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The siimame of Spottiswoofle is local, and was 
assumed by the proprietors of the lands and barony 
of Spottiswoode, in the parish of Gordon, and county 
of Berwick, as soon as surnames became heredi- 
tary in Scotland. The traditional account of 
them is, that the male line of the ancient barons 
of Spottiswoode failed, in the reign of king Alex- 
ander II; that a j^ounger son of the illustrious 
house of Gordon, who were then seated in the 
same county, married the heiress and was oljliged 
to take upon him the name of Spottiswoode ; but he 
retained, in his armorial bearing, the boar's head 
of the Gordons, which his successors, the barons 
of Spottiswoode, carry to this day. 

The immediate ancestor of this family was : 

I. Robert De Spottiswoode, born in the reign of 
Alexander III, who succeeded to the crown of 


Scotland, 1249. He, with most of the nobility 
and gentry of his country, was compelled to sub- 
mit to king Edward I of England, 1296. He 
died in the reign of king Robert Bruce, and left 
issue, a son and successor : 

XL John Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who made a 
considerable figure in the reign of king David Bruce, 
and appears to have Ijeen in great ftivor with that 
prince, being witness in many of his charters and 
other deeds. He built a house of worship, at the 
old tower of Spottiswoode, called the White chapel, 
the vestige whereof was lately to be seen : also an 
altar-vase, at St. James's church, in Roxburgh. 
He left a son : 

III. Robert Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who suc- 
ceeded him and lived in the reigns of king Robert 
II and III. He married a daughter of the ancient 
family of liighton of Wishaven, in the county of 
Forfar, a sister of the celebrated Doctor Henry 
Lighton, first, bishop of Murray, then of Aber- 
deen : by her he had a son and heir : 

Sl'O'l'SWOOl) (ilENEALOGY. 5> 

IV. Henry Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who, in 
many authentic writs, is designated nephew of the 
said bishop Lighton, in the reign of king James 
II, leaving issue a son and successor : 

V. James Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who married 
a daughter of Sir Adam Johnston, of that ilk, 
progenitor of the marquis of Armandale, omitted 
in the peerage, and by her he had a son William, 
his heir : 

VI. William Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Hopeprin- 
gle of Forsonee, by whom he had three sons and 
one daughter : 1, David, his heir : 2, John, 
who carried on the line of the family : 3, Hugh, 
who had a charter of the lands of Barnacht, 1555. 
This daughter Jean was married to William Hay 
of Barra, an honorable cadet of the illustrious 
house of Tweedale, of whom the Hays of Rauna 
Alderoiowns, etc., are descended. This William 
was a man of great bravery : he accompanied 
king James IV to England, in his unfortunate 


expedition at tlie battle of Flodclen, 1513. He 
was succeeded b}^ his eldest son : 

YII. David Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who died 
in the end of the reign of James V, leaving issue 
an only son : 

YIII. Ninian Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who was 
served heir to his father David, 1550. He was a 
faithful, lojal subject to Queen Mary. Died in the 
beginning of the reign of James VI : left issue two 
sons : 1, William, who died unmarried, 1594 : 

IX. 2, John, who died, not long surviving his 
brother, but died also without issue, and in him 
ended the whole male line of David Spottiswoode, 
of that ilk, No. Ill of these memoirs. The repre- 
sentation then devolved upon the descendants of 
his brother John before mentioned. 

VII. John, second son of William Spottiswoode, 
of that ilk, No. VI of this genealogy, was born 
1509, and, though young at his father's death, had 
a liberal education, and passed his course at the 


College of Glasgow, where he took his degrees of 
Master of Arts, and Doctor of Divinity. He was a 
man of great learning and piety. Theology hav- 
ing been his chief study, he became a great orna- 
ment to the church of Scotland. See Spotswood's 
Church History/, etc. He took great pains in 
promoting the interest of the reformation. He 
married Beatrix, daughter of Patrick Crichton, by 
whom he had two sons and one daughter : 1, 
John, his heir, afterwards archbishop of St. 
Andrews : 2, Doctor James, of whom, immediately. 
His only daughter married .... Tennant, of 
Lj-nch House, in East Lothian. 

Doctor James Spottiswoode, 2d son of John, No. 
VII, was born 1567. He had a regular education 
at the University of Glasgow, and made great 
application to his studies. In the year 1589 he 
was appointed one of the gentlemen ushers, and 
attended the king, James I, in his voyage to Den- 
mark. Became a great favorite at court. In 1603 
he accompanied his majesty into England : entered 
into holy orders there, and that same year, had 
the rectory of AYells, in Norfolk, bestowed upon 
him. He was afterwards promoted to the bishop- 


ric of Cloglier, in Ireland, 1621, where he continued 
till the troubles of king Charles the first's time 
obliged him to return to London, in 164^. He 
died there, in 1644 ; was interred in Westminster 
Abbe}^, near his father, the chancellor. By his 
1st wife, a relation of the family of Norfolk, he 
had two sons and one daughter. 1, Henry, after- 
wards Sir Henry : 2, Richard Spottiswoode of 
Drumcote : his daughter was married to Archibald, 
son of Sir James Erskine. His eldest son. Sir 
Henry, had the honor of knighthood conferred 
upon him, when a young man, by king James 
VI. He married Jean, daughter of Tristram 
Bulkley, Esq., of Castle Farm-Hill, in Anglesey, 
by whom he had several sons, whose posterity 
still exists in Ireland, where they are possessed of 
opulent fortunes. His daughter Jean was married 
1st to George Hay, Esq., a younger son of John 
Hay, of Barra, clerk register, and had issue. She 
was married 2d, to James Sinclair of Roslin, to 
whom she also had issue. 

