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Full text of "Genealogy of Ware Long of Culpepper"

M. L. 



REY": STOR1CAL 

GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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3 1833 01329 8895 



GENEALOGY 

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GENEALOGY. 
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« He vrho iav.ers no pride In V'O noble dneda of hi?- .^ •:• 
ia not iiXcly to ovor do sny t'rhr-, that hl« ••;;• on ant i 001 

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Co^iled r 
of -Tool Loj).2", ( 
pooo,at Mh Js 
nary let. 1333, 



rinoipally fro. r i notoa t-.ken fro:; 1 
!o.lO),<iurinfr Bevcra.1 visits to r 
:o in Lc-esb"ur x ? Indiana; bo£rinnin:V : 
tr.fi endin? Friday tfaroh 5in,.l33S. 

By jo/in T.L. :: ', { 



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Iti45552 



ITlRATj BOTES 



ooneerning the 

L II V A U 1 L Y. 

TjOiJfJ, aa^a surnane is native to five countries: l ng.l« 



lift. 13 C— 



land, Sootl ad,nn3 v/ales ami c-enaany. 

jJeoauso of this tvide distribution or the nar^e, the :.'; ■.:! >cs 
of tracing Kinship arc few;when t^o or more strangers bearing t 
that cognomen chanoe to rcect. 

If all eitiaens of the United States answering to Vo nano 
of Long,?rho traoo their origin back to Culpepper County vi 5> -;■•■;. j,- 
ia,are the descendants of one pair, the?) in reality has a ai; ai. 
thin name obeyed the Divine injunction to: "in •;■ e ase and multiply 

'i'j thoroughly understand the nur-iorJ . .1 strength of the fam- 
ily, it 1" only necessary to attempt tracing to lineage af. a Cv.l 
pepper Long baoK to Colonial tiir.es. By the t'rr.e thr /-evolution- 
ary period ''ill have been reaohed, such : 'l.Tultitudo of the nam 
vl.ll confront the enquirer, t at utter confusion v.- til alnost iis- 
courage hi". Culpepper County will soon be recognised an, the 
original hot-bed of the Lens family in America. 

Though there is no positive proof, that one nan w<n the p?'-';: 
eniton of this numerous f -oral ly, there is reason to believe V ! . 
he was. However he :~ay not have lived in America. 

Thin jmioh is certain: three Longs, named espeotively: v/a: o, 
Reuben, and Jircnrfield, settled in Culpepper Co. Va., long enough 
previous ! - ■■• t e Revolutionary "A'ar to Iiave ■' 1 -"'.l J :•• o?."' *■<' I 
fashioned proportions gro*7i to naturity,at t e tiro t at rv.T.or- 
abic 3onfl5 »t begah. 



2 



There are few evldonoco or Kinship, of those throe fariilior.; 
but they arc strony; ones, 

First of fill is: the natter of locality, it in not likely 
that any thins hut a cordon interest would have brought bo Many 
of tho sai-ie name tosathcr. 

second: tho same "Ivor. names, are very oor.T.ion to each of too 
throe families; notably, htooolaH Reuben, Gabriel, Nicholas and John, 
Thin v-ould be most unlikely ••••ore they not relate- 1 . 

The third, to: tho fact toot they v;oro a un.it in *hoir poli- 
tical principals; 'ind were intensely pro~Amcrio.an,Y.'ften the colo- 
nies revolted. 

vrnethcr the coming to Culpepper County • an (-simultaneous and 
v:ok from the oamc locality is uncertain; but the third evidence 
of kinship ray veil be considerdd an evidence of common nat.tvi ty. 
It is a certainty that; Ware Lony came to America with a heart 
full of bitterness for Brit&ins ruler; and inasmuch as she Keuben 
and Bromfieid shared the same spirit in a narked decree, does it 
not indicate that those three heads of fan! lies earns from the 
oarac locality, for the same reason? 

Boiny a host in themselves, they must have swelled the rani u- 
of too Continental Army; for if there were any amonyst then of 
too nale line vrho did not participate in the battles, marches, dsXK 
defeats and victories of that patriotic army, it "vo.o because of 
incapacitation by extreme old aye or youth. 



'\r >v.:? 2^IL o:"" ^n forr.ation. 

Xhe following pu^es, though incomplete as a record, oonto.tn 
all, or nearly all, that is now known or the ear.l£ history of our 
family. 

for t> -n early part, including the first, second and thi? : 
• ene: cations, * e are indebted alnost entirely to Joel Long, ( knov:n 
an 5lo.lQ on the genealogical chart); the grand-son of '.'a?-: Long; 
though Janes Turner Long (}lo.76) and Moses Jackson Long (Ho. 7.1) 
groat— grand-sons of Ware Long, furnished some infer: at ion on ninor 
details, in the early generations. 

A careful search through the archives of the United ntaten 
Bureau nr Pensions, the Virginia CoTraomrcalth J?.ooords, and the Vir- 
ginia State Land office and Library, also produce* so: e inform t- 
ion bearing on the records of thane of the far-iily y,'ho served in 
the Revolutionary V/ar and the War of 1812. 

To to Professor Joseph H.Long, of Washington and Lee L'n^ver- 
oity, Lexington Virginia, vre ere indebted for that information 
gleaned fron the records of Culpepper Co.Va. To Mr-. /Margaret E. 
Janes of Georgetown Kentucky, we 3 an return thanks for the infor- 
mation relating to the descendants of Nicholas Long, in and near 
that place. Hon. '"J. V.Long of Rent Las Vegas N. Mexico Is respons- 
ible for much of v.*ha.t ?;e kno"s? of the two younger ner.foers of the 
third generation. 



FAMILY It I !3 T P. Y. 



PIK5T GSJWETttTIOJI, 
iJLJ£22£L2& 

?/AHE LONG: The Ran who heads that branch of the family, with 

which this record has to do, and the ftrat one of our family to | 

not foot on the v-eotorr Continent, wa.*'3 a native of v;,olo8;born in '. ! 

tho year 1G01. 

Of tho faintly history previous to sominr; to Amorioo. nothing 

!•■ nov known, .further than that,t o family emigrated from Qer : . ; 

to hngland, thonoe to Kale*'; the family name at the time of leavin, 

Germany being LAM-'J. 

v/o have no record of the length of time elapetng between thi 

emigration to England, and tho coming of Y/arc Long to America; but 

the latter event muet hive taKen place, Rome time \n the year lv.ih; i 

an he came v^n about twenty-five years of arc 

The nare was changed to LOHO (English for LAHO) previous 
to coming to America; but at what tine, and to whom the responsib- 
ility for tho ohang ts due, in not Known, 

The emigration of Ware Long, to the "Hew s/orld, "was not of 
hi s own free will; for on account of eomo political offense against 
the government of f ngland, in which a great many others *.-ere impli- 
oaiod,he was one of more than a thousand offenders, who were t3 • i- 
oported to America. Tno vessel carving the cargo of which ho f er- 
red a unit, discharged its cargo on the shores of the Oolony of 

Virginia. 

T ; :e COU30 for whioh ho '.':iR exiled to not Known; further than 

that it • ^as for political reasons. As he was one amongst many who 

oar ; For * - o r < ■ -o offense, anH an ».t happened ih si.it t o tire o 
}i aRtro' ! i-'3 defeat of the • T -, jobl tcs, ( the name *ny vhl ?} th.e 'hh. - 
or.«? of Tameo Stewart, the t i e tender to t :e throne oc England were 
Known }n*! tor ' hi h groat .en: ibers of t em ;,ere ban.isho. to Amor \, 



5 
it is fair to suppose that he was a Jacobite; a rebel to Kin? 
Geor?e the First, Be aa it niay, subsequent eventn In his life 
proved that he bitterly hated ."'iritains ruler. 

However, he re«i?ned hira-self to the nev; eond.it.tor. of :hir.?n, 
\7hieh the lav; prescribed as the penally for his offense, and set- 
tled in Culpepper County, Virginia. 

He married booh after, his ^ife be in? of } ; !ri?li«h parentage. 
The rat den name of the first ?irl rho narried into thin branch 
of the ?<o.a? Family in America, is in doubt to us; but or: the offi ri- 
al record* of Culpepper Co. are nppoad, these transactions: Qn"Feb. 
13th. 17^0, Vare Long conveyed to John Lobbin, eleven (11) head of 

cattle. "Again on* Jan. 17th. 1793, Pare Long of Brornfield Parish in 

Sarah 
Culpepper Co., and his wife, conveyed land to Hrinoo Snith. M Though 

they sccts to have been people of r?.oane,and of Po?ae consequence in 

their oo.a- -unity, Sarahs education, did not glow rith a very hi?h 

polish; for she signed the deed "1th a cro^s (X) thus. This Ware 

vac undoubtedly our ancestor; as he v/as the only one of that given 

a young "an 
narjo, except hie son Warc^-Tho %-as ±Li:;: at the tine of thin trans- 
action, and on account of to poverty stx*io}-;en condition of the 
tines following the Revolutionary \:ri?,^\c: van not likely to have 

been a rnan of property. For the above reasons, it is safe to assume 

?tven 
that, the nawe of Wares wife wan, Sarah, 

This couple was blessed with: health, lor.? Life, and a largo 

family; there being born to ?. ; :e~ ten children; eight ȣ none and v-o 

daughters, in the following order: Christopher, John, Daniel, '/are, 

Reuben, -T^'-iep, t"-ifB?i two daughters fnar.es forgotten), Nicholas and 

Jioni^v, 

which 
:;y occupation, rare Long vag a stone-'^aHon; in ths pursuit he 



was onyared, when the Colonies revoltd* against the Mother r:ou;itry 

After Ions; years of watting the Exile recognised his opportune : .■ 

I 
for i even co, and rrasped it. From his own ftro-sldo ho sent forth 

Dix stalwart soldiers to battle for tho ri~ht; with the stern a<i- 

i 

monition; "A",!."*-: 1 , ..t''I^L,^f-: < .l,*"'^''' l ' , ' ;; i.. o:: " , riC:y f-?'. f, -.^-' A "' ,?." ?; ''' would have 
sent tv. T o more, had •i.oy but benn of riper years. 

The oldest six conn enlisted in the ranks of the various 
military orea?ii---nti<ri".j then forninr 1n Virginia; and all exporion- 
ood a great deal of active service during the war. If there 'were 
any fatalities on account of military service they were not reooa? 
ded, Inasmuch as they gave a good account of themselves, the foun* 
dor of this numerous family enjoyed the satisfaction, of feeling 

that ho had*, evened up his score with Kin? cJeorge.Tho establish- 

1 

ment of an infant nation was an accomplished fact; an<3 but few 
there were who enjoyed tho privilege of assisting the cause to tl o 
extent that he did. 

iVaro Long lived to the ripe ago of, one hundred twelve (.1.1;,) 
years; and died in Virginia, in the year iSQS.JLts wife died some x 
tine previous, His grand*- son -Tool Lone (Ho. !■-)), the principal auth- 
ority on the history of the family, in speaking of him said; J? 3: :!:;:;■: X 
"I lant saw him vhea I wan aix yearn old, (.1803 )shortiy before his 
death, and even at V-itk are ne was in possession of all hiH facul- 
ties, and in ;;ood hea.lt)i. 

The children of Ware Lone were of v/elsh and English descent. 
In the words of the narrator: "this was a tall, we 1.1 imi.lt, large oo- 
ned,)ii;.scular family. Full of fight, afraid or nothing, and art rov.in? 

"hey were of great staturejairl an inheritance L'ron their rat- 
her. There • ■;'• a tv • d1 l • >».a that It •;.--_« from that, their surn •■:- • 
derive d. 



v/.:;tt,v record — oj 



hOlir, (JJo.l), 



(W.'il'O TiOHfi f no. I) 
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sjnraft w " it . 



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CiU'Ij toyftcr Lon~ ("0.2) r;nn born, 

John 

Daniel 

YJsre B , 

Pouben 

Jonos 

IVru ''.tor 

Henry 



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CHKIGTOPIER 10KG, (Ho. 2): Tho first child torn into this 
branoh of the LONG feu lily in Aneric , opened his ©yea to the 
light of clay for the first tine, in the month of h -• y 1746} in 
Culpepper County Virginia. 

Hln boyhood was that peculiar to the youth of Virginia: 
liitle opportxmity for education, but abundant tine for worXc. 

Ho ?.o:\vnccl the stone-reasons trade, of his father; and it 
was in the piirsu.it of that, his early manhood was spent. Very 
early in life ho also became proficient in the use of th t 
eonr-ioneest of all playthings Imown to the Anorlcan hoy of that 
tine: the rifle. 

He married Barah Turner, the daughter of Janes and Zlsi© 
r ?\n-nnr in tho early p rt of the year 1773$ she being of Bnglis 



The result of this union was eight children; • i:-: V ys and 
two girls, naaod respectively: Rouben, Ellis, Ellon, Picy, 
Gabriel, Benjanin, ITli?r.ha, and. Joel. With tho oxcepticn of 
minor details, it is to Joel that we are indebted for this 
faraily history. 

Very soon aft. r Christophers Marriage, tho peace of the 
Virginia v/estem frontier was disturbed, by the breaking out 
of an Indian war; afterwards hjiovm in the state history of Vir- 
ginia as Dunne re 3 war. In anturm of 1774, when lord Dnnnore 
the Ooyornor of Virginia, var; raising troops for Chastising 
the Indians, Christopher er.jir.ted under Colonel John Field, 
of Culpepper; who had a snail oomand in the Second oivisicri 
of the liVle amy; that division being ecu. . andod by Gon r. 1 
Andrew To-, is. 



'•■< 



Thio division wan recruited rtoctly in the upper JUaenando h 
Valley; and rendezvoused at. Port Savann h (nov* Lowinburg), in t'o 
Gro- noriar Country; early in Septeiabor 1774. It donaisted of 
two regiments, numbering in all, one thousand ono hundro ' : unj 
and oji Sunday the 11th of September, everything being - ; n r U 
ness, they struck t nts and began the lino or march through on 
unknown, unbroken wildorneds; to the mouth of the Great Kona* u 
river, w3\ere they had been ordered to rncot the I*irst division 
of the army, coMcianded by Lord Duntiore, on tho 2nd. of October. 
The first division had assembled, in the louver Shenandoah 
Valley during tho late aunmor, and hdcLa&rched through north- 
western Virginia, towards tho Ohio -Ivor. 

