NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES THO''^ \a/^ LIBRARY h^ 710 of the Eugenics Record Office Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island This Book was acquired by from ^'W^'^^^-a'-g^-Tl^t-^^t^t /- 3il /'a X- of /^Ou^. \ ^r.^9/7 -Date ^^^ oT\\a-S , HENRY GODDARD THOMAS / / ©cncval t)cunj (&oiiiiavI) 1837 - 1897 iHcmovial JPortlmii), illttinc J 898 THE mw YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY 557r^3FB ASTUK, LK.NdX AW TILDKN fOl NflAlluNS « 1S50 L MEMOIR THE LAKESIDE PRESS PORTLAND, ME. Henry Goddard Thomas, the eldest son of William Widgery and Elizabeth White God- dard Thomas, was born in Portland, Maine, April 5, 1837. He came of sturdy New Eng- land stock, tracing back on his father's side to Isaiah Thomas, publisher of the first Bible in New England, and William Widgery, Judge and Member of Congress ; and on his mother's side descended from Timothy Pickering, pres- ident of the war board in Revolutionary times. Secretary of State and Postmaster General in Washington's administration, and General in the Revolutionary War, and Dr. John Goddard of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, who bore the unique distinction, as Charles Sumner once said, of being the only man who having been dul}^ elected to the United States Senate absolutely would not go. As a boy he attended Master Jackson's and later Master Libby's schools in Portland. He entered Bowdoin and was a member of the Theta Delta Chi Fraternity of that Col- lege. His final two years of college life were spent at Amherst, where he was graduated in 185S, receiving the degree of A. B. In July, 1865, he was unanimously elected an honorary 6 MEMOIR OF member of the Phi Beta Kappa Fraternit\' of Amherst College, and at the same time received the degree of A. M. At Bowdoin the degree of A. B. ad euild^m was conferred upon him in 1S94. At the age of twenty-one the sub-committee of the Portland High School came to him and offered him the place of First Assistant. He declined, sa^'ing he had never taught. Upon being told that discipline was the present, urgent need, he accepted the position. He read law, 1859-61, in the offices of Judge Edward Fox and of Josiah H. Drummond, Esq., and was admitted to the Cumberland bar at Portland, Maine; also, later, to the Oklahoma bar, Oklahoma Territory-. At the breaking out of the Rebellion, 1861, 3-oung Thomas, then twenty-four years of age, volunteered for the defense of the Union, raised a compau}' and entered the war, as Captain, Compan}- G, Fifth Maine Volunteers. He first " smelled powder" at Bull Run. His Colonel, Mark H. Bunnell, afterward member of Con- gress from ^linnesota, said of him : " Captain Thomas exhibited a coolness and courage not surpassed bj- anj- other on the field." Gen. O. O. Howard, commander of brig- ade, endorses this. " On the daj- of battle," he said, "I found 3-011 working hard to rallj' a broken line." From this and other recom- mendations Captain Thomas was appointed a HEXRY GODDARD THOMAS. 7 Captain in the United States Armv, August 5, 1861 ; having been mustered out, as Cap- tain of the Fifth ]\Iaine, August 26, 1S61. During the remainder of that vear and the following \-ear he was engaged in recruiting service and as mustering officer. By the recommendation of Governor Andrew he was nominated bv Brig.-Gen. Daniel Ull- man, February 26, 1863, as Colonel of one of the regiments of colored troops which General Ullman was authorized to raise. The nomi- nation was approved by the Secretary of War, March 4, 1S63, and on March 20, 1863, Captain Thomas was mustered into ser\-ice as Colonel of the colored regiment then or subsequentlv kno\\n as the Second Regiment U. S. \'olun- teers, which was later designated as the Sev- enth Infantry, Corps d'Afrique, and finally became the Seventy-ninth U. S. Colored Troops. He was the first regular officer to accept a colored regiment. In Louisiana he contracted malarial fever which developed first into a gastric and after- \vard a typhoid fever. His 3-outli and fine constitution enabled him to take the field again with his company, the Eleventh U. S. Infantry, serving with them through the cam- paign of 1S63, and being present in action at Snicker s Gap, Bristol, Rappahannock, Braudv \\'ine and Mine Run. lu the winter of 1S63-64 he was again 8 MEMOIR OF appointed Colouel, this time of the Nine- teenth U. S. Colored Troops. After raising his regiment in Maryland he was placed in command of Camp Biruey, near Baltimore, the largest post in the Middle Department, con- sisting of nearl}' three thousand men. He joined General Buruside April i8th, and May 3d was assigned to command the vSecond Brig- ade, Fourth Division, Nintli Corps. This brigade was composed entirely of raAv, colored troops. He was obliged to take his staff from captains and lieutenants of the brigade ; not one had served on staff before, and but one had ever been a commissioned officer. At starting, the brigade numbered but thirteen hundred men; later on, even in spite of heavy losses, it increased to about four thousand, as almost ever}- week brought a large number of recruits, and constant work was required to drill and discipline this new material. Taking the field (Ami}- of the Potomac) at the head of three regiments at the commence- ment of hostilities in April, 1864, he took part in all the battles of his command, — the Wil- derness, Spottsylvania, Petersburg, Explosion of the Mine, Weldon Railroad, Hatcher's Run, Ya., — to the taking of Richmond, when he was assigned to the only separate command, that of Manchester, ^^irginia, where he extinguished the fires set b}' their own people and saved millions of property; saved HENRY GODDARD THOMAS. 9 the mills, operated them and fed the people. He wa.s transferred to the Army of the James, Twent3'-fifth Corps, about New Year's, 1865, and commanded the First Division of that corps for a short period, as also the corps tem- porarily in the absence of General Weitzel. General Thomas was made Brigadier- General December 9, 1864, at the age of twenty-seven. In recommending him Gen- eral Burnside sa^'s: " His uniform good conduct, particularl}' his conspicuous gallan- try before Petersburg, July 30th, entitle him to the favorable consideration of the depart- ment." General Weitzel, taking leave of him at the close of the war, says: "His brigade is and alwa3-s has been one of the finest in my corps." Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, recom- mending him for Colonel (regular) at the close of the war, sa3'S : " His record as a true- hearted and attentive officer stands among the highest on every report of action or inspection." Upon one occasion, during mustering and disbursing dutv in Boston in the winter of 1861-62, when General Thomas was alone in the office, all others being off on duty. Governor Andrew sent his adjutant-general, and finally came himself, to say that two reg- iments which were in camp, one some twelve miles from Boston, the other further and in an opposite direction, were losing their men every hour, and they feared that under cover of the night so many might slip away that lO MEMOIR OF there might not be enough to muster a regi- ment. The General, then a j'outh of twent}'- four, arranged with the Governor to have relays of horses in each direction and a driver who would dare force them at a gallop over the roads. He rode over fifty miles that night at break-neck speed, mustered his two regiments, and at lo A.M., without having tasted food, awaited the Governor with the muster-rolls, extended and finished. This made Governor Andrew his friend — a friendship that lasted while Governor Andrew lived. In January, 1S65, after being moved from the Army of the Potomac to that of the James, he found on his line that the enemy had cap- tured a salient point which they had turned into a veritable bloody angle. One evening, personallj' heading four picked companies, he re-took the lost ground. General Butler hear- ing of this sent for him and had the matter minutel}^ explained. Prior to these exciting episodes, arrangements had been made for the reception of Mrs. Thomas at camp, of which fact General Butler was aware. After dis- posing of militar}' matters General Butler addressed General Thomas as follows: "I thought your wife was coming." General Thomas — " She is." General Butler — "When?" General Thomas — " Friday." HENRY GODDARD THOMAS. II General Butler — "Well, then, it's time 3'ou were off." General Thojl^s — " But uu- quartermas- ter goes in my place." General Butler — "Why?" General Thomas — " Because I want to get that broken line across to suit me." General Butler — "And what about meet- ing your wife? " General Tho:\ias — "Anybody can safely escort IMrs. Thomas, but no one has quite the interest I have to fix that revetment. I took it in person, and the Lord willing I'm going to hold it." General Butler — "^^'hat's your quarter- master's name? " General Thomas — "Captain S. x*\pping- ton." General Butler — (writing in his note- book, tearing out a leaf and giving it to General Thomas) "Very well, give him that." This proved to be an order on the captain of his despatch boat to transport the captain and the lad\- in his charge and show them ever}^ attention. In this wa}- they escaped the dirt}', over-crowded, regular boats, with all sorts of such hard characters on board as follow in the wake of a great army. It is needless, perhaps, to add after that that General Thomas was set down as one of But- ler's favorites. 