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71 

. L6529| 

L652x 

1913 



THE LI 

IGHAM IVERSirS) 

PROVO, UIAH 



Do Mbt 



v 



'jO-I V3 C7>.<'TX^C«. *JC<Xy0^, . 



GENEALOGY 

OF THE 

VIRGINIA FAMILY 

OF 

LOMAX 



"A£ LASSESCE" 



By one of the teoenth 
generation in the direct line 



With references to the Lunsford. Wormeley. 
Micou. Roy. Corbin. Eltonhead, Tayloe, 
Plater, Addison. Taskcr. Burford. Wilkinson. 
Griffin. Cwynn. Lindsay. Payne, Presley, 
Thornton. Savage. Wellford. Randolph. 
Isham, Yates, and other prominent families 
of Virginia and Maryland. 



CHICAGO 

RAND McNALLY & CO. 

1913 



9-29 . a 

311 






oorvmicBT itu 
•t H»i«», McNaixt * C«. 

Chicago 



/ 









INTRODUCTION 

TM. record ha. to do with familiea. who in the early part of the «veD- 
^eLTnedU En,,., , ^ZZKEZZSS 

...in suffer the same tribulations .nd "^^"J^ ^J^ ^ „ 

Umt.dSt.tes-whieh .lso gr«» out ol ehange. ml M on. « d _ 

attendant loss o. We. prop.,.,-, and "^ J^TlftS And ...in 
holder to toiler, the consequent effaeemenl ot cut. .no 

the inevitable exodus. „,hers.ise h.ve been had not tho 

records pertinent to this genealogy. ^ ^ a ^ qr 



THE LIBRARY 
BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY, 

Tvor^rrk UTAH 



PREFACE 

The author', indebtednc to Joseph Lomax. Virginia Urn** XcnerJ 
Lindsay Lunsford Umax, other member, of the Loma* famdy. and W. H. 
Tayloe a. well a. to Mr,. Sally Nelson Robin, Ass.stant Ubranan of the 
Virginia Historical Society. Richmond. V..; The Virgmi* Maga*ne. Richmond. 
Va and the William and Mary College Quarterly Histoncal M.gazme, 
Williamsburg. Va.. for varied information and valuable data furnished, u here 
gratefully acknowledged. 






y 



INDEX 

ILLUSTRATIONS 

Pm* 

Description of the Lomax Coat of Arm* . • 

Coat of Arms 

Crest and Motto 

Seal Ring of Sir Thomas Lunsford . . .' • 

Sir Thomas Lunsford . 

Colonel Henry Lunsford ..;.,•••••; 

The Honorable John Tayloe 

Judge John Tayloe Lomax - * 

John Spotswood Wellford ...■..•.••••••*••••.'•'• 

Presley Thornton Lomax ......< 

General Lindsay Lunsford Lomax 

Spotswood Wellford Lomax .....-• •• 

Edward Lloyd Lomax, Sr 

Edward Lloyd Lomax. Jr • 

CONTENTS 

ra«» 

CHAPTF.R 

1. Origin. Name, and Family . 

11. Genealogy of the Virginia Family of Lomax '..*"' 

|U Extracts from a Family Bible . *• " 

IV. Sketches of the Reverend John Lomax of North Shields. Northumberland County. 

England, and Some of His Descendants from 1637 to 1912 27 

V. Mention of the Families of Wormeley. Lunsford. Micou. Roy. Corbin. Eltonhead. 
Tayloe. Plater. Burford. Wilkinson. Addison. Tasker. Griffin. Cwynn. Thornton. 
Savage. Presley. Lindsay. Payne. Wellford. Randolph. Isham. and YaU» ... ^6 



VI. Sketch of Sir Thomas Lunsford . • 

VII. Sketch of the Honorable John Tayloe 

VIII. Old Octagon House and the Old Menokin Manor 

IX. Fredericksburg, Virginia 

X. Rose Gill ' 

Northumberland House. Mount Airy, and Port Micou 



XI. 
— XII. Port Tobago 



76 



YESTERDAY. TODAY AND FOREVER 

To those of the family who have gone 
before ; to those who still tarry, and to 
those who are to follow, this volume is most 
affectionately dedicated. 






10 




The Lom«» Co»t-oTArtn» 



11 



[ 




m XK LASSESCK" 
The Lomax Crest 

Description of Creit : Out of • mural crown. « demi-lion gules, lioldiof . 
prison or. Motto: "Ne Laasesce." Translation: "Never Loae Heart.** 



12 







F«c-«imile of Lun.ford coal of »rmi on m1 rin f of Sir Thorn** IWonl 
which ring U some three hundred year* old and i» now ia 

possession of General Lindtay Lun«ford 



If/Z 



13 



CHAPTER I 
Origin, Name, and Family 



The Virginia family is descended from the English family of Lomax. who obtained 
foothold in Lancashire (or Lancaster as it is now called) County. England, in the early pa 
of the fifteenth century. For several generations the family lived and prospered there. I 
family seat stood in the parish of Bolton. Township of Harwood. in Lancashire County, u 
the head of the family was known as Lomax of Harwood. 

Later a branch of the family took up its residence in Eye in Suffolk County; another bra* 
of the family lived in St. AlbanV in Hertford County. England, and they also grew and pro 
pered. They were known as Lomax of Harwood. Lomax of Clayton Hall. Lomax of Eye. at 
Lomax of Childwickbury. 

The name Lomax was foreign when it first came to England, and the tradition handed dov 
from generation to generation is that they were Huguenots and fled from France to England 
escape persecution. This tradition represented the French name to be "Le Meaux and t 
first English Lomax of whom there is a record in England bore the French christian name 
Laurent. He was Laurent Lomax of Bolton Parish in Lancashire County, born in 1427. 

The word Lomax is evidently a contraction of some other word or words, and its dem 
tion is differently stated. 

The French name "Lc Mcaux," it is said, originally signified the possession of running wa 
or springs; the word "Mcaux" being a contraction of the words "Mcs Caux." which means "t 
waters"; the prefix "Lc" signifies the particular possessor of water. The pronunciation of I 
French word "Le" is the same as though spelled "leh" also pronounced "lo" in some of the Fren 
provinces. 

In the early days, a man who had a natural spring or running water on or through 
land was considered fortunate, and it was the custom to name a man either by hi* personal pe 
liaritics or his possessions. 

Another statement is made by the Reverend J. H. Lomax. Vicar of St. Johns. Trian, 
Halifax. England. He has made a study of the subject, and thinks that the name is derived fr 
the two Latin words "Leo" and "Maximus." This claim was borne out by the opinion of L» 
scholars, to whom the matter was referred. 

There was another tradition of the French family of "Le Meaux"; that their progemt 
were members of the Lomazzo family and came from Lombardy. Italy, to France, and sett 
in the neighborhood of Paris, on the River Marne. and there is to-day an important town i by 
name of "Meaux" some twenty-eight miles east of Paris, on the River Marne. formerly the el 
town of Haut Brie. There are others, however, who claim that members of the Lomazzo fan 
of Lombardy. Italy, migrated direct to Lancashire. England. Still the spelling of the chnsl 
name of the first generations of the English family is purely French— Laurent, though afterwi 
anglicized into Lawrent. and later into Lawrence. So the fact of the use of this name Laui 
indicates French ancestry of the English family. 

The pronunciation of the name differs in different countries. Most of the English fax 



15 






, th. Virginia family pronounce the name 'WW' accent on the "lom«"; while many 
, r, pronounce it "lo-max." accent on the "ma*.** ProfeMOr 

Another English pronunciation of the name "lum-.l. aeem. to have led the late Profe-or 
,mi, of Yale College, to think that Galfridu. del Lumhalghes and other, of that name, ancient 
klholder. in the m.nor of Bury. Unca.hirc. England, were of the Umax family. 

Professor Loomis. in hi, genealogy of the Loomis family, regards the Loom,, and the Lomax 
.ilies .s originally the same, both coming from the Umazzo family of Umbardy. Italy. He 
, ed members of the Umazzo family from Lombardy into Spain and makes their name Uma. 
, pain and the same in England, and -Loomis" in the United States. He examined the directorie* 
Clown, of Manchester. Liverpool. London. Sheffield. Birmingham. Bristol, and Leed. ,n England 

I found that: ,, , ,, . -r-i 

The name "LomH" occurred 139 time.. The name Umax occurred 66 time.. The 
he "Loomes" occurred 3 times. The name "Lummis" occurred 3 time.. Hie name 
! x>ms" occurred 2 times. The name "Lowma." occurred 2 time.. 

The different spellings and pronunciations of the name may be summed up as follow.: Lomazzo 
!,maso) : Le Meaux (Leh Moh); Lumhalghe. (Lumals); Loma. (Umas); Lomax (Lome-mux); 
lomis (Loomis): Loome. (Loomme.). and Loom. (Loom.). 

Mr. Joseph Lomax *ay» : 

" I am inclined to throw all matter, relating to the Lomas name in Spain, and the 

Imhalghe. families in England, overboard, and fall back to the traditional stone, of the 

Lth Carol.n. branch of the family, and conclude that members of the Lomazzo family came 

m Lombardy to France: after which one of its descendants. Laurent Lomax. came from 

ance to Lancashire. England, and that he i. the ancestor of all English Umaxe.. 

•The name of Laurent Lomax. of Lancashire, born about AD. M27. and his descend- 
t. down to the present time, shows a continuous succession of the L-o-m-a-x orthography 
the name -466 year.. If tome member, of the family used the orthography Lomas; 
imez. Lummis. del Lumhalghcs. etc.. they are simply exceptional cases." 

Reference regarding the geneclogy of the English family is made in the manuscript volume 

. .Lined in the British Museum, entitled "Pedigrees and Arms of Suffolk Families. Harle.an 

Election of Manuscripts. No. 1449." On page 110 b of this manuscript ..found a record of 

laurent Lomax born in Lancaster, with names of his descendants, including children, grandehil- 

en. and great-grandchildren, and his coat of arms. 1 1 concludes with Lawrent and John Lomax. 

heat-grandchildren. , . 

The above record includes four generations of English-born Lomaxes surnamed Lawrent. 
The Reverend John Lomax of North Shields was a grandson of this Lawrent Lomax his father 
ring Laurence Lomax (son of Lawrent Lomax) who was bom about 1591 and was later bailiff 

I I Eye. in Suffolk. , i w • • / -i 

This Reverend John Umax of North Shields. England, is the progenitor of the Virginia amiiy 
If Umaxe. and is mentioned in an extract from C.lamys History of Ejected and Silenced 
Lusters. He was a M. A. of Emanuel College. Cambridge, and on leaving the University lived 
it Newcastle and afterwards became Rector of Wooler. After the restoration (of Charles II) 
Ether than comply with the requirements of the Bill of Uniformity, he chose to leave the place 
Ind removed with his family to North Shields (where he practiced physic and surgery and 
ept an apothecary shop) and lived, died and wa, buried there. His son. John Lomax. came 
o Jamestown. Virginia, and afterwards removed to Port Tobago in Essex (now Caroline) County, 
l/irginia. and from this latter John Lomax is descended the Virginia family of Umaxea. 

There are several authenticated Coats of Arm. of the Umax family of England and the 
following are some of them: ml- •• 

Lon.ax of Eye. Sulfolk. Cre.t: A >c.ni- B re> hound. Motto: "Mor. Chr.ste Vita Mihi. 
[Translation: -Death in Christ is Life to me." . . 

Umax of Harwood. Unca.ter. Crest: Out of a ducal coronet a demi-lion holding an e^al- 
''lop. Motto: "Semper Fideles." Translation: "Always Faithful." 

16 



Lomax of Clayton Hal). Lancaster. Crest: Out of a mural crown a demi-lion collared, as 
holding an escallop. Motto: "Fato Prudentia Major." Translation: "Wisdom is great 
than Fate." 

John Lomax of North Shields. Crest: Out of a mural crown, a demi-lion gulea. holding 
pheon, Motto: "Ne Lassesce." Translation: "Never Lose Heart." 

For more full and general information as to both the English and Virginia families of Lomaxi 
the following references are made: 

The British Museum MSS. volume entitled. "Pedigrees and Arms of Suffolk Familic 
Harleian Collection of Manuscripts No. 1 449." British Museum. Whittaker's "History of Whalley, 
Volume 2. page 175. Harl. Im. S. 1449. p. 110. b. Herald's visitation of Suffolk. Pedigree < 
Lomax of Eye. Burk's "Landed Gentry." Foster's "Lancashire Pedigrees." Berry's "Count 
Genealogies," Herts, p. 103. St. George's "Hanover Square Parish Register." St. Peter's "Cornhi 
London Parish Register." "Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica." Vol. I, page 4. Heywood 
Diary. Rochdale Parish Registers from 1582 to 1616. by Lt. Col. H. Fishwick. in 1888. Whittle 
"History of Bolton." page 397. Records of Bolton Parish. Lancashire. Township of Harwooi 
Calamy's "History of Ejected and Silenced Ministers." Barton's "Local Gleanings of Bcltoi 
England." "Genealogy of the Loomis family" by the late Professor Loomis of Yale Colleg 
"Genealogy of the Lomax family" by Joseph Lomax. Grand Rapids. Mich. 



17 



CHAPTER II 
Genealogy of the Virginia Family of Umax 



|,b Lomax of North Skidd*. 
rthumberland County. England. 
Ira 1637. Married Catharine Gray 
W.ber I. 1659. Died 1694 at 
frth Shield*. 

Ijc of John Lomax and Catharine 
[ iy . North Shield*. Northumber- 
ld County. EngUnd. 



Ralph bom Augu.t 29. 1660. died »ame year. 

Ralph born July 18. 1662. died *ame year. 

Susannah, born February 6. 1664. died November 23. 1722. 

Mehetabel born October 9. 1665. died June 17. 1683. 

John born January 7. 1667. died October 7. *ame year. 

Catharine born August 10. 1668. died same year. 

Robert born December 12. 1670. died same month. **me 

year. 

Edward born April 3. 1672. died December 25. following. 

Fr.nces born October 19. 1673. died the year following. 

- John born February 4. 1675. d.ed September 25. 1729 at 

Port Tobago on the Rappahannock River in Essex. 

now Caroline County. Virginia. 



•hn Lomax. Son of John Lomax 
id Catharine Cray. Born Feb- 
iary 4. 1675. at North Shield*, 
ngland; emigrated to Virginia, 
larried Elizabeth Wormeley. June 
1703. Died September 25. 1729. at 
ort Tobago on the Rappahannock 
.iver in Essex ( now Caroline ) 
bunty. Virginia. He was Justice 
F the Peace for Essex County in 
712. Caroline County was formed 
rom Essex in 1727. 

*sue of John Lom»x »nd Elizabeth 
Vormeley. Port Tobago. Essex 
now Caroline) County. Virginia. 



Lurwford bom November 5. 1705. died June 10. 1772. 
Katharine bom October 5. 1707. died without issue. 



16 



■ Susannah born September II. 1710. died without iasue. ^ 
John born January 21. 1712. died in infancy. 
France* born June 9. 1715. died without iaaue. 



Lunsford Lomax. Son of John Lomax 
and Elizabeth Wormeley. Born No- 
vember 5. 1705. Port Tobago, married 
(first) Mary Edward*. June 14. 1729. 
Married (second) Judith Micou. Jan- 
uary I, 1742. Died June 10. 1772. at 
Port Tobago. 

Issue of Lunsford Lomax and Mary 
Edwards Port Tobago. Essex (now 
Caroline) County, Virginia. 



Issue of Lunsford Lomax and Judith 
Micou. Port Tobago. Essex (now 
Caroline) County. Virginia. 



Thomas Lomax. Son of Lunsford 
Lomax and Judith Micou. Born 
January 25. 1746. at Port Tobago. 
Married Ann Corbin Tayloe. May 25. 
1773. Died October 17. 1811. at 
Port Tobago. 

Issue of Thomas Lomax and Ann 
Corbin Tayloe. Port Tobago. Essex 
(now Caroline) County. Virginia. 



Elizabeth born June 10. 1731. Married Reuben Skeltoo 
and afterwards John Wayles. and died without issue. 

Lunsford born October 3. 1733. Died February 10. 1771. 
at Port Micou in Essex without issue. 

John Edwards born March 21. 1735. Killed in battle m 
the French and Indian War. Died without iasue. 



Catharine born August 15. 1743. married Doctor James 

Roy. 
Ralph born October 1 4, 1 744. never married. 
Thomas born January 25. 1746. married Ann Corbio 

Tayloe. 
Mary bom September 20. 1 750. never married. 



Judith born September 25. 1774. died at Fredericksburg 

Va.. January 19. 1828. 
Rebecca Tayloe born May 13. 1776. died June 1. 1856 
Thom as Luns ford__born November 24. 1778. msrriet 

Martha Johnstone, daughter of Robert and Jam 

Johnstone at Fredericksburg. February 1, 1803. die* 

at Fredericksburg. May 29. 1805. 
John Tayloe born January 19. 1781. died October I 

1862. at Fredericksburg. 
Catharine born January II. 1782. died at Fredericksburj 

April 19. 1862. 
Ralph born July 26. 1783. at Fredericksburg, die 

July. 1614. at Port Tobago, without issue. 
Elizabeth Mary born November 27. 1785. mini* 

Taliaferro Hunter. May 19. 1807. 
Mann Page born February 15. 1787. died at Watertow 

Arsenal. Mass.. a major in the U. S. Ordnano 

March 27. 1842. 



19 






, m Tayloe Lorn ax. Son of Thomas 
max and Ann Corbin Tayloe. 
rn January 19. 1761. at Port 
bago. Married Charlotte Belson 
lornton. July 25. 1805. Died Octo- 
r I. 1662. at Fredericksburg. Va. 



Eleanor born March 20. 1786. died June 7. 1677. at 

Fredericksburg. Va. 
Edward Lloyd born August 31.1 789, died November 24. 

1618, without issue. 
Sarah Tayloe born January 27. 1794. died October 17. 

1812. 



iuc of John Tayloe Lomax and 
tarlotte Belson Thornton. 



Charlotte Elizabeth born at Port Tobago, January 16, 

1 806. died Danville. Va.. October 3. 1878. 
Anna Maria born at Fredericksburg, Va., March 31, 

1808, died April 5, 1853, at Lewis ton, in Rockingham 

County. Va. 
Catharine Rebecca born at Port Tobago, February 12. 

1810. died October I, 1844. at Fredericksburg. Va. 
Eleanor Tayloe born at Menokin. Richmond County. 

Virginia, December 17, 181 1, died at Fredericksburg. 

Va. August 16. 1651. 
John Tayloe born at Menokin, Februaiy 2, 1813, died at 

Demopolis. Ala.. July 16. 1863. 
Mary Page born at Menokin. April I, 1816, died at 

Fredericksburg, Va.. February 22, 1849. 
Thomas Lunsford born at Menokin, December 17, 1817, 

died March 19, 1819, at Fredericksburg. Va. 
Presley Thornton was born at Fredericksburg. Va., 

March 2. 1820. died August 26. 1893, Newton. Mas*. 
Cornelia born May 23, 1822. at Frtdericksburg. Va., 

married Dr. James Alexander Waddcll of Staunton. 

Va.. and died at Staunton, Va., January II, 1848. 
Sarah Ann born Fredericksburg. Va., January 18, 1828, 

and died at Fredericksburg, March 12, 1835. 



'resley Thornton Lomax. Son of 
lohn Tayloe Lomax and Charlotte 
Belson Thornton. Born March 2. 
820. Fredericksburg, Va. Married 
Vlildred Henderson Wellford. May 
28. 1844. Died August 26. 1893. at 
Newton. Mass. 



Issue of Presley Thornton Lomax and 
Mildred Henderson Wellford. 



Spotswood Wellford born at Fredericksburg. Va., Septem- 
ber 21. 1847. died at Vernon. Texaa. July 26. 1893. 

Edward Lloyd born at Fredericksburg, Va., February 25. 
1852. 

Sarah Wellford born at "Opies" in Richmond County, 
Va., October 27. 1855. died Newton. Mass.. October 
14. 1894. 



20 



Edward Lloyd Lomu. Son of 
Presley Thornton Lomax and Mildred 
Henderson Wellford. Born February 
25. 1852. Fredericksburg. Va. Mar- 
ried Georgiana Blackwel). Cleveland. 
Ohio.Junell.1879. 

Issue of Edward Lloyd Lomax and 

Ceorgiana Blackwell. Mildred Blackwell born at St. Louis. Mo.. April 13. I8i 

Edward Lloyd born at Omaha. Neb.. November 19. 10! 



21 



CHAPTER III 
Extracts from a Family Bible 

belonging to 

CHARLOTTE B. LOMAX 

Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1825. 



FAMILY RECORD 
John Lomax. born near Eye in Suffolk County, England, 1637. 

MARRIAGES 

September 1. 1659. John Lomax and Catharine Cray, who afterwards removed to North 
■nds. in Northumberland County. England. 

June I, 1703, John Lomax. ton of John and Catharine Lomax of North Shields, N'ort hum- 
Mind County. England, was married to Elizabeth Wormeley who was born at "Rose Gill," 
.1 llcx-x County. April 10. 1682. She was the daughter of the Honorable Ralph Wormeley and 
Cuarine Lunsford, who was a daughter of Sir Thomas Lunsford, mentioned in Clarendon'* 
■i >ry. who after the fall of Charles 1, whose cause he had espoused, came to Virginia. 

June 14, 1729, Lunsford Lomax. the only issue of John and Elizabeth Lomax that survived, j 
h.. was married at Mr. Ludwell's in Williamsburg. Va., by the Reverend James Blair to Mary 
Uards. daughter of William Edwards. 

