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Full text of "A general history of the pyrates, : from their first rise and settlement in the Island of Providence, to the present time. With the remarkable actions and adventures of the two female pyrates Mary Read and Anne Bonny ... To which is added. A short abstract of the statute and civil law, in relation to pyracy..."

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O F T H E 



Their firft Rise and Settlemhnt in the llland of 
Providence^ to the prefent Time. 

With the remarkable A<ftions and Adventures of the two Female Pyrates 

Mary Read and Anne Bonnyj 

Contained in the following Chapters, 

IntroduQiion. ^ 

Chap. I. of Capt. Avery, 
II. Of Capt. Martel 
III. Of Capt. Teach 

IX. of Capt. Rohertf. 

X. of Capt. Anfiis. 

XI. Of Capt. mrley, 

XII. of Capt. Lowther» 

IV. Of Capt. Bonnet. ^<J XIII. Of Capt. Low, 

V. Of Capt. England. 
VI. Of Capr. Vane, 
VII. Of Capt. Rackam, 
VIII. Of Capt. Davis. 


XIV. Of Capt. Evanf. 
XV. Of Capt. p;;/^>/. 
XVI. Of Cap:. Springs, 
And their feveral Crews. 

To which is added. 

A fhort ABSTRACT of the Statute and Civil 
Law, in Relation to Pyracy. 

The lecond Edition, with confiderable Additions 

By Captain Charles Johnson. 


printed for, and fold by r. IVarnery at the BUck-Boy iq Pater* 
NoJiersRoWy 1724* 

■^^ De4r>?' SJ-. (Sr^arijS^B 



AVING tahn more than ordinary Tains ifi 
colklhing the Materials which comfofe the 
following Hi flrory^ we could not he fatisfied 
with our [elves ^ if any Thing were wanting ta 
ity which might render it entirely fmsfaU:ory 
to the Publtck : It is for this Reafon we have fuh joined to 
the Worky apjort Abflra^ of the Laws now in Force again ft 
PyrateSy and made Choice of fome particular Cafes^ (the 
mo ft curious we could meet with) which have been hereto-^ 
fore triedy by which it will appear what ji^ions have^ and 
what have not been adjudged Pyracy, 

^ It is poffihle this Book may fall into the Hands of fome 
Ma(lers of Ships ^ and other hone ft- Mariner Sy who frequent^ 
lyy by contrary Winds or Tempeflsj or other Accidents inci'^ 
dent to long Voyages^ find themfelves reduced to great Z>/- . 
ft'^^iP^y ^/>^fr through Scarcity of ProvifionSy or Want of 
Stores. I fayy it may be a Birethicn to fuch as thofcy what 
Lengths they may venture togOy without violating the Law 
of Nations y in Cafe they fhould meet other Ships at Sea^ or 
he cafi- on fome inhofpitahle Shore, which flwuld refufe to 
trade with them for fuch Things as are abfolutely ncceffary 
for the Prefervation of their LiveSy or the Safety of the 
Ship and Cargoe, 

We harve given a few Inflances in the Courfe of this 
Hiftory of the Irhducements Men have to engage themfelves 

A 2 head* 

The P g E F A G- E. - -~ . 

headlong in a Life of fo much Peril to.themfeheSy and fo 
deflruEtive to the Navigatim of the trading World \ to re* 
medy which Evil there feems to be but two Ways, either to 
find Employment for the great Numbers of Seamen twn^d 
adrift at the Conclufton of a War^ and thereby prevent 
i^eiri^unnmg into fuch VndertaJiingSy or to^^guard fuffici- 
ently the Coafi of Africa, the Weft-Indies, and other 
Places whereto Pyrates refort, . 

I cannot but take Notice in this Place ^ that during this 
long PeacCy I have not fo much as heard of a Dutch 'Py- 
raie • It is not that I take them to be honefler than their 
Neighbour S'^ but when we account for it, it will^ perhaps^ be 
a Reproach to our f elves for our want oflnduftry : The Rea^ 
fan I tale to be^ that after a War^ when the Dutch Ships 
are laid up, they have a Fifliery^ where their Seamen find 
immediate Bufinefsy and as comfortable Bread as they had 
before. Had ours the fame Recourfe in their NecejfttieSy 
7 m certain we jJwuld find the fame Effect from it ^ for a 
F'l finery is a Trade that cannot be overftoclCd ^ the Sea is 
nvdd enough for us ally we need not quarrel for Elbow-room : 
Its Stores are infinite^ and w'H ever reward the Labourer. 
Beftdesy our own Coa^jfor the mofl Party fupply the Dutch, 
who employ feveral hundred Sail conflantly in the Trade y 
and fo fell to tu our own Pifiu I call it our owny for. the 
Sovereignty of the BritiHi Seas, are to this Day acknowledg- 
ed us by the Dutch, and all the neighbouring Nations *, 
'cvhereforSy if there was a publick Spirit among usy it would 
he well worth our while to eflablifl) a National Fijheryy which 
would be the heft Means in the World to prevent Pyracyy 
employ a Number of the PooTy v^nd eafe the Nation of a 
great Burthen y by lowering the Price of Provifion in general y 
as well as of fever al other Commodities. 

I need not bri??g any Proofs of what I advance y viz. that 
there are Multitudes of Seamen at this Day unemployed y it 
■is but too evident by their /I'^^gglil^^ ^-nd begging all over the 
Kingdom. Nor is it fo much their Inclination to Idlenefsy as 
their own hard FMCy in being caft off after their Work is 
■douc^ to fiarve or fled* I have not known a Man of 



IVar commiffion d for fcvcral Tears faFt^ hut three times her 
Compliment of Men have offer'' d themfehes i?j 24 Hours \ 
the Merchants tale their Advantage of this, leffen their 
Wages, and thofe few who are in Buftnefs are poorly paid, 
and hut poorly fed ^ fuch Vfage hreeds Difcontents amongfh 
them, Mnd makes them eager for any Change, 

I ji}dll not repeat what I have faid in the Hiflory cc7i- 
cerning the Privateers of the Weft-Indies, where I have 
taken Notice they live upon Spoil ', and a^ Cufhm is a fecond 
Nature, it is no Wonder that, when an honeB Livlyhood is 
vot eafily had, they run into one fo like their own ; fo that 
it may he faid, that Privateers in Time of War are a Nur^ 
fery for Pyratcs aga'.nft a Peace, 

Now we have accounted for their Rife and Beginning, it 
will he natural to enquire why they are n'^t taken a>?d de- 
flroy^d, he fore they come to any Head, feeing that th^.y are 
feldom lefs than twelve Men ofWarfiationed in our Ame- 
rican Plantations, even in Time of Peace ; a Force fuffi^ 
cient to contend with a powerful Enemy. This Enquiryy 
perhaps, will not turn much to the Honour of thofe concern d 
in that Service ', however, I hope I may he excused, If what 
J hint is with a Defgn of fervlng the Pub lick, 

I fay, ^tis fir an ge that a few Pyrates Jhould ravage the 
Seas for Tears, without evCr heing light upon, hy any of our 
Ships of War ; when in the mean Time, they (the Pyrates) jliall 
take Fleets of Ships ', it looks as if one was much more dili^ 
gent in their Affairs, than the other. Roberts and his Crew, 
alone, took 400 Sail, hefore he was deftroy^d. 

This Matter, I may prohahly fet right another Timt^ 
and only ohferve for the prefent, that the Pyrates at Seay 
have the fame Sagacity with Robbers at Land ', as the latter 
under fiand what Roads are mofh frequented, and where it is 
moft likely to meet with Booty, fo the former know what 
Latitude to lie in, in order to intercept Ships ', and as the 
Pyrates happen to he in want of Provlfwns, Stores, or any 
particular Lading, they cruife accordingly for fuch ShipSy 
and are morally certain of meeting with them ', and hy the 
fame Reafon^ if the Men of War cruife in thofe LaUtudes'^ 

A 3 thc^ 


they might he as pure of finding the Pyrates^ as the Fyrate^ 
are to fnd the Merchant Ships \ and if the Vyratesare not t^ 
he mn with hy the Men of War in fuch a Latitude^ then 
furely d-orvn the fame Latitude may the Merchant Shifs ar^ 
rive fafely to their Port, 

To make this a little plainer to my Country Readers^ 
1 must ohferve that all our outward hound ShipSy fometime 
after they leave the Land^ fteer into the Latitude of 
the Place they are hound to ; if to the Weft-India IJlands, 
or any Part of the Main of America, as New-York, 
Kevv-England, Virginia, &c. hecaufe the Latitude is 
the only Certainty in thofe Voyages to he found^ and then 
they fail due Wefl^ till they come to their Port, without 
altering their Courfe. In this iVefi Way lie the Pyratesy 
whether it he to Virginia, &c. or Nevis, St. Chrifto- 
phers, Montferat, Jamaica, &c. fo that if the Mer- 
chant Ships hound thither^ do not fall a Prey to them one 
JDay^they muB another: Therefore I fay^ if the Men of War 
take the fame Track ^ the Py rates muft unavoidahly fall into 
their Mouthsy or he frighted away^ for where the Game is^ 
there will the Vermin he ly if the latter Jhould he the Cafe^ 
the trading Ships, as Ifaid heforCy will pafs unmolcfted and 
fafe^ and the Pyrates he reduced to take Refuge in fom^ of 
their lurking Holes ahout the uninhahited Jflandsy where 
their Fate pould he like that of the Fox in his Den, if they 
pould venture out y they would he hunted and taken y and if 
they flay within they muf; f^arve^ 

J muB ohferve another Thingy that the Pyrates general- 
ly finft their Ravings , according to the Seafon of the Tear • 
in the Summer they crulfe mofily along the Coafi of the Con^ 
tinent <?/ America, hut the Winters there ^ heing a little 
too cold for them, they follow the Sun, and go towards the 
Jflandsy at the approach of cold Weather. Every Man 
who has ufed the Weft-India Tr^^^, knows this to he 
true ^ therefore, fince we are fo voeH acquainted with all 
their MotionSy J cannot fee why our Men of War under a 
vroper Regulation, may -not go to the So^ithward, infiead of 
lying up all the Winter ufelefs ; Bia I flmll proceed too far 



in this Enquiry y I jhall therefore epiit it^ and fay fom^^ 

thirjg of the following Sheet Sy which the Author may venture 
to affure the Reader that they have one Thing to recommend 
thcrriy which is Truth ^ thofe Fa^is which he himfelf was 
not an Eye-Witnefs ofy he had from the authemick Rclati^ 
ons of the Perfon^ concern d in taking the Pyratesy as well 
as from the Mouths of the Pyrates themfelvesy after they 
were takeny and he conceives no Man can produce better 
Tefiimonies to fu^port the Credit of any Hiflory. 

It will be ohfervedy that the Account of the Anions of 
Roberts nms into a greater Lengthy than that of any other 
TyratCy for which we can affign two ReafonSy firhy becaxife 
he raruaged the Seas longer than the reify and of Confequence 
there muFt be a greater Scene of Bufinefs in his Life : Second-' 
h/y being refolved not to weary the Reader, with tirefome 
Repetitions : When we found the Circumfiances in Roberts'/ 
■Ltfey and other PyrateSy either as to pyratlcal ArticleSy or 
any Thing el fey to be the fame yWe thought it be ft to give them 
hut oncCy and chofe Roberts'^ Life for that Purpofey he ha^ 
ving made more Noife in the Worldy than fome others. 

As to the Lives of our two female PyrateSy we muFt con* 
fefs they may appear a little Extravaganty yet they are 
never the lefs true for feeming foy but as they were pub* 
lickly tryd for their Pyraciesy there are living Witneffes 
enough to jufiify what we have laid down concerning them y 
it is certainy we have produced fome Particulars which were 
not fo publickly knowny the Reafon //, we were more incpiip- 
five into the Circumfiances of their paft LiveSy than other 
TeopUy who had no other Defigny than that of gratifying 
their own private Curiofity : If there are fome Incidents and 
Turns in their StorieSy which may give them a little the 
Air of a Novel, they are not invented or contrived for 
that Purpofey it is a Kind of Reading this Author is but 
little acquainted withy but as he himfelf was exceedingly 
diverted with themy when they were related to himy he 
thought they might have the fame EjfcB upon the Reader. 

I pre fume we need make no Apology for gi-ving the Name 
of a H jlory to the following Sheet Sy though they contain no^ 

A 4 thing 


thin^ hut the ASiions of a Tarcel of Robbers, It is Bra^ 

very and Stratagem in War which make Anions worthy of 

Record ; in which Senfe the Adventures here related witt, 

he thought deferving that Name, Plutarch is very cir^ 

cumfiantid in relating the Anions of Spartacus, the Slave^ 

a'>id mahs the Conqucftofhirfj^ one of the greateTt Glories 

of Marcus Craflus •, and it is probable^ if this Slave ^had 

ii'vd a little longer^ Plutarch would have given us his 

Life at large, Rome, the Miftrefs of the Worlds was no 

more at firB than a Refuge for Thieves and Outlaws \ an4 

if the Progrefs of our Pyrates had been equal to their Be-' 

ginning j had they all united ^ and fettled in feme ofthofe 

Jflandsy they mighty by this Time^ have been honoured with 

the Name of a Commonwealth^ and no Power in thofe Parts 

of the World could have been able to diffute it with them. 

If we have feem^d to glance^ with feme Freedom^ at the 
Behaviour of fome Governors of Provinces abroad^ it has 
been with Caution , and^ perhaps ^ we have, not declared as 
r,j.uch as we knew : However^ we hope thofe Gentlemen in the 
fame Station^ who have never given Occafion for the like 
Or?7fu,yCy will take no Offence^ tho^ the Word Governor is 
fomctii/ies made ufe of, 

P. S. It will be neceffary to add a Word or two to this 
p-'efaccy in order to inform the Reader ^ that there are fe^ 
veral material Additions made to this fecond Imprejfion, 
irh'ch fwelling the Book in Bulky muB of Confequence add a 
fmrli Matter to its Price, 

T^e firfl hnfrejfion having been received with fo much 
Si:ccefs by the Publicky occapofjed a very earneft Demand 
jo- a fecond : In the mean Time^ fcveral Perfons who had 
hen taken by the Pyrates^ as well as others who had. been 
c rcerned in taking of them^ h^rue been fo kind to commu- 
'vjc.-^te fcveral Fabts and Circitmftances to us^ which had 
€,c-p:dus in the frft Imprejfton. This oceafioned fome De^ 
iaVj therefore if we have not brought it cuty as foon as 
rp'fh'dy it was to render it the more compleat, 
■ , We fiall not €ntcr into a Detail of all the new Matter 
inferted here^ hut the Dcfcriitir/ij of the IJlands St, Thome, 



Sec, and that of Brafil are not to he faffed by^ xvlth- 
out a little Notice. It muTt he obfervedj that our ffe- 
culative Mathematicians and GeografherSj who are^ no 
douht^ Aien of the greatesi Learnings feldom travel far- 
ther than their Clofets for their Knowledge^ ike, are 
therefore unqualified to give m a 'good Defer ifti en of 
Countries : Jt is for this Reafon that all our Mafs and 
Atlaffes are fo monflroufly faidty^ for ihcfc Gentlemen are 
obliged to t ah their Accounts from the Reports of ilUte^ 
rate Men. 

Jt mu^ he noted alfo^ that rvhen the Maflers of Ships 
make Difcoveries this Wcy^ they are not fond of commu- 
nicating them \ a Man's knowing this or that Coafij bet- 
ter than others^ recommends him in his Bufinefs^ and 
makes him more ufeful, and he'll no more difcover it than a 
Trade fman will the My fiery of his Trade. 

The Gentleman who has taken the Tains to make thefe 
ObfervationSy is Mr. Atkins, a Surgeon y an ingenious 
Man in his- own Profcjfiony and one who is not ty'^d down 
by any narrow Confiderations from doing a Service to the 
Tublicky and has been pleafed generoufly to communicate 
them for the good of others. I don'^t douhty but his Ob- 
fervations will be found curious and very ferviceable to 
fuch as Trade to thofc PartSy befides a Method of Trade is 
here laid down with the Portuguefe, which may prove 
of great Profit to fome of our Country meny if followed ac* 
cording to his Plan. 

It is hoped thefe Things will fatisfy the Publick, that 
the A^ithor of the following Sheets confidcred nothi?ig fo 

much as making the Book ufeful ^ tho'' he has been in^ 

formedy that fome Gentlemen have raised an Ohjctlion ^- 
gainil the Truth of its Content Sy viz. that it feems calcu- 
lated to entertain and divert. If the Fa^s are related 

with fome jlgreeahlenefs and Li fey we hope it will not be 
imputed as a Fault ^ but as to its Credit, we can affure them 
that die Sea-faring Alen, that is all that know the Na- 
ture of thefe Things y have not been able to make the leafi 
ObjeBion to its Credit : -^-— And he wiH be bold to ajfirmy 



that there is not a Fatf or Clrcumftance in the whole Bool^ 
hut he is able to prove hy credible Witnejfes^ 

There have been fame other Tyrates^ hefides thofe vphofe 
Hiftory are here related^ fuch as are hereafter namedy 
and their Adventures are as extra^jagant and full of Mi f* 
chiefs as thofe who are the Subjdi of this Book,'- -The 
jiuthor has already begun to digeB them Into Alcthod, and 
as foon as he receives jome Materials to make them com* 
pleat J (which he fhortly expeEhs from the Weft-indies; If 
the Publick e w? him Encouragement he intends to vsnturt 
upon a fecond Folume, 

^ H E 




HE T)angeY of CommonweaUhs from an Incre^fe of F)^ 
rateSf 1 7. Pyrates in the Times of Marius a-i.d Sylia, 

1 8. Takes Julius Caefar, 1 9. The Bavharity of thcje 

Pyi-ateSy ih. They /pare Cxi'^r, and why, \0. H'^ 

Behaviour am ongji them yib. Caelar obtains his Liberty for a 
Ranfom, ib. Attacks and takes the Fy rates ^ zo. Hangs 

them at Troy> ib- They increafe again to a prodigious Strength^ 
ib. Plunder at the Gates of Rome, 21. The mock Homage 
they paid the KoinanSy ib. Pompey the Great, appointed Gene^- 
ral again p them, 22. A prodigious Fleet and Army affi^n^d 
him yih. His Conduct and good Fortune ^ ih^ The Gallan- 

try of thofe PyraieSy 23. Recei've an Overthrow , ib. Barba- 
roufe, a Pyratey his Beginning, ib. His great Strength, 24. 

Selim Eutemi, King of Algiers, courts his Friendp.p, ib. Makes 
him/elf King, and how, ib. The King of Tunis overthr-'um 
by him, ib. Leaves the Inheritance to his Brother, ib. Thg 

Weft-Indies commodious for Pyrates, and rjjhy,2\, 25. The 
Explanation of the fp or d Keys, 25. The PyrAtes conceal their 

Booty on them, ib. The Pyrates Security in thofe Parts, 26, 

The Rife of Pyrates flnce the Peace of Utrecht accounted fcr^ 
26, 2-j. An Expedition from Jamaica, to plunder ^^e Spa- 
niards, 28. The Spaniards fue for fupce to the Government 
of Jamaica, ib. The Plunderers turn Pyrites, 29. The 
Spaniards make Reprifals, ib. The Names of Ships t.rkcn 
by them, ib. The plunder d Seamen join the Pyrates, ib. Pro- 
vidence fxed on as a Place of Retreot hy them, 50. That jjland 
defribed, ib. The Lords Addrefs to her Ufte Majefy for fecuring 
Providence, ib. An Order of Council in this Reign to the famf 
Turpofe, 31. A Lift of Men of IVar employ d for the Defence of 


The CO NT E NT 5. __. 

the Plant afi Otis y 52. Captahi Woods Rogers made Govetncr 
of Providence, ib. the Kings Trodamation for fufprejjing 
J?yrates, 33, 34. Ho'u; the Pyrates ufed the Proclamation , '34. 

Great Divijt07is anio}7gJi them y ^^. How made ^uiet, ih. Se- 
veral of the Pyrates furrsnder to the Gcvernor of Bermudas, ib. 
The Fate of the rejly ib. • Woods Rogers Jj/j Arrival at Pro- 
vidence, lb. VaneV Behaviour y '2,6. Woods Rogers em^ 
ploys the pardon d PyrateSy ib. Their ConduHy ib. Some of 

them. ha?7g'd for new PyracieSy 37, Their firange Behaviour at 
the Place of Bxecutiony ib. Some Proceedi?2gs betwixt the Eng«^ 

lifli and Spaniards, 38. The Spaniards ///r/^ivV the Grey- 

hound T^lanof Wary and hoWy ib. ^it hery 39. The Crew 
cf a Spanifli Guardadel Coda hang'd at Jamaica, and whyy ib. 
Sir Nicholas Laws his Letter to the Alcaldes of Trinidado, 39, 
40. Mr. Jofeph Laws, Lieutenant of the Happy Snow his 
Letter to the Alcaldes 0/ Trinidado, 41. The Alcaldes An- 

fv:er to the Lieutenant's Letter y 41,42. The Lieutenant'' s Ke* 

j;/j/ fo f^f Alcaldes Anfnvery 42,43. The hXz'AdQs ' Anfiver 

again, 43. Some Account <>_f Richard Holland, ib. 
taken by him, 44. 


Of Captain Avery, and his Crew. 

ROmantick Reports of his GreatnefSy 45, 4<^. H/j Birth^ '46. 

Is Mate of a Briftol Many 47, For nvhat Voyage dejignd, ib. 
Tampers with the Seam en y ib. Forms a Plot for carrying off the 
Shipy 47, 48. Executes ity and hoWy ib. The Pyrates take 
' ' a rich Ship belonging to the Great Mogul, 50. The Great Mo- 
gul threaten the Englifh Settlements, 5^. The Pyrates peer 
their Courfe hack for Madagafcar, 52. Call a Council,, Put all 
the Treafure en Board of Avery 'j Shipy ib. Avery ayidhis 

Crew treacheroujly leaves his Confederates ; go to the ijle of Pro- 
vidence in the Weft-Indies, 53. Sell the Shipy go to North- 
America in a Sloop, 54. They difperfe, Avery goes to New- 
Xngland, ib. From thence to Ireland, ib. Avery afraid to 
expofe his Diamonds to fale. Goes ov-r to England, ib. Puts 
his Wealth into Merchants Hands y of Brillol, 55. Changes his 
Kame. Lives at Biddiford, ib. The Merchants fend him vo 
EuppUeSy ib. Importunes them. Goes privately to Briftol, they 
threaten to difcovsr hi my ib. Goes over to Ireland, foUicites them 
from thence, 56. Is' very poory works his Pajfage over to Ply- 
mouth, walks to Biddiford. Dies a Beggary ib. An Account 
of Avery 'i Confeder.xteSy ib. Their Settlement M Madagafcar, 
57. They meat other Pyrates; an Account of them, ib. The 



Pyrates arrive to great Power. The Inhabitants defcrihed^ 58. 
Their ^Policy ^ Government^ 8cc. Places defcriFd^ 59. The Arrival 
of Captain Woods Rogers at that Part of the Jjland^ 61- Their 
Defign of furprizing his Ship, 6z. One of thefe Princes former^ 
ly a Waterman en the Thames, 63. Their Secretaries^ Men of 
720 Learnir^g, Cculd neither write nor readj ib. 

Of Captain MafvTEL, and his Crew/ 

WAT to fupprefs Pyrates, 6^» The hJcreafe of Pyrates etc^ 
counted for, 65. fVhere Martel learned his Trade, ib.. 
The Names of fever al Prizes taken, by him, 65, 66, 67. His 
Strength at Sanfta Crux, 67. iiii Manner of fortifying him- 
felf there, ib. Is attack' d by the Scarborough Man of War, 68. 
His defence by Land and Sea, ib. His defperate. Efcape^ 6^. His 
miferable End, ib. 


Of Captain Teach, alias Black-Be arc. 


IS Beginning, 70. His Confederacy <with Hornygold, ib. 
The Confederacy broke, 71. Takes a Arr^^ Guiney Man^ ib. 
Engages the Scarborough Man of War, ib. His Alliance avith 
Major Stede Bonnet, ib. Depofes his nem) Ally, ib. His Ad- 
vice to the Major, ih. His Progrefs and Succefsy 72. Takes 
Prizes in Sight of Charles-Town, 73. Sends Ambajfadors to 
the Governor of Carolina, upon an impudent Demand, ib. Kmis 
his ship aground defignedly, 74, His Cruelty to fome of his 
cwn Companions* surrenders to the King's Proclamation, 7 5, 
The Governor of North- Carolina*! exceeding Cencroftty to him, ib. 
He marries, ib. The Number of his Wives then living, ib. His 
conjugal Virtues, 75, 76. Makes a fecond Excurfton in the Way of 
pyrating, 76. Some State Legerdemain hetnvixt him and the Go- 
vernor, ib. His modeji Behaviour in the Kivev, '"j. His PrO" 
licks on shore, ib. The Merchants apply for a Torce againji him^ 
and where, 78. A Proclamation -with a P^vjard for taking or 
killing of Pyrates, 79, 80. Lieutenant 'May nurd fen t in pur- 
fuit of him, 80. Black-beard'i good Intelligence, Si. The 
Lieutenant engages Black-beard, ib. • A moji execrable Health 
drank Z?)' Black-beard- 82. ihe Fi'ght bloody; the Particulars 
of it, 82, 89, 84. Black-beard kiU'd, 84. His sloop ta- 
ken, ih. The Lieutenant's Co?7du5f, ^/\., S^. A RejleHion C7t 
the Humours of Seamen, 85. Witack-bQ^ci'sCcncfporJentsdif- 



cover'd ly his PaperSy ib. Black-beardV dej^erate Refolution 
before the Fight, ib. The Lieutenant and Governor no 'very good 
Friends, S6. The Prifoners han^'d, ib. Samuel Odel fai-edy 
and 'u.^Iy, ih. The good Luck of KvuqI Hands, S-j, Black- 
beard i mifchievous FroVcks, ib. His Bca.rd defcribed, ib. Se^ 
^eral Inflances if his JVickednefs, 8 8, 89. Some Memorandum^ 

taken from his journal, 8p. The Names of the Pyrates kiU'd in 

the Engagement, 90. Of thofe executed, ib. The Value of 

the Prize, ib. 


Of Major Stede Bonnet, and his Crew. 

BRED a Gentleman, 9 1 . Suppofed to he diforderd in his Sen^ 
fes, ib. His Beginning as a Pyrate, ib. Takes Prizes, 92. 

Divijions in his Crezv, ib. Meets Black-beard, ib. Ls de- 

■pofedfrom his Command, 95. His melancholy RejleBions, ib. 

Surrenders to the King's Proclamation, ib. His new ProjeB, ib. 

Saves fome Pyrates marroond, 94. Begins the old Trade again^ 
^5. An Account of Prizes taken by him y 95, 9^- Colonel RhcE 
goes in ^eji of Pyrates, ^-j. Yates the Pyrate furrenders, 98. 
An Engagement betwixt Colonel Rhet and Major Bonnet, 100. 
An Account of the kilVd a?id wctmded, ib. The Prifoners carried 
to Charles-Town, ib. The Major and the Majier Efcape, ib. 

Taken again by Colonel Rhet, loi. A Court of Vice-Admiralty 
held, ib. The Names of thofe arraign d, 102,103. The Form 
of their Inditfment, 104. Their Defence, 105. The Names of 
thofe who received Sentence, ic6. An exceUeot Speech made by the 
Lord Chief yupce on proncuwing Sentence on the Major, 107 
to 112. 


Of Capt.EDw. England, and his Crew. 

HIS Beginning and CharaBer, 113, 114. A mojl barbarous 
ABion of his Crew, 114, 115. The Names of Prizes taken 
kyhim, 115,116. The Misfortunes of his Confederates, 116 ^ 
117. England'j Progrefs half round the Globe, I J. 7 , 1 1 8. A port 
Defcription of the Coafi of Malabar, ib. fVhat they did at 

Madagafcar, 11 8-. Takes an Eaft-India Man, ib. The 
Particulars of the ABion in Captain MackraV Letter, \\^ to 122. 
Captain Mackra ventures on Board the Pyrate, 122. Is in Dan- 
ger of being murder d\ 123. Prefervd by a pie a f ant Incident^ 
ife. The PyraUs Generojity to him^ \hs Captain England 



depofedy^and <tvhy^ 124. Maroon d on the jjland Mauritius, ib. 
Some Account of that ijtandy ib. The Advevtitres of the Com^ 
forty continued^ 124 to 126. Aiigria, <ryr Indian Pyratey 127. 
kii Strength by Land and Sea^ ib. The Eaft-India Cowp.tny^s 

Wars cjoith him^ 127, 128. ths gyrate', go tc the ijland of 

Melinda, 129. 1^"^ harharous Behaviour there, ib. hear 
if Captain MackraV Defit^ns agaivjhthem, ib. Their RejUBi^ 
ens thereupon y 1^0. Saii for Cocmtij aDuzch SettJemerty ib- 
2t»ff Pyrates and the Dutch very good Friends, 151. Mutual 

Vtefents made betwist the Pyrates and the ^^overnor, ib. The 

jy rates in a Fright, 135. Almojl flavod, ib. Take a 

Vrize of an immenfe Value, 154. Take an Oftend Eaft-India 
I/lan y'lh. AfiortDefcripfwnofMiidQ^iLfcar,i^j,l7,6. A 
prodigious Dividend made by the Pyrates, 136. A Felhqj;/s Way 
of increajing his Diamonds, ib. Some of the Pyrates quit, and 

join th Remains of Avery, ib. The Proceedings of the Men of 
Wat inthofe Parts, 137, 138. Some Dutch Men petition to be 
among the Pyrates, 138. The Pyrates divided in their Mea- 

fureSf 159. Break up^ ib. What became of them ^ 139, 140. 


Of Capt. Chales Vane, and his Crew. 

VANE'j Behaviour tf* Providence, 141. The Kames of 

Prizes taken by him, 141, 142. Is deferted hy his Confort 

Yates, 143. Yates furrenders at Charles-Town, ib. A 

Stratagem of VaneV, 144. Black-beard and Vane meet^ 

145. They falute after the Pyrates Manner, ib. Vane de- 

fo/ed from his Command, andivhy, 145. 15 Hands degra-- 

dedy and turned out ivith him, ib. A Skop given them, 147. 
rheyfail in ^efl of Adventures, and take Prizes, ib. Vane 
eaji aivay upon an uninhabited Jjland, ib. Meets with an old 

Acquaintance, 148. Vane feiz^d ivith a ^alm of Honcur, ib. 
Ships himfeJf on Board a Vejfel, pajjlngfor another Man, ib. Is 
difcoverd, with the Manner hew, 149. Camed to Jamaica, 
hangd^ ib. 

Of Capt. Rack AM, and his Crew. 

RA CK'A MV beginning as a Pyrate, 1 50, 1 51. An Account 
of Prizes taken by him, 151. Is at tack' d by a Spanifh Guard 
ship, ib. if/i stratagem to efcape, i 52. More Prizes tO' 

ken by bim, 153, is taken, and ho-Wj 154. Tried^ condem- 

The C O N T E N T S. 

ned^ and exer ted at Jamaica, ib. The Karnes of his Crew 
ccndtmnd iu ih hiniy, i 54. An extraordin.^.ry Cafe of mne taken 
HKth hrmj ib. Some Account of the Proceedings again Ji them^ 
J54> 155- 

The LIFE of Mary Read. 

MA RY Head J Birthy 157. Keafons for drefjlng her in Bree^ 
chei, 158. Waits upon a Lady ; goes info the Army^ i ^9. 

MeV Ilehaviour in feveral Engagements, ib. She falls in Lcrje 

...qulth her. Comrade, lb. Her Sex difcovered; the tivo Troopers 

■■■- married, 1 60. - Settles at Breda, ib. Her Husband dies, fie 
repffumes the Breeches, ib. Goes to Holland. To *^e Weft- 

Indies, 161. Turns Pyrate. Anne Bonny, another Pyrate^ 
falls in Love iJsith her^ 162, Her Adventures to 16'), """•* 

The LIFE of Anne Bonny. 

AKNE Bonny htrn a J^af}ard, 166. Her Mothers tn^ 

tri^ues flrangely di /cover d, i6-j. Her Father lies with his 
own Wife, by mifiake, 169. She proves with Child ; - the Hus- 

hand jealous, 170. Hefep.irates from his Wife; lives with Anne 
Y>or\r\fs Mother, 17.I. Anne Bonny put into Breeches for a 
X)if(Tiiife, how d!fiovered, ih. The Father becomes poor, Goes^to 
Carolina, 172. Improves his Fortune, Anne Bonny marries 
againfi his Confenf. Her fierce Temper, ib. Goes to Provi> 

dence with her Hushayid, ib. "Enticed to Sea in Mens Cloathf^ 
ly Rackam the Pyrate, 173. Reproaches Rackam with Cowav- 
dice at his Execution , ib. .i 


Of Capt. HowEL Davis, andhisCpvEW. 

HE Original of Davis, 174. Is taken hy the Pyrate'S^n'^" 

^ land, ib. England'j Generofity to him, 175. Is cafi 

into Prifon at Barbadoes, a?:d why, ib. Goes to .Provi- 

dence, ib. Employ'd in a trading T'effel, the Ship, 176. 

An Infiance of his great Courage and good ConduB, 177, 178. 
Goes to Cape de Verd Iflands, ib. Take feveral Prizes, ib. Take 
the Fort of St, Jago hy Storm, jSo. A Cottmil called, ib. Sail 
for Gambia, I'Si. r^rftej. Gambia CaflU ly stratagem, i%i to 
184. M^e^i La Bouche, ^ French Pymf^, 1 ^4. His Adven- 
tures with Cocklyn the Pyrate, at Sierraleon'e, 185. The Fort 
attack d and taken, by theee Confeder.^te PyKateJ, iS6. XH 

Pyrates (quarrel and part, ib. The lacbnick Speech of Davis' « 

them , ib. His fierce Engagement with a large Dutch Ship, i B 7.' 
An Account of feveral Prizes taken by hirriy ib. A D'e/cription of 
^ ^ the 


Of Capt. John Evans and his CpvEw* 

BEGINS 'H'hh Houfe-hreaking^ 591. Seizes a skopy '^^z.- 

Robs a Houfe the fame Kight^ lb. Put to Sea y and take va^ 
tuable Prizes y ^93. Evans fiot dead by his Boatfjuain^ 5(^4, 

His Death revengd, ib. The Company breaks «]>, 395. 

Of Capt. John Phillips, and hisCfvEW. 

PHILLIPS his Original, '2^^6. Hovj he became a ?y- 

rate, ib. H/i Rett^ni to England accounted for, ib. Ships 

again for Newfoundland, ib. Deferts his ship in Peter Har~ 
lom\ 397. He a7:d four others feize a Vepl, ib. Sail out a 

■grating, ib. Articles fzvorn to tipon a Hatchet , ib. A Copy 

of the Article Sy'^^-jy '^c)^. Ill Blood amongfi them y and why ^ 

399. Are almofl fiarvedy ib, Take Prizes, ib, Phillips 

■propofcs to clean at Tobago, and 'xhy, ib. M.'ets an old Acquain- 
tanccy 400. Frighten d from the iflandy ib. A Cojifpiracy 

to run away with the Prize, ib. A Skinnip, ib. The Car^ 

penters Dexterity in cutting off LegSy ib. Fern kilVd by Phillips, 
and why, 401. The Danger of attempting an Efcape amonir the 
VyrateSy ib. Captain Mortimer 'j Bravery, and hard Fatey\oi , 
402. Captain Mortimer J Brother efcapSy and hoWy 402. 

ChccfemanV Steps for overthrowing the Pyratss Governme-nty 403. 
A Digrefjlon ro;;ffr«/;7^ Newfoundland, and its Trade, 403, 404. 
The Pyrates recruited with Men from thence, 405. Phillips his 

Confcience pricks him yih. Dependence Ellery, a Shinty ohli/T'd 
to dance by the Pyrates, 406. A brave Aiiion performed by Cheefe- 
men, 407. Carries the Pyrate Ship into Bofton, 408. The dy- 
ing Declarations of John Rofe Archer, ^/7^William White, 408, 


Of Captain SpPvIGgs, and his Cf^ew. 

SP R I G G S his Beginning, 411. How hefet up for himfelfy ib. 
Sweats his Prfoncrs for Divrcfion, 412. The Pyrates m'ijlake 

in drinking Healths, 413. Take Hawkins a feccnd time, 414. 
Burn his Ship, and why, ib. An odd E7:tertainment (riven him, 
by tie Pyrates, ib. Captain Hawkins how difpofed of, '414, 41 5. 
Spriggs barbarous Vfage cf his Prifoyiers, 415, 41 5. Takes a 
Ship loaden with Horps, 415. An odd Frolick of the Pyrates, ib. 
Two particular Relaticns of Pyracy, from zi] to 2C4, 




Of Capt. WoRLEY, and his Crew. 

HIS mad Beginning, 342. His Succefs^ 545, 34,4^ Bind 

themfel-ves hy Oath to take no ^aviers^ 344. A falfe A^ 

larni at James-Town, 345. Worley catches a Tartar, ibr 

The defperate Refolution of the PyrateSy 34(5. Worley han^ 

ged, ib. 

Of Capt. Geo. Lowther, and his Crew. 

HIS Beginnings 347. Plots with Mafifey, 349. MafTeyV 

ConduB^^^Oj 351. hovfthQrs Propofalj 351. A Q>py. 

of Articles draion upy and /worn to, 352. The Pyrates going 

. hy the Bars, 3 54. Hoiv Rogues are made Friends, ib. Low-^ 

. ther afjdM-AJXeypart,'^^^. A DigreJJlon concerning Matfey'i 
mad ConduB, 3 5 ) ^0 3 5 7. Lowther and Low meet, 358. An 
dHUiance betwixt them, ib. A Lifi of Prizes taken by them, 3 59. 
An unlucky Adventure at Cape Alayo, 3 59, 360. Lowther dnd 
Low break the Alliance, and part, 361. The Bra-very of Cap-* 

tain Gwatkins, ib. The Pyrates much reduced, -^62, Winlet 

7?2 North-Carolina, ib. put to Sea again, ib. Make for 

the Ijland of Blanco, 363. The ijland defcribed, ib. Are 

furprifed a77d taken, 364. Lowther efcapes, ib. The Names 
of the Prifo72ers, and Fate, ib. Lowther'i Death, 355. 


Of Capt. Low and his Crew. 

LO WV Original, '^66, ^61 » The Virtues of his Family, ib. 

His bold Begimiings, 368. Declares War againji the whole 
. World, ib. His Succefs, 359, 3 70. Like to perJfi by a Storm ^ 

371,372. Sail for the fVefiern ijland, 373. Treats with 

the Governor of St. Michael for Water, ib. Several Injlar.ces 
of their wanton Cruelty, 574. Low'j Confort taken, and ho^w, 

^•j6. A horrid Ma'ffacre comm it ted ^_y Lo w. 3 7 .<^, 3 7 7 • Takes 
a Multitude of Prizes, '^j']. Another barbarous Majfacre, 37^. 

More Cruelties, 379, 380. Low and his Co?:fort attacked by the 

. Greyhound Man of War, 380, 3 Si. how^ dcferts his Con- 

fort, 381. The Co7?fort taken, lb. Carried to Rhode Iflarid, 

382. The Names, Age, and places of Birth, of the Prifoners^ 

382, 3 8 3. A Complimerit paid to Captain Solgard, by the 

. Corporation of New- York, 384. The Refolution of the Mayor 

and Commoyi-Council, ib. The Preamble of the Captain s Free- 

dom, 385. More l?7jianies of Low's Cruelty J 38S, 389. His 
Adventures continued to 3 90. CHAP. 

The G O N T E N T S. 

Braheryof Skyrmc, a Welch Pyrate, 26S. , The fm-ly Humour 

"- of feme of tie PrJ/onerSy 2(^8, 269. ' The iSwallow comes up 

'. ^vi^/) Roberts, 270. 'Rohenshis i:)refs defer ibed, 211. Is 

k.-Z/V, 272. His CharaBer^ ib. His ship taker?, 21:^, 

' The hehxv/oitr of the Pyrates, tuhen Prifoners, 27 5. A Cohfpi^ 

raty of theirs difcouered., 2 7<5, 2 7 7 . Reflexions on the Marnier of 

trying, them, 278, 279, 280. The Form of the Commiffion fortry^ 

im thePyt-atss, 281.- Th^ Oath taken by the Commijfioners, 

2.S2- The'Sa? of thofe arraign'd taken in the Ship Ranger, 

i2%Zy ^85, ■..84. TheForm of the Indicfmenty 284, 285. , Th^ 

Su^i of the Evidence a^ainfl them, 285, 28(5. their Defence^ 

'" siZi^ 288. The Ndmes of the Prifoners of the Royal Fortune', 

^ .288, 289, 290. Proceedings agaiyijl them, 291 to 304. Har^ 

ry Glasby acquitted, 504. The particular Try a I of Captain 

■faraesSkyrme,304,3^5- - Of John Wal den, 305 /^^oS. 

of Peter Scud:imore, 308 fo^li» ' Of Robert Johnlon, 3 ti , 

212. 0/ George Willon, 312^^317. 6/ Benjamin jef- 

' fries, 317,518. O/John Mansfield, 318,319. 0/\ViI^ 

' liam Davis, 319 fo 321. . The Namer of tjrofe executed at OX^q 

Corfo, 321, 322. The Petition of fome condemn d,yz'^. The 

''. Courts Refolumn, ibid. The Form of an Btdenture of apar- 

'"^'dond Pyrate, 324. The Names of thofe pardon d upon Liden- 

^ ture tofervefei;en Tears, 325. The Pyrates how difpofed of, '^26* 

*[ffeJying Behaviour of thofe executed, 32(5 ?o 329. ' '.• - 

^^^^v C H A P. XII. 

Of Capt. Anstis, and his CfvEw. 

HIS Begimi7ig as a Pyrate, 330. A mofi brutip ABion fuppo^ 
fed to be committed by his Cre-w, 331. Civil Difcords amongft 
' them 3 '^2. The Pyrates Term of Round Robin explain d, ib. 
They land on an uninhabited ifland, ib. A Petition for Pardon 
agreed on, ib. The Form of that Petition, 533. Their Di- 

verfions, and Manner of Iving on the ifland, 534, 33 5. tfjeir 

mock Tryalof one another, 336 ^0 338. They put to Sea again^ 
328. Their Petit'.on not anfiverd, ib. The Morning 

StAT 'ii^reck'd, ib. Anftis 7iarrowly efcapes beiyig taken, 339. 

A Plot difcoverdy ib. The Crew gathers strength again, 240* 
Surprifed by the Winchelfca M-tn of War at Tobago, ib. Fire 
*ne of their Ships, ib. Anftis efcates, ib. Is killed ly a 

Confpiracy of his own Men, 541. Twe Ship fimeytder d at Cu- 

raco, ib. several hang d there, ih. ^Qn hanged at P^n- 

tegoa, ib. ihe good Luck of thofe who fiedto the JVoods, ib. 


The C O N T E N T S. 

i'he ijland of St, Thome, Del Priocipe, and Annobono, from. 
iSS*p£o4. The Dutch Govermr of Acm taken ^y Davis, 

so?. Davis well received by the Governor of Princes, id. His 
^Stratagem to come at the Wealth of the ijland^ 2o(J. Js coun^ 

ter^lotud andkilVd^ hy a» Amhufcade, £07. 


^ Of Capt. Bak, Roberts, and hisCpvEw, 

HIS Beginning, 208. EJeBed Captain intheRoom ofT^vfisy 

20^. The Speech of Lord Dennis at the EleBion, ib. Lord 
Sympfon obp6ts again fi a Fapifi^ ib. Ihe DeaiJy of Davis 

reveng^J, 210, Roberts faiJj Southward , :n ^eft of Ad-- 

^entureSy 211. The Names of the Prizes taken by them y ib. 

Bralil deJcviFd, from 21 1 to 221. Roberts falls into a Fleet of 
Portuguefe, 221- Boards and takes the richefiShip among fi 

them, 22-2, Make the DeviVs JJIandSf 22^. An unfortunate 
Adventure of Roberts, 224. Kennedy'/ Treachery, 225. 

Irilhmen excluded by Roberts and his Crew, 230. Articles 

fworn to hy them^ ib. A Copy of them from, 230 ^^ 233' Some 
Account of the Laws nnd Cujhmscf the Py rates, 233,234. An 
Injiance of Roberts his Cunning, 234. He proceeds again upon 
Bujinefs, and takes I>riz€S, 235. Narrowly ef capes being ta^ 

ken, 23<$. Sails for the jjland Dominico, ib. Another 

JEfcape, 2^1. .S^2/j/<?r Newfoundland, ib. Plunders, Jinks 
and hums 22 Sail in the Harbour of Trepaffi, ib. Plunders 

ten Sail of French Men, 238. The mad Behaviour of the Crew^ 

£38, 299. -^ Ccrrefpondence hinted at, 240. The Py rates ca- 
tefs d at the l/larJ of St* Bartholomew, ib. In extream 

Dijirefs, 241, 242. Sail for Martinico, 243. A Strata^ 

gem of Roberts, ib. The infolent Device in his Colours^ 244. 

And odd Compliment paid to Roberts, ib. Three Men defert 

the Pyrates, and are taken by them, 2.^'). Their Tryaly 245, 

246. Two executed, and one faved, 247. The Brigan- 

tine Aeferts them, 248. Great Diviftons in the Company^ 

248,249. A Def c ription of Serr&.leone River, 2^0. The. 

Nams of Engliih fettled there, and Way of Life, 251, 252, 253. 
T/;e Onflow belonging to the Afncan Company taken, 254. Th& 
Pyrates Contempt of Soldiers, ib. They are for entertaining aC^Jap" 
lain, ih. Their Skirmifi with the Calahur Negroes, 2^6, 2^ 
Kia<r Solomon, belonging to the Africa.n Company, taken, 2 ^S, 
The Frolicks of the Pyrates, ib. Take eleven Sail in Whydah 
Koad, 259. A comical Receipt given by the Vyrates^ 260. A 
cruel ABicn of Roberts, 261. Sails for Anna Bona, 262. 

The Progrefs of the S\Y«-llow Man of fVar, in Purfuit cf Roberts, 
from 262 to 26]* Rob errs his Cor^fi^ taken, 2^7. The 

(a) Bravery 

( 17) 





P Y R A T E S. 


S the Py rates in the lVefi'L:d.'es have 
been fo formidable and numerous^ 
chat they have imerru^ted the 
Trade of Europe into thole Parts ^ 
. and our EngUjli Merchants, in parti- 
cular, have fulTered more by theii^ 
Depredations, thao by the united 
Force of Trance and 5p^/w, in the late War : We do 
not doubt but the World will be curious to know 
the Original and Progrefs of thefe Defperadoes, 
who were the Terror of the trading Part of the 

But before we enter upon their particular Hi-* 

Hory, it will not be amifs, by way of Introduction, 

to flic w, by fome Examples drawn from Hiftdry, 

J the great Mifchief and Danger which threaten 

Kingdoms and Commonwealths, from the Increafe 

B ' of 

i8 The In TnovucT 10 n, 

of thefe iort of Robbers •, when either by the Trou- 
bles of particular Times, or the Negled of Go- 
vernments, they are not cruih'd before they gather 

It has been the Cafe heretofore, that when a Hn- 
gle Pyrate has been fullered to range the Seas, as 
i]Oi: being worth the Notice of a Government, he 
has by Degrees grown fo powerful, as to put them 
to the Expe ice of a great deal or Blood and Trea- 
fure, before he was fupprefs'd.. We fhall not examine 
how it came to pafs, that our Py rates in the Wcfl-ln— 
diesh^we continually increafed till of la^e ;,:this is an 
Enquiry which belo.igs to the Leg'ilature,or Repre- 
fei.tatives of the People m Parliament, and to them 
we fhall leave it. 

Our Bufmels Ihall be briefly to fhew, what from 
Eeginriin'j^s, as inconfiderable as thefe, other Kations 
have fuffered. 

In the Times of Marks and SylUy Rome was in 
her greate/^ Strength, yet fhe was fo torn in Pieces 
by the Fadions of thole two great Men, that every 
Thirg which concerned the publick Good was 
altogether neglected, when certain Py rates broke 
out from C/ciflay a Country ^f ^Jia Minor ^ iituate 
on the Coaft of the Mediteran^jij betwixt Syria on 
the Eaft, from whence it is divided by Mount Tau- 
risy and Armenia Minor on the Weft. This Begin- 
rJng was mean and inconfiderable, having but two 
or three Ships, and a few Men, with which they 
cru'^fed about the Greek Iilands, taking fuch Ships as 
were very ill armd or weakly defended \ however, 
by the taking of many Frizes, they loon increaled 
in Wealth aid Power : The fir ft Adion of their 's 
wh^ch made a Noile, was the taking of Julius Cdtfary 
who was as yet a Youth, and who being obliged to 
Hy from the-Cruelties of Syila^ who Ibught his Life, 
rvent mto BJthiniay and fojourned a while with A7- 
cmudes^ King of that Country j in his Return back 


The iNTl^ O DUCT 10 N. 19 

by Sea, he was met with, and taken, by fome of 
thefe Py rates, near the liland of Pharmacufa : Thel^ 
Py rates had a barbarou^. Cuftom of tying their Prilb- 
ners Back to Ba:k and throwing them into the Sea ^ 
but, fuppofing C^far to be fome Perfon of a high 
Rank, becaufe of his purple Robes, a, id the Num- 
ber of his Attendants, they thought it would bo 
more for their Profit tb preferve him, in hopes of 
receiving a great Sum for his Ranfi^rri t; therei'or^ 
they told him he ihould have his Liberty, provided 
he would pay them twenty Talfnts, which they 
judgM to be a very high Demand, in our M^ney, 
about three thoufand fix hundred Pounds Sterlint^*, 
he fmiled^ and of his own Accord promi fed theiA 
fifty Talents ^ they w^re both pleafed, and furpr iz"4 
at his Anfvver, and confented that ieveral of his 
Attendants fhould go by his Diredion ^nd r^life th'o 
Money ^ and he was left among thefe RufHans with' 
no more than 3 Attendants. He pafs'd eight and 
thirty Days, and feemed fo little concerned or 
afraid, that ofteu when he went to deep, he ufe'd 
to charge them not to make a Noife, th'reatnin^, 
if they difturbed him, to hang them all ♦, he alio 
play'd at Dice with them*, and fbmetimes wrote 
Verfes and Dialogues, which he ufed to repeat, 
and alio ca'ufe them to repeat, and if they did r.o'c 
fraife and admire them, he would call them Beafts 
and Barbarians, telling them he would crucifV thcmo- 
They took all thefe as the Sallies of a juvenile Hu- 
mour, and were rather diverted, than dilpleafed ac 

At length his Attendants return'd with his Pva^i- 
f()m, which he paid, and was difcharged ; he laii'd 
for the Port of Mlletnmy where, as k>on as he wis 
arrived, he ufed all his Art and Induftry in Pitting 
out a Squadron of Ship's, which he equipoM and. 
arm'd at his own Charges ^ and failing in Q_uef^ of 
the Py rates,- he furpriz'd themasthev lay at An- 

B 2 " Cher 


chor among the Iflands, and took thofe who ha^ 
taken him before, with fome others •, the Money h^ 
found upon them he made Prize of, to reimburie 
his Charges, and he carry^d the Men to Tcrgamus or 
Troy^ and there fecured them in Prifon : In the mean 
Time, he apply 'd him (elf to Junius^ then Governor 
of Jfia^ to whom it belonged to judge and deter- 
mine of the Puniihment of thele Men ; but Junius 
finding there was no Money to be had, anfwered 
Cdifavj that he would think at his Leifure, what 
was to be done with thofe Prifoners *, Cd^far took his 
Leave of him, returned back to Tergamusy 2inA com- 
manded that the Prifoners fliould be brought out 
and executed, according to Law in that Cafe provi- 
ded :, which is taken Notice of, in a Chapter at the 
End of this Book, concerning the Laws in Cales of 
Pyracy : And thus he gave them that Punifhment in 
Earneft, which he had often threatned them with 
in Jeft. 

Ccifar went ftrait to Rome^ where, being engaged 
in the Defigns of his own private Ambition, as 
were almoft all the leading Men in Rome^ the Py- 
rates who were left, had Time to increafe to a pro- 
digious Strength ^ for while the civil Wars lafted, 
the Seas were left unguarded, fo that Plutarch tells 
us, that they ereded diverfe Arfenals full of all 
manner of warlike Stores, made commodious Har- 
bours, fet up Watch-Towers and Beacons all along 
the Coafts of Clllc/a ; that they had a mighty Fleet, 
wqW equipped and furniih'd, with Galliots of Oars, 
unann'd, not only with Men of defperate Courage, 
but alto with expert Pilots and Mariners •, they 
had their Ships of Force, and light Pinnaces for 
cruifuig and making Difcoveries, in all no lefs than 
a thoufand Sail % fb glorioufly let out, that they 
were as much to be envied for their gallant Shew, 
as feared for their Force *, having the Stern and 
Quarters all gilded with Gold and their Oars plated 


The Introduction. 21 

with Silver, as well as purple Sails-, as if their 
greateft Delight had been to glory in their Iniquity. 
Kor were they content with committing Pyracies 
and Infolericies by Sea, they committed as 2:reat 
Depredations by Land, or rather made Conquefts ; 
for they took and fack'd no lefs than four hundred 
Cities, laid leveral others under Contributions, 
plundered the Temples of the Gods, and inriched 
themfelves with the Offerings depofited in them •, 
they often landed Bodies of Men, who not only 
plundered the Villages along the Sea Coaft, but 
ranfacked the fine Houfes of the Noblemen along 
the Tiber, A Body of them once took SextilUus and 
Bellimsy two Roman Praetors, in their purple Robes, 
going from Rome to their Governments, and carried 
them away with all their Sergeants, Officers and 
Vergers • they alfo took the Daughter of Antonlus 
a confular Perfon, and one who had obtained the 
Honour of a Triumph, as flie was going to the 
Country Houfe ot her Father. 

But what was moft barbarous, was a Cuflom they 
had when they took any Ship, of enquiring of the 
Perfon on Board, concerning their and 
Country ^ if any of them faid he was a Roman^ they 
fell down upon their Knees, as if in a Fright at 
the Greatnefs of that Name, and begg'd Pardon for 
what they had done, and imploring his Mercy, they 
ufed to perform the Offices of Servants about his 
Perfon, and when they found they had deceived 
him into a Belief of their being fincere, they hung 
out the Ladder of the Ship, and coming with a fhew 
of Courtefy, told him, he had his Liberty, defiring 
him to walk out of the Ship, and this in the Middle 
of the Sea, and when they obferved him in Sur- 
prize, as was natural, they uled to throw him over- 
board with mighty Ihouts of Laughter •, fo wanton 
they were in their Cruelty. 

B 3 Thus 

::2 The I-^T-ROI^'UCTlOl^. 

Thus, while Borne was Miftrefs of the World, fii^ 
fufFered Infults and Affronts, almoft at her Gates, 
from thefe powerful Robbers •, but what for a while 
made Faction ceafe, and roufed the Genius of that 
People, n^ver ufed to fuffer Wrongs from a fair 
Enemy, was an exceilive Scarcity of Provifions in 
Rcme^ occafioned by all the Ships loaden with Corn 
and Provi lions from Sidfyj Corficay and other Places, 
beintr intercepted and taken by thefe Pyrates, info- 
much that they were a^moft reduced to a Famine : 
Upon this, Pcmpey the Great was immediately ap- 
pointed.GeneraJ to manage this War •, five hundered 
Sh^'ps were immediately fitted out, he had fourteen 
3enat:ors, Men of Experience in the War, for his 
V'ce-Admirals ; and ib confiderable an Enemy, 
were thefe Ruffians become, that no lefs than an 
Army of a hundred thoufand Foot, and five thou- 
farid Horfe was appointed to invade them by Land; 
but it happened very luckily for Rot?7ey thut Pompey 
fail'd out before the Pyrate had Intelligence of a 
Pefign againfl: them, Co that their Ships were fcat- 
te red all over the Mediterranean^ like Bees gone out 
ifrom a Hive, fbme one Way, fome another, to 
bring Home their Lading^ Vompey dWideA \\\s Fleet 
into thirteen Squadrons, to whom he appo'nted 
their ieveral Stations, fo that great Numbers of the 
PyratC'S fell into their Hands, Ship by Ship, with- 
out any Lofs ; forty Days he palled in frouring the 
MedJ.terraneany fbme of the Fleet cruizing along 
the CoafI: of Afrk'ky fome about the Iflands, and 
fome upon the Italian Coafl:s, fo that often thofe 
Pyrates who were flying from one Squadron, fell 
in with another •, however, fome of them efcaped, 
and thefe making directly to Clllcitty and acquaint- 
ing their Confederates on Shore with what had 
happened, they appointed a Rendezvous of all the 
Ships that had efcaped at the Port of Coracefium^ m 
fhe fame Country. Pompey finding the Mediterranean 
^" ''" ' '. quite 

Tie Intro DUCT I oit: 25 

quite clear, appointed a Meeting oT all his FJeet at 
the Haven of Brunduftumj and iTom thence failin^^ 
round into the Adriatich^ he went directly to attack 
thefe Py rates in their Hives; as fbon as he came 
near the Corccefium in Cdkia^ where the Remainder of 
the Py rates no.v lay, they had the Hardinefs to 
come and give h^m Battle, but the Genius of old 
Rome prevailed, and the Py rates received an entire 
Overthrow, being all either taken or deftro\ed ♦, but 
as they made many ftrong Fortreires upon the Sea 
Coaft, and built Caftles and ftrong Holds up the 
Cou:itry, about the Foot of Mount T^z^rz^/, he was 
obliged to b^fiege thetn with his Army ^ Ibme Pla- 
ces he took by Storm, others furreadered to his 
Mercy, to whom he gave their Lives, and at length 
he made an entire Conqueft. 

But it is probable, that hid thefe Py rates receiv'd 
fuffic'ent Not'ce of the Komdn Preparation againft 
th-m, fb as they might have had Time to draw 
their fcattered Strength into a Bodv, to have met 
Tomfey by Sea, the Advantage appeared greatly oa 
the'T Side, in Numbers of Shipping, and of Men ^ 
nor did hey want Courage, as may be feen by their 
com'ng out of the Port of Coraceftunty to give the 
Romans Battle, with a Force much inferior to their's^ 
I (ay, hai they overthrown Pi?w/?^y, it is likely they 
would have made greater Attempts, and Rome^ 
which had co quer'd the whole World, might have 
been fubdued by a Parcel of Pyrates. 

This is a Proof how dangerous it is to Govern- 
ments to be negliiZient, and not take an early Care 
in fuppreiling thefe Sea Banditti, before they gather 

The Truth of th's Maxim may be better exem- 
plified in the Hiftory of Barbaroufe^ a Native in 
the City of MhyUne^ in the Illand of Lesbos^ in the 
Eo^cnn Sea ; a Fellow of ordinary Birth, who being 
bred to the Sea, firft fct out from thence upon 


24 The lUTJtOVVCTIon. 

the py rating Account with only o.^e fmall Veflel, 
but by the Prizes he took, he gain'd immenfe Riches, 
fo that getting a great Kumber of large Ships, 
all the bold and dillolute Fellows of thofe Iflands 
fiock'd to him, and lifted in his Service, for th^ 
Hopes of Booty ^ fo that his Strength was increa- 
led to a formidable Fleet : With thefe he perform'd 
fuch bold and adventurous Adions, that he became 
the Terror of the Seas, About this Time it hap- 
pened that Sellm Bntemlj King of Algiers^ having re- 
fufed to pay the accuflomed Tribute to the SpanU 
ardsj was apprehenfive of an Invafion from thence ^ 
wherefore he treated with Barharoufe^ upon the Foot 
of an Ally, to come and ailiii him, and deliver him 
from paying this Tribute •, Barharoufe readily came 
into it, and failing to Algiers with a great Fleet, 
he put part of his Men on Shore, and having laid a 
Plot to furprize the City, he efreO:ed it with great 
Succefs, and murder'd Seiim in a Bath *, foon after 
which, he was himfelf crowned King of Algiers ; 
after this he made War upon Ahdilabde^ King of 
Tunis^ and overthrew him in Battle ^ he extended 
his Conqueii:s on all Sides •, and thus from a Thief 
became a mighty King : and tho' he was at lafl kill'd 
in Battle, yet he had fo well eftablilhed himfelf up- 
on that Throne, that, dying without IfTue, he left 
the Inheritance of the Kingdom to bis Brother, 
another Pyrate. 

I come now to fpeak of the Py rates infefting the 
WeU-hdiesy where they are more numerous than in 
any other Parts of the World, on feveral Reafbns : 

pViT-, Becaufe there are fo m.any uninhabited 
little Iflands and Keys, with Harbours convenient 
and fecure for cleaning their Veffels, and aboun- 
ding with what they often want, Provifion •, I mean 
Water, Sea-Fowl, Turtle, Shell, and other Fifh^ 
"where, if they carry in but ftrong Liquor, they 


The iNT no DUCT 10 IT. 25 

indulge a Time, and become ready for new Expe- 
ditions before any Intelligence can reach to hurt 

It may here perhaps be no unuecelTary Digref- 
flon, to explain upon what they call Keys in the 
Weft-Indies : Thefe are fmall fandy lllands, appear- 
ing a little above the Surf of the Water, with only 
a few Bufhes or Weeds upon them, but abound 
(thofe moft at any Diftance from the Mainj with 
Turtle, amphibious Animals, that always chufe 
the quieteft and moft unfrequented Place, for lay- 
ing their Eggs, which are to a vaft Number in the 
Seafons, and would feldom be feen, but for this, 
(except by Pyrates: j Then VefTels from 'Jamaica 
and the other Governments make Voyages, called 
Turtling, for fupplying the People, a common an4 
approved Food with them. I am apt to think thefe 
Keys^ efpeciallv thofe nigh Iflands, to have been once 
contiguous with them, and feparated by Earth-, 
quakes (frequently there) or Inundations, becaufe 
fome ot them that have been within continual 
View, as thofe nigh Jamaica^ are obferved within 
Our Time, to be entirely wafled away and loft:, and 
others daily wafting. There are not only of the. 
Ufe above taken Notice of to Pyrates ♦, but it is' 
commonly believed were always in buccaneering 
pyratical Times, the hiding Places for their Riches, 
and often Times a Shelter for themfelves, till their 
Friends on the Main, had found Means to obtain 
Indemnity for their Crimes -^ for you muft under- 
ftand, when Afts of Grace were more frequent, 
and the Laws lefs fevere, thefe Men continually 
found Favours and Incouragers at Jamalcay and 
perhaps they are not all dead yet •, 1 have beeu 
told many of them them ftill living have been of 
the fame Trade, and left it off only becaufe they 
can live as well honeftly, and gain now at the ha- 
zard of others Necks. 


26 The iNTnODUCTIOlTj 

Secondly, a i other Reafoii why thefe Seas are 
chofe by Py rates, is the great Commerce thither 
by French, Spaniards, Dutch, and eipecially English 
Ships : They are lure \a the Latitude of thete tra- 
ding Illands, to meet with Prizes, Booties of Pro- 
vifion, Cloathing, and Naval-Stores, and fome- 
times Money \ there being great Sums remitted 
th^s Way to England \ (the Returns of the Affiento, 
and private Slave-Trade, to the Spani^j Wc^t-lndles : ). 
And ill ihort, by fome one or other, all the Riches 

A third Reafbn, is the Inconveniency and Diffi- 
culty of being purfued by the Men of War, the 
many fmall Inlets, La^^oons and Harbours, on thefe 
folitary Iflands and Keys, is a natural Security. 

'Tis generally here that the Pyrates begin their 
Enterprizes, letting out at firfl- with a very fmall 
Force-, and by infefting thefe Sea«^, aad thofe of 
the Continent of North- America , in a Year's Time, 
if they have good luck on their Side^, they acca* 
mulate fuch Strength, as enables them to make 
foreign Expeditions : The fiift, is ufually to Guiney, 
taking the ^z.ores ^ud Cape de Terd lilands in their 
Way, and then to Braz.H2.dd the Eafl-Ind^es, where 
if they meet with profperous Voyage^;, they fet 
down'at Madagafcar, or the neighbouring Illands, 
and enjoy their ill gotten Wealth, among their 
elder Brethren, with Impunity. But that I may 
not give too much Encouragement to the Profef- 
fion, 1 muft inform my maritime Readers, that the 
far greater Part of thefe Rovers are cut fhort in the 
Purfuit, by a fudden Precipitation into the other 

The Rife of thefe Rovers, fmce the Peace of 
Vtrecht, or at leaft, the great Encreafe o^^them, may 
juftly be computed to the SpamjJj Settlements in the 
Weft' Indies ', the Governors of which, being often 
ibme hungry Courtiers, fent thither to repair or 
..:Cr/^::-^ niake 

The In TROD VCT 10 IT. ^7 

make a Fortune, generally Countenarice all Pro- 
ceedings that bring in Profit : They grant Com- 
jniflions to great ^Numbers of Vefiels of War, on 
Pretence of preventing an interloping Trade, with 
Orders to leize all Ships or Veifels vvhatfoever, 
within five Leagues ot their Coaf^s, which our Eyig- 
lifi Ships cannot well avoid cr«ming, in their Voyage 
to Jamaica. But if the SpanijJj Captains chance to 
exceed this Commiilion, and rob and plunder at 
Difcretion, the Sufferers are allowed to complain, 
and exhibit a Procefs in their Court, and after great 
Expence of Suit, Delay of Time, and other Incoii- 
veniencies, obtani a Decree in their Favour, but 
then when the Ship and Cargo comes to be claim'd, 
with Cofts of Suit, they find, tp their Sorrow, 
that it has been previoully condemn'd, find the 
Plunder divided among the Crew ; the Comman- 
der that made the Capture, who alone is refpon- 
iible, is found to be a poor raskally Fellow, not 
worth a Groat, and, no doubt, is plac'd in that 
Station for the like Purpofes. 

The frequent Lolfes fuftain'd by our Merchants 
abroad, by thefe Fy rates, was Provocation enough 
to attempt fomething by way of Reprifal ^ and a 
fair Opportunity offering it felf in the Year 1715, 
the Traders of the West-Indies^ took Care not to flip 
it over, but made the beft Uie of it their Circum- 
stances would permit. 

It was about two Years before, that the Span'^ 
Galleons, or Plate Fleet, had been caft away in 
the Gulf of Florida-^ and feveral Vefiels from the 
Havana, were at work, with diving Engines, to fiih 
up the Silver that was on board the Galleons. 

The Spaniards had recovered fome Millions of 
Pieces of Eight, and had carried it all to the Ha- 
vana -^ but thev had at prefent about 350000 Piecas 
of Eight in Silver, then upon the Spot, and were 



daily taking up more. In the mean time, two 
Ships, and three Sloops, fitted out from Jamaica^ 
Barhadoes^ &c, under Captain Henry Jennings^ faii'd 
to the Gulf, and found the 5/7i«w^r^i there upon the 
Wreck •, the Money before fpoken of, was left on 
Shore, depofited in a Store-Houfe, under the Go- 
vernment of two Commiilaries, and a Guard of 
about 60 Soldiers. 

The Rovers came directly upon the Place, bring- 
ing their little Fleet to an Anchor, and, in a Word, 
landing 300 Men, they attacked the Guard, who 
immediately mn away ^ and thus they feized the 
Treafure, whicji they carried off, making the beft 
of their Wav to Jamaica. 

In their Way they unhappily met with a Sfanifl) 
Ship, bound from Torto Bello to the Havana^ with 
a great many rich Goods, viz.. Bales of Cochineal, 
Casks of: Indico, and (5oooo Pieces of Eight more, 
which their Hands being in, they took, and having 
rifled the VelTel, let her go. 

They went away to "Jamaica with their Booty, 
and were followed in View of the Port, by the Sfa- 
niardsj who having feen them thither, went back 
to the Governor of the Havana^ with the Account 
of it, who immediately fent a VelTel to the Go- 
vernor oi "Jamaica to complain of this Robbery, and 
to reclaim the Goods. 

As it was in full Peace, and contrary to all Juftice 
and Right, that this Fa£t was committed, they 
were foon made fenfible that the Government at 
Jamaica would not fuifer them to go unpunilhed, 
much lefs proteO: them. Therefore they faw a 
KecelTity of fhifting for themfelves-, fo, to make 
bad worie, they went to Sea again, tho' not without 
dilpofing of their Cargo to good Advantage, and fur- 
nifhing themfelves with Ammunition, Provifions, 
#•«•. and being thus made defperate, they turn'd 

Py rates. 


Pyrates, robbing not the Spaniards only, but their 
own Countrymen, and any Nation they could lay 
their Hands on. 

It happened about this Time, that the Spaniards 
with three or four fmall Men of War, fell upon our 
Logwood Cutters, in the Bay of Camfeachy^ and 
Bay of Honduras ^ and after they had made Prizea 
of the following Ships and Veifels, they gave the 
Men belonging to them, three Sloops to carry them 
home, but thefe Men being made defperate by their 
Misfortunes, and meeting with the Pyrates, they 
took on with th*?m, and fo encreas'd their Number. 

Tlje LIST of Ship and Fcffcls tahn by the Spanilh Men 
of War in the Tear 1 7 1 <5. 

The Stafford^ Captain Knoch^ from New-England^ 

bound for London. 

jinney Gcmiflj^ for ditto. 

Bove-^ Grirnftotic^ for New-Endand. 

A Sloop, ■ Alden^ for ditto. 

A Brigantine, Moffon^ for ditto. 

A Brigantine, « Turfield, for ditto. 

A Brigantine, Tennis, for ditto. 

A Ship, • ■ . Torter, for ditto. 

Indian EmferoTj We?nworthy for New-England, 
A Ship, Rich, Mafter* 

Ditto, Bay. 

Ditto, Smith, 

Ditto, • . Stockum. 

Ditto, . Satlely. 

A Sloop, — . Richards, belonging to New- 


Two Sloops, belonging to Jamaica, 

One Sloop — • ——of Barhadoes, 

Two Ships ' . .from Scotland. 

Two Ships •— - — - from Holland. 



The Rovers being; now pretty ftrong, they con- 
fulted together about getting ibme Place of Re-^ 
treat, where they might lodge their Wealth, cleari 
and repair their Ships, and make themfelves a kind 
of Abode. They were not long in refolving, butf 
fixed upon the Ifland 6^ Providence y the moft confi- 
derable of the Bahama Iflands, lying in the Lati- 
tude of about 24 Degrees North, and to the Eaft- 
ward of the Spdnifi Florida, 

■ This Ifland is about 28 Miles long, and eleven 
where broadefl, and has a Harbour big enough to 
hold 500 Sail of Ships ; before which lies a fmall 
Ifland, which makes two Inlets to the Harbour ^ at 
either Way there is a Bar, over which no Ship of 
506 Tiin can pais. The Bahama Iflands were pof- 
lefs'd by the EngHfl) till the Year 1700, when the 
I^rench and Spaniards from Tetit Guavus^ invaded them, 
took the Fort and Governor in the Ifland of Tto- 
videncey plundered and deflroy'd the Sett lenients, &c. 
carried off half the Blacks, and the refl of the 
People, who fled to the Woods, retired afterwards 
to Carcl'ma. 

la March 1705-5, the Houfe of Lord^" did in 
an Addrefs to her lateMajefly, fet forth, ^ That the 
French and Spaniards had twice, daring the Tinie 
of the War, over run and plundered the Bahama 
Iflands, that there was no Form of Government 
there : That the Harbour of the Ifle of Providence^ 
might be eaflly put in a Poflure of Defence, and 
that it would be of dangerou-s Confequence, Ihould 
thofe Iflands fall into the Hands of the Enemy ^ 
wherefore the Lords humbly befbught her Ma- 
jefty to ufe fiich Methods as flie ihould think 
proper for taking the faid Ifland intoi her Hands, 
in order to fecure the ilime to the Crown of this 
Kingdom, and to the Security and Advantage 
of the Trade thereof 


The lNTnOT>irCT lONi 51 

But, ho vever it happeied, no Means were ufed 
in compliance to that Addrefs, for fecuring the Ba- 
hdma (ila.ids, till the Ef?ghjh Pyrates had made Pr^- 
'vldence their Retreat aiid general Recept cle •, then 
'twas tou id abfo'utely neceiFary, in order to dif- 
lodge that troublefome Colony *, and Informa ion 
being made by the Merchants to the Government, 
of the Mifch'ief thev did, and were likely to do, 
his Maje/ly was plealed to grant the tollowing 

Whitehall September 15, T 7 1 5. 

Complaint having been made to his Majefty, 
by great Number of Merchants, Mafters of 
Sh'ps and otherSj as well as, by ieveral Gover- 
nors ofhis Majefty's Iflands and Plantations in the 
Wefl- Indies *, that the Pyrates are grown fb nume- 
rous, that they infeft not only the Seas near Ja- 
maica^ b'lt even thofe of the Northern Continent 
of America \ and that, unlefs fome efTe^u 1 Means 
be ufed, the whole Trade from Great Britain to 
thofe Parts, will not be only obftruded, but in 
imminent Da:iger of being loft : His Majefty has, 
upon mature Deliberation in Council, been plea- 
fed, in the fir ft Place, to order a proper Force 
to be employ'd for the fupprefting the faid Py- 
rates, which Force fo to be employed, is as 



« A Lift of his Majefty's Ships and VelTels employ- 
' edj and to be employed, at the Brlti^i Go* 
* vernments and Plantations irwXhQWefl- Indies. 

Hace where. Rates, Ships, 
5 Adventure^ 

Diamond f 
Ludlow Cafile 
S^amaica, <^ ^'^^^ft Sloop, 



40 ^ 

I 6 tVmhel/ea^ 20 

BarhadoeSy 5 Scarhorough^ 

teewavdljlandsy 6 Seaford, 

Tr^al Sloop, 
6 Lime, 
5 Shoreham^ 

40 Now there» 

Sail'd from hence thi- 
ther sth of laft Month: 
40 T& carry the Governor- 

Now there. 

Surveying the Coaft of 
the W eft-Indie«, and 
then to return Home ; 
b'lr, duringher being 
at Jamaica, is to join 
the others, for Secu- 
nty ofthe Trade, and 
intercepting Py rates. 

Now there. 


i^ew-BngJand, i 


6 PhooniXy 







Now there. 

Now there. 

Ordcr'd Hom6. 

Sailed thither from 

. Home the 7th of laft 
Month, and is tocruife 
about the Capes. 

Now there. 
Order*d Home. 

* Thofe at "Jamaica^ Barhadoes and the Leeward 

* Iflands, are to join upon Occafion, for annoying 
' the Py rates, and the Security ofthe Trade : And 

* thofe at New-England^ Virginia and New^Tork^ are 

* to do the like. 

Befides thefe Frigots, two Men of War were or- 
dered to attend Captain Rogers, late Commander of 
the two BriP;ol Ships, called the Duke and t)utchcfs^ 
that took the rich Acafulca Ship, and made a Tour 
round the Globe. This Gentleman received a Com- 
miiTion from his Majefty, to be Governor of the 
liland of Providence J and was vefted with Power" 
to make Ufe of all poifible Methods for reducing 


thePyrates^ and that nothing might be wanting 
he carried with him, the King's Proclamation of 
Pal'don, to thofe who iliould return to their 
Duty by a certain Time , the Proclamation is as 
follows j 

By the KING, 

A PROCLAMATION, for fuppreiUng of 
P Y R A T E S. 


W He re as we have received Information^ that fever al 
Terfonsj SuhjeHs of Great Britain, have firjce 
the i^th Day 0/ June, in the Tear of our Lord 171 5, 
committed divers Pyracies and Robberies upn the Hiqh^ 
Seas^ in the Weft-Indles, or adjoyn'mg to our VUntations 
which hath and may Occafion great Damage to the Mer^ 
chants of Great Britain, and others trading into thofe 
Tatts'^ and tho^ we have appointed fuch a Foroe as we 
judge fufficient for fuppreljwg the faid Pyrates^ yet the 
more cffcUually to put an End to the fame^ we have thouaht 
fity by and with the Advice of our Privy Council^ to Iffue 
this our Royal Proclamation \ and we do hereby promife 
and declare J that in Cafe any of the faid Pyrates. fljalL 
on or before the ^th of September, in the Tear of our Lord 
i^i^y furrender him or themfelves, to one of our Prin^ 
cipal Secretaries of State in Great Britain or Ireland 
or to any Governor or Deputy Covcrnor of any of our 
Plantations beyond the Seas ^ every fuch Pyrate and Pyratcs 
fo furrendering him^ or themfelves, as aforefaidy JJiall have 
our gracious Pardon ^ of and for fuch ^ his or their Pyracy 
or Pyraciesy by him or them committed before the fifth of 
January next enfuing. And wc do hereby ftriElly charae 
and comm^.nd all our Admirals y O'lptains^ and other Of'- 
fccrs at Scay and all our Governors and Commariders of 
any FortSy CaftleSy or other Places in our PlantationSy and 
all other our Officers Civil and Military y to feiz.e and take 

C fu,k 

34 7i&^ Intro DUCT ION. 

inch of the Pyrates^ who JJ^all refufe or negkU to fuYreri' 
der then. [elves ace rdinglyr And we do hereby furthey de- 
c!(^ye^ that in Cafe ariy Ferfcn or VerCons^ o?7, o( after ^ the 
6th Z>^ 0/ September 17 iS,Jj7/?// d i [cover or f('z.e^ or 
caufi or procure to he d[ccvered or [elz^ed^ any one or more of 
the fald Pyrates^forefufing or r.egleB'-nr to [urrender them- 
fehes as afortfmd^ [0 as they may he brought to Jufticey 
and conviBed of the [aid Offence^ [uch Per [on or Per ^ons^ 
fo making [vch Di[ccvcry or SeiTjurCy or caufing or ^rocu- 
Tf-na [uch Dlfcovery or Se'z,ure to be made^ [mil hate and 
receive as a Reward [or the [ame^ viz. for e^.ery Com- 
moiider o[ any private Ship or Fe[fel^ the Sum of 100 /. for 
every Lieutenant^ Mafter^ Boatfwain, Ctrpenter^ and 
Gunner^ the Sum of 40 / *, [or every infirior Officer , the 
Sum of^o /. and [or every private Man^ the Sum of 20 /. 
And i[ mry Per[cn or Per[ons, belonging to and being 
Tart o[ the Crew o[ any [uch Pyrate Ship or ^ejfel^ [jail on 
or after the [aid ftxrh Day o[ September i^j i?,y [eiz,e 
and deliver y or cav[c to be [eiz^cd or delivered^ a-ny Com- 
mander or Commanders y of [uch Pyrate Ship or J'^^ffely [0 
as that he or they be brought tc Jufiicej and ccnviCied o[ 
the [aid Offence^ [uch Perfon or Per[onSy as a Reward [or 
the fame y [oall receive for every [uch Commander ^ the Sum 
o[ 200/. which [aid Sums^ the Lord Trea[urery or the 
Comm'iffioners of cur Trea[ury [or the 'time heing^ are here' 
ly requiredy and deGred to pay accordingly . 

Given at our Court, at Hampton-Court ^ the 
fifth Day of September ^ 17 17, ia the 
fourth Year of our Re^in. 
Godfave the KING. 

Before Governor Rogers went over, the Procla- 
ii??.t'.ori was lent to them, which they took as Teague 
tof^k theCovenantj that is^ they made Prize of the 
Ship '.)nd Proclamation too •, however, they fent 
for rhoie who were out a Cruifmg, and called a 
^:ererai Council, but there was ib much Noife and 
Clnmouf, that norhmg could be ?greed on y fbrnq 

"" " were 

The Introduction. 35 

were for fortifying the Ifland, to ftaiid upon their 
own Terms, and Treating with the Government upo'i 
the Foot ot a Commonwealth:; others were alio 
for ftrengthening the llland for their o\vn Security^ 
but were not ftrenuous for thefe Pundillios, \b th.ic 
they might have a general Pardon, wirhout bei ig 
obliged to make any Reftitutioii, and to retM'e^ 
with all their Elfeds, to the ne-ghbouring Brltifj 

Buc Captain JemingSy who was their Commadore,^ 
and who always bore a great S'vay amoig 
them, being a Man of good Underftandi;:g, aad a 
good Eftate, before this Whim took' him of going 
a Pyrating, refolved upon furrendering, vvitiiouc 
more ado, to the Terms of the Proclam,ition, which 
fo difcoiicerted all their Meaflires, that the Co^^ 
grefs broke up very' abruptly without doing any^ 
Thing •, and prefently Joinings^ and by his Exam- 
ple, about 1 50 more, came in to the Governor of 
Bermudafy and had their Certificates, tho' the 
greateft Part of them returned again, like the Dog 
to the Vomit. The Commanders who were theri 
in the Ifland, befides Captain Jemings abovemen- 
tioned, 1 think were thefe, Benjamin Hornigold Edward 
Teach y John Mart el ^ James Fife^ Chrifiopher Winter ^ N^ 
cholas Brown, Paul Williams, Charles Bellamy, Oliver la 
Bouche, M^]o^ Tenner, Ed. England, T. Burgefi fho.Cock- 
lyn, R. Sample, Charles Vane, and two or tliree others : 
Hornigold, Williams Burgefs and la Bouche were after- 
wards caft away :; Teaclo^nA Tenner kiWed, and their 
Crews taken-, James Fife killed by his own Men;- 
jMartefs Crew deftroyed, and he forced on an un- 
inhabited Ifland ; Cocklyn, Sample and Vane hanged • 
Winter and Brown fur rendered to the Spaniards aC 
Cuba, and Eno^land lives now at Madagafcar. 

In the Month o^ May or June 171 8, Cap'taiii 
Rogers arrived at his Government, with tvvo of his 
IVlajefty's Ships, and found feveral of the abovefliid 

C 2 Py rates 

§6 The Intro DUCTioN. 

Pyrates there, who upon the coming of the Men 
ot War, all furrendered to the Pardon, except 
Charles Fane and his Crevv, which happened after 
this Manner. 

I have before delcribed the Harbour to have two 
Inlets, by Means of a fmall Ifland lying at the 
Mouth of it ^ at one of which, both the Men of 
War entered, and left the other open, fo that Vane 
ilip'd his Cable, fet Fire to a large Prize they had 
there, and refolutely put out, firing at the Man 
of War as he went off. 

As foon as Captain Rogers had fettled himfelf in 
his Government, he built a Fort for his Defence, 
and garrifbned it with the People he found upon 
the Ifland •, the quondam Pyrates, to the Number of 
400, he formed into Companies, appointed Officers 
of thofe whom he moft cdnfided in, and then 
fet about to fettle a Trade with the Spaniards^ in 
the Gulf of Mexico 'j in one of which Voyages, 
Captain Burgefs abovementioned, died, and Captain 
Horriigoldy another of the famous Pyrates, was 
caft away upon Rocks, a great Way from Land, 
and periihed, but live of his Men got into a Canoe 
and werefnved. 

Captain Rogers fent out a Sloop to get Proviiions, 
and gave the Command to one John Augur^ one 
of the Pyrates, who had accepted of the A£t of 
Grace ^ in their Voyage they met with two Sloops, 
^nd John and his Comrades not yet forgetting 
their former Bufmels, made Ufe of their old Free- 
dom, and took out of them in Money and Goods, 
to the Value of nbout 500 1. after this they 
."fteered away for JhLffaniolay not being fatisfy'd whe- 
ther the Governor would admit them to carry on 
two Trades at once, and fo thought to have bidden 
Farewel to the Bahama Llands ^ but as ill Luck would 
have it^ they met with a violent Turnado, wherein 
they ioft their Mafl, and were drove back to one of 


The iNTHODUCTio h\ 57 

the uninhabited Bahamas^ and loft their Sloop • the 
Wen got all aihore, and lived up and down in the 
Wood, for a little Time, till Governor Rogers 
happening to hear of their Expedition, and where 
they had got to, fent out an armed Sloop to the 
aforefaidlfland ^ the Mafter of which, with good 
Words and fair Promifes, got them on Board, 
and brought them all to Trovidence^ bejng a eleve.i 
Perlbns, ten of which were try'd at a Court of Ad- 
miralty, convicted, and hanged by the other's Ev'w 
dence, in the Sight of all their former Compa- 
nions and fellow Thieves. The Criminals would 
fain have fpirited up the pardoned Py rates, to 
refcue them out of the Hands of the Officers of 
Juftice, telling them from the Gallows, that, Tloey 
tiever thought to have feen the Tlme^ when ten fuch Men as 
they jlwiild be ty^d up and hanged like DogSy and four 
hundered of their fworn Friends and Companions quietly 
ftanding by to behold the SpeB:acle. O-ie Humphrey Ador- 
rice urged the Matter further than the reft, taxing 
them with Pufilanimity and Cowardice, as if it 
were a Breach of Honour in them not to rife and 
lave them from the ignominious Death they were 
going to fuffer. But 'twas all in vani, they were 
now told, it was their Buliriefs to turn their Minds 
to another World, and fincerely to repent of 
what Wickednefs they had done in this. Tb, an- 
fwered one of them, / do heartily repent \ I repent I 
had not done more Mifchicfj and that we did mt cut the 
Tloroats of them that took uSy and I am extremely frrry 
that you an'^t all han£d as well as we. So do /, i.^ys 
another ; u4nd /, fays a third :, and then they were 
all turned olf, without making any other dying 
Speeches, except one Dennis Macarty^ who told the 
People, That fome Friqnds of his had often faid he jJjould 
die in his Shoes^ but that he would make them Lyars^ and 
fo kicked them oil. And thus ended tli3 Live^, 
with their Adventures, of thofe miferable Wretches, 

C ^ wiio 

58 The iNTRODUCTIOir. 

who niay ierve as fad Examples of the little EffeO; 
Mercy has upon Men once abandoned to an evil 
Courfe of Lite. 

Leaft I be thought fevere in my Animadverfions 
upon the Sp^nlfij Proceedings in the Wef^-Indies^ in 
refpeft to their Dealings with us ^ I ihall mention 
an inftance or two, wherein Pll be as concife as poH. 
fible, and then tranfcribe fome original Letters from 
the Governor o^ "Jamaica, and an Officer of a Man of 
War, to the Mcaldees of T'rimdado, on the Ifland 
o^ Cuba, with their Anfwers, tra;iflated into Eng- 
' lijJj, and then proceed to the particular Hiftories 
ot the Pvrates and their Crews, that have made 
jTioft Noife in the World in our own Times. 

About March 1722, one of our Men o" War 
tradii g upon the Goafl-, viz.. the Greyhound G^Weyy 
Captain rFi^/row, the faid Captain invited fome oi the 
Merchants to Dinner, who with the^'r Attendants and 
Friends came on Board to the Number of i5 or 1 8 in 
Z\] •, and having concerted Meafares, about fix or 
(eight dined in the Cabin, and the reft were waiting 
on the Deck. While the Captain and his Guefts 
were at Dinner, the Boatfwain Pipes for the Ship's 
Company to dine ^ accordingly the Men take their 
Platters, receive their Provifions, and down they 
go between Decks, leaving only 4 or 5 Hands be- 
fides the Spaniards, above, who were immediately 
difpatched by them, and the Hatches laid on 
the reft -^ thofe in the Cabin were as ready as their 
Companions, for they pulled out their Piftols and 
ihot the Captain, Surgeon and another dead, and 
grievouily wounded the Lieutenant-, but he get- 
ina out of the Window upon a Side-Ladder, there- 
by faved his Life, and fo they made themfelves 
Mafters of theShip in an Inftant : But by acciden- 
tal good Fortune, ftie was recovered before fhe was 
carry 'doff:, for Captain rF^/ro« having mann'd a Sloop 
Vv'ith 30 Hands out of his Ship's Company, had fei.t 



her to Windward fome Days before, alfo for Trade, 
which the Spamards ki ew very well-, aud jail as the 
Action was over they law tnis Sioop coming down, 
before the Wind, to wards their Ship^ upo>i wh'chthe 
Spaniards tooir about looco /. in Specie, as I am in- 
formed, quitted the Ship, and went oil in their 
Launch unmolefted. 

About the fame Time, a Guard h Coaff^ of Forto 
Rico J commanded by one Matthew Luke^ an Itali^y 
took .four Englijli Velfels, and raurthered all th^ 
Crews : He was taken by the La^icefion Man of 
War, in May 1722, and brought toj^zmaica^ were 
they were all but (even dele rvedly hanged. It is 
likely the Man of War might not have meddled 
with her, but that fhe bliadly laid the Lanccfion on 
Board, thinking Ihe had been a Merchant Ship, 
who thereupon catched a Tartar. Afterwards m 
rummaging there was found a Cartridge of Powder 
raao.e up with a Piece of an ErgLp Journal, belong- 
ing, 1 believe, to the Crean Snow ^ and upon Ex- 
amination, at laft, it Wc^s difcovered that they 
had taken this Veifel and murchered the Cre .v ; 
and Oiie of the Sp-mardsy when he came to die, con- 
fefTed that he had killed twenty Er^glp Men with 
his own Hands. 

S. Jago de la Vega, Febr 2c. 

A Letter from his Excellency SirNkohsl^^w^^ 
our Governor^ to the Alcaldes of Trinidado 
on Cuba, dated the 26thof Jiw^ i7il-«2» 

C ^ I ''H E frequent Depredation*?, Robberies, and 

X ' other Acls of fioftiiity, which have been 
^ comm'ttodonthe King my Royal Mafter's Sub- 
* je£ts, by a Parcel of Banditti, who pretend to 

C 4 * have 

40 The Introduction. 

have Commlffions from you, and in Reality are 
flickered under your Government, is the Oc- 
cafion of my fending the Bearer Captain Cham- 
bcrlain^ Commander of his Majeity's Snow Happy, 
to demand SatisfaO:ion ot you for fo many noto- 
rious Robberies which your People have lately 
com.mitted on the King's Subjefts of this liland ; 
particularly by tliofe Tray tors, Nicolas Brown 
and Chriftopher Whiter^ to whom you have given 
Prote^lion. Such Proceedings as thefe are not 
only a Breach of the Law of Nations, but muft 
appear to the World of a very extraordinary 
Nature, when confidered that the Subjects of a 
Prince in Amity and Friendfliip with another, 
ihould give Countenance and encourage fuch vile 
Practices. I coafels I have had long Patience, and 
declined ufnig any violent Meafures to obtain 
Satisfaction, hoping the Ceffation of Arm's, ib 
happily concluded upon between our refpeftive 
Sovereigns, would have put an effedual Stop to 
thofe Diforders ; but on the contrary, I now find 
the Port of Trinidado a Receptacle to Villains 
of all Nations. I do therefore think fit to ac- 
quaint you, and afiure you in the King my Ma- 
ker's Name, that if I do meet with any of your 
Rogues for the future upon the Coaft of this 
liland, I will order them to be hanged directly 
without Mercy •, and I expert and demand of 
you to make ample Reflitution to Captain Cham- 
her lain of all the Negroes which the faid Brown 
and Winter have lately taken off from the !North- 
Side of this ifland, and alfo of fuch Sloops and 
other Effe£ls as they have been taken and robbed 
of, fince the Celfation of Arms, and that you 
will deliver up to the Bearer fuch E?igHjlj Men 
as are now detained, or otherwife remain at Tri* 
nidado \ and alfo expccl: you will hereafter forbear 
granting any Conimiilions, or fa&r any fuch 

* noto-' 

The Introduction. 41 

* notorious Villains to be equipp'd and fitted out 
< from your Port : otherwlfe you may depend upo:i 
' it, thofe that I can meet with, fliall be efteemed 

* Pyrates, and treated as fuch :^ of which I thought 

* proper to give you Notice^ and am, &c. 

A Letter from Mr. Jofeph Laws, 'Lieutenant 
of his 'Majejlfs Ship^ Happy &;i?Te', to the 
JlcaUes of" rnnid^ido. ''\'; ";■" 


4 T Am fent by Commadore Terno??^ Com.mander 
X ' in Chief of all his Majefty's Ships in the 

" Wefr-lndiesj to demand in the King our Maker's 
Name, all the Veilels, with their Effe£ts, &c, 
and alfo the Negroes taken from "jamdar, fince the 
CelTation of Arms ^ like wife all EngUfljme'a now 
detained, or otherwife remaining in your Port of 
Trinidadoj particularly Nkholm Brown ^udChrlfto- 
fher Wi?2terj both of them being Traytors, Py- 
rates and common Enemies to all Nations : And 
the faid Commadore hath ordered me to acquaint 
you, that he is furprized that the Subjects of a 
Prince in Amity and Friendfhip with another^ 
fhould give Countenance to fuch notorious Vil- 
lains. In Expectation of your immediate Compli- 
ance, I am. Gentlemen, 
OfT the River Trim- Your humble Servant, 
dado^ Feb. 8- 1720. Jofefh Laws* 

The Jnfwer of the Alcaldes of Trinidado, to 
Mr. LawsV Letter. 

Capt. Laws^ 
6 TN Anfwer to yours, this ierves to acquaint 

X ' you, that neither in this City, nor Port, are 
* there any Negroes or VefTeis which have been ta- 


4a The iNxno ductio ir. 

* ken at your liiand of Jamaica, no'^ ou chat C.i^ft 

* fince the Ceif'tion of Arm , r and whar Ve.Iels 

* have been taken iince that Time, hti^e been for 

* trading in an un)a^vful Commerce )a un^ Coali • 

* and as for thofe £'^giJJj Fugit ves you mention 

* they are here as other Subjects of our Loid the 
^ King, being brought volantarily toojr holy Ca- 

* tholick Faith, and have received the VVi<rer of 

* Baptifm ; but i^ they ihuuld prove Rogues, and 
^ ihould not comply with their Duty, in which 

* they are bound at prefent, tlien they ihaH be 

* chaflized according to the Ordinances of our 

* King, whom God preferve. .And we beg you will 

* weigh Anchor as focn as pofTible, and leave this 

* Fort and its Coafts, becauie upon no Account you 

* fhall be luifered to trade, or any Thing elie •, for 

* we are relolved not to admit thereof. God pre- 

* ferve you. We kifs your Hand. 

Trinidado^ Signed, Hleronimo de Fuentes^ 

Ffb. 8, 1722. Bemtte Alfonfo del Manz^am. 

Mr. LawsV Reply to the JlcaUes Letter. 

C "VTO U R refufing to deh'ver up the Subjefts of 
jL ^ the King my Mafter, is iomewhat furpri- 

* Z^'ng, it being in a Time of Peace, and the detain- 

* ing them confequently againft the Law of Na- 

* tions. Nocwithftanding your trifling Pretence 

* (for which you have no Foundation but to forge an 

* Excufe) to prevent my making any Enquiry in- 

* to the Truth of the Facls I have allcdged in my 

* former, I muft tell you my Refblutions are, to 

* flay on the Coail: till I have made Reprizals ; and 

* iliOLild I meet any Velfels belonging to your Port, 

* 1 ihall not treat them as the Subjects of the Crown 

The Introduction. 45 

^ ofSpairty but: as Pyrates, finding it a Part of your 
^ Religion in this Place to protect fuch \ illains. 
Off the River Trwi- Your humble Servant, 
ctadoj Feb. 8. 1720. Jofeph Laws. 

The Anfwer of one of the Alcaldes to Mr. Laws'x 

Captain LawSy 

C ^VT'O U may afTure your leK, I will never be 
X ^ wanting in the Duty o: my Poft, The 
Prifoners that are here are not in Prifbn, but 
only kept here to be lent to the Governor of the 
Havana : If you fas you fay) command at Sea, I 
command on Shoar : If you treat the Spaniards^ 
you Ihould happen to take^ as Pyrates, I will do 
the fame by every one of your People I cau 
take up : 1 will not be wanting to good Manners, 
if you will do the fame. I can likewife a6t the 
Soldier, if any Occafion Ihould offer that way, 
for I have very good People here for that purpofe. 
If you pretend any Thing elfe, you may execute 
it on this Coaft. God preferve you. 1 kifs your 
Trinidadoy Signed, 

Feb. 20.1720. Bennette Alfonfo del Menz^ano, 

The laft Advices we have received from our 
Plantatons in Amer'icay dated June 9th, ^724, 
gives us the following Account, <vi7L^ That Captain 
Jones in the Ship John and Mary^ on the '^th of the 
laid Month, met with, near the Capes of Viralnlay 
a Spanijl) Guard del Co.^fr, commanded by one Don 
BenitOy faid to be commiiHoned by the Governor 
o^ Cuba: She was manned with 60 Spaniards, t8 
French Men and 18 Fnglijl), and had ^n En^Ljh Cap- 
tain as Well as Spanifi, "one Richard Holland, who for- 
jnerly belonged to the Suplk Man of War, which 


44 The Intro DUCTiON. 

he deferted at Naples^ and took Shelter in a Con- 
vent. He lerved on Board the Spamflj Fleet under 
Admiral Cammochj in the War in the Mediterramm ; 
and after the CefTation of Arms with Spaw^ fettled 
with feveral of his Countrymen (/r/]^) in the Spanijl) 
Weft-Indies, This Guard del Coaft made Prize of 
Captain Jones''?^ Ship, and kept PoiTeffion of her 
from 5th to the Sth, during which Time ihe took 
alio the Vrudcnt Hannah of Boft&n^ Thomas Mou- 
fsH Mafter, and the Dolphin of Topfham^ Theodore 
Bare Mafter, both laden and bound for Vtrginia : 
The former they feiit away together with "three 
Men and the Mate, under the Command of a 
SpanijJj Officer and Crew, the fame Day fhe was 
taken ; the latter they carried off with them, put- 
ting the Mafter and all the Crew aboard Captain 
Jones'^s Ship. They plundered Captain Jones of 
thirty fix Men Slaves, fome Gold-Dufl, all his 
Cloaths, four great Guns and fmall Arms, and 
about four hundred Gallons of Rum, befides his 
Proviiions and Stores^ computed in all to 1 500 /. 




O F 

Captain AVERY, 

And his Crew. 

NOISIE of thefe bold Adventurers were 
ever fo much talked of, for a while, as 
Avtry •, he made as great a Noife in the 
World as Merweis does now, and was looked upon 
to be a Perfon of as great Confequence •, he was re- 
prefented in Europe^ as one that had raifed himfelf 
to the Dignity of a King, and was likely to be the 
Founder of a new Monarchy ^ having, as it was faid, 
taken immenfe Riches, and married the Great Mo- 
guCs Daughter, who was taken in an Indian Ship, 
which fell into his Hands •, and that he had by her 
many Children, living in great Royalty and State ; 
that he had built Forts, erected Magazines, and 
was Mafter of a ftout Squadron of Ships, mannM 
with able and defperate Fellows of all Nations; that 
he gave Commiilions out in his own Name to the 
Captains of his Ships, and to the Commanders of 
his Forts, and was acknowledged by them as their 
Prince. A Play was writ upon him, called, the 5z/c- 
cefsful Tyrate :, and, thefe Accounts obtained fuch 
Belief, that feveral Schemes were offered to the 
Council for fitting out a Squadron to take him ; 
while others were for offering him and his Ccmpa-« 
iiionsanAft of Grace, and inviting them to £7?^- 
landy with all their Tieafure, leaft his growing 


46 Of CaptaiJi AV ERT. 

Greatnefs might hinder the Trade of Eurofe to the 
Eaft' Indies, 

Yet all thefe were no more than falfe Rumours, 
improved by the Credulity of fome, and the Hu- 
mour of others who love to tellftrange Things ^ for, 
while it was faid, he was afpiring at a Crown, he 
wanted a Shilling •, and at the fame Time it was 
given out he was in Poflellion of fuch prodigious 
Wealth in Madagajcarj he was ftarving in England. 

No doubt, but the Reader will have a Cur'oflty 
of knowing v/hat became of this Man, and what 
were the true Grounds of fo many falfe Reports 
concerning him •, therefore, I ihall, in as brief a Man- 
ner as I can, give his Hiftory. 