12 MEMOIR OK Soon after the close of the war he was appointed Major Forty-first Infantry and declined it, because his medical advisers held that a return to the extreme .South in his case would bring death or permanent invalidism. General Thomas's subsequent army life was as follows: Portland, Maine, October, 1866, to September, 1867; Fort Wood, from September, 1867, to expiration of detail ; Freedmen's Bureau in Kentucky and Vir- ginia to spring of 1869; joined regiment at St. Paul, serving at Fort Snelling, Fort Totten, D. T. ; at Fort Ransom, D. T., in command of troops protecting construction of Northern Pacific Railroad from Cheyenne River to Missouri River, 1872; stationed at Fort Snelling, from October, 1S72, to the spring of 1876; removed Wennebago Indians from Wisconsin, winter of 1874-75; on duty with government exhibits at Philadelphia Centennial, 1876; at Fort Fred Steel, Wyo- ming, until the fall of 1878; promoted to be ]\Iajor Fourth U. S. Infantry in 1876, and in 1878 transferred to the Pay Corps, stationed successively at Omaha, Fort Sidney, Omaha, Fort Buford, D. T., Pueblo and Denver; and on sick leave dating from March 7, 1884. After more than thirty years of army ser- vice, nineteen of them on the Frontier among the Indians, and four full years in the war, his health failed so that he could no longer HKNRV GODDARD THOMAS. 1 3 staud the strain of active service, and at his own request he was retired, July 2, 1891. Reference has been made to General Thomas's literary- tastes. His love of music was very marked. He made quite a stud}' of its technical difficulties and played iipon the piano with expression and skill. He was fond of 3'achting, driving and horseback ; and of travel, mingling a keen stud}' of human nature with a genuine love of architecture and fine works of art. In quotation he was quick and read}-, the right phrase springing instantly to his lips, for he was a good scholar and memorized remarkably well. Naturally this quick wit and fondness for books set his own pen in action. He had a literary style of a rather rare distinction — epigrammatic, spirited and keen. As illustrations of his ability as a writer, one might quote from an exceedingly accurate and interesting chapter which he contributed to his brother's book, " Sweden and the Swedes," entitled "The King and His Men." It gives an excellent idea of the military manoeuvres of the army at the bien- nial grand encampment, with accounts of the mock charges and encounters reproduced with a noteworthy verve and originality. The same graphic force and clear-cut liter- ary style are prominent in his " Century War Series " contribution on the colored troops at 14 MKMOIR OF Petersburg. The fearful assault aud charge into the crater^ followiug the mine explosion, is given with great vigor, and the recital has the unmistakable story teller's art where General Thomas writes out the bars of music to " We-e looks like ine-en a-a-marchin' on, We looks li-ike ineii-er-war." Or again where he describes some of his men, in the midst of bloodshed and slaughter, spell-bound by the heroic action of young Lieutenant Pennell, " this superb bo}-," he says, " who was an onl}- child of an old Mass- achusetts clergjman, and to me as Jonathan to David." A characteristic production also is his " Twentj'-two Hours' Prisoner of War in Dixie," given at a meeting of the Loyal Legion and recently published by them, where a wonderfully powerful description of the battlefield strewn with the dead intro- duces his recital, merging into a most realistic and thrilling account of his entry b}- mistake into the rebel camp and of how he fared in the enem3''s midst. Here again unity, strong construction and the use of climax mark the natural raconteur and writer — the man who can tell a story or can equally well deliver it bj^ the stroke of an effective pen. Upon the occasions of General Thomas's various promotions many especiall}' interest- ing, recommendator}' letters were forthcom- HKNRY GODDARD THOMAS. 15 iug; from the officers and men of the Colored Troops (though at this time General Thomas had resigned the Colonelcy of the Nineteenth U. vS. Colored Troops) ; from Governor An- drew, endorsing these rec[uests; from \\^illiam Pitt Fessenden, Governors Coburn, Washburn and Cony, Senators Morrill and Hamlin, Gen- eral Burnside, Major Casey and IMajor Gordon, Colonel Bunnell, Colonel Howard and others. Governor Andrew writes to Secretar}' Stan- ton, November 6, 1S64, as follows: " I have the honor to join in the recommen- dations of Col. H. G. Thomas, a Captain of the Eleventh U. S. Infantry and Colonel of the Nineteenth U. S. Colored Troops, to be appointed Brigadier-General of Colored Troops. He is one of the first officers who in the Reg- ular Army sought an appointment in this branch of the service, in which he is reported to have accjuitted himself with honor. "I had occasion to form the acquaintance of Colonel Thomas while he was on staff duty in Massachusetts during the year 1862, where I received an agreeable impression of his fidelity' and capacit}' as a useful and zealous officer." In 1884 Governor Robie wrote to General Rochester, Pajanaster General U. S. A., in regard to a change of station for General Thomas : " I have been long acquainted with 1 6 MEMOIR OF the members of his family in Maine. The}^ are held in high estimation by myself and the citizens of onr vState and are descrying of great consideration for what they haye done for its religious, political, social and material prosperity. I understand from his \yorth3^ and venerable father, who is now in advanced 3'ears [Mr. Thomas, senior, liv^ed, strong in mind and body, thirteen j'ears after this date I, tliat tlie General is suffering in his health in consequence of long-continued ser- vice in the extreme western portions of our countr3-. I think that it is so. I need not add that his meritorious seryice in the ami}-, covering over a period of twenty-two years, has won for him the respect and regard of his fellow-citizens ; and the earnest wishes in his behalf of his family and many friends, who hold high and honorable positions in Maine, are entitled to consideration. I trust, my dear General, that the application of Pa^-- niaster Thomas, when made, may be in the interests of the seryice and maj- thereby receive \ our favorable action." To which application the Paymaster General made a courteous and interested response, suggest- ing an exchange of stations. It was not in General Thomas's nature to be idle. From time to time he mafic trips to luirope for his health and for the intellectual benefits that only such culture can bring. In HENRY GODDARD THOMAS. 1 7 Janiiar}', 1893, he went to Oklahoma City and there took up his residence. With energy and ardor he entered into the life of the new West, where he made man}' friends. He espoused the cause of single statehood. He became President of the Oklahoma National Bank, President of the Oklahoma City Water Company, Treasurer of the National Loan and Investment Company, and was talked of for Senator in the event of Oklahoma's admission to statehood. Upon going to Oklahoma he received the following letter from Gen. Benjamin F. Butler :— to whom it may concern : Whereas, Gen. Henry G. Thomas, U. S. Arni}- (retired), is aboiit to make his home in the far West, and whereas I alone of his com- manding officers (save General Howard, now absent in Europe) survive, and therefore have the necessar}' personal knowledge in the prem- ises, I therefore wish to speak now as unqual- ifiedly in the present as I have in the past of his patriotism, skill, courage and ability as an officer and his accomplishments and char- acter as a gentleman. His family, moreover, is equal to that of any in his section and locality. Benjamin F. Butler. An undermining disease, contracted during the war, from which he had been suffering for man}- years, resulted finally in pneumonia iS MEMOIR OF and extreme prostration. He could not rally at the close of an illness of fonr months, and at the time of his father's death was too ill to travel. He died Jannar}- 23, 1897, at Okla- homa, his brother, William W. Thomas, Jr., being with him at the last. General Thomas left a son, Henry