with Thankful Harris 
(15—8), daughter of Stephen Harris (30—8) and Sarah Sherrard (31—16), were, viz. : 

1. Stephen, b. April 29, 1790 ; m. Mary Hyde, and had nine children ; d. Sept. 16, 1845. 

2. Jeremiah, b. April 1, 1791 ; m. Sarah Billings, and had four children ; d. Oct., 1861. 

3. Watson, b. March 18, 1793; m. Catharine Willard, and had nine children; is living, 

1870, at Roxbury ; has been paralyzed on his right side for seventeen years ; his 
wife died 1865. , 

4. Zabiah May, b. Oct. 8, 1794; m. Henry Smith, and had thirteen children; is a widow 

(1870), and living in Boston. 

5. Caroline, b. Oct. 18," 1796 ; m. Charles Rogers, his 2d wife, April 15, 1828, and had no 

children ; d. Sept., 1863. 

6. Thankful Harris (7—4), b. Oct. 19, 1798 ; m. John Cox (6—2), his 1st wife, March 4, 1817, 

had six children; d. July 11, 1833. ' 

7. Eliza, b. March 6, 1800 ; m. Alpheus Gurney, and had ten children ; d. , 1845. 

8. John Harris, b. June 30, 1801 ; d. an infant, Aug. 19, 1802. 

9. Eleanor, b. Jan. 29, 1803 ; d. an infant, July 24, 1803. 

10. Mary Watson, b. June 19, 1804 ; d. an infant, Sept. 17, 1805. 

11. Sarah Harris, b. July 19, 1806; m. John Flint, M.D., and had three children; d. Aug. 

, 1861. 

12. Augusta, b. Aug. 7, 1807 ; m. George W. Lewis, and had nine children ; living in Brook- 

lyn, N. Y., 1870. 

13. Mary Watson, b. May 3, 1809; m. J. A. Merritt, of Scituate, and had four children; d- 

Dec. 10, 1837. 

14. John Harris, b. Sept. 6, 1810 ; d. an infant, Dec. 16, 1810. 

15. Samuel, b. March 23, 1813; d. at New Orleans, , 184-. 

5. Bangs. — Edward Bangs, the American ancestor of this family, was born in Chichester, 
England, 1592. He came to this country in the " Ann," and arrived at Plymouth, July, 
1623. The May Flower first arrived Dec. 20, 1620. The " Fortune " and " Ann " followed, 
and the passengers by these three vessels are commonly called the "Pilgrims." In 1644 he 
removed with Gov. Prence and others to a new settlement on Cape Cod, called at first Nau- 
sett, afterwards Eastham, and died there in 1678, aged 86. He was a ship-wright, and 
superintended the construction of the first ship built at Plymouth in 1641. She was a bark 
of 40 to 50 tons, and he contributed one sixteenth of her cost, which was estimated at £200. 
In 1623, a division of land appears to have been made, and there is a record of the sale of 
the grounds of those who came over in the " Ann." Among these is the name of " Bangs," 
to whom four acres was assigned, a portion rather above the average quantity, some having six 
or eight acres and some only one. Probably the number of acres allotted each was in pro- 
portion to the number of the family. Bangs's pot tion is described as being on the other side 
of the town towards Eel river. At a public court held the 22d of May, 1627, it was agreed to 
divide the stock by lot among the companies of the three ships. The whole stock was 
divided into twelve parts, and the lots assigned by chance. This was the first American lot- 
tery. Edward Bangs was in the twelfth lot with ten other persons, and to him and his com- 
panions fell " the great white backed cow that came over in the Ann." At the beginning 
of the same year there was another division of lands, allotting 20 additional acres to what 
was divided in 1623, and Edward Bangs was one of six persons appointed " layers out." In 
1633, he was made a freeman of Plymouth, and soon afterwards a freeman of Nausett. In 
1636, he was on a jury of trials. In 1640, he was granted ten acres of land, and the next 
year four score more acres. From 1644 to 1653, inclusive, he was a surveyor of highways 
in Nausett, Eastham or Sandwich, and in 1654 assisted to lay out a road from Plymouth to 
Sandwich. In 1657, he was a licensed retailer at Eastham. He is repeatedly mentioned as 
serving on the Grand Jury ; as an overseer of the guard against the Indians ; as an appraiser 
of lands, &c. His children were : — 

1, Jonathan (72—5), b. 1640 ; m. Mary Mayo (73—37), July 16, 1664; d. Nov. 9, 1728. 2, 
John, m. Hannah Smalley, Jan. 23, 1660. 3, Lieut. Joshua, m. Hannah Scudder, Dec. 1 , 


1669 ; d. Jan. 14, 1709-10. 4 and 5, Mercy and Apphiah, b. Oct. 15, 1651 ; m. Stephen My- 
rick and John Knowles, Dec. 28, 1670. 6, Bethiah, b. May 28, 16.50 ; m. Gershom Hall. 7, 
Rebecca, m. Jona. Sparrow, Oct. 16, 1654 ; d. 1677. 

Capt. Jonathan Bangs (72 — 5), b. 1640 ; m. Mary Mayo, dangliter of Samnel Mayo, and 
granddaughter of the Itev. John Mayo. She died in 1711, aged 66. Jonathan Bangs was 
probably born at Plymouth. He was married at Eastham, but afterwards removed to 
Harwich, now called Brewster, where he died, aged 88 years. He was constable of Eastham ; 
a deputy to the General Court ; a selectman ; an ensign to the military company, &c. &c. 
His children were : 

1, Edward (40—5), b. Sept. 30, 1665; m. Ruth (41—21); d. May 22, 1746. 2, 

Rebecca, b. Feb. 1, 1667. 3, Jonathan, b. April 20. 1670. 4, Mary, b. April 14, 1671. 
6, Jonathan, b. May 4, 1673. 6, Hannah, b. March 14, 1676. 7, Thomson, b. May, 
1678. 8, Samuel, b. July 12, 1680. 9, Mcrrie, b. Jan. 7, 1682. 10, Elizabeth, b. May 15, 
1685. 11, Sarah, b. Aug., 1687. 12, Lydia, b. Oct. 2, 1689. 

For further account of the Bangs family connected with this memoir, see note to pages 
67 and 58. 

6. Greenleaf. — It is believed the ancestors of the Grcenlcaf Family were Huguenots, 
who left France on account of their religion, somewhere in the XVI. century, and, settled 
in England. The name was probably translated from the French Fueille vert. 

Edmund Greenleaf, who is the common American ancestor of the family under consider- 
ation, was born in the Parish of Brixham, and County of Devonshire, near Torbay, in Eng- 
land, about the year 1600. He married Sara Dole, and had several children born in Eng- 
land. In the year 1635, he came to America and settled in Newbury, Mass. He lived near 
" Old Town Bridge," where for some years he kept a tavern. He was by trade a silk dyer. 
About the year 1650, he removed to Boston, where he buried his wife and afterwards mar- 
ried a widow Hill, who bad several children by a former husband. This marriage was 
rather an unhappy one. In the early part of 1671, Mr. Greenleaf died. His will, a very 
curious document, written, as is supposed, by himself, was proved Feb. 21, 1671, and is 
recorded in the Probate Records of Boston in the Volume for 1669 to 1674, pp. 112. The 
inventor}' of his estate appended to the will amounted to £131. 5s. 9d. The number of 
his children is not certainly known. He mentions three in his will, viz., Stephen, Eliza- 
beth and Judith. These probably were all that survived their father. He mentions in his 
will four grandchildren, the heirs probably of four children deceased, viz., Elizabeth Hil- 
ton, Enoch Greenleaf, Sarah Wlnslow, and James Greenleaf whom he calls his eldest BOn's 
son, but Stephen G. had no son named cither Enoch or James, and hence he must Bare 
had an older brother, and perhaps two. 

The name of Greenleaf is found in England in 1590, and it was then spelled "GreenlitV." 
The only book of Heraldry known to coatain the name of Greenleaf, spelled with a final 
"c," is "Robson's British Herald," where it is stated the arms are the same as those of the 
Family of " Greenland," and arc thus emblazoned : " He beareth argent, three saltires 
vert, crest a dexter arm couped and embowed, holding a bomb lired proper." 

The name Grccnlcss or Greenly has been referred to by t lie Heralds, as being originally 
the same, and the device is that of a Fleur de lis vert between three mullets. The Hon. 
William Qreenleaf, once of Boston, and then of New Bedford, being in London about 1760, 
obtained from the office of Heraldry, a device, said to be the arms of the l'.imilv ; the 

painting, in 1864, was in the po ssessi on <>t' bis granddaughter, Mrs. Kitehie, of Ruiibury. 
The field is white (argent), bearmg a rheveron between three leares (Tart). The crest, ■ 

dove Standing on a wreath of green and white, holding in Its mouth three gr e en leu\es. 
The helmet i- that Of a Warrior (visor down), B garter below but DO motto. This, or some- 
time like it, lia- been adopted by Mveral branches of the family. 
FOr further particular.- respecting l'.dmund (ireenleaf, see Coffin's History of Newbury, 

and the Genealogy of the family by Jonathan Greenleafof New York, 1854. Edmund Green- 

leafs children, a- far IS Known, wan 


1. Judith, b. 1628 ; m. 1st, Henry Somerby, and 2d, Tristam Coffin; d. Dec. 15, 1705. 

2. Stephen, b. 1630; m. 1st, Eliz. Coffin, Nov. 13, 1651; 2d, Esther Swett, March 31, 1679; 

d. Dec. 1, 1690. 

3. Elizabeth, m. 1st, Giles Badger, 1642 ; 2d, Richard Browse, 1648. 4. Enoch. 

Stephen Greenleaf, the son of Edmund, born 1630, married Nov. 13, 1651, Elizabeth 
Coffin, who was the daughter of Tristam Coffin, who was born in Brixham Parish, Town of 
Plimouth, Devonshire, England, 1609. Stephen Greenleaf was a Capt. of militia, and as 
such went to Cape Breton in the Indian wars, and was there wrecked in a vessel and 
drowned, in company with nine others, Dec. 1, 1690. His second wife, Esther Swett, died 
in Newbury, Jan. 16, 1718, aged 89. Stephen Greenleaf was a religious man, and a member 
of the First Congregational Church in Newbury, to which he was admitted Dec. 6, 1674. 
His first wife, Elizabeth Coffin, died Nov. 19, 1678. The children of his first marriage were : 

1. Stephen,' b. Aug. 15, 1652; m. Elizabeth Gerrish, Oct. 23, 1676; d. Oct. 13, 1743. 

2. Sarah, b. Oct. 16, 1655 ; m. Richard Dole. 

3. Daniel, b. June 16, 1657 ; died an infant. 

4. Elizabeth, b. April 9, 1660 ; m. Colonel.T. Noyes. 

5. John, b. June 21, 1662; m. 1st, Elizabeth Hills; 2d, Mrs. Lydia (Frost) Pierce; d. June 

24, 1734. 

6. Samuel, b. Oct. 30, 1665 ; m. Sarah Kent; d. Aug. 6, 1694. 

7. Tristam, b. Feb. 11, 1668 ; m. Margaret Pope, Nov. 12, 1689 ; d. 1760. 

8. Edmund, b. May 10, 1670 ; m. Abigail Somerby ; d. 1740. 

9. Judith, b. Oct. 13, 1673 ; died an infant. 10. Mary, b. Dec. 6, 1676 ; m. Joshua Moody. 
Stephen Greenleaf, 2 son of Stephen, Senior, born August 15, 1692; married Elizabeth, 

daughter of Capt. William Gerrish and Joanna Goodale, and died Oct. 13, 1741, aged 91. 
Stephen Greenleaf was the oldest grandson of Tristam Coffin. His children were: — 
1. Elizabeth, b. January 12, 1678 ; m. Henry Clark. 2, Rev. Daniel, b. Feb. 10, 1680 ; m. 
Elizabeth Gooking, 1701 ; d. Aug. 26, 1763. 3, Stephen, b. Aug. 24, 1682 ; d. an infant. 4, 
William, b. April 1, 1684 ; d. an infant. 5, Joseph (74—6), b. April 12, 1686 ; m. Thomasine 

Mayo (75—38). 6, Sarah, b. July 19, 1688 ; m. Kent. 7, Stephen, b. Oct. 27, 1690 ; 

m. Mary Mackares, 1712 ; d. 1771. 8, John, b. Aug. 29, 1693. 9, Benjamin, b. Dec. 14, 
1695. 10, Moses, b. Feb. 24, 1697. 

Joseph Greenleaf (74—6), the 5th child of Stephen, 2 born April 12, 1686, resided in New- 
bury ; his wife was Thomasin Mayo (75 — 38), by whom he had seven children, viz : — 1, 
Sarah, b. Dec. 6, 1708. 2, Mary, b. Oct. 1, 1712. 3, Benjamin, b. June 29, 1716. 4, Joseph, 
b. Sept. 25, 1717 5 and 6, Stephen and Hannah, b. March 9, 1725. 7, Mary, b. Nov. 17, 1729. 

Joseph Greenleaf 2 (42—6), the fourth child of Joseph, Senior, born Sept. 25, 1717, resided 

in Newbury, and married Mary , by whom he had four sons and one daughter, the 

eldest born when he was between eighteen and nineteen years of age, viz. : — 1, Joseph (26 — 6), 
b. June 7, 1736. 2, Thomas, b. Aug. 18, 1738. 3, Mary, b. June 3, 1743. 4, Benjamin, b. June 
25, 1745. 5, Stephen, b. April 14, 1749. 

Joseph Greenleaf 3 (26—6), eldest son of Joseph 2 (42—6), born June 7, 1736, married 
February 13, 1758, Susanna (27—14), daughter of Amos Pearson and Mary Morse (59—30). 
He was appointed by General Washington the keeper of Portland Light, the first light estab- 
lished by the United States on our sea coast, January 7, 1791. It was first lighted January 

10. 1791. The light- house was commenced by the State of Massachusetts, but the build- 
ing had not proceeded far, when the National Government, succeeding to the general mari- 
time jurisdiction of the States, completed the work. Congress appropriated $1,500 in 
August, 1790. The stone work was 72 feet high and the lantern 15, making the whole 87 
feet. Joseph Greenleaf 3 (26—6) died suddenly while sailing a boat in Portland harbor, Oct. 3, 
1795. By his wife Susanna Pearson (27—14), he had six children, viz. : 1, Joseph, b. June 
22, 1759 ; drowned June 19, 1770. 2, Ajnos, b. Sept. 19, 1765 ; m. Polly Lowell, Jan. 10, 1787 ; 
d. in West Indies Sept. 20, 1789. 3, Susanna, b. Jan. 17, 1768 ; m. Josiah Cox, Jan. 23, 1785 ; 
d. very suddenly Dec. 17, 1850. 4, Mary, b. Dec. 20, 1773 ; d. unmarried, April 25, 1834. 
5, Joseph, b. Dec. 9, 1776. 6, Sally, b. Aug. 30, 1778 ; d. unmarried at Portland, 185-. 

For children of Susanna Greenleaf (11—6) and Josiah Cox (10—2), see note on the 
Genealogy of the Cox Family. 


7. Hovey.— Lucy Hovey (13—7), mother of Sally (Cross) Preble (5—3), was the daugh- 
ter of Deacon Joseph Hovey (28—7), born July 17, 1712, and Rebecca Stickney (29—15), 
born Oct. 3, 1724, of Boxford (the latter was a daughter of Thomas and Mary Stickney, 
of Ipswich), whose children were : 1, Joseph ; 2, Ivory ; 3, Amos ; 4, Sarah ; 5, L u cy ; 6, 
Rebecca ; and 7, Thomas. 

Deacon Joseph was the son of Luke Hovey (44—7), born May 3, 1676, who married 
Susanna Pillsbury (45—23), Oct. 25, 1698, and died Oct. 31, 1751, aged 85 years ; and a grand- 
son of John (76 — 7), of Ipswich, born , married Dorcas Ivory (77 — 39), Aug. 13, 1665, 

and died ; who was a son of Daniel Hovey Senior, the patriarch of the family, 

who was bom , 1618, and died April 4, 1692, in the 74th year of his age. His wife 

Rebecca died 27 years before him, June 24, 1665. Their children were : 1, Daniel ; 2, John ; 
3, Thomas ; 4, James ; 5, Joseph ; 6, Nathaniel. All but Joseph and James left families and 
resided in Ipswich. Lucy Hovey was therefore the great-great-granddaughter of Daniel 
Hovey the patriarch and Rebecca his wife. 

8. Harris. — The name of Harris stands twenty-sixth in rank among the fifty most 
common in 1853, in England, when as deduced from the indices there were 55,800 of the 
name in England, and 47,200 Harrisons, the population being then estimated at 18,404,421 
persons. It is not enumerated among the fifty most common names in Scotland. 

Among other surnames, chiefly of Welsh origin, formed by the paternal name being put 
in the genitive, son being understood, may be mentioned Harris, for Harry's or Henry's 
son. — Anderson on Surnames. 

Harris from Henry through Harry and thence Harrison. — Lower's Pat. Brit. 

It is in recent times only that a Saxon Harris, equivalent to Harry's son, has been convert- 
ed into the etymological mongrel, Fitz Harris, which is almost as startling as Fitz Harri- 
son or Fitz Thompson would be. — Edinb. llevicic, April, 1855. 

The christian name Henry — Hen-re Lat. [from which Harris is derived], of which Harry 
is a familiar corruption, signifies one who is noble, magnanimous — Sax. a brave powerful 
lord, or ho who is ever wealthy. — T. Sickle Xichoh's Mliat's in a Natnet « 

VerBtigan derives the name of Henry from Einrick, ever rich. Others from Herrick, rich 
lord or master. Camden from the Latin nonoricus, honorable. Kilian writes it Hcynrick — 
nci/mrick, i. e. rich at home. — Arthur's Diet, of Family Xames, 1857. 

The mother of Mrs. John Cox (Thankful Harris Gore) (7 — 1), was Thankful Harris 
(15 — 8). The following letter from Thaddeus William Harris, M.D., contains the pedi- 
gree of her Harris connection : 

Cambridge, Mass., March 16, 1850. 
Lievt. Geo. H. Preble. 

Dear Sir, — Your letter was received on the evening of the 13th but., ami I improve a 
leisure hour to begin an answer, not knowing, however, when it may lie finished. 

Ever since the death of my honored father, the late Rev. Dr. Thaddeus Mason Harris of 
Dorchester, I huve felt a strong desire to trace the history of our family, and in my endea- 
vors to ascertain the parentage, ami collateral relatives of my hrst Boston ancestor, Thomas 

Harris, who died January 5, K;'.>7-S, I have collected all that came in my way relative to 

persons of this name in New Rngland before 1700, ami ranch since then. 

The ancestor Of the family in which you are Interested, was one of the novi homines, or 
late coiners; and I am indebted to my yonng friend, Edward Tuekerman, of Boston, who 
descends from him, lot most of the particulars relative to him. His name wi- Stkimi i\ 
11 vuuis, and his family Bible, preserved liy my friend, contains his Mitt and some other 

In the Tuekerman family are to he found SOme pieces of plate, containing engraven on 
them the "Harris Arms," which are Identical with those of the "Harris" family of 
" Bag ne," in the County of Devon, England ; and are : 

Sable three crescents within i\ border argent. 


The ancestor of Stephen Harris is therefore supposed to have been a cadet of the family 
of Harris of Hayne, or of the still older family of Harris of Radford, in the same County, 
whose arms want the border which was a mark of cadency or derivation. 

Stephen Harris, the American ancestor, was born in the Parish Of Cray ford, County of 
Kent, England, Monday, the 18th day of April, 1687, old style. ~H.q was bred to the busi- 
ness of a white smith and machine smith, and set up in this trade in Ireland, where he car- 
ried on a slitting mill and the making of nails. He was married on the 26th of May, 1708, 
to Ruth Scrivner, of Mount Milick, Queen's County, Ireland, where several of their children 
were born. In April, 1709, he came to Boston with his family, having been induced to come 
over and set up a slitting mill for Mr. Edward Jackson, but owing to the jealousy of the 
manufacturers and interference of government at home, he had much difficulty in making 
his escape from Ireland, and was obliged to embark privily. He was accompanied by 
his nephew, John Popkin (ancestor of several skilful machinists and white smiths of the 
same name), who was the son of his (Stephen Harris's) sister. Mr. Harris set up a slitting 
mill in Milton, on the Neponset river, and superintended the rolling and slitting of iron and 
the manufacture of nails there for Mr. Edward Jackson several years. This was the first 
slitting mill in New England. The date and place of his decease are unknown to me. The 
mill and mill privilege were sold in 1753 or 54. (The advertisement for the sale dates Dec. 24, 
1753.) Mr. Harris's surviving sons settled in Boston. Several of his children seem to have 
died young, for no account of them subsequently, has been found, nor are the births of all 
ascertained. They were : 1, Thomas, b. March 17, 1708-9. 2, Nathaniel, b. May 24, 1711. 
3, Stephen, b. Oct. 11, 1713. 4, John. 5, Margaret. 6, Mary, who was subsequently mar- 
ried to her own cousin, Mr. John Popkin of Boston, before mentioned. 7, Charity. 8, 
Jane, b. June 16, 1724 ; m. 1st, a Dunlap, and 2d, Deacon Jonathan Livermore of North- 
borough. She had a long controversy in regard to church membership, and of her writings 
on this subject, there remains a considerable parcel, showing her to have been a person of 
some force of character. 9, Samuel, b. Oct. 17, 1726. 

Stephe?i Harris* (46—8), son of Stephen (78—8) and Ruth (Scrivner) Harris (79—40), 
was a celebrated biscuit baker in Boston. He was married May 22, 1740, by the Rev. Joseph 
Sewall, D.D., to Thankful, daughter of John Tuckerman, of Boston. He made his will April 
3, 1773 (which was proved June 11, 1773), and therein gave to his two sisters, Mary Harris 
and Jane Harris, £50 ; to his son Stephen, 20s. ; to five grandchildren, Thankful, William, 
Stephen, Sarah, and Daniel, children of his son Stephen, two-fifths of all his real estate ; 
the remainder to his three children, Elizabeth Tuckerman, wife of Mr. Edward Tuckerman ; 
Thankful Cunningham, wife of Mr. James Cunningham ; and John Harris. Mr. Robert 
Pierpont and son Stephen to be his executors. (See Suffolk Probate Records, Ixxii. p. 323.) 
Mr. Stephen Harris died at Boston, May 16, 1773. The children of Mr. Stephen and 
Thankful (Tuckerman) Harris, were :— 1, Stephen, b. July 25, 1742. 2, Hannah, b. July 1, 
1744, d. 1748. 3, Elizabeth, b. Sept. 23, 1747. 4, Thankful, b. Oct. 15, 1749. 

Elizabeth Harris, above named, was married Feb. 20, 1766, to her cousin Edward Tuck- 
erman, of Boston. They had children, viz. :— 1, Elizabeth, b. 1768 ; m. Stephen Salisbury. 
2, Lucretia, b. 1770 ; m. Robert Wyer, Jun. 3, Susan, b. 1772. 4, Edward, b. 1775 ; m. 1st, 
Hannah Parkman, 2d, Sophia May. 5, George Washington, b. 1776 ; m. E. Postlethwayt. 
6, Joseph, b. 1778 (the Rev. Dr., some time Minister at Large in Boston) ; m. 1st, M. 

Parkman, 2d, Sarah Carey. 7, William, b. ; m. S. P. Shaw. 8, Stephen. 9, Henry 

Harris, b. ; m. R. L. Keating. 10, Gustavus, b. ; m. J. Francis. 11, Charles. 

Thankful Harris, above named, married Oct. 4, 1770, James Cunningham, of Boston. 
Their children were :— 1, Harris. 2, Thankful ; m. Uriah Cotting, April 3, 1793.' 3, Harriet. 
4, George. 

Stephen Harris (30—8), of Boston, son of Stephen (46—8) and Thankful (Tuckerman) 
Harris (47—24), was married Feb. 14, 1765, to Sarah Sherrard (31—16), and died at Boston, 
Oct. 19, 1798, aged 56. I have the names of only four of his children, but, as you have all, 
I omit them, and only add that his daughter Thankful was married August 4 (you have it 
3d), 1789, to Jeremiah Gore, and this is all I know except what you have communicated. 

I do not know that the foregoing Harris family was at all connected with mine, though 
my friend Tuckerman fancies there must have been a relationship somehow. I rather think 
his fancy arose from friendship for me, and sympathy with my taste for Natural History. 


It being a much more recent t'.miily in New England than mine, I have not taken any par- 
ticular pains to make the record of it complete. It is a source of great regret to me that I 
am not able to trace any connection with any New England family of my own name; my 
father, grandfather and great-grandfather, all having been only sons, and my great-grand- 
father's father the only son of our first Boston ancestor who lived to manhood, and we 
know not his father had any brothers, and even his parentage we cannot trace hack. 
Should it be In your power at any time to furnish me with accounts of any persons of this 
name in New England before 1700, you will greatly oblige me by communicating the same. 
Please to recollect my address, which is below. 


Thaddeus William Harris, 

Librarian of Harvard College, 

Cambridge, Mass. 

9. Bastox. — I can find no mention of Thomas Baston (48 — 9), the father of Mary 
Baston (17 — 9), or of herself, other than the following from the York County Record*, 
Alfred, Mc., Vol. ii. p. 119, where Benjamin Preble and his wife Mary Preble (whose 
maiden name was Mary Baston, daughter of Thomas Baston) deed property to their son 
John Preble, May 23, 1721— and in Book 12, p. 296, York, July 11, 1726, it is recorded " that 
I, Benjamin Preble of York, have received of my brother, Gershom Baston, money in full 
satisfaction for my wife Miry, the legacies due to her of all the estate which was my fathers 
Thomas Baston, that is to say, the land and meddow I Mary Preble and Benjamin Preble 
have sold all for forty shillings paid in hand." 

The name Baston is not in Savage's Genealogical Dictionary. 

10. Proctor. — John Proctor, Senior," came from London to New England in the ship 
Su-ati and Ellen, in 1035, he then being forty years old. His wife Martha, aged twenty- 
eight ; his son John (82 — 10), aged three; and his daughter Marie, aged one year, accom- 
panied him. lie had a house granted to him in Ipswich in 1635, on the south side of the 
river, near where the stone budge now i>. Here was his residence until 1647, when he sold 

his house in exchange for a farm to Mr. Thomas Finnan. He seems to have been a man 
of considerable property. In 1664, certain common lands were divided among the com- 
tnoners according to the rate of taxation. Of two hundred and thirty commoners, he was 

one of the twenty-seven who paid the highest tax. His first wife, Martha , died June 

13, 1659. lie had a second wife of the same baptismal name, who survived him. 

Hi- will is dated August 28, and was proved Nov. 28, 1672. In it he mentions his wife 
Martha; sons John 1 , Joseph and Benjamin, and daughters Martha White, Abigail Yarncy, 
Sarah Dodge and Hannah Widen. 

John* (83—10), his son, of Ipswich, being three years old in 1635, at the date of his father's 
emigration, was born about 1682. He removed in a few years to Salem village. Was a 
freeman about L890. He married 1st, Dec, 1662, Elisabeth, daughter of John Tborndlke 
of Beverly, who was perhaps a son of the Rev. Qeorge Thorndike, rector of Little Carleston, 
near Lowtfa Co., Lincoln, she happily died about 1672, before the witchcraft delusion be- 
gan. The children of this marriage were:— l, Martha, b. June 4, 1666. 2, Mary, b. Oct. 

26, 1067 ; d. BOOn. 3, John, b. Oct. 28, 1668. 4, Mary,- b. Jan. 30, 1670. 5, Thorndike, b. 
July 15, 1679 

ii. ir.-.M, Elisabeth Bassett (83— 42), danghterof William Baasett, April 1, 167 1. The chil- 
dren of this marriage were:— 1, William, b. Feb. 6, 1676". 2, Barah, b. Jan. 28, b'>77. 3, 
N,i„u/.y (.Y>— 10), b. Jan. ll, 1688. t, Ellsha, b. April 88, 1687; d. 1688. •">. Abigail, b. Jan. 
'27,1692. The two clilest of these children were imprisoned in the execrable mnatlcism of 

1692, but were discharged without a trial — but the mother was one of the lir>t acc us ed Of 
Witchcraft, and her hii»hand, for Showing a proper regard for her, fell under equal MS> 
pi. i. m. Both were tried and condemned on the 6th Of Augu-t, and on the 19th Of AuguM 

■ \ bed on Gallows Hill, Salem, she escaped the punishment by ma ares of her 

pregnancy, and before the time elapsed in which she should have suilered, the power and 


delusion of the devil passed away, and she was pardoned by the Governor, Sir William 
Phipps. At the trial of Elizabeth Proctor, she was required to recite the Lord's Prayer— 
through a hypercritical construction of her saying a part of it, as though she made a" mis- 
take, she was adjudged guilty. 

John Proctor, 2 by his will dated Aug. 2, 1692, during his imprisonment, a copy of which 
is in the Probate Court records of Salem, directs his property to be equally divided among 
all his children. It amounted to £17 6s. 8d. for each, viz. :— Benjamin, Martha, Mary, 
William, Joseph, Samuel (50—10), John, Elizabeth Verry, Thorndike, Sarah, Elizabeth 
Proctor, and Abigail. In 1696 his widow Elizabeth petitions the General Court that, 
whereas she being looked upon as dead in law, and left out of the wHl of her husband John 
Proctor, and nothing given her therein, nor ordered her before the distribution of his estate, 
but now by her pardon becoming alive in the law, she asks for her proportion, &c. 

John Proctor (82—10) was a respectable farmer, and great efforts were made by his friends, 
both at Salem village and at Ipswich, to save his life. While he and his wife were in 
prison, " The Sheriff came to his house, and seized all the goods, provisions and cattle, that 
they could come at, and sold some of the cattle at half price, and killed others and put them 
up for the West Indies; threw out the beer out of a barrel, and carried away the barrel ; 
emptied a pot of broth, and took away the pot, and left nothing in the house for the 
support of the children. No part of the said goods are known to be returned. Proctor 
earnestly requested Mr. Noyes to pray with him, but it was wholly denied, because he 
would not own himself to be a witch." 

During his imprisonment and before trial, he sent the following touching letter in behalf 
of himself and others : — 

"Mr. Mather, Mr. Allen, Mr. Moody, " Salem Prison, July 23, 1692. 

Mr. Willard and Mr. Baily. 

" Revd, Gentlemen, — The innocency of our case, with the enmity of our accusers, and our 
judges and jury, whom nothing but our innocent blood will serve, having condemned us 
already before our trials, being so much incensed and enraged against us by the devil, 
makes us bold to beg and implore your favorable assistance of this our humble petition to 
his excellency, that if it be possible our innocent blood may be spared, which undoubtedly 
otherwise will be shed, if the Lord doth not mercifully step in ; the Magistrates, Ministers, 
Juries, and all the people in general, being so much enraged and incensed against us by the 
delusion of the devil, which we can term no other, by reason we know in our own con- 
sciences we are all innocent persons. Here are five persons who have lately confessed them- 
selves to be witches, and do accuse some of us of being along with them at a sacrament, 
since we were committed into close prison, which we know to be lies. Two of the five are 
(carrier's sons) young men, who would not confess anything until they tied them neck and 
heels, till the blood was ready to come out of their noses; and it is credibly beleived and re- 
ported this was the occasion of making them confess what they never did, by reason they 
said one had been a witch a month and another five weeks, and that their mother had made 
them so, who has been confined this nine weeks. My son William Proctor, when he was 
examined, because he would not confess that he was guilty, when he was innocent, they 
tied him neck and heels till the blood gushed out at his nose, and would have kept him so 
for 24 hours, if one more merciful than the rest, had not taken pity on him and caused him 
to be unbound. These actions are very like the popish cruelties. They have already un- 
done us in our estates, and that will not serve their turn without our innocent blood. If it 
cannot be granted that we can have our trials in Boston, we humbly beg that you would 
endeavor to have these magistrates changed and others in their rooms ; begging also and 
beseeching you would be pleased to be here, if not all, some of you, at our trials, hopeing 
thereby you may be the means of saving the shedding of our innocent blood. Desiring 
your prayers to the Lord in our behalf, we rest your poor afflicted servants. 

John Proctor, &c." 

He pleaded very hard at execution for a little respite of time, saying he was not fit to die, 
but it ws^s not granted. The family of which he was the head, has continued to the present 
day iu the occupancy of his lands. Always respectable in their social position, they have 


perpetuated his marked traits of Intelle t and character. They have been strung nun in 
their day and generation, and hare constantly cherished in honor the memory of their 
noble progenitor, irho bravely breasted, i" defence of hi> wife, the Bene Binaticiinn of his 
age, and I'll a victim to Its fury and bis own manly fidelity and Integrity. 

lli> widow married 2d, Richard*. 

Bamw l Proctor (60— 10), born In Salem, Tan. LI, 1680, son of John and Elisabeth (Baaeett) 
Pro c t or, removed from Lynn to Palmonth Neck, now Portland, Me., about 171s, and bnilt 
a one story noose on Pore St., near where Willow St. joins it. The lot was granted to bin 
by tin- town in 1721, extending from Fore st. nearly to Federal St., between Willow and 
LimeSts. He also bsfe valuahle lots ta other parts of the torem. lie died in 1786, at the 
advanced age of 85. 1 1 i — children were : — John, BenJ unin, Samuel, Sarah, William, Beam, 
Karenhappack, Jemima and Dorcas. Barah (19—10) married John Cox (18—2). Karen- 
happnek married 1st, Joseph Hicks; 2d, Anthony Brackett Jemima married William 
Gentries; and Dorcas, Jonathan Paine. A portion of the lot on which Samnel Proctor bam 

ami lived, tor more than forty-live year-, remained until a few yean Btnce in the hands of 
bis descendants, through OOX, Paine, ami bis son Benjamin. All of the name, in ami about 
Portland, derive their origin from this stuck. 

11. BOABDHAX.— The family of Bordman or Boicinan, as sometimes spelled, h;i- M t- 
tl. da- early a- 1686 in Ipswich. There were three generation- of the name of Thomas, 
the third of whom had a wife Barah Langley (68—27), and was the father of Sarah cl\— 11) 
the wife of Thomas Cross (20— ■'>)■ By the Ipswich records it appears "Thorn 

Sarah Boardinan, liuth of Ip-wich, were published the eighteenth day of February, 1720-1," 

and Thomas, son of Thomas and Barab Cross, was baptised Dec. '_'0, 1741. 

Thomas Bordman, Senior, was a representative in ]0:}-">, ami died at Ipswich, lf>73. His 
widow Margaret died Nov. 2~>, li>7'>. 
Thomas 1 (M- 11), his son, hum ai.oiit 1648, married Elizabeth Perkins, Jan. 1,1667-8, and 

.lied 171''. 

Thomas 1 (62—11 l, bis -on, born August 8, 1669 J married Sarah Langley, and died .June 13, 

1748. Their daughter Barab married Thomas Cross (20— 8), and was living 1769.— J 
of A, Hammeti and II. I. Cross. 

There arc no indexes to Ihe flrsl one hundred yean of the IpSWlch records, and in order 
to find any particular record, the whole must he examined. — Letter* of Alfred Kimball. 

VI. Wusos. — The surname Of Watson Is evidently from Wat., the nickname or abbre- 
viated form of Waller-, with the termination "sou," signifying son of Walter. 

gives Waller-, Water-on, li/z Walter, Wait, Watt-, Wat-on, fcc., all derived from Walter, 

" a personal nai f Teutonic origin," which " mi not introduced until the Conquest." 

There Is a tradition that ■sfirn I not her- of the name came to New England and settled in 

Massachusetts and Connecticut 
John Wat-on, ut Boxbuiy, arrived in the Lion, Bept 11, 1682; was a freeman Nov. •">, 
married Alice, widow oi Valentine Prentice, April :t, 1684, ami died about 1671-8, 
His children were:— 1, John, b. .'an., 1686. 2, Edmund, b. .inly 12, 1686. 8, Joshua, b, 
Aug., 1687; d. 1649. •», Dorcas, b. Sept. 20, 1638. 6, Caleb, b. July 29, 1641. 6, Mary, bap- 
tised May, 1644. B\ hi- will. March I, 1671, proved Feb..'), lie then had four children liv- 

, :— John; Caleb; Dorcas, wift of Timothy Dwlght,of Medfleld; and Mary, wife 
as Stedman, of Muddy river. 

John, 1 Son of above, b. Jan., 1<;:(.">, married Mary , but names no children in In- w ill 

.:. 1698. He gives some -mail sums to his brother Caleb, who must then have 
Ing, a John Watson was in Capt. Johnson's company of Hoxbury, in the Indian 

war, 1676. 

1—12) was pi I from John, senior, but I have b et unable 



13. Clarke. — Andrew Clarke was the son of Thomas and Susan (Ring) Clarke. 
Thomas Clarke* is supposed by many of his descendants to have been the mate of the May- 
flower on her first voyage— and there is traditionary evidence tending to prove it, but Savage, 
in his Genealogical Dictionary, Vol. i. p. 401, says : — " We can hardly doubt that the oldest 
survivor of that memorable voyage must have been too well known to need a weak tradition 
to lean on." In the absence of positive testimony, each one must decide the question for 

The first appearance of Thomas Clarke as a settler, is in July, 1623, when he arrived at 
Plymouth in the Anne of 140 tons, William Pierce master, among a company of forty-two 
passengers, besides children. He brought with him considerable property, especially cattle, 
and had land allotted to him near Eel river, now Chiltonville, where he lived some time. In 
1627, Thomas Clarke was the only person of that name in Plymouth Colony, and in 1640 
he is included in the list of fifty-eight purchasers or old comers in Plymouth. In the doc- 
uments of the period he is sometimes called a carpenter, sometimes yeoman, merchant or 
gentleman. In 1633, he took the freeman's oath, and was assessed for the Colony tax 
£1. 4s., there being only twelve of the ninety assessed higher than him. In 1634, he took 
William Shuttle as an apprentice for eleven years, and at the end of his service was to give 
him two suits of clothes and eight bushels of corn ; and in 1639, Simeon Trott agreed to 
serve him for seven years and to receive a calf and twelve bushels of corn at the end of the 
time ; and the same year he was fined 30s. for selling a pair of boots and spurs for 15s. which 
he bought for 10s. In 1637 Thomas Clarke heads the list of volunteers to act against the 
Pequot Indians. He was a constable and surveyor of highways from 1641 to 1647 inclusive. 
In 1644, he sells twelve acres of land in Duxbury for one Dutch cow valued at £6. 

The records show that he had several suits in Court, and in 1654 was on a committee to 
raise means to fit out an expedition ordered by the Lord Protector. He appears to have 
been a good man of business, for he was at one time employed to audit the accounts of 
Plymouth Colony, and was Representative to the General Court in 1651 and 1655. 

He married, for his first wife, Susan, daughter of widow Mary Ring of Plymouth, pro- 
bably somewhere about 1634, as widow Ring, in her will dated Oct. 1633, mentions her 
daughter Susan as unmarried (N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., Jan., 1850J. All of Thomas 
Clarke's children were probably by this marriage. Between 1655 and 1660, he removed to 
Boston, where he lived in the vicinity of Scottow's lane (from Ann St., N. W. to Creek lane), 
and when his son Andrew married Mehitable Scottow, Thomas Clarke gave him a house 
in that neighborhood. He married, for his 2d wife, Mrs. Alice Nichols, daughter of Richard 
Hallet, in Boston, 1664. When his son Andrew removed to Harwich, Thomas Clarke seems 
to have followed him, as he and Andrew were among the earliest proprietors in that town. 
In his latter days he was much with his daughter Susanna Lathrop, in Barnstable. Thomas 
Clarke was a deacon of the Plymouth Church from 1654 to 1697, the year of his death. He 
died at Plymouth, and was buried on the summit of Burying Hill, which commands a view 
of the harbor. „ His grave stone is still to be seen, with the following inscription : — 

" Here lies buried ye body of Mr. Thomas 

Clarke, aged 98 years 

Departed this life March 24, 1697." 