He was born in the Weft of England near Tly- 
mouth in Bevonjlnrey being bred to the Sea, he 
lerved as a Mate of a Merchant-Man, in feveraf 
trading Voyages: It happened before the Peace of 
Eyfw'ciy when there was an Alliance betwixt Spain^ 
England, Holland, &c. againft France, that the French 
in Martinico, carried on a fmugling Trade with the 
Spaniards on the Continent of Teru, which by the 
Laws of Spain, is not allowed to Friends in Time 
of Peace, for none but native Spaniards are permit- 
ted to Tralhck in thofe Parts, or fet their Feet on 
Shore, unlefs at any Time they are brought as Prifo- 
ners •, wherefore they conftantly keep certain Ships 
cruifmg alo.ig the Coaft, whom they call Guarda del 
Cofla, who have the Orders to make Prizes of 
all bhips they can light of within five Leagues of 
Land. Now the French growing very bold in Trade, 
and the Spaniards being poorly provided with Ships, 
and thofe thev had being of no Force, it often fell 
out, that when they liiih: of the French Smuglers, 
they were not ftrong enou2;h to attack them, there- 
fore it was refolv'd in Spain, to hire two or three 
ftout foreign Ships for their Service, which being 
known at Brifiol^ fome Merchants of that City, 


Of Captahi Avert. 47 

fitted out two Ships of ::hirty odd Guns, and 120 
Hands each, wel\ ^urniihed wiih Provifion aud Am- 
jniinition, and ail ocher Stores ^ and the Hire being 
agreed for, by (bme Agents for Sfn'm^ they were 
coramandei to fail for Coruma or theCroiney there 
to receiv-^ their Orders, and to take on Board fome 
Sp^,f7/Jh Geitlemen, who were to go PalTangers to 

Of oi:e of thefe Ships, ^vhich I take to be calFd the 
Duke, Capt. C'lhfn Commander, ylveryw^s firft Mate, 
and being a Fellow of more C. inning than Courage, 
he infinuared himlelf into th ^ good Will of feveral 
of the boldeft "bellows on Board the other Ship, as 
well as thai which he was on Board of :^ having foun- 
ded their Inchnations before he opened himfelf, 
and finding them ripe for his Delign, he, at length, 
proposed to them, to run away with the Ship, 
telling them vvhat great WealtJi was to be had up- 
on the Coafts of J?jdia : It was 10 (boner faid than 
agreed to, and tliey reiblvpd to execute their Plot 
at Tf^n a Clock the Night following. 

li muft be obferv'd, the Captain was one of thofe 
who are mightily addi^ed to Punch, fo that he 
pa fled moft of his Time on Shore, in fome little 
drinking Ordinary ^ but this Day he did not go on 
Shore as ufual; however, this didnotfpoil the De- 
fign, for he took his ufual Dofe on Board, and f^Q 
got to Bed before the Hour appointed for the Bufi- 
ne(s : The Men alfo who were not privy to the De- 
iign^ turn'd into their Hammocks, leavino; none up- 
on Deck but the Confpirators, who, indeed, were 
the greateft Part of the Ship's Crew. At the Time 
agreed on, the JD2/?c^f/}'s Long-Boat appeared, which 
jii.'ery hailing in the ufual Manner, was anfwered by 
the Men in her, Is your drunken Boatfwain on Foard .<* 
Which was the Watch- Word agreed between them, 
and Avery replying in the Affirmative, the Boat 


48 Of Captain Af ERT. 

caiAe'aboard wirhfixteen flout Fellows^ and joined 
tte (company. 

'■^ Whenoi:r Gentry faw that all was clear, they 
fecured'the Hatches, fo went to work ^ they did 
notfl^'pthe Anchor, but weis^h'd it leifurely, and 
fo put to Sea without any Dilbrder or Confufion, 
tho' there were feveral Ships then lying in the Bay., 
and among them a Dutch Frigate of forty Guns, 
the Captain of which was offered a great Reward 
to go out after her • but Mynheer^ who perhaps 
would not have been willing to have been ferved fb 
himfelf, could not be prevail'd upon to give fuch 
Ufage to another, and fb let Mr. Avery purfue his 
Voyage, whither he had a Mind to. 

The Captain, who by this Time, was awaked, ei- 
ther by the Motion of the Ship, or the Noile of 
working the Tackles, rung the Bell \ Avery and 
two others went into the Cabin ; the Captain, half 
afleep, and in a kind of Fright, ask'd. What was 
the Matter ? Avery anfwered cooly. Nothing ^ the 
Captain replied, fomcthlng's the Adatter with the Shipy 
Does jl^e drive r' What Weather is it f Thinking 
nothing lefs then that it had been a Storm, and 
that the Ship was driven from her Anchors : No^ noy 
anfwered Avery ^ we" re at Sea^ with a fair Wwd and 
good Weather. At Sea ! fays the Captain, How can 
that he ? Comc^ fays Avery ^ don'^t he in a Fright y hut put 
t)n your Cloathsy and Hi let you into a Secret : ■ 
Toa muft hnowy that I am Captain cf this Ship noWy and 
this IS my Cahiny therefore you muf walk out ; / am 
hound to Madagafcar, with a Defign of making my 
cwn Fortune y and that of all the hrave Fellows joined 

with mS' 

The Captain having a little recovered his Senfes^ 
began to apprehend the meaning ; however, hi? 
FrTght was ?s great as before, which Avery per- 
ceiving, bad him fear nothing, tor, fays he, it you 


Of Captain Ar ERT. 49 

have a Mind to make one of us, we will receive you, 
and if you'll turn fbber, and mind your Buiinefs, 
perhaps in Time I may make you one of my Lieu- 
tenants, if not, here's a Boat a-long-fide, and you 
fhall be fet aihore. 

The Captain was glad to hear this, and therefore 
accepted of his Offer, and the whole Crew being 
called up, to know who was willing to go on Shore 
with the Captain, and who to feek their Fortunes 
with the reft ^ there were not above five or fix who 
were willing to quit this Enterprize *, wherefore 
they were put into the Boat with the Captain that 
Minute, and made their Way to the Shore as well 
as they could. 

They proceeded on their Voyage to Madagafcar^ 
but I do not find they took any Ships in their Way *, 
when they arrived at the N. E. Part of that Ifland, 
they found two Sloops at Anchor, who, upon teeing 
them, fllp'd their Cables and run themfelves afhore, 
the Men all landing, and running into the Woods ^ 
thefe were two Sloops which the Men had run away 
with from the Wefl-Indlesy and feeing Avery^ they 
fuppofed him to be fome Frigate fent to take them, 
and therefore not being of Force to engage him, 
they did what they could to fave themfelves* 

He gueffed where they were, and fent»fome of his 
Men on Shore to let them know they were Friends, 
and to offer they might join together for their com- 
mon Safety ^ the Sloops Men were well arm'd, and 
had pofted themfelves in a Wood, vv^ith Centinels 
juft on the out-fide, to obferve whether the Ship 
landed her Men to purfue them, and they obfer- 
ving only two or three Men to come towards them 
without Arms, did not oppofe them, but having 
challenged them, and they anfwering they wer* 
Friends, they lead them to their Body, where they 
delivered their Melfage •, at firff, they apprehen- 
ded it was a Stratagem to decoy them oa Board, 

D but 

so Of Captain AVE R T. 

but when the AmbaiTadors offered that the Captain 
himfelf, and as many of the Crew as they fliould 
name, would meet them on Shore without Arms, 
they believed them. to be in Earnefi, and they ibon 
entered into a Confidence with one another^ thofe 
on Board going on Shore, and iome of thofe on 
Shore going on Board. 

The Sloops Men were rejoiced at the new Ally, 
for their Veffels were io fm.all, that they could not 
attack ci Ship of any Force, fo that hitherto they 
had not taken any conli.lerable Prize, but now they 
hopM to fly at high- Game \ and jivery was as well 
pleafed at this Reinforcement, to Orengrhen them 
for any brave Enterprize, and tho' the Booty muft 
be leiiened to each, by being divided into fo many 
Shares, yet he found out an Expedient not to iiiffer 
by it himfelf, as fhall be iliewn in its Place. 

Having confulted what was to be done, they re- 
folved to fail out together upon a Cruize, the Gal- 
ley and two Sloops •, they therefore fell to work 
to get the Sloops olf, which they foon effeOred, and 
fleered towards the jirahUn Coaft ^ near the River 
Jndiis^ the Man at the Mali-Head fpied a Sail, upon 
which they gave Chace, and as they came nearer to 
her, they perceived her to be a tall Ship, and fancied 
fhe might be a Butch Eaft-Indla Man homeward 
bound*, but flie proved a better Prize ;, when they 
fired at her to bring too, Ihe hoifted Mogul's Colours, 
and feemed to fland upon her Defence ^ Avery only 
canonaded at a Di/lance, and fome of his Men 
began to fufpe<n: that lie was not the Hero they 
took him for : However, the Sloops made Ufe of 
their Time, and coming one on the Bow, and the 
other on the Quarter, of the Ship, clapt her on Board, 
and enterM her, upon which fhe immediately flruck 
her Colours and yielded ^ ilie was one of the Great 
Moguls own Ships, and there were in her feveral 
#f the greateft Perfons of his Court, among whom it 


Of Captain AV ERf. 51 

was ^id was one of his Daughters, who were going 
on a Pilgrimage to Mecca^ the Mahometans think- 
ing themfelves obliged once in their Lives to vific 
that Place, and they were carrying with diem 
rich Offefijigs to prefent at the Shrine of MdhomeL 
It is known that the Eaftera People travel with 
the utmoft Magnificence, ^0 that they had wiih 
them all their Slaves and Attendants, their rich 
Habits and Jewels, with VelTels of Gold and Silver, 
and great Sums of Money to defray the Charges 
of their journey by Land ^ wherefore the Plunder 
got by this Prize, is not eafily computed. 

Having taken all the Treafure on Board their 
own Ships, and plundered their Prize of every 
Thing elfe they either wanted or liked, they leC 
her go ^ fhe not being able to continue her Voyage,' 
returned back : As foon as the News came to the 
Mogul J and he knew that they were E'/^gltJIj who 
had robbed them, he threatened loud, and talked 
offending a mighty Army with Fire and Sword,- 
to extirpate the Englifh from all their Settlements 
on the Indian Coaft. The Eaji-India Company in 
England^ were very much alarmed at it •, however, 
by Degrees, they found Means to pacify him, by 
promiiing to do their Endeavours to take the Rob- 
bers, and deliver them into his Hands-, however^ 
the great Noife this Thing made in Europe^ as well 
as Jndiay v/as the Occafion of all thefe romanticfc 
Stories which were formed of Avery^s Greatnefs. 

In the mean Time our fuccefsful Plunderers a- 
greed to make thebeft of their Way back to A^a- 
dagajcar^ intending to make that Place their Maga- 
zine or Repofitory for all their Treafure, and to 
build a fmall Fortification there, and leave a few 
Hands always afhore to look after it, and de- 
fend it from any Attempts of the Natives •, but 
Avery put an End to this ProjeO:, and made it alto- 
gether unnecelTary. 

D 2 As 

52 Of Captain AVERT. 

As they were Steering their Courfe, as has been 
faid, he lends a Boat on Board of each of the Sloops, 
defiring the Chief of them to come on Board of 
him, in order to hold a Council ^ they did fb^ 
and he told them he had fbmething to propofe to 
them for the common Good, which was to provide 
againll: Accidents *, he bad them con fide r the Trea- 
fiire they were poiTefs'd of, would be fufhcient for 
them all if they could fecure it in fome Place on 
Shore-, therefore all they had to fear, was fome 
Misfortune in the Voyage •, he bad them confider 
the Conlequences of being feparated by bad Wea- 
ther, in which C^^e^ the Sloops, if either of them 
fliould fall in with any Ships of Force, muft be 
either taken or funk, and the Treafure on Board 
her loft to the reft, befides the common Accidents 
of the Sea •, as for his Part he was fb ftrong, he 
was able to make his Party good with any Ship 
they were like to meet in thofe Seas ^ that if he met 
with any Ship of fuch Strength, that he could 
not take her, he was fafe from being taken, being 
fo well mann'd •, befides his Ship was a quick Sailor, 
and could carry Sail, when the Sloops could nor, 
wherefore, he propofed to them, to put the Trea- 
fure on Board hjs Ship, to feal up each Cheft with 3 
Seals, whereof each was to keep one, and to appoint 
a Rendezvous, in Cafe of Separation. 

Upon confidering this Propofal, it appeared fb 
iealbnable to them, that they readily came into it, 
for they argued to themfelves, that an Accident 
might happen to one of the Sloops and the other 
eicape, wherefore it was for the common Good. 
The Thing was done as agreed to, the Treafure 
put o;i Board of Avery ^ and the Chefts feal'd ^ they 
kept Company that Day and the next, the Wea- 
ther being fair, in which Time Avery tampered 
with his Men, telling them they now had fufficienC 
to make them all eafy, and what Jhould hinder 


Of Captain AVERT. 55 

them from going to ^ome Country, where they 
were not known, and living on Shore all the reit of 
their Days in Plenty ; they underftood what he 
meant: And inlhort, they all agreed to bilk their 
new Allies, the Sloop's Men, nor do I find that any 
of them felt any Qualms of Honour rifing in his 
Stomach, to hinder them from confenting to this 
Piece of Treachery. In fine^ they took Advantage 
oftheDarknefs thatlSJight, fteer'd another Courfe, 
and, by Morning, loft Sight of them. 

I leave the Reader to judge, what Swearing and 
Confufion there was among the Sloop's Men, in 
the Morning, when they faw that Jvery had given 
them the sfip •, for they knew by the Fairnefs of 
the Weather, and the Courfe they had agreed to 
fteer, that it muft have been done on purpofe : But 
we leave them at prefent to follow Mr. Avery, 

Avery ^ and his Men, having confulted what to do 
with themfelves, came to a Refolution, to make the 
beft of their Wav towards America \ and none of them 
being known in thofe Parts, they intended to divide 
the Treafure, to change their Names, to go afhore, 
fome in one Place, fome in other, to purchafe Ibme 
Settlements, and live at Eafe. The firft Land they 
made, was the Ifland of Providence ^ then newly 
fettled •, here they ftaid fome Time, and having 
conlidered that when they ihould go to New-Eng- 
landy the Greatnefs of their Ship, would caufe much 
Enquiry about them ; and poflibly fome People 
from England^ who had heard the Story of a Ship's 
being run away with from the Groine^ might fuf. 
pe£l: them to be the People *, they therefore took a 
Refolution of difpofmg of their Ship at Trovidence '. 
Upon which, Avery pretending that the Ship being 
fitted out upon the privateering Account, and ha- 
ving had no Succefs, he had received Orders from 
the Owners, to difpofe of her t;o the beft Advan- 

D 3. ta|;e. 

54 P/ Captain AV ERr, 

tage, he foon met with a Purchafer, and immedi- 
ately bought a bloop. 

Ill this Sloop, he and his Companions embarqM, 
they touched at leveral Parts of America^ where no 
Feribn fufpe^led them ^ and Tome ot them went on 
Shore, and dilperfed themfeWes about the Country, 
having received fuch Dividends as Avery \yould give 
them \ for he corxealed the greateft Part of the Dia- 
monds from them, which in the firft Hurry of plun- 
(lerhig the Ship, they did r.ot much regard, as net 
knowing their Value. 

At length Yie c^me to Bo (ion ^ m Nevp- England^ and 
feemVi to have a Defire ct fettling in thofe Parts, 
and fbme ,of his Companions went on Shore there 
^Ifo, but he changed his Refolution, and propofed 
to the few of h's Companions who were left, to lail 
for IrcUrJj which they confented to : He found out 
that New-Er^gland was not a proper Place for him, 
becaufe a great deal of his Vvealth lay in Diamonds \ 
and fnould lie have produced them there, he would 
have certainly been feiz'd on Sufpicion ot Pyracy. 

In their Voyage to Ireland^ they avoided St, 
Oeor^e'^s Channel, and failing Korth about, they put 
iato'^o le of the Northern Ports of that Kingdom ; 
there they difpofed of their Sloop, and coming on 
Shore they feparated them.felves, fome going to Cork^ 
and fome to Duhlln^i^ oi whom obtain'd their Pardons 
afterwards of K. William, When Avery had remained 
IbmeTim.ein tliis Kingdom, he was afraid to offer his 
piamorids to file, leall: an Enquiry into his Manner 
of corning by them ilrould occafion a Difcovery ; 
therefore coufideiing with himfelf what was beft 
to be done, lie fancied there were fome Perfgns at 
Brlflol, whom he might venture to truft •, upon 
which, be refolved to pafs over into£;7^to^; he 
did ib^ and going into Dcvonjlnre^ he fent to one oi 
vhefe^Friends co meet him at a Town cal]ed Biddi- 

ford % 

Of Captain Av E-RT. 55 

ford'^ when he had communicated himielf to his 
Friends, and confuited with him about the Means 
of his EffeOrs, they agreed, that the Hifeft Method 
would be, to put them in the Hands of fome Mer- 
chants, who being Men of Wealth and Credit in 
the World, no Enquiry would be made how they 
came by them • this Friend telling him he was very 
intimate with (bme who were very fit for x\iQ Pur- 
pofe, and if he would but allow them a good Com- 
miilion would do the Bufinefs very faithfully. 
Avery liked the Propofal, for he found no other 
Way of managing his Affairs, flnce he could not 
appear in them himielf •, therefore his Friend go- 
ing back to Br'i\iol^ and opening x\\^ Matter to the 
Merchants, they made Ave-ry a Vifit at Biddlford^ 
where, after fome Proteftations of Honour and Inte- 
gr'ty, he delivered them his Effe£l:s, confifJring of 
Diamonds and fome YelTels of Gold \ they gave 
him a little Money for his prefent Subfiftance, and 
fo they parted. 

He changed his Name and lived at Biddifordy 
without making any Figure, and therefore there 
was no great Notice taken of him •, yet let one 
or two of his Relations know where he was, who 
came to fee him. In fome Time his little Money 
was fpent, yet he heard nothing from his Mer- 
chants ; he writ to them often, and after much Im- 
portunity they fent him a fmall Supply, but fcarce 
fuihcient to pay his Debts : In fine, the Supplies 
they fent him from Time to Tim.e, were fo fmall, 
that they were not fufficient to give him Bread, 
nor could he get that little, without a i^reat deal 
of Trouble and Importunity, wherefore being 
weary of his Life, he went privately to Briftol^ to 
fpenkto the Merchants hnnfelf, where inftead of 
Money he met a molt fhocking Repulfe, for when 
he defired them to come to an Account with Jiim, 
they filenced him by threatening to difcover him, 

D 4 ^^ 

55 Of Captain Av Enr. 

{6 that our Merchants were as good Pyrates at 
Lard as he was at Sea. 

Whether he was frightened by thefe Menaces, 
or had feen feme Body elie he thought knew him, 
is not known*, but he went immediately over to 
Jrelandy and from thence folHcited his Merchants 
very hard for a Supply, but to no Purpofe, for he 
was even reduced to beggary : In this Extremity 
he was refolved to return and caft himfelf upon 
them, let the Confequence be what it would. He 
put himfelf on Board a trading VefTel, and work'd 
his PaiTage over to Plymouth^ from whence he tra- 
velled on Foot to Biddifordy where he had been but 
a few Days before he fell fick and died; not being 
worth as much as would buy him a Coffin. 

Thus have I given all that could be colleO:ed 
of any Certainty concerning this Man *, rejeding 
the idle Stories which were made of his fantaftick 
Greatnefs, by which it appears, that his Anions 
were more inconfiderable than thofe of other Py- 
rates, fince him, though he made more Noife in 
the World. 

I^cw we ihall turn back and give our Readers 
fome Account of what became ot the two Sloops. 

We took Notice of the Rage and Confufion, 
which muft haveleized them, upon their miffing 
of yivery ; however, they continued their Courfe, 
fome of them ftill flattering themfelves that he 
had only out failed them in the Night, and that 
they {hould find him at tjie Place of Rendezvous: 
But when they came there, and could hear no Ty- 
dings of him, there was an End of Hope. It was 
Time to confider what they fhould do with them- 
felves, their Stock of Sea Provifion was almoft fpent, 
and tho' there was Rice and Fifli, and Fowl to 
be had afhore, yet thele would not keep for Sea, 
without being properly cured with Salt, whicli 
they had no Conveniency pf doing j therefore^ 


Of Captahi Avery. 57 

fmce they could ti<k go a Cruizing any more, it 
was Time to thi' k of eftablifhing themfelves at 
Land ^ to which Purpofe they took all Things out 
of the Sloops, made Tents of the Sails, and encam-^ 
ped themlelves, having a large Quantity of Ammu- 
nition, and abundpnce of Imall Arms. 

Here they met with feveral of their Countrymen, 
the Crew of a Privateer Sloop which was comman- 
ded by Captain Thcmas Tew^ and fmce it will be 
but a fhort DigreiTion, we will give an Account 
how they came here. 

Captain George Dew and Captain Thomas Tew^ ha- 
ving received Commiffions from the then Gover- 
nor of Bermudas, to fail diredly for the River Gam- 
bia in Africa -^ there, with the Advice and Ailifl- 
ance of the Agents of the Royal African Company, 
to attempt the taking the trench FaOiory at Goorie^ 
Jying upon that Coaft. In a few Days after they 
failed out, Dew in a violent Storm, not only fprung 
his Maft, but loft Sight ot his Confort^ Dcxo there- 
fore returned back to refit, and Tevo inftead of pro- 
ceeding on his Voyage, made lor the Ca\)e of Good 
Hofe^ and doubling the laid Cape, fhaped his Courfe 
for the Strr^its of Babel Mandel^ being the Entrance 
into the ^f/^ 5f^. Here he came up with a large 
Ship, richly laden, bound from the Indies to Ara- 
hia^ with three hundred Soldiers on Board, befides 
Seamen •, yet Tin? had the Hardinefs to board 
her, and foon carried her •, and, 'tis fln'd, by this 
Prize, his Men Shared near three thoufand Pounds 
a Piece : They had Intelligence from the Prifoners, 
of ftve other rich Ships to pafs that Way, which 
Tftp would have attacked, tho' they were very 
ftronu;, if he had not been over-ruled by the Quar- 
ter-Mafter and others. This differing in Opi- 
nion created fome ill Blood amongft them, fo that 
they refolved to break up py rating, and no Place 
yas fo fit to receive them as Madaga[car'^\i\i\\^x they 


58 Of Captain Av E HT. 

fteered, relblving to live on Shore and enjoy what 

they got. 

As for Tew himfelf, he with a few others in a 
iliort Time went oil to Rhode JJland^ fiom whence 
he made his Peace. 

Thus have we accounted for the Company our 
Fyrates met with here. 

It mufi: be obferved that the Natives of Madagaf- 
car are a kind of Negroes, they differ from thofe 
of Guiney in their Hair, which is long, and their 
Complexion is not fo good a jet •, they have innu- 
merable little Princes among them, who are con- 
tinually making War upon one another ; their Pri- 
foners are their Slaves, and they either fell them, 
or put them to death, as they pleafe : When our 
Fyrates firfl: fettled amongfl: them, their Alliance 
>vas much courted by thefe Princes, fo they fcme- joined one, fometimes another, but wherelb- 
ever they iioiedj they were fure to be ViO:orious -^ 
for the Negroes here had no Fire-Arms, nor did 
they underftand their Ufe • fb that at length thefe 
Fyrates became fo terrible to the Negroes, that i-f 
two or or three of them were only leen on one Side, 
when they were going to engage, the oppofite Side 
would fly without ft r iking a Blow. 

By thefe Means they not only became feared, 
but powerful^ all the Prifoners of War, they took 
to be their Slaves ^ they married the mofl beautiful 
of the Negroe Women^not one or two, but as many 
as they liked; fb that every one of them had as 
great a Seraglio as the Gr?.nd Seignior at Conftami- 
nople : Their Slaves they employed in planting Rice, 
in Fifhing Hunting, &c, befides which, they had 
abundance of others, who lived, as it were, under 
their Proteftion, and to be fecure from the Diftur- 
bances or Attacks of their powerful Neighbours^ 
thefe feemed to pay them a willing Homnge. Now 
they began to divide from one ajiother, each' living 


Of Captain AVERT. 59 

with his own Wives, Slaves and Dependnnts, like 
a fep'irr^te Prince :, and as Power ard Plenty na- 
turally beget ConteiitioDj they fometinies quarrel- 
led with one another, and accacked each other at 
t]\Q Head of their feveral Armies ; ^and in thefe 
civil Wars, many of them were killed*, but an Ac- 
cident happened, which obliged them to unite 
again for their common Sclfety. 

It muft be obferved that thefe fudden^great Men, 
had uled their Power like Tyrants, for they grew 
wanton in Cruelty, and nothing was more com- 
mo 1, than upon the flighteft Difpleafure, to caufe 
one of their Dependants to be tied to a Tree and 
ihot thro' the Heart, let the Crime be what it 
would, whether little or great, this was always 
the Punifhment:, wherefore the Negroes con (pi- 
red together, to rid them felves of thefe. Deftroyers, 
all iii one Night *, and as they now lived feparate, 
the Thing might eafily have been done, had not a 
Woman, who had been Wife or Concubine to one 
of them, run near twenty Miles in three Hours, 
to difcover the Matter to them : Immediately upon 
the Alarm they ran together as faft as they coiild^ 
lo thit when the Negroes approached them, thev 
found them all up in Arms \ wherefore they retired 
without making any Attempt. 

This Efcape made them very cautious from than 
Time, and it will be worth while to defcribe the 
Policy of thefe brutifh Fellows, and to ihew what 
Meafures they took to (ecure themfelves. 

They found that the Fear of their Power could not 
fecure them againfi: a Surprize, and the braveli Man 
may be kill'd when he is afleep, by one much his infe- 
rior in Courage and Strength, therefore, as their 
firft Security, they did all they could to foment 
War betwixt the neighbouring Negroes, remaiiiing 
Neuter themfelves, by wliich Means, thofe who 
were overcome conftautly iied to them for Pro- 
tect ion. 

6o Of Captain Av E RT. 

tefliion, othervviTe they iriufl: be either killed or 
lYiade Slaves. They ftrengthei.ed their Party, ar.d 
tied Ibirtfe to them by Intereft ^ when there was no 
War, they contrived to fpirit up private Quar- 
rels among them, and upon every little Diipute 
or Mifunderftanding, pulh on one Side or other to 
Revenge; InfiruCb them how to attack or furprize 
their Adverfaries, and lend them loaded Piftols or 
Firelocks tx> difpatch them with •, the Confequence 
of which was, that the Murderer was forced to 
Hy to them for the fafety of his Life, with his 
Wives, Children and Kindred. 

Such as thefe were faft Friends, as their Lives 
depended upon the fafety of his Protestors ; for as 
we obferved before, our Py rates were grown fo 
terrible, that none of their Neighbours had Refo- 
Jution enough to attack them in an open War. 

By fuch Arts as thefe, in the Space of a few 
Years, their Body was greatly increafed, they then 
began to feparate themfelves, and remove at a 
greater Diftance from one another, for the Conve- 
nience of more Ground, and were divided like Jews, 
into Tribes, each carrying with him his Wives and 
Children, (of which, by this Time they had a krge 
Family,) as alfb their Quota of Dependants and 
Followers;, and if Power and Command be the 
Thing which diftinguifh a Prince, thefe Ruifians 
had all the Marks of Royalty about them, nay more, 
they had the very Fears which commonly difturb 
Tyrants, as may be feen by the cxtream Caution 
they took in fortifying the Places where they 

In this Plan of Fortification they imitated one 
another, their Dwellings were rather Citadels than 
Koufes*, they made Choice of a Place overgrown 
with Wood, and fcituate near a Water ^ they rai- 
fed a Rampart or high Ditch round it, lb ftrait and 
hig^h, that it was impoffible to climb it, and efpe- 


Of Captain AVE RT. 6i 

cially by thofe who had not the Ufe of fcaVing Lad- 
ders : Over this Ditch thire was one Pailage into 
the Wood *, the Dwelling, which was a Hut, was 
built in that Part of the Wood which the Prince, 
who inhabited it, thought fit, but fo covered that 
it could not be feen till you came at it ; but the 
greateft Cunning lay in the Paffage which lead to 
the Hut, which was fo narrow, that no more than 
one Perfon could go a Breaft, and contrived in io 
iatricate a Manner, that it was a perfect Maze or 
Labyrinth, it being round and round, with feveral 
little crofs Ways, (b that a Perlbn that was not 
well acquainted with the Way, might walk feveral 
Hours round and crofs thefe Ways without being 
able to find the Hut *, moreover all along the Sides 
of thefe narrow Paths, certain large Thorns which 
grew upon a Tree in that Country, were ilrucfc 
into the Ground with their Points uppermoft, aad 
the Path it felf being made crooked and Terpentine, 
if a Man fhould attempt to come near the Hut at 
Kight, he would certainly have ftruck upon thefe 
Thorns, tho' he had been provided with that Clue 
which Ariadne gave to Thefeus when he entered th^ 
Cave of the Mlnataur, 

Thus Tyrant like they lived, fearing and feared 
by all •, and in this Scituation they were found by 
Captain Woods Rogers^ when he went to Madagafcary 
in the DelkUy a Ship of forty Guns, with a Defign 
of buying Slaves in order to fell to the Dutch at 
BatavUor New-Holiand". He happened to touch up- 
on a Part of the Ifland, where no Ship had been 
feen for feven or eight Years before, where he met 
with fome of the Py rates, at which Time^ they 
had been upon the Ifland above 25 Years, having 
a large motly Generation of Children and Grand- 
Children defcended from them, there being about 
that Time^ eleven of them remaining alive. 


62 Of Captain Av E R Y. 

Upon their firft feeing a Ship of this Force and 
Burthen, they fuppofed it to be a Man of War 
lent to take them :, they therefore lurked with^'n 
their Faftnelfes, but when fome from the Ship came - 
on Shore, without any ihew ot Hoftiiity, and offer- 
ing to trade with the Negroes, they ventured to 
come out of their Holes, attended like Princes *, 
and fmce they a£tually are Kings Be FdEho^ which 
is a kind of a Right, we ought to fpeak of them 
as fuch. 

• Having been fo many Years upon this Ifland, 
it may be imagined, their Cloaths had long been 
worn out, fo that their Majeflies were extreamly 
out at the Elbows •, I cannot fay they were ragged, 
fince they had no Cloaths, they had nothing to 
cover them but the Skins of Beafts without any 
tanning, but with all the Hair on, nor a Shoe nor 
Stocking, fo they looked like the Pidures of Her- 
cules in the Lion's Skin :, and being overgrown with 
Beard, and Hair upon their Bod-'es, they appeared 
the mofl favage Figures that a Man's imagination 
can frame. 

However, they foon got riggM, for they fold 
great Numbers of thofe poor People under them, 
for Cloaths, Knives, Saws, Powder and Ball, and 
many other Things, and became fo familiar that 
they went aboard the DellcU, and were obferved 
to be very curious, examining the infide of the 
Ship, and very familiar with the Men, inviting them 
afhore. Their Defign in doing. this, as they after- 
wards c^nfeiled, was to try if it was not prafti- 
cable to furprize the Ship in the Night, which 
they judiied very eafy, in cafe there was but a 
flender Watch kept on Board, they having Boats 
and Men enough at Command, but it feems the 
Captain was aware of them, and kept fo fi:rong a 
Watch upon Deck, that they found it was in vain 
to make any Attempt •, wherefore, when fome of 


Of Captain AVEEY. 65 

the Men went aihore, they were for inveigling them, 
and drawing them into a ?lot^ for ieizing the Cap- 
tain and fecuring the reft ot the Men under Hat- 
ches, when they ihould have the Night- Watch, 
promifmg a Signal to come on Board to join them •, 
propofing, if rhey fiicceeded, to go a Pyrating to- 
gether, not doubting but with that Ship they 
ihould be able to take any Thing they met on the 
Sea : But the Captain obferving an Intimacy grow- 
ing betwixt them and fonie of his Men, thought 
it could be for no good, he therefore broke it oil 
in Time, not fuffering them fo much as to talk to- 
gether •, and- when he font a Boat on Shore with an 
Officer to treat with them about the Sale of Slaves, 
the Crew remained on Board the Boat, and no Man 
was fuffered to talk with them, but the Peribn de- 
puted by him for that Purpole. 

Before he fiiled away, and they found that no- 
thing was to be done, they confelTed all the Defigns 
they had formed againft him. Thus he left them 
as he found them, in a great deal of dirty State 
and Royalty, but with fewer Subje^s than they 
had, having, as we obferved, fold many of them ^ 
and if Ambition be the darling PalTion of Men, no 
doubt they were happy. One of thefe great Prin- 
ces had formerly been a Waterman upon the 
TTjamesy where having committed a Murder, he fled 
to the Weft-Indies^ and was of the Number of thofe 
who runaway with the Sloops^ the reft had been 
all foremaft Men, nor was there a Man amongfl 
them, vvrho could either read or write, and yet 
their Secretaries of State had no more Learning 
than themfelves. This is all the Account we can 
give of thefe Kings of Aladag.^fca-r^ ibme of whom 
it is probable are reigning to1:his Day. 



G H A R II. 

O F 

Captain MART EL, 

And his C R E w. 

Tf Come now to the Py rates that have rofe fiace 
i the Peace of Vtrecht \ in War Time there is no 
JL room for any, becaufe all thofe of a roving 
advent'rous Difpofition find Employment in Pri- 
vateers, fo there is no Opportunity for Py rates ^ 
like our Mobs in London^ when they come to any 
Height, our Superiors order out the Train Bands, 
and when once they are raifed, the others are fup- 
prefledof Courfe-, I take the Reafon of it to be, 
that the Mob go into the tame Army, and immedi- 
ately fi^om notorious Breakers of the Peace, be- 
come, by being put into order, folemn Prefer- 
vers of it. And fhculd our Legislators put fome 
of the Py rates into Authority, it would not only 
lelTen their Number, but, 1 imagine-^ fet them upon 
the reft, and they would be the likelieft People to 
find them out, according to the Proverb, fet a Thief 
to catch a Thief. 

To bring this about, there needs no other Encou- 
ragement, but to give all the Effeds taken aboard a 
Pyrate Yelfel to the Captors •, for in Cafe of Plunder 
and Gain, they like it as well from Friends, as Ene- 
mies, but are nOt fond, as Things are carry 'd, of ruin" 
ino poor Feiiowes^ Hiy the Crcoleans^ with np Advantage to 
t'hemfehef. The 

Of Captain Maj^T EL. 6$ 

The Multitude of Men and VefTels, employ 'd 
this Way, in Time of War, in the Wefl- Indies^ is aiiO- 
ther Reafon, for the Number of Py rates in a Time 
of Peace : This cannot be fuppofed to be a Re- 
flexion on '2Luy o^ o\it American Governments, much 
lefs on the King himfelf, by whofe Authority fuch 
Commiffions are granted, becaufe of the Reafona- 
blenefs, and abfolute Neceflity, there is for the 
doing of it ^ yet the Obfervation is juft, for fo many- 
idle People employing themfelves in Privateers, for 
the fake of Plunder and Riches, which they al- 
ways fpend as faft as they get, that when the War 
is over, and they can have no farther Bufinefs 
in the Way of Lite they have been ufed to, the/ 
too readily engage in A£ts of Pyracy^ which being 
but the fame Praftice without a Commiiiion, the/ 
make very little Diftindion betwixt the Law- 
fuinefs of one, and the Unlaw fulnefs of the 

I have not enquired fb far back, as to know the 
Original of this Rover, but 1 believe he and his 
Gang, were fbme Privateer's Men belonging to the 
Ifland of Jamaica^ in the preceeding War ^ his Story 
is but fhort, for his Reign was fo-, an End ha- 
ving been put to his Adventures in good Time, 
when he was growing ftrong and formidable. We 
find him Commander of a Pyrate Sloop of eight 
Guns, and 80 Men, in the Month o^ September ^ 1716", 
cruifing off 'Jamaica^ Cuba^ &c. about which Time 
he took the Berkley Galley, Captain Saunders, and 
plundered him of icool. in Money, and after- 
wards met with a Sloop call'd the Kh^ Solomon, from 
whom he took fome Money, and Provifions, beiides 
Goods, to a good Value. 

They proceeded after this to the Port of Ct^^;?^, at 
the Ifland of G^^^,and in their W^ay took two Sloops, 
which they plundered, and let go; and off the 
Port fell in with a fine Galley, with 20 Gun?, 

E calfd 

66 Of Captain MART EL. 

call'd the "John and Martha^ Captain Wilfon^ which 
they attacked under the pyratical Black-Flag, 
and made themfelves Mafters of her. They put 
fome of the Men afhore, and others they detain'd, 
as they had done feveral Times, to encreale their 
Company ^ buc Captain Martcl^ charged Captain 
Wilfon^ to advife his Owners, that their Ship would 
anfwer his Purpole exadly, by taking one Deck 
down, aid as for the Cargo, which conlifted chiefly 
of Logwood and Sugar, he would take Care it 
ihould be carry'd to a good Market. 

Having fitted up the aforefaid Ship, as they de- 
fign'd, they mounted her with 22 Guns, 100 Men, 
and lefc 25 Hands in the Sloop, and fo proceeded 
to Cruize off the Leeward lllands, where they met 
with but too much Succefs. After the taking of 
a Sloop and a Brigantine, they gave Chafe to a 
flout Ship, which they came up with, and, at Sight 
of the Py rate's Flag, fhe flruck to the Robbers, 
being a Ship of 20 Guns, call'd the Dolphin, bound 
tor Newfou'fjdland, Captain Martel made the Men 
Prifbners, and carry'd the Ship with him. 

The middle of December the Py rates took ano- 
ther Galley in her Voyage home from "Jamalcaj call'd 
the Kent, Captain Lawton^ and fhifted her Provi- 
lions aboard their own Ship, and let her go, which 
obliged her to Sail back to Jamaica for a Supply for 
her Voyage. After this they met with a fmall Ship 
and a Sloop, belonging to Barhadoes, out of both 
they took Provifions, and then parted with them, 
having firfi; takea out Ibme of their Hands, who 
were willing to be forced to go along with them. 
The Greyhound Galley of London, Captain Evans, from 
Guiney to Jamaica, was the next that had the Mis- 
fortune to fall in their Way, which they did not 
detain long, for as fbon as they could get out all her 
Gold Dufl, Elephant's Teeth, and 40 Slaves, they 
feat her onwards upon her Voyage. 


Of Captain MarTEU €f 

They corxladed now, that 'twas high Time to 
get into Harbout and refit, as well as to get Re- 
frefhments themfelves, and wait an Opportunity 
to dilpofe of their Cargo •, therefore 'twas refol- 
ved to make the beft of their Way to Santa Cmxj 
a fmall Ifland in the Lattitude of i8, 30, N. ten 
Mile long, and two broad, lying South-Eaft of 
Torto Rico, belonging to the French Settlements. 
Here they thought they might lye privately enough 
for fdme Time, and fit themfelves for further Mif- 
chief. They met with a Sloop by the Way, which 
they took along with them, and in the Beginning 
of the Year 1715-17, they arrived at their Port, 
having a Ship or 20 Guns, a Sloop of eight, and 
three Prizes, vlz,> another Ship of 20 Guns, a Sloop 
of four Guns, and another Sloop laft taken ; with 
this little Fleet, they got into a fmall Harbour, or 
Road, the N. W. Part of the Ifland^ and warp'd 
tip two Creeks, which were made by a lictle Ifland 
lying within the Bay ^ (I am the more particular 
now, becaufe I Ihall take Leave of the Gentlemen, 
fit this Place.) They had here bare 16 Foot Water, 
at the deepeft, and but 13 or 14, at the Hial low- 
eft, and nothing but Rocks and Sands without, 
which fecured them from Wind and Sea, and 
likewise froin any confiderable Force coming a- 
gainft them. 

When they had all got in, the firft Thing they 
had to do, was to Guard themfelves in the beft 
Manner they could *, they made a Battery of four 
Guns upon the Ifland, and another Battery of two 
Guns on the NorthPoint of the Road, and wafp'd 
in one of ^ tjhe Sloops with eight Guns, at the Mouth 
of the Channel, to hinder any VelTels from coming 
in •, when this was done they went to Work on 
their Ship, unrigging, and unloading, in order to 
Clean, where I fiiall leave theni a while, till I bring 
^cher Company to 'em. 
■ " JL^ in 

£8 Of Captain MART EL. 

In the Month o^ November ^ 1715, General Ha-- 
rnilton^ Commander in chief of all the Leeward Car^ 
ribee Iptnds^ fent a Sloop Exprefs to Captain Hume^ 
at Barbadoesy Commander of his Majefty's Ship, 
Scarborough,, of 30 Guns, and 140 Men, to acquaint 
him, that two Pyrate Sloops of 12 Guns each, 
molefted the Colonies, having plundered feveral 
Veffels. The Scarborough had bury'd twenty Men, 
and had near forty Sick, and therefore was but in 
ill State to go to Sea : However, Captain //z^we 
left his fick Men behind, aiid failed to the other 
Iflands, for a fupply of Men, taking 20 Soldiers 
from Antegoa ^ at Nevis^ he took 10, and 10 at 
St. Chrlftophers, and then failed to the IHand of ^^7- 
gullla, where he learned, that fome Time before, 
2 fuch Sloops had been at Spamjlj-Town, other wife 
called, one of the Firgifi lllands : Accordingly, the 
next Day, the Scarborough came to Spamjh'Town^ but 
could hear no News of the Sloops, only, that they 
had been there about Chrifimas^ (it being then the 
1 5 th of January.) 

Captain Hume^ finding no Account could be had of 
thefe Py rates, defigned to go back, the next Day, 
to Barbadoes ^ but, it happened, that Night, that 
a Boat anchored there from Santa Crux, and infor- 
med him, that he faw a Pyrate Ship of 22 or 24 
Guns, with other VefTels, going in to the North 
VVef^ Part of tlie Ifland aforefaid. The Scarborough 
weigh'd immediately, and the next Morning came 
in Sight of the Rovers, and their Prizes, and flood 
to them, but the Pilo: refufed to venture in with 
the Ship ^ all the while the Py rates fir'd red hot 
Bullets from the Shore. At length, the Ship came 
to an Anchor, along Side the Reef, near the Chan- 
nel, and cannonaded for feveral Hours, both the 
Velfels and Batteries : About four in the After- 
noon, the Sloop that guarded the Channel, was 
funk by the Shot of the Man of War *, then fhe 


Of Captain Martel. 69 

cannonaded the Pyrate Ship of 22 Guns, that lay- 
behind thelfland. The next Night, 'y/z.. the i8th, 
it falling Calm, Captain Hume weigh'd, fearing he 
might fall on the Reef, and fo ftood off and oa for 
a Day or two, to block them up. On the 20th, 
in the Evening, they obferved the Man of War to 
ftand off to Sea, and took the Opportunity to 
warp out, in order to flip away from the Ifland ^ 
but at Twelve o'Clock they run a-ground, and 
then feeing the Scarborough about, ftanding in again, 
as their Cafe was defperate, fo they were put into 
the utmoft Confufion ^ they quitted their Ship, and 
fet her on Fire, with 20 Negroes in her, who 
were all burnt ^ 1 9 of the Pyrates made their 
Efcape in a fmall Sloop, but the Captain and the 
relt, with 20 Negroes, betook to the Wood?, 
where 'twas probable they might ftarve, for we 
never heard what became of 'em afterwards : Cap- 
tain Hume releafed the Prifoners, with the Ship and 
Sloop that remained, and then went after the two 
Pyrate Sloops firft mentioned. 

E 3 CHAP. 



O F 

Captain TEACH, 

alias Black-beard. 

JDwardTeach was a J?r//?<?/ Man born, but' had 
failed fome Time out of Jar?.:alca in Priva- 
teers, in the late Fre-rjch War ^ yet tho' he 
liad often difiinguiihed himfelf for his uncommon 
Boldnefs and perfonal Courage, he was never raifecj 
to any Command, till he went a-pyrating, which 
I think was at the latt^T F ■ -d of the Year 17 15, 
when Captain Benj^miri Hi \<'i^ put him into a 
Sloop that he had made Prize of, and with whom 
he contiuned inConfortfliip till a little while before 
Hornigold furrendered. 

In the Spring of the Year 1717, 'teach and Hor- 
Tilgold failed from TroviJence, for the Main of^mericdy 
and took in their Vv^j\y a Billop from the Havana^ 
with 120 Barrels of Fipwer, as alfb a Sloop from 
Bermuda^ Thurhjir Mafler, from whom they took only 
fome Gallons of Wine, and then let him go ; and 
a Ship from Madera to South-Carolina^ out of which 
they got Plunder to a conhderable Value. 

After cleaning on the Coaft of Virginia^ they re- 
turned to the IVefi-JfjdifSy and in the Latitude of 
24, made Prize of* a large Frcfjch Guiney Man, 



(yj/acJi//ra/r/ //u' J^//rf/::e^ . 

Of Black-Beard. yi 

bound to Martinko^ which by HomigoWs Confent, 
TcAch went aboard of as Captain, and took a Cruize 
in her \ Hornigold returned with his Sloop to Provi- 
dence, where, at the Arrival of Captain Rogers, the 
Governor, he lurrendered to Mercy, purfuant to 
the King's Proclamation. 

Aboard of this Guiney Man Teach mounted 40 
Guns, and named her the Queen Ann's Revenge ^ and 
cruifmg near the Ifland of St, Vincent, took a large 
Ship, called the Great Allen, Chriftopher Taylor Com- 
mander J the Pyrates plundered her of what they 
though fit, put all the Men aihore upon the IHand 
above mentioned, and then fet Fire to the Ship. 

A few Days after. Teach fell in with the Scar- 
borough Man of War, of 30 Guns, who engaged 
him for fome Hours*, but Ihe finding the Pyrate 
well mann'd, and having tried her ftrength, gave 
over the Engagement, and returned to Barbadoes, 
the Place of her Station^ ;ind'Teach failed towards 
the Spanijl) America. 

In his Way he met with a Pyrate Sloop of ten 
Guns, commanded by one Major Bonnet, lately a 
Gentleman of good Reputation and Eftate in the 
Ifland of Barbadoes, whom he joyned ^ but in a few 
Days after, Tf^fi?, finding that Bo?7net knew nothing 
of a maritime Life, with the Confen!: of his own 
Men, put in another Captain, one Richards, to 
Command Bonnet's Sloop, and took the Major on 
aboard his own Ship, telling him, that as he had not 
been ufed to the Fatigues and Care of fuch a Pofi, it would 
he better for him to decline it, and live eafy and at his Vlea- 
fure, in fuch a Ship as his, where he pjould ?iot be obliged to 
ferform Duty, but follow his own Inclinations. 

At Turmjf, ten Leagues fliort of the Bay of Hon- 
duras, the Pyrates took in frefh Water, and while 
they were at an Anchor there, they law a Sloop 
coming in, whereupon, Richards in the Sloop called 
the Revenge^ flipped his Cable, and run out to meet 

E 4 her. 

73 Of Black-Beard. 

her ', who upon feeing the black Flag hoifted, 
ilruck his Sail and came to, under the Stern of 
Teach the Comniadore. She was called the Ad'oenturCy 
from Jamaica^ David Harriot Mafter. They took 
him and his Men aboard the great Ship, and fent 
a Kumber of other Hands with Ifrael Hands^ Ma- 
fler of Teach' s Ship, to Man the Sloop for the pyra- 
tical Account. 

The pth of Jprll^ they weighed from Turmff^ 

having lain there about a Week, and failed to the 

Bay, where they found a Ship and four Sloops, 

three of the latter belonged to Jonathan Bernard^ of 

Jamaica) and the other to Captain James *, the Ship 

w^s of Bo ft on y called the Trot eft- ant Cafar, Captain 

Wyar Commander. Teach hoifted his Black Colours, 

and fi'^ed a Gun, upon which Captain Wyar and all 

his Men, left their Ship, and got afhore in their 

Boat. Teach's Quarter-Mafter, and eight of his 

Crew, took Pofleflion of Wyar's Ship, and Richards 

fecured all the Sloops, one of which they burnt 

out of' fpight to the Owner •, the Troteftant Cc- 

far they alfo burnt, after they had plundered 

her, becaufe flie belonged to Bofton^ where fome 

Men had been hanged for Pyracy ^ and the three 

Sloops belonging to Bernard they let go. 

From hence the Rovers failed to Turhlly and then 
to the Grand Calmanes, a fmall Ifland about thirty 
Leagues to the Weftward of Jamaica, where they 
took a fmall Turtler, and fo to the Havana, and 
from thence to the Bahama Wrecks, and from the 
Bahama Wrecks, they failed to Carolina^ taking a 
Brigantine and two Sloops in their Way, ivhere 
they lay off the Bar of Charles-Town for five or fix 
Days. They took here a Ship as flie was coming 
out, bound for London, commanded by Robert Clarh, 
with fome Paffenger3 on Board for England; the 
next Day they took another Veffel coming out of 
Charles-'towrfy and alfo two Pinks coming into Charles^ 

Town I 

Of Black-Beard. 75 

Town J likev/ife a Brigantine with 14 Negroes a- 
board ^ all which being done in the Face of the 
Town, ftruck a great Terror to the whole Pro- 
vince of Carolina^ having juft before been viliced 
by Fane^ another notorious Pyrate , that they 
abandoned themfelves to Difpair, being in no 
Condition to refift their Force. They were 
eight Sail in the Harbour, ready for the Sea, 
but none dared to venture out, it being almoft 
impoflible to efcape their Hands. The inward 
bound VefTels were under the fame u ihappy Di- 
lemma, fo that the Trade of this Place was to- 
tally interrupted: What made thefe Misfortunes 
heavier to them, was a long expenfive War, the 
Colony had had with the Natives, which was but 
juft ended when thefe Robbers infefted them. 

Teach detained all the Ships and Prifoners, 
and, being in want of Medicines, refolves to de- 
mand a Cheft from the Government of the Pro- 
vince-, accordingly Richards, the Captain of the Re- 
venge Sloop, with two or three more Pv rates, were 
fent up along with Mr. Marh^ one of the Prifoners, 
whom they had taken in Clark's Ship, and very in- 
folently made their Demands, threatning, that if 
they did not fend immediately the Cheft of Medi- 
cines, and let the Pyrate-Amballadors return, 
without offering any Violence to their Perfons, 
they would murder all their Prifoners, fend up 
their Heads to the Governor, and fet the Ships 
they had taken on Fire. 

Whilft Mr. Marks was making Application to the 
Council, Richards y and the reft of the Py rates, 
walked the Streets publickly, in the Sight of all 
People, who were lired with the utmoft Indigna- 
tion, looking upon them as Robbers and Mur- 
therers, and particularly the Authors of their 
Wrongs and OpprelTions, but durft not fo much 
as think of executing their Revenge, for fear 


74 Of BlacK'Beard. 

of bringing more Calamities upon themfelves, 
and fb they were forced to let the Villains pafs 
with Impunity. The Gorernment were not long 
in deliberating upon the MelTage^ tho' 'twas the 
greatefi: Affront that could have been put upon 
titem -, yet for the faving Co many Mens Lives, 
(among them, Mr. S.tmuel Wraggy one of the 
Council •, ) they comply 'd with the Neceility, 
ajid fent aboard a Cheft, valued at between 3 and 
40Q /. and the Py rates went back fafe to their 

BLiclibeard^ (for fo Teach was generally called, as 
we ihall hereafter iliew) as foon as he had received 
the Medicines and his Brother Rogues, let go the 
Ships and the Priijjners • having firll: taken out of 
them in Gold and Silver, about 1 500 /. Sterling, 
beiides Provifions and other Matters. 

From the Bar o[' Charles-Town^ they failed to North" 
Ctrolraa'-i Captain Teach m the Ship, which they 
called the Man of V/ar, Captain Richards and Cap- 
tain Har?ds in the Sloops, which they termed Pri- 
vateers, and another Sloop fervingthemasa Tender. 
Teach began now to think of breaking up the 
Company, and fecuring the Money and the beft 
of the Eifects for himfelf, and fome others of his 
Companions he had moft Friendfhip for, and to 
cheat the rei\ : Accordingly, on Pretence of run- 
ning into Top/ail Inlet to clean, he grounded his 
Ship, and then, as if it had been done undefign- 
edly, and by Accident ^ he orders Hands^s Sloop 
to come to his A in fiance, and get him off again, 
which he endeavouring to do, ran the Sloop on 
Shore near the other, and fo were both loft. 
This done, Teach goes into the Tender Sloop, 
with forty Hands, and^ leaves the Revenge there ; 
then takes leventeen others and Marroons them 
upQu a fmall fandy Illand, about a League from 
the Maiii, where ther^ was j^either Bird, Beaft 


Of Black-Beard. 75 

oif Herb for their Subfiftance, and where they muft 
have perifhed if Major Bof7^et h^ not two Days 
after taken them off. 

Teach goes up tQ the Governor of North-CaroUnay 
with about twenty of his Men, furrender to his 
Majefty's Proclamation, and receive Certificates 
thereof, from his Excellency \ but it did not ap- 
pear that their fubmitting to this Pardon was from 
any Reformation of Manners, but only to wait a 
more favourable Opportunity to play the fame 
Game over again :^ which he foon after effected^ 
with greater Security to himfelf, and with much 
better Profpe^t of Succefs, having in this Time cul- 
tivated a very good underflanding with Charles Lde-n^ 
Eiq-, the Governor above mentioned. 

The firft Piece of Service this kind Governor 
did to Bla^hBeard^ was, to give him a Right to 
the VelTel which he had taken, when he was a 
py rating in the great Ship called the Queen Am\ 
j^evenge ; for which purpofe, a Court of Vice-Admi- 
ralty w^sheld^t Bath'Tow?i\ and, tho' Teach had 
never any Commiflion in his Life, and the Sloop 
telonging to the JE;?^///?; Merchants, and taken iii 
Time of Peace ^ yet was fhe condemned as a Prize 
taken from the Sfaniards^ by th^ faid Teach, Theie 
Proceedings iliew that Governors are but Men. 

Before he failed upon his Adventures, he mar- 
ry'd a young Creature of about fixteen Years of 
Age, the Governor performing the Ceremony. As 
it is a Cuftom to marry here by a Prieft, fo it is 
there by a Magistrate -^ and this, I have been in- 
formed, made T^ach's fourteenth Wife, whereof, 
about a dozen might be flill living. 'His Bf^ba,- 
viour in this State, was fomething extraordinary ; 
for while his Sloop lay in Ohrc(;oc'k Inlet, and he 
afhorc at a Plantation, where his Wife lived, with 
whom after he had lain all Night-, it was his Cu- 
flom to invite five or fix of his brutal Compani- 


y6 Of Black-Beard. 

ons to come afhore, and he would force her to 
proftitute her felf to them all, one after another, 
before his Face. 

In June 171 8, he went to Sea, upon another 
Expedition, and fteered his Courfe towards Bermu^ 
das'y he met with two or three £«r^///Z7 Veffe Is in 
his Way, but robbed them only of Provifions, 
Stores and other Neceflaries, for his prefent Ex- 
pence •, but near the Ifland aforementioned, he fell 
in with two French Ships, oie of them was loaden 
with Sugar and Cocoa, and the other light, both 
bound to Martinico \ the Ship that had no Lading 
he let go, and putting all the Men of the loaded 
Ship aboard her, he brought home the other with 
her Cargo to North-Carolina^ where the Governor 
and the Pyrates ihared the Plunder. 

When Teach and his Prize arrived, he and four 
of his Crew went to his Excellency, and made Af- 
fidavit, that they found the French Ship at Sea, 
without a Soul on Board her ♦, and then a Court 
was called, and the Ship condemned : The Gover- 
nor had fixty Hogfheads of Sugar for his Dividend, 
and one Mr. Knight^ who was his Secretary, and 
Collector for the Province, twenty, and the reft was 
ihared among the other Pyrates. 

The Bufinefs was not yet done, the Ship re- 
mained, and it was poiTible one or other might 
come into the River, that might be acquainted 
with her, and fo difcover the Roguery ^ but Teach 
thought of a Contrivance to prevent this, for, 
upon a Pretence that ihe was leaky, and that ihe 
might fmk, and fo flop up the Mouth of the Inlet 
or Cove where fhe lay, he obtained an Order 
from the Governor, to bring her out into the 
River, and fet her on Fire, which was accor- 
dingly executed, and fhe was burnt down to the 
Water's Edge, ller Bottom funk, and with it, 


Of Black-Beard. 77 

the'r Fears of her ever rifmg in Judgment againft 

Captain Teach, alias BUchbea/d, pafTed three or 
four Months in the River, fomecimes lying at An- 
chor in the Coves, at other Times falling from one 
Inlet to another, trading with fuch Sloops as he 
met, for the Plunder he had taken, and would of- 
ten give them Prefents for Stores and Provifions 
took from them ^ that is, when he happened to be 
in a giving Humour ^ at other Times he made bold 
with them, and took what he liked, without fay- 
ing, hy your Leave, knowing well, they dared not 
fend him a Bill for the Payment. He often di- 
verted himfelf with going afhore among the Plan- 
ters, where he revelled Night and Day : By thefe 
he was well received, but whether out of Love 
or Fear, I cannot fay *, fome times he ufed them cour- 
teoufly enough, and made them Prefents of Rum 
and Sugar, in Recompence of what he took from 
them ^ but, as for Liberties (which 'tis faid) he 
and his Companions often took with the Wives 
and Daughters of the Planters, I cannot take 
upon me to fay, whether he paid them ad Valorem, 
or no. At other Times he carried it in a lordly 
Manner towards them, and would lay Ibme of them 
under Contribution-, nay, he often proceeded to 
bully the Governor, not, that I can difcover the 
leaft Caufe of Qiiarrel betwixt them, but it feemed 
only to be done, to ihew he dared do it. 

The Sloops trading up and down this River, 
being fo frequently pillaged by Blad-beard, con- 
futed with the Traders, and fome of the beft of the 
planters, what Courfe to take* they.faw plainly 
it would be in vain to make any Application to 
the Governor of North-Carolina, to whom it pro.^ 
perly belonged to find fome Redrefs •, fo that if 
they could not be relieved from fome other Quar- 

78 Of Black-Beard. 

ter, Blachbeard would be like to reign with Impu- 
nity, therefore, with as much Secrecy aspoiCble,- 
they fetlt a Deputation to Virginity to lay the Atfair 
^efore the Governor of that Colony, and to folicit 
an armed Force from the Men of War lying there, 
to take or deftroy this Pyrate. 

This Governor confulted with the Captains of 
the two Men of War, iji?^, the Vearl and Limey 
who had lain in St. Jameses River, about ten Months. 
It was agreed that the Governor ihould hire 
a couple of fmall Sloops, and the Men of War 
Should Man them; this was accordingly done, 
and the Command of them given to Mr. Robert 
Maynardy firft Lieutenant of the Vearl.^ an expe- 
rienced Officer, and a Gentleman of great Bravery 
and Refolution, as will appear by his gallant Be- 
haviour in this Expedition. The Sloops were well 
mann'd and furniflied with Ammunition and fmall 
Arms, but had no Guns mounted. 

About the Time of their going out, the Gover- 
nor called an AfTembly, in which it was refolved to 
publiih a Proclamation, offering certain Rewards 
to any Perfon or Perfbns, who, within a Year after 
that Time, fhould take or deftroy any Pyrate : The 
original Proclamation being in our Hands^ is a^ 


Of BLACK'BEAnv. 79 

By his Majefly's Lieutenant Governor, and. 
Commander in Chief, of the Colony and 
Dominion of Virginia^ 


Pablifhing the Rewards given for apprehending, 
or killing, Pyrates. 

WHereaSy hy an A^ of AJprnhly^ mnde at d. 
Sejfion of j4Jfemhly^ begun at the Capnal in Wil- 
liamsburgh, the eleventh Day of November, in the- 
fifth Tear of his Majefiy'^s Reigny entituledy An A^l to en- 
courage the apprehending and deftroynig of Py rates : 
it isy amongfl- other Things enaCied^ that all and every Per'- . 
fon^or Perjonsy who y from and after the fourteenth Day of 
'JSIovember, in the Tear of our Lord one thoufand feveti 
hundred and eighteen^ and before the fourteenth Day of 
November, which floall he in the of our Lord one 
thoufand f even hundred and nineteen ^ jJjali take any Pyrate^ 
or Pyratesy on the Sea or ,Landy or in Cafe of RefiftancCy 
fljall kill any fuch PyratSy or PyratHy between the Degrees 
of thirty foury and thirty ninCy of Northern Latitude^ and 
within one hundred Leagues of the Continent of Virgi- 
nia, or within the Provinces of Virginia, or North- 
Carolina, ufon the ConviBiony or making due Proof of 
the killing of ally and every fuch Pyrate^ and Pyrates, 
before the Governor and Council^ fjali be entitled to have, 
and receive out of the public k Money y in the Hands of 
the Treafurer of this Colony y the fever at Rewards follow- 
ing ^ that ts to fayy for Edwar4 Teach, commonly 
calld Captain Teach, or Blacks Beard, one hundred 
Pounds^ for every other Commander of a Pyrate Shipy 
Sloop J or Veffely forty Poun^i % for every Lieutenant^ Ma-^ 
fiery or Quart er-Mafler y Boatfwain^ or Carpenter y twen- 
ty Pounds ^ for every other inferior Offcery fifteen PoundSy 
md for every private Man taken on Board fuch Ship^ 


8o Of Black-Beard. 

Sloopj or P^ejfely ten Pounds ; andy that for every Pyrate^ 
which jhall he taken by any Ship, Sloop or f^ejfel^ belonging 
to this Colony^ or North-Carolina, within the Time 
aforefaidy in any Place whatfoevery the like Rewards 
Jljoll be paid according to the Quality and Condition 
of fuch tyrates* M^hereforey for the Encouragement of 
all fuch Per fans as jhall be willing to ferve his Majejlyy 
and thetr Country y infojuft and honourable an Vnder- 
takingy as the fupprejfmg a Sort of PeopUy who may be 
truly called Enemies to Mankind: I have thought fit^ 
tpith the Advice and Confent of his Majesfy^s Councily 
to ijfue this Proclamationy hereby declaringy the faid 
Eewards jhall be pun^ually and juBly paidy in current 
Money of Virginia, according to the Diretiions of the 
faid Alh Andy 1 do order and appoint this Procla* 
mationy to be publifhed by the Sheriffsy at their refpe^ 
Uive County- HoufeSy and by all Minifiers and Readers^ 
in the fcveral Churches and Chappelsy throughout this 

Given at our Council-Chamber at Williams- 
burghy this 24th Day of November y 1 7 1 8, 
in the fifth Year of his Majefty's Reign. 

A. sporswooD. 

The 17th of November y 1718, the Lieutenant 
fail'd from Kicquetany in James River in Virgintay 
and, the 2 1 ft in the Evening, came to the Mouth of 
Okerecock\\\\Qty where he got Sight of the Py rate. 
This Expedition was made with all imaginable 
Secrecy, and the Officer managed with all the Pru- 
dence that was necefTary, flopping all Boats and 
Vellels he met with, in the River, from going up, 
and thereby preventing any Intelligence from reach- 
ing Black'Beardy and receiving at the fame time an 
Account from them all, of the Place where the Py rate 
was lurking *, but notwithftanding this Caution, 


Of BlacK'BJ^ard. 9i' 

'Blaehheard had Information of the Defign, from 
his Excellency of the Province *, and his Secretary, 
Mr. Knight y wrote him a Letter, particularly con- 
cerning it, intimating, Tl^at he had fent htm four of his 
Aicn^ which were dll he could meet with, in or about Towj<iy 
and fo bid him he v^>n hi<s Guard. Thele Men belonged 
to Black-beardy and were fent from Bath-Town to 
Okerccock Inlet, where the Sloop lay, which is about 
20 Leagues. 

Black'heard had heard feveral Reports, which hap- 
pened not to be true, and fo gave the lefs Cre- 
dit to this, nor was he convinced till he faw the 
Sloops : Whereupon he put his VelTel in a Pofture 
of Defence ^ he had no more than twenty five Mea 
on Board, tho' he gave our to all the VelTeh he 
fpoke with, that he had 40. When he had pre-* 
pared for Battle, he fet down and fpent the Night 
in drinking with the Mafter of a trading Sloop^ 
who, 'twas thought, had more Bufinefs with Tcachy 
than he ihould have had. 

Lieutenant Maynardcd^me to an Anchor, for the 
Place being fhoal, and the Channel intricate, there 
was no getting in, where Teach lay, that N^ght ; 
but in the Morning he weighed, and fent his 
Boat a-head of the Sloops to found ^ and com- 
ing within Gun-Shot of the Pyrate, received his 
Fire •, whereupon A-Iaynard hoifted the King's Co^ 
lours, and ftood direftly towards him, with the 
befi- Way that his Sails and Oars could made. Black-- 
heard cut his Cable, and endeavoured to make a 
running Fight, keeping a continual Fire at his 
Enemies, with his Guns •, lAv,^ May nard wot having 
ftny, k^pt a conftant Fire with fmall Arms, while 
Ibme of his Men laboured at their Oars. In a little 
Time Teach's Sloop ran a-ground, and Mr. May* 
fiard's drawing more Water than that of the Pyrate, 
he could not come near him •, fo he anchored withiu 
Jaalf Gun-'Shoi of the Enemy^ and, ii;i order to 

3? iighteij 

82 Of BlACK-B EARD. 

lighten his Vellel, that he might run him aboard, 
the Lieutenant ordeed all hisBallaft to be thrown 
over-board, and all the Water to be Itaved, and 
then weighed and ftood for h^m ^ upon which Black- 
heard hail'd him in this rude Manner: Damn you 
for Villains^ who are you ? And^ from whence came you ? 
The Lieutenant made him Anfwer, Tou may fee by 
cur Colours we are no pyrates. Black-beard bid him 
fend his Boat on Board, that he might fee who he 
was ; but Mr. Maynard reply'd thus ; / camct [fare 
my Boat, but I will come aboard of you as foon as I can^ 
with my Sloof. Upon this, B ack- beard took a Glafs 
of Liquor, and drank to him with thefe Words : 
.Damnation felz,e my Soid if I give you Quarters^ or take any 
from you. In Anfwer to which^ M* . Maynard told 
iii/n, That he expcHred no Quarttrs from him^ nor Jhould 
he give him any* 

By this time Black-he ard's Sloop fleeted, as Mr. 
Maynard^ s ^\oo^s \y ex e rowing towards him, which 
beiiig not above a Foot high in the Wafte, and con- 
fequently the Men all expofed, as they came near 
together, (there being hitherto little or no Exe- 
cution done, on either Side,) the Pyrate fired a 
Broadnde, charged with all Manner of fmall Shot. 

• A fatal Stroke to tliem ! The Sloop the 

Lieutenant was in, having twenty Men killed 
and wounded, and the other Sloop nine ; This 
co'Id not be help'd, for there being no Wind, they 
were oblig'd to keep to their Oars, otherwile 
the Pyrate would have got away from him, which, 
it feenis, the Lieutenant was refolute to pre- 

After this unlucky Blow, Black-beard's Sloop 
fell Broadfide to the Shore ^ Mr. Maynard's other 
Sloop, which was called the Ranger, tell a-ftern, 
being, for ^he prefent, difabl-ed ; lb the Lieutenant 
finding his own Sloop had Way, and would' foon 
be on Board of Teach, he. ordered all his Men 


Of Black-Beard. 83 

down, for fear of another Broadfide, which mjft 
have been their Deftrudion, aiid the lofs of their 
Expedition. Mr. Maynard was the only Pe. (ba 
that kept the Deck, except the Man at the Helm, 
whom he direfted to lye down fnug, and the Men 
in the Hold were ordered to get their Piftols and 
their Swords ready for clofe fighting, and to 
come up at his Command •, in ordex to which^ 
two Ladders were placed in the Hatch- Way 
for the more Expedition. When the Lieutenant's 
Sloop boarded the other, Captain Teach's Men 
threw in fever al new faihioned fort of Grenadoes, 
vi:!i. Cafe Bottles flll'd with Powder, and fmall 
Shot, Slugs, and Pieces of Lead or Iron, with a 
quick Match in the Mouth of it, which being 
lighted without Side, prefently runs into the Bot- 
tle to the Powder, and as it is inftantly thrown 
on Board, generally does great Execution^ befides 
putting all the Crew into a Confufion ; bat by 
good Providence, they had not that Eflfe£t here ^• 
the Men being in the Hold, and Black-heard feeing 
few or no Hands aboard, told his Men, That they 
were all knocked on the Heady except three or four ^ and 
therefor Cy fays he, let^s jump on Boardy and cut them to 

Whereupon, under the Smoak of one of the 
Bottles juft mentioned. Black-beard enters with 
fourteen Men, over the Bows of Maynard''sS\oo^^ 
and were not i^eQn by him till the Air cleared ^ 
however, he jurt then gave a Signal to his Men^ 
who all rofe in an Inftaut, and attack'd the Py rates 
vvith as much Bravery as ever was done upon fuch 
an Occafion : Black-heard and the Lieutenant fired 
thefirftPiftol at each other, by which the Pyrate 
received a Wound, and then engaged with Swords, 
till the Lieutenant's unluckily broke, and ftepping 
back to cock a Plftol, Black-beardy with his Cut- 
lalh, was ftriking at that Inftant, that one of M^y- 

F a n,trd\ 

84 Of BlAck-Bearb. 

nard'f Men gave him a terrible Wound in the J>seck 
and Throat, by which the Lieutenant came off 
with a fmall Cut over his Fingers. 

They were now ctofely and warmly engaged, 
the Lieutenant and twelve Men, againft Black- 
heard and fourteen, till the Sea was tinttur'd with 
Blood round the VefTel^ Black-heard received a Shdt 
into his Body from the Piftol that Lieutenant May- 
nard difcharg'd, yet he flood his Ground, and fought 
with great Fury, till he received five and twenty 
Wounds, and five of them by Shot. At length, 
TcS he was cocking arother Piftol, having fired fe- 
veral before, he fell down dead \ by which Time 
eight more out of the fourteen dropp'd, and all the 
reft, much wounded, jumpM over-board, and call'd 
out for Quarters, which was granted, tho' it was 
only prolonging their Lives for a few Days. The 
Sloop 'Ranger came up, and attack"d the Men that 
remained in Black-heard^ Sloop, with equal Bra- 
very, till they likewile cry'd for Quarters. 

Here was an End of that couragious Brute, who 
might have pafsM in the World for a Heroe, had 
he been employ'd in a good Caufe •, his Deftruftion, 
which was of fuch Confequence to the Plantations, 
was entirely owing to the Condu£l: and Bravejy 
of Lieutenant Maynard and his Men, who might 
have deftroy'd him with much lefs Lofs, had they 
had a Vef&l with great Guns • but they were 
obliged to ufe fmall VefTels, becaufe the Holes 
and Places he lurk'd in, would not admit of others 
of greater Draught *, and it was no fmall Difficulty 
for this Gentleman to get to him, having groun- 
ded his Veifel, at leaft, a hundred times, in get- 
ting up the River, befides other Difcouragements, 
enough to have turned back any Gentleman with- 
out Dilhonour, who was lefs refolute and bold than 
this Lieutenart. The Broadfide that did fo much 
Mi fchief before they boarded, in all Prababiliy fa- 


Of Black-Be AUB. 85 

ved the reft from Deftru^lion • for before that 
Teach had little or no Hopes of efcaping, and 
therefore had pofted a refolute Fellow, a Negroe 
whom he had bred up, with a lighted Match, in 
the Powder-Room, with Commands to blow up 
when he ihould give him Orders, which was as fbon 
as the Lientenant and his Men could have en- 
tered, that fo he might have deftroy'd his Conque- 
rors : and when the Negro found how it went 
with Black'heardy he could hardly . be perfwaded 
from the raft A^ion, by two Prifoners that were 
then in the Hold of the Sloop. 

What leems a little odd, is, that Ibme of thefe 
Men, who behaved fo bravely againft Black-heard, 
went afterwards a py rating themfelves, and one 
ot them was taken along with Roberts -^ but I 
do not find that any of them were provided for, 
except one that was hanged j but this is a Di- 

The Lieutenant caufed BUcl-heard's Head to be 
fevered from his Body, and hung up at the Bolt- 
fprit End, then he failed to Bath-Town, to get Relief 
for his wounded Men- 
It muft be obferved, that in rummaging the Py^ 
rate's Sloop, they found feveral Letters and writ- 
ten Papers, which difcovered the Correfpondence 
betwixt Governor Eden^ the Secretary and Col- 
lector, and alio Ibme Traders at New-lork, and 
Black-heard. It is likely he had Regard enough 
for his Friends, to have deftroyed thefe Papers 
before the Action, in order to hinder them from 
falling into fiich Hands, where the Difcovery would 
be of no Ufe, either to the Interefl or Reputation 
of thefe fine Gentlemen, if it had not been his 
fixed Refolution to have blown up together, when 
he found no poiTibility of efcaping. 

When the Lieutenant came to Bath-Towf?, he made 
told to feize in the Governor's Store-Houfe, the 

F 3 fiXty: 

86 Of Black-Be Aniy. 

fixty Hogfheads of Sugar, and from honeft Mr, 
Kmght^ tvvehty *, which it feems was their Dividend 
of the Plunder taken in the French Ship ; the latter 
did not long furvive this Ihameful Difcovery, for 
being apprehenfive that he might be called to an 
Account for thefe Trifles, fell fick with the Fright, 
and died in a few Days. 

After the wounded Men were pretty well reco- 
ver'd, the Lieutenant failed back to the Men of 
War in James River^ in Virginiay with Black-beard's 
Head ftill hanging at the Bolt-fprit End, and five- 
teen Priloners, thirteen of whom were hanged. 
It appearing upon Tryal, that one of them, t;/z.. 
Samuel OdePy was taken out of the trading Sloop, 
but the l^ight before the Engagement. This poor 
Fellow was a little unlucky at his ftrft entering up- 
on his new Trade, there appearing no lefs than 70 
Wounds upon him after the Aftion, notwithftand- 
ing which, he lived, and w^s cured of them all. The- 
jother Perfon that efcaped the Gallows, was one 
Jfrael Hands, the Mafter of Black-beard's Sloop, and 
formerly Captaw of the fame, before the Queen 
jinri's Revenge was lofl in Top fail hilet. 

The aforefaid Hands happened not to be in the 
Fight, but was taken afterwards afhore at Bath^ 
Torcn^ having been fometime before difabled by 
Black-beard, in one of his favage Humours, after 

the following Manner, One "Night drinking in 

his Cabin with Hands, the Pilot, and another Man ^ 
Black-beard without any Provocation privately draws 
out a fmall Pair of Piftols, and cocks them under 
the Table, which being' perceived by the Man, he 
withdrew and went upon Deck, leaving Handsy 
the Pilot, and the Captain together. When the 
Piftols were ready, he blew out the Candle, and 
croiTmg his Hands, difcharged them at his Com- 
pany ; Hands, the Mafter, was fhot thro' the Knee, 
gnd laip'4 for Lift j the other Piftol did no Execu- 

Of Black-Beard. 87 

tion. Being asked the meaning of this, he 

oiJy anlwered, by damning them, that if he didj.oc 
n w and then kill one of theniy they wmld forget who 
he was. 

Hands being taken, was try'd and condemned, 
but juit as he was about to be executed, a i>hip 
arrives at Virginia with a Proclamation for pro- 
longing the Time of his Majefty's Pardon, to 
fuch of the Pyrates as iliould lurrender by a limi- 
ted Time therein exprelfed : Nocwithftanding the 
Sente ice, Hands pleaded the Pardon, a d was al- 
lowed the Benefit of it, and is alive at thie Time in 
Lond'>nj begging his Bread. 

Kow that we have given fome Account of Teach''s 
Life and Alliens, it will not be amifs, that we 
fpeakof his Beard, lince it did not a little contri- 
bute towards making his Name fotenible ia thole 

Phtarchy and other grave Hiftorians have taken 
Kotice, that.feveral great Men amongft the Ro- 
mans, cook their Sir-Names from certain odd Marks 
in their Countenances •, as Cicero^ from a Mark or 
Vetch on his Nofe ^ fo our Heroe, Captain Teacijj 
alTumed the Cognomen of Black-beard, from that 
large Quantity of Hair, which, like a frightful Me- 
teor,' covered his whole Face, and 'Tightened y^me^ 
rica more than any Comet that has appeared there 
a long Time. 

This Beard was black, which he fulTersd to s^row 
of an extravagant Length ^ as to Breadth, it came 
up to his Eyes •, he was accuftomed to twift it with 
Ribbons, in fmall Tails, af er the Manner of our 
Ranr'lies Wigg?, and turn them about his Ears : la 
Time of A£tion, he wore a Sling over his Shoul- 
ders^ with three brace of Piftols, hanging in Hol- 
ders like Bandaliers ♦, and ftuck lighted Matches 
under his Hat, which appearino: on each Side of 
his Face, his Eyes^ naturally looking fierce and 

^ 4. wild. 

§8 Of BlacK'Beard, 

wild, made liim akoiiecher fuch a Figure, thafe 
Imaiiination cannot: form an Idea of a Fury, from 
IIe^l> to look more frightful. 

If he had the look ot a Fury, his Humours and 
Paihoijs wf^re luitable to it ^ \ve (l^all relate two 
or three more of his Extravagancies, which wa 
omitted in the Body of- his Hiftory, by which it 
will appear, to 'vhat a Pitch of Wickednef^;, hu- 
man Nature may arrive, if it's PaiHons are not 

Id the Commonwealth of Py rates, he who goes 
the greateft Length of Wickednefs, is looked upon 
U'ith a kixid of Envy amongft them, as a Perfon of 
a more extraordinary Gallantry, and is thereby 
entitled to be diiiinguifned by feme Poft, and if 
fuch a one has but Courage, he mufi: certainly be 
a great Man. The Hero of whom we are writing, 
was thorodghly accom.pliflied this Way, and fome 
of his Frolicks of Wickednefs, were io extrava- 
gant, as if he aimed at making his Men believe he 
was a Devil incarnate ^ ior being one Day at Sea^ 

and a little iiuihed with drink : Ccme^ lays he, 

let fU make a Hell of our oxon^ and try how long we can 
hear it \ accordingly he, with two or three others, 
"went down into the Hold, and clofing up all the 
Hatches, filled feveral Pots full of Brimftone, and 
other combuftible Matter, and fet it on Fire, and 
lb continued till they were almoft fulfocated, when 
fome of tho. Men cried out for Air ; at length he 
opened the Hatches, not a little pleafed that he 
held out the longeft. 

The Kight before he was killed, he fet up and 
drank till the JVIorning, with fome of his own 
Men, and the Mafter of a Merchant-Man, and ha- 
ving had Intelligence of the two Sloops coming to 
attack him, as has been before obierved^ one of 
his Men i^sked him, in Cafe any thing fhould hap- 
j)eu ^0 him m the Engagement Nyith the Sloops, 

* ^ wh^thei' 

Of Black-Be A Rm 8.9^ 

whether his Wife knew where he had buried his 
Money ? He anlwered, TT7at no Body hut himfelf and 
the Devil y knew vphere. it was^ and the Imigeft Liver jhould 
tale all. 

Thofe of his Crew who were tajcen alive, told 
a Story which may appear a little incredible ; 
however, we think it will not be fair to omit it, 
fmce we had it from their own Mouths. That 
once upon a Cruize, they found out that they had 
a Man on Board more than their Cre\v, •, fuch a one 
was feen feveral Days amongft them, fometiraes 
below, and fometimes upon Deck, yet no Man in 
the Ship could give an Account who he was, or 
from whence he came i, but that he diiappeared a 
Jittle before they were caft away in their great 
Ship, but, it leems, they verily believed it was 
Ihe Devil. 

One would think thefe Things fhould induce 
them to reform their Lives, but fo many Repro- 
bates together, encouraged and fpirited one ano- 
ther up in their Wickednefs, to which a conti- 
nual Courfe of drinking did not a little contribute ^ 
for in Black-hcard^s. Journal, which was taken, there 
were feveral Memorandums of the following 
Nature, found, writ with his own Hand. — — 

Such a Day, Rum all out : Our Company fomewhat 

fober : — • j4 damnd Confufion amongfl us I ' ' • Rogues 

a plotting J — -r—y great Talk of Separation. So I look'' d 

JJjarpfor a Prize '^ fuch a Day took one^ with agre^t 

deal of Liquor on Board, fo kept the Company hot^ damned 
hdt^ then all Tloings went well again. 

Thus it was thefe Wretches paffed their Lives^ 
with very little Pieafure or Satisfaction, in the 
Polfeilion of what they violently take away fiom 
others, and fure to pay for it at laft, by an ignomi^- 
jiicus Death- 

90 Of Black-Beard. 

The Karnes of the Pyrates killed in the Engage- 
ment, are as follow. 
Edward Teach^ Cnmraander. 
Thilif Morton^ Gunner. 
Carrat GihhenSy Boatfwain. 
Oxcen Roberts^ Carpenter. 
nomas AdtlleTy Quarter-Maftet.' 

John Husky 
Jofeph Curtice^ 
Jojeph Brooksy (l) 
Nath. Jackfofj- 

All the reft, except the two laft, were wounded and 
afterwards hanged in yirginia, 
'John Carnesy Jofeph PhiltpSy 

Jofeph Brooks y (l) James RobhinSy 

James Blakcy John Martiny 

John Gills, Edward Salter, 

Thomas Gatesy Stephen Daniel, 

James WhitCy Richard Greenfail. 

Richard Stiles, Jfrael Hands, pardoned. 

C<£fary Samuel Odel, acquited. 

There were in the Pyrate Sloops, and afhore in a 
Tent, near where the Sloops lay, 25 Hogfheadsof 
Sugar, II Feirces, and 145 Bags of Cocoa, a Bar- 
rel of Indigo, and a Bale of Cotton -, which, with 
what was taken from the Governor and Secretary, 
and the Sale of the Sloop, came to 2500 1. befides 
the Rewards paid by the Governor of rirginla, pur- 
Ajantto his Proclamation •, all which was divided 
among the Companies of the two Ships, Lime and 
Pearly that lay in James River ^ the brave Fellows 
that took them coming in for no more than their 
Dividend amongft the reft, and was paid it within 
tbefe three Months. 



O F 

Major Stede Bonnet, 

And his Crew. 

TH E Major was a Gentleman of good Re- 
putation in the Ifland of Barbadoes, was 
Mafler of a plentiful Fortune, and had 
the Advantage of a liberal Education. He had the 
leaft Temptation of any Man to follow fuch aCourfe 
of Life, from the Condition of his Circumftances. 
It was very furprizing to every one, to hear of 
the Major's Enterprize, in the Ifland were he 
liv'd ^ and as he was generally efteem'd and honour- 
ed, before he broke out into open Afts of Pyracy, 
fo he was afterwards rather pitty'd than condem- 
ned, by thofe that were acquainted with him, 
believing that this Humour of going a pyrating, 
proceeded from a Diforder in his Mind, which 
had been but too vifiblein him, fome Time before 
this wicked Undertaking •, and which is faid to 
have been occafioned by fome Difcomforts be 
found in a married State •, be that as it will, the 
Major was but ill qualify'd for the Bufniels, as 
not underftanding maritime Affairs. 

However, he fitted out a Sloop with ten Guns 
and 70 Men, entirely at his own Expence, and in 
the Night-Time fiiled from Barbadoes. He called 
his Sloop the Revenge ; his fir ft Cruize wasoif the 
Ca]-es of yirginiay where he took feveral Ships, 
and plundered them of their Provifions, Cloarh'?, 


^t Of M^ J or Stejde Bonnet. 

Money, Ammunition, &c. in particular the Anne, 
Captain Montgomery^ from GUfcow ^ the Turhet from 
Parhadoes^ which for Country fake, after they had 
taken out the principal Part of the Lading, the 
Pyrate Crew fen her on Fire •, the Endeavour^ Cap- 
tain Scoty from Briftoly and the Tour?g from Leith. 
From hence they went to NewTorky and off the 
Eaft End of Long-Ifland^ took a Sloop bound for the 
Weft'Ifidles^ after which they flood m and landed 
fome Men at Gardner s Ijland^ but in a peaceable 
Manner, and bought Proyifions for the Company's 
Ufe, which they paid for, and fo went off agaia 
without Moleftation. 

Some Time after, which was in Ai^guft 1 7 1 7, Bon^ 
net came off the Bar of Soutlo'Carollna^ and took a 
Sloop and a Brigantine bound in ^ the Sloop belong- 
ed to Barbadoesy Jofefh Vdmer Mailer, laden with 
Rum, Sugar and Negroes \ and the Brigantine came 
from Nerv'EngUndy Thomas Porter Mafter, whom they 
plundered, and then difmifs'd •, but they failed away 
with the Sloop, and at an Inlet in North-Carolina 
careened by her, and then fet her on Fire. 

After the Sloop had cleaned, they put to Sea, 
but came to no Refolution what Courfe to take •, 
the Crew were divided in their Opinions, fome be- 
ing for one Thing, and fome another, fo that nothing 
but Confufion feem'd to attend all their Schemes. 

The Major was no Sailor as was faid before, and 
therefore had been obliged to yield to many Things were impofed on him, during their Underta- 
king, for want of a competent Knowledge in marl* 
time Affairs *, at length happening to fall in Com- 
pany with another Pyrate, ane Edward Teach ^ (who 
tor his remarkable black ugly Beard, was morecom^ 
monly called Black-Beard : ) This Fellow was a good 
Sailor, but a mofl cruel hardened Villain, bold and 
daring to the lafl Degree, and would not ftick at the 
perpetrating the mo^ abominable Wickednefs ima- 

Of Major STEDE BONl^ET. 95 

ginable ^ for which he wos made Chief of that exe- 
crable Gang, that it might be faid that his Poft was 
not unduly filled, Black-heard being truly the Su-* 
perior in Roguery, of all the Company, as has been 
already related. 

To him Bonncis Crew joined in Confortihip, and 
Bomiet himlelf was laid afiiie, natwithftanding the 
Sloop was his own •, he went aboard Biack-heard'^ 
Ship, not concerning himfelf with any of their Af- 
fairs, where he continued till ihe was loft in Topfalt 
Inlet, and one Richards was appointed Captain in his 
Room. The Major now faw his Folly, but could 
not help himlelf, which made him Melancholy ^ he 
reilecled upon his paft Courfe of Life, and was con- 
founded with iJhame, when he thought upon what 
he had done : His Behaviour was taken Notice of 
by the other Pyrates, who liked him never the bet- 
ter for it ; and he of cen declared to Ibme of them, 
that he would gladly leave off that Way of Living, 
being fully tired of it •, but he ihould be afhamed to 
fee the Face of any EngUfl) Man again ^ therefore if 
he could get to Sfain or Tortugal^ where he might be 
undifcovered, he would Ipend the Remainder of his 
Days in either of thofe Countries, other wife he 
muft continue with them as long as he lived. 

When Blacl'heard loft his Ship at Topfail Inlet, 
and furrendered to the King's Proclamation, Bon^ 
net reafHimed the Command of his own Sloop, 
Revenge^ goes direftly away to Bath-Town in North- 
Carolina^ furrenders likewife to the King's Par- 
don, and receives a Certificate. The War was now 
broke out between the Tri}ple Allies and Spain \ ^o 
Major Bonnet gets a Clearewce for his Sloop at North- 
Carolina, to go to the Ifland of St. Thomas^ with a De- 
fign (at leaft it was pretended lb) to get the Empe- 
ror's CommiiTion, to go a Privateering upon the Spa- 
fiiards. When Bonnet came back to Tcpjail Inlet, he 
found that Teach and his Gang were gone, a^id that 


94 Of Major Stebe Bo it net. 

had taken all the Money, fmall Arms and Effe0:5 
of Value out of the great Ship, and fet afhore 
on a fmall fandy Ifland above a League from the 
Wain, feventeen Men, no doubt with a Delign 
they ihould perifh, there being no Inhabitant, or 
Provifions to fubfift withal, nor any Boat or Mate- 
rials to build or make any kind of Launch or 
Velfel, to efcape from that defolate Place: They 
remained there two Nights and one Day, without 
Subfiitance, or the leaft Prorpe£i: of any, expefting 
nothing elle but a lingeriiig Death ;, when to their 
inexprelfable Comr'ort, they faw Redemption at 
Band •, for Major Bonnet happening to get Intelli" 
gence of their being there, by two of the Pyrates 
who had efcaped TeacFs Cruelty, and had got to 
a poor little Village at the upper End of the Har- 
bour, fent his Boat to make Dilcovery of the 
Truth of the Matter, which the poor Wretches 
feeing, made a fignal to them, and they were all 
brought on Board Bonneis Sloop. 

Major Bonnet told all his Company, that he 
would take a Commiilion to go againll: the Sfani* 
ardsy and to that End, was going to St. Tljomas*s 
therefore if they would go with him, they ihould 
be welcome •, whereupon they ail confented, but 
as the Sloop was preparing to fail, a Bom-Boat, 
that brought Apples and Sider to fell to the Sloop's 
Men, informed them, that Captain Teach lay at Oc- 
ricock Inlet, with only i8 or 20 Hands. Bonnet^ 
who bore him a mortal Hatred for fome Infults 
offered him, went immediately in purfuit of ^/^cy^- 
heavd^ but it happened too late, for he miffed of 
him there, and after four Days Cruize, hearing no 
farther Kews of him, they fleered their Courfe to- 
wards Virginia. 

In the Month of Jz/Zy, thefe Adventurers came 
off the Capes, and meeting with a Pink witha Stock 
ot Provifiogs on Board, which they happened to 


Of Major Stede Bonnet. 95 

be in Want o^, chey took out of her tenortwel/e 
Barrels of Pork, and about 400 Weic^ht of Bread ; 
but becaufe they would not have this fet down 
to the Account of Pyracy, they gave them eight 
or tea Casks of Rice, and an old Cable, in lieu 

Two Days afterwards they chafed a Sloop of 
fixty Ton, and took her two Leagues off of Cape 
Her^yy •, they were fo happy here as to get a Supply 
of Liquor to their Viduals, for they brought from 
her two Hoglheads of Rum, and as maiiy of Mo- 
loifes, wh'^h, it feems, they had need of, tho' they 
had not ready Money to purchafe them : What Se- 
curity they intended to give, I can't tell, but Bomet 
fent eight Men to take Care of the Prize Sloop, 
who, perhaps, not caring to make Ufe of thofe 
accuftom'd Freedoms, took the nrft Opportunity 
to go off with her, and Bonnet (who was pleafed 
to have himfelf called Captain Thomas^) faw them 
no more. 

After this, the Major threw off all Reftraint, 
and though he had juft before received his Ma- 
jefiy's Mercy, in the Name o^ Stede Bonnet, he re- 
lapsed in good Earneft into his old Vocation, by 
the Name of Captain Thomasy and recommenced 
a down-right Pyrate, by taking and plundering 
all the Ve'fTels he met with : He took off Cape 
Henry y two Ships from Firginiay bound to GlafcoWy 
out of which they had very little befides an hun- 
dred Weight of Tobacco. The next Day they 
took a fmall Sloop bound from Virginia to Ee-rmu- 
/^^i, which fupply'd them with twenty Barrels of 
Pork, fome Bacon, and they gave her in return, two 
Barrels of Rice, and a Hogfhead of MolofTus ^ out 
of this Sloop two Men enter'd voluntarily. The 
next they took was another Virginia Man, bound to 
GUfcoWy out of which they had nothing of "Value, 
lave only a few Combs, Pins and Needles, and 


Of Major SteDE BoNJ^ET, 

gave her inftead thereof, a Barrel of Bork, and two 
Barrels of Bread. 

From Flrginia they failed to Thlladel^hia^ and 
in the Latitude of 38 North, they took a Scooner, 
coming from North-Carolina, bound to Boflon, the^ 
had out or" her only two Dozen of Calf-Skins, to 
make Covers for Guns, and two of their Hands, 
and detained her fome Days. All this was but fmall 
Game, and feem'd as If they defign'd only to make 
Provifion for their Sloop againft they arrived at 
St. Hoomas'^S'^ for they hitherto had dealt favou- 
rably with all that were fb unhappy as fo fall 
into their Hands •, but thofe that came after, fared 
not fo well, for in the Latitude of 31, off of De- 
laware River, near Philadelphia, they took two Snows 
hound to Br iflo I, out of whom they got Ibme Mo- 
ney, befides Goods, perhaps to the Value of 150 
Pounds '^ at the fame Time they took a Sloop of 
fiXty Tons bound from Philadelphia to Barhadoesy 
which after taking fome Goods out, they difmiifed 
along with the Snows. 

The 29th Day of "July, Captain Thomas took a 
Sloop of 50 Tons, fix or i^e-^ew Leagues olT Dela- 
\vare Bay, bound from Philadelphia to Barhadoes^ Tho- 
tnas Read Mafter, loaden with PrOvifions, which 
they kept, and put four or five of their Hands on 
Board her. The laft Day of July, they took and- 
'ther Sloop of 60 Tons, commanded by Peter Man^ 
'leafing, bound from Antegoa to Philadelphia, which 
they like wife kept with all the Cargo, coniifting 
chiefly of Rum, MolofTes, Sugar, Cotton, Indigo, 
and about 2< Pound in Money, valued in all to 500 
Pound. ^^K,no^K:i;. 

The laft Day of jfz//y, our Rovers with the VefTel^ 

laft taken, left Delawsre Bay, and failed to Cape 

\^^^r River, where they ftaid too long for their 

'Safety, for the Pyrate Sloop which they now new 

named the Rcyaljamcs^ proved very leaky, fo that 

■i' ^ the^. 

Of Major Stebe Bonnet. 97 
they were obliged to remain here aimoft two 
Months, to refit and repair their Velfel: vh-y 
took in this River a linall Shallop, which they rip- 
ped up to mend the Sloop, and retarded the ur- 
ther Profecution of their Voyage, as before menti- 
oned, till the News came to Carolina^ of a Pyrate 
Sloop's being there to carreen with her Pr'zes. 

Upon this Information, the Couixil of South-Caro- 
lina was alarmed, and apprehended they ihould 
receive another Vifit from them fpeedily • to pre- 
vent which. Colonel William Rhet^ of the ilr^e Pro- 
vince, waited on the Governor, and gene rouily- of- 
fered himfelf to go with two Sloops to attack this 
Pyrate •, which the Governor readily accepted, and 
accordingly gave the Colonel a Commiflion and 
full Power, to fit fuch VelTe Is as he thought pro- 
per for the Defign. 

In a few Days two Sloops were equipped and 
manned: The Henry with 8 Guns and 70 Men, com- 
manded by Captain John Mafiers^ and the Sed 
Nymphy with 8 Guns and 60 Men, commanded by 
Captain Fayrer Hall^ both under the entire Dire^li- 
on and Command of. the aforefaid Colonel Rhet-y 
who, on the 14th oY September ^ went on Board the 
Henryy and, with the other Sloop, failed from 
Charles-Town to Swillivants liland, to put them- 
feives in order for the Cruize. Juft then arri- 
ved a fmall Ship from Aritigoa^ one Coclz Mafter, 
with an Account, that in Sij^ht of the Bar he was 
taken and plundered by owe Charles Vayie^^ a Pyrate, 
in a Brigantine of 12 Guns and 90 Men; and 
who had alfo take.i two other Velfels bound in 
there, one a fmall Sloop, Captain Dill Ma=fter, fi'om 
Barbadoes *, the other a Brigantine, Captain Thowp- 
fon Mafter, from Guineyy with ninety odd Neeroes 
which they took out of the Veflelj and -put on 
Board another Sloop then under the Command of 
one Teats^ his Confort, with 25 Men. This prov'd 

G for- 

98 Of Major StedE B017UET. 

fortunate to the Owners of the Guittey Man, for 
teats having often attempted to quit this Courfe 
of Life, took an Opportunity in the Night, to 
leave raf2e and to run into North-Edifto River, to 
the Southward of Charles-Town^ and furrendered to 
his Majefty's Pardon. The Owners got their Ne- 
groes, and Teats and his Men had Certificates given 
them from the Government. 

Vane cruifed fome Time off the Bar, in hopes to 
catch Teats^ and unfortunately for them, took two 
Ships coming out, bound to London^ and while the 
Prisoners were aboard, fome of the Pyrates gave 
out, that they defigned to go into one of the 
Rivers to the Southward. Colonel Rhet^ upon 
hearing this, failed over the Bar the 1 5th of Se^^ 
temher^ with the two Sloops before mentioned ^ and 
having the Wind Northerly, went after the Pyrate 
Vane^ and fcoured the Rivers and Inlets to the 
Southward •, but not meeting with him, tacked 
and flood for Cape Fear River, in Profecution of 
his firft Defign. On the 26th following, in the 
Evening, the Colonel with his fmall Squadron, 
entered the River, and law, over a Point of Land, 
three Sloops at an Anchor, which were Major Bonnet 
and his Prizes ; but it happened that in going up 
the River, the Pilot run the Colonel's Sloops aground, 
and it was dark before they were on Float, which 
hindered their getting up that Night. The Pyrates 
loon difcovered the Sloops, but not knowing who 
they were^ or upon what Defign they came into 
that River, they manned three Canoes, and lent 
them down to take them, but they quickly found 
their Miflake, and returned to the Sloop, with the 
unwelcome News. Major Bonnet made Preparations 
that Night for engaging, and took all the Men out 
of the Prizes. He ihewed Captain Manwaring^ one 
of his Prifoners, a Letter, he had jufl wrote, 
which he declared he would fend to the Governor 
-"^ of 

Of Major Stede Sonnet. g^ 

o? Carolina ^ the Letter was to this Effect, vItl. That 
if the Sloops, which then .-rPpeared, were fent out againjt 
hirrty by the [aid Govennr^ md he jJjould get cl:^r ojf^ 
that he would hum and dejlrcy all Ships or f^effeis crowg 
in or coming out of South-Care iina. The next Moni- 
ing they got under Sail, and came down the River, 
defigning only a running Fight. Colonel Rhefs 
Sloops got likewife under Sail, and flood for him, 
getting upon each Quarter of the Pyrate, with In- 
tent to board him *, which he perceiv* ng, edged in 
towards the Shore, and being warmly engaged, 
their Sloop ran a-ground : The Carolina Sloops 
being in the fame fhoal Water, were v.\ the fame 
Circumftances :; the Henry, in. which Colonel Rhet 
was, grounded within Piftol fhot of the Pyrate, aiid 
on his Bow ; the other Sloop grounded right a-head 
of him, and almoft out of Gun-Shot, which made 
her of little Service to the Colonel, while they 
lay a-ground. 

At this Time the Pyrate had a confiderable Ad- 
vantage ^ for their Sloop, after fhe was a-ground, 
lifted from Colonel Rhet% by which Means they 
were all covered, and the Colonel's Sloop lifting 
the fame Way, his Men were much expofed ^ not- 
withftanding which, they kept a brisk Fire the 
whole rime they lay thus a-ground, which was 
near five Hours. The Pyrates made a Wiffin their 
bloody Flag, and beckoned feveral Times with their 
Hats in Derifion to the Colonel's Men, to come 
on Board, which they anfwered with chearful Huz- 
za 's, and faid, that they would fpea\ with them by and 
by ; which accordingly happened, for the Colonel's 
Sloop being firft a float, he got into deeper Wa- 
ter, and after mending the Sloop's Rigging, which 
was much- fhattered in the Engagement, they 
ftood for the Pyrate, to give the ftniihing Stroke, 
-nnddefignedto go direftly on Boaf d him ^ which 
he prevented^ by fending a Flag of Truce, and 
^ Q z after 

lOo Of Major Stede Bonnet. 
after fome Time capitulating, they furreiidered 
themfelves Prifoners. The Colonel took PolTeilion 
of the Sloop, and was extreamly pleafed to find 
that Captain Thomas y who commanded her, was the 
individual Perfon of Major Stede Bonnet^ who had 
done them the Honour feveral Times to vifit their 
own Coaft of Carolina. 

There were killed in this A£lion, on Board the 
Hen-rj^ ten Men, and fourteen wounded ^ on Board 
the Sea Nymphy two killed and ^four wounded. The 
Officers and Sailors in both Sloops behaved them- 
selves with the* greateft Bravery •, and had not 
the Sloq|r^ fo unluckily run a-ground, they had 
taken the Pyrate with much lefs lofs ot Men ^ but 
as he defigned to get by them, and fo make a run- 
ning Fight, the Carolina Sloops were obliged to 
keep near him, to prevent his getting away. Of 
the Py rates there were feven killed and five wound- 
ed, two of which died foon after of their Wounds. 
Colonel Rhet weigh'd the 30th of September^ from 
Cape Fear River, and arrived at Charles-Town the 3d 
of OBohery to the great Joy of the whole Province 
of Carolina. 

Bonnet and his Crew, two Days after, were put 
afhore, and there not being a publick Prifbn, the 
Py rates were kept at the Watch-Houfe, under 
a Guard of Militia •, but Major Bonnet was com- 
mitted into the Cufiody of the Marfhal, at his 
Houfe •, and in a few Days after, David Harlot the 
Mailer, and 'Ignatius Tell the Boatfwain, who were 
defigned for Evidences againft the other Pyrates, 
were removed from the refl: ol the Crew, to the 
faid MarfhaPs Houfe, and every Kight two Cen- 
tinals fet about the faid Houfe ^ but whether thro' 
any Corruption, or want of Care lin guarding the 
Prifoners, 1 can't fay •, but on the 24th of Ociohery 
the Major and Harlot made their Efcape, the Boat- 
fwain ref ufmg to go along with them. This made 

a great 

Of Major Stede Eonnet. ioi 
a great Noile in the Province, and People were 
open in their Refentments, often refleOiing on the 
Governor, and others in the Magiftracy, as tho' 
they had been brib'd, for conniving at their 
Elcape. Thele InveO:ives arofe from their Fears, 
that Bonnet would be capable of raifuig another 
Company, and profecute his Revenge againft this 
Country, for what he had lately, tho' juftly, fuf- 
fered : But they were in a fliort Time made eafy 
in thole Refpefl:s *, for as loon as the Governor 
had the Account of Bonnet^s Efcape, he immedi- 
ately ilTued out a ^oclamation, and promiled a 
Reward of 700 Pounds to any thr.t would take him, 
and fent feveral Boats with armed Men, both to 
the Northward and Southward, in purfuit of him. 