G., and three danghters. Mar}- L. T., wife of Lient. William N. Blow, U. S. Army, stationed at Fort Wingate, New Mexico, Louise Webster and Ellen Widgery. TRIBUTES BY THE PRESS. The following extracts from the press are appended : — GEX. H. G. THOMAS, FORMERLY OF PORTLAND. Oklahoma City, Jan. 23d. — Gen. H. G. Thomas, of Portland, ^le., died here to-day. He owned the Oklahoma City Water Works, and had other large investments in the Territor}-. Henrj? Goddard Thomas, Brigadier and Brevet Major-General, U. S. \'., Major, Brevet Lientenant-Colonel, Colonel and Brigadier- General of the United States Ami}-, was the son of the late Hon. VV^illiam W. Thomas, Portland's war ]\Ia3'or. He was gradnated from Amherst College in 1S5S. He entered the army as Captain of Company G, Fifth Maine. He participated in many battles of the war. He was retired July 2, 1891, after a continuous service of thirt}' years, at his own request, on account of impaired health. — Hai// /;<<,• Aw r/?. C.J Post. 22 MEMOIR OF DID GALLANT SERVICE IN THE WAR. DEATH OK GENERAL HENRY G. THOMAS, ANNOUNCED FROM OKLAHOMA. Portland, Me., Jan. 23, 1897. Gen. Henry G. Thomas, whose death at Oklahoma was annoiinced in a despatch from there to-day, was a son of the late Hon. William W. Tlunnas, President of the Canal National Bank, who died a few weeks ago, in his 94th year, and a brother of the Hon. William W. Thomas, Jr., ex-Miuister to Sweden and Norway. General Thomas was born in Portland fiftj-- uine years ago, was graduated from Amherst in 1858, and a few years later was admitted to the bar in this count}'. At the In-eaking out of the war he enlisted as a private. Fifth Maine Volunteers, served as captain of that company from June to August, and was then trans- ferred to the Eleventh United States infantry, with rank of captain. After the first battle of Bull Run he was appointed Colonel of the Second U. S. colored regiment, and engaged in the actions of Bristoe, Rappahannock and Mine Run. He then organized the Nineteenth U. S. Colored Regiment and became its Colonel in December, 1863. In Februar}', 1864, he was in command at Camp Birney, Md., and he led a brigade in the Ninth corp. Army of the Potomac, from May to November, 1864, being engaged in the battles of the Wilderness, vSpottsj'lvania and other important engage- ments. He was made Brigadier-General of Volunteers Nov. 30, 1864, and transferred to the Army of the James. He led a brigade HKNRY GODDARD THOMAS. 23 and division in the Twentj'-eighth Corps of that army and temporarily commanded the corps. He received the brevets of Major for gallant service at Spottsylvania, Lientenant- Colonel for service at Petersburg, and Colonel, Brigadier-General and Major-Geueral for ser- vices during the war. He was honorably mustered out of the vol- unteer service in 1866, but remained in the U. S. Army as Paymaster, with the rank of Major, for 3-ears. — Boston Herald. A GALLANT OFFICER DEAD. MAJOR HENRY G. THOMAS PASSFIS AWAY AFTER LONG SERVICE. Washington, D. C, Jan. 25th. — The War Department has received notice of the death of Major Henry G. Thomas, retired, in Okla- homa. IVIajor Thomas, a native of Maine, entered the army in June, 1861, as captain of the Fifth Maine Infantry, and was a Brevet Major-General when he was mustered out as a volunteer in 1866. He maintained his con- nection with the Regular i\rmy as Major until 1 89 1, when at his request he was retired, hav- ing served more than twenty years. He owed his promotions during the war to gallant conduct in the battles of Spottsylvania and Petersburg. — San Francisco Call. 24 MEMOIR OF GENERAL HEXRV G. THOMAS. Portland, ]\Ie., Jan. 23d (special). — General Henry G. Thomas died to-da}- in Oklahoma, where he had been ill for some time. He was a son of the late Hon. William W. Thomas, of Portland, and a brother of W. W. Thomas, Jr., ex-Minister to Sweden. General Thomas was fifty-nine years of age. He was born in Portland, and was gradnated at Amherst College in 185S, and later admit- ted to the bar. He enlisted as a private in the Fifth Maine \"olnnteers in 1861, and was Captain in that regiment from June to Angnst, when he took the same rank in the Eleventh Regular Infantry. He was present at the first battle of Bnll Run. Being appointed Colonel of the Second United States Colored Regiment in Febrnary, 1S63, he was engaged in the actions at Bristoe, Rappahannock and Mine Run, \"a. He then organized the Nineteenth Colored Regiment, and became its Colonel in December, 1863. In Febrnary, 1S64, hewasin command at Camp Birnej-, INId., and he led a brigade in the Ninth Corps, Army of the Potomac, from Alay to November. He was made Brigadier-General of \^olnnteers on November 30, 1864, and transferred to the Army of the James. He led a brigade and a division in the Twenty-fifth Corps of that ami}', and temporarilv commanded the corps. He was mustered ont of the volunteer service in 1 866, but remained in the ITnited vStates Armv as Pa^-master, with the rank of ]\Iajor, for some years. General Thomas was the first regular officer to accept the colonelcy of colored troops. — yW.c )'(';7>- Tribune. HENRY GODDARD THOMAS. 25 GKN. H. G. THOMAS DEAD. PASSED AWAY YESTERDAY IN OKLAHOMA CITY. WAS ONE OF Maine's most distinguished SOLDIERS in civil WAR. HAD ALSO SEEN MANY YEARS OE SERVICE AGAINST T?IE INDIANS. Portland, Me., Jan. 23.— Mr. Elias Thomas, of thi.s city, received a telegram from Hou. William W. Thomas, Jr., this afternoon an- nouncing the death at Oklahoma City of Gen. Henry G. Thomas, U. vS. A., retired. General Thomas had a distinguished mili- tary career. He was born in Portland, April 5, 1837, and was a son of the late Hon. Wil- liam W. Thomas, of this city. He was mus- tered into the service of the United States May 27, 1S61, as Captain of Company G, P'ifth Maine Regiment. He was in the first Bull Run battle and was complimented for his cool- ness and bravery by Col. Mark H. Bunnell. In the same battle he won the applause of Gen. O. O. Howard and was appointed Captain of the Eleventh U. S. Infantry. He received, on the recommendation of Governor Andrew of ]\Iassachusetts, a commission as Colonel of a colored regiment, and was the first regular officer to command a regiment of colored troops. He was made a Brigadier-General December 9, 1864, at the age of twenty-seven. This promotion was given on recommendation of General Burnside for " conspicuous gallantry 26 mk:\ioir of before Petersburg." He was giveu the brevet of colouel and Brigadier-Geueral U. S. A. and Major-Geueral of vohniteers for distinguished services through the entire war. General Thomas was in the teniporar3' command of the first division of the Twenty-fifth Corps in 1865, and was later in temporar^^ command of the corps. He was an officer of the Regular Army after the war and was almost constantlj' on active duty. He was engaged in service against the Indians and in 1S74 removed the W'enuebago Indians from Wisconsin. After thirty years of service General Thomas retired and for some time lived in Portland. He then went to Oklahoma City, where he was extensively engaged in business at the time of his death. After retiring from the army General Thomas traveled extensivel}'. He visited vSweden and while there was present at a review of the vSwedish army, and later wrote a vivid descrip- tion of that event under the title of "The King and His Men." He also wrote considerable historical matter regarding the war. During the war General Thomas was almost constantly at the front, and won every promo- tion bj' gallant conduct on the field of battle. He was present at the battles of Bull Run, Snicker's Gap, Bristoe, Rappahannock, Brand}' Station, ]\Iine Run, all the battles of the Wil- derness, Spottsylvania, Petersburg, the Mine Explosion, Weldon Railroad, Hatcher's Run and the taking of Richmond. General Thomas was a member of the bar of this county and also of Oklahoma. He HENRY GOUDARD THOMAS. 27 was ineutioued for U. vS. Senator in the event of the admission of the territorj' to statehood, and also for the ofHce of Governor of the territory. He was no politician and never sought civil office. When the news of his illness reached here his brother, Hon. William W. Thomas, Jr., at once went on and was with him when he died. General Thomas was one of the most distinguished of the soldiers of INIaine in the civil war. — Boston Globe, Jan. 2^. GENERAL THOMAS DP:AD. CLOSE OF THE LIFE OF A DLSTINGUISHED SOL- DIER .