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SCOTLAND AND VIRGINIA,
JOEL M U X S E L L
The siimame of Spottiswoofle is local, and was
assumed by the proprietors of the lands and barony
of Spottiswoode, in the parish of Gordon, and county
of Berwick, as soon as surnames became heredi-
tary in Scotland. The traditional account of
them is, that the male line of the ancient barons
of Spottiswoode failed, in the reign of king Alex-
ander II; that a j^ounger son of the illustrious
house of Gordon, who were then seated in the
same county, married the heiress and was oljliged
to take upon him the name of Spottiswoode ; but he
retained, in his armorial bearing, the boar's head
of the Gordons, which his successors, the barons
of Spottiswoode, carry to this day.
The immediate ancestor of this family was :
I. Robert De Spottiswoode, born in the reign of
Alexander III, who succeeded to the crown of
4 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
Scotland, 1249. He, with most of the nobility
and gentry of his country, was compelled to sub-
mit to king Edward I of England, 1296. He
died in the reign of king Robert Bruce, and left
issue, a son and successor :
XL John Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who made a
considerable figure in the reign of king David Bruce,
and appears to have Ijeen in great ftivor with that
prince, being witness in many of his charters and
other deeds. He built a house of worship, at the
old tower of Spottiswoode, called the White chapel,
the vestige whereof was lately to be seen : also an
altar-vase, at St. James's church, in Roxburgh.
He left a son :
III. Robert Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who suc-
ceeded him and lived in the reigns of king Robert
II and III. He married a daughter of the ancient
family of liighton of Wishaven, in the county of
Forfar, a sister of the celebrated Doctor Henry
Lighton, first, bishop of Murray, then of Aber-
deen : by her he had a son and heir :
Sl'O'l'SWOOl) (ilENEALOGY. 5>
IV. Henry Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who, in
many authentic writs, is designated nephew of the
said bishop Lighton, in the reign of king James
II, leaving issue a son and successor :
V. James Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who married
a daughter of Sir Adam Johnston, of that ilk,
progenitor of the marquis of Armandale, omitted
in the peerage, and by her he had a son William,
his heir :
VI. William Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who
married Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Hopeprin-
gle of Forsonee, by whom he had three sons and
one daughter : 1, David, his heir : 2, John,
who carried on the line of the family : 3, Hugh,
who had a charter of the lands of Barnacht, 1555.
This daughter Jean was married to William Hay
of Barra, an honorable cadet of the illustrious
house of Tweedale, of whom the Hays of Rauna
Alderoiowns, etc., are descended. This William
was a man of great bravery : he accompanied
king James IV to England, in his unfortunate
6 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
expedition at tlie battle of Flodclen, 1513. He
was succeeded b}^ his eldest son :
YII. David Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who died
in the end of the reign of James V, leaving issue
an only son :
YIII. Ninian Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who was
served heir to his father David, 1550. He was a
faithful, lojal subject to Queen Mary. Died in the
beginning of the reign of James VI : left issue two
sons : 1, William, who died unmarried, 1594 :
IX. 2, John, who died, not long surviving his
brother, but died also without issue, and in him
ended the whole male line of David Spottiswoode,
of that ilk, No. Ill of these memoirs. The repre-
sentation then devolved upon the descendants of
his brother John before mentioned.
VII. John, second son of William Spottiswoode,
of that ilk, No. VI of this genealogy, was born
1509, and, though young at his father's death, had
a liberal education, and passed his course at the
SPOTHWOOD GENEALOGY. 7
College of Glasgow, where he took his degrees of
Master of Arts, and Doctor of Divinity. He was a
man of great learning and piety. Theology hav-
ing been his chief study, he became a great orna-
ment to the church of Scotland. See Spotswood's
Church History/, etc. He took great pains in
promoting the interest of the reformation. He
married Beatrix, daughter of Patrick Crichton, by
whom he had two sons and one daughter : 1,
John, his heir, afterwards archbishop of St.
Andrews : 2, Doctor James, of whom, immediately.
His only daughter married .... Tennant, of
Lj-nch House, in East Lothian.
Doctor James Spottiswoode, 2d son of John, No.
VII, was born 1567. He had a regular education
at the University of Glasgow, and made great
application to his studies. In the year 1589 he
was appointed one of the gentlemen ushers, and
attended the king, James I, in his voyage to Den-
mark. Became a great favorite at court. In 1603
he accompanied his majesty into England : entered
into holy orders there, and that same year, had
the rectory of AYells, in Norfolk, bestowed upon
him. He was afterwards promoted to the bishop-
8 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
ric of Cloglier, in Ireland, 1621, where he continued
till the troubles of king Charles the first's time
obliged him to return to London, in 164^. He
died there, in 1644 ; was interred in Westminster
Abbe}^, near his father, the chancellor. By his
1st wife, a relation of the family of Norfolk, he
had two sons and one daughter. 1, Henry, after-
wards Sir Henry : 2, Richard Spottiswoode of
Drumcote : his daughter was married to Archibald,
son of Sir James Erskine. His eldest son. Sir
Henry, had the honor of knighthood conferred
upon him, when a young man, by king James
VI. He married Jean, daughter of Tristram
Bulkley, Esq., of Castle Farm-Hill, in Anglesey,
by whom he had several sons, whose posterity
still exists in Ireland, where they are possessed of
opulent fortunes. His daughter Jean was married
1st to George Hay, Esq., a younger son of John
Hay, of Barra, clerk register, and had issue. She
was married 2d, to James Sinclair of Roslin, to
whom she also had issue.