His children were : — 

1, Andrew, b. about 1635. 2, James, b. about 1637. 3, William, b. about 1639. 4, 
Susanna, b. 1641. .5, Nathaniel, b. 1643. 6, John, b. 1645 or 1651. 

Andreio Clarke (56—13), his son, born about 1635, removed to Boston and married, in 
1671, Mehitable Scottow (57—29), and lived in Scottow's lane, where his father bought him 
a house, and he carried on the shoe business. He was Assistant Counsellor, and several 
times Representative to the General Court. (See note on page 58.) 

* In the collection of relics at Forefathers' Hall, Plymouth, is a China mug and leather wallet 
bearing the name of Thomas Clarke. 



14. Peahson. — Benjamin Pearson (90 — 14) was descended from John and Dorcas Pear- 
son of Rowley, who had five sons, viz. : — 1, John, b. 1644. 2, Samuel, b. 1648. 3, Jere- 
miah, b. 1653. 4, Joseph, b. 1656. 5, Benjamin, b. 1658. And probably Stephen. He had 
also seven daughters. — Gage's History of Rowley. 

The County records state that, " March 26, 1673, the town of Newbury was fined five 
pounds for neglect about Thorley's Bridge, and ordered to make it passable for safe travel- 
ing on penalty of ten pounds more, and John Pearson of Rowley was to see it made suffi- 
ciently and done by midsummer, &c." 

Benjamin Pearson (90 — 14), son of the above, born 1658, married Hannah Thurston 
(91—46), Jan. 20, 1680, and had nine children, viz. :— 1, Phebe, b. 1682. 2, Daniel, b. 1684. 
3, Abigail, b. 1689. 4, Benjamin, b. Aug. 12, 1690 ; d. April 5, 1774.» 5, Sarah, b. 1691. 
6, Mehitable, b. 1695. 7, Joseph, b. 1699. 8, David, b. 1702. 9, Oliver, b. 1704. 

Amos Pearson (58 — 14), was probably a grandson of Benjamin. 

15. Stickney. — William Stickney, the American ancestor of Samuel Stickney (92—15), 
was born in Frampton, England, and baptized at St. Mary's Church, Sept. 6, 1592. He died 
at Rowley, Jan. 25, 1664. He was the son of William, Senior, and Margaret (Pierson) Stick- 
ney, married June 6, 1585, and grandson of Robert and Agnes (Meif ) Stickney, who was 
buried Oct. 18, 1582. Mrs. Sarah (Stickney) Ellis, an authoress of some note, wrote Mr. 
Matthew A. Stickney, of Salem, that the family removed to Hull, and William and his 
family from thence to Boston, afterwards to Rowley, Mass. Wm. Stickney's portrait, that 
of his wife, coat of arms, and a Bible printed 1611, arc still in the family. The children of 
William Stickney, and Elizabeth his wife who was born 1708, were : 

1, Samuel. 2, Amos. 3, Mary. (All born in England.) 4, John, b. 1640. 5, Faith, b. 
1641. 6, Andrew, b. 1644. 7 and 8, Thomas and Elizabeth, b. Jan. 3, 1646 ; m. Mehit- 
able . 9 and 10, Mercy and Adding, b. Nov. 14, 1648. 

Samuel* his eldest son, was born in England, 1633, and came to Rowley when he was 
about seven years old. He married 1st, Feb. 18, 1653, Julianna Swan, daughter of Richard 
S. of Rowley, and had four children by her; 2d, he married Prudence Scaver, the widow 
of Lieut. Benjamin Gage, who was the daughter of Thomas Scaver, Town Clerk of Rowley, 
born Jan. 11, 1644, and died in Bradford 1716. They were married, April, 1674. After this 
marriage he moved to Bradford, which he represented in 1689-90. By both wives he had 
seven children. 

His eldest son Satnuel 2 (92 — 15), born in Rowley, Feb. 5, 1663, married Mary ; Bhfl 

outlived him and settled his estate in 1716. He was selectman of Bradford several years 
and had twelve children. His eldest son Thomas (60 — 15), born Aug. 23, 1694, married 
Mary Mullekin (61—31), June 19, 1716. They had eight children. He held every office in 
the gift of the town, was a Lieut., &c. He died Oct. 22, 1767, and his wife March 2, 1737. 
Their 3d child Rebecca (29—15), b. Oct 3, 1724, married Deacon Joseph Hovey (28—7). 

It seems that Thomas Stickney married a 2d wife Dorothy, probably a widow. In his 
will, dated at Bradford, March 26, 1760, he gives first his wife " what she brought with her 
at marriage, and then divides his own property among his six living children and the heirs 
of his son Samuel deceased, and mentions among them his daughter Rebecca (29 — US), wile 
of Joseph Hovey.— Letters of Matthew A. Stickney, 1852, 1803 ; and D. Fitts, Town Clerk of 
Bradford, 1851. 

16. Sueiuiaiid. — I have been unable to obtain any reliable information about Capt. 
William Sherrard, the father of Sarah, who married Stephen Harris, e x c ep t in g that he died 
at sea, August, 1768, on his passage from Jamaica. The Boston Post Boy and Adrertisir of 
Monday, Aug. 22, 1768, containing a notice of his death, remarks as follows : — 

"LaU Tuesday died 0D his passage from Jamaica to Boston, Capt. William Sherrard, in 
the 67th year of his age, after a few days illness — a noted sea commander and a man well 
esteemed among us." It is believed he was born in England. 


17. Tilden.— Among the list of passengers in the Hercules of Sandwich of 200 tons, 
John Witherly, master, bound for " the plantation called New England in America, with 
certificates from the minister where they last dwelt, of their conversation and conformity to 
the orders and discipline of the church, and that they had taken the oath of supremacy," 

" Nathaniel Tilden of Tenterden, yeoman, wife Lydia, seven children, and seven ser- 
vants." Certificate from Mr. Jno. Gee, Vicar of Tenterden, Feb. 26, 1634 ; Jno. Austen, 
Mayor of Tenterden, and Fregift Stace, Jurat. March 4, 1634. 

For further concerning Elder Nathaniel Tilden (96—17), the father of Judith (Tilden) 
Preble (33—17), and the Tilden family generally, see page 6 of this volume, and the descrip- 
tion of the Tilden arms on page 13. 

18. Davenport.— Ebenezer Davenport (98—18) was the seventh child of Thomas 
Davenport, weaver, who was in Dorchester, and joined the church in 1640, and was made a 

freeman 1642. His wife's name was Mary . He died Nov. 9, 1685. She died Oct. 

4, 1691. His eldest son Thomas was killed in 1675 in the Narragansett war. 

Ebenezer Davenport's wife Dorcas Andrews (99—50) was the daughter of James An- 
drews, once of Falmouth. She died Nov. 24, 1723, aged 60. He died July 19, 1738, aged 
78 years, so say their gravestones. Their children were: 

1, Mary, b. July 15, 1683 ; m. Richard Brooks, Nov. 7, 1706. 2, Tabitha or Tibitha, b. in 
Dorchester, May 3, 1688 ; m. John Cocks, Jr., Dec. 11, 1712. 3, Hester or Esther, b. Feb. 
11, 1690; m. Josiah Hobbs, April 7, 1709. 4, James, b. March 1, 1693; was three times 
m. and had over twenty children, the youngest of whom, John Davenport, of Portsmouth, 
died in 1842, aged 90. 5, Zeruiah. b. Feb. 14, 1695 ; m. Thomas Lezenby, June 3, 1723. 6, 
Hepzibah, b. April 11, 1697; m. Thomas Cocks, July 25, 1722. 7, Thankful, b. March 8, 

1700 ; m. Cocks. 8, Elijah or Elisha, b. Sept. 26, 1703 ; m. Rachel Searle, Oct. 27, 

1726. 9, Ebenezer, b. Oct. 23, 1706; m. Submit Howe, April 23, 1729. 

After the death of his first wife, Ebenezer, Sen. married again to Sarah Bartlett, May 26, 
1724, as appears by the records, but his will, made Jan. 26, 1729-30, says — "as my present 
wife hath absent herself from my house for three years past, which is the principal part of 
the time since I married her "—he cuts her off, &c. He gives his son James all his lands, 
and mentions his daughters — Mary Brooks, Tabitha Cocks, Hepzibah Cocks, and Thank- 
ful Cock, &c. 

Willis, in his History of Portland, says that Ebenezer Davenport was once there, but 
after his dwelling was destroyed he returned to Dorchester. He had some assistance from 
the town, but afterwards appears to have been in better circumstances. He was about 24 
years of age when he came to Falmouth, 1685, and lived on a farm east of the Presumpscot 
river, near James Andrews, whose daughter he married. 

A full account of the name appears in the " Davenport Family," published by A. B. 
Davenport, New York. 

20. Williams.— The name of Williams or Williamson is very ancient. Most of the origi- 
nal members were of Welsh extraction, and form a large portion of the principality of Wales. 

Robert Williams, Sen., of Roxbury, Mass., probably came from Norwich, England, though 
some have asserted that he came from Yarmouth. He was admitted a freeman in 1638, and 
is the common ancestor of the divines, civilians and warriors of this name who have 
honored the country of their birth. His first wife was Elizabeth Stratton. He probably 
married her in England, as his eldest son Samuel was born in 1632, six years before he 
arrived in America. By his first wife he had four sons :— 1, Samuel, b. 1632 ; d. 1698. 2, 
Isaac, b. 1638. 3, Stephen, b. Nov. 8, 1640 ; d. Feb. 15, 1719-20. 4, Thomas, d. young. 

His wife, Elizabeth Stratton, the mother of these children, died July 28, 1674, aged 80. 
He married again, it is supposed, Miss Martha Strong, who died in 1704, in the 92d year 
of her age. 


Rol>crt "Williams, Sen., died at Roxbury, Sept. 1, 1693, surviving his first wife (who was 
80 years old at the time of her death) nineteen years. His gravestone cannot he found in 
Roxbury burying-ground, though those of Elizabeth, his wife, who died 1674, and of his 
sons Stephen and Samuel, arc still extant there. His will, signed and sealed Nov. 26, 1685, 
was admitted to Probate Sept. 29, 1693. 

Stephen Williams, the third son of the above Robert, was born Nov. 8, 1640; married 

Sarah Wise, , 1666, and died Feb. 15, 1719-20, according to the monument to his 

memory in the old-burying ground, Roxbury. He lived at the paternal mansion, and took 
care of his father and uncle Nicholas, while they lived agreeably to the provisions of his 
father's will, viz.: "Inasmuch as I have in this my will given my son Stephen some- 
what more than the rest of my sons, I would not have them or others think hardly of me 
for so doing, for he lives under the same roof with me, and thereby hath been more helpful 
and comfortable unto me than the other sons have." He also gave to "brother Nicholas 
Williams, thirty shillings per annum, to be equally paid by sons Samuel and Stephen," 
besides other legacies, and further willed, "that my brother Nicholas have house-room, 
washing and lodging, by my sons Samuel and Stephen." Stephen "Williams was a Captain. 
The children of Stephen and Sarah (Wise) Williams, were : — 

1, Sarah, b. Aug. 13, 1667 ; m. a Hastings. 2, Man,', b. Dec. 20, 1669; m. a Choate. 3, 
Elizabeth, b. Oct. 1, 1672; m. a Tucker. 4, Bcthiah, b. April 26, 1676; m. a Rice. 5, 
Stephen, b. Aug. 26, 1678 ; m. Mary Capen. 6, Robert, b. and d. 1680. 7, Joseph i 102-30), 
b. Feb. 24, 1681 ; m. Abigail Davis ( 103 — 52). 8, Grace, b. April 2, 1688 ; m. John Metealf. 
9, Catharine, b. Nov. 9, 1690 ; d. June, 1707. 10, Thomas, b. July 27, 1694 ; d. Sept. 1694. 
11, John, b. Jan. 16, 1703-4. 

Joseph Williams (102— 20), son of Stephen and Sarah, had the following children: — 1, 
Joseph, b. April 10, 1708. 2, Mary (39—20), b. Sept. 14, 1710 ; m. Samuel Gore, Feb. 22, 
1726. 3, John, b. Sept. 17, 1712. 4, Sarah, b. Sept. 17, 1714. 5, Stephen, b. Oct. 27, 1716 ; 
d. Aug. 21, 1720. 6, Jeremiah, b. Oct. 5, 1718; m. Catharine Payson, 1713; d. 1762. 7, 
Abicl, b. Oct. 17, 1720 ; m. Timothy Foster, 1773. 

Sec note on Gore Family, fur ft iscendanta of Mary (39—20). 

The family estate in Roxbury remained in possession of the descendants of Robert, Sen., 
until 1826. The last possessor of it was Thomas William-;. Esq., counsellor at law, son of 
Thomas Williams, M.D., who graduated at Harvard College, l7-">7. 

Forty-six of the name of Williams were subscribers to Prince's Chronology. Seventy- 
five of the name were graduates of Harvard College between the years l<;s:> and isi:i, and' 
fifty-nine of Yale College, including nine honorary graduates between 17'-"- and 1842, and 
sixty of other New England Colleges up to 1812; twenty-four had been members of Con- 
gress to that date. 

Mrs. Abigail (Davis) Williams (103—52), of Roxbury, was manted, 2d, to Mr. Edward 
Ruggles, of Roxbury, by Rev. Nch. Walter, Jan. 11, 1732-3. 

23. in.— William Pflsbury, the father of Moses (108— 231, came, tradition says, 
from BtaftvdabJre. He married Dorothy Crosbj, in Dorcheeter, about 1641, th 

Newbury where he died, June 19, 1686. He had nine children. 

Hotel Pflttmry, son of William, married, lc.fis, widow Balaam. Worth, daughter of John 

Whipple and widow of Lionel Worth, of Newlniry, who died .lune 19, 1687. Their Chll- 
dren were:— 1, Dorothy, b. April 9, 1675. 2, Susanna, h. Feb, 6, 1»;77. 8, Judith, b. 
March 16, 167B. I, Caleb, b. .Inly 27, 1681. •">. Hannah, b. Mav ;'., 168 ■. 

JohnWhrjp] 'the Hamlet, the rather of Mrs. Susanna PUebary, died June SO, 1669« 

lb- had a large grant of land, 1689. Was a freeman, 1640. Sustained various offlo 

the town. Was fcodfce of the Qraramar School. Was Deputy to the General Court 1640-41 
and 1640, and from i860 to 1068, aighl years. He was Deacon of she church and Ruling 

Elder. Me ha. I a VMte Sarah, who died 1668, and left a widow Jennet. JohUSOD mentions 

Mr. Whipple „, ,„,e frbose godly rineertty is — v- n ■ nfn't nrtaq) trf fTiiilury, 

and I..l(,r„f J. I.. Emiott, Tmcn Clnk ,<f llo.rfvrd, to O. 11. 1'. 


24. Tttckerman. — John Tuckcrman (110—24), of Boston, the father of Thankful (Tack- 
sman) Harris (47—24), made his will April 3, 1773, which was proved June 11, 1773. (Sec 
note concerning Harris family on page 249). 

26." Brackett.— Capt. Anthony Brackett (114—26) was killed by the Indians on his 
farm at Back Cove, Falmouth, Me., Sept. 21, 1689. He married for his 2d wife Susanna, 
daughter of Abraham Drake, of Hampton, Nov. 9, 1678. Their marriage contract is 
given in Willis's History of Portland (new edition), page 219-20, viz. : — 

" Articles of agreement made and concluded between Anthony Brackett, Jr., of Casco Bay, 
on the one part, and Abraham Drake, Sen., of Hampton, in the County of Norfolk, N. E. 
"Whereas the said Anthony Brackett, widower, is lately joined in marriage with Susanna 
Drake, single woman, and the eldest daughter of the said Abraham Drake of Hampton, Know 
ye, that I, the said Anthony Brackett have covenanted and agreed, and by these presents do 
covenant and agree to and with the said Abraham Drake, as a feoffee in trust for and in 
behalf of the said Sussauah my present wife, that I do by these presents instate the said 
Sussanah by way of jointure one half of all my lands and housing which I have in Casco 
Bay, or shall have according to the true estimation and value thereof, for her free jointure 
during her natural life, and to be and to remain to her and her male heirs begotten of her 
body by me, said Anthony Brackett her present husband. 

" Having made this promise before marriage I do consent to it with my hand and seal, 
and what the Lord shall add unto my estate during our natural lives together. Made at 
Black point, Sept. 30, 1679. 

Witness, Thomas Scottow." 

The children of Capt. Anthony and Susanna Brackett, were: — 1, Jane. 2, Zipporah. 
3, Zachariah. 4, Ann. 5, Susanna (51 — 26), who married Samuel Proctor (50 — 10). 

Capt. Anthony's first wife was Ann, daughter of Michael Mitton, by whom he had : — 1, 
Anthony. 2, Seth. 3, Mary. 4, Kezia. His name occurs for the first time in the history 
of ancient Falmouth, as a witness to a deed in 1662, and the name has since been connected 
with the affairs of the town through a numerous posterity. Willis gives a facsimile of his 
signature on page 268 of his History of Portland, in which frequent mention of him is to 
be found. 

27. Langley.— Abel Langley (116—27), the father of Sarah (Langley) Bordman (53—27), 
was in Rowley as early as 1642, and married Sarah Quilter (117 — 59), his third wife, 
about 1674. 

29. Scottow. — The Scottow family, Scotto as sometimes written, was of some note in 
the early history of Boston. Thej r came from Norwich, Norfolk Co., England, and were 
cabinet makers by trade. The family consisted of the widow Thomasine Scotto and her 
two sons— Thomas born 1612, and Joshua born 1615. She was admitted to the First Church 
in 1634, her sons in 1639. Thomas Scotto had a house and garden in School St., which he 
sold in 1645, for £55. It joined the Burying place on the East, and seems to have included 
the same property which his great-great-grandson Samuel Clarke owned and occupied 133 
years after, which estate remained in the family until about 1825, when it was sold to the 
city by Dr. Samuel Clarke, and now forms part of the City Hall Square. 

In the " Book of Possessions," Thomas Scotto is put down as owner of house and garden 
in School St. ; four acres of land at Muddy river (Brookline) and a marsh at the same place. 
He died in 1661. Will dated March 9, 1660 ; Thomas Clarke, witness. Property appraised 
at £250 sterling.— N. E. Hist, and Gene. Register, vol. x. p. 362. 

Thomas Scotto was overseer of graves, gates and fences in 1644, and we find the follow- 
ing in the town records, February, 1646—" Thomas Scotto to see yt ye graves be digged five 
foot deep." — Drake's History of Boston, p. 302. 


The family is said to trace book to the year 1120, and the name was originally Seot-howc, 
Which signifies a portion on the hill-side. In the early records it is written variously, Scotto, 
Scottoe, Scottow and Scottoa. There is no known living descendant of the name in New 
England at this time, and the blood is chiefly perpetuated in the Clarke family and its de- 

Thomas Scottow (120—29), married Joan Sandford (121—61), whose daughter Mehftable 
(■57 — 29), married Andrew Clark (56 — 13), 1671. They were the parents of Mrs. Mehitable 

30. Morse. — The ancestor of Mary Morse (59 — 30), was Anthony Morse, Sen., of New- 
bury, shoemaker, who was born at Marlboro', Wiltshire, England, May 9, 1606, married 

Mary , and died Feb. 25, 1678. His 2d wife, Mary Barnard, whom he married Nov. 

I, died March 9, 1679. He came in the ship James to this country, and settled in 
Newbury in 1685. He belonged to that class of Puritans who strove to separate from the 
corruptions of the established church while they continued in her. The date of his separa- 
tion synchronizes with that of bis embarkation for New England. So generally inclined 
to godly walk were the live first generations of his race, that it was said of them : — " It was 
as natural for the Morses to be religious as for certain other families to be vicious." 

Anthony, Sen., settled about half a mile South of the most ancient cemetery in Newbury 
old town, on a slight eminence in a held still called "the Morse Held," where traces of his 
honae a few rods from the road are still risible. 

March, 1649, " Anthony Morse was presented for digging a pit and not filling it up 
seasonably." In this pit Thomas Smith was drowned. 

In 1665, Anthony Morse, Ben., Bays the town records — " Is to keep the meeting-house and 
ring the bell, see that the house lie kept eleanc swept, and the glasse of the windows to be 
carefully look't unto, it 'any should happened to be loosed with the wind, to be nailed close 

Anthony, Sen., had a daughter Mary, bom April 9, 1619, and died June 14, 1692. 

Deacon Benjamin Morse, son of the above, born March i, 1640, married Ruth Sawyer, 
An.. 27, I'i*i7, and was a member of the 2d church in West Newbury. He had eleven chil- 
dren. Daughter Mary bom May 15, 1686. 

Deacon Benjamin 2 Morse, son of Bcnj. and Ruth (Sawyer) Morse, was born Aug. 24, 1668 ; 
married Susanna, daughter of Abel Merrill, Jan. 28, 1691-2. She was born Nov. 14, 1673. 
They had sixYhildrcn born between the years 1692 and 1703. The youngest, Mary, was 
born Sept 8, 1703. 

This last, probably, Mary (59—30), married Amos Pearson (58—14), Dec. 8, 1726.— 
Memorial of the Morses ; Coffin's History of Xeicbury, and Letter of Joshua Coffin to G. 
11. P., May 6, 1850. 

31. Mri.i.iKDN.— Mary (01—31), daughter of Robert and Rebecca Mulliken, according 
to the town records Of Bradford, MaaS., was born Sept. 26, 1692. The records contain no 
other mention Of her parents, than as connected With the record of her birth. The death of 
me Robert Mulliken Is recorded June 11, 1741, and another Of thfl same name June 19, 1756, 

either of which may have been Mary M.'s father. 

35. Tnr.Anwi li..— The parents of Martha | Treadwell) Cross (69—35) were Thomas and 
Mary Treadwell. ThomM Treadwell was a smith, and emigrated from London to N, w 
England in the "Hopewell," 1685, with his wile Mary, both aged 30. He died JuneS, 

1674, aged 69. His widow died Dec. 1, 1685, aged 80. 

Martha (68—85), their daughter, bom March 16, 1611-5, married Robert Cross, Jr., 
(68-3), and died March 3, 1738, aged U4. 


36. Gardner.— Peter Gardner, of Roxbury (probably the brother of Thomas 2 ), born 
1617, embarked in April, 1635, on the Elizabeth at London; married May 9, 1646, Rebecca 
Crooke, and had children:— 1, Rebecca, b. Nov. 9, 1647. 2, Peter, b. Jan. 24, 1649. 3, 
Thomas, b. 1652, and d. 15 mos. old. 4, Sarah, b. 1654 ; d. aged six years. 5, John, 1). 1655. 
6, Samuel, b. 1657 ; killed by the Indians, April 2, 1676. 7, Joseph, b. 1659. 8, Sarah, b. 
April 20, 1662. 9, Benjamin, b. April 23, 1664. 10, Ebenezer, b. Aug. 5, 1665; d. Nov. 13, 
1683. 11, Jonathan, b. Aug. 14, 1667. 

Mrs. Rebecca (Crooke) Gardner died June 10, 1675, aged 45. Sarah (71—36), daughter 
of Peter and Rebecca Gardner, b. April 20, 1662, married John Gore (70 — 4), of Roxbury, 
May 31, 1683, who was born in England, May 23, 1634; he was the son of John Gore, who 

emigrated to Roxbury 1635, bringing with him his wife Rhoda , who surviving him, 

married Lieut. John Remington. 

Hannah Richards, the 2d wife of Jeremiah Gore (22 — 4), the grandson of John and Sarah, 
related the following story to Miss Sally Harris, born 1769, my informant, concerning them : 
" When Sarah Gardner was born, a young man came there by the name of Gore, and stayed 
all night ; the babe was so small that they could not dress it. Mr. Gore told them to kill a 
kid, wrap the child in it, hair-side in, and in twenty years he would come back and marry 
her, and he did so." It will be observed Sarah Gardner was just twenty-one at the date of 
their marriage, and he was just forty-nine years old. 

There is another tradition of this event, as related by their granddaughter, Mrs. Sarah 
Reed, of Ipswich — that "one day Mr. John Gore, 2 being at Mr. Gardner's house, the latter 
advised him to get married. An infant daughter lay in the cradle, which, Mr. Gore rocking, 
said, ' Perhaps I wait for your daughter,' and so it happened when about fifty years old, 
he was married to Sarah Gardner, the child they rocked." They had nine children, born 
between 1684 and 1699 — for which see note concerning the Gores. 

37. Mayo. — Mary Mayo (73 — 37), wife of Jonathan Bangs, born 1645, was the daughter 
of Samuel Mayo, and granddaughter of Rev. John Mayo. 

The first record we have of the Rev. John Mayo, is that of his being " admitted a freeman 
by the Court at Plymouth, and sworn March 3d, in the 15th year [1640] of his Majesties 
reign." In this record he is described as of Barnstable, and by the church and town 
records it appears that " Mr. Mayo was one of the original settlers of that town." 

By the Plymouth records it appears Mr. Mayo was located in the church at Barnstable 
while Mr. Lathrop was Pastor there, and was thence removed to Nausett [now Eastham] 
upon the gathering of a church at that place. Among the list of persons in Barnstable in 
the year 1643, from 16 to 60 years of age, as able to bear arms, are Mr. John Mayo, Samuel 
Mayo and Nathaniel Mayo, and they with 43 others are recorded as the first settlers of 
Barnstable, and as being there in 1640. . On account of some difficulties and discourage- 
ments, Mr. Mayo left the church at Nausett, and was called to the pastoral care of the second 
church in Boston, and was there ordained Nov. 9, 1655. There is little known of him in 
Boston, excepting the following which is taken from the church records, where it is record- 
ed in the hand writing of Increase Mather, who succeeded him : 

" In the beginning of which year [1672], Mr. Mayo the Pastor, likewise grew very infirm, 
insomuch as the congregation was not able to hear and be edified : wherefore the brethren 
(the Pastor manifesting his concurrence) desired the Teacher to take care for a supply of 
the congregation, that the worship of God may be upheld amongst us, which was by him 
consented to as Christ should enable him. 

" On the 15th of the 2d month 1673, removed his person and goods also, from Boston to 
reside with his daughter in Barnstable where (and at Yarmouth) since he hath lived a pri- 
vate life, as not being able through infirmities of old age to attend to the work of the 

« The — day of the 3'J month (May) 1676 he departed this life at Yarmouth, and was 
there buried." 

His widow Tamison died also at Yarmouth, February 26, 1682, 


An inventory of bis estate was taken June 1, 1676; the amount was £111. 4s.; of which 
£16 wire in direr, £11 iii wearing clothes, 10s. a carpet, £10 for plate, and £10 books. 

The age of Mr. Mayo at hi- decease is not known, but he was said to be " very old" and 
born probably before the year 1600. Tradition says he was burn in England andemigrated 
to Plymouth Colony on account of the government persecutions against tlie Puritans. He 
was doubtless a graduate of some college, as the early settlers never allowed the settling 
as pastor of a church of any person unless he was a "highly educated man." 

Amongst some very ancient receipts, arc signed by Mr. Mayo's son on behalf of. 
his father, after he had gone to Barnstable, which prove the fact creditable to the church, 
that, though their aged pastor had ceased to serve them, they did not cease to remember his 
former labors which had lasted a> long as his strength, nor seize an excuse that has often 
been found by religious societies, for neglecting to comfort him in his declining years. This 
provision was continued, as the receipts indicate, up to the time of his death. 

Samuel Mayo, son of the Rev. John Mayo, was one of the first settlers of Barnstable, and 
was there while his father was teacher there. In the fall of 1653, he removed from Barn- 
stable to Oyster Bay on Long Island, in company with sonic other- from that town, and 
purchased 3,000 acre- of land from the Indian-, the deed tor which is -till extant ; the con- 
sideration was, three coats, three shirts, two culloes, three hatchets, two fathom wampum, 
six knives, two pair of stockings and two pair of shoes. In 1658, the company sold this 
land to Samuel Andrews for £100. 

Samuel .Mayo about this time removed to Boston, where he resided until his death in 
II 68 or '64 At a County Court held at Boston the 26th of April, 1664, power of administra- 
tion on the estate of the late Samuel Mayo, Mariner, deceased, was granted to Mr. John 

Mayo his father, the widow of the said Samuel Mayo refusing to take admini.-tiation in 

behalf <>f the creditors and children. The estate was appraised at £21. 8s. lOd. 

By the records of the second church in Boston, Mr. John Mayo Pastor, "in 1660 
Toma-ine M ayo, wife of Samuel Mayo, was admitted to full communion in the church." 

By the church record- of Barn-table, in the handwriting of Rev. Mr. Lathrop, arc record- 
ed the baptisms of Mary and Samuel, Feb. 8, 1650; Hannah, Oct. 20, 1650, and Elizabeth, 
May 'J2, 1663, children of Samuel and ThomaMiie Mayo. 

What became of the children of Samuel Mayo, is not known, except that Mary Mayo 
(73—37), who married Jonathan Bangs (72 — 6), in Eastham, July 16, 1664, and Elizabeth 
Mayo, who married Rev. Samuel Treat, of Ea-tham, in 167 1, were the daughters of Samuel. 

38. Mayo. — Thomasin Mayo (7-5 — 38), born June 10, 16S9, was the daughter of Joseph 
Mayo, of Newbury, and Sarah short, daughter of Henry short, who were married May 20, 

1670. Joseph Mayo was tin- -on of John Mayo, of Roxbury, who married Sarah Burden. 

39. IvOBYB, — A Thomas Ivory was in Lynn in 1638; by his wife Ann he had Thomas, 
who married Mary Davis, May, 1660. 

40. Si kiwi n. — I have been unable to find any notice of any family of this name in New 
England. If il not mentioned in Savage, though Scribncr la. 

ij. Bambtt. — William Bassett, of Plymouth, or Basltte n< it waa Originally written, 
c ime to New England In the second ship, " the Fortune," in 1621, with his wife BUnbeth — 
one account -a\ - hi- w Ife's name was Elisabeth Tildes. He removed to Duxbnry, and was 
living there In i<; ".7. En 1640, '46 and '48, he waa a representative or deputy to the Genera] 

Court lor that town, ami perhaps other years. In 1640, he received a grant of loo ai 

land at Uo.iwt I'oiid, and he was a large land owner, lie was a man of some note in the 
colony, and lelt at hi- death a valuable library. The name DaSSOM i- -aid to bo derived from 
the old French basset, a dwarf or very low man. The English families of the name arc very 


ancient, but said to be of low origin. They have, however, given name to several places in 
England.- In 1644, a William Bassett, Sen. and William Bassett, Jr., are recorded on a 
Duxbury list as able to bear arms. William Bassett, Sen., died in 1667. His children were : 

1, William. 2, Nathaniel, of Duxbury. 3, Joseph. 4, Sarah, m. Peregrine White; d. 
1711. 5, Elizabeth, m. Thomas Burgess, Nov. 8, 1648. 6, Jane. 7, Ruth, m. 1st, John 
Sprague, 1655 ; 2d, a Thomas. 

In a cattle-division list of 1623, no children of his are mentioned ; but in a similiar list of 
1627, is found the names of his son William and daughters Sarah and Elizabeth. 

William Bassett, of Lynn, probably a son of the above, was a farmer. He lived on Na- 
hant St., on land which in 1863 was still in the possession of his descendants. He married 
Sarah, daughter of Hugh Bart, who died 1661 ; probably married again, and died March 
31, 1703. 

He was an ensign in the company of Capt. Gardner, of Salem, in the Indian war, and was at 
" the swamp fight." For his services the General Court made him a grant of land. Capt. 
William Bassett, supposed to be the same individual, was one of a council of war with 
Major Benjamin Church, at Scarborough, Me., Nov., 1689. His name often appears 
in the town records of Lynn, where in 1691 he is called " Quartermaster Bassett." He was 
also collector of the parish taxes at that date. His children were : 

1, William. 2, John, b. Nov. 4, 1653 ; m. Mercy Todd. 3, Mirioun, b. Sept., 1655. 4, 
Ma^y, b. March, 1657 ; m. Michael Derrick. 5, Hannah, b. Feb. 25, 1660. 6. Samuel, b. 
March 18, 1664. 7, Rachel, b. March 13, 1666. 8, Elisha. 9, Elizabeth, m. John Proctor. 
10, Nathaniel, m. a daughter of John Joyce. 

His son William 3 married Sarah, daughter of Richard Hood, Oct. 25, 1675, and succeeded 
to his estate. This Sarah was imprisoned in 1692 for witchcraft. She had a young child 
twenty-two months old, which she took with her to prison. The next daughter which she 
had after her imprisonment she called " Deliverance." 

Elizabeth Bassett (83 — 42), who married John Proctor (82—10), April 1, 1674, was the 
daughter of William Bassett, Sen., of Lynn. Some time after her husband's execution, and 
when pardoned herself, she applied for a share of his estate. She married, 2d, Richards. 

43. Perkins. — John Perkins, the Elder, of Ipswich, as he is called in the records, was 
the grandfather of Elizabeth Perkins (85 — 13). He was born in Newent (as supposed) in 
Gloucestershire, England, in 1590. He embarked with his wife and family for America at 
Bristol, England, in the ship " Lyon," Capt. William Pearce, Dec. 1, 1630, and arrived at 
Boston after a " very tempestuous voyage," Feb. 5, 1631. The famous Roger Williams was 
one of his fellow passengers. At this time their youngest child was about seven, and their 
oldest seventeen years. On the 18th of May, 1631, he was admitted a freeman. He re- 
mained in Boston about two years, when in 1633 he removed to Ipswich. He was a repre- 
sentative to the General Court from that town in 1636, held various town offices and trusts, 
and appears to have been a man of great respectability. He owned a large Island at the 
mouth of Ipswich river, which was then, and nearly to our own day, called Perkins's Island. 
It is still believed to be in the family. His house, which he gave after his wife's decease to 
his youngest son Jacob, the father of Elizabeth (85 — 43), stood near Manning's Neck and 
close to the river. His will is dated March 28, 1654, and he probably died not long after, 
as he then says he was " sick and weak in body." It was proved Sept., 1654, when his estate 
was valued at £250. 05s. Hefwas 64 years old at his death. The name of his wife was 
Judith, and he left six children, viz. : 

1, John, b. 1614. 2, Thomas, b. 1616. 3, Elizabeth, b. . 4, Mary. 5, Lydia. 6, 

Jacob, b. 1624. His descendants are very numerous and respectable. 

Jacob, the youngest son of the above John, the Elder, was born in England, 1624, and 

was seven years old at the time of his father's emigration. He inherited by will all his 

father's real estate in Ipswich. In 1694, he described himself as " Sergeant Jacob Perkins, 

Sen., and as having grown old and given to each of his children their respective parts of his 



estate." His wife Elizabeth died Feb. 12, 1685, aged 56. He died Jan. 29, 1700, aged 76. 
Their children were : — 

1, Elizabeth (85—43), b. April 1, 1650. 2, John, b. July 3, 1654; d. 1705. 3, Judith, b. 
July 11, 1655. 4, Mary, b. May 14, 1658. 6, Jacob, Jr., b. Aug. 3, 1662 ; m. Oct. 15, 1684, 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Sparks. 

Matthew, born June 23, 1665, a brother of Jacob, who died 1755, aged 90, was the grand- 
father of the well known inventor and mechanic, Jacob Perkins, who was born iu Ncwbury- 
port, and died in London, England, July 30, 1649, aged 83. X E. His. and Gen. Reg., 1856, 
and Histories of Xeicbury and of Ipsioich. 

45. Rixo. — Susanna Ring (89 — 45) was the daughter of widow Mary Ring, of Plymouth. 
The will of Mary Ring (see X. E. Hist, and Genl. Register, Jan., 1850) is dated Oct. 28, 1633. 
Mrs. Ring mentions her daughter Susan as unmarried. 

46. Thurston. — Hannah Thurston (91 — 16) was probably the daughter of Daniel Thurs- 
ton, Jr., who married Anne Pell, Oct. 20, 1655. He died Feb. 19, 1693. He had eleven 
children, and Hannah the second child was born Jan. 20, 1659. 

Daniel Thurston, Sen., was twice married, but died Feb. 16, 1668, without issue, leaving 
his estate " to his kinsman, Daniel Thurston," above. 

50. Andrews. — James Andrews, the father of Dorcas Andrews (99 — 53), was the son of 
Samuel Andrews, who came from London. He was born in 1635, probably in Saco, but 
soon after his father's death, which took place about 1638, he removed to Falmouth, with 
his mother on her marriage with Arthur Maekworth. He a Bnpposed to have married for 

his first wife, Sarah, a daughter of Michael Mitton; his second wife was Margaret . 

He lived on a farm cast of the Presumpscot river, which in 1831 had passed into the pos- 
session of Capt. Samuel Moody. During the Indian war he removed to Boston, where he 
died in 1704, leaving a widow, one son and three daughters, who are mentioned in his will, 
which is on record iu Boston. He appears to have been a mariner. 

52. Davis.— According to the Roxbury records, Joseph Williams (102—20) was born 
Feb. 24, 1681, and married Abigail Davis (103—52), May 22, 1707. The births of two Abi- 
gail Davises arc recorded in the same record of that era, via.: — "Abagal Daughter of 
Tobias Davis, borne Sept. 5, 1671 ("and "Abigail the daughter of Jonathan and Anna Davis, 
was born Jan. 21, 1695." One or the other of these two must have been the wife of Joseph 

65. Worth — Wmrri.r..— Susanna Worth was the daughter of John Whipple, of Ips- 
wich, and widow of Lioonel Worth. Tradition report- thai the Whipple family cam 

originally from Wales, and that there were four brothers — David, who Bettled in Rhode, 
island, Jeremiah, William and Thomas. There were two brothers, John and Matthew, who 

st ttled at [pswlcb — In the part called the Hamlet, since Hamilton. Deacon John Whipple, 

thfl lather ofSii-anna (100—56), was born about 1600, and died .In: II. id a largl 

grant of land in 1689; freeman, 1640; was a Deacon and Ruling Elder of the First Church 
at Ipswich. He wasabrother toMatbew. His children were by his first wifo. His second 
wilb was Jennet, widow of Thomas Dickinson, children: — ), John (Capt). 2, Elisabeth, 

m. a Paine, 1680. 3, Sarah, in. Joseph Goodhue. 4, Mary, in. Simeon Stone, of YVaUr- 
town. ,'», Susnnwih, in. Lit, L. Worth ; 'Jd, Moses Pil.-bury. 