-^ND CIVILIAN. A special to The Leader 3-esterday an- nounced the demise of Gen. Henry G. Thomas, at Oklahoma Cit}^ at au earl}- hour yesterday morning. The announcement will create surprise and cause regret to hundreds of people in the territory who were intimately acquainted with the distinguished veteran and who respected and loved him. The end was peaceful and serene. General Thomas was aged fift3--nine 3'ears, and came to Oklahoma four 3'ears ago. He located at Oklahoma City and became closely identified with its business interests. He was President of the Oklahoma City Water Works and was interested in other public institutions. General Thomas was ever3' inch a gentleman. He served with distinction in the war, where 28 MEMOIR OF he won his title. A brother of the deceased, Hon. W. W. Thomas, Jr., was at his bedside during his last hours. The funeral will take place at 2 o'clock this afternoon from the Pres- byterian Church at Oklahoma City. It will be conducted by Colonel Stiles and a battalion of the First Regiment, O. N. G. After the service the remains will be taken to the depot under military escort, and the body will be sent to Portland, Maine, the old home of the deceased, for interment. Governor Ren- frow and staff officers, Colonel Huston, Major Jennison, Major Niblack and Captain Uelane\-, Captain Barnes and others will attend the funeral from this cit}'. Company A, O. N. G., and the regimental band will leave on the noon train to take part in the obsecjnies. — Guthrie, O. T., Dai/y Leader, fan . 2^. HKXRY GODDARl) THOMAS. News of the death of Gen. H. G. Thomas was received in this citj' Saturday afternoon. General Thomas has been an ailing man for man}' 3'ears, his infirmities dating back to the closing daj'S of the civil war, in which he took so conspicuous a part. It is superfluous to mention General Thom- as's militarj' record, known to all ; it is need- less to say anj'thing about his ancestry' in the city his ancestors have helped to build, and where his kinspeople dwell to-day honored amid troops of friends. General Thomas was fifty-nine years old. He was born in this city and was graduated at HENRY GODDARD THOMAS. 29 Amherst College iu 1858, and was later admitted to the bar. General Thomas enlisted as a private in the Fifth Maine \'olunteers in 1861, and was Captain in that regiment from June to August, when he was given the same rank in the Elev- enth Regular Infantrj'. He was present at the lirst battle of Bull Run and was appointed Colonel of the vSecond U. S. Colored Regiment in February-, 1863, and engaged in the actions of Bristoe Station, Rappahannock vStation and Mine Run, Vir- ginia. He then organized the Nineteenth U. S. Colored Regiment and became its Colonel December, 1863. In Februar}', 1864, he was in command at Camp Birnej-, Maryland, and he led a brig- ade in the Ninth Corps, Arnij' of the Potomac, from May to November, 1864, being engaged in the battles of the Wilderness, SpottS3-lvania and other important engagements. He was made Brigadier-General of Volun- teers November 30, 1864, and transferred to the Army of the James. He led a brigade and division in the Tvvent\'-fifth Corps of that arni}' and temporarily commanded the corps. During the war he received the brevets of Major for gallant service at vSpottsylvania ; Lieutenant-Colonel for services at Petersburg; and Colonel, Brigadier-General and Major- General for services during the war. He was honorably mustered out of the vol- unteer service in 1866, but remained in the ITnited States Army as Paymaster, with the rank of Major, for many j-ears, being retired in 1 89 1. 30 MEMOIR OK The immediate cause of Geueral Thomas's death was pneiimonia, though he has been on a sick-bed since vSeptember. A week ago Satiirday his brother, Hon. W. W. Thomas, Jr., heard of his dangerous illness and hast- ened to his bedside, reaching Oklahoma last Monda}-. The funeral took place in Oklahoma yes- terday and the body will be brought to Port- land for iuterment the coming Wednesdaj-. — .hxus, Jan. 2^. MILITARY FUNERAL .SERVICE AT OKLAHOMA CITY. GENERAL THOINIAS DEAD. AT 6.30 YESTERDAY JIORNING GENERAL THOMAS BREATHED HIS LAST. A MILITARY FUNERAL TO-DAY. AT PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH REV. MR. HAWLEY WILL DELIVER THE FUNERAL ADDRESS. Yesterda}^ morning at 6.30 Gen. Henry G. Thomas breathed liis last, after a long illness. The funeral will take place to-da}^ at 2 P. M. at the Presbyterian Chitrch. The funeral will be military and will be conducted by the First Regiment, Oklahoma National Guards and the sermon will be preached by Rev. Mr. Hawley. The First Regiment band will also attend. His remains will be taken to Portland, Me., for burial. General Thomas spent the summer in Europe, returning to Oklahoma City in November. General Thomas had been ill for some time, but about a week ago, his doctors fearing his illness might prove fatal, telegraphed his rel- atives in Maine and his brother. Hem. W. W. Thomas, Jr., immediately came on. General Thomas has been a great aid in the upbuilding of Oklahoma, having invested as largely in Oklahoma Cit}' enterprises as any other single individual. x'Yside from his death being a blow to the city financially, the 34 MEMOIR OF poor of the citj- will feel his death keenlj\ In his bosom beat a most kiudl}-, charitable heart and man^- a poor familj- will mourn his death. As an instance of his charit}-, a few daj'S before Christmas he had a thoroiigh canvass made of the need}- of the cit}' and Christmas eve ever}- destitute family in the city was bountifully provided for at General Thomas's expense. General Thomas was a distinguished mem- ber of a prominent fauiil}-. His father, Hon. William W. Thomas, was the war maj-or of Portland, Me., his brother, W. W. Thomas, Jr., has been twice minister to »Sweden and speaker of the Maine House of Representa- tives, and his ancestors were amoug the first colonists of New England. His title of General was earned, not assumed. He served nineteeti ^^ears of military service, four 3'ears in the rebellion. At the age of twentj'-seven he received and earned the title of General for braver}' in battle. — flailv OklalioDian , Jan. ^/. an iiniposing funeral. governor renfrow axd staff, companies a and c, first rfxilment, and regi- mental band attend general Thomas's funf;ral. The military funeral of Gen. Henry G. Thomas, Sunday-, was a most sad and impos- ing one. The weather was \&xy inclement and prevented many from attending. The HENRY GODDARD THOMAS. 35 bitterly cold wind, the frozen streets and the strict discipline of the marching troops all seemed to be allegorical of the rugged life and death of a brave soldier and a gallant defender of his countr}'. Governor Renfrow and his staff, Company A, First Regiment, O. N. G., and the First Regiment Band arrived from Guthrie at 1.30 o'clock and shortly afterwards formed in line at the armor}', where the\- were joined b}- Companj' C of this city, and under the com- mand of Colonel Stiles were marched to the corner of Main and Robinson streets, where the funeral procession was formed as follows : First Regiment Band. Company C, O. N. G., Captain Overholser, commanding. Company A, O. N. G., Lieutenant Brewer, commanding. Gun carriage bearing the casket, which was wrapped in the flag, and the sword of the dead soldier lying across the casket. On each side of the casket marched the pall-bearers. Col. J. H. Wheeler, Lieut.-Col. R. B. Huston, Maj. Leslie G. Niblack and Capt. L. R. Delanej' of the Governor's staff; Capt. C. A. Barnes, Compan}- A, First Regiment, O. N. G. ; First Lieut. A. W. Dunham, Company G, First Regiment, O. N. G. The riding horse of General Thomas. Car- riage containing Hon. W. W. Thomas, Jr., brother of the deceased, and Governor Ren- frow. The procession marched to the Prcsb^'te- rian Church, where short but impressive ser- vices were held, conducted by the Rev. Mr. Francis. ^6 MEMOIR OK After the services, the procession, headed by the band playing a beantiful funeral march, wended its way down the frozen streets to the vSanta Fe depot, where the body of the gallant soldier was sent to Portland, Me., its last resting place. — Daitv Oklahoiiiaii . Jan. 26. FURTHER PRESS NOTICES. CIVIL AND MILITARY CAREER OF GENERAL THOMAS. Portland, Me., Jan. 30. — The announce- ment of the death of Gen. Henry G. Thomas took his friends here outside of his immediate famil}- almost completely b}^ surprise. While he had been for some years a resident of the West, General Thomas came here every sea- son and never lost his interest in his native city. A JMajor-General at twenty-seven, his mili- tary career was remarkably brilliant. He was in the Regular Army, of which he was a retired ofiEcer at the time of his death. Warm hearted and generous to a fault, brave, it was said, to rashness, he was the very ideal of a dashing soldier. He was here the past summer, but was far from well at that time. He showed a deep interest in political affairs, but even then he may have understood that he was fighting his last battle and that it must be a losing one. He had as a soldier the confidence of his commanding officers, and every promotion he received was given him for services on the field of battle. He was rapidly promoted, but his advance was due