We now return to John, father of Doctor James, 
wlio died anno 1685, in the 76th year of his age, 
and was succeeded hy his eldest son : 

Sl'( )'1'S\V0()D (iENEALOU Y. 

VIII. John Spottiswoode, of that ilk, born anno 
lfj65, who afterward became one of the greatest 
men of the kingdom, for knowledge, learning, 
virtue and merit. He had few equals, and was 
excelled by none. He was archbishop of St. 
Andrews, lord high chancellor of Scotland, etc., 
etc., and in every station of life acquitted himself 
with dexterity, fidelity and honor, and as the life 
and transactions of this truly great man are fully 
recorded in his History of the Church of Scotland, 
and briefly, by Mr. Crawford, in his Lives of the 
Officers of the State, to these we refer the reader. 
We shall only here observe that upon the death of 
his cousin, John of SpottisAvoode, IX of this gene- 
alogy, without issue, as before mentioned, he 
succeeded to the estate of Spottiswoode, as heir male, 
and was ever after designated by that title. How- 
ever, in the year 1620, he sold the barony of 
Spottiswoode to three brothers of the name of Bell, 
with whom and their heirs, it remained till it was 
purchased by the heir of the family, anno 1700, as 
will be mentioned hereafter. But before this time 
the bishop had purchased several other lands, par- 
ticularly, the barony of Dairzie, in Fife, etc., etc. 


He married Rachel, daughter of Doctor David 
Lindsay, bishop of Koss, a son of the family of 
Edzill, by whom he had two sons and one daugh- 
ter: 1, John, afterwards Sir John, his heir: 2, 
Sir Robert, who carried on the line of this family : 
of whom, afterwards. His daughter, Anne, was 
married to Sir William Sinclair, of Rosliii, and 
had issue. He died at London, 2d of December, 
1639, in the T4th year of his age, and by the 
king's order was most pompously interred, in king 
Henry Vllth's chapel, in Westminster Abbey, and 
was succeeded by his eldest son : 

IX. Sir John Spottiswoode, who, upon his father's 
resignation had a charter written in Latin, 1616. 
He was appointed one of the gentlemen of the 
bed-chamber to the king, when a young man, and 
had the honor of knighthood conferred upon him, 
by his majesty, which appears by another charter 
under the great seal, June 5, 162 L Sir John had 
only one son, John Spottiswoode, Esq., a youth of 
extraordinary parts, a most noble spirit, and a 
staunch loyalist, who having joined the great 
Montrose, was taken prisoner with him, and 


executed immediately iifter him, anno 1650, in the 
ilower of his age, to the great grief of all beholders 
and every body else who knew him. His father 
Sir John, died also before the restoration of king 
Charles II, and having no surviving issue, the 
representation devolved on the children of his 
brother, Sir Robert, before mentioned, to whom we 
now return. 

IX. Sir Robert Spottiswoode, 2d son of the arch- 
bishop, born 1596, was a man of extraordinary 
parts, learning and merit. The history of his life 
is subjoined to his Practicks of the Law of Scotland : 
to that we refer our readers. "^ ''' * 

As Sir Robert's great wisdom and knowledge in 
our laws soon became very conspicuous, king James 
VI, appointed him one of the extraordinary lords 
of sessions and one of the privy council. He was 
afterward hy king Charles I, appointed lord presi- 
dent of the College of Justice and secretary for Scot- 
land, which appears by another charter, dated 1636. 

King Charles I having, a little before this time, 

erected the bishopric of Edinburgh, prevailed with 

Sir Robert to part with his lands of New Abbey, in 


1634, which he gave as part of a patrimony to his 
new bishopric, and though Sir Robert, to oblige his 
majesty, readily agreed to it, yet certain it is, 
the price was not paid ; but the estate of the bishops 
being soon thereafter abrogated, the king, in 1641, 
by a signature under his royal hand, reponed Sir 
Robert to his former rights and gave back his „ 
title deeds, etc., but he being obnoxious to the 
prevailing faction, was obliged to leave the king- 
dom, so that his signatures never passed the seals, 
and his estate continued in the possession of the 

Sir Robert in 1629 married Bethia, eldest 
daughter of Sir Alexander Morrison, of Preston 
Grange, one of the senators of the College of Justice 
by whom he had three sons, who survived him : — 
1, John who died immediately before the restora- 
tion of king Charles II. 2, Sir Alexander, who 
carried on the line of the family. 3, Robert, who 
being bred to physic, was by king Charles II 
appointed physician to the governor and garrison 
of Tangier. He went to that place with the earl 
of Middleton and died there 1688, leaving issue 
by his wife, Catharine, widow Elliott, only one son, 


Alexander, born at Tangier, anno 1676, who made 
a great figure in Iiis time. 

He was bred in the army from his childhood. 
He served with distinction under the duke of 
Marlborough : was wounded, in the breast, at the 
battle of Blenheim, August 13, 1704. When 
governor of Virginia he sometimes showed his 
guests a cannon ball, which, when spent, struck 
his coat in battle. Blenheim Castle is represented 
in the back ground of the three-quarter portrait of 
him preserved (1868), at Chelsea, King William 
county, Va. 

He was governor of the colony from 1710 to 
1723. He brought over with him the right of Jiabeas 
corpus, hitherto denied to Virginians, although 
guarantied to Englishmen by Magna Gharta. He 
was the author of an act making tobacco-notes the 
medium of ordinary circulation. Being a master 
of the military art, he kept the militia under 
excellent discipline. 