Bonnet ftood to the Korthward, in a fmall Veffel, 
but wanting Neceflaries, and the Weather being 
bad, he was forced back, and lb return'd with his 
Canoe, to Swilllvants Ifland, near Charles-Town ^ to 
fetch Supplies ^ but there being fome Information 
fent to the Governor, he lent for Colonel Rhet^ 
and defired him to go in purfuit of Bonnet ^ and 
accordingly gave him a Commiilion for that Pur- 
pofe : Wherefore the Colonel, with proper Craft, 
and fome Men, went away that Kight for SwilU- 
vanfs Ifland, and, after a very diligent Seach, dis- 
covered Bonnet and Harlot together ; the Colonel's 
Men fired upon them, and killed Harlot upon the 
Spot, and wounded one Kegro and an Indian. Bon- 
net fubmitted, and furrender'd himfelf; and the 
next Morning, being No'vemher the 6th, was brought 
by Colonel Rhet to Charles-Town^ and, by the Gover- 
nor's Warrant, was committed into lafe Cuftody, 
in order for his being brought to hisTryal. 

On the 28th of dthber^ 171S, a Court of Vice- 
Admiralty was held at Charles-Town^ in Sonth-Caro^ 
llnay and, by feveral Adjournments, continued to 
W ednefday^ the 12th of November follow iiig, for 

G 3 the 

J02 Of Major Stede Bonnet. 

the Tryal of the Py rates taken in a Sloop former- 
ly called the Revenge^ but afterwards ^^e Roydjamesy 
before Nicholas Troty Efq-, Judge of the Vice-Admi- 
ralty, and Chief Juftice of the faid Province of South' 
Carolina^ and other Affiftant Judges. 

The King^s Commiilion to Judge Trot was read, 
and a Grand Jury fworn, for the finding of the fe- 
veral Bills, and a learned Charge given them by 
the faid Judge, wherein he ift fhewed. That the Se^ 
wa^' given by Gody for the Vfe of Men^ and is SuhjeB to 
I)omtnion and Property y as well as the Land, 

2dly, He particularly remark'd to them, the So-- 
verelgnty of the King of England over the Britifh 

3dly, He obferved, that as Commerce and Naviga- 
tion could not be carried on without Laws \ fo there have 
been always particular Laws^ for the better ordering and 
regulating marine Jffairs ; with an hiftorical Account 
of thole Laws, and Origine. 

4thly, He proceeded to ihew, that there have been 
particular Courts and Judges appointed \ to whofe Jurifdi- 
^ion maritime Caufes do belo?jgy and that in Matters both 
Civil and CriminaL 

And then 5thly, He particularly Shewed them, 
the Conftitution and JuriJdiUion of that Court of Admi^ 
ralty Sejfions, 

^ And laftly, the Crimes cognizable therein *, and par- 
ticularly enlarged upon the Crime of Pyracy^ which 
was then brought before them. 

The Indictments being found, a petit Jury was 
fworn, and the following Perfons arraigned and 

Stede Bonnety ah'as Edwards, alias Thomas, late of 
JBarbadoesy Mariner. 

Roherp Tucker, late of the Ifl^nd of Jamaica, Ma^ 


Of Major STEVE BONNET. ^ 105 

Edward Robinforty late oi New-Caftle upon Tme^ Ma- 

Neal Taterforty late of Aherdeerty Mariner. 

William Scoty late of Jberdeerty Mariner. 

William Eddy^ alias Neddy^ late of Aherdeerty Ma-- 

Alexander Annandy late of 'jamaicay Mariner. 

George Rofcy late ofGlafcowy Mariner. 

George Dunkiriy late of GlafcoWy Mariner. 

^ Thomas Nicholas y late of Londotiy Mariner. 

"John RidgCy late of Londoriy Mariner. 

Matthew Kingy late of Jamaicay Mariner. 

Daniel Perry y i2ite of Guernfeyy Mariner. 

Henry f^trgiriy late of Brifloly Mariner. 

James Robbins^ alias RattUy late of Londotiy Ma- 

^ y^wf/ i^-j///<f/-, alias Millety late of Z.o;?^(?», Ma- 

Thomas TricCy late of Brifloly Mariner, 

Jamfs Wilforiy late of Dubliriy Mariner. 

John Lopez^y late of Oporto y Mariner. 

Zachariah Longy late of the Province of Holland^ 

Job Bayly y late of Londony Mariner. 

John-William Smithy late of Charles-TowHy Carolina^ 

Thomas Carmany late of Maidflone in iC^»f, Ma- 

John Thomasy late of Jamaicay Mariner. 

William Morrifony late of Jamaicay Mariner. 

Samuel Boothy late of Charles-Towny Mariner. 

William Hewety late of Jamaica^ Mariner. 

John Levity late of North-Carolina^ Mariner. 

William Liver Sy alias Evis. 

John Brierlyy alias Timberheady late of Bath-Town in 
North-Carolinay Mariner. 

Robert Boydy late of Bath-Town aforefaid, Ma- 

G A ^ Rorp* 

104 Of Major StEDE BONNET. 

* Eowland Sharpy of Bath-Toivriy Mariner. 

^ Jonathan Clarke^ late ot Charles-Town^ South Caroli' 
ndy Miriner. 

^ Thomas Gerrard^ late o^ Antegoa^ Mariner. 

And all, except the three laft, and Thomas Nkho- 
lasj were found Guilty, and received Sentence of 

They were mofl of them try'd upon two Indi^- 
ments, as ioUows. 

THE Jurors for our Sovereign Lord the Kingj do Tip- 
on their Oath prefenty that Stede Bonnet, late 
cf Barbadoes, Mariner^ Robert Tucker, &c. &c. 
The id Day 0/ Ajguft, in the fifth Tear of the Reign 
of our Sovereign Lord George, &:c. By Force of Arms 
upon the High-Sea^ in a certain Vlace called Cape James, 
&c. did pyraticatyy and fellonionjly fet upon^ hreah^ 
hoardy and enter^ a certain Merchant Sloops called the 
Frances, PeterManwaring Commander^ hy Forces &c. 
^tpon the Hgh-Seay in a certain Place^ called Cape James, 
alias Cape Inlope'i, about two Miles difiant from the 
Shore y in the Lattitude of ^Py or thereabouts '^ and within 
the Jurifdiclion of the Court of J^ice- Admiralty y c/ South- 
Carolina, being a Sloop of certain TerfonSy (to the Ju^ 
rorSy unknown^ and theny and there y pyraticalfyy and fello- 
nioufly did make An Affault^ ?>, and upon the faid Peter 
Man waring, and others his Mariner Sy (whofe Names to 
the Jurors afore faid y are unknown y) in the fanfie Sloops 
afainfi the Peace of God, and of our faid now Sovereign 
Ijord the King^ theny and there heingy pyraticaty and fel- 
loniouflyy did put the aforefaid Peter Manwaring, and 
othersy his Mariner Sy of the fame Sloop y in the Sloop 
rforcfaidy then heingy in corporal Fear of their LiveSy then 
and there, in the Sloop aforefaidy upon the High-Sea, in 
the Vlace aforefaidy called Cape James, alias Cape In- 
lopen, about two Miles from the Shorey in the Lattitude 
of 39, or thereabout Sy as aforefaidy and within the Jurif- 
fliclion aforefaid , pyratically^ ^nd fellonioujlyy did fiealy 


Of Major Stede Bonnet. 105 

take, and carry away the [aid Merchant Slooj>^ called th^ 
Frances, a7id alfo twenty fix Hogjheadsy &c. &c. &c- 
being found in the aforefald Sloops in the Cuftody and Pojfef^ 
fio'n of the faid Peter Manwaring, and others^ his Mari^ 
tiers of the faid Sloops and from their Cuflody and Pojfef" 
fiony then and there ^ upon the High -Sea aforefaidy called 
Cape James, alias Cape Inlopen, as aforefaidy and 
within the furifdiElion aforefaidy againft the Peace of 
our now Sovereign Lord the Kingy his Crown and 

This was the Form of the Indictments they were 
arraigned upon, and tho' they might have proved 
feveral more Fa£l:s upon the major Part of the 
Crew, the Court thought fit to profecute but two • 
the other was for fei' in a pyratical and felonious 
Manner, the Sloop Fortuney Tljomas Read Commander ; 
which Indidment running in the fame Form with 
the above-mentioned, it will be unnecelTary to fay- 
more of it. 

AH the Prifoners arraigned, pleaded Not Guilty, 
and put themfelves upon their Tryals, except James 
WilfoHy and John Levity who pleaded Guilty to 
both Indidments, and Daniel Perry, to one only. 
The Major would have gone through both theln- 
diftments at once, which the Court not admitting, 
he pleaded Not Guiltv to both Indictments, but 
being convicted of one, he retracted his former 
Plea to the fecond Indictment, and pleaded Guil- 
ty to it. 

The Prifbners made little or no Defence, every 
one pretending only that they were taken off a 
Maroon Shore, and were fhipped with Major 
Bonnet to go to St. Thomas''^ \ but being out at Sea, 
and wanting Provifions, they were obliged to do 
what they did by others ^ and fo did Major Bon- 
net himfelf, pretend that 'twas Force, not Incli- 
nation, that occaiioned what had happened. How- 

io6 Of Major Stede Bonnet. 

ever, the Fads being plainly proved, and that 
they had all ihared ten or eleven Pounds a Man, 
excepting the three laft, and Thomas Nichols^ they 
were all but they, found Guilty. The Judge made 
a very grave Speech to them, fetting forth the £- 
twrmity of their Crimes y the Condition they were now iny 
and the Nature and Nece[fity of an unfeigned Repentance j 
and then recommended them to the Minifters of 
the Province, for more ample Direftions, to fit 
them for Eternity, for (concluded he) the Trieft's 
Lips jhall keep Knowledge^ and you Jhall feek the Law at 
their Mouths ^ for they are the Meffengers of the Lord. 
Mat. IL 57. And the jimhaffadors of Chrift, and unto 
them is committed the Word for Doftrine] of Reconci^ 
liation^ 2 Cor. V. 19. 20. And then pronounced Sen- 
tence of Death upon them. 

On Saturday November the 8th, 1711. Robert Tucker^ 
Edward Roblnfony Neal Paterfon, William Scot, Job 
Bayley^ JohnWilliam Smith, John Thomas, William 
Morrifon, Samuel Booth, William Hewit, William Eddy^ 
ah'as Neddy, Alexander Annand, George Rofs, George 
Dunlin, Matthew King, Daniel Terry, Henry Virginj 
James Robblns, James Mullet, alias Millet, Thomas 
Trice, John Lopez^, and Zachariah Long, were executed 
at the White-Toint near Charles-Town, purfuant to their 

As for the Captain, his Efcape protrafted his 
Fate, and fpun out his Life a few Days longer, for 
he was try'd the loth, and being found Guilty, 
received Sentence in like Manner as the former ^ 
before which Judge Trot, made a moft excellent 
Speech to him, rather fomewhat too long to be 
taken into our Hiflory, yet I could not tell how to 
pafsbyTo good and ufeful a Piece of Inftru^tion, 
not knowing whofe Hands this Book may happen ta 
fall into. 


Of Major Stbde Bonnet. 107 

The Lord Chief Jujlices^s Speech, 
upon his fronounctYig Sentence on Major 
Stede Bonne t* 

MAjor Stede Bonnet^ you ftand here convi£led 
upon two Indiaments of Pyracy •, one by 
the Verdid of the Jury, and the other by your own 

Alcho' you were indided but for two Fads, yet 
you know that at your Tryal it was fully proved 
even by an unwilling Witnefs, that you fyratically 
took and rifled no lefs than thirteen Vellels, fuice 
you faiPd from North-Carolina, 

So that you might have been indlded, and con- 
vidiQd o^ eleven more Ads of Tyracy^ fmce you took 
the Benefit of the King's j^Eh ofGrace^ and pretended 
to leave that wicked Courfe of Life. 

Not to mention the many Jots of Pyracy you 
committed before *, for which if your Pardon from 
Man was never fo authentick, yet you muft exped 
to anfwer for them before God. 

You know that the Crimes you have committed 
are evil in themfelves, and contrary to the Light 
and Law of Nature^ as well as the Law of God, by 
which you are commanded that you fiall not ftealy 
Exod. 20. 15. And the Apoflle St. P^«/ exprefly 
affirms, That Thieves jlmll not inherit the Kingdom of 
Cody 1 Cor. 6. TO. 

But to Theft you have added a greater Sin, which 
is Afu^der. How many you may have killed of thole 
that refifted you in the committing your former 
Tyraciesy 1 know not : But this we all know. That 
befides the Wounded, you kill'd no lefs than eighteen 
Perfons out of thofe that vvere fcnt by lavvful Au- 
' ' tho* 

I08 Of Major St ED E BONNET. 

thority to fupprefs you, and j)ut a Stop to thofe 
Rapines that you daily aded. 

And however you may fancy that that was killing 
Men fairly in open Fight, yet this know, that the 
Power of the Srvord-not being committed into your 
Hands by any lawful Authority, you were not im- 
powered to ufe any Force, or figk any one; and 
therefore thofe Perfons that fell in ^ that Action, in 
doing their Duty to their King and Country, were 
murdered, and their Blood now cries out for Fen^ 
geance and Jufiice againft you : For it is th.Q J^olce of 
Nature, confirmed bv the Law of God, That whofoever 
Jljeddeth Man s Blood, by Man jliall his Blood he Jhed. 
Gen. 9. 6^ 

And confider that Death is not the only Puniih- 
ment due to Murderers ', for they are threatened to 
hzve their Part in the Lah which hurneth with Fire and 
Brlmjfone, which is the fecond Death, Rev. 21. 8. See 
Cha^. 22. 15. Words which carry that Terror 
with them, that confi(^ering your Circumftances 
and your Guilt, furelythe Sound ot them muft 
make you tremble;, For who can dwell with everlafl-- 
ing Burnings? Chap. 33. 14. 

As the Tefilrnony ot your Confclence muft convince 
you of the great and many Evils you have com- 
mitted, by which you have highly offended God, 
and provoked moft juftly his Wrath and Indigna- 
tion againft you, fo I fuppole I need not tell you 
that the only Way of obtaining Pardon and Remit- 
fion of your Sins from God, is by a true and un- 
feigned Repentance and Faith in Chrift, by whofe 
meritorious Death and Pailxon, you can only hope 
for Salvation. 

You being a Gentleman that have had the Ad- 
vantage of a liberal Education, and being generally 
efteemed a Man of Letters, I believe it will be need- 
lefs for me to explain to you the Nature of Repen- 

Of Major Stede Bonnet. 109 

farice and Faith in Chrift, they being lb fully and 
fo often mentioned in the Scriptures, that you can- 
not but know them. And therefore, perhaps, for 
thatReafon it might be thought by lonie impro- 
per for me to have faid fo much to you, as I have 
already upon this Occafion •, neither fhould I have 
done it, but that confidering the Courfe of your 
Life and Actions, 1 have juft Reafon to fear, that 
the Principles of Religion that had been inflilled 
into you by your .Education^ have been at leaft 
corrupted, if not entirely defaced, by the ScepH- 
cifm and Infidelity of this wicked Age ^ and that 
what Time you allowed for Study, was rather ap- 
plied to the Tolite Literature ^ and the vain Vhilofofhy o'z 
the Times, than a ferious Search after the Law and 
Willo^ God, as revealed unto us in, the Holy Scrip- 
tures : For had your Delight been in the Law of the Lordy 
and that you had meditated therein Day and Nighty Pfal. 
1 . 2. you would then have found that God's Word 
voa4 a Lamp unto your Feety and a Light to your Pathy 
Pfal. 119. 105. and that you would account all 
other Knowledge but Lo/}, in Comparifon of the 
Excellency of the Knowledge of Chrift Jefus^ Phil. 3. 8. 
who to them that are called is the Tower of Godj and the 
Wifdom of God y I Cor. i. 24. even the hidden Wifdom 
•which God ordained before the World j Chap. 2. 7. 

You would then have efleemed the Scriptures as 
the Great Charter of Heaven, and which delivered 
to us not only the mofl perfeO: Laws and Rules of 
Life, but alfo difcovered to us the A8:s of Tardon 
from God, wherein they have offended thofe righte- 
ous Laws : For in them only is to be found the great 
Myftery of fallen Man's Redemption^ which the Angels 
defire to look intOy I Pet. 1.12. 

And they would have taught you that Sin is.jjie 
debafmg o^ Human NaturCy as being a Derivation from 
that Furityy RcUitudcy and Hollnefsy in which God 


no Of Major Stede Bonnet, 

created us , and that Virtue and Religion^ and walk* 
ing by the Laws of God, were altogether preferable 
to the Ways of Sin and Satan -^ for that the Ways of 
Virtue are Ways of Pleafantnefsy and all their Paths are 
Teace^ Prov. 3. 17. 

But what you could not learn from God's Word, 
by reafon of your carelejly^ or but fufeyficially con- 
fidering the fame, I hope the Courfe of his Pro- 
vidence^ and the prefent AffliEhions that he hath laid 
upon you, hath now convinced you of the fame : 
For however in your leeming Profperity you might 
make a Mock at your Sins Prov. 3. 17. yet now 
that you lee that God's Hand hath reached you, 
and brought you to publick Juftice, I hope your 
prefent unhappy Circumftances hath made you 
ferioufly refied upon your paft A£tions and Courfe 
of Life •, and that you are now fenfible of the Great- 
iiels of your Sins, and that you find the Burden of 
them is intolerable. 

And that therefore being thus labouring^ and heavy 
laden with Sin, Mat. 11. 28. you will efteem that 
as the moft valuable Knowledge y that can ihew 
you how you can be reconciled to that Supreme 
God that you have fo highly offended ^ and that 
can reveal to you Him who is not only the power- 
ful Advocate with the Father for youj 1 John 2. i* 
but alfo who hath paid that Debt that is due for 
your Sins by his own Death upon the Crofs for 
you •, and thereby made full Satisfaction for the Ju- 
ftice of God. And this is to be found no where 
but in God's Word, which difcovers to us thac 
Lamb of God which tales away the Sins of the World, 
John T . 29. which is ChriFir the Son of God : For 
this know, and be affured, that there is none other 
Name under Heaven given among Men, whereby we mu^ 
he faved, Ad:s ^, 12. but only by the Name of the 
Lord Jefjis. 


Of Major Stede Bonnet. m 

But then confider how he invites all Sinners to 
come unto him, and, that he will^he them rfi7,'Matt. 
II. 28. for he afTures us, that he came to feel andtn 
favethat which wa^ loft, Luke 19. 10, Mat. 18. 11. 
and hath promifed, that he that cometh mto hlm^ he 
voill in no wife caHr outy John 5. 37. 

So that it no^f you will fmcerely turn to him, 
tlio' late, even at the eleventh Hour^ Mat. 20. d, 9. 
he will receive you. 

But furely I need not tell you, that the Terms of 
his Mercy is taith and Repentance, 

And do not miftake the Nature of Repentance 
to be only a bare Sorrow for your Sins, ariling fromi 
the Conlideration of the Evil and Punijljment they 
have now brought upon you ; but your Sorrow 
muft arile from the Confideration of your having 
offended a gracious and merciful God. 

But I Ihall not pretend to give you any particu- 
lar Dire£lions as to the Nature of Repentance : I 
confider that I fpeak to a Perlbn, whole Offences 
have proceeded not fo much from his not knowings 
as his flighting and negleSling his Duty : Neither is 
it proper for me to give Advice out of the Way of 
my owfi Profeflion. 

You may have that better delivered to you by 
thofe who have made Divinity their particular 
Study •, and who, by their Knowledge, as well as 
their OfRcCy as being the Ambaffadors ofChriff^ 2 Cor. 
5. 20. are beft qualified to give you Inftruclions 

I only heartily wifh, that what, in Compailion 
to your Soul, I have now faid to you upon this 
fad and folemn Occafion, by exhorting you in ge- 
neral to Faith and Repentance^ may have that due 
Effeft upon you, that thereby you may become a 
true Penitent* 

And therefore having now difcharged my Duty 
to you as a Chrifiian^ by giving you the bell Coun- 


112 Of Major Stede Bonnet. 

fel I can, with refpefl: to the Salvation of your Soul, 
I muft now do my Office as a Judge. 

The Sentence that the Law hath appointed to pais 
upon you for your Offences^ and which this Court 
doth therefore award, is. 

That youy the [aid Stede Bonnet, fhall go from hence 
to the Place from whence you came^ and from thence to 
the Place of Execution^ where you flmll he hanged by the 
Neel till you are dead. 

And the Cod of infinite Mercy be merciful to your SouL 




O F 

Capt. Edward England^ 

And his Crew. 

EDward England \^ent Mate of a Sloop that fail'd 
out of Jamaica^ and was taken by Captain 
Winter^ a Pyrate, juft before their Settle- 
ment at Providence \ from whence England had the 
Command of a Sloop in the fame laudable Em- 
ployment : It is furprizing that Men of good Un- 
derflanding ihould engage in a Courfe of Life, that 
fo much debafes humane Nature, and lets them 
upon a Level with the wild Beafts of the Foreft 
who live and prey upon their weaker Fellow 
Creatures : A Crime fo enormous ! That it includes 
almoft all others, as Murder, Rapine, Theft, In- 
gratitude, &c. and tho' they make thefe Vices fa- 
miliar to them by their d-iily Practice, yet thele 
Men are fo inconfiftent with themfelves, that a Re- 
flection made upon their Honour, their Juftice or 
their Courage, is look'd upon as an Orfence that 
ought to be punifhed with the Life of him that 
commits it : England was one of theie Men wjio 
feem'd to have fiich a Share of Reafon, as ihould 
have taught hiii^ better Things. He had a great 
deal of good N<^t?ure, and did not want for Cou- 

H rage ^ 

114 Of Capt. England. 

rage ^ he tvas not avaritious, and always averfe to 
the ill Ufage Priibners received: He would have 
been contented with moderate Plunder, and leis 
milchievous Pranks, could his Companions have 
been brought to the fame Temper, but he was ge- 
nerally over-rul'd, and as he was engaged in that 
abominable Society, he was obliged to be a Partner 
in all their vile A^lions. 

Captain England faiPd to the Coafl: of Africa^ af- 
ter the Ifland of Providence was fettled by the Eng- 
lljh Government, and the Py rates fur rendered to 
his Majefty's Proclamation •, and took feveral Ships 
and Veffels, particularly the Cadogan Snow belong- 
ing to Briftoly 2Lt Sierraleoney one Skinnet Mafter, who 
was inhumanly murthered by fome of the Crew, 
that had lately been his own Men, and ferved in 
the faid Velfel. It leems fbme Quarrel had hap- 
pened between them, fo that Skinner thought fit 
to remove thefe Fellows on Board of a Man of 
War, and at the f^me Time refufed them their 
Wages •-, not long after they found Means to defert 
that Service, and fliipping themlelves aboard a 
Sloop in the We fi- Indie Sy was taken by a Pyrate^ 
and brought to Providence, and failed upon the fame 
Account along with Captain England. 

Affoon as Skinner had ftruck to the Pyrate, h^ 

,was ordered to come on Board in his Boat, which 

he did, and the Perfon that he firft caft his Eye 

upon, proved to be his old Boatfwain, who ftar'd 

him in the Face like his evil Genius, and acco- 

fied him in this Manner. Ah^ Caftain Skinner ! 

Is it you ? The only Man J wiped to fee *, / am much 
in your Deht^ and now I Jhall fay you all in your ow» 

The poor Man trembled every Joint, when he 
found into what Company he ha^ fallen, and drea- 
ded the Event, as he had Reafon ^KiOugh fo to do ; 
for the Boatfwain immediately cnjled to his Con- 

OfCapu Englanv. kii 

fovt^y laid hold of the Cpptaln, and made him faft 
to the Windlefs, and there pelted him with Glaf^ 
Bottles, which cut him in a fad Manner ^ after 
which they whipped him about the Deck^ till they 
were weary, being deaf to all his Prayers and In- 
treaties, and at laft, becaufe he had be^il a good 
Mafter to his Men,' they faid, he ihould have an 
eafy Death, and fo ihot him thro' the Head. They 
took fome few Things out of the SnCw, but gav<5 
the Veffel and all her Cargo to Howel Davis the 
Mate, and the reft of the Crew, as will be hereaf- 
ter mentioned in th6 Chapter of Captain Davis* 

Captain England took a Ship called the Fedrl, Cap- 
tain Tyz,ard Commander, for which he exchanged 
his own Sloop, fitted her up for the pyratical Ac- 
count, and new cliriften'd her, the Royal Jame^^ with 
which he took feveral Ships and Vellels of dif^ 
ferent Nations at the Atores and Cape de Verd, 

In the Spring, 171 p, the Rovers returned to 
'Africa^ and beginning at the River Gamhia^ failed 
all down the Coaft •, and between that and Cape Corfo^ 
took the following Ships and Veirels. 

The Eagle Pink, Captain Rickets COmfnander be- 
longing to Corli^ taken the 25th of March, having 6 
Guns and 17 Men on Board, fev^en of which turned 
Py rates. . 

The Charlotte y Captain Oldfon^ o^Lot7ddrjy taken May 
the 26th, having 8 Guns and i& Men on Board, 13 
of which turned Py rates. 

The Sarah y Captain Stunt ^ o^ Londoriy taken the 27th 
of May J having 4 Guns and 18 Men on Board, 3 of 
which turned Pyrates. 

The Bemworthy Captain Gardener^o^ JSriftolj takeii 
the 27th of May^ havkig 1 2 Guns and 3'o Men on 
Board, 12 of which turned Pyrates. 

S 2 Th^ 

1 16 Of Capt. England^ 

The Buck Sloop, Captain Syhefter^ o^Camhi/i, taken 
the 2'^th.ot May,^ i Guns and 2 Men on Board, 
and both turned Pyrates. 

The Carteret J Captain SnoWj of London^ taken the 
28th of May^ having 4 Guns and 18 Men on Board, 5 
of which turned Pyrates. 

The ^T/(?rcttryj Captain Maggot ty of L<7»^o^, taken the 
29th of Mayy having 4 Gun? and 18 Men on Board, 
5 of which turned Pyrates. 

The CjirWGalley, Captain Creed^ of London ^ taken 
the 17th of Jur^Cy having 2 Guns and 13 Men on 
Board, 4 of which turned Pyrates. 

The Elizjtheth and Rather Ine^ Captain Bridge of Bar- 
hadoesytdken "June the 27th, having (5 Guns and 14 
JMen on Board, 4 of which turned Pyrates. 

The Eagle Pink being bound to "Jamaicay the Sarah 
to Virginiay and the Buck to Maryland^ they let them 
go, but the Charlotte y the Bentvoorthy the Carteret y and 
the Coward Galley, they burnt-, and the Mercury, 
and the Eliz,abeth and Katherine were fitted up for 
Pyrate Ships, the former was new nam'd Queen 
Anris Revengey and commanded by one Lane, and 
the other was calPd the Flying -King, of which Ro^ 
hert Sample was appointed Captain. Theie two left 
England upon the Coaft, faiPd to the We fl- Indies^ 
where they took fome Prizes, clean'd, and fail'd to 
Brafil m No^jcmher ^ they took feveral Tortuguefe 
Ships there, and did a great deal of Mifchief, but 
in the height of their Undertakings, a Tortuguefe 
Man of War, which was an excellent Sailor, came 
y very iniwelcome Gueft to them, and gave them 
Chace :, the Queen Anns Revenge got oif, but was 
loll a little while after upon that Coafl *, and the 
riying King, giving her (elf over for loft, ran afliore : 
There were, then 70 Men on Board, 1 2 of which 
were kilPd, and the reft taken Prifoners, of;\xfhom 
thti Portuguefe ImiQj'd ^Sy of which 32 were Engl.JJjy 


OfCapt. England. 117 

three Dutch^ two French^ and one ot their own 

E?igl(mdy in going down the Coaft, took the Peter- 
borough Galley of Brifloly Captain Owen ; and the f^i- 
^<?ry^ Captain Ridout •, the former they detained, 
but plundered the latter, and let her go. In Cafe 
Corfo Road, they faw two Sail at Anchor, but be- 
fore they could reach them, they flipp'd their Ca- 
bles and got clofe under Cafe Corfo Caftle, thefe were 
the Whydahy Captain Prince ^ and the John^ Captain 
Jluier : The Pyrates upon this made a fire Ship of 
a VefTel they had lately taken, and attempted to 
burn them, as tho' they had been a common Ene- 
my, which if effected, they could not have been 
one Farthing the better for it •, but the Caftle fir- 
ing warmly upon them, they withdrew, and fail'd 
down to li^ydah Road, where they found another 
Pyrate, one Captain la Boucher who getting thither 
before E^^land arrived, had foreftall'd the Market, 
and greatly difappointed their Brethren. 

Captain Englavdy after this Baulk, went into a 
Harbour, clean'd his own Ship, and fitted up the 
Peterborough y which he calFd the yi^hory \ they liv'd 
there very wantonly for feveral Weeks, making 
free with the Negroe Women, and committing 
fach outragious Ad's, that they came to an open 
Rupture with the Katives, feveral of whom they 
kill'd, and one of their Towns they fet on Fire. 

When the Pyrates came out to Sea, they put it 
to a Vote what Voyage to take, and the Majority 
carrying it for the Eafi- Indies^ they ihap'd their 
Courfe accordingly, and arrived at Madagafcary the 
Beginning of the Year 1720. They ftaid not long 
there, but after taking in Warer and Provifions, 
fail'd for the Coaft of Malabar ^ which is a fine fruit- 
ful Country in the Eafi-hdies, m the Empire of 
the Moguly but immediately fubje^t to its own Prin- 
ces : It; reaches from the Coaft of Canara, to Cafe 

H 3 Camoz 

ii8 OfCapt. England. 

Camorirj^ which is between 7^ 30, and 12^ North 
Latiitude^ and in about 75^ Eaft Longitude, coun^ 
ting from the Meridian of London. The old Na- 
tives are Pagans, but there are a great Number of 
Mahometans inhabiting among them, who are Mer- 
chants, and generally rich. On the lame Coaft, but 
in a province to the Northward lies Goaj Surat^ Bom" 
bay^ where the EngVjhy Dutchy and Fortuguefe have 

Hither oui* Pyrates came, having made a Tour 
of hnlf the Globe, as the Plalmift fays of the De- 
vils, Going about llh roaring Lions ^ feehing whom they 
might devour. They took feveral Country Ships, 
that is, Indian VefTels, and one European, a Dutch 
Ship, which they exchanged for one of their own, 
and chert came back to Madagafcar. 
' They fent feveral of their Hands on Shore with 
Tents, Powder, and Shot, to kill Hogs, Venifon, 
^nd fueh other frefh Provifion as the Ifland afforded, 
and a Whim came into their Heads to feek out for 
the Remains of jivery\ Crew, whom they knew to 
be fettled fomewhere in the Ifland. •^— - Accor- 
dingly fome of them travelfd feveral Days Jour- 
pey, without hearing any Intelligence of them, and 
fb were forc'd to return with the Lofs of their La- 
bour, for thefe Men were fettled on the other Side 
o? the Ifland, as has been taken Notice of under the 
Chapter of Avery. 

They il:ay'd not long here, after they had clean'd 
their Ships, but failing to Juanna ^ they met two 
$nglijh, and one Ofiend India Men, coming out of 
that Harbour, one of which, after a defperate Re- 
Hftance, they took •, the Particulars of which A£Hon 
ip at length related in the following Letter, wrote 
!>y the Captain from Bomhayo 

A Let- 

Of Capt. England. 119 

A LETTER from Czi^mn Mackra^ dated at 
Bombay^ Nov. 16, 1720. 

WE arrived the 2'^th of July laBy in Comfany of 
the Greenwich, at Juanna, (an Jfimd not far 
from Madagalcar) putting in there to refreJJj our Men<^ 
we found fourteen Pyrates that came in their Canoes from 
the iMayocta, where the Pyrate Ship to which they he^ 
long dy viz. the Indian Queen, two hundred and ffty TonSy 
twenty eight GunSy and ninety Men^ commanded hy Capt, 
Oliver de la Bouche, bound from the Guinea Coaft to the 
Eafi- Indies, had been bulged and loft. They faid they left 
the Captain and 40 of their Men building a new Veffel to 
proceed on their wichd Defign. Capt. Kirby and I conclu- 
ding it might be of great Service to the Eaft-India Company 
to deftroy fuch a Ncfl of Rogue s^ were ready to fail for that 
Purpofe the I'jth of Augult, about Eight 0^ Clock in the 
Mornings when we difcovered two Pyrate Ships ftanding 
into the Bay of Juanna, one of thirty four ^ and the other of 
thirty Guns, I immediately went on Board the Greenwich, 
where they feem'd very diligent in Preparations for an En- 
gagementj and 1 left Capt, Kirby with mutual Promifes of 
ftandlng by each other, I then unmoor'^dy got tinder Sail^ 
and brought two Boats a-headto row me clofe to the Green- 
wich ^ but he being open to a P^alley and a Breez^Cy 
made the be ft of his Way from me ^ which an O (tender in 
our Company y of 11 GunSj feeing^ did the fame^ though 
the Captain had promifed heartily to engage with uSy and 
I believe would have been as good as his Word^ if Capt, 
Kirby had kept his. About half an Hour after Twelve ^ 1 
Citlled feveral times to the Greenwich to bear down to our 
AJfiftancey and fir d Shot at him^ but to no Purpofe, For tho^ 
we did not doubt but he would join ns^ becaufe when he got 
about a League from uSy he brought his Ship tOy and looked 
oVy yet both he and the Ofteader bafely deferted nSy and 
left US engaged with barbarous and iyihuman Enemies^ with 

H 4 their 

I20 Of Capt. England. 

their hLtck and bloody Flags hanging over us^ without the 
leaft yiffearance of efcapng being cut to Pieces, But God^ 
in his good Providence J determin'^d otherwife -^ for notwith" 
fianding their Superiority , we engaged em both about thre2 
Hcursj during which ^ the h'ggeft received fome Shot betwixt 
Wind andW^iter^ w.hich made her keep off a lit rh to flop 
her Leaks* "The other ende^avourcd all flie could to hoard 
jiSy by rowing with her Oars^ being within half a Slolp^s 
Lsngth of us above an Hour \ but by good Fortune we foot 
all her Oars to Pieces j which prevented them^ and by con" 
fequence faved our Lives ^ 

About Four o' Clocky moB of the Officers and Men 
pofted on the Quarter-Deck being killed and woundedy, the 
larae^ Ship making up to us with all Diligence ^ being ftill 
within a Cable's Length of us ^ often giving us a Broadfide^ 
and no hopes of Capt. Kirby'j coming to our Ajfifiancej we 
endeavoured to run aflwar \ and tho^ we drew four Foot Wa- 
ter more than the Fy rate y it pleafed God that he fiuck fafi 
on a higher Ground than we happily fell in with j fo was 
dlfappolnted a fccond time from boarding m. Here we 
had a more violent Engagement than before. AH my Of- 
ficer s^ and mofi of my Men^ behaved with..unexpeU:ed Cou^ 
racre ^ and as we had a confiderahlc Advantage by having a 
■Broadfide to his BoWy we did him great Damage y fo that 
had Capt. Kir by come in theny I believe we fhould have 
taken bothy for we had cne of them fur e •, but the other Py- 
rate (who was (till filing at us) feeing the Greenwich did 
not offer to affJt usy Ixs fupplied his Confort with three 
J^oats full of fycf(] Men. About Five in the Evening the 
Greenwich flood clear away to Seay leaving its ftruggling 
hard for Life in the very Jaws of Death ^ which the other 
'Pyratey that was afloaty feeingy get a-warp outy and was 
hauling under cur Stern ^ by which time many of my Men 
being killed, and wounded y and no Hopes left us from being 
all murdered by enraged ba/barous Conquer or Sy I order'^d ail 
that CJuld^ to get into the Long-Boat under the Cover of the 
^moak of our Guns *, fo that with what fome did in BoatSy 
^nd, others by jwlmmingy mo ft of ns that were able got a^, 


Of Capt. England. 121 

Pwar by Sever: 0^ Clock. When the Pyrates came aboard, 
they cut three of our wounded Men to Pieces, /, with a 
fen? of my People^ made what hafie I could to the King's- 
Town*, twenty five Miles from us^ where I arrived next 
Day^ altnoft dead with Fatigue a^id Lofs of Bloody having 
been forcly wounded in the Head by a. Aimket Ball. 

At this Town I heard that the Pyrates had offered ten 
thoufand Dollars to the Country People to bring me in^ which 
many of them would have accepted^ only they knew the 
King and all his chief People were in my IntsreB. . Mean 
time^ Icaufed a Report to be ff ready that I was dead of my 
Woundsy which much abated, their Fury. About ten Days 
after y being pretty well recovered^ and hoping the Malice 
of our Enemies was nigh oijer^ I began to confider the difr 
mal Condition we were r%iuced tOy being in a Place where 
we had no Hopes of getting a Pajfge home^ all of us in a 
manner naked, net having had Tme to get another Sfjirt^^ 
or a Pair of Shoes. 

Having obtained Leave to go on Board the Pyrates, and 
a Promije of Safety^ fever al of the Chief of them knew me, 
and fome of them had failed with me, which 1 found of 
great Advanta:^ ^ becaufe, notwithflanding their Promife, 
fome of them would have cut me, and all that would not 
enter with them, to pieces, had it not been for the chief 
Captain, Edward England, and fome others I knew. They 
talked of burning one of their Ships, which we had fo entire- 
ly difahled, as to be no farther ufeful to them, and to pt the 
Caifandra in her room \ but in the End I managed my Tack 
fo well, that they made me a Prefent of the faid jhatt^red 
Ship, which was Dutch built, called the Fancy, about three 
hundred Tons, and alfo a hundred and twenty nine Bales of 
the Company s Cloth, tho^ they would not give me a Rag 
of my Cloathes. 

They failed the ^d of September ', and with Jury-Mafls, 
and fuch old Sails as they left me, I made jjjift to do the 
like on the ^th, together with forty three of my Ship^s 
Crew, including two Pafftngers and twelve S j Idler s, haz>ing 
bift five T<^ns of Water aboard 3 and after a Paffage of 


122 Of Capt. England. 

forty eight Daysy I arrived here O£i:ober 26, atmoFh naked 
andftarv^dy harj'mg been reduced to a Pint of Water a Dajj 
And almoFh in def^air of ever feeing Land, byReafon of the 
Calms we met with between the CoaB of Arabia and Mala- 
bar. We had in all thirteen Men killed and twenty 

four wounded ; and we were told, that we had destroyed 
about ninety or a hundred of the Vyrates* When they left 
us, they were about three hundred Whites and eighty Blacks 
in both Ship, lamfcrfuaded, had our Confort the Green- 
wich done his Duty, we had deflroyed both of them, and 
got two hundred thoufand Founds for our Owners and 
f elves ; whereas to his deferting us, the Lofs of the CafTan- 
dm may jufily be imputed. I have delivered all the Bales 
that were given me into the Company'* s Warehoufe, for which 
the Governor and Council have^ ordered me a Reward. 
Our Governor, Mr, Boon^ who is extr-eme kind and civil 
to me, has ordered me home with this Tacquet ^ but Captain 
Harvey, who had a prior Promife, being come in with the 
fleet, goes in my room. The Governor hath promised me a 
Country Voyage, to help make me up my Lojfes^ and would 
have me flay to go home with him next Tear, 

Captain Mackra certainly run a great Hazard, 
in going aboard the Pyrate, and began quickly 
to repent his Credulity ^ for though they had pro- 
mifed, that no Injury Ihould be done to his Per- 
fon, he found their Words were not to be truft- 
cd ; and it may be fuppofed, that nothing but the 
defperate Circumftances Captain Mackra imagined 
himfelf to be in, could have prevailed upon him 
to fling himfelf and Company into their Hands, 
perhaps not knowing how firmly the Natives of 
that liland were attach'd to the Englijh Nation ; 
for about 20 Years ago. Captain G?r«W/, Comma- 
dore of an Engliflj Squadron, alTifted them againft 
another Ifland called Mohilla, for which they have 
ever fince communicated all the grateful Offices 
in their Power, infomuch that it became a Pro- 

Of Capt. England 125 ^ 

verb, That an Engliihman, and ^ Juanna Man were j^^ 
all one. ' ^^ 

England was inclined to favour Captain Macho, ; 
tut he was fo free to let him know, that his In- 
tereft was declining amonP^ft them ^ and that the 
Pyrates were fo provoled at the Refinance he 
;nade againfl them, that he was afraid he fhould 
hardly be able to proteft him •, he therefore advi- 
fed him to footh up and manage the Temper of 
Captain Taylor^ a Fellow of a moft barbarous Na- 
ture, who was become a great Favourite amongfi: 
them for no other Reafbn than becaufe he was a 
greater Brute than the reft. Macha did what he 
could to foften this Beail, and ply'd him with warm 
Punch '^ notwithftanding which, they were in a Tu- 
mult whether they Ihould make an End of him, or 
no, when an Accident happen'd which turn'd to 
the Favour of the poor Captain ; a Fellow with a 
terrible pair of Whiskers, and a wooden Leg, be- 
ing ftuck round with Piftols, like the Man in the 
Almanack with Darts, comes fwearing and vapou- 
ring upon the Quarter-Deck, and asks, in a dam- 
ning Manner, which was^[n Mackra : The Cap- 
tain expected no lefs than that this Fellow would 

be his Executioner ^ • but when he came near 

him, he took him by the Hand, fwearing, Damn 
him he was glad to fee him ; and fljew me the Man ^ lays he, 
that offers to hurt Capain Mackra, /cr /// fland by hint ; 
and fo with many Oaths told him, he was an honefi 
Fellow, and that he had formerly falVd with him. 

This put an End to the Difpute, and Captain 
Taylor was ^o mellow'd with the Punch, that he 
confented that the old Pyrate Ship, and fo many 
Bales of Cioth iliould be given to Captain Macha^ 
and fo he fell afleep. England advifed Captain 
Macha to get off with all Expedition, leaft when 
the Beaft fhould awake, he might repent his Genero- 
fity : Which Advice was followed by the Captain. ' 
' • ' - Captain 


124 Of Capu England. 

Captain England having lided fo much to Captain 
Mackras Interefr, was a Means of making him 
?nany Enemies among the Crew *, they thinking 
ii^ch good Ufage inconfiflent with their Polity, ber 
^cgufe it looked like procuring Favour at the Ag- 
vgravation of their Crimes y^ therefore upon Ima- 
gination or Report, that Captain Macho, was fitting 
.outagainft them, with the Company's Force, he 
was ioon abdicated or pulled out of his Government, 
jand maroolied with three more on the Ifiand of 
Mauritius.: An liland indeed, not to be complained 
of, had they accumulated any Wealth by their 
Villanies that would have afforded fome future com- 
fortable Profpeft, for it abounds with Fifh, Deer, 
Iilogs and other Flefh. Sir Thomas Herbert ^ fays, the 
Shores with Coral and Ambergreaie \ but I believe 
the Dutch had not deferted it, had there been 
much of thefe Commodities to have been found. 
It was in 1722, refettled by the Fre?7chy who have 
a Fort at another neighbouring liland, called Don 
Jl/afcarifje, and are touched at for Water, Wood, 
and Refreihments, by French Ships bound to, or 
fot India -^ as St. Helena and Cafe Bon Efperance^ are 
by us and the Dutch. From this Place, Captain 
Efigland and his Companions having made a little 
Boat of Staves and old Pieces of Deal left there, 
went over to Afadagaftar^ where they ' fubfift at 
prefanton the Charity of lome of their Brethren,, 
^vho had made better Provifion for themfelves, than 
they had done. 

The Py rates detained fome Officers and Men be- 
longing to Captain Mackra^ and having repaired 
the Damages received in their Rigging, they failed 
for India. The Day before they made Land, faw 
two ^hips to the Eaftward, who at firft Sight, they 
took to be Englifoy and ordered one of the Prifo- 
ners, who had been an OfFxer with Captain Mackra, 
to tell tliem the private Signals between the Com- 


Of Capt. England. 1:5 

pany's Ships, the Captain fwearing he would cut 
him in pound Pieces, if he did not do it immediate-^ 
Jy •, but unable, was forced to bear their Scurility, 
till they came up with them, and found they were 
two Moor Ships from Mufcat^ with Horfes •, they 
brought the Captain of them, and Merchants, ok 
'Board, torturing; them, and rifling the Ships^, 
in order to diicover Riches, as believing they 
came from Mocha *, but being baulked in their Es^ 
pe^tation, and next Morning feeing Land, and at 
the fame Time a Fleet in Shore plying to Wind- 
ward, they were puzzled how to difpofe of them ; 
to let them go, was to di (cover and ruin the Voyage, 
and it was cruel to fmk the Men and Horfes with 
the Ships, (as many of them were inclined to,) there-- 
fore, as a Medium, they brought them to an 
Anchor, threw all their Sails over-board, and cut 
one of the Ships Mafts half through. 

While they lay at an Anchor, and were all the 
next Day employed in takmg out Water, one of 
the aforementioned Fleet bore towards them with 
Englijli Colours, anfwered with a red Enfign from 
the Pyrates, but did not fpeak with one another. 
At Night they left the Mufcatt Ships, weighed 
with the Sea Wind, and flood to the Northward 
after this Fleet: About four next Morning, juii: 
as they were getting under fail, with the Land 
Wind, the Pyrates came amongft them, made no 
flop, but fired their great and fmall Guns veiy 
briskly, till they got through • and as Day-Light 
cleared, were in a great Confternation in their 
Minds, having all along taken them for Angrlas 
Fleet :, what to do was the Point, whether run or 
purlue? They were fenfible of their Inferiority ol 
Strength, having no more than 300 Men in both 
Ships, and 40 of them Negroes •, befides, the Vl^ 
^r/ryhad then four Pumps at Work,. and mufl in^ 
€vitably been loft before, had it not h^Qn for fbine 


is6 Of Capt. England. 

Hand-Pumps, and feveral pair of Standards brought 
out of the Cajfandra^ to relieve and frrengthen her y 
but obferviiig the IndilTerency of the Fleet, chofe 
rather to chafe than run y and thought the beft 
Way to fave themfelves, was to play at Bullbeggar 
with the Enemy : So they came up with the Sea 
Wind, about Gun-Shot to Leeward, the great Ships 
of the Fleet a-head, and fome others a-ftern j 
which latter they took for Fire-VefTels : And thefe 
a-head gaining from them by cutting away their 
Boats, they could do nothing more than conti- 
nue their Courfe all I^ight, which they did, and 
found them next Morning out of Sight, excepting 
a Ketch and Ibme few Gallivats, (^Jmall fort of 
Vcffels fomething like the Feluccas of the Mediterranean, 
and hoifisy like them, triangular Sails.^ They bore downy 
which the Ketch perceiving, tranfported her Peo- 
ple on Board a Gallivat, and fet fire to her ^ the 
other proved too nimble and made off. The flime 
Day they chafed another Gallivat and took her^ 
being come from Go^^o, bound for CalUcut with 
Cotton. Of thefe Men they enquired concerning 
the Fleet, fuppofmg they muft have been in it ; 
and altho' they protefted they had not leen a Ship 
or Boat fmce they left 6'^^<?, and pleaded very ear- 
neftly for Favour • yet they threw all their Cargo 
over-board, and fquezed their Joints in a Vice, to 
extort Confeffion : But they entirely ignorant of 
who or what this Fleet ihould be, were obliged not 
only to fuftain this Torment, but next Day a freih 
eafterly Wind having fplit the Gallivats- Sails, 
they put her Company into the Boat, with nothing 
but a Tryfail, no Provifions, and only four Gallons 
of Water, (half of it Salt,) and then out of Sight 
of Land, to iliifc for themlelves. 

For the better elucidating of this Story, it may 
be convenient to inform the Reader, who j^tigria 


Of Capt. England. hj 

is, and what the Fleet were, that had fo fcurvily 
behaved themfelves. 

Angria is a famous Indian Pyrate, of conliderable 
Strength and Territories, that gives continual Di- 
fturbance to the European (and efpecially the Englifh') 
Trade : His chief Hold is CalUha^ not many Leagues 
from Bomhay, and has one Ifland in Sight of that 
Port, whereby he gains frequent Opportunities of 
amioying the Company. It would not be fy infu- 
perable a Difficulty to fupprels him, if the Shallow- 
nefs of the Water did not prevent Ships of War 
coming nigh: And abetter Art he has, of bribing 
the Mogul\ Minifters for Proteftion, when he finds 
an Enemy too powerful. 

In the Year 1720, the ^ow^v Fleet confifting of 
four Grabhsy (Ships built in India by the Company^ and 
have three Mafis^ a Prow like a Row-G alley y injtead of 
a Boltfpritj about 1 50 Tons ; are officered and armed 
like a Man of War^ for Defettce and Protection of the 
Trade y) the London ^ Chandoisy and two other Ships 
with Gallivats, who befides their proper Compli- 
ments, carried down 1000 Men to bombard and bat- 
ter Gayraj a Fort belonging to Angria^ on the Ma- 
labar Coaft, which they having performed ineffectu- 
ally, were returning to Bombay ^ and, to make amends, 
fell in with the Pyrates, to the Purpofe has been 
already related. Captain Vpton^ Commadore of 
that Fleet, prudently objefting to Mr. Brown^ (who 
went General,) That the Ships were not to be ha- 
zarded, fince they failed without their Governor 
^o^w's Orders to engage^ and befides, that they 
did not come out with fuch a Defign. This favou- 
rable Opportunity of deflroying the Pyrates, an- 
gered the Governor, and he transferred the Com- 
mand of the Fleet to Captain Mackra^ who had 
Orders immediately to purfue and engage, where 
ever he met them. 


128 Of Capu England. 

The Vice-Roy of Goay aiTifled by the ErigUJh 
Company's Fleet from Bombay^ did attempt: the 
Redudidn of Callaha^ his principal Place, landed 8 or 
loooo Men the next Year, the Englijh Squadron of 
Meiiof War being then in thofe Seas ^ but having 
viewed the Fortification well, and expended feme 
of their Army by Sicknefs and the Fatigues of a 
Camp, carefully withdrew again. 

I return to the Pyrates, who, after they had 
lent away the Gallivats People, refolved to cruife 
to the Southward •, and the next Day, between Goa 
and Carwar^ heard feveral Guns, which brought 
them to an Anchor, and they fent their Boat on 
the Scent, who returned about two in the Morn- 
ing, and brought Word of two Grabs lying at 
Anchor in theRoad. They weighed and ran to- 
wards the Bay, till Day-Light gave the Grabs 
Sight of them, and was but juft Time enough to 
get under Jndia Dwa Caftle, out of their reach ^ 
this difpleafed the Pyrates the more, in that they 
wanted Water •, and feme were for making a Def- 
cent that Night and taking the Ifland, but it not being 
approved of by the Majority, they proceeded to 
the Southward, and took next in their Way, a 
fmall Ship out of Omwre Road, with only a Dutch 
Man and two Tortuguefe on Board. They fent one of 
thefe on Shore to the Captain, to acquaint him, 
if he would fupply them with lome Water, and 
freih Provifions, he ihould have his Ship again \ and 
the Mafter returned for anfwer, by his Mate Frank 
//.-zrw/f/}, that if they would deliver him PolfeiTion 
over the Bar, he would comply with their Requeft; 
the Propofal the Mate thought was collufive, and 
they rather jump'd into Harmlefs'^s Opinion, (who 
very honeftly entered with them,) and refolved to 
feeic Water at the Laccadeva lilands ; fo having fent 
the other Perfons on Shore, with threats, that he 
fhould be the laft Man they would give Quarter 


OfCapt. Englanb* \i() 

too, fby Reafoa of this uncivil TJfage ^ ) they put 
dire£lly for the Iflands, and arrived there in three 
Days : Where being informed by a Menchew they 
took C^^ith the Governor o^Canwars Pais,) of there 
being no Anchor-Ground among them, and Melln-^ 
da being the next convenient liland, they fent their 
Boats on Shore, to fee if there was any Water, and 
whether it was inhabited or not-, who returned 
tvith an Anfvver to their Satisfa^ion, vI^l^ that there 
was abundance of good Water, and many Houies, 
but deferred by the Men, who had fled to the 
neighbouring Iflands on the Approach of Ships, 
and Jeft only the Women and Children to guard 
one another. The Women they forced in a Bar- 
barous Manner to their Lufls, and to requite them, 
deflroyed their Cocoa Trees, and lired leveral of 
their Houfes and Churches* (I fuppofe built by the 
Vortuguefe^ who formerly ufed there, in their Voy- 
ages to India.^ 

While they were at this Ifland, they lofl: three 
or four Anchors, by the Rocky nels of the Ground, 
Frefhnefs of W^inds, and at laft were forced thence 
by a harder Gale than ordinary, leaving 70 People, 
Blacks and Whites, and mofl: of their Water Casks: 
In ten Days they regained the Ifland again, filled 
their Water, and took the People on Board. 

Provifions were very Icarce, and they now re- 
fblved to vifiu their good Friends the Dutchy at G?- 
chijiy who, if you will believe thefe Rogues, never 
fail of lupplying Gentlemen of their Profeflion. 
After three Days fail, they arrived off Tellecheryy 
and took a fmall Veifel belonging to Governor 
Jdamsy 'John Tawh Mafler, whom they brought on 
Board very drunk, and he giving an Account of 
Captain Macho's fitting out, put them in a Tem- 
peft of Paflion ; A VilUln, fay they, that we have 
treated fo civilly ^ as to giojc him a Ship and other Trefents^ 
and ?iQX0 to bs armvd agalnfi ui^ he ought to he hanged ^ 

\ and 

1 30 Of Capt. EblGLAND. 

and fine e roe cannot jlww our Refentment on hlnty let ns 
hang the Bogs his People, who wijl) him welly and would 
do the fame^ if clear. If it he in my Tower ^ fays the 
Quarter-Mafter, both Mafxers and Officers of Ships jhall 
he carried with us for the future^ only to plague them. 

• d n England. 

Thence they proceeded to Calicut, where they en- 
deavoured to take a large Moor Ship out of the Road, 
hut was prevented by fome Guns mounted on 
Shore, and difcharged at them : Mr. Lafmby, who 
was one of Captain Adackra'^s Officers, and detained, 
was under the Deck at this Time, and command- 
ed both by the Captain and QuarterMafter of the 
Py rates, to tend the Braces on the Booms, in hopes, 
it was believed, a Shot would take him before they 
got clear, asking the Reafon why he was not there 
before ? And when he would have excufed himfelf, 
threat'ned on the like KegleO: to ihoot him; at 
which the other beginning to expoftulate farther, 
and claim their Promife oF putting him afhore, 
got an unmerciful beating from the Qiaarter-Mafter. 
Captain Taylor, who was now Succelfor to England, 
and whofe Priviledge it was to do fo, being lame of 
his Hands, and unable. 

The next Day in their PalTage down, came up 
with a Dutch Galliot, bound for Calicut with Lime 
Stone, and aboard of her they put Captain 7awh^ 
and fent him away, and feveralot the People inter- 
ceeded for Lafinhy in vain, For, fays Taylor and his 
Party, if we let this Dog go, who has heard our Defigns 
and Refolutions, we overfet all our well advifed TrojeU:ions, 
and particularly this Supply we are now feekingfor, at the 
Hands of the Dutch. 

It was but one Day more before they arrived off 
Cochin, where, by a Fifhing-C?-noe, they fent a Let- 
ter on Shore •, and in the Afternoon, with the Sea- 
breeze, ran into the Road and anchored, faluting 
the Fort with 1 1 Guns each Ship, and received the 


Of Capt. EnGLANT). t^t 

Return, in an equal Kumber ^ a good Omen of the 
vvelcome Reception they found *, for at N^"ght there 
came on Boaid a large Boat, deeply laden with 
freih Provifions and Liquors, and with it a Servant 
(of a favourite Inhabitant) called John Trumpet : He 
told them they muft immediately weigh, and run 
farther to the Southward, where they ihould be 
fuppiied with all Things they wanted, naval Stores 
or Provifions. 

They had not been long at x^nchor again, before 
they had leveral Canoes on Board with both black 
and white Inhabitants, who continued, without In- 
terruption, all good Offices, during the'r Stay ; 
particularly John Trumpet brought a large Boat of 
Arrack, than which, nothing could be more plea- 
ling (about 90 Legers,) as alio 6q Bales of Sugar ^ 
an Offering, ics prefumed, from the Governor and 
his Daughter, who, in Return, had a line Table- 
Clock fent him, (the Plunder of Captain Machras 
Sh:p,J and ihe a large Gold Watch, Earnefis of the 
Pay they deiigri. d to make. 

When they hid all on Board, they paid Mr. 
Trumpet to his Satisfaftion, it was computed, 6 or 
7000 /. gave him three Cheers, 1 1 Guns each Ship, 
and throw'd Ducatoons into his Boat by hand- 
fuls, for the Boat-Men to fcramble for. 

That Night being little Wind, did not weigh^ 
and Trumpet^ m the Morning, waked them to the 
Sight of more Arrack, Chefts of Piece-Goods, and 
ready made Clothes, bringing the Fifcal of the 
Place alfo with him. At Kcon, while thofe were 
on Board, faw a Sail to the Southward, which they 
weighed, and chaced after -^ but fhe having a good 
Offing, gOL to the Northward of them, and an-- 
chored a fmall Diflance from Cochin Fort ^ the afore- 
mentioned Gentlemen affuring them, that they 
would not be molefted in taking her from under 
tbe Caftle, follicited before hand for the buying her, 

1 2 and 

132 OfCapt. England. 

and advifed them to ftand in, which they did bold- 
ly, to board her ^ but when they came within a 
Cable's length or two of the Chace, now near Shore, 
the Fort fired two fmall Guns, whofe Shot falling 
nigh their Muzzels, they inftantly bore out of the 
Road, made an eafy Sail to the Southward, and an^- 
chored at "Night in their former Birth, where John 
Trumpet^ to engage their Stay a little longer, in- 
formed them, that in a few Days a very rich Ship 
was to pafs by, commanded by the General o^ Bom- 
bay's Brother. 

This Governor is an Emblem of foreign Power. 
What Inconvenience and Injury muft the Matter's 
Subjeds fuftain under one who can truckle to fuch 
treacherous and bafe Means, as correfponding and 
trading with Py rates to enrich himfelf ? Certainly 
fuch a Man will ftickle at no Injuftice to repair or 
make a Fortune. He has the Argumentum bacilhim 
alwa5^s in his own Hands, and can convince, when 
he pleafes, in half the Time of other Arguments, 
that Fraud and Oppre/Iion is Law. That he im- 
ploys Inftruments in fuch dirty Work, exprelTes 
the Guilt and Shame, but no way mitigates the 
Crime. John Trnmfet was the Tool * but, as the Dog 
faid in the Fable, on another Occafion, What; is 
done by the Mafier'^s Orders^ is the Makers Anions. 

I cannot but reflect, on this Occafion, what a vile 
Government Sancho Tancho had of it ^ he had not on- 
ly fuch Teycjuiftes refcinded, but was really almoft 
■ftarved •, the Vi^luals taken from him almoft every 
Day, and only under a Pretence of preferving his 
Excellency's Health : But Governments differ. 

From Cochin fome were for proceeding to Mada* 
gafcar direO:ly ^ others thought it proper to cruize 
till they got a Store-Ship, and ihefe being the Ma- 
jority, they ply'd to the Southward, and after fome 
Days fiw a Ship in Shore, which being to Wind- 
ward of them, they could not get nigh, till the 


Of Capt. England. 133 

Sea Wind, and Night, favouring, they feparated, 
one to the Northward, the other to the Southward, 
thinking to enclofe her between: But to their 
Aftoniihment, and contrary to Expeftation, when 
Day broke, inftead of the Chace, found themfelves 
very near kve Sail of tall Ships, who immediately 
making a Signal for the Pyrates to bear down, put 
them in the utmoft Confufion, particularly Taylor'^s 
Ship, becaufe their Confort was at a Diftance from 
them, (at leaft three Leagues to the Southward) 
they ftood to one another, and joined, and then to- 
gether made the beft of their Way from the Fleet, 
whom they judged to be commanded by Captain 
Maclra ; of whofe Courage having Experience, 
they were glad to ihun any farther Tafte of. 

In three Hours Chace, none of the Fleet gaining 
upon them, excepting one Grab, their dejected 
Countenances cleared up again, the more, in that 
a Calm fucceeded for the Remainder of that Day ; 
and in the Night, with the Land Wind, they ran 
directly off Shore, and found next Day, to their 
great Confolation, that they had loft Sight of all 
the Fleet. 

This Danger efcaped, they propofed to fpend 
Chrlflmas (the Chriflmas of 1720) in Carowzing 
and Forgetfulnefs, and kept it for three Days in a 
wanton and riotous Way, not only eating, but 
wafting their frefli Provifions in fo wretched and 
inconfiderable a Manner, that when they had 
agreed after this to proceed to MAuritlvs^ they were 
in that Paffage at an Allowance of a Bottle of Wa- 
ter ^er Diemy and not above two Pounds of Beef, 
end a fmall Quantity of Rice, for ten Men for a 
Day ^ fo that had it not been for the leaky Ship, 
(which once they were about to have quitted, and 
had done, but for a Quantity of Arrack and Sugar 
She had on Board,j they muft moft of them have 

I 3 In 

134 Of Capu ENGL4NI). 

In this Condition they arrived at the Ifland 
of Mai/ritiusy about the Middle of p^^rz^^ry, fheath- 
ed and refitted the ViBory^ and on the <;th ot JlpriL 
failed again, leaving this terrible Infcription on 
one of the Walls. Left this Place the '^th e?/* April, 
to go to Mad?-gafcar/or Li?nesy and this, leaft (like 
Lawyers and Men of Bufinefs) any Vifits fhould be 
paid in their Abfence : However, they did not fail 
direftiy for Madagafcar^ but the IHand Majcarlne^ 
and luckily as Rogues could wifh, they found at 
their Arrival on the 8th, a Tortuguefe Ship at An- 
chor, of 70 Guns, but moft of them thrown over- 
board, her Mafts loll-, and ib much difabled by a 
violent Storm they had met with in the Latitude 
of 1 3^ South, thatfhe became a Prize to the Py- 
rates, with very little or no Refiftance, and a glo- 
rious one indeed, having the Conde de Ericeira^icexoy 
ofGoa, who made that fruitlefs Expedition againft 
ulngria^ the Indian^ and feveral other PafTengers on 
Board :, who, as they could not be ignorant of the 
Treafure flie had in, did affert, that in the iingle 
Article of Diamonds, there was to the Value of 
between three and four Millions of Dollars. 

The Vice-Roy, \\^ho came on Board that Morn- 
ing, in Expecla'tion of the Ships being EngHJh, was 
made a Prifoner, and obliged to ranfome ^ but in 
Confideration of his great Lofs, (the Prize being 
Part his own,) they agreed after Ibme Demurring^, 
to accept of 2000 Dollars, and fet him and the 
other Prifbners afhore, with Promifes to leave a 
Ship that they might Tranfport themfelves, becaule 
thelil^nd was not thought in a Condition to maintain 
fo great' a Kumber • and tho' they had learned 
from them,' the Accouiit of an Ojle-fider being to 
JLeeward of the Ifland, which they took on that 
Information, (being formerly the Greyhovjid Galley 
of LoTidon^ and could conveniently have comply'd 
'with ^o realbnabig a Requeft j yet they fent the 

Of Capu England. 135 

Oflender with fome of their People to Madagafcary 
with News of their Succefs, and to prepare Mails 
for the Prize • and followed them (elves foon afcer, 
without regard to the Sufferers, carrying 200 Mo ^ 
zambi^ue Negroes with them in the Tortuguefe Ship. 

Madagafcar is an Ifland larger than Gi^eat' Brit air? ^ 
moft of ic within the Tropick of Capricorriy and lays 
Eaft from the Eaftern Side of Africa : It abounds 
with Provifions of all Sorts, Oxen, Goats, Sheep, 
Poultry, Fiih, Citrons, Oranges, Tamarinds, Dates, 
Coco-Nuts, Bananas, Wax, Honey, Rice •, or in 
fhort. Cotton, Indigo, or any other Thing they 
will take Pains to plant, and have Underftanding 
to manage : They have like wife Ebony, a hard Wood 
like Brafil, of which they make their Lances ^ and 
Gum of feveral Sorts, Benzin, Dragon's Blood, 
Aloes, &c. What is moft incommodious, are the 
numerous Swarms of Locufts on the Land, and 
Crocodiles or Alligators in their Rivers. Hither, 
in St. Augufiin'^s Bay, the Ships Ibmetimes touch 
for Water, when they take the inner PaiTage for 
7W/^, and do not defign to flop at Johanna *, and we 
may oblerve from the fixth general Voyage fet 
forth by the Eafl-India Company, in Conftrmatioji 
of what is hereafter fakl in Relation to Currents 
in general •, that this inner PaiTage or Channel, 
has its Northern and Southern Currents ftron- 
geft where the Channel is narroweft, and is lefs, 
and varies on different Points of the Compafs, as 
the Sea comes to fpread again, in the PaiTage crofs 
the Line. 

Since the Difcovery of this Ifland by the Portu-^ 
guefe, A. D. I ^o5, the Europeans^ and particularly 
Py rates, have increafed a dark Mulatto Race there, 
tho' flill few in Comparifon with the Natives, 
who are Negroes, with curled fhort Hair, A3:ive, 
and formerly reprefented malicious and revenge- 
ful, now tradable and communicable, perhaps ow- 

I 4 ing 

1^6 Of Capt. England. 

ing to the Favours and Generofity in Cloathing 
and Liquors, they from Time to Time have re- 
ceived from thefe Fellows, who live in all poffible 
Friendlhip, and can, any fingle Man of them, com- 
inand a Guard of 2 or 300 at a Minute's warning •. 
This is farther the Native's Interefl, to cultivate 
with them, becaule the Illand being divided into 
petty Governments and Commands, the Py rates, 
iettledhercjwho are now a confiderableNumber,and 
have little Caftles of their own, can preponderate 
ivhere-ever they think fit to fide. 

When Taylor came with the Fortttguefe Prize here, 
they found the Oftender had played their Men a 
Trick, for they took Advantage of their Drink, 
rife upon them, and (as they heard afterwards) 
carried the Ship to Moz^amhique^ whence the Gover- 
nor ordered her for Goa. 

Here the Py rates came, cleaned the Caffandra^ 
and divided their Plunder, iliaring 42 fmall Dia^ 
tnonds a Man, or in lefs Proportion according to 
their Magnitude. An ignorant, or a merry Fellow, 
who had only one in this Divifion, as being judged 
equal in Value to 42 fmall, muttered very much 
at the Lot, and s^^wt and broke it in a Morter, 
fwearing afterwards, he had a better Share than 
any of them, for he had beat it, he fald, into 
43 Sparks. 

Thofe who were not for running the Hazard of 
their Necks, with 42 Diamonds, befides other 
Treafure, in their Pockets, knocked off, and ftay'd 
with their old Acquaintance at Madagafcar^ on 
-mutual Agreements, the longer Livers to take all. 
The Refidue having therefore no Occafioa for 
two Ships, the yiElory being leaky, fhe was burnt, 
the Men (as many as would) coming into the Caf- 
fandrA^ under the Command of Taylor^ who we 
inuft leave a Time, projecting either for Cochin^ to 
cjifpofe of their Diamonds among their old Friends 


Of Capt. England. 137 

the Dutchy or elfe for the R/d or Chir^a Seas, to 
avoid the Men of War, that continually clamou- 
red in their Ears, a Koile of Danger, and giv€ 
the little Account we are able, of that Squadron, 
who arrived in hdlay early in the Year 1721. 

At Cape Good Hofe^ in June, the Commadore met 
with a Letter, which was left for him by the Go- 
vernor o^ Madras, to whom it was wrote by the Go- 
vernor of Pandkherry, a Fre/ich Factory, on the Coro- 
mondel Coaft, fignifying, the Pyrates at the Writing 
of itj were then ftrong in the hdlan Seas, having 1 1 
Sail and 1 500 Men, but that many of them went 
away about that Time, for the Coaft of and 
Guinea ^ others fettled and fortified themfelves at 
Madagafcar^ Mauritius, Johanna and Mohilla : And 
that others under Cc;?^;/^;?, in a Ship called the Dra- 
gon, took a large Moor\ Veilel, coming from lud- 
da and Aiocho, with thirteen Lackies of Rupees on 
Board, ( z. e. i3occcohalf Crowns J who having 
divided the Plunder, burnt their Ship and Prize, 
and fat down quietly with their other Friends at 

The Account contained feveral other Things 

which we have before related. Commadore 

Matthews, upon receiving this Intelligence, and be- 
ing fond of the Service he came out for, haflened 
to thofe Iflands, as the moft hopeful Places of 
Succefs ', at St.- Mary^s would have engaged England 
with Promifes of Favour, if he would commu- 
nicate what he knew, concerning the Cajfandra^ 
and the reft of the Pyrates, and alTift in the Pilo- 
tage •, but England was wary, and thought this 
was to furrender at Difcretion, fb they took up the 
Judda Ship's Guns that was burnt, and the Men 
of War difperfed themfelves on l(^veral Voyages 
and Cruifes afterwards, as was thought likelieft 
to fucceed, the' to no Purpofe : Then the Squa- 

138 Of Capt. England. 

dron went down to Bombay, were faluted by the 
Fort, and came home. 

The Py rates, I mean thofe of the Caffandray now 
Captain Taylor, fitted the Fortuguefe Man of War, 
and refblved upon another Voyage to the Indies y 
notwithftanding the Riches they had heaped up ; 
but as they were preparing to fail, they heard of 
the four Men of War coming after them to thoie 
Seas, therefore they altered their Minds, fail'd for 
the Main of Africa, and put in at a little Place 
called Belagoa, near the River de Spiritu SanBo, on 
the Coaft of Monomotafa, in i6^ South Latitude. 
Tney believed this to be a Place of Security, in 
regard that the Squadron could not poflibly get 
Intelligence' of them, there being no Correfpon- 
dence over Land, nor any Trade carried on by 
Sea, between that and the Cape, where the Men 
of War were then fuppofed to be. The Pyrates 
came to in the Evening, and were furprized with a 
few Shot from the Shore, not knowing of any 
Fortification or European Settlement in that Part of 
the World •, ^o they anchored at a Diftance that 
Islight, and perceiving, in the Morning, a fmall 
Fort of fix Guns, they run up to it, and bat- 
tered it down. 

This Fort was built and fettled by the lyutch 
'Baft-India Company, a few Months before, for 
what Purpofe, I know not, and having left 150 
Men upon the Place, they were then dwindled to a 
third Part by Sicknefs and Cafualties, and never 
after received any Relief or Keceflaries •, fo that 
Sixteen of thofe that were left, upon their hum- 
ble Petition, were admitted on Board the Pyrates, 
and all the refi: would have had the fame Favour 
(they faid) had they been any other than Butch, 
1 mention this, as an Inftance of their Ingratitude, 
who had been fo much obliged to their Country- 
men for Support. 


Of Capt. England. 139 

Here they ftaid ^bove four Months, carreened 
60th their Ships, and took their Diverfioas with 
Security, till they had expended all their Provi- 
ifions, and then put to Sea, leaving conilderable 
Quantities of Muflins, Chintzes, and fuch Goods 
behind, to the half ftarved Dutch Men, which en- 
abled them to make good Pennyworths to the next 
that came, to whom they bartered for Provifions, 
at the Rate of three Farthings an EngUjh Yard. 

They left Delagoa the latter End- of December 
i-iiiy but not agreeing where, or how to proceed, 
they concluded to part, fo thofe who were for con- 
tinuing that fort of Life, went on Board the Fortu- 
guefe Prize, and fleered for Madagafcar to their 
Friends, with whom 1 hear they are now fettled; 
and the reft took the Ca{fandra and failed for the 
Svavijh Wcft'Indies. The Mermaid Man of War hap- 
55ening then to be down on the Main with a Convoy, 
sboQt 30 Leagues from thefe Py rates, would have 
gone and attacked them \ but on a Confultation 
of the Mafiers, whofe Safety he was particularly 
to regard, they agreed their own Proteftion was of 
mo:e Service than deftroying the Pyrate, and fo 
the Commander was unwillingly withheld. He dil- 
pairched a Sloop to Jamaicay with the News, which 
brought down the Lancefton^ only a Day, or two, too 
late, they having juft before he came, furrendered 
with all their Riches, to the Governor of Torto 

Here they fate down to fpend the Fruits of their 
dilhoneft Induftry, dividing the Spoil and Plunder 
of Nations among themfelves, without the Jeaft 
Remorfe or Comuun^lion, fatisfying their Confci- 
encQ with this Salvo, that other People would 
have do.^e as much, had they the like Opportu- 
nitiess. 1 caif t fay, but that if they had known 
what was doij^.g in England^ at th^ fame Time by 
the Sjuth-Sca Directors, and their Diredors, they 
■ ' would 

I40 Of Capt. England. 

would certainly have had this Reflection for their 
Confblation, viz,* That what ever Robberies they had 
committedy they might be pretty Jure they were not the 
great eft Villains then living in the World. 

It is a difficult Matter to make a Computation 
of the Mifchief that was done by this Grew, in 
about five Years Time, which is much more than 
the Plunder they gained, for they often funk or 
burnt the VefTel they took, as It fuited their Hu- 
mour or Circumftances, fometimes to prevent gi- 
ving Intelligence, fometimes becaufe they did not 
leave Men to navigate them, and at other Times 
out of Wantonnefs, or becaufe they were difplea- 
fed at the Matter's Behaviour •, for any of thefe, 
it was but to give the Word, and down went Ships 
and Cargoes to the Bottom of the Sea. 

Since their Surrender to the Spaniards^ I am in- 
formed feveral of them have left the Place, and 
difperfed themfelves ellewhere *, eight of them 
were fhipp'd about November laft, in one of the 
South'Sea Company's Afliento Sloops, and paffed for 
Ship-wrecFd Men, came tojamaicay and there failed 
in other VelTels •, and I know one of them that came 
to England this Spring from that Ifland. 'Tis faid 
that Captain Taylor has taken a Commiilion in the 
Spanijh Service, and commanded the Man of War 
that lately attacked the Englijh Log- Wood Cutters, 
in the Bay of Honduras. 



C H A P. VI. 

O F 

Captain Charles Vane, 

And his C r e w. 

C Harks Vane was one of thofe who ilole away 
the Silver which the Spaniards had fifhed up 
from the Wrecks of the Galleons, in the 
Gulph of Florida^ and was at Trovidence (as has 
been before hinted) when Governor Rogers arrived 
there with two Men of War. 

All the Py rates who were found at this Colony 
of Rogues, fubmitted, and received Certificates of 
their Pardon, except Captain Fane and his Crew ; 
who, as loon as they faw the Men of War enter, 
flipp'd their Cable, fet Fire to a Prize they had in 
the Harbour, and failed out with their pyratical 
Colours flying, firing at one of the Men of War as 
they went off. 

Two Days after they went out, they met with 
a Sloop belonging to BarbadoeSy which they made 
Prize of, and kept the VefTel for their own Ufe, 
putting aboard five and twenty Hands, with one 
Teats to command them. A Day or two after- 
wards they fell in with a fmall interloping Trader, 
with a Quantity of Spaf7ijJ} Pieces of Eight aboard, 
bound into Providence^ Ciilkd thQ John ^nd Ellzabethy 



142 Of Capt. Charles Vane, 

which they alfotook along with them. With thefe 
two Sloops Fane t/ent to a fraall Ifland and cleaned ; 
where they fhared their Booty, and fpent fome 
Time in a riotous Manner of Living, as is the Cu- 
ilom of Pyrates. 

The latter End o^ May 1718, they faiPd, and 
being in want of Provifions, they beat up for the 
Windward Ifland?, and met with a S^mi^ Sloop 
bound from Torto Rico to the Havana^ which they 
burnt, and flowed the Spaniards in a Boat, and left 
them to get to the Ifland, by the Light of their Vef- 
lel. But fleering between St. Chrifiopher^ s ^nd u^n- 
guilla^ they fell in with a Brigantine and a Sloop, 
with the Cargo fhey wanted ^ from whom they 
got Provifions for Sea-Store. 

Sometime after this, ftanding to the Northward, 
in the Track the Old-EngUnd Ships take, in their 
Voyage to the American Colonies, they took feveral 
Ships and VefTels, which they plundered of what 
they thought fit, and let them pafs. 

The latter End of Augufl^ Vane^ with his Confort 
Teats^ came off South-CarGl'ma^ and took a Ship be- 
longing to Ipfwkhy one Coggerjloall Commander, laden 
with Logwood, which was thought convenient 
enough for their own Bufmefs, and therefore order- 
ed their Prifoners to work, and throw all the La- 
ding over-board-, but when they had more than 
half cleared the Ship, the Whim changed, and 
then they would not have her -^ fo Coggerfljall had 
his Ship again, and he was fuffered to purfue 
his Voyage home. In this Cru^'ze the Rover took 
feveral other Ships and VelTels, partlcuLnrly a 
Sloop from Barhadoesy Dill Mafter •, a fmall Ship 
from Antegoa^ Cock Mafter *, a Sloop belonging to 
Curaccoj Richards Mafler •, and a large Brigantine, 
Captain Thomffony from Cuiney^ with ninety odd 
Ke^groes aboard. The Pyrates plundered them all 
and let them go, putting the Negroes out of the 


OfCapt. Charles vane. 145 

Brigantine aboard of Teat''s VeiTel, 'by which MeauS 
they came back again to the right ©wners. 

For Captain Faney having always treated his 
Conlbrt with very little Refpeft^ aiTuming a Supe- 
riority over Teats and his fmall Crew^ and regar- 
ding the VefTel but as a Tender to his own ^ gave 
them a Difguft, who thought themfelves as good 
Pyrates, and as great Rogues as the beft of them ; 
fo they cabalPd together, and refolved to take the 
firft Opportunity to leave the Company • and accept 
of his Majefty's Pardon, or fet up for themfelves, 
either of which they thought more honourable than 
to be Servants to the former •, and the putting 
aboard fo many Negroes, where they found fo few 
Hands to take Care of them, ftill aggravated the 
Matter, though they thought fit to conceal or ftifle 
their Refentments at that Time. 

A Day or two afterwards, the Pyrates lying off 
at Anchor, Teats in the Evening flipp'd his Cable, 
and put his VefTel under Sail, flanding into the 
Shore •, which, when Vane faw, he was highly pro- 
voked, and got his Sloop under Sail to chafe his 
Confort, who, he plainly perceived, had a Mind to 
have no further Affairs with him : Vane\ Brigan- 
tine failing beft, he gained Ground of Teats^ and 
would certainly have come up with him, had he 
had a little longer Run for it*, but juft as he got over 
the Bar, when Fane came within Gun-ftiot of him, 
he fired a Broadfide at his old Friend, (which did 
him no Damage,) and fo took his Leave. 

Teats came into North Edifto River, about ten 
Leagues Southward of Charles-Town, and fent an 
Exprefs to the Governor, to know if he and his 
Comrades might have the Benefit of his Majefty's 
Pardon, and they would furrender themfelves to 
his Mercy, with the Sloops and Negroes :, which 
being granted, they all came up and received Cer- 
tificates 1 

144 Of Capt. Charlies Fane, 

tificates ^ and Captain Thompfon, from whom the 
Kegroes were taken, had them reftored to him, 
for theXJfe of h^'s dwners. 

Vane cruifed fome Time off the Bar, in hopes to 
catch Teats at his coming out again, but therein he 
was difappointed •, however, he unfortunately for 
them, took two Ships from Charles-Town ^honxi^home 
to England, It happened that juft at this Time twQ 
Sloops well mann'd and arm'd, were equipp'd to go 
after a Pyrate, which the Governor o^ South-CaroUna 
was informed, lay then in Cape Fear River, a clean- 
ing: But Colonel Rhety who commanded the Sloops, 
meeting with one of the Ships that Ktne had plun- 
dered, going back over the Bar, for fuch NecelTa- 
ries as had been taken from her, and fhe giving the 
Colonel an Account of her being taken by the Py- 
rate P^ane, and alio, that fome of her Men, while 
they were Prifoners on Board of him, had heard 
the Py rates fay, they fliould clean in one of the 
Rivers* to the Sourhward ; he altered his lirft 
Defign, and inftead of ftanding to the Northward, 
in purfuit of the Pyrate in Cape Fear River, he 
turns to the Southward after f^ane ^ who had order- 
ed flich Reports to be given out, on purpofe to 
fend any Force that ihould come. alter him, upon 
a wrong Scent ; for in Reality he ftood away to 
the Northward, fo that the Purfuit proved to be 
the contrary Way. 

Colonel Rhet''s fpeaking with this Ship, was the 
moft unlucky Thing that could have happened, be- 
caufe it turned him out oi the Road, which in all 
Probability, would have brought him into the Com- 
pany of Fane^ as well as of the Pyrate he went 
after :, and fo they might have been both deftroy'd^ 
whereas, by the Colonel's going a different Way, he 
not only loft the Opportunity of meeting with 
one, but if the other had not been infatuated, to 
lye fix Weeks together at Cape Fear^ he would 


Of Capt. Charles Vane. 145 

have miffed of him likewife : However, the Collo- 
rel having fearched the Rivers and Inlets, as di- 
reded, for feveral Days, without Succefs, ac length 
failed in Profecution of his ftrft Defign, and met 
with the Pyrate accordingly, whom he fought and 
took, as has been before fpoken of, in the Hiftory of 
M^]or Bomci. 

Captain Fane went into an Inlet to the North- 
ward, where he met with Captain Thatch, or Teach, 
Otherwife calPd Black-beard, whom he laluted (when 
he found who he was) with his great Guns, loaded 
tvith Shot, (as is the Cuftom among Py rates when 
they meet) which are fired wide, or up into the Air : 
Black-beard anfwered the Salute in the fame Manner^ 
and mutual Civilities pafTed for fonie Days *, when 
^bout the Beginning cHotloher, Vans took Leave, and 
failed further to the Korthward. 

On the 23d of October, off of Lo?7g //ZW, he took 
a frnall Brigantine, bound from Jamaica to Sdem 
in New-EngUnd, John Shattock Mafter^ and a little 
Sloop ^ they rifled the Brigantine, and fent her 
fiway. From hence they refolved on a Cruize be- 
tween Cape Meife and Cape Nicholas, where they 
fpent fomeTime, without leeing or Ipeaking with 
any Veffel, till the latter End of November • then they 
fell upon a Ship, which 'txvas expe-Sted would have 
firuck as foon as their black Colours ivere hoifled 9 
but inftead of that, ihe difcharged a Broadfide upon 
the Pyrate, and hoifted Colours, which ihewed her 
to be ^ French Mm ot War. Vane delired to have 
nothing further to fay to her, but trimm'd his 
Sails, and flood away from the FrpKh Man ; but 
Monfieur having a Mind to be better informed who 
he was, fet all his Sails, and crowded after him. 
During this Chace, the Py rates were divided in 
their Refolutions what to do : Fane, the Captain, 
was for making off as faft as he could, alhdgini< 

K ^ thg 

1 46 Of Capu Cha fles Va ne. 

the Man of War was too ftrong to cope with ^ but 
one John Eacham^ who was an Officer, that had a 
kind of a Check upon the Captain, rofe up in De- 
fence of a contrary Opinion, faying, That tho* Jhe 
had more Guns^ and a greater Weight of Mettalj they 
might hoard her^ and then the hcfi Boys would carry the 
Day, Rackam was well feconded, and the Majority 
was for boarding •, but Fane urged, Tljat it was too 
rajl) and defter ate an Enterpriz^ey the Man of War af- 
fearing to he twice their Force ^ and that their Brigan^ 
tine might he funk hy her hefore they could reach on hoard. 
The Mate, one Robert Dealy was of Fane''^ Opinion, 
as were about fifteen more, and all the reft joined 
with Rachmy the Quarter-Mafter. At length the 
Captain made ule of his Power to determine this 
Dilpute, which, in thefe Cafes, is abfblute and un- 
controulable, by their own Laws, viz,, in fightings 
chafing^ or hcing chafed ^ in all other Matters whatlb- 
ever, he is governed by a Majority ; fb the Brigan- 
tine having the Heels, as they term it, of the French 
Man, ihe came clear off. 

But the next Day, the Captain's Behaviour was 
obliged to ftand the Teft of a Vote, and a Re- 
Iblution palTed againft his Honour and Dignity, 
branding him with the Name of Coward, ^ depo- 
fing him from the Command, and turning him 
out of the Company, with Marks of Infamy -^ 
and, with him, went all thofe who did not Vote for 
boarding the French Man of War. They had with 
them a fmall Sloop that had been taken by them 
feme Time before, which they gave to Fane^ and 
the difcarded Members -^ and, that they might be 
in a Condition to provide for themfelves, by their 
own honeft Endeavours, they let them have a fuf- 
ficient Quantity of Provifions and Ammunition along 
with them. 


Of Capt. Charles Vane. 147 

John Rackam was voted Captain of the Brigantine, 
in Tape's Koom^ and proceeded towards the Carlbbee 
IJlands, where we miift leave him, till we have 
finifhed our Story of Charles Fane. 

The Sloop failed for the Bay of Honduras^ and 
Vane and his Crew put her into as good a Gondii 
tion as they could by the Way, to follow the old 
Trade. They cruifed two or three Days off the 
Korth-Weft Part of "Jamaica^ and took a Sloop and 
two Pettiagas, and all the Men entered with theni- 
the Sloop they kept, and Robert Deal went Captain 
of her. 

On the i(^th o^ 'December the two Sloops came 
into the Bay, where they found only one at an 
Anchor, cali'd the Vcarl^ of Jamalcay Captain Charles 
Rowling Mafrer, who got under Sail at the Sight of 
them *, but the Pyrate Sloops coming near Rowlings 
and Shewing no Colours, he gave them a Gun or 
two ^ whereupon they hoiftsd the black Flag, and 
fired three Guns each, at the Fearl *, ihe fti'uck, and 
the Pyrates took Poffeilion, and carried her away 
to a fmall Ifland called Barnach^ and there they 
cleaned, meeting in the Way with a Sloop from 
Jamaica^ Captain Wallden Commander, going down 
to the Bay, which they alfo made Prize o?. 

In February^ Vam failed from Barnachj in drder 
for a Cruize ; but fome Days after he was out, a 
violent Turnado overtook him, which feparated 
him from his Confort, and after two Days Diftrefs, 
threw his Sloop upon a fmall uninhabited Ifland, 
near the Bay of Honduras^ where fhe was ftaved to 
Pieces, and moft of her Men drowned : Fane him- 
felf was faved, but reduced to great Streights, for 
want of Neceftaries, having no Opportunity to get 
any Thing from the Wreck. He lived here fbme 
Weeks, and was fubfifted chiefly by Fifhermen, 
who frequented the Ifland with fmall Craft, front 
the Main j to catch Turtles, d-^r. 

K 1 While 

148 Of Capt. Cha rles Vane. 

While Fane was upon this Ifland, a Ship put in 
from Jamaica for Water, the Captain of which, one 
Hclfordy an old Buccaneer, happened to be Vane's 
Acquaintance •, he thought this a good Opportu- 
nity to get oil, and accordingly applied to his old 
Friend •, but he abfolutely ret-iifed him, faying to 
him, Charles, I jhant truft you aboard my Ship, nn- 
hfs I carry you a Prifoner ^ for I fiall have you caballing 
with my Aden^ knock me on the Head^ and run away with 
viy Ship a pyrating. Vane made all the Proteftations 
of Honour in the World to him \ but, it feems. 
Captain Holford was too intimately acquainted with 
him, to repofe any Confidence at all in his Words 
or Oaths. He told him, He might eaftly find a Way 
to get ojfy if he had a Mind to it : I am now going down 
the Bay^ Cays he, and jhali return hither^ in about n 
Month ; and if I find you npon the Ifland when I come 
hack J fll carry you to Jamaica, and hang you. Which 
Way can I get away ? Anfwers Vane. Are there not 
pifijermen^s Dories upon the Beach <* Cant you take one of 
themf Ke^Ues Holford, What, fays Vane, would you 
ha've me fleal a Dory then f Do you make it a Matter of 
Co?7fcience P Said Holford, to fieal a Dory, when you have 
been a common Robber and Pyrate, (i-eali77g Ships and Car- 
goes, and plundering all Mankind that fell in your Way ? 

Stay there, and be d nd, if you are fo Squeamifij : And 

lb left him. 

After Captain Holford's Departure, another Ship 
put in to the fame Ifland in her Way home for 
Water ^ none of whole Company knowing Vane^ 
he eafily palTed upon them for another Man, and 
fo was ihippM 'or the Voyage. One would be apt 
to thinP that Vane was now pretty fafe, and like- 
ly to efcape the Fate which his Crimes had me- 
rited ; but here a crofs Accident happen'd that 
ruin'd all : Holford, returning from the Bay, was met 
with by this Ship •, the Captains being very well 
acquainted together, Holford was invited to dine 


OfCapt. Charles Vane. 149 

aboard of him, which he did ^ and as he paffed a- 
Jong to the Cabin, he chanced to caft his Eye down 
the Hold, and there iaw Charles Vane at work • he 
immediately Ipoke to the Captain, faying. Bo you 
hnovo who you have got aboard here ? Why^ fays he, / 
have Jhlpp^d a Man at fuch an Ifland^ who was caflr away 
in a trading Sloops he feems to be a brisk Hand, I tell 
you J fays Captain Holford^ it is Vane the notorious 
Pyrate, If it be him^ repl es the other, 1 won't keep 
him: Why then^ lays Hcdfordy I II fend and take him 
aboard^ and furrender him at Jamaica. Which being 
agreed to, Captain Holford^ as foon as he returned 
to his Ship, lent his Boat with his Mate armed, 
who coming to Vane^ ihewed him a Piftol, and told 
him. He was his Prifoner ^ which none oppoiing, he 
was brought aboard, and put in Irons •, and when 
Captain Holford arrived at Jamaica^ he delivered 
his old Acquaintance into the Hands of Juftice j 
at which Place he was try'd, convidred, and exe- 
cuted, as was, fome Time before, Vane"^ Goniort, 
Robert Deal^ brought thither by one of the Men of 

K 3 G H A P: 



O F 

Captain Jobn Rack am. 

And his Crew. 

THIS John Eaclam^ as has been mentioned 
in the laft Chapter, was Quarter-Mafter 
toVane'^s Company, till they were divided, 
and Fane turned out for refufing to board and fighc 
the French Man of War •, then Kackam was voted 
Captain of that Divifion that remained in the Bri- 
gantine. The 2^th.o^ November 171 8, was the firft 
Day of his Command, and his firft Cruize was 
among the Carihhee Jfiands^ where he took and plun- 
der'd feveral VefTels. 

We have already taken Notice, that when Cap- 
tain Wcodes Rogers went to the Ifland of Trovldenccy 
with the King's Pardon to fuch as iliould furren^ 
der, this Brigantine, which Raclam now comman^ 
ded, made its Efcape, thro' another PafTage, bid- 
ding Defiance to Mercy, 

To Windward of "jamdca^ a Madtrct'lAVi\ fell 
into the Py rates Way, which they detained two 
or three Days, till they had made their Market out 
of her, and then gave her back to the Mafter, and 
permitted one Hcfea, Tifdell^ a Tavern-Keeper at 
Jamaica^ who had b^^n pick'd up in one of their 


OfCapt. John Rack am. 151 

Prize?, to deparc in her, fhe being then bound for 
that Illand. 

After this Cruize, they went into a fmall Ifland 
and cleaned, and fpent their Chriftmns afliore, drink- 
ing and caroufmg as long as they had any Liquor 
left, and then went to Sea again for more, where 
they fucceeded but too well, though they took no 
extraordinary Prize, for above two Months, ex- 
cept a Ship laden with Thieves from NewgatCy 
bound for the Plantations, which, in a few Days, was 
retaken with all her Cargo, by an Englijli Man of 

Raclam flood off towards the Ifland of Burmudasy 
and took a Ship bound to England from Carolway 
and a fmall Pink from Nexv-EngUndy and brought 
them to the Bahama Iflands, where with the Pitch, 
Tar, and Stores, they clean'd again, and refitted 
their own VefTel •, but flaying too long in that 
^Neighbourhood, Cnptain Rogers^ who was Gover- 
nor of Providence^ hearing of thefe Ships being ta- 
ken, fent out a Sloop well mann'd and arm'd, 
which retook both the Prizes, and in the mean 
while the Pyrate had the good Fortune to ef- 

From hence they failed to the Back of Cuba, 
where Eacham kept a little kind of a Family, at 
which Place, they flaid a confiderable Time, li- 
ving afhore with their Dalilahs, till their Money 
and Provifion were expended, and then they con- 
cluded it Time to look out : They repaired to their 
VefTel, and was making ready to put Sea, when a 
Guar da. del Cofia came in with a fmall Engl?jh Sloop, 
which fhe had taken as an Interloper on the Coafl. 
The Spanip) Guardihip attacked the Pyrate, but 
EacJiam being clofe in behind a little Ifland, fhe 
could do but little Execution where flie lay, there- 
fore the Spaniard warps into the Channel that Eve- 
ning, in order to make fure of her the next Mor- 

K 4 ning. 

152 OfCapt. John RACKAMi. 

ning. Rackam finding his Cafe delperate, and hard- 
ly any Poilibility of e leaping, reiolved to attempt 
the following Enterprize : The Spamjh Prize lying 
for better Security clofe into the Land, between 
the little liland and the Main ^ Rackam takes his 
Crew into the Boat, with their Piftols and Cut- 
laihes, rounds the little liland, and falls aboard their 
Prize fiien''ly in the deadof the Kight, without be- 
ing difcovered, telling the Spaniards that were 
aboard of her, that it they fpoke a Word, or made 
the leaft iNoife, they were dead Men, and fo be- 
came Mafter of her ^ when this was done, he flipt 
her Cable, and drove out to Sea : The Spanijh Man 
of War, was fo interit upr.n their expeded Prize, 
that they minded nothing elfe, and aifoon as Day 
broke, made a furious Fire upon the empty Sloop, 
but it was not long before they were rightly ap- 
prized of the Matter, and curfed them lei ves for 
Fools, to be bit out of a good rich Prize, as ihe 
proved to be, and to have nothing but an old crazy 
Hull in the room of her. 

Racham and his Crew had no Occafion to be dill 
plea fed at the Exchange, that enabled them to 
continue fome Tim.e longer in a Way of Life that 
fuited their depraved Tempers : In Auiufi 1720, we 
find hirn at Sea again, fcouring the Harbours and 
Inlets of the JSlorth and Wefl Parts of Jamaica^ 
where he took feveral fmall Crafty which proved 
TiO great, Booty to the Rogers, but they had but 
few Men, and therefore they were obliged to 
run at low Game, till they .could enci-eafe their 

In the Beginning of September, they took feven 
or eight Fiihing-Boats in Harbour Ijland, .f^ole their 
3S3ets"and other Tackle, and then went off the 
French Part of HifpA-^loU^ and landed, and took 
Cattle away, with two or three French Men they 
found;iear the Water-Side, hunting of wild Kogs 


Of Cap. JoHi^ Rackam. 155- 

in the Evening : The French Mqii came on Board, 
whether by Confent or Compulfion, I can't fay. 
They afterwards plundered two Sloops, and re-» 
turned to Jamaica, on the North Coaft of which 
liland, near Porto Maria Bay, they took a Scooner, 
Thomas Spefilow Maiier ^ it was then the ipih of 
OEiober. The next Day, Rackam feeing a Sioop in 
Dry Harbour Bay, he liood in and fired a Gun ; 
the Men all run afhore, and he took the Sloop 
and Lading, but when thofe ajQiore found them to be 
Pyrates, they ha-led the Sloop, and let them know 
they were all willing to come aboard of them. 

Rackaras coafting the IHand in this Manner, pro- 
ved tatai to him, o' Intelligence came to the Go- 
vernor, of his Expedition, by a Canoa which he 
had furprized afhore, in Ocho Bay ^ upon which a 
Sloop was imm.ediately fit:ed out, and fent round 
the Idand in queft ot him, commanded by Cap- 
tain Barnet, with a good Number of Hands. Ra^ 
ckam rounding the Ifland, and drawing near the 
Weftermoft Point, called Point Negril^ fiw a fmall 
Pettiauger, which at fight of the Sloop, run 
afhore and landed her Men :, when one of them 
hailed her, Anfwer was made. They were Englifh 
Me>7y and defired the Pettiauger's Men to come on 
Board, and drink a Bowl of Punch, which they 
were prevailed upon to do ^ accordingly the Com- 
pany came all aboard of the Pyrate, confining of 
nine Perfons, in an ill Hour ^ they were armed 
v/it^h Muskets and Cutlaflies, but, what was their 
real Defign by fo doing, I Ihall not take upon me 
to fay *, but they had no fooner laid down their 
Arms, and taken up their Pipes, but Barneis Sloop, 
which was in Purfuit of i?/zr;^Ws, came in Sight. 

The Pyrates finding flie ilood diredly towards 
her, fearM the Event, and weighed their Anchor, 
which they but lately let go, and flood off : Cap- 
tain ^^r;?^/- gave them Chace, and having the Ad- 

154 OfCapt. John Rackam. 

vantage of little Breezes of Wind, which blew olT 
the Land, came up with her, and, after a very 
Imall Difpute, took her, and brought her into Fort 
Eoyaly in Jamaica. 

In about a Fortnight after the Prifoners were 
brought afhore, viz.. November t<5, 1720, a Court 
of Admiralty was held at St, "Jago de U Vega^ be-* 
fore which the following Perfons were convided, 
and Sentence of Death palled upon them, by the 
Prefident, Sir Nicholas Laws, viz.. John Rackam Cap- 
tain, George Fetherfton Mafter, Richard Corner Quarter- 
Mafter, John Davis, John Howell, Patrick Cany, Tho- 
mas Earl, James Dobbin and Noah Harwood. The 
tive fir ft were executed the next Day at Gallows 
Toinr, at the Town of Tort Royal, and the reft, the 
Day after, at Kingfion *, Rackam, Fever fi on and Corner y 
were afterwards taken down and hang'd up in 
Chains, one at Plumb Pointy one at Bujh Key, and 
the other at Gun Key, 

But what was very furprizing, was, the Con- 
Ticlion of the nine Men that came aboard the 
Sloop the fame Day fhe was taken. They were 
try'd at an Adjournment of the Court, on the 24th 
of January, waiting all that Time, it is fuppofed, for 
Evidence, to prove the pyratical Intention of go- 
ing aboard the faid Sloop '^ for it feems there was 
no Act of Pyracy committed by them, after their 
coming on Board, as appeared by the WitnelTes 
againft them, who were two French Men taken by 
Rackam, off from the Ifland of Hifpaniola, and de- 
pofed in the following Manner. 

^ That the Prifoners at the Bar, viz.. John Eat'>n, 

* Edward Warner, Thomas Baker, Tlyomas Quick, John 
'^ Cole, Benjamin Palmer, Walter Roufe, John Hanfon, 
^ tiud John Howard, came aboard the Pyrate's Sloop 
' ^tNegril Poi?7t, Rackam fending his Canoe afhore 
*- for that Purpofe: That they brought Guns and 

* Cutlailies on Board- with thera : That when Cap- 


Of Capt. John Rackam. 155 

^ tain Barnet chafed them, fome were drinking, 

* and others walking the Deck: That there was a 

* great Gun and a fmall Arm fired by the Pyrate 
^ Sloop, at Captain Barnefs Sloop, when he chafed 

* her ^ and that when Captain Barnef?* Sloop fired 

* at Rackam's Sloop, the Prifoners at the Bar went 

* down under Deck. That during the Time Cap- 

* tain Barnet chafed them, fome of the Prifoners 
^ at the Bar (but which of them he could not tell^ 
^ helped to row the Sloop, in order to efcape from 

* Barmt : That they all feemed to be conforted to- 

* gether. 

This was the Subflance of all that was evidenced 
againfl them, the Prifoners anfwered in their De- 
fence, ' That they had no WitnefTes : That they 

* had bought a Pettiauger in order to go a Turtle- 

* ing ^ and being at Negril Pointy and juft got afhore, 

* they faw a Sloop with a white Pendant coming 

* towards them, upon which they took their Arms, 

* and hid themfelves in the Bufhes : That one of 

* them haifd the Sloop, who anfwer'd. They were 

* Englifh Me?7y and defired them to come aboard 
^ and drink a Bowl of Punch ^ which they at firft 

* refufed, but afterwards with much perfwafion, 
' they went on Board, in the Sloop's Canoe, and 

* left their own Pettiauger at Anchor : That they 

* had been but a ihort Time on Board, when Cap- 

* tain Barnet's Sloop heaved in Sight : That Rackam 
^ ordered them to help to weigh the Sloop's An- 

* chor immediately, which they all refufed : That 

* Rackam ufed violent Means to oblige them •, and 

* that when Captain Barnet came up with them, 
^ they all readily and willingly fubmitted. 