to his own efforts. He was known here simplj^ as a brilliant soldier, but in the West he showed that he had in him the material of which great busi- ness men are made. There he succeeded in 40 MEMOIR OK pushing many lines of business and made them pa}'. His brother, Hon. W. W. Thomas, Jr., was with him when he died. — Boston Globe. DEATH OK GEN. HENRY C. THOMAS IN OKLAHOMA. News of the death of Gen. H. G. Thomas was received in this city ^-esterda}- afternoon. It is superfluous to mention General Tliom- as's militar}- record, and it is not necessary- to speak of his ancestry in a city where his kins- people dwell to-day honored and respected. Henry Thomas was one of those boys, fresh from collegiate life, who rallied to the defense of the Union at the first call to arms. Just graduated from Amherst and entering upon the study of the law, he responded to his countrj-'s call when Ivincoln appealed to the patriotism and manhood of the North. Enlist- ing in that grand old fighting regiment, the Fifth Maine, as a private he came out of the conflict with the straps of a Major-General upon his sliapeh' shoulders. He had the courage to take command of a colored regi- ment when the negro was almost as much a subject of ridicule at the North as at the South, and he conducted those swarthy and stalwart fellows through many a hard-fought battle. For his meritorious services he was given a commission in the Regular Arni}-, and remained in the service until placed on the retired list. After that he went to the newly HENRY GODUARD THOMAS. 4 1 created territoiy of Oklahoma, and was one of the makers of that new land. General Thomas was lifty-niue ^ears old. He was boru in this cit}', and was graduated at Amherst College in 185S, and was later admitted to the bar. He enlisted as a private in the Fifth Maine Volunteers in 186 1, and was Captain in that regiment from June to August, when he was given the same rank in the Kle\ enth Regular Infantr}'. He was present at the first battle of Bull Run and was appointed Colonel of the .Second U. S. Colored Regiment in Februar3', 1863, and engaged in the actions at Bristoe Station, Rappahannock Station and Mine Run, Yh- ginia. He then organized the Nineteenth U. S. Colored Regiment and became its Colonel December, 1863. In February, 1864, he was in command at Camp Birnej', Mar3dand, and he led a brigade in the Ninth Corps, Army of the Potomac, from Ma}- to November, 1864, being engaged in the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania and other important engagements. He was made Brigadier-General of \'oluu- teers November 30, 1864, and transferred to the Army of the James. He led a brigade and division in the Twentj'-fifth Corps of that army, and temporaril}' commanded the corps. During the war he received the brevets of Major for gallant service at vSpottsylvania ; Lieutenant-Colonel for services at Petersburg; and Colonel, Brigadier-General and IMajor- Geueral for services during the war. He was honorably mustered out of the vol- 42 MEMOIR OF iinteer service in 1866, but remained in the v. S. Army as Paymaster, with the rank of Major, for man}' j-ears. The immediate cause of General Thomas's death was pneumonia, though he has been on a sick-bed since September. A week ago j-es- terda}' his brother, Hon. W. W. Thomas, Jr., heard of his dangerous illness and hastened to his bedside, reaching Oklahoma last IMondaj'. The funeral takes place in Oklahoma to-da}', and the body will be brought to Portland for interment the coming Wednesday. — SiDidaj Times, Jan. 24. OBSEQUIES AT PORTLAND. MEMORIAL ADDRESS BY REV. ROLLIN T. HACK. GRAND ARMY BURIAL SERVICE. FUNERAL OF GENERAL THOMAS. SERVICES AT HIS HOME. ADDRESS DELIVERED BY REV. R. T. HACK, OF THE SECOND PARISH. The funeral of the late General Henry G. Thomas took place from the homestead on Danforth Street yesterday afternoon. A large number of old friends of the family and of the deceased gathered to pay the last tribute to his memory. Delegations were in attendance from the military order of the Loyal Legion, the Fifth Maine Regiment Association, and Bosworth Post, No. 2, G. A. R., of which organizations General Thomas had been a member. Among the men prominent in the late war and in the councils of the state who were present were Ex-Governor and General Joshua Chamberlain, Ex-Governor and Colonel Robie, Major-General Francis Fessenden, U. S. A., retired, Captain Rogers, Second x'Vrtil- lery, U. S. A., Col. H. R. Millett, Fifth Maine Volunteer Infantr}^ Ex-Mayor and Maj. H. S. Melcher, Twentieth Maine Volunteer In- fantry, Capt. George E. Brown, Fifth Maine ^"olunteer Infantr}-, Rev. and IMaj. H. S. Birr- rage, Maj. W. H. Green, Maine A'olunteer Infantry, V. S. District Attorne}- and Col. Albert W. Bradbury, Capt. George W. Verrill, Seventeenth Maine Volunteer Infantr}^, Gen. 46 MEMOIR OF Charles P. :Mattock.s, U. S. Volunteers, r^Iaj. Charles H. Boyd, late of the U. S. Coast Sur- vey, Hod. George F. Emery, Hon. Byron D. Yerrill, Capt. George F. French, Docter Shan- non and Mr. Noj^es of Saco, Messrs. Bailey and Somerby, directors of the Canal National Bank, Messrs. Fritz H. Jordan, E. M. Rand, Esq., Charles E. Marwick and others. The casket was placed in the front parlor, draped with the American flag and literally biiried in choice flowers, among which were a beautiful wreath from the Loyal Legion and a maltese cross from the Fifth Maine Asso- ciation. The form of the deceased was attired in the uniform of his full rank. The services commenced with the singing of the beautiful hymn, " Gathering Home," by the vSecond Parish choir, after which Rev. Mr. Hack, pastor of the Second Parish, read a .selection from Scripture. The choir then sang " A Charge to Keep I Have," after which Mr. Hack spoke as follows: — Friends, we gather to pay the last lionors to a soldier. I did not know General Thomas; but he was one of those men who at the first call sprang to the defense of his country. The rumble of war has been lost in the dis- tance of years. To a whole generation it is but a tradition — a tradition kept alive by mon- uments and memorial services, by a little study of history and by the sacred memories of a dear one who gave his life for his country. Wc are being educated in these days to look upon war as unspeakably horrible and brutal and wicked. Great hearts have so felt ever since at least the prophet Lsaiah declared HENRY GODDARD THOMAS. 47 that the "armor of the armed man in the fray aud the garments rolled in blood shall ever be for burning, for fuel of fire." But we are in danger of forgetting that war ma}' be unspeakably glorious, a chastisement but also a purification, a discipline but a crown- ing as well. Such was our civil war, the sad- dest and costliest known, but inevitable, and glorious in that wrongs were righted and a nation burst its own bonds of guilty peace and indifference to the right and also struck the shackles of slavery from millions of men and women. Such was the war General Thomas entered. He enlisted among the first and was appointed Captain of Company G, Fifth Maine. At Bull Run the whole country learned that there was to be no holi- da}' excursion, and here Captain Thomas, a young man of twenty-four, was complimented for his " coolness and bravery," and entered upon a career of daring and valor that led to a steady advancement in rank and honors. It has been well said that his title of General was earned, not assumed. He was the first regular officer to command a colored regiment, being made Colonel of the Seventj'-ninth U. v'^. Colored Infantry in March, 1S63, and not quite two years later receiving the rank of Brigadier-General for conspicuous gallantrv before Petersburg. It was at Petersburg that General Thomas charged with his troops through the "crater," up the slope bej-ond, against the enemy's breastworks, where they were met by so ter- rific a fire that only a handful of men came out alive from that "hell" of fire and slaugh- 48 MKMOIR OK ter. Through all the Wilderness campaign he was present, having a part in those battles that wasted our troops like snow under an April sun. A list of the battles in which General Thomas was engaged shows how almost continuousl}' he was at the front dur- ing the war. The strain of such service, the privations that attended the life of a soldier wM'ought their inevitable result. In those five years were laid the foundations of that disease which ended his life at the age of fift}'- nine. He came of a long-lived stock and he might well have looked forward to his more than three-score and ten ^-ears. But the truth is men who served their five j-ears in the war and came out alive had forfeited from ten to thirty ^-ears of their normal lifetime. Honors earned are worth everything, but we in these days of peace sometimes forget what we owe the men who bought and con- quered peace with honor, for us and our chil- dren. And we sometimes forget the price that the soldier paid, the abiding penalty that was exacted from him through all his years of strength, for those years of strength were too often years of " labor and sorrow," because the war was war, and sowed its dragon teeth of trouble and disease. I do not speak of those things simply to glorify the memory of General Thomas, but to recall to your minds the debt we owe the men who put their years, their life, into the crucible of patriotism that there might come out the divine products, peace and liberty. To me the empty sleeve, the halting step, the bent form of the soldier are sacred, and we HENRY GODDARD THOMAS. 