We now return to John, father of Doctor James,
wlio died anno 1685, in the 76th year of his age,
and was succeeded hy his eldest son :
Sl'( )'1'S\V0()D (iENEALOU Y.
VIII. John Spottiswoode, of that ilk, born anno
lfj65, who afterward became one of the greatest
men of the kingdom, for knowledge, learning,
virtue and merit. He had few equals, and was
excelled by none. He was archbishop of St.
Andrews, lord high chancellor of Scotland, etc.,
etc., and in every station of life acquitted himself
with dexterity, fidelity and honor, and as the life
and transactions of this truly great man are fully
recorded in his History of the Church of Scotland,
and briefly, by Mr. Crawford, in his Lives of the
Officers of the State, to these we refer the reader.
We shall only here observe that upon the death of
his cousin, John of SpottisAvoode, IX of this gene-
alogy, without issue, as before mentioned, he
succeeded to the estate of Spottiswoode, as heir male,
and was ever after designated by that title. How-
ever, in the year 1620, he sold the barony of
Spottiswoode to three brothers of the name of Bell,
with whom and their heirs, it remained till it was
purchased by the heir of the family, anno 1700, as
will be mentioned hereafter. But before this time
the bishop had purchased several other lands, par-
ticularly, the barony of Dairzie, in Fife, etc., etc.
10 SPOTS WOOD GENEALOGY.
He married Rachel, daughter of Doctor David
Lindsay, bishop of Koss, a son of the family of
Edzill, by whom he had two sons and one daugh-
ter: 1, John, afterwards Sir John, his heir: 2,
Sir Robert, who carried on the line of this family :
of whom, afterwards. His daughter, Anne, was
married to Sir William Sinclair, of Rosliii, and
had issue. He died at London, 2d of December,
1639, in the T4th year of his age, and by the
king's order was most pompously interred, in king
Henry Vllth's chapel, in Westminster Abbey, and
was succeeded by his eldest son :
IX. Sir John Spottiswoode, who, upon his father's
resignation had a charter written in Latin, 1616.
He was appointed one of the gentlemen of the
bed-chamber to the king, when a young man, and
had the honor of knighthood conferred upon him,
by his majesty, which appears by another charter
under the great seal, June 5, 162 L Sir John had
only one son, John Spottiswoode, Esq., a youth of
extraordinary parts, a most noble spirit, and a
staunch loyalist, who having joined the great
Montrose, was taken prisoner with him, and
SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY. H
executed immediately iifter him, anno 1650, in the
ilower of his age, to the great grief of all beholders
and every body else who knew him. His father
Sir John, died also before the restoration of king
Charles II, and having no surviving issue, the
representation devolved on the children of his
brother, Sir Robert, before mentioned, to whom we
IX. Sir Robert Spottiswoode, 2d son of the arch-
bishop, born 1596, was a man of extraordinary
parts, learning and merit. The history of his life
is subjoined to his Practicks of the Law of Scotland :
to that we refer our readers. "^ ''' *
As Sir Robert's great wisdom and knowledge in
our laws soon became very conspicuous, king James
VI, appointed him one of the extraordinary lords
of sessions and one of the privy council. He was
afterward hy king Charles I, appointed lord presi-
dent of the College of Justice and secretary for Scot-
land, which appears by another charter, dated 1636.
King Charles I having, a little before this time,
erected the bishopric of Edinburgh, prevailed with
Sir Robert to part with his lands of New Abbey, in
12 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
1634, which he gave as part of a patrimony to his
new bishopric, and though Sir Robert, to oblige his
majesty, readily agreed to it, yet certain it is,
the price was not paid ; but the estate of the bishops
being soon thereafter abrogated, the king, in 1641,
by a signature under his royal hand, reponed Sir
Robert to his former rights and gave back his „
title deeds, etc., but he being obnoxious to the
prevailing faction, was obliged to leave the king-
dom, so that his signatures never passed the seals,
and his estate continued in the possession of the
Sir Robert in 1629 married Bethia, eldest
daughter of Sir Alexander Morrison, of Preston
Grange, one of the senators of the College of Justice
by whom he had three sons, who survived him : —
1, John who died immediately before the restora-
tion of king Charles II. 2, Sir Alexander, who
carried on the line of the family. 3, Robert, who
being bred to physic, was by king Charles II
appointed physician to the governor and garrison
of Tangier. He went to that place with the earl
of Middleton and died there 1688, leaving issue
by his wife, Catharine, widow Elliott, only one son,
SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY. 13
Alexander, born at Tangier, anno 1676, who made
a great figure in Iiis time.
He was bred in the army from his childhood.