58. Drake.— Robert Drake, the American ancestor and grandfather of Susannah Drake 
(115—58), who married Capt. Anthony Brackett (114—26), was born in Devonshire, Eng- 
land, 1580, and came to New England about 1635 or 1636 ; settled in Exeter 1638, or near 
that time, and finally in Hampton, in 1649-50, where he died Jan. 14, 1668, aged 88. The 
name of his wife is not known, nor is there any account of her having came to New Eng- 
land. She probably died in England before the emigration. Robert Drake's children were : 

1, Nathaniel, b. 1612, who settled in Portsmouth, N. H., and m. Jane, widow of William 
Berry, 2d wife. 2, Abraham, b. 1620, resided in Hampton, was marshal, &c. &c, lived to 
an advanced age, but the date of his death is not known. His wife, Jane, died Jan. 25, 1676. 
3, Susannah. 

The children of Abraham and Jane were :— 1, Susannah (115—58), m. Capt. Anthony 
Brackett (114—26), who was killed by the Indians. 2, Abraham, b. Dec. 29, 1654; m. 
Sarah ; d. June 17, 1754. 3, Robert. 4, Sarah. 5, Elizabeth. 6, Mary. 7, Hannah. 

The children of Susannah Drake and Capt. Anthony Brackett, were: — 1, Jane. 2, Zip- 
porah. 3, Zachariah. 4, Ann. 5, Susannah or Sarah (51 — 26), m. Samuel Proctor (50 — 10), 
1714. After Capt. Brackett's death his widow m. Oct. 30, 1700, John Taylor of Hampton. 

59. Qi t ilter. — Sarah Quilter's parents were Mark and Tamar Quilter. Mark Quilter 
was early in Ipswich, and died 1657. His wife Tamar died July 2, 1694. " "Widow Quilter " 
and " Widow Quilter, Sen.," had aright of commonage at Ipswich, Feb. 18, 1678. 

61. Sandford— Joan Sandford (121—61), who married Thomas Scottow (120—29), 1641, 
had the following children :— 1, Thomas, b. Feb. 16, 1642. 2, John, b. March 1, 1644. 3, 
Mehitable, or bel, b. Dec. 14, 1648. 4, Joshua, b. Oct. 5, 1655. 5, Sarah, b. Aug. 1, 1657. 
6, Thomasine, b. July 25, 1659. 

Thomas Scottow in his will signed Dec. 18, 1661, gives one third of his estate to his wife 
Sarah, and " further guive vnto my aged mother Sandford to be payed vnto her as her 
necessitie may call for it £10." By which it seems his wife's mother was then living. His 
whole estate was valued at £249. 0s. 3d. 

Corrections. — Mr. M. A. Stickney in a recent letter informs me that since his letter to 
me in 1863, he has discovered that the portrait and arms mentioned on page 254 as William 
Stickney's did not belong to him or his family, but to a family of Perkins, with whom the 
Sticknevs intermarried. (See note 43, Perkins, page 261.) 

The date of birth of Elizabeth Stickney on the same page should be 1608 instead of 1708, 
and the name of Seaver twice mentioned, should read Leaver. On page 248, fourth line, for 
Ipswich read Bradford, as in the Tabular Pedigree. 



Sixth Child of the Second Marriage. 1767 — 1796. 
And her Descendants. 

^o jm The second daughter and sixth child of 

/^l^Z-s y^aUr Jedidiah Preble and Mehitable Bangs, was 

^y UWU *SsreVtZ_; born at Falmouthf Maine, Jan. 3, 1767. 

She was married by the Rev. Thomas Smith (Parson Smith, as he was 
called) to Capt. Richard Codman, of Falmouth, Sept. 10, 1789, when 
twenty-two years of age, and died at Portland or Falmouth, Aug. 15, 
1796, aged 29 years, 7 months and 12 days, and was buried in the 
burial ground on Munjoy, or Eastern Cemetery, as it is called. 

She left two sons, both of whom lived to manhood, but died unmar- 
ried, and her line is extinct. 

Her husband "Capt. Richard," was the son of Richard Codman, 
born in Charlestown, Mass., 1730, and a grandson of Capt. John and 
Mrs. Parnell Codman. In 1755 he was poisoned by his three negro ser- 
vants, for which two of them were executed and the other transported. 
Soon after this event Richard Senior, his son, moved to Falmouth, and 
engaged in mercantile pursuits. He was a man of much influence in 
the town, and was twelve years a deacon of the first church and two 
years a selectman. July 10, 1758, he married Anne, youngest daugh- 
ter of Phineas Jones, by whom he had two children, Richard and Anne ; 
she died in March, 1761, at the early age of nineteen years ; and in 
1763, he married Sarah, the youngest daughter of the Rev. Thomas 
Smith, by whom he had a family of children. 

Richard, the son by the first marriage, was the husband of Statira 
Preble. After her decease he married a Miss nichborn, of Boston, by 
whom he had no children. He died Sept. 9, 1S33, aged 75, having 
survived all his children. 

Children of Statira Preble and Capt. Richard Codman. 

1. Edward Preble, b. in Portland, Aug. 18, 1791 ; d. uiiiumi. 

2. Richard, born in Portland, March 31, 1793 ; d. unrnar. 

Note.— There was a Statin Preble bora i7ss, daughter <>f OoL Raafoa Preble, and ilater 
of the Hon. William l'iit Preble, who married John EL Hall, inventor of HaU'saatent Car- 
!>inc ami Rifle, arhlcfa was. long In dm In the United States Army and Navy. Ho was twenty 

years in the -civ ire of the Governmental Harper*! Pen v. Their son, Willanl Treble, MM a 
Representative in Congress from Missouri from 1847 to 1853. 



Fifth and Youngest Son op Brigadier General Jedidiah and 
Mehitable Preble. 1770 — 1825. 

And his Descendants to 1870. 

born on Falmouth Neck, Mass. (now 
Portland, Me.), January 24, 1770, mar- 
ried Frances Wright, a native of Stafford, 
Staffordshire, England, Dec. 11, 1794, and died at Alleghany Town, near 
Pittsburgh, Penn., of a bilious fever, which turned to typhus, Oct. 25, 1825, 
aged 55 years. Mrs. Preble survived him and died at Pittsburgh, Nov. 
1845, aged 72 years. 

Very little is known concerning Henry Preble's early life. His daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Barlow, writing in 1869, says: — "I cannot give you any account 
of iny dear father's early life before he went to France ; I never heard him 
refer to it — at least before us children — though he used to try and amuse 
us sometimes by his stories about the family negro servant, and I think that 
1 Cato ' must have been quite a character and presented a very startling ap- 
pearance when he used to come forth decorated in the wig and the regi- 
mentals of the old Brigadier. He was very fond of my father, though he 
only knew him by the tender appellation of ' that De'il of a Harry.' Be- 
yond this and the famous dog ' Corteheevolls ' I know nothing of father's 
early days, or what induced him to come to France." 

Miss Frances Wright, who became his wife, was sent, when quite young, 
to Paris for education, and placed in a convent. The Convention, during 
the revolution, having placed all the English under arrest, she and another 
young English girl, through the influence of their schoolmistress, obtained 
as a favor that they should not be arrested, but watched by a soldier, to whom 
they were obliged to pay one dollar a day for nine months, until the death 
of Robespierre brought a change of measures, and released them from this 
restraint. " When they wished to go out he would follow them through the 
streets, dangling his sword behind him. He sat at their door all day long, 
and would some times exclaim, ' only 40 or 60 guillotined to-day.' " 

In England Henry Preble was entrusted with letters for these young 
ladies in Paris — and there saw Frances Wright, then just twenty years of 
age, for the first time, and came to love her rosy cheeks and innocent looks, 
and they wer^ married. 

The marriage was a civil one, it being at the time of the French Revolu- 
tion, when no religious authority was acknowledged. They soon went to 
England, where they were again married in church, and Harriet, their eldest 


daughter, was born there at Lewes, in the County of Sussex, Sept. 26, 1795. 
- My mother often told me," writes this daughter, " that in the same room 
of flic Municipality where they were married, they were divorcing ,a couple 
in one corner, in a very summary way, and it made her feel as if she held 
her lord on a very feehle tenure." A young friend of hers, a very bloom- 
ing girl, who was of the dinner party, gained the heart of an American 
gentleman, who married her a very few days afterwards. He was consul at 
Nantes in 1812. * * * * A little romantic episode, which was very 
agreeable to dear mother, for the young girl had a wicked father, and 
n< eded much a protector." 

Returning to Paris, Henry Preble made several voyages to the United 
States, and in 1801 went to Italy, with his wife and daughter Harriet, wish- 
ing to open a mercantile house in Tuscany. He visited Rome and Naples, 
and finding no eligible situation, returned to France, and opened a house at 
Havre — and then at Nantes, and not succeeding well, went to Paris as a 
Commission Merchant — and for a time was pretty fortunate, but lost him- 
self in speculating in Colonial produce and in sending slops to sea. 

In a letter addressed to John Derby, Esq., of Salem — signed Preble & 
Co. — dated Dieppe, March 1. 1804, he says: — "Having removed a branch 
of our house to this place, we beg leave to offer you our services here, dur- 
ing the blockade of Havre. Tins port is now much frequented — it is con- 
venient and -ale; for large ships of 400 tons, drawing 1G to 17 feet of water, 
can enter here with ease and lay in perfect safety, heavy loaded. * * * 

Nbl having sufficient employ for our' funds at this small port, we have also 
a branch of our house at Nantes, where we shall transact business during 
the blockade of Havre." 

In 1805-G, he made a short visit to the United States, and write- to 
his brother from New York. Dec. 6, 1805: — "When you receive the 
legacies of my little girls, I wish yon to appropriate the money in the pur- 
chase of land on the neck, and if possible, let it be fronting the harbour. 
Yon will join my legacy with theirs, and have the deeds registered in their 
Dames." Ami again' New York, dan. l'<>, 1806: — "In regard to the appro- 
priation of the legacies left to myself and little girls, I leave to you to ad as 

yon may think it best, bul I wish the land purchased at an early period, as 

it is ( Btantlj increasing in value. Purchase it in such situation as yon 

think will be the best; perhaps a situation round Sebago Pond would 


I have remained here much longer than I intended. It is a place of im- 
mense commerce, and I have procured the consignment of five cargoes since 
my arrival here. I shall leave this (X. Y.) on the 25th. I shall send you 

an doth greal coal by flrsl vessel to Portland. I had it made in Paris.'' 
Having completed hi- business arrangements he returned to France — and 
w rites : — 


January, 1807. To Elias H. Derby, Salem, from Nantes. "I hope you 
will have the goodness to recommend my House to your friends none can 
nor will give them greater facilities. Let their cargoes be as valuable as 
they may — two thirds of their value will be advanced immediately." 

The following year brought changes' in his business relations. Writing 
from Paris, May 18, 1808, to his brother Enoch, he says: — 

" I have separated from Mr. Spear (the firm had been Preble, Spear & 
Co.), and he being at Nantes, liquidates the House. Mr. Bimar remains 
with me, and we shall settle at Havre at Peace. I have been very fortunate 
in my speculations, and have made upwards of $100,000 and Bimar about 
$25,000. I could have doubled the sum with a little more courage but 
thought a prudent part the best. My credit is such I can at any time com- 
mand $300,000 to $400,000 ; so that at Peace (if we should ever have such 
an event) my means will be equal to most of the Houses." In the same 
letter the excellence of his heart under prosperous influences is shown in the 
following instructions : " I wish you to give out of the sum due me (i. e. from 
his mother's estate) one hundred dollars to sister Martha* if she is in want 
of it, and which I will continue yearly during her life, also a present to Sal- 
ly Coffin of $20, to buy snuff. I wish you also to get made an excellent 
easy chair to cost from $20 to $30, and give it in my name to my old friend 
Mr. Mcintosh, or to Mrs. M., should the old man be dead. Should we have 
any relations, or any of the old friends of our late mother that may be in 
want, you can give them something in my name." " I shall send a watch to 
Mr. Tuckerman of Boston, which you will ask him to accept as a token of 
the esteem I have for him, and for his great kindness and attention to our 
old mother whilst living." 

Under date, Paris Nov. 30, 1812, he writes to Mons. Jones, No. 16, Eue 
Corutte : — 

" I called on you, but found you out. You will much oblige me by ask- 
ing the following question : ' Whether a license can be obtained to export 
colonial produce from England to France, and with the same vessel export 
from France to the Baltic, brandy, wine and oil,' and let me know by some 
friend coming over or per smuggler. * * * * 

" No news from Mi'. Barlow, it is expected to-day. Everything will be 
settled between the two countries. At least it is one thousand to one that a 
treaty will be signed within a month, and compensation made for spoliations, 
all entre nous. I will take care of your dog and do with him as you direct. 
If you have a chance to send Clark's Travels in Russia, please do it and 
desire Mr. W. to pay for it." 

Paris, May 10, 1813, he writes Capt. I. Holman : — "By this opportunity 
I hand you the signal of vessels to my address, viz. — A red flag with a white 
square in the middle, at the main top gallant mast head. Should you have 

* Martha Oxnard, the widow of the Rev. Thomas Oxnard. See p.ige 143. 


occasion to recommend it. you may depend on pilot boats putting to sea even 
in strong gales and bad weather the moment it appears. I have no doubt, 
from the natural spirit of enterprise of our countrymen, that they will be in- 
duced next winter to balance the losses they suffer during these long days 
by the English cruisers in the European seas. Let me recommend to you 
to send a privateer of 18—24 pounders and from 1G0 to 180 men with mus- 
ketry, which would have but little to fear from anything but from a frigate ; 
for t lie English cannot spare men for musketry lighting; and were Bhe t" 
cruise in the chops of the channel, between November and March ; she might 
leave part of her guns in France when her hands would be exhausted with 
manning prizes, and take in a cargo of silks and other dry goods for the 
United States. Such a plan could not fail of being attended with the most 
important consequences. Our prizes are even better treated in France than 
those made by the French privateers, for besides having all the advantages 
of the latter, the goods brought in by ours are not burned ; they are allowed 
to be sold for exportation, and they have the right of entrepot for 18 months. 
Their prisoners, too, are immediately exchanged, and having lately made a 
tour to the coast of Brittany to attend the sales of some prizes by a priva- 
teer of my own, the True Blooded Yankee,* 1 have had occasion to see and 
can recommend many excellent ports in that quarter, which are but little 
watched by the English, such asAbrevrac, Lannion, Roscoft', Morlaix, Paim- 
pol, Tregnier and St. Maloes. Should you send any cargoes to France you 
may depend on cotton, potashes, and first quality of St. James river tobacco, 
being good standing articles during the war. 

•• I am about establishing a house at Nantes to exist during the war, and 
to be transferred to Havre on a peace taking place between the United 
States and England. May I beg the favor of your own support to it. My 
own presence will be necessary on account of purchasing dry goods, of which 
I have had lately several cargoes for returns, to make up, and which 1 hope 
will arrive safe, for I hope my friends will find nobody can purchase them 
better, if a-^ well, as myself. The ports of Brittany are very secure, and 
there is two chances to one that vessels arrive there safe, sooner than in the 
bay, and as they have all my signal, you will always find pilots." 

Henrj Preble's sunshine of mercantile proeperitg was. however, soon 
clouded ; bis speculations proved as disastrous as his previous gains had been 
great These business involvements plunged him into the deepest melan- 

His daughter Harriet writes her uncle Enoch from DravieL, August 22, 
1817: •• Anica do doubt has told you of the Bevere nials of fortune my 
father has experienced. For these, many years he has seen nothing but her 

1 1") for tome account of the True Bl Led Yankee, which wai commanded by 

Li> nephew Thomaa Oxnard. 

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distressful frowns. It would be very kind of you, dear uncle, to write him a 
few lines before you quit France ; it would certainly procure him a delightful 
sensation, and alas ! his happy moments are but few." 

After these misfortunes Henry Preble returned to the United States and 
passed the summer of 1818 with his daughter Anica at Kalorma, which had 
been purchased by her husband, Mr. Thomas Barlow. 

In 1819, he was appointed U. S. Consul for Palermo in Sicily — and writes 
his brother from Alexandria, D. C, Jan. 20, 1819 : — "I am now on the point 
of embarking from this place for Gibraltar, and from thence shall proceed to 
Palermo, for which port and those adjacent in Sicily I have received the 
appointment of Consul. I shall probably visit Constantinople and Odessa 
during the next autumn and winter, and if the information I gain should 
induce the government of the United States to go to the expense of making 
a Treaty with the Ottoman Porte and maintain a minister at Constantinople, 
I shall have the choice of the Considates of Constantinople or Odessa. To 
the first of these there will be a salary attached, but this you must not men- 
tion." In the same letter, after describing the excellencies of his children, he 
says : — " Thus you see if I am poor in purse, I am rich in children, and can- 
not but feel proud and happy even in poverty while I possess them." 

After his return to the United States from this mission, he writes his 
brother from Pittsburgh, April 20, 1822 : — " Soon after I left the United 
States in 1819, I went to the Black Sea, and spent some time at Odessa and 
the adjacent country, and about six weeks at Constantinople and Smyrna. 
I also visited some of the Ionian or Greek Islands, and returned to Sicily 
after a most interesting and agreeable tour of eight months. I collected a 
good deal of commercial information in my journey which I forwarded to our 
Government. I spent some months of 1820 on board our squadron, and 
with it visited Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli, also many of the ports of the 
Mediterranean, and had an opportunity to revisit for the third time Rome, 
Naples and Florence. Finding my Consulate produced me little else than 
the honor of holding the office, I concluded to resign it and return to the 
United States. In fact it was impossible for me to remain longer abroad, 
not having the means. I can have any Consulate of the United States that 
may become vacant, but there is scarcely one that would maintain me by 
the fees of office, and I have no other means of living was I to accept one. 
The Consulates to which salaries are attached will, when vacant, be given 
to the disbanded Officers of the Army and Navy, as the government think 
they have superior claims to most persons, so I have pretty much given up 
the idea of seeking the office of Consul at present. I am the more inclined 
to this as Anica and her husband much wish me to remain with them. It is 
probable they will settle at Meadville, Penn., near Lake Erie, where Mr. 
Barlow has one of the finest farms in this State, most delightfully situated, 
and as I am fond of agriculture, I think I shall turn farmer. I am tired with 


roaming about, I am growing old, my health declines, I want repose if I can 
find it for the few years that remain to me in this life. 

" I made extracts from my notes on Odessa and its commerce — and on the 
commerce of Constantinople and Smyrna, and also some observations on the 
plague, which I intended to have Bent you. but Mr. Crawford, the Secretary 
of the Treasury, wished to see them, and they have not been returned. 
Since that time I have been constantly unwell and suffer much with a violent 
cold, but I will try and make a copy before Congress rises, and send to you 
through some M. C. with whom I am acquainted, and you may expect to re- 
ceive the papers in question by the middle of May. I wish you to show 
them to those of our friends who were kind enough to sign my recom- 
mendation for the Consulate at Palermo, if you think it will be any gratifica- 
tion for them to peruse the notes. I have only extracted from my journal 
what I thought might be useful in a commercial point of view. 

'• Write me and give me all the news — everything that relates to my 
native place, or to its inhabitants, will be interesting to me. I long mm -h to 
visit it, but most probably I shall never have such a gratification. I see that 
there is an Edward Preble in the Navy; is he your son?* # My Edward is 
still at school in Paris, and will remain another year, when Messrs. King & 
Gracie (of New-York), established at Liverpool, will take him into their 
counting-house, for he says * he trill be a inerchant.' " 

These letters prove that Henry Preble was a person of culture and 
refinement, and that while in prosperity he remembered and aided those of 
his friends who were in need, in adversity he did not lose his dignity of 
character, and the esteem and respect of others. He inherited the family 
taste for drawing and painting, and took the greatest delight, says this 
daughter, in cultivating his taste for it. Many of his drawings and water- 
color paintings are still extant. His person was tall, dignified and com- 
manding, and his bearing gentlemanly. An exquisitely-drawn profile like- 
ness of him, painted in sepia, by his daughter Harriet, a photograph from 

• The E. P. he refers to entered the X;ivy in 1817, and was drowned while attai lied to 
the U. S. S. Franklin, in the Pacific, in 1822. See note to Joanna Preble, pp. 160-61. 

Since that note was written I have (band, among my old letters, the following inquiry and 
answer concerning that young man : — 

Extract from a letter from MJd'n Q. II. P. to Enoch Preble, Nov. 15, 1839:— "Twice this 
cruise (Weet Indies) I have been asked about a Ifld'n Edward Preble, who was attached to 

the I . S. S Franklin, in the Pacific, ami was drowned liy the capsising of a boat with a 
party of officers. An old Quarter Blaster asked me the same question on my ;.i>t (Mediter- 
ranean) cruise. All agree in calling him a clever fellow and that he was a line proiui.-ing 


Extract from Enoch Pnble'a reply, dated Portland, Mc., Dec. 4, 1839:— "The Mid'n 
Preble yon mention, who was drowned from the boat of the U. S. S. Franklin, wasasou of 
your uncle Josbltt, bom in \irijinia." 

lb must have been an illegitimate son, SS Joshua Preble's wife was living in Newbury - 
1'ort uutil 1822. 



which illustrates this memoir, shows him to have been a very handsome 
man — one of nature's noblemen. 

From 1822 to his death, Oct. 25, 1825, Henry Preble's home was with his 
daughter Anica at Alleghany City, Penn., where he was received and treated 
by her husband, Mr. Barlow, with the affectionate consideration of a parent. 

In 1866, answering some inquiries respecting his death, Mrs. Barlow 
writes: — " Poor father, had he lived to this day, he would have been 95. 
Oh ! what a painful joyless life he had of it, after his misfortunes ! I never 
saw any one more perfectly composed on a death bed. He told me several 
times, in a melancholy tone, ' Anica, I have lived a long time — I am fifty-five 
— I have lived too long.' 

" Alas ! how many would think this was too soon to die. I see several old 
people here of 90 and 95, and I think to myself, only think, that poor dear 
father might have dragged through forty more long years! How kind it 
was in our Heavenly Father to recall him when he did." 

Children of Henry Preble and Frances (Wright) Preble. 


The eldest daughter of Henry 
and Frances ("Wright) Preble, was 
born at -Lewes, Sussex co., Eng- 
land, Sept. 26, 1795, and died un- 
married, at "West Manchester, Penn., Feb. 4, 1854, aged 58 years, 4 months 
and 9 days. Soon after her decease, her memoirs, with extracts from her 
correspondence, journals, &c, edited by Professor R. H. Lee, was published 
in a handsome duodecimo volume. 

Although seriously indisposed, her death was so little anticipated by her- 
self or relatives, that the preceding evening was passed by her in the parlor 
surrounded by the social family circle. When she retired to rest, she crossed 
her hands on her breast, as in the attitude of prayer ; in this position she went 
to sleep, and they retained the same position in the morning, but her spirit 
had left its earthly tabernacle, and was in heaven — for she was dead. Her 
repose was so peaceful that her friends would not believe that she had expired 
until her physician arrived and assured them of the fact. 

" Miss Preble," writes a friend after Her death, " was a gifted lady, whose 
learning was devoid of pedantry and pretension, and whose various readings 
and studies made her not less gentle, kind and modest. She was ever the 
dutiful daughter, the loving sister, and the constant and enthusiastic friend. 
"We learn from her how to render the calm of private and retired life, which, 


with so man} 7 , stagnates into dulness and discontent, pleasant to one's self 
and gratifying and enlivening to all around. With her we become enamored 
of philosophy and belleslettres ; and following her example we discover that 
although these may sustain us for a while, we must sooner or later, and the 
sooner the better, have a more stable trust, a more spiritual philosophy, a 
revelation from above, beyond the learning of the world and its most eloquent 

In 1801, when seven years old, Harriet Preble accompanied her father 
on an Italian tour, and with him visited Tuscany, Rome and Naples. 
Reviving her reminiscences of that journey in April, 1850, she says, in a 
letter now before me : — " From that interesting journey I date my earliest 
remembrances." " The Coliseum stands before the eye of memory in all its 
amazing grandeur ! Moreover the Pope blessed me in the Garden of the 
Vatican, and to that blessing they say is to be reverently ascribed all the good 
that is in me." 

In her memoirs it is stated Pius VIII. appeared much struck with her 
. countenance, and taking her in his arms after giving her his benediction, he 
exclaimed " Quanto e bella — quanto e graziosa /" Her appearance, so dif- 
ferent from Italian children in general, the extreme clearness and delicacy 
of her complexion, and the beauty of her golden hair, often called forth ex- 
pressions of admiration from passers by. She retained, to the last of her 
life, a brilliant and beautiful eye, beaming with genius, yet softened by an 
expression of sweetness and benevolence. 

Her parents, on their return to Paris, selected as their residence the beauti- 
ful village of St. Germain-en-Laye, and Harriet was placed at the school of 
the celebrated Madame Campan, then in the height of its reputation and 
success, but was, on account of disease and bodily weakness (which latter re- 
mained with her in all her after life), at the age of thirteen obliged to with- 
draw, and forego the benefits to be derived from that experienced and 
judicious teacher. Among the older scholars were the sisters of Napoleon — 
Caroline, who married Joachim Murat, King of Naples, and Stephanie, 
who was afterwards Grand Duchess of Baden. With these was associated 
Hortense, the daughter of Josephine, who, as the wife of Louis, became 
Queen of Holland, and mother of Napoleon III. 

These and many others used to meet around the tea taUe of Mrs. PrebSeai 
St. Germain, and join in the petit jeux thai always formed a part of the 
amusements of French society, and in which Iloitense already displayed the 
wit and sprightly repartee for which she was afterwards so distinguished. 
To these Queens succeeded the daughters of Napoleon's Marshals and Gen- 
erals — Blassena, Davoust, Dessaix, Oudinot, Berthier, dbc. TJkese were 
Harriet's schoolmates; she preserved i distincl recoUecttoo of their various 
characters, and open amused her friends, in after Life, with many aneedo 
uud remarks aliout them. 


Among the incidents of her school life, we find it recorded in her Memoirs 
that Racine's tragedy of Esther was performed by the older pupils, and with 
more perfection, it was said at the time, than at the Theatre Francais. 
Napoleon, with a part of his court, graced the scene with his presence, and 
Queen Hortense loaned her diamonds and attire to the young girl who per- 
sonated Queen Esther. One of the plea=ures of Miss Preble's own pupils at 
" Sans Souci," the name she gave her school near Pittsburgh, was to make 
her speak of Madame Campan, of Queen Esther, and of her school days. 
During her tedious and painful confinement, caused by her malady — an af- 
fection of the spine — her great taste for reading began, and from that time 
she dated her intense love of literature. She became the more confirmed 
in this by her friendship for Mademoiselle Louisa Bar bier de Neuville* — 
a spirit kindred to her own — and which threw a charm over her whole life. 
Equally familiar with French and English languages, although she {^referred 
writing in the first, and a reader of Italian, she gave herself a wide range in 
philosophy, criticism, history and poetry, and at a later period in natural 
history. She was also a performer on the piano and an admirable sketcher 
in crayon and India ink, and she could give copies by herself in lithography, 
of her own artistic production. Notwithstanding the depth and variety of 
her attainments, she was free from pedantry and pretension, and retained, 
with all the learning of a man, the modesty, ingenuousness, freshness of 
feeling and purity of thought which are the more peculiar attributes of 
women. Regarded in these various aspects, her life and character must 
commend themselves to all of her sex as worthy of their admiration. In 
the United States, as in France, she enjoyed the friendship of the most dis- 
tinguished literary persons, such as Prescott, Ticknor and others. Her 
rich' and various mental stores made her conversation and intercourse in- 
structive and delightful to the old and young, the cheerful and the grave. 

" Her pleasing converse, by gay lively sense 
Inspir'd; where moral wisdom mildly shone 
Without the toil of art ; and virtue glow'd 
In all her smiles, without forbidding pride." 

For many years of her life she consecrated all her natural gifts, her native 
virtues and varied excellencies, to the cause of religion. Never was there a 
finer, more impressive and persuasive example of Christian excellence. 

* Monsieur Barbier de Neuville, the father of Harriet Preble's friend, was a man of great 
and varied learning, and held the office of Librarian to the National Library. He was a 
widower, and Mademoiselle Louisa was his only surviving child and companion, with whom, 
though very young, he was accustomed to converse as if she was of mature age. She was 
permitted to roam through his own extensive library " at her own sweet will," as the affec- 
tionate father would say. Thus fostered and nourished, Louisa's naturally brilliant imagi- 
nation and active mind early acquired. a degree of cultivation, that made her one of the most 
remarkable women of the age. Harriet Preble found " in her a companion after her own 
heart." The friends have left beautiful pictures of each other, which can be found on pages 
92 and 93 of Harriet Preble's Memoirs. 


Her father, writing to bis brother in 1819, says: — "Harriet is called a 
second Maintenon on account of her elegant and descriptive style of writing ; 
some of her letters in French are really models of fine writing." Her sister 
Anica — forwarding the compiler of these, family memoirs some India 
ink and sepia drawings, in 1850 — says: — "These are two of my dear 
sister's views in Rome — the Coliseum and Temple of Liberty. They will 
give you some little idea of her exquisite touch and finish, and her knowledge 
of perspective. Her talent was indeed one of the first order ; but, alas ! it 
is six or seven years since she has touched pencil or brush, and every one 
runs away with her drawings. I had to send you one that has been long in 
my possession — though to you only I do believe could I make the sacrifice 
of it. I wish you could see those I have framed and now ornament my 

General Lafayette, writing to Miss Preble from La Grange, June 26, 
1830, says: — "I have received with affectionate gratitude the drawings you 
had the kindness to leave for me on your departure from France. This 
likeness of dear Kalorama from your own hand is to me a source of precious 
associations. * * * I have lately been roperusing your excellent trans- 
lation of our friend Mr. Cooper's work. Had Mr. Killian been more active 
to his own interest, there should have been several editions. He has suffered 
Mr. Gokelin to announce a complete collection of Mr. Cooper's works, from 
which this capital performance is excluded."* 

The nature and limit of these family sketches will not allow of an extend- 
ed memoir, else it would be pleasant to linger over so interesting a subject. 
Referring, therefore, all who desire to know more of her delightful character, 
to the published memoir.t I will content myself with extracting from my 
own correspondence with her a few paragraphs, more or less autobiogra- 
phical in their character, which contain notices of the later and concluding 
years of her life, not to be found in the published memoirs. 

Knowing of these cousins, and feeling it would be very pleasant to make 
their acquaintance by letter, since no closer way was open to me. in L846 I 
wrote Harriet Preble for the first time; and received in return a delightful 
letter, overflowing with tender regard. It was the commencement of a cor- 
respondence continued at intervals until her death. My last letter from her 
was d:ite(l Dec. 15, IS.")."., less than two months before, but not received l>y 
me until Sept., L854, seven months after, her decease. It seemed then like 
:i roice from the dead, t'nr I had previously read obituary notices of her in 

the newspapers. 

• The book translated was " Cooper*! Notions of Americans." Bhe also rendered into 
French, about the same time, Balwer'i " Rebels." 

t Memoir of the Lift of Harriet Preble, containing portions of her correspondence, Jonr- 
ii. til and other writings, literary end religions. Bj Prof. EL it. Lee, LLJ). New 
(,. r. P itnsm,831 Broadway, lsxi. 13 mo. pp, wv. 




Acknowledging my first letter, she says : — " I thank you for the many 
sweet thoughts which your letter awakened in my heart ; it was like a pleas- 
ing dream, like the sudden discovery of a hidden treasure, and the idea of 
your bestowing upon us a part of your birth-day made the letter appear still 
more precious in my eyes. In short I confess that you have in me a very 
sentimental old cousin, who, notwithstanding her half century, loves the 
poetry of life as much as ever. All my regret is that my health is too weak 
to go and thank you in person, and become acquainted with all the members 
of our family which you mention. In our infancy father used to take us on 
his knees, to tell us stories, and always chose Portland as the scene of action. 
Many a time has he told us about his fishing and hunting expeditions, his 
marvellous dog, &c, so that the place is quite endeared to my recollections. 
He used to paint to us the beauties of the Bay of Portland in most glowing 
colors, and I should be delighted if I could be sailing that way myself, but I 
am not sea worthy, and still less able to bear a journey by land. There 
would be nothing else to prevent me, for alas ! I am but too free to wander 
about, having lost my dear sweet mother last November (she was 72) ; all 
my life had been spent with her. In old age she had become the peculiar 
object of my care and solicitude ; her fine mind and her cheerful disposition 
rendered her a most valuable companion, therefore you will easily conceive 
how deeply I must lament over her, and how trying my solitude must seem." 

April 20, 1847, she says: — "Since I last wrote I have removed from 
Pittsburgh to Washington, Penn., so as to finish my days near my sister and 
her family. I have bought a very comfortable house and large garden for 
$1,200, Avithin a few steps of her own. This little town seems very dull 
after having lived in cities, but the country around is pretty and I must try 
and make the best of it. Sister and I greatly regret the total want of water 
scenery ; I am a true Preble, for it seems to me I could never feel dull if I 
enjoyed the animated views of a seaport. I find my greatest amusement in 
teaching sister's two little grandsons, Edward and James Wilson ; they are 
sweet interesting children ; they come in from the country for their lessons, 
and their bright little faces always revive me. How I should like to see 
your treasure, ' Henry Oxnard ' — not that I could help you nurse him much, 
for you must know that folks always laugh when I pretend to touch a baby ; 
but when they are seven years old, then I do pretend I can do something for 

Through inadvertence, the answer to this letter was sent to Washington, 
D. C, and several others were similarly addressed, without obtaining a 
reply. The mistake was not discovered until nearly two years after, when 
a letter, properly addressed, was quickly responded to, and, under date of 
March, 1849, she writes: — "I must tell you how much we wondered at not 
hearing from you." " So you had quite overlooked our poor little Washing- 
ton, and here I have been living very quietly these two years past. I bought 


a house very near my sister's (Mrs. Barlow), and quite at the extremity of 
the town, so that I enjoy very pretty scenery around. I planted every tree 
in the garden, and have got quite attached already to every hush and tree. 
Gardening is one of the few pleasures reserved to the old, and I like it be- 
cause it draws us nearer not to man, but to God, in Whom alone true joys 
are to be found. * * * Next summer it would be a delightful time to 
go and see you, since Mrs. Wormeley and her daughter will be at Portland, 
and we then might have a real family Preble gathering; but health and 
strength not permitting, it is vain to think of it." 

Nine months later, Dec, 1849, she writes: — "Winter has begun to 
pinch us so severely that we are sometimes prevented, sister and I, from 
visiting each other. It is well that we have young messengers who fly to 
and fro, bringing tidings of each other." 

In the spring of 18-30, she removed with her sister to West Manchester* 
where she was destined to complete her journey of life. In Sept., she 
says : — •• You will pity me, instead of blaming me, when you know that ex- 
treme debility has forced me to neglect writing you. No summer has ever 
been more trying than this. The hot sultry weather which prevailed pros- 
trated me completely ; I lost every particle of appetite, and therefore my 
weakness thus increased became such that I could only cross the room, with- 
out dear sister's assistance. She was but too kindly anxious about me, for 
I seemed to be in a rapid decline ; but the cooler air has already braced me 
up, and I am now much better than I ever thought I should be. I had such 
a story to tell you in the spring, when I felt well, that I regret not having 
written before the warm weather came on — but as we had made a great 
move, left little Washington for future gnat West Manchester, I felt very 
unsettled, and in the bustle of moving found ready excuse for procrastina- 
tion. Sister has two sons, you know — and she loves them as you may well 
imagine — so do I almost as much as a mother. Frank being a doctor, we 
were on the lookout for a location ; we heard that in this small town there 
was a good opening. By coming here it brought us back all our Pittsburgh 
friends of twenty years standing, and as Frederick* could hope for occupation 
but in Pittsburgh, it seemed delightful to us to be able to keep near both of 
them ; we therefore came here, and tried boarding. We have spent a very 

delightful summer in a very charming situation, enjoying tine scenery on the 
very margin of the river where we have been located, with the sight of the 
most magnificent sunsets which a poet's mind could fancy. But these are 
the idealities of life ; its realities are very different : our poor young doctor 
lias found no patients. The competition in the village might lie conquered, 

• Of these two nephews- Dr. Prank died a few Tears later, in 1854, in Australia, whither 
in- had gone t<> ]>n>h hi- fortunes; ami Frederick, wh > entered the navy daring tin' rebellion 
a- an Engineer, went down in the monitor Teeumtek, at Mobile; for which vessel la- volan- 
t —Ta d When he ascertained the vc.-s.el he was attached to would uot be in the action. 


by his superior mental advantages, but ten or twelve doctors from Alleghany 
and Pittsburg extend their inroads, and five months have settled the ques- 
tion — this is evidently but a suburb, of those cities, and all the practice 
worth having' is not to be got." *****«! might easily fill 
up this page with descriptions of the sweet lovely scenery that sur- 
rounds us here, and of the cool shady groves of Rosedale where we board ; 
but, alas ! as it is to be the dream of a summer only, we may as well awake 
at once and discard the dream. It is likely we shall go and settle in 
Alleghany city, where we and especially my niece has many friends, where- 
as here we have only nature to keep us company. At Anica's age one likes 
young society, and, with her refined mind, one likes it of the best." 

Under date of Jan. 15, 1851, she writes : — " You will think it rather late to 
congratulate you on the birth of your daughter Susie, born on the 1st of 
September. We account you to be a very precious friend, and therefore ' the 
little dark-haired, blue-eyed girl ' is to play a part henceforth in our family 
drama. I hope it will be a merry, pleasant part, acted with much wisdom and 
every winning way. She will soon be a sweet companion for dear Harry. 
She was born the 1st and I on the 26th September. So the same stars, may 
be, presided at our birth. * * * Frank has left us, to go and explore Ohio, 
where there are many small towns that offer a good prospect to a young 
doctor. He has not yet determined quite where he will settle, but it is 
likely to be Lancaster, Penn. Three doctors have lately been called away from 
that place, one to be a Prof., another to go to Texas, and it leaves the field 
more open. I give you the reason of their leaving, because you might 
naturally infer they were driven away by famine, but not so. We shall 
feel relieved from great anxiety when Frank makes a beginning. * * * 

* * # yf e are s till boarding at Rosedale, but in the beginning of March 
the house we are going into will be empty, and it is such a desirable resi- 
dence that we are quite rejoiced at the prospect of getting soon into it. * 

* * Sister has had a severe cold all winter ; Anica and Clara and Mr. 
Barlow now constitute the rest of the family at Rosedale. Fred, has gone 
to Mr. Wilson's to help him graft. He has an immense nursery. Our Fred, 
was tired of idleness, his fiddle being his only comfort." 

It appears the young doctor was unsuccessful at Lancaster — " the people 
would not get sick and fly to him for relief." 