Though this ia not a history of Penaoroe War, it is not 
out of place to give on ace unt of the campaign; lnas;:axoh as 
the otibjeot under consideration waa an active participant in it* 
Tho advance of J,ov;i*:; d' vision v/aa a most d f icult under- 
taking, Much noro <;o than that of tho First division, which had 
the old trail nade by Braddocks army in ita c aripaign against the 
French, to travel. Tho country van n expanoe of rugged noun- 
tains and dense forest J that defied the passage of wheeled ve- 
hicles. For that reason the ammunition and equipments necessary 
to a military expedition had to bo carried on pack-horses. How- 
ever bj* constant hewing and cutting the di vision nade it:, './ay, 
through the trackless wilderness to ita destination on the Ohio 
•dvor, at the mouth of the Crsat Kcnafcaa, {where Point Pleasant 
• now stands?, on Friday Pert. 30th., tv.-o <l:yn in advance of the 
tine Unit. 

Astonishment .and disa;~-cintment awaited tie Second Division 



3.0 
harejfor Lord Dunrnore with the First Division was not in sight, 
nor was there any thing to indicate his thereabouts, Kany began 
to express the belief that ho was advancing toward the Shawnee, 
towns (the present Chilicothe Ohio which was expected to bo 
their final destination) alone, The uncertainty wa3 ended how- 
ever on the 9th. of October, by messengers from Dunmore with 
orders for Lewis to oro*?* the Ohio, a nd Join him, 

While preparing to obey those orders t the next morning 
(f«ond. Oct. 10th. )he was surprised by an attack froi.t Die Indians, 
and had to fight, Two men who had gone up the Ohio to hunt, 
were fired upon and one of than killed. The other came running 
into camp declaring that the woods wore "full of Indians". 

Consternation ruled the camp of the Virginians, for a few 
niinutesjbut when the i-.en saw Oen. Lewis deliberately light his 
pipe, before he t T ;avc an order to prepare for action, their 
presence of mind returned. 

The position of the Virginians was a good one for defense; 
hut very unfavorable for retreat. They were in what night bo 
called a pocket. Behind thorn was the Kanawha river, On their left 
was the Ohio, and on their right was Crooked Pun. Their flanks 
being vol 1 protected, the enemy could only attack from the front. 
It .its a certainty that,thars they rnust fight,and if they srere 
defeats! there was "little hope of retreat;as the river at that 
point *as wide and deep, ?.o improve their chances for defense , 
should the battle take an unfavorable turn ,c on. Lewis ordered a 
breast-work conatructel , fro., the Ohio to the Kanawha, raking 
what ni^ht be called u fortified camp. This was done during the 
progress of the battle. To Gen. Lewis the Indians sewed to 
greatly outnumber his own forces. he 



11 

knew tho best fighting men of the Delaware3,Mingoos,0ayuga3,and 
Wiandots,were opposed to hira;and that they wore oommanded by«cem- 
etalk,"one of the oldest and ablest wariors of the tribes North 
of tho Ohio. 

The battle that ensued waa perhapse,ths most fiercely ccntest- 
ed engacorert between White men and Indiana, that was ev*;r fought 
on the American Continent. 

Con.Lov/is at first ordered out hut one rsgiment;that under 
Col, Charles Lewis (his brother). This small detachment had scarce- 
ly passed beyond tho outer lines v£ien they wore attacked in over- 
whelming forGo by the Indians, Gen. Lewis was alert however and 
ifjnediately ordered Col. Plemming to reinforce Gol.L«wis;and the bat- 
tle that was soonraging was of that type of ferossity known only 
to border warfare. e The own had just ri3on,and was gilding with 
bright autumnal tints, the tons of tho surrounding hills.when tho 
battle oommencedjand not until it had sunk in tho western horrizon 
did the sanguinary conflict materially abate." 

Col. Lewi. s wis mortally wounded early in tho engagement ;but 
concealed the character of his wound, until the line of battlo was 
formed, and the foroes in action. He then tank o.xhausted and was 
carried to his tent, where ho soon expired. 

On the fall of Col. Lewis the right wing of his line resting 
on Crooked Run momentarily foil baok;but Col. Fleming rallied them 
and hold the enemy at bay until he too fe3 1 mortally wounded. Then 
tho Virginians began to waverjand a rout seemed imminent; but Con, 
Lewis ordered up Col. Field with the Culpepper Hen (Christoper 
Longs company) , who r ^x, md rallied the retreating troops to a con- 
test z:cre desperate, if possible than ever. 



12 
The battle was maintained by both sides with oonsuroata 3fcill 
energy and valor, The Indians who had felt assured of success when 
they sav the ranks of the Whites give way ,after the fall of two 
OQfircanders "became frantic with rage when they saw the reanforce~ 
raents under Col. Field. • In mad rushes they charged the Shites^but 
their efforts were unavaling;for the steady and withering fire of 
the expert Virginia riflemen had "the double effect of thinning 
their ranks and cooling their rage", It was col, Field with his Cul- 
pepper rr,en who turned the lido, and saved the day to the Virginians. 

About twelve o'clock the Indian fir*:j began to slacken, and 
they appeared to bo sowly retiring; but it noon prove! to be a 
mere ruse, for several times during the afternoon as the Virginians 
pushed hotly upon the seemingly retreating foe, they were ambuscad* 1, 
■ »ith great fatality. 

Gen, Lewis noticing these maneuvers of the enemy, detached 
the companies commanded by Captains Mathews and Shelby, with orders 
to novo stealthily under cover of the banks of the Kanawha and 
Crooked Sun, gain the enemys rear and deliver an attack from that 
quarter. This manauver was so well executed that tho savages became 
alarmed, and practically gave up the fight, late in the afternoon;and 
during the night they recrossed the Ohio and disappeared. 

•The victory of the Virginians was complete,* though it was 
dearly bought. The exact lossof the Indians was nvvar fully ascer- 
tained; for with tho Indian dread of having their remains fa3 3 into 
the hands of th<s enemy ,groat numbers were thrown into the Ohio 
River and disappeared unseen. Of the V/hites about two hundred were 
dead, and they were of the flower of the }u3ty young manhood of 
Virginia. 

The gradual retreat or the Indians, aft *r they had ei\rer> u.^ 



13 

fight, was considered, a masterly military maneuver on the part of 
Corn stalk; and. such as none but a military genius could execute. 
Alternately he led his warriors on, and then fell back, in such a 
manner as to leave the Whites In Chock, and uncertain as to what he 
would do next. This gave the Indians van opportunity to carry off 
their dead and wounded. 

After this unexpected battle was over, there arose a. clamorous 
enquiry from Lev/is* men, as to the whereabouts of Dunmore. The att- 
acking party had come from the direction of Chilicothe, where it 
was now rumored that Dunmore had gone, and concluded a treaty of 
peace with the Indians. If so, was the bloody drama just enacted 
at the mouth of the Kanawha the result of it? All suspected it, 
and the men loudly denounced the Governor; but Lewis was silent. 

After burying hie dead Gen. Lewis erected a stockade fort and 
leaving a small force to garrison it and care for the wounded, he 
set out for Chilicothe on the Scioto. he had not proceeded far bef- 
ore he was met by a messenger, with orders to return to Point Ple- 
asant. Utterly disregarding the orders however, he continued to adv- 
ance;ner did he halt until within three miles of Dunmore* s camp, 
where he wasmet by the Governor himself , accompanied by a noted 
Indian Chief. 

A furicu3 scene followed the meeting of the two commanders. 
The Governor demanded the cause of Lewis 'disobedience to orders. 
Forgetful for a time that he was a subordinate, Lev/ls , reply was 
most violent; and it was with difficulty that he restrained his 
men from putting Dunmore to death. 

What it all meant can be explained in few words. It was the 
firm belief of all in Lewi3* command that Dunmore was privy to 



14 

the attack on Lev/Is at Point Pleasantjand intended that the whole 
command under Lewis should bo sacrificed. H© wa3 oharged with hav- 
ing a private understanding with the savage0,in which they were to 
attack the frontier and by diverting the attention of the military 
strength or Virginia, go disable the Colony, that it could offer but 
f eb3 e resistance to England, in the prospective struggle for indep- 
endence. For the driit of politics even at that time indicated 
plainly that: the war or the revolution was in the near future.. 

Though this charge was not proven then, it became known to a 
certainty in the following spring, that ho plotted to produce an 
Indian outbreak in the west for that purpose. 

Lewis finally obeyed the Governors orders and marchad back 
with hi 3 command. 

The Battle of Point Pleasant was only Christophers baptism 
of fire. He was yet to see long and active service, in a grander con- 
flict, then near at hand. 

? At the beginning of the war for American independence, when 
every able bodied man, whether willing or not, wasobliged to choose 
sides between the ccmbattants,he with five of his brothers cast 
their lot with the Cclonie3;and enlisted in the ranks of the diff- 
erent military organisations then forming in Virginia. 

The troopsof Virginia who served in the devolution were of 
three different linos, and known as: the Continental line, or troops 
for common service in all the colonies. The state 3 ine who wore 
more especialy for service within the 3tnto,but went any where 
when there was urgent need, and the I'ilitia .vho furnished their own 
arms and equipments, and were required to hold themselves 



15 

in readiness to 1 ' Tall in" and march to the front on a minutes 
notice. )?enc& the nam©, minute Uvn u . Though they were not. suppo- 
sed to go out of the state except in v<>.ry urgent cases the 
Virginia 'Vilitia managed to play an important part in almost evei*> 
colony where there was fighting to do. If there are any students 
of history who are curious to Know what an important part the 
Kilitia oi' Virginia played in tho struggle of the ombrlo republic 
3ot them but take a glance at the maps of the battle-fields of 
the Revolutionary «?ar, to be found in ico.it histories of the United 
States. 

Of these three lines, Christopher Long joined the last. The 
particular command of which he formed a unit, was pupularily known 
a3 the: "GulpepperJSinute Ken." J!e was with the Virginia Militia, 
through the entire war; and participated in their many ana varied 
marches, and engagements," sometimes receiving pay, though of tenor 
not. 1'hough ho served so many terms of enlistment, that his service 
was almost continuous, he never entered the army as a conscript; 
but always as a volunteer, in the ranks of the Culpepper County 
Kilitia." So said his biographer (joe3 hong, 3*0,39), Ware Jr., 
No. 5 and James No. 7 a 3 30 belonged to the Milltia;while Daniel Eo.4 
and Reuben No. 6 belonged to the Continental Lino. It is uncertain 
which, but John No. 3, belonged to either the Continental or state 
3 ine. 

At this early day the infant Republic had no national flag. 
A.s seme distinguishing mark was necessary, many todies of troop3 
marched under banners of their o.vn devising. The Culpepper Militia 
had theirs;which is her© r:ivc5n: It consisted of a shite field, with 
the name; "Culpepper Minute !fen,"q& the top, and the word3, "Liberty 
or Death," in bol a letters immediately beneath. A coiled rattlesnake 



16 

preparing to spring, occupied tho centerjwhich was underlined with 
the ominous warning: "ttom TRTWD 01? IITC. « This flag knovn even 
today as, "The Pattlesnake ?lag, "waa one of at least eleven vr 
twelve flags that woro displayed in the American Array »b«fore the 
Stars and 3tripes wore finally adopted. 

Unfortunately for those who risked their lives in the ranks 
of tho Virginia Militia, and v#iose deeds were sorthy of coire&er ora- 
tion, It is impossible to obtain anything in the form of official 
records, concerning thorn Individually. Ehil • the Northern Colonies, 
especially tho New Sngland Colonies, kept very aourate rocords of 
tho movements of their militia organisations, it Is a matter of 
record that, but few lists of tho men composing the Virginia 
Militia, were pr«served;and Btill more unfortunate, even those few 
wore destroyed by fire in Richmond Va, during the nivil ffar. A 
search of the archives of the United States War Department and 
tho records of the state of Virginia, fail to reveal any thing 
concerning thorn. 

Enquiry at tho U. 9. Pecord and Pension Off ice, produced the 
foil owing: 

"Record and Pension office ,?far Department; 
Washington City, 

5ei-t.3oth.ie-9 5 
&r. John T.Long, 

Chicago Illinois. 
Sir: 

In reply to your communication of the 5th. and 27th. insts. 
in -/rich you ask for the r<i:cr& of service of Christopher and 
Peu'o^n Long of Virginia, in the revolutionary 7ir,,r.d in which you 
inquire whether the records of tho Virginia Militia of that var 
are en file in this office, I hive the honor to advise you ao 
follows: 

aith tho exception of a muster roll of a single company, there 
are no records of the Virginia Militia, in she war of the Revolution 
on file in this office, 

V*ry respectfully, 

?. 0. Ainswor fch , Col . U. S. A. 
Chief, Pecord m-i Pension Office. 



17 

Wtofa the or rice or the Adjutant &enera3 of Virginia «ao ob- 
tained the following! 

Adjutant General a Office, 
Corner ?ranklin and ninth gts-. 
Richmond Virginia, 

Richmond May 5th. 1391. 

jfo}m T»Ldng 3sq, 

Room 26, Ho. 153 Honroa St. 

Boar sir; 

Replying to youra or way 1st • making enquiry as to the 

6orvic« in the Revolutionary Bfar of Christophar Long and brothers 

I regret to have vn say that this office with its entire contanta 

having been destroyed by fire in 1063, it now contains no r^oords 

or files of an anterior date; but there are in the custody cf our 

Secretary of the Comarnwealth, Hon.Kenry W, Flotiraey, doctasents 

relating to that warj which I hope my ci Vf 5 the information you 

desire,and I have accordingly referred your letter to him. 

Very respectfully, 

James KoDonald^ 

AdJt.Denl. 



18 

"'no Virginia Magazine of History on.! [Jioyraphy, published hy 
the Virginia Historical Society or Richmond Va. f tn enur.oratiny (on 
pase 242 of Vol.End. 18S4aiKl 1835) the different n >ordf-: and pap- 
ers pertaini?i~ to the Revolutionary war on file In the Virginia 
State Land Office anfl Library, v.- .tth others r.-.r>ntions t to follo'^inn:: 

''JTtHti-5 returns, 1777 to 17o4 (thin is only nsttlcoo.ent of acc- 
ounts by a portion of i •' : militia officers of the Htate; but such 
ao it <a, it ly the only MiXitic list extant)!' A.lao farther on it 
nayn;»lt should also bo re™er<bared that vith to oxooptio: river, o 
above, there are no Militia lists .preserved. " 

Only thoee ?;ho served in too Continental or State lines arc 
on record. Par t'^o above reasons, it is impossible to ye* any State 
papers bearing on the services of Christopher I.nny or any or any 
other Virginia hilitta^an. 

