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G E N E A L OCT
"Fro am tV /om
F F PRIVATE CIRCULATION
NE W .Y ORK
Mail and Express Job Print
Realizing the increasing difficulty of obtaining
data for a family history, these records have been col-
lected and compiled for the benefit of my son, Herbert
Bowers Brush, and other younger members of the
family and for childrens' children yet to come, in the
confident hope that the knowledge that their ancestors
were among those who with fortitude and courage,
amid the hardships of pioneer life and the perils of
war, lived in the fear of God and the love of home and
country, will stimulate them to high purposes and de-
votion to duty to God, to home and native land.
Lovingly dedicated to my son Herbert Bowers
Maria Annette Brush.
Brooklyn, N. Y., 1904.
The original immigrants of all the families whose
records are given here came to the colonies in the
earliest years, 1620-1660. They were of English par-
entage and came to New England, except the Van
Wvcks, who came from Holland to New Amsterdam.
The task of tracing the several families back to the
original settlers in America has been comparatively
easv in most cases, but finding the English ancestors
was far more difficult. A number of extracts from
English records are given which may be useful if any
wish to pursue the search in the mother country.
The family name of the mother of Herbert B.
Brush was Bowers. With the records of the Brush
and Bowers families are included collateral branches
as follows :
Brush Descent 7 Bowers Descent 92
Rogers 42 Brooks 98
Whitman 45 Boutelle 102
Wood 47 Baldwin 106
Van Wyck 50 Wellman no
Carman 62 Wellman (Chloe) .... 112
Bloomfield 68 Bancroft 113
The Brush Family
ROBERT DE BRUS went to England with the
Conqueror in 1066, where his son Robert's
name was changed to Bruce. Genealogists say
that from this French De Brus or De Brewes, are de-
rived the English names of Bruse, Bruce, Bush and
Brush. (See "Fauconberge Memorial," 62, "Family
Records of the Braces and Comeygns," by M. E.
Cummings, and Hinman's "Early Settlers in Connec-
As an illustration of the variations of the name and
possibly indicating the source from which the family in
this country sprang, the following extracts may be of
interest : William de Brus was in "Heworth, a mile to
the north of Aycliffe. His son, Adam de Brus, held
the vill by Knights service" and payment of a small
sum. William Brus, 1354, "then styled Chivalier, held
the Manor of Heworth by the fourth part of a Knight's
fee and 40s. William Bruys, son and heir, 1381. Rob-
ert Bruys, sold the estate in 1435." (Surtee's "Dur-
ham," vol. III.)
One George Brush was in Woburn, Mass., in 1657,
who was said to be of Scotch descent. Of his descend-
ants, Sewall, in his "History of Woburn" says "they
have long spelled the name Bruce." Again he refers
to "Brushes now turned into Bruces." *
* Hon. Wallace Bruce, of Brooklyn, N. Y., the celebrated poet,
writer, and lecturer, is descended from this family.
Doubtless the name appears in many European
languages in varying forms. (See statement of Prof.
George J. Brush in Addenda to this account). Some
changes and confusion may have arisen if, as is quite
probable, some of the name went to Holland at the
time of the persecution of the Puritans, before em-
igrating to America. The family on Long Island have
preserved the one form of spelling as far as known.
* Thomas (i) Brush, according to "Huntington
Town Records," was born in England, probably about
1610, and came to this country before 1653, as he is
recorded as owning a lot in Southold, Suffolk County,
in that year. Southold was probably named from
Southwold, Suffolk County, England. In 1640 the
New Haven colony purchased the land from the In-
dians, and settled Southold, which, with the towns of
New Haven, Milford, Guilford, Branford and Stam-
ford, formed a federation for mutual protection, "the
jurisdiction of which appears to have been fully or-
ganized in 1643." "Most (not all) of the planters came
from Hingham, Norfolkshire, Eng., in 1640" to South-
old, and here, in 1642, the first meetinghouse was built.
The Indian name for the place was Yennicock (Shinne-
cock). (Lambert's "History of New Haven.")
Thomas (1) witnessed a will in Southold in 1656, ac-
cording to "N. H. Records," and attended town meet-
ing there in 1660. He was a "freeman of Conn." in
1664. (Only members of a church could become free-
men and take part in the management of the affairs of
town or colony.) In 1656 or 1657 he came to Hunting-
* Names in small capitals indicate direct descent.
ton, having "sold his home at Southold to Thomas
Mapes, his wife Rebecca assenting." This place was
afterward sold to the Young family, then to the Booths
and later to the Jennings, one of whom died in 1847
and left it to his son, Hezekiah.
Thomas ( 1 ) was the ancestor of all who were of
Huntington. About 1665 he, with two others, was
sent by the "Inhabitants of Huntington with an Indian
called Chickinoe to The South Meadow" to find and fix
the boundaries of some land, bought from the Massa-
Rebecca, wife of Thomas (1) Brush, was daughter
of John Conclyne, who was said to have come from
Nottinghamshire, England, and was received as
an "inhabitant of Salem, Mass., 14th of 7th month
1640," where four acres of land were allotted to him
in 1649. (Town Records of Salem, Massachusetts.)
He must have been an active man, as he is said to have
"identified himself with every new enterprise, with
zeal and energy, and soon became the cynosure of all
the village," also "strong pillar of the church." (Rec-
ords of Southold.) He is supposed to have been born
about 1600. He died in 1683. The name is spelled
also Conklin and Conkling.
Thomas ( 1 ) Brush was one of the proprietors of
Huntington, according to a list made in 1672. He
died in 1675 and his son, Thomas (2), administered
upon his estate in 1677, the children acknowledging
the receipt of £50 13s. each. Besides the son,
Thomas (2), already referred to, there were Rich-
John (2), and Rebecca (2), who married Jeremiah
Hobart, or Hubbard, February 8, 1682. The family
came from Hingham, Norfolk, England, and were
"first settlers" of Hingham, Mass. Bishop Peter Ho-
bart, of Norwich, England, and Bishop J. H. Hobart,
of New York, who was buried under the chancel of old
Trinity Church, New York City, were both of this
family. John (2) Brush, son of Thomas (1) and Re-
becca, was born about 1650 and his name appears on
the town records of Huntington, in 1673. In a deed
given by him in 1676, he described himself as "John
Brush of Huntington, upon long Island in Yorksheer,
husbandman." In 1681 he obtained land described as
being on "ye street end southward" and a "certain
parcell of medow on a neck called Necundetaug."
(This latter piece remained in the possession of
the family until after the death of John R. (7) Brush,
in 1884.) John (2) Brush, in 1682, received a grant
of land on West Neck, and in 1684 he bought several
parcels of land in Huntington, covered by one deed,
given by Benj. Smith. In 1685 an d in 1690 he received
grants of land. "In 1698, with two others he received
on behalf of three Assosuates of ye towne of Hunting-
ton on Long Island, Ales Nasaw, in province of New
York, In ameroca" from "wameas and Charles pane-
maquand" certain lands in East Neck, the Indians
signing their marks at the end.
From 1693 to 1714 John (2) was constable or town
trustee most of the time. In 171 1 he, with his sons,
gave £5 toward the building of the Presbyterian
Church. The old one, built in 1665, was demolished,
First Presbyterian Church of Huntington, L. I. Attended by the Family
for About Two Centuries. This is the Third Edifice and was
Built in 1784.
and the new one built in 171 5, on the site of the
present edifice. The long delay between the subscrip-
tion and the actual building was caused by division as
to the location of the church, some desiring to rebuild
on the old site "in the hollow," the frame was
set up there and afterward removed to "East Hill."
It was occupied by the British as a barracks in 1777.
Torn down and materials used to erect Fort Golgotha
on burying ground Hill, by order of Count Rumford,
1782. Present building erected 1784.
The wife of John (2) Brush was Elizabeth,
daughter of Isaac Piatt. Isaac and Epenetus were sons
of Richard Piatt, who came from Hertfordshire, Eng-
land, to America, in 1638. He was in New Haven
that same year and died there in 1684. Isaac was a
grantee of Huntington and held various official posi-
tions there. John (2) and Elizabeth Brush had several
sons, two of whom, Isaac (3) and Samuel (3), had
some controversy as to caring for their aged father in
January, 1740. A few weeks later John (2) gave to
his son Samuel (3) "for love and affection" one hun-
dred and twenty-five acres at or near the West
Hills and other pieces of land on the "southside,"
also one-half of his right in the "undivided"
(common) land in town. He probably died soon
after and tradition says was buried on the "old bury-
The son, Isaac (3), referred to above, was a lawyer
and an Episcopalian. The church of that denomination
was not built there until 1784, but a mission was started
as early as 1754, and Isaac (3) was buried in the
churchyard in 1758. His gravestone was still legible
Samuel (3) Brush, son of John (2), was next in
the line, but the date of his birth is not known, nor the
name of his first wife. He joined the Presbyterian
Church at Huntington July 29, 1730. (See church
records.) He had seven daughters and three sons, ac-
cording to the record in the old familv Bible. Late
in life he married Martha, widow of John Titus, whose
maiden name was Hugins. She was born in 17 14 at
Oyster Bay. (After the death of Samuel (3) Brush
she was married a third time, to Hunter John Wood. )
.From 1 734- 1 763 Samuel (3) held some town office,
that of trustee, assessor or commissioner of highways.
In 1 76 1 he deeded his homestead to his son Ananias (4)
the deed being still in the family.
His will, dated March 17, 1764, he begins by de-
scribing himself as "yeoman, in health of body and
sound of mind and memory, for which favor and bless-
ing I have reason to be truly thankful to the Almighty,
and well knowing that I must soon yeild to Death, am
willing to set my house in order before I Die, do make
and ordain this to be my last will and Testament. I
bequeath to my loving wife, all and every article that
my said loving wife brought into my estate, also my
brown horse and riding chair, and also all provisions
that is laid up for the family's use for the year, also
my negro wench, Jane, T give the free use of to my
wife during my wife's natural life and provided said
wench outlives my wife, I give her to my three daugh-
ters Bersheby, Pheby and Elizabeth. To my loving
wife, six good sheep and two hogs, as she shall choose.
To my daughter Bersheby one-fourth part of my Per-
sonal estate. To my daughter Pheby Fleat also one
silver tankard in lieu of £14, it shall be accounted as
so much received, of her share of one-quarter part."
He also mentions the children of his deceased daugh-
ter Mary Piatt, wife of Jesse Piatt. To his "daughter
Elizabeth Conkling one cow as she shall choose and one
quarter of my moveable estate. I will and bequeath
to my executors a piece of land which I have lying
joining to Joseph Ireland's land at West Hills to be
sold" the money therefrom to be given to the two
daughters, Pheby Fleat and Elizabeth Conkling.
"Item, I give and bequeath to my son Ananias Brush
my house and land and Improvements and all apperte-
nances which I bought of Jonas Brush, also a piece of
wood-land westward of where he now lives in Cold
Spring Hollow, also a piece of woodland joining to
land lately owned by Thomas Oquerly ( Oakley) De-
ceased, being a piece of land called Stephen Lott." To
his son, John, he leaves thirtv acres. To "son Ananias
all meadows and land and Rights on neck at the South
called Neguntetauge," also ten acres on Jericho Plains,
"and one hundred rights in Old Purchase of Hunting-
ton and all my right on Hempstead Plain." 'To my
son Jesse Brush the house and lands where I now live
and all other lands excepting those already disposed of
to my son John." Executors were his son John (4)
Brush and his "friend" Joseph Ireland. These extracts
were made from the will in the Surrogate's Office in
New York City. The grave of Samuel (3) is believed
to be the earliest one in the family cemetery on the
Jesse (4) Brush, son of Samuel (3), was born in
1737 and was prominent as a patriot in the Revolution-
ary war. He was a Major in the First Suffolk County
Regiment, Colonel Floyd, and in consequence, his
property was confiscated, as was the case of all who re-
fused to take the oath of allegiance. A large majority
of the inhabitants of Suffolk did take the oath.
Jesse (4) Brush sent the following warning to the
usurpers who had taken possession of his farm August
25, 1780: "I have repeatedly ordered you especially
April 15, to leave my farm. This is the last invitation.
If you do not, your next landfall will be in a warmer
climate than you have ever lived in yet. Twenty days
you have to make your escape." Major Brush is de-
scribed as "a small, well-built man with red hair, sandy
complexion and bold as a lion." He was appointed by
a committee to lay before the Provincial Congress, "the
state of the town of Huntington in 1775, as to their
slackness and indifference in the great contest and to
ask advice and assistance from Congress." In "His-
toric Huntington," issued on the 250th anniversary of
the settlement of the town, July 4, 1903, he is men-
' The property mentioned in the foregoing will as devised to Jesse
(4) Brush included the house where Samuel (3) died, which stood near
the house of Israel Oakley, a short distance east of the Brush family
burying ground. The old house was torn down about 1855. The
homestead, given by deed of 1761 to Ananias (4), was the one where
he and his son Zophar (5) lived and died, and where John R. (7) Brush
lived from 1823 to 1845. when he built the house now in use. All his
children except Zophar (8), the youngest, having been born in the old
house. Zebvlon (6). son of Zophar (5), lived at the foot of the road
which passes the house of John R. (7) Brush.
tioned among the "Famous Men" as "one of the brav-
est and most stubborn patriots. He was captured at
Smithtown in 1780 and held prisoner in a New York
jail for a month. The name of Brush was especially
hated by the British and no one bearing it was treated
with any consideration."
Ananias (4) was born 1721, and March 24, 1743,
married Mary, daughter of Daniel Kelsey, who was
born September 14, 1682. Daniel was son of Stephen
and Hannah (Ingersoll) Kelsey, of Hartford, Connec-
ticut, who were married in 1672. Stephen's father,
William, moved from Massachusetts to Connecticut
and was one of the proprietors of Hartford. Hannah
Ingersoll, born 1652, was daughter of John and Dor-
othy (Lord) Ingersoll, who were married in 1651.
Dorothy Lord, born in 163 1, was the sixth child of
Thomas and Dorothy Lord, who came from London
with their six children in the "Elizabeth and Ann" in
1635. (See Hotton's "Lists of Early Emigrants, 1600-
1700.") He was also an original proprietor of Hart-
ford. Daniel Kelsey came to Huntington shortly be-
fore building his house there in 171 2. He was for many
years a trustee of the town. His will is in the Surro-
gate's Office in New York City, and is dated 1761. In
it he bequeaths "to my daughter Mary, wife to Ananias
Brush" a third part of his movable estate. He signed
his name "Daniel Kellcye."
From a fragment of a commission found among the
old papers, it appears that in 1760 Lieut. Gov. James
De Lancey issued a Lieutenant's commission to An-
anias (4) Brush in a company of Foot, commanded
by Capt. Thomas Jarvis.
Ananias (4) died March 3, 1794, and in his will
mentions his "wife Judith Brush and her daughter
Rebecca" showing* that he married a second time, a
widow to whom he walls "all the goods and furniture,
or the value of such as are e'one, that she brought to
me at the time we were married, agreeable to a writing
then made between us." "Also all the linnen and Bed-
ding that hath been made since we lived Together,"
and £120, instead of dower. "Also £100 to Stephen
Brush the son of my son Nathaniel, deceased." His
executors were empowered to sell all his estate "except
the rights in the undivided," which he gave to his son
Zophar ( 5 ). The term "undivided" undoubtedly refers
to the common town lands, which were used in common,
according" to certain vested rights. The remainder of
the estate Ananias ( 4 ) desired to be divided between
the three children, Zophar (5), Susannah (5)
Ketcham and Phebe ( 5 ) Conkling. Executors were
Zophar (5) Brush and Henry Townsend. This paper
and an inventory have been preserved among the family
documents at the old homestead. Nathaniel (5) had
died between 1783-89 and Zophar (5) had bought
his share of the property in 1789 of the widow Hannah,
who afterward married a Whitman.
Zophar (5) Brush was born at West Hills in 1748,
baptized March 20 (Presbyterian Church records),
and in 1773 married Margaret, daughter of Zebulon
and Margaret (Van Wyck) Whitman. (See Whitman
Family). They had one son, Zebulon (6), and one
daughter, Mary (6), who married Timothy Oakley.