And August 26, 1851, she says : — " We are happy to know of your 
safe arrival home again,* and fancy your delight in describing to your 
wife all that you had seen. You remember perhaps that in one of your 
letters, a year ago, you mentioned to us all the remarkable places you had 
visited; during your lifetime, and this last letter from England, and your 

* In the Frigate St. Lawrence, the vessel that carried contributions from the United 
States to the World's Fair, 1851. 


presentation to the Queen, is a nice chapter added to the narrative. You 
perhaps would like to know also what your cousins have been doing for these 
six months past, for it is at least that long since I wrote. My last I think 
was written from Rosedale, a place in Manchester where we boarded, wait- 
ing for a very delightful house which was to be vacant only in April. We 
were very impatient to be at housekeeping again, and gladly did we see all 
our furniture surrounding us once more, like so many old familiar faces speak- 
ing of times gone by. As I am rather of an incumbrance at such a moment, 
I took my departure for Lancaster, where our Frank needed some cheering up. 
I found him very low spirited. He is full of buoyant youthful feelings, and 
to be confined to an office without any patients perhaps for months, was rather 
depressing. My presence at the hotel where he boarded had a good effect. 
I could make some of his good qualities known to the laches, and among the 
young men he is sure to make friends. I also made them understand that he was 
the nephew of Commodore Preble and grand-nephew of Joel Barlow, and that, 
added to his very gentlemanly ways and appearance, will serve him in time. 
Lancaster is a beautiful small town, but the inhabitants are unsociable ; every 
house seems like an impregnable fortress. I staid six weeks with that dear 
child of ours, Avhen I returned and found everything sweet and charming 
around us. Our house is quite near the river and surrounded by gardens. 
It is truly like the country. Sister has a very pretty yard tilled with flowers 
forever blooming, and our little Clara says, 'don't they look glad, grandma- 
ma?' We have also a great quantity of grapes. We enjoy the sunsets \crv 
much, sister and I, and sometimes walk down to the shore to see the beauti- 
ful tints reflected on the river. The house has a fine porch, where my niece 
delights to sit on fine moonlight nights. A most lovely young friend of ours, 
Mary Wilson (who was two years under my care at Washington), came to 
spend six weeks with us, and we all rejoiced in her society. There never 
were more feminine graces united than are to be found in my sweet Mary. 
Mirth, wit, sound judgment, prudence, and warmth of feeling, arc beautifully 
blended in her character. But would you believe that such a treasure is 
going to bless Oregon with her presence ? Her father is gone there to try 
his fortune, having been named Commissioner of the Custoaa-House at 
Umqua. Under these trying circumstances she would not forsake her Gather 
and mother for the best husband in the world, bo there she is going next 
spring. Her father has gone first to reconnoitre. I have Baid this much 
about Mary, because she is one of the dearesl objects of my affection; and 
you know, all I can give you is the history of my heart, my dear cousin, as 
not many adventures befall me in my rocking chair. \i' eye* yen are Benl 

to the Pacific, you are hound to make your way to Fort l'iu.|iia.. Deaf 
Fred, is still at home, finding no occupation. He has the promise of a 
clerkship on a boal in October, but the poor hoy has received bo manj Tain 
promises, that 1 am afraid he will again be disappointed. I never could have 


believed that he, a young man with a good education, would find it so hard 
to make his way in America. But I have no doubt that in all things we 
have reason to be thankful to Providence, and it may be all the better for 
him, that he should not have been earlier exposed to the temptations of the 
world. He is pure and childlike in his principles. * * I often 
think with sadness of poor young Wormeley's* death ! How painful the 
loss of such a son must be ! Just like poor Edward,! full of genius and talent." 
"Writing January 15, 1852, she says : — " You are such a good kind 
correspondent that I do not like to answer your delightful letters imme- 
diately, for fear you should think me so unreasonable as to expect that 
another will follow soon; your life is so active, so useful, and you have 
so many claims on your friendship, that I take every one as a very 
great favor and as a new proof of your goodness of heart. If you delight in 
•giving pleasure, you may be sure that in our own case your aim is fully at- 
tained. The pamphlet published on the occasion of the dedication of the 
Preble Chapel$ has reached us also, and was read by us and several of our 
friends with great interest. I do wish rich people would oftener imitate 
such an example. Individuals pass away ; heirs too often squander their 
legacy, but whatsoever is left to a community for a benevolent object is re- 
paid by a lasting residt. Fred, requests me to ask you if in your 
coast surveying you can employ but young men enlisted in the navy. 
He would like very much to be under your command in that service if pos- 
sible. He is now engineering on the railroad which they intend construct- 
ing between Pittsburgh and Steubenville. Our Doctor has not made 
his way in Lancaster. He is too young and friendless to inspire con- 
fidence among perfect strangers, and his father has recalled him. He is now 
with us, and must try once more how he can succeed in our small town. We all 
think, however, that the most desirable thing for him would be to get a sit- 
uation as doctor on board some large merchant ship going on a long voyage. 
It would just suit his disposition, for his earliest dreams were of the navy — 
he has the Preble roving propensity. Sister Anica and Frank went 
to hear Jenny Lind when she was here. They were all three much 
disappointed — her singing, sister says, is void of taste. Nature has done 
much for her, the science of music very little. They are soon to be hum-' 
bugged in Pittsburgh with Kossuth. I think the fuss they make about him 
absurd. Even the clergymen have turned politicians. He will go away 
loaded with our money, when our Hospital is empty for want of funds to 
relieve the distressed ! It is a crying shame. The weeks you spend at 
home must be delightful, bought, as they are, by such active service ! 

* James Preble Wonneley, son of Rear Admiral R. R. Wormeley, R. N., and Caroline 

t Her brother Edward, who died in France. 

t The Preble Chapel for the ministry at large to the poor— built on Preble Street, Port- 
land, on land presented by the widow of Commodore Edward Preble. 


" You don't know how pleased we were, that you were appointed to the ship 
going to the World's Fair, and only think of having had the honor to speak 
to such lovely Queens ! I was prodigiously interested in all you tell us 
about cousin Statira.* Father used to speak so much of her, that I almost 
feel as if I knew her. He had such a perfect horror of fat women, however, 
that I think he would have been in perfect despair, if he had known to what 
ponderous weight she would reach. * * I must put an end to my 
epistle, though I have noticed so imperfectly all the interesting items of 
your precious letter. They will indeed occupy my thoughts in that ' rock- 
ing chair ' around which I do wish you could all gather, as you kindly in- 
timate you would like to do." 

June 22, 1852, she wrote about Fred.'s and Frank's prospects, which 
filled all her thoughts at that time, and then says : — " Sister has been 
quite a traveller of late ; she has just returned from Philadelphia, where 
she went to spend a month with some very intimate friends." 

June 25, she adds : — "I wrote on Thursday, my dear cousin, as 
long as my strength would allow. I seldom can write a letter 
in one chapter. To begin on a new subject, according to rule in 
our days, let me ask you if you have received some newspapers I 
sent you, to show that you were present to my remembrance — though 
I kept it all to myself. They contained interesting articles in answer 
to the bold assertion of the Catholic Bishop : that free institutions 
owed their birth to their church. I thought the question very ably 
discussed by Mr. Jacobus and Doct. McGill. * * * I wish you 
by all means to read Uncle Tom's Cabin. There is in that book all 
that can be wished to recommend it to public attention. lias it a great 
run in the north ? What would I give to hear dear ' Master Ilarry 
preach over the footboard of a French bedstead.' He must be an in- 
teresting boy, and I hope you will not spoil him by too much fondness. 
We must fear our parents as well as love them, to learn to fear and 
love God — and the more I live, the more I see how difficult it is to 
blend both in the moral training of children. It is nothing to educate 
girls, but boys are a fearful gift of the Almighty. 

" Now that my lazy fit is over, I wish I had written sooner, so Mj 
to get the answer. I never told you, I believe, how much I liked 
your article on the Wandering Albatross. The details you gave on 
the manner of building their nests, were very curious — always send 
us such things. It compensates in part for the privations of your 
society, which would be so highly prized by us all." 

Iler next letter, dated Jan. 11, 1853, from West Manchester, 
says : — " At last another of your precious letters has reached us, 

• Statin, daughter of Joshua Preble and wife of William BIoultoo,ol Newburyport. 


my dear cousin, and it came as if sent by a good angel for our con- 
solation." The letter is so full of anxiety about the future of her pet 
nephew, " dear Frank," and his declared intention of going to sea, &c, 
that she has room for no other thoughts. Feb. 6, she renews the sub- 
ject, and says : — " This idea of going to sea is a mere romance with 
him, but as we are not rich enough to squander money to satisfy a 
whim-wham, by sending him as a passeuger, he must take his chance." 

March 1, she writes again: — "I have delayed writing until our 
plans were quite settled, and can now tell you that according to your 
kind suggestions, we entirely gave up the idea of sending Frank on 
any voyage as a sailor, but will pay for his passage to Australia. By 
going to Melbourne, he will find an ample field for his talents, if he 
chooses to exert himself in any way as a doctor, druggist, or writing 
for the newspapers ; in short there are ever so many ways of mak- 
ing money, and we will not fear. At any rate he can come back 
when he chooses, and the voyage to and fro will strengthen his con- 
stitution. I have written Mr. James King for information about the 
packets, and he sends us a list— there is one ou the 15th. He very 
kindly offers to give Frank some letters of introduction — so I hope 
all will go well according to our best wishes. Frank met yesterday 
with a very good young man, who is going also, and being together 
from the same place, will be a great comfort. Young Brown looks 
truly good. You see my clear friend that all is going on well. His 
kind sister has some idea of going to New York with him, to see 
him off. We have just received your Portland paper. It was just 
like you to tell us thus, you were thinking of us. Have you read 
in one of Putnam's Magazines an article entitled ' Have we a Bourbon 
among us V — nothing more curious or interesting. We are sewing, 
sewing, sewing away our very fingers, so you must excuse this hur- 
ried scrawl. I shall write again sometime after our poor son has left 
us and tell you all about it." 

Her next letter, written Dec. 15, 1853, seven weeks before her 
death, was destined to be the last token of her remembrance — and 
was not received until the 1st of September, 1854, seven months 
after her decease. It came to me in China, after my return from Japan, 
like a voice from the dead, notices of her death having preceded it. In 
it she says : 

"In the newspapers of to-day, dear cousin, I saw that a bark 
' The Brothers ' was going to meet your squadron, and it was men- 
tioned as a good opportunity for any one to write. It quite delighted 
me to find out this unexpected chance of sending you a direct message, 
and the invitation seemed a singular one, for I had got up with 
the full intent of sitting down to write to your sweet wife. Often, 


often have I thought of you both, and wished to address her some 
tender words of friendship and sympathy, but I really felt too much 
for her, and you know that compassion often leaves us speechless. I 
understood by the papers that you had been called away, much sooner 
than you expected, and your sudden departure* must have been very 
trying to her; but no doubt it was wisely ordered. Her consolation 
at least is that you are in the line of duty, serving your country ; and 
as you are a God fearing man, she may safely trust you to his good and 
merciful providence. Ah ! I cannot tell you, dear cousin, how much I 
have suffered since our dear Frank's departure, knowing all the tempta- " 
tions he might meet with — the many dangers he was exposed to. 
Alas ! my thoughts have been so sad I dare not trust mj^self to write 
to anyone. We heard, on the 10th of October, that the Oregonf had 
reached Port Phillip on the 4th of July — they had a fine passage and 
no sickness. On the 7th they were in Melbourne, but poor Frank was 
crippled with rheumatism. We have had no letter from him, but the 
second article of a despatch from a correspondent mentions that he 
was still suffering and much discouraged, and endeavoring to procure 
a passage back in the same ship he came in, and that the Oregon was 
returning by way of India, being bound for Calcutta ; this is all we 
know at present. Whether he did so, or was prevented by sickness, 
is now a subject of much anxiety. He had always enjoyed such 
good health, that he felt confldent that he could get along. The 
emigration is far, far greater, than we had any idea of when he went. 
There are more laborers than labor, and boarding is much dearer than 
was said. If he had delayed two months more, all these accounts 
would have reached us. Fifty-four ships left the English ports in 
March alone. I suppose Frank was much exposed during the first 
days, for it must have been next to impossible to get a shelter." 

Dec. 16, she continues : — " I ought to apologize, my good cousin, for 
filling one whole page on the subject so near my heart, but you know it 
is a natural failing, and somehow or other the poor wanderer is always 
uppermost in my mind. I love him ' because my love loves me.' I shall 
write to your wife soon, and hope she will be able to send me some tidings 
of you. China has become quite an interesting part of the world to me 

* I had been under orders to tlic " Vermont," which ship could not sail for some weeks, 
when it was decided not to Bend her — and I was ordered to the "Macedonian," Capt. 
Joel Abbott, another vessel of the Japan expedition, under Commodore Perry, and ready 
for sea at New York. I left Portland the evening of the day I received my orders, and was 
outside of Sandy Hook, and on my way to China, three days after. I was absent from 
home three years and eight months. o. n. p. 

f The ship in which Frank sailed. She was spared the knowledge of his death, which 
ocenrn d soon after her own. 


since I know you to be hovering on her coast. I read about the great 
repast given to your officers by some of the great authorities in Japan, 
and wish they had given us the names of the guests, instead of the 
list of the dishes offered up to them in curious abundance. I think 
you could not have been there. I wonder if you will be so favored as 
to have a glimpse at some of the celestial cities. I shall expect a 
magnificent letter on your return, but, alas ! when will that be ? Well, 
! I must conclude by saying there is nothing changed around us— God 
has spared us all so far, and granted us health. 

" Sister and I, we read a good deal, and thus make up for the habi- 
tual monotony of life. Happy those who in old age can draw on 
literature as a constant fund of enjoyment. Intellectual pleasures 
luckily can add their charm to every season of life and even to every 
situation. Our dear little Clara is still with us, and her education 
occupies a part of her time. 

" I do hope this small testimony of my constant remembrance will 
reach you over the seas, and convince you that wherever you are, 
my warm and sincere affection and admiration for your pure and man- 
ly virtues follow you. May God bless you and all those that are 
dearest to you — by day and by night may the God of Mercy watch 
over you, and fill your mind with all wisdom and spiritual understand- 
ing. Sister, Mr. Barlow and Anica all join with me in good wishes 
for your happiness. Believe me, ever your warm and grateful friend, 

Harriet Preble.'' 

That closing blessing to me and mine — coming months after the 
mortal remains of its writer and petitioner had been mouldering in the 
dust, and her angelic spirit had fled to the God who gave it, was des- 
tined to be her last loving remembrance to me. I must resort to the 
letters of her sister, for the closing scenes of her beautiful life. 

Under date of Manchester, Feb. 14, ten days after her sister's death, 
Mrs. Barlow wrote to one of the family: — "In her last letter Mrs. 
■ Bomford tells me that you intended to write to us soon. Alas ! 
my precious sister will no longer be here to welcome your letter 
if it has been sent. She left us forever on the 5th of this month, 
and passed away in her sleep at five in the morning. Never was 
death more sudden, more unexpected ! We did not think her sick, 
but only suffering from a cold caught in church the Sunday before — 
and the day and evening before her death she was sitting with us 
down stairs, and though reclining on the sofa and rather weak, she 
conversed as usual, and had not, I am sure, herself the least idea that 
her end was so near. But never was one better prepared to go and 
meet her God. She was weary and heavy laden, and I trust she is at 
rest ! 


" I am just going to write to my dear 'sister' Mrs. Bomford, to 
give her all the particulars ; and as, if you wish it, you may see the 
letter, I know you will excuse me if I write but a few lines to-day. I 
cannot close my letter without, however, telling you how often we spoke 
of you. How ardently she wished that she could get acquainted with 
her relations in Portland. How kind, how very kind, she thought our 
cousin George to write such long and beautiful letters, perfectly un- 
known as we were to him. I wish you could have known her ; she 
was a very remarkable woman in every respect, and I do not think ever 
human heart had such depth of love. Oh love ! true love, that was her 
most endearing quality." 

When her memoirs were published, Mrs. Barlow wrote, on Aug. IT 
and 30, 1856, from Manchester :— " I sent my sister's Memoirs to you 
through the Post-Office about ten or twelve days ago. That I have 
lived to see the Biography published, is owing to the Lord's great 
kindness, and I did not think anything could make me so happy 
again as to see the work out and so well appreciated. All our 
friends, especially, are delighted with it. How I do wish that 
dear heart could have visited Portland, where she could have 
been so well appreciated ! and how she did wish and long to go to 
see dear father's ' beautiful Portland,' but like me she was not equal 
to the journey. It does me good to think that through that precious 
memoir her relatives in the east will be enabled to form some idea of 
the extreme beauty of her character, and the riches of her intellect. 
They will soon perceive that she was indeed a wonderful woman ! 
She had ' acquirements which would have been distinguished in a uni- 
versity, meekly softened and beautifully shaded by the exertion of 
every domestic virtue.' 

" Many persons here, who sadly neglected her whilst she was among 
them, now say, is it possible we had such a woman amongst us, and 
that we did not prize her more 1 Her humility was such that it was 
difficult to discover her various and profound learning." 

In reference to the engraving which illustrates this memoir 
she says : — " I rejoice to think that we have such a faithful por- 
trait of Harriet. It perpetuates her very best expression, I think, 
though perhaps not the sweetest one. There is that look of in- 
tense interest and sympathy in her kind face, with which she was 
always ready to listen to the joys and sorrows of others." 

Again she refers to this engraved portrait, and says : — " "We 
think the portrait is admirable; surely there never was a more 
striking likeness ! I even prefer it to my precious painting, though 
I miss somewhat of the expression and brilliancy of the eye in the 



Ivm an Orr</m<ii 1-mwn *i T.VMniyih. 

////////// 'V/ 



A&luhtd tBauSU.tnJ)tan ScJtundKci.lltmul'iml!' Jfcwfc 


engraving. But there was always something about the mouth 
that I did not quite like in my oil painting, and it has entirely 
disappeared in Ritchie's copy ; indeed, as a work of art even, I would 
greatly prefer the engraving, it is so very fine. How pleasant to think 
that you will thus partly know that dear, precious, matchless sister 
of mine." 

From the obituary notices which appeared in the newspapers at 
the time of her decease, we extract the following tributes to her 
character : — 

" This most estimable lady resided for some time in this place (Man- 
chester), and was known and in no ordinary degree esteemed and be- 
loved and admired, as in all her relations of life, an ornament and 
blessing to the society in which she moved. * ' * * Although she 
had been educated abroad, her love of country was ardent yet rational. 
She inherited the lofty and disinterested patriotism of her ancestors. 
Her childhood and youth were passed in Paris. She was educated in 
the celebrated female institution of the famous Madame Campan. * 
* * During her course of study, she attained a character for genius, 
literary taste and acquisitions inferior to none of her associates. Her 
accomplishments were equal to the strength of her intellect, and her 
solid and useful attainments, her moral traits of character, were still 
more remarkable than her talents. Conscious as she must have been 
of the force and variety of her natural and acquired endowments, mod- 
esty and humility were the marked and delightful characteristics of 
her nature and manners. It could be no wonder that she early be- 
came an acquaintance and an associate of most of the leading and bril- 
liant scholars, statesmen and writers of France ; and of some she long 
continued a correspondent after she came from France to this country. 

" Never was there a finer or more impressive and persuasive ex- 
ample of Christian excellence. At the departure of such a character 
we dare not grieve or repine ; we indulge rather in ' the joy of grief,' 
for she is blessed in the enjoyment of Paradise." 

Another of these appreciative notices says : — 

"In the estimate of the merits of our deceased friend, memory 
carries back the mind to the period of her first arrival in this country 
from Versailles. At that time, she was a Parisian bel esprit; fresh 
from that brilliant capital, gifted with talent, of highly cultivated in- 
tellect, and benevolent in feeling. When to all these excellences was 
superadded the transforming, hallowing power of vital religion, her 


character became complete. In her religion there was no Pharisaic 
self-valuation, no setting up of her own importance, no desire to devi- 
ate from the appropriate sphere of woman's usefulness ; but humility 
was her distinguishing trait ; her life was an habitual exercise of faith 
and love ; and her time, her talents and her means were employed 
in doing good. Many an unostentatious act of charity has been 
brought to light since she entered into rest, and many more will doubt- 
less be unknown, till that day when all that has been done unto the 
least of Christ's disciples here shall be accounted as done unto 

Says her biographer, Professor Lee : — 

" An easier and gentler separation of soul and body had never per- 
haps occurred in this sin-stricken world. Her features wore the ex- 
pression of the calmest slumber — ' of the infant's slumber on its 
mother's breast.' She had earnestly prayed, that He who directs 
the ways of death itself, would grant her a gracious dispensation 
from lengthened suffering, lest her mind might become enfeebled in 
the last conflict. Her prayer was graciously heard and most signally 
answered. Miss Preble had passed away without a pang of body or 
soul ; for the calm and sweet expression of every feature of her face 
betokened a joyful vision of a brighter world, and the sound of the 
anthems of the angels of the blessed. In a moment she had exchanged 
the twilight of earth for the sunlight of heaven." 

" Her sufferings ended with the day, 
Yet lived she at its close ; 
And breathed the long, long night away 
In statue-like repose. 

" But ere the sun, in all his state, 
Illumed the Eastern skies, 
She passed through glory's morning gate, 
And walked in Paradise." 

ner remains were deposited in the Pittsburgh cemetery, a retired 
and beautiful spot on the banks of the Alleghany, whose clear waters 
she had so often admired as one of the delightful beauties of nature 
and nature's scenery. Her death created a wide and deep sensation ; 
earnest and affectionate obituary notices of her, from some of which 
we have briefly quoted, appeared in the papers of Washington, Pitts- 
burgh, Philadelphia, New York, Boston and Portland — bearing am- 
ple testimony to the rare excellence, intellectual and moral, of this 
extraordinary woman. 


Children of Henry and Frances (Wright) Preble. 

//s — ~v/ . -^ /Zj / Frances Anica, the youngest 

&{ ^/z*Sa^/J(LA^xHu> daU g hter of Henry and Frances 

(Wright) Preble, born in the city of Paris, Nov. 25, 1797, was married 
at Draveil, near Versailles, under the almost fatherly auspices of its 
owner, who had long been their attached and unchanged friend, on 
the 28th of July, 1817, by the Rev. Mr. Sullivan (a clergyman of 
the Church of England), to Thomas Barlow, Esq., who was born 
at Reading, Conn., in 1794, and died suddenly at Washington, 
Penn., Oct., 1859. Mrs. Barlow is now (1870) living with her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. J. D. Chambers, in Washington, Penn. She derives the name 
of Frances from her mother ; " Anica" is of Spanish origin. 

The following beautiful and glowing description of Draveil, the 
country seat of Mr. Daniel Parker,* an American gentleman, her 
father's friendj who had made it the summer home of the family, and 
from which the loving hand of a husband led Anica, written by Mr. G. 
R. Russell, the life-long friend of Mrs. Barlow, is taken from the memoir 
of her sister Harriet. The lives of the sisters were so interwoven 
by affection, and are so homogeneous, that they cannot be discon- 

"The estate of Draveil was situated about fifteen miles from Paris. 
It was a princely domain of great extent, and with its farm-houses 
and accommodations for its numerous flocks and herds, occupied much 
ground apart from the mansion. The cultivation of the land employed 
many laborers, and most of the inhabitants of the village were entirely 
dependent on the proprietor. Some of the vestiges of the feudal age 
could be discovered in the tenure of service, and the levelling authority 
of the revolution had not deprived the little hamlet of its reverence for 
the lord of the manor. But that which in the olden time might have 
arisen from the dread of irresponsible power, was now a free offering 
to a generous and noble-hearted man, who was honored and beloved 
by all who rejoiced in his friendship or partook of his bounty. 

" An avenue, a mile in extent, bordered by forest trees, led to. the 
spacious court-yard in front of the chateau, which was a large fine old 
structure, built with an equal regard to architectural effect and per- 
sonal convenience. It was both commodious and elegant; and its 
long suite of rooms, including an excellent library, combined all that 
could be desired for comfort or luxury. Most of the domestics had 

* Daniel Parker, Esq., a native of America, but who for forty years had resided in France, 
died at Versailles, April, 1829. Boston paper. 


grown gray on the estate, and seemed like the trees to be identified 
with it. There was an affectionate relation between them and the 
family — the result of mutual dependence, of kindness and consideration 
on one side, and attention and fidelity on the other. The out-build- 
ings were in a corresponding style of magnitude and appropriateness, 
and in a profusion that left nothing wanting which could be adapted 
to the various wants of a liberally provided household. There were 
stables, with inmates worthy of their ample accommodations. There 
were rooms for everything — fruit, bathing, billiard, laundry, with many 
others whose uses I have forgotten. There were gardens which I 
never can forget, where the fruits of many lands were congregated, 
and conspicuous among them all, the golden chasselas, luxuriating in 
its native region, hung clustering from the walls in rich and prodigal- 

"The chief beauty of this enchanting place was the magnificent 
park, overlooked by the chateau, covering an extent of ground which 
admitted winding and varied walks and drives, amidst the productions 
of every clime that could be naturalized in France ; there seemed no 
end to the loveliness of this fairy realm. Art had lent its aid, but had 
cunningly concealed its work, that nature might claim all the merit as 
her own. The little lake, embowered in trees, the arched bridge, the 
sylvan retreat that defied the sun, the rural cottage or crumbling ruin, 
or fantastic grotto, which came suddenly before you, were all appro- 
priate parts of the great whole, blending in unity, and seemed to have 
grown where they were situated, as a fit accompaniment to the waving 
woods. Beyond the park stretched the broad acres of the estate, 
bounded by the glancing Seine. 

"Taste and wealth had been profusely expended on everything at- 
tached to this sumptuous residence, and they had given results over 
which the eye never tired. There was a repose and tranquillity which 
shut out the busy world, and one forgot that, within a few miles, the 
most stirring and gorgeous city of the earth rocked and roared in its 
never ceasing agony of cares and passions. Yet a memento of the 
convulsion which was still shaking Europe (1814-15) was distinctly 
visible from the chateau. The direct road from Fontainebleau to Paris 
lay on the further bank of the river, and the post-house could be easily 
pointed out where Napoleon first met the intelligence of the battle of 
Mont Martre, and the entrance of the allies into his capital. It was an 
interesting spot, skirting the landscape across the lawns and glades 
of Dravcil, for it was there the conviction Brat Hashed upoo him, that 
liis empire had ended | and in looking at it, the thoughl arises how his 

iron soul broke down, for the 6rs1 time in his eventful career, ;>< he 


turned back to Fontainebleau, hopeless and desolate in his utter 

"But splendid as were the outward beauties of Dravcil, there was an 
inward social element which eclipsed them all. Besides the usual 
family circle, distinguished for refinement, accomplishment, and intel- 
lectual culture, a generous hospitality gathered in that mansion ; not 
merel} 7 those whose country or connections gave them a claim to the 
ordinary courtesies of life, but men whose names belong to history 
were frequent guests. Politics, science, literature and art, were re- 
presented there, and every taste and inclination could find kindred 
companionship. General Lafayette was a frequent visitor at the 
chateau, sometimes remaining several days ; and his gentle manners 
and kind, benevolent interest made you unmindful that you were 
familiarly conversing with the man who had been so illustrious in two 
hemispheres. When I met him in this country some years later, and 
again in Paris shortly before his death, he spoke with much interest 
and feeling of the pleasant days of Draveil. ***** When I 
arrived in Paris, the first invasion of the allies had just passed. 
Napoleon was in Elba, a forgotten race had claimed an inheritance out 
of the spoils of conquest, and time appeared to have receded a half 
century, amid the antiquated usages which surrounded this strange 
regeneration. The foreign friends who had erected a throne, that 
tottered even in their presence, left it to its own resources, to seek in 
their own countries the repose denied them by long years of ceaseless 
strife. But the eagle broke his chain, and swooping down upon his 
old dominions, scattered in affright the imbecility which had tempted 
his return. Again the exhausted land resounded with the din of arms, 
and the hurried preparations- for the impending conflict. Europe once 
more, in hostile array, retraced her steps towards the Seine. The 
relics of many a hard fought field were gathered to oppose her legions ; 
but the spell was over, the wand of the enchanter was broken, and the 
star which dazzled aud allured him, waning pale and powerless went 
down forever. Then came the hour of retribution and humiliation. 
The forbearance which had been manifested on the first entrance of 
the allies was no longer exercised, and long after resistance had 
ceased, countless hordes poured like locusts over the fields of France, 
blasting and desolating wherever they alighted. There was, however, 
a good or evil fortune in the distribution, and Draveil was, happily, 
exempted from the general calamity, or shared it too lightly to have 
reason to complain. A Russian regiment of cuirassiers was quartered 
in the village, and some of the principal officers resided in the chateau. 
There was an air of distrust with which they first met the family, and 
an evident doubt as to their position. Tin's, however, soon melted 


away in the genial sunshine to which they were subjected, and they 
soon became reconciled and domesticated. Most of the other officers 
visited the chateau, and it is but just to say, that the conduct of all 
was invariably honorable and gentlemanly. Some of them had much 
cultivation, whilst others were only rude, rough soldiers ; but all 
seemed actuated by good feeling, and if they arrived as enemies, they 
certainly were friends when they departed. They were very grateful 
for the attentions bestowed on them, and they left, with warm expres- 
sions of regret at the separation. I well remember how I stood with 
the two sisters, in the light of the early morning, to bid them farewell, 
as the column commenced its long march to the distant north ; and 
when the rising sun glittered on their armor, as they defiled along the 
avenue, it was sorrowful to think that a few hours would mingle them 
with a mighty host and their individuality be never more known to us. 

" Such was the spot, and such were the persons and the period, 
familiar to the young days of Harriet and Anica Preble." 

And such was the beautiful and refined home in France which 
Anica Preble left, under the loving guardianship of an affec- 
tionate husband. Is it to be wondered, that after experiencing the 
disappointments and vicissitudes of life, and seeing father, mother, 
sister, husband and children, in fact all she had loved most dearly 
and that made life dear, snatched from her, she should exclaim :— 
" After fifty-two years sojourn in this land of liberty, I do not admire 
it any more than I did at first. I would give a great deal to end my 
days in France." 

Thomas Barlow, the husband of Anica Preble, was the favorite 
nephew of the Hon. Joel Barlow,* who having no children of his own, 

* Hon. Joel Bakxow, LL.D., the youngest of the ten children of Samuel Barlow, was 
horn at Reading, Conn., March 24, 1754. His father, who was a respectable farmer, died 
while be was yet at school, leaving him property sufficient to defray the expenses of his 
education. lie was first placed at Dartmouth College, hut returned to New Haven and 
graduated at Yale College m 1778, taking rank among the first of his class. During tlie 
college vacations, he more than mice- seized his musket and repaired as a volunteer to the 
camp where four of his brothers were on duty. He was present at several skirmishes, and 
is said to have fought bravely at White Plains. 

After leaving college, he engaged for a Bhort time in the study of law, but soon changed 
it for theology, and became a Chaplain in the army, which station he retained until the re- 
turn of peace, 1783, when he threw aside his clerical eharaeter and resumed his law studies. 
About 1 7 >S 1 , he married Miss Ruth Baldwin, of New Haven, a Bister of the Hon. Abraham 
Baldwin, for several years a distinguished Senator in Congress for the Slate of Georgia, 
Prom 1783 to 1795, Mr. Barlow was occupied with various private pursuit- in America and 
Europe. He was not BUCCeSBfll] at the bar, and was induced to visit Europe as an agent of 

the Scioto Company. In 1795, he was appointed, by President Washington, Consul at 
Algiers, with powers to negotiate a treat] of peace with the Hey, and redeem the Aiu< ricu 
captives on the coast of Bftrbary. He concluded a treaty with Algiers, and also negotiated 
OUfl with Tripoli, and rescued many American citizens from slavery. In 1797, he resigned 



adopted him as his son, and left him, at his death, a liberal share of 
his fortune. He was carefully educated, and always treated and loved 
by his uncle as a son. He was his uncle's Secretary of Legation at 
Paris, and accompanied him to Poland, where he closed his eyes, and 
then returned with his remains to Paris. Mr. Barlow continued the 
Secretary of Legation at Paris until Sept., 1813, when he accompanied 
his uncle's widow to the United States. During this residence in 
France, he became interested in Frances Anica Preble, his destined 
wife, and in 1811 he returned to France and married her. 

Frances Anica Preble was born, reared, educated and married in 
France, but on her marriage left that country with her husband for the 
United States, which from that time has been her home. " The 
Julianna," on which the young couple took passage, had a stormy 
voyage, was detained for a considerable time at Fayal, for supplies 
and repairs, and did not reach the United States for three months. 
They had been urged by her uncle Enoch to take passage in a ship 
commanded by him, but their passages had been taken and paid for in 

his Consulship and resumed his mercantile operations at Paris. His enterprise was rewarded 
with a handsome fortune. In 1805, after seventeen years absence, he returned to the United 
States, and purchased a house and grounds in Georgetown, District of Columbia, which he 
called Kalorama, where he took up his residence. 

In 1811, he was sent as Minister Plenipotentiary to the French Government. He failed in 
his negotiations for a commercial treaty and indemnification for spoliations— the object of 
his mission— but in October, 1812, he was invited to a conference with the Emperor at 
"Wilna. The fatigue and exposure to which he subjected himself to comply with this invita- 
tion, caused his death at Zarnowitch, an obscure village near Cracow, Dec. 24, 1812, aged 
about 58 years, 9 months. 

"While in college, Mr. Barlow was a votaiy of the muses, and by that means acquired the 
friendship of Doctor fright, who himself occasionally dabbled in verse. His American 
Poems, written in 1778, the year of his graduating, were printed at Litchfield in 1793, after 
he had left college. In 1791, when made a Master of Arts, he recited a poem called " The 
Prospect of Peace," which was subsequently merged in "The Columbiad." The germ of 
that Epic, " The Vision of Columbus," appeared in 1787, inscribed, in an elegant and courtly 
dedication, to Louis XVI. He prepared a new version of Watts's Psalms for the clergy of 
his native State, which was published in 1786. This volume was subsequently revised and 
enlarged by Rev. Doctor Dwight, and with these additions, it was in ordinary use in 1814. 
He was concerned about this time in a weekly paper, a bookstore, and in contributing to 
the " Anarchiad." While in France he became a warm friend of the leading Girondists. 
In England, about 1791, he printed his "Advice to the Privileged Orders." Part II. ap- 
peared about 1795. In 1792, he gave to the public " The Conspiracy of Kings," a poem of 
400 lines, and " A Letter to the National Convention," soon after which the N. C. conferred 
upon him the right of a French citizen. But his most popular poem was a mock heroic, 
in three cantos, written at Chambery, in Savoy, called " Hasty Pudding," in which he 
celebrated a national New-England dish. Returning to America in 1808, " The Colum- 
biad," his most ambitious poem, made its appearance in the most magnificent volume which 
had ever been published in America. The engravings were executed in London. A few 
copies were sold, but the high price was an obstacle to its circulation. A copy of it, with 
additional engravings, was sold in March, 1870, at the sale of H. A. Rice's Library in New 
York, for $145. A cheaper edition was issued in 1S09, and in the same year it was pub- 
lished in London by Phillips. It was dedicated to his friend Robert Fulton. The Colum- 


the Julianna, and they subsequently congratulated themselves on not 
having been prevailed to cancel their engagement, as her uncle's vessel 
had the still more tedious passage of one hundred and three days without 
ever putting into port; a period of time, which, with our present im- 
proved modes of travelling, would be sufficient to accomplish a voyage 
around the world. 

On their arrival in the United States the Barlows took up their resi- 
dence at Kalorama, a beautiful place on the summit of an eminence 
near Washington, D. C, which it overlooked, with a wide extent of 
the surrounding country traversed by the waters of the Potomac. 

Kalorama had belonged to Mr. Joel Barlow, who gave it its sin- 
gular Greek name, and his nephew purchased it from his heirs. At 
Kalorama, Frances Emma, their eldest child, was born, June 20, 1818. 
From thence they soon removed to "Alleghany City" in the neigh- 
borhood of Pittsburgh, where, and at •' Manchester," in the same 
vicinity, all their younger children were born. 

Mrs. B.'s father writes to his brother Enoch, Jan., 1809 : — " Anica 
is stowed away in that dull smoky hole, Pittsburgh. Every one regrets 
that knows her, that her fine talents should be thus buried, but she is 
the most excellent child, makes the best wife and mother in the world, 

triad is composed of a number of visions, in which Hcsper, the senilis of the western conti- 
nent, presents to Columbus, whilst immured in the prison at Valladolid, that which shall 
be hereafter. The war of the Revolution, the events which arc to precede and those which 
are to follow, form a part of the vast materiel of this epic. The criticisms of the Edinburgh 
Review were particularly severe upon it. 

We should not omit to mention Barlow's zealous attempts to establish a great National 
Academy, under the patronage of the Federal Government. In 1806, he drew up a prospec- 
tus of a National Institution. Mr. Logan, of Penn., introduced a bill into the Senate of tho 
United States, but the project came to nothing. 

Joel Barlow was of an amiable disposition and domestic habits, generally silent in mixed 
company and often absent in mind. His manners were grave and dignified. He had med- 
itated writing a general history of the United States, and previous to his death had made a 
large collection of the necessary documents. 

Upon the whole, from his superior natural genius which was early noticed and acknowl- 
edged, his expanded knowledge of the world, his moral, philosophical, and political disquisi- 
tions, the public Stations which he held, hifl pure and ardent patriotism, developed in the 
revolution and sustained throughout his life, his Btaunch, orthodox, and unbending republi- 
can principles, lii< poetic talents and published productions, the amiability and benevolenco 
of his private character, and purity of bis public life, Joel Barlow well deserves and will main- 
tain an elevated rank among the distinguished men of our country. 

In Paris every honor was paid to his memory as a man of letters and a distinguished pub- 
lie functionary. The celebrated Helen Maria Williams wrote bis epitaph, and an eulogy 
v, as read before the Society for the Encouragement of National Industry, by Duponl do 
Nemours. In the following year, an epic of his lift and writings In quarto, was published 
in Paris, accompanied by an extract from the Columbiad, translated Into heroic French 

For notices of Joel Barlow, sec : — National Portrait Oattery ; Allihanr's Diet, of Authors i 
Bloke's Biog. Diet, ; Allen's Am. Biog, Diet. ,■ Godwin's Hand Book of Universal Biography ,■ 
Analeetie Magazine ; Apphton's Cyclopedia of Biography, s 


and will be contented and happy anywhere. She and her husband 
propose to pass a part of next summer with Mary (Mrs. Nat. Amory), 
at Boston, and will pay a visit to Portland, as Anica wishes much to 
see it. I passed last summer very agreeably with them at Kalorama,* 
which now belongs to Mr. B. It is a most delightful spot." 
. April 20, 1822, her father, after expressing his intention of giving 
up all thoughts of offices, writes : — " I am the more inclined to this, as 
Anica and her husband wish much to have me with them. It is pro- 
bable they will settle at Meadville, Penn., near Lake Erie, where Mr. 
Barlow has one of the finest farms in the State, most delightfully 
situated. She has two fine girls." 

He continued to reside with them until his death in 1825. Soon 
after that event, Mrs. Barlow with her husband revisited France, where 
her mother and elder sister had continued to reside, and was reunited 
to them for the first time since her marriage. They were then in their 
fresh grief from the recent and unexpected death of her brother 
Edward, whom Lafayette styled " a most promising youth," and whose 
brief life will be noted hereafter. While on this visit, Mrs. Barlow 
persuaded her mother and sister to leave France and take up their 
residence near her, in the United States — a perfect terra incognita to 
them. Mrs. and Miss Preble accordingly arrived in May, 1830, 
and landing at Philadelphia proceeded by a safe and slow journey 
of several days, which is narrated in the life of Harriet Preble, to the 
residence of Mrs. Barlow, which she describes as at that time a beauti- 
ful cottage named Ilignionette, on the banks of the Ohio, about two 
miles below Pittsburgh, and which they found " very beautiful and a 
realization of their sweetest dreams." In this retreat the mother and 
sister remained the guests of the Barlows until 1832, when Mr. B. 
having experienced some reverses of fortune, Harriet Preble thought 
it advisable to secure an independence for herself and mother. With 
this view a place of ten acres adjoining Mignionette was rented, and 
the cottage, which she christened Sans Souci, was repaired, and there 
Miss Harriet undertook the care and education of six or eight young 
girls from the age of twelve to fourteen. For four years, from 1832 to 
* 1836, she devoted with zeal and fidelity her admirable qualifications to 
her task, when, painfully sensible of the failure of her strength, she 
gave up her self-imposed office of teacher, and sought the quiet of 
retirement at Washington, Penn., a little village about twenty-six 
miles from Pittsburgh, destined to be the future residence of both fami- 

* The remains of Commodore Stephen Decatur, after his fatal duel with Barron in 1820, 
at the request of his widow and by consent of Col. Bomford, the then owner of Kalorama, 
and who was an intimate friend of the deceased, were interred in a family vault, situated in 
a sheltered part of the grounds of Kalorama. 


lies. Towards the close of 1831, with her mother she removed to 
New Brighton, and in July, 1838, returned to Alleghany City, to be 
with or near Mrs. Barlow, and from that time to her decease, though 
various the movings, the families were seldom or not long disunited. 