49 should enshrine in our hearts their memories, and tell over fondly their names that the cause for which they gave themselves may not perish from among us. In 1866 General Thomas was mustered out as brevet Brigadier-General in the Regular Ami)- and brevet Major-General of the U. S. Volunteers. Within a few months he was in service with the Regular Arm_v, and for about a cjuarter of a century served in the West. During that period he removed a tribe of Indians, the Wennebagoes, from Wisconsin to their new reservation, and was engaged in the most difficult and tr3'ing of all services, that against the Indians. In 1878 he was transferred to the pa}? department, and after thirty 3'ears of constant service retired from the army. Of his travels abroad, of his intellectual abilities and personal qualities, I cannot speak except in another's words. Sa^-s one : " Music was his delight, and he played and sang with deep insight into the science. He wielded a brilliant pen, as wit- ness his Century articles and other publica- tions. His wit in portraying character showed him to possess something of the actor's dra- matic ability. These gifts made him very companionable." The last j-ears of his life were spent in Oklahoma Cit}', where he was prominent in business affairs. The end came when he was thirty-four 3-ears younger than his venerable father, whom we gathered to mourn and remember so few weeks ago. In the midst of what was reallv his last sickness he rallied and was able to be about for a few weeks. 50 MEMOIR OF It was during this period, just before Christ- mas, in meiuory of his father and in gratitude for his partial 'recovery, that he did a deed of such wide and sweet charity as to make his name cherished in a hundred homes in Okla- homa. Not satisfied with a few families to minister to, he advertised for the names of the worthy poor, and personally investigated all cases, sending to all the needy a generous supply of good things for Christmas. And one remembers with Horace Mann that " to pity distress is human, but to relieve it is godlike." But the disease that had been upon him for so many years was not to be stayed, and he was suddenly prostrated and died January 23, 1897. In the last days of his life he had the com- fort of the presence of a brother, and his last intelligible utterance was to repeat the words of that hymn, doubtless connected with his boyhood days, made dear by many memories : "A charge to keep 1 have, A God to glorify ; A never-dying soul to save, And fit it for the sky." At the close of the address Mr. Hack offered prayer, and the choir sang "Jerusalem the Golden." Then Commander KUis and Chap- lain Samson of Bosworth Post performed the beautiful burial service of the Grand .\rmy. Mr. Hack offered the benediction, and the services were concluded. After the services a detail from the battery of U. S. Artillery stationed at Fort Preble bore the casket to the hearse and the remains HENRY GODDARD THOJIAS. 5 1 were taken to Evergreen for interment. The pall-bearers were Gen. Francis Fessenden, Adjt. Edward U. Rand, Maj. H. S. Barrage and Captain Rogers, representing the Loyal Legion ; Col. W. H. Millett and Capt. George E. Brown, representing the Fifth Maine Asso- ciation ; Maj. H. S. Melcher and Maj. W. S. Green, representing Bosworth Post, G. A. R. — Press, Ja)iiiarx joth. LATER CONTRIBUTIONS. THE LATE HENRY G. THOMAS. Portland, Me. — "He was mv f rieud " was the thought of Imndreds here when the death of Geii. H. G. Thomas, U. S. A., retired, was announced last vSaturday afternoon. vSome- how it was sinipl_v impossible to know General Thomas without liking him, and there was something about the man that made other men cling to him as to a friend. A more original man never lived. He blazed for himself his own path through this world and followed it persisteutlj-. His brill- iant intellect was not made to go in any groove, no matter how smooth it might be. He loved the dash and storm of the battle field. He was a born fighter. His first battle showed that the soldier element was strong in him, and after his own command had been cut down to a few men, his commanding offi- cer found that he had reformed a broken line, and that men of man}^ regiments were facing the enemy under the leadership of the j^oung captain. From that time forward he was a marked man, a soldier to be remembered and to be promoted. He loved to be at the front and never wanted to be detached for other duty. He was one of the very few officers for whom the late General Butler had a really hearty liking. The old soldier knew that 56 MEMOIR OF the yoimg general was devoted to him, and he fully appreciated the depth and value of his friendship. To the end of the life of Gen- eral Butler the two generals met frequently, and the younger man who was in the West when General Butler died paid a fine tribute to his memory. General Thomas was for many years after the war in the Regular Army, and in fact had almost thirty years of army life to his credit. He did some notable things, for instance being the first regular officer to com- mand a regiment of colored troops. He was then but little more than twenty-five, but to his great surprise and not a little to his dis- gust found that his men called him "the old Colonel," having reference to his rank rather than to his age. He saw much of frontier post life. Unlike his brother, Hon. William W. Thomas, Jr., he took little or no part in politics, but he was a remarkably well-informed man, and after his removal to the West was a frequent and always welcome speaker. The remains of General Thomas were buried here Friday with military honors. He will be long remembered not only by those who knew him in the army, but by many who will cherish his memory as that of a good friend as well as a gallant soldier. It was very like the man that at Christmas time, after he had made a temporary recovery from his sickness, in gratitude for that recov- ery and as a memorial of his father, the late Hon. William W. Thomas, he advertised for cases of destitution and helped hundreds to have a bright Christmas. HENRY GODDAKD THOMAS. 57 There might, very properl3' it would seem, be a movement to place the portraits of the late IMajor-General Beal and the late I\Iajor- General Thomas in the state house. Maine would then pa}- at least a tribute of respect to two of the distinguished soldiers of the late war. — Bangor Daily 'Commercial. The death of Gen. Henry G. Thomas, com- ing so soon after the death of his honored father, Hon. William \\\ Thomas, gave to his native city a touch of sadness. His funeral, yesterday, was attended by a large delegation of military men, \vho had fought under his leadership and knew his worth. General Thomas had a brusque manner, but his heart overflowed with love and kindness. — Nciv York Herald. THE LATE GENERAL THOMAS. The late Gen. Henry G. Thomas was more than a brave and distinguished soldier of the late war, he was more than the faithful ser- vant of his country on the frontier, he was a good friend and a warm-hearted gentleman. General Thomas ^\-as a member of a very notable family. His father, the late Hon. William ^\^ Thomas, was a man of weight in the community and one who always led on- ward ; he w as a born leader of men and was especially fortunate in his sons. Mr. Thomas's 58 MEMOIR OF sons now living are William Widgerj-, Jr., ex-Minister to Sweden and Norwaj', and Elias Thomas, of Portland, Maine. Gen. Henry G. Thomas was one of the first to respond to the call of President Lincoln and he remained at his post until the last gun was fired. He passed rapidly from posi- tion to position, but his honors were won by hard and brilliant service on the field of bat- tle. He was one of the most distinguished of the soldiers of the Union at the time of his death, and will be long remembered by his former comrades. With the close of the war he re-entered the Regular Ami}' and saw much and hard ser- vice on the frontier. He was no fair-weather soldier, but took whatever hard service fell to his lot. He removed a tribe of Indians to a new reservation, and discharged that ex- tremely difficult dut}' in a masterh- manner. In his later years he was a resident of a western city, and there showed that he pos- sessed to a very marked degree the family ability and business acuteness. He made his mark there as he always had before in any field of labor to which he was called, and was a power not onl};- in a business sense, but socially and politically. He did more than invest monejr with good judgment, he became of decided benefit to the poor of that frontier city. There never was a kinder heart than that of the old soldier who seemed to man^- to be so rough and almost harsh. Before the writer of this poor tribute to his honored memory is an Indian corn basket, a well-made, l)ut still far from valuable, affair. It was for a long HENRY GODDARD THOMAS. 