Margaret, wife of Zophar (5), was a kind, motherly
woman who did much for her grandchildren, who were
early left motherless by the death of the daughter,
Mary (6) (Brush) Oakley, and that of Elizabeth
(Rogers), the wife of Zebulon (6). She took the
little son of her daughter Mary (6), whose name was
Zophar Brush (7) Oakley, and the little Betsey (7),
daughter of Zebulon (6) and Elizabeth Brush, and
brought them up in her own home. After her death in
1 82 1 the other grandson, John R. (7) Brush, went
from his father's home to live with his grandfather,
Zophar (5), who lived to be ninety-five years old, cared
for by John R. (7) Brush and his wife. In recognition
of this fact he divided his farm, giving one-half to his
son, Zebulon (6), and the other to the grandson, John
Zophar (5) Brush is remembered by his great-grand-
children as a large man with fair complexion, who
suffered many years from rheumatism which confined
him to the house. The following extract is from his
will, written in 1839: "I give and bequeath to my son
Zebulon Brush my chest of drawers, two tables, one
chest and six wooden bottom chairs. I give and be-
queath to my grandson Zophar Brush Oakley, the bed-
stead that stands in the east room with the bed, bolster
and pillows, one pare of sheets and one bombazet bed-
quilt. I give and bequeath to my grandson John
Rogers Brush, a tract of land lying on the north
side of and adjoining the Huntington and
Southampton turnpike road, bounded on the north by
the land of John Hendrickson and Samuel Walters
being about one acre more or less, and to his heirs and
assigns. I also give to my said grandson John R. Brush
all my stock and poultry of every description, all my
farming utensils, my looking-glass, clock* and the
half of the residue of my linen and also the bedstead
in the west room with the curtains and the remainder of
my woolen bedding. I give and bequeath to my grand-
daughter Elizabeth my blue and white coverlid, and
also the sum of one hundred dollars. I give and be-
queath to my grand-daughter Amelia Brush my small
silver spoons and to my grand-daughter Mary Brush
my large silver spoons. And I give and bequeath the
other half of my linen to my said grand-daughters to
be divided between them. I give and bequeath to my
great-grandsons Jarvis Brush, Samuel Brush, Abner
Brush and Jesse Brush, the children of my grandson
John R. Brush, the sum of five hundred dollars each,
and if any of my said great-grandsons should die under
the age of twenty-one years, I give and bequeath the
portion or portions of such as shall so die to the sur-
vivors, to be equally divided between them. I give and
bequeath the residue of my personal property, not above
disposed of, if any such there be, to my grandson, John
R. Brush. Executors, John R. Brush and Samuel Wal-
No mention is made in this will of the principal
part of his real estate, for the reason that it had al-
ready been equally divided and deeded to his son Zebu-
Ion (6) Brush and his grandson John R. (7) Brush.
In a previous will dated in 1805, he gives to his wife
. — 1
k This clock is now in the possession of George W. Brush, a ureat-
grandson of the testator.
Margaret, a black girl, showing him to have, been a
slaveholder at that time.
Zebulon Brush (6) was born at West Hills Oct.
24, 1777, and married Elizabeth, daughter of John, Jr.,
and Ruth( Wood) Rogers, of Huntington, on Jan.
25, 1800. (See Rogers Family.) They lived on his
part of his father's farm at West Hills, the house
standing at the foot of the hill, on the turnpike, near the
Huntington road. They had two children, John
Rogers ( 7 ) and Elizabeth (7), and then the young
wife and mother died, in 1803. Later, Zebulon (6)
married Susannah Sammis and they had seven chil-
dren, Jesse (7), Jonas (7), George (7), Gilbert (7),
Amelia (7), Mary (7), and Susanna (7). Eliza-
beth (7), who was called Betsey, went to the home of
her grandfather, Zophar(5) Brush, as before men-
tioned, where she lived until married to John Van
Wyck. Although Zebulon (6) was a delicate man, an
invalid most of his life, he was interested in public
affairs, as shown by the record that he was Inspector
of Schools in 1827, and he was a regular attendant of
the Presbyterian Church in Huntington for many
years. He died in 1861, aged eighty-four. He was an
excellent talker, especially upon religious subjects. He
divided his property, almost entirely, among the chil-
dren of his second marriage. To his daughter, Eliza-
beth (7) (Brush) Van Wyck he left a legacy of five
hundred dollars. After the death of his wife and the
breaking up of his home, he spent some years at the
homes of his children ; the last year or more he was
with his son, John R. (7), who, with his family, es-
pecially his eldest daughter, Mary (8), cared for him
in his last illness. His grave is in the family ceme-
John Rogers (7) Brush was born January 10,
1 80 1, at West Hills. He probably attended school only
a few years, but exercises in writing, arithmetic and
surveying prove that he was a proficient scholar as far
as his opportunities permitted. He was fond of music,
and taught it at one time. On Jan. 23, 1823, he mar-
ried Elizabeth, daughter of John and Mary (Bloom-
field) Carman. (See Carman and Bloomfield Famil-
ies.) In 1826 he was commissioned as Lieutenant,
and in 1829 as Captain in the 137th Regiment, New
York State Militia, as commissions now in the family,
signed by Governors De Witt Clinton and E. T. Throop
Among his papers was found the following, bearing
date October 25, 1829: "Having united myself to
the Christian church I do feel determined that, let
others do as they will, I will serve the Lord, having on
said day made a public profession of Religion.
"(Signed.) John R. Brush/'
The church referred to was the First Presbyterian
at Huntington, four miles distant from the homestead
at West Hills, which he attended faithfully ever after,
training up his children to go with him. He was
deacon and elder for many years. Ten children were
born to John R. (7) and Elizabeth Brush, viz.. Jar-
vis (8), Samuel (8), Abner (8), Jesse (8), Mary Eliz-
abeth (8), Margaret (8), Phebe Ann (8), John (8),
George Washington (8), and Zophar (8), all of whom
grew to maturity and became professing Christians.
The father of this family was an unusually intelli-
gent, energetic man ; conscientious in the performance
of every duty. He had an excellent memory and could
relate incidents with great accuracy after the passage
of many years, thoroughly enjoying a good story.
In business he was indefatigable, working early and
late. He abhorred debt and while he did not accumu-
late a fortune he brought up his large family, giving
to his children every opportunity for education and ad-
vancement in his power. He also instilled into their
minds his ideas of industry, integrity, religious prin-
ciple and patriotism. He was always ready to per-
form his duties as a citizen, driving four miles to vote
about two weeks before his death. When the national
crisis came, at the breaking out of the War of the
Rebellion, he cheerfully assented when two of his sons,
John (8) and George (8), decided to enter the army.
Afterwards a third son, Jesse (8), went as chaplain
of the 158th Regiment, New York Volunteers.
Physically, he was slightly above medium height,
with fair complexion and blue eyes; enjoyed robust
health even in his later vears, when he had become
considerably bent, but he retained all of his faculties
and continued his duties until within a weeek of his
death, which was from paralysis, Nov. 17, 1884, in
his eighty-fourth year. He spent his whole life on the
old place, never having travelled farther than to Phil-
adelphia, whither he went in 1876 to attend the Cen-
In 1873, the "golden wedding" of John R. (7) and
Elizabeth Brush was celebrated, by the children and
grandchildren, brothers and sisters and all relatives
near enough to attend, at the old homestead, twenty-
five being entertained over night, beside neighbors and
friends, who returned to their homes. Congratulations
and good wishes, music and a poem written for the
occasion, by Mrs. Jesse Brush, golden gifts and mem-
ories of "Auld Lang Syne," made an ever-memorable
occasion. At the time, it was scarcely hoped that the
golden bond could long continue unbroken, but when,
in 1883, ten years had rolled away, leaving the old
couple but slightly changed, a smaller family gather-
ing again took possession of the old home, to cele-
brate the happy anniversary. Nearly two years passed
before the separation came, which was but for a few
months, one dying in December and the other the fol-
Jarvis (8), their eldest child, was born Dec 9, 1823,
and Jan. 16, 1845, ne married Mary Ann, daughter of
Elias and Ann (Parlee) Brush, of West Hills. The
family was distantly related, being descendants of
Richard (2), the second son of Thomas (1), of South-
old and Huntington. Jarvis (8) died May 20, 1850,
leaving two children, Clarkson J. (9), who died in
1863, and Susan A. (9), now Mrs. Joseph Barker, of
Brooklyn, who has three children, John, Jessie and
Ethel. Jarvis' widow married Valentine Brush.
Samuel (8) was born Dec. 25, 1825, and Jan. 1,
1849, married Hannah Maria, daughter of Thomas
Park and Hannah Burr (Farnsworth) Reed, of Har-
vard, Massachusetts. He was a merchant who lived
most of his life in Brooklyn, where he identified him-
self with church and mission work, being especially
interested in temperance reforms. He died at Cran-
ford, New Jersey, May 14, 1893. Their two children,
Edmond Wheeler (9) and Anna Emmeline (9), died
Abner (8), born Feb. 19, 1828, was educated at the
town academy and at Amenia (N. Y.) Seminary,
where he pursued the classical course and was nearly
ready for college when he left it on account of ill
health. April 29, 1854, he married Amy Jane, daugh-
ter of Henry and Teresa (Mitchell) Miller, of Brook-
lyn. He taught school for a time, but was most of
his life a merchant. His health was not strong, but
quiet, regular habits enabled him to bear his part in
business and church relations. When health permitted,
he served in various official capacities in church and
Sunday school work. He died Feb. 6, 1889. His only
child, Annie Elizabeth (9), married Edward A. John-
son, Sept. 24, 1884, and lives at Cranford, New Jersey.
She has three children, Henry Miller (10), born 1885,
Alice Dean (10), born 1886, and Louise Chandler
(10), born 1 901. Edward A. Johnson died Oct. 20,
Jesse (8) was born June 11, 1830. He went to
Amenia Seminary and graduated with honor as vale-
dictorian of his class from the University of New
York. He studied law, but later chose the profes-
sion of the ministry and graduated from Union Theo-
logical Seminary. He married Ellen, daughter of Rev.
Harvey and Alethea Newcomb, Aug. 3, 1859. He was
settled over churches in Stamford, New Britain and
Saybrook, Connecticut. After some years he decided
to change from the Presbyterian to the Episcopalian
church, and is now rector at the Church Home, Buf-
falo, Xew York. In 1894 his wife died. In 1904, the
fiftieth anniversary of his graduation, the university
conferred upon him the honorary degree of Doctor of
He has three sons, Edward Hale (9), Henry Wells
(9), and George Robert (9). Edward Hale (9) grad-
uated from Columbia College, and is a journalist.
He married Elizabeth Jennings Feb. 1, 1904. Henry
Wells (9) is a lawyer in Buffalo. He married Frances
Hager, Dec. 25, 1896. George Robert (9) is a grad-
uate of Hobart College and of the General Theologi-
cal Seminary of New York. He is an Episcopalian
clergyman at Rochester, New York. He married
Josephine Taylor of Waterbury, Vermont, in 1899.
They have two children, Anna Sherman (10), 1902,
and Edward Newcomb (10), 1904.
Mary Elizabeth (8) was born July 26, 1832, and in
1852 married Thomas Price, of Northport, L. I. She
died in 1874, leaving one son, Frank E. Price (9),
now of Montana.
Margaret (8) was born Dec. 19, 1834. She at-
tended Airs. Harvey Newcomb's school in Brooklyn
and had a private school in New York City for several
years. Since 1874 she has made her home with her
brother, George W. (8). She has rendered valuable
service in gathering data for some of these family
Phebe Ann (8) was born July 14, 1837. After
attending boarding school at Port Jervis, New Jersey,
she returned to the old home, where she has remained,
the only one of the family who lived with the parents
during their later years. In 1885 she married Edwin
Burr Place and still lives at the homestead.
John (8), born May 2, 1840, was not robust natural-
ly, and malarial fever further reduced his strength ; but
he was exceedingly conscientious and felt it his duty
to enlist in the army in 1861. The exposures of such a
life were too great and he died on Dawfuskie Island,
South Carolina, April 28, 1862. His grave and those
of all of the family not living, except that of Zophar,
are in the family cemetery on the farm.
Zophar (8), the youngest of the family, was born
Jan. 22, 1845. He came to the city when a young man
and engaged in mercantile business. He married,
June 27, 1866, Mary J., daughter of John and Jane
(Powell) Jarvis, of Oyster Bay. He died in Brook-
lyn, Dec. 2, 1898, and was buried at Bethpage, Long
George Washington (8), the ninth child of John
R. (7) and Elizabeth Brush, was born at West Hills,
Oct. 4, 1842. He attended the district school, and
helped with the farm work until fourteen years old,
when he went to the town academy. When nearly
seventeen he went to Brooklyn and found employ-
ment in a dry goods store, where he had plenty of hard
work and $2.00 per week. Two years later, in the
summer of 1861, he was the first to enlist from his
native town in the 48th Regiment, New York Volun-
teers, and with his brother, John (8), joined the Army
of the Potomac and later went with Sherman's ex-
pedition to Port Royal. With his regiment he par-
ticipated in the engagements at Port Royal Ferry,
Hilton Head Island, and Pocotaligo, in South Caro-
lina, and the siege of Fort Pulaski, Ga.
In June, 1863, he was commissioned as second lieu-
tenant in the Second South Carolina Volunteers, after-
ward known as
the 34th United
Troops. He took
part in the bat-
tles of James
Wagner, G r a -
the sieges of
and man}' minor
in the Depart-
ment of the
"T he New
of June 11,
tained an ac-
count written bv Lieut. George W. Brush. 1864.
the Rev. H. H. Moore, D. D., the chaplain of the 34th
United States Colored Troops, of an incident which,
after thirty years, led to the following correspondence :
" April n, 1895.
"Hon. Daniel S. Lamont,
"Secretary of War.
"Dear Sir : I have the honor to request that the
Congressional Medal of Honor, conferred for volun-
tary acts of conspicuous gallantry during the War
of the Rebellion, he awarded to Second Lieutenant
George W. Brush (afterward captain), 34th U. S.
C. T., and of which I was at the time of the occurrence
lieutenant-colonel. Captain Brush now resides at No.
2 Spencer place, Brooklyn, New York. The service
rendered by Lieutenant Brush is set forth in my af-
fidavit, hereto annexed.
"Very respectfully yours,
"W. W. Marple,
"Late Colonel 34th U. S. C. T.
"Brevet Brig. General."
"From statements which I received directly from
Colonel James Montgomery, and from information
obtained at the time from other sources, I know that
on the 24th day of May, 1864, Lieutenant George W.
Brush, of the 34th United States Colored Troops, res-
cued and saved the lives of some four hundred of his
comrades from the steamer 'Boston; aground in the
Ashepoo River, South Carolina.
This heroic act on the part of Lieutenant Brush
and the four hrave soldiers from the Fourth Massa-
chusetts Cavalry, who volunteered to accompany him
in his perilous work, is the more deserving of praise
for the reason that this officer was a long distance
from the steamer ; he could not receive orders from
his superior officers — procuring the only boat that was
available, under a most destructive fire from a rebel
battery on the river bank, made repeated trips to the
wrecked steamer, until all on board were safely landed.
"W. W. Marple.
"Late Colonel 34th U. S. C. T.
"Brevet Brig. General."
"Duly sworn to April nth, 1895."
"B. Subject: Medal of Honor, 464,275.
"January 21, 1897.
"Dr. George W. Brush,
Late Capt. 34th U. S. Colored Troops,
No. 2 Spencer Place,
Brooklyn, N. Y.
"Sir: I have the honor to inform you that, by direc-
tion of the President, and in accordance with the act
of Congress approved March 3, 1863, providing for
the presentation of medals of honor to such officers,
non-commissioned officers and privates as have most
distinguished themselves in action, the Assistant Sec-
retary of War has awarded you a medal of honor for
conspicuous gallantry in action on the Ashepoo River,
South Carolina, May 24, 1864.
"In making the award the Assistant Secretary used
the following language :
" 'This officer voluntarily commanded a boat crew
which went to the rescue of a large number of Union
soldiers on board the stranded steamer 'Boston/ and
with great gallantry succeeded in conveying them to
shore, being exposed during the entire time to a heavy
fire from a rebel battery.'
"The medal has been forwarded to you to-day by
registered mail. Upon the receipt of it please advise
this office thereof.
"F. C. Ainsworth,
"Colonel U. S. Army,
"Chief, Record and Pension Office."
"Albany, N. Y.,
"Jan. 26th, 1897.
"Col. F. C. Ainsworth, U. S. Army,
"War Department, Washington, D. C.
"Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt
of your communication of Jan. 21st, 1897, stating
that by the direction of the President, the Assistant
Secretary of War had awarded me a medal of honor
The Reverse Side of the Medal Bears the Following
Captain George IV. Brash
34th U. S. C. T.
for GALLANTRY on
the Aslicpoo River, S. C.
for 'conspicuous gallantry in action on Ashepoo River,
South Carolina, May 24th, 1864,' in accordance with
the act of Congress approved March 3, 1863. I have
also to acknowledge the receipt of the medal. I ac-
cept this mark of distinction with profound gratitude.