January I, 1742. Lunsford Lomax married Judith Micou (his second wife), daughter of 
J i Micou, a Huguenot who fled from France to Virginia and resided at Port Micou in Essex 
U»ty. 

Elizabeth Lomax. daughter of Lunsford and Mary Lomax. married Reuben Skelton. Aiter- 
mls she married John Wayles. 

Catharine Lomax. daughter of Lunsford and Judith Lomax, married Doctor James Roy 
if tsex County. 

July II, 1747. John Tayloe, son of John and Elizabeth Tayloe. married Rebecca Plater, 
lehter of ^fccorgY Plater of Maryland., f (7 I i*+\;\{~l'- ' ' V h. .v.* >.■■>! 

November 1 9. 1 767. Elizabeth Tayloe, daughter of John and Rebecca Tayloe, married Edward 
Lid of Wye. Md. 

May 25. 1769. Rebecca Tayloe. daughter of John and Rebecca Tayloe, married Francis 
Li tfoot Lee of Menokin. 

November 19. 1772. Eleanor Tayloe. daughter of John and Rebecca Tayloe, married Ralph 
Wmeley of "Rose Gill" in Middlesex County. 

May 25. 1773. Thomas Lomax. son of Lunsford and Judith Lomax, was married at Mount 
hi in Richmond County by the Reverend Mr. Gibbern to Ann Corbin Tayloe, daughter of 
rtorable John Tayloe and Rebecca, his wife. 

April 18, 1776. Mary Tayloe. daughter of John and Rebecca Tayloe. married Mann Page 
■i tannsheld. Spotsylvania County. 

23 



February 5. 1 780. Catharine Tayloe. daughter of John and Rebecca Tayloe. married Landon 
Carter of Sabine Hall in Richmond County. 

May 26. 1791. Jane Tayloe. daughter of John and Rebecca Tayloe. married Robert Beverley 
of Blandfield. Essex County. 

October 24. 1792. John Tayloe. only son of John and Rebecca Tayloe. married Ann Ogle. 
daughter of Benjamin and Henrietta Ogle of Annapolis. 

May II. 1799. Sarah Tayloe. daughter of John and Rebecca Tayloe. married Williaaj 
Augustine Washington, of Haywood. Westmoreland County. 

February I, 1803. Thomas Lunsford Lomax. son of Thomas and Ann Corbin Lomax, 
was married to Martha Johnstone, daughter of Robert and Jane Johnstone, in the town of Fred- 
ericksburg. 

July 25. 1805. John Tayloe Lomax. son of Thomas and Ann Corbin Lomax. wu married 
by the Reverend Abner Waugh at Mannsfield in Spotsylvania County to Charlotte Belaon 
Thornton, daughter of Presley Thornton, formerly of Northumberland House. Northumberland 
County, and Elizabeth Thornton, his wife. 

May 19. 1807. Elizabeth Mary Lomax. daughter of Thomas and Ann Corbin Lomax. married 
to Taliaferro Hunter at Port Tobago in Caroline County. 

May II, 1820, Mann Page Lomax. son of Thomas and Ann Corbin Lomax. marriefl 
Elizabeth Virginia Lindsay, daughter of Captain Wjlliam Lindsay of "Lindsays Mills." Port 
Royal, and Mattie Fox of Norfolk. Virginia. 

BIRTHS AND DEATHS 
Children of John Lomax and Elizabeth Wormeley: 

Lunsford. who was born November 5th. 1705. at twelve o'clock of the day at Port Tobagc 
in Essex County. Virginia. He was baptised on the 12th of the same month by Mr. Owen Jones 
a Minister of the Gospel in St. Mary's Parish in the same county. Died. June 10th. 1772. 

Katharine, who was born October 5th. 1707. about 9 o'clock of the morning at Port Toba|0 
in Essex County and was baptised on the 20th of the same month by Mr. Owen Jones. Died 
unmarried. 
— Susannah, who was born September 1 1 th. 1710. about 10 o'clock of the night at Port Tobage 

in Essex County and was baptised on the 23d of the same month by Mr. Owen Jones. Died un- 
married. 

John, who was born January 21. 1712. about II o'clock of the night at Port Tobago and wai 
baptised on the 18th of the February following by Mr. Owen Jones. Died in infancy. 

Frances, who was born June 9. 171 5. at four o'clock of the morning at Port Tobago and wai 
baptised on the 22d of the same month by Mr. Owen Jones. Died unmarried. 

Children of Lunsford Lomax and Mary Edwards: 

Elizabeth, who was born June 10. 1731. married Reuben Skelton. and afterwards Johi 
Wayles. died about 1770. without issue. 

Lunsford. who was born October 3. 1 733. died February 10. 1771. at Port Micou. unmarried 

John Edwards, who was born March 21. 1736. was killed in battle in the French and lndia« 

War— Braddock's Defeat. July 9. 1 755. was one of twenty-one officers killed; it was his first battle 

Children of Lunsford Lomax and Judith Micou (who was the second wife of Lunsfort 

Lomax. and daughter of Paul Micou of Essex County. Virginia, and who died May 9. 1790. at Porl 

Tobago) : 

Catharine, who was born August 15. 1743. was married to Doctor James Roy. di« 

November 14. 1774. 

Ralph, who was born October 14. 1744. died at Port Tobago. October 21. 1770. unmarried 
Thomas, who was born January 25, 1746. married Ann Corbin Tayloe. died « 

October 17. 1811, at Port Tobago and was buried at the same place. 

Mary, who was born September 20. 1750. died at Port Royal. Va.. May 16. 1825. 



23 






hildran of Thomas Lomax and Ann Corbin T«/o«, who wm born June 7. 1753. died at Fred- 
•icksburg. Va.. January 27. 1835. and was buried at Port Tobago. 

Judith, who was born September 25. 1774. died at Fredericksburg. Va.. January 19. 1828. 
nd km buried in St. George't churchyard at that plac*. 

Rebecca Tayloe. who wa» born May 13. 1776. died June I, 1856. 

Thomas Lunsford. who was born November 24. 1778. died at Fredericksburg. May 29. 1805. 
nd was buried at Mannsfield. He left an only son. Thomas Lunsford. who married Margaret 
tuart. daughter of Richard Stuart of King George County^ v -.C >-| ' ^-^ 

John Tayloe. who was born January 19. 1781. and married Charlotte Belson Thornton, died 
■ctober I, 1862. at Fredericksburg. 

Catharine, who was born January II, 1782. and died in Fredericksburg. Va.. April 19. 1862. 

Ralph, who was born July 26. 1783. and died July. 1814. at Port Tobago, unmarried. 

Elizabeth Mary, born at Port Tobago. November 27. 1785. and married Taliaferro Hunter 
•4ay 19. 1807. 

Mann Page, who was born February '5. 1787. married Elizabeth Virginia Lindsay, djed 
larch 27. 1842. at Watertown. Mas*. 

Eleanor, who was born March 20. 1788. died June 7. 1877. unmarried. 

Edward Lloyd, who was born August 31. I7S9. died on November 24. 1818. unmarried. 

Sarah Tayloe. who was bom January 27. 1794. died October 17. 1812. 
".hildrcn of John Tayloe Lomax and Charlotte Belson Thornton: 

Charlotte Elizabeth, born at Port Tobago. July 18. 1806. and died at Danville. Virginia, 
ktober 3. 1878. 

Anna Maria, born at Fredericksburg. March 31. 1808. and died the 5th of April. 1853. at 
xwiston in Rockingham County. Virginia. 

Catharine Rebecca, born at Port Tobago. February 12. 1810. and died October I, 1844. 

Eleanor Tayloe. born at Menokin in Richmond County. December 17, 1811, and died at 
"redericksburg. August 16. 1851. 

John Tayloe. born at Menokin. February 2. 1813. and died at Demopolis. Alabama. July 16. 

863. 

Mary Page, born April I. 1816. at Menokin. and died at Fredericksburg. February 22. 1849. 

Thomas Lunsford. born at Menokin. December 17. 1817. and died the 19th of March at 
-redericksburg, 1819. 

Presley Thornton, born at Fredericksburg the 2nd of March. 1820. and died August 26. 1893. 
ll Newton. Mass . at the home of James E. Clark who married his daughter Sarah Wellford Lomax. 

Cornelia, born on the 23rd of May. 1822. at Fredericksburg, intermarried with Doctor James 
Alexander Waddcll of Staunton. Virginia, and died at Staunton the I Ith of January'. 1848. 

Sarah Ann. born at Fredericksburg the 16th of January, 1828, and died at Fredericksburg 

he 12th of March. 1835. 

MARRIAGES 

Marriages of the children of John Tayloe Lomax and Charlotte Belson Thornton. 
John Tayloe Lomax married in Demopolis. Marengo County, Alabama, to Elmira 
Strudwick, daughter of Samuel Strudwick and Sophia Strudwick on December 27. 1838. 

Eleanor Tayloe Lomax married. 1842. Charles H. Lewis* of Augusta County. Virginia. 
Anna Maria Lomax married General Samuel H. Lewis* of Rockingham County, Virginia. 

•General Samuel H. I ewis was • de*ceml..nt of John t c-win. the pioneer settler of Augusta County. Virginia. 

'-ie several lime* represented the County of Rockingham in the Legislature of Virginia, and was long the presiding 

ustice of the County Court of thai County. He served as a young soldier in ihe war of 1812. and aflerwarda. 

ipon the reorganization of ihe militia of the Stale, on appointed Brigadier Ceneral. His grandfather. Thomas 

i utwi». frequently represented Augusta County in the Houve of Burgesses, and was a member (for the subsequently 

I rested county of Rockingham' of the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1788 thai ratified ll.e Constitution of 

Ike L'niled Slates, he being an ardent advocate of ratification. Thomas Lewis was the eldest son of John Lewis. 

ind therefore the eldest brother of Ceneral Andrew Lewis, ihe hero of Point Pleasant, whose statue, among others. 

■ on the V& athington Monument at Richmond. 

General Samuel H Lewis and Anna Maria Lomax *>eie mairied Sept. I4lh. 1842. They had four children, 
■iamely: 

1st — Charlotte Thornton, bom April 13th. 1844. 
2nd — Lunsford Lomax. bom March I7ih. 1846. 

24 



Pre.ley Thornton Lomax married Mildred Henderson Wellford. daughter of John SpoU- 
wood Wellford and Janet Henderson, of Fredericksburg. Va.. May 28. 1844. (Mildred Henderson 

Wellford was born September 29. 1822.) -,«-_«■ v/ 

Cornelia Lomax married Doctor James Alexander Waddcll of Staunton. V.. 

BIRTHS 
Children of Presley Thornton Lomax and Mildred Henderson Wellford: 

Spotswood Wellford Lomax born at Fredericksburg. Va.. September II. 1847. 

Edward Lloyd Lomax born at Fredericksburg. Va.. February 25 1852. — ,-J 

Sarah Wellford Lomax bom at "Opies" in Richmond County. Virgima. October Z7. 15». 






DEATHS 

Mildred Henderson Lomax died February 17. 1889. at Keokuk. Iowa, to which place the 

removed with her husband and children from "Opies- in Richmond County, in December. 856. 

Presley Thornton Lomax born at Fredericksburg. Va.. March 2. 1820. died August 26. 1893. 

at Newton. Mass. 

MARRIAGES 

Spotswood Wellford Lomax to Fannie E. Coons, daughter of A. J. Coons. M. D.. of St. 
Louis. June 23. 1869. 

Edward Lloyd Lomax to Ceorgiana Blackwell. daughter of George Brosius Blackwell. of Han- 
cock Md.. at Cleveland. Ohio. June 1 1 . 1879. by the Rev. John W. Brown, rector of Trinity Church. 

Sarah Wellford Lomax married to James E. Clark, of Boston. Mass . at Keokuk. la.. Febru- 
ary 2. 1892. by the Rev. John W. Worrall. 

BIRTHS 
Children of Spotswood Wellford Lomax and Fannie E. Coona: 

Grace Lomax born June 8. 1870. St. Louis. Mo. 

Thornton Grant Lomax born February 3. 1872. St. Louis. Mo. 

Nannie Britton Lomax born August 24. 1873. St. Louis. Mo. 

Page Lomax born June 17. 1875. St. Louis. Mo. 

Ralph Lomax born July 30. 1877. St. Louis. Mo., died at Fort Worth Tex July 5 187* 

George Lomax born December I. 1880. Fort Worth. Tex., died at Fort Worth. T«.. Dece» 

her 24. 1880. • 

Georgia Lomax born March 21. 1881. Fort Worth. Tex. 

Children of Edward Lloyd Lomax and Ceorgiana Blackwell: 

Mildred Blackwell Lomax born St. Louis. Mo.. April 13. 1881. 
Edward Lloyd Lomax born November 19. 1891. Omaha. Neb. 

Children of Sarah Wellford Lomax and James E. Clark: 

Lucy Mildred Clark born November 18. 1892. at Newton. Mas*. 
James Lomax Clark born October 6. 1894. at Newton. Maaa. 

3d-Corneha Juliet, bom August I3lh. 1847. 

4,k _ Anna Maria, born December 7th. 1852. _, , , ... q_, I( 

Charlotte Thornton Lewi, married. September 5th. 1866. Beverly B. Bot... son of He*. John M.no. ^ BolU 
Lun ord Lomax Lews mamed. Sept. mber 4,h. 1867. Rosalie Somer.. «** u « h ' ^"r^m F l£~T « 
He v... married the ^cond l.me. December 19th. 1883. to J.n.e C. daughter of Col. Robert F. Looney. 

Memphis. Tennes.se*. 

Cornelia Juliet Lewis died unmarried. 

Anna Maria Lewis married January l.t. 1884. C. Maurice Smith. » ._.. H 

Cha'les II. Lc«.s who .named Deal*. Tayloe Umai in 1842 w.. • .on of G««er.l S.mu.1 H 

his firrl wife. They had two children— John T.yloe «nd Rebecc. 
Rebecca married, in 1866, John Anderson. 

26 



DEATHS 

Spotswood Wellford Lomax. Vernon. Tex., July 26. 1693. 

Fannie E. Lomax. San Angelo. Tex., October 4, 1699. 

Ralph Lomax died Fort Worth. July 5. 1676. 

George Lomax died Fort Worth. Tex., December 24, 1680. 

Sarah Wellford (Umax) Clark died Newton. Mass.. October 14. 1894. 

BIRTHS 

i.Udren of William Blackwell and Sara Brosius: 

Elizabeth Blackwell who married Henry Shipley Stevens of Cleveland. Ohio. 
Susan Blackwell who married Caius Cassius Cobb of Cleveland, Ohio. 
George Brosius Blackwell who married Katherine King. 

• ildren of George Brosius Blackwell and Katherine King of Hancock, Md., married 

in 1852. 

Elizabeth Blackwell born at Hancock. Md.. September 12. 1657. 

Georgians Blackwell born September 24, 1859. at Hancock, Md., married Edward Lloyd 
max. Cleveland. Ohio. June II. 1679. 






CHAPTER IV 

Sketches of the Reverend John Lomax of North Shields. 
Northumberland County, England, and Some of His Descendants 

from 1637 to 1912 



See First Edition of M Ejected or Silenced Minister.." by Edmund Calamy. D. D. Vol. 2. 

P ' ge Reverend John Lomax. M. A.. Emmanuel College. Cambridge, leaving the University lived 
with his mother at Newcastle, and was invited to and afterwards became the Rector of Wooler. 
where he was highly esteemed. 

Lord Gray, to whom the town chiefly belonged, had great respect for him and often invited 
him to his house at Chillingham. He continued here till the Restoration (of Charles 1 1) and then 
rather than act without the full approbation of his own conscience, he chose to leave the place, and 
removed with his family to North Shields, where he practiced physic and surgery and kept an 
apothecary shop-there being then no other in the place. He there preached to a congregation I 
from whom he had but four pounds per annum, and could scarcely have supported his lamily. | 
had not his mother, a woman distinguished for piety and discretion, given him assistance fromt 
jointure which she had by Mr. Bonnar. an eminent merchant who died mayor of Newcastle: « 
man of so much work, and of so public a spirit that he deserves to be remembered with honor. 

Mr Lomax suffered much from his non-conformity in the reign of Charles II. and. thougfc ( 
never imprisoned, he wu often forced to leave his home and was not a little exposed in trnve.in| 
about the country in all weathers; but God still supported him. and his mother mamta.ned h.m 
she spent her time in a most devout manner, and much of it in reading; when her son came to te. 
her on •'Charles- Indulgence." she told him that was the last time she should read, that she venlj 
believed that she was kept alive for the support of hirn and his family, that now God had restore: 
l.borly she should be removed, as no valuable purpose could be answered by having her lite pro 
longed. She accordingly died the next day. and he did not long survive her. He was a man o 
very comely aspect and a pleasant humor, yet grave without affectation. His convers.t.on was • 
agreeable and obliging that he was valued by all that knew h.rn. He wa, of a very even tempe 
and was never seen ruffled or heard to rail at any person or party. 

He was just to every man's character, and when he could not commend, was silent; he wi 
a judicious and solid preacher and though he was used to note., not so common in this country • 
other parts-that d,d not at all hinder his acceptance. He wa. so reserved a. to hi. opinion 
about church government that very few besides his most intimate friends were acquainted w,t 
him He broke communion w.th no good people whose terms were not unscnptural. " e *" 
man of substantial and polite bearing which B.shop Cousins, a prelate of great integrity. thoughv« 
high in his notions of ecclesiastical polity, did him the justice to acknowledge. V- hen UocU 
Cartwright then prebendary of Durham, afterwards made a bishop by King James, took occaaio 
in the presence of Bishop Cousins to reflect upon Mr. Lomax. among other dissenting minuter 
the bishop said to him. "Doctor, hold your tongue; to my certain knowledge John Lomax »• 



27 



learned man." Indeed that learned prelate seemed more aoliciloua to get him to conform than 
any preacher in the country, and though he did not succeed he often spoke of him in terma of respect. 
After the restoration of Charles II to his throne in A. D. 1662. Parliament enacted a bill 
at uniformity of which it was required that every clergyman 

1. "Should be re-ordaincd if he had not before received Episcopal ordination." 

2. "Should declare his assent to everything contained in the book of Common Prayer." 

3. "Should take the oath of canonical obedience." 

4. "Should abjure the solemn League and Covenant;" and 

5. "Should renounce the principle of taking arms on any pretense whatever against the 
King." 

For not conforming to this bill Reverend John Lomax. Rector of Wooler, was ejected 
from his living. Hume says over 2.000 Presbyterian clergymen left their cares in one day 
rather tr an conforn to the requirements of the Act of Parliament. 



The Lomax Family of Port Tobago, Essex, Now Caroline 
County, Virginia 



John, son of Reverend John Lomax of North Shields. England, and Catharine Gray came 
:o Jamestown. Va.. about 1700; was well educated, though without a college training; was an 
apothecary and had but little money; obtained a good footing in Jamestown, where he met the 
X'ormeleys. and soon afterward married Elizabeth Wormeley. who inherited Portobago or Port 
Tobago (as it was variously spelled) from her mother. Katharine Lunsford Wormeley. the 
.»ife of Honorable Ralph Wormeley. Jr. Port Tobago was a tobacco plantation on the 
Rappahannock River. There is no record of the Reverend John Lomax of North Shields. 
England, being in Virginia; in fact, the only ones of the North Shields. England, family of Lomaxes 
,»ho came to Virginia were, first. John (who married Elizabeth Wormeley) and afterwards his 
r ister. Susannah Lomax. who lived with him at Port Tobago, and died and was buried there. 
Kfter John Lomax's marriage with Elizabeth Wormeley. he removed from Jamestown to Port 
J obago and later built himself a mansion there which stood for many years. 

Lunsford. son of John Lomax and Elizabeth Wormeley. inherited the Port Tobago 
Mentation and lived there all his life, and was one of the large tobacco planters of the state. Mar- 
,ied. first. Mary Edwards, daughter of William Edwards of Williamsburg. Va. (but more often 
mown as William Edwards of Surrey). Lunsford Lomax was a well-to-do planter, and. like hia 
ather. confined his efforts to the plantation, caring nothing for political preferment, which he could 
eadily have had. 

Thomas, son of Lunsford Lomax and Judith Micou, inherited the Port Tobago plantation 
md country seat, and confined himself to the usual pursuits of the tobacco planter, 
.rschew ing politics and affairs of state. He married Ann Corbin Tayloe. daughter of the Honorable 
ohn Tayloe of Mount Airy in Richmond County. Va Thomas Lomax, during the latter part 
a his life, through unfortunate ventures, lost the Port Tobago plantation and country seat, and 
his hastened his death, which occurred soon after the sale of the last portions of the estate. Two 
»f his sons. John Tayloe and Mann Page, became distinguished men. 

John Tayloe. son of Thomas Lomax and Ann Corbin Tayloe. first lived at Port Tobago, 
hen Menokin. and finally at Fredericksburg. He married Charlotte Belson Thornton 
md they had two sons. John Tayloe. the elder, who moved to Alabama. Marengo County, 
md married Elmira Strudwick. daughter of Samuel Strudwick and Sophia Strudwick. and 
, resley Thornton, the younger who married Mildred Henderson Wcllford. daughter of John ' 
>potswood Wellford and Janet Henderson of Fredericksburg, and afterwards moved with his 
amity to Keokuk, la. 

28 



Judge John Tayloe Lomax 



Son of Thomas »nd Ann Corbin Lomax wa« named after hit uncle. John Tayloe. wit 

whom he ever maintained the closest and tendcrest relations. Nor was his uncle lacking in a 

almost parental regard for him. superintending his education, and advancing him materially alfc 

he came to man's estate. He enjoyed the best advantages Virginia at that time ponied ■ 

the way of academical instruction, and. when thus prepared, resorted to St. John s College. , 

Annapolis. Md. He applied himself diligently to the course of studies pre*cr»bed in that « 

cellent institution, and was graduated therefrom about the commencement of this centur. 