Vhouyh it "could seen impossible that hor soldiers covered 
nuch i v.'ido ranye; CooKs History of Virginia : ays shai:"Vir~inia 
was represented upon every battlefield of the devolution, after the 
v?ar va« thorouy.ho.ly inagurated, and often exhibited the host sold- 
iership. They voro especially distinf*uishc i in the darX flays of 
toe retreat throuyh the Jereeyajand bore the suffering of Valley- 
Forye with unfalliny cheerfulness," 

Of The particular cnyaye^.or.ts of the Revolution, in vhich Christ- 
opher bony participated, the exact number is not kno^n. The first 
rsentton in history of an onyayerent of the Culpepper Minute-Men, 
rith too British rap, at the battle of Croat rjrtdyo,on the 9th. of 7, 
Deo. .1775; undo:* Col. 'will Ian Woodford, when irivin;: to- Loro L'un ore 
cut of viryinia; v;iicre it is said that: *Ar;ony the troops -ho drove 



10 

the enc~y into their works "/ore the Culpepper Hlnute-h r en; whose 

flag Dxhlbtted a collci rattle-snake, with t c r.ottn; " Dont t:>.:v 

on r>o. ' " 

one or the lieutenants or th.tr.: oorapany was,youn: John l-ars- 

liall; afterwards Chief Justice of tho United States. 

v/o do Know that Chrl f topher was with Washington during his 
memorable eainpalgntng through tho Jerseys; an' around Philadelphia; 
and that he spent the dreadful winter of rr/7 ar;d 1778, with tho 
American wiy at Valley Forgo. when shivyering tognthor in their 
huts, "they npont tho nights In trying to rot wya, rather than In 
slcoo, " w-ve nanv q ra'^ed soldier riade \ '■ 'ossi'ole to follow Mr 
trail, by the blood etaind aBxtfcgxmiRKzaissrxxs:;? In tho snow. 

That would nonn that he shared in tho oat tier: of Trenton, 
Princeton, ^randywine and Gemantown, It was in the southern camp- 
aign of Gen. Green around. Camden and Guilford, that Christopher for- 
neri his estimate of the nan he considered one of the vo?. v y ablest 
of the American General". Hie adrairat.ion for Gen. Croon wan such 
that in after years, he was pleased to introduce the nar.e, Green, 
into the family at -\ christening, "non one of his grand~sc?ie beca- 
me: -Jackson Green Long, (No, 74), Christophers services ~:i~:n in t'r.o 
amy oarae to an one* in the last act of tho great irame; when he ca- 
rried the color;', at the siege of Yorktown. It was not until the 
after part of the war that he rose above the ronK of o private; wh- 
en he was promoted to Color— Sergeant, 

In after life, when relating the event?! of .the each day of the 
siege, he took especial de-light in telling that he; "Stood thirty si 
steps froin c?en. Washington. and Raw Cornwall! ' n sword surrendered," 



20 

An militiamen who nerved in the American array during the Rev- 
olutionary war were not pensioned until the year 1832, ( three year? 

after the death of Christopher Long), his name does not appear on 

was 
the reoords of the U.S. Bureau of Pensions; though he riohly deser- 
ving of mention there. 

About the year 1790, after the greater number of his children 
were horn, Christopher moved with his family to Henry County in th< 
southwestern part of Virginia; where he bought a farm and changed 
the course of his business life, by becoming a far&jsx tiller of the 
soil. He resided here until after the birth of his eon Elisha (Ho. 
18). Some time afterwards he moved to PatricK County, the adjoining 
oounty on the west. After the birth of his sen Joel (No. 19) rumors 
of fertile fields in the then far west awakened his "Arab instin- 
cts; "and in 1807 another move was made. This time to Oalia County 
Ohio. This jounty wag af tervards divided and that part in which he 
lived was re-named, Jackson County. 

At the end of fourteen years from the time of coming to Ohio 
like many other aged parents have rinns, Christopher and Sarah Long 
found themselves alone; all their children having married and left 
the parental roof. Not wishing to be alone in their declining yea- 
rs, they made still another move; which took them to Henry County I- 
ndiana. To that place their sons Elisha and Joel had preoeeded 
them the year before. 

They vere contented to spend their evening of life with thei] 
two sons;but had scarcely become well acquainted with thr ; ir new 
home when Sarah was summoned to make he?? last earthly move. She 
died on Wednesday Scpt.llth.18S2, in the sixty-sixth yea" of hor 
age, at the residence of their son Joel, 



-21- 

Christopher survived the death of his wife seven yearsjdying 
on Friday August the 14th. 1029, at the residence of his son Jool, 
at tha goodly age of , eight y-oight yaars and about three months. 
The place of his interment wan by tho side of his wife, on ■ ■■■ 
selected by themselves, for their resting place. '1'ht; ground at that 
time was owned by one, Anthony Boggs, (a relltive by marriage) .Their 
graves --'ore the beginning of the first cemetery for white people 
in that part of the country. They ere situated a little south of 
a line due East of, and TirvQ miles from, "Hew Castle Henry Co.Ind. 

In the year 1846, when the public spirit of the pioneers begad 
asserting itself, by opening up highways, it was feme] that the 
grave." v.'oro directly in line of one of the roads, uad it not 
been for the inters©3sion of old friends, the two little mounds of 
earth would have been obliterated. However popular opinion prevail 
find a curve was made in the highway; leaving them unmolested. Their 
son Joel who at that tina was living near Leesburg Indiana, 
through the agency of Mr. William L. Boyd, (an old family friend who 
owned the adjoining farm) enclosed the graves with a strong high 
iron fence. The fence was made by a country Hack smith, by the 
name of Hilliken, It was made before the days of artistic iron- 
work; and though it lack3 the lines of beauty, it has the staying 
qualities. It is not unlikely that many generations hence the passe 
by on the highway can still gaze through the massive bars at the 
monument of a Revolutionary soldier. This monument w:.s also a pro- 
vision of thsir son Jool, before his death in 1869; though it was 
not erected until the summer of 1377. On Robert B.Long (Mo. 60) of 
Leesburg, Ind. a son of Joel devolved the iuty of completing the 
workjhe ein~ the administrator of his fathers estate. 



The monument ia a neat plain shaft, on a pedestal and b; -.._, 
all of marblejand ten or twftlvo feet in height. The tv;o corners 
oi' the fence exposed to the road»ara protected from passing vehi- 
cles by hugh boulders; such as are to bo found on the adjoining 
fanas. The inscription on the monument informs the passerby that: 

— CHRISTOPHER LOTTG,-- 

A SOLDIER 0r ? THE REVOLUTION, 
died August tha 14th. 1829, 
ar^od 63 years and 
__ ?_I2£JlHii:— 

— SARAH ~ 

his wife, 

died September tha 12th. 

1822, 

in her Goth. year. 

This lettering is underlined with this appeal to the 
patriotism of future generations: "Posterity preserve these graves. 

Down to the present time the greatest respect has boor, shown. 
the graves. They receive duo attention from the residents in tha 
vicinity;and each return of decoration day, brings fresh flov/ers 
and bright flags. Those graves are made a special caro by the 
local Grand Army Post. What tribute could bo more fitting than 
that tha grave of the "Minute Man" should, be draped with the Stars 
and Stripes ha gought to establish. The colors he planted on the 
v/orks at Yorktovm. 

Though a district school house stands Imnediately across 
the road fron then the graves are never desecrated by the mischief 
loving school-boy. 

A striking illustrati n of this veneration is related by a 
great grand-daughter of the dead soldier (?.Trs. Jennie Garrett ;"o. 
) who visited the spot a f e .? years ago. Knowing the tendency 



of the ordinary school- boy, 3ho v?aa surprised to soe the respect 
shown the graves; and asked an old resident near by concerning it. 
She was surprised but plsased with the answer; "Oh no tJ sy are 
never disturbed. That Is sacred ground.* 



Pfti \i Iv Record 

— of — 
CHRISTOPKBR 1-0 5". 



( Chr J. s t ophcr Long ) (?v . 2 ) 

Mar r i age : ( and ) wer @ in ar r 5 e d in the yo« r A . P , 17 7 s 
[Sarah Turner ) 

Births: Christopher Long(Ko.2) was horn "ay A. P. 3.746 

r.;.r<\ti * • ■ A.P.17f>7 

Rsul>en ,? (7to.l2 Was born A.P.1773 

Ellin • (•■0.1-) " " A. P. 

Ellon * (Ho. 14) " * A.i'.', 

Pfov ■ (No. 15) * * A.P.17G6 

Gabriel H (Wo. 16) " w AJ\.- 

Benjamin " ("o.lT* * * A.n.iv- 

Elisha e (rTo.lfl) B " tfay A. P. 1734 

Joel " (Ko.19) ■ " March 6tn.(Mon)A.P. 1797 

day 



Deaths: Sarah 

Christopher 



Long died Fednsselay Sept. 11th A, P. I' 

B ■ Friday Aug, 14 th, A, P. If 



The children of Christopher and Rarah Long ware of tfelsh and 
English descent; one-fourth and three-fourths, respectively . 



-2f>- 



'U'R'^RR I^AMl hY 



Of tho Turners, (the family of Rarah Turner) but; little 1b 
known They word from England and settled in Virginia long 
before the revolution. There were several children in the fi : J - 
ly, younger than Sarah, (who married Christopher Long); who were 
named in their respective order: WillJarajP.ilifl^CharlcR^^argarot 
and several younger girls. 

during the Revolution they espoused the cause of : fin Colonies 
against the Mother country; which would put then in sympathy with 
the? Long family. 

In tho language of the narrator, "This was a ion.;;-].? v sd,lndus 
tr 5 our, , peaceable , law-abl d 1 ng faml ly . * 

A sad F, i ory in the family history, reads thus: One of tho you 
nger daughters in company with fho daughter of a neighbor once 
attempted to cross ever one of tho mountain ranges of Virginia, in 
the winter. They were overtaken by a snow storxn,and soon lost the 
way. After wandering about for a tine, in a vain attempt to find 
their path, they took refuge from the ^torm in a cave .fin ring trie 
night the drifting snow com^letoly closed the mouth of the cave; 
thus entombing the unfortunate girls alive, A dilligent search 
??as maae for the missing onen, by anxious friends ;but all efforts 
to find them were vain; and not until raore than a year after 
their disappearance, were they accidently discovered Jn the 
cav3,daad end firxily clasped in each others hrmsjln which attituca. 
they had perished of cold and hunger. 



S o cor. •.! _[]^ i o ; v^l cm n C onr.j nt'od . 

JOH'7 LONG (Wo.3):ThQ second In the second generation, was a 

native of Culpepper County Va. By occupation ho was a farmer. 
During the Rovor.it; ionary war no was a soldier in the American 
army. Ha belonged to either the Continental or State line ;and 
served through the entire war. 

Application to the Secretary of the Commonwealth records 
at Richmond Va. produced a record bearing the name of John Long 
seven times. 

According to Document ho. 4 3, which is a lint of the non- 
commissioned officers and soldiers of the Virginia State line, 
he was a private and an Infantry-man. 

According to Document lTo.44 v tmich is a list of the non- 
commissioned officers and soldiers of the Virginia Continental 
line, his name appears as a private six times ;cneo as a cavalry- V 
man, and five times as an infantry-man. 

Whether there were several soldiers by that name, or whether 
there was hut one, who served six terms of enli strnent , this un- 
businesslike, bare mention of the name without date or place of 
residence, does not rake plain. But thanks to family tradition we 
do know that, nix of Ware Longs sons became Revolutionary soldiers; 
and that this John Long was one of them. 

Soon after the close of hostilities with Great Britain, he in 
company with some of his brothers, amongst them Nicholas and Henry, 
emigrated to the south-west .Our informant (Joel Long 1r o.lO) was 
not certain, whether it was to Kentucky or Temiensee .Po far as our 
branch of the family is concerned, the curtain of oblivion dropped 
behind him after he disappeared. 



T)AT,TTuL LONG— (Ko.4): The third in order oi: tho second gener- 
ation, w%a born A.pril 11th. 1756, in GuJpeiper county Va. 

This youth developed into a modal of pliysical manhood. In sta- 
ture ,D;U3Cu3ur strength and powers or cndurance,ha was gigantic. 
A.3 an athlete, he had few equals and withal a weakness for a diopl 
ing it on the least provocation. 3aid his biographer; "Though not 
a quarrel sqne man, he would rather fight than eat." Undoubtedly a 
peculiarity o : the athletes of that day. 

ny occupation he wasa farmer. During the Revolutionary war 
ho served aa a private; mostly in the rani: a of tho Virginia Light- 
bourse Cavalry, of the Continental line. Kid first terra of enlist- 
ment was for three yearsjand he afterwards re- enlisted ana served 
to the end of the war His last experience was in the Campaign 
that ended with the surrender of Cornwall is at Yorktovm, 

Though ho experienced a great deal of active service, the 
names of only two of the battlo3 in which ho participated are known! 
ho fought at Guilford Court house, in Greene's oath* rn campaign 
and at the siege of Yorktown. 

His biographer took especial pleasure in relating that ho 
was: "A terror to the Rod Coats. * In one battle he had sov#n bullet- 
holes 3hot through his "her so- cloak;* though he had the good for- 
tune to escape unharmed, This Providential escape with the uarc 
perforation of the garment without injury to hi-, person, he attrib- 
uted to tho peculiar construction of the garment itself. It was so 
made that when thn woaror rods at great speed, tho wind swelled it 
to immense proportions; thus making him appear much larger than ). r - 



28 
./.'ffcond Generation con. 

really was. The theory was that, the enemy would bo deceived as to 
the real size of the maris at which ho was aiming, and would not be. 
so presise in taking aim. 

In the archives of the United States Pension Bureau, the foll- 
owing record stands to his credit: 

During his first term of service he belonged to Captain 
Whites Company; of Colonel Blands (afterwards Col. RTilliarn ffashinj 
"Regiment. 

His residence at the time of enlistment was Culpepper Va. 
The date of his (or his widows) application for a pension 
was 0ct t 26th, 1833. 

The Conimonwealth Records of Virginia, (at Richmond) , also 
contain the following record of a land bounty warrant , issued to 

him; for so rvi ess i n the P.evc lu t i o n ary war . __ 

Council Chamber, 5th. June, 1784. 
Ko.3629. I do certify that, Daniel Lone is entitled to the pro- 
portion of land allowed a private of the Continental Line, 
who has served three years. 

Thenas Meriwether, Benj.Earri30n. 