No greater reward can come to a soldier than such
recognition by his government, and, while many have
made greater sacrifices and are more worthy of this
honor, their love for and pride in their country can-
not, I am sure, surpass mine.
"Permit me to say that it is most gratifying to me
that on my recommendation, medals have also been
awarded to the four enlisted men who so promptly
responded to my call for volunteers in the perilous
undertaking on that May morning so many years ago.
Accept my thanks for your personal courtesy.
"I am with grateful appreciation,
"Very truly your obdt. servant,
"George W. Brush, M. D."
The medal of honor, as adopted by the War De-
partment in 1862, was closely copied by the Grand
Army of the Republic on its organization, causing
some confusion and misunderstanding. Owing to this
fact a new design was adopted by the government in
1904 and a call was issued for a return of the old
medals, new ones being substituted for them.
Captain Brush served as recruiting officer of Flor-
ida and as provost marshal, on the staff of Colonel
Noble, commanding the brigade at Magnolia Springs.
In March, 1865, he came north for the first time
since enlisting and on the 30th was married to Alice
Adeliza Bowers, of Brooklyn, to whom he had been
attached for several years. At the expiration of his
leave of absence he returned to Florida and in Oc-
tober of the same year, his wife sailed on the steam-
ship "D. H. Mount" for Jacksonville. A terrific
storm occurred and the ship was wrecked, with all
on board, off Cape Hatteras, on the 22nd, and was
never seen or heard from after that date.
In December, 1865, having resigned on account of
impaired health, he returned to Brooklyn.
The next year, with recovered health, he began the
study of dentistry, preliminary to the study of medi-
cine. He practiced dentistry for some years and in
1876 graduated from the Long Island College Hospital
and began the practice of medicine, later being ap-
pointed surgeon and clinical teacher of medicine at
the Long Island College Hospital, assistant surgeon
of the 13th Regiment, N. Y. S. National Guard, con-
sulting surgeon of the Bedford Dispensary and Hos-
pital and consulting physician of the Bushwick Hos-
In 1868 he married Maria Annette Bowers (see
Bowers family), a younger sister of his first wife, and
in 1873 their only child, Herbert Bowers (9) Brush,
was born. Before going to the war, George W. (8)
had joined the Methodist church, but soon after his
return he joined Plymouth (Henry Ward Beecher's)
Church, and was for over twenty-five years an active
member, having served as deacon, assistant superin-
tendent and superintendent of the Sunday school.
After removing to a distant part of the city, the
family joined the Central Congregational Church,
where he was also deacon and superintendent of the
In 1893 Dr. Brush took an active part in the po-
litical campaign which resulted in the overthrow of a
corrupt Democratic ''ring" and the election of a Re-
publican mayor. The next year he received (unsolicit-
ed) the Republican nomination to the State Assembly
and was duly elected. The following year he was
elected to the State Senate for a term of three years,
serving as chairman of the Committee on Public Health
and member of the "Cities" and "Military Affairs"
committees. The four years of legislative work were
strenuous ones. In the session of 1895 he introduced
thirty-seven bills, twenty-two of which became laws.
Conspicuous among these was one in the interests of
morality and for the protection of womanhood, in-
creasing the "age of consent" from sixteen to eighteen
years. During the three years' service in the Senate
he introduced one hundred and three bills, of which
sixty-eight became laws. The most of these were
charter amendments providing for improvements in
the city. Among them was one for establishing the
Brooklyn Disciplinary Training School for Boys, the
object being to take incipient criminals under thirteen
years of age and place them in an institution where
they could be educated and given manual training
under proper influences and finally placed in good
homes. Senator Brush also introduced and pushed to
final passage the bill which provided for the crossing
Senator George W. Brush, M. D. 1898.
of the Brooklyn Bridge by trolley cars, a measure of
great value to Brooklyn.
In 1898 a resolution was introduced which was re-
ferred to the Committee on Public Health, calling for
a committee of investigation into the causes and fatal
spread of tuberculosis in the State. This having been
passed by the Senate, Dr. Brush was made Chairman
of the special committee, and gave much time to the
study of the subject, visiting many sanitoria and also
the Massachusetts State Hospital for the Treatment of
Consumptives, then the only State hospital for such a
purpose in the United States. He wrote the report
of the committee, five hundred copies of which were
printed in the form of a pamphlet, covering one hun-
dred and twenty-five pages.
It was accompanied by a bill providing for the es-
tablishment of a State Hospital for the observation
and treatment of those afflicted with this disease. The
bill was enacted into a law and the hospital is an es-
tablished fact. This report coming at a time when
the subject of the treatment of this terrible scourge of
the human race was being given wide attention, did
much to influence public sentiment with reference to
the proper methods to be taken for the protection of
the healthy from infection by those having the disease.
Dr. Brush has also served as commander of the Medal
of Honor Legion of the United States, commander of
U. S. Grant Post 327, Grand Army of the Republic ;
president of the Congregational Club of Brooklyn, and
president of the Manhattan-Brooklyn Conference of
Herbert Bowers (9) Brush, son of George W.
(8) and M. Annette Brush, was born in Brooklyn
Feb. 12, 1873. He was educated at the Polytechnic
Institute of the same city and at the New York Law
School, receiving the degree of LL. B. in 1893. The
following year, on his twenty-first birthday, he was
admitted to the bar. May 3rd of the same year, 1894,
he married Alice May Hays, daughter of Hiram W.
and Alice (Butler) Hays, of Saratoga Springs, New
York. He has served as Assistant Corporation Coun-
sel of the City of Brooklyn and of Greater New York,
also a term of four years as Assistant United States
District Attorney of the Southern District of New
York. His infant sons, George Hays (10), born Feb.
24, 1897, and Herbert Woodford (10) , born Jan. 1,
1899, died in November, 1899.
From a small pamphlet, entitled "The Brush Family
in America," by Dr. George Rawson Brush, published
at Sayville, Suffolk County, New York, in 1891, the
following notes are taken of some branches of the
family, aside from the one line previously pursued :
'Thomas Brush, born about 1610, who died about
1670, left four children, Thomas, John, Richard and
Rebecca. Rebecca was married to Jeremiah Hobart,
or Hubbard, Jan. 31, 1682. They had three sons and
one daughter. Richard settled at West Neck, where
his great-great-grandson, Thomas, now resides. Rich-
ard conveyed his farm to his son, Thomas, in 1700. A
great-great-grandson of Richard was Conklin Brush,
one of the early mayors of Brooklyn."
"A History of Greenwich, Fairfield County, Con-
necticut," by Daniel Mead, says that two brothers
of the name of Brush, came from Long Island to
Greenwich soon after 1700. These were probably sons
of Edward and Hester Brush, who lived at West Hills,
Long Island. Hester was daughter of Richard and
granddaughter of Thomas, the first settler. It is sup-
posed that Edward was also a relative of Thomas.
Their home at West Hills was nearly opposite to the
house of John R. Brush. In 1904, is owned by one
of their descendants, David P. Brush.
In Philip H. Smith's "History of Dutchess County,
New York," it is mentioned that Lemuel and William
Brush, sons of Reuben Brush, of Long Island, lived
in the west part of the town. Lemuel had five sons,
Parlee, Jesse, Piatt, John and Henry. Jesse was an
officer in the Revolution. John was the General John
Brush who commanded the Dutchess County troops
at Harlem Bridge in the War of 181 2, and was after-
ward major general of militia. Colonel Henry Brush
was captain of the Ohio Volunteers in the War of 181 2.
"When informed of the surrender of his commander,
General Hull, he refused to accept it as authoritative
and escaped with his men and stores."
Isaac Brush, seventh generation from Thomas (1),
of Southold and Huntington, married a Phillips and
bought a farm near Cleveland, Ohio. He was the
father of Charles Francis Brush, electrician and in-
ventor. He was born 1849 at Euclid, Ohio. His in-
ventions have beeen numerous and valuable.
Prof. George Jarvis Brush, born Dec. 15, 1831, at
Brooklyn, New York, is a descendant of Thomas ( 1 ) ,
and traces his descent as follows : Thomas ( 1 ) , Rich-
ard (2), Robert (3), Jonathan (4) married Elizabeth
Smith, Joshua (5) married Margaret Ireland, of West
Hills, Philip (6) married Ruth Brush, Jarvis (7) mar-
ried Sarah Keeler, George Jarvis (8), mineralogist
and author, has been identified with the Sheffield Sci-
entific School at Yale University since 1855, and has
written extensively on the subject of mineralogy. He
married Harriet Silliman Trumbull. He says "the
name Brusch was that of a rather noted writer of his
time, Caspar Brusch, who lived in Bohemia in the first
third of the sixteenth century, and was a member of
a large family, some of whom may have been driven
to Holland by religious persecution.
"In England the name Brush is of rare occurrence,
only a very few names being found in the directories
of the large cities in Great Britain. While a student
in London in 1855, I read one day in the Official Ga-
zette, a notice of commendation of a Dr. John C.
Brush, a surgeon in the British army before Sebasto-
pol, for gallant and meritorious professional service
on the battle field. Some thirty years later, by a
curious coincidence, I found myself lodging in Hanover
Square, London, in the same house with this Dr. Brush.
Pie introduced himself to me in a very simple way,
saying that the name Brush was so rare that he ven-
tured to call on me to ascertain where I came from.
In due time I asked him in regard to his family his-
tory. He said his ancestor was a Dutch soldier who
came over from Holland with William of Orange, and
for his service at the battle of Boyne and at the siege
of Londonderry was knighted and given a grant of
land in the north of Ireland. Dr. Brush knew of no
other persons of the name except those descended from
this soldier and was much interested to find that per-
sons of this name had emigrated to America many
years before his ancestor came from Holland to Eng-
land with William of Orange."
Hon. Edward F. Brush, M. D., the present Mayor of
Mount Vernon, N. Y., is descended from the Irish
branch of the family, having been born in Dublin in
1847. His father, Dr. Crane Brush, came to America
about 1850. The son Edward enlisted in a Maine
Regiment in 1864. Later he studied medicine, and has
been Health Officer of Mount Vernon, President of
the N. Y. Society of Medical Jurisprudence, etc. He
is extensively engaged in the manufacture of kumiss.
Dr. Brush is serving his second term as Mayor.
He is a member of the Baptist Church. He mar-
ried Miss Marion Beers, and thev have ten children.
Soldiers' and Sailors' Memorial Arch, Brooklyn, N. Y.
THOMAS ROGERS of the "Mayflower" and
the eighteenth signer of the famous "Com-
pact," brought his young son, Joseph, with
him, but no list of his other children is obtainable.
It is known that he had some who were already mar-
ried, and that he died soon, within a year after the
landing of the Pilgrims. The records show that a
number of persons of the name of Rogers came over
during the earliest years, between 1620 and 1635. which
leads to great difficulty in tracing the descent and
renders it impossible to obtain results as definite and
clear as in other lines ; therefore, the records will be
quoted as found and the descent counted only as far
back as it is positively known, although the earlier rec-
ords are probably substantially correct. A William
Rogers was in Southampton, Long Island, in 1642-
1645, when he disappeared from the town records.
In 1647 William Rogers was in Hempstead, who
was "son of Thomas of the Mayflower" (see "Ameri-
In 1657 William Rogers was one of the grantees,
with Thos. Wicks and Jonas Wood, in an Indian deed,
which conveyed what was known as the "Eastern
Purchase" in Huntington.
In 1669 a widow, Ann Rogers, died in Huntington,
jggjjBSa ^g j gg^gS23S555 gmBg5gIgqCPiniISBg l
leaving property to her children, the names of whom
are the same as those of the children of William
Rogers, viz : "Obadiah, John, Noah, Samuel, Mary
"It is highly probable that Ann Rogers was the
widow of William Rogers, one of the earliest settlers
here and one of the grantees in the Indian deed in
1656, and whose name disappears soon after." — (Hun-
tington Town Records, Vol. 1, p. 141.)
"It is probable that William gave to his son, Oba-
diah, his homestead at Southampton (where Obadiah
afterward lived ) and removed with his wife and young-
er children to Huntington." — (Howell's History of
From the fact that William Rogers was in Hemp-
stead in 1647, soon after his name disappears from
the records of Southampton, and did not appear at
Huntington until 1656, it seems fair to infer that the
William of Hempstead ("son of Thomas of the May-
flower") was the same William who came to Hun-
Although the name of Jonathan does not appear in
the list of the children of William or Ann Rogers, a
deed bearing date of June 13, 1699, given by Noah
to "my brother Jonathan Rogers," indicates that all
were not included in the list or that John may also
have been called Jonathan. A few days later Jona-
than Rogers and his wife, Rebecca, gave deed to
"John Roqers, son of ye above sd Jonathan Rogers." —
(Hunt. Town Rec.)
John (i), son of John, married, Nov. 30, 1735,
Jemima Whitman. Their son,
John (2), was born 1738, and married, Dec. 6,
1 761, Ruth Wood, daughter of "Hunter" John Wood,
Jr. She was sister of Elizabeth Wood, who married
Jonathan Bloomfield. (See Wood and Bloomfield
Elizabeth (3), daughter of John (2) and Ruth
Rogers, was born in 1783, and married Jan. 25, 1800,
Zebulon Brush. Their son,
John Rogers (4) Brush, married Elizabeth Car-
man. Their son,
George W. (5) married Maria Annette Bowers.
v Their son,
Herbert Bowers Brush, is sixth in descent.
The Whitman Family
THE first of the line in this country were
Zacharia (i) and Sarah Whitman, who
came from London in the 'True Love," in
September, 1635. He was forty and she twenty-five
years old. They brought a little son, Zacharia, aged
two and a half years. Their son,
Joseph (2), was a freeman of the colony of New
Haven in 1664. He was born in 1643 an d married
Sarah "Cecum" (Ketcham) "against her mother's
mind." (Huntington Town Records.) They w r ere in
Huntington in 1661-86 and were the first of the name
on Long Island. Their son,
Zebulon (3), was born about 1678. He married
Sybel Lewis, who was born in 1685. Her parents were
Jonathan and Jemima (Whitehead) Lewis, of Oyster
Zebulon (4), son of Zebulon (3) and Sybel Whit-
man, married first "Margaret Van Wyck, of Oyster
Bay, Jan. 13, 1747-8." (Presbyterian church records,
Huntington, Long Island.) Their daughter,
Margaret (5), was born 1749, and the mother dy-
ing soon after, Zebulon (4) married second, Phebe
Jarvis in 175 1 . In his will, dated 1757, he leaves his
"house-goods, cow, horse, riding chair and one-third
part of my real and personal estate not before dis-
posed of, to my beloved wife Phebe, during her widow-
hood, and no longer. To my daughter, Margaret, the
sum of £75," etc. (See will in Surrogate's office, New
York County.) Margaret (5) gave receipt for this
money and at the same time acknowledged the receipt
of a legacy from her grandfather Whitman, which
paper is now in the possession of Miss Eliza Van
Wyck, of Brooklyn.
Margaret (5), daughter of Zebulon (4) and Mar-
garet (Van Wyck) Whitman, married Zophar Brush
in 1773. (See Brush Family.) Their son,
Zebulon (6) Brush, married Elizabeth Rogers.
(See Rogers Family.) Their son,
John Rogers (7) Brush, married Elizabeth Car-
man. Their son,
George W. (8) Brush, married M. Annette Bowers.
Herbert Bowers Brush, is ninth in descent.
The Wood Family
IN the earliest records of Long Island are found
two men by the name of Jonas Wood, one of
whom is sometimes designated as
"Jonas (i) Wood of Halifax" or "Jonas Wood
(H.)." The other is frequently distinguished by the
word "Oram" or the letter "O" after his name. Evi-
dently the two were frequently confounded and the
names appended were supposed to be those of the
towns from which they came before settling on the
island. If confusing then, when both were living, how
much more so two hundred years later !
Both were men of prominence in the management of
affairs and granting of lands. Both were apparently
justices or magistrates. 'Jonas Wood, Jr.," was son
of one of them and owner of one of the "ten farms."