In 1716, Governor Spotswood made the first 
complete discovery of a passage over the Blue 
Kidge mountains. Upon his return, he presented 
each of the gentlemen, who accompanied him, with 


a golden horse shoe. Some of these were set with 
jDrecious stones, resenihhng the heads of horse-shoe 
nails. The horse-shoe had inscribed, on one side 
of it, the motto : jSw juvat transcendere monies. 
A novel entitled : The Kniglit of the Golden 
Horse-Shoe, by Dr. Wm. A. Caruthers, of Vir- 
ginia, derives its name and its subject from this 
exploit of the governor. 

He urged upon the British government the 
policy of establishing a chain of posts, beyond the 
Alleghanies, from the lakes to the Mississippi, to 
restrain the encroachments of the French. He 
reduced to submission the Indian tribes, and blend- 
ing humanity with vigor, taught them, that while 
he could chastise their insolence, he commiserated 
their fate. He recommended the intermarriage of 
the whites with that race. He took measures to 
extend the advantages of a Christian education 
to the Indian children. 

He was a proficient in the mathematics and 
well skilled in architecture : he built the octagon 
Powder Magazine at Williamsburg, afterwards so 
noted in tlie time of Governor Dunmore ; rebuilt 
the College of William and Mary, and made im- 


provements in the governor's house and gardens. 
He was styled the Tubal Cain of Virginia, and was 
indeed the pioneer of iron manufacture in North 

Previous to the year 1624, Governor Spots- 
wood had founded, on a horse-shoe neninsula of 

-" JL 

four hundred acres, on the Rapidan river, in 
Spotsylvania county (named after him), the little 
town of Germana, so called as having been settled 
by Germans, sent over by Queen Anne. 

During the year 1624, Governor Spotswood 
married Ann Butler, daughter of Richard Bryan, 
Esq., of Westminster. She derived her middle 
name from James Butler, duke of Ormond, her 
godfather. The governor now resided at Ger- 

Governor Spotswood left in manuscript a histo- 
rical account of Virginia during his administration. 
Although a whig in politics, he was a high church- 
man, and had high notions of governmental pre- 
rogative : but a long residence in Virginia and the 
identity of his interests with those of the Virgin- 
ians appear to have greatly changed his views of 
governmental authority and popular rights. 


Besides his portrait at Chelsea, before referred 
to, there is another, preserved formerly at Not- 
tingham, seat of General Alexander Spotswood, 
and since at Sedley Lodge, seat of William Spots- 
wood, Esq., in Orange county, Virginia ; also one 
of Lady Spotswood and of General Elliott (half 
brother of the governor), who commanded the 
cavalry under Marlborough, at the battle of Blen- 
heim, and also served under the Prince Eugene. 
General Elliott is represented in complete armor. 
The Sedley Lodge portrait of the governor has 
been daguerreotyped in miniature, and the da- 
guerreotype was in the possession of the Rev. Philip 
Slaughter, some years ago. It represents him in 
full court dress — scarlet velvet: elegant tie of the 
cravat, which is brought down the breast and then 
tied : fine and noble looking in face and figure. 



Major General Alexander Spotswood, when on 
the eve of emharking at the head of an expe- 
dition, destined for Carthagena in South America, 
died at AnapoHs, Maryland, on the 7th day of 
June, 1740. He was probably buried there; 
but some suppose, that he may have been 
interred at Temple Farm on York river. A mile 
or two below Yorktown, on the south bank of the 
majestic York, extending from a fine bluff a mile 
back from the river, is the old Temple farm. An 
aged tombstone bears witness, that it was one of 
the earliest settlements on the river. From the 
lofty and commanding bluff the view is unbroken 
down the York river to its mouth, where it merges 
in the waters of the Chesapeake bay. The man- 
sion house built by Governor Spotswood still sur- 
vives (1861), and excites the interest of the passing 
traveller. During the revolutionary war, it was 
known as the Moore House, a name which it still 
bears, and which was derived from a widow Moore, 
who owned it. It will be remembered that Ber- 


nard Moore, Sen., of Chelsea married Gov. Spots- 
wood's eldest daughter. 

The articles of capitulation at the surrender of 
Lord Cornwallis were drawn up and subscribed in 
the Moore house. The estate of Temple Farm is 
supposed to have derived its name from a temple- 
like structure, which the governor erected there 
as a family vault. Some vestiges of it remained 
to the year 1834, but they have since entirely dis- 
appeared. Only one tombstone (besides the one 
already mentioned) remains in this place of 
burial — a large iron slab, which lies partly im- 
bedded in the ground. On it there is represented 
a hunting scene with heraldic emblems. The 
inscription is : 

Major William Gooch, of tliis Parish, 
Dyed October 29, 1655. 

Within this tomb there doth interred lie 
No shape but substance — true nobility 
Itself; though young in years, just twenty-nine, 
Yet graced with vertues morall and divine ; 
The church from him did good participate ; 
In counsell firm — fit to adorn a state. 



The children of Alexander Spotswood (governor 
of Virginia) and xVnn Butler, his wife, were : (I) 
John, (II) Ann Catherine, (III) Dorothea, (IV) 


JOHN married (1745) Mar j, daughter of William 
Dandridge, Esq., of the British navy, commander 
of the Ludlow Castle man of war. 


1, Alexander, general in American army of the 
revolution, married Elizabeth, dauoiiter of General 
William Augustine Washington, and niece and 
legatee of General George Washington. 


1, John, captain in American revolutionary 

army (was wounded at the battle of Brandy wine) . 