During his collegiate life and sojourn at Annapolis he enjoyed the social advantages which th 

city notably possessed in its refined society and the distinguished men who resorted to tl 

Maryland capital. In the widow of Governor Lloyd, a sister of his mother, he found an affe 

tionate relative, and one deeply interested in his welfare; and he was often admitted to V 

fireside of the Lloyd mansion, celebrated in its day for its genial and elegant hospitality, and w 

thus enabled to form acquaintances, which in many instances ripened into lasting f''endsn.i 

with men who subsequently became conspicuous for talent. Among these were Philip Bart 

Key. Francis Scott Key. Roger B. Taney, and his cousin, the second Governor Lloyd, and oth< 

of no less note. . , 

After completing his collegiate course, he entered upon the study of the law at AnnapoJ 

and after qualifying himself for that profession, he returned to Virginia, was there admitted 

the bar. and commenced practice in the town of Fredericksburg and the counties adjacent. ! 

displayed qualities of mind and habits of industry, and thoroughness of preparation of his ca. 

which at once gave him a standing in the courts, and introduced him to the favorable notice 

the judges before whom he practiced. His classical education and critical study of English lite, 

ture and the speeches of Chatham. Fox and Burke, inclined him to a rhetorical style and the cut 

vation of the graces of oratory: but he was early diverted from this path of distinction in hi. p 

fession by cases of a civil nature, in wh.ch he was retained by his uncle. John Tayloe and. throo 

his influence by other clients, involving intricate questions of the law of realty, in the setUerm 

of large estates and the administration of trusts, which threw his practice mostly into the cou 

of chancerv which sat in the cities of Williamsburg and Richmond. Here, among eminent men* 

of the bar with whom he came in contact, was William Wirt. Between them was formed an u 

macy and friendship, based upon mutual respect and appreciation of one another ■ talMlj • 

virtues which lasted throu C hout their lives, involving a correspondence which contributed m 

letters from Mr. Wirt, written in the case and familiarity of their intercourse, and character. 

by his usual grace, and brilliancy and fervor of imagination. 

On July 25. 1803. he married Charlotte Bclson Thornton, a granddaughter of the Honor. 
Presley Thornton of Northumberland House, in the county of that name, who was a member of 
King's Council at his death, in 1769. Her father was Presley Thornton, who had had a mint 
record, and was appointed a captain in what was called John Adam's Army, in 1796. lor re] 
ling the apprehended French invasion, of which army General Washington was the comma* 
in-chief. There is. in Sparks' "Life of Washington." a letter written by the latter to General t 
Pinckney. which reflects great honor on Captain Presley Thornton. 

About the year 1810. to facilitate his practice in the chancery court.. Mr. Lomax remc 
from Fredericksburg to Richmond County. Here, in the War of 1812. he was commissioned 
officer in a regiment raised in the lower counties of the Northern Neck, for the purpose of guar* 
»nd protecting that territory, exposed, as it was. to attack by the enemy from the two great* 
gable rivers by which, with the Chesapeake Bay. it is bounded. 

About the year 1817. at the earnest solicitation of hi. friend. Robert Stanard who wa» 
removing to Richmond, he returned to Fredericksburg, and resumed his practice : there Her 
remained, engaged in the active duties of his profession, until the autumn of I826_ ,n Apr 
that vear. Mr. Wirt, having been notified of his appointment as Professor of the School o* 
in the University of Virginia, declined the appointment by reason of his duties as Attorney -Ue» 



2'J 






m wm i i»juww ii]/j ^ g^ww" wy^pp^^ 







■■ i. iv inn mi ii i ■■ lli.ii 



JUDGE JOHN TAYLOE LOMAX 



an 



of the United States, and the more profitable labors of his profession; but, in doing so, took 
sion to bring to the notice of Mr. Jefferson and the visitors of the University his friend Mr. Ixwnat, 
as one possessing, in his estimation, to an eminent degree, the qualities and learning befitting the 
position. This led to a correspondence between Mr. Jefferson and Mr. Lomax; to a visit of the 
latter to Monticcllo shortly before the death of the great statesman, and to the appointment of 
Mr. Lomax to the chair of law in the University, to which place he removed with his family at 
the commencement of the session of 1826-27, and entered upon his professional duties. 

From the outset of his professional career Mr. Lomax was a constant and ardent student 
of the law, exploring its foundations, searching for the reason and philosophy of its principles, and 
not content until he had discovered them. The Common Law of England, its history and growth; 
the statutes ameliorating, enlarging and defining its principles; the rise and progress and control- 
ling power and remedial action of the court of chancery, had all been subjects of his research and 
critical examination. He lived to see these principles unfold and apply themselves to the vaat 
changes and improvements wrought by science and mechanical invention in the first six decades 
of the present century. 

Although his law learning brought him in contact with much that was "dry, dark, cold 
and revolting," yet, in his ardor as a legal architect, he surveyed the law as an old feudal castle 
in perfect preservation. Its donjons and keeps and dim chambers he delighted to explore, that 
he might learn all the uses to which its various parts used to be put. the better to understand and 
relish the changes and progressive improvements in the structure made by the science in modern 
times. It was these acquisitions of learning which enabled him as a lecturer to throw light upon 
recondite doctrines, "to give a rational cast to the most subtle dogmas of the common law," and. 
amid dry details, by way of excursion, to delight his hearers by a graphic picture of medieval time*. 
in whose harsh and rigid customs a law took its rise to expand and soften under the gentler influ- 
ence of a later and higher civilization. He was therefore deservedly popular as a lecturer during 
his professorship, and his kind intercourse with, and fatherly interest in the students of his classes, 
never failed to attach them to him. Among such who afterward attained high places in our nations! 
councils were R. M. T. Hunter. A. H. H. Stuart and Robert Toombs. 

In 1830, Mr. Lomax resigned the chair of law in the university to accept the position of S 
Judge of the Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery, and was assigned to the Third District 
and Fifth Circuit, composed of the counties of Spotsylvania, Caroline, King George. Westmoreland, 
Richmond, Lancaster and Northumberland. 

This also constituted him a Judge of the General Court, with appellate jurisdiction in 
certain cases. This judicial appointment compelled his return to Fredericksburg, which con- 
tinued to be his residence for the remainder of his life. The circuit allotted to him was s territory 
familiar since the days of his boyhood. Every county contained either some relative or early 
friend, in whose mansions he was a welcome guest, and whose hospitality and kindly intercourse 
he enjoyed, in the intervals between the terms of court in each county, with increasing zest as 
the years rolled by. 

In 1848 a special Court of Appeals was formed, composed of five judges of the General 
Court, the oldest in commission among whom was Judge Lomax, to relieve the Supreme Court Ot 
the appellate business which had accumulated on its docket, and to try and determine such of the 
cases as might be assigned. 

In addition to his judicial labors, he also undertook, during the winter months for many 
years, the conduct of a law school at Fredericksburg, to which many young men repaired from the 
southern part of the State. Among such, now remembered, were Hon. Wm. S. Barton, the present 
judge of the circuit over which Judge Lomax so long presided; the late Henry A. Washington. 
Professor of Law in the College of William and Mary. Howard Schacklcford and Robert Montague. 
Indeed, it may be said in this connection, that to Judge Lomax and the second Judge Tucker, more 
than to any other two men. may be awarded the credit of moulding and educating the young men 
of their day for the bar of Virginia. 

Though deeply interested in the political movements of his time, and with very decided 
opinions as to governmental policies both State and Federal, he never aspired to political offices. 



31 






With the exception of being an elector on the Crawford ticket in the Presidential contest of 1824, 
he never held a political office. The honors he reaped were confined to his own profession, and 
here his devotion and learning were amply rewarded in the degree of LL. D., conferred upon him. 
in 1844. by his Alma Mater. His digest of the laws of real property, in three volumes, published 
in 1839, brought him to the attention of Professor Greenlesf, of Harvard Law School, whom he 
also met in the summer of 1842. on a visit to a relative nesr Boston. The learning of both having 
been applied to explicating the abstruse laws of realty, made them congenial companions for the 
time, and no doubt instigated the conferring of the same degree upon Judge Lomax by the Univer- 
sity of Harvard in 1847. It is also gratifying to record that the convention which framed and 
amended the constitution for Virginia in 1851. on a petition from members of the bar practicing 
in his circuit, struck out the proposed limitation of age in the tenure of judicial office, by which 
Judge Lomax would have been excluded; and that, when by that constitution the office was made 
elective, he was, without opposition, chosen by the people to remain in the discharge of his judicial 
functions. These he continued to exercise till his resignation, in February, 1857, when the condi- 
tion of his aged wife, now a confirmed invalid, appealed strongly to him for his society and min- 
istrations at home. Upon an earnest request from the members of the bar to withdraw that resig- 
nation, he replied: "With whatever complacency my own consciousness or the opinion of others 
which you mention may contemplate a capacity for the service of the bench, as yet being unim- 
paired by the hand of time, there are most mighty considerations that make it proper that I should 
now retire from the duties I have been employed in discharging for more than a quarter of a century, 
during all which period, with the exception of one court last month. I have never lost, that I can 
recollect, a single day or a term of any court which was by law appointed for me to attend in the 
circuits. There are domestic sympathies and anxieties engendered in a union enjoyed (beyond 
the lot of most families) for more than half a century, that plead with resistless importunity, and 
claim home, with its peace and comforts and consolations. This employment of the brief remnant 
of declining age claims a sacred preference over the employment in public service during the 
few years that now remain of the official period for which I was elected." 

As a judge he displayed that analytical power of mind which resolved the most complex 
case into its simple and essential facts, to which, with an intuitive sense of justice, he applied the 
law with careful and painstaking diligence. His calm and equable nature saved him from that 
impulsiveness which leads some to decide before they hear. or. having heard, to become the advo- 
cate of one side rather than the judge of both. He ever held the scales of justice truly poised, 
and, in case of doubt, inclined to mercy's side. 

The cogency of his reasons, as given in his opinions, generally convinced the unsuccessful 
party: and his judgments, when appealed from, were most frequently affirmed by the court above. 
During his judicial career, withdrawn from the busy mart and the world's traffic, living above the 
turmoil and strife of the political arena, seeking rest from his labors in the love and peace of home, 
or amid the amenities of social life, he came forth from this retirement freed from all interest, prej- 
udice and passion, to deal justly and judge righteously between his fellow-men. The pure ermine 
with which he had been invested, and which he wore throughout so many years, was laid aside 
without spot or blemish. 

Besides the work on real property, before mentioned, he was also the author of an exhaustive 
work on the law of executors and administrators, new editions of both of which were published in 
1855 and 1857. These valuable editions did not escape the fate of relentless war. In the evacu- 
ation of Richmond by the Confederates in 1665. and the terrible conflagration which ensued, the 
house of the publisher was consumed, and with it the printed materials and the stereotype plates 
of the works. Even the title to them, deposited in the clerk's office of the Federal Court, was 
destroyed with the court retords; and, the publisher having failed to deposit copies in the Con- 
gressional Library at Washington, the loss became irremediable. 

But alas! the peace and comforts and consolations so much desired in the retirement of his 
home were doomed to be of short duration. The fair prospect was soon overshadowed by lower- 
ing clouds of political strife which absorbed his attention and thrilled him with anxiety for that 
home, and no less for the future of the commonwealth so dear to him, and which he had so faith- 



fully served. Throughout the winter of 1860-61 he looked eagerly to Washington, and wat ■ 
with intense solicitude the patriotic efforts of Mr. Crittenden and his coadjutors to adjust • . . 
promise between the warring factions, and thus make peace and preserve the Union. It was a f 
this time, with melancholy forebodings, he writes to a friend: "My feelings all gravitate foi 
most part to 'the irrepressible conflict' which is beginning and is likely soon to be waged in a i 
and with disasters that none can adequately foresee or estimate. Whether we contemplate : 
miseries which are arising within the Union of these States, or out of the Union of these States, ■ 
are most appalling to the mind of an octogenarian whose days began before the glorious achiever • 
of Yorktown. the signing of the treaty of peace which established our independence, and w 
have been passed since in the brightness of the unparalleled prosperity that has followed. [ 
is the agony of distress which weighs down the soul of such an one in his old age, in the approac! [ 
destruction which may entomb his country before he sinks himself into the grave. That a si i 
lifetime should survive the duration of the liberties and peace and prosperity of such a cou r 
as ours is a heart-rending bitterness of sorrow." In the lapse of a few months these forebodi 
were realized. Virginia threw in her lot with her sisters of the South, made bare her bo 
for the assembling of armed hosts, and suffered heroically the devastations of cruel war. 

Judge Lomax had examined loo studiously the history and records of the convention w I 
framed the Federal Constitution, and had received too deep and lasting an impression from 
lips of Mr. Madison himself as to the true construction to be given to the Virginia resolutior 
1799, to conceive the right of nullification and secession to be sovereign rights or remedies ui " 
the Constitution. He, like many Virginians, of that class of thinkers, when the dread alte - 
tives were presented to his native State to arm herself and take the field, and by force of war co ■ 
her sister States back into the Union, or join them in revolution, decided upon the latter as a nat . 
and inalienable right under the emergencies which had arisen. In this view, and with a coi 
entious sense of rectitude, he voted for the Virginia ordinance. When the day arrived to ll 
the sense of the people of his town, it found his strength impaired by recent indisposition; ye 
feebly walked to the courthouse, and. in giving his vote, addressed his fellow-townsmen t > 
assembled. With a voice trembling with emotion, he spoke of his devotion to his native St 
which had honored him so greatly and so long as one of her servants; and now, worn out in '. 
service, on the brink of the grave, with nerveless arm. but with an undying affection, he could < 
give the remnant of his days to earnest prayer for her and her people, that He who "doeth ace 
ing to His w ill in the army of Heaven and among the inhabitants of the earth" would cause ' 
people to lay again more deeply and firmly the foundations of popular liberty, public justice 
national prosperity. The address was described as most beautiful and pathetic, touching ei 
heart, and not an eye in that large assemblage, beholding the "old man eloquent." that was 
suffused with tears. 

His eyes were to close upon all things earthly, and he was to be taken from the din of a 
and the horrors of war to a peaceful and eternal home, before that evil day came when the str 
of his town and the neighboring heights were to witness the deadly strife and the slaughter 
repulse of Burnside's great army, and his home was to feel the storm of iron hail and the 
struction of the roof which had sheltered him and his family for so many happy years. After a r. 
illness, against which his extreme age and waning strength could not contend, he died on 
ber I, 1662, in his eighty-first year. 

He was a man of full stature, well proportioned, dignified in his bearing, and of impa 
presence; but of manners so simple, cordial, and affable, and with a face so benign in its exp 
sion as to attract and conciliate all who met him. 

Though he had always shown a veneration for sacred things, and a becoming respect 
religion, it was not till he reached middle life that he professed his faith, and became a men: 
of the Episcopalian church, the church of his forefathers. Henceforth he exhibited in his lif 
simple, child-like trust in the divine revelation, and a humility and meekness of spirit bon 
that charily which "suffereth long and is kind, envieth not. vaunteth not itself." Sectarian 
found no place in his broad and expanded view of the Holy Catholic Church, embracing in 
fold all who loved his Lord in sincerity and in truth. Indeed, he seemed to emulate the exan 



33 






.J?T1* 









*§* 






•i 













PRESLEY THORNTON LOMAX 



JS&3& 







SPOTSWOOD WELLFORD LOMAX 



;: .*«. -.- • ■• .. 







EDWARD UjOYD LOMAX. SR. 






mfrnm^Hm^^mmrmmmimmmmm 



i i ■■ m 







Ik 



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.Vi-'^ 



M..1I1I . . r> m* n r ■ ilnliil 



EDWARD IXOYD LOMAX. JR. 



F:unng the *orxs or «""" thoroughly furnished for his own improvement and 

(Bibl« ".- « > li.l .o hi, „po S i.io„ ol the Scrip...... .nJ »W k „ fa~» „«..ly P-oS-a 

rSTSlu'-l- «., one o. ,h«. ,hu. 8 iv., hi. .ccollcc.ion. o. .uch ~~~> 

v .k- ,:^k r«nlt* of his deep studies and reflections. 

" m To", wM^lSfcSyl a radius P of one hundred miles from the spot .here hew- 
L ?jX:rt remains of his Virginia ancestors repose-modest, ou.e, and uneventful 
r iU narrow stage, but filled with good and faithful work. 
"The greatest souls 
Are often those of whom the noisy world 
Hears least." __ 

Hi. wa, a soul which, though it could boast of intellectual strength and P«*~ -»* 

viszz wait jss ^SSSsSSS 

Jcontinent-on the coast of the Atlantic and Pacific on the pramc. of the West and the 
ores of the Gulf-all of whom "arise up and call him blessed. 

Presley Thornton Lomax 

Wa. the son of John Tayloe Lomax. LL. D.. and Charlotte Belson Thornton. He 

a. born March 2 1820. and died at Newton. Mass.. August 20. 1693. at the home of h,s daughter 

Z. limes E Clark (nee Sarah Wellford Lomax). Mr. Lomax received h,s early education m 

M£**i Va a d hen went to school at Rushing. Long Island. N. Y preparatory to the 

^.ity of Virginia, where he afterwards studied law. He commenced the pract.ee _of law rm 

rede ricksburg Va where he married Mildred Henderson Wellford. daughter of John SpoUwood 

U and Janet Henderson. A few year. ^ [?J^^£^££ ~ 

,d moved from Fredericksburg and bought a place called "Op.es. ,n Richmond C^ ■■ 

* county seat, and there he lived practicing law until the early part of 18,5. when W<^M 

move west and .elected Keokuk. 1... at that time a flourish.ng front.er town and at the had 

Ration on the Mississippi River, as being a most desirable location. In December. 18* 

f,7a I ,t » Frcderick.bu, g P V... he. w.th his family, removed to Keokuk and ^*£fZ 

f law in that town. In 1872. he was appointed Master ,n Chancery of the C.rcu.t Court of : .he 

Wd Stat .. District of Iowa, and held that position until his retirement from active bus.nea. 



a 1892 

38 



He wm considered one of the best chancery lawyer, in the Wat and waa an honored 
member of the Iowa Bar. Some of his opinions and decisions were for many years a matter of refer- 
ence in chancery cases. He was a highly educated, well-informed man of a retiring nature, though 
of strong personal characteristics. A consistent member of the Presbyterian Church, he Laved 
a simple earnest life and always led in whatever he undertook. He abhorred politic*, notwith- 
standing 'he was offered great political preferment in the State of Iowa, after the dose of the wit. 

He was a large, comely man and bore a remarkable likeness to his father. John Taylot 
Umax; of fine address, genial disposition, a kind father and a good citizen. Although a great 
reader and student, he never published anything except some addenda to Umax's D.gest. a work 
of his fathers, consisting of a digest of the laws of real property, in three volume*, which was 
first published in 1839. and this work is still one of reference in chancery pleadings. 

Major Mann Page Lomax 



Was the son of Ann Corbin Tayloe and her husband. Thomas Lomax. He waa bora 
at Port Tobago. Caroline County. V... February 15. 1787. and married. May II. 1820. Elizabeth 
Virginia Lindsay, youngest daughter of Captain William Lindsay, a descendant of the Scotch 
House of Lindsay. Captain Lindsay was born at his estate. 'Lindsay's Mills ' near Port Royal. 
Va in 1735; died at Newport. R. I.. 1797. and buried in Trinity Churchyard. Newport. He waa 
a personal friend of General Washington and LaFayette. and a gentleman of wealth. That wealth 
he gave to his country. He served in the army in the Revolutionary War without pay. in the 
famous Lee's Legion. 1 le was wounded in defending the Red House in New Jersey (for account 
of Red 1 louse skirmish see Marshall's "L.fe of Washington." Vol.3, pages 377-376). and died from 
the effects of that wound at Newport. R. I., to which place he resorted for his .health. Captain 
William Lindsay married Mattie Fox of Scotch descent, born at Norfolk. \ a.. 1/66 died 1623. anc 
buried in St. Paul's Churchyard. Norfolk. She was a woman of shrewd w.t and much energy 
Major M P. Lomax was educated at W.lliam and Mary College. Williamsburg. \ irgir.ia. thi 
great Virginia College in those days, and entered the United States Army in 1811 as seconc 
heutenant of artillery. He died March 27. 1842. and was buried at Mount Auburn. Mass. Th. 
children of Mann Page and Elizabeth Virginia Lomax were: 

Jane Tayloe born February 2. 1821. Norfolk. Va.. died May 26. 1847. 
Elizabeth Lindsay born 1823. Norfolk. Va.. died April 25. 1846. 
Lunsford Tayloe died in infancy. 
William Lindsay died in infancy. 
Mann Page died in infancy. 

Anne Corbin born at Fort Wolcott. R. I. * 

Mattie Virginia Sarah Lindsay born at Newport, R. I.. September 13. 1831. 
Eleanor Victoria born at Newport. R. I.. March 1832. died January 29. 1880 
Julia Lawrence and Mary Noel, twins, born at Newport. R. L December 19. 1833. 
Lindsay Lunsford born November 4. 1839. at Fort Wolcott. R. I. 

Major M. P. Lomax was a distinguished officer in the U. S. Army. He waa one of th 
four captains chosen from the whole army to be a major in the ordnance corps, and serve 
through the Indian campaigns. When asked by the Secretary of War how long he had been 
captain, his reply was that he was ranked by no one he ever heard of but Joshua. Captain of th 
Israelites. He never asked for a fuilough. and was never court-martialed. 