According to an old English custom, disputed land
was allotted to individuals by first dividing the inhabi-
tants into ten parts. Those composing each part, se-
lected certain ones to go and possess the land on con-
dition of building and improving within a stipulated
time. The "ten farms" here referred to were between
Northport and Smithtown River. He also owned land
on the "East Neck South." He died in 1712. A family
Jonas (2) Wood, Jr., gives the date of the birth
of his son,
John (3), as April 15, 1677. He was called "Hunter
John Wood," presumably because of his prowess as
a hunter. He was twice married, the second time
in 1747, to the widow of Jeremiah Wood, who was
a "Widow Whitman." He died in 1751. His son,
John (4) Wood, was called "Hunter John Wood,
Jr." He was born in 171 1 and in 1736 married Phebe
Jarvis, or Jervis (the name was originally Gervaise),
who died in 1773. He afterward married Martha
Hugins, who was the widow of John Titus and also
of Samuel Brush. She died in 1798. To distinguish
him from another John Wood, he was spoken of as
"of Frogponds" — the other one being "of Flagponds."
Frogponds was about half way between West Hills
and Huntington. He and his wife, Phebe, had four
daughters, one of whom, Ruth (5), married John
Rogers and became the mother of Elizabeth (6)
(Rogers) Brush. (Another daughter, Elizabeth (5),
married Jonathan Bloomfield and was the mother of
Mary (6) (Bloomfield) Carman. John (4) Wood, Jr.,
was thus the great-grandfather of both Elizabeth (7)
Carman and of her husband, John Rogers (7) Brush.
John (4) Wood died in 1801. From his will and
schedules of personal property, found among the pa-
pers of John R. Brush, it appears that he had what
was then a considerable estate, amounting to about
$10,000. He had a store and held the notes of a large
number of his relatives and neighbors for sums ranging
from £5 to £400. This estate was bequeathed to his
four daughters and their heirs. He appointed as ex-
ecutors, his son-in-law, Jonathan Bloomfield, and his
two friends, Obadiah Piatt and Zophar Brush. His
grave is within the ridges which mark the line of the
old fort on the "old Burying Hill," in Huntington. So
said Jarvis Rolph in the "Long Islander" in 1885.
Ruth (5) Wood married John Rogers in 1761. (See
Rogers Family.) Their daughter,
Elizabeth (6), married Zebulon Brush in 1800.
(See Brush Family.) Their son,
John Rogers (7) Brush, married Elizabeth Car-
man in 1823. (See Carman Family.) Their son,
George W. (8), married Maria Annette Bowers in
1868. (See Bowers Family.) Their son,
Herbert Bowers Brush, is ninth in descent.
Van Wyck Arms.
The Van Wyck Family
THE founder of the family in America was
Cornelius Barentse (i) Van Wyck, who
emigrated to this country in 1660 from Hol-
land, and settled in Midwout, now Flatbush. The
family originated in the town of Wyck bei Diersteade,
North Brabant, situated on the Teck, a branch of the
Rhine, about seventeen miles below Arnheim.
It is a picturesque old town with massive walls.
"The family descended from Chevalier Hendrick Van
Wyck, who lived about 1400. They were Roman
Catholics until Jan Van Wyck, a member of the Council
of Utrecht, married Wyancler Van Asch, a Protes-
tant, in 1575. She was the last of her family and
received her brother's property, provided her descend-
ants would join the family arms and carry the name
Van Asch- Van Wyck." (American Ancestry.)
Their son, Jacob Van Asch- Van Wyck (born 1584,
died 1635), married Anna Van Rynvelt and was
councillor and receiver-general. From them the whole
Protestant branch descends. The arms are a cross of
gold on a field of black with two silver thistles in each
quarter. Tradition says that one ancestor was a Cru-
sader, and the flowers represent some that grew in
Palestine. The whole is surmounted by a crown up-
lifted by two griffins, as shown in the cut at the head
of this article.
Cornelius (1) Barentse Van Wyck, who came to
America, became one of the patentees of Flatbush and
a member of the Dutch Reformed Church there in
1677. Old records show that he took the oath of
allegiance to ''William, Prince of Orange, Sept. 26,
1687, in the thirde year of his majesties raigne." "Thus
we have an introduction to the first representative from
an old and respected noble family in the Low Coun-
He owned land in Flatbush on the north side of the
main road leading from New Utrecht to Flatbush and
east of the Flatbush church lands. (Bergen's Early
Settlers of Kings County, New York.)
Dominie Theodorus Johannes Polhemus came from
Itamarca, Brazil, where he had been a missionary, with
Catharine (Werven), his wife, and they were in Flat-
bush in 1654. He was the first Dutch Reformed min-
ister to settle on Long Island, and until about 1660 he
was in charge of three churches, Breukelen, Midwout
(Flatbush) and Amersfoort (Flatlands). He was
born in Holland 1598, died 1676. His daughter,
Anna, married Cornelius Barentse (1) Van Wyck.
Theodorus (2), their son, was born 1668. April
29, 1693, he married Margretia (1675-1741), daughter
of Abraham (Joris) and Aeltie (Stryker) Brinckerhoff
and granddaughter of Joris (Dirck) and Susanna
(Dubbles) BrinckerhofI and of Jan and Lambert je
(Seabering) Stryker. (American Ancestry.)
Theodorus (2) was
justice of the peace
in Queens County
from 1 7 18 to the year
of his death, 1753.
He and his brother,
Johannes (2), who
settled at Flushing,
in the Jamaica Dutch
In 1 70 1 he went to
Great Neck and built
the house now owned
by the Hicks family.
He owned large
tracts of land and the
place is still a farm of
nearly one hundred
Flatbush Dutch Reformed Church.
acres. It lies in a long section running from the
village to the water's edge, "Hicks' Lane" running
through much of it, to the old house, which stands
on a pleasant slope close to the water, having a fine
view over the arm of Manhasset Bay to the shores on
the other side. The house is surrounded by fine old
trees and is in excellent condition, having been im-
proved in various ways, but not materially altered.
A broad veranda extends along the whole front of
the house and the general effect is homelike and at-
tractive, as may be seen in the cut accompanying this
description. The Hicks brothers took their grand-
father's name, who probably had the place from
his father-in-law, whose name was Morrell, and
who is said to have bought the property from the
Van Wyck family ; thus the changes in ownership
seem to have been few in the two centuries which
The family Bible of Theodorus Van Wyck is said
to be in the possession of Theo. Van Wyck Brincker-
hoff, of Fishkill, N. Y. Cornelius (3) and Theodorus
(3), sons of Theodorus (2) and Margretia, went to
Fishkill in 1736 and were the progenitors of the Van
Wycks of that town. In a cemetery there we find on
a gravestone this inscription : "Here lyes buryed The
Bodye of Theodorus Van Wyck, Esqr., who was born
on Long Island Oct. ye 15, 1697. Removed to Fish-
kill 1736. Departed this life 1776 and in the year of
the Independence of America" and also "Mrs. Elizabeth
Van Wyck, wife to Theodorus Van Wyck, Born 1698,
Dyed 1764 in ye 66 year." Mary (4), a daughter of
Theo. (3), of Fishkill, married Zephaniah Piatt, of
Poughkeepsie, who was the original proprietor of
Plattsburg and a descendant of Epenetus Piatt, of
Huntington, L. I. (Epenetus was brother of Isaac
Piatt, whose daughter, Elizabeth, married John (2)
Brush about 1685.) Hon. James P., son of Zephaniah
Piatt, married Sarah Breeze, sister of Rear Admiral
Samuel Livingston Breeze, U. S. N.
Gen. Charles H. Van Wyck, a descendant of Cor-
nelius (3), was Governor and United States Senator
Abraham (3), the third son, settled in New York
City and married Catharina Prevoost in 1717, (Rec-
ords Dutch Reformed Church, New York City.)
Theodorus (2) died in 1753 and his grave is in the
Thorne ground at Great Neck, where his father, Cor-
nelius Barentse (1) Van Wyck was probably buried
also, as Miss Anne Van Wyck, of Brooklyn, found
a field stone there marked "Cors. Wyck," which has
since become illegible. She has recently erected a
granite monument to the memory of Theodorus and
Margretia Van Wyck, and other ancestors, in Christ
churchyard at Manhasset. L. I.
Barent (3), the fourth son of Theodorus and Mar-
gretia, was born March 30, 1703, at Great Neck, and
baptized at the Reformed Dutch Church of Jamaica.
In 1724 he went to East Woods, now Woodbury, town
of Oyster Bay, and in 1727 married Hannah, born
1704, daughter of Thomas Carman, of Merrick. (See
Registry of St. George's Church, Hempstead.)
Thomas was brother of John Carman, who married
Elizabeth Wood. (See Carman Family.) Barent (3)
was a supporter of the Dutch Church and was one
of the building committee when the church of that
denomination was organized in 1732 at Wolver Hol-
low, now Oyster Bay. The record of baptisms does
not begin until Oct. 24, 1741. (Hist. Dutch Reformed
Church of Jamaica, by Onderdonk.) He made his
will the 4th of January, i/49-'50, and died soon after,
his eldest son, Thomas (4), being an executor. He
left certain real estate to be sold for the benefit of
his wife and three daughters, and his 800 acres of land
at Woodbury to his four sons. Theodorus (4) sold his
quarter to Thomas (4) about 1737. Capt. Abraham
(4) sold his quarter to Samuel (4), left Queens County
and bought 200 acres at W T est Neck, Huntington Har-
bor, L. I. This property he sold to Abraham (5) Van
Wyck, Jr., his nephew and son-in-law, in 1793, who
was father of Joshua (6), whose daughter, Miss Anne
Van Wyck, of Brooklyn, has been referred to.
In 1795 Thomas (4) offered his half for sale, and
about the same time Samuel (4) sold his property and
removed to Classen's Point, Westchester, N. Y.
Under date of Jan. 31, i749-'50 the Register of
St. George's Church at Hempstead bears the following
record : "Baptized, Hannah Vanwick, widow, Thomas,
Theodorus, Samuel (adults), Abraham, Mary, Sarah,
Abigail (children)," showing that the family of seven
children (instead of six, as stated in several genealo-
gies) w r ere received into the Episcopal Church very
soon after the death of Barent (3) Van Wyck.
St. George's Church had held services some years
St. George's Church, Hempstead, L. I. Rebuilt 1822.
before its organization in 1704, and was one of the
first of the denomination on Long Island. Queen Anne
gave to it a Bible, prayer-book and communion service.
The Registry book, in which the first records were
made, in 1725, was given by Theodorus (2) Van
Wyck, of Great Neck. Abraham (4), son of Barent
(3), was a captain in the Provincial Militia, while his
brother, Thomas (4), was a captain in the loyal (or
Hannah, widow of Barent (3), died in 1790. Al-
though the names of only three daughters appear on
the register of baptisms at St. George's Church in
1749, and also in the will of Barent (3), there is con-
vincing evidence that there had been another daughter
who had died before her father. She was probably
born in 1731 or 1732 and was named,
Margaret (4), no doubt after Margretia Brinck-
erhoff, the mother of Barent (3). According to rec-
ords this was a favorite name in the family at that
A personal search of the registry of marriages of
the First Presbyterian Church of Huntington, L. I.
(which has never been published) revealed the record
of the marriage of "Zebulon Whitman, of Huntington,
to Margaret Van Wyck, of Oyster Bay, on Jan. 13,
1747-8." Barent 's (3) family was the only one of
the name living as far east as Oyster Bay. A careful
study of the family history shows no other Van Wycks
except those descended from Cornelius Barentse(i),of
Flatbush, living on Long Island at that time ; therefore
"Margaret (4) Van Wyck of Oyster Bay" must have
been the daughter of Barent (3), of Oyster Bay. She
died before the death of her father, which accounts for
the absence of her name from his will. The record of
the family of Barent (3) and Hannah (Carman) Van
Wyck, as far as can be learned from various sources,
is as follows :
Thomas (4), born Aug. 6, 1728, married Rachel
Eldert 17,43; died, 1815.
Theodorus (4), born May, 1730, married Martha
Robbins 1760; died, 1819.
Margaret (4), born probably in 1732, married Zeb-
ulon Whitman 1747-8; died, 1748-9.
Samuel (4), born Aug. 4, 1735; married Hannah
Hewlett 1766; died, 1810.
Abraham (4), born March 22, 1738; married Eliza-
beth Wright 1761 ; died, 1809.
Mary (4), married John Polhemus 1762.
Sarah (4), married Simon Cortelyou 1763; died,
Abigail (4), born Sept., 1748; married Thomas
Wicks 1767; died, 1816.
Margaret (4) (Van Wyck) Whitman, left one
Margaret (5) Whitman, born Jan. 12, 1748-9,
who married Zophar Brush. (See Whitman and Brush
Families.) Although not mentioned in her grand-
father's will she received some of the family silver,
tablespoons and teaspoons, which came into the pos-
session of two of her granddaughters, Amelia and
Mary Brush (see will of Zophar Brush, page 19), who
had them melted and made into a more modern
pattern. One was lost and thus preserved from this
transformation, and about i860, in digging a drain
near the Brush Homestead, at West Hills, the
small silver teaspoon was found, marked "B.
V. W." which John R. (7) Brush said had belonged
to his great-great-grandfather "Bont" (Barent) (3)
Van Wyck, and had been in the possession
of his grandmother, Margaret (5) (Whitman) Brush,
granddaughter of Barent (3) Van Wyck. He remem-
bered having heard many years before that one of the
set had been lost. This spoon is still in the family.
The farm of Barent (3) Van Wyck at Woodbury, L.
B^VW I., is now usually known as the Hewlett place. The
graves of Barent (3) and Hannah are said to be in
the corner of the woods in sight of the house, a spot
selected by himself.
(Elizabeth (7) Brush, sister of John Rogers (7)
Brush, and great-granddaughter of Margaret (4) (Van
Wyck) Whitman, married John (6) Van Wyck, of
Woodbury, whose father was Richard (5), son of
Theodorus (4), who was son of Barent (3). Many of
their descendants are now living in Brooklyn and
vicinity, among them being Samuel (7) Van Wyck, a
former Supervisor of Kings County, and his son, Al-
bert (8), and daughter, Eliza (8). Former Mayor Rob-
ert A. (7) and Ex- Judge Augustus (7) are also de-
scendants of Barent (3) Van Wyck.)
Zebulon (6), son of Zophar and Margaret (5)
(Whitman) Brush, married Elizabeth Rogers. (See
Rogers Family.) Their son,
John Rogers (7) Brush, married Elizabeth Car-
man. (See Carman Family.) Their son,
George W. (8), married Maria Annette Bowers.
(See Bowers Family.) Their son,
Herbert Bowers Brush, is ninth in descent.
The Carman Family
THIS coat of arms has been used by several
branches of the family for many years, among
them that of Mr. Nelson G. Carman, of
Brooklyn, New York City; Mr. E. S. Car-
man, of Manhattan, New York City, and Mr.
Bliss Carman, the distinguished Canadian poet and
literateur, whose father also used it. The earliest trace
of the name obtainable is of a Carman in the Norman-
French forces that came into England with William
the Conqueror. The next mention is of a Thomas Car-
man, who was among the last of the martyrs burned
at the stake, about 1558, in the persecution under
"Bloody Mary." In records of Woburn, Suffolk
County, England, reference is made to "Margaret ux
John Carmyn" (Harleian Soc. 32).
In an old record of Capt. John Smith's troops in
Virginia occurs the name of Henry Carman. There
were families of the name at Cape May, N. J., and
also in Cecil County, Maryland, as early as 1690, the
Christian names of whom, Caleb, Joshua and John,
seem to show a common ancestry with the family of
John ( 1 ) Carman and his wife, Florence (Ford-
ham ) , to whom he was married in England, in 1631,
and who came from England in the "Lion" with Elliott,
the Indian apostle, arriving on Xov. 3 of the same
year. Some say that they came from Halifax, Eng.,
others that their old home was in Hemel Hempstead,
fifteen miles out from London, now a part of Greater
London. This seems the more probable from the name
given to their home in the New World. They stopped
for a short time in Roxbury, and also in Lynn, Mass..
before coming to L0112: Island.
Nov. 3, 1881, the 250th anniversary of their arrival,
was celebrated at Hempstead by the "Association of
the Descendants of John and Florence Carman." A
full account of the occasion was published in the local
papers. The Rev. I. N. Carman, of St. Paris, Ohio,
who was present, preserved a copy, which was later
given to Mr. E. S. Carman, of the "Rural New
Yorker." Gen. E. A. Carman, of New Jersey, was the
historian of the association, and at that time Chief
Clerk of the Department of Agriculture at Washing-
ton, D.C. Theodore F. Randolph, ex-Governor of New
Jersey, was a descendant from John and Florence Car-
man also. Another one was Stephen Carman, of
Hempstead, L. I., who was a member of the conven-
tion that met in Poughkeepsie in 1788 to ratify the
proposed Constitution of the United States, and voted
to ratify. Among his associates at that time were
Alexander Hamilton, Livingston, Melancthon Smith,
Clinton and other distinguished statesmen.