2, George W. ; 3, William; 4, Elizabeth (Mrs. 
Page) ; b, Mary (Mrs. Brook) ; 6, Ann (Mrs. 
Taliaferro) ; 7, Henrietta (Mrs. Buslirod Washing- 
ton) ; 8, Martha. 

Residence of General Alexander Spotswood, alter- 
nately at New Post and Nottingham, his seats on 
the Rappahannock river l;)elow Fredericksburg. 

1, Captain John Spotswood married Sally Rowsie. 


1, Mary; 2, John; 3, Susan; 4, Robert; 5, Dan- 
dridge; 6, Elliott; 7, Sally; 8, Dandridge ; 9, 
Norborne Berkley ; 10, Lucy; 11, Ann. 

ANN CATHERINE Spotswood, daughter of the 
governor, married Bernard Moore, senior, of Chel- 
sea, King William county, Va. 


1, Augustine; 2, Thomas; 3, Bernard; 4 , Eliza- 
beth ; 5, Ann Butler ; 6, John ; 7, Lucy ; 8, 
Alexander Spotswood. 

[N. B. — John Robinson, commonly called 
"Speaker Robinson," married 1st, Lucy, daughter 


of Augustine Moore, senior, oi' Chelsea, and sister 
of Bernard Moore, senior ; and 2d, Lucy Cliiswell.] 

1, Augustine Moore, Jr., married Sarah Rind, 
and left one daughter, Sarah, who married Carter 


1, Carter Moore; 2, Thomas Corbin ; 3, Augus- 
tine ; 4, Judith ; 5, Robert Carter ; 6, George ; 7, 

2, Thomas Moore, son of Bernard Moore, Sr., 
died unmarried. 

3, Bernard Moore, Jr., married Lucy Ann Hea- 
bard Leiper (niece of Thomas Leiper, manufacturer 
of snuff. Market street, Philadelphia, who married 
a Miss Thomas of Maryland) . 


1, Andrew Leiper ; 2, Thomas ; 3, Elizabeth ; 
4, Lucy. 

4, Elizabeth Moore married John Walker of 
Belvoir, Albemarle county, Va. Their only child, 


Mildred, married Francis Kiiilocli, M. C. of Ken- 
sington, S. C, and their only child, Eliza, married 
Hon. Hugh Nelson of Belvoir. 

5, Ann Butler Moore married Charles Carter 
of Shirley. 


1, Koljert ; 2, Ann Hill ; 3, Bernard Moore ; 4, 
Catherine Spotswood ; 5, Williams ; 6, Mildred 
Walker ; 7, Lucy ; 8, Fitzhugh. 

5, Robert Carter of Shirley, married Mary Nelson 
of York ; 2, Ann Hill Carter married General 
Henry Lee (she being his 2d wife. His 1st wife 
was Matilda, daughter of Philip Ludwell Lee, Esq. 
ChildTen: 1, Henry; 2, Luc}). Children: 1, 
Charles Carter ; 2, Robert Edward (general and 
commander-in-chief of Confederate army) so named 
after two uncles, Robert and Edward Carter ; 3, 
Captain Sidney Smith of U. S. and C. S. navy ; 
4, Ann ; 5, Mildred. 

3, Bernard Moore Carter married Lucy, daughter 
of Governor Henry Lee and Matilda, his wife. 

SPOTS wool) (iEXEALOGY. 23 

4, Catherine Spotswood Carter married Carter 


1, Elizabeth ; 2, Edmund ; 3, Farley. 

5, Williams Carter (residence Westover, on 
James river and South Wales, Hanover county, 
Va.), married Charlotte Foushee. 

7, Lucy Carter married Nathaniel Burwell ; 
residence, Dropmore, Roanoke county, Va. 

DOROTHEA Spotswood married Captain Na- 
thaniel West Dandridge of the British navy (son 
of Captain Wm. Dandridge of Elson Green). (He 
was lame) . 


1, Spotswood ; 2, John ; 3, Robert ; 4, William ; 
5, Nathaniel ; 6, Mary ; 7, Anna ; 8, Dorothea ; 
and 3 others. 

2, John Dandridge married a Miss Goode ; 3, 
Robert, married a Miss Allen ; 4, William, married 


a Miss Boiling ; 5, Nathaniel, married a Miss Wat- 
son ; 6, Mary, married Woodson Payne ; another 
daughter 7, married Archibald Payne ; and another 
8, married Philip Payne ; 9, Anna, married her 
cousin John Spotswood Moore ; 10, Dorothea Dan- 
dridge was 2d wife of Patrick Henry, Jr., the orator. 


1, Sarah ; 2, Catherine ; 3, Nathaniel ; 4, Wins- 
ton ; 5, Patrick ; 6, John ; 7, Spotswood ; 8, Fay- 

], Sarah Henry married 1st, Robert Campbell, 
brother to Thomas Campbell, the poet ; 2d, Gene- 
ral Charles Scott of the American army of the 
revolution. She was living in 1846. 

[N.B. — General George Washington married 
Martha (widow of John Parke) Custis, a daughter 
of John Dandridge of the same family of that 
name as those above mentioned.] 

Spotswood Arms. — Argent, a cheveron gules, 
between three oak trees eradicate, vert. Sup- 
porters two satyrs proper. Crest, an eagle dis- 
played gules, looking to the sun in splendor, proper. 


Motto : Patior ut Potiar. 

Chief seat : At the castle of Spottiswoode, in 
Berwickshire, Scotland. 