In a brief sketch like this, it is not appropriate nor is it designed to 
raise the sacred veil that covers the succeeding years of the family 
communings. Mrs. Preble died in Nov., 1815, and in a letter of Har- 
riet's, written from Alleghany City, April, 1846, we have a glimpse 
of the family circle. "Dear sister," she says, "has also to mourn 
for a darling child, her eldest daughter Emma Wilson, who died 
last spring. She was beautiful and only 28 years old, and has left 
three children, Edward, James and Clara. Sister had removed to 
Washington, Penn., to be near her, Mr. Wilson having there a very 
handsome and large farm [Locust Hill]. Her object was also to give 
her sons a collegiate education, the University of Pittsburgh having 
no reputation. Frank, the eldest, is now studying medicine; and will 
not graduate these two years to come. They are fine boys — lively, 
witty, good-natured, and I hope will do no discredit to the 'Barlows' 
or 'Prebles.' When they have been through with their studies, I 
think Mrs. Barlow will remove again to Pittsburgh. My niece Anica 
Barlow draws beautifully. She is a sweet, lovely and accomplished 
young woman [now Mrs. J. D. Chambers]. You can hardly meet 
with a more perfect character." In another letter she says : — " Sister 
has a lovely daughter called Anica, who is as near perfection as any 
human being can be. She would like to visit you, but is so kind she 
does not like to leave her mother, for we are so badly off for servants 
here, that one has often much of the work to do, and sister's health lias 
not been very good for a year or two, but she looks very young. She 
has such a beautiful figure, and is so light and graceful in all her move- 
ments, that I think she will never grow old. She is much livelier 
than I am. I was trying to persuade her to take a journey to Portland 
this summer, but she is wedded to her home — she never liked travel- 
ling, and so all my eloquence Avas lost." 

Three years later, March, 1819, Harriet writes : — " Sister has lived 
here [Washington, Penn.], seven years; she came on account of the 
college having Prank and Frederick to educate. Frank has gone 
through his last course at the Medical School, Philadelphia, and we 
hope will come back to us a Doctor in good earnest. As for Fred. 
he is to graduate here the coming fall." Jan. 23, 1850, she 
writes: — "Our Frank is spending his third winter in Philadelphia, in 
hopes of being admitted a surgeon in the navy. He is a young man 
of line promise." 

About the same date Mrs. Barlow wrote : — " The love of drawing 


is I believe hereditary in the-Preble family. My poor father took the 
greatest delight in it, and my passion for it is so well known that 
they say, 'when I cease to draw I must cease to live.' " In 1855, 
sending some of her own and sister's drawings to her eastern friends, 
she says : — " I was in hopes, if my dear friend Mrs. Bomford* had 
been spared, to send by her some of my drawings in papier pelier, a 
late French style which is indeed the most beautiful thing of the kind 
I ever saw. It is a mixture of stump, crayon, mezzotinto, and all kinds 
of drawing it seems to me, and the paper being slightly tinted — some- 
times of a dark grey for snow pieces or moonlight, and sometimes of 
a pale yellow — it enables one to rub off the lights with a sharp knife, 
and I could not tell you the magical effect it has, especially in a water 
scene. Ellen must accept my views from Queen Hortense'sf grounds 
at Montmorency, taken when I was but seventeen (1814), rather an 
antiquated affair ! She was quite intimate with my mother in her 
youthful days." 

October, 1856, she again writes : — " I often look over the beautiful 
drawing Ellen sent us, and think with many an idle sigh of the " draw- 
ing sprees " we might have had together, for although on the shady 
side of fifty I am as fond of it and music as ever. Beethoven and Wal- 
lace are two great favorites of mine, and I never pass a day without 
opening my piano for a while. My solitude, and my heart-bi'eaking 
remembrances, are such that if I did not try books, drawing and 
music as solaces, I do not know what would become of me." A 
few months later one of these cherished solaces had to be aban- 
doned. May, 185V, she writes : — " My passion for drawing I have had 
to give up at last. It was too fatiguing for me, but I find great 
pleasure and solace in music. I may say without vanity I am too 
much of a performer ever to forget or give it up. I have a beautiful 
Chickering's 7-octave, and enjoy Beethoven's true soul music more 
than ever." 

Previous to this, in the spring of 1850, the Barlows, together 
with her sister Harriet, who was resident with them since the 
death of her mother, had removed to West Manchester, a town 
which had grown up around their former delightful abodes Migni- 
onette and Sans.Souci, that they might be near the young Doctor 
Frank, who proposed to commence the practice of his profession 
there. Frederick, the youngest son, also anticipated employment as 

* "Widow of Gol. Bomford, the inventor of the " Columbiad"— a heavy gun to throw- 
shells horizontally, afterwards successfully introduced into the French service by Col. Paix- 
han — whence modem shell guns take the name of" Paixhans." 

t Hortense Beauharmais, the mother of Napoleon III. 


an engineer in the neighboring city of Pittsburgh. The family con- 
tinued to reside at West Manchester until 185*7, when Mr. and Mrs. 
Barlow decided to return to Washington, Penn., where Mr. B. died, 
and Mrs. Barlow, with temporary exceptions, has since resided. Death, 
previously to the removal to Washington, had made sad inroads upon 
the little family circle, and filled the old home with heart-breaking re- 
membrances. In March, 1853, the young doctor, unsuccessful in 
obtaining a remunerative practice at Manchester, sailed in the 
" Oregon " from New York for Australia, hoping in that new country 
to find a field of profit for his noble profession. He had, how- 
ever, scarcely reached those distant shores before news was wafted 
thence of his sudden and unexpected death. His aunt Harriet, with 
whom he was a first favorite, was spared the distressing knowledge. 
Before the news had reached these shores, on the 4th of Feb., 1854, 
she bid sister the usual sweet good night on retiring, and the next 
morning her tabernacle of flesh was found with the hands clasped as 
in prayer, but the spirit had returned to God who gave it. To 
these bereavements was added that of Mrs. Barlow's old friend, Mrs. 
Bomford, who while on a visit died in her arms. 

In allusion to these griefs, Mrs. Barlow wrote, August 30, 1856 : — 
" They used to tell me I was the youngest person in the house, and 
in feeling I am sure I was not much older than my children; but alas ! 
I have had so much sorrow to bear in the last years ! my poor heart 
can love as tenderly as ever, but the frail tenement that encloses it is 
giving way." An affliction of another kind was soon added. Dec, 
1856, she says : — " About a month since I awoke one morning per- 
fectly and entirely deaf, and when I found that I could not hear one 
word of Clara's lessons I sat down and had a bitter, bitter cry about 
it." This affliction, by the aid of a physician, soon passed off, but was 
renewed from time to time in a greater or less degree. In 1866, she 
wrote : — " I can always hear if a person sits close to me, but I have 
done with general conversation." Jan., 1870, she says: — "I recov- 
ered my hearing last summer in a most unexpected aud wonderful 
manner, but now am completely deaf again. It's a sad infirmity, be- 
cause it seems to isolate so much, and that is the reason, I presume, 
why the deaf are generally so gloomy. I never could give you an 
idea of this complete solitude. I only number one intimate friend 
here. Sho is a dear old lady of 86, and the most lovely .specimen of 
what old age can be, but she never visits, and only goes out to ehureh ; 
when I could walk 1 used to go and see her almost every day. When 
she could not make me hear she would use her pencil. 1 think it is a 
nice way of conversing for the deaf. Fortunately I can always hear 
my daughter, and her children arc very willing to scribble when they 
have anything to say. My books are my silent comforters." 


The memoirs of her sister Harriet were published late iti 185G. 
Mrs. Barlow was very much interested in their publication and suc- 
cess. The publication was at the expense of Miss Elizabeth Ander- 
son, a former pupil of her sister's ; the profits, if any,, were to go to the 
benefit of Prof. Lee, the editor. The friendly help of Mr. Chas. King, 
of New York, secured the publication by G. P. Putnam of an edition 
of about 800 copies. Pecuniarily the book was not a success. The 
cost exceeded the estimates $111. About 300 copies were sold, and 300 
copies burnt at the printing office. The copies sent to France were 
lost in a vessel that was run down at sea ; so that in Dec, 1858, but 
eighty copies were left, and the book, which received the warm en- 
comiums of the press, is now out of print. But seven dollars and a 
half net profit was received from the sales in New York, and that and 
the profit from 200 copies sold at Manchester, was all that accrued to 
the editor. It was at first proposed to get out a new and enlarged 
edition, but the result of the first was so unprofitable and annoying 
that the project was abandoned. 

Towards the close of 1851, she writes : " I am thankful that our 
friends and Harriet's pupils have the Biography, but it has not met 
with the success it deserves. It has been a source, of the deepest 
regret that my dearest father should have been so slightly mentioned 
in the Memoir, and that his death in 1825 had not been noticed. 
This was a sad oversight, for which every one must blame me unless 
they know the attending circumstances. The book was unfortunately 
finished in the greatest haste. Prof. Lee was very weak ; and his 
health failing so fast, I think he feared he might not live to see the 
work published. He read it aloud but once to me, and hurried it to 
to Philadelphia, where it remained fourteen mouths, and where we 
despaired of getting any one to publish it. I then wrote to Mr. Chas. 
King about it, and owing to the generosity of our friends here, and 
the kind exertions of Mr. Chas. King, it was published and appeared 
so promptly that there could have been no time for any change. I 
much regret now I did not keep the MSS. by me, for sometimes to 
revise and consult with some of her friends about valuable additions 
that could have been made. I cannot forgive myself for neglecting 
to ask the Rev. Mr. Passevant for her letters— the most beautiful 
and touching perhaps she ever wrote ; and not less for not giving some 
short account of my dear father's eventful life. Mr. Lee had known 
Harriet very intimately for the past twenty years, and that was the 
reason he was asked to be her biographer." 

In 1866, she wrote that she had but one copy of the Memoir left, 
and that she was constantly asked for copies, but had none to give. 
They were pressing to have a second edition published, but she could 
not afford it. 


In 1857, she was very much an invalid, and writes, under date of 
March 13, from Manchester: — "I have been sick, very sick! this 
Siberian winter has been most too much for me. I always suffer ex- 
cessively from the cold, and the thermometer testifying- to 10° below 
zero, is equal to the cold of the Arctic regions for one of my constitu- 
tion. In vain did I take every precaution, and keep the most glorious 
fires all over the house. I was invariably defeated, and had at last to 
take to my bed. I could no longer eat or digest. It is a mystery to 
me how I did not die of mere inanition." 

May 17, 1857, she writes of a change of residence, and says : — 
" Once more I am settled in ' little ' Washington, as we call it here, 
to distinguish it from the great city. My daughter Anica has per- 
suaded us to take up our abode with her, and there is room for all. 
We are as comfortable here as we can possibly be, and it is a great 
comfort to be released from all household cares, for a little while at any 
rate. Some change seemed absolutely necessary for Mr. Barlow, and 
he is so much better here that I am already repaid in part for my sac- 
rifice in leaving my nice home." 

In a letter written soon after this flitting, she says : — " My highest 
ambition would be to have a cottage with four rooms. * * We 
could not hire a house in Washington, and are therefore living with my 
daughter, Mrs. Chambers. I was very much attached to my home, 
and it was a beautiful home ! I had taken great pains to collect ami 
arrange to the best advantage all the relics of the past. I had many 
fine family portraits, a splendid bust of Joel Barlow, some exquisite 
French vases and ornaments, &c. &c. All these much prized jewels 
I have had to leave behind, safely deposited with friends it is true, 
but where I can no longer enjoy them. I felt, my dear cousin, the time 
had come for me to leave where I had suffered so much." 

In October she went to Pittsburgh, to see her old friends before the 
long winter began, and thinking a change of air would do her good ; 
but says, " I forgot that a lady who lived on custards and floating 
islands must nearly starve in any boarding-house, even the best, and 
I was soon compelled to return to Anica's home again." 

In Dec. she left her daughter, to go to house-keeping, and gathered 
her treasures once more around her. She says : — " We have hired the 
only house to be rented in Washington. I wish you could see our 
common sitting-room where our books are ; it is the most cozy little 
snuggery one could wish for. It is a very great comfort to have 
Frederick with me just now. lie helped me so zealously iirthis move, 
that 1 hardly know what 1 could have done without him. He makes 
ours a cheerful and happy home just now, in spite of many sorrows 
and painful remembrances. We had a very pleasant Christmas all 


together, children and grandchildren. It was delightful to see so 
many smiling faces around me." 

February, 1858, she writes : — " I occupy what was formerly the 
' Baptist parsonage.' If* you have seen Charlotte Bronte's Memoirs 
and noticed the view it contains of Haworth Parsonage, you have 
almost the counterpart of my own, excepting that instead of poor 
Charlotte's desolate moors (that she loved so much), I am surrounded 
by beautiful hills, with here and there a pretty country residence. I 
am also guarded by three churches : — Seceders to the right, Baptist 
to the left, and Methodist in sight. It would be hard to - wander far 
estray, but I have to wander as far as the Episcopal church, which is 
very dear to me." 

A few months later she made another move, and to her old home in 
'Washington. She wrote, under date of Dec. 3, 1858 : — " I have been 
very poorly for some time, and a perfect martyr to the rheumatism. 
This is the first time I have been so -afflicted, and I have so far been so 
active and quick in my movements, that it seems quite strange and 
disagreeable to me to limp about like a real old lady ; but I have had 
an unusual share of health in my life-time, and must try and submit 
patiently to the infirmities of age." 

In consequence of these infirmities, her daily walks to her daugh- 
ter's, in the hot and unshaded streets, were " nearly the death of 
her;" and "So, on the 1st of October (1858), we moved once 
more to this, our old home, the house that we built sixteen years 
ago, when I came here for the purpose of putting my son to Washing- 
ton College; Anica has rented a house in the same street, so we can 
see each other daily. It seems pleasant to be in this house once more, 
and when I look back, it seems as if I had just awoke from a long 
and dreadful nightmare. This is my third move in the course of eigh- 
teen months ; you may judge if it was trying to a person of my 
age. I had to undergo much fatigue, though my Frederick of course 
was the greatest assistance to me. lie is still with us." 

Towards the close of 1859, Mrs. Barlow was destined to experience 
a new sorrow, and another void was created in her already aching 
heart. October 8, she wrote :— " I was just going to write you, when 
your letter of the 3d reached me — going, alas ! to inform you of my 
heavy loss and great affliction. My good husband is no more ! lie 
was taken from me in the most painful manner, and without one min- 
ute's warning ! I left him at ten o'clock at night, in our dining room, 
reading, and I was never to meet his kind look again. He attempted 
to cross the porch and its flight of steps without a light. The night 
was very dark, and he had a fall that the Doctor said must have caused 
his immediate death. It is a comfort to think that ho did not suffer. 


He had been through the day better than usual on account of our dear 
F.'s having secured an excellent situation, and he was in his usual 
health. I am now left the sole occupant of this formerly cheerful 
home. My husband has very generously left me the whole of his 
property and his sole administrator. Our income is not large, but 
will enable me to live in comfort and do some little good. I am 
left so perfectly desolate that I contemplate a little journey to 
Philadelphia to see a sick friend who is very dear to me. I have had 
a wish to go to her for two years past, but could not bear to leave Mr. 
Barlow behind me. Now, alas ! I will leave a completely deserted 

In June, 1860, her son Frederick obtained an appointment as a 
third Asst. Engineer in the Navy of the United States, and about a 
month later was ordered to join the Auacosta, a little steam tender at-' 
tached to the Washington Navy Yard. Soon after her son's appoint- 
ment she rented her house in " little " Washington, stored her furni- 
ture away, leaving what she could with her daughter Anica, and took 
up her residence temporarily at the Ashland House, Philadelphia. In 
August she made a flying visit to her relatives in Cambridge, Mass., and 
friends around Boston, who were sorry that she could or would not pro- 
long it, and felt it imperative in about a fortnight to return to Phila- 
delphia, where she was joined by her granddaughter Clara, and 
where Frederick again surprised her with a visit, but only to dampen 
her joy at seeing him, by informing her that he was ordered to sail on 
the 23d of November in the store-ship Mazeppa, for St. Paul's do 
Loando, west coast of Africa, where he was to join the U. S. steamer 
Sumpter. Mrs. Barlow remained at Philadelphia through the winter, and 
writes, the following May : — " I caught a severe cold, then I got very 
homesick and made my preparations to return to Washington, which 
I reached but a few weeks before this dreadful news about Fort Sum- 
ter. What times ! oh what awful times ! who could ever have dreamed 
of the possibility of a civil war in this country ! The north has come 
out so nobly, however, that it is very encouraging. We have had a 
painful trial here, for eljhhj-seven of our finest young men have joined 
the volunteer camp, and among them is my favorite grandson James 
Wilson, just twenty one and rather delicate. As his brother Edward 
was in Texas, with hut little prospect of being able to return, it was 
very bard For Air. Wilson to part with James, but there was no such 
thing as keeping him back, and we must be prepared to give up the 
noblest and best for this righteous and holy cause." 

On the 4th of June, she writes : — " 1 presume you have hoard 
that the African squadron has been recalled, and the Sumpter among 
the number. 1 told you in my last of my return to Washington, and 


of my staying with my daughter Anica. A most melancholy event 
happened in our family about two weeks ago. Poor Mr. Wilson, 
Clara's father, died very suddenly from over-exertion, of congestion of 
the lungs. He leaves five orphans. James, who was his father's 
partner, enlisted and was one of the eighty-seven fine young men 
who left this place to go and serve their country. He has, how- 
ever, obtained an honorable discharge from his military duties since 
his father's decease, and is now at home ; and most fortunately 
Edward, the eldest son, who was in Texas, has been able to come back 
also, after a perilous journey." 

In another letter she says : — " We were all opposed to James enlist- 
ing, he was so delicate, but his father said ' if he had ten sons he would 
not keep one of them back.' Alas, one short month after James left, 
his father died very suddenly from breaking a bloodvessel. My poor 
Clara is now keeping house for them at ' Locust Hill/ a great charge 
for her ; I am glad I was the means of her spending a happy winter be- 
fore this happened. We spend our time very quietly, and I suppose I 
ought to be very thankful that I am looking out from the loop-hole of 
my retreat on the tumults and excitement abroad." 

July 15, 1862, she says : — " I am glad that my son (so he writes) 
is ' determined never to forsake the good old flag.' I fear my poor 
Fred, will be a long time without hearing from home, unless, as I hope, 
he may be now ploughing the deep ocean, homeward bound. I hope, 
did I say ! alas I scarcely know what it is right to say — perhaps he is 
better where he is." 

This foreboding was to be realized, for her son was one of 
those who went down in the monitor at the fight in Mobile Bay, two 
years later. His death was a terrible blow to her, and she has never 
ceased to bewail his loss. After several fiittings between Washington 
and Philadelphia, she writes in August, 1865 : — " I am once more 
settled in little Washington, and living with my good daughter Anica, 
who has made me as perfectly comfortable as any body could wish to 
be. I gave her this house two years ago. Her husband has much en- 
larged it, and it is now the prettiest residence in Washington. The 
beautiful trees I planted twenty-three years ago shade the porches and 
the garden completely, and add much to the beauty of the place. • 
But nothing, nothing in this world can bring me comfort and pleasure. 
If I had lost my Frederick but yesterday I could not suffer more. He 
was so dear to me. He had taken the whole of my poor heart, and I 
am sadly punished for my idolatry. I do indeed feel completely 
crushed, and at times my life is almost a burden to me. Anica's chil- 
dren are too young for me. They are very lovely children, but my 


poor heart seems dead to everything, and I cannot love them as I 
ought to. They were such pets to my Frederick !" 

With all this sadness there was a ray of sunshine, though it was not 
enough to dispel her cloud of sorrow. On the 8th of June, her favorite 
granddaughter Clara was happily married and settled near her. She 
says : — ' ' It was the largest and handsomest wedding that ever took place 
in Washington, and I never saw Claralook more lovely. She was dressed 
in white illusion, with a large veil of the same fastened by a most ex- 
quisite wreath of white flowers made out of feathers, that her uncle 
Fred, brought her from Africa. She was married at Locust Hill, now 
her brother James's place, who is married and has twins, so that now 
I have eight grandchildren and two great-grandchildren ! It is nearly 
time the curtain was drawn for me. I regret that I have been so long 
without writing, but when the heart is heavy the pen becomes leaden 
also, and it is indeed an effort to take mine." 

Seven months later, still dwelling upon her bereavement, she 
repeats these thoughts, and adds: — "I cannot get over my great 
sorrow. I think I was too old to ever recover from so terrible a blow ; 
and alas! I loved him too dearly, too dearly ! but he was everything 
to me, and the light of life has departed. Other mothers may weep as 
I do, and truly is this a land of mourning now ; but I feel, and everyone 
tells me, that mine was not a common loss ! Very few were so noble, 
so true, so kind as my Frederick, and his poor mother was all in all 
with him. I wish you could see some of his dear loving letters, almost 
' lover-like ' they used to tell me, and he never signed otherwise than 
1 ever of thee/ or addressed me otherwise than as his 'darling mammy.' 
Sometimes, when I think of all the trials, sorrows and temptations he 
has escaped, I feel as if I ought not to mourn so deeply. The best 
years of his life were gone. lie had just completed his thirty-fourth 
year on the 4th of August, and he died on the 5th in the morning." 

Soon after the great Portland fire of July 4, 1866, writing in sympa- 
thy with her friends who were sufferers, she says, in allusion to the 
loss of so many fine shade trees : — "If I am proud of anything it is of 
those trees I have planted here, and they are now beautiful trees in- 
deed, and add immensely to our comfort. I have often thought what 
m my sorrow would be if my daughter's house was burned, for there are 
not many \\»here so many precious and beautiful things arc collected. 
It has taken sixty long years to do this. I always tell them in case 
of fire to try and save first of all the dear portraits, paintings and 
drawings, next the family letters and all those precious gifts of my 
darling Frederick, some brought from Africa and so many the work of 
his own hands." 

At the beginning of 1867, when sick and suffering intensely from 


the cold, she writes : — " Our young folks are skating mad and enjoy 
it hugely ; but alas for poor me ! I am nearly congealed, and won- 
der if any one ever dreaded this winter as I do — but alas I in spite of 
my ingenious fortification of flannel, cotton flannel, shawls and cloaks 
and furs, &c. &c, in all my battles with grim old winter, I was invaria- 
bly defeated and thought this time he would leave me on the field. 
This morning I was determined I would not look at the thermometer, 
nor even out at the window, but would make one of our roaring fires 
and sit down the very first thing to write to my dear cousin." In July 
she made a little journey to St. Catharine's, in Canada, thinking a 
change of air would prove beneficial, but at the end of three weeks 
got so nervous and homesick that she could not make up her mind to 
stay long enough to derive any benefit from the baths or walks, and 
returned home, " really sorry that I went at all, as it is always un- 
pleasant to do a foolish thing, and to give every one the right of call- 
ing you a very absurd old lady. The fact is, I was. not equal to the 
journey, and it proved entirely too much for me, even though I rested 
one day at Niagara, both in going and returning. Those two days I 
enjoyed to the full, in spite of my weakness, and although I had seen 
the Falls before (many years ago) ; but such beauties are not immu- 
table, and my heart was better prepared to feel them than when so 
young. That Cataract House is truly an enchanted palace, and I 
never can forget its splendid parlor," with those thirteen windows all 
opening on balconies overlooking the rapids. I should think that one 
might tire of the constant roaring and fretting of the waters of the 
rapids. It gave me a strange feeling of restlessness; there was nothing 
lulling certainly in that sound, and after all I do not know but that I 
would prefer to be by the side of a peaceful and beautiful stream where 
I could exclaim with the poet — 

1 So calm the waters scarcely seem to stray, 
And yet they glide like happiness away.' 

" You may imagine how surprised every one was to see me so soon 
back from my travels, and they will now cease teasing me about it. 
It is my humble opinion that ladies bordering on seventy ought to die 
quietly at home, and really 2" was pursued with the terror that I would 
not get home again." 

Her deafness continuing and increasing, reading became her chief so- 
lace. "Books," she says, "are the only things I am extravagant in ; 
sermons and biography are my favorite reading. The choice library 
I have collected is in the book-case in my own room. Those books 
are nearly all presents from my dear friends, some have been my com- 
panions (and my sister's also) for nearly forty years, and they all have 


a physiognomy of their own. I like even to look at them ; and I 
have a great knack at re-reading. I have a few authors I never tire of — 
Silvio Pejlico in his own beautiful Italian, and Eugenie de Guerin in 
her exquisitely touching French, are my two most intimate friends. 
One of the handsomest books in my pet library is a costly edition of the 
Life of Wm. H. Prescott, that was sent me by Mr. Geo. E. Russell, 
another kind coz. of mine, and who has remained faithful through 
nearly fifty years absence. During that time I have only seen him 
twice for a few hours, once in Manchester and last in Philadelphia. 
There never was a warmer, truer friend." 

In 1868, Mrs. Barlow had a new sorrow over the death, after a 
short illness, of her dear little Harriet, the pet of the household and a 
most engaging and interesting grandchild of five years. The death of 
this child recalled memories of a dear little girl of her own, bearing 
the same name, and who died of the same disease and at the same 
age in France. " She was too sweet a flower for this poor earth, and 
had to be transplanted to Paradise," she says ; and adds, " I think 
I never would call a child after one of the dead ; it seems very sad 
that out of six little girls who have been named for my sister, not 
one of them lived but a few years." 

In June Mrs. Barlow made a short visit to Pittsburgh, urged to it 
by her daughter, as a means of recruiting her strength on recovering 
from a rheumatic fever, but in July returned to little Washington, and 
wrote : " I don't think I will ever leave her [Anica] again, for I have 
been very infirm. I never recovered from the shock of Frederick's 
death. * * Frederick was so noble, so true, so gifted ! and he 
died indeed a volunteer to his country's service, for twice had he ap- 
plied for service from the Owasco, and twice did Admiral Farragut an- 
swer that he had enough, but when the engineer of the Tecumseh 
fell sick he was sent for to replace him." 

In 1869, her eldest grandson, Edward Preble Wilson, was married to 
a most charming woman from Lexington, Kentucky. The young 
couple paid a visit to little Washington, and were pretty nearly killed 
with parties. " Ilis Nannie," she writes, "is a sweet voiced, pensive 
and very lady-like little mortal, extremely pretty, and with the tiniest 
hand and foot I ever saw. I was sorry she looked so delicate, for I hold 
that every American woman is born to contention and ought to be pre- 
pared for the ' Battle of Life ' — it is nothing else in this blessed coun- 
try ! Ah, my dear cousin, you must excuse me, if after fifty-two years 
sojourn in this land of liberty, I do not admire it any more than I did 
at first. I would give a great deal to end my days in France, but one 
cannot well leave their family. Wo have had gay times here for 
Commencement, and wo also had the visit of President Grant, who 




staid sometime with a cousin of his, with his wife and three children. 
It was quite an event here, of course. I saw him pass every day. 
His cousin married an intimate friend of ours, but I was too timid to 
meet ' Ulysses.' 

" The only thing I can do is to read ; my books are my silent com- 
fort; I have become an immense reader. I am now finishing Travels in 
Brazil by Agassiz. I am free to confess I could not get much inter- 
ested in the fishes, but that part of the book written by his wife is 
very amusing. I want you so much to read the works of Hugh 
Miller. I think every one ought to read his ' Testimony of the 
Rocks ' — one of the grandest works that ever was written. I am 
sure you would be perfectly enchanted with his autobiography. I 
have a most extravagant admiration for him, but I never take any- 
thing quietly, nor can I admire coldly or partially. Another favorite 
of mine is Peter Bayne ; his ' Essays ' are truly beautiful. Is your 
daughter fond of music ? How much pleasure I have found in it 
during my long life ! I am now [18*70] teaching my little grand- 
daughter • Minnie/ who I think will be quite a prodigy if she lives. 
She is eleven years old, and a very remarkable child. I have now 
seven grandchildren and five great-grandchildren. Oh ! how very 
old I do feel." 

In answer to some recent inquiries, she says : " Surely there never 
was such a poor genealogist as I am. One of my best friends, a 
granddaughter of ' Sir Harry Goring,' was in despair because she 
never could make me understand ' the Gorings,' and I was making 
perpetual blunders about them. I doubt very much whether I may 
ever master ' the Prebles,' though I mean to try. How differently 
they must feel about family lore in your part of the country to what 
they do here. In my opinion poor little Washington dates first after 
the deluge. It is almost impossible not to rust here. I wish it had 
been my fate to live in a more genial clime ; but my time is nearly 
over. It matters but little where we die." 

3. Edward Henry, the only son and youngest child of Henry Pre- 
ble, was born in Paris, France, October 3, 1805, and surviv- 
ing his father a few months, died, unmarried, at Versailles, 
France, July 14, 1826, aged 20 years, 9 months and 11 days. 
From the accounts which affection has preserved concerning him, 
he was a very intelligent youth, and bade fair to be an honor to the 
names he bore. Happily his father was spared the grief of knowing 


that his family would only be perpetuated in the female line. Writing, 
with all a father's fondness, in 1819, when Edward Henry was less 
than fourteen years of age, he says : — " I have received a most flatter- 
ing account of the progress that my little Edward makes in his studies. 
At the last examination he gained the prize of excellence in his class, 
which is the highest that is given. He also gained the second prize 
in the French language and in composition. He is very strong in 
music and has a fine taste for drawing. He speaks and writes English 
aud French equally well, and is a pretty good Latin scholar, and yet 
he is only twelve years of age. I hope he will one day be an orna- 
ment to his name ; he certainly bids fair for it." 

Writing again in 1822, his father speaks of Edward as preparing 
himself to be a merchant, and adds: — "He writes me in Spanish, 
French and English, all equally well." 

The story of Edward Henry's brief life is continued in a letter writ- 
ten by his sister Harriet in 1850, a quarter of a century after his death, 
in which she says : — " When I wrote you last, I was going to speak 
to you next of my dear brother Edward, whose untimely death was a 
source of so much grief to us, for there never was, I believe, a young 
man who seemed more likely to be one day an ornament to society. 
At fourteen, our Edward gave up the study of the classics, his strong 
good sense telling him it was wasting time if he meant to be a man of 
business. A friend of ours then offered him kindly the advantages of 
two years spent at the School of Commerce in Paris. 

" We had retired to Versailles with our old friend Mr. Parker, who, 
as long as he had been able, helped my father in all his difficulties, 
and being also ruined, we lived together on what little was left. 
When brother came to join us, our friend advised him to give all his 
attention to mathematics. He went deeply into that study, it was 
congenial to his fine strong mind. He used to spend hours and hours 
reading in a hammock, which he had suspended to some trees in our 
garden, and in three or four years went through a course of reading 
that very few young men ever think of. He never went out but to 
his lesson, or to walk in the forest. In the evening he enlivened our 
home by playing on his flute, for at least two hours, by which we 
think he injured his lungs, for he had such a splendid talent (though 
self taught), and his execution was so amazingly rapid, that it re- 
quired great powers, but as he had never had a day's sickness, it was 
hard to convince him of it. One day, he had been poring over large 
maps on the floor for several hours, and after much stooping he felt 
tired, and threw himself on the sofa in the library. It was spring- 
time, the window was open, it began to rain, but he slept soundly, 
and we did not miss him. When he awoko it was with a dreadful 


sensation of fulness in his head. The headache increased and the doc- 
tor was sent for. He gave him but small doses of medicine, when no 
doubt he ought to have bled him. He began to cough ; in a few weeks 
he bled at the lungs, and after seven weeks of galloping consumption, 
we lost our treasure. He was truly one to us — the joy of the present 
— the hope of the future." 

In communicating the sad news of his death to her sister, Mrs. Bar- 
low, in America, under date of Aug. 9, 1826, which is published in 
her Memoirs, she says : — 

" I sent you on the 25th of last month, a letter which must have struck 
grief to your heart, my beloved sister. I had concealed from you the ill- 
ness of our Edward, because my heart was filled with confidence in his 
strength and in his youth. I little thought of the necessity of pre- 
paring you for the dreadful loss that we have sustained. Fate has de- 
ceived our hopes, and we have the agony of weeping for one who, in 
the course of nature, should have survived us all ! Ah ! my poor sis- 
ter, what must you not have felt at such unexpected tidings ? Could 
you have believed that only two months of sickness would have car- 
ried off our young protector ! the joy of our family. Time, instead of 
reconciling me to the thought, only makes it more bitter and more 
insupportable. I try to hide from my mother what is passing in the 
bottom of my heart, but nothing can console me for the thought that 
she is deprived of that dear child, who could be so useful to her, who 
knew how to charm and embellish her life, whilst a feeble crea- 
ture like me, sad and discouraged, without physical strength or 
spring of moral energy, I remain to her! Deprived of all power, 
except that of feeling with her the whole extent of our misfortune, I 
cannot describe to you how terrible is my awaking, and how much 
I feel that I am not fitted for the world ; when I compare myself with 
what Edward was, the grief that I experience is doubly bitter. Ah, 
my sister, he was so worthy to live ! Could you but have known his 
strong and elevated mind, what energy there was in that young soul; 
his intellect was of such a superior order that he could have succeeded 
in anything ; he possessed such firmness, and the purity of his principles 
was extreme. He was so much the man (as Louisa says in her letter 
to me), he was so constituted to run a noble career, his principles were 
so pure, his understanding so vigorous ! He had such a well balanced 
mind, and such good health, that everything in him gave promise of a 
long life. * * * And in all this we have been deceived ! and we 
are lost to each other forever ! I cannot tell you how forcibly each 
gesticulation, his words, his appearance, will present themselves be- 
fore me. I could not repress a smile at all his drolleries and amusing 


ways. * * * No one seemed more full of life than he did ; he 
seemed, indeed, to have a superabundance of animal spirits ; his gaiety- 
was ever ready to peep out whenever there was a truce to serious 
studies, unless he was in the vein to converse like a philosopher, for 
no one could have clearer ideas, and an easier flow of words ; it was 
just these opposite qualities which gave such a piquancy and origi- 
nality to his disposition. * * * I cannot deny myself the melan- 
choly pleasure of describing to you this charming character. Alas ! 
the remembrance of his spotless life is all that is left to console us." 

On learning the sad event, General Lafayette, through an intimate 
friend of the family, who enjoyed, from his proximity to them, frequent 
opportunities of seeing the mother and sister, thus presented his sym- 
pathy : — " With equal surprise and grief, my dear friend, I have heard 
the melancholy event, for which I most deeply sympathize with you. 
Far was I from thinking this fine and justly beloved young man was 
doomed to such an untimely fate, and you to the calamity of mourn- 
ing for him. Be pleased to mention me very affectionately on the 
lamentable occasion, to the unhappy mother and sister. My son «md 
family join in those feelings, the expression of which I offer to you all 
with a sorrowing heart. 

" Lafayette. 

"La Grange, Juhj 19, 1826." 

In another letter, addressed to Col. and Mrs. Bomford, the General 
thus alludes to his death, and the family at Versailles : — " Nothing 
from them has reached me since I received an answer to my condol- 
ing letter after the melancholy death of young Preble, a great loss, in- 
deed, to them, for he was a most promising youth." 

Grandchildren of LTenry and Frances (Wright) Preble. 

Children of Thomas and Frances Anica (Preble) Barlow. 

Frances Emma, b. at Kalorama, near Washington, D. C, June 

20, 1818 ; m. Iliigh Wilson, April, 1837 ; d. at AVashington, 

Penn., Feb. 12, 18-15, aged 27 years. 
Anica, b. in Alleghany City, Penn., May 29, 1821 ; m. John 

D. Chambers, of Washington, Penn., April, 1856, where she 

now (1870) is living. 

*y c 


3. Harriet, b. in Alleghany City, Nov. 19, 1824 ; d. at Versailles, 

France, March, 1827, aged 3 years. 

4. Francis Joel, b. in Pittsburgh, Penn., Feb. 2, 1828 ; d. unmar- 

ried at Ballerat, Australia, June 17, 1854, aged 26 years. 
He was a graduate of Washington College, Penn. Studied 
medicine with Dr. Lemoyne, and received his diploma from 
the Philadelphia Medical School. He practised his profession 
for a while after completing his studies, at West Manchester, 

The following acrostic, by a young friend and companion, will show 
the estimation in which he was held : — 

"Frank by name, and frank by nature, 
Rich in wit, and shrewd in feature, 
A gentleman in word and deed, 
No petty meanness in his creed 
Kindling kindred with where'er 

Join his friends to banish care. 

Barlow, of ' Columbiad ' fame, 
Arise to keep alive that name ; 
Reveal it in each noble aim, 
Lioving country with poetic flame, 
Oppression's foe with spirit free. 
"Wake Barlow, and a Barlow be ! 

Make Joel's worth a lamp to thee 
Deserving of posterity. " 

5. Frederick Stephen, b. at Alleghany City, Penn., Aug. 4, 1830; 

d. unmarried, Aug. 5, 1864. He was a graduate of Washing, 
ton College, Penn. 

In 1858, he was clerk of the steamer Denmark, one of the regular 
line between St. Louis and St. Paul's. About this time he invented a 
sewing and button-hole machine, which a gentleman of New York un- 
dertook to get patented at his own expense, on consideration of shar- 
ing in all the profits. 

In 1859, he obtained the situation of first clerk on a fine steamboat 
in the Red River trade, with a salary of $100 per month. He re- 
ceived the message giving an account of his father's death, the very 
day he was to leave Pittsburgh ; providentially, there being so many 
boats loading for New Orleans, his boat was delayed, and he returned 
to pass several days at home. 

He entered the United States Navy, as a Third Assistant Engineer, 


June 22, 1860. Served first on board the Anacosta, in the Chesapeake, 
and next on board the U. S. Steamer Sumpter, on the west coast of 
Africa, until her return to the United States, when he was ordered to 
the Steamer Kanawha, one of the ninety day gunboats attached to the 
West Gulf squadron, under Flag Officer Farragut, and chiefly em- 
ployed on the blockade off Mobile. He was promoted July 30, 1862, 
to the grade of 2d Assistant Engineer, and sometime the following 
year was ordered to the steam gunboat Owasco, a sister vessel to the 
Kanawha, as her Senior Engineer. While attached to the Owasco, 
when it was decided to attempt the capture of Mobile and its defences, 
an officer of experience being required as Senior Engineer, he volun- 
teered to go on board the monitor Tecumseh, Commander T. A. M. 
Craven, the leading vessel of the Fleet in the Bay Fight, August 5, 
1864. His services, after being twice declined, on the Senior Engi- 
neer of the Tecumseh being taken sick were accepted, and he went 
down in that vessel, at his post, when she was sunk on that memorable 
morning, at forty minutes past seven o'clock. 