59 time the propertj- of General Thomas, aud connected with it is a story reflecting the highest credit on him. While stationed on the frontier he in some way discovered that a family living in a dug- out, a poor little place half below, half above, the ground, was in desperate need. The poor people were astonished when the General called. He found them almost starving, their sole provision a little meal. General Thomas was then far from being a rich man and there were many demands on his money, but he did not hesitate. To help them he gave up without the slightest hesita- tion the many little things he loved and to which he was accustomed. If other officers half laughed at him he didn't mind it in the least ; that poor family, thanks to him, were hungry and cold no more that winter. And the kindness of the General did not stop there. He helped the farmer along until he had raised a crop, and then accepted the one thing the grateful family had to offer him, the Indian basket, in which he found the youngest child of the family cradled when he paid them his first visit. And that act was in keeping with his life. Outwardly careless and indifferent, as a mat- ter of fact he tried to do good and succeeded. The poor of the frontier city where he made his home knew and blessed him. He flattered no man. To him the man was everything, the rank nothing. Once, and once only, did the public know of one of his numberless acts of kindness. When unable to be out, he was forced to advertise for information of cases of Avant. 6o MEMOIR OF And so the brilliant soldier, the good man of business, the careful and prudent investor, the kiudl}' giver, the distinguished citizen of two sections of his country and the defender of the Union, rests from his labors. His battles are over; his travels ended. Maine received back the soldier she gave to the Union, and here his memory will be cherished. " O, never hoie his ancient state A truer son or hra\"er." He took command of a regiment of colored troops when Jefferson Davis had proclaimed that the commander of colored troops if cap- tured would be instantly executed. That act struck the kejMiote of his life. He believed that it was his duty to render that service to his country and he never thought of any pos- sible danger to himself. He received his ever}' promotion for service on the field, and it is not too much to say that his brave battle for life during his last year deserved the last and final promotion, the rest to which the war-worn soldier has passed. — Nortlirni Plaiiidralcr. MAJOR-GENRRAI. THOMAS. HIS RKCKNT DEATH IN OKLAHOMA CITY RECALLS HIS GREAT SERVICES. One bv one the heroes of the late war are passing away, and in a few 3'ears, at the most, but few of the distinguished leaders will remain. There recently died in Oklahoma City a man who jilayed a distinguished jjart HENRY GODDARD THOMAS. 6 1 during the war, and who during thirty event- ful years was in the military service of his country. General Henry G. Thomas was born in Portland, Me., and was a son of the late Hon. W. W. Thomas, who died at the age of ninety- four. General Thomas came of good fighting stock, Revolutiouar}- stock in fact. The war found him, as it found many others, ready for almost anything except the camp and the battle-field, but he said at once, "I must do what I can." He was commis- sioned a Captain, and saw his first actual fighting at liull Run. There the future gen- eral was found, after the retreat began, doing his best to reform a line and to lead his men against the eneni}-. Assigned to temporary duty at the North, and then promoted to the Regular xA.rmy, he was offered the command of a regiment of colored troops. The service was a very dan- gerous one. Capture would have been fol- lowed by death, the Confederate Government having outlawed all officers of colored regi- ments. The offered commission was accepted by Colonel Thomas, who felt that he ought to take whatever risk there might be in that special line of duty. He was the first officer of the Regular Army to accept the command of a regiment of colored troops. His career was remarkable in many respects. He was for the most part at the front while the war lasted. He was given the brevet rank of INIajor for gallant service in the battle of vSpottsyivania, brevet Lieutenant-Colonel for gallant services in front of Petersburg, 62 MEMOIR OF Colonel and Brigadier-General, U. S. A., and Major-General of Volnnteers for gallant ser- vices during the entire war. General Thomas had temporar}- command of a corps, and is survived by but a single man who ever gave him an order, Alaj.-Gen. O. O. Howard, U. S. A., retired. General Thomas served with General But- ler, and won the confidence of that distin- guished commander by his gallant services. General Thomas was a fighting officer and a man after General Butler's own heart. After the war he was able to render many and distinguished services to the country on the frontier. To him was assigned the deli- cate duty of removing an entire tribe of Indians to their new reservation. He retired from the army after a service of thirty years. In civil life he was active and during his latter years prominent. He was a man of generous nature, and his last act before his fatal illness was to make Christmas a bright day for manj^ poor people. He was a soldier by nature, rather than education. He served through the war with- out once asking to be allowed to leave his command, and was almost constantly at the front. His military record was surpassed by few if anj' officers of his rank. — From Pennsylvania (iiit, William spoil , Finn. General Henry Goddanl Thomas, U. S. A., retired, who died at Oklalunua City, O. T., Jan. 23d, had a distinguished record of ser- HKNRY GODDARD THOMAS. 63 vice. He went to the front in June, 1S61, as Captain of the Fifth Maine Infantry, and soon afterwards was appointed Captain of the Eleventh U. S. Infantr}'. He was success- ively Colonel of the Seventj'-uinth and Nine- teenth U. S. Colored Infantry and in Novem- ber, 1864, was appointed Brigadier-General of A'olunteers. On the reorganization of the Army, in 1S66, he declined the appointment of Major, Forty-first U. vS. Infantry, was trans- ferred to the Twentieth V. S. Infantry, pro- moted ]\Iajor, Fourth U. vS. Infantry, 1876, transferred to the Pay Department in 187S, and retired at his own request in 1891. Gen- eral Thomas held brevets for gallantrj' from Major to Brigadier-General in the Regular Army, and Major-General of \"olunteers. He had large Inisiness interests in Oklahoma Territory, where he was well known and highly respected. — Army a>!d A\ivy Joiinia/, A\ >'. City, Jainiarv jof/i . The regular March meeting of the Maine Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the Fruited States was held last evening at the Falmouth Hotel. In man}^ respects this meeting was the most interest- ing and notable that the commander}- has ever held. Nearlj- sixty members of the order were present. The following casualties were reported : Died in Norway, December 11, 1896, Com- panion George Lafayette Beal, late Brigadier- General and brevet Major-General, U. S. \. 64 MKMOIR OF Died in Oklahoma City, Jalnlar^■ 23, 1897, Coin])aiiion Heiirj' G. Thomas, late Major and Paymaster; brevet Brigadier-General, U. S. A. ; late Brigadier-General and brevet Major-General, U. S. \'. A paper in memory- of the late General Thomas was presented b}- General h'rancis Fessenden. — Portland /'/rss. IN MEMORIAL— LOYAL LEGION. fIDilitarv ®r^cr of tbc %ov_nl Xcoion of tbc TUnitct) States, Commandery of the State of Maine. ITn flRentoriam. HENRY OODDARD THOMHS, Late Major and Paymaster; Bvt. Bri^.-Gen., U. S. A.; Brig:.-Genera! and Bvt. Major-General, U. S. V. l\ MILITARY ORDER OF THE LOYAL LEGION OF THE UNITED STATES. 11.va^^lllaltc^■» Comniaiii'ci'v ot tlx State of /iDaiiic. ClKCl'LAR No. 3. Series of 1897- Whole Number 141. Poillaud, Marcli 6, /Sijj. The /o//o7lw'//o tribute to tlir iin'iiiorv of Companion 1bcnr\> 6o^^ar^ (Iboniae, intr Major and Paymaster : Bvt . Briir .-General U. S. ./.,- Brio;. -Genera/ and Bvt. A/a/ .