When the Prifoners were taken from the Bar, 
and the Perfons prefent being withdrawn, the 
Court confidered the Prifoners Cafes, and the Ma- 
jority of the Commiflioners being of Opinion, 
that they were all Guilty of the Pyracy and Fe- 

156 Of Cam. JoHi^f Rack AM. 

lonlythey were charged with, which was, th'ego^ 
itf^^ over with a l*yratical and felotnous Intent to Jci/o Ra- 
ckam, &c. then notorious Py rates ^ and by them known 
to he foy they all received Sentence of Oea^h ; 
which every Body muft allow proved IbmewhaC 
Vinlucky to the poor Fellows. 

On the T 7th of February^ John Eaton^ Thomas Qukk 
and Thomas Baker^ were executed at Gallows Pointy 
Tit Port Royal, and the next Day John Cole, John Ho^ 
Ward and Benjamin P aimer , were executed at Kingflon • 
whether the other three were executed afterwards, 
or not, 1 never heard. 

Two other Py rates were try'd that belonged to 
^ackam's Crew, ^ and being convifted, were brought 
up, and asked if either of them had any Thing to 
lay why Sentence of Death' ihould not pafs upon 
them, in like Manner as had been done to all the 
reft ; and both of them pleaded their Bell'es^ be- 
ing quick with Child, and pray'd that Execution 
might be ftay'd, whereupon the Court patfed Sen- 
tence, as in Cafes of Pyracy, but ordered them 
back, till a proper Jury fhould be appointed to en- 
quire into the Matter. 



The LIFE 0/ Mary Read, 

NO W we are to begin a Hiftory full of fur- 
prizing Turns and Adventures ; I mean, that 
of Mary Read and \Am2e Bonny ^ alias Bonn^ which 
were, clie true i^ames of thefe two Py rates ^ the 
odd Incidents of their rambling Lives are fuch, 
that feme may be tempted to think the whole 
iStory no better than a Novel or Romance^ but 
ii-ice it is fupported by many thoufand Witneifes, 
I mea.i the People of Jamaica^ v^^ho were prefent 
at their Tryals, and heard the Story of their Lives, 
upon the firft difcovery of their Sex ; the Truth ot 
it can be no more contelied, than that there were 
fjch Men in the World, as Roberts and Black-heard^ 
who were Py rates. 

Mary Read was born in England^ her Mother was 
married young, to a Man who ufed the Sea, who 
going a Voyage foon after their Marriage, left her 
with Child, which Child proved to be a Boy. As 
to the Husband, whether he was caft away, or 
died in the Voyage, Mary Read could not tell •, but* 
however, he never returned more % neverthelels, 
the Mother, who was young and airy, met with 
an Accident, which has often happened to Women 
who are youn^ and do not take a great deal of 
Care ^ which was, ihe Icon proved with Child 
again, without a Husband to Father it, but how, 
or by whom, none but her felf could tell, for ihe 
carried a pretty good Reputation among her Neigh- 
bours. Finding her Burthen grow, in order to 
conceal her Shame, fhe takes a formal Leave of her 
Husband's Relations, giving, out, that flie went to 
live with feme Friends ot her own, in the Country : 
Accordingly ihe went away, and carried with her 
her young Son, at this Time, not a Year old : Soon 


•158 Of Mart Reah. 

after her Departure her Son died, but Providence 
in Return, was pleafed to give her a Girl in his 
Room, of which Ihe was fafely delivered, in her 
Retreat, and this was our Mary Read. 

Here the Mother liv'd three or four Years, till 
what Money Ihe had was almoft gone ^ then ihe 
thought of returning to London^ and confidering 
that her Husband's Mother was in fome Gircuni-» 
fiances, Ihe did not doubt but to prevail upon her^ 
to provide for the Child, if (he could but pafs it 
upon her for the fame, but the changing a Girl 
into a Boy, feem'd a difficult Piece of Work, and 
how to deceive an experienced old Woman, in fuch 
a Point, was altogether as impoifible^ however^ 
jQie ventured to drefs it up as a Boy, brought it 
to Town, and prefented it to her Mother in Law, 
as her Husband's Son ; the old Woman would have 
taken it, to have bred it up, but the Mother pre* 
tended it would break her Heart, to part with it ; 
lb it was agreed betwixt them, that the Child ihould 
live with the Mother, and the fuppoled Grand- 
mother Ihould allow a Crown a Week lor it's 

Thus the Mother gained her Point, fhe bred up 
her Daughter as a Boy, and when Ihe grew up 
to fome Senfe, Ihe thought proper to let her into 
the Secret of her Birth, to induce her to conceal 
her Sex. It happen'd that the Grandmother died, 
by which Means the Subfiftance that came from 
that Quarter, ceafed, and they were more and more 
reduced in their Circumftances *, wherefore flie was 
obliged to put her Daughter out, to wait on a 
Fre-nch Lady, as a Foot-boy, being now thirteen 
Years of Age : Here fhe did not live long, for 
growing bold and ftrong, and having alfo a roving 
Mind, ilie entered her felf on Board a Man of War, 
where ihe ferved fome Time, then quitted it, 
went over into Flanders, and carried Arms in a Re- 

Of Mart Read. 159 

giment of Foot, as a Cadet •, and tho' upon all AO:ions, 
fhe behaved herfelf with a great deal of Bravery, 
yet ihe could not get a Commiilion, they being ge- 
nerally bought and fold ^ therefore fhe quitted the 
Service, and took on in a Regiment of Horfe • flie 
behaved ib well in feveral Engagements, that ihe 
got the Efteem of all her Officers •, but her Com- 
rade who was a Flemhig^ happening to be a hand- 
fome young Fellow, fhe falls in Love with him, and 
from that Time, grew a little more negligent in 
her Duty, fothat, it feems, 7l/^r^ ?in(\ Fenus could 
not be ferved at the fame Time ^ her Arms and 
Accoutrements which were always kept in the 
beft Order, were quite negleOred : 'tis true, when 
her Comrade was ordered out upon a Party, ihe 
ufed to go without hein^ commanded, and fre-^. 
quently run herfelf into Danger, where fhe had 
no Buiinefs, only to be near him ^ the reft of the 
Troopers little fufpefting the fecret Caufe which 
moved her to this Behaviour, fancied her to bo 
mad, and her Comrade himfelf could not account 
for this ftrange Alteration in her, but Love is in- 
genious, and as they lay in the fame Tent, and 
were conftantly together, ilie found a Way of let- 
ting him difcover her Sex, without appearing that 
it was done with Defign. 

He was much furprized at what he found out, 
and not a little pleafed, taking it for granted, that 
he fhould have a Miflrefs fblely to himfelf, which 
is an unufual Thing in a Camp, fince there is fcarce 
one of thofe Campaign Ladie?, that is ever true 
to a Troop or Company- fo that he thought oi 
nothing but gratifying his PalTions with very lit- 
tle Ceremony -^ but*he found himlelf ftrangely mi- 
ftaken, for fte proved very referved and modeft-, 
and refilled all his Temptations, and- at the fame 
Time was fb obliging and infmuating in her Car- 
riage, that flie quite changed his Purpofe, fo far 


i6o Of Mart Read. 

from thinldnj^ of makiiii^ her his Miftrefs, he* 
jiow courted her for a Wife. 

This was the urmofi: Wijh of her Heart, in fliort . 
they exchanged Promilos, and when the Campaign 
was over, and the Regiment marched into Winter 
Quarters, they bought Woman's App:\rel for her, 
wifh fuch Money as they coiiki ma'ke up betwixt 
them, and were pnblickly married. 

The Story of twc) TrooptM's marrying each other, 
itiftde a great Noife, fo that feveral Officers were 
drawji by Curiofity to a/Iirt- at tJie Ceremony, and 
thev agreed amons^ tliomfelves that every one of 
them iliould make a fmall Prefent to tlie Bride, 
towards Hon fe- keeping, in Confideration of her 
having been their follow Soldier. Thurs heing let 
up, they leemed to have a Defireof quitting the 
Service, and lettling in the World-, the Adventure 
of their Love and Marriage hnd gain;>d them fb 
much Favour, that they eafily obtained their Dif- 
chtirge, and they immediately let up an Eating 
Ploufe or Ordinary, which was tlie Sign of the 
Thnr Florfc'Shocs^ near the Cn'ftle of Bred.i^ where 
thoy foon run iiito a good Trade, a great many 
Officers eating with them conftantly. 

But this Happinefs lafted not long, for tlie Hus- 
band ioon died, and the Peace of Rcfwkk being 
concluded, there was no Refort of Officers to Brcda^ 
as uliial '^ [o that the Widow having little or no 
Trade, was forced to give up Houfe- keeping, and 
her Subllance being by Degrees quite (pent, fhe 
again airumos her Mnn"*s Apparel, and going into 
HolLvid^ there takes on in a Regiment of Foot, 
quarcer'd in one of the Frontier Towns : Here 
i\\o did not remain long, tliere was no likelihood 
of Preferment in Time of Peace, therefore ihe took 
a Relblution of feeking her Fortune another Way ; 
anvl withdrawing from the Regiment, fhips her- 
lelf on Board of a Vclfel bound for the Wcft-LtdJes. 


Of Mart Read. i6t 

It happeuM this Ship was taken by En^Ufli Py- 
rates, and M^rry Read was the only Ergljlj Per- 
fbn on Board, tfiey kept her amcngft theiTij and 
having plundered the Ship, let it go again •, after 
following this Trade for fome Time, the King's 
Proclamation came out, and was publifh'd in all 
Parts of the iVefl-hdUs^ for pardoning fuch Py- 
rates, who Hiould voluntarily furrender themfelves 
by a certain Day therein mentioned. The Crew 
of Al.^ry Rend took the Benefit of this Proclama- 
tion, and having furrender'd, liv'd quietly on Shore ^ 
but Money beginning to grow fhort, and hearing 
that Captain H^oods ^Rogers] Governor of the Ifland 
of Providence^ was fitting out fome Privateers to 
cruife againfl the 5/)^;7/W/, fhe with feveral otherji 
embark'd for that Ifland, in order to go upon the 
privateering Account, being refolved to make her* 
Fortune one way or other, 

Thefe Privateers were no fboner fail'd out, but 
the Crews of fome of them, who had been pardo- 
ned, rofe againft their Commanders, and turned 
themfelves to their old Trade : In this Kumber 
was Mary Read. It is true, flie often declared, that 
the Life of a Pyrate was what fhe always abhor'd, 
and went into it only upon Compulfion, both this 
Time, and before, intending to quit it, whenever 
a finr Opportunity fliould offer it felf •, yet fome of 
the Evidence againft her, upon her Tryal, who 
were forced Men, and had failed with her, depofed . 
upon Oath, that in Times of Action, no Pcrfon 
amongft them were more refolute, or ready to 
Board or undertake any Thing that was hazardous, 
as flie and A?me Bonny^ and particularly at the Time 
they were attack'd and taken, when they came 
to clofe Q_uarters, none kept the Deck except 
Mary Read and Atine 'Bonny ^ and one more; up- 
on which, fhe, Mary Ready called to thofe under 
Deck, to come up and fight like Men, and findini^ 

L. they 

i62 Of Mart Read. 

they did not ftir, fired her Arms down the Hold 
amongft them, killing one, and wounding others. 

This was part of the Evidence againft her, which 
ihe denied •, which, whether true or no, thus much 
is certain, that fhe did not want Bravery, nor in- 
deed was ihe lefs remarkable for her Modefty, 
according to her Kotions of Virtue : Her Sex was 
not fo much as fufpe£led by any Perfon on Board, 
till u4?2f7e Bonnyy who was not altogether fo referved 
in point of Chaftity, took a particular liking to 
her ^ in fhort, An^e Bonny took her for a handfome 
young Fellow, and for fome Reafbns beft known to 
herlelf, iirft difcovered her Sex to Mary Read-^ Mary 
Read knowing what fhe would be at, and being 
very ieniible uf her own Incapacity that Way, was 
forced to come to a right Underftanding with her, 
and fo to the great Difappointment of Anne Bonny, 
ihe let her know ihe was a Woman alio *, but this 
Intimacy fb di flu rb'd Captain ^^d^;?^, who was the 
Lover and Gallant of Anne Bonny^ that he grew 
furioully jealous, io that he told Anne Bonny, he 
would cut her new Lover's Throat, therefore, to 
quiet him, fhe let him into the Secret alio. 

Captain Rackam, (as he was enjoined,) kept the 
Thing a Secret from all the Ship's Company, yet, 
notwithflanding all her Cunning and Referve, Love 
found her out in this Difguife, and hind^r'd her 
from forgetting her Sex. In their Cruize they took 
a great Number of Ships belonging to Jamaica, 
and other Parts of the Wefv-Indiesy bound to and 
fiom England'^ and when ever they meet any good 
Artill, or other Perfon that might be of any great 
Ufe to their Company, if he was not willing to 
enter, it was their Cuftom to keep him by Force. 
Among thefe was a young Fellow of a moli engage- 
ing Behaviour, or, at leafl, he was fo in the Eyes 
oi Tldary Read, who became fo fmitten with his 
Terfonaad Addrels, that fhe could neither refl, 


Of Mart Read. 163 

Night or Day ; but as there is nothing more inge- 
nious than Love, it was no hard Matter for her, 
who had before been pra£liced in thefe Wiles, to 
find a Way to kt him difcover her Sex : She firft 
infinuated her Glf into his liking, by talking againft 
the Life of a Pyrate, which he was altogether averfe 
to, (b they became Mefs-Mates and ftri^V Compa- 
nions : When fhe found he had a Friendfhip for her, 
as a Man, flie fuffered the Difcovery to be made, 
by carelefly ihewing her Breafts, which were very 

The young Fellow, who was made of Flefh and 
Blood, had his Curioiity and Defire fo rais'd by 
this Sight, that he never ceafed importuning her, 
till fhe confelfed what ihe was. Now begins the 
Scene of Love *, as he had a Liking and Efteem for 
her, under her fuppofed Chara£ler, it was now 
turnM into Fondnefs and Defire ^ her Pailion was 
no lefs violent than his, and perhaps fhe exprefs'd 
it, by one of the moft generous Adions that ever 
Love infpired. It happened this young Fellow had 
a Quarrel with one of the Pyrates, and their Ship 
then lying at an Anchor, near one of the Iflands, 
they had appointed to go afhore and fight, accor- 
ding to the Cuftom of the Pyrates : Mary Read^ 
was to the lafl Degree uneafy and anxious, for the 
Fate of her Lover ^ fhe would not have had him 
refufe the Challenge, becaufe, fhe could not bear 
the Thoughts of his being branded with Cowardife; 
on the other Side, fhe dreaded the Event, and ap- 
prehended the Fellow might be too hard for him : 
When Love once enters into the Breafl of one 
who has any Sparks of Generofity, it ftirs the 
Heart up to the mofl noble Anions •, in this Dilem- 
ma, fhe fhew'd, that fhe fear'd more for h^*s Life 
than (he did for her own •, for fhe took a Refolution 
of quarreling with this Fellow her feU; and ha- 
ving challenged him afhore, fhe appointed the 

L 2 Time 

164 Of Mart Read. 

Time two Hours fooner than that when he was 
to meet her Lover, where flie fought him at Sword 
and Piftol, and killed him upon the Spot. 

It is true, Ihe had fought before, when ilie had 
been infulted by fbme of thofe FeUows, but now 
it was altogether in her Lover's Caufe, fiie flood 
as it were betwixt him and Death, as if Ihe could 
not live without him. If he had no regard for her 
before, this Aftion would have bound him to her 
for ever \ but there was no Occaiion for Ties or 
Obligations, his Inclination towards her was fuifi- 
cient \ in fine, they applied their Troth to each 
other, which Mary Read faid, fhe look'd upon to be 
as good a Marriage, in Confcience, as if it had 
been done by a Minifter in Church-, and to this 
was owing her great Belly, which fhe pleaded to 
lave her Life. 

She declared ihe had never committed Adultery 
or Fornication with any Man, ihe commended the 
Juftice of the Court, before which ihe was tried, for 
diftinguiihing the Nature of their Crimes^ her Hus- 
band, as ihe calPd him, with feveral others, being 
acquitted -^ and being ask'd, who he was ? fhe would 
not tell, but, faid he was an honeft Man, and had 
no Inclination to fuch Pradices, and that they 
had both refolved to leave the Pyrates, the firft 
Opportunity, and apply themfelves to fome ho-» 
nefi: Lively hood. 

It is no doubt, but many had CompalHon for her, 
yet the Court could not avoid finding her Guilty ^ 
for among other Things, one of the Evidences 
againft her, depofed, that being taken by Rackanty 
anddetain'd fome Time on Board, he fell acciden- 
tally into Difcourfe with M4ry Ready whom he ta- 
king for a young Man, ask'd her^ what Pleafure fhe 
, could have in being concerned in fuch Enterprizes, 
.where her Life was continually in Danger, by 
Fire or Sword j and not only fo, but fhe muft be 


Of Mary Read. i6$ 

fureof dying an ignominious Death, if flie fhould 
be taken alive ? -She anfwer'd, that as to hang- 
ing, fhe thought it no great Hardfhip, for, were it 
not for that, every cowardly Fellow would turn 
Pyrate, and To infeft the Seas, that Men of Courage 

muft ftarve : That if it was put to the Choice 

of the Pyrates, they would not have the punifli- 
ment lefs than Death, the Fear of which, kept 
fome daftardly Rogues honeft ^ that many of thofe 
who are now cheating the Widows and Orphans, 
and oppreifing their poor Neighbours, who have 
no Money to obtain Juftice, would then rob at Sea, 
and the Ocean would be crowded with Rogues, 
like the Land, and no Merchant would venture 
out ; fb that the Trade, in a little Time, would not 
be worth following. 

Being found quick with Child, as has been ob- 
ferved, her Execution was refpited, and it is pof. 
iible fhe would have found Favour, but ihe was 
leiz'd with a violent Fever, foon after her Tryal, 
of which ihe died in Prifon. 

The LIFE ^Anne Bonny. 

As we have been more particular in the Lives 
of thefe two Women, than thofe of other 
Pyrates, it is incumbent on us, as a faithful Hi- 
ftorian, to begin with their Birth. Jrwe Bonns was 
born at a Town near Corkj in the Kingdom of Ire^ 
landy her Father an Attorney at Law, but A-ane 
was not one of his legitimate llfue, which feems 
to crofs an old Proverb, which fays, that Baflards 

L 3 Ih-ivc 

i66 Of Anne Bokny. 

have the hep: Luch Her Fathe** was a Married Man, 
and his Wife having beei brought to Bed, con- 
trailed an ninefs in her Iving in, and in order 
to recosrer her Health, fne was advifed to remove 
for Change of Air •, the Place ihe chofe, was a few 
Miles diflance from her Dwelling, where her Hus- 
band's Mother livM. Here fhe fojournd fome Time, 
her Husband ftaying at Home, to follow his Af- 
fairs. The Servant-Maid, whom ihe left to look 
after the Houfe, and attend the Family, being a 
handfome young Woman, was courted by a young 
Man of the fame Town, who was a Tanner \ this 
Tanner ufed to take his Opportunities, when the 
Family was out of the Way, of coming to purfue 
his Gourtili^'p •, and being with the Maid one Day 
as fhe was employed in the Houihold Bufinel% not 
having the Fear of God before his Eyes, he takes 
his Opportunity, when her Back was turned, of 
wh^'pping three Silver Spoons into his Pocket. The 
Maid foon mifs'd the Spoons, and knowing that 
T\o Body had been in the Room, but herfelf and 
the young Man, fi nee ihe faw them laft, fhe char- 
ged him with taking them ^ he very ftiiiy denied it, 
upon which fhe grew outragious, and threatned to 
go to a Conf^able, in order to carry him before a 
Juflice of Peace : Thefe Menaces frighten'd him out 
of his Wits, well knowing he could not fland 
Search; wherefore he endeavoured to pacify her, 
. by defiring her to examine the Drawers and other 
Places, and perhaps fhe might find them ; in this 
Time he flips into another Room, where the Maid 
ufaally lay, and puts the Spoons betwixt the Sheets, 
and then makes his Efcape by a back Door, con- 
cludiiig fne muft find them, when (he went to Bed, 
and fo next Day he might pretend he did it only to 
frighten her, and the Thing might be laugh'doff 
for a jell. ^ ' ' • • v 


Of Anne Bonny. 167 

As loon as ihe mifs'd him, ihe gave over her 
Search, concluding he had carried them off, and 
went direftly to the Conftable, in order to have him 
apprehended : The young Man was informed, that 
a Conftable had been in Search of him, but he 
regarded it but little, not doubting but all would 
be well next Day. Three or four Days palTed, and 
ftill he was told, the Conftable was upon the Hunt 
for him , this made him lye concealed, he could 
not comprehend the Meaning of it, he imagined 
no Jefs, than that the Maid had a Mind to convert 
tte Spoons to her own Ufe, and put the Robbery 
upon him. 

It happened, at this Time, that the Miftrefs be- 
ing perfectly recovered of her late Indifpoiition, 
was return'd Home, in Company with her Mother- 
in-Law ^ the firft Kews fhe heard, was of the Lofs 
of the Spoons, with the Manner how ♦, the Maid 
telling her, at the fame Time, that the young Man 
was run away. The young Fellow had Intelligence 
of the Miftrefs's Arrival, and confidering with 
himfelf, that he could never appear again in his 
Bufmefs, unlefs this Matter was got over, and fhe 
being a good natured Woman, he took a Refolutioii 
of going diredly to her, and of telling her the 
whole Story, only with this Difference, that he did 
it for a Jeft. 

The Miftrefs could fcarce believe it, however, 
fhe went direftly to the Maid's Room, and turn- 
ing down the Bed Cloaths, there, to her great 
Surprize, found the three Spoons^ upon this jfhe 
defired the young Man to go Home and mind 
his Bufmeis, for he ftiould have no Trouble a- 
bout it. 

The Miftrefs could not imagine the Meaning of 
this, fhe never had found the Maid guilty of any 
pilfering, and therefore it could not enter her 
Head, that fhe defigned to fteal the Spoons her 

L 4 felf^ 

i68 Of Anne Bonny. 

lelf--, upon the whole, fhe concluded the Maid had 
not been in her Bed, from the Time the Spoons 
were mifs'd, ilie grew immediately jealous upon it, 
and fufpefted, that the Maid fupplied her Place 
with her Husband, during her Abience, and this 
was the Reafbn why the Spoons were no fooner 

She call'd to Mind feveral Anions of Kindnefs, 
her Husband had, ihewed the Maid, Things that 
pafs'd unheeded by, when they happened, but now 
ihe had go^ that Tormentor, Jealoufy, in her Head, 
amounted to Proofs of their Intimacy *, another Cir- 
cumftance which ftrengthen'd the whole, was, that 
tho' her Husband knew ihe was to come Home 
that Day, and had had no Communication with 
her in four Months, which was before her laft 
Lyi-ig in, yet he took an Opportunity of going out 
of Town that Morning, upon fome flight Pretence : 
«^-~All thefe Things put together, confirm'd her in 
her Jealou fy. 

As Women feldom forgive Injuries of this Kind, 
fhe thought of difcharging her Revenge upon the 
Maid : In order to this, ilie leaves the Spoons where 
ilie found them, and orders the Maid to put clean 
Sheets • upon the Bed, telling her, ihe intended to 
lye there herfelf that Night, bccaufe her Mother 
hi Law was to lye in her Bed, and that ihe fthe 
JMaid) muft lye in another Part of the Houfe *, the 
Maid in making the Bed, was furprized with the 
Sight of the Spoons, but there were very good 
Reafons, why it was not proper for her to tell 
where ihe found them, therefore ihe takes them 
up, puts them in her Trunk, intending to leave 
them' in fome Place, where they might be found 

by chance. 

The Miitrefs, that every Thing might look to 
be done without Defign, lies that Night in the 
Maid's Bedj little dreanqiing of what an Adventure 

■~ ■ - ^ ■ ■' - ■■ it 

Of Anne Bonnt. x6<j 

it ivould produce : After fhe had been a Bed fome 
Time, thinking on what had pafs'd, for Jealouf/ 
kept her awake, ihe heard fome Body enter the 
Room *, at firft ihe apprehended it to be Thieves, 
and was ^o fright'ned, llie had not Courage enough 
to call out^ but when Ihe heard thefe Words, Mary, 
are you awake f She knew it to be her Husband's 
Voice •, then her Fright was over, yet ihe made no 
Anfvver, leall he fliould find her out, if fhe fpoke, 
therefore fhe refolved to counterfeit Sleep, and take 
what followed. 

The Husband came to Bed^ and that Kight 
play'd the vigorous Lover ^ but one Thing Ipoil'd 
the Diverfion on the Wife's Side, which was, 
the Reflexion that it was not defign'd for her ; 
however fhe was very pailive, and bore it like a 
Chriflian. Early before Day, ihe ftole out of 
Bed, leaving him afleep, and went to her Mother 
in Law, telling her what had pafTed, not forgetting 
how he had ufed her, as taking her for the Maid ; 
the Husband alio ffole out, not thinking it conve- 
nient to be catch*d in that Room •, in the mean Time, 
the Revenge of the Miftrefs was ftrongly againft 
the Maid, and without confidering, that to her fhe 
ovv'd the Diverfion of the Night before, and that 
one good Turn fliould defer ve another *, fhe fent for 
a Conftable, and charged her with ftealing the 
Spoons : The Maid's Trunk was broke open, and 
the Spoons found, upon which fhe was carried be- 
fore a juitice of Peace, and by hira committed to 

The Husband loiter'd about till twelve a Clock 
2it Noon, then comes Home, pretended he was 
jufl come to Town •, as foon as he heard what had 
pa/Ted, in Relation to the Maid, he fell into a great 
Paihon with his Wife •, this fet the Thing into a 
greater Flame, the Mother takes the Wife's Part 
jagainft her own Son, infomuch that the Quarrel 


I70 Of Anne Bonnt. 

increaiing, the Mother and Wife took Horfe im- 
jnediately, and went back to the Mother's Houfe, 
and the Husband and Wife never bedded toge- 
ther after. 

The Maid lay a long Time in the Prifon, it being 
near halfaYefir to the AiTizes^ but before it hap- 
pened, it was difcovered ihe was with Child ^ when 
ihe was arraign'd at the Bar, ihe was difcharged for 
want of Evidence \ the Wife's Confcience touched 
her, and as ihe did not believe the Maid Guilty 
of any Theft, except that of Love, ihe did not 
appear againfl her ^ foon after her Acquittal, fhe 
was delivered of a Girl. 

But what alarmM the Husband moft, was, that 
3t was difcovered the Wife was with Child alio, 
he taking it for granted, he had had no Intimacy 
with her, fmce her lail lying in, grew jealous of 
her, in his Turn, and made this a Handle to juili- 
fy himfelf, for his Ufage of her, pretending now 
he had fufpefted her long, but that here was 
Proof ^ ihe was delivered of Twins, a Boy and 
a Girl. 

The Mother fell ill, fent to her Son to recon- 
cile him to his Wife, but he would not hearken to 
it •, therefore fhe made a Will, leaving all ihe had 
in the Hands of certain Truftees, for the Uie 
of the Wife and two Children lately born, and 
died a few Days after. 

This was an ugly Turn upon him, his greatefl 
Dependance being upon his Mother *, however, 
his Wife was kinder to him than he deferved, 
for ihe made him a yearly Allowance out of what 
was left, tho' they continued to live feparate^: It 
lailed near five Years -^ at this Time having a great 
Affeftion for the Girl he had by his Maid, he had 
a Mind to take it Home, to live with him ^ but as 
all the Town knew it to be a Girl, the better to 
difguife the Matter from |;hem, as well as from his 


Of Anne Bonnt. 171 

Wife, he had it put into Breeches, as a Boy, pre- 
tending it was a Relation's Child he was to breed 
up to be his Clerk. 

The Wife heard he had a little Boy at Home 
he was very fond of, but as ihe did not know any 
Relation of his that had flich a Child, fhe em- 
ployed a Friend to enquire further into it; this 
Per Ion by talking with the Child, found it to be a 
Girl, dilcovered that the Servant-Maid was its 
Mother, and that the Husband ftill kept up his 
Cor refponde nee with her. 

Upon this Intelligence, the Wife being unwil- 
ling that her Children's Money fhould go towards 
the Maintenance of Baftards, flopped the Allowance : 
The Husband enraged, in a kind of Revenge, takes 
the Maid home, and lives with her publickly, to 
the great Scandal of his Neighbours ; but he loon 
found the bad EffeO: of it, for by Degrees loft his 
Practice, fo that he fliw plainly he could not live 
there, therefore he thought of removing, and 
turning what EffeOis he had into ready Money ; 
he goes to Cork^ and there with his Maid and 
Daughter embarques for Carolina. 

At fir ft he followed the P raft ice of the Law In 
that Province, but afterwards fell into Merchan- 
dize, which proved more fuccefsful to him, for he 
gained by it fufficient to purchafe a confiderable 
Plantation: His Maid, who pafTed for his Wife, 
happened to dye, after which his Daughter, our 
jinne Bonny ^ now grown up, kept his Houfe. 

She was of a fierce and couragious Temper, 
wherefore, when fhe lay under Condemnation, fe- 
veral Stories were reported of her, much to her 
Difadvantage, as that ftie had WWW ?inEnglijli Set ^ 
• vant-Maid once in her Paftion with a Cafe-Knife, 
while fhe look'd after her Father's Houfe-, but 
upon further Enquiry, I found ^is Story to be 
jgroundlefs : It was certain Ihe was fo robuft, that 

• once 

172- Of Anne Bonny. 

once, when a young Fellow w-ould h^ve Iain with 
her, agalnft her Will, {he beat him fo, that he 
lay ill of it a confiderable Time. . 

While fhe lived v/ith her Father, jfhe was look'd 
upon asonetliat woild be a good Fortune, where- 
fore it was thouia,ht her Father expeded a good 
Match for her*, but ihe fpoilt all, for without 
his Gonfent, ihe marries a young Fellow, who be- 
longed to the Sea, and was not worth a Groat ^ 
which provoked her Father to fuch a Degree, that 
he turned her out of Door??, upon which the young 
Fellow, whomarried her, finding himfelf difap- 
poiDted in his Expe£l:ation, fhipped him felt and 
Wife, for the Ifland of Providence^ expelling Em- 
ployment there. 

Here fhe became acquainted with Raclam the 
Pyrate, who making Gourtfliip to her, foon found 
Means of withdrawing her Affedions from her 
Husband, fb that fhe confented to elope from him, 
^and go to Sea with Rackam in Men's Cloaths : 
She was as good as her Word, and after ihe had 
been at Sea ibme Time, ihe proved- with Child, 
and beginning to grow big, Rackam landed her on 
the Ifland of Cuha •, and recommending her there , 
to fome Friends of his, they took Gare of her, 
till ihe was brought to Bed;- When ihe was up 
and well again, he lent for her to bear him 
Company. . ^ 

The King's Proclamation being-out, for pardon- 
ing of Pyrates, he took the Benefit of it, and fur- 
rendered :, afterwards being fent upon the priva- 
teering Account, he- returned to his old Trade, as 
has been already hinted in the Story of Mary Read, 
In all thefe Expeditions^ ^me Bonny bore him Com- 
pany, and when any Bufinefs was to be done in 
their Way, no Body was more forward or coura- 
gious than flie, and particularly when they were 
taken ^ Ihe and Mary Read^ with one more, were 


Of Anne Bonny. 175 

all the Perfons that durft keep the Deck, as has 
been before hinted. 

Her Father was known to a great many Gentle- 
men', Planters oi Jam^Jcay who had dealt with him, 
and among whom he had a good Reputation ; and 
fome of them, who had been in CaroUnay remem- 
ber'd to have ^qqx\ her in his Houfev wherefore 
they were inclined to fhew her Favour, but the 
A£lion of leaving her Husband was an ugly Cir- 
cumfiance againft her. The Day that Rackam was 
executed, by fpecial. Favour, he was admitted to 
fee her •, but all the Comfort ihe gave him, was, 
that jlde was forry to fee him there ^ hut if he had fought 
like a MaUy he need not have been hangd like a Dog, 

She was continued in Prifon, to- the Time of 
her lying in, and afterwards reprieved from Time 
to Time •, but what is become of her lince, we cai^- 
not tell; only this we know, that ihe was mt 




O F 

Captain Home I Davis, 

And his Crew* 

CAptain Howel BarAs was born at Milford^ m 
Monmouth^ire^ and was from a Boy brought 
up to the Sea. The laft Voyage he made 
from England^ was in the Cadcgan Snow of Brifioly 
Captain Skinner Commander, bound for the Coaft 
of Guiney^ of which Snow Davis was chief Mate : 
They 'were no fooner arrived at Sierraleon on the 
aforefaid Coaft, but they were taken by the Py- 
rate England^ who plunder'd them, and Skinner was 
barbaroufly murdered, as has been related before 
in the Story of Captain England. 

After the Death of Captain Skinner ^ Davis pre- 
tended that he was mightily foUicited by England 
to engage with him • but that he refblutely an- 
fwered, he would fooner be fhot to Death than fign 
the Pyrates Articles. Upon which, England^ -^Iq^- 
led with his Bravery, fent him and the reft of the 
Men again on Board the Snow, appointing him 
Captain ot her, in the Room of Skinner^ comman- 
ding him to purfue his Voyage. He alfo gave him 
a written Paper fealed up, with Orders to open 
it when he Ihould come into a certain Latitude, 


' Of Capt. HowEL Davis. 175 

and at the Peril of his Life follow the Orders there- 
in fee down. This was an Air of Granckur like 
what Princes practice to their Admirals and Gene-* 

rals. It was punctually complied with by Davisy 

who read it to the Ship's Company •, it contained 
no lels than a generous Deed of Gift of the Ship 
and Cargoe, to Davis and the Crew, ordering him 
to go to Braftl and difpofe o^the Lading to the beft 
Advantage, and to make a fair and equal Dividend 
with the reft. 

Davis propofed to the Crew, whether they were 
willing to follow their Diredions, but to his great 
Surprize, found the Majority of them altogether 
averfe to it, wherefore in a Rage, he bad them be 
damn'd, and go where they would. They knew 
that Part of their Cargoe was configned to certain 
Merchants at Barhadoesy wherefore they fteered 
for that Ifland. When they arrived, they related 
to thefe Merchants the unfortunate Death of Skin^ 
nery and the Propofal which had been made to them 
by Davis '^ upon which Davis was feized an,d com- 
mitted to Prilbn, where he was kept three Months ; 
however, as he had been in no Ad of Py racy, he was 
difcharged without being brought to any Tryal, 
yet he could not expert any Emptoyment there ; 
wherefore knowing that the liland o^ Frovidence was 
a kind of Rendevouz of Pyrates, he was refblved 
to make one amongft them, if poilible, and to that 
Purpofe, found Means of iliipping himfelf for that 
Ifland • but he was again diOippointed, for when 
he arrived there, the Pyrates had newly furren- 
dered to Captain Woods Rogers, and accepted of the 
A£t of Grace, which he had juft brought from 

However, Davis was not long out of Bufmefs, 
for Captain Eogers having fitted out two Sloops 
for Trade, one called the Bucky the other the Mum- 
vll Trader-^ Davis found an Employment on Board 


t-jS Of Capu How EL Davis. 

of one of them ; the Lading of thefe Sloops was of 
Gonfiderable Value, confifting of European Goods, in 
order to be exchanged with the French and Sfaniards • 
and many of the Hands on Board of them, were 
the Py rates lately come in upon the late Ad of 
Grace/ The firft Place they touched at, was the 
l{l2.nd o^ Martwicoy belonging to the French^ where 
Davis having confpired with feme others, rife in 
the Night, fecured the Mafter and feized the 
Sloop ^ as loon as this was done, they called to 
the other Sloop, which lay a little Way from 
Chem, among whom they knew there were a great: 
many Hands ripe for Rebellion, and ordered them 
t-o come on Board of them \ the)^ did fo, and the 
greateft Part of them agreed to join with Davis -^ 
thoie who were otherwife inclined, were fent back 
on Board the Mumvil Sloop, to go where they 
pleafed, P^w having firft taken out of her, every 
Thing which he thought might be of Ufe. 
' After this, a Counfel of War was called over z 
krgeBowlof Punch, at which it was propofed to 
chufe a Commander ; the Election wns foon over, 
for it fell upon Davis by a great Majority of legal 
J^olierSy there was no Scrutiny demanded, for all 
^cquiefced in the Choice: As foon as he was polTefs'd 
of his Command, he drew up Articles, which were 
iJgned and fworn to by himfelf and the reft, then 
he made a ihort Speech, the fum of which, was, 
a Declaration of War againft the whole World. 

After this they confulted about a proper Place 
where they might clean their Sloop, a light Pair 
of Heels being of great Ufe either to take, or ef- 
CRpe being taken ^ for this purpofe they made 
Choice of Coxons Hole^ at the Eaft End of the 
Iflaiid of Ciiha^ a Place where they might lecure 
themfelves from Surprize, the Entrance being fo 
narrow, that one Ship might keep out a hundred. 


OfCapt. HowEL Davis. 177 

Here they cleaned with much Difficulty, for they 
had no Carpenter in their Company, a Perfoa of 
great Ufe upon fuch Exigencies ^^irom hence they 
put to Sea, making to the Norch-Side of the Mand 
of HiJfamoU. The firft Sail which fell in their 
Way, was a French Ship o*^ twelve Guns •, it muft 
be obferved, that Davis had but thirty five Hand<^, 
yet Pro/ifions began to grow ihort with him •, 
wherefore he attacked this Ship, fhe ibon ftruck, 
and he fent twelve of his Hands on Board of her, 
in order to plunder : This was no fooner done, but 
a Sail was fpiei a ^reat Way to vVindward of them ; 
they enquired of the French Man v/hat fhe mvaht 
be, he anrvver<sd, that he had fpol:e with a Ship, the 
Day before, Ot 24 Guns and 60 Men, and he took 
this to be the fame. 

Davis then pvopofed to his Men to attnck her, 
telling them, ihe would be a rare Ship rbr tneir 
Uie, but they looked upon it to be an extravagant 
Attempt, and difcovered no Fondnefs for it, bat 
he allured them he had a Stratagem in his Head 
would make all fafe *, wherefore he gave Chace 
and ordered his Prize to do the fame. The Prize 
being a flow Sailor, Davis lirii: came up widi the 
Enemy, and ftanding along Side of them, fhewed 
Ills pyratical Colours : They, much furpriz'd, called 
to Davisy telling him, they wondered at his Im- 
pudence in venturing to come fo near them, and 
ordered him to fir ike *, bat he anfwered, that he in- 
tended to keep them in Play, till his Confort came 
up, who was able to deal with them, and that if they 
did not ftrike to him, they Ihould have but bad 
Quarters ^ whereupon he gave ihem a Broad-Side 
which they returned. 

In the m.ean Time the Prize drew near, who 
obliged all the Prilbners to come upon Deck in 
white Shirts, to make a Shew of Force, as they had 
been direiied by D^w ^ they alfo hoifted a dirty 

M Tar- 

178 Of Capt. How EL Davis. 

Tarpawlin, by Way of black Flag, they having 
no other, and fir'd a Gun : The French Men were fo 
intimidated by this Appearance of Force, that they, 
flruck. Bavis called out to the Captain to come on 
Board of him, with twenty of his Hands •, he did 
fOy and they were all for the greater Security clapt 
into Irons, the Captain excepted : Then he fent 
four of his own Men on Board the fir ft Prize, and 
in order -ftill to carry on the Cheat, fpoke aloud, 
that they fhould give his Service to the Captain, 
and defire him to fend fome Hands on Board the 
Prize, to fee what they had got ; but at the flime 
Time gave them a written Paper, with Inftrudions 
vvMt todo; Here he ordered them to nail up the 
Guns in the little Prize, to take out all the fmall' 
Arms and Powder, and to go every Man of them 
on Board the fecond Prizes when this was done, 
he ordered that more of the Prifoners fhould be 
removed out of the great Prize, into the little 
one, by which he fecured himfelf from any At- 
tempt which might be feared from their Numbers ; 
for thofe on Board of him were faft in Irons, and 
thofein the little Prize had neither Arms nor Am- 
munition. . . - 

Thus the three Ships kept Company for 2 Days, 
when finding the great Prize to be a very dull Sai- 
lor, he thought fhe would not be fit for his Pur- 
pose, wherefore he refolved to reftore her to the 
Captain, with all his Hands \ but firft, he took 
Care to take out all her Ammunition, and every 
Thing elfe which he might poiTibly want. The 
French Captain was in fuch a Rage, at being fo out- 
witted, that when he got on Board his own Ship, 
he was going to throw himfelf over-board, but was^ 
prevented by his Men. 

Having let go both his Prizes, he fteered North- 
ward, in which Courfehe took a fmall Spanijlo Sloop; 
after this, he made towards the IVefiern Iflands,. 


Of Capt. How EL LAp-iSi 179 

fcut tnet with no Booty thereabouts ; then he 
fleered for the Cape de F'erde Iflands, they caft An- 
chor at St. Nicholas^ hoifting EngV.^j Colours ^ the 
Tortuguefe inhabiting there, took him for an E;?^////? 
Privateer, and Lams going ailiore, they both trea- 
ted him very civilly, and alio traded with him. 
Here he remained five WdekSj in \Yhich Time, he 
fend half his Crew, for their Pleafure, took a Jour- 
ney to the chief Town of the Ifland, which was 
19 Miles up the Country : Davis making a good Ap- 
pearance, was carelTed by the Governor and the In-^ 
habitants, and no Diverfion was wanting which tha 
^ortugucfe could fhew, or Money could purchafe • 
after about a Week's Stay, he came back to the Ship, 
and the reft of the Crew went to take their Pleafure 
up to the Town, in their Turn. 

At their Return they 'clean'd their Ship, and put 
to Sea, but not with their tvhole Company •, for 
five of them, like HanmhaPs Men, were fo charm'd 
with the Luxuries of the Place, and the free Con- 
Verfation of fbme Women, that they ftaid behind ; 
^nd one of therri, whofe Name was Charles Franklin^ 
a Monmouth^nre Man, married and fettled himfelf, 
and lives there to this Day. 

From hence they failed to Boneijlfia^ and looked 
into that Harbour, bat finding nothing, they fteer'd 
for the Ifle of May : When they arrived here, they 
met with a great many Ships and VeiTels in the 
Road, all which they plundered, taking out of them 
whatever they wanted *, and alfo flrengthen'd them* 
felves with a great many frefh Hands, who moft 
of thern enter'd voluntarily. One of the Ships they 
took to their own Ufe, mounted her with twenty 
fix Guns, and call'd her the King James, There be- 
ing no freih Water hereabouts, they made towards 
St. JagOy belonging to the Tortugiiefey in order to lay 
in a Store t^ Davl^^ with a few Hands, going afhore 
to find the moft comniodious Place to water at, the 

Ma Cov^r- 

1 8a Of Capu How EL Davis. 

Governor, with fome Attendants, came himfelf and 
examined who thsy were, and whence they came? 
And noL Jiking Davis's Accountof himfelf, the Gover- 
nor was fb plain to tell them, he fufpeded them to 
be Pyrates. Dams feemed mightily aifronted, lan- 
ding much upon his Honour, replying to the Gover- 
nor, he fcorn'd his Words •, however, as foon as his 
Back was turn'd, for fear of Accidents, he got on 
Board again as faft as he could. Davis related what 
had happened, and his Men feemed to refent the Af- 
front which had been offered him. Davu^ upon this, 
told them, he was confident he could furprize the Fort 
in the Night •, they agreed with him to attempt it, 
and accordingly, when it grew late, they went afhore 
"well arm'd ^ and the Guard which was kept, was fb 
negligent, that they got within the Fort before any 
Alarm was given : When it was too late there was 
fome little Refinance made, and three Men killed 
on Davis^s Side. Thofe in the Fort, in their Hur- 
ry, run into the Governor's Houle to fave them- 
ielves, which they barricadoed fo ftrongly, that Da* 
fviis Party could not enter it ^ however, they threw 
jnGranadoe-Shells, which not only ruin'd all the 
Furniture, but kill'd feveral Men within. 

When it was Day the whole Country was alarm'd, 
and came to attack the Pyrates ; wherefore it not 
being their Bufinefs to ftand a Siege, they made the 
beft of their Way on Board their Ship again, after 
having difmounted the Guns of the Fort. By this 
Enterprize they did a great Deal of Mifchief to 
the Tortugutfe^ and but very little Good to them- 

Having put to Sea they mufter'd their Hands, 
and found themfelves near feventy ftrong *, then 
it was propofed what Courfe they iliould fleer, and 
differing in their Opinions, they divided, and by a 
Majoi'ty it was carried for Gambia on the Coaft of 
(Juir^ey ^ of this Opinion was Davisy he having been 


Of Capu How EL DAris. iSx 

employ M In that Trade, was acquainted With the 
Coaft : He told them, that there was a great deal 
of Money always kept in C^w^/^ Caftle, and that it 
would be worth their while to make an Attempt 
upon it. They ask'd him how it was poflible, fmce 
it was garrifoned? He defired they would leave the 
Management of it to him, and he would undertake 
to make them Mafters of it. They began now to 
conceive fb high an Opinion of his ConduO:, as well 
as Courage, that they thought nothing impoilible 
to him, therefore they agreed to obey him, without 
enquiring further into his Deiign. 

Having come within Sight of the Place, he or- 
dered all his Men under Deck, except as many as 
were abfolutely necefTary for working the Ship, 
that thofe from the Fort feeing a Ship with fo few 
Hands, might have no Sufpicion of her being any 
other than a trading VefTel ^ then he ran clofe un- 
der the Fort, and there caft Aix:hor ; and havmg 
ordered out the Boat, he commanded fix Men in 
her, in old ordinary Jackets, while he himfelf^ with 
the Mafter and Doflior, dreffed themfelves like 
Gentlemen •, his Defign being, that the Men Should 
]ook like common Sailors, and they like Merchants. 
In rowing alhore he gave his Men Inftruftions 
what to fiy in Cafe any Queflions iliould be asked 

Being come to the landing Place, he was recei- 
ved by a Filcof Mufqueteers, and conducted into 
the Fort, where the Governor accofting them civil- 
ly, ask'd them who they were, and whence they 
came? They anfvered they were of Lherpoofy 
bound for the River of 5/ w;?^^/, to trade for Gum. 
and Elephants Teeth, but that they were chaced 
on that Coaft by two frcnch Men of War, and nar- 
rowly efcaped being taken, having a little the 
Heels of them ; but now they were ref)lved to 
make the bell: of a bad Market, and would Trade 

M 3 here 

*82 OfCapt. HowEL Davis. 

here for Slaves ^ then the Governor ask'd them^ 
what was tjiech'ef of their Cargo ? Thev anfwer- 
ed. Iron and Plate, which were good Things 
there •, the Governor told them he would Slave 
them to the full Value of their Cargoe, and asked 
them, if they had any European Liquor on Board ? 
they anfwered, a little tor their own TJfe •, how- 
ever, a Hamper fhould be at his Service. The Go- 
vernor then very civilly invited them all to ftay 
and dine with him • Davis told him, tliat being 
Commander of the Ship, he muft go on Board to 
fee her well moored, and give fome other Orders^ 
but thofe two Gentlemen might ftay,'and that he 
Jiimlelf would alio return before Dinner, and bring 
the Hamper of Liquor with him. 

While he was in the Fort, his Eyes were very 
bufy in obferving how Things lay *, he took Notice 
there was a Gentry at the Entrance, and a Guard- 
Houfe juft by it, where the Soldiers upon Duty 
commonly waited, their Arms ftanding in a Cor- 
ner, in a Heap *, he faw alfo a great many fmall 
Arms in the Governor's Hall ;, now when he came 
on Board, he affured his Men of Succefs, defiring 
them not to get drunk, and that as foon as they 
faw the Flag upon the Caftle ftruck, they might 
conclude he was Mafter, and fend twenty Hands 
immediately afhore ; in the mean Time, there be- 
ing a Sloop at Anchor near them, he fent Ibme 
Hands in a Boat, to fecure the Mafter and all the 
Men, and bring them on Boart} of him, leaft they 
obferving any Buftle or arming in his Ship, might 
fend afhore and give Intelligence. 

Thefe Precautions being taken, he ordered his 
Men, who were to go in the Boat with him, to put 
two Pair of Piftols e^ich under their Cloaths, he 
doing the like himfelf, and gave them Directions 
t<3 go into the Guard-Room, and to enter into 
,Cpnyeift|;ion with the Soldiers, and obferve when 
' '" "he 

Of Capt. How EL Davis. 183 

heiliould fire a Piftol thro'the Governor's Win- 
dow, to ftart up at once and fecure the Arms ia 
the Guard-Room. 

When Davis arrived. Dinner not being ready, 
the Governor propofed that they fliould pafs their 
Time in making a Bowl of Punch till Dinner-Time: 
It muil be obferved, that Davis's Coxen waited 
upon them, who had an Opportunity of going 
about all Parts of the Houfe, to fee v/hat Strength 
they had, he whifpered Davis ^ there being no 
Perfon then in the Room, but he, (Davis) the Ma- 
iler, the Do£tor, the Coxen and Governor ^ Davis 
on a fudden drew out a Piftol, clapt it to the Go- 
vernor's Breaft, telling him, he muft furrender the 
Fort and all the Riches in it, or he was a dead 
Man. The Governor being no Ways prepared for 
fuch an Attack, promifed to be very Paiiive, and 
do all they defired, therefore they ihut the Door, 
took down all the Arms that hung in the Hall, 
and loaded them. Davis fires his Piftol thro' the 
Window, upon which his Men, without, executed 
their Part of the Scheme, like Heroes, in an Inftant; 
getting betwixt the Soldiers and their Arms, all 
with their Piftols cock'd in their Hands, while one 
of them carried the Arms out. When this was 
done, they locked the Soldiers into the Guard- 
Room, and kept Guard without. 

In the. mean Time one of them Aruck the Union 
Flag on the Top of the Caftle, at which Signal 
thofe on Board lent on Shore a Reinforcement of 
Hands, and they got Poifeilion of the Fort with- 
out the leaft Hurry or Confufion, or ih much as a 
Man loft of either Side. 

Davis harangued the Soldiers, upon which a 
great many of them took on with Iiim, thole 
who refufed, he fent on Board the little' Sloop 
and becaule he would not beat the Trouble of a 
Guard for them, he ordered all the Sails and Cables 

.^^ 4 ouc 

'184 0/ Capt. How EL Davis. 

out of her, which mighc hinder them from attempt- 
in ii to (ret a^vay. 

This Day was (pent in a kind of RejovGing, the 
Caftle firinv: her Gun^ to falute the Ship, and the 
Ship tlie Caftle ; but the next Day they minded 
their Bufmefs, that is, they fell to plundering, but 
they found Things fall vaitly iiOT-t o[ their Ex- 
pectation ; ibr they difcovered, that a '^reat deal of 
Money had been lately fent away ^ hovvever, they 
jTiei: with the \' aluc of about two thoufand Pounds 
Sterling in Ear Go'd, and a great many other rich 
Effeds : Every Thing they liked, which was por- 
table, they brought aboard their Ship^ fome Things 
which thev h?d no Ufe for, they were fo generous 
to make a Frefent of, o the M after and Crew of the 
Jittle Sloop, to whom they alfo returned his Velfel 
again, and then they fell to work in difmounting 
the Gun?, and dt molHhing the Fortifications, 

After they had done as much Mifchief as they 
could, and were weighing Anchor to be gone, they 
fpy'd a Ship bearing down upon them in full Sail^ 
they fbon got their Anchor's up, and were in a 
Read'nefs to receive her. This Sh'p pi'ov d to be 
a prench Pyrate of fourteen Guns and fixty fnir 
Hands, half French^ half Keg^oe?^^ the Captain's 
Krme was La Boufe •, he expelled no lefs than a rich 
Prize, which m^ide him fo eager in the Chace ; but 
when he c^m^ rear enough to fee their Guns, and 
the Number of their Eandf^ upon Deck, he began 
to think he fnould catch a 'tartar^ and fuppofed her 
to be a (mall LngU^ Maii of War •, however, fince 
there was no efcaping, he refolved to do n bold and 
defperate A^V^on, which was to board Davis. As 
he wa/5 making towards her, for this Purpole, he 
fired '\ pu: 5 and holfted his black Colours \ Davis 
returned ^he Salute, and hoifted his black Colours 
alfo. The French Man was not a little pleafed at this 
happy Mi Hake •, they both hoifted out their Boats, 


Of Capu HojfEL DAris. i8$ 

and the Captains went to meet and congratulate 
one another with a Flag of Truce in their Sterns; 
a great many Civilities pafTed between them, and 
LaBoufe df fired JOavis, that they might fail down 
theCoaft t- ge- her, that he (LaBoufe) might get 
a better Sh'p: Davis agreed to it, and very cour* 
teouily promifed him the firft Ship he took, fit for 
his Ufe, he would give him, as being willing to 
encourage a willing Brother. 

The firft Place they touch'd at, was Sierraieon, 
where at firft going in, they fpied a tall Ship at 
Anchor ^ Davis being the beft Sailor firft came up 
with her, and wondering that fhe did not try to make 
off, fufpeded her to be a Ship of Force. As foon as 
he came along Side of her, ihe brought a Spring 
upon her Cable, and fired a whole Broadfide upon 
Davisy at the fame Time hoifted a black Flag ; 
Davis hoifted his black Flag in like Manner, and 
fired one Gun to Leeward. 

In fine, (he proved to be a Pyrate Ship of twenty 
four Guns, commanded by one Cocklyriy who expect- 
ing the^e two would prove Prizes, let them come 
in, leaft his getting under Sail might frighten 
them away. 

This Satisfaftion was great on all Sides, at this 
Junftion of Confederates and Brethren in Iniquity *, 
two Days they fpent in improving their Acquain- 
tance and Friendfhip, the third Day Davis and Cock* 
lyn^ agreed to go in La Boufe''s Brigantine and attack 
the Fort • they contrived it fo, as to get up thither 
by high Water ; thofe in the Fort fufpe^led them 
to be what they really were, and therefore flood 
upon their Defence ^ when the Brigantine came 
within Musket-Shot, the Fort fired all their Guns 
upon her, the Brigantine did the like upon the 
Fort, and fo held each other in Play for leveral 
Hours, wheni' the two confederate Ships were come 
^up to the Aififtance of the Brigantine \ thofe who 


i86 Of Cap. How EL Davis. 

defended the Fort, feeing fuch a Number of Hands 
on Board thefe Ships, had not the Courage to 
ft^^d 'it any longer, . but abandoning the Fort, -left 
it to the Mercy or the Py rates. ^ ,- , x^ 

They took Polleilion of it, and cojitinued tji^p^ 
nearfeven Weeks, in which Time they all cleaned 
their Ships. We ihould have obferved, that a Galley 
came into the^Road while they were there, which 
Davis iniifled fhould be yielded to La Boufe^ accor^ 
ding to his Word of Honour before given ^ Cack- 
lyn did not oppofe it, ib La Boufe went into her^ 
v/ith his Crew, and dutting away her half -Pec;Jf, 
mounted her with twenty four Guns. 

Kaving called a Gouiifel of War, they agreed itq 
fail down the Coafl together, and for the greater 
Grandeur, appointed a Commadore, which was 
Dams '^ but they had not kept Company lon^ 
when drinking together on Board of Davis^ they 
had like to have fallen together by the Ears, th.Q 
ftrong Liquor ftirring up a Spirit of Difcord among 
them, and they quarrelled, but Davis put an End 
to it, by this fnort Speech : — — Hearkye^you Cock- 
Jin and La Boufe, Ifi?7d by (irengthening you^ I have 
fut a Rod into your Hands to whip my felfj hut rmftill able 
to deal -with ym both ; but (ince we met in Love^ let us 
fart in Love ^ for 1 find ^ that three of a Trade can never 

agree. Upon which the other two vvent on Boardi 

their refpe^'ive Ships, and immediately parted, each 
fleering a different Gourfe. . . ,\ 

Davis held on his Way down the Coaft, and 
making CRjpe ^ppolloniay he met with two Scotch 
and one EngUjlo Velfel, which he plundered, and then 
let go. About five Days after he fell in with a Dutch 
Interloper of thirty Guns aiid ninety Men, (half 
being EngUflj,') off Cape Three poi-ats Bay , Davis com- 
ing up along Side of her, the Dutch Man gave the 
firft Fire, and pouring in a broad-Side u^onDavis^ 
killed nine of his Men, Davis returned it, and a 


Of Capt. HowEL Davis. 187 

vei^ hot EngageinenC followed, which laded from 
one a Clock at Noon, till nine next Morning, 
when the Dutch Man ftruck, aiid yielded her ftif 
their Prize, . . . 

Davis fitted up the Dutch Ship for his own 
Ufe^ and called her the Rover y aboard of which -he 
inounted thirty two Guns, and twenty feven Swi- 
vels, and proceeded with her and the Klrig Jamcsy 
to Anamahoe''^ he entered the Bay betwixt the Hours 
of twelve and one at Noon, aiid found there three 
Ships lying at Anchor, who were trading for Ne- 
groes, Gold and Teethe The Names of thefe Ships 
were the Hlnh Pink, Captain Hall Commander, the 
Trinccfsy C3.i^t2Lm Plumb j of which RohertSy who will 
make a confiderable Figure in the fequel of this 
Hiftory, was fecond Mate, and the Morrice Sloop, 
Captain Fm:^ he takes thefe Ships without any Re^ 
liftance, and having plundered them, he makes a 
Preleat of one of them, viz.. the Morrice Sloop, to 
the Dutch Men, on Board of which alone were found. 
a hundred and forty Negroes, befides dry Goods, 
and a confiderable Quantity of Gold-Dufl:. 
■ It happened there were feveral Canoes along Side 
.6f this lafl, when Davis came in, who faved them- 
felves and got alhore -^ thefe gave Notice at the 
Fort, that thefe Ships were Pyrates, upon which 
the Fort fired upon them, but without any Exe- 
cution, for their Mettle was not of Weight enough 
to reach them ^ Davis therefore, by Way of De- 
fiance, hoifled his black Flag and returned tljeir 
Compliment. . \.\-,f* , • 

' The fame Day he faifd with his three Ships, 
making his Way down the Coafl towards Trince.Sj a 
fortuguefe Colony .* But, before we, proceed any far- 
ther in Davis's Story, we fhall give our Reader an 
Account of the Tortuguefe Settlements on this Coaft, 
with other curious Remarks, as they were commu- 
nicated to me by an ingenious Gentlemi^n, lately ar- 
yed from thofe Parts. jt De- 

i88 OfCapt. How EL Davis. 

A T>efcription of the Ijland^ ofSt.TuouE^ 
Del Principe^ and Annobono- 

As the Tortuguefe were the great Improvers of 
Navigation, and the firft European who traded 
too and lettled on the Coafts of Afrkay even round 
to Indla^ and made thofe Difcoveries, which now 
turn fo much to the Advantage of other Nations, 
it may not be amifs, previoufly to a Defer iption 
of thofe Iflands, to hint on that wonderful Pro- 
perty of the Loadftone, that a little before had been 
found out, and enabled them to purfue luch new and 
daring Navis^ations. 

The attractive Power of the Loadftone, was uni^ 
Terfaily known with the Ancients, as may be be- 
lieved by its being a native Foiljl of the Grecians^ 
(Jida^nes a Magnefia) but its direftive, or polar Vir- 
tue, has only been known to us within this 350 
Years, and faid to be found out by "John Goia of 
Malphiy in the Kingdom of Naples, Prima dedit nau- 
tis ttfum magTietis Amahhi ^ tho' others think, and 
afTure us, it was tranfported by Taulus Venetus from 
China to It^ly, like the other famous Arts of modent 
Ufe with us, PRINTING and the Vfe of GUNS. 

The other Properties or Improvements of the 
Magnet, viz. Variation, or its DefiuOrion from an 
exaft N. or S. LinejVariation of that Variation, and 
its Inclination, were the Inventions of Sehaflian C^r. 
hot, Mr. Gellihra^jd, and Mr. Norman *, the Inclinati- 
on of the Needle, or that Property whereby it 
keeps an Elevation above the Horizon, in all Plai- 
ces but under the Equator, (whe'*e its Parallel) is 
as furprizing a Phsenomenon as any, and n'as the 
Dilcovery of our Countrymen •, and couM it be 
found regular, I imagine would very much help to- 
wards the Dilcovery of Longitude, at ieaft would 

^ point 

Of Gapt. How EL Bavts. 189 

point out better Methods than hitherto known, 
when Ships drew nigh Land, which would anfwer 
as ufeful an End. 

Before the Verticity and Ufe of the Compafs, the 
Tortuguefe l^avlgations had extended no farther 
than Cape Non^ (it was their ne plus nltra^ and 
therefore fo called ^ diftrefs of Weather, indeed, 
had drove fbme Coafters to Torto Santo^ and Madera^ 
before any certain Method of fleering was inven- 
ted ^ but after the Needle was feen thus infpired, 
Kavigatiou every Year improved under the great 
Incouragements of Henry ^ Alphonfus^ and 'John II. 
Kings ot Vortugaly in Part of the 14th and in 
the 15th Century. 

King Alphonfus was not fo much at leafure as his 
Predeceffor, to purfiie thele Difcoveries, but ha- 
ving feen the Advantages accrued to Portugal by 
them, and that the Pope had confirmed the per- 
petual Donation of ail they fhould difcover be- 
tween Cape Bajadore and IndUj incluiively, he refol- 
ved not to negleO: the proper Ailiftance, and farm- 
ed the Profits that did or might enfue to one Bernard 
Comez.^ a Citizen of Lisbon^ who was every Voyage 
obl-Jied to difcover too Leagues, ftiil farther on: 
And about the Year 1470 made thefe Iflands, the 
only Places (of all the coiifiderable and large 
Colonies they had in Africa,) that do now remain 
to that Crown. 

St. Tljome is the principal of the three, whofe 
Governour is ftiled Captain General of the Iflands, 
and from whom the other at Princes receives his 
Commiilion, tho' nominated by the Court of Portugal^ 
It is a Bilhoprick with a great many fecular Clergy 
who appear to have neither Learning nor Devotion, 
as may be judged by feveral of them being Ne- 
groes ; One of the Chief of them, invited us to 
iiear Mafs, as a Diverfion to pafs Time away, 
urhere he, and his inferior Brethren afted fuch af- 


^90 Of Capt. HOWEL DAVi36 

leered Geftures and Strains of Voice, as fliewed td 
the'w Diilionour, they had no other Aim than 
pleafing us ^ and what I think was ftill worfe, it 
was not without a View of Intereft ^ for as thefe 
Clergy are the chief: Traders, they floop to piti- 
ful and fcandalous Methods for ingratiating them- 
felves : They and the Government, on this tra- 
ding Account, maintain as great Harmony, being 
ever jealous of each other, and praftiling little 
deceitful Arts to monopolize what Strangers hare 
l:b offer for fale^ whether Toys or Cloaths, which 
of al! Sorts are ever Gommodious with the Tortu- 
gucfe^ in all Parts of the World ^ an ordinary Suit of 
Black will fell for feven or eight Pound ; a Turnftile 
Wig oF four Sliillirigs, for a Moidore *, a Watch ojf 
forty Shillings, for fix Pound, &c, '' 

') The Town is of mean Building, but large and popu- 
iMs,the Refidenceof the greater Pai^t of the Na- 
tives, who, thro' the whole Iflahd, are computed 
at ipooo, the Militia at 3000, and are in general, 
a' rafcally thievifh Generation, as an old grave 
^rieiid of mine can Witnefs ^ for he having car- 
tied a* Bag of fecond hand Cloaths on Shore, to 
truck for Provifions, feated himfelf on the Sand 
for that Purpofe, prefently gathered a Crowd 
round him, to view them ^ one of which defired to 
know the Price of a black Suit, that unluckily 
Jay uppermoft, and was the beft of them, agree- 
ing to the Demand, with little Hefitation, provid- 
ed it would but fit him ^ he put them on im- 
mediately, in as much hurry as poilible, without 
any co-liccntia Selgnor *, and when my Friend was 
about to commend the Goodnefs of the Suit, and 
ExaO:nefs they fet with, not dreaming of the Im- 
pudence of running away from a Crowd, the Rafcal 
took to his Heels, my Friend followed and bawl- 
ed very much, and tho' there was 500 People 
about the Place, it ferved to no other End but 


Of Gapt. Bow El. Davis. 19T 

making him a clear Stage, that the beft Pair of 
Heel's might carry it -, lb he loft the Suit of Cloaths, 
and before he could return to his Bag, others of 
them had beat off his Servant, and fhared .the 

Moft of the Ships from Cumf;' of 'the*f own 
Kation, and frequently thofe of ours, call at one 
or other of thefe lilands, to recruit .with freih Pro- ' 
vifionsj and take in Water, which on the Coaft 
are not lb good, nor fo conveniently to come by : 
Their own Ships likewife, when they touch here^* 
are obliged to leave the King his Cuftom for thei^^ 
Slaves, which is always in Gold, at ib much a'" 
Head, without any Deduftion at Br^y?/, for the. 
Mortality that may happen afterwards ; this by"; 
being a conftant BanFto pay 'Olf the civil and mi-' 
litary Charges of ■ the Government, prevents tKel " 
Inconveniency of Pvcmnttances, tind keeps both it* 
and Pn;7Cfjlfle rich enough to pay ready Money ' 
for every Thing they want of $wrofeans. 

Their Beefs are imall and lean, (two hundred. 
Weight or a little more,) but the Goats, Hogs and" 
Fowls very good, their Sugar courfe and dirty, 
and Rum very ordinary •, as thefe Refreihment? 
lay moft with People who are in want of other" 
ISJecelTaries, they come to us^ in Way of bartering, 
very cheap: A good Hog for'an old Cutlafti •, a fat 
Fowl for a Span o^ Brafd Tobacco, .(no other Sort 
being valued, &c.) But with Money you give 
eight Dollars pfr Head for Gattle ; three Dollars^ for 
a Goat •, fix Dollars for a grown Hog • a Teftune and 
a Half for a Fowl •, a Dollar pr Gallon for Rum y 
two Dollars a Roove for Sugary and half a Dollar 
for a Dozen of Paraquets: Here is Plenty like-' 
wife of Corn and Farine, of Limes, Citrons and 

The Ifland is reckoned nigh a Square, each Side 
18 Leagues long, hilly, and lays under the Exjui- 

192 Of CapU HOWEL V>AVISli 

fio^iaty a wooden Bridge juft without the Town^ 
being faid not to deviate the leafi Part of a Minute, 
either to the Southward or Northward •, and not- 
vvithftanding this warm Scituation, and continual 
vertical Suns, the Iflanders are very healthy, im- 
puted by thofe who are dilpofed to be merry^ in a 
great Meafure to the Want of even fo much as 
one Surgeon or Phyfician amongft them^ 

Ille Bel Principe^ the next in Magnitude, a plea* 
iant and delightful Spot to the grave, and thought- 
full Difpofition of the Portugueje, an Improvement of 
Country Retirement, in that, this may be a happy 
and uninterrupted Retreat from the wholeWorld. 

I fhall divide what I have to fay on this Ifland, 
into Obfervations made on our Approach to it, 
on the Seas round it, the Harbour, Produce of 
the Ifland and Seafons, Way of Living among the 
Inhabitants, fome Cuftom of the Negroes, with 
luch proper Dedu^ions on each as may illuftrate 
the Defcription, and inform the Reader. 

We were bound hither from Whydahy at the 
latter Part of the Month 7«/y, when the Rains 
are over, and the Winds hang altogether S. W. (as 
they do before the Rains, S. E.) yet with this 
Wind Cwhen at Sea) we found the Ship gained 
unexpe£i:edly fo far to the Southward, (i» e. Wind- 
ward,) that we could with eaie have weathered 
any of the Iflands, and this feems next to impof- 
fible ihouldbe, if the Currents, which were ftrong 
to Leeward, in the Road of Whydah^ had extended 
in like Manner crofs the Bite of Benin : No, it mufl 
then have been very difficult to have weathered 
even Cape Formofa : On this Occafion, I fhall farther 
expatiate upon the Currents on the whole Coaft 
of Gta'ney. 

The Southern Coaft of Africa runs in a Line of 
Latitude, the Northern on an Eaftern Line, but 
both ft rait, with the fewefl Inlets, Gulphs or 


Of Capt. HowEL Davis. 19^ 

Bays, of either of the four Continents ; the only- 
large and rem.irkable one, is that of Benin and Ca^ 
lahary towards which the Currents of each Coaft 
tend, and is ftrongeft from the Southward, be- 
caufe more open to a larger Sea, whofe rifiiig ic 
is (tho' little 'and indifcernable at any Diftanca 
from the Land,J that gives rife to thefe Currents 
clofe in Shore, which are nothing but Tides altered 
and difturbed by the Make and Shape of Lands. 

For Proof of this, I Ihall lay down the following 
Obfervations as certain Fads. That in the Rivers 
of Gambia and Sierraleon^ in the Straits and Chan- 
nels of Benin^ and in general along the whole 
Coaft, the Flowings are regular on the Shores, 
with this Difference-, that, in the abovemention'd 
Rivers, and in the Channels of Benirty where the 
Shore contra£V the Waters into a narrov/ Compafs, 
the Tides are ftrongand high, as well as regular ^ 
but on the dead Coaft, where it makes an equal 
Reverberation, flow and low, fnot to above two 
or three Foot,) increafmg as you advance towards 
Benin *, and this is farther evident in that at Cape 
Corfoy Succonda and Commenda^ and where the Land 
rounds and gives any Stop, the Tides flow regularly 
to four Foot and upwards •, when on an evener 
Coaft, (tho' next adjoining,^ they ihall not exceed 
two or three Foot •, and ten Leagues out at Sea, 
(where no fuch Interruption is, ) they become 
fcarcely, if at all, perceptible. 

What I would deduce from this, befides a Con- 
firmation of that ingenious Theory of the Tides, 
by Captain Halley ^ is iirft, that the Ships bound to 
j^ngoUj Cahenda^ and other Places on the Southern 
Coaft of Africa^ fhouldcrofs the zy€^uino^ial trom 
Cape Palmas , and run into a Southern Latitude, 
without keeping too flir to the Weftward ; and 
the Reafon feems plain, for if you endeavour 
to crofs ic about the lllands, you meet Calms, 

K foutherly 

194 0/ Capt. How EL Davis. 

foutherly Winds and oppofite Currents; and if 
too far to the Weftward, the trade Winds are ftrong 
and unfavourable ; for it obliges you to fland in- 
to 28 or 30^ Southern Latitude, till they are va- 

Secondly, On the Northern Side of Gulney^ if 
Ships are bound from the Gold-Coafi; to Sierraleorty 
Gamblay or elfewhere to Windward, confidering 
the V/eaknefs of thefe Currents, and the Favou- 
rablenefs of Land Breezes, and Southerly in the 
Rains, Turnadoes, and even of theTradeWind, when 
a-breafi: of Cape Palmasy ic is more expeditious to 
purfue the Pafege this Way, than by a long per- 
ambulatory Courie of 4 or 500 Leagues to the 
Wef^ward, and as many more to the Northward, 
which muft bebefore a Wind can be obtained, that 
could recover the Coafl. 

Lnflly, It is, in a great Meafure, oivning to this 
want ol' Inlets, and the Rivers ^eing fmall and 
unnavigable, that the Seas rebouhd with fo dan* 
gerous a SurtI thro' the whole Continent. 

Round the Shores of this Ifland, and at this Sea- 
fon, (July^ jluguft: and September j) there is a great 
Reforc of Whale-Fiih, tame, and fporting very 
nigh the Ships as they fiil in, always in Pairs, the 
Female much the fmaller, and often feen to turn 
on rheir Backs for Dalliance, the Prologue to en- 
gendring : It has an Enemy, called the Threfher, 
a large Fifh too, that has its Haunts here at this 
Sealon, and encounters the Whale, raifing him- 
felfoutof the Water a coniiderable Heighth, and 
falling again with great Weight and Force ^ it is 
commonly faid alio, that there is a Sword Fiih 
in thefe Battles, who pricks the Whale up to the 
Surface again, but without this, I believe, he would 
fuffocate when put to quick Motions, unlefs fre- 
quently approaching the Air, to ventilate and re- 
move the Impediments to a fwift^r Circulation : 


Of C^pt. H0W£L i>AVIS. i^j 

Kor do I think he is battled for Prey, but to re- 
move him from what is perhaps the Food of both^ 
The Number of Whales here has put fhe fome- 
times on thinking an advantageous Fiihery mighC 
be made of it, but I prefume they (no more than 
thofe of Braftl) are the Sort which yield the pro- 
fitable Part, called Whale-Bone : All therefore that 
the lilanders do, is now and then to go out with 
two or three Canoes, and fet on one for Di- 
ver fion. 

The Rocks and outer Lines of the Ifland, ar^ 
the Haunts of variety of Sea-Birds, efpecialjy 
Boobies and Noddies *, the former are of the Big- 
of a Gull, and a dark Colour, named ib from their 
Simplicity, becaufe they often fit ftill and let thd 
Sailors take them up in their Hands ^ but I fancy 
this fucceeds more frequently from their Weari- 
nefs, and the Larg^nefs of their Wings, which^ 
when they once have refted, cannot have the Scope* 
neceffary to raife and float them on the Air again* 
The Noddies are fmaller and flat footed alfb^ 

What I would remark more of them, is, the ad- 
mirable InflinO: in thefe Birds, for the proper Sea- 
fons, and the proper Places for Support, In thef 
aforemention'd Months, when the large Fifh were 
here, numerous Flocks of Fowl attend for the 
Spawn and Superfluity of their Nourifliment •, and 
in January few of either •, for the fame Reafon^ 
there are fcarce any Sea Fowl feen on the Jfricati 
Coafi: ; Rocks and Iflands being generally their 
befl Security and Subfiflance. 

The Harbour of Trinccs is at the E. S. E. Point 
of the I (land ; the North-Side has gradual Soun- 
dings, but here deep Water, having no Ground 
at a Mile off with 140 Fathom of Line. The Port: 
("when in) is a fmooth narrow Bay, fafe from Winds^ 
(^unleis a little Swell when Southerly) and draugh-* 
ted into other fmaller and fandy Ones, convenient 

K 2 for 

195 OfCapt. How EL DAvh. 

for raifiiig of Tent?, Watering, and haw ling tha 
Se-Am -^ the whole proteded by a Fort, or rather 
Battery, of a dozen Guns on the Larboard-Side. 
At the Head of the Bay ftands the Town, about a 
Mile from the anchoring Place, and confifts of two 
or three regular Streets, of wooden built Houfes, 
where the Governor and chief Men of the Ifland 
refide. Here the Water grows iliallow for a coh- 
fiderable Dij'iance, and the Natives, at every Ebb, 
(having before encompaifed every convenient Angle 
.with a Rife of Stones, fomething like Weirs in £;7<r- 
land) refort for catching of Filh, which, with them, 
is a daily Diveriion, as well as Subfiltance, 500 at- 
tending with Sticks and wicker Baskets •, and if they 
cannot dip them with one Hand, they knock them 
dowii with the other. The Tides rife regularly 6 
Foot in the Harbour, and yet not half that Heighth 
without the Capes that make the Bay. 

Here are conftantiy two MiJiionaries, who are 
ient for fix Years to inculcate the Chriftian Prin- 
ciples, and more efpecially attend the Converfion 
of tiie Negroes ; the prefeot are Venetians, inge- 
nious Men, who feem to defpife the loofe Morals 
^Li-id Behaviour of the Seculars, and complain of 
them as of the Slaves, ut Color Mores funt nigrl. They 
have a neat Conventual-Houfe and a Garden appro- 
priated, which, by their own Induftry and Labour, 
not only thrives with the feveral Natives of the 
Soil, but many Exoticks and Curiofities. A Fruit 
m particular, larger than a Chefnut, yellow, con- 
taining two Stones, with a Pulp, or clammy Sub- 
fiance about them, which, when fuck'd, exceeds in 
Sweetneft, Sugar or Honey, and has this Property 
beyond them, of giving a fweet Tafte to every Li- 
quid you fwallow for the whole Evening after. The 
only Plague infefling the Garden, is a Vermin called 
Land-Crabs, in va(l Numbers, of a bright red Co- 
Jour, (in other Refpeds like the Sea ones) which 


OfCapt. How EL Davis. ^91 

burrough in thefe fandy Soils like Rabbets, and are 
as ihy. 

The Ifland is a pleafant Intermixture of Hill 
and Valley \ the Hills fpread with Palms, Coco- 
Nuts, and Cotton-Trees, with Kurabers ofMon- 
Jceys and Parrots among them \ the Valleys with 
fruitful Plantations of TammSy Kulctu^ F^aSy Va- 
riety of Sallating, Ananas^ or Pine- Apples, Gu.t- 
vaSy TlantaneSy Bon Anas , Manyocos , and Indian 
Corn ; with Fowls, Guinea Hens, Mufcovy Ducks, 
Goats, Hogs, Turkies, and wild Beefs, with each a 
little Village of Kegroes, who, under the Diredlioii 
of their feveral Matters, manage the Cultivation, 
and exchange or fell them for Money, much after 
the fame Rates with the People of St. Thome, 

I /hall run a Defcription of the Vegetables, with 
their Properties, not only becaufe they are the Pro- 
duce of this Ifland, but mofl of them of Africa m 

The Palm-Trees are numerous on the Shores of 
Africa^ and may be reckoned the firft of their na- 
tural Curiofities, in that they afford them Meat, 
Drink and Cloathing •, they grow very flraight to 
40 and 50 Foot high, and at the top (only) have 
3 or 4 Circles of Branches, that Ipread and make a 
capacious Umbrella. The Trunk is very rough 
with Knobs, either Excrefcencies, or the Healin'gs 
of thofe Branches that were lopped off to forward 
the Growth of the Tree, and make it anfwer bet- 
ter in its Fruit. The Branches are ftrongly tied 
together with a Cortex^ which may be unravelled 
to a confiderable Length and Breadth ^ the inward 
Lamella of this Cortex^ I know are wove like a 
Cloath at Benlny and afterwards died and worn : 
Under the Branches, and clofe to the Body of the 
Tree, hang the Nuts, thirty Bunches perhaps on 
a Tree, and each of thirty Pound Weight, with 
prickly Films from between them, not'unrefem- 

^ 3 bling 

198 OfCapt. Howj^t Davi^^ 

fembling Hedge-Hogs-, ofthefe Kuts comes a li- 
quid and pleafant Icented Oyl, ufed as Food and 
bauce all over the Cpaft, but chiefly in the Wind- 
ward Parts of Africa^ where th^y ikmp, boil and 
skhu it oft in great Quantities ♦, underneath, where 
the Branches faflen, they tap for Wine, called 
Cochray in this Manner • the Negroes who are 
moftly limber aftive Fellows, encompafs them- 
felves and the Trees with a Hoop of ftrong With, 
and run up with a great deal of Agility ^ at the 
Bottom of a Branch of Nuts, he males an Exca- 
vation of an Inch and a half over, and tying faft 
his Calabafh, leaves it to deftil, which it does to 
two or three (Quarts in a Night's Time, when done 
he plugs it up, and choofes another •, for if fuffered 
to run too much, or in the Day Time, the Sap is 
unwarily exhaufted, and the Tree fpoiled : The 
Liquor thus drawn, is of a wheyifli Colour, in- 
toxicating and fours in 24 Hours, but when new 
drawn, is f leaf ant efi to tbirft- and hunger hoth : It is 
from thefe Wines they draw their Arack in India. 
On the very Top of the Palm, grows a Cabbage, 
called fo, I believe, from feme refemblance its Taft 
is thought to have with ours, and is ufed like it ; 
tlie Covering has a Down that makes the beft of 
Tinder, and the Weavings of other Parts are drawn 
out into fcrong Threads. 

Coco- Nat -Trees 3.1' e branched like, but not fo tall 
as. Palm Trees, the Nut like them, growing under 
the Branches, and clofe to the Trunk ^ the milky 
Liquor they contain, (to half a Pint or more,) is 
pften drank to quench Thirft, but fiirfeiting, and 
this may be obferved in their Way of Nourifh- 
ITient, that when the Quantity of Milk is large, 
the Shell and Meat are very thin, anc} harden and 
thicken in Proportion, as that lofes. 

iCmo» Trees alio are the Growth of all Parts of 
^/WcJ, as well as the lilands, of vaft Bignefs, yet 
"' ' ^ • ' "' not 

Of Capt. How EL Davis. 199 

not ^o irxremental as the Shrub? or Bulhes of five 
or fix Foot high*, thefe bear a Fruit (if it may be 
fb called) about the Bignefs of Pigeons Eggs, which 
as the Sun fwells and ripens, burfts forth and dif- 
covers three Cells loaded with Cotton, and Seeds 
in the Middle of them : This in moft Parts the Ne- 
groes know how to fpin, and here at Nicongo and 
the Ifland St. 3^^^^, how to weave into Cloths. 

Tamms are a common Root, fvveeter but not un- 
like Potato's : Kulalv^ a Herb like Spinnage .- Pafa^ 
a Fruit lefs than the fmajlefl- Pumkins ^ they are 
all three for boiling, and to be eat with Meat • 
the latter are improved by tHe EngUJlj into a Tur-f 
nip or an Apple Taft, with a due Mixture of But- 
ter or Limes. 

Guavasy a Fruit as large as a Pipin, with Seeds 
and Stones in it, of an uncouth afi ringing Tafl, tho' 
never fo much be faid in Commendation of it, at the 
Wcfi-hdiesj it is common for Cr^olianSy (who has 
tafted bothj to give it a Preference to Peach or 
Kedarine, no amazing Thing when Men whole 
Tails are fo degenerated, as to prefer a Toad in a 
Shell, (as Ward calls Turtle,) to Venifbn, and Ne- 
groes to fine Englijl) Ladies. 

Tlantanes and Bonano^s -are Fruit of oblong Fi- 
gure, that r think differ only fectindum Major & 
Minus ^ if any, the latter are preferable, and by be- 
ing lefs, are juicier -, they are ufually, when Grip- 
ped of their Coat, eat at Meals inflead of Bread: 
The Leaf of this Piantane is an admirable Deter- 
gent, and, externally applied, 1 have feen cure th,^ 
moftobftinate fcorbutick Ulcers. 

Manyoco. A Root that ihoots its Branches about 
the heighrh of a Currant Bulh ; from this Root 
the Iflanders make a Farine or Flower, which they 
fell at three Ryals a Roove, and drive a coniidera- 
ble Trade for it with the Ships that call in. The 
manner of making it, isfirftto prefs the Juice from it 

>I 4 (which 

200 Of Capt. HowEL Davis. 

(which IS poifoiious) done here with Engines, and 
then the Negroe Women, upon a rough StOi.e, rub 
it nito a granulated Flower, referved in their Hou- 
fes, either to boil, as we do our Wheat, and is a 
hearty Food for the Slaves-, or make it into a 
Bread, fine, white, and well tafled, for themfelves. 
One thing worth taking Notice ^hout Mariyoco in this 
Ifland, is, that the Woods abound with a wildpoi- 
fonous and more jnortiferoMS Sort, which fometimes 
Men, unskilled in the Preparation of it, feed on to 
their Deftruftion ; This the Miilionaries affured me 
they often experimented in their Hogs, and belie- 
ved we did in the Mortality of our Sailors. 

Ind^aff Corn, is likewife as well as the Fanr7e de 
Manyoco and Rice, the common Viftualling of our 
Slave Ships, and is afforded here at tooo Heads for 
two Dollars. This Corn grows eight or nine Foot 
high, on a hard Reed or Stick, ihooting forth at e- 
very fix hiche.s Heighth, fome long Leaves \ it has 
always an Ear, or rather Head, at top, of, perhaps, 
400 Fold Increafe ^ and often two, three, or more, 

Here are fome Tamarind Trees •, another called 
€ola^ whofe Fruit, or Nut (about twice the Bignefs 
of a Che^nut, and bitter) is chewed by the Tor^ 
t'ugucz.e^ to give a fweet Gnft to their Water which 
they drink •, but above all, I was Ihewn the Bark of 
one (whofe Name I do not knowj gravely affirm'd 
to ha:ve a peculiar Property of enlargmg the Virile 
Member ^ 1 am not fond of fjch Conceits, nor be- 
lieve it in the Power of any Vegetables, but muft 
acknowledge, I have feen Sights of th^^ kind among 
the Negroes very extraordinary •, yet, that there 
may be no Wiihes among the Ladies for the Impor- 
tation of this Bark, 1 muft acquaint them, that 
they ar^ fpund to grow lefs merry, as they encreafe 
in Bulk. I had like to have forgot their Cinnamon 
Trees , there is only one Walk ot them, and is the 
' ■ ' ' '' ' Entrance 

Of Capt, How EL Davis. 201 

Entrance ot the Governor's Villa ; they thrive ex- 
treemly well, and the Bark not inferior to our Cin- 
namon from India ; why they and other Spice, in a 
Soil fo proper, receive no farther Cultivation, is, 
probably, their Sufpicion, that fc^ rich a Produce, 
might make lome potent Neighbour take a Fancy to 
the Illand. 

They have two Winters, or rather Springs, and 
two Summers : Their Winters, which are the rainy 
Seafons, come in September and February^ or Marchy 
and hold two Months, returning that Fatnefs and 
generative Power to the Earth, as makes it yield 
a double Crop every Year, with little Sweat or 

Hie Ver j4(fidmim atcjue Allenis Menftbus <t,^fias 
Bis gravida Pecudes^ his Tomis ntilis arhos> 

Their firfl: coming is with Travado^Sy i. e. fudden 
and hard Gufts of Wind, with Thunder, Light- 
ning and heavy Showers, but fliort *, and the next 
new or full Moon at thofe Times of the Year, infal- 
libly introduces the Rains, which once begun, fall 
with little Intermiflion, and are obferved coldefl in 
February, Similar to thefe are rainy Sealons alfo 
overall the Coaft o^ Africa : If there may be al- 
lowed any general Way of calculating their Time, 
thev happen from the Courfe of the Sun, as it re- 
fpecls the ayEquinocilal only ^ for if thefe i/Equinoxes 
prove rainy Seafons all over the World (as I am apt 
to think they are) whatever fecret Caufe operates 
with that Station of the Sun to produce them, will 
more efTecli^illy do it in thofe vicine Latitudes ^ 
and therefore, as the Sun advances, the Rains are 
brought on the IVhydah and Gold Coaft, by April^ 
and on the Windwardmoft Part ofGuiney by Jl^ay : 
The other Seafbn of the Sun's returning to the 
Southward, make them more uncertain and irregu- 
lar in JSIorthern Africa , but then to the Southward 


202 OfCafft. How EL Davis. 

again, they proceed in Kke manner, and are at 
Cape Lofez. in Otloter-y at Angola in November j &c. 

The Manner of living among the Portuguese here 
i?, with the utmoft Frugality and Temperance, e- 
ven to Penury and Starving • a familiar Inftance of 
Proof is, in the Voracity of their Dogs, who find- 
ing fuch clean Cupboards at home, are wild in a 
manner with Hunger, and tare up the Graves of 
the Dead for Food, as 1 have often feen : They 
them (elves are lean with Covetoufnefs, and that 
Chriftian Yertue, which is often the Refult of it, 
Selfdenyal ; and would train up their Cattle in the 
liime way, could they fetch as much Money, or 
had not they their Provifioa more immediately of 
Providence. The beft of them fexcepcing the Go- 
vernor now and then) neither pay nor receive any 
Vifits of Efcapade or Recreation ; they meet and 
fit down at each others Doors in the Street every 
. Evening, and as few of them, in fo fmall an Ifland, 
can have their Plantations at any greater Diftance, 
than that they may fee it every Day if they will^ 
io the Subje^b of their Talk is moflly how Affairs 
went there, with their Negroes, or their Ground, 
and then part with one another innocently, but 

The Negroes have yet no hard Duty with them, 
they are rather Kappy in Slavery •, for as their Food 
is chiefly Vegetables, that could no way elie be ex- 
pended, there is no Murmurs bred on that account ; 
and as their Bufinefs is Domeftick, either in the Ser- 
vices of th^ Houfe, or in Gardening, Sowing, 
or Planting, they have no more than what every 
Man would prefer for Health and Pleafure ; the 
Vardeft of their Work Is the Carriage of thelr 
Pateroons, or their Wives, to and from the Planta- 
tions •, this they do in Plammocks (calfd at Whyd^hy 
Serpentines) flung crofs a Pole, with a Cloath over, 
to fcreen the Perfon, fo carried, from Sun and 

^ V/eather, 

Of Capt. HowEL Bavis. 20} 
Weather, and the Slaves are at each End ; and ye^ 
even this, tnethinks, is better than the fpecious 
Liberty a Man has for himfelf and his Heirs to 
work in a Coal Mine. 

The Negroes are, moft of them, thro' the Care 
of*"their Patroons, Chriftians, at leaft nominal, but 
excepting to fome few, they adhere ftill to many 
iilly Pagan Cuftoms in their Mournings and Re- 
joycings, and in fome Meafutse, powerful Majority 
has introduced them with the Vulgar of the Mulatto 
and Tortugue7ie^2iCe. 

If a Perlbn die in that Colour, the Relations and 
Friends of him meet at the Houfe, where the Corpfe 
is laid out decently on the Ground and covered (all 
except the Face) with a Sheet ^ they fit round it, 
crying and howling dreadfully, not unlike what our 
Countrymen are faid to do in Ireland: This Mour- 
ning lafis for eight Days and Nights, but not e- 
qually intenfe, for as the Friends, who compofe 
the Chorus, go out and in, are weary, and unequal- 
ly afTefted, the Tone lelfens daily, and the Inter- 
vals of Grief are longer. 

In Rejoycings and Feflivals they are equally 
ridiculous ; thefe are commonly made on fbme 
Friend's Efcape from Shipwreck, or other Danger : 
They meet in a large Room of the Houfe, with a 
Strum Strum, to which one of the Company, per- 
haps, fmgs wofully •, the reft ftanding round the 
Room clofe to the Petitions, take it in their Turns 
(one or two at a time) to ftep round, called Dan- 
cing, the whole clapping their Hands continually, 
and hooping; out every Minute Aheo^ which fignify 
no more, than, how do you. And this foolifh Miith 
will continue three or four Days together at a 
Houfe, and perhaps twelve or fixteen Hours at a 

TheP^r^z/^^z^f^^,tho'eminently abftemious and tem- 
perate in all other Things, are unbounded in their 

Lufts ^ 

^04 Of Capt. HowEL BAVlSi. 

Lufts •, and perhaps they fubflitute the former in 
room of a Surgeon, as a Couaterpoilbii to the 
Mifchiefs of a proniifcuous Sahicity : They havemoft 
of them Venereal Taints, and with Age become 
meager and he8:ick : I favv two Inftances here of 
Venereal Ulcers that had cancerated to the Bowels, 
Speftacles that would have effeO:ually perfwaded 
Men (I think) how Salutary the Reftriftion of 
Laws are. 

jlnnohono is the laft, and of the leaft Confequence 
of the three Iflands •, there are Plenty of Fruits and 
Provifions, exchanged to Ships for old Cloaths and 
Trifles of any Sort ^ they have a Governor nomi- 
nated from St. Tlome^ and two or three Priefts, nei- 
ther of which are minded, every one living at Di- 
fcretion, and fiird with Ignorance and Luft. 

To return to Bavis^ the next Day after he left 
'Ar.amahe^ early in the Morning, the Man at the 
Maft-Head efpied a Sail. It muft be obferved, they 
keep a good Look-out ^ for, according to their Ar- 
ticles, he who firft efpies a Sail, if fhe proves a Prize, 
is entitled to the beft Pair of Piftols on Board, over 
and above his Dividend, in which they take a fingu- 
lar Pride ^ and a Pair of Piftols has fometimes been 
fold for thirty Pounds, from one to another. 

Immediately they gave Chace, and foon came up 
with her *, the Ship proved to be a Hollander^ and 
being betwixt Davis and the Shore, ihe made all 
the Sail ilie could, intending to run aground ; Danjis 
gueiTed her Defign, and putting out all his fmall 
Sails, came up with her before ihe could effect it, 
and fired a Broad-fide, upon which fhe immediate- 
Jy ftruck, and called for Quarter. It was granted, 
for according to Davish Articles, it was agreed, 
that Quarter fha«uld be given whenever it was cal- 
led for, upon Pain of Death. 


Of Capt. How EL Davis. 205 

This Ship proved a very rich Prize, having the 
Governor of Acra on Board, with all his Effefts, go- 
ing to HclLwd ', there was in Money to the Value of 
15000/. Sterling, befides other valuable Merchandi- 
zes, all which they brought on Board of themfelves. 

Upon this new Succefs, they reftored Captain 
Hall and Captain Plumby before-mentioned, their 
Ships aeaiii, but ftrengthened their Company with 
thirty iive Hands, all white Men, taken out of 
thefe two and the Morrice Sloop ^ they alio re- 
ftored the Dutch their Ship, after having plundered 
her, as is mentioned. 

Before they got to the liland of Prince Sy one of 
their Ships, vi2i> that calPd the Kw^ James, fprung 
a Leak •, Davis ordered all Hands out of her, oa 
Board his own Ship, with every thing elfe of Ule, 
and left her at an Anchor at High Cameroon. As Iborl 
as he came in Sight of the Ifland, he hoifted Engli^ 
Colours •, the Portuguefe obferving a large Ship ml- 
ing towards them, fent out a little Sloop to exa^p 
mine what fhe might be; this Sloop hailing of Davis, 
he told them he was an EngU^n Man of War, in 
Queft of Pyrates, and that he had received Intelli- 
gence there were feme upon that Coafl •, upon this 
they received him as a welcome Gueft, and piloted 
him into the Harbour. He faluted the Fort, which 
they anfwered, and he came to an Anchor juft under 
their Guns, and hoifted out the Pinnace, Man of 
War Fafhion, ordering nine Hands and a Coxen in 
it, to row him aihore. 

The PortugucTLe, to do him the greater Honour, 
lent down a File of Mufqueteers to receive him, 
and conduct him to the Governor. The Governor 
not in the ieaft fufpe£ling what he was, received 
him very civilly, promifmg to fupply him with 
whatever the Ifland afforded -^ Davis thanked him, 
telling him, the King of England would pay for what* 
ever he iliould take j fo after feveral Civilities 


2o6 Of Capu How EL Davis. 

pafs'd between him and the Governor, he returned 
again on Board. 

It happened a French Ship came in there to fupply 
it felf with fome NecefTaries, vvhich Davis took in- 
to his Head to plunder, but to give the Thing a 
Colour of Right, he periiaaded the Tortuguez^e^ that 
fhe had been trading with the Py rates, and that 
he found feveral Py rates Goods on Board, which 
he feized for the King's Ufe : This Story pailed fo 
well upon the Governor, that he commended Da- 
Wi's Diligence. - 

A few Days after, Vavisy with about fourteen more, 
went privately afhore, and walk'd up the Country 
towards a Village, where the Governor and the! 
other chief Men of the Ifiand:kept their Wives, in 
tending, as we may fuppofe, to fupply their Hus- 
bands Places with them •, but being dilcovered, the 
Women fied to a n.eighbouring Wood, and Davis and 
the reft retreated to their Ship, without eifefting 
their Defign : The Thing made fome Noife, but as 
no body knew them, it palfed over. 

' Having cleaned his Ship, and put all Things in 
Order, his Thoughts now were turned upon the 
main Bufinefs, 'vlz,^ the Plunder of the Ifland, and 
not knowing where the Treafure lay, a Stratagem 
came into his Head, to get it fas he thought) with 
little Trouble , heconfulted his Men upon it, and 
they liked the Defign : His Schem.e was, to make a 
Prefent to the Governor, of a Dozen Negroes, by 
Way of Return for the Civilities received from him, 
find afterwards to invite him, with the chief Men, 
and fome of the Friers, on Board his Ship, to an En^ 
tertainment •, the Minute they came on Board, they 
were to be fecured in Irons, and there kept till they 
ihould pay a Pvanfom of 40000/. Sterling. 

But this Stratagem proved fatal to him, for a Tor- 
ivguez^e Kegroe fwam afiiore \n the ]^ight, anddifco- 
vered the whole Plot to the Governor, and alfo let 


Of Capt. How EL Davis. xoj 

him know, that it was Davis who had made the At- 
tempt upon their Wives. However, the Governor 
diifembled, received" the Py rates Invitation civilly, 
atidpromiled that he and the reft would go. 

The next Day Davis went on Shore himfelf, as 
if it were out of greater Refpeft to bring the Gover- 
nor on Board : He was received with the ufual Ci- 
vility, and he, and other principal Pyrates, who, by 
the VVay, had afTumed the Title of Lords, and as 
fuch took upon them to advile or councel their 
Captain upon any important Occafion • and like- 
wife held certain Priviledges, which the common 
Fyrates were debarr'd from, as walking the Quar- 
ter- Deck, ufmg the great Cabin, going aihore at 
Pleafure, and treating with foreign Powers, that is, 
with the Captains of Ships they made Prizeof •, I lay, 
D^vis and ibme of the Lords were defired to walk up 
to the Governor's Houfe, to take fome Refreshment 
before they went on Board ^ they accepted it with- 
out the leaft Safpicion, but never returned again* 
for an Ambufcade was laid, a Signal being given, a 
whole Volley was Rred upon them :, they every Man 
droppM, except one, this one fled back, and efcaped 
into the Boat, and got on Board the Ship: Davis 
was fhot through the Bowels, yet he rife again, and 
made a weak Effort to get away, but his Strength 
Ijbon forfook him, and he dropped down dead • juft 
as he fell, he perceived he was followed, and draw* 
ing out his Piftols, fired them at his Purfuers ; Thus 
like a game Cock, giving a dying Blow, thatt he 
might not fall unrevenged. 

« H A P- 

2c8 . 


O F 

Captain Bartho. Roberts, 

And his Crew. 

Bartholomew Roberts failed In an honeft Employ, 
from London aboard of the Prlncefs^ Captain 
Plumb Commander, of which Ship he was 
fecond Mate : He \e'^z England^ November 1719, and 
arrived at Guiney about February following, and be* 
ing at Anamaboey taking in Slaves for the We(l^ 
Indies^ was taken in the faid Ship by Captain How- 
el Davis, as mentioned in the preceeding Chapter. 
In the beginning he was very averfe to this fort 
of Life, and would certainly have efcaped from 
them, had a fair Opportunity prefented it felf ^ 
yet afterwards he changed his Principles, as many 
befides him have done upon another Element, and 
perhaps for the fame Reafon too, viz.. Preferment, 

and what he did not like as a private Man 

he could reconcile to his Conlcience as a Com- 

Davis being cut off in the manner beforementi- 
oned, the Company found themfelves under a Ne- 
ceffity of filling up his Poft, for which there ap- 
pear'd two or three Candidates among the fele^t Part 


Capt. Bart HO. S^oSerts. !^c9 

cf them, that were diftinguifh'd by the 7'Itle of 
Lords, liich were Sympforj^ j4fljpU-^ty Anflis^ Sec. and 
on canvafling this Matter, how fhatter'd and weak 
a Condition their Government muft be without a 
Head, fmce Davis had been removM, in the man- 
ner beforemention'd, my Lord Demis proposed, iti 
faid, over a Bowl to this Purpofe. 

That it was not of any great SignificatiGn n>ho teas did* 
nify^d with Title •, for really and in Truth^ all good (3o* 
njernments had (like theirs) the fuf ream Power lodged with 
the Community^ who might douhtlefs depute and revoke pts 
fuited Interefi or Humour. We are the Original of this 
Claim (fays he) andfljould a Captain he fo fawcy as to ex-* 
ceed Prefer iption at any time, why down with Him! 
it will be a Caution after he is dead to his Succeffcrs, of what 
fatal Confecjuenee any fort ofaffuming may hei HowtvefA 
it is my Advice^ that^ while we are foher, we pitch upon a 
Man of Courage^ and shlVd in Navigation, one, who hy 
his Council and Bravery feems befi able to defend this Com^ 
monwealthy and ward us from the Dangers and Tcmpefls ef 
an infiable Element, and the fatal Confe^uences of Anarchy 'a 
andfuch a one 1 take Roberts to be. A Fellow ! I thwkf 
in all RefpeBs, worthy your Efieem and Favour^ 

This Speech was loudly applauded by all but Lord 
Sympfort, who had fecret Expectations himfelf, but 
on this Difappointment, grew fullen, and left them, 
fwearing, he did not care who they chofe Captain, fo if 
Koas not a Papifi; for againfi them he had conceiv'^d an iY<* 
yeconcileable Hatred, for that his Father had been a Suffer* 
er in MonmouthV Rebellion* 

'Roberts was accordingly elefted, tho^ he had noC 
been above fix Weeks among thefti, the Choice wa^ 
confirm'd both by the Lords and Commoners, and 
he accepted of the Honour, faying, That fmce he had 
dipp'd his Hands in muddy Water, find mufl be a Pyrate^ if 
was better being a Commander than a common Mm* 
^ As foon as the Government was fettled, by promdii^ 
ling other Officers in the roorn of thoft that w«re kill'd 

O by 

2IG Capt. Bartho. Roberta. 

by the Fortuguez^e^ the Company refolv'd to revenge 
Captain Davis's Death, he being more than ordina- 
rily refpefted by the Crew for his Affability and 
go'jd iSJature, as well as his Conduft and Bravery 
upon all Occafions •, and purfuant to this Refblution, 
about 30. Men were landed in order to make an At- 
tack upon the Fort, which muft be afcended to by a 
fteep Hill againft the Mouth of the Cannon. Thefe 
Men were headed by one Kennedy^ a bold daring 
Fellow, but very wicked and profligate •, they 
march'd diredly up under the Fire of their Ship 
Guns, and as foon as they were difcover'd, the Vor- 
tiiguez^e quitted their Poft and fled to the Town, and 
the Pyrates march'd in without Oppofition, fet Fire 
to the Fort, and threw all the Guns off the Hill into 
the Sea, which after they had done, they retreated 
quietly to their Ship. 