The Tecumseh was struck by a torpedo and sunk, very rapidly, 
carrying with her all of the officers and crew, with the exception 
of the pilots and eight or ten men who were saved by a boat sent from 
the gunboat Metacomet by order of the Admiral — four who got off 
to one of the other vessels in one of the boats of the Tecumseh, and two 
or three who swam on shore at Fort Morgan. The surviving officers 
of the Tecumseh, Act'g Masters C. F. Langley and G. Coterell, in their 
official statement of the disaster, say, " When nearly abreast of Fort 
Morgan and when about one hundred and fifty yards from the beach, 
a row of buoys was discovered stretching from shore to shore, a dis- 
tance of from one to two hundred yards. It being reported to Capt. 
Craven, he immediately gave the vessel full speed, and attempted to 
pass between two of them. When in their range a torpedo was ex- 
plode;! directly under the turret, blowing a large hole through the 
bottom of the vessel, through which the water rushed with great 
rapidity. Finding the vessel was sinking, the order was given to leave 
our quarters, and from that moment every one used the utmost exer- 
tion to clear himself from the wreck. Capt. Craven was seen in the 
turret by Mr. Coterell, just before the vessel sunk." Admiral Far- 
ragut, when forwarding (his report, August 27th, says, " These officers 
are certainly in error in their statement that a row of buoys stretched 
from shore to shore, as ' we now know that the channel was entirely 
clear of torpedoes, and that the latter were placed between two largo 
buoys.' " Perhaps the buoys were stretched across the channel as 
reported, the better to conceal the position of the torpedoes placed 
between the two large buoys which the Admiral mentions. 


Mr. Brownell, who wrote a very graphic description of the Bay 
Fight, thus alludes to the sinking of the Tecumseh : 

" On in the whirling shade 

Of the cannon's sulphury breath 

AVe drew to the line of death 
^That our devilish foe had laid. 
Meshed in a horrible net 

And baited villainously well, 
Right in our path were set 

Three hundred traps of hell ! 

"And there, sight forlorn! 

There wliile the cannon 

Hurtled and thundered 
(Ah, what ill raven 
Flapped o'er the ship that morn ?) 

Caught by the under death 
In the drawing of a breath 

Down went the dauntless Craven, 
He and his hundred. 

" A moment we saw her turret, 

A little heel she gave, 

And a thin white spray went o'er her 
Like the crest of a breaking wave ' 
In that great iron coffin 

The channel for their grave, 
The fort their monument 

(Seen afar in the offing), 
Ten falhoni deep lie Craven 

And the bravest of our brave." 

Great-Grandchildren of. Henry and Frances (Wright) Preble. 

Children of Hugh and Frances Ejbia (Barlow) Wilson! 

1. Edward Preble, b. April 25, 1838 ; m. Nannie Haynes, Sept. 

24, 1869. Living in Louisville, Ky. (1870), and is General 
Freight Agent on the Lexington, Cincinnati and Memphis 

2. James, born Nov. 25, 1839 ; married Mary Leet, Nov. 25, 1862. 

Living at Locust Hill Farm, Penn. 

3. Clara, born July 4, 1841 ; married A. Todd Baird, June 8, 1865. 

Living in Washington, Penn. 


Children of John D. and Anica (Barlow) Chambers. 

1. Emma, born February 10, 1856. 

2. Anica, bofn June 2, 1858. 

3. Mary, born July 29, 1859. 

4. Henry Preble, born September 11, 1861. 

5. Harriet Barlow, b. Nov. 19, 1864; d. Jan., 1868, aged 4 years. 

Great-Great-Grandchildren of Henry and Frances (Wright) Preble. 

Children of James and Mary (Leet) Wilson. 

2* Hu^h^' } twins ' born Sept - 23 ' 1863 - 
3. Frances Emma, born June 17, 1867. 

Children of A. Todd and Clara (Wilson) Baird. 

1. Frances Emma, born April 10, 1867. 

2. Jane, born November 20, 1869. 


JOHN PREBLE, 1771-1870. 

The following account of John Preble, born about 1771, at Machias, Maine, 
and his descendants, has been furnished by his grandson, Mr. Edward Prescott 
Preble, the son of N. C. A. Preble, of Boston. 

"John Preble claimed to be a grandson of Brigadier General Jedidiah Preble, 
but was never beard to say who his father and mother were. He used to relate 
that he was left an orphan when very young, and was taken into the family of his 
grandfather, the Brigadier, who designed to give him a college education ; but 
showing no special inclination to study, he was finally bound apprentice to a 

Note. — If a grandson of Brigadier Preble, he must either have been a son of 
William, who went to sea and was never heard from, and of whom we have no 
other account ; or, as is most probable, of John (see page 141), who married 
Sarah Frost, of Machias, Nov., 1783, by a prior marriage of which we have no 
account. John, senior, died Dec. 1787, which would make the age of this John 
sixteen, at the time of his decease. There is a vague tradition at Machias, that 
John senior was married by a Catholic Priest, while it is certain by the record that 
he was married in 1783, to Sarah Frost, by John Allen, Esq., and left but one 
child by her, named Lucy, who inherited his estate. My father, Capt. Enoch 
Preble, often talked about the members of his father's family, but never, that I 
can remember, made any allusion to such a child being one of its inmates. 

G. n. p. 

John Preble, born at Machias, about 1771 ; was twice married, viz. : — 

1st, Sarah Collins, June 16, 1794,* who died 1797. 2d, Esther Collins, Dec. 
27, 1798, sister to his first wife, who died Feb. 5, 1835. He died JulyJL3, 1841. 
His children by his first marriage with Sarah Collins, were — viz. : 

1. John, b. Sept. 9, 1796 ; m. Sally Lawry ; d. Aug. 11, 1810. 

2. Sarah, died an infant. 

His children by his second marriage with Esther Collins, were — viz. : 

1. Sarah, b. Aug. 9, 1799; m. J. T. Mclntire, Nov. 26, 1811, and had no 


2. Betsey, b. June 3, 1801 ; m. Moses Eveleth, June 5, 1831, and had three 


3. Ebenezer, b. 1803; m. Fanny Getchell ; d. Jan. 23, 1838, and had three 


• This marriage was six and a half years after the death of John Preble, son of the Brigadier. 


4. Rebecca, b. Jan. 18, 1805; m. William Stinehfield ; d. Dec. 13, 1838, and 

had three children. 

5. Edward, b. Oct. 5, 1807 ; m. Sarah Piatt ; d. Jan. 3, 1838, and left no. 


6. Charles, b. July 12, 1809 ; m. Sophronia Merrill, Sept. 21, 1835. 

7. Abigail F., b. Dec. 9, 1811 ; m. ; d. April 3, 1837. 

8. Samuel L., b. Dec. 12, 1814; m. Susan Rowe, June 2, 1843 ; d. Oct. 4, 

1869, and had two children. 

9. Nathaniel C. A., b. Aug. 4, 181G ; m. Sarah B. Eveleth, August 28, 1841.- 

Is living in Boston and lias had eijrht children. 

The Grandchildren of John Preble, of Maciiias. 

The children of John and Sally (Lawry) Preble. 

1. Iluldah Jones, b. April 25, 1819 ; d. Sept. 9, 1840. 

2. Esther, b. Jan. 24, 1821 ; in. J. G. Ball, May 5, 1845 ; d. Oct; 23, 1856. 

Left two children. 

3. Sarah, b. March 5, 1823 ; m. Richard Dyer. 

4. Naomi, b. Nov. 4, 1824; d. Dec. 10, 1839, aged 15. 

5. John, b. July 22, 1826. 

6. James, b. Sept. 28, 1828 ; m. Mary E. Josselyn, Oct. 28, 1852. Has four 


7. Calvin, b. Jan. 25, 1831 ; d. Sept. 20, 1832, an infant. 

8. Rachel, b. Aug. 20, 1832. 

9. Charles Edward, b. July 10, 1834; d. Nor. 1, 1858. 

The children of Ebenezer and Fanny (Getchell) Preble. 
-, died young, unmarried. 

2. Elizabeth, m. Benjamin S. Mcintosh. 

3. , died young, unmarried. 


The children of Charles and SoriiRONLv (Merrill) Preble. 

1. Henrietta F., b. Dec. 5, 1836. 

2. Gcorgiana F., b. Feb. 4, 1839; m. Andrew G. Holmes, ami has two 


3. Abbie B., b. May 21, 1842. 

The children of Samuel L. and SU8AM (Rowk) Preble. 

1. Calista A., b. July -1, 1844. 

2. Esther B., b. Dec 5, I si:,. 


The children of Nathaxiel C. A. and Sarah B. (Eveleth) Pkebxe. 

1. Ellen F., b. Aug. 2G, 1842; m. William E. Jones, June 18, 18GG. lias 

two chddren. 

2. Edward fteee^t, b. Jan. 22, 1845; m. Maria A. Alexander, Sept. 15, 

18G9. He was Captain's Clerk on board the U. S. Gunboat Katahdin, 
at the passage of the forts below by Farragut's fleet, and subsequent 
surrender of New Orleans, and in the operations of the river subse- 
quently until July, 1SG2, when he was sent north sick; and later in the 
war, was a volunteer in the U. S. Army of the Potomac. 

3. Sarah A., b. Jan. 12, 1818; m. William P. Hill, Sept. 17, 18G7, and has 

two children. 

4. Mary L., b. Jan. 30, 1850 ; d. July 8, 1857, aged 7 years G months. 

5. LydiaT., b. June 14, 1852. G.Harriet I., b. Nov. 13, 1854. 
7. Frederic A., b. June G, 1857. S. Caroline E., b. Aug. 9, 1859. 

The Great-(5raxdchili>re\ of Joiix Preble. 

The children of James and Mary E. (Josselyx) Preble. 

1. Addie, b. Nov. 6, 1853. 

2. Esther, b. July 17, 1856 ; d. March 28, 1869. 

3. James C, b. July 8, 18G0. 4. John II., b. Dec. 2, 18G9. 

Obituary Notice of Brigadier General Jedidiah Preble, taken from the 
Salem Gazette of March 25, 1784: — 

"Falmouth, March 18, 1784. 

" On the 11th instant died here, the Hon. Jedidiah Preble, Esq., aged 77. 

"He was a gentleman distinguished in the world by the esteem and favour of 
the public, by whom he was appointed ,to several eminent stations, which he sus- 
tained with ability and integrity. As in these he gained respect, so did he also 
in the social and familiar walks of life. He was well attached to the rights of 
his country, and jealous to promote its welfare — and when, retiring from the 
scenes of time, he could do no other service to mankind, he solemnly exhorted 
all around him to be diligent in the discharge of every duty, and above all things 
to regard the glory of God, and the happiness of their souls in a future state. 

"In his last moments he expressed a firm belief in the truth of the Christian 
Religion : his mind was thereby supported with strong hopes of salvation, through 
the merits of his Redeemer — which enabled him to meet his dissolution with un- 
common patience and composure. 

"Faith hath an overcoming power; 
It triumphs in the dying hour." 

316 • APPENDIX. 


Note to Page 142. 

Jonathan Webb. — In the notice of Lucy Preble, erase the word " proba- 
bly" — so that the text will read, " Her husband was the son of the Rev. John 
Webb, born in Braintree, Mass." 

Jonathan Webb came to Falmouth from Boston in 1756, and probably soon 
after that time opened a school which he kept for several years. Commodore* 
Edward Preble was one of his scholars. He obtained the name of pithy Webb, 
because the roguish boy once put some unpalatable substance into the piths of the 
quills which, when he cut them, he had the babit of chewing. He kept school at one 
time in India St., next above the town-house, afterwards in a small building perched 
on a steep bank, where the Mariner's Church now stands (1870), on Fore near 
Exchange street ; and at another time in his house, which stood on Congress near 
Wilmot street. He graduated at Harvard College in 1754, and died soon after 
the Revolutionary struggle commenced. He had retired from school-keeping 
several years previous to his death, and kept boarders. The elder John Adams, 
when he attended court at Falmouth, which he regularly did for several years 
previous to the Revolution, always boarded with him. 

His father, the Rev. John Webb, born at Braintree, 1G87, graduated at Har- 
vard, 1708. After surviving one colleague, Mr. Thacher, and enjoying the assis- 
tance of another, Doctor Elliot, he died in peace and joy. His colleague pro- 
nounced him "one of the best of Christians and one of the best of ministers." 
He published a number of sermons between the years 1718-1739. 

Note to Page 141. 
THOMAS Oxxakd. — Since the biographical notice of Mr. Oxnard was written, 
the following interesting letter from the Rev. James Freeman, Pastor of King's 
Chapel, Boston, showing Mr. Oxnard's connection with the organization 
of the First Unitarian Society in Maine, lias come into my possession. In 
a note to Doctor Deane's Diary (page :'>7>0, it is stated that "a few of 
Oxnard's former hearers followed him to the school-house, and attended 
upon his 'ministrations ; among these were Doct. Collin's family, Doct. Erring, 
Daniel George, Enoch Ilsley, and James Dceiing." 

" Boston, lotb Uareh, 1782. 

» Dear Sir: — 1 Informed yon, Bometlme last Btunmer, that :i number of persona in Portland, 
consisting principally of Episcopalians, Intended t<> form themselves into :i Unitarian Society; 
and vim win- mi ^r ■ ><>< l thru :i< to promise that ynii wtuiltl subscribe Ave dollars annually for the 
term of five years towards the support of their ministers. The socletj i» now Instituted! I re- 
ceived Information ofil last Saturday in a letter written in me by one of its members. On the 
7th of this month, they drew op a paper, which was Immediately subscribed by several respect- 
able gentlemen; and they expect that additions will .soon bi- made to their numbers. Hie paper 
is as Follows : 


" 'We, the subscribers, being desirous of promoting the cause of true religion and (irmly 
believing the doctrine which teaches the existence of one God only, humbly conceiving it to be 
not only rational but ecanr/i'hcai, do hereby agree to form ourselves into a riliaUms lociehi hv 
the name of THE UNITARIAN SOCIETY IX PORTLAND; and do make choice of Mr 11, . '.mas 
Oxnard as our minister and publick teacher of piety, religion and morality: and engage to Day him 
for his services in the ministry so long as he shall continue to teach what we believe to be the 
principles of .Scripture and reason, and we remain members oflsaid society— the Bums annexed 
to each of our respective names. And it is hereby declared that no person shall be considered a 
member of said society, after he has signified his wish of leaving the same to the teacher in pres- 
ence of two witnesses.' ' 

" I doubt not that this intelligence will afford you pleasure. It is indeed aiKimportant event ■ 
for a Unitarian Society in so respectable and growing a town as Portland, will have a great ten- 
dency to disseminate the principles of rational Christianity. 

"The Society has determined at present to make use of the chapel Liturgy. I have advised 
them to adopt Lindsay's, and perhaps they may do it at some future period. Atmy reouest there 
was a meeting of our church yesterday, and it was unanimously voted to present to the Unitarian 
Society of Portland, fifty copies of our prayer book, and also a large folio Bible. ♦ 

" Mr. Oxnard has written me, desiring me to furnish him with a few volumes of good sermons 
to be read in his church. My collection of sermons is very small, consisting only of Tillotson's, 
Sherlock's, Foster's, Mayhew's, the sermons preached at the Boylean Lectures (abridged). Priest- 
ley's, Jebb's, Hazlitt's, Christie's, Duchal's, Sterne's, besides single discourses. If you have any 
different from these which are rational and elegantly written, you will greatly oblige me if you 
will send me a few volumes, that I may forward them to Oxnard with some of my own. You 
may be assured that g^ood care shall be taken of them, and that they shall be soon returned. 

" The Unitarians of Portland are not yet able to support their minister. They will depend in 
some measure upon the subscriptions I may procure for them in Boston and elsewhere. I have 
already obtained subscriptions for forty-seven dollars, but wish to make up the sum to one hun- 
dred. Perhaps some of your friends in Salem may be willing to contribute. I do not desire you 
to solicit their donations ; but you may, if you think proper, mention to them that there is such 
a subscription paper in Boston. Except you and one or two other intimate friends, I have not 
yet asked any person to subscribe, but the plan which I mean generally to follow is, simply to 
speak of the subscription paper iu company of those whom I suppose to be zealous Unitarians, 
and then leave them to act as they choose. 

" I have lately read in the Salem papers a controversy in which you and Fisher are said to be 
the parties. Though I feel a little hurt that you did not send me these papers, yet I thank you 
for the entertainment and instruction which your piece has afforded me. 

" With sincere affection I am, dear sir, ever yours, J. FREEMAN. 

" You will receive by this conveyance a sermon lately printed by my brother Homer. 

" Rev. William Bentley, Salem." 

Note to Page 151. 
Ebex Preble. — It appears by the Boston Directories that Eben Preble was 
doing business in 1798, on Long Wharf, Boston, and that he resided from 1798 
to 1806, at No. 26 Summer &reet. In 1806, his place of business was on Fos- 
ter's Wharf. He was a director of the Union Bank, State St., in 1803, and of 
the Boston Bank, on the same street, in 1806-7. He was also a director of the 
Boston Marine Insurance Co., from 1810 to 1813 inclusive. He was a subscri- 
ber of $1,000 towards building the Boston Frigate for the Government in 1798. 
The following vessels were built for Eben Preble by Mr. Josiah Barker, after- 
wards a U. S. Naval Constructor, viz. : — 1801, ship Levant, 257 tons ; 1802, ship 
Mary, 155 tons ; 1803, brig Charles, 170 tons ; 1801, sloop Alert, 100 tons. 

Correctiox, Page 153. 
Mart, daughter of Eben Preble, was born at Portland, Me., July 9, 1786, in- 
stead of Newport as stated ; and died at Newport, R. I. 

Note to Page 163. 
Deerixg. — Arthur, in his Dictionary of Family Names, says the " Saxon name 
of Dering comes from Dearran or Darran, to dare, bold, daring— a name 
given to an old Saxon chieftain." 


Note to Page 164. 
Log-Book op the Pkotector. — The Log-Book of the Protector is now 
(1870) in the possession of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Note to Page 232. 
Capt. Geo. Henry Preble was elected June 3, 1870, a corresponding member 
of the Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia; and June 13, 1870, 
a member of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Errata, Page 272. 
For Pius VIII. read Pius VII. 

The Preble Medal. — After page 180 was printed, I obtained impressions 
from the steel plate there mentioned as a perfect facsimile representation of the 
Medal, and have therefore substituted tbem for the less perfect wood cut from 
Lossing's History of the War of 1812. 

This steel plate was engraved by Mr. Joseph Saxton, then of the United 
States Mint, to illustrate Oodey^s Ladies' 1 Magazine for September, 1842. Ap- 
plying through a friend to Mr. Godey, he stated that the plate was destroyed 
in the great fire of Hart's buildings in 1854, together with all the plates illustrat- 
ing his Magazine prior to that date. It seems, however, to have been in some 
way preserved, for soon after a friend in New York discovered it in the hands of 
an engraver of that city — " looking very much the worse for wear, and as if it 
might have passed through a great fire." 

The cost of the gold medal, as stated in the American State papers, was 
$980.32. Copies of it in bronze were cast and distributed to junior officers, 
several of which are now in existence. 

The following is the letter of the Hon. Secretary of the Navy which accom- 
panied its presentation to Commodore Preble : — 

"Navy Department, May 17, 1S0G. 
" To Commodore Edward Preble : 

" Sir, — In pursuance of tlic resolution of Congress of the Sd of March, 1806, requesting flic 
President <>f the United states to cause a gold medal to be struck emblematical of the attacks on 
the town batteries and naval force of Tripoli, by the squadron under your command, and to pre- 
sent it to you in such manner as in his opinion would lie most honorable to you : the medal which 
will herewith he delivered to you by Lieutenant Jones has been struck. You will receive it, 
6ir, as a testimony of the important and honorable services rendered by you; and you will be 
pleased to accept an assurance of the great pleasure 1 have in the honor of presenting it to you. 
"I have the honor to be, with great respect, sir, 

" Your most obedient Servant, " R. Smith." 

It will be perceived that the medal is presented by the " American Congress to 
the able commander, Edward Preble, the defender of American commerce before 
Tripoli, 1801." It is generally the case that the day of the month on which a 
battle was fought is inscribed on the medal which commemorates it. Here we 
have only the year. The reason of this is that the Preble Medal commemorates 
not one, but five bombardments of the city of Tripoli, which took place on differ- 
ent days in the months of August and September, 1801. 




The names of the following Maine volunteers to the Union Army, from April, 
1861, to 1863, are taken from the Adjutant General's Reports of that State :— 

Prebblc, Prentice, 

, Edward, 

, Cbarles 0.,* 

Preble, Elisha T., 

, Abial E., 

, William H., 

, Rufus,* 

, Joseph,* 

, Joseph, 



-, Charles M., 

-, Preston P., 

-, Orrin, " 

-, John S., « 

-, AbrahamH., 1st Lieut., mustered out Aug. 25, 1S63 

-, Solomon H., Private, 

-, George, " 

-, Henry C, " 

-, Charles B., " 

-, Wellington, " 

-, Melvin S., " 

-, Sandford B., " 

-, (Same), Corporal, 

-, William T., Private, 

-, William J.,* 

-, Edgar W., 

-, James G., 

-, (Same), 

-, Granville A., 

-, Frederick, 

-, William H., 

-, C, 

* Deceased during the war 

Transferred to the Invalid Corps 
November, 28, 1863 

Transferred to the Invalid Corps 

December 12, 1S63. 

Died August 25, 1865, buried at 

Danville, Va. 

Co. E. 11th Regt. of Infantry. 

" I. 13th " " 

" G. 31st " » 

« H. 13th " 

" H. 9th " " 

" H. 9th " " 

" E. 7th " 

" I. 14th " " 

" I. 14th " " 

" B. 11th " " 

" I. 23th " « 

" D. 21st " " 

" D. 21st " " 

F. 21st " " 

" F. 21st " " 

" G. 20th " " 

" G. 20th " % 

" C. 21st " 

" C. 21st " " 

" C. 15th " " 

" C. 15th " .** 

" C. 15th " " 

" H. 3d " " 

" G. 17th " " 

" A. 3d " " 

" F. 1st " " 

« K. 10th " « 

" B. 9th " " 

" C. 14th " 

" F. 24th " " 

" G. 32d " " 

Dr,u?ted in 1863. 
Those marked with a (*) had served out a previous enlistment 
Preble, James, 2d Cavalry. 

-, Abiel E., 9th Infantry. 
-, John B., Unattached Infantry. 
-, Stephen B., " " " 
-, Edward, 13th " 

-, Sandford, 15th " 

* Preble, Melvin S., 15th 
, Wan-en, 31st 


-, James 0., 32d 
-, William S., 3d 
-, Elisba T., 13th 
-, James O., 2d Cavalry. 

Preble, John G., 7th Battery. 



Boston Directories— 1849 to 1870. 

1849-52. Esias Preble. 

1849. George B. Preble, Ship Carpenter. 

1849-62. Mary Preble ; in 1859 she is noted as a widow. 

1850-1870. Andrew J. Preble, Carpenter ; in 1862 in California ; in 1865, of the firm of 

Preble & Tarleton, Ship Joiners; in 1869, a Ship Joiner. 

1850-56, 1862. Francis Preble, Carpenter ; in 1859, a Wood-turner ; in 1862, a Stair-builder. 

1852, 1862. Rufus S. Preble, Stone Mason. 

1853, Charles E. Preble, Clerk. 
1853. John Preble, Dentist. 

1854-1S60. Edwin Preble, Cabinet Maker ; in 1859-60, a Stair-builder. 

1860. J. E. Preble, Sewing-rooms (Stuart & Preble). 

1863-1870. Frank F. Preble, Usher of Chapman-School ; Sub-Master Adams School. 

1849-1870. N. C. A. Preble, Merchant Tailor. 

1849-1870. James Preble, Tailor and Cutter, lives at Jamaica Plain. 

1865-1870. Edward Prescott Preble, Clerk, lives in Somerville. 

1869-1870. William E. Preble, Wood-Turner. 

1869-1870. George Preble, Shipwright. 

1868. Granville Preble, Merchant. 

1868. Joseph H. Preble, Caulker. 

Charlestown (Mass.) Directory — 1870. 

Jeremiah Preble, Blacksmith. 

Capt. Geo. Henry Preble, U. S. Navy, No. 12 Adams Street. 

Henry O. Preble, Chemist, No. 12 Adams Street. 

Ciiicaoo (Illinois) Directory — 1869. 

Eben C. Preble, Machinist, 55, 57 and 59 Canal Street. 

S. M. Preble, foreman of Saddle shop of Grant & McLean, cor. Grant and McLean Streets. 

City of New York Directory — 1869. 

John Q Preble (& Co.), Manufacturers of Envelopes and Blank Books, 54 
Franklin and 77 White Street. J. Q. Preble's house, N. J. 

Philadelphia (Penn.) Directory — 1S70. 

Edward Preble, Cutter, No. 3 Butler Place. 
Edward Preble, Plasterer, No. 1702 Coates Street. 

Omaha (Nebraska) Directory — 1870. 
Edward Preble, residence Harney, between 11 and 12. 

San Francisco (California) Directory — 1870. 

Charles S. Treble (Preble & Co.), dwelling S. Fourteenth Avenue, betwecu N. and P. 

South S. F. Pickle manufacturers, 108 Sacramento Street. 
Francis Preble, Stair-builder, with Brown & Wells, dwl. 3 Martin's Block. 
Frank K. Preble, Salesman, with Pcrcival II. Cotlin & Co. 
William II. Preble, Carpenter, with 11. C. League 25 Post. 

London (England) Directory. 
Elgar Prebble, 13 Carleton Place. 

Elgar James Prebble, IJ HildrOD Crescent. 

George Prebble, Queen's Place, Kensington Road. 

The Directories of the following American cities for L869-70, which I have ex- 
amined, contain none of the name, viz.: — St. Louis. Milwaukee, Detroit, Pitts- 
burgh, Buffalo, Providence, Salt Lake Citj and Sacramento. 


" Lord Campbell considered a good Index so essential to every boolc, that lie once proposed 
to deprive every British author who imblished a boolc -without one of the privilege of a copy- 
right.'" M 


Act against lying, 1647, 7 

Act concerning observance of the Lord's Day, 

1659, 8 
Act proposed 17S2 concerning observance of the 

Lord's Day, 89 
Administration on the estate of Abraham Pre- 
ble, 9 
Admiral Duff, she blows up, 164 
Agamenticus, settlement of, 12 
Amory pedigree, 153 
Ancestor, the cotamon, 5 
Andrews pedigree, 262 
Androsses or Andrew's Island, 51 
Anecdote of Father Bloody, 19 

battle of Bunker Hill, 35 
Animals sacrificed at the burial of St. Aspins- 

quid, 13 
Arms — Preble family, 11 
" Tilden " 13 
" Green leaf " 246 
" Harris " 248 
Arms— a ship arrives at Dartmouth with, from 

France, 1776, 64 
Arrowsic, Indian raid on, 17 
Artillery arrived at # Fortsmouth, 68 
Autographs and facsimiles of autographs : — 
Benjamin Preble, 30 
Commo. Ed. Preble (on engraving), 162 
Enoch Preble, 184 
Eben Preble, 151 
Frances Anica Barlow, 287. 
Facsimile, Brig. Preble's diary, 62. 
Geo. Henry Preble (on photograph), 200 
Henry Preble, 265 
Harriet Preble, 271 
Jedidiah Preble, 55 
Jedidiah Preble, Jun., 130 
John Preble, 141 
Mehitabie Preble, 57 
Mary Preble, 30 
Martha Oxnard, 143 
Sally Preble, 184 
Statira Preble, 264 

Bangs, Joshua, purchases -and at Falmouth 
and removes there 1731, 57 

Bangs pedigree, 58, 245 

Barlow, Frances A nica, 287-305 — Her birth and 
marriage in France — Removes witli her hus- 
band to the United States — Description of 
Draveil, her home in France — Kalorama, her 
first American home — Alleghany City, Pitts- 

burg, Mignionette, Rosedale, Washington, 
Penu — Publication of her sister's Memoirs — 
Her son Frederick becomes an Ass't Engineer 
in the U. S. Navy and is lost in the Monitor 
Tecumseh at the Mobile-Bay Fight — Extracts 
from her letters. 

Barlow, Hon. Joel, a biographical notice of, 

Barlow, Frederick Stephen, a biographical no- 
tice of, 309-311 

Bassett pedigree, 260-61 

Baston " 250 

Board of war, members of, 1776, 64 

Boardmau pedigree, 252 

Brackett " 251 

Brig.-Gen. Preble's diary 1775-83, 61-91 
" " " letters 1775-83, 92-112 

" " " commissions, 116-121 

" " " poetry, 113-115 

" " " deeds, 122-125 

" " " inscription on his tomb, 50 

' " " " will, 57 

Burning of Falmouth, 92 

Byles, Dr. Mather, trial of, 103 

Capture of Major-General Prescott, 78 

Chapel, the Preble, 279 

City of Gorgiana established, 12 

Clarke pedigree, 253 

" Columbiad" cannon, the inventor of, 295 

Commissions, Abraham Preble as judge, 1702, 15 
" Jedidiah Preble as Lt.-Col., 1754, 110 
" " " " Colonel, 1758, 117 

" " " " Brigad'r-General, 

1759, 118 
Committee of war, 67 
Condition of the Continental army, 75 
Counterfeit notes, a bill to prevent, 67 
Cox pedigree, 240-42 
Cross " 242-13 


Davenport pedigree, 255 

Davis " 202 

Deeds, Thos. Pickering to Jed. Preble, 122 

" Joseph Bane " " " 122 

" John Preble " " " 122 

" John Stewart " " " 122 

" David Bennett " " ■" 122 

" Benjamin Bridge " " " 123 

" William Curtis " " " 123 

" Col. John Gorham " " " 123 

" Benj. Godfrey " " " 123 



Deeds, Joshua Bangs to Jed. Treble, 123, 124 
" Samuel Crockett " " " 123 
" Chris. Stone " " " 124 

" Jolin Owen " " " 124 

" Samuel Waldo " " " 124,125 
'• Moses Pearson et al. " " 124 
" Clement Jordain to " " 125,126 
" Sam'l Cobb, executor " " 125,126 
" Peter Sterrat to " " 125 
" John Furbish " " " 125 
" Samuel Plaisted " " " 125 
" Samuel Cobb " " " 126 

" Robert Allen " " " 126 

" Enoch Freeman " " " 126 
" Jedidiah Preble to Thos. Oxnard, 126 
« " " " Samuel Cobb, 127 

" Zebulon Preble to Deborah Preble, 37 
" Sarah Waldo to Jedidiah Preble, 127 
" Thos. Trott to Jed. Preble, Jr., 130 
" Thos. Thomes " " " " 130 
" Town of Falmouth to Joshua Bangs, 57 

Deering, name demotion of, 317 
" pedigree, 162 

Death of Eben Preble, 18 
" " General Waldo, 40 

Diary of Brig.-Gen. Jed. Preble, 1775-S3, 61-01. 

Distinction between men of Kent and Kentish 
men, 5 

Drake pedigree, 263 

Draveil, description of the beautiful estate 
of, 287-290 


Edward Preble (Commo.), memoir, 162-183 
Edward Deering Preble and his descendants, 

Election sermon, May 28, 1777, 69 
Emigration of Elder Nathaniel Tilden and 

family, 6 
Enoch Preble (Capt.), memoir, 184-263 
Extracts from the Journals of the Provincial 

Congress of Massachusetts, 119 

First sermon preached in Waldo Co., 49 
Flour in the several Magazines of Mass., 74 
Forts in-Boston Harbor, 1776, 65, 68 
Frances Anica Barlow, memoir, 287-305 


Gardner pedigree, 259 

Geo. Henry Preble (Capt. U. S. Navy), his me- 
moir, and descendants, 200-232 
Gold Medal to Commodore Preble, 171 
Gore pedigree, 243-245 

Grave-stone inscriptions, 13, 27, 56, 242, 253 
Grecnleaf pedigree, 246-248 


Harriet Preble's memoir, 271 

Harris pedigree, 248-250 

Hatherley, Timothy's bequest to widow Treble, 

daughter of wife Lydia, 9 
Henry Preble's memoir, and descendants, 266 
Hester Sandys and her prolilic descendants, 129 

Indian reception of C<>1. Preble, 1751, 45 
Inscriptions on gravestones, 13,27, 56, 242, 253 

IVOrye pedigree, 260 

Jook of Norfolk and bis descendants, 129 
Joshua Preble's memoir, 160-161 

Kalorama, tin- seal of Joel Barlow, 292 
Katherine Prescotl Wbrmelej 's memoir, 156-159 
Kentish men mid men of Kent, 5 


Letters of Brigadier General Jedidiah Treble, 
43, 47-48, 91-112 
" " H. Gray, 62 
" " Christopher Trebble, 11 
" " Charles L. Tilden, 13 
" " Capt. George A. Preble, 16 
" " Alexander Mclntire, 18 
" " Rear-Adm. Charles Stewart, 160 
» " " " Goldsborough, 161 
" " " " Theodorus Bailev, 161 
» " " " Charles Wilkes, "101 
" " Commo. H. Purviance, 161 
" " " Henry Adams, 161 
" " " John Pope, 161 ' 
" " Chaplain John L. Watson, 161 
" " Mrs. Statira Moult on, 161 
" " Rev. Caleb Jewett, 1S4 
" " Col. William J. Worth, 203 
" " John P. Boyd,"191 
" " John Anderson, 201 
" " George Philpot, 204 
" " Commo. Joel Abbot, 206,208-210 
" " Rear-Adm'l Sir James Stirling, 207 
" " Geo. Henry Treble, 207, 212 
" " D. B. Robertson, 210 
" " Capt. James Palmer, 217 

" Com'dr W. N. W. Hewitt, R.N.,217 
" " Capt. Edward T. Nichols, U.S.N., 218 
" " J. N. Maffitt,218,219 
" " Hon. Win. P. Fessenden, 219-221 
" " R. H. Dana, Jr., 221 
" " Capt. R. W. Shufeldt, 222 
" " Rear-Adm'l John A. Dahlgren, 226 
" " Hon. G. Welles, Secretary Navy, 229 
" " Hon. John B. Weller, 229 
" " Hon. J. W. Grimes, 230 
" " T. W. Harris, 248-250 
" " John Proctor, 251 
" " Henry Preble, 153, 205 
" " William Seaver, 134 
" " Rev. James Freeman, 316 
Lexington, commencement of the battle of, 63 
Log-book of the " Protector," 318 
Man's true fame, 1 
Massacre at Arrowsic, 1756, 17 
Masonic Lodge, 1st in New-England, 143 
Mayo pedigree, 259-260 
Mclntire row, 18 

Memoir of Abraham Preble, Senior, 5-13 
« " " " 2d, 14-22 

« " " " gd, 27-28 

" " non. William Pitt Preble, 20-21 
" " Brig.-Gen. Jedidiah Preble, 39-59 
« " deildiah Preble, dun., 130-140 
" " John Treble, 141-42 
" " Lucy Preble, 142 
'< " Martha Preble Oxnard, 143-150 
" " Ebeu Preble, 161-169 
" " Joshua Preble, 160-161 
" " Commodore Edward Preble, 102-183 
" " Capt. Enoch Preble, 184-263 
" " Statira Preble, 264 
" " Henry Preble, 266-271 
" " Thomas Oxnard, 146-148 
" " Rear-Admiral wormeley, 154-155 
" " Katherine Prescotl " 166-1B9 
" " Edward Deering Preble, 181-182 
" " (ieo. Henry Treble. 200-232 
" " Harriet Preble, 271-286 
" " BTances Anlca Barlow, 287-306 
Men of Kent and Kentish men, 5 
Men raised for the Invasion of i Sanada, 1789, 48 
Mlgnlonette, residence of the Bartows, 293 
Molloc, 38 

Moody " Hankerchlef," the origin of his smgu- 
lar habit, 19 

BfOOd] father, anecdote of, 19 
" ' Kev. Samuel | TMr~.ui), 19 

Monitor Tecumseh, 270- "■'^ 

Pinking of, 310-311 



Montagu, Edward, his descendants, 129 
Morse pedigree, 258 
Muliiken, " 258 

Name of Preble, variously spelled, 11 

Names of " with their occupations, from 

directories, 320 
Nobility, the true, 5 

Observance of the Lord's Day, act concerning, 
1059, 8 

Oxnard, Thomas, H3-150 — Husband of Martha 
Preble — His birth, marriage and death — 
Their children and descendants — His pedigree 
— Is the 3d Grand Master of F. and A. M. in 
New-England — Hep. Coll. of Falmouth — A 
loyalist — Leaves the country — His wife per- 
mitted to join him at Castine — Returns to 
Portland after the war — Is reader at the Epis- 
copal Church — Becomes a Unitarian and or- 
ganizes the first Unitarian Society of Port- 
land — His son Thomas commands the priva- 
teer, True Blooded Yankee, and requests to 
be shrouded in the American flag at his death 
— His son Henry a successful merchant. 

Oxnard, note to pp. 114, 310 


Pearson pedigree, 254 

Pedigree of the Amory Family, 58, 245 

" " Andrews " 202 

" " Bangs " 153 

" " Baston " 250 

" " Boardman " 252 

" " Biackett " 257 

" " Bassett, " 200-61 

" " Clarke " 253 

" " Cox " 240-242 

" " Cross " 242-243 

" " Davenport " 255 

" " Davis " 262 

" " Deering " 162 

" " Drake " 263 

" " Gardner " 259 

" " Gore " 24:3-245 

" " Greenleaf " 246-248 

" " Harris, " 248-250 

" " Ivorye " 260 

" " Mayo, " 259-00 

" " Morse " 258 

" " Muliiken " 258 

" " Pearson " 254 

" " Perkins " 201-63 

" " Pilsbury " 256 

" " Proctor " 250-252 

" " Quilter " 263 

" " King " 202 

" " Sandford " 263 

" " Scottow " 257 

" " Scrivner " 260 

" " Sherrard " 254 %. 

" " Stickney " 254 

" " Tilden " 6, 255 

" " Treadwell " 258 

" " Tuckerman " 257 

" " Watson " 252 

" " Worth- Whipple" 202 

People, the, required to meet on the Lord's 
Day, for religious edification, 8 

Perkins pedigree, 261-263 

Pilsbury " 256 

Poetry by Brigadier Preble, 113-115 

Portland fire, 1806, 302 

Portrait of Miss Harriet Preble, 282 

Pownal, fort, the building of, 49 

Preble, Abraham, the Common Ancestor ,5-\?, — 
His emigration with the men of Kent — Settles 
in Scituate — Marriage — Removes to York, 
Maine — Mayor of York — Councillor — Magis- 

trate — Assistant Commissioner— Treasurer— 
Associate— Administration on his estate — 
Inventory of, and distribution of the s:iinc— 
His act against lying— Probable origin of the 
name of Prebble— Family anus— Anus of his 
wife's family. 

Preble, Abraham, son of the Ancestor, 14-22— 
His birth, marriage and death— Fleeted Reg- 
ister of Deeds— Captain oi the town— His com- 
mission as Judge— Held thirteen offices of 
trust and honor — Inscription on his grave- 
stone— Designated the "Great" Abraham— 
His children — The Indian massacre at Ar- 
rowsic— " Handkerchief" Moody— Anecdote 
of Parson Moody. 