A warrant for 100 acres, issued to Daniel Long, 5th. June 1784. 



State of Virginia, City of Richmond, to v/it: 

I. Willoughby Fev/ton Jr. a notary public in and for the city of 
Richmond, in the State of Virginia, do hereby certify that,W. G.3tan- 
s.rd personally appeared before me in my city aforesaid and made 
oath that, the foregoing extracts are true copies from the orig- 
inals in the Virginia State Library and Land office. 

Given under my hind this the 31st. day of January ,1895. 

^ Til 1 ,-. ..!■ > -.;- ;-■-• ■:•;■:.- -■ ■• . ,17._Pj_ 

3 Jen after the close of the war Daniel moved to' Georgia", and 
later to Madison Cc. Alabama; which ends the history of this Hercu- 
les, so far as cur branch of the family in the ?(orth have my record 



29 

_ Sec end G ener atio n con. 

MTCS L03TO- 2nd. (Wo. 5) : The fourth in ordor of the Second 
Generation, was born In Culpepper Co.Va. 

By occupation he was a fanner. Ho married and became the 
father of several children; throe of them being named: Gabriel, 
(No. 20) Abner f (No. 21) and Ware 3d. (No. 22). 

Ho was a soldier of the Revolution and saw a great, deal of 
the checkerd fortune of the "Minute ton, "of that time. J-le served 
in the ranks of the Virginia Kilitia, through the entire war; 
though the detail -s of his services are not known. 

He accompanied his brother Christopher \ahen ha moved to 
Henry Co. ±r\ southwestern Virginia after the war, where ho 3 ivod 
some time; afterwards removing to the vicinity of the junction of 
Cabin Creek with the Kanawha River, in western Virginia. It being 
Unnatural for him to remain yory long in one place, ho so en after- 
wards removed to Ohio; thence to Henry Co, Indiana, and still later 
in 1831, to Illinois, after whioh all traces of him and his, are 
lost to our branch of the family. 



30 

_ Second G on era t ion C on. 

REUBEN L0I\G — (No. 6) llh* fifth in line of the second 
Gen oration was born in Culpepper Co. Va. J but the date of his birth 
is not known, nor what was the character of his occupation. 

wTien the call to arms was sounded, for the Revolution of the 
Colonies, he enlisted in Captain Gabriel longs Company of the 11th. 
Virginia Regiment of the Continental Line; commanded by col. 
Daniel i/,organ i Though at first a private ,he became successively 
an ensign, Second and First Lieutenant. 

Saffels Record of officers of the Revolutionary Army says : 
Reuben Long was Ensign of the 3 1th. Virginia, 16th.i)eo # 1776;second 
Lieut, 1st. June 1777; Regiment designated 7th. Virginia, 14th sept. 
1778;Pirst Lieut. 10th. Kay 1779; transferred to 3d. Virginia 12th. 
Feb. ,1781, and served to tha end of the var. 

The Commonwealth Records of Virginia (at Richmond), also 
have the fol] owing: 



Land Bounty Warrant Books. 

Council Chamber August 14th. 1783. 

Ko. 1570,-1 do certify that Lieutenant Reuben Long is entitled to 
the proportion of lanl allowed a Lieutenant of the Continental 
Line for three years service. 

Benjamin Harrison. 

A warrant for 2666-2 '3 ac^es, issued Lieut. Reuben Long, Aug. 14th. 
1783. 



The above document is accompanied by the same affidavit 
that follows Daniel Longs 1 Land Bounty Warrant. 

Of Reuber.s career after the ».ar, nothing io known further 
than that he settded somewhere in the south. 



S3. 

Second Sana rati on con. 



JAMT&3 L0HQ--(Ho.7): The sixth in 3 ins of the 3econd Generat- 
i on , wa s bora in Culpepper Oo.Va. The date of hia birth is not 
known. Though extremely young when the Revolutionary War began he 
followed th<3 example of his older brothers,and enlistad in the 
Aiaerican;and served through the war. 

Or hi3 career after the war, nothing is known; further than 
that he was drowned in the 3usquehanna "River; leaving a wife and 
two children. 

Those six, Christopher, John, "Daniel, BTare 2nd., Reuben, and 
Jataes, constitute our Revolutionary Pol] of Honor, so far an our 
informant knew, though the youngest two of Wares sons (Nicholas 
and Henry) ,may have chared in the latter part or the war. 

The seventh and Eighth (STos.8 atkX 9) ,in the regular order 
of the Second Generation, were Daughters; of whoso coming and 
going not a thing 13 known to us. 



32 

second Generation oon» 
HIGHOLA3 LOKQ—- (No.20) : She ninth in Xin« of the second 
Generation, was a jutivo of Cfulpepper Co.Va. What his occupation &ai 
in unknown so ua now. To hira or His brother Henry belonga the hon- 
or of having rsarried Margaret Surner, daughter of Jane 3 and nlsio 
burner, and sister or 3arah,the wife of Christopher Long (£0,2), 
(our informant was not certain *hich) , 

lis emigrated with sor.e of his brothers,a»ViOng3t them John ai 
Ken ry to the sou th-#83t; either lo Kentucky or lonnos.?^o s sine a 
when ail tr&cea of them were lost to our Informant. However hie; 

story is evidently pr.*gsrsed to ua froja another sou roe, thus: 
q> .w -TV- r, t- 

In the ysar 1823 or W*6,there died ne-ir Oee^gistavvn 

Kentucky, one Kicholas Long; who had emigrated frcss Culpepper oo, 

Va, ,3oon after th« revolution. His grfmd~daught«r,K.ra,I'ia*Haret R. 

James, now (January 1SU0) living at Groat Crossings (neu* George* 

town)Ky, ,who is r035jc.n3i.blQ for hia biographical sketch, says: Kor 

Grand-Father Hicholaa Long, with a company of others 1^ ft Culpepper 

Co.Va. soon after the Revolution, intending to settle in. Kentucky; 

but learning that the Indiana woroon the war-path in Kentucky, and 

to proceed farther would mean almost Certain death, they changed 

th«ir course ana want to south Carolina. ??ichel.*a re?nained in 3. 

Carolina until peace on the frontier wan assured; when a final 

settlerr.ont waa made near Georgetown Ey. , where hs resided until 

**a*h. IW 

By occupation ho was a farmer; He estate in the beautifu: 

■Blue-graer,* district adjoining that of cel.^ichard v.. Johnson, 

(pupularily known as "Link Johnson",) who had the reputation of 

having killed the great Indian Chief X«cvr6S'.'h,at the Little of 

th*» fc'eravlan 2 own 3 in the w\r of 1612. 



33 

S oc ond Gayinr^tXcn^ai m^ 

H« was the father of ton childr©n;vrhose names wore; James, 
(the father of ftrs. Margaret E. James, whose story this is) f Daniel 
Reubsn, Gabriel ,3Hohoiaa, William, Read, Thomas .Catherine and^Hannah, 
This account indicates vory clearly chat the Nicholas o;^ Kentuc] , 
was tfar* Long a son Nicholas; consequently a branch or our family. 

The narco.i of hi-i o) Hdren alone,are almost positive proof 
that th-">ir father was Nicholas the son of tfira. Nota the names of 
the first thres ana tho fifth sons;' who ivore evidently name-sakes 
of the sons of Tare. Appoaremtly ,iilohoj a.- nawei his Tlrst born for 
one of his younger brothers; probably tho o-ao with whom ho had bean 
most intimetsly as.-;ociatod,boin£ tho brother next older than 
himself. Than ccsr.^s Daniel and Reuben, the muaes or tho two sons of 
W&re who had made themselves most conspicuous, in tho >v ,.r for ind- 
ependence. The fifth ono he named Tor himself. 

Tab.]'.-, of comparison of names, of the two families. 
(Christopher ) 

( tfOlm J>U7103 - ) 

(Daniel Daniel ) 

(7/aro Reuben 5 

Ware Lotus' (Roubeh Gabriel ) Nicholas 

family. (James- Nicholas ) Longs' 

(Daughter aril Hani )fa; :ily. 

(Daughter Ho ad ) 

(Nicholas Thomas ) 

(Henry. Catherine ) 

7h*siM Hannah. ) 

It is not likely that two families not related, .vould have no 

many names ooninon to both. Other points in evidence besides the 

n^-!3 of children, are the fact that: Nicholas Long of Georgetown 

Ky. wa3 a native of Culpepper Co.Va. he had a brother ^euben. S7ara 

Lor.. ; <?» m$ iiy.vm the only one of the sulpappqr Long fai.il io.? en 
record, that hu both a Reuben Mid a Nicholas. Trie »eubon In both 
casai was a Revolutionary soldi «jr;and emigrated »'j the ^outh af- 



34 

Second Genera tion oon. 

aftur the war. 

It ie known that f the Rsuben of th* Kentuoky family v?aa vary 
wealthy at the time of his aeath. It If; reasonable to supposes 
that the nucleus of his fortune was fcfce 8666-2/3 acres of lana ffhli 
his lsm<\ bounty warrant- brought hin. Were they not the same man? 
The writer faela so assured of it t that the rocortl of the Kentucky 
family (as Co.r as we Know it )wi3 3 be carried alorv; with this 
genoa) o^y. 

1U4 ^c^^ £ v o£**->- 



f> g coyidL G ovi sm t i on c on . i&4t_>v)v)*i 

FS-TP.Y LONG— (Ho. 11) :The tenth in 3 ino of tho second Generate 
ar:ci tha youngest or this fami3y,was born 5r\ Qulpeppar Co. Va. ;but 
like wOct of the children of Ware Long, the date3 and principals 
points in his career are consigned to oblivion;so fn.r as our 
branch of the family know. 

As has been said, either he or his brother Nicholas married 
Kai"g.iret Turner ,a sister-ef fnrah;'the wife of his brother Christ- 
opher. When cur brancli of the Long family, made its exodus from 
Culpepper County Va. ,Kenry accompanied his brothers jo\m and 
Nicholas to the south-w«3t;and settled either in Kentucky or 
Tennessee, since when wo ivwe known him not, 



36 

_ Third Gan g r ati en. 

RKUBT37 LOHG (Ko.3 2):Who 2 eads the Third Generation, was born 
in Culpepper County Virginia; in the year 177$. 

Vq married T/.artha Witt .daughter of Jesse and Martha Witt, in 
the state or Virginia. Their children were six in number, ana were 
najr.ed as follows: Jesse Witt, Christopher, Reuben, David, Martha and 
Sarah; the girls being twins. 

H« settled in Whit) ey county Indiana, and engaged in farm- 
ing for the term of his life. He died in September 1833;aged 65 
years. 



RLIiIS L01TG (lTo.13) :The second in order of the Third Gener- 
ation, was born in Culpepper Oo.Va.in 1778. 

He married Eargaret Cherry in Virginia, by whom ho became 
the father of four children: one bey and threo girlsjnaraed, James, 
Rachel, Sarah, and Ann. 

He Hived aever-il tlaces,aft3r leaving the parental roof; 
but longest in Green Co. Ohio. Late in Jife he removed to, or near 
Kt. Pleasant Io«a; where he died in 1863, aged 85 years. His wife 
died scug time previous. The greater part of hi3 life was spent in 
farming. 

He wasla soldisr of the war o~ 1812; in which ho saw sens 
vary active service. 



BbL3X LONG (>:o.l4): The third in line of the Third Generation, 
..aa born in Oulpopper Co.Va. in the year 3 7-30. 

She married Henry Fee, in Henry County Va.and be cane the moth- 
er of fifteen children; of vihcsn,ths names of the older eleven (or 



Third Generation con. 



those who were bom in Yev.ry County Va. ) only are known. They 
were] Peuben, George, Thomas, Christopher, Barah, Dicy, Kancy, 
Elisha, Joel, James and. Madison, 

She died in Shelby County Indiana, in 1060; aged 00 years, 



DICY'LOITG (Ve.15): The fourth in line of the Third Generation 
was born in Culpepper Co. Va. »in the year 1786. 

She married J'orris Humphrieajby whom she became the mother 
cf four children; tvro of v&om were boys and two girls, named res- 
pectively: Ellen, Gabriel, Kancy and Thomas, 

3'io died in 1864, aged 78 years. 



GVBTtfEL L01TG (So. 16): The fifth in line of the Third Genera- 
tion, was born in Culpepper 00. Va. , about the year 1789. 

He carried Sarah Humphries, the sister of his brother-in-law, 
J/.orris Humphries; by whom he had two children, named: Morris, and 
Gabriel. 

Ke settled in Patrick County Va. and by occupation was a 
farmer, He was unusually short lived Tor one or his familyjas he 
died in 1815;barely 28 years old. 



BENJAMIN LONG (No. 17): The sixth in line of the Third 
Generation was born in Henry Co.Va. , in the year 1793. 

He married Pebecca Jenkins, in Jackson County Ohio; to which 



3a 

Thi rd G an a r it i on c on . 



place his fa char had moved in 1007. He became the father of eight 
children; four boys and four girls, names respectivsly^Urgaret, 
William, Slisha, Sarah, Lecnidas, Martha, Marian and Nancy. 

About the year 1822 he moved to Henry Co. Indiana; to which 
place his brothers -Sliaha and Joel had preoeded him. several 
years after he removed to Madison Co.Ind.and later to Jasper Co. 
Illinois, since when very little of him and his is known to us. 

By occupation ho was a farmer. Ha was a soldier of the 
war of 1812, and fought under Gen. Tuppor, against the British And 
Indians at the battle of J aumes , in the northwestern part of Ohio. 

The records of the United States Bureau of Pensions ^;ive 
his military history thus; 

"Benjamin Long, served as a private in Capt, Butlers Company, 
Ohio state J.Tilitia,from August 9th. 3612, to web. 9th. 1613. « 
He died in the year 1654, aged 63 years. 



39 

Th ir d G erg ration con .___ 

BfjISHA LCNG (ffo.18): Or as ha was ptspularily known, Gen 
Elisha Long, who ranks seventh In tho Third Generation, was born 
in Henry Co.Va. , in the month of May 1798. 

Ho became what might be called, -ho moat prominent character 
in the £.ong family, up to and during his tima; ana took an active 
port in politics and public affairs in ge:ioral. 

His boyhood was that, common to the pioneer American farmers 
son. When eight eon years of age, in company with hie. brother Ben- 
jamin, he enlisted in Capt. Butlers Company of tha Ohio state Mili- 
tia for the war of X 812; and shared in some very arduoi s service 
with that organisation, against the British and Indians, in north- 
ern Ohio and Indiana. Boaiacs other anss.g^iuents;ha participated 
in the battle of Kaumee,under Gen Tupper. 