He served with distinction under the duke of
Marlborough : was wounded, in the breast, at the
battle of Blenheim, August 13, 1704. When
governor of Virginia he sometimes showed his
guests a cannon ball, which, when spent, struck
his coat in battle. Blenheim Castle is represented
in the back ground of the three-quarter portrait of
him preserved (1868), at Chelsea, King William
He was governor of the colony from 1710 to
1723. He brought over with him the right of Jiabeas
corpus, hitherto denied to Virginians, although
guarantied to Englishmen by Magna Gharta. He
was the author of an act making tobacco-notes the
medium of ordinary circulation. Being a master
of the military art, he kept the militia under
In 1716, Governor Spotswood made the first
complete discovery of a passage over the Blue
Kidge mountains. Upon his return, he presented
each of the gentlemen, who accompanied him, with
14 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
a golden horse shoe. Some of these were set with
jDrecious stones, resenihhng the heads of horse-shoe
nails. The horse-shoe had inscribed, on one side
of it, the motto : jSw juvat transcendere monies.
A novel entitled : The Kniglit of the Golden
Horse-Shoe, by Dr. Wm. A. Caruthers, of Vir-
ginia, derives its name and its subject from this
exploit of the governor.
He urged upon the British government the
policy of establishing a chain of posts, beyond the
Alleghanies, from the lakes to the Mississippi, to
restrain the encroachments of the French. He
reduced to submission the Indian tribes, and blend-
ing humanity with vigor, taught them, that while
he could chastise their insolence, he commiserated
their fate. He recommended the intermarriage of
the whites with that race. He took measures to
extend the advantages of a Christian education
to the Indian children.
He was a proficient in the mathematics and
well skilled in architecture : he built the octagon
Powder Magazine at Williamsburg, afterwards so
noted in tlie time of Governor Dunmore ; rebuilt
the College of William and Mary, and made im-
SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY. 15
provements in the governor's house and gardens.
He was styled the Tubal Cain of Virginia, and was
indeed the pioneer of iron manufacture in North
Previous to the year 1624, Governor Spots-
wood had founded, on a horse-shoe neninsula of
four hundred acres, on the Rapidan river, in
Spotsylvania county (named after him), the little
town of Germana, so called as having been settled
by Germans, sent over by Queen Anne.
During the year 1624, Governor Spotswood
married Ann Butler, daughter of Richard Bryan,
Esq., of Westminster. She derived her middle
name from James Butler, duke of Ormond, her
godfather. The governor now resided at Ger-
Governor Spotswood left in manuscript a histo-
rical account of Virginia during his administration.
Although a whig in politics, he was a high church-
man, and had high notions of governmental pre-
rogative : but a long residence in Virginia and the
identity of his interests with those of the Virgin-
ians appear to have greatly changed his views of
governmental authority and popular rights.
16 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
Besides his portrait at Chelsea, before referred
to, there is another, preserved formerly at Not-
tingham, seat of General Alexander Spotswood,
and since at Sedley Lodge, seat of William Spots-
wood, Esq., in Orange county, Virginia ; also one
of Lady Spotswood and of General Elliott (half
brother of the governor), who commanded the
cavalry under Marlborough, at the battle of Blen-
heim, and also served under the Prince Eugene.
General Elliott is represented in complete armor.
The Sedley Lodge portrait of the governor has
been daguerreotyped in miniature, and the da-
guerreotype was in the possession of the Rev. Philip
Slaughter, some years ago. It represents him in
full court dress — scarlet velvet: elegant tie of the
cravat, which is brought down the breast and then
tied : fine and noble looking in face and figure.
SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY. 17
Major General Alexander Spotswood, when on
the eve of emharking at the head of an expe-
dition, destined for Carthagena in South America,
died at AnapoHs, Maryland, on the 7th day of
June, 1740. He was probably buried there;
but some suppose, that he may have been
interred at Temple Farm on York river. A mile
or two below Yorktown, on the south bank of the
majestic York, extending from a fine bluff a mile
back from the river, is the old Temple farm. An
aged tombstone bears witness, that it was one of
the earliest settlements on the river. From the
lofty and commanding bluff the view is unbroken
down the York river to its mouth, where it merges
in the waters of the Chesapeake bay. The man-
sion house built by Governor Spotswood still sur-
vives (1861), and excites the interest of the passing
traveller. During the revolutionary war, it was
known as the Moore House, a name which it still
bears, and which was derived from a widow Moore,
who owned it. It will be remembered that Ber-
18 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
nard Moore, Sen., of Chelsea married Gov. Spots-
wood's eldest daughter.
The articles of capitulation at the surrender of
Lord Cornwallis were drawn up and subscribed in
the Moore house. The estate of Temple Farm is
supposed to have derived its name from a temple-
like structure, which the governor erected there
as a family vault. Some vestiges of it remained
to the year 1834, but they have since entirely dis-
appeared. Only one tombstone (besides the one
already mentioned) remains in this place of
burial — a large iron slab, which lies partly im-
bedded in the ground. On it there is represented
a hunting scene with heraldic emblems. The
inscription is :
Major William Gooch, of tliis Parish,
Dyed October 29, 1655.
Within this tomb there doth interred lie
No shape but substance — true nobility
Itself; though young in years, just twenty-nine,
Yet graced with vertues morall and divine ;
The church from him did good participate ;
In counsell firm — fit to adorn a state.
The children of Alexander Spotswood (governor
of Virginia) and xVnn Butler, his wife, were : (I)
John, (II) Ann Catherine, (III) Dorothea, (IV)
JOHN married (1745) Mar j, daughter of William
Dandridge, Esq., of the British navy, commander
of the Ludlow Castle man of war.
1, Alexander, general in American army of the
revolution, married Elizabeth, dauoiiter of General
William Augustine Washington, and niece and
legatee of General George Washington.