The Spotswood arms were engraved on the silver 
plate, at Nottingham, near Fredericksburg, Va., 
seat of General Alexander Spotswood. 

The arms of Dandridge (Great Malverne, county 
Worcester, England), Az. A lion's head erased, 
or between three muscles ar. quartering the arms of 
Strange and Strong. Crest, a lion's head. A lion's 
head erased, charged with a muscle ar. 

Arms of Moore of Chelsea, King William county, 
Va. Moore, lord mayor of London, 1682, erm. 3 
greyhounds courant sa. collared gu. and for aug- 
mentation on a canton gu. a lion of England pass. 

EGBERT Spotswood, youngest child of the 
governor, was a subaltern officer under Washington 
in the old French and Indian war. Being sent out 
from Fort Cumberlaud (1756) with a scouting 
party, he was supposed to have been killed by the 
Indians. His remains w^ere found near Fort Du 
Quesne. He died without issue. 


Major General Alexander Spotswoocl, sometime 
governor of Virginia, owned a large tract of land 
in the county of Spotsylvania (which took its name 
from him) whereon he had erected works for cast- 
ing pig iron, and in which he employed the greater 
part of his slaves. He also owned a large tract of 
land in the counties of Orange and Culpepper. By 
his will, dated April 19, 1740, he devised all his 
said lands and his working slaves, in tail, to his 
eldest son, John. The governor left two cabinets 
of silver plate, weighing one thousand and eighty- 
nine ounces, to his wife for her life, and at her 
death to John, if he should arrive at the age of 
twenty-one, but if not, then to Robert, the said 
plate to descend as an heir loom in the family. 
The executors were Elliott Benger, gentleman, 
and Rev. Ro1)ert Rose, and the testator's wife, 

At the time of his marriage, the governor settled 
on his wife an annuity of five hundred pounds 
sterling for her life, for her jointure in case she 
should survive him. The governor's will was 
recorded in Orange county. John Spotswood, 
eldest son of the governor, died about the year 


1759, leaving Mary his widow and lour children, 
viz : Alexander Spotswood, his eldest son and heir, 
John, Anne and Mary. John Spotswood, Sr., left 
to each of his danghters one thousand pounds 
sterling and a slave; to Anne a mulatto girl called 
Betty ; and to Mary a negro slave named Phillis, 
and all the rest of his estate to his younger son 
John. The executors were John Robinson (the 
Speaker) Bernard Moore of Chelsea, John Champe, 
Edmund Pendleton and Roger Dixon, gentlemen, 
and Nicholas Seward. Bernard Moore l^ecame 
sole acting executor and guardian of Alexander 
and John Spotswood. 

Mary, the widow of John Spotswood (eldest son 
of the governor), married 2d, John Campbell, gen- 

Captain William Dandridge of the British navy, 

married Unity West, a descendant, it is said, of 

Thomas, Lord De la Warr, and located lands on 

Allen's creek, in Hanover county, Va. Captain 

Dandridge died while on a visit there, and was 

buried at the seat of Captain Nathaniel West 


At Fairfield, King William county, Va., the ori- 
. . 4 


ginal seat of tlie Ayletts, is a tombstone of Martha 
A3'lett, daughter of the honorable William Dan- 
dridge and Unity West, his wife. 

The Rev. John Thompson, who married the 
widow of Governor Spotswood, was an Irishman. 
He resided in Culpepper county, Va., and was a 
minister of exemplary character. 

There is at Chelsea a portrait of Austin Moore, 
the first of his family in Virginia. He located a 
large tract of land on the Matapony in King Wil- 
liam county, and was knowai as " Old Grub Moore" 
owing to his have cleared so much new land. He 
lived at first at Eomancock on the Pamunkey river, 
but afterward built Chelsea^ on the Matapony and 
lived there. The front part of the building which 
is in the shape of a T is thirty years older than 
the rear. He also built the Pleasant Hill house 
for Speaker Robinson, who married his daughter 
Lucy Moore, and Clifton and Huntingdon. His 
tombstone and that of his 1st wdfe, Mary, were to 
be seen in the garden at Chelsea in 1850. There 
is a portrait of him and one of his wives preserved 

1 The celebrated Sir Thomas More, lord chancellor in the 
reii^n of Henry VITI, lived at Chelsea, Loudon 


at Chelsea (1868). There are also there portraits 
of Speaker Robinson and of Lucy Moore, whom he 

Bernard Moore, Sr., son of Austin, married Ann 
Catherine, daughter of Governor Spotswood and 
resided at Chelsea. 

The present representative of the family in Scot- 
land, is John Spottiswoode, Esq., M. P., laird of 
Spottiswoode. His brothers are George Spottis- 
woode of Gladswood, county Berwick, Scotland, 
lieutenant colonel in the army and Andrew Spottis- 
woode^ of Broom Hall, county Surrey, England. 
The representative of the family resides, during 
the greater portion of the year, at Spottiswoode, 
on his extensive hereditary estate, the modern 
mansion being one of the finest in southern Scot- 
land. The old mansion still remains. Thirty 
miles of underground drains have been made on 
this estate^ reclaiming hundreds of acres of land, 
lying between the Blackadder and the Leader. 

Governor Spotswood had a country seat near 
Williamsburg, Va., called Porto Bello. The de- 

' Of the house of Spottiswoode & Eyre of London, printers of 
Bibles, etc., to her majesty. They have a branch in New York. 


scendants of the governor in Virginia and other 
states are numerous, and his memory is held in 
great respect. 