In the printed memoirs of the late Benjamin Ogle Tayloe. the following anecdote is founc 
"During the War of 1812-15. Major Lomax was adjutant-general to Cencral U ilkinson nea 
St Lawrence River, and was sent blindfolded within the British lines on a message of duj 
He dined with the British officer. At the table toasts were drunk. The British officer gave M 
Madison, dead or alive.' When his turn came. Major Umax gave. The Prince Regent, drun 
or sober.' The British officer sprang to his feet and fiercely asked. 'Do you intend that for a 
insult? ' Lomax coolly replied. 'A return for an insult.' There the matter dropped. 



30 



Major Lomax. wu finally ordered from Florida to Watertown Arsenal, near Boston, 
fne sudden change of climate developed consumption, of which he died at the arsenal, and was 
.uried at Mount Auburn, near Boston. He was a cultured gentleman, a faithful officer and 
> noted wit. 

Marriages of children of Mann Page Lomax and Elizabeth Virginia Lindsay: 
Jane Tsyloe married Francis Worthington, M. D.. son of Governor Worthington of Ohio. 
7 ebruary 8. 1843. Anne Corbin married Thomas Green of Richmond. Va.. January 7. 1864. Lind- 
ay Lunsford married Elizabeth Winter Payne, daughter of Dr. Alban Payne of Virginia. February 

■O. 1873. 

Children of Francis Worthington and Jane Tayloe Lomax: 

Elizabeth Lindsay born November 20. 1843. died in infancy. 

Alice, born June 13, 1846. married Lieut. Col. William Winthrop of New York, descendant of 
Governor Winthrop of Massachusetts. July 26. 1877. died Oct. 2. 1900. no issue. She survived her 
lusband but a few months. 

The Funeral of Major Mann Page Lomax 

Extract iiom Boston (M»§».) Newspaper. March 31. 1842. 



Yesterday afternoon the remains of the late Major Lomax were removed from the church 
it Watertown. and conveyed to Mount Auburn, where they were consigned to their final resting- 
>lace with military honors. The duty of escorting the body devolved upon fodr light companies 
)f the First Regiment of the Massachusetts Militia—the Suffolk Light Guard. Captain Washburn; 
.he Hancock Light Infantry. Captain Pray; the City Grays. Captain Park, and the Washington 
Phalanx. Captain Kurtz. These companies formed the battalion line upon Boston Common 
it 2.30 o'clock p. m.. the Suffolk Light Guard on the right, and the other companies in the order 
,n which we have placed thrm above, the whole being under the command of Major Mitchell. The 
military turned out with full ranks and made a striking and soldierly appearance, which attracted 
many spectators to the Common. 

From this place they marched to the depot of the Worcester Railroad, over which they 
*ere conveyed to Watertown. They then marched from the depot at Newton Corner to the Bap- 
tist Church in the same town, and there received the coffin containing the body, which they escorted 
to Mount Auburn. The coffin was wrapped in a United States flag and borne by privates of the 
United States Artillery. Six officers of the army and the marine corps officiated as pallbearers. 
Among those assembled to pay the last honors to the dead, we noticed Colonel Freeman and Captain 
Marston of the Marine Corps. Captain McGruder of the Army, and several officers of the Navy, 
and Captain Sturgis of the Revenue Cutter. 

The funeral cortege reached Mount Auburn at six o'clock precisely. An immense con- 
course of spectators of both sexes had previously stationed themselves on the elevated giound 
an the borders of Fresh Pond, facing which was the tomb destined to receive the remains of the 
gallant Major Lomax. The whole scene was striking, picturesque and solemn, with the tree* 
waving and whispering mournfully in the breeze — above, life, gayly-dresscd and busy life— below, 
the silent dead. The mournful music of the muffled drum, and the low wailing of the bugle, 
timed the measured march of the soldiery, as they filed along the borders of the pond, their 
moving figures, richly attirrd. and glittering arms reflected on the glassy surface of the water. The 
rarity of such an array in that sequestered spot rendered the spectacle doubly impressive. The 
troops were drawn up in double line, while the coffin was consigned to its final resting-place, and 
the solemn burial service read — the Rev. Mr. Putnam, of Roxbury, officiating. This done, the 
Hon. H. A. S. Dearborn. Adjutant-General of the Commonwealth, addressed the battalion in a 
•hort. but appropriate and eloquent speech, to which, as we took no note of his remarks, we are 
aware we are doing great injustice by the following sketch: 

"Officers and Soldiers: 

"We have assembled this day to pay the last tribute of respect to a deceased fellow soldier 
—one whose whole life was devoted to sustaining the laws and institutions of our country. Major 

40 






I / : <iMH% f^ 



\ 



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re 









"v^... ,- 



CENEAAL LINDSAY LUNSFORD LOMAX 



41 



una* waj born in Virginia and descended from the most distinguished families in the Old Domin- 
», both on his father's and mother's side. He was educated at the College of William and Mary 
d after graduating with honor, commenced the study of law; but in 1811 he entered the Army 

a second lieutenant of artillery. During the war he was actively engaged in many of its stirring 
enes and on every occasion did honor both to himself and his country and was promoted to the 
nk of major. During the years 1835. '36, '37. '38. he served in the war against the Creeks and 
mincles. and afterwards he was transferred to the ordnance department and took command 

the arsenal at Watertown. where he remained until the day of his death. As a son of Virginia, 
.st fitter spot, except his own native soil, could there be for his final resting-place, than Massa- 
usetts. Massachusetts and Virginia were together among the glorious Old Thirteen. 'Shoulder 

shoulder' they went through the Revolution, hand in hand they stood around the administra- 
>n of Washington and felt his own great arm lean on them for support, and the sound of the 
igle of Morgan's Brigade had often mingled on the battle field with a tattoo and reveille of the 
ew England troops. 

"And what fitter spot in Massachusetts could there be for the grave of one of our country's 
llant defenders than this, already hallowed by the remains of many of her noble sons, within 
;ht of Bunker Hill where Warren met his glorious end! Officers and soldiers of the First Regiment 

the Massachusetts Militia, I am requested by the officers of the Army to thank you for the 
sdiness with which you have come forward to pay the last honors to their deceased brother, and 

express their admiration for the military and soldier-like manner in which the duty has been 
rformed." 

The ceremonies at Mount Auburn were concluded by the discharge of three volleys over the 
ave by the whole battalion, after which the troops took up their line of march for the depot of 
e Fresh Pond Railroad, to the tune of a lively quickstep, the customary finale of a military 
neral. 

General Lindsay Lunsford Lomax 



Was the son of Elizabeth Virginia and Major Mann Page Lomax. He was born No- 
mber 4. 1835. and married Elizabeth Winter Payne, daughter of Dr. Alban Payne, of Fauquier 
mnty. Virginia. February 20, 1873. Their children were: 

Elizabeth Lindsay*, bom December 18. 1874. 

Anne Tayloe born July 7, 1888. 

His military record is as follows: 

Cadet U. S. Military Academy, July I, 1852: Bvt. 2d Lieutenant. Second Cavalry, July I. 
56: 2d Lieutenant, First Cavalry, September 30, 1856; 1st Lieutenant, March 21, 1861. 
rsigned April 25, 1861. He then went into the "Confederate" service, and there his record was: 

Capt. A. A. G. to Gen. J. E. Johnston. April 29, 1861; Maj. A. I. G. to Brig. Gen. Ben 
cCullock. 1661; Lieut. Col. A. I. G. to Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn. July. 1861-1863; Colonel 
th Virginia Cavalry. February' 8. 1863; March 29. 1863, assigned to command of Valley Dis- 
ct, Dcpt. of Northern Virginia; Brig. Gen. P. A. C. S.. July 23, 1863; January 31. 1864, com- 
snding brigade in Fitzhugh Lee's division. Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. August 
, assigned (1664) to command in General Early's corps, relieving Gen. Robert Ransom (October 
, 1864, commanding Cavalry Division in Army of Valley District); Maj. Gen. P. A. C. S., August 
, 1664. His commands were: 

Brigade composed of 5th, 6th and 15th Regiments Virginia Cavalry, and 1st Regiment 
aryland Cavalry. Fitzhugh Lee's division army of Northern Virginia. 

Division composed of the cavalry brigades of Brig. Gens. Bradley T. Johnson. W. D. Jackson, 
enry B. Davidson, J. D. Imboden, and John McCausland, Army of Northern Virginia. 



*&Jizabe(h Lindsay Lomax married Waddy Butler M'ood of Virginia and had two children. Elizabeth 
ndsay Lomax. born January 22, 1690. and Virginia Hargraves born January II. 1906. 

42 



He was President of the Agricultural and Mechanical College at Blackburg. * 
appointed U. S. Commissioner Gettysburg National Military Park. May 27. 190$. 






Thomas Lunsforcl Lomax of Fredericksburg, Virginia 

■ 
« 

- « 

Was the son of Thomas Lomax and Ann Corbin Tayloe. born at Port Tobago. November I 
1778. married Martha, daughter of Robert and Jane Johnstone. February I. 1803. died at Fn 
erick'sburT. May 29. 1805. and was buried at Mannsfield. He left an only son. Thomas Lunsfo 
born November 16. 1603. This Thomas Lunsford. son of Thomas Lunsford Lomax and Man 
Johnstone, born November 16. 1603. married Margaret Stuart, daughter of Richard Stuart of Co 
Grove. King George County, Virginia, about 1828. 

The children of Thomas Lunsford and Margaret Lomax were: 
Roberta, born about 1830. 
Margaret, born about 1832. 
Richard Stuart, bom about 1834. 
Thomas Lunsford, born about 1836. 
William R.. born about 1838. 
Roberta Lomax married her cousin. Doctor Richard Stuart, of Alexandria. Virginia- 
Richard Stuart Lomax married and left children. 

Thomas Lunsford Lomax served in the Confederate Army, and »U severely wounded, 
left two children. Sluart Lunsford and Meta E. Lomax. 



John Tayloe Lomax (II) of Demopolis, Alabama 



The eldest son of John Tayloe Lomax (1) and Charlotte Belson Thornton, was born at 
old Menokin Manor. February 2. 1613, and removed to Demopolis. Marengo County. Alabama 
1837. where he married Elmira Strudwick. December 27. 1838. and died at Demopolis. July 
1863". 

Children of John Tayloe (II) and FJmira Lomax: 
Samuel Strudwick. the fust child of John Tayloe and Llmira Lomax. was born Febru 
29, 1840, at Demopolis. Alabama- 
Charlotte Thornton, born July 29. 1843. at Demopolis, Alabama, married Alfred Buck 
Pittman. April 21. 1864. at Demopolis. Ala. 

John Tayloe (111), born October 3. 1845. at Demopolis, Alabama, died at Portland. Orej 

about 1893. 

Thomas Barton, born August 30. 1847. at Demopolis. Alabama. 

Annie Nash, born August 3. 1830. at Areola. Alabama. 

Rosalie Octavia. born February 10. 1854. at Mobile. Alabama, died at Staunton. Virgi 
January, 1870. 

Lucy Allen, born February 9. 1 837. at Demopolis. Alabama, married E. D. Cayle. of Alab* 

I860. 

Presley Thornton, born February 25. 1859. at Demopolis, A!a.. married and settle* 

Lewiston, Idaho. 

~Elmira. born February I. 1861. at Demopolis. Alabama, married Hart Vance of Louuv 

Kentucky. 

43 



Mrs. Ann Corbin Lomax 



Obituary Notice of Mr*. Ann Corbin Lomax. Frederickaburg, Va.. published in The Political 
\rena. Fredericksburg. V*.. February 3, 1835: 

"Died, on Tuesday, the 27th instant, at Fredericksburg, Mrs. Ann Corbin Lomax. late of 
'ort Tobago. Caroline County, in the 82d year of her age. This venerable and excellent individual 
•as gone down to the grave full of years and rich in the esteem of all who knew her. Few have 
un so long a race and fewer still fulfilled so well their duties. In every social relation she acted 
veil her part, ever seeking to communicate rather than to receive good. "The love which feels 
ioload' ever animated her bosom and sustained her in the willing discharge of every kind and use- 
ul office. For many years religion with its sweetest influence controlled and adorned her life. 
;n all her trials she cherished its precious hopes and always exhibited in her blameless and benefi- 
:ent life its elevating and sanctifying power. Cheered by its consolations in life, she found it 
i reviving cordial in death and has left in her departure to a better world the fragrance of a name 
insullied by a blot, to refresh the spirit of the mourner and commend to all the grace which saved 
er. Her remains were interred at Port Tobago beside the grave of her deceased husband, Thomas 



Obituary Notice of Mrs. Mary Page, relict of Mann Page, Esq., late of Mannsfield, in the 
Oth year of her age. Published in The Political Arena, at Fredericksburg. Va.. February 6. 1835. 

"She was universally admired and beloved for every virtue which can exalt the female 
haracter and which can adorn the Christian profession. It is a striking coincidence that Mrs. 
'age and her venerable sister. Mrs. Lomax (whose obituary* was published in our last paper), the 
nly survivors of a numerous family, should have quitted this world of sorrow on the same day 
rithin two hours of each other. (Mrs. Lomax was the survivor.) Nor was this the only striking 
oincidence in their history. Both had been afflicted v\ith the severest reverses of fortune; both 
•ere conspicuous through life for their exemplary - piety and goodness; both were cheered in their 
tst moments by the brightest of gospel hope and resigned their last breath in the triumph of Chris- 
an faith. They were loving and pleasant in their lives and in their death they were not divided." 






Miss Eleanor Lomax 

From "The Political Arena," Fredericksburg. Virginia 



OBITUARY 
Died June 7th. at the residence of James Hunter. Esq., Caroline County, Virginia, Miss 
leanor Lomax in the 90th year of her age. 

This venerable lady was the last surviving sister of the late Judge John Tayloe Lomax, 

Fredericksburg. Va. She removed from Port Royal to Fredericksburg early in life, and there 

'ime under the ministry of Dr. Samuel B. Wilson, of whose church, in 1817, she became an intelli- 

.•nt and devoted member. She was one of several sisters long known and loved in Fredericksburg. 

ftt piety was singularly fervent and elevated. The Sunday School — perhaps the first established 

the State — the Female Orphan Asylum, the Ladies' Societies and prayer meetings, were objects 

1 her hearty interest and faithful labors. Her Christian character was especially marked by strong 

ith, by zeal for the conversion of the young, and by believing, effectual prayer. She loved the 

•use of God and its solemn ordinances. She longed and prayed and gave freely for the conversion 

the heathen. Her life was lengthened out many years beyond the usual allotment and beyond 

■rr own expectation. Her later years of infirmity were passed very much cut off from social inter- 

urse by loss of hearing, and afterwards by loss of sight. She was patient and submissive — 

siting for the summons, "Come up higher." 

The name of Miss Eleanor Lomax has been and will be fragrant in the churches. She has 
ne at last to "the compassionate Redeemer" whom she loved and of whom she loved to speak 
d write. "This woman was full of good works and alms deeds which she did." "Precious in 
lie sight of the Lord is the death of His sainta." J. P. S. 

U 



Eleanor Victoria Lomax 



OBITUARY 

Died in Warren ton. Va.. January 29, 1880. Eleanor Victoria, daughter of the late El| 
Lindsay and Major Mann Page Lomax, United States Army. 

The subject of this biographical sketch was born and reared in one of those ref 
cultivated christian homc6. which have so long been the glory of her State — Virginia, 

She grew up with excellent educational advantages, which she conscientiously us 
evincing a fine intellectual capacity, and gradually acquiring useful and beautiful accomplish 
With a genial disposition, she was always a most agreeable companion, entering readily ir 
feelings of people of divers ages and dissimilar tastes. She used her powers well, spendil 
life as a successful teacher of the young and for several years contributing greatly to the spij 
interest of the church services by her fine musical talents. And yet, with all her acquire 
she was a modest gentlewoman, so sensitive and shrinking that her lack of self-assertion 
almost a flaw in her well-rounded character. 

Who that knew her well can forget her unselfish friendship, her charity that "thinkl 
evil," her devotion to her family, her unwavering fidelity in the performance of duty? Livingj 
a cloud of physical suffering, and in constant apprehension of death, she worked as regular 
as faithfully in her whole calling as if she had been robust, nor did she relinquish her imp ; 
and difficult duties in connection with the music of the church until her physician and 
forced her to do so, convinced, as they were, that she was shortening her useful life, which 
already in great peril. 

The writer's relations with Miss Lomax were of that intimate and confidential cha 
which a pastor is apt to sustain towaids such a parishioner, and he only asserts, now tl 
has gone from us. what he often said while she was one of us. that her life was a true and 
illustration of the religion of Christ. Her faith in God was strong; her devotion to our 
was deep, she cherished the genuine spirit of self-sacrifice, and 6hc steadily endeavored 
for others. Over all her toils and trials there was the sunshine of perpetual peace— beautifj 
heaven-born. 

Such a life could not end; it is only raised to a higher sphere. She rests from her 
and her works do follow her. J- 



! 



CHAPTER V 



lention of the Families of Wormeley, Lunsford, Micou, Roy, Corbin, 
Eltonhead, Tayloe, Plater, Burford, Wilkinson, Addison, Tasker, 
Griffin, Gwynn, Thornton, Savage, Presley, Lindsay, Payne, 
Wellford, Randolph, Isham, and Yates 



Virginia Ancestry of Elizabeth Wormeley of "Rose Gill" 
Wife of John Lomax 






Thomas Lunsford. of Wiliegb 
ill. Sussex County. England. Bom 
■out 1610. Married Elizabeth 
mp, widow of Richard Kemp, 

ut 1651. Died 1653 at "Rich- -- 

it." James City County. Va. 

le of Sir Thomas Lunsford and 

zabeth Kemp. Katharine, only child, born about 1652, died May 17, 

1685. 

• 

atharine Lunsford. Daughter of 
r Thomas Lunsford and Elizabeth . 

mp. Married Ralph Wormeley. 
.. of "Rose Cill." 1680. 



The Wormeley Family of "Rose Gill" 
Middlesex County, Virginia 



Christopher and Ralph Wormeley were first of the name in Virginia. 
Christopher came to Virginia in 1635. was a member of the Council in 1637, died in 1649, 
ad left his estate to his brother Ralph. 

Ralph Wormeley was born in England, 1620. emigrated to Virginia and lived at "Rose Cill," 

Harried Agatha Eltonhead, and died in 1655. (Agatha Eltonhead afterwards married Sir Henry 

ichely.) Ralph Wormeley received a grant of 3.000 acres of land. 2.000 acres in King George 

lunty and 1,000 acres in Middlesex County, which latter grant afterwards constituted the "Rose 

>ll Plantation," and his various purchases of land brought the acreage of "Rose Cill" up to about 

vo thousand three hundred acres. The children of Ralph Wormeley and Agatha Eltonhead were 

■hristopher. Ralph II, and Aylmer, who died young. 

Ralph Wormeley II was born in 1650 and died in 1703. Was married 1680 to Katharine, 
Se only daughter of Sir Thomas Lunsford and Elizabeth Kemp (widow of Richard Kemp of 

40 



^2 



Richneck. Junes City County). He matriculated in 1665 at Oriel College. Oxford, 
afterwards was member of the House of Burgesses in 1674 and of the Council in 1677. 
also Secretary of the State of Virginia in 1693. The children of Ralph Wormeley II and KathaJ 
Lunsford were Elizabeth and Katharine. Elizabeth Wormeley married John Lomax, 4 
Katharine Wormeley married Cawin Corbin. 

Virginia Ancestry of Judith Micou of "Port Micou" 
Wife of Lunsford Lomax 



Paul Micou. of Nantes. France. 
Born 1658. Married Margaret Roy. 
Died May 23. 1736. at Port Micou. 
Essex County. Va. 

Issue of Paul Micou and Margaret 
Roy. Port Micou. Essex County, 
Va. P»ul 



Judith Micou married Lunsford 
Lomax, January I. 1742. 



John 
James 
Margaret 

Judith, bom 1724 at Port Micou. died May 9. $ 
at Port Tobago. 



The Micou Family of "Port Micou" 



: 



Paul Micou of Nantes. France, was born about 1658. Died May 23. 1736. seventy- hi 
years old. He was a French physician and a Huguenot. After some years of exile, pro' r 
in England, he came to Virginia and settled in Essex County on the Rappahannock River i«t 
1695. His wife's maiden name was Margaret Roy. He was Justice of the Peace in Essex Ct ty 
from 1700 to 1720. In addition to the "Port Micou" Plantation, he owned a good deal of 
in King George County and in Spottsylvania County. 

The "Port Micou" Plantation comprised about two thousand acres of land. Paul n, 
was buried on the "Port Micou" estate and a heavy black marble tombstone still marks his |» 

The children of Paul Micou and Margaret Roy were Paul. John. James. Margaret q 
Judith. Judith Micou was born at "Port Micou" about 1724; married Lunsford Lomax. 

Virginia Ancestry of Ann Corbin Tayloe of "Mount Airy" 
Wife of Thomas Lomax 



Henry Corbin of Peckatone, West- 
moreland County, Va., (third son of 
Thomas Corbin and Winifred Gros- 
venor. Warwick County. England). 
Born 1629. Married Alice Eltonhead. 
daughter of Richard Eltonhead. of 
Eltonhead. Lancaster County. Eng- 
land, widow of Rowland Bumham. 
about 1655. Died about 1675. 



<7 



iue of Henry Corbin and Alice 
tonhead. 



an Corbin. Daughter of Henry 
>rbin and Alice Dtonhead. Mar- 
ti William Tayloe, who died in 
r94. 

sue of William Tayloe and 
nn Corbin. 



Ann 

Henry 

Thomas 

Cawin 

Letitia 

Alice 

Winnifred 

France* 



John born February 5. 1687. died 1747. 

William born about 1690. died about 1725 without issue. 