1, John, captain in American revolutionary
army (was wounded at the battle of Brandy wine) .
20 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
2, George W. ; 3, William; 4, Elizabeth (Mrs.
Page) ; b, Mary (Mrs. Brook) ; 6, Ann (Mrs.
Taliaferro) ; 7, Henrietta (Mrs. Buslirod Washing-
ton) ; 8, Martha.
Residence of General Alexander Spotswood, alter-
nately at New Post and Nottingham, his seats on
the Rappahannock river l;)elow Fredericksburg.
1, Captain John Spotswood married Sally Rowsie.
1, Mary; 2, John; 3, Susan; 4, Robert; 5, Dan-
dridge; 6, Elliott; 7, Sally; 8, Dandridge ; 9,
Norborne Berkley ; 10, Lucy; 11, Ann.
ANN CATHERINE Spotswood, daughter of the
governor, married Bernard Moore, senior, of Chel-
sea, King William county, Va.
1, Augustine; 2, Thomas; 3, Bernard; 4 , Eliza-
beth ; 5, Ann Butler ; 6, John ; 7, Lucy ; 8,
[N. B. — John Robinson, commonly called
"Speaker Robinson," married 1st, Lucy, daughter
SPOTSWOOD (iEXEA].0(JY. 21
of Augustine Moore, senior, oi' Chelsea, and sister
of Bernard Moore, senior ; and 2d, Lucy Cliiswell.]
1, Augustine Moore, Jr., married Sarah Rind,
and left one daughter, Sarah, who married Carter
1, Carter Moore; 2, Thomas Corbin ; 3, Augus-
tine ; 4, Judith ; 5, Robert Carter ; 6, George ; 7,
2, Thomas Moore, son of Bernard Moore, Sr.,
3, Bernard Moore, Jr., married Lucy Ann Hea-
bard Leiper (niece of Thomas Leiper, manufacturer
of snuff. Market street, Philadelphia, who married
a Miss Thomas of Maryland) .
1, Andrew Leiper ; 2, Thomas ; 3, Elizabeth ;
4, Elizabeth Moore married John Walker of
Belvoir, Albemarle county, Va. Their only child,
22 SPOTSAVOOD (tEXEALOGY.
Mildred, married Francis Kiiilocli, M. C. of Ken-
sington, S. C, and their only child, Eliza, married
Hon. Hugh Nelson of Belvoir.
5, Ann Butler Moore married Charles Carter
1, Koljert ; 2, Ann Hill ; 3, Bernard Moore ; 4,
Catherine Spotswood ; 5, Williams ; 6, Mildred
Walker ; 7, Lucy ; 8, Fitzhugh.
5, Robert Carter of Shirley, married Mary Nelson
of York ; 2, Ann Hill Carter married General
Henry Lee (she being his 2d wife. His 1st wife
was Matilda, daughter of Philip Ludwell Lee, Esq.
ChildTen: 1, Henry; 2, Luc}). Children: 1,
Charles Carter ; 2, Robert Edward (general and
commander-in-chief of Confederate army) so named
after two uncles, Robert and Edward Carter ; 3,
Captain Sidney Smith of U. S. and C. S. navy ;
4, Ann ; 5, Mildred.
3, Bernard Moore Carter married Lucy, daughter
of Governor Henry Lee and Matilda, his wife.
SPOTS wool) (iEXEALOGY. 23
4, Catherine Spotswood Carter married Carter
1, Elizabeth ; 2, Edmund ; 3, Farley.
5, Williams Carter (residence Westover, on
James river and South Wales, Hanover county,
Va.), married Charlotte Foushee.
7, Lucy Carter married Nathaniel Burwell ;
residence, Dropmore, Roanoke county, Va.
DOROTHEA Spotswood married Captain Na-
thaniel West Dandridge of the British navy (son
of Captain Wm. Dandridge of Elson Green). (He
was lame) .
1, Spotswood ; 2, John ; 3, Robert ; 4, William ;
5, Nathaniel ; 6, Mary ; 7, Anna ; 8, Dorothea ;
and 3 others.
2, John Dandridge married a Miss Goode ; 3,
Robert, married a Miss Allen ; 4, William, married
24 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOUY.
a Miss Boiling ; 5, Nathaniel, married a Miss Wat-
son ; 6, Mary, married Woodson Payne ; another
daughter 7, married Archibald Payne ; and another
8, married Philip Payne ; 9, Anna, married her
cousin John Spotswood Moore ; 10, Dorothea Dan-
dridge was 2d wife of Patrick Henry, Jr., the orator.
1, Sarah ; 2, Catherine ; 3, Nathaniel ; 4, Wins-
ton ; 5, Patrick ; 6, John ; 7, Spotswood ; 8, Fay-
], Sarah Henry married 1st, Robert Campbell,
brother to Thomas Campbell, the poet ; 2d, Gene-
ral Charles Scott of the American army of the
revolution. She was living in 1846.
[N.B. — General George Washington married
Martha (widow of John Parke) Custis, a daughter
of John Dandridge of the same family of that
name as those above mentioned.]
Spotswood Arms. — Argent, a cheveron gules,
between three oak trees eradicate, vert. Sup-
porters two satyrs proper. Crest, an eagle dis-
played gules, looking to the sun in splendor, proper.
SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY. 25
Motto : Patior ut Potiar.
Chief seat : At the castle of Spottiswoode, in
The Spotswood arms were engraved on the silver
plate, at Nottingham, near Fredericksburg, Va.,
seat of General Alexander Spotswood.
The arms of Dandridge (Great Malverne, county
Worcester, England), Az. A lion's head erased,
or between three muscles ar. quartering the arms of
Strange and Strong. Crest, a lion's head. A lion's
head erased, charged with a muscle ar.
Arms of Moore of Chelsea, King William county,
Va. Moore, lord mayor of London, 1682, erm. 3
greyhounds courant sa. collared gu. and for aug-
mentation on a canton gu. a lion of England pass.
EGBERT Spotswood, youngest child of the
governor, was a subaltern officer under Washington
in the old French and Indian war. Being sent out
from Fort Cumberlaud (1756) with a scouting
party, he was supposed to have been killed by the
Indians. His remains w^ere found near Fort Du
Quesne. He died without issue.
26 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
Major General Alexander Spotswoocl, sometime
governor of Virginia, owned a large tract of land
in the county of Spotsylvania (which took its name
from him) whereon he had erected works for cast-
ing pig iron, and in which he employed the greater
part of his slaves. He also owned a large tract of
land in the counties of Orange and Culpepper. By
his will, dated April 19, 1740, he devised all his
said lands and his working slaves, in tail, to his
eldest son, John. The governor left two cabinets
of silver plate, weighing one thousand and eighty-
nine ounces, to his wife for her life, and at her
death to John, if he should arrive at the age of
twenty-one, but if not, then to Robert, the said
plate to descend as an heir loom in the family.
The executors were Elliott Benger, gentleman,
and Rev. Ro1)ert Rose, and the testator's wife,
At the time of his marriage, the governor settled
on his wife an annuity of five hundred pounds
sterling for her life, for her jointure in case she
should survive him. The governor's will was
recorded in Orange county. John Spotswood,
eldest son of the governor, died about the year
SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY. 27
1759, leaving Mary his widow and lour children,
viz : Alexander Spotswood, his eldest son and heir,
John, Anne and Mary. John Spotswood, Sr., left
to each of his danghters one thousand pounds
sterling and a slave; to Anne a mulatto girl called
Betty ; and to Mary a negro slave named Phillis,
and all the rest of his estate to his younger son
John. The executors were John Robinson (the
Speaker) Bernard Moore of Chelsea, John Champe,
Edmund Pendleton and Roger Dixon, gentlemen,
and Nicholas Seward. Bernard Moore l^ecame
sole acting executor and guardian of Alexander
and John Spotswood.
Mary, the widow of John Spotswood (eldest son
of the governor), married 2d, John Campbell, gen-
Captain William Dandridge of the British navy,
married Unity West, a descendant, it is said, of
Thomas, Lord De la Warr, and located lands on
Allen's creek, in Hanover county, Va. Captain
Dandridge died while on a visit there, and was
buried at the seat of Captain Nathaniel West
At Fairfield, King William county, Va., the ori-
. . 4
28 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
ginal seat of tlie Ayletts, is a tombstone of Martha
A3'lett, daughter of the honorable William Dan-
dridge and Unity West, his wife.
The Rev. John Thompson, who married the
widow of Governor Spotswood, was an Irishman.
He resided in Culpepper county, Va., and was a
minister of exemplary character.
There is at Chelsea a portrait of Austin Moore,
the first of his family in Virginia. He located a
large tract of land on the Matapony in King Wil-
liam county, and was knowai as " Old Grub Moore"
owing to his have cleared so much new land. He
lived at first at Eomancock on the Pamunkey river,
but afterward built Chelsea^ on the Matapony and
lived there. The front part of the building which
is in the shape of a T is thirty years older than
the rear. He also built the Pleasant Hill house
for Speaker Robinson, who married his daughter
Lucy Moore, and Clifton and Huntingdon. His
tombstone and that of his 1st wdfe, Mary, were to
be seen in the garden at Chelsea in 1850. There
is a portrait of him and one of his wives preserved
1 The celebrated Sir Thomas More, lord chancellor in the
reii^n of Henry VITI, lived at Chelsea, Loudon
SPOTSWOOI) (iEXEALOGY. 29
at Chelsea (1868). There are also there portraits
of Speaker Robinson and of Lucy Moore, whom he
Bernard Moore, Sr., son of Austin, married Ann
Catherine, daughter of Governor Spotswood and
resided at Chelsea.
The present representative of the family in Scot-
land, is John Spottiswoode, Esq., M. P., laird of
Spottiswoode. His brothers are George Spottis-
woode of Gladswood, county Berwick, Scotland,
lieutenant colonel in the army and Andrew Spottis-
woode^ of Broom Hall, county Surrey, England.
The representative of the family resides, during
the greater portion of the year, at Spottiswoode,
on his extensive hereditary estate, the modern
mansion being one of the finest in southern Scot-
land. The old mansion still remains. Thirty
miles of underground drains have been made on
this estate^ reclaiming hundreds of acres of land,
lying between the Blackadder and the Leader.
Governor Spotswood had a country seat near
Williamsburg, Va., called Porto Bello. The de-
' Of the house of Spottiswoode & Eyre of London, printers of
Bibles, etc., to her majesty. They have a branch in New York.