This army experience created in him such a great liking for 
military life that he afterwards re-enlistea twice for emergency 
calls;and when real war was over, ho took an active part in al 1 mat 
ters pertaining tc the rilith. Ke became a thorough tactician anc 
aa a drill-master he had no superior. Ha was soldierly in appeara- 
nce, possessed a clear, strong voice, and had a faculty for winning 
the estaer.i of those around him; which imminently fitted Mm to com- 
mand. In after life he become the foremost man in military affain 
of his adopted state, Indiana. 

As a result of his cervices in the war of 3 812, there stands 
to his credit in the U. S.Eureau of Pensions the following: 



Bureau of Pensions, Ba-shin^ton 0. C. 

July 25hh.l895. 
Sir: 

Replying to your communication requesting the Military record 
of Kllsha hen--, a soldier of the war of 1312, ycu are advised as 



40 

Third Qe n orati on c on. 

of TClisha Long, a soldier of the war of 1812, you are advised as 
follows. 

Eli3ha Long - rio^ved as a private in Captain Butlers- Com- 
pany, Ohio Militia, from September 6th. 1812, to February 20th 1813; 
in Captain ^adnours Company Ohio J£ilitia,from the 1st. to the 9th. 
of August 1013; in Captain Hansons Company Ohio Militia, from Aug- 
ust 9th. to 3optsnbnr 4th. 1613. 

Very respectf ul ly, 

(signed) Win. Lochren, 

Coranissioner. 
John T. l,cn t : Esq, 

Ho. 79 aaarborn 8t. Chicago. 



.During his lifetime he was a farmer,merchant .politician ana 
a soldier. 

He married Malinda Hale in Jackson County Ohio;on the 14th. 
day of January 1814;by whom he became the father of nine children, 
namea respectively: Martha, Sarah, Rhoda, Joel Warren, Matilda, 
Ellen, Koses Jackson, Dicy, and Elisha Van Buren, 

Scon after marrying he, in partnership «ith his brother Joel 
purchased a tract of land in Jackson Co. Ohio. It might be wall to 
note that these two, from their earliest boyhood had shown an un- 
usual degree of brotherly regard for one another. Their growing 
intc manhoods estate greatly strengthened this tie, and until death 
separated thorn, their business was always conducted as their boy- 
hood sports had been: a mutual, confidential partnership. 

Their energies ./-ere bent towards tha improvement of the 
land purchased until the year 182 0;when they 30lrt their farm on a 
credit and moved svith their families to F&yne Co. Indiana; where 
they bought another tract of virgin forest .md began clearing it 
up for farming. 

iVhen the payment beau. 3 due on their Indiana purchase, Joel 
went Oack to Ohio to collect the money due them for the land 



41 

yhj j \i_ G ' sn a ra t i_on_ con. 

they had sold therajbut found to Ms regret that thy rurch^-r had 
fa lied, and he could oollect nothing. A", a consequence they .vera un- 
able to meet their obligation, and their second purchase «.lth all 
the improvements n:acle on i I sliped through their hands, a dead loss. 

The vigorous hopeful , young pioneers iver« in no wine iiche&rt- 
enedjbut seen aft»r maae their third venture, and purchased a tract 
of land in henry Co. adjoining Wayne County. To the new purchase 
they removed and for the third time began to cl ear away the dense 
forest, and fit it for cultivation. The third trial developed into 
t , } 8 ■ r c v r b i a 3 c h a rs n ; f o r af t e r irc p r c v i ng an d d e v e .1 o p 1 n g i t , u n t i 3, 
the yf-ar ieS5,they realised handsomely in the sale of it. 

Though this sale v/as a financial success, it was not a rose 
without the ma; for it brought about the first separation of those 
two brothers, and close mutual friends. With the capital they had 
acquired they purchased land in Kosciusko Co. in the norther;) part 
of the state;ai:d it #as to the interest of both that sane one 
should occupy and begin improving it. This duty devolved on Joel; 
for by this time Rlisha had be cone closely allied with the political 
destinies of the state,and it was groat ly to his interests to 
remain near this local ity. 

Seen after their separation Rlisha removed to Brookville, 
Franklin Co. Ind. where he resided until death, which occurred on 
Sunday evening Oct. 2nd. 1842, in the pririe of iife,»vhsn appearantly 
there w.ts a bright career before him. 

In his death thore passed away,asha-s been said, the most 
prrrainent character or the Long family, up to and including his 
time, he had acquited himself creditably in priv«te,and brilliant- 
ly in public 3ife;as a farmer } merchant, soldier and politician. 



42 

__ lb 1 r& CtCp'-rrixlJiO! ';_ Q O n . 

Buring hia residence in Henry Oo.he was elected Colonel and 
afterwards Brigaaior GonaraljCt she Indiana State &»iiitia, Hia 
public s«rviflda in civil li*3 .rare aiao quite extensive, iio 
served fourteen years in the Indiana State 3 agiaJature,nine of 
which were lr ~:i~ Hcxis« and C'iv:> in the 3enat«. 

He sms \ natural or.?.t erasing in improixptw «£>*;?ik^r of rare 
ability, °A3 :• politician :;han iv tha fiald,he wlij active, untiring 
an i uncorifiu<2rah3«, ho possessed a 3trong mind and a vast knewl edge 
of hum tin nature; and cculi contend successfully in canvass with 
wen ipue&r&nfcly hi:? superior, H 

socially (• meral Long «/as courteous and gentlemanly, Kis aoe- 
iety was courted alike by friends ana strangers. He had few 
enemies ar.'i r..uny frionas, A 5 an evidence of the estimation in 
se-hieh he was held # note that ha wis entrusted with a eiore varied 
ana greater number of iciportant public offices than any ether raan 
in Indiana, Ho servod as associate Judge ox' Henry County, was for 
two years Superintendent cf th^ Indiana division cf the National 
Poad,ouilt by tho U. 3. Government, and running; froia Cumberland 
Maryland to 3t. Louis fcioiaeourij which appointment was conferred 
upen hin by the Government. He «as elected a member of the state 
Board ui: Interna] Improvement, by the Indiana Legislature, which 
orrJc-3 he held for three years. He ac^uited hiiaaelf with honor in 
this of f ice; though ii was said At that time that f«.7 of the board 
did. At the time of hia daath he held the of;ioe of treasurer of 
Prar.Jrlin Of unty, which v.as nor. f«*r;VKi upon hira by the .-ooplp. ,vho 
recognised in hin a faithful public 3trvant,who had be c »i unfortun- 
ate in hie private business. 



43 

Ih ird generation con. 

At the time or his death his acquaintance war go- extensive 
v.i th the state, Long service in public life had brought him in con- 
tact with many prominent public men. His Lpualities for leadership 
pave Mm such pron finance in political matt era, that h-> was cor 
ly consulted on public af f:\ir3jand ho was often favorably mentioned 
to represent Indiana in the national Congress. A r?!fe?*snce to some 
corresoor.d«nce now preserved in the family, discloses the fact? 
that at the tine of his deTth,his friends intended at an early day 
tc prc.^ )iis n-*me fo" consideration as Senator in the U. 3. Congress. 

Ho itas an eame3t advocate of the Internal Improvement 
system, in rfhich the State was engaged. He vary early became 
satisfie d th 1 1 , th e m \ '- ch of e v on 1 3 mu 3 1 in tin 3 1 a r t> e iy a i$sd n i sh 
the importance or the water '.rays of the country, as freight 
carriors;and took the v.*ry advanced stand of advocating the 
building of rail-roads. 

K member of ore of the prominent Fletcher families, #1:0 vox 
intimately connected with the early history of Indiana, remarked 
to one of th? sons of Gen. Long, that he had heard tho General 
deliver an address at one time in the Legislature of the State, 
when tho question of Internal Improvements was under consideration 
and the speaker h«id up 3 nap of the state and pointing to the same 
prophetically stated that, he expected that within the next thirty 
years, Indiara would he cut and checkered in every direction ^y 
rail- roads, running to tho Tiast ,'^ost ,rorth and South. tfhen it is re- 
membered that rail-road bvi.ldin£ had scarcely ccrur-ecced in the East, 
and was entirely unknown West of the Allegheny Mountains at that 
early day, such an »tt*rance indicated a foresight into the 
future not given to most men. It is to he recalled that at 



1'hi rfl f >vcri t ' on con . 
that at that time telegraphs were unknown, the daily press ■•.-. 
only in a few of tho extreme eastern cities; tind t;iiere was no way 
to herald through the country accounts of the brilliant aohiev- 
ments of able men. Under those circumstances the acquirement of 
state popularity and prominence war. much of an achievement. 

Oan Tx>ng, possessed also In a high degree, the power to adapt 
himself to all conditions jbeing equally at home and self-possessed 
in the higher circles of hie day, as well as amongst; the plainer 
people. 

Home idea of his power of adaptation to his environment , can 
■be formed by the following circumstance ;r6fcated by his .vevn^pr ton 
(Mori. K. V. Long, Ho. 72), now residing (1897) in Las^egas K.tfexicc 

"In 18A6 I lived for a short time at Anderson J'adison Co. In;-. 
v?hich constituted in the early Gays a part of the legislative dis- 
trict represented by my father. Whilst improving a lot near the 
public square in Anderson, a farmer called on n^ f nnd enquired if I 
was a son cf Gen. Long. Being answered in the affirmative no seiz 
my hand with great ardour, saying; 'Young man f I knew your father v 
he was one of the best men I ever frnewjand heaving thar his son h-: 
located here I could not rest until I called en him. Among my mcsl 
valued possessions are some books your father gave me, when I was 
young. Re wan really the poor mans friend, and many a time sat at 
my table. 

I shall never forget *he first time he spoke in Anderson. He 
lived in Henry Co. and was a candidate for the state legislature. 
Do you see that lot over there whe**e the fine house stands across 
the street? Weil, at that time the lot was covered with fire buttet 
nut trees and they made a nice shady loafing place where people 



__gM :•>-.. f< •■:■•■"::.;•.:.-. j s con, 
who oaw to towu coajru,;, -.v.aci. About l-cciock t on the G . :v,:r. .■/ ttdv.-r 
tised juitG s crowd £al;h-.jr>*d th.-s* ,, « # anU ; .i'l' waiting for >.h\3 spy 
>-..':< n- so login, they uunoa themselves by pitching h 5*HQ-shoos.A :■!.; 
trams Into tho crowd and ensued In she fan t Pretty r.con ©th- 
orn began shooting at a nvirk-and this r tranter modestly asked per- 
mission to join them. At first he did not Fxhoctr very weii^yt when 
She contest bo came Mil ■■*•<■: r itin£j»ho lot himsolf otit t and hit she hulls 
~oye about evory t*me. & /jr^at many remarks wore made about the 
stranger and much curiosity manifested as to his identity, An 
vor,-) nju'ivCu oil one thing: He rr«.s the befit ss.iofc in tho country; 
wr.'ilch :£unc something in those £&¥?>» Some c? the young fol- 
lows jjofc v,< a foot -race ;vhi.e/i the stranger took a p«.rfc in, Hy this 
tiroe a large orovrd had ccngre^tod;,^ r:i:-; to wi ;. ?io-..- t;u. sporty and 
otnere to hoar the speech, Flvery body ^afi in.tuir'n.s if Hon. Long 
had got to town; nobody s« ©joins to know nim,it being his first 
v i s 5 e t o An do r s o n • 

A hie; stamp stod in the ce.ntor of tho £rovc,and *•*} v:orc ail 
irarprised after tha sport, to soo the stranger ••* n;nt tho atu:v and 
aek the people to give him attaticn. Ho be^an by thanking them for 
tho warmhearted rodeptlon they had Given hinjanfi then announced 
that ha was the speaker of the day; and the Democratic candidate 
for tho legislature. This announcement took every ono by sur- 
prise, and was followed by loud ch ;, o i t , T'vi unusual! manner Jn 
Tii? en he introduced himself, created a v~ry *Vi*orabia in* regi- 
on. Ho soon varmsd vp to his subject ar.d hi i speech wan spoken of 
'or years afterwards as th-s best ever made in tho comity, 

FM£ht Kin on this ?ot v/hich you wo irprcvins thnrc 
littlo f to**e; and tho o*rr-r seas RellJn- 1 filler , rhcr- the Tenernl srot 



Thl rd a CV 'Z.^ X .^SI}..S-?V: '-..■ 

through with bin speech, ho thanked the people for their kindnei 
and told tl.e-.ri tohat ho had a barrel of oidor across the street 
and asked all to .loin him whether thoy belonged to his party or 
not. The crowd cone right over here where we are standing. Your 
father bought the barrel of older, kno ok ed out the head, went Into 
the store and brought out a lot of tin eupo and passed them around 3 
allowing every man to help himself. 

while they were drinking, an old Whig got upon the horse, 
blookand said though ho never hud vote-! for a Democrat in hie life 
ho intended to vote for Gen. Long. Sorao one on the outside cade 
a notion that all present pledge themselves to vote for hlra. The 
old Yfhig put the notion, fro- 1 the horse-block and it carried unan- 
imously. 

That vr&B a great day In Andersen. At the- ol cot ion ut the 
General received alnost every veto in Anderson; find he continued 
tonhave the confidence of the people to the tine of his death. 

Thin is in substance a part of the old mans* narration; and 
it is given hore as expressing the opionion Of the subject of this 
sketch by a personal acquaintance of his own day and generation. 

A circumstance showing hie hatred for dishonesty may not be 
out of order hero. A prominent resident hear Lcosburg Indiana, rode 
from that place to Brookville, *horo the subject of thic sketch 
resided, and proposed that the General should secure the position 
of 0oni£ai3Sloner, to cet apart lands appropriated to the Indians. 
After securing the appoinment as Comniseioner, this nan eugreseed 
that ho co ild appropriate certain very choice lands that were 
already settled upon, but not yet legally entered by the sett- to 
lers. Viicn this citizen would go to the settlers and represent 



- 47- 
?bird Generation con. 



thorn that h • had sufficient influence v/ith the Government to have 
their landn exempted; but in order to bring it about it would necj 
essitate the payment of a large bonus. This bonus he proposed to j 
divide with the Commissioner. Thin proposition no angered Gen. 
Long that he indignantly ordered the nan out of his house; and 
though the nm was a prominent citizen, end a nan of political 
influonoe in the Northern part of th -e state, the general never 
spoke to him afterwards. 