But this was not look'd upon as a fuificient Sa- 
tisfaction for the Injury they received, therefore 
moft of the Company were for burning the Town, 
which Roberts faid he would yield to, if any Means 
coald be propofed of doing it without their own 
Deftruftion, for the Town had a fecurer Scituation 
than the Fort, a thick Wood coming a Imoft dole 
to it, affording Cover to the Defendants, who 
under fuch an Advantage, he told them, it was to 
be fear'd, would fire and ftand better to their Arms^ 
befides, that bare Houfes would be but n flender 
Reward for their Trouble and Lofs. This prudent 
Advice prevailed; however, they mounted the 
French Ship, they feiz'd at this Place, with 1 2 Guns, 
and lightened her, in order to come up to the Town, 
the Water being ihoal, and battered down feveral 
Houfes; after which they all returned on Board, 
fi^ve back the French Ship to thole that had mo/t 
Right to her, and failed out of the Harbour by the 
light of two Fortuguefe Ships, which they were plea- 
fed to fee on Fir42 there. 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 211 

Roberts ftood away to the Southward, and met 
with a Dutch Guiney Man, which he made Prize of, 
but after having plundered her, the Skipper had 
his Ship again : Two Days after, he took an Enjltjli 
Ship, called the Experiment^ Captain Cornet, at Cape 
Lopez., the Men went all into the pyrate Service, 
and having no Occafion for the Ship, they burnt 
her, and then fteered for St. Thome, but meeting 
with nothing in their Way, they failed for ji^jnaho- 
na, and there water'd, took in Provifions, and put 
it to a Vote of the Company, whether their next 
Voyage ihould be, to the Eafl-Indlcs, or to Brafil *, 
the latter being refolved on, they failed according- 
ly, and in 28 Days arrived at FerdinarJo, an unin- 
habited Ifland, on that Coaft : Here they water'd, 
boot-top'd their Ship, and made ready for the de- 
figned Cruife. 

Now that we are upon this Coafl, I think it will 
be the proper Place to prefent our Readers with a 
Defcription of this Country, and fome ingenious 
Remarks of a Friend, how beneficial a Trade might 
be carried on here by our Wefi-hdia Merchants^ at 
a little Hazard. 


O F 

B R J S I L, &c. 

BRASIL CaName fignifying the holy Crols; 
was difcovered for the King of Portugal, by 
Alvarez, Cahrd, Ann, Bom, 1 501. extending almoft 
from the fiyEcjulnoctld to 28 ^ South. The Air is 
temperate and cool, in comparifon of the Wcfi-Tn- 

O 2 Mesy 

212 Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

dies^ from ftronger Breezes and an opener Country, 
which gives lefs Interruption to the Winds, 

The northernmoft Part of it ^retching' about 
1 80 Leagues, (a fine fertile Country,) was ta- 
ken from the Portuguefe by the Dutch Weft-India 
Company, jinno, 16 ^'7 or thereabouts ^ but the 
Conquerors, as is natural where there is little or 
no Religion fubfifting, made fuch heavy fixations 
on the Tortuguefe^ and extended fuch Cruelty to 
the Katives, that prepared them both eafily to 
unite for a Revolt, facilitated by the Butch Mil- 
management : For the States being at this Time 
very intent on their India Settlements, not only re- 
called Count Morrice their Governor, but neglect- 
ed Supplies to their Garrifons ♦, however, tho' the 
others were countenanced with a Fleet from Tor^ 
tugaly and had the Affeftion of the Natives, yet 
they found Means to withdand and ftruggle with 
this fuperior Power, from 1(543 to i65o, and thea 
was wholly abandoned by them, on Articles diJP* 
honourable to the Fortuguefey viz. 

That the Dutchy on Relinquiihing, fhould keep 
all the Places they had conquered in India from 
Portugal, That they fhould pay the States 800000/. 
and permit them ftili the Liberty of Trade to >4/r/- 
ca and Brajily on the fame Cuftom and Duties with 
the King of Portugal's Subjects. But fmce that 
Time, new Stipulations and Treaties have been 
made ^ wherein the Dutchy who have been totally 
excluded the Brajil Trade, have, in lieu thereof, a 
Compofition of 10 per Cent, for the Liberty of tra- 
ding to Africa-^ and this is always left by every 
Portuguefe ■ Ship (before fhe begins her Slaving) 
with the Dutch General of the Gold-Coafty at Des 

There are only three principal Towns of Trade 
on the Brafti Coaft, St. Salvadore^ St. Sehafli an y 2ind 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 213 

St. Salvador e in the Bahia los tndos Santos ^ is an 
Archbifhoprick and Seat of the Viceroy, the chief 
Port of Trade for Importation, where moft of the 
Gold from the Mines is legged, and whence the 
Fleets for Enrofe generally depart. The Seas about 
it abound with Whale-Fiih, which in the Seafon 
they catch in great Numbers ^ the Fleih is falted 
up generally to be the Victualling of their Slave- 
Ships, and the Train referved for Exportation, at 
30 and 35 Millrays a Pipe. 

Rio Janeiro ft he Town St. Sehafitarj) is the South- 
ernmoft of the Tortuguefe^ the worft provided of 
Neceffaries, but commodious for a Settlement, be- 
caufe nigh the Mine, and convenient to fupervife 
the Slaves, who, as 1 have been told, do ufually al- 
low their Mafter a Dollar fer Diem, and have the 
Overplus of their Work (if any) to themfelves. 

The Gold from hence is elieemed the beft, (for 
being of a copperifh Colour,) and they have a Mint 
to run it into Coin, both here and at Bahia ^ the 
Moidors of either having the initial Letters of each 
Place upon them. 

Ternamhuca (tho' mention'd laft) is the fecond in 
Dignity, a large and populous Town, and has its rife 
from the Ruins of Olinda, (or the handfome,) a 
City of a far pleafanter Situation, fix Miles up the 
River, but not fo commodious for Traffick and 
Commerce. Juft above the Town the River divides 
itfelf into two Branches, not running dire£lly into 
the Sea, but to the Southward ; and in the Nook of 
the I (land made by that Divifion, {lands the Gover- 
nor's Houfe, a Iquare plain Building o[ Prince Mau- 
r/c^'s, with two Towers, on which are only this 
Date infcribed, j4m^o 1641. The Avenues to it 
are every way ple.ifant, thro' Viflo's of tall Coco- 
>Iut Trees. 

Over each Branch of the River is a Bridge ; that 
leading to the Country is all of Timber, but the 

O 3 other 

214 ^^/^* Bartho. Roberts. 

other to the Town ('of twenty fix or twenty eight 
ArchesJ is half of Stone, made by the Dutch^ who 
in their Time had little Shops and gaming Koufes 
on each Side for Recreation. 

The Pavements alfo of the Town are in Ibme 
Places of broad Tiles, the remaining Fragments of 
their Conquefl:. The Town has the outer Branch 
of the River behind it, and the Harbour before it, 
jetting into which latter are clofe Keys for the 
weighing and receiving of Cuftomage on Merchan- 
dize, and for the meeting and conferring of Mer- 
chants and Traders. The Houfes are ftrong built, 
but hom.ely, letticed like thole of Lisbor^y for the 
AdmiiTion of Air, without Clofets, and what 
is worfe, Hearths -^ which makes their Cookery 
confift all in frying and ftewing upon Stoves , and 
that they do till the Flefh become tender enough 
to Ihake it to Pieces, and one Knife is then thought 
llifHcient to ferve a Table of half a Score. 

The greateft Iixonvenience of Ternamhuca is, that 
there is not one Publick-Houfe in it ; fo that Stran- 
gers are obliged to hire any ordinary one they 
can get, at a Guinea a Month : And others 
who come to tranlaft Affairs of Importance, muft 
come recommended, if it were only for the fake of 

The Market is flocked well enough, Beet being at 
five Farthings pf?-/. a Sheep or Goat at nine Shillings, 
aTurkey four Shillings, and Fovvls twoShillings, the 
hv'^i^eit 1 ever faw, and may be procured much 
Cheaper, by hiring a Man to fetch them out of 
fhe Country. The dearefl in its kind is Water, 
which being fetch'd in VefTels fromOZ/W^, will not 
be put on Board in the Road under two Crufado's 
a Pipe. 

The Portngu€fe here are darker than thofe of £z^- 
f:ofe^ not only 'from a warmer Climate, but their 
many Intermarriages with the Kegrocs, who are 


Capt, Bartho. Roberts. 215 

numerous there, and fome of them of good Credit 
and Circumftances. The Women (not unlike the 
Mulatto Generation every where eUe) are fond of 
Strangers •, not only the Courtezans, whofe Inte- 
reft may be llippofed to wind up their Afiedions, 
but alfo the marryed Women who think them- 
felves obliged, when you favour them with the 
Secrecy of an Appointment ^ but the Unhap- 
pinefs of purfuing Amours, is, that the geiie- 
rallity of both Sexes are touched with veneral 
Taints, without fo much as one Surgeon among 
them, or any Body skilled in Phyfick. to cure or 
palliate the progreilive Mifch-ef : The only Per- 
fon pretending that Way, is an InjJ} Father, whofe 
Knowledge is all comprehended in the Virtues of 
two or three Simples, and thofe, with the Salubrity 
of the Air and Temperance, is what they depend on, 
for fubduing the worlt of Malignity ^ and it may 
not be unworthy Notice, that tho' few are exemp- 
ted from the Misfortune of a Running, Eruptions, 
or the like, yet 1 could hear of none precipitated 
into thofe deplorable Circumftances we iee common 
in unskillful mercurial Procelfes. 

There are three Monafteries, and about fix 
Churches, none of them Rich or Magnificent, un- 
lefs one dedicated to St. yintonloy the Patron of 
their Kingdom, which ihines all over with exqui- 
iite Pieces of Paint and Gold. 

The Export of BrafU (befides Gold)is chiefly Su- 
gars and Tobacco •, the latter are fenc off in Row Is 
of a Quintal Weight, kept continually moiftened 
with A^ulofTus, which, with the Soil it fprings from, 
imparts a ftrong and peculiar Scent, more fenfi- 
ble in the Snuff made from it, which tho' under 
Prohibition of importing to Llshorty fells here at 
2 s. per /. as the Tobacco does at about 6 Millraies 
a Rowl. The fined of their Sugars fells at ^ s. per 
Roove, and a fraall ill tafted Rum drawn from 

O 4 the 

2i6 Capu Bartho. Robebts. 

the Dregs and MulofTus, at two Teftunes a Gal- 

Befides thefe, they fend off great Quantities of 
Brafil Wood, and Whale Gyl, fome Gums and Par- 
rots, the latter are different from the African in Co- 
lour and Bignefs, for as they are blue and larger, 
t\\^^Q are green and fmaller •, and the Females of 
them ever retain the wild Note, and cannot b^ 
brought to talk. 

In lieu of this Produce, the Fortuguezey once every 
Year by their Fleet from Lisbon^ import all manner 
of European Commodities ^ and whoever is unable 
or negligent of fupplying him fe If at that Seafon, 
buys at a very advanced Rate, before the Return of 

To tranfport Paffengers, Slaves, or Merchan- 
di'/.e from one Settlement to another, or in Fifliing ; 
they make ufe of Bark-Logs, by the BrafiUms called 
Jiff^adahs : They are made of four Pieces of Timber 
(the two outermoft longeftj pinned and faftened to- 
gether, and fharpened at the Ends : Towards each 
Extremity a Stool is fixed to fit on for paddling, or 
holding by, when the Agitation is more than ordina- 
ry ; with thefe odd fort of: Engines, continually 
\vafhed over by the Water, do thefe People, with 
a little triangular Sail fpreeted about the Middle of 
ky venture out of Sight of Land, and along the 
Coafts for many Leagues, in any fort ot Weather ; 
and if they overfet with a Squall (which is not un- 
ComrAon)'they fwimand prefently turn it up right 

The Illative? are of the darkeft Copper Colour, 
with thin Hair, of a fquare ffrong make, and muf- 
cular ; but not fo well looking as the Wooley Ge- 
neration : They acquiefce patiently to the Tortuguez^e 
Go^^^rnment, who ufe them much more humaply 
andChriftian-l']<e than the Dutch did, and by that 
Means have extended Quietpef? ajid Peace, as vvell 


Capt. Bartho. Robefts. 017 

as tbeir Poireflions, three or four hundred Miles in- 
to the Country. A Country abounding with fine 
Paftures and numerous Herds of Cattle, and yields 
a vaft Increale fi'om every thing that is fown: 
Hence they bring down to us Barrots, fmall Mon- 
Jcies, Armadillos and Sanguins, and I have been al^ 
fured, they have, (far In-land,) a Serpent of a vaft 
Magnitude, called Sihoya^ able, they fay, to fwallow 
a whole Sheep-, I have feenmy felf here the Skin 
of another Specie full fix Yards long, and therefore 
think the Story not improbable. 

The Harbour of Temamhuca is, perhaps, fingular,' 
it is made of a Ledge of Rocks, half a Cables length 
from the Main, and but little above the Surface of 
the Water, running at that equal Diftance and 
Heighth feveral Leagues, towards Cape Auguftine^ a 
Harbour running between them capable of receiving 
Ships of the greateft Burthen : The Northermoft 
End of this Wall of Rock, is higher than any Part of 
the contiguous Lin*^, on which a little Fort is built, 
commanding the PafTage either of Boat or Ship, as 
they come over the Bar into the Harbour : On the 
Starboard Side, (i.e. the Main) after you have en- 
tered a little way, ftands another Fort (a Pentagon) 
that would prove of fmall Account, 1 imagine, a- 
gainft a few difciplined Men :; and yet in thefe confifts 
all their Strength and Security, either for the Har- 
bour or Town : They have begun indeed a Wall, 
fince their removing from Olinda^ defigned to fur- 
round the latter ^ but the flow Progrefs they 
make in raifing it, leaves Room to fufped: 'twill be a 
long time in finifliing. 

The Road without, is ufed by the ?ortuTuez.e^ 
when they are nigh failing for Europe^ and vv^it for 
the Convoy, or are bound to Bahia to them, and by 
Strangers only when NecefTity compels- the beft of it 
is in ten Fathom Water, near three Miles W. N. W. 
ff(^m the Town \ nigher in, is foul with the many 


21^8 Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

Anchors loft there by the Portuguez^e Ships ; and far- 
ther out (m 14 Fathom) corally and Rocky. July 
IS the worft and Winter Seafoii of this Coaft, the 
Trade Winds being then very ftrong and dead, 
bringing in a prodigious and unfafe Swell into the 
Road, intermixed every Day with Squalls, Rain, 
and a hazey Horizon, but at other times ferener 
Skies and Sunfliine. 

In thefe Southern Latitudes is a Conftellation, 
wliich from fome Refemblance it bears to a Jerufa- 
Um Crofs, has the Name o^ Crofters^ the brighteft of 
this Hemifphere, and are obferved by, as the North 
Star is in Northern Latitudes •, but what I «iention 
this for, is, to introduce the admirable Phxnomenon 
in thefe Seas of the Megellanick Clouds, whofe Ri- 
fings and Sittings are fo regular, that I have been af- 
fured, the fame Nofturnal Obfervations are m^de 
by them as by the Stars ; They are two Clouds, 
finall and whitiih, no larger in Appearance than a 
Man's Hat, and are feen here in July in the Latitude 
of 8^ S. about four of the Clock in the Morning ; if 
their Appearance fhould be faid to be the Refle£lioa 
of Light, from fome Stellary Bodies above them, yet 
the Difficulty is not eafily anfwered, how thefe, be- 
yond others, become ^Jq durable and regular in their 

From thefe cafual Obfervations on the Country, 
the Towns, Coaft, and Seas of Brafil^ it would be an 
Omiilion to leave the Subjeft, without fome Effay 
on an interloping Slave Trade here, which none of 
our Countrymen are adventrous enough to purfue, 
though it very probably, under a prudent Manager, 
would be attended with Safety and very great Pro- 
fit -, and I admire the more it is not flruck at, be- 
cpufe Ships from the Southern Coafi o'l Africa y don't 
lengthen the Voyage to the Wefl-hdles 2. great deal, 
by taking a Part of Brafi m their Way. 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 219 

The DI [advantages the Tortuguez,e are under for 
purchafuig Slaves, are thefe, that they have very 
few proper Commodities for Gidney^ and the Gold, 
which was their chiefeft, by an Edift in July 1722, 
ftands now prohibited from being carried thither, 
fo that the Ships employed therein are few, and in- 
fufficient for the great Mortality and Call of their 
Mines \ befides, fhould they venture at breaking fb 
deftrudive a Law, as the abovementioned (as no 
doubt they do, or they could make little or no Pur- 
chace) yet Gold does not raife its Value like Mer- 
chandize in travelling (efpecially to Africa) and 
when the Compofition with the Dutch is alfb paid, 
they may be fliid to buy their Negroes at almoft 
double the Price the EngU^ij Dutchy or Fremh do, 
which necefjarily raifes their Value extravagantly 
at Ernfl ^ (thofe who can purchafe one, buying a 
certain-er Annuity than South-Sea Stock.) 

Thus f^r of the Call for Slaves at Brafth^ I fhall 
now confider and obviate fome Difficulties objefted 
againft any Foreigners (fuppole EngU^i) interpo- 
fnig in fach a Trade, and they are fome on theirs, 
and ibme on our Side. 

On their Side it is prohibited under Pain of Death, 
a Law lefs effectual to the Prevention of it than pecu- 
niary MuiO:s would be, becaufe a Penalty fb inade- 
quate and difproportioned, is only Jn terrorem^ and 
makes it merciful in the Governor, or his Inftru- 
ments, to take a Compofition of eight or ten Moi- 
dors, when any Subjeft is cacched, and is the com- 
mon Cuftom iy to do as often as they are found 

On our Side it is Confifcation of what they can 
get, which confidering, they have no Men of War 
to guard the Coaft, need be very little, without fu- 
pine Negleftand CarelefTnefs. 

I am a Man of War, or Privateer, and being iu 
Want of ProvifLOns, or in Search of Pyrates, put 

220 Cdpu Bahtho. Roberta. 

in to Pernambuca for Intelligence, to enable me for 
the Purfuit : The Dread ot Pyrates keeps every 
one off, till you have firft fent an Officer, with 
the proper Compliments to the Governor, who 
immediately gives Leave for your buying eve- 
ry Necellary you are in want of, provided it be 
with Money, and not an Exchange of Merchandize, 
which isagainft the Laws of the Country. 

On this firft time of going on Shore, depends 
the Succefs of the whole Aliair, and requires a cau^ 
tious and difcreec Management in the Perfon entru- 
fted *. He will be immediately fur rounded at landing 
with the great and the fniall Rabble, to enquire 
who ? and whence he comes ? and whether bound ? 
&c. and the Men are taught to anfwer, from Guineyy 
denying any thing of a Slave on Board, which are 
under Hatches, and make no Shew • nor need they, 
for thofe who have Money to lay out will conclude 
on that themfelves. 

By that time the Compliment is paid to the Go^ 
vernor, the Mews has fpre^d all round the Town, 
and fome Merchant addrelfes you, as a Stranger, to 
the Civility of his Houfe, but privately defires to 
know what Negroes he can have, and what Price. 
A Governor may pofTibly ufe an Inftrument in fif- 
ting this, but the Appearance of the Gentleman, 
and the Circumftance of being fo foon engaged after 
leaving the other, will go a great way in forming a 
Man's Judgment, and leaves him no room for the 
Sufpicion of fuch a Snare *, however, to have a due 
Guard, Intimations will fuffice, and bring him, and 
Friends enough to carry off the bed Part of a 
Cargo in two^Nights tim'e, from 20 to 30 Moidors 
a Bov, and from 30 to 40 a Man Slave. The Haz^ 
ard is lefs at Rio Janeiro, 

There has been another Method attempted, of 
fettling a Correfpondence with fome Tortngucz.e Mer- 
chant or two, who, as they may be certain within a 


Capt. Bartho, Roberts. 221 

Fortnight of any VefTels arriving on their CoafI: 
with Slaves, might fettle Signals for the debar- 
quing them at an unfrequented Part of the Coaft, 
but whether any Exceptions were made to the Price, 
or that the Tortugueje dread Difcovery, and the (eve* 
reft Profecution on fo notorious a Breach of the Law, 
I cannot tell but it has hitherto proved abortive. 

However, Stratagems laudable, and attended 
with Profit, at no other Hazard (as 1 can perceive) 
then lofs of Time, are worth attempting •, it is 
what is every Day pradifed with the Sfaniards from 

Upon this Coaft our Rovers cruiz'd for about 
nine Weeks, keeping generally out of Sight of 
Land, but without feeing a Sail, which dilcourag'd 
them fo, that they determined to leave the Station, 
and fteer for the Wefl-hdies^ and in order thereto, 
flood in to make the Land for the taking of their 
Departure, and thereby they fell in, unexpeftediy, 
with a Fleet of 42 Sail o^ Portuguefe Ships, off the 
Bay of los todos Santos^ with all their Lading in for 
Lisbon^ leveral of them of good Force, who lay too 
waiting for two Men of War of 70 Guns each, 
their Convoy. However, Roberts thought it fhould 
go hard with him, but he would make up his Mar- 
ket among them, and thereupon mix'd with the 
Fleet, and kept his Men hid till proper Refolutions 
could be formed ^ that done, they came clofe up to 
one of the deepefl, and ordered her to fend the Ma- 
iler on Board quietly, threatening to give them wo 
Quarters, if any Refiftance, or Signal of Diftrefs 
was made. The Tortuguefe being furprized at thefe 
Threats, and the fudden flourilh of Cutlafhes 
from the Py rates, fubmitted without a Word, and 
the Captain came on Board :; Roberts faiuted him 
after a friendly manner, telling him, that they 
were Gentlemen of Fortune, but that their Bufi- 


222 Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

nels with him, was only to be informed which 
was the richeft Ship in that Fleet ^ and if he di- 
rected them right, he ihould be reftored to his Ship 
without Molefiation, otherwife, he muft expert im- 
mediate Death. 

Whereupon this Tortuguefe Mafter pointed to one 
of 40 Guns, and 1 50 Men, a Ship of greater Force 
than the Rover , but this no Ways difmayed them, 
they were Porti|guefe, they faid, and fo immediate- 
ly fteered away for him. When they came with- 
in Hail, the Mafter whom they had Prifbner, was 
ordered to ask, how Seignior Capitaln did ? And to 
invite him on Board, for that he had a Matter of 
Confequence to impart to himy which being done, he 
returned for Anfwer, That he would wait upon him 
frefently : But by the Buftle that immediately fol- 
lowed, the Pyrates perceived, they were difcovered, 
and that this was only a deceitful Anfwer to gain 
Time to put their Ship in a Pofture of Defence ; 
fo without further Delay, they poured in a Broad- 
Side, boarded and grapled her •, the Difpute was 
fhort and warm, wherein many of the Portuguefe 
fell, and two only of the Pyrates. By this Time 
the Fleet was alarmed. Signals of Top-gallant 
Sheets flying, and Guns fired, to give Notice to 
the Men of W^ar, who rid ftill at an Anchor, and 
made but fcurvy haft out to their AiTiftance*, and 
if what the Pyrates themfelves related, be true, 
the Commanders of thofe Ships were blameable to 
the higheft Degree, and unworthy the Title, or fo 
much as the iSlame of Men : For Roherts finding the 
Prize to fail heavy, and yet vefolving not to loofe 
her, lay by for the headmoft of them ("which 
much out foiled the other) and prepared for Bat- 
tle, which was ignominioufly declined, tho' of 
fuch 111 per lor Force *, for not daring to venture on 
the Pyrate alone, he tarried fo long for his Confort 
as gave them both time leifurely to make off. 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts. Q23 

They found this Ship exceeding rich, being la- 
den chiefly with Sugar, Skins, and Tobacco, and 
in Gold 40000 Moidors, bef.des Chains and Trinc- 
kets, of confiderable Value ^ particularly a Crofs 
fet with Diamonds, defigned for the King of Portu^ 
gal.:, which they afterwards prefented to the Gover- 
nor of Caianay by whom they were obliged. 

Elated with this Booty, they had nothing now 
to think of but fome fafe Retreat, where the^ 
might gi^e themfelves up to all the Pleafures that 
Luxury and Wantonnefs could beftow, and for the 
prefent pitch'd upon a Place called the DeviVs 
Iflandsy in the River of Surinam^ on the Coaft of 
Caianay where they arrived, and found the civileft 
Reception imaginable, not only from the Gover- 
nor and Factory, but their Wives, who exchan- 
ged Wares and drove a confiderable Trade with 

They feiz'd in this River a Sloop, and by her 
gained Intelligence, that a Brigantine had alio 
failed in Company with her, from Rhode-Iflandy la- 
den with Provifions for the Coaft. A Welcome Car- 
go ! They growing fhort in the Sea Store, and as 
Sancho fays. No Adventures to he made without Belly-^ 
Timber, One Evening as they were rumaging (their 
Mineof TreafureJ the Portuguefe Prize, this expect- 
ed VefTel was defer y'd at Mafl-Head, and Roberts^ 
imagining no Body could do the Bufinefs fo well as 
himfelf, takes 40 Men in the Sloop, and goes in 
purfuit of her *, but a fatal Accident followed this 
rafh, tho' inconfiderable Adventure, for Roberts think- 
ing cf nothing lefs than bringing in the Brigantine 
that Afternoon, never troubled his Head about 
the Sloop's Provifion, nor inquired what there was 
on Board to fubfift fuch a Number of Men ; but 
out he fails after his expeCted Prize, which he not 
only lofl further Sight of, but after eight Days 
contending with contrary Winds and Currents, 


224 ^^P^' Bart HO, Roberts. 

fourd themfelves thirty Leagues to Leeward. The 
Current ftill oppofmg their Endeavours, and per- 
ceiving no Hopes of beating up to their Ship, they 
eame to an Anchor, and inconfiderately fent away 
the Boat to give the reft of the Company Notice 
of their Condition, and to order the Ship to them ^ 
but'too foon, even the next Day, their Wants made 
them fenfible of their Infatuation, for their Water 
was all expended, and they had taken no thought 
how they fhould be fupply'd, till either the Ship 
came, or the Boat returned, which was not likely 
to be under five or fix Days. Here like Tantalusy 
they almoft famiihed in Sight of the freih Streams 
and Lakes ^ being drove to fuch Extremity at laft, 
that they were forc'd to tare up the Floor of the 
Cabin, and patch up a fort of Tub or Tray with 
Rope Yarns, to paddle aihore, and fetch off imme^ 
diate Supplies of Water to preferve Life. 

After fome Days, the long-wiili'd-for Boat came 
back, but w'th the moft unwellcome News in thef 
World, for Kennedy^ who was Lieutenant, and left 
in Abfence of Robensy to Command the Privateer 
and Prize, was gone off with both. This was Mor- 
tification with a Vengeance, and you may imagine^ 
they did not depart without fome hard Speeches 
from thofe that were left, and had fuffered by their 
Treachery : And that there need be no further 
mention of this Kennedy^ 1 fhall leave Captain Ro" 
hensy for a Page or two, with the Remains of his 
Crew, to vent their Wrath in a few Oaths and 
Execrations, and follow the other, whom we may 
reckon from that Time, as fleering his Courfe to- 
wards Execution Dock, 

Kennedy was now chofen Captain of the revolted 
Crew, but could not bring his Company to any 
determined Refolution ^ fome of them were for 
purfuing the old Game, but the greater Part of 
them feem'd to have Inclinations to turn from thofer 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 22$ 

evil Courfes, and get home privately, (for there 
was no Ad: of Pardon in Force,) therefore they 
agjreed to break up, and every Man to ihift for him- 
felf, as he fhould fee Occafion. The ftrft Thing they 
did, was to part with the great Vortuguez^$ Prize, and 
having the Mafter of the Sloop (whofe Name I 
think was Cane) aboard, who they faid was a very 
honeft Fellow, f for he had humoured them upon 
every Occafion,) told them of the Brigantine that 
Cohens went after *, and when the Pyrates Erft took 
him, he complemented them at an odd Rate, tel- 
ling them they were welcome to his Sloop and 
^argo, and wifh'd that the VefTel had been lar- 
ger, and the Loading richer for their Sakes/ To 
this good natured Man they gave the Vortvguez.e 
Ship, (which was then above half loaded,) three or 
four Negroes, and all his own Men, who returned 
Thanks to his kind Benefactors, and departed. 

Captain Kennedy in the Rover ^ failed to Barhadoes^ 
near which Ifland, they took a very peaceable 
Ship belonging to FirglnU ; the Commander was a 
Quaker, whole Name was Knot ; he had neither 
Piftol, Sword, nor Cutlafti on Bo^rd ; and Mr* 
Knot appearing lb very palTive to all they fiid to him, 
fome of them thought this a good Opportunity to 
go ofF^ and accordingly eight of the Pyrates went 
aboard, and he carried them fafe to l^irgmia : They 
made the Quaker a Prefent of lo Chefts of Sugar, 
10 Rolls ot Brafil Tobacco, 30 Moidors, and fome 
Gold-Duft, in all to the value of about 250 /. They 
alfb made Preftnts to the Sailors, fome more, fome 
lefs, and lived a jovial Life all the while they 
were upon their Voyage, Captain Knot giving theni 
their Way • nor indeed could he help himfelf, un^ 
lefs he had taken an Opportunity to furprize them, 
when they were either drunk or afleep ^ for a- 
wake they wore Arms aboard the Ship, and put 
him in a continiAl Terror-, it not being his Prin- 

F ciple 

226 Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

ciple (or the Seft's) to fight, unlefs with Art arid 
Collufion ^ he managed thefe Weapons well till 
he arrived at the Capes, and afterwards four of 
the Py rates went oil in a Boat, which they had 
taken with them, for the more eafily making 
their Efcapes. and made up the Bay towards Mary- . 
land^ but were forced buck by a Storm into an ob- 
fcure Place of the Country, where meeting with 
g^od Entertainment among the Planters, they con- 
tinued feveral Days without being discovered to 
be Fyrates. In the mean Time Captain Knot leav- 
ing four others on Board his Ship, (who intended 
to go to North-Carolma,) made what haft he could 
to diicover to Mr. Spotfwood the Governor, what 
Ibrt of PalTengers he had been forced to bring with 
him, who by good Fortune got them feized •, and 
b'earch being made after the others, who were 
revelling about the Country, they were alfo taken, 
and all try'd, convicted and hang'd, two Portu- 
guefe Jews who were taken on the Coaft of Brafily 
and whom they brought with them to Virginia^ be- 
ing the principal Evidences. The latter had found 
Means to lodge Part of their Wealth with the 
Planters, who never brought it to Account : But 
Captain Knot fur rendered up every Thing that 
beloi:!ged to them, that were taken aboard, even 
what they prefented to him, in lieu of fuch Things 
as they had plundered him of in their FaiTage, 
and obliged his Men to do the like. 

Some Days after the taking of the Virginia Man 
laft mentioned, in cruifing in the latitude of Ja- 
maica^ Kennedy took a Sloop bound thither from 
Bofl-on^ loaded with Bread and Flower *, aboard of 
this Sloop went all the Hands v/ho were for breaking 
'the Gang, and left thofe behind that had a Mmd 
to purfue further Adventures. Among the for- 
mer were A>7;7e:iy^ their Captain, of whole Honour 
they had fuch a difpicable Kotion,-thac they . were 


Capu Bartho. Roberts^ 227 

Jibout to throw him over-board, whea they found 
him ill the Sloop, as fearing he might betray them 
all, at their return to England ^ he having in his 
Childhood been bred a Pick-pocket, and before 
he became a Pyrate, a Houfe-breaker •, both Pro- 
feflions that tliefe Gentlemen have a very mean 
Opinion of. However, Captain Kennedy^ by ta- 
king folemn Oaths of Fidelity to his Companions, 
was faffered to proceed with them. 

In this Company there was but one that pr'etend- 
ed to any skill in Navigation, (for Kennedy could nei- 
ther write nor read, he being preferred to the 
Command merely for his Courage, which indeed 
he had often fignalizd, particularly in taking 
the Portugtiefe Ship,) and he proved to be a 
Pretender only;, for iliaping their Courfe to Ire^ 
land, wliere they agreed to land, they ran away 
to the North-Weft "Coaft of Scotland^ and there 
vvere toft about by hard Storms of Wind for le-* 
veral Days, without knowing where they wer^, 
and in great Danger of perifhing : At length they 
puilied the Veffel into a little Creek, and went all 
aihore, leaving the Sloop at an Anchor for the 
next Comers. 

The whole Company refrefti'd themfelves at a 
little Village about five Miles from the Place 
where they left the Sloop, and pafTed there for 
Ship-wreck'd Sailors, and no doubt might have 
travelled on without Sufpicion ^ but the mad and 
riotous Manner of their Living on the Road, 
occafion'd their Journey to be cut fliort, as we fhall 
oblerve prefently. 

Kennedy and another left theiti here, and travel- 
ling to one of the Sea-Ports, fhip'd themfelves for 
Ireland, and arrived there in Safety. Six or feven 
wifely withdrew from the reft, travelled at their 
leafure, and got to their much defired Port of Lon-' 
don^ withoutlDeing dlfturbed or fufpe^ed ^ biit the 
p 2 maia 

223 Capt. Bart HO. Roberts. 

main Gang alai m'd the Country where-ever they 
came, drinking and roaring at fuch a Rate, that the 
People fhut themfelves up in their Houfes, in fbme 
Places, not daring to venture out among fb many 
mad Fellows .* In other Villages, they treated the 
whole Town, fquandering their Money away, as 
if, like ^^fofy they wanted to lighten their Bur^ 
thens: This expenfive manner of Living procu^ 
red two of their drunken Straglers to be knocked 
on the Head, they being found murdered in the 
Road, and their Money taken from them : All the 
reft, to the Number of feventeen as they drew nigh 
to Edinburgh^ vvere arrefted and thrown into Goal, 
upon Sufpicion,ofthey knew not what; However, the 
Magiftrates were not long at a Lofs for proper Ac- 
cufations, for two of the Gang offering themfelves 
for Evidences were accepted of^ and the others were 
brought to a Ipeedy Tryal, whereof nine were con* 
vifted and executed. 

Kennedy having fpent all his Money, came over 
from Ireland, and kept a common B— y-Houfe on 
X>eptford Road, and now and then, 'twas thought, 
made an Excurfion abroad in the Way of his for^ 

mer ProfeiHon, till one of his Houlhold W .s 

gave Information againft him for a Robbery, for 
which he was committed to Bridewell ^ but becaule 
ihe would not do the Bufinefs by halves, ihe. found 
out a Mate of a Ship that Kennedy had committed 
Pyracy upon, as he fooliihly confefs'd to her. This 
Mate, whofe Name was Grant^ paid Kennedy a 
Vifit in Bridewell^ and knowing him to be the Man, 
procured a Warrant, and had him committed to 
the Marjljalfea Prifon. 

The Game that Kennedy had now to play was to 
turn Evidence himfelf ^ accordingly he gave a Lift 
of eight or ten of his Comrades ^ but not being ac- 
quainted with their Habitations, one only was ta- 
ken, who, tho' condemn'd, appeared to be a Man 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 229 

of a fair Charafter, was forc'd into their Service, 
and took the firft Opportunity to get from them, 
and therefore receivM a Pardon ^ but IFalter Ken- 
nedy being a notorious Offender, was executed the" 
19th of July^ 1 72 1 5 at Execution Dock. 

The reft of the Py rates who were left in the 
Ship Rovery ftald not long behind, for they went 
aihore to one of the IVeft-IndU Iflands ; what be- 
came of them afterwards?, I can't tell, but the 
Ship was found at Sea by a Sloop belonging to St. 
Chrlfiophersy and carried into that Ifland with only 
nine Negroes aboard. 

Thus we fee what a difaftrous Fate e\rer attends 
the Wicked, and how rarely they efcape the Pu- 
niihment due to their Crimes, who, abandon'd 
to fuch a profligate Life, rob, fpoil, and prey up- 
on Mankind, contrary to the Light and Law of Na- 
ture, as well as the Law of God. It might have 
been hoped, that the Examples of thefe Death's, 
would have been as Marks to the Remainder of 
this Gang, how to ihun the Rocks their Companions 
had fplic on ^ that they would have furrendered to 
Mercy, or divided themfelves, for ever from fuch 
Purfuits, as in the End they might be fure would 
fubjeO: them to the fame Law and Punilliment, which 
they muft be confcious they now equally delerved • 
impending Law^ which never let them fleep v/elJ, 
unlefs when drunk. But all the Ufe that was made 
of ic here, was to commend the juftice of the 
Court, that cor.demn'd Kennedy^ for he was a fad Dog 
(^they laid) md defeyved the Fate he met with. 

But to go back to Roberts^ whom we left on the 
Coaft of Caia'/fay in a grievous Pailion at what Kcn^ 
nedy and the Crew had done; and who was now 
projeding new Adventures with his fmall Com- 
pany in the Sloop ; but finding hitherto they had 
bf en but as a Rope of Sand, they formed a Set of 
Arti:le^, to be figned and fworn to, for the better 

P 3 Con- 

$30 Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

Confervation of their Society, and doing Juftice 
to one another •, excluding all Irijh Men from the 
Benefit of it, to whom they had an implacable 
Averfion upon the Account of Kennedy. How indeed 
Roberts could think that an Oath would be obliga- 
tory, where Defiance had been given to the Laws 
of God and Man, I can't tell, but he thought 
their greateft Security lay in this, That It was every 
cne'^s Interefi to ohferve them if they were minded to keep 
tif fo abominable a Combination, 

The following, is the Subftance of the Articles, as 
taken from the Pyrates own Informations. 


EVery Man has a Vote in Affairs of Moment ^ has 
equal Title to the frefh TrovifwnSy or firong Liquors^ 
at any Time fcized^ and -ufe them at fie a fur e^ nnlefs a 
Scarcity (no uncommon Thing among them) make 
it neccffary^ for the good of ally to vote a Retrenchment. 


Every A4an to be called fairly in tiirn^ by Lijl^ en Board 
of Priz,eSy bccaufe^ (over and above their profer Share^ 
'^hey were on thcfe Occafion's allowed a Shift of Cloaths : 
But if they defrauded the Company to the Va ue of a Dollar^ 
in PI ate J Jewels^ or Money ^ M ar oonino was their 
Tuniflment. ' This was a Barbarous Cuftom of put- 
ting the Offender on Shore, on Tome defoiate or 
iininhhbited Cape or Iftand, with a Gun, a few Shot, 
t\ Bottle of Water, and a Bottle of Powder, to fub- 
.ilft with, or ftarve. If the Robbery was only between 
ene another^ they contented themfelves with flitting the 
fars and Nofe of him that was Guilty ^ and fet him on 
Shore, not in an -uninhabited Vlace^ but fcmewhi^rej where 
he WAS fur c to envjunter HardfoipSo 


Ccpt. Ba-rtho. Roberts. 231 

No PerfontoGame at Cards tr Dice for A'' ■' 


Tloe Lights and Candles to he put out at eight o^Chck 
at Night : If any of the CreWy after that HouYj fiill re- 
mained inclined for Drinking^ they nere ts do it on the 
open Deck ^ which Roberts believed would gi/e a 
Check to their Debauches, for he was a fober Man 
himfelf, but found at length, that all his Endea- 
vours to put an End to this Debauch, proved 

To keep their Piece^ Pifiolsy and CutlaP^ clean, and fit 
for Service : In this they were extravagantly nice, 
endeavouring to outdo one another, in the Beauty 
and Richnefs of their Arms, giving fbmet^'mas at 
an Auction (at the Mafl,J 30 or 40/. a Pair, for 
Piftols. Thefe were flung in Time of i>ervice, 
with different coloured Ribbands, over their Shoul- 
ders, in a Way peculiar to thefe Fellows, in which 
they took great Delight. 


No Boy or Woman to he allowed amongft them. If a?:y 
Man were found fcducing anny of the latter Scx^ and car^ 
ried her to Sea, difguifed, he was to fuffer Death ^ fb 
that when any fell into their Hands, as it chanced 
in the Onflow^ they put a Centinel immediately 
over her to prevent ill Confequences from fo dange- 
rous an Inftrument of Divifion and Qiiarrel ; but 
then here lies the Roguery • they contend who ilial! 
be Centinel, which happens generally to one of the 

P 4 2,reateft 

7^7 Capt. JBartho. Robefts. 

greateft Bullies, who, to fecure the Lady's Virtue, 
will let none lye with her but himlelf^ 


To Defer t the Ship, or their Quarters in Battle^ wasfU" 
nljhed with Death ^ or Marooning, 


No firiking one another on Board, hut every Man's. 
Quarrels to he ended on Shore, at Sword and Fifloly Tious \ 
The Quarter-Mafter of the Ship, when the Parties 
will not come to any Reconciliation, accompanies 
them on Shore with what Ailiftance he thinks 
proper, and turns the Difputants Back to Back, at 
fo many Paces Diftance : At the Word of Com- 
mand, they turn and fire immediately, for elfe the 
Piece is knocked out of their Hands : ) If both mifs^^ 
they come to their Cutlafhes, and then he is decla- 
jred Victor wlio draws the firft BloocL 

No Man to talk of breaking up their Way of Livings 
till each had jhared a 1 000 /. If in order to thisy any 
Man pjould lofe a Limh^ or become a Cripple in their Ser^ 
Vice^ he was to have 800 Dollars, out of the fublick Stocky 
and for leffer Hurts, prcportionably^ 


Tlje Captain and Quarter-Mafifr to receive two Shares 
of a Pr/z.e •, the Mafier^ Boatfwain, and Gunner, one Share 
4md a halfy and other Officers^ one and a Quarter, 


The Mnftcians to have Befi on the Sabbath Day^ hut 
the other fix pays and Nights^ non^ without fpecial 

^^"'" " Theft 

Capu Bartho. Roberts. 255 

Thefe, we are afTured, were fome of Roberts''^ 
Articles, but as they had taken Care to throw 
over-board the Original they had fign'd and fworn 
to, there is a great deal of Room to furpe£i:, the 
remainder contained fome thing too horrid to be diC- 
clofed to any, except fuch as were willing to be 
Sharers in the Iniquity of them ^ let them be what 
they will, they were together the Teft of all new 
Comers, who were initiated by an Oath taken on a 
Bible, referv'd for that Purpofe only, and were fub- 
fcribMtoin Prefence of the worihipful Mr. Roberts. 
And in Cafe any Doubt fhould arife concerning the 
Conftruftion of thefe Laws, and it fhould remain a 
Pifpute whether the Party had infring'd them of 
no, a Jury is appointed to explain them> an.d bring 
in a Verdid upon the Cafe in Doubt. 

Since we are now fpeaking of the Laws of this 
Company, I Ihall go on, and, in as brief a Man- 
ner as I can, relate the principal Cufloms, and 
Government, of this roguilh Common-Wealth ; 
which are pretty near the fame with all Py rates. 

For the Punifhment of Imall Offences, which are 
not provided for by the Articles, and which are 
not of Confequence enough to be left to a Jury, 
there is a principal Officer among the Pyrates, 
called the Qiiarter-Mafler, of the Mens own chu- 
fmg, who claims all Authority this Way, Cexcept- 
ing in Time of Battle : ) If they difobey his Com* 
mand, are quarrelfome and mutinous with one ano» 
ther, mifufe Prifbners, plunder beyond his Order, 
and in particular, it they be negligent of their 
Arms, which he mufters at Dilcretion, he punifnes 
at his own Arbitrement, with drubbing or wliip- 
ping, which no one elfe dare do without incurring 
the Lafli from all the Ships Company : In fliort, 
this Oificer is Truftee for the whole, is the firft on 
Board any Pri^e, feparating for the Company's Uie, 


234 Capt. Bartho. Roberts^ 

what he pleales, and returning what he thinks fit 
i() the Owners, excepting Gold and Silver, which 
they have voted not returnable. 

After a Defcription of the Quarter-Mafter, and 
his Duty, who a&s as a fort of a civil Magiftrate 
on Board a Pyrate Ship ^ I fiiall confider their mi- 
litary Officer, the Captain ^ what Privileges he ex- 
erts in fuch anarchy and unruly nefs of the Mem- 
bers: Why truly very little, they only permit 
him to be Captain, on Condition, that they may be 
Captain over him ; they feparate to his Ufe the 
great Cabin, and fometimes vote him fmall Parcels 
of Plate and China, (for it may be noted that Ro^ 
herts drank his Tea conftantly) but then every Man, 
as the Humour takes him, will ufe the Plate and 
China, intrude into his Apartment, fwear at him, 
feize a Part of his Victuals and Drink, if they like 
it, without his offering to find Fault or con tell: it : 
Yet Roberts^ by a better Management than ufual, 
became the chief Direftor in every Thing of Mo- 
ment, and it happened thus : — The Kank of Cap- 
tain being obtained by the Suffrage of the Majority, 
5t falls on one fuperior for Knowledge and Boi duels, 
Tiftoi Proof (as they call it,) and can make thofe 
fear, who do not love him •, Roberts is faid to have 
exceeded his Fellows in thefe Refpe^ts, and when 
advanced, enlarged the Refpeft that followed it, 
by making a fort of PrivyXouncil of half a Do- 
zen of the greateft Bullies ; fach as were his Compe- 
titors, and had Intereft enough to make his Go- 
vernment enfy ^ yet even thofe, in the latter Part 
of ^his Reign, he had run counter to in every 
TrojeO: that oppoied his own Opinion •, for which, 
and bticaufe he grew reierved, and would not 
drink and roar at their Rate, a Cabal was formed 
to take away his Captainfnip, which Death did 
more effeftually. 


Capu Bartho. Roberts. 255 

The Captain's Power is uncontroulable in Chace, 
or in Battle, drubbing, cutting, or even ihooting 
any one who dares deny his Command. The lame 
Privilege he takes over Prifoners, who receive good 
or ill Ufage, moftly as he approves of their Be- 
haviour, for tho' the meanelt v/ould take upon 
them to mifufe a Mailer of a Ship, yet he would 
controul herein, when he fee it, and merrily over 
a Bottle, give his Prifoners this double Reafon 
for it. Firft, That it preferred his Precedence^ 
and fecondlyj That it took the Punifliment out of 
the Hands of a much more rafh and mad Sett of 
Fe flows than hlmfelf. When he found that Ri- 
gour was not expeOred from his People, (for 
he often pradifed it to appeafe them J then he 
would give Strangers to underftand, that it was 
pure Inclination that induced him to a good Treat- 
ment of them, and not any Love or Partiality to 
their Perlbns ^ for, fays he, there is none of you hut 
will hang me^ I know^ whenever you can clinch me within 
your Tower. 

And now feeing the Diflidvantages they were 
under for purfuing the Account, viz., a fmall Vef- 
fel ill repaired, and without Provifions, or Stores ; 
they refolved one and all, with the little Supplies 
they could get, to proceed for the Weft-Indies^ not 
doubting to find a Remedy for all thefe Evils, and 
to retreive their Lof*^. 

In the Latitude of Defeada^ one of the Iflands, 
they took two Sloops, which fupply'd them with 
Provifions and other Kecefiaries -^ and a few Days 
afterwards, took a Brigantine belonging to Rhode 
Ifland, and then proceeded to Barhadoesy off of 
which Ifland, they fell in with a ^r/y?(?/ Ship of lo 
Guns, in her Voyage out, from whom they took 
abundance of Cloaths, feme Money, twenty five 
Bales of Goods, five Barrels of Powder, a Cable, 


§5^ (:;apt. hA-RTHO. Ro^ERt^. 

Hawfer, to Casks of Oatmeal, fix Casks ofBeeG 
arid feveral other Goods, befides fiv'e of their Men; 
•and after tJiey had detained her three Days, let her 
go V vvho being bound for the abovefaid Illand, ihe 
^ccqiiainted the Governor with what had happened^ 
as ibdn jts ilie arri^/ed. 

Whereupon a Briftot Galley that lay in the Har* 
bour^ was ordered to be fitted out with all imagi^ 
nabie Expedition^ of lo Guns, and 80 Men, there* 
feeing then no Man of War upon that Station, and 
alio a Sloop with lo Guns, and 40 Men : The Gal- 
ley vvas commanded by one Captain Rogers^ of Brifiol^ 
and the Sloop by Captain Graves, of that Ifland, and 
Captaiii Rogers by a Comtniffion from the Governor, 
was appointed Commadore. 

The fecond Day after Rogers failed out of the 
M?irbour^ he vvas dilcovered by Roberts, who know- 
ing norliing of their Defign, gave them Chafe : The 
Mdrhadces Ships kept an eafy fail till the Pyrates 
taiiie up with them^ jlnd then Roberts gave them a 
Gun, expe£ling they would have immediately ftruck 
t6 his piratical Flag, but inftead thereof, he wa^ 
fbrced to receive th^ Fire of a Broadfide, with 
three Hu!^zas at the fame Time -^ fo that an En* 
gageiilent enfued, but Roberts being hardly put to 
it, was obliged td crovvd all the Sail the Sloop 
^ould bear, to get off: The Galley failing pretty 
wellj kept Company for a long while, keeping a 
ednftantFire, which gail'd the Pyrate •, however^ 
At length by throwing oyer their Guns, and other 
heclvy" Goods, and thereby light'jiing the VeiTel^ 
they, withiriuch ado, got clear •, but Roberts co\x\di 
hever endure a Barhadoes Man afterwards, and when 
arny Ships belonging to that Ifland fell in his Way^ 
h^ was inore particularly fevere to theiti than 

Captain Roberts failed in the Sloop to the Ifland 
6f i)omini€Oy where he watered, and got Proyifions 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts^ 257 

of the Inhabitants, to whom he gave Goods in Ex* 
change. At this Place he met with 13 EngU^men^ 
who had been ^et afhore by a French (3u4rd de I4 
Coficy belonging to A<fartimcoy taken out of twQ 
^ewEngland Ships, that had been leizM, as Prize, 
by the laid French Sloop : The Men willingly en» 
tered with the Pyrates, and it proved a feafonabl^ 

They ftaid not long here, tho' they had immg^ 
diate Occafion for cleaning their Sloop, but did not 
think this a proper Place^ and herein they judg'ci 
right ^ for the touching at this Ifland, had lik^ 
to have been their Deftrudion, becaufe they ha* 
ving refblved to go away to the Granada Iflandf^ 
for the aforefaid Purpofe, by fbme Accident 1% 
eame to be known to the French Colony, who fend* 
ing Word to the Governor of Martinico^ he equip* 
ped and manned two Sloops to go in Queft of 
them. The Pyrates failed dire£bly for the Gran^* 
diiloesy and hall'd into a Lagoon, at Corvocooy wher^ 
they cleaned with unufual Difpatch, ftaying but 
a little above a Week, by which Expedition they 
miffed of the A/iim';f/co Sloops, only a few Hours ^ 
Roberts failing over Night, that the F'rench arrived th# 
next Morning. This was a fortunate Efcape, efpe» 
cially confidering, that it was not from any Fears 
of their being difcovered, that they made fo much 
haft from the liland *, but, as they had the Impu* 
dence themfelves to own, for the want of Wine 
pnd Women. 

Thus narrowly efcaped, they failed for Newfound-^ 
landy and arrived upon the Banks the latter end 
of Juney 1720. They entered the Harbour of Tre* 
faffty with their black Colours flying, Drums bea* 
ting, and Trumpets founding. There were two 
and twenty Veffels in the Harbour, which th^ 
Men all quitted upon the Sight of the Pyrate, and 
ffed a^ior?. It is ijiipoijible particuhrly to recount 


238 Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

the Deftrudion and Havock they made here, burn-, 
ing and finking all the fhipping, except a Brlfibl^ 
Galley, and dellroying the Fiflieries, and Stages of 
the poor Planters, without Remorfe or Compun- 
0:ion •, for nothing is fo deplorable as Power in 
mean and ignorant Hands, it makes Men wanton 
and giddy, unconcerned at the Misfortunes they 
are impofnig on their Fellow Creatures, and keeps 
them Imiling at the Mifchiefs, that bring them- 
fel\''es no Advantage. Tloey are like mad Men^ that 
cafr Flre-Brandsy Arrows^ and Death ^ and fay^ are nop_. 
we in Sfort ? 

2?9/;frfjmannM the Brlfxol Galley- he took in the 
Harbour, and mounted \6 Guns on Board her, and 
cruifmg out upon the Banks, he met with nine or 
ttn Sail of Vrench Ships, all which he dedroyed ex- 
cept one of 16 Guns, which they feiz'd, and car^ 
ried off for their own Ufe. This Ship they chri- 
^w^^ the Fortune^ and leaving the Brifiol Galley to 
the French Men , they failed away in Company 
with the Sloop, on another Cruile, and took feve- 
ral Prizes, viz.^ the Richard of Biddlfordy Jonathan 
Whitfield Matter -^ the WHUng Mind of Pool ; the 
Expectation of Topfiam % and the Samuel^ Captain C?- 
ry^ of London \QvX of thefe Ships they encrealed 
their Company, by entring all the Men they could 
well fpare, in their own Service. The Samuel was 
a rich Ship, and had feveral PafTengers on Board, 
who were ufed very roughly, in order to make 
them dikover their Money, threatning them every 
Mom.ent with Death, if they did not refign every 
Thing up to them. They tore up the Hatches 
and entered the Hold like a parcel of Furies, and 
with Axes and Cutlalhes, cut and broke open all 
the Bales, Cafes, and Boxes, they could lay their 
Hands on •, and when any Goods came upon 
Deck, that they did not like to carry aboard, 
ij^ftead of tolTing them into the Hold again, 


Cdpt. Bartho. Roberts. 239 

threw them over-board into the Sea •, all this was 
done with inceiTant curfing and fwearing, more 
like Fiends than Men. They carried with them. 
Sails, Guns, Powder, Cordage, and 8 or 9000 1. 
worth of the cholceft Goods-, and told Captain 
Caryy That they jJjould accept of no ' AEl cf Grace *, that 

the K and V >t might he damned with their JlBs of 

G for them \ neither would they go to Hope-Point, 

to he hang'd up a Sun dryings as Kidd'j, and Braddifh'5 
Company were ^ hut that if they fhould ever he overpowered^ 
they would fet Fire to the Powdery with a Piftoly and go aU 
merrily to Hell together. 

After they had brought all the Booty aboard, 
a Confultation was held whether they ihould fink 
or burn the Ship, but whilft they were debating, 
the Matter, they fpyed a Sail, and fo left the Sa- 
muely to give her Chace -, at Midnight they came 
up with the fame, which proved to be a Snow from 
Brifloly bound for Bofton^ Captain Bowles Mafter : 
They us'd him barbaroufiy, becaufe of his Coun- 
try, Captain Rogers^ who attack'd them o^ Barha;* 
doesy being of the City of Brifiol, . > 

July the 1 6th, which was two Days afterwards,' 
they took a Firginia Man called the Little TorJiy James 
Philips Mafter, and the Love, of Leverpool^ which 
they plundered and let go *, the next Day a Snow 
from Brifioly calPd the Phmlxy John Richards Maiier, 
met with the fame Fate from them ^ as alfo a Bri- 
gantine, C?.^t2i.m Thomas ^ and a Sloop called the 5^^ 
hury 'j they took all the Men out of the Brigantine, 
and funk the VeiTel. 

When they left the Banks of Newfoundland^ they 
failed for the Wefi^-lndies^ and the Provifions grow- 
ing fhort, they went for the Latitude of the IHand 
Befeaday to cruife, it being efteemed the likeliefi: 
Place to meet with fuch Ships as (they ufed in their 
Mirth to fay J were configned to them, with Sup- 
plies. And it has been very much fufpe3:ed that 


3I40 Capt. Bart HO. Roberts. 

Ships have loaded with Provifions at the EngUftj 
Colonies, on pretence of Trading on the Coalt of 
Africa^ when they have in reality been con^ 
figned to them ; and tho** a fhew of Violence is 
otiered to them when they meet, yet they are 
pretty fure of bringing their Cargo to a good 

However, at this Time they miffed with thei^ 
lifual Luck, and Provifions and Neceffaries be- 
coming more fcarce every Day, they retired to- 
wards St. Chrifiophersy where being deny'd all Suc- 
cour or Ailiftance from the Government, they fir'd 
in Revenge on the Town, and burnt two Ships in 
the Road, one of them commanded by Captain 
CoXy of Briftol J and then retreated farther to the 
Ifland of St. BartholomeWj where they met with 
much handfomer Treatment. The Governor not 
only fupplying them with Refrefhraents, but he 
and the Chiefs carrefling them in the moft friendly 
Manner: And the Women, from lb good an Ex- 
ample, endeavoured to outvie each other in Drefs, 
and Behaviour, to attraft the good Graces of fuch ge- 
nerous Lovers, that paid well for their Favours. 

Sated at length with thefe Pleafures, and ha- 
ving taken on Board a good fupply of frefh Pro- 
vifions, they voted unanimoufly for the Coaft of 
Cuiney^ and in the Latitude of 22 N. in their Voyage 
thithei*, met with a French Ship from Martinlco^ rich- 
ly laden, and, which was unlucky for the Mafter, 
had a property of being fitter for their Purpofe, 
than the Banker. Exchange was no Robbery they faid, 
and fo after a little mock Complaifance to Monfieur, 
for the Favour he had done them, they fhifted 
their Men, and took leave : This was their firft 
Royal Fortune. 

In this Ship Roberts proceeded on his' defigned 
Voyage • but before they reached Guiney^ he pro- 
pofed to touch at Branja. the Southermoft of Cape 
^ rtrd 

Cffpt. Bartno. Roberts^ 241 

P^erd Iflands and clean. But here again by an 
intolerable Stupidity and want of Judgmerit, they 
got fb far to Leeward of their Port, that def-- 
pairing to regain it, or any of the Windward 
Parts of Africa^ they were obliged to go back 
again with the Trade-Wind, for the Weft-Indies -y 
which had very near been the Deftruftion of them 
all. Surinam was the Place now defigned tor, which 
was at no lefs than 700 Leagues Diitance, and they 
had but one Bogihead ot Water \Q[t to fupply 
124 Souls for that Pailage •, a lad Circumftance 
that eminently expofes the Folly and Madnefs 
among Pyrates, and he muft be an inconfiderat^ 
Wretch indeed, who, if he could feparate the 
Wickednefs and Punifliment from the Fad, would 
yet hazard his Life amidft fuch Dangers, as their 
want of Skill and Forecaft made them liable to. 

Their Sins, we may prefume were never fo trou- 
blefome to their Memories, as now, that inevita- 
ble Deftrudion feem'd to threaten them, without 
the leaft Glympfe of Comfort or Alleviation to 
their Mifery;, for, with what Face could Wretches 
Vfho had ravaged and made fo many Neceffitous, 
look up for Relief-, they had to that Moment li- 
ved in Defiance of the Power that now alone they 
muft truft for their PrefervatioUj and indeed with- 
out the miraculous Intervention of Providence, there 
appeared only this miferable Choice, viz. a pre- 
fent Death by their own Hands, or a lingVing one* 
by Famine. 

They continued their Courfe, and caine to aft 
Allowance of one fmgle Mouthful oi Wearer for 
24 Hours ^ many of them drank their Urine, or 
Sea Water, which, inftead of allaying, gave them 
an inextinguifhable Thirft, that killed them : Others 
pined and v\^ail:ed a little more Time in Fluxes 
ajid A pyrexias^ fo that they dropped away daily/ 
Thole that luftain'd the Mifery beft, were fuch as 

Q: almoin 

2'42 Capt. Bart HO, Roberts. 

almoft ftarved themfelves, forbearing all forts of 
Food, unlefs a Mouthful or two of Bread the whole 
Day, fothatthofe who furvived were as weak as 
it was poflible for Men to be and alive. 

But if the difmal Profpe£b they fet out with, 
gave them Anxiety, Trouble, or Pain, what muft 
their Fears and Apprehenfions be, when they had 
not one Drop of Water left, or any other Liquor 
to moiften or animate. This was their Cafe, when 
(by the working of Divine Providence^ no doubt,^ 
they were brought into Soundings, and at Night 
anchored in {even Fathom Water : This was an 
inexprellible Joy to them, and, as it were, fed the 
expiring Lamp of Life with frelh Spirits ^ but this 
could not hold long. When the Morning came, 
they faw Land from the Mafl-Head, but it was at 
fo great a Diftance, that it afforded but an indiffe- 
rent Profped to Men who had drank nothing for 
the two laft Days \ however, they dilpatch'd their 
Boat away, and late the fame Night it returned, 
to their no fmall Comfort, with a load of Water, 
informing them, that they had got off the Mouth 
of Meriwhiga River on the Coafl of Surinam* 

One v/ould have thought fo miraculous an Efcape 
ftiould have wrought fome Reformation, but alals, 
they had no fooner quenched their Thirft, but they 
had forgot the Miracle, till Scarcity of Provifions 
awakened their Senfes, and bid them guard againf^ 
flarving *, their allowance was very fmall, and yet 
they would profanely fay. That Trovidence which had 
gave them DriTj'k^ vpould^ 720 donhty bring them Meat alfoy 
if they ^vould nfe but an honefi Endeavour, 

In purfuance of thefe honeft Endeavours, they 
were peering for the Latitude of Barbadoesy with 
what little they had left, to look out for more, or 
Starve •, and, in their Way, met a Ship that anfwer- 
ed the^r NeceiQties, and after that a Brigantine i^ 
the former was called the Greyhound^ belonging to 


Capt. BART HO i ko^ERTS. 243 

St. Chrifiofhersy and bound to Philadtiphia^ the Mate 
of which figned the Pyrate's Articles, and was 
afterwards Captain df the Rangtry Confbrt to the 
Royd Fortune, 

Out of the Shiji and Brlgantlne, the Pyrates got 
a good fupply of Provifions and Liquor, fb th^tt 
they gave over the defigned Cruife, and watered 
at Tobago^ and hearing of the two Sloops that had 
been fitted out and fent after them at CorVocoOy they 
failed to the liland of Martinko^ to itlake the Go- 
vernor fome fort of an Equivailent, for the Care 
and Expedition he had Ihewn in that Atfain 

It is the Cuftom at Maninico^ for the Dutch In- 
terlopers that have a Mind to Trade with the Peo- 
ple of the Ifland, to hoifl their Jacks when they 
come before the Town : Roberts knew the Signal^ 
and being an utter Enemy to them, he bent his 
Thoughts upon Mifchief; and accordingly came 
in with his Jack flying, which, as he expefted, they 
miftook for a good Market, and thought them- 
lelves happieft that could (boneft dilpatch off their 
Sloops and VelTels for Trade. When Roberts had 
got them within his Power, (one after ano'ther,) 
he told them, he would not have it faid that they 
came off for nothing, and therefore ordered thent 
to leave their Money behind, for that they were 
a Parcel of Rogues, and hoped they would always 
meet with fuch a Dutch Trade as this was •, lie 
referved one Ve/Tel to let the PafTengers on Shor^ 
again, and fired the reft, to the Number of 

Roberts was (o enraged at the Attempts that had 
been made for taking of him, by the Governor so f^^r- 
hados and Afartinico, that he ordered a new Jack tc^ 
be made, which they e^er after hoifted, with his 
own Figure pourtrayM, ftanding upon two Skulls 
and under them the Letters AB H and A M Hy 

244 ^^P^^ Bart HO. Robert's. 

figriifying a Barhadian's and a Man ink an s Head, 
as may be feen in the Plate of Captain Roberts, 

At Domlmcoy the next Ifland they touched at, they 
took a Dutch Interloper of 22 Guns and 75 Men, 
and a Brigantine belonging to Rhode-Ifiandy one Nor" 
ton Mafter. The former made fome Defence, till 
feme of his Men being killed, the reft were dif^ 
couraged and ftruck their Colours. With thefe 
two Prizes they went down to Guadalupe ^ and 
brought out a Sloop, and ^French Fly-Boat laden 
with Sugary the Sloop they burnt, and went on 
to Aloonay, another Ifland, thinking to clean, but 
finding the Sea ran too high there to undertake 
it with Safety, they bent their Courfe for the 
North Part of H.'fpamola, where, at Bennetts Key, 
in the Gulf of Samlnah^ they cleaned both the 
Ship and the Brigantine. For tho' Hifpanlola be 
fettled by the Spaniards and French , and is the Re- 
fidence of a Prefident from Spain, who receives, and 
finally determines Appeals from all the other 
Spanijh Weft-India Iflands *, yet is its People by no 
Means proportioned to its Magnitude, fo that there 
are many Harbours in it, to which Pyrates may 
fecurely refort without Fear of Difcovery from 
the Inhabitants. 

Whilft they were here, two Sloops came in, as 
they pretended, to pay Roberts a Vilit^ the Mafters, 
whofe Kames were Farter and Tuchr'many addreljed 
the Pyrate, as the Queen of Sheba did SoUmon, to 
wit, That having heard of his Fame and AtchicvementSy 
they had put in there to learn his Art and Wil- 
dom in the Bufinefs of pyrating, being Vellels on 
the lame honourable Defign with himfelf^ and 
hoped with the Communication of his Knowledge, 
they Ihould alfo receive his Charity, being in want 
of Neceifaries for fuch Adventures. Roberts was 
v/on upon by the Peculiarity and Bluntnefs of thefe 
^ . two 

Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 245 

two Men, and gave them Powder, Arms, andvvhac 
ever elfe they had Occaiion for, fpent two or three 
merry Nights with them, and at parting, faid, he 
hoped the L vpoitld Profper their handy Works. 

They palled f^me Time here, after they had got 
their Velfel ready, in their ufual Debaucheries j 
they had taken a confiderable Quanty of Rum 
and Sugar, fo that- Liquor wjus as plenty as Wa- 
ter, and few there were, who denied themlelves 
the immoderate Ufe of it •, nay. Sobriety brought 
a Man under a Sufpicion of being in a Plot againft 
the Commonwealth, and in their Senfe, he was 
looked upon to be a Villain that would not be 
drunk. This was evident in the Affair of Hurry 
Glashy^ chofen Mafter of the Royal Fortune^ who, 
with two others, laid hold of the Opportunity 
at the laft Ifland they were at, to move off with- 
out bidding Farewel to his Friends. Glashy was 
a referved fober Man, and therefore gave Occa- 
iion to be fufpe^ted, {Jo that he was loon miffed 
after he went away •, and a Detachment being 
fent in queft of the Deferters, they were all three 
brought back again the next Day. This was a 
capital Offence, and for which they were ordered 
to be brought to an immediate Tryal. 

Here was the Form of Juftice kept up, which 
is as much as can be faid of feveral other Courts, 
that have more lawful Commiillons for what they 
do. ■ Here was no feeing of Council, and bri- 

bing of Witnelfes was a Cuftom not known among 
them '^ no packing of Juries, no torturing and wreft- 
ing the Senfe of the Law, for bye Ends and Purpo- 
les, no puzzling or perplexing the Caufe with un- 
intelligible canting Terms, and ufelefsDiftlndlons; 
nor was their Seilions burthened with numberlefs 
Officers, the Miniffers of Rapine and Extortion, 
with ill boding Afpeds, enough to fright jiftr£a 
from the Court. 

Q. 3 The 

H^ Cap. B ART HO. Roberts. 

The Place appointed for their Tryals, was the 
Steerage of the Ship ^ in order to which, a large 
Bovvl pfRupfi Punch was made, and placed upon 
the Table, the Pipes and Tobacco being ready, 
the judicial Proceedings began ^ the Prifoners were 
brought forth, and Articles of Indidlment againft 
them read *^ they were arraigned upon a Statute 
of their own making, and the Letter of the Law 
being ftrong againft them, and the Fa£t plainly 
proved, they were about to pronounce Sentence, 
when pne of the Judges mov'd, that they fliould 
firft Smoak t'other Pipe^ which was according- 
ly done. 

All the Prifoners pleaded for A r reft of Judg- 
xrient very movingly, but the Court had fuch an 
Abhorrence of their Crime, that they could not 
be prevailed upon to fhew Mercy, till one of the 
Judges, whole ^ame was Falentipje jijhflanty ftood 
up, and taJcing his Pipe out of his Mouth, faid, 
he had fomething to offer to the Court in b°half 
pf pne of the Prifoners-, and fpoke to this EffeO:, 
,,-_^ j^y G^ — ^ Glasby fi^ll not dye *, d- — -n me if he 
Jha'i, After this learned Speech, he fat down in 
his Place, and refumed his Pipe. This Motion 
was loudly oppofed by all the reft of the Judges, 
in equivalent Terms ^ but Jfli^Unty who was re- 
folute in his Opinion, made another pathetical 

Speech in the following Manner. G d n 

ye Gentlemert^ lam A^ good a Man as the hefl of you ^ 

d-'-r—m my S- 1 ifeijer I turned my Bad to any Man 

in my Life y or ever rrilly hy G—'^^r^ Glasby is an 
honefi Fellow-, notwithflanding this Misfortune^ and I love 
Ijlyn iV — / d — ^ — n me if I don't : 7 hofe he^ll live and 

repent of what he~ has dene -^ but ^: n me if he mufl 

dye^ JwiR dye along with him. And thereupon, he 
pul'led out a pair of Piftols, and prefented them 
to fome of the learried Judges upon the Bench ; 
who, perceiving his Argument lo well fypported, 
•' ^ , thought 

CapU BaRTHO. RoBEKTS. 247 

thoug;ht it reafonable that GUsby ihould be ac- 
quitted *, and fo they all came over to his Opinion, 
and allowed it to be Law. 

But all the Mitigation that could be obtained 
for the other Prifbners, was, that they fhould have 
the Liberty of chooiing any four of the whole 
Company to be their Executioners. The poor 
Wretches were ty'd immediately to the Maft, and 
there (hot dead, purfuant to their villainous Sen- 

When they put to Sea again, the Prizes which 
had been detained only for fear of fpreading any 
Rumour concerning them, which had like to have 
been fo fatal at Corvocoo, were thus difpofed of: 
They burnt their own Sloop, and mann d Norto?2''s> 
Brigantiiie, fending the Mafter away in the Dutch 
Interloper, not dilTatisfied. 

With the Royal Fortune^ and the Brigantine, which 
they chriftened the Good Fortune ^ they pulhed to- 
wards the Latitude of Defeada, to look oat for Pro- 
vifions, being very fhort again, and juft to their 
Wifh, Captain Hlngf^one^s ill Fortune brought him 
in their Way, richly laden for Jamaica \ him 
they carried to Berhudas and plundered-, and 
ftretching back again to the Wefl-hdies^ they con- 
tinually met with fome Confignment or other, 
(chieiiy French^) which ftored them with Plenty 
of Provifions, and recruited their ftarving Con- 
dition •, fo that flocked with this fort of Am- 
munition, they began to think of fomething wor- 
thier their Aim, for thefe Robberies that only 
fupplied what was in coiftant Expenditure, by 
no Means anfwered their I itentions \ and accor- 
dingly they proceeded again for the Coaft of 
Gutnty^ where they thought to buy Gold-Dufl: very 
cheap. In their Palllige thither, they took Num- 
bers of Ships oi all Kations, fome of which thiy 

Q. 4 burnt 

248 Capt, Bartho. Roberts. 

burnt or lunk, as the Carriage or Charaders of the 
Maftei:s difpleafed them. 

Notwithftandiiig the fuccefsful Adventures ot 
this Crew, yet it was with great Difficulty they 
could be kept together, under any kind of Re- 
gulation ^ for being almoft always raad or drunk, 
their Behavio'ir produced infinite Difbrders, every 
Man being in his own Imagination a Captain, a 
Prince, or a King. When Roberts law there was no 
managing of fuch a Company of wild ungovernable 
Bru'-es, by gentle means, nor to keep them from 
drinking to excefs, the Caufe of all their Diftur- 
bances, he put on a rougher Deportment, and a 
more magefierial Carriage towards them, corred- 
ing whom he thought fit -, and if any ieemed to 
referjt his Ufage, he told them, they m'ght go afjjore 
and tale Satl^fatHon ofhrn^ if they tkovght fit^ at Sword 
and Tijlolj for he neither vaiud or fear d any of them. 

About 406 Leagues from the Coaft of Africa^ 
the Brigantine who had hitherto lived with them, 
in all amicable Correfpondence, thought fit to take 
the Opportunity of a dark Night, and leave the 
Commadore, which leads me back to the Re- 
lation of an Accident that happened at one of the 
Iflands of the Weft-hdles^ where they water'd be- 
fore they undertook this Voyage, which had like 
to have thrown their Government (fuch as it 
was) oif the Hinges, and was partly the Occafion 
of the Separation : The Story is as follows. 

Captain Roberts having been infulted by one of 
the drunken Crew, (whofe Karae I have forgot,) 
he, in the Heat of his Pafiion killed the Fellow on 
the Spot, which was relented by a great many 
others, put particularly one "jonesy a brisk adive 
young Man, who died lately in the Marpmlfea^ ari4 
was his Me Is- Mate. This J ones was at that Time 
afhore a watering the Ship, but as loon as he came 
on Board, was told that Captain Roberts had killed 



his- Comrade •, upon which he curfed Roberts, and 
faid, he ought to be ferved fo himfelf. Roberts' 
hearing Jones's hweftive, ran to him with a Sword, 
and ran him into the Body •, who, notwithftanding 
his Wound, feiz'id the Captain, threw him over 
a Gun, and beat him handlbmely. This Adven- 
ture put the whole Company in an Uproar, and 
fome taking Part with the Captain, and others 
againfthim, there had like to have enfued a gene- 
ral Battle with one another, like my Lord Tho^ 
nionis Cocksy however, the Tumult was at length 
appeas'd by the Mediation of the Quarter-Mafter ; 
and as the Majority ot the Company were of Opi- 
nion that the Dignity of the Captain, ought 
to be Ilipported on Board-, that it wiis a Poft of 
Honour, and therefore the Per ion whom thejr 
thought fit to confer it on, fhould not be violated 
by any hngle Member *, wherefore they fentenced' 
Jones to undergo two Lafhes from every one of the 
Company, for his Mifdemeanour, which was ex- 
ecuted upon him as loon as he was well of his 

This fevere Punilhment did not at all convince 
Jones that he was in the wrong, but rather ani- 
mated him to fome fort of a Revenge •, but not be-* 
ing able to do it upon Roberts'*?, Perfon, on Board 
the Ship, he and fever a 1 of his Comrades, correl- 
pond with. Arj fits, Cajtiin ot the Brigantine, and 
confpire with him and fome of the principal Py- 
rates on Board that Veflel, to go off from the Coni- 
pany. What made Anftis a Malecontent, was, the 
Inferiority he flood in, with Refpe£l: to Roberts^ who 
carried himfelf with a haughty' and maginerial 
Air, to him and his Crew, he regarding the Bri- 
gantine only as a Tender, and, as fuch, left them no 
more than the Refufe of their Plunder. Inihort, 
Jones and his Confort go on Board of Captain An- 
rfiisj on Pretence of a Vifit, and there confulting 


.2$o Caps. Bart HO. Roberts. 

with their Brethren, they find a Majority for la^ 
vijig of Roberts^ and ib came to a Reiolution to bid 
a fbft Farewei, as they call it, that Night, and to 
throw over-board whofoever fhould flick out :; buc 
they proved to be unanimous, and effefted their De- 
fign as above-mentioned. 

I fhall have no more to fay of Captain Jnflisy 
til! the Story of Roberts is concluded, therefore I 
return to him, in the purfuit of his Voyage to 
Guiney. The lofs of the Brigantine was a lenidble 
Shock to the Crew, ihe being an excellent Sailor, 
and had 70 Hands aboard \ however, Roberts who 
was the Occafion of it, put on a Face of Uncon- 
cern at this his ill ConduO: and Mifmanagement, 
and refolved not to alter his Purpofes upon that 

Roberts fell in to Windward nigh the Senegal^ a Ri- 
ver of great Trade for Gum, on th^s Part of the 
CoafV, monopolized by the French^ who conftantly 
keep Cruifers, to hinder the interloping Trade : 
At this Time they had two fmall Ships on that Ser- 
vice, one of 10 Guns and 55 Men, and the other 
of 16 Guns and 75 Men-, who having got a Sight 
of Mr. Roberts^ and fuppofmg him to be one of 
thefe prohibited Traders, chafed with all the Sail 
they could make, to come up with him-, but their 
Hopes which had brought them very nigh, too late 
deceived them, for on the hoifting of Jolly Roger^ 
Cthe Name they give their black Flag,) their French 
Hearts failed, and they both furrendred without 
any, or at leaft very little Refiftance. With thefe 
Prizes they went into Slerrdeorty and made one of 
them their Confort, by the Name of the Ranger^ and 
the other a Store-Ship, to clean by. 

Slerraleon River difgorges with a large Mouth, 
the Starboard-Side of which, draughts into little 
Bays, fafe and convenient for cleaning and water- 
ing -, what ftill made it preferable to the Pyrates, 


Capt. Bartho. Robej^ts. 251 

is, that the Traders fettled here, are naturally 
their Friends. There are about 30 Englipj Men in 
all, Men who in fome Part of their Lives, have 
been either privateering, buccaneering, or pyrating, 
and ftill retain and love the Riots, and humours, 
common to that fort of Life. They live very 
friendly with the Natives, and. have many of them 
of both Sexes, to be their Gromettas^ or Servants : 
The Men are faithful, and the Women fo obedient, 
that they are very ready to proftitute themfelves 
to whomfbever their Matters iliall command them. 
The Roy 7i\ jdfrkarj Company has a Fort on a fmall 
Ifland calfd Ber^ce Illand, but 'tis of little Ufe,befides 
keeping their Slaves ^ the Diftance making it in* 
capable of giving any Moleftation to their Star- 
board Shore. Here lives at this Place an old Fel- 
low, who goes by the Name of Crackers^ who was 
formerly a noted Buccaneer, and while he followed 
the Calling, robb'd and plundered many a Man ; 
he keeps the beft Houfe in the Place, has two or 
three Guns before his Door, with which he Salutes 
his Friends, {"the PyrateSjWhen they put in) and lives 
a jovial Life with him, all the while they are there. 

Here follows a Lift, of the reft of thole lawlefs 
Merchants, and their Servants, who carry on a 
private Trade with the Interlopers, to the great 
Prejudice of the Royal African Company, \vho with 
extraordinary Induftry and Expence, have made, 
and maintain. Settlements without any Confidera- 
tion from thofe, who, without fuch Settlements 
and Forts, would foon be under an Incapacity of 
purfuing any fuch private Trade. Wherefore, 'tis to 
be hopM, proper Means will be taken, to root out a 
pernicious fet of People, who have all their Lives, 
fupported themfelves by the Labours of other Men. 

Two of thefe Fellows enter'd \v\th. Robert's Crew, 
and continued with them, till the Deftruftion of 
the Company, 


^52 Capu Bart HO. Roberts. 

4 Ltfl of the White-Men^ now living on the 
high hand of Sierraleon, and the Craft they 

^ ^ir O // iV Leadftone^ three Boats and Perlagoe. 
- ' «J His Man Tfim^ ■ ■ 

His Man John Brown. 

Alexander TCilddkton^ one Long-Boat, 

His Man Charles Hawkins. 

'm^ii^'^ead, ^^«""^'-^> -^^ Long-Boac. 
Their Man John ffernon. 
David ChatmerSy^ Qiie Long-Boat. 
John Chatmersy one Long-Boat. 
Richard Richardfony one Long-Boat. . 

KMHWre., ^Partners tvvoL6n|:Boats, and 
K.bertsGly.n, $ t^vo foiall Boats. 

His .Man John Fr^riks: 
William Wait Sy arid oiie' young Man. 
. . John Bomierman. 

John £i?glandy one Long-Boat. 

Robert Samflesy one Long-Boat. 

William Frefgrove^ ^ 

lUrryy t one Sloop, two Long-Boats, 

,5^';' / \ a imall Boat, and Periagoe. 

Mitchely J ' ^ 

Richard Lamhy 

With Roquis Rodrigusy a Tortuguefe, 

Ceorge Bijhop. 

Peter Brown. 

John Joius^ one Long-Boat, 


,Capt.BARTiro. Roberts. 253 

r^ Jlis Iri^j young Man. 

-^*- At Rio VungOy Benjamen Gun. 

"f^'^At Kidhamy George Teats. 

At Gdlyneasy Richard Lemmons, 

'io The Harbour is lb convenient for Wooding and 
Watering, that it occalions many of our trading 
Ships, efpecially thofe of Briftol, to call in there, 
with large Cargoes of Beer, Syder, and ftrong Li- 
quors, which they Exchange with thefe private 
Traders, for Slaves and Teeth, pur chafed by them 
at the Rio Nwae^Sy and other Places to the North- 
^ward, fo that here was what they call good 

Hither Roberts c^me the End^ of y^w^, 1721, and 
-had hitelligence that the Swallow, and Weymouth^ two 
Men of War, of 50 Guns each, had left that River a- 
bout a Month before, and deligned to return about 
Chriftmas *, ib that the Pyrates could indulge them?* 
felves with all the Satisfadion in the VVorld, in 
that they knew they were not only fecure whilft 
there, but that in going down the Coaft, after 
the Men of War, they fhould always be able to 
get fuch Intelligence of their Rendezvous, as would 
ferve to make their Expedition fafe. So after fix 
Weeks ftay, the Ships being cleaned and fitted, 
and the Men weary of whoring and drinking, they 
bethought themfelves of Bufmefs, and went to 
Sea the Beginning of jiugufi, taking their Progrels 
down the whole Coafl, as low as Jaqum, plunder- 
ing every Ship they met, of what was valuable in 
her, and fometjmes to be more mifchieviouHy wick- 
ed, would throw what they did not want, over- 
; 'board, accumulating Cruelty to Theft. 
^ 'In this Range, they exchanged their old French 
Ship, for a fine Frigate built Ship, call'd the Onflow, 
belonging to the Royal African Company, Captain 


254 ^^P^* Bartho. Roj^erts. 

Gee Commander, which happened to lye at SeftoSy to 
get Water and NecelTaries for the Company. A 
great many of Captain Gee''s Men were aihore, 
when Robertas bore down, and fb the Ship con- 
fequently furpriz'd into his Hands, tho** had 
they been all on Board, it was not likely the Cafef 
"Would have been otherwile, the Sailors, moft of 
them, voluntarily joyning the Pyrates, and encou- 
raging the fame Dilpofition in the Soldiers, (who 
were going Paffengers with them to Cape-Corfo-Cafile) 
whole Ears being conftantly tickled with the 
Peats and Gallantry of thofe Fellows, made them 
fancy, that to gOy was only being bound on a Voy- 
age of Knight Errantry (to relieve the Dlftrefs'd, 
and gather up Fame) and fo they likew ife offered 
themfelves ^ but here the Pyrates were at a Stand, 
they entertain'd fo contemptible a Notion ofLand- 
men, that they put 'em oft" with Refufals for fome 
time, till at length, being weary'd with Solicita- 
tions, andpittying a Parcel of flout Fellows, which 
they faid, were going to flarve upon a little Canky 
and Plantane, they accepted of them, and allow'd 
them * Share, as it was then term'd out of Cha- 

There was a Clergyrrian on Board the OnfloWj 
fent from EngUndy to be Chaplain of Cdpe-Corfo- 
Caflle^ fbme of the Pyrates were for keeping him, 
alledging merrily, that their Ship wanted a Cha- 
plain-, accordingly they offered him a Share, to 
take on with them, promifing, he fhould do no- 
thing for his Money, but make Punch, and fay 
Prayers •, yet, however brutifh they niight be in 
other Things, they bore fo great a Refped to his 
Order, that they refolded not to force him agai nil 
his Inclinations-, and the Parfon having no Reli/h 
for this fort of Life, excufed himfelf trom accepting 
the Honour they defigned him ; they were fatisfied, 
and generous enough to deliver him back every 


Capi. BA-RTHO. RoBE-RTS. Q55 

Thing he owned to be his: The Parfon laid hold 
of this favourable Difpofition of the Pyrates, and 
laid Claim to feveral Things belonging to others, 
which were alfo given up, to his great Satisfaction ^ 
in fine, they kept nothing which belonged to the 
Church, except three Frayer-Books, and a Bottle- 

The Py rates kept the Onflo'w for their own 
Ufe, and gave Captain Gee the French Ship, and 
then fell to maknig fuch Alterations as might fit 
her for a Sea-Rover, pulling down her Bulk-Heads, 
and making her fiulh, fo that (he became, in all 
RefpeCts, ascompleat a Ship for their Purpole, as 
any they could have found •, they continued to her 
the Name of the Royd Fortune y and mounted her 
with 40 Guns. 

She and the Ranger proceeded (as I fa id before,) 
to Jacjuiriy and trom thence to Old Calabar^ where 
they arrived about OHoher^ in order to clean their 
Ships, a Place the moft fnitable along the whole 
Coaft, for there is a Bar with not above 1 5 Foot 
Water upon it, and the Channel intricate, fo that 
had the Men of War been fure of their being har- 
bour'd here, they might ftill have bid Defiance to 
their Strength, for the Depthof Water at the Bar, 
as well as the want o: a Pilot, was a fufficient Se- 
curity to the Rovers, and invincible Impediments 
to them. Here therefore they fat eafy, and divi- 
ded the Fruits of their diftioneft Inftuftry, and dranl 
and drove Care away* The Pilot who brought them 

into this Harbour, was Captain L f, who for 

this, and other Services, was extreamly well paid, 
according to the Journal of their own Accounts, 
which do not run in the ordinary and common way, 
of Debtor J contra Creditor^ but much more concife, 
lumping it to their Friends, and fb carrying the 
Debt in their Heads, againft the next honeft Trader 
tli^y meet. 


7$6 Capt. Baftho. Roberts. 

They took at Calabar^ Captain Loa^je^ and two 
or three Brlftol Ships, the Particulars of all 
which would be an unnecelTary Prolixity, there- 
fore I come now to give an Account of the 
Ufage they received from the Natives of this Places 
The Calabar Negroes did not prove fo civil as they 
expeO:ed, for they refuled to have any Commerce 
orTrade with them, when they underftood they were 
Py rates : An Indication that thefe poor Creatures, 
in the narrow Circumftances they were iii, and 
without the Light of the Gofpel, or the Advan- 
tage of an Education, have, notwithftanding, fuch a 
moral innate Honefty, as would upbraid and iliame 
the moft knowing Chriftian : But this did but exn 
afperate thefe lawlefs Fellows, and fo a Party of 
40 Men were detached to force a Correfpondence.j 
or drive the Negroes to Extremities •, and they 
accordingly landed under the Fire of their own 
Cannon. The Negroes drew up in a Body of 2000 
Men, as if they intended to difpute the Matter with 
them, and ftaid till the Py rates advanced within 
Piftol-ihot ♦, but finding the Lofs of two or three, 
made no ImpreiTion on the reft, the Negroes 
thought fit to retreat, which they did, with Ibme 
Lofs : The Pyratesfet Fire to the Town, and then 
return'd to their Ships. This terrified the Na- 
tives, and put an entire ftop to all the Intercourfe 
between them •, fo that they could get no Sup* 
plies, which obliged them, as foon as they had 
finifhed the cleaning and triming of their Ships, to 
lofe no Time, but went for Cape Lo^ez.^ and watered, 
and at Anna-Bona took aboard a Stock of frefh Pro- 
vifions, and then failed for the Coaft again. 

This was their laft and fatal Expedition, which 
we fhall be more particular in, becaufe, it cannot 
be imagined that they could have had Alfurance 
to have undertaken it, but upon a Prefumption, 
that the Men of War, (whom they knew were 


Ca^t. Bartho. Roberta. 257 

upon the Coaft,) were unable to attack them, or 
elfe purfuant to the Rumour that had indifcretio- 
jially obtained at SUrrakon^ were gone thither 

It is impoijible at this Time, to think they coulcl 
know of the weak and fickly Condition they were 
in, and therefore founded the Succefs of this le* 
cond Attempt upon the Coaft, on the latter Pre- 
fumptioii, and this feems to be confirmed by their 
falling in with the Coaft as low as Cape Lahou^ fan4 
even that was higher than they defignedjj in thp 
beginning o^ January y and took the Ship called the 
King Solomon^ with 20 Men in their Boat, anc} ^ 
trading Veifel, both belonging to the Company, 
The Pyrate Ship happened to fall about a League 
to Leeward of the King Solomon, at Cape Jffolloni^y 
and the Current and Wind oppofmg their working 
up with the Ship, they agreed to lend the Long? 
Boat, with a fufficient Number of Men to tak^ 
her : The Pyrates are all Voluntiers on thefe Ge- 
cafions, the Word being always giv-en, voho will go P 
And prefently the ftanch and ftrm Men offer them^ 
lelves ; becaufe, by fuch Readinefs, they recom,^ 
mend their Courage, and have an Allowance alio 
of a Shift of Cloa'ths, froni Head to Fpot^ oup pf 
the Prize. 

They rowed towards the King Solomon with X 
great deal of Alacrity, and being hailed by the 
Commander of her, anfwered, defiance ♦, Captain 
Trahern, before thls^ obferving a great Number of 
Men in the Boat, began not to like his Vifitors^ 
and prepared to receive them, firing a Musket 
a^ they come under bis Stern, which .they re-» 
turned with ^ Volley, and made greater Spee4 
to get on Board : Upon this, he applied to his 
Men, and ask'd them, whether they would ftan4 
by him, to defend the Ship, it being a Shame they 
iJiouJd be ta)^n by half their ^ymber^ without 

258 Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

any RepuUV? But his Boatfwain, PhlUpsy took 
upon him tote the Mouth of the People, and put 
an End to the Difpute •, he faid plainly, he would 
not, laid dov,/n his Arms in the King's Kame, ashs 
vvas.p'.earred to tei'm it, and called out to the Boat 
for Quarters, fo that the reft, by his Example, 
were millead to the lofing of the Ship. 

When they came on Board, they brought her 
under Sail, by an expeditious Method, of cutting 
the. Cable-:; Wdden^ one of the Py rates, telling 
the Mafter, th'xsyoho^s of heaving up the Anchor 
was a needlefs trouble, when they defigned to 
burn the Ship. They brought her under Com- 
madore Robert s'^s Stern, and not only rifled her 
of what Sails, Cordage, &c. they wanted for them- 
ielves, but wantonly throw'^d the Goods of the 
Company overboard, like Spend-thri "ts, that nei- 
ther expecled or defigned any Accou it. 

On the fame Day alfo, they took the Flu^nngy a 
JD/^fc^Ship, robbed her of Maft^, Yards and Stores, 
"and then cut down her Fore-Maft ^,but what fat 
as heav ly as any thirg with the Sh'ipe^y was, their 
taking Tome fine Sau fa ges he had on Board, of his 
Wife's making, and ftringing them in a ludicrous 
Manner, round their Neck^, till they had fuffici- 
ei tly fhewM their Contempt of them, and then 
threw them into fhe.Sea. Others chopp'd the 
Feads. of his FowTs ort, to be dreffed for their 
Sapper, and courteouily invited the .Landlord, pro- 
vided he would find Liquor. It was anielancholly 
Requeft to the Man, but it muft be comply'd with, 
ai.ul he was obliged, as they grew drunk, to fit 
qu'etly, 'arid hear them fihg French and SpanijI) Songs 
out of his Dutch Prayer-Books, wah other Pro- 
phanefs, that he (tho- a Dutch Man) Hood ama^ 
zed at. . u ;./: ' - 

luchafiiig too Bed r in, they alarmed the Coafl-^ 
and £xpreiTes were teat to the Erj^i^'JJj and Dutch 

^ .. Fafto- 

Ca^ilrr/n Bartlio.Rob 

ts ?m';t/i -tri^t? J'/iz/u ,l^z\ ^Ae Royal Fbrtune ^///// Ranger//-/ /^<^,/ 

Capt. Baftho. Roberts. 259 

Fadones, giving an Account oT it: They were 
fenfible of this Error immediarely, and becaufe 
they would make the beft of a bad Market, re- 
folved to keep out of fight of Land, and lofe the 
Prizes they might expeO: between that and M^oy^ 
dah, to make the more fure of that Port, where 
commonly is the beft Booty •, all Nations trading 
thither, efpecially Portngucfey who purchafe chiefly 
with Gold, the Idol their Hearts were bent upon. 
And notwithftanding this unlikely Courfe, they 
met and took feveral Ships between j4xim and that 
Place-, the circumftantial Stories of which, and 
the panuick Terrors they ftruck into his Majefty's 
Subjeds, being tedious and unneceiTary to relate, 
I fkall pafs by, and come to their Arrival in that 
Road. ■Wy': 

They came to Whyddh with a St. George's Enfign, 
a black Silk Flag ilying at their Mizen-Peek, and 
a Jack and Pendant of the fame : The Flag had a 
Death in it, with an Hour-Glafs in one Hand, 
and crofs Bones in the other, a Dart by it, and 
underreath a Heart droppi):ig three Drops of Blood. 
— The Jack had a Man pourtray'd in it, with 
a flaming Sword in his Hand, and ftanding on two 
Skulls, f ibfcribed A B H and A M H i.e. a Bar- 
hadia-a^s and a MartinlcarPs Head, as has been be- 
fore taken Notice of. Here they found eleven 
Sail in the Road, Eriglifli, French and Portnguefe ^ the 
French were three ftout Ships of 30 Guns, and up- 
wards of 100 Men each, yet when Roberts came 
to Fire, they, with the other Ships, immediately 
itruck their Colours and furrendred to his Mercy. 
One Reafbn, it muft be confefs'd, of his eafy 
Vi£tory^ was, the Commanders and a good Part of 
the Men being afliore, according to the Cuftom of 
the Place, to receive the Cargoes, and return the 
Slaves, they being obliged to watch the Seafons for 
it, which othervvife, in fo dangerous a Sea as here 

R 2 . would 

76o Capt. Bartho. Roberts:. 

would be imprafticable. Thefe all, except the 
PorcupmCy ranlomed with him for eight Pound of 
Goid-Duft, a Ship, not without the trouble of fome 
Letters paffing and repafling from the Shore, before 
they could fettle it^ and notwithftanding the 
Agreement and Payment, they took away one of 
the French Ships, the" with a Promife to return 
her, if they found flie did not fail well, taking 
with them feveral of her Men for that End. 

Some of the Foreigners, who never had Dealing 
this Way before, defired for Satisfaction to their 
Owners, that they might have Receipts for their 
Money, which were accordingly given, a Copy of 
one of them, I have here fubjoined, vtz., 

THIS is to certify whom it may or doth concerriy that 
received eight Pounds ofGold-Dufl-yfor the Ranfom of the 
Hardey, Caftain Dittwitt Commander y fo that we Dif- 
charge the [aid Shipy 

Witnefs our Hatidsy this Batt. Roberts, 

i^^th of Jan. 1 721 -2. ' Harry Glasby. 

^ Others were given to the Tortuguefe Captains, 
which were in the fame Form, but being figii'd by 
two waggiih Fellows, viz.. SuttoKy and Symfjony they 
fubfcribed by the Names of, 

A<tron Whl^ingplny 
Sim* Tug-mutton, 

But there was ibmething fb fingulnrly cruel 
and barbarous done here to the Porcupine y Captain 
Fletcher y as muft not be pafTed over without fpeciai 

This Ship lay in the Road, almofl flaved, when 
the Pyrates came in, and the Commander being 
on Shore, fettling his Accounts, wa$ fent to for the 
Ranfom, but he expufed it, as having no Orders 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 261 

from the Owners ;, though the true Reafbn might 
be, that he thought it diihonourable to treat with 
Robbers ^ and that the Ship, feparate from the 
Slaves, towards whom he could miftruft no Cruel- 
ty, was not worth the Sum demanded •, hereupon, 
Roberts fends the Boat to transport the Negroes, in 
order to iet her on Fire •, but being in haft, and 
finding that unfhackling them coft much Time and 
Labour, they aftually fether on Fire, with eighty 
of thofe poor Wretches on Board, chained two and 
two together, under the miferable Choice of periih- 
ing by Fire or Water: Thofe who jumped over*- 
ho'dr'd from the Flames, were feized by Sharks, a 
voracious Fifh, in Plenty in this Road, and, in their 
Sight, tore Limb from Limb alive. A Cruelty un- 
pa raleird ! And for which had every hidividual been 
hanged, few I imagine would think that Juftice had 
been rigorous. 

The "Py rates, indeed, were obliged to difpatch 
their Bufmefs here in haft, becaufe they had in- 
tercepted a Letter from General Phips to Mr. j5^/A 
WW, the Royal Jfrican Company's Agent ztllloydah^ 
(giving an Account, that Roberts had been feen to 
Windward of Cape Three Toitits,) that he might 
the better guard againft the Damages to the Com- 
pany's Ships, if he Ihould arrive at that Road 
before the Swal/orv Man of War, which he afTured 
him, (at the Time of that Letter,^ was purfuing 
them to that Place. Roberts call'd up his Company, 
and defired they would hear Phlp's Speech, ffor fo 
he was pleafed to call the Letter,^ and notwith- 
ftanding their vapouring, perfwaded them of the 
KeceiTity of moving *, for, fays he, fuch brave FeU 

* lows cannot be fuppofed to be frightned at this 

* News, yet that it were better to avoid dry Blows, 

* which is the beft that can be expelled, if over- 

* taken. 

R 3 This 

zGi ,Capt. Babtho. Robefts. 

This Advice vveigh\i w'th them, and they got 
under Sail, having ftay'd only from Thurfday to 
Saturday Night, and at Sea voted for the Ifland of 
u^ma Bona \ but the Winds hanging out of the Way, 
croffed their Purpofe, and brought them to Cape 
LofcTi^ where I fiiall leave them for their approach- 
ing Fate, and relate fome further Particulars of 
his Majefly's Ship the Swallow^ viz. where it was 
ihe had fpent her Time, during the Mifchief that 
was done, and by what Means unable to prevent it •, 
what alfo was the Intelligence fhe received, and the 
Meafures thereon formed, that at laft brought two 
fuch Strangers as Mr Roberts and Capt. Ogle^ to meet 
in io remote a Corner o\ the World. 

The Swallow arid Weymouth left Slerraleon^ May 28, 
where, 1 have already taken Notice, Roberts arrived 
sbout a Month after, and doubt lefs learn'd the 
Intent of their Voyage, and cleaning on the Coaft ; 
which made him fet down with more Security to 
his Diverfion, and furniih him with fuch Intima- 
tions, as made his firft Range down the Coaft in 
^ug2i(l following, more profperous •, the Swallow 
end iVeymouth be'ng then at the Port of Trinces a 

Their Stay at Trinces was from July 28 to Seft, 20^ 
1 72 1, where, by a Fatality, common to the Ir- 
regularities of Seamen, (who cannot in llich Cafes 
be kept under due Reftraints,) they buried 100 
l^len in three Weeks t^'me, and reduced the Re- 
mainder of the Ships Companies into fo fickly a 
^tate, chat it was with Difficulty they brought 
them to fail ; and this Misfortune was probably 
the Ruin of Roberts^ for it prevented the Men of 
War^s going back to SlerraJeon^ as it was intended, 
there being a NeceiTity of leaving his Majefty's 
^h\^ Wevrr^outh (}n rpuch the worfe Condition of 
fhe r")Vo) under the Guns of Cape Corfo^ to imprefs' 
^iep/being unable at tl^is Tiiri3, either to hand 
"•■"'^ " ^ ■ the 

Capu Bartho. Roberts. 26^ 

the Sails, or weigh her Anchor •, and Roberts being 
ignorant of the Occafion or Alteration of the 
firft Defign, fell into the Mouth of Danger, when 
he thought himfelf the fartheft from it-, for the 
Men of War not endeavouring to attain further to 
Windward (when they came from Pr/wff j) then to 
fecure Cape Corfo Road under their Lee, they lucki- 
ly hovered in the Track he had took. 