30 SPOTSWOOl) (tEXEALO(iY.
scendants of the governor in Virginia and other
states are numerous, and his memory is held in
Ann Catherine Spotswood, eldest daughter of
the governor, and who married Bernard Moore
of Chelsea, was elegant in person and manners,
and of a high spirit. She was a strong adherent
of the British government, while her husband and
children sympathized with the patriot cause in
the revolution. She, as being the daughter of a
haughty British governor, persisted in drinking
her tea, although a contraband article, privately,
in her closet, during the war. There is a tradi-
tion of her having made her negroes toss an
overseer who had offended her, in a blanket,
while she stood at a window to witness the scene.
Once when her husband was absent, being at
Hanover Court House, on a bat-shooting expedi-
tion, upon a sudden alarm of Indians she ordered
up all hands, manned and provisioned a boat, and
made good her retreat down to West Point. In
her old age she became large and somewhat em-
A granddaughter of hers remembers, when she
SPOTSWOOD GENEALOaf . 31
was a little girl, seeing her sitting up in bed, at
Chelsea, combing her white and silken hair, a
servant holding up a looking-glass before her.
John Baylor of New Market, CaroHne county,
Va., father of Col. George Baylor of the revolution,
in letters written in 1764, to London merchants,
makes mention of Col. Bernard Moore, Sr., as his
near relation and guardian, who had been to him
" the best of fathers," and as worthy, industrious
and honorable a man, as was to be found in
Cojni of Col. Augustine 3Ioores Will.
[He died July 28, 1743.]
'• In the name of God, amen, I Augustine Moore,
of King William county, being in my perfect
senses & memory, do make this my last will &
" I give to my dear & well beloved wife, Eliza-
beth Moore, during her natural Life, my dwelling
House, together with all the Land & Plantation
thereunto adjoining & one half of the Land I
bought of Martin & Roger Palmer, to be divided by
32 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
a Line to be run across from James Richeson's
line to Claiborne's Line, & after her death, I
give the said House, Lands & Plantations, to
my son Bernard Moore, & the Heirs of his
Body, & for want of such Heirs, to my son
Thomas Moore, & the Heirs of his Body &
for want of such ]ieirs, to the Heirs of my son
Augustine Moore, & for the want of such Heirs,
to be equally divided between my two Daughters,
Elizabeth Macon & Lucy Robinson, & the
Heirs of their Bodys & for want of such Heirs,
to my Sons-in-Law John Robinson & George
Seton & their Heirs, forever. I also give to my
said Wife, during her life, the use of all my
Plate, Household & Kitchen Furniture, & all the
stock of cattle, sheep & Hogs, on the said Plan-
tations, and after her death I give all the said
•Furniture, half the Plate, & two-thirds of the
Stock, to my son Bernard Moore, & the other
Third of the Stock & half the plate, I give to
my son Thomas Moore, & if the Plantations,
here-in-before given to my wife, shall not be sufh-
cient to work her slaves upon, I will that she shall
have the choice of Lands & Plantations, either
SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY. 33
in Caroline or Spotsylvania Countys to work
them on. I give to my said Wife two hundred
Pounds sterling & three slaves, to wit : Catina/
Old Jenny & Dinah, my Coach & Chaise &
Coach Horses & all my Boats. I give to my
son Bernard Moore, all that tract of Land lying
in Caroline & Spotsylvania Counties, whereon
Joseph Woolfolk is now overseer, part of which I
have already given to my said son by Deeds, all
which said Tract of Land I give to my said son
Bernard Moore & his Heirs, forever. I also give
to my said son all the stock of Cattle, Horses,
Sheep & Hogs, that are upon the said Land,
& the Pots & Pans & other Things made use of on
the said Plantation. I give to my son Thomas
Moore all that tract of Land & Plantation, that
I bought of the Rev. Mr. John Fox, called &
known by the name of the Brick house & the
other half of the Land I bought of Martin &
Roger Palmer, & my Water Grist-mill, adjoining
to the said Land I bought of Fox, but my will is
that my wife & my two sons, Augustine &
' A half-breed lodian.
34 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
Bernard Moore have their corn ground, Toll free,
at the said Mill. I give the said Lands & Mill
to my said son Thomas & the Heirs of his Body,
& for want of such Heirs, to the Heirs of the
Body of my son Augustine, and for want of such
Heirs, to be equally divided between my two
daughters, Elizabeth Macon & Lucy Robinson
& the Heirs of their Bodys, & for the want of such
Heirs, to my Sons-in-Law John Robinson & George
Seton & their Heirs, forever. I also give to my
said son Thomas, all the Furniture that came in
for and belongs to the house, lately built on the
said Land, as also the stock of Cattle, Horses
Sheep & Hogs, that are on the said Land &
Plantation, & Pots & Pans & other things that
are thereon for Plantation use. I give to my
son Thomas a Tract of Land, containing Two
Thousand acres, lying in Spotsylvania county &
called & known by the name of Rich Neck, &
one thousand acres, part of a tract of Eight thou-
sand thiee hundred & fifty acres, in the fork of
Pamunkej^, the said one thousand acres to be laid
off adjoining to a Tract of one thousand acres
[Augustine Moore] granted the said Thomas by
SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY. 35
Patent, by a Line to be run from River to River :
I give the said Tract of Land to my said son
Thomas & his Heirs forever. I also give to my
said son Thomas all the stocks of Cattle, Horses,
Sheep & Hogs, that are on the said Lands, to
gether with the Pots & Pans & other things
that are thereon for the Plantation use. I give to
my son Bernard Moore, and his Heirs forever, two
of my Lots in Delaware Town,^ whereon the
dwelling house & store now stands, and the Lot
whereon the kitchen stands, I give to my son
Thomas Moore & his Heirs forever. I give to my
Daughter, Elizabeth Macon, five Hundred acres of
Land, part of my Tract of Eight Thousand three
hundred & fifty acres, to be laid off at the lower
end of said Tract, & on the North side of the
Ridge road, to her & the Heirs of her Body
lawfully begotten, I also give to my said Daughter
Elizabeth, Hannah, Great Daniel's Wife, & their
children & all their future increase, which said
slaves I hereby annex to the said land, & declare
1 So called after Thomas \Yest, Lord Delaware, and now
called West Point.