Preble, Benjamin, son of the Ancestor, 30 — His 
birth, marriage and death— Autographs of 
himself and wife— Legacy from his wife's 
father — His will— The inventory of his estate 
— Its administration— Heeds his homestead to 
son Jedidiah— His children and grandchildren. 

Preble, Sarah, daughter of the Ancest.u 
— Her birth, marriage and death — Her son 
Zebulon and his descendants— Prebles by 
reputation— Her son's deed to daughter De- 
borah — His share in the division of the town 
lands of York. 

Preble, Brigadier General Jedidiah, 43-130 — 
His ancestry, birth and death — 1st and 2d 
marriages — His share in division of town 
lands — Presented to the Grand Jury for as- 
sault — Birth place of his 1st wife's.childrcn by 
first marriage — His wife's death and burial— 
His 2d marriage — His wife's descent— Chil- 
dren of this marriage — Removes from York to 
Falmouth — Represents Falmouth in the Gen- 
eral Court — A Cant, of infantry — A Lieut. 
Colonel — His expedition to the Kennebec and 
Norridgewalk — Is second in command at the 
removal of the Acadians— His letters from fort 
Cumberland — Is commissioned a Colonel — A 
Brigadier Gen'l — At the siege of Quebec, un- 
der Wolfe — Appointed to command of fort 
Pownal — The establishing of that frontier 
fortress — Death and burial of Gen. Waldo — 
Purchase 2,700 acres of land around fort Pow- 
nel — Purchases Bang's Island — His mansion 
house — Commissioned a Justice of Peace — On 
a frolic — One of the glorious "92" — Chosen 
Councillor— Chairman of a committee of safety 
— Chosen to the chief command of Mass. 
Provincial forces — Declines — Appointed on 
the board of war — His rencontre with Sheriff 
Tyng — Leaves the Episcopal church— Is one 
of the hostages for Capt. Mowatt — His losses 
by the burning of Falmouth — Representative 
to the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts 
— His autograph — Appointed a Judge — Was 
the first white man to ascend- Mt. AVashing- 
ton— Inscription on his t^mb-stone— His diary, 
letters, commissions, poetry, deeds, &c. 

Preble, Brig. Gen. Jedidiah", obituary notice 
of, 315 

Preble, Mrs. Mehitable, 57-59— Her autograph 
— Her father and his'family, and his ancestry 
— Her will — Her children by Brigadier Preble. 

Preble, Jedidiah, Jan., son of the Brigadier, 
130-138— Birth, marriage and singular death 
— His autograph, deeds, retentive memory — 
His dream— Lines on the death of his son — 
His children and grandchildren and great- 
grandchildren— Longevity of four of his grand- 
daughters — His son Jedidiah, a religious en- 
thusiast — His singular direction concerning 
his funeral. 

Preble, John, son of the Brigadier, 111-142— His 
birth, marriage and death — His autograph — 
Is an Indian interpreter and truck master — 
Commands a company at Falmouth — Is Lieut. 
Col. of the St. Johns expedition— Frequent 
mention of him in Kidder'.- Maine and HOT :i- 
scotia in the Revolution— His children and 



Preble, 1/ucy, daughter of the Brigadier, 142 — 
Her birth, marriage and death — Her husband; 
a smi of the Rev. John Webb. 

Preble, Martha, daughter of the Brigadier, 

141-150 — See Oxnard. 

Preble, Eben, son of the Brigadier, 151-159 — 
His birth — Is four times married — His death 
— Is a selectman of Falmouth and an assessor 
— Contributes to the Massachusetts associa- 
tion — Experiments as a farmer and horlieul- 
turalist at Watertown — H is daughter marries 
('apt. afterwards Bear-Admiral Worineley, 
I{. ST. — Letter concerning the death of his son 
Eben Ilsley — His daughter Mary marries 
Nathaniel Ainory — The Amory family — bio- 
graphical sketch of Admiral Worineley — The 
grandchildren of Eben Preble— Mrs. Latimer 
an authoress — His son James Preble a civil 
engineer — His daughter Katharine Prescott's 
service on the Sanitary Commission during 
the civil war— His daughter Mrs. Curtis au- 
thoress of several plays— His great-grand- 

Preble, Eben, note to pp. 151,1 317 

Preble, Joshua, son of the Brigadier, 160-161 — 
His birth, marriage and death — children — 
Letters concerning his son Edward, as Mid- 
shipman, bom in Virginia and drowned in 
the Pacific — His daughter Statira marries 
William Moulton and is still living. 

Preble, statira, daughter of the Brigadier, sot 

— Her birth, marriage and death— Her hus- 
band's lather poisoned by his servants— Her 
children— Her husband survives her and re- 
marries — Her line extinct. 

Preble, Commodore Edward, son of the Briga- 
dier, 162-180 — His birth, marriage and death 
— Goes to Duinmer Academy— Works on a 
farm— Ships on board a privateer — Is made a 
Mid'n in the Mass. Marine and joins the 
Protector, 2(i — She engages and blows up the 
Adm'l Duff— Is chased by the frigate Thames, 
32, and escapes — On a subsequent cruise is 
captured — He is a prisoner on board the 
Jersey— Is released — Joins the Winthrop as 
1st Lieut.— Cuts out a brig at Castine— At 
peace, enters the merchant service and makes 
several voyages— Is appointed a Lieutenant 
in the l*. 8. Navy— Commands the brig Pick- 
ering — Promoted Captain and ordered to the 
frigate Essex — Is first to carry our Hag on a 
public ship around the Cape of Good-Hope — 
l)n his return from East Indies is appointed 
to command the Adams— Is relieved on ac- 
countof ill health— Is married— Is one of nine 

Captains retained at the reduction of the 

navy, 1801 — ' >rdered to command the Mediter- 
ranean squadron — His successful and brilliant 
cruise against Tripoli — Flattering letters from 
his officers— Sir. Alexander Ball and others- 
Complimented by the Pope— Transfers the 
squadron and returns home in the Adams — 
Is presented by Congress with a gold medal 

— Is the fifth Captain in 1800— His continued 

ill health — Is offered the navy agency at Bos- 
ton, Which he declines— Ordered to witness 

Fulton's sub-marine experiments al New- 
fork— Superintends building of gunboats al 
Portland —Hears of the affair of the Chesa- 
peake and Leopard— His feeling on that sub- 
ject — oilers his services to the Secretary — 

His death— Funeral honors— His bouse in 
Portland— Estimate of his character by .Mr. 
Sablm — His character by Mr. Cooper— His 
personal appearance — His biographies and 
portraits— His burial place and monument. 
7'/-. hii , Edward Deering, son of the Commo- 
dore, 181-183 — His birth, marriage and death 
— < mltuary by Hon. Charles 8. Da\ Is— Studies 
nt Portland Academy— Enters Bowdota Col- 
lege—Friend Of H. W. Longfellow — !. 
Europe and studies al the l nlversiti of Got- 
tin gen— Returns from Europe and studies 
law— Is chosen to command the Portland 

Rifle Company, and is a member of the city 
government — Is a trustee and director of 
various literary institutions — His character — 
His children and grandchildren. 

Preble, ('apt. Enoch, son of the Brigadier, 1S4- 
263 — His birth, marriage and death — Auto- 
graphs of himself and wife — The oldest ship- 
master in Portland — Memorandum of his 
voyages from 1771) to 1821 — Poetical advertise- 
ments — Diary in France — Member and presi- 
dent of the Portland Marine Society thirty- 
one years — Declines re-election — A Master 
Mason — Honorary member of Ancient Land- 
mark Lodge — Vice President of the Cumber- 
land Agricultural and Horticultural Society 
— Representative to Mass. Legislature — In- 
spector of U. S. customs — City marshal — 
Designs the seal of the city of Portland — Tem- 
perate habits — Funeral honors — Obituary 
notices in all the Portland newspapers — His 
children and grandchildren. 

Preble, Eben, son of Copt. Enoch, 197-198— His 
birth, marriage and death — Member of Port- 
land Rifle Co. — Dry goods merchant — Pay- 
master in the militia — town clerk of Gorhain 
— Postmaster — His truthfulness and probity. 

Preble, Adeline, daughter of ('apt. Enoch, 198- 
199 — Her birth and marriage — A pupil and 
teacher of the Sunday school for forty years — 
Her judgment, skill ami care in sickness. 

Preble, Etta) Bangs, daughter of Copt. Enoch, 
199-200— Her birth and death— Her talent for 
drawing and painting — Is a teacher of it — 
Her gentle character. 

Preble, ('apt. Geo. Henry, son of Capt. Enoch, 
200-2:12 — His birth and marriage — Educated 
at the public schools — His schoolmasters — Is 
clerk in a book-store, also with his father a^ a 
grocer — Is clerk again to3Ir. S. Column, book- 
publisher, Boston — About to engage in busi- 
ness for himself — Appointed a Midshipman — 
His several promotions — Makes his first cruise 
to Mediterranean in the frigate United States 
— His 2d cruise to the West Indies — Attends 
Naval School — A Passed Mid'n — Joins the 
Florida expedition — Is attached to the Bos- 
ton Receiving Ship — Appointed Acting Mas- 
ter of the St. Louis— Made Act 'g Lieut .—Voy- 
age in her around the world — Commands the 
first American armed force landed in China — 
St. Louis's service at New Zealand — Returns 
to Norfolk — Is married — Ordered in the Pe- 
trel as Acting Master — Participates in the 
siege of Vera Cruz, and surrender of Alvar- 
ado, Laguna, Tampico and Panuoo — Returns 
invalided — Promoted a Lieut. — Ordered to 
the Saratoga and returns to the Gulf— Comes 
home sick — On coast survey duty — Ordered 
to the St. Lawrence and goes to great exhibi- 
tion, 1851 — Re-ordered to coast survey — Sails 

in the Macedonian to East Indies — Perry's 
. Japan expedition — Assists in the surveys in 

Japan, fee. — Commands chartered steamers 
Queen and Confucius — lias several affairs 
with Chinese pirates— Makes sailing direc- 
tions for Shanghai — Commodore Abbot's fun- 
eral — Returns home in the Macedonian — Is 

Light-house Inspector, 1st district — Ordered 

to Boston .Navy Yard — To the Narragansett 
a- Executive! »fflcer, and goes to the Pacific — 
Ordered East at his own request— Services in 
the civil war— Com'ds the Katahdln at New 
Orlean — Com'ds the Oneida — I- dismissed 

becau etheOretO runs the blockade at .Mo- 
bile — Is restored honorably — Ordered to 

CoiuM the St. Louis — Com'ds Naval Brigade 
in South Carolina— Com'ds steamer State of 
Georgia— Rescues 700 passengers of the Golden 
Rule, from the w reck of that vessel on Ronoa- 
dor reef— Receives their thanks— Is Inspec- 
tor and Equlpml Officer, Boston >. . Y.. a ad is 
ordered to the Pacilic as Chief of Staff, and to 
Coni'd the Pensacola— Is member of several 

Societies— Ills children, their pedigree. 



Preble, Hon. William Pitt, 20-22— Parentage, 
1st and 2d marriage, death — Is a Judge — 
United States minister to the Netherlands — 
First president of the Atlantic & St. Law- 
rence R. R.— Trustee of Bowdoin College— 
His great legal ability— A prominent politician 
of Maine. 

Preble, Henry, son of the Brigadier, 265-271— 
His birth, marriage and death — Early life — 
His mercantile life, its success and disappoint- 
ments—Kindness of heart — Consul at Palermo 
— The first commercial agent of the United 
States to Turkey — His hereditary taste for 
drawing and painting — His personal appear- 

Preble, Miss Harriet, 271-2S0— Her birth, par- 
entage and death — Character — Visits Italy — 
Is blessed by Pius VII.— At Madam Campau's 
school — Her friend Mademoiselle Neuville — 
Taste for the fine arts — Translates " Cooper's 
Notions of Americans," and Bulwer's " Reb- 
els " — Extracts from her letters — Her resi- 
dences at Rosedale, Mignionette, "West Man- 
chester, Washington, Penn., &c. — Her neph- 
ews — Obituary notices. 

Preble, Edward Henry, 305-308— His birth and 
death — Excellence in studies — Talent in use 
of flute. 

Preble Medal, history of plate from which print- 
ed, with letter from Secretary of Navy to 
Commodore Edward Preble, 318 

Preble, Mary, 153; correction, 317 

Preble Chapel, 279 

Prescott, Major General, his capture, 78 

Prolific descendants of Hester Sandys, 129 

Proctor pedigree 250-252 

Provincial Congress, resolves of, 97 ^ 

Provisions granted Falmouth, 67 

Publication of Harriet Preble's Memoirs, 297 

Purchase of the ship Julius Caesar, 65 


Quilter pedigree, 263 


Repeal of the Regulating Act, 71 
Ring pedigree, 262 

Sandford pedigree, 263 

Sans Souci, the residence of Harriet Preblej 293 

Scottow pedigree, 257 

Scrivner " 260 

Sermon, the first preached in Waldo County, 49 

Sherrard pedigree, 254 

Singular directions of Jedidiah Preble, 3d, con- 
cerning his burial, 135 

Site of fort Pownal, selected, 4S-49 

Society, N. E. Historic, Genealogical, 318 
" Numismatic and Antiquarian, 318 
" Pennsylvania Historical, 318 

St. John's expedition, officers of, 71 

Statira Preble's memoir, &c, 204 

Stickney pedigree, 254 


Taxes of the County of Cumberland, 1770, 63 
Tecumseh, the monitor, 276 
Ticouderoga, state of army at, 70 
Tilden, arms, 13 

" pedigre*, 6, 255 
Tories' estates, bill concerning, 67 
Treadwell pedigree, 258 
Tuckerman pedigree, 257 
True nobility, what constitutes it, 5 


Volunteers of the name of Preble from Maine 
to the Union army, 1861-65, 319 


"Waldo, Gen'l S., his death, 49 

"Watson pedigree, 252 

"Webb, Jonathan, 142; note, 316 

"Whale-boats built for public service, 97 

What constitutes true nobility, 5 

"Williams pedigree, 255-256 

"Wilson, Mr., death of, 301 

" James, enlistment of, 301 

Will of Joseph Preble, 1732, 23-24 
" " Benjamin " 1732, 32-33 
" " Brig. Gen. Jed. Preble, 1784, 57, 128 
" " Mehitable Preble, 1805, 58 

"Wormeley, Rear-Admiral, memoir, &c, 154-65 
" Katherine Prescott, 156-59 

Worth— Whipple pedigree, 262 


York, incorporated, 6 

" Abraham Preble Mayor of, 6 



Abbot, Capt. Joel, 200, 210, 211 

Adams, Rev. Amos, 244 

" Avis Phillips, 136 

" Caroline, 149 

" Frances, 133 

" Francis, 130 

" Commodore H. A., 161 

'* IB&SiC 101 

" IJon.' John, 86, 99, 109 

" John, 136 
" John Quincy, 153 
" Mary K., 130 
" Nancy, 133-136 
" Robert M., 136 
" Samuel, 136 
" Samuel, Esq., 86 
" Statira Codman, 136 
" Captain, 78 
Addington, J. H., 15 
Aiken, Mr. 90 
Alden, Austin, 67 

" Capt. James, 215 
" Colonel, 81 
Alexander, Maria A., 315 
Allen, U. 8. A., Capt. Robert, 22 
" Jona. of Chillmark, 126 
" John, Esq., 141,313 
" Col. John, 141 
" Julia L., 242 
" Mr., 251 
" Robert, Jr., 22 
" Robert of Chillmark, 126 
" Sarab T., 242 
Amory, Nathaniel, 153 

" Family and name, 153 
" Jonathan, 153 
" Mrs. Nathaniel, 293 
" Thomas, 153 
Anderson, I\Irs. Alice, 180 
" Miss Elizabeth, 207 
" Hon. Hugh. I., US 

" John, 125 

" Hon. John, 201 

" Marv Treble, 183 

" William Henry, 183 
Andrews, Dorcas, 238, 266, 262 

" .lames, 202 

" Chaplain Nath'1, 161 
" Samuel, 202 
Anne, Queen of England, 14 
Archer, Samuel, 3d, 197 
" Agnes 1). T., 197 
,l Mr., 69 
Ashley, Simeon, M 
Asplnquld, SI. (Indian), 12-13 
Atherton, Col. A. \\\, 182 

Austin, Benjamin, 70, 120 

" Jno., 255 
Averv, John, 121 

" Job, 22 

Bache, Prof. A. D., 205 
Baden, Grand Duchess of, 272 
Bailey, Joseph, 241 
" Mr., 251 

" Rear-Adm'l Theo., 161 
Bainbridge, Commodore Wil 

liam, 108, 170, 171, 170 *- 
Baird, A.Todd, 311,312 

" Clara Wilson, 312 

" Frances Emma, 312 

" Jane, 312 
Baker, Mr., 80 
Balard, Colonel, 81 
Balcli, Commander, 226 
Baldwin, Hon. Abraham, 290 

" Miss Huth, 290 
Ball, Sir Alexander, 170-171 

" J. G., 314 
Bane, Capt* Joseph, 122 
Bangs, William, 137-140 

" Barna, 67 

" Charles Edward, 140 

" Edward, 58, 230 

" Family, 58, 248 

" Capt. Jona. 230, 259, 200 

" Capt. Joshua, 43, 60, 57, 

68, 123, 124, 125-27 

" MehitabJe,34,43,161,160, 

102, 183, 2:14, 258 

Bankes, Richard, 10 

Barbier de Neuville, Louise, 273 

Barbour, Joseph, Hi; 

" Adam, 197 

" Agnes I). T., 197 

" Annie, 197 

" Ann, 197 

" Hannah, 197 

" Harriet, 197 

" Hugh, l'.C 

" Joseph Bean, 197 

" Lucy E., 197 

" Mary, 197 
Barker, Josiali, 317 
Barlow, Mr., 207,269, 271 
" Anica, 308 

" Franoes Anica, 269, 2! 1. 
276, 287-300, 804, 807, 

" Frances Emma, 308, 311 
" Francis, 276, 277 
" Francis Joel, 800 
" Frederick, 270, 278, 300, 
301, 30-2, 304 

Barlow, Fred'k Stephen, 309 

" Harriet, 309 

" Hon. Joel, 278, 290-292 

" Thomas, 2S7, 290, 308 
Barrell, Joseph, 35 
Barnard, Mary, 258 
Barron, Commodore, 171 

" Capt. Samuel, 172 
Bartolomei, Marie Claire, 148, 

Barton, Lieut. Col., 78 
Bartlett, Caroline E., 241 

" Edwin, 241 

" Sarah, 255 
Barry, Commodore John, 165 
Bass, Benjamin, 244 
Bassett, Elizabeth, 238, 250 

" William, 250-252 

" Family, 200-61 
Baston, Mary, "11, 28, 30,234,236, 

" Thomas, 30, 123, 23G, 250 

" James, 123 

" Gersham, 30 

" Family, 250 
Batten, William, 07 
Batter, Mr., Ill 
Bay ley, Joseph. 57 
Beauharnais, Hortense, Queen 

Of Holland, 272-273 
Iieanc, II.. 29 
Bean, Joseph, 31 
' Joanna, 34 
' Jonathan, 33 
Beethoven, 295 
Bell, Bear-Adm'l H. 11., 222 
Belcher, Governor, 153 
Belsham, Mr.. 111 
Bennett. David, 122 
Benson, William, 207 
Bcntley, Uev. William, 317 
Bernard, Gov. Francis, 50 
Berthier, .'Marshall, 272 
Biddle, Commodore James, 170, 

177, 202 
Bigelow, Col., 81 
Bluings, Lieut., 47 
" sarah, 246 
Blmar, Mr., 207 
Black, Bamuel, 24 
Black Prince (the), 5 
Blakely, Captain, 177 
Blatchford, John, 164 
Bodkin, Sarah, 241 
Body, Thomas, 67 
Boiling, John, 207 
Bomford, Mrs., 282, 295-296, 308 
" Colonel. 293, 296, 308 

Bonaparte, Napol< 188, luo 

Boothbay, Jos., 07 



Bordman, Sarah, 234 
" Family, 252 
" Thomas, 236-238 
Bourn, Silvanus, 117 
Bowdoin, Hon. James, 64, 69 

82, 100 
Boyd, John P., 191 * 
Boyntou, Master, 200 

" Rev. C. B., 205, 228 
Bradbury, George, 191. 
Bradbury's, 68 
Bradford, Col., 81 
Braokett, Capt. Anthony, 238. 
252, 263 
" Family, 257 
" Mr., SI 
" Susanna, 23G 
Bracket, Joshua, Jr., 241 
Bracket's, 09 
Bragdou, -Joseph, 31 
" Mary, 28 
" Samuel, 28 
" Sarah, 28 
^Branch, Benjamin, 125* 
Brattle, General C, 62 
Bray, Capt., 80 
Brewer, Col. Samuel, SI, 106 
Brick, Mr., 81 
Bridge, Benjamin, 123 
Briggs, Serena, 139 
Bromheld, Mr., 64 
Bronte, Miss Charlotte, 299 
Brooks, Colonel, 81 

" E., 120 

" Eben, 70 

" General, 86 

" Hon. James, 200 

" Mary, 255 

" Richard, 255 
Brown, Mr. of Boston, 65 

" Archdeacon A. N., 204 

" Capt. Henry Young, 73 

" John, 66 

" Jonas, 244 

" Louisa Adeline, 148, 150 

" Mr. T., 77 

" Palmyre Marie, 148, 150 

" Rev. Thomas, 151 
Brunei, Mr., 156 
Brownell, Mr., 311 
Bryant, William C, 193 
Buckley, Captain, 104 
Bucknam, Captain, 99 
Burgess, Thomas, 261 
Burgoyne, Gen., 78, 83, 105 
Burroughs, Rev. George, 241 
Burrows, Master Com'dt, 170 
Burton, Hon. Allen A., 228 
Bushnell, Charles J., 110, 164 
Butler, Mr., Ill 

" Mary, 16 

" Major Gen. B. F., 215 

Caldwell, Com'dr C. H. B., 216 

Cames, Samuel, 23, 34 

Cammal, Colonel, 100 

Campan, Madame, 272, 273, 2S5 

Capen^Mary, 256 

Capewell, Laura, 137 
" Phebe, 137 
" William, 137 

Carey, Sarah, 249 

Cargill, Col., 49 

Carline, Joseph, 11 

Carlisle, Joseph, 11, 25 

Cams, Mr., 77, 83 

Carr, Daniel, 137 
" John, 136, 137 
" Joseph Rowe, 137 
" Moses Nowell, 137 
" Mary Rowe, 137 

Carr, Susan, 137 

" William Wallace, 137 
Chadbourne, Humphrey, 9 
Chambers, Anica, 312 
" Emma, 312 

" John D., 2S7, 30S, 312 

" Mrs. John D., 287, 294 

298, 301,304,308,312 
" Harriet B., 304 

" Harriet Barlow, 312 

" Henry Preble, 312 

" Mary, 312 

Charles, Duke of Norfolk, 129 
Chauncey, Mr., 54, 72. 104 
" Doctor, 79, SO 

" Commo., 170,'*176, 177 

Childs, Thomas, 87, 127 
Christie, Rev. Mr., 317 
Church, Doctor, 77, SO 

" Major Benjamin, 261 
Churt, Doctor, 76 
Clacken, William, 67 
Clapp, Daniel, 80 

" David, 1 
Clarke, Rev. Mr., 86 

" Andrew, 58, 236, 258 
" Family, 253 
" Capt. Frances G., 200 
" Mehitable, 43, 58, 234 
" Samuel, 58, 257 
•" " C.,58 

" .Thomas, 58, 238 
Claxtori, Captain, 77 
Cleaves, Elizabeth J., 138 
Clinton, General, 107 
Cobb, Samuel, 58, 125-127 

" .Matthew, 185 
Coburn, Mr., 10 
Cochrane, Lord, 161 
Cocke, Com'dr H. H.,203 
Cocks, John, Jr., 255 
'' Hepzibah, 255 
' Tabitha, 253 
' Thankful, 255 
' Thomas, 255 
Codman, Richard, 35, 59, 264 
" Edward Preble, 264 
" Capt. John, 264 
" Mrs. Parnell, 264 

" Richard, Jr., 264 
Coffin, Elizabeth, 153, 247 
1 Doctor, 50, 316 
' Joshua, 258 
1 Mid'u R. B., 160 
' Sally, 267 
; Tristam, 247 
1 William, 153 
Cole, Joseph, 25 

" Capt. Jacob, 185 
Colesworthy, D. C, 192 
Colman, Samuel, 200 

Holden & Co., 200 
Collins, Esther, 313 

" Sallv, 313 
Cook, Mr., 82 
Coombs, Henry, 11, 36 
Convers, Colonel, 81 
Cooper, James Fennimore, 176, 
17S, 179, 274 
' Rev. Mr., 85 
Cornwallis, Lord, 88 
Coterell, Act'g Master G., 310 
Cotting, Uriah, 249 
Coulson, Adam, 88, 89 

" Captain, 93 
Cox, Elizabeth Harrod, 233 
Family, 240-242 
Frances Ellen, 233 
Josiah, 198, 234,247 
John, 198, 200, 233, 234, 236, 

245, 252 
Susan Zabiah, 200, 234 
Thankful H., 198, 200 

[Crabtree, William, 191 

Craft, Colonel, 80 

Craig, Hugh, 67 

Crane, Colonel, 81 

Craven, Rear-Adm'I T. T., 232 

" Com'dr T. A.M., 310-11 
Crawford, Abel, 56 

" Hon. Mr., 270 

Creamer, Mid'n J., 160 
Creighton, Com'dr, 226 
Crocker, James, 24 
Crockett, Samuel, 123 
" Priscilla, 123 
Crofts, Mr., 76 
Cromwell, Oliver, 8 
Crook, Mrs. Rebecca, 244, 259 
Crosby, Dorothy, 250 
Crosman, Lieut.-Com'dr, 226 
Cross, Family, 242-243 
George, 236 
" Hannah, 35, 59, 160, 161 
" Robert, Jr., 236, 258 
" Sally, 35, 59, 191), 234 
" Thomas, 234 
Crosses, 85 
Cunningham, James, 249 

" Thankful, 249 

Curtis, Daniel 8., 159 
Hannah, 244 
Osborne S., 159 
Ralph W., 159 
Samuel, 244 
Thomas, 10 
William, 123 
Cushing, N., 121 

Caleb, 70,203 

John P., 153 

Rev. John, 242 

Mr. Thomas, 65, 70, 75, 

Mr., 58, 151 
Colonel, 81 


Dahlgren, Rear-Adm'l J. A., 222> 

224, 225, 226 
Dale, £ ommodore, 177 
Dalrymple, Colonel, 51 
Dalton, Mr., 65 
Dana, Francis, 70 

Jr., R. H., 221 
Mr., 74 

Commander, 226 
Danielson, Brigadier, 77, 120 
Davidson, Timothy, 70 
Davies, Ebenezer, 78 

Hon. Charles S., 181 
Davis, Deacon, 65 

Abigail, 238, 25G, 262 
Ann, 262 
Consul, 169 
Jonathan, 262 
Mary, 260 
Tobias, 262 
Davenports at Newbury. 69 
1 Ebenezer, 238 

Familv, 255 
[ Tabitha, 236, 241 

Davoust, Marshall, 272 
Deane, Hon. Silas 80 

" Rev. Doctor Samuel, 49, 
53,84, 162, 165,200, 316 
Deblois, Thomas Amory, 162 
Decatur, Coniuio. 8., 170, 170, 

177, 293 
Deering, Marv, 35, 59, 162, 168 
Arthur, 317 
Family, 102-63 
James, 316 
Mr.. 86 

Nathaniel, 162, 180 
De Grand, Clurice, 145 



De Grasse, Count, 88 
Denney, Colonel, 81 
Denlson, General, 243 
Derby, Mary, 35, 59, 151 

" Betsey, 35, 59, 151 

" Elias H., 207 

" John, 2CG 

" Major, 35 

" Richard, 70, 151 

" Captain, 30, 85 
Dering, George, 102 
. " Humphrey, 162 

" Sir Edward, 162 
Derrick, Michael, 261 
Dessaix, Marshall, 272 
Desilver, Robert, 211 
Devens, Lt.-Coni'dr Ed. F., 229 
Dickenson, Hon. Mahlon, 201 
Dodge, Sarah, 250 
Dole, Sarah, 240 

" Richard, 247 
Doolb, Richard, 67 
Donald, Thomas, 28 
Donuel, Timothy, 26 
DonneU, Samuel, 25 
Douglass, Esq., 70 
Drake, Abraham, 257 

" Family, 263 

" Susanna, 23S, 257 
Drayton, Lieut. Wm. S., 202 
Drinkwater, John, 07 
Duchal, Eev. Mr., 317 
Dudley, Joseph, Esq., 15 
Dunsmore, Doctor, 06 
Dupay, C. E. (2d mate), 160 
Dupont de Nemours, 292 
Dustin, Betsey, 242 
D wight, Captain, 90 

" Timothy, 252 
Dyer, Capt. Lemuel, 50 
" Richard, 314 


Edward III., 6, 13 
Edwards, Timothy, 70, 120 

" M.A., 229 
Eliot, Doctor, 73, 84 

" Samuel, 86 
Elliot, Com Mr J. D.,202 

" Doctor, S16 
Ellis, Sirs. Sarah Stiekney,254 
Elwell, Capt. Henry, 184 
Emery, Hon. Nicholas, 20 

" Daniel, 89 
Emerson. Edward, 89 
Erring, Doctor, 316 
Ervin, ( laptain, 76, 80 
Eveleth, Moses, 313 

Sarah 15., 314,315 
Everett, Moses, 214 
" Otis, 244 


Farnham, Charlotte, 140 
Farragut, Adm'l D. <;., 215,210, 

220, 222, 230, 231, 304, 310 
I . — .M.i.ii, Hon. Wm. 1'., 102, 


Flllebrown, Commander, 220 
Firman, Thomas, 260 
Kilts, D.,264 
Fisher, Mr., ::17 

Jabez. 70 
Flint, Nathaniel, 130 

family, 139 
" Dr. John,24G 
1 'low if, William ^ Norroy), ll 
■ .'in, 1'.; 

1 ■•! , Mr ., of Greenland, 09 

I li, Harah, 21 
" I'Ihuiiii-, 21 

Foster, Mr., 107 

" Maj.-General J. G., 227 
" Rev. Mr., 317 
" Timothy, 256 
Foot, Thomas, 67 
Fox, Charles, 187 
" Ebenezer, 164 
" Jabez, 146 
" John, 146 
Foye, Colonel Peter, 83 
" General, 01, 98 
" Major, 47, 48 
Francis, Colonel, 06, 81 
Franklin, Dr. Benj., 80, 103, 143 
Maj.-Gen. Win. B., 211 
Fraser, Major, 73 
Freeman, Colonel, 54,93 

" Enoch, 55, 94, 96, 97, 

119, 121, 124, 126 
" Homer, 317 
" Joshua, 124 
" Rev. Dr. James, 140, 

316, 317 
" Mr., 104 
" Samuel, 98, 99, 144 
Friend, Capt. Win., 164 
Frost, Charles, 24, 31 

' Sarah, 35, 42, 59, 141, 142, 
Fuller, A., 120 
" J. F., 22 
" Major, 70 
Fulton, Robert, 173,291 
Furbish, John, 125 


Gage, Capt. Reuben, 185 
" Lieut. Benjamin, 254 
" General, 53, 119 
Gardner, Family, 259 

" Henry, 70 

" H., 120 

" John, 238 

" Sarah, 230, 244, 259 
Gates, General, 110 
11 Martin, 140 
Gee, Jno., 255 
Genniss, William, 252 
George II., 34, 49, 110, 117, 118 
George, Daniel, 310 
Gernsh, Elizabeth, 247 

" William, 247 
Getchell, Fanny, 313 
Gill, Moses, 70, 76, 120 
Gilman, Andrew, 16 

" Abigail, 28, 32 
Gllkey, James, 07 
Given, Robert, 67 
Gladstone, William E., 21 
Glover, Mr., 77 

Colonel, 64, 66 
Godey, Louis A., 318 
Godfrey, Benjamin, 123 

" Daniel, 123 

" Edward, 0, 12 
Gokelin, Mr., 271 
< loldsborougb, Rear-Admlral 

1.. M., l'.l 
Goldthwait, Colonel, 98 
Goodale, Joanna, 243 
Gooding, mi 
Goodrlcn, Captain, 90 
Goodwin, Ablll, 24 

" Aina/.iali, :;i 36 

" Benjamin, 34 

" Bamui 1, 34, 36 
Gooking, Elisabeth, 247 
1 ...1 .Ion, Nathaniel, ..^ 
i iore, (Tamil) , 243- 246 

Jeremiah, 234, 242, 269 

John. ■ .. ■..' 

Thankful B., 198, 2:11, 212 

Gore, Samuel, 236, 256 
Gorges, Thomas, 

" Sir Fernando, 6 
Gorham, Colonel John, 123 
Goring, Sir Harry, 305 
Gouch, Mr., 62 
Gowell, William, 67 
Gracie, Anna Maria, 148 
Grant, President, 231, 304, 305 
" Catharine, 241 
" James, 33 
" Joshua, 35 
Graton, Colonel, 79, 81 
Graves, Admiral, 54 

" John, 57 
Gray, Allen Gates, 01 
" Ellis, 00 

" Harrison, 00 . 

" H., 01 
" Mr., 77 
" Mrs., 05 
" Treasurer, 62 
" William, 59 
Greeley, Capt. Eliphalet, 180 
Greenleaf, Capt. Amos, 185 
' Benjamin, 70 

Captain, 88 
1 Family, 240-48 

Joseph, 234, 230, 241 
Mr., 18 
; Susan, 198, 234, 241 

Green, General, b5 
Grimes, Hon. J. W., 230 
Groo, Colonel, 85 
Gurney, Alpheus, 245 
Guerrero, Diego, 148 


Haddock, Hon. Charles, 205 
Hadlock, Smith C, 138 
Bailey, Captain, 145 
Haines, Nannie, 311 
Hale, Nathan, 123 
Ballet, Richard, 253 
Hall, John 11., 204 
Mr ,74 

Willard Treble, 204 
Hamilton, Hon. Paul, 231 
Hammond, John, 29 

" Joseph, 14 

Hancock, Hon. John, 79, 144 
Barraden, Sailing-Master, 168 
Barmon, John, " s 
Barnden, Elizabeth, 16 
" Mary, 10 
" Biig.-General, 16 
Harris, Thankful, 234,242 

" Family, 24^-oo 

" Sally, 269 

" Stephen, 284, 236, 238 
Barrod, Deacon Joseph, 241 
Barvey, Rebecca. 16 
BaskelL Benjamin, 07 
Hatch, Brig.-Gen. .1. 1'., 224, 227 
Bathaway, Jacob, 108 
Batherley, Lydia, 9 

" ' Tinuitliv, 0, 9 
Batler, Myley, 29 
Baven, Rev. Doctor, 146 
Hawkins, ( Ihrlstopher, 164 
Bayward. Lieut., 220 
Hazen, Ruoda Bai rlel . 242 
Bazlitt, Rev. Mr., 317 
Bend, James, 
1 1, at li, Hannah, 244 

General \\ llliam, ; 1, 86, 
87, 100, 1 1'.' 
Benley, Capt. J. l>., 160, 161 
Henry VIII.. 1 I 
Benshaw, Mr., 1 W 
11. wett, 1;. .v. Com'dr W. N. 