Ann Catherine Spotswood, eldest daughter of 
the governor, and who married Bernard Moore 
of Chelsea, was elegant in person and manners, 
and of a high spirit. She was a strong adherent 
of the British government, while her husband and 
children sympathized with the patriot cause in 
the revolution. She, as being the daughter of a 
haughty British governor, persisted in drinking 
her tea, although a contraband article, privately, 
in her closet, during the war. There is a tradi- 
tion of her having made her negroes toss an 
overseer who had offended her, in a blanket, 
while she stood at a window to witness the scene. 
Once when her husband was absent, being at 
Hanover Court House, on a bat-shooting expedi- 
tion, upon a sudden alarm of Indians she ordered 
up all hands, manned and provisioned a boat, and 
made good her retreat down to West Point. In 
her old age she became large and somewhat em- 

A granddaughter of hers remembers, when she 


was a little girl, seeing her sitting up in bed, at 
Chelsea, combing her white and silken hair, a 
servant holding up a looking-glass before her. 

John Baylor of New Market, CaroHne county, 
Va., father of Col. George Baylor of the revolution, 
in letters written in 1764, to London merchants, 
makes mention of Col. Bernard Moore, Sr., as his 
near relation and guardian, who had been to him 
" the best of fathers," and as worthy, industrious 
and honorable a man, as was to be found in 

Cojni of Col. Augustine 3Ioores Will. 

[He died July 28, 1743.] 

'• In the name of God, amen, I Augustine Moore, 
of King William county, being in my perfect 
senses & memory, do make this my last will & 
Testament : 

" I give to my dear & well beloved wife, Eliza- 
beth Moore, during her natural Life, my dwelling 
House, together with all the Land & Plantation 
thereunto adjoining & one half of the Land I 
bought of Martin & Roger Palmer, to be divided by 


a Line to be run across from James Richeson's 
line to Claiborne's Line, & after her death, I 
give the said House, Lands & Plantations, to 
my son Bernard Moore, & the Heirs of his 
Body, & for want of such Heirs, to my son 
Thomas Moore, & the Heirs of his Body & 
for want of such ]ieirs, to the Heirs of my son 
Augustine Moore, & for the want of such Heirs, 
to be equally divided between my two Daughters, 
Elizabeth Macon & Lucy Robinson, & the 
Heirs of their Bodys & for want of such Heirs, 
to my Sons-in-Law John Robinson & George 
Seton & their Heirs, forever. I also give to my 
said Wife, during her life, the use of all my 
Plate, Household & Kitchen Furniture, & all the 
stock of cattle, sheep & Hogs, on the said Plan- 
tations, and after her death I give all the said 
•Furniture, half the Plate, & two-thirds of the 
Stock, to my son Bernard Moore, & the other 
Third of the Stock & half the plate, I give to 
my son Thomas Moore, & if the Plantations, 
here-in-before given to my wife, shall not be sufh- 
cient to work her slaves upon, I will that she shall 
have the choice of Lands & Plantations, either 


in Caroline or Spotsylvania Countys to work 
them on. I give to my said Wife two hundred 
Pounds sterling & three slaves, to wit : Catina/ 
Old Jenny & Dinah, my Coach & Chaise & 
Coach Horses & all my Boats. I give to my 
son Bernard Moore, all that tract of Land lying 
in Caroline & Spotsylvania Counties, whereon 
Joseph Woolfolk is now overseer, part of which I 
have already given to my said son by Deeds, all 
which said Tract of Land I give to my said son 
Bernard Moore & his Heirs, forever. I also give 
to my said son all the stock of Cattle, Horses, 
Sheep & Hogs, that are upon the said Land, 
& the Pots & Pans & other Things made use of on 
the said Plantation. I give to my son Thomas 
Moore all that tract of Land & Plantation, that 
I bought of the Rev. Mr. John Fox, called & 
known by the name of the Brick house & the 
other half of the Land I bought of Martin & 
Roger Palmer, & my Water Grist-mill, adjoining 
to the said Land I bought of Fox, but my will is 
that my wife & my two sons, Augustine & 

' A half-breed lodian. 


Bernard Moore have their corn ground, Toll free, 
at the said Mill. I give the said Lands & Mill 
to my said son Thomas & the Heirs of his Body, 
& for want of such Heirs, to the Heirs of the 
Body of my son Augustine, and for want of such 
Heirs, to be equally divided between my two 
daughters, Elizabeth Macon & Lucy Robinson 
& the Heirs of their Bodys, & for the want of such 
Heirs, to my Sons-in-Law John Robinson & George 
Seton & their Heirs, forever. I also give to my 
said son Thomas, all the Furniture that came in 
for and belongs to the house, lately built on the 
said Land, as also the stock of Cattle, Horses 
Sheep & Hogs, that are on the said Land & 
Plantation, & Pots & Pans & other things that 
are thereon for Plantation use. I give to my 
son Thomas a Tract of Land, containing Two 
Thousand acres, lying in Spotsylvania county & 
called & known by the name of Rich Neck, & 
one thousand acres, part of a tract of Eight thou- 
sand thiee hundred & fifty acres, in the fork of 
Pamunkej^, the said one thousand acres to be laid 
off adjoining to a Tract of one thousand acres 
[Augustine Moore] granted the said Thomas by 