>hn Tayloe married in 1710 
Uzabeth Gwynn Lyde *(relict of 
tephen Lyde) daughter of Major 
P'avid Gwynn and Kathrine Griffin 
auntelroy. Died 1747. 



isue of John Tayloe and Elizabeth 
yde. 



i 

■ 
ohn Tayloe. Son of John Tayloe. 
nd Elizabeth Lyde. Born May 28. 
721. Married Rebecca Plater 
uly 11. 1747. daughter of Colonel 
jeorge Plater and Rebecca (Bowles) 
tddison. of St. Marys County. Md. 
lebecca Plater was born August 8, 
731 and died January 22. 1787. 



Colonel Samuel Griffin born in 16)3 and 
u§ wife Sarah (maiden name unrecorded) 
■ad » daughter Kathrine. who was bora 
klarch 16. Ib64. She married William 
"auntelroy in 1678. 
isue of William Fauntelroy and Kathrine' 

jtiftlD. 



Khet Mr. William Fauntelroy '• death. hi» 

wife. Kathrine Griffin married Mr. David 

jwynn. 

laiue of Mr. David Cwynn and Kathrine 

Griffin Fauntelroy. 



William born July 8. 1716. died May 8. 1726. 

John (the same who married Rebecca Plater) born 

May 28. 1721. died April 18. 1779. 
Elizabeth, born May 28. 1721. twin sister of John, who 

afterwards married Richard Corbin of Laneville in 

King and Queen County. 
Ann Corbin born August 25. 1723. who afterwards 

married Mann Page of Rosewell. 



Moor born January % 1679. 
Criffin born April 13. 1661. 
William born March 31. 1684. 



Elizabeth born December 31. 1692. died January 2S. 1745. 
married first. Stephen Lyde and was left a widow, second. 
Honorable John Tayloe. 

Sarah born October 20. 1695. died September 24. 1734. . 
Kathrine born June 16. 1700. 



48 






Imuc of John Tayloe and Rebecca 

Plater. Elizabeth, the same that married Edward Uo; 

of Maryland, born March 6. 1 750. died February I 

1825. 
Rebecca, who married Francis Lightfoot Lee. bo 

January 17. 1752. died January 7. 1797. 
Ann Corbin, who married Thomas Lomax. bo 

June 7. 1753. died January 27. 1835. 
Eleanor, who married Ralph Wormeley, born October 

1755. died February 23. 1815. 
Mary, who married Mann Page of Mannsfield, bo' 

October 28, 1759, died January 27. 1835. 
Catharine, who married Landon Carter, born October I 

1761. died December 22. 1798. 
Sarah, who married William Augustine Washingtc 

born March 5, 1765. died September 3. 1834. 
John, the youngest of twin sons (the elder dyi* 

soon after his birth) boin September 3, 1771, di< 

February 29. 1828. 
Jane, who married Robert Beverley, born Man 

25. 1774. died May 10. 1616. 



Ann Corbin Tayloe married Thomas 
Umax May 25. 1773. 



The Tayloe Family of "Mount Airy" 






William Taylor of London, England, emigrated to Virginia the latter part of the 17th centw 
and settled in the County of York. He became Burgess and Councillor. He married Eliza be 
Kings Mill, but left no children. He left his estate to his nephew, William Tayloe. The date < 
his death is not known nor the cause of the change of orthography from Taylor to Tayloe. TT) 
nephew, William Tayloe, married Ann Corbin, daughter of Henry Corbin, and had issue John ar 

William. William left no descendants. John, who died in 1747, is known as the "Honorab » 

Colonel of the Old House in Richmond County." Was a member of the Kings Council f> ' 

Virginia. Owned three thousand acres of land in Charles County. Maryland, known * * 

"Nanjemoy"; also the estate of "Gwynnfield" in Essex County and "Nebasco" in Prince Willia ' 

County, Virginia. He married Elizabeth Gwynn Lyde. Their children were John, bo « 

May 28, 1721; Elizabeth, who married Richard Corbin; Ann Corbin, who married Mann Pag' *• 

The son. John Tayloe, born May 28, 1721. died April 18. 1779. He is known as the found * 
of "Mount Airy." where he erected, in 1747, a magnificent family mansion memorable in tl' r| 

annals of Virginia; was a member of the King's Council, in 1776, under Lord Dunmore. ai » 

of the first Republican Council under Governor Henry. He married July II. 1747. Rebeo ■' 

Plater (born August 8, 1731, died January 22, 1787), daughter of Colonel George Plater ar I 

Rebecca Bowles Addison of Saint Mary's County, Maryland. Their children were, Elizabet) * 
who married Colonel Edward Lloyd; Rebecca, who married Francis Lightfoot Lee; Ann Corbi 

who married Thomas Lomax; Eleanor, who married Honorable Ralph Wormeley; Mary, wl i 

married Colonel Mann Page; Catherine, who married Colonel Landon Carter; Sarah, wl * 

married Colonel William Augustine Washington; Jane, who married Colonel Robert Beverl i 

and John, who was born September 3. 1771, at "Mount Airy"; died February 29, 1828. Tl I 

last named was educated at Eaton and Cambridge. England. At the age of twenty he return* * 

to America and afterwards succeeded to the largest estate in Virginia. Took an active part I I 

public affairs and was a member of the Federal party and a warm personal friend of Gener I 

Washington; was appointed, in 1799, by President Adams, Major of the Light Dragoons. U. S. A i 

served in State Legislature for nine years as delegate and senator, and married, in 1792, Ann Ogl » 
a daughter of Governor Benjamin Ogle of Maryland. 



49 






The Corbin Family of Virginia 



Henry Corbin. the progenitor of the Corbin family of Virginia, we. born in 1629. Warwick 

•«t England: ?«l in 1675. Came to Virginia in about 1654 and -"fed .» *•"• and Queen 
nly ' He also took up land, in Lancaster. Westmoreland and M.ddlesex counties. Virgin*. 
C* "uwJ "Peckatone- in Westmoreland County. Va. Tl.e patent for the Peck, one^ 
„7of land, is under date March. 1664. Henry Corbin was a member of the V.rgm.a Burgesae. 
,659 member of the Council in .663. and a justice in .673. Upon the vast are. of and which 
patented, his son. .nd grandson, hved .nd est.blished the great estates of Farl.yv.le Lane- 
P and -Moss Neck." About 1655. Henry Corbin m.rned Alice Eltonhead (widow of Roland 
Lm) ^STonhead wa, the daughter of Richard Eltonhead of Eh-MU--» 
I* England. Henry Corb.n was the thud son of Thomas Corb.n and Wm.fred. daughter 

,C.l Crosvenor of SuTton Coldfield. Warwick County. England. Henry Corb.n was a descend- 
l of Robert Corb.on of Warwick County. England. The orthography of the name was after- 
,d changed to Corbin. From Robert Corbion in the 13th century by direct : me through 

' ,1 m th son of Robert, and from him Imeal.y by Hamon. W.ll.am Thomas. W.lham of B,r- 
,„gham. XV.ll.am of K.ngs. Swinford of Stafford County. Henry. John. Thomas N«hoJ- of 
II I End Warwick County. R.chard. Thomas. Ceorge. to Thomas Corb.n. born 1594. d.ed in 
,37. the fourteenth in descent from the first Robert Corb.on or Corb.n. 

Children of Henry Corbin and Alice Eltonhead: Ann; H-ry. who d.ed young; Thomas 

ft went to London; Gawin. who married (first) Katharine Worrneley (second M» Um, ., 
La. Al.ce. Winifred .nd France* C.vsin became the head of the V.rg.n.. fam.ly of Corb.n.. ^ 



The Plater. Addison, and Tasker Families of Maryland 



~y. '■ c ^' 



n 



Rebecc. Pl.ter. *ho m.rried John T.yloe of "Mount Airy." was the daughter of Colonel 
, *orge Plater of "Sotterly." St. Marys County. Maryland. Colonel George Plater *a. born in 
otom.e District. Maryland, in 1695. and d.ed in 1755. He «« member of the Council of Mary- 
'^732-1755. Collector for Potomac District J750. Naval Officer for Pawtucket I 50. Secretary 
,f the State of Maryland I755« He was 'the ton* 'of Attorney-General Ceorge Plater of Sain Q 
Ly. County. Maryland (who was born in 1663). and his wife. Anne Doyne Burford (daughter <HJ 
JSney-Ceneral Thomas Burford of Charles County. Maryland). Colonel George Plater married 
tebecc. .Bowles* Add.son. daughter of Colonel Thomas Addison of Prince Georges County. Mary- 
.nd and hi, wife Elizabeth Tasker. Colonel Thomas Addison «■•*«— of Colonel John 
.uUiaon and Rebecca Dent W.lkinson. daughter of Reverend W.lliam W.lk.nson of England and 
Poland, and Mary, hi, wife. Elizabeth Tasker was daughter of Honorable Thomas Tasker. 
Colonel John Add.son was member of the Council 1692-1706. and Colonel Thomas *U~. ~ 
nember of the Council 1711 1727. HonorablcThomas Tasker was member of the Council 698-1700. 
Rebecca (Bowles) Add.son. of St. Marys County, Maryland, was descended from John 
Kdd.son of England and Maryland, who was the second son of Launcelot Add.son of The Hill. 
Westmoreland. England. He emigrated to Maryland in 1667. and was a member of the Xouncd 
of Maryland. 1692- 1706; Chancellor and Keeper of the Great Seal of the Province 1696-1699. 
Captain of militia, commissioned July 30. 1692: Colonel commanding mi lit.. of Charles County 
and placed in command of the m.l.tia of Prince Georges County. August 17. 1695. Date of birth 
unknown ; died in 1 706. Married, in 1 677. to Rebecca Dent W.lkinson. daughter of Reverend William 
Wilkinson of England .nd Maryland, who was born I6l2.ndd,ed 1663. The issue of John Add.son 
of Prince Ceorges County. Maryland, and Rebece. Dent Wilkinson wa, a wn.Tf.op.aa Addison, 
born 1679. died June 17. 1727. Was educated at Oxford. England. Bu.lt OxonH.U opposite 
Alexandria. Was a member of the Council of Maryland. 1711 1727; Colonel of 1 Pnnce George. 
County militia. 1714. He married twice: First. Elizabeth Tasker born 1686 died February 10 
1706 daughter of Honorable Thomas Talker, member of the CouncU; justice of the high provinaal 



60 



court, and treasurer of Maryland. Second, Eleanor Smith, daughter of Colonel Walter and Rach 
(Hall) Smith. Issue by the first marriage: Rebecca Tasker born January 3. 1703; married, fin 
James Bowles; married, second, June 10, 1729. Colonel George Plater. Eleanore Tasker, bor 
March 20, 1705; married, first. Bennett Lowe; married, second, Colonel Richard Smith of Calvei 
County; married, third, P. Thornton of Maryland and Virginia; married, fourth. Corbin Lee. 

Rebecca Tasker Addison, who first married James Bowles, and then Colonel George Plate 
was the mother of Rebecca Plater, who was born August 8, 1731, and died January 22, 1787. and wr, 
married Colonel John Tayloe of Mount Airy. July 1 1, 1747. This Rebecca Plater was the moth< 
of Ann Corbin Tayloe, who married Major Thomas Lomax. 



Virginia Ancestry of Charlotte Belson Thornton of 

"Northumberland House," Wife of 

John Tayloe Lomax 



William Thornton (I) came from 
London, England, and settled in 
Gloucester County, Virginia, in I6\$. J J 
Maiden name of wife not recorded. 
He had three sons, William. Francis, 
and Rowland. 

Francis Thornton (2) married Alice 
Savage, daughter of Captain Anthony 
Savage, of Gloucester County, Va. 



Issue of Francis Thornton and Alice 
Savage. 



Anthony Thornton (3). Son of 
Francis Thornton and Alice Savage. 
Married Winifred Presley, daughter 
of Peter Presley, of Northumberland 
House, Northumberland County, Va. 



Issue of Anthony Thornton and 
Winifred Presley: 

Presley Thornton (4). Son of 
Anthony Thornton and Winifred 
Presley. Married, first, Elizabeth — 
maiden name unknown. Their chil- 
dren were: Elizabeth. Peter Pres- 
ley, Winifred. Married, second, 
Charlotte Belson. 



Elizabeth 
Margaret 

William 

Sarah 

Francis 

Rowland 

Anne 

Anthony 



Presley 
Peter 
Anthony 
Winifred 



51 



laauc of Presley Thornton and Char- 
lotte Belson: ?"•'•* 



Charlotte 
Charles Wade 
John Tayloe 



N 



Presley Thornton (5). Son ol Pres- 
ley Thornton and Charlotte Belson. 
Married Elizabeth Thornton, daugh- 
ter of Colonel Francis Thornton of 
Society Hill. Moaiwneld. SpoYEsvl- -* 
veniaCounty. Va. /t<U*C tU V4> -¥*~ ' 

Issue of Presley Thornton and Eliza- Charlotte Belaon born at "Northumberland House" 
beth Thornton. J»n«ry 9. 1784. died October I. 1863 at Freder- 

icksburg. Vs. 

Arthur 

William 

Presley 

Charlotte Belson Thornton married 

John Tayloe Lomaxjuly 25. 1805. , 

Note: On this and following pages the five generations of Thorntons are numbered lor 

clearness. 

The Thornton Family of Virginia 



William Thornton (I), the first of the name, settled in Gloucester County. Virginia. 1673, 
and became progenitor of a large and distinguished family. His wife's maiden name is unknown. 
He had three sons. William. Francis, and Rowland. ■ 

Francis Thornton (2). went to Stafford County. Virginia, and settled there. His wife. Alice 
Savage, was a daughter of Captain Anthony Savage of Gloucester and Rappahannock counties, 
having estates in both counties, and was Justice of Gloucester County in 1660. Little is known 
of the family of Captain Anthony Savage. Francis Thornton and his wife. Alice Savage, had 
the following children: Elizabeth. Margaret. William. Sarah. Francis. Rowland. Anne. Anthony. 

Anthony Thornton (3) married Winifred Presley, the heiress of Colonel Peter Presley 
of Northumberland House. The children of Anthony Thornton and his wife. Winifred Presley, 
were: Presley, Peter. Anthony. Winifred. Through his wife. Winifred Presley. Northumberland 
House came into the possession of Anthony Thornton. 

Presley Thornton (4). son of Anthony Thornton and Winifred Presley, is the fourth in 
descent from the first William Thornton ; also inherited all the large estates of the Presley family under 
the will of his grandfather, Colonel Peter Presley. He was a member of the House of Burgesses 
from 1748 to 1760, and in 1760 was appointed to the Council. He married, first. Elizabeth- 
maiden name unknown- and their children were: Elizabeth. Peter Presley, who died without issue. 
Winifred. Married, second. Charlotte Belson (of English descent, who was an adopted daughter 
of Colonel John Tayloe of Mount Airy). The children of Presley Thornton (4) and Charlotte 
Belson were: Presley (5). Charlotte. Charles Wade. John Tayloe. Presley Thornton (4) died 
on December 8. 1769. in the forty-eighth year of his age. having enjoyed the chief honors of his 
state, and was buried in the family graveyard at Northumberland House. After the death of 
Presley Thornton (4) and prior to the Revolution. Charlotte Belson Thornton, disturbed over 
the political situation of the country, went back to England with her children. 

Presley Thornton (5). son of Presley Thornton (4) and his wife. Charlotte Belson. with 
his brother. Charles Wade, was put in the British army, and his other brother. John Tayloe. 



52 






* ','%. 



Vfc.r:t 



'■'■ r' : 

'-: •. 



Ci 



r* 



r 

Kn i. -■.- II,... 




ii- I i i iihi ■ « — il ■ »»■ it.«n. 

JOHN SPOT5W0OD WEJLLFORD 



53 



• put in tha Brituh navy, by their mother, who M that time wa. , living in England Presley 
Irnton (5) di.tin.ui.hed himself in the British army and w« wounded at the ..ege of Gibraltar. 
STSS t Signed hi. command and return** to Virginia about .781. H„ al brother 
Ter Presley, d.ed without is.ue .hortly alter hi. return. Presley Thornton (5) after the death 
hi. brother.Peter Presley Thornton, .ucceeded to the Northumberland estates and house, and under 
, Act passed in 1783 wa. restored to .11 right, as a citizen of Virginia. In the early part of 1783 
«ley Thornton (5) marned Elizabeth Thornton, daughter of Colonel Franc. Thorn on of 
■ciety Hill, at M.nnsfield. in Spottsylvania County. He wa, afterwards capta.n m the United 
ate. Infantry in 1798. and in 1800 he sold the Northumberland estate, and House and removed to 
,nle N Y where he died about 1807. The children of Presley Thornton (5) and Elizabeth 
^rnto'n were': Charlotte Bel.on, Arthur William. Presley. Charlotte Belson Thornton marned 
,hn Tayloe Lomax July 25. 1805. 

The Presley Family of "Northumberland House." 
Northumberland County, Virginia 



William Presley, the first of the name in Virginia, settled in Northumberland County. 
Mnia and wa. . member of the House of Burgesses. 1647-1651. The maiden name of the 
r«f William Presley (I) i, unknown. His will, dated August 15. 1650. proved m Northum, 
erland County. January 20. 1655. gives his estate to h... son. Peter ?«»*; ™»J ™ ~ 
„ a member of the House of Burgesses from Northumberland County March 1660-1661 . Oc o- 
er 1677-April. 1684; April. 1691-Apnl. 1692. In 1664 Peter Presley marned Elizabeth daughter 
{Richard Thompson; d.ed in 1699. They had one son. Peter Presley (2) who. .» 1700 wa. 
ppointed in Northumberland County as administrator of h.s deceased f ather s estate^ P*^"** 
Jfwss .fter^.rds made a colonel, and was known as Colonel Peter Presley of Northumberland . 
We. He was a member of the House of Burgesses from 1711 to 1747 and made h„ will m** 
748 Married Winifred Gr.mn. Colonel Peter Presley and his w.fe. W.n.fred Cr.fT,n. left one ^ 



/«». i\iarriea « inuicu w ■■■■■■■ — » 

hild. Winifred. wWafterwardT married Colonel Anthony Thornton. 



o 



h 



I 



Virginia Ancestry of Mildred Henderson Wellford of 
Fredericksburg. Wife of Presley Thornton Lomax 



!>octor Robert Wellford. born 1753 
n England, married January 1, 1781. 
Catherine Thornton (widow of John 
rhornton). daughter of Reverend 
Bartholomew Yate. and Mary 
Randolph Yates. 

Issue of Robert Wellford and Cath- 
erine Yate. Thornton. 






John Spouwood Wellford. Son of 
Robert Wellford and Catherine Yate*. 



Lucy Yate. born November 23. 1781. died 1859. 
John Spot.wood born March 30. 1783. died December 

23. 1846. 
William born November 5. 1784. died 1818. 
Robert born April 15. 1787. died September 25. 1840. 
Horace born October 4. 1790. died May 23. 1828. 
Beverly R. born July 29. 1797. died December 27. 1870. 
Charles born December 19. 1802. died December 29. 1872. 



M 



I 



Thornton. Married, first. 1607, 
Fannie Page, daughter of Colonel 
William Nelson; and second, March 
1 6, 1 820, Janet, daughter of Alexander 
Henderson of Fredericksburg, Va. 

Issue of John Spots wood Well ford 
and Fannie Page Nelson. 



Issue of John Spotswood Wellford 
and Janet Henderson. 



Mildred Henderson Wellford. Mar- 
ried Presley Thornton Lomax May 
28, 1844. 



Jane bom about 1809, married James Park Corbii 

about 1828. 
William Nelson born about 1811, married Mrs. Farle] 

Fauntleroy about 1835. 
Mary C. born about 1812. married George F. Carmichae 

about 1829. 

Fannie Page born March I, 1821. died August 3, I8S8 

unmarried. 
Mildred Henderson bom September 29. 1822, Fred 

ericksburg. Va.. died at Keokuk, Iowa. February 

17. 1889. 
Susan Nelson born January 15. 1824. died February 16 

1882. unmarried. 
Eliza Smith born October 8. 1827. married April 30. 1857 

Doctor Lawrence B. Rose, died January 25. 1899. 
Francis Preston born September 12, 1829. died Octobe 

10. 1877. unmarried. 
Sarah born July 19. 1833. died February 10. 1853 

unmarried. 
Catherine Yates born October 26. 1836. married Octobe 

30. I860. Major Richard W. N. Noland. died Feb 

ruary 17. 1901. 



The Wellford Family of Fredericksburg, Virginia 



Doctor Robert Welford. the first of his name in Virginia, was born in England in 175; 
He accompanied the command of Sir William Howe to America in the capacity of Assistant Su 
geon of the First Regiment of British Volunteers; landed in Philadelphia; was a surgeon of not 
December 26. 1776. he resigned his commission in the British army and went to live in Washingta 
D. C. After the Revolution. Robert Welford made a visit to his father in England but wi 
disowned and disinherited by his father for resigning his commission. So he returned to Washin) 
ton and changed his name from Welford to Wellford. Such a complete severance of all relatioi 
followed that his descendants never knew to which one of the Welford families in Englar 
he belonged. From his goodness to the American soldiers, whom the British took prisone 
from time to time, he won the esteem of General George Washington, who offered him 
commission in the Continental Army, which was declined. Afterwards he was invited t 
Colonel John Spotswood. grandson of Governor Alexander Spotswood. to visit him at his COUnU 
place near Fredericksburg in Spotsylvania County. Virginia, and while there he met Cat! 
erine Randolph, daughter of Reverend Robert and Mary Randolph Yates, who afterwan 
became his wife. (Catherine Randolph Yates, at the time Doctor Robert Wellford met be 

66 



wu the widow of John Thornton.) They settled in the neighborhood near Fredericksburg. 
V*.. and he became family physician of the Washington*, Lewises. Thorntons, Lomaxes. and 
others. During the whisky insurrections in Pennsylvania, Doctor "Robert Wellford was chosen 
surgeon of a regiment raised in Spotsylvania County to quell same. The service was of short dura- 
tion, as the insurrections were promptly put down. He died about April 24, 1823, at Fredericks* 
burg. Va. 