\\ ., 217 



Hichborn, Miss, 204 
Higgius, Mr., Navy- Agent, 1G9 
Hillar, Lieut. B., 107 
Hill, Mr., 80 

" John, 117 

" William P., 315 
Hills, Elizabeth, 247 
Hinckley, Kben, 07 
Hitchcock, Captain, 215 
Hobbs, Josiah, 255 
Hodgden, Mr., 80 
Hodgkins, Samuel, 241 
Hog, Captain, 92 
Holland, Thomas, 244 
Hollan, Colonel, 71 
Holley, Rev. Horace, 242 
Holman, Captain J., 267 

" Colonel, 81 
Holmes, Andrew G., 314 

" Kebecca, 153 
Holt, Joseph, 49, 123 
Holten, Samuel, 70 
Hood, Richard, 201 
Hopkins, Daniel, 120, 123 
Hortense, Queen of Holland, 272, 

273, 295 
Hosmer, Captain, 71. 73 
Hovey, General Amos, 197 

" Deacon Joseph, 234, 254 

" Family, 248 

" John, 230 

" Lucy, 234, 242 

" Luke, 236 
Howard, William, 75 

" Rev. Mr., 77, 83, 86 
" Sarah, 25 
Howe, Colonel, 81 [105 

" General, 79, 100, 102, 104, 

" Submit, 255 

Howell, , 16 

Hull, Commodore Isaac, 170, 170 
Hunnewell, Richard, 191 
Hunt, Com'dr T. A., 212 
Hutchinson, Mr., 107 
Hyde, Mary, 245 

Ilsley, Almira, 162 
" Charles P., 194 
" Dorcas, 35, 59, 151 . 
" Mr.D.,99 » [242, 316 

" Enoch, 120, 127, 151, 10: 
Ingalls, Lydia, 29 

" Mr., 29 
Ingraham, Edward, 19 
" George, 25 

" Joseph P., 191 

" Lydia, 19, 20 

Ivorye, Ann, 200 

" Dorcas, 236, 248 
" Thomas, 200 

Jackson, Gen. Andrew, 20, 192 

" Edward, 249 

" Colonel Henry, 81 

" Jonathan, 06 

" Mr., 04 
Jacobus, Mr., 280 
James I., 129 
Jardin, Jeremiah, 07 
Jebb, Rev. ill-., 317 
Jenkins, Mary, 38 

" David, :s 

" Robert, 86 

" Capt. Thornton A., 218 
Jewett, Rev. Caleb, 184 
Jock of Norfolk, 129 
Johnson, Edward, 7, 21 1 
Imcinda, 139 

" Captain, 252 

Jones, Ann, 204 

" Caleb, 208 

" Jabez, 67 

" Commo. Jacob, 170 

" Commo. J. Paul, 176,205 

" Lieut., 318 

" Mons., 267 

" Mr., 107 

" Nathan, 71, 81 

" Nathaniel, 70 

" Phineas, 204 

" William E., 315 
Jordan, Clement, 82, 125, 126 

" Mary A., 138 

" Robert, 8 

" W. H. S., 201 

" & Wiley, 201 
Josselyn, Mary E., 314 ' [27i 
Josephine, Empr. of the French 
Joyce, John, 231 
Junkins, Alexander, 42 

" Martha, 34, 35, 42, 59, 
140, 141, 142 

" Samuel, 19 

Kane, Michael, 229 

Kelly, Hannah, 11, 13, 14, 10, 20 

Kennison, Lieut., 226 

Kennon, Capt. Beverly, 202 

Keenan, Gen. James, 207 

Kent, Sarah, 247 

Killian, Mr., 274 

Kimball, J.'E., 256 

Kimball's, 68, 85 

King & Gracie, of N. T., 270 

" Mr. Charles, 299 

" Mr. James, 281 

V Joanna, 28 
King of the Netherlands, 20 
Kirkland, Mr., 153, 179 
Knowles, Charles, 43 
Kossuth, Louis, 279 

Lafayette, General, 274, 2S9, 308 
L'Amaury, Montfort, 153 
Lambeth, Richard, 
Landais, Captain, 177 
Lander, Capt. Joseph, 134 
" Content, 134, 137 
Lane, Captain John, 90, 97 

" Frederic, 104 
Langdon, President, 61 
Langley, Abel. 238,257 

Act'g-MasterC. F.,310 
" Sarah, 252, 257 
Lathrop, Rev. Mr., 73, 200 

" Susanna, 253 
Latimer, Caroline, 159 

" • James Brandt, 159 
" Randolph, 155. 159 
" Ralph Randolph, 159 
Lawrence, Capt. James, 170, 173 

170, 177 
Lawry, Sally, 313 
Leach, James, 07 
Lear, Col. Tobias, 109, 171 
Leaver, Thomas, 254, 263 

" Prudence, 254, 203 
Leeds, Daniel, 244 
Lee, Mr., 80 

Colonel, 81 
General, 99, 100, 104 
Prof. R. II., 271, 270,297 

Leeman, Nathaniel, 31 

Mary, 31 
Leet, Mary, 311 
Lei th, Major, 66 
Lemoyne', Dr.. 309 
Lewis, George W., 246 

Lezenby, Thomas, 255 
Libbey, Ellison, 243 

" Deacon Joseph, 200 

" Matthew. 07 

" Thomas, 67 
Lincoln, President Abraham, 228 

" General, 111 
Lind, Jenny, 279 
Lindsey, Mr., 144 
Linscut, Joseph, 07 
Little, Colonel, 71, Ml 

" Capt. George, 105 
Livermore, Dea, Jonathan, 219 
Lock, Captain, 89 
Logan, ilr., 292 

Longfellow, Alexander W., 181 
Ellen, 22 

" Henry W., 22, 43, 

Stephen, Jr., 22, 181 

" " 22,43,126,181 

" William P. P., 22 

Loring, Master, 200 
Louis Napoleon, 272 
Louis XV L, 291 
Lovett, General, 81 
Lowell, Polly, 247 
Lower, Mark Antony, 103 
Low, Daniel, 123 

Job, 123 
Lowry, Lt.-Com'dg R. B., 214 
Lucas, Benjamin, 26 
Luce, Com'dr S. B., 226 
Lunt, Joshua, 89 
Lyude, George, 144 

Mabury, Richard, 07 
Mackares, Mary, 247 
Mackworth, Arthur, 202 
Maffitt, Capt. J. N., 217, 220 
Mahar Family, 142 
John, 141 
Lucy, 141 
Main, Rachel, 25 

John, 25 
Manly, Commodore, 104, 100 
March, Colonel, 9.3, 90 
Marin, Com'dr M. C, 223 
Marshall, Mid'n R., 100 

Colonel, 81 
Marsh, Doctor, 47 

" Dr. Abel, 80 
Massena, 272 
Mather, Mr., 251 
Matthews, Lt.-Com'dr E.O.,22G 
Maxwell's, 08 
Mayhew, Rev. Mr., 317 
Mayo, Family, 259-200 
Rev. John, 246 
" Mary, 230, 240 
" Samuel, 246 
" Thomasine, 236, 247 
Mc Allen, Joseph, 87 
McAlen, Captain, 64 [177 

McDonough, Commo., 170, 170, 
McGill, Doctor, 280 
Mclleiirv, lion. James, 160 

Doctor, 76 [36 

Mclntire, Alexander, 17, 18,35, 

.). T.. 313 

Micuni, 18 

Hon. Rulus, 18 
Mcintosh, 26; 

Benjamin S., I"l 
McKeever, (apt. Isaac, 204 
McLaughlin, Lieut. J. T., 202,203 
McLellan, Capt. William, 99 
McNeil, Captain, 106 
McNutl Deborah, 197 
Meigs, Quartermaster 1 .en. 15/ 
.ih 11 ni Kent, 5 



Merrill, Abel, 258 
" Harry, 162 
" Orlando B., 167 
" Sophrpjiia, :U4 
" Susanna, 238, 258 
Merritt, John A., 245 
Messenger, Rev. Kosewell, 20 
Metealf, John, 25(3 

" Mr., 66 
Middleton, Comrao. Ed., 232 
Milburv, John, 24 
Millar, Charles, 112 

" John, 124, 125 
Millbury, Samuel, 23, 24 
Milk, Deacon James, 102 

" Dorcas, 102 
Mitchell, David, 121 
" Joshua, 136 
" Joshua's family, 139 
" Jonathan, 67 
" Samuel, 07 
Mitton, Michael, 257, 202 
Montagu, Lord, 129 

" Sir Edward, 129 
Moody, Enoch, 130 

" Joseph (Hdkchf.), 17, IS 

" Joshua, 247 
" Mr., 09, 251 
" Nathaniel, 51 
" Parson, 17, 42 
" Rev. Samuel, 17, 31 
" Oapt. Samuel, 202 
Morris, Commo. diaries, 170 

" II. W., 210 
Morrison, John, 207 
Morrough, Dennis, 57 
Morse, Anthony, 07 

" Benjamin, Jr., 238 
" Family, 258 
" Mary, 230, 247 
Morton, (apt. Briant, 97 
Moseley, Ebenezer, 140 
" . Collector, 67 
" Thomas, 124 
Motherwell, Thomas, 17 

" Mary, 17 

Moulton, Daniel, 37 
" Hannah, 37 
" Henry, 38 
" Jeremiah, 123 
" Joseph, 33 
" Martha, 28 
" Mary, 38 
" Lieut. -Col. Noah, 00 
" Statira, Mrs., 161 
" Wm., 101 
93, 94, 98, 162 
Mowatt, Capt. Henry, 49, 54, 92 
Miiclimore, Sarah, 29 
Mullany, Com'dr J. R. M., 222 
Mullekhi, Family, 258 
" Mary, 230, 254 
" Robert, 238 
Munjoy, George, 9 
Murphy, Consul R. C, 209 
.Murray, Captain, 172 
Murat, Joachim, King of Na- 
ples, 272 
Mussey, Harriet M. T., 22 
" John, 22 


Napier, Rear-Adm'l Sir Charles, 

Napoleon Bonaparte, 272 

" III.. 272, 20S 
Xeal, James, 19] 
Newella at Lynn. 69, 86 
Nichols, Mrs' Alice, 263 
" Captain, 17 
• Capt. Edward i., 218 

Nichols, Rev. Icbabod, 19S, 200, 

Nicholson, (apt. Samuel, 100 
" Captain, 172 

" Com'dr Win. C., 205 

Nixon, Colonel, 81 
Noble, Arthur, 149, 150 
North, Captain, 09 
Nott & Callender, 153 
Nowell, Abraham, 28, 29 
" Humility, 29 
•" Nathaniel, 29 
" Samuel, 29 
Noyes, David, 07 

" Capt. Joseph, 84 
" Josiah, 67 
" Mr., 250 
" Peter, 144 
" Colonel T 




Oates, Alen, 64 

Samuel A., 60 
O'Kane, Lieut., 220 
Oliver, A., 117 
Olmstead, F. L., 157 
Orn, Colonel, 65, 71, 75 
Osgood, Mr., 77 
Otis, Mr., 77 
Osborn, John, 143 
" Sarah, 143 
Ondinot, Marshal, 272 
( )wen, John, 1^4 

William, 102 . 
Oxnard, Edward, 114 

" and family, 14( 

" Edward 3d and family, 

150 [ [60 

" Ed. Preble and famUy 

" Harriet C. and family 

" Henry A. and family 

" . Henry and family, 149 
" Henry, 187, 233 
" Martha, 128, 143, 150, 

21 17 
" Martha and family, 149 
" Mehitable & family, 149 
" Mary C. and family, 150 
" Stephen D. and family, 

" Thomas, Sen., 143 
" Rev. Thomas, 35, 53, 59, 
120, 128, 143, 150, 207, 
310, 317 
" Capt. Thomas, 145, 140, 

147, 180, 208 
" Thomas, 148 
" " & family, 146-160 

" Thomas 4th and family, 

" "William, 149, 197 


Paddock, Major, 107 

Paine, Hon. Robert Treat, 75 

Mr., 73, 77 
I'aixhan, Colonel, 295 
Talmer, Rear-Adm'l James, 217, 

Brigadier, 64, 65 
Maf-Gen. Joseph, 70,76 
Barker, Benjamin, 07 

Commodore F. A., 203 
Colonel, 110 
Daniel, 287 
. lames Canton, EH 

James I... 217 

Mr., of Wat< rtow n. ;i 

Mr., .'100 

Parks, General, SO 
Parkman, Hannah, 249 

" May, 249 
Parsons, Hon. Theophilus, 144 
Bassevant, Rev. Mr., 297 
Patridge, Mr., 71 
Paulding, Capt. Hiram, 200 
Paul, Susanna, 244 
Payne, Anna, 23 

Bethiah, 23 
Thomas, 23 
Payson, Catharine, 256 
Peamont's, 69. S5 
I'earce, Capt. William, 201 
Pearson, Arms, 236, 247 
" Benjamin, 238 
" Family, 254 
" Moses, 124, 126 
" Susan, 234, 241, 247 
Peck, Mr. John, 74 
Pell, Ann, 262 
Peoples, Charles, 67 
Pcpperrell, Sir William, 27, 118 
Percy, Captain, 85 

" Lord, 63 
Perkins, Family, 201-202 

Elizabeth, 252 
Perry, Commo. O. IL, 177, 206 
" M. C, 200, 282 
" Lieut. J. A., 100 
Pettes, Abigail, 20 
Phelps, Charles, 80 
" Samuel, 66 
Philpot, George, 20:', 
Pninney, Colonel, 95, 90, 97 

" James, 243 
Pickard, Margaret, 138 
Pickering, General, 75 
Mr., 73 
" Thomas, 122 

Pico, Richard, 244 
Pierce, lion. Josiah, 184 
" Mrs. Lydia, 247 
" William, 253 
Pierpoint, James, 213 
" Robert, 249 

" Stephen, 249 

Phillips, Avis, 36, 42, 59, 130 

Maj. John, 85, 88, 89, 90 
" Rev. Mr., 49 
" William. 70 
Pilsbury, Family, 250 
Moses, 23S 
Susanna, 236, 24S 
Pinkham, Mid'u 11. R., 101 
Pitts, Mr., 73 

John, 70 
Pius VII., Pope, 170, 272, 318 

" VIII., " 318 
Plalsted, lihabod, 14 
" James, 29 
" Mary, 28 
" Sarah, 29 
" Samuel, 125 
Piatt, Sarah, 314 

Pogue, ,241 

Pomeroy, Colonel Seth, 53, 119 
Poors at Greenland, 86 
Pope, Commo. John, 161, 211 

Margaret, 247 

Popkin, .luiiii , 249 

Porter, ( 'onimo. David, 167 

Vice-Adm'l David D.,282 

PorteUB, Bishop. 151 

Postlethwayt, E., 219 

Pote, ( laptaln, 9 ■'< 

Potter, Brig.-Gen. K. F.., 228 

Powell, Jeremiah, 52, 63,84, 119, 

Pownall, Gov. Thomas, 18, 1 «. ► . 

117, 11^ 
Prenoe, Governor, 58 



Prentice, Alice, 252 

" Valentine, 252 

Prescott, Brigadier, 04 
" Colonel, 06* 
" Major-General, 78 
" Oliver, 70, 77, 120 

Preston, Hiram, 137 
" Sarah, 140 

Price, Major Henry, 143 
" Capt. Joseph, 185 

Prichard, John, 57 

Priestly, Rev. Dr., 317 

Prince, Capt. Job, 73 

Proby, Captain, 47 

Proctor, Familv, 250-252 
" John, 23S, 241, 261 
" Samuel, 124, 236, 241 
" Sarah, 234, 241 

Purvis, Rear- Admiral, 154 

Putnam, Colonel, 81 

" General, 62, 63, 72, 83 
" George P., 297 

Pynchon, William, 82 

Queen Anne, 14 
Quilter, Mark, 263 

" Sarah, 238, 257, 263 

" Tamar, 263 


Randall, Stephen, 67 
Randolph, Bishop, 154 

" Edmund, 154 

" Sir John, 154 

Rawdon, Lord, 85 
Redding & Co., 201 . 
Reed (ord. seaman), 160 

» Mrs. Sarah, 243, 259 
Remick, Widow, 19 
Rhodes, Eleazer, 26 
Rice H. A., 291 
Richards, Hannah, 244, 259 
Richardson, Ebenezfer, 66 
Riggs, George W., 229 
Ring, Mary, 253, 262 

« Susanna, 238, 253, 262 
Riplev, Peter, 244 
Rishworth, Edward, 7, 9, 10 
Ritchie, A. L. (engraver), 285 
Roberts, Mehitable, 43, 59 

" John, Jr., 43, 58 
Robertson, D. B., 210 
Robeson, Hon. George M.,231 
Robespierre, 265 
Robie, Hon. Toppan, 243 
Robinson, General, 63 
Rodgers, Lieut. John, 202, 203 

" Captain John, 172 
Rogers, Charles, 245 

" Gershoni, 58 
Roe, Lieut.-Com'dg F. A., 213 
Ross, Captain, 50 

" Madame, 111 
Rowe, Susan, 314 
Ruggles, Edward, 256 
Russell, Odiorne & Co., 201 

" George R., 287, 304 

Sabine, Hon. Lorenzo, 175, 17 

Saiidford, Joan, 238, 258, 263 
" Laura, 242 

Sands, Corarao, Joshua, 205 

Say ward, John, 24 
" Mary, 27 
" Susanna, 27, 28 

Sandwich, Earl of, 129 

Sandys, Hester, 129 

Salisbury, Stephen, 249 
Savage, Samuel, 64, 77 
Sawyer, Ruth, 258 
Saxton, Joseph, 318 
Scammon, Colonel, 35, 36 
Schonberg, Capt. R. N., 170 
Schuyler, Gen., 76, 77, 83, 105 
Scott, Captain, 46 
Scottow, Family, 257 [203 

Mehitable, 58, 230, 253, 
Thomas, 58, 238, 257, 203 
Scudder, Hannah, 245 
Scrivner, Ruth, 23S, 249 
Searle, Rachel, 255 
Sears, Colonel, 83 
Seaver, Prudence, 254 
Thomas, 254 
William, 134 
Selwyn, Bishop, 204 
Sewall, Nicholas, 16, 

" General Joseph, 17 
Sewell, Rev. Joseph, 249 
Sever, W., 120 

" Captain, 167 
Shapleigh, Major Nicolas, 8 
Shaw, Charles H., 149, 150 
" Major Francis, 100 
" Sarah P., 249 
" Captain, 186 
Sherlock, Rev. Mr., 317 
Sherman, Gen. Wm. H., 224, 22 
Sheppard, Colonel, 81 
Sherrard, Family, 254 

' Sarah, 234, 249, 254 

1 William, 230, 254, 203 
Shirley, Gov. Wm., 4:3-45, 48, 115 
Short, Henry, 260, 

" Sarah, 260 
Shubrick, Commo. Wm. B., 20 
Shufeldt, Capt. R. W., 216, 222 
Shuttle, William, 253 
Simpson, Daniel, 41 

Lieut. D., 28 
" Hannah, 28 
« Joseph, 42, 120 
Silsbee, Captain, 153 
Skillings, Family, 138, 139 
" Capt. Samuel, 124 
" Simeon, 136 

Smalley, Hannah, 245 
Smith, Eliphalet, 197 
Henry, 245 
Capt. Joseph, 203 
Major, of Machias, 71 
(ord. seaman), 160 
Hon. Robert, 108, 318 
Thomas, 258 [264 

Rev. Thos. (Parson), 43, 
Tony, 186 
Smoot, Com'dr Jo., 202 
Snow, Captain, 67 
Somerby, Abigail, 247 
" Henry, 247 

Spear, Mr., 267 
spencer, Com'dr W. Y., 202 

" General, 62, 75, 84, 104 
Sprague, Richard T. & family, 150 

" Consul Horatio, 150 
Sprittle, Captain, 46 
Stace, Fregift, 255 
Staral, Captain, 108 
Starboard, John, 07 
Stark, Josephine, 140 
Stebbins, Rev. Horatio, 200 
Stedman, Mary, 244 

" Thomas, 252 

. terling, Nancy E., 138 
Sterne, Rev. Dr., 317 
Sterrat, Peter, 125 
Stevens, Benjamin, 122 
» Elizabeth, 85, 243 
" Jonathan, 242 

Stewart, Catherine, 146 

Commo. Chas., 160, 170 
John, 122 
Samuel, Sen., 123 
Stickney, Elizabeth, 203 
Familv, 254 
Matt. A., 203 
Rebecca, 234, 248 
Samuel, 238,248 
Thomas, 230, 24S 
Stillman, Rev. Mr., 72, 80, 83 
Stirling, Adm'l Sir Jas., 200, 207 
Stoddard, Lieut, (marines), 226 
Stone, Benjamin, 10, 30 
" Christopher, 124 
" Capt. Joshua, 185 
" Joseph, 120 
" Mehitable, 10, 58 * 
Storer, Colonel, 07 
Deacon, 79 
Mr., 85 
William, 65 
Woodbury, 144 
Storey, John, 180 
Stow, Ira, 140 

Sarah, 140 
Samuel, 137, 140 
St. Aspincmid, 13, 14 
St. Clair, Gen., 78, 80, 105, 106 
Stinclmeld, William, 314 
Stratton, Elizabeth, 255 

" S«rah, 255 
Stringham, Commo. S. H., 212 
Strong, Miss Martha, 255 
Sturgis, William, 107 
Sullivan, Rev. Mr., 2S7 
" Mr., 119 
" General, 102 
Sumner, Mr., 86 
Swan, Julianna, 254 
Sweetser, Seth, 82 


Taggart, Captain, 47 

Tate, Mr., 51, 87 

Taylor, Com'dr Wm. V., 202 

" Doctor, 73 
Temple, Robert, 16 

" Sir Thomas, 129 
Tennev, Rev. Thomas, 200 
Thatcher, Mr., 316 
Thayer, Ebenezer, 70 

" Mary, 244 
Thomas, Elias, 241 

Miss Betsey, 241 
General, 61, 62 
Col. John, 119 
Peter, 241 
William W., 197 
Thomes, Joseph, 130 
" Thomas, 130 
Thompson, Col., 54,92,93,94,il0 
1 Rebecca, 146 

' Hon. Smith, 160 

Thorndike, Elizabeth, 250 

' Rev. George, 250 

' John, 250 

Thurlow, Captain, 88, 89 
Thurston, Daniel, 262 

Hannah, 238, 254, 202 
Ticknor, George, 108 
Tilden, Charles L., 13 

Elizabeth, 2, 200 
Elder Nathaniel, 5, 238 
Family, 0, 255 
Judith, 5, 13, 23C 
Lydia, 6 
Mary, 6- 
Sarah, 6 



Tilden, William, 5,13 
Tillotson, Rot. Mr., 317 
Tilton, Com'dr 15. G., 204 
Tomlinsou, Robert, 143 
Torrey, Abigail, 35, 59, 151 
Treaowell, 69, 258 

" Martha, 236 
Treat, Rev. .Samuel, 200 
Trefefcbern, Harriet, 138 
Trenchard, Com'dr 8. D., 218 
Trott, Jobu, 130 
" .Simeon, 253 
" Thomas, 130 
Trowbridge, Judge, 85 
Trumbull, Governor, 70, 81, 107 
Truxton, Commodore, 107, 178 
Tucker, Alice 1'ieble, 1S3 
" Edgar, 183 
" Joseph, 20 
" Nancv Cale, 20, 21 
" Treble, 183 
" Sallie 51., 1S3 
Tuckermau, Edward, 249 

" John, 238, 249, 257 

" Mr., 207 

" Thankful, 230, 249, 

Tupper, Major, Gl 
Turfs, Mr., 80 

Turner, Rear-Adm'l TliOS., 232 
Tylden, William, 5, 13 
" of Milsted, 13 
" Lieut. Col., 13 
" Etchard, 13 
" of Wye, Kent Co., 13 
Tyler, Royal, 07 
Tyne, Commo. Edward, 105 
" Edward, 57 
" John, 57, 120 
" Sheriff, 53 
» Col. Wm., Esq., 93, 111, 105 


Upham, Rev. Charles W., 197 
" l'rofessor, 5 


Vansittart, Com'dr E. W., 209 
Varney, Abigail, 250 
Vaughan. Mis- Mary C, 159 
Vaughn, .Mr., 88, 09 
A'ines, Richard, Deputy Gov. of 

Vinton, Abel. 241 

" Col. D. IT., 157 

" Elisha, 241 


AVadsworth, Peleg, 77 
Wadworth, Peleg of Plymouth, 

Waite, Col. John, 72, 99, 111 
Waldo, Gen. Samuel, II, 43, 4 
51, 12 I, 128 

Walker, Mr., 77 

Walker r Thomas, 00 

William, 244 
Wallace (composer), 295 
Walter, Rev. Nehemiflh, 244 
Ward, Gen. Artemas, 53, 02, 70, 
77, 80, 81, SO, 119, 120 
Colonel, 81 
Mr., 78 
Warren, George, 149 

General, 00, 109 
Hon. Joseph, 91 
Sarah I., 149, 150 
Washburn, Captain, 71 

Major, 80 
Washington, Gen. George, 62, 
72, 75, 80, 88, 89, 99, 100, 101, 
103, 105, 110, 111,247,290 
Watson, Family, 252 

Chaplain J. L., 101 
Mary, 234, 244 
Wattles, Sophia, 181 
Watts, 09 
Weare, Elijah, 58 

Hannah, 26 
John, 19 
Joseph, 26, 31 
Webb, Rev. John, 143, 316 

Jonathan, 35, 42, 51, 59, 

128, 310 
Lucy, 128 
Webber, Mary, 236 
Webster, Rev. Mr., 09 
-Mr., 71, 75, 76 
Palatiah, 73 
Weeks, Jordan & Co., 201 
Welch, Hannah, 30,38 

" Philip, 30 
Weller, Hon. John B., 229 
Welles, Hon. Gideon, 212, 219 

229, 230 
Wells, Jonathan, 140 
Welsh, Thomas, 38 
Wendell, Jacob, 118 

" Ml'., I'm, ION 

Wentworth, Cant. Thos. E., 243 
Wesson, Colonel, 81 
West, Rev. Samuel, 244 
Wheaton, Major, 97 
Wheeler, Mary, 123 
Wheelock, Colonel, 81 
Wheelwright, John, 14, 24, 27, 31 
Wheelwright's, 86, 88 
Whipple, Family, 202 

" John, 250, 262 

Whitcomb, General, 04, 05 

" John, 70 

White, Benjamin. 70 

" Martha, 260 

" 1'eregrine, 261 
Whitehead, Lieut., 226 
Wbitlield, Rev. Mr., 131 
Whittemore, William, 82 
Whittier, John, 82 
Widen, Hannah, 260 
Wigglesworth, Colonel, SI 
Willard, * 'athariue, 215 
" J., 116 

Willard, Mr., 86, 251 
William and Mary, 119 
Williams, Avavamus, S3 
" Gftptain, 65 
" Family, 255-250 
" General, 213, 215 
" Miss Helen Maria, 292 
" Henry, 140 
" Capt.John Foster, 164 
" Joseph, 23S, 202 
" Marv, 230, 244 

" Mr. ,"64, 77 
" Roger, 201 
" Hon. Ruel, 20 
Willis, Hon. William, 39 
Wilkes, Rear-Adm'l ('has., 161 
Wilkinson, Capt. Jesse, 202 
Wilson, Clara, 294, 301, 302, 311 
" Edward, 294, 301 
" Edward 1'., 304, 311 
" Mrs. Edward P., 304, 311 
" Emma, 294 
" Francis Emma, 312 
" Herbert, 312 
" Hugh, 218, 277, 300, 301, 

308, 311 
" Hugh, 312 
" Mrs. Hugh, 311 
" James, 294, 300, 301, 302, 

311, 312 
" Marv, 278 
" Mary Leet, 312 
Winslow, Albert, 200 

" Benjamin, 84 T46, 48 

" Colonel John, 16, 44, 

" Capt. John A., 183 
Wise, Sarah, 256 
Wiswall, Mr., 92 
Wiswell, Rev. Mr., 54 
Wolfe, General, 48 
Woodbridge. ON 
Woodbury, Peter, 67 
Wood, Aaron, 70 
" Abial, 73, 70 
" Richard, 22 [151,151,155 
Wormeley, Rear-Adm'l R. R., 
" Ariana, 159 

" Mrs. Caroline, 2:0 

" Elizabeth, 156, 166, 

" James Preble, 150, 

" Katharine Prescott, 

Worth, Col. William J., 203 
" Lionel, 266. 202 
" Susanna, 238, 250, 262 
Wright, Captain, 45 [ 128 

" Frances, 35, 42, 51, 59, 
" Rev. Doctor, 291 
Wyer, Robert, 249 

Young, Hannah, 34 
" Rowland, 33, 34 


I. The Preble Medal ..... To face the title. 
Engraved on Steel by Mr. Joseph Saxton. 


2. The Preble Arms ........ 5 

Engraved on Wood by Richard B. Dyer, Boston. 

3. Facsimile Page of Brigadier General Preble's 

Diary, 1775 ........ 62 

Lithographed by J. H. Bufford, Boston. 

4. The Jersey Prison Ship, 17S1 11 1 

Engraved on Wood by Alexander Anderson. 

5. Portrait of Commodore Edward Preble, U. S. Navy 162 

Engraved on Steel by T. Kelley, from the Picture in Faneuil Hall, Boston. 

6. Portrait of Captain Enoch Preble, Aged 79 . .185 

Photographed by J. W. Black, Boston, from a Portrait painted from Life 
by Charles O. Cole, of Portland, 1842. 

7. Portrait of Captain Geo. Henry Preble, U. S. Navy 200 

Protographed from Life, by Bradley & Rulofson, at San Francisco, 1869. 

S. Portrait of Henry Preble ..... 265 

Photographed by Bradley & Rulofson at San Francisco, from a sepia draw- 
ing by his daughter Harriet Preble. 

9. Portrait of Harriet Preble ..... 271 
Engraved on Steel by A. II. Ritchie, from a Portrait painted from Life. 

10. Facsimiles of Signatures, 
Engraved on Wood by Richard B. Dyer and others, viz. : 

Benjamin and Mary Preble, p. 30 Jed. and Mehitable Preble, 5^. ^7 

Jedidiah Preble, Tun., 130 John Preble, 141 

Martha Oxnard, 143 Eben Preble, i=;i 

Com. Edward Preble (on por- Capt. Enoch and Sally 

trait), 162 Preble, 184 

Statira Preble, 264 Henry Preble, 26^ 

Harriet Preble, 271 Frances Anica Barlow, jSj 



Silvio Pellico, 304 

Sparks 's American Biography, 102, 179 

Spirit of '76, &c, 159 

Sprague's History of the Florida War, 203 

Travels in Brazil, 305 

Uncle Tom's Cabin, 280 

United States Navy.Registers, 100, 201 

United States Statutes, 230 

Washington and his Masonic Compeers, 143 

Willis' History of Portland, Me., 39, 103, 184, 

200, 241, 257 
Winslow's Journal, 46 
Woman's Work in the Civil War, 159 
York gravestones, 15, 27 
Young's Chronicles, 39 

MSS. Letters. 

Letters of Alfred Kimball, Town Clerk, 252 

" "A. Hammett, 252 

" " Alexander Mclntire, 17 

" " Chris. Prebble, London, 11 

" " Charles L. Tilden, 13 

" " Col. William J. Worth, 203 

" " D. Fitts, Town Clerk, 254 

" " G. A. Preble, 16 

" " H. A. Cross, 252 

" " Hon. John Anderson, 201 

Letters of Hon. Robert Smith, 318 

" J. E. Kimball, Town Clerk, 250 
Joshua Coffin, 258 

" Jedidiah Preble, 43, 47, 4S, 91-112 

" James Freeman, 316 

" M. A. Stickney, 254 

" Bear-Adm'l Charles Stewart, 1G0 

" T. W. Harris, 21N-2.J0 


Boston, Mass., 
Buffalo, N. Y., . 
Cliarlestown, Mass., 
Chicago, III., 
Detroit, Michigan, 
London, England, 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 
New York City, N. Y., 
Omaha, Nebraska, 
Philadelphia, Penn., 
Providence, R. I., 
Pittsburgh, Penn., 
Sacramento, California, 
Salt Bake City, Utah, 
San Francisco, California 
St. Louis, Mo., . 


Note.— Numerous Town and Family Histories, and hundreds of letters in answer to letters of 
inquiry, have been drawn from, which are not mentioned by name in the book, and are there- 
fore not included in the foregoing Index. 

Errata. — For " Edward Prescott Treble," p. 315, and wherever mentioned later, read 
"Edward Perkins Preble;" and for "Maria A. Alexander, Sept. 15, 1869," read "Mania A. 
Alexander, Sept. 15, 1868." 


An Index of the Newspapers, Magazines, Books, Authors, &c, referred to by name 
quoted from, or mentioned. 

Newspapers. <* 

Boston Gazette, 1754, 44 
" Centinel, 1822, 101 
" Post Boy and Advertiser, 1708, 254 
" Daily Advertiser, 1843, 140 
Essex Register, 1822, 101 
Portland Transcript, 130, 194 
" Tribune, 1112 
" Advertiser, 105 
Salem Gazette, 1784, 315 

Magazines, &c. 

Analectic Magazine, 292 

Edinburgh Keview, 248 

Graham's Magazine, 179, ISO 

Gentleman's Magazine, 53, 240 

Ladies' Magazine, 318 

New-England Historical and Geneal. Reg., 9, 

49, 153, 103, 104, 253, 257, 202 
United States Nautical Magazine, 181 


Boston Church Records, 259 
Cumberland Co. (Me.) Records, 125-127, 130 
Falmouth Proprietary (Me.) Records, 57 
Lincoln Co. (Me.) Records, 125 
Plymouth Records, 259 
Riixbury (Mass.) Records, 202 
Washington Co. (Me.) Records, 141 
York Co. (Me.) Records, '.», 27,30, 37, 122-124 

" Town (Me.) Records, 15, 27, 28, 29, 34, 35, 

" Probate (Me.) Records, 10, 24, 25, 20, 29, 
30,31,32,33, 31 

Books, Authors, &c. 

Adventures of Christopher Hawkins, 104 
Allen's American Biographical Dictionary, 292 
Alllbone's Dictionary of Authors, 292 
Amabel) a Family History. 156 
Ainerican National Portrait Gallery, 292 
American State Papers, 171 
Anderson's Genealogy of Surnames, 108, 248 
Appleton's ( lyclopedla of Biography, 292 
Arthur's Diet, of Family Names, 248 
Berry's County Genealogies, .", 
Blake's Biographical Dictionary, 299 
Bowdltoh's " Suffolk Surnames," 241 

Boynton's History of the Navy, 221, 228 

Brigadier Preble's MSS. Journal, 01-91, 141 

Burke's Landed Gentry, 13 

Byrne's Naval Biography (R. N.), 154 

Chase of the rebel steamer Oreto, 220 

Clark's Naval History of the United States, 145 

Coffin's History of Newbury, Mass., 240, 250, 

258, 202 
Coggshall's His. of American Privateers, 145 
Cooper's Naval History of the United States, 178 

" " Biography, 179 

Deane and Smith's Journals, 53, 103, 105, 200 
Drake's History of Boston, 143, 257 
Dummer Academy centennial Discourse, 105 
Eugenie de Guerin, 304 
Fuller's Worthies of England, 5, 129 
Godwin's Hand Book ot Universal Biog'y, 292 
Gorham gravestones, 242 
Historical Collections of Essex Institute, 151 

" " Me. His. Soc'y, 17, 103 

History of Davenport Family, 255 
History of the U. S. Sanitary Commission, 159 
History of Ipswich, Mass., 202 
Holt's Journal of a Penobscot Voyage, 49 
Hon. William P. Treble's General Sketch of the 

Preble Families in Portland, 13, 19 
Journal of the Provincial Congress of Massa- 
chusetts, 53, 118 
Kidder's Maine and Nova Scotia, 141 
Life, &c. ot Jedldiah Preble, 3d, 130 
Log-book of U. S. F. Constitution, 1803, 108 
London Directory, 12, 320 
London Notes and Queries, 103 
Lossing'8 History of the War of 1812, ISO 
Lower's Diet. Family Nomenclature, 163, 240 

" Patronymics) Britannloa, 163, 210, 248, 252 
Middleton, l 

Memoir of Harriet Preble, 274 
Memorial Of the Morses, 259 

Narrative of John Blatohford, 164 
Nichols's What's in a Name, 248 

Our Cousin Veronica, 155 

Pepv's Diary, 129 

Pierce's History of Gorham, Maine, 184 

Portland gravestones, 57 

Professor I'pham, 5 

Reports in ( 'lianecry, 1816-21, 12 

Revolutionary adventures of I'.ben'r Fox. 164 

Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, 169, 250 

Secretary of the Saw's Report, 1869, 231 

Sewall'S History of Rath, Maine, 17 


Lucy, 29, 35, 59, 137, 140, 142, 316 
Lydia, 16, 34 
" T., 315 

Mariana, 22 
Martha, 35, 42, 43, 59 

" Oxnard, 137, 140 
Mary, 11, 16, 25> 27, 28, 29, 30, 31. 
32, 33, 137, 153, 183, 317! 
" A., 183 
" Elizabeth, 233 
" L., 315 
Mehitable, 16, 57-59 
Melvin S., 319 
Mercy, 34 
Mildred, 233 
Miriam, 16, 25-29 


Nancy, 133 

" Tucker, 22 
Naomi, 314 
Nathaniel, 11, 16, 27, 29, 40 

" C. A., 313, 314, 315, 320 

Nehemiah, 25 

Obadiah, 26 
Olive, 26, 29 
Orrin, 319 

Paul, 16, 29 

Peter, 26, 42, 139 

Phebe, 26 

Preble of Longsands, 26 

Prentice, 319 

Preston P., 319 


Rachel, 11, 26, 27, 314 
Rebecca, 16, 314 
Rufus, 319 

" S., 320 

Samuel, 19, 29,. 35, 42, 59, 137, HO 

" L., 314 
Sally, 184, 197, 19S, 199, 200, 314 
Sandford 319 

B., 319 

Sarah, 11, 19, 29, 35, 37, 38, 137, 
139, 313, 314 

" A., 315 

" B.,315 

" Ellen, 232 
Stephen, 11, 22, 25, 26, 27, 42 

" B., 319 
Solomon H., 319 
Sophronia Merrill, 314 
S. M., 320 

Statira, 35, 43, 59, 161, 264 
Susan, 29 

Susan Zabiah, 243 
" Rowe, 314 
Susanna, 28 
Susie Zabiah, 233, 277 


Tabitha, 29, 34 
Theodore, 38 
Timothy, 25 


Wallace, 22 
Warren, 319 
Washington, 29, 42 
Wellington, 319 
Wilber, 139 

William, 16, 22, 28, 29, 35, 42, 59, 
139, 313 

" Edward, 140 

" E., 320 

" H., 319, 320 

" J., 319 

" Pitt (iron.), 13, 14, 17, 
18, 20, 21,.1S1,264 

" Pitt (Esq.), 15, 22 

" S.,319 

" T.,319 


Zebulon, 37, 38, 42 



Abbic B., 314 

Abial E., 319 

Abigail, 19, 20, 27, 30, 31 
,? F.,314 

Abraham, Sen., 5, 6, 8, 0, 10, 14 
" Jr., 11, 14, 15, 10,30 
" 3d, 10, 19, --'2, 27 
" 4th, 15, 28, 20, 37, 38 

" H. (Lieut.), 819 

Addie, 315 

Adeline, 107, 198, 233, 242 

Andrew, 20, 42 
" J., 320 

Alice, 183 

Anica, 200 

Ann, 137 

Avis, 137 
" Binney, 136, 137 


Benjamin, 11, 29, 32, 33, 34, 234 

Bethiah, 25 
Betsey, 313 


a, 319 

Caleb, 16, 42 
Calista A., 314 
Calvin, 314 
Caroline, 154, 155 

" E., 315 

Charles, 42, 54, 314 

" B., 319 

" E., 314, 320 

" Henry, 140 

" M.,819 

" o.,;;io 

" 8., 320 

Christopher, ll, 12 
Clarissa, 130 

Daniel, 37, 38, 137, 139 
David, 10, 37 
Deborah. 37,38 
Dorcas, 38 
Dorlasca, 139 


Earnest, 22 

Ebenezer, 10, 17, 10,28. 29, 85. 13, 
67, 59, 102, 128, 313. 314 

Eben, 10, l.M-100, 107, 108, 233, 


Eben C, 320 

Ilsley, 151 
Edgar W., 319 
Edith, 22 

Edward, 22; 29, 42, 130, 100, 101, 
270, 314, 310, 320 
" Capt., 28, 29, 42 
" Commo., 35, 43, 57, 59, 
110, 111, 128, 100-184, 
201, 278, 310, 318 
" Deering, 181-183 
" Earnest, Lt. Com'dr, 

180, 183, 201 
" Brescott, 313, 315, 320 
" Henry, 305,300,307, 308 
Edwin, 320 
Elgar, 320 

" Jas., 320 
Eliza Derby, 154 
Elizabeth, 25, 37,38, 314 

" Bangs, 200 
" F., 315 
Enoch, Capt., 35, 43, 50, 57, 59 
128, 140, 174, 161, 184-200, 242, 
208, 270, 313 
Esaias, Col., 19, 20, 204, 320 
Esther, 38, 314,315 
B., 314 


Fanny Getchell, 314 
Frances, 20, 42, 271/305 
Anica, 268 
Ellen, 233 
Francis, 320 
Frank E., 320 
F., 320 
Frederick, 310 

A., 315 


George, 10, 29, 42, 139, 319, 320 
A., 16 
B., 11,320 

Henry fCapt. I'. S. N.), 
160, 198, 200-232, 318, 

Henry Kittenhouse, 233 
Georgians P., 814 
Granville. 820 

" A., 310 


Hannah, 16JK, 26,28,89, 80, 31, 
33, 34, 37. 38 

" widow of Abraham, 15 

Harriet, 265, 270, 271-306 

" I., 315 
Harris, 140 

Henry, 22, 35, 43, 57, 59, 128, 139, 

' W., 22 

' C, 319 

:< Oxnard, 233, 275, 320 
Hepzibah, 10, 19, 28, 37, 38 
Henrietta F., 314 
Huldah Jones, 314 » 

Humility, 28 

James, 139, 140, 314, 315, 319, 320 
C, 315 
<;., 319 
O., 319 
Jane, 20 

Jedidiah, Brigadier, 12, 13, 30, 31, 


181, 184,234,204, 265, 

313, 315 

Jun., 29, 35, 42, 59, 130- 

3d, 133, 134 
Jemima. 16, 26 
Jeremiah, 29, 42, 320 
John, 11, 10, 19, 20, 30, 31, 34, 35, 
42, 57,59,71,122,128,137, 
315, 320 
" B., 310 
" G., 310 
" H.,315 
" Hussey, 22 
« Bhillips, 135 
" Q.,320 
" B., 310 
Jonathan, 10, 17, 27, 37, 38 
Joseph, 11, 17, 10, 22, 28, 24, 25, 
28, 87, 38, 319 
" H.,820 
Joshua, 27, 35,43,59, 12S, 160, 101, 

Josiah, 29, I.' 

Judith, 9, 10, 11, 14,31,34 

Jndah, 34 

Julia, 140 

M., 140 
J.E., 320 


Kadnuil, 86 


Laura, l io 
Lavinia, 26