Patent, by a Line to be run from River to River : 
I give the said Tract of Land to my said son 
Thomas & his Heirs forever. I also give to my 
said son Thomas all the stocks of Cattle, Horses, 
Sheep & Hogs, that are on the said Lands, to 
gether with the Pots & Pans & other things 
that are thereon for the Plantation use. I give to 
my son Bernard Moore, and his Heirs forever, two 
of my Lots in Delaware Town,^ whereon the 
dwelling house & store now stands, and the Lot 
whereon the kitchen stands, I give to my son 
Thomas Moore & his Heirs forever. I give to my 
Daughter, Elizabeth Macon, five Hundred acres of 
Land, part of my Tract of Eight Thousand three 
hundred & fifty acres, to be laid off at the lower 
end of said Tract, & on the North side of the 
Ridge road, to her & the Heirs of her Body 
lawfully begotten, I also give to my said Daughter 
Elizabeth, Hannah, Great Daniel's Wife, & their 
children & all their future increase, which said 
slaves I hereby annex to the said land, & declare 

1 So called after Thomas \Yest, Lord Delaware, and now 
called West Point. 



my mind & will to be that the same shall descend 
pass and go in the same manner as the said Land 
hereafter is limited & appointed. I give to my 
Daughter, Lucy Robinson, five hundred acres of 
Land, part of the same Tract, to be laid off at the 
lower end of the said Tract, & on the South side 
of the Ridge road, to her & the Heirs of her Body 
lawfully begotten. 

•^^ I also give to my said Daughter Lucy, these 
slaves, to wit: Judy, Robin's wife, & Great Patty 
at the Home house, & their children, & all their 
future Licrease ; which slaves I do hereby annex 
to the said Land & declare my mind & will to 
be that the same shall descend pass & go in the 
same manner as the said Land is hereafter limited 
and appointed ; and if both or either of my said 
Daughters shall die, not having Issue of her Body 
at the time of her death, then I give the Lands 
& Slaves devised to such Daughter, or Daughters 
so dying, to my son Augustine Moore, & to his 
Heirs forever ; he paying to his Brothers, Bernard 
& Thomas, two-thirds of the value of the Slaves, 
which shall descend or come to him, upon fiiilure 
of such Issue as aforesaid ; & in case my son 


Augustine shall Ikil or refuse to pay to his said 
Brothers, or their Heirs, the before-mentioned 
proportion of the vahie of the SLives so descended, 
or come to him, as aforesaid, then I give the said 
Lands & Shaves of my said Daughters, or Daugh- 
ter, so dying, to my sons Bernard & Thomas, 
their Heirs & assigns, as Tenants in common, 
equally to be divided between them. I give to 
my son Augustine Moore, the remaining part of 
my Tract of Eight Thousand three hundred & 
fifty acres, & the Land whereon he now lives, 
during his life, & after his death I give the same 
to his Children, if he should leave any. But if he 
should die, leaving no Issue, I give the said Land 
whereon he Lives, to my son Thomas & his Heirs 
forever & the other Land I give to be equally 
divided between my sons Bernard & Thomas 
& their Heirs forever. But my will & desire is, 
that if my Daughter-in-Law, Anne Moore,^ should 
be left a Widow, she should have the Land whereon 
her Husband now lives & five hundred acres of 
that Land given him in Spotsylvania, during her 

' Anne Catherine, daughter of Governor Spotswood. 


life. I give to my son Augustine all the House 
& Kitchen Furniture that is in the House and 
Kitchen where he now lives & all the stocks of 
Cattle, Horses, Sheep & Hogs, that are on the 
Land & plantations herein before given to him 
& on his Land in Glocester County, & the Pots 
& Pans & other things that are on the said 
Lands & Plantations for the Plantation use. I 
give my Tract of Land in the same County that 
I bought of ''" '•' '•' to be equally divided between 
my sons Augustine, Bernard & Thomas and my 
Son-in-Law George Seaton & their Heirs forever. 
I give to my wife one Third part of my Slaves 
during her life, in which third part, my will & 
desire is, that she may have Neptune, the Coach- 
man & his wife Violet & Sambo & York, 
Sawyers & after the death of iny said wife, I 
give the said third part to be equally [Augustine 
Moore] divided between my sons Bernard and 
Thomas, they paying to their Brother Augustine, 
each, one hundred Pounds sterling, & if my sons 
Bernard & Thomas shall delay or refuse to pay 
to their said Brother the said sum of one hundred 
Pounds Sterling, each, then my will is, that my 


said son Augustine shall have one third part of 
the said slaves. I give to my son Augustine 
Moore, during his life, the use of one third part of 
the remainder of my slaves, after the slaves herein 
before given away, and my Wife's third part are 
taken out & my will is, that my said son shall 
have the slaves he is now in possession of, in his 
part & after his Death I give the said slaves to 
be divided among his children, if he shall have 
any, but if should have no children, I give the 
said slaves after his Death equally to be divided 
between my sons Bernard & Thomas and their 
Heirs. But it is further my Will, that my Daugh- 
ter-in-Law, Anne Moore, shall be left a widow, she 
shall have the use of Ten working slaves, such as 
she shall choose out of the part given my said 
son Augustine, during her life. One third part of 
the said Rcinainder of my Slaves I give to my 
son Bernard & his Heirs forever ; & the other 
third part I give to my son Thomas and his Heirs 
forever. I give to my Daughter Elizabeth Macon, 
besides what I have already given her, two hun- 
dred Pounds sterling, deducting, however, out of 
the said sum, the several sums of money I have 