His son, John Spotswood, was quite a distinguished man in his day and generation. He wu 
not only one of the largest dry goods merchants in Virginia, but had many other interests, one of 
which was the making of iron. He was one of the first men in the United States to undertake the 
production of iron on a large scale and to foresee the vast possibilities of the iron industry. He 
bought an iron mine in Spotsylvania County and established furnaces as early as 1830, and did 
much to promote the iron industry. He held contracts with the Government for all the iron 
Se couH supply for the manufacture of shot and shell during the war with Mexico and the 
Seminole War in Florida. 

The Randolph and I sham Families of Virginia 



Colonel William Randolph was the first of his name in Virginia. Was born in Yorkshire, 
England, about 1651 ; came to Virginia about 1674 and settled on Turkey Island on James River in 
Henrico County. Died at Turkey Island April 10, 1711. Member of the Virginia House of Bur- 
gesses and of the Virginia Colonial Council. Married about 1680. Mary, daughter of Henry Isham 
if Bermuda Hundred on James River, Virginia, and Catherine, his wife, whose maiden name is 
unknown. Their children were: William. Thomas. Isham, John. Richard. Elizabeth, Mary, Edward, 
and Henry. f .........-" 

Edward Randolph married Miss Groves of Bristol, England. Their children were: Edward, 
-.bo married Lucy Harrison; Elizabeth: Mary, who married Reverend Robert Yates of Pettsworth 
Parish. Gloucester County. Va. Their daughter. Catherine, married, first, John Thornton; second. 
Doctor Robert Wellford. the grandfather of Mildred Henderson Wellford, who married Presley 
i"hornton Lomax. 

The Yates Family of Middlesex County, Virginia 



Reverend Robert Yates, first of the name in Virginia, was rector of Christ, Church in 
Middlesex County from 1699-1704. In the latter year he went back to England. His soi»;'R*ever- 
rnd Bartholomew Yates, was born in 1677. died in 1734; succeeded him as rector of Christ Church. 
-\e was also Professor of Divinity in William and Mary College. Williamsburg. Va. He had three 
ons: Bartholomew. Robert, and William. All three sons became members of the Church of 
mgland and married Randolphs. Reverend Robert Yates married Mary, daughter of Edward 
Randolph (son of William Randolph of Turkey Island, the progenitor of the Randolph family of 
/irginia). The children of Reverend Robert and Mary Randolph Yates were: Robert, who died 
ibout 1800; Bartholomew, who fell at Princeton in 1777; Catherine Randolph, who married, first, 
ohn Thornton, and second. Doctor Robert Wellford. the grandfather of Mildred Henderson 
Cellford who married Presley Thornton Lomax. 



CHAPTER VI 

Sketch of Sir Thomas Lunsford 



Close to the wall of old Bruton Church. Williamsburg. Vs., lies a tomb and over it a ill 
with the inscription: "Under this marble lyeth the body of Thomas Ludwell. Esq., Secretary 
Virginia, who was born at Bruton in the County of Somerset in the Kingdom of England, a 
departed this life in the year 1698; and near this place lie the bodies of Richard Kemp. Esq.. h 
predecessor in the Secretary's office, and Sir Thomas Lunsford, Knight, in memory of whom th 
marble is here placed by Philip Ludwell. Esq.. nephew of the said Thomas Ludwell. Esq.. in t) 
year 1727." This tomb was removed to Bruton Church from "Richneclc." James City Count 
once the estate of Richard Kemp, and later of the Ludwclls. Sir Thomas Lunsford, a* will appea 
married Kemp's widow, and died and was first buried at his wife's home. 

Lunsford was a man whose name at one time was known in almost every hamlet in Englan< 
and who was an object of intense hatred and fear to a large part of the English people. I" 
served the King gallantly in the Civil War, and spent his latter years quietly in Virginia, whe; 
he now lies, almost forgotten in an old country graveyard. To most readers, however, the nan 
will not be entirely strange, it being transmitted to the present day as a christian name among h 
descendants. 

Macauley, in his descriptions of the old Cavaliers, after the Restoration, mentions Lun 
ford's and Goring s exploits, but most familiar of all the allusions to Lunsford is where Scot 
in "Woodstock," makes Roger \X ildrake to have been one of "Lunsford's Baby -eaters." as U 
Puritans called them. Lunsford was, says Clarendon, "a man. though of ancient family i 
Sussex, of very small and decayed fortune, and of no good education." 

Sir Thomas Lunsford. who was born about 1610 and died about 1653. was a member < 
an ancient family in Sussex, he was the son of Thomas Lunsford, of Lunsford and Wilegh, in thi 
county, by his wife Katharine, a daughter of Thomas Fludd, Treasurer of War to Queen Elizabet 
and sister of Robert Fludd, the rosicrucian. The family had been of good estate down to tr 
time of Sir Thomas' grandfather. Sir John, but had been greatly wasted by the father, Thomi 
Lunsford. 

A writer in the "Gentlemen's Magazine," in 1837, says that the Elizabethan mansion < 
Wilegh, Whilegh or Wiley, still existed at that time as a farmhouse, though its exterior had neithi 
a very striking or antiquated appearance. There was a large parlor, wainscotted, but sine 
painted white, about thirty feet long, where the date. 1587. remained on the chimney pieo 
Some of the bed-chambers were large and the passages wide. 

Sir Thomas Lunsford appears to have been in his youth of lawless disposition and violet 
temper. He was charged with killing the deer of his kinsman, Sir Thomas Pelham, and on June 2. 
1632, was fined in the Star Chamber 1,000 pounds to the King and 750 pounds to Pelham. I 
August of that year, probably in revenge, he stopped Pelharn on his way from church and fire 
two balls at .him, which however missed their mark. As Pelham was a man of prominence, thi 
outrage caused considerable stir, and there is a letter from the Earl of Dorset, in which he state 
that the Council would at once take into consideration the affair of that "young outlaw. Ml 
Lunsford, who fears neither God nor man." On August 16, 1633, he was committed to Newgati 

57 




SIR THOMAS LUNSFORD 



whence he escaped in October, 1634. although "ao lame that he can hardly go in a coach. Ii 
hit absence he was outlawed and fined 8.000 pounds. He fled to the Continent and entered th. 
French service. In April. 1636. he was raising a regiment in Picardy. He remained abroai 
about six years, seeing much service in France and the Low Countries, and gained such a reputa 
tion for courage and skill that he was promoted to the command of a regiment of foot. 

Tiring at length of his exile he returned to England in 1639, and lost no time in petitionin 
the King for pardon, which was not only granted (on April 24th). but a large part of his fine wa 
remitted. The next year he held a command in the army sent against the Scots, and distinguish© 
himself at Newburn (where the English were routed) by twice repulsing the enemy and bringin 
off his men and cannon. 

It was soon after this that his name began to be known throughout the length and breadt 
of England. On December 23, 1641, he was appointed Lieutenant of the Tower, which at one 
caused the most intense excitement all over the country. The long contest between Charles an 
the Parliament was fast drawing to a crisis; the terrible Irish rebellion had occurred; the King wi 
suspected of having instigated it, and great numbers of the people believed that he was preparin 
to erect a despotism by force; so when a man like Lunsford, who had no public services to recoa 
mend him. and who had been outlawed, was appointed to such an important position, it was at one 
conceived that he was to be one of the chief agents against the liberties of the people. There wi 
doubtless something of fear, loo, in this outbreak against him, for all who knew him were awaj 
that he was an experienced soldier, and a man of great courage and audacity, and one who. in tr 
words of a contemporary, was "very resolute." But there is absolutely nothing ya show thi 
there was any personal reason for the panic he created and the hatred he excited. His sympathii 
were, of course, all on the side of the King, and he doubtless showed the contempt he seems t 
have felt for the Parliamentarian party; but there is no evidence that he was different from U 
great mass of cavaliers of his stamp, or that he was in any way the wild beast his opponent* ( 
the time described him. Indeed, when at a later period he fell into their hands, they had becon 
conscious of their folly, and no charges of the sort were brought against him. But at the time of h 
appointment, between those who really feared him and those who wished to use his appointmei 
to inflame the people still more against the King, there was a sufficient commotion caused. 

On the 6ame day the Common Council and other citizens of London petitioned the Hou 
of Commons to secure the co-operation of the Lords and remonstrate against his appointmen 
stating that he was a man notorious for outrages and fit for any dangerous attempt. The Cor 
mons. who entirely agreed with the Londoners on this question, forwarded the petition to tl 
Lords, with additional reasons of their own; that Colonel Lunsford \sas of decayed and despera 
fortune, and that he did not go to church. They also cited his early offences. The Lords refu* 
to agree, thinking that such an appointment was part of the King's prerogative, whereupon t. 
Commons unanimously passed another resolution declaring that Lunsford was unfit for his po 
tion, and a man they could not trust; stating that from fear the merchants had withdrawn thi 
bullion from the mint and would not unload their ships. On December 26th. the loyal Lord May 
Curney having informed the King that the 'p fcnt * ces w cre preparing to attack the Tower, he wi 
induced to remove Lunsford but as a recompense knighted him two days afterwards. 

During this excitement, and long afterwards, every means that ingenuity could devise 
malice execute was employed to excite the populace against the object of Charles favor. He w 
accused of being one of an imaginary band of murderers who were to assassinate many of the Lor 
and Commons; letters were dropped about the streets, and afterwards published, which purport 
to be addressed to him, implicating him in all sorts of plots against the people and the Protesta 
religion, and it was even currently reported, and fully believed by many a Puritan, that he war 
cannibal and ate children. Among the pictorial attacks on him was one representing him in t 
act of cutting a child into steaks; another, a large caricature which was published in 1642. sho 
him in armor and behind him his soldiers, burning towns and murdering women and childn 

60 



lie political versifiers too took their share in the attack upon him. Beneath the last-mentioned 

'icture are the lines: 

I'll kelp to kill and pill.ge and destroy 
All ih« oppoeers of the Prelacy. 
My fortunes are grown smsll, my friends are less. 
■ I'll venture therefore life to have redress: 

By picking, stealing, or by cutting throats. 
Altkougk my practice cross the Kingdom's votes. 



Another sinp: 



From Fielding and from Vavasour. 
Both ill-affected meat. 
From Luntford eke deliver us. 
Who eateth up children. 



Cleveland, the royalist, ridiculing the Roundhead opinion of Lunsford. says: 

The post thst came from Banbury. 
Riding on a red rocket. 
Did tidings tell how Lunsford fell, 
A child's hand in his pocket. 

And in another place: 

They fesr the giblets of his train. 

Even his dog. that four-legged cavalier; 

He thst devours the scraps that Lunsford makes, 

Uliose picture feeds upon a child in steaks. 

These specimens will show how violent was the feeling against him. 

On the day after his removal he went, with a number of officers and others, to West- 
tunster. where the citizens were accustomed to assemble and jeer and threaten the peers and others 
rho passed. A collision followed, as might have been expected, and several persons were wounded: 
tut when all the parties were called to the bar of the House, it seemed that they were all equally 
o blame in the matter, and only a captain was cashiered. 

The peaceful struggle was now almost at an end and upon the failure of the King's attempt 
,0 seize the five members, and his refusal of Lord Digsby's offer to take Lunsford. now Sir Thomas. 
,,nd others, and capture the patriots or kill them. Charles and the Queen left London, and we find 
.unsford one of their escorts. He seems to have commenced at once active measures to raise forces 
'o support the Royal cause, and in consequence, on the 12th of January. 1641. Parliament declared 
.im and Digby traitors. A warrant was issued for his arrest, and an officer proceeded with it to 
'rVindsor. where he then was; but there were so many of his friends there that it was not deemed 
.rodent to attempt to execute it until he left and went on a visit to his father-in-law. whose 
'louse (Billingbere) was in a lonely and secluded situation. Here, after much cautious manoeu- 
vring, the house was surrounded at night by a large posse, and the officer, with a good deal of 
repidation, ventured in and served the warrant. Sir Thomas told hirn he might have saved 
limself trouble and arrested him at Windsor, as he had no idea of resisting, and that if he would 
lismiss his posse he would accompany him in the morning. He was accordingly brought before 
he House, but nothing was done. and. after a short imprisonment, he was bailed. 

In June he was again in arms, and from that time to the end of the war continued to gain 
ll reputation for courage and conduct, and for unshaken loyalty. He rallied six hundred men to 
I [he King's cause at Leicester, and proceeded to York, where Charles was. 

About the end of June he commanded two regiments at the Siege of Hull, and after this 
Iftrvice held a command under the Marquis of Hertford at Wells. At Mendip was stationed a 
parliamentary force of several thousand men under Sir John Homer and others. They com- 
inenced an advance on Wells, but their movement was checked by the defeat of their advance 
Vruard by Lunsford. He effected this by a stratagem. Lunsford himself, with a party of fifty 
,; nen. concealed themselves in a ditch by the road: another mounted party of the same force 
vas drawn up in it. 

60 



ew 



The Roundheads came up. five hundred strong, and attacked the little party of horae. who 
tired without attempting a defense until the enemy was opposite the ambuscade, when, at the « 
moment. Lunsford's party rose up and fired in their faces, and the horse charged. In a fi 
minutes the Parliamentarians were broken and scattered in every direction, leaving a number of 
killed, wounded, and prisoners. Elated by his success Lunsford offered, if the Marquis would 
give him five hundred horse, to attack Horner's main force, but his request was not granted. 

On the 8th of August he. with the Earl of Northampton and others, captured at Banbury 
all the ordnance that the enemy had intended for Warwick Castle, and on the 20th of the same 
month he was made Governor of Sherburne Castle, where he was besieged unsuccessfully by the 
Earl of Bedford. A Parliamentary paper of the time says: "When Colonel Lunsford was sum- 
moned to surrender, he said he would keep the Castle against forty thousand Roundhead soldier*, 
and did not value that number. He is very resolute." When Bedford began to retreat. Luna- 
ford sallied jut from the Castle and tried to surprise him. but was defeated with considerable loss. 

He was then for a short time in Wales, but returned to the King's army in time to take 
part in the desperate battle of Edgehill. where he was unfortunate enough to be captured. He 
was committed to Warwick Castle, and was tried on a charge that when he was Lieutenant ol 
the Tower he intended to deliver it to the enemies of the people. His speech before the com- 
mission that tried him has been preserved. He begins: "I stand here before you a prisoner, 
accused of high treason, and liberty is offered me. 'tis true; but you value it. like the merchant*, 
at such a rate that my fidelity and all that is due to a noble mind must be the price to pur- 
chase it. If 1 lefuse what you propose, racks, torture, loss of goods, land, and perhaps of life 
itself, is threatened. Hard choice! Yet I must choose. It is in my power to be a freeman. 
but how if 1 will be a slave?" After asserting his innocence and telling them that the devil wu 
the first rebel and Judas the only traitor among the Apostles, he concludes: "For my part 1 art 
in your power. Howsoever you dispose of me. I will never stain mine ancestors, nor leave the 
title of traitor upon my posterity, but will end with the saying of a worthy gentleman. Yoc 
may, when you please, take m y head fr om my shoulders, but not my heart from my * ov ' m *"' 
Nothing came of this prosecution, and he was exchanged, but barely escaped Lcmg murdered b) 
some Puritan fanatics as he left his prison. He immediately took up arms again and was mad. 
one of the Governors of Oxford, which he left on the 6th of July with eight hundred men tc 
relieve Greenland House, then besieged by about double that number of the er.emy. This wai 
very successfully accomplished. After capturing all of a small party sent to ambush him. h< 
made a fierce attack on the besiegers, completely scattered them and provisioned the garrison 
He then took part in the capture of Bristol, and was made Lieutenant-Governor; was Govern* 
of Monmouth in March. 1644. and while holding that position cleared all that part of the countrj 
of the Parliamentarians, captured in various raids two guns, a great store of provisions, and thro 
thousand head of cattle. This career of success was stopped by his defeat on the 4th of Juhe 
with a loss of four hundred men. This defeat, which was said to have been caused by conflic 
of opinion between officers, does not seem to have cost Lunsford any loss of reputation, for shortlj 
after we find the Royalist writers speaking of him in high terms. After the battle of Naseby h. 
was sent to Wales to raise troops, but was again captured with many others, at the surprise o 
Hertford. December 8th. and on the 20th was again ordered to the Tower for treason. How h. 
obtained his release is not known, but he was at liberty before June 29. 1648; for there is a lettei 
of that date from him to the Prince of Wales telling him he had not been idle, and that ,f a com 
mission to raise men was sent him he thought he could be of service; and in December. 1648. h. 
was at Amsterdam ready to cross to England, but in January. 1649. the King was beheaded, am 
the great mass of adherents gave up the Royal cause as lost. 

Lunsford. who had been created a baronet in 1647 (though the patent was never issued) 
now. like many other cavaliers, sought a refuge in the colony of Virginia, which still held ou 

for the King. . , 

Colonel Henry Norwood, who has left an account of his voyage to Virginia with two othea 
cavalier officers, says that he found at Captain Ralph Wormeley's several friends and brothe 
officers who had shortly before come from England. They were Colonels Philip Honeywood. Mam 



61 




COLONEL HENRY LUNSFOBD 



waring Himmon, Sir Henry Chichely. who had just been released from the Tower (when Colon 
Eusebius Andrews, arrested at the same time, had been beheaded) and Sir Thomas Lunsford. 

Released from the perils which surrounded them in England and received with open am 
by the Virginians, it may well be believed that there was high feasting, as Norwood says. 

By the latter part of the next year Lunsford had brought his family to Virginia and 
October. 1650, there is recorded a patent to him for three thousand four hundred and twent 
three acres on the Rappahannock River. Among the names mentioned in the patent are "Tl 
Lady Lunsford" and her daughters "Mrs. Elizabeth," "Mrs. Philipa." and "Mrs. Mary." Th 
Lady Lunsford. who was his second wife. Katharine, daughter of Sir Henry Neville, of Billin 
bere. Berkshire, died not long after her arrival. 

When Governor Berkeley was expecting an attack from the Parliamentary forces such 
noted soldier as Lunsford could not be overlooked. In a list of members of the Council preset 
November I, 1651. appears the name of Sir Thomas Lunsford. Lieutenant-Central. He, of cours 
retired from the Council on the surrender of the Parliamentary authorities. He died about 165 
as in that year is an order among the English records appointing Lady Neville, the grandmolb 
of the daughters of the second marriage, their guardian. They had no doubt returned to En) 
land. Among the few remaining entries in the records of Virginia Ceneral Court is one date 
in 1670. stating that there was living in England three daughters of Sir Thomas Lunsford by 
former marriage, and by a later marriage in Virginia, one daughter. Katharine, who was tl 
heir to his Virginia estate. 

Sir Thomas married in Virginia a third wife. She was Elizabeth, widow of Richard Kem 
of "Richncck," James City County. By this marriage he had one child, Katharine, who ma 
ried Ralph Wormeley of "Rose Gill," Middlesex County (his fir6t wife). In the very old and wor 
register of the Christ Church parish her death is recorded as follows: "The Honorable Lad 
Madam Katharine Wormeley Wife to the Hon'ble Ralph Wormeley Esq'r Departed this lil 
17th of May 1685 & was buried in the Chancell of the Great Church betweene ye Hon'ble S 
Henry Chichely • • • " There were two children by this marriage. ■ First. Elizabeth, wh 
married John Lomax. Second. Katharine, who married Gawin Corbin. but left no issue. Th 
old Bible of the Lomax family records her marriage, "married June 1st. 1703, John Lomax an 
Elizabeth Wormeley daughter of the Hon. Ralph Wormeley and Katharine Lunsford. only daught* 
of Sir Thomas Lunsford." 

"The Lady Lunsford" was living in Lancaster County in 1655. In 1658 in the sam 
county. Lady Lunsford was taxed on fourteen tithables. There is a deed dated April 28. I65< 
recorded from Dame Elizabeth Lunsford to her loving friend Richard Lee. She was married agai 
to Major General Robert Smith of Middlesex County. 

The land Lunsford patented on Rappahannock River was named "Portobago," and wa 
at first in Lancaster and afterwards in Rappahannock. Essex and Caroline counties. It was Ion 
the seat of the Lomax family, descendants of the Patentee. Their descendants have miniatur 
portraits of Sir Thomas and his brother Sir Henry. There is or was a full length of him in arrnoui 
at Audley End. England, and a print in the British Museum, which has been reproduced in I 
London edition of Hudibras. Sir Thomas had two brothers, who were likewise distinguishe> 
Royalist officers; Colonel Henry, whom Clarendon calls an officer of "great sobriety, wisdon 
and courage." was killed leading a charge at the capture of Bristol, and Sir Herbert, a twii 
brother of Thomas, who like him served in Germany and France and in the Royal army in whicl 
he held the rank of Colonel, and was again in the French service where he commanded three regi 
ments in 1658. (See Dictionary of National Biography and Gentlemen's Magazine, for 1836 
Vol. 17 No. I January. 1909. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography.) 



S3 



mim**^* 



ii mm i i im^mmmm 



*mm 




«*sf> 




L 



ii. ■ ■ - — 



THE HONORABLE JOHN TAYLOE 
BORN MAY 2». 1721. 






CHAPTER VII 
Sketch of the Honorable John Tayloe 



Extract, pages 344 to 347, of the Memoirs of 
Benjamin Ogle Tayloe 



The Honorable John Tayloe. son of the first Colonel John Tayloe bom May 28th. I7J 
is known as the founder of Mt. Airy, where he erected, in 1758 (*), trie magnificent family mi 
sion so memorable in the social annals of Virginia, and now the residence of his great-grandson. 