-Genera/ ['. S. f'., :eas read and adopted at a stated meeting of t/iis Coin- nia7ideiy, Marcli j, iSgj: The committee appointed to prepare a memorial for Brevet .Major-General Henry Goddard Thomas, United States \'olnn- teers, and a co4iipanion of this Commandery, snbmit the follow- inj; : — I'revet Major-General Henry Goddanl Thomas, United States X'olunteers, a Major and Brevet Brigadier-General in the Army of the United States, died in Oklahoma City, January 23, 1897. General Thomas was born in Portland, Maine, on the 5th of April, 1837. He was graduated from Amherst College in 185S, and was preparing for the legal profession when the breaking out of the Rebellion in 1861 impelled him to volunteer for the defense of the Union. In a few days he raised a company, and on the 24th of June, iS5i, was mustered into the United States service as Captain in the 5th .Maine Infantry. He commanded his company at I'.ull Run, the first great battle of the civil war. Heintzelman's division, in whicli he served, bore the heaviest loss on that historic day, and Captain Thomas was officially reported " to have discharged his duties with marked courage and .self-possession." For his coiuIik t in this battle, he was, on the recommendation of General Howard, his brigade com- mander, appointed, in August, iS6i, a Captain in the United States Army. During the autumn of 1861 and the year 1862 he was employed on recruiting service and in mustering and dis- bursing duty. The government having decided to employ col- ored regiments, Captain Thomas at once applied for service with these troops, and in March, 1863, was appointed Colonel of the 7gth United States Colored Infantry. With this regiment he proceeded to the Department of the Gulf, where he was prostrated by diseases of the climate and, having been ordered North on sick leave, was, at his own request, mustered out of this service on July 11, 1863. Recovering his health, he took command of his company, in the nth United States Infantry, at Culpepper, Virginia, and was present in the actions of Snicker's Gap, Bristoe, Rappahannock, Brandy Station and Mine Run. The government again assigned him to service with the colored troops, and in January, 1S64, he w-as appointed Colonel of the 19th United States Colored Infantry. He passed the winter of 1864 in organizing and drilling a brigade of colored infantry near Baltimore, Maryland. With this brigade he joined Burn- side's gth Corps in April. In the e.\traordinary campaign of 1S64-65, under General Grant, Colonel Thomas commanded the 2d brigade of the 4th division in the 9th Corps, and subse- quently the ist brigade of the ist division in the 25th Corps, participating in the great battles of the Wilderness, Spottsyl- vania, Petersburg, the Explosion of the Mine, the Weldon Rail- road, Hatcher's Run and the capture of Richmond. He was promoted to Brigadier-General of Volunteers on November 30 1S64, on the recommendation of General Burnside, "for his uniform good conduct, and particularly his conspicuous gallantry on July ^o, 1864, before Petersburg." In the Regular Army he received the brevet of Major for gallant and meritorious services at Spottsylvania, the brevet of Lieutenant-Colonel for gallant and meritorious services in front of Petersburg, and the brevets of Colonel and Brigadier-General for gallant and meritorious services during the war. For gallant and meritorious services during the war he was also brevetted a Major-General of Vol- unteers. On the reorganization of the Army in 1S66 he was appointed a Major, which he declined, as his new regiment was in the Gulf, the climate of which was fatal to him. For the next ten years he served as a Captain, with varied duty, on recniiting .service, in the Freedmen's Bureau, and with his regi- ment at different posts on the frontier. He became a Major of the 4th United States Infantry in 1876, and in 1878 was trans- 557:^r^HB ferred to the Pay Department, serving for six years as Pay- master throughout the Western territories. A severe and chronic disease, caused by his long and arduous service, having developed in 1884 to an extent which prevented active duty, he went on sick leave, and afterwards, on his own application, was placed on the retired list of the Army. Having taken up his residence in Oklahoma, he became a leading citi- zen of the territory, engaged in the development of the city, and was prominent in many enterprises. His disease constantly advanced and finally undermined his powerful constitution, causing his death. An impressive funeral marked his obsequies. General Thomas became a companion of the Order of the Loyal Legion soon after its organization. He was one of the charter members of the Maine Commandery, assisting at its first meeting and first election. His distinguished service needs no eulogy. It is part of his country's history and stands among tlie honored records in this conmiandery. Francis Fessenden, -i Henry R. Millett, i Committee. ]. H. Knight. > By order of PAYMASTER WILLIAM H. ANDERSON, U. S. N., Commander. HENRY S. BURRAGE, BvT. Major, U. S. V., Recorder. EXTRACTS FROM LETTERS. 638 West End Ave., New York City, Jan. 27, 1897. Dear Friends: — The papers announce the death at Oklahoma City of Gen. Henry G. Thomas. Another brave soldier of the Re- bellion has answered the last roll-call and reported for duty in the great army above. It was my pleasure to serve with the Gen- eral when it took moral as well as physical courage to command, colored troops. The Confederac}' had issued orders not to treat oiBcers of colored troops as prisoners of war if captured, but to shoot them down. The General was gallant, courteous and loyal, a brave soldier, a staunch friend, who will ever be missed by those who knew him best. Sincerely 3'ours, Louis E. Granger. From Parker Pillsbury, of Concord. What a sudden summons that must have been to General Thomas. He seemed born and fitted for, and suited to, a brave, even a heroic, life. And such, too, was his life, it seems, while it lasted. Nobod}- ever told me how bravelj' he stood forth as the champion of my colored clientele, and that too when ^'b 74 :\rKMOiR of the rebel forces had outlawed him and all his fellow officers if taken prisoners while in com- mand of colored troops. But, fortunately, I think none such were ever so taken. From AIr. Georgk E. Brown, Fifth Maine Regiment Association. Allow me to extend to you and all the members of your family the heartfelt sympa- thy of the survivors of the Fifth Maine Regi- ment Association. We shall ever treasure the memory of our dearest comrade. General Henry G. Thomas, as one of our best and bravest members. " We shall meet but we shall miss him, There will be one vacant chair. ' ' From Mr. J. E. IM. Whitney, Montreal. This morning I received the Portland papers announcing the death of the General. I could not realize it. I cannot even now imagine that he has really gone over to the great majority. How well I remember him when he spent the day here on his wa}' to England. I met him at the station and was with him till he sailed. What marvelous conversational pow- ers, how brilliant and how intellectual! One man in ten thousand. A marked man wher- ever he went. HENRY GODDARD THOMAS. 75 To show how kiud and thoughtful he was, he went to the florist soon after his arrival, before attending to business, although he had a great man}- things to do, and selected a large bouquet of roses for ni}- mother, with whom we lunched. We called upon ni_v friend. Colonel Hough- ton, and we then went on board one of the war ships. It is needless to sa^- that the British naval officers had seldom if ever before had the privilege and pleasure of meeting so dis- tinguished a character as the General. EXTRACTS FROM ARMY REGISTER, 1S95. RETIRED EROM ACTIVE SERVICE. ( LIMITED list). Service in the Army. Name, grade, date of rank or commission, highest superior hrevet rank, and ^* s In volunteers, witli higliest brevet In permanent s c S ranlv beyond lin- cstablisliment. 05 < eal commission. Majors. Thomas, Henry G. 22 oct. 7i; capt. 5 Me. inf. 24 June, 61 capt. 11 inf. 5 aug. 61 Me Mf. Bvt. Brig. (ien. Mar. 13, G5 hoM. must, out, 20 aug. accepted, 24 aug. maj.4liiif.[d'clin'd] At liis own request, hav- col. 79 U.S. c. inf. 28 Jul V, 66 ing served over 20 years. 20 mar. 03 trs. to to 20 inf. [aet July 3, 841. lion. must, out, 11 July, col. 19 U.S. c. inf. lOjan, G4 brig. gen. 30 nov. accepted, 9 dec. bvt. maj. gen. 13 mar, 05 hon. must, out, 15 jail. 65 21 sept, maj. 4 inf. 22 oct. 76 trs. to p^y dept. 23 may, 78 retired, 2 July, 91 BREVET COMMISSIONS. Brevet rank. Service for which brevetted. maj 12 mav, G4 It. col 20 July, col 13 mar. 05 1 briif. gen . 13 uiar. 11K1.I. gen. vol 13 mar. J Gallant and meritorious services in the battle of Spottsylvania, Virginia. Gallant and meritorious services in front of Peters- burg, Virginia. Gallant and meritorious services during the war.