From Mr. William S. Carman, at one time Presi-
dent of the Association, much of the information con-
tained in this account was obtained.
The records show that "in 1643 tne village of
Hempstead, L. I., was settled by a colony from New
England, the land, (about 120,000 acres) being pur-
chased from the Marsapeague and other Indian tribes
by the Rev. Robert Fordham and John Carman ;" the
original deed being still in the possession of some of the
family. The tract extended from the East River to
what is now Garden City, and embraced a large part
of Brooklyn. Weathersfield, Conn. ; St. John, N. B. ;
Fordham, N. Y., and Denton, Md., were also founded
by the Carman family.
The Rev. Robert Fordham was father of Florence,
the wife of John (1) Carman. He was the leader of
the colony which came from Stamford, Conn., and was
the first minister of the Hempstead church, which was
built in 1648. This was Congregational or Presby-
terian. Mr. Fordham was succeeded by John Moore,
and the third pastor was Richard Denton, according
to the researches of Dr. W. W. Tooker, of Sag Har-
Robert Fordham was son of Philip Fordham, of
Sacombe, Hertfordshire, England. He came to
America with his wife, Elizabeth, and family, in 1640,
and was in Cambridge and Sudbury, Mass., before or-
y BRUSH— BOWERS
ganizing the migration from Stamford to Hempstead.
> In 1644 patents for the land on Long Island which had
been bought from the Indians were obtained from Gov.
Peter Stuyvesant. John (1) Carman died in 165 1.
y John (2), son of John (1) and Florence, was born
in 1633. Another son, Caleb, born in 1645, was the
first white child born in Hempstead. John (2) mar-
> ried Hannah, daughter of Capt. John Seaman, who
"came from Essex, Norfolk Co. Eng. young and un-
married." He married first, Hannah Strickland, and
v second, Maria Moore, of Newtown, L. I., who was the
mother of Hannah Seaman. Capt. Seaman was a
Quaker and descended from an ancestor who was
v burned at the stake in England during the persecu-
tion of the Puritans. He was one of the first settlers
in Hempstead, a large land owner, and a magistrate
v in 1656. He died in 1695.
John (2) Carman died in 1684.
John (3) went to Huntington in 17 18, and died
v in 1759. His will mentions his "son John" as his "heir-
John (4) married Elizabeth Wood, Dec. 29, 1732,
and died in 1788, according to records of the First
Presbyterian Church of Huntington. (See — Wood
y John (5) was born Jan. 10, 1741, and married
Jane Valentine, (who was born 1751 ) in 1772
The Long Island Valentines are descended from
y Richard Valentine, who was in Hempstead in 1644. and
was one of the sixty-six proprietors in 1667. He was
then 3 young man, probably a lineal descendant of
Richard Valentine, of Eccles, Lancashire, England.
The earliest record of this family (of Eccles) is the
will of Richard Valentine in 1520. He married Anne
Hapwood and left his estate to his son, Thomas, who
left his, in turn, to his son, Richard. He is called
"Thomas Volantyne of Beaucliffe, County Lancaster,
John (5) and Jane Carman had four children, John
(6), Mary (6), who married a Smith; Elizabeth (6),
and Phebe (6). The two latter never married. Phebe
(6) outlived all the others, and had a large collection
of family relics in "her part" of the old homstead, in-
cluding quaint old dresses and bonnets, home spun
linen and even the flax in hanks which she and her
mother and sisters had prepared for weaving many
years before, some of which are in the possession of
the family of the writer. John ( 5 ) Carman died in
April, 1825, and his widow, Jane, July 30, 1834. They
were buried in the family ground near the homestead
at Half Hollow Hills, which was occupied by their
great-grandson, Clarence Carman, until 1902.
John (6) was born in 1773, and in 1796 married
Mary Bloomfield. (See Bloomfield Family.) They
had seven children and spent their lives on the farm
just referred to. John (6) and all his ancestors, as
far as known, were Presbyterians. He died in 1857.
Mary ( Bloomfield ) Carman is remembered by her
grandchildren as a very genial, energetic woman. She
died in 1852 at the age of seventy-seven. The children
were John Bloomfield (7), Abigail (7), Elizabeth (7),
Jane (7), Mary Ann (7), Jarvis (7), and Timothy (7).
Elizabeth (7), born Sept. 8, 1802, married John
Rogers Brush (see Brush Family). She resembled her
mother in features, having brown eyes and hair, and
her father in height and form, being rather short. She
was very domestic, quiet and industrious in her habits.
A devoted Christian from childhood, she spent much
time in later years in reading religious books and
hymns. Her son,
George W. (8) Brush, married Maria Annette
Bowers. Their son,
Herbert Bowers Brush, is ninth in descent.
The Bloomfield Family
THE family of Blofield was settled in Norfolk,
Eng., at a very early period. Thomas Blo-
field possessed lands in North Repps in that
Co. which he sold before 1466."
A "Robert Blofield was living at Hickling in 1479.
Thomas B. of Suestead Hall of Beeston Priory, Nor-
folk, was son of Thomas of South Repps." (Burke's
Landed Gentry, Vol. I.)
In an account of the Singleton family of Mendle-
sham, Suffolk County, reference is made to "Joane ux
Thomas Bloomfield of Mendlesham." (Harleian Soc,
Rev. Francis Blomefield, rector of Fersfield, in
Norfolk, was the author of "An Essay towards a Topo-
graphical History of Norfolk, containing a description
of Towns, villages and hamlets, foundations of monas-
teries and churches, also an account of villages and
likewise, an historical account of castles, seats and
manors, their present and ancient owners." This was
in eleven volumes, published at Fersneld in 173 1-1775,
and re-published in London in 1805. Among the sub-
scribers to this work was one Thomas Blofield, of
Salhouse, Norwich, Norfolk.
In the first volume the author gives many details
concerning his own family, and traces his own descent
back six generations from Henry ( 1 ) Blomefield,
Gent., of Fersfield. He also refers to an early mem-
ber of the family, "Sir Henry Broumflete alias Brome-
feldt who lived in the time of King Henry VI and was
one of those sent by him in 1433 to the Council of
Basle, at which time he bore the same coat of arms
as was used in 1603. He died without issue."
Many of the family died at Fersfield and their
tombs are in the parish church there. The epitaph of
John Blomefield, fourth generation from Henry (1),
says he was "sometime of Corpus Christi Coll. in
Cambridge and afterward an inhabitant of this place
where he lived a very charitable, humble, peaceful, de-
vout, good son of the church and died Dec. 22, 1700."
His son, Henry, was father of Francis (the author),
who "was instituted (rector) at the presentation of
Henry Blomefield, gent, (his father) patron of this
A picture and description of the coat of arms borne
by this gentleman shows it to be substantially the same
as that which has come down to us as a bookplate
through the ancestors who settled at Woodbridge, New
Jersey, excepting such changes and additions as had
been caused by intermarriages with other families bear-
ing arms. ( See cut at head of this article. ) The crest
is nearly identical, while the motto, "Pro aris et focis"
("For our altars and our firesides") is the same.
The heraldic blazoning of the Blomefield of Fers-
field coat of arms, is as follows : "Sa on a chevron or,
three broom br. vert budded gal : on a canton of the
second a spear sab. embriled broken in the truncheon."
Then follow the quarterings added from intermarriages
with four different families. The crest is "a demi tiger
az. mane and tail arg. holding in paws a sword broken
Many changes in the spelling of the name are
noticeable, Bromfield, or Broomfield, being apparently
the most ancient. A book called "Kings Chapel Burial
Ground, Boston, Mass.," by Bridgman, gives an obitu-
ary notice from which the following extracts are taken,
because the early family history of the subject is linked
with that of the Norfolk Blomfields : "The Brom-
fields were first heard of in Wales in the time of Fd-
ward II. (i 307- 1 327), where they had extensive pos-
sessions. Next in Derbyshire whence a younger son,
William, removed to London and became Lieut, of
Ordnance in the Tower under Queen Elizabeth ( 1558-
1603). He acquired by marriage, large estates in Nor-
folk where, before this time, a branch of the family had
been settled to whom Edward VI. in 1553 granted an
augmentation of their coat armor. Sir Edward Brom-
field was Mayor of London in 1635, some of whose
descendants came to America. The family seat was
Haywood House, near New Forest."
The "augmentation of the coat armor" to William
Bromefeyld was granted by the following document :
"To all nobles and jentles — Thos. Hawley Claren-
cieulx, Principall herauld and Kyng of arms of the
South Easte and Weste partes of this Realme of Eng-
lande sendeth dew and humble commendacion and
gretyng. Equyty willeth and reason ordenith that men
virtuous and of noble courage be for their merytes and
good renown rewarded, not alone by their persons in
this Mortall lyfe, so brief and transitory, but also after
them those that shall be of their bodyes descended, to
be in all places of honor with other renowned, accepted
and taken by certvne enseigmes and demonstrancvs of
honor and noblesse. And forasmuch as William Brome-
feyld of South Rayngham in the Co. of Norfolk, gen-
tillman, is descended of an anntyent house berying
arms and hath in the Kyngs Majestys warres, both in
Fraunce and Scotland, bled himself so valauntly and
manfully that he is well worthy to have an augmenta-
tion to his said amies ; yet nevertheless he, uncertyne
under what sorte and maner his predecessors have their
Creste and tynture, not willing to do any thing that
should be precudiciall to any gentillman of name and
amies, hath desyred me the said Clarencieulx. Kyng
of armes to ordeyne, assigne and set forth to his saide
amies a creste dew and lefull to be borne. And there-
fore, the said Clarencieulx sying his request so juste,
and reasonable, by the authorite and power annexed
attributed, given and granted by the Kyng, our Sover-
ayne Lord Highnes, to me and to my office of Claren-
cieulx, Kyng of armes, by expresse wordes under his
Majestys most noble greate seal, have ordered, assigned
and set forth to his saide amies an augmentacion with
a Creste dew and lawfull, to be borne, in maner here-
after foloweth (that is to say:) Sable on a Chevron
Silver, three braunches of brome vert budded golde, on
a canton of the same a spere head asur. the poynte
bluddy, in the socket a truncheon of the spere broken,
on his healme, on a wreth silver and geules, a demy
Tygre asur. the mayne and the Tayle flaxed silver,
langued geules, tusked gold, holding in his pawes a
sworde hilted and pomeled silver, porfled gold, the
blade broken, mantled geules, dobled silver as more
plainly apereth depicted in this margent. To have and
to hold to him and his posteritie forevermore. Geven
and granted at London the Xth of Januarye in the 7th
yere of the reigne of our Souveraigne Lorde Edward
the Syxth, by the grace of God Kyng of England,
Fraunce and Ireland, defender of the faithe and of the
Churche of England and Ireland, under Christ the
supreme head." Again comparing this blazoning (or
description) with the cut at the head of this article,
the common origin is evident ; the slight changes being
such as might be expected from the lapse of time and
the descent from one generation to another. An old
print of the bookplate, from which the coat of arms
is here reproduced, is in the possession of Mr. and
Mrs. B. F. Jervis, of Ithaca, N. Y., both of whom are
descendants from Jonathan Bloomfield, of Wood-
bridge, N. J.
The Heraldic Journal and Burke's Armoury give
descriptions of other "arms" of other branches of the
family, several of which are similar to those already
The records show that there were some of the name
both in Norfolk and Suffolk, adjoining counties in the
eastern part of England, from which many Puritans
came to America, among them,
Thomas (i) Bloomfield, with his four sons,
Thomas (2), John (2), Benjamin (2), and Ezekiel
(2), and his daughter, Mary (2). They came from
Woodbridge, Suffolk County, England.
Thomas (1) had been a Major in the Army of
Oliver Cromwell. He was probably in Newbury,
Mass., before going to New Jersey.
About 1 660- 1 665, in company with several asso-
ciates, he took a lease of the then proprietors of New
Jersey, the Duke of York and Lord Carteret, of a
tract of land, comprising sixty-four square miles, lying
in a compact form and including the present towns of
Amboy and Woodbridge. This lease really was a
transfer of the fee simple, a certain rent being re-
served for the original proprietors, who, however,
judging from the nature of the country and the con-
venient harbor upon which the City of Amboy is now
situated, and believing that it would become a seat of
business and commerce, afterward, in consideration of
a reconveyance of three square miles at this point, ex-
ecuted a release of the rent, as to the remainder. By
this means the company became possessed of sixty-one
square miles, free from incumbrance and without the
expenditure of any valuable consideration.
The lands were divided among the associates, and
they called the place of their settlement Woodbridge,
after the town in England, from which several, or most
of them came.
Of the children of Thomas ( i ) Bloomfield, Ben-
jamin (2) left no issue. Mary (2) was married to
Jonathan Dunham. She was afterward shot by a slave,
who was burned to death for the crime. She left two
children, Thomas (3) and John (3).
Ezekiel (2), born 1653, married Hope Randolph
about 1680, and they had six children, Mary (3), Tim-
othy (3), Jeremiah (3), Benjamin (3), Ezekiel (3),
and Joseph (3), born 1695. Ezekiel (2) was a repre-
sentative to the General Assembly in 1687 and died in
Joseph (3) married "Unis Dunham 1721. She was
a daughter of Jonathan and Easter (Rolph) Dunham
and was born 1702. She is called a cousin in some
records because she was daughter of the Jonathan
Dunham whose first wife was Mary Bloomneld, who
was shot by a slave." Joseph (3), and Eunice had three
children, who grew to maturity. Moses (4), born
1729, Hannah (4), born 1724, and Jonathan (4), born
Governor Joseph Bloomfield, of New Jersey.
1735. Joseph (3) died in 1782 and, according to the
custom of those days, left the greater part of his estate
to his eldest son, Moses (4), who had been "educated
a physician and surgeon in the best manner, having
finished his education in Edinboro."
After his return he married Sarah Ogden, a daugh-
ter of Moses Ogden, of Elizabethtown, N. J. They
had six children. Dr. Moses (4) Bloomfield was, dur-
ing the Revolutionary War, senior physician in a
United States hospital ; a representative to the Provin-
cial Congress, a Magistrate and an elder in the Presby-
terian Church. He died in 1791. His son, General
Joseph (5), who was a lawyer, was Governor of New
Jersey from 1801-12 and in Congress from 181 7-182 1.
"He was a Republican and an abolitionist. When Aaron
Burr was under indictment for murder in New Jer-
sey, Governor Bloomfield refused to interfere in his
behalf, although he had been his personal friend." He
was also a Brigadier General and Attorney General
of New Jersey. (Hildreth's Hist, of U. S.) The
town of Bloomfield was named for him. He married
a Miss Mcllvaine. They left no children.
Samuel (5), another son of Dr. Moses (4), stud-
ied medicine with his father. He married a daugh-
ter of Joseph Ellis, of Gloucester, N. J., and had three
sons, who came to maturity. The youngest two entered
the army during the last war with Great Britain. One
was killed in a duel near Greenbush, N. Y., the other
fell in the battle of Little York, in Upper Canada. The
eldest, Joseph (6), was consul at Cadiz in Spain, and
on his return married Miss Barberouz, the daughter
of a French gentleman who fled from St. Domingo at
the time of a revolution on that island. Of
Jonathan (4), (the younger son of Joseph (3)
and Eunice Bloomfield) and his family, his son, John
Wood ( 5 ) , wrote the following account when seventy-
nine years old, in 1844, which was published in the
"Rome Daily Sentinel," June 2, 1887:
'Jonathan Bloomfield, my father, was born the 25th
of Aug., 1735, and on the 12th of Jan., 1758, married
Elizabeth Wood, daughter of John Wood, of Hunt-
ington, L. I. (see Wood Family) by whom he had
nine children, two sons and seven daughters, to wit :
Jarvis, John Wood, Eunice, Betsey, Mary (died in
1773), Sarah (died 1780), both under ten years of
age ; Martha, Phebe and Mary. My mother died the
22c\ of Aug., 1776, leaving eight children, the oldest
about seventeen, the youngest a few days short of one
year old." (This was Mary (5), who became the wife
of John Carman, of Huntington, L. I.)
"In October, 1776, the American Army retreated be-
fore the British and encamped partly on my father's
farm. He suffered but little damage from this, but
the next day, he was "pressed" with his team to carry
baggage to Trenton for the American army. My
brother was sick and my father was obliged to go him-
self. Two or three days after, the British Army en-
camped on the same ground the Americans had occu-
pied — and then destruction commenced. Every hoof
was either purchased or driven off, the fences burned
and the house plundered. They staid only one night
and then moved forward. In about a week my father
returned with his team and by secreting it, saved it.