He married, July Nth, 1 747, Rebecca, daughter of the Honorable George Plater of Sotter 
St.' Marys County, Maryland, and was the father of twelve children, of whom one son and eig 
daughters survived him. Mr. Tayloe was a member of the King's Council in 1776. under Lc 
Dunmore. and of the first Republican Council under Governor Henry. A friend of Gene 
Washington, he was associated with him as the executor of one of the Lee's, the devisor of a lai 
estate, upon which subject General Washington, transferring to him the charge thereof, address 
to him a circumstantial memoir, dated at the interesting period when his headquarters were ' 
Cambridge. Massachusetts. He was distinguished on the turf, at Annapolis and in Virgin , 
and the owner of "Yorick," the most famous racer of his day, "Jolly Roger." "Jenny Cameron , 
and other celebrated horses. 

In Bishop Meade's "Old Churches and Families of Virginia" is inserted an interesting letl 
from ,-iUbtin Brockcnbrough, Esq.. an American Loyalist, who returned from England to Virgir 
in 1782. The letter was written on board the "Flag," in the Potomac River, and addressed 
Mrs. Tayloe. of Mt. Airy. The following extract contains a glowing tribute to the character ^ 
her deceased husband: 

My prayers. God Help me! for seven long year* have availed nothing: yet I shall 
cordially offer them that Great Britain and America be again cemented by mutual in- 
terests and that the honorable peace may toon take place. Should it be otherwiae. I 
hope the din of war will never approach so near Mt. Airy as to produce the least dis- 
quietude or in any manner disturb your repose. May your son be a great comfort to 
you. I am told he very much resembles his papa, and I most sincerely wish he may 
emulate his good qualities and eminent virtues. To surpass them can scarcely be 
expected— that so rarely falling to the lot of man. I cannot, dear madam, help being 
highly interested in the welfare of a youth whose father always took pleasure in render- 
ing my family his best services and laid me under particular obligations, and gave the 
most lively instance of generosity and humanity, unsolicited, at a time when party 
prejudices ran high against me and in the moment when I was reduced to the most 
lamentable and critical situation that man could be driven into. 

(*) Mr. W. H. Tayloe. a direct descendant of the Honorable John Tayloe. and present owner tt V 
Airy, says this date should I* 1747. according to his records. 



The followint letter, addressed by Colonel Tayloe to Ralph Wormeley. Esq.. of Rose Gill. 
n the intended marriage of a daughter of the writer to a son of the latter, exhibits his anxiety for 
is children's welfare in a very favorable light: 

Dear Sir: 

Mr». Lee left • packet of great consequence to me in the chamber where the slept at 
your house, which 1 am obli«ed to tend for. Therefore have the more tpeedy opportunity 
oi returning my sincere thank, for your friendly letter by your aon. who is well, ami 
mine. I thank Cod. much belter than he ha» been, though much reduced and looks v*ry 
badly; but hope, at hit thruth it gone, when hit teeth come out he may mend fait, and 
hope to hear your lady it perfectly recovered and all the rett of your family weU. 

The Provition you propose for your ton in your lifetime, with what will be hit after, 
it aatitf.ctory to me. provided it be not too heavily encumbered with leg.ciet and debta. 
and it it necettary to guard againtt any want that may possibly happen; therefore 
approve of >our proposal witS respect to a settlement, in case you should survive your 
son. in either way you please. I only wish my daughters change in life to be made com- 
fortable to her and guarded againtt every contingency. I am satisfied she can live 
happily with you. yet my tenderness for her creates feart. I mutt own. and hope they 
may never be more. But the tubject it too tender to tpeak more plainly upon. I pro- 
posed the only mode in my power to give my daughter a fortune, and if not accepted I 
will not engage to do what dependt on the will of othert and not my own; for it will Dot 
tuit my convenience to pay her fortune in any other manner than from rr.oneyt due me. 
of which I have not been able to collect a sufficiency to pay my eldeat daughter"! fortune, 
who. though in affluence, it yet entitled to the preference and mutt have it from me unleaa 
otherwise proposed by her husband, or thall think I do not do justice. My second is 
otherwise provided for. Nsnnie stands neat in turn but. having no offer >et. may be pro- 
vided for in lime, perhaps as toon at wanted. My desire it to make my children at 
happy at 1 can and at soon as possible. 

Our best respects attend your family. 

I am. dear tir, your obedient humble servant. 

fsgdl John Tayloe. 

Mi. Airy. Aug. 4th. 1772. 

Colonel Tayloe died suddenly on the 18th of April. 1779. His elder brother William died in 
1726. at the age of ten years. His eldest sister Elizabeth married Colonel Richard Corbin. of 
Laneville. in King and Queen. President of the King's Council and Receiver of the King's 
Quit Rents, in Virginia, in 1776. His youngest sister. Ann Corbin. married Colonel Mann Page 
»f Rostwell. in Glcucester. son of Colonel Mann Page, who erected that superb mansion in the 
early part of the eighteenth century, the cost of which was so great that his son was compelled to 
sell twenty-four thousand acres of land to pay the debt incurred by its erection. 

The v,ill of the first Colonel John Tayloe of Mt. Airy was executed the 226 of May. 1773; 
proved fifth of July. 1779. by Ralph Wormeley. Francis L. Lee. Warner Louis. Jr.. and Mann 
Page. Jr.. the executors. 

Colonel Tayloe. as a member of the King's Council, had a town house at Williamsburg, the 
capitol of Virginia, for his winter residence. Here and at Mt. Airy he was renowned for his 
hospitality. He had ajjand at Mt. Airy, composed ofjtis own servants, whom he had instructed^ 
in music for~tneTntertainment of his guests. Lord Dunmore. Royal Governor of Virginia, was a 
visitor aTMt. Airy a few years before the breaking out of hostilities in 1776. 



CHAPTER VIII 

Old Octagon House and the Old Menokin Manor 

Old Octagon House 

A Century Has Not Marred It* Great Beauty. 

ERECTED BY JOHN TAYLOE 

Wat Home of the President After Burning of White House by the British 

in Year 1814. Now Occupied by Local Chapter of 

American Institute of Architects. 



Glenn Brown, the well-known Washington architect, contributes the following article upo 
the Octagon House to the current number of the National Contractor and Builder: 

The Octagon House, at the corner of New York Avenue and Eighteenth Street. Washington 
D. C. erected by Colonel John Tayloe. was commenced in 1798 and completed in 1800. 

During the process of its erection General George Washington often visited the building. H 
took a lively interest in the house, it being the home of his friend, as well as one of the finest resi 
dences in the country at the time. After the year 1814, the British having burned the Whit 
House. President James Madison occupied the Octagon, and during his occupancy the Treaty o 
Ghent, which closed our second war with England, was signed by him in the circular room, whid 
is now used as the secretary's office of the American Institute of Architects. 

The house is well built, of brick, trimmed with Aquia Creek sandstone. The lot is tri 
angular in form and fenced in by a high brick wall. The kitchen, stable and out-houses are buil 
of brick and accommodated a large number of both servants and horses. Colonel Tayloe being i 
noted turfman and keeping many fine running horses. The building and walls conform to trM 
street lines, showing that the streets were accurately laid off even at that early date. 

The interior was elaborately finished, the doors of the first story being of mahogany. They 
are still in an excellent state of preservation. All the work in the circular vestibule coincides with 
the circumference of the tower, the doors, sash, and glass being made on the circle, and all art 
still in working ordrr. The parlor mantel is made of a fine cement composition, painted white. 
The remains of goldleaf show in some of the relieved portions, and the figures are excellent, evidently 
having been modeled by some good artist. The mantels in the bedrooms are of wood, the ornamen- 
tation being putty stucco. 

Leading into the back hall and dining room are two secret doors, in which the washboard*, 
chairboards. etc.. run across the door, being ingeniously cut some distance from the actual door, 
no keyholes, hinges, or openings showing on the blind side. The knobs and shutter button* are of 
brass and evidently of a special pattern. Two old cast-iron wood stoves still stand in the niches) 
prepared for them in the vestibule. 



67 



Bishop Mead, in his "Old Churches. Ministers, and Families of Virginia." tells us that William 
/lor of England settled in Virginia in 1650 and changed his name from Taylor to Tayloe. John 
,-loe. his son. who was a member of the House of Burgesses, founded the noted estate of Mount 
y. Virginia. He had twelve children, one of whom, the third in descent from William. Colonel 
n Tayloe. built the old Octagon House. Washington D. C. The Tayloes intermarried with the 
rbins. the Beverleys. the Lees, and Washingtons. the Carters, the Lomaxes. the Pages, and nearly 
ry other prominent family of Virginia. The mother of Colonel John Tayloe of the Octagon 
use wit a daughter of Colonel George Plater of Maryland, and his wife was Ann. daughter of 
njamin Ogle. Governor of Maryland. 

For those days. Colonel John Tayloe (commissioned by Washington in the Revolution) wa» 
•ery wealthy man. having at the age of twenty an income of nearly $60,000 a year, and when the 
tagon was built he had an income of $75,000 a year. His eldest son. John, was in the navy and 
s distinguished in the battles of the "Constitution" with the "Guerriere." and the "Cyane" 
the Levant. 

The memoirs of Benjamin Ogle Tayloe state that Colonel John Tayloe of the Octagon House 
a an intimate friend of General George Washington, and it was on the advice of the General that 
e Octagon was built in Washington City. Colonel Tayloe having previously determined to build 
I winter residence in Philadelphia. 

At this period Colonel John Tayloe was distinguished for the unrivaled splendor of his house- 
Id and equipages, and his establishment was renowned throughout the country for its entertain- 
ents. which were given in a most generous manner to all persons of distinction who visited Wash- 
gton in those days, both Americans and foreigners. In this list are included such names as 
iferson (Washington had passed away before its completion), Madison. Monroe. John Quincy 
lams. Decatur. Porter. Webster. Clay. Calhoun. Randolph. Lafayette. Steuben, and Sir Edward 
iornton. British Minister and father of the recent British Minister, and many others of less 
.tinction than the ones named. Colonel John Tayloe died in 1828. and his death to a certain 
tent terminated the splendid hospitality of the Octagon which had covered a period of nearly 
irty years. (From Washington. D. C. Herald. October 4. 1908.) 

The Old Menokin Manor 
Richmond County, Virginia 



The old Menokin Manor, formerly belonged to Colonel John Tayloe of Mount Airy. Rich- 
ond County. Virginia, and the deed of gift from Colonel John Tayloe conveying it to his daughter 
ebecca, who married the Honorable Francis Lightfoot Lee, one of the signers of the Declaration of 
^dependence, bears date September 4. 1778. and says, "containing by estimation 1.000 acres." 

Mr. and Mrs. Lee died within a few hours of each other. April 3. 1797. The property 
len. or soon after, passed to Mrs. Lee's sister, Ann Corbin. who was married to Thomas Lomax. 
lis son, John Tayloe Lomax. took. poMcssion in 1805 and resided there until 1818. removing 
hence to Fredericksburg. 

The buildings here were erected in 1778-79. and are composed of massive blocks of native 
sndstone. The house has a somewhat isolated and lonely situation, being nearly a mile from the 
ublic road, but has wild and picturesque surroundings, where the highlands covered with timber 
reak into wide and deep ravines, or descend with a rapid fall to the broad marshes fringing 
'lenokin Creek. 

The country place called "Opies" in Richmond County. Virginia, comprised about 500 
ere* of ground, and adjoined the old Menokin Manor, and was the country place of Presley 
"hornton Lomax in the early fifties. The property is on the south side of the main road 
eading from the town of Warsaw to Menokin Mill, about two miles distant. 



tid 






. 



CHAPTER IX 

Fredericksburg 
Spotsylvania County, Virginia 



Fredericksburg to-day has the charming atmosphere of Fredericksburg of yesterday, 
is about it a serenity, a beauty, and withal a romantic and tragic history which enchain r 
and removes the bustling, tireless world into another and a newer age. 

One drives along its wide streets, under the green arches of old trees, and one in '.X, 
sees colonial men and maids step along in quaint attire. The picture changes; now it it !* 
and war, the tramp of horses, the boom of cannon, the wild charge of Burnside's men up Fe*. 
Hill to Marye's Heights, and again it is 1910. Peace reigns; men and maidens gaily waht 
street, but above them and around them are throbs and bruises which only time can cure. fq 

Fredericksburg is rich in old houses, large comfortable homes with yards full of trees* 
flowers. 

Some claim that Captain John Smith visited the spot on which the old town standi r 
picturesque spot, with its hills and dales, and its bold tawny river. However that may be ; 
tain it is that since 1622 Fredericksburg, or rather the locality of Fredericksburg, has been ir >. 
tant, although there was no large settlement there until 1727. 

Fredericksburg is named for Frederick, Prince of Wales, son of George II. anda 
streets were mostly named for the Royal family: "Sophia Street," for George H's sister; * 4 (j| 
line" for his wife; "Princess Ann" for one of his daughters, and "Prince Edward" for his gram* 
etc. 

In this old city with its suggestions of England's Royal family, many of the VirgSj 
aristi • racy chose to dwell. In and about it were the Fitzhughs. the Mercers, the Weedonill 
Greens, the Seddons. the Wellfords. the Littles, the Forbes, the Lomaxes. and many otfl 

Mary, the mother of Washington, lived in Fredericksburg. George Washington pi a 
about the streets when a boy, though at that time his mother lived across the river; and nca 
a person than James Monroe once lived here too. 

To-day the colored driver awaits the train, hands the visitor into his open carriage. v 
sings the praises of his town. First one must drive to Mary Washington's house, rwo-stiB 
and plain, but solid and comfortable. It is of a dull yellow tone and a sign upon its time-'fl 
walls tells the stranger that it is now owned by the Association for the Preservation of Virji 
Antiquities. 

The "Sun Rise" Inn is the old tavern where Washington, Lafayette, Rochambeau, a 
John Randolph of Roanoke, Mason. Madison, and Monroe have slept. From it hangs a cuii 
old 6ign. on which is painted the rising sun. It. too. belongs to the Association for the Prt 
vation of Virginia Antiquities. J 

The driver takes his visitors along the shady streets, by gardens full of gay flower*. I 
by "Kenmore." where Betty Lewis. George Washington's sister, lived. Here stands an an<« 
sundial and the hours that it has marked would be hard to number. 

Beside a huge boulder overhanging the Rappahannock in Fredericksburg. \ 

69 



tshington frequently knelt to pray and the requested to be buried there when she died. Here 
in di her »p!endid monument, the f ift of the nation. 

Near Fredericksburg, indeed just out of the limits of the town, are Chatham, the mag- 
lieent home of the Fitzhugha. lately restored to its first splendor by Mr. Randolph Howard, 
to has purchased it; "Fall Hill." the home of the Taylor* and "Snowden." owned and occu- 
•d by Frank Cueat. Eaq. //ifV^^£ - 

St. George's Episcopal Church is one of the landmarks of Fredericksburg. St. George • 
,rish once embraced the whole of Spotsylvania County. There have been three buildings on the 
me site- the present one is spired, dignified and churchly; the churchyard is full of ancient tombs. 

One of the most interesting spots in Fredericksburg is the lower end of Main Street, where 
veral long, low houses stand in large yards and back of them terraced gardens fall to the nver'a 

The locality is changed. The gardens no longer blaze with flowers of every size and hue 
it there is enough left to speak plainly of the past. Here stands the "Sentry Box." where General 
eorge Weedon and General Hugh Mercer successively dwelt, and here. too. are the houses where 
red the Wellfords and the Seddons. 

The rambling wooden house with the tangled garden falling to the Rappahannock, in which 
e Wellfords lived, has long since gone out of the family, but there is a certain charm for the 
acendants in the comfortable old house with the "falling garden." These old homes on the 
appahannock and also within the town were unusual and attractive, and many are the tales 
hich the "o!d folk" tell of the "good times" passed within their kindly fold. Robert Wellford 
Ved in the old house on the river and the scions of the house built other homes in Fredericksburg. 
>ing in the midst of the town and erecting solid brick houses full of hospitality and comfort. 
he oldest son. John Spotswood Wellford. lived on George Street, near Princess Ann. and the 
ther Wellford homes, as well as the home of Judge John Tayloe Lomax. clustered in the street* 
round. George Street is parallel with Hanover Street and on each side are Princess Ann and 
rincess Charlotte and upon this square the later Wellfords and the Lomaxes lived. At the 
jrner of George and Princess Ann streets stood the Presbyterian church on land donated by 
ie Wellfords. who were among its most devoted worshippers. The Wellfords were always Pres- 
ytenar.s and went to a brick building on Amelia Street first, and later to the church on George 

The scenery around Fredericksburg is very beautiful. Across the Free Bridge one drives 
ver the Rappahannock River to Stafford Heights. No better field was ever planned by the hand 
f God for an artillery battle than Marye s Heights, where "Greek met Greek" in 1862. and stately 
."hatham upon her hills sits like a queen upon her throne. 

At Cuinea's station near Fredericksburg stands the house where "Stonewall Jackson died 
iter the fatal battle of Chancellorsville. 

Fredericksburg is full of material for the poet and the dramatist, and he who carries in 
tis veins the blood of a citizen of the old burg, bears a priceless heritage. 



70 



CHAPTER X 

Rose Gill 
Middlesex County, Virginia 



In all the Southland there is no more beautiful river than the Rappahannock. Narrow 
at Fredericksburg, cutting its way by turns and curves between its vine-clad hills, it broadens 
out to five miles before it reaches the Chesapeake. All along its banks stately homes arise, homes 
which made the history of the people. The plantations smiling in their midsummer plenty, ail 
upon their hills with a pride and friendliness typical of Virginia. We see "Little Falls." the home 
of the Morsons; "Smithfield," the homeof the Bernards; "Travellers Rest," the home of the Grays; 
"Albion." the home of the Strothers; "Belvidere." the home of the Tayloes; "Hayfield." anothei 
Tayloe home; "Cleve." the home of the Carters; "Canning," the home of the Smiths; "Bellevue," 
"Walsingham" and "Oakenbrow," magnificent homes of the Turners; "Nanzattico." the home ol 
the Tayloes; Port Royal, the lovely village, with the stately homes of the Lightfoots, the Morsons, 
the Brockenbroughs, the Fitz Hughs, the Peytons and the Thorntons; Portobago. the "Lomax- 
land," jutting out into the water, bounded by long green marshes; Port Micou, lush and green with 
its wide fields (two chimneys alone there tell where the house has been, and Portobago has not 
even these); "Blandfield." the home of the Beverleys, with its splendid brick mansion standing 
amidst four thousand acres; "Mount Airy," the Tayloe home, and last but not least. "Rose Gill." 
where five generations of Wormeleys lived in exceeding state. These fine residences strung along' 
the river like stately sentinels of field and forest, give the Rappahannock a distinctive and fasci- 
nating beauty. 

To get to Rose Gill the traveller must land at Urbanna. Middlesex County. Virginia, 
a pretty and prosperous village lying on Urbanna or Wormeleys Creek, which separates it from 
Rose Gill. Mine host of the Urbanna hotel furnishes conveyance which takes the traveller to 
the magnificent estate once held by the Wormeley's. but now owned by Judge Cochrane of 
Williamsport. Pa., to whom all Virginians and especially all scions of old Rose Gill should yield 
abundant honor. He. with his great wealth and good taste, has restored Ro6* Gill with the 
greatest fidelity, and it stands to-day perhaps the very finest specimen of colonial architecture in' 
the State of Virginia, certainly as fine as any house now standing and the grounds and crops arc 
remarkable for their beauty and extent. 

From Urbanna to Rose Gill is over a long bridge which spans Urbanna Creek; then the 
road climbs a red hill bordered with trees and riotous wild flowers, then runs straight through • 
dense forest to Rose Gill Gate, which, open wide upon two tall green gate-posts, proclaiming in 
its own peculiar language. "Welcome to Rose Gill!" Within the vast estate the road in splen- 
did condition curves gradually between rich fields of golden wheat, stretches of vivid clove 
and acres of waving corn, by vine-clad dells, under towering trees to the Rose Gill lawn, which, 
immense in area and of velvety smoothness, falls in a plane on all sides from the Mansion House 
itself. Upon this level plateau tower magnificent forest trees, elms, maples, lindens, poplars, 
umbrella trees, and the paper mulberry, the last by some peculiar care trained into wonderful 

71 



eauty and luxuriance. Old-f.th.oncd flowera touch the old mellow building, and give • daah 
f color to brick and mortar. Here are hollyhockt. there na»turtiumi. rose, bloom everywhere. 
nd vines hug the old mansion with a tenacious tenderne^. Through the wide-open door, the 
uitor sees the bold Rappahannock rolling in majesty around the vast lawn. The nver «t Rose 
'ill is five mile. wide. Rose Cill "just so" is a satisfying experience, but when a beautiful girl, 
iivinely tall and most divinely fair, explains its traditions and displays its attractions, it at once 
♦comes a palace with a fairy disclosing its loveliness. 

Miss Cochrane, the daughter of the owner of the place, dispenses true Virginia hospitality. 
n d by her ease, elegance, and courtesy, places herself among those grande dames who long, long 
jo were the chatelaines of Rose Gill. 