Hie Swallow and Weymouth fell in with the Con- 
tinent at Cape AfVolhnia^ Ocio. 20th, and therie re- 
ceived the ungrateful News from one Captain Bird ^ 
a Notice that awaken'd and put them on their 
Guard ^ but they were far from expecting any Te- 
merity fhould ever bring him a fecond Time on the 
Coaft, while they were there \ th'erefore the Swd- 
low having (een the Weymouth into Cape Corfo Road 
Nov. loth, (he ply'd to Windward as frr as Baffam, 
rather as an Airing to recover a iickly Ship's Com- 
pmy, and fhew herfelf to the Trade, whi'h was. 
tound every where undifturb'd, and were, for that 
Reafon, returning to her Confort, when accident- 
ly meeting a Tortnguefe Ship, ilie told her, that the 
Day before ihe law two Ships Chace into Jz/w.f, 
an English Vellel, which (he believed muft have 
fallen into their Hands. On this Story, the Swal- 
low clung her Wind, and endeavoured to gain that 
Place, but receiving fooa after (OElo. the 14th) a 
contrary Report from Captain Flummery an intel- - 
ligent Man, in the Jafon of Brifiol, who h-^d come 
further to Windward, and neither favv or heard 
any Thing of this •, (he turned her Head down the 
fecond Time, anchored at Cape y^p/?o/^m^. the 23dj 
at Cape Tres Tuntas the 27th, and in Corfo Road ' 
January the 7 th, 1 7 2 1 - 2 . 

They learned that their Confort xh^ Wey^ 
mouthy was, by the Afliftance of fome Soldiers from 
the Caftle, gone to Windward, to demand Retti- ■ 
flution ot (bme Goods or Men belonging to the 

R 4 ^fnca^ 

^64 (^^P^^ hAlRTtlO. 'ko^EI^'PS. 

jifric^n Company, that were illegally detained by 
the Dutch ac Des Minas \ and while they were re-» 
gretting fo long a Separation, an Exprefs came 
to General Thipy from Jxim^ the pth, and followed 
by another from Dlxcove, Can Engli^o Factory,) with 
Information that three Ships had chafed and taken 
ii Galley nigh Jxim Caftle, and a trading Boat 
beionghig to the Company : No doubt was made^ 
fcdncerning what they were, it being taken for 
granted they were Pyrate?, and fuppofed to be the 
iame that had the Augufl; before infef^ed the Coaft. 
The natural Refuk therefore, from thefe two Ad- 
vices, waj?, to haften for Whydah ^ for it was con- 
t:lued the Prizes they had taken, had informed them 
how nigh the Swallow Was, and withal, how much 
better in Health than Ihe had been for fome 
Months paft ; fo that unlefs they were very mad 
indeed^ they would (after being difcoveredj make 
the beft of their Way for Whydah^ and fecure the 
Booty there, without which, their Time and In- 
dufiiry had been entirely loft j moft of ihQ Gold 
lying in that Corner. 

The Swallow weighed froin Cape-Corfo, January the 
loth, but was retarded by waiting fome Hours on 
the Margaret^ a Cpmpany's Ship, at Accra^ again? 
on the Portugal y ^nd a whole Day at Apcr^gj on a 
iPerfon they ufed toftile Mifs Betty : A Condud thae 
Mr* phtps blaniedi when he heard the Pyrates were 
tViifsM at Whydah^ altho' he ha4 given it as^ his 
Ojpinion^ they could not be paifed by, and inti- 
l^atedj that to ftay a few Hours would prove no 
? re j -J dice. 

This, however, hinder'd the Swallow's catching 
thehi at Whydah^ for the Pyrates ciime into thac 
Road, with a frefh Gale ot Wind, the fame Day 
thie Stidow was at Afong^ and fail'd the 13th of 
^^mdry front thence, that (he arrived the 17th. 
t»he gali^ Notice of them by a Frcfjvh Shallop 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 2^5 

from Grand Papa^ the t4th at Night, and from 
Little Papa next Morning by a Dutch Ship ; fo that 
the Man of War was on all Sides, as fhe thought, 
fure ot her Purchafe, particularly when ihe made 
the Ships, and dilcovered three of them to get 
under Sail immediately at Sight of her, making 
Signals to one another, as tho' they defigned a 
Defence ^ but they were found to be three Fretich 
Ships •, and thofe at Anchor, Portnguefe and EngUjhy 
all honeft Traders, who had been ranfack'd and 

This Difappointment chagreen'd the Ship's Com- 
pany, who were very intent upon their Market ; 
which was reported to be an Arm-Chefl: full of 
Gold, and kept with three Keys ^ tho' in all likly- 
hood, had they met with them in that open Road, 
one or both would have made their Eicapes ; or 
if they had thought fit to have fought, an Emu- 
lation in their Defence would probably have made 
it defperate. 

. While they were contemplating on the Matter, 
a Letter was received from Mr. Baldwin j (Gover- 
nor here for the Company,) fignifying, that the 
Py rates were at Jaquin^ feven Leagues loiver. The 
Swallow weighed at two next Morning, January the 
16th, and got to Jac^uin by Day-Light, but to no 
other End, than frightening the Crews of two 
Tortuguefe Ships on Shore, who took her for the 
Pyrate that ifiad ftruck fuch Terror at Whydah: 
She returned therefore that Night, and having 
been ftrengthened with thirty Voluntiers, EngUfly 
and French, the diicarded Crews of the Porcupincy 
and the French Ship they had carried from hence, 
fhe put to Sea again 7^;7z^^ry the 19th, conjefturing, 
that either Calabar, Princes, the River Gabonty 
Cape Lopez,, or Annabona, muft be touched at for 
Water and Refrefhment, tho' they iliould refolve 
to leave the Coaft. As to the former of thofe 


266 Capu Ba-rtho. Roberts. 

Places, I have before obferved, it was hazardous 
tx> think of, or rather inipraO:icabie •, Trmces had- 
been a fower Grape to them, but being the firft 
in the Way, flie came before the Harbour the 
29th, where learning no Kews, without loofing 
Time, fteered tor the River Gahom^ and anchored' 
at the Mouth of ic F<?^rz/^ry the ift. 

Th"s River is navigable by two Channels, arid^ 
has an Ifland about five Leagues lip; called Popaguays 
or ParrotSj where the Dutch Cruifers, for tliis CoaiV, 
generally Clean, and where lometlmes Py rates' 
come in to look tor Prey, or to Refit, it being very 
convenient, by Reafbn of a lb t Mud about' it,' 
that' ^adm'ts at Ship's lying on Shore, with all her 
Guns and Stores in, without Damage. Hither' 
Captain 0^/(? lent his Boat and a Lieutenant, who 
^ke with a Dutch Ship, above the Ifland, from 
whom he had this Account, v/z,. That he had been 
Ibur Days from Cape Lopez^y and had left no Ship 
there. However, they beat up for the Cape, with- 
out regard to this Story, and on the 5th, at Dawn- 
ing, was furprized with the Noife of a Gun, which, 
as the Day brightened, they found was from Cape 
Lopez. Bay, where they difcovered three Ships at 
Anchor, the largeft with the King's Colours and 
Pendant flying, which was foon after concluded to 
be Mr. Roberts and his Conforts -^ but the Swallow 
being to Windward, and unexpeftedly deep in 
the Bay, w:s obliged to Steer off^ for avoiding a 
Sand, called the French Mans Bank, which the Py- 
rates obferved for f.)me Time, and raihly inter- 
preting it to be Fear in her, righted the French Rivi- 
ger^ which was then on the Heel, and ordered her 
to chafe out in all haft, bending feveral of their 
Sails in the Purfuit. The Man of War finding 
they had foolillily mlftaken her Deflgn, humoured 
the Deceit, and kept off to Sea, as if Ihe had b^en 
really afi'uid, and ^ managed her Steerage ^o^ 
: .. - under 

Capt. Bart HO. Roberts. 76 j 

under the Direftion of Lieutenant Su?7, an experi- 
enced Officer, as to let the Ranger come up with 
her, when they thought they had got fo far as not 
to have their Guns heard by her Confort at the 
Cape. The Py rates had fuch an Opinion o:" their 
own Courage, that they could never dream any 
Body would ufe a Stratagem to fpeak with them, 
and fo was the more eafily drawn into the Snare. 

The Pyrates now drew nigh enough to fire their 
Chafe Guns-, they hoifted the black Flag that was 
worn in Whydah Road, and got their. Spritfail.Yard 
along-fhip?, with Intent to board ^ no one having 
ever asked, all this while, what Country Sh'p they 
t3::)k the Chafe to be*, th^y would have her to be 
a Portuguefe^ (Sugar being then a Commodity among 
them,) and were fwearing every Minute at the 
Wind or Sails to expedite fo iweet a Chafe ^ but, 
alafs, all turned four in an Inftant : It was with 
the utmofi: Confter nation they faw her fudden^ 
Jy bring to, and hawl up her lower Ports, now with- 
in PiftoKihot, and (Iruck their black Flag upon it 
diredly. After the firfl: Surprize was over, they 
kept firing at a Diilance, hoifted it again, and va- 
poured with their Cutlaihes on the Poop; tho' 
wifely endeavouring at the fame Time to get away. 
Being now at their Wits end, boarding was pro- 
pofed by the Heads of them, and {o to make one 
defpeiate Pufh ; but the Motion not being well fe- 
conded, and their Main-Top- Mafl coming down by 
a Shot, after two Hours firing, it was declin'd ^ 
they grew Sick, ftruck their Colours, and called 
out for Quarters; having had lo Men killed out 
right, and 20 wounded, without the lofs or hurt 
of one of the King's Men. She had 32 Gims, 
mann'd with \6 French Men, 20 Negroes, and 77 
Engl'flj. The Colours were thrown over board, 
that they might not rife in Judgment, nor be dif- 
play'd in Tryumph over them. 


26S Capt. Sartho. Roberts. 

While the Swallow was fending their Boat to 
iktch the Prifonersj a Blaft and Smoak was feeii 
to pour Out of the great Cabin, and they thought 
they were blowing up *, but upon enquiry after- 
wards, found that half a dozen of the moft Delpe- 
rate, when they faw all Hopes fled, had drawn 
themfelves round what Powder they had left in the 
Steerage, and fired a Piftol into it, but it was too 
finall a Quantity to effect any Thing more, than 
burning them in a frightful Manner. 

This Ship was commanded by ouq Skyrme^ a 
Welch Man, who, tho' he had loft his Leg in the 
A£i:ioii, would not fuffer himfelf to be drelled, or 
carried off the Deck-, but, like IVidrwgtony fouglit 
upon his Stump* The reft appeared gay and brisk, 
inoft of them with white Shirts, Watches, and a 
deal of Silk Vefts, but the Gold*Duft belonging to 
them, v*^s moft of it left in the Little Ranger m 
the Bay, (this Company's proper Ship,) with the 
Royal Fortune. 

I cannot but take ^lotice of two among the 
Crowd, of thofe disfigured from the Blaft of Pow^ 
3er juft before mentioned, viz,. William Main and 
$.cgcf BalL An Officer of the Ship feeing a Silver 
Call hang at the Waft of the former, laid to him, 
t ^yifum^ you are Boat [wain of this Ship. Then you fre^ 
fume Wrongs anfwered he, for 1 am Boat fw an of the 
Royal Fortune, Cayain Roberts Commander. Then 
Mr. Boatfvvain you will he hanged I believe ^ replies 
the Officer, ^hat is as your Honour pleafesy anfwered 
ha again, and was for turning away : But the Of- 
ficer deiired to know of hnn, how the Powder, 
which had made them in that Condition, came to 
take Fire. - — By G"— ^ Inys he, they are all mad and 
hivifch^dy for I have lofi a good Hat by it. (the Hat and 
he beiiig both blown out of the Cabin Gallery, 
into the Sea.) But what fgnifies a Hat Friend, fays 

the OfHcer. Nof much anfwer'd lie, the Men 


Capt. Baft HO. Roberts. 2^9 

being bufy in ftripping him of his Shoas and Stoc- 
kings.- The Officer then enquired of him, whe- 
ther Roberts's Company were as likeiy Fellows as 
thefe. '--^ There are izoof them, (anfwered he) 4/ 
clever Feiloxps as ever trod Shoe Leather : Would I were 

with them ! No doubt on't^ fays the Officer. --— 

By G — - it is naked Truth, aufwered he, looking 
down and feeing himfeif, by this Time, quite 

The Officer then approached Roger Bally whd 
wasfeatedin a private Corner, with a Look as fuU 
len as Winter, and asked him, how he came blown 
up in that frightful Manner. — * JVhy^ fays he, 
John Morris fred a Fiftol into the Powder^ and if he 
had not done it, I would, (bearing his Pain without the 
leaft Complaint.^ The Officer gave him to under* 
ftand he was Surgeon, and if he defired it, he 
would drefs him ^ but he fwore it ihould not he 
done, and that if any Thing was applied to him, 
he would tear it off.— Neverthelefs the Surgeon had 
good Nature enough to drefs him, tho' with much 
trouble : At Kight he was in a kind of VeUrium^ 
and raved on the Bravery o^ Roberts, laying, ha 
ihould fhortly be releafed, as foon as they ftould 
meet him, which procured him a lafhing down upon 
the Forecaftle, which he refifting with all his 
Force, cauled him to be uled with the more Vio- 
flence, fo that he was tied down with fo much 
Severity, that his Flefh bemg fore and tender 
with the blowing up> he died nes^c Pay of a Mor* 

They fecured the Prifbners with Pinion?^ and 
Shackles, but the Ship was fo much difabled in the 
Engagement, that they had once Thoughts to let 
her on Fire ; but this would have givcn'them the 
Trouble of taking the Pyrates wounded Men on 
Board themfelves, and that they were certain the 
Bq)'4 Brtunp would wait for their Confort's Return^ 


270 Capt. B ART HO. Roberts. 

they lay by her two Days, repaired her Rigging and 
other Damages, and fent her into Vrinces^ with the 
French Men, and four of their own Hands. 

On the 9th in the Evening, the Swallow gained the 
Cape again, and (aw the Royal Fortune ftanding into 
the Bay with the Neftune^ Captain /////, o^ London: A 
good Prefage of the next Day's Succefs, for they did 
not doubt but the Temptation of Liquor, and Plun- 
der, they might find in this their new Prize, would 
make the Pyrates very confufed^ and fb it hap- 

On the icth, in the Morning, thq Man of War 
bore away to round the Cape. Rohens^s Grew d^'f^' 
cerning their Mails over the Land, went down 
into the Cabin, to acquaint him of it, he being 
then at Breakfaft with his new Gueft, Captain 
Hill, on a favory Diih of Solomongundy, and fbme 
of his own Beer. He took no Notice of it, and 
his Men almoft as little, fbme faying {he was a For- 
tvguefe Sliip, others a French Slave Ship^ but the 
major Part fwore it was the French Ranger return- 
ing, and were merrily debating for Ibme Time, 
on the Manner of Reception, whether they ihou Id 
falure, or not *, but as the Swallow approached 
nigher, Things appeared plainer, and though they 
were ftigmatizM with the Name of Cowards, vvha 
fliewed any Apprehenfion of Danger, yet Ibme of 
them, now undeceive<l, declared it to Roberts, Q- 
fpecially oae Armflrong, who had deferred from that 
Ship, and knew her well : Thofe Roberts fwore at as 
Cowardf7, who meant to difhearten the Men, asking- 
them if it were fo, whether they were afraid to 
fight, or no ? And hardly refrained from Blows. 
What his own Apprehenfions were, till fhs haw- 
led up her Ports, and hoifted their proper Colours, 
is uncertain ; but then being per^edly convinced, 
he flapped his Cable, got under Sail, and ordered 
his Men to Arms, without any fhew of Timidity^ 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 271 

dropping a fir ft Rate Oath, that it was a Bite^ but, at 
the lame Time, refolved, like a gallant Rogue, to 
get clear, or die. 

There was one Armflrong^ as I juft mentionM,^ a 
Delerter from the Swallow^ whom they enquired of 
concerning the Trim and Sailing of that Ship-, he 
told them ine fail'd beft upon a Wind, and there- 
fore, if they defigntidto leave her, they Ihould go 
before it. - . ^ 

/The Danger was. imminent, and Time very fliort, 
to confult Oi M(?ans to extricate himlelf ^ his Relb- 
lution in this St r eight, was as follows: To pafs 
'clofe to the Sxvallowy with alj their Sails, and re- 
ceive her Broadfide, before they returned a Shot ^ 
if difabled by this, or that they could not depend 
on (ailing, then to run on Shore at the Point, 
(which is fteep to) and every ore to fhitt for hi m- 
felf among the Kegroes ^ or failing in thefe, to 
board, and blow up together, for he faw thatthe 
greateft Part of his Men were drunk, pailively Cou- 
ragious, unfit for Service. 

Roberts himfelf made a gallant Figure, at the 
Time of the Engagement, being dreifed in a rich 
crimfon Damask VVaftcoat and Breeches, a red Fea- 
ther in his Hat, a Gold Chain round his Neck, with 
a Diamond Crols hanging to it, a Sword in his Hand, 
and two Pair of Piftols hanging at the End of a Silk 
Sling, flung over his Shoulders (according to the Fa- 
iliion of the Py rates •, ) and is faid to have given his 
Orders with Boldnefs, and Spirit^ coming, accord7 
'ing to what he had purpofed, clofe to the Man of 
War, received her Fire, and then hoifted his Black 
Flag, and returned it, fhootiag away from' her, 
with all the Sail he could pack •, and had he took 
Armflrong's AHvice, to have gone before the Wind, 
he had prgbably efcape.d -^ but keeping his Tacks 
down, either by the Winds ihifting,\or ill SteeYage, 
jor both, he was taken a- back with his Sails, aiid. the 


2/2 Capu Bart HO. Roberts. 

Swallow came a lecond Time very nigh to him : He 
had now perhaps finifhed the Fight very defperate* 
\Yj if Death, who took a fwift PafTage in a Grape- 
Shot, had not interpofed, and ftruck him diredly 
on the Throat. He fettled himfelf on the Tackles 
of a Gun, which one Stefhenforiy from the Helm, ob- 
lerving, ran to his AHiftance, and not perceiving 
him wounded, fwore at him, and bid him ftand up, 
and fight like a Man •, but when he found his Mi- 
flake, and that his Captain was certainly dead, he 
guihed into Tears, and wifhed the next Shot might 
be his Lot. They prefently threw him over-board, 
with his Arms and Ornaments on, according to the 
repealed Requeft he made in his Life-time. 

Roberts was a tall black Man, near forty Years of 
Age, born at Newey-bagh^ nigh Haver ford-Weft^ m 
Pembrokjhirfy of good natural Parts, and perfonal 
Bravery, tho' he applied them to fuch wicked Pur-» 
jpofes, as made them ot no Commendation, frequent- 
iy drinking J) ' ■;? to him who ever lived to wear a 
Halter, He was forced himfelf at firfl: among this 
Company out of the Trince^ Captain Tlumb at j4m- 
tnaboe^ about three Years before, where he ferved as 
fecond Mate, and Ihed, as he usM to tell the frefh 
Men^ as many Crocodile Tears then as they dia 
now, but Time and good Company had wore it olT. 
He could not plead Want of Employment, nor 
Incapacity of getting his Bread in an honeft way, 
to favour ^o vile a Change, nor w^s he fo much a 
Coward as to pretend it ; but frankly own'd, it was 
to get rid of the difagreeable Superiority of fome 
Mafters he was acquainted xvith, and the Love of 
Kovelty and Change, Maritime Peregrinations had 
accuftom'd him to. In an honeft Service^ fays he, there 
is thin Commons^ low Wages^ And hard Labour \ in this^ 
Tlenty and Satiety^ Pleafure and Eafe^ Liberty and Pow" 
f r ♦, and who would not bdlance Creditor on this Sidty 
when all the Haz^ardtbat is run for it^ at wo^-fl^ is only ^ 


Capt. BATtTHO. Roberts. 273 

four Look or two at choaking. No^ A merry Life and 
a ihort one, jhall he my Motto. Thus he preachM 
hmifelfinto an Approbation of what he at firft ab-» 
horr'd; and being daily regal'd with Mufick, Drinks 
ing, and the Gaiety and Diverfions of his Coippa- 
nions , thefe deprav'd Propei]fities were quickly 
edg'd and ftrengthen'd, to the extinguilhing of Fear 
and Confcience. Yet among all the vile and igno- 
minious Afts he had perpetrated, he is faid to have 
had an Averfion towards forcing Men into that Ser- 
vice, and had procured fome their Difcharge, not« 
withftanding fo many made it their Plea. 

When Roberts was gone, as tho' he had been the 
Life and Soul of the Gang, their Spirits funk ; 
map.y deferred their Quarters, and all ftupidly neg- 
lected any Means for Defence, or Efcape ^ and their 
Main-maft foon after being (hot by the Board,they had 
no Way left, but to furrender and call for Quar- 
ters. The Swallow kept aloof^ while her Boat pa A 
fed, and repaifed for the Prifbners •, becaufe the/ 
under flood they were under an Oath to blow up ; 
and fome df the Defperadoes fhewed a Willingnels 
that Way, Matches being lighted, and ScuiBes hap- 
pening between thofe who would^ and thofe who 
oppofed it : But I cannot eafiiy account for this 
Humour, which can be term'd no more than a 
falfe Courage, fnice any of them h^d Power to de- 
ftroy his own Life, either by Piflol, or Drowning^ 
without involving others in the lame Fate, who 
are in no Temper of Mind for it : And at beft, id 
had been only dying, for fear df Death. 

She had 40 Gun^j and i ^7 Men^ 45 whereof \Ver^ 
Kegrdes *, three only were killed in the Aftion^j 
without any Lofs to the Swallow. There was fdund 
upwards of 2000/. in Gold^-Duft in her. The Flag 
could not be got eafiiy from under the fallen Maii-jj 
and was therefore recover'd by the Swaliorp ^ it had 
the Figure of a Skeleton in it^ and a Man pourtray'Vi 

274 C^P^^* Bartho. Roberts. 

with a flaming Sword in his Hand, intimating a De- 
fyance of Death it lelf. 

The Swallow returned back into Cape Lopez Bay, 
and found the little Kanger^ whom the Pyrates had 
deferted in haft, for the better Defence of the Ship : 
She had been plunder'd, according to what I could 
learn, of 2000 1. in Gold-Duft, (the Shares of thofe 
Pyrates who belonged to her •, ) and Captain Hilly 
in the Nepnne^ not unjuftly fuipefted, for he would 
not wait the Man of ^A^ar's returning into the Bay 
again, but lail'd away immediately, making no 
Sdruple afterwards to own the Seizure of other 
Goods out of her, and furrender'd, as a Confirma- 
tion of all, 50 Ounces 2it Barhadoesy for which, fee 
the Article at the End of this Book. 0"l^ 

AllPerfons who after the igth (TfSeptem.-i-^^ej &c. 

To fum up the whole, if it be confidered, firft, 
that the lickly State of the Men of War, when they 
laird from Trinces^ was the Misfortune that hin- 
dered their being as far as Sierraleortj and confe- 
quently out of the Track the Pyrates then took. 
That thofe Pyrates, directly contrary to their De- 
fign, in the fecond Expedition, fhould get above 
Cape Corfoy and that nigh Axintj a Chace fhould of- 
fer, that inevitably muft difcover them, and be loon 
communicated to the Men of War. That the fati- 
ating their evil and malicious Tempers at IVhydahy 
in burning the Porcupine^ and running off with the 
Fref7ch Ship, had ftrengthened the Swallow with 30 
Men. That the Swallow fhould mifs them in that 
Road, where probably fhe had not, or at leaft fb ef- 
feflrually obtained her End. That they fhould be 
fo far infatuated at Cape Lopez.^ as to divide their 
Strength, which when colleded, might have been 
.fo formidable. And laftly, that the Conqueft fhould 
be without Bloodfhed : I fay, confidering all thefe 
Circumftances, it fhews that the Hand of Provi- 
dence was concerned in their DeftruStion. 

^ As 

Qipu Bartho, Roberts^ 275 

As to their Behaviour after they were taken, it 
tvas found that they had great Inciinations to rebel, 
if they could have laid hold of any Opportunity. 
For they were very uneafy under Reftramt, having 
been lately all Commanders themfelves ^ nor could 
they brook their Diet, or QuarterSj without curfuig 
and fwearing) and upbraiding each other, with the 
Folly that had brought them to it. 

So that to fec^ure themfelves againii any itiad def^ 
perate Undertaking of theirs, they ftrongly bar- 
ricado'd the Gun-Room, and made another Prilbii 
before it •, an OfHcer, with Piftols and Cutlafhes, 
doiiig Duty, Kieht and Day, and the Prifonera 
withiu) manacled and fhackled. 

They r/ould yet in thefe Circurriftances be im* 
pudencly merry, fliying, when they viewed theiif 
Kakednefs, that they had not left them a halfpem/yy ta 
give old Charon, to ferry them over Stix : And at their 
thin Commons, they would obferve, that they fell 
away fo faft, that they fhould not have We^ighc 
left to hang them. Sutton ufed to be very pro- 
phane ^ he happening to be in the fame Irons with 
another Prifoner, who was more ferious than ordi- 
nary, and read and pray'd often, as became his 
Condition ; this Man Sutton ufed to fwear at, and 
ask him, rtihat he ^ropofed by fo much Noife a7id De^ 
"votion ? Heaven^ lays the other, I hope. Heaven^ ynu 
Fool J fiys Sutton^ did you ever hear of any Ty rates going 

thither ? Give me H //, it^ s a merrier Tlace : I II give 

Roberts a Salute of 13 Guns at Entrance. And when 
he found fuch ludicrous ExprelTions had no Eife^fc 
on him, he made a formal Complaint, and requeued 
that the OfHcer would either remove this Man, or 
take his Prayer-Book away, as a common Difl:urber* 

A Combination and Conlpiracy was formed, be- 
twixt Aioody^ JJl:planty Magnes^ Mare.^ and others, 
to rife, and kill the Oificers, and run away with 
the Ship. This they had carried on by Means of 

S 2, a Mu- 

syS Cdpu Bartho. Roberts. 

a Mulatto Boy, who was allowM to attend them, 
and proved very trafty in his MelTages, between 
the Principals-^ but the Evening of that Night 
they were to have made this Struggle, two of the 
Prlibners that fat next to JjJiplam, heard the Boy 
whiCper them upon the Projeft, and naming to him 
the Hour they fliould be ready, prefently gave 
Kotice of it to the Captain, which put the Ship 
in an Alarm, for a little Time •, and, on Examina- 
tion, (everal of them had made ihift to break off, 
or lofe, their Shackles, (no doubt for fuch Purpofe •,) 
but it tended only to procure to themfelves worfe 
Uiage and Confinement. 

In the fame Paifage to Cape Corfo, the Prize, 
Royal Fortune, was in the fame Danger. She was , 
left at the Ifland of St. Thomas's^ in the PofTeifion 
of an Officer, and a few Men, to take in fome 
frefh Provifions, (which were fcarce at Cape Or/o) 
with Orders to follow the Ship. There were only 
fom^ ofthePyrates Negroes, three or four wound- 
ed Prifoners, and Scudamore^ their Surgeon -^ from 
whom they feemed to be under no Appreheniion, 
efpecially from the lafl, who might have hoped for 
Favour, on Account of his Employ •, and had flood 
{o much indebted for his Liberty, eating ard drink- 
ins: conftantly with the Officer •, yet this Fellow, 
re({ardlefs of the Favour, and loft to all Senfe of 
Reformation, endeavoured to bring over the Ne- 
groes to his Defign of murdering the People, and 
running away with the Ship. He eafily prevailed 
with the Negroes to come into the Defign -^ but 
when he came to communicate it to his Fellow Pri-* 
foners, and would have drawn them into the fame 
Meafures, by telling them, he underflood Naviga- 
tion, that the Negroes were ftout Fellows, and by 
a Smattering he had in the Angolan Language, he 
had found willing to undertake fuch an Enterprize ; 
and that it was" better venturing to do this, run 


Capu Bartho. Robejrts. 277 

down the Coaft, and raife a new Company, tKan 
to proceed to Cape Corfoj and be hanged like a Dog, 
and Sun dry'd. One of them abhorring the Cruel- 
ty, or fearing the Succefs, diTcovered it to the Of- 
ficer, who made him immediately a Prifbner, and 
brought the Ship iafe. 

When they came to be lodgM in Cape Corfo-Caflle^ 
their Hopes of this kind all cut off, and that they 
were afTured they muft there foon receive a final 
Sentence ♦, the Note was changed among mofi: of 
them, and from vain infolent jefting, they became 
ferious and devout, begging for good Books, and 
joyning in publick Prayers, and finging of PfaJms, 
twice at leail: every Day. 

As to their Tryals, if we fliould give them at 
length, it may appear tedious to the Reader, for 
which Reaibn, I have, for the avoiding Tautology 
and Repetition, put as many of them together as 
were try'd for the fime Fa£t, referving the Cir- 
cum fiances which are mofi: material, with Obfer- 
vations on the dying Behaviour of fuch of them, as 
came to my Knowledge. 

And firft, it may be obferved from the Lift, that 
a great Part of thefe Pyrate Ships Crews, were Men 
entered on the Coa/l of Africa^ not many Months 
before they were taken •, from whence, it may be 
concluded, that the pretended Conflraint of Roberts, 
on them, was very often a Complotment between 
Part'es equally willing : And this Roberts feveral 
Times openly declared, particularly to the Onflow's 
People, whom he called aft, and ask'd of them, who 
was voUling to go^ for he would force no Body ? hs was 
depofed, by fome of his befl: Hands, after Acquit- 
tal •, nor is it reafbnable to think, he iliould reje£l 
Irlfli Voluntlers, only from a Pique againil: Kemiedy, 
and force others, that might hazard, and, in Time, 
deftroy his Government : But their Behaviour foon 
put him out of this Fear, and couvinc'd him, that 

S 3 the 

273 Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

the Plea of Force was only the beft Artifice they 
had to ihelter them {elves under, in Cafe they 
fhould be taken ^ and that they were Ijcfs Rogues 
than others, only in Point of Time. 

It may likewife be taken Kotice of, that the 
Country, wherein they happened to be tried, is 
among other HappinelTes, exempted from Lawr 
yers, and Law-Books, fo that the Office ot Regi- 
fter, of neceility fell on one, not verfed in thoffe 
Affairs, which might juftify the Court in want of 
Form, more effentially fupply'd with Integrity 
and Impartiality. 

But, perhaps, if there was lefs Law, there might 
be more Juftice, than in ibme other Courts ^ for, 
if the civil Law be a Law of univerfal Reafon^ 
judging of the Reditude, or Obliquity of Mens 
Actions, every Man of common Senfe is endued 
with a Portion of it, at leaft fufficient to make him 
diflinguifh Right from Wrong, or what the Civili^i 
ans call, A'fahim in fe. 

Therefore, here, if two Perfons were equally 
Guilty of the fame Faft, there was no conviding 
one, and bringing the other off, by any Quirk, or 
turn of Law ; for they form'd their Judgments 
upon the Conftraint, or Willingnefs, the Aim, and 
Intention of the Parties, and all other Circumftan- 
ces, which make a material Difference. Befides, 
in Crimes of this Nature, Men bred up to the Sea, 
muft be more knowing, and much abler, than 
others more learned in the Law •, for, before a Man 
can have a right Idea of a Thing, he muft know 
the Terns {landing for that Thing i The Sea- 
Terms being a Language by it felf, which no Law- 
yer can be fuppofed to uiiderftand , he muft of 
Gonf^quence want that difcriminating Faculty, 
which fhould direft him to judge right of the Fafts 
meant by thole Terms? 


Ci:pt. Bart HO. Roberts. 279 

The 'Court well knew, it was not poilible to get 
the Evidence of every Sufferer by this Crew, and 
therefore, firft of all, confidered how that Deficien- 
cy fhould be lupplied ^ whether, or no, they could 
pardon one Jo, Dennis^ who had early offered him- 
felf, as King's Evidence, and was the beft read in 
their Lives and Converfations : Here indeed, they 
were at a Lofs for Law, and concluded in the Ne- 
gative, becaule it look'd like compounding with a 
Man to fwear falfly, lofmg by it, thofe great Helps 
he could have afforded. 

Another great Difficulty in their Proceedings, 
wa?, how to underftand thofe Words in the Aft of 
Parliament, of, particularly fpecifying in the Charge , the 
Circumftances of Time^ Place^ &c. i, to under ft and 
them, as to be able to hold a Court *, for if they 
had been indifted on particular Robberies, the Evi- 
dence had happened moftly from the Royal African 
Company's Ships, on which thefe Gentlemen of 
Cape-Corfo'Cafiley were not qualify'd to fit, their Oath 
running, Tloat they have no Intereff direBly^ or indi^ 
reBly^ in the Ship, or Goods, for the Robbery of which^ 
the Party ftands accufed : And this they thought they 
had, Commiilions being paid them, on fuch Goods : 
And on the other Side, if they were incapacitated, 
no Court could be formed, the Commiffion abfblute- 
Jy requiring three of them by Name. 

To reconcile all Things, therefore, the Court 
refolved, to bottom the whole of their Proceedings 
on the Srvaflow^s Depofitions, which were clear and 
plain, and had the Circumftance ot Time when. 
Place where, Manner how, and the like, particu- 
larly Ipeciiied according to the Statute in that Cafe 
made, and provided. But this admitted only a ge- 
neral Intimation of Robbery in the Indiftment, 
therefore to approve their Clemency, it looking Arbi- 
trary 0:1 the i.ives of Men, to lump them to the 
Gallows, in fuch a fummary Way as muft have 

S 4 been 

28o Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

been done, had they folely adhered to the Swallom^s 
Charge, they refolved to come to particular Tryals,^ 
Secondly, That the Trifoners might not be ignorant 
whereon to anfwer^ and fo have all fair Advantages, 
to exciife and defend themfelves ; the Court far^ 
ther agreed with Juftice and Equanimity, to hear 
any Evidence that could be brought, to weaken or 
corroborate the three Circumftances that compleat 
a Pyrate *, firft, being a Voluntier amongft them at 
the Beginning :, fecondly, being a Voluntier at the 
taking or robbing of any Ship *, or iaftly, volunta- 
rily accepting a Share in the Booty otthofe that 
did \ for by a Parity of Realbn, where thefe AO:ions 
were of their own difpofnig, and yet committed~ by 
them, it mull: be believed their Hearts and Hands 
joyned together, in what they afted againfl his Ma-^ 
j city's Ship the Swallow^ 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts. iBi 
The Tryals of theVYKATESy 

Taken hy his Maje/l/s Ship the Swallow, begim 
at Cape Corfo-Caftle, on the Coaji of Africa, 
March the 2Sthy \']2i. 

THE CommllTion impowered any three named 
therein, to call to their AHiftance, llich a 
Number of qualified Perfons as might make the 
Court always confift of feven : And accordingly 
Summons were figned to Lieut. 'Jo. Barnfley^ Lieut. 
Ch. Far/Jhaw, Capt. Samuel Hartfeafe^ and Capt. IVll" 
Ham Menzjes^ viz.* 

* T> Y Virtue of a Power and Authority, to tis 
' J3 given, by a CommiHion from the King, un- 

* der the Seal of Admiralty, You are hereby re- 
' quired to attend, and make one of the Court, for the 

* trying and adjudging of the Pyrates, lately taken 

* on thisCoaft, by his Majefty's Ship the 5WW. 

Given under our Hands this iStli oi March ^ 
I -J 22^ ^tC^^e Corfo'CaftU* 
Mungo Heardmarij j Francis Boy^ 
James Phips^ I Edward Hide. 

Henry Dodfon^ \ 

The Commiilioners being met in the Hall of the 
Caftle, the Commiilion was firft read, after which, 
the Prefident, and then the other Members, took 
the Oath, prescribed in the A8: of Parliament, and 
having directed the Form of that for WitnefTes, as 
follows, the Coi4rt was opened, 

I, ji. B. 

282 Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

I, A. B. folemnly promlfe and [wear on the Holy Evan* 
geliBsy to hear true and faithful Witnefs between the 
Kmg And Prlfonery or Prifonersy in Relation to the Rally or 
EaClsy of Pyracy and Robbery y he or they do now ftand ac^ 
cufed of So help me God. 

The Court confifted of 

Captain Mungo Heardmany Prefident. 
James Phips, Efq-^ General Mr. Edward Hyde, Seere- 

of the Coafiy tary to the Com f any. 

Mr\ H. Dodfon, ? Mer. Lieut. John Barnfley, 
Mr. F. Boye, S* Lieut. Ch. Fanftiaw. 

The following Prifbners, out of the Pyrate Ship 
Ranger y having been commanded before them, the 
Charge, or Indiftment, was exhibited. 


Mens Karnes. 
^ "James Shyrm 

* Rich, Hardy 

* Wrn. Main 

* Henry Dennis 
^ VaU jpjpUnt 
^ Rob. Birdfon 
^ Rich. Harris 
^ D. Littlejohn 
^ Thomas Hoxv 
•|- Her. Hunkins 
^ Huzh Harris 
^ W.Alachntofi 
Jloomas Wills 

•t- John Wilden 
^ Ja. Greenham 
^ John Jaynfon 
4 Chri* Lang 

loners taken in the Ranker. 

Ships from 
Greyhound Sloop 
Pyrate with Davis 
Brigantine Capt. Peet 

Time when.' 

O^. 1720 


June 1720 


Py rates with Capt. Darjis 1 7 1 9 

Iphoenlx of Brifvoly Capt. 
5 Richards "^J^nc 1 720 

at Newfoundland 
Succefs Sloop 
Willing Mind 

Richard of Biddiford 
Mary and Martha 
Little Yorky Phillips Mr. 
Love of Lane after 
Thomas Brigantine 

>'July 1720 

Sept. T710 
"^ John 

Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 283 

iTr^^^'"" Ijeremlah and y4m jip. 1720 

yVm. Shunn 5 ' 

^Wm, Davis ^ J of Seig. Jo/te 5*^ ^ ' • 

t l^T ^''''"'' iMarth^ Snow Capt Lady 
^' Jojhua Lee ^ r j 

Rob. Hartley (\)'lRohlnfon of Leverpole C^Lj^t. Aug.iqii 

-l" James Crane ? Kannlng 

George Sm'^thfon -j ^ *) 

Rotrer Pye (Stanwich Galley Captain f 

'[%h. Fletcher ^ Tarlton Sjug.ijii 

"^Ro, Hartley (i)-^ V. 

'^ Andrew Ranee A Dutch Shi]^ J 

ut ert ojs /^^^^y Galley of Briflolfoa. i-jzi 
C at Calllhar C 

Gertruycht of Holland \ 
Flujliingham of ditto 

^Elizabeth Capt. Sharp ' 

^ Tho. Giles 
^ Ifrael Hynde 
William Church 
Fhilip Haak 
William Smith 
Adam Comry 
William Grates 
^ Peter de Vine 
John Johnfon 

King Solomon Capt. Tre- 
hern off Cape Affollonia 

John Stodgtll 

Henry Dawfon ? p^-u^^/, sioop at Jaquin 

William Glafs 3 

Jofiah Robinfon '- 

John Arnaught 

John Davis 

'\ Henry Graves )>rarlton Capt. 77;.. Tarlton, 
Tho. Howard ^ ' 

-}- John Rimer 
Thomas Clephen 
Wm- Guineys 
'(- James Cojins 

^Jatt. i']2i 

Porcupine Capt. Fletcher 


284 Capt. 

7lo, Stretton 
* William Petty 
Jtdic, Lemmon 
"^ Wm. Wood 
^ John Horn 
fierrc Ravon 
John Duo^an 
"James Ardeon 
Ettrien Gilllot 
Men. Marraud 
Johi Gittin 
Jo, Richardeau 
John Lavogue 
John Bupla'fef 

Bartho. Roberts. 


njlow Capt. Gee at Cefios Jan. 1 72 J 

Peter Groffey 
Rence Frogier 
Lewis Arnaut 
Rence Thoby 
Meth Roiiiac 
John Gumar 
John Paquete 
Allan Pigan 
Pieree ShiHot 

j From- the 
I Frfw^fhip 
'>'n Why dab 
' Road Fek 


Yon, James Slyrm^ Michael Lemmon^ Robert Hart- 
ley^ &c. 
Y£, and every &nc of you y are in the Name^ and by the 
Authorltjy of our dread Sovereign Lord^ George, 
JCifTgof Great Britain, indiEied as follows ^ 

F&rafrmch as in open Contempt of the Laws of your 
Country ye have all of you been wickedly unitedy and arti- 
lied together, for the Annoyance and Difturbance of his 
Majefty'^s trading Subjects by Sea. And have in Conform 
mity to the mosl evil and mifchievous IntenticnSy been 
twice down the Coasi of Africa, with two Ships *, once in 
the Beginning of Auguft, and a fecond Ttme^ in January 
hfty finhn^y burni'figj or robbing fuch Ships y and Veffels^ 
as then happened in your Way. 

Pa ticularlVy ye ft and changed at the Lnftancey and Jn^ 
formation of Capt dn Ogle, as Traytors and 
Pyratesy for the unlawful Oppofition ye made to his Ma-- 
jefty^s Shipy the Swallow, under his Command. 

For that on the -^^th of February UB pasly upon Sight 
ef the aforefaid Kings Shipy ye did immediately weigh 
Anchor from tinder Cape Lopez, on the Southern Coast of 
Africa, in a Freuch built Shif <?/ 32 Gunsy called the 


Capt. Bartho. Robe-rts^ 285 

Ranger, a?}d did ^urfue and chafe the aforefaid King's 
Shipy with fiich Difpatch af7d Trecipitancyy as dccUredyc 
common Robbers md Pyrates. 

That about Ten of the Clock the fame Morvivgj drmm^ 
whin Gu?2'jl)»t of his Majefys aforefaid Ship tlje Swal- 
low, ye hoi (led a pyratical black Flagy ^nd fired fe<if€rd 
chace GunSj to deter ^ as rmtch as ye mer^ able^his Majefy^s 
Servants from their Duty, 

That an Hour after this^ being very nigh to the afore^ 
[aid Kings Ship^ ye did audacioufly continue in a hofiile 
Defence and ^jfaultj for about two Hours more^ in opfn 
Violation of the Laws, and in Defiance to the King's Co^ 
lours and Commiffion. 

And lafilyy that in the aBingy and compaffing of all thu^ 
ye were ally and every one of yoUy in a wicked Combination^ 
'Voluntarily to exerty and actually did, in your feveral Sta- 
tions y ufeyour utmoFt Endeavours to difirefs the f aid Kings 
Shipy and. murder his Mdjefiy^ s goad SubjeH-s. 

To which they feverally pleaded. Not Guilty, 

Then the Court called for the Officers of the 
Swallow y Mr. Ifaac Sun, Lieutenant, Ralph Baldriclk^ 
Boatfvvain, Daniel Maclauglin, Mate, deiiring them 
to view the Prifoners, whether they knew them ? 
And to give an Account in what Manner they had 
attack'd and fought the King's Ship-, and they 
agreed as folbws. 

That they had viewed all the Prifoners, as the^ 
flood now before the Court, and were allured tliey 
were the fame taken out of one, or other, of the 
Pyrate Ships, Royal Fortune y or Ranger \ but verily 
believe them to be taken out of the Ranger. 

That they did in the King's Ship, at break of 
Day, on Monday y the 5th o^^Eebruary^ 1721-2, dif- 
cover three Ships at Anchor, under Cape Lopez^ 
on the Southern Coaft of Africa ; the Cape bearing 
thQxi W. S* W, about three Leagues, and perceiving 


236 Capu Bart HO. Roberts. 

one ot them to have a Pendant flying, and having 
heard their Morning-Gun before, they immediately 
fufpeOred them to be Roberts the Pyrate, his Con- 
fort, and a French Ship, they knew had been lately 
carried out of IVhydah Road. 

The King's Ship was obliged to hawl off N- 
W. and W. N. W. to avoid a Sand, called, the 
Fre?ich Mans Bani^ the Wind then at S. S. E. and 
found in half an Hour's time, one of the three had 
got under Sail from the Careen, and was bending 
her Sails in a Chace towards them. To encourage 
this Raihnefs and Precipitancy, they kept away be- 
fore the Wind, fas though afraid,^ but with their 
Tacks on Board, their Main-Yard braced, and ma- 
king, at the fame Time, very bad Steerage. 

About half an Hour after Ten, in the Morning, 
the Pvrate Ship came within Gun-fhot, and fired 
four Chace Guns, hoifted a black Flag at the Mizen- 
Peek and got their Sprit- fail Yard under their Bow- 
fprit^ for boarding. In half an Hour more, ap- 
proaching ftill nigher, they Starboarded their Helm, 
and gave her a Broadfide, the Pyrate bringing to, 
and returning the fame. ^ , . 

After this, the Deponents fay, their Fire grew 
flack for fome Time, becaufe the Pyrate was Ihot fo 
far a Head on the W^eather-Bow, that few ot their 
Guns could Point to her •, yet in this Interval their 
black Flag was either Shot away, or bawled down 
a little Space, and hoifted again. 

At length, by their ill Steerage, and Favour of 
the Wind, they came near, a fecond Time ; and 
about Two in the Afternoon Hiot away their Main- 

The Colours they fought under, befides a black 
Flag, were a red E^gHflj Enfigii, a King's Jack, and 
a Dutch Pendant, which they ftruck at, or about. 
Three in the Afternoon, and called for (Quarters ; 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 287 

it proving to be a French built Ship of 32 Guns, cal- 
led the 'Ranger, 

Jfaac SuHy 
Falph Baldricly 
Daniel Maclauglin* 

When the Evidence had been heard, the Prifo- 
ners were called upon to anfwer, how they came 
on Board this Pyrate Ship *, and their Reafon for 
fo audacious a Refinance, as had been made againft 
the King's Ship. 

To this, each, in his Reply, owned himfelf to 
be one of thofe taken out of the Ranger \ that he 
had figned their pyratical Articles, and ihared in 
their Plunder, fome few only accepted, who had 
been there too fhort a Time. But that neither in 
this iigning, or iharing, nor in the Refiftance 
had been made againft his Majefty's Ship, had they 
been Voluntiers, but had acted in thefe leverat 
Parts, from a Terror of Death •, which a Law 
amongft them, was to be the Portion of thofe who 
refufed. The Court then ask'd, who made thofe 
Laws ? How thofe Guns came to be fired ? Or why 
they had not deferted their Stations, and mutinied, 
when fb fair a Profpeft of Redemption offered ? 
They replied ftill, with the fame Anfwers, and 
could extenuate their Crimes, with no other Plea, 
than being forced Men. Wherefore the Court 
were of Opinion, that the Indictment, as it char- 
ged them with an unlawful Attack and Refiftance 
of the King's Ship, was fuificiently proved ; but 
then it being undeniably evident, that many of 
thefe Prifoners had been forced, and fome of them 
of very fliort ftanding, they did, on mature Deli- 
beration, come to this merciful Refolution ; 

That they would hear further Evidence for, or 
againft, each Perfon fmgly, in Relation to thoie 
Parts of the Indictment, which declared them Vo* 


288 Capu Bartho. Roberts. 

luntiers, or charged them with aiding and affifting, 
at the burning, fmkii^g, or robbing of other Ships ^ 
for if they aded, or aiTifted, in any Robberies or 
Devaftations, it would be a ConviO:ion they were 
Voluntiers ^ here fuch Evidence, though it might 
want the Form, ftill carried the Reafon of the 
Law with it. 

The Charge was ey:hibited alfb againft the following 
Py rates taken out of the Royal Fortune^ 

^ Mich. Mare in the Rover 5 Years ago 

^ Chr if. Moody Muder Davis 171 8< 

^ Mar. Jchnjon a Dutch Ship 1 8. 

■^ James Philips the Revenge Py rate Sloop 1 7* 

'^ Hag. Jacohfon a Dutch Ship 1-719 

^ W. Williams I / ^ 

"^Wm. Fernon LSadhury C^V^^ln Tljomas C 
'V- m Willams 2C ^Newfoundland i ^""^^ ^ 7 ^«' 

"^ Roger Scot ^ 

Ifho.Owen IrorhofBriftol 

^ Wm. Taylor ^ 

"^ Jofeph Nofiter Exf edition of TopPhim 

^ John Parker Willing Mind of Pool ^ 

^ Robert Crow Hapfy Return Sloop Q 

^ George Smith Mary and Martha J^July I y^d- 

^ Ja. Clements Succcfs Sloop V 

^ John Walden Ble[fing of Lymington J 

"^ Jo. Mans f eld from Martinico 

A-^ James Harris Richard Pink 

•^ John Philips a filhmg Boat 

Harry Glasby Zsamuel Capt. Cary* ^uly i ?lo* 

//z/^^^ Adendes ^ 

^ Wm. Magnus 

^ Jofevh Moor May FtoWer Sloog Feb- if 16. 

Bahtho. Roberts. 28, 

May 1 J 21. 


"^Johndu Frock' \ 

Wm. ChamfT?ies (jLojA Gaily Capt. Hyr 

George Danfcn C^ fion 

f IJaac Fvjfel J 

jRohert Lilbourn'>^ ^ 

^^Rohert J ohnjon^ Jeremiah and Jm^ Capt, >^/>. 1721, 




Wm» Darling 

f Wm. Mead 

Thomas Biggies Chrifiofher Snow 

^ Ben, Jeffreys Norman GMey 

a Sloop at St. Nicholaj I j* 

^BurchShip 1.4'-I72i 

j^dveiQture Sloop 

a Dutch Galley 

ditto run from the Swallow 


^Onflow Capt. Gee at 5-?/?<7y, Mdy 1 7 2 1 J 

John Francia 

^ D. Harding 

^ John Coleman 

^ Charles Bunce 

^ R. Armfirong 

^ jihra. Harfer'' 

^ Peter Lefley 

^ John Jeffup i 

Thomas Wat kins 

* Philip Bill 

^Jo. Stephen/on 

^ James Cromby 

Tmmas Garrat 

*}- George Ogle 

Koger Gorfuch 

John Wat [on 

William Child 

"^ John Griffin 

^ Per. Scudamorc j 

Chrifi. Granger 

Nicho. Brattle 

James White 

Tho. Davis \Cornwall Galley at Cal- ^dittop 

Tho. Sever C labar 

* Rob. Bevins 


J David Rice 

I Martha Snow 

j^u. 1 72 1 

7 Mercy Gaily at Callabar OB, in 21, 




290 Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

^ Fob. Haws Joceline Capt. Lomr OCl, 172T 

Hu^h Riddle ? T^ • ; • vi^^u ^ 

Ste%„rhomas \Dd,gence hozt ya. 1721, 

^ John Lane 

^ Sam. Fletcher 

^ Wm. Philips ^King Solomon ditto, 

Jacob Johnfon 

* John King 

Benjamin Var Rohlnfon Capt. Kanninrr ditto, 

TrZZZ ^^/-^-^ Capt. 5W, 
lf'"^!ff"h'arlton of Leverjool at' 

^ Robert Hays ^ 

Thomas Roberts 'J 

John Richards ^Charlton Capt. Allwright Feb, ijli, 

John Cane ^ 

Richard Wood ") 

Richard Scot /Porcupine Capt. FUtcber^ 

Wm.Bavifon > WhydahKo^d rfr&. 1721,' 

Sam. Morwell V^ 

Edward Evans J 

^ Ji'^w 7^/z/p 2 furrenderM up at PnWf/ 

You, /fcry Glasbyy William Davifon^ William Champ* 

niesy Samtiel Morwell^ &c. 

YEy and every one of you ^ are^ in the Name^ and by 
the Authority of our moft dread Sovereign Lord 
George, King of Great Britain, indicted as follows. 

Fornfmuch as in open Contempt and Violation of the 
Laws of your Country ^ to which ye ought to have been fub^ 
jeH-y) ye have dl of you been wickedly united and articled 
together^ for the Annoyance and Def ruction of his Ma- 
jeflys trading SubjcHs by Sea\ and in Conformity to fo wick^ 
ed an Agreement and Affociation^ ye have been twice lately 
aown this Coaft of Africa, once in Auguft, and afecond 
Time in January laf^ Jpoiling and defiroying many Goods 


Capt. BART HO. ROBERTS; ^^i 

4f7d Veffels of his Majefifs Subje^s, and other trading 
Nations. ,, 

Particularly ye fland indiSted at the Information and 
In ft ante of Captain Cha loner Ogle, as Traytorsy Rob^ 
bersj Pyratesj and common Enemies to Mankinds 

For that on the loth of February laft^ in a Ship ye 
ivere pojfefs^d of called the Royal Fortune, of 40 Gunsj 
ye did maintain a hoftile Defence and Refiftance for fome 
Hour's^ again ft- his Majefly'^s Ship the Swallow, nii^h Cape 
Lopez Bay^ on the Southern Coaft of Africa. 

That this Fight and infolent Refiftance againft the, 
Xing'" s Ship J was madcj hot only without any Pretence of 
Authority y more than that of your own private depraved 
Willsy but was done alfq under d black Flagy flagrantly 
by that J denoting your fe Ives common Robbers and Traitors^ 
Oppofers and Violators of the Laws, 

And laftlyy that in this Refiftance^ ye tpere atl of pti 
Volunti'erSy and didy as fuchy contribute your utmoft Ef^ 
fortSy for dlfabling and diftreffing the aforefaid Kin(T*t 
Shipy and deterring his Majeftys Servants therein y from 
their Duty. 

To which they fe^rerally pleaded. Not Guiltyl 

Whereupon the OfEcers of his Majefty's Shipj- 
the SwallotPy were called again^ and teftified a^ 

That they had feeii afl the Prifoners now before 
the Court, and knew them to be the fame vvhicH 
were taken out of one or other of the Pyrate Ship^- 
Royal Fortune 6r Ranger, and verily believe thetil to 
be thoCet^iken put of the Royal Fortu:'ie. 

That the Prifdners were poifefs'd of a Ship' o^ 
40 Guns, ca!lled the ^oyal Fortune y and were at an 
Ancho'r under Cape topez^ oh the Coaft of Africa! 
with two others: When his Majeffy's Ship the 
Swallowy (to which the Deponents belong'd, and were 
OfHcersy) ftood in for the Place, dn Saturday thd 
i0tpi of February 1721-2: The largeft had a Jack^ 

^ i Eniignl 

292 Capu Bart HO. Roberts. 

Enfign and Pendant flying, (being th^'s Royal For^ 
tune^ who on Sight of them, had their Boats pai^ 
fog and repaiiing, from the other two, which they 
luppofed to be with Men : The Wind not favouring 
the aforefaid King's Ship, ihe was obliged to make 
two Trips to gain nigh enough the Wind, to fetch 
in with the Pyrates ^ and being at length little 
more than random Shot from them, they found fhe 
' flipped her Cable, and got under Sail. 

At Eleven, the Pyrate was within Piftol-Shot, a 
Breaft of them, with a black Flag, and Pendant 
hoifted at their Main-topmaft Head. The Depo- 
nents fiiy, they then ftruck the Fyench Enfign that 
had continued hoifted at their Staff all the Morn- 
ing till th.Qn % and difplay'd the King's Colours, 
giving her, at the fame Time, their Broadfide, 
which was immediately returned. 

The Fyrate's Mizen-topmaft fell, and (bme of 
her Rigging was torn, yet fhe flill out failed the 
IVIari oi War, and flid half Gun-Shct from them, 
while they continued to fire without Intermiilion, 
and the other to return fuch Guns as could be 
brought to bear, tiU by favour of the Winds, they 
were advanced very nigh again \ and after ex- 
changing a few more Shot, about half an Hour pafl 
one, his Main-Maft came down, having received a 
Shot a little below the Parrel. 

AtTwoilie flruck her Colours, and called for 
Quarter??, proving to be a Ship, formerly call'd the 
Orrfliir, but by them, the Royal Fortune ^ and the 
Pf ifoi.ers from her, afTured them, that the fmalleft 
Shl^ of the two, then remaining in the Road, 
belong'd to them, by the Name of the Little Rari- 
ger^ which they had deferted on this Occafion. 

Ijaac Sun^ 
Ralph Baldrich^ 
Pankl Maclaughlln. 


Capt, Bartho. Roberts. 295 

The Prifoners were asked by' the Court, to the 
fame Purpofe the others had been in the Morn- 
ing '^ what Exception they had to make againfl 
what had been Iworn ? And what they had to iky 
m their Defence ? And their Reply were much 
the lame with the other Prifoners ^ that they 
were forc'd Men, had not fired a Gun in this Re- 
iiftance againft the Swallow^ and that what little 
Aililbnce they did gisre on this Occafion, was to 
the Sails and Rigging, to comply with the arbi- 
trary Commands of Roberts^ who had threaten'd, 
and they were perfwaded would, have Shot them 
on Refulal*. 

The Court, to difpenfe equal Juftice, mercifully 
reiblved for thefe, as they had done for the other 
Pyrate Crew ^ that further Evider.ce fhould be 
heard againfi: each Man fmgly, to the two Points, of 
being a Voluntier at firft, and to their particular 
Adis of Py racy and Robbery fince : That fo Men, 
who had been lately received amongft them, and 
as yet, had not been at the taking, or plundering, 
of any Ship, might have the Opportunity, and Be- 
nefit, of clearing their Innocence, and not fallpro- 
mifcuoufly with the Guilty. 

By Order of the Court ^ 
John AtkmSj Regifler* 

Wm* Magnes^ Tloo. Ought erlauney^ IVm. Afaiff^ U^m* 
A<fackwtojhy Val. ^jhplar7t^ John Walden^ Il'rael Hlnd^ 
Jidarcmjohnfon^ IVm. Petty ^ Wrn. Termn^ Abraham Har^ 
per^ Wm. Wood^ Tho, HoxVy John Stephen/on^ Ch, Buace^ 
and John Griffin. 

Againft the e it was depofed by Captain Jofeph 
Trahern^ and George Fenn, his Mate, that they were 
all of them, either at the attacking and taking ot 
the Ship King Solomon^ or afterwards at the robbing 
and plundering of her, and in this Manner ^ 

T 3 Thae 

-^.4 r^/?. Bartho. Roberts. 

That on the 5th of January lafl their Ship riding 
at Anchor near Cape A^pHonia in Africa^ difcovered 
^a Boat rowing towarcls them, againft Wind and 
Stream, from a Ship that lay about three Miles 
to Leeward. They judged from the ISIumber of 
Men in her, as ihe nearer advanced,' to be a Pyrate, 
hnd made fbme Prepaifation for receiving her, be- 
lieving, on a nigher View, they would think fit to 
withdraw from an Attack that muft be on their Sid^ 
with great Difadyantaga in an open Boat, and a- 
gainft double the Number of Men ^ yet by the 
Raihnefs, and the Pufillanimity of his own People 
jfwho laid down their Arms, and immediately cal- 
led fi)r Quarter) the Ship was taken, and after- 
wards robbed by them. 

TrefiAeni, Can you charge your Memory vyith any 
Particulars in the Seizure and Robbery ? 

Evidence. We know that Magms^ Quarter-Mafter 
of the Pyrate Ship, commanded the Men in this 
Boat that took us, and afTumed the Authority of or- 
dering her Provifions and Stores out, which being 
of different Kinds, we loon found, were feizedand 
fent away under more particular Directions ^ for 
^ain^ as Boatfwain of the Pyrate Ship, carried 
away two Cables, and fev^ral Cpils of Rope, as what 
belonged to his Province, beating Ibme of our own 
Men for not being brisk enough at working in the 
Robbery. P^ry^, as Sail-maker, faw to the Sails and 
Canvas ;i7^rpfr, as Cooper to the Cask andTools*, Grif" 
frj^ to the Carpenter's Stores, and Oughterlauneyy as Pi- 
Jot, baying fliifted himfelf with a Suit of my 
Clothe?^ a new ty^ Wig, and called fpr a Bottle of 
Wine, ordered the Ship, very arrogantly, to be 
fleered under Commadore Robert's Stern, CI fuppole 
to kno\v what Qrdiers there were concerning her.) 
go far particularly/ In the general. Sir, they were 
yery putragious and emulous ix\ MiichieK 

Capt. Eartho. Roberts. 295 

Trepdent* Mr. Ca(i;€ly acquaint the Court of vviiat 
you know in Relation to this Robbery of the King 
Solomon \ after what Manner the Py rate-Boat was 
difpatch'd for this Attempt. 

Tho, CafteU I was a Prifoner, Sir, with the Pyrates 
when their Boat was ordered upon that Service, 
and found, upon a Refolution of going. Word was 
paiTed through the Company, Who would go ? And 
I faw all that did, did it voluntarily ::, no Compul- 
iion, but rather preiling who ihould be foremoft. 

The Prifoners yielded to what had been fworn 
about the Attack and Robbery, but denied the lat- 
ter Evidence, faying, Roberts heO:or'd, and upbrai- 
ded them of Cowardice on this very Occafion -^ and 
told fome, they were very ready to ftep on Board 
of a Prize when within Command of the Ship, but 
now there feem'd to be a Tryal of their Valour, 
backward and fearful. 

Trefident* So that Roberts forc'd ye upon this 

Trifoners. Roberts commanded us into the Boat, and 
the Quarter-Mafter to rob the Ship ; neither of 
vvhofe Commands we dared to have refufed. 

Rrefident. And granting it i^o^ thofe are ftiil your 
own A£ls, fince done by Orders from Officers of 
your own Election. Why would Men, honeflly 
idifpofed, give their Votes for luch a Captain and 
fuch a (Quarter- Mafter as were every Day comman- 
ding them on diflaftfu I Services? 

Here fucceeded a Silence among the Prifoners, but 
at length Fernon very honeltly own'd, that he did 
not give his Vote to Magnes^ but to David Sympffi 
(the old Quarter-Mafter,) for in Truths lays he, / 
took Magnes for too honeft- a M^^j ^nd unft for the Ru^ 

The Evidence was plain and home, and the 
Court, without any Hefitation, brought them in 

T 4 WILL' 

09^ C^pt. Baktho. Roberts. 

WILLI AM church, Vhll Haah, James White, Nich: 
Brattle, Hugh Riddle, William Thomas, Tho, Ro^ 
herts, Jo. Richards, Jo. Cane, R. W^od, R. Scot, Wm. 
Davfon, Sam. Morwell, Edward Evans ^ Wm> Guineysy 
ajid 1 8 frc?:ch Men. 

The four firil of thefe Prifoners, it was evident 
to the Court, lerved as Mufick on Board the Py- 
rate, were forced lately from the feveral Merchant 
Ships they belonged to^ and that they had, du-^ 
ring this Con5.henient, an uneafy Life of: it, ha- 
ving fometinies their Fiddles, and often their Heads 
broLe, on^y for excufing tliemfelves, or faying 
they were tired, when any Fellow took it in his 
Head to demand a Tune. 

The other E?7glijlj had been a very few Days on 
Board the Pyratc, only from Whydah to Cape Lofez,^ 
and no Capture or Robbery done by them in that 
Time. And the French Men were brought with a 
Defx(:!;n to reconduct their own Ship for the Little 
J^ajigcr m Exchange) to Whydah Road again, and 
were ufed like Prifoners- neither quarter'd nor 
fulfered to carry Arms. So that the Court imme- 
diately acquiefced in, Acquitting them. 

^ I ^HO. Sutton, Dav'd Symffon, Chriftofher A^foody, 
jj^ Phil. Bill, R. Hardy, Hen. Dennis, David Rice^ 
Wm. Williams, R. Harris, Geo. Smith, Ed, Watts, Jo. 
Mitchell 2<vA James Barrow. 

The Evidence againft thefe Prifoners, were Geret 
de Haen, Ma{i:er of the Flujlnngham, taken nigh 
A^'in^ ^^^ Beginning of January laft. 

Benj. Kreft Mafier, and James Groet Mate of thd 
Gertruycht, taken nigh Gahone in December laft, and 
Mr. Cj^jrel, Wingfield ar.d others, tliat had been Pri- 
fpDer5 wich the Fy rates. 

The former depoled, that all thefe Prifoners 
(excepting Hardy^ were on Board at the Robbery 
and Plunder of txheir Ships, behaving in a vile out- 

•' • ragioas 

Cap. Bartho. Roberts. 297 

ragious Manner, putiing them in bodily Fears, 
Ibmetimes for the Ship, and fometinnes for them- 
lelves ^ and in particular, Kreft charged it on Sutton^ 
that he had ordered all their Gunner's Stores out; 
on which that Prifoner prefently interrupted, and 
fa id, he was perjured, That he had not tahn half . A 
Reply, I believe, not defigned as any fawcy Way 
of jefting, but to give their Behaviour an Appea- 
rance of more Humanity than the Dutch would 

From Mr. Cajlel^ IVw^f e Id ?.nd other s^ they were 
proved to be diftinguilhed Men, Men who were 
conflilted as Chiefs in all Enterprizes •, belonged 
moft of them to the Houfe of Lords, ("as they calfd 
it,J and could carry an Authority over others. 
The former faid, particularly ot^ Hardy, (Quarter- 
Mafter of the Ranger^ that when the DH'gence 
Sloop was taken, ('whereto he belonged,) none was 
bufier in the Plunder, and was the very Man 
who fcuttled and funk that VefTel. 

From feme of the Prifoners acquitted, it was 
farther demanded, whether the Acceptance or Re- 
fufal of any Office was not in their own Option ? 
And it was declared, that every Officer was chofe 
by a Minority of Votes, and might refute, if he 
pieafed, fince others gladly embraced what brought 
with it an additional Share of Prize. Guilty 

The Court on the 31^ of March, remanded 
the following fix before them., for Sentence, viz.. 
Dav. Symffon, Wm, Magms, F. H.irdy, Thcmas Suttojj^ 
Chrifiopher Moody, and y'aier!. Jlp[Lwt. 

To whom the Prefident fpoke to the following 
Purpofe •, The Crime of Fy racy, of which all of ye have 
been jyftly convlBed, Is of all ether Robberies the mo ft ag- 
gravating and ir.humane. In that hclng removed from the 
Pears of Surfriz,e, in remote and diflant Tarts, ye do 
in Wantonnefs of Power often add Cruelty to TIjeft, 

fy rates 


298 Capt. Bart HO. Roberts, 

Pyrates unmoved at Dlftrefs or Poverty^ not only ffoU 
and rob, hut do it from Men needy, and who are purcha^ 
(Ing their Livlihoods thro^ Haz,ards and Difficulties, 
which ought rather to move Compajfwn -^ and what is ft ill 
worfcy do often, by Perfwafion or Forc)ey engage the incon^ 
Cider Ate fart of them^ to their own and Families Euin^ 
removing them from their Wives and Children, and by 
that^ from the Means that Jhould fupport them from 
Mifery and Want, 

To a trading Nation, nothing can he fo DeflruBivc as 
Pyracy-, or call for more exemplary Punifiment ^ hefides^ 
the national Reflexion it infers : It cuts off the Returns 
of Jnduftry, and thofe plentiful Importations that alone 
can make an If and flouriflnng ; and it is your ^^gra^ 
vat ion, that ye have been the Chiefs and Rulers in thefe 
licentious and lawlefs PraBices, 

However^ contrary to the Meafures ye have dealt, ye 
have been heard with Patience, and tho^ little has, or 
fojTibly could, have beet? faid in Excufe or Extenuation of 
your Crimes, yet Charity makes us hope that a true and 
fincere Repentance (which we heartily recommend) may en- 
title ye to Mercy and Eorgivenefs, after the Sentence of 
the Law has taken Place, which now remains upon mc 
to pronounce, 

YOV Dav. Simpfon, William Magnes, R. Hardy 3, 
Thq. Sutton, Chriflopher Moody, md Val. 

Tf,and each of you, are adjudged andjentenced, to be 
carried back to the Place from whence ye came, from thence 
to the Place of Execution, without the Gates of this Caftle,, 
and there within the flopd-Marks, to be hargedby the. 
Neck t til ye are dead* 

Jfter this, ye, and each of youjljall be taken dawn^ and 
your Bodies hi'.vged in Chains, 


Capt. Bart HO, Roberts, 299 

Warrant for Execution. 

P)RSVj4NT to the Sentence given on Saturday, 
by the Court of Admiralty y at Cape-Corfb-Caftle, 
againft Dav. Simpfbn, Wm. Magnes, R. Hardy, 
Tho. Sutton, Chriftopher Moody, and Valentine 

ICou are hereby direBed to carry the afore faiU Malefa* 
Uors to the Vlace of Execution^ without the Gates of this 
Caftlcy to Morrow Morning at Nine of the Clocky and 
there within the Flood-Marhy caufe them to he hanged 
by the Neck till they are deady for which, this Jhall he 
your Warrant, Given under my Handy this id Day of 
April 1722. 

To Jofeph Gordyn, Mungo Keardraaii. 

The Bodies remove in Chains^ to the Gibbets already 
ereUed on the adjacent Hillocks* 

M. H. 

William Phillips, 

IT appeared by the Evidence of Captain Jo, Tra* 
hern, and George Fenny Mate of the King Solomon^ 
that this Prifbner was Boatfwain ot the fame Ship, 
when fhe was attacked and taken off Cape Appolloniay 
the 6th of January laft, by the Pyrate's Boat. 

When the Boat drew nigh, (they fay,) it was 
judged from the >Jumber of Men in her, that they 
were Pyrates, and being hailed, anfwered. Defiance ; 
at which the Commander Inatched a Mufquet from 
one of his Men, and fired, asking them at the fame 
Time, whether they would (land by him, to de- 
fend the Ship ? But the Pyrates returning a Vol- 
ley, and crying out, they would give no Quarters 
if any Refinance was made ^ this Priibner took 
upon him to call out for Quarters, without the 
Mafter's Confent, and miflead the reft to the laying 
down their Arms, and giving up the Ship, to half 
tk^ Kumber of Men, and in an open Boat. It was 


500 Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

further evident he became, after this, a Volun- 
tier amongft them. Firil, becaufe he was prefently 
very forward and brisk, in robbing the Sliip Kwg 
Solomon^ of her Provifions and Stores. Secondly, 
becaufe he endeavoured to have his Captain ill 
ufed^ and laflly, becaufe he had confeffed to Ferny 
that he had been obliged to fign their Articles 
that Night, (a Piftol being laid on the Table, to 
fignify he muft do it, or be ihotj when the" whole 
appeared to be an Untruth from other Evidence, 
who alfo afTerted his being armed in the Action 
againft the Swallow. 

In anfwer to this, he firiT: obferved upon the 
Unhappinefs of being friendlefs in this Part of 
the World, which, elfewhere, by witneiling to the 
Honefty of his former Life, would, he believed, 
in a great Meafure, have invalidated the wrong Evi- 
dence had been given of his being a Voluntier with 
the Pyrates. Ife owns indeed, he made no Appli- 
cation to his Captain, to intercede for a Difcharge, 
but excufes it with faying, he had adifliketo him, 
and therefore was fure that fuch Application would 
have avail'd him nothing. 

The Court oblerved the Pretences of this, and 
other of the Pyrates, of a Piftol and their Articles 
being (erved up in a Dilh together, or of their 
being mifufed and forced from an honeft Service, 
was often a Complotment of the Parties, to ren- 
der'them lefs fufpe^ted of thofe they came from, 
and was to a ifwer the End of being put in a News- 
Paper or Affidavit : and the Pyrates were fo ge- 
nerous as not to refufe a Compliment to a Brother 
that coft them nothing, and, at the fame Time, 
fecured them the beft Hands ^ the beft I call them, 
becaufe fjch a Dependaace made them aO: more 
boldly.- Guilty, 


Capt. Bart HO. Roberts. 301 

Harry Glashy^ Mafter. 

THere appearing feveral Perfons in Court, who 
had been taken by Bchrts's Ship, whereof 
the Prilbner was Mafter, their Evidence was accept- 
ed as follows. 

Joy Trahern^ Commander of the King Solomorjj de- 
pofed, the Prifoner, indeed, to ad as Mafter of the 
Pyrate bhip (while he was under Reftraint therej 
but was obferved like no Mafter, every one obey- 
ing at Difcretion, of which he had taken Kotice, 
and complained to him, how hard a Condition it 
was, to be a Chief among Brutes *, and that he was 
weary of his Life, and fuch other Expreffions, (now 
out of his MemoryJ as ihew'd in him a great 
Difinclination to that Courfe of Living. 

Jo. Wwgfield, a Prifoner with them at Calabar^ 
fays the lame, as to the Quality he a^led in, but 
that he was Civil beyond any of them, and verily 
believes, that when the Brigantine he ferved on 
Board of, as a Factor for the African Company, was 
voted to be burnt, this Man was the Inftrument of 
preventing it, expreffing himfelf with a great deal of 
Sorrow, for this and the like malicious Rogueries 
of the Company he was in ; that to him fliewed, 
he had aded with Reludancy, as one who could 
not avoid what he did. He adds further, that when 
one Hamilton^ a Surgeon, was taken by them, and 
the Articles about to be impofed on him, he op- 
pofed, and prevented it. And that Hunter^ another 
Surgeon, among them, was cleared at the Priibner's 
Inflance and Perfwafion *, from which laft, this De- 
ponent had it afTured to him, that Gla^hy had once 
been under Sentence of Death, on Board of them, 
with two more, for endeavouring an Efcape in the 
We B' Indies J and that the other two were really ihoc 
for it. 


302 Capt. BARTHO. itoBERTSi 

Eliz^aheth Trengrove, who was taken a PafTenger in 
the African Company's Ship Onflow^ ftrengthen'd the 
Evidence o{ the laft Witnefs •, for having heard a 
good Character of this Gkishy, Ihe enquired of the 
Quarter-Mafter, who was then on Board a robbing, 
whether or no Ihe could fee him ? And he told her. 
No \ they never ventured him from the Ship, for he 
had once endeavoured his Efcape, and they had ever 
fince continued jealous of him. 

Edward Crifpy C^^t^in TrengrovCy and Captain Sharpy 
who had all been taken in their Turns, acknow- 
ledge for themfelves and others, who had unluckily 
fallen into thole Pyrates Hands, that the good 
Ufage they had met with, was chiefly thro' the 
Prifoner's Means, who often interpofed, for leaving 
fulficient Stores and Inftruments on Board the Ships 
they had robbed, alledging, they were fuperfiuous 
and unnecelTary there. 

James White^ whofe Bufinefs was Mufick, and was 
on the Poop of the Pyrate Ship in Time of Aftion 
with the Swalloxvy depofed, that during the Engage- 
ment, and Defence ihe made, he never law the Pri- 
Ibner bufied about the Guns, or giving Orders,- 
either to the loading or firing of them ; but that he 
wholly attended to the fetting, or trimming, of 
the Sails, as Roberts commanded ^ and that in the 
Coriclufion, he verily believed him to be the Man 
who prevented the Ship's being bloWn up, by 
fetting trufty Centinels below, and oppofing him- 
felf againft fuch hot-headed Fellows as had procu- 
red lighted Matches, and were going down for that 

Jfaac SuTiy Lieutenant of the Man of War^ depofed, 
that when he came to take PofTelli on of tl>e Prize, 
in the King's Boat, he found the Pyrates in a very 
di ft rafted and divided Condition ; fome being for 
blowing up, and others (who perhaps fuppofed 
themfelves kaft culpable^ opwiing it: That in 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts* 303 

this Confufion he enquired for the Prifbnerj of 
whom he had before heard a good Chara£ler ^ and 
thinks he rendered all the Service in his Power, 
for preventing it j in particular, he underftood by 
all Hands, that he had feized, and taken, from one 
Jatnes Philips, a lighted Match, at the Inftant he 
was going down to the Magazine, fwearing, that 

he fhould fend them all to H 1 together. He 

had heard alio, that after Roberts was killed, the 
Prifoner ordered the Colours to be ftruck ^ and had 
fince ihown, how oppofite hisPradice and Principles 
had been, by difcovering who were the greateft 
Rogues among them. 

The Prifoner, in his own Defence, fays, when 
he had the Misfortune of falling into the Pyrates 
Hands, he was chief Mate of the Samuel, of Lon^ 
don. Captain Cary •, and when he had hid himftlf, 
to prevent the Defign of carrying him away, they 
found him, and beat and threw him over-board,' 
Seven Days afterwards, upon his objeOiing againft, 
and refufing to iign their Articles, he was cut and 
abus'd again : That tho' after this he ingratiated him- 
felf, by a more humble Carriage, it was only to make 
Life eafy -, the Shares they had given him, having 
been from Time toTime returned again to fuch Pri- 
foners as fell in his Way ^ till of late, indeed, he had 
made a fmall Refervation, and had defired Captain 
Loan to take two or three Moidores from him, to car- 
ry to his Wife. He was once taken, he fays, at ma- 
king his Efcape, in theWeB- Indie >, and, with two 
more, fentenced to be ihot for it, by a drunken 
Jury *, the latter actually fufTered^ and he was pre- 
lerved only by one of the chief Pyrates taking a 
fudden Liking to him, and bullying the others. A 
fecond time he ran away at Hifpaniolay carrying 
a Pocket Compafs, for condu^^ing him through 
the Woods •, but that being a moft defblate and 
wild Part of the Ifland he fell upon, and he igno-= 


5o4 Capt. Ba-rtho. Roberta. 

rant how to direct his Courfe, was obliged, after' 
two or three Days wandering, to return towards the 
Ship again, denying with egregious Oaths, the De- 
sign he vvas charg'd with, for Fear they ihould fhoot 
him. From this Time he hopes it will be fome Ex- 
tenuation of his Fault, that moil: of the acquitted 
Prifoners can witnefs, they entertained Jeaioufies 
of him, and Roberts would not admit him into his 
Secrets ^ and withal, that Captain Cary^ (and four 
other PafTengers with him) had made Affidavit of 
his having been forced from his Employ, which 
tho' he could not produce, yet he humbly hoped 
the Court would think highly probable from the 
Circumftances offered. 

On the whole, the Court was of Opinion Ar- 
tifts had the beft Pretenfion to the Plea of Force, 
from the Keceility Py rates are fometimes under 
of engaging fuch, and that many Parts of his own 
Defence had been confirmed by the Evidence, who 
had aiferted he aO:ed with ReluO:ance, and had 
expreffed a Concern and Trouble for the little 
Hopes remained to him, of extricating himfelf. 
That he had ufed all Prilbners (as they were called) 
well, at the hazard of ill Ufage to himfelf. That 
he had not in any military Capacity ailifted their 
Robberies. That he had twice endeavoured his 
Eicape, with the utmoft Danger, ylcquhied him. 

Captain "James Slyrm* 

IT appeared from the Evidence of feveral Pri- 
foners acquitted, that this Sliyrm commanded 
the Ranger^ in that Defence ihe made againfl the 
King s Ship •, that he ordered the Men to their 
Quarters, and the Guns to be loaded and fired, 
having a Sword in his Hand, to enforce thofe Com- 
mands ^ and beat fuch to their Duty whom he 
cfpied any way negligent or backward. That 
altho' he had lofl a Leg in the Adion, his Temper 


Capt. Bartho. Robei^ts* 30$ 

was fo warm, as to refufe going off the Deck, till he 
found all was loft. 

In his Defence, he fays, he was forced from a 
Mate's Employ on Board a Sloop calPd the Greyhoundy 
of St. Chriftofhersy OB, 1720. The Py rate having drub- 
bed him, and broke his Head, only for offering 
to go away when that Sloop was difmilTed. Cuftom. 
and Succefs had fince indeed blunted, and, in fbme 
Meafure, worn out the Senfe of Shame ^ but that; 
he had really for feveral Months pafl been fick, and 
difqualified for any Duty, and though Roberts had 
forced him on this Expedition much againft hia 
Will, yet the Evidence muft be fenfible, the Title 
of Captain gave him no Pre-eminence, for he could 
not be obeyed, though he had often called to them, 
to leave off their Fire, when he perceived it to be 
the King's Ship. 

The Sickneft he alledged, but more efpecially the 
Circumftance of lofing his Leg, were Aggravations 
of his Fault, fhewing him more alert on fuch 
Occafions, than he was now willing to be thought : 
As to the Name of Captain, if it were allowed to 
give him no Precedence out of Battle, yet here 
it wa5 proved a Title of Authority *, fuch an Au- 
thority as could direft an Engagement againft the 
King's Colours, and therefore he was in the high- 
eft Degree, Guilty, 

"John Walden, 

CAptain ^ohn Traherrij and George Fenn^ depofed, 
the Prifoner to be one of the Number, who, 
in an open Boat, pyratically alTailed, and took their 
Ship, and was remarkably bufy at Mifchief, ha- 
ving a Pole-Ax in his Hand, which ferved him 
inftead of a Key, to all the lock'd Doors and 
Boxes he come nigh : Alfo in particular, he cut 
the Cable of our Ship, when the other Pyratea 
were willing, and bufied at heaving up the Anchor 

5o6 Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

faying, Captain, what fignifies this Trouble of To 
Hope^ and draining in hot Weather ^ there are 
more Anchors at London^ and befides, your Ship is 
to be burnt. 

William Smithy (a Prifoner acquitted,) fays Wal^ 
den was known among the Py rates moftly, by the 
JNick-Name of Mifs Nanney (ironically its pre- 
fumed from the Hardnefs of his Temper) that he 
was one of the twenty who voluntarily came on 
Board the Ranger ^ in the Chrxe ilie made out af- 
ter the Swallow^ and by a Shot from that Ship, loft 
his Leg •, his Behaviour in the Fight, till then, be- 
ing bold and daring. 

The Trefident, called for Harry Glashy^ and bid 
him relate a Character of the Prifoner, and what 
Cuftom was among them, in Relation to thefe vo- 
luntary Expeditions, out of their proper Ship *, 
and this of going on Board the Ranger^ m par- 

And he gave in for Evidence, that the Prifoner 
was looked on as a brisk Hand, {i. e, as he farther 
explained it, aftanch Pyrate, a great Roguej that 
when the Swallow firft appeared in Sight, every one 
was willing to believe her a Vortugiicfe^ becaufe Su- 
gar was very much in Demand, and had made fome 
Jarring and DiiTention between the two Compa- 
nies, (the Fortune'?, People drniking Punch, when 
the Rangers could not^ that Robert s^ on Sight of the 
SwalloWy hailed the nevV'^^w^^r, and bid them right 
Ship, and get under Sail*, there is, fays he. Sugar 
in the Oihng, bring it in, that we may have no 
more Mumbling ^ ordering at the fame Time the 
Word to be pafs'd among the Crew, xvho would 
go to their Ailiftance, and immediately the Boat 
was full of Men, to tranlport themfeives. 

Vrefidcnt, Then every one that goes on Board of 
any Prize, does it voluntarrily ? Or were there here 
any other Reafons for it ? ' 


H. Glaihy. Every Man is commonly called by Lifl-^ 
und infifi?3 in his Turn, to go on Board of a Prize^ 
becaufe they then are allowed a Shift o^ Cloaths, 
(the beft they can find) over and above the Divi-* 
dend from the Robbery, and this they are fo far 
from being compelled to, that it often becomes 
the Occafion of Contefl: and Qiiarrel amongft them • 
But in the prefent, or fuch like Cafes, where there 
appears a Prorpe£l: of Trouble, the Lazy and Time-* 
rous are often willing to decline this Tarn, and 
yield to their Betters, who thereby eftablilh a grea- 
ter Credit. 

The Prifoner, and the reil: of thofe Men whd 
went from the Fortune on Board the Ranger, to af- 
fift in this Expedition, were Voliintiers, and the 
trufliefl Men among us. 

Trejident. Were there no jealoufies o" the Ranger ^ 
leaving you in this Chace, or at any other Time^ in 
order to furrender ? 

H. Glashy. Moft of the Rdtiger'^s Crew were frefh 
Men, Men who had been enter'd only fmce their 
being on the Coall: of Gziiney, and therefore had noc 
fo liberal a Share in frefli Provifions, or Wine, as 
the Fort-uneh People, who thought thev had born the 
Butthsti and Heat of the Day, which had given 
Occaiion indeed to fome Grumblings and Whif- 
pers, as tho' they would take an Opportunity to 
leave us, but we never fuppofed Cif they did) ic 
would be with any other Defign then fetting up for 
themfelves, they having (many of them) behaved 
, with greater Severity than the old Standers. 

The Prifoner appeared undaunted, and rather 
Iblicitous, about refling his Stump, than giving 
any Anfwer to the Court, or making any Defence 
for himfelf, till called upon •, then he related in a 
carelefs, or rather hopelefs Manner, the Circum- 
llances of his firfl Entrance, being forced, he fiid, 
out of the Bleffmz of L€mmin<Tton^ at NewfoundtarJ^ 

U 2 abouc 

3o8 Capt. BAnTHO. Roberts. 

about T 2 Months paft *, this, he is fure, moft of the 
old Py rates knew, and that he was for Ibme Time 
as fick of the Change as any Man ^ but Cuftom and 
£]* Ccmpany had altered him, owning very frankly, 
th'Jt Le was at the Attack, and taking of the King 
SdomrjH^ that he did cut her Cable, and that none 
were forced on thole Occalions. 

As to the I aft Expedition in the Ranger^ he con- 
feffes he went on Board of her, but that it was by 
Rohe'ts\ Order ^ and in the Chace loaded one Gun, 
to bring her to, but when he faw it was a Bite, he 
declared to his Comrades, that it was not worth 
while to refift, forbore firing, andaififted to reeve 
the Braces, in order, if they could, to get away, in 
wh'ch fort of Service he was bufied, when a Shot 
from the Man of War took off his Leg : And be- 
ing asked, that fuppofmg the Chace had proved a 
P&nuguefe ? Why then, fays he, I dont know what 
I raight have done, intimating withal, that every 
Body then would have been ready enough at 
pltttideriug. Guilty. 

Teter Scudamore. 

H^4rry Glashy^ 'Jo, IVingfieldy and Nicholas Brattky 
Ah^o^e thus much, as to his being a Voluntier 
with the Py rates, from Gapt. Rolls y at Calabar. Fir ft. 
That he quarrelled with Moody^ (one of the Heads 
of the Gang) and fought with him, becaufe he 
oppofed his going, asking Rolls^ in a leering man^ 
ner, whether he would not be fo kind, as to put 
liim into the Gazjette, when he came Home. And, 
at another Time, when he was going from the 
FyraceShip, in his Boat, a Turnado arofe, / xpijhy 
^Y% he, the Rafcal may he drowned^ for he is a great 
R,tfUi^^ tifjd has endeofv^ured to do me all the ill Offices he 
emU ammg theft Gentlemen^ ( i, e. Py rates. ) 

Aiid (ecoadly. That he had ftgned the Py rate's 
Artkf45S with a great deal of Alacrity^ and gloried 


C^pu Bart HO. Roberts. 309 

in having been the firft Surgeon that had done fo^ 
(for before this, it was their Cuftom to change 
their Surgeons, when they defired it, after ha- 
ving ferved a Time, and never obh'ged them to 
fign, but he was relblved to break thro' this^ for 
the good of thofe who were to follow,) fwearing im- 
mediately upon ic, he was now, he hoped, as great a 
Rogue as any of them. 

Captain jo. Traherrij and George Wenn^ his Mate, 
depofed, the Prilbner to have taken out of the 
King Solomon^ their Surgeon's capital Inftruments, 
ibme Medicines, and a Back-Gammon Table \ which 
latter became the Means of a Qiiarrel between one 
Wine on ^ and he, whofe Property they Ihould be, and 
were yielded to the Prifoner. 

^0. Sharps Mafter of the Eliz,abethy heard the 
Prifoner ask Roberts leave to force Comry^ his Sur- 
geon, from him, which was accordingly done, and 
with him, carried alfo fome of the Ship\s Medi- 
cines : But what gave a fuller Proof of the difho- 
nefty of his Principles, was, the treacherous De- 
fign he had formed of running away with the 
Prize, in her Paifage to Cape Corfoy though he had 
been treated with all Humanity, and very unlike 
a Prifoner, on \ccount of his Employ and better 
Education, which had rendred him iefs to be fui^ 

Mr, Childj (acquitted^ depos'd, that in their PaA 
fage from the of St. Thomas, in the Fortme 
Prize, this Prifoner was feveral Times tempting 
him, into Meafures of rifing with the Negroes, 
and killing the Swallow's People, fhewing him, 
how eafily the white Men might be demoliihed, 
and a new Company railed at AngoUy and that 
Part ot the Coaft, for^ fays he, / nnderjland how to 
navigate a Shtpy and can foon teach you to fteer ^ 
and is it not better to do thisy than to go back to 
Cape-Corfb, and be hanged and Sun-dryed .? To 

"U 3 wliich 

gio Capt. Bartho. Robertsv 

which the Deponent replying, he was not afraid 
of being hanged, Scudamore bid him be ftill, and no 
Harm Ihould come to him ^ but before the next 
Pay-Evening, which was the defigned Time of 
executing this Projed, the Deponent dilcovered it 
to the Officer, and aflured him, Scz^damore had been 
talking all the prcceeding >iight to the Negroes, in 
uin^olan Language. 

Jfaac Burnet heard the Prifoner ask James Harris^ 
a Fyrate, (left with the wounded in the Prize,) 
whether he. was willing to come into the Pro) eO: of 
running away with the Ship, and endeavour the 
raifing of a new Company, but turned tlie Dif- 
cpurfe to Horfe-Racing, as the Deponent crept 
nigher ^ he acquainted the Officer with what he 
had heyrd, who kept the People under Arms all 
>>^ight, their Apprehenfions of the Negroes not be- 
ing groundlefs ^ for many ot them having lived a 
long Time in this pyratical Way,vvere, by the thin 
Commons they were now reduced to, as ripe for 
IVli (chief as any. 

The Prifoner in his Defence faid, he was a forced 
Man from Captain Rolls^ in OMer laft, and if he 
had not ihewn fuch a Concern as became him, at 
the Alteration, he muft remark the Occafion to 
be, the Diiagreement and Enmity between^ them -^ 
but that both Roberts^ and f^al. jjljplant, threatened 
him into figning their Articles, and that h^ did it 
in Terror. 

The King Sclomorj^ and ^Uz^aketh Medicine-Cliefl, 
he owns he plundered, by Order of Hunter^ the 
then chief Surgeon, whp, by the Py rates Laws, 
always direQ:s in this Province, and Mr- Childy 
(tho' acquitted) had by the fame Orders taken 
out a whole frtW^ Medic ine-Cheft, which he muft 
ht feniible for me, as well as for himfelf, we nei- 
ther of us dared to have denied^ it was their 
being the proper Judges, made fo ungrateful, an 

• ' Office 

Citpt. Bartho. Roberts, 311 

Office impoied. IF after this he v/as ele8:ed chief 
Surgeon himfelf, both Comry and Wllfon were leC 
up alio, and it might have been their Chance to 
have carried it, and as much out of their Power 
to have refuied. 

As to the (Attempt of riiiiig and running away 
with the Prize, he denies it altogether as untrue ; 
a few fooliili Words, but only by Way of Suppo- 
fition, that \i the Negroes iliould take it in their 
Heads (confidering the Weaknefs, and ill look-out 
that was kept ^ ) it would have been an eafy 
Matter, in his Opinion for them to have done it • 
but that he encouraged fuch a Thing, was flUfe, 
his talking to them in the Angolan Language, was 
only a Way of fpending his 1 ime, and trying his 
Skill to tell twenty, he being incapable of fur- 
ther Talk. As to his underftanding Navigation, 
he had frequently acknowledged it to the Deponent 
Chlldj and wonders he fhould now fb circumfran- 
tiate this Skill againll: him. Guilty » 

Robert Johnfon. 

IT appeared to the Court, that the Prifoner was 
one oi the twenty Men, in that Boat of the 
Py rates, which afterwards robb'd the King Solomon^ 
at an Anchor near Cape Appollonia : That all Py- 
rates on this, and the like bervice, were Volun- 
tiers, and he, in particular, had contefted his going 
on Board a fecond Time, tho"* out of his Turn. 

The Prilbner in his Defence, called for Harry 
Clashy^ who witnelled to his being fo very drunk, 
wliCn he firft came among their Crew, that they 
were forced to hoift him out of one Ship into 
the other, with a Tackle, and therefore without 
his Confent ;, but had fnice been a trufiy Man, and 
was placed to the Helm, in that running Battle 
they made with the Swallow. 

U4 H^ 

512 Capu Bartho. Roberts. 

He infiftedfor himfelf likewife, on Captain Tar* 
f^e'/s AiEdavit of his being forced, on which others 
(his Sh'p-mates) had been cleared. 

The Court confidering the Partiah'ty that might 
be objected in acquitting one, and condemning 
another of the fame {landing, thought fit to re* 
mark it as a clear Teftimony of their Integrity, 
that their Care and Indulgence to each Man, in 
allowing his particular Defence, was to exempt 
from the Rigour of the Law, fuch, who it muft be 
allowed, would have flood too promifcuoufly con- 
demned, if they had not been heard upon any 
other Facl than that of the Swallow^ and herein what 
could better direft them, than a Charader and 
Behaviour from their own AiTociates ^ for tho' 
a voluntarv Entry with the Pyrates may be doubt- 
ful, yet his confequent Anions are not, and it is 
not fo material how a Mnn comes among Pyrates, as 
how he atts when he is there. Guilty. 

George Wilfon. 

JOHN SlMrpy Mafter of the EUz^ahethy m which 
Ship the Pr i foner was PaiTenger, and fell a fecond 
Time into the Pyrates Hands, depofes, that he 
took the faid IVilfoji off from Scftos^ en this Coafl, 
paying to the Negroes for his Ranibm, the Value 
of three Pound five Shillings in Goods, for which 
he had taken a Nore, that he thought he had done 
a charitable Ad m this, till meeting with one 
Captain Canmng^ he was ask'd, why he would re- 
leafe fuchaRogue as Wilfon was? For that he had 
been a Voluntier with the Pyrates, out of John 
T^rlto??f And when the Deponent came to be a Pri* 
foner him-ielf, he found TJjomasy the Brother of 
th'^sjohn Taylto?7y a Prifoner with the Pyrates alfo, 
who was immediately on Wilfon s Infligation, in a 
mofl lad manner mifufed and beat, and had been 
Jfeoc, through the Fury and Rage of fome of thofe 


Capt. Sartho. Roberts. 315 

Fellows if the Town-iide, (/. e. Liverpool) Men, had 
not hid him in a Stay-Sail, under the Bowfprit ; 
for Moody and Harper ^ with their Piftols cock'd, 
iearched every Corner of the Ship to find him, 
and came to this Deponent's Hammock, whom 
they had like fatally to have miftaken for Tarlton^ 
but on his calling out, they found their Error, 
and left him with this comfortable Anodyne, Thac 
he was the honefl: Fellow who brought the Doclor. 
At coming away, the Prifbner asked about his 
Kote, whether the Py rates had it or no ? Who not 
being able readily to tell, he reply'd, it's no Mat- 
ter Mr. 5Wp, I believe I ihall hardly ever come to 
England, to pay it. 

Aditm Comry^ Surgeon of the El{z,abethy lays, that 
altho' the Priibner had, on Account of his Indifpo- 
fition and Want, received many Civilities from 
h'm, before meeting with the Pyrates, he yet un- 
derftood it was thro' his and Scudamore\ Mean^, 
that he had been compelled among them : The Pri- 
foner was very alert and chearful, he fays, at meet- 
ing with Roberts, hailed him, told him he was 
glad to fee him, and would come on Board prc- 
lently, borrowing of the Deponent a clean Shirt 
and Drawers, for his better Appearence and Re- 
ception-, he figned their Articles willingly, and ufed 
Arguments with him to do the lame, faying, 
they fhould make their Voyage in eight Months, 
to Brajily Share 6 or 7C0 /. a Man, and then break 
up. Again, when the Crew came to an Election of a 
chief Surgeon, and this Deponent was fet up with 
the others, WilfoTi told him, he hoped he ihould 
carry it from Scudaynore, for that a quarter Share 
('which they had more than others) would be 
worth looking after ^ but the Deponent milled 
the Preferment, by the good Will of the Ranger's 
People, who, in general, voted for Scudamore^ to get 

314 Capu Bartho. Roberts. 

rid of him, (the chief Surgeon being always to re- 
main with the Commadore J 

It appeared likewife by the Evidence of Captain 
Jo. Trahernj Tho. Caficly and others, who had been 
taken by the Pyrates, and thence had Opportu- 
nities of obftrving the Prifbners Condud, that 
he feem'd thoroughly llitisfy'd with that Way of 
Life, and was particularly intimate with Roberts ; 
they often fcoffing at the Mention of a Man of 
War, and faying, if they fhould meet with any 
of the Turnip-Man's Ships, they would blow up,. 

and go to H 11 together. Yet letting afide thefe 

filly Freaks, to recommend himfelf, his Lazinefs 
had got him many Enemies, even Roberts told him, 
(on the Complaint of a wounded Man, whom he 
had refufed to drefsj that he was a double Rogue, 
to be there a Iqcond Time, and threat'ned to cut 
his Ears off. 

The Evidence further afTured the Court, from 
Captain Thomas Tarltofjy that the Prifonervvas ta- 
ken out of his Brother's Ship, fome Months be- 
fore, a firfi: Tim.e, and being forward to oblige 
his new Compar.y, had prefently ask'd for the Py- 
rates Boat, to fetch the Medicine Cheft away ^ 
when the Wind and Current proving too hard to 
contend with, they were drove on Shore at Cape 

The Prifoner called for JV/Jiiam Barlings and Samu- 
el Mor-wely (acquitted) and Nicholas Butler. 

William Darling depofed, the firil: Time the Pri- 
foner fell into their Hands, Roberts miflook him for 
'tj?. Tarltofi the Mafter, and being informed itvs^as the 
Surceon who came to reprefent him., (then indif^ 
pofed,) he prefently fwore he Hiould be his Mefs- 
-Mate, to which Wilfon reply 'd, he hopM not, he had 
a Wife and Child, which the other laughed at ^. 
and that he had been two Days on Board, before he 


Capt. Bart HO. Roberts. 315 

went ill that Boat, which was drove on Shore at 
Cape Montz^erado, And at his fecond coming, in 
the Eliz,abethy he heard Roberts order he iliould be 
brought oil Board in the firft Boat. 

Samuel Morwel fays, that he has heard him be- 
wail his Condition, while on Board the Pyrate, 
and defired one Thomas^ to ufe, his" Interefl with 
Roberts^ for a Difcharge, faying^, his Employ, and 
the little Fortune he had left at Home, would, he 
hop'd, exempt him the further Trouble of feeking 
his Bread at Sea. • 

Nicholas Butler^ who had remained with the Py- 
rates about 48 Hours, when they took the French 
Ships at Whydah, depofes, that in this Space the 
Prilbner addrelied him in the French Language, feve- 
ral Times, deploring the Wretchednefs and ill For- 
tune of being confined in fuch Company. 

The Prifoner defiring Liberty of two or three 
Qiiefiions, ask'd, whether or no he had not expo- 
ftulated with Roberts^ for a Reafon oi his obliging 
Surgeons to fign their Articles, when heretofore 
they did not •, Whether he had not expreiled him- 
lelf , glad of having formerly efcaped from them ? 
Whether he had not faid, at taking the Ships 
in Whydah Road, that he could like the Sport, 
were ic lawful ? And whether if he had not told 
Jiim, Ihould the Company dlfcharge any Surgeon, 
that he would infill: on it as his Turn ? The Depo- 
nent anfWered, Yes, to every Quefiion feparately ; 
and far the r^ that he believes Scudamore had not feen 
Wilfon when he (irft came and found him out of the 

, He added, in his own Defence, that being Surgeon 
withfO^e "johnTarltoVyO^ Leverpool, he was met a firil 
Time on this Coall: oiGidney^ by Roberts the Pyrate ^ 
who, after a Day or two, told him, to his Sorrow, 
that he was to ftay there, and ordered him to fetch 
his Cheft, (not Medicines, as alferted,) which Op- 
port u- 

5i6 Capt. Bart HO. Roberts. 

portuin'ty he took to make his Efcape; for the 
Boat's Crew happenins; to confift of five French and 
One Engti^j Man, all as willing as himfelf, they 
agreed to pulh the Boat on Shore, and truft them- 
felves with the Negroes of Cape Momz^erado: Hazar- 
dous, not only in Refpeft of the dangerous Seas 
that run there, but the Inhumanity of the Natives, 
who lometimes talxe a liking to humane CarcalTes. 
Here he remained five Months, till Thomas Tarltoriy 
Brother to his Captain chai.ced to put in the Road 
for Trade, to whom he reprefented his Hardiliips 
nnd ftarviiig Condition ; but was, in an unchriltiaa 
Manner, both reibfed a Releafe of this Captivity, 
or (b much as a fmall Supply ot Bifcuit and fait 
Meat, becaufe, as he (aid, he had been among the 
Py rates. A little Time after this, the Mafter of a 
French Ship paid a Ranfbm for him, and took him 
off; but, by Reafon of a nafty leperous Indifpofi- 
tion he had contra^ed by hard and bad living, 
was, to his great Misfortune fet afliore at Seftos 
again, whei Captain 5Wp met him, and generoully 
procured his Releafe in the Manner himfelf has 
related, and for which he ftands infinitely obli- 
ged. ^That ill Luck threw him a (econd Time into 

the Py rate's Hands, in this Ship EUz^ahethy where he 
met 'thoruas TarltoNy and thoughtlelly u fed fome Re- 
proaches of him, for his fevere Treatment ac Mont^ 
z,erado •, but protefts without Defign his Words 
ihould have had {^o bad a Confequence ; for Ro^ 
berts took upon him, as a Difpenfer of juftice, the 
Correction of Mr. T^^//^^?;?, beating him unmercifully ^ 
and he hopes it will be belived, contrary to any 
Intention of his it Ihould ^o happen, becaufe as a 
Stranger he might be fuppofed to have no Influ- 
ence, and believes there were fome other Motives 

for it. • He cannot remember he exprefled him- 

lelf glad to fee Roberts this lecond Time, or that 
he dropped thofe Expreffions about Comrjiy as 


Capt. BARTHO. ROBERTS'. 517 

are fworn ^ but if immaturity of Judgment had oc- 
cafioned him to flip ralh and inadvertent Words, 
or that he had paid nny undue Compliments to 
RohertSy it was to ingratiate himfelf, as every Pri- 
loner did, for a more civil Treatment, and in par- 
ticular to procure his Difcharge, which he had been 
promifed, and was afraid would have been revo- 
ked, if fuch a Perfbn as Comry did not remain there 
to fupply his Room *, and of this, he faid, all the 
Gentlemen (meaning the Pyrates) could witnefs 
for him. 