My brother continued some time very ill. On his re-
covery he entered the American Army as a volunteer
but was soon commissioned as an Ensign.
"My father had no money to provide for his proper
equipment and was obliged to sell one of his slaves, for
this purpose. In Dec, 1776, the British army met with
a check at Trenton and Princeton, which compelled
them to fall back on Brunswick, and they finally con-
centrated their forces at Arriboy. From this time for-
aging parties of the British were out continually be-
tween Amboy and Elizabethtown, and on the direct
road between them lay my father's farm. These forag-
ing parties and the militia were constantly skirmish-
ing and several battles were fought around my father's
house. At these times the children were put in the
cellar. At one time, as the British fled out of the
south door of the house, the militia entered it at the
north side. This situation was trying to my father in
the extreme. Not wealthy before these disasters, and
now poor, yet something must be done to save himself
and his family from utter destruction.
"My Uncle Moses had entered the army as a surgeon ;
he took his family with him when the army passed
through Woodbridge. His son, Joseph, was also in
the army, a captain, and was stationed at Fort Stan-
wix in 1776 or 1777. My mother had a sister, who
married William Cross, who lived at Basking Ridge ;
also an aunt, a sister of her father, who had married a
Mr. White. (At her home General Lee made his head-
quarters at the time he was captured by a party of Brit-
— j ?
ish horse.) Thither my father went to seek shelter for
himself and family, in which he succeeded, and returned
and took his children and housekeeper and transported
them over the mountains to Basking Ridge, where he
rented a house. Here he remained until the spring of
1778, when he returned to his farm, the enemy having
been driven out of New Jersey. His farm, however,
was only three miles distant from the line dividing the
two armies, and constantly subject to incursions of
refugee parties from Staten Island. Here we re-
mained, but in constant fear of being captured. Every
night, we were under the necessity of removing our
stock so as not to occupy the same place two nights
in succession and lay in the open air with them. In
the winter we had a place made under the hay-mow
to lodge, but nothing special happened to us till the
5th of August, 1780, when my sister, Sarah, was taken
very ill and my father thought best to send to the camp
for my Uncle Moses to come and see her, if, perhaps,
by his skill, he might relieve her. He came and notice
was given (to the enemy) by one of our neighbors of
our situation ; my father and slave and myself, all in
the house, the surgeon of the army and the parson of
the parish. Here was a fine chance for catching a
number of rebels, and a party of the refugees em-
braced it. They came first to my father's house, took
him and his slave and were about to take me. but my
step-mother told them to let that little boy alone. (They
said afterwards, if they had known how big I was, they
should have taken me.) From thence they went to
the parson's, took him and his negro man ; then to my
uncle, took him and a slave he had (who was a tory )
and thence to Daniel Moore, whom they took to cover
him from suspicion of being the spy or informer, as he
no doubt was. They then made the best of their way
to Staten Island, from whence they let Moore and the
doctor's man return. The rest were taken to Xew
York and shut up in the sugar-house. My sister died
the next day. My brother was immediately informed
of this transaction and got leave of absence, came
home, raised a company of volunteers, crossed over to
Staten Island and surprised a British guard of twelve
or fourteen men, took them without a gun being fired,
with several of the principal tory inhabitants, and
brought them off safe to Woodbridge.
"The consequence was that my father, my uncle and
the parson were exchanged within a fortnight. My
father's negro man was told he might go free, but he
replied that he would stay till he could go home with
his master, which he did, not long after, being ex-
changed for a British soldier. Nothing: further of con-
sequence happened to us till the close of the war, ex-
cept that in the winter of 1782 the refugees took a
horse out of the stable within ten feet from where my
father's negro man and myself were asleep in our secret
lodging place, and we did not hear them.
"This horse, however, my father recovered after
the close of the war.
"My brother, Jarvis, held the rank of lieutenant in
the New Jersey line, but he was compelled by his
straitened circumstances to withdraw, which he did in
1 78 1, and went on board a privateer commanded by
one Captain Truxton. The vessel on her first expedi-
tion afterward was captured and my brother thrown
into the prison-ship at New York, where he remained
till the summer of 1782, when he was exchanged, and
came home worn out by sickness caused by his un-
wholesome confinement. As soon as he recovered, he
formed a company of volunteers and fitted out sev-
eral large boats, with which he made trips from the
mouth of Woodbridge Creek round Staten Island and
cut out several merchant ships. After the war he en-
gaged in lumber trade between New York and the
coast of Virginia. In returning to New York with
the sloop which he commanded in 1794 he was thrown
overboard by a sudden turn of the boom as he came
on deck ; being sick and closely bound up in his over-
coat, before assistance could reach him he was drowned.
A few years before his death he had married and he
left one daughter, Anna, now Anna Bernhard of Con-
stantia, New York.
"Those of my sisters who arrived at maturity mar-
ried, to wit : Eunice married Jonathan Bloomfield ;
Betsey, Nathan Bloomfield ; Martha, Richard Marsh ;
Phebe, Timothy Jervis ; Mary, John Carman. All these
have or have left children, except Betsey.
"After the close of the war, I continued with my
father, assisting him on the farm till the fall of 1786,
when, through the influence of Joseph Bloomfield, I
went to Burlington and became interested in the manu-
facture of iron. In 1789 I married Ann Ellis, widow
of Joseph Ellis and daughter of Samuel Bullus. Two
years later the business partnership, into which I had
entered, being dissolved, it was found that we had lost
a good deal, my own loss being about $1,500 to $2,000,
for which I was in debt to my cousin, Joseph Bloom-
field. My father was not able to assist me, nor was
my father-in-law, although my wife had handsome ex-
pectations, from an entailed estate, which were after-
ward realized. In this situation I was at a loss what
to do. My father proposed to give up his farm to me
and leave me to pay small legacies to my sisters, but this
I absolutely refused to do, telling him that I desired no
more than my equal share of the estate and that I would
not consent but that he should remain in the possession
and enjoyment of it during his life. At this time I held
a bond of his for $250, which I had advanced to him
when he purchased additional land at the time he set
off a part of his farm to my brother, and my father,
knowing that I was largely indebted to Joseph Bloom-
field, was greatly distressed for fear this bond should
be transferred to him. To quiet my father's apprehen-
sions, I threw the bond into the fire, in his presence.
I continued in the business of manufacturing iron,
alone, till the fall of 1792. The next winter I was en-
gaged in arranging the business of my father-in-law,
"I came to the State of New York for the first
time in 1793. Mr. Mcllvaine, of Burlington, had pur-
chased a tract of land (1,600 acres) in the present town
of Lee from Joseph Bloomfield, whose title was de-
rived through one Giles from Matchin, the original
patentee, and one of the conditions of the patent was,
that a certain number of settlers should be settled upon
the land within a limited time. This time had nearly
expired, and to make arrangements for fulfilling the
conditions of the patent, and to inquire into the situa-
tion and value of the land, I came as Mr. Mcllvaine's
agent. I set out on horseback from Burlington in the
early part of April and travelled through Newark and
Bergen upon the west side of the Hudson River to
Tappan, from thence to Esopus, to Albany and Schen-
ectady. Of this place the Dutch had at that time full
possession, and I believe there was not a single English
inhabitant. I went up the Mohawk on the south side.
The flats were under full cultivation, but not yet di-
vided by fences. Even the road was entirely open, di-
rectly through fields of grass and grain. The cattle
of the settlers were kept principally upon the hills back
of the river. I crossed the Mohawk above Little Falls
and continued on to Fort Schuyler, which was a few
rods lower down the river than the site of the present
R. R. depot at Utica. About where the depot now
stands was the only house, with one exception, within
the limits of the present city of Utica. There was al-
ready a large clearing of about two hundred acres, but
I was unable to get food either for myself or my horse,
and was obliged to continue on, without stopping, to
Whitestown. This was the principal settlement, the
headquarters of civilization of the county of Oneida.
Here was the office of the county clerk, kept by Mr.
(afterward Judge) Piatt. Here the county courts were
held, and here was the most western post-office in the
State. The mail had been brought so far only two or
three years and was at first carried by a footman, but
it was then brought on horseback. Here Judge White
had been established with his family since 1784. His
son, Col. White (father of the present Judge White),
kept a public house on the opposite side of the road,
and with him I put up. There were already two stores
here, in one of which George Huntington had been
previously engaged as a clerk, but he, at this time, was
making arrangements to set up for himself at Fort
Stanwix, to which place he went this same spring.
There were in all perhaps from six to twelve houses
scattered along the road within half a mile of Judge
White's. I staid a week at Whitestown to recruit and
"My journey had been at the rate of about forty
miles a day and was fatiguing to me, not much accus-
tomed to this mode of travelling. Oneida County then
stretched far to the west and north of its present limits,
and the town of Whitestown was nearly, or quite, co-
extensive with it. The Indian title had been extin-
guished in 1786 as to all the lands in the county except
the reservation at Brothertown for the use of the rem-
nants of several tribes from Xew England and Xew
Jersey, the reservation of half a mile upon each side
of Fish Creek, from the lake to near the source of the
creek, made to secure to the Indians the right of fishing
in its waters without disturbance from, or disturbing
the whites, and several small reservations about Oneida
Lake. The tract known as Scriba's patent had been
contracted for with the State by an individual named
Roosevelt at the rate of seven cents an acre, and Georere
Scriba, of New York City, in company with four or
five others, had taken an assignment of his contract.
"At Whitestown, I agreed with one Young, a sur-
veyor, who resided there and had assisted in running
out the lands about which I came to inquire, to go with
me and point out their boundaries and assist me in ex-
ploring with a view to making a purchase. We came
together to Fort Stanwix, where there was one house,
a tavern kept by John Barnard, who was a tenant of
Dominic Lynch, for the carrying ground between the
Mohawk and Wood Creek. The carrying business was
brisk and the house was crowded constantly with boat-
men and emigrants. In this house, occupying part of
the bar-room and of the bar with his goods, George
Huntington, then a young, unmarried man, that spring
opened his first store. Young and myself went over
Mr. Mcllvaine's land and explored the tract since
known as the 6000 acre lot, lying between Mr. Mc-
llvaine's and the Indian reservation on Fish Creek, and,
finding the land very good, formed a company to pur-
chase of George Scriba four thousand acres, with per-
mission in the contract to extend it to six thousand, if
we thought proper. The company consisted of Daniel
C. White, John Young, myself and one other. The
contract was made by White and myself, who became
responsible for the purchase money. We received a
joint deed and gave a joint mortgage. The price was
twelve shillings, one quarter to be paid on receiving
the deed, which we were to receive the following De-
cember and which we received. The other partners
were bankrupt and could not hold any property, but
could find means to make the first payment. After
further exploring we concluded to extend the purchase
to six thousand acres. The additional two thousand
was, however, divided between White, Young and
myself, which gave us in all near 1700 acres each.
After allotting the tract, White and myself released
to each other the lots as divided between us.
"After this I went down Wood Creek in one of the
small boats used in conveying goods. In the same boat
was a Frenchman, who, a year or two before, had made
his escape from France, carrying along a nun whom he
had stolen from a convent there. He had married her
and for the purpose of security had taken up his abode
upon an island in Oneida Lake, about three miles from
the shore and from the site of the present village
of Rotterdam. The island contained about thirty
acres of land. He built a log hut upon it,
and supported himself and his wife mainly by
fishing. I recollect hearing of a laughable ad-
venture of his. At a time when he was very
much in need of provisions he espied a bear swimming
in the lake. He put off his boat to secure the prize, and
succeeded in throwing around the animal a rope which
was fastened to the end of the boat. He was afraid to
come near enough to despatch him, and dared not bring
him to the shore ; so he paddled about in the lake till
he thought the bear was drowned and then brought him
to the land and drew him up on the bank. The bear
was only partially strangled and gave a gasp which so
frightened the Frenchman that he ran away. His wife,
however, with more spirit, seized an axe and dispatched
the animal. This man remained till about 1796, when
the revolution in France had made it safe for him to
return home. He loaded his hoat with his wife and
chattels, and through Wood Creek, the Mohawk and
the Hudson — all the way in his own boat, he came to
New York, where Mrs. Scriba aided him with funds
to reach France.
"I staid a night at Rotterdam, where Mr. Scriba had
made something of a settlement, though he himself yet
resided in New York. From Rotterdam I went to the
mouth of the lake and engaged a settler, an experienced
woodsman, to go with me by water to the mouth of the
Salmon River and across the woods back to the lake.
We provided ourselves with three or four days' pro-
visions and a pocket compass, and took boat with a
party of refugee tories, who, unable to remain in peace
in the States, were emigrating to Canada. With them
we went down the river to Oswego and reached the
mouth of the Salmon River just as the day closed.
Here we camped for the night. In the morning the
boatmen set myself and my companions upon the oppo-
site shore and stood out across the lake for the Canada
shore. We laid a course with our compass, as near as
we could judge, for the mouth of Oneida Lake and-
struck off through the woods. At night, we built a
hut of boughs, made up a good fire in front of it, and,
though annoyed by the hooting of the owls and dis-
turbed sometimes by the wild animals whom we could
hear crackling among the' bushes around us, we lodged
safely and not unpleasantly. Soon after this I set out
on my return to N. J. I had a letter of introduction
to Judge Sanger, of New Hartford, and called at his
house on my way, but did not find him at home, and
continued on through the present town of Bridgewater
down the Unadilla River to Carr's Place, an old settle-
ment made hefore the (Revolutionary) war on the west
side of the river near its junction with the Susque-
hanna. Here I crossed and went to Cooperstown, where
I spent a night with William Cooper, whom I had pre-
viously known at Burlington, where he had lived before
his removal to New York State. In the early part of
the Revolutionary War Cooper was an oysterman and
fishmonger at Burlington. He married a Miss Fenni-
more, daughter of a small farmer who lived at the
mouth of Rancocas Creek on the banks of the Dela-
ware, and opened a store in Burlington, in the latter
part of the war. He was an enterprising man and be-
came agent, afterward, for the sale of lands in Xew
York belonging to several owners in Burlington and
Philadelphia. In the course of his business he secured
a good deal of the best land to himself and gathered to-
gether a very valuable estate. I think Cooper settled
at the foot of Otsego Lake in 1788-9. When I vis-
ited him there were perhaps half a dozen log houses
there and Cooper himself lived in a frame house, the
only one in the place, about where his son, Fennimore,
now resides. From Cooperstown I went up the west
side of the lake to the head of it, through what is now
the town of Springfield, to Fort Plain, thence down
the south side of the Mohawk to Schenectady and so
on to Albany, where I crossed the river and reached
the village of Hudson on the 4th of July. Here, tired
of travelling on horseback, I shipped myself and my
horse to New York and reached Burlington about the
10th of July, t 793."
John Wood Bloomfield (5) settled in Annsville,
which was named after his wife, in 1794, near the resi-
dence of Dr. Beach, in what is now called Taberg. In
1804 he removed to Rome, where he bought a farm of
forty acres, which included that part of the city now
bounded by Washington, Bloomfield, Madison and Elm
streets. The house which he lived in was removed to
the corner of Elm street and Turin road. "He was
a surveyor by occupation. At one time he had charge
of the iron works at Constantia and was also interested
in iron works at Taberg. He was a gentleman of the
old school, a public-spirited citizen and a benevolent
man. During four years he served as President of
the village of Rome. When the first church was built
he headed the subscription list with a liberal amount.
He died in 1849, an ^ was buried in the New Cemetery.
By his will he gave more than one-half his estate to
benevolent purposes." ("Rome Sentinel.") His sister,
Phebe, who married Timothy Jervis, was the mother
of the Hon. John Bloomfield (6) Jervis, the eminent
civil engineer. He was superintendent of the building
of the Erie and other canals and designed many im-
portant works, such as the Croton Aqueduct and the
High Bridge over the Harlem River. He was also
consulting engineer to supply Boston with water. The
town of Port Jervis was named for him. He was au-
thor of a book on "Railway Property," and of another
on "Capital and Labor." After the death of his wife,
their home, on the site of the home of John Wood
Bloomfield, was given to the City of Rome, together
with his private library, for a public library. "He lived
a life of industry, economy and Christian rectitude,"
and died at Rome in 1885.
Jonathan (4) Bloomfield, father of John Wood (5)
and Mary (5) Bloomfield, was a minute man in the
New Jersey militia, as certified by the Adjutant Gen-
eral of the State in 1895.