Family Record 
«.b-of - - 



ELISHA LONG. 



(Elisha Long 
lAHdlAGES: ( and 

(Malinda Halo 



)<Ho. 13) 

) were married Jan. 14th A.D. 183 4 

) 



BIRTHS!-. 



.Elisha Long (Ho.l8)was born hay, A.D. 

Malinda Long " " Fab. aid A.D. 

(No. 65) was bornMar.Pnd. A<D( 



Martha Long 
Sarah Long 
Hhoda Long 
Jo< 



(No. 66) 

(No. 67) 

JoelWarren Long(#° • r > c - \ 

U at lid a Long (No. 69) 

Ellon Long (Ho. 70) 

Moses iTachson Long*^ 0, "l' 

Dicy Long (3o.72J 

Elisha Vanliuren Uo.7!}) 



Doc. 14th a.D, 
Aug. PBth a.D. 
Jan. 4th 
Apr. 12 th 
Mar. 20th 
Nov. 21 st 
An r. 23 rd 
Mar. 7th 



DEATHSs — 



Elioha Long 
Malinda Long 



(No.l8)died Oct. 2nd. 
K Nov. 74th, 



A.D, 
A.D. 
A.D. 

ki: 

A.D, 

A.D, 
A.D. 



1794 

1798 

1815 
1817 
1820 
1823 
1825 
1898 
1832 
1834 
1837 

1842 
184°. 



Thi rd (> on or at 1 on con , 
JOEL LOHO (Ho. if?)* The eighth in order, of the Toi«d Generation 
and the one to whom our fatally in Indebted, for all of the :. ,.•.>. t 
important points in this history, was born, in Patrick Oounty Vir- 
ginia; on the nth, day of March 1797. 

This was ono of H ttures own gentlemen. A strictly con. 
Bolentious, upright, honest Kan. as the writer once heard It said 
o fhitss "Law would bo unnecessary if all ncn were as honest as he" 

Though of United eduoation ho was endowed with the ];'. 
grade of intellectual strength, and wan the possessor of an u 
al litock of native ootnmon sense. His intercourse with men waeto 
liin a means of education. Hie early life wan that peculiar to the 
pioneer youth of the American frontier. In his seventh year 
he started to school for the first; but after attending for two 
and a half months he net with an accident, which besides disabling 
hita for sotio tine, seriouoly checked the progreos of his education. 

The circunstanoes connected with this accident were related 
thus: By the aide of the road which they traveled in going to and 
froa school, there vgs a very steeo hill; on the slope of which 
there grew a largo troe.Fron its top hung a large grace vino, 
which had been cut off hear the ground; so that ti swung free of 
the trunk of the tree, by taking hold of the vino and pushing off 
froa the slooo of the hill, the boys could swing a great distance 
out over the ravine below. Though they always received the strict 
injunction before leaving bone to not loiter at the swing, they 
alsioat Invariably played truant;and all took a swing except 
little Joel. Ke boing younger and more tinid than the rest, 
contented himself with loo ring on. However, bin brother Klieha 
and a nei- 



„ 49 - 
Third Ucneral 3 



ghbors' son persuaded bin t<b try the owing, as the vine; with 
boy clinging to it was making its first recoil toward the tree 
each of tho onlooker!? caught a leg and sent hiw whirling In to 
spao©. But their fun turned to Borrow; for hit* hold broke, and 
he was thrown a groat distance down the hillside; broaklng his 
arm In the fall. One bad thing usually leads to another. They knei 
that for thoir disobedience they would got severely punished f unleo« 
they avoided it by tolling a lie. They also "new that if the lie 
were detected thoir punishment would bo ton-fold greater; tow 
such wao the Banner after which our grand«.sires treated such ce .•■ 
They councelcd togather; as their disobedience was known to only 
three, thoir dread of punishment prevailed. They concluded to lie 
and stick to it. oo w}ien they arrived at home, they aaid that he 
(Joel) had fallen fron the top of a fence which it was neoesoary 
for the- to olirsb in going to and froa school, and broken hie arre. 
So well did the trio keep their secret, that it was not until long 
after they were aen, that the real truth was v: do V.viovm, This acci- 
dent virtually put an end to Joel's nchooling: for hy the. tine he 
had recovered, the school was over for the year, and ho had very 
little opportunity to attend afterwards; as schools on the front, 
tier were scarce. 

When he wao ten years old hie father coved to Galia County 
C. That County was subsequently divided; th: part in which the;/ 
lived being named Hacfcson Comity. 

During the latter part of the war in 1812, (that war war. 
not ended, until 131 4) when only oeeventeon years old, Joel enlisted 
as a substitute in Oapt. rillipja Kendalls 1 Oompany of thcx&b 
Ohio S3 tat o Militia, to fight the British and Indians, 



-50- 

Thir fl Q^wr^lJSX 1 con » 

After going Into camp a" Chillieothe Ohio, find going through 
dally routine of dri iling t and other duties peculiar to army camp- 
life for several weeks, his division broke camp and marched for the 
seat of war in the west; the western Lake Erie region. Before reach- 
ing their destination however, they received the news that peace 
had been declared. They were accordingly countermarched to Chillic- 
othe, and mustered cut of the service. 

By an oversight in his enrollment the name of the man for wrhom 
he enlisted as a substitute was used;instead of his own. Ac a con- 
sequence the name of Joel Long does not appear on the 1012 records. 

The next important novo after his array experience f was his en- 
trance into a partnership with his favorite brother Elisha;in the 
purchase of a tract of land. The story of that partnership has 
boon told in the biographical sketch of Blisha ("-10.1ft). How they 
bought, improved, sold on time and bought another tract, in Wayne Co. 
Indiana; expecting to pay for the new purchase, with the •'oney they 
wore to realize on the Ohio sale, and their loss by the failure of 
the Ohio purchaser. 

A still more important move was hie next one, In the year 1817; 
when he married Jane Sharp Boggs,the daughter of Andrew and Susanna 
Boggs. She was a native of Greenbrier Co. Virginia; though a resident. 
of Jackson Co.0.,at that time. The Boggs*were of Irish extract- 
ion, on both sides of the house ;thoir paternal grand-parents having 
emigrated from TTorth Ireland. Susannas' mothers maiden name was 
Bowon. She was a native of Maryland, and came of a family of wealth 
slave-holders . 

There were Y>crn to the principals of this union, ten children 
who were named: Jackson Green, Blisha, Jamas Turner,Matilda, 



-51- 

Thij;Q_G^r^ra t 'on .co/i. 

Susanna, Dicy, Robert Bennet , Sarah, Martha Jane, Joel and Jehu «>c 
Donald. It will not be amiss to toll that the name Green, used J ■ 
christening of the oldest son was an echo of the Revolutionary war; 
and was given him by his Grand-father, (Christopher ~io.2) in honor of 
General Green;under whom he had served, during Greens' campaing in 
the Carolinas. 

In the yvar 1820, after the birth of Jackson and Elisha, Joel 
moved with his brother Elisha to their second purchase of land in 
Wayne Co.Ind. 

As has bean t&d in the biography of Elisha, this second purchase 
with all the improvements on it was lost, through their inability 
to collect the money due from the sale of the Ohio land. It has 
also been told that their third purchase of land in Henry Co. Ind. 
proved a financial success ;as they realised enough in the sale 
of it in 1635, to make a much larger purchase of land in Kosciusko 
Co. in the Northern central part of the state. Thep followed the 
story of how a division of interests, brought about a separation 
of these two close friends and brothers ;by the removal of Joel to 
Kosciusko Co. 

During Joels'so.1ourn in Henry Co. he prospered in other ways, 
besides mere increase in land values ;for seven .-"ore children were 
added to his family circle. They were named: James> Turner, Watilda, 
susanna, Dicy, Robert Rennet, Sarah, and &artha Jane. 

It will not be out of order here, to tell that James Turner ■ 
the first white child born in Vanry County. He was named by his pa- 
ternal Granjfi-raother-, Sarah ;in honor of her Father, james Turner. 

The custom of v/lv9s perpetuating their maiden names, by 
ducing thorn into the families o^ tneir adoption, as gJ ven -names, 



-52- 

i Third r ^- : ^-raUo n_j£on_. __ T 
certainly a 'beautiful one. In this case 1b it especiaXy so. Sarah 
Turner being the first woman, (whose lull . aicion name la known) tha: 
married into the Long "Fami ly in America, certainly deserves to have 
her girlhood name handed down to hsr descendents {inasmuch as, the 
imprints of her life-work evidence, a woman of sterling qualities. 
It was in tha same house that Janes Turner was born,and Just five 
months after that event (Thursday April 11th, 1822) Mia'; the good 
old lady "passed to her rest." 

The descendants of Joel t-ong (Wo.l^) may be surprised to see 
the name Sarah in his family record. It can bo explained thus: 
It is recorded that a daughter was born (the eighth child), who af- 
ter a short life of almost ten Months passed away, without being 
named. The tiny mite was not to blame for hor coming into the world; 
nor was she at /fault, because hor parents could not find a suitable 
name for her during her lifetime. She deserved better treatment ;if 
her career was short. For that reason, the writer t wishing to honor 
her memory, even if seventy four years have elapsed since she passed 
to the other side, does now,at the risk of unfavorable criticism, 
very respectfully christen her, Sarah. She shall be named in 
honor of, and in honor for, the first two women whose names appear 
on the record of the Culpepper Long Family. 

It was on Sunday Oct. 11th. 185S that Joel started with his fami- 
ly, to try his -fortune in Kosciusko County. The Journey was made 
with wagons ;and they arrived at their destination on Thursday Oct. 
52nd. 1835 at about 2 P.M. The now home was situated on Little Tur- 
key Prairie, three miles nortn of Lessburg;in the above named cou- 
nty. There the two brothers had purchased adjoining tracts of land, 
so that in a business way they were still in touch witn one 



-■»- 

T Ii i •> ; 0_ .CiHi. i5-- r " ' : V L . l on co , ri •, 

another; though temporarily lost to view. 

Here were enacted the scenes of his last farming experier.cc): 
during the best part of his business life. Here he lived and flou- 
rished far above the ordinary farmer until the year 1865. In that 
time the younger.- two of his children, Joel Jr.and Jehy McDonald 
vera born;and the entire brood had married and gone forth to homes 

of their own. 

I 

The saddest misfortune of his life came on Thursday Sept. 26th. j 
18 39 j when his wife, the mother of all his children died,drom the 
effects of taking cold. She was laid to rest in the village cemete- 
ry neat teesburg. 

Six years later, his second marriage took place. It was on Sat- 
urday Oct ,25th. 1045 ; and the one of his choice was, Krs .Catherine 
Eby,of the southern part of Kosciusko Co. This was an addition of 
three to the family; for she had two daughters: named Sarah and 
jane. 

Having decided to retire from active business life, after dl.s- j 
posing of his farm to his eons james T. and Joel jr. on Thursday 
Sept ,21st .1865, he "Oved to Leesburg;whore he nad previously bought 
the hornets tead of his son Elisha, deceased. 

Such is an outline of Joel Longs' career as a private citizen. : 
His services,as seen in the lime-light of publicity, were but few. 
Those wore thrust upon him by admiring friends ;and actually again- 
st his own wishes. His was a clear and decided case of , "the office 
seeking the nan;" not the ran the office. He was an absolute stran 
ger to personal public ambition. The reasons he save for shrinking 
from public honors, are principally, because h3 loved, "a quiet hci 



-54- 

™ ! ! Jjli 1 r ' r ' : r ' "ll:~ kl 2 \ I £ £ D s 
life*" Besides ho did not consider himself educationally quail flsd 
to fill noma of tiiom cradi tably . 

Notwithstanding his aversion to publicity, there stands to his 
credit the following: 

Huring his* residence in Henry County, ho was elected Major 
of the Henry Co. f«lU}a. That office he filled with credit; to nil 
self and satisfaction to fchoj® whose ballots had placed him thor©; 
for like his brother Elisha,he had allowed the var of 1812, toinfu, 
a little of the military spirit into hin. 

Oil Monday Aug. 1st. 1836 he was elected to represent Kosciusko 
County, in the ntate legislature ;which office he held one term. 
During that ie.v:\ he served en the commission that located the coun- 
ty peat of Porfcor Co,Ind.(Valporaiso). 

Rome idea of his popularity can readily be formed,, when the 
statement is made thatj when ho ran for rapresentativs, ho receive* 
all the votes cast in tho county jexo^pt throe. A rv-.n hy the name 
of Aaron Powell, persuaded two of his nired men to voto against hiin 
their votes with his o*.-n making three. Pov/ells 1 only excuse for s( 
doing being that: he "uiu not thin- it right for any man to be eie< 
ted tc any office, without opposition." lI i3 action vras:°not because 
he had any thing gainst tha man." 

In the year 1840, he took the Censu* or Kosciusko County junder 
Hon .J esse P. Bright as Par ana U of State. 

From observations made mostly while in tho state legislature 
ho gavo Mf. opin'on of an education r--?ir>r this manner : *Atj educa- 
tion is an excellent thing, if it hr^a a man at th-* bottom of it;?jut 
an n du c a t & d f o o 1 Is a or -. e . " 

! T o bettor index to the oh-.ract^r r,o t - 10 R1 ,MPot , m .^ r cfir?'J- 



Third fionerrttiou no? 



oration can be had, than the following eulogy, written by hia noph" 
tv.¥ e r!on» R.V.Long of LasVogas Wot Mexico, 



Eas t LacVo gas 5T , ! !ex 5 co . 
s Rept.17th.lB97. 

Mr, John 3?'» Long, 

Chicago 111* 

My doar Sir;- 

) thank you fo>- the opportunity of saying something of 
your Gratis -father, Jool I/mgifor publication in your forthcoming 
faml ly genealogy. 

I beiivo in families, name and pride of honorable ancestry. In 
preserving therein rsciting them in history and tradition. '•'.-■ 
name is more to bo prized, than c^l-- or silver." High character is 
cuch certain proof of an upright Ufa, of propriety in conduct, that 
it should be a source of grat*1ficatton,rhon associated with a fam- 
ily name. It is to me n pleasant thought, and one stimulating to no- 
bler deeds, that in a long lino of ancestors, vlth its collateral br- 
anches* dishonesty or immorality har- n^ver be-on attributed to any of 
its member.' «. )- T ct that our family has been perfect; that 5:^ too much 
to expect, in ft vorld of struggle and temptation; but through all 
vicissitudes there aeems to have baen an innata sense of Inr.:. 
which kg far has preserved an unbiemis^d record. -And it is t' 
hopec" that, the knowledge of t:iir,, carried to future gvnorar.icn.s,$Y.ay 
stimulate those who corcoaft«r us to add lusfcer,anO even renown to 
our honorable name. 