He urged alfo his Youth in Excufe for his Rafh- 
iiels." The lirft time he had been with them (on- 
ly a Month in all,) and that in no military Employ • 
but in particular, the Service he had done in difco- 
vering the Defign the Pyrates had to rife iu their 
•PaiTage on Board the Swallow. Guilty. 

But Execution refpited till the King's Pleafure 
be known, becaufe the Commander of the Swallow 
had declared, the firfl Notice he received of this 
Deiign of the Pyrates to rife, was from him. 

Benjamin Jejfcrys 

BY the Depofitions o^Glasby and LHlburn (acquit- 
ted) againfl this Prifoner, it appeared, that 
his Drunkennefs was what at firfl detained him from 
going away in his proper Ship, the Norman Galley ; 
and next Morning, for having been abufive in his 
Drink, faying to the Pyrates, there was not a Man 
amongfl: them, he received for a Welcome, fix 
I.afhes from every Perfon in the Ship, which dif- 
ordered him for fome Weeks, but on Recovery- 
was made Boatfwain's Mate •, the ferving of which, 
or any Office on Board a Pyrate, is at their owri 
Option, (tho' elected,) becaufe others are glad to ac- 
cept wliat brings an additional Share in Prize. 


5i8 Cdpt. Bartho. Roberts. 

. The Deponents further fay, that 2it Sierraleon evfi"- 
ry Man had more efpecially the Means of efcaping \ 
.and that this Prifoner, in particular, negleded it, 
and came off from that Place after their Ship was 
under Sail, and going out of the River. 

The Prifbner, in his Defence, protefts, he was at 
firft forc'd -^ and that the Office of Boatfwain's Mate 
was impoled on him, and what he would have beeii 
■glad to have relinquifli'd. That the barbarous 
Whipping he had received from the Pyrates at firft, 
was for telling them, that none who could get 
.their Bread in an honefi: Way, would be on fuch an 
Account. And he had certainly taken the Oppor- 
tunity which prefented at Sienalccn^ of ridding him- 
'fe If from fo diftaftful a Life, -if- there had not 
been three or four of the old Pyrates on Shore 
at the fame Time, who, he imagined, muft know 
of him, and would doubtlefs have ferved him the 
laniej if not worfe,' than they iincehad done W^//- 
liam Williams -^ who, for fuch a Defign, being de- 
livered up by the treacherous Natives, had re- 
ceived two Laihes thro' the whole Ship's Company.^ 

The Court obferved, the Excufes of thele Py- 
rates, about want of Means to efcape, was often- 
times as poor' arid evafive as their Pleas of beiog 
forced at firft-, for here, at Skrraleon^ every MSii 
had his Liberty on Shore, and it was evident, 
might have kept it, if he, or they, had fo pleafed. 
And fuch are further culpable, who having been 
introduced into the Society, by luch uncivil- Me- 
thods, as whipping, or beating, negleft lefs likely 
Means of regaining Liberty^ it iliews ftrong In- 
clinations to Difhonefty, and they ftand inexcu- 
labiy. Guilty. 

Jo. M^f7sfteld* 

IT was proved againft this Prifbner, by Captain 
Trahern and George Fenn^ that he was one- 6f 
thofe Voluntiers who was at the Attack and Rob- 

:Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 319 

bery of the Company's Ship, called the Jung Solo^ 
mon : That he bully'd well among them who dar'd 
not make any Reply, but was very eafy with his 
Friends, who knew him ^ for Moody^ on this Occa- 
fion, took a large Glafs from him, and threatned 
to blow his Brains out, (a favourite Phrafe widi 
thefe Pyrates) if he muttered at it. 

From others acquitted, it likewife appeared, that 
he was at firft a Voluntier among them, from an 
iiland calPd Dominlco^ in the Wefi-Indiesy and had 
to recommend himielf, told them, he was a Defer- 
ter from the Rofe Man of War, and before that, 
had been on the High-Way ^ he was always drunk, 
they faid, and fo bad at the Time they met with 
the Swallow J that he knew nothing- of the Aftlon, 
but came up vapouring with his Cutlafh, after 
the Fortune had ilruck her Colours, to know who 
would go on Board the Prizes and it was fbme 
Time before they could perfwade him into the 
Truth of their Condition. 

He could lay little in Defence of himielf, ac- 
knowledg'd this latter Partof Drunkennefs ; a Vice, 
he fays, that had too great a Share in infnaring him 
into this Courfe of Life, and had been a greater Mo« 
live with him- than Gold. Guilty. 

WilUam Davis, 

William Allen depofed, he knew this Prifbner 
at Sierr^leon, belonging to the Jnn Galley ; 
that he had a Quarrel with, and beat the Mate of 
that Ship, for which Cas he faid) being afraid to 
return to his Duty, he con for ted to the idle Cu- 
fioms and Ways of living among .the Negroes, 
from whom he received a Wife, and ungratefully 
ibid her, one Evening, for fome Punch to qiiench 
his Thirft. After this, having, put himfelf under 
the PioteOiion of Mr. Plunkty Governor there for 
the Royal Jfrlcm Company : The Relations and 


'520 Capt. Bartho. Rob EFTS!. 

Friends of the Woman, apply 'd to him fl)r Re- 
drefs, who immediately furrendered the Prifbner, 
and told them, he did not care if they took his 
Head oft •, but the Kegroes wifely judging it would 
not fetch fo gOod a Price, they fold him in his 
Turn again to Seignior Joffee^ a Chriftian Black, 
and Native of that Place •, who expefted and agreed 
for two Years Service from him, on Confideration 
of what he had disburfed, for the Redemption of 
the Woman : But long before the Expiration of this 
Time, Roberts came into Sierraleon River, where the 
Prifbner, (as Seignior Jojfee aifured the Deponent^) 
entered a Voluntier with them. 

The Deponent further corroborates this Part of 
the Evidence *, in that he being obliged to call at 
Cape Mount^ in his PafTage down hither, met there 
with two Deferters from j^o^^rf/s Ship, WhoafTured 
him of the fame f, and that the Pyrates did defign to 
turn Davis away the next Opportunity, as an idle 
good-for-nothing Fellow. 

From Gloihy and Lilhurn^ it was evident, that 
every Pyrate, while they ftay'd ^t Sierraleon^ went 
on Shore at Difcretion. That Roberts had often 
afTured Mr. Glyn and other Traders, at that Place, 
that he would force no Body ^ and in ihort, there 
was no Occafion for it *, in particular, the Prifoncr's 
Row-Mate went away, and thinks, he might have 
done the fame, if he had pleafed. 

The Prifoner alledged his having been detained 
againfl his Will, and feys, that returning with Ele- 
phants Teeth for Sierraleorij the Pyrate's Boat pur- 
fued and brought him on Board, where he was kept 
on Account of his underftanding the Pilotage and 
Navigation ot th^t River. 

It was obvious to the Court, not only how fri- 
volous Excufes of Conftraint and Force were 
among thefe People, at their firft commencing Py- 
rates," but alfo it was plain to them, from thefe 


Ca^t. Bartho. Roberts. 321 

two Defer ters, met at Cape Mount ^ and the dilP 
cretional Manner they lived in, at Sierraleon ; thro' 
how little Difficulty feveral of them did, and 
others might, have efcaped afterwards, if the/ 
could but have obtained their own Confents for it. 

This is the Subftance of the Tryals of Roberts^s 
Crew, which may fuffice for others, that occcur in 
this Book. The foregoing Liils, fhews, by a ^ be- 
fore the Names, who v/ere condemn^ \ thofe 
Names with a -[ were referred for Tryal to the 
Marjhalfeaj and all the reft were acquitted. 

The following Py rates were executed, according to 
their Sentence, without the Gates of Cape Corfo" 
Cafile^ within thti Flood-Mark?, vit* 

Mens Names 

Years of Habitations. 


William Mugnes 



Richard Hardy 



DAvid Symffon 



Chrifiopher Moody 


Tloomai Sutton 



Valentine Afljplant 



Teter de Vine 



William Philip 



Fhilip Bill 


St. Thomas's, 

William Main 


William Machintojlj 



William Williams 


nigh Plymouth. 

Robert Haws 

■ 31 

Tar mouth. 

William Petty 



John Jaynfon 


nigh La?ica(^erl 

Marcus John/on 



Robert Crovo 


Jfle of Man. 

Michael Maer 




322 Capt. BARTHO. RoBEKTf^. 

Croomshury in Somerfet^irc. 


Meer in WUtJlnre. 


Wilfred in Dorfet(htre. 

^llowayixi Scotland. 










Other SuMaries Devon^ire. 


Sadhury in Devonjhire. 

Speechlefs at Execution. 








London^executed on board 

the Weymouth. 
at Whydah. 

The Retnainder of the Pyrates, whofe Names are 
under mentioiied, upon their humble Petition tQ 


Daniel Harding 


W lliam Femon 


Js, More 


Ahrijhiim Harper 


Jo. Parker 


> Fhtlips 


James Clermnt 


Peter Scudamore 


James Skyrm 


John Walden 




Jo, Mansfield 


IJrael Hyndc 


Peter Leftey 


Charles Bunce 


Robert Birtfon 


Richard Harris 


Jeffph Noftter 


WdUam Williams 


-^gg^ Jacobfon 


Benjamin Jeferys 


Cuthhert Gofs 


John Jefup 


Edward Watts 


Thomas Giles 


WiElam Wood 


Thomas Armftrong 


Robert Johnfon 


George Smith 


wan am Watts 


James Philips 


John Coleman 


Robert Hays 


William Davis 


Copt. BARTHOi Robert^. 325 

the Coiirt, had their Sentence changed from Death, 
to feven Years Servitude, conformable to our Sen- 
tence of Traafportation ^ the Petition is as follows* 

To the Hojioitrable the Prefident and Judges of 
the Court of Adftiiraltj^ for trying of ?yr ate s^ 
fitting at Cape Corfu-Caftle. the 2Qth Day of 
April, 1722. 

The humble Petition of Thomas How, Samuel 
Fletcher, &c. 

Humbly fhevveth, 
^Tn//v4'T your Tetitioners heing unhappily ^ and un-^drl-^ 
I ly drawn into that wretched and deteflable Crime 
of Pyracy, for which they now (land juflly condemned, they 
mofi- humbly pray the Clemency of the Court, in the Miti^ 
gation of their Sentence, that th^y may be permitted ta- 
ferve the Royal African Company of England, in thii 
Count-ry for feven Tears, in fuch a Manner as the Court 
fljall think proper ', that by their juB PunijJjment, being 
made fen fible of the Error of their former iVays, they will 
for the future hecovie faithful SubjeEbs, good Servants, and 
iifeful in their Stations, if it pleafe the Almighty to pro» 
long their Lives* 

And your Petitioners, as in D6ty, &c. 

The Refolution of the Court was, 

THAT the Petitioners have teate by this Court of Ad-^ 
miralty, to interchange Indentures with the Captain 
General of the Gold Coaft, for the Royal African Com^ 
fa?iy, for feven Tears Servitude, at any of the Royal Afri- 
can Cow/?^??)''j Settlements in Africa, in fuch Manner a4 
he the faid Captain General JJjall think proper. 

On Thurfday the i6th Day of April, the Indentures 
hing all drawn out^ according to the Grant made to thei 

^ 2 Petiti^ 

534 Capu Bartho. Roberts. 

Petitioners^ by the Court held on Friday the 20th of this 
Jnftant ^ each Trlfoner was fent for ap, figned^ fealed and 
Exchanged them In the Tre fence of 

Caftain Mungo Herdman, Trefident, 

James Phipps, Eff, 

Mr. Edward Hyde, 

Mr. Charles Fanihavv, 

j4nd Mr. John Atkins, Kegifier. 

A Copy of the Indenture. 

The Indenture of a Perfon condemned to ferve 
abroad for Pyracy, which, upon the humble 
Petition of the Pyrates therein mentioned, was 
inoft mercifully granted by his Imperial Majefty's 
Commiilioners and Judges appointed to hold a 
Court of Admiralty, for the Tryal of Pyrates 
at Cape Corfo-Caflley in j4fricay upon Condition of 
ferving feven Years, and other Conditions, are as 
follows, viz.. 

THIS Indenture made the twenty fixth Day of April, 
Anno Regni Regis Georgii magns Br itannise, 
&c. Septimo^ Domini, MilleiTimo, SepcenteJiimo 
viginti duo, between Roger Scot, late of the City of 
Briftol Mariner J of the one Fart, and the Royal African 
Company of England, their Captain General and Com" 
mander in Chiefs for the Time beings on the other Party 
Witneifeth, that the faid Roger Scot, doth hereby co- 
'venanty and agree to^ and withy the faid Royal x^frican 
Company y their Captain General^ and Commander In chief 
for the Time beings to ferve him^ or his lawful Succefforsy 
in any of the Royal African Company'^s Settlements on 
the CoaFi of Africa, from the Bay of the Date of thefe 
Tre fent Sy to the full Tertn of feven Tearsy from hence next 
enfuingy (idly to be compleat and ended ; there to ferve in 
fuch Employment^ as the faid Captain General^ or his Suc^ 


Capu Bartho. Roberts. 325 

cejfors jhall emfloy him\ according to the^ufiom of the Coun- 
try in like Kind. 

In Conpderatlon whereof^ the [aid Caftain General^ and 
Commander in chief doth covenant and agree ^ tOj and with^ 
the fat d Roger Scot, to find and allow him Meat^ Brink^ 
Af^ar el and Lodgings according to theCufiom of the Country » 
In witnefs whereof y the Parties aforefaid^ to thefe Fre^ 
fentSy have interchangahly put their Hands and Seals^ ths 
Day and Tear firii above written, 

Signedy fealed and deliver edy in the Fre fence ofuSy at 
Cafe Corfo-Caftle, in Africa, where no fiamfd 
Fafer was to he had. 
Mungo Heardman, Frefident, ? vi/itnpfTpq 
John Atkins, RegilUr, 5 ^ ^^^'^^^^s- 

In like Manner was drawn out and exchanged 
the Indentures of 

THcmasHow of Barnflabiey in the County of Devonl 
Samuel Fletcher of EaBSmithfield^ London^ 
John Lane of Lomhard-Streety London, 
David Littlejohn of Brifiol. 
'John King of Shadwell Pariih, Lo7jdon* 
Henry Dennis of Bidiford. 
Hugh Harris of Corf-Cafile^ Devonflnre, 
William Taylor of Brifiol. 
Thomas Owen of Briftol. 
John Mitchel of Shadwell Pariih, London. 
Jo'JJma Lee of Leverpool, 
IVilliam Shuren of Wappng Pariih, London* 
Robert Hartley of Leverpool. 

'John Criffin of Blackwallj Middlefex. ] 

James. Cromhy of London ^ IVapping. 
James Greenham of Marflfeldy Gloucefierjhirc, 
John Horn of St. James's Parifh, London* 
John Jejfop of IVisbichj Camhridg^nr£. 
David Rice of BrificL 

X 3 None 

526 Capt. Bart HO. Roberts. 

Kone of which, I hear, are now living, two 
pthers, viz. George Wilfon and Thomas OughterUney^ 
were refpited from Execution, till his Majefty's 
Pleafure Ihould be known ^ the former dyM a- 
broad, and the latter came Home, and received 
lais Majefty's Pardon •, the Account of the whole 
,ftands thus. 

Acquitted, 74 

Executed, 525 

Refpited, 2 

To Servitude, 20 

To the Marjhalfeay 17 

K ' nM ^ ^^-^ ^^^^ Ranger^ I o 

"^ in the Fortune, 3 

K m the Palfage to Cape Corfo, 1 5 

Dy'd Z afterwards in the Caftle, 4 

ISlegroes in both Ships, 70 

Tptal^ 27(J 

I am not ignorant how acceptable the Behaviour 
and dying Words of Malefactors are to the gene- 
rallity of our Countrymen, and therefore fhall de- 
liver what occurred, worthy of Notice, in the Beha- 
Jiaviour of thefe Criminals. 

The firft fix that were called to Execution, 
\were Ma^nesy Moody^ Symffon, Sutton^ Ajlo^lant, and 
Jlardy *, all of them old Standers and notorious Of- 
fenders : When they were brought out of the Hold, 
on the Parade, in order to break off their Fet- 
ters, and fit the Halters^ none of them, it was 
obfervedi) appeared the leaft dejeQ:pd, unlefs Sut- 
ton^ who fpoke faint, but it was rather imputed to 
a Flux that had feiz'd him two or three Days ber 
fore, than Ff ar. A Gentleman, who was Surgeon 
of the Ship, was fp charitable at this Time, to of- 
fer h^mfelf in the room of an Ordinary, and repre- 
fenced to them, asw^ll as hewasable,theHeinoufnefs 
pf ^heif Sin, aijd Neceflity which lay on tjiem of Re- 

Capt. Bart HO. Roberts. ^77 

pentance ^ one particular Part of which ought to 
be, acknowledging the Juftice they had met with. 
They feem'd heedlefs for the prefent, fome calling 
for Water to drink, and others applying to the 
Soldiers for Caps , but when this Gentleman 
prefs'd them for an Anfwer, they all exclaim'd 
againft the Severity of the Court, and were to 
harden'd, as to curie, and wifli the fame Juftice 
might overtake all the Members of it, as had been 
dealt to them. TToey were poor Rogues^ they faid, an A 
fo hangdy while others^ no. lefs guilty in another Way^ 

When he endeavoured to compofe their Minds, 
exhorting them to dye in Charity with all the 
World, and would have diverted them from fuch 
vain Difcourfe, by asking them their Country, 
Age, and the like *, fome of them anfwered, ^ What 

* was that to him, they fullered the Law, and fhould 

* give no Account but to God ^ ' walking to the Gal- 
lows without a Tear, in Token of Sorrow for 
their pail Oifences, or fhevving as much Concern 
^s a Man would exprefs at travelling a bad Road ; 
nay, Sympfin, at feeing a Woman that he knew, faid, 

* he had lain with that B h three times, and now 

* fhe was come to fee him hang'd. ' And Hardyy 
when his Hands were ty'd behind him, (which 
happened from their not being acquainted with the 
Way of bringing Malefa£l:ors to Execution,) ob- 
ferved, * that he had feen many a Man hang'd, but 

* this Way of the Hands being tyM behind them, he 

* was a Stranger to, and never faw before in his 
^ Life- ' I mention thefe two little Inflances, to 
fhew how ftupid and thoughtlefs they were of 
their End, and that the flime abandoned and re- 
probate Temper that had carried them thro' their 
Rogueries, abided with them to the lafl. 

Samuel Fletcher, another of the Pyrates ordered 
for Execution, but reprieved, feem'd to have a 

X 4 quicker 

928 Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 

quicker Senfe of his Condition ^ for when he faw thofe 
he was allotted with gone to Execution, he fent a 
MefHige by the Proyoft-Marlhal to the Court, to be 

* inform'd of the Meaning of it, and humbly derit'd 
^ to know whether they defign*d him Mercy, or not ? 

* If they did, he flood infinitely oblig'd to them, and 

* thought the whole Service of his Life anincompe- 
^ tent Return for fo great a Favour •, but that if he 

* was to fuffer, the fooner the better, he faid^ that 
^ he might be out of his Pain. ' 

There were others of theie Pyrates the reverfe 
of this, and tho' deftitute of Minifters, or fit Per- 
ibns to reprefent their Sins, and ailiti: them with 
fpiritual Advice, were yet always imploying their 
Time to good Purpofes, and behaved with a great 
deal of Teeming Devotion and Pe-iitence ^ among 
thefe may be reckon'd Scudamore^ V/ilUams^ ThU-pSy 
Stefhenfonj Jejferys^ Lefly^ Harfer^ Armftronff^ Bunce^ and 

Scudamore too lately difcerned the Folly and 
Wickednefs of the Enterprize, that had chiefly 
brought him under Sentence of Death, from which, 
feeing there was no Hopes of efcaping, he petiti- 
oned for rwo or three Days Reprieve, which was 
granted • and for that Time apply'd himfelP in- 
ceffantly to Prayer, and reading the Scripture?, 
ieem'd to h^ve a deep Senie of his Sins,of this in par- 
ticular, and defired, at the Gallows, they would 
have Patience with him, to fing the firft Part of 
the thirty firft Pfalm j which he did by himfelf 

Armftrong^ having been a Deferter from his Ma- 
jefty's Service, was executed on Board the IVeyr 
mouthy (and the only one that was •,) there was 
no Body to prefs him to an Acknowledgement of the 
Crime he died for, nor of forrowmg in particular 
for it, which would have been exemplary, and 
made fuitable Imprellions on Seamen j fb that his 


Capt. Bartho. Roberts. 229 

lafl Hour was fpeiit in lamenting and bewailing his 
Sins in general, exhorting; the Spedators to an ho- 
neft and good Life, in which alone they could find 
Satisfaftion. In the End, he defir'd they would join 
with him in fmging two or three latter Verfes of the 
140th Pfalm ^ and that being concluded, he was, at 
the firing ot a Gun, tric'd up at the Fore-Yard-Arm. 
Bu?7ce was a young Man, not above 16 Years old, 
but made the moft pathetical Speech of any at 
the Gallows. He firft declaim'd againft the guilded 
Bates of Power, Liberty, and Wealth, that had 
enfnar'd him among the Pyrates, his unexperienced 
Years not being able to withftand the Temptation • 
but that the Brisknefs he had ihewn, which fo fa- 
tally had procured him Favour amongfl: them was 
not fo much a Fault in Principle, as the Livelinefs 
and Vivacity of his Nature. He was now ex- 
treamly affiled for the Injuries he had done to 
all Men, ai]d begg'd their's and God's Forgivenefs 
very earneitly exhorting the Spectators to'remem- 
ber their Creator in their Youth, and guard be- 
times, that their Minds took jiot a wrong Byaf^ 
concluding with this apt Similitude, That he flood 
there oa a Beacon upn a Rocky (the Gallows ftanding ou 
pne) to warn erring Marnners of Danger* 




O F 

Captain AN ST IS, 

And his Crew. 

K'jr^HOMAS Anftis fhip'd himfelf at Trovidence 
I in the Year 171 8, aboard the ^z^c^ Sloop, 

JL and vvas one of fix that confpired together 
to gooff a pyrating with the Veffel \ the reft were, 
Hovpel Dcwisy Roherts^s Predecelfor, killed at the 
Jilandof Pj-Z^r^/j DenmsTopfwg^ killed at the taking" 
of the rich Portuguefe Ship on the Coaft of Braftl -^ 
Walter Kennedyy hanged at Execution-Docky and two 
others, which I forbear to name, becaufe, I under- 
ftand they are at this Day employ 'd in an honeft 
Vocation in the Gity. 

What followed concerning ^;?/?/j's Pyracies, has 
been included in the two preceeding Chapters ; I 
ftiall only obferve that the Combination of thefe 
ilx Men abovementioned, was the Beginning of that 
Company, that afterwards proved ib formidable 
-uv.det Captain Roberts^ from whom Anftis feparated 
the 1 8th of Afrll 1721, in the Good Vortwie Bri- 
gamine, leaving his Commadore to purfue his Ad- 
ventures upon the Coait of Gidney^ whilft he re-^ 
turned to the Weft-lndles^ upon the like Defign. 


Of Capt. Tho. An ST is. 331 

About the Middle of "June^ thefe Pyrates met 
•with one Captain AiarfloHy between HifpamoU and 
Jamaica^ bound on a Voyage to New-Iork ^ from 
whom they took all the wearing Apparel they 
could find, as alfo his Liquors and Proviiion, and 
five of his Men, but did not touch his Cargo •, two 
or three other Velfels were alfo plundered by them, 
in this Cruife, out or whom they ftocked them- 
felves with Proviiion and Men ^ among the reft, 
I think, was the Jrwiriy Captain Rofsy from Cork in 
Ireland \ but this I won't be pofitiye of, becaufe 
they denied it themfelves. This Ship had 503 
Barrels of Beef aboard, befides other Provifions, 
and was taken off Martimcoy wlierein Colonel 
Doyly ofMontferraty and his Family were Paffengers, 
The Colonel was very much abufed and wounded, 
for endeavouring to lave a poor Woman, that was 
alfo a PafTenger, from the Infults of that brytifli 
Crew ; and the Pyrates prevailing, twenty one 
of them forced the poor Creature fucceilively, 
afterwards broke her Back and flung her into the 
Sea. I fay, I will not be pofitive it was Anflis''?^ 
Crew that aded this unheard of Violence and 
Cruelty^ tho' the Circumftances of the Place, the 
Time, the Force of the Vefiel, and the Number 
of Men, do all concur, and I can place the Villany 
no where elfe ^ but that fuch a Fa£t was done, there 
is too much Evidence for it to be doubted oL 

Whe.i they thought fit to put an End to this 
Cruize, they went into one of the Iflands to clean, 
which they effeded without any Difturbance, and 
came out again, and ftretching away towards Bur- 
tnudasy met with a f^out Ship, called the Morning 
Star^ bound from Guiney to Carolina \ they made 
Prize of her, and kept her fcr their own Ule. In 
a Day or two, a Ship from Barhadoes bound to New- 
JCorf:^ fell into their Hands, and taking out hei^ Guns 

332 OfCapt. Tho. An ST 1 5. 

and Taclile, mounted the Morning Star with 32 
Pieces oi Canron, mann'd her with a 100 Men, 
and appointed one "John Venn Captain *, for the Bri- 
gantine being of far lefs Force, the Morning Star 
would have fallen to Anfris^ as elder ^OiHcer, yet 
he was fo in Love with his own Yeirel, (flie being 
an excellent Sailor,) that he made it his Choice 
to ftay in her, and let Fenn^ who was, before, his 
Gunner, Command the great Ship. 

Kow, that they had two good Ships well mann'd, 
it may be fuppofed they were in a Condition to 
undertake fomething bold: But their Government 
was difturbed by Malecontents, and a Kingdom 
divided within it felt cannot ftand ^ they had fuch 
a Number of new Men amongft them, that feem'd 
not fo violently enclined for the Game ^ that what- 
ever the Captain propofed, it was certainly carried 
againft him, fo that they came to no fix'd Refolution 
for the undertaking any Enterpriser therefore 
there was nothing to be done, but to break up the 
Company, which feemed to be the Inclination of 
the Majority, but the Manner ot doing fo, con- 
cerned their common Safety *, to which Purpofe 
various Means were propofed, at length itvvas 
concluded to fend home a Petition to his Majefty 
f there being then no Aft of Indemnity in Force) 
for a Pardon, and wait the liTue ^ at the fame Time 
one 'jcnesy Boatfwain of the Good Fortune^ propofed 
a Place of Hife Retreat, it being an uninhabited 
Ifland near Cuha^ which he had been ufed to in the 
late War, when he went a privateering againft the 

This being approved of, it was unanimoufly 
refolvedon, and the underwritten Petition drawn 
up and figned by the whole Company in the Man- 
ner of what they call a Round Robin ^ that is, the 
Isames were writ in a Circle, to avoid all Appear- 

OfCapt. Tho. Jnstis. 355 

ance of Pre-eminence, and leaft any Perfon fPiould 
be mark'd out by the Government, as a principal 
Rogue among them. 

To his moflfacred Majefly George^ hy the 
Grace 6/ G^i, ^/Great-Britain^ France 
and Ireland^ King^ "Defender of the 
Faith^ &c. 

The hnmble PETITION of the Company, 
now belonging to the Ship Morning Star^ 
and Brigantine Good Fortune^ lying under 
the ignominious Name and Denomination 

Humbly Iheweth, 

THAT we your Majeflfsmofi loyal Suhjeth^ havCy 
at fundry Times^ been taken by Bartholomew 
Roberts, the then Caftain of the ahovefald Feffels and 
Comfany^ together with another Ship^ in which we left 
htm \ and have been forced by him and his wlchd Jlc^ 
complices^ to enter intOy and ferv., in the faid Company, 
as Pyratesy much contrary to our V/ills a-nd Inclinations : 
jind we your loyal Suhjctts utterly abhor ing and deteflin^ 
that impious way of Livings did, with an unanimous 
Co7ifent, and contrary to the Knowledge of the faid Ro- 
berts, or his Accomplices^ on^ or about the i ^th Day of 
April 1721, leave^ and ran away with the afore faid 
Ship Morning Star, and Brigami-ne Good Fortune 
with no other Intent and Meaiiing than the Hopes of ob- 
taining your Majefy'^s mo ft gracious Pardon, And^ that 
we your Adajefty's moft loyal SubjeUs^ may with more Safety 
return to our native Country^ and ferve the Nation, 
mto which we belongs in our refpeEtive Capacities, with^ 
out Fear of being profecuted by the- Injured, whofe Bftate's 


334 Of Capt. Tho. An ST is. 

have fujfered by the [aid Roberts and his Accomplice Sy 
during our forcible Detainment^ by the [aid Company. We 
tnofl humbly implore your Majefiy^s mojl royal AJfent^ 
to this our humble Petition, 

And your Petitioners Ihall ever pray. 

This PetltJori was fent home by a Merchant 
Ship bound to England^ from Jamaica^ who promi- 
fed to fpeak with the Petitioners, in their Return, 
about 20 Leagues to Windward of that Ifland, 
and let them know what Succefs their Petition 
met with. When this was done, the Pyrates re- 
tires to the Ifland before propofed, with the Ship 
and Brigantine. 

This Ifland (which I have no Name forj lies off 
the Southweft End of Cuba^ uninhabited, and lit- 
tle frequented. On the Eaft End is a Lagune, io 
narrow, that a Ship can but juft go in, tho' there's 
from 1 5 to 22 Foot Water, for almoft a League up: 
0\x both Sides of the Lagune grows red Mangrove 
Trees, very thick, that the Entrance of it, as well 
as the Veifels laying there, is hardly to be feen. 
In the Middle of the Ifland are here and there a 
fmall thick Wood of tall Pines, and other Trees 
Icattered about indifferent Places. 

Here they /taid about nine Months, but not ha- 
ving Provifion for above two, they were forced to 
take what the Ifland afforded, which was Fiih of 
feveral Sorts, particularly Turtle, which latter 
was the chiefeft Food they lived on, and was found 
in great Plenty on the Coafts of this Ifland^ whe- 
ther there might be any wild Hogs, Beef, or other 
Cattle, common to feveral Iflands of the Weft-Indies^ 
or that the Pyrates were too idle to hunt them, or 
whether they preferred other Provifions to that fort 
of Diet, I know not :, but I was informed by them, 
that for the whole Time they eat not a Bit of any 
kind of Fielh-Meat, nor Bread j the latter was 


OfCapu Tho. An ST is. 355 

fupply'd by Rice, of which they had a great Quan- 
tity aboard: This was boyl'd and Iqueez'd dry^ 
and (b eat with the Turtle. 

There are three or four Sorts of thefe Creatures 
in the Wefi-Indles^ the largeft of which will weigh 
1 50 or 200 Pound Weight or more, but thofe that 
were found upon this Ifland were of the fmalleft 
Kind, weighing lo or 1 2 Pounds each, with a fine 
natural wrought Shell, and beautifully clouded^ the 
Meat fweet and tender, fome Part of it eating like 
Chicken, fome like Veal, &c. ib that it was no ex- 
traordinary Hardfhip for them to live upon this 
Provifion alone, fmce it affords variety of Meats ta 
the Tafte, of it felf. The manner of catching 
this Fiih is very particular ^ you rauft underftand, 
tilat in the Months of May^ "June and "July^ they lay 
their Eggs in order to hatch their Young, and this 
three times in a Sealbn, which is always in the San4 
of the Sea-ftore, each laying 80 or 90 Eggs at a 
time. The Male accompanies the Female, and come 
afhore in the Night only, when they muli be 
watch'd, without making any Noife, or having a 
Light ; as loon as they land, the Men that watch 
for them, turn them on their Backs, then haul them 
above high Water Mark, and leave them till next 
Morning, where they are fure to find them, for they 
can't turn again, nor move from the Place. It is to 
be obferv'd, that befides their laying time, they 
come afhore to feed, but then what's very remarka- 
ble in thefe Creatures, they always refort to di^ 
ferent Places to breed, leaving their ufual Haunts 
for two or three Months, and 'tis thought they eat 
nothing in all that Seafon. 

They pafs'd their Time here in Dancing, and 0- 
ther Diverfions, agreeable to thefe Ibrt of Folks ; 
and among the refl, they appointed a Mock Court of 
Judicature to try one another for '^yracy, andhe thac 
was a Criminal one pay was made Judge another.— 

I had 

53^ OfCapu Tho. Anstis. 

I had an Account given me' of one of thele merry 
Tryals, and as it appeared diverting, I fhall give 
the Readers a fhort Account of it. 

The Court and Criminals being both appointed, 
as alfo Council to plead, the Judge got up in a Tree, 
and had a dirty Taurpaulin hung over his Shoul- 
ders ; this was done by Way of Robe, with a 
Thrum Cap on his Head, and a large Pair of Spe- 
ctacles upon his Nofe : Thus equippM, he fettled 
himlelf in his Place, and abundance of Officers at- 
tending him below, with Crows, Handfpikes, &c. 

inftead of Wands, Tipftaves, and fuch like. The 

Criminals were brought out, making a thoufand 
four Faces •, and one who aded as Attorney-General 
opened the Charge againfl: them; their Speeches 
were very laconick, and their whole Proceedings 
concife. We ihall give it by Way of Dialogue. 

Attorn. Gen. An't pleafe your Lordfliip, and you 
Gentlemen of the Jury, here is a Fellow before you 
that is a fad Dog, a fad fad Dog •, and I humbly 
hope your Lordfhip will order him to be hang'd 
out of the Way immediately. He has commit- 
ted Pyracy upon the High Seas, and we ihall prove, 
an't pleafe your Lordiliip, that this Fellow, this 
fad Dog before you, has efcap'd a thoufand Storms, 
nay, has got fafe afhore when the Ship has been caft 
away, which was a certain Sign he was not born to 
be drown'd ♦, yet not having the Fear o[ hanging be- 
fore his Eyes, he went on robbing and ravifhing 
Man, Woman and Child, plundering Ships Cargoes 
fore and aft, burning and finking Ship, Bark and 
Boat, as if the Devil had been in him. But this 
is not all, my Lord, he has committed worfe Vil- 
lanies than all thefe, for we ihall prove, that he has 
been guilty of drinking Small-Beer •, and youV 
Lordfhip knows, there never was a fober Fellow but 

what was a Rogue. My Lord, I ihould have 

ipoke much finer than I do now, but that, as your 


OfCapt. Tho. An ST is. 357 

Lbrdfhip knows our Rum is all out, and how ihould 
ti Man fpeak good Law that has not drank a Dram, 

• However, I hope, your Lordfliip will order the" 

Fellow to be hang'do 

Judge. — — Hearkee me. Sirrah, « you loufy-^j' 

pittiful, iil-Iook'd Dog \ what have you td fay wh/ 
you iliould not be tuck'd up immediately, and fet a 
Sun-drying like a Scare-crow ? -— — Are you guilty^^ 
br not guilty ? 
Trif, Not guilty, an'tpleafe youfWorlhip. 
Judge. Not guilty ! fay fo again. Sirrah,- and 
I'll have you hang'd without any Tryal. 

Trif. An't pleafe your Worfhip's Hoiioilr, fay 
Lord, I am as honeft a poor Fellow as ^ver went be- 
tween Stem and Stern of a Ship, and can hand, reeL 
fleer, and clap two Ends of a Rope together, as well 
as e'er a He that ever crofs'd fait Water ^ but I 
was taken by one George Bradley C^he Name of hiiri 
that fat as Judge J a notorious Pyrate, a ftd Rogue' 
as ever was linhang'd, and he forc'd me, an't pleafd 
your Honour. 

Judge. Aiifwer me, Sirrah, — — - HoW will jo\i 
be try'd ? 

Tr'if. By G- — • and my Country. 
judge. The Devil you will. .Why then, Gen- 
tlemen of the Jury, I think we have nothiilg to dd 
but to proceed to Judgnient. 

Attor. Gen. Right, my Lord ^ for if the Fellow^ 
fliould be fuffer'd to fpeak, he may clear himfelf^ 
and that's an Affront td the Court. 

Vr'if. Pray, my Lord, 1 hope your Lordfhlp will 
confider m . ■ , — -^ 

Judge. Confider ! How dare you talk of con- 

fidering ? Sirrah, Sirrah, 1 never confider'd iii 

all my Life. - — I'll make it Treafon to confider. 

Trif. But, I hopej your Lordlhip will hear fbme 

333 Of Capt. Tho. Jnstis. 

Ju^ge, jyye hear how the Scoundrel prates? — — 

What have we to do with Reafon ?- I'd have you 

to knov/, Raskal, we don't fit here to hear Rea- 

ion ; we go according to Law. Is our Dinner 

ready ? 

Jitter ^ Gen. Yes^ my Lord. 

Judge, Then heark^ee, you Raskal at the Bar •, 

hear me. Sirrah, hear me. • You muft fuffer, 

for three Reafbns -, Hrft, becaufe it is not fit I fhould 

fit here as Judge, and no Body be hang'd. 

Secondly, you mufi be hang'd, becaufe you have a 

damn'd hanging Look : And thirdly, you mull 

be hang'd, becaufe I am hungry •, for know, Sir- 
vah, that 'tis a Cuftom, that whenever the Judge's 
Dinner is ready before theTryal is over, the Pri- 

Ibner is to be hang'd of Courle. There's Law 

for you, ye Dog. So take him away Goaler. 

This is the Tryal juft as it was related to me -, 
the Defign of my letting it down, is only to ihew 
how thefe Fellows can jeft upon Things, the Fear 
and Dread of which, Ihould make them tremble. 

The beginning o^ jiugtiB 1.722, the Py rates made 
ready the Brigantine, and came out to Sea, and bea- 
ting up to Windward, lay in the Track for their 
Correfpondant in her Voyage to Jamaica^ and fpoke 
with her *, but finding nothing was done in Emlmd 
in their Favour, as 'twas expe£led, they return'd to 
their Conforts at the Iliand with the ill Mews, and 
found themfelves under a Necellity, as they fan- 
cied, to continue that abominable Courle of Life 
they had lately praftis'd ; in order thereto, they 
faiPd with the Ship and Brigantine to the South- 
ward, and the next Night, by intolerable Negle£l, 
they run the Morning Star upon the Grand Calmanes^ 
and wreck'd her :, the Brigantine feeing the Fate 
of her Confort, hall'd off in Time, and fo weather'd 
the Wand. The next Day Captain Anfiu put in, 


Of Capt. Tho. An^tis. 539 

and found that all, or the greateft part of the Crew, 
were fafe afhore, whereupon fhe came to an An-^ 
chor, in order to fetch them off-, and having 
brought Fenn the Captain, Philips the Carpenter, and 
a few others aboard, two Men of War came down 
upon them, tjiZ' the HeBor and Adventure ^ fb that 
the Brigantine had but juft Time to cut their Ca- 
ble, and get to Sea, with one of the Men of War af- 
ter her, keeping within Gun-ihot for feveral Hours. 
Anjlis and his Grew were now under the greateft 
Confternation imaginable, find'ng the Gale frefhen, 
and the Man of War gaining Ground upon them, 
^o that, in all Probability, they muft have been 
Prifbners in two Hours more • but it pleaied God 
to give them a little longer Time, the Wind dying 
away, the Pyrates got out their Oars, and row'd for 
tlieir Lives, and thereby got clear of their Enemy. 

The //c'^^^^r landed her Men upon the Ifland, and 
took 40 of the Morning Starts Crew, without any 
Refiftancemadeby them-, but on the contra ry,alledg^ 
ing, they were forc'd Men, and that they were glad 
of this Opportunity toefcape from the Pyrates; the 
reft hid themfelves in the Woods, and could not 
be found. George Bradley the Mafter, and three 
niore, fur rendered afterwards to a Burmuda^s Sloop, 
and were carried to that liland. 

The Brigantine, after her Efcape, fliil'd to a ^mi[\ 
Ifland near the Bay of Honduras^ to clean and refit, 
and, in her Way thither, took a Rhode Ifland Sloop, 
Captain Durfey^ Commander, and two or three other 
VefTels, which they deftroy'd, but brought all the 
Hands aboard their own* 

While ihe was cleaning, a Scheme was concerted 
between Captain Durfey^ fbme other Prifcners, and 
two or three of the Pyrates, for to feize fome of 
the Chiefs, and carry off" the Brigantine \ but the 
fame being difcovered before fhe was fit for failing, 
their Defign was prevented : HowaVer, Captam 

Y X Durfey^ 

540 OfCapt. Tho. Anstis. 

Burfey^ and four-x)r five more, got afliore with (bme 
Arms and Ammunition •, and when the Pyrates 
Canoe came in for Water, he feiz'd the Boat with 
the Men •, upon which An(lis ordered another Boat 
to be mann'd with 30 Hands and fent afhore, which 
was accordingly done ^ but Captain Lurfey^ and the 
Company he had by that Time got together , gave 
them fuch a warm Reception, that they were con- 
tented to betake themfelves to their YefTel again. 

About the beginning of December^ 1722, Anflis 
left this Place and returned to the Iflands, de- 
iigning to accumulate all the Power and Strength 
he could, fnice there was no looking back. He took 
in the Cruife a good Ship, commanded by Cap- 
tain Smithy which he mounted with 24 Guns, and 
FenUy a one handed Man, who commanded the 
Aiornwg-Star when flic was loft, went aboard to 
command her. They cruisM together, and took a 
VefTel or two, and then went to the Bahama Iflandsy 
and there met with what they wanted, viz.. a Sloop 
loaded with Provifions, from DMin^ called the Jn^ 

It was time row to think of fome Place to fit up 
and clean their Frigate lately taken, and put her 
in a Condition to do Bufmel's ^ accordingly they 
pitcli'd upon the Ifiund o^ Tobago^ where they arri- 
ved tlie beginning of Aprily'iii^y with the Amelofe 
bloop and her Cargo. 

They fell to work immediately, got the Guns, 
Stores, and every Thing elfe out upon the liland, 
and put the Ship upon the Heel •, and jufi then, 
as ill Luck would have it, came in the Winchclfea 
Man of War, by Way of Vifit, which put the Ma- 
rooners into fuch a Surprize, that they fet Fire to 
the Ship and Sloop, and fled aihore to' the Woods, 
>^//yf/>, in tlie Brigantine, efcap'd, by having a light 
Pair of Heels, but it put his Company into fuch 
a'Diibrder, that their Government could never be 



Of Capt. Tho. Anstis. ' 341 

fet to rights again ; for fome of the New-Gomers, 
and thole who had been tir'd with the Trade, put 
an End to the Reign, by Ihooting Tho. Anfik in his 
Hammock, and afterwards the Quarter-M after, and 
two or three others •, the reft fubmitting, they 
put into Irons, and furrender'd them up, and the 
VefTel, at Curacco^ a Butch Settlement, where they 
were try'd and hang'd :;, and thofe concerned in deli- 
vering up the Veirel, acquitted. 

But to return to Captain Fenn^ he was taken ftrag- 
ling with his Gunner and three more, a Day or two 
after their Misfortune, by the Man of War's Men, 
and carry'd to Antegoa^ where they were all execu- 
ted, and Fenn hang'd in Chains. Thofe who re- 
main'd, ftaid fome Time in the Idand, keeping up 
and down in the Woods, with a Hand to look out 5 
at length Providence fo ordered it, that a fmall 
Sloop came into the Harbour, which they all got 
aboard of, except two or three Kegroes, and thofe 
they left behind. They did not think fit to purfue 
any further Adventures, and therefore unanimoufty 
refblved to fteer for England^ which they according- 
ly did, and \i\OBoher laft came into Briflol Channel, 
funk the Sloop, and getting afhore in the Boat, di(« 
perfed themfelves to their Abodes. 




O F 

Captain IVOR LEV, 

And his Crew. 

HIS Reign was but fliort, but his Beginning 
Ibmewhac particular, fetting out in a fmall 
open Boat, with eight others, from iVVtr- 
7orL This was as refolute a Crew as ever went 
upon this Account : They took with them a few 
Bifcuits, and a dry'd Tongue or two, a little Cag 
of Water, half a dozen old Muskets and Ammuni- 
tion accordingly. Thus provided, they left New- 
Tork the latter End of September 1 7 1 8, but it can- 
not be fuppofed that fuch a Man of War as this, 
could undertake any confiderable Voyage, or at- 
tempt any extraordinary Enterprize •, fo they ftood 
down the Coaft, till they came to Delaware River, 
which is about 150 Miles diftant, and not meeting 
with any Thing in their Way, they turn'd up the 
fame River as high ^s Ncwcafile^ near which Place 
they fell upon a Shallop belonging to George Granty 
"who was bringing Houfhold Goods, Plate, &c. 
from Oj^foquerj'nni to ThlladeJfma '^ they made Prize 
of the moft valuable Part of them, and let the Shal- 
lop go. This Fad could not come under the Ar- 
ticle of Pyracy, it not being committed fuper ahum 
Mare J upon |;he High- Sea, therefore was a fimple 


Of Capt. JVonLEY. 545 

Robbery only •, but they did rot i^and for a Point 
of Law in theCafe^ but eaiing theb'hallopMan of his 
Lading, the bold Adventurers went down the River 

The Shallop came ilraight to Thlladelfhiay and 
brought the ill News thither, which To alarm'd 
the Government, as if War had been declared 
agalnft them • ExprefTes were lent to New-Torkj 
and other Places, and feveral VefTels fitted out 
againft this powerful Rover, but to no manner of 
Furpole ; for after feveral Days Cruize, they all 
return'd, without fo much as hearing what became 
of the Robbers. 

JVorley and his Crew, in going down the River, 
met with a Sloop of Philaielphia, belonging to a 
Mulatto, whom they call'd BUck Rohbir? \ they quit- 
ted their Boat for this Sloop, taking one o^ Black 
Robin's Men along with them, as they had alfb 
done from George Grant^ befides two Negroes, which 
encreafed the Compary one Thftd. A Day or two 
after, they took another Sloop belonging to Hully 
homeward bound, which was fbmewhat fitter for 
their Purpote •, they found aboard her, Provifions 
and NecefTaries, which they ftood ia need of, and 
enabled them to profecute their Defign, in a manner 
more fuitable to their Wifhes. 

Upon the Succefs of thefe Rovers, the Gover- 
nor iflued out a Proclamation, for the apprehend- 
ing and taking all Pyrates, who had refufed or neg- 
le£ted to furrender themfelves, by the Time limi- 
ted in his Majefiy's Proclamation of Pardon ^ and 
thereupon, ordered his Majefty's Ship Vhoemx^ of 20 
Guns, which lay at Sandy Hooky to Sea, to cruize 
upon this Pyrate, and fecure the Trade to that, 
and the adjoining Colonies. 

In all probability, the taking this Sloop fav'd their 
Bacons, for this Time, tho' they fell into the Trap 
prefently afterwards ^ for they finding themfelves 

Y 4 ia 

344 Of Capu Won LEY. 

in tolerable good Condition, having a VefTel newly 
cleaned, with Proviiions, &c, they fiood off tp 
Sea^ and fo miffed the Thmx^ who expeded them 
to be ftill on the Coaft. 

AbQ,utiix Weeks afterwards they returned, ha- 
ying taken both a Sloop and a Brigantine, among 
the Baha7na lilands ^ the former they funk, and the 
other they let go : The Sloop belonged to New- 
Tork^ and "they thought the fmking of her good Poli- 
cy, to prevent her returning to tell Talies at Home. 

Worley had by this Time encreafed his Company 
to abput five and twenty Men, had fix Guns 
mounted, and fmall Arms as many as were necef^ 
ftry for them, and feem'd to be in a good thriving 
fort of a Way. He made a black Enfign, with a 
white Death's Head in the Middle of it, and other 
Colours fuitable to it. They all figned Articles, 
and bound themfelves under a fblem.n Oath, to 
take no Quarters, but to fl:and by one another to 
f:he laft Man,' vyhich was rafhly fultiU'd a little 

Fpr going into an Inlet in North-Carolwa, to 
clean^ the Governor received Information of it, and 
fitted out two Sloops, one of eight Guns, and the 
pther with fix, and about feventy Men between 
them. iVorley had cleanM his Sloop, jind fail'd be- 
fpr,e the Carolina Sloops reached the Place, and 
fteered to the Northward ^ but the Sloops juft men- 
tioned, purfqing the fame Cpurfe, came in fight of 
Worley^ as he was cruifing ofT the Capes of ^;V- 
giniaj and being in the Offin^ he fiood in as loon 
as he faw the Sloops, intending thereby to have 
cut them off from James River ^ for he verily belie- 
ved they had been bound thither, not imagining, ia 
the lea ft, they were in Purfuit of him. 

The two Sloops f]:anding towards the Capes at 
rbe fime Time, and Worley hoilting of his black 
plagp the Inhabitants of James Town were in 


OfCapt. WoRLET. 545 

the utmoft Confternation, thinking that all three 
had been Pyrates, and that their Defign had been 
upon them ^ fo that all the Ships and VefTels that 
were in the Road, or in the Rivers up the Bay, 
had Orders immediately to hale into the Shore, 
for their Security, or elle to prepare for their De- 
fence, if they thought themfelves in a Condition 
jto fight. Soon after two Boats, which were lent out 
to get Intelligence, came crowding In, and brought 
an Account, that one ot the Pyrates was in the 
Bay, being a fmall Sloop of fix Guns. The Gover- 
nor expe£l:ing the reft would have followed, 
and altogether make Ibme Attempt to land, for the 
fake of Plur.der, beat to Arms, and eollefl:ed all the^ 
Force that could be got together, to oppofe them ^ 
Jie ordered all the Guns out of the Ships^ to make a 
Platform, and, in iliort, put the whole Colony in a 
.warlike Pofture \ but was very much furprifed at 
laft, to fee all the fuppofed Pyrates fighting with 
pne another. 

The Truth of the Matter is, Worley gained the 
Bay, thinking to make fure of his two Prizes, 
by keeping them from coming in ; but by the hoift- 
ing of the King's Colours, and firing a Gun, he 
quickly was fenfible of his Miftake, and too foon 
perceived that the Tables were turned upon him ; 
that inftead of keeping them out, he found himlelf, 
by a fuperlour Force kept in. When the Pyrates 
Jav7 how Things went, they refolutely prepared them- 
felves for a defperate Defence ; and tho' three to one 
pdds, Worley and his Crew determined to fight to 
the laft Gafp, and receive no Quarters, agreeably 
to what they had before fworn •, fo that they muft 
either Dye or Conquer upon the Spot. 

The Carolina Men gave the Pyrate a Broadfide, 
^nd then Boarded him, one Sloop getting upon his 
Quarter, and the other on his Bow ^ Worley and- 
the Crew, drew up upon the Deck, and fought 


346 OfCapt. TVORLET. 

T2ry obftinately, Hand to Hand, fo that in a fev^ 
Minutes, abundance of Men lay weltering in their 
Gore ^ the Py rates proved as good as their Words^^ 
not a Man of them cry'd out for Quarter, nor 
would accept of fuch, when offered, but were all 
'iilled except the Captain and another Man, and 
thofe very much wounded, whom they referved 
for the Gallows. They were brought aihore in 
Irons, and the next Day, which was the 17th of 
lebruary 17 18-19, they were both hanged up, for 
iear they fhould dye, and evade the Puniihment as 
was thought due to their Crimes. 




O F 

Capt. George Lomtber, 

And his C R E w. 

GEo/ge Lowther failed out of the River of 
Thames^ in one of the Royal African Comr 
pany's Ships, caird the Gambia Caftle^ of i5 
Guns a]id 30 Men, Charles Ruffel Commander •, of 
which Ship, the laid Lowther was fecond Mate. 
Aboard of the fame Ship, was a certain Number 
of Soldiers, commanded by one John Majfey^ who 
were to be carried to one of the Company's Set- 
tlements, on the River of Gamhiay to Garrifon a 
Fort, which was fometime ago taken and deftroy'd 
by Captain Bavis the Pyrate. 

In May 1 72 1, the Gambia Cafile came fafe to her 
Port in Africa^ and landed Captain Maffey and his 
Men on Jameses Ifland, where he was to Command 
under the Governor, Colonel Whitney^ who arrived 
there at the fame Time, in another Ship : And here, 
by a fatal Mifunderftanding, between the military 
Folks and the Trading People, the Fort and Gar- 
rifon not only came to be loft again to the Company, 
but a fine Galley well provided, and worth loooo /. 
turned againft her Mafters. 


48 OfCapt. George LowTHEn* 

The Names of Governor and Captain founded 
great, but when the Gentlemen found that the 
Power that generally goes along with thufe Titles," 
was overfway'd and born down by the Merchants 
and Fadors, Cmechanick Fellows ns they thought 
them) they grew very impatient and difatisfy'd^ 
efpecially Maffey^ who was very loud in his Com- 
plaints againft them, particularly at the fmall Al- 
lowance of Provifions to him and his Men ; for 
the Garrifon and Governor too, were victualled by 
the Merchants, which was no fmall Grievance and 
Mortification to them. And as the want of eating 
was the only Thing that made the great Suncha 
quit his Government, i'o did it here rend and tare 
their's to Pieces: For Majfey told them, that he did not 
come there to he a Guiney Slave^ and that he hadpromifed 
his Men good Treatment^ and Trovipons fitting for Soldiers: 
That as he had the Care of fo many of his Majefly's Sub' 
jeEfSy if they would not p'ovide for them in a hand fame 
Miinner^ he jljoidd tahe fuitable Meafures for the Prefer^, 
vation of fo many of his Countrymen and Companions. 

The Governor at this Time was very ill of a 
Fever, and, for the better Accomodation in his 
Sicknefs, was carried aboard the Ship Gambia Ca* 
f-fe, where he continued for abouc three Weeks, 
and therefore could have little to fay in this Dif- 
pute, tho' he refblved not to ilay in a Place, where 
there was fo little Occafion tor him, and where his 
Power was fo confin'd. The Merchants had cer- 
tainly Orders from the Company, to iffue the Pro- 
vifions out to the Garriibn, and the fame is done 
along the whole Coafl -^ but whether they had cut 
them iliort of the Allowance that was appointed 
tliera, I can't fay, but if they did, then is the Lofs 
of the Ship and Garrifon owing principally to 
their ill Condu^. / 


OfCapt. George Lojvtheh, 9 

However, an x^ccident that happened on Board 
the Ship, did not a little contribute to this Mis- 
fortune, which was a Pique that the Captain of 
her took againft his fecond Mate, George Lowthery 
the Man who is the SubjeO: of this ihort Hiflory j 
and who loiing his Favour, found Means to ingra- 
tiate himfel i into the good liking of the commoii 
Sailors, infonluch that when Captain Rujfel ordered 
him to be punifh'd, the Men took up Handfpikes, 
and threatened to knock that Man down, that offer- 
ed to lay hold of the Mate. This ferved but to 
widen the Differences between him and the Cap- 
tain, and more firmly attached Lowther to the 
Ship's Company, the greateft Part of which, he 
found ripe for any Milchief in the World. 

Captain Majfey was no wit the better reconciled 
to the Place, by a longer Continuance, nor to the 
Ufage he met with there, and having often Oppor- 
tunities of converfmg with Lowther y with whom he 
had contra^ed an Intimacy in the Voyage ^ they 
aggravated one another's Grievances to fuch a 
height, that they refolved upon Meafures to curb 
the Power that controuPd them, and to provide for 
themfelves after another Manner. 

When the Governor recover'd of his Fever, he 
went alhore to the Ifland, but took no Notice of 
Maffeyh Behaviour, tho' it was fuch as might give 
Sufpicion of what he defigned ^ and Lowther, and the 
common Sailors, who were in the Secret of Affairs, 
grew inlblent and bold, even refufmg to obey when 
commanded to their Duty by Captain Rujfel and the 
chief Mate. The Captani leeins; how Things were 
carried, goes affiore early one Morning to the Go- 
vernor and Fa£lory, in order to hold a Council, 
Vi^hich Lomher apprehending, was irj order to pre- 
vent his Defign, fent a Ix^tter in the fame. Boat to 
M/ijfeyy intimating \t to hlm^ and that hejlmld repair 


350 OfCapt.GEORGE LowtHER, 

on Board^ for it was high Time to fut their TrojeB irt 

As fbon as Maffey received this Letter, he went 
to the Soldiers at the Barracks^ and faid to them, 
and others, Tou that have a Mind to go to England, 
vow is yoicr Time ; and they generally confenting, 
Majfey went to the Store-Room, burft open the 
Door, fet two Centinels upon it, and ordered that 
no Body fhould come near it •, then he went to the 
Governor's Apartment, and took his Bed, Bag- 
gage, Plate and Furniture, (in Expeftation that 
the Governor himfelf, as he had ^i omifed Mapy^ 
would have gone on Roard, which he afterwards 
refufed, by Reafon, as he faid, he believed they 
were going a- py rating *, which at fir ft, whatever 
Lowther defigned, Majfey certainly propofed only 
the going to England ^ ) when this was done, he 
fent the Boat off to the chief Mate, with this Mef- 
fage, Tljat he jliould get the Guns ready, for that the 
King of Barro {2. Negro Kingdom near the Royal 
African Settlement] woidd come aboard to Dinner. 
But Lowther underftandingbeft, the meaning of thofe 
Orders, he confined the chief Mate, Shotted the 
Guns, and put the Ship in a Condition for failing. 
In the Afternoon Majfey came on Board with the 
Governor's Son, having fent ofT all the Provifions 
of the Ifland, and eleven Pipes of Wine, leaving 
only two half Pipes behind in the Store-Houfe, 
and di%ounted all the Guns of the Fort. 

In the Afternoon they weigh'd one Anchor, but 
fearing to be too late to get out of the River, they 
fiipp'd th^ other, and fo fell down • in doing of 
which, they run the Ship a-ground. Maffey fhew'd 
himfelf a Soldier upon this Accident, for as foon as 
the Misfortune happened, he left the Ship with 
about fixteen Hands, and rows direftly to the 
Fort, remounts the Guns, and keeps Garrifon 


OfCapu George Lowthef. 351 

there all the Night, while the Ship was aihore ; 
and obliged fome of the Fadory to aihft in get- 
ting her clear. In the mean while, Ri^Jfd came 
off, but not being fuffered to come on Board, he 
caird to Lowther^ and offered him and the Company:, 
whatever Terms they would be pleafed to accept 
of, upon Condition of furrendering up the Ship, 
which had no EifeO: upon any of them. In the 
Morning they got her afloat, and M^ffey and his 
Men came aboard, after having nailed up and dii^ 
mounted all the Cannon of the Fort : They put tlie 
Governor's Son, and two or three others afliore, who 
were not willing to go without the Governor, and 
laird out of the River, having (?xchanged feveral 
Shpt with the Martha^ Otter ^ &c. that lay there, 
without doing Execution on either Side. 

When the Ship came out to Sea, Lovother called 
up all the Company, and told them, it was the 
^reatefi Folly imaginable^ to think of returning to Eng- 
land, for what they had already done^ could not he J2tftify^ 
ed upon any Pretence whatfoever^ hut would he look d uj^ 
on^ in the Eye of the Law^ a capital Offence y and that none of 
them were in a Condition to withftand the Attach of fuch 
powerful Adverjariesj as they would meet with at Home \ 
for his Tart he was determined not to run fnch a Haz^ardy 
and therefore if his Propofal was not agreed to^ he de fired 
to he fet a Shore in fome Place of Safety : That they had a, 
good Ship under them^ a parcel of hrave Fellows in her^ 
that it was not their Bufmefs to jlarve^ or he made Slaves • 
and therefore^ if they were all of his Alind^ they fwuld 
feek their Fortunes upon the Seas^ 04 other Adventurers had 
done he fore them. They one and all came into the 
Meafures, knocked down the Cabins, made the 
Ship flufh fore and aft, prepared black Colours, 
new named her, the Delivery^ having about 50 Hands 
and 16 Guns, and the following ihort Articles were 
drawn up, figned and fworn to upon the Bible. 


352 Of CapU r^ORLEti 

The Articles of Captain George Lovpther, and Ms 

I. f I ^ HE Captain is to have two full Shares •, the Md- 
\ ft-er is to have one Share and a half \ the Do- 
^orj Mate^ Gunner^ and Bo at f wain ^ one Share and d 

2. He that jhall he found Guilty of taking up any un- 
lawful Weapon on Board the Vrivateer^ or any Triz,e^ hy 
-us taken J Jo as to flrike or ahufe one another ^ in any re- 
ffordy jliall fujfer what Tunifiment the Captain and Majo- 
rity of the Company jhall think fit. 

3^ He that jhall be found Guilty of Cowardiz^e^ in the 
Ttme of Engagement^ (Jjall fuffer what Punijhtnent the 
Captain and Majority jhall think fit. 

4. If any Goldy Jewels, Silver , Sec. he found on Board 
of any Prince or Prizes^ to the Value of a Piece of Eighty 
and the Finder do not deliver it to the Quarter-Majfer^ 
in the Space of 24 Hours, jljall fuffer what Punifliment the 
Captain and Majority jhall think fit. 

5. He that is found Guilty of Gaming, or Defrauding 
another to the Value of a Shilling, jJjall fuffer what Pu- 
nijhment the Captain and Majority of the Company fjdll 
think fit. 

6. He that flmll have the Misfortune to lofe a Limhy 
in Time of Engagement, jhall have the Sum of one hundred 
and fifty Pounds Sterling, and remain with the Company as 
long as he floall think fit. 

7. Good Quarters to he given when caWd for. 

8. He that fees a Sail firfl, fiiall have the be]}- Pifiot, 
or Small- Arm, en Board her. 

It was the 1 3th of June, that Lowther left the 
Settlement, and on the 20th, being then within 
twenty Leagues of Barhadoes, he came up with a 
Brigantine, belonging to Bofton, called the Charleiy 
James 2)ouglafs Mailer, which they plundered in a 


OfCttpt. G£ORQE LOV/THER. 353 

pyratical Manner, and let the VelTel go • but leaft 
ihe iliould meet with any of theStation Ships, and fo 
give Information of the Robbery, in Terrorem^to pre- 
vent a Purfuit, Lowther contrived a fort of a Certifi- 
cate, which he direO:ed the Mafter to ihew to their 
Confort, if they ftiould meet with her ^ and upon 
Sight of it the Brigantine would pafs unmolefted : 
This Confort, he pretended, was a 40 Gun Ship^ 
and cruiiing thereabouts. 

After this the Delivery proceeded to Hlffdmola ; 
near the Weft End of the Ifland ihe met with a 
French Sloop loaden with Wine and Brandy ^ aboard 
of this Veffel went Captain Majfey^ as a Merchant, 
and ask'd the Price of one Thing, and theii another, 
bidding Money for the greateft Part of the Cargo ; 
but after he had trifled a while, he whifper'd a 
Secret in the French Man's Ear, viz.* That they muH- 
have it all without Money. Monfieur ^reCently under- 
itood his Meaning, and unwillingly agreed to the 
Bargain. They took out of her thirty Casks of 
Brandy, five Hogfheads of Wine^ feveral Pieces of 
Chintzes, and other valuable Goods, and about 70 /. 
Englifijy in Money ; of which Lowther generoully re- 
turn'd five Pounds back to the French Mafter for his 

But as all Conftitutions grow old, and thereby 
fhake and totter, fo did our Commonwealth in 
about a Month of its Age, feel Commotio;is and in- 
teftine Difturbances, hy the Divifions of its Mem- 
bers, which had near hand terminated in its De- 
ftrudion ^ thefe civil Difcords v/ere owing to" 
the following Ocrafton, Captain Maffey had been 
a Soldier almoft from his Infancy, but was but very 
indifferently acquainted with Maritime Affairs, and 
having an enterprizing Soul, nothing would fatisfy 
him, but he muft be doing BuHnefs in his own 
Way, therefore he required Lowther to let him have 
thirty Hands to land with, and he would attack 

Z the 

354 Of Capt. George Lowthek. 

the Fremh SettlementSy and bring aboard the Devil 
and all of Plunder. 

Lowther did all that he could do, and faid all 
that he could fay, to diifwade Maffey from fo ralh 
and dangerous an Attempt •, pointing out to him 
the Hazard the Company would run, and the Con- 
fequences to them all, if he ihould not fucceed, and 
the little Likelihood there was to expeft Succefs 
from the Undertaking : But 'twas all one for that, 
Majfey would go and attack the Fr^^c^ Settlements, 
for any thing Lowther could fay againft it ; fo that 
he was obliged to propofe the Matter to the Com- 
pany, among whom Majfey found a few Fellovvs 
as relblure as himfelf ^ however, a great Majori- 
ty being againft it, the Affair was over-ruled in 
Oppofition to Captain Maffey , notwithftanding 
which , Maffey grew fractious, quarrelled with 
Lowther^ and the Men divided into Parties, fbme 
iiding with the Land Pyrate, and fome with the 
Sea Rover, and were all ready to fall together by 
the Ears, when the Man at the Maft-Head cry'd 
out, A Sail ! A Sail ! then they gave over the Dif- 
pute, fet all their Sails, and fleered after the Chace. 
in a few Hours they came up with her, fhe being 
a Imall Ship from "Jamaica^ bound to England ^ they 
took what they thought lit out of her, and a Hand 
or two, and then Lowther was for finking the Ship, 
with feveral PalTengers that were in her, for what 
Reafon I know not, but Maffey fo that he interpofed, 
prevented their cruel Fate, and the Ship fafely ar- 
rived afterwards in England, 

The next Day they took a fmall Sloop, an 
interloping Trader, which they detain'd yith her 
Cargo/ All this while Maffey was uneafy,, and cie^ 
clar'd his Refblution to leave them, and Lowther 
•finding him a very troublefbme Man to deal with, 
coniented that he ihould take the Sloop, laft made 
Prize of, with what Hands had a Mind to go 


OfCapt. George Lowtheb. 555 

with him, and fhift for himfelf. Whereupon Adajfey, 
with about ten more Malecontents, goes aboard 
the Sloop, and comes away in her direO;ly for Ja- 


Notwithftanding what had pafTed^ Captain Majfey 
puts a bold Face upon the Matter, and goes to Sir 
Nicholas Lawsy the Governor, informs him of his 
leaving Lowther the Pyrate^ owns, That he affified ?** 
gowg off with the Ship^ at the River Gambia ^ but laid, 
^twas tofavefo many of his Majeftf s Subjects fyom perijh- 
ingy and that his Defign was to return to England •, but 
Lowther confpiring with the greater Fart of the Company y 
went a pyratlng With the Ship \ and that he had taken thh 
Opportunity to leave him^ and furrender himfelf and Vef- 
fel to his Exc'ellency, 

Majfey was very well received by the Governor, 
and had his Liberty given him, with a Promife of 
his Favour, and lb forth ^ and, at his own Re- 
queft, he was lent on Board the Happy Sloop, Cap- 
tain Lawsy to cruife off Hlfpaniolaj for Lowther j 
but not being fo fortunate as to meet with him. 
Captain Majfey returned back to Jamaica in the 
Sloop, and getting a Certificate, and a Supply of 
Money, from the Governor, he came home PalTen- 
ger to England. 

When Majfey came to Town, he writes a long 
Letter to the Deputy Governor and DireOiors of 
the African Company, wherein he imprudently re- 
lates the whole Tranfadions of his Voyage, the 
going off with the Ship, and the A£ls of Pyracy he 
had committed with Lowther ^ but excufes it as 
Raflinefs and Inadvertency in himfelf, occalioned by 
his being ill uled, contrary to the Promifes that had 
been made him, and the Expectations he had en- 
tertained •, but own'd, that he deferved to dye for 
what he had done ; yet, if they had Generolity 
enough to forgive him, as he was ftill capable to 
do thera Service, as a Soldier, fohe ihould be ve- 

2 2 xy 

356 Of Capt. George LoTfTHEF, 

ry ready to do it ^ but if they refolveci to prolecute 
him, he begg'd only this Favour, that ne might 
not be haiig'd like a Dog, but to die like a Soldier, 
as he had been bred from his Childhood, that is, 
that he might be ihot. 

This was the Subllance of the Letter, which, 
hov/ever, did not produce fo favourable an Anfwer 
as he hoped for. Word being brought back to 
him, That he jhould be fairly hang''d. Whereupon, 
Maffcy refolved not to be out of the Way, when 
he found what important Occafion there was like- 
ly to be for him, but takes a Lodging in Alderfgate- 
Street J the next Day went to the Lord Chief Juftice's 
Chambers, and enquired, if my Lord had granted 
a W^arrant againft Captain John M^Jfey^ for Pyracy : 
But being told by the Clerks, that they knew of 
no fuch Thing •, he informed them, he was the 
Man, that my Lord would foon be apply'd to for 
that Purpofe, and the Oificer might come to him 
at fuch a Place, wheie he lodg'd : They took the 
Di regions in Writing, and, in a few Days, a War- 
rant being iffued, the TipftafF went directly, by 
his own Information, and apprehended him, with- 
out any other Trouble, than walking to his 

There was then no Perfon in Town to charge 
him with any Fa8:, upon which he could be com- 
mitted ; nor could the Letter be proved to be of 
his Hand-Writing, fo that they had been obliged 
to let him go again, if he had not helped his Ac- 
cufers out at Pinch : The Magiftrate was reduced 
to the putting of this Queftion to him, Did you write 
this Letter ? He anfwered, He did : And not only 
that, but confeiled all the Contents of it ^ upon 
which, he was committed to Newgate^ but was af- 
terwards admitted to a hundred Fouiicls Bail, or 


OfCapt. George Lowther. 557 

On the 5th of July 1723, he was broughc to his 
Tryal, at a Court of Admiralty held at the Old- 
Bally ^ when Captain Ruffel^ Governor Whitney''^ 
Son, and others, appeared as Evidences, by whom 
the Indidment was plainly proved againft him j 
which, if it had not been done, the Captain was of 
fuch an heroick Spirit, that he would have denyM 
nothing •, for inftead of making a Defence, he on- 
ly enterta-'ned the Court with a long Narrative of 
h^'s Expedition, from the firft fetting out, to his Re- 
turn to Engla-ridj mentioning two Afts of Pyracy 
committed by him, which he was not charged with, 
often challenging the Evidences to contradiO: him, 
if in any Thing he related the leafi Syllable of an 
Untruth •, and inftead of denying the Crimes fet 
forth in. the Indiclment, he charged him felf with 
various Circumftances, which fixed the FaO:s more 
home upon him. Upon the whole, the Captain 
was found Guilty, received Sentence of Death, 
and was executed three Weeks after, at Executi- 

We return now to Lowtherj whom we lefr crui- 
fmg o^ MfpamoU, from whence he plyed to Wind- 
ward, and, near Porto Ricoy chafed two Sail, and fpoke 
with them ; diey proving to be a fmall Brifiol Ship, 
commanded by Captain Smithy and a Spawjlj Pyrate, 
who had made Prize of the faid Ship. Lowther exami- 
ned inco the SfanUrdh Authority for taking an Er^glijh 
VefTel, and threat'ned to put every Man of them to 
death, for fo doing-, fo that the Spaniards fancied 
themlelves to be in a very pittiful Condition, till 
Matters cleared up, and they found their Mafters 
as great Rogues as thevnfelves^ from whom fome 
Mercy might be expetced, in regard to the near 
Relation they ftood with them, as to their Profef- 
fion '^ in fnort, Lowthsr firft rified, and then burnt 
both the Ships, fending the Spaniards away in their 

2 3 LauncJi, 


Launch, and turning all the EngUjh Sailors into 

After a few Days Cruife, Lowther took a fmall 
Sloop belonging to St. Chrifto^herSy which they 
mann'd and carried along with them to a fmall 
Ifland, where they cleaned, and ftay'd fome Time 
to take their Diverfions, which confided in un- 
heard of Debaucheries, with drinking, fwearing 
and rioting, in which there feemed to be a kind 
of Emulation among them, refembling rather Devils 
than Men, ftriving who ihould out do one another 
in new invented Oaths and Execrations. 

They all got aboard about Chnftmas, obferving 
neither Times nor Seafbns, for perpetrating their 
villainous Actions, and failed towards the Bay of 
Honduras j but flopping at the Grand Caimanes for 
Water, they met with a fmall VelTel with 13 
Hands, in the fame honourable Employment with 
themfelves •, the Captain oi this Gang was one 
Edm.rrd Lowe^ whom we fhall particularly difcourfe 
of in a Chapter by it felf : Lowther received them 
as Friendsj and treated them with all imaginable 
Refpeft, inviting them^ as they were few in Num- 
ber,' and in no Condition to purfue the Account, 
(as they called it) to join their Strength together, 
which on the Confideration aforefaid, was accepted 
of, Lowther flill continuing Commander, and Lowe 
was made Lieutenant : The Velfel the new Py rates 
came out of, they fiink5and the Confederates proceed 
on the Voyage as Lowther before intended. 

The loth of January^ the Pyrates came into the 
Bay, and fell upon a Ship of 200 Tun, called the 
Greyhoundy Benjamin Edwards Commander, belong- 
ing to Bofton. Lowther hoifted his pyratical Co- 
lours, and fired a Gun for the Greyhound to bring to, 
which fhe refufing, the Happy Delivery (the Name 
pF the Pyrate j edg'd down^ and gave her a Broad- 


Of Capt. George Lowtheb. 559 

iide, which was returned by Captain Edwards very 
bravely, and the Engagement held for an Hour ; 
but Captain Edwards, finding the Pyrate too ftrong 
for him, and fearing the Conlequence of too ob- 
itinare a Refiftance againft thofe lawlefs Fellows, 
ordered his Enfign^ to be ftruck. The Pyrates 
Boat came aboard, and not only rifled the Ship, but 
whipp'd, beat, and cut the Men in a cruel Manner, 
turned them aboard their own Ship, and then 
fet Fire to their's. 

In cruiiing about the Bay, they met and took fe- 
veral other VefTels without any Refiftance, viz» 
two Brigantines of Bofion in NewEnglandy one of 
which they burnt, and funk the other ; a Sloop 
belonging to ConneUicut, Captain Airs, which they 
alfo burnt •, a Sloop of "jamalcay Captain Hamiltcfty 
they took for their own Ufe ^ a Sioop of Virginia 
they unladed, and was fo generous as to give her 
back to the Mafter that own'd her. They took 
a Sloop of 100 Ton, belonging to Rhode Iflandy 
which they were pleafed to keep, and mount 
with eight Carriage, and ten Swivel Guns. 

With this little Fleet, viTi. Admiral Lowther, in 
the Hapfy Delivery j Captain Low, in the Rhode Ijland 
Sloop ; Captain Harris, (who was fecond Mate in 
the Greyhound when taken,^ in Hamilton s Sloop, and 
the little Sloop formerly mentioned, ferving as a 
Tender • I fay, with this Fleet the Pyrates left 
the Bay, and came to Vort Mayo in the Gulph of 
Matique, and there made Preparations to careen ; 
they carried afhore all their Sails, and made Tents 
by the Water-Side, wherein they laid their Plunder, 
Stores, &c. and fell to work •, and at the Time 
that the Ships were upon the Heel, and the good 
Folks employ 'd in heaving down, fcrubing, tallow- 
ing, and fo forth *, of a fudden came down a confi- 
derable Body of the Natives, and attacked the Py- 

Z 4 rates 

$6o Of Capt. George Lowthem. 

rates unprepared. As they were in no Condition 
to defend themfelves, they fled to their Sloops, lea- 
ving them Mafters of the Field and the Spoil thereof, 
which was of great Value, and fet Fire to the Hap- 
py Deihery^ their capital Ship. 

Lowther made the befl Provifion he could in the 
largeft Sloop, which he called the Ranger^ having 
ten Guns and eight Swivels, and ihe failing beft, the 
Gompany went all aboard of her, and left the other 
at Sea. Provifions was now very fhort, which, 
with the late Lofs, put them in a confounded ill 
Humour, infomuch that they were every now and 
then going together by the Ears, laying the Blame 
of their ill Condud fometimes upon one, then up- 
on another. 

The Beginning of May 1722, they got to the 
Weft-Indies^ and near the Ifland of Difeada^ took 
a Brigantifie, one Tayne Mafter, that afforded them 
what they flood in need of, which put them 
in better Temper, and Bufinefs feemed to go on 
well Ttgain. After they had pretty well plundered 
the Brigantine, they fent her to the Bottom. They 
went into the Ifland and watered, and then flood 
to the Northward, intending to yifit the Main-Coafl 
of America. 

In the Latitude of 38, they took a Brigantine 
called the Rebecca of Bofion^ Captain Smithy bound 
thither from St. Chriftcphers. At the taking of this 
Veilel, the Crews divided •, for Loip, whom Low- 
ihar joined at the Crarid Caiinanes^ proving always a 
very unruly Member of the Commonwealth, al- 
ways afpiring, and never fatisfy'd with the Pro- 
ceeding's of the Commander •, he thought it the 
fafefl: ^X^ay to get rid of him, upon any Terms ; 
and according to the Vote of the Company, they 
parted the Bear Skin between them : Low with 44 
Hands went aboard the BrTgantine, ?LT\di Lexcther 


Of Capt. George Lowthee. 361 

with the fame Number ftay'd in the Sloop, and 
feparated that very Kight, being the 28th of 
May T722. 

Lowther proceeding on his Way to the Main- 
Coaft, took three or four fifldng Veffels o^New-Torky 
which was no great Booty to the Captors.- The 3d 
of June^ they met with a fmall Nexo-E'/igUnd Ship^ 
bound home from Barhadoesj which 11: -od an Attack 
a fmall Time, but finding id to no Purpoie, yielded 
herfeif a Prey to the Booters: The Pyrates took 
out of her fourteen Hogfheadsof Rum, fix Barrels 
of Sugar, a large Box of Engliflj Goods,, feveral 
Casks of Loaf Sugar, a considerable Quantity of 
Pepper, fix Negroes, belides a Sum of Money and 
Plate, and then let her go on her Voyage. 

The next Adventure was not fo fortunate for 
them, for coming pretty near the Coaft of South- 
Carolina^ they met with a Ship juft come out, on 
her Voyage to England *, Lowther gave her a Gun, 
and hoiiled his pyratical Colours-, but this Ship, 
which was called the ^my, happening to have a 
brave gallant Man to command her, who was not 
any ways daunted with that terrible EiTign, the 
black Flag, he inftead of ftriking immediately, as 
'twas expe&ed, let fly a'Broadiide at the Pyrate. Low- 
ther (not at all pleafed with the Compliment, the' 
he put up with it for the prefent) was for taking 
Leaver but the ^my getting the Pyrate between 
her and the Shore, flood after him to clap him 
aboard ; to prevent which, Lowther run the Sloop 
a-ground, and landed all the IVIen with their Arms. 
Captain Givatkins, the Captain of the jdtny, was 
obliged to ftand off, for fear of running his own 
Ship afhore •, but at the fame Time thought fit 
for the publick Good, to deftroy the Enemy ^ and 
thereupon went into the Boat, and rowed towards 
the Sloop, in order to fet her on Fire ^ but before 
he reached the Veliel, a fatal Shot from Lowther's 


3^2 OfCapt. George Lowther. 

Company aOiore, put an End to their Defign and 
Captain GtvathrPs Life. After this unfortunate 
Blow, the Mate returned aboard with the Boat, 
and not being enclined to purfue them any farther, 
took Charge of the Ship. 

Lowther got off the Sloop after the Departure of 
the Amy^ and brought all his Men aboard again, 
but was in a poor Ihattered Condition, having fuf- 
fered much in the Engagement, and had a great 
many Men kill'd and wounded : He made Shift to 
get into an Inlet fomewhere in North-Carolina^ where 
he ftaid a long while before he was able to put to 
Sea again. 

He and his Crew laid up all the Winter, and 
fhifted as well as they could among the Woods, 
divided themfelves into fmall Parties, and hunted 
generally in the Day Times, killing of black Cat- 
tle, Hogs, &c, for their Subfiftance, and in the 
Kight retired to their Tents and Huts, which they 
made for Lodging •, and fometimes when the Wea- 
ther grew very cold, they would flay aboard of 
their Sloop. 

In the Spring of the Year 1723, they made Shift 
ij to get to Sea, and fleered their Courfe for New- 
"V foundland^ and upon the Banks took a Scopiier, call'd 
' " • the Swift ^ 'John Hood Mafter ^ they found a good 
Quantity of Provifions aboard her, which they 
very much wanted at that Time, and after taking 
three of their Hands, and plundering her of what 
they thought fit, they let her depart. They took 
feveral other VefTels upon the Banks, and in the 
Harbour, but none ot any great Account; and 
then Peering for a warmer Climate, in Auguft arri- 
ved at the ^Wcfi-IrJies. In their Paffage thither, 
they met with a Brigantine, called the "John and Eli- 
z.ahethy Richard Stanny M after, bound for Boftony 
which they plundered, took two of her Men, and 
difcharged her, 


Of Capt. George Lowthef. 3^5 

Lowther cruifed a pretty while among the Iflands 
without any extraordinary Succefs, and was redu- 
ced to a very fmall Allowance of Provifions, till 
they had the luck to fall in with a Martlnico Man, 
which proved a feafonable Relief to them •, and 
after that, a Gulney Man had the ill Fortune to be- 
come a Prey to the Rovers *, ihe was called the Trin-* 
cefsy Captain Wlckfled Commander. 

It was now thought necelTary to look out for a 
Place to clean their Sloop in, and prepare for new 
Adventures : Accordingly the Ifland of Blanco was 
pitched upon for that Purpofe, which lies in the 
Latitude of ii® 50 m. N. about 30 Leagues from 
the Main of the Sfanijli America^ between the Iflands 
o^Margarita2iU^ Eocas^ and not far homTortuga, It is 
a low even Ifland, but healthy and dry, uninhabi- 
ted, and about two Leagues in Circumference, with 
Plenty of Lignum Vitx Trees thereon, growing 
in Spots, with flirubby Bulhes of other Wood about 
them. There are, befides Turtle, great Numbers of 
Guanoes, which is an amphibious Creature like a 
Lizard, but much larger, the Body of it being as 
big as a Man's Leg ^ they are very good to eat, 
and are much ufed by the Py rates that come here : 
They are of divers Colours, but fuch as live upon 
dry Ground, as here nt Blanco^ are commonly yel- 
low. On the N. W. End of this Ifland, there is 
a fmall Cove or fandy Bay, all round the reft of 
the Ifland is deep Water, and fteep clofe to the 
Ifland. Here Lowther reforted to, the Beginning 
of October la ft, unrigged his Sloop, fent his Guns, 
Sails, Rigging, &c. afliore, and put his VefTel upon 
the Careen. The Eagle Sloop of Barhadoes^ belong- 
ing to the South-Sea, Company, with 35 Hands, com- 
manded by Walter Moore^ coming near this Ifland, 
in her Voyage to Comena^ on the SpamJJj Continent, 
faw the faid Sloop juft careen'd, with her Guns out, 
^nd Sails undent, which flie fuppofed to be a Py rate, 


564 OfCapu George Lowther. 

becaufe it was a ^'\^ce -vhere Traders did not com- 
monly ufe, fo cok the Advantage ot attacking 
her, as fke was then unprepared ^ the EagU having 
fired a Gun to oblige her to ihew her Colours, the 
Pyrate hoifted the St. George\ Flag at their Topmaft- 
Head, as it were to bid Defiance to her ♦, but y?)\z\\ 
they found Moore and his Crpw refolved tc- bo^rd 
them in good earneft, the Pyrates cut their Cab^e 
and bawled their Stern on Shore, which obliiied 
the EagU to come to an Anchor a-thwart their 
Hawfe, where fhe engaged them till they called 
for Quarter and ftruck \ at which Time Lowther 
and twelve of the Crew made their Efcape out of 
the Cabin Window. The Mafter ot the Eagle got 
the Pyrate Sloop off, fecured her, and went 
alhore with 25 Hands, in Purfuit of Lowther ^nd his 
Gang ^ but after five Day's leareh, they could find 
but five of them, which they brought aboard, 
and then proceeded with the Sloop and Pyrates to 
Comena aforefaid, where they foon arrived. 

The Spa^nflj Governor being informed of this 
brave A£lion, condemned the Sloop to the Captors, 
and fent a fmall Sloop with 23 Hands to fcower 
the Buihes and other Places of the Ifland of BUncoy 
for the Pyrates that remained there, and took four 
more, with feven fmall Arms, leaving behind them 
Captain Lowther^ three Men, and a little Boy, which 
they could not take^ the above four the Spaniards 
try'd and condemned to Slavery for Life ^ three to 
the Gallies, and the other to the Caftle of Ar- 

The Eagle Sloop brought all their Prifoners af- 
terwards CO St. Chrifiopher^Sy where the following 
were try'd by a Court of Vice Admiralty, there 
held March the nth, 1722, viz.. John Churchill^ 
Edward Mackdonald, Nicholas Lewis^ Richard Weft^ 
Sam. Levcrcott^ Robert IVhite, John Shaw, Andrew Hun^ 
tery Jonathan Delvey Matthew Freebarny Henry Wat- 

OfCapt. George Lowthejr. 365 

fitly Roger Grange J Ralph Candor y and Robert Willis ; 
the thiee laft were acquitted, the other thirteen 
were found Guilty, two of which were recom- 
mended to Mercy by the Court, and accordingly 
pardoned ^ and the reft executed at that liland, on 
the 2o::h of the fame Month. 

As for Captain Lowther, it is faid that he after- 
wards fhot himfelf upon that fatal Illand, where 
his Pyracies ended, being found, by fome Sloop's 
Men, dead, and a Piftol burft by his Side. 




O F 

Captain Edward Low^ 

And his C r e w- 

E Edward Lorn was born in Weftmlnfter^ and had 
his Education there, fuch as it was, for he 
could neither write or read. Nature feem'd 
to have defigned him for a Pyrate from his Child- 
hood, for very early he began the Trade of plun- 
dering, and was wont to raife Contributions among 
all the Boys o? Wefiminfter '^ and if any were bold 
enough to refufe it, a Battle was the Confequence ; 
but Low was fb hardy, as well as bold, there was 
no getting the better of him, fb that he robbed 
the Youths of their Farthings, with Impunity ; 
when he grew bigger he took to Gaming in a low 
Way, for it was commonly among the Footmen 
in the Lobby of the Houfe of Commons, where he 
ufed to play the whole Game, (as they term it,) 
that is, cheat all he could, and thofe who pretended 
to difpute it with him, mufl fight him. 

The Virtues of fome of his Family were equal 
to his ^ one of his Brothers was a Youth of Genius, 
when he was but feven Years old, he ufed to be 
carried in a Basket, upon a Porter's Back, into a 
Crowd, and fnatch Hats and Wigs : According to 


Of Capt. EDWARD Low 367 
the exa8: Chronology of Newgate, he was the firft 
who praftifed this ingenious Trick. After this, 
he applied himfelf to picking of Pockets ; when 
he increafed in Strength, he attempted greater 
Things, fuch as Houfe-breaking, &c. But after 
he had run a fhort Race, he had the Misfortune of 
ending his Days at Tyburn^ in Company with Stephen 
Bunce, and the celebrated Jack Hall the Chimney- 

But to return to Ne^, when he came to Man's 
Eftate, at his eldeft Brother's Defire, he went to 
Sea with him, and ^o continued for three or four 
Years, and then parted ^ and Ned work'd in a Rig- 
ging-Houfe in Bojlon in New-England , for a while. 
About fix Years ago, he took a Trip home to Eng* 
land, to fee his Mother, who is yet Living. His 
Stay was not long here ^ but taking Leave of his 
Friends and Acquaintance, for the laft Time he 
ihould lee them ; for fb he was pleafed to lay ^ he 
returned to Boflon, and work'd a Year or two lon- 
ger at the Rigging Bufinefs. But being too apt to 
difagree with his Mafters, he left them, and Ihipp'd 
himfelf in a Sloop that was bound to the Bay of 

When the Sloop arrived in the Bay, Ned Low 
was appointed Patron of the Boat, which was em- 
ploy'd in cutting of Logwood, and bringing it 
aboard to lade the Ship *, for that is the Commo- 
dity they make the Voyage for : In the Boat were 
twelve Men belides Low, who all go arm'd, be- 
caule of the Spaniards, from whom this Logwood 
is but little better than ftole. It happened that 
the Boat one Day came aboard juft before Dinner 
was ready, and Low delired that they might Hay and 
Dine ^ but the Captain, being in a Hurry for his 
Lading, ordered them a Bottle of Rum, and x.o 
take t'other Trip, becaule no Time fhould be loft : 
This provoked the Boat's Crew, but particularly 

3<58 Of Capt. Edward Low, 

LoWy who takes up a loaded Mufquet and fires at 
the Captain, but mifling him, fhot another poor 
Fellow thro' the Head, then put off the Boat, and 
with his twelve Companions goes to Sea : The 
iiext Day they took a fmall Veffel, and go in her, 
make a black Flag, and declare War againft all the 

They then proceeded to the liland of the Grand 
Caimanesy intending to have fitted up their fmall 
VelTel, and prepare themfelres as well as their Cir- 
cumftances would permit, for their honourable 
Employment', but falling in Company with George 
Lowther^ another Pyrate there, who paying his Com- 
pliments to Lowy as great Folks do to one another 
.when they meet, and offering himfelf as an Ally ^ 
Low accepted of the Terms, and fo the Treaty was 
prefently fign'd without Plenipo's or any other For- 

We have already given an Account of their joynt 
Pyracies, under towther as chief Commander, till 
the 28th of A4ayy ijiiy when they took a Bri- 
gantine of Bofiony bound thither from St. Chriflo- 
fhersy at which Time they parted, and Edward Lov^ 
went into the Brigantine, with forty four others, 
who chofe him their Captain: They took with 
them two Guns, four Swivels, fix Quarter-Casks 
of Powder, Provifions and fome Stores, and fo left 
Jjowther to profecute his Adventures, with the Men 
he had left. 

Their fir ft Adventure in the Brigantine, was on 
Sunday the 3d Day of June, when they took a Yef. 
fel belonging to Amhoy, John Hance Mafter, whom 
he rifled of his Provifnns, and let go •, the fame 
Day he met with a Sloop, James Cdquhoon Mafter, 
off'of Rhode ]jlandy bound into that Port, whom he 
firft plundered, and then cut away his Boltfprir, 
and all his Rigging, alfo his Sails from the Yards, 
and wounded the Mafter, to prevent his getting 


Of Qapt. £dwArd Low. 3^9 

in to give Intelligence, and then ftood away to the 
South-Eaftward, with all the Sail he could make, 
there being then but little Wind. 

Low judged right in making fail from the Coaft^ 
for a longer ftay had proved fatal to him, for 
notwithftanding the difabled Condition he had 
rendered the Sloop in, fhe made ihift to get into 
Block IJland^ at 1 2 o'Clock that Night, and imme- 
diately difpatched a Whale-Boat to Rhode Iflarid^ 
which got thither by feven the next Morning, with 
an Account of the Pyrate, his Force, and what 
had happened to him : As foon as the Governor 
had received this Information^ he ordered a Drum 
to beat up for Volunteers, and two df the beft 
Sloops then in the Harbour, to be fitted out : He 
gave Commiilions to one Captain John Headland^ 
and Captain "jchn Brown^ jun. for ten Days ^ the 
former had eight Guns and two Swivels, and the 
latter fix Guns, well fitted with fmall Arms, and 
in both Sloops I40 ftout Fellows • all this wa5 
petformed with fo much Expedition, that before 
Sun-fet, they were under Sail, turning out of ths 
Harbour, at the fame Time the Pyrate was feeii 
fvom Block Iflandy which gave great Hopes that the 
Sloops would be Matters of her the next Day, which 
however did not happen, for the Sloops returned in-' 
to Harbour fome Days afterwards, without fo much 
as feeing their Enemy. 

After this Efcape, Captain LoWj went into Port^' 
upon the Coaft, tor he had not freih Water enough 
to run to the Iflands, where he ftaid a few Days, 
getting Provifions and what Necelfaries the Crew 
wanted, and then failed for Purchale, (as they call 
It) fteering their Courfe towards Marhlehead. 

About the 12th of July^ the Brigantine failed 
Into the Harbour of Port Rofemary^ and there found 
thii'teen Ships and Veilels, but none of Force, ac 
Anchor^ they fpread their black Flag, and ran in 

A a among 

370 Of Capt.lE.DW ABB Low. 

among them •, Low telling them from the Brigan- 
tine, they fhould have no Quarters if they re- 
fifted-, In the mean Time they m^nn'd and arm'd 
their Boat, and took PoirelTion of every ore of 
them, plundered them of what they thought fit, 
and converted one to their own Ufe, vItl, a Scoo- 
ner of 80 Tuns, aboard of which they put loCar- 
rl^'^e Guns, and 50 Men, and Low himfelf went 
Captain, and nam'd her the Fancy ^ making one 
Charles Harris, (who w^s at firft forced into their 
Service out ot the Greyhound of Bofion, by Lorvther, 
of which Ship Harris was fecond Mate) Captain of 
the Brigantine : Out of thefe VefTels they took feve- 
ral Hands, and encrealed the Company to 80 Men, 
who all figned the Articles, fome willingly, and 
a few perhaps by Force, and ib failed away from 

Some Time after this, they met with two Sloops 
hound for Bofton, with Provifions for the Garrifon, 
and the Scooner coming up firft, attacked them, 
but there happening to be an Officer and fome Sol- 
diers on Board, who gave them a warm Reception, 
Low chofe to ftay till he fhould be joyned by the 
Brigantine ^ in the mean while the Sloops made 
the beftof their Way, and the Py rates gave them 
Chace tv/o Days, and at laft loft fight of them in 
a Fog. 

They now fteered for the Leeward lilands, but 
in their Voyage met with fuch a Hurricane of 
Wind, that the like had not been known •, the 
Sea ran Mountains high, and feemed to threaten 
them every Moment with DeftruO:ion -^ it was no 
Time now to look out for Plunder, but to fave 
themfelves, if pofTible, fl'om periil-dng. All Hands 
were continually employed Night, and Day, on 
Board the Brigantine, and all little enough, for 
the Waves v/ent over her, fo that they were forced 
to keep the pump conftantly going, befides baling 
- ' with 

Of Capt. Edward Low. 37 1 

with Buckets ^ but finding themfelves not able to 
Iceep her free, and feeing the utmdft Dagger before 
their Eyes, they turn'd to the Fakle^ and hoifted out 
their Proviiions, and other heavy Goods, and threv/ 
them over-board, with fix Of thth' Guns^ fo that 
by h'ghtening the VelTel, fhe might rife to the Top 
of the Sea with the Waves : They were alio go^'ng 
to cut away their Maft ^ but confideri.ig how dan- 
gerous it would be, to be left in fuch a Conditibnj 
they refolved to delay it to the lafl:, which was 
Prudence in them to do ^ fof a Ship without Mails 
or Sails, lies like a Log upon the Water, and if at- 
tack'd, mull: fight with Difadvantage, the working 
of her beings the moil artful Part of the Engage- 
ment, becaufe fhe may fometimes bring all her great 
Guns on one Side, to bear upon her Enemyj v/heri 
the difabled Ship can do little or nothing. 

But to proceed^ by their throwing over-board 
the heavy Goods, the VefTel made confiderable left 
Water, and they could keep it under with the 
Pump only, which gave them Hopes and new Life ; 
fo that inftead of cutting all away, they took ne- 
cefTary Meafures to fecure the Mafl, by making 
Preventdr-Shrowds, &c. and then wore and lay too 
upon the other Tack, till the Storm was over. The 
Scooner made Ibmewhat better Weather of it, of 
the two, but was pretty roughly handled not- 
withftanding, having fpllt her Main-fail^ Q^^'^ung 
her Boltfprit, and cut her Anchors from her 
Bows. The Brigantine by running away to Lee- 
ward, when flie wore upon the Larboard Tack, had 
loft Sight of the Scooner •, but not knowing \vhe- 
ther {he might be fafe or not, as fo'on as the Wind 
abated, fhe let her Main-Sail and Top-Sail, and 
made fhort Trips to Windward •, and the next 
Bay had the good Fortune to come in Sight of 
their Confort, who, upon a Signal, which the other 
knew, bore down to her, and the Crew were over- 

A a z ]oy'd 

372 Of Capt. Edward Low. 

joy 'd to meet again, after fuch ill Treatment from 
the Winds and Seas. 

After the Storm, Low got fafe to a fmall Ifland, 
one of the Weathermoft of the Carihhees, and there 
fitted their Yeifels, as well as the Place could af- 
ford 1^ they got Provjfions of the Natives, in ex- 
chaijge for Goods of their own ^ and as foon as 
the Bn'gantine was ready, 'twas judg'd necelTary 
to cake a ihort Cruize, and leave the Scooner in 
the Harbour till her Return. The Brigantine 
fiil'd out accordingly, and had not been out many- 
Days before they met a Ship at Sea, that had loft 
all her Mafts ^ on Board of whom they went, and 
took from her in Money and Goods, to the Valu^ 
of 1000 1, and fo left her in the Condition they 
found her : This Ship was bound home from Bar" 
hadoes^ but lofmg her Mafts in the late Storm, was 
making for Antegoa^ to refit, where fhe afterwards 

The Storm juft fpoken of, was found to have 
done incredible Damage in thofe Parts of the 
World ^ but however, it appeared to have been more 
violent at "Jamakay both to the Ifiand and Shipping, 
there was fuch a prodigious Swell of the Sea, thac 
leveral hundred Tuns of Stones and Rocks, were 
thi own over the Wall of the Town of Port Royal^ and 
the Town it felf was overflowed, and above half 
deft roy'd, there being the next Morning five Foot 
Water from one End to the other ; the Cannon of 
Fort Charles were difmounted, and fbme wafhed 
into the Sea, and four hundred People lofl their 
Lives-, a more melancholly Sight was fcarce ever 
feen when the Water ebb'd away, all the Streets 
being covered with Ruins of Houfes, Wrecks of 
VefTels^ and a great Number of dead Bodies, for 
forty Sail ox* Ships, in the Harbour, were caft 


OfCapt. Edward Low. 573 

The Brigantine return'd to the Illand, where 
ihe had left the Scooner, who being ready to fail, 
it was put to the Vote of the Company, what 
Voyage to take next-, and herein they followed the 
Advice of the Captain, who thought it not advile- 
able to go any farther to Leeward, becaufe ot the 
Men of War who were cr'iifing in their feveral 
Stations, which they were not at all fond of meet- 
ing, and therefore it was agreed to go to the Az^ores^ 
or Weftern Iflands. 

The latter End of July^ Low took a French Ship 
of 34 Guns, and carried her along with him to the 
Azores. He came into St. Michael's Road the 
3d of Augufly and took feven Sail that were lying 
there, vlz^. the Nofire Dame^ Mere de Dieu, Captain 
Roach Commander -^ the Dove^ Capt. Cox \ the Rofe 
Pink, formerly a Man of War, Capt. Thomnfon\ ano- 
ther EngUjli Ship, Capt. Chandler \ and three other 
Velfels. He threatened all with prefent Death who 
refifted, which ftruck fuch a Terror to them, that 
they yielded themfelves up a Prey to the Villains, 
without firing a Gun. 

The Pyrates being in great Want of Water and 
frejfli Provifions, Low lent to the Governor of St, 
Michaers for a Supply, and promiled upon that 
Condition to releale the Ships he had taken, but 
otherwife to burn them all ; which Demand the 
Governor thought it not prudent to refufe, but 
lent the Provifion he required, upon which he re- 
leafed fix of the Ships, fafcer he had plundered 
them of what he thought fit,) and the other, viz.. 
the Rofe Pink, was made a Pyrate Ship, which 
Low h^'mfelf took the Command of 

The Pyrates took feveral of the Guns out of the 
French Ship, and mounted them aboard the Rofe, 
which proved very fit for their Turn, and con- 
demned the former to the Flames. They took all 
the Crew out of her, but the Cook, who, they faid, 

A a 3 being 

374 Of Capt. Edward Low. 

being a greazy Fellow would fry well in the Fire I 
fo the poor Man was bound to the Main-Maft, and 
burnt in the Sliip, to the no foiall Diverfion of Lovp! 
and his Mlrmidons. 