After the War of the Revolution was over he was
elder in the church and school commissioner. (See
Daily's "Hist, of Woodbridge, X. J.") He died in
1 810 and his tombstone is in the cemetery at Wood-
bridge. There is also a stone in memory of his little
daughter Sarah, who died the day after her father and
Uncle Moses were taken prisoners by the British, as
told in the foregoing narrative by John Wood (5)
Mary (5), born 1775, married in 1797 John Car-
man, of "Half Hollow Hills," town of Huntington,
L. I. (See Carman Family.) Their daughter,
Elizabeth (6), married Jan. 22, 1823, John Rog-
ers Brush, of West Hills, town of Huntington. L. I.
(See Brush Family.) Their son,
George Washington (7) Brush, married M.
Annette Bowers. (See Bowers Family.) Their son,
Herbert Bowers Brush, is eighth in descent.
The Bowers Family
GEORGE BOWER, or Bowers, the first of
the name in this country, is mentioned as being
in Scituate, Mass., in 1637, m Plymouth soon
after, and at Cambridge in 1639, where he lived on
the east side of North Avenue, near the railroad
bridge. He and his first wife, Barbara, were born in
England, and probably several of their children also.
(According to "Burke's Armoury" the Bower family
had ten coats of arms and Bowers three.)
One son, Benanuel (2), who was of Charlestown,
is said to have "suffered much as a Quaker," as did his
son, George. Benanuel (2) married Elizabeth Duns-
ter 1653. She is called "cousin" of Henry Dunster,
the first President of Harvard College. He was son of
Henry of Balehoult, a seat in Bury, Lancashire, Eng-
land. He graduated from Magdalen College, Cam-
bridge, England, took degrees in 1630 and 1634, came
to Cambridge, Mass., 1640, where he was a "freeman"
in 1 64 1. Soon after coming he was made President
of Harvard. His will mentions two sons and "daugh-
ter Elizabeth," who may have been the one who mar-
ried Benanuel Bowers. Another son of George (1)
was the Rev. John Bower, of Derby and Guilford,
Conn., who was graduated from Harvard in 1649 and
taught school in Plymouth in 1650. (See Hist, of Rev.
John Bower by C. C. Baldwin, a reprint from W. C.
Sharpe's Hist, of Seymour, Conn.)
Barbara, wife of George Bower (i), died in 1644,
and he then married Elizabeth Worthin^ton and "had
"Jerathmael (2), born May 2, 1650, probably in
Chelmsford, Mass. There were also two daughters,
Patience and Silence." George (1) died 1656, leav-
ing "Jerathmael to inherit with his mother the old
homestead at Cambridge."
Jerathmael (2) is referred to in the records as a
"prominent inhabitant" and a representative to the
General Court or Legislature. He married Elizabeth
, and is recorded at Chelmsford as one of the
proprietors of a tract of five hundred acres of land
bought from a Major Henchman in 1686.
Samuel (3) was married to Esther Satley in 1709
(Charlestown Genealogies). Their son,
Jeramael (4), was born in Groton, Mass. "Jera-
mael filius Samuel and Esther Bowers, baptized Aug.
18, 1717." (Groton Records.)
Jeramael (4) married Eunice, daughter of
Benjamin and Anna Bennett, Feb. 9, 1748, "both
of Groton." Their son,
John (5), was born Sept. 2, 1757, probably at Gro-
ton, Mass. He was a soldier in the War of the Revolu-
tion, having enlisted in Col. Asa Whitcomb's regiment
in 1775, from Leominster, Mass., according to certifi-
cate from the office of the Secretarv of State of Massa-
chusetts, in 1895.
He married Elizabeth Boutelle, of Leominster. Dec.
11, 1784. (See Boutelle Family.)
"After serving with honor he returned and emi-
grated to the wilds of New Hampshire, and purchased
land in the northern part of Hancock, in 1780. (In
1895 this property was owned by his grandson, Sam-
"Having cleared his land and built a cabin he
brought his young wife from Massachusetts." They
were anion? the seventeen original members of the first
church. (See History of Hancock, N. H.) They had
six children, John (6), Relief (6), Mary (6), James
(6), Luke (6), and Mark (6). John (5) died Aug.
10, 1808, and his wife March 12, 1845.
Both were buried at Hancock.
His gravestone is a large slate slab with the con-
ventional willows at the top, and this inscription be-
"Death, thou hast conquered me —
I, by thee, am slain,
But Christ has conquered thee,
And I shall rise again."
John (6) Bowers, son of John and Elizabeth, was
born Feb. 27, 1786, and was married March 1, 1809,
to Ursula Brooks, by the Rev. Reed Page, at Hancock.
(See Brooks Family.) He was a farmer in a region
where rocks abound, and only industry and frugality
could have enabled him to bring up his family of
thirteen children. Their names were Elizabeth (7),
John (7), Abigail (7), William (7), Ursula Ann (7),
Mary J. (7), George (7), Isaac Walter (7), James (7),
Charles (7), Lorin (7), Sanford (7), and Charlotte
(7). John (6) died Oct. 2, 1840, his wife, Ursula,
Oct. 10, 1856. Their graves are in Oakwood Ceme-
tery, at Troy, N. Y. Their son,
Isaac Walter (7), was born May 3, 182 1, and
married June 19, 1843, Adeliza Tirzah Baldwin, of
Hoosick Falls, N. Y. (See Baldwin Family.) He
was exceedingly fond of study all his life, and when
actively engaged in business he frequently studied far
into the night, and when, in later life, he retired from
his profession of dentistry, he spent most of his time
in the study of evolution and astronomy, the comput-
ing of eclipses and similar work. One daughter, Alice
Adeliza (8), was born at Hoosick Falls, Dec. 8, 1845.
The only other child, Maria Annette (8), was born
at Troy, Jan. 21, 1850. In 1859 the family moved to
Brooklyn, where, some years later, on account of some
annoying experiences with his name, Isaac, he had
it legally changed to Henry, retaining the middle name
of Walter. He died at Saratoga Springs, March 9,
1 89 1. Adeliza Tirzah, his wife, died in Brooklyn, N.
Y., June 9, 1900. Their graves are in the Rural Ceme-
tery at Huntington, L. I.
Their daughter, Alice Adeliza (8), was married
March 30, 1865, to Capt. George W. Brush, of the
34th U. S. C. T., by Rev. Henry Ward Beecher. She
was lost at sea Oct. 22, 1865. (See Brush Family.)
Maria Annette (8), second daughter of Isaac
(Henry) W. (7) and Adeliza T. Bowers, was mar-
ried to George W. Brush Jan. 21, 1868, by the Rev.
Henry Ward Beecher. Their son,
Herbert Bowers Brush, was born Feb. 12, 1873,
and is ninth in descent.
Mrs. Adeliza T. Bowers and her two daughters,
Alice A. and M. Annette. 1855.
The Brooks Family
HINMAN, in his "Early Settlers of Connecti-
cut," says that Brooks and Brookes were
names of Scotch families, and had but one coat
of arms, while Brook and Brooke were of England
and had many. The Brookes arms are described thus :
"Sa, 3 escallops or, Crest, a beaver pass. Motto, Per-
Henry (i) Brookes, of Concord and Woburn,
Mass., the first of the line in this country, appears on
the tax list of the latter town in 1649. Woburn, which
was one of the earliest settlements, was first called
Charlestown village. (See Woburn Historic Sites.)
Henry (1) married Susanna, widow of Ezekiel Rich-
ardson, who died in 1681. In 1682 he married Annis
Jaquith. In his will he mentions his wife, Annis, sons
John (2) and Isaac (2), and daughter Sarah (2), wife
of John Mousall. He died in 1683. His son,
John (2), married in 1649, Eunice Mousall (sister
of John Mousall, the husband of his sister, Sarah).
The father of these two, Deacon John Mousall, was
an original grantee of the town, one of the first seven
members of the first church, and selectman for twenty-
one successive years. In his will he mentions "my
two sons," referring to his own son and his son-in-
law, John Brooks. He left considerable property for
those times. "Hopewell House" was owned in com-
mon by John Brooks and John Mousall, in 1673. In
1676 John (2) took part in King Philip's war, and in
1684 his wife, Eunice, died. Shortly after he mar-
ried Mary, widow of Theophilus Richardson, who was
son of Ezekiel and Susanna Richardson, who, there-
fore, was already the mother-in-law of Mary.
John (2) volunteered and went with the Phipps'
Expedition to Quebec, Canada, in 1690. (See Mass.
Archives, vol. 36, pp. 346-7.) His death in 1691 was
probably hastened by the exposures incident to this
campaign, as he must have been over sixty years old
at the time. His widow died in 1704.
John (3), son of John (2) and Eunice, was born
1664, and died 1733. His son,
Nathan (4), was born 1706, and married, 1726,
Sarah, daughter of Jonathan and Hannah (Fowle)
Wyman, of Woburn. Sarah died 1747. Nathan, in
1 75 1. Their son,
William (5), was born in Woburn 1737, and 1757
married Abigail, daughter of Zerubbabel and Abigail
Kemp. They removed to Hollis, N. H., where their
William (6), was born, 1760. He married first
Deborah, daughter of Robert Parker, of Groton, Mass.,
1782, who died 1824. He afterward married Hepsibah,
daughter of William and Sarah Draper, of Francetown,
William (6) Brooks was an officer in the Revolu-
tionary army, and according to a certificate of service
from the office of the Adjutant General of the State, he
enlisted Aug. 6, 1778, as ensign of Capt. Emerson's
Company, Col. Moses Nichols' Regiment, for the ex-
pedition in Rhode Island. The soldiers of the army
of that time do not seem to have enlisted for any defi-
nite time, but for a specific service. Also, on Sept. 1,
1778, he was enrolled as Sergeant of Capt. Nathaniel
Chapman's Company, Col. Flower's Regiment of Ar-
tillery and Artificers. Discharged March 18, 1780.
Again "the returns of the 5th Reg't of Militia of the
state of N. H. for three months" shows "Lieut. Will-
iam Brooks of Hollis" to have marched Sept. 23, 1781.
He was called "Major Brooks," but the above is the
record of active service. The title of Major may have
been by brevet. After the war he was farmer and
blacksmith, besides representing the town of Hancock,
N. H., to which he had removed in 1786, for ten years,
in the "General Court" or Legislature, from 1798 to
1808, excepting the year 1802. (See History of Han-
cock, N. H.) He died in 1843 m Greenfield, N. H.
His grave is at Hancock. His third child,
Ursula (7), was born in 1788. The old house is
still standing in which she was born, and the present
owner is Mrs. Caroline L. Chase. It has been recently
altered and repaired. Members of the Bowers family
living at Hancock relate that members of the previous
generation told of the generous hospitality of the
Brooks family and of the merry times enjoyed at their
home when Ursula (7) and her brothers and sisters
were young, especially mentioning the courtesies ex-
tended to the students attending the excellent school
there. A small portrait of Ursula (7) Brooks, taken
in her later life, is in the possession of the writer. She
married John Bowers March i, 1809. (See Bowers
Family.) Their son,
Isaac Walter (8) Bowers, married Adeliza T.
Baldwin, June 19, 1843. Their daughter,
Maria Annette (9) married George W. Brush.
Herbert Bowers Brush, is tenth in descent.
Mr. Z. W. Brooks, of Hancock, N. H., and Mr.
William R. Cutter, Librarian of Woburn (Mass.) Li-
brary, both descendants from Henry Brooks, of Wo-
burn, have kindly contributed items for this sketch.
The Boutelle Family
THE family is of ancient Norman descent, went
to England with the Conqueror, and came from
England to this country in the very early days.
The name was originally De Boutville, and so appears
on the Battle Abbey Roll. Before the 14th Century
it was changed to Boutelle, or Boutwell. (American
The records of this line are quite complete, and
doubtless many particulars could be learned, as a large
collection, described as "a trunk full of papers/' which
belonged to Mr. John A. Boutelle, late of Woburn,
Mass., are now the property of the "New England His-
torical and Genealogical Society," of Boston. Two
brothers, James and John, settled in Massachusetts
about 1636. John removed to the New Haven Colony
the same year.
James (i) Boutelle was a farmer of Salem and
Lynn, Mass. He is said to have "owned rights in
Westfield towards Cambridge in 1638." He made his
will in 1 65 1, mentioning his wife, Alice, sons James (2)
and John (2), and a daughter, Sara (2). He also
had a son, Samuel (2).
James (2) Boutelle was born in 1642, and mar-
ried at Reading, Mass., Rebecca, daughter of "Deacon"
Thomas and Rebecca Kendall. She was born Feb. 10,
1645, an d died 1713. Her husband, James (2), died
1716. Their son,
James (3), was born at Reading, April 6, 1666,
and married Jan. 20, 1690, Elizabeth Frothingham,
born Feb. 15, 1673. She was daughter of Samuel and
Ruth (George) Frothingham, who were married in
1668. Samuel was son of William Frothingham, of
Yorkshire (Holderness) England, who came with
Winthrop's fleet in 1630. He was in Charlestown in
1632, married Anna , who was born 1607, an d
died 1674. William died 165 1. James (3) died Jan.
18, 1713. His grave is at Reading. His widow, Eliza-
beth, married Benj. Swayne.
James (4) was born at Reading, Dec. 25, 1690,
married Judith Poole Feb. 7, 1723. They lived in Sud-
bury and Framingham. He owned "rights" in New
Framingham and in Leominster, Mass., where he was
one of the first settlers. His gravestone and that of
his wife at Leominster are inscribed as follows : "In
memory of Dea. James Boutell who died Aug. 22,
1752, in the 53d year of his age" and "Memento Mori
— erected in memory of the widow Judith Boutell who
departed this life May 28th, 1791, in the 91st year
of her age.
As you are now, so once was I,
As I am now, so you must be,
Prepare thyself to follow me."
Stop, passenger as you go by
James (5), their son, was born in Sudbury, April
9, 1726, and April 16, 1752, married Elizabeth Smith.
He died Oct. n, 1791. Their graves are also at
Elizabeth (6), their daughter, was born March
12, 1759. A "sampler" embroidered by her contained
the letters of the alphabet and her initials, and is now
in the possession of the writer, her great-grand-
daughter. William (6), a brother of Elizabeth, served
in the Revolutionary War under General Stark, at
the Battle of Bennington, Aug. 16, 1777.
The name James has been continued, a tenth
James Boutelle being now living. The family is said
to be characterized by "marked ability with a disposi-
tion to investigate each for hmself, rather than to ac-
cept the conclusions of others." Elizabeth (6) mar-
ried John Bowers Dec. 11, 1784. (See Bowers Family.)
One Henry Boutelle, of Cambridge, married Eliza-
beth, widow of George Bower, or Bowers, in 1657.
This was evidently Elizabeth Worthington, the sec-
ond wife of the first of the name of Bowers in this
country, the mother of Jerathmael, who was born
1650. This shows that the names and families of
Bowers and Boutelle were joined more than a century
before John Bowers and Elizabeth (6) Boutelle were
married in 1784. Their son, John (7) Bowers, mar-
ried Ursula Brooks, (See .Brooks Family.) Their
Isaac Walter (8) Bowers, married Adeliza T.
Baldwin. (See Baldwin Family.) Their daughter,
Maria Annette (9) Bowers, married George W.
Brush. (See Brush Family.) Their son,
Herbert Bowers Brush, is tenth in descent.
The Baldwin Family
THE name, in one form or another, is found in
many European languages, in the German,
Scandinavian and Italian. "Bald" means bold
or quick, and "win" signifies victor.
The family was in England as early as 672, and
was noted in history.
In the famous Roll of Battle Abbey one of the
name is mentioned as contemporaneous with Alfred
the Great, whose son, Baldwin the second, married
Elstruth, daughter of Alfred. Baldwin the fifth mar-
ried a daughter of Robert of France, whose daughter
married William the Conqueror.
Sir John Baldwin, of Buckinghamshire, was Chief
Justice of Common Pleas from 1 536-1 546. His home
was at Aylesbury. He and one Richard Baldwin were
the ancestors of most of the name in America.* Rich-
ard, of Donrigge, Parish Aston, Clinton, Bucking-
hamshire, yeoman, left a large property in 1553. Rich-
ard, of Cholesbury, his son (or grandson), died in
1633, and his three sons emigrated to New England
and appeared in the list of "free planters" at Milford,
Conn., in 1639. He is described as "an educated, lead-
: The family arms consist of a shield with three pairs of hazel or
oak leaves arranged upon it, with a golden squirrel above. The mottoes
were "Je n'oublerai pas" and "Est Voluntas Dei."