36 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
my mind & will to be that the same shall descend
pass and go in the same manner as the said Land
hereafter is limited & appointed. I give to my
Daughter, Lucy Robinson, five hundred acres of
Land, part of the same Tract, to be laid off at the
lower end of the said Tract, & on the South side
of the Ridge road, to her & the Heirs of her Body
•^^ I also give to my said Daughter Lucy, these
slaves, to wit: Judy, Robin's wife, & Great Patty
at the Home house, & their children, & all their
future Licrease ; which slaves I do hereby annex
to the said Land & declare my mind & will to
be that the same shall descend pass & go in the
same manner as the said Land is hereafter limited
and appointed ; and if both or either of my said
Daughters shall die, not having Issue of her Body
at the time of her death, then I give the Lands
& Slaves devised to such Daughter, or Daughters
so dying, to my son Augustine Moore, & to his
Heirs forever ; he paying to his Brothers, Bernard
& Thomas, two-thirds of the value of the Slaves,
which shall descend or come to him, upon fiiilure
of such Issue as aforesaid ; & in case my son
SPOTS WOOD GENEALOGY. 37
Augustine shall Ikil or refuse to pay to his said
Brothers, or their Heirs, the before-mentioned
proportion of the vahie of the SLives so descended,
or come to him, as aforesaid, then I give the said
Lands & Shaves of my said Daughters, or Daugh-
ter, so dying, to my sons Bernard & Thomas,
their Heirs & assigns, as Tenants in common,
equally to be divided between them. I give to
my son Augustine Moore, the remaining part of
my Tract of Eight Thousand three hundred &
fifty acres, & the Land whereon he now lives,
during his life, & after his death I give the same
to his Children, if he should leave any. But if he
should die, leaving no Issue, I give the said Land
whereon he Lives, to my son Thomas & his Heirs
forever & the other Land I give to be equally
divided between my sons Bernard & Thomas
& their Heirs forever. But my will & desire is,
that if my Daughter-in-Law, Anne Moore,^ should
be left a Widow, she should have the Land whereon
her Husband now lives & five hundred acres of
that Land given him in Spotsylvania, during her
' Anne Catherine, daughter of Governor Spotswood.
38 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
life. I give to my son Augustine all the House
& Kitchen Furniture that is in the House and
Kitchen where he now lives & all the stocks of
Cattle, Horses, Sheep & Hogs, that are on the
Land & plantations herein before given to him
& on his Land in Glocester County, & the Pots
& Pans & other things that are on the said
Lands & Plantations for the Plantation use. I
give my Tract of Land in the same County that
I bought of ''" '•' '•' to be equally divided between
my sons Augustine, Bernard & Thomas and my
Son-in-Law George Seaton & their Heirs forever.