Among !.)w very first and best of all men I over know?, stands 
your ^rand-father, .Tool Long, In ovary senna of the word nis was 
a grand and nobis character. Personally I knew him welljand in alJ. 
the walks of life, public arid private, never met any of bstte* judg- 
ment or higher sense of honor. The strong points in his Ufa 
his love of justice, his manly open-heartod frankness with tenacity 
of purpose and, broad and liberal views. 

Yo no while a partisan in politics, always aggressively and 
firmly for hi* party principals, and a Jackson Democrat (of the old 
fashioned Jefferscnian sencol) he seemed utterly destitute of per- 
sonal political ambition. Vq despised an office seeker, t^o natod a 
cringing time serving politjcianjand ha greatly admired a brave, 
open earnest public man,wno would fight- h* r> battles on principal. 
"All things tc all men," was his ror.ro. 

J col Long, was a natural leaser mens nor,. t To ft ,. iR ^ f< r , n ,, hy - 
oiquo.wiuh a veil balanced mind, unerring juu ;ement of men and things 
generous in disposition, positive in r»ir. convictions and manners, 
yet courteous to all. Tfe -as a mar of wonderful courage. 1 dont 
believe ho ever entertained the sense of foar;or even knew what it 
was. 

»*en in public assemblages welcomed him al ays, as or.; to be t" 
usted";having a capacity and power to direct. 'Jorwrosi ty and bsn- 
ovclenco wora ; -;rW:i: c!Kr&otC;rl sti cs of hir.. I r;r:a n that -i*"* "' 
my father died, the sub.iocr. of this rkat.cn .tournoyed en hcrsn-i'-iC'i 
from :iis farm near Looshurg. tc Tbrcokvi lie Indiana, 



~6^~ 



Third eventration con 



traversing two thirds of the length of the state, over n 
through wildarnesn e tG advise with my mother personally ab< is 
future o+' the family ;&rul that ho received rny brother Joel w".a» . 
member of his family the succeeding summer, to enable him to r 
a crop to aid us all In getting a start in a now country. 

In the fall your Rrand-father sent two of his sons with te 
to assist in the long removal, to the "orthern part of the mate J o 
were received, (our family of six), into his home ''or months ;until 
pur own now house wan ready for occupation. 

Yn many substantial ways ho r..i!i. -roc': us assistance, and to f.ho 
flay <: f his death, treated my fathers family as his own. 

The descendants and relatives ray we ; l cherish, the memory of , 
Joel Len^ja-ai oifwlat'j hif 50.. od ;i:alitio3. As tine advances, those 
who personally knew hin,will pass away;but $n tha distant years, i 
rhaps centuries, if any who boar nla nano, should chance eo re 
aketch*lot him or nor remember, tnat h's was ••>. noble lifo;full of 
good ;'-'.:'>,' i 'C' , th:' of emulation and should ''ia»i(! as an inspiration I 
to every Long on the "ace of the Berth, to honor the name by lives 
of piirity and uprightness, 

'Pho name as yet, may not be written high en the scroll of fame J 
but it i a imprSssefi on the hearts of men; for gr.'Ott deeds performed* 
for worcn find acts of kindness scattered by the way, and examples 
of integrity and high character. The record, so far, is one £^*» ^hi<j 
those who follow need not blush. 

I conclude with the hope, that our families may always cherish! 
towards each ether friendly relations ;and siiat in the present i - 
aratinn at least trier.- may be lin'sad together in r?ratof;;l re; 
ancG,the names cf two brothers mo so love for oac.n other was as, 
"Pavid and .lono-than;" and that fcher? two, your *}r*»nd~ father and my j 
Father., Joel and Kllsha Long, cruo brothers, may be pleasantly mrs 
omberoil by future generations of the family. 



Truly yoir 



«F0ol LonSfWan a great entertainer an* s, very liberal giv«r. 
Hi 8 god will toward r-on,cin be Illustrated by the following little 
anscuoto;one of his many acts of kindness. 

The writer wall raimmbers how, about mid-day while enjoying 
the youthful pleasure of a, Tunday at Oand-f others, " in the win- 
ter of lS62,during the Civil war, t ho iged 'Tost noticed four blue- 
eonted soldiers of Uncle Pam passing along the road. And how he 
stopped to the i\cr pjid beckoned chem t< come J n, ar.fi -''arm 



i id v u ' r :i\- ■)■ :: : ' I' ii con . 
and refresh themselves wlfth a ;ooo dinner ;pupplof:xnit in r.h.i invi- 
tation with the remark : "My father wan a Revolutionary sGlri*or t H.na 
he tangnt r«o to always treat (:vr conntrya defenders k*n<il: :for • r.r - 
thing is tco good Cor Lhem if they do their cuty 1 ". 

If, is needless to say that,tfeey acco^teO the generous Invita- 
tion, dinner unfi nil. WhJle waiting; r V r " U»e ; -> . -<.i • •:. . of tn: s-.oa'.i- 
Jm.o 2i0t viaadn on LhG hospitable board, Oand-fatte r arrtsed trie n ; ,- 
to-d*.te soldiers witn an exhibi tion of ine ranual of arms, tip it, 
was known in the .tar oT in in. 

Pinner over, the soldiers (^.]-i>-i;ci',^ir:v.-;r'!v b'.'wn sings on the 
"Old VJr«i«]*ii-\ 

Then it i? renv^nib reu that.,, "Joel rents' political principals 
w?ra v»>!'y r.uch in nyr'i*.-at'.iy - v1t»'i the Pouth, v * jj r" i r? " * n-- Civ' 3 war,th« 
uT'ov • episode can only bo in '^r^re t*d as »h\> re^lec-Jen of a >;*■ nt, 
soul, of a generous mil. 

One of tno pl^qsante^t^cf ail pleasant r.Mn r ^;,cf ciiH. -hooo. 
ti»rit 5? s?tiil ar. chore -J deep in ^v-^vy, Is the v^r.n^r in vmi in the 
long evenings of winder v.jre . ,-ent at 'Vntio-^i vrj, 

fupper over, ana the "enc? os" all done, the entire family, in- 
c In ding ci&r:J fled ftrrinvi-fatjujr, the patriarch of the flock, "hepo -e- 
r 'Tyoo though kindly locks commanded zm re.i^sct nf all, busy litM 
Oh* and -mot her, the no del r Quean of Ucn refolds , " vhor-n «ork s^moc; n ov- 
er y«.-ne, Uncle*?, Aunts,, en;* sovernl hireJ pion, nil - r.h-jrec ><.>•< ■■unC '.no 
blasting ;, iro of hugh "hack-logs " in the hf£ ope-n *'1ro-placA ; fl»uik 
ed on either side with its grear. cup -hoard?! of biac>. walnut, in "'• 
old howGd-log mans' on, bn 5 It -fter the r.«. ;■»:.»" ir *ii'cii r hey J ' J t ■" 
ir •;- »n, "Old Vir -inta*. 

hid thev en.iov '.homsolv-.'.s' There w\s tha ^v >- p>*3.<-int 



Third Ceneration eon. 



heaped up dish of rich lu clous apples, and tho big pitcher of frosh 
sweet cider; the Innocent promoters of sociability. Didn't the i .<-.;-.«• 
£j,ln all manner of yarns to laugh at, whi le &r and -mot. her ana the 
^irl*? r/iue the wheels hum, in spinning yarn of a noro substantial 
kind, or rapidly pliod the needles that Knit, that same yarn Into 
hose of i . >"o lengths? Long since vanished that beautiful drsam, 

Tho number of bodily injuries falling to the lor. of thin Pio- 
neer,was unusually large* By the time tie had reached his fortieth 
year, the arm which had been broken in child-hood at the s«*Jng,had 
been broken again In the same place. The other arm had been broke) 
at the wrist, three of his ribs had been broken, and he had suffered 
the Ions of his right eye, which was pierced by a flying splinter oi 
wood . 

Though naver having made a profession of religion, Joel Long 
was a believer in the "better life". The itinerant ministers of 
the Gospel of that time traveled Tar our, of their way, in order to 
make his house their stopping place; for they know they were sure en 
a hearty weleor-ie to his hearth-stone. The/ also knew they wonjd; 
never be allowed to depart empty handed* 

At tho time of his death ne had amongst the dead and. living 
(far the -est living), eleven children, fifty-six grand-children and 
thirtaan great-grand-ehildron;making in ail eighty descendants. 

He passed peacefully to tho other si o,at his hers in Lees- 
burg Indiana en Friday September l0th,1669;and was interrod in the 
Leasfcurg Cemetery, ^ho funeral servicer, were held In the opon air 
under the shade of the trees near the house ;and were conducted by 

Rev/ — Vartin,an old and estcor-'ed fnm* ly friend. 

Any or," wishing so s~o the will of Joel Lor.-? can .in Bo t on -h. - 
plieu^on t- the Clerk of Kosciusko Co.Ind. Recorded In Record < p 
Wills 'To.?, Pages 279,280 and PB1. 



,4 ►-,"> fion»r» i 5 on ('■ 

Parni iy Record 

-- cf — 



'arria 50s : 
Joel Long )e*o.U») 

uMii ) wore narrisci 

Jane Pharp Bo~gs) 

J ool Long )0?o,19) 

anO ) wore roars* 1©<S 

Mrs; Catharine F.hy) 



A. P. 1617 



iftfc.Ooi; ,25th. A. P ,1643 



Births: 

J e 1 Lon g ( ! ' o . 1 9 ) -:■', 3 bo ^n 

Jane Pharp Long w 

CatV) jr<ne Long 

Jac)r«on ~rvan Long( % -o,74)was born 

^lifsha T^n^ (* 75) " 

c Jar.es Turner Lonfl I" 76) ■ 

tfatilda Long ( • 77 ) ■ 

Pusanna Long ( * 7', )»» « 

Plcy Long (" 79 ) « 

Robert; Bonnot Longl * 60 ) *• " 

Sarah Li n-; ( M f 1 > " 

Martha J*.r:o Long (* PS J " 

Joel Lojis ( " 63) " " 

Jehu McPonald Long(" 84) w 



'onfl.Mar. *th. A, P, 17 97 
Vlcl.s-'-ay lOfch. A.P.1799 
A . P , 



Sat, 


Apr.iath. 


A. P. IP 


ifi 


Tl.IT 


.- ; :.\r. 7th. 


A.P.I! 


: !0 


Til. 


Apr. Hth. 


A . P . 1 F 


•-. ^ 


Tn« 


Pec. Rn<X. 


A.n.i f 


".1 


Til. 


Apr. 19th. 


a.p.u 




WrJ . 


*>"a.y 2"nrt , 


A. P. ).t 


P,9 


Ve<* , 


May 4ta. 


A. P. 1 J 


" 1 


Hon. 


Dec. 17 th. 


A.D.I'- 


■ -> 


ffad. 


An ;. fiti-.. 


A.P.I? 




Th. 


: riy i?.tn. 


A.P.1-' 


.-.-, 


Fri . 


Aug, 30th. 


A.P.I! 


?,9 



Poaths: 

Parsth Long (T'o.Bl) cUed 

J a no Pharp Long " 

.Teal Long (No. 19) " 



Fun. Oct, «th. A.D.18S3' 

Aged to, B9 days . 

Th. Pep, Rfith.A.P.ir.ss, 

A^od 40 vrr, .4 no.lG cays 
Fri. Pap. lOth.A.n.lfir.9, 
A«ad 7^ yrs.6 no ,4 days, 



-60 - 
Third Generation con. 



GABIUEL LOiiG {No. 20)»Tho ninth in order, of the Third Generation 

was born in Virginia. Nothing is known of him further than 
that he grew to manhood and married in hie native state. He be- 
came the father of ten children; whose genealogical numbers range 
from eighty-three (83) to ninety-two (92) their names arc unknown 
to UD,ezcopt that amongst them wore three whose nanee were: Ran- 
som, Lewis and Sarah; though what their corresponding numbers 
were is in doubt. 

Ho settled in Henry County Ind. where his wife died. He marp 
ied a second tine; the last four f hie children being of the second 
marriage. He died in Henry Co. about the your 1030. His second wife 
remarried in that county. 

In y'lol when hie father '.'arc 2nd. (No. 5) moved to Illinois he 
took the children of Gabriels fipt;t wife with him to the west. 

ABNSS LONG— .(No. 21): The tenth in order,of the Third Generation 
was born in Vurginia. He married early in lifo and it can not be 
said of him that he did rot obey the divine command to: R increase 
and multiply"; for he became the father of seventeen ohildren.None 
of their names are known to Ui3. 

About autumn in the yoar 1828, he started with hie family for 
the Vfestern frontier. Farl£ winter overtook him by the time he had 

reached Henry Go. Ind. and finding himself enongst relatives who had 
precesded him there he went into cuarters for the winter. In the 
following spring he proceeded on hie way, and eettled in Northern 
Illinois, Later on he moved to Southern Wif consln; since when all 
know!) edge of him in loet to us. 




WARE U.'TSii 3rd. (Ko.sn)iThe eleventh in order of the Third Gener- 
ation wao born in Virginia, He married on his native state and 
after several children were born to hira (how many wo know not), he 
emigrated from hits native ctato to the vicinity of Galena 111., 
inais. That was about the year 1829. 

The names of his children are unknown, except that he had 
a con Gabriel. It iB supneeed that one, Gabriel Long who was 
Judgo of Fayette Oo. Iowa, in the latter fifties, and who lived 
in West-Union the county neat that county as late as 1853, was 
a son of Ware Long«.Srd. 

Jfos.23 and 84: The twelvth and thirteenth in order of 
the Third Gen. were lost to this brunch of the family in ea&ly 
life. As has been told their father (Janes Long No. 7) was 
drowned in tho Susquehanna River, when they were quite young. 



Fourth Generation eon. 



MOSES JACKSON LQNG—(No.7l) tThe forty-sixth In order of 
the Fourth Generation, was born near Sauleburg Henry County Indiana, 
Hov.Slst.1832. 

Though the death of hie Father robbed hire of a guiding hand 
at the earl-/ age of ten, the boys after conduct was none the less 
dutiful end manly. The naying that trials develop the belter qual- 
ities in the real rum, hold good In hie case; for by the time he had 
entered young manhood, he had learned many lessons in disciplin.^Yhen 
confronted with the difficulties that always train in the ranks of 
serious life, he knew how to deal with then. The gem of quick a d 
correct perception, clear cool judgement, and a cheerful, haopy, kind 
and forgiving disposition, with which he was endowed by Mature, were 
early developed in him. 