Some of the family remained at Milford and other
towns in Connecticut, and others went to Massachu-
The preceding account is mainly derived from the
full and very interesting ''History of the Baldwin
Family," in two volumes, by the late Judge C. C. Bald-
win, of Cleveland, Ohio, who visited Dundridge in
Bucks, England, in 1870. He says "there have al-
ways been many lawyers in the family."
It is probable that the ancestors of Levi Baldwin
went to Massachusetts, perhaps to Billerica, where one
of the founders in this country settled, and from here
went to Dorset, Vermont. The Christian names of
this Dorset branch of the family are largely identical
with those in use in the Dummerston and Jamaica
families. The description of a Benjamin Baldwin,
of Dorset, recalls the "Uncle Ben," of Chester, Ver-
mont, of later days. "He had a powerful physique, was
warm-hearted and generous, fond of good stories," etc.
The earliest ancestor of whom family records are
obtainable lived in Dummerston, Vt, of which it is
said, in Thompson's "History of Vermont," that "it
was one of the first towns settled in the State, but
there is no account of its early history." This seems
to have been the case in many towns in Vermont and
New Hampshire, in contrast with the early settlements
in Connecticut and Massachusetts, where, especially in
the latter State, the town records were kept in such an
accurate manner that excellent town histories have
been published, in recent years, largely from facts
gleaned from these records. The name of Dummers-
ton was from that of a man named Dummer, who was
prominent in the local history.
John (i) Baldwin appears on the tax list of 1801.
He married Mary, daughter of Benjamin and Obedi-
ence Jones, of Dummerston.
They, John and Mary Baldwin, had nine children,
namely, Levi (2), Obedience (2) or "Beda/' John (2),
Benjamin (2), Asa (2), Polly (2), Relief (2), Elmena
(2), and Sarah (2).
Levi (2), the first child, was born in 1773 and
married Bathsheba, daughter of Ebenezer Fisher, of
Brattleboro, Vt., whose grave is at Brattleboro.
They lived many years in Jamaica, Vt., where their
children were born. Levi (2) died May 8, 1S40, and
his wife, Bathsheba, Jan. 22, 1857.
Levi (3), born March 2, 1796, married Dec. 2,
1819, Tirzah, daughter of John and Chloe Wellman.
(See Wellman Family.)
Levi (3) and Tirzah Baldwin had six children,
Angeline (4), born 1820; Elkanah (4), 1822; Minerva
(4), 1825; Adeliza Tirzah (4), 1823; Sarah (4), 1827,
and Nelson W. (4), 1830, all born at Jamaica, Vt.,
where Levi (3) was a farmer, as was his father
before him. After some years spent in Hoosick Falls.
N. Y., several of their children having settled in Troy
they went there also and there Tirzah died, April 18,
1856. Elkanah (4) and Minerva (4) went to Califor-
nia soon after, and the father went with them. He
died there, Aug. 30, 1865. His grave, with monument,
is at Franklin, Sacramento County. His daughter,
Adeliza Tirzah (4), born Feb. 23, 1823, married
Isaac Walter Bowers, at Hoosick Falls, June 19, 1843.
(See Bowers Family.) Their daughter,
Maria Annette (5), married George W. Brush.
Herbert Bowers Brush, is sixth in descent.
The Wellman Family
THE family came from England, and the Rev.
Dr. Joshua W. Wellman is at the time of the
publication of this sketch in correspondence
with Mr. Samuel Welman, of Overton, Godalming,
England, who has furnished some valuable records
and information respecting the English ancestors. Dr.
Wellman is a retired Congregational minister, for
many years settled at Maiden, Mass. He has pub-
lished several books and is collecting material for a
family genealogy which he hopes soon to complete and
publish. A small volume of Wellman genealogy, writ-
ten by Rev. James Wellman, was printed at Salem,
Mass., in 1867.
Thomas (i) Wellman came from London in the
"Hopewell," February, 1634, when he was twenty-
one years old. (Hotton's Lists of Emigrants to
America, 1600- 1700.) Lie was in Lynn, Mass., 1640,
and died 1672. His son,
Abraham (2), married Elizabeth Cogswell. They
were "of Lynnfield." Their eldest son,
Thomas (3), was born 1669. He had four sons,
David (4), Joseph (4), Samuel (4) and Benjamin
(4), who moved from Lynnfield to Norton, Mass.
Samuel (4) married Hannah Hall, Jan. 9, 1730,
Rev. Joseph Avery officiating. Their son,
Reuben (5), was born in Mansfield, "formerly
North Precinct in Norton," the same year. Jan. 16,
1752, he married Alary Grover. They had eleven
children. With this family and a group of relatives
and friends they moved to Packersville (now Nelson),
N. H. They were among the first settlers of the town
and helped to organize the first church in that place.
Reuben (5) Wellman was its first deacon. Among
those who went to Packersville with them were James
and Sarah (Wellman) Grover and George and Mary
(Wellman) Brintnall. After living there a few years
they all left the place, James Grover and his family
going to Bethel, Maine; Reuben (5) Wellman and
and family to Jamaica, Vt., where Reuben (5) and his
wife died. Their son,
John Wellman (6) was born Sept. 30, 1755. He
was a soldier of the Revolution, having been a member
of the Sixth Regiment of Vermont in 1780, and in
1 78 1 he was in Capt. George Sexton's Company of
Volunteers, belonging to Col. Ebenezer Walbridge's
Regiment, from Aug. 12 to Nov. 20, as certified by the
Adjutant General of Vermont, in 1895. ( )n April 26,
1784, he married Chloe, daughter of Elkanah and
Mehitabel Wellman. They had twelve children.
Charles (7), 1785; John (7), 1786; Sally (7), 1788;
Elkanah (7), 1790; Anna (7), 1792; Tirzah (7), 1796:
Seba (7), 1797: Asa (7), 1799; Loany (7), 1800; Reu-
ben (7), 1803; Abigail (7), and Nelson (7), 1807.
Tirzah (7), born Jan. 13, 1796, married Levi
Baldwin, Dec. 2, T819. (See Baldwin Family.) A small
portrait in oil colors of Tirzah Wellman is in the
possession of the writer, her granddaughter.
The descent of Chloe Wellman was as follows :
Thomas (i) Wellman, who came in the "Hope-
well" in 1634, and who was of Lynn, in 1640. His
Isaac (2), married Hannah Adams. Their son,
Ebenezer (3) married Sarah Hull. Their son,
Elkanah (4), married Mehitabel Bancroft. (See
Bancroft Family.) Their daughter,
Chloe (5), married John Wellman. Their daugh-
Tirzah (6), married Levi Baldwin. Their daugh-
Adeliza Tirzah Baldwin, was seventh in descent
in the line of her grandmother, Chloe (5"), and eighth
in line of her grandfather, John (6) Wellman. She
married Isaac Walter Bowers. Their daughter,
Maria Annette (9) Bowers, married George W.
Brush. Their son,
Herbert Bowers Brush, is tenth in descent.
The Bancroft Family
JOHN (i), of Lynn, probably came with his
wife, Jane, in the "James," from London, in
1632. In the list dated April, 1632, of ''men
and women who are to pass to New England to be
resident upon a plantacon and have tendered their oath
of allegiance and supremacie," are the names of John
and Jane Barcrofte (see Hotton's Lists). In London,
in 1602, the family had two coats of arms. John (1)
died about 1637, leaving a widow and sons, John (2)
and Thomas (2).
Thomas (2) Bancroft was probably born in Eng-
land. He was called Lieut. Bancroft. He married, at
Dedham, Mass., Elizabeth, daughter of Michael Met-
calf. He was freeman 1678 and died 1705, his widow,
1 71 1. Llis son,
Thomas (3), married Sarah, daughter of Jonathan
Poole. He was called "Deacon." He died 1718. His
Capt. Samuel (4), in 1713 married Sarah, daughter
of Samuel and Alary Nichols. Sarah died 1733. Their
Nathaniel (5), born 1720, married Mehitabel .
(Samuel (5), a brother of Nathaniel, was grandfather
of George (7) Bancroft, the historian and diplomat.
After graduating at Cambridge, George (7) Bancroft
studied and traveled extensively in Europe. In 1845
he was Secretary of the Navy, from 1846- 1849 ne was
Minister to Great Britain, and in 1867 Minister to
Mehitabel (6) Bancroft, daughter of Nathaniel
and Mehitabel, was born at Sherborne, Mass., Sept.
10, 1745, and married Elkanah Wellman. She died at
Jamaica, Vt. Their daughter,
Chloe (7) Wellman, married John Wellman.
(See Wellman Family.) Their daughter,
Tirzah (8), married Levi Baldwin. (See Baldwin
Family.) Their daughter,
Adeliza Tirzah (9) Baldwin, married Isaac Wal-
ter Bowers. Their daughter,
Maria Annette (10) Bowers, married George W.
Brush. Their son,
Herbert Bowers Brush, is eleventh in descent.
Index of Persons Referred to other than
Subjects of Sketches
Adams, Hannah 112
Ainsworth, Col. F. C 30
Anne, Queen 58
Asquith, Annis 98
Avery, Rev. Joseph no
Barbarouz, Miss 76
Barker, Mrs. Joseph 23
Barnard, John 86
Beach, Dr 90
Bennett, Anna 94
Bennett, Benjamin 94
Bennett, Eunice 94
Bergen's "Early Settlers". 51
Bernhard, Anna 82
Beecher, Henry Ward... 33,96
Breeze, Rear-Admiral . . . . 55
Breeze, Sarah 55
Bridgman's "King's Chap-
Brinckerhoff,Theo.Van W. 54
Brinckerhoff, Joris Dirck. 52
Brinckerhoff, Margretia. . 52
Brintnall, George in
Brintnall, Mary 1 1 1
Bullus, Samuel 82
Burr, Aaron 76
Burke's "Armoury" 68, 73, 92
Carteret, Lord 73
Chapman, Capt. Nathaniel. 100
Chase, Caroline L 100
Clinton, Gov. De Witt... 21
Clinton, Colonial - Gov.
Cogswell, Elizabeth no
Cooper, William 89
Cooper, Fennimore 89
Concklyne, John 9
Coukling, Elizabeth 14
Conkling, Phebe 17
Cortelyou, Simon 59
Cromwell, Oliver 73
Cross, William 78
Cummings, M. E 7
Cutter, W. R 101
Daily's Hist, of Wood-
bridge, N. J 91
De Lancey, Lieut. -Gov. . . 16
Denton, Rev. Richard... 64
Draper, Hepsibah 99
Draper, Sarah 99
Draper, William 99
Dubbles, Susanna 52
Dunham, Easter 74
Dunham, Jonathan 74
Dunham, Unis 74
Dunster, Elizabeth 92
Dunster, President 92
Edward VI. of England. . 71, 72
Eldert, Rachel 59
Eliot, Indian Apostle.... 63
Elizabeth, Queen 71
Ellis, Ann 82
Ellis, Joseph 76, 82
Emerson, Capt 100
Fennimore, Miss 89
Fisher, Bathsheba 108
Fisher, Ebenezer 108
Fleat, Pheby 14
Flower, Col ioo
Floyd, Col 15
Fordham, Florence 63
Fordham, John 63
Fordham, Rev. Robert . . 64
Fordham, Philip . , 64
Frothingham, Elizabeth. . 104
Frothingham, Ruth 104
Frothingham, Samuel.... 104
Frothingham, William... 104
Grover, James 111
Grover, Mary 1 1 1
Grover, Sarah 111
Hager, Frances 25
Hall, Hannah no
Hamilton, Alexander 64
Hapwood, Anne 66
Hays, Alice May 38
Hays, Alice (Butler) 38
Hays, Hiram W 38
Hawley, Thos 71
Henchman, Major 94
Hendrickson, John 18
Hewlett (place) 60
Hewlett, Hannah 59
Plicks, family 52
Hobart, Rev. Peter 10
Hildreth's Hist, of U. S. 76
Hobart, Rev. Jeremiah.. 10,38
Hobart, Bishop J. H 10
Hottoirs, Lists of Emi-
grants, etc 16, no, 113
Howell's Hist, of South-
ampton, L. 1 43
Hugins, Martha 13, 48
Hull, Gen 39
Hull, Sarah 112
Huntington, George 85
Ingersoll, Dorothy 16
Ingersoll, Hannah 16
Ingersoll, John 16
Ireland, Joseph 14
Ireland, Margaret 40
Jarvis, Jane (Powell) ....
Jarvis, j ohn
Jarvis, Mary J
Jarvis, Phebe 45,
Jarvis, Capt. Thomas. . . .
Jervis, Mr. & Mrs. B. F.
Jervis, Hon. John B
Johnson, Alice Dean
Johnson, Edward A
Johnson, Henry M
Johnson, Louise C
Kelsey, Hannah ....
Kemp, Zerubabel. . .
Kendall, Thomas. . .
Ketcbam, Sarah. . . .
Ketcham, Stisannah ,
Lambert's Hist, of N. H.
Lamont, Hon. D. S. . . .
Livingston, Robert R. . .
Marple, Gen. W.
Mcllvaine, Mr. .
Mead, Daniel, Hist, of
Miller, Amy J
Moore, Rev. John
Moore, Rev. Dr. H. H. . .
Montgomery, Col. J
Mousall, Deacon John...
Newcomb, Rev. Harvey.
Nichols, Col. Moses....
Oakley, Zophar B
Onderdonk's Hist. Ja-
maica, L. I., Church.
Page, Rev. Reed
Panemaquand, Charles. . .
Phipps' (Expedition) ....
Place, Edwin Burr
Piatt, Mary 14
Piatt, Richard 12
Piatt, Obadiah 49
Piatt, Zephaniah 55
Polhemus, Anna 52
Polhemus, John 59
Polhemus, Rev. Theo. J.. 51
Poole, Jonathan 113
Poole, Judith 114
Poole, Sarah 113
Prevoost, Catharina 55
Price, Frank E 25
Price, Thomas 25
Randolph, Hope 74
Randolph, Ex-Gov. T. F. . 63
Reed, Hannah (Burr) ... 23
Reed, Hannah Maria.... 23
Reed, Thomas P 23
Richardson, Ezekiel 9 8 , 99
Richardson, Mary 98
Richardson, Susannah... 98, 99
Richardson, Theophilus.. 99
Robbins, Martha 59
Rolph, Jarvis 49
Rumford, Count I2
Satley, Esther 94
Sammis, Susanna 20
Scriba, George 85, 88
Seabering, Lairibertje 52
Seaman, Capt. John 65
Seaman, Hannah 65
Sewalls' Hist, of Woburn.
Sexton, Capt. George.... m
Sharp's Hist, of Seymour.
Smith, Benjamin J o
Smith, Capt. John 62
Smith, Elizabeth 40.104
Smith. Mary 66
Smith. Melancthon 64
Stark. Gen. John 105
Strickland, Hannah 65
Strycker, Aeltie 5-
Strycker, Jan 5-
Surtee's Hist, of Durham.
Taylor, Josephine 25
Thompson's Hist, of Vt. . 107
Thorne, George 55
Throop, Gov. E. T 21
Titus, John 13, 48
Tooker, Dr. W. W 64
Townsend, Henry 17
Trumbull, Harriet S 40
Truxton, Capt 82
Valentine, Jane 65
Valentine, Richard 65
Valentine, Rich, (of Eng.) 66
Van Asch, Wyander 51
Van Rynvelt 51
Walters, Samuel 18, 19
Walbridge, Col. E in
Werven, Catharine 51
Whitcomb, Col. Asa 94
White, Mr 78
White, Judge 85
White, Dan. C 86
Wicks, Thomas 42, 59
William of Orange 41.51
Winthrop's Fleet 104
Worthington, Elizabeth.. 94,105
Wright, Elizabeth 59
Wyman, Sarah 99
York, Duke of 73
Young, John 9, 86
Key to Brush Family Picture on Page 6
Reading from Left to Right
Mrs. Mary Ann Brush.
Edward Hale Brush.
Miss Margaret Brush.
Mrs. Phebe A. Place.
Mrs. Susan A. Barker.
Rev. Jesse Brush, D.D.
Mrs. Annie E. Johnson.
Mrs. Elizabeth Carman Brush.
John R. Brush.
Mrs. M. Annette Brush.
George W. Brush, M.D.
Herbert B. Brush.
Mrs. Ellen Newcomb Brush.
Frank E. Price.
George Robert Brush.
Mrs. Mary J. Brush.
Mrs. Amy J. Brush.
Henry Wells Brush.
Mrs. Hannah Maria Brush.
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