Low ordered the Scooner to lye in the Fare be- 
tween St. Michael'? and St. Marys^ where, about 
the lorh of u^ugufly Captain Carter in the Wright 
Galley, had the ill Fortune to come in her Way ^ 
and becaufe at firfl they ihewed Inclinations to de- 
fend themfelves, and what they had, the Pyrates 
cut and ipangled them in a barbarous Manner ^ par- 
ticularly fome Tortuguefe PaiTengers, two of which 
being Friers, they triced up at each Arm of the 
Fore- Yard, but let them down again before they 
were quke dead, an4 this they repeated federal 
Tirnts out of Sport. 

Another Tortuguefe^ who was alio Captain Car- 
ter^s EafTenger, putting on a forrowful Counte- 
nance at what he faw a^ted, one o^ this vile Crew 
attacked him upon the Deck, faying, he did not 
like his Lqpksy and thereupon gave him one Blow 
a-crofs his Belly with his Cutlalh, that cut out hi? 
Bowels, and he fell down dead without fpeaking 
a Word. At the fame Tirae another of thefe 
Ilogues cutting at a Prifoner, milTed his Mark, 
and Captain Low {landing in his Way, very oppor- 
tunely received the Stroke upon his under Jaw, 
which laid the Teeth bare ; upon this the Surgeon 
was 'called, who immediately Pitched "up th^ 
Wound, but XoK7 finding fault with the Operation, 
the Surgeon being tollerably drunk, as itwascufto- 
inary for every Body to be, ftruclc Low fuch a Blow 
with his Fift/ that' broke out all the Stitches, and 
then bid him few up his Chops himfelf and be 
damned, fo that Low made a very pitiful Figure 
for fome Timo after. 

^ When they had plundered Captain Cimr'sShip, 
feyerai of them were for burning her, as they ha4 
^' ' ■ ■ • ■ done 

Of Capt. Edward Low. 375 

done the French Man, but it was otherwife refolved 
at laft;, for after they had cut her Cables, Rigging 
and Sails to Pieces, they left her to the Mercy of 
the Sea. 

After thefe Depredations, they fteered for the 
Ifland of Maderaj where miiling other Booty, they 
took up with a Fifhing-Boat, with two old Men 
and a Boy in her, one of which they detained on 
Board, but fent the other alhore with a Flag of 
Truce, demanding a Boat of Water of the Cover- 
ror, on Pain of taking away the old Man's Life, 
vvhom they threatened to hang at the Yard-Arm, 
upon their refufal ♦, but the Thing being complied 
with, the 'old Man was honourably (as the Py rates 
lay) di (charged, and all the three much handfomer 
cloathed than when they took them. From this 
Ifland they failed to the Canaries^ but meeting 
with no Prey there, they continued their Courle 
for the CaT)e de Verd Iflands, and at Bomvifta^ took 
a Ship called the Liverpool Merchanty Captain (joul* 
ding^ from whom they ftole a great Qjaantity of 
Provifions and dry Goods, 300 Gallons of Brandy, 
two Guns and Carriages, a Mafl, Yard and Haw- 
fers, befides fix of his Men, and then would not 
let them Trade there, nor at St. Nicholas, but obli- 
ged Captain Gouldlrg to go with his Ship, to the 

The Py rate alfo took among thefe Iflands, a Ship 
helow^Wi^ to Liverpool y Scot Commander-, two Tortu- 
jf^fjTf^b loops bound for Brafd *, a fmall Englijl) Sloop 
trading there, James Veafe Mailer, bound to Santla 
Cruxy and three Sloops from St. Thomas bound to 
Curajoy the Mafiers Kames were Lilly y Staples and 
Simphnsy all which they plundered, and then let 
go about their Bufinefs, except one Sloop wliich 
they fitted up for the following Purpofe, 

Low had heard by one of the above meiitloned 

Ships, that two fmall Gallies were expelled every 

A a 4 Day 

37^ Of Capt. Edward Low. 

Day at the Wefvern Iflands^ viz,* the Greyhoundy Cap- 
tain Glafsy and the "^oUjfj Captain Aram ; the for- 
jnar of which was deiigned to be fitted for the 
pyratica] Trade to Brafil^ if Things had happened 
to their Minds. They mann'd the Sloop, and fenc 
her in Queft of one or both of thefe Ships to the 
Wefrern Ifiands aforefaid, whilft they carreen'd their 
Ship Rofe^ at one of the Cafe de Ferds : But now For-^ 
tune that had hitherto been fo propitious to them^ 
left her Minions, and baffled for the prefent all 
their Hopes, for the Sloop miiTing of their Prey, 
was reduced to great Necefiities for want of Pro^ 
vifions and Water, fb that they ventured to go 
alliore at St. Michael's for a Supply, and pafs for a 
Trader ^ but they play'd their Parts fo aukwardly, 
that they were lufpe^ed by the Governor to be 
what they really were, and he was foon put out 
of doubt by a Vifit fome Tortuguefe made them, 
who happened unluckily to be Palfengers in Cap- 
tain Carter's Ship, when Low took her, and knew 
the Gentlemen's Faces very well • upon which the 
whole Crew was conduced into the Caftle, where 
tjiay were provided for as long as they liv'd. 

Lowy in the mean Time, did not fare quite fo ill^ 
but had his intended Voyage to Brajil fpoil'd, by 
the overfetting of his Ship, when Ihe was upon 
the Careen, whereby ilie was loft, fo that he was 
reducM to his old ScgLQjfi^rr which he called the 
Faf7cvy aboard of which they all went, to the Kum-f 
ber of loo, as vile Rogues as ever ended their 
Lives at Tyhurn. They proceeded new to the Weft- 
hdiesy but before they had gotten far on their 
Voyage, they attack'd a rich Tortuguefe Ship, calfd 
the iVc/?r^ Signiora de Fi^oria^ bound home from 
fahiaj and after fame Refinance, took her. Low 
tortur'd feveral of the Men, to make them declare 
xvhere the Money, (which he fappos'd they had 
pi; Board) lay^ and extorted by that Means, a Con- 

' ftilion 

Of Capt. Edward Low, 577 

feilioa that the Captain had, during the Chace 
hung out of the Cabin Window^ a Bag with i i^ooo 
Moidores, which, ailoon as he was taken, he cut 
the Rope off, and let it drop into the Sea. 

Lorvy upon hearino; vvhat a Prize had efcap'd him, 
rav'd like a Fury, fwore a thoufand Oaths, and 
ordered the Captain's Lips to be cut off, which 
he broil'd before his Face, and afterwards mur- 
thered him and all the Crew, being thirty two 

After this bloody Action, they continued their 
Courfe, till they came to the Northward of all the 
Iflands, and there cruiz'd for about a Month, in 
which Time they made Prizes of the following 
VefTels, liz.^ a Snow from New-Tork to Curacoa^ Rg- 
hen Leonard Mafter ^ a Sloop from the Bay, bound 
to New-TorJiy Craig Mafter •, a Snow from London and 
Jamaica^ bound to New-Tork ^ and the Stanhope Pink, 
Andrexv' Lelhndge Malter, from Jamaica to Boflon ; 
which laff they burnt, becaufe of Lorp's irreconcilea- 
ble A verlion to New-England Men. 

After this Cruize, they went into one of the 
Iflands and clean'd, and then iteered for the Bay 
o^^ondura^y where they arri^red about the Middle 
of March T 722-3, and met a Sloop turning out of 
^the faid Bay. The Py rates had hoifted up Spam'JJj 
Colours, and continued them till they drew near 
the Sloop, then they halPd them down, hoiffed 
their black Flag, fired a Broadfide, and boarded 
her. This Sloop was a Spaniard of fix Guns, and 
70 Men, that came into the Bay that Morning, 
and meeting there with five EngUjlj Sloops, and a 
Pink, made Prizes of them all, plundered them^ 
and brought the Mafiers of the Velfels away Pri- 
Ibners, for the ranfbm of the Logwood; their 
Karnes were Tuthill^ Norton^ Newbury^ Sprafort^ Clark 
and Pa rot. The Spaniards made no Refiftance, fo 
tjiat the EfigHpj Py rates foon became their Mafters 


378 Of Capt. Edward Low. 

and fell to rifling *, but finding the above-menti- 
oned People in the Hold, and feveral E?7glijh Goods, 
they confulted Low the Captain thereupon, and 
without examining any further, the Refoliition 
pafs'd to kill all the Company ^ and the Pyrates, 
without any Ceremony, fell Pell-Mell to Execu- 
tion with their Swords, Cuclafhes, Poll-Axes and 
Piftols, cutting, llalhing and ihooting the poor 
Spaniards at a fad Rate. Some of the miferable 
Creatures jump'd down into the Hold, but could 
not avoid the MafTacre*, they met Death every 
where^ for if they efcaped ic frora one Hand, they 
were fure to perilh by another •, the only Profpeft 
tKey had pf Life, was to fly from the Rage of 
thofe mercilefs Men, and to truii to thQ more 
merciful Sea ; and accordingly a great many leap'd 
over-board, and fwam for the Shore •, bnt Low 
perceiving it, ordered the Canoa to be mann'd, and 
lent in purfuit of them, by which Means feveral 
of the poor unhappy Men were knock'd in the 
H6ad in the Water, as they vvere endeavouring to 
get to Land ^ however, about 12 of them did 
reach the Shore, but in a miferable Condition, be- 
ing very much wounded, and what became of 
them afterwards was not known, except onQ^ who 
while the Pyrates were at their Sports and Paftimes 
afhore, finding himfelf very weak and fainting with 
his Wounds, and not knowing where to go for 
Help and Relief, in this Extremity, he came back 
to them, and begg'd for God fake, in the moft ear- 
neft Manner poiTible, that they would give him 
Quarters •, upon which, one of the Villains took 

hold of him, andfaid, G ^ d- n him^he would 

give him good Quarters prefently, and made the poor 
Spaniard kneel down on his Knees, then taking his 
Fufil, put the Muzzle of it into his Mouth, and 
fired down his Throat. 'Twas thought the reft 
did not long furvive their miferable Condition, 


Of Capt. EDTVAnB Low. 579 

and could only prolong their Lives, to add to the 
Milery of them. 

When the murdering Work was over, they 
rumaged the Sfanijl Pyrate, and brought all the 
Booty aboard their own Veffels : The fix Matters 
aforementioned, found in the Hold, thty reftored 
to their refpeftive Veffels : They forced away the 
Carpenter from the Pink, and then fet Fire to 
the Sfani^:i Sloop, and burnt her ^ which laft ^icene 
concluded the Deft ruction of their Enemy, Ship 
and Crew. 

Lcrw fet the Matters of the Veffels free, but would 
jiot fuffer them to fteer for Jamaica^ where they 
were then bound, for fear the Men of V/ar fhould 
get Intelligence of them, but forced them all to go 
to New'Torhy threatening them with Death, when 
they met them again, if they refufed to comply with 
their Demands. 

In the next Gruize, which was between the Lee- 
ward Iflands and the Main, they took two Snows, 
bound from Jamaica to Liverpool, and a Snow from 
amaica to London^ Bridds Matter • as alfo a Ship 
"rom Biddford to Jamaica^ John Pinkham Commander t, 
and two Sloops from Jamaica to Virginia. 

On the 27th of May^ Low and his Confort Har- 
risy came o{i South-Carolina^ and met w'th three good 
Ships, viz. the Crown, Captain Lovereigne, the King 
William, the Carteret, and a Brigantine, who all came 
out of Carolina together two Days before. The Py- 
rates were at tne Trouble of chacing them, and 
Captain Lovereigne being the tternmoft, ilie fell tirft 
a Prey into thejir Hands •, and they fpent all the 
Day in coming up with the rett. 

Within a few Days they took a Ship called the 
'^mfterdam Merchant, Captain Willard, from Jamaica, 
but belonging to New-England \ as Low let none of 
that Country depart without fbme Marks of his. 
Rage^ he cut off this Gentleman's £ars, flit up his 
'— ' Kofe, 

g8o OfCapt. EDWARD Low. 

Kofe, and cut him in feveral Places of his Body, 
and, after plundering his Ship, let him purfue his 

After this he took a Sloop bound to Amhoy^ Wll^ 
I'lcim Fraz^lery Mafter, with whom Mr. Low happen- 
ing to be difpleafed, he ordered lighted Matches to 
be ty'd between the Mens Fingers, which burnt all 
the Flefh off the Bones *, then cut them in leveral 
Parts of their Bodies with Knives and Cutlafhes \ 
afterwards took all their Proviiions away, and fet 
Ibme of them alhore in an uninhabited Part of the 

The Kwgfioriy Captain Eflwichy another Ship, one 
Burrimtcn Mafter, two Brigantines from Carolina to 
London ^ a Sloop from Virginia to Bermudas ; a Ship 
from Glafgow to Virginia ^ a Scooner from New -Tor k 
to South-Carolina ; a Pink from Virginia to Dartmouth ^ 
and a Sloop from Thiladelfhia to Surinam^ fell a Prey 
to thele Villains, upon this Cruize, befxdes thofe 
above -meiTtioned. 

It happened that at this Time one of his Ma- 
jefty's Ships was upon a Cruize, on this Station, 
and got Intelligence of fome of the mifchievous 
Anions of this Mifcreant, by one of the VelTe Is 
that had been plundered by him, who fleering as 
direO:ed, came in Sight of the Pyrates by break of 
Day, on the loth of June^ of all Days in the Year. 
The Rovers looking out for Prey, foon faw, and gave 
Chace to the Man of War, which was called the 
Creyhcmjdy a Ship of 20 Guns, and 1 20 Men, rather 
inferiour in Force to the two Pyrate VefTels : The 
Creyhound finding them fo eager, was in no doubt 
what riiey iliould be, and therefore tack'd and 
il:ood from them, giving the Pyrates an Opportu- 
nity to chace her for two Hours, till all Things 
were in Readinefs for an Engagement, and the 
Pyrates about Gun-fliot off^ then the Greyhound 
tack'd again, and §ood towards the two Sloops, oae 


Of Capt. Edward Low. 381 

vf them called the Far?cy, commanded by Low him- 
felf, and the other the Ranger^ commanded by 
Harris J both which hoifted their pyratical Co- 
lours, and fired each a Gun. When the Grey^ 
hound came within Mufquet-fhot, fhe hailed up 
her Main-fail, and clapp'd clofe upon a Wind, to 
j<:eep the Py rates from running to Leeward, and 
then engaged : But when the Rogues found who 
they had to deal with, they edg'd away under the 
Man of War's Stern, and the Greyhound {landing after 
them, they made a running Fight for about two 
Hours-, but little Wind happening, the Sloops gain- 
ed from her, by the help of their Oars •, upon which 
the Greyhound left off firing, and turned all Hands 
to her own Oars, and at three in the Afternoon 
came up with them. The Pyrates haul'd upon 
a- Wind to receive the Man of War, and the 
Fight was immediately renewed, with a brisk 
Fire on both Sides, till the Kangers Main- Yard 
was fhot down, and the Greyhound prefling dole 
upon the difabled Sloop, Loxo^ in the other, thought 
fit to bear away and leave his Confort a Sacrifice 
to his Enemy, who (feing the Cowardice and Trea- 
chery of his Commadore and Leader, having ten 
or twelve Men killed and wounded, and that there 
was no poffibility of efcaping,) called out for Quar- 
ters, and furrendered themfelves to Juftice, which 
proved levere enough to them a-while after- 

The Conduct of Loxo was furprizing in this Ad- 
venture, becaufe his reputed Courage and Bold- 
nefs, had, hitherto, {o poffefs'd the Minds of all Peo- 
ple, that he became a Terror, even to his own Men ^ 
but his Behav.3ur throughout this whole Adion, 
ihewed him to be a bafe cowardly Villain , for had 
Zctt's Sloop fought half fo briskly as Harris's had 
done, Cas they were under a Iblemn Oath to do,) 


582 OfCapu Edward Low. 

the Man of War, in my Opinion, could never have 
hurred them. 

The Greyhomd carried In their Prize to Rhode 
Jfland^ to the great joy of the whole Province, tho' 
it had been more compleat, if the great £ OW^him- 
felf had c^rac'd the Triumph. The Prifoners were 
ft'^ongly fecured in a Goal, till a Court of Vice- 
Admiralty could be held for their Tryals, which 
begun on the 1 oth of July^ at Newport ^ and conti- 
nued three Days. The Court was made up of the 
following Gentlemen. 

William Dummer^ Efq; Lieutenant Governor of the 

JkfafachtifetSy Prefident. 
Nathaniel Taine^ Efq^ 'John Valentine^ Efq^ Ad- 

jiddington Davonforty Efq*, vocate-General. 
Thomas Fltchy Efq-, Samuel CranftoHy Gover- 

Spencer PhippSy Efq*, nor of Rhode-lfland, 

John LechmerCy Elq^ Siir- John Menuesy Efq, Judge 
' vey or- General. of the Admiralty, 

Richard IVardy Efq-, Regifter. 

Mr. Jahleel Brintony Provoft-Marihal. 

Robert AuchmutUy Efq, was affigned, by the Court,- 
Council for the Priloners here under mention'd. 

Prifoners Names. 


;. Places of Birth. 

Charles Harris^ Captain 2^ 


William Blads 



Darnel Hide 



Ihomas Fowely]\m» 


ConneHicuty N, E. 

Stephen Mundon 



Thomas Huggit 



William Read 


Londonderry^ Ireland* 

Veter Kneeves 


Exeter in Devon* 

James BrinUy 


Sujfolk in England. 

Jofeph Sound 


City of We^mi?7j}er. . 


OfCapu Edward Low. 383 

William Shut fie Id 40 Lane after in England* 

38 V/rexham in W^les, 

29 County of Durham, 

20 y/?^ of Man, 

27 South-Wales, 

Hdvpard Eaton 
John Brown 
Edward Lawfon 
Owen Fice 
'John Tcmhns 
John Fitzgerrald 
Abraham Lacy 
Thomas Linifier 
Francis Leyton 

23 Gloucejlerjhire, 

21 Limerick in Ireland. 

2 1 Devon/hire. 

21 Lancafnre. 

39 New'fork, 

JohnWaters^Q}x^xt,''lAv.^'^ County of Devon. 

Wdliam Jones 28 London. 

Charles Church 2 1 St. Margaret's^ IVefim, 

Thomas Hazel 50 ^ — ■. — ., 

John Bright 25 • -. . — -^ 

Thete 25 were found guilty, and executed the 
19th of July^ ^1^3} near Newport in Rhode- 

John Brown 17 Liverpoole. 

Fatrick Cunningham 25 — '— — ■ -^ 

Thefe two were found guilty, but refpited for 

one Year, and recommended to the King's-^ 


JohnWilfon 23 

Henry Barnes 22 

Thomas Jones 17 

Jofeph Switz^er 24 
Thomas Mumper ^Indhn, 

John Hincher^ Doctor 22 

John Fletcher 1 7 

Thomas Child i 5 


eight wer 

New- London County 


Flur in Wales. 

Bofion in New-England. 

Mather's Vineyard N. E. 

Near Edinburgh^ Scot. 

found Kot Guilty. 

The deftroying this Pyrate was look'd upon hy 
the Province, to be of fuch a fignal Service to the 
Publick, and particular Advantage to the Colony 

384 OfCapt. Edward Low, 

of NeW'Torh^ that it was thought necelTary tomakef 
Ibme handfome Acknowledgement to Captain Feter 
Solgard for it -^ and therefore it was refoked, in an 
Alfembly of the Common-Council, to compliment 
him with the Freedom of their Corporation. The 
Refolution, together with the Preamble of the Cap-' 
tain's Freedom, being curious in their Kind, 1 fub* 
join them for the Satisfaftion of the Reader. 

Refolution of the Mayor and Common-Coun- 
cil of the City of New-Tork, at a Common- 
Council held at the City Hall of the faid Ci- 
ty, on Hour f day the 25 th of July ^ Anno. Dom^ 

• 1723- 

Prefent Rohen Walter^ Efq*, IVtayor. 

City of Kew-York, /. 
r i ^HIS Cowt having taken into their Confideratlon the 

f great Service lately done to this Province in par-* 
ticular, as well as to all other his Maje fly s good SubjeBs in 
general^ hy Captain Peter Solgard, Commander of his 
Ma]eflfs Ship the Greyhound, the Station Ship of the 
Province J who lately in a CruiT^e upon this Co aft ^ in due 
Execution " and Difcharge of his Duty, upon Intelligence 
given himy fought for^ fu^fued and engaged two Pyrate 
SloopSy commanded by one Low, (a notorious and inhumane 
Pyrate,) one of which Sloops he took, after a refotute Re^ 
f fiance, and very much fijattered the other, who by the 
Favour of the Night efcapcd. Twenty fix of which Py rates 
fo taken, being lately executed at Rhode Ifland, not only 
eafed this City aid Province of a very great Trouble, but 
of a very ccnfiderahle Expence, Sec. It is therefore refol- 
ved ("Nemine Contradicente^ that this Corporation dj 
prefent the faid Captain Solgard with the Freedom of thi^ 
Corporation, as a Mark of the great Efteem they have for 
his Perfon^ as well as fir the afore faid great and good Ser^' 

OfCdpt. Edward Low. 385 

vices ; and that the Seal of the fald Freedom he e?jclofed 
in 4 Gold Box j that Mr. Recorder and Mr, Bickle}^ 
do draw the Draught of the fold Freedom j fgp^fying therein^ 
the grateful Senfe of this Corporation ^ for Jo fgnal a Ser^ 
"vice to the Public ky and Bene ft and Advantage of Mankind. 
Tljat Alderman Kip, and Alderman Cruger, do prepare 
the fald Box ^ that the Arms of the Corporation he en- 
graved on one Side thereof ^ and a Eeprcfentation of the 
Engagement on the other y with this MottOy (viz.) CQ'-^^- 
iitos Humani Generos Hoftes Debellare ^uperbum, 
10 Junii, 1723.] That the Town-Clerk caufc the fame 
Freedohj to he handfomly engrojfed en Tarchmenty and 
that the whole Corforaticn do wait upon him, to prefent 
the fafne. 

By Order of the Comm-^n-CounciL 

William Sharpas, Cler\, 

The Preamble of Captain Veter Solgard's Copy 
of his Freedom. 

Robert Walter ^ Efq^ Mayor, and the Aldermen of the 
City of New-Torh 
City of New-Torhyff. 

TO all whom thefe Perfents fidl comCy fend Greeting, 
WHEKEASy Captain Peter Solgard, Commander 
of his Majeflfs Ship the Greyhound y (j^he prefent Station 
Ship of this Province^ in his Cruize y havifig Intelligence of 
two Pyrate Sloops ofconfiderahle Force in ConfortjJvfy under 
the Command of one Low, a notorious Pyrate y that had for 
upward of two TearSy committed many Depredatlonsy A4ur^ 
ders and Barbarities y upon many of his Majefiy^ s SuhjeEtsand 
Allies^ lately come upon this Coafly hathy with great Dili" 
gencey and utmofl Applicationy purfuedy overtahcny and after 
aftuhhorn ReffancCy vanquiflied and overcome both ofthemy 
taking oney and driving the other from our Coaf y which 
ABiony as it is glorious in it fclfy fo it is glrrluus in the 
pub lick Belief ts and Advantages that flow from ity (jo 
wit) The Safetf and Freedom of •gztr own Trade and Com - 

B b meyce^ 

386 Of Capt. Edward Low. 

merce^ and of all the neighbouring Provinces on this Con* 
twenty fuch Jignal Service done againfl the Enemies of 
Mankind^ merits the ApfUufe of all good Men^ hut more 
immediately from thofe of this Province^ who are appointed 
his particular Care and Charge. WE therefore^ the Mayor ^ 
Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of New-York, 
afjembled in Common Council^ to exprefs our grateful Senfe 
and Acknowlfdgmenty to the f aid Captain Peter Solgard, 
for fo noble and faithful a Difcharge of his Duty^ and as 
n particular Adark of the great Efieem and jufl Regard 
we hear to his kind Acceptance of the Freedom of the 
Corporation of this City of New-York, and that he 
will pleafe to become a Fellow Citiz^cn with us. Thefe are 
therefore to certify and declare^ that the faid Captain 
Peter Solgard is hereby admitted^ received and allowed 
a Freeman and Citiz^en of the faid City of New-York, to 
have^ holdy enjoy and partake of all and fingular Advan- 
tages^ Benefit Sy Liberties ^ Privileges ^ FranchifeSy Free- 
doms and Immunities whatfoever^ granted or belonging to 
the fame City: In'Teftimony thereof ^ the faid Mayor 
hath hereunto fuhfcribed his Name^ and caufed the Seal 
of the faid Cay to be affixed the I'^th Day of July, in the 
ninth Tear of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George, 
by the Grace of Gody King of Great Britain, France 
md Ireland, Defender of the Faithy &c. Anno, Dom. 


' William Sharpas, R. SSI dXtcr: Mayor. 


This narrow Elcnpe of Low and his Companions, 
one would have thought might have brought them 
to a. little Cdnfideration 01 their black and horrid 
Crimes^ and to look upon this Interval as an Op- 
portunity put into their Hands by Providence, 
to reconcile themlelves to God, by a hearty and 
fmcere Repentance. But alals they were dead to 
all Goodnels, and had hot lo much as one Spark of 
Virtue coiiir them up to be thankful for fuch an 
, .: . emlnei.t 

Of Capt. Ed wa rd Lo ir. 3 87 

eminent Deliverance : But inftead thereof, vented 
a Million of Oaths and Curfes upon the Captain 
of the Greyhoundy vowing to execute "Vengeance 
upon all they ftiould meet with afterwards, for the 
Indignity he put upon them. 
. The firft Prey that they met with, after their 
Flight, was a fmall Sloop belonging to Nantucket , 
a Whale-Filhingj about 80 Miles from Land • the 
Mafter of which, one Nathan Skiffs a brisk young 
Fellow, the Pyrates cruelly whipp'd naked about 
the Deck, making his Torture their Sport ^ after 
which they cut of his Ears, and laft of all fhot him 
through the Head, and then funk his VefTel ; put- 
ting the reft of the Hands into their Whale-Boat, 
with a Compafs, a little Water^ and a few Biskets ^ 
and it being good Weather, they providentially goe 
f?Lfe to Na-atjickcty beyond all Expe£i:ation. 

There was another Whale-Boat belonging to 
this Sloop laft mentioned, which happened to be 
at fbme Diftance from her, and perceiving what 
was doing, rowed with all fpeed to another Sloop 
not far off, to acquaint her with the Misfortune, 
that the ;Men might take Care of themfelves*, and 
fhe happily got away- iii Time. Some Days after. 
Low took a Fifhing-Boat off of Block Ijland^ but did 
not perpetrate fo much Cruelty f:o her, contenting 
himfelf with only cutting off the Mafter's Head % 
But after taking two Whale-Boats near Rhode Ifland^ 
he caufed one of the Mafter's Bodies to be ripp'dup, 
and his Intrails to be taken out *, and Cut off the 
Ears of the other, and made him eat them him- 
felf with Pepper and Salt; which hard Injun- 
ftion he comply'd with, without making a Word, 
Several other Perfbns he would have murthered^ 
but Humanity prevailing in the tender Hearts of 
his Companions, they refuled to put his favage 
Orders in Execution. 

^*^^.^. Bb i From 

588 Of Capt. Edwarp Low. 

From the Coaft of New-England^ Low failed di- 
rectly for Newfoundland^ and, near Cape Br it on y took 
two or three and twenty French Veffels ^ and one 
of them of 22 Guns he mann'd with Py rates, ma- 
king a fort of a Man of War of her •, with which he 
fcower'd the Harbours and Banks of Newfoundland^ 
and took fixteen or eighteen other Ships and VeiTels, 
all which they plundered, and fome deftroyed. 

Thus theie inhumane Wretches went on, who 
could not be contented to fatisfy their Avarice 
only, and travel in the common Road of Wicked- 
nefs • but, like their Patron, the Devil, muft make 
Mifchief their Sport, Cruelty their Delight, and 
damning of Souls their conftant Employment. Of 
all the pyratical Crews that were ever heard of, 
none of the EngU^i Name came up to this, in Bar- 
barity ^ their Mirth and their Anger had much the 
fame EtfeCl, for both were ufually gratified with 
the Cries and Groans of their Prifoners ; {b that 
they almoft as often murthered a Man from the 
Excefsof good Humour, asoutof Pailion and Re- 
fentment ^ and the Unfortunate could never be 
allured of Safety from them, for Danger lurked in 
their very Smiles. An Inftance of this had liked 
to have happened to one Captain Graves^ Maf^er of 
a Firgima Ship laft taken *, for as loon as he came 
aboard of the Pyrate, Low takes a Bowl of Punch 
in his Hand, and drinks to him, faying, Captain 
Graves, here''s half this to you* But the poor Gen- 
tleman being too fenfibly touched at the Misfor- 
tune of falling into h^'s Hands, modeftly defired 
to be excufed, for that he could not drink *, where- 
upon Low draws out a Piftol, cocks it, and with 
the Bowl in 'tother Hand, told him, he fhould 
either take one or the other : So Graves^ without 
Hefitation, made Cheice of the Vehicle that con- 
tained the Punch, and guttled down about a Quart, 
when he had the leafl Inclination that ever he had 
in his Lif;e to be merry. The 

Of Capu Edward Low. 389 

The latter End of Jz^/y, (1723,) Low took a large 
Ship, called the Merry Chriflmas^ and fitted her for 
a Pyrate, cut federal Ports in her, and mounted 
her with 34 Guns. Low goes aboard of this Ship, 
afTumes the Title of Admiral, and hoifts a black 
Flag, with the Figure of Death in red, at the 
Main-topmaft Head^ and takes another Voyage to 
the We(^ern IJlands^ where he arrived the Beginning 
of September* The firft Veilel he met with there, 
was a Brigantine, formerly an EngUjl^ Sloop, com- 
manded by Ellas IVildy but lately bought by a For- 
tuguefe Nobleman, and altered : She was manned 
partly with Englifh^ and partly Fortuguefe ; the lat- 
ter Low caufed to be hang'd, by Way of Reprifal, 
for fome of his own Men lent thither in a Sloop 
from the Cafe de Verd lilands, as has been mention- 
ed : The Englijh Men he thruft into their own Boat, 
to fhift for themfelves, and let Fire to the VelTel. 

At St. Michaels J they fent in their Boats and cut 
out of the Road, a new London built Ship of 14 
Guns, commanded by Captain Thomfforiy who was 
taken there the Year before, by Low^ m the Rofe 
Pink. The Boats had fewer Men than the Ship, 
and Captain Tljompfo?i would have defended him- 
lelf, but his Men through Cowardize, or too great 
an Inclination of becoming Py rates themfelves, re- 
fuled to Hand by him, and he was obliged to fur- 
render^ and when he came aboard the Pyrate, had 
his Ears cut oil dole to his Head, for only pro- 
pofmg to refift Admiral Low's black Flag ^ they 
gave him one of his own Boats, and burnt his 

The next was a Fortuguefe Bark that fell into 
their Hands, whole Men came off fomewhat bet- 
ter than ufual, for they only cut them with their 
Cutlafnes, out of VVantonnefs, turned them all into 
their Boat, and fet their VelTel on Fire. When 
the Boat was going from the Side of the Ship, one 

B b 3 of 

590 Of Capt. Edward Low. 

of Xoir's Men, who, we may fuppofe, was forced 
into his Gang, was drinking with a Silver Tankard 
at one of the Ports, and took his Opportunity to 
drop into the Boat among the Tortuguefe^ and lye 
down in the Bottom, in order to efcape along with 
them : After he had flowed himfelf in the Boat, 
fo as not to be feen, it came into his Head, that 
the Tankard might prove of fome Ufe to him, 
-where he was going •, fo he got up again, laid hold 
of the Utenfil, and went off, without being difco- 
ver'd : In which Attempt had he failed, no doubt 
his Life, if not the Lives of all the People in the 
Boat, would have paid for it : The ISIame of this 
Man is Richard Mains. 

Lew took his old Tour to the Canaries^ Cape de 
ITerd Iflands, and fo to the Coaft ot Guimy ^ but 
nothing extraordinary happened till they arrived 
rear Sierraleon in Africa^ where they met with a 
Ship calf d the Delight^ Captain Hunt Commander • 
this Ship they thought fit for their own Purpofe, 
for Ihe had been a fmall Man ot War, and carried 
12 Guns ^ however, they mounted i5 on Board 
her, mann'd her with 60 Men, and appointed one 
$priggs^ who was then their Quarter-Maile'" to be 
Captain of her, who, two Days after, feparaied from 
the Admiral, and went to the Wefi-lndles a-py ra- 
ting, upon his own, and particular Company's, Ac- 
count, where for the prefent we ihall leave him. 

In 'Jmuary laft. Low took- a Ship, called the Squir" 
rely Captain Stephen fan j but what became of him 
after wai ds, I can't tell ^ we have had no News con- 
cerning him come to England^ fince this I have now 
mentioned ; but I have heard that he talk'd of go- 
ing to Brazil ^ and if fo, it is likely we may too 
fooa hear of fome Exploit or other ^ tho' the beft 
information we could receive, would be, that he 
tni all his Crew were at the Bottom of the Sea, ^ 





C H A P. XVI. 

O F 


And his C R E w. 


HN Evans was ?<. Welch Man, had been former- 
ly M after of a Sloop belonging to Nevis ^ but 
^^ lofing his Employ there, he lailed for fome 
Time out of Jamaica as Mate, till happening in Com- 
pany of three or four of his Comrades, and Wages not 
being Co good as formerly, and Births fcarce, be- 
caufe of the great Number of Seamen ; they agreed 
to go ..broad in fearch of Adventures. They failed, 
or rather rowed out of Port Royal in Jamaica^ the 
latter End of September 1722, in a Canoa ^ and com- ' 
ing on the North-Side of the Illand, went aihcre 
in the Night, broke open a Houie or two, and 
robb'd them of fome Money, and every Thing elie 
they could find that was portable, and brought the 
Booty on Board the Canoa. 

This was very well for the firft Time, but this 
kind of Robbery did not pleafe fo well, they wan- 
ted to get out to Sea, but having no VeiTel but 
their Canoa, they were prevented in their lauda- 
ble Defign •, however, they kept a good look out 
and traverled the liland, in ExpeSation that Pro! 
vidence would fend Ibme unfortunate VeiTel as a 

B b 4 Sacri- 

392 Of Capt.JoHN ErANS. 
Sacrifice, and in a few Days their Wiflieswere ac- 
complifhed -^ for at Duns Hole^ they found a fixiall 
Sloop at an Anchor, belonging to Bennudas : They 
made bold and went aboard, and Evans informed 
the Folks that belonged to her, that he was Cap- 
tain of the Vellel, which was a Piece ot News 
they knew not before. After they had put their 
Affairs in a proper Difpofition aboard, chey went? 
aihore to a little Village for Refrelhments, and 
lived jovially the remaining Part of the Day, at a 
Tavern, fpending three Piitols, and then departed. 
The People of the Houfe admired at the merry 
Guefts they had got, were mightily pleafed, and 
wiihed for their Comprny at another Time, which 
happened too foon for their Profit ; for, in the 
Hiiddle of the Night, they came aihore all Hands, 
rifled the Houfe, and carried what they could 
aboard their Sloop. 

The next Day they weighed in the Sloop, aboard 
of which they mounted four Guns, called her 
the Scowerer^ and failed to Htfyaniola •, on the North 
Part of which Ifland they took a Spamjh Sloop, which 
proved an extraordinary rich Prize, as it fell among 
fo few Perfbns as this Company confifted of, for 
they fliared upwards of 1 50 /. a Man. 

In Purfuance of the Game, and beating up for 
jthe Windward Iflands, the Scowerer met with a Ship 
from New-England^ bound to Jamaica^ t20 Tons, 
called the Vove^ Captain Diamond Mafter, off Torto 
Rico', They plundered her, 2nd flrergchened their 
own Company, by taking out the Mate, and two or 
three ether Men ; they difcharged the Prize, and 
run into one of the Iflands for frelh Water and Ne- 
ceffaries, and ftaid there Ibme Time. 

The next Pi'ii^e they made, v/as the Lucretia and 
Catherine J Captain Mills^ of 200 Ton Burthen ; they 
came up with her n^ar the Ifland Diffeada, January 
nth. Upon feizing of this Ship, the Py rates be- 

Of Capt. John ErANs. 395 

gan to ta]<e upon themlelves the Diftribution of 
Juftlce, examining the Men concerning their Ma- 
ker's Ufage of them, according to the Cuftom of 
other Pyratfis ; but the Captain over-hearing the 
Matter, put an End to the judicial Proceedings, 
and fell to rumaging the Ship, laying to them. 
What have we to do to turnReformers^ "'tis Money we want f 
And fpeaking to the Prifoners, he asked them, Does 
your Captain give you VlEiuals enough ? And they anfvver- 
ing in the Affirmative : Why then^ faid he, he ought ta 
give you Work enough. 

After the taking of this Prize, they went to the 
little liland of Avif^ with a Defign to clean, and 
carried the Lucretia along with them, in order to 
heave down the Scnwerer by her -^ but meeting there 
with a Sloop, the Pyrate gave Chace till the Eve- 
ning, when fhe was within Gun-Shot of her ^ but 
fearing to Ipfe Company with the Lucretiay who 
was a heavy Sailor, they left off, and faw her no 
more. This Chace brought them to Leeward of 
their Port, fo that they were obliged to look out 
for another Place of Retreat, and the Ifland of 
Euhy not being far diftant, they fteered for that, 
and anchored there accordingly ^ but the next Day 
a Dutch Sloop coming as it were, into their Mouths, 
they could not forbear dealing, and fo making her 
their Prize, they plundered her of what came.^ when 
fhared, to fifty Pounds a Man. 

They found this Sloop more for their Purpofe 
than the Lucretiay to clean their own Sloop by, as 
being much lower in the Wafi-, and therefore capa- 
ble of heaving her Bottom farther out of the Wa- 
ter, fo f^ie was difchapged, and the Dutch Man kept 
in her Room •, but not thinking it convenient to 
lay up here, for fear a difcovery fhould be made, 
they turned their Thoughts arjother Way, and 
fbeered to the Coafl of "Jamaica, where they took a 
iSugar Drover, and then run to the Grand Caimanes^ 


594 Of Capt. John Evans. 

about 30 Leagues to Leeward of Jamaica^ with In- 
tention to clean there ^ but an unhappy Accident 
put an End to their Pyracies, which hitherto had 
proved very fuccefsful to them. 

The Boat f wain of the Pyrate being a noify furly 
Fellow, the Captain had at feveral Times Words with 
him, relating to his Behaviour, who thinking him- 
felf ill treated, not only returned ill Language, but 
alfo challenged the Captain to fight him on the 
next Shore they came to, with Piftols and Sword, 
as is the Cufiom among thefe Outlaws. When the* 
Sloop arrived, as abovementioned, the Captain 
propofed the Duel ^ but the cowardly Boatfwain re- 
fufed to fight, or go afhore, tho' it was his own 
Challenge. When Captain Evans faw there was no- 
thing to be done with him, he took his Cane, and 
gave him a hearty drubbing^ but the Boatfwain 
not being able to bear fuch an Indignity, drew out a 
Piftol and fhot Evans thro' the Head, fo that he 
fell down dead \ and the Boatfwain immediately 
jumped over-board, and fwam towards the Shore ^ 
but the Boat \\»as quickly mann'd and fent after him, 
which took him up and brought him aboard. 

The Death of the Captain" in that Manner, pro-' 
voked all the Crew, and they refolved the Crimi- 
nal ihould die by the moft exquifite Tortures •, but 
while they were confidering of the Punilhment, 
the Gunner, tranfported with Paflion, difcharged 
a Piftol, and fhot him thro' the Body ^ but not kil- 
ling him outright, the Delinquent in very moving 
Words, defired a Week for Repentance only • 
but another llepping up to him, told him, that he 
Jhould refcnt and he damned to him^ and without more 
ado ihot him dead. 

^ I Ihould have obferved, that when the Lucretia 
and Katharine was iliffered to go away, the Pyrates 
detained their Mate, who was now the only Man 
aboard^ who under ftood Navigation, and him tliey 

, defired 

Of Capt. John Ep^ansi. 595 

defired to take upon him the Command of the 
Sloop, in the Room of Captain E'vans deccaled •, but 
he defired to be excufed that Honour, and at length 
poiitively refufed it -^ fo they agreed to break up 
the Company, and leave the Mate in Poffeilion of 
the VeiTel : Accordingly they went afhore at the 
Caimanesy carrying' with them about nine thoufand 
Pounds among thirty Perfons *, and it being fair 
Weather, the Mate and a Boy brought the VeiTel 
into fort Royd^ in Jamaica, 

C H A J>. 



O F 

Captain John Phillips, 

And his Crew. 

JOHN Phillips was bred a Carpenter, and fail- 
ing to Newfoundland in a Weft-Country Ship, 
was taken hy Anfi is in the Good Fortune Brigan- 
tine, the next Day after he had left his Confort 
and Commadore, Captain Roberts, Phillips was fbon 
reconciled to tlie Life of a Pyrate, and being a brisk 
Fellow, was appointed Carpenter of the Velfel, for 
at firft his Ambition reachM no higher ^ there 
he remain'd till they broke up at TabagOy and was 
one of thole who came home in a Sloop that we 
have mentioned to be funk in Brift^ol Channel. 

His Scay was not long in England, for whilft he 
was paying his firft Vifits to his Friends in Devon^ 
fnrey he heard of the Misfortune of fome of his 
Companions, that is, of their being taken and com- 
mitted to Brifiol Goal ; and there being good Rea- 
ibn for his apprehending Danger from a Wind that 
blew from the fame Quarter, he mov'd off imme- 
diately to TopJIjawy the neareft Port, and there 
jhipp'd himfelf with one Captain Wadham^ for a 
Voyage to Newfoundlandy and home again •, which, 
by the way, Mr. PhilUps never defign'd to perform, 


OfCapu John Phillips. 397 

or to fee England any more. When the Ship came 
to Peter Harbour in Newfoundland aforefaid, he ran 
away from her, and hired himfelf a Splitter in 
the Fiihery, for the Sea (on : But this was only 
till he could have an Opportunity of profecu- 
ting his intended Rogueries •, in order to which, 
he combined with feveral others, in the fame Em- 
ploy, to go off with one of the YefTels that lay in 
the Harbour, upon the pyratical Account^ accor- 
dingly the Time was fix'd, viz., the 29th of Jlugnlb 
I'ji'^y at Kighf, but whether Remorfe or Fear 
prevented their coming together, I know not, but 
of fixteen Men that were in the Combination, five 
only kept the Appointment : Notwichftanding 
which, Phillip was for pufhing forward with that 
Imall Number, alluring his Companions, that they 
ihould fbon encreafe their Company ^ and they 
agreeing, a VelTel was feiz'd on, and out of the 
Harbour they failed. 

The firft Thing they had now to do, was to 
chufe Officers, draw up Articles, and fettle their 
little Commonwealth, to prevent Difputes and Rang- 
lings afterwards \ fb John Phillip was m.ade Captain, 
John Nutt^ Mafter, (or Kavigatorj of the Veffel ^ 
James Sparh^ Gunner ^ Tloomas Fern^ Carpenter ^ and 
Wiliam White was the only private Man in the 
whole Crew : When this was done, one of them 
writ out the following Articles (which v%re have 
taken verbatim) and all Iwore to 'em upon a Hatchet 
for want of a Bible. 

The Articles on Board the Revenue. 


EFery Man pjall obey civil Ccmrnand \ the Captain 
fjall have one full Share and a hjilf in aU Prizes , the 
Mafler^ Carpenter ^ Boatfwain and Giwmr jhall have one 
Share and mairter* 

2. // 

998 Of Capt. John Phillips. 


If any Man fhall offer to run away^ or ieep afiy Secret 
from the Comfanyy he jlmllht marroon^d^vpith one Bottle of 
Powder^ one Bottle of Water ^ one fmall Jrm^ and Shot. 


If any Alan jhall fleal any Thing in the Comfany^ or 
game^ to the Value of a Tiece of Eighty hejJjall be marroorid 
«r jhot, 

If at any Time wejhould meet another Marrooner [that is, 
Pyrate,] that Man that fljall/ign his Articles without the 
Confent of our Company^ jhall fuffer fuch Funifldment as the 
Captain and Company Jhall think fit. 


That Man that jhall ftnh another whilft the fe Articles 

a-^e tn force ^ fiiall receive MofesV Lav!) (that is^ 40 Stripes 
lacking, one) on the hare Bach 

That Man that jlmllfnap his Arms^ or fmoak Tobacco 
in the Holdy without a Cap to his PipCy or carry a Candle 
lighted without a Lanthorn^fiull fuffer the fame Funiflment 
as in the former Article. 

That Man that fliall not keep his Arms clean^ fit for 
'/in Engagement J or neglett his Bufnefs^ JJiall be cut off from 
his Share, and fuffer fuch other Punifimient as the Captain 
and the Company fi all think fit. 

If any Man fimll lofe a Joint in time of an Engage* 
fnentj fihall have 400 Pieces of Eight ^ if a Limb^ 80Q. 


If at any time you meet with a prudent Woman, that 
Man that offers to meddle with her, without her Confent^ 
fljall fuffer prefent Death. 

Thus prepared, this bold Crew iht out^^tid before 
they lefc the Banks they made Prize of feveral fmall 
Fi&ing-Veiiels, out of which they got a few Hands, 


Of Capt. John Phillips. 39^ 

fome French and fbme EngU^^ and then fail'd for the 
Weft- Indies ^ in one of thefe VeiTe Is they took out 
one John Rofe Archer ^ who having been a Pyrate un- 
der the famous Black-heard^ was immediately pre- 
ferred over other People's Heads, to be Quarter- 
Mafter to the Company •, which fudden Promo- 
tion fo difgufted fome of the older Standers, efpe- 
cially Fern^ the Carpenter, that it occafioned fome 
Mifchief to follow, as we fliall ihew by and by. 
. The Py rates came off Barhadoes the beginning of 
OSlober^ and cruifed there, and among other [(lands, 
above three Months, without fpeaking with a Vef- 
fe], fo that they were almoft ftarv'd for want of 
Provifions, being reduc'd to a Pound of Meat a 
Day between ten ^ at length they fell in with a Matsr 
tif7ko .M.din of. 1 2 Guns and 35 Hands, far fuperior 
in Force, and what they would not have ventur'd 
on at another Time, but Hunger will break down Stone 
Walls ; they were relblved to fhew the French 
Men their black Flag ^ and if that would not do^ 
they mull: feek out elfewkere \ accordingly, they 
boldly ran up a-long-fide of the Sloop, with thei» 
pyratical Colours flying, and told them, if they 
did not flrike immediately, they would give thenj 
no Quarters •, which lb intimidated the Frenchme^y 
that they never fired a Gun. This proved a lea- 
fonable Supply • .they took her Provifions, and four 
of her Men, and let her go. They took prefently 
after, a Sloop belonging to New-Torky and a VlrglnU 
Man, Huffam Mafter. 

Having now occalion to clean their Veffel, ?/;//- 
Up proposed Tohago^ where the Company he foj^- 
merly belonged to, under Anftis and Fcnn^ broke up ; 
to induce them to it, he told them when he left 
•the Ifland, there was left behind fix or eight of 
their Company that were not willing to goto£;?^- 
lundy with three Negroes : Whereupon they faifd 
to the Ifland, ai^d after a careful Search^ found only 

40O bf Capt. Jo HIT Phillips. 

one of the Negroes, whole Name was Pedro, who 
in form 'd Captain Phillips y that thofe that were left: 
behind were taken by a Man of War's Crew, and 
hang'd at Antegoa, among whom was Fenn, their 

They took Vedro on Board, and then fell to Bufi- 
nels, careening their VefTel •, and jaft as they had 
iinifhed their Work, a Man of War's Boat cam^ 
into the Harbour, the Ship being cruifing to Lee- 
ward of- thelfland. It was eafily guefs'd upon what 
Errant ihe was fent, and therefore they lofl no 
Time, but, as foon as the Boat went away, warp'd 
out, and ply 'd to Windward for Security, but lefc 
the four Trench Men, they took out of the Marti nica 
Sloop, behind. 

In a few Days they took a Snow with a fevv 
Hands, and Pem^ the Carpenter, one William Phil- 
lipy Wood and TayloTy went aboard to take Poireifion 
of her. Pern J not forgetting the Affront of ha- 
ving Archer prefer r'd before him, relblvM to go 
off with the Prize, and brought the refl into the 
fame Meafures •, however PhilUpSy the Captain, kee- 
ping a good Look-out, perceived their Defign, and 
gave them Chace, who coming up with the Veffel, 
a Skirmifh enfu'd, wherein Wood was kill'd and T^'* 
lor wounded in his Leg ; upon which the other two 
furrender'd. There was no Surgeon aboard, and 
therefore it was avdvis'd, upon a learned Confulta- 
tion, th?it Phillips's Leg fhould be cutoif; but who 
fhould perform the Operation was the Difpute ^ at 
length the Carpenter was appointed, as the mofl 
proper Man : Upon which, he fetch'd up the big- 
geft Saw, and taking the Limb under his Arm, fell 
to Work, and feparated it from the Body of the 
Patient, in as little Time as he could have cut a 
Deal Board in two \ after that he heated his Ax red 
hot in the Fire, and cauteriz'd the Wound, but not 
with fo much Art as he performed the other Part, 


Of Capt. Phillips* 401 

fcr he fo burnt his Fleili diftant from the Place of 
Amputation, that it had like to have mortify'd ; 
however nature performed a Cure at laft without a- 
ny other Affiflance. 

From Tobago they ftdod away to the Korthward 
and took a Tortugue^e bound for Brauly and two or 
three Sloops trom Jamaica , in one of which. Fern the 
Carpenter, endeavouring to go olY, was kill'd by 
Thillips the Captain, purfuant to their Articles ^ ano- 
ther had the fame Fate fome Days after for the like 
Attempt. Thefe" Severities made it dangerous for 
any to confult or projed an Efcape :, the Terror of 
which made ieveral fign their Articles and let dowa 
quietly, waiting impatiently for Redemption, which 
as yet they faw no great likelyhood of, and ihould 
they have been taken before fuch Circumftances 
appeared in their Anions or Chara£l:ers^ as after- 
Wards happened, to denote their Innocence, they 
might haV-e loft their Lives upOn a Tryal at a Court 
of Admiralty •, for pretty ftrong Evidence is ex- 
pelled in their Favour, to ballanCe that of being 
taken aboard a Vellel which is prov'd to be in aftual 
Pyracy, and they ailifting therein. 

Thus was many an honeft Man's Cafe madeHaoft 
defperate by the confummate Villany of a few hard^ 
ned Wretches, who fear neither God or Devil, as 
this Phillies us'd often blafphemouily to expref^ 

On the 15 th of March they took t\VO Ships frortl 
Virginia for London ^ John Thillifs^ the Pyrate Captain'^ 
Namefike, was Mafter of one, and Captain Robert 
Mortimer^ the other, a brisk young Fellow, that de-* 
lerv'd a better Fate than he met with. Phillips the 
Pyrate ftaid on Board of Captain Mortimcrh Ship^ 
\vhile they tranfported the Crew to the Sloop, and 
the Boat returning along fide, one of the Py rates 
therein calls to Phi!lips\ and tells him, there was a 
Mutiny aboard their VelTel, Mortimer had two Meri 

C c in 

402 OfCapt, Philipls. 

in his Ship, and the Pyrate Captain had two, there- 
fore thought it a good Opportunity to recover his 
Ship, and diredly took up a Handfpike and ftruck 
Phillips over the Head, giving him a dangerous 
wound, but not knocking him down, he recovered 
and wounded Mortimer with his Sword ^ and the two 
Pyrates that were aboard coming in to Captain 
Phillips's Ailiftance, Captain Mortimer was prelently 
cut to Pieces, while his own two Men flood by and 
did nothing. 

This was the lirfl: Voyage that Mortimer had the 
Command of a VefTel, by whofe Death is a poor 
difconfb] ate Widow made miferable, more in re^ 
gard of the mutual Love and Fidelity they lived in, 
than the Lofs ot what would have been a handfome 
and comfortable Provifion for themfelves and Qiil- 
dren, which, I think, now ought to be niride up by 
the Publick, fnice 'twas in the publick Service he 
fell ', for had his Attempt fucceeded, in all Pro- 
bability he would not only liave regained his own 
Ship, but entirely fubdued and deftroy'd the 
Enemy, there being feveral, as it afterwards pro- 
ved, that would have ieconded fuch an Enterprize 
when ever they found a Beginning made. 

This Affair ended v^irhout any other Confe- 
quence than a ftrid Search after a Brother of Cap- 
tain Mortimer^ who was on Board, in order to 
have put him likev^ri^e to death •, but he had the 
good Fortune to m.eet with a Townfman among 
the Crew, who h'd him for four and twenty Hours 
in a Stay-Sail, till the Heat of their Fury was over, 
and by that Means happily miiTed of the Fate de- 
figned him. 

Out of the other Flrglnla Man before fpoken of, 
they took one Edward Cheejewoi^ a Carpenter, to 
fupply the Place of their late Carpenter, Pern. He 
was a modeft. fober young Man, very averfe to 
their unlawful Pratlice, and a brave gallant Fellow. 


OfCapt. John Phillips. 405 

There was one John Phi [more of Ipfwich, formerly 
taken by them, ordered to row Cheefeman abo.ud 
of Mortimers Ship, which the Pyrates po/Tefs'd 
themfelves of, who, feeing with what Reludance 
and Uneafineis Cheefeman was brought away, told 
him, he would join with him, in fbme Meafures, 
to over-throw the pyratical Government, teUin^ 
him withal, their prefent Condition, what Diffi- 
culties PhiUipi had met with to make up his Com- 
pany, and how few voluntary Pyrates theref were 
on Board, and the like. But, however fpecious thi^ 
feemed, Cheefeman out of Prudence rejected his 
Offers of AiHftance, till he faw fbme Proofs of his 
Sincerity, which afcer a few Days he was convinced 
of, and then they often confulted •, but as the 
old Pyrates were always jealous of the new Comers, 
and confequently obfervant of their Behaviour ^ 
this was done with the utmoil: Caution, chiefly 
when they were lying down together, as the' afleep, 
and, at other Times, when they were playing at 
Cards *, both which they feigned often to do for 
that Purpofe. 

The Pyrates went on all the while, plundering and 
robbing leveral Ships and VeiTels, bending their 
.Courfe towards Newfoundland y where they defigned 
to raife more Men, and do all the Mifchief they 
could on the Banks, and in the Harbours. 

Newfoundland is an Ifland on the North Continent 
o^ America, contained between the 4^ and 53*^ of 
N. Latitude, difcovered (irft by St. Sehafion Cabot 
A. D. 1497, but never fettled till the Year 1610 ^ 
when Mr. Guy ot Brifol revived the Affair, and 
obtained a Patent, and himfelf to be Governor. 
The Ifland is deferred by the Natives and neglected 
by us, being delolate and Woody, and the Coaft 
and Harbour only held for the Conveniency of tha 
Cod Fifhery, tor whfch alone they iveve fettled* 

Cc 2 ■ The 

4C4 Of Capt. Jo His Phillip^, 

The Bays and Harbours about it, are very nu- 
rnc reus and convenient, and being deeply indented, 
makes it eafy for any Intelligence quickly to pafs 
from one Flai bour to another over Land •, efpecially 
the principal, St. Johns and Flacemia, when the Ap- 
pearanceof an Enemy makes them apprehend Danger. 

They are able to cure and export about icocoo 
Quintals Cioo Weight each) of Fiih, annually, 
which returns to England in Money, or the necef- 
lary Commodities of P^rfAf^^/, Spain d.nd Italy. As it 
therefore expends abundance ot Rum, MolofTus and 
Sugar, the ProduO: of our We(l-India Colonies, and 
employs a Number of Fifhermen from home every 
Searon,by whofe Induftry and Labour only this Filh 
is purchafed, it may very well be reckon'd an ad- 
vantaglcus Branch of Trade. 

But the prefent Deiign of this DigrelHon being 
not to give an exad Defcription of the Country 
or Fi flier y •, but rather liow it accidentally con- 
tributes to raife, or fupport the Py rates already 
rais'd, I ihall obferve, 

Firft, That our Weft Country Fifliing-Ships, viz.. 
from TopjJjatny Barnftahle and Briftol^ who chiefly at- 
tend the Fifhing Seafons, tranfport over a confi- 
derable Number of poor Fellows every Summer, 
whom they engage at low Wages, and are by their 
Terms to pay for P adage back to England. When 
the Newfoundland Ships left that Country, towards 
Winter, in the Year 1720, thefe Pailengers multer'd 
T 100, who, during the Seafon of Bufmefs, (the 
Hardnefs of their Labour, and Chilnefs of the 
Nights, pinching them very much) are moftly fond 
of drinking Black Strap, fa ftrong Liquor ufed 
tjiere, and made from Rum, MolofTus, and Chow- 
der Beer •,) by this the Majority of them out-run 
the Conf}:able, and then are neceilitated to come 
under hard xArticles of Servitude for their Mainte- 
nance in the Winter ^ no ordinary Charge, indeed, 


Of Capt. John Phillips. 405 

when the Barreanefs of tht; Country is confider'd, 
and the Stock of Provlfion laid in, happen to fall 
ihort, in Proportion to the Computation made of 
the People remaining there the Winter, which are 
generally about 17 or 1800. The Matters refiding 
there think Advantages taken on their NecelTities, 
no more than a juft and lawful Gain ^ and either 
bind fuch for the next Summer's Service, or fell 
their Provifions out to them at extravagant Rates ^ 
Bread from 15 s. to 50, immediately at the depar- 
ting of the Ships, And io of other forts of Food in 
Proportion ; wherefore not being able to fubfill: 
themfelves, or in any likely Way of clearing the 
Reckoning to the Matters, they fometimes run 
away with Shallops and Boats, and begin on pyrati- 
cal Exploits, as Phillips and his Companions, whom 
we are now treating of, had done. 

And fecondly (which is more opportunely for 
them,) they are vifited every Summer, almoft, by 
fome Set of Pyrates or other, already rais'd, who 
call here for the fame Purpofe, f if young Beginners) 
and to lay in a Store of Water and Provifions, 
which they find imported, much or little, by all the 
Ships that ufe the Trade. 

Towards this Country FhllUps was making his 
Way, and took on the Voyage, befides thofe above- 
mentioned, one Salter, in a Sloop off the Ifie of Sa- 
bles^ which Veffel they made ufe of themfelves, and 
gave back Aiortimer^s Ship to the Mate and Crew. The 
lame Day, viz.. the 4th of April, took a Scooner, 
one Chadwell, Matter, which they fcuttled, in or- 
der to ttnk •, but Capt. Phillips underftanding that 
{he belong'd to Mr. Minors at Newfoundland^ with 
whofe Velfel they firft went off a py rating, a Qualm 
of Confcience came athwart his Stomach, and he 
faid to his Companions, We have done him Injury 
enough already ^ lib order'd the VelTel immediately to 
be repair'd, and return'd her to the Matter, 

C c 3 That 

4c6 Of Capt. John Phillips. 

That Afternoon they chac'd another VelTel, and 
at Kight came up with her, the Mafter of which 
was a Saint of New-L^gland, nam'd Befendance Elle^ 
ry, who taking Phillips for a Pyrate, he told him was 
the Ilea fon that he gave him the Trouble of cha- 
cing fo long ^ which being refented by thefe Men of 
Honour, they made poor Befendance dance about 
the Deck till he was weary. 

Vv^ithinfew Days feveral other VeiTe Is had the 
fame Misfortune, the Matters Names were as foU 
low, JojlouaElwell^ Samuel Elwell^ Mr, Combs^ Mr. Lan- 
jly^ James B ah ft on ^ Edvpard Freeman j Mr. St art ^ Obe^ 
d*ah Bealy Erick Erich fon and Benjamin Wheeler. 

The T 4th of ^fr// they took a Sloop belonging 
to Cape Aany Andrew Harradme Mafter -^ they look'd 
upon this VefTel more fit for their Purpofe, and ^o 
came aboard, keeping only the Mafter of her Pri* 
foner, and fending Harradlneh Crew away m Sal- 
ter's VelTel, which they, till this Time, detain'd. 
To this Harradine^ Cheefeman the Carpenter, broke 
his Mind, and brought him into the Confederacy 
to destroy the Crew, which was put in Execution 
four Days afterwards. 

iiarradine and the reft were for doing the Bu- 
ftnefs in the Night, as believing they might be more 
opportunely furpriz'd *, for Nut^ the Mafter, being a 
Fellow of grear Strength, and no lefs Courage, it was 
thought dangerous to attack him without Fire- Arms ^ 
however, Cheefeman was refolute to have it per^ 
form'd by Day-light, as the leaft liable to Confu- 
sion-; and as to the Mafter, he ofter'd to lay Hands 
on him firft : Upon this 'twas concluded on, 12 at 
Koonwas the appointedTime; in order for the Bufi- 
nei*''- Cheefeman leaves his working Tools on the Deck, 
as thoug h he had been going to ufe them, and wal- 
ked a't •, but perceiving fome Signs of Timidity in 
Harradme^ he comes back, fetches his Brandy Bottle 
and gi^^es him and the reft a Dram, then drank 


:0f Capt. John Phillips. 407 

to Burrily the Boatfwaii], and the Mafter, To the^r 
. next merry Meetings and up he puts the Bottle ^ then 
he takes a Turn with JSIut^ asking what he thought 
of the Weather, and fuch like. In ttiQ mean while 
Filempr:^ takes up the Axe, and turns it round up.- 
. on %h^ Point, as if at Play, then both he and Har- 
radine wink at him, thereby letting him know they 
were ready ; upon which Signal he leiT^es Nut by 
. the Collar, with one Hand between his Legs, and 
tofs'dhim over the Side of the VeHel, but,he holding 
by Cheefirnarfs Slee^fe^ faid, Lcrrd have Mercy vpon me! 
what are you going to do^ Carpenter t He told him it was 
an unneceiiary Queition, Fory fays he, Alajhr^ yon 
are a- dead Man^ lo ilrikes him over the Arm, Nut 
loofes his Hold, tumbles into the Sea, and never 
fpoke more. 

Bv this time the Boat fwain was dead ; for as fbon 
zs Fillmore law the Mafter laid hold of, he railed up 
the Axe, and divided his Enemy's Head in two-. The 
Is'oiie brought the Captain upon Deck, whom Cheefe- 
man {abated with the Blow of a Mallet, which brok^ 
'his Jaw-Bo :e, but did not knock him down ; Har- 
radine came in then with the Carpenter's Adds, but 
Sparhy the Gunner, interpftfing between him and 
Captain ThilUfSy Cheefeman trips up his Heels, and 
flung him iiito the Arms of Cmrles Jvymayy one of 
his Conforts, who that hii^anr difchargM him in- 
to the Sea ^ and at the fame Time Harradine com- 
pared his Bufinefs with the Captain aforefaid : 
Cheefeman loft no Time, but from t\it Deck jumps 
into the Hold, and was about to beat out the Brains 
o^ Archer y the Quarter-Mafter, having ftruck him 
two or three Blows with his blunt Weapon the Mal- 
let, when Harry Giles y a young Lad, came down af- 
ter him, and defir'd his Life might be Ipar'd, as aa 
Evidence ot their own Innocence*, that he havin"" 
all the Spoil and Plunder in his Cuftody, it may ap- 
pear, that thefe tragick Proceedings were not un- 

Cc 4 der'taken 

4o8 0/ Capt. John Thillips. 

dertaken with any difhoiieft View of leizingor ap- 
propriating the Effefts to themfelves ^ which pru- 
dent Advice prevaiiM, and he and three more were 
Hiade Prifoners, and fecured. 

The Work being done, they went about Ship, al- 
tered the Courfe frcm Newfoimdland to Boflon, and 
arrived fafe the 3d of ^</^^ following, to the great 
Joy of that Province. 

On the T2th of ^.^y, 1724,3 fpecial Court of Ad- 
miralty was held for the Tryai of thefe Pyrates, 
when John Fllmorey Edward Cheefeman^ John Combs ^ 
Jlemy Gilesy ChoTrles Jvymay^ John Boot many and Hen- 
ry Tayncy the feven that confederated together for 
the Pyrates Deltru8:ion, were honourably acquit- 
ted *, as aifo three French Men, John Baptisy Peter Taf- 
feryy and Jfaac Lajfen^ and three Negroes, Tedroy Fran" 
cifcoy and T:erro» And John Rofe Archer^ the Quarter- 
Jvlai^er, William Whltey William Taylor ^ and William 
'Thill/'pSy were condemned *, the two latter were re- 
prieved for a Year and a Day, in order to be re- 
•commended (though 1 don't know for whatj as Ob- 
jeCzQ of his Majefty's Mercy. The two former were 
executed on the id o^juncy and dy'd very penitent- 
ly, making the following Declarations at the Pla-ce 
of Execution, with the Afliftance of two grave Di- 
,vines that attended them. 

^he dying Declarations ^John Rofe Archer 
/^7z^/ William White, on the Day of their Exe- 
aaioji at Bo&on^Junt 7, i-j 2 /i^y for the Crimes 
ff Pjracj'. 

Firfi:, feparately, of Archer. 

I Greatly bewail my Profacations of the Lord's 
Day, and iny Difobedience to my Parents. 
* And my Curfmg and Swearing, and my blafphe- 
ining the Kam§ of the glorious God. 


Of Capt. JoHjsf Vhillipb. 409 

Unto which 1 have added, the Sins of Unchaftity. 
And I have provoked the Holy One, at length, to 
leave me unto the Crimes of Py racy and Robbery • 
wherein, at laft, I have brought my felf under the 
Guilt of Murder alio. 

But one Wickednefs that has led me as much 
as any, to all the reft, has been my brutifh Drun- 
kennels. By ftrong Drink I have been heated and 
hardened into the Crimes that are now more bit- 
ter than Death unto me. 

I could wifti that Maflers of VefTels would not ufe 
their Men with i^o much Severity, as many of them 
do, which expofes to great Temptations. 

And then o? White, 

I am now, with Sorrow, reaping the Fruits of my 
Difobedience to my Parents, who ufed their Endea- 
vours to have me inftrucled in my Bible, and my 

And the Fruits ofmy negle8:ing the publickWor- 
fhip of God, and prophaning the holy Sabbath. 

And of my blafpheming the Name of God, my 

But my Drunkennefs has had a great Hand in 
bringing my Ruin upon me. I was drunk when I 
was enticed aboard the Pyrate. 

And now, for all the vile Things I did aboard, I 
own the Juftice of God and'Man, in what is ^one 
unto me. 

Of both together. 

We hope, we truly hate the Sins, whereof we 
have the Burthen lying fo heavy upon our Con- 

We warn all Peopk, and particularly young Peo- 
ple, againfl fuch Sins as thefe. We wiih, all may 
take Warning by us. 

We beg for Pardon, for the liike of Chrlft, our 
Saviour , and our Hope is ip him alone. Oh ! that 


41 o Of Capu John Thil-eipb. 

in his Blood our Scarlet andCrimfon Guilt m^ h afft^ajh* 
ed away I 

We are fenfible of an hard Heart hi us^ full of 
Wickednefs. And we look upon God for his renew- 
ing Grace upon us. 

We blefs God for the Space of Repentance which 
he has given us ^ and that he has not cut us off in 
the Midft and E eighth of our Wickednels. 

We are not without Hope, that God has been fa- 
ying ly at work upon our Souls. 

We are made lenfibie of our abfolute Need of the 
Righteoufiiefs of Chrifl: ^ that we may ftand jufl:i- 
fied before God m that. We renounce all Depen- 
dance on our own. 

We are humbly thankful to the Mlnifiers of 
Chriflj for the great Pains they have taken for our 
Good. The Lord Reward their Kindnefs. 

We don't Defpair of Mercy ; but hope, through 
Chrifl, that when we dye, we fhall find Mercy with 
God, and be received into his Kingdom. 

VVe wtfli others, and efpecially the Sea-faring, 
may get Good by what they fee this Day befaOing 
of us. 

JDedared in the Frefence of J« W. D. M» 




O F 

Captain SPRIGGS, 

And his Crew. 

Priggs failed with Low for a pretty while, and 
I believe came away from Lowther^ along with 
him •, he was Quarter-Mafter to the Compa- 
ny, and confequently had a great Share in all the 
Barbarities committed by that execrable Gang, till 
the Time they parted ^ which was about Chrlfl- 
mas laft, when Low took a Ship of 12 Guns on the 
Coaft of G'z^^'wfj/, called the £)^//>k, (formerly the%z^/r- 
rel Man of War,) commanded by Captain Hmt. 
Sfriggs took PolTeilion of the Ship with eighteerv 
Men, left Low in the Night, and came to the IVeJl-^ 
Indies. Tiiis Separation was occaiioned by a Qriarw 
rel with Lcwy concerning a Piece of Juftice Sfrlggs 
would have executed upon one of tne Crew, Tor 
killing a Man in cold Blood, as they call it, one in- 
fixing that he fhould be hang'd, and the other that 
heihould not. 

A Day or two after they parted, Spriggs was chofe 
Captain by the reft, and a black Enfign was made, 
wpiich they called Jolly Roger y with the fame De- 
vice that Captain Low carried, W;?:. a white Skelitou 
in the Middle of it, with a Dart in one Hand ftrik- 

412 Of Captain SfRIGGS. 

ing a bleeding Heart, and in the other, an Hour- 
GJafs *, when this was finifhed and hoified, they 
fired all their Guns to flilute their Captain and 
themfelves, and then looked out for Prey. 

In their Voyage to the Wefl^Indies^ thefe Pyrates 
took a Vortuguefe Bark, wherein they got valuable 
Plunder, but not contented with that alone, they 
laid they would have a little Game with the Men, 
and ^o ordered them a Sweat, more for the Brutes 
Diveriion, than the poor Men's Heakhs •, which 
Operation is performed after this Manner ^ they 
jRiick up lighted Candles circularly round the Mi- 
Zon-Maft, between Decks, within which the Pati- 
ents one at a Time enter ^ without the Candles, 
the Pyrates poft themfelves, as many as can ftand, 
forming another Circle, and armed with Pen- 
Knives, Tucks, Forks, Compaffes, &c. and as he 
runs round and round, the Mufick playing at the 
fame Time, they prick him with thofe Inftuments \ 
thisufually lafts for lo or 12 Minutes, which is as 
long as the miferable Man can fupport h'mfelf. 
When the Sweating was over, they gave the Vortu- 
guefe their Boat with a fmall Quantity of Provifions, 
and fet their VeiTei on Fire. 

Near the Ifland of 'St, Lucla^ they took a Sloop 
belonging to Barhatioes, which they plundered, and 
then burnt, forcing fome of the Men to iign their 
Articles, the others they beat and cut in a barba- 
rous Manner, becaule they refufed to take on with 
the Crew, and then fent them away in the Boat, 
who all got fafe afterwards^ to Barhadoes, 

The next was vl Ma-am Ico Man, which they fer- 
ved as bad as they had done the others, but did not 
burn their Ship. Som.e Days afterwards in run- 
ning down to Leeward, they took one Captain 
Havoliinsy coming from "^jamdca^ loaden chiefly with 
Logwood ; they took out of her. Stores, Arms, 
An^niunitionj and feveral other Things, as they 

> thought 

Of Captain Spriggs. 415 

thought fit, and what they did not want the/ 
threw over-board or deftroy'd^ they cut the Ca- 
bles to pieces, knocked down the Cabins, broke 
all the Windows, and in fhort took all the Pains in 
the World to be Mifchievous. They took by 
Force, out of her, Mr. Burridge and Mr. Ste^henSj 
the two Mates, and ibme other Hands-, and after 
detaining the Ship from the 2 id of March ^ to the 
29th, they let her go. On the 27th they took a 
Rhode Jfland Sloop, Captain Tlhy and all his Men 
were obliged to go aboard the Pyrate :, but the 
Mate being a grave fober Man, and not inclinable 
to ftay^ they told him, he ihould have his Dil> 
charge, and that it ihould be immediately writ on 
his Back ^ whereupon he was fentenced to receive 
ten Lafhes from every Man in the Ship, which was 
rigoroufly put in Execution. 

The next Day Mr. Burridge^ Captain Hdwlins^s 
Mate, fign'd their Articles, which was fo agreea- 
ble to them (he being a good Artift and SailorJ 
that they gave three Huzza's, fir'd all the Guns in 
the Ship, and appointed him Mafter : The Day 
was fpent in boyfterous Mirth, roaring and drink- 
ing of Healths, among which was, by Miftake, 
that of King George the II. for you mufl: know, now 
and then the Gentry are provok'd to fudden Fits of 
Loyalty, by the ExpeOration of an A£l: of Grace : 
k feems Captain Tike had heard at Jamaica that 
the King was dead, fo the Pyrates immediately' 
hoifted their Enfign Half-Maft (the Death Signal) 
and proclaim'd his Rojal Highnefs, faying, They 
doubted not but there would be a general Pardon in a, 
twelve Month^ which they would embrace and come in »p- 
»», but damn ''em if they Jlmild be excepted out of ity they 
would murder euery Englifhman that flwuldfall into their 

The fecond of Aprils they fpy'd a Sail, and gave 
her Chace till 12 o'clock at I>Jight, the Pyrates be^ 


414 Of Captain SPRIGGS. 

lieved her to be a Spaniard, when they came clofe' 
up to her, they dilcharged a Broadfide, with fmall 
and great Shot, which was follow'd by another, but 
the Ship makhig a lamentable Cry for Quarters, 
they ceas'd firing, and ordered the Captain to come 
aboard, which he did, but how difappointed the 
Ros^ues were when they found 'twas their old Friend 
Captain Hawkins, whom they had fent away three 
Days before, worth not one Penny ? This was fuch 
a Baulk to them, that they refolved he fhould fuf- 
fer for falling in their Way, tho' it was fo contra- 
ry to his own Inclinations : About 1 5 of them fur- 
rounded the poor Man with fliarp Cutlafhes, and 
fell upon him, whereby he was foon laid fiat on 
the Deck •, at that Inftant Burridge flew amongft 
the thickeft of the Villains, and begg'd earneitly 
for his Life, upon whofe Requeft 'twas granted. 
They were now moft of 'em drunk, as is ufual at 
this Time of Night, fo they unanimouily agreed to 
make a Bonfire of Hawkins's Ship, which was im- 
mediately done, and in half an Hour ihe was all of a 

After this, they wanted a little more Diverfion, 
and fo Captain Hawhns was fent for down to the 
Catin to Supper • what fhould the Provifion bey 
but a Difh of Candles, which he was forced to eat, 
having a naked Sword and a Piflol held to his 
Breaft all the while •, when this was over, they 
buffeted him about for fome Time, and fent him 
forward amongfl the other Prifone^s, who had been 
treated with the fame Delicacies. 

Two Days afterwards, they anchored at a little 
uninhabited lfLand,cal]'d7?4f/-^?/, near the Bay ofHi?;/- 
durasj and put afhore Captain Hawhns, and feveral 
other Men, (one of them his PaiTenger) who dy'd 
there of the Hardfhips he underwent. They gava 
there. Powder and Ball, and a Mufquet, with which 


Of Captain SprIGGs. 415 

they were to fhiTt as they could, failing away the next 
Day for other Adventures, 

Captain Hdwhnsj and his unfortunate Compani- 
ons, ftaid Tp Days upon this Ifland, fupplying them- 
felves with both Fiih and Fowl, fuch as they were, 
at which Time came two Men in a Canoe, that 
had been left upon another marroon ifland near 
BenaccAj who carry 'd the Company at federal 
Times thither, it being more convenient In having 
a good Well of frefh Water, and Plenty of Fifh", 
&c. Twelve Days afterwards they fpy'd a Sloop 
off at Sea, which, upon their making a. great Smoke, 
ftood in, and took them oif*, fhe was the Mcrrlam^ 
Captain Joms^ lately efcapedout of the Bay of Hon-^ 
durasj from being taken by the Sfanlards. 

At an Ifland to the Well ward, the Py rates cleanM 
their Ship, acd faiTd towards the Ifland of St. 
Chriflofhersy to wait for one Captain Moor^ who com- 
maiided the Eagle Sloop, w?ien jfhe took Lowthe-Zs 
upon the Careen, at Blamo *, Springs refolved to put 
him to Death, whenever he took him, for falling 
upon his Friend and Brother, but inftead of Moor^ 
he found a French Man of War from Martinlco^ up- 
on the Coaft, which Spriggs not thinking fit to con- 
tend with, run away with all the Sail he could 
make, the French Man crowded after him, and was 
very likely to fpeak v\^ith Mr. Spriggs^ when un^ 
. fortunately his Main-Top-Mafl came by the Board, 
which obliged him to give over the Chace. 

Spriggs th^n i^ood to the Northward, towards 
Burrmidas^ or the Summer IJIes^ and took a Scooiier 
belonging to Bofion ^ he took out all the Men and 
funk the Velfel, and had the Impudence to tell the 
Mafler, that he defigned to encreafe his Compa- 
ny on the Banks of Newfoundland^ and then would 
ftil for the Coaft of New- Engl and ia quell: of Cap- 
tain Solgarrdy who attacked and took their ConforC 
Charles Harris^ Spriggs being then ij^ Low^s Sloop, 


4 1 6 Of Captahi SpriGGS. 

who very fairly run for it. The Pyrate ask'd the 
Mafter if he knew Captain Solgard^ who anfwering 
No ; he ask'd another the fame Queftion, and then 
a third, who faid he knew him very well, upon 
which Sfriggs ordered him to be Ivveated, which was 
done in the Manner before defcrib'd. 

Inftead of going to Newfoundland as the Pyrates 
threat'ned, they came back to the Iflands, and to 
Windward of St. ChrifiopherSj on the 4th of June 
laft, took a Sloop, Nicholas Trot Mafler, belonging 
to St. Eujlatia^ and wanting a little Diverfion, they 
hoifted the Men as high as the Main and Fore Tops, 
and let them run down amain, enough to break all 
the Bones in their Skins, and after they had pret- 
ty well crippled them by this cruel Ufage, and 
whipp'd them about the Deck, they gave Trot his 
Sloop, and let him go, keeping back only 2 of his 
Men, befides the Plunder of the Velfel. 

Within two or three Days they took a Ship co- 
ming from Rhode- JJland to St. Chriflopherfy loaden 
with Provifions and fome Horfes ^ the Pyrates 
mounted the Horfes and rid them about the Deck 
backwards and forwards a full Gallop, like Mad- 
men at NeW'Marhtj curfmg, fwearing, and hallow^ 
ing, at fuch a Rate, that made the poor Creatures 
wild, and at length, two or three ot them throw-* 
ing their Riders, they fell upon the Ship's Crew, 
and whipp'd, and cut, and beat them in a barbarous 
Manner, telling them, it was for bringing Horfes 
without Boots and Spurs, for want of which they 
were not able to ride them. 

This is the lafl Account we have had of Captaiil 
SpriggSy I fhall only add the two following Relations^ 
and conclude. 

ABrlgantine belonging to Brlftol^ one Afr. Korv^ 
ry Mafter, had been trading at Gambiay in 
jifricay and falling as low as Cape Mount^ to finifll 


C 417 ) 

the flaving oi the VefTel, he had, by a Misfdrtun^ 
ufual at thac Part of the Coai% his Mate, Surgeon, 
and two more of his Men, ^ Panyarrd by the Ne- 
groes. The Remainder ot his Company, which was 
not above 5 or 6' in Number, took this Opportunity^ 
and feiz'd the VefTel in the Road, making the Ma- 
iler Prifbner. 

You will think it prodigious impudent that fo 
fmall a Number fhould undertake to proceed a 
py rating, efpecially when neither of them had fuf- 
ficient Skili in Navigation : Yet this they did, lea*' 
vingthofe People, their Ship-Mate? abovemention'd, 
to the Mercy of the barbarous Natives, and fail'd 
away down the Coaft, making them a black Flag, 
which they merrily faid, would be as good as 50 
Men more, i. e, would carry as much Terror ^ and 
that they did not doubt ot foon increafing their 
Crew, to put them in an enterprizing Capacity ^ but 
their vain Projeftion was foon happily fruftrated, 
and after this Manner. 

The Mafter whofe Life they had preferved, (per- 
haps only for fupplying their own Unskillfulnefs 
in Navigation,) adviled them, that iince contrary 
to their Expeftations, they had met with no Ship 
between Cafe Mount ^ and the Bite of Calabar^ to pro- 
ceed to the Ifland of St. Thomas^Sy where they might 
recruit with Provifions and Water, and fell elf the 
Slaves f about 70 of them) which they perceived 
would be a ufelefs Lumber, and incommodious to 
their Defign. They arrived there in Auguj} 1721, 
and one Evening, while Part of them were on Shore^ 
applying for this Purpofe to the Governor, and the 
other Part carelefly from the Deck, Mr. Rowry 
ftepp'd into the Boat belonging to the Velfel, and 
puihed off, very fuddenly : They heard the Nolle 
it made, and foon were upon Deck again, , but ha- 

* Term for ftealing of Men ufed all over the Coaft. 

D d vlna 


ving no other Boat to purfue, nor a Musket, ready 
to fire, he got fafe on tShore, and ran to the Gover- 
nor with his Complaint, who immediately impri- 
Ibned thofe already there, and fent a Launch off to 
take the reft out of the Ship. 

The Swallow arrived at Sc. Thomas's the Beginning 
of OMer following, where, on Mr. RGwry'sRemou' 
ftrance. Application was made to the Fortuguefe Go- 
vernor of that ifland, for a Surrendery of thefe five 
jE?7^///^ Prifoners thenin the Caftle ^ but he not on- 
ly peremptorily excufed himfelf from it, as a Mat- 
ter out of his Power, without particular Diredion 
from the Court of Portugal ^ but withal infinuated, 
that they had only taken Refuge there from the 
Hardships and Severity they had met with from 
their Matter. The manner of Denial, and the ava- 
ritious Temper of the Gentleman, which I had Oc- 
caiion to be acquainted with, makes it very fufpi- 
cious, that he propofed confiderable Gains to him- 
felf^ for if Mr. Rorvry had not made fuch an Efcape 
to him, the Slaves had been his for little or nothing, 
as a Bribe to filence his Sufpicions, which any Man, 
lefs acute than he, muft have had from the awkward 
and unskilful Carriage of fuch Merchant?. But e- 
nough of this *, perhaps he is not the only Governor 
abroad that finds an Intereft in countenancing thefe 

An Account' of the P^a^acies and Murders 
committed by Thili^ Roche^ If^c. 

PHil.'p Rcche was born in Irelandy^nd from his Youth 
had been bred up to the Sea -^ he was a brisk 
genteel Fellow, of 30 Years of Age at the Time of 
Ills Death ^ one whofe black and fiivtige Nature did 


( 419 ) 
ii|0 ■ ways anfwer the Comliriefs of his Perfon, hi5 

Life being almoft one continued Scene of Villany, be- 
fore he was difcovered to have commkted the hor- 
rid Murders we are now fpeaking oL 

This inhumane Monfter had been cOi cerned with 
others, ininfuring Ships to a great Value, and then 
deflroying them ^ by which Means, and other 
Rogueries, he had got a little Money ^ and being 
Mat3 of a Ship, was dilUgent enough in trading for 
himfelf between Ireland and France ^ ^o that he was 
in a Way of getting himfelf a comfortable Liveli- 
hood : But, as he refolved to be rich, and finding 
fair Dealing brought in Wealth but flowly, he con- 
triv'd to put other Things in Execution, and cer- 
tainly had murthered feveral innocent Perfons in 
the Profecution of his abominable Schemes ^ but as 
I have now forgot the particular Circumflances of 
thole Relations, 1 fhall confine my felf at prefent to 
the Fad for which he fufferM. 

-^5c/7 getting acquainted with one Neal^ a Fiilier- 
man at Cork^ whom he found ready for any villainous 
Attempt, he imparted his Deiign to him, who be- 
ing pleased with the Projeo:, brings one Tierce CuUen 
and his Brother into the Confederacy, together 
with, one Wife y who at firfb was very unwilling to 
come into their Meafures, and, indeed, had the leafl 
Hand in the Perpetration of what follows. 

They pitch'd uponaVeffel in the Harbour, be- 
longing to Feter Tartoue^ a French Mnn, to execute 
their cruel Intentions upon, becaufe it was a fmall 
one, and had not a great Number of Hands on 
Board, and 'twas eafy afterwards to exchange it 
for one more fit for Pyracy •, and tlicrefore they ap- 
plyM themfelves to the Mafler of her, for a Paif.ige 
to Nantz., whereto the Ship was bound • and accor- 
dingly, the Beginning o'^ November 1721, they went 
aboard -5 and when at Sea, FhlUf Roche being an expe- 
rbnced Sailor^ the Mafter of the Veffel readily 

D d 2 tuiflcd 

( 420 ) 

tniHed him witli the Care of faer, at times, while 
he and the Mate went to reft. 

The 15th Q^ November^ at Night, \vas the Time 
defigned for the Tragedy ^ but Francis Wife relented, 
and appeared defirous to divert them from their 
bloody Piirpofes. Rodoe (Ibmetimes called Cap- 
tain) told him, 77;^?- as Cullen and he had fuftained 
rreat Lcjfes at Sea^ nnhfs evr/j Iriihman frsfsm woidd 
^ift in repair wg their Lcjfes , l^ mvrthering ail the French 
Rogues^ and Tumilng aw^ with the Shifj he j!wuldfuffer 
the fame Fate with the French Men -, hut if all would af- 
ffly aU Jbould have a Share in the Booty, Upon this, 
they all refoWed alike, and Captain Roche ordered 
three pmjchmen and a Boy up to hand the Topfails, 
the Maimer and Mate being then afleep in their Ca- 
bins, The two firft that came down, they beat out 
their Brains and threw them over-board : The 
other two feeing what was done, ran up to the Top- 
mail Head, but CuMen followed them, and taking the 
Boy by the Arm, toft him into the Sea •, then dri- 
ving down the Man, thofe below knocked him on 
the Head, and threw him over-board. 

Thole who were alleep, being awakened by the 
difmal Skrieks and Groans of dying Men, ran upon 
Deck in Confufion, to enquire into the Caufe of 
fuch unufuai Noifes ^ but the fame Cruelty was 
immediately afted towards them, e'er they could 
be fenfible of the Danger that threatened them. 

They were now (as Roche himfelf afterwards con- 
fefs'^dj aU over as vpn rvith the Blood that had heen^ffdty 
^ if they had been diffd in Water ^ or food in a Shower of 
R^tHy nvr did they regard it any more. Roche fa id. 
Captain Tartoue ufed many Words for Mercy, and 
asked them, if he had not ufed them with Civility 
andKindnefs? If they were not of the fame Chri- 
ilian Religion, and owned the fame bleffed Jefusy and 
the like ? But they, not regarding what he faid, 
tcok Cords and bound the poor Mafler and his 


C 421 ) 

Mate Baci to Back, and while tfiat vifas doing;, 
both o^ them begged with the utsac^ Eanxdiuefe, 
and uied the moft folemnlntreatiesj that they would 
at Jeaft allow them a few Minutes to lay thek Pra- 
yers, and beg Mercy of God for the var iousSms and 
Ofiences of their Lives : But it did not move thera, 
Cthough all the reft were dead, and no Danger couid 
be appreheiided from them two alone) tor the bound 
Perions were hurry'd up and thrown into the Sea. 

The Maflacre being finifhed, they waihed theis- 
felves a little from the Blood, and fearched the 
Chefts and Lockers, and all Places about the Ship, 
and then fet down in the Captain^s Cabin, and 
refrelhed themfelves with ibme Rum thej fbimd 
there, and (as Roche confeiled^ were never merrier 
in their Lives. They invefled R&ehe with the 
Command of the Ship, aiid calling him Captain, 
talked over their Liquor, what rare A£Bons they 
would perform about Cape Briton^ SabU Ijtc^ and the 
Banks of Ncwfamdlandy whither they defigsied to 
go as fbon as they had recruited their Coinpany, 
and got a better Ship, which they propofed ^-^qq^ 
dily to do. 

jRoche taking upon himfelf the Command of the 
VeiTel, ^w^rnp C«/ie« was to pafs for a Merchaiit or 
Super-cargo ; but when they bethought themfelves, 
that they were in Danger of being difcavered by 
the Papers of the Ship, relating to the Cargo, as 
Bills of Lading, &c. therefore they erale aiid take 
out the Kame of the French Mafter, and infiead 
thereof, infer ted the Islame of Rothsy lb that it 
ftoodin the Ship's Papers, P^#fr ^flf/;e Mailer ; that 
then having lb few Hands on Board, they contri- 
ved if they met any Ships, to give out, that they 
had loft fome Hands by their being wa&ed over- 
board in a Storm, and by that Means Icreen them- 
felves from being fuipetled of having committed 
fome fuch wicked AO:, by Realbn of tl^ Fewneisof 

Dd 3 their 

( 4^2 ) 

their Plandson Board • and alio might prevail wi(;h 
fome Ship to fpare them fome, on Conlideration of 
their pretended Uifafter. 

In going to Cales they were in Diftrefs by the 
Weather, and being near Lisbon^ they made Cora- 
plaint to a Ship, but obtained no Ailiftance. They 
were then obliged to fail back for England^ and put 
into the Port of Dartmouth ; but then they were in 
fear leaft they might be difcovered, therefore to pre- 
vent that, they refolve to alter the Ship, and getting 
Workmen, they take down the Mizzen-Maft, and 
build a Spar Deck, and made Rails, (on pretence 
that the Sailors had been wafnM overboard^ to le- 
cure the Men. Then they took down the Image of 
St, Peter at the Head of the Ship, and put up a Lion 
in its Place, and painted over the Stern of the Ship 
with Red, and new nam'd her the Mary Snow. The 
Ship bemg thus alter'd that they thought it could 
3iot be known, they fancy'd themfelves pretty le- 
cure ^ but wanting Money to defray the Charge of 
thefe Alterations, Roche^ as Mafter of the Veifel, 
and Andrew Culler?^ as Merchant, apply themfelves 
to the Officers of the Cuftoms for Liberty to difpofe 
of fbme of the Cargo, in order to pay the Werk- 
men ; which they having obtained, they Ibid fifty 
eight Barrels of Beef, and having hired three more 
Hands, they let Sail for Oftendj and there having 
fold more Barrels of Beef, they f^.eer their Courle 
to Rotter dam J difpofe of the refl: of the Cargo, and 
took in one Mr. Anneflyj who freighted the Ship for 
Evgland ^ but in their PaiTage, in a ftormy Kight, 
it being very dark, they took up Mr. Annefly their 
PaiTenger, and threw him into the Sea, who fwam 
about the Ship a pretty while, calling out for Life, 
and telling them they fliould have all his Goods, 
if t\i^y would receive him again into the Velfel : 

- Mm 

( 423 ) 

After this, they were obliged to put into Jfeve- 
ral Ports, and by contrary Winds, came to the 
Coafl of Franccy and hearing there was an Enqui- 
ry made after the Ship, Roche quits her at Havre de 
Grace^ and leaves the Management to Cullen and the 
reft \ who having fliipp'd other Men, fail'd away 
to Scotlandy and there quitted the V^elTel, which was 
afterwards Teized and brought into the River of 

Some Time after this, Fhill^ Roche came to London j 
and making Ibme Claim for Money, he had made 
Infurance of, in the Name of John Euftace^ the 
Officer was apprized of the Fraud, and he arrefted 
and flung into the Compter • from whence direfting 
a Letter to his Wife^ ilie fhewed it to a Friend, 
who difcovered by it, that he was the principal 
Villain concerned in the Deftru£l:ion of Peter Tartoue^ 
and the Crew. Upon this, an Information was given 
to my Lord Carteret ^ that thePerfon who went by the 
Nameof7<?/7« Euftace^ v/^s Fhlllp Roche y as aforefaid; 
and being brought down by his Lordfhips Warrant, 
he ftifly deny'd it for fome Time, notwithftanding 
a Letter was found in his Pocket, direfted to him 
by the Name of Roche -^ but being confronted by a 
Captain of a Ship, who knew him well, he con- 
feiTed it, but prevaricated in feveral Particulars- 
whereupon he was committed to Newgate upon 
violent Sufpicion, and the next Day was brought 
down again at his own Requeft, confelled the whole, 
defired to be made an Evidence, and promiled to 
convict three Men worfe than himfelf. Two were 
difcovered by him, who died miferably in the Mar^ 
flialfeay and Roche himfelf was afterwards try'd, (no 
more being taken,) found Guilty of the Pyracy, 
and executed, 

P d 4 ^fi 

( 424 ) 

An ABSTRACT of the Civil Law 
and Statute Law now in Force^ in Re- 
lation to Pyracy. 

Tyrate is Hoftis humanis generis, a common 
■ji ^ Bnemy^ with whom neither faith nor Oath is 
j7^S to he kept, according to TuUy. And by the 
"^^"^ Laws of Nature, Princes and States are re* 

fponfible for their NegleEt, if they do not provide Reme* 
dies for retraining thefe fort of Robberies- Though Py^ 
rates are called common Enemies, yet they are properly not 
to he term'dfo. He is only to he honour d with that Name, 
fays Cicero, who hath a Commonwealth, a Court, aTrea- 
fury. Consent and Concord of Citiz^ens, and fame Way, if 
Occafion he, of Peace and League : But when they have 
reduced themjclves into a Government- or State, as thofe of 
Algi^r, Sally^Tripoly, Tunis, and the like, they then 
are allowed the Solemnities of War, and the Rights of Lf- 

If Letters of Marque he granted to a Merchant, and 
hefurnipjes cut a Ship, with a Captain and Mariners, and 
they, inftead of taking the Goods, cr Ships of that Nation 
figai'nft whom their Commijfion is awarded, take the Ship 
and Goods of a Friend, this is Pyracy ^ and if the Ship 
arrive in any Pan of his ?Aajefiy s Dominions, it will he 
feiz^edy and for ever lofi to the Owners '.^ but they are no 
way liable to make Satisfaction. 

If a Ship is affaulted and taken hy the Pyrates, for Re^ 
demption of which, the Mafler becomes a Slave to the Cap- 
tors, hy the Law Marine^ the Ship and Lading are tacitly 
obliged for his Redemption fhy a general Contribution ^ hut if 



it happen through his own Folly, then no Contribution is to 
he made. 

If SuhjeBs in Enmity with the Crown of England, are 
ahord an Englifli Tyrate^ in Company with EngliiK, and 
a Robbery is commit ted j and they are taken \ it is Felony in 
the Englilh, but not in the Stranger \ for it was no Vy- 
racy in them, but the Depredation of an Enemy, and they 
will be tried by a Martial Law* 

If Tyracy is committed by Subjects in Enmity with Eng- 
land, upon the Britifh Seas, it is properly only punijhable 
by the Crown of England, who have iftud regimen & 
Dominnm exclufive of all other Power. 

If Tyracy be committed on the Ocean, and the Ty rates in 
the uittemft be overcome, the Captors may, without any So- 
lemnity of Condemnation^ hang them up at the Main-Tar d \ 
if they are brought to the next Tort, and the fudge re- 
]eU:s the Tryal, or the Criptors cannot wait for the Judge ^ 
without peril or Lofs, Ji/fiice may be done upon them by 
the Captors. 

If Merchandiz,e be delivered to a Mafter^ to carry to one 
Port, and he carries it to 'another, and. fells and difpofes of it, 
this is not Felony ^ but if, after unlading it at the fir ft Port^ 
he retakes it, it is Pyracy. 

If a Pyrate attack a Ship;, and the Mafier for Eedcmption^ 
gives his Onth to pay a Sum of Money, tho^ there be nothinc 
taken, yet it is Pyracy by the Law Marine. 

If a Ship is riding at Anchor, and the Mariners all a- 
Jhore, and a Pyrate attack her, and rob her, this is Pyracy. 

If a Man commit pyracy tipon the SuhjcEls of any Prince^ 
or RepiMick, (though in Amity with us,) and brings the 
(jocds into Englaiid, and fells them in a Market Overr, 
the fame fiall bind, and the Owners are fjr ever excluded. 

If a Pyrate enters a Port of this Kingdom, and robs a 
Ship at Anchor there, it is not Pyracy, becaufe not dcm, 
fliper altam Mare f, but is Robbery at common Law, tc- 
Cdufc infra Corpus Comitatus. A Pardon of all Felonies 
does not extend to Pyracy, but the fame ought lo be'efj^ccij-y 


(42^ ). _ 

Hy 28 H. 8. Murthers and Robberies committed upon 
the Sea, or in other Tlacesj where the Admiral pretends 
Jurifdilliony jJja/lbe enquired intOy try'dy heardy and de- 
termine d^ in fuch Vlacei and Counties within the Re aim ^ 
(U,^mll he limited by the Kings Commiffiony in like Manner 
fi^ if fuch Offences were done at Land- And fuch Commif- 
fions (being under the Great Seal) fioall be directed to the 
Lord Adrniraly his Lieutenant or Deputy ^ and to three or 
four fuch others as the Lord Chancellor fmll name 

The faid CcmmiJfionerSy or three of themy have Power to 
enquire of fuch Offences by twelve lawful Men of the Coun^ 
0'> y^ limited in their Commiffiony as if fuch Offences were 
dene at Landj within the fame County '^ and every lndiB:» 
7nent fo found and prefcnted^ fljall be good in Law ^ and 
fuch Order y T't'cgrefsy Jitdgment^ and Execution jhall he ufedy 
hadj done, and made thereupcn, as ogdnB Offenders for 
Murder and Felony done at Land, Alfo the Tryal of fuch 
Offences (if they he denied) Jhall he had by twelve Men of 
the County y limited in the faid Commiffiony (ts afore f aid f) 
and no Challenge JJjall he had for the Hundred : And fuch 
^s^Mllbe conviil of fuch Offence s^ fhall fuffer Death with- 
out Benefit of Clergy y and forfeit Land and Goodsy 04 in 
Cafe of Felonies and Aiurders done at Land, 

This A^ fhall not prejudice any Verfon^ or Terfons^ 
(urged by Neccjfity ) for taking ViB:ualsy Cables^ Ropes, 
Anchors or Sails ^ cut of another Shif that may fpare them, 
fo as they either pay ready Money, or Money worth for them, 
or give a Bill for the Payment thereof'^ if on this Side the 
Straits of Gibraltar, within four Months j // beyond, 
within twelve Months. 

When any fuch Commiffton pjali be fent to any Place 
within the Jurifdlclion of the Cinque-Ports, it fliall bs 
direEied to the Warden of the faid Ports, or his Deputy 
with three or four other Perfons, as the Lord Chancellor fij all 
Name \ and the Inquifition or Tryal of fuch Offences, 
there, jljali be made and hady by the Inhabitants of the faid 
Ports, and Members of the faipe, 


( 427 ) 

By II and 12 W. 3. c. 7. If any natural horn Sub- 
jeCis or DeniJjms of Epigiand, commit Vyracy^ or any AU: 
of Hofiillty^ agawfi his Majejly's SuhjeEts at Sea^ under 
Colour of a Commiffion or Authority^ from any foreio-n 
Prince or State^ or P erf on whatfoever^ fuch Offenders jhall 
be adjudged ?y rates. 

If any Commander or Mafler of a Ship^ or Seaman orMa^ 
riner^gvve up his Ship ^ &c. f^ PyrateSy or combine to yield 
upj or run away with any Ship^ or lay violent Hand on his 
Commander y or endeavour to make a Revolt in the Ship^ he 
fhall be adjudged a Pyrate. 

All Perfons who after the i^th of September 1720, 
fhall fet forth any Pyrate (or be aiding and affifting to any 
fuch Pyrate^ committing Pyracy on Landman ^eay^oK^Jhall 
conceal fuch Pyrate s^ or receive any Veffel or Goods pyrati- 
cally taken, Jhall bf adjudged acceffary to fuch Pyracy^ and 
' fuffer 06 Principals 9 _ 

^y 4 G. c^ 1 1 . Se£b. 7. All Perfons who have ccrrnnit-^ 
udy or fiall commit any Offences ^ for which they ought --to 
h^ adjudged Pyratesy by the Act 1 1 and 12 W. 3. c, 7. 
may be tried for every fuch Offence y in fuch Manner as by 
the A^ 28 H. 8. c. 15. is direBed for the Tryal of^ Py- 
rate s ; and^mll not have the Bene ft of Clergy, 

Se£t. 8. 7^^' AB P^ll not extend to Perfons conviEbed or 
attainted in Scotland. 

Se£l. 9. Ihis Act jhall extend to his Majejl-fs Domini- 
ons in America, and he taken as a publick AB. 


.i . 

Next Week will be publifbed, 
T\^ lOTES on feveral Chyrurgical Subjefls* 
i> By JOHN ATKINS, Surgeon. 

N. B. One entire Chapter on the Diftempers 
of Guiney. Printed for T. Warner in Pater-- 


A 2 ;^ (^V^^,/:T., 




■V »*f Ai