At the time of hie fathers death, the family were living in 
Brookville Ind. In the autumn of 1046 they moved to Kosoiusko Co. 
and locate;! west of, end near Leesburg,on a farm purchased by hia 
father previous to his death. 

On of young Moso's eai*lieet ambitions waa to ©quip himself 
with a good education. Hie younger brother (Van) being like-minded, 
and the necessary expense funds being scarce, it required come sharp 
financiering to accomplish the desired results. It was impossible 
for both of them to attend the acade-.y at the some tine; go their 
educational advancement wao managed on a co.-.ooerative plan. While 
one was attending the Academy at Newcastle Ind. the other taught 
school near hone and helped on the farm when not ergaged in r>eda- 
go io duties. 

After finishing at the Academy, Moses taught the villags sch- 
ool at Lecsburg for a time. Later on he put himself in touch with 
Eercantile life by olerking in the general store of Mr. Archibald 



t3 



Fourth Generation con. 



of the come place. But ho w %a eoon convinced that neither of the 
thro© linos which ho had tried were enough to hie liking to make 
a life business of. After careful consideration, he did beoome con- 
vinced that, the legal profession, was the proper field for the app- 
lioation of hie energies. 

lie entered the law -office of Judge Stanfield,in SouthBend Ind 
and after a period of close application in study he was addnitted 
to the bar of Kosciusko County in the Spring of 1857. 

He opened an office in Warsaw, as Junior partner with Judge 
Lowry of Goshen Ind.; under the firm name of "Lowry r- Long." 
After a few years of successful practice, Judge Lowry withdrew 
from the firmjbut the void left by tho dissolution, was soon filed 
for Van Long having been admitted to the bar, stepped into the vacan- 
cy. Tho new partnership, was under the name of Long ft Brother. For 
many years it was one of the loading, if not tho leading law firm of 
the county. 

That," a man is never at hie boot, until allied with a good 
woman," ^as proven in this case. On Deo2Srd. 1865, ho married hies 
Simeramis Cowan, of Warsaw. A young lady with qualities co-equal with 
his own. This was a happy union, and in tine there were bron to them, 
throe children; named respectively: Hatti&o, Robert Till and barren 
Van. 

TTith the rare qualifications for entertaining, which they both 
possessed their home became the center of intelligent, cheerful hos 
-pitality. Fe-" couples could boast a wider and core devoted circle 
of friends. Friends in reality verc they. Hot of flashy superfici- 
alities, but of the substantial, and truly worthy. 

Tho* master of the house* was a man in Those bo so i there 



a- 7 



Fourth Generation con, 



rariklnd a Bpark of bate for no one;hut he ):now what it was to lovs 
many. In Mo hone or office alike, ho w-ib always ready to pro 
the M glad hand of friendship." And seldom was that hand of friend- 
ship offered in thr anto-meridian hours, unaccompanied by an invita- 
tion to dinner. To this the writer can testify, from personal ex- 
perience, iior was this effusion of good will in ruiy sense a falBe 
pretense} for he hated a hyprocrit. A friend in nnod never turned 
from him empty handed. 

The election of his partner and brother, to the judicial bench 
in 1871, left the bruden 6f an old and very extensive practise ent- 
irely on his handr. . At the tine of the dissolution of partnership 
Long and Brother had about o hundred canes awaiting for trial; and 
the docket of Kosciusko Co. was far behind. Great as the burden was, 
lie made no attempt to shirk it;but labored incessantly day and nig! 1 
in the interest of h ; s clients. 

There is a point beyond which human endurance cannot go; and 
in time the worst fears of bis friends v?ere realized. The collaree 
of his health cane. For his clients sake ho had sacrificed himself. 

With the hone of recuperating his shattered health, in the ep 
-ring of 1375 he retired to his farm, near Silver Lake, becoming 
convinced that nothing but an outdoor life would best suit his ph- 
ysical condition, he abandoned the nractice of law entirely an 1 in 
Oct. 1377 moved with hio family to the farm. 

The relief wan only temporary? for the very foundations of hie 
health had been undermined. Thourrh he soon realized that for him 
things of earth were about over;he waa singularly cheerful to the 
end. On Saturday norning,Beb. 12th. 1878, he died is he lived: 
cheerful. 






Fourth Generation cot;. 



Poaily Iieoord 
„- of ~~ 
MOSES JACKSON LONG 



MARRIAG3S3: 

U o c r» f3 J ft o ': n o n Long ) ( N o . 7 1 ) 

and V.roro narrio:! D©c.J?3d. A. D. 1863. 

Geaeratais u. Cowan) 



BIRTHS! 

Hosfis JaoIC3on Long (73 ) was born Nov. gist. A.D.3R35?. 
Seaoraals (j. Long R w 

Battle Long (No» 18J?)$as born Aug. 30th. A. D. I860 

Warren Van Long (No. 1 { !: V ) * w Fob. 11th. A. D.1869 

Robort Till Long(Mo.lG4) K * Sei)t,4th. A.D.V«70 



DEATHS I 

Mooes Jackson Long (No. 71) died Sat. Feb. ISth. A. D. 1878 



p . ■■•!!■. • I h Q en 'i r a 1 i on coil . 



JAMRS TUHHER LONG (Ho. 76) s The fiftieth in order of tho fourth 

Generation, was born in Henry Comity Indiana on the 11th day of Ap_ 
rll 18?2. 

To hiia w is givon tho honor, of being tho first white child ho- 
rn in that coxmty. 

For hies name ho was indebted to his Paternal Grand-mother, who 
was present at tho time of his birthj and named him in honor of hpr 
father, James Turner, of K 01d Virginia. ■ 

when he was thirteen years of age, his father moved to a newly 
purchased farm in Kosciusko Oo.InD, , three miles north of Leesburg, 
rhere for soae years, young .Tarries' life, was that peculiar to the fa- 
rmers son of that tine; working on the farm, and attending the ■'■■',. 
trict school, when it was in session. In his very early men-hood he 
entered the general store of Kr. Motoalf Beck, of Leeoburgjand for a 
tine tried mercantile life, as It was known in a country store. 
On the 23rd. day of August, 184P, he Married Miss Mary Bowman, 
the daughter of,-.7illiaro and Barbara Bowman of Piekway County Ohio: 
a young woman of estimable character, whose numerous and rare reel 
qualities, gave here a ehaming personality that caused those who 
met her, to feel at parting, that they wore leaving a friend. Briefly 
"to know her was to love her." 

It rarely hastens, that tho marriage tie creates a union of 
such unusual length as this proved to bo. Hot until the 2nth day 
of January 1899, more than fifty six years later was the tie broken 
by the death of the husband. 

To this union were born, two daughters and two sons; nsiied res- 
pectively* Jennie, "lizaboth Kendall, John turner and Joel 3annot. 
The business career of the subject of this sketch, was quite 



•• 



Fourth Generation con. 
varied,. After Harrying, the young coup In moved to a new fara In the 
southern part of Kosciusko Go, near the line of Wabask Go* Several 
years were spent here in turning a piece of "virgin forest* Into 
tillable ground. Then the current alternated. Mercantile life 
again held out inducements to him, and he moved with his family 
to Manchester in VTabash Co. and entered the general store of 
Hesoro. Lants& Davis. After a brief period the charms of husbandry 
again seemed to beckon to him; and having purchased a farm near 
Columbia City, in the adioining County of tfhifcley,ho moved thither 
in the year 1850. He had not lived there Jong, when a field entirely 
new to him opened vrido. lie hud become ponular amongst his new 
associates, and was offered the candidacy for County Treasurer by 
the Democratic Party, in 1854. Ee accented, and was elected. After 
his election, he purchased a homo in, and moved to Columbia City. 
His farm he subsequently sold to the county, for a poor-farm* 

At the tine of his election he was filling the office of 
Swamp Land Commissioner, to which he had been appointed by Governor 
Joseph A. bright, in 1853jwlthout; his knowledge. The latter office 
ho continued to hold until in 1855. 

His term as County Treasurer was so creditable that his 
friends urged him to accept the nomination for re-el ection«To their 
importunities he turned the d -af ear; for the Cover caussd by the 
cry of: "Westward ho," that was resounding throughout the country 
at that time, had taken deep root with him. It culminated in August 
1856. On the day of that month, he in company with a neighbor 

(George Roberts) started with their families to Iowa. It was before 
the railroads had put that trans-iiississipri state in touch with 
the eastern part of the country; so that the move was nade Pith 



r, 



Fourth Generation con. 
ordinary fart 1 ! wagono,with canvass covers; known at that tine ass 
"Prairie uchoonor. w When the emigrant train got vendor \.'f:.i r ,it co« 
neloted of: five wagone and one buggy; all drawn by horses. The n, 
ttle train was fully equiped with a complete cataping outfit: incl- 
uding tho big tent; bo that to look for lodgings during the jounie; 
was quite necessary. 

Tho rou.to chosen for the journey was westward to 7/arsaw, 
thence north through Le^sburg to the Home of "Grand-father" (Joel 
Long Ho. 19} 5 where a few days halt was Hade for a farewell visit 
with the "Patriarch" of tho family. In tho taeantiu© tho company 
was augmented by the edition of ISlisha (Ho. 74) the brother of the 
leader of the enigration, and his pon n^loo. 

Tho rout frora the paternal hoaestead was North through 
Goshen to Elkhart; thence west through ^outh Bend, LaPort, .Toilet, 
LaSallo,Geneseo, Rock-Island, Davenport, Muscatine and Oekalooea to 
Konxvi lie, Iowa, Tho Journey consulted a raonth,and wan acconspliGhed 
without serioun accident. 

The following winter was ono of unuBualsoverity;and fully c 
nvinced the leader of thin emigration that the clinato of lows w&e 
too cold for hira.Wtth the resolution that he would find a milder 
one, on the 13th. day of April 1857, tho emigrant train, inclu- 
ding tho Koberto family, wan again set in notion; equiped with ore I 
-ane iuctS'id of horses, ond heaied for Missouri. 

The rout wan through: Howbrun,l/hariton,hinevi lie, Princeton, 
Trenton, Ohilico the and Kingston to a farra a fow niles frons the li- 
ttle to'v^n of Hyrahle, which ho rented and proceeded to put in cor- 
ing ci'crs. 

In nany respects " 'issouri seemed to be lauch to bis liking 



Fourth Generation Pe n*. . ...,..«, 

but the clouds on the political horizon indicated that sorsekind of 
a national upheaval was in the near future. Wishing to be out of 
range of possible trouble and among ot those to whom he was held bj 
klnsh&ps ties, he cold out his entire farming equipment rnd in the 
latter part of August started bad: to Illinois. Hot by the routo 
be had cone, but via Missouri River steam-boat to St. Louis and Al„, 
ton; thence to the central part of Illinois by railway. 

From the timeof his arrival in Illinois, to the spring of 1bG{ 
he lived in or near the following towns i Lincoln, Ht, Pulaski, Mt.Zlon 
and Decanter. During the intervening time he was engaged in farming, 

In April 18G0 he made the final novo that brought him back 
to hiu native state. 

In the succeeding twenty-nine year's he lived in or near the 
following towns in. Indiana: Huntington, Leesburg, Rochester, Columbia 
City, (the place hwere he had known his greatest proGperity) and 
Knox in Stark County. The intervening time ran spent mostly in the 
mercantile, farming and milling businesn. 

His last nove was to Chicago in Dec. 18H9} to the hom9 of 
his eldest son. 

One remarkable trait of character possessed by Janes T. Long 
was the ability to forecast the future of various places. ;>ce whi 
ele making a call on a relative in Warsaw, Ind, , long bef<fre Duluth 
was thoujd:i of, he pointed to a wall map, and renting his finger on 
the spot where the city now stands, Eaid: B Thoro will grow up a gro 
-at city,noar that point some day. If you want to make money, go 
there mid invest." Behold the fulfillment of the prophesy. He pre,. 
dieted the greatness of Kansas City. In 1856, he was so cure that 
Pt.Deslioines (now Des Moines) Iowa would some day be the hub arouj 



Fourth Generation con, 

which the Btate of Iowa would rovolvo that ho almost conolud 
trade of a teaa of horses and wagon for a piece of ground near 
that on which the Capitol building now stands* It waE only the 
ridicule of his Borkher Jackson G. (No. 73) and a friend by the 
name of Lantz that prevented him from closing the trade. The 
value of that groung at present (1907) in not leas than a half 
million dollars. He foretold a great future for Oounoil Bluffs 
Iowa, which has nover boon roalized, for the Bimple reason that 
the greatness developed on the other eide of the Missouri River, 
Hence the dity of Cnoha. 

During the best part of hie business life he was a success* 
ful money maker; but he left the World a poor nan. 

He died in Chicago, On Friday January POth. 1899. He was 
followed on the "1st. d:vj of A gust of that year f by her who had 
shared with hin the rsemnjj nony arid varied successes end reverses 
which he had experienced in a period of over fifty-six years. 

In her death there passed from Earth, a most faithful, af- 
fectionate and loving wife and mother. She was a Christian Character 
of rarest type; and lived her life for otherG. If it in possible 
for one to so order their life, that when they die they can enter 
the "great unknown" without a debt to the "arth they left behind 
then certainly to her belonged that honor* 



. 



Fourt-h Gonern-tiort c: 



Faiaily Record 

-„ of— 

JAMES TUHHEH LOl.'G. 



MARRIAGES 8 

J /it a e 3 Til mor Long ) (Ho . 7P>) 

and )were raarriod Aug. 23rd. A. Dl 842 

loSary Kowaan ) 



felRTIliJj 



J&men Turner Long(?fo. 78) wac born Apr.lHh.A.D. 25' '■" 

Uary Long (ne faowaan) " B Jan. 23rd. A. D« 1821 

Jennie Long (Ho. pr>4) was bom Anr.lSth.A.D. i°- 17 

Elizabeth Kendall Lon>(l*o. 205) waa born, Aug. 7th. A, fi. 1 

John Tumor Long (No. 20fJ) w " Deo. 22ndA.D. 15 

Jool Uannot Long (No. 207) * " Aug. ERthA.D. v •: 



DEATHS: 

Jaroea Turner Long (Ko. 7<?) died, JaST. 20th. A. D. 1899 

Mary Long (no Bomaan) " Aug. 31st. A. D.I 



JCTtQN 



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