On one side of this old house stands the laundry, on the other side the kitchen; both are 
.andsome houses of brick with long small-paned windows and pretty porches, quite good enough 
or the -esidence of a small family. The kitchen is as it was when the fine dinners of the Wormdey. 
*cre cooked therein. The same high andirons adorn it. the same huge spit, the same yawning 
replace from which the choice viands went to the 'great house" to furnish the Wormeley table, 
fhis is now used by the Cochranes as a sort of banquet hall. 1 1 is furnished with settees and opens 
nto a smaller room which is fitted up as a little dining room, and here, when large house parties 
lather at Rose Gill, the young foll>s meet for oyster roasts and such unceremonious feasts as would 
* out of place in the Rose Gill dining room. The front of the house is entered by a square 
»rch literally covered with honeysuckle; it is floored with stone and leads to a hall, wainscotted 
ind high; on the right is a beautiful room wainscotted from ceiling to floor with a moss-colored 
»ocd The furnishings correspond with the date of the house and are very handsome. This room 
>pens into the grand dining room, from which four large v. indows give a view of the lawn ; each window 
n the house has a broad cushioned window seat and consists of many small panes of glass. From 
he dining room a door leads on the east to a vine-clad square porch which looks to the laundry, 
rhis grand dining room is panelled with solid maho E any which shines like a wcll-rubbcd table and 
U furniture is also of massive mahogany. On the left of the great hall mentioned above is a 
ibrary panelled with oak. beautifully grained This opens to the large drawing room with four 
arge windows. Both rooms are furnished with taste and have an artistic value as they suit the 
period of the house. The dining room, morning room, entrance hall, library and drawing room all 
>pen on a grand baronial hall *hich runs across the northern end of the house. This hall is mag- 
nificent. On each end is a beautiful stairway; a north door opens on a portico; while the east and 
■vest doors open on square porches. In the hall are eight windows with cushioned seats. It is 
furnished elegantly and harmoniously. The west porch is covered with ivy which Mrs. Cochrane 
brought from Blarney Castle. 

Up*«airs there are four great chambers and two small ones, and the hall runs like the large 
one below, the windows giving a magnificent view of the Rappahannock River. The garret 
iM one vast apartment containing eighteen beds and a bath room, and is used for bachelor guest, 
during house parties. The grounds are very interesting. Towards Urbanna Creek there is 
a honeysuckle "tangle" which has never been touched, and the lovely vine makes a thick carpet 
and covers the tree, like a great shawl. The land dips to Urbanna Creek, which binds the west- 
ern portion of the estate and makes a fine harbor for the launches which rest here. On the east- 
ern s.de of the estate is Rose Gill Mill, and the mill pond, with its scallops thickly hedged with fine 
tree, and festooned with vines, is considered the most beautiful in Virginia. 

Beyond the mill is Christ Church , where theWormeleys repose beneath splendid monument.. 

Upstairs at Rose Gill, the wainscotting goes only half way. and the stairway to the attic 
winds narrow but with grace. 

On the velvet turf proud peafowl strutted as of yore, and the quaker guinea fowl nervou.ly 
picked the grass, while flocks of turkeys roamed the grassy fields. 

To behold Rose Gill is to reverence its builder, and the material beauty of this old Virginia 
homestead is a real spiritual uplift. The large and beautiful ideals of the old plantation turn 
one to the Almighty hand which fashioned the smiling fields and the bold, blue river. 



72 



Rose Gill was owned by five Wormeleya: Ralph (I). Ralph (2). John (3). Ralph (4). i| 
Ralph (5). Ralph (5) married Eleanor Tayloe and the estate was sold for division among the he, 

The land grant was taken by Ralph (I) in 1640 and remained in the family until some tii 
in the Nineteenth Century. Then it was bought by Mr. Bailey and hcired by nieces of } 
Bailey, who sold it to Judge Cochrane of Pennsylvania, the present owner, for $10,000. 

In 1649. Colonel Henry Norwood, an officer io the English Royal army during the civil wi 
determined with two friends. Major Francis Madison and Major Richard Fox, to come to Virgil 
On September 23. 1649. they embarked in a vessel called the "Virginia Merchant" and ami 
in Virginia in November, and after various adventures on the eastern shore, they crossed 
bay and went to Rose Gill, where Capt. Ralph Wormeley was most hospitably entertaining sevc 
of his friends. These friends were Sir Thomas Lunsford. Sir Philip Honeywood. and Colo 
Manwaring Hammond, all cavalier officers recently arrived from England. The daughter of 
Thomas and the son of his host were subsequently married. One can see the picture to-day 
these da&hing cavaliers discussing the Civil War in England in the candle-lighted drawing 
stately Rose Gill. 



73 



CHAPTER XI 
Northumberland House, Mount Airy, and Port Micou 



Northumberland House 
Northumberland County, Virginia 



Very frequently in old Virginia records is reference made to Northumberland House. 
he residence of the Presleys. once so powerful financially and socially, but the name indeed now and 
»r many years back cannot be found in Virginia. 

The situation of Northumberland House was one of the most beautiful in the country, 
t stood on the banks of the Coan River, which is really a broad, short arm of the Chesapeake 
Jay. and was immediately opposite Point Lookout, in Maryland. 

The house was completely demolished early in the Eighteenth Century. 

When Presley Thornton owned the plantation it comprised eight thousand acres. It passed 
rom the Thorntons to a family of Smiths. The "great house." which tradition says was very 
ine. was destroyed by fire, a fate to which all great Virginian houses seems destined. 






Mount Airy 
Richmond County. Virginia' 



To reach Mount Airy, the stately home of the Tayloes. one must stop at Wellford'a Wharf 
[on the opposite side of the Rappahannock from Portobago and Rose Gill), in Richmond County. 
Warsaw, a small but prosperous village, is the post office. 

Mount Airy was completed in 1747 and stands on an immense hill, a tidewater mountain, 
and its vast fields lie in the valley below. The house is very spacious; there is a portico in front 
and one behind; the front portico opens on a beautiful terrace, which is cut from the rolling 
lawn by a balustrade of red sandstone. Marble steps lead from the lawn to the terrace and from 
the terrace to the portico. From the portico one enters a baronial hall, running entirely through 
the house. On the right is a small hall from which a stairway runs, j nd opening upon it and the main 
hall is the great dining room. On the left there is a large drawing room, and going transversely 
from the big hall to the end of the house is another narrower hall in which is another stairway. 
Across this hall to the back of the house is the library and a sitting room. 

The second story consists of beautiful, airy bedrooms. From this middle mansion on each 
side run corridors of glass to two brick houses containing four rooms. From the back of the house • 
runs a green sunken bowling alley; on each side are beautiful trees and the gardens. The front 
lawn, besides other forest kings, contains a wonderful collection of hollies, cedars and other ever- 
greens. 

The furniture of Mount Airy is ancient and beautiful; the portraits alone are valued at 
$15,000. On the walls are rare prints of racing horses, which won for their masters fame as well a* 
gold. 

74 



The old silver and china coining down from generation to generation are very rare and vei 

handsome. 

In late years, a daughter of the house (for Mount Airy has never passed from the lamil; 

has made of brass, beaten facings for the fireplaces, and the Tayloe arms adorns them all. 

Mr. Henry A. Tayloe. the late owner of Mount Airy, died in 1908. The grand estate 

now owned by his children. 

Port Micou 
Essex County, Virginia 



In 1726. Paul Micou patented Port Micou. lying so proudly on the Rappahannock Ri* 
just below Portobago. 1 1 then contained 1 .284 acres, and in 1 782. Paul Micou. son of the emigrai 
gave it to Paul Micou. Jr.. his nephew. He mentioned, in describing the place, "houses, buildini 
barns, gardens, orchard, woods." but possession is not to be given until the death of this Paul. £ 
the bachelor son of the emigrant. *ho died in 1789. Hancock Lee is a witness to the deed ma 
in 1782. (See Essex Deed Book 33. p. 190.) 

In 1799. Paul Micou. Jr.. and Mary, his wife, sold to William Waring for 1297 a part 
the "port" tract, which was left to him by Paul Micou. Sr. Paul (I) left it to his son Paul ( 
who was a bachelor. This second Paul left it to the oldest son of his brother John. Paul ( 
and Paul (3) left it to his son Paul (4). and this sale of a part of "Port Tract" by this fou i 
Paul is the first sound of alarm that the old grant is going. This fourth Paul was sheriff tni 
1800 to 1802. The second Paul in his *ill requests that no funeral sermon be preached over hn 

In Deed Book 19. p. 218. we find the will of Paul Micou. who had sold part of the "P 
Tract." He died in 1821 and mentions his land and slaves, etc.. bequeathing his property to 
wife Mary, sons John (4) and Albert; Mary. Francis. James S. and Stella, children of his son Pi 
deceased; William Arthur. Mary Eliza. Eleanor. Sukey and Felicia, children of Maria, who marr 
John Micou. This was a long division, and the old estate of Port Micou had to be sod so 
time soon after 1821 ; no one heir could afford to own it. 

There is no house now at Port Micou. and investigation and inquiry could not procure a 
scription of the old homestead. The situation is magnificent; only two gaunt chimneys tell 
tale. The War'ng's. who bought all the land in the vicinity, also purchased this estate. Rob 
Payne Waring left it to his daughter Lucy, who married Richard Baylor, and it is now owi 
by Richard Baylor's son. Richard Baylor. Jr. It was valued in 1860. with houses, hor 
slaves, cic. at $100,000. The Baylors own half of Port Tobago and all of Port Micou. F. 
Micou was next door neighbor to Port Tobago, and it was very easy for Lunsford Lomax. 4 
young heir to Port Tobago, to ride over to see Miss Judith Micou. or to man his barge with strg 
young negroes and have himself rowed from his own landing down the Rappahannock to M 
Judith's landing at Port Micou. Neighbors usually became lovers in those old days. 



7ft 



CHAPTER XII 

Port Tobago 
Caroline County, Virginia 



The name of the great plantation in the Rappahannock Valley was originally Port Tobago; 
Nnmon usage, however, has run the stately name into Portobago. 

The plantation was called for the island "Tobago." where the Spaniards first raised tobacco, 
nd the reason for the Virginia name, doubtless, was the fact that great quantities of tobacco 
ere shipped from the Lunsford estate. 

To reach Port Tobago and Port Micou. twin plantations which hang out in the Rappahannock 
ke circular peninsulas, one must stop at Port Royal a small town on the Rappahannock River. 

Port Tobago, in Virginia, is a magnificent tract of land lying for miles on the left bank of 
ne Rappahannock River, of an acreage of four thousand and more. It consisted of hill and 
ale. marsh land and wooded stretches; the distance from the main road to the house is over a 
lile. The house stood on a hill overlooking the river. Around it were fine trees, gardens and 
rchards. 

The house was after the best pattern of the late Seventeenth and early Eighteenth Century 
ouses. The date of its erection is not known. 

A lady in Port Royal, a small village, seven miles distant from Port Tobago, who remembers 
le old house distinctly, says: "It was of brick, and the first story consisted of four rooms and a great 
all, with long wings extending each side of the main building. The two drawing rooms were 
rparated by folding doors. There was a large library and a fine dining room. The house was 
ainscotted, and very curiously the mirrors were let in under the high mantel pieces, and from the 
tantc) piece to the ceiling was carved wainscotting. The stairway was so broad that three 
rown people could easily walk up abreast. There was a broad landing and then the stairway 
racefully curved to the second floor, on which were the bed chambers and living rooms. The 
ardens in the olden days were especially fine, and the flowers, evergreens and shady bowers 
ere famous all over the country." 

Sir Thomas Lunsford left this water-girt principality to his daughter Katharine, who 
tarried Ralph Wormeley and she left it to her children, Elizabeth and Katharine Wormcley. 
Jizabcth married John Lomax; Katharine married Cawin Corbin and died childless soon after 
er marriage. Cawin Corbin evidently inherited a life interest in this Portobago land by his wife. 
>r "Indentures." etc.. are found at Tappahannock. where the old Essex records are kept, which 
ould maintain this conclusion. It may be well to say just here that it is most probable that Sir 
"hornas Lunsford never built anything more than a very simple house at Portobago, for it was 
ben. indeed, in the frontier wilderness. John Lomax afterwards built the first "great" house. 

An indenture was made July 8. 1704, between John Lomax of Essex. Centleman, and 
Jizabeth his wife, late Elizabeth Wormeley, daughter of Ralph Wormeley, Esq., deceased, and 
ohn Taliaferro of same county, "Whereas as a marriage hath been lately had and solemnized 
etween said John and Elizabeth, they the said John and Elizabeth by their bargain and sale for 
ansidcration of five shillings, did bargain and sell unto said John Taliaferro that tract of land 

It 



known by name of Portobago in Counly of Em«, containing 3.400 acre*, late in possession of Johr 
Lomax and Elizabeth his wife, and Gawin Corbin of Middlesex, together with houses, edifices* 
buildings, barns, tobacco houses, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, etc. Also land in Cloucesteif 
County. Va.. four hundred acres lately held by Samuel Smith and Ann his wife. Such as was givwf' 
to Elizabeth Lomax by Thomas Dawkins. formerly husband of said Ann Smith. At the deatl 
of John Lomax and Elizabeth his wife to go to the heirs of said John to be used in behoof of I 
heirs of ye said John Lomax on the body of ye said Elizabeth begotten forever males and females 
and if said Elizabeth survive John Lomax the heirs o? her r.cxt marriage shall also inherit ye land * 

John Lomax 
Elizabeth Lomax. 

Cawin Corbin most probably had a life interest in a part of Portobago on account of tk 
inheritance of his wife, and this indenture was to fix the amount. His wife had evidently die. 
before 1704. She left no children. 

On April 9. 1707. there was made another indenture between John Lomax and Elizabeth 
his wife, of the one part and Gawin Corbin of the second part, whereby five hundred acres of Ian 
is deeded to the latter, viz.: "An island with sunken ground and marsh adjoining being in th 
bounds of a patent granted to Sir Thomas Lunsford knight and baronet. October 24. 1650.*' Fo 
it Gawin Corbin pays 1100 on August. 1707. There is another indenture between John and Elu 
abeth Lomax and Gawin Corbin. the latter paying ten shillings for "330 acres of land in the Paris 
of St. Ann's in Essex County, bounded by Rappahannock River in front on upper end of Portobag 
Creek and the land lately purchased by Gawin Corbin and on the back part of the back lines < 
a patent formerly granted to Sir Thoma; Lunsford Knight." 

These Indentures may be found in Deed Books II and 13, at the clerk's office of Esse 
County, Virginia. 

From these deeds one may easily deduce the fact that Gawin Corbin was anxious to sett 
his life interest in the land which his wife had inherited from her grandfather. Thomas Lunsfon 
most of which went to Mrs. Wormeley's daughter Elizabeth after Katharine (Mrs. Gawin Corbii 

was dead. 

It is interesting to note the decline of Portobago. Up to the time of Thomas Lomax 
evidently had been kept intact, its vast green stretches with bays, creek; and immense water froi 
going from Sir Thomas Lunsford to his daughter. Mrs. Wormeley. and going from Mrs. Wormeh 
to her daughters. Mrs. Lomax and Mrs. Corbin. evidently for the most part reverting to Mrs. Lomi 
after Mrs. Corbin's early death. Gawin Corbin to have a life interest in it. Lunsford^ Loma 
son of John Lomax. inherited it. He was the fourth generation to own it. His eldest « 
Lunsford. died without issue, and so did his second son. John Edwards, and his third son. Ralph, di. 
likewise, but his fourth son. Thomas, inherited Portobago. Old records show his financial deciin 
In I 780 the first break of the principality occurs and Thomas Lomax sells 330 acres of land to Dunlc 
and Taylor on the south side of Port Tobago Creek (sec Essex Deed Book 33. page 33). In 17' 
Thomas Lomax sold to Henry Cavanagh and Frederick Cavanagh one acre of land in comer 
road leading to Port Royal. Port Micou and Laytons. (See Deed Book 34. p 337.) In 17 
Thomas Lomax and Ann. his wife, for the sum of C250 sell to Hord and Baylor a certain mill si 
one acre of high land joining each end of mill dam. with forty acres of sunken ground. (See De 
Book 33. p. 87.) As Ann Corbin Umax could not go to court. John Hopkins and Thomas Merc 
went to Portobago to get her certificate of agreement. These little straws show where the wi 
blows. Portobago was gradually going out of the hands of the descendants of Sir Thomas Lunsfoi 

In January. 1802. the great blow fell for them: "Thomas Lomax and Ann Corbin Lomi 
his wife, sold to John Pratt for II 101 Sh. 7 D. 6. a parcel of his. Thomas Lomax. land (in Ess 
on Po.tobago Creek being a patent granted to Thomas Lunsford except one acre sold to Jo 
Ford) containing 1619 3-10 acres bounded by a pocoson called the Appletree Landing ^ ' u " nl : 
thence with the Meanders of Port Tobago Bay. Rappahannock River and Green Bay. 890 Pol. 
touching the land of Muscoe Garnett. Robert Baylor, and the 'Prong' of Thomas Hord s rr. 
pond, and the sunken land of Port Tobago swamp a little above the flowing of the mill pond. then, 
down [the mill pond its several meanders crossing the before mentioned 'Prong' with the line: 

77 



>mes Lunsford's patent going down Portobago Creek to iu mouth and thence with the mean- 
ings of Port Tobago Bay to 513 polea to the beginning, the land*, and premises, fisheries, rights, 
{ ies profits and appurtenances." 

Signed: Thomas Lomax and Ann Corbin Lomax. Witnessed by Smallwood Coghill. 
mrtt Cavanagh. Richard Turner. George Fit* Hugh. John G. Stuart and Paul Micou and John 
/loe Lomax. At a court held at Essex County in Tappahannock. July. 1802. this deed waa 
ved by Coghfll. Cavanagh and Micou. The money was paid in three annual installments. 
; uary. 1802: January. 1803. and January. 1804. 

This house tract and 1.619 3-10 acres, together with the parcels of land sold to different 
sons before, perhaps included all of Mrs. Lomax's share, and the lower part was probably sold 
the heirs of Gawin Corbin. However. Robert Payne Waring died possessed of the lower part. 
I Will. am Waring of the upper part. Portobago is from the year 1727 in Caroline County. 
1 we cannot just understand why the above sale is recorded in Essex, but so it is. All other 
ds of sale of the fine old estate were recorded in Caroline, and alas! the Caroline records were 
troyed during the war. This sale to John Pratt only included about half of the old estate, 
order to ascertain the facts about Port Tobago, a trip was made to Port Royal where it waa 
rned. by inquiry of oldest inhabitants, that John Pratt sold the upper part of the tract 
lich he had purchased) to William Waring, and that below Port Tobago Bay the rest of the 
ate *as purchased by Robert Payne Waring, one of the wealthiest men in Virginia. To 
erentiate the two portions of the great estate, the upper tract, lying towards Port Royal, 
ained the name of Port Tobago, and the portion below Port Tobago Bay was called Port 
bacco. This Port Tobacco was left by Robert Payne Waring to his daughter. Lucy Todd. 
o married Richard Baylor. Lucy Todd Waring brought to her husband a large estate, and 
was very rich himself when he died in 1872. Richard Baylor left to his wife "Kavanagh" 
i "Kinloch" (the latter is the finest mansion in Essex County); to his daughter. Anne Waring 
ylor. "Port Tobago" or '"Port Tobacco," and to his son. Henry Latane Baylor. "Port Micou." In 
)8. this Henry Latane Baylor, the son of Richard Baylor, gives "Port Tobago." as well as "Port 
icou." in his tax list. There is no great house on this lower part of Port Tobago, merely an 
erseer's house. The upper part of Port Tobago was purchased by a man named Thomas White 
m the heirs of William Waring, who purchased it from John Pratt; on this tract was the old 
•max house, which burned to the ground December 5. 1901. 

The part of Port Tobago which Richard Baylor bequeathed to his daughter in 1872 was 
lued at $70,000. with all the appurtenances thereof. It is not known what the upper portion sold 
Thomas Lomax to John Pratt and by John Pratt to William Waring was then valued at— 
esumably $100,000. 

In the old graveyard at Port Tobago there is not one single Lunsford or Lomax tomb. This 
iiy be accounted for by the fact that Virginians did not always erect tombstones to their dead. 
io were always buried in the garden. 

The old Lomax "God's acre" is full of fine trees and there are some Waring tombs. Per- 
,ps the Lomax tombs crumbled to pieces or were stolen by vandals, as has been the case in 
jher families, but a fact it is that not a Lomax tomb stands at Port Tobago to-day. The land is 
lidulating; the house stood on a hill not exactly upon the river, but near enough. Every tree 
(lich stood on the Port Tobago lawn has been felled, and the people near by say that they were 
ceedingly fine. 

By examination of the Essex records, this is the final conclusion as to the pedigree of Port 
>bago; the land, then a howling wilderness, was patented by Sir Thomas Lunsford. As his wife 
as living in Lancaster after his death, we suppose that Lancaster, the original shire, included then 
>th sides of the Rappahannock River. However that may be. from 1655 to 1700. there is no 
cord in Essex of any transactions of the Lunsfords. In 1704 is the first mention of the Port 
obago tract in Essex County, and then John Taliaferro is made trustee for John and Elizabeth 
Dmax. Gawin Corbin is evidently anxious to have his interest in the estate by right of his wife 
tablished. In 1802 about a hundred years afterwards, the upper part of the estate much 

78 



dismembered passes from Thomas Lorn ax to John Pratt; John Pratt sold it to William Waring, and 
William Waring to Thomas White, whose heirs now own the portion of the land above — Port 
Tobago Bay. Below Port Tobago Bay the land was purchased probably from Cawin Corbin's 
heirs by the land king, Robert Payne Waring, whose heirs, the Baylors, hold it now. 

A little work, a little play 

To keep ui going — and so, good day I 

A little warmth, a little light 

Of love'a bestowing — and ao. good night I 

A little (un. to match the aorrow 

Of each day'a growing — and ao. good morrawl 

A little trust that when we die 

We reap our sowing! And ao — good bye! — Cettrc* D* Maurier. 



FINIS 



79 



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