advanced for the Payment of her late Husband's 
Debts. I give to my Daughter Lucy Robinson, 
besides what T have already given her, Three 
hundred Pounds Sterling. I give to each of my 
three Grandchildren, Elizabeth Macon, Luc)' Rob- 
inson & John Robinson, Fifty Pounds sterling to 
be laid out in young slaves. I give to my Son-in- 
Law, George Seton, One hundred Pounds of his 
Debt he owes to me. All the rest of my money, 
Debts, Goods, merchandize & other personal Es- 
tate, I give to be equally divided between my 
five children, Augustine Moore, Bernard Moore, 
Thomas Moore, Elizabeth Macon & Lucy Robin- 
son & their Heirs. My will & desire is, that 
my estate may not be appraised. Whereas Philip 
Whitehead Gent, has conveyed a Tract or Parcel 
of Land lying in the said County by Deed to John 
Dandridge, Philip Aylett & myself, my will is 
that ni}^ Executors hereafter named, or such of 
them as shall immediately act after my Death, 
shall convey & make over to William Dan- 
dridge Esq. all my right & Title to the said 
Tract or Parcel of Land, upon his paying the 
money I am engaged for to the said Philip White- 


head for the same, or otherwise discharging my 
estate from the Payment of the said money. I do 
appoint my Sons-in-JLaw George Seaton & John 
Eobinson, Guardians to my son Thomas. I make 
& appoint my son Bernard, my sons-in-Law, 
John Kobinson & George Seton & my son 
Thomas, when he becomes of age, Executors of 
this my last Will & Testament, in which there 
is an interlineation in the sixteenth hne of the 
second sheet of these words " Fifty Pounds Ster- 
ling," & I do hereby revoke all & every for- 
mer will or wills by me made, & declare this 
to be my last will & Testament, written on two 
sides of one sheet & on one side of another sheet 
of Paper signed * * * & to the last sheet 
I have set my hand & seal, this twentieth of 
January, one thousand seven hundred & forty- 
two. (Signed), 

" Augustine Moore [seal.] 

" Signed, sealed & published by the said Augustine Moore 
in the presence of us, 

Mary Bramble, 
Betty Todd, 
Kort . Tapscott, 
John Woolfolk. 
" Proved in King William Court, Aug' IS. 17. Geo. 2''." 


Abbey, New, 12. 
Aylett, Martha, 28. 

Blenheim, battle of, lo; Cas- 
tle, 13. 

Blue Ridge, 13. 

Bryan, Ann Butler, 15. 

Burwell, Nathaniel, 22. 

Butler, James, Duke of Or- 
mond, 15. 

Campbell, Robert, 22; John, 

Carter, Robert; Ann II. M. ; 

Bernard Moore ; Mildred 

Walker ; Lucy and Fitz- 

hu-h, 22. 
Caruthers, Dr. Wm. A., 14. 
Chelsea, 16, 18, 25, 27, 28, 29. 
Custis, Martha, 24. 

Daudridge, Capt. Nathaniel 
West, 23, 27 ; Martha, 24 ; 
Wm., 27 ; arms, 24. 

Delaware Town, 35. 

Dropmore, 23. 

Elliott, Gen., 16 ; Catherine. 

p]lson (Ireen, 23. 
Eugene, Prince, 16. 

Fae simile of Gov. Spotswood's 

signature, 19. 
Fairfield, 27. 
Flodden, battle of, 6. 

Germanna, 15 
Gordon, house of, 3. 

Henry, Patrick and Sarah. 24. 
Hopepriugle, Henry, 5. 

Kinloch, Francis and Eliza, 22. 
Knight of the Golden Horse- 
shoe, 14. 

Lee, Gen. Henry ; Philip Lud- 
well ; Lucy ; Charles Car- 
ter ; Gen. Robert E.; Capt 
Sidney Smith ; Ann and 
Mildred ; Leiper ; Thomas 
and Andrew, 21. 

Macon, Elizabeth, 34. 

Magazine, Powder, 14. 

Middletou, Earl of, 12. 

Moore, Augustine, Sr., 28 ; 
his will, 31-41; August- 



ine, Jr. ; Bernard, Sr., 18, 
20,27,30,31; Bernard. Jr., 
Elizabeth and Thomas, 21, 
22; Mary. 28; House, 17, 
arms, 25. 

3Iore, Sir Thomas, 28. 

JMonison, Bethia, 12. 

Nelson. Hugh and Mary, 22. 
Newpost and Nottingham, 20. 

Pendleton, Edmund, 27. 
Porto Bello, 29. 

Robinson, John (Speaker), 27, 

Rose, Rev. Robert, 26. 

Scott, Oen. Charle.^, 24. 

Seaton, G-eorge, 38. 

Spottiswoode, surname of, 3 ; 
Robert De, 3 ; Tower of, 
John and Robert, 4 ; Henry 
James and William, 5 ; 
David, Ninian and John, 
6, and John 6 ; Dr. James, 
7 ; John, .\rchbishop, 9 ; 

Sir John, 10; and John, 
10; Sir Robert and John, 
12 ; Sir Alexander and Ro- 
bert, M. D., 12; John, Laird 
of Spottiswoode, George of 
Gladswood, and Andrew of 
Broom Hall, 29. 

Spotswood, Alexander, gover- 
nor of Virginia, 13-18, 19. 
Gen. Alexander, 16, 26, 27; 
Wm. of Sedley Lodge, 16; 
John, 19 ; Ann Catherine, 
20, 29, 30, 37, 39 ; Doro- 
thea, 23; Robert, 25; arms, 

Spotsylvania county, Va., 26. 

Temple Farm, IS. 
Thompson, Rev. John, 21. 

Walker, John, 21. 
Washington, Gen. George, 24 ; 

Gen. Wm. Augustine, 19. 
West, Thomas, Lord Pe la 

Warr, 27. 
West Point, 35. 
William and Mary College, 14. 




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