I give to my wife one Third part of my Slaves
during her life, in which third part, my will &
desire is, that she may have Neptune, the Coach-
man & his wife Violet & Sambo & York,
Sawyers & after the death of iny said wife, I
give the said third part to be equally [Augustine
Moore] divided between my sons Bernard and
Thomas, they paying to their Brother Augustine,
each, one hundred Pounds sterling, & if my sons
Bernard & Thomas shall delay or refuse to pay
to their said Brother the said sum of one hundred
Pounds Sterling, each, then my will is, that my
SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY. 39
said son Augustine shall have one third part of
the said slaves. I give to my son Augustine
Moore, during his life, the use of one third part of
the remainder of my slaves, after the slaves herein
before given away, and my Wife's third part are
taken out & my will is, that my said son shall
have the slaves he is now in possession of, in his
part & after his Death I give the said slaves to
be divided among his children, if he shall have
any, but if should have no children, I give the
said slaves after his Death equally to be divided
between my sons Bernard & Thomas and their
Heirs. But it is further my Will, that my Daugh-
ter-in-Law, Anne Moore, shall be left a widow, she
shall have the use of Ten working slaves, such as
she shall choose out of the part given my said
son Augustine, during her life. One third part of
the said Rcinainder of my Slaves I give to my
son Bernard & his Heirs forever ; & the other
third part I give to my son Thomas and his Heirs
forever. I give to my Daughter Elizabeth Macon,
besides what I have already given her, two hun-
dred Pounds sterling, deducting, however, out of
the said sum, the several sums of money I have
40 SPOTSWOOD GENEALOGY.
advanced for the Payment of her late Husband's
Debts. I give to my Daughter Lucy Robinson,
besides what T have already given her, Three
hundred Pounds Sterling. I give to each of my
three Grandchildren, Elizabeth Macon, Luc)' Rob-
inson & John Robinson, Fifty Pounds sterling to
be laid out in young slaves. I give to my Son-in-
Law, George Seton, One hundred Pounds of his
Debt he owes to me. All the rest of my money,
Debts, Goods, merchandize & other personal Es-
tate, I give to be equally divided between my
five children, Augustine Moore, Bernard Moore,
Thomas Moore, Elizabeth Macon & Lucy Robin-
son & their Heirs. My will & desire is, that
my estate may not be appraised. Whereas Philip
Whitehead Gent, has conveyed a Tract or Parcel
of Land lying in the said County by Deed to John
Dandridge, Philip Aylett & myself, my will is
that ni}^ Executors hereafter named, or such of
them as shall immediately act after my Death,
shall convey & make over to William Dan-
dridge Esq. all my right & Title to the said
Tract or Parcel of Land, upon his paying the
money I am engaged for to the said Philip White-
SPOTSWOOD GENEALOdY. 41
head for the same, or otherwise discharging my
estate from the Payment of the said money. I do
appoint my Sons-in-JLaw George Seaton & John
Eobinson, Guardians to my son Thomas. I make
& appoint my son Bernard, my sons-in-Law,
John Kobinson & George Seton & my son
Thomas, when he becomes of age, Executors of
this my last Will & Testament, in which there
is an interlineation in the sixteenth hne of the
second sheet of these words " Fifty Pounds Ster-
ling," & I do hereby revoke all & every for-
mer will or wills by me made, & declare this
to be my last will & Testament, written on two
sides of one sheet & on one side of another sheet
of Paper signed * * * & to the last sheet
I have set my hand & seal, this twentieth of
January, one thousand seven hundred & forty-
" Augustine Moore [seal.]
" Signed, sealed & published by the said Augustine Moore
in the presence of us,
Kort . Tapscott,
" Proved in King William Court, Aug' IS. 17. Geo. 2''."
Abbey, New, 12.
Aylett, Martha, 28.
Blenheim, battle of, lo; Cas-
Blue Ridge, 13.
Bryan, Ann Butler, 15.
Burwell, Nathaniel, 22.
Butler, James, Duke of Or-
Campbell, Robert, 22; John,
Carter, Robert; Ann II. M. ;
Bernard Moore ; Mildred
Walker ; Lucy and Fitz-
Caruthers, Dr. Wm. A., 14.
Chelsea, 16, 18, 25, 27, 28, 29.
Custis, Martha, 24.
Daudridge, Capt. Nathaniel
West, 23, 27 ; Martha, 24 ;
Wm., 27 ; arms, 24.
Delaware Town, 35.
Elliott, Gen., 16 ; Catherine.
p]lson (Ireen, 23.
Eugene, Prince, 16.
Fae simile of Gov. Spotswood's
Flodden, battle of, 6.
Gordon, house of, 3.
Henry, Patrick and Sarah. 24.
Hopepriugle, Henry, 5.
Kinloch, Francis and Eliza, 22.
Knight of the Golden Horse-
Lee, Gen. Henry ; Philip Lud-
well ; Lucy ; Charles Car-
ter ; Gen. Robert E.; Capt
Sidney Smith ; Ann and
Mildred ; Leiper ; Thomas
and Andrew, 21.
Macon, Elizabeth, 34.
Magazine, Powder, 14.
Middletou, Earl of, 12.
Moore, Augustine, Sr., 28 ;
his will, 31-41; August-
ine, Jr. ; Bernard, Sr., 18,
20,27,30,31; Bernard. Jr.,
Elizabeth and Thomas, 21,
22; Mary. 28; House, 17,
3Iore, Sir Thomas, 28.
JMonison, Bethia, 12.
Nelson. Hugh and Mary, 22.
Newpost and Nottingham, 20.
Pendleton, Edmund, 27.
Porto Bello, 29.
Robinson, John (Speaker), 27,
Rose, Rev. Robert, 26.
Scott, Oen. Charle.^, 24.
Seaton, G-eorge, 38.
Spottiswoode, surname of, 3 ;
Robert De, 3 ; Tower of,
John and Robert, 4 ; Henry
James and William, 5 ;
David, Ninian and John,
6, and John 6 ; Dr. James,
7 ; John, .\rchbishop, 9 ;
Sir John, 10; and John,
10; Sir Robert and John,
12 ; Sir Alexander and Ro-
bert, M. D., 12; John, Laird
of Spottiswoode, George of
Gladswood, and Andrew of
Broom Hall, 29.
Spotswood, Alexander, gover-
nor of Virginia, 13-18, 19.
Gen. Alexander, 16, 26, 27;
Wm. of Sedley Lodge, 16;
John, 19 ; Ann Catherine,
20, 29, 30, 37, 39 ; Doro-
thea, 23; Robert, 25; arms,
Spotsylvania county, Va., 26.
Temple Farm, IS.
Thompson, Rev. John, 21.
Walker, John, 21.
Washington, Gen. George, 24 ;
Gen. Wm. Augustine, 19.
West, Thomas, Lord Pe la
West Point, 35.
William and Mary College, 14.
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